九廣鐵路年報 Kowloon Canton Railway Annual Departmental Report 1951-1952

DIEU ET MÔN DRUHT

HONG KONG

ANNUAL

DEPARTMENTAL

REPORTS

1951-2

PRICE: $3

KOWLOON-CANTON

RAILWAY

(BRITISH SECTION)

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1

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*港公共圖

NG KONG PUBLIC LIBRARI

HONG KONG

ANNUAL DEPARTMENTAL REPORT

BY THE

GENERAL MANAGER

 

BRITISH SECTION

KOWLOON CANTON RAILWAY

FOR THE

FINANCIAL YEAR 1951-2

.936.

PUBLIC

IBRAR

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY THE GOVERNMENT PRINTER,

HONG KONG.

=

URBAN COUNCIL PUBLIC LIBRARIES

Acc. No. Not Acc

Class. HK 352.9

Author Kow

HKCr

GENERAL SURVEY

TRAFFIC

...

CONTENTS

...

ACCOUNTS-GENERAL

MECHANICAL WORKSHOPS

...

Paragraphs

1 8

9 18

...

19 - 23

24 - 31

WAY & STRUCTURES...

STORES

32

40

41 - 47

KONG PUBLIC LIBPARA

TABLES

GENERAL SURVEY

        1. The stringent immigration and emigration regulations brought into force by the Chinese Government on February 15th, 1951, and restrictions on the export of various commodities from the Colony were in operation throughout the year. These restrictions coupled with those in force in China on exports to Hong Kong resulted in a large decrease in both. passenger and goods traffic to and from the interior.

2. Gross income was $5,509,916.32 compared with the previous year's record figure of $10,366,796.75, while nett revenue was only $850,131.86 compared with $6,122,363.83.

        3. The year was comparatively uneventful, many of the difficulties previously experienced disappearing by virtue of the drop in traffic. The shortage of coaching stock was still felt at week-ends during the winter months when there was consider- able overcrowding, but this will be alleviated by the arrival of new coaches which are expected towards the end of 1952. The delivery of new goods rolling stock was nearly completed, only 10 of the 192 wagons ordered remaining outstanding at the end of March 1952.

         4. There was one serious accident during the year. This occurred at Yaumati Station on December 16th, when a passenger train ran into the siding and collided with an engine and several wagons stabled there. The damage to rolling stock was extensive and costly. The accident was caused by a porter acting as a pointsman opening the siding without authority, with a duplicate key, which he had no right to possess but which he had obtained during the Japanese occupation, after the point had been correctly locked and signals pulled off for the passage of a down passenger train. Fortunately, there were no serious injuries or loss of life to passengers or railway personnel.

1

5. The rehabilitation of the railway workshops, which suffered heavily from looting and damage during the war, was completed during the year with the erection of a new foundry to replace the old one which was falling down. The re-railing programme made good progress, but was still behind schedule owing to the difficulty of obtaining sleepers, and work had eventually to be curtailed. All other rehabilitation work was practically finished and, when the new coaches arrive, the railway will be in a better position than in pre-war days so far as rolling stock, equipment, plant and buildings are concerned.

6. Every effort at economy was made during the year but, unfortunately, these efforts were nullified by the rise in prices of many commodities. This was particularly so in the case of coal and fuel oil which rose from an average cost per ton of $83.79 and $136.47 in 1950/51 to $129.59 and $167.20 respec- tively for the year under review. This alone resulted in an increased expenditure of $308,140, despite a cut of 25% in the train service from May 1st. Staff was reduced where practical, and the numbers employed in March, 1952 were 782 as against 858 in March, 1951.

7. Although the future prosperity of the railway depends on a relaxation of the restrictions now in force, it is possible that the post-war development and increase in population of the New Territories might allow of a small profit on working being made from the carriage of local passengers and goods only. Strict economy of operation will be necessary and, from a long term point of view, a more economical method of traction than the use of 2-8-0 austerity locomotives will have to be found for the short journey to the border. Diesels would appear to be the solution when replacements are required.

   8. The question of increasing fares will also have to be considered when the new coaches arrive and passengers can travel without being overcrowded. Local fares have not been increased since 1946, and are only twice those prevailing in 1939.

2

Coal, steel, sleepers, wages etc. are from four to six times higher, and a proportion of these increases must be passed on to the consumer if the railway is to pay its way.

TRAFFIC

9. Traffic earnings showed a decrease of 50.13% on those of the previous year.

         10. In Statement No. 7 at the end of the report, passenger traffic is analysed in the two main categories, i.e., (a) bookings to and from Lowu Station and (b), bookings to and from stations other than Lowu.

(a) Bookings to and from Lowu (non-local).

  Passengers who use Lowu Station-the border and terminal station of the British Section-are principally those going into or leaving China. In addition, the figures include a small percentage of people who visit Lowu to meet their friends from China, or to see them off at the frontier, and local residents from neighbour- ing villages. The large decrease is entirely due to the restriction on travel referred to in paragraph 1.

(b) Bookings to and from stations other than Lowu (local).

Passengers using intermediate stations, i.e., stations other than Lowu, are practically all Hong Kong and New Territory residents. There was an increase of 203,525 in number, or 7.46% over the preceding year; and $15,824 in receipts, an increase of 7.47%. This is attributable to more people picnicking and hiking in the New Territories and to the growth in population.

11. Goods traffic figures, sub-divided into (a) Invoiced to and from Lowu and (b), Invoiced to and from stations other than Lowu, are set out in Statement No. 6 (Part 1).

3

(a) Invoiced to and from Lowu (non-local).

The reasons for the decline in non-local goods traffic were the restrictions on exports brought into force from time to time during the year. This naturally affected the flow of merchandize to and from the Colony as a whole, and railway revenue was considerably affected.

(b) Invoiced to and from stations other than Lowu (local).

The increase in local goods traffic was due to a rise in population in the villages along the railway.

   12. Although both passenger and goods traffic showed a drop compared with the preceding year, it is interesting to record that, on the 29th January 1952-the last day of the Chinese New Year Holidays-41,734 passengers were carried. This number of passengers created a new record for this short railway.

