Anglo-Chinese Calendar 1847 | Directory

Rd.. E. C. Bridg

AN

ANGLO-CHINESE CALENDAR

FOR THE YEAR

1847,

4

CORRESPONding to the YEAR FOR THE CHINESE CYCLE ERA

4484,

OR THE 44TH YEAR OF THe 75th cycLE OF SIXTY;

BEING THE 27TH YEAR OF THE REIGN OF TA'UKWA'NG.

CANTON :

printed at the office OF THE CHINESE REPOSITORY.

1847.

 

THE CHINESE CYCLE OF SIXTY YEARS,

Commences with the 61st year of the emperor Wangtí,

2637 years, B.C.

甲子 甲戌

甲午 甲申

甲辰

甲寅

1804

1814

1824

1834

乙丑乙亥

乙酉

1805

1815

1825

1835

丙寅

丙子

丙戊

丙申

1806

1826

1807

1827

戊辰

戊子 戊寅|

戊戌

1808

1818

1828

巳己

已如

已如「已丑

1809

1819

1829

庚午

庚辰

庚辰庚寅

庚子

1810

辛未

1811

壬申

1812

1820

1830

辛 辛已

1821

1831

壬午

壬辰

壬寅

1822

1832

1816

  丁亥 丁丑

1817

1836

1846

丁 7 未

1837

1838

已亥

1839

1840

辛丑

1847

戊申

1848

巴西

1849

庚戌

1850

辛丑 辛亥

1841

1854

乙外

1855

丙辰

1856

ㄒ已

1857

戊午

1858

已未

1859

庚申

1860

辛酉

1861

壬戌

1862

1844

乙乙 乙

1845

丙午

1851

1842

1852

癸酉

癸未

癸已

癸外癸丑

癸亥

1813

1823

1833

1843

1853

1863

     The Chinese year is luni-solar, comprising twelve lunar months, to which an intercalary month is added, when requisite to preserve correspondence with the solar year. When, during a lunar month, the sun does not enter any sign of the Zodiac, that month is inter- calary and the year contains thirteen months.

ECLIPSES.

1. A partial elcipse of the Moon, March 31, visible at Greenwich. 2. A total eclipse of the Sun, April 14, invisible at Greenwich. 3. A partial eclipse of the Moon,Sept. 24, invisible at Greenwich. 4. An annular eclipse of the Sun, Oct. 8, visible at Greenwich.

·

Jan. 6

Septuagesima...

Jan. 31

Ash Wednesday.. Good Friday,• •

Feb. 17

Apri. 2

FESTIVALS, ANNIVERSARIES, &c.

Epiphany...

Ascension day..... May 13

23

""

""

30

Accession of Victoria June 20

Whit Sunday..

Trinity Sunday.

Easter Sunday.....

""

4 Ist Sunday in advent. Nov. 23

CHNESE TERMS.

Jan. 8.

Siáu-hán, 'little cold,'

15° in Capricorn.

Jan. 20.

Tá-hán, 'great cold,'

Feb. 4.

Lih-chung, 'spring begins,

Feb. 19.Yü-shwui, 'rain and water,'

in Aquarius.

in Pisces.

Mar. 6.

Kin-chih, 'insects excited,'

Mar. 21.

Ch'un-fun' 'vernal equinox,'

in Aries.

Apr. 5.

Tsing-ming, 'clear & bright,'

Apr. 21.

Kuh-yü, 'grain-rain,'

in Taurus.

May. 6.

Lib-hiá, 'summer begins,'

May. 22.

Siáou-mwan, 'grain a lit. full,'

in Gemini.

June 6.

Mang-chung, 'grain spiked,'

June22. H = Hiá-chí, 'summer solstice,

in Cancer.

in Virgo.

July 8.

Siáou-shú, 'little heat;'

July 23.

Tá-shú, ́great heat,'

in Leo.

Aug. 8.

Lib-tsiú, 'autumn begins;'

Aug. 24.

Chu-shú, 'cessation of heat,'

Sep. 8.

Peh-lú, 'white dew,'

Sep. 24.

in Libra.

Oct. 9.Hán-lí. 'cold dew,'

Oct. 24.

Nov. 8

Ts-cúifun, autumnal equinox,'

Shwáng kiáng, 'frost decends,' Lib-tung, 'winter begins,'

Nov. 23.Siau-şieuh, 'little snow,' Dec. 8. Tá-sieuh, 'great.snow,'

Dec. 22. Ạ # Tung-chí, 'winter solstice,

The year 5608 of the Jewish Era çemmences Ramadan, the Turk's month of abstinence The year 1264 of the Mohamm. Era

in Scorpio.

in Sagittarius.

enters Capricorn.

Sept. 11, 1847 Aug. 13, 1847

Dec. 9, 1847

6

JANUARY, 1847-XXXI Days.

Chinese XXVI Year, XIth and XIIth Moons.

      The weather, during this month, is dry cold, and bracing-differing but little, if at all, from that of November and December. The wind blows generally from the north, occasionally inclining to the NE. or NW. A change to the south-which may be expected at intervals of 10 or 15 days, during the winter-causes considerable variation in the teinperature of the atmos- phere.

Days of Days of

month.

moon.

Chronicle of events in China, &c.

3 S

4 m

18

5 t

19

6 w

20

7 t

21

8 f

22

       9 s 10 S

23

1 f

15

2 8 16

17

Trade at Canton reopened, 1839. Captain Gribble seized and brought to Canton 1840. Lin Tsihsu appointed imperial commissioner to

stop the traffic in opium, 1839.

Captain Dicey and his party of the Madagascar

landed in Macao, 1842.

Forts at Chuenpí taken, with great slaughter, 1841.

Gunner of the Lady Hughes strangled at Canton

[in Canton, 1843. 24 British forces visit Tungbwá, 1842.- I ́lípú arrived.

1785.

1) m

25

12 t

26

13 w

27

14 t

28

15 f

29

16 s

30

17 S

1

18 m 19 t

2

3

20 w 21 t

4

5

Twelfth MOON.

C. Marjoribanks, pres. E. I. C.'s left China, 1832.

Elliot and Kishen's treaty, ceding Hongkong, 1841. Mr. Davis, with his fam. sailed for England, 1835.

22 f

6

23 s

24 S

S

125 m 26 t 27 w

9

10

11

[Bremer. St. Paul's chu. Macao, burnt 1835. Hongkong taken possession of, 1841, by. Sir J. J. G., Interview between Kishen and Elliot, 1841.

128

12

29 f

13

30 s

14

[office of intendant 1840.

BLS

15

A Chinese officer arrived in Macao to fill the new

5

FEBRUARY, 1847,-XXVIII Days.

Chinese XXVI-VIIth Year, XIIth and Ist Moons. 、

During this month the thermometer continues low; but the dry bracing cold of the three preceding months is changed for a damp and chilly at- mosphere; the number of fine fair days is much diminished, and cloudy and foggy ones are more frequent in February and March than in any other months. The fog is sometimes so dense as to render objects invisible at a few yards' distance.

Days of Days of

month.

moon.

Chronicle of events in China, &c.

16

2 t

17

3 w

18

4 t

19

5 f

20

6 8

21

7 S

22

8' m

23

Elliot and Gutzlaff visit the city gate Canton, 1835, Inhabitants of Hongkong declared to be [British subjects, 1841.

The Hyacinth enters the harbor of Macao, 1840. Rebellion broke out at Lienchau, 1832. Capt. Halcon, Spa. envoy, arrived in Macao, 1840-

Snow fell in Canton, 1835. Shunchí died 1661.

9 t

24

110 w

25

11 t

26

Kienlung died, 1695.

12 f

27

13 s

14 S

28238

29

15 m

1

16 t

17 w

18 19*

  20 8 21 S

22

E -

Empress of China died 1840. Elliot's second in- terview with Kishen, 1841.

CHINESE NEW YEAR'S DAY.

Coroner's inquest at the Othalmic hospital at 2 Canton, 1839.

Canton, 1839. Ports of Hongkong and Ting-

       [hái declared free 1841 Boat of the Nemesis fired on at Wangtong, 1841.-

23456789

10

24 w

25 t

26 f

12

27 s

13

23 S

14

|

Med. Missionary Society organized, Canton 1838.

Hostilities with the English resumed, 1841.---

Chusan evacuated by the British forces, 1841,

prisoners Anstruther and others restored. Rewards offered for Englishmen by Lin, 1841.

A Chinese executed before the factories, Canton,

1839. Bogue forts captured, 1841.

=

Walked around Canton with J. G. Bridgman Dr. Ball preached & time in my room 12 prese Lien. Cost &light (Davis dined with,

me

Conversa with Mr. Miadoms teacher afferent four displeasa of faint from Chice Howe go?

me.

Reads. Bronn offied hit dined with

Visited Be Balls with Kivojig koon. th. Mansell calle

love song monith

Mhe. Sad son' dined effent lave ning.

of Dan

Dind with Mr. Gom

 The Bridgman & Kunai Lom went to Hong Kong Went to 52 to with the towell Ralerts Gillespie dire

8 persons present in room to hear Or Ball penis. Visited the. Belly with Knong ko & 2 boys Dimed with my

with my landlord & 13 lite bition)(nor

               other wellson) Dr. Cumming, wired from Men

dromen to 15 or more Sokien frien

m

My teacher z Les Chinements to Portinqua'r garder Don Ball peaded in my room : 15 per

Achick took lodgings with me Went to Foto with Achick & Atreak.

23 persons present in my

my

room at preaching.

A chiash went down to H. Rong brimming went to Macas M. French came to baston

Mr. Byer house began to board with me

J. G. Bridgman went to Fat Shan

d.

Walk'd sound the city with Mefore Roberts, Pearcy & Byerhones

なた

ging of No16. Old bliina St. took two at Dr. Balls.

(Me Ball moved to 145 with family.

Dr. Hopper School arrived from Macas Ship Candace arrived

مد

Da Waffer moved to No. To Danish Hong Walked with the. Bushong Beach the wall of hits thongs. De Baidynman preachd me my room to 25 pou 87. G. Rijdgman north of city "Nighton on the mest began

MARCH, 1847,-XXXI DAYS.

Chinese XXVIIth Year, Ist and IId Moons.

The weather in the month of March is also damp and foggy, but the tem- perature of the atmosphere becomes considerably warmer; to preserve things from damp, it is requisite to continue the use of fires and closed doors, which the heat of the atmosphere renders very unpleasant. From March till July and August, the thermometer steadily increases in height and the heat reaches its maximum degree.

Days of Days of

month.

moon.

Chronicle of events in China, &c.

1 m

15

2 t 3 w

16

17

4 t

18

5 f

19

6 8

20

7 S

21

8 m

22

9 t

10 w

24

1 t

25

12 f

26

13 8

27

14 S

15 m 16 t

30

+7 w

18 t

2

19 f

3

20 s 21 S

4

Sir Hugh Gough arrived at Whampoa, 1841.

lípú died in Canton, 1853.

Napier's fort captured, 1831.

Lin arrived in Canton, 1839. British in Chinhái

and Ningpo attacked, 1842.

British brig Ann lost on Formosa, 1842. Kishen goes a state's prisoner to Peking, 1841.

Chinese forces at Tsv'kí routed, 1841.

SECOND MOON.

Macartneys's embassy leaves

22 m

China 1794.

Canton under British guns, 1841-

Foreigners detained in Canton by Lin, 1939. Armistice agreed upon at Canton, 1841.

British ship Sarah, first free trader, sailed from

Whampoa, 1834.

7 Kíying appointed commander-in-chief, 1842.

23 t

<

24 W

8

125 t

9

-26 f

10

+27

128 S

12

29 m

13

30 t

14

31 w

15

-Captain Elliot forced-his-wato Canton, 1839.

Friend of China commenced, 1842.

Chests of opium, 20,283 surrendered 1839.

A committee for roads appointed in Hongkong 1842.

APRIL, 1847,-XXX Days.

Chinese XXVIIth Year, IId and IIId Moons.

The thick fags which begin to disappear towards the end of March are in April seldom if ever seen. The atmosphere, however, continues damp, and rainy days are not unfrequent. At the same time the themometer gradually. rises, and the nearer approach of the sun renders the heat more perceptable In this and the summer months' southerly winds generally prevail; free- quently however they veer to and blow from the eastward.

Days of Days of

month.

moon.

Chronicle of events in China, &c.

1 t

16

2 f

17

3 s

18

4 S

19

5 m

20

6 t

21

7 w

22

8 t

23

9 f

24

10 s

25

11 S

26

12. m

27

13 t

28

14 w

29

15 t

1

16 f

2

17 s

18 S

Confucius died, at 72, B. c. 429.

Kwoh Síping strangled at Macao, 1838. The emperor's annual ploughing celebrated, 1834.

Ahan visited Dr. Balls.

Kiying appointed imperial commissioner, 1842. H. B. M. commission returned to Canton, 1837..

THIRD MOON. Yishán, Lunwan, and Kí Kung

arrived in Canton, 1841.

THIRD MOON.

  19 m 20 t

21 w

22

23

24 s

587

9

E. I. Company ceased to trade with China, 1834

125 S

11

126

12

27 t

13

28 w

14

29 t

15

30 f

16

Captain (now hon. major) Caine appointed chief

magistrate of Hongkong, 1841.

visited Honam temple with Mr. Byerhouse # English Steam, and several fast boats loaded with soldi

"Hame up to Canto

the Keying gonite visit du J. Davis at the English Consulate,

by English probations

Eglish paldies begin

to return

fir

Hong Kong of the shad of highs, mandarson stored in Thap sam hong

Sinské & two friends visited me

24hearers. Dr. Bridgman preached in

Dined with the Reese off Van Diemen's Land al Visited "Honam temple with ith-Byer house "Emment. to." Hong Kong

M.

Tent with apart

th. Brehouse

my room

th. Relesey. G. Bridg

•Spear died at iplaçad

5th Ahai to Dr. Parkeis tokove tooth pulled. Sea at Dr. Ball Dr. Ball preached to 20 persons in my the Went

deaf lich man to Dr. Par keis Halfitat

with stor with my teacher on personal religion

mith

Serious conversation

Heavy

at 10'olor by i

Went with Mr. Bihorixe to M. Roberts' i

Teacher Szping left one

J.G. Bridge

Hor than read I for, que te ather blinken raught warging off

Macy arrived at #. Trong

retirraid from. H. Krgbev. B

with

Dr. Ball folosity the Sea Witd. t Me Da

...

Ship Sex Witch" saild for. Ve York

    Dr. Bring and batted linen, this dinguish isited 4.1. Ball's with bhim += &.5 others. Chisnese, M. Concert at my house.

Sold an I

Amanae for a fan...

rossed at o Horain, et time at Hor" kwan trong tron him farz In French's teacher Isoyi dined with me Visited Liang offat. I with Dr. Youn

nvited to a blinck dimmer in a large booth by Chim'+ Ayat began to serve me, betong

       Wound off & deft ine, a respectful manner Da Ball & family buent offer up the Canton river.

            Affett mich die Brown Fawn a whinese ReLoatholic Fisit from Me ftansello Muchers returned from Macão. Dined with well. Ryan.

isited

Sick with the draw her.

& diving

a ragt

to study Chinese tones Dined et al II with Hong mon

Visited junks mitte, wille. H. H. B

with Morgn

...་

Boat house in front of days perden set on fid Apple zice ship, grind at Wha... pod. "Mr. Robert's house, robbed

q

*

sant

    2. attempt to fire the boat house in font of the Cardon- Dined at No 12 New China Stornithing beein other room fit mot to Hong Kong call

iller. Ball me Mrs.

Mr. Munsell

Ban

game ill with a fever

shiget gentleman #frisid

Visited day Shim sai old

9

MAY, 1847,-XXXI DAYS.

Chinese XXVIIth Year, IIld and IVth Moons.

     In this month the heat is fully set in, and it is-particularly in Canton, often oppressive, the more so from the closeness of the atmosphere, the winds being usually light and variable. This is the most rainy month in the year, averaging fifteen days and a half of heavy rain; cloudy days with- out rain, however, are of unfrequent occurrence, and one half of the month averages fine sunny weather.

Days of Days of

month.

moon.

Chronicle of events in China, &c.

1 s

17

2 S

18

3 m

19

20

21

S Famine in Kiángnán, Chehkiáng, and Húpeh, 1832. The Hongkong Gazette commenced, 1841.

22. British ops evacuate Ningpo, 1842.

23

21

9 S

25

26

12 w

28

13 t

29

14 f

T

H5 s

16 S

(E. I. Co's garden demolished, by lient-governor

Chú, 1831.

FOURTH MOON.

British forces arrived off Chápú 1842.

5

Chápú carried by storm, 1842.

20

21

S

9

23 S

10

24

25 t

12

1200

13

#27 t

14

128

15

16

130

17

31 m

18

5 British ships at Canton attacked, 1841. The de- livery of the 20,283 chests opium completed, 1839. The foreign factories pillaged, 1841.

Queen Victoria born, 1818.

Canton surrounded by. British forces, 1841.

The city of Canton ransomed for s millions, 1841,

A Congregational Association formed in Canton, 1846 Chinese Repository criminenced, 1832.

....

*

10

JUNE, 1847-XXX DAYS.

Chinese XXVII Year, IVth and Vth Moons.

The month of June is also a very wet month, although, on an average, the number of rainy days is less than in the other summer months. The ther- mometer in June rises several degrees higher than in the month of May, and falls but little at night-it is this latter circumstance chiefly which causes the exhaustion often felt in this country, from the heat of summer-no op- portunity being afforded for regaining strength.

Days of Days of

month.

moon.

Chronicle of events in China, &c.

1 t

19

2 w

20

3 t

21

4'f

5 8

22

Lord J. S. Churchill died off Macao, 1840.

23 Kiying arrived in Canton, 1843.

24

25

26

9 w

27

10 t

28

29

12's

13 S

14 m

15 t

16 w

17 t

18 f

19 s

20 S

21

22 t

€ 7.5

23 w

30

ortuguese prohibited trading at Canton, 1640,

FIFTH MOON. Sir Le F. Senhouse died at Hong-|

kong, 1841.

Russia and China treaty, 1728. Elliot chief sup. of B. trade, 1836. First Hongkong land sale, 1841 3 British troops arrived, before Wúsumg, 1842.

Wúsung taken, 1842.

2 14 67

7 Shanghái occupied by British forces, 1842.

8

9

10

   24 t 25 f

12

13'

26 s

14

27 S

15

23 m

16.

|29' t

17

130⋅ w

18

{

Macartney's embassy arrived, 1793. Victoria's

accession, 1937.

Sir. J. J. G Bremer arrived off Macao- in the

Wellesly, 1840.-

Port of Canton blockaded by English forces, 1840.

The destruction of 20,283 chests of opium com-

pleted by Lin' at the Bogue.

Treaty of Nanking exchanged at Hongkong, 1843.

Queen Victoria crowned, 1838.

Expedition to China arrived, 1840.

Dr. Bridgman be. started for Shanghai

gentlemen

J. Bridgman dived will is 4' Horing prothermen called

Sick with the diarrhea.

Visited by J. Bridgman Aile & Bond:

of Mansell,

scondirated power Sheeting at le Terms of rent to To hun. Virited Wo Sheang & tabbed of hour Tranabated Nye & Parkins acct for toxulari¬¬

Attended Chinese service at all. Peavey's. Heard. (.

2 daugh

-Dragon boat festival. ball's at Dr. Balls with Shing Mr. Ball returned from H. Kong with Mag. & the

-Hired rooms in IT lined at for Hoppers. Went to H. Kong with Mrs. Marshall & Mr. Gil

Arrived at H. Kory.

-Heard M. beleland preach on

Justification

Hon. A. H. Everett died at Canton

man ba

mimunion at H. Kong. Mr. Gillespie preached

Visited Mr. Stantons.

JORJAN

Rev. My. Clopton died of nervous fever. I w.H. A. Braon arrived

returned from. Hing Rory with the Comtryin

Wi...

Loved to ±=T, FL ÍŤ

Read "tive friends" with Mr. Law of

..

Fat 144

isited Homam temple with Miri Nye Ball -

11

JULY, 1847,-XXXI DAYS.

Chinese XXVIIth Year, Vth and Vith Moons.

    During July-which is the hottest month in the year-the average height of the thermometer is 88° in the shade, at noon, both at Canton and Macao, This month is subject to frequent and heavy showers of rain, and-as is also the month of August-to storms of thunder and lightning. The winds. with very little variation, blow steadily during the whole month from the south or southeast.

Days of Days of

month.

moon.

Chronicle of events in China, &c.

Macao, 1813.

The Rev. Dr. Milne arrived

The Morrison sailed for Japan, 1837.

23_Tinghái first taken, 1840..

I t

19

20

The Blonde visited Amoy, 1840.

DI

22

24

7 w

25

8 t

26

27

10

28

29

1 A coko 1

Bark Troughton plundered by pirates, 1835.

Lin Weih killed, 189. Queen's Road chapel

pedroated, 1849 4"

B. J. de S. S. Andreia, governor of Macao arrived, 1833. Riot, and several Chinese shot in Can-

ton, 1846.

The Yangtsz' kiáng blockaded, 1840.

Amherst's embassy arrived 1816.

SIXTH MOON. Admiral Maitland arrived, 1838.

First English ship reached China. 1635.

2

14 w

3

15 t

4

Lord Napier and suite arrived, 1834.

16 f

5

British trade reopened, 1841,

17 S

6

'18 S

Dutch envoys arrived at Peking, 1656. Grand Canal blockaded, 1842.

119 m

20 t

9

21 w

t

23 f

12

24

13

25 S

14

26 m

15

10 Tyfoon, 1841. Chinkiáng fú carried by storm, 1842.

A murderous attack on a party at Yutáu in Honam,

1846. ·

A second tyfoon, this year, 1841.

27 t

16

28 w

17

29 t

18

30 f

19

+

31 s

20

Gov. Lin and Tang sentenced to banishment, 4841.

12

AUGUST, 1847,-XXXI DAYS.

Chinese XXVIIth Year, VIth and VIIth Moons.

T

   During this month the heat is as oppressive generally as in the month of July-often indeed it is more so, although the thermometer usually stands lower. Towards the close of the month, the summer begins to break up, the wind occasionally veering from southeast to north and northwest. Tyfoons, seldom occur earlier than the first of this month or later than the end of September.

Days of Days of

month. moon.

Chronicle of events in China, &c.

is

21

2 in

22

3 t

23

4 w

24

5 t

25

6 f

26

7 s

27

8 S

28

9 m

t

11 w

1

12 t 13 f

Chinese Periodical commenced, by Mr. Gutzlaff, 1833. Dr. Morrison died at Canton, æt 53, 1834.

Tyfoon, barom. 28:10, 1832

British ships arrived before Nanking, 1942.

A tyfoon, 1835. Mr. Stanton made prisoner, 1840.

29 {

30

234

Batavia taken by the English, 1811. British squap-

ron arrived off the Péi ho, 1840.

Sir H. Pottinger and Sir W. Parker arrived, 1841.

SEVENTH MOON. Captain Elliot entered the Pei

ho, 1840.

British prisoners executed on Formosa, 1842.

J.Commissioner Hi-ngan and Húsunge arrived, 1832

Indian Oak lost on Liúchiú, 1840.

14 s

15 S

5

16 m 17 t

20 f

21 s 22 S

23 m 24 t

13

14

25 w

15

126 t

16

27 4

17

667802-2012 en

118 w

19 t

9

Barrier, Macao, attacked 1840.

23 s

18

29 S

19

30 m 3.1

20

21

Sir H. Pottinger landed in Hongkong, 1841.

[China 1841. Attack on the Black Joke, 1839. Capt. Elliot leaves Brit. Cham. Com. formed 1835. Mr. Harvey kill-

ed on Tsungming, 1840. British leave Macao, 1839. Amoy taken, 1841.

Treaty of Nanking signed, 1842. Conference at Tientsin, 1840.

[rison died 1843.

Hon. J. R. Mor-

Three sons at oue brith, Whampoa, 1839,

Elizu bezille. Ball walked to ti to the Factoris Visited Poting, as Garden with Ms. Feiffer. in Write it line dermon Lake 17. Mur blinks ...

Dis ja toi

7.

Read pot sermons in

use in

Į

in 1747.16 puson

Visit from Robe de Chile

De Hapfer & Cheer To Memes took teag will we alX7 KD

James Bridgman i did round the city

Visit from M. Leang. Honam teacher i

Who he warned to to down the river

to lose move from 15. Rousion

Visit from three soldiers. One

murder

very intelligent.

X W

30 persons at preaching

ふざ和行

- 6 persons at pillie mane Visited :):) Lubay.

in

均和行

by 70177-

l

th. Shuck preachil in £7.70 75 30 persons possent_

Aclical of Marrison School came to

my

30 persons present in +7 Ku J J I G. Bridgnon went to titing"

rooms

· 35 persons front at polili wakifin +47 717-

   J. G. Bridgman returned from H. Kong 45 persons at morlich in 1 J

it returned to th. Kom Dr. Haffer also.

&

Visited big fat with Brah peer

Messe Dana & Boket called. Dr. Balland

13

SEPTEMBER, 1847,-XXX Days.

Chinese XXVIIth Year, VIIth and VIIIth Moons.

In the month of September, the monsoon is entirely broken up, and north- erly winds begin to blow, but with very little alleviation of the heat. This is the period most exposed to the description of hurricanes called tyfoons. the range of which extends southwards over about one half of the Chinese sea, and nothward to the coast of Japan. They have appeared with the greatest severity iu the gulf of Tonquin.

Days of Days of

month.

moon.

Chronicle of events in China, &c.

1 w

2 t

3T

4 s

23 Kiáking died, 1820.

25

22

2** * **&&

5 S

26

6 m

The Rev. Robt. Morrison arrived in China, 1807.

Attack on Kaulung by capt. Elliot, 1839.

27 Guard of Marines landed in Canton, 1834.

Imogine and Andromache pass the Bogue, 1834.

7 1

28

8 w

29

410 f

11 s

3

12 S.

13 m 14 f

5 w

5

6

peace reached

EIGHTH MOON. News of the treaty of p

Hongkong, 1842.

Imogine and Andromache anchored at Whampoa,

1834.

Taukwáng born, 1782. Canton Press begun, 1835.

Bilbaing burnt, 1839.

The Kite, capt. Noble, lost in the Yángtsz', 1840. 9 Captain Anstruther seized, 1940

10

11 Steamer Madagascar burnt, 1841.

18

20 m

12

21 t

13

22 w

14

23 t

15

#24 f

16

25 8

17

Steamer Jardine arrived, 1835.

16-S -18 "Nerbudda fost in Formosa, 1044

27 m

19

28

20

Commissioner Lin degraded, 1840. Morrison Education Society organized, 1836.

29 w

21

30 t

"

14

OCTOBER, 1847,-XXXI DAYS.

Chinese XXVIIth Year, VIIIth and 1Xth Moons.

   Northerly winds prevail throughout this month, occasionally veering to north-east or northwest; but the temperature of the atmosphere is neither so cold nor so dry as in the following months; neither does the northerly wind blow so constantly-southerly and easterly winds intervening every now and then. The winter usually sets in with three or four days of light drizzling rain.

Days of Days of

month.

moon.

Chronicle of events in China, &c.

1 f

-2 s

24

3.S

2.

4 m

.26

5 1

27

6 w

28

7t

29

8 f

30

9 s 10 S

1

11 m

3

12 t

4

13 w

5

$4 t

6.

15 f

7

23 Tinghái retaken, 1841.

Rev. J. A. Goncalves died, 1841.

Alexander H. Everett, U.S. A. commissionen

arrived and landed at Macao.

Supplementary treaty signed at the Bogue, 1843. NINTH MOON.

Chinhái taken, 1841.

f Lord Napier died at Maca, 1835, and Mr. Davis

succeeded as chief superintendent.

Halley's comet observed in Canton, 1835. Ningpo occupied by British forces, 1841.

Yukien, imperial commissioner in Chekiáng, com-

mitted suicide, 1841.

16 -8

17 S

18 m

10

49 t

11

20 w

12

Nemesis and Phlegethon go up to Rüyua, 1841.

21 t

B

22 f

14

23

15

24

16

25 m

17

26 t

137 w

19

28 t

20

18 In Canton 1200 houses and 3 factories burnt, 1843.

Terranova executed by the Chinese, 1912.

21

30 s

22

31 S

23

राम

貧和行 40 perrors tip. We worshift in 171.97

Walked around bunton with the Torront & 4 other

           均和行 30 persons at fullie worshift in 1915.

20

Dr. & Mrs. Hobson arrived at Canton.

Went to thonom templemith Copts. Spring & For Br. Speer went to Whampoa with M. Cana 49 persons at public worship in 177475 Went to Whampoa with th. Speer.

Cined with Capt. Lovett the Serampore.

-Only 10 persons of P. Worship 1 7 Fl. Rainy. Darttobren p Walked round city with Gilles fire & Hobson.

Mr Jynge

took the at +7 40.

is

-30 persons at P. Worship + 740 reing

a

went to

Breakfasted at Dr. Happer's

fors Speer & Tange

Whampoa By Sheer had fewer & agne & went to Danish Horg Mr. Pearey & three ladies took the ob+ $11 20 persons at. P. Warship in 1775-

C. C. S.

Rev. A. P. Hopper & . Mis b. b. I. Ball married by Dr. Parker_

20 peis in at

Rev. W

均和行

Space returned from Whampoa to timen Wo Hong

20 persons present at P. Wordlich in +47 74 75

Hofn Higgins, Warden & 2 others

Walkd gromid eity with Mahe,

Bined with J. G. Beidfinals

9 persons et P. Market in to 45. Mr. Genacher

and legt Aft frepent

Inadhritt

De 4 eller. Wapher started

tea with me at t'of fill

St

Greatifere in landarty 208 Thonses buents

1

15

NOVEMBER, 1847,-XXX Days.

Chinese XXVII Year, 1Xth and Xth Moons.

     The month of November and the two following are the most pleasant in the year, at least to the feelings of persons from the more northern climes. Though the thermometer is not often below 40, and seldom so low as 30 degrees, the cold of a Chinese winter is often very severe. Ice sometimes form about one eighth of an inch thick-this is usually in December or January.

Days of Days of

Chronicle of events in China, &c.

| month.

moon.

E

21

25

3 w

4

5 f

6 8

7 S

ZARGARA

24

26

27

28

29

30

9

m

2

1

10 w

3

11 £

A.

12 f

5

LA

6

15

16 t

9

17 w

10

18 t

19 f

12

20 £

13

21 S

14

15

16

24 w

17

18

26 f

19

27 s

S

29 m

30 t

23

Raaa

20

21

Factories in Canton burnt, 1822. Naval engagement at Chuenpi, 1839.

Truce agreed on at Canton, 1840.

TENTH MOON. U. S. A. ship Peacock arrived, 1832.

Sir Andrew Ljungstedt died, Macao, 1835.

New empress succeeds, 1834.

Captain Elliot returned from the Per Ho, 1840.

In Canton 1-400 buildings burnt, 1835:

f General Chamber of Commerce formed in Canton

1836.

Kishen arrived" at Canton, 1841.

Knowledge formed at Canton, 1834.

༢༠༠༥

Society D. U.

འམ་

·

16

DECEMBER, 1847,-XXXI Days.

Chinese XXVIIth Year, Xth and XIth Moons.

   The months of December and January are remarkably free from rain, the, average fall in each month being under one inch, and the average number of rainy days being only three and a half. On the whole, the climate of Canton (and more especially that of Macao) may may be considered very superior to that of most other places situated between the tropics.

Days of Days of

month.

moon.

Chronicle of events in China, &c.

I w

2

3 f

4 s

24

25

26

27

5 S

28

6 m

29

7 t 8 w

30

9 t

10 f

11 s

12 S

13 m 14 t

15 w

16 t

189-661 ~ N NNNN 2

Confucius born, 562, B. c.

Hingan's sister inade

empress, 1833.

Xavier died on Sánshán, 4552.

Seizure of opium at Canton, 1838.

British trade stopped "forever." E. I. Co's last

servant leaves China, 1839.

British consulate, Canton, burut in a riot 1842. ELEVENTH MOON.

Attempted execution and riot. in Canton, 1838. The flag of France rehoisted in Canton, 1832.

All Catholic priests (not Portuguese) expelled

Macao, 1838.

17 f

10

18 s 19 S

11

12

20 m

13

21 t

22

W

  23 t 24

∞ AIR 3 150

9

14

16

17

25 s

18

26 S

19

27 m

20

128 t

21

29. W

30 t BIT.

23

Sir Hugh Gough, and the eastern expedition, leave

China, 1842,

Mr. Stanton released from prison by the Chinese.

with h.

E. I. Confpany chartered, 1690.

7

Dyer Ball Jr. bom at The 15 my next do

-

50 persons at 0. Warshift in 197

6 Englishman event out gumming 17

heard from-mura Br. Speer moved back to Danish Hong 3 arond boats came

from. Wampas. Workmen began Bahan Your Doug's & a fose troops it. Br. Joheren fare eli kostbare

with mil

50 person at hellie worship in thy 45. Gor. Davis he

interview with English merkhauts

- 20 persons at P. W. in 177015

P.W.

Took tea at Puttappers- y men

beheaded at

village layong to Ji English officers present.

Johnson went to H.

Mus

went to H. Rong.

- 50 persons at P. Warship in 17 #045.

12

AUGUST, 1847,-XXXI Days.

Chinese XXVIIth Year, VIth and VIIth Moons.

During this month the heat is as oppressive generally as in the month of July-often indeed it is more so, although the thermometer usually stands lower. Towards the close of the month, the summer begins to break up, the wind occasionally veering from southeast to north and northwest. Tyfoons seldom occur earlier than the first of this month or later than the end of September.

Days of Days of

month.

moon.

Chronicle of events in China, &c.

21

22

23

24

5 t

25

6 f

26

7 8

8 S

t

3

11 w

12 t

13 f

29

30

234

Chinese Periodical commenced, by Mr. Gutzlaff, 1833. Dr. Morrison died at Canton, æt 53, 1834.

Tyfoon, barom. 28:10, 1832

|British ships arrived before Nanking, 1942.

A tyfoon, 1835. Mr. Stanton made prisoner, 1840.

Batavia taken by the English, 1811. British squap-

ron arrived off the Pei ho, 1840.

Sir H. Pottinger and Sir W. Parker arrived, 1841. J SEVENTH MOON. Captain Elliot entered the Pei

ho, 1840.

British prisoners executed on Formosa, 1842.

Commissioner Hi-ngan and Húsunge arrived, 1832

Indian Oak lost on Liúchiú, 1840.

14 S

15 S

5

16 m

6

17 t

7

18 w

8

19 t

9

Barrier, Macao, attacked 1840.

20 f

10

21 s

11

122 S

12

23 m

13

24 t

14

25 w

15

26 t

16

27 4

17

23 s

18

129 S

19

30 m 31 t

20

21

Sir H. Pottinger landed in Hongkong, 1841.

[China 1841. Attack on the Black Joke, 1839. Capt. Elliot leayes Brit. Cham. Com. formed 1835. Mr. Harvey kill-

ed on Tsungming, 1840.

British leave Macao, 1839. Amoy taken, 1841.

[rison died 1843.

Hon. J. R. Mor-

Whampoa,

1832

Treaty of Nanking signed, 1842. Conference at Tientsin, 1840. Three sons at one brith,

- Elizata Mille. Ball walkid from the 15 to the Factoris

was Garden with thr. O Seiffer.

Vizited Limon Luke 77%

Write

т

Read jet

A

Alam ko vlast. The

I

in 1747. 16 puson

se in

Visit from Porte de Chin & belge.

