Administrative Reports - 1933



ADMINISTRATIVE REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1933

Table of Contents

1 Geography, including Climate and History

2 Government

3 Population and Births and Deaths

4 Public Health

5 Housing

6 Production

7 Commerce

8 Wages and the Cost of Living

9 Education and Welfare institutions

10 Communication and Transport

11 Banking, Currency, Weights and Measures

12 Public Works

13 Justice and Police

14 Legislation

15 Public Finance and Taxation

A Financial Returns

A(1) Finances

A(2) Audit office

B Assessment

C Secretariat for Chinese affairs

D Harbour office

E Imports and Exports office

F Royal Observatory

G Supreme Court

G(1) Registrar of Trade Marks

H Police Magistrates' Courts

I Land office

J New Territories

K Police and Fire Brigade

L Prisons

M Medical and Sanitary

M(1) Sanitary

N Botanical and forestry

O Education

P Volunteer Corps (Not Published)

Q Public Works

R Post office

S Railway

 








ANNUAL REPORT ON THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC PROGRESS OF THE PEOPLE OF THE COLONY OF HONG KONG DURING THE YEAR 1933.

CHAPTER

CONTENTS

PAGE

I GEOGRAPHY, INCLUDING CLIMATE AND HISTORY......

II GOVERNMENT

1

3

III POPULATION AND BIRTHS AND DEATHS

4

IV PUBLIC HEALTH

V HOUSING

VI PRODUCTION

VII COMMERCE

6

..... 11

13

15

VIII WAGES AND THE COST OF LIVING

IX EDUCATION AND WELFARE INSTITUTIONS

X COMMUNICATION AND TRANSPORT..

XI BANKING, CURRENCY, WEIGHTS AND MEASURES... 29

19

22

26

XII PUBLIC WORKS

30

XIII JUSTICE AND POLICE

35

XIV LEGISLATION

38

XV PUBLIC FINANCE AND TAXATION

40

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Chapter I.

GEOGRAPHY, INCLUDING CLIMATE AND HISTORY.

The Colony of Hong Kong is situated off the south-eastern coast of China between latitude 22° 9′ and 22° 17′ N. and longitude 114° 5′ and 114° 18′ E. The island is about eleven miles long and two to five miles in breadth, its circumference being about 27 miles and its area 283 square miles. It consists of an irregular ridge of lofty hills rising to a height of nearly 2,000 feet above sea level, stretching nearly east and west, with few valleys of any extent and little ground available for cultivation,

2. The island of Hong Kong was ceded to Great Britain in January, 1841, the cession being confirmed by the Treaty of Nanking in August, 1842. The charter bears the date of 5th April, 1843. The Kowloon peninsula and Stonecutter's Island were ceded to Great Britain under the Convention signed at Peking in October, 1860, and under the Convention signed at Peking in June, 1898; the area known as the New Territories including Mirs Bay and Deep Bay was leased to Great Britain by the Government of China for 99 years. The total area of the Colony including the New Territories is about 390 square miles.

3. The importance of Hong Kong has grown with the in- crease of China's trade with foreign countries. It is now in respect of tonnage entered and cleared one of the largest ports in the world. It is the most convenient outlet for the produce of South China as well as for the incessant flow of Chinese emigration to the Netherlands East Indies, Malaya, and else- where. It is also the natural distributing centre for imports into China from abroad..

4. The Colony is not primarily a manufacturing centre, the most important of its industries being those connected directly or indirectly with shipping, such as dock and warehouse, banking and insurance undertakings. Sugar refining and cement manufacture are also major industries, and in recent years considerable quantities of knitted goods, electric torches and batteries, and rubber shoes have been produced and exported.

5. The climate of Hong Kong is sub-tropical, the winter being normally cool and dry and the summer hot and humid; the seasons are marked by the prevalence of the S.W. monsoon in summer and the N.E. monsoon in winter. The temperature seldom rises above 95°F. or falls below 40°F. The average rainfall is 85.16 inches, May to September being the wettest months. In spring and summer the humidity of the atmosphere is often very high, at times exceeding 95% with an average over the whole year of 79%. The typhoon season may be said to last from June to October though typhoons occasionally occur before and after this period.

6. The rainfall for 1933 was 62.35 inches. The mean temperature of the air was 72°.5 against an average of 71°.9. The maximum gust velocity of the wind was at the rate of 67 m.p.h. from S.S.W. on June 29th, and again of 67 m.p.h. from N.N.E. on September 20th.

7. During the course of the year Admiral Sir Frederic C. Dreyer, K.C.B., C.B.E., took over the command of the China Station from Admiral Sir W. A. Howard Kelly, K.C.B., C.M.G., M.V.O., and the Chief Justice, Sir Joseph Kemp, Kt., C.B.E.,



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and the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, Mr. E. R. Hallifax, C.M.G., C.B.E., left the Colony on leave prior to retirement. Among the honours conferred by His Majesty the King were : K.B.E. Sir Thomas Southorn, C.M.G., Knight Bachelor: Sir William Shenton.

8. The Colony's transport facilities were improved by the unification of the omnibus services on the Island and Mainland respectively and the establishment of a vehicular ferry service between Victoria and Kowloon.

9. Among factors helping to develop Imperial trade may be mentioned the appointment of Mr. G. C. Pelham as H. M. Trade Commissioner for Hong Kong and Commercial Secretary for South China and the holding of the second British Empire Fair, which was attended by some 200,000 people.

10. No major fluctuation in the dollar occurred during the year. The average was 1s. 41d., the dollar appreciating gradually from 1s. 34d, in January to 1s. 4116. in December.

Chapter II.

GOVERNMENT.

The Government is administered under Letters Patent of 14th February, 1917, and Royal Instructions of the same and subsequent dates, by a Governor aided by an Executive Council, composed of six official and three unofficial members, and by a Legislative Council composed of nine official and eight unofficial members. Prior to 1928 the numbers of the Legislative Council members were seven and six respectively. The six official members of the Executive Council are the Senior Military Offi- cer, the Colonial Secretary, the Attorney General, the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, the Colonial Treasurer, all of whom are members ex-officio, and the Director of Public Works, appointed by the Governor. The three unofficial members, one of whom is Chinese, are appointed by the Governor. The six official members of the Executive Council are also members of the Legislative Council; the other three official members of this Council, who are appointed by the Governor, are the Inspector General of Police, the Harbour Master, and the Director of Medical and Sanitary Services. Of the unofficial members of the Legislative Council two are appointed by the Governor on the nomination respectively of the Justices of the Peace and of the Chamber of Commerce; the Governor also appoints the remaining members three of whom are Chinese. Appointment in the case of unofficial members is for five years for the Executive and four years for the Legislative Council

2. The Sanitary Board composed of four official and six unofficial members has power to make by-laws under the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance in matters appertaining to public health, subject to an overriding power in the Legislative Council.

3. There is a number of advisory boards and committees, such as the Board of Education, Harbour Advisory Committee, Labour Advisory Board, etc., composed of both official and unofficial members. They are frequently consulted and are of much assistance to the Government.

4. The English Common Law forms the basis of the legal system, modified by Hong Kong Ordinances of which an edition revised to 1923 has been published. The law as to civil procedure was codified by Ordinance No. 3 of 1901. The Colonial Courts of Admiralty Act 1890 regulates the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in Admiralty cases.



5. The daily administration is carried out by the twenty- eight Government departments, which are officered exclusively by members of the Civil Service. The most important of the purely administrative departments are the Secretariat, Treasury, Secretariat for Chinese Affairs, Harbour, Post Office, Imports and Exports Office, Police and Prisons departments. There are seven legal departments, amongst these being the Supreme Court and the Magistracies. Two departments, the Medical and Sanitary, deal with public health; one, the Education, with education; and one, the largest of all the Government depart- ments, the Public Works, is concerned with roads, buildings, waterworks, piers and analogous matters.

6. There have been no changes in the system of Govern- ment in the year under review.

Chapter III.

POPULATION AND BIRTHS AND DEATHS.

Variation in population in Hong Kong is more dependent on immigration and emigration than on births.

births and deaths. Movements to and from the Colony are influenced by events in China and owing to the large numbers who come and go daily it is impossible to give more than a very rough estimate of the actual population.

2. The Sanitary Board composed of four official and six unofficial members has power to make by-laws under the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance in matters appertaining to public health, subject to an overriding power in the Legislative Council.

3. There is a number of advisory boards and committees, such as the Board of Education, Harbour Advisory Committee, Labour Advisory Board, etc., composed of both official and unofficial members. They are frequently consulted and are of much assistance to the Government.

4. The English Common Law forms the basis of the legal system, modified by Hong Kong Ordinances of which an edition revised to 1923 has been published. The law as to civil procedure was codified by Ordinance No. 3 of 1901. The Colonial Courts of Admiralty Act 1890 regulates the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in Admiralty cases.



5. The daily administration is carried out by the twenty- eight Government departments, which are officered exclusively by members of the Civil Service. The most important of the purely administrative departments are the Secretariat, Treasury, Secretariat for Chinese Affairs, Harbour, Post Office, Imports and Exports Office, Police and Prisons departments. There are seven legal departments, amongst these being the Supreme Court and the Magistracies. Two departments, the Medical and Sanitary, deal with public health; one, the Education, with education; and one, the largest of all the Government depart- ments, the Public Works, is concerned with roads, buildings, waterworks, piers and analogous matters.

6. There have been no changes in the system of Govern- ment in the year under review.

Chapter III.

POPULATION AND BIRTHS AND DEATHS.

Variation in population in Hong Kong is more dependent on immigration and emigration than on births.

births and deaths. Movements to and from the Colony are influenced by events in China and owing to the large numbers who come and go daily it is impossible to give more than a very rough estimate of the actual population.

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Chapter IV.

PUBLIC HEAL CH.

In the absence of some general system of registration of sickness, the only sources of information available for gauging the state of the public health in this Colony are the returns relating to deaths, the notifications of infectious diseases and the records of Government and Chinese hospitals. Judging from the death returns the health of the Colony was better than that of the previous year. The crude death rate was 22.11 per mille as compared with 24.74 for 1932.

2. Respiratory diseases accounted for 41.93 per cent of the total deaths; the percentage for 1932 was 43.05. The principal diseases causing death were broncho-pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchitis, pneumonia, infantile diarrhoea and diarrhoea.

3. The overcrowded houses, the expectorating habits of the people, and poverty furnish sufficient explanation for the prevalence of respiratory troubles.

4. Pulmonary Tuberculosis.-This disease continues to rank second to broncho-pneumonia as the principal cause of death. It is probable that some of the cases of the latter were of tuberculous origin.

5. The total number of deaths was 2,225; that for 1932 was 2,042. The death rate per mille was 2.71 as compared with 2.54 for the previous year.

6. There is need for more hospital or infirmary accommoda- tion for tuberculosis patients, especially for those of the poorer classes.

7. Malaria.-Owing to efficient drainage methods

methods this disease has disappeared from the greater part of the urban districts. It still persists, however, in the suburbs and in the rural areas. There are parts of the New Territories where the spleen rate exceeds 75 per cent.

8. Malaria not being a notifiable disease the incidence figures are unknown. The cases admitted to the Government Hospitals numbered 482 as compared to 334 in the previous year. The percentage of deaths to cases admitted was 1.66. Among the Chinese Hospitals there were 925 admissions with a case mortality rate of 22.51 per cent.

9. The total number of deaths attributed to this disease was 414, giving a death rate of 0.50 per mille over the whole population. The low death rate is, of course, due to the fact

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that the great bulk of the population residing in the drained. urban area is not subject to risks of infection. If figures for local districts were available it would be found that in some areas the incidence and death rates were very considerable.

T.

10. During the year the Malaria Bureau continued its investigations into the life history, habits and carrying powers of the local anophelines. The result obtained were both interesting and instructive. As in previous years there was no obstruction from the local Chinese; on the contrary they took an interest in the proceedings and showed their eagerness to be of assistance. The Chinese Inspectors have shown ability and zeal.

Bureau co-operated fully with the Military

Authorities and with the Public Works Department.

INFECTIOUS DISEASES.

12. During the year there were reported 566 cases of small- pox, 191 cases of cerebro-spinal fever, 122 cases of diphtheria and 207 cases of enteric. There were no cholera cases.

13. Smallpox.-Every year in the cold season this disease manifests itself in outbreaks which are sometimes sporadic, sometimes epidemic. Whatever the prevalence there is always a tendency for the morbidity rate to decline or disappear with the advent of summer. In the year under review there were 566 cases and 433 deaths. 194 cases only were treated in hospital the remainder did not come under the notice of the authorities until after death.

14. The vaccination campaign was continued and during the year 545,850 persons were vaccinated. Valuable assistance was afforded by the St. John Ambulance Brigade and by the Chinese Public Dispensaries. Both bodies engaged in active propaganda and through their efforts many were persuaded who otherwise would have kept aloof. The various sections of the Brigade again carried out street vaccination with excellent results.

15. The Chinese have a preference for vaccination in the spring as being the auspicious season, and for a month or two after Chinese New Year the Chinese Public Dispensaries are crowded with children waiting to be done.

16. The majority of Chinese still hold the opinion that the herbalist treatment of smallpox gives better results than the methods adopted by practitioners qualified in Western medicine. An analysis of the statistics of (a) the Tung Wah Infectious Diseases Hospital where only herbalist treatment is carried out, and (b) the Government Infectious Diseases Hospital where

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western treatment only is provided shows that this view is not correct. Calculating on the figures for the last 24 years the case death rate at the Tung Wah was 48.25 per cent while that at the Government institution was 15.53 per cent.

17. Plague. For the last four years no cases of plague have been reported in Hong Kong. The disappearance of this disease not only from this Colony but from the greater part of China and its decline throughout the world are due to factors which are not understood.

18. Systematic rat-catching and periodical cleansing of houses were carried out throughout the year. The total number of rats collected was 174.272 of which 17,038 were taken alive, as compared with 174.239 and 12,792 in 1932. The number collected each year shows that there is no diminution in the rat population. All the rats collected were sent to the Public Mortuary for examination. None was found infected.

was

19. Cerebro-spinal Fever.-There

an out-break of cerebro-spinal fever in Hong Kong which was sporadic in character. Altogether 191 cases were reported with 118 deaths. No special foci of infection were discovered and few instances where one could trace the source of infection. The cases were treated in the general hospitals without any instance of spread of infection'.

20. Sera manufactured at the Bacteriological Institute were used therapeutically.

21. Diphtheria.-With regard to diphtheria there is little to be said. The cases were sporadic and the sources of infection were seldom discovered.

22. Enteric.-What has been said of diphtheria applies to enteric. The incubation period being so long and the possible sources of infection so numerous there is little chance of tracing in any case the source of infection:

THE DUMPING OF THE DEAD.

23. The number of bodies reported by the police as dumped was 1,347 as compared with 1,427 in 1932. In an endeavour to stop this practice chambers for the deposit of corpses have been established at all the Chinese Public Dispensaries. In some cases the top of the table is so arranged that the weight of a body on it closes an electric circuit which rings a bell in the caretaker's room. So far the chambers have not been an unqualified success and dumping in the street at dead of night continues to happen.

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Chapter V.

HOUSING.

In recent years some evidence has been shown amongst the artizan class of the Colony of a quickening social consciousness and the resultant desire to avail themselves of improved housing accommodation wherever such is made available. The unskilled labouring classes, however, are still found densely packed in tenement houses deficient in light and air. This class of labour has to find its habitat as close as possible to the scene of its labour, with the result that the Western part of the City of Victoria, which houses the native business quarter and closely adjoins the portion of the harbour handling the traffic from the West River and Chinese Coast Ports, is seriously overcrowded.

2. These conditions are being slowly mitigated by the rebuilding of properties which from time to time are condemned for reasons of structural defects. This process of elimination is however, too slow to create any appreciable improvement. The legislation now being contemplated, which calls for the provision of reasonable yard space, when made operative, will hasten the removal or reconstruction of much of the old property. This, whilst providing improved housing conditions, will no doubt mean increased cost of living to the labouring classes.

3. Hiherto, the hostility of the property-owning class to the introduction of legislation requiring additional open space and per se reducing the earning power of the property has been. the chief obstacle in obtaining improved conditions. It can, however, be recorded that this spirit of obstruction is less evident today as a result of education, and of the example set by some of the better class of realty companies whose blocks of tenement houses compare not unfavourably in essential respects with modern European practice.

4. The housing of the Colony is all privately owned, and control is maintained by the operation of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, the provisions of which also mould the character of the housing. Generally the houses are built back to back in rows, separated by a scavenging lane six feet in width specified by the Ordinance. These houses vary in height from two to four storeys according to the width of the street on to which they front, whilst the average height per storey is twelve feet, a minimum being controlled by the Ordinance. The houses built prior to the 1903 Ordinance covering the greatest part of the native quarter are of depths varying from forty feet to eighty feet, with often less than 100 square feet of open space provided within the curtilage of the lot. After the passing of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance No. 1 of 1903, the amount of open space per house to be allowed within the boundaries of each lot is governed,

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and falls under two main heads, viz:-(a) houses built on land bought prior to the passing of the Ordinance in 1903, where the open space must not be less than one fourth the area of the site and (b) houses built on land bought subsequently where the minimum is raised to one third of the area. On plan the usual frontage of each house is fifteen feet (a dimension owing its origin more to early structural limitations than to economics) and a depth of about thirty-five feet, whilst each storey consists of one large "room" with a native type kitchen in the rear. This room is then subdivided by thin partitions seven feet high into three cubicles each of which may acconi- modate a family. A latrine is built at ground floor level, one to each house irrespective of the number of occupants, and is common to all.

5. Structurally the earlier houses are of blue bricks (of native manufacture having a very low structural value) and timber, (usually China fir which is extremely susceptible to the ravages of white ants). Lately, however reinforced concrete and better quality bricks have been used.

6. In the City of Victoria the major defect of housing is due to lack of town planning, but since a large proportion of the City was erected in the early days of the Colony, when town planning was little practised even in Europe, the conditions to-day are a heritage, the elimination of which involves immense sums of money, and probably considerable opposition if attempted on a large scale.

7. Generally many of the old houses suffer from defects which are attributable to the Ordinance of that time. Passed in 1903 the measure was framed to meet existing conditions, both structurally and hygienically as they were then understood and practised. But, viewed in the light of modern practice and knowledge, many of its provisions are found to be lax and the following are the main resultant defects:

Note:

(a) The open space is insufficient, especially with regard to earlier houses, i.e. those built on land purchased prior to 1903.

(b) Latrine accommodation is insufficient.

(c) Staircases are too narrow and steep, and often

unlighted.

(d) Means of escape in case of fire insufficient.

(b) In the case of new buildings where owners are able to provide by means of a well or otherwise an adequate water supply, flush sanitation is now usually provided on each floor. This is one of the most important steps forward in sanitation that has been achieved.

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(c) and (d) have been provided for by recent amendments of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, which call for any new staircases in tenement houses to be of fire-proof construction, with alternative means of egress from all floors more than twenty three feet above the footpath. The remarks above apply more particularly to the housing of the wage-earning Asiatics. The housing for the wealthier classes is provided for by modern flats three or four storeys high, and in the suburban areas by detached or semi-detached houses usually two storeys high which may be occupied separately or as flats.

8. A new Buildings Ordinance has been drafted, which will eliminate many of the present defects and demand a higher standard generally, whilst the building owners are themselves realising the advantages of modern constructional methods. Town planning improvements are being carried out wherever possible in Hong Kong whilst the development of Kowloon is proceeding according to a definite lay-out.

Chapter VI.

PRODUCTION.

Hong Kong is the port for South China, and the greater part of the large volume of goods that pass through it is in transit between South China and other parts of the world, including North and Middle China. The Colony itself produces comparatively little, though the shipbuilding, cement, sugar refining and cotton knitting industries are not unimportant. Neither agriculture nor mining is carried on to any great extent, though the former is practised throughout the New Territories. Rice and vegetables are grown, and there is considerable poultry farming, but in insufficient quantities to supply the needs of the urban populations of Victoria and Kowloon. The cultivation is in the hands of the Chinese villagers. Sea fishing is an important industry, but here again local supplies have to be augmented by importation from outside.

2. Reports on the principal industries for the year 1933 are given below:-

Refined Sugar.-During the past year the difficulties of the Chinese merchant have been many. The high rate of import duty in China has rendered the burden of financing large purchases almost insuperable, while ready money has been tight. Nervousness as to price levels, a consistently falling market and fluctuation in the relative value of currencies from day to day have added to the merchant's problems. These and other economic factors have contributed to the continued down-

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ward trend of the volume of sugar imported into China. With the practical withdrawal of the anti-Japanese boycott, the importation of refined sugar from Japan was resumed and to re- establish their share of markets the Japanese refineries quoted prices below the economic value of the commodity.

Cement.-As in 1932, the demand for Cement was large throughout the year 1933, the business being to a very great extent in the hands of the Japanese owing to the extremely low prices at which cement manufactured in Japan was offered in this market.

Rope. In spite of keen competition, sales of Hong Kong made rope were maintained.

Preserved Ginger.-Although the demand for Ginger is still adversely affected by world economic conditions, the value of exports from Hong Kong during 1933 was slightly in excess of the previous year's figure ($1,864,869 as compared with $1,757,742 in 1932). Of this amount $841,190 worth was taken by the United Kingdom. $305,114 by Australia, $286,092 by Holland and $168,241 by the United States of America.

Knitted Goods.-South China is normally the largest market for Hong Kong manufactured socks and singlets, but the considerably increased Chinese import tariff has seriously affected this trade. Shipments to the Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States, also to India, South America and British West Indies have been well maintained, but the aggregate output is far below former years. The total value of exports of singlets in 1933 was $3,631,244 and that of hosiery, $908,761.

Flashlight Torches and Batteries.-Exports of locally manufactured flashlight torches and batteries were well main- tained and increased quantities have been sold to other parts of the Empire as a result of Imperial Preference. The torch cases are manufactured from imported brass sheets, also from scrap brass rolled locally into sheeting. Glass lenses are also manufactured from imported glass and some bulbs are also made locally. The value of exports in 1933 amounted to $1,015,969 (torches) and $1,140,928 (batteries).

Rubber Shoes.--As locally manufactured canvas shoes with rubber soles qualify for Imperial Preference, an impetus has been given to shipments to other parts of the British Empire, particularly to the United Kingdom, British Malaya and British West Indies. The rubber used in the manufacture of these shoes is imported from the Straits Settlements. Formerly, most of the canvas used originated from the United States of America, but now a large proportion of British canvas is used. The total value of exports in 1933 amounted to over $1,500,000.

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Lard. The manufacture of lard is an important local industry. Live pigs are imported from South China and Kwongchowan and slaughtered in Government abbatoirs, the preparation and packing of the manufactured lard also being supervised by Government officials. Exports from Hong Kong to the United Kingdom increased considerably, 21,839 piculs having been shipped in 1933. Considerable quantities are also exported to the Philippines and other markets.

Shipbuilding.-Four ocean-going vessels and eighteen smaller craft were built in local dockyards during 1933.

Chapter VII.

COMMERCE.

The full effect. of the depression in world trade, which was first felt in 1929, was not reflected in the statistics of the import and export trade of Hong Kong until 1933, during which period the commerce of the Colony slumped to the lowest figure recorded since the Great War; at the close of the year there was no sign of any early improvement in the situation.

2. Several factors combined to this end, chief of which were a still further decrease in the purchasing power of China, aggravated by increased tariffs, a heavy carry-over of stocks from 1932, particularly of piece goods, failures of several business houses, which resulted in extreme reluctance on the part of importers to extend credit facilities, a slump in the building and allied trades, following a minor building boom in 1931 and 1932, a continuance of the Chinese boycott of Japanese goods, though of less severity, and the uncertainty of exchange.

3. The declared value of imports of merchandise in 1933, totalled $500.9 millions, as compared with $624.0 millions in 1932, a decrease of 19.7%; while exports were valued at $403.1 millions in 1933, as compared with $471.9 millions in 1932, ચૈ decrease of 14.6%.

4. The share of the import trade enjoyed by the United Kingdom fell from 12.3% in 1932 to 10.4% in 1933; U.S.A. from 7.4% to 6.2%; Germany from 4.1% to 3.8%; British Malaya from 1.5% to 1.2%; Netherlands East Indies from 9.9% to 7.8%; Australia from 1.9% to 1.6%; and Belgium from 2.0% to 1.7%; while the share of China increased from 27.2% to 31.0%; Japan from 3.4% to 5.0%; French Indo-China from 8.4% to 8.5%; Siam from 9.3% to 10.0%; and India from 2.8% to 3.7%.

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5. Total imports of Treasure amounted to $38.1 millions in 1933, as compared with $85.3 millions in 1932, and exports to $134.1 millions, as compared with $140.0 millions. The import figures are adversely affected to a large degree by concealed imports of gold and of silver subsidiary coin, which evaded a free export embargo enforced in China. In 1932 total imports of gold amounted to $19.5 millions and exports to $63.7 millions; while in 1933, imports totalled only $6.0 millions and exports $88.9 millions.

6. Imports of Animals (live) totalled $11.4 millions as compared with $12.6 millions in 1932; Building Materials $9.4 millions as compared with $12.9 millions; Chemicals and Drugs $6.7 millions as compared with $6.6 millions; Chinese Medicines $17.9 millions as compared with $19.2 millions; Dyeing Materials $4.4 millions

$4.4 millions as compared with $6.0 millions; Foodstuffs $166.9 millions as compared with $211.8 millions; Fuels $14.0 millions as compared with $14.7 millions; Hard- ware $4.0 millions as compared with $5.2 millions; Liquors $3.8 millions as compared with $3.7 millions; Machinery $5.6 millions as compared with $6.1 millions; Manures $9.9 millions as compared with $11.1 millions; Metals $38.1 millions as compared with $38.5 millions; Minerals & Ores $1.9 millions as compared with $580,000; Nuts & Seeds $5.8 millions as compared with $7.0 millions; Oils & Fats $35.6 millions as compared with $52.2 millions; Paints $2.0 millions as compared with $2.5 millions; Paper & Paperware $9.4 million's as compared with $15.7 millions; Piece Goods $75.1 millions as compared with $107.3 millions: Railway Materials $352,000 as compared with $528,000; Tobacco $6.5 millions as compared with $9.5 millions; Treasure $38.1 millions as compared with $85.3 millions; Vehicles $4.2 millions as compared with $4.6 millions; Wearing Apparel $4.1 millions as compared with $4.4 millions; and Sundries $64.0 millions as compared with $71.5 millions.

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7. Exports of Animals (live) totalled $314,000 as compared with $433,000 in 1932; Building Materials $4.8 millions compared with $8.7 millions; Chemicals & Drugs $3.8 millions as compared with $4.1 millions; Chinese Medicines $12.2 millions as compared with $13.6 millions; Dyeing Materials $3.9 millions as compared with $5.0 millions; Foodstuffs $153.6 millions as compared with $185.2 millions; Fuels $2.1 millions as compared with $2.3 millions; Hardware $2.4 millions as compared with $2.8 millions; Liquors $933,000 as compared with $1.0 million; Machinery $2.0 millions as compared with $1.6 million; Manures $9.3 millions as compared with $11.0 millions; Metals $33.7 millions as compared with $30.2 millions; Minerals & Ores $1.5 million as compared with $871,000; Nuts & Seeds $3.8 millions as compared with $5.6 millions; Oils & Fats $30.4 millions as compared with $37.1 millions; Paints $1.7 million as compared with $2.1 millions; Paper and Paperware $8.0 millions as compared with $10.3 millions; Piece

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Goods $55.5 millions as compared with $66.9 millions; Railway Materials $189,000 as compared with $437,000; Tobacco $5.2 millions as compared with $7.9 millions; Treasure $134.1 millions as compared with $140.0 millions; Vehicles $2.1 millions as compared with $1.5 million; Wearing Apparel $8.5 millions as compared with $12.8 millions; and Sundries $57.2 millions as compared with $60.2 millions.

8. The average rate of exchange for the year was 1s. 41d. as against 1s. 3 d. in 1932.

Imports (in £'s & $'s millions).

1924. 1925. 1930. 1931. 1932. 1933.

1st Quarter

£ 19.3 16.3

* 9.0 11.9

8.5

$165.4

139.7

*

186.9

170.7

132.8

2nd Quarter

£ 17.1

14.5

9.2

8.7

10.2

8.5

$144.0

128.9

131.3

180.1

164.7

126.1

3rd Quarter

£ 19.2

*

10.1

9.0

9.3

8.5

$161.7

*

156.8 182.3

142.4

122.1

4th Quarter

£ 16.5 $136.6

*

10.3

11.8

9.6

8.4

*

167.4

188.4

146.2

119.9

Total £72.1 30.8 29.6

$607.7 268.6 455.5 737.7

38.5

41.0

33.9

624.0

500.9

Exports (in £'s & $'s millions).

1924. 1925. 1930. 1931. 1932.

1933.

1st Quarter

£ 18.3 15.2

*

6.8

8.8

6.8

$156.8 130.3

*

140.1

127.0

105.3

2nd Quarter

£ 15.2 $128.0

14.1 125.3

7.4

6.4

7.1

7.2

105.9

132.5

115.3

106.2

3rd Quarter

£ 14.6

*

7.3

6.5

7.2

6.6

$122.9

*

113.7

130.6

110.0

95.5

4th Quarter

£ 15.5

*

8.5

$128.3

*

137.2

9.2 138.7

7.9

6.8

119.6

96.1

Total £ 63.6 29.3

23.2

28.9 31.0 27.4

$536.0 255.6 356.8 541.9 471.9 403.1

*No statistics available from July 1925 to March 1930.

Note:-Average rate of exchange 1924-2s. 41d.

1925-2s. 3 d. 1930=1s. 3 d.

1931=1s. 03d.

1932-1s. 3 d. 1933 is. 41d.

=

18

TREASURE MOVEMENTS.

Imports.

Exports.

1932.

1933.

1932.

1933.

$

$

$

$

Bank Notes

673,264

6,578,574

1,797,085

5,525,607

Copper cents

6,370

39,513

45,903

43,079

Gold Bars

19,508,290

5,986,917

63,715,586

88,917,365

Gold Coins

80,000

5,787,931

2,777,545

Gold Leaf

83,333

24,864

277,028

244,689

Silver Bars

34,365,025

14,519,263

14,883,018

6,309,042

H.K. Silver Dollars.

2.564,512

2,314,968

40,000

300

Chinese Silver

Dollars

3,256,166

2,846,228

11,709,712

5,250,287

Other Silver Dollars

*

Silver Sub. Coin..... 24,735,443

4,113

5,798,812

138,657

41,618,911

67,691

24,996,979

Total

85,272,403

38,113,252 140,013,831

134,132,584

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS 1932 AND 1933

(excluding treasure).

IMPORTS.

EXPORTS.

1932

1933

1932

1933

United Kingdom

British Dominions and

Possessions

China

All other countries

76,905,373 52,172,111

3,462,248

4,533,607

56.752,665 46,139.119 42,607.973 36.613.724 169,993,076 155,186,671 | 279,818.847| 227,005.202 320,396,186 247,440,893 145,970,638 | 134,939,637

Total British Empire

Total Foreign

Grand Total

133,658,038 98,311,230 46,070,221 41,147,331

490,389,562 402,627,564 | 425,789,485 361,944,839

624,047,600 500,938,794 471.859,706 403,092,170

* Not fully recorded.

19

WHOLESALE PRICE CHANGES.

As measured at the Statistical Office of the Imports and Exports Department, wholesale prices in Hong Kong during the year 1933, showed decreases of 15.4% as compared with 1932, 24.2% as compared with 1931, 3.1% as compared with 1924, and increases of 3.5% as compared with the base period of 1922, and 61.7% as compared with 1913.

There were decreases in each of the four groups of com- modities in 1933, as compared with 1932: Foodstuffs declining by 10.4%,

10.4%, Textiles by 22.5%, Metals by 15.8%, and Miscellaneous Items by 12.8%.

The following table shows the course of available wholesale price changes since 1913:-

Foodstuffs

Textiles

Metals

Miscellaneous

1913. 1922. 1924. 1931. 1932. 1933.

.73.6 100.0 106.1 144.3 126.5 113.4

.55.1 100.0 112.5 135.8 125.2 97.0

.63.2 100.0 102.3 140.9 128.1 107.8

.64.0 100.0 106.3 125.4 109.7 95.7

Average of all

Articles

.64.0 100.0 106.8 136.6 122.4 103.5

Chapter VIII.

WAGES AND THE COST OF LIVING.

A great proportion of the workers in Hong Kong are paid on a piece work basis and in some trades are engaged and paid on curiously complicated systerns involving payment of a bonus or a share in the yearly profits.

2. Local trade was dull during the year. This may be attributed to the world depression and to the high tariffs imposed by the Chinese Government. Towards the end of the year, however, a marked improvement was shown in some industries, e.g. rubber shoes, dry batteries for electric torches, leather goods, mosquito sticks, etc., and a new tannery was opened. The close of the year showed a definite slackening off in the building boom which had continued unabated throughout the year 1932. A certain number of people, being unable to find employment in the Colony, have returned to their native districts in China, and the supply of tenement houses may now be said to exceed the demand. There has consequently been a general decline in the rents of tenement houses, flats, offices and shops occupied by Chinese. In the case of premises occupied by Europeans, the decline in rentals is hardly apparent vet. There has been no noticeable change in the average rates of wages for labour, but the prices of all Chinese foodstuffs, except fresh fish, and of fire-wood show a slight decline.

20

3. The European resident, unlike the local labourer, purchases many articles which have to be imported from countries with sterling or gold currencies. He is therefore affected by variations in the exchange value of these currencies as expressed in terms of the silver dollar. The collapse of the American dollar caused a considerable cheapening in the prices of articles imported from the U.S.A., but although the silver dollar showed a gradual improvement in its exchange value vis-à-vis sterling throughout the year, no noticeable effect was apparent in the local prices of articles imported from England. It is a commonplace that the adjustment of local prices always lags behind a rise in the sterling value of the silver dollar.

AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES FOR LABOUR.

Building Trade :--

Carpenters

Bricklayers

$1.15 per day.

1.10 "J

Painters

Plasterers

Scaffolders

Labourers (male)

(female)

1.10

"}

1.10

1.70

""

0.80

"

0.50

21

""

Working hours, nine per day. Time and a half paid for overtime. Free temporary quarters provided on the building site and communal messing at cheap rates.

Shipbuilding and Engineering:--

Electricians

Coppersmiths

$1.45 to $1.80 per day.

1.20 to 1.80 ''

37

Fitters

0.80 to

1.80

""

Sawmillers

1.00 to

1.40

27

"J

Boilermakers

1.00 to

1.50

??

Sailmakers

1.00 to

.1.50

22

Blacksmiths

0.80 to 1.20

""

Turners

1.00 to

1.40

12

""

Patternmakers

1.00 to

1.40

""

""

Labourers

0.50 to

0.80

,,

""

Over-time-time and a half. Night work-double time.

:

21

Transport Workers:-

Tram drivers

conductors

Bus drivers

conductors

$36 to $45 per month.

30 to 39 50 per month.

J

݂ܕ

20 to

25 per month.

Working hours, nine per day. Free uniform. Bonus at end

of year.

Railway Workers (Government):·

Engine drivers

Firemen

Guards

Signalmen

Station Masters

Booking Clerks

Telephone operators

Female Workers in Factories:

$540 to $1,000 per annum.

330 to

480

600 to

1,000

11

600 to

1,000

22

37

1,100 to

1,800

""

">

600 to

1,000

">

480 to

1,000

رو

,,

Cigarette making

Knitting factories

Perfumery

Confectionery

$0.40 to $0.80 per day.

0.20 to 0.55 22

0.20 to

0.50

17

""

0.20 to

0.60

""

Working hours from 7 a.m. to 5 p.m.

One hour off at mid-

day. Over-time from 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. at day rates.

Domestic Servants:

Employed by Chinese

Employed by Europeans Gardeners

$7.00 to $20.00 per month.

15.00 to 40.00

15.00 to 30.00

With free lodging, and with Chinese employers, generally free board.

NOTE -The rates of pay of Government employees approximate closely

to those of a similar category in private employ.

AVERAGE RETAIL PRICES OF FOODSTUFFS, ETC.

1933.

1932.

Rice (3rd. grade)

8.4 cents per catty

7.6 cents per catty

Fresh fish

.31.4

23

11

"

31.8

"2

J

Salt fish

34.6

27.8

>>

22

22

"

Beef

48

44.4

""

""

22

Pork

55

51.4

ور

""

Oil

..24.2

21.4

""

""

""

25

"2

وو

Firewood

.10

for 8 catties

10

for 9 catties

""

>

Chapter IX.

EDUCATION AND WELFARE INSTITUTIONS.

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.

These are either schools where the medium of instruction is English or mostly English or schools where the medium of instruction is Chinese. The former, seventeen in number, are known as "English" schools, the latter of which there are three as "Vernacular" schools.

2. Of the four English schools, classed as "secondary" schools in the Table below, two are Anglo-Chinese schools for boys and one for girls. These three schools have primary departments. The fourth school, the Central British School which is a mixed school, has no primary department. Of the eleven English schools, classed as "primary" schools in the Table below, three are mixed schools preparing for the Central British School. In this group are also four "District" schools, including one for Indian boys and four "Lower Grade" schools, three of which are in rural districts. In those English schools which are attended by Chinese the study of English and of Chinese is carried on side by side, the pari passu system requiring that promotion shall depend on proficiency in both languages.

3. Of the two Government Schools classed as "Vocational" one is the Junior Technical School which was opened in February, the other is the Technical Institute which is attended by persons desirous of receiving instruction for the most part germane to their day time occupations.

4. Of the three Government Vernacular schools one has a seven years' course and includes a Normal department. There is also a Normal school for women teachers and a Normal school on the mainland which aims at providing Vernacular teachers for rural schools.

GRANT-IN-AID AND SUBSIDIZED SCHOOLS.

5. There are thirteen Grant-in-Aid English Schools, and four Grant-in-Aid Vernacular Schools. Of the former, seven are schools for boys and six are for girls.

6. One English school for girls has a primary department only. The remaining schools classed in the table below as "secondary" schools have primary departments as well as the upper classes.

¡

23

7. Munsang College, Kowloon City, received a grant of $6,000.

8. The Vernacular Grant-in-Aid Schools are schools for girls and are classed in the Table as 'secondary" schools.

9. The 303 subsidized schools are all Vernacular schools.

UNAIDED SCHOOLS.

10. In 1932 there were 613 unaided Vernacular schools with 33,077 children and 124 unaided English schools with 6,528 children.

1933.

Table showing number of schools and scholars for the year

CLASS OF INSTITUTIONS

ENGLISH :-

GRANT-IN-AID

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS

AND SUBSIDIZED

UNAIDED SCHOOLS

SCHOOLS

No. of Institu- tions

No. of

No. of

On Roll

On

On

Institu-

Institu-

Roll

Roll

tions

tions

Secondary,

+

Primary,......--

11

| 2,380 1,796

13* 6,272

10

1,864

1

212

114

4,664

Vocational,

849.

Total,..

17

5,025

14 6,481

124

6,528

VERNACULAR :--

Secondary,

1

253

Primary..

Vocational,

2

214

4 1,023 303 20,136

1

613

33,077

177

Total,..

467

308 21,336

613

33,077

Total No. of Institutions

1,079

Total On Roll

...72,917.

*This includes Ying Wa College whose primary department receives

a Grant-in-Aid.

26

Chapter X.

COMMUNICATION AND TRANSPORT.

The external communications of Hong Kong are excellent both by sea and by telegraph, cable and radio. As regards the former, the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Co., the Nippon Yusen Kaisha, the Blue Funnel Line, the Messageries Maritimes, and several other British and foreign companies maintain regular passenger and freight services between Hong Kong and Europe. The trans-Pacific communications are well served by the Canadian Pacific Steamships Ltd., the Dollar Line, the Nippon Yusen Kaisha, and other steamship lines. To Australia three steamship companies, the Eastern and Australian, Nippon Yusen Kaisha, and Australian and Oriental maintain regular passenger and freight services. In addition there are direct sailings to Africa, South America, and to New York. There is frequent and regular communication between Hong Kong and other Far Eastern ports in India, Java, Straits Settlements, Formosa, Indo-China, Japan and the China coast. Local steamship communication is by river steamer from Hong Kong to Canton and the West River ports with several sailings daily. In addition there is a vast traffic between Hong Kong and the adjacent provinces of China by junk and sampan.

2. The total shipping entering and clearing Ports in the Colony during the year 1933 amounted to 108,622 vessels of 43,043,381 tons which, compared with the figures for 1932 shows an increase of 4,507 vessels and a decrease of 781,525 tons. Of the above 51,492 vessels of 40,862,583 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade as compared with 52,359 vessels of 41,794,005 tons in 1932. There was a decrease in British Ocean-going shipping of 199 vessels and a decrease of 187,458 tons. Foreign Ocean-going vessels shew an increase of 166 vessels and an increase of 287,262 tons. British River Steamers showed a decrease of 260 vessels and a decrease of 677,298 tons. Foreign River Steamers showed a decrease of 782 vessels and a decrease of 305,409 tons. In steamships not exceeding 60 tons employed in Foreign Trade there was an increase of 678 vessels with an increase in tonnage of 5,879 tons. Junks in Foreign trade showed a decrease of 470 vessels and a decrease of 54,398 tons. In Local Trade (i.e. between places within the waters of the Colony) there was a decrease in steam launches of 366 vessels with an increase in tonnage of 4,109 tons. Junks in Local Trade show a decrease of 5,740 vessels and a decrease of 145,788 tons.

3. The Eastern Extension Australasia and China Telegraph Company (British) by means of three cables to Singapore, one direct and one each via Labuan and Cape St. James respectively, provides good connections with Europe

Europe via India, with Australasia, and with the other British Colonies and Possessions.

27

By their cable to Manila connection is made with the direct American cable, thence to San Francisco. Two cables to Shanghai, belonging respectively to the Eastern Extension and to the Great Northern (Danish) Companies, via Foochow and Amoy respectively, give a good connection with Shanghai, North China, Japan and Russia; the system of the Great Northern Telegraph Company gives a good service to Europe via Asiatic Russia.

4. The Government operates a commercial radio service with direct communication with Chinese stations, Siam, Indo- China, Formosa and the Dutch East Indies. Indirect com- munication between Hong Kong and America is maintained via Manila and between Hong Kong and Europe via Manila or Dutch East Indies.

5. The revenue collected by the Radio Office during the year from radio telegrams amounted to $643,217.94, a decreasc of $36,814.64 or the amount collected in 1932. Advices of vessels signalled at the Lighthouses yielded $1,473.60. The total Revenue from the telegraph service amounted to $644,691.54. Ship Station Licences yielded $1,801.00, Amateur Transmission Station Licences $304.75, Broadcast Receiving Licences $29,048.00, Dealers' Licences $2,355.00 and Examina- tion Fee for Operators' Certificates of Proficiency $71.00.

6. The number of paid radio-telegrams forwarded during the year was 191,586 consisting of 1,518,215 words against 194,782 consisting of 1,607,233 words in 1932 and 207,339 were received, consisting of 1,757,629 words against 179,382 consisting of 1,653,046 words.

7. In addition to the paid traffic figures given above the wireless Service is responsible for the reception of time signals daily from Bordeaux, Rugby, Malabar and Nauen, for the transmission of time signals to ships in the China Sea, the reception of press messages amounting to 340 messages or 204,868 words from Rugby, the collection and distribution of meteorological traffic, 5,676 messages 218,153 words having been forwarded, and 16,907 messages 324,153 words having been received, the reception and dissemination of distress, piracy and navigation messages, the transmission and reception of Govern- ment messages, etc.

8. A telephone service between Hong Kong and Canton, a distance of 110 miles is in operation.

9. Mails. The number of nail receptacles of Hong Kong origin despatched during the year was 46,650 as compared with 47,615 in 1932-a decrease of 965, the number received was 49,449 as compared with 51,324-a decrease of 1,875.

in water bound macadam dressed with asphalt, 12 miles in sheet asphalt on a cement concrete foundation, 13 miles of tar macadam, 17 miles of concrete, 3 miles of granite setts and wooden blocks on a cement concrete foundation and 39 miles of gravel.

20. The public travelling over the Colony's roads increases. yearly with a corresponding growth in the number of motor buses, of which there are 59 operating on the island of Hong Kong, and 115 on the mainland. These are gradually replacing the rickshas, the number of which decreases year by year.

21. The Hong Kong Tramway Company has a fleet of nearly 90 double deck tram cars running along the sea front of Victoria from Kennedy Town to Shaukiwan.

22. Communication between the island and the mainland is maintained by a number of ferry services; the most important of which are the Star Ferry between Kowloon Point and a pier near the General Post Office, and the combined vehicular and passenger service of the Hong Kong and Yaumati Ferry Company between Jordan Road, Kowloon and Jubilee Street, Victoria.

Chapter XI.

BANKING, CURRENCY, WEIGHTS & MEASURES.

There

The Colony is well served by banking institutions. are sixteen principal banks doing business in the Colony which are members of the Clearing House, and in addition several Chinese banks and numerous native Hongs doing some portion of banking business. There are no banks which devote them- selves specially to agricultural and co-operative banking. The Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation also conducts the business of the Hong Kong Savings Bank on usual savings bank principles.

2. The Currency of the Colony is based on silver and is governed by the Order in Council of 2nd February, 1895. The dollar, which is normally in circulation and which is legal tender to any amount, is the British Dollar of 900 millesimal fineness and weight 26.957 grammes (416.00 grains). Silver subsidiary coins of the value of 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents and one cent pieces in bronze are also legal tender up to the value of two dollars for silver and one dollar for bronze. Bank notes issued by The Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank, The Chartered Bank and The Mercantile Bank are also in circulation, the estimated amount issued at the end of 1933 being $157,583,718.

30

These Bank notes are redeemable in legal tender dollars at the Banks' Offices in Hong Kong, and include fiduciary issues amounting to $12,000,000, the balance being covered in various proportions for the respective banks by silver coin of approved denominations, by bullion, and by securities.

3. The weights and measures in use in the Colony_are defined in the Schedule to Ordinance No. 2 of 1885. They consist of the standards in use in the United Kingdom and of the following Chinese Weights and Measures:

and

1 fan (candareen)=0.0133 ounces avoirdupois.

1 tsin (mace)=0.133 ounces avoirdupois.

1 leung (tael)=1.33 ounces avoirdupois.

1 kan (catty)=1.33 pounds avoirdupois.

1 tam (picul)=133.33 pounds avoirdupois

1 check (foot) = 14ğ English inches divided into 10 tsün (inches) and each tsun into 10 fan or tenths.

Chapter XII.

PUBLIC WORKS.

During the year under review the operations of the Public Works Department were carried out under a Head Office Staff by eleven sub-departments. The European Staff comprised 160 officers and the Asiatic Staff 612.

2. Buildings. The following works were completed during the year-Crematorium at Kai Lung Wan Cemetery; extension of the offices of the Public Works Department; additions to Kowloon Hospital comprising a new Ward Block and a House for a second European Medical Officer; Venereal Diseases Clinic at Kowloon; new Cattle Lairage at Ma Tau Kok Cattle Depot; Wireless Broadcasting Station at Kowloon; the Lady Ho Tung Infant Welfare Centre at Fanling; extension to the Store at the Central Police Station; provision of tanks for the storage of fish at the Central Market; Quarters for Gardeners at the Government Pavilions; Latrine and Bath House at Hennessy Road; Drill Hall at Kowloon Junior School; alterations at Kowloon Fire Station to provide quarters for Sub-Officers; Quarters and Store for the Botanical and Forestry Department; additions to Tai O Police Station; alteration and additions at the Remand Home for Juvenile Offenders; additions at Tsun Wan Police Station; adaptation of the Sailors' Home and Seamen's Institute for Offices; two Garages at Tai Po and the erection of a Fountain, Shelter and Lavatory in the Botanical Gardens.

30

These Bank notes are redeemable in legal tender dollars at the Banks' Offices in Hong Kong, and include fiduciary issues amounting to $12,000,000, the balance being covered in various proportions for the respective banks by silver coin of approved denominations, by bullion, and by securities.

3. The weights and measures in use in the Colony_are defined in the Schedule to Ordinance No. 2 of 1885. They consist of the standards in use in the United Kingdom and of the following Chinese Weights and Measures:

and

1 fan (candareen)=0.0133 ounces avoirdupois.

1 tsin (mace)=0.133 ounces avoirdupois.

1 leung (tael)=1.33 ounces avoirdupois.

1 kan (catty)=1.33 pounds avoirdupois.

1 tam (picul)=133.33 pounds avoirdupois

1 check (foot) = 14ğ English inches divided into 10 tsün (inches) and each tsun into 10 fan or tenths.

Chapter XII.

PUBLIC WORKS.

During the year under review the operations of the Public Works Department were carried out under a Head Office Staff by eleven sub-departments. The European Staff comprised 160 officers and the Asiatic Staff 612.

2. Buildings. The following works were completed during the year-Crematorium at Kai Lung Wan Cemetery; extension of the offices of the Public Works Department; additions to Kowloon Hospital comprising a new Ward Block and a House for a second European Medical Officer; Venereal Diseases Clinic at Kowloon; new Cattle Lairage at Ma Tau Kok Cattle Depot; Wireless Broadcasting Station at Kowloon; the Lady Ho Tung Infant Welfare Centre at Fanling; extension to the Store at the Central Police Station; provision of tanks for the storage of fish at the Central Market; Quarters for Gardeners at the Government Pavilions; Latrine and Bath House at Hennessy Road; Drill Hall at Kowloon Junior School; alterations at Kowloon Fire Station to provide quarters for Sub-Officers; Quarters and Store for the Botanical and Forestry Department; additions to Tai O Police Station; alteration and additions at the Remand Home for Juvenile Offenders; additions at Tsun Wan Police Station; adaptation of the Sailors' Home and Seamen's Institute for Offices; two Garages at Tai Po and the erection of a Fountain, Shelter and Lavatory in the Botanical Gardens.

.

}

."

31

In addition the following works were under construction during the year: -Site formation for the New Government Civil Hospital at Pokfulam; new Residence for the Director, Royal Observatory: Government Bungalow at Fanling; Block of Quarters for Nurses at Kowloon Hospital; site preparation for the New Gaol at Stanley; Sextons Quarters at Chai Wan Cemetery; additional Wing containing Laboratory and Class Rooms at the Junior Technical School; Dormitory Block at Lai Chi Kok Goal.

In addition to general maintenance, numerous minor alterations and improvements to Government Buildings were also executed during the year.

3. Communications.-The following

following works were com pleted: The Concourse Area at Jubilee Street Vehicular Ferry Fier was surfaced; completed portions of Jaffe & Thomson Roads were kerbed, channelled and surfaced; a new area for burial purposes was formed in the Colonial Cemetery; a further section of Connaught Road West from Eastern Street to Ping On Wharf was strengthened, sandcarpeting and surfacing on a 6" cement concrete foundation being laid; Kennedy Road-a further section of this road adjoining the Magazine was widened. to 30 feet; a retaining wall adjoining I.L. 59 section A, Caine Road, was taken down and rebuilt to the new road alignment; dangerous bends on Tai Hang Road were improved; Stubbs Road was regraded between the Peak Hotel and Jardine's Corner; a portion of Prince Edward Road between the Railway Bridge and Leven Road surfaced with 7′′ reinforced concrete; Chatham Road between Middle Road and Austin Road laid with bottoming and surfacing; the Concourse Area at Jordan Road Vehicular Ferry Pier laid with bottoming and surfacing; Taipo Road diverted at its junction with Castle Peak Road and laid with bottoming and surfacing; Children's Playground complete with shelter, lavatories and equipment erected at Kowloon Tong; area for Children's Playground formed at Tong Mi Road; area for Children's Playground formed at Shantung Street; the bend on Castle Peak Road opposite the Warders' Quarters widened and improved; the bend at top of Laichikok Hill on Castle Feak Road widened and improved. The strengthening and improvement of road surfaces in the New Territories was continued between 20th and 21st milestones- Castle Peak; between 30th and 35th milestones-Mei Po- Fanling; between Kwanti Race Course and 2nd milestone, Sha Tau Kok Road and at Tsun Wan Hill; also between Tai Wai Level Crossing (8 mile-stone) and 121 mile-stone, Taipo Road. The hilly portions of the Lin Ma Hang-Sha Tau Kok Patrol Path was surfaced.

The following works were under construction:-The 1st section of new 75′ road between Causeway Bay and Ming Yuen Gardens; a new road to Bathing Beaches (S.E. of Repulse Bay); widening of Robinson Road between Peak Road and Glenealy

32

(including bridge); Wong Nei Cheong Old Road Improvement, (i.e. Blue Pool Road); Path 10-ft. wide from Shek O Gap to Cape D'Aguilar Wireless Station; New Road from Island Road to Stanley; Upper Peak Tram Station Parking Ground; Road to Wong Ma Kok to serve Prison Site.

Tarpainting was carried out on the following roads:-10th- 16th Mile-stone, Castle Peak Road; 26th-27th mile-stone, Au Tau; whilst the bend on the Taipo Road near the 5 mile-stone was effected. The main street at Un Long was surfaced, kerbed and channelled in front of new houses and an invert was laid to the existing nullah.

4. Drainage.-New sewers and storm water drains were constructed in Hong Kong to a length of 16,058 feet, and parapet walling to open nullahs to a length of 378 feet. An additional septic tank was constructed at Repulse Bay. Anti- malarial campaign work was continued at Mount Parker, Stanley, Sookunpoo and Lyeemun and a commencement made at Kowloon Tong. Streams were trained to a total length of 27,812 feet and 1,862 feet as walled nullahs. In Kowloon new sewers and storm water drains were constructed to a length of 13,081 feet and an open nullah was decked over for a length of 333 feet. In New Kowloon the length of new sewers and storm water drains constructed was 14,761 feet. In Kowloon and New Kowloon nullah walling was built to a length of 2,301 feet and parapet walling constructed to a length of 2,742 feet. Various minor works were carried out in the New Territories.

5. Water Works.-In Hong Kong the following lengths of new mains were laid to improve the distribution system: 1,042 feet of 10", 1,416 feet of 8", 1,529 feet of 6′′ and 1,573 feet of smaller sizes. 5,050 feet of subsidiary mains from 3"-3" were laid in back lanes. 550 feet of 24" steel main were diverted round the new Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank Site.

4

A covered service reservoir of 208,000 gallons capacity was constructed on Jardine's Lookout at an elevation of 778 feet A.O.D. to supply, high level development.

In Kowloon and New Kowloon the following lengths of new mains were laid to improve distribution:-1,290 feet of 18", 10,541 feet of 12", 1,005 feet of 8", 4,182 feet of 6′′ and 855 feet of smaller sizes. 13,636 feet of subsidiary mains were laid in back lanes.

The new five million gallons service reservoir at Yaumati Hill was nearly completed.

At Taipo 1,916 feet of 6" main were laid and 420 feet of smaller sizes.

33

A new water supply was provided for Tsun Wan consisting of an intake, strainer and storage tank of 5,000 gallons, 10,468 feet of 4′′ piping and 970 feet of 2′′ piping.

The Fanling supply was improved by laying 1,095 feet of 5′′ piping and 737 feet of 4" piping. A steel storage tank of 30,000 gallons capacity was also erected.

A water supply for Yuen Long district was investigated.

The Public Gardens Service Reservoir was completed thus concluding the first section of the Shing Mun Valley Water Scheme.

The 2nd. section of the Aberdeen East Catchwater and the Outfall Nullah at Aberdeen were completed. The 2nd. section of the Aberdeen West Catchwater was nearly completed. The removal of silt from the Lower Reservoir was continued and the Access Road to the Lower Dam was surfaced.

The 1st. section of the Pottinger Peak Catchwater was completed, whilst the Tytam Tuk East Catchwater and the first section of the Dragon's Back Catchwater were nearly completed.

6. Reclamations.-At Tsat Tze Mui, a further four acres were reclaimed making a total of approximately fourteen acres. A reclamation of about ten acres was commenced at Kennedy Town. Work on the reclamation at Cheung Sha Wan was stopped. An area of about eight acres has been filled in at Ma Tau Kok.

7. Electrical Works.-The existing installation were main- tained in good order. Telephones, lights, fans, bells, lifts, ferry pier hoists, traffic lights, etc.

Underground cables were laid between G.P.O.--Happy Valley and G.P.O.-Peak W/T. Station.

Improved traffic control lights were installed at junction of Queen's Road-Pokfulam Road; Bonham Road-Pokfulam Road and Connaught Road Central.

Twenty police recall signals were installed in various police stations.

Kowloon-Canton Railway, Taipo, Taipo-Market and Fanling Station were wired for electric lights. Also the Railway work- shop at Hung Hom, and an underground cable for power and light installed.

Thirty telephones were installed in various places. Repairs to the submarine cable to Stonecutters were carried out.

F

35

On the Praya East Reclamation, 147 Chinese houses were erected, making up to date a total of 973. The new Sailors' Home and Seamen's Institute and a large Chinese hotel were both completed during the year under review.

The Royal Naval Canteen is still in course of construction.

The number of water flushed sanitary appliances approved during the year amounted to 3,622.

9. Fifteen fires occurred causing structural damage which necessitated action by the Public Works Department. Loss of life was occasioned in two instances where the buildings were of the old type of construction with wooden floors and stair- cases. It is pertinent to note that in no case where fires have occurred

in

the modern tenement houses constructed of reinforced concrete floors, roofs, and staircases, have casualties occured nor has the fire even attained serious proportions nor extended beyond the floor upon which it originated.

10. Reclamations were in progress on the following lots in Hong Kong. I.L. 2918, I.L. 3538, I.L. 3539, I.L. 3540. A total area of about 207,000 square feet is embraced in the above works.

Reclamation works at Kowloon include K.M.L. 52 and K.M.L. 102. The total area involved being about 200,000 square feet.

Chapter XIII.

JUSTICE AND POLICE.

I. THE COURTS OF HONG KONG.

The Supreme Court of Hong Kong consists of a Chief Justice and one or more other judges. At present there is one other judge.

2. The jurisdiction of the Court is regulated by a number of Ordinances but generally it may be said that the Court exercises a Summary Jurisdiction in all actions where the claim does not exceed $1,000 and an Original Jurisdiction in all actions where the claim exceeds that amount.

3. In addition to the above the Court exercises Admiralty, Probate, Divorce, Bankruptcy, Lunacy, Criminal and Appellate Jurisdiction.

4. The following is а brief summary of litigation and matters dealt with during the year 1933:-

2,787 actions were instituted in the Summary Jurisdiction and the amounts for which judgment was given totalled $501,580.51.

36

523 actions were instituted in the Original Jurisdiction and amounts for which judgment was given totalled $2,313,529.39.

the

4 actions were instituted in the Admiralty Jurisdiction.

470 grants were made in the Probate Jurisdiction.

146 persons were indicted in the Criminal Jurisdiction of whom 94 were convicted.

11 appeals were lodged in the Appellate Jurisdiction 10 of which were disposed of during the year.

5. The lower civil courts are the land courts in the Northern and Southern districts of the New Territories, with jurisdiction. over all land cases in those districts, and the small debts courts of the same two districts. In these courts the District Officers sit to hear land and small debts cases.

6. The lower criminal courts are the magistrates' courts, two for Hong Kong island and a small area on the mainland opposite Shaukiwan, one for Kowloon, including the whole area south of the Kowloon hills, and one each for the two districts of the New Territories, in which the District Officers are the magistrates.

7. The following figures show the amount of work done by the lower courts in 1933:-

Civil:-

District Officer North,

Land Court

Small Debts Court

District Officer South,

Land Court

Small Debts Court

Criminal: +---

Hong Kong Magistracy, two courts Kowloon Magistracy, one court District Officer, North, one court District Officer, South, one court

II. THE POLICE.

67 cases.

239

72

176 cases.

59

""

26,159 cases. 19,925 1,281

,,

276

+9

8. The Police Force of the Colony is under the control of the Inspector General of Police who is assisted by one Deputy Inspector General and

General and twelve Superintendents. The force

37

J

consists of four Contingents, European, Indian, and two Chinese, viz. Cantonese and Weihaiwei. The strength of the different Contingents is as follows:-

Europeans

Indians

Chinese (Cantonese)

Chinese (Weihaiwei)

249

726

632

283

In addition the Police Department controls the Anti- Piracy Guards, a force consisting of thirty-three Russians and twenty-eight Indian Guards, together with four European Sergeants, eight Indian Sergeants and ninety-five Weihaiwei Chinese Constables, who are included in the Police strength. The Anti-Piracy Guards are employed and paid for by. Shipping Companies for service in the China Seas.

9. Further, the department engages and supervises 1,129 Indian and Chinese watchmen who are paid by private individuals for protection of private property.

10. The waters of the Colony are policed by a fleet of ten steam launches and three motor boats which employ a staff of two hundred and forty-four Chinese under European officers.

11. There were 5,630 serious cases of crime in 1933 as against 5,707 in 1932, a decrease of 77 or 1.3%. There was a decrease of 75 cases in burglaries, 29 in house breaking, 111 in larcenies from dwellings, 28 in larcenies, 16 in murders and 4 in robberies. There were 25,659 minor cases during 1933 as against 15,364 in 1932, an increase of 10,295 or 67%. The main increases were in Hawking offences, offences against the Opium Ordinance, Vehicles and Traffic Regulation Ordinance and Women and Girls Protection Ordinance.

III. PRISONS.

12. There are three prisons in the Colony. Victoria Gaol in Hong Kong is the main prison for males. This prison is built on the separate system, but segregation is difficult owing to lack of space and accommodation. It contains cell accom- modation for 644 only and prisoners are often kept in association through unavoidable overcrowding. There is a branch male prison at Lai Chi Kok near Kowloon, with accomodation for 480 prisoners. In this establishment all the prisoners sleep in association wards and only selected prioners are sent there as the prison was not originally built as such. It was converted from a Quarantine Station in 1920, for temporary use pending the building of a new prison. The third prison is the prison for females situated near the male prison at Lai Chi Kok. A new general prison has been approved and site preparations commenced.

38

13. The total number of persons committed to prison in the year 1933 was 11,439 as compared with 7,793 in 1932. The daily average number of prisoners in the prisons in 1933 was 1,472. The highest previous average was 1,189 in 1927. Over 90% of prisoners admitted are persons born outside the Colony.

14. The health of the prisoners generally was well main- tained in the prisons.

15. The discipline in all three prisons was good.

16. Prisoners are employed at printing, bookbinding, tinsmithing, matmaking, tailoring, carpentering, weaving, gardening, laundry work, cleaning and minor repairs to buildings. The bulk of the Government printing and bookbinding is done in Victoria Gaol.

17. A small separate ward is reserved in Victoria Gaol for Juveniles who are kept as far as possible apart from other prisoners. The daily average number of Juveniles in 1933 was 4.1. A school-master attends daily to instruct them. In 1929 the daily average was high and a separate hall was set aside at Lai Chi Kok for Juveniles, but the number is now so small that it has been found more expedient to deal with them in Victoria Gaol.

18. Police Magistrates may, under the provisions of the Magistrates Ordinance No. 41 of 1932, give time for the payment of fines.

19. Lady visitors attend the Female Prison twice weekly to instruct the prisoners in hand-work and to impart elementary education.

20. Visiting Justices inspect and report on the prisons every fortnight.

Chapter XIV.

LEGISLATION.

Thirty Ordinances were passed during the year 1933. These and also the Regulations, Rules, By-laws and other subsidiary legislative enactments are published in a separate volume by the Government Printers. The thirty Ordinances comprised two appropriation, one replacement, one incorpora- tion, four consolidation, twenty amendment, and two Ordinances which were new to the Colony.

2. The Appropriation Ordinance (No. 19) applied a sum not exceeding $27,029,285 to the public service for the year 1934, and Ordinance No. 11 appropriated a supplementary sum of $517,015.30 to defray the charges of the year 1932.

38

13. The total number of persons committed to prison in the year 1933 was 11,439 as compared with 7,793 in 1932. The daily average number of prisoners in the prisons in 1933 was 1,472. The highest previous average was 1,189 in 1927. Over 90% of prisoners admitted are persons born outside the Colony.

14. The health of the prisoners generally was well main- tained in the prisons.

15. The discipline in all three prisons was good.

16. Prisoners are employed at printing, bookbinding, tinsmithing, matmaking, tailoring, carpentering, weaving, gardening, laundry work, cleaning and minor repairs to buildings. The bulk of the Government printing and bookbinding is done in Victoria Gaol.

17. A small separate ward is reserved in Victoria Gaol for Juveniles who are kept as far as possible apart from other prisoners. The daily average number of Juveniles in 1933 was 4.1. A school-master attends daily to instruct them. In 1929 the daily average was high and a separate hall was set aside at Lai Chi Kok for Juveniles, but the number is now so small that it has been found more expedient to deal with them in Victoria Gaol.

18. Police Magistrates may, under the provisions of the Magistrates Ordinance No. 41 of 1932, give time for the payment of fines.

19. Lady visitors attend the Female Prison twice weekly to instruct the prisoners in hand-work and to impart elementary education.

20. Visiting Justices inspect and report on the prisons every fortnight.

Chapter XIV.

LEGISLATION.

Thirty Ordinances were passed during the year 1933. These and also the Regulations, Rules, By-laws and other subsidiary legislative enactments are published in a separate volume by the Government Printers. The thirty Ordinances comprised two appropriation, one replacement, one incorpora- tion, four consolidation, twenty amendment, and two Ordinances which were new to the Colony.

2. The Appropriation Ordinance (No. 19) applied a sum not exceeding $27,029,285 to the public service for the year 1934, and Ordinance No. 11 appropriated a supplementary sum of $517,015.30 to defray the charges of the year 1932.

40

Chapter XV.

PUBLIC FINANCE & TAXATION.

The following tables show the Revenue and Expenditure for the five years 1929 to 1933 inclusive.

1929

Revenue. Expenditure. $23,554,475 $21,983,257

Surplus. Deficit.

$1,571,218

1930

1931

1932

27,818,473 33,146,724 31,160,774 33,549,716 32,050,283

28,119,646

$301,173

1,985,950

1,499,433

1933

32,099,278

31,122,715

976,563

2. The revenue for the year 1933 amounted to $32,099,278 being $1,903,297 less than estimated and $1,450,438 less than the revenue obtained in 1932.

3. Duties on imported liquor and tobacco were less than estimated as they are on a sterling basis and were reckoned on an exchange rate of $1-1/2 whereas the average rate throughout the year was over 1/416. Assessed Taxes show a decrease of $65,031.30 due to vacant tenements and large decreases were shown by the Opium Monopoly of $1,347,148 and in Stamp Duties of $392,293. A considerable increase amounting to $328,907 was shown under Water Excess and Meter Rents due to general building development and to the institution of universal meterage. Land Sales were less than estimated to the extent of $327,139.

4. The expenditure for the year 1933 amounted to $31,122,715 being $4,076,532 less than estimated and $927,568 less than the expenditure in 1932.

5. Ordinary expenditure amounted to $27,830,266, Public Works Extraordinary to $3,292,449. Large savings resulted under Personal Emoluments, compared with the amounts inserted in the Estimates, on account of the higher exchange prevailing throughout the year. Changes in personnel and vacancies in office also reduced the amount but most of this under-expenditure amounting to $1,489,791 was due to the rise in the sterling value of the dollar. Under Other Charges savings were also effected amounting to $877,763. Expenditure on Public Works Extraordinary fell short of the original estimate by $375,474 and $138,893 less than estimated was expended on recurrent maintenance and improvements.

6. Debt.—The total amount of sterling debt outstanding at the close of 1933 was £1,485,732.16.5, the sinking fund for its redemption amounting to £911,748. The 1927 Public Works Loan of $4,927,000 was converted on 1st August, 1933 to 4% under authority of Ordinance No. 15 of 1933; the sinking fund will be dealt with under section 10 (5) of that Ordinance.

41

7. The Assets and Liabilities of the Colony on the 31st December, 1933, are shown in the following statement:

LIABILITIES.

$

C.

ASSETS.

$

C.

DEPOSITS:

Contractors and

Officers Deposits

487,200.00

ADVANCES :

Ou account of

Future Loan .....

6,934,474.13

Purchase of three

Suitors Fund

587,617.30

Locomotives for

Chinese Section

Miscellaneous De-

Kowloon

Canton

posits....

2,268,353.78

Railway..

Miscellaneous

267,468.26 79,401.82

Insurance Compan-

ies

Building Loans

1,900,700.00 | Imprest Account..

Subsidiary Coin

Suspense Account

967,147.31 Crown Agents Re-

mittances

723,310.04

7,218.15

1,415,597,95

19,959.40

Exchange Adjustment)

136,808.00

Investments:-

Trade Loan Reserve... 1,070,609.68

Praya East Reclama-

tion

Surplus Funds

1,610.714.23

Trade Loan Out-

standing

574,500.50

112,303.45

Unallocated Stores,

House Service Account

10,478.98 Unallocated

(P.W.D.).........

486,713.30

Stores,

Government House &

(Railway)...

187,916.81

City Development

Cash Balance :-

Fund

1,227,666.28

Coal Account

2,126.52

Treasurer....

* Joint

Crown Agents.......

Colonial

Total Liabilities... 8,771,011.30

Fund...

40,792.68

3,574,679.79

2,241,189.57

Fixed Deposits:-

General

Excess of Assets over

Liabilities

13,823,625.33

Insurance

. $2,080,000.00

Companies 1,900,700.00 Miscellaneous 450,000.00

Total......$ 22,594,636.63

4,430,700.00

Total ... ...$22,591,636.63

*Joint Colonial Fund £157,000.,Os. Od.

8. Main Heads of Taxation.-The largest item of revenue is derived from the assessment tax, the sum of $6,434,969 being collected in 1933. This represents 20.05% of the total revenue or 20.67% of the revenue exclusive of land sales. The rates vary

42

from 15% to 17% on the annual value of property and are for police, lighting and water services, etc. Port and Harbour Dues comprising Light Dues and Buoy Dues brought in the sum of $679,385.

9. Duties on intoxicating liquors realized $2,172,449, tobacco $2,921,456, postage stamps and message fees $1,883,655. A considerable sum is also derived from the opium monoply, land revenue, stamp duties including estate duties and other fees. Land Sales during the year realized $972,861. The receipts of the Kowloon Canton Railway which was com- pleted in 1910 amounted to $1,630,611, a considerable increase being shown under Passenger Service.

10. Customs Tariff.-There is an import tariff on all liquor, tobacco and light oils imported into the Colony for sale or use therein. There is no export tariff. The sale of opium is a Government Monopoly, and all importation of opium other than by the Government is prohibited. The importation of Dangerous Drugs is regulated in accordance with the terms of the Geneva Convention. Arms, ammunition, explosives and dangerous goods are subject to the normal Harbour and Police Regulations in regard to storage and movement. A special Foreign Registration fee of 20% of the value of a motor vehicle is payable in respect of any vehicle not produced within the British Empire.

11. The duties on imported liquor range from $0.60 per gallon on beer to $1.20 on Chinese liquor and to $10 on sparkling European wines and perfumed spirits. The duties are collected on a sterling basis, the conventional dollars in the tariff being converted at a rate which is varied from time to time according to the market rate of exchange between the local dollar and sterling. A 50% reduction in duty is allowed in respect of brandy grown or produced within the British Empire.

12. The duties on tobacco range from $0.63 per lb. on the lowest taxed unmanufactured tobacco to $2 per lb. on cigars. The duties are collected on a sterling basis in the same manner as the liquor duties.

13. A duty of 25 cents per gallon is payable on all light oils imported into the Colony.

14. Excise and Stamp Duties.-The same duty is imposed on liquors (mainly Chinese type) manufactured in the Colony as on imported liquors.

15. Stamp Duties are imposed on various instruments and where a consideration is involved are mainly ad valorem. The following are examples of the duties charged:-Affidavits, Statu- tory Declaration, etc., $3; Bills of Exchange (inward) and Cheques, 10 cents; Bills of Lading, 15 cents when freight under

43

$5, 40 cents when freight $5 or over; Bond to secure the payment or repayment of money, 20 cents for every $100 or part thereof; Conveyance on sale, $1 for every $100 or part thereof; Mortgages, principal security, 20 cents for every $200 or part thereof; Life Insurance Policy, 25 cents for every $1,000 insured; Receipt, 10 cents for amounts over $20; Transfer of Shares, 20 cents for every $100 of market value.

16. No Hut Tax or Poll Tax is imposed in the Colony.

:

W. T. SOUTHORN,

Colonial Secretary.

:



}

44

Appendix.

LIST OF PUBLICATIONS OF GENERAL INTEREST RELATING TO HONG KONG.

Title

Price

Agents for sale

$

Sessional Papers (Annual)

Blue Book (Annual)

2.00

Colonial Secretariat and Government Printers.

3.00 Colonial Secretariat, Govern- ment Printers and Crown Agents for the Colonies, London.

Ordinances-Ball's Revised Edit- ion (In 6 Volumes) 1844-1923. Regulations of Hong Kong 1844-

1925

Ordinances and Regulations

(Annual)

Administration Reports (Annual)

Estimates (Annual)

Government Gazettes (Weekly)

Meteorological Bulletin (Month-

ly)

Hong Kong Trade and Shipping

Returns

(Monthly)......

(Annual)

Do. Hansards (Annual)

Historical & Statistical Abstract of the Colony of Hong Kong 1841-1930.

The Hong Kong Naturalist

(Quarterly).

Hong Kong: A Guide Book...

Hong Kong: Around and About,

by S.H. Peplow & M. Barker. Echoes of Hong Kong & Beyond

by L. Forster

History of Hong Kong by Eitel.

90.00

Do.

30.00 Colonial Secretariat.

3.00 Colonial Secretariat, Govern- ment Printers and Crown Agents.

3.00 Colonial Secretariat and

Government Printers.

3.00

Do.

50 Government Printers and

Crown Agents.

10.00

per

Government Printers.

annum

2.00 Government Printers and

Crown Agents.

2.00

Do.

500 South China Morning Post,

Hong Kong.

4.00 Colonial Secretariat.

2.00

Hong Kong University.

1.00

Kelly & Walsh, Ltd.,

Hong Kong.

5.00

Do.

2.50

Do.

Out of Print.

Sections on Hong Kong will be found in the annual "China Year Book" published by the North China Daily News and Herald Ltd., Shanghai (London Agents Simpkin Marshall Ltd.) price $20.00, and the annual Directory and Chronicle of China, Japan etc." published by the Hong Kong Daily Press at Hong Kong, Price $12.00 and obtainable at their London office at 53, Fleet St., for £2.

16

J

7

=

D

TAI SHAN

3

MA CHAU

E.

LONG.

OF

GREENWIGH.

113° 32'

0

CHUNG



NAM TAU SHANG

TEMPLE

N HA

MAP OF HONG KONG AND

NSIN

(SUN

NGON ON)

HAU HOI WAN OR DEEP BAY

TAI SHUI HANG

CASTLE PEAK

LUNG KU TAN

1918

LUNG KU

SHA CHAU

CHU LU KOK

CASTLE PEAK B.

MA WAN

PAK MONG

SHA LO WANMA WAN CHUNG

TUNG WAN

TUNG CHEUNG

P.S.

SHAM WAL

LAN

TAU

3066

PUI O

PING SHAN

SAN HUL

P.S.

CHA TAU

TO CANTON-

CHAU

: PO KAK

SHAK CHUN

KU LING

Lo

SHEPU HUI

SHEUNG SHUL

P.S.

SAN TIN

FAN LING

MAI PO

GOLF CLUB

CHUK YUN

.S.

• UN LU

AU TAU

- KAM TIN

P.S. MAGNETIC

OBSERVATORY

TẠI LAI CHUNG

CANTON

KUI

St

WO HANG

TING

SHUN WAN

TAI PO

HUI-

.S.

LOON

TOLO

WUN IT

TAI MO SHAN

3141

LOK LO HA

WAY

TIDE COVE

TSUEN N

SHA TIR

OP.S.

1620/

LION ROCK

TSING I.

MA WAN 1

TSIN CHAU

KAP SHUI MUN PASS

LAI CHI KOK

SHAM SHUI PO

STONECUTTERS 1.

P.S,

YAU MA T!

NGAU C

KOWLOO

P.S.

TO KWA WAN

NG/

· KON

HUNG HOM

KOW LOON POBSERVATORY

TSIM SHA TSU!

VICTORIA

KAU I. CHAU 0

GREEN

P.S.

VICTORIA

PEAK

B

TAI KOK

CHEUNG SHA LIN

HENG SHUI

MAN KOK

PING CHAUD

CHAU KUNG

HAR

1809

P.S.

H.

OP.S.

P.S. <

SHAU KI WAN

P.S.

CHAI WA



SHUI HAU

MONG TUNG WAN

CHUNG HAU

CHEULIG CHAU

SAI A CHAU

TAI A CHAU

NI KU CHAU

WEST LAMMA CHANNEL

SCALE OF MILES

DEEP WATER B.

0

EAST LAMMA CHANNEL

TA: WAN

SOK KU WAN

LAMMAI

1

0

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

22°

STANLEY

N. LAT.

B

LC

SASTAN

Cadi

*

Appendix A.

FINANCIAL RETURNS FOR THE

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF THE REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE FOR THE

Estimates,

Heads of Revenue.

1933.

Actual Revenue

to 31st December, 1933.

Revenue for

same period of preceding

Increase.

Decrease.

Heads of Expenditu

year.

C.

$

C.

$

c.

$

C.

Duties

7,930 000

5,833,467-31

6,597,852.02

764,384.71

Port and Harbour Dues

805,000

679,385.40 811,859.55

132,474.15

Licences and Internal Re- venue not otherwise specified -

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes, and Reim- bursements in Aid

Post Office

16,454,575 | 16,664,798.59 | 16,503,769.86

161,028.73

2,230,750 2,210,463.72 2,296,227.87

2,045,000 1,883,654.78

1,964,593.10

Kowloon-Canton Railway -

1,283,350 1,630,610.83 1,295,789.20

334,821.63

Rent of Government Pro-

perty, Land and Houses -

1,505,200 1,512,270.21 1,527,965.37

85,764.15

80,938.32

15,695.16

Interest

200,000 306,326.19 313,252.04

6,925.85

Miscellaneous Receipts -

248,700

405,439.62 867,748.88

462,309.26

Total (exclusive of Land

Sales)-

32,702,575

31,126,416.65|| 32,179,057.89

495,850.36

1,548,491.60

Land Sales, (Premia on

New Leases)

1,300,000 972,861.19 1,370,658.40

TOTAL

EA

34,002,575 32,099,277.84 33,549,716.29

Deduct

18th April, 1934.