   13. In order to cut down running expenses, a new time- table was brought into operation on May 1st, 1951. The daily train service was reduced to 20 steam and 2 rail-buses with occasional goods trains when required. At week-ends through- out the year, late night leave-specials were run for the benefit of military personnel stationed in the New Territories. During the picnic season (November to March) additional shuttle services were run on Sundays and public holidays between Kowloon, Yaumati and Shatin to relieve congestion on ordinary passenger trains.

   14. Platform tickets were re-introduced on September 1st, 1951, at Kowloon Station. A sum of $3,366.60 was earned from

this source from September to the close of the year.

   15. During the Ching Ming (3.4.51-8.4.51) and Chung Yeung (9.10.51) Festivals-grave visiting days for the Chinese-

4

      special rail-buses were run from Fanling to the Wo Hop Shek cemetery via the branch line.

16. A new signal cabin erected at Hung Hom was brought into use on May 16th, 1951. The exit from and entry into the workshops, carriage sheds and coaling stage were mechanically interlocked with the traffic lines, thus leading to greater safety of operation at this busy point.

17. Train punctuality throughout the year could be regarded as satisfactory despite delays caused by routine Police searches at Fanling or Sheung Shui, and the entraining and detraining of large parties of military personnel on ordinary trains.

Percentage

60.8

Passenger trains

L

No. of trains on time

4,602

""

delayed for less

than 5 minutes

2,331

30.8

""

delayed for 5

minutes and over.

635

8.4

Total number of passenger

trains run

7,568

100.0

Numbers and types of special trains run during the

year were as follows:-

Up

Down Total

Goods (loaded)

179

296

475

(empty)

11

78

89

Passenger

80

53

133

Military

25

25

50

Engine and brakevan

2

6

8

Test train

8

7

15

Ballast train

184

193

377

489

658

1,147

LO

5

18. Accidents were as follows:

Trespassers killed by trains

6

"

injured by trains

2

Passengers injured by trains

Engine failure

4

4

collision

1

Train collision

Derailment

Level crossing gates damaged by motor traffic.

1

3

M

Other railway properties damaged by motor

vehicles

5

Railway pier and pier fixtures damaged by

launch

Fire

Crane falling into the sea

3

2

1

ACCOUNTS GENERAL

19. The working results for the past three years are as

follows:

Year

Gross Receipts

Operating

Nett Operating

Expenses

Revenue

1949/50

$ 7,783,348.81

$3,554,899.47

$4,228,449.34

1950/51

10,366,796.75

4,244,432.92

6,122,363.83

1951/52

5,509,916.32 4,659,784.46

850,131.86

6

20. The various financial and statistical tables may be seen at the end of the report.

21. With reference to the Operating Account (Statement 2) it will be noted that the total operating expenditure amounted to $4,659,784.46 whilst revenue totalled $5,509,916.32, leaving a nett revenue balance of $850,131.86. Although, as recorded

elsewhere in this report, train services were cut during 1951/52, operating expenses were higher than in the previous year. This was caused by (a), the rise in fuel costs, (b), the consolidation of salaries and wages resulting in increased labour costs and (c), the accident at Yaumati in December 1951 which neces- sitated repairs to rolling stock and track costing $153,000.

22. Turning to Capital Expenditure (Statement 1) a sum of $2,538,940.36 was spent during the year under review, the major portion of this expenditure being incurred for new goods. wagons. Investment Assets after allowing for a decrease of $66,028.43, being the cost of rolling stock and plant sold by auction, and the transfer of one 40-ton goods wagon to the Chinese Section to replace one of their wagons damaged in the Yaumati accident, now total $36,070,356.20. An indication of the serious drop in revenue is the fact that nett operating revenue to Capital Expenditure for the past year was only 2.36% as against 18.22% in 1950/51.

=

23. With regard to the Income Account (Statement 3) it will be noted that provision has been made for interest on Government Investments, i.e., on Rehabilitation Loan and Special Expenditure $599,248.28 plus Amortization of Rehabilitation Loan $776,000.00 $1,375,248.28; whilst on the credit side, the total of the nett revenue balance and interest on Depreciation Reserves is $892,649.75 leaving a debit balance of $482,598.53. This amount has been transferred to the Profit and Loss account which records a loss for the year of $530,180.23.

7

MECHANICAL WORKSHOPS

  24. Locomotives, carriages, wagons, tools, plant and equip- ment were maintained to a satisfactory standard for safety and service.

25. Locomotives. Two austerity 2-8-0 locomotives, Nos. 25 and 26 were given major repairs and were converted from oil burning to coal, the Hulson rocking grates being made in the workshops. A 2-6-4 tank locomotive, No. 4, which was damaged in an accident, was also given major repairs which included the straightening of the frames.

      All other locomotives received normal routine medium and light repairs as required.

     There are now eight 2-8-0 coal-burning and four oil- burning austerity locomotives.

The consumption of coal and fuel oil per train- kilometre was lower than the previous year, but the cost was higher owing to increased prices.

The average cost of repairs per locomotive was slightly lower than the previous year due to the reduced kilometrage.

26. Carriages & Wagons. Three carriages were com- pletely rebuilt, the wooden bodies being replaced by steel. All other coaches received medium and light repairs and normal maintenance.

The following all-steel bogie wagons were received from the Crown Agents during the year:-

2

10

10

25

Oil tank wagons (45 metric ton) Flat wagons (45 metric ton)

Lowsided wagons (46 metric ton)

Highsided wagons (45 metric ton)

The average cost of repairs per carriage was slightly

lower than in the previous year, and that of wagons noticeably lower due to the new wagons being in operation.

- 8

        27. Motor vehicles. 2 rail-buses, 3 rail trolleys, 3 motor cars and one lorry received normal maintenance.

toois

28. Machines and hand tools. Machines and destroyed or lost during the Pacific War have now been replaced and rehabilitation of the workshops has been completed.

        29. Work for Government Departments. Considerable re- pair work, as well as the manufacture of spare parts, was carried out in the workshops for the Public Works Department, Royal Observatory, Medical Department, Fire Brigade, Crown Lands & Surveys and the Military Authorities.

        30. Improvements. An important addition to workshop facilities was the provision of

the provision of an internal water supply independent of the Government supply. Water from the hilly area at the back of the shops was diverted into concrete trenches and thence to storage in underground tanks for pumping into overhead tanks. This work, which was completed in October, frees the workshops from the difficulties caused by water shortage, and relieves the Colony's water supply by providing about 35,000,000 gallons of water a year to the railway from streams which normally ran to waste.

