九廣鐵路年報 Kowloon Canton Railway Annual Departmental Report 1971-1972

1971-72

URBAN COUNCIL PUBLIC LIBRARIES

Reference Library, Kowloon

GENERAL MANAGER, RAILWAY

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UBLIC LIBRAR

ANNUAL

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PARTMENTAL

KEPORT

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太港公共圖書館

HONG KONG

PUBLIC LIBRARI

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香港中央

馬專館

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HONG KONG

ANNUAL DEPARTMENTAL REPORT

 

BY THE

GENERAL MANAGER, RAILWAY,

P. H. LAM, I.S.O., B.Sc. (H.K.), M.Sc. (LONDON), D.I.C., C.ENG., F.I.C.E., M.B.I.M., J.P.

D.I.C.,

FOR THE

FINANCIAL YEAR 1971-72*

HONG KONG

BRARIES

PUBLIC LIBR

(HK) Hier

市政局公共圖書館 UCPL

3 3288 00822558 5

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY J. R. LEE, GOVERNMENT PRINTER

AT THE GOVERNMENT PRESS, JAVA ROAD, HONG KONG

* 1st April 1971 - 31st March 1972

HON

EXCHANGE RATES

When dollars are quoted in the 1971-72 Reports, they are, unless otherwise stated, Hong Kong dollars. At the 31st March 1972, the official rate for conversion to pounds sterling was HK$14.55 £1 (HK$1-approx. 7p). The official rate for conversion to U.S. dollars was HK$5.58=US$1.

URBAN COUNCIL PUBLIC LIBRARIES

Acc. No. NOT ACC'

UBL

Author

ARIES

LIBRAR

96107-9K-11/72

INTRODUCTION

GENERAL SURVEY

TRAFFIC.

ACCOUNTS

MECHANICAL WORKSHOPS

R

WAY AND STRUCTURES

STAFF

དབ

CONTENTS

共圖

Paragraphs

1 - 2

3 11

-

12 - 30

31 33

34 42

43 - 58

59 - 60

61

67

-XVIII

TRAINING

STAFF WELFARE

APPENDICES

62

ONG PUBLIC LIBR

iii

INTRODUCTION

THE General Manager, Railway, administers on behalf of the Hong Kong Government the British Section of the Kowloon-Canton Railway which runs from the Kowloon Station in Tsim Sha Tsui to Lo Wu on the Chinese border. The construction of this Section, which is 36 kilometres (22 miles) long and has a standard gauge of 1,435.9 mm. (4 feet 81 inches), commenced in 1906 and was completed in 1910. It was opened to traffic on 1st October, 1910, with through service to Canton com- mencing on 5th October, 1911.

passenger trains each

2. The daily traffic normally consists of way and an average of five goods trains. At weekends and public holidays additional passenger trains are put in service to cope with the increased demand. There has been no through passenger service between Kowloon and Canton since 1949 and passengers travelling to and from China must change trains at the border. Mail and goods wagons, however, travel through without transhipment. The running time between the two terminals in the British territory, including stops at seven intermediate stations, is about one hour.

GENERAL SURVEY

RAR

3. The increase in both goods and passenger traffic continued during the year and many new records were established (see Appendices IV and V) as shown below:

(a) Gross railway revenue at $19,306,077 was $2,827,687 more than

the record of $16,478,390 in 1970-71.

(b) Passenger revenue at $9,276,804 was $1,142,009 more than the

record of $8,134,795 in 1970-71.

(c) Goods revenue at $8,867,806 was $1,577,946 more than in 1970-71 and $718,277 more than the record of $8,149,529 in 1966-67.

(d) Number of passengers at 11,304,450 was 947,198 more than the

record of 10,357,252 in 1970-71.

1

(e) Goods tonnage at 1,052,830 metric tons was 175,328 more than in 1970-71 and 8,679 more than the record of 1,044,151 in 1966-67.

(f) Number of pigs imported by rail at 1,263,929 was 99,895 more

than the record of 1,164,034 in 1970-71.

4. Imports from China amounted to 1,051,192 metric tons, repre- senting 99.84% of the total goods traffic. This figure exceeded the previous records established in 1966-67 by 11,252 tons and was 175,760 tons more than the tonnage handled in 1970-71. The export tonnage was 681 metric tons compared with 796 last year. Goods carried within the Colony amounted to 957 metric tons compared with 1,273 last year.

5. The number of local passengers carried was 10,294,458 an increase of 583,031 over the previous year's total of 9,711,427, and was also a new record (see Appendix XVI). 1,009,992 persons travelled to and from China compared with 645,825 during the previous year, an increase of 56.39%.

ม.

6. The Railway suffered a loss amounting to $225,940 as a result of several typhoons. The most extensive damage was done by typhoon 'Rose', which passed through the Colony on 17th August, 1972, necessitating repairs to the Railway embankment and seawalls at vari- ous sections of the line. The train services during this typhoon were suspended for 6 hours.

7. Considerable difficulties continued to be experienced in handling the increasing number of passengers, particularly during peak hours and holidays, and it is apparent that traffic has now reached the maximum that can be carried by a single line and the existing rolling stock. The growth of population in the New Territories, as well as the probable increase in goods traffic and in the number of passengers travelling between Hong Kong and China, are bound to create further problems for this Railway. Various proposals to improve the situation were under examination during the year and, as a first step to provide better facilities for the travelling public, it has been decided to replace 28 old carriages with modern rolling stock. International tenders for the manufacture and supply of the new carriages will be invited in the 1972-73 financial year.

8. Construction of a new terminal railway station at Hung Hom, which will replace the existing terminus at Tsim Sha Tsui, commenced during the year.

2

9. A ticket printing and issuing machine manufactured by Bell Punch Co., Ltd., London was installed in the booking office of the Mong Kok Railway Station, resulting in greater efficiency.

10. His Excellency Sir David TRENCH, G.C.M.G., M.C., paid a farewell visit to the Railway on 20th August, 1971, shortly before his retirement.

11. His Excellency the Governor, Sir Murray MACLEHOSE, K.C.M.G., M.B.E., visited the Railway on 20th March, 1972.

TRAFFIC

12. Traffic earnings for the year under review amounted to $18,144,609 showing an increase of $2,719,954 over the previous year.