Net

397,797-21

H. E. the Governor

Cadet Service

Senior Clerical and counting Staff - Junior Clerical Servi Colonial Secretary's C

and Legislature Secretariat for Ch

Affairs Treasury -

Audit Department District Office, Nort Do., Sout Communications :-

-

(a) Post Office (b) Do. Wii

Telegraph Ser

Imports & Exports C Harbour Departmer

Do.

Service

Royal Observatory-

Fire Brigade

Supreme Court -

-

-

-

Attorney General Crown Solicitor's Of Official Receiver-

Land Office

Magistracy, Hong F Do., Kowloo Police Force-

Prisons Department

Medical Departmer Sanitary Departmer Botanical and Fo

Department -

Education Departm Kowloon-Canton F Defence:

(a) Volunteer D.

Corps (6) Military Con

tion Miscellaneous Serv Charitable Services Charge on Accou

Public Debt-

Pensions -

Public Works D

ment -

Public Works, Rec

Do.,

Extraor

495,850.36 1,946,288.81

$495,850.36

$1,450,438.45

Naval Arsenal Yar

Kellet Island

TOTAL

Appendix A.

AL RETURNS FOR THE YEAR 1933.

ENUE AND EXPENDITURE FOR THE PERIOD ENDED 31ST DECEMBER, 1933.

Estimates,

Decrease.

Heads of Expenditure.

e.

1933.

Actual Expenditure to 31st December,

1933.

Expenditure for same period of preceding year.

Increase.

Decrease.

C.

C

C.

C.

$

C.

H. E. the Governor

182,165

164,344.89

165,697.86

764,384.71

Cadet Service

554,240.58

..

1,352.97 554,240.58

Senior Clerical and Ac-

counting Staff.

302,843.48

302,843.48

132,474.15

Junior Clerical Service

932,571.81

932,571.81

Colonial Secretary's Office

and Legislature

323,429

281,177.54

60,372.93 220,804.61

Secretariat for Chinese

Affairs

199,425

175,321.51

28,607.63

146,713.88

28.73

Treasury

-

305,732

286,510.94

92,138.35

194,372.59

Audit Department

119,473

112,846.31

59,883.07

52,963.24

District Office, North -

84,539

65,758.25

22,005.73

43.752.52

Do.,

South -

58,443

47,116.63

11,151.33

35,955.30

Communications :-

85,754.15

(a) Post Office (b) Do. Wireless

-

531,094

486,366.80

457,655.03

28,711.77

Telegraph Services-

164,735

159,289.80

152,214.25

7,075-55

Imports & Exports Office -

836,309

723,839.62

695,074.02

28,765.60

80,938.32

Do.

Harbour Department -

Air

1,279,115

997,996.97

1,020,734.07

22,737.10

Service

149,282

13,899.75

11,545.84

2,353.91

Royal Observatory-

74,556

63,165.42

68,184.87

5,019.45

21.63

Fire Brigade

308,793

307,896.84

297,080.17

10,816.67

Supreme Court -

251,143

244,996.00

172,095.89

72,900.11

Attorney General

67,840

58,305.10

38,717.16

19,587.94

Crown Solicitor's Office

62,685

56,115.08

65,003.76

8,888.68

Official Receiver -

32,484

27,126.48

18,806.12

8,320.36

15,695.16

Land Office

74,387

66,100.37

37,135.93

28,964.44

Magistracy, Hong Kong

82,613

69,373-77

2,088.09

67,285.68

Do., Kowloon

50,057

32,404.86

1,733.12

30,671.74

Police Force-

3,149,131

2,836,532.08

2,520,-08.37

315,823.71

6,925.85

Prisons Department

907,652

853.873.28

765,777.56

88,095.72

Medical Department

1,592,377

1,414,081.59

1,285,571.04

128,510 55

Sanitary Department -

1,114,897

1,024,574.36

846,286.83

178,287.53

Botanical and Forestry

462,309.26

Department -

£33,705

126,761.87

117,200.45

9,561.42

Education Department

2,042,296

1,866,626.90

1,745,983.64

120,643.26

Kowloon-Canton Railway

1,021,631

886,381.12

873,466.90

12,914.22

Defence :-

(a) Volunteer Defence

Corps

161,216

131,691.79

110,261.35

21,430.44

(b) Military Contribu-

50.36

1,548,491.60

tion

5,832,271

5,694,558.60

6,569,239.47

874,680.87

Miscellaneous Services

1,477,306

1,504,549.67

1,580,943.65

76,393.98

Charitable Services

182,510

178,940.91

169,926.51

9,014.40

Charge on Account of

Public Debt-

1,781,834

1,218,695.12

1,666,704.81

448,009.69

397,797.21

Pensions

1,894,000

; 1,876,564.93

1,545,269.52 331,295.41

Public Works Depart-

ment

2,809,699

2,222,873.71

2,116,882.14

105,991-57

Public Works, Recurrent-

1,692,500

1,553,606.84

1,900.619.99

347,013.15

31,031,324

27,830,265.70

29,082,423.32

2,321,594.14

3,573,751.76

Do., Extraordinary

3,667.923

34,699,247

3,292,449.05

1,967,860.20

1,324,588.85

31,122,714.75 31,050,283.52

3,646,182 99

3,573,751.76

Naval Arsenal Yard and

Kellet Island

500.000

1,000.000.00

1,000,000.00

50.36 1,946,288.81

ΤΟΤΑΙ

$

35,199.247 31,122,714.75

32,050,283.52

$ 495,850.36

$1,450,438.45

Deduct

-

Net

-

3,646.182.99 4,573,751.76

$3,646,182.99

$ 927,568,77

EWIN TAYLOR,

Treasurer

Statement of Assets and Liabilities on the 31st December, 1933.

LIABILITIES.

A

C.

ASSETS.

Deposits :-

Contractors and Officers

Deposits

Suitors Fund

...

Miscellaneous Deposits

Insurance Companies

Suspense Account

Exchange Adjustment

Trade Loan Reserve

...

Praya East Reclamation

:.

:

:

...

:

:

:

:

Government House & City De-

velopment Fund

House Service Account

Coal Account

...

:

487,200.00

Advances :-



c.

On account of Future Loan

...

6,934,474.13

136,808.00

1,070,609.68

112,303.45

...

587,617.30

2,268,353.78

1,900,700.00

967,147.31

Purchase of three Locomotives for Chinese Section Kowloon- Canton Railway

Miscellaneous

Building Loans

...

Imprest Account ..

Subsidiary Coin ...

Investments :-

† Surplus Funds

...

...

...

:

:

:

...

267,468.26

1,227,666.28

10,478.98

Crown Agents Remittances

Trade Loan Outstanding

Unallocated Stores, (P.W.D.)

79,401.82

723, 10.04

7,218.15

1,415,597.95

1,610,714 23

19,959.40

574.500.50

...

486,713.30

...

2,126.52

Unallocated Stores, (Railway)

Cash Balance :-

Crown Agents Treasurer

Total Liabilities

8,771,011.30

* Joint Colonial Fund

·

Excess of Assets over Liabilities:- 13,823,625.33

Fixed Deposits:-

:

General ...$2,080,000 00 Insurance

Companies. 1,900,700.00 Miscellaneous. 450,000.00

187.916.81

40.792.68 3,574,679,79

2,241,189.57

TOTAL...

$ 22,594,636.63

*Joint Colonial Fund £157,000 Os. Ud.

† Invested as follows:-

TOTAL...

$

4,430,700.00

22,594,636.63

AMOUNT OF STOCKS, &c.

NOMINAL VALUE.

COST PRICE.

MARKET VALUE.

STERLING INVESTMENT.

Canada, (1930-50)

India, (1936-38)

Kenya, (1950)...

Newcastle Corporation,

(1945-55)

New Zealand, (1932-34) New Zealand, (1949-54) Queensland, (1940-60) Union of South Africa,

(1933-43)

***

---

3 % Stock. 51% 41%

""

11

42%

5 % Bonds 31% 5% Stock.

5 %

£ 7,139. 1 1 17,046 15.10 5,000. 0. 0

£7,143.15. 2 17,482 8. 3

4,734.17. 1 (112)

(984)

(107)

£7,031.19. 4 18,240. 8. 0

5,600. 0. 0

10,000. 0. 0 9,633.13. 9 20,000. 0. 0 29,009.16.10

9,600. 0. 0

(107)

10,700, 0. 0

*

9,495.13. 8 10,594.12. 8

(102)

9,826. 7. 2

X

10,594.12. 8

28,719.14.11

(107)

31,040.10. 7

20,000. 0 0

20,000.18. 0. (99XD) 19,800. 0. 0

I

£117,829. 7. 6 £ 107,771.19. 9

£112,833.17. 9

× No quotation.

* Part payment.

14

Appendix A (1)

HONG KONG.

REPORT ON THE FINANCES FOR THE YEAR 1933.

The Revenue for the year amounted to $32,099,278 and the Expenditure was $31,122,715. Revenue therefore exceeded Expenditure by $976,563. The approved estimated revenue for the year was $34,002,575 while the revised figure was $33,027,000, a decrease of $975,575. The approved estimate of expenditure for the year was shown as $35,199,247 including the sum of $500,000 from surplus balances, and the revised estimate amounted to $32,564,261 or $1,441,546 above the actual expenditure.

2. The following statement shows the Revenue and Expenditure for each of the years of the last decade:

Year.

Revenue.

Expendi-

ture.

Surplus.

Deficit.

$

$



$

1924..... 24,209,640 26,726,423

1925...... 23,244,366 28,266,818

2,516,789

5,022,452

1926...... 21,131,582 23,524,716

2,393,134

1927...... 21,344,536 20,845,065

499,471

1928...... 24,968,399 21,230,242

3,738,157

1929...... 23,554,475 21,983,257 1,571,218

1930...... 27,818,478 28,119,646

1931...... 33,146,724 31,160,774 1,985,950

1932..... 33,549,716 32,050,288 1,499,433

1933.... 32,099,278 31,122,715

976,563

301,173

REVENUE.

3. The largest individual item of revenue is derived from the assessment tax, the sum of $6,434,969 being collected. This represents 20.05% of the total revenue or 20.67% of the revenue exclusive of land sales.

A (1) 2

4. In the following table the actual revenue for the year 1933 is compared with the revenue of the previous year and with the estimate for 1933.

Heads of Revenue.

Actual 1932

Estimates 1933

Actual 1933

Duties..

Port & Harbour Dues

Licences and Internal Revenue not

otherwise specified

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes, and Reimburse- ments in Aid.....

Post Office......

Kowloon-Canton Railway

Rent of Government Property, Land

and Houses

Interest

Miscellaneous Receipts

C.

C.

7,930,000 805,000

5,833,467.31 679,385.40

6.597,852.02 811,859.55

16,503,769.86 16,454,575 16,664,798.59

2,296,227.87

2.230,750 2,210,463.72

1,964,593.10

2.045,000 1,883,654.78

1,295,789.20

1,283,350

1,630,610.83

1.527.965 37

1,505,200

1,512,270 21

313,252.04

200.000

306,326.19

867.748.88

218,700

405,139.62

Total (exclusive of Land Sales)...

32,179,057.89 32,702,575 31,126,416.65

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)... 1,370,658.40 1,300,000 972,861,19

Total.........

$33,549,716,29 34,002,575 | 32,099,277.84

5. The actual revenue for the year fell short of the estimate by $1,903,300. The largest decreases occurred in Import Duties of $2,096,532 and in Land Sales of $327,139 but receipts from the Kowloon-Canton Railway increased by $347,260 and Mis- cellaneous Receipts by $156,739. Three new subheads under the last classification appear for the first time in 1933 as a result of franchises granted to Motor Bus and Ferry Companies as follows:

The China Motor Bus Company and the Kowloon Motor Bus Company for the privilege of maintaining services of motor buses on the Island of Hong Kong and the Kowloon Peninsula including the New Territories respectively for a period of 15 years from the 11th June 1933 pay certain royalties or percen-

tages based upon gross annual receipts.

The Hong Kong and Yaumati Ferry Company for the privilege of maintaining a passenger and vehicles ferry service for a period of 15 years from the 12th June 1933 pay certain royalties or percentages based upon gross annual receipts.

▲ (1) 3

6. The principal increases over the amounts as estimated were as follows:

Licences and Internal Revenue not Otherwise Specified :-

Vehicles Motor Drivers

Vehicles Other

Vehicles Motor Special Licens-

ing fees. Foreign Registration.

A new item.

Estate Duty

Two large estates account-

ed for $1,905,489.

Estimate. Actual.

Increase.

$

$

$

28,000

43,940

15,940

41.500

51,706

10,206

31,659 31,659

700,000 2,491,033 1,791,033

Water Excess and Meter Rents 1,400,000 1,728,907 328,907

General building deve-

lopment and the institution

of universal meterage

Fees of Court or Office Payments for Specific Purposes and Reimbursements in Aid:-

Estimate. Actual.

Increase.

$

$

Analysis

25,000

43,108

18,108

Increase in number of

commercial works

Court Fees

90,000

107,489

17,489

Increase in filing fees

Crown Leases

20,000

36,870

16,870

Result of land sales

Earth and Stone Permits N.T.

13,000

14,994

1,994

More building works

Gunpowder Storage

25,000

38,050

13,050

Large consignments stored

for longer periods

Hong Kong Companies Regis-

tration

18,000

25,298

7,298

More registration.

Possession

16,500

31,214 14,714

More distress warrants &

writs of execution issued

Public School

244,500

260,559

16,059

More students

Bonded Warehouse

A new item

7,157

7,157

A (1) 4-

Kowloon Canton Railway.

Estimate.

Actual.

Increase.

$

$

Passenger Service

Increase in the number of passengers owing to the accelerated express train service.

Auxiliary operations, Foreign

Haulage

Increase of haulage of fast goods trains and extra charge for additional coaches

1,059,400 1,354,462 295,062

135,000 166,226 31,226

Rent of Government Property, Land and Houses.

Estimate.

Actual.

Increase.

$

$

$

Lands Not Leased

260,000

281,755

21,755

Increase in the number

of permits issued

Leased Lands (Crown Rent Ex-

clusive of N.T.)

528,000

539,086

11,086

Increase in land leased

Interest

Interest.

Estimate. Actual. Increase.

$

$

200,000

306,326

106,326

The actual expenditure for the year both ordinary and on loan account was short of the estimate. Hence larger sums than anticipated were available for short term investments

A. (1) 5

Miscellaneous Receipts.

Estimate.

Actual.

Increase.

$

$

$

Conservancy Contracts

1,450

16,812

15,362

New Contract

Overpayments in previous years

8,000

22,098

14,098

Casual

Other Miscellaneous Receipts

75,000

94,316

19,316

Exchange transactions ac-

counted for $16,996.

Appreciation of Sterling

Securities

Increase in market value

at 31/12/33 of investments on account of

balances

surplus

Royalty payable by Kowloon

Motor Bus Co., Ld.

A new item

Royalty

payable by China

Motor Bus Co., Ld.

A new item

13,043 13,043

63,592

63,592

48,287 48,287

7. The principal decreases over the amounts as estimated were as follows:-

Duties.

Estimate. Actual. Decrease.

$

$

$

Import Duty on Liquor ......................... 1,300,000 1,026,714 273,286

Less consumption of Chi-

nese liquor.

Import Duty on Tobacco ......... 4,600,000 2,921,456 1,678,544

Receipts overestimated &

less tobacco imported

Port and Harbour Dues.

Estimate.

$

Actual. Decrease.

$

$

Light Dues

640,000

524,436

115,564

Rate reduced from 1st

April, 1933

A (1) 6 -

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise specified.

Opium Monopoly

Large decrease in sales

Bets and Sweeps Tax

Entertainments Tax

Stamp Duties

General business depres-

sion is the reason for the

above decreases

Estimate.

Actual.

Decrease.

$

$

2,500,000 1,152,852 1,347,148

340,000 254,110 85,890

290,000 2,600,000

275,746

14,254

2,207,707

392,293

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for Specific Purposes,

and Reimbursements in Aid:-

Estimate. Actual.

Decrease.

$

$

$

China Companies

165,000

141,342

23,657

Fewer registrations

Medical Examination of Emi-

grants

100,000

89,532

10,468

Falling off in emigrants

Sunday Cargo-Working Permits

135,000

104,575

30,425

Fewer vessels working

Contribution for Anti-Piracy

Escorts

120,000

99,962

20,038

Fewer guards were sup-

plied during the year

Widows' and Orphans' Pen-

sions Contributions

394,600

355,136

39,464

Higher rate of exchange

Post Office.

Estimate.

Actual. Decrease.

$

$

$

Message Fees

Postage

720,000

644,691

75,309

1,325,000

1,238,968

86,037

General trade depression

Land Sales.

Estimate.

Actual.

Decrease.

$

Premia on New Leases

1,300,000

972,861

$

327,139

Decreased demand for land

і

8. A list of the alterations and additions in General Taxa tion, Postage Rates and of the increases and adjustments in Licence Fees and other Receipts during the year 1933 is shown in the following Schedule.

Heads.

Duties.

Import Duty Tobacco-Empire Origin

Port and Harbour Dues.

Old Fees.

New Fees.

Effective From.

10% Preference on scale of duties

16.2.33.

Light Dues-all vessels other than River Boats

4 cts.

2.4/10th cents per ton...

1.4.33.

all River Boats

14 cts. | 9/10th cents



based on the conventional, dollar.

Licences and Internal Revenue,

(A)-Licences.

Massage establishment

Public Dance Hall

">

""

**

extension 1 hour

$ 25.00 p.a. $120.00 p.a.

$ 20.00 p.m. $ 10.00

27.10.33.

"}

73

"

A (1) 7-

Heads.

Old Fees.

New Fees.

Effective From.

A. (1) 8 -

Public Dance Hall, extension 2 hours

''

尊重

}}

"

"

"}

3

''

duplicate Licence

Tobacco. For and in respect of every occasion of the alteration in any licence mentioned in the Third Schedule to the Tobacco Ordinance, 1931, of the premises in respect of which the licence is granted

Vehicle International driving permit

""

>>

:

$ 30.00

$ 60.00

graded according to feel paid for original licence.

$ 2.00

$ 5.00

$ 10.00

...

cycle..

$ 5.00

certificate for a motor car

}}

""

Temporary Licences

a

$2.00

27.10.33.

In proportion to the fee of

$180 p.a.

26.5.33.

Date of issue for 12 months

11

17.11.33.

(B)-Internal Revenue. 1

Bets and Sweeps Tax

3%

21%

1.9.33.

Heads.

Old Fees.

New Fees.

Fees of Court, etc.

(A)-Fees.

China Companies (Order No. 1)

For registering under Part III. of the Companies Ordinance, 1932, any charge required to be registered thereunder whether created by a Company or existing on property acquired by i the Company

For registering particulars of a series of Deben- tures under Part III.

For registering particulars of any charge under section 91 of the Ordinance

For registering the appointment of a receiver or

manager under section 86 of the Ordinance.. For inspecting the register of charges. For each

inspection

China Companies (Order No. 2)

For inspecting in respect of any company the register or any file or document for each inspection

:

:.

:..

Effective From.

$10.00

1.9.33.

$10.00

$ 5.00

>>

$ 5.00

1.00

"

$ 1.00

""

- Å (1) 9

Heads.

Old Fees.

New Fees.

:

For a certificate of incorporation

For certifying a copy or extract of any other document or any part of any other docu- ment, per folio of 72 words

Court Fees. Divorce Ordinance 35 of 1932

Court Fees. Magistrates Ordinance No. 41 of 1932. For affixing the signature, of a magistrate, with or without the magistrate's seal, to any statutory declaration or other document made or required for a purpose other than in or for a magisterial proceeding or matter exclusively within the duties of the office of a magistrate

For copy of depositions, charges or documentary exhibits in summary cases, if not exceeding | five folios of seventy-two words each

and for every additional folio, in excess of five folios

For a copy of a warrant

$ 5.00

$ 0.50

Graded

Effective From.

1.9.33.

"

1.11.33.

:

$1.00

"

...

$3.00

$0.30

$3.00

- A (1) 10

Heads.

Old Fees.

New Fees.

Effective From.

– A (1) 11.

مستی

For a certificate of trial for military or naval authorities (under Army Act) the equivalent in Hong Kong Currency at the date of pay- ment of three shillings

Possession. Bailiff's Expenses. Possession Money,

per diem, (to be paid in cash)

When more than one man' in possession if direct- ed by Registrar or Party, for each additional man, per diem, (to be paid in cash)

(B)-Receipts.

Official Administrator's Commission. Chargeable on the gross value of all property of whatsoever nature received or taken posses- sion of or realised or otherwise dealt with under Ordinance 2 of 1897

Post Office.

Postage. Selling prices of Imperial Coupons Selling prices of International Coupons

Business Reply Envelope and Card System Per-

mits

s. d.

3/-

$2.00 (For each man in posses- sion per diem.

$1.00.

$2.00

1.11.33.

16.6.33.

(5% for 1st $1,000.

5%

{21% on next $4,000. (1% on the balance.

23.6.33.

$0.16

$ 0.20

1.4.33.

$0.25

$0.40

$10.00 p.a.

22.9.33.



A (1) 12

Expenditure.

9. The expenditure for the year amounted to $31,122,715 against an estimate of $35,199,247 a decrease of $4,076,532. The total sum of $31,122,715 is made up as follows:

Ordinary Expenditure

$27,830,266

Extraordinary Expenditure Public Works....... 3,292,449

Ordinary Expenditure for the year was $27,830,266 against $29,082,423 in the preceding year showing a decrease of $1,252,157.

10. In the following table the actual expenditure for the year 1933 is compared with the expenditure of the previous year and with the estimates for 1933.

A (1) 13-

Heads of Expenditure.

Actual 1932

Estimates, 1933

Actual 1933

}

His Excellency the Governor Cadet Service

...

Senior Clerical and Accounting

Staff

$ c.

165,697.86

182,165

$ c.

164,344.89

***

554,240.58

*

302,843.48

*

Junior Clerical Service

***

932,571.81

Colonial Secretary's Office and

Legislature

60,372.93

323,429

281,177.54

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

28,607,63

199,425

175,321,51

Treasury...

Audit Department

District Office, North

92,138.35

305,732

286,510.94

59,883.07

119,473

112,846.31

22,005.73

84,539

65,758.25

Do,

South

11,151.33

58,443

47,116.63

(4)-Post Office

457,655.03

531,094

486,366.80

(B)- Do. Wireless Telegraph

Services

(4)-Harbour Department

152,214.25

164,735

159,289.80

Imports and Exports Office

695,074.02

836,309

723,839.62

1,020,734 07

1,279,115

997.996.97

(B)- Do. Air Service...

11,545 84

149,282

13,899.75

Royal Observatory

68,184.87

74,556

63,165.42

Fire Brigade...

***

297,080.17

308,793

307,896.84

Supreme Court

172 095.89

251,143

244,996.00

Attorney General's Office

38.717.16

67,840

58,305.10

Crown Solicitor's Office

65,003.76

62,685

56,115.08

Official Receiver's Office

18,806.12

32,484

27,126.48

Land Office

37,135.93

74,387

66,100.37

Magistracy, Hong Kong

2,088.09

82,613

69,373.77

Do.. Kowloon

1,733.12

50,057

32,404.86

Police Force.

2,520,708.37

3,149,131

2,836,532.08

Prison Department

765,777.56

907,652

853,873.28

Medical Department

1,285,571.04

1,592,377

1,414,081.59

Sanitary Department

846,286.83

1,114,897

1,024,574.36

Botanical & Forestry Department

117.200 45

133,705

126,761.87

Education Department

1,745,983 61

2,042,296

1,866.626.90

Kowloon-Canton Railway

873,466.90

1,021,631

886,381.12

(4)-Volunteer Defence Corps...

110,261.35

161,216

131,691.79

(B)-Military Contribution

6,569,239.47

5,832,271

5,694,558.60

Miscellaneous Services

Charitable Services

1 580.943.65

1,177,306

1,504,549.67

169,926.51

182,510

178,910.91

Charge on Account of Public

Debt.

1,666,704.81

1,781,834

1,218,695 12

Pensions...

Public Works Department.

1,545,269.52

1,894,000

1,876,564.93

2,116,882.14

2,809,699

2,222,873.71

Do.

Recurrent

1.900,619.99

1,692,500

1,553,606.81

29,082,423.32

31,031,324 27,830,265.70

Public Works Extraordinary

1,967,860.20

3,667,923

3,292,449.05

31,050,283 52

34,699,217

31,122,714.75

Naval Arsenal Yard and Kellet

Island

1.000,000.00

500,000

TOTAL...

.$ 32,050.283.52

35,199,217 31,122,714.75

*Now included in departmental estimates.

A (1) 14 -

11. Only one head of Expenditure was exceeded : Miscellaneous Services

The cost of Government servants' passages re- quired $87,758 more than estimated.

DECREASES.

Imports and Exports Office.

$27,244

Owing to higher exchange $37,578 was saved on the purchase of raw opium and $4,954 on fuel due to Opium Factory having been closed in February.

Harbour Department and Air Services.

Coal cost $122,212 less than the estimates owing to lower contract rate, $9,574 was saved on repairs, minor im- provements and stores for launches and boats owing to higher exchange, and $50,000 for a new launch not built. The subsidy of $30,000 to the Flying Club and $100,000 to Commercial Aviation were also not paid.

Police Force.

Higher exchange reduced the expenditure on ammuni- tion by $4,439, on clothing and accoutrements by $15,537. Higher exchange, fewer passages than estimated resulted in a saving of $23,019 on Police Officers' transport and $5,603 on rations for Indian Police.

Prisons Department.

A saving of $6,037 was made on clothing for the staff, due to higher exchange. The price of coal also accounted for a decrease of $6,305 in fuel. Government quarters were available and a saving of $5,219 on Rent of quarters and Rent allowances for European warders was made.

Medical Department.

Bedding and clothing also Medicines, etc., showed de- creases of $7,036 and $17,450 due to higher exchange.

Sanitary Department.

Exhumation costs were lower by $7,426.

Education.

A saving of $19,593 in Capitation Grants due to fewer pupils.

Kowloon Canton Railway.

A saving of $72.872 in coal resulted from a lower con- tract price.

Charitable Services.

The full provision of $11,750 voted for Aberdeen Industrial School was underspent by $8,150 owing to school not being ready.

J

- A (1) 15 ~

Charge on account of Public Debts.

Savings of $118,226 and $33,617 for interest and sink- ing tund respectively, were made owing to higher exchange. The sum of $333,000 provided for the sinking tuna of the Public Works 6% Loan 1927 was not required as this lean was converted on 1st August to 4% by the issue of con- version bonds running for 20 years, the first provision for amortization only being required in 1934.

Pensions.

Out of $1,894,000 provided only $1,876,565 was spent, the saving of $17,435 was due to higher exchange. Public Works Department.

Owing to less work being accomplished than anticipated $4,745 was saved on Harbour Surveying. $204,596 on Ad- ditional Transmitting Equipment, $68,578 on Additional Receiving Equipment were saved due to non-arrival of Equipment from England and $10,888 on Steam Roller due to Account being outstanding at the close of the year, Public Works Recurrent.

This Head, snowed a decrease of $138,893 on the estimate, in spite of the fact that by a resolution of Council dated 31st August a further $60,000 above the original estimate was provided for maintenance works. Two sub- heads however showed comparatively large increases over the original appropriations, Hong Kong-"Buildings" by $33,184 and Kowloon-Maintenance of Waterworks" by $16,288.

Public Works Extraordinary.

The net decrease amounted to $375,474 and was spread over the subheads generally, the explanation being that less work was done than anticipated or the work commenced late in the year. There were however a few subheads which showed increases over the original provision notably Water meters by $57,704 owing to the increased demand for metered supplies; Kowloon Hospital additions by $73,886 as better progress was made with the work than anti- cipated; Distribution Circuit from New Reservoir by $46,825 to enable the earlier completion of the circuit; Government Bungalow at Fanling by $29,211 due to increased accom- modation. The following are some of the more important items which were not estimated for originally but provided by supplementary votes or resolutions during the year. Remand Home for Juvenile Offenders $49,492. Purchase of house No. 407, The Peak, $40,000. Purchase of Sailors' Home and Soldiers' Institute and cost of adaption as offices $196,812. Free connections in Rider Main Areas $19,258 and Resurfacing Shatin Causeway and Taipo Road $62,791.

Naval Arsenal Yard and Kellet Island.

The amount of $500,000 was not paid during the year.

A (1) 16-

Assets and Liabilities on the 31st

12. Statement of December 1933.

LIABILITIES.

$

C.

ASSETS.

$

C.

DEPOSITS:

Contractors and

Officers Deposits

487,200.00

ADVANCES —

On account of

Future Loan

6,934,474.13

Purchase of three

Suitors Fund

587,617.30

Locomotives for

Chinese Section

Miscellaneous De-

Kowloon Canton

posits........

2,268,353.78

Railway...

267,468.26

Miscellaneous

79,401.82

Insurance Compan-

ies

Building Loans

723,310.04

1,900,700,00| Imprest Account.

7,218.15

Subsidiary Coin

1,415,597.95

Suspense Account ....

967,147.31

Investments:-

Exchange Adjustment

136,808.00

Surplus Funds

1,610,714.23

Crown Agents Re-

Trade Loan Reserve... 1,070,609.68

mittances.

19,959.40

Trade Loan Out-

Praya East Reclama-

tion

112,303.45 Unallocated

standing

574,500.50

Stores,

(P.W.D.).....

486,713.30

Government House &

Unallocated Stores,

City Development Fund

(Railway).

187,916.81

1,227,666.28

Cash Balance :~~

House Service Account

10,478.98

Crown Agents..

40,792.68

Treasurer...

Coal Account

2,126.52

3,574,679.79

* Joint

Colonial

Total Liabilities... 8,771,011.30

Fund....

2,241,189.57

Fixed Deposits:-

Excess of Assets over

Liabilities

13,823,625.33

General $2,080,000.00 Insurance

Companies 1,900,700.00)

Miscellaneous 450,000.00

4,430,700.00

Total..... 22,594,636.63

Total ... ...$22,591,636.63

Joint Colonial Fund £157,000.0.0.

13. The excess of Assets over Liabilities on the 1st January 1933 was $12,847,062. On the 31st December 1933 this sum had increased to $13,823,625 the difference of $976,563 is the excess of revenue over expenditure as recorded in paragraph 1 of this Report.

}

A (1) 17

as

14. The balance of moneys not required to meet current requirements was lent to the Joint Colonial Fund which amount- ed to £157,000 and is shown in the above statement $2,241,190. This fund is replenished by remittances from the Treasury and is drawn on from time to time as required by the Crown Agents.

15. The cash balance of $3,574,680 with the Treasurer in- cluded $700,211 held by the Official Receiver on account of Com- panies Liquidation and Bankruptcy. This latter figure also forms part of the sum of $2,268,354 shewn under Miscellaneous Deposits as a liability.

16. The Surplus Fund $1,610,714 represents the market value of the stocks as at 31st December 1933 and was invested as follows:

AMOUNT OF STOCK, &C.

NOMINAL VALUE.

COST PRICE. MARKET VALUE

STERLING INVESTMENTS,

Canada (1930-50)

India, (1936-38)

3 % Stock. .51%

11

Kenya, (1950)..............

.41%

11

Newcastle Corporation,

(1945-55)

.41%

New Zealand, (1932-34)...5 % Bonds. New Zealand, (1949-54)...34%

"

Queensland, (1940-60)...5 % Stock. Union of South Africa,

(1933-43)

£ 7,139. 1. 1 17,046.15.10 5,000, 0. 0

10,000. 0. 0 9,633.13. 9 20.000. 0. 0

29,009.16.10

*

£ 7,143.15. 2 (981) 17,482. 8. 3 (107) 4,734.17. 1|(112)

9,600. 0. 0(107) 9,495.13, 8(102) 10,594.12, 8 † 28,719.14.11 (107)

£7,031.19. 4 18,240. 8. 0

· 5,600, 0, 0

10,700. 0, 0

9,826. 7. 2

10,594.12. 8

31,040.10. 7

..5 %

17

20,000. 0. 0

20,000.18. 099XD) 19,800. 0. 0

|£ 117,829. 7, 6│£107,771.19. 9

£112,833.17. 9

* Part payment.

ADVANCES.

+ No quotation.

17. On account of Future Loan.

This money has been expended as under:-

Aberdeen Water Scheme

Aerodrome

New Gaol at Wong Ma Kok

Shing Mun Valley Scheme 1st Section

Shing Mun Valley Scheme 2nd Section:-

$2,499,625.70

20,485.92

162,244.36

636,765.59

Preliminary Works

36,718.84

1

Filters

120,045.23

Gorge Dam

1,454,242.57

Vehicular Ferry

1,741,650.70

Tytam Tuk Catchwater

252,992.91

Air Port and Slipway, &c.

9,702.31

$6,934,474.13

A (1) 18-

18. Purchase of three locomotives for the Chinese Section Kowloon-Canton Railway.

The Chinese Section commenced paying off this advance in July, 1932, at the rate of $10,000 per month and the original amount outstanding has been reduced from $447,468.26 by $180,000 to $267,468.26.

19. During the year the Unallocated Stores varied as under:

Balance at 31st December

1932

Public Works Department.... $469,074 Kowloon-Canton Railway

1933 $486,713

172,328

187,917

$641,402 $674,630

1

TRADE LOAN Account.

20. During the year the number of outstanding loans was reduced by one from eight to seven.

Instalments on account of Capital outstanding were obtained in respect of two other loans, The total reduction in Capital outstanding was $147,000, i.e., from $752,751.50 to $605,751.50 whilst in addition $31,251.00 of Capital was written off leaving the net sum due as $574,500.50. The total Capital now written off amounts to $136,263.30.

Efforts to procure redemption and, on one or two bad loans, a sale came to nothing. Interest to the extent of $36,734.39 was written off during the year.

The Reserve ac- count increased steadily and now amounts to $1,070,609.68 which exceeds the Capital outstanding by $496,109.18.

The following table shows the financial position of this ac-

count as at 31st December, 1933 :-

Loans Issued since 16th November, 1925, on

approved securities

Less Redemptions effected during the years

$15,633,582.97

1926

1927

1928

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

$2,604,930.00

4,845,879.76

3,403,560.02

1,356,536.86

1,280,842.65

832,241.62

451,828.26

147,000.00

14.922,819.17

710.763.80

Less amount written off as irrecoverable

Total of Loans outstanding on 31st December,

136.263.30

1933

$574,500.50

A (1) 19

Interest in arrears on 31st December, 1926

$117,369.42

>>

31st December, 1927

206,818.64

"

31st December, 1928

321,121.10

31st December, 1929

72

416,237.93

31st December, 1930

398,641.94

31st December, 1931

307,152.89

37

19

31st December, 1932

209,087.15

31st December, 1933

32

195,714.76

Total number of Loans issued since 16th November, 1925...302 Less number redeemed in 1926...

12

1)

31

"}

ܙܕ

.34

1927..

.85

1928.

.87

1929..

.29

1930..

.35

1931:

.13

19

1932.

.11

1933.

1

295

7

Number of Loans outstanding on 31st December, 1933

PUBLIC DEBT.

21. The inscribed Stock Loans of 1893 and 1906 amounted to £1,485,733 and the Sinking Fund stood at £911,748 as against £832,751 at the end of 1932.

The Public Works 6% Loan (Ordinance No. 14 of 1927) amounting to $4,927,000 was converted during the year. Bond holders were offered cash or conversion on a 4% basis for 20 years under the provisions of Ordinance No. 15 of 1933. The sum of $4,838,000 was converted, leaving only $89,000 to be redeemed. Interest is payable half yearly on 1st February and 1st August and a sinking fund will be set up, the first instalment being paid on or before 31st July 1984.

NOTE CIRCULATION.

22. The local circulation of notes and specie in Reserve of the three banks having authorized issues were as follows at 31st December:-

Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking

Corporation

Chartered Bank of India, Australia

and China

Mercantile Bank of India, Ltd....

Total...

Notes in Circulation.

Specie in Reserve.

$141,168,337 $123,000,000

14,950,262

1,465,119

8,300,000

1,350,000

$157,583,718 $132,650,000

A (1) 20

EXCHANGE.

23. The average monthly rates for sterling and Shanghai dollars were as follows :-

January

1/8.255 106.190

February

1/3.219 106.179

March

1/3.624 105.540

April

1/3.699 106.897

May

1/4.306

109.181

June

1/4.609

109.703

July

1/4.695

110.407

August

1/4.495

110.778

September

1/4.735

110.445

October

1/4.818

110.500

November

1/4.858 110.375

1/4.927

110.355

December

The opening rate of the year on January 3rd was 1/3d., the closing rate on December 31st was 1/58. The lowest rate quoted during the year was 1/2 on 13th February and the highest rate 1/5 on the 29th December.

GENERAL.

24. The estimates for the year were based on $1-1s.2d and a deficit of $1,196,672 was estimated for. The final figures for the year however showed an excess of Revenue over Expen- diture of $976,568, notwithstanding the fact that Revenue shewed a decrease of $1,903,297 below the estimate. The excess on the year's working was therefore wholly due to under expenditure. Several causes contributed to this. The monthly rates for sterling are shewn in the preceding paragraph from which it will be seen that on no occasion did the dollar fall below 1s. 27d. while the average rate throughout the year was 1s. 4.d. Large savings were made under Personal Emolu- ments compared with the amounts inserted in the Estimates. Provision was made for $13,041,075 but only $11,551,284 was expended. Vacancies in office and changes in personnel accounted for some of this underexpenditure but the greater part may be ascribed to the rise in the sterling value of the dollar. Under "Other Charges" savings were also effected the total provision being $5,129,828 against $4,252,065 expended. The amount spent under Public Works Extraordinary fell short of the original estimate by $375,474 notwithstanding the fact that an extra sum of $509,918 was placed at the disposal of the Director of Public Works by resolution of Council dated 31st August 1933.

A. (1) 21

P

25. Opium Sales again fell very much below the estimate, the deficit amounting to $1,347,148. The following are the receipts from this source for the last 5 years:—

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

$2,651,492

2,835,287

3,019,724

2,314,226

1,152,852

X

26. The receipts from Estate Duties were extremely high due to two large estates bringing in $1,905,489.

27. Trade generally has fallen off considerably. Imports ex- cluding treasure amounted to $500,938,794 during 1933, the total for the previous year being $624,047,600. Exports were $403,092,170 against $471,859,706 for 1932. These figures re- flect the general trade depression and the effect of increased Customs duties levied by the Chinese Government. Unsettled conditions in the Provinces also have had the effect of reducing the purchasing power of the people. Exchange has been un- certain, a factor that has added to the difficulties of merchants and bankers in handling and financing the trade of the Colony. Fluctuations in the price of silver have been rather wider in the New York market than in London and our sterling exchange quotations have fortunately therefore responded slowly to the market tendencies of silver. The present large existing stocks of silver, particularly in the United States, and the prevailing uncertainty as to the ultimate disposal cause some apprehen- sion locally as to the near future prospect of exchange. devaluation of the United States dollar has had no apparent effect on the Colony's trade with America though local specu- lation in exchange on the United States has increased during the past year.

The

28. The best class of investment securities has remained fairly steady on the Share Market, but apart from these there has been a considerable fall in values and the property market has also shown a marked decline. Several Native Banks got into difficulties, but with assistance from the British Banks were generally able to avert disaster and tide over a period of anxiety.

29. Foreign remittances to Hong Kong, formerly a very considerable item in our invisible exports, continue to decline- Banks can no longer afford to pay interest on unwanted de- posits and moreover the earning capacity of Chinese immigrants abroad must have been greatly curtailed during the world wide depression in trade. Bank deposits have increased considerably during the past year and Notes in Circulation have risen from $153 millions in December 1932 to $157 millions in December

:

·A (1) 22

1933. There is no cause for satisfaction in an increasing ac- cumulation of idle deposits and it is hoped that trade conditions will improve in the forthcoming year and avenues be opened for the profitable employment of the ample capital available in the Colony,

30. Mention was made in the last report of the two National Cash Registers placed in the Treasury. Towards the end of the year a third was purchased and has been used since January 1934 in emergencies and at rush periods. During the year 222,256 receipts were issued from the two registers of which 99,974 were for rates, 84,441 for water accounts and the balance for Crown Rents and Miscellaneous receipts. The receipts cover- ed a total of $12,903,884 paid in.

31. An addressograph, including a graphotype, was installed during the year. By means of this equipment, it is possible to print the valuation book and to use the same plates for the purpose of printing rates notices (demand notes), a great saving in time and labour and in addition a ready index to the owners' addresses.

EDWIN TAYLOR,

Treasurer.

The Treasury,

Hong Kong, 30th April, 1934.

Appendix A (2).

REPORT TO THE DIRECTOR OF COLONIAL AUDIT ON THE AUDIT OF THE ACCOUNTS

OF HONG KONG 1933.

Subject to the comments contained in this report the accounts generally have been satisfactorily kept and rendered and the existing regulations appear to provide reasonable ac- counting protection against irregularities and fraud.

2. The relation between the excess of Assets over Liabilities for the years 1932 and 1933 is established as follows:-

Excess 31st December 1932

Revenue 1933

$12,847,062.24

32,099,277.84

Expenditure 1933

Excess of Assets 31st December 1933

$44,946,340.08

31,122,714.75

$13,823,625.33

3. Comparison of the revenue and expenditure for the year with the approved Estimates and with previous years is dealt with fully in the Treasurer's Report (Enclosure M.) and in the detail statements (Enclosures C. and D.).

4. Briefly,. the fall of $2,000,000 in revenue from the estimated amount is attributed to general trade depression, while the fall in expenditure is due partly to actual savings and partly to dollar fluctuations, the Estimates having been framed on a 1s. 2d. basis though the average rate throughout the year was 1s. 4.d., thus effecting a saving of over 13 per cent. on sterling commitments which are a considerable proportion of the Colony's expenditure.

AUTHORITY FOR EXPENDITURE 1933.

5. The Estimates for the year received the approval of the Secretary of State in his Despatch No. 10 of 10th January 1983 and were passed by the Legislative Council in Ordinance No. 29 of 1932.

6. During the year Supplementary Estimates for a further expenditure of $631,658 were approved by the Secretary of State in his telegram No. 304 of 18th July 1933 and were passed by Resolution of Council on 31st August 1933.

A (2) 2

7. With the exception of two items all excesses on Heads and Subheads have been covered by the necessary authority. The two items 164 and 165 of Finance Message No. 5/1934, are under reference to the Secretary of State.

8. The 1933 Supplementary Appropriation Ordinance (No. 16 of 1934) was passed by the Legislature on 12th July 1934 thus providing complete local authority for the expenditure of the year.

FORM OF ESTIMATES.

66

>>

9. Following the instructions of the Secretary of State (Despatch No. 47 of 15th February 1932) the year 1933 saw the abolition of the Omnibus Heads of Personal Emolu- ments referred to in paragraph 10/12 of the 1930 report and the salaries of the Cadet Service, the Senior Clerical and Ac- counting Staff and the Junior Clerical Staff were spread over the various Departmental Heads.

10. The initial stages of this transformation inevitably pre- sented difficulties due mainly to the temporary filling of posts of officers on leave and to promotions within each of the three classes but there is no reason to anticipate that these will not disappear as the local authorities get accustomed to the new procedure.

44

11. It would not seem unreasonable to claim that if each department is organised so that normal leave can be met without outside assistance then Estimates can be prepared with a fair degree of accuracy. If it can be decided that a particular department (including leave provision) requires so many officers of each of the three classes then any slight excess or deficit due to the salaries of the particular personnel allotted whether temporarily or permanently to that department would not be a difficult matter for adjustment.

12. It can at least be claimed that even though there may have been a certain amount of initial difficulty in their pre- paration the change in form of the Estimates has resulted in a more accurate allocation of expenditure than was formerly the

case.

ESTIMATES 1932.

(Para. 7. 1932 Report).

13. The items referred to received in due course the ap- proval of the Secretary of State.

ASSETS.

ADVANCES ON ACCOUNT OF FUTURE LOAN.

14. A statement (Enclosure H.) is forwarded showing the Expenditure from Surplus Balances during the year and to date on Public Works in anticipation of a Loan.

:

A (2) 3

15. Though the Secretary of State has authorised a total expenditure of $1,864,000 on the Vehicular Ferry, the excess of $16,232 over the authorised expenditure for the year which has been passed by the Legislative Council has still to receive his formal approval.

(Para. 20. 1932 Report).

16. The $58,487.20 referred to received the sanction of the Legislature by Resolution of Council and was later approved by the Secretary of State.

PURCHASE OF THREE LOCOMOTIVES FOR CHINESE SECTION ·

K.C.R. $267,468.26.

17. This advance is being repaid by monthly instalments of $10,000.

INVESTMENTS.

18. The Investments were revalued at the end of the year and the sum of $13,043.14 transferred direct to Revenue. This procedure was not in accordance with Colonial Regulation 291 which enjoins the use of an Investment Adjustment Account but the Treasurer's explanation is included in his reply to Query No. 195/E (Enclosure O.).

UNALLOCATED STORES (P.W.D.) $486,713.30.

19. A reconciliation between the books of the Treasury and those of the Public Works Department is forwarded (En- closure J.). The Standard Stock is within the amount fixed by the Secretary of State.

UNALLOCATED STORES (RAILWAY) $187,916.81.

20. Explanation has been given and the covering approval of the Secretary of State obtained for the excess of $12,916.81 over the authorised Standard Stock. A reconciliation statement of the Railway books with those of the Treasury is attached (Enclosure K.).

TREASURER'S CASH BALANCE, $3,574,679.79.

21. This represents the balance standing in the books of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation to the credit of the Treasurer's and four other Government accounts, to- gether with actual cash collected on the last day of business in 1933 too late for deposit in the Bank.

22. The Board of Survey appointed under Colonial Regula- tion 311 found in the Treasury a total sum, in cash and cheques of $385,466.41 (of which $189,664.07 was in incompletely signed cheques, $192,417.65 in completely signed cheques and $3,384.69 in cash) representing disbursements in respect of 1933 not yet completed.

A (2) 4

The position with regard to this asset is therefore the same as reported in previous years.

23. This procedure has been debated at length and one aspect of it, the Departmental Bank Accounts, was the subject of a conference in London in November last between the Director of Colonial Audit, the Treasurer and the Auditor, at which the local difficulties, some of them even said to be psychological, of making payments during the year in which they were due were discussed.

24. Without labouring the point further the fact remains that Government accounting is one of Cash Receipts and Pay- ments and that so long as the regulations provide for account- ing under this system so long will the charging in a year's accounts of sums not actually disbursed be irregular.

25. Should the regulations be locally impracticable then it is submitted that the Secretary of State's authority should be obtained for any departure therefrom.

26. The suggestion was made at the Conference that the Treasurer and Auditor should on their return from leave go further into this question in so far as the Departmental Bank Accounts are concerned and this is being done but there will still remain the question of the charges made but not disbursed within the year by the Head Office of the Treasury itself.

27. The Certificate of the Comptroller and Auditor General has been received for all Assets held by the Crown Agents on 31st December 1933.

LIABILITIES.

SUITORS FUND.

$587,617.30.

28. In addition to this amount a sum of $22,977.01 is, for convenience of accounting, included in the item "Miscellaneous Deposits."'

EXCHANGE ADJUSTMENT.

$136,808.00.

29. This item is incorrect in so far that provision has been made in excess of requirement. This extremely complicated section of the accounts has for years been the subject of lengthy discussions and correspondence and as reported to you in 1931 (paragraph 23) it was thought that finality and agree- ment had been reached.

30. However, during the year under review a departure was made from the method agreed upon and the figure held as a liability represents more than what was formerly decided as

A (2) 5

being necessary. The view has all along been held by this de- partment that the liability should represent the dollar differ- ence, arising from fluctuations, of the Sterling Investments and Holdings of the value of the Stocks as shown in the Assets (£112,833.17.9) at the December rate and their value at the original dollar rate of purchase.

31. A copy of Query 195/E is attached (Enclosure O.) in which the Treasurer, while stating that he does not wish to re-open the discussion, gives the information that all stocks are now being realised and will be disposed of during 1934. This will obviate the necessity for any future provision in this Suspense Account so far as Investments are concerned and the much-debated question, which after all is to a great extent an academic one, will solve itself. The excess liability at the 31st December 1933 will disappear, though by being passed through the Exchange Account it will ultimately affect the balance transferred to revenue or expenditure.

SUSPENSE ACCOUNT. $967,147.31.

32. The main item in the figures leading to this liability is a Balance of $975,413.78 on account of Military Con- tribution. The position with regard to this liability was ex- plained in paragraphs 45/6 and Enclosure Q. of the Annual Report for 1930 and, except that the amount increases annually, remains as then reported. An Ordinance dealing with the whole question of Military Contribution is under preparation and the ultimate disposal of this large amount will presumably be considered in due course.

33. Discussion took place in 1932 between the Colonial Office, the War Office and this Government on the subject of Military Contribution leading to considerable additions to the deductions allowed from the revenue assessable for contribu- tion. These came into operation first when calculating the contribution in respect of 1932.

34. As certain figures relating to capital expenditure of past years as far back as 1917 came into the calculation it has therefore been necessary to retrace the audit somewhat. A few minor discrepancies were revealed but the figures relating to certain capital expenditure (on Wireless Telegraphy), sup- ported as they are by the certificate of the Director of Public Works and agreed to by the Treasurer, may be accepted as a correct basis for future calculation.

TRADE LOAN RESERVE. $1,070,609.68.

35. A summary of the transactions of the Trade Loan Account from the commencement is given in paragraph 20 of the Treasurer's report and it is pointed out that this reserve

A (2) 6

now far exceeds the outstanding capital ($574,500.50) shown in the Assets. A statement is enclosed (L.) showing the position of the account at 31st December 1933.

GOVERNMENT HOUSE AND CITY DEVELOPMENT FUND.

$1,227,666.28.

36. This item represents revenue received from the sale of certain lands, less $29,833.72 already expended on pre- liminary works, which will be used to finance a general scheme of City Development, etc.

37. The proposal to treat this scheme as a separate unit apart from the general revenue and expenditure of the Colony was submitted to the Secretary of State who approved this departure from normal accounting procedure provided that it was further regularised by local enactment. An Ordinance put- ting this into effect is now under consideration.

38.

MISALLOCATIONS.

With one trivial exception of negligible amount all errors of misallocation were reported and adjusted before the accounts for the year were closed.

ARREARS OF REVENUE.

39. The position as regards arrears of Revenue is, as usual, satisfactory. Of the $716,384 outstanding on 31st December 1933, $666,972 had been collected by the end of April, $22,680 was written off, and action is being taken on the remaining $26,732.

CHINA COMPANY FEES.

40. The annual local inspection of the Registrar of Com- panies at Shanghai was made during the year and the accounts were audited to 30th September 1933.

41. As a result of this inspection a small amendment to the Companies Ordinance 1932, was enacted (Ordinance No. 29 of 1933) providing for a simplification in the method of pay- ment of these fees.

The observations raised during the examination of the ac- counts were satisfactorily settled.

42. The revenue from this source during the year was $141,342.00, a decrease of $23,657 from last year.

PUBLIC WORKS LOAN.

43. In June, 1933, an Ordinance was passed (No. 15 of 1933) authorising redemption of the Public Works 1927 6% Loan and alternatively allowing bondholders to exchange their

A (2) 7

bonds for a new issue of conversion bonds at 4%. The great majority of the bondholders elected for conversion and the position shortly after the end of the year (23rd January 1934)

was:

Converted Redeemed

Unaccounted for

Total

$4,838,000

41,000

48,000

$4,927,000

44. Thus only $41,000 had up to this date been required to meet the redemption. No recourse was necessary to the Sinking Fund and actual redemptions were met from the Deposit Fund referred to in paragraph 62 and enclosures of the Annual Report for 1930.

45. There is still remaining in this Deposit Account at 31st December 1933, a balance of $46,154.03 which together with certain rents accruing will more than cover any future redemp- tions.

No information is at present available of any decision having been reached with regard to the ultimate disposal of the Sinking Fund (Vide Section 10 (5) of the Ordinance).

SHING MUN VALLEY WATER SCHEME.

46. The accounting for this work is carried on under the Imprest System. After a preliminary imprest of $10,000 the amount was in March 1933 fixed at $50,000 from which sum the bulk of the local payments are made.

47. A certain amount of difficulty was experienced at first in bringing the accounting into line with the Government system but a form of accounts was drawn up by this depart- ment towards the end of the year and, with the concurrence of the Treasurer, adopted by the Resident Engineer and appears to be working smoothly.

48. Similarly, after a not too satisfactory start, the store accounting has been placed on a sound footing. An intensive audit survey of stores was carried out in December 1933 and various discrepancies adjusted.

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY.

49. A copy of the Annual Report of the Manager of the Railway is forwarded (Enclosure N.) and full comparisons of the revenue and expenditure with the Estimates and with the revenue

nd expenditure of previous years are contained therein.

- A (2) 8-

The accounts have been regularly rendered and have been satisfactorily kept.

50. Mileage charges in respect of the 3 Engines purchased from an Advance made by this Government have been collected monthly by a deduction from the payment by this Government of the balance due to the Canton-Kowloon Railway on Joint and Through Traffic receipts.

51. The final division sheets of Through and Joint Sectional Traffic Receipts between the two Administrations have been audited to the 31st December 1933 and have been accepted by the two Administrations.

52. Ten surveys on the accounts of the Railway Stations and Stores were carried out throughout the year, and call for no special comment.

LOSSES OF MONEY AND STORES.

53. The embezzlement by a Shroff employed in the Police Department to which reference was made in paragraph 58 of last year's report was followed by arrest and conviction. The Secretary of State approved the writing off of a portion of the loss and ordered a further portion to be recovered from certain officers held to be responsible. There still remains $800, at present charged to an Advance Account, upon which the Secre- tary of State's decision has yet to be obtained.

54. The theft of a large quantity of explosives belonging to private firms but which were for reasons of public safety kept at the Government Gunpowder Depot has already been reported to you (Letter No. 32/29 of 26th March 1934).

Though the theft occurred during the year under review the financial effect will not be shown until the year 1934.

55. Periodical surveys of these privately owned stores have now been brought into the Audit Programme.

56. A third theft, on this occasion of Post Office cash and stamps, occurred during the year and after local enquiry and report the Secretary of State authorised the amount stolen $1,589.09 to be written off.

STORE ACCOUNTS.

57. As anticipated (Vide paragraph 59 of 1931 Report) the mere volume of the new Store Regulations approved by Government is proving a stumbling block for their complete adoption by the departments. Submitted in three sections, for

1

A (2) 9

(1) Allocated Stores, (2) Unallocated Stores, (3) Railway Stores, the last section has been definitely shelved and after consultation with the Treasurer and Auditor it was agreed that the Railway Store Rules should remain practically as they

were.

The two remaining sections have been printed and already forwarded to you.

58. The Government Analyst, whose store is comparatively small, reported that if the regulations were to be adopted in full it would be necessary to ask for a storekeeper to be ap- pointed. So far as this department is concerned there is no reason why the current system should be elaborated.

59. The Medical Department has also reported to the Government on the difficulty of adopting the new regulations and the matter is under consideration.

GENERAL.

60. Surprise surveys of cash and stores were made on various occasions throughout the year but call for no special comment.

61. Three hundred and twenty-seven queries of a routine nature were raised during the year and have been satisfactorily settled.

62. There has been no material departure from the autho- rised Programme of Work for the year.

P. L. COLLISSON, Auditor.

9th August, 1934.

Appendix B.

REPORT ON THE ASSESSMENT FOR THE YEAR

1934-1935.

By Order of His Excellency the Governor-in-Council a new valuation of the whole Colony has been made.

The new Rateable Value amounts to $38,641,856 as compared with $38,941,273 last year, a decrease of $299,417 or 0.77%.

2. The following table gives a comparison of the Assess- ments for the year 1933-1934 and 1934-1935 :-

District

The City of Victoria Hong Kong Villages Kowloon

New Kowloon

Total

Valuation Valuation 1933-1934 1934-1935

Increase Decrease] % Inc. % Dec.

$

$

25,568,498 25,175,534

392,964

3,204,447 2,883,138)

321,309

1.54 10.03

8.207,351 8.371,033 163,682|

1,960,977 2,212,151| 251,174

1.99 12.81

38,941,273 38,641,856|

299,417

0.77

3. The decrease in the valuation of the City of Victoria is due partly to the fall in rentals following the depresssed con. dition of trade in the Colony throughout the year, and partly to deductions made on account of water charges following the introduction of meters on the abolition of the rider mains.

4. Under Hong Kong Villages the decrease is due for the most part to the general depression in the Colony and consequent lower rentals.

5. In Kowloon the increase is due to the building of new shops and European flats.

6. In the case of New Kowloon the increase is largely due to Chinese tenement houses in Shamshuipo and some further building at Kowloon City on the new layout.

7. The number of tenements reported to be vacant averaged about 1,100 monthly, as compared with 439 last year. This is the greatest number of vacant tenements ever reported, the next highest number being 445 in 1927-1928, and is partly due to the building activity of 1932-1933.

B 2

8. During the year ending 30th April, 1934, 3,211 Interim Valuations were made as follows:

CITY OF VICTORIA.

REST OF COLONY.

No.

Rateable Value.

No.

Rateable Value.

New or rebuilt tenements

and tenements structur-

ally altered ....

788

1,155,436 2,034

1,685,250

Assessments

cancelled,

tenements resumed,

pulled down or being

in other respects not

rateable

124

231,969 265 406,234

Number and Increase. 912

923,467 2,299

1,279,016

9. This is the largest number of interim valuations made in any year except in the period ending with the general valua- tion for the year 1925-1926, and is 789 more than last year.

10. The following comparative statement shows the Rate- able Value of the Colony of Hong Kong from 1924-1925 to 1934- 1935 inclusive:

Year.

Rateable Value.

Increase as compared with previous year.

Percentage of In- crease in Rateable Value as compared with previous year.

$

$

%

1924-1925 1925-1926

22,147,951

27,287,862

5,139,911

23.20

1926-1927

27,998,237

710,375

2.60

1927-1928

29,016,439

1,018,202

3.64

1928-1929

30,395,447

1,379,008

4.75

1929-1930

31,617,566

1,222,119

4.02

1930-1931

33,069,602

1,452,036

4.59

1931-1932

35,071.566

2,001,964

6.04

1932-1933

37,457,725

2,386,159

6.80

1933-1934

38,941,273

1,483,548

3.96

1934-1935

38,641,856 (Dec.) 299,417

(Dec.) 0.77

- B 3.

11. In the ten years from 1924-1925 to 1934-1935 the rateable value of the Colony has increased by $16,493,905 or 74.47 per cent.

12. The effect of the fall in rentals is more readily seen if the interim valuations during 1933 are deducted from the New Rateable Value which then becomes $36,439,373 revealing a decrease of 6.86 per cent.

13. The fall in the rentals of Chinese tenements continues, and is becoming more general. The rents of Shops and Offices in the central part of the City are now beginning to be affected by the trade depression.

}

TREASURY,

16th May, 1934.

EDWIN TAYLOR,

Teasurer and Assessor.

{

Appendix C.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS FOR THE YEAR 1933.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

(Tables I-III).

1. The Government Revenue derived from all sources dur- ing the year was $16,347.60 and the Government Expenditure was $175,321.51.

2. As is evidenced by the numerous tables attached to this Report, much of the work of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs is concerned with the administration of funds that may be called semi-official. The Revenue in these cases is in very large part a matter of voluntary subscription by the Chinese Community and outside the Government Estimates, with Ex- penditure at the discretion of the Department.

PROTECTION OF WOMEN AND GIRLS.

Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.

Ordinance No. 21 of 1929.

Ordinance No. 6 of 1893.

Ordinance No. 1 of 1923.

Ordinance No. 22 of 1929.

Ordinance No. 2 of 1865.

3. The number of persons reported to the Po Leung Kuk as missing during the year was one who was not found as com- pared with four and none found in 1932.

4. Twenty-five names were added to the list of girls under bond. The number of names on the list on December 31st was

seventy-six.

5. Inspector Fraser and his two Assistant Chinese Lady Inspectors have continued throughout the year their sterling work in connection with Mui Tsai. A total of 2,692 visits was made by the Lady Inspectors to the homes of registered Mui Tsai in addition to their work with the male Inspector investi. gating numerous cases concerning registered and unregistered Mui Tsai. At the beginning of the year the number of Mui Tsai on the Registers was 3,188; and at the end of the year this had been reduced by 462 to 2,726. This reduction is mainly account. ed for by permanent departures from the Colony, restoration to parents or other relatives and marriage,

- C 2

6. Fifty-six prosecutions were brought under the Mui Tsai Ordinance with sixty-nine convictions. The charges included twenty-nine charges of keeping unregistered Mui Tsai, eleven charges of bringing unregistered Mui Tsai into the Colony, three charges of ill-treating unregistered Mui Tsai, two charges of ill- treating registered Mui Tsai, eleven charges of failing to report change of address, nine charges of failing to pay wages to re- gistered Mui Tsai and two charges of failing to report the in- tended marriage of registered Mui Tsai.

7.

There were also four prosecutions with four convictions for ill-treatment and neglect of young girls under 16 years of age. (Ordinance 2 of 1865, Offences against the Person).

8.

Under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance, No. 4 of 1897, thirteen cases were brought and fifteen persons were convicted. These were mostly cases of harbouring or procuring.

9. Under Ordinance 2 of 1865, Offences against the Per- son, twelve cases were brought on charges connected with traf- ficking in minors with twenty-eight convictions, and three cases with two convictions on charges of assault.

10. For a fuller report on the work of the Po Leung Kuk, see Annexe A of this report.

EMIGRATION.

(Ordinance 30 of 1915)

(Tables IV and V).

11. The emigration of Assisted Emigrants showed a still further fall. In 1930 the total number passed at the Secretariat was 8,316; in 1931 the total was 3,817; in 1932 it was 1,890; and in 1933 it was only 459. Assisted Emigration to the Dutch East Indies has practically ceased at present.

12. The emigration of women and children, however, show- ed a slight increase, the total being 12,190 as compared with 11,482 in 1932.

13.

CHINESE BOARDING HOUSES.

(Ordinance 23 of 1917)

(Table VI).

At the end of the year there were 605 Boarding Houses of all classes as against 669 at the end of 1932. Twenty-two convictions were obtained under the ordinance as compared with four in 1932.

PERMITS.

(Ordinance 40 of 1932)

(Ordinance 22 of 1919).

14. 2,317 permits to fire crackers were issued, of which 1,770 were for weddings and the remainder for birthdays, shop openings, etc. Fifty-five permits were issued for theatrical per. formances.

15. Other permits issued were twenty-three for religious ceremonies and four for processions.

REGISTRATION OF BOOKS.

(Ordinance 2 of 1888).

16. Fifty books were registered during the year as com- pared with twenty-one in 1932.

REGISTRATION OF NEWSPAPERS.

(Ordinances 25 of 1927 and 1 of 1930).

17. The number of Registered Chinese papers existing on December 31st was twenty-six, of these fifteen were registered during the year.

DISTRICT WATCH FORCE.

(Ordinance 23 of 1930). (Table VII).

18. The District Watch Committee met on twelve occa. sions at the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs. In addition two meetings at which His Excellency the Governor presided were held at Government House. The following gentlemen served on the Committee throughout the year:

Mr. Li Yau-tsun, C.B.E.,

Hon. Sir Shouson Chow, Kt.,

Mr. Tong Yat-chuen,

Mr. Lo Cheung-shiu,

Mr. Wong Iu-tung,

Mr. Li Po-kwai,

Hon. Dr. S. W. Tso, o.B.E., Mr. Li Yik-mui,

Mr. Wong Tak-kwong,

Hon. Mr. Chau Tsun-nin,

Hon. Dr. R. H. Kotewall, c.M.G., Mr. Lo Man-kam.

19. Messrs. Ngan Shing-kwan and Tam Woon-tong retired on the expiration of their year of office, and were succeeded by Messrs. Chan Lim-pak and Tang Shiu-kin.

20. The authorised strength of the Force is 140 and this number was maintained throughout the year. During 1933 eight members of the Force were dismissed, four resigned, cne died, and thirteen new men were recruited to fill their places.

21. Inspector F. W. Shaftain was in charge of the Force until January 1st 1933 and his place was then taken by Inspec- tor A. H. Elston. Inspector Elston more than maintained the very high standard set by his predecessors in discharging this important task, which involves the control almost single-handed of a considerable body of men, the duties of liaison officer be- tween the Police and the District Watch Force, and the detailed supervision of the activities of the detective branch.

22. During the year members of the Force secured the record number of 1,274 convicted cases as compared with 1,084 in 1932. These cases ranged from murder and robbery to com- mon nuisance and included 427 cases of larceny and 137 cases of larceny from the person. Excellent work among pickpockets was performed by the detectives and in July one of the Police Magistrates paid high tribute to the work done by the Force in trailing this class of offender.

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL AND MAN MO TEMPLE.

(Tables VIII to XXII).

(Ordinances 31 of 1930 and 10 of 1908).

23. The following gentlemen served on the Committee for 1933:

Mr. Pun Hiu-cho, Mr. Lo Yuk-tong,

Mr. Kan Tat-tsoi, Mr. Ip Sui-shan, Mr. Yam Tsz-hing, Mr. Chan Yun-shang, Mr. Li Heung-kok,

Mr. Yau Kwai-lap,

Mr. Kwok Yim-shing, Mr. Tại Tung-pui,

Mr. Wai Shiu-pak, Mr. Woo Lai-tin, Mr. Lo Chung-wah, Mr. Siu Ho-ming, Mr. Wong Kut-shiu, Mr. Chan Shau-yat, Mr. Lung Tin-ki, Mr. Li Ping-chiu,

Mr. Lo Ming-yui, Mr. Kwok Lam-pak.

24. The chief event of the year was the commencement of the work of reconstruction of the Tung Wah Hospital in the Central District. When the Po Leung Kuk removed to its new premises at Leighton Hill Road in March 1932, the site on which the old Kuk stood reverted to the Tung Wah Hospital and the time was ripe for the reconsideration of the whole question of accommodation at the Hospital including the reconstruction of some of the older buildings. It was eventually decided to re- build, at an estimated cost of approximately $300,000.00, that part of the Hospital which was erected in the year 1870 and which contains 250 beds. The new building, which will contain 300 beds, in addition to ample provision for out- patients, will be a thoroughly up-to-date six-storied building. The block known as the Jubilee Building, which was erected in 1920 and which contains 150 beds, will be retained. The block

C 5

which was reconstructed in 1930 and which now contains 40 beds will be converted into staff quarters, and the block con- taining 120 beds which is the so-called "New Hospital," opened in 1902, will be demolished and reconstructed as revenue-pro- ducing houses and shops. When the reconstruction scheme is completed there will therefore be a total of 450 beds as against a total hitherto of 560. This reduction in numbers, combined with the spaciousness of the new structure, is in accordance with the policy of avoiding over-development in the congested Central District and furthering development at the new Tung Wah Eastern Hospital which stands in more suitable surround ings at Sookunpo. But a considerable demand will inevitably remain in the Central District, and this reconstruction is design- ed to meet it on up-to-date lines.

25. The work of reconstruction is being undertaken in two sections; first, a main block the estimated cost of which is $170,000.00, including equipment, and later two wings, each to cost $60,000.00. The greater part of the necessary funds had already been raised by the Directors when on October 17th, 1933, the Foundation Stone of the new building was laid by His Excellency the Governor in the presence of a large gathering representative of the Chinese and European Communities. This reflects great credit on the energy and persistence of the Direc- tors as well as on the charity of the donors.

26. The site vacated by the Po Leung Kuk has been utilis. ed for the erection of shops and house property which will pro- duce revenue to be devoted to the maintenance and extension of the various Hospitals under the control of the Tung Wah Committee. The Foundation Stone of these buildings was laid by the Hon. Mr. E. R. Hallifax in December 1932, and the work of erection was completed during 1933. It is estimated that the rent roll will eventually bring in about $20,000 per annum, but at present some of the buildings are being used for hospital purposes to overcome the shortage of accommodation caused by the reconstruction now in hand.

27. The number of free schools for poor children main- tained in various parts of the Colony by the Hospital in 1933 was twelve, with a total of approximately 1,250 pupils.

28. At the Tung Wah Eastern Hospital a ward containing twelve beds has been set aside since June 1933 for the treatment of Opium Addicts, and up to the end of the year 177 cases had been dealt with. The expenses of this special treatment are defrayed by the Hong Kong Government. This experiment is being made as a result of the Agreement reached at the League of Nations Opium Conference held at Bangkok in 1931.

29.

A detailed report on the medical work of the Hospital by Dr. H. L. Clift, M.B., Ch.B., Visiting Medical Officer, will be found in Annexe B.

Ċ 6

CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES.

(See Annexe B and Tables XXIII to XXVI).

TSAN YUK MATERNITY HOSPITAL.

(Table XXVII).

30. This Hospital, opened in 1922 as part of the Chinese Public Dispensary organization, has proved so popular and successful that, as mentioned in my report for 1932, it was felt that it was growing rather beyond the scope and resources of the Committee. Attention had been directed to the question whether it would not be to the general advantage if the Com- mittee were to offer the Hospital as a gift to the Government, which would thereafter be entirely responsible for its mainten- ance and further development. During the year under review the situation was fully explored and the offer was made and accepted. As from January 1st, 1934, the Hospital will be run by the Government, but on much the same lines as when it was under the control of the Chinese Public Dispensaries Committee. Reconditioning and possible expansion will be carried out as funds permit.

31. An interesting function took place at the Hospital on December 11th when a portrait of the Hon. Dr. S. W. Tso, O.B.E., Chairman of the Western Chinese Dispensary Com- mittee and of the Hospital Committee, was unveiled by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. The function was intended as a farewell party to Dr. Tso before the Hospital was handed over to the Government and high tributes were paid to Dr. Tso's keen personal interest in the work and welfare of the Hospital and its staff by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, the Director of Medical and Sanitary Services and the Hon. Sir Shouson Chow. It is noteworthy, as a mark of the affection and respect with which Dr. Tso is regarded there, that the portrait was subscribed for and presented entirely by the matron, sisters and nursing staff, past and present, of the Hospital.

WANCHAI MATERNITY HOSPITAL.

(See Annexe B).

CHINESE PERMANENT CEMETERY.

(Table XXVIII).

CHINESE RECREATION GROUND.

(Table XXIX).

32. This is controlled by a Committee consisting of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs as Chairman and the Chinese Mem- bers of the Executive and Legislative Councils.

:

;

- C 7.

33. The last obstacle to the scheme of general renovation and reconstruction, decided upon by the Committee in 1931, was removed at the beginning of the year under review when the old latrine adjoining Hollywood Road was demolished and replaceį at Government expense by a larger and more modern one in more retired corner of the Ground. Plans were prepared and approved and the tenants of the stalls were given notice to gust at the end of December so that the work of demolition and re construction could be put in hand at the beginning of 1934.

YAUMATI PUBLIC SQUARE.

(Table XXX).

34. During the course of the year, after the Government had decided upon the site of the new Kowloon Magistracy, it be- came possible to take in hand the long overdue reconstruction of the ramshackle and insanitary stalls on this popular Square. The old stalls have been replaced by substantial structures of brick and concrete, the alleys between the rows of stalls have been surfaced with concrete and efficient drainage has been pro- vided. Although the number of stalls is now smaller than it was before the reconstruction, the new stalls command consi- derably higher rents than did the old ones and it is hoped that a large increase in the income from this source will be available for Chinese charities.

PASSAGE MONEY FUND.

(Table XXXI).

TRANSLATION.

35. The total number of translations made in the depart- ment during 1933 was 926 as compared with 1,208 in 1932. 378 of these were from Chinese into English and 548 from English into Chinese. In addition a large number of translations made in other Government departments were sent to this office for revision.

General:

1933

LABOUR.

were

36. Labour conditions in the Colony during 1933 quiet. The level of wages has been mainly unchanged but un- employment has been more marked. The problem of unemploy- ment has not however become acute as in Western countries be- cause the unemployed in this Colony have the simple remedy of returning to their native districts in China where living is cheaper. The boom in the building trade showed definite signs of slackening off towards the end of the year but hundreds of coolies have found employment at Shing Mun in the construc- tion of the Dam and will continue to find employment there for several years to come.

C 8

Disputes and Strikes:

37. There were no disputes or strikes of any but minor importance during the year. There were a few disputes among rival gangs of waterfront coolies but the boycott of Messrs. Butterfield and Swire's ships in Canton engineered by the Chinese Seamen's Union had no repercussions in Hong Kong.

38. A partial strike of teahouse employees took place just after Chinese New Year on account of the refusal of certain tea- house masters to increase their staffs in accordance with a scheme of the Teahouse Employees Guild for absorbing some of its unemployed members into the trade. The dispute continued for about a month with one or two instances of violence and the smashing up of crockery in certain teahouses but eventually a settlement was reached, the masters accepting the Guild's requirements in a modified form.

Cost of living of poorer classes:

39. There was a slight all round reduction in the cost of living. Prices of all Chinese food stuffs (except fresh fish), commodities (including firewood) and the rents of Chinese flats fell towards the end of the year.

FACTORIES AND WORKSHOPS.

(Table XXXII).

40. The year 1933 was an exceedingly bad one for the in- dustries of the Colony. The general trade depression affected the local manufacturers severely and in the early part of the year a number of bankruptcies and failures occurred. Several large factories engaged in the manufacture of cotton singlets and hosiery were forced to close down, while short time with reduced staffs was general amongst those which remained open. High tariffs in neighbouring countries were blamed as the chief cause of loss of business, the export trade to China being espe- cially hard hit. Towards the end of the year, however, a slight improvement in trade became apparent and a more hopeful out- look prevailed. The heavy industries such as shipbuilding and engineering were still suffering from lack of business, but in other trades, especially the rubber shoe trade, electric torch and dry battery making, and electro-plating, the factories were again. working at full capacity. The diversity of Hong Kong's many small industries prevents the Colony from suffering as much as it might were it entirely dependent on one basic industry. In spite of the depression the number of factories in the Colony continues to increase and new factories started during the year include a large printing works, a tannery, a tooth-pick factory, a paint and varnish works and several small factories for the manu· facture of joss-sticks and mosquito-sticks.

C 9

41. The number of children employed in factories shows no tendency to increase and the employment of children under the age of 16 years has practically ceased in the large factories.

42. Legislation.-The Factories and Workshops Ordinance, No. 27 of 1932, came into force on 1st March, 1933, and has already resulted in a considerable improvement in general fac- tory conditions.

43. Registration of Factories and Workshops was made compulsory under the new Ordinance and the power to refuse registration has resulted in the removal of a large number of tenement factories from old and dilapidated houses to newer and better constructed premises. Five hundred and twenty factory owners applied for registration during the ten months operation of the new Ordinance and four hundred and eighteen certificates of registration were issued, the premises having been inspected and the owners having complied with all the require- ments necessary. In the majority of cases where registration has not yet been granted it is owing to the alterations to pre- mises being on a larger scale involving partial re-construction and in most cases the work is in hand and will be completed at an early date.

44. Careful attention was paid to measures for the preven- tion of fire dangers in factories and various factories were found to be unsuitable for their purpose and a potential source of danger to life. In twenty-three of such cases the occupiers were given varying periods of grace in which to remove to other pre- mises or prepare plans for re-building the existing premises. The advice of the Fire Brigade authorities was sought in all such cases and the co-operation and assistance given by them was much appreciated.

45. The working of the new Ordinance considerably increas- ed the duties of the Factory Inspectorate, and a special tribute is due to Inspector Meade for his sterling work. In consequence of the new Ordinance, the staff was increased by the appointment of an assistant Inspector of Factories and an additional Chinese clerk.

46. Accidents.-The total number of accidents in factories during the year was seventy of which eight were fatal, as com- pared with ninety-one (five fatal) for the preceding year. A large proportion of the accidents occurred in the shipbuilding yards (thirty-four with six fatalities) most of them being due to falls from stagings or into ships' holds. Of the accidents occurring in factories in nine cases women were involved. These accidents were all slight and owing to the better fencing of machinery in the textile factories there was again a welcome freedom from the severe scalping accidents which were once so frequent amongst women workers. (See Table XXXII).

-C 10

47. Prosecutions.—Seven prosecutions were instituted during the year against factory owners all being for employing women during prohibited hours at night. Convictions obtained in each case and fines imposed ranging from $50 to $100.

CHINESE TEMPLES.

(Ordinance 7 of 1928).

(Tables XXXIII and XXXIV).

were

48. The following gentlemen served on the Chinese Tem- ples Committee during the year:

(a) Hon. Sir Shouson Chow, Kt., Hon. Dr. R. H. Kotewall, C.M.G., Hon. Dr. S. W. Tso, O.B.E., Hon. Mr. T. N. Chau-Chinese members of the Executive Council and of the Legislative Council. (b) Mr. Li Yau-tsun, C.B.E.,-Representative of the

District Watch Committee.

(c) Mr. Wong Kwong-tin, Mr. M. K. Lo,-Chinese

members of the Sanitary Board.

(d) Mr. Pun Hiu Cho, Chairman of the Tung Wah Hos-

pital Committee.

(e) Mr. Leung Pat Yue, Senior member of the Po Leung

Kuk Committee.

(f) Mr. Yau Kwai Lap, Representative of the Directors of the Tung Wah Hospital who are residents of Kow- loon or New Kowloon.

(g) Secretary for Chinese Affairs (Chairman).

49. The Committee met once at the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs.

50. The following contributions were made during the year 1933:

$19,000.00 to the Chinese Public Dispensaries Fund. $17,000.00 to the Tung Wah Hospital.

$ 1,000.00 to the Children's Playground Association.

STAFF.

SECRETARY FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS.

51. Mr. E. R. Hallifax went on leave from 24th March to 29th November and retired on pension on 30th November. Mr. A. E. Wood acted as Secretary for Chinese Affairs during the period of Mr. Hallifax's leave and was appointed to the substan- tive post on 30th November.

A. E. WOOD,

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

14th March, 1934.

- C 11

Annexe A.

Report on the work of the Po Leung Kuk for the year 1933. (Tables A, B and C.)

The Po Leung Kuk Society was founded in 1878 to aid in the detection and suppression of kidnapping, especially of girls and women, and to shelter such girls or women as had been kidnapped in the interior and brought to Hong Kong for sale or emigration. Its name means "institution for the protection of good women". The initiative in its formation. came from the Chinese themselves, and ever since by sub- scription and personal service they have continued to support it.

2. There is a paid Chinese staff-matron, two lady teachers, seven amahs and nurses, and two clerks who are secretaries to the managing committee. The Committee meets every evening from Monday to Friday at 7 p.m., the principal meeting of the week being held at 12 noon on Sunday. It not only manages the Fo Leung Kuk, but acts as an advisory committee to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs in all cases affecting women and children and Chinese family life generally. It corresponds when necessary with charitable institutions and private persons in various parts of China, traces parents of lost children and shelters for the night any Chinese woman or girl who chooses to go.

