九廣鐵路年報 Kowloon Canton Railway Annual Departmental Report 1953-1954

HONG KONG

ANNUAL

DEPARTMENTAL

REPORTS

15 1953-54

書館

HONG

ONG

PRICE: $ 2

PUBLIC LIBRAR

LIBRARIES

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY

(BRITISH SECTION)

香港公

共圖書谷

NG KONG PUBLIC LIBRARIE

HONG KONG

ANNUAL DEPARTMENTAL REPORT

BY THE

GENERAL MANAGER, RAILWAY

 

Ku

FOR THE

FINANCIAL YEAR 1953-54

PUBLIC LIBRARI

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY THE GOVERNMENT PRINTER.

HONG KONG.

香港公共圖書

URBAN COUNCIL PUBLIC LIBRARIES-

HONG KON Class. UBLIC

Acc. No. Not Acc

Author

BR

ES

CONTENTS

Paragraphs

GENERAL SURVEY

TRAFFIC

ACCOUNTS

MECHANICAL WORKSHOPS

..........

WAY & STRUCTURES

STORES

STAFF

1

10

-

9

17

18 22

23 27

-

28 44

45

51

-

-

50

52

Note: H.K.$16.00 £1:0:0: sterling.

=

GENERAL SURVEY

         1. The pattern of the report for the year 1953/54 follows closely that of the previous year.

         2. There was however a considerable increase in passenger traffic with China resulting from a relaxation in the issue of travel permits which continued from April until November when a tightening-up took place.

         3. In the case of goods traffic, export tonnages declined by 36.46% with receipts 32.52% compared with the previous year, while imports fell off by 29.36% in tonnage and 29.58% in receipts. It is probable that this decline would not have occurred but for serious floods in Kwangtung which stopped rail movement for 7 days in June and the subsequent floods in Kiangsi during July and August.

         4. An important feature on this short line is the con- tinuous increase in the local passenger traffic. While travel to and from China is entirely dependent on the travel regulations promulgated by China, and therefore fluctuates from time to time, the local movement to get out of town since re-occupation has been persistent.

           The latest figures show an increase of 15,600 per month and although picnic parties and excursions of various kinds form a considerable percentage of this figure, yet the removal of a single family to a village immediately provides a number of passenger journeys per week, and there is visual evidence of this increase in the population of the New Territories.

         5. The serious delay in the delivery of 19 passenger coaches referred to in para. 19 continues and they are not now expected before April 1955. Meanwhile, the non-local passenger journeys for the year increased by 90.69% and 95.83% in revenue, and the total for the year (local and non-local) amounted to 13.84% and 20.54% in revenue.

1

    6. In August the Chinese Section of the Line put on an additional train in each direction to deal with the increase in passengers.

7. A most gratifying saving in operating expenditure amounting to $288,000 resulted from the ability to purchase heavy fuel oil at a price which made it more economical than coal.

8. Systematic inspections of engine driving technique during the latter portion of the year has also produced consider- able savings in fuel.

    9. For the first time since the war it was possible to obtain hardwood sleepers from Australia at a figure of $32.30 each, which was competitive with creosoted semi-hardwoods from Malaya of the previous year. These eucalypts do not need creosoting and have always proved the most durable of any used on the Line.

TRAFFIC

    10. There is very little to report from the Traffic Section this year, as there were no major events or change in policy.

    11. Traffic earnings were slightly less than those of the year before:

1953/54

$5,028,632

1952/53

$5,160,502

Decrease per cent

2.56

12. Passenger Bookings. Local passenger traffic continued to improve. Passenger journeys were up by 187,414, and revenue by $106,089. This indicates that the villages alongside the railway are becoming more populous.

On February 5th, 1954, the occasion of the Chinese New Year, this short line with only 32 coaches again created a passenger carrying record. Passengers booked numbered 42,252 and 16 additional trains were run.

2

           Non-local passenger traffic increased considerably. The figures of passenger journeys and revenue are shown below:-

Current year Previous year Increase per cent

        Passenger Journeys Revenue

657,289 $903,411

344,692 $461,314

90.69

95.83

           The increase can be attributed to fluctuating periods of relaxation in traveller's control in China while immigration was relaxed somewhat during the period of the Coronation festivities in the Colony.

           The analysis of these passenger figures will be found summarized in Statement No. 7.

         13. Goods Traffic. Goods traffic, foreign, showed a drop with that of last year. Goods exported from this Colony fell from 33,728 to 23,826 tons in weight and $394,863 to $278,051 in revenue, the decrease per cent being 29.36 and 29.58 respec- tively. The embargo on strategic supplies to China was responsible.

          Similarly, goods imported from China into this Colony were adversely affected. Tonnage declined from 220,287 to 139,973, a drop of 36.46% and receipts from $1,340,910 to $904,800, a drop of 32.52%. The reasons for this falling off in tonnage are sufficiently well known.

           The principal commodities arriving by rail during the year were as under:

Beans

Eggs

Potatoes

Bran

Wood oil

Garlic

Sesame oil

Bean noodle

Cotton seed oil

Native medicine

22,959 metric tons

17,856 9,751

"

"

""

"

8,318

""

"J

6,261

27

""

5,013

""

""

3,495

""

"

3,388

"

3,016

>>

99

2,479

"

=

"}

3

Vegetables Bean oil Hemp seeds

Chillies dried

2,216

"J

2,175

""

""

1,919

""

27

1,914

""

Melon seeds

1,891

""

Gunny bags

1,869

"

"

Ground nut cakes

1,686

"

Tea seed cakes

1,324

19

""

Cotton waste

1,257

""

""

Nutgall

1,230

""

""

Resin

1,199

>>

Hemp

1,179

"

""

Gypsum

1,013

"

"J

Since the middle of September, cattle have also been imported by rail, presumably due to better prices in the local market.

The number of animals imported is set out below:-

No. of pigs

No. of buffaloes

No. of cows

160,000 head

1,769

1,666 "

""

In August, live pigs from across the border which were sold to the markets in the New Territories were unloaded at Fanling Station. On the advice of the local health authorities, this practice was discontinued and now the pigs have to be off- loaded at Yaumati Station and transported to the New Terri- tories again by other means.

     Local goods traffic, tonnage and receipt, were almost the same as those of last year. The figures appear in Statement No. 6.

