Administrative Reports - 1934



ADMINISTRATION REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1934

Table of Contents

1 Geography, incuding Climate and History

2 Government

3 Population and Births and Deaths

4 Public Health

5 Housing

6 Production

7 Commerce

8 Wages and the Cost of Living

9 Education and Welfare institutions

10 Communication and Transport

11 Banking, Currency, Weights and Measures

12 Public Works

13 Justice and Police

14 Legislation

15 Public Finance and Taxation

A Financial Returns

A(1) Finances

A(2) Audit office

B Assessment

C Secretariat for Chinese affairs

D Harbour office

E Imports and Exports office

F Royal Observatory

G Supreme Court

G(1) Registrar of Trade Marks

H Police Magistrates' Courts

I Land office

J New Territories

K Police and Fire Brigade

L Prisons

M Medical and Sanitary

M(1) Sanitary

N Botanical and forestry

O Education

P Volunteer Corps (Not Published)

Q Public Works

R Post office

S Railway

 








ANNUAL REPORT ON THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC

PROGRESS OF THE PEOPLE OF THE COLONY OF HONG KONG FOR THE YEAR 1934.

CHAPTER

CONTENTS

PAGE

1 GEOGRAPHY, INCUDING CLIMATE AND HISTORY..

1

II GOVERNMENT

3

4

III POPULATION AND BIRTHS AND DEATHS

IV PUBLIC HEALTH

V HOUSING

VI PRODUCTION

VII COMMERCE

VIII WAGES AND THE COST OF LIVING

IX EDUCATION AND WELFARE INSTITUTIONS

X

COMMUNICATION AND TRANSPORT

5

11

14

16

23

26

30

XI BANKING, CURRENCY, WEIGHTS AND MEASURES...... 33

XN PUBLIC WORKS

34

XIII JUSTICE AND POLICE

40

XIV LEGISLATION

43

XV PUBLIC FINANCE AND TAXATION

44

Chapter I.

GEOGRAPHY, INCLUDING CLIMATE AND HISTORY.

The Colony of Hong Kong is situated off the south-eastern coast of China between latitute 22° 9′ and 22° 17′ N. and longitude 114° 5' and 114° 18′ E. The island is about eleven miles long and two to five miles in breadth, its circumference being about 27 miles and its area 28 square miles. It consists of an irregular ridge of lofty hills rising to a height of nearly 2,000 feet above sea level, stretching nearly east and west, with few valleys of any extent and little ground available for cultivation.

2. The island of Hong Kong was ceded to Great Britain in January, 1841, the cession being confirmed by the Treaty of Nanking in August, 1842. The charter bears the date of 5th April, 1843. The Kowloon peninsula and Stonecutter's Island were ceded to Great Britain under the Convention signed at Peking in October, 1860, and under the Convention signed at Peking in June, 1898, the area known as the New Territories including Mirs Bay and Deep Bay was leased to Great Britain by the Government of China for 99 years. The total area of the Colony including the New Territories is about 390 square miles.

3. The importance of Hong Kong has grown with the increase of China's trade with foreign countries. It is now in respect of tonnage entered and cleared one of the largest ports in the world. It is the most convenient outlet for the produce of South China as well as for the incessant flow of Chinese emigration to the Netherlands East Indies, Malaya, and elsewhere. It is also the natural distributing centre for imports into China from abroad.

4. The Colony is not primarily a manufacturing centre, the most important of its industries being those connected directly or indirectly with shipping, such as dock and warehouse, banking and insurance undertakings. Sugar refining and cement manu- facture are also major industries, and in recent years considerable quantities of knitted goods, electric torches and batteries, and rubber shoes have been produced and exported.

5. The climate of Hong Kong is sub-tropical, the winter being normally cool and dry and the summer hot and humid; the seasons are marked by the prevalence of the S.W. monsoon in summer and the N.E. monsoon in winter. The temperature seldom rises above 95°F. or falls below. 40°F.

The average rainfall is 85.16 inches, May to September being the wettest months. In spring and summer the humidity of the atmosphere is often very high, at times exceeding 95% with an average over the whole year of 79%. The typhoon season may be said to fast from June to October though typhoons occasionally occur before and after this period.

6. The rainfall for 1934 was 97.67 inches. The mean temperature of the air was 71.4° against an average of 71°.9. The maximum gust velocity of the wind was at the rate of 67 m.p.h. from N.E. on October 1st.

7. His Excellency the Governor Sir William Feel, K.C.M.G., K.B.E., laid the foundation stone of the new Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank on 17th October.

8. A regrettable gasometer explosion occurred at West Point on 15th May, resulting in the death of forty persons.

3-

9. In July a Commission was appointed under the chairman- ship of Mr. M. J. Breen "to enquire into the causes and make recommendations for the amelioration of the existing position and for the improvement of the trade of the Colony".

The Commission had not reported by the end of the year.

10. During the course of the year Mr. E. D. C. Wolfe, C.M.G., Inspector General of Police, Mr. A. E. Wood, Secretary for Chinese Affairs, and Mr. J. R. Wood, Puisne Judge, left the Colony on retirement. Mr. C. C. Wu at one time Minister for Foreign Affairs to the Nationalist Government of China and later Chinese Minister at Washington died in Hong Kong in January. Among the honours conferred by His Majesty were:-C.M.G., Dr. A. R. Wellington; O.B.E., Mr. R. Baker; M.B.E., Mr. Tang Shiu Kin, Reverend G. T. Waldegrave and Mr. G. T. Padgett; I.S.O., Mr. A. R. Sutherland.

Chapter II.

GOVERNMENT.

The Government is administered under Letters Patent of 14th February, 1917, and Royal Instructions of the same and subsequent dates, by a Governor aided by an Executive Council, composed of six official and three unofficial members, and by a Legislative Council composed of nine official and eight unofficial members. Prior to 1928 the numbers of the Legislative Council members were seven and six respectively. The six official mem. bers of the Executive Council are the Senior Military Officer, the Colonial Secretary, the Attorney General, the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, the Colonial Treasurer, all of whom are members ex-officio, and the Director of Public Works, appointed by the Governor. The three unofficial members, one of whom is Chinese, are appointed by the Governor. The six official mem- bers of the Executive Council are also members of the Legislative Council; the other three official members of this Council, who are appointed by the Governor, are the Inspector General of Police, the Harbour Master, and the Director of Medical and Sanitary Services. Of the unofficial members of the Legislative Council two are appointed by the Governor on the nomination respectively of the Justices of the Peace and of the Chamber of Commerce; the Governor also appoints the remaining members three of whom are Chinese. Appointment in the case of unofficial mem- bers is for five years for the Executive and four years for the Legislative Council.

2. The Sanitary Board composed of four official and six unofficial members has power to make by-laws under the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance in matters appertaining to public health, subject to an overriding power in the Legislative Council.

i

داره ؟

4

3. There are a number of advisory boards and committees, such as the Board of Education, Harbour Advisory Committee, Labour Advisory Board, etc., composed of both official and unofficial members. They are frequently consulted and are of much assistance to the Government.

4. The English Common Law forms the basis of the legal system, modified by Hong Kong Ordinances of which an edition revised to 1923 has been published. The law as to civil procedure was codified by Ordinance No. 3 of 1901. The Colonial Courts of Admiralty Act 1890 regulates the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in Admiralty cases.

5. The daily administration is carried out by the twenty- eight Government departments, which are officered exclusively by members of the Civil Service. The most important of the purely administrative departments are the Secretariat, Treasury, Secretariat for Chinese Affairs, Harbour, Post Office, Imports and Exports Office, Folice and Prisons departments. There are seven legal departments, including the Supreme Court and the Magistracies. Two departments, the Medical and Sani- tary, deal with public health; one, the Education, with education; and one, the largest of all the Government departments, the Public Works, is concerned with roads, buildings, waterworks, piers and analogous matters.

6. There have been no changes in the system of Government in the year under review.

Chapter III.

POPULATION AND BIRTHS AND DEATHS.

Variation in population in Hong Kong is more dependent on immigration and emigration than on births and deaths. Move- ments to and from the Colony are influenced by events in China and owing to the large numbers who come and go daily it is impossible to give more than a very rough estimate of the actual population, except during census years.

2. The following table shows the estimated population for the Colony for the middle of 1934.

Non-Chinese (mostly resident in Victoria and Kowloon)

:

Chinese in Victoria

Chinese in Hong Kong Villages

Chinese in Kowloon and New Kowloon..

Chinese in junks and sampans

Chinese in New Territories

Total.....

20,908

373,199

47,059

300,550

100,000

102,776

944,492

داره ؟

4

3. There are a number of advisory boards and committees, such as the Board of Education, Harbour Advisory Committee, Labour Advisory Board, etc., composed of both official and unofficial members. They are frequently consulted and are of much assistance to the Government.

4. The English Common Law forms the basis of the legal system, modified by Hong Kong Ordinances of which an edition revised to 1923 has been published. The law as to civil procedure was codified by Ordinance No. 3 of 1901. The Colonial Courts of Admiralty Act 1890 regulates the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in Admiralty cases.

5. The daily administration is carried out by the twenty- eight Government departments, which are officered exclusively by members of the Civil Service. The most important of the purely administrative departments are the Secretariat, Treasury, Secretariat for Chinese Affairs, Harbour, Post Office, Imports and Exports Office, Folice and Prisons departments. There are seven legal departments, including the Supreme Court and the Magistracies. Two departments, the Medical and Sani- tary, deal with public health; one, the Education, with education; and one, the largest of all the Government departments, the Public Works, is concerned with roads, buildings, waterworks, piers and analogous matters.

6. There have been no changes in the system of Government in the year under review.

Chapter III.

POPULATION AND BIRTHS AND DEATHS.

Variation in population in Hong Kong is more dependent on immigration and emigration than on births and deaths. Move- ments to and from the Colony are influenced by events in China and owing to the large numbers who come and go daily it is impossible to give more than a very rough estimate of the actual population, except during census years.

2. The following table shows the estimated population for the Colony for the middle of 1934.

Non-Chinese (mostly resident in Victoria and Kowloon)

:

Chinese in Victoria

Chinese in Hong Kong Villages

Chinese in Kowloon and New Kowloon..

Chinese in junks and sampans

Chinese in New Territories

Total.....

20,908

373,199

47,059

300,550

100,000

102,776

944,492

5

3. During the year 2,789,039 persons entered and 2,811,100 persons left the Colony, making a daily average of 7,641 arrivals and 7,702 departures. The daily average for 1933 was 7,637 arrivals and 7,431 departures.

4. Registration of Births and Deaths in the New Territories has been more fully enforced since 1932 and the number of births registered has steadily increased. Introduction of the new Births and Deaths Ordinance in the latter part of 1934 has caused a further increase, with the result that this year, for the first time, all birth and death rates have been calculated on the total population of the Colony including the New Territories.

5. The number of births registered was:

Chinese

Non-Chinese

20,424

462

6. The deaths registered among the civil population number 19,766 giving a crude death rate of 20.93 per mille as compared with 22.11 for the previous year.

Non-Chinese

Chinese

Deaths.

Estimated Population.

Death rate per mille population.

250

19,516

20,908

11.96

923,584

21.13

7. The number of deaths of infants under one year was Chinese 7,094, non-Chinese 23. If the figures for Chinese births represented the total births, which they do not, the infantile mortality figure for the Chinese would be 347.34 as compared with 454.89 in the previous year. The infantile mortality figure among non-Chinese was 49.78 as compared with 88.30 in 1933.

Chapter IV.

PUBLIC HEALTH.

In the absence of some general system of registration of sickness, the only sources of information available for gauging the state of the public health in this Colony are the returns relating to deaths, the notifications of infectious diseases and the records of Government and Chinese hospitals. Judging from the death returns the health of the Colony was better than that of the previous year.

The crude death rate was 20.93 per mille as compared with 22.11 for 1933.

2. Respiratory diseases accounted for 39.97 per cent of the total deaths, the percentage for 1933 was 41.93. The principal diseases causing death were broncho-pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchitis, infantile diarrhoea and diarrhoea.

3. The overcrowded houses, the expectorating habits of the people, and poverty furnish sufficient explanation for the prevalence of respiratory troubles.

4. Pulmonary Tuberculosis.-This disease continues to rank second to bronchi-pneumonia as the principal cause of death. It is probable that some of the cases of the latter were of tuberculous origin.

5. The total number of deaths was 2,179; that for 1933 was 2,225. The death rate per mille was 2.31 as compared with 2.71 for the previous year.

6. There is need for more hospital or infirmary accommoda- tion for tuberculosis patients, especially for those of the poorer classes.

7. Malaria.-Owing to efficient drainage methods this disease has disappeared from the greater part of the urban districts. It still persists, however, in the suburbs and in the rural areas. There are parts of the New Territories where the spleen rate is as high as 41.1 per cent.

8. Malaria not being a notifiable disease the incidence figures are unknown. The cases admitted to the Government Hospitals numbered 457 as compared to 482 in the previous year. The percentage of deaths to cases admitted was 1.3%. Among the Chinese Hospitals there were 839 admissions with a case mortality rate of 18.35 per cent.

9. The total number of deaths attributed to this disease was 365, giving a death rate of 0.39 per mille over the whole population. The low death rate is, of course, due to the fact that the great bulk of the population residing in the drained urban area is not subject to risks of infection. If figures for local districts were available it would be found that in soine areas the incidence and death rates were very considerable.

10. During the year the Malaria Bureau continued its investigations into the life history, habits and carrying powers of the local anophelines. The results obtained were both interest- ing and instructive. As in previous years there was no obstruc- tion from the local Chinese; on the contrary they took an interest in the proceedings and showed their eagerness to be of assistance. The Chinese Inspectors have shown ability and zeal.

11. The Bureau co-operated fully with the Military Authori- ties and with the Public Works Department.

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7

INFECTIOUS DISEASES.

12. During the year there were reported 153 cases of small- pox, 246 cases of cerebro-spinal fever, 162 cases of diphtheria and 212 cases of enteric. There were no cholera cases.

13. Smallpox. Every year in the cold season this disease manifests itself in outbreaks which are sometimes sporadic, some- times epidemic. Whatever the prevalence there is always a tendency for the morbidity rate to decline or disappear with the advent of summer. In the year under review there were 153 cases and 104 deaths as compared with 566 and 433 respectively in 1933. 53 cases only were treated in hospital; the remainder did not come under the notice of the authorities until after death.

14. The vaccination campaign was continued and during the year 298,836 persons were vaccinated. Valuable assistance was afforded by the St. John Ambulance Brigade and by the Chinese Public Dispensaries. Both bodies engaged in active propaganda and through their efforts many were persuaded who otherwise would have kept aloof. The various sections of the Brigade again carried out street vaccination with excellent results.

15. The Chinese have a preference for vaccination in the spring as being the auspicious season, and for a month or two after Chinese New Year the Chinese Public Dispensaries are crowded with children waiting to be done.

16. The majority of Chinese still hold the opinion that the herbalist treatment of smallpox gives better results than the -methods adopted by practitioners qualified in Western medicine, An analysis of the statistics of (a) the Tung Wah Infectious Diseases Hospital where only herbalist treatment is carried out, and (b) the Government Infectious Diseases Hospital where western treatment only is provided shows that this view is not correct. Calculating on the figures for the last 25 years the case death rate at the Tung Wah was 47.9 per cent while that at the Government institution was 15.25 per cent.

17. Plague. For the last five years no cases of plague have been reported in Hong Kong. The disappearance of this disease not only from this Colony but from the greater part of China and its decline throughout the world are due to factors which are not understood.

18. Systematic rat-catching and periodical cleansing of houses were carried out throughout the year. The total number of rats collected was 175,687 of which 21,976 were taken alive, as compared with 174,272 and 17,038 in 1933. The number collected each year shows that there is no diminution in the rat population. All the rats collected were sent to the Public Mortuary for examination. None was found infected.

19. Cerebro-spinal Fever.-There was an out-break of cerebro-spinal fever in Hong Kong which was sporadic in character. Altogether 246 cases were reported with 125 deaths. No special foci of infection were discovered and few instances where one could trace the source of infection. The cases were treated in the general hospitals without any instance of spread of infection.

20. Sera manufactured at the Bacteriological Institute were used therapeutically.

21. Diphtheria.-With regard to diphtheria there is little to be said. The cases were sporadic and the sources of infection were seldom discovered. 162 cases were reported as compared with 122 in 1933.

22. Enteric. What has been said of diphtheria applies to enteric. The incubation period being so long and the possible sources of infection so numerous there is little chance of tracing in any case the source of infection. 212 cases were reported as compared with 207 in 1933.

23. Leprosy.-In October His Excellency the Governor appointed a Committee, under the Chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, to enquire into the incidence of Leprosy in the Colony and to suggest methods of dealing with lepers. The report of this Committee is now under consideration.

The num- ber of lepers in the Colony is unknown.

24. Rabies.-Fourteen cases of this disease were reported. during the year. Four cases occurred in humans, the remainder in dogs.

With the exception of one human case in the City of Victoria the disease was confined to New Kowloon and the New Terri- tories.

The last case was reported in August.

None of the human cases had been treated with anti-rabic vaccine before the appearance of symptoms. All were fatal. No case which received anti-rabic treatment contracted the dis- ease, though several had been bitten by dogs proved to have been rabid.

THE DUMPING OF THE DEAD.

25. The number of bodies reported by the police as dumped was 1,056 as compared with 1,347 in 1933. In an endeavour to stop this practice chambers for the deposit of corpses have been established at all the Chinese Public Dispensaries. In some cases the top of the table is so arranged that the weight

of a body on it closes an electric circuit which rings a bell in the caretaker's room. So far the chambers have not been an unqualified success and dumping in the street at night continues to happen.

HOSPITALS.

26. The Government Civil Hospital.-The Hospital consists of three blocks and contains 225 beds in 23 wards. About one half the accommodation has been placed under the care of the clinical professors of the University who have been gazetted respectively Surgeon, Physician and Obstetric Physician to the Hospital.

The number of inpatients in 1934 was 5,063 as compared with 5,113 in the previous year.

27. Attendances at the Outpatient Department numbered 48,166 (51,925 in 1933), exclusive of the V. D. clinic. The greater part of the work of this department is done by the staff of the University.

28. Attached to the hospital is a Maternity Hospital of 21 beds. There were 954 cases in 1934 and 932 in 1933. With the exception of cases attended by the Government Medical Officers all the cases were under the care of the University Professor and his assistants.

29. Mental Hospital.-Situated close to the Government Civil Hospital is the Mental Hospital which is under the direction of the Medical Officer in charge of the Government Civil Hospital. There are separate divisions for European and Chinese. The Furopean section contains 14 beds and the Chinese section 18 beds. This hospital is mainly only a temporary abode for mental cases, those of Chinese nationality being sent to Canton, and those of other nationalities repatriated to their respective coun- tries. There were 344 cases in 1934 and 352 in 1933. The daily average number of patients for 1934 was 44.8.

30. Government Infectious Diseases Hospital.-This hospital situated on the Western outskirits of the City of Victoria is the only Government Institution of its kind for the whole Colony. Formerly a Police Station it contains only 26 beds. Eight cases were admitted in 1934 as compared with 28 cases in 1933.

31. Kowloon Hospital.-This hospital is situated on the mainland. It consists of four two storied blocks, one of which, containing 40 beds, is reserved for Maternity cases.

The total accommodation of the hospital is 140 beds, 48 of which were added during the year by the opening of a new general block in June.

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Previously to the opening of the new block the Maternity Block had been used for general cases only. The opening of this block for the reception of Maternity patients filled a long felt want as there was no provision on the mainland for European women. Private patients may be attended by their own doctor if they so desire. During the latter half of the year 170 patients were admitted.

32. Victoria Hospital.-Situated on the Peak, this hospital overlooks the city of Victoria and has a clear view across the harbour of the territory on the mainland.

There are 42 beds in the General Block and 32 in the Maternity Block. There is an entirely separate staff for each building.

During 1934, 430 cases were treated, 359 in the General Block and 71 in the Maternity Block; the number in 1933 being 646, made up of 539 General and 107 Maternity cases. Maternity patients may be attended by their own doctor if they so desire.

33. Tsan Yuk Hospital.-This Maternity Hospital was formerly part of the organisation financed and managed by the Chinese Public Dispensaries Committee and was handed over to Government as a free gift on 1st January, 1934.

The care of the patients is under the general supervision of the University Professor of Obstetrics who is also a Government Consultant. The University Medical students receive training there.

There are 60 beds, of which 46 are reserved for maternity cases and 14 for gynaecological cases.

During the year 1694 cases were admitted to the Maternity section and 237 to the Gynaecological sections, a total of 1931 admissions.

In the out-patients department 6204 people attended during the year. Separate Gynaecological, Infant Welfare, Veneral Diseases, and Anti-Natal Clinics were held in which 1484, 2424, 1977 and 319 cases respectively were treated or advised.

34. The Chinese Hospitals.-Tung Wah, Tung Wah Eastern and Kwong Wah-are hospitals which are maintained by the Tung Wah Charity Organisation, a purely Chinese body. These institutions, which are assisted by Government, are under inspection by the Government Medical Department. Each has as its Medical Superintendent a Chinese Medical Officer who is paid by Government. The Medical staff consists of Chinese Medical Officers, qualified in Western Medicine, and Chinese Herbalists.

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The patient is given his choice of treatment.

No. TREATED

IN 1934

No.

HOSPITAL

of

Chinese

No. TREATED

IN 1933

Chinese

beds Western Her- Western Her-

Medicine balist Medicine balist

Medicine

Medicine

Tung Wah-General... 426 5,671

5,480 5,588 4,491

Maternity. 25 1,320

1,600

Kwong Wah-General. 269 5,902

2,883

6,082

3,195

Maternity. 59 Tung Wah

Eastern-General 222 3,050

4,106

4,006

2,528

2,560

2,680

Maternity. 14

954

767

35. Tung Wah Infectious Diseases Hospital.-Situated in Kennedy Town and adjacent to the Government Infectious Diseases Hospital is the Tung Wah Infectious Diseases Hospital, an institution containing 30 beds where 60 patients could be accommodated at a pinch. The treatment here is left almost entirely to the herbalists.

During the year there were 47 patients, as compared with 137 in the preceding year.

TREATMENT OF OPIUM ADDICTS.

At the Government Civil Hospital and Tung Wah Eastern Hospital six and twelve beds (respectively) are reserved for the treatment of opium addicts, the Government being responsible for the expenses incurred. 56 cases were treated at the former institution and 413 at the latter, making a total of 469 cases.

Chapter V.

HOUSING.

In recent years some evidence has been shown amongst the artizan class of the Colony of a quickening social consciousness and the resultant desire to avail themselves of improved housing accommodation wherever such is made available. The unskilled

12

labouring classes, however, are still found densely packed in tenement houses deficient in light and air. This class of labour has to find its habitat as close as possible to the scene of its labour, with the result that the Western part of the City of Victoria, which houses the native business quarter and closely adjoins the portion of the harbour handling the traffic from the West River and Chinese Coast Ports, is seriously overcrowded.

2. These conditions are being slowly mitigated by the rebuilding of properties which from time to time are condemned for reasons of structural defects. This process of elimination is however, too slow to create any appreciable improvement. The legislation mentioned in paragraph 8, which calls for the provision of reasonable yard space, when made operative, will hasten the removal or reconstruction of much of the old property. This, whilst providing improved housing conditions, will no doubt mean increased cost of living to the labouring classes.

3. Hitherto, the hostility of the property-owning class to the introduction of legislation requiring additional open space and thereby reducing the earning power of the property has been the chief obstacle in obtaining improved conditions. It can, however, be recorded that this spirit of obstruction is less evident today as a result of education, and of the example set by some of the better class of realty companies whose blocks of tenement houses compare not unfavourably in essential respects with modern European practice.

4. The housing of the Colony is all privately owned, and control is maintained by the operation of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, the provisions of which also mould the character of the housing. Generally the houses are built back to back in rows, separated by a scavenging lane six feet in width specified by the Ordinance. These houses vary in height from two to four storeys according to the width of the street on to which they front, whilst the average height per storey is twelve feet, a minimum being controlled by the Ordinance. The houses built prior to the 1903 Ordinance covering the greatest part of the native quarter are of depths varying from forty feet to eighty feet, with often less than 100 square feet of open space provided within the curtilage of the lot. After the passing of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance No. 1 of 1903, the amount of open space per house to be allowed within the boundaries of each lot is governed, and falls under two main heads, viz:-(a) houses built on land bought prior to the passing of the Ordin- ance in 1903, where the open space must not be less than one-fourth of the area of the site and (b) houses built on land bought subsequently where the minimum is raised to one- third of the area. On plan the usual frontage of each house is fifteen feet (a dimension owing its origin more to early structural limitation than to economics) and a depth of about thirty-five feet, whilst each storey consists of one large "room"

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13

with a native type kitchen in the rear. This room is then subdivided by thin partitions seven feet high into three cubicles each of which may accommodate a family. A latrine is built at ground floor level, one to each house irrespective of the number of occupants, and is common to all.

5. Structurally the earlier houses are of blue bricks (of native manufacture having a very low structural value) and timber, (usually China fir which is extremely susceptible to the ravages of white ants). Lately, however reinforced concrete and better quality bricks have been used.

6. In the City of Victoria the major defect of housing is due to lack of town planning, but since a large proportion of the City was erected in the early days of the Colony, when town planning was little practised even in Europe, the conditions to-day are a heritage, the elimination of which involves immense sums of money,

and probably considerable opposition if attempted on a large scale.

7. Generally many of the old houses suffer from defects which are attributable to the Ordinance of that time. Passed in 1903 the measure was framed to meet existing conditions, both structurally and hygienically as they were then understood and practised. But, viewed in the light of modern practice and knowledge, many of its provisions are found to be lax and the following are the main resultant defects:-

Note:

(a) The open space is insufficient, especially with regard to earlier houses, i.e. those built on land purchased prior to 1903.

(b) Latrine accommodation is insufficient.

(c) Staircases

unlighted.

are too narrow and steep, and often

(d) Means of escape in case of fire insufficient.

(b) In the case of new buildings where owners are able to provide by means of a well or otherwise an adequate water supply, flush sanitation is now usually provided on each floor. This is one of the most important steps forward in sanitation that has been achieved.

(c) and (d) have been provided for by recent amendments of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, which call for any new staircases in tenement houses to be of fire-proof construction, with alternative means of egress from all floors more than twenty three feet above the footpath. The remarks above apply more particularly to the housing of the wage-earning Asiatics. The housing for the wealthier classes is provided for by modern flats three or four storeys high, and in the suburban areas by detached or semi-detached houses usually two storeys high which may be occupied separately or as flats.

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8. It is hoped to introduce a new Buildings Bill in Legislative Council early in 1935. This Bill has been drawn up with a view to improving particularly the conditions of light and ventilation to those old properties which under the existing Ordinance are not called upon to conform to modern require- ments in this respect. A higher standard generally is being called for and building owners are themselves slowly realising the advantages to be gained from modern constructional methods allied to proper hygienic principles.

Chapter VI.

PRODUCTION.

Hong Kong is the port for South China, and the greater part of the large volume of goods that pass through it is in transit between South China and other parts of the world, including North and Middle China. The Colony itself produces comparatively little, though the shipbuilding, cement, rope, tin and sugar refining, rubber shoe and cotton knitting industries are not unimportant. Neither agriculture nor mining is carried on to any great extent, though the former is practised throughout the New Territories. Rice and vegetables are grown, and there is considerable poultry farming, but in insufficient quantities to supply the needs of the urban populations of Victoria and Kowloon. The cultivation is in the hands of the Chinese villagers. Sea fishing is an important industry, but here again local supplies have to be augmented by importation from outside.

2. Reports on the principal industries for the year 1933 are given below:-

Refined Sugar. The outstanding feature of the year in South China was the inauguration of the Kwangtung Govern. ment Sugar Monopoly controlling sales of all sugar in Kwang. tung, and the immediate result of this Monopoly was seen in the curtailment of indiscriminate smuggling into South China. Business with North China market was handicapped by the tightness of money, but the demand from consumers for Refineds was maintained and during the year showed no falling off in quantity. Japanese refiners have re-established their position in the country, and during the latter half of the year the boycott was non-existent. Towards the close of the year several thousand tons of United Kingdom, French and American Refined Sugars were dumped on the Hong Kong and China markets and the effects of these transactions cannot yet be definitely estimated.

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8. It is hoped to introduce a new Buildings Bill in Legislative Council early in 1935. This Bill has been drawn up with a view to improving particularly the conditions of light and ventilation to those old properties which under the existing Ordinance are not called upon to conform to modern require- ments in this respect. A higher standard generally is being called for and building owners are themselves slowly realising the advantages to be gained from modern constructional methods allied to proper hygienic principles.

Chapter VI.

PRODUCTION.

Hong Kong is the port for South China, and the greater part of the large volume of goods that pass through it is in transit between South China and other parts of the world, including North and Middle China. The Colony itself produces comparatively little, though the shipbuilding, cement, rope, tin and sugar refining, rubber shoe and cotton knitting industries are not unimportant. Neither agriculture nor mining is carried on to any great extent, though the former is practised throughout the New Territories. Rice and vegetables are grown, and there is considerable poultry farming, but in insufficient quantities to supply the needs of the urban populations of Victoria and Kowloon. The cultivation is in the hands of the Chinese villagers. Sea fishing is an important industry, but here again local supplies have to be augmented by importation from outside.

2. Reports on the principal industries for the year 1933 are given below:-

Refined Sugar. The outstanding feature of the year in South China was the inauguration of the Kwangtung Govern. ment Sugar Monopoly controlling sales of all sugar in Kwang. tung, and the immediate result of this Monopoly was seen in the curtailment of indiscriminate smuggling into South China. Business with North China market was handicapped by the tightness of money, but the demand from consumers for Refineds was maintained and during the year showed no falling off in quantity. Japanese refiners have re-established their position in the country, and during the latter half of the year the boycott was non-existent. Towards the close of the year several thousand tons of United Kingdom, French and American Refined Sugars were dumped on the Hong Kong and China markets and the effects of these transactions cannot yet be definitely estimated.

16

whose imports in 1934 were more than treble those in previous years. The rubber used in the manufacture of these shoes is imported from the Straits Settlements. Formerly, most of the canvas used originated from the United States of America, but now a large proportion of British canvas is used. The total value of exports in 1934 amounted to over $3,000,000.

Lard. The manufacture of lard is an important local industry. Pigs are imported from South China and Kwong- chowan and slaughtered in Government abbatoirs, the prepara- tion of packing of the manufactured lard also being supervised by Government officials. Exports from Hong Kong declined. somewhat in 1934 and prices also were lower. Total exports amounted to 33,485 piculs valued at $62,242.

Of this amount,

21,104 piculs were taken by the United Kingdom.

Shipbuilding. Two ocean-going vessels, seven launches, two yachts, six motor boats, six lighters and twenty six small craft were built during the year in local dockyards.

Chapter VII.

COMMERCE.

As anticipated at the close of the year 1933, the visible trade of the Colony during the year 1934 showed a still further decline, with little or no promise of any recovery in the

immediate future.

2. The gloomy state of trade during the year was largely due to the still further diminished purchasing power of China, accentuated by tariff barriers, particularly in the adjacent province of Kwangtung.

3. The declared values of imports of merchandise during 1934 totalled $415.9 millions (£31.7 millions), as compared with $500.9 millions (£33.9 millions) in 1933, and exports amounted to $325.1 millions (£24.8 millions), as compared with $403.1 millions (£27.4 millions). Details are given in Table I.

com-

4. In terms of Hong Kong currency imports during 1934 declined 17.0% as compared with 1933, and 33.3% as pared with 1932, whilst exports declined 19.4% as compared with 1933, and 31.1% as compared with 1932.

5. In terms of Sterling values imports declined 6.5% as compared with 1933, and 22.7% as compared with 1932, whilst exports declined 9.5% as compared with 1933, and 20.0% as compared with 1932.



*

17

6. It is estimated that the quantum of the import trade declined 16.0% as compared with 1933, 19.0% as compared with 1932, and 25.2% as compared with 1931, but, of necessity, the volume of imports into the Colony cannot be calculated accurately on account of the lack of a suitable unit of quantity, and the fact that many commodities are declared by value only.

7. China, Japan, Netherlands East Indies, U.S.A. and British Malaya all increased their shares of the import trade, whilst British Malaya, French Indo-China, Japan, Siam, U.S.A. and the Netherlands East Indies took greater shares of the exports. Details are given in Table II.

8. Imports of merchandise showed decreases in most groups of commodities, the exceptions being liquors, machinery, nuts and seeds, paper and paperware, and railway materials. Exports of liquors, machinery, minerals and ores, and nuts and seeds showed slight increases. Details are given in Table III.

9. Imports of Treasure (see Table IV) totalled $78.1 millions during 1934, as compared with $38.1 millions in 1933, and exports amounted to $128.5 millions as compared with $134.1 millions. During 1934 there was an export excess of gold bars amounting to a value of $56.2 millions, as compared with $82.9 millions in 1933. Towards the close of the year there was a considerable traffic in Chinese silver dollars, a total of $15.8 millions being exported abroad in the month of December alone.

10. Average T.T. opening rates of exchange during the year 1934 were:-London 1/6.3/16; France 581.3/8; U.S.A. 38.3/16; Shanghai 112.3/16; India 100.3/4; Singapore 64.11/16: Japan 128.1/8; Java 56.7/16. The lowest Sterling average rate was 1/4.3/4 in May, steadily rising month by month to 1/8.1/4 in December.

11. Wholesale prices in the Colony during the year 1934 recorded decreases of 11.6% as compared with 1933, 25.2% as compared with 1932, 33.0% as compared with 1931, 14.3% as compared with 1924, and 8.5% as compared with the base period of 1922. Details are given in Table V.

12. As compared with 1933 there were decreases in 1934 in each of the four groups of commodities, the index number of Foodstuffs declining 16.8%, Textiles 11.4%, Metals and Minerals 9.6%, and Miscellaneous Items 7.5%.

18

Table I.

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS 1923-1934.

(in £'s & $'s millions).

IMPORTS.

1923. 1924. 1930. 1931. 1932. 1933. 1934.

£ 15.2 17.1 9.2 8.7 10.2 8.5 $131.5 144.0 131.3 180.1 164.7 126.1

1st Quarter

£ 14.7 19.3

*

9.0 11.9 8.5 7.1

$130.7 165.4

* 186.9 170.7 132.8

95.8

2nd Quarter

7.1

99.7

3rd Quarter

4th Quarter

Total

£14.3 19.2 10.1 9.0 9.3 8.5 8.1 $127.1 161.7 156.8 182.3 142.4 122.1 106.6 £17.8 16.5 10.3 11.8 9.6 8.4 9.4 $155.3 136.6 167.4 188.4 146.2 119.9 113.8

£ 62.0 72.1 29.6 38.5 41.0 33.9 31.7 $544.6 607.7 455.5 787.7 624.0 500.9 415.9

EXPORTS.

1923. 1924. 1930. 1931. 1932. 1933. 1934.

1st Quarter

£13.9 18.3

* 6.8 8.8 6.8 5.8

$123.5 156.8

* 140.1 127.0 105.3

77.5

2nd Quarter

£ 16.3 15.2

7.4 6.4 7.1 7.2

5.7

79.6

3rd Quarter

6.1

80.5

4th Quarter

Total

$140.9 128.0 105.9 132.5 115.3 106.2

£ 14.0 14.6 7.3 6.5 7.2 6.6 $124.4 122.9 113.7 130.6 110.0

95.5

£17.2 15.5 8.5 9.2 7.9 6.8 7.2 $150.1 128.3 137.2 138.7 119.6 96.1 87.5

£ 61.4 63.6 23.2 28.9 31.0 27.4 24.8 $538.9 536.0 356.8 541.9 471.9 403.1 325.1

*No statistics available.

Note: Average rate of exchange 1923-28. 3 d.

1924-28. 4 d.

1930-18. 3d,

19311s. Od.

1932-1s. 3 d.

1933=1s. 41d.

1934-18. 6316d,

19

Table II.

DISTRIBUTION OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF MERCHANDISE BY COUNTRIES ($'000's omitted).

A.-IMPORTS.

1933.

1934.

%

$

%

China

155,187 31.0

146,488

35.2

Japan

25,289

5.0

36,669

8.8

N. E. Indies

38,886

7.8

34,675

8.3

United Kingdom

52,172

10.4

32,542

7.8

U. S. A.

31,209

6.2

29,343

7.1

French Lndo-China

42,373

8.5

26,245

6.3

Siam

50,184

10.0

33,464

8.0

Germany

19,079

3.8

13,537

3.3

British Malaya

5,991

1.2

5,496

1.3

India

18,310

3.7

8,276

2.0

Australia

8,097

1.6

6,698

1.6

Belgium

8,416

1.7

4,880

1.2

All Other Countries

45,746

9.1

37,606

9.1

Summary

United Kingdom

52,172

10.4

32,542

7.8

British Dominions and Possessions

46,139

9.2

28,954

7.0

China

All Other Countries

155,187 31.0

247,441

146,488 35.2

49.4 207,935 50.0

Total British Empire

98,311 19.6

61,496 14.8

Total Foreign

402,628 80.4

354,423 85.2

Grand Total

500,939 100.0

415,919 100.0

20

Table II.-Continued.

B.-EXPORTS.

1933.

1934.

%

$

%

China

227,005

56.3

156,243

48.0

British Malaya

21,419

5.3

24,765

7.6

French Indo-China

24,273

6.0

24,095

7.4

Japan

12,884

3.2

11,447

3.5

Macao

21,384

5.3

17,364

5.3

Siam

14,546

3.6

14,664

4.5

U. S. A.

19,284

4.8

18,573

5.7

Kwong Chow Wan

9,965

2.5

8,018

2.5

N. E. Indies

9,574

2.4

8,506

2.6

Philippines

9,431

2.3

5,291

1.6

India

5,581

1.4

4,233

1.3

All Other Countries

27,746

6.9

31,906

10.0

Summary

United Kingdom

4,534

1.1

6,363

2.0

British Dominions and

Possessions

36,614

9.1

39,701

12.2

China

227,005

56.3

156,243 48.0

All Other Countries

134,939 33.5

122,798 37.8

Total British Empire...... 41,148 10.2

46,064 14.2

Total Foreign

361,944 89.8 279,041

85.8

Grand Total

403,092 100.0 -325,105 100.0

23

Chapter VIII.

WAGES AND THE COST OF LIVING.

A great proportion of the workers in Hong Kong are paid on a piece-work basis and in some trades are engaged and paid on curiously complicated systems involving payment of a bonus or a share in the yearly profits.

2 Local trade was very dull during the year 1934 and the improvement of business of which there were faint signs at the end of 1933 did not materialize. The chief causes remained the same, viz. the world depression and the evergrowing wall of high tariffs imposed by the Chinese and other governments, whilst a new factor hindering exports to foreign countries was the steadily maintained appreciation of the silver dollar vis-à- vis gold and sterling. The hosiery and knitting trades were particularly hard hit and several large and well-established firms engaged in the manufacture of these classes of goods were compelled to close down. The heavy industries such as ship- building and engineering also suffered from lack of business, but on the other hand several smaller industries such as those involving the manufacture of felt hats, sweets, electric torches and dry-batteries, mosquito sticks, etc., appeared to be flourish- ing. The printing and book making industries and the rubber shoe trade had a fair measure of prosperity and although several factories closed down others were opened. In spite of the depression the total number of factories in the Colony continues to increase and at the end of the year there were 550 factories and workshops registered under the Factories and Workshops Ordinance. It would be misleading, however, not to point out that the majority of these are quite small establishments. As foreshadowed at the end of 1933 conditions in the building trade were slack as compared with the boom of previous years but thousands of coolies found employment in various public works and other undertakings such as the Shing Mun Dam, the new Gaol at Stanley, the new Government Civil Hospital and the new Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank building. Although unemployment has become more marked it cannot be said to have become acute as in Western countries. Many Chinese who are unable to find employment in the Colony have returned to their native districts in the neighbouring provinces of China and there has been a further decline in the rents of tenement houses, flats, offices and shops occupied by Chinese. Even in the case of premises occupied by Europeans a distinct decline in rentals has now become apparent and there is a tendency to move to outlying districts where accommodation is cheaper. There has been no noticeable change in the average rates of wages for labour but the prices of all Chinese food-stuffs declined further during the year.

24

3. The European

European resident, unlike the local labourer, purchases a certain number of articles which have to be imported from countries with sterling or gold currencies. He is therefore affected by variations in the exchange value of these currencies as expressed in terms of the silver dollar. Throughout the year the silver dollar showed a steady appreciation in its exchange value vis-à-vis sterling and the American dollar. Although this rise in value is regarded by many people as a mixed blessing, a general lowering of the local prices of articles imported from England and the United States of America was apparent in the closing months of the year.

AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES FOR LABOUR.

Building Trade:-

Carpenters

Bricklayers

Painters

$1.15 per day.

};

1.10

1.10 >>

"

Plasterers

Scaffolders

Labourers (male)

(female)

1.10

21

1.70

0.80

0.50

>>

Working hours, nine per day. Time and a half paid for over-time. Free temporary quarters provided on the building site and communal messing at cheap rates.

Shipping and Engineering:—

Electricians

Coppersmiths

Fitters

Sawmillers

Boilermakers

Sailmakers

Blacksmiths

Turners

Patternmakers

Labourers

وو

27

$1.45 to $1.80 per day.

1.20 to

1.80

0.80 to

1.80

1.00 to

1.40

19

1.00 to

1.50

>>

1.00 to

1.50

99

0.80 to

1.20

1.00 to

1.40

52

1.00 to

1.40

0.50 to 0.80

Over-time-time and a half. Night work--double time.

Transport Workers :-

Tram drivers.

وو

conductors

Bus drivers

conductors

$36 to $45 per month.

30 to 39

2

50

19

2)

20 to 25

Working hours, nine per day. Free uniform. Bonus at end of year.

25

Railway Workers (Government): -

Engine drivers

Firemen

Guards

Signalmen

Station Masters

Booking Clerks

Telephone operators

Female Workers in Factories :-

Cigarette making

$540 to $1,000 per annum.

330 to

480 ""

600 to

1,000

27

600 to

1,000

21

1,100 to

1,800

600 to

1,000

"

480 to 1,000

"}

$0.40 to $0.80 per day.

Knitting factories

Perfumery

0.20 to 0.50

22

0.20 to 0.50

0.20 to 0.60

17

و,

Confectionery

Working hours from 7 a.m. to 5 p.m.

One hour off at mid-

day. Over-time from 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. at day rates.

Domestic Servants:

Employed by Chinese

Employed by Europeans Gardeners

$7.00 to $20.00 per month.

15.00 to 40.00

15.00 to 30.00

21

With free lodging, and with Chinese employers, generally free board.

NOTE--The rates of pay of Government employees approximate closely to

those of a similar category in private employ.

AVERAGE RETAIL PRICES OF FOODSTUFFS, ETC.

1934.

1933.

Rice (3rd grade)

...

7.6 cents per catty.

5.6 cents per catty.

Fresh fish

31.8

25.3

22

Salt fish

27.8

23.1

""

31

Beef

44.4

40.6

"}

وو

"

21

Pork

51.4

41.6

27

J

17

27

Oil

21.4

15.3

73

>>

"J

""

Firewood .......... 10

for 9 catties. 10

for 9.7 catties

??

26

Chapter IX.

EDUCATION AND WELFARE INSTITUTIONS.

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.

These are either schools where the medium of instruction is English or mostly English or schools where the medium of instruction is Chinese. The former, seventeen in number, are known as "English" schools, the latter of which there are three as "Vernacular" schools.

secondary

2. Of the four English schools, classed as schools in the Table below, two are Anglo-Chinese schools for boys and one for girls. These three schools have primary departments. The fourth school, the Central British School which is a mixed school, has no primary department. eleven English schools, classed as "primary schools in the Table, three are mixed schools preparing for the Central British School. In this group are also four "District" schools, including one for Indian boys and four "Lower Grade" schools, three of which are in rural districts. In those English schools which are attended by Chinese the study of English and of Chinese is carried on side by side, the pari passu system requiring that promotion shall depend on proficiency in both languages.

3. Of the two Government Schools classed as "Vocational" one is the Junior Technical School which was opened in February, 1933, the other is the Technical Institute which is attended by persons desirous of receiving instruction for the most part germane to their day time occupations.

4. Of the three Government Vernacular schools one has a seven years' course and includes a Normal department. There is also a Normal school for women teachers and a Normal school on the mainland which aims at providing Vernacular teachers for rural schools.

GRAND-IN-AID AND SUBSIDIZED SCHOOLS.

5. There are fourteen Grant-in-Aid English Schools, and four Grant-in-Aid Vernacular Schools. Of the former, seven are

schools for boys and seven are for girls.

>>

6. One English school for girls has a primary department only. The remaining schools classed in the table below as secondary schools have primary departments as well as the upper classes. One Infant School for girls has been added to the Grant List during the year.

27

7. Munsang College, Kowloon City, received a grant of $6,000.

8. The Vernacular Grant-in-Aid Schools are schools for girls and are classed in the Table as secondary schools.

66

"

9. The 314 subsidized schools are all Vernacular schools.

UNAIDED SCHOOLS.

10. In 1934 there were 594 unaided Vernacular schools with 32,675 children and 123 unaided English schools with 6,520 children.

Table showing number of schools and scholars for the year 1934.

GRANT-IN-AID

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS

AND SUBSIDIZED

UNAIDED SCHOOLS

SCHOOLS

CLASS OF INSTITUTIONS

No. of Institu- tions

No. of

No. of

On Roll

Institu-

On Roll

On

Institu-

Roll

tions

tions

ENGLISH:

Secondary,

4 2,261

13*

6,258

11

1,613

Primary,.

11

1,714

248

112

4,877

Vocational,..

2

1,035

Total,.....

17 5,010

15

6,506

123 6.520

VERNACULAR :---

Secondary,

Primary,.

Vocational,

....

1

252

4

1,013

+++

:

314

20,906

591 32,675

214

1

252

Total,......

3 466

319

22,171

594 32,675

Total No. of Institutions

Total On Roll

1,071

..73,348

*This includes Ying Wa College whose primary department receives

a Grant-in-Aid.

30

Chapter X.

COMMUNICATION AND TRANSPORT.

The external communications of Hong Kong are excellent both by sea and by telegraph, cable and radio. As regards the former, the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Co., the Nippon Yusen Kaisha, the Blue Funnel Line, the Messageries Maritimes, and several other British and foreign companies main- tain regular passenger and freight services between Hong Kong and Europe. The trans-Pacific communications are well served by the Canadian Pacific Steamship Ltd., the Dollar Line, the Nippon Yusen Kaisha, and other steamship lines. To Australia three steamship companies, the Eastern and Australian, Nippon Yusen Kaisha, and Australian and Oriental maintain regular passenger and freight services. In addition there are direct sailings to Africa, South America, and to New York. There is frequent and regular communication between Hong Kong and other Far Eastern ports in India, Java, Straits Settlements, Formosa, Indo-China, Japan and the China coast. Local steam- ship communication is by river steamer from Hong Kong to Canton and the West River ports with several sailings daily. In addition there is a vast traffic between Hong Kong and the adjacent provinces of China by junk and sampan.

2. The total shipping entering and clearing Ports in the Colony during the year 1934 amounted to 93,754 vessels of 41,914,022 tons which, compared with the figures for 1933 shows a decrease of 14,868 vessels, and 1,129,359 tons. Of the above, 44,043 vessels of 40,054,033 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade as compared with 51,492 vessels of 40,862,583 tons in 1933. There was an increase in British Ocean-going shipping of 9 vessels and 20,855 tons. Foreign Ocean-going vessels show a decrease of 388 vessels and 484,206 tons. British River Steamers showed a decrease of 320 vessels and 101,057 tons. Foreign River Steamers showed a decrease of 227 vessels and 60,299 tons. In steamships not exceeding 60 tons employed in Foreign Trade there was a decrease of 1,425 vessels with a decrease in tonnage of 36,598 tons. Junks in Foreign Trade showed a decrease of 5,098 vessels and 147,245 tons. In Local Trade (i.e. between places within the waters of the Colony) there was a decrease in steamlaunches of 1,622 vessels with a decrease in tonnage of 42,389 tons. Junks in local Trade show a decrease of 5,797 vessels and 278,420 tons.

3. The Eastern Extension Australasia and China Telegraph Company (British) by means of three cables to Singapore, one direct and one each via Labuan and Cape St. James respectively, provides good connections with Europe via India, with Austra- lasia, and with the other British Colonies and Possessions. By their cable to Manila connection is made with the direct American

!

31

cable, thence to San Francisco. Two cables to Shanghai, belong- ing respectively to the Eastern Extension and to the Great Northern (Danish) Companies, via Foochow and Amoy respective- ly, give a good connection with Shanghai, North China, Japan and Russia; the system of the Great Northern Telegraph Com- pany gives a good service to Europe via Asiatic Russia.

4. The Government operates commercial radio services with direct communication to the Chinese stations Shanghai, Foochow, Amoy, Swatow, Canton, Yunnanfu, Hoihow, and to Formosa, French Indo-China, Siam, Phillippines, Dutch East Indies, British North Borneo and via Manila to Europe, America, etc.

5. The revenue collected by the Radio Office during the year from radio telegrams amounted to $639,464, a decrease of $3,754 on the amount collected in 1933. Advices of vessels signalled at the Lighthouses yielded $1,459. The total Revenue from the telegraph service amounted to $640,923. Ship Station Licences yielded $1,544, Amateur Transmission Station Licences $298, Broadcast Receiving Licences $37,262, Dealers' Licences $2,371 and Examination Fee for Operators' Certificates of Proficiency $6.

6. The number of paid radio-telegrams forwarded during the year was 184,466 consisting of 1,730,084 words against 191,586 consisting of 1,518,215 words in 1933 and 212,072 were received, consisting of 2,401,601 words against 207,339 consisting of 1,757,629 words.

7. In addition to the paid traffic figures given above the wireless Service is responsible for the reception of time signals daily from Bordeaux, Rugby, Malabar and Nauen, for the trans- mission of time signals to ships in the China Sea, the reception of press messages amounting to 400 messages or 246,930 words from Rugby, the collection and distribution of meteorological traffic, 8,124 messages 355,538 words having been forwarded, and 19,908 messages 318,969 words having been received, the reception and dissemination of distress, piracy and navigation messages, the transmission and reception of Government mess- ages, etc.

8. A telephone service between Hong Kong and Canton, a distance of 110 miles is in operation.

9. Mails. The number of mail receptacles of Hong Kong crigin despatched during the year was 44,067 as compared with 46,650 in 1933-a decrease of 2,583, the number received was 44,951 as compared with 49,449-a decrease of 4,498.

10. Receptacles in transit, including those to and from British and Foreign Men-of-War, numbered 206,869 as against 222,489 in 1933 a decrease of 15,620.

33

in water bound macadam dressed with asphalt, 12 miles in sheet asphalt on a cement concrete foundation, 13 miles of tar macadam, 17 miles of concrete, 3 miles of granite setts and wooden blocks on a cement concrete foundation and 39 miles of gravel.

21. The public travelling over the Colony's roads increases yearly with a corresponding growth in the number of motor buses, of which there are 59 operating on the island of Hong Kong, and 115 on the mainland. These are gradually replacing the rickshas, the number of which decreases year by year.

22. The Hong Kong Tramway Company has a fleet of nearly 90 double deck tram cars running along the sea front of Victoria from Kennedy Town to Shaukiwan.

23. Communication between the island and the mainland is maintained by a number of ferry services; the most important of which are the Star Ferry between Kowloon Point and a pier near the General Post Office, and the combined vehicular and passenger service of the Hong Kong and Yaumati Ferry Company between Jordan Road, Kowloon and Jubilee Street, Victoria.

Chapter XI.

BANKING, CURRENCY, WEIGHTS & MEASURES.

There

The Colony is well served by banking institutions. are fifteen principal banks doing business in the Colony which are members of the Clearing House, and in addition several Chinese banks and numerous native Hongs doing some portion of banking business. There are no banks which devote them- selves specially to agricultural and co-operative banking. The Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation also conducts the business of the Hong Kong Savings Bank on usual savings bank principles. Several of the more important Chinese Banks have opened branches in Hong Kong during the year and there have been no notable difficulties among the smaller native banks. The credit and repute of the Colony's financial institutions have never been higher than during this difficult period and it is satis- factory to be assured that ample encouragement and support are available to finance any possible demand that a revival of trade would need.

2. The Currency of the Colony is based on silver and is governed by the Order in Council of 2nd February, 1895. The dollar, which is normally in circulation and which is legal tender to any amount, is the British Dollar of 900 millesimal fineness and weight 26.957 grammes (416.00 grains). Silver subsidiary coins of the value of 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents and one cent pieces

34

in bronze are also legal tender up to the value of two dollars for silver and one dollar for bronze. Bank notes issued by The Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank, The Chartered Bank and The Mercantile Bank are also in circulation, the estimated amount issued at the end of 1934 being $153,601,407. These Bank notes are redeemable in legal tender dollars at the Banks' Offices in Hong Kong, and include fiduciary issues amounting to $12,000,000, the balance being covered in various proportions for the respective banks by silver coin of approved denominations, by bullion, and by securities.

3. The weights and measures in use in the Colony are defined in the Schedule to Ordinance No. 2 of 1885. They consist of the standards in use in the United Kingdom and of the following Chinese Weights and Measures:-

and

1 fan (candareen)=0.0133 ounces avoirdupois. 1 tsin (mace)=1.33 ounces avoirdupois.

1 leung (tael)=1.33 ounces avoirdupois.

1 kan (catty)=1.33 pounds avoirdupois.

1 tam (picul)=133.33 pounds avoirdupois.

1 check (foot)=143 English inches divided into 10 tsün

(inches) and each tsün into 10 fan or tenths.

Chapter XII.

PUBLIC WORKS.

During the year under review the operations of the Public Works Department were carried out, under a Head Office Staff, by eleven sub-departments, namely the Accounts and Stores, Architectural, Buildings Ordinance, Crown Lands and Surveys, Drainage, Electrical, Port Development, Roads and Transport, Valuations and Resumptions, Waterworks Construction, and Waterworks Maintenance offices.

2. The European staff comprised 160 officers and the non- European approximately 623.

3. The following is a summary of works carried out during the year:-

BUILDINGS.

4. Works completed were:-New Markets at Bowrington Canal and Arsenal Street; temporary Barrack Sheds for Police on Caine Road; new Quarters for Wireless Operators at the Peak Wireless Station; fire Appliance Sheds at Aberdeen and Aplichau; new Stores for the Hong Kong Volunteer Defence Corps; new

34

in bronze are also legal tender up to the value of two dollars for silver and one dollar for bronze. Bank notes issued by The Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank, The Chartered Bank and The Mercantile Bank are also in circulation, the estimated amount issued at the end of 1934 being $153,601,407. These Bank notes are redeemable in legal tender dollars at the Banks' Offices in Hong Kong, and include fiduciary issues amounting to $12,000,000, the balance being covered in various proportions for the respective banks by silver coin of approved denominations, by bullion, and by securities.

3. The weights and measures in use in the Colony are defined in the Schedule to Ordinance No. 2 of 1885. They consist of the standards in use in the United Kingdom and of the following Chinese Weights and Measures:-

and

1 fan (candareen)=0.0133 ounces avoirdupois. 1 tsin (mace)=1.33 ounces avoirdupois.

1 leung (tael)=1.33 ounces avoirdupois.

1 kan (catty)=1.33 pounds avoirdupois.

1 tam (picul)=133.33 pounds avoirdupois.

1 check (foot)=143 English inches divided into 10 tsün

(inches) and each tsün into 10 fan or tenths.

Chapter XII.

PUBLIC WORKS.

During the year under review the operations of the Public Works Department were carried out, under a Head Office Staff, by eleven sub-departments, namely the Accounts and Stores, Architectural, Buildings Ordinance, Crown Lands and Surveys, Drainage, Electrical, Port Development, Roads and Transport, Valuations and Resumptions, Waterworks Construction, and Waterworks Maintenance offices.

2. The European staff comprised 160 officers and the non- European approximately 623.

3. The following is a summary of works carried out during the year:-

BUILDINGS.

4. Works completed were:-New Markets at Bowrington Canal and Arsenal Street; temporary Barrack Sheds for Police on Caine Road; new Quarters for Wireless Operators at the Peak Wireless Station; fire Appliance Sheds at Aberdeen and Aplichau; new Stores for the Hong Kong Volunteer Defence Corps; new

35

Laboratory Building at the Junior Technical School; quarters for a Sexton at Chai Wan Cemetery; a block of Quarters for Nurses at Kowloon Hospital; new Residence for the Director of the Royal Observatory; new Markets at Mong Kok and Tong Mi; a new Fire sub-Station at Shamshuipo; a temporary Post Office at Kowloon Point; two Postal Kiosks; a Revolver Range at King's Park, Kowloon; Government Bungalow at Fanling; a new Dormi- tory Block at Lai Chi Kok Prison; a Furniture Workshop and Store at Hung Hom and a temporary Court Room Building at the Yaumati Magistracy.

5. Works under construction were:-New Gaol at Stanley; new Government Civil Hospital at Pokfulum; new Upper Levels Police Station and an Outpatients Department Building at Kow- loon Hospital.

6. In addition to general maintenance, numerous minor alterations and improvements to Government Buildings were also executed during the year.

COMMUNICATIONS.

7. Works completed were:-A new road to the bathing beaches (South-east of Repulse Bay); Robinson Road, between Peak Road and Glenealy, including a bridge; Blue Pool Road; path to Cape D'Aguilar Wireless Station; Magazine Gap Road (from May Road to Stubbs Road); Middle Gap Road; approach path to "Tanderagee", and Garden Road (from about the Helena May Institute to Macdonnell Road) were widened, and to the latter a new type of non-skid slab footpath was laid; 1st section of the new road between Causeway Bay and Ming Yuen; and a further section commenced towards the end of the year; sur- facing was laid to the 40-feet roads on the Praya East; Waterloo Road was widened from the Disinfecting Station to the Railway Bridge; a path to a temporary park to the South-east of Waterloo Road near the Disinfecting Station; approach road to the Botanical and Forestry Quarters at Lai Chi Kok; portion of Pratas Street from Castle Peak Road was formed; a path to the East of the Polo Ground from Boundary Street; half width of roadway immediately East of La Salle College; access path at Chuk Un leading to experimental block for Kowloon City Villagers; Sai Kung Road was extended eastwards; South of Prince Edward Road; improvements to bends on Taipo Road at 52, 61 and 62 miles; surface between 12 miles and 16 miles was strengthened and improved; approach paths leading to the Senior Police Officers' quarters and to the District Officers Land Court at Taipo were widened and surfaced with concrete; a parking area was formed at the junction of the Fanling-Sha Tau Kok Cross Road; Sha Tau Kok Road was improved and strength- ened in the vicinity of Sha Tau Kok Police Station and also the main road from Fanling-Sha Tau Kok Cross Roads to Fan- ling Cross Roads via Fanling Village and Sheung Shui Railway

36

Station; main bridge at Sheung Shui was extended by the addi- tion of one extra span; road leading to Lok Ma Chau Police Station was strengthened and improved; road to Kam Tin was widened; a length of the main road between Castle Peak and Un Long was tar-painted for a distance of two miles; car park on the Castle Peak Road between 10th and 13th miles; streets at Sha Tau Kok, Taipo Market and Un Long were surfaced, kerbed and channelled in front of new houses.

8. Works under construction were:-New 100 ft. Shaukiwan Road, 1st and 2nd Sections from Causeway Bay to Taikoo Sugar Refinery; new Road to Bathing Beaches (S.E. of Repulse Bay): Robinson Road widening between Peak Road and Gleneally; Blue Pool Road Improvements-1st section; 10 ft. Path from Shek O Gap to Cape D'Aguilar Wireless Station; new Road from Island Road to Stanley; Widening of Magazine Gap Road between May Road and Stubbs Road.

DRAINAGE.

9. New sewers and storm water drains were constructed in Hong Kong to a length of 11,997 feet, open nullahs to a length of 334 feet and parapet walling to open nullahs 933 feet. Anti-malarial Campaign work was completed at Lyeemun and continued at Mt. Parker and Sookunpoo. Streams were trained to a total length of 19,597 feet. In Kowloon, New Kowloon and New Territories, new sewers and storm water drains were con- structed to a length of 14,641 feet; open nullahs full section 113 feet, part section 1,278 feet; parapet walling 232 feet; channelling 1,116 feet. Anti-malarial work at Kowloon Tong:-Nullahs and channels were constructed to a length of 2,642 feet, and "cutting and filling" amounting to 6,928 cubic yards was carried out.

WATER WORKS.

10. In Hong Kong the following lengths of new mains were iaid to improve the distribution system :-432 feet of 12′′, 2,326 feet of 10′′, 566 feet of 8", 3,910 feet of 6′′, and 13,574 feet of smaller sizes. 274 feet of 2′′ subsidiary main were laid in back lanes. The Jardine's Lookout Section of the Eastern Pumping Scheme was practically completed by the end of the year.

The scheme includes two turbine driven ram pumps each capable of delivering 3,600 gallons per hour from Eastern Filter Beds to a service reservoir at 778 A.O.D. through a 5′′ diameter rising main 2,687 feet in length. 4,680 feet of 3′′ and 4′′ diameter distribution mains were laid and a 45,000 gallons balance reservoir above Tai Hang at 533 A.O.D. was nearly completed. A scheme for a similar installation to service the Middle Gap and Mount Cameron Districts was investigated. A scheme to improve the water supply to the Stanley District was investigated and re- ported on. In Kowloon and New Kowloon the following lengths of new mains were laid :-300 feet of 18′′, 6,295 feet of 12",

37

1,286 feet of 10", 1,135 feet of 8′′, 6,278 feet of 6′′, and 1,460 feet of 4". In addition 9,619 feet of subsidiary mains of from 14"-4" diameter were laid. The Yaumati Hill Service Reservoir was completed and brought into use. At Taipo 7,838 feet of 6" and 780 feet of 7" supply mains were laid. At Un Long the first section of a new water supply was nearly completed. The scheme includes intake works with rough filters and 11,600 gallons storage; 22,764 feet of 5′′ and 6′′ piping were laid and the irrigation dam was being reconstructed to provide a dry weather supply for cultivation.

11. The new five million gallons Service Reservoir at Yau- mati Hill was completed.

12. The Second Section of the West Catchwater and the removal of silt from the Lower Reservoir were completed and with the termination of these works the Aberdeen Valley Water Scheme was completed.

13. The Tytam Tuk East, Dragon's Back First Section, Pottinger Peak Second Section and Mount Parker First Section Catchwaters were completed and the Second Section of the Dragon's Back Catchwater was commenced.

14. Preparations were made for the laying of the Second Cross Harbour Pipe, and by the end of the year most of the materials had arrived in the Colony.

RECLAMATIONS.

15. At Tsat Tze Mui, a further seven and a half acres were reclaimed, this completes the reclamation of a section of about twenty-one and a half acres; work was commenced on a further instalment which will bring this reclamation to its seaward limit. The construction of about 700 feet of the sea wall to protect the reclamation at Kennedy Town was continued. The con- struction was completed of a length of about 2,700 feet of the rubble foundations for a sea wall to protect a reclamation of about forty acres at Kun Tong in Kowloon Bay.

ELECTRICAL WORKS.

16. Works completed were:-Telephone cables laid from No. 1 Police Station to Shaukiwan and between Kowloon-Canton Railway Station and Water Police Station; Automatic traffic signal and improved type of traffic control lights installed at Fedder Street and Magazine Gap Road; two police recall signals installed at Sha Tau Kok and Cheung Chau Police Station; Kowloon-Canton Railway Chinese Staff quarters A and B blocks rewired; one fifty-line telephone switch-board installed at Kow- loon Railway Station and an underground lighting cable laid

40

Chapter XIII.

JUSTICE AND POLICE.

1. THE COURTS OF HONG KONG.

The Supreme Court of Hong Kong consists of a Chief Justice and one or more other judges. At present there is one other judge.

2. The jurisdiction of the Court is regulated by a number of Ordinances but generally it may be said that the Court exercises a, Summary Jurisdiction in all actions where the claim does not exceed $1,000 and an Original Jurisdiction in all actions where the claim exceeds that amount.

3. In addition to the above the Court exercises Admiralty, Probate, Divorce, Bankruptcy, Lunacy, Criminal and Appellate Jurisdiction.

4. The following is a brief summary of litigation and matters dealt with during the year 1934 :—

2,781 actions were instituted in the Summary Jurisdiction and the amounts for which judgment was given totalled $477,428.

417 actions were instituted in the Original Jurisdiction and the amounts for which judgment was given totalled $2,772,364.

11 actions were instituted in the Admiralty Jurisdiction.

442 grants were made or grants of other courts sealed in the Frobate Jurisdiction.

135 persons were indicted in the Criminal Jurisdiction of whom 98 were convicted.

10 appeals were lodged in the Appellate Jurisdiction 8 of which were disposed of during the year.

5. The lower civil courts are the land courts in the Northern and Southern districts of the New Territories, with jurisdiction over land cases in those districts, and the small debts courts of the same two districts. In these courts the District Officers sit to hear land and small debts cases.

6. The lower criminal courts are the magistrates' courts, two for Hong Kong island and a small area on the mainland opposite Shaukiwan, two for Kowloon, including the whole area south of the Kowloon hills, and one each for the two districts of the New Territories, in which the District Officers are the magistrates.

41

7. The following figures show the amount of work done by the lower courts in 1934 :-

Civil:-

District Officer North,

Land Court

Small Debts Court

District Officer, South,

Land Court

Small Debts Court

Criminal:-

Hong Kong Magistracy, two courts Kowloon Magistracy, two courts

District Officer, North, one court

District Officer, South, one court

II. THE POLICE.

76 cases.

205

23

186 cases.

62

32,597 cases.

21,220

1,451

91

521

1

8. The Police Force of the Colony is under the control of the Inspector General of Police who is assisted by one Deputy Inspector General and twelve Superintendents. The force con- sists of four Contingents, European, Indian, and two Chinese, viz., Cantonese and Weihaiwei. The strength of the different Contingents is as follows:-

Europeans

Indians

Chinese (Cantonese) Chinese (Weihaiwei)

256

741

655

295

In addition the Police Department controls the Anti-Piracy Guards, a force consisting of thirty-five Russians and twenty- seven Indian Guards including three Sergeants together with four European Sergeants and ninety-six Wei-hai-wei Chinese Constables, who are included in Police Strength. The Anti- Piracy Guards are employed and paid for by the Shipping Companies for service in the China Seas.

9. Further, the department supervises 1,146 Indian and Chinese Watchmen who are engaged by the Police Department. and paid by private individuals for protection of private pro- perty.

10. The waters of the Colony are policed by a fleet of ten steam launches and four motor boats which employ a staff of two hundred and forty-five Chinese under European officers.

43

There are also three Probationer Officers, two males and one female.

18. Lady visitors attend the Female Prison twice weekly to instruct long sentence prisoners in needle work.

19. Visiting Justices inspect and report on the prisons every fortnight.

Chapter XIV.

LEGISLATION.

Forty-one Ordinances were passed during the year 1934. These and also the Regulations, Kules, By-laws and other sub- sidiary legislative enactments are published in a separate volume by the Government Printers. The forty-one Ordinances com- prised two appropriation, four replacement, three incorporation, one consolidation, twenty-seven amendment, and four which were new to the Colony.

2. The Appropriation Ordinance (No. 29) applied a sum not exceeding $20,404,219 to the public service for the year 1935, and Ordinance No. 16 appropriated a supplementary sum of $27,243.67 to defray the charges of the year 1933.

3. Of the four replacement Ordinances:—

The Registration of Persons Ordinance (No. 3) applies with specified exceptions to non-Chinese aliens. It replaced two Ordinances (The Travellers Restriction Ordinance, 1915, and the Registration of Persons Ordinance, 1916) which were passed during the war and which, though still law, were not strictly enforced in recent years. The Immigration and Passports Ordinance (No. 8) enacted new provisions derived mainly from the Straits Settlements Passengers Restriction Ordinance, No. 169, as amended to 1932, and from the existing Passport Regulations of this Colony, in place of the power of regulating the admission of persons into the Colony delegated to the Governor in Council by the Passports Ordinance, 1923, which it replaced. The Trustee Ordinance (No. 18), based on the Trustee Act, 1925, replaced the Trustees Ordinance, and the Cremation Ordinance (No. 40) replaced the Cremation Ordin- ance, 1914.

4. Ordinance No. 10 incorporated the Trustees of the China Fleet Club, Ordinance No. 20 incorporated the Regional Superior in Hong Kong of the Foreign Mission Sisters of St. Dominic commonly knows as Maryknoll Sisters, and Ordinance No. 39 incorporated a Body of Trustees capable of holding property and empowered to administer a trust fund known as the Morrison Scholarships Trust Fund for the purpose of providing scholarships at Queen's College in this Colony. These Ordin- ances followed the usual lines in such cases.

44

5. The Births and Deaths Registration Ordinance (No. 21) consolidated and to some extent amended the law on this subject.

6. The Ordinances new to the Colony were the Hong Kong Dollar Loan Ordinance (No. 11), which empowered the Governor to raise a loan of $25,000,000 in bearer bonds at 31 per cent interest for various public works, the Colonial (Bahamas and Leeward Islands) Light Dues Ordinance (No. 15) which implemented an Order of His Majesty in Council dated the 17th December, 1931, under section 670 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1894, by providing for levying in Hong Kong, colonial light dues in respect of twelve lighthouses and a buoy on or near the coasts mentioned, hitherto maintained mainly from light dues collected in Great Britain, Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State, the Government House and City Development Scheme Ordinance (No. 30), and the Sand Ordinance (No. 41).

7. The twenty seven amending Ordinances covered a wide range of subjects, viz: Commissioners Powers (No. 1), Merchandise Marks (Nos. 2 and 38), Sunday Cargo Working (No. 4), Railways (Nos. 5 and 35), Merchant Shipping (Nos. 6 and 25), Opium (No. 7), Miscellaneous Licences (No. 9), Pensions (No. 12), Marriage (No. 13), Protection of Women and Girls (No. 14), Summary Offences (No. 17), Crown Counsel's Fees (No. 19), Coroner's Abolition (No. 22), Jury (No. 23), Official Signatures Fees (No. 24), Betting Duty (No. 26), Supreme Court (No. 27), Printers and Publishers (No. 28), Empire Preference (No. 31), Estate Duty (No. 32), Evidence (No. 33), Dangerous Goods (No. 34), Police Force (No. 36), and Criminal Procedure (No. 37).

8. Similarly, the subsidiary legislation covered a wide range of subjects, including Supreme Court rules, Marriage, Merchandise Marks, Merchant Shipping, Public Health and Buildings, Waterworks, Vehicles and Traffic Regulation, Ferries, Places of Public Estertainment Regulation, Post Office, Printers and Publishers, Bankruptcy rules, Liquors, Tobacco and Pensions.

+

Chapter XV.

PUBLIC FINANCE & TAXATION.

The following tables show the Revenue and Expenditure for the five years 1930 to 1934 inclusive.

Revenue. Expenditure. Surplus. Deficit. $27,818,473 $28,119,646

1930

$301,173

1931

33,146,724 31,160,774

1,985,950

1932

33,549,716 32,050,283

1,499,433

1933

32,099,278 31,122,715

976,563

1934

29,574,286 31,149,156

-- 1,574,870

.

}

44

5. The Births and Deaths Registration Ordinance (No. 21) consolidated and to some extent amended the law on this subject.

6. The Ordinances new to the Colony were the Hong Kong Dollar Loan Ordinance (No. 11), which empowered the Governor to raise a loan of $25,000,000 in bearer bonds at 31 per cent interest for various public works, the Colonial (Bahamas and Leeward Islands) Light Dues Ordinance (No. 15) which implemented an Order of His Majesty in Council dated the 17th December, 1931, under section 670 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1894, by providing for levying in Hong Kong, colonial light dues in respect of twelve lighthouses and a buoy on or near the coasts mentioned, hitherto maintained mainly from light dues collected in Great Britain, Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State, the Government House and City Development Scheme Ordinance (No. 30), and the Sand Ordinance (No. 41).

7. The twenty seven amending Ordinances covered a wide range of subjects, viz: Commissioners Powers (No. 1), Merchandise Marks (Nos. 2 and 38), Sunday Cargo Working (No. 4), Railways (Nos. 5 and 35), Merchant Shipping (Nos. 6 and 25), Opium (No. 7), Miscellaneous Licences (No. 9), Pensions (No. 12), Marriage (No. 13), Protection of Women and Girls (No. 14), Summary Offences (No. 17), Crown Counsel's Fees (No. 19), Coroner's Abolition (No. 22), Jury (No. 23), Official Signatures Fees (No. 24), Betting Duty (No. 26), Supreme Court (No. 27), Printers and Publishers (No. 28), Empire Preference (No. 31), Estate Duty (No. 32), Evidence (No. 33), Dangerous Goods (No. 34), Police Force (No. 36), and Criminal Procedure (No. 37).

8. Similarly, the subsidiary legislation covered a wide range of subjects, including Supreme Court rules, Marriage, Merchandise Marks, Merchant Shipping, Public Health and Buildings, Waterworks, Vehicles and Traffic Regulation, Ferries, Places of Public Estertainment Regulation, Post Office, Printers and Publishers, Bankruptcy rules, Liquors, Tobacco and Pensions.

+

Chapter XV.

PUBLIC FINANCE & TAXATION.

The following tables show the Revenue and Expenditure for the five years 1930 to 1934 inclusive.

Revenue. Expenditure. Surplus. Deficit. $27,818,473 $28,119,646

1930

$301,173

1931

33,146,724 31,160,774

1,985,950

1932

33,549,716 32,050,283

1,499,433

1933

32,099,278 31,122,715

976,563

1934

29,574,286 31,149,156

-- 1,574,870

.

}

45

2. The revenue for the year 1934 amounted to $29,574,286 being $2,157,339 less than estimated and $2,524,992 less than the revenue obtained in 1933.

3. Duties on imported liquor and tobacco were less than estimated as they are on a sterling basis and were reckoned on an exchange rate of $1=1/3 whereas the average rate throughout the year was over 1/6/16 Assessed Taxes fell short of estimates by $96,771 due to vacant tenements and large shortfalls were shown by the Opium Monopoly of $644,932 and in Stamp Duties of $282,583. A shortfall amounting to $116,393 was shown under Water Excess and Meter Rents due to 10% rebate allowed from 1st April and 15% rebate allowed from 1st September. Land Sales were less than estimated to the extent of $641,507.

to

4. The expenditure for the year

1934 amounted $31,149,156 being $2,293,539 less than estimated and $26,441 more than the expenditure in 1933.

5. Ordinary expenditure amounted to $27,364,990, Public Works Extraordinary to $3,784,166. Large Savings were made under Personal Emoluments when compared with the estimates, provision being made for $12,955,767 but only $11,213,115 was expended. By far the greater part of the saving is due to the rise in the sterling value of the dollar. Under Other Charges savings were also effected, the total provision being $4,871,357 against $4,294,183 expended. For the first time for many years Public Works Extraordinary exceeded the original estimates. By a resolution of Council dated the 26th July 1934 an extra sum of $752,000 was placed at the disposal of the Director of Public Works to be spent on a variety of Services.

6. Debt. The Inscribed Stock Loans of 1893 and 1906 amounting to £1,485,733 were redeemed on the 15th October. The 4% conversion loan raised in 1933 amounted to $4,838,000 and the Sinking Fund established in 1934 amounted at 31st December 1934 to £12,311.2.1. In July 1934 a 3% dollar loan was raised to finance certain public works and to redeem a portion of the Sterling inscribed stock. Bonds to the amount of $14,000,000 were issued at 99% producing $13,860,000. The loan bears 31% interest and is redeemable by drawings at par in each of the twenty five years commencing in 1935 at the annual rate of one twenty fifth of such issue. Ordinance No 11 of 1934 governs this issue and authorises the Governor to borrow up to a total of $25,000,000. The total public debt of the Colony on 31st December 1934 amounted to $18,838,000 equal to about 8 months revenue as things are at present.

46

7. The Assets and Liabilities of the Colony on the 31st December, 1934, are shown in the following statement:-

LIABILITIES.

CA

e.

ASSETS.

$

C.

DEPOSITS :-

ADVANCES:-

Contractors and

Purchase of three

Officers Deposits..

521,085.50

Locomotives for

Chinese Section

Suitors Fund

43,638.29

Kowloon Canton

Railway....

147,468.26

Insurance Com-

panies

1,762,946.51

Miscellaneous

237,642.32

Miscellaneous De-

posits

Building Loans.

738,250.94

2,176,481.29

Imprest Account

9,476.27

House Service

Account

23,614.27 Subsidiary Coin

1,261,981.10

Government House

Trade Loan Outstand-

and City Develop-

ment Fund

ing..

553,500.50

1,218,741.28

Unallocated Stores,

(P.W.D.)

573,052.47

Suspense Account...

975,589.24 Unallocated

Stores,

(Railway)

170,372.02

Exchange Adjust-

ment

28,038.16 Dollar Loan Account...j

217,067.30

Trade Loan Reserve.. 1,073,017.94 | Cash Balance:-

Crown Agents

15,762.01

Praya East Reclama-

tion

Treasurer

2,334,087.55

112,175.27

*Joint Colonial Fund 2,913,103.46

Coal Account

2,092.09 Fixed Deposits:-

Total Liabilities.. 7,937,419.84

General .$8,800,000.00 Insurance

Companies 1,762,946,51

Miscellaneous 451,464.37

Excess of Assets

11,014,410.88

over Liabilities.... 12,248,755.24

Total.....

$20,186,175.08

Total..

$20,186,175.08

*Joint Colonial Fund £242,000. Os. Od.

8. Main Heads of Taxation.—The largest item of revenue is derived from the assessment tax, the sum of $6,603,229 being collected in 1934. This represents 22.32% of the total revenue

....

47

or 22.76% of the revenue exclusive of land sales. The rates vary from 15% to 17% on the annual value of property and are for police, lighting and water services, etc. Port and Harbour Dues comprising Light Dues and Buoy Dues brought in the sum of $565,457.69.

9. Duties on intoxicating liquors realized $1,973,845, to- bacco $2,953,834, postage stamps and message fees $1,829,298. A considerable sum is also derived from the opium monopoly, land revenue, stamp duties including estate duties and other fees. Land Sales during the year realized $558,473. The receipts of the Kowloon-Canton Railway which was completed in 1910 amounted to $1,639,775.

10. Customs Tariff.-There is an import tariff on all liquor, tobacco and light oils imported into the Colony for sale or use therein. There is no export tariff. The sale of opium is a Government Monopoly, and all importation of opium other than by the Government is prohibited. The importation of Dangerous Drugs is regulated in accordance with the terms of the Geneva Convention. Arms, ammunition, explosives and dangerous goods are subject to the normal Harbour and Police Regulations in regard to storage and movement. A special Foreign Registration fee of 20% of the value of a motor vehicle is payable in respect of any vehicle not produced within the British Empire.

11. The duties on imported liquor range from $0.60 per gallon on beer to $1.20 on Chinese liquor and to $10 on sparkling European wines. The duties are collected on a sterling basis, the conventional dollars in the tariff being converted at a rate which is varied from time to time according to the market rate of exchange between the local dollar and sterling. A 50% reduction in duty is allowed in respect of brandy grown or produced within the British Empire.

12. The duties on tobacco range from $0.63 per lb. on the lowest taxed unmanufactured tobacco to $2 per lb. on cigars. The duties are collected on a sterling basis in the same manner as the liquor duties.

13. A duty of 25 cents per gallon is payable on all light oils imported into the Colony.

14. Excise and Stamp Duties.-The same duty is imposed on liquors (mainly Chinese type) manufactured in the Colony as on imported liquors, but prior to March 1935 was not payable. on a sterling basis.

15. Stamp Duties are imposed on various instruments and where a consideration is involved are mainly ad valorem. The following are examples of the duties charged:-Affidavits, Statu- tory Declaration, etc., $3; Bills of Exchange (inward) and

Appendix A.

FINANCIAL RETURNS FOR THE

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF THE REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE FOR THE

Estimates,

Actual Revenue

Revenue for same period

Heads of Revenue.

1934.

to 31st December,

Increase.

Decrease.

Heads of Expenditur

of preceding

year.

1934.

C.

C.

Duties

5,665 000

5,707,389.28

5,833,467-31

Port and Harbour Dues

695,000

565,457.69 679,385.40



C.

Licences and Internal Re- venue not otherwise specified -

15,963,375 14,662,796.51 16,664,798.59

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes, and Reim- bursements in Aid

2,266,250 2,214,626.85 2,210,463.72

4,163.13

Post Office

2,020,000 1,829,297.90 1,883,654.78

Kowloon-Canton Railway -

1,581,000

1,639,775.07 1,630,610.83

9,164.24

Rent of Government Pro-

perty, Land and Houses -

1,545,000

1,648,524.29 1,512,270.21

136,254.08

Interest

230,000 196,573.71 306,326.19

Miscellaneous Receipts -

566,000 551,371.70

405,439.62

145,932.08

$

C.

126,078.03

H. E. the Governor Colonial Secretary's Off and Legislature

Secretariat for Chine

Affairs

Treasury -

113,927.71

Audit Department

2,002,002.08

54,355.88

109,752.48

414,388.62

District Office, North-

Do., Communications :-

South

(a) Post Office (b) Do. Wirel

Telegraph Servic Imports & Exports Offic Harbour Department -

Do.

Service

Royal Observatory-

Fire Brigade

Supreme Court - Attorney General

-

-

Crown Solicitor's Office Official Receiver -

Land Office

-

-

Magistracy, Hong Kon

Do., Kowloon Police Force- Prisons Department - Medical Department Sanitary Department - Botanical and Forest

Department -

Education Department Kowloon-Canton Railw Defence :-

(a) Volunteer Defen

Corps

(b) Military Contrib

tion

Miscellaneous Services Charitable Services Charge on Account

Public Debt-

Pensions

-

Public Works Depar

ment

Public Works, Recurrer

Total (exclusive of Land

Sales)-

30,531,625 29,015,813.00|| 31,126,416.65 295,513.53 2,406,117.18

Land Sales, (Premia on

New Leases)

1,200,000 558,472.57 972,861.19

TOTAL

31,731,625

29,574,285-57 32,099,277.84

295,513.53 2,820,505.80

Deduct

Net

27th March, 1935.

295,513-53

$ 2,524.992.27

Do.,

Extraordinar

Government House a

City Development -

TOTAL

Appendix A.

L

RETURNS FOR THE YEAR 1934.

JUE AND EXPENDITURE FOR THE PERIOD ENDED 31ST DECEMBER, 1934.

Expenditure for same period of preceding

Estimates,

Decrease.

Heads of Expenditure.

1934.

Actual Expenditure to 31st December,

1934.

year.

Increase.

Decrease.

C.

C.

C.

69

C.

C.

126,078.03

H. E. the Governor

173,504

155,716.31

164,344.89

8,628.58

Colonial Secretary's Office

and Legislature

314,300

283,443.13

281,177-54

2,265.59

113,927.71

Secretariat for Chinese

Affairs

168,767

141,831.49

175,321.51

33,490.02

Treasury -

294,518

235.752.18

286,510.94

50,758.76

Audit Department

120,866

101.857-39

112,846.31

10,988.92

District Office, North -

69,844

67.365.49

65,758.25

1.607.24

2,002,002.08

Do.,

South -

45,175

41,790.00

47,116.63

5,326.63

13

་་་

Communications :-

(a) Post Office

(b) Do. Wireless

Telegraph Services-

Imports & Exports Office - Harbour Department -

Do.

Air

501,637

443,263.66

486,366.80

43,103.14

178,174

158,301.08

159,289.80

463,025

364,104.95

723,839.62

+

1,169,562

976,609.75

997,996.97

988.72 359,734.67 21,387.22

Service

-

167,238

50,957.36

13,899.75

37,057.51

54,355.88

Royal Observatory-

70,856

60,587.19

63,165.42

2,578.23

Fire Brigade

357,576

328,282.13

307,896.84

20,385.29

Supreme Court -

283,005

249,032.71

24+,996.00

4,036.71

Attorney General

68,596

63,432.77

58,305.10

5,127.67

24

Crown Solicitor's Office

73,313

41,788.82

56,115.08

14,326.26

Official Receiver -

35,422

22,832.02

27,126.48

4,294.46

Land Office

70,261

52.896.92

66,100.37

13,203.45

Magistracy, Hong Kong

71,512

78,215.85

69,373-77

8,842.08

Do., Kowloon

34,593

38,731.99

32,404.86

6,327.13

58

Police Force-

3,093,466

2,808,047-57

2,836,532.08

28,484.51

Prisons Department

898,503

829.798.71

853,873.28

24,074.57

Medical Department

1,745,589

1,505,264.05

1,414,081.59

91,182.46

Sanitary Department

I,179,394

1,051,797.13

1,024,574.36

27,222.77

109,752.48

Botanical and Forestry

Department -

136,423

127,403.14

126.761.87

641.27

Education Department

2,007,363

1,781,163.76

1,866,626.90

85,463.14

Kowloon-Canton Railway

1,142,781

989,167.28

886,381.12

102,786.16

08

Defence

-

(a) Volunteer Defence

Corps

173,113

153,222.62

131,691.79

21,530.83

1

(b) Military Contribu-

tion

Miscellaneous Services Charitable Services

-

4,974,152

5,068,138.79

5,694,558.60

626,419.81

1,528,270

1,960,653.92

1,504,549.67

456,104.25

201,041

163,959.57

J-8,940.91

14,981.34

53

2,406,117.18

Charge on Account of

Public Debt-

Pensions

1,439,308 1,233,582.62 2,090,000 1,748,117.11

1,218,695.12

14,887.50

1,876,564.93

128,447.82

Public Works Depart-

ment.

414,388.62

Public Works, Recurrent-

2,718,748 2.304,640.98 1,690,850 1,683,239.71

2,222,873.71

81,767.27

1,553,606.84

129,632.87

Do., Extraordinary

29,750,745 3,591,950

27,364,990.15

27,830,265.70

3,784,165.51

3,292,449.05

1,011,404.70 1,476,680.25

491,716.46

33.342,695 31,149,155.66

31,122,714-75 1,503,121.16 1,476,680.25

Government House and City Development -

100,000

53

2,820,505.80

295,513.53

-

$2,524,992.27

TOTAL

33,442,695

31,149,155.66 31,122,714-75

1,503.121.16

1,476,680.25

Deduct

$ 1,476,680.25

Net

$ 26,440.91

EDWIN TAYLOR,

Appendix A (1)

HONG KONG.

REPORT ON THE FINANCES FOR THE YEAR 1934.

The Revenue for the year amounted to $29,574,286 and the Expenditure was $31,149,156. Expenditure therefore ex- ceeded Revenue by $1,574,870. The approved estimated revenue for the year was $31,731,626 while the revised figure was $29,670,634, a decrease of $2,060,991. The approved estimate of expenditure for the year was shown as $33,442,695, and the revised estimate amounted to $30,893,000. The actual expenditure was $256,156 above the revised estimates.

2. The following statement shows the Revenue and Ex- penditure for each of the years of the last decade:

Year.

Revenue.

Expendi

ture.

Surplus.

Deficit.

$

$

1925...... 23,244,366

28,266,818

$

$

5,022,452

2,393,134

499,471

1926...... 21,131,582 23,524,716

1927...... 21,344,536 20,845,065

1928...... 24,968,399 21,230,242 3,738,157

1929...... 23,554,475 21,983,257 1,571,218

1930...... 27,818,473 28,119,646

1931...... 33,146,724 31,160,774 1,985,950

1932...... 33,549,716 32,050,283 1,499,433

1933...... 32,099,278 31,122,715

301,173

976,563

1934...... 29,574,286 31,149,156

1,574,870

REVENUE.

3. The largest individual item of revenue is derived from the assessment tax, the sum of $6,603,229 being collected. This represents 22.33% of the total revenue or 22.76% of the revenue exclusive of land sales.

A (1) 2

A

4. In the following table the actual revenue for the year 1934 is compared with the revenue of the previous year and with the estimate for 1934.

Heads of Revenue.

Actual 1933

Estimates 1934

Actual

1934

Duties

Port & Harbour Dues

Licences and Internal Revenue not

otherwise specified

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes, and Reimburse- ments in Aid......

Post Office......

Kowloon-Canton Railway

Rent of Government Property, Land

and Houses

Interest

Miscellaneous Receipts

C.

C.

C.

5,665,000 695,000

5,707,389.28 565,457.69

5,833,167.31 679.385.40

16,664,798.59 15,963,375 | 14,662,796,51

2,210,463,72

2.266,250 2,214,626.85

1,883,654.78

2.020,000 1,829,297.90

1,630,610.83

1,581,000

1,639,775.07

1,512,270 21

1,545,000

1,648.524.29

306,326,19

230,000

196,573.71

405,439.62

566,000 551,371.70

Total (exclusive of Land Sales).............. 31,126,416.65 30,531,625 29,015,813.00

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)... 972,861.19 1,200,000 558,472.57

Total.....

$32,099,277.84 31,731,625 29,574,285.57

5. The actual revenue for the year fell short of the estimate by $2,157,339. The largest decreases occurred in Port and Har- bour Dues $129,542, Licences and Internal Revenue, etc., $1,300,578. Post Office $190,702 and Land Sales $641,527, but receipts from Kowloon-Canton Railway increased by $58,775 and Rent of Government Property by $103,524.

6. The principal increases over the amounts as estimated were as follows:

Duties.

Estimate.

Actual.

Increase.

$

Import duty Motor Spirit

675,000

705,544

30,544

Tobacco

2,800,000 2,953,834 153,834

Increased consumption.

A (1) 3-

Licences and Internal Revenue not Otherwise Specified :-

Estimate.

Actual.

Increase.

$

$

90,000

101,087

11,087

Hawker

More licences.

Vehicles Motor Special Licens-

ing fees. Foreign Registration.

15,000 28,333

13,333

More Foreign vehicles

imported.

Estate Duty

1,000,000 1,077,717

77,717

Two large estates account-

ed for $212,793.

Fees of Court or Office Payments for Specific Purposes and

Reimbursements in Aid :·

China Companies

More Registrations.

Estimate.

Actual. Increase.

$

$

$

150,000

177,868

27,868

Crown Leases

Result of Land Sales in

25,000 35.910 10,910

previous years.

Earth and Stone Permits N.T.

12,500 23,196

10,696

More building works.

Medical Examination of Emi-

grants

100,000

145,208

45,208

Increase in number of Emigrants.

Possession

More distress warrants and

writs of execution issued.

22,000

32,473

10,473

A (1) 4 —

Kowloon-Canton Railway.

Estimate. Actual. Increase.

$

Goods Service, Goods Foreign

Line

40,000

54,419

14,419

Better working facilities.

Incidental

Revenue, Home

Line

5,650

19,399

13,749

Increase of Platform

tickets, confiscated goods,

etc.

Auxiliary operations, Foreign

Haulage

Increase of haulage charges

on fast goods trains and mid-day fast through trains from October.

148,000 227,330

79,330

Rent of Government Property, Land and Houses.

Estimate. Actual.

Increase.

$

$

$

Buildings

67,000

106,608

39,608

More buildings leased in-

cluding City Hall.

Leased Lands (Crown Rent Ex-

clusive of N.T.)

530,000

604,754 74,754

Increase in land leased.

Miscellaneous Receipts.

Royalty payable by Hong Kong and Yaumati Ferry Co.......

More passengers.

Realization of Sterling Securi-

ties

Profit on realization.

Subsidiary Coins

Profit on Minting.

Estimate.

Actual. Increase.

80,000

90,631

10,631

14,408

14,408

12,111

12,111

A (1) 5

7. The principal decreases over the amounts as estimated were as follows:

Import Duty on Liquor

Duties.

Estimate.

Actual. Decrease.

$

$

$

1,000,000

910,172

89,828

Less consumption and

higher exchange.

Import Duty on Perfumed

Spirit

General Trade depression.

and higher exchange.

Duty on Locally Manufactured

Liquor

90,000 74,166

15,834

1,100,000 1,063,673 36,327

Less Consumption.

Port and Harbour Dues.

Estimate.

$

Actual. Decrease.

Light Dues

535,000 431,537 103,463

Higher Exchange.

Buoy Dues

160,000

133,920 26,080

Fewer Vessels using Buoys.

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise specified.

Estimate.

Actual.

$

$

Liquor Licences

410,000

376,814

Trade depression.

Decrease.

$

33,186

Opium Monopoly

1,300,000 655,068

644,932

Decrease in Sales.

Pawnbroker Licences

280,000 199,250

80,750

Many pawnshops closed.

Assessed Taxes (Rates)

Vacant tenements.

6,700,000 6,603,229 96,771

A (1) 6-

280,000

166,754

113,246

Bets and Sweeps Tax

Less Betting and reduc- tion in Pari-mutuel per- centage.

Entertainment Tax

300,000 262,975 37,025

Fewer attendances at

Cinemas.

Stamp Duties

2,200,000 1,917,417

282,583

Continued trade depres-

sion.

Water Excess Supply and

Meter Rents

10% rebate allowed on excess water from 1st April, 1934, and 15% re- bate allowed from 1st Sep- tember, 1934.

Fines

Variable.

2,000,000 1,883,607

116,393

207,000 182,529 24,471

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for Specific Purposes, and Reimbursements in Aid.

Estimate. Actual.

Decrease.

$

$

$

Deeds Registration

104,000

79,581

24,419

Fewer deeds registered.

Gunpowder Storage

50,000 38,078

11,922

Over estimated.

Public School Fees

285,000 243,566

41,434

Fewer pupils.

Water Service

40,000 18,690

21,310

Fewer new services.

Widows' and Orphans' Pen-

sions Contributions .......

Higher rate of exchange

380,000

336,000 .44,000

Post Office.

Estimate. Actual.

Decrease.

$

$

$

Message Fees

720,000

640,923

79,077

Postage

1,300,000 1,188,375

111,625

Reduction in rates

A (1) 7 -

Kowloon-Canton Railway.

Passenger Service, Passenger

Foreign Line

The new working agree- ment came into force from 1st October, 1934 whereby this Section received 28% instead of 35%.

Passenger Service, Passengers

Estimate.

Actual.

Decrease.