           A modern, fireproof foundry was erected by the Engineer for Way & Works Department in March.

31. Statistical Statements Nos. 10, 12 and 13 relating to coal and fuel oil consumption, repairs to locomotives, carriages and wagons (referred to in paragraphs 25 and 26) are at the end of the report.

32. Maintenance.

WAY & STRUCTURES

Way and structures were maintained in

good order during the year.

9

  33. Track. Six and a quarter miles of main line track were renewed, leaving a balance of approximately 5 miles to complete the re-railing programme commenced in 1947/48. The programme is now 12 miles behind schedule as work had to be stopped in December owing to the shortage of hardwood sleepers.

The 2,404 yards of track inside Beacon Hill Tunnel, which were renewed with 110-lb. rails in July 1947, had to be re-railed with 95-lb. rails. Cracks had appeared in the 110-lb. rails, and on two occasions there were fractures. It was con- sidered essential in the interests of safety to replace them.

Various new minor works, the most important being the installation of new crossovers at Lowu, new turnouts at Hung Hom, and track extensions in the carriage sheds etc. were carried out during the year.

34. Rail creep.

            Considerable attention was paid to the control of rail creep in the main line. Creeping gauges were set up at every 1 mile and the creep at each of these gauges was measured monthly. The expansion gaps of rail joints over approximately 7 miles of track which had closed up due to rail creep, were adjusted by the addition of suitable rail anchors. With a total of 8,500 "Henggi" rail anchors and 10,000 elastic spikes inserted in the track, the maximum rail creep measured in March, 1952, was 3 inches. This was a great improvement compared to the maximum of 60 inches recorded in 1950-51.

35. Tunnels and bridges. About 20 feet of cracked brick arch inside Beacon Hill tunnel was strengthened with reinforced concrete arch ribs lined with copper sheeting to prevent leaking water from getting onto the track. Minor leakages in several portions of this tunnel were also repaired.

     All other tunnels and bridges were inspected and repairs and improvements were carried out where necessary.

10

36. Cuttings. Two minor landslips in the cuttings at Mile 1 and Mile 31 were repaired.

          Several dangerous boulders in No. 1 cutting were removed or supported by mass concrete. Other works carried out on this cutting were repairs to broken channels and face plasters, and the construction of new concrete face walls. Dangerous cracks were also found in a portion of rock at No. 1 cutting. Investigations were made by inserting pins in the sides. of the cracks, so that movements of these rocks could be studied. Readings were taken at specified intervals from December, 1951, but by the end of the year no signs of movement had been noticed.

37. Station Buildings. All station buildings were main- tained in good order during the year, and repairs and renewals were carried out where necessary.

The steelwork of the platform awnings in Kowloon Station was scraped and painted. New windows and an insula- tion board ceiling were added to the Booking Office, and the whole office was overhauled and decorated. Rotten timbers in the balcony outside the Head Office were replaced and the leaking roof repaired.

          New queue railings were erected in front of the booking office at Yaumati Station.

           The small store-room in Fanling Station was converted into a booking office in order to relieve congestion during rush- hours.

38. Staff quarters. All staff quarters were maintained in as good order as funds permitted during the year.

Construction of a block of new quarters consisting of 8 flats was commenced at Yaumati in February. By the end of March, all reinforced concrete frames, floor slabs and the roof were completed.

11

Electrical appliances and hot water systems were installed in "A" and "B" Quarters, Hung Hom.

39. Land. The following areas of railway land were leased for various purposes:

435,858 sq. ft. for Military camps etc.

6,000

""

""

??

12,700

""

""

2,856

""

""

??

3,000

19

62,913

14,551

a Bible Auditorium (Seventh

Day Adventists)

a motor garage

storage

film-titling studio

""

""

""

cultivation and gardening

""

various other purposes

Total 537,878 sq. ft.

Approximately 231,500 sq. ft. of railway land at Hung Hom were utilized by other Government Departments for rice godowns, a cemetery depot and a police camp.

40. Advertising space. Advertising space let out during the year was 7,350 sq. ft. Revenue from this source amounted to $98,738.48.

STORES

41. A complete check of all stores by a Board of Survey in February 1952, showed them to be correct and in good order.

A comparative statement of purchases for the years

1950/51 and 1951/52 is given below:-

Coal

Furnace Oil Petrol

Lubricating Oil Rolling Stock

1950/51

$ 481,725.15

329,710.06

3,524.00

30,056.30 5,484,291.18

1951/52

$ 966,976.95

134,139.72

4,607.20 28,880.31

1,716,949.95

12

1950/51

1951/52

Govt. Stores (General).

94,146.72

112,605.95

Other Govt. Depts.

6,274.70

418.44

Local Purchase

350,523.86

181,589.83

Crown Agents (General)

452,855.14

528,175.28

Total

$7,233,107.11

$3,674,343.63

         42. Coal. The total amount of coal purchased during the year was 6,847 tons, an increase of 347 tons on the previous

year.

The increase was due to the greater use of coal in place of higher-priced fuel oil. From the following paragraph, it will be seen that the increase was more than offset by a reduction in fuel oil consumption.

4

X

         43. Oil. The price at the commencement of the year was $150.81 per ton. By July, it rose to $165.81 and for the last eight months was $177.81 per ton. With the price of oil at this level, it was necessary, on grounds of economy, to restrict its use as much as possible. In consequence, the total consumption of fuel oil was only 785 tons compared with 2,423 tons for the previous year and resulted in a reduction in actual cost of $195,570.34.

R

44. Local purchases (general). Local purchases are made either direct from local firms or through Government Stores if the latter's prices are lower. There was a decrease of $95,225 from last year's direct local purchases from firms but a slight increase in purchases through Government Stores.

45. Crown Agents.

                   The following summary gives the value of stores and equipment received from the Crown Agents during the year:-

Rolling stock

Workshop equipment, plant, tools and stores for the Mechanical Engineer's Department

$1,716,994.95

309,966.00

13

Railway materials and the steel structure

for the new foundry shop

Other miscellaneous stores

$ 167,600.00

11,502.00

   46. Revenue from the sale of old unserviceable stores during the year amounted to $264,681.13.

STAFF

   47. The establishment at the end of the year consisted of the following staff:-

88 Permanent and pensionable

304 Monthly paid

390 Daily paid

782

This was a reduction of 76 over the previous year.

