九廣鐵路年報 Kowloon Canton Railway Annual Departmental Report 1977-1978

S

2.9

W

?

$

GENERAL MANAGER,

RAILWAY

ON

197778

LIP

DEPARTMENTAL

REPORT

香港公共圖書館

ARIES

BLIC LIBR

NG KONG PUBLIC'

HONG

香港巾

圖書

CENTRAL

HONG KONG

ANNUAL DEPARTMENTAL REPORT

BY THE

GENERAL MANAGER, RAILWAY

 

کے

Ku

D. M. HOWES

FCIT, FPWI,

MBE, FCIT, FPWI, ASSOCIRSE

FOR THE

FINANCIAL YEAR 1977-78*

NG KONG PUBLIC LIBRAR

1st April 1977-31st March 1978

НК 35 г. 9

市政局公共圖書館 UCPL

HKCr

Kow

3 3288 00242982 9

EXCHANGE RATES

When dollars are quoted in this report they are Hong Kong Dollars unless otherwise stated. Since 26th November 1974 the value of the Hong Kong dollar has been allowed to fluctuate in terms of other currencies. On 31st March 1978 the market rate was approximately HK$4.62 US$1.

=

香港

म्

NG KONG PUBLIC LIBRAR

GENERAL SURVEY

TRAFFIC.

CONTENTS

Paragraphs

1 - 17

18 - 36

OPERATIONS

FINANCE

成共區

MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING.

37

49

57

-

-

48

56

66 - 81

CIVIL ENGINEERING

PERSONNEL

TRAINING

STAFF WELFARE

APPENDICES

82-87

90 - 94

PUBLIC LIBRA

I XXVI

A

GENERAL SURVEY

        The year showed a considerable growth in terms of volume and revenue as illustrated in the following table comparing the performance of the year with 1976/77 :

Percentage Increase/Decrease

1976/77

1977/78

Chargeable freight tonnage

1,386,865

1,505,941

+ 8.59%

Number of passenger journeys

12,210,985

14,490,912

+18.67%

Head of livestock

1,641,682

1,910,612

+16.38%

Goods revenue

$19,089,798

$21,629,290

+13.30%

Passenger revenue

$15,612,030 $18,901,324

+21.07%

Gross railway revenue

$38,907,789 $44,462,040

+14.28%

$34,797,733

$43,048,135

+23.71%

Recurrent expenditure

2.

        Imports from China, which represented 99.93% of the freight carried, rose from the previous year's figure of 1,385,815 tonnes to 1,504,924 tonnes. The increase was mainly due to the improvement in relation with China and also increasing local demands. Export tonnage was 854 tonnes, an increase of 150 tonnes over the previous year. Freight carried within the New Territories dropped from 346 tonnes in 1976/77 to 163 tonnes.

3.

The number of passengers who travelled wholly within Hong Kong rose from 10,605,010 in 1976/77 to 12,462,189 in 1977/78 representing an increase of 17.5%. The factors contributing to the increase included increased frequency of passenger train service; improved connecting public transport service at Kowloon Station and growth of population along the corridor of the Railway in the New Territories. Passengers travelling to and from China also rose from 1,605,975 in the previous year to 2,028,723, representing an increase of 26.3%.

4.

         Net profit for the year declined to $1.4 million, 65.9% from the previous year's profit of $4.1 million. The decline was due to costs increasing at a faster rate than revenue. The higher cost was mainly caused by increases in salaries and on-costs, general operating expenses and payments to contractors for work on goods services.

5.

         Accumulated funds rose from $63.5 million in the previous year to $64.5 million, an increase of 2%. The value of fixed assets at the end of the year was $244.0 million, an increase of 2% over the previous year's figure of $238.1 million. Balance in Treasury Current Account fell from $10.2 million to $4.6 million in 1978 as a result of the decline in the surplus.

6.

The consultancy study commissioned by the Hong Kong Government in January 1977 to investigate the future requirements of the Railway, especially in relation to the future economic development and population growth and distribution in the New Territories, was concluded at the end of 1977. The outcome of this study was a recommendation, subsequently approved by Government in mid 1978, for what is tantamount to the complete rebuilding of the Railway in situ incorporating electrification at 25 KV. Planning work is now in active progress for, inter alia, the construction of a new major servicing

1

and maintenance depot absorbing the existing works at Sha Tin; completely new signalling and telecommunication; the provision of three additional stations, including an interchange station at Kowloon Tong linking K.C.R. with M.T.R. : rebuilding of all stations with, at some, major developments in the air space above the stations; etc. The trains will be operated by new electric multiple 3-car sets with eventually a maximum of 4 such sets per train, giving a train size of 12 vehicles. When the new electrified service is commissioned in mid 1981, it is expected that some 140,000 passengers will be carried a day compared with the present roundly 35,000 and by the middle of the 1980s up to 4 million. The present journey time of roundly 70 minutes from Hung Hom to Lo Wu will also be reduced to not more than 40 minutes.

7.

Work on double tracking the line from Hung Hom to Sha Tin was completed at the end of 1977. Double tracking of the section from Sha Tin to Tai Po Market commenced in March 1978 and is expected to be completed in 1980. Approval has also been given for double tracking the remaining section of the line from Tai Po Market to Lo Wu and it is expected that work will be completed by the end of 1980.

8.

In conjunction with the double tracking project, an extensive programme to improve track standards got underway during the year. This involves increasing the depth of ballast; replacing the existing wooden sleepers with prestressed concrete sleepers; substituting jointed track with continuously welded rails using the heavier UIC 54 rails. The relaying of tracks included not only those due for renewal but also those which had not yet reached the end of their useful lives, a process technically called premature relaying. An order was also placed during the year for the purchase of an ultrasonic rail flaw detector to detect rail cracks which are not visible to the naked eye.

9.

Installation of a new electronic colour light signalling system for the whole main line incorporating computers commenced in February 1978 to replace the traditional mechanical semaphore system which had become obsolete and incapable of coping adequately with the much higher frequency of trains to be operated. Installation work started from the section from Hung Hom to the Racecourse Station at Sha Tin and the whole system is expected to be completed at the end of 1980. Train movements for the complete railway will be regulated from a single central control room in Kowloon Station. Platform indicators will also be installed in all stations to provide train information to passengers.

10.

JBI

        New privately owned unloading sidings at Fo Tan were brought into operation in April 1977 which provide for the unloading and storage of diesel oil and dry goods coming from China. The yard can also be used for unloading kerosene and liquid petroleum gas if required.

11.

The marshalling yard at Lo Wu will become partly operational at the end of 1978. It will then enable freight trains coming from China to be remarshalled according to their commodities and final destinations.

12.

        The construction of the new Beacon Hill Tunnel started in January 1978 and it is expected to be completed before the end of 1980. The new tunnel will have two tracks with more gentle gradients and a lower summit. It is located slightly to the west of the existing tunnel.

2

13.

         Work on the construction of the new Racecourse Station in Sha Tin had to be carried out at a very fast pace during the year to coincide with the opening of the new Racecourse Station in September 1978.

14.

Improvement works at Sheung Shui Station were also put in hand. They include the building of a loop line, a signal cabin, an additional platform and a footbridge connecting the two platforms. When these works. are completed in February 1979, trains will be able to pass each other at Sheung Shui Station and help to improve punctuality.

15.

         Work on the remodelling of Sha Tin Station commenced in November 1977. When completed in 1980, the new station will have 4 passenger platforms connected to a concourse at podium level. A bus terminus will be built adjoining the concourse. A two-storey pedestrian footbridge with retail shops will connect the station with the new town centre across the trunk road. On top of the station concourse there will be a floor with retail facilities while further upward an office block is proposed to be constructed. There will also be a small goods yard with 2 sidings to serve the Sha Tin new town.

16.

Planning work for the redevelopment of Mong Kok Station was also actively progressed. Though the detailed plans had not been finalised, it is expected to be similar to Sha Tin Station with a station concourse at podium level and development around and above. Work on Phase I of the project - Reconstruction of Railway Bridge No. 7 over Argyle Street - already started in December 1977. The new bridge will have 3 tracks, two being the running lines and one as a shunting neck for access to the new goods yard at Mong Kok. To make way for the implementation of the project, unloading activities at Mong Kok were temporarily transferred to the goods yard at Ho Man Tin in October 1977.

17.

On 6th March, 1978, His Royal Highness the Duke of Kent, accompanied by His Excellency the Acting Governor Sir Denys Roberts, officiated at the opening ceremony of the industrial exhibition held by the British Trade Commission at the southern concourse of Kowloon Station.

TRAFFIC

LIBR

18.

D

       Traffic earnings increased by 16.80% in comparison with the previous year as shown below :-

1976/77

$34,701,828

1977/78

$40,530,614

Passenger Traffic

19.

Local passenger journeys increased by 17.51% and international passenger journeys by 26.32%. In the case of the former, the increase was due mainly to increased train frequency; improved connecting public transport services at Kowloon Station and population growth along the railway corridor in the New Territories. As to the latter, the increase is thought to be mainly attributable to the improved relationship with China.