$

$

$

650,000

629,569

20,431

Home Line

665,000

642,218 22.782

Fewer local passengers

Goods Service, Others,

Home Line

30,000

18,739 11,261

Less bricks & other goods

carried

Rent of Government Property, Land and Houses.

Estimate. Actual. Decrease.

Lands Not Leased

Fewer permits

Interest

$

$

300,000 283,717

16,283

Interest.

Estimate. Actual.

Decrease.

$

$

$

230,000

196,574

33,426

Higher Exchange and Sale of Sterling Securities

Miscellaneous Receipts.

Conservancy Contract

25,000

4.733

20,267

Contractor's failure to

carry out contract

Other Miscellaneous Receipts.... 100,000

80,264 19,736

Variable

Royalty payable by the

Kowloon Motor Bus Co....... 140,000

128,094 11,906

Over estimated

Premia on New Leases

Land Sales.

Estimate.

Actual.

Decrease.

$

$

$

1,200,000

558,473

641,527

Decreased demand for land

8. A list of the alterations and additions in General Taxation, Postage Rates and of the increases and adjust- ments in Licence Fees and other Receipts during the year 1934 is shown in the following Schedule.

Heads.

1.-DUTIES.

Old Fees.

New Fees.

Effective From.

Import Duty on Liquor.

On all other beer (as defined in the $0.60 per gallon. Ordinance but exclusive of cider and perry) imported in concentrated form, or as ale basis, or malt and hops concentrate.

a

3.-LICENCES & INTERNAL REVENUE.

(A) Licences.

$0.60 per gallon with the 14th June, 1934. addition of 1 cent per

gallon for every degree

by which the original gravity exceeds 1045°.

Dogs-Extended to New Territory (Main- land)

Liquor. Extension of Hours.

Licensed Premises

Private Parties

Massage Establishment

Public Dance Halls

∙A (1) 8 –

་་

Dog

$3.00

29th June, 1934.

Bitch

$6.00

1 hour $50.00 each sub- sequent hour $100.00.

$25.00

16th November, 1934.

$50.00

""

1 hour $25.00 each sub- sequent hour $50.00.

$10.00

$20.00

""

$25.00 p.a.

1st January, 1934.

$120.00 p.a.

"

Heads.

Public Dance Halls Temporary

extension 1 hour

27

2 hours.

""

"

3 hours..

""

""

"

"?

Old Fees.

New Fees.

Effective From.

$20.00

p.a.

1st January, 1934.

$10.00

$30.00

$60.00

Vehicles-Tricycles

Tricycle Drivers

(B) Internal Revenue.

Bets & Sweeps Tax

$6.00 p.a.

$0.30 p.a.

,

21% of the amount paid Percentages graded accord- 14th Sept., 1934,

contributed or sub- scribed.

Water Excess Supply & Meter Rents

Flat Rate per Unit.

ing to annual turn-

over.

10% temporary rebate allowed on all new accounts issued in re- spect of rated tenements etc. 15% temporary rebate allowed on all new accounts issued in re- spect of rated tenements etc.

1st April, 1934.

1st September, 1934.

4.-FEES OF COURT ETC.

(A) Fees.

Births and Deaths Registration

Graded.

Graded.

13th August, 1934.

A (1) 9

Heads.

Old Fees.

New Fees.

Effective From.

$0.10

1st August, 1934.

or

$20.00

23rd March, 1934.

China Companies-For a certified copy or extract of any other document or any part of any other document where the copy or extract has not been prepared in the office of the Registrar, per folic of 72 words

Fees of Court--Original Jurisdiction.

Settling and filing judgment or Decree or Decretal Order, including judg- ment in default of appearance under S. 22 of Code, judgment after appearance under S. 23 of Code, and Order for account under S. 24 of Code, whether in default of or after appearance.... Settling & filing any other orders in-

cluding order for judgment after appearance under S. 23 of Code...

Order for judgment Decree under Secs. 22, 23 or 24 of Code.

$20.00

Settling and filing a judgment

or Decree or Decretal Order, whether on the original hear- ing of a cause or on further consideration $6.00.

Settling and filing any other order whether made in Court or in Chambers $5.00.

$6.00

"



A (1) 10

Heads.

Old Fees.

New Fees.

Effective From.

Fees of Court-Summary Jurisdiction.

Concurrent, Writ of Summons (including ser- vice settling down & hearing)......

renewed or amended.

$2.00

23rd March, 1934.

Prohibitory Order or Garnishee Order and Copy (including service)

Prohibitory Order and Copy (in- cluding Service) $4.00.

$4.00

Drawing up and filing any Decree or Order not hereintofore referred to, including Copy

For each additional copy

Fumigation and Disinfection

Official Certificates-Registration of Nurses Graded.

Official Signatures-For the signature of

the Head of the Sanitary Department.

Drawing up and entering any Decree or Order, including copy $2.50

$2.50

$1.00

Graded.

1st October, 1934.

Graded.

18th December, 1934.

$5.00

24th August, 1934.

A (1) 11



Heads.

Survey of Steamships-Fees for Passenger and Safety Certificates

Fees increased 16-2/3% as per B.O.T. minute No. M. 4622/32 dated

March, 22nd 1932..

Not exceeding 50 tons

Exceeding 50 & not exceeding 100.......

Exceeding 100 and not exceeding 300. Exceeding 300 and not exceeding 600. For every additional 300 or part of 300 tons up to a total tonnage of 21,000 tons, an additional.

For every additional 300 tons, exceed-| ing a total tonnage of 21,000 tons and not exceeding a total tonnage of 39,000 tons, an additional...

For every additional 300 tons or part of 300 tons, exceeding a total tonnage of 39,000 tons, an addi- tional

1

Old Fees.

New Fees.

Effective From.

£.

8. d.

7. 12.

11. 8.

14.

2. 17.

!

!

1st January, 1934.

1. 18.

**

19.

"

"

"

>>

""

"

A (1) 12-

Heads.

Old Fees.

New Feés.

Effective From.

*

(B) Receipts.

Medical Treatment

Graded.

""

X-Ray Examination...

$5.00 per trip.

"

Scavenging-Removing trade refuse........

Postage

Removing manure from steamships

Removing refuse from Naval

Dockyard

5.-POST OFFICE.

7.-RENT OF GOVERNMENT PROPERTY

Graded.

""

$10.00 per load Hong Kong $5.00 per load Kowloon.

$4.00 each ship per month. $3.00 per load.

1st April, 1934.

1st January, 1934.

22nd May, 1934. :-

"}

1st September, 1934.

$10.00 per month.

$100.00 per month.

1st October, 1934.

British Empire rate via Suez and

via the Pacific.

$0.12 per ounce.

$0.10 per ounce.

3 lb.

1.80

7 lb.

3.20

11 lb.

4.50

22 lb.

8.10

3 lb. 7 lb. 1.40 2.50

11 lb.

3.50

22 lb.

6.00

Air Mail Rates Graded.

Parcel Post to United Kingdom.

Graded 15%-20% reductions.

1st July, 1934. 1st June, 1934.

1st November, 1934.

LAND AND HOUSES.

Stone Quarries

$20.00

Leased by Public Action $70.00. Leased by Private Treaty $100.00.

15th October, 1934.

13

A (1) 14

Expenditure.

www.

9. The expenditure for the year amounted to $31,149,156 against an estimate of $33,442,695 a decrease of $2,293,539. The total sum of $31,149,156 is made up as follows:-

Ordinary Expenditure

$27,364,990

Extraordinary Expenditure Public Works... 3,784,166

Ordinary Expenditure for the year was $27,364,990 against $27,830,266 in the preceding year showing a decrease of $465,276.

In the following table the actual expenditure for the year 1934 is compared with the expenditure of the previous year and with the estimates for 1934.

A (1) 15

Heads of Expenditure.

Actual 1933

Estimates, 1934

Actual 1934

$

"c.

$

$ c.

His Excellency the Governor.

164,344.89

173,501

155,716.31

Colonial Secretary's Office and

Legislature

281,177.54

314,300

283,143.13

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

175,321,51

168,767

141,831.49

Treasury...

Audit Department

District Office, North

286,510.94

294,518

235,752.18

112,846.31

120,866

101,857.39

65,758.25

69,814

67,365.49

Do,

South

47,116.63

45,175

41,790.00

(4)-Post Office

486,366.80

501,637

443,263.66

(B) Do. Wireless Telegraph

Services

159,289.80

178,174

158,301.08

Imports and Exports Office

723,839.62

463,025

364,101.95

(A)-Harbour Department

997.996.97

1,169,562

976,609.75

(B)— Do. Air Service...

13,899.75

167,238

50,957.36

Royal Observatory

63,165.42

70,856

60,587.19

Fire Brigade



307,896.84

357,576

328,282.13

Supreme Court

244,996.00

283,005

249,032.71

Attorney General's Office

Crown Solicitor's Office

Official Receiver's Office

58,305.10

68,596

63,432.77

56,115.08

73,313

41,788.82

27,126.48

35,422

22,832.02

Land Office

...

66,100.37

70,261

52,896.92

Magistracy, Hong Kong

69,373.77

71,512

78,215.85

Do.. Kowloon

Police Force ...

32,404.86

34,593

38,731.99

2,836,532.08

3,093,466

2,808,047.57

Prison Department

853,873.28

898,503

$29,798.71

Medical Department

1,414,081.59

1,745,589

1,505,261.05

Sanitary Department

1,024,674 36

1,179,391

1,051,797.13

Botanical & Forestry Department

126,761,87

136,423

127,403.14

Education Department

1,866,626.90

2,007,363

1,781,163.76

Kowloon-Canton Railway

886,38.12

1,142,781

989,167.28

(4)-Volunteer Defence Corps...

131,691.79

173,113

153,222,62

(B)-Military Contribution

5,694,558.60

4,974,152

5,068,138.79

Miscellaneous Services

1,504,549.67

1,528,270

1,960.653.92

Charitable Services

178,910.91

201,011

163,959.57

Charge on Account of Public

Debt.

1,218,695.12

1,439,308

1,233,582.62

Pensions...

1.876,564.93

2,090,000

1,748,117.11

Public Works Department.

2,222,873.71

2,718,748

2,304,640.98

Do.

Recurrent

1,553,606.84

1,690,850 1.683,239.71

27,830,265.70

29,750,745 27,364,990.15

Public Works Extraordinary

3,292,449.05

3,591,950

3,784,165,51

31,122,714,75

33,342,695

31,149,155 66

Government House and City

Development...

100,000

TOTAL...

31,122,714,75

33,412,695 31,149,155.66

A (1) 16

10. The Principal Heads showing increases and decreases were as follows:

INCREASES.

Magistracy, Hong Kong

Magistracy, Kowloon

$6,704.00

$4,139.00

These increases were due to changes in personnel. Miscellaneous Services

$432,384.00

The principal increases were as under. Depreciation of Sterling Funds $413,118 due to higher dollar sterling exchange. Transport of Government servants cost $25,530 more than estimated. Rent Allowances to Senior Officers, European Sub- ordinate Officers and Asiatic Subordinate Officers accounted for $3,145, $10,001 and $12,700 respectively above the original estimate. Savings of $29,976 on Stationery and many small savings on sterling grants-in-aid to Institutions were due to higher exchange. $21,821 was also saved under "Other Miscellaneous Services"

Public Works Extraordinary

$192,216.00

The gross increase on sub-heads amounted to $1,052,196 offset by under expenditure on other sub-heads of $859,980 resulting in the net excess recorded above. The principal excesses over the amounts orignally estimated were Eastern Pumping Scheme $37,312 due to the work proceeding more rapidly. Anti-Malaria work $56,046 owing to more drainage work being executed. Formation of Dumping Ground at Kung Tong required a further $99,340 as the work proceeded more rapidly. Favourable progress was made with the Un Long Water Supply and required a further $35,344. The following are some of the more important works which were not estimated for orignally but provided by supplementary votes during the year:-Shaukiwan Road Widening, 2nd Section, $92,183, the bulk of this money was spent on resumptions. North Point reclamation $29,290. Resumption of I. L. No. 754 $89,700. for the establishment of a public health centre in the Western District. Resumption of I. L. Nos. 807 and 808 $187,850. This is the property known as the Albany and was acquired for road widening and for extending the Botanical Gardens. $50,000 was paid in connection with exchange of K. I. L. 1116 to the Church Missionary Trust Association for the Victoria Home and Orphanage. Re-surfacing the road in the vicinity of Fanling was also undertaken at a cost of $24,768. Decreases were recorded on most of the sub-heads the general explanation being that either less work was done than anticipated or that the work was not commenced until late in the year.

The more important decreases are Market Wanchai $60,000. Senior Officers Quarters May Road $99,949. This work has been dropped $51 only being spent on tree cutting. Magistracy at Yaumati $93,376. Questions of design were only settled late in the year.

$100,422 was saved under Dredging as the work only began at the end of the year. The demand for new water meters decreased and out of votes for $100,000 only $50,350 was spent.

4

Post Office.

A (1) 17

DECREASES.

Higher exchange caused savings of $26,462 and $2,813 on Transit Charges and Uniform and Equipment respectively.

Imports & Exports Office.

A saving of $11,885 on opium and $4,358 on Uniform and Equipment were due to higher exchange. The Revenue Reward item of $5,000 was not drawn on.

Harbour Department and Air Services.

Owing to the lower contract rate $67,673 was saved on Coal and Oil Fuel for launches and the subsidy of $100,000 for Commercial Aviation was not paid.

Police Force.

Higher Exchange accounted for a saving of $4,327 on Ammunition and $5,122 on handcuffs and revolvers. Rations for Indian Police cost $5,403 less owing to lower contract rate and $5,000 on Wireless for Mobile Police was saved as the Vans were not equipped.

Prison Department.

A saving of $4,146 on Rent of quarters was effected as more Government quarters were available. One motor van estimated at $4,000 was not purchased. The Linotype and printing machines cost $4,478 less than anticipated owing to exchange.

Medical Department.

Higher exchange caused savings on Bedding and Clothing $4,212; Medicines, etc., $22,309 and Equipment for Kowloon Hospital $4,226. Lower contract rates accounted for less expenditure on Provisions for Patients by $33 093 and for Washing by $3,664. The indent for X-Ray apparatus was not fully paid and $8,900 lapsed.

Sanitary Department.

Savings of $7,669 were effected on Exhumation and of $4,822 on Uniform for Staff. Disinfectants and cost of 3 Lorries were $4,659 and $4,822 less than anticipated owing to higher exchange.

Education.

A saving of $7,694 was effected on Capital Grants due to fewer pupils. Gymnastic gear estimated at $4,500

paid for during the year.

was not

Kowloon Canton Railway.

A (1) 18

A saving of $27,173 on locomotive coal resulted from the lower contract price. $99,200 was voted for two additional Second Class Coaches but as the under frames did not arrive from England only $13,090 was spent.

Volunteer Defence Corps.

Four Vicker Guns and spare parts showed a decrease of $5,873 owing to higher exchange. For the same reason Anti gas equipment cost $2,112 less than anticipated.

Charitable Services.

Expenditure on Aberdeen Industrial School was $8,150 less than estimated during the year; $5,000 on General Charities Organisation was not required owing to Tsan Yuk Maternity Hospital being taken over by Government and $14,800 of the $20,000 estimated for the Mercantile Marine Assistance Fund was not drawn on.

Charge on Account of Public Debt.

Savings of $154,996 and $44,098 for interest and sinking fund respectively on the 31% Sterling Inscribed Stock were effected owing to the higher exchange.

Pensions.

The under-expenditure on this vote of $341,883 can be attributed almost entirely to the higher sterling value of the dollar.

Public Works Department.

$10,679 less than estimated were required for Conveyance Allowances. Higher Exchange effected a saving of $5,933 on Repairs, Stores and Current. Orders for Additional Trans- mitting and additional Receiving Equipment were held over pending decision and accounted for a total under-expenditure of $121,419 against $243,000 provided.

Public Works Recurrent.

Less maintenance work caused a saving of $10,055 on Buildings and $6,222 on Drainage. $52,350 less than anticipated was required for the maintenance of City and Hill District Water Works mainly due to the lower contract rate for coal. Upkeep and Repairs of Water Meters were $12,894 and $7,228 lower than estimated in Hong Kong and Kowloon respectively. The vote for Maintenance and Improvement of Road and Bridges was unexpended by $6,110.

▲ (1) 19

11. Statement of Assets and Liabilities on December, 1934.

LIABILITIES.

$ C.

ASSETS.

the 31st

$

**

C.

DEPOSITS:

ADVANCES:-

Contractors and

Officers Deposits

521,085.50

Purchase of three

Locomotives for

Suitors Fund

43,638.29

Chinese Section Kowloon Canton

Insurance Compan-

ies

Railway.

147,468.26

1,762,946.51

Miscellaneous

237,642.32

Building Loans

738,250.94

Miscellaneous De-

posits....

House Service Account

Government House &

Imprest Account.

9,476.27

2,176,481.29 Subsidiary Coin

1,261,981.10

Trade Loan Out-

23,614.27 standing

553,500.50

Unallocated Stores,

(P.W.D.).......

573,052.47

City Development 1,218,741.28 Unallocated

Stores,

(Railway)......

170,372.02

Suspense Account.

975.589.24 Dollar Loan Account...

217,067.30

Exchange Adjustment|

28,038.16

Cash Balance :-

Trade Loan Reserve... 1,073,017.94

Praya East Reclaina-

tion

112,175.27

* Joint

Treasurer...

Crown Agents....

Colonial

2,334,087.55 15,762.01

Fund.....

2,913,103.46

Coal Account

2,092.09

Fixed Deposits:-

Total Liabilities... 7,937,419.84

Excess of Assets over

Liabilities

|12,248,755.24|

General $8,800,000.00 Insurance

Companies 1,762,946.51| Miscellaneous 451,464.37

11,014,410.88

Total...

...$20,186,175.08

Total......$20,186,175.08

*Joint Colonial Fund £242,000.0.0.

12. The excess of Assets over Liabilities on the 1st January 1934 was $13,823 625. On the 31st December 1934 this sum had decreased to $12,248,755 the difference of $1,574,870 is the excess of Expenditure over Revenue as recorded in paragraph 1 of this Report.

A (1) 20

13. The balance of moneys not required to meet current requirements was lent to the Joint Colonial Fund which amounted to £242,000 and is shown in the above statement as $2,913,103. This fund is replenished by remittances from the Treasury and is drawn on from time to time as required by the Crown Agents.

14. The cash balance of $2,334,088 with the Treasurer included $622,926 held by the Official Receiver on account of Companies Liquidation and Bankruptcy. This latter figure also forms part of the sum of $2,176,481 shewn under Miscellaneous Deposits as a liability.

15.

31% DOLLAR LOAN ACCOUNT.

ORDINANCE No. 11 of 1934.

Statement of Expenditure as at 31st December, 1934.

Item

1. Aberdeen Valley Water Scheme

2. Shing Mun Valley Water Schemes :-

First Section,

Second Section:

Preliminary Works

Filters

2nd Cross Harbour Pipe Gorge Dam

$2,555,702.78

$ 636,765,59

$

36 718.84

120.045.23 87.516 92 3,636,414.49

3,930,725.48

4,567,491,07

1,850,417.49

554,768.73

470,213.83

$ 20,485.92 166,495.86 26,513.65

213,495,13

3,864,942.97

3. Vehicular Ferry

4. New Gaol at Stanley

5. Tytam Tuk Catchwater

6. Air Port Development :-

Aerodrome

Air Port and Seaplane Slipway Wireless Telegraph Station

7. Redemption of 34% Sterling Inscribed Stock

8. Other Public Works

$14.077,067.30

Of the above amount the sum of $217,067.30 was charged against surplus balances pending the issue of a further loan.

- A (1) 21

ADVANCES.

16. Purchase of three locomotives for the Chinese Section Kowloon-Canton Railway.

The Chinese Section commenced paying off this advance in July, 1932, at the rate of $10,000 per month and the original amount outstanding has been reduced from $447,468.26 by $300,000 to $147,468.26.

17. During the year the Unallocated Stores varied as under:

Balance at 31st December

Public Works Department

Kowloon-Canton Railway

1933 $486,713

1934

$573,052

187,917

170,372

$674,630

$743,424

TRADE LOAN ACCOUNT.

18. During the year the number of outstanding loans was reduced by one from seven to six.

Instalments on account of Capital outstanding were obtained in respect of two other loans. The total reduction in Capital outstanding was $21,000, i.e., from $574,500.50 to $553,500.50. The total Capital now written off amounts to $136,263.30.

Efforts to procure redemption and, on one or two bad loans, a sale came to nothing. The Reserve account increased steadily and now amounts to $1,073,017.94 which exceeds the Capital outstanding by $519,517.44.

The following table shows the financial position of this account as at 31st December, 1934:

Loans Issued since 16th November, 1925, on

approved securities

Less Redemptions effected during the years

$15,633,582.97

1926

1927

1928

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

1934

$2,604,930.00

4,845,879.76

3,403,560.02

1,356,536.86

1,280,842.65

832,241.62

451,828.26

147,000.00

21,000.00

14,943,819.17

Less amount written off as irrecoverable....

Total of Loans outstanding on 31st December,

689,763.80 136,263.30

1934

$553,500.50

- A (1) 22 -

Interest in arrears on 31st December, 1926...

.$117,369.42

""

31st December, 1927...

206,818.64

31st December, 1928.....

321,121.10

""

31st December, 1929..

416,237.93

19

31st December, 1930....

398,641.94

>>

31st December, 1931.....

307,152.89

"}

31st December, 1932.

209,087.15

31st December, 1933.

''

''

195,714.76

""

31st December, 1934...

178,789.42

Total number of Loans issued since 16th November, 1925...302

Less number redeemed in 1926.....

>>

.34

1927...

.85

1928...

..87

23

1929.

.29

1930.....

..35

>"

12

1931...

.13

1932...

.11

""

1933..

1

1934....

1

""

>>

296

Number of Loans outstanding on 31st December, 1934...... 6

PUBLIC DEPT.

19. The inscribed Stock Loans of 1893 and 1906 amounting to £1,485,733 were redeemed on 15th October.

The 4% Conversion loan raised in 1933 amounted to $4,838,000 and the sinking fund established in 1934 amounted at 31st December last to £12,311. 2. 1.

In July 1934 a 34% dollar loan was raised to finance certain public works (see para 15) and to redeem a portion of the sterling inscribed stock. Bonds to the amount of $14,000,000 were issued at 99% producing $13,860,000. The loan bears 3% interest and is redeemable by drawings at par in each of the twenty-five years commencing in 1935 at the annual rate of one twenty-fifth of such issue.

Ordinance No. 11 of 1934 governs this issue and authorises the Governor to borrow up to a total of $25,000,000. The total public debt of the Colony on 31st December, 1934 amounted to $18,838,000-equal to about 8 months revenue as things are at

present.

A (1) 23 -

NOTE CIRCULATION.

20. The local circulation of notes and specie in Reserve of the three banks having authorized issues were as follows at 31st December: :-

Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking

Corporation

Notes in Circulation.

Specie in Reserve.

$131,755,918 $132,750,000

19,848,496

8,300,000

Mercantile Bank of India, Ltd...

1,996,993

1,350,000

Total

.$153,601,407 $142,400,000

Chartered Bank of India, Australia

and China

EXCHANGE.

21. The average monthly rates for sterling and Shanghai dollars were as follows:

January

February

March

April May June July

August

September

October

November

December

.1/50

110

1/515/16

110

.1/6

1101

1/5//

1101

.1/422

110

1/5/16

1093

.1/5/

10915/16

.1/6/16

10913/16

.1/65

1092

.1/7/

1143/16

.1/7/16

12016

.1/81

12013/16

The opening rate of the year on January 2nd was 1/5ĝd., the closing rate on December 31st was 1/81d. The lowest rate quoted during the year was 1/4 on 3rd May and the highest rate 1/8 on the 14th December.

GENERAL.

22. The estimates for the year were based on $1-1s./3d. and a deficit of $1,711,070 was estimated for. The final figures for the year, however, showed a deficit of $1,574,870. Revenue decreased by $2,157,339 and Expenditure decreased by $2,293,539 when compared with the original estimates. The monthly rates for sterling are shown in the preceding paragraph from which it will be seen that on no occasion did the dollar drop below 1/4 while the average rate throughout the year was 1/6/16. Large savings were made under Personal Emolu- ments when compared with the Estimates, provision being made for $12,955,767 but only $11,213,115 was expended.

A (1) 24

Some of this under-expenditure is accounted by vacancies in office and changes in personnel but by far the greater part is due to the rise in the sterling value of the dollar.

23. Under "Other Charges" savings were also effected, the total provision being $4,871,357 against $4,294,183 expended. For the first time for many years Public Works Extraordinary exceeded the original estimate. By a resolution of Council dated the 26th July, 1934 an extra sum of $752,000 was placed at the disposal of the Director of Public Works to be spent on a variety of services. In addition to this many small and several large supplementary votes were approved, e.g. $187,850 for the purchase of The Albany (I. L. Nos. 807 & 808) Resumption of I. L. No. 754 for the establishment of a public health centre in the Western District at a cost of $89,700. In spite of these increases, however, the head Public

Public Works Extraordinary exceeded the original estimate by only $192,216.

24. Opium Sales again fell very much below the estimate, the deficit amounting to $644,932. The following are receipts from this source for the last 5 years:

the

1930

1931

1932

1933

1934

$2,835,287

3,019,724

2,314,226

1,152,852

655,068

25. The receipts from Estate Duties were high due to two large estates bringing in $212,793.

26. The range in exchange from the lowest of 1/4 in May to 1/8 in December would be considered very wide if recorded under normal trade conditions but compared with differences shown in recent years it is not remarkable. Until the wheels of commerce move more freely throughout the world, and political and economic stability is assured, wide fluctuations in our exchange will occasion no surprise. As a matter of interest it may be observed that the approximate average rate for April 1935 the date of publication of this Report is 2/12 and may be compared with the average of 1/5 for the corresponding month of 1934.

27. There are two marked features in the course of exchange during 1934. The first is the steady rise from May till the end of the year, due almost entirely to the silver-buying policy of the Government of the United States. This upward move- ment has been considerably accelerated during the first quarter of the current year. Its effect has certainly not realised the anticipations of those who were inclined to attribute the depression in its early stages to the then depreciated dollar. It is clear that although the wide fluctuations latterly experienced have had a disturbing effect on trade the level of exchange has until recently been a minor factor in the general depression.

- A (1) 25 —

The second feature to be noted is the unusually high premium of the Hong Kong Dollar over the Chinese Dollar as reflected in the quotation on Shanghai. The rate that, normally should be about 110 rose in October and at times has been over 130. The trend of the premium during the first quarter of this year has been generally still higher and at the time of writing (April 30th) is 140. Our local dollar, though experiencing the occasional divergences from silver parity incidental to a speculative market has generally been kept well under control.

28. The Chinese Dollar now "managed" has remained below parity so consistently that heavy shipments of silver from China have been inevitable and have seriously embarrassed the money market in Northern Ports. The continuance of this high premium is a cause of concern to local interests.

29. Trade returns show a further decline. Imports, exclud- ing treasure, amounted to $415,918,522 during the year, the total for the previous year being $500,938,794. Exports were $325,104,653 against $403,092,170 for 1933. Trade conditions. are so fully examined in the recently published Report of the Economic Commission that it is not necessary to comment here on the causes of the decline and the suggested remedies.

30. The share market has been almost lifeless and prices of nearly all investments have sagged in the absence of support. Property values also have fallen though building still continues. Bank deposits remain high but notwithstanding easy interest rates there is little demand for money. Note Issues have fallen to $153-3/5 millions from $157 millions at the end of 1933, a natural decline having regard to the decreased velocity of circulation consequent on the general inactivity of trade Several of the more important Chinese Banks have opened branches in Hong Kong during the year and there have been no notable difficulties among the smaller native banks. The credit and repute of the Colony's financial institutions have never been higher than during this difficult period and it is satisfactory to be assured that ample encouragement and support are available to finance any possible demand that a revival of trade would need.

THE TREASURY,

HoNG KONG.

30th April, 1935.

EDWIN TAYLOR,

Colonial Treasurer.

Appendix A (2)

REPORT TO THE DIRECTOR OF COLONIAL AUDIT ON

THE AUDIT OF THE ACCOUNTS OF HONG KONG 1934.

Subject to the comments contained in this report the accounts generally have been satisfactorily kept and rendered and the existing regulations appear to provide reasonable ac- counting protection against irregularities and fraud.

The last of the Annual Statements was received from the Treasurer on 27th July.

2. The relation between the excess of Assets over Liabilities for the years 1933 and 1934 is established as follows:-

Excess 31st December 1933.............. $13,823,625.33

Revenue 1934 ..

Expenditure 1934

Excess of Assets 31st December

1934

29,574,285.57

43,397,910.90

31,149,155.66

$12,248,755.24

3. Comparison of the revenue and expenditure for the year with the approved Estimates and with previous years is dealt with fully in the Treasurer's Report (Enclosure M) and in the detailed statements (Enclosures C and D).

AUTHORITY FOR EXPENDITURE 1934.

4. The Estimates for the year received the approval of the Secretary of State in his Despatch No. 34 of 29th January 1934 and were passed by the Legislative Council in Ordinance No. 19 of 1933.

5. Supplementary Estimates for the year amounting to $772,000 were duly passed by the Legislature and approved by the Secretary of State in his telegram of 20th July.

The 1934 Supplementary Appropriation Ordinance (No. 30 of 1935) was passed by the Legislature on 11th July 1935 thus providing complete local authority for the expenditure of the year.

A (2) 2

LIABILITIES.

GOVERNMENT HOUSE AND CITY DEVELOPMENT FUND.—

$1,218,741.28.

6. The special appropriation of the revenue from certain Land Sales to this particular expenditure was legalised by Ordi- nance No. 30 of 1934.

A small amount of preliminary expenditure during the year has since been authorised by resolution of Legislative Council.

SUSPENSE ACCOUNT

$975,589.24.

7. The main item in the figures leading to this liability is still $975,413.78 on account of "Military Contribution" referred to in many previous reports, but as the Estimates for 1935 provide for this as a Miscellaneous Receipt presumably the amount will during the current year be transferred to Revenue and the discussion of many years will in this particular respect come to a satisfactory conclusion.

EXCHANGE ADJUSTMENT $28,038.16.

8. Now that all Sterling Investments have been realised this liability merely represents provision for the dollar difference arising from fluctuation of holdings in the Joint Colonial Fund.

TRADE LOAN ACCOUNT.

9. A full statement of the position of this account is given in the Treasurer's report and the relevant items in the Balance Sheet call for no further comment.

ASSETS.

TREASURER'S CASH BALANCE.

10. The constitution of the Cash Balance in the hands of the Treasurer at the end of the year has been referred to in the Annual Report for 1930 and each subsequent year. This vexed question has at last been settled by the Secretary of State in despatch No. 99 of 12th March 1935 supporting the original audit contention and ruling that he is unable to au- thorise any relaxation of the important rule that payments can only be charged at the date on which they are actually made. Two methods for future procedure were suggested by the Secret- ary of State but the decision of the Government giving effect to his ruling has not yet been communicated.

11. The attention of Government was drawn to the fact that the Annual Board of Survey of the Treasury Cash had been made after the commencement of business on the first day of the new year. Arrangements have now been made for future boards to be held in conformity with regulation.

A (2) 3

12. Under standing instructions the Secretary of State is kept informed at six-monthly intervals of the amounts of Gov- ernment Funds deposited with the local banks and of the balance of the current account kept with the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank. The very large sums held locally on deposit on 31st December 1934 are therefore known to him.

JOINT COLONIAL FUND £242,000 ($2,913,103).

13. During the year the Sterling Investments (consisting of Government and Corporation Stocks of a nominal value of £117,829) forming part of the Surplus Balances of the Colony were realised for the purpose of assisting in the redemption of the 31% Inscribed Stock.

The proceeds were, however, not so utilised and, in con- sequence, there occurred the excess on authorised loan expenditure referred to in paragraphs 32 and 33 below.

14. The Assets held by the Crown Agents have been supported by the certificate of the Comptroller and Auditor General.

SUPREME COURT ACCOUNTS.

15. During the audit of these accounts attention was drawn to the large sums which had been on deposit over 5 years for which no liability was likely to arise, and in accordance with Colonial Regulation 330 arrangements have been made to transfer over $25,000 to Revenue.

SECRETARIAT FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS.

16. Reference has been made in previous reports to these accounts which owing to their special nature are "outside the accounts of the Colony except in so far as the Treasury acts as banker'. It happens, however, that this particular depart- ment collects a small amount of purely Government revenue and incurs Government expenditure on Personal Emoluments &c, the transactions for which are merged in the main accounts of the office.

Thus in the 2nd Quarter of 1934 the revenue collected was $340 out of total receipts amounting to $69,600. To audit this very small portion it becomes necessary to examine to a certain extent the books of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs without actually being responsible for their entire audit.

17. This is unsatisfactory and it would undoubtedly be of advantage and more correct if the accounts for the actual Government revenue and expenditure were kept completely separate and in different books from the remaining accounts of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs. The suggestion in audit this should be done was not accepted. (Enclosure P

refers).

——

A (2) 4

CHINA COMPANY FEES.

18. The annual local examination of the Registrar of Companies Accounts at Shanghai was made in September and the accounts audited to date. The revenue from this source during the year was $177,867, as compared with $141,342 for the previous year.

COUNTERFOIL RECEIPTS.

19. Consequent on your Circular Reference Sheet No. 167 a special investigation was made early in the year into the control of this important method of accounting for the collection of revenue.

With one exception the departmental control was satis- factory though in every case discrepancies were revealed between the Central Register kept in the Treasury and that kept in the department.

POST OFFICE.

20. A shortage of $357.86 in the cash and stamps of an absconding clerk was made good in part by the estreatment of his security and forfeiture of salary while the balance was written off with the approval of the Secretary of State.

KOWLOON CANTON RAILWAY.-

21. A copy of the Manager's Annual Report is forwarded (Enclosure N). The accounts have been regularly rendered and satisfactorily kept.

The final division sheets of Through and Joint Sectional Traffic Receipts have been audited to the end of the year and accepted by both Administrations.

on

22. A new Working Agreement came into operation. 1st October 1934 the chief feature of which being that the British Section Share of terminal through traffic receipts was reduced from 35% to 28%. In spite of this the total revenue showed an increase over the revenue of the previous year.

During the negotiations leading to this new Agreement it was agreed that claims against the Chinese Section amounting to $1,025,533 should be waived (Vide para 31 of 1929 Annual Report). This has been reported to the Secretary of State.

23. During the year arrangements were brought into force for issuing combined rail and bus tickets, the bus companies being both in the Colony's Territory and the Kwangtung Province. The experiment was entirely successful and the division of receipts presented no difficulty in audit.

A (2) 5

24. The Advance Account "Purchase of Three Locomotives for Chinese Section" continues to be repaid by the agreed amount of $10,000 per month and the claims for haulage fees by British Locomotives have been regularly met.

25. The Balance of the Unallocated Stores Account $170,372.02 is within the limit authorised by the Secretary of State and a reconciliation of the balance as shown in the Treasury and the Railway books is attached (Enclosure K).

26. Twelve surveys on the accounts of the Railway Stations, including the Head Office, were carried out during the year and call for no special comment.

LOAN ACCOUNTING.

27. An important feature of the year's accounts has been the redemption of the Inscribed Stock Loans of 1893 and 1906 amounting to £1,485,733 and the flotation locally of the 31% Dollar Loan.

The actual redemption of the Sterling Loans was carried out by the Crown Agents and their figures have been accepted.

28. There have been SO many departures from the authorised accounting procedure that it is necessary to comment at some length.

29. During the year bonds to the amount of $14,000,000 were issued by Government under the Ordinance No. 11/1934.

Though the arrangements for the issue of the Loan were placed in the hands of two local banks the cheques accompany- ing the application money and in payment of the full allotment were made "payable to the Hong Kong Government", crossed with the name of the bank. No account of these moneys has been submitted for audit nor was any information accorded to this department of the preliminary accounting arrangements of the Loan. The first entry in the accounts of the Colony in regard to the Loan is the receipt in the Treasury Cash Book of $13,860,000 being 99% of $14,000,000 issued. This receipt together with the Crown Agents voucher for the printing of the bonds has formed therefore the only basis on which audit was possible.

30. As applications, accompanied by application money, were received far in excess of the authorised issue there were obviously transactions such as refunds or adjustments of applica tion money which were subject to account and, it was sub- mitted, should have been subject to audit.

31. The Government, apparently on the ground that the Colonial Treasurer was satisfied, decided to let the matter rest. The principle that because the Treasurer is satisfied with

A (2) 6

any portion of the public accounting audit can therefore be foregone was so entirely novel that it was considered advisable to report the circumstances to you as soon as possible (Audit Letter 100/99). A copy of this letter was forwarded by you to the Secretary of State and no further action has therefore been taken locally but it is necessary that it should be clearly under- stood at what stage and on what basis the audit of this particular section of the accounts has commenced.

32. In March 1935 last the Legislative Council approved a resolution that the sum of $217,067.30 on account of loan works should be met from surplus balances during 1934 pending the issue of a further loan. This was necessary because the total expended was by this amount in excess of the amount raised ($13,860,000). It was pointed out by this department that such authority or, if that was not possible, at least the authority of a Governor's Warrant (now by the new edition of the Colonial Regulations styled a Loan Warrant) should have been obtained immediately it was known that surplus balances were to be so used.

33. Included in the charges against the loan was an amount $3,864,942.97 on account of Redemption of 31% Inscribed Stock. As the schedule to the Hong Kong Dollar Loan Ordinance (No. 11 of 1934) limited this particular item to $3,400,000 it was irregular to charge more than this amount against the loan. Before doing so it was necessary first to obtain the approval of the Legislative Council and the Secretary of State enabling the Governor to direct a re-appropriation of the items in the Loan Schedule. These irregularities were partially rectified by a series of resolutions in Council on 16th April 1935. Even so, the sanction of the Secretary of State has still to be obtained although the Ordinance reads that no transfer of appropriation should be directed until after such approval has been fully given.

34. The redemption of the Inscribed 31% Stock was carried out by the Crown Agents in October and the transactions have been included in the Treasurer's books as credits and debits to the Dollar Loan Account. The result is that in the Annual Account the receipts on account of the 31% Dollar Loan are shown as $28,735,618.69 and the expenditure as $28,952,685.99 or practically double the actual amounts received from the Issue of Bonds and expended on Loan Work etc.

35. On reference to Government it was agreed that it would have been clearer if a separate account had been opened for recording these, the final transactions of the Sterling Loan, but the books for the year having been closed the position has to a certain extent been clarified by an explanatory note being made in the main ledger (Enclosure Q).

A (2) 7

36. It will be seen from the preceding paragraphs that the loan accounting during the year was not carried out in strict conformity with the formalities required either by the law (Ordinance 11/1934) or Colonial Regulations.

37. It may be noted here that with regard to this Dollar Loan Ordinance the usual notification of non-disallowance by His Majesty the King has not yet been gazetted.

38. The Statement of Funded Public Debt &c. as published with the Annual Statements was incorrectly prepared and on representation by this department an amended statement was published in the Gazette of August 2nd 1935 and is submitted as Encloure I,

STORE ACCOUNTS.

MEDICAL STORES.

39. Theft and subsequent disposal to a private firm of an expensive drug was discovered during the year and at the request of the Medical Department an intensive examination of the accounting for this particular drug was conducted by this department. The investigation revealed deliberate fraud and tampering with books and vouchers such as would not ordinarily have been discovered in audit. The matter was reported to the Secretary of State who has approved the appointment of an additional officer for this store which should ensure closer departmental control.

40. Except for this the examination of the various Store Accounts calls for no special comment. Surprise Surveys of Stores were made by this department during the year as reported in the Quarterly Returns.

ARREARS OF REVENUE.

41. The position with regard to Arrears of Revenue is as follows:-

Of the $696,559.67 arrears outstanding on 31st December 1934 $635,119.23 had been paid by 30th June 1935, $27,486.84 was written off leaving $33,953.60 still to be collected.

A certain amount of confusion periodically arises with regard to the preparation of the returns of outstanding revenue by departments, and the matter has been brought to the notice. of the Treasurer for action.

42. There were no misallocations of revenue or expenditure brought to notice too late for adjustment.

QUERIES.

43. The queries raised during the year were of a routine nature and have all been settled. Among the larger amounts recovered in audit were £25, £42 and £49 on account of

▲ (2) 8

Government passages incorrectly charged against Government Funds, and an overpayment of $342 on Rent Allowance. A gratuity was reduced on audit calculation by £21 and a Widow's and Orphans' Pension by £6.17.4. per annum. Further, under collections of revenue of $91.65 Liquor Duty and $100 Land Sales were rectified.

PARAGRAPH 53 OF 1933 REPORT,

44. The Secretary of State's authority was received to write off the $800 referred to in the paragraph.

45. The usual Surprise surveys of cash, stamps &c. were made in the various offices during the year and there has been no material departure from the approved Programme of work.

15th August 1935.

P. L. COLLISSON,

Auditor.

Appendix B.

REPORT ON THE ASSESSMENT FOR THE YEAR 1935-1936.

By order of His Excellency the Governor in Council a new valuation of the whole Colony has been made. The new Rateable Value amounts to $36,374,100 as compared with $38,641,856 last year, a decrease of $2,267,756 or 5.87 per cent, due to the fall in rents, particularly those of Chinese tenement houses, caused by the depression.

This is the greatest decrease during the last fifty years, the next largest being in 1892 when, owing to another depression in the Colony, the decrease was 3.15 per cent.

2. The following table gives a comparison of the Assessments for the year 1934-1935 and 1935-1936.

District

Valuation Valuation 1934-1935 | 1935-1936

Increase Decrease] % Inc. % Dec.

The City of Victoria Hong Kong Villages Kowloon New Kowloon

*A

25,175 534 22,621,874

2,883,138 3,504,962 621,824|

8,371,033| 8.0±1,851|

2,212,151 2,202,410

|2,553,660

326.179 9,711

10.14

21.57

3.89

.44

Total

38,641,856 36,374,100|

2,267,756

5.87

3. The decrease in the valuation of the City of Victoria is due mainly to the fall in rentals, and to a small extent, to the separation of the Hill District, which has been included with Hong Kong Villages this year.

4. The increase under Hong Kong Villages is due to the inclusion of the Hill District this year, otherwise the fall in rentals, which has only been slight during the year, is counter- balanced by the interim valuations of new buildings.

5. In Kowloon the decrease is due to the fall in rentals of Chinese tenements and European style flats.

6. Under New Kowloon the decrease shown is due to the fall in the rentals of Chinese tenements. This fall has nearly been equalled by the interim valuations of new buildings.

B 2

7. The number of whole tenements reported vacant averaged 1,329 monthly, as compared with 1,100 last year. This is the greatest number of vacant tenements ever reported.

The high number of vacancies is due to the overbuilding in recent years followed by the depression.

8. By order of His Excellency the Governor in Council, under Ordinance No. 3 of 1926, refunds of rates were granted for vacant floors of tenements, having regard to the allowances for partial vacancy already made in the assessments, for the first and second quarters of 1935. The number of vacant floors notified under this order during the first quarter of 1935 amounted to 2,201. These are additional to the vacancies of whole tenements referred to in paragraph 7.

The total number of inspections of vacant tenements and floors for the month of April was 3,551.

9. In December it was decided by Government that for the new assessment, coming into force on July 1st 1935, owners should be given the opportunity, during the first three weeks of January, of electing to have refund of rates for vacant floors throughout the coming rating year, where they so desired. Owners have so elected in the case of some 5,000 Chinese tenements, and as a result, over 10,000 additional assessments have to be made, an increase of over 33 per cent.

10. During the year ending 30th April, 1935, 1,792 Interim Valuations, as compared with 3,211 in the previous year, were made as follows:

New or rebuilt tenements

CITY OF VICTORIA. REST Of Colony.

No.

Rateable Value.

No.

Rateable Value.

and tenements structur-

ally altered.....

432

650,502

724

520,103

Assessments

cancelled,

tenements resumed,

pulled down or being

in other respects not

rateable...

307

589,664 329

265,338

Number and Increase.

739

60,838 1,053 254,765

B 3

11. The following comparative statement shows the Rateable Value of the Colony of Hong Kong from 1925-1926 to 1935-1936 inclusive:

Year.

Rateable Value

As compared with previous year

Increase Decrease

%

%

Increase

Decrease

1925-1926 27,287,862

1926-1927 27,998,237

710,375

1927-1928 29,016,439 1,018,202

|

1928-1929 30,395,447 1,379,008

2.60

3.64

4.75

|

1929-1930 31,617,566 1,222,119

4.02

1930-1931 33,069,602 1,452,036

4.59

1931-1932

35,071,566 2,001,964|

6.04

1932-1933 37,457,725|| 2,386,159

1933-1934 38,941,273 1,483,548

|

6.80

3.96

1934-1935 38,641,856

1935-1936 36,374,100|

299,417.

0.77

2,267,756

5.87

12. In the ten years from 1925-1926 to 1935-1936 the rateable value of the Colony has increased by $9,086,238 or 33.29 per cent.

13. If the interim valuations are deducted from the new total valuation of the Colony the decrease this year is 6.68 per cent. Generally speaking the reductions made in the assess- ment of Chinese tenement houses averaged about 123 per cent.

14. Not only has the volume of work in the Assessor's Office been greatly increased owing to the necessity for making allow- ances on account of excess water charges since the abolition of the rider mains, but it has been further heavily increased by the decision to grant refunds of rates for vacant floors where the owners so elect.

15. The fall in rents has continued throughout the year and has now become more general.

Treasury,

17th June, 1985.

EDWIN TAYLOR, Treasurer & Assessor.

Appendix C.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS FOR THE YEAR 1934.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

(Tables I to III).

The Government Revenue derived from all sources during the year was $17,618.75 and the Government Expenditure was $141,831.49.

2. As is evidenced by the numerous tables attached to this Report, much of the work of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs is concerned with the administration of funds that may be called semi-official. The Revenue in these cases is in very large part a matter of voluntary subscription by the Chinese Community and outside the Government Estimates, with Ex- penditure at the discretion of the Department.

PROTECTION OF WOMEN AND GIRLS.

Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.

Ordinance No. 21 of 1929.

Ordinance No. 6 of 1893.

Ordinance No. 1 of 1923.

Ordinance No. 22 of 1929.

Ordinance No. 2 of 1865.

3. The number of persons reported to the Po Leung Kuk as missing during the year was two who were not found as com- pared with one who was not found in 1933.

4. Sixteen names were added to the list of girls under bond. The number of names on the list on December 31st was eighty-five.

5. Inspector Fraser and his two Assistant Chinese Lady Inspectors - continued throughout the year their excellent work in connection with Muitsai. At the beginning of the year the number of Muitsai on the register was 2,726, and at the end of the year this had been reduced by 463 to 2,263. This re- duction is mainly accounted for by permanent departures from the Colony, restoration to parents or other relatives, and marriage. A total of 3,076 visits was made by the Lady Inspectors to the homes of Registered Muitsai in addition to their work with the male Inspector investigating numerous cases

C 2

concerning Registered and Unregistered Muitsai. Numerous visits were also paid to ex-Muitsai who have obtained employ- ment as domestic servants. It is noteworthy that at the end of the year 115 Registered Muitsai were attending school, the fees paid by the employers for the girls' education ranging from $3.00 to $40.00 per annum. Eight girls were sent to the Salvation Army Home and four girls to the Victoria Home : both these institutions are to be thanked for their co-operation which is always willingly given.

6. Fifty-seven prosecutions were brought under the Female Domestic Service Ordinance with sixty-three convictions. The charges on which convictions were obtained included thirty- three charges of keeping Unregistered Muitsai, three charges of bringing Unregistered Muitsai into the Colony, twenty-two charges of failing to report change of address, four charges of failing to pay wages to Registered Muitsai and one charge of assaulting a Muitsai.

7. There were also five prosecutions with ten convictions on charges connected with trafficking in minors (Ordinance 2 of 1865, Offences against the Person).

8. Under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance, No. 4 of 1897, seven cases were brought and eight persons were convicted and two discharged. These were mostly cases of harbouring or procuring.

9. For a fuller report on the work of the Po Leung Kuk, see Annexe A of this report.

EMIGRATION.

(Ordinance 30 of 1915).

(Tables IV and V).

10. The number of Assisted Emigrants was 1,565, as com- pared with 459 in 1933. Although this number is comparatively small as compared with the 8,316 who went in 1930 it may be taken as an indication that the worst of the depression is now over in the South Seas and that the demand for Chinese labour is again on the increase. The majority of these Assisted Emigrants went to the Netherlands Indies to which countries. emigration was practically at a standstill in the previous year

11. The emigration of women and children showed a very large increase, the total being 33,467 as compared with 12,190 in 1933. Most of these women and children went to Malaya, indicating that Chinese returning to that country are sufficiently confident of the improved situation to take their wives and children with them.

C 3-

12. The number of aliens who are allowed to enter the Straits Settlements each month was raised to 4,000 as from August 1st, 1934. Apart from this the Straits Settlements Authorities considered it expedient, in order to obtain a supply of the right sort of labour for the rubber estates and tin-mines, to introduce during the year a system by which special permits are issued to approved recruiters to bring into the country specified numbers of labourers. The labourers recruited under such permits are not included in the monthly quota. Since they are not assisted emigrants no figures are available in respect of extra-quota labourers who sailed from Hong Kong during 1934, but they probably numbered several hundreds.

CHINESE BOARDING HOUSES.

(Ordinance 23 of 1917).

(Table VI).

Seven con-

13. At the end of the year there were 552 Boarding Houses of all classes as against 605 at the end of 1933. victions were obtained under the Ordinance as compared with twenty-two in 1933.

PERMITS.

(Ordinance 40 of 1932):

(Ordinance 22 of 1919).

14. 2,757 permits to fire crackers were issued, of which 1,844 were for weddings and the remainder for birthdays, shop- openings, etc. Fifty-one permits were issued for theatrical

performances.

15. Other permits issued were twenty-seven for religious ceremonies and eight for processions.

REGISTRATION OF BOOKS.

(Ordinance 2 of 1888).

16. Thirty-one books were registered during the year as compared with fifty in 1933.

REGISTRATION OF NEWSPAPERS.

(Ordinances 25 of 1927 and 1 of 1930).

17. The number of registered Chinese newspapers existing on December 31st was twenty-three of which five were registered during the year.

C 4

DISTRICT WATCH FORCE.

(Ordinance 23 of 1930).

(Table VII).

18. The District Watch Committee met on twelve occa- sions at the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs. In addition two meetings at which His Excellency the Governor presided were held at Government House. The following gentlemen served on the Committee throughout the year:

Mr. Li Yau-tsun, C.B.E.,

Hon. Sir Shouson Chow, Kr.,

Mr. Tong Yat-chuen,

Mr. Wong-Iu-tung,

Hon. Dr. R. H. Kotewall, C.M.G.,

Mr. Li Po-kwai,

Hon. Dr. S. W. Tso, 0.B.E.,

Mr. Li Yik-mui,

Hon. Mr. Chau Tsun-nin,

Mr. Lo Man-kam.

19. Messrs. Chan Lim-pak and Tang Shiu-kin retired on the expiration of their ex-officio year of office as ex-Chairmen of the Tung Wah Hospital and Po Leung Kuk Committees re- spectively and were succeeded by Messrs. Lo Yuk-tong and Mok Tat-huen.

20.

Later in the year Mr. Wong Tak-kwong resigned and Mr. Tang Shiu-kin was re-appointed to fill the vacancy.

21.

It is with deep regret that I have to record the death of Mr. Lo Cheung-shiu which occurred on 30th June, 1934. Mr. Lo Chueng-shiu had been a member of the District Watch Committee since 1922. His long and honourable record of public service dates back to 1914 when he served as a director of the Po Leung Kuk; in 1915 he was Chairman of the Tung Wah Hospital Committee and was appointed a Justice of the Peace in the same year. He had been a member of the Po Leung Kuk Permanent Board of Direction since 1918 and a member of the Tung Wah Hospital Advisory Board since 1926. He was awarded a Certificate of Honour in 1930. Mr. Lo Cheung-shiu, whose word always carried great weight, was regular attendant at the monthly meetings of the District Watch Committee until just before his last illness and his wise counsels will be much missed. Mr. Wong Ping-suen was appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Mr. Lo Cheung-shiu.

C 5

22. The authorised strength of the Force is 140-5 Head District Watchmen, 5 Assistant Head District Watchmen, 26 Detectives and 104 Uniform Men--and this number was main-

tained throughout the year. Six members of the Force were dismissed, five resigned, one died and one was invalided: thirteen new men were recruited to fill their places. The death of Detective D. W. No. 111 Yuen Shu-po was a great loss to the Force as he was a most promising officer.

23. Inspector A. H. Elston was in charge of the force until his departure on home leave on February 24th; he was succeeded by Inspector J. W. Murphy who remained in charge until May 29th when his place was taken by Inspector K. W. Andrew. The post of Inspector in charge of the District Watch Force is no light one, involving as it does the control almost single- handed of a considerable body of men, the duties of liaison officer between the Police and the District Watch Force, and the detailed supervision of the activities of the detective branch.

24. The work of the Force during the year 1934 was very satisfactory. A total of 1,236 convicted cases was obtained (as compared with 1,274 in 1933) including 452 cases of larceny and 139 cases of larceny from the person. The Force has specialized in larceny and particularly in larceny from the person and the figures given above for this branch of crime constitute a record. Several important gangs of pickpockets have been broken up and their members placed in prison. It is perhaps not generally realized that this branch of crime detection often entails the shadowing of a man for hours and even days before the opportunity for an arrest occurs. Special watch is main- tained for traffickers in women and children and a good deal of work is done in a quiet and unobtrusive way in enquiring into cases of this nature.

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL AND MAN MO TEMPLE.

(Tables VIII to XX).

(Ordinances 31 of 1930 and 10 of 1908).

25. The following gentlemen served on the Committee for

1934:

Mr. Lau Ping-chai, Mr. Hang Yuk-ming,

Mr. Kan Yiu-cho,

Mr. Kan Yuk-hang, Mr. Mak Tsun-sam, Mr. Fu Kam-shing, Mr. Yuen Tai-sang, Mr. Lui Wai-chau, Mr. Tang Shiu-shu,

Mr. Wong Tat-wing,

Mr. Leung Lun-shek,

Mr. Tse Yiu-sheung, Mr. Wong Fat-hing, Mr. Tsang Hin-hung, Mr. Sin Ping-hei, Mr. Siu Ping-sheung, Mr. Lam Chik-ho, Mr. Kan Ming tài.

C 6

26. The chief event of the year was the completion of the new block of which the Foundation Stone had been laid by his Excellency the Governor on October 17th, 1933. As outlined in my predecessor's report for 1933 the building of this block at a cost of about $170,000, including equipment, represents the first part of a general scheme of reconstruction of the Tung Wah Hospital which is intended to modernize the accommoda- tion and to reduce the number of beds from a total of 560 to 450. This reduction in numbers, combined with the spacious- ness of the new structure, is in accordance with the policy of avoiding over-development in the congested Central District and furthering development at the new Tung Wah Eastern Hospital which stands in more suitable surroundings at Sookonpoo.

27. The Opening Ceremony of the new block was per- formed by His Excellency the Governor on May 25th, 1934, in the presence of a large gathering representative of the Chinese and European Communities. It consists of six storeys with windows on all sides and is well ventilated and lighted. His Excellency stressed the fact that accommodation has been made in this building for tubercular patients and in thanking the Tung Wah Hospital Committee for the constant and ready assist- ance which it gives to the Government and the community in general he paid a special tribute to the assistance which had been forthcoming in connection with the recent disaster at the Gas Works.

28. The trade depression has affected the Tung Wah Hospital no less than other institutions in the matter of revenue derived from property and from public subscriptions. In order to reduce the amount of the deficit which it was feared would have to be faced at the end of the year it was decided, with the permission of the Government, to organize a Sweepstake on one of the races at the Race Meeting held on 19th May, 1934, which resulted in a net gain to the Hospital Funds of

With the same object in view approximately $26,000. successful Charity Fête and Bazaar was held at the Lee Gardens for a week commencing on October 20th. On October 29th and 30th the management of Isako's Circus very generously gave performances for the benefit of the Tung Wah Hospital.

a

29. At the Tung Wah Eastern Hospital a ward contain- ing twelve beds has been set aside since June, 1933, for the treatment of male Opium Addicts. The expenses of this special treatment are defrayed by the Hong Kong Government. This experiment is being made as a result of the Agreement reached at the League of Nations Opium Conference held at Bangkok in 1931. During the year under review 413 cases were dealt with, the average duration of stay in Hospital being nine days.

30. The number of free schools for poor children main- tained in various parts of the Colony by the Hospital in 1934 was twelve with a total of 1,256 pupils.

C 7

M

31. A detailed report on the medical work of the Hospital, by the Visiting Medical Officer, will be found in Annexe B.

CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES.

(See Annexe B and Tables XXI to XXIV).

WANCHAI MATERNITY HOSPITAL. (See Annexe B).

CHINESE PERMANENT CEMETERY. (Table XXV).

CHINESE RECREATION GROUND.

(Table XXVI).

32. The Chinese Recreation Ground in Hollywood Road is controlled by a Committee consisting of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs as Chairman and the Chinese Members of the Executive and Legislative Councils.

33. A scheme of general renovation and reconstruction of the Ground was decided upon by the Committee in 1931 but was delayed for various reasons. At the end of 1933, however, the tenants of the old stalls were given notice to quit in order that the work of demolition and reconstruction could be put in hand at the beginning of 1934. The Ground was in the hands of the contractor about three and a half months and was ready for occupation again at the end of April. As reconstructed at a cost of some $30,000 it now consists of a large concrete- surfaced open space which contains several pavilions and is bordered by sixty substantially-built stalls or rather small shops which are let by tender to refreshment caterers, barbers, book- sellers, letter-writers, etc., and the income, when expenses have been deducted, is devoted to Chinese charities. Apart from the actual tenants of the stalls and their fokis the Ground in its capacity as an open space or lung "is very largely used by the general public for listening to story-tellers and for eating, resting or strolling about in the open air. The Ground contains an interesting relic in the form of an old "Jubilee "drinking fountain.

YAUMATI PUBLIC SQUARE, (Table XXVII).

34. The Yaumati Public Square is also administered by the Chinese Recreation Ground Committee and on the same lines as the Chinese Recreation Ground. The chief difference is that there is no open space, the whole of the Square being occupied by stalls, fifty-nine in all, most of which sell cooked food. The Square is known to the Chinese public as Yung

1934

€ 8

Shu Tau on account of the shady banyan trees which grow there and is as popular with the inhabitants of Yaumati as the Chinese Recreation Ground is with the inhabitants of the Holly- wood Road district.

PASSAGE MONEY FUND.

(Table XXVIII).

TRANSLATION.

35. The total number of translations made in the depart- ment during 1934 was 821 as compared with 926 in 1933. 430 of these were from Chinese into English and 391 from English into Chinese. In addition a large number of translations made in other Government departments were sent to this office for revision.

LABOUR,

General.

36. As in 1933 labour conditions in the Colony were quiet during the year under review. The level of wages has been mainly unchanged but unemployment has been still more mark- ed though it cannot be said to have become acute as in Western countries. As foreshadowed at the end of 1933 conditions in the building trade were slack as compared with the boom of previous years but thousands of coolies found employment in the construction of the Shing Mun Dam, the new Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank building, the new Gaol at Stanley and the new Government Civil Hospital.

Disputes and Strikes.

37. There were no strikes during the year and no disputes of any but minor importance. A few cases of hardship caused by the absconding of contractors or sub-contractors came to notice but the unfortunate coolies who were involved apparently soon found other employment. The Shanghai and local work- men employed in a certain stone-mason's yard came to blows on one occasion but order was soon restored. Towards the end of the year the closing down of a rubber-shoe factory in Sham- shuipo was the cause of an ugly incident: a crowd of several hundred female and male employees who were owed arrears of three or four months' wages besieged the manager's wife in the offices of the factory and but for the tact with which the Police handled the situation might have caused her serious bodily harm.

38.

Cost of Living of Poorer Classes.

There was again a slight all round reduction in the cost of living, the prices of all the main Chinese food stuffs and commodities and the rents of Chinese flats being lower than in 1933.

C 9

FACTORIES AND WORKSHOPS,

(Table XXIX).

39. The year 1934 did not see the hoped-for improvement in business which seemed likely at the end of 1933. The general trade depression continued unabated and severely affected the local manufacturers. The hosiery and knitting trades were particularly hard hit and several large and well-established firms engaged in the manufacture of these classes of goods were compelled to close down. High tariffs in neighbouring coun- tries continue to be the chief cause of loss of business and the appreciation of the silver dollar vis-à-vis sterling and gold which was steadily maintained throughout the year has not improved matters. The heavy industries such as shipbuilding and engineering also suffered from lack of business, but on the other hand many smaller industries such as those involving the manu- facture of felt hats, sweets, electric torches and dry batteries, joss-sticks, etc., appeared to be flourishing. The printing and book making industries and the rubber shoe trade also had a fair measure of prosperity and new factories were continually being opened to replace others forced out of business. In spite of the depression the number of factories in the Colony con- tinues to increase and during the year no less than 130 new factories were opened as against 80 which closed down. Several well established firms have extended or rebuilt their factory premises to conform with modern industrial conditions and it may be said that as a whole the industries of the Colony are well equipped to secure their share of the revival of trade when it occurs. During the year a detailed survey of the industries of the Colony was made in connection with the Economic Com- mission and resulted in the collection and tabulation of much valuable information.

40. The employment of children under 16 years of age has practically ceased in organised industries and is not likely to recur: Chinese factory owners have now realized that the employment of small children in factories is not essential and is economically unsound.

41. Legislation.-No further factory legislation was intro- duced during the year. The working of the Factories and Work- shops Ordinance, which came into force on 1st March, 1933, has proceeded smoothly and has resulted in a considerable im- provement in general factory conditions. Factory owners have as a rule been found willing to carry out such requirements as have been considered necessary in order to safeguard their employees or their factory premises and in some cases major alterations and reconstructions have been effected in order to comply with the provisions of the Ordinance. At the end of the year there were 550 factories and workshops registered under the Ordinance and subject to regular visits of inspection.

Ć 10

42. Accidents.-The total number of accidents in factories and workshops during the year was sixty-four, of which seven were fatal, as compared with seventy (eight fatal) in 1933. More than fifty per cent. of the accidents occurred in shipyards, and were mainly due to falls from stagings into dry dock or ships' holds. The majority of the non-fatal accidents were not serious. The only female factory worker to be involved in an accident during the year was a woman employed in a printing works whose hair became caught in a revolving shaft: she died from the injuries received.

43.

A serious explosion involving heavy loss of life occurred early in the year at the Gas Works at West Point, Victoria. A gasometer was wrecked by the explosion and several blocks of Chinese tenement houses nearby were destroyed by a fire caused by the escaping gas. Forty-one persons lost their lives in the fire and two Indian watchmen at the Gas Works were killed by the explosion. The casualties from this disaster are not included in the appended table of factory accidents. (Table XXIX).

44. Prosecutions.-Five prosecutions were instituted dur- ing the year against factory owners for breaches of the factory regulations. Four of these were for employing female workers during prohibited hours at night, the other prosecution being for a breach of the regulations guarding against fire risks. Convictions were obtained in all cases and fines ranging from $25 to $250 were imposed.

CHINESE TEMPLES.

(Ordinance 7 of 1928).

(Tables XXX and XXXI).

45. The following gentlemen served on the Chinese Tem- ples Committee during the year:

(a) Hon. Sir Shouson Chow, Kt., Hon. Dr. R. H. Kotewall, C.M.G., Hon. Dr. S. W. Tso, O.B.E., Hon. Mr. T. N. Chau-Chinese Members of the Executive and Legis- lative Councils.

(b) Mr. Li Yau-tsun, C.B.E.,-Representative of the Dis-

trict Watch Committee.

(c) Mr. Wong Kwong-tin, Mr. M. K. Lo,-Chinese Mem-

bers of the Sanitary Board.

(d) Mr. Lau Ping-chai, Chairman of the Tung Wah Hos-

pital Committee.

(e) Mr. Ng Wah, Chairman of the Po Leung Kuk Com-

mittee.

(f) Mr. Wong Tat-wing, Representative of the Directors of the Tung Wah Hospital who are residents of Kowloon or New Kowloon.

(g) Secretary for Chinese Affairs (Chairman).

@ 11

46. Mr. Li Yau-tsun resigned in June and in September Mr. Tang Shiu-kin, M.B.E., was unanimously elected by the members of the District Watch Committee to represent that body on the Chinese Temples Committee. This is a fitting oc- casion to pay tribute to the sterling assistance and advice which Mr. Li Yau-tsun has always so willingly given to the Temples Committee and (prior to the formation of that Committee in 1928) to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs in all matters per- taining to temples.

47. The Committee met three times at the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs.

48. The following contributions were made from the Temples Fund during the year 1934:-

$19,000.00 to the Chinese Public Dispensaries Fund.

$17,000.00 to the Tung Wah Hospital.

49.

$500.00 to the Children's Playground Association. $500.00 to the Society for the Protection of Children.

STAFF.

SECRETARY FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS.

Mr. A. E. Wood went on leave from 24th March to 23rd October and retired on pension on 24th October. Mr. N. L. Smith acted as Secretary for Chinese Affairs during the period of Mr. Wood's leave and was appointed to the sub- stantive post on 24th October.

March, 1935.

N. L. SMITH, Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

A

C 12

Annexe A.

Report on the work of the Po Leung Kuk for the year 1934. (Tables A, B and C).

The Po Leung Kuk Society was founded in 1878 to aid in the detection and suppression of kidnapping, especially of girls and women, and to shelter such girls or women as had been kidnapped in the interior and brought to Hong Kong for sale or emigration. Its name means "institution for the pro- tection of good women. The initiative in its formation came from the Chinese themselves, and ever since by subscription and personal service they have continued to support it.

>>

2. There is a paid Chinese staff-matron, two lady teachers, seven amahs and nurses, and two clerks who are secretaries to the managing committee. The Committee meets every evening from Monday to Friday at 7 p.m., the principal meeting of the week being held at 12 noon on Sunday. It not only manages the Po Leung Kuk, but acts as an advisory committee to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs in all cases affecting women and children and Chinese family life generally. It corresponds when necessary with charitable institutions and private persons in various parts of China, traces parents of lost children and shelters for the night any Chinese woman or girl who chooses to go.

When parents and relations cannot be traced, the Com- mittee arranges for the girls in its care to be given in marriage (never as concubines) or in adoption, always under bond and always with the consent of this office; and in every case this office ascertains the girl's willingness before giving consent.

3. In addition to the annual Committee there is a Board of Permanent Direction, which serves to maintain continuity of policy and of which the Secretary for Chinese Affairs is the ex-officio chairman.

The following gentlemen were elected in April to serve as the Managing Committee for the year:-

Mr. Ng Wah,

Mr. Lui Chup Son, Mr. Chan Wah Man, Mr. Ho Tik Wan, Mr. Lau Sing Sam, Mr. Tsoi Po Tin,

Mr. Ha Chung Chau, Mr. Lam Chung Wah, Mr. Chau Yin Nin, Mr. Kwong Tse Ming, Mr. Wong Pak Kan,

Mr. Tam Shiu Hồng.

5. The number of inmates of the Po Leung Kuk on 1st January, 1934, was sixty-six and during the year 563 persons were admitted as against 595 in 1933. The circumstances of admission and the action taken in regard to them are set out in Table A.

C 13

6. Five hundred and sixty-three women, girls and children were admitted without warrant. Twenty-nine were lost child- ren, eighty-four were accompanied by parents or guardians and seventy were maidservants or Muitsai who had left their em- ployers.

7. On leaving the Kuk 226 persons were restored to husbands or other relatives, twenty-six were sent to charitable institutions in China, fourteen were given in adoption, three married, 288 were released after enquiries, sixteen were released under bond, and twelve were sent to a School, Convent or Refuge in the Colony. The number of inmates remaining in the Kuk on December 31st was forty.

8. Seventy-three cases of sickness were sent to the Tung Wah Hospital for treatment and of these four died.

9. The Hon. Dr. S. W. Tso, O.B.E., and Lieutenant- Colonel H. B. L. Dowbiggin, O.B.E., continued to serve in their capacity of Visiting Justices throughout the year.

10. The continued personal interest shown by Mrs. R. H. Kotewall and Mrs. S. W. Tso is much appreciated and is of genuine help to the Institution.

Ć 14

Annexe B.

THE CHINESE HOSPITALS AND DISPENSARIES.

1. The Chinese Hospitals and Chinese Dispensaries are institutions established by the Chinese for the benefit of the poor of Chinese race. Intended to supplement the Government Hospitals they serve a very useful purpose not only in the matter of medical relief but also in that of health education.

2. An enormous and ever-increasing number of sick, too poor to pay a doctor's fee or to buy proper medicine, and unwilling or unable for one reason or another to attend at a Government Hospital, are successfully reached.

3. There are three general hospitals, one smallpox hospital, one maternity hospital and nine public dispensaries.

They are maintained by subscriptions from the public, by donations from the Chinese General Charities Fund and by direct grants from Government. They are controlled by Chinese Committees who work in close co-operation with the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

4. In the three big hospitals the patient can choose between Western and Chinese methods of treatment, but in the Maternity Hospital and Dispensaries Western Medicine only is practised. Government Lady Doctors hold gynaecological clinics in each of the Dispensaries once or twice a week.

5. Both Hospitals and Dispensaries are subject to inspec- tion by the Government Medical Department. There are five officers of the Department whose duty it is to visit the various institutions and to give advice and assistance. These officers work in close touch with the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

THE CHINESE HOSPITALS.

6. The Tung Wah Hospital, situated in the centre of the most thickly populated area in Victoria, was first occupied in 1873. The Tung Wah Smallpox Hospital was established in 1902. The Kwong Wah Hospital in Kowloon was built by public subscription in 1911 to meet the needs of the Kowloon peninsula. The Tung Wah Eastern Hospital, a branch of the Tung Wah, situated in an open space in the east of Victoria was opened in November, 1929. The Government gave the sites and with grants of money assisted in the erection of the buildings.

7. In administrative control of the four hospitals is the Tung Wah Committee, a body of Chinese gentlemen elected annually.

C 15

8. Originally intended for the accommodation and treat- ment of those Chinese whose fears and prejudices against Western medicine prevented their applying for relief at the Government Hospitals these institutions at a later period intro- duced and encouraged scientific methods.

9.

The activities of the Chinese Hospitals include:--

(a) The care of the sick and treatment by Western methods or Chinese methods according to the wish of the patient.

(b) Maternity benefits and infant welfare by Western

methods only.

(c) Vaccination.

(d) Health propaganda.

(e) Assistance to the destitute.

(f) The provision of coffins for and the burial of the

dead.

10. Much progress has been made in all departments of the hospitals during the last few years. These improvements

include:

(a) The appointment of University graduates as full

time Resident Medical Officers.

(b) The foundation of training schools

schools for female

nurses.

(c) Extensions and improvements in the male nursing

section.

(d) The establishment of clinical laboratories.

(e) The provision of radiological apparatus.

(f) The establishment of up-to-date operating theatres.

(g) The purchase of motor ambulances.

(h) Improvements in the accommodation for patients. (i) Improvements in quarters for the staff.

11. To-day each of the three Chinese Hospitals has a good operating theatre where operations, many of which are major in character, are performed daily.

12. In charge of the medical side (Western) of each hospital is a Medical Superintendent, a graduate of the University, whose salary is paid by Government, and who is a member of the Medical Department.

·

C 16

THE TUNG WAH HOSPITAL.

13. The Tung Wah was established in 1870 as a Chinese free hospital to be managed by Chinese Directors under Govern- ment supervision. It has been partially reconstructed and added to from time to time. The latest addition was com- pleted in 1934 and contains 300 beds; this new block stands on the site formerly occupied by the original building erected in the year 1870. Originally the Hospital was in a wide open space, but houses have grown around it and it is now in one of the most thickly populated districts of the Colony.

14. As the Directors are reluctant to refuse admission to any deserving case and as the Colony does not possess sufficient infirmary accommodation for all the decrepits, the Tung Wah is not only a hospital but a place of refuge for the old and infirm, and has provided shelter, food, and medical attendance for many sufferers who would otherwise have perished without attention.

15. The staff consists of a Chinese Senior Medical Officer, whose salary is paid by the Government, and three Resident Medical Officers, whose salaries are paid by the Hospital. There are in addition a number of Chinese Herbalists who practise Chinese Medicine for the benefit of those who prefer that treat- ment.

16.

In-patients (General).

ones.

Western

treatment.

Chinese treatment.

Total.

1933

5,588

4,491

10,079

1934

5,671

5,480

11,151

17.

In-patients (Maternity).

1933

1934

1,600

1,320

18. There were 1,443 operations including 360 major

19.

Out-patients (General).

1933

1934

Western treatment

Chinese treatment.

Total.

28,443

179,821

208,264

23,227

159,511

182,738

The decrease in the number of out-patients is in all prob- ability due to the inevitable confusion arising out of building operations.

C 17

20.

Eye Clinic.

1933

12,540

1934

13,883

21.

Baby Clinic.

1933

1.270

1934

2,291

22.

Deaths. Brought in dead.

1933

1934

2,249

2,170

1,042

687

23. Although the number of patients who choose their own herbalists to treat their complaints is, to the Western mind, still too large, most of these are not suffering seriously. For anything of major importance they learn by experience to put themselves in the hands of a scientifically-trained doctor.

24. A large proportion of the deaths in the Hospital occur within 24 hours of admission. The sick poor go there to die. Those brought in dead include bodies sent from ships in harbour, from neighbouring hospitals, from the Public Dispensaries, and from private houses. These are taken to the Tung Wah for the benefit of the free coffins and free burials, and also to avoid post-mortem examinations.

25. The new building was opened in May, 1934, and is an immense improvement on anything that has gone before in this Hospital. It accommodates private patients, maternity cases, surgical cases, the operating theatre, the X-ray depart- ment, the administration department and the admission wards, besides containing lecture rooms for the nurses and quarters for the resident medical officers.

26. During the year 29 nurses sat for the Hong Kong Nurses Board Examination-25 passed and 4 failed in one or more subjects. Eleven passed the Final Examination and were registered as general trained nurses.

THE KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.

27. This hospital does for Kowloon and the Peninsula what the Tung Wah and the Tung Wah Eastern do for the island of Hong Kong. There is official accommodation for about 326 beds of which 229 are for general diseases, 40 are for tuber- culosis cases and 57 are for maternity cases. There are 18 private wards, including 7 for maternity cases.

C 18

28. The accommodation cannot keep pace with the growth in population. Kowloon has considerably more than doubled itself during the last ten years. No patient is turned away for want of room; and in both medical and surgical wards it is common to find two in a bed, and occasionally some sleeping on the floor.

29. The staff consists of a Chinese Senior Resident Medical Officer whose salary is paid by the Government, and three Junior Medical Officers paid by the Directors.

30. There are also Chinese Herbalists, who practise Chinese Medicine and are paid out of Hospital funds.

31. The patients, on admittance, can choose whether they desire treatment on Western or Chinese lines.

32.

In-patients.

Western treatment.

Chinese treatment.

Total.

1933

1934

10,088*

10,308*

3.195

13,283

2

2,883

13,191

33. There were 309 operations, the number for 1933 being

261.

34.

1933.

35.

There were 4,406 labours as compared with 4,006 in

Out-patients.

Western

treatment.

Chinese treatment.

Total.

1933

40,373†

114,627

155,000

1934

45,934†

138,745

184,679

36.

There were 3,813 eye cases as compared with 1,824 for the previous year.

37. The number of deaths in hospital was 3,444 of which 2,149 were admitted in a serious condition and died within forty-eight hours. As in the Tung Wah, the number of deaths is influenced by many factors which have nothing to do with the treatment in the hospital. During the year free burials were provided for 3,153 poor persons.

*Including maternity.

Including gynaecology.

· C 19

38. There is a small laboratory where facilities are avail- able for ordinary routine microscopic examinations. Two of the senior dressers have been given a short course of training at the Government Bacteriological Institute and they now serve as technicians.

39. The children's clinic is now held twice a week. The number of cases seen was 2,670.

40. There is also an antenatal clinic held once a week in the Maternity Block. The total number of cases seen during the year was 259.

11. The Home for the Aged in Ngau Chi Wan is a Charity Institution run by Catholic Sisters. The inmates number about 300 aged poor. They are visited regularly by the Senior Re- sident Medical Officer and free medicines and burials are pro- vided by the Hospital.

42. The first nurses from this Hospital to sit for the Nurses Board Examination took the December, 1934, Pre- liminary Examination. Of the ten candidates who sat eight passed and two failed in one subject each.

THE TUNG WAH EASTERN HOSPITAL.

43. This Hospital continues to do very good work. It has served the useful purpose of testifying to the older foundation- the Tung Wah-what it is possible for a Chinese Hospital to be. Everything is new and clean and it had the advantage of starting fresh in up-to-date buildings.

44. The staff consists of a Chinese Senior Medical Officer whose salary is paid by Government, and two Junior Doctors appointed by the Directors.

45. The total number of beds is 236, of which 194 are for general diseases, 14 for maternity cases and 28 for tuber- culosis. There are 12 general wards and 24 private wards.

46.

In-patients.

Western

Chinese

treatment.

treatment.

Total.

1933

3,327*

2,680

6,007

1934

4,004†

2,528

6,532

*Including 767 materity.

Including 954 maternity.

Č 20

47. Major Operations under General Anaesthesia.

1933

1984

48.

151

121

Out-patients.

Western

Chinese

treatment.

treatment.

Total.

1933

22,211

52,005

74,216

1934

22,117

58,954

81.071

49.

Vaccinations.

1933

1934

443

854

50. Two wards are set aside (one male and one female) for patients who are able to make some payment but cannot afford a private room. The charge in these wards is $1.40 per day including food and medicine. Each patient can, if he de- sires, bring in an attendant to help in looking after him.

51. Deaths in 1934 numbered 1,350. A large proportion of these died within 24 hours of admission. 667 corpses were brought in for free burial.

52. During the year 413 males were admitted to the special ward for the treatment of Opium Addicts. The average stay in hospital was nine days and the results of the treatment

were:-

Relieved Improved Unchanged

285 cases.

41

87

7

The cost of this treatment is defrayed by the Government.

53. The first batch of Tung Wah Eastern Hospital nurses sat for the Preliminary Examination of the Nurses Board in May, 1934. Sixteen candidates sat, three passed, six failed in one subject and seven failed in both. In December six candi- dates took the examination again and all passed.

THE TUNG WAH SMALLPOX HOSPITAL.

54. The Tung Wah Smallpox Hospital, erected in 1902 for the herbal treatment of smallpox cases, consists of six wards arranged in three two-storied blocks and faced by another group of three two-storied blocks intended for staff quarters and for administration purposes. At a distance and separated by a yard are the kitchens, the servants quarters and the mortuary. The whole is contained in a large compound. All the blocks are connected by covered ways.

C 21

55. There are 30 iron beds and a similar number of trestle beds which may be used in an emergency.

56. Forty-seven cases of smallpox were admitted during the year. Eighteen died.

57. A few cases of leprosy are temporarily isolated in this Hospital while arrangements are being made for their removal to proper leper asylums.

THE CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES.

58. The origin of the Chinese Public Dispensaries was a movement made in 1904 by certain leading Chinese citizens, especially Messrs. Fung Wa-chun, Lau Chu-pak and Ho Kom- tong, with the help and encouragement of Mr. A. W. Brewin, then Registrar-General. This movement began in the hope of coping with the scandal of the abandonment of dead bodies in the streets.

59. In 1905 two depots were established, the Western and the Eastern. In immediate charge of each depot was a Chinese doctor qualified in Western medicine who was assisted by an English-speaking clerk.

60. In 1909 the Government gave the movement public support and encouragement and the Committee became the Chinese Public Dispensaries Committee under the Chairmanship of the Registrar-General, now the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

61. It was declared at the time that the work of the depots or dispensaries was not hospital work and that the Chinese doctors employed were simply to diagnose disease and not to treat it. However, treatment centres were needed, and treat- ment, commenced in a small way, gradually developed until now the principal function of the dispensaries is medical relief. But in addition to the ordinary work of the polyclinic and dispensary these institutions serve as depots where the poor may apply for assistance in matters connected with:·

(a) The removal of patients to hospital.

(b) Certification as to the cause of death.

(c) Removal of corpses to mortuaries.

(d) Supply of coffins and arrangements for burial.

(e) The registration of births.

(f) Vaccination.

62. It is worthy of note that as far back as 1896 a Commission, appointed by Government to advise regarding the Medical Department, recommended the establishment under Government control of dispensaries in different parts of Victoria

and Kowloon.

C 22 -

However, none were built and the Chinese Public Dispensaries to-day occupy the positions which under other circumstances would have been filled by departmental in- stitutions.

63. There are now nine Chinese Public Dispensaries, five on the island of Hong Kong and four in Kowloon. Each Dis- pensary is controlled by a separate Committee of Chinese gentlemen who work in close touch with the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. Responsible to the Committee and in direct charge of the Dispensary is a Chinese Medical Practitioner qualified in Western Medicine. He is assisted by an English- speaking Chinese clerk and a staff of dressers and coolies. The services of Government midwives may be obtained through the Dispensaries.

64. Two of the Dispensaries are still housed in rooms attached to temples. Another, that at Aberdeen, consists of two rented shops temporarily adapted for the purpose. Gradually up-to-date buildings are taking the place of the temporary ones. The Dispensaries at Shaukiwan and Wanchai are excellent buildings of their kind, as are those on the Kowloon side at Yaumati and Kowloon City.

65. The year has been marked by still another general increase of patients in the Dispensaries. Equipment has been further improved and more new instruments purchased. All the Dispensaries now have complete sets of tooth forceps and sufferers from toothache are no longer forced to seek the services of itinerant dentists with their antiquated methods and septic instruments.

66. Sick persons too serious for out-patient treatment are transported to hospitals by means of ambulances.

67. Once a week at each of the Dispensaries a gynaeco- logical clinic is held by one of the Visiting Lady Medical Officers. In some there are two clinics a week.

68. Very good propaganda work has been done during the year by four Public Health Street Orators appointed by the Chinese Public Dispensaries Committee and it is hoped to extend the scope of these activities in the near future. The Orators also gave valuable assistance to the Police by lecturing and distributing pamphlets during the "Safety First " Cam- paign which was held at the beginning of the year.

69. Last but not least, each dispensary has a room attach- ed to it where dead bodies can be received for transport to the

C 23

mortuaries preliminary to burial.

There are now better facilities for placing dead bodies on the "Resting Tables which are provided for that purpose, and it is hoped that this will tend more and more to make the dumping of bodies on the street seem superfluous to the poor, who resort to this practice to avoid funeral expenses.

THE WANCHAI OR EASTERN MATERNITY HOSPITAL.

70. This Hospital, which is connected with the Eastern Dispensary, is in the charge of a Western-trained Chinese doctor. The total number of beds in 1934 was 31 and the number of admissions was 857. There was one maternal death, and twenty-four still-births. Since this Hospital was entirely renovated in 1931 it has maintained a high standard of efficiency and has done remarkably good work in a very crowded district.

י

Table A.

arrangements made regarding them. Number of Women, Girls and Children, admitted to the Po Leung Kuk during the year 1934 and the

January, 1934, ........ ...

In the Po Leung Kuk on 1st

Admitted during the year,

Total,

Kuk on the 31st Decem-

Remaining in the Po Leung

ber, 1934,

17

:

12 10

23

99

10

~

4

66

Committed under Warrant from the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs Committed under Warrant from

the Emigration Office.

Dent to Po Leung Kuk out of Office hours.

Sent with their

own consent by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs Dent with their own consent from Singapore and Sandakan.

Sent with their own consent by the Police.

Lost Children.

Accompanying parents of

guardians.

Runaway maid-servants or muitsais

Total.

Released after enquiries.

Released under bond.

Placed in charge of husbands.

flaced in charge of parents and relatives.

Sent to Charitable institutions

in China.

dem to school, Convent, or Refuge.

Adopted.

Married.

Died.

Cases under consideration.

Total.

:.

:

:

...

:

:

1

259

...

121| 29 | 84

70

563

251 14 18196 25

276

133 39

88

:

3333

93

629

629

10

40

288 16 18208 26 12

9 10 8 3

+

نت

34

563

4 40

629

A

C 24

Table B.

PO LEUNG KUK

Statement of Receipts and Expenditure from 1st January to 31st December, 1934.

RECEIPTS.

C.

C.

To Balance from previous year,

Subscriptions:

8,786.84

Grant by Hong Kong Govt.

7,000.00

Guilds,

3,112.00

Rent from House property.

3,621.00

Yim Fong & A. Fong Photo-

graphers,

Yue Lan and other celebrations, Proceeds from sale of hand work Miscellaneous

950.00

1,322.00

295.10

740.00

17,040.10

Interest:

On Current Account,.................................

139.04

25,965.98

EXPENDITURE.

By annual expenses for up-keep of the Po Leung Kuk,

13

(see Table C),............................

Balance :-

To Current Account,

Total.........$

C:

€9

c.

16,095.86

9,870.12

25,965.98

Certified by the Statutory Declaration of Mak Siù Chó and Tam Shiu Hong, Members of the Board of Directors.

Total...$

C. 25

C.

Table C.

PO LEUNG KUK

Statement showing particulars of expenditure of the elected committee from 1st January to 31st December, 1934.

RECEIPTS.

c.

EXPENDITURE.



c.

1

C 26

Balance from previous year,

377.89

Received from Treasurer of the elected com-

Wages,

Food,

5,584.50

3,502.96

mittee of 1934,

Miscellaneous Receipts,

Premium on bank notes,

16,095.86

Light and Fire,

14.71

Passage Money,

24.91

Printing,

1,834.36

481.85

114.50

Petty Expenditure,

851.86

Stationery,

176.22

Telephone,

129,00

Water Account,

895.89

Crown Rent and Rates,..

567.14

Medical Apparatus and Drugs,

173.35

Repairs,

712.07

Miscellaneous,...

1,069:23

16,092.93

Balance in hand.

420.44

Total,..........$

16,513.37

Total,.

$

16,513.37

C 27

Table I.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE 1933 AND 1934.

Personal Emoluments*

Other Charges.

Conveyance Allowances.

Incidental Expenses

Library

Total Personal Emoluments. and

Other Charges

1933.

$172,348.81

1934.

$138,984.49

1,763.39

1,695.48

1,069.38

1,022.62

139.93

128.90

$175.821.51

$141,831.49

*Includes Officers of Cadet, S.C. & A. and J.C. Services.

Table II.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE 1933 AND 1934.

1933.

1934.

Licences and Internal Revenue

not otherwise specified.

Chinese Boarding House Licences... $14,453.33

Emigration Passage Broker Licences

$15,878.33

1,200.00

1,000.00

Fecs of Court or Office.

Certificates to Chinese Proceeding

to Foreign Countries

600.00

550.00

Miscellaneous

13.00

12.00

Official Signatures

75.00

160.00

Miscellaneous Receipts.

Condemned Stores

Total

6.27

18.42

$16,347.60

$17,618.75

C 28

Table III.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE FOR

LAST TEN YEARS.

Year.

*Personal Emoluments

Special

Total

Total

and Other Charges.

Expenditure. Expenditure.

Revenue.

1925...... 67,184.59

67,184.59

15,741.94

1926...... 68,496.98

68,496.98

19,740.62

1927...... 76,979.90

120.00

77,099.90

22,318.25

1928...... 73,738.41

73,738.41

20,040.53

1929...... 78,121.08

78,121.08 16,828.36

1930...... 130,279.41

130,279.41

20,176.06

1931...... 135,424.29

135,424.29

18,771.59

1932......

130,880.54

130,880.54

17,344.03

1933...... 175,321.51

175,321.51 16.347.60

1934...... 141,831.49

141,831.49

17,618.75

* Includes officers of Cadet, S. C. & A., & J. C. Services attached

to department.

- C 29

Table IV.

Number of Female Passengers and Boys examined and passed before the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under

"The Asiatic Emigration Ordinance, 1915”,

during the year 1934.

Women and Children 1934.

Total Woman

and

Women. Girls. Boys.

Total. Children

1933.

Macassar,

160

29

88

277

222

Straits Settlements and F.M.S.,

21,306

2,499 3,842

27,647

7,524

Dutch Indies,

230

32

92

354

387

Belawan Deli,

231

57

113

401

321

British North Borneo,

651

121

230

1,002

557

Honolulu,

132

53

78

263

214

United States of America,

129

45

210

384

279

South America,

36

ΟΙ

5

18

59

$1

Mauritius and Reunion,

113

6

55

174

100

Australia,

10

3

21

34

9

India,

97

13

49

159

124

South Africa,

1

3

4

:

Vancouver,

103

20

101

230

122

Batavia,

1,164

127

341

1,632

1,593

Sourabaya,

Rangoon,

Billiton,

Victoria,

Seattle,

296

24

86

406

298

100

36

84

310

203

3

:

:.

:

:

6

26

5

17

28

29

68

103

115

24,881

3,090 5,496 33,467 12,190

1

- C 30

Table V.

NUMBER OF ASSISTED EMIGRANTS.

Rejected.

Year. Examined. Passed.

Un- willing.

Rejected Rejected

at

by

S.C.A. Doctor.

Rejected.

* Total

Percentage

of Rejection.

1933,

474

459

Nil

Nil

Nil

15

3.16

1934,

1,648 1,565

83

5.04

*This number includes those who failed to appear for the final examination.



NATIVE DISTRICTS OF ASSISTED EMIGRANTS PASSED.

West River

314

East River

178

North River

85

Canton

60

Delta

810

Kwong Sai

32

Southern Districts

86

Total

1,565

C 32

-

Table VII,

Statement of the Receipts and Expenditure relative to the Hong Kong District Watchman Fund for the year 1934.

Receipts.

Expenditure.

To Balance,

""

"9

Contributions, (Victoria $52,304.97

plus Kowloon $16,108,80).........

Grant by Hong Kong Government,...

Payment to District Watchmen for

Special Services,

C.

$ c.

$

C.

Wages and Salaries :-

men,..

Detectives,

143,337.78

68,413.77

1st Class District Watchmen,... 8,863.82

100.00

2nd 3rd

17

"

12

Chief District Watchmen, Assistant Chief District Watch-

2,808.00

2,833.00

.10,676.52

Miscellaneous :-

Cooks,........

2,313.00

Coolies,

Messenger,

>>

Fines,........

154,25

Office Staff:-

Manager,

House Rents,

996.00

Collectors,

""

Sales of unserviceable stores

15.00

""

"

Interest on Hong Kong Government

Other Charges :-

4% Conversion Loan,

1,520.00

""

Interest on Fixed Deposits....

900.00

Allowance to Detectives,

Medal Allowance,

Rent Allowance,

Conservancy Allowance,....

"

..

17,349.12 1,589,08

99

44,119.54

1,104.00 840.00 96.00

2,040,00

180.00 1,176.00

1,356.00

Total,...

47,515,54

2,086.00

1,122.87

Conveyance Allowance &c.,

...

Interest on Current Account,

1,031.83

Electric Charges,

2,377.30

49.00 903.33 1,138.22

""

Rents of Telephone,

609.00

Stationery and Printing,

580.69

Uniforms and Equipments,.

2,671.07

Ammunition,

196.50

Furniture,

75.04

Repairs and Fittings,

208.95

Crown Rent,

20.98

Premium on Fire Policy

426.84

House rents,

300.00

Reconstruction of West Point

D. W. Quarters,

4,637.00

:

Gratuities and Rewards,

4,620.50

Sundries,

898.10

22,921.39

Pensions :-

Ex. C.D.W. Tsui Cheuk and others,

Total Expenditure,......

3,788.61

74,225.54

Balance,

144,556.09

Total,....$ 218,781,63

Total,

.$

218,781.63

Balance co

Hong Kong Government 4% Conversion Loan,$38,000.00

Cash

Fixed Deposits

Fixed Deposits

Advance to C.D.Ws.

Total,.........

66,396.09

10,000.00

30,000.00

160.00

144,556.09

N. L. SMITH,

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

C. B. BURGESS,

Asst. Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

KO CHUNG WOON,

Manager, D.W.F.

Hong Kong, 31st December, 1934.

Examined and found correct.

S. W. TSO

LI YAU TSun,

Member of

District Watchman Committee.

J

Č 31

Table V,—Continued.

DESTINATION OF ASSISTED EMIGRANTS.

Whither bound.

Male Assisted Emigrants.

1933.

1934.

Dutch Indies:

Muntok

754

165

Billiton

Belawan Deli

Q

Samoa

313

Kenya

2

Solomon Islands

2

4

Ocean Island

156

66

Nauru

283

153

Mombassa

3

Sydney

10

2

Melbourne

4

3

New Hebrides

3

Sandakan

99

Total

459

1,565

Classification of the Assisted Emigrants examined, accord- ing to the language spoken gives the following figures:-

Cantonese

Hakka

Hainanese

Total

Table VI.

967

489

109

1,565

Chinese boarding house licence returns under the Boarding House Ordinance No. 23 of 1917.

Class.

I II

IV V VI VII Total

No. in existence at begin-

ning of 1934

1

57

2 189

276 81 606

No. in existence at end of

1934

1

56

3 161 249 82 552

Receipts.

- C 33

Table VIII.

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL.

CASH ACCOUNT 1934.

Payments.

$

69

Cash account from last year:- Tung Wah Hospital account Tung Wah Eastern Hospital.. Kwong Wah Hospital

Debit balance due by Man Mo Temple from last

$163,571.37

year

142.49

74,801.06

20,729.82

Debit balance due by Land Purchasing Fund from last year

212,379.03

Emergency Fund

98,407.36

Debit balance due by Po Leung Kuk Site Re-

Maternity Hospital

3,948.92

building from last year

84,340.21

Tung Wah Hospital Re-building

Current account with Kwong Wah Hospital

66,918.11

Fund

48,757.28

Do.

Tung Wah Eastern Hos-

410,215.81

pital

100,231.92

Current account with

Tung Wah Eastern

Do.

Man Mo Temple

33,274.44

Hospital

147,073.95

Do.

Emergency Fund

160.00

Current account with Kwong Wah Hospital

70,006.12

Do.

Maternity Hospital

7,115.92

Do.

Man Mo Temple

36,791.68

Do.

San Mi Year Land Pur-

Do.