Mr. Hu Kwok Leung, B.Sc. (H.K.), Engineer for Way & Works, proceeded on leave prior to retirement on August 13th, 1951, after completed 33 years service. He was awarded the M.B.E. in the New Year's Honours List.

All Station Masters, Guards, Signalmen, Railway Clerks Class I and II passed the annual examination in first aid.

The health of the staff during the year was generally

good.

A. E. PERRY,

Acting General Manager, Railway.

14

J

SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL RESULTS OF THE PAST THREE YEARS

Head No.

List of Heads

1 Route Kilometrage Operated

Gross Railway Receipts

3 Railway Operating Expenditure

1949/50

1950/51

1951/52

36

36

36

$7,783,349 10,366,797 5,509,916

$ 3,554,900 4,244,433

4,659,784

4

Net Operating Revenue

$ 4,228,449 6,122,364 850,132

5

Percentage of Railway Operating Expenditure to

Gross Operating Revenue

45.67

40.94

84.57

6

Capital Expenditure

$26,442,500 33,597,444 | 36,070,356

Percentage of Net Operating Revenue to Capital

Expenditure

15.99

18.22

2.36

8

Gross Railway Receipts

Operated

per Route Kilometre

$ 216,204

287,967

153,060

9

Railway Operating

Expenditure per Route

Kilometre Operated

98,747

117,901

129,438

10

Passenger Receipts:-

(a)

Local Traffic

(b)

Through Traffic

$4,392,786 2,068,647

7,158,207 3,286,350

(c) Total Traffic

$ 6,461,433

7,158,207 3,286,350

11

Percentage of Passenger Receipt to Gross Railway

Receipts

83.02

69.05

59.64

12

Number of Passenger Journeys:-

(a) Local Traffic

(b) Through Traffic

(c) Total Traffic

13

Goods Receipts:-

(a) Local Traffic

(b)

Through Traffic

(c) Total Traffic

14

Percentage of Goods Receipts to Gross Railway

Receipts

4,312,400

6,055,398

3,512,835

952,030 5,264,430

6,055,398 3,512,835

716,365 2,871,215 1,720,555

44,690

761,055

2,871,215 1,720,555

9.78

15

Tons of Goods Hauled

104,297

27.70

371,789

31.23

236,878

16 Revenue from other

sources: ----

49/50

50/51

51/52

Rentals

$352,180

118,705

100,425

Haulage Receipts

***

23,570

Incidentals

66,245 118,903 6,510

Advertising

75,624 82,228

98,738

Profits on Central

Mechanical Works 18,392 17,539 32,883

Interchange of

Rolling Stock

.....

24,849

Sale of Surplus &

Condemned Stores

264,455 $ 560,860

337,375

503,011

7.20

3.25

9.13

17

Percentage of Revenue from Other Sources to

Gross Railway Receipts

15

URBAN COUNCIL PUBLIC LIBRARIES

STATEMENT NO.

At the beginning of the year 1.4.51

New Lines :| Extention:

Part I-Construction Accounts

C- 1 General Expenditure

C- 2 Preliminary Expenditure

770,814.12

80,045.23

C- 3

Land

5,210,696.83

C- 4

Formation

2,717,610.62

C- 5

Tunnels

3,584,168.19

C- 6 Bridgework

1,327,901.17

C- 7 Line Protection

90,074.47

C- 8 Telegraph & Telephones

C- 9

Track

10,000.00

4,318,661.16

C-10 Signals & Switches

186,984.70

C-11 Stations & Buildings

1,887,479.44

C-12 Central Mechanical Works

553,234.15

C-14 Plant

C-15 Rolling Stock

C-17 Docks, Harbour & Wharves

*

Total Cost

1,823,693.02

10,970,910.11

65.171.06

33,597,444.27

(A) One turning wheel lathe 84" diameter swing motor drive

sold by auction

$

25,00

One wheel hydraulic press-300 lbs. per inch sold by auction

One diesel engine 1 cycle 525 r.p.m. sold by auction

One gasoline engine generator set 50A. A.C. 1700 r.p.m. sold

by auction

3,00

6(

3!

40

One power hack saw 12′′ stroke sold by auction

One 350V. 3-phase 50 cycles A.C. 2900 r.p.m. 4 H.P. Motor

sold by auction

16

$ 29,3!

|'ITAL EXPENDITURE

During the year

Additions and

Betterments

Property Abandoned

Nett Capital Expenditure

At the end of the

year 31.3.52

770,814.12

80,045.23

5,210,696.83

756.62

15,769.23

756.62 15,769.23

2,718,367.24

3,599,937.42

1,327,901.17

90,074.47

10,000.00

259,689.85

6,266.46

259,689.85

4,578,351.01

6,266.46

193,251.16

185,267.04

185,267.04

2,072,746.48

14,986.54

14,986.54

568,220.69

139,758.58

(A) 29,390.00

110,368.58

1,934,061.60

1,916,446.04

(B) 36,638.43

1,879,807.61

12,850,717.72

65,171.06

Į 2,538,940.36

66,028.43

2,472,911.93

36,070,356.20

One 5 ton (Loco Steam Crane) sold by auction

One 40 ton Wagon No. 40401 transferred to C.H.R., Canton

Section

Special Expenditure 1951/52

Expenditure from Loan Funds

$ 25,716.38

10,922.05

$ 36,638.43

$ 765,090.49

1,949,016.45

Less portion of Special Expenditure charged to Operating

Expenditure not due for inclusion in Capital A/c.

17

$2,714,106.94

175,166.58

$2,538,940.36

Percentage

on total Operating Expenditure

Previous year

STATEMENT NO.