Comparative figures for the past four years are shown below:

1968-69 $14,218,032

1969-70 $15,099,803

1970-71 $15,424,655

1971-72 $18,144,609

13. Passenger Traffic. Local passenger journeys increased by 6%, while the number of passengers visiting China increased by 56.39%.

14. On Ching Ming Festival Day, 5th April, 1971, and Chung Yeung Festival Day, 27th October, 1971, in addition to the daily normal ser- vices of 34 trains, 31 and 26 special trains respectively were run to facilitate visits to the cemeteries at Wo Hop Shek and Sandy Ridge. On these two days, 100,013 and 65,451 passengers respectively (exclud- ing season and monthly ticket holders) were carried.

15. On Dragon Boat Festival Day, 28th May, 1971, 21 special trains were added to the normal daily train services to transport spectators to the Dragon Boat Races held at Yuen Chau Tsai in Tai Po. On that day, 53,452 passengers were carried to all stations.

16. On Mid-Autumn Festival Day, 3rd October, 1971, 19 special trains were added to the normal daily train services for picnickers going to the New Territories. On that day, 56,561 passengers were carried to all stations.

17. On 17th February, 1972, the Third Day in the First Moon of the lunar calendar, which was the peak of railway travel during the

3

Chinese New Year period, a total of 91,272 passengers was conveyed to all stations.

18. The figures for passenger traffic, showing the number of journeys and revenue, appear in Appendix IV.

19. Goods Traffic. There was a large increase in goods traffic during the year. Comparative figures for the past four years are as follows:

1969-70

1971-72

Carriage of general merchandise...

1968-69

$5,505,501

$5,762,694

1970-71 $5,839,228

$7,044,690

(819,354)

(889,396)

(877,502)

(1,052,830)

(Metric tons)

(Metric tons)

(Metric tons)

(Metric tons)

Other goods services (handling charges,

baggage, parcels, etc.)

$1,315,845

$1,409,107

$1,450,632

$1,823,116

Total goods revenue

$6,821,346

$7,171,801

$7,289,860

$8,867,806

20. The principal commodities imported by rail into Hong Kong during the year under review are shown below:

year

Apples

Bamboo poles

Bars, steel

Beans

Bean noodles

Beer

Bran

Bricks

Calcium carbonate

Candies

Canned goods

Cardboard

Caustic soda

Cement

Chemicals

Chestnuts

Chinaware

Chinese medicine Coal

Commodes

Cotton clothing

39,505 metric tons

2,709 . 13,232

15

>

>>

,801

""

1,086 42,648

"

>

95

2,423 1,612 2,977 3,082 13,426

1

""

"

19

93

""

"

21

"

4,784 8,550 1,200 2,609 2,856 6,568

19

""

19

**

19

59

""

""

""

""

5,867

1,934

12

>>

1,411

""

""

4,965 24,726

19

"

"

多多

PUBLIC LIBR

Cotton piece goods

Cotton yarn

Earthenware

Eggs

Embroideries

75

31

"

"

Fish, frozen

Fruits, dried

Furniture

8,238 1,176 40,970 1,345 5,378 2,088 9,306

""

19

Garlic, dried

Glass sheets

2,569 9,278

49

"

""

"

Glassware

3,154

Grapes

11

"

...

3,089

99

Ironware Iron wire

7,851 metric tons

Maize

7,171 4,055

25

***

وو

Matches, safety

1,382

"

55

Meat, frozen

27,605

""

Meat, preserved

1,630

*

19

Melons

Metalware

Nails

Newsprint

Oil, rape seed

Onions

2,168

55

3,714

""

1,475

""

"

9,393

""

18,988

"

"

6,906

>>

Oranges

Paper

Paper, toilet

Peaches

Pears

Potatoes...

Poultry, frozen

Poultry, live

Pressed wood

Rice

Roofing felt

Salt

Shoes

Slate

Soap

Soda

:

NO KONE

Starch Stationery

Tiles

Timber

Tomatoes

Turnips

Vegetables, fresh

Vegetables, preserved

Wine

8,122

26,747

22

59

6,077

**

1,155

"

99

42,736 15,599

53

"

9,461

3,154

5

サラ

8,530

1,020

2,965

"

4,728

2,682

""

1,741

1,068

3,879

2,413

J

4,272 17,753

**

2,557

1,472

2,930

55

17,013

27

爷爷

...

1,018 5,387

""

19

S

21. The figures of livestock imported by rail for the same period are as follows:

Buffaloes

Cows

Goats Pigs ...

987 head 33,007

292 1,263,929

*

25

5

No. of wagons

22. A total of 7,605 cold storage wagons was sent over to the British Section by the Chinese Section, containing the following goods:

Description of goods

Weight in metric tons

128

Chestnuts

2,338

1,911

Eggs

...

28,814

251

Fish

...

:

5,378

2,649

Fresh fruits

48,004

1,202

Meat

...

27,605

53

Meat, preserved

1,120

430

Poultry

9,461

34

Prawns

748

18

Sea shells

19

Sundries

910

Vegetables

共區

287

446

10,997

7,605

135,198

23. During the year under review, among the goods transported to China by rail were 46 metric tons of sewing machines and 20 metric tons of newspapers.

24. 5,447 metric tons of mail and mail packets, compared with 5,384 metric tons in the preceding year, were conveyed by rail to China for the Post Office. This amount was distributed fairly evenly over the whole year.

25. Details relating to goods traffic appear in Appendix V.

26. Operation. Train punctuality for the year under review was not at all satisfactory. This was caused partly by the imposition of speed restrictions on trains for the construction of Cross-harbour Tunnel Road Connections and Ho Man Tin Road Extension, and for repairs to Railway Bridges Nos. 20 and 22, and partly by the running of more special passenger trains and goods trains on this single line railway.

Trains on time ...