Maternity Hospital

3,167.00

chasing Fund

4,807.55

Do.

Emergency Fund

984.07

Do.

Po Leung Kuk Site Re-

Do.

Po Leung Kuk Site Re-

building Fund

9,006.24

building Fund

14,024.14

Do.

Do.

San Mi Year Land Pur-

Kap Shut Year new Hos- pital Re-building Fund

19,731.50

chasing Fund

13,160.50

· Do.

Do.

Tung Wah Hospital Re-

ung Wah Hospital Re- building Fund

107,843.21

building Fund

36,600.00

Provisions for staff

14,410.99

Rent from House Property

76,468.59

Salaries for staff

58,170.05

Subscriptions collected from steamers

1,148.64

Provisions for sickroom and destitute persons...

*26,289.69

Annual subscriptions of Hongs

7,132.80

Sick room sundries

15,219.62

Annual subscriptions from wealthy persons

5,700.00

Hospital and destitute persons sundries

7,612.38

Subscriptions and donations

15,590.79

Chinese drugs

'25,624.25

Subscriptions from charitable persons

9,311.38

Western drugs

14,442.83

Special contributions for supply of medicines,

Repairs

3,846.71

quilted clothing, coffins and shrouds

2,756.30

Destitutes and Patients' passages

794.05

Government Grants

8,000.00

Repairs to landed property and water supply.....

2,807.49

Government Special Grants

47,482.00

Lights

8,662.39

Governments Grants for coffins

10,000.00

Insurance

571.38

Amount received from Government on account

Crown rent and taxes

14,842.67

of Western medicines

2,500.00

Grant to Old Men's Asylum, Kowloon

200.00

Grant from Man Mo Temple

2,500.00

Contributions from Theatres

1,440.00

Subscriptions from coffin home

1,650.00

Interest on loans and deposits

18,433.38

Small-pox Hospital expenses

Premium on notes and discount on goods pur-

Sundries for coffin home and burial ground

54 and 56, Bonham Strand West

Stamps and Stationery

252.23

Purchase of share of 2 houses known as Nos.

15,947.05

773.45

3,334.83

1 315 35

Grant to Kno TTT-L IT-it~1

0 ༢༠༢ ༡༢

0,002.00

CYCH iicies

CRIS Tor coins

10,000.00

Insurance

571.38

Amount received from Government on account

Crown rent and taxes

14,842.67

of Western medicines

2,500.00

Grant to Old Men's Asylum, Kowloon

200.00

Grant from Man Mo Temple

2,500.00

Sundries for coffin home and burial ground

252.23

Contributions from Theatres

1,440.00

Purchase of share of 2 houses known as Nos.

Subscriptions from coffin home

1,650.00

54 and 56, Bonham Strand West

15,947.05

Interest on loans and deposits

18,433.38

Small-pox Hospital expenses

773.45

Premium on notes and discount on goods pur-

Stamps and Stationery

3,334.83

chased

1,315.35

Grant to Kwong Wah Hospital

9,383.23

Fees from Patients

6,335.16

Do. Tung Wah Eastern Hospital

20,700.46

Rent from Coffin home

10,683.50

Do. Fong Pin Hospital, Canton

1,000.00

Sale of medicine and kitchen refuse, boat-hire

Burial of bodies by Tung Wah Hospital

2,517.01

and rent from ambulance

9,564.41

Burial of bodies by Government Mortuary

1,678.00

Rent from Yat Pit Ting and Wing Pit Ting

1,060.00

Interest on deposits

3,107.21

Rent from iron burner

1,335.00

Coffins for bodies buried by Tung Wah Hospital

4,638.29

Receipts for meals supplied to returned

Do.

Government Mortuary

3,794.96

enigrants

148.70

Balance

88,598.37

Subscriptions from Concert

10,095.54

Subscriptions from Theatrical Performances

2,228.48

Subscriptions from Charitable Boxes

111.77

Subscriptions from various residences

1,800.00

Receipts from sale of flowers

2,002.15

Transfer Balance of Maternity Hospital

6,353.00

Total

$995,170.21

Total

$995,170.21

The balance of $88,598.37 consists of the following credit balances:-

Tung Wah Hospital

Tung Wah Eastern Hospital

Kwong Wah Hospital Emergency Fund

Man Mo Temple

from which must be deducted the following debit balances :-

San Mi Year Land Purchasing Fund... $204,026.08

$166,097.09

121,643.09

23,817.83

99,231.43

3,374.75

$414,164.19

Po Leung Kuk Site Re-building Fund

79,322.31

Kap Shut Year new Hospital Re-build-

ing Fund

19,731.50

Tung Wah Hospital Re-building Fund

22,485.93

325,565.82

$ 88,598.37

Hong Kong, 12th March, 1935.

Audited and Translated from Chinese Account Statements

·(Sgd.) LI TUNG, Auditor.

LAU PING CHAI,

WONG TAT WING,

Directors.

}

INCOME.

Funds brought forward from 1933

-C 34

Table IX.

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL

INCOME AND EXPENDITURE ACCOUNT 1934.

$

163,571.37

EXPENDITURE.

MAINTENANCE

Provisions—

Food for Staff



C.

ORDINARY

Food for sick room

.$14,410.99

26,289.69

40,700.68

Subscriptions:-

Surgery and Dispensary :-

Annual subscription from Hongs ...$ 7,132.80

Chinese drugs

$25,624.25

Subscriptions collected on

Western drugs

14,442.83

steamers

1,148.64

40,067.08

Subscriptions from charitable

Establishments:—

persons

9,311.38

Lights

.$ 8,662.39

Subscriptions from wealthy

Insurance

571.38

persons

5,700.00

Repairs

3,846.71

Subscriptions and donations

15,590.79

Repairs to hospital property and

Subscriptions from charitable boxes

water supply

2,807.49

111.77

Sick room expenses

15,219.62

38,995.38

Small-pox hospital expenses

773.45

Grants:

Coffin home and burying ground

Government

$ 8,000.00

expenses

252.23

for coffins

10,000.00

Crown rent and taxes

14,842.67

for Western medicine..

2,500.00

"}

46,975.94

""

for special grants

47,482.00

Salaries, wages, &c. :.

Man Mo Temple

2,500.00

Staff salaries

Maternity Hospital Balance trans-

Sundries

$58,170.05

7,612.38

ferred

6,353.00

65,782.43

76,835.00

Appeals, grants, &c. :-

Special contributions:-

Destitutes & Patients' passages....$

794.05

For Mortuary expenses

$1,650.00

Kwong Wah Hospital

9,383.23

From Theatres

1,440.00

Tung Wah Eastern Hospital

20,700.46

For supply of medicines, quilted

Old Men's Asylum, Kowloon

200.00

Investments:-

clothing, coffins and shrouds... 2,756.30

Rent from house property

Fong Pin Hospital, Canton

1,000.00

5,846.30

32,077.74

Miscellaneous:-

.$76,468.59

Stationery, &c.

...$ 3,334.83

coffin home

10,683.50

""

11

11

Yat Pit Ting and Wing



Burial of bodies by Tung Wah Hospital

2,517.01

Pit Ting

iron burner

"}

>>

Interest

1,060.00

1,335.00

18,433.38

Coffins for bodies buried by Tung Wah Hospital

4,638.29

Burial of bodies by Government

107,980.47

Mortuary

1,678.00,

clothing, coffins and shrouus.....

2, 1J0.00

Fong Pin Hospital, Canton

1,000.00

5,846.30

32,077.74

Investments:-

Miscellaneous:

Rent from house property

$76,468.59

Stationery, &c.

$ 3,334.83

coffin home

10,683.50

"}

Burial of bodies by Tung Wah

""

Yat Pit Ting and Wing

Hospital

2,517.01

""

""

Pit Ting iron burner

1,060.00

Coffins for bodies buried by Tung

Interest

1,335.00

18,433.38

Wah Hospital

4,638.29

Burial of bodies by Government

107,980.47

Mortuary

1,678.00

Other Receipts:-

Coffins for bodies buried by Govern-

Premium on notes and discount on

ment Mortuary

3,794.96

goods purchased

Fees from Patients

$ 1,315.35

6,335.16

Interest on deposits

8,107.21

19,070.30

Sale of medicines, kitcheen refuse, boat hire and rent from Red Cross ambulance

EXTRAORDINARY

9,564.41

Purchase of share of 2 houses known as 54 and 56, Bonhamn Strand West

15,947.05

17,214.92

Balance

166,097.09

EXTRAORDINARY

Receipts for meals supplied to re-

turned emigrants

$ 148.70

Subscriptions from Concert

10,095.54

Subscriptions from Theatrical Per-

formances

2,228.48

Subscriptions from various Resid-

ences

1,800.00

Receipts from sale of Flowers

2,002.15

16,274.87

Total

$426,718.31

Hong Kong, 12th March, 1935.

Total

$426,718.31

Audited and Translated from Chinese Account Statements

LI TUNG,

Auditor.

LAU PING CHAI,

WONG TAT WING,

Directors.

Table X.

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL

STATEMENT OF CURRENT ACCOUNTS &c.

Kwong Wah Hospital Current Account.

Dr.

Cr.

!

To withdrawals during 1934

Balance..

$ 66,918.11

23,817.83

By Balance from last year Deposits during 1934

$ 20,729.82

70,006.12

>>

$ 90,735.94

$ 90,735.94

Dr.

To Balance from last year

>>

withdrawals during 1934.

29

Balance......

Man Mo Temple Current Account.

Cr.

142.49 By Deposits during 1934 33,274.44

$ 36,791.68

3,374.75

$ 36,791.68

$ 36,791.68

Dr.

To withdrawals during 1934

Balance

Dr.

ד' +

Table X-Continued

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL

STATEMENT OF CURRENT ACCOUNTS &c.

Emergency Fund Current Account.

Cr.

$

160,00 By Balance from last year

$ 98,407.36

99,231.43

$ 99,391,43

,, Interest received during 1934.

984.07

$ 99,391.43

Maternity Hospital Current Account.

Cr.

762.92

By Balance from last year

$

3,948.92

Rent received during 1934

3,167.00

$ 7,115.92

To withdrawals during 1934....

Transfer to Tung Wah Hospital.....

€9

$

6,353.00

$ 7,115.92

C 36

Dr.

To withdrawals during 1934

Table X-Continued

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL

STATEMENT OF CURRENT ACCOUNTS &c.

Tung Wah Eastern Hospital Current Account.

Balance

""

Cr.

$ 100,231,92

121,643.09

""

By Balance from last year Deposits during 1934

$ 74,801.06

147,073.95

$ 221,875.01

$ 221,875.01

Dr.

To Balance from last year withdrawals during 1934

San Mi Land Purchasing Fund.

$212,379.03

By Deposits during 1934

4,807.55

$217,186.58

Balance

Cr.

$ 13,160.50

204,026:08

$ 217,186.58

37

Dr.

To Balance from last year withdrawals during 1934

""

Table X-Continued.

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL

STATEMENT OF CURRENT ACCOUNTS &o.

Po Leung Kuk Site Re-Building Fund.

Cr.

$ 84,340.21

9,006.24

By Rent received during 1934 Balance

$ 14,024.14 79,322.31

>>

$ 93,346.45

$ 93,346.45

Dr.

Kap Shut Year New Hospital Re-Building Fund.

To Construction Expenses during 1934... $ 19,731.50 By Balance to next year account.

Cr.

$ 19,731.50

Q

38

Dr.

Tung Wah Hospital Re-Building Fund.

Cr.

To withdrawals during 1934

$107,843.21

By Balance from last year

$ 48,757.28

"

Subscriptions from Charitable persons. Balance.

36,600.00

22,485.93

11

$ 107,843.21

$ 107,843.21

Audited and Translated from Chinese Account statements. LI TUNG,—Auditor.

LAU PING CHAI,

Hong Kong, 12th March, 1935.

WONG TAT WING,

}

Directors.

Table XI.

TUNG WAH EASTERN HOSPITAL CASH ACCOUNT 1934,

RECEIPTS.

PAYMENTS.

Balance from last year's account,.......

$ 81,221.37

Balance with Tung Wah Hospital at end of last year,........

Current account with Tung Wah Hospital,

74,801.06

100,231,92

Balance left with Tung Wah Hospital at end of last year,

74,801.06

Grant from Tung Wah Hospital,

20,700.46

Salaries to staff,

Government Grant,

25,000 00

Government Grant for Western Medicine,

2,500,00

sick room,



Government Grant for Opium Relier,

Grant from Chinese Temples,

Subscriptions from wealthy persons,

"

2,473.50

Current account with Tung Wah Hospital...

Provisions for staff,

Sundry expenses for sick room,

147,073:95

28,185.20

7,554.51

12,982.83

5,841.03

17,000.00

"

"

hospital,.

4,375.43

100.00

Chinese medicine,

15,751.93

charitable persons,

26,006,54

Western medicine,..

9,652.02

Interest on loans and deposits,......................

1,926.50

Repairs &c...

5,629.45

Fees from Patients and rents of rooms, ...** **....................................、 Rents from landed property,..

13,957.40

Lights,

5,406.16

2,460.45

Crown rent,

1.00

Premium on notes and discount on goods purchased,.. Sale of kitchen refuse, patients' ricksha hire, &c.,

661.70

Stationery, Stamps and Advertisement,

2,956.68

Coffins,...

3,199.09

2,736.27

Burial expenses.......................................

Water account,

Coal,..

Sundry expenses for branch establishment for giving

free medical advice and free medicine,

Balance in hand,

*******

558.79

1,810,60

3,283.81

9,275.11

34,379.34

Hong Kong, 12th March, 1935.

1

!

$371,997.58

!

Audited and Translated from Chinese Account Statements.

{

TỨNG, LI TUNG, Auditor.

LAU PING CHAI,

WONG TAT WING,

$ 371,997.58

Directors.

19

Table XII.

THE TUNG WAH EASTERN HOSPITAL

Income and Expenditure Account 1934.

INCOME.

EXPENDITURE.

40

Account brought forward from 1933

Ordinary:-

Subscriptions from wealthy persons...... $

$156,022.43

ORDINARY.

Maintenance :- Provisions for staff

$7,554,51

11

100.00 from charitable persons... 26:006.54

sick room.

12,982.83

$ 20.537.34



26,106.54

Surgery and Dispensary :-

Grants :-- Government

Chinese drugs

15,751.93

25,000.00

Western drugs

9,652.02

25;103.95

for Western medicine

2,500.00

for Opium Reliet

2,473.50

Establishments :-

19

Grant from Tung Wah Hospital

20,700.46

Light

5,406.16

Chinese temples

17,000.00

Repairs, &c.

5,629.45

67,673.96

Sick room expenses

5,841.03

Investments :-

Crown rent

1.00

16,377.61

Interest

1,926.50

Rents

2,460.45

Salaries, &c. :—

4,386.95

Staff salaries

28,185.20

Other Receipts:-

Hospital sundries..

4,375.43

32,560,63

Fees from patients and rent of rooms

13,957.40

Premium on notes and discount on

Miscellaneous :-

goods purchased

661,70

Stationery, stamps and advertisements

3,199.09

Sale of kitchen refuse and patients'

Coffins..

2,736,27

ricksha-hire. &c.

2,956.68

Water

1,810.60

17,575.78

Burial expenses..

558.79

Coal..

3,283.81

11,588.56

Branch Establishment for giving free medical

advice and medicine

--

Balance

9,275.11

156,022.43

$ 271,765.66

$ 271,765.66

Dr.

To Balance brought forward from 1933

"1

Amount paid Tung Wah Hospital in 1934

Table XII,—Continued.

TUNG WAH EASTERN HOSPITAL

In Account with Tung Wah Hospital.

Cr.

$ 74,801,06 By Amount received from Tung Wah Hospital in 1934 $ 100,231.92 147,073.95 Balance in Tung Wah Hospital

""

121,643.09

Total..

$221,875.01

FINANCIAL POSITION OF THE TUNG WAH EASTERN HOSPITAL.

Cash balance as per Cash account

Credit balance with Tung Wah Hospital

$ 221,875.01

$ 34,379.34

121,643.09

$ 156,022.43

Audited and Translated from Chinese Account Statements.

LI TUNG, Auditor.

LAU PING CHAI,

WONG TAT WING,

Directors.

Hong Kong, 12th March, 1935.

C 41

RECEIPTS.

C 42

Table XIII.

KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.

Cash Account 1934.

c.

PAYMENTS.

C.

Balance brought forward from previous year Government Grant

4,370.67

Current account with Tung Wah Hospital

70.006.12

8.500.00

Salaries for Hospital staff...............................

30.123.76

Government Special Donation

25,000.00

Provisions for staff..

9,707.10

Government Donation for Western drugs

2,500.00

Hospital sundries

2,235.15

Government Donation for giving free coffins..

7,000.00

Provisions for patients

12,589 66

Current account with Tung Wah Hospital

66,918.11

Sick room expenses......

3.545.88

Grant from Tung Wah Hospital

9,383.23

Charcoal

1.097 51

Subscriptions from charitable persons and yearly

subscriptions

Chinese drugs

13,828.36

Western drugs..

Subscriptions from Ko Shing. Lee and Po Hing

Lights

Theatres

2,240.00

Donations from A Fong & Yim Fong Photographers Donations from Old Yaumati Chinese Public Dis-

950.00

pensary

3,764.60

Telephone rent

Stationery, stamps and advertisements Water

Repairs and Furniture

Sale of Chinese medicine

Temples Account

397.95 18,761.83

Coffins

21,439 81 11,385.18 7,652.97 476 50 2,208 98 295.79 1,682.19 7,753.79

Burial of bodies from Hospital Mortuary

916 95

Miscellaneous income

492.78

Payments by in-patients and for drugs

14,111.05

Burial of bodies from Old Men's Asylum.. Burial of bodies from Yaumati Public Mortuary...

30.55

484.00

Amount transferred from Free Chinese Drugs

Grave stones

396.80

Special Fund to Income & Expenditure A/C ...

9.004.92

Crown rent

13.00

Amount transferred from Temples Account

17,136.69

Temples

18.761.83

Hung Shing Temple Account

1,035.00

Bedding and clothing for patients

1,260.50

Shui Yuet Kung Account

6,300.00

Hung Sing Temple Account

1,035.00

Wharf Rent

Tin Hau Temple Account

Rent from Ambulance and iron burner

Donation property Rent collection Fund Various deposits received



Cost of meals supplied to nurses

Chinese Drugs special Fund

15,046.47

Shui Yuet Kung Account

6,300.00

2,216.00

Tin Hau Temple Account

15,046.47

...

491.96

Paid in connection with Ambulance

486.39

2,806.67

2,617.00

300.00

Donation property Rent collection Fund.

Room & Segregation Room.....

491.96

Building work in connection with Operating

149.00

10,802.31

Amount paid on account of Free Chinese Drugs

Special Fund....

10,802.31

Western Medicine utensils

506.25

$ 215,255.60

Surgical Instruments

Balance

3,153.87

3,220.33

$ 245,255.60

Audited and Translated from Chinese Account Statements.

LI TUNG, Auditor.

Hong Kong, 12th March, 1935.

LAU PING CHAI,

WONG TAT WING,

·Directors

INCOME.

- C 43

Table XIV.

KWONG WAH HOSPITAL

Income and Expenditure Account 1934.

EXPENDITURE.

Balance from previous account including $1,252.76 advanced for building of Hung Shing Temple,..

A.-ORDINARY,

C

Payment for meals supplied to nurses. $ 2,617.00

C.

23,424.32

C.



A.-MAINTENANCE.

Provisions:-

Staff, Patients..

.$ 9,707.10 12,589.66

22,296.76

Dispensary:-

To amount transferred from Free

Chinese drugs,

21,439.81

Chinese Drugs Special Fund,

9.004.92

Western drugs,

11,385.18

Rent from Temple and Wharf,

300.00

32,824.99

Rent from ambulance and iron burner.

2,216.00

Establishments :-

14,137.92

Lights,

7.652.97

Government Grant (General),

8,500.00

Furniture and repairs,

1,682.19

do.

for Western drugs,...

2,500.00

Sick room expenses,.

3,545.88

do. for free coffins,

7,000.00

Charcoal,

1,097.51

18,000.00

Telephone rent,.

476.50

Subscriptions:--

Water,

295.79

Charitable persons,

13,828.36

Sundries,

2,235.15

Temples Fund transferred,...

17,136.69

Crown rent.

13.00

Tung Wah Hospital.

9,383.23

Western Medicine utensils,.

506.25

40,348.28

Surgical Instruments...

3,153.87

Entertainments:--

Bedding and clothing for patients,

1,260.50

Ko Shing, Lee and Po Hing Theatres,

2,240.00

21,919.61

Donations:-

Salaries:-

A Fong and Yim Fong Photographers,

950.00

Hospital staff,

30,123.76

Old Yaumati Public Dispensary,

3,764.60

4,714.60

Patients Payments

MISCELLANEOUS.

In and Out Patients,

Chinese drugs sold,

14,111.05 397.95

Stationery, stamps & advertisements,

2,208.98

14,509.00

Coffins,

7,753.79

Other receipts :—

Burial of bodies,

916.95

Miscellaneous income,......

492.78

Burial of bodies from Yaumati,..

484.00

Burial of bodies from Old Men's

Asylum,

30.55

B.-EXTRAORDINARY,

Grave stones,

396.80

Payments in connection with am-

Donations:-

bulance

486.39

Government Special donation.

25,000.00

12,277.46

Balance,

23,424.32

$ 142,866.90

$142,866.90

Hong Kong, 12th March, 1935.

Audited and Translated from Chinese Account Statements.

LI TUNG,

Auditor.

LAU PING CHAI,

WONG TAT WING,

} Di

Directors.

Dr.

Table XV.

FINANCIAL POSITION OF THE KWONG WAH HOSPITAL 1934.

Free Chinese Drugs Special Fund deposited with Tung Wah Hospital.

Cr.

To Amount left deposited with Tung Wah Hos- pital at end of 1933,

Interest,

Rents,

$

C.

By Crown rent and taxes,

64,761.80

3,235.21

7,567.10

,, Repairs,

Insurance,

""

"

Sundry expenses,

Transferred to Kwong Wah Hospital for

"

""

free gift of Chinese Medicine, Balance,

75,364.11

1,428.64

221.06

113.00

34.69

9,004.92

64,761.80

$ 75,564.11

Cr.

Dr.

Tung Wah Hospital Current Account.

To Amount deposited with Tung Wah Hos- pital at end of 1933,

97

Amount paid to Tung Wah Hospital dur- ing 1934,..

$

C.

20,729.82 | By Amount received from Tung Wah Hospital,.

""

70,006.12

$ 90,735.94

Balance with Tung Wah Hospital at end of 1934,

$

66,918.11

44

23,817.83

$ 90,735.94

*.

Dr.

To Transferred to Kwong Wah Hospital Sundry Expenses.

>>

Table XV,-Continued.

HUNG SHING TEMPLE ACCOUNT.

$

$

Cr.

922.00

113.00

By Rent received from temple keeper

$ 1,035.00

1,035.00

$ 1,035.00

Dr.

SHUI YUET KUNG ACCOUNT.

Cr.

To Transferred to Kwong Wah Hospital

$ 6,246.00

By Rent received from temple keeper

$ 6,300.00

??

Sundry Expenses

54.00

Dr.

$ 6,300.00

Donation Property Rent Collection Fund.

$ 6,300.00

Cr.

To Crown Rent and Rates

,, Subscription to Yan Oi Hospital, Ching

""

Shan

Transferred to Kwong Wah Hospital

,, Sundry Expenses.

$

172.92

By Amount of Rent received

""

Rates refunded by Government

120.00

136.70

62.34

491.96

$

#A

$

435.00

56.96

491.96

Table XV,-Continued.

C 46

Dr.

TEMPLES ACCOUNTS.

Cr.

To Free School Teachers &c. Salaries

1,374.70

By Amount transferred from Tin Hau Temple.

$ 11,593.83

"}

""

""

""

"}

and students prizes... Sundry Expenses

132.20

118.24

""

""

>>

""

""

"

""

""

Transferred to Kwong Wah Hospital for account of Tin Hau Temple

Shiu Yuet Kung. Hung Shing

Temple

6,246.00

922.00

9,968.69

""

Transferred to Kwong Wah Hospital for account of Shui Ynet Kung Temple

6,246.00

""

Transferred to Kwong Wah Hospital for account of Hung Shing Temple

922.00

$ 18,761.83

$ 18,761.83

Dr.

KWONG WAH HOSPITAL

in account with Fund for Building Operation Room and Segregation Room.

To Porcelain Portraits of Subscribers

Balance

""

$



149.00

324.93

By Balance from last year's account

473.93

$

Cr.

473.93

473.93

**

1

:

Dr.

Table XV,-Continued.

Various Deposits Account.

To Balance..

$ 4,541.67 By Balance from last year's account ,, Deposited by Yee Kee

Cr.

$ 2,455,00

2,086.67

$ 4,541.67

$ 4,541.67

Liabilities.

KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.

Balance Sheet at 31st December, 1934.

Fund for rebuilding Operation Room and Segrega-

tion Room

Various deposits...

Chinese drugs Special Fund.

Balance

Hong Kong, 12th March, 1935.

$

**

Assets.

324.93

Kwong Wah Hospital General Fund in cash... $3,220.33 Kwong Wah Hospital General Fund deposited

4,541.67

64.761.80

with Tung Wah Hospital

23,817.83

23,424.32

Free Chinese Drugs Special Fund deposited with Tung Wah Hospital.

64,761.80

Debit balance due by Hung Shing Temple Reconstruction Fund.

1,252.76

$ 93,052.72

$ 93,052.72

Audited and Translated from Chinese Account Statements.

LI TUNG, Auditor.

LAU PING CHAI,

Directors.

WONG TAT WING,

C 48

Table XVI.

The following table shows the comparative expenditure under certain headings at Tung Wah Hospital, Kwong Wah Hospital and Tung Wah Eastern Hospital during 1934. (For the details of income and expenditure see Tables IX, XII and XIV).

Hospital.

Salaries and wages.

Food for

staff and patients.

Western Chinese Medicine. Medicine.

Tung Wah Hospital

58,170.05

40,700.68 14,442.83 25,624.25

Kwong Wah Hospital

30,123.76

22,296.76 11,385.18 21,439.81

Tung Wah

Eastern

Hospital

28,185 20 20,537.34

9,652.02 22,662.40

Total......$ 116,479.01 83.534.78

35,480.03 69,726.46

Table XVII.

The following table shows the comparative numbers of cases treated at Tung Wah Hospital, Kwong Wah Hospital and Tung Wah Eastern Hospital during the year 1934.

Western Medicine.

Chinese Medicine.

Mater-

Vaccinat-

Eye

Hospitals.

nity

ions

Clinic

Baby

Clinic

Deaths.

Cases.

In- Out- In- Out- patients. patients. patients. patients.

Tung Wah Hospital

7,532 39,401 4,484

159,511

1,492

2,347

13,883

2,291

2,241

Kwong Wah Hospital

6,090 39,451 2,995

138,745

4,106

525

3,813

2,670

3,444

Tung Wah Eastern Hospital

4,004

22,117

2,528

58,954

954

854

324

1,270

1,350

Total

17,626

100,969 10,007

357,210

6,552

3,726

18,020

6,231

7,035

Table XVII.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of Man Mo Temple Fund Account, 1934.

Receipts.

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

C 50

To Rent of Temple property

18,980.16

By Amount overdrawn last year (1933)

142.49

""

Rent from temple keeper..

8,672.95

Donation to Tung Wah Hospital

2,500.00

??

Government graut to schools

7,320.00

Expenses of Free School

23,965.35

"

Miscellaneous receipts

318.57

""

Repairs to properties and Schools

751.97

"

Amount received from the Hung Shing Temple Fund.....

Police rates, Crown rent and Insurance

""

1,500.00

premium

3,184.05

Water Rates

"

1,676.87

""

Miscellaneous payments

1,196.20

Balance

"

3,374.75

Total,..

.$

36,791.68

Total,.

.$

36,791.68

Receipts.

Table XIX.

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of Emergency Fund Account 1934.

To Balance from account 1933

Interest on deposits

Amount.

C.

Payments.

98,407.36

By Passage money for destitutes

.....

984.07

Balance

>>

Amount.

160.00

99,231.43

Total,.

99,391.43

Total.

$ 99,391.43

C 51

Receipts.

C 52

Table XX.

RECEIPTS AND PAYMENTS OF THE BREWIN CHARITY DURING THE YEAR 1934.

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

C.

To Subscription from Directors, Tung Wah Hos- pital

By Charity for Widows and Orphans

11,253.35

565.00

"}

་ ་

"

"}

"

., Subscription from Committee, Po Leung Kuk

Subscription book of Mr. Lo Yuk Tong... Subscription from Lau Yuk Wan, being re- fund of auditor's fee

Subscription from Mr. Kwong Wong Kwan. Interest from Mr. Lo Luk for mortgage.... Kan Iu Cho for mortgage U Nga Ping for mortgage

多重

Subscription to Old Men's Home

2,400.00

275.00

2,400.00

Salary for Accountant, Mr. Chan Yik Wan..

100.00

50.00

争中

Salary for Clerk, Mr. Wong Shut Ming

60.00

5.00

594.96

Stamps

13.00

1,344.00

646.86

Frinted matter by the Hing Shing

12.00

}}

,,

Chan Tsat for mortgage..

720.00

"

>>

>>

Li Sze Ngai for mortgage Lau Yung Yan for

720.00

Auditor's fee for Mr. Lau Yuk Wan

50.00

>>

mortgage

855.00

1

"

Ho Nai Hing for

mortgage

""

"}

""

Ip Shau for mortgage the Confucian Association

Mr. Tsoi Yung Chun for

2,160.00

540.00

share of legal charges' including stamps in regard of purchase of house property Nos. 54 and 56, Banham Strand West

500.25

...

for mortgage

720.00

Conveyance expenses for collecting interest, &c.

9.60

11

""

"}

""

mortgage Ip Iu Ki for mortgage... Ng Yan Chan for

495.00

Current account with Shanghai Bank

2,019.70

1,100.00

Loan to Mr. Shiu Iu Ki on mortgage

20,000.00

mortgage Dividend (from Wing Hing) for Sat A Li... Cash from Secretariat for Chinese Affairs for Shin Siu Sze

58.00

25.60

Further charges for the Confucian Associa- tion

6,000.00

84.00

Interest on current account with Shanghai Bank

35.70

Interest in advance to Wong Fung Sze on fixed deposit with Shanghai Bank

43.95

Interest on fixed deposit of Wong Fung Sze

with Shanghai Bank

43.95

Balance

1,479.21

"

Current account with Shanghai Bank

10,500:25

Mortgage paid off by Ng Yan Chan

20,000.00

Cash balance brought forward from the pre-

vious year

2.74

?? 4

"}

Ho Nai Hing for

mortgage

ܝܙ

"

Ip Shau for mortgage the Confucian Association

2,160.00

540.00

>>

""

"}

for mortgage Mr. Tsoi Yung Chun for

720.00

RJANTA

vi juger Charges, including stamps in regard of purchase of house property Nos. 54 and 56, Banham Strand West

Conveyance expenses for collecting interest, &c.

500.25

9.60



mortgage

495.00

Current account with Shanghai Bank

2,019.70

>>

""

"

Ip Iu Ki for mortgage.... Ng Yan Chan for

1,100.00

Loan to Mr. Shiu Iu Ki on mortgage

20,000.00

mortgage

58.00

17

11

Dividend (from Wing Hing) for Sat A Li... Cash from Secretariat for Chinese Affairs for Shin Siu Sze

25.60

""

Further charges for the Confucian Associa- tion

6,000.00

84.00

Interest on current account with Shanghai

""

Bank

35.70

>>

Interest on fixed deposit of Wong Fung Sze with Shanghai Bank

Interest in advance to Wong Fung Sze on fixed deposit with Shanghai Bank

43.95

Balance

43.95

1,479.21

""

Current account with Shanghai Bank

10,500:25

Mortgage paid off by Ng Yan Chan

20,000.00

Cash balance brought forward from the pre-

vious year

2.74

Total

The Summary of Assets is as follows:

$43,941.06

Total

$43,941.06

Loan to Messrs. Chan Tsat and Li Sze Ngai on mortgage of houses Nos. 7 and 19, Temple Street Mr. Lau Yung Yan on mortgage of houses Nos. 13 and 15, Temple Street

33

.$ 16,000.00

11

11

Tsoi Yung Chun on mortgage of house No. 17, Temple Street

"1

""

>>

Kan Iu Cho on mortgage of house property in Wanchai Road

>"

U Nga Ping on mortgage of houses Nos. 54 and 56, Bonham Strand

"}

Lo Luk on mortgage of house No. 82, Whitfield

""

Ho Nai Hing on mortgage of house property in Jervois Street

''

""

Ip Shau on mortgage of house No. 136, Hollywood Road

"}

Shiu Iu Ki on mortgage of house No. 238, Hollywood Road

12,000.00

6,000.00

16,000.00

45,000.00

8,500.00

40,000.00

10,000.00

20,000.00

on mortgage and further charges for the Confucian Association in respect of house No. 18A, Stanley Street 12,000.00 Fixed deposit and interest of Wong Fung Sze with Shanghai Bank

Current account deposits with Shanghai Bank

Deposit with Tung Wah Hospital

Total.

1,509.24

3,661.70

1,479.21

$192,150.15

(Sgd.) LAU PING CHAI,

(Sgd.) WONG TAT WING,

Directors of Tung Wah Hospital.

Table XXI.

Summary of work done in the Chinese Public Dispensaries during the year 1934.

PATIENTS.

Dispensaries.

New

Cases.

Old

cases.

Certificates of causes of death.

Patients sent to Hospitals.

Patients

Corpses

removed

removed

to

to

Hospitals

by

Ambu-

lance.

Hospital

or Mor-

tuary.

Applications

for coffins.

Dead

Infants

brought

to Dis-

pensary.

Vaccinations.

Gynaecological cases seen by

Lady Doctor.

New

Cases.

Old

Cases.

Central

25,998

25,871

20

2

32

22

29

3.781

257

391

Eastern

14,532

13,140

9

3

17

31

31

216

4,288

549

615

Western

17,193 14,554

21

21

15

354

354

328

4,909

Shaukiwan

25,484

40,027

13

61

I

6

193

7,316

817

964

Aberdeen...

7,714

6,475

47

4

991

271

252

...

Harbour and

Yaumati

41,845

35,742

41

93

24

174

172

9,638

1,400

1,376

Shamshuipo

25,456

13,060

4

32

279 -

268

12,778

877

1,334

Hung Hom

12,690

3,030

61

109

9

157

155

6,200

325

269

Kowloon City..

17,973

8,033

68

54

6

110

110

4,382

234

327

Total for 1934...

188,885

159,932 237

422

76

1,143

413

1,471

54,283

4,730

5,528

Total for 1933...

165,661

126,716

322

568

95

1,136

414

1,415

61,728 9,659

Č 53

C 54

Table XXII.

Receipts.

CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES.

Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1934.

$

C.

$



Expenditure.

$

C.

$ C.

To Balance

>"

""

Grant by Hong Kong Govern-

ment

Grant from General Chinese

Charities Fund.....

Donations from :-

Taiping Theatre................ Pei Ho Theatre.... Ko Shing Theatre Lee Theatre

Subscriptions, Land.....

2,000.00 2,000.00 240.00

120.00

13,435.15

Harbour....

10,006.30

29

Shaukiwan

1,364.05

وو

""

Kowloon City

1,307.15

Aberdeen

1,094.48

""

"2

31,567.13

22

35

Fees from Eastern Maternity

Hospital, Wanchai....

Square Fund..................

Balance transferred from Tsan

Rents paid by Kwong Chung

School at Shaukiwan..

Sale of Bottles etc. to patients. Interest :-

Pensions

**

2,434.20

""

Loan from Yaumati Public

4,500.00

72,338.87

9,500.00

19,000.00

By Maintenance of Dispensaries:-

Victoria

35

"}

Harbour and Yaumati Shaukiwan

Kowloon City.

Aberdeen....

Final payment to Contractor Tung Yick for erection of one additional floor to the quarters at Kowloon City Dispensary

Salaries to five Street Lecturers

of Health Campaign

Refund of Loan from Yaumati

Public Square Fund

Balance :-

On Fixed Deposit....

On Fixed Deposit

31,673.77

10,250.44

9,486.44

7,172.82

5,731.01

64,314.48

900.00

2,065.00

4,500 00

960.00

40,000.00

15,000.00

On Hong Kong Government

Yuk Hospital Fund......

2,493.87

4% Conversion Loan...... On Cash

11,000.00

5,468.93

305.00 57.81

Advance to Dispensaries

Clerks

......

140.00

""

On Hong Kong Government

4% Conversion Loan

On Fixed Deposit

On Current Account

440.00 1,500.00

211.53

2,151.53

Total

$144,348.41

Total........

泉右李

Member of Committee.

N. L. SMITH,

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

71,608.93

$144,348.41

Table XXIII.

SHAMSHUIPO DISPENSARY.

Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1934.

Receipts.

Expenditure.



C.

C 55

To Balance..

8,780.57

>>

Grant by Hong Kong Government

2,500.00

""

Subscription

5.00

"

Donation from General Chinese Charities Fund. (Reserve fund for the erection

"}

of Shamshuipo New C.P.D.)

"

,,Donation from Pei Ho Theatre

Rents from eight houses at Shamshuipo

7,300.00

274.30

>>

2,160.00

Affairs....

Interest

>>

Sale of Bottles etc. to Patients

""

Total,..

WONG IU TUNG,

Chairman.

849.42

By Payment through Secretariat for Chinese Affairs,

Payment through Local Committee,

Balance :-

At Secretariat for Chinese

With Local Committee

$14,016.00

1,001.10 15,017.10

3,060.00

8,812.18

19.99

21,889.28

Total,

21,889.28

IP WAI SHING,

Accountant.

N. L. SMITH,

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Receipts.

Table XXIV.

HUNGHOM DISPENSARY.

Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1984.

Expenditure.

To Balance.

Subscriptions, etc.........

""

Donations from :---

""

Po Hing Theatre,..

Scavenging Contractor,

$

C.



629.89

2,357.20

400.00

3,000.00

By Payment through Secretariat for Chinese Affairs..

""

Payment through Local Committee

2,034.00

2,828.69

3,400.00

173.53

Balance with local Committee

1,697.93

Total,.

$ 6,560.62

Total,..

6,560.62

LO YUET CHO, Chairman.

CHAN HON WA,

Accountant.

Balance at Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

N. L. SMITH,

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

56

Appendix D.

REPORT OF THE HARBOUR MASTER AND DIRECTOR OF AIR SERVICES FOR THE YEAR 1934.

CONTENTS.

:

PAGE.

:

:

:

:

Air Services

Bunker Coal shipped

Crews, Nationality of

Emigration and Immigration

Examination of Masters, Mates, and Engineers..

Junks

Launches...

Light Dues

Lighthouses and Signal Stations...

Mercantile Marine Office

Marine Magistrate's Court

:

Marine Courts of Enquiry

:

Marine Surveyors' Office

Moorings

Outstations

Passenger Trade

Pilots Licences

Port Facilities...

Registry of Shipping

Revenue and Expenditure

Shipping Report

Sunday Cargo Working

Trade

100

Yaumati Slipway and Coaling Depôt

:

:

:

:

***

2

2

2

10

5

2

2

6

5

3

4

4

3

5

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

2

LO

5

7

3

2

5

2

::

6

:

D 2

The year 1934 showed a general decrease in the amount of shipping using the Port of Hong Kong, the largest decrease being in Junks, Local Trade. Details of the comparison between the years 1933 and 1934 will be found in Table II.

2. Foreign Going Shipping entering and clearing showed a net decrease of 7,449 vessels and 808,550 tons, while Local Shipping showed an decrease of 7,419 vessels and 320,809 tons.

3. British Ocean Going Shipping shows an increased by 20,855 tons while British River Steamer Trade shows a decrease of 101,057 tons.

4. The River Steamer Trade shows a further decrease with fewer sailings on all routes. Table VIII shows the cargo and passen- gers reported at this office as having been carried by River Steamers.

5. The Junk Trade given in Tables IX to XI shows a decrease in numbers and tonnage in Foreign and Local Trade. The decrease in Foreign Trade is due to decreased Imports and Exports and the decrease in Local Trade can be accounted for by the general depression in shipping.

6. In Steamships not exceeding 60 tons employed in Foreign Trade there is a decrease in numbers and tonnage, due to the decreased in the number of Foreign Trade Junks entering and clearing. Details of launches entered and cleared are shown in Tables XII and XIII.

7. On the 31st December, 1934, there were 276 launches and 192 motor boats employed in the harbour. Of these, 392 were licensed for the conveyance of passengers, 28 steam launches and 21 motor boats belonged to the Colonial Government, three steam launches belonged to the Imperial Government and 20 steam launches and four motor boats to the Naval Authorities. There were also 14 motor boats owned for pleasure and private purposes.

Of the 392 licensed for the conveyance of passengers, 181 were licensed for Class I, 71 for Class II and 140 for Class III.

8. The Certificate of one Coxswain was suspended for incompetence or negligence in performing his duties.

9. 546 engagements and 550 discharges of Coxswains and Engineers were recorded.

10. The Passenger trade and the number of Emigrants departing from and arriving at this port are shown in Tables XXII to XXVIII.

11. Details of Bunker Coal and Oil shipped will be found in Table XXIX. The figures show a decrease of 57,564 tons in coal consumption, and a decrease of 19,790 tons of Fuel Oil.

12. The nationality of crews in British and Foreign ships entered and cleared is shown in Table VII,

D 3

13. During the year 11 ships were registered under the provisions of the Merchant Shipping Acts, and 13 Certificates of Registry cancelled. Details are shown in Tables XX and XXI. The fees collected amounted to $1,079 as compared with $1,657 in 1933.

14. 31,150 seamen were engaged, and 29,552 seamen discharged at the Mercantile Marine Office and on board ships. during the year as compared with 31,405 engaged and 30,961 discharged in 1933.

15. 132 seamen were received and admitted to the Sailors' Home and Boarding Houses. Of these the following were re- patriated as Distressed British Seamen, 16 to the United Kingdom, 67 to Calcutta, 18 to Colombo, two to Shanghai, four to Singapore. one to Malta; two were re-employed on ships being signed on articles and 22 obtained employment in the Colony.

16. $1,155.85 was expended by the Harbour Master on behalf of the Board of Trade in the relief of these distressed seamen.

17. The Mercantile Marine Assistance Fund Committee held ten meetings during the year, the first being held in March. Twenty-nine cases were investigated, permanent relief being granted in four cases and temporary relief in 11 cases. Three Europeans were repatriated to the United Kingdom, passages being provided for the voyage to London with the sum of £5 each for pocket money on landing. Two Asiatics were repatriated to Singapore, cash allowance for food en route being granted in each case. Five Europeans refused the offer of a passage to England and one died before a passage could be arranged. One Asiatic refused the offer of a passage to Singapore. The total sum ex- pended for the year was $5,199.

18. A statement of the surveys and examinations carried out by the Government Marine Surveyor and his staff is set out in Table XXX. The vessels surveyed for Passenger Certificates totalled 123 of 470,644 tons gross as compared with 122 of 481,780 tons gross in 1933, showing an increase of one vessel, though a decrease of 11,136 tons.

19. 69 vessels were surveyed at Taikoo Docks, 37 at Kowloon Docks, one at W.S. Bailey's shipyard, and 15 at Chinese Slipways, one vessel being surveyed on acceptance of Board of Trade Bottom Certificate.

20. The following is a comparison of tonnage and nationali- ties of the various vessels granted Passenger Certificates at Hong Kong during the year 1934.

British 100 vessels of 421,227 tons (Gross).

Norwegian 12

""

22

Danish

5

29,780 12,515

"}

J

>

33

19

Chinese

6

7,122

""

>>

"

D

21. Passenger Certificates were issued for the following

trades:-

Passenger and Safety. International Voyages... 20 Class IA Foreign Going

Class I Foreign Going (Coasting and Far

Eastern Trade)

Class III River Trade

4

73

26

22. Nine vessels totalling 63,308 tons (gross) were surveyed and granted Bottom Certificates during the year as compared with 18 vessels of 177,288 tons (gross) in 1933.

23. 20 Passenger vessels and 20 cargo vessels were surveyed for Radio Telegraphy certificates during the year as compared with three Passenger vessels and 10 cargo vessels during the last four months of 1933.

24. 83 Vessels of which 46 were British and 37 Foreign were surveyed for Emigration Certificates during the year as compared with 82 vessels in 1933.

25. 41 Vessels were surveyed for Load Lines during the year as compared with 47 in 1933. Of this number 20 were British vessels registered in Hong Kong and 21 Chinese.

26. 15 New Lifeboats and 105 Units of Standard Buoyant Apparatus were surveyed during construction at the Makers' works during the year as compared with 23 and 135 respectively in 1933.

27. 19,179 New Lifejackets were examined and stamped at the Makers' works during the year as compared with 14,465 in 1933.

28. 682 surveys were carried out on Steam Launches and Motor Boats during the year as compared with 689 in 1933.

29. During the year there were four Marine Courts of Inquiry:-

፡፡

On the 24th January 1934, to inquire into the circum- stances attending the collision between the British S.S. 'KWONG FOOK CHEONG", official No. 152106 of Hong Kong, and Steam Launch "TOMMY ATKINS." On the 26th April 1934 to inquire into the circumstances attending the stranding of the British Motor Vessel SVALE" official No. 121210 of Hong Kong on Breakwater Rock near Foochow on 11th March, 1934. On the 21st June 1934 to inquire into the circumstances attending the stranding of the British S.S. "CHANGTE" Official No. 153594 of Hong Kong at Basilan Island in the Basilan Straits on the 7th June 1934.

On the 17th October, 1934, to inquire into the circumstances attending the stranding of the British S.S. "CITY OF CAMBRIDGE", Official No. 144236 of Glasgow on the Pratas Island on the 6th October, 1934.



D 5

27

30. Examinations for Certificates of Competency as Masters, Mates and Engineers were held under Board of Trade Regulations. 17 candidates were examined for Master and five passed candidates were examined for First Mate and eight passed. One candidate was examined for Second Mate and failed.

42 candidates were examined for Engineer (Ordinary) First Class and 16 passed, nine candidates were examined for First Class Motor Endorsement, all passed. 18 candidates were examined for Engineer (Ordinary) Second Class and eight passed.

31. Under Section 37 of Ordinance 10 of 1899, 73 candi- dates were examined for certificates as Coxswain and 65 passed. 120 candidates were examined for certificates as Engineers and 85 passed.

32. 21 licences as Pilot were renewed during the year.

33. 866 Sunday Cargo Working Permits were issued during the year of which 568 were used as compared with 895 issued and 562 used during 1933.

34. Lighthouses and Signal Stations functioned satisfactorily throughout the year and no alterations were made in lights or fog signals during the year. Details of vessels reported and messages sent etc., are shown in Table XXXII.

The fortnightly reliefs to the Lighthouses were delayed on seven occasions, five times at Gap Rock and twice at Waglan.

35. The Aga Lights numbering 18 continued to work satis- factorily throughout the year.

36. The Beckwith Bell Fog Signal at Lam Tong Island con- tinued to work satisfactorily throughout the year.

37. Government moorings were used during the year 1934 as follows:-

A Class 3,010 days

B Class 6,505 days

C Class 590 days

In addition they were used by Naval vessels and transports for 53 days.

On the 31st December the following moorings were in position. A Class 18, B Class 28 and C Class five a total of 51 including 14 special Typhoon A Class moorings. Permission was granted for the maintenance of 54 private buoys and moorings and the fees received amounted to $2,980.

D 6

38. The Revenue and Expenditure of the department are shown in Tables XXXIII and XXXIV. Further decreases appear under headings "Light Dues" and "Buoy Rent." The former is due to the rise in exchange and the latter to the large decrease in tonnage of vessels using the Port.

39. An increase is shown under the Heading "Sunday Cargo Working Permits" due to more permits being used by vessels of higher tonnage.

There as also an increase under "Medical Examination of Emigrants Ordinance: 1 of 1889" which is due to the large increase of Emigrants shown under Table XXIII.

40. The Harbour Master's Outstations at Shaukiwan, Aber- deen, etc., issued 31,773 licences, etc., and collected $114,015.25 as compared with 32,397 licences and $118,271.75 during 1933. Details are shown in Table XXXVII.

41. Details of boat licences, permits, etc., issued will be found in Table XXXVIII.

42. The Government Slipway and Coaling Depot at Yaumati was kept busy throughout the year in routine slipping and fueling of Government craft.

43. 10,445 tons of coal were received and 10,470 tons were delivered (including deliveries from stocks at end of 1933) eight tons of Welsh Coal were delivered and 25 were received into stock, 17,777 gallons of kerosene were received and 17,796 gallons were delivered. 20,464 gallons of Petrol were received and 19,994 gallons were delivered. 2,048 tons of oil fuel were received and 2,041 tons were delivered.

44. Government launches were slipped, aggregating 87 times at regular times during the year and the slip was occupied 334 days.

45. A short summary of the facilities offered by the port of Hong Kong is given.

8th March, 1935.

G. F. HOLE,

Harbour Master.

- D7 -

FACILITIES OF THE PORT OF HONG KONG.

The Harbour of Hong Kong forms a natural anchorage for a great number of vessels. During the typhoon season there are special moorings and anchorages to which vessels can move with immunity from danger. The Harbour Department operates a thoroughly up-to-date salvage tug, which is always available to assist shipping during typhoon weather. There are available the latest type of steam fire-floats, and the harbour is efficiently patrolled day and night by water-police launches. Competent pilots are available to meet vessels at either entrance of the harbour by day or by night.

r

2. Buoys in the Harbour are owned by the Government as follows 18 "A" Class for vessels 450 to 600 feet long, 28 “B” Class for vessels 300 to 450 feet long, and 5 "C" Class for vessels less than 300 feet long. The charges are $16, $12 and $8 per day respectively.

3. The wharf and godown companies have berthing accommo- dation for 12 vessels from 650 to 750 feet in length. Maximum depth of water alongside the wharves is 36 feet L.W.O.S.T.

4. Fresh water pipes are laid alongside and one berth is piped for oil fuel.

5. Three public warehouse companies have a storage capacity of 500,000 tons, of which 300,000 tons is on the mainland at Kowloon Point, adjacent to wharves, and 200,000 tons in Victoria on the island of Hong Kong, on the Harbour front. There are numerous native-owned warehouses of small capacity in both Kowloon and Hong Kong.

6. Both groups of wharves at Kowloon Point have rail connection with the Kowloon-Canton Railway, giving direct rail communication with Canton. There are daily sailings by coasting companies' ships carrying cargo and passengers to all river and coast ports of Southern China, and to ports in the Far Eastern trade as well as almost daily departures by ocean steamers to overseas ports.

7. Ample bunkering facilities are provided by private stocks of coal averaging 60,000 tons, of which about one third is North. China coal, and the remainder Japanese and Formosan.

8. The average stock of fuel oil for commercial bunkering is 55,000 tons. One oil company has berthing facilities for two vessels, and another company for one vessel alongside the oil installation, with a water depth of 28 feet and 23 feet L.W.O.S.T. respectively. Delivery can be given up to 600 tons an hour from wharf and 350 tons an hour from lighters.

D 8

9. There are two large Dock companies with dry docks capable of taking vessels up to 750 feet on the blocks, The docks have depth on the sills up to 34 feet 6 inches H.W.O.S.T. In addition, there are five patent slipways capable of handling ships up to 325 feet in length and 3,000 tons displacement. There are several smaller yards mostly owned by Chinese, dealing with repairs to small craft and light work.

10. The principal dock companies have adequate facilities for the construction of ships of large tonnage, and for the prompt effecting of extensive repairs. There is also a thoroughly up-to-date salvage plant, and tugs are available.

11. A Waterboat Company, drawing its water from the Government reservoirs, has a fleet of eight vessels and there are three other small companies operating five vessels, carrying from 200 to 270 tons each.

12. The Harbour has a depth ranging from 24 to 78 feet L.W.O.S.T. The rise of Tide is about 8 feet O.S.T.

13. There are no Tonnage Dues.

14. The Government imposes Light Dues of Two and four-tenths cents per ton on all Ocean ships, and nine-tenths of a cent per ton on all River steamers which enter the waters of the Colony. The Sterling value of the above rates at $1=1s. 8d. is converted back into dollars at the average opening selling rate on London for the previous month.

15. A charge of $75 to $350 for ships of 400 to 5,000 tons, and over, is made for permission to work cargo on Sundays.

16. A large number of motor-boats, steam launches and sampans is available for communication between ships at buoys and the shore. A frequent service of ferry launches is maintained between Hong Kong Island and all parts of the mainland, also a Vehicular Ferry service between Hong Kong and Kowloon.

17. The Government maintains а Commercial Wireless Telegraph Station at Cape D'Aguilar which has an average day range of 350 miles, and a night range of 700 miles. Continuous watch is kept.

D 9-

Air Services.

Further progress has been made in the development of the Airport at Hong Kong.

The Aerodrome has been completely fenced in, and the western end of the landing ground has been regraded to conform to proper drainage levels. The slipway and protection pier at the western end have been completed and piling was commenced for the new civil hangar.

There have been 1951 flights of Civil Aircraft, totalling 1215 hours during which 3170 passengers were carried, the increase in number of passengers carried being due to the formation of the Far East Flying Training School.

The Far East Flying Training School commenced operations. in February and have under instruction at present ten Europeans,, ten Chinese flying students and 42 engineering students.

Flying instruction is given on three Avro Cadet Airplanes fitted with 7 cylinder Genet engines and one Avro Avian fitted with a Hermes engine.

During the eleven months of the year in which the school operated, 1720 flights were made, 2839 passengers carried, and 897.25 hours flown.

Four accidents involving serious structural damage occurred during the period under review, due in each occasion to errors of judgment on the part of the pilots concerned. No forced landing was made because of any engine or aircraft failure.

3. One Foreign and three Air Ministry Certificates of Airworthiness have been validated for the Colony and continuous inspection of all Civil Aircraft in service or under repair has been carried out.

4.

Fifteen examinations for "A Pilots licences have been held, all candidates passing.

Fifteen "A" Pilots licences have been issued and eight renewed.

One "B" Pilots Licence has been issued and four renewed.

Two ground engineers licences have been issued.

5. Twenty-five Aircraft entered the Airport from abroad and forty-two were cleared during the year.

D 10

6. Visitors of note who have stopped at Hong Kong during the year included Lt. da Cruz of the Portuguese Air Force on a flight from Portugal to Macau via Timor Island and return to Portugal.

7. Nine Certificates of Registration of British Aircraft were issued and five cancelled during the year.

8 The Hong Kong Flying Club ceased operations and the flying was taken over by the Far East Flying Training School.

9. The Revenue and Expenditure of the department are shown in Tables XXXIX to XLI.

The increase in revenue is caused by more aircraft making use of the facilities at Kai Tak.

The expenditure figures are exclusive of any salary for the Director of Air Services who as Harbour Master, performs the duties without further remuneration. The cost of Public Works is not included, in accordance with the general practice in departmental reports.

8th March, 1935.

G. F. HOLE,

Director of Air Services.

FOREIGN TRADE.

Table I.

Summary of Arrivals and Departures of all Vessels.

1933.

1934.

No. of

Tons.

Crews.

Vessels.

No. of

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

D 11

British Ships entered,

British Ships cleared,

Foreign Ships entered,

Foreign Ships cleared,

Stermships under 60 tons cleared,

Steamships, under 60 tons entered,

Junks entered,

Junks cleared,

6,396

9,768,426

472,257

6,245

9,725,627

482,040

6,408

9,785,036

470,849

6,248

9,747,633

489,032

4,303

9,055,352

301,120

4,006

8,801,972

290,354

4,324

9,090,171

298,812

4,006

8,799,046

289,283

3,971

101,454

48,934

3,273

83,838

40,951

4,001

102,182

49,112

3,274

83,200

40,930

10,827

1,482,476

165,649

8,417

1,352,993

156,296

11,262

1,477,486

174,913

8,574

1,459,724

160,779

Total of all Vessels entered,

25,497

20,407,708

987,960

21,941

19,964,430

969,641

Total of all Vessels cleared,

25,995

20,454,875

993,686

22,102

20,089,603

980,024

Total of all Vessels entered & cleared, in Foreign Trade,

51,492

40,862,583

1,981,646

44,043

40,054,033

1,949,665

LOCAL TRADE.

Steamlaunches entered,

11,490

385,097

131,451

10,677

363,690

123,834

Steamlaunches cleared,.

11,492

385,192

131,480

10,683

364,210

123,890

Total Launches entered and cleared,

22,982

770,289

262,931

21,360

727,900

247,724

Total Junks entered,.

17,123

689,656

157,859

14,114

598,005

134,457

Total Junks cleared,

17,025

720,853

163,718

14,237

534,084

141,890

Total Junks entered and cleared,

34,148

1,410,509

321,577

28,351

1,132,089

276,317

Total Local Trade (Launches & Junks) entered & cleared,...

57,130

2,180,798

584,508

49,711

1,859,989

524,041

Grand Total, (Foreign & Local Trade),

108.622

43,043,381

2,565,154

93,754

41,914,022

2,473,706

Table II.

Comparison between the years 1933 and 1934 of all shipping entering and clearing Ports in the Colony :-

INCREASE

D 12

1933

1934

DECREASE

CLASS OF VESSELS

No.

Tonnage

No.

Tonnage

No.

Tonnage

No.

Tonnage

British Ocean Going,

4,815

12,014,232 |

4,824

12,053,087

9

20,855

Foreign Ocean Going,

6,641

17,354,645

6,253

16,870,439

388

484 206

British River Steamers,.

7,989

7,639,230

7,669

7,438,173

320

101.057

Foreign RiverSteamers,

1,986

790,878

1,759

780,579

227

60,299

Steamships under 60 tons,...

7,972

203,636 6,517

167,038 1,425

36,595

:

:

Junks, Foreign Trade,

22,089

Total Foreign Trade,..

51,492

2,959,962 16,991 40,862,583 44,043 40,051,033

2,812,717

5,098

147,245

:

7,458

829,405

9

20,855

. Steamlaunches, Local Trade,

...

22,982

Junks, Local Trade,

34,148

Grand Total,

108,622

770,289 21,360

1,410,509 28,351

43,043,381 98,754

727,900 1,622

42,389

1,132,089

5,797

278,420

:

41.914,022

14,877 1,150,214

9

20,855

Net,

14.868 1,129,359

D 13

TABLE III.

NUMBER, TONNAGE AND CREWS, OF FOREIGN-GOING VESSELS ENTERED AT PORTS IN THE COLONY OF HONG KONG FROM EACH COUNTRY IN THE YEAR 1934.

BRITISH.

FOREIGN.

GRAND TOTAL.

COUNTRIES WHENCE ARKIVED,

Vessels.

Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons.

('rews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Australia & Pacific Islands including New Zealand, .

33

109,253 3.664

30

*

British North Borneo.........

35

91,176 2,762

25

Canada.

43

380,991

14,384

3

89,135 2,546

62,084 1,011

8,043 117

333333

63

198,388 6,210

60 153,260 3,773

46 1 389,031 14,501

Ceylon,

:

India, including Mauritius,

78

293,788 10,821

76

286,946 6,061

4

South Africa,

4

13,625

321

:

4

Straits Settlements & F.M.S.,

51

109,022 5,931

31

Unite Kingdom,........

153

China,

831,250

1,425 2,275,464 | 123,846

17,967

23

(River Steamers),

2,615 2,564,006 | 177,173

-

29

(Steamships under 60 tons),

1:

(Junks);

:

:

1,197

532

2,967

69,713 2,103

113,628 2.518

1,917,472 92,230

293,649 27 712

76,519 37,711

8,122 1,313,384 | 152,292

154 580,734 16,882

13.625 321

82 178,735 8,034

176

Denmark,

16 80,502

610

16

944.878 20,185

2,622 4,192,936 | 216,076

3,147 2,857,655 | 201,885

2,967 76,519 37,711

8,122 1,313,384 | 152,292

80,502

610

Europe (not specially mentioned),

6

21,743

330

37

151,951 2,340

43

173,694 2,670

France,

13,679

336

29

235,156 6,568

33

218,835 6,901

Formosa,

Germany,

8

7,797 343

44,638 628

91

123,402 6,715

99

131,199 7,058

75

351,673 5,878

83

396,361 6,506

Holland,

11

40,408

724

11

܀

Italy,

:

29

French Indo-China,....

Japan,

202

159

Macao,

2

(River Steamers),

268,181 15,350

778,652 21,943

1,332 100

1,226 1,160,904

11

62,278

348

19

(Steamships under 60 tons),

306

11

(Junks).

295

54,022 1,133

202,392 5,874

192 214,271 12,435

543 1,726,722 34,893

4,081 266

72,026 8,360

7,319 3,240

39,609 4,004

22

Netherland East Indies,

10

36,711

444

138

471,369 13,991

Philippine Islands,

29

296,489 11,518

103

592,002 12,062

94,130 1,857

29 202,392 5,874

394 482,452 27,785

702 2,505,374 56,836

13

5,413 366

1,574 1,232,930 70,638

306

7,319 3,240

295 39,609 4,001

148 508,080 14,435

132 888,491 23,580

Russia in Asia,

1

Siam,

South America,...........................

Sweden,

United States of America,

78

5,068

119,580 7,209

47

1



64

261,820 3,921

239 277,019 15,801

3 18,006 275

14 50,326 453

210 1,336,382 28,402

317

3 18,006

14 50,326

274 1,598,202 32,323

5,068

396,599 23,010

47

275

453

TOTAL,....

....

6,245 9,725,627 | 482,040

15,696 10,238,803 487,601

21,941 19,964,430|969,641

(D 14 )

TABLE IV.

NUMBER, TONNAGE AND CREWS OF FOREIGN-GOING VESSELS CLEARED IN THE COLONY OF HO

COUNTRY IN THE YEAR 1934.

BRITISH.

FOREIGN.

COUNTRIES TO WHICH DEPARTED.

Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Fuel Bunker

Oil. Coal.

Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Fuel Bunker Oil. Coal.

Vessels.

Australia & Pacific Islands including New Zealand

30 100.021 3,624

4.335

44 136,091 3,136

British North Borneo,

37

91,665

2,866

Canada,

... ....

38

8888

372,576

13,106

50 7,885

600 :950

12

33,123

486

Ceylon.

:

7,210

74

23

20

49

:

38

India including Mauritius,.

83

313,216 11,931

:

:

:

3,050

146

508,821

9,523

250 7,615

229

South Africa,

5

13,832

469

1,960

5

Straits Settlements & I'. M. S......................

48

United Kingdom,.............

96

567,541

'94,150 4,637

14,984

China,.........

1.457 | 2,393,723 | 131,859

3+

(River Steamers),

2,605

2,654,898 | 177,173

2,975 6,470

3,080 7,020

5,244 83,154

460 67,977

19

(Steamships under 60 tons),

""

(Junks),

Denmark,

Europe, (not specially mentioned)

France,

Formosa,

:

:

:

:

:

67 135,542

38 222,048

1,193 1,993,705 91,715

531 .292,915 27,712

2,969

4,792

12.925

115

5,239

134

834

34,420

2,650

15,859

3,136

76,309 37,725

20,323

2,969

8,248 1,406,891 156,324

8,248

12 57,621 455

12

3

1

4,862

105

+

12

42,762

437

13

29

235,359 6,346

900

29

Germany,

Holland.

Italy,

10

23,099

403

31

161,122

-2,341

6,330

106

728

117

176,133 7,226

70

975

127

:

57

265,966 4,320

680

88

11

46,939

719

1.00

13

15

French Indo-China,

Japan,

$226

190

Macao,

2

100

316,278 16,362 -209 80,029

913,308 23:150 3,350 20,030.

1,332

60

136,553 4,325

277 403,231 216,197

374 1,164,626 25,875

12 2,374 237

.130

15

9

23,094

503

3,691 21,816

564

20

55

14

11

(River Steamers),

1,223 1,058,365 62,278

12

(Steamships under 60 tons),

:

:

15,157

!

305

348 71,989 8,360

6,891

:

1,392

1,571

3,205

881

505

"

(Junks),

:

:

326 42,833

4,455

326

...

Netherlands East Indies,

30,417

464

760

121

417,602 12,676

90

5,645

130

Philippine Islands,

31

307,862 12,065

1,030

119

Russia in Asia,

3

Siam,

80

124,755 7,435 $2,190 25,210

206

South America,

.28

Sweden,

United States of America,................

41

195,281 3,284 500

400

675,177 14,465 1,110 1,350

$3,953

240,619 13,876 1,787 55,799

155,837 3,347

10 37,651 326

.224 1,342,403 27,359

153

134

250

-3

...

286

28

...

500

1,580 1,700

10

***

265

Total,

6,248 9,747,633 489,032 18,658 276,235 |. 15,854 |10,331,970 | 490,992

9,961 213,049

22,102

(D 14 )

TABLE IV.

'NAGE AND CREWS OF FOREIGN-GOING VESSELS CLEARED IN THE COLONY OF HONG KONG TO EACH

COUNTRY IN THE YEAR 1934.

7,240

74

236,112 6,760

11,575

:

49

127,788

3.352

70 7,885

38

372,576 13,106

600

950

BRITISH.

FOREIGN.

GRAND TOTAL.

DEPARTED.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

Fuel Bunker

Oil. Coal.

Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Fuel Bunker Oil. Coal.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Fuel Oil.

Bunker Coal.

:

New Zealand

30 100.021 3,624

:

4,335

44

136,091 3,136

37

91,665

2,866

50

7,835

12

33,123

486

38

372,576

13,106

600

950

:

...

20

23

:..

83

313,216 11,931

13,050

146

508,821

9,523

250

7,615

229

5

13,832

469

48

$94,150

96

567,541

4,637

14,984

1,457 2,393,723 | 131,859

2,605 | 2,654,898 177,173

460

2,975

3,080 '7,020

5,244 83,154

67,977

1,960

16,470

5

67 135,542 4,792

12.925

115

*38 222,048

1,193 1,993,705

5,239

91,715

.834

531 292,915 27,712

ɔns),

:

2,969

76,309

37,725

34,420

15,859

20,323

$22,037 21,454

469 13,832

229,692 9,129

134 789.589 20,223

2,650 | 4,387,428 | 223,574

250

10,665

1,960

2,975 19,395

3,080 7,020

6,078117,574

3,136 2,947,813 | 204,885

2,969 76,309 37.725

460

83,836

20,323

24.

:

:

8,248 1,406,891 | 156,324

12 57,624

455

:

:

2,248

1,406,891 | 156,324

12

57,624

455

ɔned)

1

4,862

105

12

42,762

437

13

47,624

542

:

:

*

3

29 235,359

6,316

900

29

235,359 6,346

900

10

23,099

403

A

31

161,122

2,341

*ade

2

6,330

106

728

117

176,133

7,226

70

975

127

199,232 7,629

70

1,703

:

57

265,966

4,320

680

88

427,088

6,661

:

680

311

46,939

719

...

13

53 269

825

15

136,553 4,325

.130

15

136,553

4,325

130

*226

316,278 | 16,352

209

80,029

277

190

913,308 23:150

3,350:20,030 |

403,234 16,197

3741,164,626 | 25,875

9

23,034

503

7.19,512 32,549

218

53,123

3,691

21,816

564 2,077,934

19,325

7,041

41,846

2

-1,332

100

.60

12

2,374

237

20

55

14

3.706

337

20

115

...

1,223 1,058,365

62,278

15,157

348

71,989

8,360

0 tons),

...

:

:

305

6,891 3,205

1,392

881

326

42,833 4,455

1,571 1,130,354 70,638

$05 6,891 3,205

326 42,833 4,455

16,549

881

9

30;417

464

760

1.21

417,602

12,676

31

307,862 12,065

*1,030

119

675,177 11,465

90

1,110

5,645

130

1,350

3

$3,953

134

250

80

124,755

7,435

2,190 25,240

206 240,619

13,876

1,787

55,799

153

3

286

:..

.28 155,837 3,347

:

...

10 37,651

226

500

41

195,281

3,284

-500

.400

-2241,842,403 | 27,359

1,580

1,700

448,019 13,140

.983,039 26,530

3,953 134

21,311 365,374

28 155,837 3,347

10 37,651 326

265

1,537,684 30,643 2,080

90

1,110

6,405

2,380

250

3,977 81,039

500

2,100

6,248 | 9,747,633 | 489,032

9,961213,019 18,658 276,235 15,85410,331,970 | 490,992

22,102 20,079,603 | 980,024 28,619 489,284

D 15

Table V.

NUMBER, TONNAGE and CREWS of FOREIGN GOING VESSELS of EACH NATION ENTERED at PORTS in the

COLONY of HONG KONG in the YEAR 1934.

ENTERED.

NATIONALITY.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

British,

2,404 6,000,717

242,589

River Steamers,

3,841

3,724,910

239,451

American,

229

1,396,156

30,958

Chinese,

666

729,422

46,399

River Steamers, Junks,

880

365,675

36,072

8,417

1,352,993

156,296

Danish,

133

342,975

7,745

Dutch,

243

877,095

25,464

French,

176

601,928

21,977

Italian,

41

305,895

9,105

Japanese,

853

2,508,425

61,706

Norwegian,

543

911,427

34,884

Portuguese,

61

26,658

4,567

**

River Steamers,

German,

136

585,979

9,985

River Steamers,

""

Swedish,

28

99,506

905

Belgian,

2

430

71

Panamanian,

8

29,574

310

Greek,

7

20,827

206

Siamese,

Chilean,

Steamships under 60 tons

trading to Ports outside

3,273

83,838

40,951

the Colony,

TOTAL,

21,941 19,964,430

969,641

D 16

Table VI.

NUMBER, TONNAGE and CREWS of FOREIGN GOING VESSELS of EACH NATION CLEARED at PORTS in the COLONY of HONG KONG in the YEAR 1934.

CLEARED.

NATIONALITY.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

British,

2,420

6,034,370

249,581

River Steamers,

3,828

3,713,263

289,451

American,....

230

1,396,373

30,923

Chinese,

665

731,301

44,851

River Steamers,

879

364,904

36,072

Junks,

8,574

1,459,724

160,779

Danish,

131

340,091

7,550

Dutch,

243

881,932

25,931

French,

177

602,835

22,167

Italian,

41

305,895

9,106

Japanese,

853

2,497,967

60,692

Norwegian,

546

913,147

36,095

Portuguese,

59

25,022

4,407

""

River Steamers,

German,

136

586,474

9,943

River Steamers,

Swedish,

28

99,506

948

Belgian,

2

430

49

Panamanian,

8

29,574

310

Greek,

8

23,595

239

Siamese,

Chilean,

Steamships under 60 tons

trading to Ports outside the Colony,

3,274

83,200

40,930

TOTAL,...

22,102

20,089,603

980,024

D 17

Table VII.

NATIONALITY OF CREWS.

OTHER EURO-

VESSELS.

BRITISH.

PEANS AND AMERICANS.

ASIATICS.

1933. 1934. 1933. 1934, 1933. 1934. 1933. 1934.

British,.... 6,396 6,245 50,804 53,145 3,325 3,448 418,128 425,447

Foreign, 4,303 4,006 1,271 1,225 63,193, 61,012 236,650 228,117

Total, 10,699 10,251 52,075 54,370 66,518 64,460 654,778 653,564

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

BRITISH

1933.

1934.

1933.

1934.

%

%

%

%

Percentage of British

crew.

10.76

11.02

00:42

00:42、

Percentage of crew,

Other Europeans and

Americans

00:70

00.72

20.99

21 01

Percentage of crew,

Asiatics

88.54

88.26

78.59

78.57

Total

100·00

100.00

100.00

100.00

*

Year.

D 18

Table VIII.

The River Steamer Trade 1933 & 1934.

Import. Tons.

Export. Tons.

Passengers.

1933...

292,995.00

482,319.00 2,684,594

1934..

297,532.00

339,498.00 2,623,874

Table IX

JUNKS.

IMPORTS.

1933.

1934.

Junks.

Tonnage.

Junks.

Tonnage.

Foreign Trade

Local Trade

10,827 1,482,476

17,123 689,656

8,417 1,352,993

14,114 598,005

Total......

27,950 2,172,132

22,531 1,950,998

EXPORTS.

1933.

1934.

Junks

Tonnage. Junks.

Tonnage.

Foreign Trade

11,262 1,477,486

S,574 1,459,724

Local Trade

17,025 720,853 14,237 534,084

Total......

28,287 2,198,339 22,811 1,993,828

Table X.

TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, PASSENGERS AND CARGOES OF JUNKS (FOREIGN TRADE) ENTERED IN THE COLONY of Hong Kong, FROM PORTS ON THE COAST OF CHINA AND MACAO, IN THE YEAR 1934.

CARGO.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Tons.

Crew.

Passen- Cargo, Ves- gers. Tons. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen-

gers.

Vessels. Tons.

Crew.

Passen-

gers.

Cargo.

Tons.

Canton,

284 74,090 5,697

18,192 | 2,147 | 409,286

34,174

2,431

483,376

39,871

18,192

West River.

Macao,

26

2.605 563,997 78,374

3,907 393

58,216

151,553 1,588 | 195,212

22,557

4,193

759,209 | 100,931

58,216

151,553

2,499 269 35,702

3,611

295

39,609

4,004

2,499

East Coast,

1,277

West Coast,.

14

63,644

1,331

9,849

221

46,967 203 5,575

1,371

1,480

69,219 11,220

46,967

267

4

249

46

18

1.580

270

267

Total, 1934,

4,206

706,969 94,537

58,216

219,478 1,211 646,024 61,759

8,417 | 1,352.993 | 156,296

58,216

219,478

Total, 1933,.

5,030

647,007 73,218 68,796

245,939 5,797 835,469

92,431

240

10,827 | 1,482,476 |165,649

69,036

245,939

19

Table XI.

TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, PASSENGERS AND CARGOES OF JUNKS (FOREIGN TRADE) CLEARED IN THE COLONY

OF HONG KONG, FOR PORTS ON THE COAST OF CHINA AND MACAO, IN THE YEAR 1934.

Cargo.

Ballast.

Total.

Vessels. Tons. Crew.

Passen- Cargo, Ves- gers.

Tons. Crew.

tons.

sels

Passen-

gers.

Vessels. Tons. Crew,

Passen- Cargo,

gers.

tous.

Canton,

West River,

2,527 518,769 41,861 2,735 675,107 85,099 57,808

504,178

70 5,888

556

2,597

524,657 42.417

504,478

208,316|1,417 | 146,717

17,180

5.818

4,152

821,824 102,279 63,626

208,316

Macao,

310

40,990 4,281

32,372 16 1,843 i

174

326

42,833 4,455

...

32,372

East Coast...

925

20,334

6,326

8,362

551

47,897

4.925

1.476

68,231 11,251

8,362

West Coast,

20

1.984

316

2.232

3

195

31

23

:

2,179 877

2,232

D 20

Total 1934,

6,517

1,257,184 | 137,913

57,808

755,760 2,057 202,540 22.866

5,818

8,574 1,459,724 | 160,779

63,626

755,760

Total 1933,

9,535

1,275,192 | 153,550 63,183 | 1,149,704|1,727 | 202,291 21,363

240

11,262 | 1,477,486 | 174,913

174,913

63,423 | 1,149,704

་ད

PLACES.

Table XII.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Entered in the Colony of Hong Kong during the year 1934.

Within the Waters of the Colony, 1934,

TOWING.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crews.

Passengers.

Vessels.

NOT TOWING.

Tonnage.

Crews.

Passengers.

Cargo, Tons.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

TOTAL.

Crews.

Passengers.

Cargo,

Tons.

1,254

...

22,980

13,191

585

9,423 340,710

110,640

261,456 5,947

909 17,341

9,131

123

10,581 367,756 122,320 287,076

6.260

10,677 363,690 123,834 11,490 385,097 131,451

265,041

5,947

287,199

6,260

Do.,

1933,

Outside the Waters of the Colony :-

Canton,

1,245 31,966 14,398

194 4,658 2,112|

:

West River, ...

Macao,

East Coast,

Other places,

231 6,975 3,330

114 2,362 1,214|

20 431 170

40

192 4,957 2,026

4

944

:

:

Total,.

83 2,975

759,17,809 11,845 412 2,432,62,087 31,731 412

351 8,723 3,966 3,735 841 21,751 9,220 3,779

84 2,982 946

:

:

:..

1,439 36,624 16,510

:

251 7,406 | 3,500

40

306 7,319 3,240

4

167 5,957 1,890

:

:.

:

:

26 1,110 26,532 |15,811 4,147

26

26 3,273 83,838 40,951 4,191

26

3

D 21 -

Table XIII.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Cleared in the Colony of Hong Kong during the

year 1934.

PLACES.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING,

TOTAL.

Vessels.

Ton- Crews. Passen-

Cargo.

nage.

gers.

Bunker

Coal.

Ton-

Vessels.

nage.

Crews.

Passen-

gers.

Cargo.

Bunker

Coal.

Ton-

Vessels.

Crews.

Passen-

Bunker

Cargo.

nage.

gers.

Coal.

Within the Waters of theColony, 1934, Do., 1933,

1,493 27,648 15,690 1,267 23,320 12,947

318

2

190

1,239

904

9,190 336,562 108,200 262,184 4,148 5,898 10,683 364,210 123,800 262,532 10,225 361,872 118,533 281,665 3,976 5,378 11,492 385,192 131,480 281.855

4,450

7,137

3,976

6,282

Outside the Waters of the Colony :-

Canton,.....

D 22

1,296 32,864 14,915

234 7,007 3,423

163 3,339 1,784

...

:

...

8,292 9,395

1,559❘ 3,891

160 3,953 1,729

2

...

1,368 1,456 36,817 16,644

28,292 10,763

16 363 143

40

78

250 7,370 3,566

552

104 3,750 1,184|

...

:.

:..

142 3,552 1,471

4

:

:

401,559|| 3,969

329 305| 6,891| 3,205

881

1,006

61 2,155

684

571

165 5,905 1,868



1,577

Total,

902 |20,805|13,402

2,699 67,765 34,658

861

3,400

861 | 9,851|18,244

|18,24

575 15,435 6,272 3,416

196 5,412 2,245 3,370 30

|15,435

614 1,098 26,217 15,647 4,231

30 2,960 3,274 83,200 40,930 4,277 9,881 21,20+

30 4,014

West River,

Macao,

East Coast,

Other places,

D 23

Table XIV.

Total Number and Tonnage of Vessels excluding Steam Launches Entered

at each Port in the Colony of Hong Kong during the Year 1934.

BRITISH.

FOREIGN.

TOTAL.

STATION.

Vessels. Tonnage.

Vessels. Tonnage.

Vessels. Tonnage.

Aberdeen, Cheung Chau,

Saikung,

515

...

18,641

515



389

19,672

389

18,641 19 672

115

2,600

115

2,600

Stanley,

Tai O,.......

89

3,651

89

3,651

Tai Po,

...

Deep Bay,

Tsuen Wan.

Victoria,

2,404 6,000,717

415 20,986 28,855 14,412,330

...

415 31,259 20,413,047

20.936

Total,

2,404 6,000,717 30,378 14,477,880

32,782 20,478,597

Table XV.

Total Number and Tonnage of Vessels excluding Steam Launches Cleared

at each Port in the Colony of Hong Kong during the Year 1934.

STATION.

BRITISH.

FOREIGN.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Tonnage. Vessels. Tonnage. Vessels. Tonnage.

Aberdeen,

517

18,488

517

18,488

Cheung Chau,.

399

...

20,207

399

20,207

Saikung,

107

2,648

107

2,648

Stanley,

Tai O,.......

89

3,651

68

89

...

3,651

Tai Po,

Deep Bay,

Tsuen Wan,

Victoria,

2,420 6,034,370 29,118 14,440,137

Total,... 2,420 6,034,370 30,645 14,506,117

...

415 31,538 20,474,507

33,065 20,540,487

...

415

20,986

20,986

D 24

Table XVI.

Table showing total Shipping of all classes at the Port of Hong

Kong during the years 1915 to 1934.

TOTAL TONNAGE

TOTAL TONNAGE TOTAL TONNAGE

YEAR,

ALL CLASSES.

OCEAN GOING

OCEAN GOING BRITISH

1915

33,884,919

14,381,808

7,358,586

1916

36,381,457

13,728,092

6,868,743

1917

33,827,325

12,289,548

5,168,058

1918

29,518,189

9,745,469

3,627,576

1919

35,615,169

14,467,847

6,842,024

1920

40,122,527

17,574,636

8,351,084

1921

43,420,970

20,061,611

9,247,198

1922

46,566,764

21,971,162

9,688,891

1923

53,402,239

25,894,058

11,222,141

1924

56,731,077

27,874,830

11,844,752

1925

49,520,523

23,653,774

9,866,820

1926

43,796,436

21,314,696

9,257,417

1927

44,127,161

25,700,164

9,660,440

1928

44,883,765

26,894,395

· 10,792,701

1929

47,196,181

28,285,741

11,151,152

1930

42,190,612

29,350,807

11,357,605

1931

44,150,021

29,446,145

11,540,844

1932

43,824,906

29,269,073

12,201,690

1933

43,043,381

29,368,877

12,014,232

1934

41,914,022

28,905,526

12,035,087

D 25

Table XVII.

DIAGRAM SHEWING TOTAL SHIPPING ALL CLASSES

IN

1915-1934.

'Tons.

57,000,000

56,000,000

55,000,000

54,000,000

53,000,000

52,000,000

51,000,000

50,000,000

49,000,000

48,000,000

47,000,000

46,000,000

45,000,000

44,000,000

43,000,000

42,000,000

41,000,000

40,000,000

39,000,000

38,000,000

37,000,000

36,000,000

35,000,000

34,000,000

33,000,000

32,000,000

31,000,000

30,000,000

29,000,000

1915

1916

1917

6161

8161

1920

1921

1922

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

1934

41,914,022

1915

1916

W

D 26

Table XVIII.

DIAGRAM SHEWING OCEAN GOING SHIPPING BRITISH AND FOREIGN ENTERED AND CLEARED 1915-1934.

Tons.

30,000,000

29,000,000

28,000,000

27,500,000

27,000,000

26,500,000

26,000,000

25,500,000

25,000,000

24,500,000

24,000,000

23,500,000

23,000,000

22,500,000

22,000,000

21,500,000

21,000,000

20,500,000

20,000,000

19,500,000

19,000,000

18,500,000

18,000,000

17,500,000

17,000,000

16,500,000

16,000,000

15,500,000

15,000,000

14,500,000

14,000,000

13,500,000

13,000,000

12,500,000

12,000,000

11,500,000

11,000,000

10,500,000

10,000,000

9,500,000

4161

1918.

6161

1920

1921

1922

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1930.

1931

1932

1933

1934

28,905,526

D 27-

Table XIX.

DIAGRAM SHEWING OCEAN GOING SHIPPING BRITISH ONLY, ENTERED AND CLEARED.

Tons.

24,500,000

24,000,000

23,500,000

23,000,000

22,500,000

22,000,000

21,500,000

21,000,000

20,500,000

20,000,000

19,500,000

19,000,000

18,500,000

18,000,000

17,500,000

17,000,000

16,500,000

16,000,000

15,500,000

15,000,000

14,500,000

14,000,000

1915

9161

1917

8161

1919.

1920

1921

1922

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

1934

13,500,000 13,000,000

12,500,000

12,000,000

12,035,087

11,500,000

11,000,000

10,500,000

10,000,000

9,500,000

9,000,000

8,500,000

8,000,000

7,500,000

7,000,000

6,500,000 6,000,000 5,500,000

5,000,000 4,500,000

4,000,000

3,500,000

;

#

Name of Ship.

Official

Number.

Table XX.

Return of Ships Registered at the Port of Hong Kong during the year 1934.

Registered

Tonnage.

Horse

Fower.

Rig.

Build.

Where and when built.

Remarks.

1. Cutty

154,089

6

2. Ho Choy

154,090

23 N.H.P. 4.23

Sloop.

Ketch.

Carvel.

.1933

>>

3. HWD 8

154,091

120

30

Clinker.

>>

4. Shuntien

154,092

1,570

14.70 Schooner.

....1934

"}

""

""

5. Tin Sang

116,035

267

33

None

}}

""

..1904

6. Changon

154,093

1,809

I.H.P. 1400

Not

}}

Hamburg.

1911

7. Canemola I

154,094

194

Nil

Rotterdam

""

8. Taikoo No. 102.

154,095

358

Not

Hong Kong.. .1933 First Registry (New Vessel).

.....1902 First Registry (formerly unregistered vessel as " K.8").

First Registry (New Vessel).

Formerly under the Portuguese Flag as "Tin Ting

""

Formerly under the Czecho Slovakian Flag as "Morava

..1931 First Registry

Carvel. Hong Kong......1934 | First Registry (New Vessel).

do.

do.

9. Taikoo No. 101.....

159,411

358

.....1934

do.

do.

"

"}

10. Lee Hong

159,412

674

N.H.P. 135.7

not rigged. Clinker.

..1934

do.

do.

"}

11. Romance

159,413

25

2.25

29

Fq. Rigged Schooner.

Carvel.

....1934

do.

do.

1

- D 28 -

Table XXI.

Return of Registers of Ships Cancelled at the Port of Hong Kong during the Year 1934.

Official

Name of Ship.

Number.

Registered

Tonnage.

Date of

Registry.

Rig.

Build.

Where and when built.

Reason of Cancellation.

1. Halvard.....

2. Hoi Fook

151,440

154,067 217

1,217

27.

3. 1922.

3. Svale

121,210 1,354

1

4. Borneo

153,537 1,297

29.

5. Pong Tong

152,091 1,001

18. 5. 1932.

21. 4. 1931.

3. 1924.

7. 10. 1922.

Schooner.

Nil. Clinker.

Schooner. Clinker.

Clencher. Sunderland

Hong Kong

.....1902

...1931

Sold to Foreigners (Chinese subjects).

""

">



6. Shuntien

154,092

1,570

9. 5. 1934.

""

7.

Yuen Wo

154,008

4

24. 6. 1927.

None.

Carvel.

}}

8. Taikoo Law

127,012

20

28. 12. 1909.

Nil.

35

"}

9. Luen Ho

127,229

1,735

30. 4. 1913,

None.

Clinker.

Dunkerque

.1902 Sold to Foreigner (Chinese subject).

Dumbarton

Germany

Bremerhaven ...1903

Hong Kong

Sold to Foreigners (Chinese subjects). ......1934 Registry transferred to London. ,1920| Sold to Foreigner (Chinese subject). 1909 Sold to Foreigners (Chinese subjects).

.1905

Sold to Foreigners (American subjects). .1905 | Abandoned as a Total Loss.

do.

10. Nora I

151,422

7

20. 4. 1921.

Nil,

Carvel.

Hong Kong

.1921

Sold and Registry not required.

11. Cranley

154,073

16

26. 11. 1932.

Clinker.

.1931

Sold to Foreigners (Chinese subjects).

}}

""

12. Chang Wo..

72,824

696

13. 11. 1924.

None.

Shanghai

.1891

do.

,



13. Wing On

133,251

750

8.

5. 1914.

Nil.

"

Hong Kong

1914

do.

D 29 -

D 30

Table XXII.

Passenger Trade for the Port for the year 1934:—

Passengers.

Emigrants.

Class of Vessels.

No. of Ships.

Arrived. Departed. Returned. Departed.

British Ocean-going,

Foreign Ocean-going,

British River Steamers,

4,824 257,755 249,466 42,699 64,060

6,253 255,938 242,992 70,995

7,669 1,231,786 1,241,167

67,921

Foreign River Steamers,

1.759 74,175 76,746

Total,

20,505 1,819,654 1,810,371 113,694 131,981

Steam-launches, Foreign Trade,|

Junks, Foreign Trade,....

6,517

16,991

4,191 4,277

58,216 63,626

Total, Foreign Trade,

44,043 1,882,061 | 1,878,274

131,694 131,984

Steam-launches, Local Trade,

Junks, Local Trade,..

21,360

28,351

265,041 262,532

6,181

7,015

Total, Local Trade,

49,711 271,222 269,517

Grand Total,

93,754 2,153,283 2,147,821 113,694 131,984

Table XXIII.

Summary of Chinese Emigrants from Hong Kong to Ports other than in China, during the year 1934.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

D 31

GRAND TOTAL.

Adults

PORTS.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults

Children.

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

I.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

Australia,....

634

6

13

3 656

634

6

13

3

656

Afric1,

399

35

13

448

399

35

13

I

448

British Borneo,......

3,112

656

223

115 4,106

11

11 3,123

656

223

115

4,117

Dutch Borneo,

4

4

Calcutta,

532

114

56

13

715

532

114

56

13

715

Canada,

3,831

113

100

29

4 073

104

7

15

2

Cuba (Havana),

12

128 3,935

12

120 115

31

4,201

12

12

Dutch Indies,

530

114

25

11

680 13,791 2.958

1,283

473 18,505 14,321 | 3,072 | 1.308

484 19,185

Fiji,

56

3

64

56

3

4

64

Honolulu,

50

31

95

346 144

85

52 627

396

175

92

59

722

Jeddah,

117

18

137

117

18

2

137

Mexico,

18

2

20

18

::

20

Mauritius,

468

78

45

596

468

78

45

ات

596

Madagascus

Island,

17

17

17

17

New Zealand (Dunedin),

24

24

21

24

Nauru Island,

121

121

121

121

Ocean Island,

56

56

55

1

56

Panama (Balboa),

224

13

Rangoon,

2,216

506

215

67, 3,004

712

123

57

ཐཆ

1

244

224

13

6

244

26

918

2,928

629

272

93

3,922

Raboul (New Guinea),

51

2

53

51

2

53

:.

:

Samoa Island,

281

281

281

281

Sumatra (Belawan Deli), Straits Settlements,.. Tahiti,

59

2

2

69

972

225 101

55 1,353 1,031 231

103

57

1,422

25,928 16,554 4,075 2,231 48.788 22,138 14,906 3,662

20

5

25

...

United States of America,

47

4

238

Total 1934,

28,548 18,240 | 4,786

Total 1933,

|15,230 | 5,683| 1,521

52 3,094 187 2,486 64,060 41,426 18,563 5,449 | 2,486 67,924 79,974 36,803 10,235 893 23,327 24,596 | 5,797 | 2,571

1,826 42,532 48,066 31,460 | 7,737 20 51 3,570 3,141 187 242

4,057

91,320

25

52

3,622

Total Passengers by Foreign Ships, Total Passengers by British Ships,..

4,972 | 131,984 1,224 | 34.188 39,826 11,480 | 4,092| 2,117 57,515

Excess of Passengers by Foreign Ships,

41,426 18,563 | 5,449 2,486 38,548 18,240 4,786 2,486

67,924

64,060

2,878 323 663

3,864

Table XXIV.

Statement of Average Number of Emigrants from Hong Kong to Ports other thau in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1895 to 1930 inclusive,

1895. 1900. 1905. 60,360 66,961 73,105

1910.

88,452 109,110

1915.

1920.

84,602

1925.

129,004

1930.

235,141

Table XXV.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants from Hong Kong to Ports other than in China, for Ten Years, from 1925 to 1934 inclusive.

i

D 32

Whither bound.

1925.

1926. 1927. 1928. 1929.

1930. 1931. 1932. 1933. 1934.

Straits Settlements, Males. Straits Settlements, Females,

78,505

127,863 |158,788 |129,089 |113,036

19,047

Total,

88,498 35,606 29,422 43,620 40.652 33,480 32,887 14,895 97,552 157,285 |202,408 | 169,741 | 146,516 |121,385

13,618 14,767 55,303 7,169

8,769 35,517

50,501

20,787

23,536 | 91,320

Other Ports, Males, Other Ports, Females,

40,198 54.500 75.003 77,815 73,426 58,879 44,504 2,784 4,736 8,182 9,606 7,581 8.636 5,861

30,149

4,703

29,151 34,406

4,828

6.258

Total,

42,982

59,242

83,185

Grand Total.

87,421 81,007 67,515

257,162 140,534 216,527 285,593 | 257,162,227,523 |188,900 |100,869

50,368

34.852

33,979

40,664

55,639

57,515 | 131,984

Table XXVI.

Summary of Chinese Emigrants Returned to Hong Kong from Ports other than in China, during the year 1934.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

GRAND TOTAL.

PORTS.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

F.

M. F

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

D 33 -

Australia

1,021

29

49

28

1,127

1,165

159

104

60

1 488

2.186

168

153

$8

2,615

Bangkok,

1.290

358 182

122

1,952

3,685

1,055

618

387

5.745

4,975

1,413

800

509

7,697

British Borneo,...

624

287 178 107

1.196

78

21

11

115

702

308

189

112

1.311

Dutch Borneo,

140

15

8

165

140

15

165

Continent of Europe,

225

46

25

12

308

628

135

65

870

853

181

90

51

1,178

Canada,

4,628

429 297 143

5,497

1,013

106

72

36

1,227

5,641

585

369

179

6,724

Calcutta,

1,598

527 291

220

2,636

1,598

527 291

220

2,636

Dutch Indies,

15,281 |

2,563

2,003 | 1 894

21,741

15,281

2,5632,003

1,894

21,741

Honolulu,

1,313

143

95

38

1,589

1,313

143

95

38

1,589

Mauritius,

Rangoon,

70

3

80

70

5

3

2

80

1,092

253

193

101

1.639

636

159 142 80

1,017

1.728

412

335

181

2,656

Samoa Island,

411

411

411

4'1

South Africa,

162

20

10

5

197

162

20

10

5

197

South America,

30

4

3

2

39

30

4

3

2

39

Straits Settlements,

17.673

5,015 2,842 | 1,986

27,548

17,154

4,663 |3,210 | 1983

27,010

34,829

9,7086.0523,969 54,558

Sumatra (Belawan Deli),

3,075

765 544 339

4,723

3,075

765 514 339

United States of America,

59

4

4

2

69

1,137

430 289 149

5,305

4,496

4.723 431 293 151 5,374

Total 1934,

28,885

7,007 4,077 |2,730 42.699

48,605

10,214 7,161 5.015

70,995

77,490

17,221 (11,2387,745 | 113,694

Total 1933,

38,851

9,92516,350 | 4,659 59,788

55,586

11,313 | 8,731 |5,715

81,345

94,440

21,238 15,081 [10,374 | 141,133

Total Number of Passengers by Foreign ships.