Current year

Operating Expenses

Amount

Amount

Percen

on to Operat Expendi

Main Line

435,982.17 E-1 General Expenses

384,850.18

6.83

289,847.85

Administration

270,420.51

10

5

3.44

146,134.32

Special

114,429.67

2

12.77

541,993.10 E-2 Traffic Expenses

606,540.15

13

1,625,869.44 E-3 Running

1,965,062.78

Expenses

28.11

1,193,061.75

Locomotives

1,455,737.81

31

6.79

288,020.91

Carriage &

360,277.62

7

Wagons

.69

29,240.75

Motor Vehicles

22,169.63

2.72

115,546.03

Traffic

126,877.72

E-4 Main. of

Equipment

23.09

980,243.46

Locomotives

Department

15.31

649,797.37

.25

10,547.38

100.00

(1)

920,048.70

19

660,344.75 E-5 Main. of W. & S.

783,282.65

Engineering

779,912.21

16

Department

Other Depts,

3,370.44

4,244,432.92

6,122,363.83

10,366.796.75

Operating Expenditure

(2) Portion of Special Expenditure Chargeable to Revenue (3) Depreciation on Rolling Stock

(4) Cost of living allowance

(5)

Services rendered by Government etc.

(6)

Pensions and Gratuities

(7) Staff passage

18-

4,659,784.46

850,131.86

100

5,509,916.32

$3,404,040.00

175,166.58

420,369.18

505,629.96

15,434.81

133,945.53

5,198.40

$4,659,784.46

RATING ACCOUNT

Previous year

ntage

tal

             ting nue

Current year

Percentage

on total Operating Revenue

Operating Revenue

Amount

Amount

1.77

7,025,945.80

Local Service

3,080,711,97

55.91

R-1 Passenger

Service, Passenger

41.28

132,260.70

R-2 Passenger

Service, Other

205,637.55

3.73

2.97

2,381,101.70

R-3 Goods Service,

Goods

1,412,775.75

25.64

.67

1.06

69,352.50

420,761.18

Terminal Charge

48,139.60

.88

R-4 Goods Service,

Other

259,639.59

4.71

.17

177

17,538.61

R-7 Profit on

32,883,21

.60

Central

Mechanical

Works

1.14

118,705.21

1.94

R-8 Rents

100,424.84

201,131.05 10,366,796.75 R-9 Incidental

Revenue

6,510.13

1.82

.12

R-10 Advertising

98,738.48

1.79

R-11 Sale of Surplus

& Condemned Stores

264,455.20 5,509,916.32

4.80

at 5.00

10,366,796.75

10,366,796.75

(1)

Net Revenue *

(2)

ེ་

(3)

(4)

Government transportation:-

(a) Passenger

(b) Goods

Government Rental

Profit on work done for Government

5,509,916.32

100.00

5,509,916.32

$5,432,096,10

76,971.15

192.00

657.07

$5,509,916.32

is does not include a sum of $15,075.33 being outstanding revenue for 1951/52 collected

1952/53.

19

Previous Year

STATEMENT

Part

Current Y

I-12

372,657.02

Interest on Government

Investments

(A) 599,248

776,000.00

I-14

Amortization of Rehabilita-

tion Loan

(C) 776,000

1,148,657.02

5,001,511.78

Total

Balance

1,375,248

6,150,168.80

Total

1,375,248

(A) Interest on Rehabilita- tion Loan up to 1950/51

Less Amortization of

Rehabilitation Loan up to 1950/51

Interest on Special

Expenditure up to 1950/51

$11,405,840.88

2,328,000.00

$ 9,077,840.88 @ 31% $317,724.43

$ 8,043,538.69 @31% $281,523.85

(1939-50 $6,890,131.74)

(1950-51 $1,153,406.95)

20

$599,2

- INCOME

› Account

vious Year

$

Current Year

¡,122,363,83

I-1

Balance, net revenue

850,131.86

27,804.97

1-3

Interest on Depreciation

Reserves

(B) 42,517.89

¡,150,168.80

¡,150,168.80

Total

892,649,75

Balance

482,598.53

Total

1,375,248.28

Interest on Depreciation Reserves up to 1951/52 31% on $1,214,796.89

Fourth instalment of the K.C.R. repayment over twenty five years of Re-

habilitation Loan $19,400,000.00 *

* This sum was reduced to $18,338,000.00 for the 1951/52 financial year.

21

Previous year

Part II Pro

Current ye:

$

PL-5

Balance of the year

482,598.!

1,644.70

PL-6

Loss on Property retired

(D) 48,306.'

1,644.70

4,999,867.08

Total Balance

530,905.2

5,001,511.78

Total

530,905.2

(D) Loss on one turning wheel lathe 84" diameter, swing motor drive sold by auction book value.. Actual amount realized by sale

Loss on one 5 ton Loco Steam Crane sold by

auction book value

$25,000.00

7,200.00 $17,80

25,716.38

Actual amount realized by sale

6,131.73

19,58

Loss on one 40 ton Wagon No. 40401 transferred

to C.H.R., Canton Section

10,92

Total net losses

$48,30

Previous year

8,989,285.12

8,989,285.12

Part III Surp

Current yea

$

S-4

S-5

Deficit for the year

530,180.2

Deficit from previous year

Total

530,180.2

Surplus carried to Balance

Sheet

8,459,104.8

Total

8,989,285.1

22

| Loss Account

evious year

Current year

$ 5,001,511.78

$

PL-1

Balance of the year

I

PL-2

Profit on sale of assets

(E)

725.00

5,001,511.78

Total

725.00

Balance

530,180.23

5,001,511.78

Total

530,905.23

Gain on

one diesel engine one cycle 525 R.P.M. sold by auction

$ 1,250.00

>

Book value

Gain on one gasoline engine generator set 50 A.

600.00 $ 650.00

J

A.C. 1700 r.p.m. sold by auction

Book value

propriation Account

evious year

425.00

350.00

75.00

Total gains

$ 725.00

Current year

           $ 1,999,867.08 6,989,418.04

S-1

Surplus for the year

S-2

Surplus from previous year..