When parents and relations cannot be traced, the Committee arranges for the girls in its care te be given in marriage (never as concubines) or in adoption, always under bond and always with the consent of this office; and in every case this office ascertains the girl's willingness before giving consent.

3. In addition to the annual Committee there is a Board of Permanent Direction, which serves to maintain continuity of policy, and of which the Secretary for Chinese Affairs is the ex-officio chairman.

4. The following gentlemen were elected in. April to serve as the Managing Committee for the year:-

Mr. Leung Pat-yu, Mr. Mak Sui-cho Mr. Chan Shing-fun, Mr. Ko Leung-ching, Mr. Tsang Po-kei,

Mr. Chan Lan-fong,

Mr. Mok Tat-huen,

Mr. Chan Fun-tin, Mr. Chung Yuk-hing, Mr. Kwok Chan, Mr. Wong Hak-king, Mr. Lung Yat-sun.

5. The number of inmates of the Po Leung Kuk on 1st January, 1933, was fifty-three, and during the year 595 persons were admitted as against 500 in 1932. The circumstances of admission and the action taken in regard to them are set out in Table A.

C 12

6. Five hundred and ninety-five women, girls and children were admitted without warrant. Thirty-seven were lost children, eighty-one were accompanied by parents or guardians and eighty were maidservants or "mui-tsai" who had left their employers.

7. On leaving the Kuk 220 persons were restored to husbands or other relatives, thirty-two were sent to chariable institutions in China, nineteen were given in adoption, four married, 276 were released after enquiries, five were released under bond, and twenty-two were sent to a School, Convent or Refuge in the Colony. The number of inmates remaining in the Kuk on December 31st was sixty-six.

8. Fifty-one cases of sickness were sent to the Tung Wah Hospital for treatment and of these four died.

9. The Hon. Dr. S. W. Tso, O.B.E., continued to serve in his capacity of Visiting Justice throughout the year. Mr. H. B. L. Dowbiggin, O.B.E., was appointed a Visiting Justice in March to fill the place of Mr. M. T. Johnson, who resigned on leaving the Colony.

10. The continued personal interest shown by Mrs. R. H. Kotewall and Mrs. S. W. Tso is much appreciated and is of genuine help to the Institution.

14th March, 1934.

A. E. WOOD, Secretary for Chinese Affairs,

Chairman.

- C 13

Annexe B.

THE CHINESE HOPITALS AND DISPENSARIES.

1. The Chinese Hospitals and Chinese Dispensaries are institutions established by the Chinese for the benefit of the poor of Chinese race. Intended to supplement the Government Hospitals they serve a very useful purpose not only in the matter of medical relief but also in that of health education.

2. An enormous and ever-increasing number of sick, too poor to pay a doctor's fee or to buy proper medicine, and unwilling or unable for one reason or another to attend at a Government Hospital, are successfully reached.

3. There are three general hospitals, one smallpox hospital, two maternity hospitals and nine public dispensaries.

They are maintained by subscriptions from the public, by donations from the Chinese General Charities Fund and by direct grants from Government. They are controlled by Chinese Committees who work in close cooperation with the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

4. In the three big hospitals the patient can choose between Western and Chinese methods of treatment, but in the Maternity Hospitals and Dispensaries Western Medicine only is practised. Government Lady Doctors hold gynaecological clinics in each of the Dispensaries once or twice a week.

5. Both Hospitals and Dispensaries are subject to inspection by the Government Medical Department. There are five officers of the Department whose duty it is to visit the various institutions and to give advice and assistance. These officers work in close touch with the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

THE CHINESE HOSPITALS.

6. The Tung Wah Hospital situated in the centre of the most thickly populated area in Victoria was first occupied in 1873. The Tung Wah Smallpox Hospital was established in 1902. The Kwong Wah Hospital in Kowloon was built by public subscription in 1911 to meet the needs of the Kowloon peninsula. The Tung Wah Eastern Hospital, a branch of the Tung Wah, situated in an open space in the east of Victoria was opened in November, 1929. The Government gave the sites and with grants of money assisted in the erection of the buildings.

7. In administrative control of the four hospitals is the Tung Wah Committee, a body of Chinese gentlemen elected annually.

C 14

8. Originally intended for the accommodation and treatment of those Chinese whose fears and prejudices against Western medicine prevented their applying for relief at the Government Hospitals these institutions at a later period introduced and encouraged scientific methods. As prejudice disappeared and confidence grew the demand for Western medicine increased until now the number being treated by this method equals that which still pins its faith to the plasters and decoctions of the herbalists.

9. The activities of the Chinese Hospitals include:-

(a) The care of the sick and treatment by Western methods or Chinese methods according to the wish of the patient.

(b) Maternity benefits and infant welfare by Western

methods only.

(c) Vaccination.

(d) Health propaganda.

(e) Assistance to the destitute.

(f) The provision of coffins for and the burial of the

dead.

10. Much progress has been made in all departments of the hospitals during the last few years. These improvements include:

(a) The appointment of University graduates as full

time Resident Medical Officers.

(b) The foundation of training schools for female

nurses.

(c) Extensions and improvements in the male nursing

section.

(d) The establishment of clinical laboratories.

(e) The provision of radiological apparatus.

(f) The establishment of up-to-date operating theatres.

(g) The purchase of motor ambulances.

(h) Improvements in the accommodation for patients. (i) Improvements in quarters for the staff.

11. Today each of the three Chinese Hospitals has a good operating theatre where operations, many of which are major in character, are performed daily.

12. In charge of the medical side (Western) of each hospital is a Medical Superintendent, a graduate of the University, whose salary is paid by Government, and who is a member of the Medical Department.

C 15

THE TUNG WAH HOSPITAL.

13. The Tung Wah was established in 1870 as a Chinese free hospital to be managed by Chinese Directors under Govern- ment supervision. It has been added to from time to time. It has now 438 beds of which 24 are for maternity cases.

There has been lately a decrease in the number of available beds due to some of the blocks having been pulled down to make way for an entirely new and up-to-date building.

14. Originally the Hospital was in a wide open space: but the houses have grown round it, and it is now in one of the most thickly populated districts of the Colony.

15. As the Directors are reluctant to refuse admission to any deserving case; and as the Colony does not possess sufficient infirmary accommodation for all its decrepits, the Tung Wah is not only a hospital but a place of refuge for the old and infirm, and has provided shelter, food, and medical attendance for many sufferers who would otherwise have perished without attention.

16. The staff consists of a Chinese Senior Medical Officer, whose salary is paid by the Government, and three Resident Medical Officers, whose salaries are paid by the Hospital. There are in addition a number of Chinese Herbalists who practise Chinese Medicine for the benefit of those who prefer that treatment.

17.

Inpatients (General).

Western

treatment

Chinese treatment

Total

1932

5,918

5,086

11,004

1933

5,588

4,491

10,079

18.

Inpatients (Maternity).

1932

1933

Still-births

1,560

67

1,600

83

19. There were 890 operations including many major ones.

20.

Out-patients (General).

Western

Chinese

Total

treatment.

treatment

1932

$4,095

185,273

219,368

1933

28,443

179,821

208,264

21.

1932.

C 16

Eye Clinic.

.13,022

*

1933..

.12,540

$22.

Baby Clinic.

1932.

1933...

.1,103

.1,270

23.

Deaths

Brought in dead

1932

1,869

1,013

1933

2,249

1,042

24. A large proportion of the deaths in the Hospital occur within 24 hours of admission. The sick poor go there to die. 511 were brought in moribund as compared with 649 in 1932. Those brought in dead include bodies sent from ships in harbour, from neighbouring hospitals, from the Public Dispensaries, and from private houses. These are taken to the Tung Wah for the benefit of the free coffins and free burials, and also to avoid post-mortem examinations.

25. The new building in course of erection will be ready for occupation early in 1934: and will be an immense improvement on anything that has gone before, including better light and air.

26. The Government Nurses Examination was started early in 1933, when the first batch of candidates from all the Hong Kong Hospitals was examined. At the second examination, held in December, 14 nurses from this hospital entered for the Preliminary examination. Twelve passed in all subjects, one passed in half, and one failed. This is the first batch of nurses sent from this hospital: and the Tung Wah is the first Chinese Hosiptal, under the Tung Wah management, to send in any candidates for the Government examination.

THE KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.

27. This hospital does for Kowloon and the Peninsula what the Tung Wah and the Tung Wah Eastern do for the island of Hong Kong. There is official accommodation for about 326 beds of which 229 are for general diseases, 40 are for tuberculosis cases and 57 are for maternity cases. There are 18 private wards, including 7 for maternity cases.

28. The accommodation cannot keep pace with the growth in population. Kowloon has considerably more than doubled itself during the last ten years. No patient is turned away for want of room; and in both medical and surgical wards it is common to find two in a bed, and occasionally some sleeping on the floor.

T

€ 17

29. The staff consists of a Chinese Senior Resident Medical Officer whose salary is paid by the Government, and three Junior Medical Officers paid by the Directors.

50. There are also Chinese Herbalists, who practise Chinese Medicine and are paid out of Hospital funds.

31. The patients, on admittance, can choose whether they desire treatment on Western or Chinese lines.

32.

Inpatients.

Western treatment

Chinese

Total

treatment

1932

9,517

2,339

11,856

1933

10,088

3,195

13,283

255.

1932.

33. There were 261 operations, the number for 1932 being

34. There were 4,006 labours as compared with 3,327 in

Still-births numbered 161.

35.

Outpatients.

Western

treatment

1932.........40,537 (including 97,398

gynaecology)

1933...

....40,373

114,627

Chinese

Total

treatment

137,935

154,900

36. There were 1,824 eye cases as compared with 2,520 for the previous year.

37. The number of deaths in hospital was 3,382. As in the Tung Wah, the number of deaths is influenced by many factors, which have nothing to do with the treatment in the hospital.

38. There is a small laboratory where facilities are available for ordinary routine microscopic examination.

39. A children's clinic is held twice a week. The average attendance is 18.

40. There is also an antenatal clinic held once a week in the Maternity Block. The total number of cases treated at this antenatal clinic was 232.

C 18

THE TUNG WAH EASTERN HOSPITAL.

41. This Hospital continues to do very good work. It has served the useful purpose of testifying to the older foundation--- the Tung Wah--what it is possible for a Chinese Hospital to be. Everything is new and clean and it had the advantage of starting fresh in up-to-date buildings.

42. The staff consists of a Chinese Senior Medical Officer whose salary is paid by Government, and two Junior Doctors appointed by the Directors.

43. For the greater part of the year the official number of beds was 254. Actually these numbers were augmented by canvas camp beds where the pressure of cases was heavy. With the camp beds the total number which can be accommodated is at least 300.

44. The hospital is now completed and is a model of what a charity hospital should be, viz., all space occupied without wasting and without overcrowding. Each bed in the general ward has 60 square feet of space only, but such is the plan of ward and the arrangement of the beds that they all have ample lighting and ventilation.

Inpatients.

45.

Western

treatment

Chinese treatment

Total

1932... ..3,278 (including 588

1,872

5,150

maternity)

1933

.3,327 (including 767

maternity)

2,680

6,007

46.

1932

1933

47.

Major Operations under

General Anaesthesia

159

151

Outpatients

Western

Chinese

Total

treatment

treatment

1932

16,012

46,283

62,295

1933

22,211

52,005

74,216

Vaccinations

1932

1933

414

443

C 19

48. The number of children admitted continues to increase. They have a large airy ward to themselves.

49. Two wards have been set aside (one male and one. female) for patients who are able to make some payment but cannot afford a private room. The charge in these wards is $1.40 per day including food and medicine. Each patient can, if he desires, bring in an attendant to help in looking after him.

50. The improvement in the health of the general staff con- tinues and there are no cases now of Malaria. The nurses have mosquito-nets supplied to them and take prophylactic doses of Quinine.

51. Deaths in 1933 numbered 1,166. A large proportion of these died within 24 hours of admission.

52. A ward for the treatment of Opium Addicts has been set aside since June. These patients are mostly business men who find they cannot afford the luxury of opium in these days of depression. They appear to be earnest in their desire for freedom from their handicap. The course of treatment is usually complete within three weeks. So far 177 cases have been dealt with. The Government has been defraying the cost.

The Tung Wah Smallpox Hospital.

53. The Tung Wah Smallpox Hospital, erected in 1902 for the herbal treatment of smallpox cases, consists of six wards arranged in three two-storied blocks and faced by another group of three two-storied blocks intended for staff quarters and for administration purposes.

At a distance and separated by a yard are the kitchens, the servants quarters and the mortuary. The whole is contained in a large compound.

All the blocks are connected by covered ways.

54. This hospital at the time of its construction was con- sidered to have all the requirements necessary for the proper treatment of smallpox cases by Chinese methods.

55. There was room for 60 cases without overcrowding but there was no arrangement for heating the wards and no water carriage system.

56. 137 cases of smallpox were admitted during the year and one case remained in hospital at the end of 1933. There were 78 deaths, giving a case death rate of 57 per cent.

C. 20

57. There is no doubt that this building and the conditions of its work are in many ways unsatisfactory and the Directors of the Tung Wah Hospital have lately made proposals for im- proving the service by installing properly trained nurses, and in other ways bringing it into line with modern methods, so far as the circumstances permit. Nothing, however, has been actually done so far.

THE CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES.

58. The origin of the Chinese Public Dispensaries was a movement made in 1904 by certain leading Chinese citizens, especially Messrs. Fung Wa-chun, Lau Chu-pak and Ho Kom- tong, with the help and encouragement of Mr. A. W. Brewin, then Registrar-General. This movement began in the hope of coping with the scandal of the abandonment of dead bodies in the streets.

59. In 1905 two depots were established, the Western and the Eastern. In immediate charge of each depot was a Chinese doctor qualified in Western medicine who was assisted by an English-speaking clerk.

60. In 1909 the Government gave the movement public sup- port and encouragement and the Committee became the Chinese Public Dispensaries Committee under the Chairmanship of the Registrar-General, now the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

61. It was declared at the time that the work of the depots or dispensaries was not hospital work and that the Chinese doctors employed were simply to diagnose disease and not to treat it. However, treatment centres were needed, and treat- ment, commenced in a small way, gradually developed until now the principal function of the dispensaries is medical relief. But in addition to the ordinary work of the polyclinic and dispensary these institutions serve as depots where the poor may apply for assistance in matters connected with:--

(a) The removal of patients to hospital.

(b) Certification as to the cause of death.

(c) Removal of corpses to mortuaries.

(d) Supply of coffins and arrangements for burial. (e) The registration of births.

(f) Vaccination.

62. It is worthy of note that as far back as 1896 a Com- mission appointed by Government to advise regarding the Medi- cal Department recommended the establishment under Govern- ment control of dispensaries in different parts of Victoria and Kowloon. However, none were built and the Chinese Public Dispensaries to-day occupy the positions which under other cir- cumstances would have been filled by departmental institutions.



C 21

63. There are now nine Chinese Public Dispensaries, five on the island of Hong Kong and four in Kowloon. The two original institutions have Chinese maternity hospitals adjacent to them, the Tsan Yuk Hospital and the Wanchai Maternity Hospital. The Government will take over the entire responsibi- lity of the Tsan Yuk Hospital as from the 1st. January, 1934.

64. Two of the Dispensaries are still housed in rooms attached to temples. Another, that at Aberdeen, consists of two rented shops temporarily adapted for the purpose. Gradually up-to-date buildings are taking the place of the temporary ones. The Dispensaries at Shaukiwan and Wanchai are excellent build- ings of their kind, as are those on the Kowloon side at Yaumati and Kowloon City.

65. This year has been marked by a general increase of patients in the dispensaries. Equipment has been improved and new instruments purchased. Besides instruments for small Lainor operations two of the institutions have their own micros- copes. It is hoped that in the near future all will be provided with microscopes which are very necessary for diagnosing and differentiating the malaria cases which form such a large per- centage of those attending.

66. Sick persons too serious for outpatient treatment were transported to hospitals by means of ambulances.

67. There has been a slight decrease in the patients at Aberdeen. This, however, can be only temporary; and is entirely due to local business conditions.

68. As mentioned before, once a week at each of the Dis- pensaries a gynaecological clinic is held by one of the Govern- ment Lady Medical Officers. In some there are two clinics a week.

69. Situated in the most thickly populated districts they fulfil a most useful purpose, not only in the treatment of disease but also as foci for the spread of knowledge concerning the cause of disease, and as the means of spread of the value of Western drugs and methods both in prevention and cure. During the year very good propaganda work was done by four street orators appointed by the Committee.

70. Last but not least, each dispensary has a room attached to it where dead bodies can be received for transport to the mortuaries preliminary to burial. Coffins are provided free. This does much to prevent the dumping of bodies on the street.

....

C 22

The Wanchai or Eastern Maternity Hospital.

71. This Hospital, which is connected with the Eastern Dis- pensary, is in the charge of a Western-trained Chinese doctor. The total number of beds in 1933 was 31 and the number of ad- missions was 903. There were no maternal deaths, but there were 34 still-births. Since this Hospital was entirely renovated in 1931 it has maintained a high standard of efficiency and has done remarkably good work in a very crowded district.

The Tsan Yuk Maternity Hospital.

72. The Tsan Yuk Maternity Hospital, which is part of the organisation financed and managed by the Chinese Public Dis- pensaries Committee, is situated in the most populous district of the town and next door to the Western Dispensary. Its pro- ximity to the University of Hong Kong has made it a convenient centre for the training of Medical Students. By an arrangement with the Committee the whole of the in-patient work is super- vised by Dr. R. E. Tottenham, Professor of Obstetrics to the University.

73. The total number of beds is 60, of which 45 are reserved for maternity cases and 15 for gynaecological patients.

74. The total number of deliveries was 1,169 (1,252 in 1932) out of a total of 1,282 cases treated. There were five materna! deaths and 52 children were still born.

75. The total number of gynaecological cases treated was 228.

76. There is an out-patient department the clinical work of which is carried out under the supervision of Lady Medical Officers of the Government Medical Department. In addition to the treatment of ordinary gynaecological cases, special clinics are held for ante-natal infant welfare and venereal diseases. These clinics have already been described.

January, 1933,

In the Po Leung Kuk on ist

Admitted during the year,

Total,

ber, 1933, ........................... ...........................

Kuk on the 31st Decem-

Remaining in the Po Leung

:

་་

Table A.

Number of Women, Girls and Children, admitted to the Po Leung. Kuk during the year 1933 and the arrangements made regarding them.

31

N

12

2

53

27

6

3

53

Committed under warrant from the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

Committed under warrant from

the Emigration Office.

Sent to ro Leung

Kuk out of Office hours. Sent with their own consent by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs Sent with their own consent from Singapore and Sandakan.

bent with their own consent by the Police.

Lost Children.

Accompanying parents or

guardians.

Kunaway maid-servants or muitsais

Total.

Released after enquiries.

Released under bond.

Placed in charge of husbands.

Placed in cuarge of parents and relatives

sent to Charitable institutions

in China,

Dent to denool, Convent, or Refuge.

Adopted.

Married. Died.

Cases under consideration.

Total.

...

تن



}

2

39

37

17

12

10

4

23

18

80

595

249

20191 31 19

12

2 | 41

+91 87

82

648

276

5

20 | 200| 32

22 19

99

69

09

+

66 648

595

- C 23

*

RECEIPTS.

Table B.

PO LEUNG KUK

Statement of Receipts and Expenditure from 1st January to 31st December, 1933.

C.

C.

EXPENDITURE.



c.

*A

C: 24

To Balance from previous year, ...

Subscriptions:-

7,241.16

By annual expenses for up-keep of the Po Leung Kuk,

15,453.07

Grant by Hong Kong Govt.

7,000.00

Guilds,

3,229.00

33

Rent from House property.

4, 189.00

Theatres,

500.00

(see Table C),

Balance:

To Current Account,

8,786.84

Yim Fong & A. Fong Photo-

graphers,....

450.00

Yue Lan Celebrations,

1,561.00

Proceeds from sale of handwork

54.61

Miscellaneous

6.08

16,989.69

Interest :-

On Current Account,..

9.06

Totai

24,239.91

Total.

.$

24,239.91

Certified by the Statutory Declaration of Mak Siu Cho and Ho Wah Sang, Members of the Board of Directors.



C.

Table C.

PO LEUNG KUK

Statement showing particulars of expenditure of the elected committee from 1st January to 31st December, 1933.

RECEIPTS.

EXPENDITURE.

115.64

Balance from previous year,

Wages,

Received from Treasurer of the elected com-

Food,

mittee of 1933,

15,453.07

Light and Fire,

3.60

Miscellaneous Receipts,

...

Passage Money,.

18.54

Premium on bank notes,

Printing,

Petty Expenditure,

Stationery,

Telephone,

Water Account,

Crown Rent and Rates,.

Medical Apparatus and Drugs, Repairs,

Miscellaneous,.................

Balance in hand..

Total,........

15,590.85



C.

}

C 25

5,539.40

3,227.30

2,016.12

506.23

26.35

722.30

152.15

129,00

527.65

296.82

......

150.70

32.70

1,886.24

15,212.96

377.89

15,590.85

Total,..

---

C 26

Table I.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE 1932 AND 1933.

Personal Emoluments*

Other Charges.

Conveyance Allowances

Incidental Expenses

1932.

$128,379.93

1933.

$172,348.81

1,337.05

1,763.39

986.83

1,069.38

176.73

139.93

Library

Total Personal Emoluments and

Other Charges

$130,880.54

$175,321.51

*Includes Officers of Cadet, S.C. & A. and J.C. Services.

Table II.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE 1932 AND 1933.

1932.

1933.

Licences and Internal Revenue

not otherwise specified.

Chinese Boarding House Licences

$15,996.33

$14,453.33

Emigration Passage Broker Licences...

1,000.00

1,200.00

Forfeitures

10.00

Fees of Court or Office.

Certificates to Chinese Proceeding

to Foreign Countries

150.00

600.00

Miscellaneous

8.00

13.00

Official Signatures

115.00

75.00

Miscellaneous Receipts.

Condemned Stores

14.70

6.27

Other Miscellaneous Receipts

50.00

Total

.$17,344.03

$16,347.60

C 27

Table III.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE FOR

LAST TEN YEARS.

Year.

*Personal®

Emoluments

Special

Total

Total - Revenue.

and Other Expenditure. Expenditure. Charges.

1924...... 57,173,08

57,173.08

18,716.08

1925...... 67,184.59

67,184.59

15,741.94

1926...... 68,496.98

68,496.98 19,740.62

1927...... 76,979.90

120.00

77,099.90 22,318.25

:

1928...... 73,738.41

73,738.41

20,040.53

1929...... 78,121.08

78,121.08

16,829-36-16828.36

1930...... 130,279.41

130,279.41

20,176.06

1931...... 135,424.29

135,424.29

18,771.59

1932...... 130,880.54

130,880.54 17,344.03

1933...... 175,321.51

175,321.51

16,347.60

Includes officers of Cadet, S. C. & A., & J. C. Services attached

to department."

€ 28

Table IV.

Number of Female Passengers and Boys examined and passed before the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under

"The Asiatic Emigration Ordinance, 1915", during the year 1933.

Women and Children 1933.

Total Women

and Children

Women.

Girls.

Boys.

Total.

1932.

Macassar

136

27

59

222

332

Straits Settlements and

F.M.S.

5,376

962

1,186

7,524

6,793

Dutch Indies

207

74

106

387

295

Belawan Deli

188

69

64

321

317

British North Borneo

343

81

133

557

237

Honolulu

121

41

52

214

. 237

United States of America..

106

35

138

279

388

South America

58

14

9

$1

19

Mauritius and Tunion.....

72

3

25

100

123

Australia

1

8

9

20

India

80

13

31

124

174

South Africa

6

1

2

9

8

Vancouver

57

13

52

122

178

Batavia

1,000

174

419

1,593

1,723

Sourabaya

185

34

79

298

298

Rangoon

101

34

68

203

207

Billiton

1

2

3

Victoria

8

4

17

29

18

Seattle

33

14

68

115

115

8,079

1,593

2,518

12,190

11,482

1

C.29

Table V.

NUMBER OF ASSISTED EMIGRANTS,

Rejected.

Year.

Examined. Passed.

Rejected Rejected

Un- willing.

Total Percentage

at

by S.C.A. Doctor.

Rejected.

of Rejection.

1932,

2,017 1,890

1

* 120

6

127

6.3

1933,

474

459 Nil

Nil

Nil

15

3.16

*This number includes those who failed to appear for the final examination.

TREATMENT OF REJECTED EMIGRANTS FOR 1933.

Rejected by Doctor and sent back to boarding houses to be

cured:

...Nil.

Native Districts of Assisted Emigrants Passed.

West River

71

East River

21

North River

14

Canton

2

Delta

..337

Kwong Sai

1

Southern Districts

12

Foochow

*

Total

.459

C 30

Table V,-Continued.

Destinations of Assisted Emigrants.

Whither bound.

Male Assisted Emigrants.

1932,

1933.

Dutch Indies :-

Muntok

.1,263

Singkep

Belawan Deli

2

Samoa

Kenya

Solomon Islands

1

2 2

Ocean Island

163

156

Nauru

448

283

Mombassa

4

Sydney

5

10

Melbourne

4

New Hebrides

3

Total

.1,890

459

Classification of the Assisted Emigrants examined, according to the language spoken gives the following figures:

Cantonese

Hakka

Hoklo

Total

Table VI.

312

145

2

459

Chinese boarding house licence returns under the Boarding House Ordinance No. 23 of 1917.

Class.

I II IV V VI VII Total

No. in existence at

beginning of 1933 ......2

58 2 219 301 87......669

No. in existence at end of 1933

.1

56

2 189 276

81......605

:

C 31

Table VII.

Statement of the Receipts and Expenditure relative to the Hong Kong District

Watchmen Fund for the year 1933.

Receipts.

Expenditure.

C.

C.

C.

Wages and Salaries :-

To Balance,

132,770,36

Chief District Watchmen,

2,946.67

Assistant Chief District Watch-

""

Contributions, (Victoria $51,349.70

men,........

2,630.00

Detectives,

..10,674.00

plus Kowloon $17,615,83).........

68,965,53

1st Class District Watchmen,.

8,010.03

2nd

17,644,06

"

לי

}}

Grant by Hong Kong Government,...

2,000.00

3rd

1,418.07

11

""

43,322.83

">

Payment to District Watchmen for

Miscellaneous :-

Special Services,

2,289.00

Cooks,........

Coolies,

Fines,......

243.00

Messenger,

1,104.00

840.00

96.00

2,040.00

"

House Rents,

996.00

Office Staff:-

Manager,

Rent of s.s. 2 of Section A on I.L.

Collectors,

180.00

1,176.00

*

1,356,00

680 (West Point D.W. Quar- ters),

4.00

Total,.

46,718.83

99

Sales of unserviceable stores

20.00

Other Charges :-

Allowance to Detectives,

2,023.81

,, Interest on Hong Kong Government Public Works 6% Loan,

Medal Allowance,

1,130.00

1,710.00

Rent Allowance,

2,306.17

Conservancy Allowance,...

54.00

Interest on Fixed Deposits...

1,200.00

Coolie Hire and Conveyance Allowance,

1,073.31

Electric Charges,

938.58

Interest on Current Account,

879,73

Rents of Telephone,

583.11

19

Stationery and Printing,

580.61

Uniforms and Equipments,.

3,021.67

Furniture,

16.00

Repairs and Fittings,

384.50

Crown Rent,

15.74

Premium on Fire Policy

426.84

Gratuities and Rewards,

3,650.00

Sundries,

880.67

17,085.01

Pensions:-

Ex. C.D.W. Tsui Cheuk and others,....

3,936.00

Total Expenditure,.......

67,739.84

:

Total,

Balance:

211,077.62

Furniture,

16.00

Repairs and Fittings,

384.50

Crown Rent,

15.74

Premium on Fire Policy

426.84

Gratuities and Rewards,

3,650.00

Sundries,

880.67

17,085.01

Pensions-

Ex. C.D.W. Tsui Cheuk and others,.

3,936.00

Total Expenditure,.....................

67,739.84

143,337.78

Balance,

Total,

211,077.62

Hong Kong Government 4% Conversion Loan,$38,000,00

Cash $

Fixed Deposits

Advance to C.D.Ws.

Fixed Deposits

Total,..

65,177.78

10,000.00

best

160.00

30,000.00

A. E. WOOD,

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

KENNETH KEEN,

Asst Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

KO CHUNG WOON,

Manager, D. W.F.

Hong Kong, 31st December, 1933.

143,337.78

Examined and found correct.

泉右李

WONG TAK KWONG Member of

District Watchmen Committee.

Receipts.

Ɑ 32 -

Table VIII.

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL.

CASH ACCOUNT 1933.

$

Payments.



C.

Cash account from last year:— Tung Wah Hospital account... Tung Wah Eastern Hospital.. Kwong Wah Hospital.

$183,912.28

Debit balance due by Po Leung Kuk Re-building

80,641.71

38,995.68

Do.

Emergency Fund....

96,292.38

Fund from last year Land Purchasing Fund from last year

$ 3,202.25

Maternity Hospital

4,338.56

Current account with Kwong Wah Hospital

190,408.89

90,516.30

...

Man Mo Temple

1,250.55

Do.

Tung Wah Eastern

$405,431.36

Hospital

Current account with Tung Wah Eastern

Do.

Man Mo Temple

122,031.78

35,932.31

Hospital

116,191.13

Do.

Emergency Fund

196.10

Current account with Kwong Wah Hospital

72,250.24

Do.

Maternity Hospital

4,047.50

Do.

San Mi Year Land

Do.

Man Mo Temple

34,539.27

Do.

Maternity Hospital

3,657.86

Do.

Purchasing Fund... Po Leung Kuk Site

37,110.69

Do.

Emergency Fund

2,311.08

Re-building Fund...

85,291.96

Do.

Po Leung Kuk Site

Do.

Tung Wah Hospital

Re-building Fund...

4,154.00

Re-building Fund...

105,717.72

Do.

San Mi Year Land

Provisions for staff

18,023.46

Purchasing Fund...

15,140.55

Salaries for staff

60,903.92

Do.

Tung Wah Hospital

Provisions for sickroom & destitute persons

30,150.68

Re-building Fund...

154,475.00

Sick room sundries

16,356.36

Rents from House property

99,271.33

Hospital and destitute persons sundries

7,579.97

Subscriptions collected from steamers

1,694.86

Chinese drugs

27,842.68

Annual subscriptions of Hongs

8,396.50

Western drugs

16,728.24

Annual subscriptions from wealthy persons

7,100.00

Repairs

4,217.03

Subscriptions and donations

4,689.00

Destitutes and Patients' passages

965.17

Subscriptions from charitable persons

15,508.97

Repairs to landed property and water supplied.

2,895.75

Special contributions for supply of medicines,

Lights

12,074.65

quilted clothing, coffins and shrouds

3,079.20

Insurance

647.15

Government Grants

8,000.00

Crown rent and taxes

17,448.61

Government Grants for coffins

10,000.00

Grant to Old Men's Asylum, Kowloon

200.00

Amount received from Government on account

Sundries for coffin home and burial ground

88.20

of Western medicines

2,500.00

Small-pox Hospital expenses

1,262.31

Grant from Man Mo Temple

2,500.00

Stamps and stationery.....

3,686.63

Contributions from Theatres

1,520.00

Grant to Tung Wah Eastern Hospital

10,000.00

Subscriptions from coffin home

2,220.00

Grant to Fong Pin Hospital, Canton

1,000.00

Interest on loans and deposits

21,650.18

Premium on notes and discount on goods



Burial of bodies by Tung Wah Hospital Burial of bodies by Government Mortuary

-SŁm

3,066.35

2,044.24

7 229 67

Dubscriptions from enaritable persCUS

Special contributions for supply of medicines, quilted clothing, coffins and shrouds

10,000.VI

Lights

LU fanucu propuloy an water suppneu.

3,079.20

Insurance

My UUU, TU

12,074.65

647.15

Government Grants

8,000.00

Crown rent and taxes

17,448.61

Government Grants for coffins

10,000.00

Grant to Old Men's Asylum, Kowloon

200.00

Amount received from Government on account

Sundries for coffin home and burial ground

88.20

of Western medicines

2,500.00

Small-pox Hospital expenses

1,262.31

Grant from Man Mo Temple

2,500.00

Stamps and stationery

3,686.63

Contributions from Theatres

1,520.00

Grant to Tung Wah Eastern Hospital

10,000.00

Subscriptions from coffin home

2,220.00

Grant to Fong Pin Hospital, Canton

1,000.00

Interest on loans and deposits

21,650.18

Burial of bodies by Tung Wah Hospital

3,066.35

Premium on notes and discount on goods

Burial of bodies by Government Mortuary

2,044.24

purchased

1,365.83

Interest on deposits

7,229.67

Fees from Patients

6,490.25

Rent from Coffin home

15,792.00

Coffins for bodies buried by Tung Wah Hospital Coffins for bodies buried by Government

4,979.90

Sale of medicine and kitchen refuse, boat-hire

Mortuary

4,074.46

and rent from ambulance

17,907.45

Rent from Yat Pit Ting and Wing Pit Ting

1,640.00

BALANCE

113,354.08

Rent from iron burner

1,344.00

Receipts for meals supplied to returned

454.95

emigrants

Total

$1,041,275.01

Total

$1,041,275.01

The balance of $113,354.08 consists of the following credit balances: ---

Tung Wah Hospital

Tung Wah Eastern Hospital

Kwong Wah Hospital

Emergency Fund

Maternity Hospital

Tung Wah Hospital Re-building Fund

$163,571.37

74,801.06

20,729.82

98,407.36

3,948.92

48,757.28

$410,215.81

from which must be deducted the following debit balances :·

San Mi Year Land Purchasing Fund... $212,379.03 Po Leung Kuk Site Re-building Fund Man Mo Temple

84,340.21

142 49

296,861.73

Hong Kong, 6th March, 1934.

$113,354.08

Audited and Translated by

(Sgd.) LI TUNG, Auditor.

羅玉堂

才堂

簡達才

Directors.

INCOME.

C 33

Table IX.

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL

INCOME AND EXPENDITURE ACCOUNT 1933.

$

C.

EXPENDITURE.



C.

Funds brought forward from 1932.

$183,912.28

MAINTENANCE

Provisions:-

Food for staff

$18,023.46

ORDINARY

Food for sick-room & destitute persons

30,150.68

Subscriptions:-

$ 48,174.14

Annual subscriptions from Hongs $ 8,396.50

Surgery and Dispensary :-

Subscriptions collected on

Chinese drugs

$27,842.68

steamers

1,694.86

Western drugs

16,728.24

Subscriptions from charitable

44,570.92

persons

15,508.97

Establishments :----

Subscriptions from wealthy

Lights

$12,074.65

persons

7,100.00

Insurance

647.15

Subscriptions and donations

4,689.00

Repairs

4,217.03

37,389.33

Repairs to hospital property...

2,895.75

Grants

Government

$ 8,000.00

Sick room expenses

16,356.36

Government for coffins

10,000.00

Small pox hospital expenses

1,262.31

Coffin home and burying

Government for western medicine

2,500.00

ground expenses

88.20

Man Mo Temple

2,500.00

Crown rent and taxes

17,448.61

23,000.00

54,990.06

Special contributions:-

Salaries, wages, &c.:-

From coffin Home

From Theatres

$ 2,220.00

1,520.00

Staff salaries

$60,903.92

Sundries

7,579.97

For supply of medicines, quilted clothing, coffins & shrouds....

68,483.89

3,079.20

Appeals, grants, &c. :-

6,819.20

Investments:-

Destitutes & Patients' passages.. $ 965.17 Tung Wah Eastern Hospital......

10,000.00

Rents from house property

$99,271.33

Rents from coffin home

15,792.00

Old Men's Asylum, Kowloon ... Fong Pin Hospital, Canton

200.00

1,000.00

Rents from Yat Pit Ting and

12,165.17

Wing Pit Ting

1,640.00

Miscellaneous:

Rents from iron burner

1,344.00

Stationery, &c.

$ 3,686.63

Interest

21,650.18

Burial of bodies by Tung

139,697.51

Wah Hospital

3,066.35

Other Receipts:—

Coffins for bodies buried by Tung

Premium on notes & discount

Wah Hospital

4,979.90

cords nusa.

1



Rents from house property

$99,271.33

Lung

wan Eastern Hospital.........

10,000.00

Rents from coffin home

15,792.00

Old Men's Asylum, Kowloon

Fong Pin Hospital, Canton ...........

200.00

1,000.00

Rents from Yat Pit Ting and Wing Pit Ting

12,165.17

1,640.00

Miscellaneous:

Rents from iron burner

Interest

Other Receipts:-

on goods purchased

1,344.00

21,650.18

Stationery, &c.

$3,686.63

Burial of bodies by Tung

139,697.51

Wah Hospital

3,066.35

Coffins for bodies buried by Tung

Premium on notes & discount

Wah Hospital

4,979.90

Fees from Patients

$ 1,365.83

6,490.25

Burial of bodies by Government

Mortuary

2,044.24

Sale of medicines, kitchen

Coffins for bodies buried by

refuse, boat-hire & rent from red cross ambulance

Government Hospital

4,074.46

17,907.45

Interest on Deposits

7,229.67

25,763.53

25,081.25

EXTRAORDINARY

Receipts for meals supplied to returned emigrants

454.95

BALANCE

Total

Hong Kong, 6th March, 1934.

$417,036.80

Total

163,571.37

$417,036.80

Audited and Translated by

簡羅

玉堂

LI TUNG,

Auditor.

Directors.

Dr.

}

Table X

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL

STATEMENT OF CURRENT ACCOUNTS &c.

Kwong Wah Hospital Current Account.

To withdrawn during 1933

Balance

$ 90,516.30

20,729.82

By Balance from last year

>>

Deposits during 1933

$ 111,246.12

Cr.

$ 38,995.88

72,250.24

$111,246.12

C 34

Dr.

Man Mo Temple Current Account.

Cr.

To withdrawn during 1933

$ 35,932.31

By Balance from last year's account......

$

1,250.55

Deposits during 1933

34,539.27

Balance

142.49

}}

$ 35,932.31

$ 35,932.31



Dr.

Table X-Continued

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL

STATEMENT OF CURRENT ACCOUNTS &c.

Emergency Fund Current Account.

Cr.

To withdrawn during 1933

Balance

55

$ 196.10 By Balance from last year's account......$ 96,292.38

98,407.36

$ 98,603.46

Interest received

2,311.08

$ 98,603.46

· Dr.

Maternity Hospital Current Account.

Cr.

To withdrawn during 1933

$ 4,047.50

By Balance from last year's account......$

4,338.56

Balance

""

3,948.92

Deposits during 1933

3,657.86

$

7,996.42

$ 7,996.42

--

35

$

..

Dr.

To withdrawn during 1933

Balance

Table X-Continued

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL

STATEMENT OF CURRENT ACCOUNTS &c.

Tung Wah Eastern Hospital Current Account.

Cr.

$ 122,031.78

74,801.06

$196,832.84

By Balance from last year's account.

$ 80,641.71

"}

Deposits during 1933

116,191.13

$196,832.84

$ 190,408.89

37,110.09

By Receipts during 1933.

Balance

$ 227,519.58

Dr.

To Balance from last year's account

San Mi Land Purchasing Fund.

"

Payments during 1933

*A

-

36

Cr.

$ 15,140.55

212,379.03

$ 227,519.58

1

:

Cr.

4,154.00

84,340.21

$ 88,494.21

Dr.

To Balance from last year's account Payments during 1933

""

Table X-Continued.

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL

STATEMENT OF CURRENT ACCOUNTS &c.

Po Leung Kuk Site Re-Building Fund.

85,291.96

$ 3,202.25 By Rents received during 1933

$

Balance

"}

$ 88,494,21

C 37

1.

Dr.

To payments during 1933 Balance.

Tung Wah Hospital Re-Building Fund.

Cr.

$ 105,717.72 By Subscriptions from Charitable persons., $ 154,475.00 48,757,28

$ 154,475.00

Audited and Translated by (Sgd.) LI TUNG,--Auditor.

$ 154,475.00

Hong Kong, 6th March, 1934.

{

羅玉堂 Directors.

簡達才

Table XI.

TUNG WAH EASTERN HOSPITAL CASH ACCOUNT 1933.

RECEIPTS.

PAYMENTS.

Balance from last year's account,...

81,591.74

Balance with Tung Wah Hospital at end of last year.... Balance of Fund for Building of two Wings at end of

80,641.71

Balance left with Tung Wah Hospital at end of last year,

last year,

2,172.91

Current account with Tung Wah Hospital,

122,031.78

Current account with Tung Wah Hospital,.

Balace of Fund for Building of two Wings at end of last year,

80,641.71

2,172.94

116,191.13

Grant from Tung Wah Hospital,

10,000.00

Government Grant,

25.000 00

Government Grant for Western Medicine,

2,500.00

Government Grant for Opium Relief,

Grant from Chinese Temples,

Subscriptions from wealthy persons,

"

**

Interest on loans and deposits,.

Fees from Patients and rents of rooms,

560.50

Salaries to staff,

Provisions for staff,

Sundry expenses for sickroom,

29,226.50

8,017.21

sick room,

13,724.29

5,219.87

17,000.00

,

hospital,..

4,668.00

...

100.00

Chinese medicine,

16,796.59

...

charitable persons,

35,311,94

Western medicine,..

9,551.82

5,286.00

Repairs &c.,.......................

...

6,640.42

.....

7,622.28

Lights,

6,104.85

Rents from landed property,

2,275.60

Crown rent,

1.00

Subscriptions towards erection of the two Wings Fund,. Transfer balance of erection of two Wings Fund, Premium on notes and discount on goods purchased, . Sale of kitchen refuse, patients' ricksha hire, &c., Compensation received from various (1933), directors in regard to Tsoi Chun Son absconded,

8,525.70

Stationery, Stamps and Advertisement,

3,111.38

Coffins,.....

832.03

Burial expenses.

2,913.58

3,272,56

416.00

Q

C 38

4,689.95

Water account,

1,948.75

Coal....

3,458.60

...

10,032.38

Building expenses for the two Wings,

6,352.76

Sundry expenses for branch establishment for giving free medical advice and free medicine, Porcelain portraits of subscribers of sums of $500.00 or

10,611.85

over,

71.75

Tsoi Chun Son absconded, Balance in hand,

... ....

10,032.38

.....

81,221.37

Hong Kong, 6th March, 1934,

$ 419,285.93

$ 419,285.93

Audited and Translated from Chinese Accounts Statements.

(Sgd.) LI TUNG, Auditor.

簡羅

達才



> Directors.

Table XII.

THE TUNG WAH EASTERN HOSPITAL Income and Expenditure Account 1933.

INCOME.

EXPENDITURE.

39

Account brought forward from 1932

$164,406.39

ORDINARY.

Maintenance :-

ORDINARY.

Subscriptions from wealthy persons...........

"

Provisions for staff

$8,017.21

sick room..

13,724.29

$ 21.741.50



$ 100.00

from charitable persons... 35,311.94

Surgery and Dispensary :-

35,411.94

Chinese drugs

16,796,59

Grants :-

Western drugs

9,551.82

26,348,41

Government

25,000.00

for Western medicine

2,500.00

""

Establishments :-

for Opium Relief

560.50

Light

6,104.85

Grant from Tung Wah Hospital

10,000.00

Repairs, &c.

6,640.42

Chinese temples

17,000.00

Sick room expenses

5,219.87

Transfer from Balance of Subscription

Crown rent

1.00

17,966.11

Fund of Erection of two wings,

...

3,111.38

58,171.88

Salaries, &c.—

Investments:-

Staff salaries

29,226.50

Interest

5.286.00

Hospital sundries..

4,668.00

33,894,50

Rents

2,275.60

7,561.60

Miscellaneous :-

Other Receipts:-

Stationery, stamps and advertisements

2,943.58

Fees from patients and rent of rooms ... 7,622.28

Coffins...

3,272.56

Premium on notes and discount on

Water

1,948.75

goods purchased

832.03

Burial expenses....................................

416.00

Sale of kitchen refuse and patients'

Coal.

3,458.60

ricksha-hire. &c.

4,689.95

13,144.26

Porcelain portraits of subscribers of $500 or over

71.75

12,111.24

Branch Establishment for giving free medical

advice and medicine

Balance

$ 278,696.07

10,611.85

156,022.43

$ 278,696.07

Table XII,-Continued.

Dr.

To Balance brought forward from 1932

TUNG WAH EASTERN HOSPITAL In Account with Tung Wah Hospital.

ཟ.

Amount paid Tung Wah Hospital in 1933

$ 80,641.71

116.191.13

Cr.

By Amount received from Tung Wah Hospital in 1933]$ 122,031.78 Balance in Tung Wah Hospital

74.801.06

Total

$196,832.84

$196,832 84

Dr.

TUNG WAH EASTERN HOSPITAL

In Account with the Fund for Building the Two Wings.

To Balance brought forward from 1932

Cr.

2,172 94

By subscriptions received during 1933

$

8,525.70

21

Amount paid for Building Works in 1933

6,352 76

8,525.70

8,525.70

40

J

Dr.

To Cash absconded

Table XII,-Continued.

TSOI CHUN SON ACCOUNT.

10,032 38 By compensation received from various (1933) Directors,

10,032.38

FINANCIAL POSITION OF THE TUNG WAH EASTERN HOSPITAL.

Cash balance as per Cash account

Credit balance with Tung Wah Hospital

Audited and Translated from Chinese Account Statements.

Hong Kong, 6th March, 1933.

LI TUNG, Auditor.

+

Cr.

10,032 38

10,032.38

81,221.37

74,801.06

$-156,022.43

羅簡

玉達 Directors.

堂才

C 41-

RECEIPTS.

C 42

Table XIII.

KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.

Cash Account 1933.



C.

PAYMENTS.

es

c.

I

Balance brought forward from previous year

4,415.07

Current account with Tung Wah Hospital

Government Grant

8,500.00

Salaries for Hospital staff..

72,250.24 29,869.27

Government Special Donation

25,000.00

Provisions for staff..

10,888.37

Government Donation for Western drugs

2,500.00

Hospital sundries

4,213.35

Government Donation for giving free coffins...

7,000.00

Provisions for patients

18,021.64

Current account with Tung Wah Hospital.. Subscriptions from charitable persons and yearly

90,516.30

Sick room expenses

Charcoal

subscriptions

22,245.90

Chinese drugs

Subscriptions from Ko Shing, Lee and Po Hing

Theatres

Western drugs..

2,426.00

Lights

Donations from A Fong & Yim Fong Photographers Donations from Old Yaumati Chinese Public Dis-

450.00

Telephone rent

pensary

*******

3,773.60

Stationery, stamps and advertisements Water

3,654.16

915.71 19,529.21 15,734.42 8,382.02 486.60 2,360.54 524.25

Sale of Chinese medicine

549.15

Furniture and repairs

5,225.14

Miscellaneous income

1,285.72

Coffins

8,100.88

Payments by in-patients and for drugs

15,482.58

Burial of bodies from Hospital Mortuary

839.95

Amount transferred from Free Chinese Drugs

Special Fund to Income & Expenditure A/C ... Amount received from Hung Shing Temple

Burial of bodies from Old Men's Asylum..

25.90

11,372,28

Burial of bodies from Yaumati Public Mortuary...

543.40

Grave stones

409.60

Account

1,645 00

Crown rent

14.00

A mount received from Shui Yuct Kung Account Rent from temple and wharf

4,358.66

Temples accounts

7,701.26

17,343 79

Bedding and clothing for patients.

798.19

Rent from Ambulance and iron burner

2,213 00

l'aid in connection with Maternity Hospital

7,055.08

Interest and house rent collected in respect of Free

Chinese Drugs Special Fund........

Donation property Rent collection Fund

611.98

13,451.56

Paid in connection with Ambulance.

397.10

Donation property Rent collection Fund

Various deposits received

Cost of meals supplied to nurses

611.98

Building work in connection with Operating

2,035.00

Room & Segregation Room.....

183.45

2,785.00

Amount paid on account of Free Chinese Drugs

Special Fund...

13.451.56

Western Medicine utensils

237.65

Surgical Instruments

€37.40

Various deposits returned Balance

2,527.60

4,370.67

Hong Kong, 6th March, 1934.

$ 239,960.59

:

Audited and Translated by

(Sgd.) LI TUNG, Auditor.

羅玉堂)

簡達才厂

$239,960.59

Directors.

INCOME.

- C 43

Table XIV.

KWONG WAH HOSPITAL

Income and Expenditure Account 1933.

EXPENDITURE.

C.

Balance from previous account including $1,252.76 advanced for building of Hung Shing Temple,.......

C.

32,306,05

A. MAINTENANCE.

A.-ORDINARY.

Provisions:-

Staff. Patients..

..$10,888.37 18,021.64

28,910.01

Payment for meals supplied to nurses,

2,785,00

Dispensary:-

To amount transferred from Free Chinese Drugs

Chinese drugs,

19,529.21

Special Fund,

11,372,28

Western drugs,

15,734.42

Rent from Temple and Wharf,

17,343.79

35,263.63

Rent from ambulance and iron burner,

2,213.00

Establishments :--

Government Grant (General),

.$ 8,500.00

Lights,

8.382.02

do.

for Western drugs,...

2,500.00

Furniture and repairs.

5,225.14

do.

for free coffins,

7,000.00

Sick room expenses,.

3.654.16

18,000,00

Charcoal,

915.71

Subscriptions :---

Telephone rent,..

486.60

Charitable persons,

22,245.90

Water,

524.25

Entertainments:-

Sundries,

4.213.35

Ko Shing, Lee and Po Hing Theatres,.

2,426.00

Crown rent,

14.00

Donations:-

Western Medicine utensils,.

237.65

A Fong and Yim Fong Photographers, Old Yaumati Public Dispensary,

450.00

Surgical Instruments,....

637.40

3,773.60

Bedding and clothing for patients,

798.19

4,223.60

25,088.47

Patients Payments :-

Salaries :-

In and Out Patients,

Hospital staff,

29,869.27

Chinese drugs sold,

549.15

16,031.73

Other receipts :-

MISCELLANEOUS.

Miscellaneous income,......

1,285.72

Stationery, stamps & advertisements,

2,360.54

Coffins,

8,100 88

B.-EXTRAORDINARY.

Burial of bodies,

839.95

Burial of bodies from Yaumati,.

543.40

Donations:-

Burial of bodies from Old Men's

Government Special donation,

25,000.00

Asylum,

25.90

Grave stones,

409.60

Payments in connection with am-

bulance

397.10

12,677.37

Balance,

23,421.32

$ 155,233.07

$ 155,233.07

Hong Kong, 6th March, 1934.

Audited and Translated by

(Sgd.) LI TUNG, Auditor.

羅玉堂)

Directors.

簡達才

Dr.

Table XV.

FINANCIAL POSITION OF THE KWONG WAH HOSPITAL 1933.

Free Chinese Drugs Special Fund deposited with Tung Wah Hospital.

Amount left deposited with Tung Wah Hospital at end of 1932,

Subscriptions from charitable persons,

Interest,

Rents,

$

64,761,80

c.

Crown rent and taxes,.

Repairs,........

300.00

Rent collector's remuneration,

3,638.66

Sundry expenses,

9,512.90

Transferred to Kwong Wah Hospital for free gift of Chinese Medicine,. Balance,.....

Dr.

$ 78,213.36

Tung Wah Hospital Current Account.

Amount deposited with Tung Wah Hospital at end of 1932,

Amount paid to Tung Wah Hospital during 1933,

Cr.

$

C.

1,470.28

303.70

270.00

35.30

11,372.28

64,761.80

$ 78,213.36

Cr.

$

$

C.

38,995.88

72,250.24

$111,246.12

Amount received from Tung Wah Hospital,....... Balance with Tung Wah Hospital at end of 1933,

90,516.30

20,729.82

$111,246.12

C 44

Dr.

Transferred to Kwong Wah Hospital Sundry Expenses

Table XV,-Continued.

HUNG SHING TEMPLE ACCOUNT,

$

$

1,919.70

115.30

Balance of last year's account Rent received from temple keeper

2,035.00

Dr.

MATERNITY HOSPITAL FUND.



Cr.

390.00

1,645.00

2,035.00

Cr.

Transferred to Kwong Wah Hospital

$

7,055.08 Balance of last year's account.

$

D".

SHUI YUET KUNG ACCOUNT.

7,055.08

Cr.

Transferred to Kwong Wah Hospital Sundry Expenses

$

5,651.06

15.20

Balance from last year's account

$

5,666.26

Rent received from temple keeper

$ 1,307.60

4,358.66

5,666.26

Audited and Translated by

Hongkong, 6th March, 1934.

(Sgd.) LI TUNG, Auditor.

羅玉堂 Directors. 簡達才

Dr.

Table XVI.

KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.

Fund for Building Operation Room and Segregation Room.

Porcelain Portraits of Subscribers

Balance

Dr.

$

183.45 Balance from last year's account 473.93

657.38

Donation Property Rent Collection Fund.

Crown Rent and Rates

Legal Expenses and Stamps

Subscription to Yan Oi Hospital, Ching Shan.

Transferred to Kwong Wah Hospital.

Sundry Expenses

$

$

127.44

Amount of Rent received

271.00

70.00

89.04

54.50

611.98

$

69

$

Cr.

657.38

657.38

Cr.

611.98

$ 611.98

C 46

Dr.

Table XVI,-Continued.

KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.

Various Deposits Account.

Cr.

Deposit refunded Shung Shing Tong

$

520,00

Balance from last year's account

$ 2,947.60

""

Hop Hing ......

""

>>

Yuen Ping Luen

1,307.60

700.00

Deposit from Shung Shing Tong Yan Kee

460.00

1

99

Hop Hing Ming Kee

1,575.00

Balance

2,455,00

$ 4,982.60

$ 4,992.60

Table XVI,-Continued.

KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.

Balance Sheet at 31st December, 1933.

Liabilities.

Fund for rebuilding Operation Room and Segrega- tion Room in cash with Kwong Wah Hospital. Various deposits with Kwong Wah Hospital Chinese drugs Special Fund in cash with Kwong Wah Hospital.

Balance



Hong Kong, 6th March, 1934.

Assets.

473.93

2,455.00

Kwong Wah Hospital General Fund in cash... $ 4.370.67 Kwong Wah Hospital General Fund deposited with Tung Wah Hospital

20,729.82

64.761.80

Free Chinese Drugs Special Fund deposited with Tung Wah Hospital

64,761.80

23,424.32

Debit balance due by Hung Shing Temple Reconstruction Fund..

1,252.76

$ 91,115.05

Audited and Translated by

$ 91,115.05

(Sgd.) LI TUNG, Auditor.

羅玉堂

簡達才

Directors.



t

Č

Table XVII.

The following table shows the comparative expenditure under certain headings at Tung Wah Hospital, Kwong Wah Hospital and Tung Wah Eastern Hospital during 1933. (For full details of income and expenditure see Tables IX, XII and XIV).

Hospital.

Salaries and wages.

Food for staff and

Western Chinese Medicine. Medicine.

patients.

Tung Wah Hospital

60,903.92

48,174.14 16,728.24 27,842.68

Kwong Wah Hospital

29,869.27

28,910.01

15,734.42 19,529.21

Tung Wah

Eastern

Hospital

29,226.50 21,741.50 9,551.82 25,014.37

Total......$ 119,999.69 98,825.65 42,014.48 72,386.26

+

Table XVIII.

The following table shows the comparative numbers of cases treated at Tung Wah Hospital, Kwong Wah Hospital and Tung Wah Eastern Hospital during the year 1933.

Western Medicine.

Chinese Medicine.

Mater-

Vaccinat- Eye

Hospitals.

nity

ions

Clinic

Baby

Clinic

Deaths.

Cases.

In-

patients.

Out- In- patients. patients.

Out-

patients.

Tung Wah Hospital

5,588 28,433

4,491

179,821

1,600

2,566

12,540

1,270

2,249

Kwong Wah Hospital

10,088

40,373

3,195

114,627

4,006

2,323

1,824

*

3,382

Tung Wah Eastern Hospital

3,327

22,211

2,680

52,005

767

443

1,166

Total

19,003 91,017 10,366

346,453

6,373

5,332

14,364

6,797

@ 50

* This Clinic was dropped for a time. It has been revived, and is doing well; the average attendance twice a week

was 18.

K

Table XIX.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of Man Mo Temple Fund Account, 1933.

Receipts.

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

Ć 51 —

$

C.

To Balance from account 1932.

1,250.55

By Donation to Tung Wah Hospital

2,500.00

,, Rent of Temple property

17,255.00

Expenses of Free School

25,806.34

""

Rent from temple keeper......

8,005.80

""

Repairs to properties and Schools

1,368.77

"

Government grant to schools

7,500.00

Police rates, Crown rent and Insurance

""

premium

3,359.37

""

Miscellaneous receipts

278.47

Water Rates

1,557.68

Amount received from the Hung Shing Temple Fund.......

1,500.00

""

Miscellaneous payments

1,340.15

33

Amount overdrawn in 1933

142.49

Total,.

35,932.31

Total,.

35,932,31

Table XX.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of Emergency Fund Account 1933.

Receipts.

Balance from account 1932

Interest on deposits

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

$

C.

96,292.38

Passage money for destitutes

196.10

2,311.08

Balance

98,407.36

Total,

$ 98,603.46

Total,.

98,603.46

C 52

*

Table XXI.

Summary of Receipts and Payments of Tsan Yuk Maternity Hospital for 1933.

Receipts.

To Balance brought forward from 1932

""

Rent of Hospital Property.

35

Interest on deposits

Amount.

Expenditure.

Amount.

$

C.

c.

4,338.56

3,553.70

By Repairs to properties and water rates.

181.10

19

Crown rent, police rates & Insurance.

666.40

104.16

""

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs, rent for the four quarters, 1933

3,200.00

""

Balance,

3,948.92

Total,

7,996.42

Total,

7,996.42

53

Revenue.

- C 54

**

Table XXII.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE OF THE BREWIN CHARITY DURING THE YEAR 1933.

Amount.

Expenditure.

Amount.

$

C.

$

c.

"

>>

""

""

To Balance from 1932....

21

Subscription from Directors Tung Wah

Hospital

Subscription from Committee Po Leung Kuk Subscription from Mr. Lau Yuk Wan being

refund of auditor's fee...

Interest from Mr. Lo Luk for mortgage

Interest from Mr. Kan Iu Cho for mortgage.. Interest from Mr. U Nga Ping for mortgage. Interest from Mr. Chan Tsat for mortgage Interest from Mr. Li Sze Ngai for mortgage.. Interest from Mr. Lau Yung Yan for

mortgage

190,792.35

By Charity for Widows and Orphans

10,076.14

750.00 275.00

J7

Subscription to Old Men's Home

2,400.00

50.00

594.96

1,344.00

2,587.44

Salary for Accountant, Mr. Chan Yik Wan..

Salary for Clerk, Mr. Wong Shut Ming

Stamps

100.00

60.00

11.00

720.00

720.00

Conveyance expenses for collecting interest,

etc.

9.60

1,620.00

""

Interest from Mr. Ho Nai Hing for mortgage

2,160.00

Printed matters by the Hing Shing

27.20

93

Interest from Mr. Ip Shau for mortgage

540.00

""

Interest from Mr. Ng Yan Chan for mortgage Interest from the Confusian Association for

1,392.00

Auditor's fee for Mr. Lau Yuk Wan

50.00

""

mortgage

60.00

1

??

??

Subscription from the Commercial Associa-

tion of the natives of Tung Kun through the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs Subscription from Mr. Kwong Man Sze

through Secretariat for Chinese Affairs......

Gratuities deposited with the Hospital by the

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

Excess of interest refunded to Mr. Ng Yan

Chan

88.00

100.00

Balance

193,110.28

15.00

1,384.28

Interest on War Bonds of Hong Kong

750.00

"

Interest on current account with Shanghai

Bank

34.52

Interest on fixed deposit of Wong Fung Sze

with Shanghai Bank

42.67

Total

$205,932.22

Total

By fixed deposit with Messrs. Chan Tsat & Li Sze Ngai on mortgage of houses Nos. 7 and 19, Temple Street

Mr. Lau Yung Yan on mortgage of houses Nos. 13, 15 and 17, Temple Street.

""

29

''

J

1

11

11

>>

??

""

""

''

وو

>>

17

33

Mr. Kan Iu Cho on mortgage of house property in Wanchai Road

Mr. U Nga Ping on mortgage of houses Nos. 54 and 56, Bonham Strand

Mr. Lo Luk on mortgage of house No. 82, Whitfield

Mr. Ho Nai Hing on mortgage of house property in Jervois Street

Mr. Ip Shau on mortgage of house No. 136, Hollywood Road

Mr. Ng Yan Chan on mortgage of house No. 103, Queen's Road, Central

the Confucian Association on mortgage of house No. 18A Stanley Street

and interest of Wong Fung Sze with Shanghai Bank

current account deposits with Shanghai Bank

deposit with Tung Wah Hospital

Total....

(Sd.) LO YUK TONG,

(Sd.) KAN TAT TSCI,

$205,932.22

$16,000.00

18,000.00

16,000.00

45,000.00

8,500.00

40,000.00

10,000.00

20,000.00

6,000.00

1,465.29

12,142.25

2.74

$193,110.28

Directors of Tung Wah Hospital.

Table XXIII.

Summary of work done in the Dispensaries during 1933.

Patients

PATIENTS.

Dispensaries.

Certifi-

cates of

causes

Patients

sent to

Corpses

removed

removed

to Hosp.

New

Cases.

Old

cases,

of death.

Hos-

pitals.

to Hosp.

Applica-

tions for

by

or Mor-

coffins.

Dearl

Infants

brought

to Dis-

Vaccin-

ations.

cases seen

Ambu-

Gynaeco-

logical

by Lady

lance.

tuary.

pensary

M.O's.

55 -

Central

19,149

14,559

Eastern

12,219 10,913

4

16

Western

12,973

11,262

43

17

697

18

Harbour and

Yaumati

42,208

38,714

70

48

27

2202 2

41

41

27

4,135

543

26

26

199

5,356

997

339

339

303

5,991

1,107

*

238

231

11,071

2,449

Shaukiwan

28,519

26,403

23

69

1

8

8

194

8,756

1,568

Shanishnipo

17,554 10,718

24

76

204

...

189

12,060

1,420

Hung Hom

11,760

3,030

69

153

10

158

150

6,562

584

Aberdeen..

5,339

5,763

68

Kowloon City......

15,910

10,354

89

115

10

+2

...

819

441

122

122

6,978

550

Total for 1933...

165,661

126,716

322

568

95

1,136

414

1,415

61,723

9,659

Total for 1932...

148,163

119,237

312

501

190

1,090

472

1,398

37,875

7,403 †

* Carried out at The Tsan Yuk Hospital.

† Gynaecological cases from Western Dispensary not included.

- C 56

Table XXIV.

CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES.

Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1933.

Receipts.

$

c.

$

c.

Expenditure.



C.

C.

To Balance

""

*1

""

Grant by Hong Kong Govern-

ment

Grant from General Chinese

Charities Fund....

Donations from :-

Taiping Theatre......... Ko Shing Theatre Lee Theatre

,, Subscriptions, Land....

79,381.25

9,500.00

19,000.00

2,000.00

270.00

140.00

14,598.45

Harbour....

10,516.20

Shaukiwan

900.50

Kowloon City

717.70

Aberdeen

1,000.00

""

27

By Maintenance of Dispensaries:-

Victoria

>>

Harbour and Yaumati Shaukiwan

Kowloon City...

Aberdeen.....

Part payment to Contractor Tung Yick for erection of one additional floor to the quarters at Kowloon City Chinese Public Dispensary. Salaries to Lecturers of Health

Campaign

Refund of advance by Yaumati

30,894.63

10,819.00

9,219.70

7,026.91

6,105 50

64,065.74

400.00-

1,680.00

30,142.85

Public Square Fund

4,000 00-

**

Fees from Eastern Maternity

Hospital, Wanchai....

Advance from Yaumati Public

Pensions

1,020.00

1,901.50

"

Gratuity to Doctor Li Ying

Yau on retirement

2,712.00

"?

دو

On Current Account

Square Fund.

Interest :-

On Hong Kong 6% Public

Works Loan

495.00

On Fixed Deposit....

1,650.00

146.01

4,000.00

Balance :-

""

On Fixed Deposit

40,000.00

On Fixed Deposit

15,000.00

On Hong Kong 4% Con-

version Loan,

11,000.00

On Cash

6,198.87

Advance to Dispensaries

Clerks

140.00

Total

泉右李

Member of Committee.

:

2,291.01

$146,216.61

Total......

A. E. WOOD, Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

72,338.87

$146,216.61

7.

Table XXV.

SHAMSHUIPO DISPENSARY.

Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1933.

Receipts.

Expenditure.

3

C 57

To Balance.

4,658.39

""

Grant by Government

2,500.00

By Payment through Secretariat for Chinese Affairs,

3,060.00

>>

Subscription....

11.40

""

Payment through Local Committee,

3,129.22

Donation from General Chinese Charities

>>

Fund. (Reserve fund for the erection

Balance :-

""

of Shamshuipo New C.P.D.)

Rents from eight houses at Shamshuipo

5,500.00

2,300.00

At Secretariat for Chinese

Affairs

..$7,276.00

With Local Committee

$1,504.57

8,780.57

Total,

14,969.79

14,969.79

AU TO NAM,

Accountant.

Total,..

WONG IU TUNG,

Chairman.

A. E. WOOD,

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Receipts.

Table XXVI.

HUNGHOM DISPENSARY.

Statement of Accounts for the year ending31st December, 1953.

Expenditure.

c.

To Subscriptions, etc...

1,267.90

By Balance........

""

Donations from :-

""

Po Hing Theatre,.

$ 168.00

Payment through Secretariat for Chinese Affairs..

Scavenging Contractor,

3,000.00

3,468.00

35

Payment through Local Committee

Grant from General Chinese Charities Fund...

""

Balance at Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

1,200.00

780.50

Balance with local Committee

""

>>

Total,..

6,716.40

LO YUET CHO, Chairman.

LI KIT TSUN,

Accountant.

C.

242.16

2,034.00

3,029.85

1,410.39

Total,...

6,716.40

A. E. WOOD,

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

C 58

}

Receipts.

Table XXVII.

WESTERN MATERNITY HOSPITAL.

Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1933.

39

C.

Expenditure

$

C.

$

Š

C 59



To Balance

3,803.29 By Salaries

7,279.68

""

Subscription

482.75

Drugs

3,613.19

Donations from :-

Bedding

258.87

""

Chinese Recreation Ground

1,200.00

Stationery and Printing

360.35

Rent of houses purchased with Tung Wah Hospital Jubilee Dona-

Uniforms

113.80

Furniture

20.07

tion

3,200.00

Crown Rent

1.00

4,882.75

Telephone (Sub. Exchange)..

10.00

"}

Fees paid by patients in the Hospital

10,248.00

Water Account

247.25

Repairs

68.00

>>

Grant by Hong Kong Government...

5,000.00

Gas and Electricity

1,753.21

""

Amount paid by pupils etc. in the Hospital for their food

Food for Patients, pupils and mid-

888.00

wives etc. in the Hospital..

5,224.22

""

Fees paid by patients who had venereal diseases

Washing

1,878.69

699.80

Chinese papers

570.20

وو

Interest

34.55

Miscellaneous

....

1,644.38

23,042.91

Balance with Colonial Treasury

2,513.48

Total..

Total.

25,556.39

25,556.39

S. W. TSO,

Chairman.

A. E. WOOD,

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

60

Receipts.

Table XXVIII.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Chinese Permanent Cemetery for 1933.

| Amount. |

Payments.

A mount.

C.

c.

""

To Balance,

Interest from Hong Kong and

Shanghai Bank,

72,080.74

By Rent of telephone,

189.00

"}

85.94

Repairs to embankment, the roads and the wharf, etc. by

Yeung Tam Kee,

13,053.87

""

Interest from The Tai Yick

Bank,

""

Printed matters by the Nam Wah & Co.,

7.00

1,824.00

""

Wages for Yuen Cheung and gardeners,

1,515.00

Stone Embankment,.

.""

""

Dr. S. W. Tso for transfer of lots,.....

Wages from Hon. Dr. S. W.

Tso for refilling vaults,

Sale of 187 lots,

Registration fees paid in by

""

Wages for Pun Yan Chin and Chau Wan Kok,

480.00

288.00

""

Flower pots, manure, scythes, bamboo brooms, etc.,

99.07

11,760.00

""

Stamps,

20.00

2,775.00

Rent of wharf,

1.00

"

""

Crown Rent,

.50

""

Rates for getting water from river,

1.00

12.00

Crown Rent for the site of Pai` Lau,.

1.00

""

""

Interest from fixed deposit on

mortgage of houses,

""

Printed matters by the Yu Shing & Co.,

26.75

1,276.00

""

One account book purchased from Kwong Fuk Hing, Balance,

1.16

74,706.33

""

Total,..

$5

90,101.68

Total,..

90,101.68

By deposits with Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank,

.$ 56,629.75

""

Fixed deposit on mortgage of house No. 2A High

Street,

Fixed deposit on mortgage of house No. 503 "" Nathan Road

""

Cash,

8,000.00

10,000.000 76.58

$ 74,706.33

S. W. TSQ, Secretary.

T. N. CHAU, Treasurer.

Examined and found correct,

LI PO KWAI,

Auditor.

Receipts.

Table XXIX.

CHINESE RECREATION GROUND.

Receipts and Expenditure, 1933.

Payments.

$

C.

$

C.

To Balance,.

7,902.28

By Wages of Watchmen, etc.,

895.00

Water Account,

""

Rent of Stalls,

وو

3,381.32

99

Consumption of Gas,

216.25 297.00

وو

Subscription to Western Maternity Hospital,

1,200.00

""

Interest on money deposited in Treasury,

147.23

""

Miscellaneous,

17.54

,, Balance,

15,506.86

19

Loan from Tung Wah Hospital for reconstruc-

tion of the Ground....

6,701.82

Total,..

18,132.65

Total,...

18,132.65

A. E. WOOD,

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

C 61

Table XXX.

YAUMATI PUBLIC SQUARE.

Receipts and Expenditure, 1933.

RECEIPTS.

$5

ር.

PAYMENTS.

*A

C.

To Balance.......

13,692.00

By Wages of Watchmen, etc.

942.00

Water Account.......

719,25

وو

Rent of Stalls

7,065.70

وو

Lights

904.26

Crown rent

1.00

وو

Interest on money deposited in

Treasury

وو

225.32

Loan to the Chinese Public Dispen-

saries Fund................

62

4,000.00

1

Refund of loan to the Chinese Public

Dispensaries Fund.....

4,000.00

+9

""

Building-contractor for reconstruction

and alteration of the stalls Fees for preparing plans, etc........... Installation of electric lights

4,760.00

100.00

19.00

19

}}

1 copy of Stall-holders Register, Miscellaneous expenses

6.00

8.50

Balance

وو

13,523.01

Total,.. .....$

24,983.02

Total,.....

24,983.02

A. E. WOOD,

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

"Table XXXI.

Statement of Accounts of Passage Money Fund, 1933.

Receipts.

Payments.

$

*A

C.

$ c.

To Balance on Fixed Deposit,

.$6,250.00

33

99

in Colonial Treasury,.

728.98

By Passages to destitutes,

Gratuities to destitutes,

26.80

A

15.70

91

6,978.98

99

99

Miscellaneous receipts,.

9.38

"

Eyre Diocesan Refuge, Balance on Fixed Deposit,

Fees for Hawker's Licences to destitutes, Subscription to Alice Memorial Hospital,

""

32.00

50.00

127.50

.$6,250.00

99

Interest on Fixed Deposit,

$ 187.50

""

in Colonial Treasury,

693.59

""

,, on money deposited in Treasury,

19.73

6,943.59

207.23

Total,

$

7,195.59

Total,

$7,195.59

A. E. WOOD,

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

63

Table XXXII.

ACCIDENTS IN FACTORIES, 1933.

ACCIDENTS DUE TO

Industry

Machinery

Falls

Total No.

Due to falling objects

Fatalities

Burns and Scalds

of Accidents

Rope Factory Hat Factories Sugar Refineries

Knitting Factories

Torch Factories

Printing Works...

Tinsmiths

Glass Factory

1

1

1

1

5

10

1 3

1

1

1

4

2

2

2

...

1

1

...

...

1

1

Gas Works .......

Cement Works

2

Laundries

1

Thermos Flask Factories

1

Dyeing Factories

Engineering Works

Shipyard

Nut Oil Factories

Canning Factory

Brick Works

Oil Installations...

7

Total...

24

30

1

2

1

1

1

1

1

1

7 (1)

22 (4)

5 (1)

34

1

1

1 (1)

1

1 (1)

1

7

8

8

(8)

70

The Figures in parenthesis denote Fatalities and are included in the total.

- C 64 -

www.gam

Receipts.

getmembu

O 65

Table XXXIII.

CHINESE TEMPLES FUND.

Statement of Accounts from 1st January to 31st December, 1933.

$ cts.

$ cts.

Expenditure.

$cts.

$ cts.

To Balance

44,486.42

Rent from Temple Keepers of :-

32

Hau Wong Temple, Kowloon City

18.025.00

Pak Tai Temple, Cheung Chau Island....

4,200.00

Pak Tai Temple, Wantsaí.......

2,940.00

Sam Tai Tsz Temple, Shamshuipo

4,918.00

Tam Kung Temple, Shaukiwan

1.941.00

Che Kung Temple, Shatin..

5,882.00

By Maintenance of Chinese Public School in

Kowloon City

71

Grants to:-

Chinese Public Dispensary, Hung Hom,

for 1932 and 1933..

Lok Shin Tong, Kowloon City for 1933 The Kaifong of Hunghom for the expenses

of the Free School in Kwun Yum Temple, Hunghom

5,215.68

1,200.00 400.00

Kwun Yum Temple, Hung Hom

3,951,75

Ping (han Free School

1,200.00 200.00

Tam Kung Temple. Wongneichung..

1,670.00

Committee of Tin Hau Temple, Kowloon

Hung Shing Temple, Aplichau...... .....

1,896.40

City...

70.00

Tin Hau Temple, Shamshuipo

908.00

Yi Pak Kung Temple, Quarry Bay

3,070.00

1,435 00

Tin Hau Temple, Shaukiwan......

824.00

31

Expenses for holding theatrical per-

Hau Wong Temple, Tai O

947.38

Kwun Yum Temple, Chewanshan

605.00

Fook Tak Che Temple. Shaukiwan

600.25

formances at :-

Kowloon City

Cheung Chau Island

To Ti Temple, Shaukiwan

67.50

Sheung Tai Temple, Mataachung.

465.50

Tam Kung Temple, Sungwongtoi...

860.00

Tin Hau Temple, Tokwawan........

272.00

Tin Hau Temple, Ping Chau Island.

639.00

Aplichau

Ping Chau Island.

Shatin

Aberdeen

Tai O

Tin Hau Temple, Aberdeen

459.50

Ma Tau Chung

Tin Hau Temple, Wongneichung..

75.00

Shamshuipo

Pak Tai Temple, Shamshuipo

187.50

Pak Tai Temple, Hunghom

650.00

1,400.00

700.00

121.00

300.00

300.00

200.00

50.00

300.00

4,021.00

225.75

Mo Tai Temple. Shamshuipo...

1,248.10

19

Annual subscription to Confucius Society

Kwun Yum Temple. Aplichau

460.75

for expenses of the Free School at

Shing Wong Temple, Bridges Street,

500.00

Yak Hu Kung, Wantsai

Chuk Neung Temple. Kowloon City. Tin Hau Temple, Hoi Chung Sum.

Island, Tokwawan

520.00

241.63

多多

Repairs to:-

2.00

Free School, Kowloon City

300.00

56,447.01

The Guard House, Po Chu Tam, Tai 0. Sam Tai Tsz Temple, Shamshuipo

120.00

11.20

House Rents :-

"

Property of Hau Wong Temple, Kowloon

City....

431.20

785.80

"

Refund of security to temple keepers of:

Property of Tin Hau Temple, Shaukiwan. Property of Mo Tai Temple, Shamshuipo.

608.36

Tin Hau Temple, Wongneichung

25.00

351.20

Pak Tai Temple, Hunghom

55.00

1,745.36

27

Grant from Education Department for Chinese Public School. Kowloon City

1,440.00

Hung Shing Temple, Aplichau Sheang Tai Temple, Ma Tau Chung Tin Hau Temple, Ping Chau Island. Chuk Neung Temple, Kowloon City. Sam Tai Tsz Temple, Shamshuipo

366.95

99.50

116.50

43.83

300.00

996.83

Interest

"

309.58

""

Refund of security to the lessee of Kam

Kuk Yuen, Kowloon City

Transfer to General Chinese Charities Fund

#

Advertisements..........

Crown Rent

Total..........

104.928.37

80.00

38,020.00

261,10

62.05

章节

Water account

,, Stationery and printing

38.75

42.16

Premium in respect of N.K.I.L. 2064

820.00

**

Fee for boundary stones

64.00

}}

Grant to Tai O Kaifong for the purpose of

wiping out a debt due on account of

local public works

500,00

Cost of making a brick well and a latrine

for the Che Kung Temple, Shatin.. Balance

800.00

51

49,985.61

Total...

104,028.37

泉右李

Member of Committee.

A. E. WOOD,

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Receipts.

C 66

Table XXXIV.

GENERAL CHINESE CHARITIES FUND.

Statement of Accounts from 1st January to 31st December, 1933.

C.

e.

Expenditure.

C.

C.

To Balance

Surplus money transferred from :-- Chuk Neung Temple, Kowloon

City..

200.00

Fook Tak Che Temple, Shaukiwan Hau Wong Temple, Kowloon City.| Kwun Yum Temple, Hunghom Kwun Yam Temple, Che Wan Shan. Pak Tai Temple, Hung Hom Pak Tai Temple, Wanchai

700.00

17,000.00 2,200.00

600.00 150.00

2,700.00

Sheung Tai Temple, Ma Tau Chung

250.00

Shing Wong Temple, Bridges

20,760,44 By Grants to:-

Tung Wah Hospital for expenses... Chinese Public Dispensaries Fund

for expenses

Children's Playground Association..