3

20.

        On Sunday 3rd April, 1977 and Tuesday, 5th April, 1977 (the Ching Ming Festival Day), 20 and 27 special trains were operated in addition to the normal daily train services and 82,929 and 97,279 passengers were carried respectively. The majority went to Wo Hop Shek and Sandy Ridge Cemeteries.

21.

       On Tuesday, 21st June, 1977 (The Dragon Boat Festival), 9 special trains were run to convey the passengers to see the Dragon Boat race held at Tai Po (Yuen Chau Tsai). Altogether 39,285 passengers were conveyed to all

stations.

22.

        On Sunday, 16th October, 177, Friday, 21st October, 1977 (the Chung Yeung Festival Day) and Sunday, 23rd October, 1977, 25, 20 and 25 special trains were operated respectively and 84,846, 63,518 and 68,124 passengers were carried respectively. The majority went to Wo Hop Shek and Sandy Ridge Cemeteries.

23.

       On Thursday, 9th February, 1978, the Third Day in the First Moon of the Lunar calendar, a total of 85,804 passengers were conveyed to all

stations. On 5th February, 1978, two days before the Chinese New Year Day,

a total of 24,326 passengers were conveyed to Lo Wu and this was a new record.

共局

Fares and Rates.

24.

        Six power-operated ticket printing and issuing machines were put into use in the booking office of Kowloon Station on 4th April, 1977. These machines, costing a total of about $680,000 were each capable of issuing up to 200 tickets per minute, thus reducing considerably the waiting time in buying tickets at peak travelling periods and on holidays when passenger traffic was heavy.

25.

For the sake of non-smoking passengers, 50% of the carriages of each train were designated 'No Smoking' with effect from 6th December, 1977. International signs and wording of 'No Smoking' were painted on the windows and doors for the guidance of passengers.

Freight Traffic

IBRA

26.

The Fo Tan Goods Yard in Sha Tin was completed and unloading facilities for diesel oil at the sidings were put into operation on 25th April, 1977. The oil unloaded at this goods yard is stored in the four oil tanks nearby which were built and owned by the China Resources Company in Hong Kong. The sidings may also be used for unloading kerosene, liquid patroleum gas and dry goods if required.

27.

The goods yard at Mong Kok Station mostly used for the unloading of livestock, fresh fish and eggs in the past was closed on 11th October, 1977 to make way for the remodelling works at Mong Kok Station. As a result, these unloading activities were temporarily transferred to Ho Man Tin Goods Yard.

28.

The first stage of construction works of the marshalling yard at Lo Wu was largely completed and will become operational by the end of 1978. Goods wagons from China will be remarshalled in the yard according to their destinations and commodities before they are despatched from Lo Wu.

4

29.

For the purpose of alleviating road traffic congestion caused by lorries parked along the Salisbury Road extension awaiting entry into Kowloon Goods Yard, a lorry holding area capable of accommodating about 100 lorries was constructed near the entrance to the goods yard and opened in January 1978.

30.

        The increase in freight revenue is wholly attributable to the large volume of goods conveyed from China. Comparative figures for goods revenue

are as follows :-

Percentage

Increase/

Increase/

1976/77

1977/78

Decrease

Decrease

Carriage of general merchandise

$12,608,951

$14,140,378

Tonnes (1,386,865)

(1,505,941)

+$1,531,427 (119,076)

+12.15%

(8.59%)

Other freight

service, handling

charges, baggages, parcels, etc.

$ 6,480,847 $19,089,798

$ 7,488,912

$21,629,290

+$1,008,065

+15.55%

+$2,539,492

+13.30%

31.

The principal commodities imported by rail into Hong Kong during

the year, amounting to 57.11% of the total tonnage, were :-

S

Apples

Bars, steel

Beer

Canned goods

12,061 tonnes 25,783 26,285 14,098 11

I

Cement

22,999

Cotton clothing

11,386

Cotton piece goods

19,050

11

Cotton yarn

14,424

"

Eggs

41,292 11

Furniture

12,415

Meat, frozen

Newsprint

Oil, diesel

....

Onions

Paper

Pear

26,995

10,150

11

143,166

11

10,347

11

16,599 #

17,535 11 20,844

11

...

14.675

#1

12,188

11

15,003

"

31,114

519,309 tonnes

Potatoes

Poultry, frozen.

Tiles

Vegetables, fresh

Vegetables, preserved

32.

        Additionally the heads of livestock conveyed by rail for the same period were 1,910,612 including 1,841,396 pigs.

5

33.

A total of 6,934 cold storage wagons conveying 136,188 tonnes of frozen goods were received from China, including :-

No. of wagons

Description of goods

1,882 172

Eggs

Fresh fruits

Meat, frozen

Tonnes

30,551

2,353

26,995

1,015

34.

       Other cold or frozen goods included poultry, vegetables, fish, prawns, chestnuts, preserved meat, milk and ice cream.

35.

Mail and mail packets amounting to 3,778 tonnes, compared with 4,940 tonnes in the preceding year, were conveyed by rail to China. The amount was distributed evenly over the whole period under review.

36.

       Full details relating to goods imported from China by rail are shown in Appendix XI.

37.

OPERATIONS

New train time-tables were introduced from 18th April, 1977. As a result, four passenger trains and four additional paths for goods trains in both directions were added to provide a train service of 44 passenger trains and 20 goods trains per day. The new timetable also featured fixed times of arrival and departure for certain passenger trains at intervals of 30 minutes during the two peak hours both in the morning and the evening, i.e. between 7 a.m. and 9 a.m. and between 5 p.m. and 7 p.m.

 38. Mart Punctuality of passenger trains remained generally good as the following table shows :-

No. of scheduled passenger trains

Percentage

86.39

2,140

13.61

15,724

100.00

======

Trains arriving within time of schedule Trains arriving more than 5 minutes late

Total No. of passenger trains run

с 13,584

39.

The number of freight trains was 2,256 from China and 2,184 to China. Freight trains to China were almost exclusively empty wagons.

40.

The numbers and types of special passenger trains run during the year were as follows :-

Up

Down

Total

Passenger Ballast

268

237

505

163

163

326

431

400

831

6

41.

        On 9th August, 1977 at 16.16 hours, an empty goods wagon No. 375515 was derailed at University Station and shuttle train services were operated between Kowloon and Sha Tin and between Lo Wu and Tai Po Kau for the rest of the day.

42.

On 8th September, 1977, coach No. 315 was derailed at the south point of siding No. 3 and the loop line at Sha Tin Station. As a result of this accident, 10 trains were delayed.

43.

Tropical storm, Freda, passed Hong Kong on 24th September, 1977 but it caused neither any interruption of train services nor any major damage to the railway.

44.

         On 13th March, 1978, the locomotive of Down Train No. 43 hit a buffalo and was derailed. The section between Lo Wu Station and Sheung Shui Station was blocked and train services up to Sheung Shui had to be run up to 11.45 hours on 14th March, 1978 when the line was cleared.

45.

An analysis of accidents which occurred during the year compared with those in 1976/77 as follows :-

L

1976/77

Trespassers injured by trains. Trespassers killed by trains

Passengers injured by trains

1977/78

754

9

14

16

vão

9

Passengers killed by trains Staff injured on duty

Derailments :

(a) Chinese Section goods wagons (b) Rail-bus

(c) Passenger coaches

(a) Locomotives

Collisions :

(a) Goods train with buffer stop

(b) Between pick-up wagons

(c) Locomotive with lorry

(d) Locomotive with passenger coach

(e) Locomotive with wagon

งา

7

2

1

S

IBRAR

25

5

5

3

||

1

1

1

46.

Safety posters were put up in stations to advise the public to avoid exposing themselves to danger when travelling on trains. The train Guards also made use of the public address system on trains to remind passengers, from time to time, to keep away from stepboards when trains are moving.

Marketing Activities

47.

         Commercial activities during the year included the awarding of contracts for advertising rights in coaches, terminals and railway land, leasing of shop spaces in railway premises and renting of the southern concourse of Kowloon Station at Hung Hom for exhibitions for relatively short

7

periods. As to the latter, the demand continued to be heavy due to the excellent facilities and convenient location.

48.

The Tolo Harbour Tour which has been jointly organized with the Hong Kong Yaumati Ferry Co. Ltd. since January 1975 continued to be popular both with local people and tourists as it provided an interesting and refreshing half-day outing to see some of the most picturesque areas in the Tolo Harbour area in the New Territories.

FINANCE

49.

The Operating Accounts Notes and Analyses are published in Appendices I to IX of this report. The format of the Accounts and Notes has been amended to conform with the standardisation of Government Departmental Operating Accounts and the figures for 1976/77 financial year have also been amended for the purposes of comparison.

Income

50.

Total income during 1977/78 increased by $5.554 m from the previous financial year- a rise of 14.2%.