8,989,285.12

,989,285.12

Total

8,989,285.12

Deficit carried to Balance

Sheet

8,989,285.12

Total

8,989,285.12

23

STATEMENT NO. 4

Assets or Debit Balance

Balance at beginning of year

Heads of classification

Balance at close of year

Increase

Decre

$

B-6 Investment Assets :-

33,597,444.27

B-6-1 Cost of Road & Equipment

36,070,356.20

2,472,911.93

33,597,444,27

Total Investment Assets

36,070,356.20

2,472,911.93

B-7 Working Assets:---

17,831.95

B-7-1-1 Cash

10,352.33

7,

B-7-3-3 Home line

37,539.00

B-7-4-2 Sundry Debtors

23,010.75

14,

3,500.00

562,096.43 817.80

B-7-4-3 Advance A/C B-7-5 Stores

B-7-5-1 Workshop Suspense

23,891.00

20,391.00

615,742.99

53,646.56

4,995.44

4,177.64

621,785.18

Total Working Assets

677,992.51

78,215.20

22,1

9,325,499.53

D-8 Deferred Debit Items:- D-8-1 Temporary Advances to

Government

9,120,159.11

9,325,499.53

9,120,159.11

205,

205,

B-9 Balance of Accumulated Deficit

43,544,728.98

45,868,507.82

2,551,127.13

227,

Subhead

1

2

AT

3

Building

Equipment & tools

General repairs

4

Permanent way

5

Rolling stock

Motor transport

24

STATEMENT NO.

Funds Allocated

Item

Total Expend up to 31.3.1!

576,500.00

2,425,300.00

549,814.

2,158,044.

747,000.00

707,866..

2,494,200.00

1,885,257.

12,063,100.00

6,073,028.!|

31,900.00

31,829.'

18,338,000.00

11,405,840.

·AL BALANCE SHEET

Liabilities or Credit Balance

nce

at

nning

Heads of classification

year

Balance at close of year

Increase

Decrease

$

7,444.27

B-1 Capital Liabilities:- B-1-3 Permanent Government

Investment

36,070,356.20

2,472,911.93

- 7,444.27

Total Capital Liabilities

36,070,356,20

2,472,911.93

3,373.42

B-2 Working Liabilities:- B-2-2 Traffic Balance payable

(Foreign Railway)

85,306.61

8,066.81

0,144.39 B-2-2-1 Traffic Balance Payable

(Home Line) 7,539.00 B-2-4-2 Sundry Creditors

1,056.81

30,144.39

23,010.75

14,528.25

Total Working Liabilities

108,317.36

52,739.45

4,427.71 2,515.07

B-3 Deferred Credit Items:- B-3-3 Depreciation Reserves B-3-5 Miscellaneous Deferred

1,214,796.89

420,369.18

Credits

15,932.48

$ 6,942.78

1,230,729.37

13,417.41

433,786.59

9,285.12

B-4 Appropriation from Surpluses

8,459,104.89

530,180.23

+ 4.728.98

45,868,507.82

2,906,698.52

582,919.68

Į HABILITATION LOAN

ilway

sed Allocation

Expenditure during 1951/52

Total expenditure up to 31.3.52 & lapsed

Balance

allocation

85.89

26,366.62

576,266.62

233.38

67,255.49

135,775.59

2,361,075.59

64,224.41

4,133.65

34,208.19

746,208.19

8,942.76

15,769.23

1,909,969.23

71.08

1,736,896.82

7,809,996.82

791.81

584,230.77

4,253,103.18

70.25

31,900.00

80,559.12

1,949,016.45

-

25

13,435,416.45

4,902,583.55

S

Previous Year

Revenue

STATEMENT NO. 5 - AN.

Kinds of Tickets Used

Part I-Passenger

Cu: (April 19

Number Originat Home L

Ordinary:-

272,612.65

First

1,083,510.10

Second

5,161,005.40

Third

Government:-

6,199.95

First

7,278.70

Second

26,386.85

Third

Excursion:-

37,734.20

First

59,149.35

Second

14,961.80

Third

Platform Tickets

118,802.40

Excess Fare

Season & Monthly Tickets:-

7,845.25

First

64,130.85

Second

81,935.00

Third

83,164.25

Scholar Tickets

1,229.05

Golfing Tickets

(A)

7,025,945.80

Total Part I

(A) Home Line

Foreign

Government

$6,911,370.10

114,575.70

$7,025,945.80

26

70,7

340,€

2,384,8

GO LO σ

3,8

5,6

19,2

Mmm

30,8

109,4

20,8

16,8

7,7

61,E

186,5

253,1

1,2

3,512,8

1 OF PASSENGER SERVICE

(R-I Passenger)

h 1952)

Percentage of

o. of

Jnits arried

Passenger

Revenue

Kilometres

Number Carried

Passenger Kilometres

Revenue

70,741

1,405,977

128,762.30

2.01

2.02

3.92

340,327

6,763,999

509,551.80

9.69

9.73

15.50

384,820

47,398,297

1,930,513.62

67.89

68.22

58.74

3

3,864

76,797

6,204.80

.11

.11

.19

5,694

113,168

7,075.10

.16

.16

.22

19,220

381,997

16,265.50

.55

.49

30,885

613,839

43,196.25

.88

.88

1.31

109,445

2,175,219

110,180.85

3.12

3.13

3.35

20,823

413,857

15,863.30

.59

.60

.48

16,833

3,366.60

.48

.10

41,329.55

1.26

7,720

153,435

9,146.00

.22

.22

.28

61,520

1,222,710

60,510.00

1.75

1.76

1.84

186,520

3,707,085

114,944.05

5.31

5.34

3.51

253,160

5,031,555

80,523.25

7.21

7.24

2.45

1,263

25,102

3,279.00

.03

.04

.10

(B)

512,835

69,483,037

3,080,711.97

100.00

100.00

93.74

(B) Home Line

Foreign

Government

27

$3,004,748.82

75,963.15

$3,080,711.97

Previous Year

Revenue

STATEMENT NO. 5- AN

Part II

Passen

Cu

(April 1

Kinds of Tickets Used

Baggage & Specie:-

7,758.45

Public

Government

Parcels:-

11,038.10

Public

Railway Service

Carriage & Animals

Public

112,261.65

Special Train:-

Public

Government

Postal:-

1,202.50

Miscellaneous

(C)

132,260.70

Total Part II

7,158,206.50

(C) Home Line

Foreign

Total Part I & II

Government

$131,058.20

1,202.50

132,260.70

28

OF PASSENGER SERVICE

ce

(R-2 Other )

11952)

Revenue

Percentage of

Revenue

5,535.20

.17

2,231.90

共圖

.07

196,862.45

(D) Home Line

Foreign

Government

1,008.00

5.99

S

.03

(D) 205,637.55

JC

6.26

3,286,349.52

100.00

1

29

$204,629.55

1,008.00

205,637.55

Previous Year

Revenue

STATEMENT NO. 6 - AN

Part I- Good:

Kind of Goods

Cu

(April 19

Nu

Kilog

General Merchandise.