Dr. Happer & Chris T Man took tea with

James Bridgman

Stook tea with one alt 74

round the city="

仕均

Skid

Visit from M. Leang. Honam teacherin

1.

swarped to have more font. Boassion aminated boats down the river.

mothered soldiers. One very

Ivisit

l'm

ふ埒和行

very intelligent. "W.Y

30 persons at preaching in II 74 37

- 6 persons at pillie wonde #9 70 17

Lalbay

均和行

Mr. Shuck preacht in $7.40 75 32 pasos pusent -

Actively of Marrison School came to

my

rooms

30 persons present into ko J J =

J. Gr. Bridgman went to Hitong

· 35 persons present at politic waalisin #4971-

   J. G. Bridgman returned from H. Kong- 45 persons at morrlich in 17 775 Aching returned to 44. Kong & Dr. Happer also. Visited Lasing fet with Braffear

Mess Dana & Baket called. Dr. Balland

13

SEPTEMBER, 1847,-Xxx Days.

Chinese XXVIIth Year, VIIth and VIIIth Moons.

     In the month of September, the monsoon is entirely broken up, and north- erly winds begin to blow, but with very little alleviation of the heat. This is the period most exposed to the description of hurricanes called tyfoons, the range of which extends southwards over about one half of the Chinese sea, and nothward to the coast of Japan. They have appeared with the greatest severity iu the gulf of Tonquin.

Days of Days of

month.

moon.

Chronicle of events in China, &c.

1 w

22

2

23 Kiáking died, 1820.

24

25

5 8

26

6 m

8 w

*** * **&&

The Rev. Robt. Morrison arrived in China, 1807.

Attack on Kaulung by capt. Elliot, 1839.

27 'Guard of Marines landed in Canton, 1834. 28 Imogine and Andromache pass the Bogue, 1834.

29

10 f

11 s

3

B

↑ Eighth Moon. News of the treaty of peace reached

Hongkong, 1842.

Imogine and Andromache anchored at Whampoa,

1834.

Tánkwáng born, 1782. Canton Press begun, 1835.

Bilbaing burnt, 1839.

The Kite, capt. Noble, lost in the Yángtsz', 1840. SCaptam Anstruther seized, 1940

56FS9O

17

18 s

10

Steamer Madagascar burnt, 1841.

120

12

21

13

Steamer Jardine arrived, 1835.

22 w

14

23

15

16

17

-18-

|Nerbudda fost un Formosa,

19

Commissioner Lin degraded, 1840.

20

Morrison Education Society organized, 1836.

29 w

21

30 t

22

14

OCTOBER, 1847,-XXXI DAYS.

Chinese XXVIIth Year, VIIIth and 1Xth Moons.

   Northerly winds prevail throughout this month, occasionally veering to north-east or northwest; but the temperature of the atmosphere is neither so cold nor so dry as in the following months; neither does the northerly wind blow so constantly-southerly and easterly winds intervening every now and then. The winter usually sets in with three or four days of light 'drizzling rain.

Days of Days of

month.

moon.

Chronicle of events in China, &c.

1 f

2 S

3.S

2.

4 m

26

5 1

27

6 w

28

7880

7 t

29

30

10 S

2

11 m

3

12 t

4

13 w

5

14 t

6.

15 f

23 Tinghái retaken, 1841.

Rev. J. A. Goncalves died, 1841.

(Alexander H. Everett, U. S. A. commissioner

arrived and landed at Macao.

Supplementary treaty signed at the Bogue, 1843. NINTH MOON.

Chinhái taken, 1841.

Lord Napier died at Maca, 1835, and Mr. Davis

succeeded as chief superintendent.

Halley's comet observed in Canton, 1835. Ningpo occupied by British forces, 1841.

Yukien, imperial commissioner in Chekiáng, com-

mitted suicide, 1841.

16 8

17 S

9

18 m

10

49 t

11

20 w

12

Nemesis and Phlegethon go up to Rüyua, 1841.

21 t

13

22 f

14

23 s

15

24

16

25 m

17

26 t

18

In Canton 1200 houses and 3 factories burnt, 1843.

37 w

19

28 t

20

Terranova executed by the Chinese, 1912.

29 f

21

30 s

22

31 S

23

40 permes at a marshif

$4

Others

20 persons at pullie worshift in 17 M15

-Dr. & Mrs. Hobson arrived at Canton.

Went to honom templesmith Capt. Spring & For Br. Speer went to When apod with ill. Pana.

Whampoa 49 persons at public worship in 1774715

Wet & Whampoa Lovett o

M. Speer.

             the Serampore - Only 10 persons o P. Worship 147 4. Raing. Dr. Hobson pr

Mr. Tynge took the with Gillespie & Hobson.

at +7 40.

2. Walked round city

- 30 persons at P. Worship + 27 40 rainy

Breakfasted at Dr. Happer's

Messrs Sheer & Jarge care & ment to Danish Hay

Tynge

        went to Whampoa Speer had fenfend

"Pearey & three ladies took tea ab +7 $11

Bet

20 persons at P. Worship in 127,175.

Rev. A. P. Happer & Mis C.&. S. Ball married by Dr. Parker_

20 persons at

Aar. W. Spor returned from Whampoa to himan We Hing

20 persons prevent at O. Worshich in +47 77 Walked around it with Wote, Higgins, Warden & 2 others

Dined with G. G. Beidfinals

a persons at P. Howthist in toy #45 Mr. Genscher and later that preporn tex with me tty pill

took legs. Cort St. 205 houses bunts

In voller. It appears on

Duller. Waffe

Great Fire

Mrs. Whether

15

NOVEMBER, 1847,-XXX DAYS.

Chinese XXVII Year, 1Xth and Xth Moons.

The month of November and the two following are the most pleasant in the year, at least to the feelings of persons from the more northern climes. Though the thermometer is not often below 40, and seldom so low as 30 degrees, the cold of a Chinese winter is often very severe. Ice sometimes form about one eighth of an inch thick-this is usually in December or January.

Days of Days of

month.

moon.

Chronicle of events in China, &c.

1 m

24

2 t

25

3 w

26

4 t

27

5 f

28

6 8

29

7 S

30

8.m

1

9 t..

10 w 11 t 12 f

3

5

6

14

15

16 t

מז

      17 w 18 t

10

19 f

12

20

13

14

27 s

30

15

16

17

18

Factories in Canton burnt, 1822. Naval engagement at Chuenpí, 1839.

Truce agreed on at Canton, 1840.

TENTH MOON. U. S. A. ship Peacock arrived, 1832.

Sir Andrew Ljungstedt died, Macao, 1835.

New empress succeeds, 1834.

Captain Elliot returned from the Pet Ho, 1840.

In Canton 1400 buildings burnt, 1835:

19

20

21

22 23

Ú E

S

22

General Chamber of Commerce formed in Canton

1836.

Kishen arrived at Canton, 1841 Society D. U.

Knowledge formed at Canton, 1834.

༢༠༠༨.༣;

#

Mane

16

DECEMBER, 1847,-XXXI DAYS.

Chinese XXVIIth Year, Xth and XIth Moons.

   The months of December and January are remarkably free from rain, the average fall in each month being under one inch, and the average number of rainy days being only three and a half. On the whole, the climate of Canton (and more especially that of Macao) may may be considered very superior to that of most other places situated between the tropics.

Days of Days of

month.

moon.

Chronicle of events in China, &c.

24

Confucius born, 562, ". c. Hingan's sister inade

empress, 1833.

25 Xavier died on Sánshán, 4552.

I w

2 t

3 f

26

4 s

27

5 S

6 m

2 4223 2

29

30

Seizure of opium at Canton, 1838.

{

British trade stopped "forever." E. I. Co's last!

servant leaves China, 1839.

British consulate, Canton, burut in a riot 1842. ELEVENTH MOON.

8

Attempted execution and riot. in Canton, 1838. The flag of France rehoisted in Canton, 1832.

All Catholic priests (not Portuguese) expelled

Macao, 1838.

7 t

8 w

1

9 t

2

10 f

3

Il s

12 S

13 m 14 t

567

15 w

16 t

9

17 f

10

18 s

11

19 S

12

20 m

13

21 t

14

122

W

15

23 t

16

24 f

17

25 s

18

26 S

19*

27 m

20

28 t

21

29.w

ດວ

30 t BIT.

24

Sir Hugh Gough, and the eastern expedition, leave

China, 1842,

Mr. Stanton released from prison by the Chinese.

with h.

E. I. Conipany chartered, 1690.

Dyer Ball. fr. born at 15 my next door

50 persons at P. Wasylase in 1975

6 Englishmen event out greening & not heard from-murde Br Speer moved back to Danish Hong

3 arnd boats came from. Whamper. Workmen began Bepair Your Davis na form troops at Br. Johnson 50 persons at hulle warship in 4. Ga. Davis had

with med

interview with English

-20 persons at P.W. in +7 7075

beheaded it.

-Took tea at On that ferlich officers present.

Brittappers- & men Men Marshally ill. Johnson went to W. Rong.

English

50 persons at P. Warship in 17 $175.

:

THE TARIFF OF DUTIES.

·

NOTE.

   "Citizens of the United States, resorting to China, for the purposes of com- merce, will pay the duties of import and export prescribed in the Tariff, which is fixed by and made a part of this Treaty. They shall in no case be subject to other or higher duties than are or shall be required of the people of any other nation whatever. Fees and charges of every sort are wholly abolished, and officers of the revenue who may be guilty of exaction shall be punished according to the laws of China. If the Chinese government desire to modify, in any respect the said Tariff, such modification shall be made only in consul- tation with consuls or other functionaries thereto duly authorized in behalf of the United States, and with consent thereof. And if additional advantages or privileges of whatever description be conceded hereafter by China to any other nation, the United States and the citizens thereof shall be entitled thereupon to a complete, equal and impartial participation in the same."

Article II. of the Treaty of Wánghiá.

19

THE TARIFF

Of duties to be levied on merchandise imported and exported at the Five Ports.

議定五口進出貨物完稅則例

   THE duties which it is agreed shall be paid upon goods imported and exported by the United States at the custom-houses of Canton, Amoy, Fuhchau, Ningpo, and Shánghái, are as follow: the articles being arranged in classes, viz :

今將廣州福州

門寧波上海各關合眾國

出進口貨物議定應完稅則分類開列於後

計開

立XPORTS)出口貨物

Class 1. Alum, vil, Ge.. 油蠟礬磺類

礬石,i.e. white alum, 白礬 formerly

white alum and blue stone..

Anniseed oil, 八角油

the tariff...

Cassin oil,桂皮油,

Tea, 茶葉,

not formerly contained in

not formerly in the tariff..

PER

T. M. C.

pecul

0 1

0

"

19

Crass 2. Tra, spices, r, 香料椒茶類

, formerly divided into fine and native black, and fine and native green teas..

Anniseed star, 八角

Musk, 麝香

0

5 0

2 5 0

29

5 0

19

Capoor cutchery,

Camphor,樟腦

CLASS Crass 3. Drugs漿材類

Arsenic,信石,under different Chinese names,

即死石一名人言又名砒

Cassia, 桂皮

each catty 0 5 0

pernd

030

} 5 0

11

0 7 5

"1

075

1

Cassia bude, 桂子,

20

not formerly contained in the

tariff...

0 0

"

China root,冷飲頭

土...............

0 2 0

"9

Cubebe, 澄茄印蓽澄茄

not formerly

contained, in the tariff.........

1 5 0

"9

Galangal, 良薑

0 1 0

*

Hartall, 石黄

05 0

19

Rhubarb,大黄

1

0 0

"

Turmeric, 黄蕾

0 2 0

11

0 5 0

0 2 0

19

CLASS 4. Sundries, KM.

Bangles, 手鈪郋燒料鈪 not formerly

contained in the tariff.

Bamboo Screens, and bamboo ware, 竹簾各

樣竹器同例...

Corale, 土珊瑚印假珊瑚, native or

false corals not formerly contained in the tariff

Crackers and fire works, 花竹響爆等類

formerly classed as rockets...

Fans, 毛扇帥鵝毛等易, (feather fans,

&c.) not formerly contained in the tariff..

Glass, 玻璃片玻璃镜燒料等物,

glassware of all kinds, formerly classed as native crystal ware..

Glass beads, or false pearls..

pecul

"

0 5 0

0 7 5

1 0 0

brellas...

Marble, 雲石印花石片, marble slabs,

0 5 0

0 5 0

Kittisola, 雨遮

or paper um- 紙雨遮,

0 5 0

pecul

0 2 0

...

0 1 0

}}

050

"

0 5 0

""

not formerly in the tariff..

Rice paper pictures, 蓮紙花

Pearls,, (false) not formerly in the tariff..

&c, 顔料膠漆紙劄類

Paper fans, 紙扇:

CLASS 5. Painters' stores,

Brass leaf,銅薄,

Gamboge,藤黃

Red lead,

紅丹,

Glue, as fish glue, cowhide glue, &c.,

魚膠牛皮膠各等同例

1 5 0

""

2 0 0

""

0 5 0

"9

0 5 0

21

Paper, stationary, 紙類各色同例

Tin foil,錫

Vermilion, 硍碟

Paintings, 畫工大油漆畫, (large paintings)

formerly divided into large and small paintings.

White lead,

鉛粉..

""

05 0

"

0 5 0

11

3 0

each

0 1 0

pecul

0 2 5

CLASS 6. Wares of various kinds, #M.

Bone & hornware, 骨器角器各樣同侧

China ware,, fine and coarse, formerly

classed as fine native, coarse, and middling,.... Copper ware and

       pewter ware, 銅器錫器 Manufacture of wood, furniture, &c., 雜木器

Ivory ware,

e,, all carved ivory work included,

formerly divided into ivory and ivory carvings.

Lacquered ware, 漆器

Mother of Pearl ware, 海硃売器

Rattan ware,

work, 籐簾籐

Rattan and bamboo

席及籐竹...............

Sandal wood ware, 檀香木器

Gold and silver ware, 金銀器各樣 form-

erly divided into gold ware and silver ware.....

Tortoise shell ware, 玳瑁器

Leather trunks and boxes,皮箱皮槓等

CLASS

7.

1 0 0

""

050

05 0

99

0 2

"9

5 0

1 0

""

99

1 0 0

Canes, fe. 竹木籐椰類

0

11

2 0

"

10 O 0

"7

10 0 0

"1

0 2 0

Canes or walking sticks of all kinds, ps. 1000 0 5 0

CLASS 8. Articles of clothing,.

Wearing apparel,, whether of cotton, woolen, or silk, formerly divided into cotton clothing, woolen clothing, silk do. satin do. and velvet,

Boots and shoes,, whether of leather, satin

or otherwise...

pecul

0 5 0

0 2 0

CLASS, 9. Fabrics of hemp, &c., n.

Grass cloth,j, and all cloths of hemp or

linen,

pecul

1 0 0

Nankeen, 紫花布

22

and all cloths of cotton for-

merly not in the tariff,

Crass

" 1 0 0

10. Silk, fabrics of silk be, 綢蝦絲絨類

Raw silk, of any province, 湖絲土絲各

等同例

Coarse or refuse silk, 天蠶絲印至粗絲

Organzine, of all kinds,湖絲經及各等

絲經

Silk ribbon and thread, 絲帶及絲線

各樣

Silk and satin fabrics of all kinds, as Crape, Lustring,

絹縐紗

剪絨及各等紬級

&c., &c., formerly classed as silk and satins.....

Silk and cotton mixed fabrics, 絲棉雜貨...

Heretofore a further charge per piece has been

levied; the whole duty is now to be paid in one sum and the further charge is abolished.

向來各種綢緞論疋另行

加稅今統歸一例徵收不

再另加.

""

:

"

10 0 0

2 5 0

10 0 0

10 0 0

pecul

12 0

3 0 0

Class 11, Carpeting, matting, e, 氊毯席類

Mats, 魔 of all kinds, as of straw, rallan, bamboo,

?

&e., &c., ..

Crass 12. Preserves, &c., 糖菓食物類·

Preserved ginger, and fruits of all kinds, 糖薑

及各樣糖菓

Soy, 豉油,

Sugar, white and brown,白糖黃糖各樣

Sugar Candy, all kinds, 水糖...

Tobacco, prepared and unprepared, &c. of all kinds,

0 2 0

0 5 0

19

0

4 0

0 2 5

""

0 3 5

生熟烟水烟

烟孖古烟

0 2 0

"

各等同例

CLASS 13. Unenumerated articles.

All articles which it has not been practicable to

enumerate herein specifically are to be charged a duty

of five per cent, ad valorem.

23

凡出口貨有不能該載者 卽論價值若干每百兩抽 銀五両

Class 14. Gold and silver coin and gold and

silocr-duly free. 金銀洋錢及各樣

金銀類免稅

CLASS 15. Bricks, tiles, and building ma-

.terials, duty free. 磚瓦片等造

屋之料免秘

IMPORTS. 進口貨物

Cr.sss 1. Waz, saltpetre, be. 進口油蠟礬碏類

Wax,洋蠟, foreign, as bees wax, also called tile

wa

密蠟又名磚蠟

Oil of rose maloes, 蘇合油

Saltpetre, foreign,洋硝

This article is only allowed to be sold to the go-

vernment merchants, formerly this regulation did not

exist..

此物不准亂賣只准賣與

官商

Soaps, foreign, as perfuined soaps, 洋覷卽番

pecul

1 0

1 0 0

99

0 3 0

"

"

Crass 2. Spices and perfumes, 進口香椒類

Gum benzoin and oil of benzoin, 安息香安

息油

Sandal wood, 檀香

Pepper, black, 胡椒

All other articles of this class not specifically men-

tioned herein, to pay a duty of ten per cent. ad valorem. Perfumery, five per cent. ad valorens.

凡屬進口香料等貨例未 賅載者卽按價值若干每 百両抽銀十両進口香油

05 0

100

pecul

0 5 0

99

"

0 4 0

24

水按價值若干每百两抽

銀五両

     CLAss 3. Drugs, 藥材類 A safaetida,阿魏

Camphor, 上等水片清的 superior quality,

i. e. pure, formerly classed as good & inferior,

Camphor, 下等氷片坭的, inferior quality

or refuse formerly uncleaned camphor,..

Cloven, 上等丁香師子丁香,supe

rior quality, picked..

1 0 0

1 0 0

0 5 0

"

>>

1 5' 0

0

5 0

"

per catty

1

0 0

........

pecul

0 3 0

0 1 5

""

0 1 5

""

Cloves, 下等丁香卽母丁香, inferior

quality, (mother cloves)....

Cow bezoar, 牛黄..

Cutch,兒茶..

Gambier, 檳榔膏............

Areca nut, 檳榔

Ginseng, foreign, superior quality, &c,上等洋

參除净參鬚的

Ginseng, 下等洋參, inferior quality, &c...

Of every hundred catties of foreign Ginseng of

whatever sort, one fifth part is to be considered as

of superior quality and four fifths of inferior quality.

洋參每百斤應以上參

Gun olibanum, 乳香

38 0

+

3 5 0

成下參八成折算

0 5 0

""

Myrrh, 没藥

0 5 0

">

Mace or lower of nutmeg, 豆蔻花即玉果花

1 0 0

0 0

""

2 0 0

"

Quicksilver, 水硍

Nutmegs, 上等豆蔻即玉果, first quality

Nutmegs, 下等豆蔻草蔻連壳的

second quality or coarse.......

Putchuck, 木香

Rhinoceros' horns, 犀角

Flints,火..................

CLASS 4. Sundries,

Mother of pearl shells, 海珠売即雲母売

pecul

0 0

0 7 5

3 0 0

"}

#.

0 0 5

""

0 2 0

"

25

Crass 3. Dried meats, 醃臘海味類

Birds nestw, 上等燕窩官燕 Grst quality,

mandarin,..

Birds'

O

50

""

中等燕窩常燕 second

2 5 0

quality, ordinary,.

Birds' nests, 下等燕窩毛燕 third quality,

with feathers,...

Bicho-de-mar, first quality, black, 上等海参

Bicho-de-mar, second quality, white,下等海

參白的

Shark's fine, first quality, white, 上等魚翅

白的

Shark's fine, second quality, black, 下等魚翅

黑的

Stockish, called dried fish, 柴魚即乾魚

魚肚, not formerly in the tariff,..................

Fish maws,

CLASS 6. Painters

"

0 5

0 8

""

=

0 2 0

""

1 0

""

0 5 0

"

0 4 0

1 5 0

Stores, 顏料膠漆紙劄類

Smalts, 洋青即大青,

Cochineal,呀蘭米..

Sapan wood, 蘇木.....................

Rattans, 沙籐 Ebony, 烏木

19

5 0 0

""

CLASS CLass 7. Woods, canes, c, 竹木藤椰類

4c,

0

0 10

">

0 2 0

0 1 5

>"

All other imported wood, as red-wood, satin-wood,

yellow-wood, not specifically enumerated to pay a duty of ten per cent. ad valorem.

凡進口木料如紅木紫檀

*黃楊木等例不賅載者 但按價值若干每百両抽 銀十両

Crass 8. Clocks, iwatches, 40, 鏡鐘標玩類

Clocks,自鳴鐘; watches,時辰標;

telescopes, 千里鏡; glas panes and crye-

-i

26

Lal ware of all kinda, 玻璃片及各樣 玻璃水晶器; writing denks, 寫字 盒; dressing cases, 梳粧盒; jewelry of gold and silver, 各樣金銀首飾; cutlery, swords, &c., 各鋼鐵器刀劍 等物

  All the foregoing, and any other miscellaneous articles of the same description, five per cent. ad valorem:

以上各貨及同類雜貨即 論價值若干每百両抽銀 五両

CLASS 9. Gold and silver bullion, duty free.

凡進口金銀類各樣金銀 洋錢錠鋰免稅

Class 10. Cotton, 布疋花幔類

Fabrics of cotton canvass, 帆布, from 75 to 100

chih long, and 1 chih 7 tsun to 2 chih 2 tsun wide

Cotton; 棉花, allowing five per cent for tare, Long white cloths, 白洋布 75 to 100 chih

long and 2 chih, 2 tsun, to 2 chih, 6 tsun wide, formerly divided into superior and inferior fine cotton cloth.

Cambries and muslins, 白袈裟布, from 50

to 60 chih long and 2 chih 9 tsun to 3 chih 3 tsun wide.......

Cottons, grey or unbleached domestic, 原色洋

, and from 75 to 100 chih long and 2 chih to 2 chih 9 tsun wide, formerly classed as coarse long cloths

Twilled cottone,原色斜紋布. grey, same

dimensions...

Chintz and prints, 印花布 of all kinds from

60 to 70 chih long and from 2 chih 9 tsun to 3 chih 3 tsun wide, formerly called ornamented or flower cloths...

Cotton yarn, or cotton thread, 棉紗 Linen, 蔴布白色幼細洋竹布 fine

not formerly in the tariff, from 50 to 75 chih long and 1 chih 9 Isun to 2 chih 2 tsun wide,....

Bunting, 羽布

piece

pecul

piece

0 5 0

4

0 1 5

0 1 5

11

0 1 0

""

0 1 0

"

pecul

0.2 0

1 0 0

piece

0

5

per chang

0 0 1

27

All other imported articles of this class, are ging-

hams, pulicates, dyed cottons. velveteens, silk ́ ́and

cotton mixtures of linen and cotton, &c., &c., five per cent. ad, valorem.

...

此外凢屬進口棉 類如

柳條巾旂方巾顏色布剪 絨布絲棉布毛棉布又粗 麻布半棉半蔴布絲蔴布 毛蔴布等即論價值若干 每百両抽銀五而

Crass 11. Fubrics of silk, woolens. Sc.納鰃絲絨類

Handkerchiefs, 大手帕 large, above 2 chih 6

tsun....

Handkerchiefs, 小手帕 small, under 2 chih 6 tsum.

Gold and silver thread, superior or real. 上等金

銀線......

Gold and silver thread, inferior or ımitation,下等

金銀線

Broad cloth, 大呢, Spanish stripes, &cs, from 3

chik 6 tsun to 4 chik Ö tsun wide..

Narrow cloths, 小呢,

as Long ells, casimires,

&c., formerly classed as narrow woolens.

●Camlets,

 Dutch 殺

Camlets, 羽紗.

4

Imitation Camlets or Bombazetts 羽納.

Woolen yarn.絨線

Blankets. 洋白航

All other fabrics of wool or of mixed wool and

cotton, wool and silk, &c.. five per cent

ed ralerom.

凡進口絨貨例丰賅載者如

索毛絲毛線毛等即門價

若干每有隔基銀五兩

CLASS 12. Wines &r. Ti R fed

Wine and beer, in quart buttles. 洋酒裝玻

瑞版大的

each

0 0 14

1

*

per catty

0

0 1 3

003

"

per chang

0 1 5

0

በ 7

0

1 5

0

0 7

警官

0

0 34

pecul

3 0 0

each

01 0

per 100 1 0 0

28

Wine in pint botles, 洋酒裝玻璃瓶小

Wine in casks, 洋酒裝桶的

11

0 5 0

0 5 0

pecul

Class 13. Metals, 銅鐵鉛錫纇 Copper,洋生銅, foreign, in pigs, &c.................. Copper,洋熟銅, wrought, as sheets, rods, &c. Iron, foreign, unmanufactured as in pigs, 洋生鐵 Iron, manufactured as in bars, rods, &c. 洋熟鐵 Lead, foreign, in pigs or manufactured, 洋鉛. Steel, foreign, of every kind, 洋生鋼各樣 Tin, foreign, 洋錫

Tin plates, 馬口鐵, formerly not in the tariff,

Spelter is only permitted to be sold to government

merchants.

  All unenumerated metals as zinc, yellow-copper, &c., ten per cent. ad valorem.

凡屬進口銅鐵鉛錫等類 如白銅黃銅等例未載 者印按價值若干每百両 抽銀拾両

"

Crass 14. Jereelry, 珍珠寶石類

1 0 0

1 5 0

11

010

""

0 1 5

""

0 2 8

"

0 4 0

0 0

"

0 4 0

100 stones

050

pecul 10 0 0

Cornelians, 瑪瑙石片

Cornelian beads, 瑪瑙珠

horns, &e, 水黄牛角...

2 0 0

"

Crass 15. Skins,teeth, horns, Sec. 纓皮牙角羽毛類

Bullocks and buffalo

Cow and ox hides, tanned and untanned, 生熟

牛皮

Sea otter skins, 海龍皮

Fox skins, large. 大狐狸皮

Fox skins, sniall, 小狐狸皮

Tiger, leopard, and martin skins. 虎皮豹皮

貂皮等...

0 50

each

1 5 0

0 1 5

"

"

0075

0 15

20

Land otter, raccoon and sharky wkins, 獺皮貉

貛皮沙魚皮等

Beaver skina, 海騾皮等

Hare, rabbit, and ermine skins. 兔皮灭鼠皮

銀鼠皮等

Sea horse teeth, 海馬牙

Elephant's teeth, first quality whole上等象牙

Elephant's teeth, second quality broken,下等象

CLASS 16.

Unenumerated,

All new goods, which it has not been practicable to enumerate herein, a duty of five per cent. ad valorem.

凡屬進口新貨 15 內不能

藎者:按價值若干每百丽

抽銀五術

hundred

200

5 0 0

hundred

窗窗

pecul

Crass 17. Rice and other gruins, 又進口洋

米洋麥穀五等皆免稅, duty free.

Contraband, 違禁貨物: Opium,鴨片

Shipping Dres.

"

0 5 0

2 0

0

200

These have been hitherto charged on the measurement of the ship's length and breadth, at so much per chang; but it is now agreed to alter the systent and charge according to the registered statement of the numbered tons of the ship's burden. On each ton (reckoned equal to the cubic contents of 122

tons) a shipping charge of five mace is to be levied, and all the old charges of measurement, entrance and port clearance fees, daily and monthly fees, &c., are abolished.

船鈔向來係丈量船身按

鈔今議改查

   照船牌所開此船可以載貨若干每噸積方 計算以壹百二十二斗瑞一噸愉鈔銀伍錢 其丈量售例及出口進口日月等規全行财 免

C. CesHING. L. S.

TSIYENG

L. S.

30

715 tards per 17:7 ta ls per 1000 dollars. 1000 dollars.

720 taels per

TABLE FOR CONVERTING DOLLARS INTO TAELS AND VICE VERSA.

DOLLARS TURNED INTO TAELS.

A mount.

TAĒLS TURNED INTO DOLLARS.

Amomit.

715 twls per

1000 dollars,

1000 dollars.

717 tel per 1000 dollars.

720 inels per

1000 doll rs.

Dollars.

T.m.c.c.

T.m.c.c.

T. m. c.

1..

D.

C.

D. c.

D. C

,25

0.178

0.179

0.18

0.10

0.139

0.139

0.136

,50

0.357

0.358

0.36]

0.20

0.279

0.278

0.277

,75

0.537

0.536 0.54

0.30

0.419

0.418

0.416

0.715 0.717

0.72

0.40

0.559

0.557

0.555

2

1.430

1.434) 1.44

0.50

0.699

0.697

0.694

3

2.145

2.151 2.16

0.72

1.006]

1.004

1.000

4

2.860

2.868

2.88

1

1.398

1.394

1.388)

5

3.575

3.585

3.60

2

2.797

2.789

2.777

6

4.290 4.302 4.32

4.195

4 184

4.166

7

5.005

5.019

5.04

5.594

5.5781

5.555

5.720

5.736 5.76

6.993

6.973

6.944

9

6.435)

6.453

6.48

8.391

8.363

8.333

10

7.150

7.170 7.20

9.790

9.762)

9.722

11 7.865

7.887 7.92

11.188 11.157 11.111

12

8.580 8.634 8.64

13

9.295 9.321 9.36 10

12.587 12.552 12.500 13.936 13.947 13.888

14

                    16 20 14.300 14.340 14.40}] 17 21 15.015 15.057 15.12

10.010 10.038 10.08 11 15 10.725 10.755] 10.80 12 16 11.440 11.472 11.52] B 17 12.155] 12.1891 12.24} 14 18 12.870 * 12.906 12.96 15 19 13.585| 13.623 13.68

15.384 15.341 15.277 16.783 16.736 18.181 18.131

16.666

18.055

19.530|

19.525

19.444

20.979 20.920

20.833

22.377 22.315

222

23.776

23.709

23.611

13

25.174

25.104

25.000

15.730| 15.774 15 841

19

26.573

26.499

26.388

23

16.445 16.491| 16.56]

20

27.972

27.894

27.777

24 17.169| 17.208 17.28 21

29.370

29.238

29.166)

25

17.875 17.925 18.00|| 22

30.769

30.683

30.555

30

21.450) 21.310| 21.60] 23

32.167

32 078

31.944

40

28.600 28.680| 28.80] 24

33.566

33.472

33.333

100

59 35.753 35.850 36.00 25 60 42.900 43.020| 43.20 30 75 53.625 53.775 54.00] 40 80 57.20 57.36 57.60 50 90 64.35 64.53 64.801 75 | 71.500| 71.70 72 90 150 107.250197.55 198 .200 143.000|143.40 [144 300 214 500215.10 216 400 286.000 286.80 238 500 357.500358.50 360 500 600 429.000430.20 432 609 700 500.590591.90 |594 700 800 572.000573.60 578 800 900 643.500645.30 648 900 1000 715.000|717.00 720 1000

34.965

34.867

34.722

41.958

41.840. 41.666

100

200

300

400

55.944 55.788 55.555 69.930 69.735 69.444 104.895 104.692| 104.166| 125.874 125.520 125.000 139.860 139.470| 138.888| 279.720| 278,946| 277.777 419.589 418,416) 416.666| 559.440 557.88! 555.555 699.300 697.35: 694.444 839.160| £36.82 233.333

979.020 976.29 972.922

1118.8801145.76 |11]

[1258.7411255,238|1250.000

1398.6014391.700 1388.885

The table on the opposite page and following notices of Chinese

weight and measures are from the Commercial Guide.

In China most unmanufactured articles are sold by weight, not excepting fiquids, wood, silk, cloth, grain, and live stock. Grain is however retailed by measure. The minor decimal weight are used in weighing bullion, pearls, precious stones, valuable drugs, &c. There are three instruments for weigh- ing, viz., the balances, steel-yards, and money scales. Balances are used for weighing large sums of money; standard weights are furnished by the Board of Revenue at Peking, from 100 taels down to one cash, made of brass. The steelyard is made of wood, marked off into catties, mace, &c.; the largest of then will weigh two or three peculs; it is called dotchin by foreigners, a word corrupted from tok-ching, to weigh. The counterpoise is usually a piece of stone, and so common is its use, that no one goes to market without carrying a dotchin. The money scales are merely a small ivory yard like the dotchin, used to weigh money, pearls, and small things. p. 208.

      The chih (cubit, covid, or Chinese foot) fixed by the Mathematical Board at Peking is 13.125 English inches; that used by tradesmen at Canton varies from 14.625 to 14.81 inches; that employed by the engineers of public works is 12.7 inches, and that by which distances is usually measured is 12.1 nearly. At Canton, an English yard or má is reckoned at 2 chik 4 tsun, which makes the English foot equal to 8 tsun. The chik is reckoned in the new tarifl' at 14.1 English inches, which is about the average length of this measure in Canton; this rate makes the cháng to be 141 inches, or 3¦¦ yds.; the usual length of a chẳng in Canton is a very little over 4 yds., though some of them are but a little over 11 feet. The foot-rule of tailors is called pái tsien chih, and the shorter one of masons chau tung chih. The cháng varies according to the chih. p. 210.

N. B. 16 taels =1 catly.

100 catties=1 prcul.

The pecul is usually reckoned equal to 1335lbs, avoirdupois.

PARTICULArs of the

EXPORT OF TEAS AND RAW SILK

TO THE UNITED KINGDOM IN EACH VESSEL

FROM 30TH JUNE 1845 TO 1ST JULY 1846.

1845.

ART. II. Particulars of the export of Teas and Raw Silk to the United Kingdom in each vessel from 30th June, 1845 to 1st July 1846.

34

VESSELS.

Date.

Depar- Desti- ture. nation.

Congou.

Sou-

chong.

Pekoe.

Hung- Orange muey. Pekoe.

Pow-

Caper.

Sorts.

chong.

1845.

Duilius,

July 14 Canton London

303,450 95,100

Amiga,

15

52.

Liverp.

386,633

22,921

1,108

Hesperus,

18

""

Liverp.]

424,572 28,135

1,864

Competitor,

21

London

352,882 30,071]

6,707

Helen Stewart,

22

"9

407,115 19,387

James Turcan,

26

350,400 35,300 8,200

Emerald Isle,

26

192,652

17,458

64,335

16,575

7,607

Dorisana,

488,981

37,529

19,646 13,438

Challenger,

Aug. 4

Liverp.

204,4331

"

Wm. Mitchell,

London

497,800

Josephine

Liverp.

411,561

Rookery,

London 225,100

26,000

200

35,100

27,400

1,900

Wm. Shand,

466,993

99

51,782

6,531

1,687

27,756

Mary Bannatyne,

13

265,859

48,761 31,911|

125,254

10,380 6,594❘

Livingston,

16

""

212,631

41,028|

9,550|

8,068

10,411

Hope,

16

""

""

331,000

30,360 31,760

5,190 373

Wm. Parker,

201

""

397,570

Mauritius,

20

""

""

99

278,435

7,049

Bahamian,

Earl of Chester,

City of Derry,

29

Liverp

321,547

30,373

497|

57,106

"

Sep. 3

Cork

548,611)

16,288

47,092|

""

9

London

270,300| 26,200 17,600||

73,200 35,900

81,100

1845.

Particulars of the Export of Teas, &c.-Continued.

35

VESSELS

Twankay Hyson.

Gun- Young- Hyson. powder.

Imperial.

Total

Hyson Tota! Skin. Black. .Green.

Totals. Silk.

Duilius,

3,800

398,550

3,800 402,350

Amiga,

20,789 13,980

842

410,712

35,611

446,323]

Hesperus,

1,910

563

7,154

8,240

1,224

454,571

19,095 473,666

Competitor,

25,243

3,646

2,620|

11,565

2,796|

3×9,669|

45,870| 435,530 128

Helen Stewart,

51

18,660

426,502

13,711] 440,213

James Turcan,

4,300|

9,100] 3,1001

393,900

16,500

410,409|

Emerald Isle,

112,990)

$131

91,969 8,447

847

298,627 214,566

513,193|

Dorisana,

LIS

10,502

8,877

3,326

559,594| 23,823

583,417 135

Challenger,

16,991

6,707

15,254

204,433 38,952 243,355

Wm. Mitchell,

497,800|

497,800;

Josephine

12, 091

411,561

12,809 424,370|

Rookery,

18,000

60,800]

35,800|

20,100!