Trains delayed for less than 5 minutes Trains delayed for 5 minutes and over

Total No. of passenger trains run

6

No. of scheduled passenger trains

Percentage

4,373

35.10

3,671

29.47

4,414

35.43

12,458

100.00

27. A total of 5,278 special trains was run during the year as against 4,663 in the previous year, an increase of 13.19%. The number and types of special trains run for the year under review are as follows:

Goods (loaded)... Goods (empty) Passenger

Passenger (empty)

Military ...

Ballast trains

Up

Down

Total

1,859

1,859

1,535

1,535

528

521

1,049

351

352

703

2

2

4

64

64

128

2,480

2,798

5,278

28. Fares and Rates. There was no revision of fares and goods rates in general during the year. From 2nd July to 31st August, 1971, as in the past four years when schools were closed for the summer holidays, special half-fare student tickets were issued for train journeys from Kowloon Terminal and Mong Kok to the New Territories Stations and from the New Territories Stations to the Kowloon Terminal and Mong Kok. Altogether 13,640 such tickets were sold.

29. With effect from 1st October, 1971 the special concession tickets for the military personnel and their dependants were cancelled.

30. Accidents. The following railway accidents occurred during the period under review:

Trespassers injured by trains

Trespassers killed by trains

(Note: 4 out of the 6 trespassers killed by trains were suspected to

have committed suicide.)

Passengers injured by trains

Passengers killed by trains

J.

Passengers injured by the bridge girders

Staff injured on duty

Derailments

Е

Collision of stationary empty goods lorry and overshooting goods

wagons

9

6

18

1

1

3

2

1

ACCOUNTS

31. A record gross operating revenue of $18,259,051 was earned by the Railway during the year. The Gross Operating Receipts from Passenger Traffic amounted to $9,276,804, from Goods Traffic

7

$8,867,806 and from Workshop Services $114,441 representing increases of 14.04%, 21.65% and 20.28% respectively compared with the previous year. The Nett Profit amounted to $2,490,143, an increase of $1,140,334 over the previous year.

32. Increases in fixed assets during the year included $599,238 for the installation of a new power signalling system between the University and Tai Po Kau Stations and $56,087 for the provision of additional workshop equipment. Various improvements to existing facilities such as strengthening of Bridge No. 20, extension of a fence at Sha Tin Station, provision of new nickel-cadmium batteries in carriages, etc. amounting to $406,128 were carried out during the year.

33. The Accounts and supporting data are published in Appendices I to V to this report.

MECHANICAL WORKSHOP

34. All locomotives, rolling stock, electrical and mechanical equip- ment, machinery and plant were maintained to a good standard during the year.

35. Locomotives. Forty-six 5,000 mile inspections, thirty-three 10,000 mile inspections, seven 30,000 mile inspections, six 60,000 mile inspections and two 720,000 mile inspections were performed on the nine diesel electric locomotives. Locomotives Nos. 53 and 55 had their main generator commutators ground, part of the control wiring replaced, traction motors overhauled and the liners, pistons and lower main bearings of the diesel engine renewed. All cylinder liners, pistons and lower liner inserts of locomotive No. 54 were renewed. Locomotive No. 51 had its wheels replaced, running gears overhauled and traction mo- tors reconditioned. The harmonic balancers of locomotives Nos. 53 and 55 were rebuilt with new spring packs. The high dispersancy oil recently adopted for diesel engine lubrication was found very satisfac- tory during the year. Although it is premature at this stage to gauge its effect on wear reduction, a moderate cost advantage was realized as this high dispersancy oil was found to have lasted longer before an oil change was required. Consequently savings resulting from lower consumption were more than sufficient to offset the higher price of the oil.

36. The availability factor of the diesel locomotives was 88.52% compared with 86.82% in the previous year. This was attributable to

8

further improvements in the planned control of work schedules and less major repairs falling due in the period under review. Adequate motive power was made available at all times to cope with the new record volume of traffic which amounted to an increase of 34,856 locomotive kilometres over the previous year.

37. The maintenance cost of the diesel electric locomotives was $0.677 per km. compared with $0.678 per km. in the previous year.

38. Carriages and Wagons. All carriages and wagons were main- tained to an efficient state. In addition to routine maintenance and repair, 16 carriages and 4 wagons were overhauled and painted; 39 carriages and 10 wagons were given an intermediate examination and repair which comprised the machining of wheel tyres and the recondi- tioning of electrical equipment and running gears.

39. Breakdown Crane. The breakdown crane was overhauled and repainted.

40. Electrical Work. All electric lighting, power signals and other electrical equipment on the railway were maintained to good order. New power signals were installed at the University and Tai Po Kau Stations to replace the old mechanical signals.

41. Work Done for other Government Departments. A consider- able amount of work was completed for other Government Departments. The more important items included the manufacture of 86 iron castings, 104 bronze castings, 8 sets of phosphor-bronze strainers, 100 guide rails, 3 hot water cylinders, 2 winch buckets and the repair of 123 items of hospital equipment.

42. Statistics. The average consumption of diesel oil was 3.09 kg. per engine km. compared with 3.12 kg. per engine km. in the previous year. Statistical statements relating to the analysis of train and locomo- tive running, fuel oil running expenses, consumption of lubricants, the cost of repair to locomotives, carriages and wagons will be found in Appendices VI to IX while classifications of rolling stock are at Appendices X to XIII.

WAY AND STRUCTURES

43. Maintenance. The cost of maintenance of way and structures had risen considerably. The local maintenance contract rates in 1971-72 were 80% higher than those in the year before. The increase in cost

9

of commonly used permanent way material purchased from abroad varied from 11% to 71% when two consecutive orders were compared.

44. Perhaps the most pressing problem to the Way and Works Section was the shortage of staff in the lower echelon. It was difficult not only to attract suitable candidates to fill the vacancies but also to retain the services of the existing staff. The number of staff leaving on resignation and retirement during the year exceeded the number of staff recruited. At the end of the year the staff in the grades of labourers and platelayers was 20% below strength. Under the existing pay structure the manpower problem would seem likely to persist. In order to main- tain the railway tracks to a reasonably good standard, the staff had to work overtime although this was only a palliative. Consideration is being given to the introduction of more mechanization in track main- tenance.