935,188.00

1,473,285.00

Inwar

Invoiced to and from Lowu

Outwa

4,243.00

Invoiced to and from stations other

Inwar

37,738.20

than Lowu

Outwa

2,450,454.20

Total Part I

Part II

Good:

6,400.00

Shunting

414,161.18

Handling Receipts

200.00

Demurrage

420,761.18

Total Part II

2,871,215.38

Total Part I & II

STATEMENT NO. 7- SUMM

Passe

Cu (April

Previous Year

Revenue

Passenger Traffic

Passenger Service.

2,205,119.00

Inwar

Bookings to and from Lowu

2,588,720.00

Outwal

1,104,853.00

Bookings to and from stations other

Inwar

than Lowu

1,012,676.00

Outwa

6,911,368.00

Total

30

OF GOODS SERVICE

(R 3 Goods)

Percentage of

1952)

d

Kilogram Kilometres

Revenue

Kilograms Carried

Kilogram Kilometres

Revenue

32,260

2,594,328,668

659,871.40

55.10

55.10

38.35

40,210 1,839,236,674

732,602.40

39.07

39.07

42.58

08,800

43,899,900

6,327.10

.93

.93

.37

96,970 230,489,778

62,114.45

4.90

4.90

3.61

178,240

4,707,955,020 1,460,915.35

100.00

100.00

84.91

(R 4 Other)

大圖

1,265.00

258,374.59

.07

15.02

259,639.59

15.09

1,720,554.94

100.00

MOCAL AND NON LOCAL

Percentage of

ch 1952)

ber of

Passenger

enger

Revenue

Kilometres

Number Carried

Passenger Kilometres

Fried

ARIE

Revenue

82,515

5,614,985

99,992 5,962,341

02,882 27,882,279 1,065,038.25

27,446 30,023,432 1,140,361.42

443,998.35

8.04

8.08

14.41

431,313.95

8.54

8.58

14.00

39.94

40.13

34.57

43.48

43.21

37.02

12,835 69,483,037 3,080,711.97

100.00

100.00

100.00

31

STATEMENT NO. 8

Tabular Summary of Unallocated Stores

1. Stock on hand as at 1st April, 1951

$ 556,680.95

225.93

Add adjustment

Actual stock on hand as at 1st April, 1951

556,906.88

2. Add purchases, returns & charges

3. Deduct issues to votes & services as credited to expen-

diture sub-head

4. Deduct proceeds of sale of stores as credited to revenue

5. Transfers between stores

Carried forward

3,674,630.04

4,231,536.92

3,606,202.59

625,334.33

2,713.10

622,621.23

622,621.23

32

i

6. Adjustments

Brought forward

Add stores received in 1951/52 but paid for in 1950/51

622,621.23

5,478.59

628,099.82

Add stores received in 1951/52 but paid for in 1952/53

15.25

628,115.07

共圖

59,239.82

Less stores paid for in 1951/52 but not received

568,875.25

7. Deduct losses & deficiency written off

12,621.11

ONG KO

8. Add misallocation too late for adjustment

9. Less unaccountable difference

B LTC......

556,254.14

IBR

266.91

556,521.05

5.60

- 10.

Stock on hand as at 31st March, 1952

$556,515.45

33

STATEMENT 9-ANALYSIS OF

Classification

(April Oil Engine Kilometrage

1950/51

1951

Passenger by B.S. Engine

120,815.30

49,5

Train Kilome-

trage

Mixed Slow Goods

11,731.85

""

""

"

23,863.64

5,8

""

29

Military Special Ballast Train

do

6,332.33

do

562.84

Total Train

Kilometrage by B.S. Engine

163,305.96

56,€

Loco. by B.S. Engine

172,518.71

60,1

Loco.

Kilome-

Light Engine

do

7,457.51

1,8

trage

Shunting Engine do

-

Total Loco.

Kilometrage by B.S. Engine

179,976.22

62,0

STATEMENT 10-COST FOR RUNNING COAL BURNING LOCOMOT

(April 1951-March 1952)

Previous Year

1950/51

$

Current

1951/5

$

500,244.10

1.

Total Cost of Coal

758,163.

83.792

2.

Average Cost Per Ton

129:

1.52

3.

Cost Per Train Kilometrage

2.

5,970.07

4.

Total Weight of Coal (Ton)

5,850,

18.39

5.

Weight Per Train km, in kg.

17.

842.48 6.

Total Weight of Coal for Shunting (Ton)

712.

15.63 7.

Weight per Shunting Km. in Kg.

13.

STATEMENT 11-CONSUMPTION OF LUBRICANTS FOR LOCOMOT

(April 1951-March 1952)

Previous Year

1950/51

$ 4,513.53

.824

1,839.62

.336

1. Total Weight of Engine Oil (Gals.) 2. Weight per 100 Engine Km. in Gals. Total Weight of S.H. Cylinder Oil

(Gals.)

3.

4. Weight per 100 Engine Km. in Gals.

-

34

Current

1951/5

$ 3,023.

1,103:

♪ LOCOMOTIVE KILOMETRAGE

1952)

Coal Engine

Kilometrage

Total Kilometrage

Rail-bus Kilometrage

50/51

1951/52

1950/51

1951/52

1950/51

1951/52

* 572.04

284,325.70

392,387.34

333,834.19

7.981.00 26,695.00

391.64

33,123.49

192.26

26,538.76

51,055.90

32,362.23

* 153.82

892.33

$568.92

18,573.48

#378.68

330,330.27

493,184.64

9,486.15 1,625.84 7,131.76 19,205.82

387,028.08

133.00

2,949.00

10,930.00 30,610.00

3,782.00

X052.18

#543.18

350,152.77 8,425.34

520,570.89

410,350.49

27,100.69

10,269.84

750.00 54,900.00

54,750.00

54,900.00

445.36 413,478.11

602,421.58

475,520.33

EMENT 12-COST FOR RUNNING FURNACE OIL BURNING LOCOS

(April 1951-March 1952)

ious Year 950/51

9,877.34

136.475 1. 2.08 $2,490.40 15.49

1. Total Cost of Furnace Oil

2. Average Cost per ton

3. Cost per Train Kilometrage

4. Total Weight of Furnace Oil (Ton) 5. Weight per Train Km. in Kg.

Current Year 1951/52

$139,782.95

STATEMENT 13- COST ASSIGNMENT AND STATISTICS

Hious Year

950/51

1,645.16

.61

0,360.25

1,287.86

(April 1951-- March 1952)

1. Average Cost of Repair per Locos.

per annum

2. Average Cost of Locos. Repairs per

Engine Km.