Tung Wah Hospital for expenses... Tung Wah Hospital for Kwong

Wa Hospital for expenses... Tung Wah Hospital for Tong Wah Eastern Hospital for ex- penses

17,000.00

19,000.00

1,000.00

8,000.00

33,500.00

25,000.00

Street

600.00

Tam Kung Temple, Sung Wong Toi

850,00

Tam Kung Temple, Wougneichong Tam Kung Temple, Shaukiwan Tin Hau Temple, Shaukiwan Tin Hau Temple, To Kwa Wan Tin Hau Temple, Wong Nei Chang Yi Pak Kung Temple, Quarry Bay Pak Tai Temple, Cheung Chau

Island

1,850.00

Tung Wah and Kwong Wah Hos-

pitals for free Burials Tung Wah, Kwong Wah & Tung

17,000.00

1,600.00

1,700.00

Wah Eastern Hospitals for Med- icine

*7,500.00

350,00

Chinese Public Dispensary Sham-

170,00

shuipo

2,500.00

750.00

Chinese Public Dispensaries Fund

for expenses

9,500.00

600,00

Mo Tai Temple, Shamshuipo

1,200.00

Tsan Yuk Hospital for expenses Po Leung Kuk for expenses....

5,000.00

7,000.00

Pak Tai Temple, Shamsbuipo Sam Tai Tsz Temple, Shamshuipo.

300,00

115,000,00

3,200.00

To Ti Temple, Shaukiwan

70.00

งง

Tin Hau Temple, Shamshuipo

800.00

Tin Hau Temple, Ping Chau Island

180.00

38,020.00

""

Chinese Public Dispensaries Fund (amount reserved for the erection of a new Shamshuipo C. P. D.)...

Salary

19

Donation from the Navy Day

Committee

500.00

:

;

,, Grant from Hong Kong Government

Amount collected by Tai O Kaifong

for street improvement in 1934...

Refund of balance from the grant of $600 to Kaifong of Cheung Chau for rent of the dispensary

Interest

115,000.00

5,500.00

180.00

Cheung Chau Kaifong for rent of a dispensary and maternity wards for 1 year from June 1933 to May 1934

600.00

200.00

ور

Ping Chau Kaifong for equipment

of the Village Guards

100.00

79.06

Ping Chau Kaifong for mainten-

ance of the Village Guards

80.00

571.92

Balance

13

16,671.42

Total....

175,131.42

Total......

175,131.42

泉右李

Member of Committee.

A. E. WOOD,

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Appendix D.

REPORT OF THE HARBOUR MASTER AND DIRECTOR OF AIR SERVICES FOR THE YEAR 1933.

CONTENTS.

Air Services

PAGE.

9

3

:

:..

:

:

:

:

Bunker Coal shipped

Crews, Nationality of

Emigration and Immigration

Renewal of Pilots Licences

:

:

Examination of Masters, Mates, and Engineers ..

Junks

Launches...

Light Dues

Lighthouses and Signal Stations...

Mercantile Marine Office

Marine Magistrate's Court

Marine Courts of Enquiry

Marine Surveyors' Office

Moorings

Outstations

Passenger Trade

Port Facilities...

Registry of Shipping

Revenue and Expenditure

Shipping Report

Sunday Cargo Working

Trade

...

...

:

:

3

2

4

4

2

5

5

3

4

4

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

F:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

.:..

Yaumati Slipway and Coaling Depôt ...

:

:

:.

:..

3

5

LO

:

10

5

2

:

:

3

:

10

2

5

2

CO

6

- D 2

The year 1933 showed a slight increase in the amount of shipping using the Port of Hong Kong, the largest increase being in Junks, Local Trade. Details of the comparison between the years 1932 and 1933 will be found in Table II.

2. Foreign Going Shipping entering and clearing showed a net decrease of 867 vessels and 931,422 tons, while Local Ship- ping showed an increase of 5,374 vessels and 149,897 tons.

3. British Ocean Going Shipping has decreased by 187,458 tons and British River Steamers has also decreased by 677,298 tons.

4. The River Steamer Trade has decreased on all routes, several steamers being laid up due to the general depression. Table VIII shows the cargo and passengers reported at this office as having been carried by River Steamers.

5. The Junk Trade given in Tables IX to XI shows a small decrease in numbers and tonnage for those in Foreign Trade with an increase in respect of Local Trade. The decrease in Foreign Trade is due to decreased Imports and Exports and the increase in Local Trade can be accounted for by some of the junks not being used in Foreign Trade.

6. In Steamships not exceeding sixty tons employed in Foreign Trade there is a small increase in numbers and tonnage, this being due to a greater number of Foreign Trade Junks being towed. Details of launches entered and cleared are shown in Tables XII and XIII.

7. On the 31st December, 1933, there were 276 launches and 206 motor boats employed in the harbour. Of these, 389 were licensed for the conveyance of passengers, 27 steam launches and 18 motor boats belonged to the Colonial Government, three steam launches belonged to the Imperial Government and 20 steam launches and 25 motor boats to the Naval Authorities. There were also 14 motor boats owned for pleasure and private purposes.

Of the 389 licensed for the conveyance of passengers, 180 were licensed for Class I, 75 for Class II and 134 for Class III.

8. The Certificates of three Coxswains and one Engineer were suspended for incompetence or negligence in performing their duties. One Coxswain's Certificate was cancelled.

9 713 engagements and 790 discharges of Coxswains and Engineers were recorded.

10. The Passenger trade and the number of Emigrants de- parting from and arriving at this port are shown in Tables XXII to XXVIII.

D 3

11. Details of Bunker Coal and Oil shipped will be found in Table XXIX. The figures show an increase of 44,770 tons in coal consumption and a decrease of 15,812 tons in Fuel Oil.

12. The nationality of crews in British and Foreign ships entered and cleared is shown in Table VII.

13. During the year seventeen ships were registered under the provisions of the Merchant Shipping Acts, and twenty-five Certi- ficates of Registry were cancelled. Details are shown in Tables XX and XXI. 221 documents were dealt with in connection with the Acts and the fees collected amounted to $1,657 as compared with $2,862 in 1932.

14. 31,405 seamen were engaged and 30,961 seamen were discharged at the Mercantile Marine Office and on board ships during the year as compared with 32,683 engaged and 31,831 discharged in 1932.

15. Ninety-four distressed seamen were received and admitt- ed to the Sailors' Home and Boarding Houses. Of these eighteen were sent Home, four to Calcutta, seven to Sydney, one to Brisbane, three to Singapore, thirty-six to Shanghai, seventeen obtained employment, three re-shipped, four shipped and one remained in the Sailors' Home.

16.

$1,060.78 was expended by the Harbour Master on behalf of the Board of Trade in the relief of these distressed seamen.

K

17. A Fund known as The Mercantile Marine Assistance Fund of Hong Kong" was established towards the end of the year, but did not come into active force until 1934. This Fund which is administered by a Committee consisting of the Harbour Master (Chairman) and four members appointed by the Governor is main- tained by annual appropriation from the general revenue of the Colony for the purpose of granting assistance to distressed Mer- cantile Marine Officers and Seamen.

18. A statement of the surveys and examinations carried out by the Government Marine Surveyor and his staff is set out in Table XXX. The vessels surveyed totalled 481,780 tons gròss as compared with 430,512 in 1932 showing an increase of 51,268 tons.

19. 36 vessels were surveyed at Kowloon Docks, 67 at Taikoo Docks, 6 at Cosmopolitan Dock and 13 at Chinese Slipways.

20. The following is a comparison of tonnage and nationali- ties of the various vessels granted Hong Kong Passenger Certifi- cates during 1933.

British 102 vessels of 442,112 tons (Gross).

Norwegian 11

"

Danish

4

Chinese

5

26,173

9.736 "" 3,759

12

21

""

"

??

D 4

21. Passenger Certificates were issued for the following

trades:-

22.

Class IA Foreign Trade

Class I Foreign Going (Coasting and Far

Eastern Trade)

Class III River Trade

24

72

26

Eighteen vessels totalling 177,288 tons (gross) were surveyed and granted Bottom Certificates during the year as compared with eight vessels of 114,222 tons (gross) in 1932.

23. 500 cases were heard in the Marine Magistrate's Court during the year as compared with 487 in 1932.

The principal offences were:-

(a) Carrying excess passengers.

(b) Mooring within 100 yards of low water mark in

prohibited hours.

(c) Boarding ships without permission.

(d) Breach of conditions of Passenger Boat licence by

carrying cargo.

(e) Leaving port without a clearance

24. During the year, one Marine Court of Inquiry was held :-

On the 16th March, 1933, to inquire into the circum- stances attending the stranding of the British S.S. “ANTUNG”.

25. Examinations for Certificates of Competency as Masters, Mates and Engineers were held under Board of Trade Regulations. Twenty-six candidates were examined for Master and nine passed, one candidate was examined for Master square-rigged and failed and fourteen candidates were examined for First Mate and four passed.

Sixty-two candidates were examined for Engineer (Ordinary) First Class and eighteen passed, seven candidates were examined for First Class Motor Endorsement, all passed, and one candidate was examined for Engineer (Motor) Second Class and failed. Five candidates were examined for Engineer (Ordinary) Second Class and three passed.

26. Under Section 37 of Ordinance 10 of 1899, 91 candi- dates were examined for Certificates as Coxswain and 81 passed. 149 candidates were examined for certificates as Engineers and 109 passed.

27. Twenty-one licences as Pilot were renewed during the year. One was surrendered on account of the death of the pilot

-

--

- D 5-

28. 895 Sunday Cargo Working Permits were issued during the year as compared with 1,064 during 1932.

29. Lighthouses and Signal Stations functioned satisfactorily throughout the year. The Light on Signal Hill was discontinued during the latter part of the year. Details of vessels reported and messages sent etc., are shown in Table XXXII.

The fortnightly reliefs to the lighthouses were delayed on nine occasions, six times at Gap Rock and three at Waglan.

30. The Aga Lights, (including one on the new Southern Fairway buoy exhibited for the first time in July,) numbering eighteen continued to work satisfactorily throughout the year.

31. The Beckwith Bell Fog Signal at Lam Tong Island con- tinued to work satisfactorily throughout the year.

32. Government moorings were used during 1933 as follows:

A Class 3,501 days

B Class 7,279 days

C Class 1,092 days

In addition they were used by Naval vessels and transports for twenty-five days.

On the 31st December, the following moorings were in posi- tion. A Class eighteen, B Class twenty-eight and C Class seven, a total of fifty-three including fourteen special Typhoon A Class moorings. Permission was granted for the maintenance of forty- eight private buoys and moorings and the fees received amounted to $2,850.00.

33. The Revenue and Expenditure of the department are shown in Tables XXXIII and XXXIV. The main decrease is under the heading Light dues which is due to the reduced rates approved by Government in March. Details of amounts received are shown in Table XXXVI.

34. A further decrease is shown under Sunday Cargo Work- ing, due to fewer permits being issued to vessels.

35. The Harbour Master's Outstations at Shaukiwan, Aber- deen, etc., issued 32,397 licences, etc., and collected $118,271.75 as compared with 32,041 licences and $124,115.56 during 1932. Details are shown in Table XXXVII.

- D 6

36. Details of boat licences, permits, etc., issued will be found in Table XXXVIII.

37. The Government Slipway and Coaling Depot at Yaumati was kept busy throughout the year in routine slipping and fueling of Government craft.

38. 9,824 tons of coal were received and 9,835 tons were delivered (including deliveries from stocks at end of 1932). 14 tons of Welsh Coal were delivered to No. 3 Fire Float from existing stocks. 2,073 tons of oil fuel were received and delivered. 29,983 gallons of kerosene were received and 30,628 gallons were delivered. 19,800 gallons of Petrol were received and 19,957 gallons were delivered.

39. Government Launches were slipped, aggregating ninety- four times at regular intervals during the year and the slip was occupied 313 days.

40. A short summary of the facilities offered by the port of Hong Kong is given at the end of this report.

15th March, 1934.

:

G. F. HOLE,

Harbour Master.

D 7-

FACILITIES OF THE PORT OF HONG KONG.

The Harbour of Hong Kong forms a natural anchorage for a great number of vessels. During the typhoon season there are special moorings and anchorages to which vessels can move with immunity from danger. The Harbour Department operates a thoroughly up-to-date salvage tug, which is always available to assist shipping during typhoon weather. There are available the latest type of steam fire-floats, and the harbour is efficiently patrolled day and night by water-police launches. Competent pilots are available to meet vessels at either entrance of the harbour by day or by night.

2. Buoys in the Harbour are owned by the Government as follows 18 "A" Class for vessels 450 to 600 feet long, 28 “B” Class for vessels 300 to 450 feet long, and 7 "C" Class for vessels less than 300 feet long. The charges are $16, $12 and $8 per day respectively.

3. The wharf and godown companies have berthing accommo- dation for eleven vessels up to 650 feet in length. Maximum depth of water alongside the wharves is 36 feet L.W.O.S.T.

4. Fresh water pipes are laid alongside and one berth is piped for oil fuel.

5. Three public warehouse companies have a storage capacity of 500,000 tons, of which 300,000 tons is on the mainland at Kow- loon Point, adjacent to wharves, and 200,000 tons in Victoria on the island of Hong Kong, on the Harbour front. There are numerous native-owned warehouses of small capacity in both Kowloon and Hong Kong.

6. Both groups of wharves at Kowloon Point have rail connec- tion with the Kowloon-Canton Railway, giving direct rail commun- ication with Canton. There are daily sailings by coasting com- panies' ships carrying cargo and passengers to all river and coast ports of Southern China, and to ports in the Far Eastern trade, as well as almost daily departures by ocean steamers to overseas ports.

7. Ample bunkering facilities are provided by private stocks of coal averaging 60,000 tons, of which about one third is North China coal, and the remainder Japanese and Formosan.

8. The average stock of fuel oil for commercial bunkering is 55,000 tons. One oil company has berthing facilities for two vessels, and another company for one vessel alongside the oil installation, with a water depth of 28 feet and 23 feet L.W.O.S.T. respectively. Delivery can be given up to 600 tons an hour from wharf and 350 tons an hour from lighters.

- D 8

9. There are two large Dock companies with dry docks cap- able of taking vessels up to 750 feet on the blocks, The docks have depth on the sills up to 34 feet 6 inches H.W.O.S.T. In addition, there are five patent slipways capable of handling ships up to 325 feet in length and 3,000 tons displacement. There are several smaller yards mostly owned by Chinese, dealing with repairs to small craft and light work.

10. The principal dock companies have adequate facilities for the construction of ships of large tonnage, and for the prompt effecting of extensive repairs. There is also a thoroughly up-to- date salvage plant, and tugs are available.

11. A Waterboat Company, drawing its water from the Government reservoirs, has a fleet of eight vessels and there are three other small companies operating five vessels, carrying from 200 to 270 tons each.

12. The Harbour has a depth ranging from 24 to 78 feet L. W. O. S. T. The rise of Tide is about 8 feet O. S T.

13. There are no Tonnage Dues.

14. The Government imposes Light Dues of Two and four- tenths cents per ton on all Ocean ships, and nine-tenths of a cent per ton on all River steamers which enter the waters of the Colony. The Sterling value of the above rates at $1=ls. 8d. is converted back into dollars at the average opening selling rate on London for the previous month.

A charge of $75 to $350 for ships of 400 to 5,000 tons, and over, is made for permission to work cargo on Sundays.

16. A large number of motor-boats, steam launches and sam- pans are available for communication between ships at buoys and the shore. A frequent service of ferry launches is maintained. between Hong Kong Island and all parts of the mainland, also a Vehicular Ferry service between Hong Kong and Kowloon.

17. The Government maintains а Commercial Wireless Telegraph Station at Cape D'Aguilar which has an average day range of 350 miles, and a night range of 700 miles. Continuous watch is kept.

- D 9

Air Services.

Further progress has been made in the development of the Airport at Hong Kong, the whole of the Aerodrome surface being available for use. The Hangar and annexes were extensive- ly occupied, an increase in floor space rented being shown over the previous year. In June a vote of approximately $800,000 was passed for further development including provision of a new Hangar and Slipway at the western end of the Airport.

2. There have been 1455 flights of Civil Aircraft, totalling 950 hours, during which 567 passengers were carried, the decrease in number of passengers carried being due to the suspension of Flying Club activities. No accidents occurred during the year.

3. One Foreign and nineteen Air Ministry Certificates of Airworthiness have been validated for the Colony and continuous inspection of all Civil Aircraft in service or under repair has been carried out.

4.

66

Eleven examinations for A Pilots licences have been held, all candidates passing.

Eleven "A" Pilots licences have been issued and ten renewed.

One "B" Pilots Licence has been issued and four renewed.

5. Forty-eight Aircraft entered the Airport from abroad and eighty-three were cleared during the year.

6. Visitors of note who have stopped at Hong Kong during the year included Mademoiselle Maryse Hilsz, Paris to Tokyo; Capt. Bremer on a World Tour; Senor F. R. Loring, Madrid to Manila, Mr. Bixby of Pacific American Airways who is organizing air routes in China and Viscount de Sibour, Paris to Hong Kong and return.

7. The Hong Kong Flying Club has, owing to unforeseen circumstances, temporarily suspended operations.

8. The Revenue and Expenditure of the department are shown in Tables XXXIX to XLI.

The decrease in revenue has been brought about by the fact that although the number of Aircraft housed were comparable with those of the previous year, the size was considerably smaller.

The expenditure figures are exclusive of any salary for the Director of Air Services who as Harbour Master performs the duties without further remuneration. The cost of Public Works services also is not included, in accordance with the general practice in departmental reports.

G. F. HOLE,

Director of Air Services.

15th March, 1934.

FOREIGN TRADE.

Table I.

Summary of Arrivals and Departures of all Vessels.

1932.

1933.

D 10

No. of

VESSELS.

TONS.

CREWS.

No. OF

VESSELS.

TONS.

CREWS.

British Ships entered,

6,633

10,214,674

508,120

6,396

9,768,426

472,257

British Ships cleared,

6,630

10,203,544

505,606

6,408

9,785,036

470,849

Foreign Ships entered,

4,626

9,093.104

305,162

4,303

9,055,352

301,120

Foreign Ships cleared,

4,617

9,070,566

307,044

4,324

9,090,171

298,812

Steamships under 60 tons entered,.....

3,638

98,620

45,584

3,971

101,454

48,934

Steamships under 60 tons cleared,

3,656

99,137

45,789

4,001

102,182

49,112

Junks entered,

11,122

1,493,061

177,039

10,827

1,482,476

165,649

Junks cleared,

11,437

1,521,299

181,269

11,262

1,477,486

174,913

Total of all Vessels entered,.

26,019

20,899,459

1,035,905

25,497

20,407,708

987,960

Total of all Vessels cleared,........

26,340

20,894,546

1,039,716

25,995

20,454,875

993,686

Total of all Vessels entered and cleared, in Foreign Trade,

52,359

41,794,005,

2,075,621

51,492

40,862,583

1,981,646

LOCAL TRADE.

Steam Launches entered,

11,674

382,796

. 137,028

11,490

385,097

131,451

Steam Launches cleared,

11,674

383,204

137,133

11,492

385,192

131,480

Total Launches entered and cleared,

23,348

766,180

274,161

22,982

770,289

262,931

Total Junks entered,

14,080

629,154

148,115

17,123

689,656

157,859

Do.

cleared,

14,328

635,567

142,943

17,025

720,853

163,718

Total Junks entered and cleared,

28,408

1,264,721

291,058

34,148

1,410,509

321,577

Total Local Trade (Launches & Junks) entered and cleared,

51,756

2,030,901

565,219

57,130

2,180,798

584,508

Grand Total, (Foreign & Local Trade)

104,115

43,824,906,

2,640,840

108,622

48,043,381

2,565,154

1

}

Table II.

Comparison between the years 1932 and 1933 of all shipping entering and clearing Ports in the Colony :-

1932

INCREASE

- D 11 -

1933

DECREASE

CLASS OF VESSELS

No.

Tonnage

No.

Tonnage No. Tonnage

No. Tonnage

British Ocean Going,..

5,014

12,201,690

4,815 12,014,232

199 187,458

...

Foreign Ocean Going,...

6,475

17,067,383 6,641 17,354,645

166

...

287,262

British River Steamers,..

8,249

8,216,528 7,989

7,539,230

260

677,298

...

Foreign River Steamers,...

2,768

1,096,287 1,986

790,878

782

305,409

Steamships under 60 tons,...

7,294

197,757 7,972

203,636

678

...

5,879

Junks, Foreign Trade,

22,559

3,014,360 22,089

2,959,962

470

54,398

...

Total Foreign Trade,.

52,359

41,794,005 51,492 40,862,583

1,711 1,224,563

844

293,141

Steamlaunches, Local Trade,

23,348

Junks, Local Trade,

28,408

766,180 22,982 1,264,721 34,148 1,410,509

770,289

366

4,109

5,740

145,788

Grand Total,

104,115

43,824,906 | 108,622

43,043,381 2,077 1,224,563

6,584

443,038

Net,

...

781.525

4,507

- D 12

TABLE III.

NUMBER, TONNAGE, AND CREWS, OF FOREIGN-GOING VESSELS ENTERED AT PORTS IN THE COLONY OF HONG KONG FROM EACH COUNTRY IN THE YEAR 1933.

BRITISH.

FOREIGN.

GRAND TOTAL.

COUNTRIES WHENCE ARRIVED.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews. Vessels.

Tons.

Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Australia & Pacific Islands including New Zealand, ..

42

124,980

3 938

27

93.246

2,305

69 218,226 6.243

t

British North Borneo,......

25

57,739 2,363.

26

76,738

1,005

51 134,477 3,368

Canada,

36

355,447 13,560

2

5,542

68

38

360,989

13,628

Ceylon,

:

India, including Mauritius, ...

108

374,578 12,855

95

383

289,425

5,937

South Africa,

Straits Settlements & F.M.S.,

61

Unite Kingdom,...

152



China,

21

(River Steamers),

25,590

583

134,991 6,610

815,943 17,530

1,342 2,159,806 115,618

2,707 2,574,592 165,827

:

"

(Steamships under 60 tons),

"

(Junks),

:

19 48,623 1,410

23 134,718 3,297

1,247 2,078,636 91,368

568 298,213 31,555

3,633 93,429 45,300

10,358 | 1,350,824 158,69

80

175

Denmark,

1

4,100

77

13 67,862 503-

14

203 664,003 18.792

25,590 583

183,614 8,020

950,661 20,827

2,589 4,238,412 206,986

3,275 2,872,805 | 197,382

3,633 93,429 45,300

10,358 1,350,824 | 158,694

71,962

580

Europe (not specially mentioned),

11

36,834

518

39

137,440 1,609

50

France,

3

12,307

189

28

228,188 6,537

31

174,274 2,127

240,495 6,726

Formosa,

20

17,093

916

118

141,367 7,422

138 158,460 8,338

Germany,

8

43,155

607

82

Holland,

17,604

318

8

Italy,

29

376,264 6,460

40,137

215,062 5,955

90

419,419 7,067

737

13

57,741 1,085

29

215,062 5,955

French Indo-China,

222

285,328

16,387

279

Japan,

Macao,

151

749,437

21.456

10

5,418

416

483

23

(River Steamers),

(Steamships under 60 tons),

1,281 1,183.526

68,428

421

340,931 17,917

1,524,158 29,321

8,520 607

96,478 11,535

501

626,259 34,304

63+ 2,273,895 50,777

33 13,938 1,023

1,702 1,280,004 79,963

:

338

8,025 3.634

338

8,025 3,634

19

(Junks).

469

...

131,652 6,955

469

131,652 6,955

Netherland East Indies,.

Philippine Islands,

11 24,001

551

160

487,992 15,040

171

36 320,155 11,228

107

665,788 14,744

511,993 15,591

143 985,943 25,972

Russia in Asia,

2 11,162

148

2

:

Siam,

82 124,170

7,264

272

300,435

South America,................

:

4

23,877

Sweden,

12 44,938

17,295

488

404

11,162

35+ 424,605 24,559

148

4

United States of America,

71 310,470

4,840

218 1,330,474 27,601

23,877 488

12 11,938 404

289 1,640,914 32,441

TOTAL,

6,396 | 9,768,426 | 472,257 19,101 10,639,282 | 515,703 25,497 20,407,708 |987,960

D 13

TABLE IV.

NUMBER, TONNAGE, AND CREWS OF FOREIGN-GOING VESSELS CLEARED IN THE COLON

TO EACH COUNTRY IN THE YEAR 1933.

BRITISH.

FOREIGN.

COUNTRIES TO WHICH DEPARTED.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Fuel Bunker

Oil. Coal.

Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Fuel Bunker

Oil.

Ves

Coal.

Australia & Pacific Islands including New Zealand

35

107.537

3,852

British North Borneo,

33

83,161 2.865

Canada,

40

1,191 5.110

635

5,453

369,414 12,152 2,000 2,210

333

38

121,575 2,733

6,850

22

67,105

874

30

940

Ceylon,

India including Mauritius,.....

90

324,761

11,915

600

11 783

138

471,821 8,614

6,825

South Africa.

3

9,492

304

:

Straits Settlements & F. M. S.,.........

17

103,297

United Kingdom,................

85

China,.........

1.416

да

(River Steamers),

518.945 13,959

2,336,425 118,722

2,715 | 2,583,001 | 165,827

4,701 3,921

2.920 8,175

6,107 85,293

65,140

3,069

5+

35

148,764 3,111

200,808 4,681

1.270 | 2,174,114 93,088

300 5.295

:

:

1,947

44 650

2

1

721

576 239,877 31,555

(Steamships un ler 60 tons),

19

(Junks),

F.

:..

Denmark,

:

:

14

3,660 94,101 45,427

10,747 1,408,929 | 167,281

71,944

16,974 3

25,076

3

10

550

Europe, (not specially mentioned)

1

5,366

43

11

35.706

552

555

France,

2

5,290

65

510

24

2.5 245

5,725

:

1.265

Formosa,

12

20.605

417

165

240

145

223,381 3.138

1.680

1,534

Germany,

43

220,500 3,480

1,500

60

Holland.

Italy,

French, Indo-China,

G

:

283,070 4,909

27,218

500

399

1.050

25

169,283 4,509

:

225

301.609 16,325

40.623

361

Japan,

Масао,

13

(River Steamers),

189

900 918

23,899

10.140 21,655

316

S

1,286

5,335

1.198,111 68,428

540

27

15.336

421

539.442 21,540

1.008,937 20,374

3,864 729

96,310 11,535

1,183

41.3 7

2,143

32

16,145

1,320

693 1,511

"

(Steamships under 60 tons),

311

8,078 3.685

1,138

92

(Junks),

Netherlands East Indies,

Philippine Islands,

Russia in Asia,

Siam,

South America,

Sweden,

United States of America,

50

217,444 3,456

600 1.847

221

515

68,557 7,632

13

32

34.175

303.321 11,878

615

£50

2.720

132

421,456 12,950 1.480 8,673

1,810

128

696,219 15.445

50

2,969

3

13,126

172

180

79

123,203 7,201 5.200 22,115

266

297,769 16,657 2,611

25 136,623 2,885

68,189

190

256

29.136

1,353,504 26,673 1,550 4,011

Total,

6,408 | 9,785,036 | 470,849 34,710 294,801

19,587 10,669.839 | 522,837 13,699257,057

D 13

TABLE IV.

AGE, AND CREWS OF FOREIGN-GOING VESSELS CLEARED IN THE COLONY OF HONG KONG

TO EACH COUNTRY IN THE YEAR 1933.

BRITISH,

FOREIGN.

GRAND TOTAL.

CD.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Fuel Bunker Oil. Coal.

Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Fuel Bunker Oil. Coal.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Fuel Bunker

Oil. Coal.

35

107.537 3,852

1,191 5.110

33

83,161 2.865

635

5,453

38

22

121,575 2,733

6,850

73

229,112 6.585 1,191 11,960

67,105

874

30

910

55

40

369,414

12,152

2,000

2,240

40

369 414

150,266 3.739

12,152

665 6,393

2,000 2210

90

324,761

11,915

600

11 783

138

471,821 8,614

:

6,825

228

796,582

3

9,492

304

3

17

103,297 4,701

3,921

3,069

54

85 518.945 13,959

2.920

8,175

35

200,808

148,764 3,111

4,681

300

5.295

101

20,589

9,492 304

252,061 7,812 4.221 8,361

600 18,610

1.416 2,336,425 | 118,722

6,107

S5 293

1.270

2,715 2,583,001 165.827

721

65,140

:

:

:.

:

:

3,660

2,174,114

576 1 209,877 31,555

45,427

93,088 1,947 44.650

120 719.753 18,640

2,686 | 4.510,539 | 211,810

2,920 8,175

8,054 129,943

16,971

3,29:

2,882.878197.382

721

$2,114

10,747

91,101

1,408,929 | 167,281

25,076

3,660

94,104

45.427

25, 76

10,747

1.404,9.9167,281

:

14

71,944

550

71,941

550

*

1

5,366

43

35,706

552

:

555

12

2

5,290

63

510

24

205 245 5,725

:

1,265

26

42,072

210,535

595

5.790

:

:

555

1,773

12

20.605

417

:65

240

145

223,381 3.438 1.680

1,534

157 243.986 8,855 1.845

1,771

43

220,500

3,480

:

1,500

60

283,070 4,909

500

103

503.570

8.389

2,000

6

27.218

399

1.050

6

27 218

399

:.

:

1,050

25

225

301 609

16,325

10.623

189

900 918

23,899

10.140

21,655

9

5,835

540

25

169,283 4,509

361 539.442 21,540

316 1.008,937 20,374

9,864 729

25

169 283

4.509

:

1,183 41.3 7

589

$41,031

37,865

1,183

82,020

2,143

16,145

505

1,909,855 44,273 12,243

37.800

1,286 | 1,198,111 68,428

15.336

421

96,310 11,535

32

693 1,511

1,320

34

1,707

1,294 421

15.199 1,269

79,96 :

32

1.320

693

16,817

:

341

8,078 3.685

1,138

341

515

:

68,557 7,632

8,078

515 68,557 7,632

3,685

1.138

13

34.175

615

550 2720

132

421,456 12,950

1,480

8,673

145

32 30.3,321 11.878

1,810

128

696,249 15,445

50

2,969

160

999 540

3

13,126

79

172

123,203 7.204 5.200 22,115

180

3

13,126

266

297,769 16,657 2,611

68,189

345

25

136,623 2,885

190

25

8

50 217,444 3,456

600 1,847

29,136

221 1,353,504 26,673 1,550 4,011

256

455,631 13,565

27,323

172

420,972 23,861 7,811

136,623 2,885

8 29,136

2,030

50

11,393

4.779

180

90,304

190

256

:

271 1,570.918 30,129 2,150

5,858

6,408 9,785,036 470,849 34,710 294,801

19,587 † 10 669,839 | 522,837 13,699 257.057

25,995 20,454,875 | 993,686 48,409551,858

;

D 14

Table V.

NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of FOREIGN GOING VESSELS of EACH NATION ENTERED at PORTS in the

COLONY of HONG KONG in the YEAR 1933.

ENTERED.

NATIONALITY.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

British,

2,408

6,010,308

238,002

River Steamers,

3,988

3,758,118

234,255

,,

American,

274

1,525,600

34,261

Chinese,

576

519,099

38,136

River Steamers,

929

375,148

40,238

*"

Junks,

10,827

1,482,476

165,649

"3

Danish,

155

393,789

8,870

Dutch,

257

879,762

26,295

French,

197

614,020

23,470

Italian,

49

326,112

8,721

Japanese,

913

2,578,543

61,664

Norwegian,

651

1,050,325

40,061

Portuguese,

60

32,052

4,677

River Steamers,

60

19,543

2,852

99

German,

142

601,830

10,483

River Steamers,

Swedish,

25

94,523

829

Belgian,

Panamanian,...

10

36,798

302

Greek,

1



2,768

33

Siamese,

2

1,606

90

Chilean,

2

3,834

139

Steamships under

60

tons trading to Ports

outside the Colony,

3,971

101,454

48,934

TOTAL,

25,197

20,407,708

987,960

D 15-

Table VI.

NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of FOREIGN GOING VESSELS of EACH NATION CLEARED at PORTS in the

COLONY of HONG KONG in the YEAR 1933.

CLEARED.

NATIONALITY.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

British,

2,407

6,003,924

236,594

River Steamers,

4,001

3,781,112

234,255

American,...

277

1,526,427

33,177

Chinese,

578

519,594

35,892

River Steamers,

938

'377,015

40,238

""

""

Junks,

11,262

1,477,486

174,913

Danish,

154

393,581

9,002

Dutch,

256

874,743

26,554

French,

198

615,375

23,832

Italian,

50

337,639

9,074

Japanese,

919

2,604,852

61,453

Norwegian,

653

1,053,137

40,011

Portuguese,

61

32,374

4,719

River Steamers,

59

19,172

2,852

""

German,

142

599,501

10,546

River Steamers,

...

Swedish,

25

94,523

808

Belgian,

Panamanian,

10

36,798

380

Greek,

Siamese,

2

1,606

93

Chilean,

2

3,834

181

Steamships under

60

tons trading to Ports

outside the Colony,...

4,001

102,182

49,112

TOTAL,......

25,995

20,454,875

993,686

D 16

Table VII.

NATIONALITY OF CREWS.

PEANS AND AMERICANS.

OTHER EURO-

VESSELS.

BRITISH

ASIATICS.

1932. 1933.

1932. 1933. 1932. 1933,

1932. 1932. 1933. 1932. 1933.

British,..... 6,633 6,396 53,812 50,804 2,209 3,325 452,099 418,128

4,626 | 4,303 1,838 | 1,271 57,859 63,193 245,465 236,650

Foreign, ..

Total,

11,259 10,699 55,650 52,075 60,068 66,518 697,564 654,778

BRITISH SHIPS

FOREIGN SHIPS

BRITISH

1932.

1933.

1932,

1933.

%

%

%

%

Percentage of British

crew.

10:59

10.76

00.60

00:42

Percentage of crew,

Other Europeans and

Americans

01.60

00.70

1896

20.99

Percentage of crew,

Asiatics

87.80

88.54

80.44

78.59

Total

100.00

100'00

100.00

100.00.

Year.

D 1ý

Table VIII.

The River Steamer Trade 1932 & 1933.

Import. Tons.

Export. Tons.

Passengers.

1932....

1933..

286,693.00

571,462.00 3,213,593

292,995.00

482,319.00 2,684,594

Table IX.

JUNKS.

IMPORTS.

1932.

1933.

Junks.

Tonnage.

Junks.

Tonnage.

Foreign Trade

Local Trade

11,122 1,493,061

14,080 629,154

10,827 1,482,476

17,123 689,656

Total......

25,202 2,122,215

27,950 2,172,132

Foreign Trade

Local Trade

EXPORTS.

1932.

1933.

Junks.

Tonnage.

Junks

Tonnage.

........

11,437 | 1,521,299

11,262 1,477,486

14,328

635,567

17,025 720,853

Total.....

25,765 2,156,866

28,287 2,198,339

Table X.

TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, PASSENGERS, AND CARGOES OF JUNKS (FOREIGN TRADE) ENTERED IN THE COLONY

OF HONG KONG, FROM PORTS ON THE COAST OF CHINA AND MACAO, IN THE YEAR 1933.

CARGO.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels.

Crew.

Tons.

Passen-

gers.

Ves-

Cargo, Tons. sels.

Tons.

Crew.

Passen-

gers.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crew.

Passen-

gers.

Cargo.

Tons.

Canton,...

West River,

2.920

Macao,

88

270 69,182 5,528 411,767 51,486 68,796

79,910 1,305

16,9042,740 522,229 48,051

3,010

591,411 53,579

16,904

162,731 |2,419 |250,422

36,401

210

5,339

662,189 87,887 69,036

162,731

4,683 381 51,742

5,650

469

131,652 6,955

4,683

East Coast,

1,731

83,931 14,484

West Coast,

21

2,217

415

61,125 238 9,645

496

2,085

1,969

93,576 16,569

61,125

19 1,431

244

40

3,648

659

496

D 18

A

Total, 1933, ...

5,030

647,007

73,218

68,796

245,939 5,797 | 835,469

92,431

240

10,827 1,482,476 | 165,649 69,036

245,939

Total, 1932,

5,733

650,767

85,980 63,723

294.272 | 5,389 842,294

91,059

2,845

11,122

1,493,061 | 177,039

66,568

294,272

1

Table XI.

TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, PASSENGERS, AND CARGOES OF JUNKS (FOREIGN TRADE) CLEARED IN THE COLONY OF HONG KONG, FOR PORTS ON THE COAST OF CHINA AND MACAO, IN THE YEAR 1933.

Cargo.

Ballast.

Total.

Vessels. Tons.

Crew.

Passen-

gers.

Cargo, Ves-

Tons. Crew.

tons.

sels

Passen-

gers.

Vessels. Tons.

Crew.

Passen.

gers.

Cargo,

tons.

Canton,

3,169 616,362 56,650

724,322 45 4.286

420

3,214

620,648 87,070

724,322

West River,

4,279 556,908 78,270

63,183

355,058 1,233 | 136,857

15,536

240

5,512

693,765 93,806

63,423

355,058

Macao,

458

62,085 6,822

East Coast,..

1,600

West Coast,

29

36,816 11,290

3,021

49,848 57 6,472 18,506 391 54,665 4,591

810

515

68,557 7,632

49,848

1,991

91,481 15,881

· 18,506

518

1,970

14

30

3,035

524

1,970

Total 1933,

9,535 1,275,192 | 153,550

63,183 1,149,704|1,727 | 202,294

21,363

240

11,262 | 1,477,486 | 174,913

63,423

1,149,704

· D 19

Total 1932,

9,774 1,313,185 | 159,995

67,613 | 1,129,322 1,663 208,114

21,274

3,531

11,437 1,521,299 |181,269

71,147 1,129,322

PLACES.

Table XII.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Entered in the Colony of Hong Kong during the year 1933,

Within the Waters of the Colony, 1933,

Do.,

Outside the Waters of the Colony :-

Canton,......

West River, .....

Macao,

East Coast,

Other places,

Total,...

Vessels.

TOWING.

Tonnage.

Crews.

Passengers.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

1,475 37,371 16,867

NOT TOWING.

Crews.

Passengers.

Cargo,

Tons.

Vessels.

TOTAL

909

...

17,341

9,131

123 10,581

367,756 122,320

287,076

6,260

11,490 385,097 131,451

1932,

...

822 13,860 8,339

548

10,852 369,116

128,689 314,217

5,500 11,674 382,076 137,028

287,199 6,260 314,765 5,500

253 8,541.3,850

105 2,329 1,128

80 2,859

954

836 19,419 12,362

2,749 70,519 35,161

:

:

:

:.

:

:

Tonnage.

Crews.

Passengers.

Cargo,

Tons.

216 5,611 2,385

20 450

194

233| 5,696 2,506

96 3,267 | 1,120

:

:

:

1,691 42,982 19,252

2738,991 4,044

:

:

338 8,025 3,634

8

1

...

176|| 6,126|| 2,074

657 15,911 7,568 3,042

42

1,493 35,330 19,930

3,042

42

1,222 30,935 13,773 3,050 |

43

3,971 101,454 48,934 3,050

43

î

- D 20-

Table XIII.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Cleared in the Colony of Hong Kong during the year 1933.

PLACES.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

TOTAL.

Vessels.

Ton-

nage.

Crews. Passen-' gers.

Cargo.

Bunker

Coal.

Ton-

Vessels.

nage.

Crews.

Passen-

gers.

Cargo.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels.

Ton-

nage.

Crews.

Passen-

gers.

Bunker

Cargo.

Coal.

Do.,

Within the Waters of theColony, 1933, 1932,

1,267 23,320 12,947 1,328 21,863 13,856

190

590

904 10,225 361,872 118,533 281,665 3,970 1,081 10,346 361,321 123,297 313,506 8,308

5,378 11,492 385,192 181,480 281,855 3,976 6,282 5,283 11,674 383,204 137,133 314,096 3,308 6,364

Outside the Waters of the Colony

Canton,...

West River,

Macao,

East Coast,

Other places,

Total,

:

1,288 32,420 |14,755

263 8935 3,952

2,569 10,178

406 10,291 4,521

3,650 1,694 42,711 19,276

2,569 13,828

30

1,640 | 4,227

21

452

172

205| 4,187| 2,220

:

752

136| 3,891| 1,465

:

93 3,160 1,092 |

1,136 26,508 (15,635

183 73,210 37,654

2,985 (75,210 37,651

847

93 3,245 911

:

:

:.

65 284 9,387 4,124

30 1,640 4,292

386

341 8,078 3,685

1,138

977 186 6,405 2,003

1,824

4,096

360|9,093| 4,389 | 3,338

40

1,036 1,496 35,601 20,024 3,338

|

40 5,132

30

20,100

4,209 20,100 1,016 26,972 11,458 3,338

40

6,114| 4,001 |102,18249,112 3,368 4,249 26,21

+

– D 22 —

Table XIV.

Total Number and Tonnage of Vessels excluding Steam Launches Entered at each

Port in the Colony of Hong Kong during the Year 1933.

BRITISH.

FOREIGN.

TOTAL.

STATION.

Vessels. Tonnage.

Vessels. Tonnage. Vessels. Tonnage.

...

Aberdeen, Cheung Chau,

Saikung, ... Stanley,

•••



***

...

Tai O,...

...

Tai Po,

423

14,972

423

14,972

275

15,480

275

15,480

59

1,504

59

1,504

...

39

2,157

...

339

2,157

Deep Bay,

...

...

..

...

Tsuen Wan,



...

Victoria,

6,396

9,768,426

322 14,547 31,135 11,178,824

322

14.547

37,531 20,917,250

Total,

...

6,396

9,768,426

32,253 |11,227,484

38,619 20,995,910

Table XV.

Total Number and Tonnage of Vessels excluding Steam Launches Cleared at

each Port in the Colony of Hong Kong during the Year 1933.

BRITISH.

FOREIGN.

TOTAL.

STATION.

Vessels. Tonnage.

Vessels. Tonnage. Vessels. Tonnage.

Aberdeen, Cheung Chau,

Saikung,

Stanley,

Tai O,.........

Tai Po,

Deep Bay,..

Tsuen Wan,

Victoria,

...

...

6,108 | 9,785,036

426

14,851

426

14,851

275

13,536

275

13,536

65

1,573

65

1,573

...

39

2,157

39

2,157

...

...

322

...

14,547

31,484 11,241,846

322

14,547

37,892 21,026,882

Total,...

6,408 | 9,785,036

32,611 11,288,510

39,019 21,073,546

.

D 23-

Table XVI.

Table showing total Shipping of all classes at the Port of Hong Kong during the years 1914 to 1933.

TOTAL TONNAGE

TOTAL TONNAGE TOTAL TONNAGE

YEAR.

ALL CLASSES.

OCEAN GOING

OCEAN GOING BRITISH

1914

36,756,951

16.913,914

8,321,692

1915

33,884,919

14,381,808

7,358,586

1916

36,381,457

13,728,092

6,868,743

1917

33,827,325

12,289,548

5,168,058

1918

29,518,189

9,745,469

3,627,576

1919

35,615,169

14,467,847

6,842,024

1920

40,122,527

17,574,636

8,351,084

1921

43,420,970

20,064,611

9,247,198

1922

46,566,764

21,971,162

9,688,891

1923

53,402,239

25,891,058

11,222,141

1924

56,731,077

27,874,830

11,844,752

1925

49,520,523

23,653,774

9,866,820

1926

43,796,436

21,314,696

9,257,417

1927

41,127,161

25,700,164

9,660,440

1928

44,883,765

26,894,395

10,792,701

1929

47,136,181

28,285,741

11,151,152

1930

42,190,612

29,350,807

11,357,605

1931

44,150,021

29,446,145

11,540,844

1932

43,824.906

29,269,073

12,201,690

1933

43,043,381

29,368,877

12,014,232

D 24

Table XVII.

DIAGRAM SHEWING TOTAL SHIPPING ALL CLASSES

1914-1933.

Tons.

57,000,000

56,000,000

55,000,000

54,000,000

53,000,000

52,000,000

51,000,000

50,000,000

49,000,000

48,000,000

47,000,000

46,000,000

1914

1915

1916

1917

8161

6161

1920

1921

1922

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

45,000,000

44,000,000

43,000,000

42,000,000

41,000,000

43,043,381

40,000,000

39,000,000

38,000,000

37,000,000

36,000,000

35,000,000

34 000,000

33,000,000

32,000,000

31,000,000

30,000,000

29,000,000

·

Tons.

1914

D 25

Table XVIII.

DIAGRAM SHEWING OCEAN GOING SHIPPING BRITISH AND FOREIGN ENTERED AND CLEARED 1914-1933,

30,000,000

29,000,000

28,000,000

27,500,000

27,000,000

26,500,000

26,000,000

25,500,000

25,000,000

24,500,000

24,000,000

23,500,000

23,000,000

22,500,000

22,000,000

21,500,000

21,000,000

20,500,000

20,000,000

19,500,000

19,000,000

18,500,000

18,000,000

17,500,000

17,000,000

16,500,000

16,000,000

15,500,000

15,000,000

14,500,000

$4,000,000

13,500,000

13,000,000

12,500,000

12,000,000

11,500,000

I 1,000,000

10,500,000

10,000,000

9,500,000

1915

9161

1917

1918

1919

1920

1921

1922

1923

1924

1925

9761

1927

1.928

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

29,368,877

- D 26

Table XIX.

DIAGRAM SHEWING OCEAN GOING SHIPPING BRITISH ONLY, ENTERED AND CLEARED.

Tons.

1914

1915

9161

1917

1918

6161

1920

1921

1922

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

24,500,000

24,000,000

23,500,000

23,000,000

22,500,000

22,000,000

21,500,000

21,000,000

20,500,000

20,000,000

19,500,000

19,000,000

18,500,000

18,000,000

17,500,000

17,000,000

16,500,000

16,000,000

15,500,000

15,000,000

14,500,000

14,000,000

13,500,000

13,000,000

12,500,000

12,000,000

11,500,000 11,000,000

10,500,000

12,014,232

10,000,000

9,500,000

9,000,000

8,500,000

8,000,000

7,500,000

7,000,000

6,500,000

6,000,000

5,500,000

5,000,000

4,500,000

4,000,000

3,500,000

Official

Name of Ship.

Number.



Table XX.

Return of Ships Registered at the Port of Hong Kong during the year 1933.

Registered

Tonnage.

Horse

Power.

Rig.

Build.

Where and when built.

Remarks.

1. Luana

154,075

27

B.H.P. 13

Ketch.

Carvel,

Yokohama ..1921

First Registry (Purchased from Japanese Subject).

2. Chiu Hoi

154,076

9

N.H.P. 9.1

Nil

Hong Kong......1911 |

3.

Man Kung

154,077

113

B.H.P. 800

Nil

Clinker.

""

.1933

Formerly an unregistered vessel as "Tung Tai No. 2 " owned by Chinese Subject. First Registry (New Vessel).

4.

Man Kim

154,078

113

800

Nil

1933

""

5.

Hoihow

154.079

1,629

N.H.P. 196

Schooner.

.1933

""

"

6.

Hai Loong

154,080

26

Carvel.

..1933

do.

do.

ro,

do.

do.

do.

"}

"

...

7.

Ah Chau Chi Hung 154,081

B.H.P. 12

Junk.

}}

8. Tai Mo Shan

154,082

16

13.

Fatshan

9. Man Yeung

10.

Tremahni

11. Seistan

...

12. Cape St. Francis

14. Electric Star

154,083

113

800

Ketch.

Nil



Hong Kong

1933

154,084

4

Junk.

Clinker.

Carvel.

1933

.1933

do.

lo

89,430

1,571

N.H.P. 192.5

Schooner.

Clinker. Yoker

1890

...

125,702

2,170

380

154,085

1,575

218

Whiteinch

Hong Kong

...1908

1933

154,086

59

B.H.P. 460

15. Texaco XI

118,439

884

N.H.P. 159

Not

Schooner.

In & Out

Clinker.

1933

Scotland

1904

16. Hupeh

154,087

1,628

196

"

17. Teine China.

154,088

7

Junk rig.

Carvel,

Hong Kong.... 1933 ...1933

Unknown Unknown | First Registry (formerly unregistered vessel

owned by Chinese Subject).

First Registry (New Vessel).

Vessel registered anew on change of owner- ship in 1933.

Registry transferred from London.

First Registry (New Vessel).

do.

Formerly under American Flag as Texaco XI ex "Kuching

First Registry (New Vessel).

do.

do.

do.

do.

do.

- D 27

Table XXI.

Return of Registers of Ships Cancelled at the Port of Hong Kong during the Year 1933.

Name of Ship.

Official

Number.

Registered

Tonnage.

Date of

Registry,

Rig.

Build.

Where and

when built.

Reason of Cancellation.

1. Tecumseh

135,829

4,217

9.

5. 1917.

2. Shell

154,062 244

13.

8. 1931.

Schooner.

Nil.

Clinker. Flensburg

Germany ...1908 Hong Kong

1930

3. Tsat Ho

123,089 116

9.

7. 1907.

4. Aquilo

5. Chiu On

6. Wan-Liu

116,054 173 152,092 142,189 671

15. 12. 1904.

None.

Clinker.

71

Il

26. 10. 1922.

.1899

1904

do.

16. 5. 1930.

7. Wandsworth Works. 137,809

2,795

25. 6. 1932.

None. Schooner. Isherwood

"

Shanghai

Clinker.

8. Hoihow

154,079

1,629

19. 4. 1933.

Clinker.

Greenock

Hong Kong

1933

་་

9. Hermes 1

151,426

26

8. 8. 1921.

10. Libonotus

152,096

178

6. 12. 1922.

Nil.

None.



Abandoned as a total loss (23rd November,

1932.)

Transferred to Wellington, N. Z.

1895 | Sold to Chinese Subject.

do.

1920| Abandoned as a total loss (31.5.1932).

1916 Sold to Portuguese Subjects.

Transferred to London.

1921 Sold to Chinese Subject.

1922

33

11. Sciron

152,097 178

6. 12. 1922.

1922

>>

"



12. Septentrio

152,098

178

13. Notus

116,058

333

14. Seistan.

89,430

1,571

6. 12. 1922. 15. 12. 1904, 5. 6. 1917.

1922

ንዓ

.1884

do.

do.

do.

do.



>>

Schooner.

"

15. Argestes

133,251

164

16. Megaera

120,158

152

17. Tarcoola

89,450

1,658

18. Winamac..

135,601

3,606

18. 6. 1914. 12. 1. 1932. 11. 5. 1932. 26. 4. 1917.

Nil.

None.

Schooner.

>>

...

Belfast

1896

Yoker, Dumbarton-

shire.... 1890 Hong Kong 1914

Registered anew on change of ownership. Sold to Chinese Subject.

do.

"

""

Willington

1902

do.

Stockton

1913

Sold for breaking up.

19. Hephaestus.

128,693

26

16. 8. 1910.

20. Hai Loong

154,080

26

25. 4. 1933.

Nil.

Schooner.

""

Hong Kong

1910

Sold to Chinese Subjects.

21. Fatshan

154,085 1,575

22. Tacoma

135,832 4,233

9. 9. 1933. 9. 5. 1917.

Carvel.

Clinker,

1933

Sold to Foreigner.

1933

Transferred to London,

Schooner.

}}

Flensburg,

Germany.

1909

Sold to Japanese Subject.

23. Tremahni

24. Hoi Kong

154,084

154,068

4

9.

6. 1933.

217

18.

25. Hupeb

154,087 1,628

5. 1932.

7. 11. 1933.

Junk.

Nil.

Schooner.

Carvel

Clinker.

Hong Kong

1933

Transferred to Portsmouth.

1931

Sold to American Subjects.

1933

Transferred to London.

"

D 28 -

D 29

Table XXII.

Passenger Trade for the Port for the year 1933:-

Passengers.

Emigrants.

Class of Vessels.

No. of Ships.

Arrived. Departed. Returned. Departed.

British Ocean-going,

4,815 253,777 205,472 59,788 23,327

6,611 242,359 207,604 81,345 34,188

7,989 1,214,538 | 1,243,302

Foreign Ocean-going,

British River Steamers,

Foreign River Steamers,

1,986

108,482

Total,

118,272

21,431

1,799,756 | 1,774,650

141,133

57,515

Steam-launches, Foreign Trade.

7,972

Junks, Foreign Trade,.........

22,089

3,050 3,368

69,036 63,423

Total, Foreign Trade, 51,492 1,871,842 | 1,841,441

141,133

57,516

Steam-launches, Local Trade,.| 22,982 287,199 281,855

Junks, Local Trade,..

34,148

7,528

6,999

Total, Local Trade,

57,130

294,727 288,854

Grand Total,....................

|108,622 | 2,166,569 | 2,130,295

141,133

57,515

Table XXIII.

Summary of Chinese Emigrants from Hong Kong to Ports other than in China, during the year 1933.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

- D 30-

GRAND TOTAL.

PORTS.

Adults

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M:

F.

M.

F.

Australia,....

561

1

5*

.

567

...

561

1

567

...

British Borneo,.

1,847

346

131

Dutch Borneo,

4

72 2,396

4

1,847

346

131

72

2,396

..

...

4

...

4

Calcutta,

705

91

...

31

19 846

...

705

91

31

19

846

Cuba (Havana),

21

...**...

21

21

21

Canada,

2,713

70

55

18 2,886

97

5



I

Continent of Europe Liverpool,...

110 2,840

75

62

19

2,996

1

1

1.

:

1

...

Dutch Indies,

163

30

10

I



...

Fiji,

79

79

...

Honolulu,

64

37

13

14

204|13,498 | 2,418

128 289 135

...

1,283

...

54

Jeddah,

84

84

...

...

539 17,738 |13,661| 2,448 | 1,293

79

38 516 353 172

84

540

17,942

79

67

52

644

84

Mauritius,

298

63

14

5

380

298

63

14

380

New Zealand (Dunedin),

38

38

Nauru Island,

262

262

38

262

38

:

262

New Guinea (Raboul),

39

39

39

39

Ocean Island,

140

140

Panama,

164

...

28

...

Rangoon,

1,378

275

126

49

1,828

201

28

30

77

203

266

140

164

140

...

28

1,579

303

156

South Africa,

292

14

317

...

292

14

༄£ བ

203

56

2,094

317

South America,

3

3

3

...

...

3

...

Sumatra (Belawan Deli),

21

2

23

...

1,007 181

64

61

6,461 | 4,752 | 1,123

713 13.049

15

2

3

20

31

1

32 3,088

1

...

Straits Settlements,.....

Tahiti,

United States of America,

West Indies Island,

Total 1933,

Total 1932,

15,230| 5,683| 1,521

|14,764 | 5,199| 1,517

893 23,327 24,596 939 [22,419 (25,422 4,767 2.064

Total Passengers by Foreign Ships, Total Passengers by British Ships,..

Excess of Passengers by Foreign Ships,

967 33,220 40,186 | 9,966| 3,581

1,906 | 55,639

24,596 5,797 2,571 1,224 34,188 |15,230| 5,683| 1,621

893 23,327

9,366 114 1 050

331 10,861

1,313 1.028

183

64

61

1,336

6,231

2,785

952

519 10,487 12,692 7,537 2,075 1,232 23,536

15

2

3

20

...

217

177

52 3,534 3,119 217

178

52

3,566

1

...

1

5,797 2,571 1,224 34,188 39,826 11,480 | 4,092

2,117 57,515

1

}

Table XXIV.

Statement of Average Number of Emigrants from Hong Kong to Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1895 to 1930 inclusive.

1895. 1900. 1905. 1910. 1915. 60,360 66,961 73,105 88,452 109,110

1920. 1925. 84,602 129,004

1930.

235,141

K

Table XXV.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants from Hong Kong to Ports other than in China, for Ten Years, from 1924 to 1933 inclusive.

- D 31 -

Whither bound.

1924.

1925. 1926. 1927.

1928. 1929 1930. 1931.

1932.

1933.

Straits Settlements, Males,

58,051

Straits Settlements, Females,

17,631

78,505 |127,863 |158,788 129.089 113.036 88.498 35.606 19,047 29,422 43,620 40.652 33,460 32,887 14.895

13,618

7,169

14,767

8,769

Total,

75,682

97,552157,265 |202,408 | 169,741 |146,516121,385

50,501

20,787 23,530

Other Ports, Males,

Other Ports, Females,

Total,

Grand Total,

Total

129,859 140,534 216,527 285,593 257,162 | 227,523 | 188,900 |100,869

55,639 57,515

49.427 40,198 54,506 75.003 77,$15 73,426 58,879 44,504 30,149 29,151 4.750 2,784 4,736 8,182 9,616 7,581 8.636 5,864 4,703 4,828

54,177 42,982 59,242 83.185 87,421 81,007 67,515 50,368

34,852 33,979

Table XXVI.

Summary of Chinese Emigrants Returned to Hong Kong from Ports other than in China, during the year 1933.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

GRAND TOTAL.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

PORTS.

Total,

Total,

Total.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

D 32

Australia.

1,017

13

38

12

1,080

823

103

85

50

1,063

1,842

116

123

62

2,143

Dutch Borneo,

36

2

40

65

13

16

11

105

101

14

18

12

145

Bangkok,

1,573

442

238

219

2.472

4.014

1,135 761

592

6.502

5.587

1,577

999

811

8.974

British Borneo,...

904

318

196 145

1,563

170

25

15

8

218

1,074

343 211

153

1.781

Canada,

5,387

472 323 165

6,347

1,029

109

66

32

1,236

6.416

581

389

197

7,583

Calcutta,

2,123

695

440 302

3,560

2,123

695

440

302

3,560

Continent of Europe,

236

58

34

19

347

2,175

221

170 110

2,676

2,411

279

204 129

3,023

Delagoa Bay,

30

30

30

30

*******

Dutch Indies,

19,654

3,044 | 3,039 | 1,930

27,667

19,654

3,044

3,039 | 1,930

27,667

Honolulu,

...

1,171

142

96

54

1,463

1,171

142

96

54

1.463

Mauritius,

111

19

24

15

169

111

19

24

15

169

...

Rangoon,

1,005

263

199

124

1,591

294

77

72

36

479

1,239

340

271

160

2.070

South Africa,

239

41

46

23

349

239

41

46

23

349

South America,

8

3

4

3

18

8

18

Straits Settlements,

26.051

7,5814,788 3,624

42,044

17,232

4,740 3.232 | 2.162

27,366

43,283

12,321 8,020 5,786

69,410

Sumatra (Belawan Deli),

...

United States of America,

134

19

18

7

178 5,411

3,546

1,029

722 475 675 457 255

5,772

3,546

6,798 5,545

1,029 722 475 694 475 262

5,772

6,976

Total 1933,

38,854

9,925 | 6,350 | 4,659

59,788 55,586

11,313 | 8.731 | 5,715

81,345

94.440

21,238 15,081 10,374 141,133

Total 1932,

71,851

17,820 |11,254|7,219,111,144

87,151

15,353. | 11,040 7.708 121,252 | 162,002

33,173 22,294 14,927 | 232,396

Total Number of Passengers by Foreign ships.

55,586

11,3138,731 5,715 81,345

"1

}}

}}

""

British

""

38.85i

9,925 6,350 4,659 59,788

Excess of Passengers by Foreign ships

16,732 1,388 2.381 1,056 21,557

Table XXVII.

Statement of Average Number of Emigrants Returned to Hong Kong from Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1895 to 1930 inclusive.

1895.

104,118

1900. 1905. 1910. 1915. 1920. 109,534 137,814 146,585 151,728 100,641

1925.

129,106

1930.

181,227

Table XXVIII.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants Returned to Hong Kong from Ports other than in China,, for Ten Years, from 1924 to 1933 inclusive.

D 33.

Where from.

1924.

1925. 1926. 1927. 1928. 1929, 1980. 1931. 1932.

1933.

Straits Settlements, Males, Straits Settlements, Females,

Total,.

65,047 52,220 72,194 113.507 100,116 97,960 120,964 | 134,147 98,606 51,303 9,216 8,671 14,761 23,189 20,577 23,117 28,960 35,572 30,011 18,107 74,263 60,891 86,955 136,696 120,693 | 121,077 | 1491924 | 169,719

128,617

69,410

Other Ports, Males,....

Other Ports, Females,

Total,

Grand Total,

51,031 27,888 36,886 38,360 4,900 2,843 4,820 6,044 55,931 30,731 41,706 41,104 67,154 64,313 73,212 114,171 | 103,779 | 71,723 130,194

58,515 55,412 62,803 94,331 85,690 58,218 8,639 8,901 10,409 19,840 18,089 13,505

194 91,622 128,661 181,100 187,847 185,390 223,136 283,890 | 232,396 | 141,133

Class.

D 34

Table XXIX

Bunker Coal and Oil shipped during 1933.

EXPORTS.

1932.

1933.

Coal

Oil

Coal

Oil

No.

No.

Tons.

Tons.

Tons.

Tons.

Steamers,

5,737

River Steamers,

372,639

5,510 108,235

60,450

5,734 426,683

46,995

3,771

4,998 98,961

1,414

Total,

11,247 480,874

64,221

10,732

525,644 48,109

1931

Year.

1932

129

56

8

89

Table XXX.

Comparative Return of Work performed by the Government Marine Surveyor's Department for 3 years ending 31.12.33.

127

47

22

125

11

26

23

00

23

717

730

131

+++

419

179 17,040

79

113

:

Surveys for

Passenger Certificate Surveys for Load- line Certificate.

BSurveys for ottom Certificate.

Surveys for

Emigration Licence.

Measurement of

Tonnage for British

Registry.

Measurement of Tonnage, not for

British Registry.

Inspection & Certific-

ation of Light & Sound Signals.

Machinery &

Boiler Plans.

Surveys of Boilers during Construction. Surveys of Govern- ment Land Boilers.

Surveys of Launches for plying Licences. Surveys of Govt.

Launches & Harbour Buoys, etc.

Ships' Plans Exam-

ined.

Inclining Experi-

ments.

New Lifeboats

Surveyed during. construction.

New Buoyant Appar- atus Surveyed during construction.

Life jackets Inspect- ed and Stamped.

Engineers Examined

B. O. T. Certificates.

Engineers Examined Local Certificates.

Surveys for Safety Radio Telegraphy Certificates.

Estimated Total

Number of Visits in

connection with

Surveys.

98 a

1933

122

47

18

82

32

32

6



15

11

62

7

47

18

64

10

27

732

153

17

15

82 17,275

79

148

689

:

65

17

23

135 14,465

75

149

13

5,729

D 36

Table XXXI.

Government Gunpowder Depôt.

During the year 1933 there has been stored in Government Gunpowder Depôt, Green Island:--

No. Approx-

of

Cases.

imate Weight.

ib.

K

Gunpowder, privately owned,

Do., Government owned...

Cartridges, privately owned,..........

Do., Government owned,.............

Explosive Compounds, privately owned,

Do.,

Non-explosives, privately owned................

655 4

20,055

200

9,169

958,925

20

2,200

9,270

681,752

Government owned,

341

20,380

555

126,225

Do.,

Government owned,

DISCREPANCIES.

Gunpowder, Privately Owned,...................

Explosive Compounds, Privately Owned,

Total,

11

275

352

22,528

20,3771/ 1,932,540

During the same period there has been delivered out of

the Depôt :--

No.

Approxi-

of

mate

Cases.

Weight.

lb.

For Sale in the Colony

Gunpowder,

126

3,780

Cartridges,

156

14,040

Explosive Compounds,

1,852

118,528

Non-explosives,

For Export:-

Gunpowder,...

Cartridges,

Non-explosives,

Explosive Compounds,

Government owned :—

Explosive Compounds,

35

1,750

7,172

645,525

4,536

390,804

140

12,200

Cartridges,

4

40

2

60

Total,......

14,023

1,186,247

D 37

Table XXXI,-(Continued).

On the 31st December, 1933, there remained as follows :-

No.

Approxi-

of

mate

Cases.

Weight.

ib.

Gunpowder, privately owned,

494

14,525

Do., Government owned,

4

200

Cartridges, privately owned,

1,841

299,360

Do., Government owned,

20

2,346

Explosive Compounds, privately owned,

2,882

172,920

Do.,

Government owned,

339

20,340

Non-explosives, privately owned,

415

114,025

Do.,

Governinent owned,

:

Total.....

5,995

623,716

LIGHTHOUSE OR SIGNAL STATION

Gap Rock,

Waglan,

Green Island,

Table XXXII.

Lighthouses and Signal Stations.

TYPHOON

VESSELS

SIGNALLED

'MESSAGES

MESSAGES

SENT

RECEIVED

PERIODS

OF FOG

PERIOD

DIAPHONE

SOUNDED

FOG

SIGNALS

FIRED

AND

NON-LOCAL

SIGNALS

HOISTED

1,028*

4,376

594

78 hours

50 mins.

4,236†

4,387

878

399 bours

398 hours

35 mins.

35 mins,

1,712

565

Kowloon Signal Station,

3,613

* Including 267 by flash lamp.

53

333

......

+ Including 1269 by flash lamp.

495

11

84

- D 38

- D 39

Table XXXIII

Comparative Statement of Expenditure 1932 and 1933.

A. Harbour Department.

Sub-head of Expenditure.

Amount 1932 Amount 1933

* Personal Emoluments.

Other Charges:-

$ 536,517.10

C.

$

C.

529,444.53

Chain Cables for Moorings

21,738.25

Coal and Oil Fuel for Launches

247,718.15

177,787,53

Coal for Offices

4,391.74

2,917.37

Conveyance and Motor Allowances...

4,844.63

5,036.12

Drawing Material, G.M.S. Office......

92.14

Electric Fans and Light......

1,831.36

1,502.47

Examination Fees

1,050.00

1,180.00

Expenses of numbering Boats

1,332.78

1,427.64

Fees to unofficial members of Marine

Court

120.00

40.00

Incidental Expenses

1,338.40

1,050.80

Moorings for Harbour Craft & Rock

and Fairway Buoys

1,470.00

3,361.63

Raising renewing & repairing moor-

ings of Ocean S. Ships

.....

6,198.00

17,982.00

Rent of Offices

5,730.00

5,730.00

Rent Light & Water Allowances for

Slipway Staff.................

2,535.75

3,146.36

Repairs, Minor improvements & Stores

for Launches & Boats

161,828.97

160,425.68

Slipway at Yaumati, Maintenance

2,675.14

1,917.63

Stores & Equipment for Lighthouses.

10,117.80

9,886.77

Sundry Stores .

2,490.71

2,894.23

Transport

460.67

474.73

Uniforms.

6,210.24

5,282.44

Total Personal Emoluments and

Other Charges C. F..........

998,861.44

953,318,32

* Includes Officers of Senior Clerical and Accounting staff and Junior Clerical Services.

D 40

Table XXXIII.-(Continued.)

Sub-head of Expenditure.

Amount 1932 Amount 1933

Brought Forward

SPECIAL EXPENDITURE.

Training Expenses of Asst. G. M. S.

in England

Steel Filing Cabinets for G.M.S.. Drawing Table for G.M.S. ..... Two New Fairway Buoys for Central

Fairway

One. New Fairway Buoy for Southern

Fairway

One 10 ton Block for Southern

Fairway Buoy

Lighting Apparatus for Southern

Fairway Buoy.......................

Five New Launch and Rock Buoys... Two Reversible 'A' Class Buoys New Launch to replace No 11 Police..... New Dynamo to Police Launch No. 8. Spare parts for Engine of R. D. 2. New Motors to H.D. 5 and H.D. 6. Ships particulars supplied by Board

of Trade, London.

$ c. 998,861.44

$

c.

953,318.32

3,850.29

5,667.94 585.00

......

45.00

4,667.00

2,333.00

650.00

2,107.32

1,165.00

4,200.00

13,305.32

6,652.68

1,000.00

949.35

14,325.00

331.36

Instruments for G.M.S. Department...

800.79

New Internal parts for No 6 Police

Launch

6,500.00

Replacement of Motor in Launch H.D.9

8,340.00

New Boiler for S.L. S.D. 2

7,460.00

New Boiler for S. L. No 2 Police.....

11,488.20

Special repairs to S.D. 2

7,450.00

Spare parts for Dixon Bros. Hutchin-

son Kerosene Motor

904.94

2,180.00



One reversible harbour buoy A Class..... Conversion of Commercial Moorings

($152,830.00 spread over 3 yrs). New Water Boat for Tai 0 Station... New Furnace & Combustion Chamber

to Police Launch No 5 Electric Radiator for Junk Office,

Yaumati

39,627.48

350.00

4,590.00

......

83.48

*****

Total Special Expenditure

106,930.50

44,678.65

Total A.-Harbour Department

1,105,791.94

997,996.97

D 41

Table XXXIV.

Comparative Statement of Revenue 1932 and 1933.

Sub-head of Revenue.

1. Motor Spirit Duties,

:-

2. Light Dues, Ordinance 10 of 1899 :-

Special Assessment, Ord. 10 of 1899, ... Buoy Dues, Ordinance 10 of 1899,

3. Licences & Internal Revenue not otherwise

specified :-

Boat Licences, Ordinance 10 of 1899, Chinese Passenger Ship Licences, Or-

dinance 1 of 1889,

Fines,

Forfeitures,

Fishing Stake and Station Licences,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,...

Fishing Stake and Station Licences, from

the New Territories, Ord. 10 of 1899, Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899, Junk Licences, &c., from the New Ter-

ritories, Ord. 10 of 1899,

Steam-launch Licences, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

4. Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes, and Reimbursements- in Aid :-

Court Fees, ....

Engagement and Discharge of Seamen,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,.....

Examination of Masters, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

Gunpowder, Storage of, Ord. 10 of 1899, Medical Examination of Emigrants, Ord.

1 of 1889,......

Official Signatures, Ordinance 1 of 1889, Publications, Sale of, Ord. 1 of 1889, Registry Fees (Merchant Shipping Act),

Amount 1932.

Amount

1933.

$

C.

C.

143.25

117.00

649,147.55 524,435.40 162,712.00 154,950.00

121,355.71 119,369.40

1,170.00

1,140.00

12,171.44

10,268.07

575.48

720.00

41.40

41.40

1,018.10 37,556.50

912.00 39,489,50

12,284.00 11,262.00

15,054.25 16,340.50

82.60

3.30

50,767.64 50,473.86

2,627.50 54,107.45

2,695.00 38,050.00

86,680.90 89,531.70 13,600.00

9,670,00

633.30

510.00

2,862.00

1,657.00

13,230.00 12,390,00

75,836.00 69,001.50

Sunday Cargo Working Permits, Ord.

127,925.00 104,575.00

Miscellaneous,

117.15

160.01

Carried forward, ·

|1,443,526.12 1,255,935.74

Ordinance 10 of 1899,.

Steam-launches, Surveyor's Certificates,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,.....

Survey of Steamships, Ordinance 10 of

1899........

1 of 1891,

D 42

Table XXXIV,-Continued.

Comparative Statement of Revenue 1932 and 1933.

Amount

Amount

Sub-head of Revenue.

1932.

1933.

$ C.

c.

Brought forward,.

1,443,526.12 1,255,935.74

5. Miscellaneous Receipts :-

Sale of condemned stores,

1,110.00

97.70

Other Miscellaneous Receipts :

Pilot Licences Ord. 3 of 1904,

110.00

105.00

Engagement of Masters and Engineers

of Steam Launches......

427.50

356.50

Other Miscellaneous Receipts,

262.02

429.77

Total,..

$1,445,435.64 1,256,924.71

Table XXXV.

Comparative Statement of Expenditure and Revenue for last

ten years.

Year.

Personal (*) Emoluments and Other Charges.

Special

Total

Total

Expenditure. Expenditure. Revenue.

1924

$

318,412.04

C.

$

c.

$

C.

$ C.

304,983.88

1925

451,396.05 381,737.06

623,395.92 833,133.11

997,530.74

878,118.83

1926

571,004,36

84,766.87 655,771.23

820.888.39

1927 653,618.99

21,641.10

675,260.09 1,000,229.80

1928

696,497.98

99,733.94

796,231.92

973,283.46

1929

714,194.35

68,259.67

812,454.02

1,010,061.97

1930

942,271.67

138,788.97 1,081,060.64

1,020,741.02

1931

1,013,003.51

38,028.27 | 1,051,031,78

1,433,534.87

1932

998,861.44

1933

953,318.32

106,930.50 1,105,791.94

41,678.65

1,445,435.64

997,996.97

1,256,924.71

(*) Includes Officers of Senior Clerical and Accounting and Junior Clerical Services attached to Department.

1930 & 1931 include figures for Air Services.

D 43

Table XXXVI.

Light Dues were collected during the year 1933 as follows:-

Class of Vessels.

No. of Trips.

Rate

Fees

Tonnage.

per ton. Collected.

Ocean Vessels,

Steam-launches,

River Steamers,

Total,.

$

C.

5,681 14,610,726 2, cts. 469,743.67

2,623

84,881 2

2,717.76

"

5,032

4,201,698"

51,973.97

13,336 18,897,305

* Charged under Notification No. 147 of 1933.

Table XXXVII.

$524,435.40

Licences issued and Revenue collected at Harbour Master's out Stations.

Station.

Licences Issued.

1932

1933 Revenue Revenue Collected. Collected.

Licences Issued.

Increase. Decrease.

Shaukiwan,

5,711

Aberdeen,.

7,159

$19,702.00 $19,283,50

19,757.15

*k

6,017

$ 418.50

20,463.60

7,050

$ 706.45

Stanley,

776

1,543.50

1,396.05

832

Yaumati,

5,059

46,034.50

† 40,904.25

5,220

Cheung Chau,

5,636

17,152.96

16,110.85

5,800

Tai 0,

2,382

4,867.25

3,992.35

1,699

Tai Po,

2,087

6,304.80

6,142.45

2,207

Sai Kung,

1,050

2,766.50

2,359.25

947

Longket,

1,039

2,524.35

2,472.15

918

147.45 5,130.25 1,042.11 874.90 162 35 407.25 52 20

Deep Bay,

597

1,800.40

3,537.70 1,166

1,737.30

Lantao,

545

1,662.15

1,609.60

541

52.55

32,041 $124,115,56 | $ 118,271.75 32,397

$2,443.75

$ 8,287.56

Nett Decrease,

$5,843.81

* Excluding Dispensary Fees $1,748.20



"

21

"}

3,907.80

K

Appendix E.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1933.

I.—LIQUOR.

The net revenue collected showed a decrease on 1932 of $202,153. The consumption of beer, including local beer, show- ed an increase which is partly due to the inclusion in the figures of heavy stocks held at the end of the year on which duty had been paid under the system outlined in paragraph 4 below. The consumption of spirits showed a decrease due doubtless to the general shortage of money in circulation. The output of native spirit by local distilleries showed a decrease of 92,000 gallons, which is fully accounted for by the general decrease in employ- ment especially in the latter half of the year.

2. Seizures of Chinese spirit showed little difference in the aggregate, but there were fewer large seizures.

The majority was seized on board river steamers, members of the crews of which were frequently implicated. After a ship has been thoroughly rummaged on arrival, arrests have been made fre- quently of coolies carrying ashore a bottle or two long after her arrival. In one case a ship arrived at night alongside her wharf, and on the off-side a rope was noticed attached to a fitting on deck and apparently trailing in the sea overside, but on being untied and hauled in a large number of bottles of Chinese spirit. were discovered attached to it and submerged in the water along the side of the ship. Hollow bamboo poles were frequently seized filled with spirits, which had been bought at a cheap price on board river steamers. Special steps were taken to arrest and put before the courts all carriers of Chinese spirit, when they had obtained it on board after the ship had berthed some time. These cases may have appeared trivial, but it must be realised that a number of street coolies and juveniles are em- ployed throughout the day carrying contraband spirits ashore just in such small quantities as can be easily concealed on the person. One old woman was known to employ no fewer than ten small girls to carry spirits and Chinese tobacco ashore. None of these children will ever admit who employs them. In one case a large number of bottles of Chinese spirit was found on a staircase, at the foot of which a typical street seamstress was innocently plying her trade, but really receiving the spirit. from the children as they brought it ashore,

E 2

3. Illicit Distilleries gave considerable trouble during the year. Two very active centres of illicit distilling were discover- ed, one in the tiny village of Tai Pak and the adjoining ravines in the Northern part of Lantao Island facing Hong Kong, the other by the efforts of the Police in and near the village of Wong Toi Sha near Kam Tin in the Northern part of the New Territory.

Near Tai Pak no fewer than twelve illicit stills were found at various times, of which all except one were in ravines con- cealed behind rocks and brushwood. Special boilers had been built up beside streams and rather primitive methods adopted for condensing the spirit; fermenting material was concealed amongst the brushwood in the vicinity of the stills. The persons im- plicated escaped over the hills in all except one case when an arrest was made by a Police launch. This centre was most per- sistent in their efforts to work illicit stills, and it required several visits both by the Police and Revenue launches to break it up. From enquiries made it appeared that the spirit made was dis- posed of to the adjacent islands of Pingchow and Cheung Chow, and that the workers came from Yuenlong by junk and brought their own materials with them. Search of the huts in the vicinity failed to discover any yeast or sugar, or an excess stock of rice. A mixture of rice and sugar was chiefly used, giving a strong fermentation.

At Wong Toi Sha the Police had great difficulty in locating the stills, if the still was located it would not be in the same place as the fermenting material, or the supply of yeast and red rice used for fermenting. The still head of the usual country type made of earthern-ware was possibly in some cases hired out to anyone who fermented material which required distilling. Careful search failed to find the number of stills corresponding to the number of illicit distilleries found. This group were making genuine rice, spirit. The Police were successful in ob- taining several convictions as the result of all-night work.

4. The Brewery at Sham Tseng, New Territories, operated by the Hong Kong Brewers and Distillers, Ltd., commenced plac- ing beer on the market in July. The product is of a Pilsener type brewed and matured at a low temperature.

At first brewing was conducted in bond, but as this was found inconvenient to the working of the brewery, an arrange- ment was made by which duty was paid weekly on all brewings which took place during the 9th preceding week. This arrange- ment has been found to work well in practice.

5. It is impossible in the case of spirituous liquors and spirits of wine used largely for compounding scents and medicines to make any comparison with the figures for 1932, since the rates of duty were changed twice during that year. On the whole it appears that the reduction in duty was in no way

E 3

counterbalanced by increased consumption. The perfume fac- tories found their export trade with the South Seas very much curtailed by the trade depression existing, while import into China was rendered impossible by the tariff. Two Hong Kong companies worked all their Chinese trade through bottling estab lishments in Canton. Little skill is required in mixing the artificial perfumes and essential oils imported from abroad with Java spirits of wine, hence the business as carried on is prac- tically a bottling business and does not require much plant or skilled labour, so that it can easily be removed within the Chinese tariff wall without much outlay.

II.-TOBACCO.

6. The total consumption of tobacco of all kinds for all purposes showed a decrease of 778,541 pounds, and the net amount of duty collected a decrease of $556,282. A system of Empire preference in respect of both unmanufactured and manu- factured tobacco was introduced. Partly as a result of this the imports of cheap cigarettes of Chinese manufacture decreased considerably.

7. Trade in manufactured tobacco with the South Seas was very poor throughout the year, and manufacturers of Chinese tobacco for export suffered severely.