- a rise of 14.2%. Growth was attributable mainly from :-

(i)

Passenger Services

Traffic grew by 12.2 m journeys to 14.5 m which was an increase of 18.8% and chiefly resulted from more passengers travelling to China and greater commuter and leisure travel between the New Territories and Kowloon Station. Overall there was a 29.7% increase in revenue.

(ii) Goods Services

The kilogram kilometres increased from 46,142 m to 51,200 m which was an 11% rise and livestock imports rose 16.4%. These items contributed to an overall increase of 13.6% in goods services receipts.

(iii) Postal and other Government Usage

.....

Income from this source showed a 10.8% increase mainly from an upturn in the Postal Traffic to China and the issue of Government warrants.

(iv) Rent and Miscellaneous Receipts

There was a slight increase in revenue from these sources compared to the previous year-about 0.5%.

Two items which showed a reduction in income were :-

(i)

Subsidy for Scholar Tickets

Although the sale of scholar tickets actually rose during the period the method of calculation was amended to produce a more accurate assessment and this produced a reduction in subsidy of $295,000.

8

(ii) Interest Receivable

As there was a decline in the balance of the Treasury Current Account during the year this resulted in less interest receivable.

Expenditure

51.

         As with income, expenditure also rose during the financial year, but at a faster rate which caused the surplus of $4.110 m in 1976/77 to fall to $1.414 m in 1977/78. Overall expenditure increased by 23.7% from $34.798 m to $43.048 m. The main reasons for the rise were due to :-

(i)

Staff costs rising by 20% because of increases in salaries, on-costs and personnel.

(ii) General Operating Expenses

Fuel, light and power costs increased by 10% due to higher costs and increases in trains.

- Maintenance costs incurred extra expenditure from changes

in type of replacement track, more rolling stock and general increases in materials and labour.

-

Rates were reassessed by Rating and Valuation Department to take account of the facilities at the new terminal at Hung Hom.

(iii) Payments to Contractors for work on goods services.

These increased by 19.5% due to the increase in those goods imported from China which are handled by Contractors.

(iv) Administration

(v)

From the previous year there was a rise of 6.6% mainly from general cost increases.

Depreciation

This item increased by nearly $1.5 m resulting mainly from the inclusion of initial depreciation costs of Hung Hom Terminal.

Fixed Assets

52.

$9.771 m.

Within 1977/78 the total additions to fixed assets amounted to

The major items were :

Building

: Hung Hom Staff Quarters

Fo Tan Sidings

$3.160 m

$1.617 m

Ho Man Tin Sidings

$1.353 m

Rolling Stock

: Additional Train Set

$0.312 m

Plant

: Wheel lathe

$1.218 m

Bridges

: Duplication of No. 11

$1.489 m

9

Source and Application of Funds

53.

The amount of funds generated from KCR activities during 1977/78 as in the previous year did not cover the full amount of capital expenditure and resulted once more in a reduction in working capital, the amount in 1977/78 being $4.259 m. The balance in the Treasury Current Acount at 31st March fell from $10.202 m in 1977 to $4.606 m in 1978.

54.

        The Business Statement at Appendix VI shows that the net contribution from freight receipts towards joint costs remains at a much greater level than those from passenger traffic. The ratio for 1977/78 is about 5:1 compared to about 8:1 in 1976/77.

55.

        The percentage ratio of standard first and ordinary class tickets issues against total issues given in Appendix VII illustrates the growth of this business compared to other sectors. Passengers journeys have increased from 63.35% to 66.36%, passenger kilometres from 65.77% to 69.37% and revenue from 65.11% to 69.6% the trend being for more passengers taking longer journeys and consequently paying higher fares. In the summary at Appendix VIII the comparison of bookings to and from Lo Wu to total bookings illustrates the previous point as the increases in numbers carried is 0.85%, in passenger kilometres is 0.97% and in revenue is 1.85%.

56.

From the Analysis of Goods Receipts at Appendix IX the percentage ratio shows that the trend of increasing amounts of general merchandise being invoiced to and from Lo Wu is still continuing. Imports of livestock also show a continual upswing, the number of heads increasing by 16.38%. There was a decline in the import of diesel oil- charged weight fell by 10.65% and revenue by 18.83%, the reason was due to irregular supplies to Fo Tan.

MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

57.

        All locomotives, carriages and wagons, electrical and mechanical equipments, machineries and plants were maintained to a good standard during the year.

Locomotives

58.

The availability factor of diesel locomotives was 85.1% as compared with 87.9% in the previous financial year. The slight drop was due to greater incidences of locomotive overhauls and modifications carried out during the year. Maintenance cost dropped from $1.684 per km. in 1976/77 to $1.590 in 1977/78.

59.

The average consumption of diesel oil rose from 3.74 kg. per locomotive in 1976/77 to 3.80 kg. in 1977/78, reflecting the heavier weight of trains. The total average cost of maintenance and oil consumption per locomotive km. dropped from $4.07 in 1976/77 to $3.98 in 1977/78.

Carriages and Wagons

60.

The availability factor of carriages rose from 89.93% in 1976/77 to 91.60% in 1977/78 and the maintenance cost per passenger coach km. dropped from $0.331 in 1976/77 to $0.300 in 1977/78.

10

61.

In order to improve passenger comfort, the seating arrangement of a first class coach was repositioned and the seating capacity reduced from 80 to 70 on an experimental basis. Consideration will be given for similar modifications for more passenger coaches if it is proved popular with the passengers. Eight sets of automatic door equipments were ordered and delivered in the year and they will be installed to the air-conditioned passenger carriages in due course.

Plant and Equipments

62.

        The wheel lathe ordered in 76/77 was delivered and put into service in mid 1977. To facilitate repair work for lighting, overhead cranes and other equipment installed at heights a lifting working platform was ordered and delivered in early 1978. Other equipment delivered in the year included a metric lathe, a high speed abrasive cleaning machine and an enamel braking furnace. These new equipments all help to increase the flexibility and productivity of the Railway Workshops.

63.

Signalling installation and lighting for part of the Lo Wu Marshalling Yard were completed in November 1977. Additional lighting was also installed in University Station, Tai Po Kau Station and for the new extension of the Civil Engineering Workshops Building in Kowloon Goods Yard.

64.

         Minor works done for other Government Departments included the manufacturing of 2,000 litre hot water cylinders, various castings of iron, bronze and aluminium, etc.

Sh Statistical statements relating to the analysis of train and locomotive running, fuel oil expenses, consumption of lubricants and the cost of repairing locomotives, carriages and wagons are shown in Appendices XII to XV while the classification of rolling stock is shown in Appendices XVI to XX.

65.

CIVIL ENGINEERING

66.

        The project to improve the standard of tracks was in full swing during the year under review. The first batch of prestressed concrete sleepers for replacing the traditional wooden sleepers in connection with this project was delivered in July 1977? These prestressed concrete sleepers, together with the heavier UIC 54 rails and Pandrol fastenings, were used to construct the tracks at Sha Tin Racecourse Railway Station and also to relay the section of the Down Line between Kowloon Tong and Mong Kok which was due for renewal. The latter was brought into use in mid 1978 and became the first section of the main line laid with modern track. Other sections which were due for renewal and included in the reballasting and relaying programme for 1978/79 are those between Bridges 29 and 30 near Fanling; between Tunnel No. 2 and Sha Tin Railway Station of the Down Line and also the whole of the tracks in Sheung Shui Station.

67.

         Apart from the relaying of tracks due for renewal, approval had also been given for relaying 8 km. of the existing tracks of the main line to modern standards before they had reached the end of their useful lives. Premature relaying, as this process is called, is also being planned for a further 8 km. of the main line. This, together with the relaying of tracks due for renewal along the main line mentioned above, will enable the whole main line, with the exception of the section of the Up Line between Mong Kok

11

and Sha Tin (excluding Beacon Hill Tunnel) which had been newly constructed with the traditional lighter rails, to be modernised by mid 1981 to coincide with the opening of the new electrified service.

68.

Also, the first batch of the new UIC 54 turnouts was delivered and installed during the year under review in connection with the track improvement project. Basically they are made to the standards of British Railways and represent a big improvement over the designs previously used, particularly that of the switch tongue, in order to allow for much higher speeds. An example of these new turnouts can be found in Sheung Shui where a maximum speed of 72 k.p.h. can be run.

69.

A new technique was adopted during the year for laying in of turnouts, viz by prefabrication on site and laying in with cranes.

                                                      This new technique not only enables more precision to be applied but also reduces the interference with traffic as a complete turnout can be laid in one night.

70.

An order was placed during the year for the purchase of an ultrasonic rail flaw detector to detect rail cracks which are not visible to the naked eye. Training of staff to use this equipment will commence shortly.

71.

A new railbus for the conveyance of men and materials was ordered in December 1977 and was eventually delivered in July 1978. This railbus is capable of hauling a trailer and is fitted with a crane and tipping body for conveyance and lifting of heavy equipment and materials.

72.

l

The small permanent way trolley which had been derelict for many years was overhauled and fitted with a new diesel engine to give the thermit welding gangs more mobility.

73.