с

45. The problem of corrosion caused by corrosive liquid discharged from cold storage wagons of the Chinese Section was still a matter of concern for the maintenance staff. Since the beginning of last year all new rails were painted with a view to prolonging their service life against corrosion. A small quantity of galvanized fastenings had been ordered for trial use.

46. Track. The following works were carried out during the year: (a) The main line track was maintained to a good standard. All fishplates were carefully inspected and greased. 965 lengths of 95-lb. rails and 9,370 timber sleepers were renewed. 1,730 cubic yards of stone ballast were replenished.

Q

(b) 830 pairs of fishplates, 2,790 numbers of fishbolts and 4,280 numbers of dogspikes were replaced and 34,100 numbers of Macbeth spikes were used on the main line.

(c) One set of 1 in 10 turnout, one set of 1 in 8 turnout and one set of 1 in 8 crossing were renewed at Hung Hom. 4 sets of 1 in 10 crossings were renewed at Hung Hom, Tai Po Kau and Sha Tin. One set of 18-ft. switches was renewed at Kowloon Station Yard.

47.

Formation and Line Protection.

The embankments and cuttings along the main line were well maintained. 2,830 cubic yards of earth were sent out by ballast trains to repair the shoulders of the embank- ments along the line.

All the mile, kilometre and gradient posts were repainted.

10

48. Signalling. The gantries, brackets and arms of all signals along the line and all point indicators were overhauled and painted with defective component parts replaced.

49. Tunnels. A section of the leaked roof inside Railway Tunnel No. 2 was repaired by injecting cement/sand grout into the interstices between the bricklining and the rock surface.

50. Bridges. The following works were carried out during the year: (a) All the stone arches of Railway Bridge No. 11 except half-width of the southernmost span were strengthened with reinforced concrete in connection with Shing Mun River Flood Control Scheme.

(b) The stone arches of Railway Bridge No. 19 were strengthened

with reinforced concrete.

(c) The piers at Railway Bridge No. 20 were strengthened with re- inforced concrete as the old concrete of the piers was found to be in the process of disintegration. The steel superstructure of the bridge was also overhauled including renewal of corroded parts. (d) The steel superstructure of Railway Bridge No. 22 was over-

hauled, including renewal of corroded parts.

51. Road Level Crossings.

(a) A temporary road level crossing 25 feet wide was constructed at Railway Mileage 153 to facilitate the transportation of material across track for the Plover Cove Water Scheme.

(b) The road level crossings at Running Shed Line, north of Sheung Shui Station, Kowloon Terminal, Miles 7, 8 and 9 were repacked and the defective fastenings were renewed.

(c) The road level crossings at Miles 13 and 19 were overhauled

including renewal of timber deckings and fastenings.

(d) The road level crossing gates at Miles 7, 9, 134 and 18, Fanling

Station and north of Sheung Shui Station were re-furbished.

52. Station Yards and Platforms.

(a) The waiting shelters at Sheung Shui, Tai Po Market and Mong

Kok Stations were overhauled.

(b) The access road to Mong Kok Goods Yard was re-surfaced.

11

53. Station Buildings. The station building at Kowloon Terminal, the Signal Cabin and the Running Shed at Hung Hom were overhauled and redecorated.

54. Staff Quarters. The following staff quarters were renovated: (a) Gate huts at Miles 7, 9, 131, 18 and 19.

(b) 28 units of staff quarters at Luen Wan Street.

55. New Works and Improvements.

(a) A new cross-over between new No. 1 and old No. 1 tracks at Lo Wu Station was constructed to facilitate shunting of trains. (b) The fence at north of Sha Tin Station was extended to improve the black spot where a number of trespassers had been injured or killed by passing trains.

(c) The pedestrian footpath under Railway Bridge No. 8 was im- proved, including re-surfacing and provision of street lighting. (d) The existing pale fences along Peace Avenue was heightened to

stop people from dumping refuse on to Railway land.

(e) A septic tank was constructed at Ganghut No. 6.

56. Typhoon Damage. Typhoons Lucy and Rose, which passed over the Colony on 22nd July and 17th August, 1971 respectively caused a bad landslide in a cutting over the Railway track, and damage to seawalls and buildings. The cost of the necessary repairs amounted to $225,940.

57. Railway Land. The following areas of railway land were let for various purposes:

D

Description UBLI

هر

Area (sq. ft.) Annual Rental

$

(a) On Permits

Club House and Sports Ground

121,576

20.00

Motor Car Garage and Service Station

13,983

10,988.00

Storage ...

51,020

13,684.00

Cultivation and Gardening

957,674

3,799.00

Various Other Purposes

220,448

20,737.00

1,364,701

49,228.00

(b) On Tenancy Agreements

Total

:

22,455

83,000.00

1,387,156

132,228.00

12

58. Advertising Space. Advertising space let during the year was 9,490 square feet to a total value of $557,583.37.

STAFF

59. The establishment of the Railway as at 31st March, 1972 was as follows:

234 pensionable officers

490 non-pensionable officers

724

There was an increase of 4 from the previous year.

60. 16 officers retired after serving in the Railway for periods rang- ing from 13 to 43 years. Mr. FUNG Chee, Assistant Railway Workshops Inspector, who retired on 23rd November, 1970, was honoured by the award of the British Empire Medal by Her Majesty the Queen after 43 years' service.

TRAINING

61. Departmental in-service training has continued to be promoted at all levels. 30 officers from the Traffic Section and one from the Way and Works Section attended first aid courses conducted by the St. John's Ambulance Association and Brigade and passed the requisite examinations. Four apprentices completed their indentures and were awarded certificates of apprenticeship.

STAFF WELFARE

LIB

62. Leave. The earned leave granted to officers during the year for a total staff of 724 amounted to:

3,697 days vacation leave

8,054 days casual leave

Total sick leave for the year on full and half pay amounted to 1,643 days.

63. Credit Union. The Credit Union of the Railway Workshops had membership of 48. Outstanding loans amounted to $34,585.00 at the close of the year.

13

I

1

i

1

1

.

64. Railway Club. The Railway Club, run entirely on subscrip- tions from railway staff continued to flourish. In March 1972 there were 307 members.