Handling receipts affected by the decreased foreign goods traffic declined by 29.69%, from $390,467 to $274,556.

14. Operation. Train punctuality has improved. The Police have shown good co-operation by abstaining from holding up the trains at Fanling Station to carry out routine searches

4

for unauthorized persons trying to get into the prohibited border These searches are now done on trains between Taipo

area.

Market and Fanling.

No. of passenger trains

Percentages

No. of trains on time

5,170

64.74

No. of trains delayed for less than 5 mins. No. of trains delayed for 5 mins. and over

Total number of passenger trains run:

2,352

29.46

463

5.80

7,985

100.00

Numbers and types of special trains run during the

year as follows:

Goods (loaded)

Goods (empty)

----- ------ 7 - m=་

Passenger

Military

· Ballast train

Up

Down

Total

41

274

315

5

12

17

104

52

156

1

1

71

70

141

222

408

630

           In April, internal telephones were installed at all level- crossing gatemen's huts in the New Territories. Messages in connexion with unexpected train-movements can now be sent to the gatemen on duty with the least possible delay.

The branch line to the cemetery station at Wo Hop Shek was brought under proper control by mechanical signalling on October 15th. This station has dealt with no less than 14,473 coffins for burial during the current year.

15. Rates and Fares. There was no change in the basic rates and fares.

16. Accidents. It gives satisfaction to report that during the year there has been no costly damage to property and instal- lations. This is due to the good team work on the part of all sections of the department.

5

The following incidents occurred during the year:-

Trespassers killed by trains

Trespassers injured by trains

Passenger killed by train

Passengers injured by trains

Passengers injured other than by trains

Fires on goods trains

Derailment of wagons

Derailment of shunting engine

Animals killed by trains

Police car collided with train

6 2

1

6

2

2

1

1

3

1

1

1

Points splits by engine

Railway property damaged by Military vehicle

17. Convictions. The efficiency of the Railway Police was highly satisfactory. Preventive vigilance reduced the number of convictions from 15 to 7.

ACCOUNTS

18. The complete set of accounts and statements for the year will be found at the end of this report.

19. The new coaching stock which has been on order since 1947 again failed to arrive during the year under review despite a promise given by the manufacturers that delivery would be completed during 1953; later, information was received that delivery had been put back to January 1954, and again to April 1955.

   20. Capital Account. There was a slight increase, as at 31.3.54 in total investment assets which rose by $418,000 to $38,299,000. The completion of rehabilitation of the permanent way and the arrival of new workshop plant accounted mainly for this sum. At the moment there is no adequate return in revenue commensurate with this big investment, owing to the serious decline in goods traffic. It is a situation not envisaged when the new goods wagons were ordered.

        21. Operating Account. Despite adverse trading condi- tions, operating revenue exceeded expenditure by approximately $1,440,000 as compared with $1,360,000 last year. Although the total revenue earned was less by $111,000, expenditure was pruned and reduced to $3,962,000 as compared with $4,153,000 in 1952. Goods traffic fell by $538,000 but to compensate for this loss passenger earnings rose by $561,000, which, with addi- tional coaching stock, could have been improved on. The most significant cut in operating expenditure came under locomotive running expenses which were reduced by $288,000. The saving was achieved through a reduction in the cost of fuel oil which made it more economical to burn oil rather than coal.

        22. Profit and Loss Account. Interest on Government loans plus a further provision of $500,000 for Depreciation Reserves makes a total debit of $1,816,000 against this account. On the credit side the nett operating revenue plus the proceeds from the sale of surplus stores and scrap totals $1,484,000 and therefore the nett loss recorded for the year is $332,000. This amount has been transferred as a debit to the Surplus Appro- priation Account which now records a credit balance of $2,971,000.

MECHANICAL WORKSHOPS

         23. General. All locomotives, carriages, wagons, rail and motor cars and other plant were maintained in an efficient state during the year under review.

In order to get equal wear on tyre flanges, all mainline locomotives were turned round once a month and carriages once every six months.

9

         24. Locomotives. The safety of the boilers of the 2-8-0 Austerity locomotives, the " steel water space stays of which have not been changed to 3" copper stays have given cause for concern as these stays break quite often, partly due to corrosion and partly due to bending stress caused by the expansion of the firebox plate under heat. As a precautionary measure, all such boilers were given a hydrostatic pressure test every six months instead of the usual yearly period.

7

The

"

          steel water space stays of two boilers of the 2-8-0 Austerity locomotives were changed to " copper stays.

      The washout plugs of 5 Nos. of 2-8-0 Austerity loco- motives were changed to the larger Housley type to facilitate the washing out of the boilers.

      Adjustable wedges were added to two 2-8-0 locomotives No. 22 and No. 24 which completed the installation of adjustable wedges to all of the 12 Nos. 2-8-0 Austerity locomotives.

      Two 2-8-0 locomotives No. 22 and No. 24 were given a general heavy overhaul.

      Seven 2-8-0 locomotives were painted. The colour of the paint used was Brunswick green to match the colour of the coaches.

25. Coaches and Wagons. Four toaches were given a general overhaul.

      The 2" bore overhead stays of the side frames and the doorway transoms of the 451 metric ton highside wagons inter- fere with the manual loading of these wagons. These stays and doorway transoms were cut away and the stanchions of the side frames were reinforced to compensate for the reduction of strength caused by the cutting away.

7 coaches and 25 wagons were painted.

4

The floors of 3rd class carriages No. 318 and No. 320 were resurfaced with 3" square red porcelain tiles. It was found that a porcelain tile floor surface was most suitable for 3rd class coaches. It is very durable and easy to keep clean.

   26. Work done for Government Departments. Work done for other Government departments included the making of bronze and cast iron castings for C.E.M.E. Office, P.W.D.; the building of two more armoured car bodies and a further bullet catcher for the Police Department since last year, the repair of hospital equipment for Kowloon and Lai Chi Kok Hospitals and various sundry items for other departments of Government.

8

27. Statistics. Fuel consumption for the year under review improved quite appreciably. Coal consumption was 17.52 kgs. per train km. as against 18.46 kgs. per train km. of the previous year and furnace oil consumption was 13.95 kgs. per train km. as against 17.60 kgs. per train km.