48,605 10,214 7,161 5,015 70,995

British

28.885

"1

7,0074,077 2,730 42,699

Excess of Passengers by Foreign ships

19,720

3,207,3.084 2,285 28,296

Table XXVII.

Statement of Average Number of Emigrants Returned to Hong Kong from Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1895 to 1930 inclusive.

1895.

104,118

1915.

1920.

100,641

1925.

129,106

1930.

181,227

1900. 1905. 1910. 109,534 137,814 146,585 151,728

Table XXVIII.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants Returned to Hong Kong from Ports other than in China, for Ten Years, from 1925 to 1934 inclusive.

D 34

Where from.

1925.

1926. 1927. 1928.

1929. ! 1930. 1931.

1932. 1933. 1934.

Straits Settlements, Males, Straits Settlements, Females,

52.220

72.194113.507 100,116 97,960 | 120,964 | 134,147 8,671 14,761 23,189 20,577 23,117 28.960 35,572

98,606

30,011

51,303

40,881

18,107 13,677

Total,...

60.891

86,955 | 136,696 |120,693 |121.077 | 149,921 | 169,719 128,617

69,410 54,558

Other Ports, Males,.

Other Ports, Females,

27,888 36.886 38.360 58.515 55,412 62,803 91,331 85,690 58,218 47,847 2,843 4,820 6,044 8.639 8,901 10.409 19,810 18,089 13,505 11,289

Total.

30,731 41,706 41,404 67,151

Grand Total.

64,313 73.212 114,171 | 103,779

71,723 59,136 91,622 128,661 181,100 | 187,847185,390 223,136 | 283,890 | 232,396 | 141,133 113,694

Class.

D 35.

Table XXIX

Bunker Coal and Oil shipped during 1934.

EXPORTS.

1933.

1934.

No.

Coal Tons. Tons.

Oil

Coal

Oil

No.

Tons.

Tons.

Steamers,

River Steamers,

4,998

5,734 426,683

98,961

46,995

5,547

367,695

28,159

1,414 4,707

100,385

460

Total,

10,732

525,644

48,109 10,251

168.060

28.619

D 36

Table XXX.

Comparative Return of Work performed by the Government Marine Surveyor's Department for 3 years ending 31.12.34.

YEAR.

ITEM.

Surveys for Passenger and Safety Certi-

1932. 1933. 1934.

ficate including Řadio

Surveys for Passenger Certificate..

129

122

103

22

20

Surveys for Loadline Certificate

56

47

41

Surveys for Bottom Certificate

8

18

9

Surveys for Emigration Licence

89

82

83

Measurement of Tonnage for British

Registry

9

32

16

Measurement of Tonnage not for British

Registry

15

со

Measurement of Tonnage for Suez Canal.

O LO

9

5

Measurement of Tonnage for Panama

Canal

1

Inspection and Certification of Light

and Sound Signals

18

11

15

Inspection and Certification of Life Sav-

ing Appliances

11

Machinery and Boiler Plans

64

62

49

Surveys of Boilers during Construction.

10

7

3

Surveys of Government Land Boilers ...

27

47

38

Surveys of Launches for plying Licences. Surveys of Government Launches and

732

689

682

Harbour Buoys, etc.

1,091

1,200

1,260

Ships' Plans Examined

153

65

212

Inclining Experiments

17

17

7

New Lifeboats Surveyed during con-

struction......

15

23

15

New Buoyant Apparatus Surveyed dur-

ing construction

82

135

105

Lifejackets Inspected and Stamped Engineers Examined B.O.T. Certificates. Engineers Examined Local Certificates.

17,275

14,465

19,179

79

75

68

148

· 149

120

Surveys for Safety Radio Telegraphy

Certificates

13

20

Estimated Total Number of Visits in

connection with Surveys

6,355

5,729

4,979

D 37

Table XXXI.

Government Gunpowder Depôt.

During the year 1934 there has been stored in Government Gunpowder Depôt, Green Island :—

No.

Approx-

of

imate

Cases.

Weight.

Ib.

Cartridges, privately owned,......

Gunpowder, privately owned,

Do., Government owned,..

Do., Government owned,

654

23,319

19

675

2,835

178,655

205

12,915

Explosive Compounds, privately owned,

13,299

935,043

Do., Non-explosives, privately owned,..

Government owned,

1,885

100,945

731

198,273

Total,

19,628 1,449,825

During the same period there has been delivered out of

the Depôt :--

No.

Approxi-

of

mate

Cases.

Weight.

Ib.

For Sale in the Colony

Gunpowder,

29

725

Cartridges,

703

44,992

Explosive Compounds,

1,680

96,196

Non-explosives,

For Export :-

Gunpowder,.

119

2,975

Cartridges,

1,051

127,191

Explosive Compounds,

8,542

649,615

Non-explosives,

274

79,776

Government owned :-

Gunpowder,

Cartridges,

3

Explosive Compounds,

1,054 12

125 49,457

2,646

Total,......

13,497

1,053,598

D 38

Table XXXI,-(Continued).

On the 31st December, 1934, there remained as follows :-

No.

Approxi-

of

mate

Cases.

Weight.

Ib.

Gunpowder, privately owned,

506

12,630

Do., Government owned,

16

400

Cartridges, privately owned,

1,081

108,424

Do., Government owned,

163

21,190

Explosive Compounds, privately owned,

3,077

189,232

Do.,

Government owned,

831

51,904

Non-explosives, privately owned,

457

118,497

Do.,

Government owned,

Total..

6,124

502,277

LIGHTHOUSE OR SIGNAL

STATION

Table XXXII.

Lighthouses and Signal Stations.

TYPHOON

VESSELS

SIGNALLED

MESSAGES MESSAGES SENT

RECEIVED

PERIODS

OF FOG

PERIOD

DIAPHONE

SOUNDED

FOG

SIGNALS

AND

FIRED

NON-LOCAL

SIGNALS

HOISTED

Gap Rock,....

903*

5,061

628

64 hours

20 mins.

Waglan,

Green Island,

3,988†

2,767

665

314 hours

314 hours

55 mins.

55 mins,

1,786

249

67

Kowloon Signal Station,..

3,224

* Including 245 by flash lamp.

† Including 1.156 by flash lamp.

401

6

CO

94

D 39

D 40

Table XXXIII

Comparative Statement of Expenditure 1933 and 1934.

A. Harbour Department.

Sub-head of Expenditure.

Amount 1933 Amount 1934

* Personal Emoluments..

$

C.

C.

529,444.53

504,007.99

Other Charges:-

Chain Cables for Moorings

21,738.25

Coal and Oil Fuel for Launches

...

177,787.53

208,826.60

Coal for Offices

2,917.37

3,715.25

Conveyance Allowances....

5,036.12

5,283.26

Drawing Materials, G.M.S. Office ........

92.14

119.39

Electric Fans and Light....................

1,502.47

1,452.30

Examination Fees

1,180.00

1,130.00

Expenses of numbering Boats

1,427.64

1.238.33

Fees to unofficial members of Marine

Court

40.00

160.00

Incidental Expenses

1,050.80

1,092.18

Moorings for Harbour Craft & Rock

and Fairway Buoys

3,361 63

1,989.00

Raising renewing & repairing moor-

ings of Ocean S. Ships

17,982.00

14,965.00

Rent of Offices

5,730.00

3,342.50

Rent Light & Water Allowances for

Slipway Staff......

3,146.36

3,270.00

Repairs, Minor improvements & Stores

for Launches & Boats

160,425.68

150,123.89

Slipway at Yaumati, Maintenance

1,917.63

1,984.12

Stores & Equipment for Lighthouses.

9,886.77

9,771.09

Sundry Stores

2,894.23

2,286.03

Transport

474.73

494.55

Uniforms...............

5,282.44

6,353.01

Total Personal Emoluments and

Other Charges C. F.....

953,318.32

921,624.49

* Includes Officers of Senior Clerical and Accounting staff and Junior Clerical Services.

D 41

Table XXXIII.-(Continued.)

Sub-head of Expenditure.

Amount 1933 Amount 1934

C.

Brought Forward

953,318.32

SPECIAL EXPENDITURE.

c.

921,624.49

Training Expenses for Asst. G.M.S.

in England

5,667.94

10,513.54

Steel Filing Cabinets for G.M.S.......

585.00

548.00

Five New Launch and Rock Buoys... Two Reversible 'A' Class Buoys Spare parts for Engines of R. D. 2. New Launch to replace H.D. 1.

1,165.00

1,100,00

4,200.00

3,700.00

949.35

934.25

29,325,00

Instruments for G.M.S.....

New engine for Police Launch No. 12 Small Motor Boat

96.47 6,918.00 1,850.00

Drawing Table for G.M.S.

45.00

Two New Fairway Buoys for Central

Fairway

4,667.00

One New Fairway Buoy for Southern

Fairway

2,333.00

One 10 ton Block for Southern

Fairway Buoy

....

Lighting Apparatus for Southern

Fairway Buoy......

New Dynamo to Police Launch No. 8. New Motors to H.D. 5 and H.D. 6.

650.00

2,107.32

New Launch to replace No 11 Police...

6,652.68

1,000.00

14,325.00



Ship particulars supplied by Board

of Trade, London.

331.36

Total Special Expenditure

44,678.65

54,985,26

Total A. Harbour Department

997,996.97

976,609.75

D 42

Table XXXIV.

Comparative Statement of Revenue 1933 and 1934.

Sub-head of Revenue.

Amount 1933.

Amount

· 1934.

C.

C.

1. Motor Spirit Duties,

2. Light Dues, Ordinance 10 of 1899

Buoy Dues, Ordinance 10 of 1899,

3. Licences & Internal Revenue not otherwise

specified :-

Boat Licences, Ordinance 10 of 1899, Chinese Passenger Ship Licences, Or-

dinance 1 of 1889,

Fines,

Forfeitures,

Fishing Stake and Station Licences,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,...

Fishing Stake and Station Licences, from

the New Territories, Ord. 10 of 1899,

117.00

91.30

524,435.40 | 431,537.69

154,950.00 133,920.00

119,369.40 | 117,852.75

1,140.00

1,200,00

10,268.07

9,487.36

720.00

230.00

.41.40

25.30

1,018.10

901.70

Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899, Junk Licences, &c., from the New Ter-

37,556.50

34,703.75

ritories, Ord. 10 of 1899,

11,262.00

13,721.75

Steam-launch Licences, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

16,340.50

15,405.25

4. Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes, and Reimbursements-

in Aid:-

Court Fees,

Engagement and Discharge of Seamen,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,....

3.30

3.00

50,473.86

48,009.89

Examination of Masters, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

2,695.00

2,330.00

Gunpowder, Storage of, Ord. 10 of 1899,

38,050.00

38,078.25

Medical Examination of Emigrants, Ord.

1 of 1889,......

89,531.70

145,208.10

Official Signatures, Ordinance 1 of 1889,

9,670.00

9,450.00

Publications, Sale of, Ord. I of 1889,

510.00

571.10

Registry Fees (Merchant Shipping Act),

Ordinance 10 of 1899,..

1,657.00

1,079.00

Steam-launches, Surveyor's Certificates,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,...

12,390.00

12,325.00

Survey of Steamships, Ordinance 10 of

1899........

69,001,50

81,463.76

Sunday Cargo Working Permits, Ord.

1 of 1891,

104,575.00

109,325.00

Miscellaneous,

160.01

95.67

Widows' & Orphans' Pension Contribu-

tions,

17.16

Carried forward, [1,255,935.74 1,207,032.98

D 43

Table XXXIV,—Continued.

Comparative Statement of Revenue 1933 and 1934.

Sub-head of Revenue.

Brought forward,.....

Amount

Amount

1933.

1934.

$

C.

$ C. |1,255,935.74|1,207,032.98

7. Rent of Government Property

Lands not Leased,.

9. Miscellaneous Receipts

Sale of condemned stores,

Overpayments in Previous Years,

539.38

97.70

2,375.14

30.01

Other Miscellaneous Receipts :-

Pilot Licences Ord. 3 of 1904,

105.00

105.00

Engagement of Masters and Engineers

of Steam Launches....

356.50

273.00

Other Miscellaneous Receipts,

429.77

Total,.....

$1,256,924.711,210,355.51

Table XXXV.

Comparative Statement of Expenditure and Revenue for last

Year.

ten years.

Personal (*)

Emoluments

Special

Total

and Other Charges.

Expenditure. Expenditure.

Total Revenue.

$3

C.

$

C.

1925

451,396.05

1926 571,004.36

381,737.06

$

C.

$

C.

833,133.11

84,766.87 655,771.23

878,118.83 820,888.39

1927 653,618.99 21,641.10

675,260.09

1,000,229.80

1928

696,497.98 99,733.94

796,231.92

973,283.46

1929

744,194.35

68,259.67

812,454.02

1,010,061.97

1930

942,271.67

138,788.97

1,081,060.64 1,020,741.02

1931

1,013,003.51

1932

998,861.44

1933 .953,318.32

1934

921,624.49

54,985.26

976,609.75

38,028.27 1,051,031.78 | 1,433,534.87

106,930.50 1,105,791.94| 1,445,435.64

44.678.65 997,996.97

1,256,924.71

1,210,355.51

(*) Includes Officers of Senior Clerical and Accounting and Junior Clerical Services attached to Department.

1930 & 1931 include figures for Air Services.

D 44

Table XXXVI.

Light Dues were collected during the year 1934 as follows:-

Class of Vessels.

No. of Trips.

Rate

Fees

Tonnage.

per ton. Collected.

*

$ c.

Ocean Vessels,

Steam-launches,

River Steamers,

5,539 14,392,855 21 cts. 387,621.17

2,141

69,497 21

1,865.02

19

4,733 4,118,081

10

41,873.46

Total,.

12,413 18,580,436

* Charged under Notification No. 147 of 1933.

$431,359.65

Table XXXVII.

Licences issued and Revenue collected at Harbour Master's Out-stations.

Station.

Licences Issued.

1933

1934 Revenue Revenue Collected. Collected.

Licences Issued.

Increase.

Decrease.

Shaukiwan,

6,017

Aberdeen,.

7,050

$19,283.50 $17,752.75

20,463.60

*

5,280

17,771.90

6,861

Stanley,

832

1,396,05

1,275.40

743

.....

Yaumati,

5,220

40,904.25

† 37.684.50

4,872

$ 1,530,75 2.691.70 120.65 3,219.75

Cheung Chau,

5,800

16,110.85

18,312.00

5,850

$ 2 201.15

Tai 0,

1,699

3,992.35

4,645.55

2,155

Tai Po,

2,207

6,142.45

6,239.65

2,223

653.20 97.20

Sai Kung,

947

2,359.25

1,698.00

677

Longket,

918

2,472.15

2,376.75

933

661.25 95 40

Deep Bay, Lantao,

1,166

3,537.70

5,081.80 1,728

1,547.10

511

1,609.60

1,173.95

451

435.65

32,397 | $ 118,271.75 | $ 114,015,25 31.773 $ 4.498.65

$ 8,755.15

Nett Decrease,

$ 4,256.50

* Excluding Dispensary Fees $1,615.30

t.

24

*

3,633.80

Appendix E.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1934.

I. LIQUOR.

1. The net revenue collected showed a decrease, as compared with 1933, of $211,332.99, due chiefly to decreased consumption and the higher rate of exchange, which of course, as regards imported liquor, entailed a lower factor. There was a slight increase in the consumption of local beer, which, how- ever, did not compensate for a large decrease in the imported article. Similarly though Empire brandy showed an increase, other brandy showed a more than corresponding falling off. The gallonage of whisky, gin, and sherry was more than main- tained, but the factor was lower and sherry alone showed an increase of duty collected. There was a decreased consumption of native spirit, both locally distilled and imported. There was little decrease in the consumption of spirits of wine and spirituous liquor.

An

2. Illicit distilleries continued to give trouble, and activity in the neighbourhood of Tai Pak, on Lan Tau Island, was unabated, despite frequent visits by parties which on every occasion dismantled all the plant that could be found. elaborate illicit distillery was discovered near Tai Wan Tau, Clear Water Bay, including a cemented catchwater, a pipe-line, two matsheds and a tin-roofed shed, a brick furnace, and a remarkably large metal still. 250 gallons of spirit were found there, and an even larger number of jars of fermenting rice. The place had apparently been occupied for a considerable time, and turned out to be an encroachment on Crown Land. Illicit distilleries were also discovered by the Police in the New Territories, and by the Revenue Officer now stationed at Fan Ling; and a number of successful raids in this connection were also made on houses in Kowloon.

II. TOBACCO.

3. In

In spite of a decreased consumption of cigars and cigarettes the net revenue from Tobacco showed a pleasing in- crease over the revenue for the preceding year, due chiefly to an increase in the amount of clean and of raw tobacco leaf im- ported.

4. Smuggling of Chinese smoking tobacco continued pre- valent, over 13,000 pounds being seized in the course of the year. The crews of river steamers continued to be noticeable offenders in this respect.

E 2

III.-MOTOR SPIRIT.

5. The duty collected on Motor Spirit showed an increase, due to increased consumption.

IV.-OPIUM.

6. Sales of Government opium again constituted a new low record, being not much more than half of the sales in 1933. This is probably explained by the continued unpopularity of the Government opium manufactured in the Singapore factory, the general financial stringency, and the continued extremely low prices of illicit opium of Chinese origin; for unfortunately no diminution in the number of opium-smokers was observed. The net revenue from opium, as shown in Table II, has now fallen to six hundred thousand dollars, but if the full cost of all the services rendered by Government in this connection is reckoned, it is apparent that the total cost is more than the revenue derived from this source.

Chinese Raw Opium.

7. In 1933 seizures of Chinese raw opium amounted to nearly 53,000 taels in over five hundred and seventy seizures. In the year under review nearly 83,000 taels, i.e., about 6,900 pounds, or three tons, were seized in nearly six hundred and twenty seizures. Of this quantity twenty major seizures accounted for nearly 63,000 taels, leaving an average of 33 taels per seizure in the minor cases, a quantity which, as pointed out in last year's report, is easily hidden on a smuggler's person or in his luggage, and arrests were made on the waterfront every day in this connection.

8. The largest seizure was one of 21,000 taels, contained in forty-eight kerosene tins found in a specially constructed secret compartment running the full length of a large fishing junk boarded when she was at anchor at Tsuen Wan. The compartment was big enough to hold a hundred tins, and it is believed that the junk had on a former occasion successfully run in a cargo of seventy-eight tins. The opium was said to have been loaded at a small port on the West River below Do Shing, and was probably of Yunnan origin. Two subordinates found on board were arrested, charged, and sentenced to a fine of $5,000 or a year's imprisonment each. Another large seizure, 17,400 taels, was made in the City of Victoria. The opium was concealed in cow hides, and had travelled thus from Yunnan via Haiphong. A Chinese male found in possession of the keys to the premises concerned was arrested and sentenced to a fine of $5,000 or a year's imprisonment. Two large lots were found dumped on the sea bed in the harbour, a common practice. One consignment, nearly 2,000 taels, was found concealed in the centres of pine logs brought down from Kwangsi. The logs had been hollowed out skilfully, and the opium most cunningly concealed, 200 taels at a time, in large tin canisters. The logs

E 3

had to be sawn open to extract the tins. In another case close on 2,000 taels were discovered hidden in large hollowed logs which had been burnt on the outside to resemble charcoal, in a consignment of which they were included.

g.

The retail price of Chinese raw opium appears to have been a little lower than in 1933, averaging about $1.90 a tael. The supply was, if anything, even more plentiful than in 1933, and reports on production in Yunnan and movement down through Kwangsi and other parts showed that there was every reason to expect such a condition of the market. The South China Morning Post" of the 11th of December, 1934, reported the arrival at Poseh in Western Kwangsi of sixteen hundred cases of raw Yunnan Opium, containing about 1,800,000 taels.

Persian Raw Opium.

10. There were five major seizures of Persian raw opium, none of which was made on the importing vessel. All these consignments were, as far as could be ascertained, destined for places overseas: Singapore, the Dutch East Indies, and China coastal ports. The largest seizure was one of 1,440 taels, found, together with other unmanifested cargo, concealed in a water tank deep in the engine-room of the s.s.

Hai Ning."

Prepared Opium.

seizures of prepared In 1934 a little over

11. In 1933 over eighteen hundred opium yielded a little under 19,500 taels. half that number of seizurss yielded over 22,500 taels, i.e., a quantity approaching two thousand pounds. This quantity in- cluded seven major seizures involving 16,620 taels. Thus minor seizures accounted for 6,103 taels, an average of 6.4 taels_per minor seizure. Of the major seizures five were of the Red Lion brand, of which the largest was a consignment of 4,500. taels found in the s.s. "Hero", bound for Singapore vid Hongay. The opium was found covered with coal in the bunkers, next to the bulk-heads. Of the other two major seizures, one was of 5,230 taels of Kwang Chow Wan opium, recovered from the harbour bed, and the other of 3,390 taels of Macao opium, destined for export to Australia. Most of the opium shown in Table XIV as being of doubtful origin was found in divans and had been prepared on the premises or else- where in the Colony from Chinese raw opium.

*

66

71

12. The average price of illicit prepared opium in Hong Kong during the year was H.K.$3.50.

Opium Divans.

13. As will have been inferred from preceding paragraphs, there was no slackening of the trade in illicit opium. A mush- room growth of divans continued to flourish in the crowded quarters of Victoria and Kowloon, and raids made daily never

E 4

failed to discover them in action, though, as usual, only small stocks for immediate needs were kept on the premises. One

of the rare exceptions to this rule was revealed in a night raid on a house on Cheung Chau Island, where a considerable quantity of raw and prepared opium, together with utensils for the preparation of opium, were discovered on premises on which a divan was being conducted on a generous scale: forty-one persons, thirty-three pipes, seventeen lamps. This is the largest divan yet discovered. Appendix I contains a translation of three illuminating notices found in a divan. This divan was employ- ing waitresses-a comparatively new departure.

Opium Shops.

14. The sale of Government opium continued to be restricted to the Head Office, six Government Shops, and twenty-four salaried retailers in outlying districts. The propor- tion sold by these last was as usual very small.

V.-HEROIN.

15. In 1931 only five thousand odd heroin pills were seized. In 1932 that item was eleven times as great, and it was stated that "The practice of smoking Heroin Pills seems to be on the increase;

In the report for 1933 a special section had to be devoted to this item, and it was reported that over 440,000 pills had been seized in fifty-six seizures. In the year under review over 417,000 pills were seized in one hundred and fifteen seizures. The largest of these, covering 112,500 pills, was made by the Police in an empty house in Wanchai, without arrest. The total morphine content of all the pills seized during the year was under one kilogramme.

16. A seizure of 4,500 ounces of heroin hydrochloride was made on board the s.s. Tai Yuan", Canton to Shanghai, viâ Hong Kong. It was found in three out of a consignment of sixty-four cases of tinned fruit, bamboo shoots, and water chest- nut powder, which was on its way to Shanghai. It is improb- able, however, that the drug was of Chinese origin.

Heroin Pill Divans.

17. Last year's report stated that no certain opinion could yet be given as to whether divan patrons tended to smoke heroin and opium indiscriminately. It now appears fairly certain that indiscriminate smoking is not the rule. The opium divans, which are still easily in the majority, do not cater for heroin, but some heroin divans keep an opium pipe or two handy in case the client should want to smoke opium. Heroin divans are more exclusive than opium divans: their patrons are not so poor as are the coolies who constitute the regular clientele of the average opium divan, and women, who are rarely found among the clients of an opium divan, are occasionally discovered smoking heroin pills. Heroin divans, too, are better furnished, European

E 5-

style beds being in general use among them, though spring mattresses rarely occur, the usual Chinese type boards pre- vailing. It costs a little more to smoke heroin, at least ten cents for four superior or seven inferior pills, whereas the ordinary coolie spends only five cents on his smoke of inferior opium. Discriminating people prefer heroin because it does not cause constipation or make the breath foul, as opium of in- different quality does, and because it is cleaner to handle.

""

18. The manufacturer, in Shanghai, of the well-known "Tiger

brand of pills was reported to have died during the year. Plenty of Tiger labels still occurred, however, though the pills they covered probably originated in South China.

VI. OTHER DANGEROUS DRUGS.

19. There was one seizure of crude morphia and three of morphine pills. The former was particularly interesting, as the drug concerned was almost certainly of Chinese origin, manu- factured in China from Chinese opium. It was found in false sides and bottoms of three leather suitcases, and in large, flat, silky paper packets sewn into Chinese padded quilts and pillows, luggage which was being taken off a Wuchow boat by a couple of Chinese men. The morphia was found on analysis to be very impure. The Police found dumped in the street in Wanchai one lot of 88,000 pills, covered by the common Tiger brand label, which turned out to be not heroin but morphine pills.

20. In this connection it may be mentioned that the League of Nations has issued warnings to the effect that inter- national manufacturers of illicit drugs, finding Europe and Turkey now too hot for them, are attempting to set up factories in China and Manchuria. A report in the Hsin Shang Pao

of Yunnanfu, dated 26th May, 1934, to the effect that valuable imported machinery for the manufacture of morphia had been discovered in Yunnan as the result of a seizure by the Customs of morphia intended for export, tends to confirm this suspicion.

VII. REVENUE STATION AT FAN LING.

21. For the first time, a party from this department was stationed in the New Territories throughout the year. The party consisted of one European Revenue Officer, eleven Chinese Revenue Officers, and, latterly, one Chinese Female Searcher. The visible results of its work appear in Tables XIA and XIIa, which, however, do not represent the sum of its value, which is largely preventive. Night visits to licensed and illicit dis- tilleries are now facilitated. The Police are reinforced in their work of patrolling the frontier, and the new sprinkling of revenue specialists of course gives point to that work, as far as this Department is concerned. The control of licensed tobacconists and of Chinese spirit shops is tightened. The searching of trains has had a salutary effect, and little contraband is now found on them. The New Territories Police no longer have to send in to Hong Kong for analysis all samples of tobacco and spirit seized.

E 6

22. It is realised, however, that much remains to be done, and that vigilance cannot be relaxed: the land frontier is exten- sive, and the irregular coast-line, which is of course extremely long, is the smuggler's joy.

23. At first the local population, especially at some of the villages near the frontier, were undisguisedly hostile, but they appear now to be reconciled to our advent, which, however, they do not pretend to welcome.

24. The European Revenue Officer in charge and the Chinese Revenue Officers suffered occasionally from malaria.

VIII.-LEGISLATION.

25. As foreshadowed in the Report for 1933, an Opiurn, Amendment Ordinance was passed substituting a new section for the existing section of the ordinance relating to divans. It will be remembered that the amendment was necessitated by the Full Court's decision in a test case that the tenant of a floor of a Chinese tenement house who had sublet a portion of that floor was not an occupier of the portion so sublet within the meaning of the amended ordinance. As the section relating to divans now stands, a lessor or landlord who knowingly lets premises for use as an opium divan, or, having let them, con- sents to their use as such, is liable to prosecution.

26. The Merchandise Marks Ordinance was twice amended in the course of the year. Following the Merchandise Marks Act, 1891, powers are now given to the Crown or to the Superintendent of Imports and Exports to prosecute for offences which appear to the Attorney General or the Superintendent of Imports and Exports, as the case may be, to affect the general interests of the Colony, or of a section of the community, or of a trade. Four such prosecutions were successfully in- stituted. The second amending ordinance incorporates into the principal ordinance the provisions of the Merchandise Marks Act, 1911, and gives additional powers to the Superintendent of Imports and Exports, if he is satisfied that imported goods, which bear a mark purporting to be that of a manufacturer in the United Kingdom, have been fraudulently marked, to require full information of the importer. If the information required is not forthcoming within 14 days, the importer renders himself liable to a fine of a thousand dollars. Furthermore, the Superintendent of Imports and Exports is empowered to com- municate any information which he acquires to any person whose name or trade mark is alleged to have been fraudulently used or infringed in connection with such goods.

IX. TRADE STATISTICS.

27. As the result of a still further decline in the visible trade of the Colony there was a slight decrease in the number of documents dealt with by the Statistical Office, 579,787 de-

E 7

clarations being received in 1394 as compared with 586,046 in 1933, and 40,175 manifests as compared with 47,016. The number of Junk manifests received totalled 16,469 in 1934 as compared with 21,937 in 1933.

28. On account of the dilatoriness of several business firms in the Colony it was found necessary, after repeated warnings, to take steps to enforce compliance with the provisions of the Registration of Imports and Exports Ordinance, 1922, and some 120 firms were fined by the First Police Magistrate for failing to declare their imports or exports within the required period. Following the prosecutions there was a noticeable improvement, which was sustained until the end of the year.

29. As in 1933 the trade figures were vitiated to some extent by concealed imports of Gold which were apparently smuggled out of China into Hong Kong for ultimate export abroad. Such imports could not be traced for inclusion in the trade returns, but it can be reasonably presumed that they formed the bulk of the export excess of $56.2 millions in 1934. The excess export of Gold in 1933 amounted to $82.9 millions.

30. In order to estimate with greater accuracy the actual volume of the trade of the Colony than is possible by a state- ment of values only, an index figure was constructed, taking the year 1931 as a base. Two hundred and two articles were selected, including the commonest which could be enumerated by quantity.

The comparison is given below:--

1931 Base year equals 100 compared with 100 by value.

1932

92.3

84.6

19

"J

1933

89.1

67.9

J

**

1934

74.8

56.4

26th April, 1935.

E. W. HAMILTON,

Superintendent of Imports and Exports.

E 8

Table I.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE FOR LAST THREE YEARS.

1932

1933

1934

$

Personal Emoluments (1)

..301,251.60

311,632.97

283,706.20

Other Charges :-

Advertisements

63.50

Binding Permits

120.00

120.00

120.00

Candles & Batteries

288.46

289,63

278.23

Cleansing Materials & Washing

357.77

238.50

359.49

Conveyance & Motor Allowances... 3,977.44

3,722.83

4,018.84

Elec. Light Fans & Heating

49.70

67.28

371.94

Incidental Expenses

502.88

507.66

302.91

Laboratory Stores

686.64

793.17

799.58

Liquor Labels, Printing

1,999.75

1,915.00

1,995.50

Office Cleaning Materials

280.46

224.21

254.93

Overtime Allowance for Clerical

Staff

324.75

270.00

205.50

Rent of Staff Quarters in N.T.

270.00

1,680.00

Revenue Reward Fund

5,000.00

Stationery, &c.

254.85

143.03

189.13

Transport

1,442.28

1,042.46

1,386.05

Uniforms for R. Os. & Messengers

7,331.58

5,175.15

4,341.71

Opium-Elec. Fans Light (2)....

374.98

140.94

110.64

Fuel (3)

6,167.27

46.27

Incidental Expenses (4)

57.40

81.05

8.63

Miscellaneous Stores (5)

489.71

388.89

12.40

Packing Expenses (6).... 10,621.04

8,029.15

1,892.62

Purchase of Raw Opium,

&c. (7)

.462,060.50

362,422.23

38,115.00

Rent of Quarters for

Staff (8)

1,200.00

200.00

Repairs and Renewals (9)

4.30

Transport (10)

772.00

374.93

156.55

Expenses of 6 Govt.

Opium Shops

11,860.75

12,701.34

12,361.38

Gratuities to Opium

Factory Staff

3,885.22

(1) Includes Officers of Cadet, S.C. & A. Staff and Junior Clerical Services. (2) to (6) & (8) to (10) Decrease due to the closing down of the Government Opium Factory early in 1933 & transfer of stocks of Opium, etc., to Singapore.

(7) The Singapore Monopoly now pays for all Raw Opium purchased under agreement from the Indian Government. The expenses shown under this head in 1934 were for rewards in major opium seizures.

Statistical Branch :-

E 9

Book Binding

134.75

134.75

140.35

Cleaning Materials

57.70

98.46

63.14

Elec. Light & Heating

390.72

346.36

301.36

Forms & Registers

12.00

288.00

500.00

Incidental Expenses

123.40

190.66

248.40

Miscellaneous Stationery

16.30

37.80

43.70

Printing of Reports

8,250.00

7,316.00

7,015.00

Uniforms for Coolies & Messengers

5.00

131.00

109.88

Total Other Charges

.525,214.38

411,655.47 77,382.87

Special Expenditure :—

Purchase of Motor Car

3,281.38

Thompson Gun

551.18

Refrigerator

562.50

Patrol Waggon

2,453.38

Total Special Expenditure...... 3,281.38

551.18

3,015.88

Total

.$829,747.36 $723,839.62 $364,104.95

Duties:-

Table II.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE FOR LAST THREE YEARS.

1932

1933

1934.

Gross

Net

Gross,

Net

Gross

Net

$

$

$

Liquor Duties

Motor Spirit Duties

2,588,751.68 668,180.56

2,461,497.68

2,358,304,03

2,259,344.20

2,137,041.63

2,048,011.21

660,216.89

662,576.67

Tobacco Duties

3,899,156.27

3,476,137.45

3,158,286.00

Licences & Internal Revenue:

652,667.06 2,921,456.05

705,549.69 3,205,522.40

705,544.19

2,953,833.88

Liquor Licences

222,037.50

222,037.50

196,450.00

Motor Spirit Licences

196,450.00

191,522.44

191,522.44

3,050.00

3,050.00

3,520.00

Miscellaneous Receipts:-

Opium Monopoly

Tobacco Licences

Fines & Forfeitures:— Forfeitures

Fees of Court or Office:-- Official Signature Fees

Other Miscellaneous Receipts

3,520.00

3,210.00

3,210.00

2,353,481.10

2,314,226.25

1,163,781.70

1,152,851.70

664,018.80

*655,067.94

86,241.33

86,241.33

77,082.33

77,082.33

71,572.50

71,572.50

40.29

40.29

5.57

5.57

2,220.00

2,220.00

6,515.00

6,515.00

11,605.00

11,605.00

5,512.30

5,512.30

3,581.13

3,581.13

3,470.85

3,470.85

Total

9,828,630.74

9,231,139.40

7,630,137.15

7,273,507.76

6,993,518.88

6,643,843.58

*Less expenses shown in Table I--$52,657.22-Net $602,410.72.

E 10.

E 11

Table III.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE

FOR LAST THREE YEARS.

Personal*

Emoluments

Special

Total

Year.

and Other Expenditure. Expenditure.

Total Revenue.

Charges.

$

1932.

1933.

826,465,98 723,288.44

3,281.38

829,747.36

9,231,139.40

1934..

361,089.07+

551.18 3,015.88

723,839.62

7,273,507.76

364,104.95

6,643,843.58§

*Includes Officers of Cadet Service, S.C. & A. Staff, and Junior Clerical

Service attached to department.

+ Decrease due mainly to causes shown in footnotes to Table I.

§ Decrease in Total Revenue collected is due to decreased opium sales and also to decrease of duty collected on Liquor & Tobacco owing to higher exchange.

Table IV.

RETURN OF LIQUOR DUTY COLLECTED DURING THE YEAR 1934.

European Type Liquor.

Class of Liquor.

Gallons.

Amount of Duty collected.

$

Ale, Beer, Cider and Stout........ Beer (Local)

- 273,498

185,157.50

88,257

53,118.14

Rrandy

14,636

99,123.65

"

(Empire)

1,078

3,705.00

Whisky

29,268

197,015.35

Gin and Cocktail

17,653

-119,416.04

Rum

3,169

21,444.95

Champagne and Sparkling Wine

1,983

22,186.65

Claret

2,447

8,106.72

Port Wine

6,192

27,995.61

Sherry, Madeira and Malaga..

4,432

20,076.21

Vermouth

4,130

13.969.94

Liqueur

1,949

21,874.60

Spirits of Wine

21,445

114,454.36

Spirituous Liquor

9,759

23,367.20

Miscellaneous

4,792

16,183.67

Difference on over-proof,

fractions and arrears of duty

5,579.12

Total

484,688

952,774:71

NOTE:-Fractions of a gallon are not shown in this Table.

}

E 12

Table V.

RETURN OF LIQUOR DUTY COLLECTED During THE YEAR 1934.

Chinese and Japanese Liquor.

Liquor Amount of

Amount of

distilled

duty

Imported

Total amount of

locally.

collected.

liquor.

duty collected.

duty

collected.

Gallons.

$

Gallons.

Native

Spirits

not more than

21% of alcohol

by weight

776,462

931,754.40

22,643

30,963.92

962,718.32

Native Spirits

over 24% of

alcohol by

weight

54,920

80,816.13

32,089

Northern spirits

over 24% of alcohol by weight....

Sake

.....

Difference on over-strength,

135,174.76 215,990.89

35,657

:

:

3,824

5,057.71 5,057.71

fractions and

arrears of duty

500.00

500.00

Total

1,184,266.92

Note:-Fractions of a gallon are not shown in this Table.

Table VI.

SUMMARY OF REVENUE COLLECTED FROM LIQUOR DURING

THE YEAR 1934.

$

Duties on European Type Liquor

814,953.15

Duties on Spirituous Liquor

137,821.56

Duties on Chinese and Japanese Liquor

1,184,266.92

Brewery Licence Fees

400.00

Liquor Dealer's Licence Fees

32,000.00

Distillery Licence Fees

950.00

Chinese Spirits Shop Licence Fees

154,072.44

Chinese Liquor Importer's Licence Fees

4,100.00

Total

2,328,564.07

Refund of Liquor Duties

89,030.42

Net Total

2,239,533.65

E 13

Table VII.

RETURN OF DUTY PAID TOBACCO FOR THE YEAR 1934.

Class of Tobacco.

lbs.

Duty.

Cigars

10,961

24,333.42

Cigarettes

379,323

408,417.19

European Tobacco

13,750

14,652.00

Snuff

46

51.06

Chinese Prepared Tobacco

29,771

29,741.23

Clean Tobacco Leaf

*57,150

Raw Tobacco Leaf

3,442,781

53,286.66 2,675,040.84

Total

$3,205,522.40

(1) Duty paid on Tobacco for the year

$3,205,522.40

Miscellaneous fees

445.02

Gross Revenue Less Drawbacks

$3,205,967.42

251,688.52

Net Revenue

$2,954,278.90

(2) Licence fees.

Retailer's

Squatter's

Importer's

Manufacturer's

Licensed Warehouse

$58,384.50

4,688.00

5,300.00

2,400.00

800.00

$71,572.50

NOTE. Fractions of a pound are not shown in this table.

E 14

Table VIII.

MOTOR SPIRIT DUTIES, 1934.

Motor Spirit Duties

$705,544.19

Licensed Warehouse Licence Fees

1,500.00

Importer's Licence (General) Fees

1,100.00

Importer's Licence (Special) Fees

300.00

Retailer's Licence Fees

310.00

MOTOR SPIRIT.

LICENCES ISSUED DURING THE YEAR 1934.

$708,754.19

Licensed Warehouse Licences

6

Importer's Licences (General)

11

Importer's Licences (Special)

3

Retailer's Licences

62

Table IX.

TOTAL AMOUNT OF PREPARED OPIUM SOLD DURING

THE YEAR 1934.

Kamshan Bengal Opium

Singapore Opium

12,219.00 Taels

19,657.08

Total

31,876.08 Taels

E 15

Table X.

STATEMENT OF OPIUM TRANSHIPPED DURING THE YEAR 1934.

Persian Chests. Total Chests.

From Bushire via Bombay

580

580

Total

580

580

To Macao

To Dairen

Total

Persian Chests. Total Chests.

430

430

150

150

580

580

Table XA.

STATEMENT OF OPIUM IN TRANSIT DURING THE YEAR 1934.

Turkish Chests. Persian Chests. Total Chests.

From Amsterdam

150

150

From Hamburg

50

50

From Istanbul via Port

Said

408

408

Total

558

50

608

Turkish Chests. Persian Chests. Total Chests.

To Dairen viâ Kobe...... To Keelung vid Kobe ...

558

558

50

50

Total

558

50

608

E 16

Table XI.

CONTRABAND SEIZED BY REVENUE OFFICERS IN HONG KONG AND

KOWLOON.

(1) Opium.

Seizures.

Prepared

Raw

20,7521 taels.

467

81,701

306

J

Opium dross

283

12

(2) Arms.

Rifle

1

1

Revolvers

8

Ammunition

696

4100

4

5

(3) Tobacco.

Cigars

Cigarettes

1,208 17,972

Chinese Tobacco

Tobacco Leaf

Cigarette Ends

4

12

10,296 lbs.

442

213

19

1

2

""

(4) Liquor.

Spirit of Wine

224 gallons.

2

Chinese Spirit

2,335

135

21

(5) Dangerous Drugs.

Heroin Pills

(6) Lottery Tickets

Illicit Still

Illicit distilling apparatus

Heroin Hydrochloride

4,500 ounces

1

Crude Morphia

44 pounds

.237,096 pills

17

1

77

70

1

221 12

177

10ƒ

False Bank Notes

17 $10

1

False Coin

$176.30

3

Small Craft confiscated

16

15

Motor Boat confiscated

1

1

E 17

Table XIA.

CONTRABAND SEIZED BY REVENUE OFFICERS IN NEW TERRITORY.

(1) Opium.

Prepared

Raw

Opium Dross

(2) Arms.

Rifle

Revolvers

Ammunition

(3) Tobacco.

Seizures.

57.2 taels

11

1,418.4

29

"

4

22

3 3

Cigars

Cigarettes

100

1

Chinese Tobacco

Tobacco Leaf

1,328.63 lbs.

27.00

155

1

17

Cigarette Ends

(4) Liquor.

Spirit of Wine

Chinese Spirit

247.37 gallons

35

(5) Dangerous Drugs.

Heroin Hydrochloride Crude Morphia

Heroin Pills

(6) Miscellaneous.

Lottery Tickets

Illicit Still

Illicit distilling apparatus

False Bank Notes

False Coin

Small Craft confiscated

Motor Boat confiscated

1,494

11

3 11

Table XIB.

CONTRABAND SEIZED BY THE POLICE.

Chinese Tobacco

Cigarettes

Tobacco Leaf

Chinese Spirits

European Wine

Japanese Spirits

1,746.85 pounds 2,261

1.25 pounds 1,854.92 gallons

4.46

ܕܙ

Raw Opium (Chinese and Persian) Prepared Opium (2nd and 3rd grade)

0.75 5,376.60 taels 1,913.30

19

E 18

Table XII.

*PROSECUTIONS BY IMPORTS AND EXPORTS DEPARTMENT IN HONG KONG AND KOWLOON.

Arrests. Convictions. Bail Estreated.

(1) Opium

Possession

Boiling

Importing

Dealing

658

581

33

28

23

1

1

2

1

(2) Arms.

Illegal Possession

4

4.

(3) Tobacco.

Possession Cigars

Possession Cigarettes...

5

11

Co

10

6

Possession Chinese To-

bacco

435

365

Possession Cigarette end

Importing

Unlicensed Selling

224

224

2

2

4

1118

53

(4) Liquor.

Spirit of Wine



1

Chinese Spirit

98

81

00

Destruction of Evidence

3

Illegal distilling

7

(5) Dangerous Drugs.

Heroin

Crude Morphia

Cocaine

Heroin Pills

Tw

1

109

73

1119

26

(6) Miscellaneous..

Lottery Tickets ....

3

1

False Bank Notes

1

1

False Coin

1

1

Unmanifested Cargo

63.

51

Merchandise Marks Or-

dinance

Total

1.445

1,215

126

*Excluding prosecutions, by summons, for failure to declare

imports or exports, as shown in Table XXI.

E 19

Table XIIA.

PROSECUTIONS BY IMPORTS AND EXPORTS DEPARTMENT IN

(1) Opium.

Possession

Boiling

Importing

Dealing

(2) Arms.

Arrests. Convictions. Bail Estreated.

NEW TERRITORY.

Illegal Possession

(3) Tobacco.

Possession Cigars

35

32

Possession Cigarettes....

ཀླ།། །

1

95

35111

1 2 1 2

Possession Chinese To-

bacco

Possession Cigarette end

Importing

Unlicensed Selling

(4) Liquor.

Spirit of Wine

Chinese Spirit

Destruction of Evidence

Illegal distilling

(5) Dangerous Drugs.

Heroin

Crude Morphia

Cocaine

Heroin Pills

(6) Miscellaneous.

|

1

1

93

1

88 | | |

21

1

3

2

Lottery Tickets

3

False Bank Note

False Coin

Unnanifested Cargo

Total

co

3

159

152

3

E 20

Table XIII.

Fines and forfeitures collected by the Courts under Opium, Liquor and Tobacco Ordinances.

Hong Kong Magistracy

$20,324.15

Kowloon Magistracy

District Office, North

District Office, South

9,648.19

1,982.50

571.10

$32,525.94

REWARDS PAID.

For Opium

$57,201.00

For Drugs, Liquor and Tobacco

21,245.49

$78,446.49

Table XIV.

ANNUAL RETURN OF SEIZURES OF OPIUM AND DANGEROUS

DRUGS FOR THE YEAR 1934.

Raw Opium:-

No. of Cases. Quantity in taels.

Chinese

617

82,817

Persian

13

5,679

Total......

630

88,496

Prepared Opium:--

Macao

4

3,430

Red Lion

21

11,674

Wuchow

31

892

Canton

12

141

Kwong Chow Wan

9

4,331

Kong Moon

6

220

Doubtful

883

2,035

Total

966

22,723

Opium Dross

44

821

Opium Water

65

81 gallons

Dangerous Drugs.

Heroin Pills

Crude Morphia (1)

Morphine Pills

115

417,196 pills

1

44 lbs.

89,827 pills

Heroin Hydrochloride (2). 1

4,500 ozs.

(1) Concealed in personal effects of a passenger from Wu-

chow and probably intended for export.

(2) Through cargo, without transhipment, from Canton to Shanghai probably intended for United States of America.

Table XV.

ANNUAL RETURN OF LARGE OPIUM SEIZURES FOR THE YEAR 1934.

Place of Seizure.

Kind of Opium.

Taels.

Destination.



E 21

254, Reclamation Street, 3rd floor

Chinese, Raw

960

Local

China Merchant's Wharf

do.

850

Local

M.V. "Wo Ping Yat

do.

1,520

Local

Cargo Boat No. 3091V

do.

1,800

Local

S.S. Kronviken

Fishing Boat No. 3707W

Sea Bed off Jardine' Wharf

S

Sea Bed off Jardine's Wharf 211, Shanghai Street, 2nd floor Yaumati Market

26, Un Chow Street, ground floor

S.S."Hai Ning

S.S." Sui Tai

66

S.S. Sui Tai

>>

Lee On Wood Lighter

Lee Chit Street

5, Heard Street, ground floor

"

S.S. Toishan

21, Fuk Tsin Street, 2nd floor

S.S.

"Tjisadane

Nam Tau Launch

S.S.

"Yuen Sang

Sea Bed, North Point

Sea Bed near Kowloon Dock Sea Bed near Kowloon Dock

S.S. “ Kwong Si

4

S.S. Hero

""

S.S. ' Hero Western Street

Fishing Junk at Tsun Wan

25, Sugar Street, ground floor 331, Lockhart Road, ground floor

Macao, Prepared Chinese, Raw

Red Lion, Prepared

700

Local

Persian, Raw

720

Local

Chinese, Raw

2,400

Local

do.

690

Local

do.

850

Local

do.

1,900

Local

Persian, Raw

1,440

For export

Red Lion, Prepared

600

For export

Chinese, Raw

960

For export

do.

3,900

Local

Persian, Raw

504

For export

Chinese, Raw

17,400

Local

do.

1,180

Local

Red Lion, Prepared

1,200

For export

Chinese, Raw

550

Persian, Raw

796

Local

Singapore or Java

Chinese, Raw

1,490

Local

do.

900

Local

Red Lion, Prepared

1,000

For export

Chinese, Raw

2,500

For export

Kwong Chow Wan

5,230

For export

Chinese, Raw

830

Red Lion, Prepared

4,500

Persian, Raw

600

Chinese, Raw

640

do.

21,000

3,390

520

Hong Kong

Singapore via Hongay

Singapore via Hongay

Hong Kong

Hong Kong Australia

Hong Kong

22

Table XVI.

IMPORTATION OF DANGEROUS DRUGS DURING THE YEAR 1934.

lbs.

ᏅᏃ .

grs.

Ethyl Morphine Hydrochloride

Preparations containing Ethyl Morphine

Hydrochloride

7

26

Morphine Salts

1

Preparations containing Morphine Salt

4

148

Cocaine Salts

Heroin Hydrochloride

Liquid Extract of Opium

Powdered Opium

Extract of Opium

1

13

60

6

Concentrated Tincture of Opium

65

17

4424

1

Opium Wine

Codeine Salts

Extract of Cannabis Indica

Table XVII.

10

1

LICENCES ISSUED DURING THE YEAR 1934.

Liquor.

Brewery Licence

Dealer's Licence

Licensed Warehouse

1

32

1

Chinese Wine and Spirit Shop (excluding New Territories). 238 Chinese Liquor Importer's Licence

Restricted Grocer's Licence

Distillery Licence:~

(a) Hong Kong and Aplichau

(b) Kowloon, South of Kowloon Hills (c) New Territories, North

(d) New Territories, South

42

41

20

7

17

Tobacco.

Importer's Licence

55

Retailer's Licence:

(a) $30.00

1,209

(b) $20.00

1,005

(c) $5.00

443

(d) Nominal Fee $1.00

14

-2,671

Squatter's Licence $8.00

512

Delivery Coolies Licence $8.00

88

600

Licenced Warehouse

3

Manufacturer's Licence

16

E 23

Table XVIII.

STATISTICAL OFFICE.

COMPARATIVE TABLE OF NUMBERS OF DECLARATIONS RECEIVED AND ITEMS ENTERED THEREFROM IN 1933 AND 1934.

Declarations.

Items.

1933.

1934.

1933.

1934.

January

38,600

43,601

82,263

93,402

February

45,310

33,012

94,677

69,058

March

55,760

46,361

113,153

98,085

April

46,000 46,271

92,776

95,893

May

52,805 48,306

105,269

94,782

June

45,571

47,403

92,036

94,822

July

47,610

49,645

94,610

99,966

August

53,724

54,403

107,724

112,725

September

53,736

50,136

111,751

105,607

October

50,961

54,128

109,065

113,630

November

50,703

53,161 109,453

113,832

December

45,266

53,360

92,521 110,541

Total

586,046 579,787 1,205,298 1,202,343

Average

48,837 48,316 100,442 100,195

Table XIX.

STATISTICAL OFFICE.

NUMBER OF MANIFESTS RECEIVED DURING 1934.

Ocean.

River.

Junk.

Total.

January

965

952

1,488

3,405

February

956

770

1,235

2,961

March

1,037

953

1,793

3,783

April

1,018

829

1,758

3,605

May

1,100

1,007

1,760

3,867

June

1,039

917

1,416

3,372

July

930

1,103

1,051

3,084

August

1,003

1,120

997

3,120

September

993

1,020

1,017

3,030

October

1,004

992

1,214

3,210

November

1,010

910

1,362

3,282

December

1,118

960

1.378

3,456

Total

12,173

11,533

16,469

40,175

Average per month..

1,014

961

1,372

3,348

E 24

Table XX.

STATISTICAL OFFICE.

COMPARATIVE TABLE OF NUMBER OF MANIFESTS RECEIVED

IN 1933 AND 1934.

Inward.

Outward.

1933.

1934.

1933.

1934.

Ocean

6,061

5,972

6,280

6,201

River

6,423

5,950

6,315

5,583

Junk

10,692

8,269

11,245

8,200

Total

23,176

20,191

23,840

19,984

1933.

1934.

Grand total

47,016

40,175

Average per month

3,918

3,348

Table XXI.

STATISTICAL OFFICE.

PROSECUTIONS BY IMPORTS AND EXPORTS DEPARTMENT (STATISTICAL BRANCH).

Cases. Convictions. Fines.

$

Non-declaration of Imports

30

30

710.00

Non-declaration of Exports

92

90

1,659.00

Total

122

120

2,369.00

One case was dismissed and one caution administered.

- E 25

Appendix I.

TRANSLATION OF NOTICES FOUND IN A DIVAN.

A. Even to the best friends no credit is allowed. If credit is asked for after smoking no consideration will be given.

B.-Nowadays business competition is keen and financial difficulties are great. The proprietor, realizing this, has chosen genuine goods of the best quality, and, specially as a sacrifice, is cutting down the price to $1 for 3 mace in order to benefit his customers.

Purchases made for smoking either on or off the premises are much welcomed.

At night sales carry on up to 2 a.m.

Do not miss this opportunity.

C. When our friends favour us with their patronage, pay- ment must be made in cash. No credit is to be given. Will our good friends please excuse this? The place is clean and tidy; the pipes are beautiful and the lamps nice; tea and water are generously supplied; and assistants render good service.

For one mace the charge is 35 cents; the opium is good and worthy to be smoked..

Appendix F.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE ROYAL OBSERVATORY, HONG KONG, FOR THE YEAR 1934.

I.-GROUNDS, BUILDINGS AND INSTRUMENTS.

New quarters for the Director were completed during February. Various alterations to the old quarters were carried out during the execution of the periodical redecoration pro- gramme and the rooms were taken into use as offices during May.

2. The Richard thermograph was replaced by electrical resistance thermometers and a Cambridge thread recorder on June 29th. In its new position, the radio mast offers no shade to the sunshine recorder and one instrument only was in use throughout the year.

II. METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS.

3. Automatic records of the temperature of the air and evaporation were obtained with a Richard dry and wet bulb thermograph until 28th June, and subsequently with the resistance thermometers and thread recorder. Direction and velocity of the wind were recorded with Beckley and Dines- Baxendell anemographs, rainfall by a Nakamura Pluviograph, sunshine by a Campbell-Stokes universal recorder and barometric pressure by a Marvin barograph. Eye observations of barometric pressure, temperature and cloud were made hourly, and of the direction of cloud motion every three hours. Observations of pilot balloons were made with a Watts 1 inch prismatic theodolite at 9h. a.m. and 3h. p.m. when conditions were favourable.

4. The principal features of the weather in 1934 were:---

(a) An abnormally cloudy and humid summer. For five successive months, April to August, there was a deficiency of sunshine, and the total duration of sunshine for the year (1843 hours) fell short of the normal by 124 hours. In each of the months June, July and August the mean relative humidity equalled or exceeded the highest value on record, while the amount of rainfall recorded during these three months was considerably greater than the average,

year.

F 2

(b) The absence of typhoons seriously affecting the Colony. No typhoon passed within 180 miles of Hong Kong during the The maximumn wind velocity recorded was 67 m.p.h.; this velocity was reached on two occasions, the first being on March 21st, when а fresh onset of the NE monsoon was accompanied by a squall of unusual violence; the second was on October 1st, when a typhoon was passing about 250 miles to the south of the Colony on a westerly track.

5. The tracks of 24 typhoons which occurred in the Far East in 1934 are given in a plate which will be included with the Meteorological Results for 1934, now in the press. The following table gives a summary of the meteorological data published monthly in the Government Gazette during the year:

- F 3 -

Temperature.

Humidity.

Wind.

Cloud- Sun-

Rain.

Month.

iness.

shine.

Absolute Mean

Mean

Absolute

Mean.

Rel. Abs.

Direction. Velocity.

Max. Max.

Min.

Min.

do

%

ins.

alo

hrs.

ins.

m.p.h.

January

69.1 61.1

55.9

52.3

42.8

70 0.32

66

144.8

0.470

NE/E

10.6

February

75.9

66.2

59.9

56.0

47.2 73

0.38

50

181.9

1.510 E.N

12.4

March

82.2

68.9

63.5

59.4

49.8 78

0.47

75

119.9

1.745

E/N

8.9

April

84.8

72.8

68.1

64.9

55.0 85

0.59

94

54.2

2.445

E/N

10.9

May

90.1

81.3

76.7

73.8

65.9 81

0.75

81

139.0

8.735

E

13.7

June

90.5

86.0

81.0

77.1

74.0 86

0.90

83

140.1

25.105

SE

9.8

July.

93.1

87.0

82.0

78.7

72.6 86

0.94

8:

183.2 19.425 ESE

11.2

August

91.5

84.9

80.6

76.9

72.8 88

0.92

68

181.9

24.360

E

11.4

September.

92.5

87.0 82.0

77.7

72.1

8:

0.88

57

221.9

10.720

E/N

12.1

October

85.4 79.2

74.5

70.6

62.9 74

0.64

68-

159.1 2.205

ENE

16.2

November...

83.0

75.0

69.7

65.8

37.7 77

0.56

69

142.7 0.410

ENE

10.3

December

79.1

69.2

63.4

59.6

43.2 75

0.45

53

173.9 0.535

ENE

13.0

Mean, Total or

Extreme

93.I

76.5

71.4

67.7

42.8 79

0.65

70

1,842.6 | 97.665

E/N

11.7

— F 4 —

6. In the following table the monthly rainfall at the Observatory is compared with other records in the Colony.

Matilda

Mouth.

Obser- Police

Station Gardens vatory (Kowloon) (Taipo).

Botanical Hospital

(Hong

Kellet,

(Mount Fanling.

Kong).

Hong

Kong).

inches. inches.

inches.

inches.

inches.

January,

0*470

0*48

0'41

0*40

o'98

February,

1510

1.80

1.70

1.40

158

Marcb,..

1*745

3'02

2.II

1.80

2'07

April,

2.445

2'01

3.67

3:01

114

May,

8.735

5'35

6.89

4'93

4.43

June,

25.105

24.60 26.99

20°01

18.16

July,

19*425

1774 16.17

14.27

18:39

August,

24'360 20.86 23.80

19.75

1579

September,.....

10*720

1575 11*43

10.28

12.92

October,

2'205

1.60

3'53

2:80

1'75

November,

0'410

C'FI

0'13

0:08

December,

0'535

1*03 0*56 0'44

103

Year

97.665 94°35 9739 79:17

78.24

III.-PUBLICATIONS.

7. The following publications have been made during

1934:

:--

Magnetic Results, 1933.

Meteorological Results, 1933. Meteorological Records, 1884-1933. The Upper Winds of Hong Kong.

The following are in the press:

Magnetic Results, 1934.

Meteorological Results, 1934.

F 5

A monthly abstract of meteorological observations is published in the Government Gazette and copies are supplied to any firm or individual requiring them, and a monthly seismological bulletin is issued and distributed to other observatories.

8. A weather map of the Far East for 6 a.m. of 120th meridian time is constructed daily and forecasts are issued for the following districts:-

A. Shanghai to Turnabout.

B. Turnabout to Hong Kong.

C. Hong Kong and neighbourhood.

D. Hong Kong to Hainan.

E. Northern China Sea.

The map, weather report and forecast are exhibited at the Hong Kong and Kowloon ferry piers, the Harbour Office, Telegraph offices and the General Post Office. The weather map may be purchased by the public at a subscription rate of $15 per annum. There were 39 subscribers in 1933. A weather map for 2 p.m. is also prepared, but is not published. Morning and afternoon weather reports and forecasts, together with observations made at 10h a.m. and 4h. p.m., are published in the local press.

· IV.—WEATHER TELEGRAMS, FORECASTS AND STORM WARrnings.

9. The Telegraph Companies continue to transmit twice daily, free of charge, meteorological observations from Vladivostock, Japan, Shanghai, Formosa, Indo China and the Philippines. Meteorological broadcasts by radio and the direct. radio services of Sicawei, Indo-China, Formosa, Amoy, Swatow, Sandakan and Pratas Island are extremely valuable. Extra observations at half cable rate are also obtainable from a number of stations by courtesy of the Telegraph Companies.

10. Weather Telegrams from ships by Radio:-The follow- ing table gives the monthly number of ships from which radio meteorological messages have been received and the number of messages received (each arrival and departure is counted separately).

Month.

F 6-

British (including

H.M. Ships).

H.M. Ships

in Port.

Other National- ities.

Total

No. of ships.

No. of

messages.

No. of ships.

No. of

messages.

No. of ships.

No. of

messages.

No. of ships.

No. of

messages.

January,

145

243

I 2

149

57

February,

109

186

6

110

52

288

97

214

489

88 167

384

March,.....

157

274

I I

149

67 117 235

540

April,

107

166

10

123

49 79 166

368

May,

123

210

12

127

561 99

191

436

June,

99

160

เก

5

I 20

67 115 171

395

July,

136 221

9

129 75

131

220

481

August,

119

189

16

207 66 103

201

499

September,

200

354

9

125 115 204

324

683

October,

250

429

16

147 124 241

390

817

November,

227

396

I I 117 95 162 333

675

December,

179

289 12 147 69 115 260

553

1934, ... 1851

3117 129 1652 892 1551 2872 6320

1933, ... 1341

2247 159 1826 688 1193 2188 5266

Totals

1932,... 1534

2692192 2704 831

1405 2557 6801

1931,... 1827 4176 444 10098 829

1432 3100 15706

-F7-

11. Weather forecasts, storm warnings and time signals are distributed by radio telegraphy as detailed in the "Notice to Mariners" issued by this Department. Storm warnings to Hong Kong and vicinity are also given by means of the Local and Non- Local Signal Codes. A telegraphic adaption of the Non-Local Code is used for issuing warnings by cable to places outside the Colony.

12. The following table gives the results of the weather fore- casts for the past 5 years. The methods of analysis are described in the 1918 Report.

Year.

Complete Success.

Partial

Success.

Partial Failure.

Total Failure.

%

%

%

%

1930

65

31

1931

67

1932

71

27

1933

71

1934

73

26

MONOLO

4

30

3

2

26

3

ооооо

13. Local signals, day and night, have been hoisted during the past 5 years according to the following table.

Warning Signal.

Signal

Signals 2-9

Year.

Number of times.

Number of hours displayed.

Number of

times.

1930

5

88

1931

7

1932

ི་

93

1933

5

62

1934

177

Number of hours displayed.

No. 10 Bombs.

Number of times fired.

3 + 10 =

3

37 88

I

104

75

...

30

V. METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS FROM SHIPS,

TREATY PORTS, ETC.

14. In addition to meteorological registers kept at about 40 stations in China, meteorological logs were received from 126 ships operating in the Far East. These logs, representing 6166 days' observations, have been used for amplifying the weather maps and verifying typhoon tracks. The corresponding figures for 1933 were 119 and 5,599,

F 8

VI.-MAGNETIC OBSERVATIONS.

15. The magnetic station at Au Tau has been kept in action throughout the year, and the results of the observations are now in the press.

VII.-TIME SERVICE.

16. Clocks Cottingham and Mercer 507 (Sidereal) and Leroy 1350 were in use throughout the year. The necessary astronomi- cal observations for the determination of the error of the former were obtained each evening (weather permitting) by the local staff. Observations of the radio time signals emitted by Nauen at 8h. a.m. have been made daily whenever possible during the year, and utilised for clock regulations.

17. Time Signals were given throughout the year by radio from 9.55 to 10 a.m. each morning and 8.55 to 9 p.m. each evening. Dots of about 0.1 sec. duration were transmitted at each second except for periods marking the minutes and half minutes. The evening programme was duplicated by 3 white lights (vertical) on the radio mast, the lights being extinguished each second in accordance with the radio programme.

Hourly signals were sent to the General Post Office, Radio Studio, Railway, the associated Telegraph Companies and the Telephone Co.

The errors of the time signals have been published monthly in the Government Gazette.

IX.-MISCELLANEOUS.

18. Seismographs. The seismographs have been kept in good order throughout the year. 353 earthquakes were recorded, com- pared with 356 in 1933: The seismograms have been forwarded to the International Seismological Committee, Oxford.

19. Upper Air Research.

Observations of 400 pilot balloons Details of the flights will be includ-

were made during the year. ed in Meteorological Results for 1934.

20. Lithography. Lithographic work for other departments was undertaken as follows:-

For Dept. Medical and Sanitary Services.

Colonial Secretariat ...

Electrical Dept.......

Harbour Dept.

H.M.S. Eagle

15,500 Charts

1,120 Maps.

120 Forms

100 Forms

500 Maps.

-F9-

21. Visit to Manila. In company with the Rev. Father E. Gherzi, S.J., of the Sicawei observatory, the Director paid a brief visit to Manila in April, and was afforded every facility for in- specting all branches of the work of the Observatory by the Rev. Fr. M. Selga, S.J., the Director. The opportunity was taken to discuss alterations to the Hong Kong local Storm Signal Code and as a consequence a uniform code (containing 4 international symbols) will be adopted in the Philippines and Hong Kong early in 1935. Sicawei observatory has already adopted a more ex- tended code which includes the Philippines-Hong Kong symbols.

22.Expenditure. The annual expenditure on the Observatory for the past 10 years has been as follows: :-

Personal Emoluments

Special

Total

Year.

and other Charges.

Expenditure. Expenditure.

Total Revenue.

$

C.

$ C.

$

C.

1925

41,955.51

41,955.51

79.20

1926

42,566.51

12,341.74

54,908.39

34.20

1927

47,253.17

145.24

47,398.41

30.50

1928

47,292.33

272.70

47,565.03

506.10

1929

48,282.63

48,282.63

530.50

1930

68,696.59

1,670.07

70,366.66

506.80

1931

76,037.81

76,037.81

735.00

1932

69,5 18.23

69,518.23

598.00

1933

63,165,42

63,165.42

600.00

1934

59,327.62

1,259.57

60,587.19

529,00

23. In the following table the expenditure and revenue for

1933 is compared with that for 1934.

F 10

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE, 1933 and 1934.

1933

1934

$ c.

$ €.

Fersonal Emoluments

55,569.77 53,144.17

Other Charges.

Books and Postage

257.72 137.32

Electric Light and Power..

579.95

1,077,63

Gas

98.94

125.45

Incidental Expenses

77.31

39.86

Maintenance of Instruments and Plant

2,892.44

4.

1,749.80

Meteorological Telegrams

733.79

345.83

Printing

2,600.00

2,274.50

Subscription towards cost of printing

International Upper Air Observations.

Transport

154.84 134.74

105.05

157.30

Uniforms

95.61

141.02

Total Other Charges

7,595.65 6,183.45

Special Expenditure.

New Instruments

Total Royal Observatory

4313

1,259.57

63,165.42 60,587.19

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE, 1933 and 1934.

1933

1934

Fees of Court or Office, Sale of Fublications

$ c. 600.30

$c.

529.00

24. Acknowledgements. Acknowledgements are here made to the Directors of the Weather Services of the Far East, the the Chinese Maritime Customs, and the Commanders of all ships for the observations forwarded during the year, to the Telegraph Companies for continuing to forward observations free or at reduced rates, to all institutions and individuals who have con- tributed to the Library, and to the Observatory staff for the efficient performance of their duties.

C. W. JEFFRIES,

15th January, 1935.

Director.

:

Appendix G.

REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR OF THE SUPREME COURT, OFFICIAL TRUSTEE, OFFICIAL ADMINISTRATOR AND REGISTRAR OF COMPANIES FOR THE YEAR 1934.

ORIGINAL JURISDICTION.

1. 417 actions were instituted in this division of the Court during the year 1934, as against 523 in 1933, 191 were disposed of during the year and 77 were settled or withdrawn before trial, as against 257 and 85 respectively in 1933.

2. The claims amounted to $3,594,726.57 as against $5,726,915.02 in 1933.

3. The debts and damages for which judgments were given amounted to $2,772,364.05 as against $2,313,529.39 in 1933.

4. The fees collected amounted to $24,732.75 as against $25,860.00 in 1933.

SUMMARY JURISDICTION.

5. 2,781 actions were instituted during the year, as against 2,787 in 1933.

6. The cases were disposed of as follows: --Settled or with- drawn 548: Judgment for the plaintiff 1,502, Judgment for the defendant 52, Nonsuit 1; Struck off, dismissed or lapsed 62, and pending 616. as against 701, 1,370, 44, 2, 89 and 581 res- pectively in 1933.

7. The claims amounted to $912,468.71 as against $865,033.45 in 1933 and the amounts for which judgments were given were $477,427.98 as against $501,580.51 in 1933.

8. The number of rent distress warrants issued was 2,431 representing unpaid rents amounting to $517,225.03 of which $80,971.39 was recovered by enforced sales in 956 warrants; as against 2,201, $482,588.10 and $82,541.77 respectively in 1933.

9. 1,431 warrants were withdrawn on settlement between the parties as against 1,383 in 1933 and the remaining warrants were cancelled or otherwise disposed of.

10. The fees collected amounted to $35,918.00 as against $33,398.50 in 1933.

G 2

SUITORS' FUNDS.

11. During the year $457,557.27 was paid into Court and $995,116.31 was paid out.

CRIMINAL JURISDICTION.

12. There were 117 cases and 135 persons committed for trial at the criminal sessions, as against 130 and 146 respectively in 1933.

In 1933 the

13. Of the 135 persons indicted, 98 were convicted, 26 were acquitted and 11 were not proceeded against. figures were respectively 146, 94, 41 and 11.

14. Three appeals were lodged during the year. In two cases the appeals were dismissed, while in the third case the sentence of two years' imprisonment with hard labour was quashed and in substitution therefor a fine of $100, with a sentence of two months' imprisonment with hard labour in default, was imposed.

APPELLATE JURISDICTION.

15. 10 appeals were lodged during the year.

16. 3 were dismissed, 2 were allowed, 3 were settled, and 2 are pending.

ADMIRALTY JURISDICTION.

17. 11 actions were instituted during the year.

18. 1 was settled, 2 were discontinued and 8 are pending.

19. The fees collected amounted to $673.50 as against $1,981.00 in 1933.

PROBATE JURISDICTION,

20. 389 grants were made by the Court being:-

Probate

Letters of Administration

156

233

389

53 grants by other Courts were sealed, making an aggregate

of 442 grants dealt with. The figure in 1933 was 470.

G 3

21. Court fees amounted to $29,309.90 and Official Ad- ministrator's commission to $12,921.63. The figures in 1933 were $31,182.60 and $3,797.53 respectively.

22. During the year there were 84 deceased estates accounts on the Court books. The cash balance at the end of the year was $16,963.96.

23. 46 accounts were closed during the year and 60 new accounts were opened. No estate was transferred to trust ac- count.

DIVORCE JURISDICTION.

24. No new proceedings were instituted during the year. One decree nisi for dissolution of marriage was pronounced.

OFFICIAL TRUSTS.

25. The number of trust estates in the hands of the Official Trustee at the end of the year was 20. The invested funds totalled $176,702.73 and £2,850 and the cash balance $9,465.62.

26. The amount of commission collected was $125.59.

During the year the Belilios Star in bronze was awarded to eight persons and monetary awards made to a further eleven persons for gallantry in saving people from drowning.

REGISTRAR OF COMPANIES.

27. On the 31st December there were 722 companies on the Hong Kong register, of which 103 were in course of liquidation. 207 companies incorporated outside the Colony and not on the Hong Kong register have registered the requisite documents.

28. During the year 66 new companies were put on the register and 65 companies were struck off. One company was transferred from the Hong Kong to the Shanghai register.

29. The fees collected in respect of "China" companies amounted to $177,867.91, and those in respect of other com- panies to $19,813.00. The fees for licences to keep local registers amounted to $1,991.45.

30. One firm was registered under the Chinese Partnerships Ordinance, 1911, and no firm was registered under the Limited Partnerships Ordinance, 1912.

31. Deposits to the total value of $4,046,666 have been made by Insurance Companies under the Fire and Marine Insurance Companies Deposit Ordinance, 1917, $1,418,700 re- presenting cash deposits.

- Ġ 4

32. Deposits under the Life Insurance Companies Ordin- ance, 1907, amount to $1,209,246.51, of which $344,246.51 is by cash deposits.

33. The work of the Companies Registry during the past six years is shown in Table II appended to this report.

BILLS OF SALE.

34. The number of Bills of Sale registered during the year was 48 as against 57 in 1933.

REVENUE.

(FEES, COMMISSION, &c.).

35. The total sum collected during the year by way of fees and commission amounted to $343,885.68 as against $314,149.78 in the previous year.

PERSONNEL.

36. His Honour Mr. A. D. A. MacGregor, K.C., was ap- pointed Chief Justice with effect from the 22nd February, 1934, in succession to Sir Joseph Horsford Kemp, K.C., C.B.E.

His Honour Mr. R. E. Lindsell was appointed Puisne Judge with effect from the 10th August, 1934, in succession to Mr. J. R. Wood.

Mr. P. Jacks, Land Officer, acted as Puisne Judge from the 16th April to the 13th December, 1984.

Mr. E. P. H. Lang acted as Registrar from the 7th April to the 28th November, 1934, during the absence of Mr. T. M. Hazlerigg on leave.

T. M. HAZLERIGG,

Registrar. Supreme Court,

Official Trustee, Official Administrator,

Registrar of Companies.

G 5

Table I.

Table showing total number of cases dealt with by the Supreme Court and the expenditure and revenue of the Supreme Court and the Companies Registry 1923-1934.

Total number of cases dealt

Year.

with (exclusive

Expenditure.

Revenue.

of distraints).

C.

C.

1923..

962

128,838.62

*69,955.20

1924..

1,549

136,136.99

*89,624.99

1925.

1,908

150,698.14

*121,606.20

1926.

3,416

133,680.40

*117,252.61

1927.

2.267

141,493.29

*96,254.96

1928..

2,330

165,114.93

*101,624.20

1929.

2,303

167.632.95

*102,876.25

1930..

2,016

218,933.24

*95,560.75

1931

2,113

240,030.30

*97,773.74

1932.

3,095

231,828.63

*155,461.92

1933..

3,315

244,996.00

*170,422.62

1934.

3,209

249,032.71

*164,026.32

*Not including amounts paid for fees in respect of licences to keep local registers and China Companies fees-in 1934 $179,859.36.

Table II.

Table showing the work of the Companies Registry.

Year.

Number of

Number of

companies on new companies Amount of the Hong Kong registered during fees collected.

Register.

the year.

C.

1929.

560

56

13,651.70

1930..

572

63

17.472.60

1931

621

81

20,233.20

1932.

674

84

21.958.00

1933..

722

94

25,298.20

1934.

722

66

19,813.00

Appendix G (1).

REPORT OF THE OFFICIAL RECEIVER AND

REGISTRAR OF TRADE MARKS AND PATENTS FOR THE YEAR 1934.

BANKRUPTCY

AND

COMPANIES WINDING-UP.

New Business.

Twenty three petitions in bankruptcy were presented during the year, nineteen by creditors and four by debtors, as against forty one the previous year.

2. In companies winding-up nine petitions were filed. Of these two were dismissed, two withdrawn, and in five cases compulsory winding-up orders were made, whereas in the previous year only four petitions were filed, of which one was dismissed while in three cases compulsory orders were made.

3. The total assets collected amounted to $145,539.24. The liabilities. as estimated by the debtors, amounted to $2,786,700.10. These figures, which include both bankruptcies and companies liquidations, whilst showing an appreciable decrease over the previous year in assets collected, show on the other hand a considerable increase in the estimated value of the liabilities as will appear from the comparative table overleaf. The disproportion between the liabilities and assets is accounted for by the fact that although in three cases petitions in bankruptcy were filed in 1933 yet the statements of affairs were not submitted until the year under review, thereby swelling the liabilities by $995,011.80, and also by the fact that two additional companies went into liquidation as above mentioned.

4. Only one salaried employee filed a petition in bankruptcy during the year under review, but on the other hand five Chinese factories (one handkerchief and garter, one knitting, one sauce, one printing-press, and one rubber), two silk stores. two leather firms and their branches, one shipyard, one Chinese bank, one pawnshop, and one money changers firm failed which is indicative of the industrial and commercial depression in Hong Kong.

G (1) 2

Fees.

5. The fees received for Official Receiver's commission and possession fees amounted to $29,362.40, showing an increase of $5,163.06 over the previous year notwithstanding that a fewer number of petitions in bankruptcy were filed. This increase is accounted for by the fact that in 1934 the assets distributed in dividends in thrity one cases exceeded the assets distributed in dividends in only nineteen cases in 1933.

Discharges.

6. Three discharges were granted during the year, one subject to suspension for three months, one to suspension for one month and one conditional on consent to judgment against the applicant being entered by the Official Receiver. No applications for discharge were refused.

Rules.

7. Two amendments to the Bankruptcy Rules, 1932, were made by the Chief Justice and approved of by the Legislative Council and published in the Government Gazette under G.N. Nos. 493 and 698.

General.

8. At the end of the year under review there remained twenty two cases in bankruptcy ripe for payment of a final dividend, being fifteen cases in which petitions were presented prior to 1934 and seven in 1934. In addition there were twenty two cases in which debtors should have applied for their discharge and thirty three cases in which trustees should have applied for their release. An effort will be made during 1935 to wipe out, or at least to make a substantial reduction in these

arrears.

9. In fourteen bankruptcy cases salaried employees pay instalments and it is customary to pay dividends on account as soon as there are assets sufficient to pay ten per cent.

COMPANIES LIQUIDATION.

BANKRUPTCY.

Year.

Petitions for

winding up.

Winding up Orders.

Total Number of Petitions.

Creditors'

Petitions.

Debtors'

Petitions.

Total Number of

Receiving Orders.

Public Examina-

tions.

Adjudications.

Compositions.

Petitions

withdrawn.

Petitions

dismissed.

Petitions

consolidated.

1934

9

5 23 19 4 18

9

16

1

10

5

1933 4 3 41 28

88

13 25 17

30

1 6

7

:

1934

3

2

1933

7

1

G (1) 3

Unclaimed

Assets

for dis- tribution.

Estimated Liabilities.

Fees in Stamps.

Official Receiver's Com- mission.

Balances transferred

to

General Revenue.

· 0.

|145,539.24 2,786,700.10

C.

C.

4,142.30

5,557.35

406,700.211,409,173.01

0.

é

C.

27,480.40 1,882 2.931.78

19,003.35.196

REGISTRATION OF TRADE MARKS.

191.49

Revenue.

10. The revenue derived from the registration of trade- marks amounted to $20,334.00 as against $23,445.35 in the previous year.

This decrease is accounted for by the fact that although there were forty one more renewals yet there were one hundred and forty two fewer cases in which certificates of registration were granted than in 1933.

Opposed Registration.

11. Six applications for registration were opposed during the year.

In four cases applications for registration were with- drawn, in one case opposition was withdrawn, and in the sixth case negotiations have been entered into with a view to settle- ment.

12. In one case in which opposition was filed in 1932 judgment was given, after three full days hearing, in favour of the opponents.

Year.

Total No. of Total No. of applications Registration

Total No. of

Total No. of

for

certificates

Renewals

assign-

Registration,

granted.

Total amount of

fees.

ments.

1934

320

259

356

170

$20,334.00

1933

446

401

315

326

23,445.35

G (1) 4

REGISTRATION OF LETTERS PATENT.

13. The revenue derived from this source amounted to $159.00 as against $105.00 during the previous year, the small increase is due to the fact that a greater number of patents were registered.

Year.

Number of Registration Search fees. Total fees.

patents.

fees.

1934

17 $150.00

$ 9.00 $ 159.00

1933

8

100.00

5.00

105.00

TOTAL REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

14. The following are totals of revenue and expenditure for the department for the years 1933 and 1934 respectively, (including officers in the Junior Clerical Service):-

1933

1934

Revenue.

Expenditure.

$47,749.69

$27,850.73

$52,787.18

$24,805.51

This shows a net profit of $27,981.67 for the year under review as against $19 898.96 for the year 1933, being a net increase of $8,082.71.

JAMES J. HAYDEN,

Official Receiver and Registrar of Trade Marks and Patants.

Hong Kong, 9th March, 1935.

Appendix H.

REPORT OF THE HONG KONG AND KOWLOON. MAGISTRACIES FOR THE YEAR 1934.

HONG KONG.

Mr. E. W. Hamilton acted as First Police Magistrate and Coroner from the 1st January to 9th November.

Mr. W. Schofield acted as First Police Magistrate and Coroner from the 10th November to the end of the year.

Mr. S. F. Balfour acted as Second Police Magistrate and Coroner from the 1st January to 25th March.

Mr. Q. A. A. Macfadyen acted as Second Police Magistrate and Coroner from 26th March to 30th November.

Mr. E. I. Wynne-Jones acted as Second Police Magistrate and Coroner trom 1st Deceinber to the end of the year.

Mr. W. M. Thomson acted as First Clerk and Magistrate from the 1st February to the end of the year.

The number of cases was 32,597 as compared with 26,162 in 1933.

KOWLOON.

Mr. E. I. Wynne-Jones acted as Police Magistrate and Coroner from the 1st January to 14th November.

Mr. E. W. Hamilton acted as Police Magistrate and Coroner from the 15th November to the end of the year.

Mr. J. H. B. Lee acted as First Clerk and Magistrate from the 5th February to the end of the year.

The number of cases was 21,220 as compared with 19,925 in 1933. A small temporary Court Room was erected in the Magistracy compound and opened on 6th September, 1934, for the hearing of cases by the First Clerk and Magistrate. This has done much to relieve the former congestion of cases in the Main Court.

H 2

2. Table I shows the expenditure of the two Magistracies for the years 1933 and 1934, including the cost of all officers in the departments who belong to the Cadet, Senior Clerical and Accounting, and Junior Clerical Services.

3. Table II shows the revenue of the two Magistracies for the same year.

4. Table III shows their revenue and expenditure for the last ten years in comparative form.

5. Table IV gives an Abstract of Cases under cognizance of the Magistrates' Courts during the years 1933 and 1934 in comparative form. The number of offenders previously convict- ed who were sentenced during the year is shown and the number of offenders who were placed under Police Supervision in addition to their sentences is given.

6. Table V is an analysis of the "convicted and sentenced" column in Table IV, showing the penalties inflicted under each of the eight main heads of crime in that table. The number of offenders previously bound over whose bonds have been enforced on committing a breach of the conditions of the bonds is also shown.

7. Table VI is a return of boy juvenile offenders brought before the Hong Kong and Kowloon Magistrates' Courts during the years 1933 and 1934 giving their ages, the offences committed by them and the sentences imposed. A new column is added to show the number of juvenile offenders committed to the Remand Home during 1934.

8. Table VII is a return of girl juvenile offenders, giving information similar to that in table VI.

9. Table VIII gives the number of writs issued from the two Magistracies during the years 1933 and 1934.

10. Table IX is an Abstract of all cases brought before the the Hong Kong and Kowloon Magistrates' Courts during the last ten years.

11. Table X shows the work done by the Magistrates sitting as Coroners.

GENERAL.

12. The Juvenile Offenders Ordinance (Ordinance No. 1 of 1932) was in operation throughout the year, and remand. homes for both boys ond girls were in use. 1,789 boys and 358 girls came before the courts, of whom 176 boys and 43 girls were discharged, leaving 1,613 boys and 315 girls as the total number

..

- H 3

convicted. Of these, 954 boys and 263 girls were convicted of hawking offences, which in the case of juveniles almost always means hawking without a licence. The corresponding figures for the previous year are 1,022 and 184.

13. The number of charges and defendants dealt with in Hong Kong and Kowloon in 1934 constitutes a record in the history of the Colony: the total number of defendants was 56,370 as against 48,618 last year. The increase of cases is accounted for entirely by head (g), "offences against public morals and police," the principal increases being under the items of obstruction, traffic, and, in Hong Kong, hawkers' offences. Opium and revenue cases have diminished markedly.

14. To cope with the work it was found necessary to in- crease the number of magistrates; and during the year officers of the Cadet Service were appointed to the position of Magis- trate and First Clerk in both Magistracies.

15. Proceedings were taken under the Extradition Acts against four persons for crimes committed outside the Colony. Of these, one was committed to prison to await the Order of H.E. the Governor and the others were discharged.

16.

Summonses under the Married Women (Desertion) Ordinance, 1905, in Hong Kong numbered four as against three in 1933. No order was made. In Kowloon these summonses numbered four as against six in 1933. In one of them an order was made.

31st March, 1935.

W. SCHOFIELD, First Police Magistrate.

·H 4.

Table I.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE 1933 AND 1934.

HONG KONG,

1933.

1934.

$68,211.05

$77,020.21

Personal Emoluments (1)

OTHER CHARGES.

Electric Fans and Light

207.82

234.01

Fees for Interpretation

128.00

206.00

Incidental Expenses

363.46

360.39

Transport

229.10

228.60

Uniform for Messengers

119.42

102.20

SPECIAL EXPENDITURE.

**

Law Books

114.92

64.44

.

Total

$69,373.77

$78,215.85

Personal Emoluments (1)

OTHER CHARGES.

KOWLOON.

1933.

1934.

$31,588.09

$37,778.98

Electric Fans and Lights

351.90

407.87

Fees for Interpretation

37.00

87.00

Incidental Expenses

347.80

390.06

Uniform for Messengers

80.07

$1.92

Total

$32,404.86

$38.745.83

(1) Includes officers of Cadet, S.C. & A., and J. C. Services.

H 5

Table II.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE, 1933. AND 1934.

HONG KONG.

1933.

1934.

Fines

$112,753.72

$106,786.53

Fees

465.60

251.35

Forfeitures

13,340.00

32,172.10

Arms forfeitures

250.00

100.00

Poor Box

933.11

813.63

Arms Fine Fund

Revenue Reward Fund

440.11

1,131.91

33,056.14

20,324:15

Total

.$161,238.68 $161,579.67

KOWLOON.

1933.

1934.

Fines

$68,008.45

$57,272.31

Fees

67.70

86.20

Forfeitures

7,515.00

5,809.20

Miscellaneous Receipts (Surplus cash)

1.00

Poor Box

478.61

652.13

Arms Fine Fund

777.45

879.35

Revenue Reward Fund

11,313.55

7,648.19

Total

$88,161.76 $72,347.38

..

H 6

Table III.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE FOR

LAST TEN YEARS.

HONG KONG.

(1)

Personal

Year.

Emoluments

and other Charges.

Total Expenditure.

Total Revenue.

1925.....

$45,177.50

$45,177.50

$161,432.20

1926........

38,623.18

38,623.18

194,263.87

1927.

41,840.97

41,840.97

185,977.80

1928.

41,090.41

41,090.41

113,304.92

1929..

43,508.15

43,508.15

95,333.04

1930.

70,167.87

70,167.87

86,738.45

1931....

69,999.95

69,999.95

136,913.40

1932.

73,452.64

73,452.64

109,300.21

1933.

69,373.77

69,373.77

126,559.32

1934..

78,215.85

78,215.85

139,209.98

KOWLOON.

1925..

1926..

1927.

Figures not available.

1928..

1929.

1930.

$21,222.57

$21,222.57

$74,374.82

1931.

40,697.67

40,697.67

86,466.52

1932.

38,066.90

38,066.90

75.707.73

1933.

32,404.86

32,404.86

88,162.98

1934...

38,745.83

38,745.83

72,347.38

(1) Includes officers of Cadet, S.C. & A., & J. C. Services

attached to the department.

Classification of Offences.

Total No. of charges.

Total No. of Defendants.

M.

Convicted and sentenced.

F.

Total.

ABSTI

OFFENCES AGAINST INDIVIDUALS.

1933

1931

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

(a)— Against their property.

1. Larceny Simple

960

863

901

$79

675

706

a

15

68+

721

ᏚᎴ

Stealing from the person

217

187

172

193

145

168

145

168

14

Embezzlement and fraudulent

conversion

10

32

10

32

Robbery

21

16

26

20

♡ радо

4

16

16

4

8

1

00

1

10

Piracy

:

Burglary and housebreaking

108

100

111

106

80

94

80

98

Demanding with menaces

$

6

9

9

2

5

2

cr co

26

6

False pretences and cheating

77

116

76

107

45

72

4

45

76

27

Receiving and possession of stolen goods

734

560

738

606

320

294

19

51

339

318

325

2. Arson ...

1

1

3. Malicious damage

10

10

11

18

5

1

5

4. Forgery.

31

12

31

42

5. Other offences

84

119

87

126

28

12

59

**386885

4

3

25

2

14

26

*CO

7

63

92

5

(b)—Against their persons.

1. Homicide

2. ¡li-treatment and grievous harm

3. Common assault

4. Kidnapping

5. Sexual offences

******

****

6. Other offences

OFFENCES OF A PUBLIC NATURE.

(c)-Against the Croon and Government.

1. Currency offences

2. Sedition, intimidation and breach of

emergency regulations.

3. Unlawful societies

4. Trespass and damage on Crown Land...

5. Theft and damage of public stores

6. Misconduct by Government officers..

7. Opium and Revenue offences

8. Dangerous drug and goods

9. Other offences

Carried forward,..

13

6

19

180

223

13

6

?

2

25

31

ཌ=ཧྨཎྞསྶ

14

10

2

20

6

12

192

265

108

123

4

113

17

13

R

5

2730

12

127

31

8

6237

2

2

}

1

#

25

31

12

6

20

18

21

1

35

35

23

37

30

30

18.

1

30

19

2

1

1

101

69

125

90

88

50

13

сс

101

58

22

7

10

7

10

5

7

2,652

2,145

2,726

2,186

2,244

1,820 289

211

2,533

2,061

96

81

124

113

145

84

112

2*

15

86

127

24

122

327

128

338

60

295*

18

11

78

296

6

5,505

5,043

5,574

5,280

4,000

3,903

372

392

4,372

4,295

709

M

Bound over without further penal

To keep the peace and be of good

behaviour.

To

M.

M.

H 7

Table IV.

CT OF CASES UNDER.COGNISANCE OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATES' COurts during THE YEARS 1933 AND 193

HONG KONG.

Cases, how disposed of, and the Number of Male and Female Adult Defendants under each Head.

Committed for trial at the

Supreme Court.

Committed to Prison or Detained pen- ding Orders of HI.B. the Governor.

105

12

1

22

22

:

Total.

M.

F.

M.

F.

F

1933

1934 1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1834

1933

1934

1933

1931

1933.

1934

1933

19

Discharged.

9

3

95

70

15

19

53

::

::

4

13

10

are are

3

15

26

7

6

27

14

2

6

3

328

198

1

11

10.

2

12

17

:.

AA

สง ด

7

6 2

47 10 — ~

31

7

3

3

7

:

::

5

I

7

14

9

1

19

...

1

:

::

:

46

2

:

3

2

42

G8

5

12

:

:

:

3

13

15

.1

10-

109

92

1

25

14

1

36

...

39

37

748

608

21

38

1

7

::



...

F:

:::

:

3

...

:



1

1

4

...

:

:

:

::

:

:

1

...

15 1

3

:

20

16

...

265

105

38

16

14

10.

RS 1933 AND 1934.

Convicted and cautioned.

Under police supervision.

Previously convicted.

15

**

43

13

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

* 1934

1933

1931 1933 1931

1933

1934 1933

1934

1933

1934 1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

without further penalty.

1

To come up for judgment.

to

*****

::

54

5

6

3

co

6

12

eri

17

6

:.

8

-

18

∞ ∞

8

2

12

24

3

:.

13

:

:

3

3

2

5

5

1

:

8

6

:

~

00

8

24

::::

:

3

:..

1

:

:

...

:

:

3

51

21

15

3

1

海师

:::

6

22

1

4

4

2

3

16

14

108

3

12

80

54

28

41

17

9

34

116

2

3

1

J

:

Total No. of charges.

Total No. of Defendants.

ABSTRACT OF

Convicted and sentenced.

8

51

2

00. H

8

M.

F.

Total.

M.

Brought forward,

1933

5,505

1931

1933

1934

1933 1934

1933

1934

1933

1934 1933 1934

5,043 5,571 5,280 4,000

3.903

372

392

4,372 4,295

709

571

(d)-Against Public Justice.

1. Escape and breach of prison........

1

1

2. Returning from banishment

150

189

150

189

128

160

3. Perjury

6

4. Bribery

15

21

5. Other offences

4

26

1

2

...

15

21

12

17



67

16

3

14

1

...

128

169

10

...

***

12

19

3

14

:

10

2

1

Classification of Offences.

:

...

42

131 15

258

31

::

22

220

1. Breach of the peace...

138

226

268

474

112

2. Unlawful possession of arms............

17

44

19

47

13

216 31

22

(e)—Against the Public peace.

3. Other offences............

(f)-Against trade.

1. Trade Marks infringement......

2. Employers and workmen offences

3. Food and drugs offences

4. Other offences

:

30

38

30

38

12

6

3

10

3

10

3

:

T:



12

22

14

16

3

21.00

2

:

(g)—Against Public Morals and Police.

1. Begging and touting

266

311

274

318

182

254

8

28

190

282

16

12

2. Brothels, and procuration of women

382

548

392

55$

25

228

337

322

362

550

4

3. Lotteries and gambling..

734

641

1,808

1,864

1,552

1,641

108

168

1,660

1,812

118

25

4. Offences against public health

343

636

350

680

250

480

29

90

279

570

37

58

5. Street hawkers offences

6,286

6,676

5,606

6,712

3,125

3,551

571

906 3.696

4,457

221

301

6. Obstruction

4,190

5,621

4,185

5,613

3,522

4,103

43

256

3,565

4,659

486

5.14

7. Offences with fire crackers

275

719

273

721

229

603

1

230

604

41

89

8. Drunkenness

9

7

9

7

7

6

7

2

9. Traffic offences of a technical nature

4,501

6,325

4,492

6,320

3,982

5,417

6

3

3,988

5,420

370

468

10. Dangerous driving of vehicles

137

240

133

242

112

212

2

2

114

212

10

10

11. Vagrants and stowaways

41

18

14

22

41

21

41

22

2

...

12. Unlicensed or unmuzzled dogs

929

962

929

962

784

762

5

4

789

766

115

13. Other offences

2,201 2,802

2,228

2,822

1,712

1,867

109

282

1,821

2,149

213

144.1 325

Total,......

26,162

31,156 26,787 33,015 19,805 23,823

1.615

2,506 21,420 | 26,329

2,584

2,6431

}

H &

:

Table IV,-Continued.

CT OF CASES UNDER COGNISANCE OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS DURING THE YEARS 1933 AND H

Hong Kong,-Continued.

R

Cases, how disposed of, and the Number of Male, and Female Adult Defendants under each Head.

Bound over without further pe

¡Discharged.

Committed for trial at the Supreme Court.

Committed to Prison or Detained pending Orders of H.E. the Governor,

To keep the peace and be of good behaviour.

To com

M.

F.

Total.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M

F.

M.

1934

1933 1934 1933 1934

1933

1934 1933 1934

1933 1934 1933 1934

1933 1934 1933 1934

1933 1

}

571

* 39

37

748

608

21

38

1

1

3

:.

:

265

105

38

16

14

10

2

51

00

8

10

10

3

3

1

:

:

::

167

2

...

...

12

1

1 10

..

12

51

...

2

8

***

14

16

2

...

2

NS

10

:

10

12

16

12

:

4

18

25

10

58

2

301

43

$6

514

+9689

22

8

128

31

39

64

264

387

12

488

556

89.