316,300

134,700

431,000

Wm. Shand,

10,533|

40,3-5

8,546

1,155

554,749

60,619

615,368

Mary Bannatyne,

60,991

9-6

58,995

7,465

488,759

128,437

617,196|

Livingston,

269,363

74,000] 26,094❘

281,688

368,457|

650,145

Hope,

23,483j

,804]

Wm. Parker,

Mauritius,

Bahamian,

Earl of Chester,

52,187 17,3×9|| 8,604 67,790 35,546| 17,603) 163,536| 41,541| 21,652

....

23,449|

397,570 120,939 518,569 285,484 226,729|

398,683) 110,417]

509,100)

512,213]

409,523|

....

409,523|

611,991) 35,777

City of Derry,

10,200

504,300| 10,200

647,769

514,500| 420

1845.

Particulars of the Export of Teas, &c.-Continued.

36

Scotia,

91

665,967

""

49,548|

66,462)

16,617)

22,800

Canopus,

""

9 Shang. Liverp.

394,062

....

5,806

Dss. of Northbd.

12 Canton London

503,332

5,244 67,863|

56,679

85,538

49,213

"

Sanderson,

13

""

"}

""

311,321|

....

9,156

5,000

John Horton,

""

1 Shang.

"

318,430|

34,775

....

Patna,

""

23 Canton Liverp.

371,000

20,600]

¡Macedon,

23

London

""

144,066 78,5801

88,728 103,360]

12,555

Ann Bridson,

2 Shang. Liverp.

353,522 51,269

826

Victory,

26 Canton

""

99

332,941|

50,489

62,440 27,846 11,409||20,352

Saghalien

27

243,100|

""

21,000

68,000]

13,000!

12,800

Druid,

291

[London

319,400

7,200

18,000

29,700

19

Tyrer,

Oct. 1

""

366,050)

71,980 24,880

59,150

Syria,

"

490,013]

16,430 14,500|

87,839

9,415|

¡Culdee,

Dublin

-305,700|

8,900

¡Arun,

London

180,000

3,900 6,100]

15,200|

43,000

Ellen,

Glasgw

526,300

1,600

20,100]

7,200]

"

Mary,

Brahmin,

Inglewood, Harbinger.

21

London

544,881 34,030

97,954

25,917 30,930| 16,334

"

21

"

335,800

18,994

53,034

1,598)

29,100

""

21

Liverp.

577,330|

9,260

1,157|

28

London

220,329

26,292

14,959

""

Alice Brooks,

Shang. Liverp.

219,993 26,293

Hindostan

31 Canton London

771,761

7,317

13,228

13,137

""

Albt. Edward,

Nov. 1

Cork

229,531 20,280

59,334 45,098

22,337

11

Marquis of Bute,

1

""

>>

Liverp.

516,930 4,285

11,925 38,563

Dk. of Lancaster,

3

419,584

11

"

76,142]

29,002

Lady Bute,

Oct. 11|Shang, London

255,661

29,104|

::

15,455

*1845.

Particulars of the Export of Teas, &c.-Continued.

37

Scotia,

51,228

19,750|

821,394)

70,97

892,3721

363!

Canopus,

10,424]

4,271

2,804

399,868

17,499

417,367

Dss. of Northbd.

26,249

2,852

1,373|

767,869

30,474

798,343

Sanderson,

65,000|

....

325,477

65,000|

390,477

John Horton,

803

660

596

314

107

353,205

2,430|

355,685 246

Patna,

14,400

8,800|

391,6001

23,2001

414,800| 294

1

Macedon,

125,007|

53,3×9

10,205]

3,223

427,289

191,824]

619,113]

Ann Bridson,

3,106)

940

636

691

405,617

5,423

411,040) 464)

Victory,

3,856j

551

2,783

2,700

505,477

9,890

515,367

Saghalien

44,100

34,000

4,200

357,900|

82,300|

446,200

Druid,

5,100| 3,400

374,300

8,500

3×2,800)* 544:

Tyrer,

1,300|

522,0601

1,3001

523,360

Syria,

3,96

935

37,169|

7,831|

618,197

49,9-23

6684,1201 374

Culdee,

314,600|

314,690

....

Arun,

56,900|

19,000|

7,400|

248,200|

$3,300

331,500;

10-

Eilen,

555,200

555,200

Mary,

50,497

52,337

509

143

750,046

103,486

853,5821

Brahmin,

Inglewood,

55,200

12,260]

99,732||||| 50,247|

438,526

217,439|

655,965 2-2

26.778

9,350

16,284| 3,561|

599,747

55,973

655,720|

Harbinger.

18,264

7,000

12,829

30,000]

6,260

261,5×0|

74,858

335,933

Alice Brooks,

246,286|

...

246,2×6 236.

Hindostan

13,000

85,443| 13.000

818,443 601

Albt. Edward,

30,112)

3,512

876,580

Marquis of Bute,

16,620|

1,608|

60,360]

8,894]

2.693

Dk. of Lancaster,

7,878

16,200

97,659|

89,415]

3,5001

Lady Bute,

5,350!

6,5761

58,469) 4,276!

11,811|

1,755

33.624 410,2041

571,703) *9,995! 540,183| 214,188) 284,765| 88.228

661,698, 200

754,321

372,993) 1,690||

1845.

Particulars of the Export of Teas, &c.-Continued.

38

Dk. of Portland,

Nov 11

Canton

""

554,873

34,078|

Sappho,

17

309,306

""

"}

",

26,238 15,404

Jane Prowse,

20

Cork

245,240

36,924

27,65!¡

22,443

1,840

...

Maia,

1 Shang. Liverp.

300,000

38,000

Carib,

London

115,700|

""

Maggie,

10

Liverp.

126,800|

Pandora,

London

311,500

Passenger.

210,500

>>

Princess Royal,

Cork

287,500

Daniel Grant,

10

London

296,400|

Dumfries, -

24 Canton Liverp.¦

519,600

Duke of Bronte,

24

London

324,000

3,200

400 50,300j

10,690

4,800

13,300

Foam,

|Dec. 2

"9

95,753

27,8891

61,797

Ed, Boustead,

Nov. 8 Shang. Liverp.

496,780|

2,340

...

John O. Gaunt,

Dec. 5 Canton]

99

477,503)

8,570

29,441

3,522

Devon,

4

London

515,651

10,398 14,360

75,139 27,395

11

Argyle,

Nov 17 Shang.

"

226,936

71,2291

2,790

Grecian,

Dec. 11 Canton

353,600

14,100

16,900

30,700

Lancaster,

12

""

Liverp.

470,150| 19,170

34,810] 16,720|

John Cooper, Anna Robertson,

17

London

535,400

....

107,900 63,700,

وو

18

439,737

16,528 4,037

47,366| 44,493

3,850

""

Adelaide,

17

་་

""

>>

97

920,000

17,000

42,000 35,000

Larpent,

""

6 Shang. Cork

378,350

Emily,

6

""

29

Liverp.

246,600

29,700

Circassian

-

6]

138,503

....

""

Queen of Eng.

31 Canton London

147,163

53,908 28,109)

236,217 156,1961

25,336

""

1845.

Particulars of the Export of Teas, &c.-Continued.

39

Dk. of Portland,

....

33,356

Sappho,

70,351

11,287

23,562

6,378

Jane Prowse,

18,387

2,415

1,489

727

616,602) 33,856 649,958; 412,155| 111,578) 528,783 215,240 23,018

74

268,258

Maia,

6,400

1,100|

7,400]

2,2001

800.

1,000

334,000

18,900]

356,900 76,

Carib,

115,700

115,700| 2,171|

Maggie,

Pandora,

1:26,800

126,800| 699!

30,100

311,500|

30,100

341,600) 1261

....

Passenger,

9,300

5,700

7,400

4,800]

2,000

3,900,

210,500|

33,100]

248,600 557

Princess Royal,

1,300

3,500!

4,700

2,0001

1,500

2,600

15,600)

9×7,500!

303,100

Daniel Grant,

9,900

20,000

1,600]

3,700

1,600 6,500,

296,400.

43,300

339,700

5051

Dumfries,

·

59,800

9,100

13,100

6,000

53,200| 5.000

626,200|

Duke of Bronte,

115,000

16,500 32,400

15,300

3,000

I

179,200)

567,000

Foam,

120,585

1,053

25,787

185,489

147,425 332,861|

Ed. Boustead,

5,052

5,964

17,233|

5,849

1,641 3,611

499,120,

John O. Gaunt,

2,954

4,233

20,99 22,508

13,177| 1,314

519,039;

Devon,

2,357

1,146| 2,560

1,402| 2,945

Argyle,

5,602

2,996

12,102|

3,023

3,648'

967!

Grecian,

98,300

1,900j 76,900

72,200 29,400

39,349 538,469| 65,184) 584,223) 642,948) 10,440) 300,955 329,293,

,33

415,300 278,700

א27

653,3-3)

677

694,000

11

Lancaster, -

88,120

76,100 105,660|

43,890

27,350

540,850j

341,129|

881,970)

3.

John Cooper,

15,700

1,700]

7,700| 5,800

707,000

33,900 740,900

105

Anna Robertson,

57,321

4,570

26,151

2,700

2,1571

556,011

92,899; 648,910]

62

Adelaide,

44,000

....

1,014,000

44,000| 1,05%,000

Larpent,

43,412

25,265

72,364

27,855

15,604| 26,083|

878,850

210,583

58,933

242

Emily,

800

6,200{

3,6001

1,500|

276,8300|

12,100| 288,400| 79

Circassian

659

Queen of Eng.

10,203]

25,980

384

23,505|

364

134,503)

1,607 140,110 942

16,595|

646,919

76,2=31 723,202|

1846.

Particulars of the Export of Teas, &c.-Continued.

40

Salopian,

31 Shang. Liverp.

148,326

36,8221

1846

Woodbridge,

Jan. 20 Canton London

5,550

1,376|

40,4211

7,007

Aden,

26

""

¡Liverp.!

216,355|

5,533

28,133]

1,800|

4,120

John Laird,

"

London

53,710

42,780

63,798

28,381

33,575

Lady Amherst,

31

447,100

5,695|

40,000

"9

Victor,

31

""

293,000

19,500

8,500

Roseanna,

Feb. 18

19

400,500

58,600

Wm. Jardine.

23

་་

122,359|

40,216 12,583

163,491

67

51,3×8

John Christian,

Greyhound,

Lord Althorp, Mary Ann Webb,

Dorothy,

Mar. 3

""

Liverp.

276,978 22,879|

1,841]

54,079

London

148,100|

7001

9,590

10

Liverp.

214,600

2,380

9,620

20-2

10 Shang.

206,736

8,000

12 Canton

17

49,141

33,937|

45,800

Annie,

12 Shang.

157,625

6,754

Mathilda,

[Fanny Connell,

Regina,

Chatham,

Humayoon,

Isabella,

Lady Howden,

12

329,370|

1,587

30 Canton London

28,936)

725

"

Apr.

233,270

27,734||32,641| 18,450|

48,581|

1,742

21,874

Liverp.

225,950

5,943

38,978

3,958 16,711

London

300 962

9,00 4,731

45,515

31,982

1,901

,

-

Liverp.

87,400

10,900

20,700

11,200

London

8,700

110,200 54,400|

Euphrates,

287,562

11,973|32,304|

56,0321

65,660j

1,795

Bengalce,

Liverp. 124,800

6,300

42,000

Gilmore,

London

297,300 33,900

9,900

600

Princess Royal,

366,700

23,500

18,500

46.

Stopian,

Particulars of the Export of Teas, &c.-Continued.

41

72,0641

2,8281 6,067)

5931

418||||2,104|

185,148

8:3,401 |

265,629|

412

Woodbridge,

A

2,200 26,400j 1,698

1,089

54,354

31,243

85,642

159'

Aden,

13,640| 24,393 87,192

54,475

255,941

188,705)

439,646

28

John Laird,

9,4611

24,592 48,4011 32,441| 14,718)

227,939

127,613)

357,552

Lady Amherst,

8,709 8,300 20,990)

9,899 3,693

4-7,1001

46,39]

583,400

Victor,

5,500

51,809

10,400 41,300

22,600 5,390

321,000

186,9.00]

457,903

Roseanna,

11,229|| 22,090

17,009! 18,990

9,399

459,100

78,420 587,520

+

Wm. Jardine,

123,752 1 143,593|

66,193

24,277

13,253

457,325

371,07

828,403)

John Christian,

39,671| 26,472

1,752

16,709;

10,530

867,777

95,164

462,941

10.

Greyhound,

23,990

690

30,400|

18,699]

158,399| 78,500

236,09| 60

Lord Althorp,

31,849| 42,370

5,570

3,13

226,22] 82,910

309,712

M

iry Ann Webb,

52,083

3,762|||||| 65,102||

39,715

18,041 13,005

214,736 191.7021

406,444 20,

Dorothy,

76,830 66,000|

44,53]|

81,155

9,199||

133,616 227,765

361,381!

Annie,

.... |

173,197

173,107 120

Mathilda,

22,736

2,7561

27,541

8,0591 2,756 4,463

339,957

68,311|

399,268) 190

anny Connell,

Regina,

126,740|

Witham,

Lumayoon,

85,622| 59,954 11,856 74,153 37,242 22,234 36.832 22,245 87,408| 20,160]

26,754|

23,851

17,565į

29,661|

158,792

183,453

69,3.59

37,416

379,292

315,355

6-4,647

!

15,542 1,2-3

291,540]

187,336)

478,876)

66,212|

22,458

384,991

218,478

603,469 1:3

sabella,

131,100)

ndy Howden,

19,200 22,100{ 76,800 16,590 2,500

30,000

59,000 112,200

64,2001

Euphrates,

192,652

56,584 97,739 74,048

35,579 1,36.

3 ngalee,

75,300

56,590

33,700

22,500

himore,

134,300|

72,200|

Princess Royal.

B.8001

69,900

24.400

7,900! 4,600

83,400

2,613 8,000]

29,690,

139,200| 279,200 409,400| 306

178,300 254,400| 455,326 867,957 $23,2-37 178,100 188,0001 361,100 341,700 279.690| 621,300 41 493,700 221,119 624,830 920

427,700)

1846.

Particulars of the Export of Teas, &c.-Continued.

42

Marion,

16 Shang.

335,184

Bleng,

16

Cork

167,484

Janet Wilson,

16

[London] 238,220

30,940

Marmion,

16!

Cork

,600]

2,500

Gardner,

16

London

232,914

37,514| 27,104|

"

Buckinghamshire

27 Canton

1,104,000;

46,600 4,300

1,500|

41,000

18,500

""

Earl Powis,

316,407

""

Wanderer,

411,775

Hebrides,

177,349)

27,629

2,839

Prce. of Waterloo

Liverp.

464,277

3,000

500

....

Monarch,

London

357,819

76,149|

20,211

Sarah,

Dublin

481,690

15,200

23,3001

Symmetry,

201

London

222,960

740

""

Queen,

June 3

331,750 14,200

14,800

8,700

Constantinople,

18 Canton

329,841

17,275!

5,384!

200

"

Tomatin,

18 Shang. Cork

155,715

17,573

Mirzapore,

30 Canton London

58,818

41,169 24,038|

Old England,

100,759 55.180

Jeremiah Garnett

18

6 Shang. Cork Liverp. 233,845 55,857

""

Total pounds for season 1845-46,

"

"

1844-45,

1843-44,

37,1×2,044|1,976,764|551,646 41,809 2,688,194|1,638,417|137,550|765,843

36,012,358|1,393,216|552,05:|131,294|1,815,014|1,369,752| 77,450|288,259 37,453,759 1,531,363|441,669|277,0261,072,485 519,88 | 34,006| 39,134

727

1846.

Particulars of the Export of Teas, &c.-Continued.

43

Marion,

33,081

2,046|

15,011!

5,359|

2,405

35,184

57,902

363,06

3

Bleng,

21,206)

618

21,706

20,574 9,607 3,432

167,494]

77,143

244,627

Janet Wilson,

3,73

9,266|

2,669

1,440

....

269,160|

17,104

286,264]

16

Marmion,

46,600

7,700

58,000! 14,300

10,100

6,000

223,100

142,700

370,800

660

Gardner,

1,864

5,9841

B,929

4,875

2,589

624

297,532!

29,829

326,861

169

Buckinghamshire,

294,900

185,100||

82,100

84,800}

42,690

3,800

1,215,970

693,3001 1,909,200)

Earl Powis,

15,827

3031

2,66×

3,296

2,358

316,407

24,452

340,859)

Wanderer,

43,549

2,219|

1,936)

411,775|

47,69 459,473

Hebrides,

172,400||||106,6×4||| 112,740||

74,475

33,303||

297,817

499,692

707,419)

Prce. of Watterloo,

48,000|

3,500|

33,500|

24,500 2,609

467,700

118,100|

5-5,800

Monarch,

116,104j

7,8-91

5,143

67,423

2,376

400!

454,179]

224,855

679,014)

14-

Sarab,

12,ふり!

3,000|

8,700

2,600

470,100

21,800| 491,9001

Symmetry,

115,751

14,487

223,700

130,198||||| 353,8!

Queen,

11,069

8,750 120,170]

11,7001

7.4~01

369,459|

154,760

524,210)

20,

Constantinople,

....

6,79

22,697]

4,513

352,700

34,00 3 6,708

201

Tomatin,

67,899|

161,812

5,799 57,566|| 23,999 23,221| 30,365 87,091 109.460 27,885 97,527 45,018 46,976 20,620 59,916 23,165 2,922|| 24,898!

Mirzapore, Old England,

Jeremiah Garnett,

|3,680,272}1,703.205|3,378,239|2.527,828, 1,114,1327295,95, 152,

*2.267|'2,605,78-37,5×8,055 17,5×0

|3,27,,58>|2,105,89~| 2,990,414|2,375,337|1,234,8×2|335,49|41, 39,397||2,320,90 ||[53.969,30,|12.935| |2,776,796|1,270,120|1,129,250/1. "114) 563,135),33,4 |-|11,358,944| 8,849,672|50,218,199| 2520|

14,070 6,979

173,288

176,303

349,591,

697

15,893

124,016|

26,382

39-2,39

18,189| 33,826)

155,939

831,985]

487,844|

712

290,429| 184,497

474,926! 561

1845:

VESSELS.

Export of Teas to the United Stat:s from 30th June 1845 to Ast July 1846; with export of silk and sundries to the U. S. in 41 vessels.

DATE.

Y. HYSON.

HYSON.

H. SKIN.

44

TWANKAY.

G. POWDER.

IMPERIAL.

¡Airone,

Huntress,

September 13

23

55,478

729

18,031

10,761

2,400

5,366

Toaquin,

October 24

148,823

12,465

3,080

Inca,

November 13

1,697

25,732

2.850

2,850

Panama,

28

341,260

B3,076

61,018

47,608

20,722

23,233

""

¡Heber, -

-

30

250,138

19,346

5,325

8,732

""

flowqua,

30

324,978

3,906

18,196

8,314

1,940

11,340

"9

John Q. Adains,

December 9

321,831

14,950

26,293

* 93,411

27.311

20,045

"Ann McKim,

6

152,597

17,667

24,829

45,047

22.857

"}

Mary Ellen,

Montreal,

"}

Horatio,

"}

Clarendon,

Lenox,

30

Mana9

233

153,431

8,140

62,131

69,645

9,449

7,112

26

321,205

42,503

36,811

15,573

14,300

27

322,288

47,316

49,194

25,794

58,577

36,913

29

433,479

51,765

108,695

79,610

51,007

63,171

1846

Henry,

January

2

310,887

12,584

22,292

66,020

14,595

11,236

Montauk,

7

270,163

5,888

10,716

2,658

90,717

56,886

Eliza Ann,

14

210,720

11,003

31,985

42,922

24,749

'Cohota,

14

470,356

19,3B

95,193

20,387

47,852

36,490

""

Leland,

17

230,635

19,058

69,985

41,201

"

Oneida,

19

186,625

77,392

24,662

39,030

100,749

67,856

- "9

Grafton,

20

52,597

37,653

20,338

Rainbow,

24

260,702

68,910

20,259

30,657

59,205

41,551

77

Geneva,

31

177,767

44,376

107,145

50,434

22,101

"

Ann Maria,

February 8

273.428

10,628

9,168

32,719

17.662

1845.

Export of Teas to the United States, &c.-Continued.

VESSELS.

SOUCHONG,

POWCHONG.

PEKOE.

OOLONG.

GREEN.

BLACK.

TOTAL.

Airone,

4,849

84,999

4,849

89,848

Huntress,

280

3,034

7,766

3,314

11,080

Tonqnin,

53,027

360

4,793

10,626

164,368

168,806

333,174

Inca,

40,550

75,738

4,066

33,129

120.354

133,483

Panama,

90,561

11,237

506,917

101,798

608,715

1-ber,

33,574

45.269

283,541

78813

362.384

Howqua,

32,061

18,100

25,730

368,674

75.891

444,565

John Q. Adams,

80,956

37,613

16,946

7,495

503,841

143,010

646,85]

Ann McKim,

84,485

262,907

84.465

347,482

Mary Ellen,

5.897

20,457

16,008

309,968

42.3362

352.270

Montreal,

23.417

55,543

9,496

490,392

FR456

578.848

Horatio,

17,701

8,718

540,682

26,419

566,501

Clarendon,

37.359

27.214

3,615

727,556

69,218

796.774

Lenox,

55,604

6,208

63,171

62,472

125,643

Henry,

27,903

437,614

27.963

465,577

Montauk,

17,022

437,028

17.022

454,050

Eliza Ann,

66,982

9,163

821,379

76, 1:15

397,524

Cohota,

82,070

20,386

6#9,591

102,456

792,047

Leland,

2.890

26,542

360.879

29,432

390,311

'Oneida,

11,852

17.341

5,304

496314

34,497

530,-11

Grafton,

173,409

22.949

31,948

110,588

228.306

337,894

Rainbow,

71.779

12.103

481,284

83,881

565,168

'Geneva,

33.306

46.800

2,897

7,580

401, 23

90.5-3

492,406

Ann Maria,

150,019

2,910

8,929

343,605

161,258

505,463

45.

1846.

Export of Teas to the United States, &c.-Continued.

46

Loochoo,

February 22

288,900

60,729

47,397

34,881

43,358

30,164

Natchez,

203,311

""

23,812

77,500

24,570

15,129

Tartar,

>>

165,382

47,929

52,308

75,897

33,449

27,770

Paul Jones,

March

404,268

48,061

25,503

57,894

36,781

Medora,

>>

191,184

29,556

3,427

68,456

11,088

7,171

Wissahickon,

23

"

24,203

4,353

6,953

7,335

3,234

Lucas,

30

"

185,658

42,449

61,703

10,238

31,224

17,920

Helena,

April

1

373,151

28,638

33,661

100,679

24,343

29,576

Douglass,

24

241,418

7,645

11,482

42,947

18,719

16,332

Zenobia,

28

247,494

"}

4,364

74,496

59,877

17,266

18,562

Albjon,

May

8

192,370

13,545

82,401

20,261

16,310

John G. Coster,

15

189,890

39,289

100,694

128,321

67.036

40,261

"}

Jas. Boorman,

June

1

86,474

19,005

21,704

62,198

8,803

7,330

Akbar,

21

19

217,609

16,240

97,092

79,204

11,843

7.793

Candace,

23

59,517

78,156

5.021

5.360

}}

IT. W. Sears,

27

168,646

32,100

48,258

15,181

25.368

13,685

Total Pounds

8,633,731 | 905,566

| 2,588,776

1,253,709 854,043

Season 1844-45

"

9,171,298 | 358,915

1843-44

6,800,419

""

>>

"

941,065 | 674,978 597,088 456,245

NOTE. Beside the above named 40 vessels, the "Talbot" sailed July 22d with a cargo of Drugs and Sundries, making the aggregate despatches from China, to the United States 41 vessels, during the season; the "Ann McKim" WLS

2,654,859

539,794

| 1,738,291 |

1845.

Erport of Teas to the United States, &c.-Continued.

Loochoo,

110,795

29,318

35,267

505,429

175.880

680,809

Natchez,

137,218

5,694

344,352

142,912

427,264

Tartar,

57,008

36,530

402.735

93,538

496,273

Paul Jones,

69,102

66,140

572,597

135,242

707,89

Medora,

87,079

9,928

2,304

801

310,882

100.112

410,994

Wissahickon,

60,003

11,635

46,078

71,638

117,716

Lucas,

51.857

23,652

349,192

75,509

424,701

Helena,

23,664

3,720

590,048

27.3-1

617,432

Douglass,

B1,623

32,039

338.543

163,662

502.205

Zenobia,

3.874

10,991

421.559

14.865

436,424

Albion,

4,791

274,887

4,791

27:9,678

John G. Coster,

275,488

25.360

565,491

300,848

866.339

Jas. Boorman,

60,694

32,993

205,514

93,627

299.201

Akbar,

309,276

82,791

4,429

6,483

429,780

402,979

82.759

Candace,

181,006

45.942

15,307

148,054

242,255

390,309

T. W. Sears,

247,054

51,988

303.238

299.042

602.2×0

3.064,160 |

946,378 |

35,435 | 220,294 |

14,235,825 ||

4,266,267 | 18.502.092

||

L

5,280,865 |

1,301,965 69,285 | 298,353 | 3,13,13; 799,622 | | 60,178 | 1832,594 |

laden at Shanghai, and the "Montauk" took there a portion of her cargo. The "Talbot," "Huntress," and "Lenox" touched at Manila, to fill up.

13,801,115 | 6,950,468 | 20,751,583 10,131937 1 4,125,527 | 14,257,364

47

1

48

Export of silk and sundries to the United States

on the above named 41 vessels.

Pccs 54,004 Cassia,

Pongees,

Peculs 7,867

Handkerchiefs,

"

50,975 Matting,

-

Sarsnets,

"

6,167 Rhubarb,

Rolls boxes

23,533

1,135

Senshaws,

""

4,085 Sweetmeats,

"

4,637

Satins,

"

1,982 : Vermillion,

176

"

Damasks,

"

Satin Levantines,

""

Crapes,

""

321 Split Rattans, 1,099 Pearl Buttons,

199 Chinaware,

bundles 1,068

boxes

204

644

"9

Crape Shawls,

"

132,987 | Fire Crackers,

"

20,510

Scarfs,

99

10,290

Aniseseed star,

159

"

Sewing Silk,

lbs

630 Oil of Cassia,

154

""

Raw Silk,

boxes

436

"

Anise,

174

99

Grass cloth,

"

692 Camphor,

Peculs

1,346

Fans and Screens,

1,168 Lacquered ware,

boxes

377

1

NOTICES OF SHANGHAI.

The river of Wúrung.

      Vessels of light draught may navigate the Yangtsz' king with ease and safety, but it will be necessary for vessels above 18 feet to make the Amherst rocks, (which are 20 feet above the sea, and in lat. 31° 9.3 N., and long. 1223 23.6 E.,) and to have beacons placed for them to sail by. Leaving the Amherst at a quarter ebb, a vessel will carry the flood to Wisung if there is any wind.

     The following courses will insure deep water. From the Amherst rocks S. 72° W., 141⁄2 miles, but care must be taken that the vessel really makes good this course, and that the flood tide does not sweep her to the northward of that bearing, which is given to clear the Ariadne rocks. The sea breaks on the Ariadne rocks in strong winds, and the lowest tides. The bearings from these rocks are, Amherst, N. 77° E., 71⁄2 miles; Shau-e-shan, N.; Gutzlaff I., S. 9° W.

     After passing the Ariadne, should the northeast break or ripple be seen, it will be the best leading mark, for the deepest water is close to the bauk. The course along it will be about N. W. † W.; it bears from Shau-e-shan S. 30° W., and is distant from the Amherest rocks, 16 miles. If it is not seen, having run the first course and dis- tance, a course N. 61° W. will take a vessel in mid-channel to Wúsung; but as the strength and set of the tides will materially affect the ship's course, vessels are recommended to use the ground Jog, both for course and distance.

     Having run 24 miles on the second course, approach the low west- ern land to one mile; at this time a cluinp of trees making like three

• will be seen; keep this distance from the bank until a remarkable high tree is seen (if it is clear). At the same time will be seen Paoushan point, which is the sharp angle of an embankment; when within a mile of the High Tree point, increase your distance from the shore, and not bring Paoushan point to the northward of W. by N. § N. The best anchorage off Wosung will be Bush island, N. W. by W., and Wúsung village joss pole, S. 41' W., in 8 fathoms. The leading mark into Wúsung is the joss poles at the village, S. 41° W. But the best leading mark will be for a vessel at anchor in the above position, to place one of her boats for a beacon. When the low point below the embankment shows clear of Paoushan point, close the western or Wüsung shore to a cable, where is good anchorage. Proceeding from Wúsung to Shanghae, keep the western or left bank on board until you open the second creek on the opposite shore, which will be a mile above the village; then cross over and

50

keep the eastern shore close on board, the channel being in some places scarcely a cable wide. Should the flood run strong, haul over as soon as you have rounded the low point opposite the village. The narrowest part is opposite to a low point on the western shore above the batteries. The bank forms a point, with a remarkable bushy tree on it; it is 7 miles by the river from Wúsung village. Having passed this point keep in mid-channel. Before arriving. at the town, which is 53 miles above it, the river takes a sudden turn to the southward, and the western or right shore again becomes the deep side. The mud extends nearly a cable from the point at the turning; between it and the town shore, there is a deep hole, with 12 and 18 fathoms, but off the town there is 3 and 4 fathoms.

The city of Shanghái.

       SHA‍NG-HAI HIEN, or the district of Shang-hái, belongs to Sungkiáng fú, #2 †¤ Hƒ• or the department of Sungkiáng. The city of Shing-hái is in lat. 31° 24′ 29′′ N., long, 121° 32′ 02′′ E. and distant, in a direct line, from the mouth of the river Wúsung, abont seven miles. The place was visited by Messrs. Lindsay and Gutzlaff in the Lord Amherst in 1832; in 1835 again by Messrs Medhurst and Stevens; and in 1842 by the British military and naval forces. By the latter we gained the following facts. "The wall is 32 miles in extent; that of Ningpd is 54; but its suburbs are more ex- tensive than those of Ningpo. The gardens of the ching hwáng miáu are spacious and well built, with many summer and grotto-houses. Gardens, yielding most excellent fruit, are generally attached to the houses. Farmsteads and hamlets diversify the landscape around the city; and the grounds, as far as the eye can see, are entirely flat. The distinct separation of the layers of deposited soil, on the banks of the river, strongly reminded those gentlemen who had been in Egypt, of the Nile."

  The following particulars we borrow from the Hongkong Register; they were, we believe penned by a Spanish gentlemen, who visited Shing-hải in 1843.

"The city of Shánghaí is situated about fourteen miles from the

gea and on the right bank of a river of the same name, which flows into the Yangtsz' kiáng at a small distance from its mouth. Ships of the largest size can ascend the river and anchor in front of the city, although a pilot is sometimes indispensable, and it is difficult to avoid getting on shore.. Captains, experienced in these seas, say not-

51

     withstanding that the approach and entry of the river present no less difficulty. The city has a rampart or wall with a circuit of five or six miles. It has many embrasures where cannon might be pointed, but it is so narrow, in some places, that it would be impossible to nanage artillery on carriages. The wall is without bastions, exterior defences and ditches. The houses of the suburbs, moreover, which form whole wards on some sides, are built close to it. It has five entrances, each consisting of two gates, but without drawbridge or other defense. The streets are narrow and filthy to a degree difficult to be imagined. Shops of all kinds are numerous, or to speak more correctly, every door is a shop. The city contains at least 300,000 souls. Along the river the houses are washed by the water.

      "Shánghải is truly the port of the city of Sáchau, which is about 150 miles distant by the river. Súchau is considered by the Chinese as the paradise of their country. Those who have succeeded to an inheritance, those who have obtained sudden riches, in a word, those who wish to spend some thousand dollars merrily, betake themselves to Súchau. Here are found the best hotels, the pleasure boats are the most sumptuous, the most pleasant gardens, the fairest ladies. The fashions for the dresses and coiffure of the fair sex change in China every three years, and these fashions proceed from Súchau and give the laws even to the ladies of the court. The circum stance of being so near this city and the mouth of the Yángtsz' kiáng have. made Shánghái a mercantile emporium. The Yángtsz' kiáng is a river that washes the walls of Nanking and of several other provincial capitals, without reckoning an immense number of inferior cities, as it is navigable for large vessels for more than a thousand leagues into the interior. Indeed the navigation of this vast river is of the greatest amount. In it there are several ports of great resort. In that of Hánkau, in the province of Húkwáng and situated 600 leagues from the sea, are found continually assembled from six to eight thou- sand vessels. The river besides receives a vast number of tributaries, all more or less navigable, and its mouth, as already mentioned, is contiguous to Shanghái.

       "The vessels which arrive at this port are known, at the custom- house, as those of the north, of Fuhkien, and Canton, The vessels of the north come principally from Kwantung, Liáutung, Teintsin, (at the mouth of the Peiho, the river which passes,Peking,) and from the province of Shantung. The vessels of Kwantung and Liántung are the same as those of Teintsin. Those of Shintung proceed from

52

the different ports of that province. Both are known under the name of vessels of the north; and all that come to Shanghaí annually at the commencement of the northeast monsoon amount to 990. From Fuhkien about 300 come annually, but a greater part of them come from Hai-nan or Formosa, and some from Chusan and Ningpo, also from Manila, Bali, and other ports prohibited to the Chinese. About 400 come from Canton, a great part proceed from Macao, Singa- pore, Pinang, Jolo, Sumatra, Siam, and other places prohibited to the Chinese.

44

   The vessels therefore of the outer seas which come to Shánghái annually are 1600, although in some favorable years they have amount- ed to 1800. Taking these vessels at an average of 200 tons, we shall have an importation of 300,000 tons. Although the vessels of the north are 900, and those of the south only 700, these latter have a greater total amount; among the former are many of only 60 tons.

  "The vessels of the north bring a great quantity of a dry paste, known under the name of tánping, the residuum or husk of a legu- minous plant called teuss, from which the Chinese extract oil, and which is used, after being pressed, as manure for the ground; great quantities also of the same plant unpressed, hams and salted meat, oil, wine and spirits, timber for ship building, wheat, chesnuts, pears, fruits, greens, &c., come from the north.

""

'From Fuhkien they bring sugar, indigo liquid and dried, sweet potatoes, salted fish, paper, black tea, and soap; from Canton sugar, cinuamon, Canton cloth, fruits, glass and chrystals, perfumes, soap, white lead, &c.

  "The vessels arriving from Singapore, Malacca, Penang, Java, Jolo, Sumatra, Borneo, &c., and which are entered at the custom-house as coming from Fuhkien or Canton bring European goods of all kinds, opium, flints, pepper, shark's fins, deers' horns, cochineal, hides, nails, nutmegs, liquid and dried indigo, bicho de mar, birds' nests, mother o'pearl, shells, tortoise shells, ivory, buffalo's humps, sugar, canes, betel-nut, sapan-wood, ebony, iron, lead, gold-thread, and all kinds of wood for spars, ornamental and fragrant, as well as materials for dying and medicine, coming from the Red Sea, the Persian or Indian seas, and the isles of Polynesia.

"The ships of the north, that is those which return to Kwántung, Tientsin and Liáutung, carry away cotton, some tea, paper, silks, and cotton stuffs from Nanking and Suchau, European goods and flints, opium, and a great part of the sugar, pepper, bicho de mar and birds'

53

nests, &c., which the vessels passing under the name of Fuhkien and Canton bring to Shánghái. Soine of thein however return in ballast. These last mentioned vessels return with cargoes of cotton, earthen ware and porcelain, (especially for Formosa,) salted pork, green tea, raw and manufactured silks, native cotton cloth, blankets, hemp, dried pulse of various kinds, fruits, and part of the goods brought by the vessels from the north.