8. Smuggling of Chinese smoking tobacco was very pre- valent. Over 12,000 pounds were seized by the Police and this department, a very small proportion unfortunately of that which escaped paying duty. Here again the crews of river steamers were the chief smugglers, and some, smuggled tobacco was dis- covered on every river steamer visited by a rummage party. Difficulties of search were increased by the fact that much was concealed amongst the cargo where it could rarely be discovered by the rummage party with the time at their disposal. It ap- pears probable that something like 200 pounds finds its way ashore from river steamers alone without paying duty every day. In one case the spare boiler of a river steamer was found stuffed full of Chinese tobacco in small packets already tied up in bundles convenient for taking ashore.

9. The figure given in the estimates of tobacco revenue, namely $4,600,000 proved to be excessive in view of the trade depression and the appreciation of the dollar. The cheap cigarette locally manufactured is the backbone of the Tobacco revenue and the sale rapidly decreases with any fall in the baro- meter of trade.

III.-MOTOR SPIRIT.

10. The duty collected on motor spirit showed a slight decrease. The general opinion seems to be that little increase in the number of motor vehicles can be expected in the future,

E 4-

while every year improvements in engines reduce the consump- tion of motor spirit. Most of the duty is paid by three large companies who own extensive storage facilities, comparatively little is imported by outsiders.

IV. OPIUM.

11. The total amount of prepared opium sold amounted to only 59,208 taels, by far the lowest figure since the Monopoly was instituted in 1914. The net amount derived from sales was $1,152,851. If from this sum all expenses are deducted the actual profit on the opium which accrued to Revenue was about $680,000. Two causes contributed chiefly to the shrinkage of the figure to a half of that for 1932.

12. At the end of January sales of Hong Kong Opium ceased, and after this all opium of the ordinary grade wasi ob- tained from the Singapore Monopoly in accordance with a re- solution passed at the Bangkok Opium Conference in 1931. Only two sizes were sold in extruded tubes containing .02, and .2 of a tael respectively. Sales which had already fallen from 7,500 in 1923 to 1,500 taels per week, within two weeks of the introduction of the Singapore type had fallen to 800 taels, and after the close of the special campaign against opium divans at the end of October further decreased to about 500 taels or under. Many complaints were received as to the effect the new opium had on the smokers and the Monopoly Analyst was in- structed to investigate the matter on his way through Singapore. He failed to find anything which could account for the extreme unpopularity of this opium, except that it contained a higher proportion of Persian opium than the smokers had been accus- tomed to. It was expected that smokers would overcome their objections when they grew more accustomed to the strange. blend, but this has not proved to be the case.

In fact if any. thing the unpopularity has increased. The strange thing is that no such complaints have ever been heard in Malaya, where there is also a large Cantonese population. It was of course known previously that the Chiuchow and Amoy Chinese had a liking for Persian opium, while Cantonese always preferred Indian opium, but as the Cantonese in Malaya had not displayed any marked distaste for the Government opium as sold there, and moreover Macau which only used Persian opium showed no decrease in the revenue from opium during the past few years after the cessation of open tendering for the Opium Farm, it could never have been anticipated that Hong Kong Cantonese should have manifested such a marked dislike for the new opium.

13. Another cause for the large decrease in sales of Govern- ment opium was the extraordinary cheapness of Chinese raw opium. Probably the economic factor was the stronger, since

E 5

trade and unemployment were markedly bad throughout the year. If the decrease in sales of Government opium had meant that the population were at last turning against opium it would have been a matter for congratulation, but in fact the reverse was actually the case, and never before has opium smoking been so widespread.

Chinese Raw Opium.

14. In 1931 seizures of Chinese raw opium amounted to 22,994 taels in 338 seizures, while in the past year 52,749 taels were seized in 573 seizures. It was reported that the opium trade in the Kwangsi province, through which most of the opium from Yunnan and Kweichow must pass on its way to this Colony, was in a state of suspense for the last six months of the year, owing to a dispute concerning the amount and method of taxation, and there were reported to be no less than six million taels held up at or near the port of exit from that province. The 1982 crop in Yunnan had been a bumper one, estimated at 75 to 100 million taels, but the prices realised proved ex- tremely disappointing to the farmers as well as embarrassing to the province as a whole, with the result that the Yunnan dollar already badly depreciated fell still more, and I was informed that at one time the price of a tael of opium there was equivalent to only five cents in Hong Kong currency. Very little new raw opium of the 1933 crop has yet been met with in seizures here, and there appears every likelihood of Yunnan opium becoming still cheaper before the 1934, crop comes on the market.

15. The retail prices of raw Chinese opium, at the end of the year in Hong Kong varied from $1.80 to $2.00 per tael for opium coming from Canton, and from $1.70 to $1.90 per tael coming direct from Wuchow the port of exit for the Kwangsi province. The actual difference in cost price at these two cities naturally would be slightly greater, as all Canton opium would be taxed first at Wuchow, while that coming direct would have only been taxed in Kwangsi, the opium being of the same quality, all coming from Yunnan or Kweichow. According to accounts of dealing in raw opium examined during the course of the year, it was at times possible to buy raw opium here in small quantities as low as $1.30 to $1.50 per tael.

16. The abundance of Yunnan opium as shown by the fall in price was fully confirmed by photographs which reached the Colony of huge opium convoys, and by accounts in the Press, for example, that on December 9th a huge convoy of 1,600,000 taels arrived at Poseh in Kwangsi from Yunnan, as the result of the settlement of the dispute over taxation.

17. Not only was opium cheap in Yunnan but in one of the Northern provinces the price in the country as paid to the cultivator was only 8 cents per tael. The year 1933 must therefore go down to history as the year of cheap opium throughout China.

- E 6

18. The whole of the Chinese raw opium seized was the produce of Yunnan. It is doubtful if any came from Kweichow province; it is not yet known how the produce of the latter can be distinguished, and so far as is known it has never come to this Colony nor has any mention ever been made of it in any of the thousands of documents relating to opium which have been examined by me during the past 12 years. It may well be that it is blended with Yunnan in Kwangsi and sold as such, the quality being reckoned as distinctly inferior.

On

19. A new type of Chinese raw opium was encountered during the year, in several seizures. It occurred in stone-hard blocks each weighing exactly one pound. It was blackish with a blackbrown fracture. Each brick was covered with Chinese cream-coloured soft texture wrapping paper, on which was stamped the Chinese characters meaning "number two." first breaking no smell of opium was apparent, but on slightly warming the typical smell of Yunnan raw opium was at once apparent. The shape of the bricks and the weight corresponded with that of Persian opium, but the interior appearance was distinct. Ordinary raw Yunnan opium had apparently been heated to drive off all moisture, and the result then melted and pressed into bricks while still hot. The place of manufacture could not be ascertained, but there was some evidence that it came to Hong Kong from Pakhoi, a port from which in former years a considerable amount of Yunnan opium was exported to this Colony.

None of the seizures were made on any import- ing ship.

Persian Opium.

20. There were six seizures of Persian opium, only one of which was found on the importing vessel, a junk which had come direct from Macau to the island of Cheung Chow where the opium was seized.

Smuggling to Malaya by Japanese Motor Schooners.

21. As the result of information received a considerable amount of time was devoted to the investigation of smuggling by Japanese motor schooners to Malaya. As the result indirectly of information given by this office part of the opium landed from a Japanese motor schooner was seized on Islands off the East coast of Johore about 150 miles from Singapore. It had been known to the Singapore Monopoly Department that at least three such vessels had already landed opium nearby, but no large seizures had been made. These tiny craft may be seen frequently anchored off Wanchai; they are generally manned by Formosans with a Japanese captain, and they have long been a source of trouble here as they rarely enter or clear unless com. pelled to do so. Until recently their chief source of income has been smuggling into China, but after the capture of several by Chinese Customs cruisers they seem to have diverted their

K

E 7-

smuggling propensities to Malaya. These craft in a calm sea have a fair speed, and seem to be proof against typhoons and the North East monsoon, though in appearance they are the frailest of craft.

Prepared Opium.

In

22. Of the Red Lion brand seized at least 8,200 taels were destined for export and were seized on the point of being con- veyed out of the port, and it is probable that little of the re- mainder, 2,300 taels, was actually intended for consumption. here. For during the drive against opium divans mentioned below not one single tin of Red Lion was found in use. former years this brand was the one most commonly found in any house searched for opium, but during the year this brand completely disappeared from the local market, doubtless owing to the cheapness of Chinese raw opium. Most of that given in Table XIV under the heading doubtful was found in divans and had been prepared on the premises or elsewhere in the Colony from Chinese raw opium. Only one comparatively small amount of Red Lion was found on a vessel coming from Macau direct, quite different from past years when few ships coming direct from Macau failed to have some Red Lion on board. Wuchow maintained a steady supply, mostly in small quantities at a time, the total amount differing little from past years.

<<

Opium Divans.

23. From the end of April till the end of October a con- centrated drive was made against divans, the results being tabulated in Appendix I. The results would have been still more outstanding had not sickness caused the withdrawal of two of the European Officers concerned. Attention was concentrated The small one on the larger divans using four or more lamps. and two lamps divans were only dealt with when found by ac- cident. If the number of pipes seized were multiplied by six a minimum total would be arrived at for the number of smokers of illicit opium amongst the lower classes, this would give a total of 32,000 smokers. Most of the divans had been in exist- ence some time, and had a regular list of patrons who had ledger accounts and only paid occasionally in lump sums as venient. It was common to find divans with 20 to 30 ledger who accounts as well as a larger number of casual smokers, paid cash for their opium. The gaol accommodation soon be- came overcrowded and large numbers had to be released to permit of the newly convicted keepers being taken in. fines were paid as the real owner of the divan was rarely caught. The coolie in charge known in Chinese as the "T'ai Tang," the lamp watcher, was the man who went to prison. Imprisonment had no deterrent effect whatsoever, unless he was a heavy opium smoker, in which case he would rarely be trusted with the run- ning of a divan.

con-

Few

8 EI

24. The amount spent in the divans ran from ten cents to thirty cents per visit, occasionally larger sums were found enter- ed, but this would be for opium sold to take away, for many of the divans especially those preparing their own opium did a considerable retail trade in opium. Some owners were reported to run ten or more divans, in some cases divans were rented out. An extract from accounts found in a rented divan is given in Appendix II. Once a floor had become known as a divan a considerable goodwill attached to the premises for use as such. In one case, in the Central District one floor was found in use as a divan four times within a few months, each time under a new master. In a case in Kowloon a divan was raided one day, and the master was convicted and sent to prison the next morning. The officer making the arrest, out of curiosity, called at the old address on his way back from the Court and found the divan in full swing again with a complete new outfit, keeper, and attendants.

25. Smokers were not as a rule arrested as the Courts and Police Stations as well as the prisons were kept busy enough as it was to accommodate all those brought in from divans. Most of the smokers appeared to belong to the working classes, but appeared to find time to visit divans during the day time, when most of the divan work was done. As it was the object to arrest the master and seize the illicit opium, it was found easier to identify the master when the divan was not crowded as at night.

26. As the result of the campaign it was definitely proved that the keeping of divans was far more prevalent than before, and that the falling off in the sales of Government opium was not due to any decrease in the number of smokers. The real truth would appear to be that the cheapness of Chinese opium has much increased the number of smokers. In spite of the unemployment which prevailed, ten cents at least per day was available for a smoke in a divan, and an old client could always obtain considerable credit in the larger divans.

27. The opium used in the divans in spite of the low price of raw opium was much adulterated, low grade dross and various kinds of gums being used extensively as filling. Only very oc- casionally was opium found in the original brass tins as im- ported.

Opium Smuggling in General.

28. Apart from seven large seizures amounting to 22.220 taels, the average amount of raw opium in a single seizure was 54 taels, an amount which could be easily carried tied round the waist, especially by women. With the exception of the large seizures the majority was found on mere carriers and in the course of delivery to a host of small dealers. Smuggling by train was very prevalent in the earlier part of the year, and em.

:

E 9

ployees of the Railway were taking an active part until special measures were taken to combat it. Such cases have been com- paratively rare of late.

29. Smugglers of raw opium often worked in gangs, in one case four women met a steamer from Canton in a sampan in the early morning, placed the opium under their clothes and were arrested as they were driving off in a motor car after land- ing at Murray Pier. In another case three women stepped off a train and went up to a female searcher apparently expecting to be let through; unfortunately for them another searcher was on duty and discovered each of them to be well padded with raw opium. In another case four students came down from Canton each carrying a small rattan basket, the sole contents of all being raw opium, one of them was found in addition to have his topee stuffed with opium.

30. Special mention must be made of the seizure of 13,770 taels of raw opium on a steam barge from Wuchow, as she was entering Kapshuimun Pass. The opium was found laid out. on deck in gunny bags, the bags being tied to a long rope, to which was fixed at intervals heavy pieces of iron; the opium being packed in sealed tins would not have suffered by being thrown over-board at some point, which was obviously the in- tention. Convictions were obtained against those in charge of the barge.

31. Dumping at sea seemed to have been adopted as the usual routine and in two cases the sampan was actually caught in the act of picking it up, but according to information re- ceived dumping was also conducted well away from the harbour and especially near the Adamastor rock near Cheung Chow, and near Deep Bay. It was reported that certain steamers carrying opium destined for the Colony discharged into junks well outside British waters, these again discharged small portions at a time into small fishing boats, who brought it nearer, and finally sampans took delivery and ran it ashore. A large number of the outside tins in which the one tael tins of Red Lion were generally found packed bore strong evidence of having been immersed in salt water, doubtless having been retrieved from the sea-bed.

V.-HEROIN PILLS.

32. The campaign against divans led to the discovery of an unusual number of heroin pills. These pills called "Red Pills" in Chinese were found being smoked in opium divans, and occasionally in special divans devoted to these pills only. The price at which they were sold in opium divans was six pills of superior quality or eight pills of inferior quality for ten cents. Smokers were of the opinion that ten cents worth of pills was better value than ten cents worth of opium as sold

..

- E 10

in the divans. It is not, however, known whether any smokers smoked either one or the other indiscriminately according to their inclination at the moment.

33. In several cases smokers in opium divans were found smoking pills which on analysis proved to contain no substance usually classed as a narcotic.

a narcotic. Such pills were found always to contain caffeine as the chief constituent, together with quinine, cinchonine, aspirin or strychnine. The colour was as a rule a very pale pink, and the pills were more roughly made than the genuine kind. The number of cases where such were found being consumed in opium divans tended to give rise to the question as to whether caffeine was not the chief ingredient de- manded by the smoker, and that heroin was perhaps a refine- ment unnecessary for the unsophisticated.

34. One small seizure was made of black pills which in appearance were similar to the anti-opium pills freely sold twenty years ago in China, in the days of strict opium sup- pression, and composed mostly of opium dross. Analysis, how- ever, proved them to be ordinary heroin pills of excellent quality, the only difference being that some very persistent blue- black dye was used in the mix instead of the usual red or pink dye. Presumably the alteration in colour was with the idea of passing them off as ordinary Chinese medicinal pills, many of which are black.

35. Four seizures were made of materials and apparatus for the manufacture of heroin pills, in one case though the factory was not actually working when raided, work had been suspended not long before. In the other three cases the materials were not set out and were apparently in course of removal or arrange- ment in new premises. The materials seized included the following, refined, icing and milk sugar, gum acacia, gum tragacanth, various pink or red dyes especially fuchine, aspirin, quinine, salicylic acid, strychnine, caffeine in considerable quan- tity, atoxicocaine, and strong nitric acid. Heroin was actually discovered in one case only. It was reported that the small quantity of heroin required was brought in by the actual owner of the factory just as it was required when all the other con- stituents had been added. No formula was found, which could be decyphered.

36. In one case a mass of material was found for making pills of various colours ranging from a very pale to a deep pink and from pale yellow to almost brown. No heroin was found in these pills, but only codeine and caffeine, and two bottles containing a mixture of codeine and caffeine. Though this mix- ture was not illegal, the person concerned did not claim the material. Though pills of much the same variety of colours were afterwards seized they were found to contain heroin. containing codeine and caffeine were found elsewhere.

No pills

E 11

37. The commonest pill found was the brand called "Fierce Tiger," the latest label, adopted in August last, being in colours showing a large tiger with one paw on a rock with a small bird in flight above. According to enquiries made the factory is situated in Chinese territory, and the pills in bags of one thou- sand each could readily be purchased in Shanghai. They claim to be made by a firm calling itself the

a firm calling itself the "Lung Ma foreign firm." This brand contains the most heroin, and is always of a deep pink and is the best made pill of the kind encountered. Seizures were made on ships coming from Shanghai, and in the possession of persons either natives of or coming recently from Shanghai. In one case a Shanghai pill dealer was arrested in an opium and heroin pill divan with a packet of pills in every pocket; he was on his rounds of the divans to sell them their day's supply.

A certain number of pills come from Kongmoon; these cannot be mistaken for the Tiger brand, being of a light pink shade. A certain number come from Canton, whence came also some of the pill making material seized.

VI. DANGEROUS DRUGS.

38. Only one seizure of importance was made-that of four pounds of morphia which was seized en route to Manila together with Red Lion prepared opium. The different weights were written in Chinese on the packages. One small package was rather crude discoloured morphia, and the majority had been mixed with caffeine, while a loose label was found enclosed giving a long description in, Chinese of its efficacy as a cough medicine. After careful analysis the analyst pronounced that the morphia itself was not very pure originally before its ad- mixture with caffeine, and was of the type to be expected from any factory working in rather a crude way.

VII.-OPIUM SHOPS.

39. The number of Government shops for the retailing of opium remained at 6, while the number of salaried retailers using their own premises was further reduced to 24, all in the outlying portions of the urban area or in the country districts. By far the greater proportion of the opium sold was retailed through the Government shops, very little being sold in the out- lying districts.

VIII.

LEGISLATION.

40. An attempt was made by legislation to throw respon- sibility on the tenants of a floor or building who knowingly permitted any portion of their premises to be used as an opium divan by their sub-tenants. Several convictions were obtained until one magistrate held that as the person generally known as the Principal Tenant " had parted with the control of the cubicle, bed-space, or cock-loft by the fact that he sub-let, he

E 12

could not at the same time be held to be in control. On the advice of the law officers an appeal was taken to the Full Court, which upheld the magistrate's decision. The position is still under the consideration of the law officers, with a view to de- vising some phraseology, which will express clearly the inten- tion of the Legislature without any possibility of mistake. It was amply proved during the divan campaign referred to above that there is a valuable goodwill attached to premises which have become known as divans, and that this goodwill is a valu- able asset to the principal tenant and enables him to demand more rent from any person intending to use the cubicle cock- loft or bed-space as an opium divan, rather than as a family residence. In many cases the principal tenant who lived him- self in the front portion of the floor, i.e., that nearest the verandah, was the real owner of the divan conducted in the remainder of the floor, but always escaped the consequences because the coolie in charge of the divan was prepared in all cases to take all the responsibility and claim to be the master, producing rent receipts given by the principal tenant made out in his name as tenant for the portion of the floor actually used as a divan.

IX.-TRADE STATISTICS.

41. The work of collecting and compiling statistics of the imports and exports trade continued smoothly during the year, but the anticipated decrease in the actual work of the office was not realized. Early in the year there was reason to believe that, with the continued decline in the trade of the Colony, there would be a corresponding decrease in the labour involved in compiling reports, but this did not prove to be the case. The number of declarations received declined by an average of only 1,238 per month, while the average numbers of queries sent out increased from 1,500 to 2,000 per month.

42. Every effort was made to ensure complete and accurate trade returns, but the figures for imports of Treasure, and ex- ports of merchandise to South and Middle China, were seriously vitiated by circumstances over which the Department had no control. As a result of embargoes on the free export of gold enforced by China and Japan, large quantities of the metal were smuggled out of these countries, and secretly imported into Hong Kong for ultimate shipment to the United Kingdom and U.S.A. Gold thus entering the Colony was neither mani- fested nor declared, and it can be reasonably presumed that the bulk of the export surplus, which amounted to $83.0 millions, consisted of concealed imports from China and Japan.·

In regard to movements of silver subsidiary coin, there was an excess of exports of Canton 20-cent pieces amounting · to $20.0 millions. This coin was smuggled out of South China, and destined for North China, where the silver content was

E 13

extracted for profit purposes made possible by the depreciated state of Canton currency.

43. The demand for monthly and annual issues of the Trade Returns showed a further increase, stocks held by the Statistical Office and the Government Printers being exhausted in several instances, despite the printing of additional copies.

44. In June the Statistical Office was removed from the Beaconsfield Arcade premises which were immediately after. wards demolished, to the first floor of No. 18, Johnston Road, the building formerly known as the Seamen's Institute. The change-over has proved satisfactory in every way, but on ac- count of the comparative inaccessibility of the Wanchai Office to the majority of firms which are located in the Central and Western districts, a branch receiving office was established on the ground floor of the Fire Brigade Building, in Connaught Road, Central.

45. In order to estimate with greater accuracy the actual volume of the trade of the Colony than is possible by a state- ment of values only, an index figure was constructed, taking the year 1931 as a base. Two hundred and two articles including the commonest which could be enumerated by quantity were selected. The comparison is given below.

1931 Base year equals 100 compared with 100 by value

1932

:

1933

28th February, 1934.

92.3

J

J

89.9 by value

89.1

73.2 by value.

J. D. LLOYD,

Superintendent.

E 14



Table I.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE FOR LAST THREE YEARS.

1931

1932

1933

Personal Emoluments (1)

293,320.59

301,251.60

311,632.97

Other Charges

Advertisements

33.00

63.50

Binding Permits

120.00

120.00

120.00

Candles and Batteries

297.00

288.46

289.63

Cleansing Materials & Washing...

286.97

357.77

238.50

Conveyance & Motor Allowances.

4,861.18

3,977.44

3,722.83

Electric Light, Fans & Heating

97.81

49.70

67.28

Incidental Expenses

411.33

502.88

507.65

Laboratory Stores

621.97

686.64

793.17

Liquor Labels, Printing

1,580.62

1,999.75

1,915.00

Office Cleaning Materials

187.73

280.46

224.21

Overtime Allowance for Clerical

Staff

176.50

324.75

270.00

Rent of Staff Quarters in N.T.....

270.00

Revenue Reward Fund

5,000.00

Stationery, &c.

145.08

254.85

143.03

Transport

1,218.99

1,442.28

1,042.46

Uniforms for R. Os. &

Messengers

7,331.88

7,331.58

5,175.15

Opium :-Electric Fans & Light

324.35

374.98

140.94

Fuel

9,467.25

6,167.27

46.27

Incidental Expenses

82.42

57.40

81.05

Miscellaneous Stores

573.71

489.71

388.89

Packing Expenses

8,428.68

10,621.04

8,029.15

Purchase of Raw Opium

706,071.06

462,060.50

362,422.23

Rent of Quarters for Staff...

1,200.00

1,200.00

200.00

Repairs & Renewals

27.35

4.30

Transport

792.85

772.00

374.93

Expenses of 6 Govt. Opium

Shops

11,860.75

12,701.34

Gratuities to Opium Factory

Staff

3,885.22

(1) Includes Officers of Cadet, S.C. & A. Staff and

Junior Clerical Services.

Statistical Branch :-

- E 15

Book Binding

123.00

134.75

134.75

Cleaning Materials

51.24

57.70

98.46

Electric Light & Heating.........

395.17

390.72

346.36

Forms & Registers

13,974.00

12.00

288.00

Incidental Expenses

156.91

123.40

190.66

Miscellaneous Stationery

87.76

16.30

37.80

Printing of Reports

7,542,00

8,250.00

7,316.00

Uniforms for Coolies & Messengers

57.05

5.00

131.00

Total Other Charges

766,724.86 525,214.38

411,655.47

Special Expenditure :—

Purchase of Launch

51,931.40

I

Purchase of Additional Locks

689.94

Purchase of Motor Car

3,281.38

Thompson Gun

551.18

Total Special Expenditure ... 52,621.34

3,281,38

551.18

Total

$1,112,666.79 $829,747.36 $723,839.62

Duties:

Liquor Duties

Motor Spirit Duties

Tobacco Duties

Licences & Internal Revenue:·

Liquor Licences

Motor Spirit Licences

Opium Monopoly

Tobacco Licences

Fines & Forfeitures :-

Forfeitures

Fees of Court or Office :-

Official Signatures Fees

Miscellaneous Receipts:-

Other Miscellaneous Receipts

Total

Table II.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE FOR LAST THREE YEARS.

1931

1932

1933

Gross

Net

Gross

Net

Gross

Net

$

$

$

$

$

$

2,444,980.68

2,416,838.94

2,588,751.68

2,461,497.68

2,358,304.03

2,259,344.20

429,046.45

4,016,274.46

425,359.45

3,364,522.13

668,180.56

660,216.89

662,576.67

652,667.06

3,899,156.27

3,476,137.45

3,158,286.00

2,921,436.05

199,483.33

199,483.33

222,037.50

222,037.50

196,450.00

196,450.00

E 16

3,017.50

3,017.50

3,050.00

3,050.00

3,520.00

3,520.00

1

3,069,564.60

3,019,724.02

2,353,481.10

2,314,226.25

1,163,781.70

*1,152,851.70

50,081.25

50,081.25

86,241.33

86,241.33

77,082.33

77,082.33

557.22

557.22

40.29

40.29

1,058.00

1,058.00

2,220.00

2,220.00

6,515.00

6,515.00

7,283.49

7,278.58

5,512.30

5,512.30

3,581.13

3,581.13

10,221,346.98

9,487,920.42

9,828,630.74

9,231.139.40

7,630,137.15

7,273,507.76

*Less expenses shown in Table 1-$388,270.02-Net $764,581,68.

3

E 17

Table III.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE

FOR LAST THREE YEARS.

Personal*

Emoluments

Specal

Year.

and Other Charges.

Total Expenditure. Expenditure. Revenue.

Total

1931..........

1,060,045.45

52,621.34 1,112,666.79

9,487,920.42

1932......

826,465.98

1933........

723,288.44

3,281.38

551.18

829,747.36

9,231,139.40

723,539.62

7,273,507.76

*Includes Officers of Cadet Service, S.C. & A., Staff, & J. C. Service

attached to department.

Table IV.

RETURN OF LIQUOR DUTY COLLECTED DURING THE YEAR 1933.

European Type Liquor.

Class of Liquor.

Gallons.

Amount of Duty

collected.

$

cts.

Ale, Beer, Cider and Stout.

317,115

235,914.84

Beer (Local)

65,688

39,490.74

Brandy

16,006

119,387.20

"

(Empire)

701

2,590.55

Whisky

27,404

203.082.26

Gin and Cocktail

16,935

125,719.58

Rum

3.276

24,447.66

Champagne and Sparkling Wine

2,166

26,806.37

Claret

2,513

9,147.83

Port Wine

6.528

32,456.92

Sherry, Madeira and Malaga.....

3,978

19,688.02

Vermouth

4,512

16.808.90

Liqueur

2,181

26,902.67

Spirits of Wine

20,865

121,793.85

Spirituous Liquor

11.152

31,828.70

Miscellaneous

6,133

22,833.63

Difference on over-proof,

fractions and arrears of duty

5,270.73

Total

507,153

$1,064,170.45

NOTE :-Fractions of a gallon are not shown in this Table

- E 18

Table V.

RETURN OF LIQUOR DUTY COLLECTED DURING THE YEAR 1933.

Chinese and Japanese Liquor.

=

Liquor Amount of

Amount of

distilled

locally.

duty collected.

Imported

Total amount of

liquor.

duty collected.

duty collected.

Gallons.

C. Gallons.

$

C.

C.

Native

Spirits

not more than 21% of alcohol

by weight

Native Spirits

over 24% of

847,682 1,017,218.40 30,838 46,109.51 1,063,327.91

alcohol

by

weight

61,348 88,842.22

29,413

Northern spirits

over 24% of

136,341,41 225,183.63

alcohol by

weight......

Sake

Difference on over-strength,

30,915

:

...

3,683 5,439.64

5,439.61

fractions and

arrears of duty

182.40

182.40

Total

1,294,133.58

Note:-Fractions of a gallon are not shown in this Table.

Table VI.

SUMMARY OF REVENUE COLLECTED FROM LIQUOR DURING

THE YEAR 1933.

$

cts.

Duties on European Type Liquor

910,547.90

Duties on Spirituous Liquor

153,622.55

Duties on Chinese and Japanese Liquor

1,294,133.58

Licensed Warehouse Fees

400.00

Liquor Dealer's Licence Fees

34,000.00

Distillery Licence Fees

1,000.00

Chinese Spirits Shop Licence Fees

158,950.00

Chinese Liquor Importer's Licence Fees

2,100.00

Total

2,554,754.03

Refund of Liquor Duties

98,959.83

Net Total

2,455,794.20

E 19

Table VII.

RETURN OF DUTY PAID TOBACCO FOR THE YEAR 1933.

Class of Tobacco.

lbs.

Duty.

cts.

Cigars

11,094

27,291.24

Cigarettes

423.578

European Tobacco

12.471

498,597.89 14,572.36

Snuff

19

23.37

Chinese Prepared Tobacco

30,311

33,554.28

Clean Tobacco Leaf

4,228

Raw Tobacco Leaf

2,996,369

4,368.37 2,579,878.49

Total

$3,158,286.00

(1) Duty Paid on Tobacco for the year

Miscellaneous fees

$3,158,286.00

602.53

Gross Revenue Less Drawbacks

............................ $3,158,888.53

236,829.95

Net Revenue

$2,922,058.58

(2) Licence fee.

Retailer's

Squatter's

Importer's

Manufacturer's

Licensed Warehouse

$62,798 00

4,976.00

6,008.39

2,300.00

1,000.00

$77,082.33

NOTE :-Fractions of a pound are not shown in this table.

E 20

Table VIII.

MOTOR SPIRIT DUTIES 1933.

Motor Spirit Duties

Licensed Warehouse Licence Fees

Importer's Licence (General) Fees

Importer's Licence (Special) Fees

Retailer's Licence Fees

Total

MOTOR SPIRIT.

LICENCES ISSUED DURING THE YEAR 1933.

$652,667.06

1,500.00

1,400.00

300.00

320.00

$656,187.06

Licensed Warehouse Licences

6

Importer's Licences (General)

14

Importer's Licences (Special)

3

1

Retailer's Licences

64

Table IX.

TOTAL AMOUNT OF PREPARED OPIUM SOLD DURING THE YEAR 1933.

Hong Kong Prepared Opium

Kamshan Bengal Opium

Singapore Opium

6.241.5 Taels.

19,371

""

33,596.34

Total

59,208.84 Taels.

E 21

Table X.

STATEMENT OF OPIUM TRANSHIPPED DURING THE YEAR 1933.

Persian Chests. Total Chests.

From Bushire via Bombay

600

600

From Europe

80

80

Total

To Kee Lung

To Macao

Total

680

680

Persian Chests. Total Chests.

Table XA.

181

181

499

499

680

680

STATEMENT OF OPIUM IN TRANSIT DURING THE YEAR 1933.

Turkish Chests. Total Chests.

From Izmir via Port Said

350

350

From Istanbul via Port Said...

175

175

From Hamburg

50

50

Total

To Dairen via Kobe

575

575

Turkish Chests. Total Chests.

575

575

E 22

Table XI.

CONTRABAND SEIZED BY REVENUE OFFICERS.

(1) Opium.

Prepared

Raw

Opium dross

(2) Arms.

Revolvers

Ammunition

(3) Tobacco.

Cigars

Seizures.

.15,722 taels

1,490

.41,039

326

2501

14

"

109

5

.20,000 rounds

1

Cigarettes

Chinese Tobacco

(4) Liquor.

Spirit of Wine

European Spirit

Chinese Spirit

(5) Dangerous Drugs.

Heroin

Morphine

.14,769

Cocaine

Heroin Pills

(6) Lottery Tickets

Illicit Still

Illicit distilling apparatus

Sticks of dynamite

Dynamite, pieces

Small Craft confiscated

5

.46,412

42

.10,087 lbs.

233

15.3* gallons

3

120.

1

3,600.

146

''

169. grains

4. lbs.

1

1

75.6 ounces

2

.441,679. pills

56

86,968

3

31

31

10

1f

66

1

1

21

16

*Includes 3 galls. of spirits faked to resemble Whisky, prepared locally.

Table XIA.

CONTRABAND SEIZED BY THE POLICE.

Chinese Tobacco

Cigarettes

2,434.5 pounds 17,789

Tobacco Leaf

Chinese Spirits

Raw Opium (Chinese & Persian)

Prepared Opium, 2nd grade

.. 3,170.2

Prepared Opium, 3rd grade.

33 pounds

832.53 gallons .12,781.84 taels

451.1

E 23

Table XII.

PROSECUTIONS BY IMPORTS AND EXPORTS DEPARTMENT.

Arrests. Convictions. Bail Estreated.

(1) Opium

Possession

Boiling

Importing

2,025

1,807

117

28

27

7

4

2

2

Dealing

(2) Arms.

Illegal Possession

5

10

++

4

(3) Tobacco.

Possession Cigars

5

4

1

Possession Cigarettes

17

14

2

Possession Chinese Tob...

203

173

28

Unlicensed Selling

5

1

1

(4) Liquor.

European Wine

Spirit of Wine

Chinese Spirit

Destruction of Evidence.

2

2

1

1

120

95

3

3

| | " |

- 1000

12

(5) Dangerous Drugs.

Heroin

4

3

Morphine

Cocaine

4

3

Heroin Pills

115

71

1112

29

(6) Miscellaneous.

Lottery Tickets

5

4

Old Wine Labels

1

Dynamite

2

2

Unmanifested cargo

10

9

Total

2,564

2,229

190

11

E 24

Table XIII.

Fines and Forfeitures collected by the Courts under Opium, Liquor and Tobacco Ordinances.

Hong Kong Magistracy

Kowloon Magistracy

District Office, North

District Office, South

$33,055.94

11,283.75

2,877.00

694.57

Total

$47,911.26

REWARDS PAID.

For Opium

$38,956.00

For Drugs, Liquor and Tobacco, &c.

20,994.61

$59,950.61

1.

Table XIV.

ANNUAL RETURN OF SEIZURES OF OPIUM AND DANGEROUS

DRUGS IN THE YEAR 1933.

Raw Opium:--

No. of Cases. Quantity in taels,

Chinese

573

52.749

Persian

6

1,486

Total..

579

54,235

Prepared Opium:-

Macao

1

449

Red Lion Mark

34

10,503

Wuchow

109

3,363

Canton

28

299

Shanghai

1

992

Kwong Chow Wan

10

1,043

Kong Moon

15

190

Indo China (Monopoly)

1

83

Doubtful

1,655

2,505

Total......

1,854

19,427

Opium Dross

46

Opium Water

57

Heroin Pills

82

Morphine Hydrochloride

1

Opium Mixture

12

275 taels

122 gallons

639,563 pills

4 lbs. 192 taels

Cocaine Hydrochloride

1

75 grains

Heroin Hydrochloride

1

167 grains

K

Table XV.

ANNUAL RETURN OF LARGE OPIUM SEIZURES IN THE YEAR 1933.

Places of Seizures.

Kind of Opium.

Taels.

Destination.

- E 25

S/L. Chung Hon

S/L. Tji II

Chinese, Raw

1.000

Export

Red Lion, Prepared

1,600

Export

S.S. Tai Shan

Chinese, Raw

550

Local

M.S. Rio de Janeiro Maru

Red Lion, Prepared

2,000

Export

S.S. Fook On

Chinese, Raw

1,540

Local

Sampan

S.S. San Tseung Victoria Harbour Cheung Sha Wan Empress of Canada Lighter "Hang Tai S.S. Kwong I

S.S. Deli Maru

S.S. Toi Shan

Connaught Road West

414, Des Voeux Road Central

President Lincoln

Po Tak Wharf

2. New Market Street, ground floor

Empress of Canada

S.S. Toi Shan

1, North Street, 3rd floor

Fushima Maru

Red Lion, Prepared

605

Local

Chinese, Raw

900

Local

do.

1,170

Local

Shanghai, Prepared

992

U.S.A. or Canada

Chinese, Raw

1,350

Local

do.

13,770

Local

do.

700

Local

do.

630

Local

do.

630

Local

do.

1,790

Local

do.

860

Local

Kwong Chow Wan, Prepared

976

Manila

*Chinese, Raw

500

U.S.A.

Chinese, Raw

1,600

Local

Red Lion, Prepared

1,800

Manila

Chinese, Raw

540

Local

do.

980

Local

Red Lion, Prepared

2,800

Singapore

*Dessicated Raw Opium.

E 26

Table XVI.

IMPORTATION OF DANGEROUS DRUGS DURING THE YEAR 1933.

lbs.

ᏅᏃ .

grs.

Preparations containing Ethyl Morphine.

Hydrochloride

11

315

Preparations containing Morphine salts

12

426

Morphine salts

Preparations containing Cocaine salts.

Cocaine salts

Heroine Hydrochloride

Ethyl Morphine Hydrochloride

Nepenthe

43

61

4

11

6/1/2

31

Tincture of Opium Concentrated Opium (powdered)

25

Pantopon

Tincture of Cannabis Indica

1

Extract of Cannabis Indica

}

1131

77

Table XVII.

LICENCES ISSUED DURING THE YEAR 1933.

Liquor.

Brewery Licence

Dealer's Licence

Licensed Warehouse

1

34

1

་ ་ ཡཋ

Chinese Wine and Spirit Shop (excluding New Territories) 247

Chinese Liquor Importer's Licence

21

16

Restricted Grocer's Licence

Distillery Licence:--

(a) Hong Kong and Aplichau

(b) Kowloon, South of Kowloon Hills

2

42

4

(c) N.T. North (including Chun Wan and Hang

Hau)

9

(d) Islands of New Territories, South

m

18

Tobacco.

Importer's Licence

60

Retailer's Licence:-

(a) $30.00

1,253

(b) $20.00

1,135

(c) $5.00

524

-2,912

Squatter's Licence $8.00

517

Delivery Coolies Licence $8.00

93

610

Licensed Warehouse

4

Manufacturer's Licence

16

E 27

Table XVIII.

STATISTICAL OFFICE.

COMPARATIVE TABLE OF NUMBERS OF DECLARATIONS RECEIVED AND ITEMS ENTERED THEREFROM IN 1932 AND 1933.

Declarations.

Items.

1932

1933

1932

1933

January

48,547

38,600 112,257

82,263

February

39,910

45,310

95.806

94,677

March

55,266

55,760

120,544

113,153

April

50.041

46,000

107,805

92,776

May

50,869 52,805

103.373

105,269

June

49,077

45,571

98,792

92,036

July

46,987

47,610 93,649

94,610

August

52,300

53,724

102,346

107,724

September

48,902

53,736

101,097

111,751

October

53,300

50,961

111,602 109,065

November

53,600

50,703

112,731

109,453

December

52,100

45,266

108,267 92,521

Total

600,899

586,046 1,268,269

1,268,269 1,205,298

Average

50,075

48,837

105,689 100,442

Table XIX.

STATISTICAL OFFICE.

NUMBER OF MANIFESTS RECEIVED DURING 1933.

Ocean.

River.

Junk.

Total.

January

February

March

962

1.088

1,900

3,950

974

1,062

2,110

4,146

1,169

1,122

2,225

4,516

April

May June

1,104

1,181

2,098

4,383

1,178

1,129

1,924

4,231

1,045

1,025

2,235

4,305

July

1,021

1,061

1,572

3,654

August

1,002

1,096

1,452

3,550

September

958

965

1,600

3,523

October

924

1,018

1,647

3.589

November

978

886

1,711

3,575

December

1,026

1,105

1,463

3,594

Total

12,341

12,738

21.937

47,016

Average per month...

1,028

1,062

1,828

3,918

·E 28.

Table XX.

STATISTICAL OFFICE.

COMPARATIVE TABLE OF NUMBER OF MANIFESTS RECEIVED

IN 1932 AND 1933.

Inward.

Outward.

1932

1933

1932

1933

Ocean

5,935

6,061

6,245

6,280

River

6,252

6,423

6,290

6,315

Junk

10,161

10,692

10,793

11,245

Total

22,348

23,176

23,328 23,840

Grand total

1932.

1933.

45,676

47,016

Average per month

3,806

3,918

Appendix I.

Return showing the number of divans raided and the results for the period 20th April to 31st October, 1933.

Divans

raided.

Keepers

Women & young

No. of

Pipes. Lamps.

convicted. persons convicted as smokers keepers.

Convictions of principal tenants

for aiding and

found.

abetting.

I. & E. Dept.

1,233

4,664

4,486

1,218

116

7,900

30

Police Dept.

296

670

655

222

25

1,430

13

Total

1,529

5,334

5,141

1,440

141

9,330

43

This return covers the whole Colony of Hong Kong.

29

-E 30-

Appendix II.

Translation of an inventory seized in a rented divan.

Borrowed from Ah Pun Furniture and Opium Implements. In case of loss or breakage compensation will be paid on their full value.

List of articles is enumerated below:

Two Opium Pipes......

$14.00

Four Opium Tops

4.00

One Tea Pot

.90

Five Tea Cups

One Tea Pot Tray..

.25

.30

Two Opium Lamps

1.40

Two Opium Trays...........

.80

One Opium Dross Tin

.25

Four Scrapers...

.30

One Oil Pot....

.15.

Two Enamel Plates

.20

Two Opium Dross Plates

.10

Six Pillows

.75

One Brass Lock.

.15

One Set of Scales

.35

Two pieces of Matting

One Soft Pillow

One Table Clock...

3.00

One Horn Pot (large size)

.80

One Horn Pot (Medium Size)..

.50

One Horn Pot (Small Size)

.30

With the exception of Opium Pipes and Tops, for other articles compensation will be paid, at 70% or 80% of their value.

plat

E 31

Appendix III.

R

X

Items extracted from the accounts found in a large divan using 16 opium lamps in the district of Wanchai.

1. Rent for the whole floor per month $34.

2. Fees paid to Chinese Police or Revenue Officers every week, individual payments from 30 cents up to $3.

3. Takings cash varied from $250 to $310 per month.

4. 13 Ledger accounts outstanding were carried over at the end of the year 1932.

5. 16 Ledger accounts were active in the new year.

6. Purchases of prepared opium per month varied from 60 to 80 taels, in addition to some dross, and raw opium.

7. Prices for prepared opium in 1932, $2.20 to $2.40 per tuel, in 1933 $1.90 to $2.10 per tael.

8. Expenses for February 1933:-

K

Opium

$170.10

Rent

34.00

Wages of a woman

12.00

Food

10.00

Miscellaneous

31.20

Total

$257.30

E 32-

Appendix IV.

Prices of Illicit Opium in Hong Kong.

A. Raw Opium per tael.

1. Chinese from Canton $1.80 to $2.00.

2. Persian

from Wuchow $1.70 to $1.90.

B. Prepared Opium per tael.

$2.30 to $3.20.

From Canton $2.90 to $3.60 ($3.20 was average price).

2. From Wuchow $2.70 to $3.20.

3. From Kongmoon $2.40 to $3.50.

4. From Kwong Chow Wan $3.00 to $4.90 (according to

5. Red Lion brand $4.45 to $5.20.

quality).

6. Locally prepared $2.00 to $3.80 (according to quality).

C. Dross per tael.

From $1.40 to $1.60.

More would be paid for genuine dross from Government Kamshan Opium.

Note:-A. The above are the prices paid by the actual smokers. The price to the original importers is a good deal less.

B. There is no regular local market for Persian Opium, prices quoted would be for that purchased for export to the Straits or Netherlands Indies.

-E 33

Appendix V.

Extracts from the accounts of a smuggler of Raw Chinese Opium from Wuchow.

A. Received from Kong Kei, 1st consignment, of Wing Wo

brand:

Taels 1,011.1 net at $1.97 Canton $1,991.81 Commission

Packing

Sales account (i.e. Hong Kong Currency)

2.02 36.00

Sold 680.1 at $2.10

=

298.6 at $2.12

-

$1,428.21 633.03

$2,061.24

Less commission

Remitted

97.80

$1,968.44

B. Received from Ming Kei, 2nd consignment, of Wing Wo

brand:-

30 parcels net 1,530.4 at $1.97-Canton $3,014.88

Commission

Packing

Storage

Sales account (i.e. Hong Kong Currency)

Sold 492 at $2.12

$1,043.04

551.3 at $2.06

$1,135.67

412.1 at $2.10

=

865.41

$3,044.12

Less commission

145.50

$2,898.62

3.08

54.00

153.00

Amount remitted

C. Sales from 17th day of 4th moon to 20th day of 5th moon

(1933) 5,343.1 taels $11,381.34.

20 separate purchasers in quantities varying from 43.6 to

841.7 taels, at prices from $2.05 to $2.20 per tael.

No reduction

The highest price obtained was in the 4th week of the 4th moon, the lowest in the 3rd week of the 5th moon. was made for large quantities.

N.B.

$1 Canton small coin=70 cents Hong Kong.

Canton bank notes were at a varying discount com- pared with small coin.

E 34

Appendix VI.

A prospectus found amongst the papers of a Chinese

Proposed Capital

opium smuggler.

Estimate of expenditure.

$6,000

Each trip, to purchase of 3,000 taels of opium

$1,800

Each trip, to purchase of grocery supplies

800

Sale of each consignment, half in Hong Kong

2,300

1,950

half in Canton

Expenses.

Wages:

Upper portion of the route, for 5 men

Middle portion of the route, for 3 men

Hong Kong branch for 4 men.

$90

50

100

Rent per month for three branches

85

Food per month for three branches

130

Each trip, taxes and conveyance

140

Bonus, 25 per cent. of the profits to be divided equally amongst all the employees.

Initial Expenses:-

Travelling, furniture and equipment $500.

Note:The groceries would doubtless be used to conceal the opium, and the whole consignment would pass as groceries, paying some small tax in transit instead of the much higher tax levied on opium. By "Upper" is probably meant Kwangsai, by "Middle" the province of Kwangtung. Hong Kong itself would be the "Lower".

Appendix F.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR

OF THE ROYAL OBSERVATORY, HONG KONG, FOR THE YEAR 1933.

I.-GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS.

was

Between 21st January and 24th March the radio mast was transferred from the south west to the north east of the Observatory building.-In July the old telescope house demolished and the building of new quarters for the Director was commenced upon the site formerly occupied by the, telescope house and the mast. The new quarters are expected to be completed early in 1934, when the existing quarters will be taken. into use as offices.

II. METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS.

2. As in former years, automatic records of the tempera- ture of the air and evaporation were obtained with a Richard dry and wet bulb thermograph, and the direction and velocity of the wind with Beckley and Dines-Baxendell anemographs. Rainfall is recorded by a Nakamura Pluviograph, sunshine by two Campbell-Stokes universal recorders, and barometric pres- sure by a Marvin barograph. Eye observations of barometric pressure, temperature and cloud are made hourly, and the direc- tion of cloud motion every three hours. Observations of pilot balloons are made with a Watts 11 inch prismatic theodolite at 9h. a.m. and 3h. p.m. when conditions are favourable.

3. The principal features of the weather in 1933 were:

(a) The abnormally low rainfall of August when 1.735 inches fell (1.090 inches in 24 hours) against an average of 14.216 inches. The percentage of cloudiness and total duration of sunshine were respectively the lowest and highest ever recorded in August.

(b) The absence of typhoons seriously affecting the Colony. The highest wind velocity recorded was 67 miles per hour on 29th June and 20th September.

In the first instance, a typhoon which formed in the China Sea to the south of the Colony on 27th June, passed between Hong Kong and Canton on a north east track two days later. In the second instance a typhoon formed to the south of Pratas Island on the afternoon of 19th September, and passed very close to Hong Kong on 20th September. This disturbance had

*

+

F 2

many of the characteristics of the typhoon which caused the disaster of 18th September 1906. It was of extremely limited area, and although its existence was sufficient to cause hurricane force at about 30 miles south east of Hong Kong, it must have commenced to fill up soon afterwards, for the wind began to moderate rapidly in Hong Kong before the barometric minimum was reached (at 10h. 10m. a.m.), and although the direction of cloud motion conclusively indicated the passage of the centre to the immediate south of Hong Kong between 10h a.m. and noon, the subsequent freshening of the wind between noon and 1 p.m. was slight.

4. The tracks of 18 typhoons which occurred in the Far East in 1933, are given in a plate which will be included with the Meteorological Results for 1933, now in the press. The following table gives a summary of the meteorological data published monthly in the Government Gazette during the year:

1.

Temperature.

Humidity.

Cloud- Sun-

Rain.

Month.

iness.

shine.

Absolute Mean

Max. Max.

Mean.

Mean Absolute Min. Min.

Rel. Abs.

Wind.

Direction. Velocity.

- F 3 -

Q

p.c.

ins.

p.c.

hrs.

ins.

m.p.h.

January

72.5

60.9

55.4

51.5

41.4 75

0.34

87

75.8

0.480

NE

8.2

February

79.3

65.1

60.0

56.9

53.2

80

0.42

81

97.9

0.100

E

15.8

March

82.0

69.6

63.6

59.7

47.9 78

0.47

71

131.9

1.015 EN

12.9

April

86.6

77.3

71.7

68.3

57.2 82

0.64

76

145.5

1.915

E

12.3

May

June

90.0

84.0

78.4

75.1

70.7

82

0.80

71

216.8

4.515

E/S

10.8

91.2

87.0

82.6

79.4

73-7

83

0.92

86

153.2

6.440

S

11.7

July

93.0

87.9

82.3

78.8

75.7

83

0.9!

71

209.3

14.310

ESE

9.3

August

92.9

89.5

83.9

80.1

76.0

78

0.90

299.5

1.735

~/E

9.4



September..

92.2

87.1

$1.9

78.3

74.2

79

0.85

65

193.7

12.580

E/N

11.8

October

90.0

82.3

76.7

73.1

64.6 71

0.65

64.

191.6

3.745

ENE

13.2

November.

82.0

75.3

69.1

65.3

59.3

70

0.50

46

203.4

4.135

ENE

10.8

'December

77.3

70.4

64.8

61.4

55.0

74

0.46

47

207.8

1.375

E/N

10.9

Mean, Total or

Extreme

93.0

78.0

72.5

69.0

41.4

78

0.65

68

2,126.4

62.345

E

11.4

-F4-

5. In the following table the monthly rainfall at the Obser- vatory is compared with other records in the Colony.

Matilda

Obser-

Police

Botanical Hospital

Month.

Station

Gardens

vatory

Kellet,

(Mount Fanling.

Kowloon).(Taipo).

(Hong

Kong).

Hong

Kong).

inches. inches. inches.

inches.

inches.

January,

0*480

0.69 0'49

049

0.68

February,

0.100

c'36

0'20

0'10

0'19

¦

March,....

1'015

1.24

1.34

1.39

1.29

April,

1915

1'40

1'95

2.05

163

May,

4515

6.62

5°22

6.42

578

June,

16.440

21.39 21.95

16.36

16.97

July,

14'310

7.63 1558

15.00

7:27

August,

1735

5:30

2'94

2.27

3'02

September,........

12.580

13.22 1465

13.25

15'91

October,

3.745

2.62 3°27

2*34

1*75

November,

4'135

6.82 4'44

2.80

6-75

December,

1'375 2.78 153

1.65

2°30

}

Year

62.345

70'07 73756

64'12

63'54

III.—PUBLICATIONS.

6. The following publications have been made during 1933

Magnetic Results, 1932.

Magnetic Results, 1884 to 1931.

The following are in the press:

Magnetic Results, 1933.

Meteorological Results, 1933.

The Upper Winds of Hong Kong.

F 5

A monthly abstract of meteorological observations is pub- lished in the Government Gazette and copies are supplied to any firm or individual requiring them, and a monthly seismolo- gical bulletin is issued and distributed to other observatories.

7. A weather map of the Far East for 6 a.m. of 120th meridian time, is constructed daily, and forecasts are issued for the following districts:-

A Shanghai to Turnabout.

B Turnabout to Hong Kong.

C Hong Kong and neighbourhood.

D Hong Kong to Hainan.

E Northern China Sea.

}

The map, weather report and forecast are exhibited at the Hong Kong and Kowloon ferry piers, the Harbour Office, Tele- graph offices and the General Post Office. The weather map may be purchased by the public at a subscription rate of $15 per annum. There were 39 subscribers in 1933. A weather map for 2 p.m. is also prepared, but is not published. Morning and afternoon weather reports and forecasts, together with observations made at 10h. a.m. and 4h p.m., are published in the local press.

IV.-WEATHER TELEGRAMS, FORECASTS AND STORM WARNINGS.

8. The telegraph companies continue to transmit twice daily free of charge meteorological observations from Vladi- vostock, Japan, Shanghai, Formosa, Indo China and the Philip- pines. Meteorological broadcasts by radio and the direct radio. services of Shanghai (sent personally by Rev. Fr. Gherzi, S.J.), Indo China, Formosa, Amoy, Swatow, Sandakan and Pratas Island are extremely valuable. Extra observations at half cable rate are also obtainable from a number of stations by the courtesy of the telegraph companies.

9. Weather Telegrams from ships by Radio:--The follow- ing table gives the monthly number of ships from which radio meteorological messages have been received and the number of messages received (each arrival and departure is counted separately).

Mouth.

- F 6-

British (including

H.M. Ships).

H.M. Ships

in Port.

Other National- ities.

Totul.

No. of ships.

No. of

messages.

No. of ships.

No. of

messages.

No. of ships.

No. of

messages.

No. of ships.

No. of

messages.

January,

89

144

IO

144 67

121 166

409

February,

132

220

14

124

36

35

182

399

March,.....

99

164

I I

158 56

97

165

419

April,

104

150 9 152 51



78 164

380

May,

119

175 16

154 38

64

173

393

June,

109 187 14

143

48

July,

1 2 1-

203 19

208

601

99

689

79

171

409

200

510

August,

107

184 18

173

62 104

187

461

September,

139

226

16

167

3353

109

208

502

October,

131

234 I I

109 82 134 224

477

November,

108

213

I I

159 5+ 95 173 467

December,

83 147 10 135 81 158 174

440

1933,

1932,

1341 2247 159 1826 688 1193 2188 5266

1534 2692 192 2704 831 1405 2557 6801

Totals

1931,

1930,

1827 4176 444 10098 829 1432 3100 15706

1515

3117 414 8464 695 1234 2624 12813

F 7

P

10. Weather forecasts, storm warnings and time signals are distributed by radio telegraphy as detailed in the "Notice to Mariners" issued by this Department. Storm warnings to Hong Kong and vicinity are also given by means of the local and Non-Local Signal codes. A telegraphic adaptation of the Non- Local Code is used for issuing warnings by cable to places out- side the Colony.

11. The following table gives the results of the weather forecasts for the past 5 years.

The methods of analysis are

described in the 1918 Report.

Year.

Complete

Success.

Partial Success.

Partial Failure.

Total Failure.

%

%

%

1928

66

31

1929

70

28

1930

65

31

1931

67

30

1932

71

27

1933

71

26

alo MN

432 phot

%

3

2

3

со оооооо

12. Local signals, day and night, have been hoisted during the past 5 years according to the following table.

Warning Signal.

Signals 2-9

Year.

Number of

Number of hours

Number of

times.

displayed.

times.

Number of hours

displayed.

Signal No. 10 Bombs.

Number of times fired.

1929 1930

1931

1932 1933

3 in 200

28

5

88

7

93

8

ΙΟΙ

62

el en invo

46

I

3

37

4

88

I

104

75

V.-METEREOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS FROM SHIPS, TREATY PORTS, ETC.

13.-In addition to meteorological registers kept at about 40 stations in China, meteorological logs were received from 119 ships operating in the Far East. These logs, representing 5699 days observations, have been used for amplifying the weather maps and verifying typhoon tracks. The corresponding figures for 1932 were 112 and 5,111.

F 8-

VI. MAGNETIC OBSERVATIONS.

14.-The magnetic station at Au Tau has been kept in action throughout the year, except from Sept. 26th to Oct. 16th, when structural alterations were in progress. A detailed record of the results obtained at the station during 1933 is now in the press.

VII.-TIME SERVICE.

15. Clocks Cottingham and Mercer 507 (Sidereal) and Leroy 1350 were in use throughout the year.

The necessary astronomical observations for the determination of the error of the former were obtained each evening (weather permitting) by the local staff. Observations of the radio time signals emitted by Nauen at 8h a.m. have been made daily whenever possible during the year, and utilised for clock regulations.

16.

Time Signals were given throughout the year by radio from 9.55 to 10 a.m. each morning and 8.55 to 9 p.m. each evening. Dots of about 0.1 sec duration were transmitted at each second except for periods marking the minutes and half minutes. The evening programme was duplicated by 3 white lights (vertical) on the radio mast, the lights being extinguished each second in accordance with the radio programme.

Hourly signals were sent to the General Post Office, Radic Studio, Railway, the associated Telegraph Companies, and the Telephone Co.

The dropping of the Timeball ceased on 30th June, with the approval of the Naval authorities and the Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce, the opinion being expressed that in comparison with radio-telegraphy and telephony the method had become obsolete. The ball was dropped without failure be- tween 1st January and 30th June.

The errors of the time signals have been published monthly in the Government Gazette.

VIII.-INTERNATIONAL LONGITUDE DETERMINATIONS.

17. In this connection the radio time signals emitted by Tokio and Annapolis were observed whenever possible.

IX.-MISCELLANEOUS.

18. Seismographs. The seismographs have been kept in good order throughout the year. 356 earthquakes were recorded compared with 430 in 1932. The seismograms have been for- warded to the International Seismological Committee, Oxford.

19. Upper Air Research. Observations of 415 pilot balloons were made during the year. Details of the flights will be in- cluded in Meteorological Results for 1933.

--

F.9

20. Lithography. Lithographic work for other depart- ments was undertaken as follows:-

For Dept. Medical and

Sanitary Services

Colonial Secretariat

H.M.S. Hermes

Electrical Dept.

25,270 Charts

1,120 Maps

500 Maps

100 Forms.

21. Staff. The Assistant Director, Mr. B. D. Evans, was on leave from 25th March to 29th November.

22. Expenditure. The annual expenditure on the Observa- tory, for the past 10 years has been as follows:-

Personal Emoluments

Special

Total

Total

Year.

and other Expenditure, Expenditure.

Revenue.

Charges.

$

C.

$

e.

$

C.

1924

41,011.48

11,627.01

52,638.49

14.00

i

1925

41,955.51

41,955.51

79.20

1926

42,566.65

12,341.74

54,908.39

34.20

1927

47,253.17

145.24

47,398.41

30.50

1928

47,292.33

272.70

47,565.03

506.10

1929

48,282.63

...

48,282.63

530.50

1930

68,696.59

1,670.07

70,366.66

506.80

1931

76,037.81

...

76,037.81

735.00

1932

69,518.23

:..

69,518.25

598.00

1933

63,165.42

63,165.42

600.30

23. In the following table the expenditure and revenue for

1932 is compared with that for 1933.

F 10

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE.

1932 and 1933.

1932

1933

Personal Emoluments

61,360.31

55,569.77

Other Charges.

Books and Postage

327.25

257.72

Electric Light and Power

586.54

579.95

Gas

106.28

98.94

Incidental Expenses

68.90

77.31

Laboratory Expenses

1,269.03

Maintenance of Lithographic Plant

269.28

Maintenance of Time Service

43.70

Maintenance of Magnetographs

816.28

2,892.44

Meteorological Telegrams

866.75

733.79

Printing

3,254.00

2,600.00

Subscription towards cost of printing In-

ternational Upper Air Observations..

141.70

154.84

Transport

176.54

105.05

Uniforms

231.67

95.61

Total Other Charges

Total Royal Observatory

8,157.92 7,595.65

69,518.23 63,165.42

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE.

1932 and 1933.

1932

1933

Fees of Court or Office, Sale of Publica-

cations,

598.00

600.30

F 11

-

24. Acknowledgements.--Acknowledgements are here made to the Directors of the Weather Services of the Far East, the Chinese Maritime Customs, and the Commanders of all ships for the observations forwarded during the year, to the Telegraphi companies for continuing to forward observations free or at re- duced rates, to all institutions and individuals who have contri- buted to the Library, to the Observatory staff for the efficient performance of their duties, and particularly to Mr. G.S.P. Heywood, who acted as Assistant Director during the absence of Mr. B. D. Evans.

21st February, 1934.

C. W. JEFFRIES,

Director.

Appendix G.

REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR OF THE SUPREME COURT, OFFICIAL TRUSTEE, OFFICIAL ADMINISTRATOR AND REGISTRAR OF COMPANIES FOR THE YEAR 1933.

ORIGINAL JURISDICTION.

1. 523 actions were instituted in this division of the Court during the year 1933, as against 399 in 1932, 257 were disposed of during the year and 85 were settled or withdrawn before trial, as against 166 and 52 respectively in 1932.

2. The claims amounted to $5,726,915.02 as against $3,917,042.12 in 1932.

3. The debts and damages recovered amounted to $2,313,529.39 as against $1,307,871.47 in 1932.

4. The fees collected amounted to $25,860.00 as against $22,099.00 in 1932.

SUMMARY JURISDICTION.

5. 2,787 actions were instituted during the year, as against 2,696 in 1932.

6. The cases were disposed of as follows:-Settled or withdrawn 701: Judgment for the plaintiff 1,370, Judgment for the defendant 44, Nonsuit 2; Struck off, dismissed or lapsed 89, and pending 581, as against 464, 1647, 64, 0, 66 and 455 respectively in 1932.

to

7. The claims amounted $865,033.45 as against $862,885.51 in 1932 and the amounts recovered were $501,580.51 as against $497,567.28 in 1982.

8. The number of rent distress warrants issued was 2,201 representing unpaid rents amounting to $482,588.10 of which $82,541.77 was recovered by enforced sales in 742 warrants; as against 1,936, $448,739.85 and $56,581.36 respectively in 1932.

9. 1,383 warrants were withdrawn on settlement between the parties, as against 1,260 in 1932 and the remaining warrants were cancelled or otherwise disposed of.

10. The fees collected amounted to $33,398.50 as against $29,238.00 in 1932.

2

CRIMINAL JURISDICTION.

11. There were 130 cases and 146 persons committed for trial at the criminal sessions, as against 99 and 118 respectively in 1932.

12. Of the 146 persons indicted, 94 were convicted, 41 were acquitted and 11 were not proceeded against. In 1932 the figures were respectively 118, 83, 15 and 20.

APPELLATE JURISDICTION.

13. 11 appeals were lodged during the year.

14. 3 were dismissed, 4 were allowed, 3 were settled, and 1 is pending.

ADMIRALTY JURISDICTION.

15. 4 actions were instituted during the year.

16. All the cases were settled.

17. The fees collected amounted to $1,981.00 as against $2,201.00 in 1932.

PROBATE AND ADMINISTRATION.

18. 470 grants were made by the Court being:

Probate

Letters of Administration

178

292

470

19. The figures in 1932 were respectively 165 and 278.

to

20. Court fees amounted $31.182.60 and Official Administrator's commission to $3,797.53. The figures in 1932 were $33,325.99 and $6,216.98 respectively.

21. During the year

the year there were 90 deceased estates accounts on the Court books. The cash balance at the end of the year was $21,399.04.

22. 62 accounts were closed during the year and 52 new accounts were opened. No estate was transferred to trust account.

..

}

G 3

OFFICIAL TRUSTS.

23. The number of trust estates in the hands of the Official Trustee at the end of the year was 20. The invested funds totalled $181,700.59 and £2,850 and the cash balance $11,722.92. 2 trusts were wound up during the year, and no trust was opened.

24. The amount of commission collected was $478.46 - against $171.19 in 1932.

REGISTRAR OF COMPANIES.

25. On the 31st December there were 722 companies on the Hong Kong register, of which 81 were in course of liquidation 194 companies incorporated outside the Colony and not on the Hong Kong register have registered the requisite documents.

26. During the year 94 new companies were put on the register and 46 companies were struck off. No company was transferred from the Hong Kong to the Shanghai register.

27. The fees collected in respect of "China" companies amounted to $141,342.40, and those in respect of other companies to $25,298.20. The fees for licences to keep local registers amounted to $2,384.76.

28. No firm was registered under the Chinese Partnerships Ordinance, 1911, and no firm was registered under the Limited Fartnerships Ordinance, 1912.

29. Deposits to the total value of $4,146,666 have been made by Insurance Companies under the Fire and Marine Insurance Companies Deposit Ordinance, 1917, $1,618,700 representing cash deposits.

30. Deposits under the Life Insurance Companies Ordin- ance, 1907, amount to $1,147,000, of which $282,000 is by cash deposits.

31. The increase in the work of the Companies Registry during the past five years is shown in Table II appended to this report.

REVENUE.

(FEES, COMMISSION, &c.).

32. The total sum collected during the year by way of fees and commission amounted to $314,149.78 as against $325,052.69 in the previous year.

G 4

GENERAL.

The Companies Ordinance, 1932, came into operation on the 1st July, 1933, and fees and forms orders made thereunder were published as Gazette Notification Nos. 592, 596 and 624.

The Divorce Ordinances, 1932 and 1933, came into operation on the 1st November,, 1933.

Rules made under the 1932 Ordinance were published as Gazette Notification No. 678.

One Divorce Petition has been filed.

Ordinance, 1933,

The Criminal Procedure Amendment which conferred a right of appeal in criminal cases, came into operation on the 24th March, 1933, and rules thereunder were published as Gazette Notification No. 331.

One appeal was lodged under this Ordinance and the conviction was quashed.

During the year $716,086.77 was paid into court and $702,460.48 was paid out.

T. M. HAZLERIGG,

Registrar, Supreme Court,

Official Trustee, Official Administrator,

Registrar of Companies..

! ¡

G 5

Table I.

Table showing total number of cases dealt with by the Supreme Court and the expenditure and revenue of the Supreme Court and the Companies Registry 1923-1933.

Total number

Year.

of cases dealt Expenditure.

with.

Revenue.

C.

C.

1923.

962

128,838.62

*69,955.20

1924.

1,549

136,136.69

*69,624.99

1925.

1,908

150,698.14

*121,606.20

1926.

3,416

133,680.40

*117,252.61

1927.

2,267

141,493.29

*96,254.96

1928..

2,330

165,114.93

*101,624.20

1929.

2,303

167.632.95

*102,876.25

1930.

2,016

218,933.24

*95,560.75

1931.

2,113

240,030.30

*97.773.74

1932.

3,095

231,828.63

*155,461.92

1933.

3,315

244,996.00

*170,422.62

;

*Not including amounts paid for fees in respect of licences to keep local registers and China Companies fees in 1933 $143,727.16.

Table II.

Table showing the increase in the work of the Companies Registry.

Year.

Number of

Number of

companies on new companies Amount of the Hong Kong registered during fees collected.

Register.

the year.



C.

1929

560

56

1930

572

63

13,651.70 17,472.60

1931

621

81

20,233.20

1932

674

84

21,958.00

1933

722

94

25,298.20

Appendix G (1).

REPORT OF THE OFFICIAL RECEIVER AND REGISTRAR OF TRADE MARKS AND LETTERS PATENT FOR THE YEAR 1933.

BANKRUPTCY.

New Business.

Forty-one petitions were presented during the year, twenty- eight by creditors, and thirteen by debtors. The assets collected amounted to over $406.000. The liabilities, as estimated by the debtors, exceeded $1,409,000, as against figures of $397,000 and $991,000 in 1932, an increase over the previous year of $9,000 and $418,000 respectively.

2. Fewer small salaried employees filed petitions during the year under review, but on the other hand five Chinese Banks, three pawnshops, three silk stores and three knitting factories, all comparatively large concerns, failed, and this may be taken as an indication of the depressed conditions of trade in Hong Kong.

Fees.

3. The fees received for Official Receiver's commission, and possession fees, amounted to $24,199.34. Fossession fees were, again, paid direct by this office to revenue, instead of through the Registrar, Supreme Court, and are therefore included. A higher scale of fees was imposed by the new Rules referred to in paragraph 5.

Discharges.

4. Seven discharges were granted during the year, three subject to suspension for three months, one to suspension for six months, one to suspension for nine months, one to suspension for twelve months, and one subject to consent to judgment by the Official Receiver being entered against the applicant. No applications for discharge were refused.

Rules.

5. The new bankruptcy rules made by the Chief Justice, and approved by Legislative Council on the 10th November, 1932, came into force on the 1st January, 1933.

Companies. Winding-Up.

6. Three compulsory winding-up orders were made during the year, as against one the previous year, and cne petition was dismissed.

G (1) 2-

7. Comparative figures for the years 1932 and 1933 are

given below:-

COMPANIES LIQUIDATION.

1933

4

-ek

3 41

1932 2 1 42

88

Year.

Petitions for

winding up.

Winding up Orders.

Total Number of Petitions.

Creditors'

Petitions.

Debtors'

Petitions.

Total Number of

Year.

Discharges granted.

Receiving Orders |

rescinded

Adjudication annulled.

1933 7

4

1932 4

1

Assets for dis- tribution.

Receiving Orders.

BANKRUPTCY.

Public Examina-

tions.

Adjudications.

Compositions.

Petitions

withdrawn.

Petitions

dismissed.

consolidated. Petitions

28 13

25 17 30

15

27 31

26 28

888

6 7

6

1

Estimated Liabilities.

Fees in Stamps.

Official Receiver's Com-

mission.

Possession Fees.

Unclaimed

Balances transferred

to

General Revenue.

$

C.

e.

C.

$ C.

བ་

$

C.

I 406,700.21 | 1,409,173.01

5,557.35

19,003.31 5,196

191.49

:

397,638.09

991,452.64

5,550.20

12,805.17 1,216

574.26

REGISTRATION OF TRADE MARKS.

Revenue.

8. The revenue derived from the registration of trade marks showed an increase over that for the preceeding year, although a smaller number of certificates was granted. This is accounted for by the fact that a larger number of existing registrations was renewed.

Opposed Registration.

9. Three applications for registration were opposed during the year. In one case judgment was given in favour of the opponents. The other two oppositions are still pending.

Total No.

of applica

Year.

tions for

regis- tration.

Total No.

G (1) 3

of Regis

Total No.

Total No.

tration

of

of assign-

Total amount

certificates Renewals.

ments etc.

of fees.

granted.

1933

446

401

315

326

$23,445.35

1932

445

421

136

259

18,978.46

It will be observed that this section of the Report has been given in rather greater detail than in previous years.

REGISTRATION OF LETTERS PATENT.

Year.

Number of Registration and Search

Assignment

Total fees.

patents.

Fees.

fees etc.

1933

$100.00

$5.00

$105,00

1932

6

70.00

44.00

114.00

Total Revenue and Expenditure.

10. The following are totals of revenue and expenditure for the department for the year

year 1933 and 1932 respectively (including the salaries of officers of the Junior Clerical Service) :-

1933

1932

Revenue.

Expenditure.

$47,749.69

$27,850.73

33,133.63

29,782.60

W. J. LOCKHART-SMITH,

Official Receiver and Registrar of Trade Marks and Letters Patent.

Hong Kong, 16th March, 1934.

Appendix H.

REPORT OF THE HONG KONG AND KOWLOON MAGISTRACIES FOR THE YEAR 1933.

HONG KONG.

Mr. W. Schofield acted as First Police Magistrate and Coroner from the 1st January to the 3rd November.

Mr. E. W. Hamilton acted as First Police Magistrate and Coroner from the 4th November to the end of the year.

Mr. E. I. Wynne-Jones acted as Second Police Magistrate from the 1st January to the 10th October.

Mr. S. F. Balfour acted as Second Police Magistrate from the 11th October to the end of the year,

The number of cases was 26,162 as compared with 19,155 in 1932.

KOWLOON.

Mr. H. R. Butters acted as Police Magistrate from the 1st January to the 10th October.

Mr. E. I. Wynne-Jones acted as Police Magistrate from 11th October to the end of the year.

The number of cases was 19,925 as compared with 14,418 in 1932.

Table I shows the expenditure of the two Magistracies for the years 1932 and 1933, including the cost of all officers in the departments who belong to the Cadet, Senior Clerical and Accounting, and Junior Clerical Services.

Table II shows the Revenue of the two Magistracies for the same years.

Table III shows their revenue and expenditure for the last ten years in comparative form.

Table IV gives an Abstract of Cases under cognizance of the Magistrates' Courts during the years 1932 and 1933 in com- parative form. The number of offenders previously convicted who were sentenced during the year is shown and the number of offenders who were placed under Police Supervision in ad- dition to their sentences is given.

44

Table V is an analysis of the convicted and sentenced column in Table IV, showing the penalties inflicted under each of the eight main heads of crime in that table. The number of offenders previously bound over whose bonds have been en- forced on committing a breach of the conditions of the bonds is also shown.

H 2

Table VI is a return of boy juvenile offenders brought be- fore the Hong Kong and Kowloon Magistrates' Courts during the year 1933 giving their ages, the offences committed by them and sentences imposed.

Table VII is a return of girl juvenile offenders, giving in- formation similar to that in table VI.

Table VIII gives the number of writs issued from the two Magistracies during the years 1932 and 1933.

Table IX is an abstract of all cases brought before the Hong Kong and Kowloon Magistrates' Courts during the last ten years. The figures of defendants who were convicted and cau- tioned are now shown separately. Prior to 1933, they were included in the figures under the discharged column.

Table X shows the work done by the Magistrates sitting as Coroners.

GENERAL.

The Juvenile Offenders Ordinance, No. 1 of 1932, was brought into force by Proclamation No. 6 of 20th November, 1933, and thus only operated for six weeks. During that period the cases of 205 boys and 56 girls were considered. The pre- sent temporary lack of a Remand Home for girls and of an Industrial School somewhat hampered the working of this Ordi- nance, but in view of the differences of conditions prevailing here and in England (for this Ordinance is based on English law) it is undoubtedly wise to proceed with caution until ex- perience of the best method of administering the Ordinance has been gained.

Proceedings were taken under the Extradition Acts against two persons, and under the Fugitive Offenders Act against one person, for crimes committed outside the Colony. Of the two former, one was committed to prison to await the order of H.E. the Governor and the other was discharged. The latter was also discharged.

Summonses under the Married Women (Desertion) Ordinance, 1905, in Hong Kong numbered three as against three in 1932. In each case an order was made. In Kowloon these summonses numbered six as against eight in 1932. In one of them an order was made.

31st March, 1934.

E. W. HAMILTON, First Police Magistrate.

1

f

-H 3.-

Table I.

Comparative Statement of Expenditure 1932 and 1933.

Personal Emoluments (1)

HONG KONG,

1932

1933

$72,452.49 $68,211.05

OTHER CHARGES.

Electric Fans and Light

146.56

207.82

Fees for Interpretation

96.00

128.00

Incidental Expenses

493.37

363.46

Uniform for Messengers

127.52

119.42

Vehicle hire for serving Summonses (2)

136.70

Transport

229.10

SPECIAL EXPENDITURE.

Law books......

114.92

Total

$73,452.64 $69,373.77

บ.

Personal Emoluments (1)

KOWLOON.

1932

1933.

..$37,178.95 $31,588.09

OTHER CHARGES.

Electric Fans and Light

395.48

351.90

Fees for Interpretation.........、

51.00

37.00

Incidental Expenses

319.18

347.80

Uniform for Messengers

122.29

80.07

Total

$38,066.90 $32,404.86

(1) Includes officers of Cadet, S.C. & A., and J. C. Services.

(2) Now included under Transport.

H 4-

Table II.

Comparative statement of Revenue, 1932 and 1933.

Fines

Fees

HONG KONG.

1932

1933

$ 89,404.91 $112,753.72

254.78

465.60

Forfeitures

?

Arms forfeitures

Foor Box

Arms Fine Fund

18,966.14

13,340.00

250.00

674.38

933.11

260.00

440.11

Revenue Reward Fund

20,098.26 33,056.14

Total..

.$129,658.47 $161,238.68

KOWLOON.

1932

1933

Fines

.$58,689.95 $68,008.45

Fees

Forfeitures

210.30

67.70

6,269.79

7,515.00

Miscellaneous Receipts (Surplus cash)...

1.00

Poor Box

394.24

478.61

Arms Fine Fund

822.30

777.45

Revenue Reward Fund

9,316.35 11,313.55

Total

$75,702.93 $88,161.76

H 5-

Table III.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE FOR

LAST TEN YEARS.

HONG KONG.

(1)

Personal

Year.

Emoluments

and other

Total Expenditure.

Total Revenue.

Charges.

1924.

$46,483.94

$46,483.94

$202,054.25

1925.

45,177.50

45,177.50

161,432.20

1926.

38,623.18

38,623.18

194,263.87

1927.

41,840.97

41,840.97

185,977.80

1928.

41,090.41

41,090.41

113,304.92

1929.

43,508.15

43,508.15

95,333.04

1930.

70,167.87

70,167.87

86,738.45

1931

69,999.95

69,999.95

136,913.40

1932.

73,452.64

73,452.64

109,300.21

1933.

69,373.77

69,373.77

126,559.32

KOWLOON.

1924.

1925.

1926..

1927

Figures not available.

1928.

1929.

1930.

$21,222.57

$21,222.57

$74,374.82

1931.

40,697.67

40,697.67

86,466.52

1932.

38,066.90

38,066.90

75,707.73

1933.

32,404.86

32,404.86

88,162.98

(1) Includes officers of Cadet, S.C. & A., & J. C. Services

attached to the department.

H 6

ole IV.

E MAGISTRATES' COURTS DURING THE YEARS 1932 AND 1933. G KONG.

le and Female Adult Defendants under each Head.

Bound over without further penalty.

Committed to

Prison or

Detained pen- ding Orders of H.E. the

Governor.

To keep the peace and be of good behaviour.

To answer any

charge.

M.

F.

Convicted and cautioned.

Under police supervision.

M.

F.

M.

+2

4

20

F.

M.

Previously

convicted.

58

15

1

F.

...

::

33

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933



M.

...

...

...

1

1

F.

...

...

M.

F.

92

105

12

7

2

::

:

100

43

:

:

...

3

...

46

7

2

Q

44

1

|-

2

***

...

***

...

...

**

...

:

::

...

1

42

6

1

:

9

18

1

...

5

1

1

R

2

...

...



...

1

...

...

...

1

...

:

19

17

...

...

...

1

1

13

...

...

4

:

...

::

4

4

3

1

A

...

10

20

19-2

లు

1

51

1

...

16

4

..

:

220

265

25

38

38

14

3

3

51

80

10

:

...

5

...

::

...

10

25

...

...

1

...

::

2

:::

2

:

...

:

...

...

***

:

***

***

...

...

15

14

6

...

4

2

2

28

28

29

17

120

34

2

Classification of Offences.

Total No. of

charges.

Total No. of Defendants.

M.

Convicted and sentenced.

F.

Total.

H 6

Table:

HONG K

ABSTRACT OF CASES UNDER COGNISANCE OF THE POLICE MA

M.