41

89

2

468

5

370

473

10

1

11

10

2

141

115

144

325

21

16

239

341

:.

...

:::

2,643

143

175 2,527 2,818

37

55

..

:::

...

:::

92

100 1

12

18

:

11

102

2

2

1

16

49

18

:

21

...

幽会

12

ลง

:::

!

3

497

232

109

52

25

* 5 defendants ordered to pay wages,

3 AND 1934.

it further penalty.

Convicted and Cautioned.

Under police supervision.

Previously Convicted.

To come up for judgment.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

1933

1934

1933 1934

1933

1931 1933 1934

1933

1934

1933 1934

1933

1934 1933

1934

14

108

3

12

80

54

28

41

17

3+

115

3

***

8

10

34

...

...

2

:

*

~

58

44

00 10

8

20

13

:

2

16

34

4

12

2*

781

954

712

910

108

338

24

90

28

129

419

3

8

38

...

2

41

25 122

52

279

14

12

...

:::

:

w

25

161

3

12

1,365

2,273

801 1,080

18 12

со

:

16

18

6

23

∞ ∞

21.00

8

2

:

6

co

225

147

15

6

608-

58

71

1

1

2

12

32

301

335

72

86



ed.

STRATE'S COURT DURING THE YEARS 1933 AND 1934.

ale Adult Defendants under each Head.

Bound over without further penalty.

To come up for Judgement.

Convicted and Cautioned.

Witnesses punished for making false

charge or

giving fales

evidence.

Police Supervision.

I'reviously

convicted.

2

15

F.

M.

F

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

3 1034

1933 1934 1933 1931 1933 1934 1933 1934

1933 1934 1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933 1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

2

27

21

1

57

107

11

25

::

::

11-

To keep the peace and be of

good behaviour.

:

:

..:

7

:

:

2

:

50

:

N

2

60

:

73

.:

:

...

...

I

...

12

12

***

2

...

68

...

:

...

***

4

1



2

:

2

12

1

...

1

7.

::

11

18

48

14

...

...

...

...

:

4

I

17

...

...

11

:

LO

922

11

12

10

:

2

:

...

...

...

...

2

4

11

45

33

17

28

...

...

...

...

:

:

...

::

19

11

2

***

...

...



...

...

:

...

...

...

:

...

...

:

18

...

:

42

...

22

73

:

3

...

...

:

283

112

243

:

5

5

- H 9

Table IV,-Continued.

VISANCE OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATE'S COURT DURING THE YEARS 1933 AND 1934.

Kowloon.

Bound over without further penalty.

To come up for Judgement.

of, and the Number of Male and Female Adult Defendants under each Head.

F.

Convicted and Cautioned.

M.

F.

...

Witnesses punished for making false charge or giving fales evidence.

Police Supervision.

M.

F.

::

M.

Q

7

F.

1933

1934

1933 1034

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934 1933 1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933 1934

1933

1934

1933 19

'ommitted for

trial at the upreme Court.

Committed to Prison or Detained pen- ding Orders of H.E. the

F.

1934 1933 1934

::

3

...

...

...

2

:

LO

M.

Governor.

:

:

11

F.

:

To keep the peace and be of good behaviour.

M.

F

:

:

:

:.

:..

:

N

M.

::

:::

28

50

60

...

:

27

...

...

...

...

...

9

1

7

...

1

...

12

***

:

...

3

LO

4

Q

...

...

...

...

...

...

73

68

...

...

...

21

...

...

...

...

...

2

...

:

3

...

1

:

11

18

48

14

...

:

:..

1

1

...

...

:

:..

:

17

...

12

...

1

::

:

...

...

11

11

12

22

...

:.

...

10

...

2

2

4

11

45

83

17

28

:

:

:

...

..

:

:

:

3

18

Convicted and sentenced.

1

Table

ABSTRACT OF CASES UNDER COGNISANCE OF THE PO

Cases, how disposed of, and the Number of

Discharged.

Committed for

trial at the Supreme Court.

::

com

*A

32

::

33

5

1

:

3

5

10

20

11

:

2

5

LO

M.

F.

Total.

M.

F.

Total.

M.

F.

OFFENCES AGAINST INDIVIDUALS.

(a)-Against their property.

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933 1934

1933 1934

1933 1934

1933 1934 1933 1934

1933

1934

1933

1934 1933

1934

193

1. Larceny and attempted larceny:

Simple Larceny

755

793

717

748

607

642

614

648

55

Stealing from the person

101

128

81

100

66

*5

67

86

12

12

76

13

58

83

13

14

::

Embezzlement and fraudulent

conversion

: 16

10

16

10

5

10

Robbery

9

7

12

11

1

6

10 30

Piracy

1

...

Burglary and housebreaking

46

56

50

56

38

42

39

Demanding with menaces

3

3

2

2

1

...

42

2

14

2

...

False pretences and cheating

32

32

22

22

16

19

16

20

2

Receiving and possession of stolen goods

363

532

386

525

190

215

11

27

201

242

157

250

11

11

2. Arson

:

3. Malicious damage

8

8

12

12

2

7

...

4. Forgery

12

5

8

6

:::

*

:

2

7

6

4

5. Other offences.

164

149

184

149

139

127

3

142

131

31

10

ONJ

2

32

10

620

7H2

6

3

11

14

2

2

168

261

5

Classification of Offences.

Total No. of

charges.

Total No. of Defendants.

...

...

:

:

2. Ill-treatment and grievous harm

11

13

10

14

::

3. Common assault

162

139

185

181

88

68

91

71

29

N3

2

27

4. Kidnapping

7

7

9

3

1

4

NIN

2

5. Sexual offences

6. Employment of women and girls

24

23

7. Other offences

15

22

223

:

24

23

17

73

25

28

~~

4

13

21

122

21

16

49

9

18

9

(b)—Against their persons.

1. Homicide

::

♡ 2

5

10 201

:

:

14

34

1

...

:

15

3

618

87

65

13

19

4225

12

18

13

15

12

13

12

11

12

co

:

:

2. Sedition, intimidation and breach of emergency regulations

3. Unlawful societies

22

6

Co

2

3

1

2

1

2

1

1

...

4. Trespass and damage on Crown Land.

152

67

191

81

112

37

38

150

42

12

26

5. "Theft and damage of public stores

5

5

5

:

...

6. Misconduct by Government officers

5

1

7

1

1

1

1

6

7. Opium and Revenue offences 8. Dangerous drugs and goods

9. Other offences

Carried forward,..

**

1,774

972

1,892

966

1,663

766

127

123

1.790

589

72

50

44

237

49

61

55

45

38

B

3

48

4I

10

11

175

246

191

181

108

28

38

212

146

16

19

3=8

15

LO 00 00

4,005

3,216

4,207

3,205

3,238

2,203

249

227

3,487

2,430

457

532

53

B

OFFENCES OF A PUBLIC NATURE. (c)— Against the Crown and Government.

1. Currency offences, weights and measures, etc.

**

:

39

62

510

594

12

11

F

:

{

ed.

TE'S COURT DURING THE YEARS 1933 AND 1934.

1.

\dult Defendants under each Head.

Bound over without further penalty.

To keep the peace and be of good behaviour,

To come up for

Judgement.

I

Convicted and Cautioned.

Witnesses punished for

making false charge or giving false evidence.

Police Supervision.

Previously.

Convicted

11

131

8

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

1.

M.

F.

M.

F.

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933 1934

1933

1934 1933

1934

1933 1934

1933

1931

73

68

11

18

48

14

45

33

17

28

18

112

243

5

...

:..

152

121

15

18

1

i

เร

1

3

2

1

2

2

...

...

13

3

233

200

28

54

53

14

4

...

**

...

5

:

LO CO

3

...

...

...

...

7

4



2

...

1

16

1

7

2

...

608

171

410

323

73

103

7

61

40

I

...

...

188

97

1

...

16

31

1

28

33

1

913

643

467

404

J

...

...

...

...

:::

...

1

...

3

21

:

:

...

40

28

2

14

∞**

25

...

5

207

278

91

159

305

101

1

12

...

*

2

14

...

...

1

1

388

881

92

428

H 10

Table IV,-Continued.

R COGNISANCE OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATE'S COURT DURING THE YEARS 1933 AND 1934.

Kowloon,-Continued.

ow disposed of, and the Number of Male and Female Adult Defendants under each Head.

Committed for trial at the Supreme Court.

Bound over without further penalty.

To come up for Judgement.

Committed to Prison or Detained pending Orders of H. E. the Governor.

To keep the peace and be of good behaviour,

Convicted and Cautioned,

Witnesses punished for making false charge or giving false evidence.

Police Supervis

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933 1934

1933

1934

1933

1934 1993 1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934 1933

1934

1933

1934

193:

12

11

73

68

8889

11

18

48

11

45

33

17

28

18

:

::

5

...

3

**

***

:

:

152

124

15

18

2

::

::

"

...

...

20

20

ta

1

...

...

2

...

...

...

4

12

2

2

13

1

...

...

...

་་་

...

::

...



...

...

3

...

7

:



...

Co

::

...

1

}

1

16

7

4

2

...

608

171

440

323

73

103

40

61

1

...

...

...

...

188

...

97

16

...

:

31

1

28

33

4

ભા

2

233

200

28

54

53

14

11

913

643

467

404

...

...

...

21

Classification of Offences.

Total No. of

charges.

Total No. of Defendants.

Convicted and sentenced.

}

Tal ABSTRACT OF CASES UNDER COGNISANCE OF THE POI

Discharged.

Ko1

Cases, how disposed of, and the Number of

Co

Committed for trial at the Supreme Court.

Det:

of

J.

F

Total,

M.

F.

Total

M.

F.

Brought forward,.

1933 1934

4,005

1933 1931

1933

1934 1933 1934

1933 1931

1933 1934

1933 1934

1933 1931

1933 1934 1933

1934

1933

3.216

4,207

3,205

3,238

2,203 249

227

3,497 2,430

157

532

53

62

510

594

12

11

(d) -- Against Public Justice.

1. Escape and breach of prison

2. Returning from banishment

3. Perjury

4. Bribery

5. Other offences

ྂ་-

1

1

1

132

200

130

200

106

175

12

11

118

186

2

2

I

1

13

13

18

11

17

11

17

54

:

43

a

48

2

(e) — Against the Public peace.

3. Other offences

1. Breach of the peace.

2. Unlawful possession of arms...............

(ƒ)~Against trade.

1. Trade Marks infringement

2. Employers and workmen offences

3. Food and drugs offences..

4. Other offences

114

2823

141

256

263

57

29

37

36

37

3}

29

31

35

33

19

27

822

87

61

27

31

332

93

13

27

19

27

15

3 10 10.

5

10 σ

G

12

2

9

1

1

748

17

3

7MP

455

14

846

20

☺ -

Co

2

(g)-Against Public Morals and Police.

1. Begging and touting

306

270

332

276

276

229

30

16

306

246

2. Brothels, and procuration of women

·

410

463

442

467

205

360

218

88

423

118

9

11

19

16

22

4

3. Lotteries and gambling

17

238

204

699

641

669

571

13

32

673

603

7

31

10

36

4. Offences against public health.

176

228

186

220

151

182

10

161

187

14

27

2

16

28

5. Street hawkers offences (

7,058

5,449

6,316

5,060

3.981

3,177

1,202

6. Obstruction

1,187 5,183

1,364

83

135

31

66

114

201

2,402

4,290

2,432

4,362

2,172

3,425

6

407

2,178

3,832

180

357

29

180

386

7. Offences with fire crackers

366

810

367

806

336

600

15

837

615

22

128

1

1

23

129

8. Drunkenness

9

7

11

7

5

7

5

1

2

1

2

9. Traffic offences of a technical nature

10. Dangerous driving of vehicles

2,635

3,055

92

2,555

2,812

2,331

2,419

91

81

11. Vagrants and stowaways

29

21

70

36

70

28

12. Unlicensed or unmuzzled dogs

2067

:

8

2,333

2,427

222

225

124

124

83

8

S

:

70

28

7

...

803

945

780

9:1

682

632

48

683

680

13. Other offences

1,018

1,601

1,010

1,598

818 1.276

56

71

14. Other offences unspecified...

874 1,347

99

109

70

Total,..

19,925 j 21,220

104

20,024 | 21,208

69

75

15,229 | 15,610

39

10

79

49

24

சகல்

81.

187

81

195

203

7

100

210

18

24

20

1,808

2,138 | 17,037 | 17,748

1,162 1,921

107

193

1,269 2,114

20

20

}

· H 11

Table V.

Hong Kong.

icy in respect of Certain Classes of Offences during the Years 1933 and 1934 Adults only.

M.

Against the Crown and

Against Public

Justice.

Government.

F.

M.

F.

M.

Offences of a Public Nature.

Against the Public Peace.

F.

M.

}

Against Trade.

F.

M.

Against Public Morals and

Police.

F.

M.

Other Offences.

F.

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

19.33

1934

1933

1934

1933

1931

1933

1931

1933

1931

1933

1934

1933

1934

606

716

141

120

8

23

1,858

1,534

181

159

8

46

15

127

161

:

:

207

76

40

13

30

I

25

2

11

:

:

:

27

39

21

N

58

28

20

9

:

:

:

10

:

:

:

:

42

34

16

1

2

:

:

:

:

:..

:

:

:

O

:

:

:

:

89

:

100

12

18

:

10

2

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

4:.

F:

12,846

15,812

769

1,184

1,301

1.500

104

214

910

1,749

341

589

291

297

4

63

13

28

:

10

112

42

:

:

:

:

39

20

1

114

22

53

18

15

1,149

1,900

756

1,025

122

279

14

12

:

:

:

:

:

}

:

:

:

:

:

:

2

41

6

:

:

F.

:

2.610

2,332

365

294

143

194

11

234

391

39

62

12

19

36

...

...

15,085 19,538 1,925 2,827 1,860 2,159

128

289

H 11

Table V.

Hong Kong.

Return of Punishments awarded at Magistracy in respect of Certain Classes of Off

Offences against Individuals.

Punishments.

Number of persons punished.

Description.

Against their

Property.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

Against their Persons.

F.

M.

Against the Crown and Government.

F.

M.

19.33

1931

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

Fined

14,929 18,394 1,050 1,618

43

40

19

34

31

66

10

26

606

716

141

120

Imprisoned in default

3,212 4,012 532

$38

136

351

25

10

46

1,853

1,534

181

159

8

Imprisoned without option

1,491

1,339

15

47

‹ 1,154

1,069

12

25

36

33

13

46

15

127

:

Imprisoned and birched

18

18

11

Expelled from the Colony

7

27

Sentenced to house of Detention

39

20

1

:

:

:

:

:.

...

:

:

:

:..

...

:

:

27

:.

:

Bound over to be of good behaviour

354

51

91

21

175

27

Convicted and cautioned

1,365

2,273

802

1,080

21

21

Bound over and fined

Bound over and ordered to pay compensation

Bound over, ordered to pay compensation and fined

Bound over and imprisoned

Bound over to keep peace

Fined and ordered to pay compensation

:

Bound over to come up for judgment

54

161

12

Enforcement of bonds

15

8

7

106

17

18

2

3

1

...

2

:.

142

178

18

31

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

12

21

I

55

12

1

2

39

8

Co

58

28

21

20

N

G

:

:

:

:

:

:

2

36

:.

68

ex

12

:

:.

:.

:

:

:

:

:

40

102

7

6



1

1

N

2

1

2

Total.

21,735

26,497 2,540

3,650 1,604 1,629

61

118

180

215

22

49 2,610

2,332

365

291

143

ނ

Offences of a Public Nature.

F.

M.

Against Trade.

Against Public Morals and Police.

Other Offences.

M.

F.

:

M.

F.

:

01

:

9,726

10 519

881

1,398

35

25

1

6

1,915

2,389 655

478

8

4

35

71

3

7

6

:

:

со

:

:

:

2

:

1

2

:..

7

7

18

859

596

450

373

:

934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1938

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1931

1933:

1934

1933

1934

H 12

Table V,-Continued.

Kowloon.

pect of Certain Classes of Offences during the years 1933 and 1934 Adults only.

M.

inst the Crown

1 Government.

Against Public Justice.

Against the Public Peace.

F.

F.

:

:

:..

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

16

3

...

:

:

:

.:.

:

:

:

201

75

72

7

45

29

27

4

3

3

726

121

95

4

13

29

71

2

2

37

2

106

176

12

11

366

F.

M.

:

:

:

:

:

:..

:

F

:

2

1

28

16

13

:

...

:

1

:

38

107

8

8

10

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

N

:

:

83

17

6

2

...

1

:

:

:

:

:

211

183

117

241

12

15

213

273

12

27

3

5

10

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

992

:

TE

F:

2

...

:

:

1

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1

12 554

...

:

...

:

13,590 1,993 2,275

43

41

:

10

Punishments.

Description.

M.

Number of

persons

punished.

F.

M.

H 12

Table V,-Continued.

Kowloon.

Return of Punishments awarded at Magistracy in respect of Certain Classes of Offences dur.

Offences against Individuals.

Against their

Property.

F.

M.

Against their l'ersons.

Against the Clown and Government.

Against Pu

Justice.

F.

M.

F.

M.

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1931

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1933

1934

1

Fined

10,229

10,860 976

1,506

14

11

52

31

15

12

363

201

75

72

45

Imprisoned in default

3,830 8,396

799

596

216

160

14

13

27

24

9

2

1,639

726

121

95

+

13

Imprisoned without option

I 028

1,303

30

32

817

960

13

36

17

5

**

19

37

106

176

Imprisoned and birched

19

25

14

22

LO

3

:

Caned in Court

10

5

:

:

:

Expelled from the Colony

10

:

Sentenced to house of Detention..

F:

2

:

Bound over to come up for Judgment..............

43

11

34

14

៩.

3

1

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Bound over to be of good behaviour

79

170

G

50

18

5

16

51

2

11

Convicted and cautioned

913

642

467

404

5

1

1

12

4

3

:

32

39

2

28

16

13

5

Bound over and fined

22

11

*

:

12

:

Bound over and ordered to pay compensation

5

6

2

2

Bound over, ordered to pay compensation and fined ..



:

Bound over and imprisoned

Bound over to keep peace.

Fined and ordered to pay compensation

Enforcement of Bonds

do

101

28

...

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

18

11

2

1

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

2

Total

16,298 16,473 2,298 2,610 1.127 1.171

30

64

181

151

35

36 2,060

992

214

183

117

241

Classification of offences.

Total No. of Defendants.

Caned in Court.

4

5

}

1933 1934 1933 934 1933 1931 193.

2

3

1933 1934 1933 1934

1933 1934

.933 1934

(a)—Against their property.

Simple Larceny

Stealing from person

Burglary and housebreaking

Other offences

40

57

21

31

14

31

4

6

~:::

2

1

3

2

4212

6

:8-

28

13

250

16

6

Receiving and possession of stolen property.

(b)—Against their persons.

!

Ill-treatment and grievous harm

Common assault ..

Other offences

(c)-Against the Crown and Government.

Currency offences weights and measures etc.

Unlawful Societies

Trespass and damage on Crown Land.....

Opium and lie-enue offences.......

Other offences

140

(d)-Against Public justice.

Returning from banishment

...

:

1

(e)—Against the public peace.

Breach of the peace

2

4

Unlawful possession of arms

1

(9)- Against public morals and police.

N

::

1

...

:::

:

~

4

::

10 O

5

10

6

2

6

Ι

2

1

3

3

::

:

12

2

:

7

00:2

:::::

2

:

15

12

3

2

wi Ni mai -

6

12 21 30 47 33

Brothel

Lotteries and Gambling

Offences against public health

Street hawkers offences

+

443

Obstruction

Offences with firecrackers

Traffic offences

Vagrants and stowaways

:མྦྷཱ ུ:

270

6

23

15

5

96

114

Other offences

21

18

1

3

3

1

3

(h)-Other offences unspecified.

I

3

:

:

:

Begging and touting

Total.........

721 592

7

10 15 44

Caned and Bound Over.

2

34 1933

1931

1933

67

2

ܗ:

2

...

...

IN

:

***

...

...

1

3

4

Convicted and Sentenced.

10

5

1934 1933 | 1934 1933 1934 1933 1934 1933

...

2

*

3

33

:

...

!

:.

:

...

...

*



RETURN OF BOY JUVENILE OFFENDERS BROUGI

Fined.

2

3

5

2

1934

1933 1934

1933 1934 1933 1934 1933 1934 1933 1934

1933

934

...

*

:

...

::

:

:

--



:

1

:

a co

:

N

-:

...

15

21

29





12

1

37

w

2

17

17

24

23

36

37

1

2

1

6

5





:

N

1

1

:

!

:

...

(2) Over 10 and under 12.

2

8

13

36

42

58 40

91

54

(1) Age under 10.

...

...

...

LO

5

Appendix I.

REPORT OF THE LAND OFFICER FOR THE YEAR 1934.

REGISTRATION.

1. During the year 4,441 instruments were registered under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1844,-a decrease of 711 compared with the preceding year.

2. The total number of instruments registered under the provisions of the above mentioned Ordinance (since 1844) to the end of the year 1934 was 145,012.

3. The number of instruments registered each year during the last ten years is shewn in Table I.

4. The total consideration on sales, mortgages, surrenders and miscellaneous land transactions registered in the Land Office amounted to $76,058,138.06, particulars of which are shewn in Table II.

CROWN LEASES.

5. 673 Crown Leases were issued during the year, as against 721 in the previous year-a decrease of 48-particulars are set out in Table III.

6. The number of leases issued each year during the last ten years is shewn in Table I.

FEES.

7. The total amount of fees collected (exclusive of the New Territories) amounted to $110,058.25, being a decrease of $16,807.00 on the preceding year. Table IV shews the Monthly

Revenue.

8. Land Registration Fees in the New Territories amounted to $5,372.80, and Crown Lease Fees to $60.00.

9. The total fees collected during the past ten years is shewn in Table V.

GRANTS OF LAND.

10. The total area of land leased during the year under review was 841 acres 3 roods and 39 poles, of which 634 acres, 0 rood and 38-2/5 poles were dealt with by the District Officers.

11. Particulars of grants, surrenders ond resumptions during the year are shewn on pages U 2 and 3 of the Blue Book for 1934,

I 2

SURRENDERS.

12. 62 surrenders of land required for public purposes (including surrenders under Contracts of Exchange) were pre- pared and registered in the Land Office, the total consideration for those required for public purposes amounting to $749,473.66.

STAMP DUTIES.

13. Stamp Duties paid on registered documents (exclusive of Probates and Letters of Administration) amounted to $290,354.35, a decrease of $115,506.15.

CROWN RENTS,

14. The number of lots entered on the Hong Kong and Kowloon Crown Rent Roll-as shewn in Table VI--was 9,272 an increase of 644 on the preceding year.

15. The Crown Rents on this Roll amounted to $703,709.79 -a decrease on the preceding year of $14,592.80.

16. The number of lots entered on the Village Crown Rent Roll-as shewn in Table VII was 3,431 an increase 285 on the preceding year.

17. The Crown Rents on this Roll amounted to $1,582.75 an increase of $48.30 as compared with the preceding year.

18. The total Crown Rents amounted to $705,292.54 à decrease of $14,544.50 on the year 1933-mainly due to the re-entries and surrenders which have taken place.

DOCUMENTS.

19. 1,319 miscellaneous documents were prepared in the Land Office during the year, being a decrease of 243 compared with the year 1933; viz:-

(a) 673 Crown Leases (with Counterparts).

(b) 457 Memorials for the registration of Undertakings relating to Verandahs and Balconies over Crown Land.

(c) 62 Surrenders of land required for public purposes,

street improvements and private Exchanges.

(d) 69 Agreements for exchanges and surrenders. (e) 55 Memorials of Re-entry.

(f) 3 Deeds of Covenant relating to Scavenging Lanes.

STAFF.

20. Mr. T. S. Whyte-Smith acted as Land Officer from 16th April, 1934 to 13th December, 1934, white Mr. Philip Jacks was acting as Puisne Judge.

April, 1935.

PHILIP JACKS,

Land Officer.

I 3

Table I.

NUMBER OF INSTRUMENTS REGISTERED AND CROWN LEASES GRANTED DURING THE YEARS 1925 TO 1934.

Year.

Instruments registered.

Crown Leases

granted.

1925

4,226

178

1926

4,360

250

1927

4,628

196

1928

4,798

235

1929

4,250

242

1930

5,517

874

1931

6,181

517

1932

6,345

938

1933

5,152

721

1934

4,441

673

Table II.

CONSIDERATION ON INSTRUMENTS REGISTERED IN THE LAND OFFICE DURING THE YEAR 1934.

No. of Lots

Description of

Instruments.

Number registered.

or portions

Total

of Lots Consideration. affected.

$

C.

Assignments

1,112

1,396

23,018,919.89

Mortgages and Transfer of

Mortgages

1,327

1,805

27,317,763.48

Reassignments and Certi-

ficates of Satisfaction

968

1,239

20,957,783.89

Surrenders

62

185

749,473.66

Judgments and Orders of

Court

78

207

Miscellaneous Documents.j

754

1,517

130,444.16 3,882,752.98

Probates and Letters of

!

Administration, (Estate

Duties and Interest

$362,774.15)

140

638

Total

4,441

6,987

$76,058,138.06

من

I 4-

Table III.

CROWN LEASES GRANTED DURING THE YEAR 1934.

Hong Kong

Kowloon

New Kowloon

TOTAL

Victoria Marine

Inland

Rural Building

Shaukiwan Inland

Permanent Pier

Garden

Aberdeen Inland

Kowloon Marine

Kowloon Inland

Kowloon Permanent Pier

Hung Hom Inland

New Kowloon Inland New Kowloon Dairy Farm Sheungshui Indand

Tsun-wan Permanent Pier

Shek O Inland

2 230 37 13 2 6

1

1189 2 2 181

1

1 1 673

Table IV.

RETURN OF MONTHLY REVENUE PAID IN STAMPS TO THE LAND

DURING THE YEAR 1934.

OFFICE

Searches,

Copy

Registration

Crown

Month.

Documents,

Lease

Total.

of Deeds.

and Certi-

Fees.

fications.

$

0.

$ c.

$

C.

$

C.

January February

7,174.00

702.00

4,740.00

12,616.00

5,592.00

455.00

1,650.00

7,697.00

March

5,807.00

571.00

3,360.00

9,738.00

April

5,313.00

632.00

2,490.00

8,435.00

May

6,298.00

649.50

3,960.00

10,907.50

June

6,203.00

591.50

2,280.00

9,074.50

July

6,676.00

590.00

4,350.00

11,616.00

August

5,470.00

535.50

2,010.00

8,015.50

September 4,721.00

466.00

2,730.00

7,917.00

October

4,763.00

520.75

2,730.00

8,013.75

November

4,693.00

560.00

3,270.00

8,523.00

December

4,635.00

590.00

2,280.00

7,505.00

Totals

67,345.00 6,868.25 35,850.00

110,058.25

$126,865.25

1933 Total

110,058.25

1934 Total

16,807.00

Decrease.

:

— Ï 5 —--

Table V.

FEES COLLECTED DURING THE YEARS 1925 ro 1934.

Searches,

Year.

Registration

of Deeds.

and Copies Grants of

of Docu-

Total.

Leases.

ments.

$ C.

C.

C.

C.

1925

65,068.00

4,778.75 5,210.00

75,056.75

1926

65,843.00 4,443.00 7,635.00

77,921.00

1927

67,115.00

5,050.50 5,442.00

77,607.50

1928

72,815.00

6,640.00 6,630.00

86,085.00

1929

63,478.00 5,498.50 7,100.00

76,076.50

1930

84,339.00

7,043.75 25,472.00

116,854.75

1931

94,054.00

7,254.00 | 17,290.00

118,598.00

1932

98,335.00

8,789.25 44,430.00

151,554,25

1933

81,508.00

8,547.25 36,810.00

126,865.25

1934

67,345.00

6,863.25 35,850.00

110,058.25

– Í 6

Table VI.

HONG KONG AND KOWLOON RENT ROLL.

Locality and Description.

No. of Lots.

Total Crown Rent.

$

C.

Victoria Marine Lot

416

80,714.11

Praya Reclamation Marine..

Lot

39

Inland Lot

3,226

2,398.39 246,706.25

Quarry Bay Marine Lot

3

18,914.00

Inland Lot

13

23

4,024.00

Victoria Farm Lot

8

401.55

Garden Lot

45

1,996.00

Rural Building Lot

272

16,701.58

Aberdeen Marine Lot

7

579.16

Inland Lot

83

19

1,150.50

Aplichau Marine Lot

Inland Lot

Shaukiwan Marine Lot

Inland Lot

20

113.88

44

281.48

10

2,308.00

233

5.051.57

17

Stanley Inland Lot

4

4.00

Pokfulum Dairy Farm Lot

4

2,712.00

Kowloon Marine Lot

57

50,911.00

Inland Lot

2,484

126,968.47

Garden Lot

1

1.00

Hung Hom Marine Lot

2

6,140.00

Inland Lot

156

9,234.00

Sheko Inland Lot

4

15.00

Tai Tam Inland Lot

1

1.00

Tong Po Inland Lot

1

1.00

New Kowloon Marine Lot

3

18,938.00

Inland Lot

2,067

64,796.35

Farm Lot

6

272.50

Rural Building Lot

1

42.00

Tai Po Inland Lot

10

838.00

Fan Ling Lot

2

1,898.00

Sheung Shui Lot

7

1,138.00

Ping Chau Farm Lot

1

225.00

Mining Lot

1

302.00

Tsun Wan Marine Lot

5

4,376.00

Inland Lot

15

2,406.00

New Kowloon Dairy Farm Lot

20

1,074.00

Tsing I Marine Lot

1

76.00

Total

9,272

$703,709.79

I 7

Table VII.

VILLAGE RENT ROLL,

Locality and Description.

No. of Lots.

Total Crown

Rent.

C.

Aberdeen

16

47.50

Pokfulam

24

28.25

Tai Hang

156

632.50

Ah Kung Ngam

25

18.25

Shaukiwan

27

15.00

Hau Pu Loong

12

44.00

Wong Tsuk Hang

2

34.50

Tai Hang Stream

16

67.00

Tong Po

1

2.50

Tytam

1

3.50

Tytam Tuk

3

2.50

Chung Hom Bay

1

.50

Chinese Joss House, Bowen Road

Victoria

1

3.00

Aplichau

5

8.00

Telegraph Bay

12

33.50

Little Hong Kong

1,485

265.65

Shek O

327

74.50

Hok Tsui

177

34.90

Chai Wan

723

125.80

Stanley

309

114.20

Wong Ma Kok

108

27.20

Total

3,431

$1,582.75

I 8

REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR OF MARRIAGES

FOR THE YEAR 1934.

MARRIAGES.

The number of Marriages celebrated in the Colony during the year was 325, (of which 153 were between Chinese persons) as compared with 283 (and 115) respectively in 1933 an increase of 42. Particulars are given in Table I infra.

FEES.

2. The total amount of Fees received under the Second Schedule of the Marriage Ordinance 1875, was $3,327.90 as compared with $2,440.00 in

$2,440.00 in 1933-an increase of $887.90. Particulars are shewn in Table II.

PHILIP JACKS, Registrar of Marriages.

Table I.

(1) Marriages by SPECIAL LICENCE, 30.

(a) At Licenced Places of Public Worship.

9.

(b) At the Office of the Registrar of Marriages.

21.

(2) Marriages by REGISTRAR'S CERTIFICATE, 295.

(a) At Licenced Places of

Public Worship.

171.

(b) At the Office of the

Registrar of Marriages.

124.

I 9

Ja

Table II.

FEES RECEIVED DURING 1934.

Fee.

(Total Fees.

308 Certificates of Notice

(Registrar's Certificates)

@

$1.00

308.00

8 Searches

@

$1.00

8.00

43 Certified Copies

@

$1.00

43.00

1 Certified Copy

@

$1.98*

1.98

1 Certified Copy

@ $0.98†

0.98

1 Certified Copy

$0.94+

0.94

1 Certified Copy

Free of Charge

3 Licences to Registrar of Marriages to issue his Certificates under Section 9 of Ordinance No. 7 of 1875

2 Licences to Registrar of Marriages

issue his Certificates

to

under Section 6 of Foreign Marriage Ordinance 1903

$10.00

30.00

@ $10.00

20.00

29 Special Licences

@ $50.00

1,450.00

145 Marriages at the Office of the

Registrar

@ $10.00

1,450.00

1 Certificate of Absence of record

for a period exceeding 10

years

@

$10.00

10.00

1 Certificate of Absence of record for a period not exceeding 10 years

Total

*Excess receipts due to Exchange. +Deficit receipts due to Exchange.

$5.00

5.00

$3,327.90

Appendix J.

REPORT ON THE NEW TERRITORIES FOR THE

YEAR 1934.

DEPARTMENT OF DISTRICT OFFICE, North.

STAFF.

1. Mr. T. Megarry succeeded Mr. E. H. Williams as District Officer early in January.

EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE.

2. Tables I and II show some comparative details of the expenditure and revenue from the District in 1933 and 1934. The decrease, by comparison with the previous year, in the amount of revenue collected by the District Office is largely accounted for by a drop in the amount of premia received for land sales. It is noteworthy however that the amount of Crown Rent collected was the largest in the history of our administration. Table III gives a comparative statement of revenue collected and expenditure incurred by the District Office over the last ten years.

MAGISTRACY.

3. Tables IV to VIII give details of the cases both criminal and civil, heard by the District Officer as Magistrate during the year, and include details of juvenile cases, the number of which happily continued small.

4. The number of police cases heard was about 19% higher than the record number of 1933, and more than double the num- ber heard in 1930. Of the total of 1437 cases, 383 concerned traffic offences and dangerous driving, 373 opium and revenue offences, 197 offences against property, 107 offences of unlicensed or unmuzzled dogs, and 83 offences against the person. number of opium and revenue cases was slightly higher than in 1933, but there was a decrease of over 100 in the number of traffic cases in spite of the continuously increasing traffic on the roads, especially since the inception of the vehicular ferry.

The

There were 14 cases, as against 8 in 1933, of indictable offences not tried summarily. Many of these involved several defendants and in 12, comprising 4 cases of homicide, 6 of arm- ed robbery, 2 of possession of arms, and 1 of breach of deporta- tion order, committals were made for trial,

J 2

5. 39 cases of deaths in unusual circumstances were reported to the Police Magistrate as Coroner during the year. Four Death Inquiries were held. There was a slight decrease in the number of Small Debts cases heard, but an increase in the num- ber of cases in which action by distraint had to be taken to enforce the Court's decision.

LAND AND GENERAL.

6. Complete details of the work of the Land Office are shown in Table IX. In the Land Registry 3010 memorials were regis- tered as compared with 3291 in 1933 and the amount of stamp duty received for such registration was $3,982.90 as against $5,121.40 in 1933. In almost all cases the deeds and memorials in English and Chinese are filled in by the clerical staff of the department for the parties on the prescribed forms, a procedure which throws a great deal of work on the staff, but is well worth while, encouraging as it does registration, upon which the efficiency of the land and small debts administration largely depends.

7. It is hard to give any particular reason for the decrease in the sales of Crown Land, for in any one year an exceptional circumstance like the sale of a large piece of land to a Hong Kong interest may make a large increase in the receipts, which may not be repeated in the following year. More Crown Rent than ever before was paid in 1934, which might show that deve- lopment is steady, despite temporary slackening in the rate of progress; and of course as development proceeds the amount of land available for development decreases, though we may be still a long way off saturation point.

8. Most striking is the way in which the Yuen Long market town is growing. Here during the year some 40 large new shops and family houses facing wide roads have been erected to a regular lay-out plan on a large area reclaimed from the creek to the North of the town. Further reclamation seems probable here in the near future. Development in lay-out areas of course involves Government on recurrent expenditure for the mainten- ance of roads etc. and all such areas will eventually have to be included in the rating scheme proposed for 1935. The work of laying a main water supply to Yuen Long was almost completed by the Public Works Department and the supply should be avail- able in 1935.

9. In the Tai Po Market area there was a normal amount of building development and a new block of houses was com- pléted fronting the Main Road.

10. One or two large European style houses were in process of erection during the year near the Main Road in the Fanling and Yuen Long-Castle Peak areas.

J 3

11. The rainfall at Tai Fo was 94.36 inches, as against 70.07 inches in 1933, distributed as well as might be expected in these latitudes. There were no very severe rain-storms and in consequence calls on the Local Public Works vote (v. Table X) for assistance in repairing storm damage to local dams, bridges and bridle paths were below normal, and a considerable saving was effected in this vote. Both padi crops also appeared ex- cellent, though locally, with the understatement habitual in farmers, the first crop was stated to be 'fair' and the second to be a '50 or 60% crop' owing to an unexpected North wind having done damage before all was got in.

12. The acreage under pineapple in 1934 was 157.08 acres as compared with 141.23 acres in 1933. More and more hillside land seems to be in course of preparation for this form of cul- tivation, which is probably the only form from which hillside soil is likely to give any profitable return. The crops of pine- apple were plentiful in 1934, though the fruit is not of a very high quality. It was said that the market demand for the fruit was weak, but this does not seem to have discouraged still further development in this line.

13. Mining enterprise had a recrudescence and it became profitable to work the few scanty deposits of wolfram ore in the district because of the monopoly established in China, which is said to be the chief source of the world's supply, in this commodity so useful in modern metal industries. Much work in this connection fell on the Land Department of the District Office and the local Police because of the disregard by some of the mining licensees of the conditions of their licence and con- sequent disputes with local villagers over the pollution of water courses and drinking water, cutting of trees, and damage to crops. There was also a good deal of illicit mining going on by 'privateers' in remote places, which occasioned the Police and District Office staff some anxiety to keep in check, as these 'privateers' were disposed to resist if surrounded. In the case of one mine there were two murders arising, it is suspected, out of a quarrel over the proceeds.

14. The fishing industry was again reported bad, though this is hard to understand, for more and more fishing junks are making Tai Po their head-quarters and new fish lans have been opened in Tai Po Market. It might seem that increased competition was being mistaken for 'depression' in this industry, and traditional fears of possible increased taxation do not encourage any con- fession of even moderate prosperity.

15. The production of vegetables as a form of 'dry' cultiva- tion on the less irrigated land, and as a catch crop between padi crops on land mainly devoted to 'wet' cultivation, grows apace and more and more vegetables are being sent into the Hong Kong

J 4

markets. In this connection the provision of increased lan facili- ties in Kowloon for N.T. vegetables as advised by the 1933 committee on New Territories vegetable produce appears to be doing much good in stimulating local vegetable production.

16. During the year a Committee appointed by H.E. the Governor sat to make inquiries and review any measures that might be taken to foster the production of pigs and poultry in the New Territories for the local market. The Committee's published recommendations are still under consideration, but meanwhile it is noteworthy that several additional 'Leghorn' farms have been established in the district.

17. In conclusion I would again put on record my thanks to the leading elders of the district for their loyal co-operation and advice. Their assistance in effecting, subject to the District Officer's final approval, settlements of local family disputes and feuds, which are not always possible to elucidate accurately in Court or capable of the jurisdiction of the Court, is invaluable and indispensable, and I am much indebted to them for the time and effort they devote to finding solutions to advise for such questions.

8th February, 1935.

T. MEGARRY,

District Officer, North.

J. 5



Table I.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE BY THE DISTRICT OFFICE

IN 1933 AND 1934.

1933.

1934.

Personal Emoluments*

$58,414.76 $59,790.51

Other Charges.

Conveyance Allowances

1,725.33 1,724.84

Electric Light & Fans

109.88

131.74

Incidental Expenses......

466.24

425.05

Local Public Works

3,000.00 2,035.60

Transport

1,467.64 1,270.32

Scavenging

1,593.21

1,574.71

Uniform

251.76

224.65

Upkeep of Grounds of Island House...

187.60

188.07

Total Other Charges

Total department

$8,081.66 $7,574.98

$67,216.42 $67,365.49

* Includes officers of Cadet and Junior Clerical Services attached

to the department.

J



J 6

Table II.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE COLLECTED BY THE DISTRICT OFFICER IN 1933 AND 1934.

1933.

1934.

Crown Rent (Leased Lands)

$99,571.45 $101,109.41

Kerosene Oil Licences

1,858.25 1,986.67

Chinese Wine and Spirit Licences

3,031.25

2,536.66

Pawnbrokers' Licences

1,250.00

1,750.00

Money Changers' Licences.

351.00

325.00

Fines

5,868.00

5,532.00

Fines (Land Sales)

1,185.03

1,775.54

Fines Reward Fund

2,877.00

2,242.50

Forfeitures

179.00

118.00

Forfeitures (Land Sales)

68.00

30.00

Distress Warrant (Crown Rent and

S.D.C.)

73.00

372.00

Other Miscellaneous Receipts.

134.00

626.00

Forestry Licences

8,269.58

7,763.38

Permit to cut Earth etc.

6,063.00

9,814.00

Grave certificates

18.50

15.00

Pineapple Land Leases

423.69

471.25

Matshed Permits

4,392.32

4,738.59

Permit to Occupy Land

3,219.62

2,979.05

Stone Quarry Permits

1,322.00

1,131.00

Ferry Licences

6.00

6.00

Certified Extracts

147.00

169.00

:

Sunprints

Land Sales

225.00

45.00

49,440.13

21,257.74

Stamps for Deeds.

5,121.40

3,982.90

Boundary Stones

114.00

522.75

Building

1,500.00

500.00

Crown Leases..

Tobacco Retailers Licences.

1,765.00

1,290.00

Court fees or Miscellaneous fees

27.90

10.80

Widows & Orphans' Pension Contribu-

tion

30.33

Poor Box..

86.47

50.00

Mining Licence

182.50

4,702.50

Mining Royalties

1,122.95

Prospecting Licences

1,000.00

$198,800.42 $179,975.69

Note.

Mining Licences

Prospecting Licences Mining Royalties Crown Rent

1933

-1934

$ 122.50 $4,640.00

Nil

Nil 1,000.00 were paid in 645.48 ( Hong Kong. 3,874.00

3,656.00

- J7

Table III.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE FOR

LAST TEN YEARS.

Personal* Emoluments

Special

Tota!

Total

Expenditure. Revenue.

and other Expenditure.

Charges.

1

1925

38,891.05

38,891.05

140,793.65

1926

37,990.97

37,990.97 138,527.55

1927

43,059.80

43,059.80

123,578.70

1928

46,339.30

150.80

46,490.10

117,383.48

1929

46,371.85

46,371.85

120,580.97

1930

61,273.56

61,273.56 146,300.10

1931

61,241.64

61,241.64

165,014.61

1932

51,663.99

61,663.99

179,033.92

1933

67,216.42

67,216.42

195,021.92

1934

67,365.49

67,365.49

169,816.21

*Includes Officers of Cadet and Junior Clerical Services attached to

department.

Note. Only money expended or collected by the District Office is included in above table and no account is taken of revenue collected by other departments or expenditure by them or expenditure on Public Works, Folice, Medical, Educational and other services.

Table IV.

"}

T OF CASES UNDER COGNISANCE OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS DURING THE YEAR 1934.

TAI PO.

es, how disposed of, and the Number of Male & Female Defendants under each Head.

S.

Total No.

of

Charges.

Defend-

ants.

Total No.

of

Convicted

and

Sentenced.

M. F. Total

Discharged.

Committed

for trial

at the

Supreme

Bound over without further Penalty.

To keep the

Convicted

and

Cautioned.

Police

Supervi-

sion.

Previously Convicted,

Court.

peace and be of good behaviour.

M.

F. Total

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F. M. F. M. F.

52

2+

4

ent

60

*8

41

42

15

1

~ 37

1

16

7

to r.

11

blen

27

71

ZWAN INO-N

14

11

13

34

4

3

87

BAAR VEEN

2

3

2

2254

4

* DNN

13

4

4

63

*42*

72

1422

21

21

2

9

12

1.. ...

53

18022

14

10

70

22

2

20

15

25

13

:

99

20

15

30

...

12

...

T

2

:

::

2

12

10

B

33

5

280

363

182

15

197

94

8

102

17

}

41

5

...

...

4

: : : :

3

∞ -

1

...

వి

:

***

...

- J 8-

...

...

...

1

...

15

...

Table IV,-Continued.

:..

15

Discharged.

Committed

for trial

at the

Bound over without further Penalty.

Supreme

To keep the

Convicted

and

Cautioned.

Police

Supervi-

Previously Convicted.

sion.

Court.

peace and be of

good behaviour.

M.

F. Total

M.

F.

Total

M. F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M. F.

Μ. F.

ABSTRACT OF CASES UNDER COGNISANCE OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS DURING THE YEAR 1934. TAI PO,-Continued.

Cases, how disposed of, and the Number of Male & Female Defendants under each Head.

J

280

363

182

15

197

94

Total

Total

No. of

Convicted

Classification of Offences.

No. of

and

Charges.

Defen-

dants.

Sentenced.

Brought forward..

102

17:

1

41

:

:

:

:

3014

13

46

OFFENCES OF A FUBLIC NATURE,

(c) Against the Crown and Government.

1. Currency offences

3

*

3

4. Trespass and damages on Crown Land

26

34

18

3

7. Opium and Revenue offences..

373

501

375

ང་

21

452

10

8. Dangerous drug and goods.....

4

9. Other offences

10

18

10

13

9214

(d) Against Public Justice.

1. Escape and breach of Prison

1

2. Returning from banishment

33

33

5. Other offences

4

1882

29

22

:

5

NO CO

:

...

1

:

:

Carried forward...

734

961

622

99

721

155

16

171

18

2

42

10

:

:

-J 9-

...

:

27

1

|:

2

3

42

1

Table IV,-Continued.

ABSTRACT OF CASES UNDER COGNISANCE OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS DURING THE YEAR 1934. TAI Po,-Continued.

Cases, how disposed of, and the Number of Male & Female Defendants under each Head.

Total

Total

No. of

Convicted

Classification of Offences.

No. of

Charges.

Defen-

dants.

and

Sentenced.

Committed

for trial

Bound over without further Penalty.

Discharged.

at the

Supreme

To keep the

Convicted

and

Cautioned.

Police

Supervi-

Previously Convicted.

sion.

Court.

peace and be of good behaviour.

- J 10-

M. F. Total

M.

F. Total

M.

F.

M.

F.

M. F. M. F

M.

F.

Brought forward..

734

961 .

622 99

721 155

16

171

18

2

42



:

42

1

(e) Against the Public Peace.

1. Breach of the peace....

18

54

2. Unlawful possession of arms

34

36

3 Other offences

1

海65

16

26

***

::

18

13

26

co 00

1

14

18

4

8

2

:::

(f) Against trade.

(g) Against Public Morals and Police.

3. Lotteries and gambling

34

116

109

C

114

4. Offences against public health

4

4

1

1

12

6. Obstruction

11. Vagrants

5. Street hawkers offences...

9. Traffic offences of a technical nature 10. Dangerous driving of vehicles...

12. Unlicensed or unmuzzled Dogs.

13. Other offences

W~

1

363

..

ន ខ្លួន។

60

53

333333

56

2

4

...

363

286

286

36

36

41

***

1

46

...

20

18

18

2

2

་་་

6

5

5

1

་་་

107

...

107

44

49

47

47

11

...

70

57

5

]

2

:

...

Total....

1,437

1,802

1,237

117

1,354

272

22

294

20

2

67

56

91

1

Table VI.

ABSTRACT of CASES brought under COGNIZANCE of the POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS during a period of Five Years.

CASES, HOW DISPOSED OF, AND THE NUMBER of Male and FEMALE PRISONERS UNDER EACH HEAD,

Years.

Total

Number

of Cases.

Convicted and Punished.

Discharged.

Committed

for Trial

at Supreme

Court.

der of His

Excellency

the Governor.

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

Committed to Prison or detained

pending Or-

Ordered to find Security.

To keep the Peace, to be of Good Beha-

viour, and to answer any Charge.

not appear

absconded.

Escaped before being brought for trial at the Magistracy.

Escaped.

Punished for

preferring

False Charge

Convicted and Cautioned.

Total Number of Defendants.

or giving False

Testimony.

1

2

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

M.

F.

J.

M.

F.

J. M.

F.

J.

M.

F.

J.

M.

F.

J. M. M.

F.

J.

M.

M.

F.

J.

M.

F.

J.

M.

F.

J.

1930

629

580

65

194

1931

655

549

71

17

165

22

20

10

7

...

...

785

94

21

32

746

96

23

1932

882

797

72

13

184

11

1

12

16

3

1,009

88

20

1933

1,238 1,251

103

6

196

20

7

8

52

14

3

1,507

137

16

1934

1,451 1,237 117

4

272

22

Co

20

67

9

...

...

56

1

1,652

150

16

Total

4,855

4,414 428

40 1.011

91

28

20

41

177

37

14

:

56

1

5,699

565

75

A ver.

age

per

Year,

971

882.8 87.6

10. 202.2

18.8

5.

8.2

35.4

7.4

3.5

...

:

56

1.1139.8

113.

18.75

Table V.

TAI PO, New Territories.

Return of Punishments awarded in respect of Certain Classes of Offences during the Year 1934.

Punishments.

Offences against Individuals

Offences of a Public Nature.

Number of

Persons

Punished.

Description.

Against their Property.

Against their l'erson.

Against the

Against

Crown and

Public

Against the

Against

Other

Public Morals

Public Peace.

Offences.

Government.

Justice.

and Police.

- J 11 -

M.

F.

M.

F.

M. F

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M. F.

M.

F.

Fines

700

38

2

129

15

30

2

481

11

49

10

Imprisoned in default

383

69

16

258

63

32

2

61

3

Imprisoned without option..

145

61

1

2

29

3

3

39

Bound over to be of good

behaviour

34

3

...

24

1

1

Convicted and cautioned.

53

2

...

49

...

...

Bound over and fined

15

7

1

6

Bound over, ordered to pay

compensation and fined.......

11

1

7

Bound over to keep peace

32

12

5

1

...

16

2

...

...

2

2

Fined and ordered to pay compensation

3

1

...

4

4

...

...

1

:

...

...

...

Total

1,376 132

84

74

ས་

7

391

81

29

I

70

565

13

163

17

Table VII.

Return of Juvenile Offenders brought before the Taipo Police Magistrate's Courts, during the Year 1934.

་་་

:.

ها

:

:

1

...

...

***

...

...

:

...

1

1

1

:

:

:

...

:

1

:

:

:

:

:

:

A.-Boys.

Total

Convicted and Sentenced.

Bound Over.

Classification of Offenders.

No. of

Defen-

dants.

Caned in Court.

Fines.

To keep the peace and

Convicted and Cautioned.

Discharged or Order made.

be of good behaviour.

1

2

3

4 5

3

10

5 1 2 3

4

5

هد

~

3

5

10

1

2 3 4

Possession of dutiable

tobacco

Possession of opium.................

2

ود

:

***

:

...

:

...

...

1

J 13

:

:

...

1

...

...

...

...

***

:

T:

...

:

:

T

:

:

***

1

1

...

T

:

4:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:..

1

2

...

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

...

÷

:

:

:

:

:

:

.:..

1

:

:

T:

...

:

:

:

:

:

...

...

...

...

:.

:

:..

:

:

:

...

:

...

1

...

:

~

?

:

:

: :

1

1

1

1

1

2

...

...

(1) Age under 10,

(2) Over 10 and under 12.

(3) Over 12 and under 14. (4) Over 14 and under 15,

(5) Over 15 and under 16.

Common Assault

1

...

...

"Cutting & wounding

Ι

...

Larceny of oyster..

1

Larceny from the person

1

:

Receiving stolen pro-

perty

1

...

Possession of offensive weapon

+++

Causing obstruction..

1

:

Total

14

:

Table VII.

Return of Juvenile Offenders brought before the Taipo Police Magistrate's Courts, during the Year 1934.

T

...

:

:

:

...

:

10

J 14

.:.

:

...

:

:

:

:

...

B.-GIRLS.

Total

Convicted and Sentenced.

Bound Over.

Classification of Offenders.

No. of

Defen-

dants.

Caned in Court.

Fines.

To keep the peace and be of good behaviour.

Convicted and Cautioned.

Discharged or

Order made.

1

3 4

10

1 2

CO

3 4

5

1 2 3 4 5

}

2 3 4

5

i

1

3

Possession of tobacco

Common assault

Total...

1

:

2

***

:

:

(2) Over 10 and under 12.

(1) Age under 10.

...

:

:

:.

:

...

:

1

...

...

:

:

:

...

:

...

:

...

(3) Over 12 and under 14.

(4) Over 14 and under 15,

...

:

:

...

1

:

1

(5) Over 15 and under 16.

Cases heard

Writs of Execution

J 15

M

Table VIII.

SMALL DEBTS Courts.

1934 Average from

1929-1933.

205

175

88

37

Heading.

No of

Sales,

Permits,

Licences.

etc.

Table IX.

No. of

Lots.

Area in

acres.

Increase

of Annual

Rent.

Decrease

of Annual

Rent.

Amount

of Premia, Fees, etc.

Amount

paid for

Resump- tion of

La d

Term

of

years.

- J 16-

C.

C.

Sales of Land for Agriculture

49

128

19.65

28.40

C.

3,669.50



C.

75

}}

Building

85

86

3.10

458.50

7,124.00

י

Building and garden

5

1.49

275.00

Garden

7

7

5.21

97.00

"!

Orchard

13

22

25 28

26.40

Orchard and agriculture

1

3

.38

.50

2,522 00

986.00

4,095.00

81.00

*

་.

Agriculture and fish pond

I

1

5.41

5.50

763 00

">

Threshing floor.

16

16

.41

8.90

174.00

""

Garden and Tennis court

1

1

6.44

6.50

702,00

"

Conversions

108

2.80

375 50

151.24

.....

Permits to occupy land for Agriculture

1

1

1.15

62.00

21

4

6

19.32

61.90

10

}}

104

197

135.91

728.73

5

"

**

"

ני

"

other purposes...

2

18.29

182.90

་་

Agriculture

346

558

265 33

1,695 60

55

Extensions

Exchanges

other purposes

11

12

47.93

15

6 2

15

.63

50.90

247.92

987.00

75

2

3

3.47

330 30

75

Re-entrics

Surrenders

121

11.40

91

11 04

42.71

570 48

Resumptions.

Stone Quarry permits

Permits to cut Earth, etc.

26

43.38

77.42

...

3,498.72

96

446

1,131.00

9,814.00

Matsbed permits

Ferry Licences

Forestry Licences

.....

1,016

15.79

4

614

3,881.69

Pine-apple Land Leases

Grave Certificates

Deeds registered and fees

459

157.08

4,738.59

6.00

7,763 38

471.25

...

1

10

30

3,010

15.00

3,982.90

J 17

Table X.

LOCAL PUBLIC WORKS, 1934.

Allocation of Assistance.

NEW WORKS.

Path steps from Shung Tak Street to Railway Station

at Tai Po Market

Bridge to the Salt Pans at Sha Tau Kok..............

$

30.35

200.00

Bridge at Shek Po..........

105.00

Wooden-Shed (latrine) at Wong Ye Au

20.00

Two wells at Tai Wai

250.00

Putting up railings for the bridge at Sam To Hang...

190.00

REPAIRS.

Side Channel near Tsung Hom Tong

50.00

Road at Sha Tau Kok

200.00

Dam across the stream near Sheung Shui

86.00

Path between the New and Old Markets, Un Long,

final payment

784.25

Bridge at Ngau Liu near Kwan Ti

120.00

Un-expended

2,964.40

Total

$5,000.00

J 19

REPORT ON THE NEW TERRITORIES FOR THE

YEAR 1934.

B.-SOUTHERN DISTRICT.

STAFF.

Mr. D. M. MacDougall was in charge throughout the year except during the period 26th November to 25th December, when Mr. E. Himsworth was in charge.

EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE.

2. Tables I to III show comparative details of the expendi- ture and revenue of the department for the years 1933 and 1934, exclusive of the revenue collected for it by other departments. The omission of statistics for other departments' collections, given in previous years, is due to the difficulty of distinguishing such collections in the district from collections elsewhere.

3. The actual Revenue collected by the Department, as given in Table II, has surpassed the previous year's total by $1,629.85. This increase is almost entirely due to a new lease on a salt pan at Tai O together with a demand for sand permits still higher than the high level of last year.

4. Table III contains a comparative statement of actual Expenditure and Revenue of the department for the past ten years.

MAGISTRACY.

5. Tables IV to VIII show the details of the cases heard during the year by the District Officer sitting as Police Magis- trate and Judge of the Small Debts Court.

6. The number of Police cases dealt with was again almost double that of the previous year. The principal increases were among the following offences (see Table IV):—

Opium, Revenue, Simple Larceny, Traffic and other Offences. The Traffic increase was largely due to the fact that the trans- fer from Kowloon Magistracy to the District Officer's Court of all traffic offences in the District was effective for the whole twelve months as against four months only in 1933.

7. There were during the year one charge of Murder (committed in the waters off Cheung Chau Island) and one of Manslaughter (at Heung Che village, Tsuen Wan) which resulted in committals for trial in the Supreme Court.

8. The total number of cases of Simple Larceny and Assault increased 43% but none was serious.

J 20

9. Table VI shows the number of Juvenile Offenders dealt with in the District Office South Court in 1934.

10. The number of Small Debts Cases and of Writs of Ex- ecutions given in Table VIII again increased. Increased defaults among Money Loan Associations, a heavy fall in the price of bean-curd, and loss of business with fishing junks among Cheung Chau shop-keepers, were the chief causes.

11. Twenty nine cases of deaths in unusual circumstances were reported. Four Enquiries with Jury were held and three without Jury (Table IX). Two Coroner's verdicts of Murder were returned and none of manslaughter. In the former case no charges of murder followed.

LAND OFFICE.

12. Table X shows the work of the Land Office during the year.

The demand for agricultural and building land fell off from the very high level of last year but is still above the average for the last ten years. 29.87 acres were sold, yielding premium to the amount of $3,312.90 as against 28.48 acres for $8,861.88 in 1933.

13. The number of memorials registered was 920, showing a decrease of 148 compared with 1933 and the revenue from registration fees shows a consequent drop.

14. The acreage held under Forestry Licences has decreased slightly, portions of certain areas having been surrendered to Government.

15. The demand for sand has enormously increased, figures being 249 permits for 1932, 294 for 1933 and 527 for 1934. This year, however, sand stealing charges showed a marked decrease from 68 to 52, the improvement being due to successful preven- tive efforts on the part of the Police and to the deterrent effect of heavy penalties. The increase in consumption is a heavy tax on the sand resources of the Southern District which will be seriously impaired if the demand is maintained.

16. Twenty five new permits for bathing sheds were issued in 1934, bringing the total outstanding up to 171. The supply of available sites is now practically exhausted. At about $25.00 per shed these permits represent a substantial source of revenue.

GENERAL.

Agriculture.

17. There was no serious damage from rain or typhoon during the year. Except in Southern Lantau, where the rice suffered, no serious damage was done by the heavy rains experienced.

J. 21

་་་་

There was no typhoon damage. The rice, vegetable and pine- apple crops were good. Prices though irregular tended down- ward. Pigs, sweet potatoes, firewood and bean-curd were lower in price but, except for the last mentioned, their volume was well maintained and no hardship felt.

Fisheries.

18. The shrimp catch was good except in Tsuen Wan. Other kinds were somewhat above the average and much above the low level of last year.

Ferries.

19. The Hong Kong and New Territories Ferry Company continues to give satisfaction, and approved schedules were main- tained. The Tsuen Wan run continued slack owing to bus com- petition.

Registration of Births und Deaths.

20. Registration commenced in 1932. The Police Stations at Tsuen Wan, Cheung Chau and Tai O are the registry offices for their respective districts. The numbers registered increased substantially last year at all three stations. 976 births and 452 deaths in all were registered as against 875 and 376 respectively for 1933. There were very few prosecutions and light penalties were inflicted in all cases. Registration is rapidly becoming a habit with the villagers.

Sanitation.

21. The improved sanitation of the streets of Tsuen Wan, Cheung Chau and Tai O resulting from the drainage and con- creting of street surfaces undertaken in recent years has been maintained. In addition at Hang Hau 490 square feet of paved street was completed and $150.00 spent on subsidies for approved pigsties. Altogether $1,475.00, a sum much greater than in previous years was spent for this purpose last year. The efficien- cy of the sanitary coolies paid by Government has been greatly increased by this measure.

Hygiene.

22. For some years Government has provided a travelling dispensary on the mainland and routine visits by a Medical Officer to the islands. The educative effect of this service is considered as important as the immediate benefit to the in- dividual patients concerned.

J 22

23. The opening on the 21st November, 1934, of the Haw Par Hospital at Cheung Chau by Mrs. O. C. Borrett, wife of His Excellency the G.O.C., Major General O. C. Borrett, C.B., C.M.G., was the most important event of the year. This hospital with accommodation for 50 in-patients and 70 to 80 out-patients will, it is hoped, greatly stimulate the confidence in Western medicine already engendered by the measures above mentioned. The demand for medical attention has been satisfactory, numbers of patients coming from Lamma and Southern Lantau as well as from Cheung Chau. The hospital is about two thirds full.

Tai O.

24. Business had a fair year, showing a great improvement on the poor conditions of 1933. Fishing catches were fair, with prices lower and much below the average.

25. The following table shows approximately the results of the fishing season.

Catch.

Price per picul.

Ma Yau

1933

360 piculs.

1934

1933

1934

500 piculs.

$18.00 $14.00

Herring Wong Fa

400

700

$14.00

$14.00

33

4,000

>"

10,000

>>

$12.00 $ 9.00

Shrimps

1,000

4,000

$ 6.00 $ 5.00

""

The recovery of Wong Fa catch to normal volume is very satisfactory.

26. Pigs, cattle and poultry did very well indeed. Rice and vegetable crops were good.

27. The production of salt at 14,000 piculs, a low figure, was the same as last year but the value declined from $13,000 to $10,000. The greater part was exported to Chinese Territory.

28. A Portable Motor Fire Pump was provided by Govern- ment on the 5th April, 1934. The engine is operated by fire- men supplied by the Kai Fong and trained by the Officer in Charge of Tai O Police Station. There was no serious damage from either fire or typhoon during the year.

Lamma.

29. Cattle and pigs were good, and fishing fair with improve- ment on 1933. Rice, vegetables and grass cutting did well.



J 23

Cheung Chau.

30. Business generally was worse in Cheung Chau than elsewhere. The fishing season except for a slight improvement in the Wong Fa catch was no better than last year. Rice and vegetables were medium but not as good as last year. The former were adversely affected by heavy rains and the latter by an insect pest.

31. All market stalls but two were occupied but business was dull.

Shop-keepers have suffered from the poor fishing sea- sons at Cheung Chau during the last three years and several bankruptcies have resulted during the year. Lime kilns did badly and the output of the stone quarry, already low in 1933, fell to a negligible figure in 1934 ($800.00 and $300.00 respect- ively). The Distillery alone reported a good year.

32. There were three fires in the island during the year. Of these two were serious and caused a loss of several thousand dollars. No lives were lost. In June, following a failure of the private fire pump at a serious fire, two, Government firemen, one of whom was paid by the Kai Fong, were appointed. At two subsequent fires the pump worked well and is now tested daily.

Tsuen Wan.

33. Crops were satisfactory but producers were badly hit by declining prices, vegetables alone recording a slight increase in price. Fair business was done in pigs and soy but the fishing junks had another poor year.

34. The Texas Oil Company and the Hong Kong Brewery were busy throughout the year. The factory of the Hume Pipe Company near Tsuen Wan was completed in the autumn and work commenced on a large contract for supply of pipes in con- nection with the Shing Mun Water Works. The Shing Mun works progressed to schedule and were employing over 2,000 men at the end of the year. The rebuilding of the Tsuen Wan village, referred to in 1933 report, was delayed by negotiations to decide the method of resumption to be employed. Erection of the market and resumption of an approved adjacent area dur- ing 1935 were definitely decided upon and $40,000 included in the 1935 Estimates for the purpose.

30th April, 1935.

G. S. KENNEDY-SKIPTON, District Officer, South.

:

J 24

Table I.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE 1933 AND 1934.

1933.

1934.

Personal Emoluments

*$35,604.36 *$27,342.80

Other Charges.

Conveyance Allowances

660.00

647.59

Incidental Expenses

144.29

116.93

Local Public Works

3,630.00

2,355.00

Rent of Offices

+4,900.00

9,100.00

Scavenging

1,490.30

1,490.30

Transport

588.16

644.03

Uniforms

99.52

93.35

Total Other Charges

11,512.27 14,447.20

Total Department

$47,116.63 $41,790.00

*Includes Officers of Cadet and Junior Clerical Services.

17 months only. Previously the District Office was in the

Post Office Building.

J 25

Table II.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE COLLECTED BY THE DISTRICT OFFICER, 1933 AND 1934.

1933.

Fines

$ 3,542.17

1934.

$ 4,175.60

Building Covenant Fines

45.06

Forfeitures

195.65

344.00

Forestry Licences

2,998.90

2,672.40

Miscellaneous Licences

233.00

213.00

Earth and Stone Permits

8,931.00

13,382.00

Legal Costs

100.00

115.00

Boundary Stones and Survey Fees....

338.00

226.00

Crown Leases

60.00

60.00

Miscellaneous Fees

119.75

144.25

Deeds Registration Fees

1,920.50

1,389.90

Leased Lands

*25,263.57

*26,492.60

Pineapple Land Leases

735.18

658.35

Bathing Matshed Permits....

3,849.15

4,647.95

Matshed Permits

803.00

840.00

Temporary Structure on Private Land

904.00

929.00

Permit to Occupy Land

978.70

409.40

Miscellaneous Permits

260.00

Stone Quarries

79.00

935.00

Market Fee

1,597.32

1,537.42

Other Miscellaneous Receipts

28.69

47.50

Premia on New Leases

8,839.75

3,208.00

Revenue Reward Fund

694.57

571.10

Arms Fine Fund

20.00

580.00

Poor Box

5.62

73.96

Total

$62,282.58

$63,912.43

*1. Actual Collections, including normal arrears for previous year.

2. Amount due on 1933 Rent Roll

Amount due on 1934 Rent Roll

increase

$25,331.53

$26,467.64

$ 1,136.11

This is entirely accounted for by the new lease of Salt Pan No. 2 at

Tai O during the year.

J 26

Table III.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE OF THE DISTRICT OFFICE FOR LAST TEN YEARS.

* Personal

Emolu-

ments and Other Charges.

C.

Special

Expendi-

ture.

*

:

Total Expendi- ture of the Depart-

ment.

C.

:

:

:

:

1925

25,329.74

1926

25,946.68

1927

24,646.74

1928 *

23,111.62

1929

23,776.34

1930

39,410.90

1931

36,282.47

1932

42,073.65§

1933

47,116.63

1934

41,790.00

$

Total Revenue

C.

collected

by the

Depart-

ment.

A

C.

25,329.74

42,538.70

25,946.68

40,664.95

24,646.74

12,046.73

23,111.62

39,279.47

23,776.34 40,870.41

39,410.90

46,715.94

36,282.47

51,285.59

42,073.65

56,679.19

47,116.63

62,282.58

41,790.00 I 63,912.43

* Includes officers of Cadet and Junior Clerical Services attached to

department.

§ Includes salary, May to November, of one ('adet Officer on leave.

Table IV.

Abstract of cases under cognisance of the Police Magistrate's Court at District Office, South during the year 1934. Cases, how disposed of, and the number of Male and Female Defendants under each Head.

Classification of Offences.

Total No.

Total No.

of

of

Defen.

Charges.

Convicted

and

Sentenced.

Discharged.

dants.

Committed

for trial at the Supreme Court.

Bound over to keep the peace

and be of good behaviour.

Bail

Estreated.

M.

F. J.

M.

F.

M.

F.

J.

M.

F. J.

M.

F. J.

OFFENCES AGAINST INDIVIDUALS.

(a) Against their Property.

Common Law Offences

Demanding Money with menaces...

1

Larceny by Bailee

1

Forgery

False Pretences

12:2

Larceny by Finding

3

3

Larceny by Servant....

Larceny (simple)...

44

49

42

Receiving Stolen Property.

3

5

.....

...

(b) Against their person.

Assault (Common)

16

26

10

Adultery

1

1

...

1

2

....

...

2

-~

9

:

***

...

44

:

— J 27 —

...

31

:

3

16

75

Kidnapping

Murder

...

Manslaughter

Sexual Offences..

OFFENCES OF A PUBLIC NATURE.

·

(a) Against the Crown and Government. Dangerous Goods

Opium Offences

Possesion of Offensive Weapons...........

Possession of Arms

Revenue Offences.

(b) Against Public Justice.

...

1:312

...

13

26

26

***

69

109

55

4

1

26

22

12217

10

2

19312

...

1

...

Deportation

5

5

5

+

:

(0) Against Public Morals and Police.

Breach of Traffic Regulations

186

186

175

Gambling Offences

10

61

30

11

...

Hawking Offences

5

5

Other Offences

111

114

88

3

10

Sand-stealing..................................

52

87

66

21

...

Total...

565

725

535

10

3

81

2

M. Male,

F. Female.

J. Juvenile,

:

Table V.

Return of Punishments awarded in respect of certain Classes of Offences at District Office, South during the year 1934.

J

28 -

Punishments.

Offences against Individuals.

Offences of a Public Nature.

Description.

Number of

Persons

Punished.

Against

Their

Property.

Against

Their

Person.

Against

The Crown

and

Government.

Against

Public

Justice.

Against Public Morals

Other

Offences.

and Police.

M. F. J.

M. F. J. M. F. J. M. F. J. M. F. J.

M.

F. J. M. F.

J.

Imprisoned in default

Fined

277 6

88 2

11

Peremptory imprisonment

86

2

3 42

5

2

Bound over to keep peace and to be of good behaviour..

16

...

:

...

:

:

9

...

*

24

:

:

:

2

323

62

18

1154

:

10

5

95

10

6

...

10

5

:.

:

...

:

16

:

:

Co

:

:

:

:

:

7

Total.

467

10 3 53

...

...

M. - Male.

19



2

104

P. Female.

2

10

:

159

J. Juvenile,

:

:

128

6

Co

Table VI.

Return of Juvenile Offenders brought before the Police Magistrate's Court at District Office, South during the year 1934.

A.-BOYS.

Total

Convicted and Sentenced.

Classification of Offence.

Defen-

dants.

No. of

Caned and Bound

Caned in Court.

Fined.

Over.

1

2

3

4

5

10

1

2 3 4

*

10

1

N

3

AA

Larceny from

person

(Attempting)

Total

GA

3

3

19

Imprisoned.

4

5

1

2

3

5

10

3

Bound Over

i

To keep the peace and be of good behaviour,

To come up for judgment.

Convicted and Cautioned.

Discharged or Order made.

Previously Convicted.

1

2 3 4 5

3 4

5

1

2

3 4

5

LO

1

2

3

4

5

1

2

AA

4

(1) Age under 10.

(2) Over 10 and under 12. ·

(3) Over 12 and under 14.

(4) Over 14 and under 15.

B.-GIRLS.

Nil.

(5) Over 15 and under 16.

- J 29 -

Table VII.

ABSTRACT of CASES brought under COGNIZANCE of the POLICE MAGISTRATE'S COURT during a period of Five Years.

CASES, HOW DISPOSED OF, AND THE NUMBER OF MALE AND FEMALE PRISONERS UNDER EACH HEAD.

Years.

Total

Number

of Cases.

Convicted and Punished.

Discharged.

Committed

for Trial

at Supreme

Court.

Committed to Prison or detained

pending Or- der of His Excellency

the Governor.

Ordered to find Security

To keep the Peace, to be of Good Beha- viour, and to

Did

not appear

and absconded.

Escaped

before being brought for trial at the Magistracy.

Escaped.

Punished for

preferring False Charge or giving False

Undecided.

Total

Number of Defendants.

J

30 -

Testimony.

answer any

Charge.

3

4

5 6

9

10

11

12 13

14

15 16

17 18

19 20 21

22

23

24

25 26

27

28

29

30

31 32

M.

F. J. M.

F. J. M. F. J. M.

F.

J. M.

F.

J. M. F. M. F.

=

Ꭻ . M.

F.

M.

F.

J.

M.

F.

J.

M. F. J.

1930

197

158

18

47

N

:

7

220

21

1931

159

164

15

50

3

I

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1932

125

133

1)

39

...

...

1933

276

259

3

97

2

30

...

38

15

2.

16

1

2

:

...

1934

521

535

10 3

81

2

3

16

...

2

68

48

75

...

...

:

:



Total

1,278

1,249

57

3 314

13

14

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

***

85

Aver.

age

per

255.6

249.8

11.4

Year.

a

62.8

2.6

2.8

17

:

:

124

1.2

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

232

20

22

...

:

L

193

:

!!

38.6

.་

:

:

:

:

:

1

:

:

:

:

}

:

:.

:

:

...

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

256

16

437

7

:

710

12 3

1,855

76

73

3

371 15,2 .6

“ጎ

M.

Male.

F. Female,

J.

Juvenile,

J 31

Table VIII.

SMALL DEBTS COURT.

1933.

1934.

Cases heard

59

62

Writs of Execution

10

19

Table IX.

CORONER'S RETURN FOR THE YEAR 1934.

Number of Burial

Orders issued.

Number of Death

Enquiries held

with Jury.

Number of Death

Enquiries held

without Jury.

Nil.

4

3

.

1

Table X.

No. of

Amount

Increase

Decrease

Amount

Sales, No.

Area

of

of

of

Headings.

Permits,

of

in

Crown

Crown

Premia,

paid for

Resump-

Term

of

Licences,

Lots.

Acres.

Rent,

Rent.

Fees, &c.

tion of

Land.

years.

&c.

J 32 -

Co



Land Sales for Buildings..

41

41

1.29

114.50

Agriculture...

23

34

28,58

28.30

1,037.90

2,275.00

"

""

Conversion

5

.14

20.00

Stone Quarry Leases..

Permits to occupy Land

10

12

12.19

5

11.22

Permits to occupy Land (Annual).

103

54.49

Matshed Permits on Crown Land

660

6.11

10 00

945.00

36.00

347.30

802.00

C.

C.

75

75

75

5

Bathing Matshed Permits

171

1.51

Permits for Temporary Structure on Private Land.

200

1.98

Earth and Sand Permits

527

Forestry Licences

121

13,590.81

4,201.10

918.00

13,382 00

2,719.90

1

1

1

Pine-apple Licences

355

221.34

664.02

10

Deeds Registration Fees

920

1 389.90

Resumptions

Re-entries

Miscellaneous Licences

Miscellaneous Permits

231

22

27.84

165.64

5,864.71

24

1.05

28.36

107

195.00

45

260.00

14

Appendix K.

REPORT OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL OF POLICE FOR THE YEAR 1934.

GENERAL.

The

The year 1934 may be described as a quiet year. Though a few serious crimes held public attention at certain times, there were no important economic, political, or industrial agitations which called for serious Police intervention. depressed state of trade and industry mentioned in the report for 1933, continued throughout 1934. This state of affairs in- duced still more of the unemployed native population to return to their homes in the country. It may also be regarded as the cause of the number of serious cases of crime remaining high, although the figure was eighty-one below that for 1933. The depression made it more difficult for casual workers to obtain a livelihood, and a certain part of the increase in the number of murders (an increase of eight cases over 1933) may be ascribed to the general economic conditions arising from this depression. The report of the Director of Criminal Investiga- tion, and Table I give a summary of the figures of serious crime.

2. Special precautions in the form of extra Police patrols and picquets were taken on most of the important anniversaries of Chinese and international political events. All passed off quietly. It is satisfactory, and at the same time a tribute to the work of the Criminal Investigation Department, that very little activity by Communists was manifested. During the year legislation for the registration of aliens was introduced. It has worked smoothly and has been of great value in checking the influx of undesirable persons.

3. In Musketry and Revolver Courses, First Aid and Life Saving, good standards set in the past have been well main- tained.

4. In October, 1934, the Hon. Mr. E. D. C. Wolfe, C.M.G., relinquished office as Inspector General of Police, when he proceeded on leave prior to retirement, after nearly sixteen years of service in that office, and a total of nearly thirty-four years service in the Colony.

SPECIAL EVENTS.

5. Safety First Campaign.-A Safety First Campaign, the first of its kind in Hong Kong, was held for a period of two weeks commencing 22nd January.

K 2

6. Safety First advertisements and pamphlets were display- ed and distributed throughout the Colony: pamphlets were dropped from the air. Talks, both in English and Chinese, on Safety First were broadcasted by courtesy of the Broadcasting Committee.

7. A Safety First film depicting common accidents and mistakes was made and shown throughout the Colony. Chinese lecturers addressed the public in open spaces on the principles of Safety First.

8. All schools were circularized and each school conducted its own Safety First campaign throughout the Safety First fortnight.

9. A subsidiary campaign on a minor scale was held from 1st to 14th September. This campaign was conducted on the same general lines as the major campaign in January. In order to impress the importance of Safety First on the Chinese masses the Safety First film was exhibited free in open spaces, and speeches were delivered by Chinese orators.

10. Although the results of these campaigns cannot be described as outstandingly successful, yet the improvement that has materialized, especially as regards pedestrians, de- finitely justified the experiment and it is hoped that a Safety First campaign will be an annual event in the future.

11. Experience proved that Safety First campaigns should be conducted in the Summer and not in the Winter, and that the whole hearted co-operation of the public is essential. While the Police efforts received much support from the public, it is hoped that still greater co-operation will be given in future campaigns.

12. New Automatic Traffic Signal.-On 13th August, a modern Electromatic Traffic Light was erected at the junction of Pedder Street and Des Voeux Road Central, similar to the Traffic Lights recently erected in many of the large towns of Great Britain. This light is controlled by the vehicles them- selves passing over rubber mats set into the roadway. It has lessened the horn blowing nuisance at this busy intersection, and the installation has proved a success in every way.

13. Gas Works Explosion.-At 11.05 a.m. on the morning of 14th May, a large gasometer with a capacity of 500,000 cubic feet belonging to the Hong Kong and China Gas Company, Limited, at West Point exploded, the flaming gas setting light to houses in Clarence Terrace, Chun Sing Street and Yu On Terrace. Within two hours the fire was well under control although the work of searching the debris was not completed for another twenty-four hours. In all forty-two persons were

K 3

killed or died from injuries received and a large number in- jured. Five houses were completely gutted and eleven damaged by fire and water. Apart from the actual gasometer which exploded, no damage was done to the Gas Works.

14. Precautions against Air Raids.-On 20th November, 1934, from 7 p.m. till 7.30 p.m., a practice of preliminary precautions to be observed in the event of an air raid, was carried out. Details of the test had been published in the local Press and by the local Broadcasting Authority for some days previously. The population displayed a keen interest in the operation. The practice indicated the need for efficient warning devices. The test was confined to extinction of lights in the principal thoroughfares and industrial centres. It did not affect domestic establishments in any way, but any future test should include all buildings of every kind. All available Police Reserve and Special Constables turned out for this event, which passed off without any untoward incident. Excellent co-operation was given by the various lighting companies, and by the owners of industrial centres concerned.

15. Native Craft Robbery, Kidnapping and Arrest.-On the 13th April a class IV boat No. 2763V with a cargo of ore was attacked and robbed off the Ninepin Group by seven armed robbers who stole the cargo valued at $1,600, kidnapped three persons and escaped in their own boat. The robbers were dis- covered and engaged by Police on the next day when one robber was wounded but escaped. Another was captured and later sentenced to ten years Hard Labour. The other robbers escaped. The captives were released. Sub-Inspector Stewart, the Officer in Charge of the Police party, was highly com- mended by His Honour the Chief Justice and subsequently awarded the 2nd Class Police Medal, and the Officers support- ing him received commendations.

was

16. Murder. On the 22nd May, Special Guard No. 23 Mohamed Din of Wong-Nei-Chong Gap Sub-Station, murdered whilst on duty at Bowen Road about half a mile west of its junction with Stubbs Road. After the murder, the body was dragged into а storm water drain which runs underneath Bowen Road at the place where the murder was committed. The body was discovered by a party of British Soldiers out for a walk. The loaded Police revolver together with six spare rounds of ammunition issued to the deceased when going on duty, was missing. From investigations made it was apparent that the deceased had been shot dead by a bullet fired from this weapon. At a subsequent Coroner's In- quiry, the Jury returned a verdict of Murder against some person or persons unknown.

17. Murder. At the September Criminal Sessions, after a previous trial in which the jury disagreed, a Chinese male was found guilty by a special jury of the murder of a European boy

K 4

of eight years, Michael Pine, by causing him to fall into the Albany Nullah near the lower Peak Tram Station. The de- fendant himself also jumped into the Nullah, where he was later arrested. Michael Pine was washed down the Nullah through a tunnel into the Harbour, whence he was taken alive but succumbed later to his injuries. Four other children were washed down the Nullah at the same time and were subse- quently rescued.

After the rejection of an appeal to the Full Court, the defendant has applied for leave to appeal to His Majesty's Privy Council.

In this case His Honour the Chief Justice highly com- mended the conduct of the following persons who were con- cerned in endeavouring to save the children who were washed down the nullah:-Mr. Bowles, Army Accountant, Hui Wing Hong, N.A.A.F.I. Canteen Attendant, Yeung Shui, Army Con- tractor's coolie, Sergeant Gaywood, R.A.O.C., and Privates Sellars, O'Kelly, Simmons, McCarthy and Lenton of the South Wales Borderers.

18. Frontier Incident.-On the 17th May a gang of armed robbers entered a grocer's shop at Sha Tau Kok Market with the intention of robbing the occupants. When warned of the approach of a Police Patrol by their scouts, they emerged from the shop and opened fire on the Patrol. Police returned the fire wounding two of the robbers, one of whom died later in hospital. No Police were injured. Nothing was stolen. For their courageous action in this encounter, Lance Sergeant B486 Abdul Majid Khan was awarded the 4th Class Police Medal and two other Indians of the patrol received commendations.

19. Attack on Sheung Shui Police Station.-At 10 p.m. on the night of the 30th November, a gang of armed men, ambush- ed in a field, opened fire on a Chinese Revenue Officer who was leaving the native Revenue Officers Quarters near Sheung Shui Police Station. He ran back, whereupon the gang, con- cealed by a brick shed at the corner of the village, opened fire with revolvers, automatic pistols and shot guns on the front part of the Police Station. Posts were manned and the Station prepared for attack, but the gang bolted after firing a few volleys. Later one of their number was found shot dead on a path about 1 miles N.E. from Sheung Shui Police Station, and the circumstances surrounding his death suggested that he was accidentally shot by himself or by his comrades. Subse- quent enquiries showed that a gang of about twenty men from Chinese territory had crossed the border between Lin Ma Hang and Ta Ku Ling with arms concealed in bundles of grass carried by women, and ambushed at Sheung Shui probably preparatory to carrying out an armed raid on Shek Wu Hui market. They had cut the telephone wires connecting the

·K 5-

――

blockhouses with Sheung Shui Police Station and were prob- ably arranging their outposts when disturbed by the Chinese Revenue Officer. This interruption caused their confusion and subsequent flight back to Chinese territory. Darkness rendered pursuit fruitless.

20. Kidnapping.-On the evening of the 10th December, apparently according to a preconceived plan, an unemployed local Portuguese male kidnapped a Portuguese boy aged nine years in Kowloon. The boy was recovered. At the subsequent trial the culprit was sentenced to twelve months Hard Labour.

CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION BRANCH.

21. Summary of Crime.-The total number of cases (except summonses) dealt with by the Police during 1934, was 33,282 as against 31,289 in 1933, being an increase of 1,993 cases or over 6%.

22. There were 5,549 serious cases in 1934 as against 5,630 in 1933, a decrease of 81 cases or 1.4%. The important de-

10 cases.

creases were:

Coinage Offences

Embezzlement

20

17

House and Godown Breaking

14

"

Kidnapping

6

21

Larceny from Dwelling

There were increases in:

Deportation Offences

Murders

False Pretences

81

""

73 cases.

8

21

46

>>

There were fifty-nine cases of robbery, distributed as

follows:

Hong Kong Island

Kowloon

New Territories

18 cases.

27

14

In 1933 there was a total of sixty-six robbery cases.

23. There were 27,733 minor cases in 1934, as against 25,659 in 1933, an increase of 8%.

PROPERTY REPORTED STOLEN AND PROPERTY RECOVERED.

24. The estimated value of property stolen during the year 1934 was $363,436 as against $764,492 in 1933, a decrease of $401,057 or 52%. The average for the last five years is $764,219. The value of property recovered during the year was $50,551 or 13% of the property reported stolen as against $67,469 or 8.8% of the property stolen in 1933.

K 6-

The decrease in the value of property stolen is mostly ac- counted for in False Pretences, Embezzlement and Larceny

cases.

LOST PROPERTY.

25. A summary of the number of articles lost and recover- ed during the year, with their value, is given below:-

Year.

Articles reported lost.

Value lost.

Articles re- covered and found but not

Value of

articles

found.

reported lost.

1934

359

$ 34,032.

138

$ 1,609.

1933

316

23,568.

129

3,626.

ARMS

26. There were sixty-seven seizures during the year, of which fifty were charge cases and seventeen no charge cases. The figures for 1933 were thirty-one and twelve respectively.

There were no seizures of note during the year. Table VI gives details of Arms and Ammunition seized during the year.

DANGEROUS Goods.

27. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Dangerous Goods Ordinance.

Number of Cases.

5

Convictions.

Fines.

5

$ 760.

GAMBLING.

28. There were 300 successful gambling raids during 1934, as against 310 during 1933. There was one case in which no conviction was obtained.

There were 70 lottery raids compared with 102 in 1933. In one case no conviction was obtained.

-K 7-

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

29. The following table shows weights and

examined during the year:

measures

Weights and Measures

examined.

1934.

Correct.

Incorrect.

Total.

Foreign Scales

241

8

249

Chinese Scales

1,268

9

1,277

Yard Measures

142

1

143

Chinese Foot Measures

228

228

Total.......

1,879

18

1,897

The following prosecutions were instituted under the Weights and Measures Ordinance :-

Number of Cases.

10

Convictions.

Fines.

10

$ 355.

PIRACY.

í

30. There was one piracy on a ship during the year as com- pared with three in 1933.

The s.s."Norviken," 1,779 tons, flying the Norwegian flag, but chartered by a British Company, was en route from Shanghai to Swatow with 216 passengers, when at 6 a.m. on the 13th March, position thirty miles North of Turnabout Island, twenty-one armed pirates who had boarded the ship at Shanghai as passengers, took charge of the ship and stole money and effects from passengers and crew to the value of $7,873. The ship was steered for Chilang Point where the pirates left her at 4 p.m. on the 14th March, taking with them the stolen property and six of the passengers in a commandeered junk. No person was injured. The kidnapped persons were taken to Hoi Fung and eventually to the Bias Bay area where four of them were later released on payment of ransom. Chinese males, one from Bias Bay and four from Hoi Fung, were later arrested by the Hong Kong Police and dealt with by banishment proceedings for being concerned in the demands for ransom.

Five

-K 8-

31. Native Craft.-Three piracies on native craft were re- ported during the year as against two in 1933.

On the 31st January a fishing junk No. 3366HW was anchored at For Kai Point, East of Harlem Bay, Ping Hoi District, when about eighty men armed with rifles and revolvers rowed out from the shore in small boats, and ransacked the junk stealing money and jewellery belonging to the crew.

On the 19th May fishing junk No. 287HA. whilst fishing off the Lima Islands, Chinese Waters, was pirated by eight armed pirates who stole money and effects to the value of $235, then escaped in their own boat towards the Islands.

On the 14th July an unnumbered trading junk, of two hundred piculs, was lying off Yam O in Chinese Waters near Deep Bay when eight men boarded her and fired shots causing the crew to abandon the junk, which, with its cargo, valued at $440, was sailed away by the pirates in the general direction of Macao.

SPECIAL BRANCH.

32. During the year renewed Communist activity in the Colony came to notice in May, but during September and Oc- tober eight responsible communists were arrested and banished. Following these arrests the Colony remained free from organised communism for the remainder of the year.

Communist pamphlets were distributed on only two oc- casions and then on a very small scale. There were no com- munists disturbances and no strikes or labour troubles arising from communist agitation.

FINGER PRINT DEPARTMENT.

33. A summary of work executed in this Department for the year 1934 is as follows:

Year.

Number

of Slips

received.

Number

of traces.

Number

filed.

Number of

Returned

banishees.

Number of

Hawkers

Slips

received.

Number of

Hawkers

traced.

1934

20,626

1933

24,395

6.478

5.357 19,369

20,103

433

6,356

2,501

371

7,562

3,000

Decrease..

3,769

1,121

734

Increase

:

62

1,206

499

K 9-

Total number of records on file-176,550.

During the year twenty-three returned banishees were dis- charged owing to the banishment order having been made on the wrong form of warrant. These persons were later banished on the correct warrant.

The taking of finger prints of unlicensed hawkers was dis- continued as from the 1st September, 1934.

PHOTOGRAPHIC SUB-DEPARTMENT.

34. The total number of photographs taken of scenes of serious crime and accidents throughout the year was fifty.

The total number of copies of photographs issued was 2,315, made up as follows:-

For Criminal Investigation Department... 809 For Police and Supreme Courts

For Special Branch

For Traffic Office

608

726

136

36

For other Departments

PASSPORT AND REGISTRATION OF PERSONS OFFICE.

35. During the year, eighty-five persons of various nation- alities other than Chinese, were put before the Courts for the following offences :-

Vagrancy

Stowaways

Passports

14

9

62

The number of destitutes dealt with during the year was sixty-five.

36. Registration of Persons.-On the 1st June, The Regis- tration of Persons Ordinance, No. 3 of 1934, came into force and from that date up to the 31st December, 6,837 persons registered with this office. Eight of these persons died during the period under review and 1,852 left the Colony. There were nine convictions for breaches of the Ordinance.

DEPORTATION OFFICE.

37. Table IV gives the number of persons dealt with by the Deportation Office during the year. A general increase of 508 is shown. A large number of destitute soldiers of the 19th Chinese Route Army were collected and repatriated during the early part of the year,

1

K 10

CENSORSHIP OF CINEMATOGRAPH FILMS.

38. During the year, The British Film Distribution Com- pany, whose studio had been used for the censorship of films, went into liquidation. An agreement was made with a newly formed syndicate, who equipped and opened a censorship studio on the 5th floor of Kayamally Building. The studio has proved very suitable, and the work of censorship has been carried out very satisfactorily to all parties. During the year the total number of reels and trailers censored was 5,927.

<<

THE NEW TERRITORY.

39. The frontier on the British side remained fairly quiet throughout the year and only one armed encounter between police and robbers in the immediate vicinity of the border at Sha Tau Kok was reported (vide Special Events-" Frontier Incident ").

40. However on the 28th January, a large gang of robbers from Chinese Territory landed on the coast of Deep Bay in the Ping Shan District and carried out a robbery and kid- napping at Ha Tsun.

41. On the 30th November, an armed gang who had cross- ed the frontier between Ta Ku Ling and Lin Ma Hang, fired about twenty rounds at Sheung Shui Police Station (vide Special Events-"Attack on Sheung Shui Police Station ").

42. In practically all the remaining cases of serious crime in the New Territory the criminals were natives of Chinese Territory.

43. Smuggling from British Territory to Chinese Territory (chiefly sugar) continued.

44. Friendly relations have been maintained with the Chinese Authorities who have co-operated with and offered every assistance to the Hong Kong Police.

45. A large wireless station near the quarters of the Chinese Customs Officers at Shum Chun was erected during the year. This station is directly under the control of the Chinese Maritime Customs.

46. A Fire Engine and Motor Ambulance with crews were sent to Taipo for use in the New Territories.

47. A motor boat was sent to Sai Kung for duty within enclosed waters, to replace the pulling boat.

- K 11

48. Fanling Lodge.-The New Territories residence of H.E. the Governor was completed, and a guard house, manned by five Indian Police, was built.

49. The licensing of all dogs was extended to the New Territory (North) during the year with fairly good results.

50. Ping Chau Island (Mirs Bay) and Tap Mun (Tolo Channel) were transferred from Sha Tau Kok and Taipo dis- tricts respectively, and are now under the supervision of No. 1 Police Launch.

51. Ten Armed Robberies, two Attempted Armed Rob- beries, five Murders and one Suspected Murder occurred during the year in the New Territory (North).

ESTABLISHMENT RETURN.

52. Return showing the Establishment and Casualties in the Force during the year 1934 : –

Nationality.

Establishment of the Force.

Enlistments.

Deaths.

Resignations

through

sickness.

Resignations through expiry of terms of service or otherwise.

Dismissals or Desertions.

Total Number of Casualties.

Europeans...

256

26

1

6

Indians

741 45

1

Chinese

950 55

3

Water Police

245 26

4

:267

22

36

5

1708

5

9.



2242

12

32

51.

Total... 2,192 152

9

15

69

29

122

This number includes the Police paid by other Depart- ments, also the Engineers, Coxswains, Stokers and Seamen, but it is exclusive of:-

Superintendents.

Assistant

Superintendents.

Probationer.

Accountants.

Store Supervisor.

Store-Keepers.

Police Secretary.

Stenographers.

Clerks.

Telephone Clerks.

Interpreters.

Messengers and Coolies..

Shroffs.

4

7

1 2 1 3 1 3 31

|10|

75 150

2

K 12

ACTUAL STRENGTH ON THE 31ST DECEMBER, 1934.

Euro-

peans.

Indians.

Chinese.

Total.

Present

235

658

911

1,804

Sick or Absent on

leave

26

95

20

141

Excess over Estimates.

2

2

...

Vacancies

19

20

Total......

262

755

950

1,967*

*Not including Water Police.

CONDUCT.

53. The conduct of the European Contingent was good. The total number of reports against them was eighty-eight as against seventy-seven in 1933.

The conduct of the Indian Contingent was satisfactory. There were 880 reports as against 994 in 1933.

The behaviour of the Chinese Contingent (Cantonese) was very fair. There were 1,014 reports as against 1,120 in 1933.

The behaviour of the Chinese Contingent (Wei Hai Wei) was fair.

There were 508 reports as against 474 in 1933.

The conduct of the Water Police was very fair. There were 224 reports in 1934 as compared with 298 in 1933.

HEALTH.

54. Admissions to hospitals during the past three years are as follows:-

1932.

1933.

Nationality. Establish- Admis- Establish- Admis- Establish-

1934.