     "There is besides an interchange of a vast number of articles con- nected with the coasting trade, such as baskets, charcoal and coal, wood, straw, pipes, tobacco, gypsum, varnish, umbrellas, mats, lau- teras, sacks, sponges, fruits, vegetables, &c.

44

      There come besides to Shinghái by the Yángtsz' kiáng and its branches, vessels from various ports amounting in all to 5,400 an- nually. These never put out to sea, but convey into the interior the goods brought by vessels from the south and the north, as well as transport from the interior the goods to be despatched by these vessels. In addition to the vessels employed in the inland navigation and those which go to sea, amounting as has been shown to 7,000, there are at Shanghái innumerable boats & barges employed in fishing and in conveying passengers and goods.

     It may be inferred from the foregoing description that Shinghái is not only a point of great trade in imports and exports, but also an emporium where there is an exchange of national and foreign com- modities between the southern and northern parts of the empire.

     "It would be an object of great interest to form a complete statement of the imports and exports, but whether it is that they are unwilling to communicate their information, or that they really have none (and I rather believe the latter) I found all the Europeans with whom I was acquainted at Shanghái completely ignorant of this matter.; and so much so that all assured me there came to that port at the least 5,000 vessels annually, solely because this number could be counted in it and even more. But we have seen already that the greater part are only the means of transport into the interior, instead of the carts and mules employed in other countries, or lands less favoured by nature than Shinghái. My application to the Europeans being unavailing, I might have turned myself to the rich native merchants and even the vessels anchored in the river, but this required, amongst other matters, a knowledge of the language of Shanghai and of the innumerable dialects which are spoken by the seamen and merchants who come thither. For such an undertaking I found myself very ill

54

prepared. In Manila and Canton I used much diligence in vain to find some fit Chinese who would follow me and act as interpreter. At Macao even I had difficulty in finding a servant, amongst those there who speak a kind of Euglish and Portuguese, which it is neces- Bary to study before you can understand it, but in Snánghái he was scarcely of any use to me, knowing no other dialect than that of Canton. Another whom I took into my service, in the former city, although he understood a little more of the idioms of the country, was equally useless to me, because I understood him very imperfect- ly. I could therefore only avail myself of the little which I could speak of the Mandarin dialect of Nanking (the language called the Mandarin varies not only between different provinces and cities, but even between the interior and suburbs of the same city); but it was impossible, with such feeble aid to keep myself afloat in this sea of difficulties. Another resource was left me, and it was to make ap- plication to the custom-house, but I would have been a simpleton to expect to gain information froin the chief men there. Therefore it

was by artful means, and putting in operation resources which rarely fail of their effect in China, I found access indirectly to a kind of Register or cash-book, in which was set down daily the quantities entered for duties received on goods imported. But this book, not having tables or sums, it was necessary in each article to extract page by page, the particular quantities, to form a calculation of the whole sum. And as this was a tedious process, and I feared consequently that it might cause trouble, I was content to glean the notices I wished for regarding articles which were of importance to the commerce of Manila. I found the result that there are yearly imported into Shánghái 520,000 peculs of sugar, from 25 to 30,000 of sapan-wood; an equal quantity of dye stuffs; from 3 to 4,000 of canes; 1950 of bicho de mar; 1700 of shark's fins; and 1500 of birds' nests. This last article is probably introduced in greater quantity than is entered; because the first quality pays five taels of duty at the custom-house, which must be a temptation to the dealers and those engaged in the office. A rice merchant from Fuhkien assured me that from 3 to 4,000 piculs of bicho de mar are imported, although those entered do not amount to 2000. The same amount of fraud is probably committed in shark's fins. Dye stuffs pay a duty of 4 mace per pecul, sapan-wood 1; shark's fins 1 tael 5 mace; bicho de mar 8 mace; sugar 100 cash.

"All the duties received at this customhouse on Chinese vessels

65

produce a little more thau $100,000, of which only 80,000 enter the imperial treasury.

"There is however considerable confusion in the money, weights and measures of Shánghái. Money transactions are effected in pieces of silver called sycee, in Spanish dollars of Carolus and Ferdinand. Silver is reckoned by taels; 720 taels are equal to 1000 dollars of Fer- dinand. But these dollars are here almost nominal, since those current at Shinghái are Carolus and bear to the others a premium of from 5 to 15 per cent. At the time of writing this notice the respective value of dollars was in the following proportion; 100 pure Mexican, Spanish 95, stamped of Carolus or Ferdinand 93. Sycee is not all of equal value. Some is in large pieces of the form of a Chinese shose, and of the weight of 50 taels, others are in small bits of various figures and weights, each of which has its own denomination, and they are received at different discounts. The first or large size is current at Shanghái, and is at a premium of 3 to 4 per cent, above .Spanish dollars, that is above the rate of 720 taels to $1000.

this moment one tael of such silver is equal to 1720 cash, one Carolus dollar to 1230.

Λι

"The ineasure is the chih equal to 15 inches 2 lines of the foot of Burgos, and 4 per cent, shorter than the pau of Canton. The chúng is also used, which is equal to ten chih.

     "The weights are the pecul (tán) and catty (kin). The Chinese merchants in their purchases and sales of sugar, and some other articles, make the catty equal to 14 taels 4 mace; from which it fol- lows that the peoul only weighs 90 catties at 16 taels. Or else they make it of 181⁄2, in which case 100 are equal to 116. The first weight they call shui kwan tsing, and the second lai yan seng. Besides these they have the false sing, or tsao ping, the catty which is of 16 taels; the sima ping of 17; the kin iu pin of 15 taels 3'mace; and the un la shui kwan tsing or shan sho shui kuvu tsing of 12 taels 8 mace. Whereas the pecul of rice contains 160 catties, of wheat 140, of barley 120, of flour 100. Thus do they make the catties larger or smaller, counting them at the rate of from 141⁄2 to 181⁄2 taels; also they have taels of two or three kinds; for example 19, taels of the sima ping`are equal to 20 of the shui kwan tsing; that is to say, the weights come to be conventional, but Europeans always bargain for piculs of 100 catties of the custom-house of Shánghái, which is the same as that of Canton. This however does not prevent a person making inquires of the natives in order to gain commercial informa-" tion to prevent being misled."

56

    To the foregoing we add a few particulars from Lieutenant Ouch- terlony's book, in which, by the bye, are some "astounding errors and incorrect representations." For instance, the "Illustration" opposite page 304 throws up Alpine ridges in the rear of Sháng-hái, where not a hill or mound of any height is to be seen! The lieutenant tells us that the ramparts of the city, though well built, cannot be accounted strong, by reason of their insignificant height, which renders them easy of escalade in many points; the gateways, four in number, are well placed in square bastions, projecting clear of the main rampart, and having double entrances, so as to isolate the in- ner gates in the enceinte from the outer opening in the front face of the bastion. The military establishments were not found to be on an important scale; the arms and ammunition were poor in quality and of no large amount. The most remarkable buildings are situated near the centre of the city, and consist of spacious halls and pagodas, built in a sort of square of great extent, having in the centre a sheet of water, with bridges, weeping willows, acacias, ornamental stone-. work, &c., &c. The private dwelling houses have usually many squares included in their range, the whole being walled in by high brick enclosures, with only two doors for ingress and exit. The pawnbroker's establishments, except in style and extent, closely re- sembled those of England. The lieutenant's account of these is amusing, but we must refer our reader for it to his book. The ice- houses, a most welcome discovery," were very simple in form and principle of construction, but perfectly efficient, the rays of the sun being reflected from thick high roofs made of thatch, and the com- munication of heat to the interior being prevented by thick mud walls. The ice was abundant. Much of the furniture in the houses "was exceedingly solid and good, often elaborotely carved and orna- mented in a very costly manner." The slabs of marble were es- pecially beautiful. "One of these, which was let into the back of a couch, incasured seven feet and a half in length, and fifteen inches in breadth; it was white, variegated with veins of different hues, and presenting a most tasteful and georgeous appearance."

NOTICES OF NINGPO.

THE Tabiah

River of Ningpo.

I river, or entrance to the Yungkiáng

I is entered by three passages, (formed by the islets called the Triangles in Thornton's old charts of 1703,) all of which are

difficult.

The first danger in the southern channel is a rock which is cover- ed at half tide, lying N. 70° E., 2} cables from the summit of the eastern Triangle, or Tayew shan. If the Inner Triangle, or Passage island, is kept open of the south point of the outer one, this danger will be avoided.

Having passed the east point of the Outer Triangle, keep it and the Middle Triangle close on board, to avoid a sunken rock with 8 feet on it, which lies in mid-channel, and to the southward of the latter. When on the reef, a small island, 8 miles to the west of Chinhái is in line with the extreme of the high bluff land beyond it. Then steer to pass half a cable east of the Inner Triangle. Then steer for the foot of the Joss house hill at Chinhái, taking care that the tide does not set you over to the eastern shore, the water shoaling to 2 fathoms, five cables from that side.

     The second passage, or that between the Middle and Inner Trian- gle, is perhaps the best of the three. A mud spit extends westerly from the Middle Triangle 14 cable, which will be avoided by keep- ing the joss house on the hill open of the west point of the Inner Triangle; pass as before a cable to the eastward of the latter, which must not be approached nearer than half, or receded from further than 1 cable.

The channel between the Inner Triangle and the Joss house point, has only 2 fathoms water; it is however the broadest and best for vessels of light draught. The only danger in it is the Tiger's tail reef, which lays rather more than 1 cable, N. 492 W., from the high- est part of the Inner Triangle. The marks for the Tiger's tail rocks are Hoowu tsiao, or the little peaked islet at the south end of the stakes, in line with River hill, and also the southeast foot of the Jocs

58

house hill in line with the girst cone.

The Joss house point is steep

to, and vessels will find good shelter under the fort.

    The river is staked across at the entrance, under the Joss-house hill, and there are sunken junks on each side of the opening through them. (This was in 1843.)

Ningpois 111⁄2 miles from Chinhúi by the river, which is nearly straght, the reaches all lying to the southward of west, except one which is short. There are no dangers; the depth in mid-chan- nel varies from 5 to 24 fathoms. Vessels therefore drawing more than 13 feet should wait for half flood. The average width of the river is two cables.

At the city, the river separates into two branches, one taking a northwest, the other a S. by W. direction. The latter is barely a cable wide, and is crossed by a bridge of boats one quarter of a mile above the junction. A spit extends from each point at the entrance to the former, and has a depth of from 24 to 6 fathoms.

NINGPO FU OR the Department of Ningpo, is 3640 í from Peking; and the city is in lat. 29° 55′ 12′′ N. long. 121° 22′ E. Having a population estimated at 300,000.

The following notices were written by the Rev. W. C. Milne for the Chi- nese Repository, to which the reader is referred for a full account of the city.

City of Ningpo.

The distance between the harbor of Tingħái and the port of Ningpo, is calculated by the natives to be 180 lí, or 54 miles. The rock, inserted in English charts under the name of Just-in-the-way,' (in the Chinese maps called Hwáng niú tsiáu, 'the tawny ox rock,') is reckoned' the half way mark between Tinghái and Chinhái, while the latter lies at the mouth of the river, 60 li, or 18 miles distant from Ningpo, the capital city of the department of the same name.

To

The fork of the river of Ningpo is called "the_mouth of three rivers,' from the fact that, at this point, there is the confluence of three streams. To the northwest of the city, there is a large stream running down through the districts of Yüyáu and Tsz'kí, which is called the Yau river, or the Shun river, or the river of Tsz'kí. the east, there is another stream, known under the name of the Yung river, which name it retains above the city of Ningpo only the short distance of 35 li, when it branches off in one line to the southwest, under the name of Ying river, and in another line to the southeast towards Funghwá, borrowing its name from the same district. There, where the Ying river unites with the Funghwá river, it is occasion-

59

    ally spoken of as the Pahtú river, or "north_ford river,' At the eastern angle of the city of Ningpo, this twin tributary unites with the river of T'sz'kí and their joint waters flow northeast and north in a deep channel, until they enter the open sea at Chinkái. From the fork down to Chinhái, the river is generally the Yung river. It is also not unfrequently named the 'Tátsieh' river, and some parts of it are known as the 'Siáutsieh.' In English charts and descrip- tions it is written the Takiah, or the Tahiah river; but the correct pronunciation, as has just been represented, is Tátsieh.

     The entire circumference of the city-walls, does not exceed five miles; the average height is 25 feet, exclusive of the parapet which is five feet high; the width at the top is 15, at the base 22 feet. The materials of which the wall is built are solid, although some parts are now greatly dilapidated; and on every side it is so overrun with grass and weeds, that one occasionally finds some difficulty in threading his way.

'

     There are six gates in the wall. Five of these are situated at the four cardinal points of the compass, there being two on the eastern face. The sixth opens at the northeast section. These are well known to those who were engaged in the late expedition, as the north and south, east and west gates. The second gate on the east face is called by the English the Bridge gate;' and the northeast gate is their 'Confucius gate,' or the 'Artillery gate.' In addition to these principal gates, there is, close by the south and west gates respectively, a water gate or small sally-port intended chiefly for the ingress and egress of boats that ply about in the city canals. At one time the south and west gates had each a drawbridge outside the walls. But this has become & fixture, It is a wooden bridge thrown across a narrow canal. Bridge gate' is so called because there is a floating bridge thrown across the river opposite to it, 200 yards long, and 5 or 6 broad. It is made of planks firmly lashed and laid upon lighters, of which there are sixteen closely linked together with iron chains. The bridge is occasionally opened for the passage of large boats plying up and down the river. There is a busy market upon it, and the passengers are so thick that no man has time for gazing about. It leads into a bustling and populous suburb on the opposite side.

"

The six pincipal gates are double. Each inner gate is support- ed by an outer one, which is 20 or 30 yards distant from it. The line of wall, that runs off from the one side of the inner gate towards

60

the outer, is the leaping wall, which having described a section of a parallelogram, meets the inner gate at the other side. The arch thrown over that point, where the two walls approximate, is called the Moon wall.'

4

   Over each gateway, whether the inner or the outer, a guard-house is raised, that on the former being the larger of the two, and generally two stories high. At present these stations are unoccupied by guards, and I have not yet been able to ascertain that there are any set to watch the entrances during the day-time. At night, they are generally clos- ed; but are opened to any person who will pass 50 or 60 cash into the keepers' hands. Houses are not built upon the wall, nor close to it, as may be seen in some Chinese cities; so that all around there is a clear walk along the base of the wall eight or ten feet in width. To this remark an exception must be made of the space inclosed within the Moon wall' just spoken of. On the walls of the guard-houses, we saw traces of Englishmen having been there. The soldiers, who had been stationed there during the late campaign, had beguiled some tedious moments by scribbling a few lines with charcoal, or by scratching ungainly figures with their bayonets. This is, however, a trick not confined to Europeans. Side by side with. their delineations, are the figurings of the Chinese, who, though not so dexterous and ready to write their names on walls, or to cut them out on wood, are yet sufficiently off hand at both. While we walked upon the walls we met with few people, and those ran up from the streets only through curiosity. Here and there we stumbled upon a lean horse grazing in solitude upon the rampart.

   From the wall, the scenery is agreeable. There is a moat of some extent that almost encircles the city. It commences at the north gate, and from that runs along the base of the ramparts on the west, south, and southeast, until it reaches the Bridge gate, where it ceases. It is about three miles long, is deep and in some places perhaps forty yards wide. It is well supplied with water from the neighboring fields and the adjacent river, and is daily navigated by small boats. The northern, northeast, and eastern faces of the city are supposed to be well enough guarded by the river, and no moat has been dug to protect them.

   The vast plain of Ningpo is a magnificent amphitheatre, stretch- ing away 12, 15, or 18 miles on the one side, to the base of the distant hills, and on the other to the verge of the ocean.

                               As the eye travels along it, it catches many a pleasing object. Turn it to the

61

northwest, west, south, and southeast, and it will see canals and water-courses, cultivated fields and snug farmhouses, smiling cot- tages, family residences, hamlets and villages, family tombs, mo- nasteries and temples. Turn it in the opposite direction, and your vision is not bounded by rising mountains, except in the east. Though it is chiefly a plain country in this region also, you perceive it must unite with the ocean. The land scenery is much the same as in the former instance, but the river swarining as if alive with all kinds of boats and the banks studded with ice-houses, most of all attract the attention. If you turn the eye from without, and, while you continue standing upon the ramparts, look within at the city, you will be no less gratified. Here there is nothing European ; there is little to remind you of what you have seen in the west. The single storied and the double storied houses-low but irregular, the heavy prison-like family mansions, the family vaults and graveyards, the glittering spires of the temples, the dilapidated official resi- dences, the deserted literary and examination halls, and the promi- nent sombre' tower of Ningpo,' are entirely Chinese. The attention is also arrested for a momeut or two by ditches, canals, and reservoirs of water, with their wooden bridges and stone arches, &c., &c. A walk upon the walls, from the northeast, or the ' Confucius gate,' round by the north to the south gate, on a cool evening, is delightful. There are kitchen gardens in that quarter of the city, with not a few trees in some of them, which give shelter to birds of several varieties. • Wild fowl have been seen here.

Sauntering upon the walls, we occasionally fell in with a child's coffin. In one place, a mat bundle with a straw wisp round it, thrust into a loop hole in the parapet, was pointed out as the deposit of some illegitimate offspring, that had been concealed there to hide the crime of the guilty woman. This was told me, however, as a mere conjecture, founded upon the practice in such instances-which were, at the same time, said to be of rare occurrence.

     Along the foot of the ramparts, we observed many coffins strewed about. Some had been broken up through age, some had been burst open by hands of ruthless foreigners, and some (especially those that appear to have been recently laid down) had been rummaged by thieves or by hungry dogs. This exposure of coffins, both within and withont the city, is the most forbidding spectacle I have witness- ed since I came here. I anı told that they contain the remains -of

62

poor people. The respectable part of the population are careful to an extreme of the relics of their departed friends.* * *

In my peregrinations, I called at the mosque, over the entrance to which are engraved on a stone in large characters Hwui-kwui t'áng, i. e. Mohammedan temple. The head priest is a man of a remark- ably benign and intelligent countenance. His air is very gentle- manly. He must be 45 years of age. His figure is slender but tali. His native place is in Shantung, but his ancestors came from Me- dina in Arabia. He himself can read the Arabic scriptures most readily, and talks that language fluently; but of Chinese writing and reading, he is as ignorant as an Englishman in England. This is very surprizing, considering that he can talk it so well, was born and educated in China, and is a minister of religion among the Chi- mese. He laments much that his supporters are so few ;-they do not number more than twenty or thirty families. He took me into the place of worship, which adjoins his apartments. On ascending a Aight of steps, you get under a plain roof, beneath which, on either side, you find a mass of old furniture and agricultural implements covered with dust. The pillars to support the roof are ornamented with sentences out of the Koran. Facing you is an ornamented pair of small doors hung upon the wall, within which the sacred seat is supposed to lie; and on one side is a convenient book-case that contains the Mohammedan scriptures in 24 parts. He showed me his usual officiating dress, which is simply a white robe with a point- ed turban. Except at religious service, he wears the Chinese habit, and never appears out of doors in his sacred habiliments. They have one day of rest in seven, and keep it on our Thursday. On being asked if I might be permitted to attend any of their services, it was replied, that if their adherents had business on that day they did not trouble themselves to attend service. (Dec. 15th.)

January 10th. The Mobaminedan priest, named on the 15th of last month, brought with him a follower of the prophet, who had recently come to town. This stranger gives very distinct information of a class of religionists in Káifung fú ji!, the capital of Ho- nán, his native province, who from his description resemble the Jews. He says, they refrain from eating the sinew which is upon the hol- low of the thigh,' and they do not touch the blood of animals. He recognized the Hebrew letters as those used in their sacred writings, and could trace, in the sound of Hebrew characters, a connection with words which he had heard them utter. The testimony of this

S

I

63

individual precisely coincides with the brief notices published by Dr. Morrison, and with some of the lengthened details laid down in Grosier's History of China, vol. IV., chap. 11.

The Yushing kwan, or the temple of the Tau sect at the North gate, is a very large and extensive edifice. It lies close under and within the city walls, and is covered in at the back by a thick grove of trees. The avenue, that leads from the outer lodge to the 'sanc- torum,' is clean and cool. It is shaded over with the branches of some lofty tress, that rise on each side of the walk, and throw a sombre quiet over the whole place. The venerable priest, a man of short stature and slender make, but of mild and genteel manners, politely volunteered to show us round the building. We passed from one apartment to another, through this corridor into that, and in the immense building did not meet with more inmates than half a dozen of the sacerdotal order. The spacious chambers, rooms, and halls are tenanted by sculptured, carved and painted images, of all sizes, shapes, and ranks, male and female, young and aged, animal, human, devilish, and imagino-divine. The spirit of some of the inscriptions is excellent, but awfully misapplied.* * *

As the Foundling hospital, (the Yuhying táng † 2) was over the way, we begged the priest to introduce us to the building and' its inmates. To the left hand of the outer porch is a crib, upon which the abandoned infant may be laid. Over the door are emblazoned the characters, kiáu ching páu ch'ihnurture to matu rity and protect the babes.' Or crossing the threshold, you' open' a' finely paved square. To the right and to the left, there is a side door, with the word's nái fáng þþ F; i: e. 'milk room,' or nursery, upon it. A number of coarse looking women were peeping through the lattice at us, with squalid babies at their breasts, and squalid boys and girls at their heels. These women are the mirses, and these children the foundlings. Each nurse has two or three to look after. But I' have rarely witnessed such a collection of filthy, unwashen, ragged brats. There are at present in the institution from 60 to 70 male and female children. One side of the house is appropriated to the girls, and the other to the boys. We got admittance into the girls' nursery, which consists of from 20 to 30 rooms; in two or three flights running the one behind the other. The boys' nursery is its exact counterpart in' filth; as in everything else.

But the apart-

ments of the housekeeper or superintendent, looked decent,-form- mg a good contrast to what we had just seen,

64

The object of the institution is to afford to outcast babes, or to the children of poor and destitute parents, the protection and nur- ture of a home. Boys remain under its benevolent roof, until they attain the age of 10 or 15, when they are reared out to service, or are adopted into some family, and girls until they reach their 16th year, when they are engaged as waiting-maids, or are taken into concu- binage, or are betrothed by a parent in favor of his son or grandson.

This institution is above a hundred years old. It was erected in the first year of the emperor Kienlung's reign, at which time it num- bered only twenty-four distinct apartments. During his reign and since his demise, it has undergone various repairs, and has been much enlarged, so that now there are upwards of 100 rooms, includ- ing superintendent's quarters and public halls. It has lately been repaired, after a partial demolition' during the occupation of Ningpo by the British forces in 1841 and 1842,

It derives its support from various sources. It has an annual income-from money laid out at interest, from private donations, from the rent of houses, from lands let out for a return in kind or in money, and from yearly contributions of grain made by each of the six districts in the department of Ningpo. From the latest edition of the Annals of Ningpo, a historical work published fifty- four years ago, it appears that, from the rise of the institution to that date, the sum of its capital stook and yearly interest amounted to upwards of 10,300 taels of silver. We are also therein informed that it owned more than 209 acres of land which had been grant- ed by the generosity of its friends, and that the yearly rent, from eighteen rooms and one large mansion, bronght in 58 taels and odd. The same history mentions that, in the 40th year of Kienlung, his imperial majesty published an order that the city and district of Ningpo should annually contribute 38 shih, 4 tau of rice, and the districts and cities of Tsv'kí, Funghwá, Chinhás, Siángshán and Tinghái, (all belonging to the department of Ningpo,) should res- pectively pay 36 shih of paddy into the funds of this charity,' so that the nurses and the foundlings might be supplied with monthly rations, and whatever medicine they might require.' Besides the superintendent mentioned above, there is a government inspector, who takes general cognizance of the affairs of the institution, to check extravagance and prevent embezzlement.

NOTICES OF FUHCHAU.

Navigation of the Min.

    The White Dog group will afford shelter to vessels in the northeast monsoon; but by far the best place for making the entrance to the river is from Changchí shán and Matsú shán. On the west side of the latter, vessels will find shelter in either monsoon; and as they will have only seven miles to go to reach the bar, they will be better enabled to choose their time. These islands, viz: the White Dog group, Matsú shán, Chánchí shán, together with the Sea Dog, form admirable leading marks for making the coast, and are thus describ- ed by capt. Kellett :~

     The White Dogs.-"The White Dogs, called by the Chinese Pik-kiuen, consist of two large and one smaller islet. To the northeast one and a half mile is a rock upon which the sea breaks; anchorage for ships of any draught may be had under the western island in the northest monsoon; as the water decreases gradually towards the island, large vessels may approach as convenient, bearing in mind that there is 18 feet rise and fall."

    H. M. S. Cornwallis anchored here for five days with strong nor- theasterly winds, and rode easy. The bearings from her anchorage were as follows:

West point of northwest island N. † W.

Village Smallest island

NN E. in 8 fathoms.

-

E. S.

One cable off the western point of village bay, on the south side of west island, is a rock which shows at half tide. The channel be- tween the islands is safe. The southwest end of west island is in lat. 25° 58′ 1′′ N., and lon. 119° 57′ E. The summit of the island, which is nearly level, is 598 feet above the sea. Fresh water may be obtained in small quantities. Vessels bound for the Min should start from here with the ebb tide. Pilots may be obtained; but it must be borne in mind that the Bintang was run on shore by one of

them either through ignorance or willfulness.

Mátsú shán

-Matsú shán lies due north of the west-

66

  ern White Dog, and between the two (N. 14° E. from the latter) is the Sea Dog, a precipitous black rock about 60 feet high, with reefs about it: S. 32° W. from it 1.45 mile is a reef with only eight feet over it at low water; when upon it, the summit of Mátsú shán bears N. 14° W. Between the Sea Dog and Mátsú shán are two other rocks which are never covered; and upon the eastern side of Mástú shan in is an islet with reefs extending two cables easterly. Anchorage (as has been observed) will be found in both monsoons on the western side of Mátsú shán; but in the southwest monsoon vessels must choose such a berth as will enable them to run round the northwest point of the island and find shelter in the bay upon the north side, in the event of the breeze from that quarter freshening into a gale. Fresh water can be obtaineh in both bays.

Changchi shán. Chángchí stán lies northeast three

       長岐山 miles from Mátsú shán; on it are two remarkable peaks, the highest is elevated 1030 feet above the sea, and is in lat, 26° 14′ N., and long. 120° 1′.7 E. The bay on the south side of this island affords good shelter in the northeast monsoon. Vessels entering from the north- ward may round the southeastern horn of its close, and anchor within the point in six fathoms. Junks or fishing boats may be had here to communicate with the Min.

Entrance to the river Mîn. To the eastward of the north horn of the channel at the entrance of the river is a reef which shows only at low water, the bearings from it are: M'átsú shán peak N. 54° E., Sea Dog N. 88° E., White Dog peak S. 45 E, Sand peak S. 59° W., Sharp Peak N. 71° W., and Rees Rock is in line with the South- ern Peak on Square Peak Island.

   Rees Rock is low and difficult for a stranger to get hold of, unless from the masthead. There are, however, other leading marks, which, unless the hills are obscured, will from good marks to enable a sea- men to ascertain his position. On the north side of the river is a remarkable sharp peak ; and a square (or double peak) on the south; nearer than the latter, Round Island will be seen, and to the south- ward of it a sharp sandy peak, bearing about S. 68° W. This latter is the only peak that can be mistaken for the sharp peak on the north side, and the bearing of the White Dogs will at once obviate the mistake, if referred to. The channel between the breakers is two miles across, at the entrance; nearly in mid channel is a knoll, which at some seasons has only nine feet over it, and at other periods thir

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teen feet. The leading mark in, to pass upon the north side of it, is to bring Rees Rock in line with Square Peak, bearing N. 81° W. At present, however, (1846,) the channel south of it has more water, and is to be preferred, the leading mark for which is to bring Rees Rock in one with the first point under and to the right of Square Peak, bearing WNW. Having entered, steer so as to pass one mile north of Rees Rock; the breakers will show on each side of the channel if it be near low water and there is any swell; by skirting the northern side, the deepest water will be found, and it is necessary to take great care that the vessel is not set across the channel, as the tide rushes across with great force between the sand banks, the ebb setting to the northward and the flood southerly.

     The course from Rees Rock is N. 63° W., and in going up keep the islets (called the Brothers) on the face of Húkiángá in one, which will carry you in mid channel until you are abreast Sharp Peak point, when a NW. by W. course may be shaped for Temple Point, which is upon the north bank of the river, and will be known by the trees and Joss-house upon it. In the channel, without Rees Rock, the depth of water is 2§ and 3 fathoms; between Rees Rock and Sharp Peak point there is a hole with five and six fathoms, where vessels may stop a tide and find tolerable shelter; Sharp Peak point should not be passed nearer than a cable; the bay west of it is shoal, and under the peak the two fathoms line extends nearly one mile from the shore. The mud also extends southeasterly from Húkiangá nearly 14 mile. Vessels beating in this passage must therefore keep the lead going. From the West Brother the mud extend westerly one mile, and upon its north edge is a patch of rocks which are covered at quarter flood. The West Brother bears from thein S. 74° E., and the Temple N, 12° E.

     South 17° W. from the Temple 3 cables is a knoll with 2 fa- thoms on it. Sharp Peak seen over the lower part of Woga Point will place you on it. From the Temple to Kin-pái mun is not quite two miles W. by S. At the entrance of the passage are two islets; pass between them and keep over towards the south shore to avoid a rock which lies W. by S. Į S. from the northern islet. The channel is not quite two cables wide, and should only be attempted at slack tide, as the cháu-cháu water renders a vessel unmanageable.

To the westward of Kin-pái point is a rock having 13 feet over it at low water; the bearings upon it are Kin-pái point N. 66' E., fort

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  on the north shore N. 32° E., ferry house S. 48° W., highest hill over Kin-pái point S. 30° E. Kin-pár point in one with the north end of Passage Island (the northern islet at the entrance) bearing N. 56° E. will place you south of it, which is the best side to pass, as the channel this side is 14 cable wide, while between the rock and the tail of the spit to the westward, the distance is only half a cable. Having passed the point keep the southern shore close on board to avoid the middle ground, the channel hereabouts being sometimes under twó cables; when abreast of the ferry house which is 11⁄2 mile above Kin- pái, and on the right or southern bank, edge over to the northern shore, passing Wedge Islet at the cable's length; there are two rocky points above it which are covered at high water, and extend a cable from the embankment. The rock and sudden turn in the Kin-pái pass, render the navigation exceedingly awkward; but if vessels wait for the last quarter flood they can run up on the northern shore.

   Above the ferry house and the same side of the river is Tree Point, the shore on that side between them being shoal to; a half tide rock bears from the Tree Point N. 9o W. 4a cables, when on it the ferry house is in the line with Kin-pái point. This reach runs southwest by south and northeast by north; at the distance of six miles from Kin-pái, the river narrows again to 3‡ cables, the hills raising abruptly on either side.

The town of Min-gan

is on the left bank of the river one mile within the strait; the river continues narrow for three miles and the depth of water being generally above twenty fathoms, vessels, unless with a leading wind, should keep a boat ahead as the tide is apt to set you on either shore. Rather more than half a mile above Min- gan and on the same side of the river, is an islet crowned with a fort at the upper end of the narrows, are two islets upon the right bank; in going up leave them upon your port hand, passing close to the northern point of the outside one, which is steep to, but there is a sunken rock on which the Spiteful struck three quarters of a cable from its northwestern shore; WNW. from the island two cables is a shoal patch of nine feet at low water.

Having passed the island, keep along the right bank, gradually hauling up for the Pagoda of Losingtah; 8. 12° E. from it rather more than two cables is a sunken rock which shows at low water spring tides; to avoid which, round the Pagoda Point close, and come to opposite the sandy bay above the Pagoda. The river is only

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    navigable for vessels three quarters of a mile above the Pagoda. There is a sand bank half a mile to the northeast of the Pagoda and three quarters of a cable from the shore.

     The navigation of the river might be greatly facilitated and at a small expense.

The following are what appear to me necessary : 1st.-An iron basket high enough to be seen at all times of tide on the reef to the eastward of the north Horn at the entrance. 2d. A buoy on the knoll at the entrance. 3d. Rees Rock to be raised higher, and a mark on the land under Square Peak (which may easily be made by the paint or white wash) which brought in line with the rock will lead vessels through the channel to the southward of the knoll and obviate the necessity of compass bearings.

     The foregoing directions were written by captain Collinson; the following paragraphs are from the pen of the Rev. G. Smith, except- ing only a few scntences.

City of Fuhchau,

FUNCHAU,, is 4845 li from Peking, in lat. 26° 02′ 24′′ N., and long 119° 25′ E., a provincial capital, and the residence of the gevernor-general of Fuhkien and Chehkiáng. The circuit of the walls is between eight and nine miles.

The amount of its population, in the absence of all authentic statistics, can at best be only a subject of uncertain conjecture. Its apparent extent of space, covered with houses, is about twice the size of Ningpo, three times that of Shánghái, and nearly five times that of Amoy. The lowest estimate I have heard, reckoned it to contain à population of more than half a million. I should myself be inclined to place it at about 800,000, a number which will not be considered excessive, when we remember its eight and a half miles circuit of walls, and the small proportion of space unoccupied with buildings. Though it is the capital of Fuhkien it is a city, on the testimony of the high officers of the local government, of little trade with the interior, and of decreasing commercial importance.

This city lies thirty miles from the mouth of the river, in a valley on its right bank. The scenery of the Min from its embouchure to Fuhchau has been compared to that of the Rhine, with which, in- deed, it has some features of resemblance. The banks are generally steep and abrupt, and though upon the whole rather bare, in many places villages are seen half embosomed in trees, and the land above

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and around is terraced even to the summits of the hills, and under careful cultivation. A good deal of active bustle and improvement was perceptible as we approached the bridge. Numerous junks were lying in the river, their shapes and devices bespeaking the different ports to which they belonged, from the high poop and clunmsy bulk of the Shanghái barks, to the low, long craft, dispatched from Ningpo, and waiting for a cargo of black tea, &c. Shore boats, filled with idle gazers, plied round us in great numbers, generally worked only by women-ruddy, healthy, and merry-looking-by the aid of an oar at the stern and one at the bow, from 25 to 30 feet in length, serving as rudders. The city is not visible from the anchorage. A low sub- urb on both sides of the water, consisting of wooden and very dilapi- dated looking-houses, does not give a very favorable idea of the pro- vincial capital. To the left some low hills advance nearly to the water's edge, fringed with pines and fir-trees, and interspersed with temples and gravestones. To the right, in front and behind, a girdle of high hills defines the boundaries of an ample valley, through which, during the rains, the river rolls a rapid and turbid volume of water, often flooding, even for days, the whole of the surrounding country. The celebrated bridge of Fuhchau connects the little island (which blocks up the main channel and divides it into two lesser streams, of which the larger flows on the north side,) with each shore of the river, and probably from the substantial and durable material, of which it is composed, is called the Wán shau kiáu, or "Bridge of ten thousand ages." The larger bridge, on the nerthern side, con- sists of about forty arches, of immense slabs of granite, thrown across at right angles with the piers, rightly merit that name. The lesser bridge, on the south, consisis of nine similar arches. At high water, vessels of small burden can pass up the stream by lowering their masts. At low water a cascade pours forth through into the lower level of the river on the other side. This bridge is occupied by shops, something like London Bridge in olden times, and its narrow thor- oughfare is generally crowded by all kinds of busy wayfarers. *** A long suburb of nearly three miles, stretches thence to the southern gate of the city, consisting of a high street, and abounding with every variety of trades and handicrafts. * *

  Passing onward and at length emerging on the other side of the city-gate, through a large and massive breadth of the wall, we pro- ceeded, after a sudden turn to the left, along the inner side of the

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city wall rather less than a mile, till the thinly scattered houses, a fine sombre avenue of trees and a flag-staff with the British Union floating aloft on the over-hauging rocks, inimated our approach to the Wú-shih shán or "the Black-stone hill," which first by a genile acclivity and afterwards by a steep ascent over alternate path-ways and terraces brought me into full view of the romantic collection of detached temples, which form the site of the British Consulate.