A request was submitted to Government for the purchase of a tamping levelling and lining machine which will enable the maintenance of the new heavier tracks to be carried out more efficiently and to a higher and more consistent standard. It will also facilitate the implementation of the premature relaying programme.

74.

In the past, all trackworks in connection with track widening projects were undertaken by contractors under the supervision of the Railway Division of the Public Works Department. The board of enquiry investigating the derailment near Bridge No. 9 which occurred on 20th March, 1977 recommended, inter alia, that all trackworks affecting the running lines should in future be carried out by the permanent way staff of the Kowloon-Canton Railway in order to improve train safety. As a result, a request for additional staff to cope with this new responsibility had been submitted to Government for consideration.

75.

         In connection with the development of Sha Tin New Town and other areas in the New Territories alongside the railway, civil engineering works were carried out adjacent to, over, and under the railway at a number of locations. Close liaison was maintained with the consulting engineers, Maunsell Consultants (Asia) Limited and the engineering staff of the Public Works Department regarding safety measures to be taken to safeguard the railway.

76.

Close liaison was also maintained with consultants working on the modernisation/electrification project of the Railway and with engineers of the Railway Division of the Public Works Department regarding the implementation of track widening projects.

12

77.

Whilst on leave in the United Kingdom, Mr. M.R. Elvy, Permanent Way Engineer, visited the British Railways to acquaint himself with the latest developments in permanent way construction and maintenance. He also visited the Crown Agents and a number of suppliers to expedite the supply of permanent way materials and equipments.

New Works and Improvements

78. (a)

(b)

(c)

(a)

(e)

(f)

(g)

(h)

(i)

(j)

The site formation work of the Lo Wu Marshalling Yard had been substantially completed and the yard building was fully completed in January 1978. The yard was partly opened in November 1977 after the completion of four tracks out of seven and installation of electrical signals and lightings for half of the yard. The whole project is expected to be completed in early 1979.

The construction works of Fo Tan oil sidings were completed in July 1977.

The construction of new lavatories in Tai Po Kau and University Stations was completed in March 1978.

A lorry holding area complete with Lyard building and wall

protecting buffers was constructed and put into service in April 1977

The Civil Engineering Workshops Building in Kowloon Station Yard was extended for 14 metres to provide additional storage space for permanent way and welding equipments.

A total of 134 nos. of top-hung anodized aluminium window were installed in both the southern and northern waiting areas of Kowloon Station to improve ventilation. The work was completed in March 1978.

A cleaning room was constructed in the Railway Workshops at Ho Tung Lau in December 1977 as part of the improvement works for the Railway Workshops.

Tunnel No. 5 was sealed with cement grout and chemical compound in March 1978 to stop water leaking out from the crown of the tunnel.

The male and female toilets at the north-west corner of the concourse of Kowloon Station were modified in August 1977 to provide requisite facilities for disabled persons.

The signalling systems at the north of Mong Kok Station and both ends of Sha Tin Station were altered and diverted in September 1977 in connection with track widening projects.

13

Works Undertaken for Outside Parties

79. (a)

(b)

(c)

(a)

(e)

In March 1978 the fixed barriers in the southern concourse of Kowloon Station were modified to removable to facilitate the exhibition organised by the British Trade Commission.

A 4-way undertrack cable duct was laid at Mile 9 (14.8 m.) in February 1978 for the Hong Kong Telephone Company.

A 2-way undertrack gas pipe was laid in December 1977 at Fo Tan for the China Gas Company.

The road level crossing at Mile 9 was resited to Mile 94 (14.8 m) in January 1978 for the Public Works Department in connection with road diversion works.

In connection with the reconstruction of Bridge No. 25, the mainline was diverted twice for the Highways Office of the Public Works Department and the final alignment of the main line was adjusted in September 1977

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages

80.

year.

197

No major damage was caused by typhoons and rainstorms during the

Minor Civil Engineering Works

81.

         Other items of minor civil engineering works can be found in Appendix XXI.

PERSONNEL

82.

        The following increase and deletions of posts were approved during the year, bringing the total establishment to 1,040 at 31st March, 1978, an increase of 3.48% over last year's establishment of 1,005 :-

Planning and Administration Division

Addition

1

Senior Executive Officer

Strengthening the Railway's administration

Traffic Division

Addition

3

Railway Officers II

ww

3

3

3

Manning the Control Room of Kowloon Terminus

Assistant Railway Officers) Head Shunters

Labourers

14

Manning traffic operations in Lo Wu Marshalling Yard

Attending to lavatories at stations

Deletion

3

Latrine Attendants

Replaced by 3 Labourers

Technical Division

Addition

1

Assistant General Manager, Railway

Administration and management

of Technical Division

Electrical & Mechanical Section

1

1-332

Assistant Railway Workshops Inspector (Supny.)

Senior Foreman

Foreman

Artisans I

Artisans II

')

Semi-skilled Labourers )

Supervising the maintenance works carried out by contractors for the telecommunication and electronic equipments provided at Kowloon Terminus.

Maintenance of the new colour light signalling system between Kowloon Station and Sha Tin Station

2

Labourers

155JCC

Foreman

Locomotive Drivers

>

Asst. Locomotive Drivers)

4

Artisans I

>

Artisan II

}

Semi-skilled Labourer

>

72

1

Foreman

>

2

Artisans I

>

1

Artisan II

>

1

Semi-skilled Labourer

>

1

Labourer

Civil Engineering Section

1

Senior Engineer

Maintenance and operation of two new locomotives

Maintenance of the new colour

light signalling system at Lo Wu Marshalling Yard

1

1

Assistant Way & Works Inspector

Railway Engineering Assistant I

2

Foremen

Supervising and co-ordinating the activities of the Civil Engineering Section and liaison with the Railway Division of Public Works Department.

Ensuring that works carried out adjacent to the Railway do not jeopardize the safety of railway operations.

Providing additional manpower to the Drawing Office to cope with the increase in the number and complexity of railway projects.

Supervising the construction of capital projects undertaken by contractors.

15

URBAN COUNCIL LIBRARIES

1

1

Keyman Platelayer

>

Maintenance of tracks at Lo Wu Marshalling Yard

83.

Mr. R.E. Gregory, General Manager, visited China from 6th to 9th May, 1977 to discuss railway matters of mutual interest with the Chinese railway authorities. He was invited to visit Toronto by the Government of Ontario, Canada from 3rd to 13th June, 1977 before proceeding on home leave from 14th to 25th June, 1977. During his home leave, duty visits were made to the Crown Agents, Westinghouse Brake and Signal Co. and Transmark which was a subsidiary consultancy company of the British Railways. At the request of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and The Pacific of the United Nations, he flew to Bang Kok on 10th December, 1977 to attend to first session of the Committee on Shipping and Communications before proceeding on annual leave and overseas visits from 23rd December, 1977 to 25th January, 1978. He went on leave again from 22nd February, 1978 prior to the mutual termination of his agreement with effect from 1st April, 1978. During his absence on the above occasions, Mr. U.L. Wong, Assistant General Manager, acted in his place as General Manager.

84.

Approval was given in October 1977 for Mr. U.L. Wong, Railway Workshops Engineer, to be promoted to the post of Assistant General Manager (Planning and Administration) with retrospective effect from October, 1973. Mr. Y.H. Choi, Traffic Controller, was also promoted in October 1977 to the post of Assistant General Manager (Traffic).

85.

During the year a total of 16 officers retired from the service. Officers who joined the Railway during the year included Mr. K.C. Cheng who succeeded Mr. H. Singh as Departmental Secretary and Mr. LUNG Chun-pong who filled the new post of Electrical Engineer.

86.

Mr. CHAN Yiu, the Foreman in charge of the Foundry Shop of the Railway Workshops in Ho Tung Lau, was honoured by the award of British Empire Medal by Her Majesty the Queen in recognition of his long and meritorious service.

R

87.

Meetings between the General Manager and staff associations, including the Railway Workers' Union and Traffic Officers' Association, were held regularly to improve staff-management relationship. Heads of Divisions and Sections also held meetings with the Railway Workers' Union and the Traffic Officers' Association and only those matters which could not be resolved at these levels were referred to the meetings between the General Manager and the staff associations for settlement.

TRAINING

88.

Staff

In-service training continued to be promoted at all levels. sent on various training courses during the year included the following :-

Local Courses

Mr. CHOI Shun-shing, Project Manager, attended a Decision Making Course. Messrs. U.L. Wong and Y.H. Choi, Assistant General Manager, Railway, attended a Directorate Seminar.

16

Overseas Courses

Mr. LUNG Chun-pong, Electrical Engineer, was sent to England to receive practical training with the Westinghouse Brake & Signal Co. Ltd. in the installation, operation and maintenance of signalling and describer equipment from 5th January, 1978 to 17th March, 1978. He also took a study trip on British Railways up to Glasgow after he had completed his training with Westinghouse.

Mr. LEUNG Chun-chung, Way & Works Inspector, was sent to U.K. to attend a practical training course with the British Railways on the maintenance and construction of permanent way from 24th March, 1977 to 18th November, 1977. He learnt a lot of the new track-work techniques many of which could be adopted by this Railway.