65. Sports. The Railway Club's representatives participated in the inter-departmental relay races at the annual sports meetings held by the Civil Aid Services, the Fire Services and the Royal Hong Kong Police Force. The Club's football team took part in several miniature football tournaments. The annual intra-departmental miniature football competition for the 'U-lam' Cup was won by the Running Shed Team for the fourth consecutive year.

66. Education. The Railway Club School provided places for 432 students, aged from 6 to 16 years, in 12 classes ranging from Primary I to Form III with parallel Primary 5 to 6 and Form I classes. The pupils' attendance was good with an average of 89.3%. After completing the primary course 23 pupils continued their education in the Secondary sector of the Railway Club School after passing the requisite examina- tions. Four of them were allocated free places.

67. Canteen Facilities. The Club's canteen at Hung Hom and the Railway Workshops' canteen at Ho Tung Lau, Sha Tin, provided. inexpensive meals for a large number of Railway staff.

с

14

P. H. LAM, General Manager, Railway.

CLIB

Head

No.

SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL RESULTS FOR THE PAST THREE YEARS

1.

Route Kilometrage-Operated

2.

Gross Railway Receipts

Railway Operating Revenue

4.

Railway Operating Expenditure

5.

Nett Operating Revenue

6.

7.

Capital Investment

8.

9.

ONCH

Percentage of Railway Operating Expenditure to Railway Operating Revenue

Percentage of Nett Operating Revenue to Capital Investment Railway Operating Revenue per Route Kilometre Operated 10. Railway Operating Expenditure per Route Kilometre Operated Passenger Receipts

Percentage of Passenger Receipts to Gross Railway Receipts

Number of Passenger Journeys

Percentage of Goods Receipts to Gross Railway Receipts

APPENDIX I

1969-70

1970-71

1971-72

36

36

36

$15,999,605 | $16,478,390

$19,306,077

$15,170,761 | $15,519,804 $11,313,332 $13,046,506

$18,259,051 $14,087,340

$ 3,857,429 $ 2,473,298

$ 4,171,711

74.57

84.06

77.15

$27,972,861

$26,364,467

$24,836,877

13.79

9.38

16.80

421,410 $ 431,106 $ 507,196

$ 314,259 $ 362,403 $

$ 7,928,002

49.55

10,299,164 $ 7,171,801

44.83

11.

12.

13.

14.

Goods Receipts

15.

16.

Tons of Goods Hauled!

17.

Revenue from other sources

1969-70

1970-71

1971-72

Rentals

$377,709

$448,397

$471,271

Incidentals

$ 15,649

$ 18,265

$ 17,733

Central Mechanical Workshops

Services.

$ 70,958

Advertising

$430,286

$ 95,149

$491,295

$114,441

$557,583

Sale of Surplus and Condemned Stores

$ 5,200 $ 629 $ 439 $

889,396

391,315

$ 8,134,795 | $ 9,276,804

49.37

10,357,252 $ 7,289,860

48.05

11,304,450 $8,867,806

44.24

45.93

877,502

1,052,830

899,802 $ 1,053,735 | $ 1,161,467

15

18.

Percentage of Revenue from other sources to Gross Railway Receipts

5.62

6.39

6.02

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY

OPERATING ACCOUNT-YEAR ENDED 31ST MARCH, 1972

APPENDIX II

Expenditure

1971-72

1970-71

S

Revenu

1971-72

1970-71

$

$

$

$

Traffic Expenses

Traffic Running Expenses 1,767,531;

1,576,891

Traffic Salaries and

General Expenses

2,897,243 4,664,774 2,828,280

Passenger Services 4,405,171||Goods Services

9,276,804

8,134,795

!

8,867,806

7,289,860

Maintenance

Workshop Services

114,441 18,259,051, 95,149 15,519,804

Mechanical

2,972,404

Way and Structures

3,906,736

Rainstorm Damage

2,603,430 6,879,140 3,687,517 225,940

6,290,947

35,398

Depreciation

Plant

85,914

Rolling Stock

1,551,820

83,099

1,563,820

Other

679,752 2,317,486| 668,071

2,314,990

14,087,340

13,046,506

Gross Operating Profit C/F

4,171,711

2,473,298

15,519,804

18,259,051

15,519,804

16

18,259,051

PROFIT & LOSS ACCOUNT-YEAR ENDED 31ST MARCH, 1972

Expenditure

1971-72

$

Administrative and General Expenses and Salaries

488,526

1970-71

$

487,870

Revenue

1971-72

1970-71

$

$

$

$

Gross Operating Profit

4,171,711

2,473,298

Loss on disposal of Fixed Assets

Rents and Incidental

179,717

Revenue

1,046,587

957,957

Contribution in lieu of

Proceeds of Sales of Surplus

Rates and Duty

1,166,792

Rent

820,000

Stores Charges

70,265

1,071,594

820,000

68,303

Stores.

439

629

Profit on disposal of Fixed

Assets

1,047,026

371,646]

1,330,232

Payment for damage to

other Railways' rolling

stock, etc.

3,294

2,728,594

5,954

2,453,721

Nett Profit C/Fwd. to

Balance Sheet

2,490,143

1,349,809

5,218,737

3,803,530

5,218,737|

3,803,530

17

APPENDIX III

As at 31st March, 1971

Nett Book

Value

$

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY

BALANCE SHEETS AS AT 31ST MARCH, 1971 AND 1972

ΚΟ

ASSETS

At Cost

$

As at 31st March, 1972

Depreciation Nett Book to date

$

Value

3,467,692

1,355,893

159,736

9,517

3,483,309

1,449,505

Fixed Assets

Tunnels

Bridges

Line Protection

Telegraphs and Telephones

Tracks

Signals and Switches

Buildings

7,103,619

1,187,205

8,147,991

Plant

26,364,467

Rolling Stock

28,588

6,059,526

841,088

242 6,929,444

Current Assets.