From the top of Wú-shih shán, about 300 feet above the sur- rounding level, a fine view is gained of the city and adjacent coun- try.

Seated on a corner of one of the projecting rocks, with the huge boulder stones lying around and aloft, the perennial monuments of one of nature's most violent convulsions, in the wreck and ruins of antecedent ages, with only a few patches of herbage or fragments of bushes, the quiet solittude of the spot where I lingered contrasted strangely with the busy scenes below and the anima ted appearance of the country around. At my feet lay the populous city of Fuhchau, with its teeming masses of living idolatry, while, at a little distance beyond, the undulating plains, which begirt the city, retreated on either side till they met the range of lofty hills, rising from two to three thousand feet in height and closing it around in a circular basin of natural formation. On the east, north and west, at the dis- tance of from four to seven miles, a slightly broken country termi- nates in the hills, forming a bold amphitheatre round the northern half of the city. On the south, the level ground, stretching far across the river to the average distance of about twelve miles, is bounded by the mountainous range, which closes in the prospect.

As Fuhchau' is a garrison city, with the whole provincial posse of civil and military mandarins, there is a succession of watch-towers every two or three hundred yards, with two or three cannon resting on carriages without wheels, and pointing outwards into the adjacent country. The Mánchús are said to number 3000; but according to their own accounts; on this occasion, they had no accurate means of knowing their precise numbers but computed them to amount, with women and children, to about 8000. They have the cha- racter of being a tnrbulent and haughty race and sometimes very troublesome to the Chinese officers, from whose jurisdiction they are generally exempt, being subject to officers of their own race.

Of the prospects of a foreign trade with Europe I am but little qualified to form an opinion. As however the place is not rich in

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products, tea brought from the upper parts of the province is the only article of trade likely ever to become an important item of ex- port. The province of Fuhkien is the great black tea district of the empire, and the famous hills of Bohea (Wúí) are situated only 150 miles to the northwest of Fuhchau. It does uot therefore seem to be an unreasonable ground of hope that with the arrival of British capital at the port, the tea-merchants should prefer bringing their teas by a more direct and less expensive route to Fuhchau to the difficult, tedious and expensive overland route of more than six hun- dred miles to Canton. A cargo of tea may be brought in boats in four days down the stream to Fuhchau, while the expensive route over the mountainous country to Canton would occupy almost as many weeks. The growers also are said to be desirous of bringing their teas to Fuhchau and exchanging them in barter for European goods. Some of them, during the last season, brought down a large cargo, of which the only resident foreign merchant purchased 600 chests, in return for which they willingly took half the purchase in British manufactures.

They first took me to a hot spring, strongly impregnated with sulphur, of which I tasted a little, but which they prevented my drinking, saying that their horses were brought thither to water. They led the way in a smrll body to the Táng mún, or " Aot Bath gate," through which they conducted me into a little suburb, where the Mánchús and Chinese inhabitants are mingled together. We soon arrived at the public hot baths, where for a fee of two copper cash, the inhabitants possess the privilege of an ablution in these medical springs, to which some persons ascribe a more general absence of those cutaneous diseases, which they fancy to be more common elsewhere than at Fuhchau. Here the first object which I beheld was about twenty men in a round circular bath of not morẹ than six feet in diameter, all immersed up to their chins in the steam- ing fluid and packed as closely as faggots. A shout of laughter unusual among the serious gloomy people of Fuhchau proceeded from these twently beads, trunkless as far as my eye was concerned, moving on the surface of the water. Three or four naked men were anxiously sitting as expectants on the edge, till one of the twenty emerging out of the bath, made room for another to pack himself down among the bathers. One or two others might be seen anoin- ting their bare bodies with linimeut or plaster, having apparently been using the bath to cure their sores.

NOTICES OF AMOY.

Entrance to Amoy harbor.

On approaching Amoy city, (Hiámun ching, Z) from the southward, Chapel island, called by the Chinese Tungting

and situated in lat. 24° 10′3 N., and long. 118° 13′5 E., or 9.′ 44

E. of the S. W. point of Kúláng seu 鼓浪嶼 may be seen from

four to five leagues: it has an even surface, is about 200 feet high, and its circumference three cables.* It is perforated at its southeast extreme, which shows when it bears E.N.E' or W.S.W. When in

its neighborhood, a pagoda (called Nántái Wúshán ✯ ✯✯14)

will be seen, which is elevated 1720 feet above the sea, and is a good mark for the entrance.

     Between Chapel island and the main are two shoals. The ex- tremes of the southern one bear from Chapel island S. 60° W. to S. 77° W. The south extreme, having only one fathom on it, is dis- tant 7 miles. The northern extreme, having 31 fathoms, is distant 5 miles; the direction and extent of the shoal is N.N.E., 34 miles. When on the shoalest part, Chapel island bears N. 60° E., and the island of Nanting or Lamtia, N. 63' W. The Northern shoal bears from Chapel island N. 80° W., distant from it 81 miles ; it is formed by a number of pinnacle rocks which show at low water spring tides, having deep water between them. Four miles due north of this shoal, with Chapel island bearing S. 60° E., is a small bay called Tingtae, which affords shelter for small vessels in the northern mnon- soon; it may be easily known by the flat table head (with three chimneys on it), forming the eastern point of the bay, and the ruin of a wall encompassing a hill above it. The pagoda of Nántái Wú- shán is immediately over this bay, bearing N. 15° W.

In entering Amoy harbor, should a vessel pass inside Chapel island, she must not approach within a mile of the coast after passing Tingtae point. The Chauchat, or Taetse ao composed of

three flat rocks, said never to be entirely covered, but over which the sea breaks, lies ́ N. 22°W., 10.6 miles from Chapel island. When on it, the three chimneys on Wúseu shin island are in line with

* A cable is one tenth of a mile

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the Nánti Wústrán pagoda, bearing S. 82° W. By keeping Taepan or Weitsz' sú Point open to the eastward of Tsing seu 嶼

island, (which it will be when bearing N. 55° W.,) it will be avoided. The channel between' the rocks and Wú-seu shán island is five cables wide, with deep water, but dangerous for ships in consequence of the chowchow water. The passage to the northward and westward of Wú-seu shan is dangerous, being strewed with rocks.

Wú-seu island is 1.2 cables long, and in the centre a cables length broad. The northeast and southeast faces of this island are steep cliffs; on the east side is a sandy bay, and on the west three, with two batteries. On its summit (which is about 300 feet high) are three chimneys intended for night signals. There is a large village on the west side of it.

   Wú-án. To the westward of Wu-seu shán, half a mile, is the island of Wú-án, which is five cables long, it is barren and without inha- bitants. Between the two are three small islets, with reefs lying off them. Shelter from easterly winds, with a depth of from four to six fathoms, might be found here'; but vessels had better not pass to the westward of Wú-séu shán, until more soundings have been obtained; the number of detached reefs in this neighborhood, making it probable that many sunken rocks will be found.

   South from Wi-seu shán Island 1.1 mile; is another half-tide reef, which lies seven cables from the main.

   North 32° E. from Wí-án island, lie two patches which are cover- ed at high water, and between it and the main are several islets and half-tide rocks.

   North 40° W. from Wú-si shán island is Tsing seu ; midway be- tween the two is a cliff islet, (Jihsii,) northwest of which two cables, and S.S.W. one cable; are reefs which are dry at low water.

The entrance to the harbor lies between Tsing seu and a small island north of it, 60 feet high, calleď by the Chinese Chih seu (or Yi sii) The shores of both islands facing the passage are steep to, but one or two rocks lie one cable southerly from Chih seu. Off Chungpat siaou, which is the rocky islet immediately to the northeast of it, lie two half tide rocks, three to four cables' distant, to avoid which, when standing to the eastward, and' within half a mile of Chih seu, keep the west tangent of that island open of the eastern extreme of Wú-seu shán.

N. E. by E. from Chih-seu are four islands; the two nearest Tao-sas

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大小 and Hwángkwa 黄瓜 are rather larger than it, and be-

    tween which there are no passages. Seaotán 、 island is 6 ca- bles long, and about 290 feet high, and has a sandy bay on its northern side; between it and Hwangkwa 'there is a safe chan- nel, which may sometimes be taken with advantage by ships; there- by enabling them to weather the Chauchat without tacking. Between Seaotán and Taetán there is also a safe channel. Vessels cannot enter to the northward of Taetán, for between this island and Amoy there is only 11⁄2 fathoms. On both of these islands there are three chimneys. Taetán is eight cables long, with a sandy isthmus in the centre, and a village on its western shore; the eastern end is about 300 feet high.

From Chihseu (or Yi sii) to the outer harbor off Kúláng seu, the course is N. 38° W., 44 miles, with a depth varying from 7 to 12 fathoms. Between Tsing seu and 'T'aepan Pt. is a deep bay with many rocks and shoals in it, to avoid which vessels should keep Pagoda island or Kí seu open of Taepan Point. Vessels entering Amoy from the northward, to clear the shoal which extends three miles due south, from the western pagoda on Quemoy, and dries at low water spring tides, must keep the southern extreme of Taetan open to the northward of Pagoda island. With these marks on, when the pagoda on Quemoy bears N.N.E., you are clear of the danger or a better mark is, (as Pagoda island may not be seen,) after passing Leeo-Loopoint, to steer to the southward until (Nántái Wúshán or) the high pagoda bears west, when you may steer west without fear until you make Wú-seu shin and the Chauchat. The south end of Amoy is a sandy point, with several rocks extend- ing two cables from the shore. Between this point and the next west of it there is a half tide rock, three cables from the shore. To avoid this, when standing into the coast, a cliff point with a battery, and three chimneys on it, (1.3 ingle from the rock,) will be seen, and also a sandy point with a large stone at its southern extreme, 0.8 of a mile further to the northwest. Tack before these two points come in line with one another. From the south point to the remarkable stone on the beach, the three fathom line extends two cables from the shore. The channel between the island of Kúláng seu and. Amoy is so nar- row that a stranger would not be justified in passing through it until he had anchored, and made himself acquainted with the marks A

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  rock at the entrance of this parrow strait, called Coker's rock, with only four feet water on it at low water spring tides, may be avoided by bringing the centre of Hau seu

猴嶼 island on with remark-

able peak, the highest but one on the land behind it. When the rock off the south tangent of Kúláng seu is in line with Pagoda island, and a pinnacle rock off the eastern extreme of Kúláng seu is in with a remarkable Tree point on that island, you are on it. From this position a vessel should keep as close to the Amoy shore as the junks anchored off it will allow them. The small island off the City point has deep water close to it; between this island and Hau seu (i. e. Monkey island), is the best anchorage for a ship, having a reef that extends from City point in a N.N.W. direction lying to the northward of her. Vessels cannot anchor in the straits without a great risk of losing their anchors, as the bottom is very rocky and uneven. North of the island of Kúláng seu, there is a pinnacle rock which is nearly covered at spring tides, and distant from the shore three cables. The mud dries between this rock and the island. All the points of Kúláng seu have rocks off them; off the southwest extreme there is a half tide rock, 11⁄2 cable from the shore.

The island of Kúláng seu is 1.1 mile long and 0.7 wide, and 2 85 in circumference; there were five batteries on it. The channel be- tween it and Amoy is 675 yards wide in the narrow part: at the entrance, it is 840 yards. The ridge of hills is about 280 feet high, being less elevated than those opposite on the Amoy shore; these hills are granitic, and the geological features of the country primitive. Fresh water is plentiful, and the island before its occupation by the English, was well cultivated. The population may be estimated at between 3000 aud 4000.

   To the westward of Kúláng seu there is a good and safe anchorage in 7 or 8 fathoms. Close to either shore the water is deep, but in the centre there is a bank with from 7 to 9 fathoms on it. Vessels wishing to anchor off the town, should use this passage, and by keep- ing the rocks off the west extreme of Kúláng seu in ilne with a re- markable sharp peak on the south shore of the harbor, until the peaked rock off the north end of Kúláng seu bears to the southward of east, she will avoid the mud bank and rocks running off that is- land, and may choose her berth off the city. The channel round the island of Amoy is so narrow and winding that directions would be useless; the chart is the best guide. Besides the excellent

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shelter that this harbor affords, and it is one of the best on this coast the Chinese have docks for building and repairing their largest junks. The access and egress are easy; in the outer harbor there is good holding ground, and unless vessels are badly found in ground tackle, they will ride out almost any gale. In the inner harbor, capable of containing from 60 to 100 vessels, there is little or no swell, and the houses are built close to the beach. Fresh water and supplies of every description may also be had of the best quality and cheap. The rise and fall of the tide from one day's observation on the full moon in September, was fourteen feet and a half; at this period, however, the night tides exceed the day by two feet. The change in the depth, in all probability, three days after full and change would exceed sixteen feet. This would be of great importance to vessels requiring repair, particularly as sites for docks, and ample materials for making them, are to be found upon the island of Kúláng seu, as well as in other parts of the harbor.

The City of Amoy,

This derives its name from the island on which it is situated; the city stands in latitude 24° 31′07′′ N., and in longitvde 118° 03′ 38′′ E. The following notices werew ritten by one of the missionaries in Amoy.

     Since the war with England, this city has secured some little importance in the estimation of merchants as a place of trade, and of Christians as an opening for the ingress of the gospel into the interior of this part of the Celestial Empire. The public will doubtless, for these reasons, feel some interest in any items of information proceeding from this city. It is the object of the present communica- tion to furnish, if possible, some additional facts to those already known respecting Amoy and the island upon which it is built.

The position of this city gives it many advantages in a commercial point of view. It is conveniently situated for trading with many of the important cities and villages of the Fuhkien province in which it lies. Your readers no doubt know that the city is not built on the main land but on an island of the same name, which is separated from the continent by a chapnel of one or two miles in breadth. The island is about 35 miles in circuit or 10 miles across. It is somewhat circular in form. The southern and western portions are very much broken by a range of granite hills, which extends along the coast, receding at intervals from the sea and leaving small but beautiful

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  plains which are laid out in fields and dotted with villages. The hills themselves are generally too barren and rugged to admit of cultiva- tion-where water, however, can be procured at a sufficient elevation, the sides of these hills are terraced and made to yield some vegetables to the hand of industry. In one or two instances, there are small table-lands lying on the the summit of this range which also have their well ordered farms and contiguous villages. The principal use to which the sides of these rocky hills are appropriated, is to supply burial places for the numerous dead. The city of Amoy is situated on the western side of the island and its population, living and dead, comp- letely covers the hills and vallies in and around the place. So nume- rous are the graves that one can scarcely avoid them in his rambles beyond the suburbs of the city. They protrude their unseemly forms on every side of the path and impart a gloomy aspect to the sur- rounding scenery.

   Leaving the hills and passing to the north and east portions of the island, one finds himself in a beautiful region of country, thickly studded with compact built villages and teeming with human beings. This section of the island is comparatively level and is under com- plete cultivation. It is a great relief to the mind to ramble beyond the limits of the city and its adjacent burial grounds and enter this region where the prospect is scarcely marred by a single monument of mortality. The roads or paths are generally narrow but afford pleasant walking, or riding on horseback.

   The soil of the island is naturally thin and unproductive, except in the small vallies where water is found and where the mould of the higher regions has been collected by mountain torrents. The industry of the Chinese has, however, in some measure overcome the original barrenness of the ground and now secures tolerably good crops. The productions consist chiefly of sweet potatoes, paddy, wheat, sugar- cane, ground-nuts and garden vegetables. The prevailing feature of the island, except where the hand of cultivation is constantly employ- ed, is naked barrenness. The eye searches in vain, except in a few favored spots, for the larger species of the vegetable kingdom. In the villages and around the temples, the comfort and convenience of men, have prompted them to plant and nourish a few shade trees and on the tops of some of the hills a few scattered firs are growing. The island produces no fruits except such as may be found in very limited quantities in private gardens. The markets of the city are abundantly

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supplied with oranges, plantains, pomelos, pears, peaches, and other fruits in their season, but these are all brought from other parts of the province. Even the regions around Fuhchau fú supply in part the fruit markets of Amoy.

The island produces very little animal food. But few domestic animals are raised upon it. The poultry, pork and beef found in the markets, are brought from the main laud. Cultivating the ground and fishing seem to be the principal employments of the village population -some labor as boatinen and sailors.

     The inhabitants of the city are principally engaged in commerce and in manufactures for home consumption. So far as the writer's information extends but few articles for export are manufactured in this place. Perhaps the chief exceptions are shoes and umbrellas. Considerable quantities of these are manufactured here and exported; most other exports come from the neighboring cities and from the in- terior and are here shipped for other ports. There are, probably, three hundred junks of all sizes trading at this port-many of them are the property of Amoy merchants. They trade with the northern and southern ports of China, with the island of Formosa, in the Straits of Singapore and ports in that region. Besides, a daily communica- tion by means of small vessels is kept up with the principal cities which can be reached from Amoy by water, boats go and come loaded with passengers and merchandize. In fact most of the important places on the main-land and far in the interior are dependant upon this place for many articles of consumption which they do not man- ufacture themselves but which they find imported into this city. This creates a large native trade with Amoy and gives it an importance which it could not otherwise command.

Of the population of the island not much can at present be said. The whole island contains probably 350,000 or 400,000 inhabitants. The aggregate of 66 villages with which more or less communication has been has and many of which have been visited, is according to statements received from the natives and confirmed in many cases by personal observation, 40,669. There are 136 villages on the is- land and some of the largest are not included in the preceding estinate. Perhaps 100,000 is as close an approximation to the true number of the village population as can be made under present circumstances. The city and suburbs, at the lowest computation, contain 250,000; some say 300,009, inhabitants. This makes the whole population of the island, as before stated, 350,000, or 400,000-

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This is a large number of human beings to be crowded into so limited a space, and one would infer from such statistics that the prosperity of trade and minufactures must be great to allure together and support so many persons in so small a compass. How far this prosperity really extends, the writer has not facts sufficient upon which to found any statement beyond what has already been said above, except that the majority of the population does not exhibit any external evidences of being in prosperous circumstances. Many complain of oppressive taxes. To one wholly ignorant of the chara- cter of this people and passing through this island, the inference from what he would see, would be that the place is on the retrograde-or at least stationary. True, he would see the fields in a high state of cultivation and many residences possessing comfort and plenty within --but he wonld also see a far greater number of wretched dwellings and neglected temples and a vast amount of squalledness. These things would indicate anything but general prosperity. The demand for laborers is fully supplied and much more than supplied, conse- quently the fields will be well cultivated and the wealthy will occupy fair dwellings, but for the laborers themselves all is pressing necessity or pinching poverty. A few are enriched by commerce and abound in plenty; the mass live as they can, consuming to day the little they have earned and compelled to permit the morrow to care for the things of itself.

!

NOTICES OF CANTON.

Situation if the city &c.

""

   ON native maps the name of this city is written Kwángtung sáng ching," chief city of the province of Kwangtung: " but when spea- king of the city, the natives usually call it sang ching, "the provincial city," or "the capital of the province." The city is built on the north bank of the Chú kiáng, or Pearl river; it stands inland about sixty miles from the "

           great sea From Hómun, (the Bogue or Bocca Tigris,) which the Chinese consider as the mouth of this river and the entrance to their inner waters, the merchantman, pursu- ing the best track, sails a few points to the west of north, until she arrives near the "first bar ;" thence her course is almost due west to the anchorage at Whampoa. From that place, after leaving the ship, you continue on without changing your course, and passing by the city close on your right, you soon reach the Foreign Factories These are situated a short distance from the southwest corner of the city, in 23° 7′ 10′′ N. lat., and 113° 14′ 30′′ E. of Greenwich, and about 3° 30′ W. of Peking. Of the factories soine account will be

given in the sequel.

    The scenery around the city in the adjacent country is rich and diversified, but does not present any thing bold or grand. On the north and northeast of the city, the country is hilly and mountain- ous. In every other direction a wide prospect opens before you. The rivers and channels, which are very numerous, abound with fish, and are covered with a great variety of boats, which are continually pass- ing to and from the neighboring towns and villages. Southward from the city, as far as the eye can see, the waters cover a considera- ble portion, perhaps one eighth, of the whole surface. Rice-fields and gardens occupy the low lands, with only here and there a few little hills and small groves of trees rising up to diversify the other wise unbroken surface. The city itself-including all both within and without the walls-is not of very great extent; and though very populous, derives its chief importance from its extensive domestic and foreign trade.

The city of Canton is one of the oldest cities in this part of the empire; and, since its foundations were first laid, has undergone numerous changes. It is not easy, and perhaps not possible, to determine its original site and name, or to ascertain the time in which it was first built.

But although it is not important to decide either of these questions, it may be interesting to the reader to have a brief account of what the Chinese themselves narrate, respecting one of their largest and most populous and wealthy cities. * * * *

    The historians of Canton are able to trace the origin of this city to the time of Nánwáng, one of the last emperors of the Chau dynasty, who reigned 2000 years ago. The city, which was then called nán wú ching, "the matial city of the south," was surrounded by nothing more than a kind of stockade, composed of bamboos and mud; and perhaps was not very much unlike some of the modern " strong holds " of the Malays. It was at first of narrow dimensions, but was after- wards enlarged; and seems to have been more than once removed from one place to another; and at different times, like the country itself, it has been called by different names, which it received either from its situation or from some passing occurrence. One of its earliest names, and one which is still used in books, was yáng ching, "the city of rams." This designation was obtained from the following occurrence": Five genii, clothed with garments of five different col- ors, and riding on rams of five different colors, met at the capital; each of the rams bore in his mouth a stalk of grain having six ears, and presented them to the people of the district, to whom the genii thus spake:

Yuen ts2 Toán hoái, vùng với hoằng kí;

May famine and dearth never visit your markets.

   Having uttered these words, they immediately disappeared, and the rams were changed into stone. From this same occurrence, the city is also called " the city of genii," and " the city of grain;" and one of their temples is named "the temple of the five genii." This temple stands near one of the gates of the city which is called "the gate of the five genii ;" and in it the five stone rams are to be seen to this day. There are many other legends interwoven with the his- tory of the city, but we need not stop here to narrate them. ***

That part of the city which is surrounded by a wall is built nearly in the form of a square, and is divided, by a wall running from east to west, into parts. The northern, which is much the largest part, is called the old city; the southern part is called the new city Accord-

83

ing to some foreign as well as native books, the northern part was once "composed, as it were, of three different towns, separated by very high walls, but so conjoined, that the same gate served to go out from the one and enter the other." These divisions ceased long ago to exist. The new city was built at a much later period than the old. The entire circuit of the wall, which now includes both divisions of the city, is variously estimated by the Chinese. At a quick step we have walked the whole distance in little less than two hours, and think it cannot exceed six English miles. On the south side the wall runs nearly due east and west, parallel to the river, and distant from it perhaps fifteen or twenty rods. On the north, where the city "rests on the brow of a hill," the wall takes a serpentine course; and its base, at the highest point on the hill, is perhaps 200 or 300 feet above the surface of the river.

The walls are composed partly of stone and partly of bricks: the former is chiefly coarse, and forms the foundation and the lower part of the walls, and the arches of the gates: the latter are small and of a soft texture. In several places, particularly along the east side of the city, the elements have made such inroads on the walls as to afford satisfactory evidence, that before the prowess of a modern foe they would present but a feeble resistance. They rise nearly perpendicularly, and vary in height from twenty-five to thirty-five or forty feet. In thickness they are twenty or twenty-five feet. They are the highest and the most substantial on the north side, evidently so built because in that direction hostile bands would be the most likely to make an attack. A line of battlements, at in. tervals of a few feet, are raised on the top of the walls round the whole city; these the Chinese call ching-jin, literally, city-men; and in the rear of them there is a broad pathway. There are two "wings," or short walls, one at the southeast, and the other at the southwest corner, which stretch out from the main walls; these were designed to block up the narrow space between the walls and the ditches of the city. Through each of these there is a gate, in every respect similar to those of the city itself.

The gates of the city are sixteen in number : four of these lead through the wall which separates the old from the new city; so that there are only twelve outer gates. Cnnencing on the north and passing round to the west, south, and east, the following are the names of these twelve gates.

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Chingpeh mun : this is the principal gate of the north; before it, is a small semicircular space surrounded by a wall similar to that of the city; it forms the entrance for governmental officers and the bea- rers of public dispatches, when arriving from Peking by land; officers most commonly come to Canton in boats, in which case they usually make their entrance at one of the southern gates.

Ching sí mun : this is the only gate on the west which leads to the old city; for a Chinese city this gate is very broad and high, perhaps about fifteen feet in width and twelve in height.

    Táping mun: this is the only entrance into the new city on the west; it is similar to the other western gate, but not so large.

    Chuhlán mun: this is a small gate, and the first one you find after passing rouud the southwest corner of the city; it is the nearest gate to the foreign factories.

Yülán mun; this is near the Chuhlán gate, and like it seems de- signed chiefly for the conveyance of heavy merchandise into the city. Tsinghái mun : this perhaps was intended to be the water gate, as both its situation and name seem to indicate.

    Wúsien mun is "the gate of the five genii," and has nothing re- markable except its name.

    Yungtsing mun: there is nothing around this "gate of eternal purity" that can indicate such a name, but very much to suggest an opposite one; it is moreover the gate which leads to the field of blood-the place where criminals are publicly decapitated.

Siáunán mun : this "small southern gate" is the sixth and last on the south of the city.

   Yungan mun this" gate of eternal rest" leads into the new city on the east, and corresponds in every respect with the Taiping gate on the west.

Chingtung mun this is the only gate on the east which leads into the old city, and it corresponds with the Chingsí mun on the west, to which it stands directly opposite.

    Siáupch mun: this "little northern gate" forms a convenient en- rtance for bringing in water and provisions, and also building mate- rials, to supply the northern part of the city.

Having now gone round the city we pass to the inner gates. Kweitch mun. Reckoning from the west, this is the first gate in the wall which separates the old from the new city. southern gate," is the second. Wanming mux : is the third: and·

Táinán mun,

"the great

   Tinghái mun is the fourth gate. Of these sixteen, the 1st, 2d, 3d 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, and 13th, as we have numbered them above, be- long to the district of Nánhái, and the other eight belong to that of Pwányii. A few soldiers are stationed at each of the gates, to watch them by day, and to close and guard them by night. They are shut at an early hour in the evening, and opened at dawn of day. Except on special occasions, no one is allowed to pass in or out during the nightwatches; but a small fee will usually open the way, yet always exposes the keepers to punishment.

     We must now extend our description, so as to include the suburbs, the streets and buildings of which differ very little, if at all, from those within the walls. On the west they spread out nearly in the from of an isosceles triangle, opening to the northwest, having the river on the south, and the western wall of the city on the east, for its two equal sides. On the south they occupy the whole space be- tween the wall and the river. On the east they are much less ex- tensive than on the west. There are no buildings on the north, ex- cept a few small huts near the principal gate. Taken collectively, the suburbs are scarcely less extensive or less populous than the part of the city within the walls. ***

In the buildings of Canton, we have doubtless as great a variety of structure and style, and as fair speimens of Chinese taste and art, as can be found in the whole empire. A large part of the city and suburbs is built on low ground or flats. Special care, therefore, is requisite in order to secure for houses and temples a solid basis. Near the river, and in all the most loose or muddy situations, houses are raised on wooden piles, which make their foundations nearly as secure as brick or stone could make them. In some cases the piles rise above the surface of the ground, and then the buildings, con- structed of wood, rest directly on them: but in other instances the piles reach only within a few feet of the surface, and the remaining part of the foundation is made of mud, brick, or stone. When this is done, the walls of the houses are usually carried up and completed with the same materials. Not a few of the houses are entirely bas- eless, or have only a slender foundation of mud, of which also their walls are composed; and hence in severe rain-storms and overflow- ings of the river, such as frequently happen, many of the walls are prostrated.

Very few of the houses or temples of Canton have more than one

86

   story, the halls of which are usually of the whole height of the fabric, without any concealment of the beams or rafters of the roof. On this account, the beams are often carved, and, as well as the rafters and tiles, painted. The tiles are sometimes glazed with a colored varnish. Terraces are often built above the roofs: and, when sur- rounded by a breast-work, afford in the cool of the day a pleasant and secure retreat, where people can ascend to enjoy a purer air, to secure a wider prospect, or to witness any event that transpires in the neighborhood. These terraces are not, perhaps, very unlike the flat roofs of other orientals. In some other points, also, there is a coincidence between the houses of the Chinese and those which are noticed in sacred literature.

Temple of Honám.

    This was originally a private garden; but afterwards, several hundred -years ago, a priest, named Chíyueh, built up an establishment, which he called "the temple of ten thousand autumns," and dedicated it to Budha. It remained an obscure place, however, until about a. d. 1600, when a priest of eminent devotion, with his pupil Ahtsz', together with a concurrence of extraordinary circumstances, raised it to its present magnificence. In the reign of Kánghí,and as late ¡as a. D. 1700, the province of Canton was not fully subjugated ; and a son-in-law of the emperor, was sent hither to bring the whole country under his father's sway. This he accomplished, received the title of pingnán wáng, "king of the subjugated-south," and took up his head quarters in the temple of Honám. There were then thirteen villages on the island, which he had orders to exterminate for their opposition to the imperial forces. "Just before carrying into effect this order, the king Pingnán, a blood-thirsty man, cast his eyes on Ahtsz', a fat happy priest, and remarked, that if he lived on vegetable diet, he could not be so fat; he must be a hypocrite, and should be punished with death. He drew his sword to execute with his own hand the sentence; but his arm suddenly stiffened, and he was stopped from his purpose. That night a divine person appear- ed to him in a dream, and assured him, that Ahtsz' was a holy man, adding "you must not nnjustly kill him." Next morning the king presented himself before Ahtsz', confessed his crime, and his arm was immediately restored. He then did obeisance to the priest, and took him for his tutor and guide; and morning and evening, the king waited on the priest as his servant.

$

    "The inhabitants of the thirteen villages now heard of this miracle and solicited the priest to intercede in their behalf, that they might be rescued from the sentence of extermination. The priest interced- ed, and the king listened, answering thus: "I have received an imperial order to exterminate these rebels; but since you, my master, say they now submit, be it so; I must, however, send the troops round to the several villages, before I can report to the emperor ; I will do this, and then beg that they may be spared.' The king ful- filled his promise, and villages were saved. Their gratitude to the priest was unbounded; and estates, and incense, and money, were poured in upon him. The king also, persuaded his officers to make donations to the temple, and it became affluent from that day.

    "The temple had then no hall to celestial kings; and at the outer gate there was a pool belonging to a rich man who refused to sell it, although Ahtsz' offered him a large compensation. The king, con- versing with the priest one day, said, 'this temple is deficient, for it has no hall for the celestiel kings;' the priest replied, a terrestrial king, please your highness, is the proper person' to rear a pavilion to the celestial kings.' The king took the hint, and seized on the pool of the rich man, who was now very glad to present it without any compensation; and he gave command, moreover, that a pavilion should be completed in fifteen days; but at the priest's intercession, the workmen were allowed one' month to finish it; and by laboring diligently night and day, they accomplished it in that time."

.

    Such is the history of the temple of Honam, the largest and best endowed religious establishment in Canton.-Honam' is an island. and is situated, as its name denotes, (literally translated,) "south of the river;' but the village, which fo a considerable distance lines the bank of the Chúkíáng directly opposite to the city, may be con- sidered as forming a part of its southern suburbs. As the family residences of several principal Chinese merchants, and the open fields lying beyond the village, together with the attractions of the "jos-house," make Honam a place of frequent resort for stangers who visit Canton, some further particulars concerning the present! extent and condition of the temple, may be acceptable.

acres.

Its buildings, which are chiefly of brick, are numerous, and oc- cupy, with the gardens belonging to the temple, six or eight English The grounds are surrounded by a high wall. Crossing the river a few rods east of the foreign factories, directly after landing you enter the outer gate, pass through a long courtyard to a second,

  called 'the hill gate,' over which Háichwáng, the name of the tem- ple, is written in large capitals. Here, as you stand in the gateway, you see two colossal figuras-images of deified warrions, stationed the one on your right, the other on your left, to guard, day and night, the entrance to the inner courts. Passing further on, through another court, you enter "the palace of the four great celestial kings "-images of ancient heroes. Still advancing, a broad path- way conducts you up to the great, powerful palace. Procul O procul este profani! You are now in the presence of "the three precious Budhas," three stately images representing the past, the present, and the future, Budha. The hall, in which these images are placed, is about one hundred feet square,and contains numerous altars, statues, &c., it is occupied by the priests while celebrating their daily vespers, usually at about 5 o'clock P. M. onward, there are other halls, filled with other images, among which that of the goddess of mercy' is the moste worthy of notice.

6

Further

   On the right side, after you have entered the temple, there is a long line of apartments, one of which is used for a printing office; and others are formed into narrow cells for the priests; or into stalls and pens for pigs, fowls, &c. These animals are brought to the temple by devout devotees, when they come to make or pay vows to the beings who inhabit the temple. On the left side, there is another set of apartments-a pavilion for Kwán fútsz', a military demigod; a hall for the reception of visitors; a treasury; retreat for ti-tsáng wáng, 'the king of hades;' the chief priest's room; a dining hall; and a kitchen. Beyond these, there is a spacious garden, at the extremity of which there is a mausoleum, wherein the ashes of the burnt priests are, onee a year, deposited; also a furnace for burn. ing their dead bodies, and a little cell in which the jars containing their ashes are kept, till the annual season of opening the mausoleum returns. There are likewise tombs for the bodies of those who leave money for their burial. There are about 175 priests now in temple. They are supported in part by property belonging to the establishment, and partly by their private resources. Only a few, and a very few, of them are wel educated. * * *

<

   The only two pagodas in this city, are the Hwátáh or adorned pagoda,' so called in contradistinction to the second, the Kwangtáh "unadorned pagoda.' They both stand near the west gate of the old city; and, when approaching Canton from the east, they are the first objects that arrest the attention of the traveler. The geomancers

89

say, the whole city is like a great junk: the two pagodas are her masts, the five story house (which rises on the hill close by the northern wall,) her stern-sheets! The Hwátáh was built more than thirteen hundred years ago; it has nine stories, is octagonal, and 170 feet in height. The Kwángtáh was built in the time of the Táng dynasty, which closed a. d. 906. It is broad at the base, and slen- der towards the top. Its height is 160 feet. Anciently it was sur- mounted by 'a golden cock, which turned every way, with the wind; but that was broken down and carried off to the capital, and its place afterwards supplied by a wooden one, which long since disappeared. Trades of Canton.

·

The manufactories and trades of Canton are numerous. There is no machinery, properly so called, and consequently there are no ex- tensive manufacturing establishments, similar to those which, in modern times and under the power of machinery, have grown up in Europe. The Chinese know nothing of the economy of time.-Much of the manufacturing business required to supply the commercial houses of Canton is performed at Fuhshán, a large town situated a few miles westward; still the number of hands employed and the amount of labor performed here, are by no means inconsiderable. There are annually about seventeen thousand persons, men, women, and children, engaged in weaving silk; their looms are simple, and their work is generally executed with neatness. The number of persons engaged in manufacturing cloth of all kinds, is about 50,000; when there is a pressing demand for work, the number of laborers is considerably increased; they occupy about 2,500 shops, averaging usually twenty in each shop. We have heard it said, that some of the Chinese females, who devote their time to embroidering the choicest of their fabrics, secure a profit of twenty, and sometimes even twenty-five dollars per month. The shoemakers are also numerous, and they support an extensive trade: the number of work- men is about 4,200. Those likewise who work in wood, brass, iron, stone, and various other materials, are numerous; and those who engage in each of these respective occupations form, to a cer- tain degree, a separate community, and have each their own laws and rules for the regulation of their business. The book trade of Canton is important; but we have not been able to obtain particulars concerning its extent.

     The barbers of Canton form a separate department, and no one is allowed to discharge the duties of tonsor until he has obtained a

90

license. According to their records, the number of the fraternity in Canton, at the present time, is 7,300.