89.

        Apart from these, a large number of junior supervisory staff of the Electrical & Mechanical Section attended courses on accident prevention and industrial safety organized by the Labour Department. Also, three Way & Works Trainees who were recruited in September 1977 were being given on-the-job training on a regular basis by the Civil Engineering Section. Arrangements were also made for them to attend craft courses conducted by the Morrison Hill Technical Institute.

六圖

STAFF WELFARE

90.

         Membership of the Credit Union of the Railway Workshops stood at 75 and outstanding loans amounted to $10,548.62 at the close of the year.

91.

Up to 31st March, 1978, the grant made available by Government for welfare purpose amounted to $27,416.40. Of this amount, $19,316.50 was set available for interest-free relief loans to officers with monthly salaries not exceeding $2,920. The balance of $8,099.90 was made available as grants to assist departmental clubs and associations and also to subsidise staff recreational activities.

92.

и

Quite a number of recreational activities were organised by the Railway Social and Athletic Club, including annual spring dinner parties; visits to the Ocean Park; launch picnics and a buffet dinner. These activities were well supported by all levels of staff and their families, especially the visits to the Ocean Park which were participated by over 1,300 persons.

93.

The Club represented the Railway in the Inter-Departmental 4 x 100 Metre Relay for Men in the Annual Sports Day of the Civil Aid Services held on 11th December, 1977.

94.

The Workshops Canteen at Ho Tung Lau continued to be well patronised by staff of these shops.

17

D.M. Howes, M.B.E. General Manager, Railway

Summary of Financial Results for the past two years

APPENDIX I

No.

1976/77

1977/78

1

Route Kilometrage-Operated

34

34

2

Number of Passenger Journeys

12,210,985

14,490,912

M 4

3

Gross Railway Receipts

5 Gross Railway Expenditure

Operating Surplus

Kilograms of Goods Hauled

1,386,864,805 | 1,505,941,180

$ 38,907,789 $ 44,462,040 $34,797,733 $ 43,048,135

6

$

7

Net Fixed Assets

4,110,056 || $ 1,413,905 $238,148,274

8

Percentage of Operating Surplus to Net Fixed

Assets

1.73

243,993,836

0.58

9

Railway Operating Revenue

1976/77

1977/78

Passenger Receipts $15,612,030 $18,901,324

Goods Receipts

$19,089,798 $21,629,290

$ 34,701,828 $ 40,530,614

10

Railway Operating Revenue per Route Kilometre Operated

$

1,020,642 $ - 1,192,077

-

11

Percentage of Passenger Receipts to Gross Railway Receipts

40.13

42.51

12

13

ŵ

Percentage of Goods Receipts to Gross Railway Receipts

Revenue from Other Sources

49.06

48.65

1976/77

1977/78

Rentals

Incidentals

114,552

Central Mechanical

Workshops Services $ 59,076 $

123,630

Advertising

$ 1,388,365 $

900,072

$ 1,897,960 $2,256,136

32,802 $

$

LIBR

Interest Receivable $ 827,758 $ 537,036 $ 4,205,961 $ 3,931,426

Percentage of Revenue from Other Sources to

14

Gross Railway Receipts

10.81

8.84

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY

Operating Account for the year ended 31st March 1978

APPENDIX II

INCOME

Notes

1978

1977

$'000

$'000

Passenger services

Goods services

Rent and miscellaneous receipts

Subsidy for scholar tickets

2345

15,388

11,867

20,166

17,751

3,395

3,378

3,058

3,353

Income from postal service and other

government use

Interest receivable

67

6

1,918

1,731

537

828

EXPENDITURE

公共圖

44,462

38,908

Staff cost

21,090

17,581

General operating expenses

9

12,570

10,025

Contractor's work on goods services

10

3,823

3,199

Administration

11

1,640

1,539

Depreciation

12

3,925

2,454

43,048

34,798

SURPLUS during the year

Accumulated surplus brought forward

1,414

4,110

63,483

60,606

64,716

APPROPRIATIONS

Replacement reserve

Accumulated surplus carried forward

BLIC LIB 64,897

424

1,233

64,473

63,483

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY

Balance Sheet as at 31st March 1978

APPENDIX III

Notes

1978 $'000

1977 $'000

NET ASSETS EMPLOYED

Net fixed assets

Current assets

12

243,994

13

6,175

238,148 10,957

250,169

249,105

Current liabilities

14

1,177

1,527

248,992

247,578

FINANCED BY

Replacement Reserve

S

14,134

13,710

170,385 170,385

Revaluation Reserve

Accumulated Surplus

64,473

63,483

248,992

247,578

3.

4.

5.

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY

Notes to the Accounts

1. ACCOUNTING POLICIES

FIXED ASSETS

For all civil engineering works and buildings, the costs brought into account at the date of commission comprise the actual expenditure in the project vote. The costs of all other items of special expenditure are brought into account at date of commission or total costs to-date except for the land and buildings at Hung Hom which have been assessed by the Rating and Valuation Department.

DEPRECIATION

Depreciation is provided for on a straight-line basis at the following rates :-

Building

Bridges

2%

2%

Line Protection

2%

Tracks

2%

Signals and Switches.

2%

Telephones and Telegraphs

5%

Rolling Stock and Plant

2% - 20%

Land and tunnels are regarded as non-depreciating assets.

2.

PASSENGER SERVICES

RARIES

This is the income from passenger train working including first and ordinary class fares, excess fares, platform tickets, golfing tickets and air-conditioning tickets.

GOODS SERVICES

This is the income from freight traffic including terminal and handling charges.

RENT AND MISCELLANEOUS RECEIPTS

This includes rent from shops and other special rentals, advertising tenders and workshop manufacturing.

SUBSIDY FOR SCHOLAR TICKETS

This is the subsidy calculated from the sale of fixed rate scholar tickets in relation to the equivalent value of adult monthly tickets used between particular railway stations.

6.

INCOME FROM POSTAL SERVICES AND OTHER GOVERNMENT USE

This represents the income from carriage of postal freight and special trains or facilities provided for Government purposes.

7.

INTEREST

This item includes interest on Treasury Current Account calculated at a rate of 7 per cent per annum on the average balance at the beginning and the end of the financial year.

Interest on bank account

Interest on Treasury Current Account

8. STAFF COST

1978 $'000

1977 $'000

19

25

518

803

共圖

537

828

This item is the staff salaries and fringe benefic

9.

GENERAL OPERATING EXPENSES

Fuel, light and power

Stores and equipment

Maintenance

Rates

Duty

Provision for insurance

1978

1977

$'000

$'000

3,006

2,729

536

569

6,720

4,775

842

629

1,266

1,123

200

200

12,570

10,025

10. CONTRACTOR'S WORK ON GOODS SERVICES

This is the cost of the unloading and handling of terminal trains at freight yards.

11. ADMINISTRATION

An administration overhead charge has been included to reflect the cost of central administration which is concerned with -

(i) the establishment of policies within which Departments must

work; and

(ii) the provision of appropriate resources with which Departments

will be expected to operate.

12. FIXED ASSETS

Rolling

Stock,

Plant

Land Buildings

Tunnels Bridges

etc.

Total

$'000

$'000 $'000 $'000

$'000 $'000

COST

At 31.3.77 Additions

117,413

69,698 3,725

6,131

2,954

68,731 262,521

1,489

2,151 9,771

At 31.3.78

117,413

75,829 3,725

4,443

70,882 272,292

DEPRECIATION

At 31.3.77 Provision for

the year

At 31.3.78

NET BOOK VALUE

I

1,234

1,489

2,723

1

1

252 22,887 24,373

89 2,347 3,925

341 25,234 28,298

At 31.3.78

117,413

73,106 3,725 4,102 45,648 243,994

At 31.3.77

117,413

68,464 3,725

2,702

45,844 238,148

13. CURRENT ASSETS

Stock and Work in progress Debtors and Advances

Cash at Treasury Current Account

Cash at Bank and in hand

3' IC LIBRAR

1978 $'000

16

1977 $'000

71

1,010

642

4,606

10,202

543

42

6,175

10,957

14. CURRENT LIABILITIES

1978

1977

$'000

$'000

Provision for insurance Miscellaneous deposits Creditors

271

98

652

929

254

500

1,177

1,527

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY

Source and Application of Funds for the year ended 31st March 1978

APPENDIX IV

SOURCE OF FUNDS

Surplus before interest

Adjustment for items not involving the movement of funds :

Depreciation

$'000

1978 $'000 $'000

1977

$'000

$'000

$'000

877

3,282

3,925

Increase in balance sheet

provisions

TOTAL GENERATED FROM

4,975

OPERATIONS

E

FUNDS FROM OTHER SOURCES

Interest received

APPLICATION OF FUNDS

Capital expenditure

537

5,512

(9,771)

(4,259)