Admis-

ment.

sious.

ment,

sions.

ment.

sions.

Europeans.

251

132

250

136

256

164

Indians

726

452

726

556

741

617

Chinese

877

158

915

246

950

223

The figures for fever among Police in the New Territories

during the last four years are:-

1931

1932

1933

1934

93 cases.

108

21

126

150

K 13

MUSKETRY COURSES.

55. The following table gives the results of the Musketry Courses fired during the year.

It may be noted that a revised classification for Marksmen, 1st Class shots, etc., came into operation this year. The minimum required to pass as efficient now being 50% of the possible as against 27% last year for Europeans, and 50% as against 35% last year for Asiatic Contingents.

Contingent

Month 1935

Number of men

who fired

Results

Marksmen

1st Class

2nd Class

Failures

Rounds

pesn

(approx)

Europeans

March

219

Indians

Jan.-Feb.

662

Wei Hai Wei ..

198

14

27

Indian Guards..

53

""

522285

55 61 79 77 276 239

24 8,500 TO 26,900

78 79

27 8,000

8 29 12 4 2,200

GREENER GUN COURSE.

56. Greener Gun Course was held during the year with the following results :—

Department Month

Number of men

Results

who fired Passed Failed

Rounds used

Chinese,

Water Police..

March

58

47

11

350

1935

Indian Guards,

Gaol Staff.

November

75

73

Q

235

- K 14

-

REVOLVER COURSES.

57. The following Revolver Courses were held during the

year: --

Contingent Month

Number of

persons who fired

Results

Rounds used

Passed Failed (Approx)

227 including 9

June

Superintendents 225 2

4,000

Europeans.....Oct.

236 including 8

Superintendents 236 2

4,000

Dec.

99 including 3

Superintendents

98

June

26

25

Russians...... Oct.

31

28

113

2,500

750

875

Dec.

5

1

175

April

611

604

7

16,500

Indians

Aug.

657

643

14

17,500

Νον.

170

167

4,500

Indian

April

38

38

1,100

Guards

Aug.

53

50

3

1,600

Nov.

7

7

200

May

589

548

41

17,000

Cantonese

Sept.

627

618

9

16,500

Nov.

228

214

12

6,500

May.

182

178

Wei Hai Wei.. Sept.

171

168

Nov.

56

56

June

62

54

Water Police.. Sept.

62

55

Nov,

43

38

+0010076

4

5,000

4,700

1,500

2,500

2,000

1,500

NOTE 1: The new revised Revolver Course was fired this year with a consequent increase of failures over last year.

NOTE 2:-The Indian and Indian Guard Contingents fired the 2nd Course at Bowen Road by order of the Inspector General of Police over a more difficult Course with an increase of failures.

NOTE 3:-The 3rd Course fired by all Contingents was fired by all who failed to reach a certain standard in the 1st and 2nd Courses.

K 15

REVOLVER COURSES (Other Departments).

58. The following Courses were fired during the year:-

Department Month

Number of men who fired

Results

Rounds

used

Passed Failed

District Watch-

men

July

134

123

11

4,100

European Re-

venue Officers October

11

9

Q

300

Chinese Re-

venue Officers November

15

7

8

400

European War-

ders

October

47

34

13

1,200

Indian Warders

November 105

62

43

2,700

European

Officers,

Fire Brigade

October

12

10

300

POLICE TRAINING SCHOOL.

59. During the year the following numbers of recruits were passed out of the Schools:

European Police

Indian

Cantonese

11

23

94

70

Wei Hai Wei,,

District Watchmen

Seamen

Indian Special Guards

Indian Prison Guards

29

9

20

12

10

Fourteen promotion examinations were held in 1934.

CC

Special training was given to three Cantonese Probationary Sub-Inspectors and sixteen Chinese probationary detectives. One hundred and twenty D" Contingent Anti-Piracy Guards were given refresher courses." Forty Indian and Chinese members of the Police Reserve were trained in knowledge of Police Duties and thirty-four passed. Eleven members of the Contingent transferred to the Police Training School for instruction on the 21st December. Five returned to Guards Office for duty, while the remaining six continue their instruc- tion into 1935.

- K 16

FIRST AID AND LIFE SAVING.

60. The following return shows the results of First Aid examinations obtained by various Contingents during the

year:

Europeans:-

1. All European officers have qualified.

2. Ninety-seven officers have two certificates.

Indians:

-

1. All Indian officers have qualified.

2. Three hundred and fourteen have two certificates.

Cantonese :-

1. All Cantonese officers have qualified.

2. Three hundred and forty-eight have two certificates. Wei Hai Wei:-

All officers have qualified.

NOTE:-Recruits under training are not included in the above return, although about 86% have qualified. All must qualify before passing out of the Police Training School.

61. The Life Saving Instructional Classes for the Hong Kong Police Force for the year terminated with satisfactory re- sults.

The following shows the results of Life Saving tests held during the year :-

Contingent.

Certificate & Bronze Medallion.

Instructor's

Certificate.

Indian

Cantonese

Chinese Company,

Police Reserve....

19

2

3

3

1

Total number of Life Saving awards in all Contingents to date are as follows:

-:

Chinese

Europeans Indians Chinese Police,

Indian Police,

Total.

Reserve.

Reserve.

31

56

7

9.

6

109

K 17

GUARDS OFFICE.

62. Return showing the Establishment and Casualties during

the year 1934 :-

Nationality.

35t

LO

Establishment.

Enlistment.

Deaths.

Russian Guards

Indian Special Guards ....

Chinese (Wei Hai Wei)

Guards

Indian Police Watchmen...

Chinese (Cantonese)

Watchmen

Total...........

96

13

968

:

:

Resignations.

Dismissals.

Total

Casualities.

Strength on 31.12.34.

76

6

1

1

Co

6

00

8

105

35

90

73

A

96

00

8

87

479

Co

36

95

9

82

15

105

736

† Includes three attached to the Criminal Investigation Department, Police

Headquarters.

One vacancy existed at the beginning of 1934 (now filled).

§ Interchangeable with and drawn from regular duties.

* No fixed establishment; recruited as required.

63. Anti-Piracy Work.-Twenty-six units of Anti-Piracy Guards were supplied to the British India Steam Navigation Company, and eleven units to the Indo-China Steam Navigation Company on the Hong Kong-Singapore run. Twenty-two units were supplied to the Canadian Pacific Steamship Company on the Hong Kong-Shanghai run.

The China Navigation Company retained permanent guards on thirteen vessels between Shanghai, Hong Kong and Singa- pore. This Company retained altogether fifteen full units for this work to enable reliefs to be carried out.

During the annual overhaul of the Canadian Pacific Vessels, the Russian Guards normally employed by the Company were drafted temporarily to the Police Training School for refresher

courses.

(A unit comprises the Non-Commissioned Officer and six men of a guard.)

K 18

64. Conduct.-Police Watchmen: Discipline throughout the year was fair. There were three hundred and sixty-three de- faulters as against three hundred and eighty-four during 1933.

Special Guards: Forty-seven defaulters as against thirty during 1933.

Russian Contingent: Twelve defaulters as against sixteen during 1933.

Wei Hai Wei Contingent: Forty-eight defaulters as against thirty-three during 1933.

MENDICANTS.

65. During the year, 665 mendicants were dealt with by the Police Department. Of this number 295 were charged and con- victed before the Police Magistrates. Of the numbers dealt with,

494 were sent to Canton.

49

46

""

Kong Mun.

Swatow.

4

''

""

11

Amoy.

11

1 was

32 were

Wu Chau.

??

"

Tai Ping.

99

Macau.

H

7

*YO

3

""

Hoi How.

Pak Hoi.

25

San Mei.

Nam Tau.

"

11

4

4

2

21

72

"

1 was

11

Shum Chun

the Tung Wah Hospital.

3 were released.

Foochow.

In addition to the above there were eighty persistent and confirmed beggars banished from Hong Kong for a period of ten years.

Of the total numbers sent away, forty-six were traced as having been sent away more than once in the same year.

K 19

DEAD BODIES.

66. The following table shows the number of unknown dead bodies found by Police in the streets and elsewhere during the last five years:

Locality,

1930

1931

1932

1933

1934

Victoria,

418

366

382

357

289

Kowloon,

669

738

884

881

679

Harbour,

126

115

79

47

27

Elsewhere,

103

76

82

62

61

Total,...

1,316

1,295

1,427

1,347

1,056

Sex.

1930

1931

1932

1933

1934

Male

86

107

40

Adults

Female...

22

17

13

Unknown

936

15 10

සහ

19

1

:

...

...

Male ......

643

664

713

722

564

Children...

Female...

533

489

614

558

444

Unknown

32

18

41

41

26

Total,...

1,316

1,295

1,427

1,347

1,056

DOGS, HYDROPHOBIA AND RABIES.

67. During the year the increase in the number of cases of Hydrophobia and Rabies was a matter of some concern. There were four cases of human hydrophobia (one from Hong Kong and three from the Mainland) and fifteen cases of rabies (all from the Mainland).

Drastic action was taken by the Police to enforce the re- gulations and legislation was tightened, the regulations regard- ing licensing and muzzling being applied to the whole of the Mainland.

1933

K 20

1934

Hong Hong

New

Total

& Kowloon Territory

Dogs licensed

3753

4066

532

4598

Dogs licensed (free).......

33

66

289

355

Dogs impounded.

153

171

4

175

Dogs destroyed

587

633

559

1192

LICENCES.

68. Table VII shows the number of different licences issued during the year.

TRAFFIC.

69. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Traffic Regulations (Section 3, Ordinance No. 40 of 1912):--

Year.

Prosecu- Convic- With-

tions. tions. drawn.

Dis- charged.

Re-

manded.

Total amount of fines.

1934...... 8,652

7,856

387

292

117

$ 38,010.

1933...... 6,757

6,417

132

150

58

$ 42,050.

Manslaughter

1934......

1

1933 .....

1

1

1

70. The total number of persons examined as Motor Drivers during the year was 1,139 as against 1,631 in the year 1933. The total number of persons passed as Motor Drivers during the year was 943 as against 1,340 in the year 1933.

71. The total number of accidents reported during the year was 1,867 as against 1,772 in the year 1933. The total number of fatal accidents during the year was 55 as against 58 in the year 1933.

K 21

72. The total number of Public Motor Vehicles examined and passed fit for public use during the year was 4,165 as against 4,191 in the year 1933. The total number of Public Motor Vehicles examined and found unfit for public use during the year was 917 as against 760 in the year 1933.

73. The total number of Commercial Motor Vehicles examined and passed fit for commercial use during the year was 6,372 as against 6,264 in the year 1933. The total number of Commercial Motor Vehicles examined and found unfit for com- mercial use during the year was 1,847 as against 1,183 in the year 1933.

74. The total number of motor driver's licences suspended during the year was 178 as against 103 in the year 1933. The total number of motor driver's licences cancelled during the year was ten as against twelve in the year 1933.

75. Table VIII gives a classification of vehicle accidents and their causes.

MOTOR PATROL SECTION.

76. The Motor Patrol Section has continued its usefulness during the year 1934. Owing to its mobility and the system of Recall Signals instituted in 1933, it is now easy for any station to get in touch and take advantage of their services, as they may be required, to deal with any sudden emergency that may arise.

All machines are in first class condition and reflect credit on the care taken by the individual officers selected for this important duty.

POLICE MOTOR VEHICLES.

77. The number of Police Motor Vehicles is as follows:

Motor Vans (includes two motor dog vans) 8

Motor Cars

3

Motor Cycles (Dog Cages)

1

Combinations (Motor Cycles)

13

Solo Motor Cycles

14

K 22

EMERGENCY UNITS.

The year

78. The Emergency Units in Hong Kong and Kowloon per- formed very useful services throughout the year. shews a decrease in the number of calls in comparison with the previous year.

Calls."

Fees collected.

Hong Kong Unit-1933

114

$6,043

1934

92

$5,130

Kowloon Unit

-1933

103

$1,109

1934

78

$1,372

MEDALS.

79. His Excellency the Governor was pleased to award medals and commendations to members of the Force for meritori- ous services rendered during the year as under:

2nd Class Medal

3rd

Medals.......

""

4th

37

1

-3

8

6

Commendations

80. The following annexes are appended:

A. Report of the Water Police.

B. Report of the Police Reserve.

C. Report of the Street Boys' Club.

D. Report of the Remand Home for Juvenile Offenders

(Boys).

E. Report of the Remand Home for Juvenile Offenders

(Girls).

Hong Kong, 8th March, 1935.

T. H. KING, Inspector General of Police.

- K 23

Table I.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE 1933 AND 1934.

1933.

Personal Emoluments*

.$2,309,591

1934.

$2,225,802

Other Charges.

Ammunition

20,560

15,673

Upkeep of Arms

3,628

3,102

Bedding

6,659

5,896

Burial of Destitute dead

419

267

Cleansing Materials and Washing.

438

426

Clothing and Accoutrements

89,462

93,655

Coal for Barracks

7,147

9,034

Conveyance allowances

10,149

10.118

Coolie Hire

3,071

3,238

Disinfectants

2,293

2,246

Grants to Villages in N.T. in aid of

Village Scout Scheme

690

480

Identification of Criminals

144

127

Incidental Expenses

6,389

5,767

Incidental Expenses, Remand Home

Juvenile Offenders

186

3,812

Interpretation Fees

425

390

Light and Electric Fans

45,974

51,162

Medals

Mess Utensils

695

1,747

Passages

136,980

182,835

Petrol Oil, etc., for Police Motor Cars

and Cycles

8,385

7,592

Photography

4,980

3,092

Rations for Indian Police

57,397

57,597

Rent of Stations and Married Police

Quarters

19,785

20,861

Repairs to Police Motor Cars and

Cycles

7,925

5,010

Rewards

2,395

3,495

Secret Service

18,257

13,857

Small Stores

7,843

7,467

Special Course of Instruction

643

Subsistence of Prisoners

3,596

3,606

Telegrams and long distance telephone

calls

1,166

840

Transport

12,832

14,947

Expenses of Anti-Piracy Guards

24,157

21,595

Total Other Charges

.$ 504,027

$ 550,577

* Includes Officers of Cadet, S C. & A., & J. C. Services.

K 24

Table I,-Continued.

Special Expenditure.

Traffic Lights

60 pairs Handcuffs

2 Photo Cabinets

Fire Extinguishers

Portable Weighbridge

50 Winchester Rifles

50 Revolvers

4 Motor Cycle Combinations

Recall Signals

$

1933.

2,260

640

829

835

3,769

3,998

5,723

3,962

$

1934.

6,780

1,184

Expenses in connection with New

Edition of Police Service Regula- tions

50 .38 Long Revolvers

50 .38 Short Revolvers

2 Dog Cage Vans

2 Motor Cycle Combinations

900

2,726

2,868

5,570

2,678

2 Solo Motor Cycles

2,378

2 Steel Filing Cabinets

230

Revision of Police Regulations

1,800

1 Gestetner Duplicator

851

Wireless for Mobile Police

Registration Office Equipment

4,605

Total Special Expenditure

.$

22,916

31,670

Total Police Department

.$2,836,534

$2,808,049

K 25

Table II.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE 1933 AND 1934.

HEAD OF REVENUE COLLECTED BY POLICE DEPARTMENT.

Duties.

1933.

Motor Spirit

.$

3,899

1934.

$ 4,025

Licences and Internal Revenue.

*Auctioneers Licences

1,850

Arms Licences

30,960

28,300

*Billiard Table Licences

900

Dangerous Goods Licences

14,928

15,632

Dogs Licences

15,201

18,285

Forfeitures

5,433

3,267

*Game Licences

5,450

Hawkers' Licences

90,320

101,087

*Marine Store Dealers' Licences

13,320

Money Changers' Licences

17,626

16,475

2

*Pawnbroker Licences

198,250

Theatrical Licences

4,637

4,017

Vehicle, Motor Licences

186,433

178,794

Vehicle, Motor Drivers Licences...

43,940

41,532

Vehicle, Other Licences

51,706

48,749

Vehicle, Other Drivers Licences...

2,754

2,294

Miscellaneous Licences

500

3,790

Liquor Licences, N.T.

6,575

6,675

Special Licensing Fees, Foreign

Registration

31,659

28,333

Fees of Court or Office &c.

Blake Pier Tickets

435

327

Contributions for Anti-Piracy Escorts

99,962

103,540

Film Censoring Fees

5,166

5,585

Miscellaneous Fees

12,214

10,008

Motor Ambulance Fees

9,955

8,805

Official Signatures

5,895

6,930

Police and Other Stores

1,318

3,184

Police Services

23,846

20,590

Sick Stoppages from Police Force....

4,581

2,807

Watchmen's Ordinance

16,015

11,553

Miscellaneous Receipts.:

Condemned Stores, &c.

Other Miscellaneous Receipts

Overpayments in previous years

Total..

2,200

2.885

3,866

3,818

5,660

2,201

$ 697,684

$ 903,258

* Formerly under Treasury.

K 26

Table III.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE OF POLICE

DEPARTMENT FOR LAST TEN YEARS.

* Personal

Emoluments

and other Charges.

Special Expenditure.

Total

Expenditure.

Total Revenue.

$

. 1925

1,775,063

137,984

1,913,017

375,782

. 1926

1,748,396

- 96,905

1.843,301

374,549

1927

1,848,626

26,839

1,875,465

393,557

*1928

1,994,910

· 110,899

~2,105,839

448,772

₤1929

2,027,717

57,247

.2 084,964

. 463,148

1930

2,714,291

*38,404

~2,752,695

487,169

1931.

2,950,698

.13,921

2,961,619

613,883

1932

1

2,684,983

27,255

2,712,239

706,387

1933

2,813,617

.22,915

2,836,5 12

697,684

1934

2,776,379

31,670

2,808,049

903,258

**Includes Officers of Cadet, S.C. & A., & J.C. Services attached to Department.

Increase

Decrease

Year.

Hong Kong Banishees.

Gaol Discharges.

Singapore Deportees.

Singapore Vagrants.

D.E.I. & Deli undesirables.

- K 27 -

Table IV.

DEPORTATION OFFICE ANNUAL REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1934.

1933.

3,282

4,564

1,562

1,003

1,353

195

-

1934..

3,218

4,451

1,054

122

1,183

122

2

ཚ་

64

113

508

881

170

73

Rangoon Deportees.

-

5

10

Mauritius Deportees.

79

Sandakan & Sarawak Deportees.

86

7

34

Total number of persons dealt with 1933.. Total number of persons dealt with 1934.. General increase during the year 1934.

Ocean Island & Samoan Deportees.

23

I

13

Asiatic Petroleum Co. Time-

expired Labourers.

Hong Kong Mendicants.

16

619

3

665

->

46

.12,709

..13,217

508

1

3

Hong Kong Police Supervisees.

2,244

Soldiers of the disbanded 19th Route Army.

2,244

NATURE OF OFFENCE.

K 28

Table V.

A-SERIOUS OFFENCES.

YEARLY RETURN OF CRIME FOR THE WHOLE COLONY FOR THE YEAR 1934.

99.2

To co

Charge cases.

Cases without charge.

Total cases.

Charge cases.

Cases without charge.

Total cases.

1933.

1934.

% Charge cases to total.

Europeans.

Indians.

PERSONS

CONVICTED.

Chinese.

PERSONS DISCHARGED.

VALUE OF PROPERTY STOLEN.

VALUE OF PROPERTY RECOVERED.

Europeans.

Indians.

Arms,

57

10

67

77

9

86 89%

2

Assault Sericus),

38

16

54

32

13

45 71%

1

Assault with intent to rob,

3

3

2

2 100%

ထာ

82

32

3

Burglary,

20

70

90

31

59

90 34%

32

...

Coinage Offences,

46

46

36

36 100%

33

7

I

1

3

8



Deportation,

363

363

436

...

436 100%

7

413

Embezzlement,

31

47

78

16

42

58 27%

1

13

House and Godown Breaking,

68

86

154

73

67

140 52%

1

84

Intimidation and Extortion..

1

1

6

6 100%

8

:

Kidnapping,

16

16

10

10 100%

1

9

1

1

11

1

4

Larceny from Dwelling Houses,

Murder,

Larceny,

Larceny on Ships and Wharves, Manslaughter,

Murder, (Attempted),

|

2,230 1,427 3,657 2,229 1,362 3,591 62%

7

2 2,226

:

81 441

525

77 367 414

17%

83

...

62

60

122

65

54 119

54%

76

8

3

11

7

14

5

ཁ་

4

11

63%

...

22 23%

❤42

:

1

1

Obtaining by False Pretences,.

68

22

90

115

21

136

81%

Receiving,

187

187

159

159 100%

...

Robbery,...

19

44 63

22

35

57 38%

...

4

3

I

108

143

Women and Girls,...

16

16

4

4 100%

Other Serious Offences,

56

16 72

77

20

97 80%

w

Co

28

...

5

77

1

...

Total,.

3,373 2,253 5,630 3,479 2,070 5,549

29

4 3,461

3

:

Chinese.

...



c.



8,809.21 890.76

...

16

2 80,075.39

12,009.76 3,819.52

...

157 123,800.49 28,051.78

5

6294

:

88,546.56 9,981.21 3,640.86 1,066.50

1,162.00

9 5,875.03 866.10

28

16 24,719.84 275.40

8 14,796.73 5,600.00

292 363,435.87 50,551.27

C.

NATURE OF OFFENCES.

- K 29

Table V.

B.-MINOR OFFENCES.

YEARLY RETURN OF CRIME FOR THE WHOLE COLONY FOR THE YEAR 1984.

1933.

1934.

PERSONS

CONVICTED.

VALUE OF

PERSONS

DISCHARGED.

PROPERTY

STOLEN.

S

VALUE OF

PROPERTY

RECOVERED

Assault,

402

402

487

487 100%

Damage to Property,.

26

26

23

23 100%

Dangerous Goods,

38

38

31

31 100%

Drunkenness,.

16

16

14

14 100%

N

CO

Forestry Offences,

342

342

390

390 100%

4

581

1

1

98

19

34

4

464

8

***

Gambling,

457

457 455

455 100%

Hawking Offences,.

12,670

12,670 16,030

16,030 100%

Lottery Offences,

402

402 317

317 100%

2,279

15,619

326

463

...

22

...

Mendicants,

584

584

533

533 100%

546

29

Merchant Shipping Ordinance,

488

488

605

605 100%

1,079

27

...

...

Morphine,

79

79 128

128 100%

142

21

Nuisances,

1,046

1,046 942

942 100%

...

2

943

1

30

Opium,

3,979

3,979 2,226

2,226 100%

2,375

128

Revenue,

880

880 1,201

1,201 100%

1,227

42

Rogue and Vagabond,

114

114 144

144 100%

139

20

...

Stowaways,

28

28

20

20 100%

10

3

19

2

1

...

Unlawful Possession,

321

321

309

309 100%

262

...

Vagrants,

35

35

18

18 100%

11

11

Vehicles and Traffic,

1,383

1,383❘ 1,477

1,477 | 100%

5

1,440

...

63

49

...

...

Women and Girls,

873

873 1,107

1,107 100%

1,128

11

...

Other Miscellaneous Offences,

1,496

1,496 1,276

1,276 | 100%

62

15❘ 1,693

2

141

Total,

25,659

25,659 27,733

27,733

107

3530,319

6

1 1,214

...

Grand Total,...

29,036 2,253 31,289 31,212 2,070 33,282

136

39 33,780

9

1 1,506 363,435.87 50,551.27

K 30

Table VI.

ARMS AND AMMUNITION SEIZED AND CONFISCATED DURING 1934.

In Store on 31.12.84.

Description of Arms.

Arms Seized.

Origin.

Ammunition Seized.

Origin.

Arms.

Ammunition.

Winchester Rifles

Nil.

Nil.

9

Rifles, various

1 Shot Gun.

3 Shot Guns.

American Unknown

55 rds. Shot Gun

Unknown

36

9,557 rounds.

German Rifles

Mauser Pistols

Auto Pistols

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

5

German

1,012

German

109

10,823

""

KO HLO O ∞

American

365

American

German

Nil.

Belgian

406

Belgian

63,033

French

24

French

Unknown

191

Unknown

324

Revolvers

14

American

714

American

7

Belgian

25

Belgian

7,099

1

British

51

British

""

16

Unknown

225

Unknown

51

Lugar Pistols

Nil.

Nil.

85

16,962

""

Thompson Sub Machine Gun

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Lewis Guns, Savage

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

4.

K 31

Table VII.

The following table shews number of licences issued during the years 1933 and 1934:-

1933.

1934.

:

Public Jinrickshas

1,108

1,107

Private Jinrickshas

572

493

Public Chairs

388

408

Private Chairs

63

50

Drivers and Bearers

13,182

11,395

Truck licences

130

88

Tricycle licences

595

Motor cars (Livery)

626

538

Motor cars (Private)

2,605

2,846

Commercial Vans and Lorries

729

Motor Drivers (Cars and Cycles)

6,660

6,992

Motor Cycle licences

412

367

Money Changers

174

162

Pawnbrokers

107

79

Auctioneer Licences

3

3

Auctioneer Licences (temporary)

4

2

Billiard Tables and Bowling Alleys...

3

со

3

Marine Stores

40

36.

Game Licences

205

208

Hawkers

12,634

14,080

Dangerous Goods

1,118

1,133

Poisons

114

107

Table VIII.

TABLE OF CAUSES OF ACCIDENTS LEADING TO THE INJURY OF PEDESTRIANS OR PASSENGERS IN VEHICLES.

:

2

:

...

...

:

3

E

:

:

:

14

280

- K 32

8

...

109

3

66

68

1

...

26

36

4

25

25

14

299

:

00

8

ate Cars.

Public Cars.

Motor Lorries.

Tram Cars.

Motor Cycles.

Pedal Cycles.

Hand Trucks.

Rickshaws.

Totals.

Kowloon

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong

Kowloon

Kong

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong Kong

and Kowloon

F

F

NF

F N-F F N-F F N-F F N-F F N-F

F N.F F1 N-F F

N-F F N-F F N-F F N-F F

N.F F N-F

F N-F

F

N.F

2

30

1

1

6

...

10

4

}

:

24

24

48

:

...

:

:

:

6

Co

3

...

:

...

:

...

7

3 37

1 10

ลง

2 27

:

7

:

:

:

:

4

1

2

9

9

...

:

1

1

:

:

1

1

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

...

:

:

:

:

2

3

2 32

222

5

5

10

1 11

·

...

...

2

1

2

1

2

11

2

8

LO

:

5

3

41

13

4

:

1

1

47

1

I

:.

:

3

--

2

2

1

:

:

:

:

1

3

6

1

2

:

:

I

$ 1

། 6

‡ 1



...

10

118

82

1

27

...

10

99

66

8

50

4

67

0

21

434

76

***

8

00

8

:

1

14

1

1

1

2

4

:

1

.:.

...

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

...

:

***

:

:

...

:

:

1

:

2

1

7

:

2

58

1

81

3

7

25

1,867

31

32

1 21

53

1

...

...

19

3

55

949

3

7

10

1

11

2 32

80

ing a European Police Officer. ig a person, sleeping there.

Lorry, leaving in gear, moved into a garage, killed » driver crushing between vehicle and wall,

§ Private car went down side-channel, injuring a person.

656

264

93

9

|| Public car mounted footpath, injuring 5 persons.

Lorry in attempting to avoid another peison ran into a girl sit- ting on side of a road, killed,

9

8

00

Motor Buses.

Table VIII.

CLASSIFIED TABLE OF CAUSES OF ACCIDENTS LEADING TO THE INJURY OF PEDESTRIANS OR PASSENGERS IN

Private Cars.

Motor Lorries.

Tram Cars.

22

27

:

:

7

:

4

1

1

...

:

1 11

1

Motor Cycles.

Pedal Cycles.

Public Cars.

Cause of Accident.

Hong

Kowloon

Kong

Hong

Kong

Hong

Kowloon Kong

Kowloon

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

F

N-F F N-F

F N-F F N-F

F N-F F

N-F F N-F F

N-F

F N-F F N-F

N-F F N.F

F N-F F N-F

11

1 83

2 30

24

7

3 37

1

10

2

...

:

:

...

1

1

I

...

16

10

Walking or running in front of a moving vehicle

3

Leaving or boarding a moving vehicle

1

8

2 61

Stepping off footway

2

Passing behind a moving vehicle..

...

:

:

***

Falling from a vehicle

Running across streets

Playing games on streets

...



2

4

:

:

:

:

10

co

6

3

...

...

:

:

...

...

་་

47

1

1

...

48

:

:

...

:.

:

2

3

2

32

...

10

1

11

...

2

...

:

1

...

2

11

2

8

2

3

41

13

4

1

1

...

5

LA

:..

...

:

...

1

...

:

:

:

...

2

9

...

:

...

1

1

:

:

:

co

3

10

21

:

:

:

...

3

2

2

1

:

1

3

6

+ 1

co

...

§ 1

:

:

1

2

:

:

:

|| 5

‡ 1

...

co

6

93

3 218

10 118

82

1

27

10

99

8

50

...

4 67

...

...

:

...

1

...

.....

2

12

3

11

1

95

2

...

:

:

264

434

76

:

8

2

3

F:..

:

:

1

4

1

10

11

2

32

1

31

32

1

21

1

53

333

80

* Private car mounted footway, injuring a European Police officer. † Private car mounted footway, killing a person, sleeping there.

Lorry, leaving in gear, moved into a garage, killed a driver crushing between vehicle and wall.

§ Private car went down side-channel, injuring a person.

7 30

Passengers on vehicle injured in accident

Drivers of vehicle injured in accident

Other Causes...

Total accidents involving in- juries

Total accidents (fatal, involving injury, and without injury).

*****

230

656

93

|| Public car mounted footpath. ¶ Lorry in attempting to avoid ting on side of a road,

K 33

Annexe A.

REPORT OF THE WATER POLICE.

The following return shows the Establishment and casualties of the Water Police during the year 1934 :-

Nationality.

Chinese

245 26 4

7

10

5

∞o

24

CONDUCT.

2. The conduct of the Chinese Staff of the Water Police was fairly good. There were 224 reports in 1934 as compared with 298 in 1933.

There were 134 men against whom no defaulters reports were made during 1934.

ACCIDENTS.

3. There were ten accidents to Police Launches in 1934 as compared with eleven in 1933. As a result of enquiries held by the Harbour Master into these cases, 4 Coxswains and one seaman were dealt with departmentally. In four cases the accidents were unavoidable with no blame attached to anyone and in two cases the Water Police Staff was free from blame.

CRUISING LAUNCHES.

4. During the year Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 Launches underwent an annual survey and overhaul. No. 1 Launch is very old and cannot be counted as fully efficient as she is only suitable for protected waters. This Launch is to be replaced during 1935. Nos. 2, 3 and 4 Launches are in good condition and their wireless gives satisfactory service.

وو

HARBOUR. LAUNCHES.

5. The Harbour Launches Nos. 5, 6, 8 and 14 are in a satisfactory condition. No. 7 Launch is old and her efficiency is rapidly decreasing. No. 9 Launch is to be replaced during 1935. Launches Nos. 7 and 9 are not fitted with searchlights.

K 34

MOTOR BOATS.

6. Nos. 10, 11 and 12 Motor Boats continue to give useful service. A new Diesel engine has been installed in No. 12 Motor Boat thereby doubling her efficiency. No. 10 Motor Boat is old and her efficiency is decreasing.

A new Motor Boat was supplied during the year for duty at Saikung and the protected waters appertaining thereto, this Motor Boat was called Police No. 15 and is giving very satisfactory service. The Tai O Motor Boat is to be replaced during 1935.

MUSKETRY.

7. The Chinese Deck Staff of the Cruising Launches were given regular practices with revolvers and Greener Guns.

1934.

Greener Guns were supplied to Cruising Launches during

Greener Guns were found to be unsuitable under certain circumstances and a number of Winchester Rifles are being sup- plied to Cruising Launches during 1935.

A half yearly Vickers Machine Gun Course was fired on the four Cruising Launches.

Nos. 2, 3 and 4 Launches fired one three-pounder Gun Course during the year.

these latter courses.

Good results were obtained in both

K 35

Annexe B.

REPORT OF THE HONG KONG POLICE RESERVE.

The organisation of the Hong Kong Police Reserve has re- mained unchanged during the year.

2. The strength of the Force shows a decrease over the figures for the previous year, bringing the total to 210, the strength of the various Units is shown below:

1933.

1934.

Chinese Company

92

91

Indian Company

69

66

Flying Squad

46

27

Emergency Unit Reserve

42

26

249

210

The number of resignations received during the year for various reasons totals 49, the number of members struck off the strength totals 20, the number of members dismissed totals 3 and death 1 making a grand total of 73, while the number of new members enlisted totals 34.

3. The Riot Van has been in constant use throughout the year in connection with special patrol work, and in training.

4. Training has been continued on similar lines, and it is satisfactory to record the continuance of improved attendances and keenness amongst members.

5. Revolver Competitions between Units and between Section Units were held. A team from the Chinese Company proceeded to Canton, and won the Shoot between the Canton Police and Chinese Company, of the Hong Kong Police Reserve. Some very excellent shooting has been recorded.

The same team from the Chinese Company also won the Shoot between the different Contingents of the Hong Kong Police Force.

6. Duties have been performed from time to time as auxiliary to the Regular Police, and Contingents have been sup- plied on the usual ceremonial occasions. During the two weeks preceeding the Chinese New Year, 1934, both the Emergency Unit Reserve and the Flying Squad were maintaining regular patrols at night in various Districts in the Colony.

K 36

Annexe C.

ANNUAL REPORT OF STREET BOYS' CLUB.

The total membership at the end of December, 1934, was fifteen, eight of whom are studying and one working at the St. Louis Industrial School one employed as billiard marker at the Billiard Room, Police Headquarters, one as caretaker of the Club premises, one as a shoe black and three as hawkers.

2. During the year twelve boys were dismissed for mis- conduct and three were allowed to resign.

3. Six new members joined the Club during the year.

4. Mr. Chau Kai Chiu was appointed as Supervisor of the Club on 19th January, 1934. He resides at the Club premises and maintains the discipline of the boys and conducts the educa- tional classes.

During the summer months, by kind permission of the officials of the Chinese Y.M.C.A., the boys were taken twice per week to the Y.M.C.A. bathing beach at Quarry Bay for swimming classes. By the end of the season five boys were able to swim.

6. Through the kind offices of the Directorate, games, drill and gymnastic classes were held at the Chinese Y.M.C.A. every Tuesday and Thursday evenings during the year except during the swimming season, (17th July, 1934, to 11th October, 1934).

7. Educational classes were continued on three evenings per week throughout the year, but little interest was displayed by the boys in this tuition.

8. H.E. the Governor visited and inspected the Club on the 23rd of May, 1934, and during the course of a speech, gave the boys some sound advice and promised them a present of a bathing suit each. $50 was later received from His Excel- lency which was utilized in purchasing a swimming costume and a new bed mat for each of the members. Also during the year, the boys have received gifts of cakes and fruit from ladies of the Colony who maintain an interest in the Club. Mr. Ho Chung U Juvenile Probation Officer has paid frequent visits to the Club and interested himself in the work of the boys.

9. The balance of savings in hand on December 31st, 1934, was $42.61 only $4.00 being added to the account during 1934, while $102.21 was withdrawn.

10. The Club premises are in a bad state owing chiefly to damage caused by white ants and rotting of the woodwork caused by climatical elements.

K 37

Annexe D.

REMAND HOME FOR JUVENILE OFFENDERS (Boys).

His Excellency the Governor, and the Colonial Secretary, visited the Home. His Lordship the Bishop of Victoria also visited. Other visitors included the Police Magistrates.

2. Mr. Cheung Lo Kau of the Chinese Y.M.C.A. visited once a week to lecture on Religion.

3. The Medical Officer paid regular visits to the Home, when he considered it necessary. Boys who were sick were sent to the Government Civil Hospital, where they were put in a General Ward.

4. A Rattan Instructor was appointed during the year, and many of the boys have been instructed in this work.

5. Altogether there were 1,228 admissions to the Home, as follows:

:-

Hawking

Larceny

721

198

Offences against Revenue

97

Unlawful Possession

Assault

17

16

Cutting and Wounding

2

Begging

16

Disorderly Conduct

Obstruction

35

Counterfeit Coins

1

Burglary

1

House and Storebreaking

4

Lottery and Gambling

21

Traffic Offences

20

Soliciting for Prostitutes

15

Receiving Stolen Property

Minor Offences and for Enquiries

55

Total.....

.1,228

Of the above total 30 were dealt with as adults when they

appeared before the Juvenile Court.

K 38

6. 242 boys were actually sentenced to a period of Deten- tion, as follows:

Hawking

Larceny

Offences against Revenue

Soliciting for Prostitutes

Assault

Begging

Lottery

Traffic Offences

Shop Breaking

Receiving Stolen Property

House-breaking

Obstructing the Police

Unlawful Possession

Garage Breaking

Disorderly Conduct

Burglary

Counterfeit Coins

Total.......

114

71

29

5

2

2

3

1

1

2

1

3

1

2

1

1

242

7. A large number of boys were also on short Remands, to give the Probation Officers time to make enquiries concerning their relatives, etc.

8.

The parents and relatives of the boys were allowed to visit them on Sundays from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. On account of these visits boys now entering the Home are more ready to give full particulars concerning their parents. When the Home first opened boys would refuse to give these particulars.

9. The conduct of the boys, with the exception of some of the older ones, was good.

10.

Two boys serving sentences of Detention escaped, and have not been recaptured; a Chinese constable was dealt with at Police Court in connection with this escape.

11. The boys, in addition to the Rattan work, are employed in keeping the premises clean, laundry work and physical drill.

12. They are also taught elementary reading and writing under the supervision of the Chinese Constables.

13. During the year the Probation Officers were instru- mental in restoring to their parents or relations six boys who had been admitted to the Remand Home.

....

K 39

Annexe E.

REMAND HOME FOR JUVENILE OFFENDERS (GIRLS).

The necessary alterations having been made to make the reception of the Juvenile Remand Cases possible, the first girl was received on the 29th September, 1934. Apart from the Superintendent of the Home (Adjutant Dorothy Brazier) there are two amahs employed to assist in the supervision of the girls.

2. Up to the 31st December, 1934, fourteen girls had been ordered detention by the Police Magistrates for the following offences:

Hawking

Begging

9

3

In possession of Po Piu Lottery tickets....

1

In possession of Raw Opium

1

Total

14

3. Seventy-one girls were sent to the Home from different Police Stations. The girls are given employment in Housework, Laundry work, making and mending clothing and each after- noon school is held from 2 p.m. until 5.15 p.m. Games and gardening occupy the recreation hours. There is a room set apart for isolation in case of sickness, but no need for its use has occurred.

K 41

REPORT OF THE CHIEF OFFICER, HONG KONG FIRE BRIGADE FOR THE YEAR 1934.

EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE.

The expenditure of the Fire Brigade for the year 1934 was $328,282.13 including special expenditure

amounting

to

$54,130.56 as against $307,896.00 including special expenditure amounting to $41,786.67 in 1933.

2. The revenue of the Brigade for the year amounted to a total of $10,145.50 derived from the following sources:—

$9,955.00 for 1933, a decrease of 11.5%.

Motor Ambulance Service

Theatre and Special duties

$8,805.00 as against

$1.340.50 as against

$777.00 for 1933, an increase of 72.5%.

STATIONS AND EQUIPMENT.

3. The work in connection with the erection of the new Fire Station at Shum Shui Po was almost completed by the end of the year. When completed, it is proposed to locate one motor fire engine and one motor ambulance to this station. This will relieve the congestion at Tsim Sha Tsui Fire Station.

4. The following appliances were supplied during the year and added to the equipment of the Brigade :·

(a) One Dennis Motor Fire Engine completed with 700/900 g.p.m. pump and two double extension

ladders.

(b) One set (90 ft.) Steel Ladders to replace original wooden ladders on No. 9 Motor Turntable Appliance. (c) Two "Ford V. 8" Chassis with portable motor fire

pumps.

5. Provision was made during the year for the allocation of a portable motor fire pump and two firemen to each of the undermentioned rural districts :—

Tai Po Cheung Chau Tai O Aberdeen.

With the previous allocation of a motor trailer fire pump to the districts of Un Long and Shaukiwan the number of rural districts equipped with a modern fire extinguishing appliance is now six.

K 42

6. All vehicles and fire floats were satisfactorily overhauled during the year. All appliances and equipment were examined and tested every month.

7. The number of Pedestal and Ball hydrants were increased by 25 and 2 respectively during the year: the total number of hydrants now being 1,385 viz:—

Pedestal hydrants:-

Hong Kong (including Peak)

173

Kowloon

132

Ball hydrants:-

Hong Kong (including Peak)

698

Kowloon (including New Territories)

382

Total

1,385

The above were regularly inspected every quarter.

FIRES, LOSS OF LIFE AND RESCUE.

8. Fatalities at fires amounted to forty-nine in all. Forty- one lost their lives as a result of the disastrous Gasometer fire which occurred in May. One person was burned to death as a result of a fire which occurred in a biscuit factory in Shum Shui Po. One person died from burns received from the igniting of 100 lbs. of fireworks he was drying with the aid of a charcoal fire. One person was suffocated by the smoke from a com- paratively small fire which occurred on a junk. Five persons lost their lives in three other fires which occurred in old type tenement houses where their only means of escape by a wooden staircase was cut off by the fire.

9. Five persons lost their lives as a result of collapses and landslides.

10. One person, aged 85 years, was rescued from a fire in Shum Shui Po and six persons were extricated alive from landslides and collapses.

CALLS.

11. The number of calls received during the year totalled 195; actual fires 152, chimney fires 14, collapses 4, landslides 3 and false alarms 22. Compared with the previous year (1933) there was a decrease of fifteen calls. Thirty-four were received by fire alarms, one hundred and forty-two by telephone, four from Police and fifteen from messengers.

- K 43-

12. Of the false alarms, two were maliciously given, eleven were given with good intent, and nine were due to electrical faults.

THEATRE AND OTHER DUTIES.

13. Duties performed by members of the Brigade at public and private entertainments during the year totalled 561 com- prising altogether 3,213 hours.

FIRE INSPECTION WORK.

14. The following inspections were made by the Brigade and reported during the year:-

Theatres and Cinemas

Boarding Houses

Factories and Workshops

Garages

317

103

350

440

Eating Houses

High and Low Flash Inflammable

Petrol Pumps

Kerosine Stores in shops

Licensed Premises (Liquor licences)...

Timber and Firewood Storages

Buildings (Government & Public)

Liquid Stores

83

45

22

85

325

149

928

Dangerous Goods Storages

376

Offensive Trades

5

Firework Storages

304

Neon Light Advertising Signs

86

Vernacular Schools

734

Dance Halls and Academies

33

Fire Service Installations

5:42

Miscellaneous Inspections

Total

190

5,117

The number of inspections carried out each month is shewn in Table IV.

15. Forty-three private fire-hydrant services were installed in various premises during the year.

There are now 225 such installations in the Colony. They were inspected and tested during the year.

16. Two Automatic Sprinkler Installations were installed during the year. There are now eleven such installations in the Colony. The Brigade tests and reports on these installations twice a year.

<

K 44

17. 235 Chemical Fire Extinguishers located in various Government buildings were tested and recharged by the Brigade during the year.

18. The total number of Dangerous Goods Licences in force at the end of the year was 1,026 (fees $11,490.00) as against 982 licences (fees $10,545.00) for 1933.

19. Sixteen prosecutions, resulting in fines amounting to $1,465.00 altogether, were undertaken by the Brigade during the year for contraventions of various Ordinances providing for safety against fire.

LEGISLATION.

20. Regulations, providing for better protection against fire, were promulgated during the year under the following Ordinances:

No. 22 of 1919-Places of Public Entertainment.

No. 34 of 1934-Dangerous Goods.

AMBULANCE SERVICE.

21. The eight Motor Ambulances maintained by the Fire Brigade attended altogether 3,797 cases during the year and travelled 32,753 miles.

The undermentioned summary shews the number of cases attended and mileage during the past five years.

1934. 1933. 1932. 1931. 1930.

No. of cases attended

3,797

4,299 4,418 3,872 3,709

Distance run

(miles)

32,753 34,437 31,635 26,111 26,391 | |

ANNUAL DISPLAY.

22. The Annual Display of the Brigade which included the finals of certain Competition Drills took place in the compound of No. 2 Police Station, Wanchai, on the 14th November and was witnessed by H.E. the Governor and a large number of the public.

T. H. KING,

Chief Officer Fire Brigade.

8th March, 1935.

HONG KONG- Central

Kennedy Town.. Wanchai.. Shaukiwan Gough Hill

KOWLOON :-

Tsim Sha Tsui

Mong Kok.......

Un Long (N, T.) Tai Po (N.T.) Cheung Chau Island

Tai O (Lan Tau Island) Yaumati Harbour.........

Totals

2

6

Full Stations.

Table I.

Stations and Plant, 31st December, 1934.

Stations.

Plant.

"

Sub-Stations.

:

...

1

Motor Fire Tenders.

Motor Fire

Engines (pumps)

Motor Turntable

Ladders.

Motor Trailer

pumps.

Motor Fire

Cycles.

fire pump unit.

with portable

Motor chassis

Fire Escapes.



2

12

2

4



3

4



00

...

Fire Floats.

Motor

Ambulances.

K 45

– K 46

Table II.

Summary of Estimated Monetary Loss by Fire for the year 1934.

Not Exceeding

Exceed-

Month

Under $500

ing

Total

$5,000

$750 $1,000 $2,500 $5,000

$

January.....! 218

2,000 5,000

75,075

82,293

February... 460 830

1,311 4,500

7,101

March

783 1,710 1,800 | 3,160 3,100| 24,550

35,103

April

56

1,000 3,900

4,956

...

May

340 690 1,000 1,080

3,110

June

32

:

:

19,120

19,152

July..

406

:

3,850

4,256

August

280

:

3,000 4,000 17,486 24,766

September..

710

October

603

500

November.. 588

...

December.. 1,176 1,500

:

3,000 4,000 7,785

15,495

:.

:

35,500 36,603

4,500

5,088

43,000

45,676

Total.... 5,652 5,230 3,800 21,301 25,100 222,516 $283,599

Appendix L.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISONS

FOR THE YEAR 1934.

The number of prisoners received into prison during the year and the corresponding number for 1933 were as follows:-

Convicted by Ordinary Courts Debtors

On remand or in default of finding surety 1,185

Total

1933.

10,192

1934.

12,297

62

73

934

11,439

13,304

2. The percentage of convicted prisoners admitted to prison with previous convictions recorded against them was 14.9 as compared with 15.3 for the previous year.

3. 655 prisoners were convicted by Police Courts in the New Territories against 473 for the previous year.

4. The following table shows the number of convicts in custody on the 31st December for the past ten years, and the percentage of the total number of prisoners in custody to the estimated population of Hong Kong.

Year.

Estimated

population.

Number of

convicts.

Percentage

Jo

population.

Daily

average number of

prisoners.

Precentage

to

population.

1925

874,420

394

'045

1,116 *128

1926

786,920

409

*052

1,054

*134

1927

**

890,400 392

*044

1,189

136

1928

*1,075,690

352

*033

1,071

•100

1929

*1,075,690 331

·031

1,075

*100

1930

*1,143,510

256

*022

1,175

•103

1931

† 849,751

202

*024

1,102

*130

1932

1933

1934

900,796 173 *019

922,643 162 *018 944,492

1,114

•124

1,472

•160

157

*017

V. G. 839

L. C. K. 593

•170

F. P. 178

*Probably overestimated.

Census of 1931.

L 2

5. Juvenile offenders are now sent, after conviction and sentence, to the Remand Home (Boys) and Salvation Army Home (Girls).

VICTORIA GAOL (MALES).

6. 23,333,380 forms were printed and issued to various Government departments and 106,499 books bounds or repaired as compared with 22,993,811 forms and 122,901 books in 1933. During the year type to the value of $460 was cast.

7. Other industries in the Prison included matmaking, tailoring, carpentering, tinsmithing, painting, laundering, shoe- making, netmaking and basketmaking, and the usual upkeep work of cleaning and minor building repairs.

8. The Gaol was again overcrowded.

9. The workshop accommodation is inadequate.

10. Two prisoners attempted to escape, one on 28th February and one on 25th December. Both were recaptured by Prison officers.

11.

LAI CHI KOK PRISON.

Garden work continues to give useful employment. Other work done at Lai Chi Kok, apart from the essential routine duties of cooking, cleaning, etc., included string and net making, coir matmaking, basket and broom making and grass matmaking.

12.

There was no escape or attempt to escape.

13. A new Hall to accommodate, if necessary, 200 prisoners was built and occupied.

FEMALE PRISON-LAI CHI KOK.

14. This prison was also overcrowded. Although it was constructed to accommodate 120 (about double the daily average in custody in the old Female Prison) the number in the New Prison has frequently been much higher.

15. Female prisoners are employed chiefly on laundry work and mending. They also do a certain amount of envelope making, etc., and a little weaving.

16. The Lady Visitors continue to attend regularly for in- structional purposes. Sisters from the Italian Convent attend on Saturdays and Lady Visitors of the Church Missionary Society attend on Sundays to give religious addresses. The administra- tion would again like to express thanks to all these ladies for their valued services.

- L 3

GENERAL.

17. 431 punishments were awarded for breaches of prison discipline as compared with 433 for the preceding year. Corporal punishment was inflicted in fourteen cases for prison offences.

18. Thirty-six prisoners were whipped by order of Courts.

19. There was again a marked increase in the number of prisoners convicted in the New Territory Courts, see paragraph 3.

20. Owing to overcrowding in the prisons 233 males were released before expiration of sentence. It was not found neces- sary to release any women prematurely.

21.

22.

tained.

23. good.

The discipline in all three prisons was good.

The health of the prisoners generally was well main-

The conduct of the officers was on the whole very

24. The general health of the staff was good.

25. The site for the new prison at Stanley has been pre- pared and building begun.

26. The opening of the Vehicular Ferry across the Harbour enabled the Department to dispense with the Government launch used for transporting prisoners and stores to and from Lai Chi Kok. This service is now more economically and satisfactorily carried out by Prison Motor Vans.

4th May, 1935.

J. W. FRANKS, Superintendent of Prisons.

L 4

Table I.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE, 1933 AND 1934.

Personal Emoluments

1933.

460,958.95

1934.

434,303.67

Other charges.

Arms and Ammunition

339.62

408.61

Conveyance Allowance to Superin-

tendent

600.00

600.00

Cleaning and Sanitary Materials

5,799.49

6,171.91

Clothing and Shoes for Staff

13,962.87

15,954.18

Clothing for prisoners

Execution fees

Fuel

Furniture

17,116.83

15,846.06

50.00

39,684.48

40,830.24

786.00

668.17

Grants to Chaplains

1,200.00

1,200.00

Gratuities to prisoners

692.00

583.00

Incidental Expenses

2,277.92

2,260.68

Light

10,637.35

12,337.14

Materials for Remunerative Indus-

tries

5,471.56

5,097.03

Materials for Repairs and Renewals...

9,401.75

9,945.19

Photography

2,319.01

2,044.50

Rations for Indian Warders

14,358.09

14,238.99

Rent of Quarters for

for European

Warders

6,780.16

6,854.19

Rent of Quarters for Indian Warders

9,200.00

10,640.00

Subsistence of Prisoners

208,006.50

221,249.45

Transport

1,913.92

Upkeep and running Expense of

Motor Vans

1,611.19

Total Other Charges

348,693.63

370,454.75

Special Expenditure.

Two Printing Machines

30,764.40

Three Ruling Machines

10,142.59

Crossley Chassis

3,313.71

Linotype Machines

14,342.20

Two small Printing Machines

10,506.84

Crossley Chassis

Total Special Expenditure...

Total Prison Department

191.25

44,220.70

25,040.29

853,873.28

829,798.71

L 5

Table II.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE, 1933 AND 1934.

Head of Revenue collected by Prison Department.

Fees of Court or Office.

Prisoners Subsistence

Prison Industries

1933.

1934.

1,886.00 1.878.00

7,282.70 5,338.98

Total

9,168.70 7,216.98

Table III.

Comparative Statement of Expenditure and Revenue of Prison Department for the last 10 years.

*Personal Emoluments

Special Ex-

and Other Charges

penditure

Total Expenditure

Total Revenue including esti- mated value of

prison labour

1925 $460,813.31

$2,013.73

$462,827.04

$126,623.61

1926

475,950.09 1927 500,203.68 1928 493,271.58

3,218.46

479,168.55

153,727,28

636.90 500,840.58

160,417.44

Nil

493,271.58

166,024.55

1929 514,267.37 7,264,36

521,531.73

179,307.54

1930 659,899.39 29,693.50 1931 791,012.42

689,592.89

144,550.53

Nil

791,012.42

170,339.01

1932

755,804.80 24,306.28

780,111.08

207,085.54

1933

809,652.58 44,220.70

853,873.28

217.492.17

1934) 804,758.42 25,040.29

829,798.71

220,622.50

*Includes officers of J. C. Service.

Table IV.

Return showing value of Industrial Labour for the year 1934.

L 6

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Value of

Value of

Value of

Nature of

Industry.

stock on

hand

January 1st

Value of

materials

purchased.

articles

Total Dr.

1934.

manufactur- ed or work

done for

payment.

Value of

work

done for

stock on

hand

Total Cr.

gaol or other

December

8

Value of

Earnings. Difference

between

columns

Departments.

31st, 1934.

3 and 7.

C.

$

C.

$

C.

$

C.

$

C.

$

$

C.

Coir,

Net-making,

4,201.50

458.75

3,946.85

236.73

8,148.35.

695.48

2,738.26

3,891,55

3,984,85

10,614.66

191.15

245.43

364.35

800.93

2,466.31

105.45

Tailoring,

5,368.20

17,682.85

23,052,05

44.70

23,755.36

4,809.14

28,609.20

5,557.15

Rattan,

149.10

486.73

635.93

.10

766.40

162.05

928.55

292.72

Tinsmithing,.

215.40

1,988.65

2,204.05

89.01

4,602.59

473.90

5,165.50

2,961.45

Carpentering,

850.35

3,267.29

4,117.64

78.27

5,498.68

703.45

6,280.40

2,162.76

Grass-matting,

...

26.40

120.00

Shoemaking,

Laundry,

894.30

1,124.30

2,683.92

146.40

3,578.22

427.71

37.25

464.96

318.56

***

56.90

5,192.93

924.17

6,174.00

2,595.78

3,892.34

5,016.64

...

16,791.96

905.36

17,697.32

12,680,68

Printing and

Bookbinding,.

55,109.00

83,313.99

138,422.99

Photography,

41.50

2,044.50

2,086.00

Gardening,

36.20

126.45

162.65

1,797.67

.85

546.18

265,869.58

61,261.67

328,928,92

190,505.93

2,548.68

12.75

2,562.28

476,28

23.20

569.38

406.73

Weaving

214.90

167.80

382.70

352.35

123.05

475.40

92.70

Total,......$

68,689.90

119,959.10

188,649.00

5,543.09

329,943.22

73,785.19

409,271.50

220,622.50

Paid into Bank during 1934, which sum includes $129.80 for work executed in 1933, $5,338.98.

Value of work executed during 1934 for which payment was deferred to 1935, $333.91.

HONG KONG

MEDICAL & SANITARY

REPORT

FOR THE YEAR 1934

BY

W. B. A. MOORE,

L.R.C.P., L.R.C.S., (IRE.), D.T.M. & H. (LOND.).

Acting Director of Medical and Sanitary Services.

SECTION.

M.3

INDEX.

CONTENTS.

Page

7

18

INTRODUCTION

I. ADMINISTRATION

II. PUBLIC HEALTH:-

PART I.-VITAL STATISTICS :-

(a) POPULATION

29

(b) BIRTHS AND DEATHS REGISTRATION...........

30

(c) BIRTH STATISTICS

30

(d) DEATH STATISTICS

31

(e) VITAL STATISTICS OF EUROPEAN CIVILIAN

POPULATION

PART II-HEALTH CONDITIONS:-

(a) GENERAL REMARKS

(b) MALARIA

33333

34

34

(c) OTHER INFECTIOUS DISEASES.

(i) Pulmonary Tuberculosis

35

35

(ii) Smallpox

36

(iii) Plague

36

(iv) Cerebro-Spinal Fever

37

(v) Diphtheria

37

(vi) Enteric

37

(vii) Leprosy

38

38

(viii) Rabies

III. HYGIENE AND SANITATION:-

A. GENERAL REMARKS-ADMINISTRA-

TION

B. PREVENTIVE MEASURES AGAINST MOSQUITOES AND INSECT BORNE DISEASES

39

40

C. GENERAL MEASURES OF SANITA-

TION:

(a) DOMESTIC CLEANLINESS

41

(b) SCAVENGING

41

(c) CONSERVANCY AND SEWERAGE ·

42

(d) DRAINAGE

42

(e) WATER SUPPLIES

42

(f) COMMON LODGING HOUSES

43

SECTION.

M 4

INDEX.

CONTENTS.

Page

D. SCHOOL HYGIENE .....

43

E. LABOUR CONDITIONS

45

F. HOUSING AND TOWN PLANNING

45

G. FOOD IN RELATION TO HEALTH AND

DISEASES :-

(a) INSPECTION AND CONTROL OF FOOD

SUPPLIES

48

(b) MARKETS, SLAUGHTER HOUSES AND

DAIRIES

48

(c) DEFICIENCY DISEASES

49

(d) MEASURES TAKEN TO SPREAD THE KNOW-

LEDGE OF HYGIENE AND SANITATION

49

50

(e) TRAINING OF SANITARY PERSONNEL

IV. PORT HEALTH WORK AND AD-

MINISTRATION:-

A. GENERAL

51

B. QUARANTINE

52

C. EMIGRATION

52

D. DISINFECTION AND FUMIGATION ...

53

E. VACCINATION

53

F. TABLES I, II, III, IV, V, VI

54

V. MATERNITY AND CHILD WEL-

FARE:

A. MATERNITY HOSPITAL ACCOMMODA-

TION

B. MIDWIVES

698

57

58

C. ANTE-NATAL AND INFANT WELFARE

WORK

59

D. GOVERNMENT INFANT WELFARE

CENTRES

59

E. ALICE MEMORIAL INFANT WELFARE

CENTRE

62

F. THE CHINESE HOSPITALS INFANT

WELFARE CENTRE

62

SECTION.

- M 5

-

INDEX.

CONTENTS.

VI. HOSPITALS, INSTITUTES,

ETC.:

A. GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS :-

Page

GOVERNMENT CIVIL HOSPITAL

VICTORIA HOSPITAL

8888

63

66

KOWLOON HOSPITAL

67

TSAN YUK HOSPITAL

69

VENEREAL DISEASES CLINICS

70

X-RAY DEPARTMENT

73

22

GOVERNMENT DISPENSARIES

75

GOVERNMENT INFECTIOUS DISEASES

75

HOSPITAL

B. CHINESE HOSPITALS AND DISPEN-

SARIES:-

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL

78

KWONG WAH HOSPITAL..

TUNG WAH EASTERN HOSPITAL

79

80

TUNG WAH SMALLPOX HOSPITAL

81

WANCHAI OR EASTERN MATERNITY

HOSPITAL

82

CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES (9 IN

ALL)

83

VII. PRISONS

VIII. METEOROLOGY

IX. SCIENTIFIC:-

88888

86

90

A. BACTERIOLOGICAL INSTITUTE

91

B. THE PUBLIC MORTUARIES:

(a) PUBLIC MORTUARY, VICTORIA...... (b) PUBLIC MORTUARY, KOWLOON..

92

93

X. THE NEW TERRITORIES-

PUBLIC HEALTH AND SANITA- TION

94

Appendix M.

ANNUAL MEDICAL REFORT FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31st DECEMBER, 1934.

Introduction.

Geographical Features.

In order to give a clear impression of the Public Health conditions obtaining in Hong Kong, it is necessary first to describe the situation of the Colony, its geographical features, its climate, the nature of the population, the housing conditions and the bearing old Chinese traditions, beliefs, and customs, have on the question of co-operation with the authorities in the promotion and preservation of the Public Health. It is also desirable to indicate the various organisations which together make up the Public Health machinery.

2. The Territory under British jurisdiction includes the Colony Proper, namely, the Island of Hong Kong with the Peninsula of Kowloon, and the New Territories. In this Report the term Colony means the Colony Proper. The area of the Island is 32 square miles-that of Kowloon is 2.2/3rd. square miles while the New Territories have approximately 300 square miles.

3. Situated between 22°9′ and 22°37′ North Latitude the area under discussion is just within the northern limits of the tropics. It is in fact practically on the same level as Calcutta. It may be said to form the lower extremity of the left bank of the estuary of the Canton River, at the head of which is the City of Canton and on an island in which stands the Portuguese Colony of Macao.

4. Topographically the Island of Hong Kong and the Penin- sula of Kowloon may be described as a series of granite ridges separated by narrow valleys and having here and there flat areas facing the sea. The New Territory is of similar formation with some fairly wide valleys towards the north and west. The features are such that flats suitable for town sites are few in number and limited in extent. In the Island the only level of any size is that on which the City of Victoria stands and this does not cover more than one square mile. With regard to Kowloon, not more than one half is flat and convenient for street formation.

M 7

M 8

The Climate.

5. Situated just within the northern limits of the tropics and occupying an insular position immediately south of the great land mass of China, Hong Kong's climate is very materially influenced by the direction of the prevailing winds. The North East Monsoon blows from November until April and during this period the weather is dry and cool and invigorating. From May until October, the season of the South West Monsoon, the air is highly charged with moisture and the climate is hot, muggy and enervating. July, August, and September are marked by atmos- pheric disturbances which now and then culminate in typhoons or cyclones accompanied by blinding sheets of rain.

6. The mean annual temperature is 72°F. During the summer months the average temperature is 87°F, and there is little variation throughout the twenty-four hours. Situated on the north side of the Island the City of Victoria gets all the heat and moisture of the South West Monsoon but not the breeze, which is cut off by the mountains behind the town. During the winter months the range of temperature is from 70°F. to 45°F. with an average 66°F. necessitating for comfort the wear- ing of warm-clothes and the provision of fires in the houses. Frost is practically unknown.

7. The average yearly rainfall is 85.72 inches. As might be expected most of the rain falls in the summer months.

Population and its distribution.

8. Hong Kong which depends for its prosperity on its trade with China has three fourths of its population concentrated in the cities of Victoria and Kowloon which may justly be described as one city divided into two by the harbour. Outside this city there is little of commercial importance and Hong Kong as a Colony might almost be termed the city and port of Greater Hong Kong.

9. With regard to the numbers, except in census years, there are no accurate statistical figures, the great movement to and from the Colony and the facility with which the border is crossed preventing accurate checking. Hong Kong being the principal entrepôt for South China and its harbour one of the busiest in the world, every day on an average 5,000 to 6,000 individuals pass to and from China by river steamer or by rail and there are others who arrive and depart by junks or smaller vessels. Dur- ing times of political unrest in China many thousands from the mainland sojourn in the Colony, some of whom return to their homes when conditions are more settled, others remaining attracted by the opportunities offered for employment.

M 9

10. The total civil population of the Colony is estimated to exceed 900,000, of which some 400,000 reside in the City of Victoria, 300,000 in the town of Kowloon, over 100,000 on boats in the waters of the Colony and the remainder in villages.

11. There are over 20,000 local boats registered at the Har- bour Office, the occupants of each of which vary in number from four to forty, according to the size and character of the craft. The Harbour Authorities believe the population to be 150,000 and certainly 100,000 cannot be an overestimate.

12. Of the total population over 97 per cent are Chinese. According to the Census Report one third of the whole were born in the Colony. The remainder are mostly those who have come from China attracted by the facilities offered for employment. Many return to their native towns or villages when too ill or too old for labour. Through this exodus the death rate in the Colony is considerably lower than it otherwise would be.

13. The masses are working people belonging to what is commonly described as the coolie class. The Chinese of the upper classes, many of whom have received a western education, are mostly engaged in commerce but there are among them a number of professional men including both lawyers and doctors.

Housing Conditions.

14. The town plans of Victoria and Kowloon are widely different: the former may be described as old-fashioned and irregular, the latter as modern and regular.

15. The site on which Victoria stands is a narrow strip of land 4 miles long by 1/5th. to 2/5ths. of a mile broad lying at the northern foot of the mountain and separating it from the sea. The total area of available space is about one square mile or 1/32nd. of that of the whole island. Limited in front by the sea and behind by the steep slopes of the mountain there remains hardly an inch of space which has not been occupied for one purpose or another.

16. That portion of the town where the working classes reside and described in the Census Report as 'Health Districts 4, 5, 6, 6A, 7, 7A, 8 (restricted), 9 and 10A (restricted), forming the lower part of the town fronting on Victoria Harbour' has an area of roughly 200 acres and in this space nearly 200,000 individuals find accommodation giving a density of approximately 1,000 per acre.

M 10

17. The conformation of the site with its rapid rise of land near the sea-shore led in the early days to the erection of houses on the narrow strip of land near the harbour and extending a little way up the lower slopes of the mountain the houses being separated by narrow lanes and alleyways. When the population was small and the houses only one and two stories in height, the situation was not unsatisfactory. As the population in- creased the houses were heightened to four and five stories without any corresponding widening of the spaces separating them.

18. Year by year the population continued to increase, im- migration being accelerated by unrest in China. Victoria was the centre of trade and therefore the centre of attraction. There was little room to build further accommodation and the new- comers had to squeeze into the already overcrowded premises. Rooms were divided into cubicles which to a certain extent provided privacy but which interfered both with lighting and ventilation.

19. In some houses there are tiers of bunks placed against the walls, in others the rooms are divided into cubicles or cabins each measuring perhaps eight feet by eight feet and having par- titions 6 feet in height. There cabins are not the temporary abodes of persons on a voyage but the more or less permanent homes of the people. There is little or no room for kitchens, and latrine accommodation is often limited to pail closets on the roofs of the buildings.

20. Year by year the Sanitary Department and the Building Authority have made efforts to improve the situation and with a considerable amount of success both as regards palliative and radical treatment. The task almost sisyphean in itself was rendered more difficult by paucity of water and by opposition put forward both by property owners and the occupiers.

21. It goes without saying that the maintenance of a satis- factory standard of sanitation under such conditions is a most difficult problem and one which cannot be solved without the willing co-operation of the people. One thing is certain, so long as buildings are overcrowded and insanitary, no amount of external sanitation will give immunity from disease.

22. Within the last few years some 70 acres have been added to the eastern section of the town by reclamation from the sea. This locality which is known as the Praya East Reclamation hus

M 11

been laid out in accordance with modern town planning prin- ciples, with wide streets, short lots and back-lanes. The greater part of it is now covered with dwelling houses which satisfy sanitary requirements. The density here is not more than 300 per acre.

23. Kowloon which is a comparatively new city has been town-planned on up-to-date lines with straight broad streets and back lanes. During the intercensus period 1921-1931 it increased in population 113.06 per cent. It is still rapidly growing and in a few years will equal Victoria or even exceed it. According to the census the density of population is 300 per acre.

Influence of traditional beliefs.

24. The traditional beliefs of the uneducated Chinese as to the cause of diseases, the means of spread and the factors which affect its course are so at variance with modern teaching that there is little chance of promoting voluntary co-operation be- tween them and the authorities in the matter of the prevention and control of disease until they can be brought to understand the true nature of the problems and are conscious of the useful- ness of the measures advocated. The proximity of China and the constant intercourse make it harder to overcome prejudices than is the case in countries further afield. The greatest hope lies in propaganda and education brought to the homes through public health nurses working as district visitors or in infant welfare centres and school welfare centres.

25. Propaganda which does not arouse the interest of the mother and her children has little practical value. However, leaders of opinion in China and leaders of Chinese thought in Hong Kong are making vigorous efforts to promote public health and public welfare along lines which have proved successful in the Occident, and the outlook is far more hopeful than was the case a few years ago when Chinese thought on matters of health was unduly swayed by old traditions and theories.

Quarantine impractical between Hong Kong and the River Ports.

26. So closely related are Hong Kong, Canton, Macao and the River Ports, in the matter of trade, and such is the amount of traffic both human and goods which passes between them that up to date it has been found impossible to devise any system of quarantine which would effectually safeguard one city against introduction of disease from the other and at the same time preserve that freedom of commercial movements on which

M 12

these cities depend for prosperity. It has been deemed best to treat them as forming one unit, as suburbs the one of the other, and to strive for a working agreement between the various health organisations to the end that some means, other than im- posing restrictions against a whole port, may be found to prevent the spread of infection.

The Government Organisation for the promotion and maintenance of the Public Health.

27. The Colony has no municipality' in the ordinary ac- cepted sense of the term, the Governor himself being head of the city and head of the port. The functions of a Municipal Council. are included in the functions of the Legislative Council. The Colonial Heads of Department perform the duties which in a municipality would be performed by Municipal Heads of De- partment.

28. The Director of Medical and Sanitary Services is the official adviser to Government on all medical and sanitary matters and is the Officer responsible to Government for the Public Health of the Colony. Under his direction come the Government Hospital Organisation, the Inspection of Chinese Hospitals and Chinese Dispensaries, the Medical Inspection of Schools, the Bacteriological Institute, the Analytical Laboratory, Anti-malarial Activities, Vaccination, Quarantine and Port Health Work, Social Hygiene Work, Maternity and Child Wel- fare Work, and the Registration of Births and Deaths.

29. The Sanitary Department which is distinct from and independent of the Medical Department has at its head a layman, an officer of the Cadet Service. This Department does the work usually performed by the Health Department of a Municipality and in addition deals with all matters connected with scavenging and conservancy. Attached to this department are Medical Officers of Health who are seconded from the Medical Department, two Veterinary Surgeons and fifty-six European Sanitary Inspectors.

30. There is a Sanitary Board composed of officials and non-officials whose powers and responsibilities are laid down in the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance 1903 and which acts as an advisory body to the Head of the Sanitary Department who is ex-officio chairman of the Board. The Board has no direct control over the Department. The functions and powers. of the Board and the Department are limited to the Colony and to that portion of the New Territories adjacent to Kowloon which is known as New Kowloon.

M 13

31. The present machinery for the promotion of the Public Health is complex in that responsibility for the organisation of energy both for the cure and the prevention of disease is divided among a number of units, governmental and non-governmental, which operate more or less independently of one another. This state of affairs will however shortly be rectified by the passage of new ordinances which will replace not only the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance of 1903 but also the Sale of Food and Drugs Ordinance 1896, and portions of the Merchant Shipping Ordinance 1899.

32. The Public Works Department is the Authority under the Waterworks Ordinance. The Sanitary Department is respon- sible for the carrying out of the provisions of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance except in so far as it refers to buildings, drainage and sewerage, wells and pools, which are dealt with by the Public Works Department. The Sanitary Department also deals with the Sale of Food and Drugs Ordinance. The Boarding House Ordinance, which controls lodging houses, boarding houses and hotels, and the Factory and Workshops Ordinance are under the authority of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. The Births and Deaths Registration Ordinance is administered by the Medical Department. The Summary Offences Ordinance is the concern of the Police.

Transport of the Sick.

33. Motor Ambulances, garaged at the Fire Station, are con- trolled by the Police and Fire Department. Hand Ambulances are operated by the Sanitary Department. The Tung Wah Hospital and the Tung Wah Eastern Hospital each has a motor ambulance of its own and so has the St. John Ambulance Brigade.

Medical Relief.

34. Provision of medical relief is furnished by the Govern- ment, by Chinese Benevolent Institutions and by Christian Missions.

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35. The following table shows the principal institutions affording medical relief to the civil population:---

Accommo- dation.

Authority in Control.

Government Institutions :—-

Government Civil Hospital

246 beds.

Medical Department.

Victoria Hospital

74

do.

""

Kowloon Hospital

140

do.

The Tsan Yuk Hospital

60

do.

Infectious Diseases Hospital

26

do.

17

Gaol Hospital

30

do.

Taipo Dispensary

Un Long Dispensary

Lady Ho Tung Welfare

Centre

Ruttonjee Dispensary

do.

do.

do.

do.

Sai Kung Dispensary

Tai O Dispensary

do.

do.

do.

Centre

do.

do.

Wanchai Maternity & In-

fant Welfare Centre

Kowloon Infant Welfare

V. D. Clinic-Kowloon

Chinese Benevolent

Institutions:--

The Tung Wah Hospital ... The Tung Wah Eastern

Hospital

The Kwong Wah Hospital The Tung Wah Infectious

Diseases Hospital

The Chinese Eastern Mat-

ernity Hospital

The Chinese Public Dispen-

saries (9 in number)

Mission Hospitals and War Memorial Nursing Home :-

451 beds.

Chinese Committee.

260

"

325

do. do.

60

1"

81

do.

Special Chinese Committee.

do. for each.

Alice Memorial & Affiliated

Hospitals

126 beds.

London Missionary Society.

Matilda Hospital

50

The French Hospital.

110

The Italian Hospital.....

18

"

War Memorial Nursing

Home

50

"

Haw Par Hospital-

Cheung Chau

50

"}

Special Committee. French Mission. Canossian Mission.

Special Committee.

St. John Ambulance

Association.

M 15

Non-Government Organisations engaged in

Public Health Works.

36. In addition to the Government organisation there are in the Colony a number of Benevolent Societies and Associations whose activities in the cause of public health are of great benefit to the community. The chief among these are:-the Tung Wah Hospital Charity, the Chinese Public Dispensaries, the various Missionary Societies, the Society for the Protection of Children, the St. John Ambulance Association, the St. John Ambulance Brigade, the Y.W.C.A. and the Y.M.C.A.

37. A description of the Tung Wah Hospital and the Chinese Fublic Dispensaries will be found in the body of the report.

38. The St. John Ambulance Association teaches first aid and home nursing and issues certificates after examination to successful candidates. Many hundreds of certificates have been issued. Under the aegis of the Association a number of centres have been established in the New Territories, staffed by full time Nurse-Midwives. These include a hospital at Cheung Chau, three small maternity Hospitals with Dispensaries attach- ed and six separate Dispensaries.

39. The St. John Ambulance Brigade which is distinct from the Association is a body which practices in the field the theory taught by the latter. The Brigade which holds a strong position in the Colony does excellent work both in the training of per- sonnel and in the performance of first aid duties. The Brigade renders valuable assistance to the Government especially with regard to vaccination and propaganda.

Medical Education.

40. The Faculty of Medicine of the University of Hong Kong provides a six years' course in premedical and medical sciences leading to the degrees of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery which are awarded on examination. The clinical teach- ing is carried out at the Government Civil Hospital and Tsan Yuk Maternity Hospital. In the former institution 123 beds are allotted to the University, the Professors of Medicine and Surgery have 48 beds each, and the Professor of Obstetrics has 19 for Maternity and 8 for Gynaecological cases. In addition the Professor of Obstetrics has all the patients at the Tsan Yuk Hospital under his care, which gives him a total of 65 beds for Maternity and 22 for Gynaecological patients. The three Pro- fessors working at the Civil Hospital are Consultants to the Government and have been appointed respectively Physician, Surgeon and Obstetric Physician to the Hospital. In addition to the professors several officers of the Government Medical Service hold teaching appointments on the Staff of the University. The degrees of the Medical Faculty are recognised by the General Medical Council for registration in Great Britain.

M 16

41. Courses of training for nurses and midwives have been established at a number of hospitals in the Colony. Examina- tions are held and certificates issued by the Midwives Examina- tion Board and by the Nurses Examination Board.

Progress with regard to Reorganisation and Expansion.

42. During the year a Committee, under Chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, was appointed by His Excellency the Governor, to examine and report on the draft public health bills which had been prepared by the Attorney General and the Director of Medical and Sanitary Services to form the basis of the scheme for reorganisation of the Medical and Sanitary Services. As a result of the Committee's report a number of changes were made in the draft legislation. At the end of the year the bills were still under consideration by Government.

43. The slump in trade with the consequent reduction of revenue continued to retard progress in reorganisation and ex- pansion.

44. The erection of a new infectious diseases hospital and a new mental hospital had again to be postponed and the model health centre planned for the Western district of Victoria and intended as a field health station for the practical instruction of undergraduates could not be built.

45. It was found impossible to include in the estimates provisions for a Senior Health Officer, an Opthalmologist and a Dentist.

46. However in spite of the severe financial handicap sub- stantial advancements were made in a number of directions in the Island of Hong Kong, the Kowloon Feninsula and the New Territories.

47. Staff increase.-The Staff was increased by one Chinese Lady Medical Officer, 8 European Nursing Sisters, 13 Chinese Nurses, 10 Chinese Dressers, 1 European Mental Nurse, 2 Chinese School Nurses, 2 Midwives, 1 European Radiographer, 7 Clerks, 1 Chinese Probationer Laboratory Assistant, and the staff of Tsan Yuk Hospital, i.e. 1 Lady House Officer, 1 European Secretary, 1 Matron, 1 Asst. Matron, 4 Midwives, 12 Pupil Mid- wives, 10 Amahs, 2 Cooks, 1 Messenger, 1 Watchman.

48. New Government Civil Hospital.-The work on the new Government Civil Hospital made good progress and much of the steel work of the main building is now in position.

49. Eastern District Health Centre.-Towards the end of the year work was commenced on a health centre for the Eastern District of Victoria. When finished the building will contain accommodation for an infant welfare clinic and centre, a school

M 17

clinic, a V.D. clinic, a general clinic and a dispensary. This Centre is being built by a group of benevolent minded Chinese gentlemen who will present it to Government on its completion.

50. Kowloon Hospital Extension.-During the year the following buildings were completed.

(a) a general block of two wards having a total accommoda-

tion of 48 beds.

(b) a new block for accommodation of the increased staff of

Sisters and Nurses.

(c) quarters for a second resident medical officer.

A start was made on a new and commodious out-patient department containing accommodation not only for general out- patient activities but for the treatment of venereal diseases.

51. The Kowloon Infant Welfare Centre.-The ground floor of a large private house in the central district of Kowloon was leased and altered to make it suitable for an Infant Welfare Centre. This Centre was opened on the 1st of June.

52. Ship Fumigation and Disinfection.-Negotiations for the purchase of the plant of the Fumigation Bureau which com- menced in the early part of the year were completed in August and the plant and the staff were transferred to the Port Health Branch which is now responsible for the fumigation and dis- infection of shipping.

53. The Tsan Yuk Maternity Hospital.-The Tsan Yuk Maternity Hospital which had been built, equipped and adminis- tered by the Committee of the Western Chinese Public Dispen- sary and which was presented to Government by that Committee was taken over by the Medical Department on the 1st of January.

54. The Lady Ho Tung Welfare Centre.-The Lady Ho Tung Welfare Centre built and equipped for Government through funds donated by Sir Robert and Lady Ho Tung and situated at the most northerly point on the circular road surrounding the New Territory mainland was opened in May.

55. The Ruttonjee Dispensary. This Dispensary situated at the 12th mile village of Sham Tseng and presented to the Government by Mr. H. Ruttonjee was opened in January.

56. Tai-0 Dispensary.-A dispensary was opened in July at Tai-O, a fishing village of some 5,000 inhabitants situated on the extreme West of Lantao Island.

57. Sai Kung Dispensary.-A dispensary was opened in July at Saikung, a fishing village situated on the east coast of the Northern Territory and easily accessible only by sea.

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SECTION 1.

Administration.

58. The total authorised establishment of the Medical De- partment for the year 1934 was as follows:—

Administrative Staff.

The Director of Medical and Sanitary Services..........

1

Deputy Director of Medical and Sanitary Services ... 1

Secretary

Stenographer

Accountant

Clerks Class I

""

III

19

IV

J

ور

Clerical Staff.

V

VI

INVESTIGATIVE DIVISION.

A. Bacteriological Institute.

1

1

1

1

4

1

8

16

Bacteriologist

1

Assistant Bacteriologist.

1

Senior Laboratory Assistant..

1

Laboratory Assistants

4

Laboratory Assistant (Probationer).

1

B. Malaria Bureau.

Malariologist

1

Assistant to Malariologist

1

Malaria Inspectors

4

Malaria Inspector (probationer)

1

Division of Chemical Analysts.

Government Analyst

Assistant Analysts

1

3

Assistant Analyst (Chinese)

1

Assistant Analyst (Chinese) Class II Sampler

1

1

M

M 19

HEALTH DIVISION.

For duty in connection with the Sanitary Department.

Health Officers

Chinese Health Officer

2

1

Port Health Branch.

Port Health Officers & Inspectors of Emigrants

2

Chinese Port Health Officers.

3

Health Inspector

1

Public Vaccinators......(One post vacant)

12

Fumigating and Disinfecting Bureau.

Secretary

Fumigator

Interpreter

Venereal Diseases Branch.

1

1

1

Venereal Diseases Officer

1

Chinese Venereal Diseases Officer

1

Venereal Diseases Technical Assistant

1

Dressers (Charge)

2

1

Venereal Diseases Nurse

Maternity and Child Welfare Branch.

Lady Medical Officer

Chinese Lady Medical Officer

Infant Welfare Nurses

Interpreter

School Hygiene Branch.

Health Officer for Schools.....

Chinese Medical Officers for Schools

School Nurses

Chinese Hospital and Dispensaries Branch.

Visiting Medical Officer

Lady Visiting Medical Officer

Chinese Resident Medical Officers

Chinese Lady Medical Officers..

Stenographer

Dispensary Nurse

Midwives

1

1

3

1

1

2

2 5

5

1

1

3

3

1

1

4

M 20 -

MEDICAL DIVISION.

Government Consultants

Clinical Branch.

3

1

8

3

4

Senior Medical Officer..

Medical Officers

Chinese Medical Officers

House Officers

Nursing Staff (General).

Principal Matron!

Matrons

Home Sisters

Tutor Sister

Nursing Sisters

1



3

2

1

52

Nurses (Staff)......(4 Vacant posts).

11

Nurses (Probationers) (1 Vacant post)

.46

Dressers (Charge)

5

Dressers (Staff)

3

Dressers (Probationers)

20

Linen Maid

1

Nursing Staff (Mental Hospital).

Head Attendant

Assistant Attendant

Mental Nurses

Wardmasters

Kennedy Town Hospital (Infectious Diseases).

1

1

3

2

Nurses (Staff)

2

Nurse (Probationer)

1

Dressers (Staff)

2

Dresser (Probationer)

1

Wardmaster

1

Tsan Yuk Maternity Hospital.

House Medical Officer

1

Secretary

1

Matron

· Assistant Matron

1

Midwives

4

Pupil Midwives

12

Stewards.

Steward

1

Assistant Steward

1

Apothecary

M 21

Pharmacy Branch.

Assistant Apothecaries

Dispensers (Charge)

Dispensers (Staff)

Dispensers (Probationers)

Radiological Branch.

3

5

124 CD LO

Radiologist

Radiographers

12

Masseuses

2.

X-Ray Sister

1

New Territories Branch.

Medical Officer

1

Chinese Medical Officers

2

Nurse (Staff)..

1

Midwives

8:

Dresser (Staff), for Travelling Dispensary

1

Driver

1

Miscellaneous.

Office Attendants, Messengers, Wardboys, Amahs,

Coolies etc., (27 Vacancies)

PRINCIPAL CHANGES IN PERSONNEL.

.380

59. The following were the principal changes which took place during the year:-

Mr. J. H. Gelling appointed Secretary on return from leave on 22nd February and assumed duty as Secretary and Deputy Registrar of Births and Deaths. Mr. T. G. Stokes, who acted as Secretary and Deputy Registrar of Births and Deaths until Mr. Gelling's return from leave was transferred to Police De- partment.

Miss M. J. Wilson, Matron, Civil Hospital, acted as Princi- pal Matron until 13th January.

Miss S. I. Summerskill, Nursing Sister, acted as Matron, Civil Hospital, until 13th January and as Principal Matron from 24th February to 17th October during the absence on leave of Miss M. J. Wilson.

Mrs. B. E. Elliott, Nursing Sister, acted as Matron, Civil Hospital, from 24th February to 17th October.

Miss S. F. Sutton, Home Sister, acted as Matron, Kowloon Hospital, during the absence on leave of Miss J. A. Davis from 5th May.

M 22

Miss A. M. Cullinan, Nursing Sister, acted as Home Sister, Kowloon Hospital, from 5th May.

Miss F. A. Cranfield, Nursing Sister, acted as Matron, Victoria Hospital from 24th September to 15th December.

Dr. G. W. Pope returned from leave on 1st November and resumed duty as Medical Officer of Health. Dr. J. M. Gray acted as Medical Officer of Health during Dr. Pope's absence from 27th January to 31st October.

Dr. A. V. Greaves returned from leave on 9th November and resumed duty as Bacteriologist. Dr. R. S. Begbie acted as Bacteriologist during Dr. Greaves' absence from 31st January to 8th November.

Mr. L. J. Morley, Assistant Apothecary, acted as Apothe- cary from 6th April during Mr. Cable's absence on leave.

Mr. A. Jackson returned from leave on 12th August and resumed duty as Assistant Analyst and acted as Analyst from 6th October during the absence on leave of Mr. V. C. Branson.

APPOINTMENTS.

Name of Officer.

Designation.

Date of assumption of duty.

Miss K. N. Graveson Mr. J. I. Barnes

Mr. J. G. Robertson Dr. (Miss) Fau Choi Chue

Mr. J. H. Gelling Dr. G. M. Hargreaves Dr. (Mrs.) G. R. Nash Dr. (Mrs.) L. O. Hunter

Dr. G. I. Shaw

Assistant Apothecary Secretary, Tsan Yuk

Hospital

Asst. Radiographer

1. 1.34

1. 1.34

1. 2.34

Chinese Lady Medical

Officer

1. 2.34

Secretary

22. 2.34

Health Officer for Schools Lady Medical Officer

4. 4.34

1.12.34

1.12.34

13.12.34

Lady Visiting Medical

Officer

Medical Officer

PROMOTION.

Miss M. J. Wilson, Matron Civil Hospital, was appointed Principal Matron on 14th January.

Miss S. I. Summerskill, Nursing Sister, was appointed Matron, Civil Hospital, on 14th January.

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Miss S. F. Sutton, Nursing Sister, was appointed Home Sister, Kowloon Hospital, on 1st March.

Miss I. Warbrick, Nursing Sister, was appointed X-Ray Sister on 10th May.

Mrs. B. E. Elliott, Nursing Sister, was appointed Matron, Victoria Hospital on 16th December.

RESIGNATIONS OR RETIREMENTS.

Name of Officer.

Designation.

X-Ray Sister

V.M.O.C.H. & D.

Date of Resigna- tion or re- tirement.

9. 5.34

Miss C. S. Mackenzie

Dr. H. L. Clift

Dr. (Mrs.) A. L. J. Dovey Lady. V.M.O.C.H. & D.

Matron, Victoria Hospital

Miss G. Chettle

OFFICERS ON VACATION LEAVE IN EUROPE.

Name of Officer.

Designation.

30. 9.34 30.11.34 15.12.34

Date of Date of Departure. Return.

Mr. J. H. Gelling Prof. W. I. Gerrard Prof. R. E. Tottenham Dr. D. J. Valentine Dr. I. Newton Dr. G. V. A. Griffith Dr. J. B. Mackie Dr. G. W. Pope Mr. J. Skinner Mr. R. E. Cable Mr. J. F. McGowan Miss M. J. Wilson Miss J. A. Davis

Mr. L. A. Collyer

Dr. K. H. Uttley Dr. A. V. Greaves Mr. V. C. Branson Mr. A. Jackson

Secretary

22. 2.34

3.11.34 27.12.34

Govt. Consultant

do.

16. 3.34

18. 5.34

Medical Officer

8. 2.34

do.

24. 2.34

do.

21. 4.34

do.

2.10.34

Health Officer

27. 1.34

.1.11.34

24. 2.34

29.11.34

6. 4.34

10. 2.34

13.12.34

24. 2.34

18.10.34

5. 5.34

17.11.34

Radiographer Apothecary Asst. Steward Principal Matron Matron, Kowloon Hospital

7

Asst. Attendant,

M. Hosp. Medical Officer Bacteriologist Govt. Analyst Asst. Analyst

3. 2.34 31. 1.34

6.11.34

29. 9.34 -9.11.34

13. 8.34

:

M 24

LIST OF ORDINANCES AFFECTING THE PUBLIC HEALTH

ENACTED DURING THE YEAR.

60. The Ordinances affecting the public health which were enacted during the year were:

No. 21-Births and Deaths Registration Ordinance.

No. 40-Cremation Ordinance.

61. EXPENDITURE FOR 1934 AND 1933 COMPARED.

1934.

1933. $1,008,860.62 $1,053,087.22

Personal Emoluments

OTHER CHARGES.

A.-Staff.

Conveyance Allowances.

$13,219.62 $13,947.46

B.-General.

Artificial Limbs

$

30.00

47.00

Bedding and Clothing

12,963.08

15,787.70

Board for 5 House Officers (4 in

1933)

1,460.00

1,825.00

Board and Lodging for 6 Pupil

Midwives

576.00

480.00

Books

415.33

502.24

Bonuses to Dispensary Licentiates

and Clerks for vaccination of

Children and registration of

births

4,277.20

4,549.10

Cleansing Materials

5,537.45

6,859.30

Dental and Other Special Treat-

.ment

3,093.50

1.959.00

Expenses of Courses of Study and attendance at Medical Con-

gresses

1,895.02

4,175.12

Fuel and Light

54,272.33

63,357.86

Grants to Protestant and Roman

Catholic Chaplains for Re-

ligious Services

1,800.00

1,800.00

Incidental Expenses

2,565:27

3,304.33

Maintenance of lunatics at Canton

7,722.16

-8,674.02

Medical Comforts

603.20

659.40

Medicines, Surgical Appliances

and Instruments......

72,549.17

77,691.01

Nursing Board Expenses

2,315.50

M 25

1933.

1934.

Provisions for patients

$144,370.88

$116,907.34

Rent of Premises for Dispensar- ies, and Infant Welfare Cen-

tres

3,479.35

5,334.50

Transport

1,188.70

1,293.80

Treatment of Opium Addicts

560.50

1,968.00

!

Upkeep of Hospital Equipment...

12,428.42

13,251.05

Upkeep of X-Ray Apparatus.....

11,746.81

11,799.41

Upkeep of Travelling Dispensary.

2,366.31

929.65

Ventilation of Operating Theatre. Washing

419.60

445.55

17,462.03

15,836.46

C.-Port Health Officer's Office.

Conveyance Allowances

$

179.03

$ 218.31

Incidental Expenses, etc.

399.81

364.26

Uniformus

166.89

103.52

Expenses in connection with

Fumigation and Disinfecting of shipping

D.-Bacteriological Institute.

32,527.28

Animals and Fodder

$ 6,389.90

$ 5,942.35

Anti-rabic work

373.19

Apparatus and Chemicals

1,338.37

353.58

1,291.96

Books and Journals

86.20

18.32

Conveyance Allowances

343.71

212.04

Fuel and Light

1,540.28

1,575.01

Incidental Expenses

720.40

789.33

Preparation of Vaccines, Serum,

etc.

1,571.10

1,709.70

Uniforms

240.83

232.44

E.-Mortuaries, Victoria and Kowloon.

Conveyance Allowance for Mes-

senger

Fuel and Light

Uniforms

$

18.00

81.33

94.50

$

18.00

86.09

111.90

M 26

F.-Malaria Bureau.

1933.

Anti-Malarial Field Work...........

$ 1,136.84

1934. $ 1,011.92

Conveyance Allowances

1,379.42

1,686.37

Equipment

· 1,392.27

827.67

Incidental Expenses

290.91

162.26

Uniforms

644.81

520.11

G.-Analytical Laboratory.

Apparatus and Chemicals.......

$ 3,991.84

$ 3,871.15

Books and Journals

161.69

169.24

Conveyance Allowance

180.00

180.00

Fuel and Light

807.11

797.22

Incidental Expenses

381.17

296.01

Uniforms

133.25

106.00

Total Personal Emoluments

and Other Charges

$1,409,905.40 $1,483,969.06

SPECIAL EXPENDITURE.

Electric Centrifuge

1933. $ 1,167.94

1931

Microscope for Bacteriological In-

stitute

Microscope for Training Asiatic

Sanitary Inspectors

689.36

910 00

Microscope for Venereal Diseases

Clinic

702.40

Repair and Calibration of Instru-

ments, Analytical Laboratory.

676.29

Equipment of Kowloon Hospital.

16,774.29

Lymph Grinding Machine for

Bacteriological Institute.

1,923.30

Steel Cupboards

650.00

X-Ray Apparatus

1,100.00

Gestetner Duplicating Machine...

847.40

Total Special Expenditure.... $ 4,176.19 $ 21.294.99

Total Medical Department ... $1,414,081.59 $1,505,264.05

M 27

REVENUE FOR 1933 AND 1934 COMPARED.

4

1933.

1934.

Medical Treatment

94,220.96

92,388.58

Miscellaneous

1,180.00

405.00

Bacteriological Examination

9,346.70

6,998.50

Chemical Analyses

43,107.50

32,893.75

Bills of Health

11,070.00

9,960.00

Medical Examination of Emmig-

rants

89,531.70

145,208.10

Official Certificates

2,775.00

1,295.00

Births and Deaths Registration...

9,097.48

7,811.50

Consultants Fees

5,530.00

1,427.50

Fumigation and Disinfection Fees

2,512.25

Total

$265,859.34

$300,900.18

62. EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE MEDICAL DEPARTMENT

FOR THE PAST TEN YEARS.

Year.

Personal Emoluments Special

& Other Expenditure. Expenditure. Charges.

Total

Total Revenue.

1925...

548,703.64

75,537.46

624,241.10

194,547.75

1926

701,717.93

34,451.05

736,168.98

255,070.19

1927.

721,623.32

16,409.47

738,032.79

307,744.48

1928.........

808,412.61

23.37

808,435,98 306,347.62

1929.........

878,058.19

17,061.08

895,119.27

299,524.51

1930......... 1,172,791.22

51,305.06

1,224,096,28

267,887.66

1931......... 1,325,353.30

52,697.76 1,378,051.06

243,256.99

1932........

1,316,575.34

6,689.20 1,323,264.54

260,164.87

1933......

1,409,905.40

4,176.19 1,414,081,59

265,859.34

1934.