    There is another body of men here, which we must not pass over in silence, but which we know not how to designate or to describe; we refer to the medical community. That these men command high respect and esteem whenever they show themselves skillful in their profession, there can be no doubt; it is generally admitted also, that indivduals do now and then by long experience and observation become able practitioners: but as a community they are anything, rather than masters of the healing art.' They are very numerous, amounting, probably, to not less than two thousand.

No inconsiderable part of the multitude which composes the po- pulation of Canton live in boats. There are officers appointed by government to regulate and control this portion of the inhabitants of the city. Every boat, of all the various sizes and descriptions which are seen here, is registered; and it appears that the whole number, on the river adjacent the city, is eighty-four thousand. A very large majority of these are tán-kiú (egg-house) boats; these are generally not more than twelve or fifteen feet long, about six broad, and so low that a person can scarcely stand up in them; their covering, which is made of bamboo, is very light and can be easily adjusted to the state of the weather. Whole families live in these boats; and coops lashed on the outside of them, they often rear large broods of ducks and chickens, designed to supply the city markets. Pas- sage-boats, which daily move to and from the neighboring villages and hamlets; ferry-boats, which are constantly crossing and re-cross. ing the river; huge canal-boats, laden with produce from the coun- try; cruises; pleasure-boats, &c., complete the list of these floating habitations, and present to the stranger a very interesting scene.

in

Population of Canton.

    The population of Canton is a difficult subject, about which there has been considerable diversity of opinion. The division of the city, which brings a part of it in Nánhái and a part in Fwányü, precludes the possibility of ascertaining the exact number of inhabitants. The facts which we have brought into view in the preceding pages, perhaps, will afford the data for making an accurate estimate of the population of the city. There are, we have already seen. 50,000 persons engaged in the manufacture of efosir, 7,300 barbers, and 4,200 shoemakers; but these three occupations employing 61,500

91

¡ndividuals, do not probably include more than one fourth part of the craftsmen of the city; allowing this to be the fact, the whole num- ber of mechanics will amount to 246,000. These we suppose are a fourth part of the whole population, exclusive of those who live on the river. In each of the 84,000 boats there are not, on an average, less than three individuals, making a total of 252,000. If now to these we add four times 246,000 (which is the number of me- chanics) we have a total of 1,236,000 as the probable number of inhabitants of Canton. This number may be far from the truth; no one, however, who has had opportunity of visiting the city, of passing through its streets, and viewing the multitudes that throng them, will think of its being much less than 1,000,000.

It only remains now in conclusion, to remark briefly concerning the influence which Canton is exerting on the character and destinies of this nation. Intelligent natives admit that more luxury and dis- sipation and crime exist here, than in any other part of the empire; at the same time, tbey maintain that more enterprise, more enlarged views, and more general information, prevail among the higher classes of the inhabitants of Canton, than are found in most of their other large cities: these bad qualities are the result of a thrifty com- merce acting on those who are not guided by high moral principles; the good, which exist in a very limited degree, result from an intercourse with 'distant barbarians.' The contempt and hatred which the Chinese authorities have often exhibited towards foreign- ers, and the indifference and disdain with which the nation general- ly has looked down upon everything not their own, ought to be strongly reprobated; on the other hand, the feelings which foreigners have often cherished and the disposition and conduct which they have too frequently manifested towards this people, are such as should never have existed; still, notwithstanding all these disadvanTM tages, we think that the intercourse between the inhabitants of the western world and the Chinese has been beneficial to the latter. Hitherto this intercourse has been purely commercial; and science, literature, and all friendly and social offices, have been disregard- ed; but men are beginning to feel that they have moral obligat- ions to discharge, and that they are bound by most sacred ties to interest themselves in the mental improvement of their fellowmen.

[N. B. The foregoing Notices of Canton were first written for the Chinese Repository, in which a more extended account has been given of the provincial city.]

THE THIRTEEN FACTORES,

or

十三行 Shih sán hûng.

The accompanying diagram will afford those who have not visited Canton, some idea of the position and plan of the "Thirteen Fac- tories," Shih sán háng (or shap sám hong). By a reference to the XIV volume of the Chinese Repositoy, the manner of numbering them, so as to make out "thirteen," will be seen. The two gardens are a part of the premises assigned to foreigners, and though very small are their only safe promenades, no house having one of its own. The Creek, on the east of the factories-separates them from several of the large ware-houses of the old hong-merchants, and runs north parallel with the western wall of the city. The Thirteen-factory street, running east and west on the north of the factories, is a great thorough-fare eastward, after passing over the Creek, it leads on to Carpenters' Square, aud to the city gates and the Imperial landing place in front of the city. There are two small custom-house stations within the lines of the factories, one at the mouth of the Creek, and one at the end of Hog Lane, on the corner of the western Garden : also a police station in Old China street, near the American factory. Beyond Lwán-hing street and the Thirteen-factory street on the west and north, for miles are densely populated suburbs. On the west side of Hog Lane and on both sides of Old and New China streets are lines of Chinese shops. The north ends of several of the factories, (indeed of all excepting the New English) are also occupied by Chinese shops, the foreigners, however, having narrow passages through them into the street. The Copsoo-house is stiuated on the north side of the Thirteen-factory street, at the head of Old China Street, and has recently been made a military station, for a Chinese guard stationed there for the better protection of the factories.

Thirteen Factory Street.

Landing

New house.

Landing.

Landing.

South of the Factories.

The Chu-kiáng, or Pearl River,

93

Western suburbs.

Lwán hing street.

shops

Danish st., south side

New

hongs.

Mingqua's new hong.

Old China St, south

Garden.

Landing.

Garden.

Danish hong, north side.

New China Street.

Spanish hong.

French bong.

Mingkwa's hong.

Creek,

Old China St.

American hong. Paushun hong.

Imperial or Ma-ying. Swedish or Sui hong.

Old English.

Chowchow.

Hog Lane.

New English Factories.

Hong-merchants' packhouses.

ANCHORAGE AT WHAMPOA,

This is about ten miles east from the Factories, and is the place where all foreign vessels, excepting small schooners, anchor, dis- charge and receive their cargoes. The town of Whampoa is on a strip of land between two branches of the river just above the an chorage westward. On the south of the anchorage are, to the west- ward, French Island, and Danes Island to the east of the former.

NOTICES OF HONGKONG.

  ACCORDING to the terms laid down in the Royal Charter, the island of Hongkong and its dependencies are situated detween lat. 22° 9′ and 22° 21′ N., and in long 114° 18′ east from the meridian of Greenwich. The island formerly belonged to

                           Sin'án hien, the district of Sin'án, or Sanon. It lies opposite to Kiú-lung or Kaulung, on the main, the extreme southern point of which is

Tsien-shá tsui, or Tsimshá tsui. The name Hiáng-kiáng or HONGKONG" Fragrant Streams," is the proper name of one of the small streams on the south side of the island, and by foreigners has been given to the whole island. Its waters have been surveyed by sir Edward Belcher, and a chart drawn delineating the exact shape of the entire coast. Were the neck of land that lies south of Chikchü cut off and transferred to the bay of Táitám, so as to fill it up, the shape of the island would then be like a right-angled triangle, the right angle being at the northeast; the northern and eastern sides of the island, the one eight miles and the other five, would form the base and perpendicular of the triangle; and a third line, stretching from the northwest to the southeast, would make the hypotenuse. The sailing distance round the island is twenty-six and eighty-five hundredths (26%) miles; but if one should follow the line of coast, the distance would be increased one third or one half. The longest line from the northwest to the south- east is nine miles. The whole of the island consists of hills and ridges, intersected by many valleys and dells, abounding with springs and rivulets of excellent water.

   The following are the principal places known to the Chinese, on and near the island. We give their own characters, and the sounds in both the common language and in the Canton Dialect.

1. TỆ HÀ H Ngáng tau Sháng 2. 上海

Sháng Wan,

Ngáng-táu sháng Sheung toán,

95

Chung Wan,

 3. 中戀 4. 下1

Hiá Wán,

5. ##✯ Kiun-tái Lú,

6. Từ 12 t Hwáng-ní Chung,

7.

8.

9.1

Sau-kán Pú,

Tang-lung Chan,

Chung tín. Hà ván.

Koan túi lú.

Wong-nai chung. Sò-kón pú.

Tang-lung chau.

Hung-hiáng Lú,

Hung-heung lú.

Kai-cháp mún.

Shau-ki wún.

10. 鷄閘門 Ki-cháh Mun,

11. TÊN HỆ Hà Shau-ki Wán,

12. 柴灣

13.

Chái-Wáng

Li-yü Mun,

14. ĐT và fêu Táláng Kioh,

16. ĐT YÊU phố Tá-láng Wán,

Si Wán,

Shi'áu,

18. Hk i Sán-shi Wán,

石灣

16. 細灋

17. 石澳

19. 雙箸

PH

22. 大潭

28.

24. 赤柱

Shwáng Chú,

20. 22 % | Shwáng chú Mum,

21. 大潭頭 Ta-tán Táu,

Tá-tán,

Lán-chái Kióh',

Chi Chú

25. A là là Chung-bán Kính,

26. Tsien-shúi Wán,

27. 28. 香港 Háng Kiáng, 29. đã họ đã Shi-pới Wán,

A l Shin-shúi Wán,

30. Tá-shú Wán,

31. 馬料河 Mà liáu Ho, 32. An Tá-kau Wán,

33. Kang-shán Tau,

Chúi ván.

Lyù mù. Tú-long kók. Tâ-lóng ván.

Sai sán.

Shik d.

Sán-shik mán.

Shéang chủ.

Shung chữ múa.

Tái-tán tàu,

Tái-tan.

Làn chải koh.

Chik chữ.

Chung-hóm kok.

Tsim-shui wán.

Chan shui vàn.

Heung-kong. Shik pải toán, Túi shū tần,

Má-liú hó.

Tui hau sán, Kang-shán barr.

96

34. 義律灣 i-liu Wán, 25. # G M Sin-án Hien,

26.Tsien-shá Tsúi,

Kiú-lung Sín,

38. 堂 Nán Táng,

37. 九

39. 螺洲

Lê Chau.

40. 孖崗

Má Káng,

41. 青洲

Tsing Chau,

42. Tổ Ê H Hoá-gáh lá,

43. L. ly H Sháng-gáh Lí,

Tsing Chau,

44. 青洲

45. 達茅

Mẫu Táh,

46.

Hwang-chu Kióh,

47. 石牌灣 Shi-pai Wán,

48. Yuen-kioh Tau,

49. 深灣

Shin Wán,

50. 圓角

Yuen-kich,

TE

52. A D

* Dê Tái-wán

Tái wán Tí,

51. Nán-yáh Wí,

53. 蒲蘆嘴 Pá-lú Tsúi,

54. Yung-shú Wán,

55.

56.

乘姑

Pe-kióh Tau,

Se-kú Wán,

57. 校椅洲 Kiáu-i Chau,

Í-lut wán; Elliots Buy

San-ón ün.

Tsim-shá tsui.

Kau-lung sun. Nám tóng.

Lo chau.

Má kóng.

Tsing chau.

Há-áp lí.

Sháng-áp lí. Msing chan. Mau tát.

Wong-chuk kóh.

Shik-pay toán. Yún-kók tau.

Sham toán.

Yáu kók.

Nám-ú mí.

Tái-ván tại

Pò-lú tsui. Yung-shū toán.

Pak-kok wán.

Sak-kú wán.

Khu chau

Table of distances around the island of Hongkong.

From No. 57 to No. 8 Green island (Kiau-i cháu) to Kellet's

Island (Tanglung chau), is -

4.0 miles

""

1.7

1.4 "

8 to 11

19

14 to 13

13 to 17

"

Shauki wan Líyü mun Shi-áu

17 to 18 19 to 19

Súushi wán

""

1.9 2.0

""

Shwáng chú

1.6

""

07

19 to 23

Lánchai kioh

1.6

10

23 to 49

Shin wán

2.1

"

"

49 to 42

Hiyah lí

1.6

42 to 30

Tashú wán

2.1

"

30 to 57

Green island

2.4

23.4 miles

·

The above are geographical miles of 2035 yards each; the island therefore is 26.85 English miles in circumference.

     On the northern shore of Hongkong, about midway between the extreme eastern and western points of the island, close to the beach upon the western side of Wangnai Chung, and within a stone's cast of the house of the Morrison Education Society, there is a hillock, the position of which, as carefully ascertained by sir Edward Bel- cher, is in 22° 16′ 30′′ N. lat., and 114° 08′ 30" E. long. This point, therefore, for all general purposes, may be considered as giving us the true position of Hongkong.

     The little map on the following page, printed from a rude block cut by a Chinese, shows the exact shape of the island, which some- what resembles a right angled triangle, the northeastern point of the island being the right angle. Starting from the headlaud near the islet off the northwest point of Mount Kellett; thence going on through the village of little Hongkong, touching the headland of Deep-water Bay, and leaving Shallow water Bay and Chekchú close on your right, you will pass near the centre of Tytam harbor, and reach the extreme southeast point of the island. This is the longest right line that can be drawn in Hongkong, and is about nine miles in length. The longest line, that can be drawn due east and west will not exceed eight miles; and from north to south it would be about five miles. The shortest sailing distance round the island is twenty-six miles and eighty-five hundredths. The islet before alluded to, off the northwest of Hongkong, is Green island. North of Green island is the entrance from the river of Canton, through Kap- shúi Mun, or Swift-water Passage. The point of land, north of the harbor of Victoria, is the extreine of Kaulung, called by the Chi- nese Tsien sha tsui. Still to the eastward there is seen, on the little map, another point of land. The passage between it and Hong- kong ́is the Li-yii (Lyee) Mun. Thence you pass round the south- eastern point of the island into Tytam Bay, at the head of which is the village of the same name. Sailing round the next point, called

harbor

VICTORIA.

HONG-KONG,

Shek-Paiwán

MAP

OF

HONGKONG.

Chek Chu

کرنا

Tytam promontory, and steering a course due northwest, between the Lamma and Hongkong, you will enter the harbor of Victoria near Green island.

     The surface of Hongkong is exceedingly uneven, rising into nume- rous ridges and peaks, and having only a few narrow patches of level and arable land. The highest peak, called "Victoria," does not exceed two thousand feet. In the deep ravines, there are streams of excellent and never failing water. Nanies have been given, on Bel- cher's chart to several peaks, and their heights indicated. Thus "Victoria, or "Possession peak," is 1825 feet; "High West," is 1774 feet; "Mount Gough," 1575; "Mount Kellett," 1131; "Mount Parker," 1711; "Pottinger peak," 1016 feet.

     In the vallies and on the hill sides, iu many places, you may find a deep rich soil, and a luxuriant covering of tall coarse grass. Forest and fruit trees appear only here and there. If planted they would no doubt grow plentifully. Previouly to 1841, nearly every patch of arable ground was cultivated, yielding rich crops of rice, peas, beans, sweet potatoes,

&c.

Trap, granite, and hornblend, are the principle rocks. The first named seems to be the most plentiful. Much of the granite is found in large round masses, and is procured in great abundance for build, ing. Much of the soil along the ridges is mere disintegrated rock, and in some places the strata of new earth are as distinctly seen as they could have been ween solid rock.

Victoria, the capital of the colony and the seat of the government, has as get little more than the outlines of a city. Its length from east to west is nearly three miles. It has been proposed to divide it into three districts-Central, Eastern, and Western.

     For further particulars the reader is referred to the Chinese Re poitory vol. XIV. p. 293, &c., vol. XV. p. 135, and to the Hong- kong Almanack and Directory.

    The population of Hongkong in 1841 was 7,450; at the end of 1845 it was estimated to be 13,330; and at the present time, end of 1846, it may be 15,000 or even more.

NOTICES OF MACAO.

Topographical description, &c.

Macao is situated 22d deg. 11 min. 30 sec. north latitude, and 113 deg. 32 min. 30 sec. east of Greenwich, on a rocky peninsula renowned, long before the Portuguese settled on it, for its safe harbor; then by foreign writers denominated Ama-ngo, port of Ama, in reference to an idol temple near the Bar Fort, the goddess of which is called Ama. In 1583 the Portuguese gave it the name

"Porto de nome de Deos," and "Porto de Amacao," the etymology of Ma- cao: later it was also called "Cidade do nome de Deos do porto de Macao," at present it is "Cidade do santo nom de Deos de Macao." The mandarins, I am told, designate the name of the port by the characters Gaou-mun, and that of the city by Gaou-king: Aou-mun is a provincial pronunciation of Gaou-mun. This hilly settlement is dependent on the Hiáng-shán hien, a city of the third class, in the province of Kwang-tung, but separated from the large island, Hiảng- shán, by a wall drawn across the neck of land from shore to shore. Two principal ranges of hills, one runing from south to north, the other from east to west, may be considered as forming an angle, the base of which leans upon the river or anchoring place. Its level ground, with the exception of a few habitations of European architecture, is filled by the Bazar, and a great many Chinese shops for tradesmen and mechanics: the traveller's attention is roused by a variety of public and private buildings, raised on the declivities, skirts and heights of hillocks. On the lofty monnt eastward, called Charil, is a fort, enclosing the hermitage of Na. Sra. da Guia; westward is Nil- lau, on the top of which stands the hermitage of Na. Sra. da Penha; entering a wide semi-circular bay, which faces the east, on the right hand, we have the Fort St. Francis; on the left, that of Na. Sra. de Bomparto: and before us, on landing, a broad, airy, spacious quay- "Praya Grande," and many pretty houses, among which is the residence of the Governor, and that of the Minister. To the east of the town is a field, Campo," which stretches itself out to the very bound try wall, that closes the prison of Macao. The territory is scarely eight miles in circuit. Its greatest length from north-east to south-west, being under three miles, and its breadidh less than a The Portuguese estimate the Peninsula at a little more than

mile.

1@

101

a league in length; its mid-breath at less than a single mile. The first geometrical delineation of Macao was undertaken and executed by Manoël de Agote, chief factor of the royal Spanish Phillippine Company in China, and Mr. de Guignes, the younger. You will find Agote's map inserted in the collection of drawings, appertaining to the "Account of the Embassy of Lord Macartney to China," and that of de Guignes in his "Voyage á Peking." In 1808, by com- mand of the supreme government, a map was made by Joaquim Bento de Foncéica. The peninsula is nearly surrounded by sheets of water, subject to the influence of ebb and flood from the gulf of China. The regular monsoonwinds, the streams of salubrious water, bursting out at the foot of Charil and Nillau, and the benefit of a well stocked bazar, render Macao wholesome and comfortable, though now and then-but seldom-it is shaken by the convulsive motions of earthquakes; it is oftener visited by dreadful typhoons, a species of hurricanes.

Chinese chronologists have noted down, that in the 30th year of the reign of Kiá-tsing, [1535] one foreign vessel appeared, and in [1537] another on the coast of the gulf of China. The merchants required and obtained permission to land and to raise a few huts for temporary shelter, and the drying of goods, which had been damaged on board the ships. That this accommodation was granted between 1522, when the Portuguese were driven from San-shan, and the time taken up for negociating a reconciliation, is by no means un- likely. During the lapse of eighteen or twenty years, [1537,1557] the Chinese and the Portuguese met again, it seems, for trade, either at Tamáo or Lampacáo. In 1557 the parties concurred at Macao, ber cause the mandarins permitted strangers to fix themselves on a desert island, then known by the denomination of Amangao. Such is the statement Fernaõ Mendes Pinto has given us, in his peregrinations or voyages. This assertion is not contradicted by any of the con temporary authors, who wrote of the first exploits of their country, men in China. The gentlemen to whom the terms could not be un- known were Jesuits, for a few of thein came hither in 1562. With them, Mathew Ricci coming [1582] from India, spent some time, and must have been intimate; being a man of learning, of an enquir ing spirit-a Jesuit-he naturally enough asked on what footing foreigners stood, in respect to China. Had they been settled by right of conquest, he would undoubtedly have recorded, on the

103

Italian Journal he kept, the cause of the war and the articles of pa- cification.

For full account of Macao, See "An Historical Sketch of the Portuguese Settlements in China by Sir Andrew Ljungstedt, publish- ed in 1836.

The population, &c.

The Chinese population of Macao was estimated by Sir, Andrew, (see p. 31, in his book,) at "about 30,000 individuals, or at least six times greater than the vassals of Portugal actually are."

Since Sir Andrew wrote great changes have taken place in the regulations of Macao. It is now a free port. A new set of Com- mercial Regulations were formed between Kiying and M. Pinto in 1843. See Chi. Rep. vol. XIII. p. 276. New Regulations for the customs were published in March 1845, (see Chi. Rep. vol. XIV. p. 154.) The official notification, declaring Macao to be a Free Port, was published in Macao 28th Feb. 1846, and appeared in the papers of the day. See Friend of China, &c.

   The following, from the Boletim do Governo, Macao, Nov. 5th, 1846, appeared in the China Mail, Nov. 19th, 1846.

   More than thirty of the most respectable merchants of Macao, according to the invitation of His Excellency, met at noon to-day at bis residence, the object being to request that His Excellency would adopt measures for securing in some way regularity in the providing for the public expenditure. His Excellency explained to them the circumstances of the establishment with his usual frankness, and his suggestions were cordially received. The Commendador Jorge and João Baptista immediately offered to advance $15,000 in three months, and afterwards other gentlemen took upon themselves the expenses of the establishment up to the end of June next, receiving letters upon the Financial Agent at London and upon the Naval Pay-Master in Lisbon. This, the governor was of opinion, would allow sufficient time to regulate the finances.-All those invited retir- ed satisfied, having enjoyed another opportunity of showing their patriotism; and His Excellency was exceedingly satisfied by the ready disposition of these gentlemen in aiding the government.

103

We give below a list of the gentlemen in the same order as their signatures are found on the conditions made at government house :-

Jozó V. Jorge, and João B. Gomes,-promise to subscribe 15,000 dollars towards the expenses of November, December, and January. Guilherme F. Bramston, and Antonio C. Brandão,-whatever is necessary towards the expenses of the month of February.

Francisco J. de Paiva, Jozé B. Goularte, Claudio Ignacio da Silva, Manoel Pereira, and Jozé F. d'Oliveira,-whatever is neces- sary towards the expenses of March and April.

Maximiano J. d'Aquino, Lourenço Marques, and Camillo L. de Souza,-whatever is necessary towards the expenses of May.

Joaquim Peres da Silva, Maximiano A. dos Remedios, Miguel Antonio de Souza, and Filipe J. de Freitas,-whatever is necessary towards the expenses of June.

      Snr. Bernardo Estevão Carneiro offered to supply whatever should be wanting in the $15,000 advanced by Sra. Jorge and Gomes, for the three months beginning with the 1st inst., and to bear the ex- penses of freight and passage of the Officers to be sent this year in his ship to Goa.

PORT REGULATIONS SHANGHAI.

  THE following regulations, published by direction of H. B. M. plenipotentiary, in the China Mail, from which we copy them, indicate a state of things at Shanghái very different, in some respects, from what exists at Canton, espe- cially in the limits foreigners are allowed for exercise.

I. The Limits of the Port, on the sea side, are defined within the Lines formed by Paou-shan Point bearing west, and the Battery on the right bank at the mouth of the river below Woosung bear- ing south-west. The Anchorage for loading and discharging cargo is off the Custom House, and extends from the river called the Woosung Kow to that called the Yang-King-Pang. For more detail. ed instructions on this head, the taking in and discharging of ballast, &c., &c., masters of vessels are required to apply at the Consulate.

   2. Pilots can be obtained at Woosung to bring vessels up. In case of necessity, a gun will always bring one off, but the usual signal should first be hoisted. Pilots to take vessels down can be obtained at Shanghae, on application at the Consulate. Each pilot is authorised by Letter under the consular seal to act; and the amount he is duly authorised to demand as a just remuneration for his services, is specified therein.

   3. All vessels must be moored within the period of two tides from the time of their arrival at the anchorage, and in no case can a' vessel, after she is moored, inove or shift her berth, without per- mission from the Consulate.

4. Masters of vessels will report themselves within twenty-four hours after arrival, unless Sunday should intervene; and they will strictly attend, in all other points, to Article III., of the General Regulations of Trade.

   5. Masters requiring to beach their vessels for the purpose of in- spection or repair, must apply at the Cousulate for instructions.

   6. No goods can be landed, shipped, or trans-shipped after sunset or before sunrise, or between Saturday evening and Monday mor- ning; and no work is to be done on board vessels in harbour on Sunday, except such as may be necessary for the cleanliness and safety of the ship.

105

7. The discharge of fire-arms from the merchant vessels in harbor is strictly prohibited, as also from the residences of British subjects.

     8. Masters of vessels are required to report any passengers at the same time as the arrival of the ship; and seamen and persons belonging to the vessels in harbour are not to be permitted to go on shore without a responsible officer in charge-the masters being held distinctly responsible for the conduct of their men on shore. In the event of any men on liberty remaining on shore after sunset, the master is required without delay to send an officer to find and take them on board. Due and timely notice must also be given of the number and the names of passengers on board of any vessels leaving the port.

      9. All cases of death, whether on board a British vessel, or on shore in the residence of a British subject, must be reported with- in twenty-four hours, together with the best information attainable of the cause of death in cases of sudden demise, to H. M. Consul, who will give directions respecting the place of interment.

     10. Accidents involving personal injury, loss of life or of pro- perty, whether on shore, or in the river from collision of vessels, to be reported at the Consulate as soon as practicable; and in cases of theft, peculation, or assault, where British and Chinese sub- jects are both concerned, a Chinese, if guilty of any criminal act, and there be no officers of his country at hand, may be conveyed to H. M. Consul. But under no circumstances will British subjects be permitted to use violence to Chinese offenders, or take steps against the Chinese for the redress of their grivances.

     11. The distance to which British' subjects may proceed into the interior for exercise or plersure, is limited by the time required for the excursion. Twenty-four hours has been fixed as the longest period of absence from Shanghae. This permission does not ex- tend to sailors.

12. All British subjects are required to register at the Consulate within twenty-four hours after their arrival in the port, masters of vessels, their officers, and crew borne on the ship's papers ex- cepted.

RUTHERFORD Alccok, Consul.

November 6th, 1846.

British Consulate, Shanghae,

IONS

PROHIBITIONS AT CANTON.

  SHE, by imperial' pleasure acting magistrate of Nánhái, promoted ten degrees and recorded ten times, honored with the title of sub- prefect and advanced to the prefecture of the department of Loting, puts forth these prohibitions.

It is clear that, of the foreigners coming to Canton to trade, none except merchants and their rich assistants are allowed to go to the factories. Besides thèse, sailors and so forth, one and all are for- bidden to go on shore; and even the merchants and their assistants are not to presume to go to any other place.

Now, the provincial military examinations being at hand, it is fear- ed that the foreigners will be hastening away to the Eastern Parade to see the archery of the cavalry and infantry; that many crowding forward, some may chance, in the disorder and excitement of the moment, to get injured; or that the foreigners, not knowing how to dodge, may get wounded by the flying arrows. Therefore it is right to put forth prohibitions.

Accordingly these commands are put forth, to the hong merchants, the linguists, the constables, the boat and sedan people, &c., for their full information. You must, acting in conformity thereto and keeping the laws, inform the foreigners that they must not go to the Parade to see the archery. If any dare oppose, the said hong mer- chants and linguists shall be prosecuted and punished. The boat and sedan people, also, must not presume to carry the foreigners thither. If any dare to act otherwise, they shall be seized and pu- nished' as soon as detected.

Let every one tremblingly obey. Let there be no opposition to this special proclamation.

October 25th 1846. To be pasted up in front of the Public IIall of the hong merchants [at the head of Old China street.].

    Notė. We subjoin the original of the foregoing edict, giving, along with it, a literal translation, word for word; after which, we shall add "a declara- tion" from their excellencies, Kíying and Hwang, and some comments of our

own.

107

PROCIA MATION,

Copied from the official document, posted up at the head of

Old China Street.

欽 加同知銜署南海縣事

Imperially promoted joint knower title, acting Nán-hui district affairs,

准 陞 羅定直隷 州 jE 堂

permitted advance Lo-ting direct rule department principal incumbent,

加十級 紀 錄 十次史為

promoted ten degrees recorded meritoriously ten times, Ski, makes

禁事 照得洋人來

regulations prohibit affairs. Clear it-is, Ocean men coming-to Canton

貿易 北 許 正 商 財副

barter exchange, only are-allowed principal merchants rich assistants

到 行其餘水手人 等

to-come-to Factories; these besides water hands' men and-so-forth, one

不許 上岸邰正 商財副

all not allowed to-go-upon shore; even principal merchants rich assistants

亦不得擅往別處今武鄉 場

also not can assume go-to other place. Now military provincial examination

恐各

being near, tis-feared divers Ocean men abruptly go-to eastern try arena

看射馬步

赴東較場

    時 人多擠擁或

to-see shoot borse foot arrows, men many crowd round, chance one time

枉 perverse obtrusive shake hand wound men, chance just try shooting 's

躁動手傷人或當較射 之

時洋人不諳 閃避為箭所 傷

time, Ocean men not versed-in dodging back, are arrows that-which wound.

合 行 示 禁 為此示 刖

Tis-right to-take-up proclaim prohibitions, For this publish command

行 商 通事及各地保小

traveling merchants, communicate affairs, with each earth protector, small

艇小轎 人 等知

boat, small seḍan people classes know comprehend; youclasses must needs

108

遵照守法 傅 知 洋人不得往

obey conform keep laws, communicate inform Ocean men, not can go-to

較場觀射如

違,定提該 故

try arena see shoot. If dare intentionally oppose, assurely take said

行 商 涌 事 究處

處 其小艇

traveling merchants communicate affairs prosecute punish. The small boat

小轎人 等亦不得擅行抬

抬送 small sedan people classes, also not can presume go take-up forward 洋人往看尙敢抗 違 經查出 Ocean men go-to see. If dare offend, oppose once have searched out, 立拿重究 各宜凛遵毋

thereupon seize severely prosecute. Each ought tremblingly obey. Dont

違特 示

oppose special proclamation.

道光 二十六 年九月 初 六 日

Táu-kwáng, twenty-sixth year, ninth moon, first 6th day.

實 貼 洋行 會 館

Faithfully postup Ocean traveling assembly hall.

DECLARATION.

(From the China Mail November, 26th 1846.)

Kiying, imperial commissioner, governor-general of the two Kwáng, &c., &c., &c., and Hwáng, governor of Kwángtung, &c. &c., &&c., hereby give a declaration.

We yesterday received your statement to the effect that the district magistrate of Nánhái had lately issued a very objectionable pro- clamation: and also the copy you sent of the proclamation in question.

On these reaching us, we immediately made personal inquires, on the subject, of the district magistrate of Nánhái, who stated that this proclamation, prepared according to old drafts of many years' stand- ing, has been issued by the district magistrate once before each triennial military examination for a long time back, just as in 1843 at the Kwei-mow examinations, and in 1844 at the Kiá-shin examina- tions, the former successive district magistrates of Nánhái issued proclamations to the inhabitants of the thirteen factories in conformity

109

with this draft, previous to the military examinations, as is on record and that therefore, when in this year the Ping-woo military triennial examinations were caused to commence, fair copies were made out in accordance with the old drafts, and the proclamation issued with- out the addition or subtraction of one word. He at the same time sought out and presented to us for examination and comparison the old drafts, according to which the proclamation had been issued on the above two times, at the Kwei-mow and Kiáshin examinations, both of which agree with the copy you sent us of the proclamation issued this time.

     After examination we find, with reference to this proclamation, that as it has been copied from the old drafts used at successive past examinations, it forms a part of the routine business, which it is not customary to examine, and that it is by no means that the present district magistrate has any other (peculiar) views.

     What is stated in the copy,-that the hong merchants and fin- guists should transmit commands to the foreigners is, however, very unfitting; and we have therefore written to the said district magiş- trate, ordering him to bear in remembrance, that when the time of the military triennial examinations next arrives, he is forbidden again to issue a proclamation according to this old draft; and that if there be any matters of local interest which he wishes to make known to Englishmen, he must make a communication to you, that you may issue commands accordingly. A special declaration 20th Nor.

STEAM COMMUNICATION FROM EUROPE

AND AMERICA TO CHINA.

    DECEMBER 26th, 1844, an agreement was formed between the Pe- pinsular and Oriental Steam Company and the British Lords of the Admiralty, respecting the conveyance of mails between Suez and Calcutta, and between Point de Gaile ( Ceylon ) and China.

     The mails are to come on from Suez to Aden in 144 hours, and to remain there 48 hours; thence to Galle in 247 hours, or (if they do not touch at Galle) to Trincomalee in 282 hours, and to remain 48 hours, and thence in 35 to Madras,-or to remain at Galle 48 hours, and in 60 reach Madras; or, if they touch at both places, they are to reach Trincomalee in 34 hours from Galle, remain 12, and be at Madras in 35 hours. To reach Penang, 140 hours from Galle, or 137 from Trincomalee; in 45 to go on to Singapore; stop there 48, and reach Hongkong in 170 hours.

    Thus if by de Galle, from Suez to Hongkong, running 144+ 247+140+45+170=746 hours; stopping 48+48+48=144 hours, or in all 37 days and 2 hours.

    The contract is to be in force for seven years from the 1st January 1845, and then twelve months' notice of discontinuance to be given before the contract shall cease. Between Ceylon and China the communication commenced on the 1st of August, 1845, with vessels of 250 horse power. The steamers are to be of 250 horse power till June 1846, and then 400 horse power, and are to leave Hongkong on the 1st of every month, except in May, June and July, then 5 days earlier.

LIST OF THE RATES OF POSTAGE BETWEEN HONGKONG

and foreigN COUNTRIES, &c. VIA "SOUTHAMPTON."

Countries to which prepayment in Hongkong is compulsory.

Spain,..

Portugal, Madeira, The Azores.

The Canary Islands,.

Brazil,..

On a A news letter. paper.

d.

3 2

Itter rate

do.

2 7

2 8

do.

do.

3 7

Buenos Ayres and Monte Video,.

United States of America,

3 5

do.

2 0

do.

Panama, Chili, Peru and Honduras,..

Foreign West Indies, Viz., Guadeloupe, Martinique, Hayti, Por-

      to Řico, St. Croix, St. Eustatius, St. Martin and St. Thomas Mexico, New Granada, Cuba,..

Venezuela,

Austria and the Austrian dominions,..

2

do.

23

do.

3 1

do.

free

1 5

do.

Sardinia and Southern Italy,....

{

British 18. 5d.

Total

1 10

Foreign 5d.

Countries to which the prepayment is optional.

Canada, New Brunswick, Prince Edwards I., and Nova Scotia,

       (Port and town of Halifax excepted)..... Newfoundland, Bermuda, and the port and town of Halifax in

Nova Scotia.............

British West Indies, Viz., Antigua, Barbadoes, Bahamas Deme-

rara, Dominica, Essequibo, Grenada, Montserrat, Nevis, St Lucia, St. Kitts, St. Vincent, Tobago, Tortola, Trinidad, and the port and town of Kingston in Jamaica,.

Jamaica, (port and town of Kingston excepted,) and Berbice.. Heligoland,

Hamburg, Lubec, and the Duchy of Oldenburg,

Bremen,...

Holland,...

Denmark, Russia, Prussia, Baden, Wurtemburg, and Bavaria....

Belgium,t..

France,...

2 2

free

2 0

do.

22211222

ефе

{Foreign

British 18. 5d. 5d.

Total

I

1 9

Hanover and the Duchy of Brunswick,..

      The United Kingdom vin. Southampton, prepayment optional. Charges upon a letter not exceeding half an ounce..

do.

do.

one ounce,

        do. (And so on in proportion according to weight.)

= a

do. do.

do.

letter raté

do. free

Jetter rate

free

1d.

1

2 0

0 free do.

א -

The British rate of 18. 5d. in chargeable on a letter not exceeding a half ounce in weight, and so on according to the scale for charging British rates of postage, but the foreign rate of 5d. is chargeable on a letter under one quarter ounce in weight, and an additional rate of five must be charged for each one quarter oz.