書館

IBRARIES

KONG PUBLIC LIBRA

INCREASE/DECREASE IN WORKING CAPITAL

Increase in advances and debtors

368

2,454

98

5,834

828

6,662

(8,739)

(2,077)

152

Decrease in miscellaneous

deposits

277

47

Decrease in creditors

246

258

(Decrease) in stocks and

work in progress

(55)

(2)

Movement in net liquid funds :

Increase (decrease) in :

Cash at bank and in hand

501

Cash at Treasury Current Account

(5,596) (5,095)

1

(2,533) (2,532)

(4,259)

(2,077)

$

00,000

APPENDIX V

Bar Chart of Revenue Collected from Commuter, Suburban

and International Services for the Year 1977/78

: Revenue from commuter service

ZZA: Revenue from suburban service

Revenue from international service

40

38

36

34

32

30

28

26

24

書館

LIBRARIES

HONG KONG PUBLIC

18

16

14

12

10

8

6

4

2

0

APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC

1977

JAN

FEB

MAR

1978

Profit Centres

Revenue :

Specific Cost

Terminals

Train Operation

Maintenance of Rolling Stock

Contractors' work

on Goods Services

Others

Total

Surplus

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY

Business Statement

for the year ended 31st March 1978

APPENDIX VI

Freight

Passenger Tenancies Advertising Others

Total

21,629,290 | 18,901,3242,120,038

900,072

911,31644,462,040

1,025,938

6,547,105

955,237

3,706,409

944,962

5,751,499

3,823,379

6,749,516 16,005,013

14,879,774 2,896,311 2,120,038

7,573,043

4,661,646

6,696,461

3,823,379

1,435

1,435

1,435 22,755,964

900,072909,881 21,706,076

|

Joint Cost

Headquarter

Administration

Workshop

Administration

Permanent Way

Structure

Signalling

Departmental

     Train Operation Depreciation

Rates

Duty

Provision for

Insurance

Stores handling

charges

Central Adminis-

tration Overhead

Total

Surplus after

deducting

Joint Cost

LIBRARIES

KONG PUBLI

PUBLIC LIBRA

2,142,324

647,703

5,744,347

3,112,655

660,568

73,798

3,925,549

841,800 1,265,776

173,154

361,080

1,343,417

20,292,171

1,413,905

ANALYSIS OF PASSENGER SERVICE

Part I Haulage

APPENDIX VII

Current Year (1977/78)

1976/77 Revenue

Types of Tickets issued

Passenger

Journey s

Passenger

Revenue

Kilometres

Passenger

Journeys

Percentage of

Passenger

Kilometres

Revenue

$

2,106,561.05 8,058,408.93

Standard :

First

Ordinary

....

1,046,973

8,569,926

27,446,292

3,069,338.50

7.22

9.27

16.24

177,962,054

10,102,417.70

59.14

60.10

53.45

Government :

105,985.20

First

46,204

1,134,559

134,706.40

0.32

0.38

0.71

187,684.70

Ordinary

148,817

3,791,564

221,599.75

1.03

1.28

1.17

Excess Fares :

106,892.25

103,116.30

Passengers travelling without tickets Others

58,732

1,174,640

135,039.65

0.40

0.40

0.71

153,222.35

0.81

960.00

Golfing Tickets

900

26,100

2,880.00

0.01

0.01

0.02

Monthly Tickets: (a)

157,881.80 654,165.60

First

Ordinary

73,360

702,280

4,068,303.00

6-month Scholar Tickets : (a) & (b)

3,843,720

1,463,960

12,400,200

70,715,560

189,208.00

0.51

0049

1.00

804,660.00

4085

4.19

4.26

3,873,764.00

26.52

23.88

20.50

(A) 15,549,958.83

11,805,089.93 3,744,868.90

(A) 15,549,958.83

Total Part I

14,490,912

296,114,929 |(B)18,686,836.35

100.00

100.00

98.87

Public

Goverment

15,173,680.20

3,513,156.15

(B) 18,686,836.35

ہے

Part II - Miscellaneous

Current Year (1977/78)

لا

1976/77 Revenue

$

41,818.50

20,253.00

62,071.50

15,612,030.33

Notes :

Particulars

Platform Tickets

Air-conditioned Tickets (c)

Total

-

Part II

Total Parts I and II

Revenue

$49,131.50

165,356.00

214,487-50

18,901,323.85

(a) In relation to monthly and scholar tickets, passenger journeys are based on 40 single journeys per month. (b)

The use of scholar tickets is restricted to Ordinary Class and for journeys on days other than Sundays and Public Holidays. They are not available to stations intermediate between designated stations.

kir-conditioned ticket. vere introduced with effect from 7th February. 1977.

Percentage

of

Revenue

0.26

0.87

1.13

100.00

1976/77

Revenue

SUMMARY OF PASSENGER TRAFFIC

Appendix VIII

Current Year (1977/78)

Number of

Percentage of

Inward

Nature of Traffic

or

Outward

passengers over three

years of age carried

Passenger Kilometres

Revenue

Number

Carried

Passenger

Revenue

Kilometres

$

1,666,855.00

1,642,360.10

) Bookings to and from ) Lo Wu

(

(Inward

(Outward

1,025,117 34,853,978 2,209,414.60

7.07

11.77

11.82

1,003,606 34,122,604

2,112,902.20 6.93

11.53

11.31

6,018,361.68 ) Stations other than 6,222,382.05 ) Lo Wu

Bookings to and from

(Inward

6,191,710 112,739,058

7,094,010.91 42.73

38.07

37.96

(

(Outward

6,270,479 114,399,289

7,270,508.64 43.27

38.63

38.91

15,549,958.83

Total

14,490,912 296,114,929 18,686,836.35 100.00

100.00

100.00

BRARIES

1976/77

Revenue

Nature of Goods

General Merchandise

ANALYSIS OF GOODS SERVICE

Part I - Goods Service (Merchandise and Livestock)

Current Year (1977/78)

L

Charged Weight in Kilograms

(Figures within parenthesis indicate actual

weight)

Appendix IX

Percentage of

Kilogram Kilometres

Revenue

Kilogram

Carried

Kilogram

Kilometres

Revenue

8,984,328.50 20,283.10

>Invoiced to and from )Lo Wu

(

Inward

Outward

1,354,598,925

(766,155,000)

46,056,363,450

10,490,222.80

89.95

89.95

58.92

853,835 (

853,835)

29,030,390

26,864.55

0.06

0.06

0.15

6.630.55

865.15

)Invoiced to and from

)stations other than Lo Wu

Inward

Outward

160,850 ( 2,570 (

160,850)

3,638,440

3,299.50

0.01

0.01

0.02

2,570)

51,015

450.60

Diesel Dil

2,043,342.80

Invoiced from Lo Wu

Inward

150,325,000

(143,153,000)

1,505,941,180

5,111,050,000

51,200,133,295

1,658,511.95

9.98

9.98

9.31

Livestock*

1,553,501.00

12,608,951.10

Invoiced from Lo Wu

Inward

1,910,612 Head

1,961,028.80

=====

14,140,378.20 100.00

==========

11.01

100.00

79.41

=====

1977/78

Revenue

Particulars

5,109,966.33

Handling Receipts

24,521.45

1,883.70

Baggage and Specie

Parcels

5,260.65

1,339,215.00

Vehicles and domestic animals Postal

6,480,847.13 Total Part II

-

19,089,798.23

Total

www

Parts I and II

Part II Goods Service (Miscellaneous)

B

Current Year (1977/78)

Revenue

IBRARIES

*Twenty livestock is approximately equivalent to one ton in weight.

Percentage

of

Revenue

12.12

36,777.80

0.21

2,169.35

0.01

0.03

8.22

20.59

5,981,181.40

5,503.10

1,463,280.00

7,488,911.65

21,629,289.85

100.00

Freight Traffic for the year 1977-78

APPENDIX X

Month

Upward (Tonnes)

Downward (Tonnes)

Total

April 77

57

101,356

May 77

101,413

72

98,590

June 77

98,662

78

112,616

July 77

112,694

81

123,224

August 77

123,305

September 77

October 77

November 77

December 77

January 78

February 78

March 78

HONG KO

♪ ♪ 2 2 2 5 2 2 8

128,121

128,194

140,599

140,674

152,229

152,281

152,601-

152,675

143,278

143,354

129,853

129,944

89,119

89,171

133,499

133,574

1,505,085

BRA

1,505,941

Note : Livestock is excluded from the above table.

Commodities imported from China by rail

APPENDIX XI

Apples

12,061

tonnes

Bamboo poles

2,131

10

Beer

Bran

Bars, steel

Bleaching powder

25,783

11

26,285

2,671

1,470

"R

Bricks

2,302

11

Candies

Canned goods

Cardboard.

1,655

11

14,098

11

7,129

Caustic soda

5,624

"

Cement

22,999

Chemicals

3,655

Chestnuts

2,388

11

Chillies, dried

2,092

#F

Chinaware

7,715

11

Chinese medicine

8,382

"I

Clay

3,339

11

Corn

8,951

Cotton clothing

11,386

11

Cotton piece goods

19,050

11

Cotton, raw

3,924

Cotton Yarn

14,424

11

Eggs

41,292

Embroideries

1,067

#1

Fish, fresh ...................