           Statistical statements Nos. 9, 10, 11 & 13 relating to analysis of train and locomotive kilometrage; coal and fuel oil running expenses, and repairs to locomotives, carriages and wagons will be found at the end of this report.

WAY AND STRUCTURES

28. Maintenance. Way and structures were maintained in good order during the year.

29. Track. The loop lines at Shatin, Taipo Market, Fanling and Lowu Stations, and 13 sets of old turnouts at Kowloon Station were renewed with 95-lb. rails.

           The Coal Storage Siding, the two sidings inside the Carriage Sheds, the three sidings in front of the Running Shed and 9 sets of turnouts inside the Locomotive Yard, Hung Hom, were re-laid with second-hand serviceable materials.

           The old siding connecting the Hong Kong and Kowloon Wharf & Godown to Kowloon Station across the main road, which had not been used for years, was removed in November, 1953.

30. Expansion Gaps and Rail Creep. The expansion gaps of 6 miles of the main line track were adjusted and 6,000 rail anchors were added. The maximum rail creep recorded during the year was only 2 inches.

       31. Signalling. A new signalling system for working Wo Hop Shek. Junction from Fanling Station was installed in October, 1953. The signals are operated by double wires and the points by an electric point machine, the power for operating which can be supplied both from the A.C. mains or by a hand generator. The control lever for the points is of a miniature.

9

type equipped with an electric lock, circuit controller and two key locks, and is interlocked with the signal levers in the frame so that the control lever will release the appropriate signals and also enable the proper key to be extracted and inserted in the block instruments. The keys for operating the block instru- ments at Fanling and Wo Hop Shek Stations are transmitted by two pairs of Hepper's Electric Key Transmitters.

All signal arms, point indicators and fouling points were also cleaned and painted during the year.

32. Tunnels and Bridges.

                 All tunnels and bridges were found in good condition and very little repair work has been carried out during the year.

33. Cuttings and Embankments.

landslips nor wash-outs.

There were no major

Only minor repairs to the old face

plasters in some cuttings were carried out.

      Dangerous cracks developed in a portion of rock cutting 130 ft. in depth at Mile 13. About 500 cubic yards of dangerous rocks were taken down by blasting and all overhang- ing or loose boulders were supported by cement concrete walls for the protection of this deep cutting.

   34. Drainage. Every opportunity was taken to improve the drainage along the main line and on top of the high cuttings where necessary as funds permitted during the year in order to prevent major landslips or wash-outs.

New drains were also constructed on the sides of No. 4 Road at Yaumati station yard to carry away the accumulated dirty water from pig wagons into underground drains so as to leave the track in a clean and sanitary condition.

35. Fencing. 1,325 yards of new galvanized iron chain- link wire netting fence were erected at Shatin Station to protect loss of revenue and to prevent pedestrians from crossing at this busy. station.

Yaumati station yard was also enclosed with old iron pale fence to keep out trespassers.

10

36. Track Crossings. A length of half a mile of track from Mile 17 to Mile 17 was made serviceable for a tractor path for the Military Authorities.

Three cement concrete track crossings were laid between the two platforms of Lowu Station and one longitudinal track crossing was constructed on the northern end of the outer platform to provide a better access to the Revenue Department's offices.

        37. Road. The old praya approach road to the godowns at Kowloon Station was re-surfaced.

38. Station Buildings and Platforms. All station buildings and platforms were maintained in good order during the year and repairs and renewals were carried out where necessary.

            All the rooms and the verandah of the Head Office on the first floor of Kowloon Station building were completely over- hauled and decorated. A new marble counter was put in for the pay office.

The room under the clock tower was strengthened and partitioned for the use as a ticket printing office.

Platforms Nos. 3 & 4 at Kowloon were repaired and wooden barriers were re-aligned for better control of passengers.

A length of 180 ft. of the eastern platform in front of the shelter at Yaumati Station was surfaced with precast cement concrete blocks for the convenience of passengers during the wet seasons.

        39. Staff Quarters. All staff quarters were maintained in as good order as funds permitted during the year.

            The old rotten tiled roofs for the kitchens of "A" Quarters, Hung Hom, were renewed with reinforced cement concrete flat roofs to provide a drying area for laundry.

The seven old Nissen huts for workshop staff quarters at Hung Hom, which were in a rusty and uninhabitable condi- tion were repaired and improved by insulating the corrugated

11

iron roof with 2" thickness "Aerocrete" blocks (light aerated cement blocks) reinforced with one layer of wire mesh and sprayed with 1" thickness of "Aerocem" (cement mortar sprayed by the "Aerocem" process). These huts after the recondition- ing have become habitable, well-insulated weather-proof, fire- resistant buildings.

    The old block of quarters for the engine drivers and traffic staff at Lowu was completely repaired and decorated. The timber floors and staircase were renewed with reinforced concrete as fire protection and the broken windows with steel windows. Alterations and additions were also made giving better ventilation and sanitation.

The ground floor of No. 19 Homuntin Hill Road, the traffic staff quarters at Hung Hom and the gang huts at Lowu were completely repaired and decorated.

    40. New Minor Works. A medical clinic was provided for the staff and their families in the Kowloon Headquarters building.

A fruit stall was erected at Wo Hop Shek Station.

A new loading gauge was erected at Lowu Station to check the goods wagons coming down from the interior.

      Two new buffer stops were fixed at the dead end sidings inside the small coaching stock shed at Hung Hom.

41. Land.

         The following areas of Railway land were leased for various purposes:

435,858 sq. ft. for Military Camps, etc.

6,000

99

"

84,800 3,735

""

""

"5

99

59

"J

11,324

29

""

2.9

3,000 2,856

""

""

92

"J

2)

"

211,311

"

""

79

105,659

""

27

""

Total

864,543 sq. ft.

a Bible auditorium (Seventh Day

Adventists).

a club house and sports ground. a Boy Scouts hut.

motor car garage. a firm titling studio. storage.

cultivation and gardening. various other purposes.

12

An area of about 231,500 sq. ft. of Railway land at Hung Hom was also utilized by other Government departments for rice godowns, a cemetery depot and a police camp.

        42. Advertising Space. Advertising space let out during the year was 7,105 sq. ft. Revenue from this source amounted to $93,281.69.