       + This rate comprises the British postage of Is. 8d., and the Belgian postage of Id. The latter increases by the one quarter oz, as in the case of French letters.

Letter and newspaper via Marseilles, cannot be prepaid in Hongkong.

The intercolonial correspondeuce, by the steamers, for the present, conveyed free;

112

GENERAL RATES OF PASSAGE.

General rates of passage. Steam communication for passengers, goods, and parcels between Hongkong and Singapore, Penang, Ceylon, Madras, and Calcutta, also via Egypt, Malta, and England, by the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company's Steamers.

Description or class of

accommodation.

For ladies and gentlemen traveling singly,

A berth in the general cabins

throughout,

For a gentlemen and his

wife traveling together, Occupying one of the general

cabins to or from Suez, & a berth each separately, in the general cabins be- tween Alexan. and Eng., or Ceylon and Calcutta. Children with their parents, Not exceeding, two years, Free (except expence of transit through Egypt and Stewards' Fees).

Above 2 and not exceeding

6 years.

Above 6 and not exceeding

10 years

Servants of passengers,

European Male.

Do. Female.

Native

Do.

Male.

Female.

From Hongkong to

Mnga. Pe- Cey. Ma. Cat-

nang. lon. dras cutta.

Bues.

Alex- Mal. andria.

Eng Ca. land.

pore.

$

$

173 222 322

370 400 643

716 768

898

346 444 644 740 800 1286 1432 1536 1796

10 12

15

53

135

5355

62

60

77 112 130 142 224

267

285 334

88

113 165 190 306

329 375 401 466

56

42

42

56 72 105 120 130 210 253

72 105 120 130 55 79 90 97 55 79 90 97

270 310

210 263

280 320

157 157

199

211 243

209 221 253

117 150 217 250 272

434

482 519 606

84 110

158 180 194

314

56 72 105 120 130

210

8 8 **** **

fr33 397

Second class & deck passengers, Second class passengers. First Deck Victualled by ship. Second Do. Victualling

themselves.

S

   Payment to be made in Spanish dollars. For extra accommodation an ad- ditional sum will be charged: Passengers to England desirous of remaining a month in Egypt, or at any of the ports en route, at which the Company' Steamers touch, will be allowed to proceed in the following steamers without additional payment, provided they give notice of their intention at the time of engaging their passage.

   The above rates include stewards' fees, and table, wines, &c., &c, for cabin passengers, with 3 cwt. of personal baggage. For servants, and 2d class passengers, provisions without wines, and 14 cwt. of baggage. Bedding, linen and all requisite furniture are provided at the Company's expense, together with the attendance of experienced male and female servants. The expense of transit through Egypt is also included in the passage money, with the ex- ception of wines, spirits, beer, soda water, hotel expenses, and extra baggage, all of which will be charged for separately by the Egyptian Transit Company.

113

Passengers will have to pay to the Egyptian Transit Company 16s. per cwt. for the conveyance through Egypt (for first class passengers) of all baggage exceeding 2 cwt., and (for children, servants, and 2d class passengers) of all exceeding 1 cwt. No package of baggage should exceed 80lb. in weight. The dimensions most convenient for transporting across the desert on the camels, and therefore strongly recommended, are, length 2 feet 3 in., breadth 1 foot 2 in., depth 1 foot 2 in.

All heavy or bulcky baggage must be shipped on the day previous to sail- ing. Passengers taking articles of merchandise in their baggage will incur the risk of seizure by the customs authorities in Egypt; and as the allowance of baggage is on a liberal scale, and the freight on parcels moderate, it is hoped that none will convey parcels or packages belonging to other persons, to the prejudice of the Company's interests.

The Company do not hold themselves liable for damage or loss of baggage nor for delays arising from accident, from extraordinary or unavoidable cir- cumstances, or from the employment of the vessels in H. M. Mail Service.

N. B. Passengers not proceeding after socuring berths, to forfeit half pas- sage money.

Hongkong, October 20th, 1846.

Henry Gribble, H. C. S. Súperintendent Bombay and China department.

RATES OF FREIGHT.

      Rates of freight for Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company's Steamers, from Hongkong, including half per cent Egyptian transit duty on cargo shipped to Malta or England.

Description

of goods.

How charged. Rate to

Sues. England. Malta.

Madras, Calcutta, Bombay.

Ceylon. Straits.

Measurement goods, per ton 40 120 105

         cubic feet Measuring I foot & under, pr. parcel

Do. above 1 ft. not exceʼg. 2, do.

£5.00

40.00 30.00 20.00*

+

5

5

4.00 3:00 2.50 2.00

8

7 5.50

4.00 3.25 2.75

Do. Do.

2

"

"

"

3

"

Jewellery, Musk, and

valuable articles of

a similar discription Treasure,

Silk Piece Goods,

per cent.

"

3, do.

At the rate speci-

4.75 4.00 3.00

6, do.

fied per ton.

5.00

4.50

4.00

Ad valorem

3

3 2.50

2.25

2.00 1.00

do.

do.

1.50

1.25

.75+

do.

do.

per

Measurement

as above.

}

3.00

2.50

1.50

Quicksilver,.

+

Gold Leaf,

China Cash,

do. do.

3.00

2.50

1.50

do:

do.

1.00

.75

.50

per pecul.

.90

Payment to be made in Spanish Dollars.

* Goods shipped to England or Malta must be packed in non-susceptible covering, as wood, tarpaulin. &c., and the value and contents de lared at time of shipment.

       † A reduction of half per cent allowed on Gold. The within mentioned rates to the Straits, Ceylon, and India, apply only to the period from November 1st to March 31st.

Hongkong, October 20th, 1846.

 Henry Gribble, H. C. S. Superintendent, Bombay and China department.

THE

大清朝

Tú Tsing Châu,

OR

GREAT PURE DYNASTY.

   The Tá Tsing Cháu, or reigning Mánchí-Chinese family feign to derive their origin from the gods. It is believed, however, that the Minchú race was formed of Tongouse tribes, situated on the banks of the Amour, or Black Dragon river north of Corea, and at no very remote period of time.

Names of its Sovereigns, or Mihu Háu.

Kaosh Hán.

Reigned.

1肇

Sháutsí Yuen 原皇帝

N. B. These first

hwángtí.

hwangtí.

6太宗皇帝 Taitsung Wan

hwangtí.

hwángtí.

興祖直皇帝 Hingtsú Chih

hwángtí.

3 景祖翼皇帝 Kingtsu Yih

hwángtí.

4顯祖宜皇帝 Hientsín Sinen

5太祖高皇帝 Táitsń Kau

four were mere chief-

tains, without national titles.

Tienming.

Tientsung.

崇德 Tsungtih.

7 世祖章皇帝 Shitsú Cháng

hwángtí.

順治 Shunchi.

18

8 聖祖仁皇帝 Shingtsń Jin

hwángtí.

hwángtí.

·世宗憲皇帝 Shitsung Hien

10 高宗純皇帝 Kauteung Shun

11 仁宗睿皇帝 Jintsung Jui

12 (The reigning monarch.)

hwángtí.

61

雍正 Yungching. 13

乾隆 Kienlung.

60

嘉慶 Kińking- 25

✯ Taakwáng. 26

康熙 Kánghí.

115

CHINESE DYNASTIES.

No.

Names of dynasties.

Number of sovereigns.

Years of reign. Commencing.

1. Mythological line

3 sovereigns $1,600

B. C.

2. The Wú tí

8

647

2852

19

3. The Hiá dynasty

17

439

2205

**

4. The Sháng dynasty

28

644

1766

11

5. The Chau dynasty

35

873

1122

"

6. The Tsin dynasty

1

3

249

..

7. The After Tsin dynasty 8. The Hán dynasty

9. The Eastern Han dynasty 10. The After Hán dynasty

2

44

246

"

14

226

202

"

12

196

A. D. 25

"

44

221

"

11. The Tain dynasty

52

265

"1

12. The Eastern Tsin dynasty 11

103

317

13. The Northern Sung dynasty 8

59

420

"

14. The Tsí dynasty

5

23

479

15. The Liáng dynasty

4

55

502

16. The Chin dynasty

5

32

557

"

17. The Sui dynasty

31

589

"

18. The Tang dynasty

    19. The After Liáng dynasty 20. The After Táng dynasty

20

297

620

"

2

16

907

"

13

929

"

21. The After Tain dynasty

936

22. The After Hán dynasty

947

11

23. The After Chau dynasty

3

9

951

11

24. The Sung dynasty

9

157

960

·

25. The Southern Sung dynasty 9

153

1127

19

26. The Yuen dynasty

9

88

1230

"

27. The Ming dynasty

16

276

1363

28. The Tá Tsing dynasty has 12

201

1644

     The whole number of sovereigns in the foregoing list, exclusive of the mythological line, is 246.

The number of years-excluding the reign of the three august sovereigns-is 4897, which gives to each dynasty a fraction more than 173 years; and to each sovereign a period of little more than 19 years.

CHINESE GOVERNMENT.

LIST OF Officers

From the

大清縉紳

Tá Tsing Tsin Shin, or

Governmental Red Book. We select only the names of the principal

persons and of those who are likely to come to the notice of for- eigners.

HIS IMPERIAL Majesty,

道光

TAU-KWANG,

the present emperor of China, was born the 10th of the 8th moon A. D. 1781, and succeeded his father Kiáking 24th of August 1821. The leading members of the Cabinet,

OF NUI KOH,, or

are

1. Muchángáh, a Manchu;

2.Pwán Shíngan, a Chinese ;

3. FL

Pauḥing, a Manchu;

Chola Pingtien, a Chinese;

4.

5. 耆英

Kíying, a Manchu;

6. Chin Kwantsiun, a Chinese.

PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENTS,

in the eighteen Provinces of China Proper.

總督

Tsung tuh, or

Governors-general. These are eight in number, and below we give

117

their names and the names of the provinces over which their jurisdic-

tion extends.

vinces.

Some have rule over two, and one over three pro-

1. JH Ná'rhkingáh,

Pihching,

Liú Yunko,

Yútái,

Pú Yentai,

直隸 Chihli;

I Liáng-Kiáng;

閩浙 Min-Cheh;

đi in Liáng-Hú;

陝甘 Shen-Kán;

2. 璧昌

3. 劉韻坷

4. 裕泰

5.

彥泰

6. 寶興

7. to thi

Kiying,

兩廣 Liing-Kwáng.

8. 賀長齡

Ho Chángling, 雲貴

雲貴 Yun-K wei.

Páuking,

四川 Sz'chuen;

巡撫

Súen fú, or

    Governors of provinces. These are fifteen in number. We give the names of the incumbents, with the names of the provinces over which

they exercise their "patroling and soothing functions," as his majes

ty's ministers, and shepherds, or fathers and mothers of the people.

Wáng Chih,

江蘇 Kiángsú;

安徽 Ngánhwuis

江西 Kiángsí;

Chehkiang;

Fuhkien;

湖北 Húpeh;

湖南 Húnán;

Ngoh-shun-ngán, ý Honán,

1. 李星沅

Lí Singyuen,

2. 王植

3. 吳文鎔

Wú Wanyung,

4. KI Ž

Liang Páucháng,

5. 鄭祖琛

Ching Tsuchin,

6. 趙炳言

Chau Pingyen,

7. 陸費瑔

Luh Fitsiuen,

8. 鄂順安

9. 崇恩

10. 吳其濬

Wú Kísiun,

山西 Shánsi;

11. 林則徐

Lin Tsehsü,

Hwáng Ngantung,

13. 周

Chau Chíkí,

14. 陸建瀛

Luh Kienying,

雲南 Yunnan;

15. 喬用

12. 黃恩彤

Tsungngan,

山東 Bhántung)

陝西 Shensís

Kwangtung;

廣西 Kwangsi;

Kiú Yungtsien, Kweichay.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS at CANTON,

1., Krying,

  Governor-general of the two provinces of Kwángtung and Kwángsí, and imperial commissioner charged with the management of foreign affairs at the five ports, Canton, Amoy, Fuchau, Ningpo, and Sháng. hái. Salary, as governor, 15,000 taels per annum.

2. 黄恩彤 Hwáng Ngantung,

Governor of the province of Kwángtung. Hwáng is a native of Shángtung, has been a prominent, though not a principal actor in all the negotiations with foreigners, since the British squadron ap- peared before Nanking in 1842.

3. 張青雲 Cháng Tsingyun,

Commander-in-chief of the military forces, and is called in Chinese luh lú ti-tuh.

4. 賴恩爵 Lui Ngantsioh,

Admiral Commander-in-chief of the naval forces, and is called in Chinese shuisz' tí-tub.

5.

Yu Sui (acting).

General of the Manchu garrison, and commander of the troops of the eight standards; he is called in Chinese tsiáng-kiun.

6. (Governor Hwang acting.)

Commissioner of finance, and superintendent of the territorial de- partment, or púching sz'.

7. 嚴良訓 Yen Liánghiun,

Commissioner of justice, or ngánchá sz'.

8. 黄宗漢 Hroáng Tsunghán,

Commissary general, or liángtáu. 9. 韋德成 Wei Tehshing,

Commissioner for salt, or yenyunsz'.

10. Tivenking,

Literary chancellor, superintendent of education, called the hioh tái 11. 基保 Képau,

Commissioner of customs, or the "Grand hoppo."

12.

119

Liu K'aiyih,

Prefect of Canton, or chifú of Kwángchan fú. This officer has some times been called the mayor of Canton, and his functions correspond very nearly to those of that officer in European cities.

13.

Kingyin,

Commander of the troops and armed police of Canton city. He is called the kwánghieh.

14. ‡ ‡ Shi Puh,

史樸

Magistrate of the district of Nánhái.

In the local dialect he is called

the námhoi. He is the chief magistrate of the district of Nánhái (or Námhoi) which comprises the western division of the city of Cantor and the surrounding country westward including the "Fahti," or Flower Gardens, and the town of Fuhshán or Hills of Budha.

15. 李延福 Li Yenfuh,

Magistrate of the district of Pwinyu, which comprises the eastern part of Canton city, and the adjacent country as far as Whampoa.

16.

Shi Yutsuen,

Sub-magistrate under the Nánhái, and the first or lowest magistrate accessible to foreigners residing at the provincial city

17.

Luh Sunting,

Magistrate of the district of Hiángshin: his residence is a few miles north from Macao, which is under his jurisdiction.

18. 吉泰 Kih Tái

Assistant magistrate, or sub-prefect, to the prefect of Canton. He resides at Caza Branca, near Macao, and acts there as the deputy for his superior the prefect of Canton.

19. i Kê Chúng Yu,

Sub-magistrate of Hiángshin. He resides in Macao, and acts as an assistant for his superior at Hiángshán.

Note. Having no later authority for the names of these officers than the Red Book for the summer quarter of 1846, we do not pro- ceed to give from it the names of officers residing at Amoy, Fuchau, Ningpo, and Shánghái.

GOVERNMENT OF HONGKONG.

Governor, Commander in Chief

and Vice-Admiral.

His Excellency Sir John Francis

Davis, Baronet.

Lieutenant-Governor.

The Hon. Major General, George

D'Aguilar, C. B.

Chief Justice.

The Hon. John Walter Hulme, Eq. Attorney General.

The Hon. Paul Ivy Sterling, Esq.

( absent. )

Colonial Secretary and Auditor General.

The Hon. Major William Caine.

Colonial Chaplain.

The Rev. Vincent John Stanton. Aid-de-camp to H. E. the Governor. Captain Sargent, H. M. 18th R.

Executive Council,

1.

II. E. the Governor. The Hon. the Lieut.-Governor. The Hon. the Colonial Secretary. The Hon. the Secretary to H. M.

Plenipotentiary.

Legislative Council.

   H. E the Governor. The Hon, the Lieut.-Governor. The Hon. the Chief Justice. The Hon. the Attorney General.

       Colonial Office. 1. d'Almada e Castro, Chief Clerk. Joze d'Almada e Castro, 2nd do. H. J. Hance,

3rd do.

A. Grandpré,

Treasury Office.

4th do.

W. T. Mercer Esq. (acting) Co-

lonial Treasurer.

J. G. Comelate, Chief Clerk.

   Robert Rienacher, 2nd do. W. II. Miles,

Audit and Council Office. W. Morgan, Clerk.

Land Office.

Charles St. George Cleverly, Esq..

Surveyor General.

John Pope, Clerk of Works, &c. William Tarrant, Clerk of (Deed)

Registry, &c. &c.

J. C. Power, Book-keeper. G. E. Harrison, Clerk. Keoketch, Chinese do. Murdoch Bruce, Insp. of Roads. Antonio Mattheus, Overseer of

Convicts.

W. Pincanca, Sexton.

Supreme Court.

Hon. J. W. Hulme, Chief Justice. C. B. Campbell, Attorney Genl. R. D. Cay, Registrar.

F. Smith, Deputy Registrar. F. Wade, Chinese Interpreter. João de Jezus, Malay do. W. Alexander, Clerk of Court. G. A. Trotter, Clerk of C. J. John Brooksbank, Usher.

Police Magistrate's Office. C. B. Hillier, (officiating) Chief

Magistrate.

C. G. Holdforth, Asst. Magistrate. D. R. Caldwell, Clerk of Court

and Interpreter,

J. de Jezus, Assist. Interpreter. James Collius 1st Clerk. James Collins, Gaoler.

Marine Magistrate's Office. Lieut. W. Pedder, R. N. W. H. Fittock, Clerk.

Harbor Master's Office. Lieut. W. Pedder, R. N., Harbor

Master.

Alexander Lena, Assistant.

3rd do.

E. R. Michell, Clerk.

I

121

Ibrahim, Interpreter.

Sheriff's Office.

C. B. Hillier Esq., (officg.) Sheriff. C. G. Holdforth, Deputy do.

Registrar General's Office. Samuel Fearon, Registrar Gene-

ral (absent).

    A. L. Inglis Officiating do. James Stevenson, Clerk.

Police Rate Assessment Office. Joint Asses

Charles Markwick,

1

Post Office.

Thomas Hyland, Post Master. R. H. Crackanthrop, Chief Clerk. W. H. Marsh,

2nd do. J. B. dos Remedios, 3rd do.

Police Office. Charles May, Superintendent. H. McGregor, Inspector. T. Smithers,

da.

Justices of the Peace. A. E. Shelley, Esq. The Hon. A. R. Johnston, Esq.

sors and Collectors. J. F. Edger, Esq.

G. E. Hanisson,

F. de Noronha, Sub-collector.

Peter Young, Esq.

Coroner.

Colonial Surgeon.

N. de E. Parker, Esq.

A. Fletcher, Esq. (absent) G. Smith, Esq.

Donald Matheson, Esq.

HER BRITANNIC MAJESTY's SuperinteNDENCY AND Consular

Establishments in ChiNA.

At Hongkong.

His Excellency Sir John Francis (

Davis, Baronet.

The Hon. A. R. Johnston, The Rev. Charles Gutzlaff, Mr. Alexander Bird,

Mr. William Connor,

Mr. C. T. Watkins,

F. C. Macgregor, Esq. John Backhouse, Esq. T. T. Meadows, Esq. Mr. E. F. Giles, Mr. II. Oakly,

N. de St. Croix, Esq.

     T. H. Layton, Esq. W. R. Gingell, Esq. Mr. F. L. Hertslet,

Mr. C. A. Winchester,

Her Britannic Majesty's Pleni- potentiary and Chief Super- intendent of Trade. Secretary and Registrar. Chinese Secretary.

First Assistant. Second ditto.

Third ditto.

At Canton.

Consul.

Acting Vice-Consul. Interpreter.

Senior Assistant.

Junior

ditto.

Consular Agent, Whampoa.

At Amoy.

Consul.

Interpreter.

Senior Assistant.

Funior Assistant and Medical

Attendant.

 R. B. Jackson, Esq. M. C. Morrison, Esq Mr. J. T. Walker, Mr. W. S: Meredith;

122

At Fuhchau fú.

Consul. Interpreter.

Senior Assistant.

Acting Consul. Interpreter.

Funior ditto.

At Ningpb.

G. G. Sullivan, Esq.

C. A. Sinclair, Esq. Mr. P. Hague,

At Shanghai.

Mr. F. Parish,

R. Alcock, Esq.

D. B. Robertson, Esq. W. H. Medhurst, Esq

Parkes, Esq.

H.

Mr. F. H. Hale;

Mr. F. Harvey,

Mr. F. Robertson,

H. EVERETT.

Senior Assistant. Junior ditto.

Consul.

Vice-Consul.

Interpreter. (absent.)

Acting Interpreter.

Senior Assistant and Medical

Attendant.

Second Assistant.

Third ditto.

U. S. A. LEGATION.

His Excellency AlexandeER

Rev. Peter Parker, M. D

Commissioner to the court of

Peking, &c, &c.,

Secretary & Chinese Interpreter.

SWEDISH LEGATION.

HON: C. F. LILJEVALCH,

Chevalier l'ordre de Wasa:

Minister Plenipotentiary, &c.

FOREIGN CONSULS.

Paul S. Forbes, Esq. Gideon Nye junilor, Esq Clement D. Nye, Esq.

  W. W. Parkin, Esq. F. T. Bush, Esqi Henry G. Wolcott, Esq. D. Jardine, Esq.

Ch. Lefebré de Bécour, Esq. M. J. Senn Van Basel, Esq, Alexander Calder, Esq.

₺. S. A. Consul, Cántón.

Consul for the Republic of Chili

S. A. (absent)..

(acting Consul for same) Can. Consul for the Republic of Peru.

S. A. Canton.

U. S. A. Consul, Hongkong. U. S. A. Consul, Shánghái. Danish Consul, Cantoni Consul of the first class, acting as French consul in China. Netherlands Consul, Canton. Acting Danish Consul, Shangh.

123

PORTUGUESE GOVERNMEnt in MACAO.

H. E. João M. Ferreira do Amaral, Governor.

Joaquim A. de Moraes Carneiro,

Major Manoel Lopes P. Nunes,

D. Geronimo Pereira de Matta,

Judge. Commandant.

Bishop.

MILITARY AND NAVAL FORCES IN CHINA.

      THE means for giving complete lists of these are not at hand. Early in 1846, the British military forces were withdrawn from Chusan, and are now quartered in new and commodious barracks at Hongkong.

These forces are under the command of major-general George D'Guilar, c. B., &C.

The Royal Artillery is commanded by lieut.-colonel Brereton, c. B. &c., and the Royal Engineers, by major Aldrich.

COMMERCIAL HOUSES, &C.

WITH NAMES OF PARTNERS, ASSISTANTS,

&c.

ADNAMS, J., Hongkong,

AGA MIRZA BoozRvG, Canton.

Aga Mirza Boozrug,

Aga Mohomed.

AGABEG, C. Canton

ARDASEER FURDONJEE.

AGASSIZ, ARTHUR,

Arthur Agassiz,

Edmund Moller.

AMMERODEEN & SHIK DAVOOD.

Shumsoodeen Abdoollatiff. Jufurbhoy Budroodeen. Shaik Hussun Shaikammud. Nuzmoodeen Shojaully. Surrufully Chadabhoy, Shaik Munsoor Nezamully.

ANDERSON, D., Hongkong, BADENOCH, P., Hongkong,

BALFOUR, A.H. surgeon, Hongkong. BARNES, D. J., Hongkong,

BARNET, GEORGE, Canton,

William Barnet.

H. Wiltshire.

BELL & Co. Canton,

William Bell, England.

Sir G. Larpent,

11

Alfred Wilkinson, Canton, J. Mackrill Smith,

Archibald Melville.

T. Dale.

Richard Gibbs.

Francis Wilkinson.

BIRLEY, F. B., Canton,

John Bellamy. Marciano de Silva.

BLENKIN, RAWSON & Co., Hong. Can. T. S Rawson, England."" William Blenkin, Canton, Arthur J. Empsón, England. Samuel Rawson, Alexander F. Croom. h

C. Eunpson, Shinghải. William Kay, Henry Balkwell. e Fraser Sinclair. h Patrick McCart. h

W. Brown h

F. A. Layton, Shánghái. F. D. Syme, Amoy.

BOUSTEAD & Co. Canton and Shắnghải

Edward Boustead.

Benjamin Butler, Manila. Adam Sykes, Singapore. Gustav C. Schwabe, Liverpool.

Marten Wilhelmy.c Joseph Wise.c

Richard Aspinall, jr. c

W. Hutchinson, Shảngh. W. C. Farquhar.

Edward Burton.

19

17

BOVET, BROTHERS & Co., Canton,

Louis Bovet.

Fritz Bovet.

Alexis Bugnon.

BOWRA, HUMPHRAYS & Co. Hongkong

C. W. Bowra.

Alfred Humphreys.

A. H. Fryer.

W. A. Bowra.

F. Thompson.

BUCHANAN, J. C.

BUCKTON, CHARLES, Hongkong.

Ninian Crawford

Charles Wilkinson. J. Gutierres.

W. Dalziel.

J C. Buchanan,

BECTON, C., Whampoa,

BULL, ISAAC M, Canton,

E. Dyer Vinton.

BURD, LANGE & Co., Hongkong,

John Burd,

D. L. Proctor, jr.

BURGESS, E. N., Hongkong.

Antonio L. Encarnação. Joaquim de Jesus.

Burjorjee SORABJEE. Bush & Co., Hongkong.

F. T. Bush.

W. F. Robinson.

Rofino Rangel, H. II. Abercrombie.

125

Francisco A. Barros.

Miguel de Souza, jr.

CAESAR, C. A., Canton,

Carlowitz, Harkort & Co., Canton,

Richard Carlowitz.

Bernhard Harkort.

CHALMERS & Co., Canton,

Patrick Chalmers.

James Dickson Park.

CHINA MALL, Newspaper, Hongkong,

Andrew Shortrede, Editor.

Andrew Dickson. George Barmore, Francison Barradas, Joze da Silva.

Manoel Braga.

João Garçon.

Vicente Barradas.

CLUB HOUSE, Hongkong,

Francis Spring, secretary,

CLARK, C. G.

Compton & Co., C. S., Canton,

Edward M. Daniell, England. William Dickinson, Charles S. Compton.

Charles Sanders.

A. E. H. Campbell.

COMSTOCK, W. O., Canton,

COWASJEE PALUNJEE.

Cooverjee Bomanjee. Cowasjee Framjee.

COWASJEE Sapoorjee Lungrana.

Cowasjee Sapoorjee Lungrana. Pestonjee Byramjee Colah. Framjee Sapoorjee Lungrana. Pestonjee Jemsetjee Motiwalla. Rustomjee Pestonjee Motiwallo Dossabhoy Hormusjee, Shảng. Framjce Hormusjce, Burjorjee Pestonjee, Ruttunjee Framjee Vatcha. Dadabhoy Jemsetjee.

19

"

Hormusjee Jamasjee Nauhders.

CURSETJEE PESTONJEE CAMA. DADABHOY Bunjorjee.

Rustomjee Burjorjee. Dhunjeebhoy Dadabhoy. Sorabjee Byramjee Colah.

DALLAS & Co., Canton,

William Dallas, England. George Coles, Stephen Ponder.

John Butt.

DADABHOY NusserWANJEE Mody & Co Nusserwanjee Bomanjee Mody. Rustomjee Dadabhoy Camajee Dhunjeebhoy Horinusjee,

DAVID SASSOON Soxs & Co., Canton, Abdalah David Sassoon. Eliago David Sassoon.

|

Agostinho de Miranda. Dawood Moses,

Isaac Rubain, Shánghải. Benjamin Eliah. Solomon Dawood. Jacob Rubian.

Muncherjee Pestonjee.

DENT & Co., Hongkong and Canton. Lancelot Dent, Europe.

Wilkinson Dent, Hongkong,

Archibald Campbell, absent. John Dent.c

Charles J. Braine. A

Edward Pereira. A

Henry Dickinson. A M. W. Pitcher, England. G. H. Schumacher. A James Bowman, k J. C. Smith, Shinghiên D. Johnson. c

Francis C. Chomley, k James Trabshaw, h Joaquim P. Caldas. A Antonio Gonsolves. A

Dext, Brale & Co., Shinghải.

Lancelot Dent, Europe. Thomas Chay Beale.

John Bowman.

Dauxjerbhoy Rustomjee,

Dirom Gray & Co., Canton, Shảngkái

R. Dirom, England.

W. F. Gray,

W. W. Dale, c

19

W. F. Hunter, Bombay. T. F. Gray,

D. Potter, Shanghii.

C. Ryder.c

J. Hodgson.

4. Gray, c

D. W. Mackenzie. c

D. Sillar, Skỏnghải.

G. Umson,

19

11. M. M. Gray, Shánghái.

¡¡Drinker & Heyt, Hongkong,

W. Drinker,

W. S. Heyl,

(Dundell, G., Hongkong, DUSJEERHOY Framjee CARA.

Shapoorjce Sorabjee, Duping, C., Hongkong, DURKAN, JR., J. A., Macao.

Adheinar Durran. |Duu, Rawv o Co, Shánghi,

Alexander Calder, agent §- act-

ing Danish Consul,

Eduljɛɛ FramJef. Sons & Co.

Bomanjee Eduljee. Dadabhoy Eduljee.

Munchersaw Nusserwanjee My.

[Edwards, R., Macao.

126

EMERY & FRASER, Hongkong,

W. Emery,

G. Fraser,

G. Perkins,

A. Chapman.

lic, attorney, etc.

FISCHER & Co.

Gilman, Bowman & Co., Shánghái.

.J. Gilman, Canton Abram Bowman.

R. J. Wildman.

G. F. Smith.

FARNCOMB, E., Hongkong. Notary pub- GODDARD, W. H., solicitor, Hongkong,

Maximilian Fischer.

William Meufing-

J Whittall.

FLETCHER & Co., Hongkong.

Angus Fletcher, England. Duncan Fletcher. k George Findlay. k

Antonio M. Cortella. h A. Campbell. h

FORD & Co., M., Canton,

FRANKLYN & MILNE, Hongkong.

W. H. Franklyn.

C. Milne.

Joze Pedro de Souza. Ignacio Peteira.

Freemantle, E., Whampoa,

FRIEND OF CHINA, Newspaper, Hong.

John Carr, Editor,

Luiz M. de Azevedo, Joze Sanchez,

Antonio de Vidigal, Antonio de Fonceca,

FUNCK, F. Hongkong.

J. Porter.

D. Steevens.

GEMMELL, & Co., W. & T., C. & H.

William Gemmell, England. Henry Robert Harker. c

W. F. Bevan, k

E. Warden.c

J. Napier.

GIBB LIVINGSTON & Co., Canton,

T. A. Gibb, absent.

W. P. Livingston, absent. J. Gibbons Livingston. John Skinner.

Thomas Jones.

W. H. Wardley. George Gibb.

W. Ellis.

Candido J. Ozorio.

GILBERT, J., surgeon, Hongkong, GILLESPIE, C. V., Canton,

GILMAN & Co., Canton and Hongkong

R. J. Gilman, c

Levin Josephs. c

W. H. Vacher. c

J. Williams. c

A. J. Young, c

George de St. Croix. c Aug. Hudson, Hongkong A. A. da Rocha,

GRISWOLD, JOHN N. ALSOP,, Canton,

H. H. Warden.

HART, C. H., Macao,

HASTING & Co., WILLIAM, Canton,

William Hasting.

James Whitall.

John Bellamy.

HEARD & Co., Augustine,, Canton,

Augustine Heard, Boston. George B. Dixwell.

John Heard.

Joseph L Roberts.

C. A. Fearon, Shánghải. William Gilbert. C. H. Brinley.

Domingos P. Marquis.

HEEJEEBHOY Ardaseer & Co.

Heerjeebhoy Hormusjee.

Ardaseer Rustomjee.

Cursetjee Hosenjee.

Eduljée Curretjee

HEGAN & Co. Hongkong and Canton.

Joseph Hegan, England. William Gillman, England. Augustus Carter.

William Ward Brown. Ferdinand Blass.

Samuel Hill.

O. E. Muller. Joze de Britto.

HENDERSON, WATSON & CO.

C. P. Henderson, Manchester. J. P. Watson.

S. Mackenzie.

A. Thorne,

HOLGATE, H., surgeon, Whampoa, HOLLIDAY, WISE & Co., Hong and C. R. J. Farbridge, England. John Holliday, John Wise., Canton, Roger Jackson,

99

William Pyke. Thomas Pyke. Charles Waters,

J. Shepard. c

Shánghái.

99

"

19

Charles E. Bateson. c

S. K. Brabner, c

HOLMES, JOHN, Horgkong,

HOLMES & BIGHAM, Hongkong,

HONGKONG REGISTER, Newspaper,Hong.

John Cairns, Editor,

Antonio H. Carvalho,

Joze H. Carvalho, Cepriano do Rozario,

HONG KONG Dispengary,

Peter Young,

Samuel Marjoribanks, Canton, K. M Kennedy,

James H. Young, Jozino da Roza, Florencio de Souza, A. de Souza, Canton,

HORMURJEE Franjer.

  Rustomjee Byramjee. Cursetjee Rustomjee. Pestoujee Dinshaw.

HORMOJEE, B. & N.

Burjorjee Hormojee.

HUGHESDON & Co., Canton,

Charles Hughesdon.

Henry Rutter.

William Rutter.

HUNT, T., Whampoa,

James Crooke & Massey., Caxton,

James Crooke.

George Massey, Calcutta.

John Y. Cuvillier.

William K. Snodgrass.

JAMIESON, How & Co., Hong, and C.

J. F. Edger.

  G. Jamieson, Glasgoro. John Gifford, Calcutta.

Alexander Walker.

Richard Rothwell.

Jardine Matheson & Co., Hong. C.

127

Alexander Matheson, England. Donald Matheson, Hongkong, David Jardipe, Canton,' Joseph Jardine. k

A. Grant Dallas, Shúngkái.

J. A. Baretto. A

J. C. Bowring. k J. B. Compton. k John Currie. h Duncan Forbes, Amoy John A. Goddard, A James Grant, k Augustus Howell. A William W. Maciver. h M. A. Macleod. k Alex. W. McPherson. h C. Matheson, Shanghái. W. F. Matheson. A John T. Mounsey.c Joze M. d' Outeiro. A Floriano A. Rangel, k ́ R, H. Rolfe. c Albino P. Silveira. c C. F. Still. A

C. Wills, Shinghái.

JUST, Jr., L. absent, Hongkong, Douglass Lapraik.

F. Sanders, absent.

JUST, L., Hongkong.

Kennedy Macgregor & Co., Canton,

David Kennedy, England. A. C. Macgregor, Englund, George C. Bruce.

H. R. Hardie.

John Rae.

KENNY, B., surgeon, Canton, Florencin do Rozario,

Lane, WillIAM.

LANE, ROWLAND & Co., •Hongkong. Thomas Ash Lane, absent, Thomas H. Rowland.

Lindsay & Co., Hongkong and Canton H. H. Lindsay, England, Crawford Kerr, absent, Walter Davidson,

W. Fryer, H. Dundas. T. Buxton. W. Hogg,

Angelo Barradas, B. dos Remedios,

LOWRIE, ROBERT, Hongkong, Lyall, GeorgE,

Candido Ozorio,

MACLEAN, Dearie & Co.

R. H Hunter, Calcutta. Robert Eglinton, England. Charles Dearie, A. C. Maclean, Calcutta. H. McEwen,

"

Frank Duncan, Bombay. R. R. Culvert.

H. C. Read

K: F. Thorburn. J. L Maclean. Jehengeer Framjee.

MACKAY & Co., Hongkong. Hugh Mackay.

Andrew Dixson.

William Bowden.

MACKNIGHT, T., Hongkong,

MACMURRAY & Co., Hongkong, James MacMurray, Frederick Woods, MACSWYNEY, P. C., Hongkong, barris-

ter at law,

MACVICAR & Co., Hongkong and Can. John Macvicar, England. D. L. Burn, England. Gilbert Smith. A

-

Thomas D. Neave, c W. C. LeGeyt. h Henry Fessenden. h H. H. Kennedy, Sháng. Thomas S. Smith, h T. C Piccope. c John Fergusson. h E. Gibson, Shanghải. Joaquim de Campos.