Cases; how disposed of, and the Number of Male an

Discharged.

F.

Total.

Committed for

trial at the Supreme Court.

M.

F.

OFFENCES AGAINST INDIVIDUALS.

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933 1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

(a) — Against their property.

1. Larceny: Simple

935

960

950

901

697

675

6

Stealing from the person

211

217

187

172

170

145

I

:

Embezzlement and fraudulent

conversion

76

10

.....

Robbery

7

21

Piracy

'

Burglary and housebreaking

127

108

140

Demanding with menaces

10

8

False pretences and cheating

42

77

Receiving and possession of stolen goods

599

734

631

2. Arson

.....

3. Malicious damage

20

10

*ཡརྦྷཝ་ྗ;སྶ

74

10

44

+

26

8

8

...

111

110

13

9

76

738

252

1

11

**

4. Forgery

23

31

31

::རྞྞ 3 :ཀྰ

...

80

4

114

...

80

2

to

28

45

320

..

14

***

ไว้

12

5. Other offences

83

84

87

66

59

28

5

***

375

703

684

108

86

4

9

112

95

171

145

13

14

1

14

44

16

16

4

10

10

8

13

26

13

26

2

1

11

11

6

1

28

45

12

27

3

15

27

19

266

339

283

325

328

11

6

...

16

14

5

71

63

11

11

၁,၀၀

15

...

...

...

...

...

2

10

293

شاه

B

...

2

(b)-Against their persons.

1. Homicide

2. iii-treatment and grievous harm

3. Common assault

4. Kidnapping

5. Sexual offences

6. Other offences

7

13

16

11

196

180

226

14

13

**

1

14

25

ཋཎྜཱཧྨསྶངྒྷསྶ

10

14

...

18

11



192

120

108

24

17

3

2

25

.12

2006:0

2

11

27

6

3

එක

2

127

113

14

31

10

10

10

2

12

I

1

12

2

34

18

::

co Q

45

31

12

7

∞ ∞

2

Co

5

1

...

སྨྲ ཝསཊྛ :༤

22

35

2

2

1

101

6

983

2,652

1,017

23

81

*****

ཙ ཋཧྨཏྟཱ ;ཡཾཊྛསིཾ

37

14

30

14

30

7

2

12

12

:

125

22:3

69

88

25

13

91

...

...

:::

22

101

སྶ ག

6

...

2

:

::

-

7

:

22

7

2

7

a Na

...

2

5

14

~+++

7

9

5

5

10

2

2,726

746

2,244 171

289

917

2,533

62

96

23

113

20

84

20

86

3

24

::

:

:

...

...

10

2

co

...

13

68

109

3

25

31

122

35

128

11

60

19

18

30

78

2

6

2

4

6

...

3,553

5,505

3,753 5,574 2,420 4,000

264

372

2,684

4,372

651

709

32

39

683

748

36

24

OFFENCES OF A PUBLIC NATURE. (o)—Against the Crown and Government.

1. Currency offences

2. Sedition, intimidation and breach of emergency regulations.

3. Unlawful societies

4. Trespass and damage on Crown Land...

5. Theft and damage of public stores

6. Misconduct by Government officers.. 7. Opium and Revenue offences

8. Dangerous drug and goods

9. Other offences

...

Carried forward,

1

...

...

:

...

***

...

I

ntinued.

*ISTRATES' COURTS DURING THE YEARS 1932′ AND 1933.

ontinued.

I Female Adult Defendants under each Head,

31

8

Bound, over without further penalty.

Committed to Prison or

Detained pending Orders of H.E. the Governor.

Cautione Convicted and Cautioned.

Under police supervision.

Previously Convicted,

To keep the peace and be of good behaviour.

To answer any charge.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F':

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

932

1933 1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933 1932

1933

1932

1933

1932 1933

1932 1933

1932

+

1933 1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1

220

265

25

58

38

14

3

51

80

10,

28

29

17

120

34

...

...

...

...

...

2

pay wages.

601

109

92

122

1

34

12

::

1

11

2

102

1

49

6

Q

::

1

1

...

15

24

4

2

2

...

363

197

66

109

41

25

:

10

1

...

تت

::

:

1

:::

46

.58

01:00

16

7

20

::

*~

2

15

16

3

G

372

781

195

712

188

225

26

58

42

108

24

13

1

7

2

I

1

141

129

1

8

6

25

:

:::

C

~

::

10

:.

51

122

14

7

740

1,365

225

801

29

18

:

366

301

26

28

72

1

- H 7 --

Table IV,-Continued.

ABSTRACT OF CASES UNDER COGNISANCE OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS DURING THE YEARS 1932 AND 1933.

Hong Kong,-Continued.

Cases, how disposed of, and the Number of Male, and Female Adult Defendants under each Head,

Bound over without further penalty.

Convicted and sentenced.

Discharged.

Committed for trial at the Supreme Court.

Committed to Prison or Detained pending Orders of H.E. the Governor.

To keep the peace and be of good behaviour.

To answer any charge.

F.

Total.

M.

F.

Total.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

1933

4.000

264

1932 1933 1932

372

1933

4,372

2,684

1933

1932

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933 1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

651

709

32

39

683

748

36

24

1

1

2

:

220

265

25

58

38

14

128

12

3

...

112

34

22

13

12

:

:

22

:

2

118

128

14

12

20 2

3

:

177

134

16

9

15



10

2

10 00

...

...

10



1

19

12

7

22

12

12

15

14

15

14

3

3

1

1

:



2

1

12

...

1

...

***

...

...

·

...

...

:

1

I

182

8

153

190

16

16

25

205

337

237

362

7.

4

14

18

1,552

73

108

1,310

1,660

32

118

5

10

250

10

29

280

279

47

37

3,125

285

571

3,422

3,696

201

221

29

+3

3,522

11

43

2.670

3,565

312

486

80232

21

22

37

128

48

39

230

264

313

488

229

3

302

230

22.

41

22

41

6

4

G

2

2

3,982

6

3,492

3,988

501

370

502

370

...

112

2

91

114

3

10

3

11

41

1

47

41

2

2

2

...

...

784

5

198

789

38

115

38

115

...

1,712

124

109

1,227 1,821

137

218

12

21

149

239

* 1

19,805

1.018

1,615 | 16,449

21,420

2,009

2,384

98

.143

2,107

2,527

51

37

2

...

:

* 5 defendants ordered to pay wages.

...

...

109

92

34

12

6

2

1

:

:

:

1

...

::

11

2

102

...

:

1

...

W 19

1

49

2

1

1

15

24

4

D

2

2

353

197

66

109

41

25

Classification of Offences.

Total No. of

charges.

Total No,'of Defendants.

Convicted and sentenced.

T

ABSTRACT OF CASES UNDER COGNISANCE OF THE

Ho:

Cases, how disposed of, and the Numbe

Discharged.

Committed for the Supreme

M.

F.

Total.

M.

F.

Total.

M.

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932 1933

1932

1932

1933

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

Brought forward,

3,553

5,505

3,753

6,571

2,420

-4:000

264

372

2,684

4,372

651

709

32

39

683

748

36

24

(d) — Against Public Justice.

1. Escape and breach of prison.............

2. Returning from banishment

3. Perjury

.....

4. Bribery

22

1

...

127

150

127

150

1

22

15

22

15

118

...

14

...

12

3

2

128

...

118

14

2

...

128

12

10

3

***

...

10

...

12

1



to

· 5. Other offences

:

::

(e)~Against the Public peace.

1. Breach of the peace

146

138

345

268

143

112

34

22

2. Unlawful possession of arms....... ...............................

25

17

20

19

9

13

3. Other offences

:

:

:

:

22

177

134

16

9

15

2

100

3

19

96

12

22

:

(f)—Against trade.

1. Trade Marks infringement..

29

30

27

30

12

12

2. Employers and workmen offences

8

8

සපා

3. Food and drugs offences

3

12

12

15

14

15

3

3

3

1

105

14

4. Other offences

:..

:

:

:

::::

(g)—Against Public Morals and Police.

1. Begging and touting

192

266

219

274

148

182

8

153

190

16

16

2. Brothels, and procuration of women

264

382

260

392

32

25

205

337

237

362

7.

+

14

18

3. Lotteries and gambling

663

734

1,355

1,808

1,237

1,552

73

108

1,310

1,660

32

118

10

*****

4. Offences against public health

*338

343

343

350

270

250

10

29

280

279

47

37

5. Street hawkers offences

1.450

6,286

4,222

5,606

3.137

3,125

285

571

3,422

3,696

201

221

29

43

6. Obstruction

3 024

4,190

3,027

4,185

2,659

3,522

11

43

2.670

3,565

312

486

*0242

21

22

37

128

48

39

230

264

313

488

..

7. Offences with fire crackers

330

275

332

278

299

229

3

302

230

22.

41

22

41

8. Drunkenness

5

9

5

4

6

4

6

2

2

...

9. Traffic offences of a technical nature

4,131

4,501

4,138

4,492

3,489

3,982

3

3,492

3,988

501

370

1

502

870

10. Dangerous driving of vehicles

95

137

95

133

91

112

91

114.

10

3

11

11. Vagrants and stowaways

50

41

51

14

46

41

1

47

41.

2

2

2

2

12. Unlicensed or unmuzzled dogs

242

929

242

929

198

784

5

198

789

38

115

::

38

115

:

13. Other offences

1 456

2,201

1.456

2,228

1,103

1,712

124

109

1,227

1,821

137

218

12

21

149

239

co

Total,

19,155

26,162

20,050

26,787 15,431

19,805

1.018

1,615

16,449 | 21,420

2,009

2,384

98

· 143

2,107

2,527

51

37

}

*

5 defe

-

19

6

p

...

:..

90

57

...

12

11

2

::

:

...

G

5

le Adult Defendants under each Head.

Bound over without further penalty.

To keep the peace and be of

good behaviour,

Convicted and cautioned,

Witnesses punished for making false

Police Supervision.

Previously convicted.

charge or

To answer any

charge.

giving false

evidence.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932 1933

1932

1933

1932

1933 1932 1933

1932

1933 1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

ed.

STRATE'S COURT DURING THE YEARS 1932 AND 1933.

...

32

9

4

:

Ο

-

లు

10

1

3

45

27

...

-

:.

-

:

N

3

Co

00

:.

22

62

:

::

21

to

7

:

6

:

:

::

:

::

.:.

::

-

::

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

114

73

10

:

17

:

:

23

19

010

-

:

:

:

:

...

11

11

2

11

76

48

5

4

45

...

11

17

*

:

:

26

3

30

:

:

140

112

1

H 8

:

Table IV,-Continued.

ABSTRACT OF CASES UNDER COGNISANCE OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATE'S COURT DURING THE YEARS 1932 AND 1933.

Discharged.

i

Kowloon.

Bound over without further penalty.

To answer any

charge.

Cases, how disposed of, and the Number of Male and Female Adult Defendants under each Head.

Committed for trial at the Supreme Court.

M.

F.

M.

Detained pen- ding Orders of H.E. the Governor.

Committed to Prison or

To keep the peace and be of

good behaviour.

F.

M.

F.

Convicted and cautioned.

M.

M.

F.

Total.

M.

F.

M.

F.

1933

1932

1933

1932 1933

1932

1933

1932 1933

1932

1933

1932 1933

1932 1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932 1933

1932 1933

1932

1933

1932

*

55

12

3

172

58

3

30

13

6

10 CC

14

...

...

CO

9

15 ස

7

:

9

2

11

2

2

157

8

11

284

168

...

6

1

17

7

1

2

1

31

1

5

32

co on

:

::

:

...

::

::

32

1

4

3

45

1

27

3



:

::

2

I

1

:

10

1

...

...

4

1

1

10

7

:

...

3

8

a

2

7

2

29

1

18

22

CO 10 to CO |

*-

...

లు

3

2

1

10

*

46

32

10

...t

16

20

388

:

3

1

1

...

1

12

3

2

15

6

...

3

6

...

72

3

15

48

87

10

3

6

13

16

6

19



157 26 53

:

***

..

...

...

...

...

:

:

::.

...

***

...

...

...

...

716

510

28

12

...

:

...

...

...

....

:

...

:

1

50

62

...

:::

:

:

:

:

1

1

...

...

:

...†

6

...

...

2

...

:

:

:

...

F:

1

M

...

:

***

17

:

***

...

1

4

...

11

...

...

11

114

78

10

11

76

48

ނ



4

...

45

:

10

...

:.

2

...

4

17

Classification of Offences.

Total No. of

charges.

Total No. of Defendants.

Convicted and sentenced.

Table 1

ABSTRACT OF CASES UNDER COGNISANCE OF THE PC

Discharged.

K

Cases, how disposed of, and the Number of M

Committed for trial at the Supreme Court.

M.

F.

OFFENCES AGAINST INDIVIDUALS.

Total.

M.

F.

Total.

M.

F.

(a)-Against their property.

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933 1932 1933

1932

1933

1932 1933

1932 1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1. Larceny and attempted larceny:

Simple Larceny

JAN..

1,140

755

1,111

717

825

Stealing from the person

607

29

854

614

167

55

5

118

101

116

81

76

66

Embezzlement and fraudulent

76

67

29

12

911

172

58

3

30

13

as oo

...

...

conversion

Robbery

Piracy

58

.10

888

16

63

16

37

10

3

40

10

14

9

16

12

...

...

...

Burglary and housebreaking

...

4I

Demanding with menaces

...

6

False pretences and cheating

25

Receiving and possession of stolen goods

487

2. Arson

...

3. Malicious damage

གྒ॰॰ ;

37

50

28

33

...

1

::

88

9

10 CO

14

...

9

28

...

39

:

:

2

6

6

111

...

7

2

...

1

...

1

2

6

24

22

18

2}]

16

19

16

...

1

5

363

50+

386

5

189

190

11

:

16

8

30

4. Forgery

ANOT

13

5. Other offences.

16

164

2220

12

10

20

12

184

14

28+

2

4

198

...

12

8

...

201

...

276

157

8

11

284

168

4

...

:

2

17

1

17

71

1

4

139

14

142

2 10

...

1

...

31

1

32

(b)—Against their persons.

1. Homicide

4

...

2. Ill-treatment and grievous harm

.:.

21

11

20

10

7

3. Common assault

161

162

203

185

81

88

4. Kidnapping

21

9

30

7

15

10 30 10

5

6

10

2

83

91

45

29

1

5

20

5. Sexual offences

6

7

30

I

2

...

2

6. Employment of women and girls

...t

24

24

7. Other offences

60

....

55

72

73

**

...t

17 ...†

4

:..t

21

..t

3

36

28

11

21

47

49

16

18

ཁ ས

රිය

1

10

3

46

32

10

1

...t

16

20

OFFENCES OF A PUBLIC NATURE. (c)- Against the Crown and Government.

1. Currency offences, weights and measures, etc.

18

10

15

10

2

2. Sedition, intimidation and breach of emergency regulations

:

7

11

1

1

3. Unlawful societies

8

4. Trespass and damage on Crown Land.

58

152

2PO

1810

2

1

1

1

6

...

6

191

35

112

38

39

150

12

5. Theft and damage of public stores

22

1

12

00

N

3

:

1

:.

1

2

:

N

2

15

5

...

5

5

6. Misconduct by Government officers

:

5

9

5

12

7

7

1

1

8

1

3

7. Opium and Revenue offences

325

1,774

396

1,892

289

1,663

53

127

342

8. Dangerous drugs and goods

1,790

45

72

19

44

19

9. Other offences

9

237

15

61

246

12

45

:

3

12

48

10

9

184

28

9

212

6

16

6209

3

co



15

3

3

LQ 0 0

48

87

19

...

Carried forward,

2,641

4,005

2,783

4,207 1,712

3,238

122

249

1,834

3,487

690

457

26

53

716

610

28

12

...

:.

:

:

1

*

Witnesses punished for making false charge or giving false evidence.

Police Supervision.

115

Previously

convicted.

106

11

3

C

::

:

:

:

M.

F

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

1932

1933 1932

1983

1932

1933

1932

1933.

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1982

1933

1932

1933

114

73

10

1!

76

48

5

10

4

45

17

26

3

140

112

1

:

Convicted and Cautioned.

To keep the peace and be of

good behaviour,

To answer any charge.

tinued.

[AGISTRATE'S COURT DURING THE YEARS 1932 and 1933

tinued.

Female Adult Defendants under each Head.

Lo Prison or ding Orders Governor.

F.

Bound over without further penalty.

1932 1933

-

:

::

:

:

...

:

94

152

...

32

15

:

:

:

:

......

:

:

:

::

:

::

-

00

8

4

::

5

::

35

2

...

3

::

:

::

:

:

:

::

:

::

2

-

::

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:..

...

:

:

:..

:

:.

7

3

16

7

608

73

งง

7

97

:

:

2

440

I

...

16

28

I

:

:

:

:

:

:..

:

:

:

16

1

...

...

219

233

45

28

162

53

16

...

cluded in discharged column)

913

467

:

:

:

་་་

40

45

27

:

:.

35

207

15

::

:

:

10

:

91

12

296

388



ది

92

Convicted and Cautioned.

To keep the peace and be of good behaviour,

Witness

making fal

fals

To answer any charge.

*I

H 9-

Table IV,-Continued.

ABSTRACT OF CASES UNDER COGNISANCE OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATE'S COURT DURING THE YEARS 1932 and 1933

Kowloon,-Continued.

·Cases, how disposed of, and the Number of Male and Female Adult Defendants under each Head.

Committed to Prison or Detained pending Orders of H. E. the Governor,

Bound over without further penalty.

...

F.

Total.

M.

F.

M..

F.

M.

F

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

457

26

1933 1932 1933 1932 1933

510

1932

1933 1932 1933

1932 1933 1932 1933

1932

1933 1932 1983

1932

1933 1932 1933

1932 1933

1932

1933

1932

19

53

716

28

12

114

73

10

1!

76

18

4

45

17

...

Discharged.

10

61

:

Committed for trial at the Supreme Court.

...

3

...

7

2

2

...

:

+ 40 42

13

4

1

50

14

5

15

::

5

15

2 00

11

200

6

5

10

3

::

:::

...

11

9

2 S

8

16

18

17

7

14

10

2

83

217

31 1,031

783

43

10

66

16

114

180

180

22

1

:

:.

1

23

1

124

341

121

81

81

99

1

72

100

24

21

24

1,162

270

107

2,383 i 1,269

43

20

:::

...

...

...

:::

...

...

***

1

...

94

152

]

8

...

...

32

::

...

...

15

...

::

...

...

...

35

1

...

2

::

:

...

...

12

...

...

7

10

3

...

+

...

...

...

::

16

1

...

:::

219

233

45

28

162

53

16

* 1932 Figures not available.

(Included in discharged column)

:

7

...

...

...

:::



:::::

:::

U

7

3

16

7

2

608

440

78

1

7

...

97

:

DAA

...

16

...

...

28

I

913

467

...

...

Tabl

Кои

ABSTRACT OF CASES UNDER COGNISANCE OF THE

Discharged.

· Cases, how disposed of, and the Number

:

Committed for trial at the

Supreme Court.

2

3

7

:

:

:

8

:::

:

ότι

M.

F.

Total.

M.

F.

Total.

M.

F.

1932 1933

2,641 4,005

1932 1933

2,783 4,207

1,712

1932 1933 1932 1933 1932 1933 3,238 122

1932 1933 1932 1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

219 1,234

3,487

690

457

26

53

716

510

28

12

Classification of Offences.

Total No. of

charges.

Total No. of Defendants.

· Convicted and sentenced.

Brought forward,

(d) --- Against Public Justice.

1. Escape and breach of prison

2. Returning from banishment........

3. Perjury

4. Bribery

5. Other offences

130

13.

...

106

9

...

106

...

...

...

117

132

117

14

13

15

:

3

12

109

118

Q

11

II

...

201

នីតិ

114

400

256

193

57

36

3223

29

37

36

23

31

35

19

28-

22

63

59

17

73

18

62

25

1

1331

7

2

1

:

::

~

::

...

:::

2

4

210

61

26

31

19

==*

46

13

5

15

*****

7

11

27

:

...

::

200

...

:

1

50

44 13

15

11

2

8

...

6

:

***

* 1932 Figures 1

(g)—Against Public Morals and Police.

1. Regging and touting

170

306

181

332

157

276

13

30

170

306

2. Brothels, and procuration of women

142

440

151

412

23

205

112

218

135

423

3. Lotteries and gambling

205

238

812

699

795

660

7

13

802

673

40

4. Offences against public health.

415

176

447

186

349

161

24

10

373

161

56

5. Street hawkers offences

7,352 7,058 7,130

6,346

5,309 3,981

764

1,202 6,073

5.1-3

814

6002

11

2

10

14

10

83

217

31

~ 2 00 20 00

6. Obstruction

7. Offences with fire crackers

2.402

366

2,432

2,172

6

2,178

180

367

836

1

337

22

1

8. Drunkenness

11

...

...

7

:.

7

1

***

...

9. Traffic offences of a technical nature

10. Dangerous driving of vehicles.

}

11. Vagrants and stowaways

2,609

21

2,633

2,544

2,555

2,198 2,331

5

10

2

!

2,203

2,333

29

91

12. Unlicensed or unmuzzled dogs.

13. Other offences

14. Other offences unspecified

365

41

803

1,018

109

70

780

85

70

85

70

340

6

124

341

6

...

8

16

18

17

40

10

66

16

1,031

114

180

23

...

1

...

...

124

...

...

...

682

683

81

***

...

...

...

374

46

1,010

104

280

818

56

281

874

23

75

4

24

79

71

20

99

1

1

24

72

21

81

100

24

1

...

Total,.

14,418

19,925

15,212 | 20,024

11,295

15,229

1,079

1,808 12,374 17,037

2,113

1,162 270

107

2,383 1,269

43

20

(e)— Against the Public peace.

1. Breach of the peace.

2. Unlawful possession of arms...............

3. Other offences

(ƒ)—Against trade.

1. Trade Marks infringement

2. Employers and workmen offences

3. Food and drugs offences..

4. Other offences

:

[

V.

Long.

Masses of Offences during the Years 1932 and 1933 Adults only.

Against Public

Justice.

Offences of a Public Nature.

Against the

Public Peace.

Against Trade.

Against Public Morals' and

Police.

Other Offences.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

1933

1932

1933

1932

1233

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

141

181

3

122

127

31

76

12

1

14

6

7

12

15

11,051

12,846

513

769

904

1,301

116

104

511

910

82

341

89

294

5

4

1

:.

:

...

:

10

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

...

...

:

:

21

...

20

12

10

:

:

÷

...

N

:

5

10

2

3

92

42

30

16

:

:..

...

:



:

:

...

...

N

:

:

:

:

7:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

99

99

89

29

12

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:.

:..

:

19

13

95

112

1

...

:

...

:

:

...

:

28

39

:

6

114

53

13

15

4

640

1,149

209

756

51

122

2

...

·འ

...

...

:

:

5

14

...

:

:

:

...

1

1

CO

:

...

:

...

365

134

143

268

231

70

39

12

19

:

:

:

:

:

3

2

2

4

:.

:

12,258 15,085

808

1,925 1,168

1,860

132

128

1

H 10

Table V.

Hong Kong.

Return of Punishments awarded at Majistracy in respect of Certain Classes of Offen

Offences against Individuals.

Punishments.

Number of persons punished.

Against their

Description.

Property.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

Against their Persons.

F.

M.

Against the Crown and

Government.

F.

1932

1933 1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932 ·

933

· 1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

Fined

Imprisoned in default

Imprisoned without option

12,359

14,929

762

1,050

53

43

10

19

43

34

13

10

258

606

106

141

1,430

3,212 201

532

199

136

8

3

26

10

1

3

690

1,853

108

181

3

1,415

1,191

19

15

1,111

1,154

13

12

26

33

2

1

28

46

122

...

Imprisoned and birched

26

18

Expelled from the Colony

10

7

...

Sentenced to house of Detention

28

39

:

:

:

:

:

:

26

18

:

:

:

10



:

...

:

..

:

:

:

:

A

Bound over to be of good behaviour

196

354

30

-91

150

175

13

12

14

Convicted and cautioned

746

1,365

225

802

37

21

ԷԿ



1

Bound over and fined.

146

106

33

18

Co

3

:

46

55



39

21

10

58

7

20

1

16

:

~

Bound over and ordered to pay compensation

1

1

1

T:

5

20

1

Bound over, ordered to pay compensation and fined

CO

co

:

:

:

:.

:.

:

...

Bound over and imprisoned.

Bound over to keep peace

2

1

1ŏ1

142

35

18

1



:

:

:

:

:.

:

...

:.

:

:

:



40

36

10

1

:..

...

...

Fined and ordered to pay compensation

Bound over to come up for judgment

41

54



Enforcement of bonds

11

15

87

40

7

6

7

...

co

:

...

:

:

2

1

2

:

Total.........

16,571

21,735

1,312

2,540

1,630

1,604

48

61

194

180

26

22

912

2,610

228

365

134

}

M.

Offences of a Public Nature.

Table V,-Continued.

Kowloon.

agistracy in respect of Certain Classes of Offences during the years 1932 and 1933 Adults only.

H 11

1

Against Trade,

Against Public Morals and Police.

Other Offences.

1

14

6

:

:

:

1

:

:

:

1,343

859

239

450

20

D

:

M.

F.

M.

F.

Mi

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

.933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

1932

1933

15

144

363

17

75

7

2

203

1,639

40

121

4

14

19

3

106

106

:

:

**

22

29

7

70

29

12

12

3

8,007

9 726

646

881

19

85

1

J

:

1,092

1,915

272

655

2

...

40

85

2

3

...

:

Against the Crown and Government.

Against Public Justice.

Against the Public Peace.

:

1

:

:

1

2

...

:

:

75

39

1

:

:.

:

:

2

:

00

:

:

:

:

2

16

:.

:

...

:

:

3

35

442

2,060

:

...

:

72

:

:

:

1

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

10

2

:

:.

:..

:

:

:

:

9

LO

35

36

39

2

46

8

4

36

85

10

10

2

...

2

...

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

...

***

:

58

83

...

214

116

117

5

12

338

24

6

:

:

10

...

...

:

:

213

58

12

79

3

2

...

:

1

:

:.

:

:

:

:

...

:

:

:

***

10,515 12,554 1 168 1,993

4+

43

2

Appendix I.

REPORT OF THE LAND OFFICER FOR THE YEAR 1933.

REGISTRATION.

1. During the year 5,152 instruments were registered under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1844,-a decrease of 1193 compared with the preceding year.

2. The total number of instruments registered under the provisions of the above mentioned Ordinance (since 1844) to the end of the year 1933 was 140,571

3. The number of instruments registered each year during the last ten years is shewn in Table I.

4. The total consideration on sales, mortgages, surrenders and miscellaneous land transactions registered in the Land Office amounted to $113,471,319.18, particulars of which are shewn in Table II.

CROWN LEASES.

5. 721 Crown Leases were issued during the year, as against 938 in the previous year-a decrease of 217-particulars are set out in Table III.

6. The number of leases issued each year during the last ten years is shewn in Table I.

FEES.

7. The total amount of fees collected (exclusive of the New Territories) amounted to $126,865.25, being a decrease of $24,689.00 on the preceding year. Table IV shews the Monthly Revenue.

8. Land Registration Fees in the New Territories amounted to $7,041.90, and Crown Lease Fees to $60.00.

9. The total fees collected during the past ten years shewn in Table V.

GRANTS OF LAND

is

10. The total area of land leased during the year under review was 1,256 acres 1 rood and 18, 4/5 poles, of which 1,085 acres, 2 roods and 14, 4/5 poles were dealt with by the District Officers.

I 2

11. Particulars of grants, surrenders and resumptions during the year are shewn on pages U 2 and 3 of the Blue Book for 1933.

SURRENDERS,

12. 84 surrenders of land required for public purposes (including surrenders under Contracts of Exchange) were pre- pared and registered in the Land Office, the total consideration for those required for public purposes amounting to $242,758.16.

STAMP DUTIES.

13. Stamp Duties paid on registered documents (exclusive of Probates and Letters of Administration) amounted to $405,860.50, a decrease of $205,233.40.

CROWN RENTS.

14. The number of lots entered on the Hong Kong and Kowloon Crown Rent Roll-as shewn in Table VI was 8,628 an increase of 599 on the preceding year.

15. The Crown Rents on this Roll amounted to $718,302.59 -an increase on the preceding year of $20,241.80.

16. The number of lots entered on the Village Crown Rent Roll-as shewn in Table VII was 3,146-a decrease of 14 on the preceding year.

17. The Crown Rents on this Roll amounted to $1,534.45 -a decrease of $65.60 as compared with the preceding year.

18. The total Crown Rents amounted to $719,837.04- -an increase of $20,176.20 on the year 1932-mainly due to the sale and grant of new lots in Kowloon and New Kowloon.

DOCUMENTS.

19. 1,562 miscellaneous documents were prepared in the Land Office during the year, being a decrease of 542 compared with the year 1932; viz:-

--

(a) 721 Crown Leases (with Counterparts).

(b) 542 Memorials for the registration of Undertakings relating to Verandahs and Balconies over Crown Land.

(c) 84 Surrenders of land required for public purposes,

street improvements and private Exchanges.

(d) 163 Agreements for exchanges and surrenders. (e) 47 Memorials of Re-entry.

(f) 5 Deeds of Covenant relating to Scavenging Lanes.

L

K

I 3

STAFF.

20. Lt. Col. F. Eaves went on leave on 29th March 1933, and resumed duty as Assistant Land Officer on 22nd November 1933.

Mr. W. J. Lockhart-Smith acted as Assistant Land Officer from 29th March 1933 to 16th August 1933.

Mr. L. R. Andrewes acted as Assistant Land Officer from 28th September to 21st November 1933.

12th April 1934.

PHILIP JACKS,

Land Officer.

I 4

Table I.

NUMBER OF INSTRUMENTS REGISTERED AND CROWN LEASES

GRANTED DURING THE YEARS 1924 тo 1933.

Year Instruments registered.

Crown Leases granted.

1924

6,000

90

1925

4,226

178

1926

4,360

250

1927

4,628

196

1928

4,798

235

1929

4,250

242

1930

5,517

874

1931

6,181

517

1932

6,345

938

1933

5,152

721

Table II.

CONSIDERATION ON INSTRUMENTS REGISTERED IN THe Land OFFICE DURING THE YEAR 1933.

No. of Lots

1-

Description of

Instruments.

Number registered.

or portions

of Lots affected.

Total Consideration.

$

C.

Assignments

1,310

1,699

30,790,791.57

Mortgages and Transfer of

Mortgages

1.688

2,502

45,770,428.69

Reassignments and Certi-

ficates of Satisfaction

1,045

1,312

35,737,182.70

Surrenders

84

107

242,758.16

Judgments and Orders of

Court

66

197

607,371.85

Miscellaneous Documents.

818

1,514

322,786.21

Probates and Letters of

Administration, (Estate

Duties and Interest

$324,585.78)

141

297

Total

5,152

7,628 $113,471,319.18



- I 5

---

Table III.

CROWN LEASES GRANTED DURING THE YEAR 1933.

Hong Kong

Kowloon

Marine

Inland

Rural Building

Shaukiwan Marine

Shaukiwan Inland

Quarry Bay Marine

Quarry Bay Inland

Permanent Pier

Kowloon Inland

Kowloon Permanent Pier

Kowloon Garden

Hung Hom Inland

New Kowloon Permanent Pier

New Kowloon

TOTAL

New Kowloon Inland

Tsing I. Marine

13 98 6

I 3 3

4

4299 15 1 3 2 268 1

Table IV.

721

RETURN OF MONTHLY REVENUE PAID IN STAMPS TO THE LAND OFFICE DURING THE YEAR 1933.

Searches,

Month.

Registration Documents,

Copy

Crown

Lease

Total.

of Deeds

and Certi-

Fees.

fications.

$

$ c.

$ c.

C.

January February March April

8.606.00

707.00

4,200.00

13,513.00

5.363.00

569.75

4,380.00

10,312.75

7,702.00

209.00

3,510.00

12,021.00

5.387.00

667.75

2,190.00

8,244.75

May

7,175.00

793.00

2,490.00

10,458.00

June

5,848.00

582.00

1,620.00

8,050.00

July

5,993.00

791.75

3,270.00

10,054.75

August

6,600.00

855.00

3,390.00

10,845.00

September

6,616.00

632.00

2,160.00

9,408.00

October

7,078.00

574.00

2,070.00

9,722.00

November

7,286.00

816.00

2.940.00

11,042.00

December

7,854.00

750.00

4,590.00

13,194.00

Totals

81,508.00 8,547.25 36,810.00

126,865.25

$151,554.25

1932 Total

126,865.25

1933 Total

$ 24,689.00

Decrease.

I 6.

Table V.

FEES COLLECTED DURING THE YEARS 1924 To 1933.

Searches,

Year.

Registration

of Deeds.

and Copies Grants of

of Docu-

Total.

Leases.

ments.

$ 0.

$ c.

$

C.

C.

1924

93,304.00

5,824.25 2,470.00

101,598.25

1925

65,068.00

4,778.75 5,210.00

75,056.75

1926

65,843.00

4,443.00 7,635.00

77,921.00

1927

67,115.00

5,050.50 5,442.00

77,607.50

1928

72,815.00

6,640.00 6,630.00

86,085.00

1929

63,478.00

5,498.50 7,100.00

76,076.50

1930

84,339.00

7,043.75 25,472.00

116,854.75

1931

94,054.00

7,254.00 17,290.00

118,598.00

1

1932

98,335.00

8,789.25 44,430.00

151,554.25

1933

81,508.00

8,547.25 36,810.00

126,865.25

I 7

Table VI.

HONG KONG AND KOWLOON RENT ROLL.

Locality and Description.

No. of Lots.

Total Crown Rent.

$

C.

Victoria Marine Lot

418

81,494.88

Praya Reclamation Marine...

Lot

40

Inland Lot

2,939

2,446.39 264,034.32

Quarry Bay Marine Lot

3

18,914.00

Inland Lot

13

23

Victoria Farm Lot

8

4,024.00 401.55

Garden Lot

47

Rural Building Lot

235

1,490.00 45,387.58

Aberdeen Marine Lot

5

579.16

Inland Lot

Aplichau Marine Lot

Inland Lot

86

1,108.60

24

152.84

42

269.48

Shaukiwan Marine Lot

10

2,308.00

Inland Lot

231

12

5,053.57

Stanley Inland Lot

4

4.00

Pokfulum Dairy Farm Lot

4

2,702.00

Kowloon Marine Lot

57

50,895.00

Inland Lot

35

2,321

126,948.37

Garden Lot

1

""

1.00

Hung Hom Marine Lot

""

Sheko Inland Lot

Tai Tam Inland Lot

Tong Po Inland Lot

New Kowloon Marine Lot

2

6,140.00

Inland Lot

156

9,234.00

4

17.00

1

1.00

1

1.00

3

18,938.00

Inland Lot

1,908

62,353.35

Farm Lot

6

272.50

Rural Building Lot

1

42.00

Tai Po Inland Lot

10

838.00

Fan Ling Lot

2

1,900.00

Sheung Shui Lot

5

918.00

Ping Chau Farm Lot

225.00

Mining Lot

2

1,590.00

Tsun Wan Marine Lot

5

4,376.00

Inland Lot

14

71

2,278.00

New Kowloon Dairy Farm Lot

18

888.00

Tsing I Marine Lot

1

Total

8,628

76.00

$718,302.59

— 1 8 -

Table VII.

VILLAGE RENT ROLL.

No. of

Locality and Description.

Lots.

Total Crown

Rent.

1

Aberdeen

Pokfulam

Tai Hang

157

Ah Kung Ngam

Shaukiwan

Hau Pui Loong

༤ མ༤གིམལ

16

47.50

24

28.25

633.50

25

18.25

27

15.00

12

44.00

Wong Tsuk Hang

2

34.50

Tai Hang Stream

16

67.00

Tong Po

1

2.50

Tytam

1

3.50

Tytam Tuk

3

2.50

Chung Hom Bay

1

.50

Chinese Joss House, Bowen Road

Victoria

1

3.00

Aplichau

42

75.00

Telegraph Bay

13

43.50

Little Hong Kong

1,578

280.75

Shek O

Hok Tsui

327

74.50

177

34.90

Chai Wan

723

125.80

Total

3,146

$1.534.45

- I 9

REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR OF MARRIAGES

FOR THE YEAR 1933.

MARRIAGES.

The number of Marriages celebrated in the Colony during the year was 283, (of which 115 were between Chinese persons) as compared with 265 (and 122) respectively in 1932-an increase of 18. Particulars are given in Table I infra.

FEES.

2. The total amount of Fees received under the Second Schedule of the Marriage Ordinance 1875, was $2,440.00 as compared with $3,198.97 in 1932-a decrease of $758.97. Particulars are shewn in Table II.

12th April 1934.

PHILIP JACKS, Registrar of Marriages.

Table I.

(1) Marriages by SPECIAL. LICENCE, 19.

(a) At Licenced Places of

Public Worship.

(b) At the Office of the Registrar of Marriages.

7.

12.

(2) Marriages by REGISTRAR'S CERTIFICATE, 262.

(a) At Licenced Places of

Public Worship.

172.

(b) At the Office of the

Registrar of Marriages. 90.

(3) Marriages in ARTICULO MORTIS, (Ordinance No. 3 of

1893 Section 2).

At St. Paul's (The French) Hospital, Hong Kong, one. At The Kowloon Hospital, one.

I 10

Table II.

FEES RECEIVED DURING 1933.

Fee.

Total Fees

278 Certificates of Notice

(Registrar's Certificates)

@ $1.00

278.00

14 Searches

@ $1.00

14.00

58 Certified Copies

$1.00

58.00

1 Certified Copy

Free of Charge

7 Licences to Registrar of Marriages

to issue his Certificates

@ $10.00

70.00

20 Special Licences

@ $50.00

1,000.00

102 Marriages at the Office of the

Registrar

@ $10.00

1,020.00

Total

$2,440.00

1

Appendix J.

REPORT ON THE NEW TERRITORIES FOR THE YEAR 1933.

DEPARTMENT OF DISTRICT OFFICE, NORTH.

STAFF.

Mr. E. H. WILLIAMS continued as District Officer during the year.

EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE.

2. Tables I, II (a), II (b) and II (c) show comparative details of the expenditure and revenue of the department for the years 1932 and 1933. Revenue from the district in the form of duties on liquors and tobaccos is not included, being paid to the Imports and Exports Department.

3. The total revenue shews an increase of over $16,000 principally under the headings of Crown Rent and Land Sales.

4. Table III shows a comparative statement of the revenue and expenditure of the Department for the last ten years.

5.

MAGISTRACY.

Tables IV to VIII show the details of cases heard during the year by the District Officer in his capacity as Police Magistrate and Judge of the Small Debts Court. Table VII gives the returns of offences committed by juveniles. The num ber of these latter cases continues to remain very small.

6. The number of Police cases heard shews a large in- crease over the already high figures for 1932. Revenue offences are very numerous and are the main cause of the increase. Smuggling of wine, tobacco and opium into the District from Chinese territory continues to grow and its detection is becom- ing more and more difficult.

7. The number of traffic cases is somewhat higher than that for 1932, the most common offence being the carrying of passengers for hire by lorry drivers. Motor traffic over the New Territories roads since the opening of the Vehicular Ferry is steadily growing and it is therefore natural that motoring offences should be on the increase.

8. Eight cases were committed for trial at the Supreme Court as against fourteen cases in 1932. Two were committed for homicide, two for armed robbery, two for possession of arms, and two for returning from banishment.

J 2

9. The number of small debt cases heard and distress warrants issued (Table VIII) is slightly above the average.

10. Forty-seven cases of deaths in unusual circumstances were reported to the Police Magistrate as Coroner during the year. Four death enquiries were held.

LAND OFFICE.

11. Complete details of the work of the Land Office are shewn in Table IX. The number of memorials registered in the Land Registry was 3,291 as against 3,286 in 1932 and the amount of stamp duty received for such registration was $5,121.40 as against $6,850 in 1932.

.. 12. Sales of Crown Land for purposes of agriculture, fruit growing, cattle-grazing and poultry farming show increases over the figures for 1932. The villagers, however, do not view with any pleasure the sale of land near their villages for such purposes as the Crown land is used by them for cattle grazing and burial grounds. Their opposition has frightened off a number of intending purchasers.

13. The demand for building sites for shops and houses has fallen off slightly, particularly towards the end of the year. Building on the sites sold near the Cafeteria and Castle Peak beaches is not progressing very rapidly. Fair progress was made at Un Long, Shataukok and Taipo Market. Work was started in connection with the erection of a Cinema and Theatre at Taipo Market but ceased after some months, apparently owing to lack of funds.

14. Table X shows the allocation of assistance from the Local Public Works vote during 1933. It will be seen that the full amount available was used. The increase in the vote from $3,000 to $5,000 for the year 1934 will materially help in the carrying out of such useful works as irrigation, communication and the repair of storm damage.

15.

Four new licences for forestry areas were issued during the year as against eleven in 1932 and the total area under such licences shews an increase of 666 acres. A large part of these hill-slopes is only thinly planted and much more work could be done by the villagers in developing the areas.

16. There were 372 licences to cultivate pine-apple plants current at the end of the year as against 327 at the end of 1932. The crop is reported to have been fairly good and prices, though not high, ruled much better than in 1932, the average being about $3.50 per picul. No effective steps have yet been taken to start a canning industry in the District.

GENERAL.

17. Rainfall for the year was below the average. Owing to the almost complete drought in the early part of the Summer large tracts of padi-fields were left unplanted and the first crop was a failure. Fortunately the rain came at a critical time just when the seedlings for the second crop were on the point of withering and the crop, which later proved to be a good one, was saved. Prices, however, for the rice were very low.

1

J 3

18. The rate of payment of Crown Rent was slow largely because of the failure of the early crop of rice and the lateness of the second crop. Though slow, however, payments came in well towards the end of the collection season and finally only $42.08 remained outstanding in a sum of $95,957.53 which is probably a record for the District.

19.

The year was not too good for the fisheries industry as the prices obtained were low. The continued heavy customs duty payable on the import of dried fish into China is having an injurious effect on this industry. This duty exceeds the value of the fish and is as high as $3 per picul.

20. The electric light supply has been extended to Castle Peak and Shataukok. The district between Au Tau and Fanling still remains to be served. Though very popular in the market towns electricity is not being used to any great extent in the villages nor is it likely to be until some reduction is made in the price of current.

21. Work was completed on the building of a storage tank for water at Taipo Market but it has not succeeded in bringing the long hoped for increase in pressure in the mains. Work is now in progress in laying a new and bigger main and when this is finished the full benefit of the new tank should be felt. In- vestigations were made during the year in connection with the provision of water supply for Un Long.

One stream, in particular, has been located with a very satisfactory dry weather flow and work is expected to commence soon on the scheme for piping this water to Un Long and the neighbouring villages. The stream supplies water to a consi- derable area of padi-land and the owners have already petitioned against any interference with the stream. Arrangements of course, will be made to meet their objections.

22. Births and Deaths Registration now

appears to be working satisfactorily in the District. At first progress was very slow and it was not easy to persuade the villagers that there was no ulterior motive at the back of the Government's decision to enforce the Law. A number of prosecutions had first to be un- dertaken before the people made any more towards.registration.

23. In conclusion I desire to record my thanks to the lead- ing elders of the District for their continued loyal co-operation and advice in settling disputes both between individuals and between village communities.

18th January, 1934.

E. H. WILLIAMS, District Officer, North.

Personal Emolument*

Other Charges.

Conveyance Allowances

J 4

Table I.

1932

1933

$53,497.20 $58,414.76

1,483.22

1,725.33

Electric Light & Fans

Nil

109.88

Incidental Expenses

580.72

466.24

Local Public Works

2,910.00 3,000.00

Transport

1,347.08 1,467.64

Scavenging

1,247.01

1,593.21

Uniform

383.76

251.76

Upkeep of Grounds of Island House...

215.00

187.60

*

Total other charges

Total department

8,166.79 8,801.66

$61,663.99 $67,216.42

Includes officers of Cadet and Junior Clerical Services attached

to the department.

L

J 5

Table II A.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE COLLECTED BY THE DISTRICT OFFICER IN 1932 AND 1933.

1932

1933

Crown Rent, (Leased Lands)

$93,837.59 $95,915.45

Kerosine Oil Licences

2,248.50

1,858.25

Chinese Wine & Spirit Licences.

3,486.65

3,031.25

Pawnbrokers' Licences

1,500.00

1,250.00

Money Changers' Licences

300.00

351.00

Fines

4,920.00

5,868.00

Fines (L. S.)

1,048.36

1,185.03

Fines Reward Fund

2,695.00

2,877.00

Forfeitures

288.00

179.00

Forfeitures (Land Sales)

55.00

68.00

Distress Warrant (Crown Rent)

84.00

Distress Warrant (S.D.C.)

73.00

15.00

Other Miscellaneous Receipts

36.00

134.00

Forestry Licences

8,136.33

8,269.58

Permit to cut Earth etc.

5,515.34

6,063.00

Grave certificates

14.00

18.50

Pineapple Land Leases

368.58

423.69

Matshed Permits

4,130.27

4,392.32

Permit to occupy Land

3,404.38

3,219.62

Stone Quarry Permits

1,421.00

1,322.00

Ferry Licences

9.00

6.00

Certified Extracts

211.00

147.00

Sunprints

Land Sales

Stamps for Deeds

240.00

225.00

34,583.97

49,440.13

6,850.70

5,121.40

Boundary Stones

282.00

114.00

Deposit not available

2,485.21

2,016.50

Building

1,500.00

1,500.00

Crown Leases

30.00

Nil

Tobacco Retailers Licences

1,695.00

1,765.00

Court fees or Misc. fees

22.95

27.90

Widow & Orphan's Pension Contribu-

tion

38.04

30.33

Poor Box

67.27

86.47

Mining Licence

Nil

60.00

Total

$181,519.14 $197,038.42

J 6

Table II B.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE COLLECTED THROUGH OTHER DEPARTMENT, 1932 AND 1933.

1932

1933

Treasury (Mining Licence)

$ 250.00 $ 122.50

Land Office (Crown Rent)

3,656.00

3,656.00

Harbour Office (Harbour Dues)

(Sai Kung

2,766.50

2,359.25

(Harbour Dues)

6,305.20

6,142.45

(No. 1 Launch)

(Harbour Dues)

1,800.40

3,537.45

(No. 2 Launch)

(Harbour Dues)

2,524.35 2,472.15

(No. 4 Launch)

Total

$17,302.45 $18,289.80

NOTE: Revenue collected by Imports and Exports Department

is not included.

Table II C.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF TOTAL REVENUE COLLECTED FROM NORTHERN DISTRICT, 1932 & 1933.

By District Office

By Other Department

1932

1933

$181,519.14 $197,038.42

17,302.45 18,289.80

Total

$198,821.59 $215,328.22

J 7

-

Table III.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE FOR

LAST TEN YEARS,

Personal* Emoluments

and other

Charges.

$

Special Expenditure.

Total Expenditure.

Total Revenue. +

$

1924

34,099.79

34,099.79

252.344.41

1925

38,891.05

38,891.05

160,669.66

1926

37,990.97

37,990.97

162,402.42

1927

43,059.90

43,059.80

161.548.83

1928

46,339.30

150.80

46,490.10

134,140.18

1929

46,371.85

46,371.85

138,810.28

1930

61,273.56

61,273.56

168,511.80

1931

61,241.64

61,241.64

185,565.57

1932

51,663.99

61,663.99

198,821.59

1933

67,216.42

67,216.42

215,328.22



*Includes Officers of Cadet and Junior Clerical Services attached to

department.

+ Includes revenue collected in the district by other departments

except Imports and Exports Department.

Table IV.

ABSTRACT OF CASES UNDER COGNISANCE OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS DURING THE YEAR 1933,

TAI PO.

Cases, how disposed of, and the Number of Male & Female Defendants under each Head.

Classification of Offences.

Total No.

of

Total No.

of

Charges.

Defend-

ants.

Convicted

and

Sentenced.

Committed

for trial

Discharged.

at the

Supreme

Court.

Bound over

without further Penalty.

To keep the

peace and be of good behaviour.

OFFENCES AGAINST INDIVIDUALS.

Previously convicted.

M.

F.

Total M.

F.

Total

M. F.

M.

F.

M.

::

1

2:25

(a) Against their Property.

1. Larceny (simple)..

40

49

39

Stealing from the person

4

4

3

Embezzlement

and

Fraudulent

conversion

Robbery

Burglary and Housebreaking

GN 0 CO

NGO

1

Demanding with menaces

False pretences and cheating

t

ox:

Receiving and possession of stolen

goods

18

21

3. Malicious damage

3

44

5. Other offences

55

82 198

11

3

33

=23

(b) Against their persons.

1. Homicide

2

2

2. lll-treatment & grievous harm.

10

18

6

3. Common assault

21

34

17

4. Kidnapping

.....

3

6. Other offences

5

8

Carried forward.

39

10

10

3

1

-

:

:

7

2

3

19

11

9

2

1

58

15

15

Q16

8914

22-21

1

1

22

3



2

...

...

IC

2

...

...

2

182

250

124

33

157

56

9

65

:

11

I

∞ 2

F.

e

2

I

— J 8 —

20

20

15

:

K

20

4

15

Table IV,-Continued.

ABSTRACT OF CASES UNDER COGNISANCE OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS DURING THE YEAR 1933.

TAI PO,-Continued.

Cases, how disposed of, and the Number of Male & Female Defendants under each Head.

Classification of Offences.

Total

No. of

Total

No. of

Convicted

Charges.

Defen-

dants.

and

Sentenced.

Committed

for trial

Discharged.

at the

Bound over without further l'enalty.

To keep the

peace and be of good behaviour.

Previously convicted.

Supreme

Court.

M

F. Total M.

F.

Total

M. F.

M.

F.

M. F.

K

Brought forward.

OFFENCES OF A FUBLIC NATURE.

182

250

124

33

157

56

65

:

:

:

1

60

:

:

2

:

ן.

754

110

18

128

6

(c) Against the Crown and Gorernment.

1. Currency offences

a

30

4. Trespass and damages on Crown Land

28

34

23

10

33

1

6. Misconduct by Government officers 7. Opium and Revenue offences 8. Dangerous drug and goods... 9. Other offences

1

1

1

1

369

561

116

50

496

52

8

12

13

12

12

}

27

33

29

31

1

(d) Against Public Justice.

2. Returning from banishment

22

22

19

4. Bribery

1

1

1

20

1

C-

5. Other offences

:: |

35

Carried forward..

645

918

658

96

:

-J 9-

:

co

9

25

25

5

30

:

Table IV,-Continued.

Abstract of CASES UNDER COGNISANCE OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS DURING THE YEAR 1933. TAI PO,-Continued.

Cases, how disposed of, and the Number of Male & Female Defendants under each Head.

Classification of Offences.

Total

No, of

Charges.

Total

No. of

Convicted

Defen-

dants.

and

Sentenced.

Committed

for trial

Discharged.

at the

Supreme

Court.

Bound over without further Penalty.

To keep the

peace and be of good behaviour.

27

Previously convicted.

M.

F.

Total

M.

F. Total

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

I.

615

918

658 96

754

110

18

128

e

25

30

2

Brought forward,

(e) Against the Public Peace.

1. Breach of the peace...

16

62

20

2. Unlawful possession of arms ...........................

1+

16

22

20

11

11

1-31

3 Other offences

1

}

13-

...

(f) Against trade.

2. Employers and workmen offences.

:

:

:

(g) Against Public Morals and Police.

1. Begging and touting

2

3. Lotteries and gambling

30

88

77

78

8

2

10

4. Offences against public health

:

:

5. Street hawkers offences...

16

35

32

N

34

1

1

6. Obstruction

7. Offences with fire crackers..

1

1

1

9. Traffic offences of a technical nature

487

489

425

425

64

64

10. Dangerous driving of vehicles...

13. Other offences

9

9

51

56

30

18

48

7

Total......

1,272

1,679

1266

117

1,383

201

20

221

:

-J 10-

97

399

53

14

127

:

}

Table V.

TAI PO, New Territories.

Return of Punishments awarded in respect of Certain Classes of Offences during the Year 1933.

Punishments.

Offences against Individuals

Offences of a Public Nature.

Number of

Persons

Punished.

Description.

Against their| Property.

Against their Person.

Against the Crown and Government.

Against

Public

Justice.

Against the

Against

Public Peace.

Public Morals) and Police.

Other

Offences.

J 11

M.

Fines

Imprisoned in default.

Imprisoned without option...

2 826

F.

M. F.

M.

F.

M.

F. M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

809

61

4

21

78

32

14

N W

246

15

256

28

26

21

Ι

4

...

469

19

12

81

1

47

:

4

19

1

Bound over to be of good

...

:

22-

F.

43

29

22

:.

behaviour

Convicted and cautioned..

88

10

Bound over and fined

Bound over, ordered to pay

compensation and fined..

Bound over to keep peace

44

214

1

11

::

16

224

29

2

14

1

2

59

12

10

:..

...

:

Fined and ordered to pay

...

compensation

3

3

:

T:

::

:

27

:

Total......

1,115

117

65

69

1

55

281

50

20

1

58

8 547

3

55

89

45

{

Table VI.

ABSTRACT of CASES brought under COGNIZANCE of the POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS during a period of Five Years.

CASES, HOW Disposed of, and the Number of Male AND FEMALE Prisoners under EACH HEAD.

Years

Total

Number

of Cases.

Convicted and Punished.

Discharged.

Committed

for Trial

at Supreme

Court.

Excellency

the Governor.

Committed

to Prison or

detained

pending Or- der of His

Ordered to find Security.

To keep the Peace, to be of Good Beha-

viour, and to answer any Charge.

Did

not

appear

and absconded.

Escaped before being brought for trial at the Magistracy.

Escaped.

Punished for

preferring False Charge or giving Fals e

Testimony.

1

3



00

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

M.

F.

J.

M.

F.

J.

M.

F.

J.

M.

F.

J.

M.

F.

J.

M.

M.

F.

J.

M. M.

F.

ร่

1929

477

437

4930

629

580

65

098

50

110

18

1

10

:..

:

194

20

:

:

:

2

:

:

1931

655

549

71

17

165

21

:

1932

882

797

72

1242

13

184

11

1

12

2

1933

1,238

1,251

103

6

196

20



8

00

:

:

:

...

10

7

:

:

Total

3,881 3,614

361

36 849

90

14

22

:

A ver-

age

per

776,2

722.8

72.2

12

169.8

18.

4.6

4.4

1.

Year,

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

32

16

3

G

52

14

**

120

35

24.

*

:

:

...

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:..

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1

Undecided.

Total Number of Defendants.

25

25

26

27

28

29

30

"

M.

F.

J.

M.

F.

J.

558

75

:

785

94

:.

:.

746

96

1 23

:

1,009

- 88

--20

:

1,507

137

16

4,605 490

59

921

98

19.9

12

"

Discharged or Order made.

Table VII.

Return of Juvenile Offenders brought before the Taipo Police Magistrate's Courts, during the Year 1933.

A.-Boys.

Convicted and Sentenced.

Bound Over.

Fines.

To keep the peace and be of good behaviour.

Convicted and Cautioned.



-

5

10

1 2 3

4

1 2

On

3 4

2

3

Classification of Offenders.

Total

No. of

Defen-

dants.

Caned in Court.

1

2

:

2



:

T

J

13

:

:

1

:

***

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

1

:

I

ลง

4:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

2

:

:

:

...

1

(1) Age under 10,

(2) Over 10 and under 12.

(3) Over 12 and under 14. (4) Over 14 and under 15,

(5) Over 15 and under 16.

Possession of dutiable

tobacco

2

:

Possession of opium.

1

...

:

Smoking opium...

1

Gambling

2

Attempted larceny

1

Total

...

Ca

...

...

Table VII.

Return of Juvenile Offenders brought before the Taipo Police Magistrate's Courts, during the Year 1933.

:

:

B. - GIRLS,

Convicted and Sentenced.

Bound Over.

Fines.

To keep the peace and be of good behaviour.

Convicted and Cautioned.

Discharged or

Order made.

धेर

1

27

3 4

LO

2 3

4

کا

5

}

2

34

5

1

3 4 5

LO

Total

Classification of Offenders.

No. of

Defen-

dants.

Caned in Court.

1 3 4 5

Possession of wild trees

:

:

:

:

:

Possession of opium........

Trespassing on Crown

Land

Causing obstruction...

I

Disorderly behaviour

Total...

:

9

(1) Age under 10.

(2) Over 10 and under 12.

:

:

...

***



:

:

...

1

1

.:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

...

:..

:.

:.

VOD

...

...

:

:

:

:..

S

:

...

Ι

I

*

...

...

...

(3) Over 12 and under 14. (4) Over 14 and under 15.

(5) Over 15 and under 16.

}

J

14

...

4

:

1

1

Cases heard

Writs of Execution

J 15

:

Table VIII.

SMALL DEBTS COURTS.

1933 Average from

1928-1932.

239

180

34

49

Heading.

Table IX.

J 16-

$

S



C.

C.

€0

Sales of Land for Agriculture

113 212

93.01

109.32

>>

Building

123

145

8.08 731.00

}}

Building and garden

16

16

46.68

645.00

10,181.43

11,426.00

6,181.00

c.

75

""

Brickworks

2

7.06

24.70

""

Orchard and Garden

3

1.94

2.10

33

Garden

18

24

24.36

261.80

19

Orchard

12

21

18.71

43.50

""

Threshing floors

22

22

.48

2.50

1,911.00

213.00

10,113.00

2,032.00

195.00

>>

"}

>>

Agriculture and cattle

grazing

22

13.74

15.20

3,473.00

>>

Agriculture and Fish

pond

Q

2

138.35

139.80

2,875.00

""

Conversions

152

5.77

390.60

363.70

Permits to occupy Land for Agriculture..

1

1

1.15

62.00

21

1

1

15.87

31.80

10

>>

97

181

137.32

449.47

5

""

11

other purposes.



5

246.79

638.83

33

>>

Agriculture...

342

609

253.70

796.05

1

""

other purposes.

92

93

48.07

1.241.47

Extensions

Exchanges

Re-entries

30

30

.33

36.50

472.00

""

75

.30

52.00

4.00

136

7.45

50.25

Surrenders

97

3.86

37.21

Resumptions

1

.01

223.00

Stone Quarry Permits

101

1,322.00

Permits to cut Earth, etc....

465

6,063.00

Matshed Permits

1,048

14.58

4,392.32

Ferry Licences...

4

6.00

Forestry Licences

601

41,347.90

Pine-apple Land Leases

372

141.23

8,269.58

423.69

]

10

Grave Certificates

34

18.50

Deeds Registered & Fees

3,291

5,121.40

J 17

Table X.

LOCAL PUBLIC WORKS, 1933.

REPAIRS.



Bridge near Lo Uk Tsun, Ha Tsun, Second (and final)

payment

119.15 ·

Bridge near San Wai, Lung Yeuk Tau

300.00

Bridge between the North and South at Kam Tin ...

300.00

Dam at Tan Chuk Hang

150.00

Bund near Lai Chi Wo, second (and final) payment .....

100.00

Path between Nam Fung Au & Shun Wan gap

50.00

Path at Po Sam Pai

100.00

Bridge at Tin Liu and Tai Lam Wu

600.00

Path between Ping Shan Tsai and Shui Hau

25.00

Bridge at Ngau Liu, Kwan Ti

385.00

Bridge near Kam Tsin Wai, Pat Heung

100.00

Bund at Shatin

100.00

Path at Ting Kok

275.00

Cleaning of nullah at Un Long

30.10

Path between the new and old Markets, Un Long first

payment

365.75

Total...

$3,000.00

K

J 19

REPORT ON THE NEW TERRITORIES FOR THE YEAR. 1933.

B.-SOUTHERN DISTRICT.

STAFF.

Mr. B. C. K. Hawkins was in charge from 1st January te 10th May and Mr. D. M. MacDougall from 11th May to the end of the year.

EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE.

2. Comparative figures of Revenue and Expenditure for the year 1932 and 1933 are given in Tables I-III. Collections in respect of duties on liquors and tobaccos are not included, being paid to the Imports and Exports Department.

3. The Revenue collected by the Department, as shown in Table II(a), exceeds the previous year's total by $5,603.39. This increase results from a number of unusually large Land Sales during the year and a greater demand for sand permits

4. Table II(b) shows Revenue collected by other depart- ments and the grand total of the District's revenue is given in Table II(c). The increase of $30,259.26 there noted is mainly due to increasing Returns from Village Rates.

5. Table III contains a comparative statement of Expendi- ture and Revenue of the department for the past ten years.

MAGISTRACY.

6. Tables IV to VIII show details of the cases heard by the District Officer sitting as Police Magistrate and as Judge of the Small Debts Court.

7. The number of Police cases dealt with was almost double that of the previous year, but this alarming increase was fortunately not concerned with the more serious crimes against the person and property.

8. It was due almost entirely to renewed activity among opium smugglers; to the persistence, in spite of greatly increased penalties, of sand stealers; and to the transfer, from Kowloon Magistracy to the District Officer's Court, of all traffic offences committed on the roads of the District.

9. There was one charge of Highway Robbery at Tsuen Wan and one of Manslaughter at Keung Shan, Lantau Island, during the year.

The offenders were committed for trial.

J 20

10. The cases of Simple Larceny and Assault, though increased in number from last year, were none of them serious.

11. No Juvenile Offenders were dealt with.

12. Table VIII shows, for purposes of comparison, the numbers of Small Debt Cases in 1932 and 1933. The marked increase for 1933 reflects the scarcity of money in a not very prósperous year for the District as a whole.

13. Eight cases of deaths in unusual circumstances were reported and two Enquiries with Jury were held.

LAND OFFICE.

14. Table X records the work of the Land Office throughout the year. The demand for agricultural and building land experienced in 1932 has been continued and surpassed. acres were sold, yielding premium to the amount of $8,861.88, as against 19.74 at $5,834.81 for the preceding year. The increased demand seems likely to be carried on into 1934.

15. The number of memorials registered was 1,068, showing a decrease of 198 compared with 1932 and the revenue from registration fees shows a consequent drop.

16. The acreage held under Forestry Licences has increased slightly in the period under review and there are indications that 1934 will see a further extension. The villagers receive every encouragement to take out Forestry Licences for areas which, properly handled, may prove remunerative to themselves and at the same time add beauty to the hill sides.

17. The demand for sand continues to be keen. 294 permits were issued as against 249 for 1932 and the resultant fees show an advance of $1,887.00. The denudation of the beaches in the District by sand thieves continues to cause concern. In spite of much hard work and extra precautions on the part of Police launches, and heavy sentences on offenders when convicted, the nuisance is still only partially checked. Maximum penalties are now being exacted in an effort to stamp out this offence.

18. Twenty-three new permits for bathing sheds were issued in 1933, bringing the total up to 147; but at this figure saturation point may be said to have been reached in respect of the recognised bathing beaches of the District. No possible site appears to remain unoccupied.

1

K

J 21

GENERAL.

Agriculture.

19. The District escaped serious damage from rain or typhoon during the year and the crops, as a whole, were very satisfactory. Two good rice. crops were obtained. Sweet potatoes, vegetables and pineapples also did well; but decreased prices for produce, as well as for cattle and pigs, offset the advantages thus obtained, and caused general complaint. It was not a year of marked prosperity.

Fisheries.

20. Catches this year were no better than last, which was one of the worst on record. In addition to the poor supply, prices fell off slightly.

Ferries.

21. The Hong Kong and New Territories Ferry Company has given satisfaction. Approved schedules were adhered to, and, with the exception of the Tsuen Wan run where the effects of road competition are being felt, the ferries appear to be well patronised.

Registration of Births and Deaths.

22. The Police stations at Tsuen Wan, Cheung Chau and Tai O are the registry offices for their respective districts. Registration is proceeding satisfactorily, the numbers this year being greatly increased all round and in some cases more than double last year's figure. No great reluctance to register is now observed among the villagers and in a few years time registration will have become a settled habit. There were a few prosecutions for non-registration in the earlier part of the year, cautions and occasionally very small fines resulting.

Sanitation.

23. Extensive street repairs to Tsuen Wan, Cheung Chau and Tai O have effected a marked change for the better in the condition of these villages. The work of the sanitary coolies has been rendered at once easier and more effective by the facing of the main thoroughfares with concrete, and whole. streets are now regularly washed down and cleansed in a way hitherto impossible. The response of the villagers to these measures has been ready and gratifying, and 1934 will see the work pushed further.

J 22

Water Supply.

24. Work on the provision of a water supply for Tsuen Wan was completed and street fountains were opened to the public in September 1933. A scheme for levying water rates in the village is now under consideration.

Reclamation.

25. Of the two reclamations by private enterprise mentioned in the last annual report, one has been finally abandoned and the other, at Tai O, is progressing slowly. There is reason to hope that it will be completed during 1934.

Hygiene.

26. The Government travelling Dispensary attends to the needs of the mainland villages and a Medical Officer pays regular visits to the Islands. Reports indicate that these services are more and more appreciated by the villagers.

27. The St. John Ambulance Brigade have completed plans for the building of a modern hospital at Cheung Chau which is in the course of erection. The Sham Tseng Dispensary, the gift of a private individual, has been completed and will shortly be in working order.

Tai 0.

28. It has been a very quiet year at Tai O. The fishing season, on the success of which the village depends, was again a failure. In a normal year the Wong Fa catch is reckoned to yield 10,000 piculs. In 1933 it barely reached 4,000 piculs, and in addition there was a decline in price from $18 per picul to $12.

29. The following table shows approximately the results. of the fishing season.

360 piculs.

Price per picul.

L

Ma Yau

Herrings

Wong Fa

Shrimps

$18.00

400

14.00

4,000

12.00

"}

1,000

6.00

These are very poor figures, though hardly worse than last year, with the exception of the Herring catch which has dropped fron 3,500 piculs in 1932.

30. Rice and vegetable crops were good and poultry farmers also enjoyed satisfactory results. The tiny village of Yee O alone exported 6,000 ducks to Hong Kong during the year

J 23

31. The Salt Pans did average business and their output, at 14,000 piculs, was over 1,000 piculs above the 1932 figure. The major portion of Tai O salt is exported to Chinese territory and to Hong Kong.

32. A scheme to provide Tai O with a properly run fire engine is practically completed and it is expected that the village will be well provided for in this respect early in 1934. There was no serious damage from either fire or typhoon during the year.

Lamma.

33. The cattle and pig trades had a fairly good year but fishing was poor and the shrimp paste trade showed a slight falling off.

34. Grass cutting again provided good returns and large quantities were sold to Aberdeen for boat-breaming.

Cheung Chau.

35. Here, as elsewhere, the fishing season was a complete failure, with poor catches and falling prices. But vegetable gardens were very successful. The crops were good and prices held up satisfactorily. All the Market stalls were occupied throughout the year at the same rents as previously.

36. Lime Kilns have had a slack time but the Kwong Lung Shing Distillery reports very good business indeed. The out-put of the Li Shing Kee quarry fell from $2,900 in 1932 to $800 in 1933.

37. Projects to provide Cheung Chau with a proper water supply unfortunately proved too costly to be practicable and the island continues to depend on wells and water brought from

Lan Tau.

38. The island was very quiet during the year, escaping damage from either fire or typhoon. The fire-engine was regularly employed to wash down the streets.

Tsuen Wan.

39. Crops were satisfactory but producers were badly hit by declining prices, vegetables and sweet potatoes alone recording a slight rise. Fair business was done in pigs, soy, and firewood, but the fishing junks had another lean year.

40. In other directions, however, Tsuen Wan did extremely well. Favourably situated as it is by the sea, on the main road. and near Hong Kong, Tsuen

Wan seems marked out for commercial development on a large scale.

M

J 24

41. The Texas Oil Company and the Hong Kong Brewery, which opened in August, were busy throughout the year. The Shing Mun Scheme, now well under way, is providing much employment locally, and the Hume Pipe Company of Singapore have acquired an extensive site on the North of Tsuen Wan Bay where a large factory is now in the course of erection.

42. To meet this expansion and the increase in population which may reasonably be expected, Tsuen Wan now has the advantage of a proper water supply from street fountains. Plans for the erection of a new market, and for the gradual rebuilding of the village itself in accordance with an approved layout, are well in hand. The new market site has already been selected and the building will be completed in 1934.

Special Event.

43. With the willing co-operation of the various Kai Fong, produce of the District was again displayed at the Empire Products Fair, where it had a lively sale.

D. M. MacDougal,

District Officer, South.

19th March, 1934.

R

J 25

Table I.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE 1932 AND 1933.

Personal Emoluments

OTHER CHARGES.

1932.

+*$38,461.92

1933.

*$35,604.36

Conveyance Allowances

660.00

660.00

Incidental Expenses

124.00

144.29

Local Public Works

830.00

3,630:00

Rent of Offices

4,900.00

Scavenging

1,317.00

1,490.30

Transport

537.42

588.16

Uniforms

143.31

99.52

Total Other Charges

$3,611.73 $11,512.27

Total Department

$42,073.65

$47,116.63

+Includes salary, May to November, of one Cadet Officer on leave.

*Includes Officers of Cadet and Junior Clerical Services.

J. 26

Table II (a).

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE COLLECTED BY THE DISTRICT OFFICER, 1932 AND 1933.

1932.

1933.

Land Sales

$ 6,535.81

$ 8,839.75

Boundary Stones

308.00

338.00

Earth and Stone Permits

7,044.00

8,931.00

Forestry Licences

2,879.20

2,998.90

Forfeitures

352.00

195.65

Fines

3,401.93

3,542.17

Deeds Registration Fees

3,476.80

1,920.50

Crown Leases

60.00

60.00

Legal Costs

43.00

100.00

Miscellaneous Fees

100.50

119.75

Crown Rent

*23.498.62

*25,263.57

Matshed Fermits on Crown Land

4,134.35

803.00

Bathing Matshed Permits

3,849.15

Permits for Temporary Structure on

Private Land

943.00

904.00

Permits to occupy Land

611.60

978.70

Pineapple Land Leases

709.75

735.18

Market Fees

1,597.32

1,597.32

Leases of Stone Quarries

127.05

79.00

Miscellaneous Licences

275.00

233.00

Other Miscellaneous Receipts

155.00

28.69

Poor Box

22.96

5.62

Building Covenant Fines

61.36

45.06

Fines (Reward Fund)

300.00

694.57

Arms Fines

41.94

20.00

Total

$56,679.19

$62,282.58

*1. Actual Collections, including normal arrears for previous year.

2. Amount due on 1932 Rent Roll $24,550.93.

Amount due on 1933 Rent Roll $25,331.57.

Increase $792.43.

This is accounted for by conversion and sale of N.T. lots during

the year.

M

J. 27

-

Table II (b).

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE COLLECTED THROUGH OTHER DEPARTMENTS, 1932 AND 1933.

1932.

1933.

Treasury, (Village Rates)

$295,263.17

$329,183.41

Treasury, (Crown Rent for Inland Lots) 78,495.59

82,353.54

Treasury, (Quarries in New Kowloon).

7,668.38

5,536.06

Sanitary Department, (Eating House

Licence Fees)

420.00

410.00

Police Department, (Licence Fees).... 37,563.00

32.219.00

Harbour Office, (Harbour Dues,

Stake-nets)

25,482.86

25,250.25

Total

.$444,693.00 $474,952.26

NOTE :-Revenue collected by the Imports and Exports department

is not included.

Table II (c).

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF TOTAL REVENUE COLLECTED FROM SOUTHERN DISTRICT, 1932 AND 1933.

By District Office

By Other Departments

Total

1932.

1933.

$56,679.19 $62,282.58

444,693.00 474,952.26

$501,372.19 $537,234.84

NOTE: Revenue collected by the Imports and Experts department

is not included.

J 28

Table III.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE FOR LAST TEN YEARS.

* Personal

Emolu-

ments and

Special Expendi-

Other Charges.

ture.

Total Expendi- ture.

Total

Revenue

$

C.

1924

28,087.75

1925

25,329.74

1926

23,916.68

1927

24,646.74

1928

23,111.62

1929

23,776.34

1930

39,410.90

1931

36,282.47

1932 42,073.65§

1933

47,116.63

$

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

C.

$

C.

C.

28,087.75-375,391.16

25,329.74

197,553.89†

25,946.68 | 217,870.87†

24,646.74 236,276.02

23,111.62 226,196.22†

23,776.34 246,273.31†

39,410.90 | 308,180.80†

36,282.47

409,050.39†

42,073.65 501,372.19†

47,116.63 537,234.84†

* Includes officers of Cadet and Junior Clerical Services attached to

department.

†This figure does not include revenue collected by the Imports and

Exports Department.

§ Includes salary, May to November, of one Cadet Officer on leave.

Table IV.

Abstract of cases under cognisance of the Police Magistrate's Court at District Office, South during the year 1933. Cases, how disposed of, and the number of Male and Female Defendants under each Head.

Classification of Offences.

Total No.

Total No.

of

of

Defen-

Charges.

Convicted

and

Sentenced.

Discharged.

dants.

Committed for trial at the Supreme Court.

Bound over to keep the peace and be of good behaviour.

Bail

Estreated.

M

F.

M.

F.

M.

I.

F.

M.

F.

Common Law Offences

Highway Robbery

Larceny by Trick

Larceny by Bailce

Larceny from Person

Larceny (simple)..

29

40

Larceny from Dwelling House

1

Malicious Damage

1

(b) Against their person.

Assault

13

27

1

Manslaughter

-----

2

23

15

1

1

2

4

10

14

་་་

::

OFFENCES AGAINST INDIVIDUALS.

(a) Against their Property.

3

32

72

1

***

17

52224

46

10

-4~0

1

2

14

3

3

2

}

46

46

25

75

***

33

8

2

90

91

སྶ + ཨབྲཱ ཡྻ

B3

4

}

30.

33

J

Murder

OFFENCES OF A PUBLIC NATURE.

(a) Against the Crown and Government. Dangerous Goods

Opium Offences

Possesion of Offensive Weapons...... Revenue Offences

(†) Against Publio Justice.

Deportation

(c) Against Public Morals and Police.

Breach of Traffic Regulation

Gambling

Hawking

Other Offences

Sand-stealing.

:

Total...

287

444

259

3

97

3

M. Male.

F.: Female'

:

:

22

21

10

2

:

J 29 --

30

2

48

Table V.

Return of Punishments awarded in respect of certain Classes of Offences at District Office, South

during the year 1933.

80

I

11

52

17

Punishments.

Offences against Individuals.

Offences of a Public Nature.

. Description.

Number of

Persons

Punished.

Against Against Their

Property.

Their

Person.

Against The Crown

and

Government.

Against

Public

Justice,

Against

Public Morals and Police.

Other

Offences

:

22224242

:

M.

F.

M. F.

M. F.

M.

F:

M. F.

M.

F.

M.

E.

1

15

I

44

:

14

2

:

:

Fined

112

شد

3

1

Imprisoned in default

116

Peremptory imprisonment

31

23

4

Bound over to keep peace and to be of good behaviour.........................

30

2

6

Total.

289

32

M.

Male.

:

:

:..

:

2

:

24

59

1

2

ลง

Femal

:

:

:.

:

:

J 30

:

10

132

40

:

Table VI.

:

...

Bound Over

To keep the peace and be of good behaviour.

To come up for Judgment.

Convicted and Cautioned.

1 2

3 4 5

5

10

I

2 3

4

:

Return of Juvenile Ors brought before the Police Magistrate's Court at District Office, South during the year 1933.

A.-Boys.

་་་

:

NIL

:

and under 12.

(3) Over 12 and under 14.

Total

Convic lentenced.

Classification

No. of

of Offence.

Defen.

dants.

Caned in Court.

Caned and Boun Over.

Fined.

Imprisoned.

-

1

ลง

3

5 Į

2 3 4

*

3

4 5

I

2 B 4

5

10

:.

:

:

:

(1) Age under 10,

:

:

B.-GIRLS.

Nil.

:

5

LO

Discharged or Order made.

Previously convicted.

I 2

3

نات

4

:

10

1

2

3

(4) Over 14 and under 15,

(5) Over 15 and under 16.

5

J 31

སྐ་

}

+

Table VII.

ABSTRACT of CASES brought under COGNIZANCE of the POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURT during a period of Five Years.

Total

CASES, HOW Disposed of, anD THE NUMBER OF MALE AND FEMALE PRISONERS UNDER EACH HEAD.

ars.

Number

of Cases.

Convicted and Punished.

Discharged.

Committed

for Trial

at Supreme

Court.

2

-

Committed to Prison or detained

pending Or- der of His Excellency the Governor,

Ordered to find Security

To keep the Peace, to be of Good Beha- viour, and to

Did

not

appear

and absconded.

Escaped before being brought for trial at the

Magistracy.

Escaped.

Punished for preferring False Charge or giving False)

Testimony.

Total

Undecided.

Number of Defendants.

answer any

Charge.

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

M.

F.

M.

F.

M. F. M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

M. F.

29

133

165

21

34

7

30

197

158

18

47

2

7

31

159

164

15

50

1

32

125

133

11

39

4

:

33

276

259

3

97

2

3

:

:

Jótal

890

879

68

267

14

11

——

ter.

ge

er

178 175.8

13.6 53.4

2.8 2.2

:

:

:..

:

:

:..

...

}

:

:

15

2

2

16

1 68

30

2

48

76

$

118

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

15.2

1.2

23.6

M. Male.

F. Female.



JI.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

206

24

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

M.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

220

21

232

20

256

16

437

7

:

:

1,351

888

270.2 17.6

J 32

J 33

Table VIII.

SMALL DEBTS COURT

1932.

1933.

Cases heard

14

59

Writs of Execution

9

10

Table IX.

CORONER'S RETURN FOR THE YEAR 1933.

Number of Burial

Orders issued.

Number of Death

Enquiries held

with Jury.

Number of Death

Enquiries held

without Jury.

Nil.

2

Nil.

Table X.

€A-

No. of

Increase

Decrease

Amount

Sales,

No.

Area

of

of

of

Headings.

Permits, 'of

in

Crown

Crown

Premia,

Amount

paid for

Resump-

Term

of

Licences, Lots.

Acres.

Rent.

Rent.

Fees, &c.

&c.

tion of

Land.

years.

- J 34 —

Land Sales for Buildings..

60

60

Agriculture..

31

"

}}

Conversion..

11

SHE

4.78

392.00

23.70

26.70

6,047.88

2,814.00

75

75

.34

33.00

'75

Stone Quarry Leases..

Permits to occupy Land

2

.63

79.00

1

17 12

49.00

Permits to occupy Land (Annual).

147

49.70

929.70

Matshed Permits on Crown Land

663

5.67

803.00

1

Bathing Matshed Permits

147

1.26

3,849.15

1

Permits for Temporary Structure on Private Land.