43. Indents. During the year the following materials for Indent No. 732/52 requisitioned through the Crown Agents arrived from the United Kingdom: -

(a) 95 lb. rails 36 ft.

279 lengths.

(b)

33

22

"?

(c)

30

37

""

99

19

(d) Fish-plates for 95 lb. rails

(e) Fish-bolts

""

""

""

"

11

11

615 pairs.

2,300 nos.

44. Australian Sleepers.

A total of 3,284 pieces of hard-

wood sleepers were obtained from Australia including 358 pieces of partially defective sleepers which were accepted at a reduc- tion of 30% on contract rate.

           With the arrival of the Australian sleepers which require no treatment the sleeper treating plant was closed down after treating more than 20,000 sleepers since 1950.

STORES

45. All Railway stores were checked by a Board of Survey in February, 1954; no discrepancy was found and the Board reported satisfactorily on the survey generally.

13

    46. A comparative statement of purchases for the year 1952/53 and 1953/54 is given below:-

Coal

1952/53

1953/54

1,026,670.00

600,720.10

Furnace Oil

34,267.39

208,663.91

Lubricating Oil

27,517.05

34,842.68

Petrol

4,284.00

5,518.00

Government Stores (General)

158,388.96

127,668.47

Other Government Departments

887.65

1,272.50

Local Purchase

150,485.59

104,587.00

Crown Agents

1,846,996.29

428,640.85

3,249,496.93

1,511,913.51

    47. Coal. There was a marked decrease in the purchase of coal during the year. The decrease was due to the greater use of furnace oil at a reduced price.

The total quantity of coal purchased during 1953/54 was 5,346 tons compared with 8,030 tons in 1952/53, a reduc- tion of 2,684 tons. The average price of coal was $117.73 per ton delivered to Railway bunkers.

48. Furnace Oil. The price of oil fell sharply in the course of the year. At the commencement of the year it was $190.00 per ton delivered to Railway tanks and after several general deductions in price, it remained at $123.00 per ton for the last three months. The average price was $125.11 per ton.

      For various reasons, but chiefly economic, it was con- sidered more satisfactory to substitute furnace oil for coal where possible. In consequence, the consumption of oil went up. The quantity purchased during the year was 1,667 tons compared with 181 tons for the previous year, an increase of 1,486 tons.

49. General stores have been requisitioned from Govern- ment Stores whenever possible. If stores could not be supplied by them local purchases were made direct from local firms. There were decreases of $30,720.49 from Government Stores and $45,898.59 from direct local purchases during the year.

14

50. The sum of $73,353.69 was realized from the sale of old unserviceable stores. In addition, sale of coal dust brought in $1,424.00.

STAFF

51. The establishment of the Railway as at 31st March, 1954 was as follows:

109 Pensionable Officers.

274 Non-pensionable Officers.

292 Daily Rated Staff

675

This is a reduction of 41 over the previous year,

          Again every encouragement was given to officers to take earned leave which amounted to:

577 days vacation leave.

4,611 days casual leave.

Total sick leave for the year for all kinds of sickness on full pay and half pay amounted to 1,608 days whilst a further 1,187 days no pay leave was also approved. Maternity leave totalling 125 days was also granted.

year:

The following appointments were made during the

Mr. W. H. Lee, B.Sc., M.Sc., (M.I.T. U.S.A.)

Mr. U. L. Wong

Mr. P. K. Ho

Mechanical Engineer with retrospective effect to 12.2.53.

Assistant Mechanical Engineer. 16.11.53.

Stores Officer with retrospective effect to 1.3.53.

           A total of eight officers retired during the year after serving the Railway for periods ranging from 6 - 38 years.

15

URBAN COUNCIL PUBLIC LIBRARIES

The staff are to be congratulated for maintaining a

high standard of efficiency throughout the year.

52. Staff Welfare. Two events of considerable value occurred in the field of welfare during the year. A medical clinic was opened on 8th December, 1953 primarily for the benefit of Railway employees and family members. It has been well received by the staff who now undoubtedly obtain better treatment than was previously possible at the over-crowded public clinics but what is equally important, the staff now look The Hon. upon the medical officer as their family doctor. Director of Medical and Health Services is to be thanked for his co-operation in creating this clinic.

      As mentioned in last year's report plans were then afoot to provide the staff with a Club House. Negotiations were entered into with Government with regard to financial assistance and it is pleasant to record that a loan of $43,000, repayable in six years and free of interest was granted.

      The Club itself was formed and incorporated under the Companies Ordinance on 21st November, 1953. The erection of the Club House was completed in February and on the 12th February, 1954 the premises were formally opened by the Colonial Secretary, the Hon. R. B. Black, C.M.G., O.B.E. Two special features of the club are a canteen where the staff members in the lower salary bracket may obtain a cheap but nourishing meal and a Primary School which functions in the morning. The provision of a school was considered most essen- tial in view of the number of children still without any form of education. The school takes in 144 children and is run on a subsidized basis under the control of the Education Depart- ment. The assistance thus afforded has been received with gratitude by parents and pupils alike.

16

I. B. TREVOR, General Manager, Railway.

17

Head No.

Summary of financial results for the past three years.

List of heads

1951/52

1952/53

1953/54

123456

1.

Route Kilometrage-Operated

2. Gross Railway Receipts...

3.

Railway Operating Revenue..

4.

Railway Operating Expenditure

5. Net Operating Revenue..

6.

Percentage of Railway Operating Expenditure to Railway Operating Revenue...

7.

Capital Investment.

8.

9.

Percentage of Net Operating Revenue to Capital Investment Railway Operating Revenue per Route Kilometre Operated...

10. Railway Operating Expenditure per Route Kilometre Operated Passenger Receipts

Percentage of Passenger Receipts to Gross Railway Receipts

Number of Passenger Journeys

11.

12.

13.

14.

Goods Receipts

15.

16.

17.

Percentage of Goods Receipts to Gross Railway Receipts.

Tons of Goods Hauled

Revenue from Other Sources

Rentals

...