3. Average Cost of Repairs

Passenger Car per annum

4. Average Cost of Repair per Goods

Wagon per annum

167.706

2.47 833.50

14.94

Current Year 1951/52

$ 20,618.76

.74

per

9,686.06

523.10

.0291

.0120

4.18

.0303 5. Average Cost of Engine Oil per

engine Km. for Locomotives.

.0141 6. Average Cost of S. H. Cylinder Oil

engine Km. for Locomotives 7. Average Cost of Lubricants per gal.

3.65

35

STATEMENT 14-CLASSIFICATIO

(April 1

1

2

3

4

5

6

Gr

We

Diameter

Diameter

of Ei

Engine No.

Wheel Dis-

of

of

Stroke

Tank or

& T

tribution

Cylinder

Driving

Tender

in to

Wheel

wor

or

34

3

4-6-4

22"

28"

611′′

Side Tank

10

4

2-6-4

19"

26"

611"

9-

1 & 2

2-6-0

171"

24"

42"

21 to 32

2-8-0

19"

28"

561"

Saddle Tender

5

""

12

RB-1 Railbus 6 Cyl

Bedford

38"

31′′

31"

RB-2 Railbus 6 Cyl. Dodge

31"

45"

31"

1

P

STATEMENT 15-CLASSIFICATIO)

(April 1

2

3

Average Tare of each class (Ton)

Seati

Capac

(Passem

Classification

First Class Carriage

35 tons 10 cwt.

First Class Carriage

35

8

First & Second Class Composite Carriage

30

6

First & Second Class Composite Carriage

33

11

Second Class Carriage

33

18

Second Class_Carriage

45

Third Class Carriage

33

19

Third Class & Brake Composite

32

18

50 00 00

36

thi

ING STOCK-MOTIVE POWER

11 1952)

otives

the year

during the year

9

10

11

12

13

1

at

Addition Reduction

gin- during

of

Weight on Driving Wheel

14

15

Total

stock at the end of

Average

Tractive effort

age of

Max.

Each

@ 85%

Class

Axle

the year

Eng.

Load

ear

(Tons)

Boiler Pressure

(Tons)

HHNNTRO

1122

27

60

20

33714

39

51

17

23350

10

46.05

15.35

26775

7

61.25

15.31

34215

6

16

Mrs

1

1

15

1

1

5

RAC & SAE Rating 26.33 H.H. 55 Passengers

SAE 25.35 H.P.

55 Passengers

ลง

2

2

LING STOCK - CARRIAGE

1952)

4

5

1 Stock

the inning

year

Additions during the year

F

222142

16

5

34

6

7

8

Total Stock

Reductions during

Total seating

the year

at the

beginning the year

capacity (Passenger)

37

16

2221420OL

96 108

90

56 256

156 2,048

5

290

34

3,100

STATEMENT 16-CLASSIFICATIO]

(April 1

1

2

3

Overall

Average

Carr

Classification

Length of

Tare of

Wagon

each class

Capa

Ton

Cwt.

T

Tank (in Covered Wagon) 20 ton

Tank, Oil, (10,000 gals of water)

35'- 0"

20

3

41'- 1"

21

19

Flat

30 ton

35'- 0"

12

00

8

28

20

44

30

Flat

40 ton

37'-10"

14

6

40

Flat

45 metric ton

45'- 0"

17

12

45

Flat

80 ton

32'- 0"

27

13

80

Low-sided Open 46% metric ton

45'- 0*

18

12

45.7

High-sided Open

15 ton

19'- 0*

7

0

15

30 ton

35'- 0"

14

2

30

""

""

...

"

45% metric ton

45'- 0"

19

12

44.2.

""

Covered

15 ton

19'- 0"

8

19

15

30 ton .....

35'- 0"

15

7

30

"

29

(Cattle Truck)

30 ton

35'- 0"

15

7

30

Covered

40 ton

37'-10"

18

14

40)

44 metric ton

40'- 0"

19

2

20

0

441

Well

50 ton

32'- 0"

25

12

501

NOTE: (A)

Received from Crown Agents.

(B) 6 Nos. converted to temporary 3rd class passenger cars.

   (C) 1 No. transferred to C.H.R. for similar one of theirs destroyed in accident on British Section.

38

ALING STOCK-GOODS WAGONS

1952)

5

I Stock

the

inning

6

7

Additions during

Reductions during the year

8

Total Stock

at the end of the year

9

Total Carrying Capacity

the year

e year

El 2

10

5

2 (A)

2

7

Ton

40

311

240

10

5

200

10 (A):

10

450

2

2

160

+-

TH4

10 (A)

10

4531

14

210

L3

13

390

25 (A)

25

1,110

2 2~

2

30

29 (B)

3

29

870

90

2

1

LIC

1 (C)

1

40

130

5,720

1

50

6

47

1

262

10,365

39

STATEMENT 17-CLASSIFICATION OF ROLLING STOCK-SERVICE EQUIPMENT

(April 1951-March 1952)

2

3

6

Total Stock

Classification

Average Tare of each class

at the

beginning of the year

Additions

during

the year

Reductions Total Stock during

at the end

the year

of the year

Ton

Cwt.

65 ton Break-down crane

87

1

10

10 ton Locomotive crane

1

1

|

5 ton Locomotive crane

31

10

1

RT-1 Motor trolley

2

1

1

RT-2 Motor trolley

2

1

1

RT-3 Motor trolley

J

1 (B)

1

1

1 (A)

1

1

1

5

1

1

5

NOTE: (A) Scrapped by Board of Survey

(B) Transferred from Engineer of Way & Works