Cash

Treasury Current Account

Advances and Sundry Debtors

Workshop Manufacturing Account

33,293,911

LIABILITIES

3,724,830

390,511

3,334,319

709,800

156,450

1,553,350

172,024

18,432

153,592

29,179

1,089

28,090|

3,749,577

400,242

3,349,335

2,189,799

238,584 1,951,215

7,639,726

788,187

6,851,539

2,509,465

1,351,009

1,158,456

32,866,932,

26,409,951

6,456,981

24,836,877

54,591,332 29,754,455

300,410

10,402,833

160,447

113 10,863,803

35,700,680

Accumulated Funds

Balance of Profit & Loss A/C B/Fwd.

31,493,804] 1,349,809

As at 1.4.71

32,843,613

Current Liabilities

450,298

33,293,911|

Miscellaneous Deposits

RIES

32,843,613

2,490,143 35,333,756

366,924

35,700,680

ANALYSIS OF PASSENGER SERVICE

APPENDIX IV

PART I

Previous Year

Current Year

(April 1971

March 1972)

Percentage of

Revenue

$

Ordinary:

482,723.55 First

Kinds of Ticket Used

Passenger

Journeys

Passenger Kilometres

Revenue

Total

Passenger

Journeys

Total

Passenger

Total

Kilome- Passenger

Revenue

tres

$

333,070

5,992,930

628,754.00

2.95.

2.97

6.78

892,741.40 Second

804,354

13,278,072

1,125,390.15

7.12

6.59

4,565,870.34

Third

Government:

12.13

6,059,656

105,098,284

5,079,319.53

53.60

52.16

54.75

64,938.50 First 143,177,85

Second

90,464.15 Third

29,603

622,457:

67,863.20

0.26

0.31

0.73

97,667|

1,609,306

167,817.75|

0.86

0.80

1.81

76,128

1,370,304

88,971.00

0.67

0.68

0.96

Excursion:*

520.00 First

22

682

55.00

201.40 Second

38

1,178

72.20

63.80 Third

216

6,430

268.75

21,600.50 Platform Tickets

60,496|

30,248.00

0.54

0.33

91,404.15 Excess Fares

136,684.25

1.47

Season & Monthly Tickets:

51,650.00

First

73,160

1,190,040

84,222.45

0.65.

0.59

0.91

226,796.60

Second

722,356.05 Third

768,786.25

Scholar Tickets

11,500.00

Golfing Tickets

R

340,800 5,734,830

271,735.55|

3.02

2.85;

2.93

1,338,960

27,521,280

774,866.35 11.84

13.66

8.35

2,087,280

38,971,640

813,035.50

18.46

19.34

8.77

3,000

93,000

7,500.00

0.03

0.05

0.08

Total-Part I.

(A) 8,134,794.54'

7,442,230.69 692,563.85

(A) 8,134,794.54

* These tickets were abolished with effect from 1st October, 1971.

11,304,450

201,490,433 (B) 9,276,803.68|

100.00

100.00

100.00

Public

Government

8,539,796.73

737,006.95

(B) 9,276,803.68

18

PASSENGER SERVICE

PART II

APPENDIX IV-Contd.

Current Year

Previous Year

(April 1971

March 1972)

Percentage of

Inward

Number of

Revenue

Passenger Traffic

or

Passenger

Passenger Kilometres

Revenue

Outward Carried

Pas-

Number senger Carried Kilo- metres

Reve-

nue

$

A

$

Passenger Service

446,130.60.

Inward

479,091 15,161,873] 700,126.90

4.24

7.52

7.55

Bookings to and from Lo Wu

478,407.10 |

Outward

530,901

7,516,525 761,360.30

4.70

8.69

8.21

21,600.50

Platform Tickets

60,496

30,248.00 0.53

0.33

3,567,537.05

Inward

Bookings to and from stations other than Lo Wu

5,078,105

84,273,429 3,848,886.45

44.92

41.83

41.48

3,621,119.29

Outward

5,155,857 84,538,606 3,936,182.03 45.61 41.96

42.43

19

8,134,794.54

Total

BRAR

11,304,450 201,490,433 9,276,803.68 100.00 100.00

100.00

20

20

ANALYSIS OF GOODS SERVICE

PART I - Goods Service (Goods) Current Year (April 1971 - March 1972)

APPENDIX V

Previous Year

Percentage of

Kilo-

Revenue

Kinds of Goods

Number of Kilograms Kilogram carried Kilomètres

Kilo-

Revenue

gram Reve-

grams

Carried

Kilo- nue metres

$

$

General Merchandise

5,813,801.05

8,996.25

Invoiced to and from

Inward 1,051,192,260 36,795,519,420

Outward

680,640

23,615,620

Invoiced to and from

8,941.10

Inward

507,130

13,396,810

7,489.10

stations other than

Outward

449,940

Lo Wu

11,624,480;

7,028,871.90

6,523.15 5,154.60 0.05 0.04 0.06 4,140.15] 0.04 0.03 0.05

99.84 99.87 79.26

0.07 0.06 0.07

(A) 5,839,227.50|

Total--Part I

1,052,829,970| 36,844,156,330|(B) 7,044,689.80 100.00 100.00 79.44

5,827,746.50

(A) 5,839,227.50

Public

11,481.00

Government

...

7,044,689.80

(B) 7,044,689.80

PART II - Goods Service (Other)

Previous Year

Revenue

Current Year (April 1971

March 1972)

Percentage of

Particulars

$

1,281,268.82 Handling Receipts 13,934.95 | Baggage and Specie 1,399.35 Parcels

14,787.25 Carriage and Animals 4,229.95 Lavatories

135,012.60 Postal

1,450,632.92;

7,289,860.42

Total-Part II

Total-Part I and II

BRARIES

Reve-

Revenue

nue

$

1,642,202.65

18.52

21,506.20

0.24

1,556.70

0.02

15,220.80

0.17

4,744.60

0.05

137,884.80

1.56

1,823,115.75

20.56

8,867,805.55|

100.00

APPENDIX VI

ANALYSIS OF TRAIN AND LOCOMOTIVE KILOMETRAGE

Classification

Train

Passenger Goods

(APRIL 1971

MARCH 1972)

Diesel Electric

Kilometrage

Kilometrage Military Special.....