128

Francisco Grandpre. k

MACEWEN & Co., Hongkong.

Alexander Wilson.

Archibald Dunlop, Canton, Samuel Gray,

OSWALD DISANT & Co. Hongkong,

Richard Oswald,

Henry Lind,

Moolah Shaiktyab Furjullabhoy||PATTULLO, S. E.

W. F. Ross,

MAHOMEDELLY MOTABHOY,

MEADOWS, John A. T., Canton,

Moolah Shajkbraim Nooroodeen!

MORRISON, J. G. Hongkong,

MOSSES, A. R. B.

MOUL & Co., HENRY,

Henry Moul.

John Silverlock.

George Moul.

Alfred Moul.

MUNSELL, J. E, Canton,

MURROW & Co., Hongkong and Canton

Y. J. Murrow.c

Johannes Leffler. k Charles W. Murray. h W. N. Piccope. c

L. E. Murrow.c

NESSERWANJEE CAMAJEE & Co., P & D

Pestonjee Nowrojee Pochawjee Dorabjee Nesserwanjee Camaje Hormusjee Nesserwanjee Poch Nesserwanjee Byramjee Fackeerajee. Nesserwanjee Framjee. Aspendarjee Tamoojee. NEWMAN, E., Hongkong,

NOOR MAHOMET DHALOOBHOY & CO.

Thawerbhoy Atlam. Nanjeebhoy Hassam. Mahomed Thawar. Careem Mawjee.

NYE, PARKIN & Co., Canton,

Gideon Nye, jr. absent. W. W. Parkin. Clement D. Nye. T. S. H. Nye.

J. P. Van Loffelt. Timothy J. Durrell. J. Kreyenhagen. A. V. Baretto. E. C. H. Nye.

OLYPHANT & Co., Canton,

W. H. Morss.

R. P. Dana.

James A Bancker.

F. A. King

David O. King.

R. H. Douglass, Shánghái

Oriental Bank, Hongkong §. Canton.

C. J. F. Stewart, Hongkong, HP. Buro,

David Scrymgeour,

James MacEwen,

F. J. Augier.

Jozé M. de Noronha.

S. E. Patullo,

R. McGregor.

PENINSULAR AND ORIENTAL STEAM

NAVIGATION COMPANY, Hongkong.

J. A. Olding, Agent.

Frederick Cooper.

PESTONJEE FRAMJEE CAMA & Co.

Maneckjee Nauabhoy.

Rustomjee Framjee.

Bomanjee Muncherjee. Linjeebhoy Jemsetjee.

Merwanjee Pestonjee.

Cowasjee Pestonjee.

PHILLIPS MOORE & Co., Hongkong.

J. Phillips.

E Cohen.

M. Samson. A Lewis.

T. J. Birdscye.

||POPE, JOHN, Hongkong,

PURVER, J. P., Whampoa, PUSTAU & Co., W. Hongkong & Can.

William Pustau, c

S. Dellevie, h

Edmund Cramer, c

H: Hilikes. h

RATHBONES WORTHINGTON & Co. C.

William Rathbone, jr. England. S. G. Rathbone, absent.

James Worthington.

Thomas Moncreiff, Shánghái.

F. Duval.

C. Maltby, Shinghái. Domingos P. Simoens.

RAWLE DUUS & Co., Hongkong.

S. B. Rawle.

N. Daus.

John Willaume.

William D. Leives.

João Barretto. Ignacio P. Pereira. João de Jesus.

REYNVAAN & Co., Macao.

H. G Reynvaan.

RICKETT, JOHN, Hongkong, RIPLEY, SMITH & Co., Canton,

Timothy Smith, England. Philips W. Ripley.

H. H. Smith.

Robert Ellice.

RITCHIE & Co., A. A., Canton,

A. A. Ritchie.

H. M. Olmsted.

C. F. Howe.

RIPLEY, & Co., Thomas, Shánghái,

Thomas Ripley, England. Charles Shaw, Shônghii.

J. H. Winch, Shanghải. Joseph Bland,

"

129

James Lomax, Hongkong

ROBERTS, O. E., Canton, Rowe & COOPER, Whumpoa, RUSSELL & Co., Canton,

Paul S. Forbes. Edward Delano, W. H. King. George Perkins.

E. A. Law.

S. J. Hallam.

F. Reiche.

G. Meredith.

Segismundo J. Rangel.

Jaime Rangel. W. P. Peirce, s R. S. Sturgis, 8 E. Cunningham, s James Crampson, # RUSTOMJEE & Co., D. & M.

Dadabhoy Rustomjee, Bombay, Maneckjee Rustomjee, Calcutta, Meerwanjee Jejeeboy, Bombay,

Dhunjeebhoy Byramjee. Dadabhoy Byrainjee. Jamoojee Nusserwanjee. Jamsetjee Eduljee. Fortunato F. Marques. Dadabhoy Hosungjee. Muncherjee Eduljee.

Nasserwanjee Ardaseer.

RUSTOMJEE RuttonJee,

Dhunjeebhoy Ruttonjce,

Lauriano F. V. Ribeiro.

19

STRACHAN, GEORGE, Hongkong, STRACHAN, ROBERT, ||Stewart, Patrick, Macao.

STURGIS, J P. Macho. Sword & Co., JOHN D., Canton,

John D. Sword,

John B. Trott.

Tiers, Bourne & Co., Canton,

H. F. Bourne,

R. P. De Silver.

James P. Rousseau. H. T. De Silver,

TOBY, C., Whampoa,

TURNER & Co., Hongkong and Canton,

Thomas W. L. Mackean. Eng. Patrick Dudgeon. c

John Stewart. h

Alexander McCulloch, s Duncan J. Kay, h

John H. Cannan. A C. Wilson, Shangkái. E. H. Levin, k Henry Smith. A E. N. Snow, h W. Walkinshaw. h William R. Roose. A H. S. Horsburgh. k

João de Jesus. A

Van Basel, M. J. Sess, Canton,

A.P. Tromp,

T. D. Bulsing,

T. B. Rodrigues.

Vander Burg RomswincreL & Co. C.

P. Tiedeman jr.

F. H. Tiedeman.

D. Vander Burg, jr.

RUTTONJEE HORMUSJEE CAMAJKE & CO. VAUCHER, E., Canton,

P. H. Camajec,

D H. Camajee,

R. H. Camajee,

Maneckjee Cooverjee,

SAYRE, JR., Joy, Canton,

SCOTT, & Co., WILLIAM, Hongkong,

William Scott.

Adam Scott

Candido Gutierres.

SEARE & Co., Benjamin, Canton,

Benjamin Seare,

J. L. Man.

SERWEMANN, D. W.

William Dryer,

SMITH, JOHN, Macuo.

Marcellino de Souza. Braz de Almeida. Honorio Marçal.

SMITH & BRIMELOW, Hongkong.

James Smith.

James W. Brimelow.

Joseph Thomas Glew.

VICTORIA DISPENSARY, Hongkong,

Thomas Hunter,

George K. Barton,

João Braga,

Valentin de Nogueira,

WATERHOUSE & Co, B, Shúngh÷i, WATSON T. BOSWELL, Surgeon, Macao, WEISS, CHARLES, Hongkong,

WELCH & STOCKER, druggists, Hong- D. Barnard. H. Tyndale.

WETMORE & Co, Canton,

W. S Wetmore, New York. S Wetmore, jr. New York. Nathaniel Kinsman. William Moore,

G. H. Lamson. Thomas Gittins. William H. Gilman. Jacob C. Rogers.

Manoel Simoens. Arnaldo Botelho.

130

INSURANCE OFFICES IN CHINA.

Offices.

Limits.

Agents.

Calcutta Insurance Office,.

$40,000

Asiatic Marine Insurance Office.

50,000

Macvicar & Co.

Bombay Commercial Insur. Society ....

45,000

Imperial Fire Insur. Office London..

Canton Insurance Office..........

100,000

Bombay Insurance Society

60,000

Bengal Insurance Society.

60,000

Reliance Marine Insurance Office.

30,000

Hope Insurance Company....

25,000

› Jardine, Matheson & Co.

Alliance Fire Assurance Company of

London..

first class risk £10,000

second do.

8,000

Dirom, Gray & Co.

India Insurance Company of Calcutta $45,000

India and China Marine Insurance

Office of Calcutta........................

Sun Insurance Office of Calcutta. Hindostan Insurance Society.... Bombay Royal Exchange Insurance(r)

Company.

Gilman & Co.

D. & M. Rustomjee &Co.

Western India Insurance Society... Amicable Insurance Office of Calcutta

30,000

Ocean Marine Insurance Company

Murrow & Co.

of Calcutta..

25,000

Phoenix Marine Insurance Company.

40,000

Union Insurance Society of Canton.

75,000

Tropic Insurance Company.

50,000

Calcutta Insurance Company

50,000

Dent & Co.

Bombay Insurance Company.

40,000

Forbes & Co.'s C. Insur. Fund.

20,000

Universal' Marine Insur. of Calcutta.

25,000

Wetmore & Co.

Alliance Insurance Company of Cal-

cutta'.

·Russell & Co.

Oriental Insur. Company of Calcutta.

Atlas Insurance Office of Calcutta.. London Assurance House...

75,000

Bell & Co.

Dent, Beale & Co.

MEDICAL MISSIONARY SOCIETY IN CHINA.

THIS was originated in October 1836, and first organized in Fe- bruary 1838. For the last year or two, some unhappy differences of opinion, among its officers, have prevented that complete co- operation which is especially desirable in all benevolent institutions. Still it is satisfactory to know, that the labors of the Society are continued, and with the most happy results. Hospitals, under its direction, have been established at Canton, Hongkong, Macao, Amoy, Ningpo, and Shánghái; at all of which places, with one ex- ception, they are now continued. It is ardently wished that the same unanimity, which formerly existed, may soon again be wit- nessed in the operations of this excellent Institution.

      The printed Reports of the Hospitals afford ample and pleasing proofs of their great and widely extended benefits, enjoyed already by several tens of thousands in various parts of the Chinese empire. The hospitals have been under the care of-

Dr. Parker,

Dr. Hobson,

Dr. Hepburn,

at Canton;

at Hongkong (now absent); at Amoy (now absent);

Dr. Macgowan, at Ningpo;

Dr. Lockhart, at Shanghai.

CHINA MEDICO-CHIRURGICAL SOCIETY,

At Hongkong.

     This was established in Hongkong, May 1845, and its Transac- tions have been published in a small volume, comprising a variety of interesting documents. We have no complete list of its officers.

GEORGE K. BARTON, Esq., Secretary.

SEAMEN'S HOSPITAL AT HONGKONG.

W. A. HARLAND, M. D., house surgeon.

Gilbert Smith, Esq.

Trustees.

Donald Matheson, Esq. Frederick T. Bush, Esq

Peter Young, Esq.

132

A Society for the relief of destitute sick foreigners, in China, has been organized at Hongkong. The Committee of management,

Rev. V. Stanton, secretary.

John Stewart, Esq.

Lt. William Pedder,

John Carr, Esq.

Frederick T. Bush, Esq.

William F. Bevan, Esq.

MORRISON EDUCATION SOCIETY.

Office-bearers for the year ending September 1847.

-H. E. Sir J. F. Davis, bart. &c., &c., Patron.

Rev. E. C. Bridgman, D. D. President. A. Campbell, Esq., Vice-president. D. Matheson, Esq., Treasurer.

C. B. Hillier, Esq., Corresponding Secretary.

J. Stewart, Esq., Recording Secreta y. J. Dent, and W. H. Morss, Esqs., Auditors.

   The following are the Minutes of its last general meeting, held in Hongkong, September, 1846.

The Eighth Annual Meeting of the Members and Friends of the MORRISON EDUCATION SOCIETY was held at 6 r. м. on the 30th September, 1846.

   Present, The Rev. Dr. Bridgman, the Rev. Messrs. Stanton, Milne, and Cleland, Lieuts. Tod and Davis, Messrs. D. Matheson, C. J. F. Stuart, Shortrede, Parker, Cairns, Olding, Balfour, Gilbert, Bird, Inglis, Howell, and others.

   The President, the Rev. Dr. Bridgman, having, in a brief address, noticed the improved prospects of the Institution, and touched on the loss it had so recently sustained by the much regretted death of Dr. Dill, one of its most active officers, the several Reports annex- ed were read to the Meeting; after which the following Resolutions were carried without dissent, short and appropriate remarks having been made by each proposer :-

1. Proposed by the Rev. W. C. Milne, seconded by Dr. Balfour, That the Reports just read be accepted and published under the direction of the Trustees.

2. By J. Cairns, Esq., seconded by Dr. Gilbert,-That the collec tion of Annual Subscriptions and Donations be made as soon as the Annual Report shall have been printed.

133

     3. By the Rev. V. Stanton, seconded by A. Shortrede, Esq.,- That, as it has become necessary, on account of Mrs. Brown's pro- tracted illness, for Mr. Brown to leave China for a time, the Society request the Trustees to commission him, as their accredited agent, to collect funds, during his absence, for the enlargement and per- manent maintenance of the Morrison Education Society's School.

In accordance with the above, the Rev. Mr. Brown has been com- missioned, as will be seen by the following circular letter.

"THIS Society was organized at Canton on 9th of November, 1836, under the direction of a Provisional Committee, consisting of Sir G. B. Robinson, Bart., Messrs. William Jardine, Lancelot Dent, D. W. C. Olyphant, J. R. Morrison, and the Rev. E. C. Bridgman.

"It was named in honour of the late Rev. Robert Morrison, D. D., the first Protestant Missionary to China, who furnished the most valuable key to the Chinese language yet extant, and whose labours as a missionary, Oriental scholar, and servant of his Government are so well known throughout Chris tendom; and it was formed with a view to carry out one branch of the great work to which he had devoted his life.

"The object of the Institution is to establish and support schools in Chi- na, in which native youths shall be taught, in connection with their own, the English language, so as to open to them the stores of knowledge of which it is the repository, and at the same time, by sound religious training and in- struction, to raise them to the rank of enlightened Christian men.

                                         It is the belief of those most conversant with the state of things in this country, that the hope of civilizing and evangelizing the Chinese can in no way be realiz ed so speedily as by conjoining a vigorous system of educational efforts with the ordinary means of propagating the gospel. The agency to affect the mass- es of this populous empire, and to produce any great and desirable change among a people so far civilized, but yet pagan, must be chiefly a native agency. To prepare this from among the young men of the conntry, is the great aim of the MORRISON EDUCATION SOCIETY. It does not propose to give them a professional education, but a general one, which shall serve to qualify them for the spheres of action for which they may be fitted, whether by their abilities or their principles. To this end, it has, during the last seven years, carried on its operations through a school, which, since the Peace of 1842, has been established at Hongkong. Here native boys have been collected, and while enjoying the privileges of a Christian family, have, besides studying the Chinese, been particularly instructed in the English language, through which they have been made acquainted with Western science and history, but especially have learned to read the Sacred Scriptures, and have been daily taught the way of life.

*

The difficulty of obtaining teachers, and the interruptions peculiar and

134

inevitable to new undertakings, with the obstacles arising from the jealousy of the Chinese people, formerly rendered it necessary to work upon a limited scale. But now two foreign teachers are employed by the Society, and in future efficient and valuable assistance in the department of instruction may be derived from the pupils who have completed their course. The prejudices which at first prevented parents from sending their children to the school, and often led them to withdraw them in the midst of their studies, are rapidly declining, and already applications for admission are more numerous than the state of the funds will admit. This change furnishes to the Society a strong reason for extending its operations. Instead of thirty pupils, to which the School has hitherto been limited, there should be at least twice the number. But to accommodate them, it is necessary that the Society's building be enlarged, the space it affords being scarcely enough for the present mem- bers of the school. The annual expenditure of the Society now amounts to about $4000. To enlarge the building will require an outlay of about $5000 (£1000), after which the increased expense of the Society will be about $6000 (£1200) per annum. Of this sum nearly $1000 are now provided for by a Fund; and the remaining $5000 must be supplied by Yearly Subscrip- tions and Donations, or by establishing a Fund of about $75,000, or £15,000. "To call upon the few residents in China, who have hitherto borne the whole burden of the Institution, to contribute this amount, would be too severe a tax upon their benevolence, and the Society now "look to the enlightened and liberal in other countries to co-operate with them."

"The Rev. S. R. Brown, who has had the charge of the School since its establishment, is commissioned to receive such Sums as the benevolent in England and America may be disposed to give.

"The vastness of the work proposed by the Society, the condition of the 360,000,000 of idolaters in China, the facilities for the diffusion of Christian knowledge among them, which, since the late war, have been greatly in- creased, the growing eagerness with which admission into the School is now sought, the inadequacy of the existing means to meet these demands, and the reciprocal obligations of those nations that derive so much advantage from their trade with this country,-all call upon the Christians and philan- thropists of England and America to lend their aid to so good a work.

   "From this school the merchant may obtain honest and trustworthy assis- tants, foreign governments able and educated interpreters, and especially it is hoped that here Missionary Societies will find helpers prepared to their hand, in active, intelligent young men, who, with the true spirit of the Gospel, nurtured and strengthened by constant familiarity with Christian observances will be ready to carry the message of life to their countrymen.

E. C. BRIDGMAN,

"President of the Morrison Education Society

"A. CAMPBELL, Vice-President.

"Victoria, Hongkong, December 12th, 1846,"

135

CHRISTIAN MISSIONS IN CHINA.

      The Roman Catholics have missions in nearly all the provinces: but we have not the means of giving the exact number of those con- nected with them; as an approximation to the truth, it may be stated, that they have (See Chi. Rep. June, 1846.)

of

12 Bishops;

8 Coadjutors;

60 European priests;

90 Native priests ;

350,000 Baptized members.

The Protestant Missions are comparatively of recent origin and

very limited extent, as the subjoined statements will show: they have been undertaken by the following societies.

1. The London Missionary Society;

2. Netherlands Missionary Society;

3. The Rhenish Missionaty Society;

4. The American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions; 5. The American Baptist Board of Foreign Missions;

6. The American Episcopal Board of Foreign Missions;

7. The London Church Morary Society;

8. The American Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions; 9. The English General Baptist Missionary Society.

A list of the Protestant Missionaries to the Chinese.

Name:

Rev. Robert Morrison, D. D. Rev. William Milne, D. D. Rev. W. H. Medhurst, D. D.

Entered; Retired; Died;

1807

1834

1813

1821

Societies; London mis society, london mis society,

Statione Canton. Malacca.

1817

Rev. John Slater,

1817 1823

Rev. John Ince,

1818

Rev. Samuel Milton,

Rev. Robert Fleming,

1818 1825

1820 1823

london mis society, london mis society,

1825 london mis society, london mis society, london mis society,

Shanghai. Batavia. Penang. Singapore. Malacca. Malacca.

Rev. James Humphreys,

Rev. David Collie,

1822 1830 À 2 1832

• london mis society,

1828

london mis society,

Malacca.

Rev. Samuel Kidd,

1824 1832

london mis society,

Malacca.

Rev. John Smith,

1826 1829

london mis society,

Malacca.

Rev. Jacob Tomlin,

1826 1836

london mis society,

Singapore.

Rev. Samuel Dyer,

1827

1843 london mis society,

Rev. Charles Gutzlaff,

1820

Rev. E. C. Bridgman, D. D.

1824

Rev. David Abeel,

1830

Rev. Herman Rottger,

1832

Rev. John Evans,

1833

1841

Rev. Ira. Tracy,

1833 1846

Mr. S. Wells Williams,

1833

Rev. Stephan Johnson,

1833

Rev. Samuel Munson,

1833

1831

Rev. Peter Parker, M. D.

1834

Rev. William Dean,

1831

Neth mis society, A b c f missions, a b c f missions, Rhenish mis society, london mis society,

a b c f missions,

a b c f missions,

a b c f missions, a b c f missions, a b f missions, a b bf missions,

Amoy. Rhio.

Malacca. Singapore. Canton. Fuhchau. India Archi Canton. Hongkong.

Penang. China. Canton.

..

136

Rev. Edwin Stevens,

1835

1857

a b c f missions,

Rev. Henry Lockwood,

1835 1838

a e bf missions,

Rev. F. R. Hanson,

1835 1837

a e bf missions,

Rev. Evan Davies,

1835 1839

Rev. Samuel Wolfe,

1835

Rev. William Young,

1835

Rev. J. L. Shuck,

1836

Rev. Alanson Reed,

1836

1839

Rev. J. J. Roberts,

1836

Rev. J. T. Dickinson,

1837 1840

Rev. M. B. Hope, M. D.

1837 1838

Rev. Stephen Tracy, M. D.

1837 1839

a b c f missions,

Rev. Elihu Doty,

1837

a b c f missions,

Rev. Elbert Nevius,

1837 1843

Rt. Rev. Bp. W. J. Boone, D. D. 1837

Rev. Alexander Stronach,

1838

Rev. John Stronach,

1837

Mr. E. B. Squire,

1838 1840

a b c f missions, a e bf missions, london mis society, london mis society, church mis society,

london mis society,

1837 london mis society, london inis society, a b bf missions, abb f missions, a b b f missions, a bt f missions, a b c f missions,

Amoy. Canton. Bangkok. Canton. Singapore. Singapore. Siam. Amoy. Borneo.

Canton.

Batavia.

Batavia.

Penang.

Singapore.

Shanghai.

Amoy.

Amoy.

Macao.

Rev. Dyer Ball, M. D.

1838

a b c f missions.

Canton.

Rev. George W. Wood,

1838 1840

a b c f missions,

Singapore.

Rev. William J. Pohlman,

1838

a b c f missions,

Amoy.

William Lockhart, M. R. C. 8.

1838

london mis society,

Shanghai.

Rev. Robert W. Orr,

1838 1841

american presb board,

Singapore.

Rev. John A. Mitchell,

1838

1838 american presb board,

Singapore.

Rev. S. R. Brown,

1839

mor ed society

Hongkong.

Rev. Josiah T. Goddard,

1839

a b b f missions,

Bangkok.

Rev. Nathan S. Benham.

1839

Rev. Lyman B. Peet,

1839

William Diver, M. D.

1839 1841

  Rev. James Legge, D. D. Rev. Wiliam C. Milne, Benjamin Hobson, M. D.

1839

1839

1839

1840 a b c f missions, a b c f missions, a b c f missions, london inis society, london mis society, london mis society,

Bangkok.

Canton. Macao. Hongkong.

Shanghai.

Hongkong.

Rev. Thomas L. McBryde,

1840 1843

american presb board,

Amoy.

James Hepburn, M. D.

1841

american presb board,

Amoy.

Rev. W. M. Lowrie,

1842

american presb board,

Ningpo.

W. H. Cumming, M. D.

1842

Amoy.

Daniel J. Macgowan, M. D.

1843

a b b f missions,

Ningpo.

Rev. James G. Bridgman,

1844

a b c f missions

Canton.

Mr. Richard Cole,

1844

american presb board,

Ningpo.

D. B. M'Cartee, M. D.

1844

american presb board,

Ningpo.

Rev. R. Q. Way,

1844.

american presb board,

Ningpo.

Rev. T. T. Devan, M. D.

1844

a b b f missions,

Hongkong.

Rev. W. Gillespie,

1844

london mis society,

Hongkong.

Rev. John Lloyd,

1844

american presb board,

Amoy.

Rev. A. P. Happer, M. D.

1844

american presh board,

Macao.

Rev. M. S. Culbertson,

1844

american presb board,

Ningpo.

Rev. A. W. Loomis,

1844

american presb board,

Ningpo.

Rev. George Smith,

Rev. Thomas M'Clatchie,

1844 1846 1844

church mis society,

Hongkong.

church mis society,

Shanghai.

Rev. H. W. Woods, (April 24) 1845

1846

a e bf missions,

Shanghai.

Rev. R. Graham,

do.

1845 184

a e bf missions,

Shanghai.

Rev. Edward W. Syle,

1845

a e bf missions.

Shanghai.

Rev. Hugh B. Brown,

1845

american presb board,

Amoy.

Rev. Thomas H. Hudson,

1845

english gen b m soc

Ningpo.

Rev. William Jarrom,

1845

english gen b m soc

Ningpo.

Mr. S. W. Bonney,

1845

a b c f missions,

Canton.

Rev. E. N. Jenks,

Rey. S. C. Clopton, Rev. George Pearcy,

1846

a b b f missions,

Bangkok.

1846

a b b f missions,

Canton.

1846

a b b f missions,

Canton.

Rev.

Shear

1549 and fenton

Rev.

"

"

"

"

Carpenter - 1847 = 723. Baptists Shaughan Warden 1847 Lood_1849 - N. Bok. Soc. Ningpo. 1847- £. Bapt. & Shaugher

Miste

1847-A. Meth Fuchów

" - Collins

Talmade

Roester

Genacher

1847-

u. P. D. Spalding 1847 Ehris Beard. Shanghai

1847 A B.6. Fielle. Any.

1847- Rhewish Lay- M. Kong 1847-

"

Yates

Johnson 1847-S. Bastel-

1847 S. Baptist -

banton

Dr. James

1847

"

Shanghai

Mif

Swedish

Sillmez 18417.

Ningpo

3.14

"

LIST OF Foreign RESIDENTS IN CIHNA.

N. B. It has been found impossible to note, with perfect accuracy, the place of residence of all the foreigners in China; in the following list care has been taken to include the names of all except those connected with the British army and navy; if any have been omitted, it has been unintentional.

Abdalah David Sassoon,

Abercrombie, H. H.

Adnams, J.,

C

b

|Bird, Alexander Birdseye, T. J.

8

h

Birley, F. B.,

C

C

Bland, James

Blass, Ferdinand

Aga Mirza Boozrug,

Aga Mohomed.

Aga Mirza Boozrug,

Agabeg, C.

Agassiz, Arthur

Alcock, R. and family

Alexander, W.

Almeida, Braz de

Anderson, J. A.

Anderson, D.,

Ardaseer Rustomjee,

Ardaseer Furdonjee. Aspendarjee Tainoojee,

Aspinall, jr. Richard

Blenkin, William Bomanjee Eduljec.

Bomanjee Muncherjec. Bonney, S. W.

Boone, Bp. and family Botelho, Arnaldo

h

m

B

Bourne, H. F.

c

Bovet, Louis

Bovet, Fritz

Boustend, Edward

Bowden, William

Bowman, Abram Bowman, Janies Bowman, John Bowman,

A.

Aspinall, William G.

Augier, F. J.

8

Azevedo, Luiz M. de

$

+Backhouse, J.

Bowring, J. C.

Badenoch, P.,

Bowra, C. W.

Balfour, A. H.

Bowra, W. A.

Balkwell, Henry

❤Ball, Rev. D. and family

-Bancker, James A

Brabner, S. K.

Braga, João

C

h

Braga, Manoel

Baptista, João Severo

Barmore, George

Barnard, D.

8

Braine, Charles J.

b

Bridgman, Rev. E. C. and fam. c-

Bridgman, Rev. James G.

Brinelow, James W.

C

h

с

Barnes, D. J.,

Barnet, George,

Barnet, William

Barradas, Angelo

Barradas, Francisco

Brinley, C. H.

Britto, Joze de

Brooks, Robertson

h

8

Brooksbank, John

h

Barradas, Vicente

Brown, William Ward

C

Barretto, João

Brown, W.

h

Barretto, A. V.

C

Brown, Rev. S. R. and family_ab.~

Barretto, J. A.

Brown, W. W.

8

Barros, Francisco A.

u

Barton, George K. Bateson, Charles E. Baylis, N.

Beale, Thomas Chay Benjamin Eliah. Bevan, William F. Bellamy, Jolin

Brown, Rev. H. A

Bruce, George C. Bruce, Murdock (Buchanan, J. C. Buckton, Charles, Burton, C., Bugnon, Alexis Bulsing, T D.

W

C

-Bull, Isaac M.

Burd, John

  Burg, jr., D. Vander Burgess, E. N. Burjorjee Hormojee, Burjorjee Sorabjee. Burjorjee Pestonjee, Burn, H. P. Bush, F. T.

  Burton, Edward Butt, John

Buxton, T.

Byramjee, Rustomjee

Caesar, C. A.,

138

C

Cowasjee Sapoorjee Lungrana. c Cramer, Edmund Crampson, James Crawford, Ninian Croix, George de St. Croix, N. de St. Crooke, James

Croom, Alexander F. Crockanthorp, R. H.

Cruz, Felix F. de

m

Culbertson, Rev. M. S. and fam. n

Culvert, R. R.

Cumming, W. H.,

Cunningham, E.

C

Caine, Hon. Major

Currie, John

-Cairns, John

Cursetjee Pestonjee Cama.

C

Calder, Alexander

Cursetjee Hosenjee,

c

Caldas, Joaquim P.

h

Cuvillier, John Y.

C

Caldwell, D. R.

D'Agiular, Hon. G.

Camajee, P. H.

Camajee, D. H.

Dadabhoy Byramjee.

с

Dadabhoy Hosungjee.

C

Camajee, R. H.

Dadabhoy Burjorjee.

Campbell, Archibald absent.

Dadabhoy Eduljee.

h

Campbell, A.

Campbell, A. E. H.

Campbell, Hon. C. B;

Campos, Joaquim de

Cannan, John H.

EVADA

h

Carlowitz, Richard

c

-Carr, John

h

Carter, Augustus

c

Carvalho, Antonio H.

h'

Carvalho, Joze H.

h

Castro, L. d'Almada e

I'

Castro, J. d'Alınada e

Cay, R. D.

Chalmers, Patrick

Chapman, A.

Chomley, Francis C.

Clark, Č. G.

Cleverly, Capt. and family

Cleverly, C. St. G.

B

Dixson; Andrew

--Clopton, Rev. S. C. and fam.

c

Cohen, E:

h

Cohen, S. H.

Cole, Richard and family

8

n

Collins, James, and family

h

Comelte, J. G.

Compton, J. B.

h

Compton, Charles S.

с

Compton, S.

9

Dossabhoy Hormusjce,

Comstock, W. O.,

C

Conner, William'

Dryer, William

Cooper, Frederick

h

Drinker, W.

Cooper, James

8

Dudgeon, Patrick

Cooverjee Bomanjec.

c

Duddell, G.

Dadabhoy Jemsetjee. Dale, T. Dale, W. W. Dalziel; W.

Dallas, A. Grant Dana, R. P. Davis, Sir J. F. Davidson, Walter David Scrymgeour, Dawood Moses. Dean, Rev. W. Delano, Edward Dent, Wilkinson Dent, John Dellevie, S. Devan; Rev. T. T. Dickinson, Henry

Dixson, Andrew

Dinshaw, Pestonjee Dixwell, George B. Dhunjeebhoy Byramjee. Dhunjeebhoy Ruttonjee, Dhurjeebhoy Dadabhoy. Dhunjeebhoy Hormusjee, Dhunjeebhoy Rustomjee,

h

C

h

C

C

C

C

Dorabjee Nesserwanjee Camaje, c

Douglass, R. H.

8

B

C

h

c

h

Cortella, Antonio M.

h

Dundas, H.

Cowasjce Pestonjee.

C

Dunlop, Archibald

C

Cowasjee Palunjee

C

Dunjeebloy Framjee Cama.

h

Cowasjee Framjce.

C

Duping, C.

h.

Durran, jr., J. A. Durran, Adhemar

Durrell, Timothy J.

Duus, N.

Duval, F.

Edger, J. F. and family

Eduljee Cursetjee,

Edwards, R.

Eliaoo David Sassoon.

Ellice, Robert

Ellis, W.

Emery, W.

Empson, C.

Encarnação, Antonio L.

Everett, H. E. A. H. and family m

Farncomb, E.

Farquhar, W. C.

m

m

с

EECHGG VEDIVA " A § 4 "

c

139

Gonsolves, Antonio

Graham, Rev. R. and family Grant, James

|Grandpré, Francisco

|Grandpré, Alexandre

Graves, P.

Gray, Samuel

Gray, H. M. M.

Gray, A.

Griswold, John N. Alsop,

Gutierres, Candido

Gutierres, J.

Gutzlaff, Rev. C. and family

h

Hance, H. J.

h

Hanisson, G. E.

h

Hagne, P.

n

8

Hallam, S. J.

с

Fearon, S.

absent

Hale, F. H.

Fearon, C. A.

Fergusson, John

Findlay, George

Fessenden, Henry

Fischer, Maximilian and famliy

Fittock, W. H.

CHAH VA

Hardie, H. R.

h

h

h

Harker, Henry Robert

Harkort, Bernhard

Happer, Rev. A. P.

Harrison, G. E.

Hart, C. H.,

m h

m

Fletcher, Angus

absent

Harvey, F. E.

Fletcher, Duncan k

Fonceca, Antonio de

h

Heard, John

Forbes, Duncan

-Ford, Martin

Fogg, H.

Forbes, Paul S. and family

Framjee, Nesserwanjee

C

Hertslet, F. L.

Hasting, William

Heerjeebhoy Hormusjee,

Hesherington, John

Heskesh, Hy.

Hey, William

Framjee Hormusjee,

Heyl, W. S.

Framjee Sapoorjee Lungrana.

Hilikes, H.

Framjee Hormurjee,

Franklyn, W. H.

C

Hill, Samuel

h h

C

Fraser, G.

Freemantle, E.

Fryer, A. H.

-Funck, F.

Gibb, George

Garçon, João

CABALLG

b

h

Hodgson, J.

Hogg, W.

h

h

Holgate, H.

h

Holmes, John,

Gibb, T. A.

absent.

Gibb, John D.

Gibbs, Richard

Hillier, C. B. and family

|Holdforth, C. G.

Hormusjee Nesserwanjee Poch, c

Hormusjee Jamasjee Nauhders.

Hormusjce, Pestonjee

Horsburgh, H. S.

C

h

h

W

b

Gilbert, J.,

Gilbert, William

Gibson, E.

Gibson, Edmund

.h

Howe, C. F.

C

Howell, Augustus

Hubertson, G. F.

¡Hudson, Rey. T. H. and fam.

in

Giles, E. F.

Gilman, R. J.

Gilman, William H. Gilman, R. J.

-Gillespie, C. V. and family

Gillespie, Rev. W. Gingell, W. R. Gittins, Thomas

Glew, Joseph Thomas Goddard, W. H., Goddard, John A.

GCHAN

Hudson, Aug.

Hughesdon, Charles and fam. Hume, Hon J. W.

Hume, G. and family

Humphreys, Alfred

Hunter, Thomas

Hunt, T.

Hutchinson, W.

Hyland, Thomas

Inglish, A L. and family Irons, James

C

h

8

h

h

W

h

Jamsetjee Eduljee.

Jackson, R. B. and family Jackson, Roger Jacob Rubian.

James Lomax,

Jamoojee Nusserwanjee.

Jardine, David

f

C

140

Mackenzie, K. R. Mackenzie, C. D. Mackenzie, S. Mackenzie, D. W. MacSwyney, P. C.

8

8

C

Macleod, M. A.

C

Maclean, J. L.

Jardine, Joseph

Mackay, Hugh

Jarrom, Rev. W. and family

n

MacKnight, Thomas

Jehengeer Framjee,

MacMurray, James

Jesus, João de

h

Jesus, Joaquim de

h

Jesus, João de

Macgowan, D. J. and family

h

Johnson, D.

MacMinnies, Capt. and family

Macgregor, P. C.

Maciver, William W.

Johnson, Rev. S.

h

Mahomed Thawar,

Johnson, Hon. Alexander R.

h

Maltby, C.

Jones, Thomas

Man, J. L.

Josephs, Levin

Maneckjee Cooverjee,

Jufurbhoy Budroodeen.

Maneckjee Nanabhoy.

с

c

h

h

h

h

g

n

c

h

c

$

C

c

c

Just, L.,

Markwick, Charles

Just, Jr., L.

absent,

Marsh, W. H.

Kay, William

Kay, J. Duncan

Marquis, Domingos P.

Marques, Fortunato F.

C

Kennedy, K. M.

Marjoribanks, Samuel

Kennedy, H. H.

Marçal, Honorio

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