1,727

"

Fish, frozen

4.411

#

Fruits, dried

2,437

#

Furniture

12,415

Garlic, dried

2,825

"

Glass sheets

Glassware

Grapes

Ironware

6,484

*

1,976

2,265

5,862

11

Iron wire

Maize

3,436

2,714

=

Meat, frozen ....

26,995

"1

Meat, preserved

1,022

11

Melons

4,978

11

Metal ware

3,136

tt

Mineral water

1,922

tt

Newsprint

10,150

Oil, diesel

143,166

"

Oil, motor, lubrication

2,986

11

Oil, peanut

2,001

11

Oil, rape seed

3,407

11

Onions

10,347

11

Oranges ..

3,729

#1

Paint

Paper

Paper, toilet

Paraffin wax

1,308

16,599

11

9.983

#

2,400

Peanuts

Pears

Plums

1,023 tonnes

17,535

11

1,523

#1

Potatoes

Poultry, frozen

20,844 14,675

11

tt

Poultry, live

4,088

#t

Prawns, frozen

1,552

tt

Pressed wood

2,756

Roofing felt

2,696

"

Salt

3,618

11

Seafood, frozen

6,033

Shoes

3,057

11

Slate

1,066

11

Soap

1,906

#1

Soda

1,270

"

Starch

6,859

11

Stationery

3,114

11

Stones

1,149

Sundries

192,265

"

Tiles

12,188

Timber

7,973

Tomatoes

1,328

11

Towels

1,591

Turnips, fresh

.........

1,616

"

Vegetables, fresh

15,903

Vegetables, preserved

31,114

11

Water chestnuts

1,154

Wine

6,833 11

909,283 tonnes

C LIBRA

Appendix XII

Analysis of Train and Locomotive Kilometrage

(April 1977 - March 1978)

Diesel Electric

Kilometrage

Rail-bus Kilometrage

Classification

1976-1977

1977-1978

1976-1977

1977-1978

Passenger

508,426.30 552,956.98

Train

Goods

156,492.95

176,663.38

Kilometrage

Military Special

Ballast Train

Total Train Kilometrage

6,640.34

11,024.86

4,942

671,559.59

740,645.22

4,942

Train Kilometrage

671,559.59

740,645.22

Locomotive

Light Locomotive

4,860.78

5,526.93

Kilome trage

Shunting Locomotive

36,186.43

46,966.70

Total Locomotive Kilometrage

712,606.80

793,138.85

F

Previous Year

1976-1977

$1,538,264.97

Fuel Cost for Diesel Electric Locomotives

(April 1977

-

March 1978)

Appendix XIII

BLIC LIBRA

1. Total cost of diesel oil for main line running

Average cost per tonne

Current Year 1977 - 1978

$1,724,374.24

$

617.45

2.

$

2,626.5623

3.

3.74

Total weight of diesel oil for locomotives (tonnes) 4. Weight per locomotive kilometrage in kilogramines

617.45

2,968.1510

3.80

Previous Year

1976-1977

Consumption of Lubricants for Locomotives

A

(April 1977 March 1978)

Appendix XIV

Current Year

1977-1978

37013.21

36044.92

5.06

1. Total consumption of crank case oil (litre)

2. Consumption per 100 locomotive kilometrage in litres.

4.67

$2.40

$1.66

3. Average cost of crank case oil for diesel electric

locomotive per litre.

5 港

Rolling Stock

Kilometrage Statistics

(April 1977 March 1978)

HONG KONG

Previous Year

1976-1977

PU

Appendix XV

Current Year

1977-1978

$1.684

1. Average cost of repair per locomotive kilometre

(Labour and material only)

$1.590

$0.331

2. Average cost of passenger carriage repair per

vehicle kilometre. (Labour and material only)

$0.300

$2.27

3. Average cost of diesel fuel per locomotive kilometre

$2.31

$0.1213

4. Average cost of crank case oil per locomotive kilometre

$0.0776

Engine Number

Engine Type

1

2

Main Generator

Approximate Weight (Fully Loaded)

Number of Drivers

Fuel Oil

Lubricating Oil

Cooling Water

Sand

Diesel Elct

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

ONG

Bogie Centres

Driving Wheel Diameter

Bogie Rigid Wheel Base

Length over Head Stocks

CLASSIFICATION OF ROLLING STOCK

MOTIVE POWER

(April 1977

March 1978)

Height over Rail Level

Width over Handrails

Gear Ratio

ני

Locomotives

13

14

15

16

17 18 19

51

General Motors

71

52

G12-1125 H.P. 12 5670

D15

8

3500

627

773

10.84

8.08

1016

2.44 13.56

3.71

2.79

100

tonnes

litres litres litres

cubic

metres

63/14

2

2

22 years

& 8

metres mm metres metres metres metres

KPH

months

18,035 Kg.

25%

Adhesion

12,701

Kg.

385

53

General Motors

54

G12-1310 H.P.

D12

72

tonnes

8

3500 627 773 litres litres litres

55

12 5670

0.34

cubic

metres

8.08❘ 1016 2.44 metres mm metres

13.56 3.71 2.79 metres metres metres

20 years

63/14

100

3

1

3

& 8

KPH

months

18,289 Kg.

25%

Adhesion

13,290

Kg.

56

57

58

658

General Motors

G16-1800 H.P.

D32

98.3

tonnes

12

792

3019 755 litres litres litres

16 - 5670

0.

cubic

metres

16

1.28 1016 3.71 metres mm metres

17.27 3.96 2.82 metres metres metres

years

63/14

100

3

1

ليا

3

& 7

KPH

months

General Motors

59

G16-1800 H.P. 16 - 567C

D32

98.5

tonnes

12

2841 755 litres litres litres]

796

0.34

cubic

metres

11

metre

1016

3.71

metres

17.27 3.96 2.82 metres metres metres

63/14

100

11 years

1

1

ΚΡΗ

1

& 9

months

29,960 Kg.

30%

Adhesion

30,006 Kg.

30%

Adhesion

22,915

Kg.

8

General Motors G26CU-2000 H.P. 16 - 645E

98

D32T

12

tonnes

832

2841 755 litres litres litres

0.17

cubic

metres

9.77❘ 1016 3.71 metres mm metres

15.76 3.83 2.82 metres metres metres

63/14

100

-

1

J

1

ΚΡΗ

61

General Motors

G2 6CU-2000 H.P.

D32T

98

tonnes

12

832

4546 755 litres litres litres

62

16 - 645E

0.34

cubic

metres

9.77 1016 3.71 metres mm metres

3.83 15.76 2.82 metres metres metres

63/14

100

2

KPH

2

& 1

month

& 1

month

1 year

24,893 Kg.

25%

22,915

Kg.

4 years

24,893 Kg.

25%

Adhesion

22,861

Kg.

22,861

Kg.

Adhesion

12

1

12

120

Maximum Permissible Speed

Total Stock at the Beginning of the year

Additions during the year

Reductions during the year

Total Stock at the end of the year

Average Age of Class

Maximum Tractive Effort

21

APPENDIX XVI

22

23

24

Continuous Tractive Effort

Classification

APPENDIX XVII

CLASSIFICATION OF ROLLING STOCK

2

April 1977

-

PRE-WAR CARRIAGES

March 1978)

NOH

Total Stock at

Average Tare

Seating

of each Class

Capacity

the beginning

(Passenger)

of the year

Additions

during

the year

6

Reductions

during

the year

Total Stock

at the end of the year

8

Total Seating Capacity (Passenger)

Tonne

Ordinary Class Carriage

38.61

102

4

5

510

11

38.71

102

1

#1

=

37.64

102

3

3

1

"

36.17

124

1

2

3

372

19

=

36.17

124

1

1

=

"

11

=

=

=

36.17

124

1

-

36.48

104

1

=

=

36.48

104

3

4

416

3

Ordinary Class & Brake Composite Carriage

38.76

do -

36.73

BR

48

56

PRIE

Total:

14

---

all

48

1

56

9

14

1402

--

CLASSIFICATION OF ROLLING STOCK POST WAR CARRIAGES

2

-

(April 1977 - March 1978).