Total

1,483,969.06

$10,367,110.01

21,294.99 1,505,264,05

300,900.18

$279,645.63 $10,646,755.64 | $2,701,303.50

M 28

63. In drawing comparisons between the expenditure and revenue of different years it should not be forgotten that the Hong Kong dollar is based on silver and its value rises and falls with the price of that metal. Most of the European officers draw sterling salaries and the bulk of the drugs, dressings and instruments are obtained from England and paid for in sterling. With the exchange at a shilling, the number of dollars expended on sterling priced material is double what it would have been had the exchange been two shillings to the dollar.

RATIO OF EXPENDITURE ON MEDICAL AND SANITARY SERVICES TO TOTAL REVENUE FROM ALL SOURCES.

64. The total revenue of the Colony from all sources was estimated at $31,731,625.00.

65. Because of the overlapping which occurs when a work serves both a utilitarian and a sanitary service it is impossible to assess exactly the amounts which have been spent for purely medical and sanitary purposes. Including all water works and drainage works as sanitary works, the following (which include the salaries of the P.W.D. staff concerned) shows the commit- ments as laid down in the Estimates for 1934.

Expenditure by Medical Department

19

""

Public Works Department...

Sanitary Department

"7

J

""

27

Police Department

Subsidies to Charities..

22

""

Total:-

$1,745,589.00

1,179,394.00 2,510,730.00

6,240.00

201,041.00

$5,642,994.00

66. Ratio of expenditure on Medical and Sanitary Services

to total revenue

ww

5,642,994.00 33,442,695.00

=

16.87 per cent.

67. If the expenditure on Water Works be not taken into account the ratio is 13.96 per cent. As explained in paragraph 65 above these figures are approximate only.

M 29

SECTION II.

Public Health.

PART I.—VITAL STATISTICS.

CIVIL POPULATION.

68. The estimated civil population for the whole of the territories under British jurisdiction at the middle of the year was 944,492, of which 923,584 or 97.8 per cent was Chinese and 20,908 or 2.21 per cent non-Chinese. The distribution was as

follows:

Urban area of Victoria:

Europeans and Americans Other non-Chinese races Chinese

Villages of Hong Kong:-

4,162

5,704

373,199

383,065

Europeans and Americans

342

Other non-Chinese races Chinese

115

47,059

47,516

Total for Hong Kong Island

430,581

Urban area of Kowloon including New Kowloon :

Europeans and Americans

4,702

Other non-Chinese races

5,858

Chinese

300,550

Total for Kowloon & New Kowloon..

311,110

Junks and Sampans:

Chinese

100,000

New Territories exclusive of New Kowloon :·

Europeans and Americans

25

Chinese

102,776

102,801

Total civil population

944,492

69. During the year 2,275,346 persons entered and 2,318,642 left the Colony by river steamer and by railroad, making a surplus of emigrants over immigrants by these routes of 43,296. Fuller details are as follows:-

Arrived.

Departed.

River steamer

Railway

1,305,961

1,317,913

969,385

1,000,729

Ocean going steamers. 513,693

492,458

Total

2,789,039

2,811,100

M 30

70. The above does not represent the total movement between Hong Kong and the neighbouring provinces for there are many who arrive and depart by junk or sampan. It is estimated that on an average some 7,000 arrive and 7,000 depart daily.

BIRTHS AND DEATHS REGISTRATION.

71. The Registration of Births and Deaths Ordinance has since 1911 applied to the whole territory under British jurisdic- tion but until 1932 no action was taken to enforce it in the New Territories where registration of both births and deaths had been the exception rather than the rule.

72. As a result of the better enforcement of the law and still more as a result of the introduction of a new Births and Deaths Registration Ordinance, which did away with certain fees and penalties, the registration of births during 1934 has increased throughout the Colony, but more particularly in the New Territories where 3,564 births were registerd (3,380 in 1933).

73. Registration of births is however still far from complete and many births, especially of females, are never recorded.

74. In view of the increased numbers of births registered in the New Territories, it was decided to calculate the birth and death rates for 1934 on the population of the whole Colony and not to exclude the New Territories as heretofore.

75. Death registration in the Colony being a necessary preliminary to a permit to bury, it may be taken for granted that practically all deaths are registered. Bodies found dumped. or abandoned in the streets and open spaces, are taken to the Public Mortuaries where they are examined by the Medical Officer who fills in the necessary certificates which go through the Coroners' hands to the Registrar. All certificates of deaths are scrutinized by the Medical Officer of Health.

BIRTHS.

76. The following table shows the number of births registered during the last five years:-

1930. 1931.

1932.

1933.

1934.*

Chinese Non-Chinese

.10,756

12,055

378

388

13,166

431

14,909

20,424

453

462

Total

.11,134

12,443

13,597

15,362

20,886

*Includes those from New Territories.

M 31

DEATHS.

77. The deaths registered among the civilian poulation of the Colony (including New Kowloon and New Territories) was 19,766 giving a crude death rate of 20.93 as compared with 22.11 for the previous year (which included New Kowloon but did not include the New Territories).

Year

Deaths

1933

Chinese

Non-Chinese

1934

Chinese ...

Estimated

Death rate per

population

mille population

4

...

17,923

800,921

22.38

233

20,421

11.39

19,516

923,584

21.13

250

20,908

11.96

Non-Chinese

78. The principal diseases causing deaths were:-

Percent-

Disease.

No. of deaths.

age of total

Death rate

per mille

deaths.

population.

1933 1934

Eroncho-pneumonia

3,020

15.78

3.60

3.20

Pulmonary tuberculosis...

2,179

11.02

2.71

2.31

Pneumonia

527

2.66

0.93

0.56

Bronchitis

1,923

9.73

1.98

2.04

Diarrhoea (infantile)

1,346

6.81

1.68

1.42

Diarrhoea (over one year).

870

4.40

1.02

0.92

Dysentery

189

0.96

0.23

0.20

Nephritis

638

3.23

0.72

0.67

Heart disease heart

failure

669

3.38

0.73

0.71

Beri-beri

447

2.23

0.56

0.47

Malaria

365

1.85

0.50

0.39

Notifiable Diseases :-

Smallpox..

Enteric

Diphtheria

Cerebro-spinal meningitis

Cholera Plague....

༄ མི།|

104

0.53

0.53

0.11

65

0.33

0.08 0.07

83

0.42

.0.10

0.09

125

0.63

0.14

0.13

M 32

79. Death Clock showing percentage of total deaths caused by different diseases :-

15 78%

11.02%

9.73%

2.66%

PULMONARY

TUBERCULOSIS

BRONCHO.

PNEUMONIA

BRONCHITIS

LOBER

PNEUMONIA

6.81%

DISEASES

DIARRHOEA

(INFANTILE)

DIARRHOEA

(OVER ONE YEAR}

RESPIRATORY

OTHER DISEASES

4.40%

3.38%

3.23

HEART DISEASE

NEPHRITIS

BERI BERI

MALARIA

DYSENTERY

37.95%

2 23% 1.85%)0.96)

M 33

Infantile Mortality.

80. The numbers of deaths of infants under one year were :—-

Chinese

Non-Chinese

7,094

23

81. If the figures for the Chinese births registered repre- sented the total births, which they do not, the infantile mortality rate for this race would be 347.34 as compared with 454.89, which was the equally incorrect rate for the previous year. Allowing that only one third of the births are registered this would still mean a very high infantile mortality figurė.

82. The mortality rate among the non-Chinese was 49.78 as compared with 88.30 in 1933.

The Dumping of the Dead.

83. The following table shows the number of unknown dead bodies found by the Police in the streets and elsewhere during the last five years:

1930 1931 1932 1933

1934

Victoria

418

366

382

357

289

Kowloon

669

738

884

881

679

Harbour

126

115

79

47

27

Elsewhere

103

76

82

62

61

1,316 1,295 1,427

1,347

1,056

98 per cent of the bodies dumped were children the majority being infants. The number of males exceeded that of females.

VITAL STATISTICS OF EUROPEAN CIVILIAN POPULATION.

84. The Europeans and Americans resident in the Colony are estimated to number 9,216 of whom 7,121 were British. The majority of Europeans and Americans are treated by private practitioners when ill, and figures are not available for calculat- ing incidence rates.

85. There were 149 deaths among the 9,216 giving a death rate of 16.2 per mille.

M 34

86. Vital Statistics of European Officials.

Number of Europeans (excluding temporary school

mistresses)

Average number resident in the Colony

Number invalided during 1934:—

(a) when on leave at home

(b) in the Colony

Number died during 1934:-

(a) in the Colony

(b) when on leave at home

PART II.-HEALTH CONDITIONS.

Q CO

985

843

3

1

4

GENERAL REMARKS.

87. In the absence of some general system of registration of sickness, the only sources of information available for gauging the state of the public health in this Colony are the returns

relating to deaths, the notifications of infectious diseases and the records of Government and Chinese hospitals. Judging from the death returns the health of the Colony was better than that of the previous year. The crude death rate was 20.93 per mille as compared with 22.11 for 1933.

88. Respiratory diseases accounted for 39.97 per cent of the total deaths; the percentage for 1933 was 41.93. The principal diseases causing death were broncho-pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchitis, infantile diarrhoea and diarrhoea.

89. The overcrowded houses, the expectorating habits of the people, and poverty furnish sufficient explanation for the prevalence of respiratory troubles.

MALARIA.

90. Owing to efficient drainage methods this disease has disappeared from the greater part of the urban districts. It still persists, however, in the suburbs and in the rural areas. There are parts of the New Territories where the spleen rate is as high as 41.4%.

91. Malaria not being a notifiable disease the incidence figures are unknown. The cases admitted to the Government Hospitals numbered 457 as compared to 482 in the previous year. The percentage of deaths to cases admitted was 1.31. Among the Chinese Hospitals there were 839 admissions with a case mortality rate of 18.35 per cent.

M 35

92. The cases admitted to the Government Hospitals during the last nine years are as follows:-

1926

1927

1928

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

1934

970

670

485

653

535

585

465

475

457

93. The total number of deaths attributed to this disease was 365, giving a death rate of 0.39 per mille over the whole population. The low death rate is, of course, due to the fact that the great bulk of the population residing in the drained urban area is not subject to risks of infection. If figures for local districts were available it would be found that in some areas the incidence and death rates were very considerable.

94. During the year the Malaria Bureau continued its investigations into the life history, habits and carrying powers of the local anophelines. The results obtained were both interesting and instructive. As in previous years there was no obstruction from the local Chinese; on the contrary they took an interest in the proceedings and showed their eagerness to be of assistance. The Chinese Inspectors have shown ability and zeal.

95. The Bureau co-operated fully with the Military Authorities and with the Public Works Department. A full account of the activities of the Bureau will be found in Appendix

"B".

OTHER INFECTIOUS DISEASES.

96. During the year there were reported 153 cases of small- pox, 246 cases of cerebro-spinal fever, 162 cases of diphtheria and 212 cases of enteric. There were no cholera cases.

Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

97. This disease continues to rank second to broncho- pneumonia as the principal cause of death. It is probable that some of the cases of the latter were of tuberculous origin.

98. The total number of deaths was 2,179; that for 1933 was 2,225. The death rate per mille was 2.31 as compared with 2.71 for the previous year.

99. There is need for more hospital or infirmary accommoda- tion for tuberculosis patients, especially for those of the poorer classes.

M 36

Smallpox.

100. Every year in the cold season this disease manifests itself in outbreaks which are sometimes sporadic, sometimes epidemic. Whatever the prevalence there is always a tendency for the morbidity rate to decline or disappear with the advent of summer. In the year under review there were 153 cases and 104 deaths. 53 cases only were treated in hospital the remainder did not come under the notice of the authorities until after death.

101. The vaccination campaign was continued and during the year 298,836 persons were vaccinated. Valuable assistance was afforded by the St. John Ambulance Brigade and by the Chinese Public Dispensaries. Both bodies engaged in active propaganda and through their efforts many were persuaded who otherwise would have kept aloof. The various sections of the Brigade again carried out street vaccination with excellent results.

102. The Chinese have a preference for vaccination in the spring as being the auspicious season, and for a month or two after Chinese New Year the Chinese Public Dispensaries are crowded with children waiting to be done.

103. The majority of Chinese still hold the opinion that the herbalist treatment of smallpox gives better results than the methods adopted by practitioners qualified in Western medicine. An analysis of the statistics of (a) the Tung Wah Infectious Diseases Hospital where only herbalist treatment is carried out, and (b) the Government Infectious Diseases Hospital where western treatment only is provided shows that this view is not correct. Calculating on the figures for the last 25 years the case death rate at the Tung Wah was 47.9 per cent while that at the Government institution was 15.25 per cent.

Plague.

104. For the last five years no cases of plague have been reported in Hong Kong. The disappearance of this disease not only from this Colony but from the greater part of China and its decline throughout the world are due to factors which are not understood.

105. Systematic rat-catching and periodical cleansing of houses were carried out throughout the year. The total number of rats collected was 175,687 of which 21,976 were taken alive, as compared with 174,272 and 17,038 in 1933. The number collected each year shows that there is no diminution in the rat population. All the rats collected were sent to the Public Mortuary for examination. None was found infected.

M 37

Cerebro-Spinal Fever.

106. The following table shows the monthly incidence of this disease for the last 5 years:

Month.

1930 1931 1932 1933 1934

January, February,

1

2

March,

OWN

2

3

0

629

15

15

39

27

30

69

April,

111

33

53

May,

8

26

17

25

June,

1

16

14

15

July,

1

9

7

11

August,.

0

2

7

3

September,

1

13

October,

1

November,

3

1

9

December,..

1

14

Total

29

24 209

191

246

107. The disease is most prevalent in Spring, during the warm moist weather. It dies down when the real summer heat sets in. This may in fact be due to people sleeping more out of doors at night and so lessening overcrowding. Of the 246 cases reported, 125 or 58.17% proved fatal. Ever since the severe outbreak of this diseaes, which occurred in 1917, a supply of Serum, made at the Bacteriological Institute from the local strains of meningococcus, is kept in stock. This serum gives very good results when used early in the disease.

Diphtheria.

108. Cases of this disease occur throughout the year, but the majority of those notified occur during the cold weather of December, January and February.

109. 162 cases were reported of which 82 proved fatal, as compared with 122 with 81 deaths in 1933.

Enteric.

110. Cases of this disease are notified throughout the year, but there is usually some increase in the number reported during the summer months. The cases are usually sporadic and the source of infection is seldom discovered. 212 cases were notified with 65 deaths as compared with 207 in 1933 with 64 deaths.

M 38

Leprosy.

ill. In October His Excellency the Governor appointed a Committee, under the Chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, to enquire into the incidence of Leprosy in the Colony and to suggest methods of dealing with lepers. The report of this Committee is now under consideration. The number of lepers in the Colony is unknown. The number deported by the Police was 104 (83 in 1933).

year.

Rabies.

112. Fourteen cases of this disease were reported during the Four cases occurred in humans the remainder in dogs.

113. With the exception of one human case in the City of Victoria the disease was confined to New Kowloon and the New Territories.

114. The last case was reported in August.

115. None of the human cases had been treated with anti- rabic vaccine before the appearance of symptoms. All were fatal. No case which received anti-rabic treatment contracted the disease, though several had been bitten by dogs proved to be rabid.

- M 39

SECTION III.

Hygiene and Sanitation.

GENERAL REMARKS-ADMINISTRATION.

116. The Sanitary Department which is distinct from the Medical Department and over which the Director of Medical and Sanitary Services has no authority deals with the greater part of the sanitation of the Colony. The head of the department is an officer of the Cadet Service whose title is Head of the Sanitary Department.

117. The staff under his administrative supervision in- cludes:

(i) Two European and one Chinese Health Officers seconded

from the Medical Departinent.

(ii) Two Veterinary Surgeons.

(iii) Fifty-six European Sanitary Inspectors.

There are five Asiatic Sanitary Inspectors, a number of interpreters and a large staff of subordinates.

118. Included among the responsibilities of this department

are:-

(a) the prevention or mitigation of epidemic, endemic, con-

tagious or infectious disease in humans and animals. (b) the prevention of disease caused by mosquitoes. (c) measures for ensuring the purity and wholesomeness of

foods during their preparation, storage and sale.

(d) the control of abattoirs, markets, dairies and bakeries. (e) the control of eating houses.

(f) town cleansing, scavenging and collection of nightsoil. (g) the disposal of the dead.

119. For the purpose of sanitary administration by the Sanitary Department, the Island and the Peninsula have been divided into local sanitary areas, each with a sanitary office, and these in turn have been sub-divided into Health Districts each in charge of a Sanitary Inspector.

120. The City of Victoria is divided into four Sanitary areas and eighteen health districts. The villages on the South side of the Island are in charge of one Inspector. Kowloon Peninsula has three health areas and ten health districts. It is estimated that on an average each Inspector has to deal with a population of 25,000, a very high figure for a tropical city, and especially for one so overcrowded as Victoria.

121. The Sanitary Department has no jurisdiction in any part of the New Territories with the exception of the urban area next to Kowloon and known as New Kowloon.

M 40

122. The following general review of work done and progress made in matters of sanitation is, so far as the Sanitary Depart- ment is concerned, based on facts supplied by the Medical Officer of Health. The Annual Report of the Sanitary Department is issued independently by the Head of the Sanitary Department.

PREVENTIVE MEASURES AGAINST MOSQUITOES AND INSECT BORNE DISEASES.

123. The only law on the subject is the following by-law made under the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance which is administered by the Sanitary Department:

"When the larvae of mosquitoes are found on any premises the Board may on the advice of the Medical Officer of Health or any Assistant Medical Officer of Health give notice to the owner or occupier of such premises to remove all accumulations of water from such premises or to take steps to prevent the recurrence of the breeding places of mosquitoes in any such accumulations of water and such owner or occupier shall comply with such notice forthwith."

This by-law does not apply to the New Territories.

124. There are no special Sanitary Inspectors engaged in anti-mosquito work and the anti-mosquito brigade consists of two overseers and a squad of oiling coolies.

125. The routine work of inspection of premises for the pre- sence of mosquito breeding was carried out by the district inspectors. Oiling of pools and destruction of mosquito breeding places was carried out by the anti-mosquito gangs.

126. The usual cutting of undergrowth in May and October was done in co-operation with the Botanical and Forestry De- partment as regards Crown Lands, and with the Military Au- thorities, on Military lands.

127. The Malaria Bureau of the Medical Department con- tinued to function throughout the year. The work done in- cluded:

(a) General survey of the Colony and New Territories for the purpose of ascertaining what species of mosquitoes exist and the life history of each.

(b) Research regarding insect borne diseases to determine the insect hosts and the conditions influencing the spread of infection.

(c) Special investigation in malarious districts with a view

to the eradication of disease.

(d) Local mosquito surveys for the abatement of mosquito

nuisances.

M 41

(e) Co-operation with Government Departments, the Mili- tary, Naval and Air Forces, Public Companies and private individuals with regard to the investigation and eradication of malaria.

(f) The teaching of mosquitology.

128. A full account of the activities of the Bureau will be found in Appendix B.

GENERAL MEASURES OF SANITATION.

DOMESTIC CLEANLINESS.

129. Every domestic building or part of a building occupied by the members of more than one family must, unless espe- cially exempted by the Sanitary Board, be cleansed and limewashed throughout by the owner, to the satisfaction of the Board, not less than once in every year, and notice in writing that such cleansing and limewashing has been completed shall be sent by the owner to the Secretary within three days after the date of completion.

130. It is the duty of the occupier of any domestic building to cause such building to be kept in a cleanly and wholesome condition and to see that the drains, traps, gratings, fall pipes, and sanitary fittings and appliances, are free from obstruction and in an efficient state of repair.

131. In Hong Kong there are 13,829 Chinese houses with 46,903 floors; in Kowloon there are 10,607 houses and 31,908 floors. During the year 152,594 floors in Hong Kong and 83,179 floors in Kowloon were cleansed. During the cleansing process all the furniture is moved and the floors and woodwork washed with kerosene oil emulsion.

132. Considering that each inspector has to supervise a dis- trict with approximately 25,000 inhabitants, most of whom are ignorant of the rudiments of sanitation, the thoroughness of the cleansing operations is remarkable.

SCAVENGING.

133. Scavenging is carried out departmentally. There are twenty-one refuse lorries in use, fourteen being for Hong Kong and seven for Kowloon. 430 tons of refuse was collected daily and removed to the various refuse depots. The bulk of the refuse was ultimately disposed of by dumping in the sea at a distance from the city and in such a situation where the currents run in a direction away from the island. Some of the refuse from Kowloon was used to reclaim low-lying land near the sea-shore.

M 42

CONSERVANCY AND SEWERAGE DISPOSAL.

134. The collection and disposal of night-soil in the Colony is carried out partly by the bucket system and partly by water carriage. With regard to the bucket system arrangements were made with a contractor for the removal and disposal of excre- ment under conditions laid down by the Sanitary Board. During the year this was altered when Government took over the collec- tion of night-soil from the contractor.

135. The excrement is removed by night from the latrines to a special fleet of junks which convey it up river to China where it is utilised as manure for the mulberry trees on which the silk worms feed.

136. Owing to the limitations of the water supply on the Island and the need for economy in the matter of consumption, it is necessary to restrict the number of water closets served by the public mains.

137. Where a sufficiency of water can be obtained from other sources, such as wells or streams, and the conditions otherwise are suitable, water closets are allowed. With regard to effluents. some enter the public sewers direct, some pass to biological tank systems to be treated before final discharge.

DRAINAGE.

138. Drainage both surface and subsoil is controlled by the Public Works Department. $413,200 was entered in the 1934 Estimates for a programme which included drainage, training of nullahs and sewerage. $100,000 which includes costs of re- sumption, was provided for anti-malaria works.

WATER SUPPLIES.

139. The water supplies of Hong Kong and Kowloon are in charge of the Water Works Branch of the Public Works Depart- ment.

140. All the water is surface water and most of it is collected from catchment areas which are free from ordinary risks of pollution. The water, after storage for a longer or shorter period in impounding reservoirs, is filtered in some cases by slow sand filters, in others by the rapid system, and finally it is chlorinated.

141. Routine examinations are carried out by the Govern- ment Bacteriologist and Government Analyst and the results. furnished to the Water Authority. The results show that the water as supplied to the consumer is of excellent quality.

M 43

COMMON LODGING HOUSES.

142. Boarding Houses which include every place where any person is harboured or lodged for any kind whatsoever of hire or reward and where any domestic service whatsoever is rendered by the owner, lessee, principal tenant, occupier, or master to the person so harboured or lodged, but whien do not include any boarding house for non-Chinese seamen within the meaning of the Merchant Shipping Ordinance, are licensed and controlled by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under the Boarding House Ordinance.

143. They include hotels, common lodging houses, places where employers lodge their employees and the premises of societies within the meaning of the Societies Ordinance, where persons pass the night.

144. Under the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance "Common Lodging House" includes any house or part thereof or other permanent structure where male persons of the labouring, artizan or mechanical classes, not being members of the same family, to the number of ten persons or upwards are housed, but does not include a house or other permanent struc- ture where shopmen or domestic servants are housed by their employers.

145. Under the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance the Sanitary Board is given power to make by-laws for the licensing, regulation and sanitary maintenance of Common Lodging Houses.

146. Sixteen by-laws have been made under this Ordinance, one of which passes the power of registering the houses and licensing the keepers to the Secretary of Chinese Affairs.

147. In practice the Sanitary Department report on the con- dition of the house and if declared sanitary the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, if he be satisfied, registers it and licenses the keeper.

148. As mentioned above Boarding Houses include Common Lodging Houses. Some 550 Chinese Boarding House licences have been issued by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. They vary in class from 3rd class lodging houses to 1st class hotels.

SCHOOL HYGIENE.

149. Dr. G. M. Hargreaves, D.O.M.S., arrived in the Colony on April 4th, and has been in charge of the branch since that date. On June 1st the nursing staff was increased to five by two new appointments.

150. Dr. Au King and Dr. Wong Hok Nin, Chinese Medical Officers, were on duty throughout the year.

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151. During the Summer holidays the members of the Staff acted as reliefs in other branches of the Medical Department.

152. Of the schools controlled by the Education Department twenty were "provided" or Government schools (note: the Tech- nical Institute is not classed herein as a school), 333 were aided or subsidised by grants from public funds, and 718 were unaided. The number of pupils in attendance at Government schools was 5,476; similar figures for the aided and unaided schools were 28,677 and 39,195 respectively, in all a total of 73,348.

153. The purposes of a school medical service are not only to detect the sick and ailing in their early stages, but to seek for anomalies of growth and development, so that measures may be taken to prevent not only the progress of ill-health but also its causes. Its basis is the routine medical inspection of school children, and since they are collected together for definite periods they form a section of the community whose health conditions are comparatively easy to ascertain.

154. In the period under review 5,216 medical examinations (3,894 routine inspections and 1,322 re-inspections) were carried out at 14 Government schools and 8 private vernacular schools.

155. Abnormalities discovered at the time of a routine in- spection are classified into two groups :-(a) defects in need of treatment, and (b) conditions that are placed on an observation list for further consideration. The incidence of defects in need of treatment (excluding dental disease) varies according to the type of school, and is recorded as being between 19% and 30%.

156. There are three minor ailment clinics for the treatment of Government school children, and each is open on two fore- noons in the week (4,005 attendances). There are also two "special" clinics: one deals with Ear, Nose and Throat cases, the other with visual defects (745 attendances). In addition to the number of attendances recorded under "special" clinics, 219 children were examined and treated by private practitioners on account of bad eyesight. The method of securing treatment of children attending private schools was by means of advice to parents.

157. Of the total number of persons referred for re-inspection, 1,322 were seen after a reasonable interval. 59.1% were cured or definitely improved and 40.9% were in the same state as before.

158. Twenty-two Grant-in-aid and boarding schools were visited by the Medical Officers who inspect premises, furniture and cooking arrangements, but neither see nor examine the pupils. Information regarding health conditions can only be ob- tained by the study of examination records and returns of illness, the preparation of which must be left in the hands of private medical practitioners.

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159. Four hundred and nine visits of inspection were paid to new schools prior to their registration. Leniency has tem- pered the recommendations for registration, but the standard of requirements is being raised. It is to be hoped that routine visits of inspection after registration will soon be instituted.

160. The appointment of a Lady Medical Officer in 1935 will permit further work among the girl's schools.

161. As far as possible activities are being extended among the vernacular schools, particularly those situated in Wanchai where a new Health Centre is being erected.

LABOUR CONDITIONS.

162. There are no estates, plantations or mines and compara- tively few large factories. The majority of the urban labouring classes are engaged in matters connected with commerce, ship- ping or public works and the bulk of the remainder find employ- ment in shops or workshops or independent businesses. There is no need for recruitment of labour, the supply being sufficient to satisfy all demands.

163. Labourers find their own accommodations in the many tenements and lodging houses which exist in Hong Kong and Kowloon.

164. The Factories and Workshops Ordinance contains sec- tions bearing on the health of factory workers. The Public Health and Buildings Ordinance also contains sections bearing on the health of factory workers.

165. Ordinarily there are no special arrangements for the medical care of labourers other than the Government Hospitals, the Chinese Hospitals, the Chinese Dispensaries and the Mission Hospitals. The total number of third class beds in these in- stitutions available for general diseases are about 1,000 or 1 to 750 approximately.

166. Special arrangements were made for the care of the labourers engaged in the Shing Mun Water Works Scheme which was in full swing during the year. Anti-malaria precautions were taken and hospital accommodation and medical supervision provided.

HOUSING AND TOWN PLANNING.

167. There is no Town Planning Ordinance and Housing comes under that portion of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance which is administered by the Public Works Depart- ment. There is little or no zoning in the older parts of Victoria and black-smiths shops or even foundries are to be found in the midst of shop houses and domestic houses. The new re- clamation in Victoria known as the Praya East has been laid out on modern lines with wide streets and backlanes. The greater part of Kowloon and New Kowloon has been planned on up to date principles. The zones recommended by the Town Planning Committee of 1923 are being adopted.

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168. The following list shows some of the work done during the year by, or under the supervision of the Sanitary Depart- ment (items 1-4) and the building branch of the Public Works Department (items 4-10).

Nature of Work.

No. of Cases 1933.

1934.

1. Obstructions removed from open spaces.

469

458

2. Obstructions to light and ventilation

removed

824

1,604

3. Rat holes stopped

842

1,119

4. Water closets installed in private

buildings

3,365

1,415

5. Houses demolished (domestic)

130

72

6. Houses demolished (non-domestic)

2

33

7. Houses erected (domestic)

1,025

420

8. Houses erected (non-domestic)

19

99

9. Houses re-constructed (domestic)...

196

10. Houses re-constructed (non-domestic)...

169. The City of Victoria for the area it occupies is over housed and grossly over-populated. In certain districts a great deal of improvement has been brought about but in some 200 acres where there are approximately 1,000 persons to the acre sanitary conditions are bad.

170. The position as regards housing in Victoria has been explained in the introduction to this report. The situation is at the same time a sanitary problem, a social problem and an economic problem. Victoria is the centre of attraction for the stream of immigrants from China, most of whom are poor people who live from hand to mouth. Accommodation is limited but the people must find shelter somewhere. A cubicle rents for ten dollars per month, a bed in the passage costs three to four dollars, food costs at least six dollars and the average earnings of a coolie are about eighteen dollars.

171. There is no space to build further houses and demolition means an increase of concentration in the houses that remain.

172. One hopeful sign is that the people are being more and more attracted by Kowloon, Praya East and North Point where concentration is much less marked and where there is room for extension.

173. The following plan shows the dimensions of the model type of house designed by the Public Works Department. Pro- vided there be sufficient space in front and behind in the way of street and back lane and provided the occupants keep the building clean and free from obstruction to light and ventilation there is no reason why they should not live a healthy life.

·8

834

-1/8-

B

- M 47 -

-6.

-170-

PLAN OF A FLOOR IN NEW HOUSE

WITH CUBICLES

SCALE 1" 8 FT.

=

M 48

FOOD IN RELATION TO HEALTH AND DISEASES.

INSPECTION AND CONTROL OF FOOD SUPPLIES.

174. The laws dealing with this subject are the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance and the Sale of Food and Drugs Ordin- ance both of which are administered by the Sanitary Department. Stall-holders and hawkers, who come under the Licensing Ordinance, 1887, are licensed by the Police.

175. Samples of fresh milk were submitted for analysis under Section 12 of the Food and Drugs Ordinance, of which 82 were found to pass the standard and 6 to be below standard.

176. In addition the following samples of Food and Drugs were taken :-

Bean curd 4, Bran 1, Bread 7, Butter 7, Cheese 3, Chewing gum 1, Flour 18, Ghee 17, Lard 2, Oats 1, Peanut Oil 3, Furico 1, Skimmed milk 8, Sugar 1, Raspberries 3, Strawberries 2, Tinned Sauer-kraut 1, Tinned cherries 1, Loganberry 1 and Wheat 3.

Prosecutions were undertaken in 9 cases where the samples failed to satisfy the legal requirements.

177. Some thirty samples of ice and a similar number of samples of ice cream were taken during the year. The standard of bacteriological purity in some cases left much to be desired.

178. The following foodstuffs were seized and destroyed un- der Section 82 of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance:

Fruit 4200 tins and bottles, Fish 271 tins and bottles, Vegetables 439 tins and 1 cattie (fresh), Meat 49 tins, Flour 195 packages, Jam 241 tins, Jelly 8 slabs, Milk 7866 tins, Beer 3 bottles, Biscuits 22 tins, Butter 5 tins, Bran 1 carton, Cocoa 1 tin, Chocolate lb., Cheese 3 tins, Oats 1426 lbs., and 1 carton and 590 miscellaneous packages of various goods.

MARKETS, SLAUGHTER HOUSES AND DAIRIES.

179. Markets.-The markets come under the Sanitary De- partment. There is urgent need for larger and better markets in the city of Victoria. These are being provided as funds permit.

180. Slaughter Houses.-Slaughter houses and animal depots are controlled by the Veterinary Branch of the Sanitary Depart- ment. There is a Government depot at Kennedy Town (Hong Kong) for the reception of all cattle, sheep, swine and goats brought into the Colony for slaughter. The Government abattoirs are situated at Kennedy Town (Hong Kong) and at Ma Tau Kok (Kowloon). There are Government controlled slaughter houses at Aberdeen and Sai Wan Ho.

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181. Dairies.-There are a number of dairies in the Colony all of which are licensed and inspected by the Sanitary Board.

DEFICIENCY DISEASES.

182. The only information available regarding deficiency diseases is furnished by the death returns and returns of diseases furnished by the Government Hospitals and Chinese Hospitals. The Hospitals deal with only a small proportion of the sick and the whole truth regarding the incidence of disease among the masses cannot be deduced from their figures. The death returns also are misleading in that the majority of cases were not treat- ed by competent physicians prior to death and the Medical Officer examining a body in the mortuary, had no history to assist him in coming to a conclusion as to the cause of death.

183. Beri-Beri.-Polished rice is the staple food of the masses yet beri-beri is not epidemic and the deaths from this disease formed only 2.23 per cent. of the total deaths. The total number of deaths recorded was 447 and the death rate per mille population 0.47. The total number treated in the Govern- ment Hospitals for this disease was 65, those treated in the Chinese Hospitals numbered 551.

MEASURES TAKEN TO SPREAD THE KNOWLEDGE OF HYGIENE

AND SANITATION.

184. The measures taken to spread the knowledge of Hygiene and Sanitation among the populace of Hong Kong are as follows: Every year during "Health Week" the Y.M.C.A. arranges for a series of lectures to be given. The St. John Ambulance Brigade from time to time spread the gospel concerning some particular subject. A number of the schools teach elementary hygiene. The Chinese Public Dispensaries arrange periodically for popular lectures to be given by their medical officers. The "Schools" Branch of the Medical Department have a small demonstration centre and the school medical officers and nurses give lectures and demonstrations. At the Infant Welfare Centres endeavours are made to instruct the mothers who attend.

185. Health instruction to serve any useful purpose must arouse and retain the interest of those for whom it is intended. With regard to the masses little of practical value can be accom- plished without the active assistance of the mothers of the families, and the quickest and surest way of obtaining the con- fidence of the mothers is through health centres where free medical advice and treatment form the primary attraction and where the mothers make the acquaintance of tactful and sym- pathetic skilled nurses who also act as home visitors. The second best means of influencing the mother is through the school clinic where her children are medically examined by the doctor and school nurse and where opportunity is taken to add propaganda to advice.

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186. At present the Public Health Centres are the Chinese Public Dispensaries and the Government Infant Welfare Centres at Wanchai, Kowloon and in the New Territories (Lady Ho Tung Welfare Centre). There are no public health nurses or health visitors but a certain amount of visiting is done by the School and Infant Welfare Nurses.

187. With regard to School Medical Work, the staff has been strengthened by the appointment of a whole time Medical Officer, Dr. G. M. Hargreaves, D.P.H., D.O.M.S., who has had previous experience as School Medical Officer in Uganda. He is assisted by two Chinese Medical Officers and five nurses. Provision has

however been made for the appointment in 1935 of a part time Lady Medical Officer. This staff is, however, still insufficient to cope with the work of dealing with over 70,000 School children.

TRAINING OF SANITARY PERSONNEL.

188. The Medical Officers of Health hold classes and give lectures. Courses in chemistry, physics and sanitary engineering were held at the Technical Institute of the Education Depart- ment. At the Bacteriological Institute elementary instruction in bacteriology and mosquitology is given to sanitary inspectors.

189. Hong Kong is an examining centre for the Royal Sani- tary Institute and every year examinations are held for the Sanitary Inspectors Centificate and the Sanitary Science Certi- ficate. Candidates come from Shanghai to take these examina- tions. The results of the last test were very satisfactory.

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J

SECTION IV.

Port Health Work and Administration.

GENERAL.

190. Reckoned in terms of shipping tonnage, Hong Kong is one of the five greatest ports in the world. It is the principal commercial entrepot of Southern China and is the terminus of steamship lines running between China, Japan and North America.

191. In 1934, 4,824 British ocean-going steamers and 6,253 foreign ocean-going steamers entered and cleared the harbour. In addition there were 9,748 river steamers, 6,547 launches, and 16,991 foreign trade junks. The total tonnage of vessels entering and clearing was 40,054,033.

192. The Medical Staff engaged in Fort Health duties consists of two European Health Officers and two Chinese Medical Officers.

193. The work of the department includes:-

(a) Routine inspection of ships.

(b) Quarantine duty.

(c) Medical inspection of emigrants.

(d) Disinfection and fumigation of ships.

(e) Vaccination.

194. The laws dealing with the subject of Quarantine and Port Health are contained in Table L of the Hong Kong Port Regulations, the Asiatic Emigration Ordinance and the Vaccina- tion Ordinance.

195. During the year 5,547 inward bound ocean-going vessels were boarded by the Health Officers. Of these 2,420 were on the British register and 3,127 on the foreign register.

196. River steamers from Canton, Macao and West River Forts, also junks and small craft are normally visited only when cases of sickness or death are reported. However all River steamers are regularly inspected by a Health Inspector, whose duties are mainly concerned with the cleanliness and sanitation of such vessels.

197. During the year 125 special visits were made to ships for the purpose of examining persons suffering from infectious but non-quarantinable diseases.

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198. 46 permits for the landing of corpses for burial were granted and 18 bodies were sent to the mortuary for post- mortem examination. 2 cases of leprosy were detected amongst Chinese passengers. 28 Chinese lunatics arrived in the Colony during the year. Bills of Health numbering 1,680 were issued.

QUARANTINE.

199. Hong Kong has no quarantine station for ships' passen- gers or crews. When segregation is necessary it is carried out on board ship at the quarantine anchorage. A limited number (26) of infectious cases can be accommodated at the Government Infectious Diseases Hospital at Kennedy Town but there is no room for contacts.

200. All vessels arriving from "Infected" ports and those having infectious or suspicious cases on board fly the "Q" flag and go to a quarantine anchorage for examination.

201. The monthly return of quarantine ships is given in Table V.

202. During the year 10 vessels were detained in quarantine. For details, see Table IV. Fumigation and disinfection of these vessels and of the clothing and personal effects of those on board were carried out.

203. The total number of persons medically inspected during 1934 was 290,645 or an average of 796 examinations per day.

EMIGRATION.

204. The Asiatic Emigration Ordinance No. 30 of 1915 re- quires that emigrant ships shall have :-

(1) Proper and sufficient living accommodation.

(2) Proper and sufficient sanitary requirements.

(3) Proper and sufficient hospital accommodation.

(4) A sufficient supply of drugs, medical equipment and

disinfectants.

It also makes provision for :-

(1) A proper diet scale.

(2) The prevention of the export of the unfit.

(3) The prevention of the export of infectious diseases.

205. The Vaccination Ordinance 1923 requires that all emig- rants from the Colony shall be protected against Smallpox by vaccination.

.......

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206. The duty of carrying out the sanitary and medical inspection and for vaccinating those who are insufficiently pro- tected falls on the Port Health Authorities.

207. Emigrants are classified as :-

(1) "Free emigrants" or those who pay their own.

passages.

(2) Assisted emigrants or those whose passages are paid

by their prospective employers.

(3) Women and children.

208. The total number of emigrants examined during the year was 138,240 of whom 136,887 were free and 1,353 assisted. The number of rejections was 265.

209. Improved economic conditions in Malaya, due to the enhanced prices of tin and rubber, were reflected in the figures for emigration. 86,192 persons emigrated to the Straits Settle- ments during the year in comparison with 20,324 in 1933 and 19,216 in 1932. The total number of emigrants leaving Hong Kong in 1934 was 138,240 as against 64,181 in 1933 and 62,563 in 1932.

DISINFECTION AND FUMIGATION.

210. Formerly vessels were disinfected and fumigated by a private company-The Fumigating and Disinfecting Bureau, Ltd. As this Company went into voluntary liquidation in October, Government took over the Staff and equipment as such services were essential for the Port.

211. The equipment, consisting of the disinfecting hulk 'Aldecoa" and of a B type Clayton Machine mounted on a dumb barge, proved to be largely unreliable or unserviceable, so that considerable expenditure had to be incurred to bring it up to a reasonably satisfactory standard. The necessary repairs, re- newals and alterations have been carried out and the plant is now in good working order.

212. During the year, 55 ships were fumigated for the des- truction of rats and 13 ships were fumigated on account of in- fectious diseases.

VACCINATION.

213. The Government Vaccinators are members of the Port Health Staff and work under the general supervision of the Port Health Officer. They work at the Vaccination Centre and on board ships, but are detailed for work with the Sanitary Depart- ment whenever required.

214. The number of vaccinations performed by these officers was 49,293 of which 12,315 were emigrants.

M 54

TABLE I.

SHOWING EMIGRATION PASSES AND REJECTIONS FOR 1934.

Port of Destination.

Passengers.

Crews.

Rejected.

Straits Settlements

86,192

4,724

I04

Canada

4,227

13.793

20

United States of America...

3,618

9,138

25

Honolulu

696

4

Dutch East Indies

25,244

10,370

46

British North Borneo

4,104

1,953

19

Shanghai and Japan.....

6,156

1

Australia

678

2,560

5

South Sea Islands..

602

134

Panama

247

1,022

3

Havana

12

1,221

India

5,241

12,183

Mauritius

596

Reunion

394

Madagascar...

Jeddah

71

137

2 I

192

279 69

36

2

Chile

Hoihow

Total

97

4

138,240

57.735

265

TABLE II.

SHOWING MONTHLY RETURNS OF EMIGRANTS, CREWS AND

REJECTIONS.

Month.

Ships Examined.

Pas-

sengers.

Crews.

Rejected

January

24

5,246

4,697

5

February

II

1,668

2,494

2

March

27

9,457

4.536

I I

April...

30

12,915

4,901

29

May

28

12,914

4,757

19

June

30

10,002

5,334

July

31

11,568

5,068

31

August

30

11,075

4,879

34

September..

32

13,505

5,199

40

October

32

15,738

5,020

37

November.

34

16.736

5,936

20

December

31

17,416

4,914

26

Total....

340

138.240

57,735

265

M 55

TABLE III.

SHOWING CAUSES OF REJECTION OF EMIGRANTS.

Skin Diseases :·

Scabies

Dermatitis

DISEASES.

Impetigo

Eczema

Eye Diseases:

Trachoma

Acute Conjunctivitis Ophthalmia

Infectious Diseases :-

Chicken pox Small pox Measles Leprosy

Fever

Syphilis

Debility

Catarrhal Jaundice Beri Beri Inguinal Adenitis. Convulsions

Malaria

Ascites

Phthisis

Tuberculous Knee

Encephalitis

Otitis Media

Broncho-pneumonia

Abscess

Inguinal Hernia

Dysentery

Lunacy

No. REJECTED.

6

2

2

SO 4 N

36

4

1

9620

10

5

285

152

6

2

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Total

265

M 56

TABLE IV.

SHOWING THE NUMBER OF SHIPS DETAINED IN QUARANTINE WITH PORTS OF ORIGIN, CAUSES, DATES AND PERIODS OF DETENTION.

No.

Name of Vessel.

From which Port.

Date of arrival in

Date of departure

Causes.

of

Quar-

from Quar-

Cases.

antine.

antine.

Redsea Shantung

...

Pronto...

Norviken.

Sandviken

Dairen Swatow In emigration Swatow

Smallpox

19.1.34

19.1.34

23 34

2.3.34

>>

123 34

12.3.34

91

18.3.34

1.3 34

22.3.34

23.3 34

Yuen Sang.. Hydrangea....

3.4.34

3.4.34

4 4.34

4.4.34

Kut Saug

31

Amoy

10.5.34

11.5.34

Tjinegara

15.5.34

15.5.34

Sheldon

Shanghai

Suspected Cholera (for observation)

18 9.34

18.9.34

TABLE V.

SHOWING THE NUMBER OF PASSENGERS, CREWS AND SHIPS ARRIVING IN QUARANTINE EACH MONTH, 1934.

Month.

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Total

No. of Passengers.

No. of Crews.

No. of Ships.

2,750

805

9

7,354

8,971

44

16,598

13.506

I II

13,075

I2,299

8,947

9,936

ΙΟΙ 81

195

48,919

...

153

36

2

I

45

I

45.751

350

TABLE VI.

SHOWING QUARANTINE NOTIFICATIONS ISSUED BY THE HONG KONG

GOVERNMENT FOR 1934.

Date of Notification.

Port or Locality.

Disease.

Haiphong.......

Smallpox

No. 32 of 16th Jan., 1934

Shanghai

No. 83 of 5th Feb., 1934

Date of Cancellation.

No. 277 of

13th April, 1934

No. 401 of 25th May, 1934

M 57

SECTION V.

Maternity and Child Welfare.

215. MATERNITY HOSPITAL ACCOMMODATION.

Hospital.

Authority in Control.

Beds.

Government Civil ........... Government Medical Dept.

21

Victoria

Do.

I

Do.

32

Kowloon

Do.

Do.

42

Tsan Yuk

Do.

Do.

46

Wanchai

Chinese Committee.

31

Tung Wah

Do.

24

Tung Wah Eastern ............

Do.

18

Kwong Wah

Do..

59

Alice Memorial

London Mission.

14

St. Paul's

French Mission.

9

Canossa

Italian Mission.

1

Matilda

Board of Trustees.

8

War Memorial

Do.

6

Yeung Wo

Yeung Wo Directors.

6

Cheung Chau...................

St. John Ambulance Ass'n.

50

Kam Tin....

Do.

Do.

8

Sha Tau Kok

Do.

Do.

7

Tsun Wan

Do.

Do.

7

Total.........

389

VI.

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216. The maternity hospitals will be described under Section

217. During the year the St. John Ambulance Association maintained four small lying-in hospitals in the New Territories. These were situated respectively in the villages of Kam Tin, Sha Tau Kok, Tsun Wan and Cheung Chau. A hospital of 50 beds was opened at Cheung Chau in the latter part of the year.

MIDWIVES.

218. Under the Midwives Ordinance of 1910 'No one whose name is not on the Midwives Register may practise midwifery habitually for gain or describe herself as one specially qualified to carry on the work of a midwife'.

219. Training Schools for Midwives have been established at the Government Hospitals, Alice Memorial and Affiliated Hospital, Tung Wah Hospital, Tung Wah Eastern Hospital, Kwong Wah Hospital and Yeung Wo Hospital.

220. The course of training is as follows:

(a) for those who have less than two years general training two years at a Maternity Hospital recognised as such by the Board.

(b) for those who have had two years training in general

nursing one year at a recognised maternity hospital. (c) for those who are Registered Nurses (by examination) under the Nurses Registration Ordinance, Hong Kong, six months at such Maternity Hospital as aforesaid.

221. During 1934 fifty-three candidates satisfied the ex- aminers at the Midwives Board Examinations and were regis- tered. One, holding a Certificate from the Central Midwives Board, Great Britain, was registered without examination.

222. The total number on the Midwives Register at the end of 1934 was 283 (287 in 1933).

223. The number of midwives on the Government Midwives Establishment has been increased from eight to twelve by the appointment of midwives to Sai Kung, Ho Tung Welfare Centre at Sheung Shui, and two midwives to Ruttonjee Dispensary at Sham Tseung. Four of the midwives were detailed for extra duty in connection with the Chinese Public Dispensaries (Yau- mati, Shaukiwan, Aberdeen and Kowloon City) and eight for duty in the New Territories (Un Long, Tai Fo, Cheung Chow, Tai O, Sham Tseung (2), Sai Kung, Sheung Shui). The services of a!! Government midwives are free.

224. During the year 1,823 cases were attended by the Government midwives. The number was 1,605 in 1933, showing an increase of 218 in 1934.

are:

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ANTE-NATAL AND INFANT WELFARE WORK.

225. The ante-natal and infant welfare centres in the Colony

The Government Infant Welfare Centre, Wanchai.

The Government Infant Welfare Centre, Kowloon.

The Tsan Yuk Hospital Centre.

The Tung Wah Hospital Centre.

The Alice Memorial Hospital Centre.

The Military Centre.

226. Infants are of course seen and treated at all hospitals both as inpatients and outpatients and at all the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

227. With regard to the New Territories, Government has made provision for infant welfare at the Government Dispen- saries. The Government Travelling Dispensary which stops at road-side villages dispenses advice and medicines free. Two new Government Centres were opened during the year, one the Lady Ho Tung Welfare Centre near Ko Tung, the other the Ruttonjee Dispensary at Sham Tseng.

228. The St. John Ambulance Brigade have established ten centres in the New Territories where infants and mothers can receive treatment.

THE GOVERNMENT INFANT WELFARE CENTRES.

229. Infant welfare work was continued throughout the year in the Centre at 86A & B, Lockhart Road, Wanchai, where there has been a great increase in attendance. It was mentioned in the last annual report that the premises were too small for the numbers attending, and the further large increase in attend- ance has resulted in the work of this centre being hampered by overcrowding. It is expected, however, that the more spacious quarters in the new Health Centre, now in course of erection in Wanchai, will remedy this.

230. During the year under review Infant Welfare Work was extended to the mainland by establishing a Centre in Kowloon. This new centre was opened on June 1st, and the numbers already attending show the need for infant welfare work in the district. Situated on the ground floor of 225, Nathan Road, the premises were originally intended for a residential flat. They were altered as far as possible to meet the requirements of a Centre, and now consist of a waiting-room, bathing and weigh- ing room, treatment and nursery room, dispensary, patients' latrines, staff dressing room, kitchen and servant's quarters.

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231. Attendance:-The attendance at the two centres and other particulars of interest are shown in the following table :

Wanchai.

Kowloon.

Month

Total At- tendance

Daily Average

Total At-

Daily

tendance Average

January..

1,018

39.15

February

796

36.19

March

977

39.09

April

1,142

47.58

May

1,402

56.08

June

1,399

55.96

364

15,52

July

1,507

60.28

810

32.40

August

1,507,

57.96

891

34.23

September...

1,671

69.63

1,295

54.00

October

1,837

70.65

1,510

58.00

November

1,803

72.12

1,438

57.52

December

1,753

73.04

1,362

50.75

Wanchai

Kowloon

Maximum attendance on one day

116

70

Total for year

16,812

7,670

Infants under supervision

1,584

835

Average age at first visit.........

3 months

5 months

10 days

Percentage breastfed at first visit. 67.4 per cent.

70

per cent.

Percentage of males..........

50.4

51.4

""

Percentage living near Centre

80

74

22

""

Number of vaccinations performed 276

114

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232. Disease: -At the first visit to the Centres, the great majority of infants required medical treatment. The numbers suffering from the more prevalent diseases and disorders are tabulated under:

Digestive Disturbances

Wanchai

Kowloon

500

301

Gastro-Enteritis

72

63

Malnutrition

324

247

Infected Umbilicus

63

29

Umbilical Hernia...

101

64

Conjunctivitis

340

153

Discharging Ears

25

18

Thrush

211

128

Skin Diseases

426

388

Phimosis

176

117

Jaundice

38

16

Anaemia

Congenital Syphilis

Rickets

Respiratory diseases.

51

30

14

7

51

15

657

348

233. General Remarks:-In view of the fact that some 68 per cent of the infants were either wholly or partly breast-fed when they first attended the Centre, it is remarkable that such a large number were suffering from some digestive disturbance. It was found that irregular feeding and unsuitable supplementary food were the common causes of this. In both centres, there- fore, we are attacking this problem by the careful instruction of mothers in the need for regular feeding, and by impressing upon them the importance of correctly diluted cow's milk for supple- mentary feeds.

234. In this connection, the Society for the Protection of Children gives valuable aid in supplying free milk to the poorer mothers, in cooperating with us in the instruction of the mothers, and in visiting the homes of cases referred to them.

235. Home visits are also paid by the nursing staff of the Wanchai Centre and will be started at the Kowloon Centre when there is sufficient staff.

236. Soup Kitchens:-A free distribution of soup to poor nursing mothers and under-nourished older babies was started at Wanchai on January 22nd and at Kowloon on June 1st. This has been continued for the remainder of the year in the after- noons, with a daily average of about 20 free meals at each centre. Free soup is a great boon to these poor people, and is doing much to improve the health of their babies..

:

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237. Staff:-The Infant Welfare Staff consists of one Eu- ropean Lady Medical Officer, one Chinese Lady Medical Officer, four nurses, two dispensers, one interpreter, two amahs and two coolies. In addition valuable assistance has been given by some voluntary workers, in particular by Mrs. C. W. E. Bishop, who attended the Wanchai Centre every Monday regularly through- out the year.

THE TSAN YUK INFANT WELFARE CENTRE AND ANTE-NATAL CLINIC.

238. The Infant Welfare Clinic, which is held every Friday morning, was conducted by one or more of the Government Lady Medical Officers up to the end of September and from the 1st of October by the Gynaecological and Obstetrical Unit of the University. The Clinic is restricted to babies who have been born in the hospital and the number of new cases was 628 (496 in 1933) and the number of old cases 1,796 (1,495 in 1933). The average attendance per clinic was 47.52 (41.47 in 1933).

239. The ante-natal clinic has been in existence for more than four years and the number of cases is increasing gradually. The total number of patients who attended the clinic was 223 and the total number of visits paid was 319. The Chinese look upon pregnancy as a normal occurrence and as a rule they come to the clinic only to find out the probable date of delivery.

THE ALICE MEMORIAL INFANT WELFARE CENTRE AND ANTE-NATAL CLINIC.

240. The Alice Memorial Infant Welfare Centre like that of the Tsan Yuk deals only with babies who have been born in the hospital. There were 340 first visits and 515 return visits.

241. At the Ante-Natal Clinic there were 216 first visits and 97 return visits.

THE CHINESE HOSPITALS INFANT WELFARE CENTRE.

242. The Tung Wah Infant Welfare Centre is held once a week under the supervision of the Western trained medical officers. The babies are weighed and the mothers advised con- cerning feeding and care of infants. The total number of attend- ances was 2,291, that for 1933 was 1,270.

243. The Childrens' Clinic at the Kwong Wah Hospital is held twice a week. The number of cases seen was 2,670. An Ante-Natal Clinic is held weekly in the Maternity Block, where 259 cases were seen during the course of the year.

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SECTION VI.

Hospitals, Institutes, Etc.

GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS.

244. The Government Hospitals are:-The Government Civil Hospital, the Victoria Hospital, the Kowloon Hospital, the Tsan Yuk Hospital, and the Infectious Diseases Hospital.

GOVERNMENT CIVIL HOSPITAL.

245. The Government Civil Hospital, which was built in 1874 and which occupies a site in the middle of the most populous area, is the largest Government hospital in the Colony. It has accommodation for 246 patients, including the 21 maternity beds, which are in a Bungalow separated from the main buildings. The majority of the maternity beds and about 100 beds in the main building are under the control of the Clinical Professors of the Hong Kong University, who have been appointed respective- ly Physician, Surgeon, and Obstetric Physician to the hospital and who are responsible to the Director of Medical and Sanitary Services for the duties they perform in the hospital. They have also been appointed consultants to Government. The University Clinic do all the outpatient work except that connected with the Venereal Diseases Clinic which is attended to by the Government Venereal Diseases Specialist.

246. Dr. J. E. Dovey was Medical Officer in charge until 8th February 1934, when Dr. D. J. Valentine, M.C., took over charge for the remainder of the year. Dr. G. H. Thomas and Dr. A. D. Wong were assisting.

247. The number of inpatients, exclusive of those in the maternity block, was 5,063 (5,113 in 1933), of which 1,034 were treated by the University staff and 4,029 by the Government Medical Officers.

248. The 1,034 patients treated by the University staff were made up as follows:

Medical cases

Surgical cases

Gynaecological cases

406

487

141

249. The daily average number of inpatients was 196, that

for the previous year was 197.

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250. The nationality of the patients was:-

Chinese

Indian

European

Portuguese

Russian

Japanese

Other nationalities

3.586

1,052

260

50

29

27

59

5,063

251. A large proportion of the total patients receive treat- ment free of charge.

252. There were 317 deaths. The case death rate was 62.5 per mille (51.24 per mille in 1933).

253. 1,273 major operations were performed (1,169 in 1933). Of these 703 were from the University Surgical Clinic, 102 from the University Gynaecological Clinic and the remaining 468 were performed by the Government Medical Officers.

254. There were 954 accidents of a nature so serious as to require treatment as inpatients (934 in 1933).

255. Police Wards.-The total number of admissions and deaths were as follows:

Admissions.

Deaths.

British

71

Russian shipguards

22

Indians

787

5

Chinese (Cantonese)

54

Chinese (Wei-hai-wei)

161

Total.......

1,095

5

256. The daily average number of Government Servants treated by the Government Medical Officers as outpatients was 36 (32 in 1933).

257. Outpatients Department.-This department is open both morning and afternoon. The number of attendances, exclu- sive of Venereal Diseases cases, was 32,478 (51,925 in 1933). In addition there were 15,688 attendances for dressing (14,618 in 1933). The number of prescriptions dispensed was 63,224 (63,262 in 1933). The number of vaccinations was 1,076.

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Maternity Bungalow at the Government Civil Hospital.

258. The Bungalow has accommodation for twenty-one patients and is mainly for the use of Asiatic women.

259. There are three general wards with a total of sixteen beds, two private wards with two beds each and one isolation ward with one bed.

260. The majority of patients are under the care of the Professor of Obstetrics of the University, he being at the same time Obstetric Physician to the Government Civil Hospital.

261. The admissions during the year were 939 (912 in 1933), making a total of 954 cases treated. There were altogether 705 deliveries of which 123 cases were under the care of the Govern- ment Medical Officers and 682 under the Professor of Obstetrics and his Assistants.

262. The daily average number of patients in the hospital was 21 excluding infants.

263. The Nationalities of the patients were as follows:-

English

Portuguese

Japanese

Indians

Chinese

Total

1

7

18

66

862

954

264. There was one Maternity death from Anaemia and heart failure. Twenty eight infants were stillborn and 4 died of pre- maturity.

265. The reports of the Professors in charge of the various University Clinics will be found in Appendix D.

The Mental Hospital.

266. The Mental Hospital which is an annex to the Govern- ment Civil Hospital has accommodation for 14 Europeans and 18 Asiatics.

267. This institution is intended for use only as a temporary abode for the mentally affected pending arrangements being made for their transfer to Europe or Canton.

268. The Medical Officer of the Government Civil Hospital is in administrative charge.

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Patients.

Remaining from 1933

37

Admissions during the year...............

307

344

Discharged apparently cured

97

Discharged relieved.

80

Transferred to the Canton Mental

Hospital

124

Died

3

Remaining at end of 1934

40

344

Daily average number of patients 44.2.

VICTORIA GENERAL AND MATERNITY HOSPITAL.

269. The Victoria Hospital which was originally built for the accommodation of women and children is now a general and maternity institution. Situated in the residential area well above the level of the town it has a clear view across the harbour of the territory on the opposite side. There are 42 general beds and 32 maternity beds, in separate blocks with entirely separate staff for each building.

270. Dr. I. Newton was Medical Officer in Charge at the commencement of the year until 24th February 1934, when he went on leave and was relieved by Dr. J. E. Dovey.

271. During the year 430 cases were treated, 359 in the General Block and 71 in the Maternity Block. The patients treated in the General Block were men 59, women 181 and children 119. There were 5 deaths.

272. The daily average number of patients exclusive of maternity patients was 12.3.

273. The Nationality of those treated was:-

European

Chinese

324

12

23

Other nationalities

Total

359

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The Maternity Block.

274. The number of beds in this hospital is thirty-two.

275. The admissions during the year were 65 (111 in 1933). The total number of cases treated was 71 (120 in 1933).

276. There were 59 deliveries with two stillbirths. There was no maternal death.

277. The daily average number of patients was 3 mothers and 2.5 infants.

278. The Maternity Block is available for private patients who wish to be attended by their own doctors. Eight patients availed themselves of the privilege.

KOWLOON HOSPITAL.

279. This hospital is sitatued on the mainland. It consists of four two storied blocks, one of which, containing 42 beds is reserved for Maternity cases.

280. The total accommodation of the hospital is 140 beds, 48 of which were added during the year by the opening of a new general block in June.

281. Previous to the opening of the new block the Maternity Block had been used for general cases only. The opening of this block for the reception of Maternity patients filled a long felt want as there was no provision on the mainland for European women. Private patients may be attended by their own doctor if they so desire. During the latter half of the year 170 patients were admitted of whom 7 were attended by their own doctors.

282. Dr. J. T. Smalley, Senior Medical Officer, has been in charge during the year, assisted by Dr. P. F. S. Court and Dr. C. H. Luk. Dr. J. B. Mackie gave occasional assistance until he went on leave when he was succeeded by Dr. K. H. Uttley. In addition a succession of Chinese Medical Officers have also rendered assistance. At present the hospital has the full time service of Dr. C. K. Yu.

283. C. Block was opened for 3rd Class Class Chinese Male patients on 7th June, 1934.

284. The total number of cases treated in hospital was 2,536 as compared with 2,321 in 1933.

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285. The nationalities were made up as follows:

European

Chinese

Indians

Others

Males. Females.

Total.

380

324

704

1,341

422

1,763

11

9

20

35

14

49

1,767

769

2,536

286. The deaths numbered 192 of these 124 being Males and 68 being females.

287. The daily average number of patients was 88.7 (70.9 in 1933).

288. During the year 785 operations were performed under general anaethesia (610 in 1933).

289. The number of police admitted was as follows:

Europeans.

60

Chinese,

183

Indians.

0

Outpatients Department.

290. The number of outpatients' visits recorded as compared with previous years were as follows:-

New cases

1930. 1931. 1932. 1933. 1934. 9,471 9,731 10,449 12,439 13,813

Old cases

3,029 5,333 7,167 7,040 8,986

Dressings

5,482 6.833 8,111 8,331 9,512

17,982 21,897 25,727 27,810 32,311

In addition 542 vaccinations were performed.

291. The number of prescriptions dispensed during the year was 18,328 (12,978 in 1933).

Maternity Block.

292. The Block was opened for Maternity cases on 7th June.

293. The number of beds in this hospital is forty-two,

M 69

294. The admissions during the year were 170, 9 of them remaining in hospital at end of 1934:-

Parturition

Pregnancy

Abortion

False Labour

Mitral Incompetence

Contusion of chest wall Miscarriage

Total

148

15

1

3

1

1

1

170

295. There were 140 deliveries with 5 stillbirths. one case of twins. There was one maternal death.

There was

296. The daily average number of patients was 8.2.

THE TSAN YUK HOSPITAL.

297. This hospital which was formerly administered by the Committee of the Chinese Western Dispensary, was handed over, as a gift, to Government on January 1st 1934.

298. The total number of beds is 60, of which 46 are reserved for maternity cases and 14 for gynaecological patients.

299. Dr. (Mrs.) A. L. J. Dovey was responsible for the administration of the Hospital and Out-patient Department, until July, when the administrative duties were transferred to the Medical Officer in Charge of the Civil Hospital.

300. The treatment of the intern patients has been for several years under the University Obstetrical Clinic and in September the Clinic was made responsible for all treatment, both intern and extern.

301. The total number of cases treated was 1,968 of whom 37 remained from 1933 and 1,931 were admitted. There were 10 deaths.

302. The maternity cases numbered 1,729 of whom 1,582 were delivered. Six Mothers and 35 infants died and there were 71 Still-births.

303. The causes of the infantile deaths were as follows:-

Frematurity

Hydrocephalus

Cerebral haemorrhage

Congenital Syphilis

28

1

3

M 70

304. The number of cases treated in the Gynaecological Department numbered 239. There were 4 deaths. 113 opera- tions were performed.

305. The following table shows the attendances at the Outpatient Department:-

Clinic

New

cases

Return

Average

Total

Total

attendance

visits

1933

1934

at clinic

Gynaecological

695

789

29.1

1,107

1,484

Venereal Diseases

468

1,309

36.26

1,848

1,777

Antenatal......

96

223

6.25

263

319

Infant Welfare

628

1,796

47.52

1,991

2,424

Total.....

1,887

4,117

29.28

5,209

6,001

VENEREAL. DISEASES CLINICS.

306. Dr. J. A. R. Selby, Government Venereal Diseases Officer, was in charge during the year, assisted by Dr. Cheung Kung Leung (Chinese Medical Officer) and Mr. A. Steven (Technical Assistant).

307. Miss. Brown (Nurse) resigned on 1st November, and Miss. Ivy Soong was appointed in her place.

308. The Government Lady Medical Officers, Doctors Lai, Ruttonjee, and Cheng, assisted at the clinics for women.

309. There are now four Government V.D. Clinics: -

(a) at the Government Civil Hospital.

(b) at the Kowloon Hospital.

(c) at South Kowloon (Tsim Sha Tsui) close to the

docks.

(d) at Tsan Yuk Hospital.

All treatment is given free of charge.

310. Clinics are held daily as follows:-

At the Government Civil Hospital:

ན་

Mondays and Wednesdays.-10 a.m. for Chinese. Tuesdays.-10 a.m. and 5 p.m. for European.

Thursdays.-10 a.m. for Indians.

Fridays.-10 a.m. for women only.

At the Kowloon Hospital:-

Tuesdays.-2.30 p.m. for males only.

Fridays.-2.30 p.m. for women only.

M 71

At the South Kowloon Centre:

Mondays. 10 a.m. and Thursdays.-2 p.m. for

Indians.

Mondays.-2.30 p.m. for women only.

Tuesdays.-10 a.m. and Fridays.-2.30 p.m. for

Chinese Males.

Tuesdays.-2.30 p.m. and Saturdays.-10.30 a.m.

for Europeans.

This Clinic is open daily from 8 a.m. to noon and from 1 p.m. to 8 p.m. for the treatment of males and from 12 noon to 1 p.m. for the treatment of females. A trained dresser is in charge of the male treatments and a nurse in charge of the female treatments.

311. A new Clinic in the Wanchai district should be ready for occupation during the ensuing year. Provision is also being made in the New Out-patient Department at the Kowloon Hospital.

312. 24 beds were reserved for V.D. Male cases in the G.C.H., and these were kept full throughout the year. There is still an urgent need for beds for female cases.

313. The total number of new cases treated was 5,109 as compared with 4,331 in 1983 and 2,881 in 1932.

314. The total number of attendances was 24,341 as com- pared with 17,143 in 1933 and 10,733 in 1932. Of these males numbered 18,811 and females 5,530.

315. The nationality and sex of new cases treated at the above clinics were as follows:

1933.

1934.

Male. Female. Male. Female.

Europeans

157

4

162

1

Chinese

2,998

1,027

3,392

1,302

Indians

141

4

221

Other Nationalities

0

0

29

2

3,296

1,035

3,804 1,305

M 72

316. The diseases treated :-

1933.

1934.

Male.

Female.

Male.

Female.

Syphilis

1,649

398

1,609

381

Chancroid

132

259

Gonorrhoea

358

240

702

275

Syphilis with Gonorrhoea

122

53

156

58

Observation

948

343

900

406

Other diseases

42

1

178

185

3,296 1,035

3,804 1,305

317. 7,177 specimens of blood were sent to the Bacteriolo- gical Institute for Wasserman test, the results being as follows:-

Males.

Females. Total.

Strong Positive

1,893

473 2,366

Positive

418

138

556

Weak Positive

437

115

552

Doubtful

485

99

584

Negative

2,188

931

3,119

5,421

1,756

7,177

318. 10,491 injections of N.A.B. and 1,247 injections of Bismuth were given to the out-patients.

Tsan Yuk Hospital V. D. Clinic.

319. This Clinic is held weekly in the Outpatient Depart- ment of the Tsan Yuk Hospital, under the direction of the Professor of Obstetrics of the Hong Kong University.

320. 468 new patients were treated. There was a total of

1,777 attendances (1,394 in 1933).

321. The diseases treated were as follows:-

1933.

1934.

Syphilis

85

130

Syphilis with gonorrhoea

69

14

Gonorrhoea

151

52

Soft Chancre

No apparent disease

149

272

Total

454

468

M 73

322. 5 injections of N.A.B. were given.

323. 492 specimens of blood were sent to the Bacteriological Institute for examination with the following results:-

Positive Negative Doubtful

Total

168

295

29

492

324. 610 injections of N.A.B. and 10 injections of Bismuth were given to outpatients.

Hospital Outpatient Treatment.

325. Venereal cases were seen at the outpatient depart- ments of the various hospitals and dispensaries.

X-RAY, MASSAGE AND ELECTRO-THERAPEUTIC BRANCH.

326. Dr. F. J. Farr was in charge of this branch during the year.

He was assisted by Mr. J. Skinner, M.S.R., B.P.A. as Radiographer, Miss L. M. Siggins, C.S.M.M.G., B.P.A.,

and Miss M. H. Hughes, C.S.M.M.G., B.P.A., as Masseuses and Electrotherapists.

327. Miss. I. Warbrick, M.S.R., was appointed X-Ray Sister on the retirement of Miss. C. S. Mackenzie on May 10th.

328. Mr. J. Robertson, Radiographer, Class I. R.A.M.C., was appointed on February 1st.

329. Miss E. Anderson, having completed two years as Pupil Masseuse was allowed to take her final examination in December and satisfied the examiners in all subjects. Two Volunteer Pupil Masseuses, Miss. D. Beaumont and Miss. E. Poon were accepted for training in October.

330. Mr. Hong Ping Yuen was seconded from the Electrical Department, P.W.D., as Technician in charge of X-Ray and Electrical apparatus. This appointment has been most successful, and urgent repairs have been considerably expedited, and the general maintenance of the apparatus greatly improved in consequence.

331. The increase in the work of all branches noted in 1933 was maintained. The following tables show the figures for the three years 1932, 1933, and 1934:

Massage and electric treatments

Radiological examinations

Films exposed

1932.

1933. 1934.

9,498 10,579 12,947

2,696 3,076 3,991

4,521

5,477

8,208

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332. From June 1st. the routine use of X-Ray paper was instituted for suitable cases. 1,832 sheets were used, at a saving of $958, over the cost of films. The great increase in the number of films used was largely due to the very large number of cases referred for extensive examination-Barium Meals, Pyelography, and Cholecystography. These examinations will increase in frequency as the clinicians continue to appreciate the value of such for differential diagnosis in obscure cases.

333. Of the total Radiological examinations 3,133 were done at the Government Civil Hospital and 858 at the Kowloon Hospital against 424 at the latter Hospital in 1933.

334. The apparatus at Kowloon was rebuilt by the Electrical Department, P.W.D., and while still unsatisfactory for many modern methods of radiography, is now able to handle most routine examinations.

335. The increase in the number of films handled at Kowloon necessitated the installation of a "Frigidaire" controlled developing system which was built locally on the lines of that already in use at the G.C.H. It has been completely satis- factory in use.

336. During the year an X-Ray tube was destroyed by puncture owing to excessive humidity.

337. Of the total number of Massage and electrical treat- ments 4,939 were carried out at the Government Civil Hospital, 7,077 at the Kowloon Hospital, and 931 at the Victoria Hospital.

338. The opening of the new wards at Kowloon Hospital resulted in the accommodation for the Massage and electrical treatment becoming so inadequate that work was almost impossible. Two small wards on the ground floor of "A" block were converted for these purposes late in June, and proved much more satisfactory. In 1933, 3,634 treatments were carried out.

339. There is a great need for more extensive and appro- priate accommodation for X-ray, massage, and electro-therapy work both at the Government Civil Hospital and at Kowloon. The building of the new G.C.H. will eventually house an up to date installation for both purposes, and a special building for both purposes at Kowloon is urgently required.

340. Considerable use was again made of the Radium lent by the Matilda Hospital. It is certain that the value of this. Radium will be very greatly enhanced, from a therapeutic point of view, when modern X-Ray Therapy is available. Even in centres where Radium to the amount of six or seven grammes is available the provision of at least two X-Ray Therapy plants is considered necessary.

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GOVERNMENT DISPENSARIES.

341. The Dispensaries maintained by Government during the year under review were the Taipo Dispensary, the Un Long Dispensary, the Ruttonjee Dispensary, the Lady Ho Tung Welfare Centre, the Sai Kung Dispensary and the Tai-O Dispensary, all in the New Territories. Details with regard to these will be found in Section X which deals with the New Territories.

THE GOVERNMENT INFECTIOUS DISEASES HOSPITAL.

342. This was originally a Police Station but was adapted as a hospital and has accommodation for 26 beds in six wards. The hospital is situated very close to the extreme western end of the Island and next door to the Tung Wah Smallpox Hospital. It is admirably situated for its purpose being more or less. isolated yet convenient for access by ambulance, by bus, or by launch.

343. Dr. G. V. A. Griffith was in charge until February 1st. when Dr. L. D. Pringle took over and was in charge during the remainder of the year.

344. During the year the buildings were completely renovated and redecorated. The electrical wiring was all renewed.

8.

345. The total number of admissions during the year was There were no deaths. The following table shows the nature of the diseases.

Diseases.

Small-pox.. Measles..

Chicken-pox

Admissions.

Deaths.

6

1

1

Of the small-pox cases three were infected outside the Colony.

THE CHINESE HOSPITALS AND DISPENSARIES.

346. The Chinese Hospitals and Chinese Dispensaries are institutions established by the Chinese for the benefit of the poor of Chinese nationality. Intended to be additional to, not in substitution of, the Government Hospitals they serve a very useful purpose not only in the matter of medical relief but in that of health education.

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347. An enormous and ever-increasing number of sick too poor to pay a doctor's fee or to buy proper medicine, are successfully reached.

348. There are three general hospitais each with maternity wards attached, one smallpox hospital, one maternity hospital and nine public dispensaries.

349. They are maintained by subscriptions from the public, by donations from the Chinese General Charities Fund and by direct grants from Government. They are controlled by Chinese Committees who work in close co-operation with the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

choose

350. In the three big hospitals the patient can between Western and Chinese methods of treatment, but in the Maternity Hospitals and Dispensaries Western Medicine only is practised. Government Lady Doctors hold gynaecological clinics in each of the dispensaries once or twice a week.

351. Both Hospitals and Dispensaries are subject to inspec- tion by the Government Medical Department. There are four officers of the Department whose duty it is to visit the various institutions and to give advice and assistance. These officers work in close touch with the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

The Chinese Hospitals.

352. The Tung Wah Hospital situated in the centre of the most thickly populated area in Victoria was founded by the Chinese in 1873 with the help and encouragement of the Govern- ment. It took the place of a Home for the Dying which had been conducted by charitable Chinese, and it was intended to provide treatment by Chinese herbalists, and accommodation in sanitary surroundings for the poor of the Chinese race.

353. Originally intended for the accommodation and treat- ment of those Chinese whose fears and prejudices against Western Medicine prevented their applying for relief at the Government Hospitals, the Tung Wah at a later period introduced and encouraged scientific methods. As prejudice disappeared and · confidence grew the demand for Western medicine increased until now the number being treated by this method equals that which still pins its faith to the plasters and decoctions of the herbalists.

354. The Tung Wah Smallpox Hospital situated at the extreme west end of Victoria was erected in 1902.

355. The Tung Wah Eastern Hospital situated at the extreme east end of Victoria was opened in 1929.

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356. The Government gave the sites and with grants of money assisted in the erection of the buildings.

357. The Kwong Wah Hospital situated in the Central District of Kowloon was built in 1911 to meet the needs of those resident in the Peninsula. The funds for its erection were raised by public subscription.

358. In administrative control of the four hospitals is the Tung Wah Committee, a body of Chinese gentlemen elected each year by the subscribers.

359. The activities of the Chinese Hospitals include:

(a) The care of the sick and treatment by Western methods or Chinese methods according to the wishes of the patients.

(b) Maternity benefits and infant welfare by Western

methods only.

(c) Vaccination.

(d) Health propaganda.

(e) Assistance to the destitute.

The provision of coffins for and the burial of the dead.

360. Much progress has been made in all departments of the hospitals during the last few years. These improvements include:

(a) The appointment of University graduates as full-

time Resident Medical Officers.

(b) The foundation of training schools for female nurses. (c) Extensions and improvements in the male nursing

section.

(d) The establishment of clinical laboratories.

(e) The provision of radiological apparatus.

(f) The establishment of up-to-date operating theatres.

(g) The purchase of motor ambulances.

(h) Improvements in the accommodation for patients. (i) Improvements in quarters for the staff.

361. Today each of the three Chinese Hospitals has a good operating theatre where operations are performed daily, many of which are major in character.

362. In charge of the medical side (Western) of each hospital is a Medical Superintendent, a graduate of the University, whose salary is paid by Government, and who is a member of the Medical Department.

M 78

THE TUNG WAH HOSPITAL.

363. The year 1933 witnessed the demolition and reconstruc- tion of a considerable portion of this institution. Established in 1873 and added to from time to time it had become a confusing assemblage of buildings some of which were much below the standard required in a modern hospital or infirmary. As men- tioned in the 1933 annual report the wards were, many of them, old, dark, and in some respects insanitary but they provided shelter, food and medical attendance for many sufferers who would otherwise have had no means of relief.

364. Nothing short of demolition and reconstruction could make the place satisfactory. There were of course sentimental objections to the demolition of the fine old assembly hall where year after year the directors had met and discussed the problems confronting them but space was very limited and it was not possible to retain the old hall and at the same time erect a building which would meet the requirements of the situation. It was decided therefore to raze the hall and the insanitary buildings and construct in their place a six storey modern hospitai incorporating in it a new assembly hall.

365. The New Block, which was opened to receive patients early in 1934. contains accommodation for 144 beds. The whole hospital now has accommodation for 451 beds. It is hoped to replace the remaining out-of-date buildings as funds become available.

366. The staff consists of a Chinese Medical Officer of the Government Medical Department and three Resident Medical Officers whose salaries are paid by the Hospital. There are in addition a number of Chinese Herbalists who practise Chinese medicine for the benefit of those who perfer that treatment.

367.

Inpatients (General).

Western Chinese Maternity Total. treatment. treatment. Cases.

1933

1934

5,588

4,491 1,600 11,679

5,671

5,480

1,320 12,471

368. There were 1,443 operations including 360 major cases.

369.

1933

1934

Outpatients (General).

Western Chinese Total. treatment. treatment.

28,443 179,821 208,264

23,227 159,511 182,738

M 79

370.

Eye Clinic.

1933

12,540

1934

13,883

371.

Baby Clinic.

1933

1,270

1934

2,291

372.

Deaths.

Brought in dead.

1933

2,249

1,042

1934

2,170

687

373. A large proportion of the deaths in the Hospital occur within 24 hours of admission. The sick poor go there to die. Those brought in dead include bodies sent from ships in harbour, from neighbouring hospitals, from the Public Dispensaries and from private houses. All are taken to the Tung Wah for the benefit of free coffining and free burial.

THE KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.

374. This hospital does for Kowloon and the Peninsula what the Tung Wah and the Tung Wah Eastern do for the Island of Hong Kong. There is official accommodation for about 326 beds, of which 229 are for general diseases, 40 are for tuberculosis cases and 59 are for maternity cases. There are 18 private wards including 7 for maternity cases.

375. The accommodation cannot keep pace with the growth in population. Kowloon has considerably more than doubled it- self during the last ten years. No patient is turned away for want of room and in both medical and surgical wards it is com- mon to find two in a bed, and others sleeping on the floor.

376. The staff consists of a Senior Resident Medical Officer whose salary is paid by the Government, and three Assistant Medical Officers paid by the Directors.

377. There are also a number of Chinese Herbalists who practise Chinese medicine and are paid out of Hospital funds.

378. The patients, on admittance, can choose whether they desire treatment on Western or Chinese lines.

379.

Inpatients.

Western Chinese Maternity Total. treatment. treatment. Cases.

1933

6,082

3,195

4,006 13,283

1934

5,902

2,883

4,406

13,191

M 80

380. There were 309 major operations, the number for 1933 being 261.

381.

Outpatients.

1933

1934

Western Chinese Total. treatment. treatment.

40,373 114,627 155,000

45,934

138,745 184,679

382. There were 3,813 eye cases as compared with 1,824 for the previous year.

383. The number of deaths in hospital was 3,444, of which 2,149 were admitted in a serious condition and died within 48 hours.

384. There is a small laboratory where facilities are available for ordinary routine microscopic examination.

385. A children's clinic is held twice a week. The attend- ance numbered 2,670.

386. There is also an antenatal clinic held once a week in the Maternity Block. The number of cases seen was 259.

THE TUNG WAH EASTERN HOSPITAL.

387. This hospital is situated at the eastern part of the City of Victoria. It was built in 1929: and overlooks the Sookunpoo Valley playing-fields. It has modern fittings and equipment. All the wards have through and through ventilation and there is a modern well-lighted operating theatre. It has accommoda- tion for 260 beds, of which 218 are for general, 14 for maternity and 28 for tuberculosis patients

388. The staff consists of a Chinese Medical Officer whose salary is paid by Government, and two Assistant Medical Officers appointed by the Directors.

389. As in the other Chinese Hospitals, patients, admission, can choose whether they wish to be treated by the Western trained Medical Officers or the Chinese Herbalists.

390.

Inpatients.

Western Chinese Maternity Total. treatment. treatment. Cases.

1933

2.560 2,680

767

6,007

1934

3,050

2,528

954

6,532

391.

1933

1934

392.

M 81

Major Operations under

General Anaesthesia.

151

186

Outpatients.

Western Chinese Total.

treatment. treatment.

1933

1934

22,211

52,005 74,216

22,117

58,954 81,071

393.

Vaccination.

1933

1934

443

854

394. Two wards have been set aside (one male and one female) for patients who are able to make some payment but who cannot afford a private room. The charge in these wards is $1.40 per day including food and medicine. Each patient can, if he desires, bring in an attendant to help in looking after him. There are 14 beds in the Male ward and 8 in the Female.

395. There are 24 small private wards where the inclusive fee per day is $3.00. The wards are popular.

396. A ward of 12 beds has been reserved for the treatment of opium addicts. These patients are mostly business men who find they cannot afford the luxury of opium in these days of depression. They appear to be earnest in their desire to rid themselves of their handicap. The course of treatment is usually complete within three weeks. The cost is defrayed by Govern- ment. During the year 413 patients were treated.

397. Deaths in 1934 numbered 1,350. A large proportion of these died within 24 hours of admission. 667 bodies were brought in for burial.

THE TUNG WAH SMALLPOX HOSPITAL.

398. The Tung Wah Smallpox Hospital, erected in 1902 for the herbal treatment of smallpox cases, consists of six wards arranged in three two-storied blocks and faced by another group of three two-storied blocks intended for staff quarters and for administration purposes.

399. At a distance and separated by a yard are the kitchens, the servants quarters and the mortuary. The whole is contained in a large compound.

100. All the blocks are connected by covered ways.

M 82

401. This hospital at the time of its construction was con- sidered to have all the requirements necessary for the proper treatment of smallpox cases by Chinese methods.

402. There was room for 60 cases without overcrowding but there was no arrangement for heating the wards and no water carriage system.

403. The staff consists of a Chinese coolie as a caretaker and an amah. There is no resident doctor and no clerk and there are neither dressers nor nurses.

404. A herbalist from the Tung Wah visits daily and prescribes infusions but there is no attempt at nursing. Certain hospital clothing is provided but the patients as often as not wear their own clothes.

405. Considered to be a herbalist hospital it is seldom visited by any of the Western-trained Tung Wah staff, and for all practical purposes it is controlled by the caretaker and the herbalist. There being no trained staff resident and the control being such as it is there must be grave doubts regarding the efficiency of the disinfection processes and the means taken to prevent dissemination of disease by patients, contacts and formites.

406. 47 cases of smallpox were admitted during the year. There were 18 deaths, giving a case death rate of 47.9 per cent.

407. For some years this institution has been neglected with the result that the fabric is now in a very dilapidated condition.

408. There can be no doubt that conditions at this hospital are unsatisfactory both from the point of view of the patients and that of the public.

THE WANCHAI OR EASTERN MATERNITY HOSPITAL.

409. This hospital is run in conjunction with the Eastern Dispensary. It is in charge of a Western-trained Chinese Doctor and continues to provide most satisfactory and efficient service for this densely populated district.

410. The total number of beds is 31, and the number of admissions 857. This shews a slight falling off from last year when the number was 903. There was one maternal death during the year. The smaller number of patients is in all probability due to the greater use that is now being made of the Tung Wah Eastern Hospital.

M 83

THE CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES.

411. The origin of the Chinese Public Dispensaries was a movement made in 1904 by certain leading Chinese citizens to stop the practice of dumping dead bodies by providing receiving houses for the sick and for the dead which would act also as information bureaux where the poor could obtain advice and assistance in matters connected with:-

(a) the removal of patients to hospital.

(b) certification as to cause of death. (c) removal of corpses to mortuaries.

(d) supply of coffins and arrangements for burial.

(e) the registration of births.

(f) vaccination.

412. In 1905 two depôts were established, the Western and the Eastern, under a Committee, consisting of the Chairman of the Tung Wah Board of Directors and the two unofficial Chinese members of the Sanitary Board.

413. In immediate charge of each depôt was a Chinese doctor qualified in Western medicine and his staff consisted of an English-speaking clerk and a number of subordinates.

414. In 1908 the movement ceased to be connected with the Tung Wah and the Committee became the Chinese Public Dis- pensaries Committee under the Chairmanship of the Registrar General, now the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

415. It was declared at the time that the work of the depôts or dispensaries was not hospital work and that the Chinese doctors employed were simply. to diagnose disease and not to treat it. However, treament centres were needed and treatment, commenced in a small way, gradually developed until now the principal function of the dispensaries is medical relief.

416. It is worthy of note that as far back as 1896 a Commission appointed by Government to advise regarding the Medical Department recommended the establishment under Government control of dispensaries in different parts of Victoria and Kowloon. However, none were built and the Chinese Public Dispensaries today occupy the positions which under other circumstances would have been filled by departmental institutions.

M 84

417. There are now nine Chinese Public Dispensaries, five on the island of Hong Kong and four in Kowloon. The Tsan Yuk Maternity Hospital, which was formerly administered by the Committee of the Chinese Western Dispensary, was handed over to Government as a gift on January 1st., 1934.

418. Two of the Dispensaries are still housed in rooms attached to temples. Another, that at Aberdeen, consists of two rented shops temporarily adapted for the purpose. Gradually up-to-date buildings are taking the place of the temporary ones. The Dispensaries at Shaukiwan and Wanchai are excellent buildings of their kind, as are also those of Yaumati and Kowloon City on the Kowloon side. The Western Dispensary has been much improved. The Central Dispensary is very small for the work it does.

419. As mentioned before, once a week at each of the Dispensaries a gynaecological clinic is held by one of the Govern ment Lady Medical Officers. In some there are two clinics a week.

420. Situated in the most thickly populated districts they fulfil a most useful purpose, not only in the treatment of disease but also as foci for the spread of knowledge concerning the cause of disease, and as the means of spread of the value of Western drugs and methods both in prevention and cure. During the year very good propaganda work was done by four street orators appointed by the Committee.

421. Last but not least, each dispensary has a room attached to it where dead bodies can be received for transport to the mortuaries preliminary to burial. Coffins are provided free.

SUMMARY OF WORK DONE IN THE DISPENSARIES DURING 1934.

Patients.

Dispensaries.

New

cases.

Old

Certificate

of causes of death.

Patients

sent to

Patients Corpses removed toremoved to Hospital. Hospital by Hospital or

Applica-

tions for

Dead

infants

Vaccina-

Gynaecological Cases seen by Lady Doctor.

coffins.

brought to

tions.

New

cases.

Ambulance. Mortuary.

Dispensary.

cases.

Old

cases.

- M 85

Central

25,998 25,871

20

2

32

22

29

3,781

257

391

Eastern.

14,532

13,140

9

3

17

31

31

216

4,288

549

615

Western

17,193

14,554

21

21

15

354

354

328

4,909

Shaukiwan

25,484

40,027

13

61

1

6

6

193

7,316

817

964

Aberdeen

7,714

6,475

47

4

991

271

252

Yaumati & Harbour.

41,845

35,742

41

Shamshuipo

25,456

13,060

Hung Hom

12,690

3,030

61

Kowloon City

17,973

8,033

82A2

93

24

174

172

9,638

1,400

1,376

4

32

279

268

12,778

877

1,334

109

9

68

54

6

a co

157

155

6,200

325

269

110

110

4,382

234

327

Total for 1934.

188,885

159,932

237

422

66

1,143

413

1,471

54,283

4,730

5,528

Total for 1933.

165,661

126,716

322

568

95

1,136

414

1,415

61,728

9,659

M 86

SECTION VII.

Prisons.

422. The principal prison in the Colony is Victoria Gaol At Lai Chi Kok where there is accommodation for 650 males.

on the Kowloon side of the Harbour is the Lai Chi Kok Prison where there is accommodation for 640 males. The Female Prison is situated near to the Lai Chi Kok Prison and has accommodation for more than 100.

423. All male prisoners are admitted to Victoria Gaol where Some, they are carefully examined by the Medical Officer. including all who are not passed as medically fit remain in Victoria, others are transferred to Lai Chi Kok. Female prisoners go direct to the Female Prison.

Of

424. The total number of admissions to all prisons was 13,304, of which 11,382 were males and 1,922 females. these 1,346 were fifty years of age or over.

425. In Victoria Gaol there is a small hospital of 30 beds. At the Lai Chi Kok Prison there are 12 beds for non-serious cases, serious cases are transferred to Victoria Gaol Hospital. The Female Prison has 9 beds for sick cases.

426. For cases which require special treatment there are prison wards in the Government Civil Hospital and in the Kowloon Hospital.

427. 49 cases were transferred to the Government Civil Hospital (18 for X-ray examination) and 6 to the Kowloon Hospital (3 for X-ray examination) for treatment not available in the Prison Hospital, while 5 cases were transferred to the Mental Hospital.

428. There were 23 deaths amongst the male prisoners and 3 amongst the females. The causes of death were:~

Pulmonary Tuberculosis

10

Dysentery

3

Beri-beri

2

Cerebral haemorrhage

4

Tubercular meningitis

1

Lobar pneumonia

1

Valvular disease of the heart

1

Syphlitic Aortitis

Typhoid

26

11

M 87

429. 11 male prisoners were released on medical grounds, 10 of whom were lepers, one female prisoner was released on account of pernicious anaemia.

430. During the year there were no executions.

REMAND HOME FOR JUVENILES.

431. The Belilios Reformatory, which for many years had been used for other purposes, was on the 20th November, 1933, re-occupied as a Remand Home for Juveniles.

432. There were 16 boys remaining in the home at the end of 1933 and 1,212 were admitted during the year, making a total of 1,228, of whom 39 remained at the end of 1934.

433. The Prison Medical Officer and at other times, if required.

visits the home weekly

434. The general standard of health of the inmates was good. All boys were vaccinated on admission. 81 cases of minor injury and sickness were treated in the Home and 18 cases were sent to the Government Civil Hospital. Scabies, 27 cases, was the commonest ailment treated. The majority of the remaining cases were minor injuries and septic skin infections.

Prison.

Total

Prisoners

admitted.

Daily

average

No. of

inmates.

Total

admissions

to

Hospital.

Daily

Daily

average

No. of

prisoners

Total Out-

patients.

average

number

in hospital.

of out-

patients.

Deaths due

to disease.

Death rate

i.e. % of

deaths to

total ad-

missions to

prison.

Victoria (Male)

11,382

839

948

23.94

16,052

53.68

20

0.17

Lai Chi Kok (Male)..

593

551

8.33

4,771

13.07

3

0.0026

Lai Chi Kok (Female)

1,922

178

146

6.15

3,719

10.19

3

0.0150

All male prisoners are admitted to Victoria Gaol in the first instance and no prisoner is transferred to Lai Chi Kok unless he is passed medically fit.

Serious cases from Lai Chi Kok are transferred to the Victoria Gaol Hospital for treatment.

M 88 -

M 89

SECTION VIII.

Meteorology.

435. Situated just within the northern limits of the tropics occupying an insular position immediately to the south of the great land mass of China, Hong Kong's climate is very materially influenced by the directions of the prevailing winds.

436. The North East Monsoon blows from November to May and during this period the weather is dry, cool and invigorating. From May until October, the season of the South West Monsoon, the air is highly charged with moisture and the climate is hot.

437. The mean annual temperature is 72°F. During the summer months the average maximum temperature is 87°F. and there is little difference throughout the twenty-four hours. Situated on the north side of the Island the City of Victoria gets all the heat and moisture of the South West Monsoon but not the breeze itself which is cut off by the mountain behind the town. During the winter months the range of temperature is from 70°F. to 45°F. with an average of 66°F.

438. The table on the following page gives the means or totals of the meteorological data for the several months of the year 1934.

The data for this table were kindly supplied by the Director of the Royal Obsrvatory, Hong Kong.

METEOROLOGICAL DATA,

The following Table I gives the means, totals or extremes of the Meteorological Data for the several months of the year 1934.

Temperature.

Humidity.

Wind.

Barometer

Month.

Cloudiness. Sunshine.

Rain.

at M.S.L.

Mean.

Absolute

Mean

Mean.

Mean

Absolute

Rel.

Abs.

Direction. Velocity.

Max.

Max.

Min.

Min.

ins.

p.c.

ins.

p.c.

hours.

ins.

Points.

Miles p.h.

January

30.21

69.1

61.1

55.9

52.3

42.8

70

0.32

66

144.8

0.470

NE/E

10.6

1

February

30.14

75.9

66.2

59.9

56.0

47.2

73

0.38

50

181.9

1.510

EN

12.4

March

30.03

82.2

68.9

63.5

59.4

49.8

78

0.47

75

119.9

1.745

E/N

8.9

M

April

29.98

84.8

72.8

68.1

64.9

55.0

85

0.59

94

54.2

2.445

E/N

10.9

May

29.84

90.1

81.3

76.7

73.8

65.9

81

0.75

81

139.0

8.735

E

13.7

June

29.83

90.5

86.0

81.0

77.1

74.0

86

0.90

83

140.1

25.105

S/E

9.8

July

29.75

93.1

87.0

82.0

78.7

72.6

86

0.94

81

183.2

19.425

ESE

11.2

August

29.80

91.5

84.9

80.6

76.9

72.8

88

0.92

68

181.9

24.360

E

11.4

September

29.80

92.5

87.0

82.0

77.7

72.1

81

0.88

57

221.9

10.720

E/N

12.1

October

30.02

85.4

79.2

74.5

70.6

62.9

74

0.64

November

30.09

83.0

75.0

69.7

65.8

57.7

77

0.56

December

30.15

79.1

69.2

63.4

59.6

43.2

75

0.45

888

68

159.1

2.205

ENE

16.2

69

142.7

0.410

ENE

10.3

53

173.9

0.535

ENE

13.0

Mean total

29.97

93.1

76.5

71.4

67.7

42.8

79

0.65

70

1,842.6

97.665

E/N

11.7

or extreme

M

M 91



SECTION IX.