Incidentals

Profit on Central Mechanical

Works

Advertising

51/52 52(53 53/54

$100,425 $136,200 $145,598 6,510 8,013 8,616

36

36

36

$ 5,509,916

6,124,162

5,477,846

$ 5,509,916

5,514,904

5,403,068

$ 4,659,784

4,153,935

3,962,531

$

850,132

1,360,969

1,440,537

84.57

75.32

73.34

$36,070,356

37,881,310

38,299,702

2.36

3.59

3.76

153,060

153,192

150,085

$

129,438

115,387

110,070

$ 3,286,350

3,031,140

3,585,311

59.64

3,512,835

49.49

65.45

3,613,593

4,113,604

$ 1,720,555

2,223,443

1,552,906

31.23

36.31

28.35

236,878

264,602

174,720

Sale of Surplus & Condemned Stores

32,883 21,117 17,355 98,738 94,991 93,282 264,455 609,258 74,778

503,011

869,579

339,629

18.

Percentage of Revenue from other sources to Gross Railway Receipts

9.13

14.20

6.20

Statement No. 1

At the

beginning of

the year

1-4-53

· Capital Expenditure

During the year

New Lines

Additions and

betterments

Property Abandoned

Nett Capital

Expenditure

& Exten-

sions

At the end of the year 31-3-54

Part 1 Construction Accounts

C-1 General Expenditure

C-2 Preliminary Expenditure..

C-3 Land

C-4

Formation

C-5 Tunnels

C-6 Bridgework

C-7 Line Protection

C-8 Telegraph & Telephones...)

C-9 Track..

C-10 Signals & Switches

C-11 Stations & Buildings

C-12 Central Mechanical Works

C-14 Plant

C-15 Rolling Stock

C-17 Docks, Harbour & Wharves

770,814.12

80,045.23

5,210,696.83

2,718,367.24

⚫ 24,342.14|

3,599,937.42

1,327,901.17

90,074.47

10,000.00

770,814.12

80,045.23

5,210,696.83

24,342.14 2,742,709.38

3,599,937.42

1,327,901.17

90,074.47

10,000.00

5,697,106.76

218,497.15

326,272.97 (A) 3,057.57| 38,659.60

323,215.40

6,020,322.16

38,659.60

257,156.75

2,230,971.21

44,033.64

44,033.64 2,275,004.85

568,220.69

2,033,751.87

48,399.73

568,220.69

2,833.31 (B)63,092.58

48,399.73 2,082,151.60 -60,259.27| 13,199,495.81 65,171.06

13,259,755.08

65,171.06

Total Cost.... 37,881,310.30

18

(A) Book value of 38.2196 tons old rails sold during the year.

(B) Book value of 7 30-ton wagons Nos. 30401, 30404, 30422, 30425, 30303, 30307, and 30105 sold by public tender..

Book value of 220-ton wagons Nos. 20400 and 20401 sold by public tender

$ 45,414.14

17,678.44

$ 63,092.58

(C) 484,541.39 66,150.15

(C) Special Expenditure 1953/54. Expenditure from Loan Funds

418,391.24 38,299,701.54

$ 430,988.46

53,552.93

$ 484,541.39

19

total Operating

Percentage on

Expenditure

rrevious lear

Amount

Operating

Expenses

NUKA JUMU

Amount

Percentage on total Operating Percentage on Expenditure

total Operating Revenue

Amount

Operating Revenue

Amount

total Operating Revenue

Percentage on

Main Line

Local Service

250,474.28|E-1 General

Expenses...

5.97 248,070.84

Administra-

tion

.06 2,403.44 15.35

Special

323,699,35

3,652.50

327,351.85

8.17

.09

49.88 2,750,795.84|

R-1 Passenger Service,

Passenger 3,311,186.20

61.28

5.08

280,344.40

R-2 Passenger

637,417.08| E-2 Traffic

Expenses...

691,149.76 17.44

Service,

Other.

274,124.75

5.07

1,597,616.35 E-3 Running

32.16 1,773,550.95

R-3 Goods

Expenses...

1,213,940.05 |

Service,

32.20 1,337,715.14 | .48 19,871.60

Locomotives 1,049,861.77|

26.50

Goods

1,235,097.35

22.86

Carriages &

1.08 59,425.20

Wagons

21,161,30

.53

.431 17,708.07

Motor

7.08

390,466.73.

R-4 Goods

Vehicles

17,101.97

.43

Terminal

Charge

Service,

...

43,132,20

.80

5.35

22.45

222,321.54

Traffic

125,815.01

3.18

Other....

274,676.44

5.08

932,752.25 E-4 Main. of

.38

21,116.96

R-7 Profit on

Equipment

C.M.

Locomotive

Works

Depart-

2.47

ment

995,687,65 25.13

.15

136,199.83

8,012.79

R-8 Rents

17,355.19

145,597.92

.32

2.70

735,675.17 E-5 Main, of

Way &

Structures

1.72

R-9 Incidental Revenue 94,991.50 5,514,904.20 R-10 Advertising

8,615.85

.16

93,281,69 5,403,067.59

1.73

734,401.23

17.59

730,833.85

.12

4,841.32

100

1. Operating Expenditure

4,153,935.13

Balance, Profit

1,360,969.07

on Operating....

5,514,904.20

2.

Services rendered by Government

3.

Pensions & Gratuities

4. Staff passages

Engineering

Depart❤

ment

Other De-

partments..

Total Operating Expenditure.

730,036.13|

18.42

4,365.10

.11

3,962,530.54 100

100

5,514,904.20

Total Operating Revenue

5,403,067.59 100

1,440,537.05

|5,403,067.59 |

5,514,904.20

5,403,067.59|

$3,770,826.50

1.

Nett Revenue' *

$5,294,711.54

5,307.58

2.

174,587.66

11,808.80

$3,962.530.54

3.

* This includes a sum of $10,970.65 being outstanding revenue for 1952/53 collected in 1953/54 but excludes a sum of $9,223.38 being outstanding operating revenue for 1953/54 collected in 1954/55.

108,164.05

192.00

$5,403,067.59

Government transportation (a) Passenger

(b) Goods Government Rental

...

20

Statement No. 3

Profit and Loss

Account.

Dr.

Previous Year

Cr.

Current Year

Previous Year

669,901.60 To Interest on Govt. Investments (A) 776,000.00 To Amortization of Rehab. Loan (B) 500,000.00 To Depreciation Reserves

$540,521.93

776,000.00

500,000.00

429,378.94

stores and scrap.

1,945,901.60

1,945,901.60

Total.