191

1.84

904.00

I

Earth and Sand Permits

294

Forestry Licences

117

14,418.46

8,931.00

2,998.90

1

Pine-apple Licences

380

236.09

735.18

10

Deeds Registered

1,068

1 920.50

Resumptions Re-entries

370

41.66

506.24

28,579 06

27

.95

9.83

Appendix K.

REFORT OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL OF POLICE

FOR THE YEAR 1933.

GENERAL.

1. The year 1933 was free from any important political or industrial agitation. Trade depression continued throughout the year. This factor increased the number of unemployed in the Colony, but many of those so affected returned to their native places in Chinese Territory.

In comparison with 1932, there was a decrease of seventy- seven in serious offences. There was an increase of 10,295 in minor offences, but this increase is very largely accounted for under the headings of opium offences, Regulations governing Hawkers, Nuisances, and offences against the Merchant Shipping Ordinance.

On various dates which marked Anniversaries of important Chinese or International events, special precautions in the form of extra Police patrols and picquets, in which Police Reserve also participated, were taken. It is satisfactory to record that no untoward incidents occurred.

The report indicates that piracy remains an important pro- blem on the China Coast. Three ships sailing from Hong Kong, were pirated during the year by persons who had boarded as passengers.

Miscellaneous Licences Ordinance of 1933, consolidated and amended the law relating to Miscellaneous Licences.

The new Ordinance required that all dance halls and massage establish- ments shall be licensed. This has entailed considerable extra work in the Criminal Investigation Department, but has also brought about the desirable check on various establishments, which threatened to become very undesirable.

A high standard of knowledge of First Aid has been main- tained; and considerable keenness displayed in courses of instruc- tion in Life Saving.

SPECIAL EVENTS.

2. Armed Highway Robberies-A series of Armed Highway Robberies on the Tai Po Road formed a new development in crime on the mainland. Altogether four robberies took place between October, 1932 and June 1933, all in the neighbourhood of the 3 milestone. In each case a number of Chinese males

K 2

armed with a revolver held up and robbed passers-by. On the 7th July, 1933 at 10.45 p.m., an exchange of shots took place between a Police detective patrol and some robbers. No casual- ties were inflicted on either side. During subsequent Police in- vestigations a number of Chinese males were arrested and banish- ed. A regular Police patrol is now maintained on this road at various hours. The action taken by Police appears to have stopped this form of crime.

The ‘Social Problem"-During the year certain new deve- lopments, probably arising from the closing of the brothels in June 1932, have been encountered and dealt with by Police. There has been a great increase in the number of street walkers and of males soliciting for sly brothels. A large number of arrests have been made by Police. Government has now approved a policy of banishment of persons convicted of these offences.

During 1932 and 1933 a number of Dance Halls were estab- lished in different parts of the Colony. It soon became clear that this development, if unchecked, would produce very un- desirable results, and Government has approved the licensing and regulation by Police of such establishments under Ordinance No. 25 of 1933 (Miscellaneous Licences Ordinance).

During the same period a number of bogus Massage Estab- lishments were started in various parts of the city. Their activities were found to be highly undesirable and strong Police action was taken, as a result of which about fifty persons have been banished from the Colony. In most cases the proprietors of these establishments were Japanese. This action by Police has checked further development of this evil. All Massage Establish- ments have now to be licensed and supervised by Police under the provisions of Ordinance No. 25 of 1933 (Miscellaneous Licences Ordinance).

Coinage Offences-On 24th February, 1933, Police seized at No. 22 Front Row, 1st floor, Tai Hang, a complete and elaborate outfit for the forgery of Siamese Bank Notes by the Intaglio Process of copper plate engraving. Further apparatus for the same purpose was found at No. 16 Clarence Street, 3rd floor, West Point. Three Chinese males were arrested and charged. At the February Criminal Sessions, one defendant was sentenced to seven years hard labour, and the other two were discharged.

Murder-On 18th April, 1933, a Chinese male attempted to assassinate Lo Wai Keung, Editor of the Tin Nam Yat Po by firing five shots at him with a revolver in Lyndhurst Terrace. Mr. Lo Wai Keung fortunately escaped with only a slight wound in the shoulder and his assailant was arrested. At the June Criminal Sessions, the assailant was sentenced to life imprison- ment with hard labour. Subsequent enquiries revealed that the attempted assassination was due to rivalry between different political parties outside the Colony.

K 3

Building Collapse-On 3rd June, 1933, the 2nd floor balcony of No. 15 Yuk Sau Street collapsed and threw four persons to the ground below, of whom two subsequently died from their injuries. A very lengthy inquiry was held by the Coroner with a Jury and a verdict of Death by Misadventure was returned. The Jury added a recommendation for enforcing supervision by architects of work done under their instructions.

Assault on Medical Practitioner-A serious assault was made on 22nd July, 1933, by an unknown Chinese male on Dr. Ma Wai Man, at No. 136 Gloucester Road, 2nd floor.

Dr. Ma had gone

to the floor in response to an urgent call for medical assistance. While this appears to have been an isolated case and no motive can be assigned for the assault, it illustrates the danger to which local doctors may be liable in answering calls from unknown persons.

Remand Home for Juvenile Offenders-This Home, for the reception of male juvenile offenders dealt with under the Juvenile Offenders Ordinance (Ordinance No. 1 of 1932), was opened on 20th November, 1933. The Home is under the general charge of the Inspector General of Police. A European officer is super- intendent of the Home. He has a staff of one Chinese Lance Sergeant and seven Chinese Constables. Two Probation Officers (one for Hong Kong and one for Kowloon) are attached to the Home for enquiry work. The Home is designed and furnished to accommodate fifty boys. On 31st December, 1933, sixteen boys were under detention; but the average daily number is steadily increasing. The Home and its staff promise to supply a long-felt want and to do very useful work. By the end of the year several cases had occurred in which runaways from home had been fully traced and handed back to their parents after an absence of two or three months. Further details of the Home appear in Annexe D.

CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION BRANCH.

3. Summary of Crime.-The total number of cases (except summonses) dealt with by the Police during 1933, was 31,289 as against 21,071 in 1932, being an increase of 10,218 or 48%. The increase is in minor offences, and is very largely accounted for under the headings of Opium, Regulations governing Hawkers and Nuisances.

There were 5,630 serious cases in 1933 as against 5,707 in 1932, a decrease of 77 or 1.3%. The chief decreases were:

Burglaries

House-breaking

Larceny from buildings

Larcenies

Murders

Robberies

75 cases.

29

111

28

16

27

"

2)

The chief increases were:

K 4

Serious assault

Coinage

Offences against the Deportation

Ordinance

Larceny on ships

False pretences

225

27 cases.

20

90

""

18

20

23

There were sixty-six cases of robbery, distributed as follows:

Hong Kong Island.

Kowloon

New Territories

In 1932 there was a total of seventy cases.

21 cases.

28

17

There were 25,659 minor cases in 1933, as against 15,364 in 1932, an increase of 10,295 or 67%.

PROPERTY REPORTED STOLEN AND PROPERTY RECOVERED.

4. The estimated value of property stolen during the year 1933 was $764,492.38 as against $714,205.52 in 1932, an increase of $50,286.86 or 7%. The average for the last five years is $804,829.23. The value of property recovered during the year was $67,469.34 or 8.8% of the property reported stolen as against $85,836.29 or 12% of the property stolen during 1932.

Included in the sum of $764,492.38 shewn in the estimated value of property stolen are seven cases of Larceny by Servant, five of Larceny by Bailee, two of Larceny by Trick, thirteen of Embezzlement, four of Larceny by False Pretences and five of Fraudulent Conversion. The amounts involved in each of these cases were all well over a thousand dollars; the largest being $208,391.73 and $103,000.00 under Larceny by Servant and Em- bezzlement respectively. The total value of property stolen in these thirty-six cases was $511,031.64, or 66% of the total

amount stolen.

LOST PROPERTY.

5. A summary of the number of articles lost and recovered with their value is given below:

Year.

Articles reported lost.

Value lost.

Articles re- covered and found but not

Value of

articles found.

reported lost.

1933

316

$23,568.32

1932

441

38,101.06

129 125

$ 3,625.85

3,718.96

-

K. 5

ARMS.

6. There were forty-three seizures during the year, of which thirty-one were Charge cases and twelve No Charge cases.

The only seizure of note was that of three complete and seven incomplete .303 Lewis Machine Guns and 1,398 rounds of .303 Mark VII Machine Gun ammunition, which were found on the M.V. "Jutlandia" on the 2nd November, 1933, when in Dry Dock at the Taikoo Dockyard.

DANGEROUS GOODS.

7. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Dangerous Goods Ordinance :—

Number of Cases.

12

Convictions.

Fines.

12

$410.00

GAMBLING.

8. There were three hundred and ten successful gambling cases for 1933 as against two hundred and ninety in 1932. There was one case in which no conviction was obtained. There were one hundred and two Lottery cases compared with eighty-nine în 1932. In two cases no conviction was obtained.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

9. The following table shows weights and measures examined during the year:

Weights and Measures

1933.

examined.

Correct.

Incorrect.

Total.

Foreign Scales

95

95

Chinese Scales

1,283

8

1,291

Yard Measures

258

258

Chinese Foot Measures

357

357

Total,...........

1,993

2,001

The following prosecutions were instituted under the Weights and Measures Ordinance.

Number of Cases.

8

Convictions.

Fines.

8

$385.00

K 6 -

PIRACY.

10. There were three piracies on ships during the year as compared with one during 1932. None of these occurred on a British ship, the ships affected being one Danish, one Norwegian and one French.

The Danish passenger steamer "Gustav Diederichsen", 1,353 tons, was pirated about nine miles East of the Nine-Pins when on a voyage from Hong Kong to Bangkok via Swatow. The "Gustav Diederichsen" belongs to Messrs. Jebsen and Company, and was chartered by the Chin Seng Hong of Bonham Strand West. She had wireless, but no grilles, guards or scheme of defence. The ship sailed from Hong Kong at 4.30 p.m. on the 27th of February having on board forty-nine passengers, of whom eight were pirates. The ship was not searched by Police, as it was stated in her clearance that there were no passengers. At about 7 p.m. on the 27th February, the pirates took charge and sailed her into Mirs Bay to a point close to Ping Chau Island. At 6.30 a.m. on the 28th February, the pirates left in a ship's boat and went on board a small one-masted junk, taking with them three Chinese male passengers together with property of the officers, crew and passengers to the total value of $5,741.50. The Chief Officer (Mr. R. Nielsen) was wounded in the abdomen when the pirates first showed themselves. Two of the pirates were later arrested and executed in Canton and two persons were banished from Hong Kong.

The Norwegian passenger steamer "Prominent", 1,377 tons, belongs to Messrs. Karsten Larssen and Company, and was chartered by the Nam Tai Loong of Wing Lok Street. The ship has wireless but no guards, grilles or scheme of defence except for two rifles and four pistols kept in the Captain's cabin. About 8 p.m. on the 23rd May, the ship sailed from Hong Kong for Saigon with eighty-nine deck passengers and one 2nd class passenger, of whom about fifteen were pirates. The ship was searched before leaving Hong Kong. At about 1.30 a.m. on the 25th May, when about twenty-five miles north-east of the Paracel Islands, the pirates appeared from among the passengers and took charge of the ship. The officers resisted and the pirates fired three shots, one of which wounded the Captain in the leg, while the Second Officer received a chopper wound. The pirates seized all the ship's arms and painted out the Chinese characters on the side of the ship and altered the colouring of the funnel. At 10.30 p.m. on the 26th May, the ship was steaming into Mirs Bay with no lights shewing when she was sighted by No. 4 Police Launch who signalled her to stop. Shots were fired from the Police Launch, which was warned that if it did not cease firing, the ship's officers would be murdered. About mid-night the pirates left the ship in a ship's boat taking with them property of the officers and passengers valued at $4,054.00. However, in their haste to make off no passengers were kidnapped.

No arrests have yet been made.

K 7

The French passenger steamer 'Commandant Henri Riviere", 1,525 tons, is owned by the Societé Anonyme Pannier of Haiphong, the local agents being the Sing Kee Coal and Shipping Company. The ship has wireless and four unarmed Annamite Guards, eight rifles and three pistols with ammunition being kept locked in a cupboard on the bridge. The ship sailed from Hong Kong for Hoi How at 11 a.m. on the 24th November with fourteen second class and one hundred and ninety deck passengers, between twenty and thirty of the latter being pirates. The ship was searched by Police before sailing. About 4 p.m. when the ship had reached a point thirty miles south-west of Gap Rock, the pirates took control of the ship and seized the ship's armoury and a pistol and shot gun belonging to the Second Officer. At 11 a.m. on the 25th November, the ship was stopped off Chilang Light and the pirates commandeered a passing fishing boat in which they left the ship with four passengers and loot valued at $13,293.00. belonging to the officers, crew and passen- gers and landed in Hie Che Chen Bay just off Chilang Point. None of the pirates have been arrested.

Native Craft.-Two piracies on native craft were reported during the year as against four in 1932. On the 17th February, Sampan No. 2245.K was pirated between Lung Shun Wan and Kau Sai by four men armed with revolvers and daggers who sailed away in their own boat with loot valued at $231.00. No person was injured. On the 8th July, Trading Junk No. T3825H was pirated by eight men armed with two revolvers when in Chinese Waters off Deep Bay. The crew of the junk were landed near Tai O on Lantau, and the pirates sailed away in their junk with their cargo and personal belongings valued at $351.50.

Compared with 1932, there was an increase of two cases in the number of piracies on ships, and a decrease of two cases of piracy on native craft.

SPECIAL BRANCH.

11. Following extensive raids in the Colony during the latter part of 1932, the local Communist Party was reduced at the be- ginning of the year under review to a state of inactivity. How- ever, in the early part of the year an effort was made to re-organise the Party but this attempt was short lived owing to the arrests of certain members of the "Working Committee".

During the remainder of the year there were no indications of any renewal of communist activity on a large scale in the Colony, although arrests of communists were made from time to time.

On one occasion inflammatory documents were distributed in an industrial centre, but there were no communist demon- strations, and no strikes or serious labour troubles due to com- munist agitation occurred.

Year.

K 8

FINGER PRINT DEPARTMENT.

12. A summary of work executed in this Department for the year 1933 is as follows:-

Number

of Slips

received.

Number

of traces.

Number

filed.

Number of

Returned

Banishees.

Number of

Hawkers

Slips

received.

Number of

Hawkers

traced,

1933

24,395

6,478

20,103

1932

18,249

4,516

12,669

371 *

271

7,562

3,000

Increase

6,146

1,962

7 434

100

Total number of records on file-157,181.

*During the year, twenty returned banishees were discharged owing to the banishment order having been made on the wrong form of warrant. These persons were later banished on the correct warrant.

PHOTOGRAPHIC SUB-DEPARTMENT,

13. The total number of photographs taken of scenes of serious crime and accidents throughout the year was twenty- six.

The total number of copies of photograph issued was 2,579, made up as follows:

For Criminal Investigation Department. For Police and Supreme Courts

For Special Branch

For Colonial Secretary's Office

729

761

1,043

46

PASSPORT OFFICE.

14. During the year, seventy-eight persons of various nationalities other than Chinese, Indians and Japanese were put before the Courts for the following offences:

Vagrancy

Stowaways Passports

38

14

26

The number of foreign destitutes dealt with during the year was sixty-nine.

L

7

K 9

DEPORTATION OFFICE.

15. Table IV gives the number of persons dealt with by the Deportation Office during the year. A large increase of 2,666 is shown. Medicants were taken charge of, and their fingerprints recorded as from March, 1933. The year has been marked by a large increase in Local Records-Banishment and Discharges from Victoria Gaol. The number of Deportees for the year exceeds the combined figure for 1930 and 1931.

THE NEW TERRITORY.

16. The frontier on the British side remained quiet throughout the year though several outrages were reported from the Chinese side.

Smuggling from British to Chinese Territory has continued and several fatal clashes between Chinese Customs Officers and smugglers in Chinese Territory have been reported.

Friendly relations have been maintained with the Chinese Authorities who have co-operated with and offered every assistance to the Hong Kong Police.

During the year a large gambling establishment was opened in Chinese Territory near Shum Chun Railway Station.

All Police Stations in the New Territory with the exception of Sai Kung, Lok Ma Chau, Ta Ku Ling and Lin Ma Hang were equipped with Electric Light.

Mobile Police Work on the frontier has been greatly facilitated by the provision of motor cycle combinations at Sheung Shui and Sha Tau Kok.

A new No. 11 Motor Boat equipped with a Hotchkiss Cone Propeller for patrol work on the Shum Chun River, and in shallow water, was provided for Lok Ma Chau Station'.

Four murders, nine armed robberies and six attempted armed robberies occurred during the year.

There were one hundred and twenty-six cases of Malaria amongst police in the New Territories as against one hundred and eight in 1932.

4

7

-K 10 -

ESTABLISHMENT RETURN.

17. Return showing the Establishment and Casualties in the Force during the year 1933:

Nationality.

Establishment

of the Force.

Enlistments.

Deaths.

Resignations

through

sickness.

Resignations through expiry of

terms of service or otherwise.

Dismissals or Desertions.

Total Number

of Casualties.

Europeans...

250

17 1

11

3

20

Indians

Chinese

Water Police

726 49 915

121 244 14

4

22

10

43

3

6

14

41

64

8

3

14

Total... 2,135 201

18

58

57

141

This number includes the Police paid by other Depart- ments, also the Engineers, Coxswains, Stokers and Seamen, but it is exclusive of:-

Superintendents.

Assistant

Superintendents.

Probationer.

Accountants.

Storekeepers.

Police

Secretary.

Stenographers.

Clerks.

Telephone

Clerks.

Interpreters.

Messengers and Coolies.

Shroffs.

2 3 1

3 24 10 70

145

ACTUAL STRENGTH ON THE 31ST DECEMBER, 1933.

Euro-

.peans.

Indians. Chinese. Total.

Present

208

660

891

1,759

Sick or Absent on

leave

38

83

10

131

Excess over Estimates.

17

...

17

Vacancies

4

14

18

Total.......

250

760

915

1,925*

*Not including Water Police.

2

.

R

K 11

CONDUCT.

18. The conduct of the European Contingent was good. The total number of reports against them was seventy-seven as against seventy-four in 1932. The conduct of the Indian Contingent was very fair. There were nine hundred and ninety-four reports as against seven hundred and six in 1932. The behaviour of the Chinese Contingent (Cantonese) was very fair. There were 1,120 reports as against 1,043 in 1932. The behaviour of the Chinese Contingent (Wei Hai Wei) was fair. There were four hundred and seventy-four reports as against four hundred and eighty-eight in 1932. The conduct of the Water Police was very fair. There were two hundred and ninety-eight reports in 1933 as compared with two hundred and sixty-one in 1932.

HEALTH.

19. Admissions to hospitals during the past three years are as follows:.

1

1931.

1932.

1933.

Nationality. Establish- Admis- Establish- Admis- Establish-

Admis-

ment.

sions.

ment.

sious.

ment.

sions.

Europeans

269

173

251

132

250

136

Indians

747

481

726

452

726

556

Chinese

901

217

877

158

915

246

The figures for Malaria among Police in the New Territories

during the last four years are:-

1930

1931

1932

1933

182 cases.

93

17

108

""

126

2

MUSKETRY Courses.

20. The following table gives the results of Musketry Courses fired during the year:

Contingent

Month

Number of men who fired

Marksmen

Results

1st Class

2nd Class

3rd Class

Fail

Europeans

Indians

Wei Hai Wei

Indian Guards ..{

February 204 including 7

January 620

Superintendents 91 57 44 9 3 35 188214 157 26 4 66 75 45 15 8 24 6 6 4

205

48.

">

K 12.

GREENER GUN COURSES.

21. Greener Gun Courses were held during the year with the following results:-

Department Month

Number of men who fired

Results

Passed Failed

Europeans,

Water Police.. September

22

223

Indian Guards,

Gaol Staff.

October

66

60

6

REVOLVER Courses.

22. The following Revolver Courses were held during the

year:

Contingent

Month

Number of persons

Results

who fired

Passed Failed

216 including 11

June

Superintendents

216

Europeans

Sept.

214 including 11

Superintendents

214

Dec.

98 including 6

Superintendents

(June

23

Russians

Sept.

30

58885

97

1

23

30

March

595 including 1

Superintendent

595

Indians

July

624 including 1

Superintendent

623

1

Nov.

190

190

March

57

57

Indian Guards.. July

52

52

Nov.

22

22



April

570

570

Cantonese

August

586

586

Nov.

182

182

April

175

175

Wei Hai Wei ...

August

174

174

Nov.

28

28

May

65

65

Water Police

Sept.

64

64

Nov.

56

56

K 13

REVOLVER COURSES (Other Departments).

23. The following Courses were fired during the year:--

Department

Month

Number of persons who fired

Results

Passed Failed

District Watch-

men

May

131

131

European Re-

venue Officers

October

9

4

.5

Chinese Re-

venue Officers September

14

14

European War-

ders

October

41

Indian Warders

112

88883

26

15

93

19

European

Officers,

Fire Brigade

9

LO

5

4

"

POLICE TRAINING SCHOOL.

24. During the year the following recruits were passed out of the School:-

European Indian

Cantonese

Wei Hai Wei

District Watchmen Seamen

16

47

85

36

21

9

Eleven promotion examinations (including one for Police Reserve, C" Company) were held in 1933.

Special courses were given to twenty-five Chinese pro- bationary detectives. Forty-two "D" Anti-Piracy guards re- turned to the School to complete their training and passed out; one hundred and fourteen were given refresher course. Fifty-four Indian and Chinese members of the Police Reserve were trained in knowledge of Police duties and thirty-seven passed. Three "E" Contingent constables underwent a course in English Colloquial and qualified: thirty underwent a course and passed in Shantung dialect and one obtained his first certificate in Mandarin. Twenty Wei Hai Wei Police were trained and passed in knowledge of Traffic duties and regula- tions.

25. Europeans :

1.

- K 14

FIRST AID.

All European officers except two have quali- fied.

2. Fifty-four officers have two certificates.

Indians :-

1. All Indian officers except three have qualified. 2. Two hundred and eight have two certificates.

Cantonese :

1. All Cantonese officers have qualified.

2. Two hundred and twenty-eight have two certi-

ficates.

Wei Hai Wei:-

Every member of the "D" Contingent has quali- Wei Hai Wei Teacher Dou Lun obtain-

fied.

ed the 2nd certificate in First Aid. ·

Note:-Recruits under training are not included in the above return, although about 60 per cent. have quali- fied. All must qualify before passing out of the Police Training School.

GUARDS OFFICE.

26. Return showing the Establishment and Casualties during the year 1933 :-

Nationality.

Establishment.

Enlistment.

Deaths.

:

10 1865

35 †

Resignations.

Dismissals.

Total

Casualities.

Strength on

31.12.33.

Russian Guards

34t

3

2

2

Indian Special Guards

96

1

13

2

15

Chinese (Wei Hai Wei)

Guards

968

8

Co

96

151

3

100

13

116

490

Indian Police Watchmen...

Chinese (Cantonese)

Watchmen......

Total

*****

12

8

co

41

167

3

121

25 149

747

† Includes one attached to the Criminal Investigation Department, Police

Headquarters.

Interchangeable with and drawn from regular duties. No fixed establishment; recruited as required.

K 15

Anti-Piracy Work--Twenty-five units of Anti-Piracy Guards were supplied to the British India Steam Navigation Company, and twelve units to the Indo-China Steam Navigation Company on the Hong Kong-Singapore run. Eighteen units were sup- plied to the Canadian Pacific Steamship Company on the Hong Kong-Shanghai run. The China Navigation Company retained permanent guards on twelve vessels between Shanghai, Hong Kong and Singapore. Towards the end of the year the Com- pany increased their total of units retained from fourteen to sixteen. During the annual overhaul of the Canadian Pacific vessels, the Russian guards normally employed by the Com- pany were drafted temporarily to the Police Training School for Refresher courses.

(A Unit comprises the Non-commissioned Officer and six men of a Guard.)

Conduct Police Watchmen: Discipline throughout the year was fair. There were three hundred and eighty-four de- faulters as against four hundred and sixty-five during 1932.

Special Guards: Total defaulters were thirty as against thirty-six during 1932.

Russian Contingent:

during 1932.

Sixteen defaulters as against ten

Wei Hai Wei Contingent: Thirty-three defaulters as against fifty-seven in 1932.

MENDICANTS.

27. During the year, seven hundred and seventy-four mendicants were dealt with by the Police Department. Of this number, six hundred and nineteen were convicted before Police Magistrates for begging and eighteen were discharged. Of the numbers sent away:

334 were sent to Canton.

130

J

""

37

81

""

"

""

Deep Bay. Kong Mun.

34

26

19

"1

"

}}

15

J

,,

Macau.

Wu Chau.

Amoy.

San Mei.

12

17

11

""

10

19

11

9

Shum Chun.

Nam Tau.

1

Ho Hau.

Pak Hoi.

"

9

Hoi How.

''

>>

>>

Sha U Chong.

35

∞ + 0 + 20

1

""

Tai Ping.

1

""

3

11

Shanghai.

Shekki.

4

""

""

Tung Wah Hospital. Swatow.

را

- K 16

In addition to the above there were eighty persistent and confirmed beggars banished from Hong Kong for a period of ten years during 1933.

Of the total sent away twenty-three mendicants were traced as having been sent away more than once.

DEAD BODIES.

28. The following table shows the number of unknown dead bodies found by Police in the streets and elsewhere during the last five years:

Locality.

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933.

Victoria,

706

418

366

382

357

Kowloon,

1,072

669

738

884

881

Harbour,

164

126

115

79

47

Elsewhere,

91

103

76

82

62

Total,...........

2,033

1,316

1,295

1,427

1,347

Sex.

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

Male.....

149

Adults

Female...

33

88888

86

107

10

22

17

13

Unknown

036

15

10

1

...

Male ......

1,015

643

664

713

722

Children... Female ...

807

533

489

614

558

Unknown

Το

Total,..........

29

32

18

41

41

2,033

1,316

1,295

1,427

1,347

DOGS ORDINANCE,

29. On account of the prevalence of rabies, the muzzling order was brought into force with effect from the 24th April, 1933, and continued in force throughout the year.

Five hundred and eighty-seven dogs were destroyed in 1933 as compared with two hundred and thirty-four in 1932.

Dogs Licensed

Dogs Licensed (free).

Dogs Impounded

Dogs Destroyed

1932

1933

2,964

3,753

35

33

.30

153

234

587

- K 17

LICENCES.

30. Table VII shows the number of different licences issued during the year.

TRAFFIC.

31. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Traffic Regulations (Section 3-Ordinance No. 40 of 1912):-

Year.

Prosecu- Convic- tions. tions.

With-

drawn.

Dis- charged.

Re-

Total amount

manded.

of fines.

1933...... 6,757

6,417

132

150

58

$ 42,050.00

1932...... 6,502

6,106

202

119

75 $ 36,249.50

Manslaughter

1933......

1

1932......

1

1

1

The total number of persons examined as Motor Drivers during the year was 1,631 as against 1,445 in the year 1932. The total number of persons passed as Motor Drivers during the year was 1,340 as against 1,239 in the year 1932.

The total number of accidents reported during the year was 1,772 as against 1,134 in the year 1932. The total number of fatal accidents during the year was fifty-eight involving the deaths of sixty persons as against sixty-one in the year 1932.

The total number of Public Motor Vehicles examined and passed fit for public use during the year was 4,191 as against 3,733 in the year 1932. The total number of Public Motor Vehicles examined and found unfit for public use during the year was seven hundred and sixty as against six hundred and seventeen in the year 1932.



The total number of Commercial Motor Vehicles examined and passed fit for commercial use during the year was 6,264 as against 4,995 in the year 1932. The total number of Commer- cial Motor Vehicles examined and found unfit for commercial use during the year was 1,183 as against 1,186 in the year 1932.

The total number of motor driver's licences suspended dur- ing the year was one hundred and three as against eighty-five in the year 1932. The total number of motor driver's licences cancelled during the year was twelve as against ten in the year 1932.

K 18

Table VIII gives a classification of vehicle accidents and their causes.

MOTOR PATROL SECTION.

32. The Motor Patrol Section has been kept up to full strength during the year. On ceremonial occasions this section has been found to be very useful in coping with traffic. A recall system has been arranged which enables Officers in charge of Districts to get in touch with the officers on motor cycle patrol with the minimum of delay which is very essential in cases of emergency. All the machines of the section have given very satisfactory service.

POLICE MOTOR VEHICLES.

33. The number of Police Motor Vehicles is as follows:

Motor Vans

Motor Cars

Motor Cycles (Dog Cages)

Combinations (Motor Cycles)

6

3

2

12

13

Solo Motor Cycles

EMERGENCY UNITS.

34. The Emergency Units in Hong Kong and Kowloon per- formed very useful services throughout the year.

The year

shews a decrease in the number of calls in comparison with the previous year.

Calls."

Fees collected.

Hong Kong Unit

1932

131

$7,944.00

1933

114

$6,043.00

Kowloon Unit

1932

113

$ 681.00

L

1933

103

$1,109.00

MEDALS.

35. His Excellency the Governor was pleased to award medals to members of the Force for meritorious services render-

ed during the year as under:-

2nd Class Medal

3rd Class Medal

4th Class Medal

36. The following annexes are appended:-

A. Report on Police Reserve.

B. Report on the Street Boys' Club. C. Report on the Water Police.

D.

Remand Home for Juvenile Offenders.

1

1

13

E. D. C. WOLFE, Inspector General of Police.

Hong Kong, 3rd May, 1934.

1

K 19

Table I.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE 1932 AND 1933.

Personal Emoluments*.

1932

1933

$2,259,219.81 $2,309,591.37

Other Charges.

Ammunition

10,164.58

20,560.20

Upkeep of Arms.

4,613.69

3,627.71

Bedding

3,767.12

6,659.01

Burial of Destitute dead

431.00

418.60

Cleansing Materials and Washing

495.20

438.05

Clothing and Accoutrements

54,351.33

89,462.08

Coal for Barracks

11,164.27

7,146.78

Conveyance and motor allowances

9,272.55

10,149.32

Coolie Hire

2,492.69

3,071.23

Disinfectants

2,289.30

2,293.24

Grants to Villages in N.T. in aid of

Village Scout Scheme

1,320.00

690.00

Identification of Criminals

125.70

144.00

Incidental Expenses

4,577.35

6,388.75

Incidental Expenses,

Remand

Home Juvenile Offenders......

185.71

Interpretation Fees

Light and Electric Fans

234.82 43,782.05

424.50

45,973.63

Medals

Mess Utensils.

774.39

695.48

Passages

115,778.02

136,980.14

Petrol Oil &c. for Police Motor

Cars and Cycles..

7,639.51

8,384.52

Photography

4,273.66

4,980.08

Rations for Indian Police

61,855.04

57,396.73

Rent of Stations.

5,132.00

Rent of Stations & Married Police

Quarters

19,784.56

Repairs to Police Motor Cars and

Cycles

4,716.50

7,925.29

Rewards

1,995.00

2,395.00

Rent of Married Police Quarters.....

7,010.73

Secret Service......

14,280.90

18,256.69

Small Stores

8,794.39

7,842.84

Special Course of Instruction....

337.08

Subsistence of Prisoners

3,224.79

3,595.71

Telegrams and long distance tele-

phone calls

1,417.67

1,165.87

Transport

12,389.31

12,832.20

Expenses of Anti-Piracy Guards...

27,062.92

24,157.47

Total Other Charges

$ 425,763.56 $ 504,025.39

*Includes Officers of Cadet, S.C. & A., & J.C. Services.

K 20

Table I,-Continued.

Special Expenditure.

1932

1933

12 Bicycles

1,044.71

13 Motor Cycles...

12,319.25

Traffic Lights.......

1,981.50

2,260.00

12 pairs Handcuffs

224.26

40 Revolvers

3,676.76

250 Quick Loaders for Revolvers

836.96

Police Reserve Motor Emergency

Unit

2,725.00

Greener Riot Guns

4,447.05

2 Photo Cabinets

640.00

Fire Extincteurs...

Portable Weighbridge

50 Winchester Rifles.

50 Revolvers

4 Motor Cycle Combinations

Recall Signals...........

828.65

835.14

3,768.63

ľ

3,997.59

5,723.31

3,962.00

Expenses in connection with New

Edition of Police Service Re- gulations

900.00

Total Special Expenditure

Total Police Department

27,255.49 $ 22,915.32

$2,712,238.86 $2,836,532.08

K 21

Table II.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE 1932 AND 1933.

HEAD OF REVENUE COLLECTED BY POLICE DEPARTMENT.

3

Duties.

Motor Spirit

Licences and Internal Revenue.

Arms Licences

Dangerous Goods Licences

Dogs Licences

Forfeitures

$ 3,300.40 $ 3,898.75

1932

1933

35,691.67 30,960.00

14,031.50

14,928.25

11,898.00

15,201.00

6,014.92

5,432.81

Hawkers' Licences

89,161.00

90,320.00

Money Changers' Licences

18,950.00

17,626.00

Theatrical Licences

2,531.00

4,637.00

Vehicle, Motor Licences

198,978.42

186,432.74

Vehicle, Motor Drivers Licences........

42,311.00

43,939.50

Vehicle, Other Licences

57,846.00

51,706.00

Vehicle, Other Drivers Licences..

3.410.40

2,754.30

Miscellaneous Licences

1,035.00

500.00

Liquor Licences, N. T.

5,025.00

6,575.00

Special Licensing Fees, Foreign

Registration

6,429.87

31,659.27

Fees of Court or Office &c.

Blake Pier Tickets

490.94

435.20

Contributions towards Anti-Piracy

Escorts

115,204.68

99,961.91

Film Censoring Fees

5,584.80

5,165.50

Miscellaneous Fees

12,734.50

12,214.00

Motor Ambulance Fees

11,295.00

9,955.00

Official Signatures

5,665.00

5,895.00

Police and Other Stores

1,847.13

1,318.48

Police Services

32,729.20

23,846.40

Sick Stoppages from Police Force...

4,360.85

4,581.45

Watchmen's Ordinance

10,773.80

16,014.60

Miscellaneous Receipts.

Condemned Stores, &c.

2,187.98

2,199.72

Other Miscellaneous Receipts

3,709.40

3,865.61

Overpayments in previous years

3,189.71

5,660.37

Total

$706,387.17 $697,683.86

K 22

Table III.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE OF POLICE

DEPARTMENT FOR LAST TEN YEARS.

* Personal

Emoluments

and other Charges.

Special Expenditure.

Total Expenditure.

Total Revenue

1924

$ 1,832,755.05

45.193.64

$ 1,877,948.69 $ 389,176.19

1925

1,775,062 61

137,984.30

1,913,016.91

375.782.40

1926

1,746,395.89

96,905.35

1.843,301.24

374,548.51

1927

1,848,625.56

26,839.12

1,875,464.68

393,556.72

1928

1,994,940.02

110,398.88

2,105,838,90

448 771.85

1929

2,027.716 87

57,247.03

2,084,963.90

463,148,21

1930

2,714,290.87

38,404.07

2,752,694.94

487,169,22

1931

2,950,698 17

13,920,53

2,964,618.70

613,882.91

1932

2,684,983.37

1933

2,813,616.76

27,255.49

22,915.32

2,712,238.86

706,387.17

2,836,532.08 697,683.86

* Includes Officers of Cadet, S.C. & A., & J.C. Services attached to Department.

1

44

*Excludes S.C.A. Repatriates.

+Includes increase in Police Supervisees.

Year.

Hong Kong Banishees.

Gaol Discharges.

Singapore Deportees.

Singapore Vagrants.

D.E.I. & Deli undesirables.

Rangoon Deportees.

- K 23

Table IV.

DEPORTATION OFFICE ANNUAL REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1933.

1932.

1,919

2,747

1,764

1,452

1,875

206

3

27

73

14

Nil

50

1933.

3,282

4,564

1,562

1,003

1,353

195

7

86

22

23

16

619

87

25

Mauritius Deportees.

Increase

1,363

1,817

4

59

2

619

37

Decrease

202

449

522

11

51

F

Total number of persons dealt with 1932. Total number of persons dealt with 1933. General increase during the year 1933.

.10,080*

...12,709

2,666+

Sandakan Sarawak Deportees.

Ocean Island, Nauru and Kwong Chau Wan undesirables.

Asiatic Petroleum Co. Time-

expired Labourers.

Hong Kong Mendicants.

Hong Kong Police Supervisees.

3

NATURE OF OFFENCE.

K 24

Table V.

YEARLY RETURN OF CRIME FOR THE WHOLE COLONY FOR THE YEAR 1933.

A-SERIOUS OFFENCES.

PERSONS -

CONVICTED.

PERSONS DISCHARGED.

VALUE OF PROPERTY STOLEN.

VALUE OF

PROPERTY RECOVERED.

Charge cases.

Cases without charge.

Total cases.

Charge cases.

Cases without charge.

Total cases.

1932.

1933.

% Charge cases to total.

Europeans.

Indians.

Chinese.

Europeans.

Indians.

Chinese.

€9

C.

**

Arms,

57

Assault (Serious),

18

co co

9

66

57

9

27

38

990

10

67

85%

62

10

16

54

70%

1

2

32

5

::

Assault with intent to rob,

5

5

3

3 100%

6

:

Burglary,

53

115

163

20

70

90

22%

28

3 17,628.37

1,501.39

Coinage Offences,

26

26

46

46 100%

41

8

Deportation,

273

273

363

363 100%

1

343

19

Embezzlement,

20

56

76

31

47

78

39%

28

House and Godown Breaking,.

64

119

183 68

86

154 44%

1

75

3149,155.36 5 22,403.89

6,236.34 4,731.19

Intimidation and Extortion,...

7

7

1

1 100%

1

Kidnapping,

14

14

16

16 100%

18

4

...

Larceny from Dwelling Houses,

Obtaining by False Pretences,.

Larceny,

Larceny on Ships and Wharves, Manslaughter,

Murder,

Murder, (Attempted),

Receiving,

2,192 1,493 3,685 2,230 1,427

3,657

60%

5

107

529

636

81

444

525

15%

NO 27

2

2,200

1

:

78

3

63 41

104

62

60

122

50%

67

7

:

:

3

2

5

8

3

11

72%

2

1

1

6

165 384,495.03 34,809.79

7 62,483.17 14,037.14

11,201.02 1,519.65

...

J

9

21

30

6

8

14 43%

1

2

367.00

267.57

...

2

2

1

1 100%

1

::

47

23

70

68

22

90 75%

+

56

3

12 23,324.23

3,390.16

184

184

187

187 100%

171

1

52

Robbery,..

18

47

65

19

44

63 30%

12

15 22,656.73

705.02

Women and Girls,...

8

8

16

...

16 100%

21

3

Other Serious Offences,

63

10 73

56

16

72 77%

1

56

21 70,777.58

271.09

1

Total,...

3,233 2,474 5,707 3,373 2,253 5,630

15

4 3,299

103

5

5

347 764,492,38 67,469.34

* Includes two murderers who committed suicide.

"

one charge case pending.

-1

C

L

ΓΙ



K 26

Table VI.

ARMS AND AMMUNITION SEIZED AND CONFISCATED DURING THE YEAR 1938.

In Store on 31.12.33.

Description of Arms.

Arms Seized.

Origin.

Ammunition Seized.

Origin.

Arms.

الله الله

Ammunition.

Winchester Rifles

Rifles Various

U.S.A.

Shotgun 5

Unknown.

103 rds.

1

U.S.A.

5 rds.

Unknown.

223

24

37

*9,557

German Rifles

18 rds.

Germany.

Mauser Pistols

107

Germany.

1,218 rds. 20,000 rds.

U.S.A.

119

10,213

Germany.

Auto Pistols

1

OD TO LO TH

3

Belgian.

3

Germany.

5

U.S.A.

237 rds.

U.S.A.

Unknown.

38 rds.

Unknown.

322

3,693

Revolvers

HONI CO

1

British.

6

U.S.A.

2

Belgian.

89 rds.

Belgian.

1

Spanish.

430 rds.

Germany.

6

Unknown.

17 rds.

Unknown.

53

6,071

85

16,962

Lugar Pistols

Thompson Sub-Machine Guns

Lewis Guns, Savage

3

(A quantity of

spare parts. which made

up 3 Lewis guns and left

a lot of spares).

F

U.S.A.

1,398 rds.

U.S.A.

3

*Included.

་ |

NATURE OF OFFENCES.

K 25

Table V.

YEARLY RETURN OF CRIME FOR THE WHOLE COLONY FOR THE YEAR 1933.

B. MINOR OFFENCES.

Charge cases.

Cases without

charge.

Total cases.

Charge cases.

Cases without charge.

Total cases.

1932.

1933.

% Charge cases to total.

Europeans.

Indians.

Chinese.

PERSONS

CONVICTED.

Europeans.

PERSONS

DISCHARGED.

Indians.

Chinese.

VALUE OF

PROPERTY

STOLEN.

VALUE OF

PROPERTY

RECOVERED

€A-

S

****

Assault,

341

341

402

402

100%

Damage to Property,

13

13

26

26 100%

NO

9

441

2

54

:

1

21

Dangerous Goods,

24

24

38

38 100%

43

Drunkenness,..

19

19

16

16 100%

13

1

3

Forestry Offences,

273

273

342

342 100%

419

4

2

2:0

...

...

...

...

...

Gambling,

386

386 457

457 | 100%

2,229

Hawking Offences,.

8,699

8,699 12,670

12,670 100%

12,523

49

292

Lottery Offences,

223

223 402

402 100%

428

39

Mendicants,

395

395

584

584 100%

619

18

Merchant Shipping Ordinance,

386

386

488

488 100%

1

898

15

Morphine,

15

15 79

79 100%

121

22

...

Nuisances,

394

394 1,046

1,046 100%

2

1,039

Opium,

825

8253,979

3,979 | 100%

4,378

Revenue,

606

606 880

880 100%

1

889

Rogue and Vagabond,

78

78

114

114 100%

113

28

212

35

21

...

...

:..

...

Stowaways,

22

22

28

28 100%

13

2

54

1

...

Unlawful Possession,

294

294

321

321 100%

279

56

...

Vagrants,

30

30

35

35 100%

333

37

3

1

...

Vehicles and Traffic,

803

803 1,383

Women and Girls,

384

384 873

Other Miscellaneous Offences,.

1,154

1,154 1,496

1,383 100% 873 100%

1,496 | 100%

...

3

1

1,380

32

་་

868

36

24

9❘ 2,005

2

128

Total,.

15,364

15,364 25,659

...

25,659

97

...

27 28,750

2

4 1,065

Grand Total,

[18,597 18,597 2,472 21,071 29,036 2,253,31,289

112

31 32,049

-

9 1,412 764,492.38 67,469.34

i

}



:

K 27

-

Table VII.

LICENCES ISSUED DURING THE YEAR 1933.

Public Jinrickshaws

1,108

Private Jinrickshaws

572

Public Chairs

388

Private Chairs

63

Drivers and Bearers

13,182

Truck licences

130

Motor cars (Livery)

626

Motor cars (Private)

2,605

Motor Drivers (Cars and Cycles)

6,660

Motor cycle (Licences)

412

Money Changers

174

Pawnbrokers

107

Auctioneer Licences

3

Auctioneer Licences (Temporary)

Billiard Tables and Bowling Alleys..

3

Marine Stores

40

Game Licences

205

Hawkers

12,634

Dangerous Goods

1,118

Poisons

114

t

:

.2

...

:

:

5

116

K 28

7

119

3

38

1

26

8

43

25

407

1

21

OF CAUSES OF ACCIDENTS LEADING TO THE INJURY OF PEDESTRIANS OR

VEHICLES.

Public Cars.

Motor Lorries.

Tram Cars.

Motor Cycles...

"Pedal Cycles.

Hand Trucks.

Rickshaws.

Totals.

+1

'n

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

· Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong Kong and Kowloon

.F F N-F F N-F

F N-F F N-F F N-F

F N.F

F N-F

F

N-F F N.F F N-F F N.F F N-F F N-F F N-F

F

N-F

!

6

1

9

3

1

16

:

11

14

:

:

:

7

CT2

:

:

1

:

:

:..

:

:.

3

1

1

:

TME

2

4

2

...

...

...

2

:

:

:..

:

3

2

...

3

10

:

:

:

CO

3

27

4

...

4

:

C

18

2

11

3

3

نت

3 70

2

8

52

2

18

15

I

4

**

:

4

1

1

...

ő

2

1

5

مد

2

1

Other causes

*1

6

Co

:

Co

2

4

HP

:

93 3

22 +19

103

6

52

123

killed,

280

...

:

3

T.

:

11

:

4

:..

:

:

:..

1

1

...

:

5

10

:

:.

:

:.

.:.

.1

6

1

...

6

***

45

***

:

:

2

:

:

4

:

:

:.

2

1

:

:..



:

11

...

:

:

$1

§ Rickshaw driver killed by Fire Engine.

3 66

...

27

16

2

13

21

:

69

tincludes four persons killed in two accidents.

419,

72

いま

2

:

co

**

37

53

333

1

2

60

860

12

1,796

殿

*

TABLE OF ÚÁUSES OF ACCIDENTS LEADING TO THE INJURY OF PEDESTRIANS OR

7

3

...

3

1

Motor Buses.

Private Cars.

Public Cars.

Motor Lorries.

Tram Cars.

Motor Cycles.

Pedal Cycles.

Cause of Accident.

Hong

Kowloon

Kong

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

- Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong

Kong

Kowloon

Hong

Hong

Kowloon

Kowloon

Kong

Kong

}

N.F F N-F

N-F

F

F

F

N-F

N-F B'

N-F

F

N-F

F

N-F

F

N-F

F

N-F

F

N-F

F

N.F

F

N-F

F

N.F

:

Walking or running in front of a moving vehicle

1

3

1

7

21

4

...

Leaving or boarding a moving vehicle

Stepping off footway

...

13

4 79

:

1

2

Passing behind a moving vehicle..

1

...

...

Falling from a vehicle

2

2

Running across streets

16

1

9

3

1 16

:

:

:.

:

...

12

1

2

1

3

...

8

3

20

...

:

:

2

13

3

12

3

148

43

3

1

2

1

...

...

:

:

:

:

:

Playing games on streets

Passengers on vehicle injured in accident

Drivers of vehicle injured in accident

Total accidents involving in- juries

Total accidents (fatal, involving injury, and without injury).

.....

4

:

:

:

4

12

5

38

8

120

303

1

6

Co

11

:

11

14

=

:

లు

:

...

...

2

:

:

:

:..

:

1



18

2

11

8

52

2 18

2

4

1

2

70

2

...

Other causes

*1

:

:

:

6

27

++

4

2

:

లు

:

:

:

:

:

:

...

:

:

:

15

1

2

4

**

...

:

:.

1

་་་

...

...

:

2

...

3

11

...

:

...

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

| :

10

5

196

3

82

93

3

22

+19 103

52

3

66

99

585

* Man knocked off ladder on footpath and killed,

280

69

...

4

1

.1

6

...

:

I

2

ลง

:

1

2

...

...

:

1

:

:

5

:

6

27

16

2

13

21

ncludes four persons killed in two accidents.

-419/

72

45

§ Ricksha

....

K 29

Annexe A.

REPORT OF THE HONG KONG POLICE RESERVE FOR THE YEAR 1933.

1. There have been no changes in the organisation of the Hong Kong Police Reserve during the year.

2. The Riot Van, which was supplied to the Unit in 1932, has been in frequent use throughout the year in connection with special work and in training.

3. The strength of the Force shows a further increase over the figures for the previous year, bringing the total to two hundred and forty-nine. The strength of the various Units is shown below:

The number of resignations received during the year, for various reasons, totals twenty-five, while the number of new members enlisted totals fifty-six.

1933. 1932.

Chinese Company

92

82

Indian Company

69

47

Flying Squad

46

46

Emergency Unit Reserve

42

43

249

218

4. Training and Instruction have been continued on similar lines, and much improved attendances have been recorded by the Chinese and Indian Companies.

5. During the year, there have been a number of Revolver Competitions between Units and between Sections of Units, in the course of which some very excellent shooting has been re- corded.

6. Duties have been carried out in accordance with the requirements of the Regular Police, contingents having been supplied for the usual ceremonial occasions; and during the two weeks preceding the Chinese New Year, both the Emergency Unit and the Flying Squad were maintaining regular patrols at night in various districts in the Colony.

- K 30

Annexe B.

STREET BOYS' CLUB, ANNUAL REPORT FOR 1933.

1. The total membership of the Club is now twenty-three.

2. During the year, seven boys absconded from the Club, four were dismissed for misconduct, and four were allowed to resign.

3. Twelve new members joined the Club during the year.

4. Of the twenty-three members, ten are in St. Louis Industrial School. One boy was taken from the School to work as a hawker, while another entered the School in his place. Among the remainder two are employed as Police messengers, one as billiard marker at the Police Canteen Billiard Room, Police Headquarters, four are hawkers, four are employed as shoe-blacks, one is retained as caretaker at the Club premises and one is employed as a waiter.

5. During the summer months the boys were taken to Telegraph Bay once per week for swimming. At the end of the season six boys were able to swim. At the Police Annual Aquatic Sports held at the Victoria Recreation Club Swimming bath in September, 1933, five boys entered in a race arranged for members of the Club.

6. Through the kind offices of the Directorate, games, drill and gymnastic classes were held every Tuesday and Thursday evenings during the year at the Chinese Y.M.C.A., except during July and August when the classes were suspended for summer vacation.

7. English and Chinese classes were continued on three evenings a week throughout the year, but the boys displayed very little interest in this tuition.

8. Through the generosity of the Hong Kong Government the huts formerly used as a Vaccination Station in the grounds of the Sailors' Home, now converted into No. 7 Police Station, were handed over to the Street Boys' Club on April 15th, 1933. This step has relieved the Club of a monthly charge for rent and given the boys more spacious accommodation in more con- genial surroundings. The huts were thoroughly overhauled by the Public Works Department, water laid on, and electric light installed. The boys now have separate rooms for dormitory, dining room and class room. The opening was marked by a special tea and dinner for the boys.

9. Mr. B. E. Maughan very kindly presented the Club with a gramophone and records. The. boys have also received gifts of cakes and fruit from several ladies in the Colony who maintain an interest in the Club. Mr. Ho, Probation Officer at the Remand Home, has also interested himself in the Club and paid frequent visits.

f

K 81

10. The thanks of the Club are due to the South China Athletic Association and to the Hong Kong Women's Guild and Ministering Children's League for generous donations during the year. The balance of funds on December 31st was $1,446.03. The business depression appears to have affected the earnings of the members of the Club, for there was a considerable drop in savings during the year, while the withdrawals of savings amounted to $477.12. The balance of savings in hand on December 31st was $140.82.

Annexe C.

REPORT ON THE WATER POLICE.

1. The following return shows the Establishment and casualties of the Water Police during the year 1933:

Nationality.

Chinese....

244 14

4

7

3

14

CONDUCT.

2. The conduct of the Chinese Staff of the Water Police was fair. There were two hundred and ninety-eight reports in 1933 as compared with two hundred and sixty-one in 1932.

There were one hundred and nineteen men against whom no defaulter reports were made during 1933.

Stoker No. 42, Wong Kau, was charged before, the Police Magistrate (Kowloon) for larceny of two articles of clothing, the property of Stoker No. 39, Yeung Kam Shui, on the 14th April, 1933. He was convicted and sentenced to two months' hard labour.

ACCIDENTS.

3. There were eleven accidents to Police Launches in 1933 as compared with eleven in 1932.

As a result of enquiries held by the Harbour Master into these cases, one European, two coxswains and two seamen were dealt with departmentally. In one case the accident was

T

K 82

due to the defective eyesight of the coxswain who has been invalided from the service. In four cases the accidents were unavoidable with no blame attached to anyone and in three cases the Water Police Staff was found free from blame.

CRUISING LAUNCHES.

4. During the year Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 Launches underwent an annual survey and overhaul. No. 1 Launch is very old and cannot be counted as fully efficient as she is suitably only for "Protected Waters." Nos. 2, 3 and 4 Launches are in good condition and their wireless gives satisfactory service.

HARBOUR LAUNCHES.

5. The Harbour Launches Nos. 5, 6, 8 and 14 are in a satisfactory condition. Nos. 7 and 9 are old and their efficiency

They have no searchlights.

is rapidly decreasing.

MOTOR BOATS.

6. Motor Boats Nos. 10, 11 and 12 continue to give useful service. A new No. 11 Motor Boat has been supplied and is giving satisfactory service. The engine of No. 12 Motor Boat has been condemned and a new Diesel Engine is to be installed. This should greatly increase her efficiency. No. 10 Motor Boat is old and her efficiency is decreasing.

MUSKETRY.

7. The Chinese Deck Staff of the Cruising Launches are given regular practices with revolvers and Greener Guns.

All Winchester rifles were in a bad condition through age and were replaced by Greener Guns during 1933.

A half yearly Vickers Machine Gun Course was fired on the four Cruising Launches. Nos. 2, 3 and 4 Launches fired one Three-pounder Gun Course during the year. Good results were obtained in both these courses.

Annexe D.

REMAND HOME FOR JUVENILE OFFENDERS.

1. The Home was opened for the reception of boys on November 20th. Mr. C. P. Fallon (retired from the Hong Kong Police) who had been appointed Superintendent, had given much thought and attention to the fitting up and pre- paration of the Home. He has under him one Chinese Lance Sergeant and seven Chinese constables to maintain discipline in the Home. Some of these Police officers give instruction to the inmates in elementary reading and writing. Steps are also in hand for the engagement of an instructor to teach the boys basket making:

-

- K 33

2. Up to the 31st December, 1933, fifty boys had been ordered detention by Police Magistrates for the following offences:-

Hawking

Larceny

Offences against Revenue.

Unlawful Possession

Cutting and Wounding Assault

26

13

7

2

1

1

50

R

Sixty-six boys were sent to the Home from different Police Stations, but twenty-six of these are included in the fifty who were dealt with by the Magistrates. The boys are given em- ployment in laundry work, wood cutting, games and physical drill.

3. There is a Sick Bay in the Home but no need for its use has occurred. A Medical Officer pays regular visits to the Home. On many occasions, boys who were admitted have stated that their parents were dead, and that they had no relatives. After a few days in the Home and as the result of enquiries made by the Probation Officers, the same boys have admitted that they had parents or relatives in the Colony and they have later been handed back to their homes. Four typical cases are set out below:

(1) Ng Kan, aged 11. Did not know his surname, and when admitted to the Home stated that his parents were dead and that he had no relations. After being detained for three days, he disclosed to the Probation Officer that his father named Wan To was a licensed hawker with a stall at Tsung Sau Street East, and that his mother was living with his father at 15, Po Leung Kuk New Street, 3rd floor. The father, when informed of his son's detention, stated that the boy had been missing from home for two months and that though he had hired a man for twenty cents a day to look for him, the child's whereabouts remained unknown. The father identified the boy at the Remand Home on November 28th, and he was after- wards restored to his father before the Police Magistrate (Kowloon).

(2) Cheng Hoi, aged 10.' When admitted to the Home, this boy told the same story as Ng Kan, but after three days' detention he told the Probation Officer that his mother was still alive and lived at No. 13, Square Street, 2nd floor. When his mother Lee Sam So was called upon, she said that she

K 34

and his father Cheng Tin (who has a licensed newspaper hawker stall at Pottinger Street) had done their best for over two months to find their son. The mother identified the boy at the Remand Home and he was restored to her later before the Police Magis- trate (Kowloon).

(3) Yuen Chau, aged 16 (Chinese age). This boy stated that he had no fixed place of abode, but after being in the Home a few days admitted to the Probation Officer that he had run away from home and gave his address as No. 93, Mo Wu Street, 2nd floor, Hunghom. The Probation Officer found his parents, who stated that he had been missing from home for three months. He was later handed over to his father at the Juvenile Court.

(4) Leung Wing, aged 15. This boy stated that he had no fixed abode, but after being in the Home for four days gave his true name to the Probation Officer as Chan Sze Hoi, and No. 80, Portland Street, 3rd floor, as the address of his uncle. By order of the Magistrate he was handed by Police to his uncle Chan Pak Kuen to be sent back to the country to his mother.

R

K 35

REPORT OF THE CHIEF OFFICER, HONG KONG FIRE

BRIGADE FOR THE YEAR 1933.

EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE.

The expenditure of the Fire Brigade for the year 1983 was $307,896.84, including special expenditure amounting to $41,736.67, as against $297,080.17 including special expenditure amounting to $56,025.17 in 1932.

2. The revenue of the Brigade for the year amounted to a total of $10,732 derived from the following sources:-

year.

$9,955.00 as against

$11,295.00 for 1932, a decrease of 11.86%.

Motor Ambulance Service

Theatre and Special duties

$777.00 as against

$1,353.00 for 1932, a decrease of 42.57%.

STATION AND EQUIPMENT.

3. No new permanent stations were erected during the

Plans in respect of the new main Fire Station for the Kow- loon peninsula were, during the year, authorised to be prepared as were also plans in respect of the small Sub-Station which it is proposed to erect in the compound of Sham Shui Po Police Station.

4. The following appliances were supplied during the year and added to the equipment of the Brigade:-

(a) One 100 ft. all steel Motor Turntable Water Tower

and Fire Escape.

(b) One

Austin 10 H.P. chassis with portable

motor fire pump.

(c) Two sets" Salvus" self-contained breathing ap-

paratus.

(d) Six 2-gallon type

22

Foam fire extinguishers.

5. Forty-nine wheels were obtained to allow for the con- version to "straight side" of all motor fire appliances and am- bulances which previously were fitted with Clincher type wheels and tyres.

6. All vehicles and fire floats were satisfactorily overhauled during the year. All other appliances and equipment were examined and tested every month,

...

- K 36

7. The number of pedestal hydrants was increased by twenty-eight while the number of ball hydrants was decreased by four during the year: the total number of hydrants now being 1,358, viz:-

Pedestal hydrants:-

Hong Kong (including Peak)

Kowloon

162

118

Ball hydrants---

Hong Kong (including Peak)

700

Kowloon (including New Territories)

378

Total

1,358

1

The above were regularly inspected every quarter.

FIRES, LOSS OF LIFE AND RESCUES.

One

8. Fatalities at fires amounted to eighteen in all. person, aged 86, was burned to death in a hut 6 × 6 feet in the remote village of Tung Tau. One person died from burns received as a result of the igniting of inflammable spirit in the yard of a house in Staunton Street. Four persons, includ- ing two children, were drowned and another person burned to death as a result of a fire which occurred on a junk in Tsun Wan Bay. Six persons perished as a result of the disastrous fire which occurred in a five-storeyed building in Eastern Street where they were trapped in a kitchen in the rear of the upper floor.

Three persons were suffocated while two others succumbed to their injuries at the fire which occurred in two adjoining four-storeyed buildings used as rattan-matting and card-board box factories and tenement dwellings in Reclamation Street. At this fire thirteen persons were rescued by Brigade appliances.

9. Two persons lost their lives as a result of the collapse of the third floor verandah of a private house in Yuk Shau Street, Wong Nei Chung.

STAFF KILLED OR INJURED IN THE EXECUTION OF DUTY.

10. Fireman, No. 77, Wu Choi, was killed as a result of the collapse of the floors at a fire in Queen's Road, Central.

Fourth Officer, G. C. Moss, received an injury to his right hand at a fire in Canton Road,

K 37

CALLS.

11. The number of calls received during the year totalled 210, actual fires 166, chimney fires 18, collapses 4, landslides 2 and false alarms 20. Compared with the previous year (1932) there was a decrease of fifty-two calls. Thirty-seven were re- ceived by fire alarm, one hundred and fifty by telephone, four by Police and nineteen from messengers.

12. Of the false alarms, three were maliciously given, twelve were given with good intent, and five were due to elec- trical faults.

THEATRE AND OTHER DUTIES.

13. Duties performed by members of the Brigade at public and private entertainments during the year totalled 472, com- prising altogether 3,344 hours.

FIRE INSPECTION WORK.

14. The following inspections were made by the Brigade and reported during the year:-

Theatres and Cinemas

268

Boarding Houses and Chinese Hotels

70

Factories

661

Garages

385

Licensed Premises (Liquor licences)

86

Restaurants

54

Timber Yards

29

Public Buildings

75

Inflammable Liquid Stores

318

Petrol Pumps

129

Kerosene Stores

1,037

Dangerous Goods Storages

421

Offensive Trades

13

Firework Storages

406

Neon Light Installations

Vernacular Schools

Dancing Halls and Academies

Fire Service Installations

47

81

7

333

Total

4,548

-K 38



The number of inspections carried out each month is shewn in Table IV.

15. Forty-seven private fire-hydrant services were installed in various premises during the year. There are now 183 such installations in the Colony. They were inspected and tested during the year.

16. Seven Automatic Sprinkler Installations were installed during the year: the largest being in the China Emporium (467 heads). There are now nine such installations in the Colony. The Brigade tests and reports on these installations twice a year.

17. 253 Chemical Fire Extinguishers located in various Government buildings were tested and recharged by the Brigade during the year.

18. The Fire Brigade took over the entire inspection and licensing of Dangerous Goods, with the exception of Explosives, from the Police Department early in the year.

In the course of the year all types of stores were standardized as far as possible. Kerosene stores were removed from inside of buildings to yards or open spaces thus con- siderably diminishing fire risk.

All dangerous goods stores in the Colony are

now dis- tinguished by licence plates fixed on the frontage of the build- ings in which the store is located. The total number of Licences in force at the end of the year was 982, fees $10,545.00.

19. Fifty-one prosecutions, resulting in fines amounting to $3,580.00 altogether, were undertaken by the Brigade during the year for contraventions of various Ordinances providing for safety against fires.

LEGISLATION.

20. Regulations, providing for better protection against fire, were promulgated during the year under the following Ordi-

nances:

No. 19 of 1912.-Advertisements. (Neon, etc., light

signs).

No. 26 of 1913.-Education.

(Schools).

No. 30 of 1915.-Asiatic Emigration. (Asiatic hotels).

No. 23 of 1917.-Boarding Houses.

No. 1 of 1873.-Dangerous Goods.

No. 25 of 1933.-Miscellaneous Licences. (Dancing

Halls and Academies).

- K 39

No. 14 of 1901.-Gunpowder and Fireworks.

No. 27 of 1932.-Factories and Workshops.

No. 1 of 1903.-Public Health and Building. (Eating

Houses).

AMBULANCE SERVICE.

21. The eight Motor Ambulances maintained by the Fire Brigade attended altogether 4,299 cases during the year and travelled 34,437 miles.

The undermentioned summary shews the number of cases attended and mileage during the past five years.

1933 1932. 1931. 1930. 1929.

No. of cases

attended...

4,299

4.418 3,872 3,709 3,289

Distance rua

(miles)...

34,437 31,635 | 26,111| 26,391 | 23,802

ANNUAL DISPLAY.

22. The Annual Display of the Brigade which included the finals of certain Competition Drills took place in the compound of No. 2 Police Station, Wanchai, on the 22nd November and was witnessed by H.E. the Governor and a large number of the public.

Hong Kong, 1st March, 1934.

E. D. C. WOLFE, Chief Officer, Fire Brigade.

HONG KONG

Central

Kennedy Town....... Wanchai....

Shaukiwan Gough Hill

KOWLOON:-

Tsim Sha Tsuï

Mong Kok.......... Un Long (N. T,) Yaumati..

Totals

f

2

ลง

2

11

Full Stations.

Table I.

. Stations and Plant, 31st December, 1933.

Stations.

Plant.

Sub-Stations.

312

Motor Fire

Tenders.

Motor Fire

Engines (pumps)

Motor Turntable

Ladders.

Motor Trailer

pumps.

Motor Fire

Cycles.

fire pump unit.

Motor chassis

with portable

Fire Escapes.

2

N

2

C

8

་་་

3

I

...

Fire Floats.

Motor

Ambulances.

- K 40

K 41-

Table II.

Summary of Estimated Monetary Loss by Fire for the year 1933.

Not Exceeding

Exceed-

Month

Under $500

ing

Total

$5,000

$750 $1,000 $2,500 $5,000

$

January..... 1,265

2,770 1,500 2,550

16,300

24,385

February... 811

1,210 3,920

15,300

21,241

March

632

95,000

95,632

April

1,182

:

1,700 2,600

5,482

May

411

1,000

1,411

June

440

1,050

:

1,490

July...

839

600

1,439

August

779

1,000

6,500 14,420

22,699

September..

1,145

3,500 3,100 22,240

29,985

October

495

:

6,400 6,000

12,895

November.. 640

3,000 3,000 8,720

15,360

December.. 674

965

82,065

83,704

Total... 9,313

600 5,735 18,360 27,670 254,045 $315,723

Table III.

SUMMARY OF MOST SERIOUS FIRES DURING YEAR 1933.

Fire extinguished by

Date

1933

Time of

Call

(Hours)

Address.

Business.

Hyd-

rants

Eng- Fire

ines Floats

Jan. 5

22.45 5 Canton Road,

Tsim Sha Tsui.

Dried Meat Merchant.

Feb. 18

23.41

43 Tung Street, Victoria.

Paint dealer.

Mar. 11

20.15 Powell's Building, Des Voeux Rd. C.

Share & General brokers.

6

Mar. 30

01.03 | 320, 322 & 324 Shanghai Tea House. Street, Yaumati.

2

Remarks.

K 42

A building of four floors about 50 x 20 ft. (used as shop, office, store and dwelling) ground and first floors and contents severely damaged by fire, heat, smoke and water.

A building of three floors about 40 x 15 ft. (used as shop and tenement dwelling) and contents severely damaged by fire, heat, smoke and water and part of roof off.

area

A building of two and three floors covering an of about 198 x 50 ft. (used as offices, workshop & godown) upper floor of two-storeyed portion and contents severely damaged by fire and roof oft, floor and contents damaged by water and dirt.

area

Three buildings each of four floors covering an of about 50 x 45 ft., upper floors and contents severely damaged by fire, heat, smoke and water. Shops and contents slightly by water, dirt and breakage (adjoining and com- municating).

Table III,-Continued.

SUMMARY OF MOST SERIOUS FIRES DURING YEAR 1933.

Fire Extinguished by

Time of

Date

1933

Call

Address.

Business.

(Hours)

Hyd-

Eng-

Fire

rants

ines

Floats

Aug. 10

01.43 393-395 Reclamation Street, Kowloon.

Gunny sack & rattan matting dealer.

ลง

Sept. 28 03.35 36 Eastern Street,

Wholesale Tea dealer.

1

2

1

Victoria.

Dec.

1

04.38 | 20 Tsung Sau Lane, West.

Chinese Medicine dealers.



Dec.

7

23.50 355 Queen's Road, Central.

Preserved meat

2

merchant.

1

Remarks.

Two buildings each of four floors covering an area of about 50 x 30 ft. (used as stores, workshops and dwellings) and contents severely damaged by fire, heat, smoke, water and breakage. (Adjoining and communicating).

A building of five floors about 35 x 14 ft. (used as shop, store and dwelling). Three upper floors and contents severely damaged by fire and part of roof off; floors and contents damaged by water, dirt and breakage.

A building of three floors, about 40 x 15 ft. (used as shops stores and dwelling. Second and first floors and contents slightly by water and dirt. (Adjoining and com- municating).

A building of four floors, about 45 x 15 ft. (used as shop, factory, meat-drying rooms and store) and contents destroyed by fire and collapse.

Year.

Appendix L.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISONS FOR THE YEAR 1933.

The number of prisoners received into prison during the year and the corresponding number for 1932 were as follows:

Convicted by Ordinary Courts Debtors

On remand or in default of finding

surety

Total

1932

6,361

1933 10,192

53

62

1,379

1,185

7,793

11,439

2. Thirty-four boys were admitted as Juveniles, i.e., under sixteen years of age, during the year with sentences varying from one day's detention to twelve months hard labour. Of this number thirty-two only were treated as Juvenile Offenders; the others in the opinions of the Superintendent and the Medical Officer, being over sixteen years of age.

3. The percentage of convicted prisoners admitted to prison with previous convictions recorded against them was 15.3 as compared with 19.9 for 1932.

4. 473 prisoners were convicted by Police Courts in the New Territories against 269 for the previous year.

5. The following table shows the number of convicts in custody on the 31st December for the past ten years, and the percentage of the total number of prisoners in custody to the estimated population of Hong Kong.

Estimated

population.

Number of

convicts.

Percentage

of

population.

Daily

average

number of

prisoners.

1924

799,550

345

*043

1,066

•133

1925

874,420

394

*045

1,116

•128

1926

786,920 409

*052

1,054

•134

1927

* 890,400

392

*044

1,189

*136

1928

*1,075,690

352

*033

1,071

*100

1929

*1,075,690 331

⚫031

1,075

•100

1930

*1,143,510

256

*022

1,175

•103

1931

† 849,751

202

*024

1.102

*130

1932

900,796 173

*019

1,114

•124

1933

922,643

162

•018

1,472

•160

*Probably overestimated.

Census of 1931.

Precentage

to

population.

L 2

VICTORIA GAOL (MALES).

6. 22,993,811 forms were printed and issued to various Government Departments and 122,901 books bound or repaired. as compared with 18,576,579 forms and 88,677 books in 1932. During the year type to the value of $350 was cast.

7. Other industries in the Prison included matmaking, tailoring, carpentering, tinsinithing, painting, laundering, shoe- making, netmaking and basketmaking, and the usual upkeep work of cooking; cleaning and minor building repairs.

8. The Gaol was again overcrowded.

9. The workshop accommodation is inadequate.

LAI CHI KOK PRISON (MALES).

10. Garden work continues to give useful employment. Other work done at Lai Chi Kok, apart from the esssential routine duties of cooking, cleaning, etc., included string and net making, basket and broom making and grass matmaking. Coir matmaking was successfully introduced in 1930 and the bulk of this work is now done at Lai Chi Kok.

11. There was no escape or attempt to escape.

12. Owing to a marked increase in prison population the building of a new Hall to accommodate if necessary 200 prison- ers, was approved.

FEMALE PRISON LAI CHI KOK.

13. This prison was also overcrowded. Although it was constructed to accommodate 120, (about double the daily average in custody in the old Female Prison) the number in the New Prison has frequently been over 200.

14. Female prisoners are employed chiefly on laundry work and mending. Weaving was introduced in March and satisfac- tory results have been obtained, but for want of accommodation the work can only be done on a small scale.

15. The Lady Visitors continue to attend regularly for in- structional purposes and their visits make a welcome and useful change to the monotony of imprisonment for the long sentence prisoners. Lady Sisters from the Italian Convent attend on Saturdays and Lady Visitors of the Church Missionary Society attend on Sundays to give religious addresses. Their minis-

trations are much appreciated. The administration would again like to express thanks to all these ladies for their valued services.

L 3

GENERAL.

16. 433 punishments were awarded for breaches of prison discipline as compared with 603 for the preceding year. Corporal punishment was inflicted in three cases for prison offences.

17. Thirty-eight prisoners were whipped by order of

courts.

18. There was a marked increase in the number of prisoners convicted in the New Territory Courts, see Paragraph 4.

19. Owing to overcrowding in the prisons 1,307 males were released before expiration of sentence. Although the Female Prison was also overcrowded it was not found necessary to re- lease any women prematurely.

20. The discipline in all three prisons was good.

21. The health of the prisoners generally was well main- tained.

22. The conduct of the officers was on the whole very good.

23. The general health of the Staff was good.

24. The site for the new prison at Stanley is in course of preparation.

25. Mr. F. A. Hopkins, Assistant Superintendent of Prisons, administered the Department from 11th March to 2nd November during my absence on leave.

J. W. FRANKS, Superintendent of Prisons.

L 4.

Table I.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE 1932 AND 1933.

Personal Emoluments*

1932

1933

453,659.74 460,958.95

Other Charges.

Arms and Ammunition

238.66

339.62

Conveyance Allowance to Superinten-

dent

600.00

600.00

Cleaning and Sanitary Materials

5,755.47

5,799.49

Clothing and Shoes for Staff

15,184.19

13,962.87

Clothing for Prisoners

12,995.90

17,116.83

Executioners Fees

Fuel

Furniture

Grants to Chaplains

150.00

50.00

41,508.18

39,694.48

795.32

786.00

1,200.00

1,200.00

Gratuities to Prisoners

1,135.00

692.00

Incidental Expenses

2,204.50 2,277.92

Light

11,170.53

10,637.35

Materials for Remunerative Industries.

5.880.32

5,471.56

Materials for Repairs and Renewals

9,631.80 9,401.75

Photography

1,923.66

2,319.01

Rations for Indian Warders

14,666.33

14,358.09

Rent of Quarters for European Warders

9,124.30

6,780.16

Rent of Quarters for Indian Warders...

6,310.00

9,200.00

Subsistence of Prisoners

161,670.90

208,006.50

Total Other Charges... 302,145.06 348,693.63

Special Expenditure.

Two Printing Machines Three Ruling Machines Crossley Chassis

Total Special Expenditure

Total Prison Department

30,764.40

10,142.59

3,313.71

44,220.70

780,111.08 853,873.28

– L 5.

Table II.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF REVENUE 1932 AND 1933.

Head of Revenue collected by Prison Department.

Fees of Court or Office.

Prisoners Subsistence

1932

1933

1.596.70

1,886.00

Prison Industries

7,693.04

7,282.70

Total

9,289.74

9,168.70

Table III.

Comparative Statement of Expenditure and Revenue of Prison Department for the last 10 years.

*Personal Emoluments and Other Charges

Special Ex- penditure

Total

Total Revenue including esti-

Expenditure mated value of

prison labour

1924 $375,158.14

$8,204.56

$383,362.70

$126,448.03

1925

460,813.31

2,013 73

462,827.04

126,623.61

1926

475,950.09

3,218.46

479,168.55

153,727.28

1927 500,203.68

636.90

500,840.58

160,417.44

1928 493,271.58

Nil

493,271.58

166,024.55

1929

514,267.37 7,264.36

521,531.73

179,307.54

1930 659,899.39 29,698.50 1931 791,012.42 1932 755,804.80 24,306.28 1933 809,652.58 44,220.70

689,592.89

144,550.53

Nil

791,012.42

170,339.01

780,111.08

207,085.54

853,878.28

217,492.17

*Includes officers of J. C. Service.

Table IV.

Return showing value of Industrial Labour for the year 1933.

1

2

Value of

Nature of

Industry.

stock on

hand

January 1st

1933.

Value of

materials

purchased.

Total Dr.

3

4

5

6

7

8

Value of

Value of

articles

manufactur- ed or work

done for

payment.

Value of

work

done for

stock on

hand

Value of

Earnings. Difference

Total Cr.

gaol or other

Departments.

December 31st, 1933.

between

columns

3 and 7.

C.

C.

C.

ԺԻ

C.

C.

$

C.

$

Coir,

Net-making,

3,339.68

479.00

4,280.20

360.30

7,619.88

839.30

2,609.44

3,169.50

4,201.50

9,980.44

2,360.56

469.65

165.90

458.75

1,094.30

255.00

Tailoring,

6,664.40

16,895.02

23,559.42

257.92

22,680.50

5,368.20

28,306.62

4,747.20

Rattan,

47.20

604.50

651.70

4.00

824.80

149.10

977.90

326.20

Tinsmithing,

104.80

1,807.61

1,912.41

47.16

4,380.35

215.40

4,642.91

2,730.50

Carpentering, Grass-matting, Shoemaking,

....

1,270.40

3,598.83

4,869.23

251.15

5,854.15

850.35

6,955.65

2,086.42

37.50

204.00

241.50

613,85

26.40

640.25

398.75

660.00

3,042.62

3,702.62

242.89

5,028.05

894.30

6,165.24

2,462.62

Laundry,

Printing and

Bookbinding,..

Photography,

....

Gardening,

Weaving

Total,......$

1,680.00

4,125.10

5,805.10

...

17,296.65

1,124.30

18,420.95

12,615.85

54,395.81

101,639.78

156,035.59

121.44

2,319.01

2,440.45

51.50

313.49

364.99

2,083.54

.60

954.67

287,282.58

55,109.00

344,475.12

188,439.53

2,778.71

41.50

2,815.81

375.36

36.20

990.87

625.88

271.80

271.80

125.20

214.90

340.10

68.30

68,851.73

139,462.26

208,813.99

6.921.02

350,195.24

68,689.90

425,806.16

217,492.17

Paid into Bank during 1933, which sum includes $491.48 for work executed in 1932, $7,282.70.

Value of work executed during 1933 for which payment was deferred to 1934, $129.80.

HONG KONG

MEDICAL & SANITARY

REPORT

FOR THE YEAR 1933

BY

A. R. WELLINGTON

Director of Medical and Sanitary Services.

SECTION.

M 3

INDEX.

CONTENTS.

Page

7

18

INTRODUCTION

I. ADMINISTRATION

II. PUBLIC HEALTH:

Part I.-Vital Statistics :-

(a) Population

(b) Births and Deaths Registration

(c) Birth Statistics

(d) Death Statistics

30

22 23

28

29

29

(e) Vital Statistics of European Civilian

Population

32.

Part II. Health Conditions:

(a) General remarks

33

(b) Mosquito-borne diseases

34

(i) Malaria

34

(ii) Dengue

36

(iii) Filariasis

36

(c) Infectious Diseases

36

(i) Tuberculosis

37

(ii) Leprosy

38

(iii) Plague

(iv) Small-pox

(v) Cholera

39

40

41

(vi) Diphtheria

(vii) Enteric

41

41

41

(viii) Celebro-spinal fever

III. HYGIENE AND SANITATION :

A. General Remarks-Administration

B. Preventive Measures against:-

(a) Insect-borne Diseases................! •••

42

43

SECTION.

-M4-

INDEX.

CONTENTS.

(b) Epidemic or acute infectious diseases:

(i) Plague

(ii) Small-pox ......

Page

45

45

(iii) Cholera, Dysentery, Enteric, etc.

46

(c) Tuberculosis.

46

(d) Helminthic Diseases

47

C. General Measures of Sanitation:-

(a) Domestic cleanliness

47

(b) Scavenging

48

(c) Conservancy and sewerage

(d) Drainage

48

(e) Water Supplies

(f) Clearance of bush and undergrowth.

(g) Sanitary inspections ...

49

49

(h) Common Lodging Houses -

49

D. School Hygiene

50

E. Labour Conditions

55

55

48

to to to to

48

F. Housing and Town Planning

G. Food in relation to Health and Diseases:

(a) Inspection, and control of food supplies

58

(b) Markets, Slaughter houses and Dairies (c) Deficiency diseases

888

58

58

(d) Measures taken to spread knowledge

of Hygiene and Sanitation

59

(e) Training of Sanitary Personnel

60

'TRATION :

IV. PORT HEALTH WORK AND

A. General

B. Quarantine

C. Emigration

ADMINIS-

61

62

62

D. Vaccination

....