Scientific.

A.-BACTERIOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.

439. The activities of the Institute include:-

(a) the preparation of vaccine lymph.

(b) the preparation of anti-meningococcic serum. (c) the preparation of bacterial vaccines. (d) the preparation of anti-rabic vaccine. (e) examination of pathological material.

(f) examination of waters, milks, etc., etc. (g) medical research.

440. The Institute is under the charge of the Government Bacterioligist who is assisted by the Assistant Bacteriologist, one Chief Laboratory Assistant and five Laboratory Assistants.

441. Particulars of the work done during the year are con- tained in the Annual Report of the Bacteriologist which is appended.

B.—THE PUBLIC MORTUARIES.

442. There are two public mortuaries, one being situated in Victoria and the other in Kowloon.

443. At these places for the reception of the dead are re- ceived:

(a) bodies from the Chinese Hospitals and Chinese

Public Dispensaries for diagnosis.

(b) bodies forwarded by Convents which have received them either moribund or dead, from relatives and friends.

(c) dumped bodies, that is to say, bodies which have been taken from the place of death under cover of the night and dumped in the streets or in the harbour to save the trouble and expense of burial. The great majority of these cases have died a natural death and there is no need for concealment. (d) bodies sent by the Police for medico-legal examina-

tion.

(e) bodies sent by the Medical Officer of Health for examination for signs of infectious disease or for simple diagnosis.

M 92

444. In all cases where a diagnosis cannot otherwise be made a sectio cadaveris is performed.

445. All dead rats collected by the Sanitary Authorities are taken to the mortuaries for examination with regard to plague.

446. During the year both Mortuaries were in charge of Medical Officers who had been detailed for this work in addition to their other duties.

PUBLIC MORTUARY, VICTORIA.

447. Report on Post-mortem Examinations, 1934:-

Number of examinations performed

Male bodies examined

Female bodies examined..

2,188

1,075

1,106

Sex unknown owing to advanced decomposition...

7

Claimed bodies sent from hospitals, etc........

147

Unclaimed bodies mostly abandoned

535

Bodies of infants sent from Italian Convent...

1,506

Number of Chinese bodies examined

2,174

Number of Non-Chinese bodies examined

14

Male, Female.

Total.

Number of bodies under 2

years of age...

741

971

1,712

Number of bodies over 2

years of age..

329

135

464

Bodies were received from the following sources:

Victoria

Shaukiwan District

Other Villages

Number of rats examined

Number found plague infected

2,093

64

31

94,072

Nil.

M 93

PUBLIC MORTUARY, KOWLOON.

448. Report on Post-mortem Examinations, 1984:-

Number of examinations performed

Male bodies examined..

Female bodies examined

Bodies of unknown sex (indistinguishable)

Claimed bodies sent from Hospitals, etc.

Unclaimed bodies mostly abandoned

Number of Chinese bodies examined

Number of Non-Chinese bodies examined

2,472

1,376

1,082

14

1,025

1,447

2,460

12

Male. Female. Unknown. Total.

Number of bodies under

2 years

of age

998 905

14

1,917

Number of bodies over

2 years of age

378 177

0

555

Bodies were received from the following sources :

Kowloon District

2,280

Harbour Police

95

Elsewhere

97

Number of rats examined

83,863

Number found plague infected.......

Nil.

M 94

SECTION X.

THE NEW TERRITORIES.

Public Health and Sanitation.

449. The New Territories comprise the mainland between Kowloon and the Sham Chun River and a number of islands including Lantau which is larger than Hong Kong. The main- land is so indented by bays, harbours and coves that it may be said to consist of a number of irregular peninsulas many of which are almost islands. Both mainland and islands are of similar geological formation, being barren granite hills or mountains separated by fertile valleys.

450. For general administrative purposes the New Territories have been divided into two districts-North and South each under its District Officer. The Northern District which is chiefly mainland is approximately 200 square miles in extent. The Southern District has roughly 100 square miles of which 40 only are mainland, the rest being islands.

451. For the purposes of medical administration it has been found convenient to divide the Territories into a Western Medical District and an Eastern Medical District, the boundary line being the range which extends from North to South and which separates the waters running East from those going West or South.

452. The Western District includes the West Coast and the South Coast with the hinterlands stretching back to the hills. The circular road crosses the boundary at the 3rd mile and at the 32nd mile. The islands of Tsing, Lantau, Cheung Chau and Lamma form part of this district.

453. The Eastern District includes the whole of the East Coast with its hinterlands.

454. Each medical district has approximately 150 square miles.

455. With regard to population the only information available is that contained in the Census Report where the figures refer to police districts only. The populations of the various villages in those districts are not known. The following is taken from the 1931 Census Report:-

M 95

Western Medical District.

Police District.

Population.

Mainland:

Tsun Wan

5,335

Ping Shan

12,660

Au Tau

12,877

Lok Ma Chau

4,377

35,249

Islands:

Lantau

7,409

Tung Chung

1,713

Cheung Chau

5,477

14,599

49,848

Eastern Medical District.

Police District.

Population.

Mainland:

Sha Tau Kok

Sheung Shui

Taipo

Shatin

Saikung

8,941

10,208

12,684

4,346

7,585

43,764

Islands:

---

Po Toi Group and Cheung Kwan O

District

3,100

3,100

46,864

456. The population is grouped into villages which are situated mostly on the lower levels, viz., on the flats facing the sea or in the valleys leading up to and between the hills. Some of the villages are easy of access by rail or road but some are only reached after hours of walking and there are those which are only easily accessible by boat.

457. The rules and regulations governing village life are nowhere laid down in print but have been handed down from generation to generation. There are no heads of villages ap- pointed by and responsible to Government, for the conduct of

M 96

village affairs, but there are "Village Elders" who are accepted as arbiters in petty disputes and who have acquired their position through age, experience, wealth or family rank. These elders have no executive power and are regarded by the villagers and by Government as advisers only.

458. From time to time co-operative efforts are made for the good of the community-some contributing money, some materials and some labour. In this way the paving of streets or paths, the construction of a bridge or the digging of a village well is brought about.

Public Health.

459. There are practically no public health laws in force in the rural areas of the New Territories. The Public Health and Buildings Ordinance of the Colony does not apply and there is no power to ensure notification, isolation or disinfection of disease cases. The Registration of Births and Deaths Ordinance was made applicable in 1911 but was until 1932 in most villages a dead letter. The vaccination Ordinance applies but there has never been any compulsory vaccination.

460. Figures for diseases incidence and for deaths during the years the New Territories have been under British jurisdiction are not available so that death rates and incident rates for particular diseases cannot be calculated. Such being the case the health conditions of the people can only be gauged by inspec- tion and deduction.

461. Past reports of District Officers or of the Police make little mention of diseases or of deaths and the natural conclusion is that there was little out of the normal to note.

462. Enquiries made at the villages elicits little that can be called alarming. Some sick can be found but they are few compared with the number of healthy looking men, women and children one sees going about attending to their various occupa- tions.

463. Near the hills there is a considerable amount of malaria but judging from the appearance of the people the number of chubby children and the lowness of the spleen rates the ravages of this disease are mild when compared with other tropical countries.

464. Abnormalities and accidents in connection with preg- nancy and child birth must occur but from all accounts they are few in proportion to the numbers of normal cases.

M 97

465. Skin diseases there are, but judging from the returns of the dispensaries and travelling dispensary they are not very prevalent.

466. Trachoma varies with the village. In some it is com- mon in others it is not.

467. With regard to Tuberculosis the population is mostly engaged in agriculture or fishing. The people as a whole live an open air life and Tuberculosis cases are not common.

468. Taking everything into consideration there is little evidence that the population of the New Territories is an un- healthy one.

The Medical Department's Organisation during 1934.

469. Under the scheme for medical expansion the New Terri- tories were divided into Western and Eastern districts with head- quarters respectively at Un Long and Taipo. Each district is in charge of a Chinese Medical Officer who is responsible to the Medical Officer of the New Territories.

470. The duties of the District Medical Officer include:

(1) Supervision of the Government dispensaries in his

district.

(2) Domiciliary visits to indigent cases too ill to attend

the dispensary.

(3) Emergency calls for all classes.

(4) Accompanying the Travelling Dispensary three times

a week visiting villages in the district.

(5) Reconnaissance and propaganda.

(6) Spleen surveys.

(7) Periodical visits to Police Stations.

471. The Shing Mun Dam area was constituted a special medical district in charge of a special Chinese Medical Officer responsible to the Medical Officer New Territories for general medical work and to the Malariologist for anti-malaria operations.

472. The Staff for the New Territories included:—

1 European M.O. resident in Kowloon.

1 Chinese M.O., 1 dresser and 1 midwife resident at the

Government Dispensary at Un Long.

1 Chinese M.O., 1 dresser and 1 midwife resident at the

Government Dispensary at Taipo.

1 First grade dresser attached to the Travelling Dispensary.

1 Midwife at Cheung Chau.

1 Nurse-midwife and 1 midwife at Lady Ho Tung Welfare

Centre, Ku Tung.

1 Midwife at Sai Kung.

2 Midwives at Sham Tseng,

1 Midwife at Tai O.

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473. There are fully equipped dispensaries at Un Long, Sham Tseng, Ku Tung, Tai O and Sai Kung.

on the

474. The Government Motor Travelling Dispensary which has its own first grade dresser and which carried one or other of the Medical Officers during its peregrinations was roads six days a week, making bi-weekly or tri-weekly visits to all the roadside villages.

475. In addition there were at Shing Mun a full time resident Chinese Medical Officer and three dressers any of whom was available for an emergency.

476. Dr. K. H. Uttley, the Medical Officer in charge of New Territories, was absent on leave from February 3rd to September 30th during which time Dr. J. B. Mackie was in charge.

Malarial Survey.

477. A spleen rate survey of the school children of the New Territories, which was started in May 1933, was still in progress at the end of the year. Both the M.O. i/c. New Territories and the District Medical Officers were engaged in this work. It was noted that even in the districts where malaria was reputed to be most prevalent the spleen rate was low-much lower than had been expected considering the character of the country. Altogether 4,679 children were examined of whom 358 or 7.65 per cent had enlarged spleens. The highest rates were 41.4 per cent at Castle Peak; 34.7 per cent at Sai Kung and 11.2 per cent at Shatin.

478. Among 556 children palpated on the Islands of Lan Tau, Cheung Chau, and Ma Wan, 15 or 2.7 per cent had spleens large enough to be felt.

479. No opposition was experienced in spleen surveys, on the contrary the people showed considerable interest in the pro- ceeding.

The Government Travelling Dispensary.

480. The Government Motor Travelling Dispensary was put on the road on the 16th of June 1932. At first it visited all the villages on the road side once or twice a week, later, on repre- sentations from the voluntary aid societies, it ceased to call at the villages where they had established centres. The usefulness of this well equipped dispensary was thus considerably,curtailed for the societies established centres in all the principal villages easy of access and there remained only the smaller hamlets. A Medical Officer and a dresser accompanied it on its rounds. There was a fixed itinerary and time-table so that the people should know where and when to expect it.

M 99

481. On Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays it visited the Western District from San Tin to Shing Mun inclusive. On Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays it visited the Eastern Dis- trict from Sha Tin to Sha Tau Kok and back to San Tin inclusive. In this way there was a minimum of mileage and overlapping and a maximum of hours of work in the villages.

482. The following table shows the results attained :---

Year

New Cases

Old Cases and

Malaria

Total

Cases

Dressings

1933.

10,523

2,084

12,607

766

1934......

5,526

2,753

8,279

636

The decrease in the number treated may be attributed to the opening of the Lady Ho Tung Welfare Centre and the Sham Tseng Dispensary.

Taipo Dispensary.

483. The following table shows the year's work compared with that of previous years:-

1932. 1933. 1934.

New cases

3,390

4,926 5,581

Old cases.

4,668

6,237

9,220

Vaccinations

1,345

2,065

2,538

Maternity cases

81

111

116

Un Long Dispensary.

484. The work done during the year was as follows:

1933. 1934.

New cases..

Old cases

Vaccinations

Maternity cases

3,192

4,130

3,404

3,998

821

1,417

122

202

Sham Tseng Dispensary.

485. This dispensary, which had been built by Mr. Ruttonjee and presented to the Government last year, was formally opened on January 30th.

M 100

486. The resident staff consists of two nurse-midwives and an amah.

487. The M.O. i/c. New Territories (West) visits the Dis- pensary three times a week on his rounds with the Travelling Dispensary.

488. The following is a summary of the cases dealt with at the dispensary :-

New cases

Old cases

Vaccinations

Maternity cases

Lady Ho Tung Welfare Centre.

1,549

1,988

123

21

489. This Centre was opened on the 14th of May. The staff consists of one fully-qualified nurse-midwife, one midwife, an amah and a coolie. Lady. Ho Tung also supplies a watchman. A daily visit is made by one of the District Medical Officers before he starts his round with the Travelling Dispensary.

490. This Centre, in addition to the staff above described, houses the Travelling Dispensary and its driver.

491. The following are the cases dealt with during the year at the Centre :-

New cases

Old cases

Maternity cases

Babies washed

Tai O Dispensary.

1,323

2,101

33

425

492. During the last two years, first the M.O. i/c. New Territories and then the A.M.O. i/c. New Territories (West) paid weekly visits to the village, travelling by the Import and Export Department's launch on Thursdays. About 30 to 40 patients were seen at each visit, the village elders kindly lending the village hall for the purpose. It was decided to open a Gov- ernment Dispensary and station a nurse-midwife in the village, which was done on the 17th August. The premises consist of a two-storey house near the water-front in the most important part of the town. The upper storey forms the quarters for the midwife and the amah, the lower one is the waiting-room and examination room. The midwife is responsible for dressings and the administration of stock mixtures during the week.

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493. The following is a summary of the work done at the dispensary during the year:-

New cases

Old cases

Vaccinations

Maternity cases

Sai Kung Dispensary.

1,614

1,015

684

41

494. Until about 18 months ago, the M.O. i/c. New Territories had been in the habit of visiting this village fort- nightly to attend a small clinic. In June 1933 the St. John Ambulance Brigade decided to station a midwife there and have a Centre in the village. It proved too difficult for them to run it, owing to the distance by sea from Hong Kong, and they discontinued it this year. While the Brigade visited the village, Government ceased the fortnightly visits, but in August 1984 a Government Dispensary was opened in Sai Kung, staffed by a nurse-midwife and an amah. It consists of the lower floor of a two-storey building near the centre of the village, the front part being the waiting-room and examination room combined, and the back portion being the nurse's and amah's quarters.

495. The A.M.O. i/c. New Territories (East) makes a weekly visit by ferry and police launch.

496. Sai Kung is a very difficult village to reach, and the journey occupies the Medical Officer's whole day.

497. The following is a summary of the work at the dis- pensary since it was opened on July 30th :-

New cases

Old cases

Vaccinations

Maternity cases

Cheung Chau Dispensary.

961

1,333

64

40

498. The Government Medical Officer no longer visits the dispensary here, because the St. John Ambulance Brigade have opened a large new hospital on the Island.

M 102

Shing Mun Dam Construction Works.

499. The general health of the labour force employed on the construction of the Dam is shown in the following tables :-

Monthly Sickness Rate Table.

January February

....

March

April

May. June

July.

August

September

October

November December

Month.

1933

Estimated Population

Estimated

1934

Population

4

No returns

200

4.5 per cent

797

390

2.9

45

""

1,074

460

*9

3.6

99

"

1,120

600

3.4

وو

91

19

655

24

""

>

775

2.7

31

""

19

959 1.002

891

**

700

4.0

""

"

1,016

5.3 per cent

650

39

"

"

1,492

32

800

3.8

++

19

1,761

4.2

97

"

807

3 2

37

"

1893

...

6.1

""

707

27

11

"

39

1,921

5.8

685

...

2.4

"

"

1,816

Analysis of the Shing Mun Hospital Returns for 1934.

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

Sept.

October

Nov.

No. of malaria cases

Cases other than ma-

laria

54

Deaths from malaria.

14 18 8 5 14 42 71 103 117 86

8888

68

288 147 283 256 192 162335 438 519 479 384 316

:

...

1 1

:

2

Deaths from other

causes

Admitted to S. M.

Hospital

Admitted to other

hospitals........

Ratio of malaria to

total disease

Ratio of malaria to the total popula- tion

3 3

4 3 3 1 1 4

28 33 35 17

25

12

00

8

7

10

25 30 40 55 48 53 39 34

ส.

5

3

2

เค

3 3 8 6

18.5 9.5 6.5 3.1 2.6 8.6 12.5 16.2 16.6 19.5 22.417.7

6.2 1.2 1.6 0.8 0.5 1.5 4.2 4.8 5.9 6.1 4.5 3.7

Dec.

M 103

New Territories Police Stations.

500. These have been inspected periodically by the M.O. i/c. Kowloon and New Territories, and, in addition, the A.M.O.'s visit them once a month.

501. Many of the Police Stations are screened and every man is provided with a mosquito net. Prophylactic quinine is issued and the living rooms are regularly sprayed with an insecticide in an endeavour to kill any adult mosquitoes which may be present. The men on night patrol are of course exposed to the bites of mosquitoes. A table showing the incidence of malaria amongst the whole police force will be found in Appendix B.

502. The experiment in the use of Quino-plasmoquine at Tsun Wan Police Station, which was started last year, has been continued, and compared with the incidence of malaria. there in past years, it has justified itself. There were 8 cases of malaria reported there during the year, but it

was not possible to be certain in all cases that the infection had been contracted at the station. Whether it is that there is less evasion when tablets are uesd than when the liquid form of quinine is used, I am not prepared to say, but the incidence of malaria at this station since the introduction of this prophylactic treatment has diminished.

W. B. A. MOORE, Acting D.M.S.S.

M 104

APPENDIX A.

GOVERNMENT BACTERIOLOGICAL

INSTITUTE.

Report for the year 1934.

BY A. V. GREAVES, M.B., (TOR.), M.C.P. & S., (Ont.), D.T.M., (Liverpool).

Introductory.

(1) Administrative.-Dr. A. V. Greaves was away on leave from January 31st to November 9th, the duties of Government Bacteriologist being performed in his absence by Dr. R. S. Begbie, Assistant Government Bacteriologist.

An addition was made to the technical staff during the year by the appointment of one new laboratory assistant. The technical staff now consists of the Government Bacteriologist. the Assistant Bacteriologist, one Chief Laboratory Assistant and five Laboratory Assistants.

(2) Buildings and Equipment.-No alterations to the buildings are to be recorded.

A new lymph grinding machine has been purchased and installed for use in the Vaccine Department. It replaces the old machine which was doing very poor work and was a source of anxiety to us, as it ground very slowly and inefficiently. The new one does beautiful work and is efficient and economical in operation.

A Ceylon press has been acquired for the purpose of the more efficient preparation of anti-rabic vaccine. This apparatus separates a great part of the supportive tissues from the actual brain parenchyma and enables a finer and 'smoother" vaccine to be prepared. It also eliminates the long and tedious period of shaking which used to be the rule before.

(3) Library.-Additions to the library during the year are as follows:-

1. Histo-pathology of the Peripheral and Central Nervous

Systems, Geo. B. Hassin, 1933.

2. The Laboratory Diagnosis of Acute Intestinal Infections, including the Principles and Practice of the Agglutina- tion Test, Medical Research Council, 1921.

(4) Publications.-

M 105

"A New Microscope Adapter for the Hand Spectroscope", by A. V. Greaves, Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine, Vol. XIX, No. 7, April, 1934.

(5) Research.-Owing to the absence of the writer on leave for the greater part of the year little is to be recorded under this head. The work on Flexner dysentery organisms continued as far as the collection and typing of strains was concerned.

Work on culture media for the growth of the Klebs-Loeffler bacillus continued. The medium which was devised last year was put through an extended trial in parallel with Loeffler's medium on all routine cultures. The results have been encouraging enough to warrant a continuance with a view to making the study more complete.

Commencing at the end of January all bloods forwarded for Widal tests were also subjected to clot culture for the typhoid group of organisins. The results for the year were interesting. 799 cultures were done; of these 209 gave а positive Widal with a negative culture, 39 gave both positive Widal and positive growth, while 9 gave negative Widals with positive growth. That is, in a series of 257 cases of Enteric fever 3.50% would have been missed had not a culture been made. This is a figure which cannot be neglected, and consequently all bloods forwarded us for diagnostic Widal test are now cultured in addition. The figure for positive growths would no doubt be larger still were it not for the fact that a great many specimens are received in the old fashioned tiny Widal tubes, which give such a small clot that the chances of growing organisms from it are definitely small. (The positive cultures from Widal tubes were actually 2% fewer than were obtained from test tubes).

Further material was collected for Professor Van Dyke of Peiping Union Medical College, who is pursuing his studies of pituitary glands. Professor Hoeppli, to whom clonorchis infested liver tissue has been sent for some time past has reported on his work in an article entitled "Histological Changes in the Liver of Sixty-six Chinese Infected with Clonorchis Sinensis" appearing in the Chinese Medical Journal, Vol. XLVII, 1933.

(6) General.—The necessity for increased room for work at the Institute does not become less as time goes on, and our present cramped condition leads to a more insistent demand than ever for increased space. As it seems more and more unlikely that new quarters will be built, our only hope for lef lies in some addition to our present building. How this is to be accomplished in our present geographical surroundings is something of a problem but it will have to be faced. As

M 106

things are at present it is impossible to prepare and handle vaccine lymph otherwise than in the open laboratory with chnical pathological investigations going on in close juxtaposition. 1 am particularly anxious that this should be altered, as my efforts to improve the methods of production are to some extent, at least, nullified by undesirable conditions connected with handling the material. In addition is the need for an animal operating room in which vaccine pulp may be removed from calves.

The summary of tests appended shows a large increase in the total number performed and gives some idea of the growth of the work of the Institute. A comparison of the figures for this year with those for 1930 is interesting. The total number of tests performed in 1930 is shown as 10,221 while this year's total is 22,271 and this despite the fact that the method of recording tests

tests has been radically altered SO that many procedures do not appear as separate tests in the present figures which helped to swell the total for 1930. Moreover more rigid standards of work, especially in the preparation of biological products, are being insisted on than ever before, all of which calls for increased effort on the part of the staff. It must be pointed out that this increased volume of work is being carried out in much diminished laboratory space.

The work of the staff is highly satisfactory as usual.

A.

PROTOZOOLOGY AND HELMINTHOLOGY.

(1) Blood films for malaria.-Two thousand three hundred and eight-six films were examined for the presence of malarial parasites.

EXAMINATION OF BLOOD FILMS FOR MALARIA.

PARASITES,

1

EUROPEAN. INDIAN. CHINESE. TOTAL.

Malignant Tertian.

22

6

364

392

Benign Tertian ...

24

9

208

241

Quartan

5

1

74

80

Unclassified

2

1

22

25

Double Infection..

1

18

19

Negative.

316

50

1,263

1,629

Grand Total

370

67

1,949

2,386

(2) Filaria. Twenty-three films were examined specifically for the presence of filaria. No positive findings are recorded.

The

(3) Faeces. One thousand six hundred specimens of faeces were examined for the presence of intestinal parasites. presence of the cellular exudate typical of bacillary dysentery was always looked for and reported when present.

M 107

Maga

EXAMINATION OF STOOLS FOR INTESTINAL PARASITES.

Euro-

Indian. Chinese.

Total.

pean.

Ascaris

25

1

46

72

Clonorchis

6

1

65

22 223

72

Trichiuris

18

1

32

51

Ankylostoma

1

4

24

29

Fasciolopsis buskii,

1

3

4

Multiple infestation.

4

ลง

70

76

E. histolytica.....

5

1

10

Negative

586

58

642

1,286

Grand Total

645

69

886

1,600

B. SEROLOGY.

(1) Serological Reactions for Syphilis.--Ten thousand and twenty-three sera were tested.

The reactions recorded were as follows:

Strong Positive

Positive

Weak Positive

Doubtful

Negative

29%

8%

7%

8%

48%

M 108

EXAMINATION OF BLOOD SERA FOR SYPHILIS.

EUROPEAN.

INDIAN.

CHINESE.

Total.

M. F.

M.

F. M.

F.

Strong positive..

20

1

113

75

Positive

11

2

56

Weak positive...

сл

5

2

50

Doubtful ........

12

2

91

Negative

177

47

372

Grand Total... | 225 54 644

:

4:

:

:

2,164

662 2,922

494

207

770

488 165

710

510

148

763

LO

5

2,686 1,571 4,858

5

6,342 2,753 10,023

(2) Agglutination tests.-Fight hundred and fifty-five sera were tested for agglutination as follows:

AGGLUTINATION TESTS.

EUROPEAN. INDIAN.

CHINESE.

ORGANISMS.

Total.

Pos. Neg. Pos.

Neg.

Pos. Neg.

B. Typhosus B. Para. A. B. Para. B...

B. Para. C.

B. Melitensis

B. Abortus

Weil Felix

reaction

31

125

6

28

180 476

1 158

33

4 652

849

159

34

1 655

3

N

:

:

3

1

2

Grand Total

35 448

7 95

185

1,783

855

M 109

C.-BACTERIOLOGICAL EXAMINATIONS.

(1) Faeces.-Culture was carried out on four hundred and eighty-eight stools for the presence of pathogenic organisms.

The results are not without interest. If the figures for this year are taken in conjunction with those for 1933 a group is obtained of a size worth statistical consideration. The stools shown under the heading "Typhoid Group" and "B. Cholerae" are excluded, the former representing specimens sent from con- valescents, food handlers, etc. and the latter from cholera suspects. The remainder, 448 specimens, represent stools sent for examination from cases showing clinical symptoms of dysen- tery, the great majority with the typical cellular exudate. Of this group, 192 or 42.85% gave cultures of organisms of known pathogenicity as follows:

B. dysenteriae, Flexner

B.

21

Shiga Schmitz

B.

79.68%

7.29%

13.02%

These figures may be reasonably taken to represent the incidence of the different types of bacillary infection met with in Hong Kong. The total percentage of positive results obtained, namely 42.85% is high when it is noted that the stools are received in a condition far from fresh.

STOOLS EXAMINED FOR ORGANISMS.

European.

Indian.

Chinese.

Organisms.

Total.

Pos. Neg. Pos. Neg.

Pos. Neg.

4 16

Typhoid group.. B. Dysenteriae

(Group)....... B. Dysenteriae (Flexner)..... B. Dysenteriae

(Shiga).........

B, Dysenteriae

:

20

GQ

3

(Schmitz)...... 2

B. Cholera..

Grand Total

:

65

:

29

81

:

:

3

2

:

10

1

7 183

211

LO

5

80

150

75

98

7

:

10

14

18

1

1

6

103

264

488

M 110

(2) Sputum.-Six hundred and thirty-one specimens of sputum were examined for the presence of the tubercle bacillus.

SPUTA EXAMINED FOR TUBERCULOSIS.

EUROPEAN. INDIAN. CHINESE. Total.

Positive Negative.

12

Grand Total

85

2268

17

128

157

73

76

325

474

93

453

631

(3) Urine.-Two hundred and seventy-two urines were ex- amined. While chemical and microscopic report was made on the majority, a good number were cultured for organisms as well.

(4) Urethral and cervical smears.-Five hundred and ninety- four smears were examined for the presence of the gonococcus.

(5) Nasal scrapings.-Seventy-nine smears were examined for the presence of b. leprae. Twenty-two were positive.

(6) Throat swabs.-Cultural examination was carried out on seven hundred and twelve swabs for C. diphtheriae.

THROAT SWABS EXAMINED FOR DIPHTHERIA.

EUROPEAN. INDIAN. CHINESE. Total.

Positive Negative

40

303

CO IO

3

102

145

5

259

567

Grand Total.

343

8

361

712

(7) Cerebro-spinal fluids.-Three hundred and eight spinal fluids were examined for the presence of the meningococcus.

Positive Negative

- M 111

C. S. F. EXAMINED FOR MENINGOCOCCI.

European.

Indian. Chinese. Total.

3

16

Grand Total

19

ลงลง

158

163

127

145

285

308

(8) Miscellaneous materials.-Three hundred and two ex- aminations were made under this head.

D.-PREPARATION OF VACCINE LYMPH.

Results in this department are as follwos:—

Number of calves scraped for pulp Amount of lymph prepared

116 19,500 c.c.

issued

13,270

""

21

in stock at end

>>

"

""

of year

34.500 ""

Although the number of calves used is less than last year, the amount of vaccine prepared is greater. This is the result of continued effort at improving the yield of pulp per calf and thus lowering the cost of production. The appended table shows the steady success which has been attained in this effort.

Date.

No. of Calves scraped for pulp.

Total pulp collected.

Average yield per Calf.

1931

83

2,163 gms.

26.06 gms.

1932

122

4,160

34.09

"

17

1933

148

5,787

39.10

""

1934

116

5,816

50.14

""

*

M 112

When the writer was on leave during the year the opportunity was seized to study the methods of vaccine production pursued by the Connaught Laboratories of the University of Toronto. Much of interest was learned and it is hoped to adopt some of their methods. A trial in a small way at the close of the year was most encouraging. Especially is it hoped to be able to utilize cow-calves instead of buffalo-calves, which are expensive and must be imported. Reference has been made in a previous paragraph to the necessity for an operating room in which the calves may be vaccinated and scraped. The present method of working in the open yard is a most undesirable procedure.

The new lymph grinder is a most successful piece of apparatus; it performs as much work in two hours as the old machine did in about as many days. Rapid grinding taken in conjunction with greatly improved yield per calf removes the necessity of our keeping such large stocks of lymph as we have in the past. This will result in fresher lymph with less likeli- hood of loss of potency through age.

E. PREPARATION OF VACCINES AND SERA.

(1) Anti-meningococcus serum.-Owing to the continued steady demand for serum it was found necessary to purchase a supply from a proprietary house in order to supplement our own. This event was foreshadowed in last year's annual report as it was quite evident that the wider use of serum in the Colony and the larger dosage being employed would outrun our produc- tion. From the middle of the year another pony was added to our. stock and has been used for the production of serum since. It is hoped that in future the supply will be more nearly capable of taking care of the demand.

C.C.

The amount of serum issued from our own stocks was 14,050

(2) Gonococcus vaccine.-The amount issued was 5,580 c.c. This is again heavily in excess of any previous annual production.

(3) Anti-rabic vaccine.-Owing to an outbreak of canine rabies in the New Territories during the summer the demand for anti-rabic vaccine was heavy.

The total number of cases treated was 403, and the total number of doses issued 4,369, constituting a record which we hope will not soon again be reached. Sixty-four brains were examined for the presence of Negri bodies and of these fourteen were positive.

M 113

Race incidence of cases.

Treatment completed.

Treatment not completed

Chinese

British

Portuguese

Indian

Japanese

Filipino

Russian

10

4

108

142

54.

13

37

6

3

3

3

2

Danish

2

Norwegian

2

Spanish...

1

:

Swiss.

Eurasian

1

1

Unknown (outport cases)................

16

...

Total......

211

192

(4) Autogenous vaccines.-Thirty-three vaccines were pre- pared from materials forwarded for the purpose.

VACCINE AND SERUM.

Gonococcus Vaccine

T. A. B.

"

AMOUNT ISSUED.

5,580 c.c.

671

""

Cholera

Autogenous

79

Anti-meningococcic serum

30

""

33 vaccines.

14,050 c.c.

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F.-EXAMINATION OF WATER AND MILK.

(1) Bacteriological analysis of the public water supply.—One thousand four hundred and eighty-six samples of water were examined for bacteriological purity. Daily samples were taken from the various water areas and the results reported to the Water Authority. The usual high standard of purity has been maintained.

The appended table shows the various sources from which the samples were obtained :-

Unfiltered raw water

107

Filtered raw water

107

Filtered and chlorinated water from

service taps throughout the Colony. 1,155

Well water

21

Water from other than public supplies...

96

Total

1,486

(2) Bacteriological analysis of milk.-Three samples of fresh milk and three of condensed milk were examined and reported on.

G.-MEDICO-LEGAL INVESTIGATIONS.

Twenty-three examinations were carried out at the instance of the Department of Criminal Investigation, all for the detection of human blood.

H.-MORBID HISTOLOGY.

Two hundred and eleven examinations of tissues were made. Eighty-one of these were of tumours, thirty-six malignant and forty-five benign. The remainder were for general pathological diagnosis.

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ANALYSIS OF CLINICAL AND OTHER EXAMINATIONS.

Nature of Examination.

Total

Total

for

for

1933.

1934.

B. Typhosus

Agglutination Reaction.

??

» Paratyphosus A

914

849

B

""

"7

C.....

"

Weil Felix Reaction

B. Dysenteriae

2

Meletensis

""

A bortus

""

3

3

4

1

Blood

Smears.

Faeces

Examina-

Cultural

Serological Reaction for Syphilis

Malaria Parasites

Filaria

Blood count, etc.,

(Bacillus Diphtheria (Naso-

pharyngeal swabs)

8,257

10,023

1,990

2,386

14

23

25

72

654

712

tions.

Meningococcus (Spinal fluids)

274

308

Typhosus, Paratyphosus, Cholera,

etc., (Faeces)...

300

488

""

99

(Blood) ...

799

Miscellaneous

Examinations.

Animals for Rabies

Ova of helminth

E. histolytica Occult blood

Tubercle Bacillus

Tissue Sections

Sputa Pus Urine

Smear for Gonococcus Smear for B. lepræ

Rat smears, spleen, etc., for B.

pestis

Medico-legal Examinations

745

1,600

23

27

2

5

178

211

617

631

39

50

231

272

528

594

107

79

1

25

64

34

23

Bacteriological Examination of Milk

2

6

...

Bacteriological Analysis of Water

1,323

1,486

Rideal Walkers Test of Disinfectants

3

Autogenous Vaccine prepared

29

33

Filter candles sterilized for domestic

filters

336

322

Miscellaneous

238

302

Total.......

16,918

22,271

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Appendix B.

Annual Report of the Work of the Malaria Bureau for the Year 1934.

by

R. B. JACKSON, M.D., D.P.H., Malariologist.

Staff.

The staff consisted of the Malariologist, Assistant to Malariologist, five Inspectors, one clerk and four coolies. The Assistant to Malariologist returned from leave and resumed duty on the 11th January.

2. The services of two vaccinators were placed at the disposal of the Bureau. They assisted in larval surveys, identification of larvae, collecting of mosqsitoes from habitations and in other work.

3. Work carried out throughout the year.

This was included under the following headings:

(a) General mosquito survey of the Colony and New Terri- tories, in order to determine what species existed, their life histories, and, as far as possible, their identifications in the larval and adult stages.

(b) A general investigation of malaria and other mosquito

borne diseases.

(c) The catching of mosquitoes frequenting habitations, their identifications and, the dissection of such Anophelines as were found, for malarial and filarial infections.

(d) Investigations as to the prevalence of malaria in certain areas and the conditions under which it was existing, with a view to its abolition, and, in the case of the Shing Mun Camp, the supervision of certain measures directed against Anopheline larvae and mosquitoes.

(e) Local mosquito surveys for the abatement of mosquito

nuisances.

(f) The teaching of mosquitology, and the instruction of the Inspectors in this work and other matters bearing on the subject.

(g) Co-operation with Government Departments, the Mili- tary, Naval and Air Forces, public companies and private individuals, in the investigation and eradication of malaria.

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(a) Investigation of Species & Their Life Histories.

Anophelines.

4. The number and species of the various Anopheline larvae examined are given in Table I. Table II gives the number and species of the imagines obtained from pupae collected, and from pupae obtained from the larger larvae.

5. A. maculatus. In addition to its usual breeding places in hill streams seepages and ditches, in the month of May the larvae were found in the sumps of the Aqueduct which runs into Aberdeen Reservoir. They were obtained in numbers from streams receiving the washings from cow byres and the drainage from manure dumps. A few were occasionally collected from fallow rice fields, and also from the water in rice cultivation in the months of October and November.

6. Malarial infections in midguts and salivary glands were met with in the adults dissected, and larval filaria were also encountered. A comparatively large number of adults were ob- tained from the Shing Mun Camp, and from the cow byres and pigsties at the village of Wo Li Hop.

7. Unsuccessful searches were made for these mosquitoes amidst boulders in streams and hollows in the banks.

8. A. minimus. From observations made on various streams, it would appear that in some, the larvae can be found throughout the seasons unless soon after heavy downpours. In other streams they were not found during the five months May-Septem- ber and in some of these they were present only in small num- bers, but in the remainder, towards the beginning and end of the year, they were almost as numerous as the larvae of A. maculatus. They were also met with in streams polluted by the drainage from cow byres. They were sometimes found in fallow rice fields, and sometimes in rice cultivation during October and November.

9. As in previous years this Anopheline was found to be an important carrier of malaria, and harboured larval filaria.

10. A. hyrcanus. The larvae were obtained in small num- bers in collections made in rice fields at Shek O during the period June-September. A marked increase took place in November previous to the cutting of the second crop, they were numerous in collections made in November and December from pools in the rice stubble. Numbers were collected from fallow rice fields in various surveys.

11. Malarial infections were met with in this mosquito also larval filaria.

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12. A. jeyporiensis. As in 1933 the larvae were found in flooded rice fields which had gone out of cultivation, in cultivated rice fields in October and November, and sometimes in pools amongst the rice stubble.

13. It was found to be an important carrier of malaria and to harbour larval filaria as in previous years.

14. A. karwari, A. aitkenii var. bengalensis, A. splendidus. Larvae of these were infrequently met with, a few adults of A. karwari and A. splendidus were captured. In the case of A. splendidus, two midgut infections were recorded from the Shing Mun captures and one instance of infection with larval filaria.

15. No larvae of A. tesselatus were collected and no adults captured.

16. Specimens of larvae and imagines were received from Dr. Toumanoff. Specimens were forwarded to Professor Gater, Singapore, for use in connection with the courses of Instruction held there under the auspices of the League of Nations, also to Dr. Toumanoff, to Captain Trimble, R.A.M.C., and to Dr. Dunscombe, Shanghai.

17. Dissections mounted on slides were given to Dr. Scharff, Senior Health Officer, Fenang, and to Dr. Barnes of U. S. Public Health Service, Hong Kong.

Precipitin Tests.

18. Blood from midguts of Anophelines captured at Shing Mun, Wo Li Hop, and Little Hong Kong, were sent to Dr. Toumanoff, Pasteur Institut, Saigon for examination and report. The results are given in Table III.

19. At Shing Mun, where there are no cattle, 89% of the mosquitoes were positive for human blood. Goats are kept at times by the Indian Police.

20. At Wo Li Hop 83% of the Anophelines were positive for cattle blood. There are no cattle at Little Hong Kong.

21. It is hoped to send more material to Dr. Toumanoff who is making an extensive study of this subject, and also of the maxillary index of Anophelines, the results of which will be published by him later.

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Culicines.

22. In addition to C. mimeticus and C. mimulus, another species of spotted wing Culex was met with and referred to Dr. Edwards of the British Museum who is of the opinion that it is a new one.

23. Whilst making outdoor searches for Anopheline mos- quitoes, a Uranotaenia was captured, and sent to Dr. Edwards. He is describing it as a new species.

24. Larval skins and the corresponding imagines of Culicine identified as C. fuscocephalus, C. (L) shebbeari, C. (L) infantulus, C. (L) rubithoracis, C. malayi, and Tripteriodes vicina have been obtained.

25. Under low powers of the microscope the thorax of C. (L) rubithoracis is seen to have a distinctive shagreened appearance.

26. Larval and adult specimens were received from Dr. Stephen Hu, Lester Institute, Shanghai, and from Dr. Ling, Nanking; various specimens were sent from time to time to the British Museum.

27. Living mosquitoes and larvae of C. fatigans were taken to Dr. S. Hu, Shanghai, from the Bureau by Dr. Dunscombe, to be used for experimental purposes.

28. 3306 C. fatigans were dissected for Avian malaria, and for filaria infections. These mosquitoes were obtained from village huts and contractors' matsheds whilst searching for Anophelines. The only infection found was a larval filaria; the mosquito was obtained from the Wong Chok Hang area from whence Anophelines have been found with such infections from time to time.

(b) Malaria.

29. The following anophelines were found infected:-A. minimus, A. jeyporiensis, A. hyrcanus, A. maculatus, and A. splendidus.

30. The infected A. hyrcanus were obtained from the Shing Mun and Little Hong Kong catches, the A. maculatus from the Shing Mun and Wo Li Hop catches, the A. splendidus from Shing Mun.

31. Statistics for 1934 obtained from the M.O.H. show that 365 deaths were ascribed to malaria in the Colony and the New Territories, this being 1.85% of the total deaths. The death rate per thousand for malaria is given as 0.39.

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32. In areas where the masses of the population reside, extensive training of hill streams has been carried out, and in consequence, as a rule, there are no facilities for the breeding of Anophelines, but where such exist as in suburban and rural areas on the Island and Mainland, the possibility of malaria must always be borne in mind.

33. Certain hill streams seem to occasion little if any malaria and a study of these might give valuable information for pur- poses of prevention in rural areas.

34. Examples of such streanis are those crossing the Island Road; from its junction with Sassoon Road to Pokfulam village; the streams which flow from the Peak Hotel to Pokfulam Reser- voir, from the War Memorial Hospital to Aberdeen and from Aberdeen Reservoir to the sea.

35. Malaria carrying mosquitoes have been found to breed in abandoned rice fields in hilly country; and during the last quarter of the year in rice cultivations whilst the irrigation water is draining off.

36. In Table IV, figures are given, regarding admissions, supplied by the following Hospitals: Government Civil, Kowloon, Victoria, Victoria Gaol, Laichikok Gaols (male and female), Tung Wah, Tung Wah Eastern, Kwong Wah, Matilda, Alice Memorial, War Memorial, Ho Mui Ling, and Yeung Wo. The malaria admissions are arranged according to the quarters of the year and to methods of diagnosis.

37. As malaria is not a notifiable disease rates cannot be given for the general population. Clinical diagnosis is not a satisfactory one.

38. One case of blackwater fever was reported.

39. In Table V statistics are shown of cases treated, supplied by the following Dispensaries:-Tai Po, Un Long, Kowloon City. Sham Shui Po, Yaumati, Hunghom, Western Public, Shaukiwan, Aberdeen, Central and Eastern.

40. Table VI deals with Hospital admissions of Government servants (excluding coolies) in relation to admissions for malaria.

41. Table VII is a similar table for Police, including Water Police. Certain stations are situated in areas where malaria is not likely to be contracted, others in rural areas where night patrol work adds to the risk of infection.

42. Table VIII gives the results of examinations for malaria of blood films which were made from prisoners admitted to Virtoria Gaol. The results are arranged in districts according to addresses supplied. The parasites are not classified as in the great majority of positive findings the diagnosis could only be made from the thick films and could not be established from the

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The films thin films owing to the scantiness of the infections. were obtained through the co-operation of the M.O. Gaol and his staff and were stained and examined in the Laboratory of the Bureau.

43. Records obtained from the R.A.M.C. authorities regard- ing incidence of malarial infection amongst the troops, British and Indian, are as follows (relapses not being taken into ac- count):

British troops :-number of cases of malaria contracted dur- ing the year was 57, of which 11 occurred in the first quarter, 4 in the second quarter, 17 in the third quarter, 25 in the fourth quarter. In the first quarter, 6 of the cases were amongst troops who had been in Camp, in the fourth quarter, 16. Calculated on an average strength of 3540, the yearly admission rate for fresh cases was 16.10 per thousand.

44. Amongst the Indian troops there were 29 fresh cases, of which there were none in the first quarter, 7 in the second, 11 in the third, 11 in the fourth quarter. These admissions work out for the year as 19.6 per thousand on an average strength of 1480.

Dengue.

45. According to returns received 3 cases were admitted to Government hospitals during 1934. No specimens of Aedes aegypti were met with, but Aedes albopictus was frequently en- countered.

Filaria.

46. Four cases of disease due to filarial infection were report- ed from Government Hospitals during the year. Mosquitoes ob- tained from Wo Li Hop, Shing Mun, Little Hong Kong were dissected and examined for larval filaria. The results are shown in Table XIX. Two instances of double infection (malaria and filaria) were encountered, one was an A. maculatus from Shing Mun, the other an A. minimus from Little Hong Kong.

47. A larval filaria was found entangled in the trachae on the midgut of an A. hyrcanus; on staining with dilute Giemsa. no differences could be made out, (apart from the absence of a sheath) between it and W. bancrofti obtained from thick blood films.

48. Table IX gives findings obtained from examinations for microfilaria of thick films made from prisoners admitted to Victoria Gaol. These films were taken in the daytime for ex- amination for malaria parasites.

49. Specimens of Microfilaria malaya were received from Dr. Y T. Yao, Department of Farasitology, Nanking, and from Dr. Stephen Hu, Lester Institute, Shanghai.

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(c) THE CATCHING AND DISSECTING OF ANOPHELINES FOR MALARIAL INFECTION.

(1) Wong Chok Hang Village and Surroundings (Little Hong Kong).

50. Catching operations were continued throughout the year. The locality is surrounded by hills on all sides except in the direction of the sea. A stream with several branches flows through it. A ravine which was formerly a rice swamp drains into the main stream. At the end of 1933 most of this swamp was ditched and divided into rectangular plots for growing crops such as Indian corn, three or four small plots, however, were left for rice growing and rice was also planted in such of the ditches as held water. The people of the village live in houses built of stone and roofed with tiles; the others in huts made of bamboo and thatch. All of them are engaged in growing crops and rearing pigs. The pigsties have low walls and high roofs, and so are unsuitable as daytime resting places for mosquitoes.

51. In 1931 a high spleen rate was found amongst the children and in 1932 a microfilaria rate of 12% was obtained from the examination of 106 persons, the blood being taken at night.

52. The arrangements for catching were as follows: a coolie collected for one hour, from dusk onwards, in the tent provided, and made another collection at dawn. He was supplied with camp bed, mosquito net, alarm clock and electric torch. This arrangement, judging from results obtained in 1933, appeared to offer the best prospects for securing A. maculatus. Unfor- tunately in August the tent was found unfit for further service and so night catching was discontinued.

53. Culicines not readily obtainable were captured in the night catches:-Aedes niveus, M. (M) uniformis, M. (C) crassipes. The blood of the coolie was examined monthly for microfilaria and for malaria parasites, but none were found, however two of the members of his family who resided in the neighbourhood suffered from malaria.

54. From 8.30 a.m. till 11.30 a.m., daily catching was done by the coolie in two groups of huts on alternate days. The groups were situated north and south of Island Road, the north- ern group along the stream banks, close to places where A. minimus larvae were in abundance, the southern group about 440 yards down stream where the larvae of Á. minimus were scarce.

55. 2443 A. minimus were collected in 168 morning catches in the northern group or 14.54 per morning, 359 were collected in 136 mornings from the southern group or 2.64 per morning, about 1/5 of the catch obtained from the northern group. would thus appear that habitations closest to the breeding places receive most attention from this Anopheline. Table X gives the

It

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results of night catching, Table XI of morning catching. Day checking catches were done from time to time by an Inspector.

56. Table XII gives the results of dissections for malarial infection. The infection rate for A. minimus was low in the first half of the year in comparison with the second half as is usually the case. The rate for the year was also low, 2.32% in comparison with 5.50% for 1933, and 5.63% for 1932.

57. Of the few A. hyrcanus caught one was found infected in October, with one oocyst 46μ. in diameter with fine yellowish pigment grains arranged in a clump.

(2) Shing Mun Camp.

58. By the end of 1933 anti-larval measures were in force over an area within half a mile distance from the Camp. Measures directed against A. jeyporiensis larvae had been taken along the Shing Mun and its tributaries from Pineapple Pass to P.W.D. Dam, and in the valley of stream A5 as far as the Access Road. The labourers were housed in permanent buildings. Nine addi- tional lines were built during the year. From September 1933 attempts were made to render the lines mosquito proof. The average monthly population was 1286 as compared with 595 in 1933.

59. The daily mosquito catching was done by two coolies of the labour force who searched each line from end to end with the aid of an electric torch and brought the results to the Malaria Bureau.

The catches are indicated in Table XIII.

60. Of the important carriers of malaria A. minimus and A. jeyporiensis, 1033 and 5482 were captured in 355 morning searches as compared with 4644 and 25317 in 239 mornings in 1933. In July 1933, 5929 A. jeyporiensis were captured, more than the whole catch for 1934.

61. The catches of A. minimus increased considerably during the last quarter, those of A. jeyporiensis rose in May, continued high until November, then dropped in December. A considerable number of A. maculatus were taken especially from June on- wards, the total catch being 1055 as compared with 277 in the previous year. A. hyrcanus was poorly represented in the June- September catches which results are interesting in view of those obtained from the investigations made into the larval density in the Shek O rice fields. Like A. maculatus it usually leaves the building after feeding but in this instance both species were trapped by the mosquito gauze.

62. The records of dissections for malaria are given in Table XIV. The infection rates of A. minimus, A. jeyporiensis, A. maculatus, A. hyrcanus were 2.97%, 3.58%, 1.11%, .27% respec- tively. In 1933 they were 12.48%, 9.93%, 3.48%, 1.21%.

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63. Two instances of salivary gland infection were met with in A. maculatus, one of these had a filarial infection as well. No salivary gland infections were found in A. hyrcanus, as in the previous year its infection rate was low. A. splendidus was twice found infected on both occasions in the midgut, in one instance there were 15 oocysts present, average size 10μ., in the other case 12 oocysts were counted, average size 40μ. Pig- ment was yellowish in colour and arranged in clumps in both instances. So far as the Malariologist is aware, the only previous record of the infection of this Anopheline is that men- tioned in the Indian Medical Research Memoirs No. 7, July, 1927, where it is stated that it was found infected by Robertson (1910) at Saharanpur.

64. Larval filaria resembling those found in other Anophe- lines were encountered in one instance in A. splendidus. There were two worms, both were found in the thorax one a long motile form, the other an intermediate form..

(3) Wo Li Hop

65. This village consists of 26 human habitations. These are built of stone and roofed with tiles. The population is about 126. Cows and pigs are kept, in some instances cows are kept in a room in the dwelling house, in others in the same shelter as the pigs, and in others the shelters are occupied only by pigs. In all these animal shelters there is little light and ventilation, and the great majority of the Anophelines were obtained from them. Out of 577 A. minimus, 1242 A. jeyporiensis, 602 A. maculatus, 152 A. hyrcanus, 5 A. splendidus captured; 530 A. minimus, 1035 A. jeyporiensis, 530 A. maculatus, 148 A. hyrcanus, 5 A. splendidus were obtained from the animal shelters.

66. As the map indicates Wo Li Hop is situated north of the Access Road to the Shing Mun Camp, on hilly ground slop- ing from Tai Mo Shan ridge seawards. It is over half a mile from the Camp. Several hill streams flow down from the ridge.

67. Table XVII gives details as regards the catches. Owing to the anti-malarial operations done for the pro- tection of the Camp, the number of Anophelines per morning's catch was considerably less than last year. In 1933, 5748 were obtained in 40 morning catches, or 143 per morning; in 1934, 2579 were got in 91 mornings or 28 per morning. A comparatively large number of A. maculatus were captured, mainly from the animal shelters.

68. The Inspectors when collecting took thick and thin blood films from any sick person found in the village. Of ning bloods examined, malarial parasites were found in five. Ab various times coolies employed at the Camp resided in Wo Li Hop. The results of the dissections for malaria are given in Table XVIII.

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(d) INVESTIGATIONS AS TO FREVALENCE OF MALARIA IN CERTAIN AREAS.

(1) Shing Mun. Investigation and Prevention.

69. It will be seen on reference to the map that the Camp is situated 500 feet above sea level on ground which slopes south- wards from Tai Mo Shan ridge to Gin Drinkers' Bay; east of the Camp is the Shing Mun River. The Gorge where the Dam is being constructed is half a mile distant. The Shing Mun river rises east of Tai Mo Shan, flows south to Pineapple Pass and afterwards turns east to Tidal Cove at Shatin.

70. Flowing south from Tai Mo Shan is a large stream A, with numerous branches which lie on all sides of the Camp. The streams are rocky bedded and boulder strewn, the boulders being of all sizes and shapes, in places the grade of the stream is steep in other places flat. Sometimes the course leads through deep gorges. In some of the valleys, rice fields arranged in terraces have been constructed by building a series of stone walls arross them in order to retain the soil thrown down, the stream being usually diverted to one side and used as an irrigation channel, in other instances the water for irrigation is derived from see- pages which drain into ditches.

71. The nearest human habitation to the Camp is the village of Wo Li Hop which is half a mile distant as the crow flies.

72. There are no human habitations in the upper reaches of the Shing Mun, the villagers having migrated, and flooded fallow rice fields were formerly a feature of the tributaries of the stream from Pineapple Pass upwards.

73. At the end of 1933 there were two sets of permanent coolie lines, situated at the heads of streams A3 and A6. In 1934 an additional set of four permanent lines was built on the spur overlooking A3, and occupied in May. Another set of five lines was built on the same spur and occupied in September.

74. The population varied from 712 in the month of January to 1894 in December, the average monthly labour force being 1286 as compared with 595 in 1933.

75. Anti-larval measures within an area of half a mile radius from the Camp, as represented on the map by a circle of 4" radius were completed by the end of 1933 and extended along the valley of A5 as far as the Access Road. Anti-malarial measures direct- ed against A. jeyporiensis were in operation from Pineapple Pass to the P.W.D. Dam; namely, drainage of the fallow rice fields formerly flooded; early in 1934 these operations were extended as far as the village of Ho Pui.

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76. Of these measures, in 1933, works of a permanent nature were done in the rice swamps (indicated in shading) and in the upper parts of streams A3 and A6 within the 2′′ circle, and, along stream A3a outside this limit. Drainage pipes and rubble sur- mounted by concrete drains were placed in the narrow rocky bedded streams, C, D, and E. Engineering work was done on that portion of the ravine which runs from Pineapple Pass to Wo Li Hop, and such breeding places of A. jeyporiensis as lay between Pineapple Pass and the P.W.D. Dam along the Shing Mun and its tributaries.

77. The remaining streams and rice fields in the area under treatment, were dealt with by temporary measures. Clearing was done in the streams and the water oiled; drainage in the fallow rice fields, and oiling of these drains within the half mile circle.

78. In 1934 an anti-malarial gang of ten coolies oiled and kept clear the streams, and made such ditches as were necessary. A mixture of 1% Paris Green with Green Island Cement dust was used on breeding places in wet cultivation north of the Access Road. This work was supervised by the Resident Medical Officer assisted by two anti-malarial Inspectors who resided on the spot. Blood films were taken, stained, examined and reported upon by them and when time permitted minor larval surveys were done and searches for fresh breeding places were made.

79. In 1933 over 33000 Anophelines had been captured in the coolie lines, 75% of the catch being A. jeyporiensis which had an infection rate of 10% in over 10000 dissections, hence this Anopheline was considered to be of primary importance. The larvae had been found in fallow rice fields so that a special look- out was kept for such breeding places.

80. Early in the year surveys were done in the streams around the matsheds occupied by the coolies of the Wolfram Min- ing Camp, the site of which is indicated on the map, east of the Shing Mun river. The larvae taken were nearly all A. maculatus: no flooded rice fields were then found in the vicinity nor later in the year when the A. jeyporiensis catch in the Camp had gone up considerably.

81. In 14 morning catches done at Wolfram Camp matsheds during the second half of the year only eleven Anophelines were captured, however two of these were found to be infected. the end of the year about 350 labourers resided in this Camp.

At

82. On the Eastern bank of the Shing Mun searches were made from the neighbourhood of the village of Ho Pui to the swampy ravine at the head of stream A2 east of the Aqueduct, but no breeding grounds of A. jeyporiensis were met with.

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83. As to the swampy ravine at the head of A2, the vegeta- tion is dense, and in places there is a rusty coloured precipitate in the water. Larval surveys were done but few or no larvae were found and this at times when the Camp catch was high. This ravine does not seem to be the source of the A. jeyporiensis trouble.

84. During the period March, April, May, June, larval surveys were done in the fallow rice fields in the upper reaches of the Shing Mun beyond Ho Pui--the limit of the controlled area in this direction. Many of these were found dry, some were found flooded with no larvae, from a few small number of larvae A. jeyporiensis and A. hyrcanus were obtained. As A. hyrcanus was being captured in the Camp catches in fair numbers at that time, it did not appear as if the supply were coming from these

sources.

85. The ground north of Wo Li Hop was also investigated. Nothing of importance was found until the rains set in, when a few wet grassy fields were met with. These were drained by ditching.

86. A watch was kept upon fallow fields along the banks of stream A. north of the Access Road. During the rains these were found flooded and from some of them larvae of A. jeyporiensis were collected. Drainage was done.

87. More fallow fields were found in the fork of A5 north of the Access Road, and to the west of these as far as the head of Ravine B. All were drained as well as the head of B. which was ascertained to be a fertile source of A. jeyporiensis at times.

88. Towards the end of the year attention was paid to the fallow rice fields on the banks of stream Ala. It will be seen from the map that there are several Chinese villages much nearer these breeding places than the Camp, and which one would expect would be more attractive to the mosquitoes on that account. The direction of the local prevailing wind may have a bearing on this matter.

89. The monthly A. jeyporiensis catches until July were insignificant in comparison with the corresponding catches in 1933, but in May four new lines were occupied on the spur overlooking the head of stream A3 and in September five more, thus extending the Camp in the direction of Ala.

90. Collections were made during seven mornings in Novem- ber in these fallow fields and about 5000 larvae obtained. 53% of these were A. jeyporiensis, the remainder being mainly A. hyrcanus. This breeding ground is being kept under observation in order to determine what action should be taken regarding it.

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91. Towards the end of October 1933, larval surveys were done in two sets of terraced rice fields before the cutting of the second crop and whilst the water was being drained off. From cne set 102 larvae were collected, 76 of which were A. hyrcanus, 26 A. jeyporiensis. From the other set 763 larvae were obtained, 70% of which were A. hyrcanus, 18% A. minimus, 12% A. jey- poriensis.

92. In 1934 further investigations were made from the middle of September to 8th November in various rice cultivations. The areas searched were the fields north of the Access Road, between stream A. and the head of B, those in the valley through which stream A4 flows and which has at its head the village of Sheung Kwai Chung, and rice fields along the banks of A1, A2, A3 and their branches. One survey was done in September and larvae of A. hyrcanus were found, but in small numbers. and November the results varied.

In October

93. In one place only larvae of A. hyrcanus were found, in other places the percentage of A. jeyporiensis varied from 2% of the collection to 40%. In some of the collections the percentage of A. minimus was low, in others it formed 10% and in one it was 30%. The area A2e was surveyed on the 2nd November, A. jeyporiensis formed 2% of a collection of 200 larvae.

A2f a short distance from A2e was searched on the 6th November yet A. jeyporiensis formed 40% of a collection of 519. The larvae of A. jeyporiensis were obtained in small numbers from the rice cultivation as compared with the numbers which could have been got in the same time from the fallow fields in Ala, A2f being an exception. The rice fields investigated were mostly irrigated by ditches from hill streams, such could soon be dried after the cutting of the second crop, and so did not furnish breeding pools in the rice stubble.

94. The Malariologist paid 36 visits during the year, the Assistant to Malariologist 75. Five Inspectors made 71, 55, 32, 27, 12 visits respectively. In addition a laboratory coolie helped in the larval collections as well as the two Vaccinators.

95. The visits were made for the purposes of larval surveying, searching for fresh breeding places, checking of oiling measures, inspecting fallow rice fields which had been drained and the upkeep of this drainage, checking local catches, inspecting areas dealt with by engineering work.

96. The Anti-malarial and Hospital staff were housed in mosquito proofed quarters, none of them contracted malaria.

97. Twenty-four Europeans resided in mosquito proof quar- ters, two suffered from malaria, one of whom had had an attack in the previous year.

M 129

Ot the five Indian police stationed at Shing Mun, three suffered from malaria and were treated there, neither of the two Chinese contracted the disease.

98. Table XV gives the estimated population of the Labour Force, month by month, its distribution according to race, the number of cases treated due to malaria and to all causes, also the results of examination of blood films for malaria. The figures have been supplied by the Resident Medical Officer.

99. The malaria case rate was high in January; dropped from February onwards but rose again in July, and remained at a comparatively high level for the remainder of the year.

100. From July onwards the A. jeyporiensis catches increased considerably, and those of A. minimus from October onwards.

101. Table XVI gives the monthly malaria case rates for the years 1933 and 1934 and the annual malaria case rates for 1933 and 1934. It will be seen that the annual rates for 1934 is one quarter that for 1933.

(2) Site of New Government Civil Hospital (at junction of Islands and Sassoon Roads).

102. Mosquito catches were made in the four matsheds which housed about 425 labourers employed on levelling the site of this Hospital. From January until June it was only considered neces- sary to make monthly visits, after June weekly visits were paid as incidence of malaria is usually higher from that time onwards. The Inspector engaged in the catching took thick and thin films of any persons found sick in the matsheds. In the course of 30 visits, only three Anophelines (A. minimus) were caught, and these in November and December. Four blood films were taken, no parasites were found in them and no infection was found in the mosquitoes.

103. Several surveys have been done within the circle of half mile radius from the site, from 1931 onwards. Larvae of A. maculatus have always been found in abundance but few larvae of A. minimus, except when the surveys were done in the colder months, when they were found in comparatively large numbers in a small sector of the circle in the neighbourhood of Mount Davis Road. In this small sector 19 out of 26 children or 73% examined in 1931 had enlarged spleens.

104. In the remaining sector of the half mile circle 124 children were examined, three or 2.4% had enlarged spleens, this sector contains numerous cattle and pigs the property of the Dairy Farm Co..

M 130

105 Larval surveys were continued in two streams A. and B. north and south of Mount Davis Road between fixed limits, and as far as possible all the larvae present were collected. In 1933 larvae had been collected from A. between Conduit and Forestry Paths about every two months. Larvae of A. maculatus were always found but in February 65 A. maculatus and 4 A. minimus were obtained.

106. In 1934 monthly collections were made; in January 35 A. maculatus, 2 A. minimus were obtained; in February 32 A. maculatus, 1 A. minimus; no more larvae of A. minimus were met with until December when 120 A. maculatus and 5 A. minimus were collected.

107. As to stream B larvae had been collected the previous year from the portion between Island and Victoria Roads about every two months. These collections were repeated at monthly intervals in 1934. In 1933 A. minimus had been found in high percentages during the cold months and the same results were obtained in 1934. Thus in January 40 A. maculatus, 25 A. mini- mus were collected, in February 67 A. maculatus, 10 A. minimus, no more larvae of A. minimus were met with until October when 130 4. maculatus and 3 A. minimus were obtained; in November 280 A. maculatus, 119 A. minimus, in December 128 A. maculatus, 108 A. minimus.

108. No complaints of malaria were received from the residents of the neighbourhood during the year.

(3) Pokfulam Village.

109. The villagers mostly live in huts made of bamboos and thatch. The village is situated on flat ground east of Island Behind, or east of the village the ground rises sharply towards the Peak, in front or west of the village it falls abruptly to the sea. The flat portions of the streams in the neighbour- hood of the village are trained. In 1931, 50 children were ex- amined, 2 or 4% had enlarged spleens.

110. Mosquito catching was done one morning each month until June, after that two visits were made monthly. The most likely huts for A. minimus were always searched, namely, those nearest the untrained hill streams. In 19 mornings only two A. minimus and one A. maculatus were obtained. C. fatigans was well represented in the catches.

111. Three streams run into the valley in which the village is situated, one is an overflow from Pokfulam Reservoir which finds its way into a concrete channel. Above the Reservoir the main stream which commences below the Peak Hotel, was search- ed in July and only larvae of A. maculatus were found. In November 36% of the collection of 385 larvae was A. minimus the majority of which were obtained near the Reservoir.

M 131

112. As to the other two streams, in larval surveys made during the last quarter of the year A. minimus was obtained in small numbers only from them. There are several cattle byres in the vicinity of the village

(4) Aberdeen.

113. This village is situated on the south coast of the Island and is surrounded on all sides by hilly ground except in the direction of the sea. Three streams flow down from the hills. One commences below the War Memorial Hospital and discharges into the Aqueduct which runs into the Aberdeen Reservoir; below the Aqueduct it resumes its course between Mount Kellett and the Aberdeen Chinese Cemetery. This stream is about half a mile from Aberdeen Market. In July a collection was made in the upper portion between the War Memorial Hospital and the Aqueduct, and only larvae of A. maculatus were found.

114. In August the portion between the Aqueduct and the sea was searched and only larvae of A. maculatus were obtained. In September larvae only of A. maculatus were found between the Aqueduct and the sea. In November searches were made in the portions both above and below the Aqueduct, larvae of A. maculatus and a few A. minimus were found in each.

115. Market gardeners, residing in huts, live along the lower portion of this stream.

116. Another stream flows past the Aberdeen Market. It is trained, also its branches.

117. The third stream continues from Aberdeen Reservoir and flows into the sea, close by St. Louis Industrial School. A good many boulders have been removed from the bed. In Sep- tember a few A. maculatus larvae were found, in December out of about 400 larvae collected 7% were A. minimus.

118. No complaints have been received of malaria from Aberdeen.

(5) Repulse Bay.

Contractors' Matsheds, Beach Road.

119. About 166 labourers engaged on making this road were housed in two matsheds. A hill stream flows southwards from Island Road to the sea, beneath Beach Road. A visit was made in August; no Anophelines were caught in the matsheds, no sick were found in the lines and no Anopheline larvae were found in the stream. Another visit was made in September, 1 A. minimus and 1 A. maculatus were caught in the matsheds, 23 A. maculatus and 1 A. minimus larvae were collected from the

M 132

stream. Monthly visits were paid in October, November, Dec- ember, in October out of 86 larvae collected from the stream, 60 were A. minimus, the remainder being A. maculatus. In Nov- ember 211 were A. minimus out of 266 collected; in December 318 out of 341. A total of 59 A. minimus and 1 A. maculatus adults were captured in the matsheds.

120. Of 51 A. minimus dissected, 2 were found infected. Six blood films were taken from sick persons in the lines during October and November, two of these had malarial infections.

(6) Shek O Rice Fields.

121. Collections of larvae were made from rice fields at Shek O which were irrigated by water seeping from a hill foot. The results are expressed as the number of larvae which could be collected by one man in one hour. As far as possible the same collectors were employed, the day of collection being as near the middle of the month as circumstances would allow. In June the number was 2, in July 2, in September 12, in October 10, early in November 49 whilst the rice was still uncut; in mid November 106 after the rice had been cut, at the end of Nov- ember 159, in December 150.

122. The larvae collected were all A. hyrcanus until the mid November collection when about 5% were A. jeyporiensis. At the end of November there were 3% A. jeyporiensis in the collec- tion and 1.5% in December.

123. At Wong Chok Hàng in November 1932, larvae of A. jeyporiensis were found in abundance in pools amongst the rice stubble as well as those of A. hyrcanus, apparently rice fields differ as to suitability for A. jeyporiensis breeding just as streams do in regard to A. minimus.

124. It is worthy of note that the larval catch of A. hyrcanus was low in the months June, July, August, September when the catch of adults at Shing Mun Camp was also low.

(7) Streams below Shek O Club.

125. Two collections were made, one in April, one in July from the stream below Shek O Club between the junction of the Road to the Club and the Road to New Shek O Village. This portion receives the effluent from three septic tanks, rushes grow in it, the flow is sluggish, and the mouth is usually obstructed by a sand bar. In the April survey the larvae of A. hyrcanus were found in abundance, in July only one was collected.

M 133

(8) Taikoo Sanatorium.

126. In December 1932, 16 larvae of A. maculatus and 19 of A. minimus were found in a brick and cement tank, 6 feet square near the site of the former Taikoo Sanatorium. The tank was fed by a seepage trickling from the rocks, and overflowed into a con- crete channel. The site is approximately 1200 feet above sea level, one mile as the crow flies from the nearest habitation. No one had been living there since 1930. During 1933 the tank was inspected monthly excepting the months of February, May, September. No Anopheline larvae were collected until November when 28 A. maculatus were found. In December 15 A. maculatus and 1 larva of A. minimus were collected. In 1934 monthly col- lections were made except during the months January, February, June, July; but only larvae of C. bitaeniorhynchus were found.

(9) Tai Hang Road Matsheds.

127. Mosquito catches were made once a month in the first half of the year and more often in the second half. The mat- sheds were sited close to Tai Hang, an eastern suburb of Victoria. One set was situated on the spur above the road, overlooking the untrained portion of the Tai Hang nullah. In these catching took place on 24 mornings. No Anophelines were caught. Another set of matsheds were situated in the nullah, by the roadside. In 19 morning searches, 4 A. minimus were obtained, 2 in Sep- tember, 2 in December. None were found infected. No labour- ers were found sick in either set of lines during the visits although about 102 were employed.

128. The untrained portion of the nullah between Taí Hang Road and Sir Cecil's Ride was surveyed monthly, larvae of A. maculatus were found and occasionally a few A. hyrcanus.

(10) Tung Wah Matsheds.

129. These were occupied by contractor's labourers, about 44 in number who were engaged in the training of a nullah between Tai Hang Road and Sir Cecil's Ride. By the end of the year the training was almost completed. Visits once a month were made during the period January-June, after that more frequent visits were made. In 24 morning searches 4 Anophelines were cap- tured, two being A. minimus the other two being A. jeyporiensis, three of these were captured in January, one in March. No sick were found in the lines.

(11) Wong Nei Chong Village.

130. This hamlet is situated near Blue Pool Road south east of Happy Valley. Mosquito catching was done on 19 mornings, monthly visits being made during the period January-June. No Anophelines were taken, but C. fatigans figured largely in the

M 134

catches. In November and December 4 A. minimus were caught in 3 morning searches in a matshed occupied by contractors' coolies. No sick were reported in the course of these visits. A larval survey was done in September in the main stream in the valley above the village. Larvae of A. maculatus only were collected.

(12) Middle Gap Road and Coombe Road.

131. A case of malaria was reported from each of these Roads. In May a survey was done in the stream flowing across Middle Gap and Mount Cameron Roads between R.B.L. 336 and R.B.L. 337. Only larvae of A. maculatus were found. In Dec- ember the survey was repeated, in order to ascertain if A. mini- mus larvae were present in numbers, but only a few were obtain- ed, in addition to those of A. maculatus. In August thick and thin blood films were obtained from 91 servants living in Magazine Gap Road, Coombe Road, Mount Cameron Road and Middle Gap Road; malarial parasites were found in one of these only.

(13) Kai Tak Matsheds.

132. Four visits were paid during March-June at monthly intervals to a matshed within the Airport occupied by 10 labour- ers. 1 A. minimus was obtained. Seven visits were paid to a matshed just outside the Airport which housed about 150 labour- ers, during the months January-June. 3 A. minimus, 2 A. jeyporiensis, 1 A. maculatus, 2 A. hyrcanus were captured. None of these mosquitoes were found infected and no sick labourers were met with.

(14) Tsun Wan Village.

133. The neighbouring police station has a high malaria sick rate. Mosquito catches were made in the village houses, cow byres, and pigsties in September and October. In 5 mornings, 76 A. minimus, 50 A. jeyporiensis, 7 A. maculatus, 1 A. hyrcanus were obtained. Of 72 A. minimus dissected, 4 were found infect- ed. Of 44 A. jeyporiensis dissected 2 infections were found. infections were found in the 7 A. maculatus.

No

134. Three blood films were taken from the villagers in the course of the visits, one contained parasites.

(15) Hume Pipe Company site, 10 miles, Castle Peak Road.

135. This site was visited in November and December, investigations made and a report submitted upon the findings.

(16) Proposed site of Military Cantonments at Kowloon Tong.

136. Inspections were made in September and October. larval surveys done in December in the streams east of the road to Shatin Pass: a report was submitted.

M 135

(e) Mosquito NUISANCE.

137. The usual plague of mosquitoes, due to C. fatigans occurred in the Mount Kellett area on the Peak, from the advent of the warm weather until the beginning of the rains. Breeding places were found on the Peak itself, but below Matilda Hospital, a hill stream was found by the Malariologist to be polluted by drainage from manure dumps; and from the contaminated pools, larvae of C. fatigans were collected in abundance, whilst above the pollution none were obtained. The rains set in shortly after the finding of these breeding places and although larvae of A. maculatus could be collected from them, no larvae of C. fatigans were obtained, the current being perhaps too strong or the pollution too weak. Later in the year larvae of both A. macu- latus and of A. minimus were met with in the polluted water. Arrangements have been made for the oiling of the C. fatigans breeding places by Sanitary Department coolies.

138. At the Dairy Farm, Pokfulam, the septic tank has been mosquito proofed, the stream into which the effluent discharges and in whose pools larvae of C. fatigans were found in enormous numbers has been "rough" trained as far as Victoria Road, by the Assistant to Malariologist who is superintending the oiling of

it, as well as the oiling of the stream below Matilda Hospital.

139. Larvae of C. fatigans have been found on occasions in the sumps receiving the drainage from the cow byres of the Dairy Farm.

140. C. fatigans mosquitoes were captured in large numbers at the Fanling Government Bungalow. Their larvae were found in the septic tank on the premises and also in a septic tank at the Fanling Golf Club. Recommendations were made for dealing with these places.

141. Visits were paid to the Jockey Club stables, Shek O, Coombe Road, Broadwood Road, Sassoon Road, and Repulse Bay, in connection with complaints made by householders. At the Jockey Club quarters the nuisance was caused by C. fatigans which bred in the effluent discharged from the stable drains, at Shek O it was caused by Aedes togoi which breeds in rock pools near the sea, at Coombe Road by Aedes albopictus whose larvae were found in great numbers in an ancient and miscellan- eous collection of tins and crockery, amongst the undergrowth in the ravine at the junction of Coombe Road and New Aberdeen Road, at Broadwood Road the trouble was caused C. fatigans and Aedes albopictus which were breeding in discarded recep- tacles on the hill side above Blue Pool Road, at Sassoon Road by the same species whose larvae were found without difficulty in the village of Tai How Wan, and at Repulse Bay by Aedes albopictus whose larvae were found in concrete pits, and by Aedes togoi.

M 136

INSTRUCTION OF INSPECTORS AND TEACHING

OF MOSQUITOLOGY.

142. The instruction of the Inspectors was continued throughout the year.

143. A high standard of efficiency has been maintained by them both in Laboratory and Field work. Dissections showing Ross' black spores in salivary glands and in midguts, stained midguts infected with oocysts and stained larval filaria, were prepared by them, for exhibition at the Far Eastern Congress of Tropical Medicine held in Nanking.

144. Demonstrations in collecting mosquito larvae, and in capturing the adults were given to a class of R.A.M.C.

men.

145. Classes of instruction for probationer Sanitary Inspectors were continued from the previous year; towards the end of the year classes were held for students of the Hong Kong University.

(g) Co-OPERATION WITH OTHER DEPARTMENTS AND

PRIVATE INDIVIDUALS.

146. From time to time visits were paid to the P.W.D. drainage works in progress at Tung Wah Eastern Hospital, Taikoo Dockyard, Lyemun Barracks, Stanley Feninsula, the former Military Sanatorium site Magazine Gap, and at Kowloon Tong.

147. The training of the important portion of an A. minimus breeding stream adjacent to Kent Road Kowloon Tong which was commenced in September 1933 was completed by the end of 1934. In 1932, 23 cases of malaria were notified from this neighbourhood, in 1933, 19 cases were notified, in 1934 only 1

case.

148. Special visits were made with the Drainage Engineer to Pokfulam area, to Kowloon Tong and to Po Kong, and with the Acting M.O.H. and Chief Sanitary Inspector to Pokfulam. Drainage at Kings Park was inspected with the Assistant M.O.H.

149. The surroundings of No. 27 Deep Water Bay, and of the Hume Pipe Company Castle Peak Road were inspected.

150. Mosquito larvae and adults were identified for the Military Authorities and for the M.O.H. Anophelines captured at the Military Camps and sent to the Laboratory were dissected and reports furnished.

151. A paper on the Anophelines of the Colony was prepared and read at the meeting of the Far Eastern Congress of Tropical Medicine held in October at Nanking.

Table I.

Anopheline Larvae examined microscopically during 1934.

Month

A. ma-

culatus

A.

minimus

A. hyr-

A. jeypo-

canus

riensis

A.

karwari

A.

aitkeni

A. splen-

didus

Total

M 137

January.

131

42

355

139

10

17

694

February

617

337

535

144

25

1,658

March

269

19

6

April.

391

12

872

**

34

328

34

1,309

May

462

30

22

514

June

1,067

475

214

17

1,773

July..

2,086

208

183

1

20

31

2,529

August

338

6

489

12

845

September

1,018

35

230

30

31

1,344

October

1,095

438

2,102

409

35

4,079

November.

2,730

1,279

4,549

3,032

44

69

11,703

December

4,103

1,155

1,185

42

8

6,493

Totals.

14,307

4,036

10,742

3,893

121

139

31

33,269

Month

Table II.

Adult Mosquitoes hatched out from large larvae and pupae during 1934.

A. ma-

culatus

A.

minimus

A. hyr-

A. jeypo-

A.

A

canus

riensis

karwari

aitkeni

A. splen-

didus

Total

January.

94

73

59

52

7

296

February

159

35

34

36

264

March

29

1

1

7

39

April..

68

2

104

174

May

116

4

6

126

June

119

99

16

237

July.

303

66

26

395

August

48

98

146

September.

163

6

32

6

10

217

October

102

34

109

25

11

284

November..

341

170

211

212

9

944

December

566

234

124

26

950

M- 138

Totals..

2,108

724

820

364

41

4,072

M 139

Table III.

Result of Precipitin Tests made by M. Toumanoff of the Pasteur Institute, Saigon, on blood taken from Anopheles captured at Shing Mun.

Espèces

Nombre d'exa-

mens

Résulatats

positifs

Homme

bétail

Porc

Chien

Mixte

Réactions positives au sérum de

Village de Shing-Mun. (1)

A. hyrcanus

var sinensis.

67

47

43

A. jeyporiensis.

37

21

19

A. maculatus .. 14

11

8

A. maculipalpis.

1

O

A. minimus

18

8

Total...

137

87

78

Village de Wo-Li-Hop.

Observations

Hom. + ch.

1

P

1

1

Hom. + ch.

1

var

A. hyrcanus

sinensis.

Hom.bèt.

3

1

1

1

= 1

A. jeyporiensis.

35

32

2

29

1 Hom. + bet.

1

A. maculatus ...

32

31

2

25

2

1 Hom. + bet.

1

A. minimus

28

26

3

23

:

Total.

98

92

7

77

3

1

3

Village de Little Hong Kong.

A. jeyporiensis.

1

1

1

Hom. + ch.

= 3

A. minimus

168 125 102

15

4

Hom. + pore

: 1

Total...

169 126 103

15

(1) Une réaction de A. jeyporiensis et deux de A. maculatus provenant du village de Shing-Mun étaient positives avec le sérum anti chèvre.

Un maculatus de Wo-Li-Hop a été trouvé gorgé du sang

de cheval.

M 140

Table IV.

HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS.

Gort, Civil Kowloon Admissions Admissions

Victoria Admissions

Victoria Gaol

Admissions

Nationality

All Mala- All Mala- canses ria causes

All Mala-

All Mala-

ria

causes ria

causes ria

Europeans

332

587

47

313

11

Indians

1.055

129

21

2

Chinese

3,440

55

1.665

88

12

916

726

Others

74

192

23

Nationality

Europeans Indians

Chinese

Others

22

Lai Chi Kok | Lai Chi Kok

Goal (M)

Admissions

Gaol (F) Admissions

Tung Wah Admissions

All Mala- All Mala- All Mala- causes ria causes ria causes ria

Tung Wah Eastern Admissions

All Mala- causes ria

570 71

163

25 9.908 464 6,532 122

Kwong Wah Admissions

Matilda Admissions

Alice Memorial Admissions

Ho Mui Ling

Admissions

Nationality

All Mala- All Mala- causes ria causes ria

All Mala- All Mala- causes ria causes ria

Europeans Indians

257

Chinese

12,891 253

800

413

21

Others.....

Nationality

Har Memorial Admissions

Yeung Wo Admi-sions

All Mala- All Mala- causes ria causes ria

Europeans Indians

443

19

33

Chinese

5

1,380 33

Others......

14

M 141

SUMMARY OF ADMISSIONS.

Percentage of admissions

Nationality. All causes.

Cases of Malaria.

for Malaria.

Europeans... 1,972

85

4.31

Indians

1,080

131

11.94

Chinese...... 38,701

1,176

3.03

Others

303

Totals...... 42,056

1,392

3.27

MALARIA ADMISSIONS.

During

Diagnosed microscopically.

Diagnosed clinically.

1st Quarter

220

2nd

290

787

612

3rd

552

4th

320

19

Totals... 1,382

787

612

Total admission to Government Hospitals (including Gaol)

excluding Cachexia 457 cases.

M 142

Table V.

Dispensary Statistics.

Total

Malaria

Dispensaries.

cases treated.

cases

treated.

Percentage of cases of Malaria treated to total

cases.

Tai Po

14,801

1,071

10.22

Un Long

8,046

141

1.75

Western Public

17,193

754

4.39

Kowloon City

17,737

973

5.49

Sham Shui Po

25,456

917

3.60

Shaukiwan

25,484

512

2.01

Aberdeen

7,714

295

3.82

Central

25,998

15

0.06

Eastern

13,532

380

28.1

Yaumati

41,845

518

1.24

Hung Hom

12,690

453

3.57

Totals....

210,496

6,029

2.86

Malaria cases treated.

During

Diagnosed microscopically.

Diagnosed clinically.

1st Quarter

1,005

2nd

1,072

"T

1,554

4,475

3rd

1,869

4th

2,083

27

Totals......6,029

1,554

4,475

M 143

Table VI.

Government Employees and Malarial Admissions.

Nationality.

Average No. of émployees.

Malarial Admissions.

Malarial Admissions

per 1,000.

Europeans

864

20

23.14

Indians

1,086

122

112.33

Chinese

3,951

57

14.42

Others

89

...

Totals.......

5,990

199

33.22

During

Malarial admissions.

Diagnosed microscopically.

Diagnosed clinically.

1st Quarter

26

2nd

51

189

10

3rd

77

"

4th

45

Totals...... 199

189

10

M 144

Chapter VII.

Police Force and Malarial Admissions,

Stations.

Average Malarial

Strength.

Admissions.

Central

Upper Levels

501

20

94

6

Gough Hill

Sai Ying Pun

Pokfulam

35

97

3

9

1

Aberdeen

21

1

Wanchai

109

1

Bay View

21

Shing Mun Sub Station

8

Shaukiwan

19

2

Stanley

10

Tai Tam Tuk

4

Quarry Bay

21

Yaumati

202

2

Sham Shui Po

64

8

Mongkok

52

Kowloon Water Works

3

Hung Hom

35

Kowloon City

56

Water Police.....

232

Tsim Sha Tsui

75

Tsun Wan.....

11

15

Cheung Chau

12

}

Tai O.

20

Green Island...............

3

Police Training School

106

12

Au Tau...

15

3

Castle Peak

10

...

Lok Ma Chau

13

Ping Shan...

12

1

Sha Tin.......

Sai Kung Sha Tau Kok Sheung Shui.....

Tai Po

10

Ι

11

14

1

21

11

17

2

Tai Ku Ling.

Lin Ma Hang

13

8

TOTALS......

1,964

117

M 145

Summary of admissions.

Nationality.

Strength.

Malarial Admissions.

Malarial Admissions

per 1,000.

Europeans....

213

9

42.25

Indians

709

93

131.17

Chinese

1,042

15

14.40

Totals......

1,964

117

59.57

During

1st Quarter 18

2nd

3rd

4th

""

19

37

38

24

Malaria admissions.

Diagnosed microscopically.

Diagnosed clinically.

62

22

دة

Totals...... 117

62

55

11

Table VIII.

RESULTS OF EXAMINATION OF BLOOD FILMS (FOR MALARIAL PARASITES) TAKEN FROM PRISONERS ADMITTED TO VICTORIA GAOL.

District

according to

address

City of Victoria

Island of Hong Kong (excluding City of Victoria.)

Kowloon.

New Territories.

Total.

supplied.

M 146

Films

Films

Films

Films

Films

Month.

examin-

examin-

examin-

examin-

examin-

ed.

positive.

ed.

positive.

ed.

positive.

ed.

positive.

ed.

positive.

January

13

16

2

57

4

14

100

6

February.

10

16

56

14

96

...

March

8

15

62

13

98

April

5

12

68

3

12

97

3

May

1

4

72

1

8

1

85

2

...

June

4

2

82

8

96

...

July.

8

78

1

10

1

99

2

August

78

1

12

100

1

September

23

1

59

1

13

3

99

5

October

11

73

November

9

71

...

December

5

65

2233

1

18

105

1

15

100

1

18

1

90

2

Yearly Totals.

104

1

85

2

821

13

155

6

CO

1,165

22

Percentage

0.96

2.35

1.58

3.87

1.88

Table IX.

RESULTS OF EXAMINATION OF BLOOD FILMS (FOR MICROFILARIA) TAKEN FROM PRISONERS ADMITTED TO VICTORIA GAOL.

M 147

District

Island of Hong Kong

according to

address

City of Victoria.

(excluding City of Victoria).

Kowloon,

New Territories.

Total.

supplied.

Films

Films

Films

Films

Films

Month.

examin-

examin-

examin-

examin-

ed.

positive.

ed.

positive.

ed.

positive.

ed.

positive

examin-

ed

positive

January

13

1

16

1

57

14

100

February

10

16

56

14

1

96

21

March

8

15

62

13

98

April

5

12

68

12

97

May

1

4

June

4

2

July.

8

August

7

September

23

1

October

11

November

9

December

5

ITHO ∞ ∞ HIGO KON

72

8

85

82

96

78

I

78

∞ co

10

99

3

12

100

9

59

13

99

73

1

18

105

1

5

71

1

15

100

1

65

18

90

Yearly Totals

104

2

85

2

821

13

155

1

1,165

18

Percentage

1.92

2.35

1.58

0.64

1.54

...

Locality

Table X.

Results of Night Catches of Anophelines at Wong Chok Hang.

(Little Hong Kong).

Month during which catching took place.

SPECIES

No. of nights

when catching

A.

took place.

Minimus

A.

Jeyporiensis

A.

Maculatus

A.

Hyrcanus

M

F

M

F

M

F

M

F

January,

23

February

18

March

20

Tent near Mr.

April

20

Li's House.....

May

22

June

21

12

July

22

August..

5

47203

September

October

November

Total.

December

131

35

:

3

10

13

8

30

19

1

.83

— M 148 —

Table XI.

Results of Morning Catches of Anophelines at Wong Chok Hang Village and Surroundings.

(Little Hong Kong).

SPECIES.

Month during which catching took place.

No. of mornings

when catching

A..

A.

A..

took place.

Minimus.

Jeyporiensis.

Maculatus.

A.

Hyrcanus.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

-M 149–

January

26

February.

22

March...

25

∞ 26

87

95

121

6

April

25

40

265

May

26

77

402

1

COTTA

1

212

1

June

26

59

451

1

1

July.

25

66

393

1

1

August

27

39

159

1

September.

25

24

144

1

October.

26

19

163

21

November

26

61

349

9

December

25

19

173

13

1

Totals..

304

420

2,802

58

1

13

1

29

M 150

Table XII.

Record of Dissections for Malarial Infection of Anophelines caught at Wong Chok Hang Village and Vicinity.

(Little Hong Kong).

No. with

Month

Species

No. of dissections

infected

No. with infected

glands

midgut

only

only

No. with infected glands and midgut

Percentage of infection

A. minimus.

83

January

A. jeyporiensis...

A. maculatus..........

~98

1

1.20

6

A. hyrcanus.

A. minimus..

91

February...

A. jeyporiensis.....

1

A. maculatus...

4

A. hyrcanus

A. minimus..

114

March

A. jeyporiensis

6

A. maculatus

11

A. hyrcanus

3

A. minimus

185

April.......

A. jeyporiensis..........

1

A. maculatus.........

10

A. hyrcanus

5

A. minimus.

288

3

1.38

May

A. jeyporiensis....

A. maculatus...

8

A. hyrcanus

A. minimus.

181

June

A. jeyporiensis...

A. maculatus..

31

A. hyrcanus

7

4. minimus.

220

3.18

July..

A. jeyporiensis...

A. maculatus...

19

A. hyrcanus

2

A. minimus

133

N

4.51

August......

A. jeyporiensis..........

A. maculatus...

1

A. hyrcanus

A. minimus

130

ون

3

GO

3

6.15

September..

A. jeyporiensis.

A. maculatus...

A. hyrcanus

1

A. minimus.

October.....

A. jeyporiensis....

A. maculatus..

A. hyrcanus

A. minimus

༣༢༠ནྡྷནཱ

145

2

~

2.76

21

2

294

Co

1

3

33.33 3.40

November..

A. jeyporiensis....

9

A. maculatus..

***

A. hyrcanus

1

A. minimus.

116

6

5.17

December...

A. jeyporiensis...

12

A. maculatus..

A. hyrcanus

6

A. minimus

1,980

18

24

4

2.32

Totals..

A. maculatus..

A. jeyporiensis...

A. hyrcanus

56

91

328

30

1

3.33

A.

karwari.

M. F.

Table XIII.

Results of Morning Catches Shing Mun Camp.

No. of

Month during

which catching

mornings

when

A.

took place.

catching

minimus.

took place.

M.

F.

M.

F.

A.

jeyporiensis.

SPECIES.

A.

maculatus.

A.

hyrcanus.

A.

splendidus.

Gemmat V

M.

F.

M.

F.

M. F.

!

-

M 151

January

31

25

49

621

February.

26

17

31

23

523

March..

29

35

82

22

786

April

30

39

91

30

733

May

30

5

41

138

38

655

June

29

75

210

92

136

33∞

5

July.

30

56

533

146

60

12

August

31

42

621

249

27

11

September

28

23

924

146

140

October

31

1

261

1,552

120

678

November...

29

228

1,017

95

1,323

2

December

31

191

234

86

1,227

Totals..

355

6

1,033

5,482

1,055

6,909

50

4

Si

M 152

Table XIV.

Results of Dissections for Malarial Infection of Anophelines caught at the Shing Mun Camp.

No. with

No. with

Month

Species

No. of dissections

infected

infected

glands

midgut

only

only

No. with infected glands and midgut

Percentage

of infection

A. minimus.....

22

A. jeyporiensis...

44

January

A. maculatus.....

8

A. hyrcanus

521

A. splendidus.

A. minimus...

12

A. jeyporiensis..........

24

4.15

February...

A. maculatus...

23

A. hyrcanus

507

A. splendidus

A. minimus.

30

A. jeyporiensis..........

76

March

A. maculatus..

18

A. hyrcanus

591

A. splendidus

A. minimus...

31

3.23

A. jeyporiensis....

58

April......

A. maculatus...

27

A. hyrcanus

613

A. splendidus

3

A. minimus....

32

1

3.11

A. jeyporiensis..

103

0.97

May

A. maculatus..

30

A. hyrcanus

417

4. splendidus

5

A. minimus...

51

A. jeyporiensis....

168

June........

A. maculatus...

84

Jund N

1.84 1.14

A. hyrcanus

97

...

A. splendidus.

7

A. minimus....

34

A. jeyporiensis..

459

6

July.....

A. maculatus..

136

1

A. hyrcanus

49

HONN

1

5.88

9

3.59

2

2.16

4.07

A. splendidus

12

A. minimus..

23

1

A. jeyporiensis....

488

9

12

August......

A. maculatus..

198

2M

3

...

4.35

4.51

1.52

A. hyrcanus

19

A. splendidus

10

A. minimus....

20

1

A. jeyporiensis....

863

20

17

September..

A. maculatus...

135

I

A. hyrcanus

131

A. splendidus.

2

A. minimus..

179

A. jeyporiensis...

882

October.....

A. maculatus...

95

A. hyrcanus

454

A. splèndidus

1

A. minimus....

192

A. jeyporiensis.....

833

27

3

11

A. maculatus.................

78

November..

:

A. hyrcanus

1,050

A. splendidus

5

A. kawari

A. minimus.

149

A. jeyporiensis...

168

+42

22

A. maculatus..

68

December...

:

A. hyrcanus

796

6

10.00

5.33

0.74

5

1

3.91

29

4 20

2

2.11

0.44

2.60

2.16

0.38

40.00

2.67

1.79

0.75

❤❤

A. splendidus

3

A. kawari

2

A. minimus....

775

A. jeyporiensis....

4,166

52

A. maculatus....

900

722

Total.........

A. hyrcanus

5,245

A. splendidus

48

18842

83

14

24

-

N

2.97

3.58

1.11 0.27

4.17

A. kawari

4

:

M 153

Table XV.

Sickness Returns for the Shing Mun Labour Force.

Malaria

No. of

Month

Race.

Average Popula- tion.

Cases Diagnosed

micros- copically.

cases of Sickness from all

No. of Deaths.

causes.

January

February

March

April

May....

June

July..

August

September

October....

November.

December.

| | !!

Cantonese.....

505

31

166

3*

Shanghai

257

22

171

Indian

20

5

Totals

782

54

342

4

Cantonese Shanghai

671

6

79

3*

367

79

Indian

19

3

Totals

1 057

14

161

Cantonese

697

6

130

3*

Shanghai.

379

9

15$

Indian

20

1

8

Totals

1,096

.16

296

Cantonese................

544

5

125

Shanghai.

369

135

Indian.

20

3

J*

Totals

933

263

3

Cantonese...

701

91

1*

Shanghai.

256

104

Indian.........................

19

2



Totals

976

197

Cantonese...

649

101

*

Shanghai.

198

10

69

Indian......

18

5

...

Totals

865

14

175

Cantonese...

670

10

152

3*

Shanghai.

302

31

220

Indian.

17

3

Totals

989

41

375

Cantonese...

973

24

219

Shanghai.

471

46

287

3*

Indian...

17

3

Totals

......

1,464

71

509

3

Cantonese...

1.095

37

270

1*

Shanghai.................

621

66

346

Indian.

18

4

Totals

1,734

103

620

2

Cantonese

1,264

37

235



Shanghai..

584

78

357

1+

Indian

18

2

Totals

1,866

116

594

2

Cantonese...

1,297

10

236

]*

Shanghai........

579

46

234

2*

Indian..

18

Totals

1.894

86

470

Cantonese...

1,166

27 <