Ballast Train

Rail-bus Kilometrage

1970-71 1971-72 1970-71 1971-72

519,645.86 527,959.57

125,896.21 141,933.11

131.94

10,429.55 9,288.75 3,213.00

5,779

Total Train Kilometrage

Train Kilometrage

655,971.62 679,313.37 3,213.00 5,779

655,971.62 679,313.37

Locomotive

Light Locomotive

Kilometrage

22,315.20 30,060.95

Shunting Locomotive

47,504.13 51,272.37

Total Locomotive Kilometrage

725,790.95 760,646.69

HON

RIES

APPENDIX VII

1

1

COST FOR RUNNING DIESEL ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVES

(APRIL 1971 March 1972)

Previous Year

1970-71

Current Year 1971-72

$388,975.74

1.

$

186.825 2.

Total cost of diesel oil for main line running Average cost per ton

$451,992.04

$

209.35

$

0.57

3.

Cost per engine kilometrage

$

0.64

2,082.0326 4.

Total weight of diesel oil for main line running

(ton)

2,159.0257

3.12 5.

Weight per engine kilometrage in kg.

3.09

145.7221 6.

3.12

7.

Total weight of diesel oil for shunting (ton) Weight per shunting kilometrage in kg.

156.1705

3.09

21

.

APPENDIX VIII

CONSUMPTION OF LUBRICANTS FOR LOCOMOTIVES

Previous Year 1970-71

(APRIL 1971

MARCH 1972)

Current Year 1971-72

6,586,00

6,233.00

1.179

2.

1. Total consumption of crank case oil (gal.)

Consumption per 100 engine kilometrage in gal.

共圖

APPENDIX IX

IO

Previous Year

1970-71

COST ASSIGNMENT AND STATISTICS

(APRIL 1971 MARCH 1972)

1.044

го

A

IBR

Current Year 1971-72

$

76,812.39

1.

Average cost of repair per locomotive per annum

80,951.71

0.678 2.

Average cost of repair per engine km. (Labour

and material only)

0.677

16,645.72

3.

Average cost of repair per passenger car per

annum

22,211.26

1.012.70

4.

Average cost of repair per goods wagon per

annum

...

773.10

0.0326 5.

Average cost of crank case oil per engine km.

for diesel electric locomotives

0.0329

3.80

6.

Average cost of crank case oil for diesel electric

locomotive per gal.

3.80

2222

223

24

CLASSIFICATION OF ROLLING STOCK-MOTIVE POWER

(APRIL 1971 MARCH 1972)

Diesel Electric Locomotives

APPENDIX X

2

3

4 5

6

7

8

9

10

11 12 13 14 15 16

17 18 19 20 21 22

Engine Type

51 General Motors]

Buy 32 Engine Number

52

G12-1125 H.P. D15 12-567C

53 General Motors

54 G12-1310 H.P. D12 12-567C

8 770 138

⠀⠀

5815553

170

N

|

16 years

& 8

39,760

I.G. 1.G. I.G. feet

M.P.H.

2

lbs. 25% months Adhesion

28,000

lbs.

14 years

40,320

29,300

55

8770 138 170 12cub. 26′-6" 40" 8′ 0′′ 44′-6′′ 12′-2" 9′-2′′ 63/14|| 62 I.G. I.G. I.G. feet M.P.H.

3

3

& 8

months

lbs. 25%

lbs.

Adhesion

56 General Motors

10 years

58

57 G16-1800 H.P. 16-567C

D29 98.312| 664| 166| 174.3 12 cub. 37'-0" 40" 12′ 2′′ 56′-8" 13′-0′′9′-3′′ 63/14, 62

3

& 7

66,050

lbs. 30%

50,520

lbs.

tons

L.G. 1.G. I.G. feet

M.P.H.

months Adhesion

59 General Motors G16-1800 H.P.

D32 98.5 12 625 166 175

16-567C

tons

L.G. L.G. I.G.

6 cub. 37'-0" 40′′ 12′ 2′′|56′ feet

|56-8 |13-07 9-3-

5 years

66,153

-0′′ 9′-3′′ 63/14

62

M.P.H.

I

I

& 9

lbs. 30%

50,520

lbs.

months

Adhesion

9

9

12cub. 26'-6" 40′′, 8′ 0′′ 44′-6′′ 12′-2′′ 9′-2" 63/14

62

Main Generator

Approximate Weight (Fully Loaded)

Number of Drivers

Lubricating Oil

Fuel Oil

Cooling Water

Sand

Driving Wheel Diameter Bogie Rigid Wheel Base

Bogie Centres

Length over Head Stocks

Height over Rail Level

Width over Handrails

Gear Ratio

Maximum Permissible Speed

Total Stock at the Beginning of the year

Additions during the year

Reductions during the year

Total Stock at the end of the year

Average Age of Class

Maximum Tractive Effort

Continuous Tractive Effort

23

IBRARIES

書館

CLASSIFICATION OF ROLLING STOCK-CARRIAGES

(APRIL 1971

MARCH 1972)

APPENDIX XI

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Classification

Average

Tare of

each Class

Total Stock

Seating

Additions

at the

Capacity (Passenger)

(ton)

Beginning of the year

during the

year

Ton

Cwt.

First Class Carriage

42

72

3

1(A)

First Class Carriage

42

70

1(B)

Reductions during the

year

Total Stock at the end of the year

Total

Seating

Capacity (Passenger)

144

70

First Class Carriage

42

68

First Class Compartment Carriage

49

64

3(C)

214 |

272

Second Class Compartment Carriage... 49

64

3(D)

192

Second Class Carriage.

37

68

68

Second Class Carriage.

38

52

52

Second Class Carriage.

38

54

54

Second Class Carriage

38

59

59

Second Class Carriage

37

64

7

448

Second Class Carriage..