NOH

APPENDIX XVIII

Classification

Average

Tare of

Seating

Capacity

Total Stock at

the beginning

each class

(Passenger)

of the year

Additions

during

the year

Reductions

during

the year

Total Stock

at the end

of the year

Total Seating capacity (Passenger)

Tonne

First Class Carriage

42.83

72

7

7

504

First Class Carriage

37.90

80

11

1

10

800

First Class Carriage

37.90

70

(a)

1

70

First Class Carriage

48.41

68

2

2

136

First Class Compartment Carriage

50.04

64

3

Ordinary Class Carriage

45.37

118

10

Ordinary Class Carriage

45.37

118

1

3

192

CO

11

1298

1

Ordinary Class Carriage

41.45

122

11

11

1342

Ordinary Class Carriage

38.86

96

23

23

2208

Ordinary Class & Brake Composite Carriage

46.64

65

3

195

Ordinary Class & Brake Composite Carriage

42.62

69

IS

1

5

345

Ordinary Class & Brake Composite Carriage

38.86

84

I

I

6

504

82

?

cull

82

7594

Note:

(a) Seating Capacity changed from 80 to 70

CLASSIFICATION OF ROLLING STOCK

GOODS WAGONS

977

-

Mal

1978)

APPENDIX XIX

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

Overall

Classification

Length

Average

Tare of

Total Stock at

Carrying

the beginning

Capacity

of Wagon

each Wagon

of the year

Additions

during

the year

Reductions

during

the year

Total Stock at the end of the year

Total

Carrying

Capacity

Metre

Tonne

Tonne

Flat 45 3/4 metric ton

13.72

17.88

45.72

10

1

Flat 45 3/4 metric ton

13.72

19.30

44.71

1

Flat 80 ton

9.75

28.09

81.28

1

Lowsided Open 46 1/10 metric ton

13.72

18.90

46.08

10

Low sided Open 46 1/10 metric ton

12.19

19.30

44.71

1

Highsided Open 45 1/8 metric ton

13.72

19.91

45.11

20

Covered 44 3/4 metric ton

12.19

20.32

44.71

51

Brake Van 10 1/6 metric ton

10.67

19.46

10.16

5

57 55

Tonne

10

457.22

1

44.71

1

81.28

10

460.78

1

44.71

20

902.25

51

2280.02

50.80

BRAR

S

99

==

99

==

===

4321.77

CLASSIFICATION OF DEPARTMENTAL ROLLING STOCK

APPENDIX XX

(April 1977

March 1978)

1

2

Classification

Average

Tare of

65 Ton Break-down Crane

RB-3 Rail Bus, 6 cyl. Commer

Capacity 40 Passengers

Oil Tank Wagon

Length: 41′ - 1"

Capacity: 44 tons

Departmental Carriage $

No. 001 Seating Capacity 60

each Class

Tonne

88.40

XC

Storage Space

-

two 16'0" x 9'2"

Total Stock at

the beginning

of the year

4

Additions

during

the year

Reductions

during

the year

6

Total Stock at

the end of the

year

5.84

1

22.30

3

LIBRA

BRARIES

No. 002 Seating Capacity 48

Storage Space - one 16'0" x 9'2"

35.56

No. 003 Seating Capacity 20

Storage Space - one 16'0" x 9'2"

38.61

1

8

!

1

1

3

1

1

1

8

Items of Minor Civil Engineering Works

APPENDIX XXI

Track

The following minor works were carried out during the year :-

(a) All fishplates were inspected and greased. 622 lengths of 95R F.B.

rails, 6018 timber sleepers were renewed along the main line.

(b) 1025 pairs of fishplates, 2810 fishbolts and nuts, 6562 dog spikes

and 29100 Macbeth spikes were replaced on the main line.

(c) 5 sets of 18 ft. (5.5 m) switches, 8 sets of 15 ft. (4.6 m) switches, 14 sets of 1 in 10 crossings and 4 sets of 1 in 8 crossings were replaced.

(d) The new up line from Mong Kok to Kowloon Tong was welded so that there was only one fishplated joint in every three 36 ft. (11 m) rails.

Formation and Line Protection

(a)

The embankments and cuttings along the main line were well maintained. All fouling points and mile stones were repainted.

(b) The cutting slope at Mile 16 (26 km) was cut back in connection

with the excavation at the Hong Lok Yuen Borrow Area and the safety of the slope was much improved.

Signalling

of the

(a)

All signal wires and point mechanisms were maintained. indicates and speed restriction boards were repainted.

All point

(b) The colour light signalling system at Lo Wu Station was installed

in connection with the opening, of Stage I of the Lo Wu Marshalling

D Yard.

Tunnels

All tunnels were inspected and maintained in good order. All fastenings for the plastic sheet ceiling inside Tunnel No. 2 were checked and repaired. The side channels were also cleared.

Bridges

(a) Bridges No. 4, 6 and 9 were overhauled and repainted with epoxy

resin.

(b)

Reconstruction of Bridge No. 30 resumed after the requisite land clearance had been carried out by the District Office, Tai Po.

Road Level Crossings

(a)

(b)

Road level crossings at Mile 7, 9 and 19 (11.2 km, 14.4 km and 30.4 km) were repaired and the track underneath was repacked.

Road level crossings at Mile 132, 18 and 191⁄2 (21.6 km, 28.8 km and 31.2 km) were completely renewed.

Stations and Approach Roads

(a) All waiting shelters and/or latrines in stations at Mong Kok,

Sha Tin, University, Tai Po Kau, Tai Po Market, Fanling and Sheung Shui were repainted.

(b)

(c)

Part of the station platform at the eastern side of University Station was raised to facilitate passengers in boarding or alighting from trains.

A total of ten illuminated notice boards were installed in station buildings from Kowloon to Lo Wu.

(d) Parts of the approach roads inside Ho Tung Lau Workshops were

resurfaced with bituminous material.

(e)

The approach road for Fo Tan Sidings was reconstructed.

(f) An office was constructed at Lo Wu Station Yard for use by the

China Travel Services (Hong Kong) Ltd.

(g) Buffer stops at goods line Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 of Kowloon Station

were reconstructed.

Station Buildings and Staff Quarters

RA

(a) The roof of the running shed at Hung Hom was overhauled.

(b) The buildings of the Railway Workshops at Ho Tung Lau were repaired

and repainted.

(c) The station building at Mong Kok was repainted and the roof

overhauled.

(a) The staff quarters at Ko Shan Road were repainted and repaired.

LO WU PASSENGERS

1000-

800-

600

港公

HOO

GKO

200-

530,901

479,091

624,142

635,293

775,564

735,889

840,884

204,936

APPENDIX XXII

744,045

786,067

801,403

804,572

[1,003,606

1,025,117

71/72 72/73 73/74 74/75 75/76 76/77 77178

PASSENGERS TO CHINA

PASSENGERS FROM CHINA

15

13

TOTAL PASSENGERS

12

APPENDIX XXIII

11

=

PASSENGERS CARRIED CIN MILLIONS >

共圖書館

CAL

LOCAL PASSENGERS

ONG KONG PUBLIC LIBRARIES

4

3

69/70 70/71 71/72 72/73 73/74 74/75 75/76 76/77 77/78

FINANCIAL

YEARS

16.00

APPENDIX

1500-

1400-

1300-

1200

1100-

1000?

900

800

港公共圖

K

एग

ONG PUBLIC LIBRAR

GOODS C IN THOUSAND METRIC TONS >

700

600-

500

69/70 70/71 71/72 72/73 73/74 74/75 75/76 76/77 77/78

FINANCIAL YEARS

XXIV

REVENUE

CIN $1 MILLIONS >

24

23

22

21

20

19

18

A

17

共區

17

16

15

14

13

12

10

a

8

HONG

PASSENGER REVENUE

7

6

GOODS REVENUE

5

4

NETT PROFIT

3

2

APPENDIX XXV

LIBRAR

69/70 70/71 71/72 72/73 73/74 74/75 75/76 76/77 77/78

FINANCIAL YEARS

Organization of Kowloon-Canton Railway

(As at 31.3.78)

General Manager

Assistant General Manager

Assistant General Manager

General

Office

Railway Workshops Engineer (in charge)

Senior Engineer

Way & Works

Marketing Operating Terminals

Officer Manager Manager

General

Office

Drawing

Engineer

Development Engineer

Office

Stationmasters

Railway

Workshops

Engineer

Electrical

Engineer

Way & Works

Inspector

APPENDIX XXVI

Assistant General Manager

Training Project Treasury Departmental Manager Manager Accountant

Secretary

Assistant

Railway Workshops

Inspectors

General

Office

Assistant

Surveying

Team

Drawing

Office

Assistant

Way & Works Way & Works

Assistant Railway Workshops Inspector

Forman

Workshops

Running Shed

Locomotive Running

Inspectors

Inspector

Foreman

Foreman

Track

Welding

Team

Cleaning

Mechanical

Signals

Carriage & Wagon Building

Maintenance

Carriage Cleaning Power Signals

Maintenance Footplate Staff Train Examiners

Repair

Locomotive

Repair Electrical

Machine

Blacksmith

Foundry

Rigger

Painter

Carpenter

Departmental Secretary

Chi ne se

Language

Officer

Senior

Senior

Clerical

Clerical

Officer

Officer

Personnel

&

Accounts Pay

Office

Office

General

Registry

Ticket

Printing

Office

香港公共圖書館

HONG

GKONG PUBLIC LIBRARIES

香港公共圖書館

HONG KONG

With the

BR

ARIES

HOM

KONG

GOVARMIEM. IN FÓRMATION SERVICES

KONG PUBLIC

Reprography by the Government Printer, Hong Kong

213850-12L-5/79