$1,816,521.93

$1,790,348.01

155,553.59

$1,816,521.93

$1,945,901.60

Current Year

$1,360,969.07 By Balance, nett Operating Revenue $1,440,537.05

By Sale of Capital Assets, surplus

Total.......

Balance

43,857.79

1,484,394.84

332,127.09

$1,816,521-93

(A) Interest on Rehabilitation Loan up to 1952/53. Less Amortization of Rehabilitation Loan up to 1952/53...

$14,721,849.17

3,880,000.00

·

Interest on Special Expenditure up to 1952/53

$10,841,849.17 @ 34% $379,464.72| 4,601,634.44 @ 31% 161,057.21

$540,521.93

1939-52

1952-53

$8,808,629.18 793,005.26

$9,601,634.44

Less Amortization in 1952/53.

5,000,000.00

$4,601,634.44

(B) Sixth instalment of the K. C. R. repayment over twenty five years of Rehabilitation Loan $19,400,00.00† † Actual amount spent on Loan Funds $14,775,402.10

Dr.

Previous Year

Surplus Appropriation Account.

$155,553.59 To Deficit for the year

5,000,000.00 To Amortization of Sp. Exp. Loan

5,155,553.59

3,303,551.30

$8,459,104.89

Total.

...

Surplus carried forward to Bal. Sht.

Cr.

Current Year

Previous Year

Current Year

$332,127.09

By Surplus for the Year...

$8,459,104.89 By Surplus from previous year......... $3,303,551.30

332,127.09 2,971,424.21

8,459,104.89

Total.........

$3,303,551.30

$8,459,104.89

3,303,551.30

$3,303,551,30

Statement No. 4- General Balance Sheet.

Assets or Debit Balance

Liabilities or Credit Balance

Balance at beginning of

Heads of

classification

Balance at close of year

Increase

Decrease

Balance at beginning of

year

Heads of classification

Balance at close of year

Increase

Decrease

year

$

B-6 Investment Assets :-

37,881,310.30 B-6-1 Cost of Road

& Equipment

37,881,310.30 Total Investment

Assets

B-7 Working Assets:-

B-1 Capital Liabili-

ties :-

8,880,000.00 B-1-1 Railway

38,299,701.54

******

418,391.24

Investment

9,656,000.00]

776,000.00

29,250,750.15 B-1-3 Perm. Govt.

Investment

28,959,291.54|

291,458.61

38,299,701.54

418,391.24

38,130,750.15 Total Capital Liabi-

lities

38,615.291.54|

776,000.00

291,458.61

B-2 Working Liabi-

lities :-

126

19,507.31 B-7-1-1 Cash

7,179.00

12,328.31

17,619.00 B-7-4-3 Advance

Account

6,358.00

549,012.79 B-7-5 Stores

496,786.85

11,261.00

52,225.94

31,261.62 B-2-2 Traffic Balance

2,054.49 B-7-5-1 Workshop

Suspense

239.38

1,815.11

Payable (Foreign Railway)

31,261.62

588,193.59 Total Working Assets

510,563.23

77,630.36

31,261.62 Total Working Liabi- lities

31,261.62

D-8 Deferred Debit!

Items :-

B-3 Deferred Credit

4,669,022.72 D-8-1 Temporary

Items :-

Advances to Government

4,926,281.16

257,258.44

1,645,236.09 B-3-3 Depreciation

Reserves

2,110,064.51

464,828.42

27,727.4535 Misc. Deferred

4,669,022.72|

B-9 Balance of accumulated

Deficit

4,926,281.16| 257,258.44

Otédits

8,504.05

19,223.40

1,672,963,54

2,118,568.56 464,828.42

19,223.40

3,303,551.30 B-4 Appropriation

from Surpluses........ 2,971,424.21]

332,127.09

43,138,526.61

43,736,545.93 675,649.68

77,630.36 43,138,526.61|

43,736,545.93| 1,240,828.42|

642,809.10

Previous Year

Statement

No. 5 Analysis of Passenger Service

Part 1 - Passenger Service (R - 1 Passenger)

Current Year

(April, 1953 - March, 1954)

[Number of

Pas-

Origina-

Number

Revenue

Kinds of Tickets Used

ting

Home

of Units

Carried

sengers

Kilo-

metres

Revenue

Line

Percentage of

Pas-

Number senger Reve- Carried Kilo- nue

metres

22

Ordinary :-

89,930.35

First

66,255 66,255

1,126,335

100,411.75 1.61

1.01 2.80

352,979.35

Second

323,574 323,574

7,765,776

1,673,428.80

Third

|2,662,458 2,662,458

77,211,282

419,552.90 7.87 2,128,540.80| 64.72 69.05 59.35

6.95 11.70

Government :-

6,956.15

First

11,547.50

Second

17,570.07

Third

31,329

Excursion :-

53,481.85

First

4,370 4,370 10,851 10,851 31,329

49,169 49,169 1,481,216

94,938

7,331.80

.11

.08

.20

342,249

14,019.10

.26

.31

.39

908,541|

24,473.95

.76

.81

.68

60,133.35 1.20

1.32

1.68

149,313.35

Second

169,557

169,557

4,921,392

157,264.80

4.12

4.41

4.38

31,489.85

Third

24,187

24,187

658,733

16,676.65

.59

.59

.47

9,324.00

Platform Tickets

109,483

109,483

21,896.60

2.66

.61

35,446.35

Excess Fares

33,662.30

.94

Season & Monthly Tickets :-

6,548.00

First

7,880

7,880

183,764

6,197.50

.19

.16

.17

66,027.65

Second

91,440

91,440

2,244,852

69,929.55

2.22

2.01

1.95

144,174.20

Third

300,520

300,520

7,645,962

143,989.85

7.31

6.84

4.02

92,235.75

Scholar Tickets

257,840

257,840

7,078,739

97,941.00

6.27

6.33 2.73

7,206.00

Golfing Tickets

4,691 4,691

150,112

- 9,908.40

.11

.13

.28

(A)2,747,659.22

(A) Home Line. Foreign

Government

Total · Part 1 4,113,604 4,113,604 111,813,891 (B)3,311,930.30 100.00

100.00

92.35

$2,656,996.42

90,662.80

(B) Home Line. Foreign

Government

$3,205,177.75

106,752.55

$2,747,659.22

$3,311,930.30

23

Previous Year

Revenue

Statement No. 5- Analysis Of Passenger Service

Part 2 - Passenger Service (R-2 Other)