47

13

68

2

136

Third Class Carriage

35

12

128

3(E)

128

Third Class Carriage

35

12

126

1(F)

126

Third Class Carriage

35

12

124

1(G)

I

124

Third Class Carriage

35

12

120

\(H)

120

Third Class Carriage

35

Third Class Carriage

35

Third Class Carriage

35

Third Class Carriage

Third Class Carriage

44

Third Class Carriage

44

Third Class and Brake Composite Carriage

36

Third Class and Brake Composite

Carriage

36

Third Class and Brake Composite

Carriage

36

Third Class and Brake Composite

Carriage

36

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ₤EBWww

18

106

106

18

108

8(1)

18

104

8(J)

8

832

40

16

122

11

1,342

13

13

33

120

118

3

ليا

w

3

3

Third Class and Brake Composite

Carriage

41

19

Third Class and Brake Composite

Carriage

45

18

...

Third Class and Brake Composite

Carriage

45

18

2 9 8 8 8 d

10

10(K)

1

10(L)

11

1,298

50

3

3(M)

48

3(N)

3

144

58

1

1(0)

56

1(P)

1

56

68

5

5

340

67

2

2(Q)

65

1

2(R)

3

195

70

31

31

70

6,306

24

Note: (A) Converted to 70 seating capacity with more standing room, 1st Class Carriage.

(B) Converted from (4).

(C) Converted to 2nd Class Compartment Carriage.

(D) Converted from (C).

(E) Converted to 126, 124 and 120 seating capacity with more standing room, 3rd Class Carriage.

(F) Converted from (E).

(G) Converted from (E).

(H) Converted from (E).

(I) Converted to 104 seating capacity with more standing room, 3rd Class carriage.

(J) Converted from (I).

(K) Converted to 118 seating capacity with more standing room, 3rd Class Carriage.

(L) Converted from (K).

(M) Converted to 48 seating capacity with more standing room, 3rd Class & Brake Composite Carriage.

(N) Converted from (M).

(0) Converted to 56 seating capacity with more standing room, 3rd Class and Brake Composite Carriage.

(P) Converted from (O).

(Q) Converted to 65 seating capacity with more standing room, 3rd Class and Brake Composite Carriage.

(R) Converted from (Q).

CLASSIFICATION OF ROLLING STOCK-GOODS WAGONS

(APRIL 1971

MARCH 1972)

APPENDIX XII

1

2

3

4

S

6

7

8

9

Total

Total

Overall

Classification

Length

of Wagon

Average Tare of

Each Class

Stock at

Carrying

the begin-

Capacity

ning of

Additions

during

the year

Reductions

during

Total

Stock at

the end of

Carrying

the year

Capacity

the year

the year

Ton Cwt.

Ton

Ton

Tank, oil (10,000 gals. of water)

Flat 453 metric ton

41'-1"

45′-0′′ 17 12

21 19

44}

4

3

1331

45

10

450

Flat 452 metric ton

2

45'-0" 19 0 44

1

1

44

Flat 80 ton

32'-0"

27 13

80

2

1

1

80

Lowsided Open 46 1/10 metric ton

45'-0"

18 12

Lowsided Open 46 1/10 metric ton 40′-0′′

19

0

44

Highsided Open 45 metric ton

45'-0"

19

12

4 ‡

45 7/20

10

10

4531

1

44

44 2/5

25

5

20

888

Covered 443 metric ton

40'-0" 20 0

44

63

10

53

2,332

Well 50 ton

32'-0"

25 12

50

1

50

Cattle Wagon

45'-0"

44

4

176

Brake Van 10 1/6 metric ton

35'-0"

10

5

50

129

20

109

4,701

25

26

CLASSIFICATION OF ROLLING STOCK-SERVICE EQUIPMENT

APPENDIX XIII

(APRIL 1971

MARCH 1972)

2

3

4

5

6

Total

Classification

Average Tare of each

Additions

Stock at the

Class

beginning of

during the

year

Reductions

during

the year

Total

Stock at the

end of the

the year

year

Ton

Cwt.

65 Ton Break-down Crane

87

I

1

RT-3 Motor Trolley with trailer

2

1

18

(Trailer)

1

RB-2 Railbus, 6 Cyl. Dodge SAE Rating: 25.35 H.P. Capacity: 55 Passengers

RB-3 Rail Bus, 6 Cyl. Commer Capacity: 40 Passengers

6

RARIES

1

3

1

I

N

2

0

200

400

600

800

Ku

STATEMENT OF LO WU PASSENGERS

(IN & OUT)

OUT

JN

共圖

444,113

467,055

333,254

346,072

304,001

284,497

330,669

304,421

399,896

388,144

UBLIC

65/66

66/67 67/68 68/69

69/70

70/71

71/72

27

336,303

809,522

■■■■530,901,

479,091

بہت

APPENDIX XIV

APPENDIX XV

11

10

a

TOTAL PASSENGERS CARRIED (IN MILLIONS)

Q

6

3

共圖

BE

IBRARIES

ONG

PUBLI

62/63 63/64 64/65 65/66 66/67 67/68 68/69 69/70

FINANCIAL YEARS

28

28

70/71

71/72

APPENDIX XVI

11

10

LOCAL PASSENGERS CARRIED (IN MILLIONS)

香港公共圖書館

LIBRARIES

HONG KONG PUBLIC

3

62/63 63/64

64/65 65/66 66/67 67/68 68/69 69/70 70/71 71/72

FINANCIAL YEARS

29

GOODS (IN THOUSAND METRIC TONS)

APPENDIX XVII

1,100

APPENDIX XVII

1,000

900

800

700

600

500

共圖

0

400

300

200

100

ONG PUBLIC LIBRARI

62/63 63/64 64/65 65/66 66/67 67/68 68/69 69/70 70/71 71/72

FINANCIAL YEARS

39%

30

REVENUE (IN S 1 MILLIONS)

20

APPENDIX XVIII

REVENUE

ད:

共圖書館

19

18

17

16

GROSS

15

14

13

12

11

10

9

8

7

HONG

6

5

4

3

2

PASSENGERS

REVENUE

PUBLIC LIBRARIE

GI

GOODS REVENUE

62/63 63/64 64/65 65/66 66/67 67/68 68/69 69/70 70/71 71/72

FINANCIAL YEARS

31

香港公共圖

ONG KONG

書館

PUBLIC LIBRARIES

:

香港公共圖書館 ONG KONG PUBLIC LIBRARI

GPHK

Printed by the Government Printer

Code No.:0344372

Price: $6.50