Current Year

(April, 1953 - March, 1954)

Kinds of Tickets Used

Revenue

Percentage Of

Revenue

Baggage & Specie :-

8,425.35

Public

6,776.75

.19

Government

Parcels :-

2,933.85

Public

2,474.50

.07

Railway Service

Carriage & Animals :-

268,045.20

Public

263,615.40]

7.35

Special Train :-

Public

Government

Postal :-

940.00

Miscellaneous

(C) 280,344.40

3,028,003.62]

(C) Home Line

Foreign

Total Part 2

Total Parts 1 & 2

Government

J

$279,404.40

940.00

$280,344.40

S

1,411.50

.04

7.65

(D) 274,278.15

3,586,208,45

(D) Home Line

Foreign Government

$272,866.65

1,411.50

$274,278.15

100.00

24

Statement No.

No. 6- Analysis Of Goods Service

Part 1 Goods Service (R-3 Goods)

Current Year (April, 1953 - March, 1954)

Previous Year

Percentage of

Kilo-

Kilo-

Revenue

Kinds of Goods

Number of Kilograms Carried

Kilograms Kilometres

grams

Reve-

Revenue

grams

Carried

Kilo- nue

metres

General Merchandise

1,340,910.10 Invoiced to and from Lowu

Inward

139,973,460 4,864,077,735

395,133.10

Outward

3,872.95 Invoiced to and from 93,051.90

Inward

stations other than Lowu

Outward

23,825,930 827,951,066 1,707,040 25,178,840 9,213,430 117,471,233

904,800.40 80.11 83.36 278,050.80 13.64 14.19 10,261.50 .98 82,798.95 5.27

58.35

17.93

.43

.66

2.02

5.34

1,832,968.05 Total Part 1

174,719,860 5,834,678,874 1,275,911.65| 100.00

100.00

82.28

1,460.00 Shunting

389,006.73 Handling Receipts

Demurrage

390,466.73 Total Part 2

Part 2 Goods Service (R-4 Other)

2,223,434.78]

Total

Parts 1 & 2

120.00

.01

274,556.44

17.71

274,676.44

17.72

1,550,588.09

100.00

25

Previous

Year

Statement No. 7 Summary of Local and Non Local

Passenger Traffic

Current Year

(April, 1953-March, 1954)

Percentage of

Pas-

Inward

Number of

Revenue

Passenger Traffic

or

Passenger

Passenger Kilometres

Revenue

Outward

Carried

Reve- Number senger Carried Kilo- nue metres

Passenger Service

230,769.15

Inward

313,420 10,969,723 441,715.50 7.62

9.81 13.34

Bookings to and from Lowu

230,545.25

Outward

343,869

11,347,677 461,695.35 8.36

10.15 13.94

1,115,125.79|

Inward

1,596,485

41,989,167 1,127,210.14| 38.81 37.55

34.03

Bookings to and from sta- tions other than Lowu

1,171,219.03

Outward

1,859,830 47,507,324 1,281,309.31| 45.21

42.49 38.69

2,747,659.22

Total

4,113,604 111,813,891 3,311,930.30 100.00 100.00 100.00

Statement No. 8.

TABULAR SUMMARY OF UNALLOCATED STORES

Stock on hand as at 1st April, 1953

$532,492.11

Add

-Purchases, Returns & Charges

142,051.93

674,544.04

Deduct-Issues to Votes & Services as credited to Expenditure

Sub-head

189,028.96

485,515.08

Deduct-Proceeds of sale of stores as credited to Revenue

1,084.55

484,430.53

Transfers between stores

Nil

484,430.53

Deduct-Adjustment for stores received in 1952/53, but paid

for 1953/54

6.37

484,424.16

Deduct-Adjustment for stores received in 1954/55, but paid

for 1953/54

2,510.00

481,914.16

Add -Adjustment for stores received in 1953/54, but paid

for 1954/55

2.00

481,916.16

Losses & Deficiencies written off

Nil

481,916.16

Add -Value of stores overpriced

Deduct-Value of stores underpriced

15.67

481,931.83

35.02

481,896.81

Add

-Unaccountable difference

.01

Stock on hand as at 31st March, 1954

481,896.82

26

27

Train

Statement No. 9 Analysis of Train & Locomotives Kilometrage

-

(April, 1953-March, 1954)

Oil Engine Kilometrage

Coal Engine Kilometrage

Total Kilometrage

Rail-Bus

Kilometrage

Classification

1952/53

1953/54 1952/53

1953/54 | 1952/53

1952/53 1953/54

1952/53

1953/54

Passenger

Mixed Slow.

Kilometrage Goods

6,622.09 110,987.57 325,287.04 240,453.77 331,909.13|351,441.34 24,360.00 4,441.00

1,920.18 6,465.85 32,979.89| 19,068.89| 34,900.07| 25,534.74||

Military Special.......

391.33

857.01

42.33 1,248.34

42.33

Ballast Train..

143.67

266.50 15,173.03 7,932.54 15,316.70| 8,199.04 2,735.60 3,768.00

Total Train Kilometrage

4.24 385,2 9,077.27 117,719.92|374,296.97 267,497.53 383,374.24 385,217.45 27,095.60|

095.60 8,209.00

Locomotive.

9,632.27 124,830.17 396,789.47 283,337.53 406,421.74 408,167.70

Loco.

Kilometrage

Light Engine...

470.83

2,619.97 16,114.84| 7,861.00 16,585.67 10,480.97

Shunting Engine

Total Loco. Kilometrage

54,750.00 54,750.00 54,750.00 54,750.00

477,75 10,103.10 127,450.14 467,654.31 345,948.53| 477,757.41 473,398.67|

1/345,94

0,103.10 127,45

|473,398.63

Statement No. 10 Cost for Running Coal Burning Locomotives

Previous Year 1952/53 $920,962.68

135.398

2.46 6,801.90

(April, 1953-March, 1954)

1 Total Cost of Coal for Main Line Running

2 Average Cost per ton

3 Cost per Train Kilometrage

4 Total Weight of Coal for Main Line Running

(ton).

18.46

5 Weight per Train Km in Kg.

820.05

15.22

6 Total Weight of Coal for Shunting (ton).

7 Weight per Shunting Km in Kg,

Current Year

1953/54 $563,683.82

122.172

2.11

4,613.85

17.52

701.15

13.01

Statement No. 11 Cost for Running Furnace Oil Burning Locos. (April, 1953-March, 1954)

Previous Year

1952/53 $28,534.18

181.457

3.14

157.25

17.60

1 Total Cost of Furnace Oil 2 Average Cost per ton

3 Cost per Train Kilometrage

4 Total Weight of Furnace Oil (ton). 5 Weight per Train Km in Kg.

Statement No. 12

Current Year 1953/54 $206,731.39

127.908

1.76 1,616.24 13.95

Consumption of Lubricants for Locomotives. (April, 1953-March, 1954)

Previous Year 1952/53

$3,082.51

1,112.765

Current Year 1953/54

1 Total Weight of Engine Oil (gals.)

$3,076.25

0.728

2 Weight per 100 Engine Km in gals.

0.734

0.263

3 Total Weight of S.H. Cylinder Oil (gals.) 4 Weight per 100 Engine Km in gals.

1,110.825

.265

0.5215

10,540.70

538.38

Statement No. 13 Cost Assignment and Statistics.

Previous Year 1952/53 $23,578.50

(April, 1953-March, 1954)

1 Average cost of repair per Loco. per annum 2 Average cost of Furnace Oil Burning Loco.

repairs per engine km.

3 Average cost of coal Burning Loco. repairs per

engine km.

4 Average cost of repairs per Passenger Car per

annum

5. Average cost of repairs per goods wagon per

Current Year 1953/54 $29,110.88

0.6081

0.6244

9,480.29

annum.......

483.71

0.0352

6 Average cost of Engine Oil per Engine Km for

Locomotives

0.0343

0.0131

4.87

Average cost of S.H. Cylinder Oil per Engine Km for Locomotives

8 Average cost of Lubricants per gal.

0.0157

5.01

28

29

1

-

Statement No. 14 Classification of Rolling Stock Motive Power

(April, 1953 - March, 1954)

Steam Locomotives

ลง

2

3

4

5

6

Engine No.

Distribution

Wheel

Diameter of

Cylinder

Stroke

Driving Wheel

Diameter of

Tank or Tender

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

and

Gross Weight of Engine Tender in tons

in working order

Total Stock at the beginning of the year

Additions during the year

during the year

Reductions

Total Stock at the end of the

year

Average Age of

Class

Weight on Driving Wheel

4-6-4 22"

28"

611" Side Tank

106.00

Ι

1

27

60

20

33714

4

2-6-4 19" 26* 611"

90.35

1

39

51

17

23350

""

1 & 2 2-6-0 171"

21--32 2-8-0 | 19′′

24"

42" Saddle

53.25

2

10

46.05 15.35 26775

49

28"

561" Tender

125.75

12

12

7

61.25 15.31 34215

"

16

16

Petrol Railcars

RB-1 Railbus

6 Cyl. Bedford 3-5/16′′ 31′′

RB-2 Railbus

6 Cyl. Dodge 31′′

48"

31"

ABRARIES

1

1

15

RAC & SAE Rating 26. 33 H. P. 55 Passengers

SAE 25. 35 H. P.

I

5

55 Passengers.

2

30

1

Classification

Statement No. 15 Classification of Rolling Stock Carriage

M

-

(April, 1953 - March, 1954)

1

~

Average Tare

of each Class

(101)

3

(passenger)

Capacity

Seating

Total Stock

214 28

beginning of

the year

5

6

7

8

Total Seating

Capacity (passenger)

Ton Cwt.

First Class Carriage

35

10

48

~

First Class Carriage

35

8

54

2

96

2

108

First & Second Class Composite

90

Carriage

30

6

45

First & Second Class Composite

Carriage

33

11

56

1

1

56

256

Second Class Carriage

33

18

64

Second Class Carriage

45

+

5

78

2

2

156

Third Class Carriage.

33

19

128

16

16

2048

Third Class & Brake Composite..

32

18

58

5

5

LA

290

34

34

3100

31

1

Statement No. 16

-

- Classification of Rolling Stock Goods Wagons (April, 1953 - March, 1954)

Classification

2

3

Overall

Length of

Wagon

Average Tare Class

of each

5

7

8

9

Carrying Capacity

Total Stock at the beginning of

the year

Additions during the

year

Reductions during the

year

Total stock at the end of the year

Total Carrying

Capacity

Tank (in Covered Wagon) 20 ton

35'-0"

20

Tank, Oil (10,000 gals. of Water)

41'-1"

21

Flat 30 ton

35'-0"

12

Flat 40 ton

37'-10" 14

Ton Cwt.

3986

Ton

20

44

Ton

30

40

2755

2 (C)

311

1 (C)

120

200

Flat 45 metric ton

45'-0" 17 12

45

10

10

450

Flat 80 ton

32'-0"

27 13

80

2

2

160

Lowsided open 46; metric ton

45'-0"

18 12

..

45.7/20

10

10

4531/

10

Highsided open 30 ton

35'-0"

14

2

30

7

2 (C)|

Highsided open 45 metric ton...

45'-0"

19 12

44.2/5

25

Covered 30 ton

35'-0"

15

7

30

25 (B)

૩૦

5

150

25

1110

21

630

Covered (Cattle Truck) 30 ton...

35'-0"

15

7

30

3

3

90

Covered 40 ton

37′-10′′ 18 14

40

1་

1

40

Covered 442 metric ton

40'-0"

20

44

130

130

5720

Well 50 ton

32'-0"

25 12

50

1

50

Cattle Wagon

45'-0"

44

5

5

220

Brake Van 10 metric ton

35'-0"

19

3 19.3/20

5

96

Note: (B) 6 Nos. converted to temporary 3rd class passenger cars (C) Scrapped by Board of Survey

243

234

9801

Statement No. 17

1

Classification of Rolling Stock Service Equipment

(April, 1953 - March, 1954)

2

5

6

65 ton Break-down Crane.....

10 ton Locomotive Crane

RT-2 Motor Trolley

RT-3 Motor Trolley

Ton Cwt.

87

11 - 1

1

1

1

1

1

32