63

E. Tables I, II, III, IV, V, VI

63

SECTION.

M 5

INDEX.

CONTENTS.

...

Page

V. MATERNITY AND CHILD WELFARE:

A. Maternity Hospital Accommodation

B. Midwives

C. Ante-natal and Infant Welfare Work

D. Government Infant Welfare Centre

E. Tung Wah Infant Welfare Centre

F. Tsan Yuk Infant Welfare Centre

G. Alice Memorial Infant Welfare Centre

VI. HOSPITALS, INSTITUTES, ETC.:-

A. Government Institutions:

Government Civil Hospital

Victoria Hospital .................

Kowloon Hospital

Venereal Diseases Clinics

X-Ray Department

Government Dispensaries

Government Infectious Diseases Hospital

B. Chinese Hospitals and Dispensaries:--

Tung Wah Hospital

...

Kwong Wah Hospital .....

66

67

68

68

2 2 2 8

88888

70

71

71

72

75

76

88 12 2 2

77

81

82

82

85

86

88 88 88 88

Tung Wah Eastern Hospital

Tung Wah Smallpox Hospital

89

Tsan Yuk Hospital

90

Wanchai or Eastern Maternity Hospital ...

91

Chinese Public Dispensaries (9 in all)

91

VII. PRISONS

95

VIII. METEOROLOGY

97

M 6

INDEX.

CONTENTS.

Page

SECTION.

IX. SCIENTIFIC:-

A. Bacteriological Institute

B. The Public Mortuaries:

99

(a) Public Mortuary, Victoria

100

101

(b) Public Mortuary, Kowloon

X. THE NEW TERRITORIES-PUBLIC

HEALTH AND SANITATION

APPENDIX A.-REPORT OF THE GOVERN-

MENT BACTERIOLOGIST....

APPENDIX B.-REPORT OF THE GOVERN-

MENT MALARIOLOGIST

102

122

137

APPENDIX C.-REPORT OF THE GOVERN-

MENT ANALYST

188

APPENDIX D.-REPORT ON THE UNIVERSITY

CLINICAL UNITS AT THE

GOVERNMENT CIVIL HOS-

PITAL

196

APPENDIX E.-GOVERNMENT

HOSPITALS~

RETURN OF DISEASES & DEATHS

200

APPENDIX G.-MORTUARIES

- RETURN OF

DISEASES

214

APPENDIX H.-REGISTRATION OF BIRTHS &

DEATHS

220

Appendix M.

ANNUAL MEDICAL REPORT FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31st DECEMBER, 1933.

INTRODUCTION.

Geographical Features.

In order to give a clear impression of the Public Health conditions obtaining in Hong Kong, it is necessary first to describe the situation of the Colony, its geographical features, its climate, the nature of the population, the housing conditions and the bearing old Chinese traditions, beliefs, and customs, have on the question of co-operation with the authorities in the promotion and preservation of the Public Health. It is also desirable to to indicate the various organisations which together make up the Public Health machinery.

2. The Territory under British jurisdiction includes the Colony Proper, namely, the Island of Hong Kong with the Peninsula of Kowloon, and the New Territories. In this Report the term Colony means the Colony Proper. The area of the Island is 32 square miles-that of Kowloon is 23rd. square miles while the New Territories have approximately 300 square miles.

3. Situated between 22°9′ and 22°37′ North Latitude the area under discussion is just within the northern limits of the tropics. It is in fact practically on the same level as Calcutta. It may be said to form the lower extremity of the left bank of the estuary of the Canton River, at the head of which is the City of Canton and on an island in which stands the Portuguese Colony of Macao.

The

4. Topographically the Island of Hong Kong and the Penin- sula of Kowloon may be described as a series of granite ridges separated by narrow valleys and having here and there flat areas facing the sea. The New Territory is of similar formation with some fairly wide valleys towards the north and west. features are such that flats suitable for town sites are few in number and limited in extent. In the Island the only level of any size is that on which the City of Victoria stands and this does not cover more than one square mile. With regard to Kow- loon, not more than one half is flat and convenient for street formation.

M 7

M 8

The Climate.

5. Situated just within the northern limits of the tropics and occupying an insular position immediately south of the great land mass of China, Hong Kong's climate is very materially influenced by the direction of the prevailing winds. The North East Mon- soon blows from November until April and during this period the weather is dry and cool and invigorating. From May until October, the season of the South West Monsoon, the air is highly charged with moisture and the climate is hot, muggy and enervat- ing. July, August, and September are marked by atmospheric disturbances which now and then culminate in typhoons or cyclones accompanied by blinding sheets of rain.

6. The mean annual temperature is 72°F. During the summer months the average temperature is 87°F, and there is little variation throughout the twenty-four hours. Situated on the north side of the Island the City of Victoria gets all the heat and moisture of the South West Monsoon but not the breeze, which is cut off by the mountains behind the town. During the winter months the range of temperature is from 70°F. to 45°F. with an average 66°F. necessitating for comfort the.wearing of warm clothes and the provision of fires in the houses. Frost is practically unknown.

7. The average yearly rainfall is 85.72 inches. As might be expected most of the rain falls in the summer months.

Population and its distribution.

8. Hong Kong which depends for its prosperity on its trade with China has three fourths of its population concentrated in the cities of Victoria and Kowloon which may justly be described as one city divided into two by the harbour. Outside this city there is little of commercial importance and Hong Kong as a Colony might almost be termed the city and port of Greater Hong Kong.

9. With regard to the numbers, except in census years, there are no accurate statistical figures, the great movement to and from the Colony and the facility with which the border is crossed preventing accurate checking. Hong Kong being the principal entrepot for South China and its harbour one of the busiest in the world, every day on an average 5,000 to 6,000 individuals pass to and from China by river steamer or by rail and there are others who arrive and depart by junks or smaller vessels. During times of political unrest in China

many thou sands from the mainland sojourn in the Colony, some of whom return to their homes when conditions are more settled, other remaining attracted by the opportunities offered for employment.

Σ

1

M 9-

10. The total civil population of the Colony is estimated to exceed 900,000, of which some 400,000 reside in the City of Victoria, 300,000 in the town of Kowloon, over 100,000 on boats in the waters of the Colony and the remainder in villages..

11. There are over 20,000 local boats registered at the Harbour Office, the occupants of each of which vary in number from four to forty according to the size and character of the craft. The Harbour Authorities believe the population to be 150,000 and certainly 100,000 cannot be an overestimate.

12. Of the total population over 97 per cent are Chinese. According to the Census Report one third of the whole were born in the Colony. The remainder are mostly those who have come from China attracted by the facilities offered for employment. Many return to their native towns or villages when too ill or too old for labour. Through this exodus the death rate in the Colony is considerably lower than it otherwise would be.

13. The masses are working people belonging to what is commonly described as the coolie class. The Chinese of the upper classes, many of whom have received a western education, are mostly engaged in commerce but there are among them a number of professional men including both lawyers and doctors.

Housing Conditions.

14. The town plans of Victoria and Kowloon are widely different: the former may be described as old-fashioned and irregular, the latter as modern and regular.

sea.

15. The site on which Victoria stands is a narrow strip of land 4 miles long by 1/5th. to 2/5ths. of a mile broad lying at the northern foot of the mountain and separating it from the The total area of available space is about one square mile or 1/32nd. of that of the whole island. Limited in front by the sea and behind by the steep slopes of the mountain there remains hardly an inch of space which has not been occupied for one purpose or another.

16. That portion of the town where the working classes reside and described in the Census Report as 'Health Districts 4, 5, 6, 6A, 7, 7A, 8 (restricted), 9, and 10A (restricted), forming the lower part of the town fronting on Victoria Harbour' has an area of roughly 200 acres and in this space nearly 200,000 individuals find accommodation giving a density of approximately 1,000

per acre.

17. The conformation of the site with its rapid rise of land near the sea-shore led in the early days to the erection of houses on the narrow strip of land near the harbour and extending a little way up the lower slopes of the mountain the houses being

M 10

separated by narrow lanes and alleyways. When the population was small and the houses only one and two stories in height, the situation was not unsatisfactory. As the population increased the houses were heightened to four and five stories without any corresponding widening of the spaces separating them.

18. Year by year the population continued to increase. immigration being accelerated by unrest in China. Victoria was the centre of trade and therefore the centre of attraction. There was little room to build further accommodation and the new- comers had to squeeze into the already overcrowded premises. Rooms were divided into cubicles which to a certain extent provided privacy but which interfered both with lighting and ventilation.

19. In some houses there are tiers of bunks placed against the walls, in others the rooms are divided into cubicles or cabins each measuring perhaps eight feet by eight feet and having partitions 6 feet in height. These cabins are not the temporary abodes of persons on a voyage but the more or less permanent homes of the people. There is little or no room for kitchens, and latrine accommodation is often limited to pail closets on the roofs of the buildings.

20. Year by year the Sanitary Department and the Building Authority have made efforts to improve the situation and with a considerable amount of success both as regards palliative and radical treatment. The task almost sisyphean in itself was rendered more difficult by paucity of water and by opposition put forward both by property owners and the occupiers.

21. It goes without saying that the maintenance of a satis- factory standard of sanitation under such conditions is a most difficult problem and one which cannot be solved without the willing co-operation of the people. One thing is certain, so long as buildings are overcrowded and insanitary, no amount of external sanitation will give immunity from disease.

22. Within the last few years some 70 acres have been added to the eastern section of the town by reclamation from the sea. This locality which is known as the Praya East Reclamation has been laid out in accordance with modern town planning princi- ples, with wide streets, short lots and back-lanes. The greater part of it is now covered with dwelling houses which satisfy sanitary requirements. The density here is not more than 300 per acre.

23. Kowloon which is a comparatively new city has been town-planned on up-to-date lines with straight broad streets and back lanes. During the intercensus period 1921-1931 it increased in population 113.06 per cent. It is still rapidly growing and in a few years will equal Victoria or even exceed it. According to the census the density of population is 300 per acre.

M 11

Influence of traditional beliefs.

24. The traditional beliefs of the uneducated Chinese as to the cause of diseases, the means of spread and the factors which affect its course are so at variance with modern teaching that there is little chance of promoting voluntary co-operation between. them and the authorities in the matter of the prevention and control of disease until they can be brought to understand the true nature of the problems and are conscious of the usefulness of the measures advocated. The proximity of China and the con- stant intercourse make it harder to overcome prejudices than is the case in countries further afield. The greatest hope lies in propaganda and education brought to the homes through public health nurses working as district visitors or in infant welfare centres and school welfare centres.

Propaganda which does not arouse the interest of the mother and her children has little practical value. However, leaders of opinion in China and leaders of Chinese thought in Hong Kong are making vigorous efforts to promote public health and public welfare along lines which have proved successful in the Occident, and the outlook is far more hopeful than was the case a few years ago when Chinese thought on matters of health was unduly swayed by old traditions and theories.

Quarantine impractical between Hong Kong and the River Ports.

25. So closely related are Hong Kong, Canton, Macao and the River Ports, in the matter of trade, and such is the amount of traffic both human and goods which passes between them that up to date it has been found impossible to devise any system of quarantine which would effectually safeguard one city against introduction of disease from the other and at the same time pre- serve that freedom of commercial movements on which these cities depend for prosperity. It has been deemed best to treat them as forming one unit, as suburbs the one of the other, and to strive for a working agreement between the various health organisations to the end that some means, other than imposing restrictions against a whole port, may be found to prevent the spread of infection.

The Government Organisation for the promotion and maintenance of the Public Health.

26. The Colony has no municipality' in the ordinary accept- ed sense of the term, the Governor himself being head of the city and head of the port. The functions of a Municipal Council are included in the functions of the Legislative Council. The Colonial Heads of Department perform the duties which in a municipality would be performed by Municipal Heads of De- partment.

M 12

27. The Director of Medical and Sanitary Services is the official adviser to Government on all medical and sanitary matters and is the Officer responsible to Government for the Public Health of the Colony. Under his direction come the Government Hospital Organisation, the Inspection of Chinese Hospitals and Chinese Dispensaries, the Medical Inspection of Schools, the Bacteriological Institute, the Analytical Laboratory, Anti-malarial Activities, Vaccination, Quarantine and Port Health Work, Social Hygiene Work, Maternity and Child Welfare Work, and the Registration of Births and Deaths.

28. The Sanitary Department which is distinct from and independent of the Medical Department has at its head a layman, an officer of the Cadet Service. This Department does the work usually performed by the Health Department of a Municipality and in addition deals with all matters connected with scavenging and conservancy. Attached to this department are Medical Officers of Health who are seconded from the Medical Depart- ment, two Veterinary Surgeons and fifty-six European Sanitary Inspectors.

29. There is a Sanitary Board composed of officials and non-officials whose powers and responsibilities are laid down in the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance 1903 and which acts as an advisory body to the Head of the Sanitary Department who is ex-officio chairman of the Board. The Board has no direct control over the Department. The functions and powers of the Board and the Department are limited to the Colony and to that portion of the New Territories adjacent to Kowloon which is known as New Kowloon.

30. The present machinery for the promotion of the Public Health is complex in that responsibility for the organisation of energy both for the cure and the prevention of disease is divided among a number of units, governmental and non-governmental, which operate more or less independently of one another.

Public Health Laws and their administration.

31. The principal Ordinances which have effect in matters of Hygiene and Sanitation are:—

I. The Public Health and Buildings Ordinance which resem- bles the English Public Health Act of 1875 and which deals with Infectious Diseases of Humans and of Animals, the wholesome- ness of foods for human consumption, abattoirs, markets, dairies, food factories and food shops, nuisances, scavenging and clean- sing, drainage, sewerage and sewage disposal, latrines, urinals and water closets, factories, workshops, laundries and offensive trades, buildings, their siting, design and construction, wells and pools.

M 13

II. The Waterworks Ordinance.

III. The Sale of Food and Drugs Ordinance.

IV. The Births and Deaths Registration Ordinance.

V. The Boarding House Ordinance.

VI. The Factories and Workshops Ordinance.

VII. The Summary Offences Ordinance.

32. The Public Works Department is the Authority under the Waterworks Ordinance. The Sanitary Department is respon- sible for the carrying out of the provisions of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance except in so far as it refers to buildings, drainage and sewerage, wells and pools, which are dealt with by the Public Works Department. The Sanitary Department also deals with the Sale of Food and Drugs Ordinance. The Boarding House Ordinance, which controls lodging houses, boarding houses and hotels, and the Factory and Workshops Ordinance are under the authority of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. The Births and Deaths Registration Ordinance is administered by the Medi- cal Department. The Summary Offences Ordinance is the con- cern of the Police.

*

Transport of the Sick.

33. Motor Ambulances, garaged at the Fire Station, are controlled by the Police and Fire Department. Hand Ambulances are operated by the Sanitary Department. The Tung Wah Hospital and the Tung Wah Eastern Hospital each has a motor ambulance of its own and so has the St. John Ambulance Brigade.

Medical Relief.

34. Provision of medical relief is furnished by the Govern- ment, by Chinese Benevolent Institutions and by Christian Missions.

M 14

35. The following table shows the principal institutions affording medical relief to the civil population:-

Accommo- dation.

Authority in Control.

Government Institutions :-

Government Civil Hospital

246 beds

Medical Department.

Victoria Hospital

74

do.

""

Kowloon Hospital

Infectious Diseases Hospital

Gaol Hospital

Taipo Dispensary

Un Long Dispensary

Wanchai Maternity & In-

fant Welfare Centre

V. D. Clinic-Kowloon

Chinese Benevolent

Institutions :-

The Tung Wah Hospital ... The Tung Wah Eastern

Hospital

The Kwong Wah Hospital

| 84

do.

& & cots.

26 beds.

do.

30

do.

do.

do.

do.

do.

438 beds. Chinese Committee.

260

do.

325

do.

The Tung Wah Infectious

Diseases Hospital

60

do.

The Tsan Yuk Maternity

Hospital

57

Special Chinese Committee.

The Chinese Eastern Mat-

ernity Hospital

31

do.

The Chinese Public Dispen-

saries (9 in number)

do.

for each.

Mission Hospitals and War Memorial Nursing Home :—

Alice Memorial & Affiliated

Hospitals ..

126 beds.

The French Hospital.

Matilda Hospital

The Italian Hospital.

War Memorial Nursing

50

110

18

35

Home

50

London Missionary Society.

Special Committee. French Mission. Canossian Mission.

Special Committee.

L

- M 15

Non-Government Organisations engaged in

Public Health Works.

36. In addition to the Government organisation there are in the Colony a number of Benevolent Societies and Associations whose activities in the cause of public health are of great benefit to the community. The chief among these are:-the Tung Wah Hospital Charity, the Chinese Public Dispensaries, the various Missionary Societies, the Society for the Protection of Children, the St. John Ambulance Association, the St. John Ambulance Brigade, the Y.W.C.A. and the Y.M.C.A.

37. A description of the Tung Wah Hospital and the Chinese Public Dispensaries will be found in the body of the report.

38. The St. John Ambulance Association teaches first aid and home nursing and issues certificates after examination to suc- cessful candidates. Many hundreds of certificates have been issued.

39. The St. John Ambulance Brigade which is distinct from the Association is a body which practices in the field the theory taught by the latter. The Brigade which holds a strong position in the Colony does excellent work both in the training of personnel and in the performance of first aid duties. In the New Terri- tories it has established a number of medical centres staffed by full-time nurses. The Brigade renders valuable assistance to the Government especially with regard to vaccination and propaganda.

Medical Education.

40. The Faculty of Medicine of the University of Hong Kong provides a six years' course in premedical and medical sciences leading to the degrees of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery which are awarded on examination. Most of the clinical teaching is carried out at the Government Civil Hospital where 100 beds have been placed under the care of the professors of surgery, medicine and obstetrics who have been appointed res- pectively Surgeon, Physician and Obstetric Physician to the Hospital. The degrees of the Medical Faculty are recognised by the General Medical Council for registration in Great Britain.

41. Courses of training for nurses and midwives have been established at a number of hospitals in the Colony. Examina- tions are held and certificates issued by the Midwives Examina- tion Board and by the Nurses Examination Board.

M 16

Progress with regard to Reorganisation and Expansion.

42. During the year legislation prepared on the lines re- commended in the reorganisation report was completed and at the end of September a series of six Bills of Ordinances showing in detail the nature of the legislation proposed were submitted to Government. These Ordinances are intended to replace not only the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance 1903 but also the Sale of Food and Drugs Ordinance 1896 and portions of the Merchant Shipping Ordinance 1899.

43. The low value of the dollar and the trade slump continued to retard progress in reorganisation and expansion. The erection. of a new infectious diseases hospital and a new mental hospital had to be postponed and it was found impossible to include in the Estimates provision for a Senior Health Officer, an Ophthalmo- logist, or a Dentist.

44. However in spite of the severe financial handicap sub- stantial advancements were made in a number of directions in the Island of Hong Kong, the Kowloon Peninsula and the New Territories. The following are the most noteworthy.

45. Staff increase.-The staff of Chinese Medical Officers was increased by three.

46. New Government Civil Hospital.-Work was commenced on a 500 bed hospital to take the place of the present Government Civil Hospital.

47. Western District Health Centre.-A site was acquired in the crowded western district of Victoria, and near the Univer- sity, for the construction of a model health centre where medical students will have an opportunity of studying the practice of modern health activities.

48. Eastern District Health Centre.-An offer by certain Chinese gentlemen to provide funds for the erection of a general health centre in the Wanchai District of Victoria was accepted. The building when completed will be taken over and run by the Government Medical Department.

49. Kowloon Hospital Extension.-During the year there were under construction:

(a) a general block of two wards having a total accommoda-

tion of 48 beds.

(b) a nurses hostel.

(c) a set of quarters for a Medical Officer.

M 17

Money was voted for the erection of a new out-patients block but owing to pressure of work the P.W.D. were unable to make a start during the year.

50. Kowloon Venereal Diseases Centre. This centre which was completed early in the year was opened on the 18th of April for the free treatment of venereal diseases. The centre is situated within a convenient distance of the docks.

51. Expansions in the New Territory.

(a) The Lady Ho Tung Welfare Centre was completed in

November.

(b) The Ruttonjee Dispensary at Sham Tseng was completed

in December.

(c) The Un Long Dispensary was moved to new premises and a Resident Chinese Medical Officer placed in charge.

(d) The Tai Fo Dispensary was moved to larger premises.

(e) At the Shing Mun Dam Water Works where 1,000 labourers are employed a Medical Unit was established and a small hospital erected. Antimalarial works were carried out.

52. Dispensary Launch approved.-In August a dispatch was received from the Secretary of State sanctioning the building of a sea-going dispensary launch to give medical assistance to the 100,000 who live on boats in the waters of the Colony and to those resident in villages only readily accessible by boat.

- M 18

SECTION I.

ADMINISTRATION.

53. The total authorised establishment of the Medical Department for the year 1933 was as follows:—

Administrative Staff.

1

The Director of Medical and Sanitary Services......... Deputy Director of Medical and Sanitary Services... 1

Secretary

Stenographers.

Accountant

Clerks Class II

''

III

IV

V

VI

Special

Clerical Staff.

1

2

1

1

4

1

6

10

1

Bacteriologist

INVESTIGATIVE DIVISION.

A. Bacteriological Institute.

Assistant Bacteriologist

L

1

1

Laboratory Assistant Class I...

1

Laboratory Assistant Class VI.....

4

B. Malaria Bureau.

Malariologist

1

Assistant to the Malariologist

1

Malaria Inspectors

4

Malaria Inspector (Probationer)

1

Division of Chemical Analysts.

Government Analyst

Assistant Analysts

Class II Assistant Analysts

Sampler

1

3

2

1

M 19

HEALTH DIVISION.

For duty in connection with the Sanitary Department.

Health Officers.....

(one post vacant)

Chinese Health Officer

Port Health Branch.

Port Health Officers & Inspectors of Emmigrants ... Chinese Port Health Officers..

Health Inspector....

Public Vaccinators

Venereal Diseases Branch.

Venereal Diseases Officer

Chinese Venereal Diseases Officer.

Venereal Diseases Technical Assistant

Maternity and Child Welfare Branch.

Lady Medical Officer

Infant Welfare Nurse

Interpreter

School Hygiene Branch.

Medical Officer for Schools...

Chinese Medical Officers for Schools

School Nurses

Chinese Hospitals and Dispensaries Branch.

3

1

N N

2

2

1

12

1

1

·1

1

1

1

1 2 3

3

Visiting Medical Officer

Asst. Visiting Medical Officer

Chinese Resident Medical Officers

Chinese Lady Medical Officers

Stenographer

1

1

3

3

1

Midwives

3

MEDICAL DIVISION.

Clinical Branch.

Government Consultants

Senior Medical Officer..

Medical Officers

Chinese Medical Officers

House Officers

Co

1

7

1

M 20

Nursing Staff (General).

Principal Matron.....

Matrons

Home Sister..

Tutor Sister

Nursing Sisters

Nurses (Staff)

Nurses (Probationers)

Dressers

Dressers (Probationers)

Linen Maid

Nursing Staff (Mental Hospital).

Head Attendant

Assistant Attendant

Female Attendants

1

3

1

1

44

2

40

6

12

1

1

1

2

Stewards.

Steward

1

Assistant Steward..

1

Pharmacy Branch.

Apothecary

Assistant Apothecaries

Dispensers (Charge)...

Dispensers (Probationers)

1 2 10 10

5

5

Radiology Branch.

Radiologist

1

Radiographer

1

Masseuses

2

X-Ray Sister.....

1

New Territories Branch.

Medical Officer

1

Chinese Medical Officers

2

Dresser (Staff)

Midwives

5

Dresser (Staff) for Travelling Dispensary Driver

1

1

Miscellaneous.

Office Attendants, Messengers, Ward-boys, Amahs,

Coolies, etc.,

...318

M 21

PRINCIPAL CHANGES IN PERSONNEL.

54. The following were the principal changes which took place during the year:-

Dr. W. B. A. Moore returned from leave on the 11th January and resumed duty as Deputy Director of Medical and Sanitary Services. Dr. D. J. Valentine, who had been acting as D.D.M.S.S. during Dr. Moore's absence, left the Colony on long leave on the 8th of April.

APPOINTMENTS.

Name of Officer.

Designation.

Date of assumption of duty.

Dr. G. M. Gray

Health Officer

23.2.33.

Dr. (Mrs.) A. L. J. Dovey Asst. Visiting M.O.

1.4.33.

Chinese Hospitals and

Dispensaries

Dr. Cheung Kung Leung

Chinese V.D. Officer

1.1.33.

Dr. Wong Hok Nin

Chinese M.O. for Schools

do.

Dr. (Miss) Cheng Sui Yu Chinese L.M.O.

3.1.33.

Dr. Lam Chi Wie

Dr. Lam Shiu Kwong

Dr. Yu Chiu Kwong

Chinese M.O.

Do.

Do.

15.3.33.

15.5.33.

1.8.33.

PROMOTION.

Mr. V. C. Branson, Assistant Government Analyst, was appointed Government Analyst dating from 1st September, 1932.

RESIGNATIONS OR RETIREMENTS.

Name of Officer.

Designation.

Date of Resigna- tion or retirement.

Dr. (Mrs.) A. R. S. D.

McElney

Asst. V.M.O.C.H. & D.

31.3.33.

Dr. (Mrs.) E. M. Minett M.O. for Schools

9.8.33.

M 22

OFFICERS ON VACATION LEAVE IN EUROPE.

Name of Officer.

Designation.

Date of Date of Departure. Return.

Dr. W. B. A. Moore D.D.M.S.S.

Dr. D. J. Valentine, Medical Officer

M.C.

8.4.33.

11.1.33.

Dr. J. P. Fehily

Port H.O.

Dr. F. J. Farr

Dr. K. C. Yeo

Miss A. E. Girling

Miss Chettle

Miss Maclaren

Radiologist

Asst. M.0.H.

Principal Matron

Matron, Victoria

Hospital Home Sister,

G.C.H.

24.3.33. 24.11.33.

31.12.32. 28.12.33.

1.8.33. 23.11.33.

10.5.33 on retirement

4.5.33

3.3.33. 11.12.33.

List of ORDINANCES AFFECTING THE PUBLIC HEALTH

ENACTED DURING THE YEAR.

55. The Ordinances affecting the public health which were enacted during the year were:—

No. 7-New Territories Regulation Amendment Ordinance.

No. 16-Opium Amendment Ordinance.

No. 22-Juvenile Offenders Amendment Ordinance.

No. 25-Miscellaneous Licences Ordinance-relating to Hawkers, Massage Establishments and Undertakers.

56.

EXPENDITURE FOR 1933 & 1932 COMPARED.

1933

1932

Personal Emoluments

$1,008,860.62

$941,117.07

OTHER CHARGES.

A.-Staff.

Conveyance and Motor Allowances

13,219.62

12,388.00

---

- M 23 -

B.-General.

1933

1932

Artificial Limbs

30.00

12.66

Bedding and clothing

12,963.08

12,183.44

Board for 4 House Officers

1,460.00

1,089.00

Board and Lodging for 6 Pupil

Midwives

576.00

576.00

Books

415.33

363.91

Bonuses to Dispensary Licentiates

and Clerks for vaccination of

children and registration of births

4,277.20

3,466.20

Cleansing Materials

5,537.45

5,566.14

Dental and other Special Treat-

ment

3,093.50

3,118.50

Expenses of Courses of Study &

attendance at Medical Con-

gresses

1,895.02

2,180.54

Fuel and Light

54,272.33

53,649.81

Grants to Protestant and Roman

Catholic Chaplains for Re-

ligious Services

1,800.00

1.800.00

Incidental Expenses

2,565.27

2,685.99

Maintenance of lunatics at Canton

7,722.16

5,749.93

Medical Comforts

603.20

664.23

Medicines, Surgical Appliances

and Instruments

72,549.17

53,837.72

Provisions for Patients

144,370.88

147,850.10

Rent of Premises for Dispensaries,

and Infant Welfare Centre...

3,479.35

2,616.00

Transport

1,188.70

1,073.08

Upkeep of Hospital Equipment,

etc.

12,428.42

11,676.50

Upkeep of X-Ray Apparatus

11,746.81

11,840.18

Upkeep of Travelling Dispensary.

2,366.31

726.50

Ventilation of Operating Theatre.

419.60

47.85

Washing

17,462.03

15,910.78

Treatment of Opium Addicts

560.50

M 24

C.-Port Health Officer's Office.

1933

1932

Conveyance Allowances

179.03

324.85

Incidental Expenses, etc.

399.81

398.97

Uniforms

166.89

186.29

D.-Bacteriological Institute.

Animals and Fodder

6,389.90

6,188.86

Anti-rabic work

373.19

425.15

Apparatus and Chemicals.

1,338.37

1,458.85

Books and Journals

86.20

98.36

Conveyance Allowances

343.71

233.50

Fuel and Light

1,540.28

1,722.51

Incidental Expenses

720.40

788.60

1

Preparation of Vaccines, Serum,

etc.

1,571.10

1,682.76

Uniforms

240.83

468.91

E.-Mortuaries, Victoria and Kowloon.

Conveyance Allowance

Fuel and Light

Uniforms

18.00

18.00

81.33

74.96

94.50

116.26

F.-Malaria Bureau.

Anti-Malarial Field Work............

1,136.84

1,036.94

Conveyance and Motor Allowances

1,379.42

1,506.15

Equipment

1,392.27

1,631.97

Incidental Expenses

290.91

295.22

Uniforms

644.81

509.59

G.-Analytical Laboratory.

Apparatus and Chemicals

3,991.84

3,641.79

Books and Journals

161.69

184.38

Conveyance Allowance

Fuel and Light

Incidental Expenses

180.00

287.74

807.11

707.19

381.17

242.40

133.25

154.96

Uniforms

Total Personal Emoluments and

>

Other Charges:--

$1,409,905.40 $1,316,575.34

M 25

SPECIAL EXPENDITURE.

1933

1932

Electric Centrifuge..

$1,167.94

Electric Refrigerators

870.30

Microscope for Bacteriological

Institute

689.56

Microscope for Training Asiatic

Sanitary Inspectors

940.00

Microscope for Venereal Diseases

Clinic

702.40

Repair and Calibration of Instru-

}

Travelling Dispensary

ments, Analytical Laboratory.

Equipment for Venereal Diseases

Clinic

676.29

1,912.39

3,906.51

Total Special Expenditure:

$4,176.19

$6,689.20

Total Medical Department: $1,414,081.59 $1,323,264.54

57.

REVENUE FOR 1933 andD 1932 COMPARED.

Medical Treatment

94,220.96

105,040.87

Miscellaneous

1,180.00

150.00

Bacteriological Examination

9,346.70

14,840.60

Chemical Analyses

43,107.50

30,714.00

Bills of Health

11,070.00

11,508.00

Medical Examination of Emmig.

rants

89,531.70

86,680.00

Official Certificates

2,775.00

665.00

Births and Deaths Registration

9,097.48

7,275.50

Consultants Fees

5,530.00

3,290.00

Total:

$265,859.34

$260,163.97

M 26

58. EXPENDITURE AND REVENUE MEDICAL DEPARTMENT

FOR THE PAST TEN YEARS.

Personal Emoluments

Year,

& Other Charges.

Special Expenditure.

Total Expenditure.

Total Revenue.

1924..

498,362.56

4,520.33

502,882.89

205,598.37

1925..

548,703.64

75,537.46

624,241.10

194,547.75

1926

701,717.93

34,451.05

736,168.98 255,070.19

1927.

721,623.32

16,409.47

738,032.79

307,744.48

1928.....

808,412.61

23.37

808,435.98

306,347.62

1929........

1932...

1933.......

878,058.19

1930......... 1,172,791.22

1931......... 1,325,353.30

1,316,575.34

1,409,905.40

17,061.08

895,119.27

299,524.51

51,305.06

52,697.76 1,378,051.06

6,689.20 1,323,264.54 260,164.87

1,224,096.28 267,887.66

243,256.99

4,176.19 1,414,081.59 265,859.34

Total

$9,381,503.51 $262,870.97 $9,644,374.48 $2,606,001.78

59. In drawing comparisons between the expenditure and revenue of different years it should not be forgotten that the Hong Kong dollar is based on silver and its value rises and falls with the price of that metal. Most of the European officers draw sterling salaries and the bulk of the drugs, dressings and instru- ments are obtained from England and paid for in sterling. With the exchange at a shilling, the number of dollars expended on sterling priced material is double what it would have been had the exchange been two shillings to the dollar.

RATIO OF EXPENDITURE ON MEDICAL AND SANITARY SERVICES TO TOTAL REVENUE FROM ALL SOURCES.

60. The total revenue of the Colony from all sources was estimated at $33.027.000.00.

M 27

61. Because of the overlapping which occurs when a work serves both a utilitarian and a sanitary service it is impossible to assess exactly the amounts which have been spent for purely medical and sanitary purposes. Including all water works and drainage works as sanitary works, the following (which include the salaries of the P.W.D. staff concerned) shows the commit- ments as laid down in the Estimates for 1933.

Expenditure by Medical Department.....

$1,414,081.59

Sanitary Department

1,114,897.00

22

Public Works Department

2,400,000.00

Police Department

2,600.00

Subsidies to Charities

182,510.00

21

Total:

$5,114,088.00

62. Ratio of expenditure on Medical and Sanitary Services to total revenue = 5,114,088.00-15.48 per cent.

33,027,000.00

63. If the expenditure on Water Works be not taken into account the ratio is 11.81 per cent. As explained in paragraph 61 above these figures are approximate only.

...

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SECTION II.

PUBLIC HEALTH.

PART I.-VITAL STATISTICS.

Civil Population.

64. The estimated civil population for the whole of the territories under British jurisdiction at the middle of the year was 922,643, of which 902,197 or 97.3 per cent was Chinese and 20,446 or 2.22 per cent non-Chinese. The distribution was as follows:

Urban area of Victoria :-

Europeans and Americans

4,080

Other non-Chinese races

Chinese

5,600

368,739

378,419

Villages of Hong Kong:-

Europeans and Americans

320

Other non-Chinese races

107

Chinese

45,286

45,713

424,132

Total for Hong Kong Island.

Urban Area of Kowloon including New Kowloon :

Europeans and Americans.

4,590

Other non-Chinese races

5,727

Chinese

286,896

Total for Kowloon & New Kowloon....

297,213

Junks and Sampans:

Chinese

100,000

New Territories exclusive of New Kowloon :·

Europeans and Americans

Chinese

Total civil population

22

101,276

101,298

922,643

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65. During the year 2,290,700 persons entered and 2,299,313 left the Colony by river steamer and by railroad, making a surplus of emigrants over immigrants by these routes of 8,613. Fuller details are as follows:-

Arrived.

Departed.

River steamer

1,323,020

1,361,574

Railway

967,680

937,739

Ocean going steamers

496,736

413,076

Total

2,787,436

2,712,389

The above does not represent the total movement between Hong Kong and the neighbouring provinces for there are many who arrive and depart by junk or sampan. It is estimated that on an average some 7,000 arrive and 7,000 depart daily.

Births and Deaths Registration.

66. The Registration of Births and Deaths Ordinance has since 1911 applied to the whole territory under British jurisdiction but until last year no action was taken to enforce it in the New Territories where registration of both births and deaths had been the exception rather than the rule. Registration in the New Territories has steadily increased and in 1934 should be sufficiently complete for the calculation of rates.

67. Death registration in the Colony Proper being a necessary preliminary to a permit to bury, it may be taken for granted that practically all deaths are registered. Bodies found dumped or abandoned in the streets and open spaces, and they are not a few, are taken to the Public Mortuaries where they are ex- anined by the Medical Officer who fills in the necessary certifi- cates which go through the Coroners' hands to the Registrar. All certificates of deaths are scrutinized by the Medical Officer of Health.

68. It has been found very difficult to obtain anything like complete registration of births and a considerable number of births, especially those of females, are never reported. Every facility is offered for registration, and the Chinese are more and more coming to realise its benefits.

Births.

69. The births registered as having occurred in the Colony Proper were:

Chinese

Non-Chinese

Total

14,909

453

15,362

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Deaths.

70. The deaths registered among the civilian population of the Colony (including New Kowloon but excluding the re- mainder of the New Territories) was 18,161, giving a crude death rate of 22.11 as compared with 24.74 for the previous year.

71.

Estimated

Year

Deaths

Death rate per

population

mille population

1933

Chinese

17,928

800,921

22.38

Non-Chinese

233

20,421

11.39

1932

Chinese

19,546

781,036

25.02

Non-Chinese

283

19,984

14.16

72. The principal diseases causing deaths were:

Disease.

Percent-

No. of deaths.

age of

Death rate

total

deaths.

per mille population.

1933 1932

Broncho-pneumonia

2,955

16.27

3.60

3.23

Pulmonary tuberculosis...

2,225

12 25

2.71

2.52

Pneumonia

761

4.19

0.93

2.38

Bronchitis

1,567

8.62

1.98

2.59

Diarrhoea (infantile)

1,377

7.58

1.68

1.60

Diarrhoea (over one year).

830

4 57

1.02

1.40

Dysentery

186

1.02

0.23

0 36

Nephritis

591

3.25

0.72

0.89

Heart disease

heart

failure

600

3.30

073

0 66

Beri-beri

463

2.55

0.56

0.59

Malaria

414

2.28

0.50

0.56

Notifiable Diseases :-

Smallpox.

433

2.38

0.53

0.21

Enteric

64

0.35

0.08

0.10

Diphtheria

81

0.44

0.10

0.10

Cerebro-spinal

meningitis

118

0.65

0.14

0.15

Cholera

0.19

Plague....

16.27%

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73. Death Clock showing percentage of total deaths caused by different diseases:

4.19%

8.62%

12.25%

PULMONARY

TUBERCULOSIS

LOBAR PNEUMONIA

BRONCHITIS

4.57%

DIARRHOEA

(OVER ONE YEAR)

DISEASES

DIARRHOEA (INFANTILE)

DYSENTERY

7.58%

BERI BERI

BRONCHO- PNEUMONIA

RESPIRATORY

HEART

MALARIA

DISEASE

NEPHRITIS

1-02 2·55% 2·28% 3·30% 3·25%

OTHER DISEASES

34.12%



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INFANTILE MORTALITY.

74. The numbers of deaths of infants under one year were:

Chinese

Non-Chinese

6,782

40

If the figures for the Chinese births registered represented the total births, which they do not, the infantile mortality rate for this race would be 454.89 as compared with 525.28, which was the equally incorrect rate for the previous year. Allowing that only one third of the births are registered this would still mean a very high infantile mortality figure.

The mortality rate among the non-Chinese was 88.30 as compared with 97.93 in 1931.

THE DUMPING OF THE DEAD.

75. The following table shows the number of unknown dead bodies found by the Police in the streets and elsewhere during the last five years:

1929 1930 1931 1932

1933

Victoria

706

418

366

382

357

Kowloon

1,072

669

738

884

881

Harbour

164

126

115

79

47

Elsewhere

91

103

76

82

62

2,033

1,316 1,295

1,427

1,347

98 per cent of the bodies dumped were children the majority being infants. The number of males exceeded that of females.

Vital Statistics of European Civilian Population.

76. The Europeans and Americans resident in the Colony are estimated to number 9,012, of whom 6,964 were British. The majority of Europeans and Americans are treated by private practitioners when ill, and figures are not available for calculating incidence rates.

There were 133 deaths among the 9,012, giving a death rate of 14.7 per mille.

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VITAL STATISTICS OF EUROPEAN OFFICIALS.

77. Number of Europeans (excluding temporary school

mistresses)

Average number resident in the Colony

Number invalided during 1933:-

(a) when on leave at home

(b) in the Colony

Number died during 1933 :-

(a) in the Colony

(b) when on leave at home

N

5

1

6

PART II. HEALTH CONDITIONS.

General Remarks.

78. In the absence of some system of registration of sickness the only sources of information available are the death returns, the returns of notifiable diseases, and the figures furnished by the Government Hospitals and the Western clinics of the Chinese Hospitals. The number of deaths recorded indicates very correct- ly the deaths which have taken place in the Colony but the figures regarding general diseases are only a fraction of the whole and too much importance should not be placed on deductions made from them. Though the educated Chinese appreciate the value of Western medicine the bulk of the population still pin their faith to the old fashioned Chinese decoctions and, when ill, seek advice from one or other of the many empiricists or herbalists who prac- tise in the Colony. A number of those who enter the Govern- ment Hospitals do so only after they have made full trial of Chinese Medicines and when their disease is well advanced.

79. Year by year, however, the value of Western medicine becomes more and more appreciated. Proof of this is the ever- increasing number who attend the outpatient departments of Government Hospitals or seek admission to the wards. Another proof is the success of the Infant Welfare Clinic which was opened in Wanchai on 25th April, 1932 and which has become so popular that there is need of further accommodation.

80. Judging from the death returns the health of the Colony. was better than that of the previous year. The crude death rate was 22.38 per mille as compared with 25.02 the rate for 1932.

894

800

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81. Respiratory diseases accounted for 44.93 per cent of the total deaths, the percentage for 1932 being 43.05.

82. The principal diseases causing death were broncho- pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchitis, pneumonia, in- fantile diarrhoea and diarrhoea.

83. The overcrowded houses combined with the expectora- ting habits of the Chinese furnish sufficient explanation for the prevalence of respiratory troubles.

Mosquito-borne Diseases.

84. The mosquito-borne diseases of the Colony are Malaria, Dengue and Filariasis. None of these are notifiable diseases and complete incidence figures are not available.

MALARIA

85. This disease which in the early days.of the Colony was the great cause of death and from which Hong Kong derived its reputation of unhealthiness has now practically disappeared from the populous centres of Victoria and Kowloon as the result of the destruction of the breeding places of the carriers through efficient drainage. There is still some malaria in the out-skirts of the two towns and a considerable amount in the rural areas of both the Island and the Mainland.

86. Investigations have proved that swamps, ponds and other collections of water in the open plains, are more or less harmless and that the real danger lies within mosquito flight distance of the feet of hills and of valleys where collections of spring water in pockets, pools, swamps and streams form the breeding places of Anopheles Maculatus, Anopheles Minimus and Anopheles Jeyporiensis.

87. Why it is so we do not know but spring water which has not lost its sparkle does have an attraction for these three species. As a rule such water has a faint acid reaction due to dissolved carbonic acid gas. When it loses its C.02 and becomes flat it ceases to attract.

88. For many years the chief Vector in the Colony and New Territories was believed to be A. Maculatus. The researches of Dr. Jackson have proved this to be incorrect. A. Maculatus is a carrier but is of far less importance in the spread of malaria than A. Minimus and A. Jeyporiensis.

89. It appears that species of mosquitoes, like races of men, can under different conditions of climate and surroundings deve- lop differences in habits and tastes for food. A. Maculatus in Malaya readily takes human blood and is a very potent agent in the spread of malaria. In Hong Kong, where it is very prevalent. it seems to prefer animals to humans and its importance as a Vector of paludism is much less pronounced.

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90. Though paddy swamps on the open plains are factors of little importance in the spread of malaria the same cannot be said of the irrigated terraces which form the rice fields of the hilly country. These have been shown by the Malaria Bureau to be, under certain conditions, prolific breeding places for that powerful carrier A. Jeyporiensis. The irrigation ditches leading to and from the rice fields harbour both A. jeyporiensis and A. minimus.

91. Here as in Malaya disturbances of the soil often result in the formation of small collections of water which for reasons un- known attract the malaria mosquito and in which they deposit their eggs.

The breaking of the soil is not a direct cause of malaria but a predisposing factor in a chain of events which favour the spread of the disease.

92. The most malarious areas are, therefore, those in or near the hills. Unless carefully watched and carefully controlled works in the vicinity of the hills which involve disturbance of the soil such as roads, railways, or waterworks are nearly always attended by high sickness and death rates among the labour forces employed. In Malaya this was especially the case when the soil was of granite formation and the same applies in Hong Kong.

93. Malaria not being a notifiable disease few figures are available to measure the actual extent of incidence throughout the Colony and New Territories.

94. On the hospital returns and on the returns furnished by certain government departments, such as the Police, it is possible to base a guess as to whether the disease is on the increase or decrease generally, but that is all.

95. The cases admitted to Government Hospitals numbered. 475 of which 8 or 1.68 per cent died. In the Chinese Hospitals there were 925 admissions, of which 208 or 21.40 per cent died.

Among those admitted to the Government Hospitals there were 195 tertain, 159 aestivo-autumnal, and 12 quartan infections.

96. The cases admitted to the Government Hospitals during the last nine years are as follows:-

1925

1,142

1926

970

1927

670

1928

485

1929

653

1930

535

1931

585

1932

465

1933

475

M 36-

97. The incidence among the police of the New Territories for the same period was:-

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1930

1931

1932

1,205

877

428

278

265

258

148

55

102

1933

98. Many of the Police Stations are screened and every man is provided with a mosquito net. Prophylactic quinine is issued and the living rooins are regularly sprayed with an insecticide in an endeavour to kill any adult mosquitoes that may be present. The police on night patrols are of course liable to infection.

99. The total number of deaths attributed to malaria was 414, giving a death rate of 0.50 per mille for the Colony. The lowness of the rate is, of course, due to the fact that the great majority of the population living in the drained urban areas are outside the zone of flight of malaria carrying anophelines and, therefore, not subject to risks of attack.

DENGUE.

100. There was no epidemic of this disease during the year and only a few cases came under the notice of the Medical Officers.

FILARIASIS.

101. Researches carried out by the Malariologist show that a higher percentage of the people harbour micro-filaria in their blood than was formerly supposed. A number of mosquitoes, dissected for malaria, had filaria in their tissues. Twenty-two cases of elephantiasis were treated in the Government Hospitals and three in the Chinese Hospitals. Four cases of Chyluria were reported from the Chinese Hospitals.

Infectious Diseases.

102. The infectious diseases of the Colony may, for con- venience, be classed into those which are notifiable and those which are not.

103. The most important of the non-notifiable infectious dis- eases is Pulmonary Tuberculosis. Leprosy is notifiable under the Leprosy Ordinance 1910 but not under the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance.

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104. The notifiable diseases are Plague, Cholera, Smallpox, Yellow Fever, Typhus Fever, Cerebro-Spinal Fever, Enteric Fever, Para-typhoid Fever, Relapsing Fever, Scarlet Fever, Diphtheria, Puerperal Fever and Rabies (human and animal).

105. Responsibility for reporting a case of notifiable disease lies with the legally qualified medical practitioner attending a case, or, in the absence of such, on the occupier or keeper of the premises or on the nearest male relative living on the pre- mises, or in default of such relative on any person in charge of or in attendance on the sick person. Reports are to be made to the Medical Officer of Health or to the Officer in charge of the nearest Police Station.

106. In actual fact practically the only reports received by the Medical Officer of Health are those :—

(a) from qualified medical practitioners.

(b) from the Medical Officer in charge of hospitals.

(c) from the Medical Officers in charge of the Public Mort- uaries where bodies have been taken for inspection and disposal.

107. The Health Authorities when they do discover a case of infectious disease have no power to remove it to hospital unless the patient or his guardian consents, or unless a Magistrate makes an order for removal.

TUBERCULOSIS.

108. Pulmonary Tuberculosis ranks second to broncho- pneumonia as the principal cause of death. The total number of deaths was 2,225, that for 1932 being 2,042. The death rate per mille was 2.71 as compared with 2.52 for the previous year. Pulmonary Tuberculosis in the majority of cases is a disease which unfits the individual for the active exercise of the employ- ment months or even years before death supervenes. Because of the tendency of those unable to work and earn a living, to leave Hong Kong for their villages in China, the deaths reported form an incomplete index of the prevalence of the disease.

109. The number of cases showing clinical symptoms is un- known but reckoning 10 for each death the total comes to over 20,000.

110. As it is a habit of the working classes to expectorate freely without taking precautions the risks of spread of infection are such that few can escape. Fortunately the natural resistance of the ordinary individual to invasion by the tubercle bacillus is such, that given a sufficiency of proper food and fresh air, he can and more often than not does, wage a winning fight against the invader. It is probable that the great majority of those living in the urban districts have at some time been infected.

M 38

111. The masses in Hong Kong live a hand to mouth exist- ence. There is little to spare in the ordinary family and all who can must work. The well and strong can earn sufficient for their daily food but the weak and ailing find great difficulty in doing so. The individual, therefore, in whom the tubercle bacillus has gained the upper hand struggles against odds under conditions which leave little hope for recovery.

112. Tuberculosis of the lungs is a hidden disease the extent of which is only discovered through careful examination by a competent physician. There is a tendency for the patient to imagine himself better than he is and it is often impossible to make the ordinary Chinese working man or woman understand the nature of his or her case and the necessity for care for himself and precautions against being a danger to others.

113. There is at present no drug known which in non-poison- ous doses has any action on the tubercle bacilli growing in the tissues. The cure of the disease is brought about by the body itself and medicines only help in the process. The aim of the physician is to tone up the body to a pitch at which it can over- come the influence of the bacillus and keep it at that pitch until all bacilli have been destroyed and full repair established.

114. By the time tuberculosis has become manifest the dis- ease has made considerable progress and time, measured some- times in months, sometimes in years, is required to bring about

a cure.

115. A proportion of the cases require hospital treatment bui a much larger proportion can be treated just as well at dispensaries if the home conditions are favourable.

116. It is well known that the average self-respecting Chinese working man or woman will not remain in hospital if he or she feels able to work and it is useless to expect a stay sufficiently long to bring about complete arrest of the progress of a tuber- culous infection.

117. Such being the case the establishment of a tuberculous sanatorium for the working classes would be an uneconomic pro- position. The best results will be obtained through outpatient treatment at dispensaries, and the provision of beds in the general hospital for those recommended by the dispensary doctors.

LEPROSY.

118. Though leprosy is a notifiable disease very few cases are notified. The number of lepers in the Colony is not known but assuming that the incidence rate is the same as that of the neigh- bouring countries the total number cannot be less than 500 and it is probable that it is nearer 1,000. To many, these figures will appear to be exaggerations, nevertheless they are accepted by all who are authorities on the subject and have taken the trouble to make the necessary enquiries.

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119. The law dealing with leprosy is the Leprosy Ordinance of 1910 which makes leprosy a notifiable disease and gives power to the Governor-in-Council to appoint such places as he shall think fit to be leper asylums, and power to the Governor to order that a leper be segregated in a leper asylum, or, if there be pro- vision for effective isolation and medical treatment in the patient's own home, to prescribe the conditions under which he may be allowed to reside there.

120. Private asylums are prohibited and it is an offence to shelter a leper. There are no leper asylums in the Colony.

121. Lepers who are not British subjects are prohibited from entering the Colony and any such who find entrance may be deported. Lepers who are Chinese subjects are sent to Canton whence they may proceed to Shek Lung where there is an official asylum of the Kwang Tung Government the direction of which is entirely in the hands of the Catholic Mission. During the year the Hong Kong Government paid to the Mission a donation of $2,500.

The number of lepers deported in 1933 was 83.

Notifiable Infectious Diseases.

122. The number of cases of infectious diseases notified dur- ing the year and those notified in 1932 were :—

1932

1933

Cholera

241

Smallpox

212

566

Diphtheria

205

122

Enteric

202

207

Paratyphoid

8

13

Cerebro-spinal fever

207

191

Puerperal fever

7

12

Rabies (human)

2

Rabies (animal)

3

PLAGUE.

123. For the last four years no case of plague, human or rodent, has been reported in the Colony. The disease has dis- appeared from Hong Kong and the same may be said of South China generally. The rat population is much the same as it was and so far as we know there is no change in quantity or quality in the flea population. The sanitary conditions in Hong Kong are generally better than they were but in the majority of Chinese towns there is little change. We must accept the fact

M 40

that the rise and fall in plague figures have not been satisfactorily explained. We know that plague is primarily a disease of rats communicated to man through the rat flea, but we have to admit that we know little of the reason for the rise and fall in the incidence of disease among rodents.

SMALLPOX.

124. Every year during the winter months this disease mani- fests itself in outbreaks which are sometimes epidemic and some- times sporadic, to disappear with the advent of summer.

125. During the year 566 cases were reported, of which 392 were notified through the Medical Officers in charge of Mortuaries, that is after death had occurred. The total number of deaths was 433. Allowing for a case death rate of 25 per cent for all ages in this well vaccinated Colony the real number of cases was 433 x 4 or 1732. If this be the true figure then 67.3 per cent of the cases evaded discovery by the sanitary authorities and went through the various stages of this very infectious disease in one or other of the overcrowded tenement houses.

126. Of the 392 mortuary cases many were corpses dumped in the streets at night and conveyed to the Mortuary next morning by the Police. The total number of dumped bodies was 1,347 so that the claim that the chief cause of dumping is concealment of infectious cases for fear of the attention of the Sanitary Au- thorities cannot be substantiated. It is, however, true that fear of punishment for concealment is one cause of dumping.

127. That a child should not be vaccinated until it has passed its second Chinese New Year is a belief prevalent among the local people, and immediately after the New Year the dispensaries are crowded with mothers bringing their infants to be done. A child born just after New Year is thus two years of age before it is vaccinated. In spite of the law requiring children to be vaccina- ted within six weeks of birth many remain undone until the so-called propitious period, and thus there is always in the Colony sufficient suitable soil for the growth and development of the smallpox virus.

128. The concealment of cases, the dissemination of the virus by fomites and contacts and the existence of a suffi- ciency of suitable soil explains the continuance of smallpox despite the number of vaccinations which are done yearly.

129. The total number vaccinated during the year under review was 545,850 as compared with 244,789 in 1932 and 154,451 in 1931.

M 41

130. The number of cases treated in the Government In- fectious Diseases Hospital, where Western methods only are practised, was 13 with 5 deaths. The case death rate was 38.5 per cent.

The number of cases treated in the Tung Wah In- fectious Diseases Hospital by Chinese methods was 137 with 78 deaths. The case death rate was 57 per cent.

131. During the last 23 years 309 cases were treated at the Government Infectious Diseases Hospital by western treatment with a death rate of 15.5 per cent. During the same period at the Tung Wah Infectious Diseases Hospital 1,463 cases were treated by Chinese herbalists methods with a death rate of 48.25 per cent.

These figures should convince any open-minded person that the supposed superiority of Chinese treatment over Western treatment is a myth.

CHOLERA,

132. No cases of Cholera were reported during 1933.

DIPHTHERIA.

133. There were 122 cases reported as compared with 205 for 1932. The cases were all sporadic and the source of infection was seldom discovered.

ENTERIC.

134. The number of cases reported was 207 as compared with 202 for the previous year. All the cases were sporadic and as is usual in such, the source of the infection could not be traced. There is no evidence that any case contracted the disease through the public water supply.

CEREBRO-SPINAL FEVER.

135. The number of cases of cerebro-spinal fever or cerebro- spinal meningitis was 191, as compared with 207 for the previous year. The cases were all sporadic and in very few cases could the spread of infection be traced from a particular source. The disease showed no tendency to spread to contacts even where conditions as regards congregation of individuals and poorness of ventilation appeared to be most favourable for spreading. The case death rate was 62 per cent. Treatment was by spinal punc- ture and injection of serum.

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SECTION III.

HYGIENE AND SANITATION.

136. The Sanitary Department which is distinct from the Medical Department and over which the Director of Medical and Sanitary Services has no authority deals with the greater part of the sanitation of the Colony. The head of the department is an officer of the Civil Service whose title is Head of the Sanitary Department.

137. The staff under his administrative supervision in- cludes:

(i) Two European and one Chinese, Health Officers seconded

from the Medical Department.

(ii) Two Veterinary Surgeons.

(iii) Fifty-six European Sanitary Inspectors.

138. There are six Asiatic Sanitary Inspectors, a number of interpreters and a large staff of subordinates.

139. Included among the responsibilities of this department

are:-

(a) the prevention or mitigation of epidemic, endemic, con-

tagious or infectious disease in humans and animals. (b) the prevention of disease caused by mosquitoes. (c) measures for ensuring the purity and wholesomeness of

foods during their preparation, storage and sale.

(d) the control of abattoirs, markets, dairies and bakeries. (e) the control of eating houses.

(f) town cleansing, scavenging and collection of nightsoil. (g) the disposal of the dead.

140. For the purpose of sanitary administration by the Sanitary Department, the Island and the Peninsula have been divided into local sanitary areas, each with a sanitary office, and these in turn have been sub-divided into Health Districts each in charge of a Sanitary Inspector.

141. The City of Victoria including the Peak is divided into four sanitary areas and seventeen health districts. The villages on the south side of the island are in charge of one Inspector. Kowloon Peninsula has three health areas and seven health dis- tricts. It is estimated that on an average each Inspector has to deal with a population of 25,000, a very high figure for a tropical city, and especially for one so overcrowded as Victoria.

142. The Sanitary Department has no jurisdiction in any part of the New Territories with the exception of the urban area next to Kowloon and known as New Kowloon.

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143. The following general review of work done and progress made in matters of sanitation is, so far as the Sanitary Depart- ment is concerned, based on facts supplied by the Medical Officer of Health. The Annual Report of the Sanitary Department is issued independently by the Head of the Sanitary Department.

Preventive Measures Against Mosquitoes and Insect Borne Diseases.

144. The only law on the subject is the following by-law made under the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance which is administered by the Sanitary Department:-

'When the larvae of mosquitoes are found on any premises the Board may on the advice of the Medical Officer of Health or any Assistant Medical Officer of Health give notice to the owner or occupier of such premises to remove all accumulations of water from such premises or to take steps to prevent the recurrence of the breeding places of mosquitoes in any such ac- cumulations of water and such owner or occupier shall comply with such notice forthwith."

This by-law does not apply to the New Territories.

145. There are no special Sanitary Inspectors engaged in anti-mosquito work and the anti-mosquito brigade consists of two overseers and a squad of oiling coolies.

146. The routine work of inspection of premises for the pre- sence of mosquito breeding was carried out by the district in- spectors. Oiling of pools and destruction of mosquito breeding places was carried out by the anti-mosquito gangs.

147. The usual cutting of undergrowth in May and October was done in co-operation with the Botanical and Forestry Depart- ment as regards Crown Lands, and with the Military Authorities, on military lands.

148. The Malaria Bureau of the Medical Department con- tinued to function throughout the year. The work done in- cluded:

(a) General survey of the Colony and New Territories for the purpose of ascertaining what species of mosquitoes exist and the life history of each.

(b) Research regarding insect borne diseases to determine the insects hosts and the conditions influencing the spread of infection.

(c) Special investigation in malarious districts with a view

to the eradication of disease.

(d) Local mosquito surveys for the abatement of mosquito

nuisances.

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(e) Co-operation with Government Departments, the Mili- tary, Naval and Air Forces, Public Companies and private individuals with regard to the investigation and eradication of malaria.

(f) The teaching of mosquitology.

A full account of the activities of the Bureau will be found in the Appendix.

149. The information so far collected indicates that the principal agents in the spread of malaria are Anopheles Minimus and Anopheles Jeyporiensis which breed in small pools and collec- tions of spring water subject to the influence of light and usually situated in areas which are hilly or undulating. Water in contact with newly opened earth in these regions is especially dangerous. Terraced and irrigated rice fields in the hills are dangerous at certain periods of the season.

150. Jungle bush and undergrowth in so far as they provide shade to pools and collections of spring water, hinder rather than promote the spread of malaria.

151. The Public Works Department carry out all anti-malaria works on Crown Lands other than oiling. Each year a sum is inserted for the 'training of nullahs' and each year work to the limit of the sum sanctioned is carried out. There can be no doubt that the disappearance of malaria from the populated areas is to a large measure due to the excellent drainage works carried out by this department.

152. The Public Works Department and the Malaria Bureau co-operated to the fullest extent.

153. At the Shing Mun Dam Construction Works, situated in one of the most malarious areas in the Colony, the engineering staff co-operated with that of the Medical Department in an attempt to control the malaria problem through anti-mosquito measures. The Medical Department undertook responsibility for investigation and research, for anti-larval measures other than drainage, for drug prophylaxis and for treatment. The engineer- ing staff undertook to do clearing and drainage, the construction of buildings and general sanitary requirements.

A zone extending from the labour camp site for half a mile in every direction was cleared, drained and oiled. An attempt was made to render the labourers' camps mosquito-proof. Fuller description of these operations will be found in Chapter X. and in the Report of the Malariologist, Appendix B.

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PREVENTIVE MEASURES AGAINST PLAGUE.

154. In the campaign against plague the routine measures which have been in vague since the disease was at its height were continued. They were:

(a) Feriodical cleansing of premises.

(b) Abolition of rat refuges such as ceiling, stair linings

and panellings.

(c) Destruction of rats.

155. In the crowded areas where the houses are packed with humans and their belongings, the periodical cleansing of pre- mises is a most important factor in the prevention of the spread of this disease. All the furniture, movable fittings and house- hold goods are removed from the rooms and cubicles and all floors and woodwork washed down with an emulsion of soap and kerosene oil. This is done either by the sanitary staff or by the occupiers under the general supervision of the district inspector. In addition, accumulated rubbish of all kinds is cleared away and the premises thoroughly searched for rat- holes. Altogether 223,988 floors were dealt with during the year.

156. Twenty-seven members of the cleansing staff were employed in setting traps, bird liming boards, distributing barium carbonate baits, and collecting rodents which had been taken living or dead. By far the greatest number of rats were taken dead from the numerous rat reception bins or tins which are placed in convenient situations throughout the two cities. The Chinese take exception to the rats being found on their premises by the Sanitary Staff, probably through fear of extra sanitary measures being taken against them, and it is not uncommon for them to kill the rodents found in the Government traps and to throw the carcases into the reception bins. The total number of rats collected was 174,272, of which 17,038 only were taken alive. All rats collected were sent to the Public Mortuary for examination by the Medical Officer in charge.

157. During the year no rats were found to be plague in- fected.

PREVENTIVE MEASURES AGAINST SMALL-POX.

158. Under the Vaccination Ordinance all Public Vaccina- tors are under the Director of Medical and Sanitary Services who is Superintendent of Vaccination. As Registrar of Births and Deaths the Director is responsible for ensuring the vaccina- tion of all children whose births are registered.

159. During the year 545,850 persons or nearly one-third of the total population were vaccinated.

M 46

The following table shows the principal bodies engaged in vaccinating and the number of operations performed by each:·

The Public Vaccinators

The Government Hospitals

Maternity and Infant Welfare Centres

The Chinese Public Dispensaries

69,312

5.339

- 163

61,728

The St. John Ambulance Brigade.. 409,308

Total

.....

545,850

160. From the above it will be seen that the St. John Am- bulance Brigade and the Chinese Public Dispensaries rendered most valuable assistance in the attempt to control small-pox by vaccination.

161. Apart from vaccination little was done to prevent the spread of small-pox. At a maximum not more than 25 per cent. of the cases were discovered during life and of these the great majority entered the Tung Wah Infectious Diseases Hospital where they were treated by herbalists and where the precau- tions against dissemination were far from satisfactory.

PREVENTIVE MEASURES AGAINST CHOLERA, DYSENTERY,

ENTERIC, ETC.

162. The measures which may be taken to prevent the spread of bowel diseases are those which prevent dissemination by water, by food and by flies. The Hong Kong public water, though subject to certain risks of contamination at some of its several sources, is filtered and chlorinated and when it reaches the consumer it is of a high grade of purity.

163. The measures taken to preserve the wholesomeness of foods for sale and under preparation for sale are still far from satisfactory.

164. With regard to flies Hong Kong is comparatively free from these pests; the same cannot be said for New Kowloon within a mile of the refuse dump.

Preventive Measures Against Tuberculosis.

165. The measures taken against Tuberculosis were:-- (a) The periodical general cleansing of premises. (b) Action to prevent the erection of unauthorised cubicles especially those which have defects in the matter of lighting, air space and ventilation.

(c) Action by the Building Authority to ensure the erection of houses having a proper supply of lighting and ventila- tion.

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166. The overcrowded condition of the City of Victoria, its confined area, the difficulties presented by topographical fea- tures, and the absence of accommodation for evicted tenants make the question of hygienic housing of the populace one of extreme difficulty. The sanitary staff are working against great odds and they cannot hope to attain results such as are attain- ed in other cities where the task is easier and the personnel larger. The wonder is not that so many contract tuberculosis but that so many manage to wage a successful fight against it.

Preventive Measures against Helminthic Disease.

167. With the exception of the action taken by the Veterinary staff at the Abattoirs there never has been any routine campaign against Helminthic disease. Whatever be the percentage of the population carrying ankylostomes very few cases of ankylostomiasis come under the notice of the hospital authorities.

GENERAL MEASURES OF SANITATION. Domestic Cleanliness.

168. Every domestic building or part of a building occupied by the members of more than one family must, unless especially exempted by the Sanitary Board, be cleansed and limewashed throughout by the owner, to the satisfaction of the Board, not less than once in every year, and notice in writing that such cleansing and limewashing has been completed shall be sent by the owner to the Secretary within three days after the date of completion.

169. It is the duty of the occupier of any domestic build- ing to cause such building to be kept in a cleanly and whole- some condition and to see that the drains, traps, gratings, fall pipes, and sanitary fittings and appliances, are free from ob- struction and in an efficient state of repair.

170. In Hong Kong there are 13,842 Chinese houses with 47,171 floors; in Kowloon there are 10,649 houses and 31,497 floors. During the year 142,964 floors in Hong Kong, and 81,042 floors in Kowloon were cleansed. During the cleansing pro- cess all the furniture is moved and the walls and floors washed down with kerosene oil emulsion.

171. Considering that each inspector has to supervise a dis- trict with approximately 25,000 inhabitants, most of whom are ignorant of the rudiments of sanitation, the thoroughness of the cleansing operations is remarkable.

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Scavenging.

172. Scavenging is carried out departmentally. There are twenty-one refuse lorries in use, thirteen being for Hong Kong and eight for Kowloon. 392 tons of refuse was collected daily and removed to the various refuse depots. The bulk of the refuse was ultimately disposed of by dumping in the sea at a distance from the city and in such a situation where the currents run in a direction away from the island. Some of the refuse from Kowloon was used to reclaim low-lying land near the sea- shore.

Conservancy and Sewerage Disposal.

173. The collection and disposal of night-soil in the Colony is carried out partly by the bucket system and partly by water carriage. With regard to the bucket system arrangements are made with a contractor for the removal and disposal of excre- ment under conditions laid down by the Sanitary Board.

174. The excrement is removed by night from the latrines to a special fleet of junks which convey it up river to China where it is utilised as manure for the mulberry trees on which the silk worms feed.

175. Owing to the limitations of the water supply on the Island and the need for economy in the matter of consumption, it is necessary to restrict the number of water closets served by the public mains.

176. Where a sufficiency of water can be obtained from other sources, such as wells or streams, and the conditions otherwise are suitable, water closets are allowed. With regard to effluents, some enter the public sewers direct, some pass to biological tank systems to be treated before final discharge.

Drainage.

177. Drainage both surface and subsoil is controlled by the Public Works Department. $576,200 was entered in the 1933 Estimates for a programme which included drainage, training of nullahs and sewerage. $120,000, which includes costs of re- sumption, was provided for anti-malaria works.

Water Supplies.

178. The water supplies of Hong Kong and Kowloon are in charge of the Water Works Branch of the Public Works De- partment.

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179. All the water is surface water and most of it is collect- ed from catchment areas which are free from ordinary risks of pollution. The water, after storage for a longer or shorter period in impounding reservoirs, is filtered in some cases by slow sand filters, in others by the rapid system, and finally it is chlorinated.

180. Routine examinations are carried out by the Govern- ment Bacteriologist and Government Analyst and the results furnished to the Water Authority. The results show that the water as supplied to the consumer is of excellent quality.

Clearance of Bush and Undergrowth.

181. Generally speaking in Hong Kong and the New Territories bush and undergrowth is little in evidence except in those places where it has been planted and conserved. Routine cutting of superfluous undergrowth is carried out in May and October,

Sanitary Inspections.

182. On the staff of the Sanitary Department there are 56 European Sanitary Inspectors and six probationary Asiatic In- spectors. There are neither Health Visitors nor Public Health Nurses. Each Sanitary Inspector has for supervision a district with approximately 25,000 inhabitants most of whom are ignorant of the very rudiments of sanitation. Under their super- vision come tenement houses, lodging houses, places of common assembly, eating houses, bakeries, dairies, markets, laundries, etc., etc. It is physically impossible for these men to carry out the number of inspections necessary to ensure a proper standard of sanitation and much that should be done must necessarily be left undone. Work in connection with the routine cleansing of houses takes up much of the time of the Inspectors and there is little left for other necessary action.

183. Except in the matter of house cleansing matters are not satisfactory.

Common Lodging Houses.

184. Boarding Houses which include every place where any person is harboured or lodged for any kind whatsoever of hire or reward and where any domestic service whatsoever is render- ed by the owner, lessee, principal tenant, occupier, or master to the person so harboured or lodged, but which do not include any boarding house for non-Chinese seamen within the meaning of the Merchant Shipping Ordinance, are licensed and controlled by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under the Boarding House Ordinance,

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185. They include hotels, common lodging houses, places where employers lodge their employees and the premises of societies within the meaning of the Societies Ordinance, where persons pass the night.

66

186. Under the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance Common Lodging House includes any house or part thereof or other permanent structure where male persons of the labour- ing, artizan or mechanical classes, not being members of the same family, to the number of ten persons or upwards are housed, but does not include a house or other permanent struc- ture where shopmen or domestic servants are housed by their employers.

187. Under the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance the Sanitary Board is given power to make by-laws for the licensing, regulation and sanitary maintenance of Common Lodging Houses,

188. Sixteen by-laws have been made under this Ordinance. one of which passes the power of registering the houses and licensing the keepers to the Secretary of Chinese Affairs.

189. In practice the Sanitary Department report on the condition of the house and if declared sanitary the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, if he be satisfied, registers it and licenses the keeper.

а

190. As mentioned above Boarding Houses include Common Lodging House. Some 700 Chinese Boarding House licences have been issued by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. They vary in class from 3rd class lodging houses to 1st class hotels.

SCHOOL HYGIENE

191. The School Inspection Branch of the Medical Depart- ment consists of one School Medical Officer, two Chinese Medical Officers, and three School Nurses.

192. According to the Census the number of persons between five and fifteen years of age was 141,709. The total number of schools under inspection by the Education Depart- ment in 1933 was 1,079 and the number of scholars on the Roll was 71.917.

193. The following table shows the classification of schools and the distribution of scholars.

L

Government

Schools

Grant in Aid

Schools

Scholars

on Roll

Class of Institution

Schools

No. of Scholars on Roll

No. of

Schools

Subsidised

Schools

Unaided Schools

Total

No. of

Schools

Scholars

on Roll

Scholars

No. of

Schools

Scholars

on Roll

M 51

English

Secondary

2,380

12

6,104

1

168

10

1,864

10,516

Primary.

11

1,796

1

212

114

+4,664

6,672

Vocational.

GJ

849

849

Total.

17

5,025

13

6,316

1

168

124

6,528

18,037

Vernacular

Secondary

1

253

4

1,023

1,276

Primary.

303

20,136

613

33,077

53,213

Vocational.

2

v

214

1

177

391

Total.

3

467

4

1,023

304

20,313

613

33,077

54,880

Grand Total...

20

5,492 |

17

7,339

305

20,481

737

39,605

72,917

M 52

194. Children enter the Primary Vernacular Schools at 7 years of age and remain there for five years.

The normal age for entering the secondary school is 12. The pupils who join the 8th or lowest class can rise one class each year until at 20 they are in the 1st class.

195. With the limited staff provided for the purpose, it was not possible to deal with more than a small proportion of the total school hygiene work calling for attention.

In England and Wales scholars are inspected three times in the course of their school life, namely, at five, eight and twelve years of age. Here it is not possible to do anything like this.

196. So far

attention has been

concentrated on the secondary schools and primary English Schools. With regard to routine examinations it has only been possible to deal with

entrants and with

23

specials.'

197. The Primary Vernacular Schools with their 53,000 scholars have not been touched and it is in connection with such that the need for health measures is most urgent. By the time the scholars come under the eye of the Medical Officer when entering the secondary school their physical abnormalities, which might have been rectified if seen and treated sufficiently early, have become established as definite health defects.

198. In Hong Kong as elsewhere the School Medical Officers found their work greatly handicapped by the absence of school clinics where those who could not afford the services of a private practitioner and who required treatment could receive the necessary attention. Cards to hospitals and Chinese Public Dispensaries did not meet the case. The children either did not attend or if they did attend refrained from making a second visit. The reasons for failure to take advantage of the opportunity of obtaining free advice and treatment are several. The natural disinclination of the ordinary child to go alone to a hospital or dispensary, the lack of sympathy shown by the average Hospital subordinate unless tipped, the time taken up in transport and waiting for one's turn to be seen are all factors which tend to make the practice of treatment of school children at hospitals and Chinese Public Dispensaries a failure.

199. To have any chance of success the child must be treat- ed in a clinic, conveniently situated, by the doctor and the nurses whom he knows and in whom he has confidence.

200. Under the scheme for reorganisation of the Medical and Sanitary Services recommendations have been made for the provision of school clinics in district health centres. Pending the establishment of these, temporary clinics have been instituted in the Ellis Kadoorie School in Victoria and the Yaumati School in Kowloon. In February, 1933, a third clinic was opened at the Junior Technical School.

J

M 53

These clinics were available for scholars from any school, but, as a rule, they are attended only by those from schools. within a comparatively short radius. Time and expense pre- vented their use by those further afield. Trachoma, conjune- tivitis and skin trouble were the commonest ailments treated.

201. Vision is tested on entry to school and in Class 5. Among the entrants of 1,116 tested 27 per cent. showed slight defects and 10 per cent. serious defects. In Class 5 out of 515 examined 16 per cent. had slight, and 8 per cent. serious defects.

Those showing signs of error of refraction are sent to an oculist to be tested for glasses. Glasses are supplied free to those who cannot pay. The number sent for testing was 302 and the number supplied with glasses 228.

202. A large proportion of the Chinese children inspected required some dental treatment. There being no school dentist notices were issued to parents to take their children to private practitioners, but with little result. A school dentist is much needed.

203. Arrangements have been made with the Government Hospitals and Chinese Public Dispensaries whereby cases sent by the School Medical Officer shall receive free treatment. 380 cases received treatment at these institutions. Cod-liver oil and iron tonics are issued free at the clinics to deserving cases.

204. With regard to home visiting the nurses paid 300 visits to the homes of 228 cases.

The nurses also take the children to hospital for X-ray examination and for the first time of special treatments. This has been found to ensure better attendance and less fright on the part of both child and relatives.

Home conditions are usually found to be unhealthy, ignor- ance being often more of a drawback to healthy living than poverty, but there is much overcrowding. The mothers wel- come the nurses' visits and ask for advice on various health matters.

205. With regard to infectious diseases the Medical Officer of Health notifies the School Medical Officer of any school cases reported to him and vice versa. According to the School Medical Officer most of the cases in British Schools are re- ported but only one-tenth of those in other schools. When we have sufficient home visitors to educate the mothers as to the importance of the subject we will get notification but not before.

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206. Respecting school premises and equipment all Govern- ment Schools were inspected and reports made. Considerable improvements were effected.

207. The Central British School and the Kowloon Junior School were too crowded. New premises are badly needed for the British children.

1932

1933

208. Schools inspected

17

19

Entrants examined

1,078

1,257

Defects found

581

640

Per cent. defects in British

Schools

35.7

36.0

Per cent. defects in Anglo-

Chinese Schools

53.9

56.04

REINSPECTION OF CHILDREN FOUND TO BE DEFECTIVE.

Re-

Class of School.

Year.

inspected

Improved.

No.

No.

Improved. Percentage.

British..

Anglo-Chinese..

1932

121

47

38.8 per cent.

1933

16

6

1932

943

519

37.5 55.03

22

"J

""

1933

1,508

720

47.75

19

>>

209. Most of the subsidised schools and unaided schools, numbering altogether over 1,000, have not been visited owing to lack of staff. The majority of them consist of one or more rooms in an old or newer tenement house with inadequate closet accommodation. As a rule, the teachers welcome inspec- tion and advice..

210. A most important part of the work done by this branch was the teaching of hygiene. Lectures were given to Vernacular teachers.

211. Hygiene is a compulsory subject for English teachers and courses in this subject have been established at the Educa- tion Department's Technical Institute.

212. During Empire Health Week a health exhibition was staged in the Hall at Ellis Kadoorie School and was well at- tended.

213. The School Medical Officer has established at head- quarters the beginnings of a health museum where are to be found posters, leaflets, pamphlets, lantern slides, etc., etc.

i

M 55

LABOUR CONDITIONS.

214. There are no estates, plantations or mines and com- paratively few large factories. The majority of the urban labouring classes are engaged in matters connected with com- merce, shipping or public works and the bulk of the remainder find employment in shops or workshops or independent busi- nesses. There is no need for recruitment of labour, the supply being sufficient to satisfy all demands.

215. Labourers find their own accommodation in the many tenements and lodging houses which exist in Hong Kong and Kowloon.

216. The Factories and Workshops Ordinance contains sections bearing on the health of factory workers. The Public Health and Buildings Ordinance also contains sections bearing on the health of factory workers.

217. Ordinarily there are no special arrangements for the medical care of labourers other than the Government Hospitals, the Chinese Hospitals, the Chinese Dispensaries and the Mission Hospitals. The total number of third class beds in these in- stitutions available for general diseases are about 1,000 or 1 to 750 approximately.

218. Special arrangements were made for the care of the labourers engaged in the Shing Mun Water Works Scheme which was in full swing during the year. Anti-malaria pre- cautions were taken and hospital accommodation and medical supervision provided. The Medical Department co-operated with the Engineering Authorities.

HOUSING AND TOWN PLANNING.

219. There is no Town Planning Ordinance and Housing comes under that portion of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance which is administered by the Public Works Depart- ment. There is little or no zoning in the older parts of Victoria and blacksmiths shops or even foundries are to be found in The new re- the midst of shop houses and domestic houses. clamation in Victoria known as the Praya East has been laid The out on modern lines with wide streets and backlanes. greater part of Kowloon and New Kowloon has been planned on up to date principles. The zones recommended by the Town Planning Committee of 1923 are being adopted.

220. The following list shows some of the work done during the year by, or under the supervision of the Sanitary Depart- ment (items 1-4) and the building branch of the Public Works Department (items 4-8).

M 56

Nature of Work.

No. of Cases.

1933.

1932.

1. Obstructions removed from open

spaces

469

472

2.-Obstructions to light and ventilation

removed

824

617

3. Rat holes stopped

842

796

4. Water closets installed in private

buildings.

3,365

1,121

130

257

2

4

1,025

1,240

1.....

19

25

5.-Houses demolished (domestic)

6.-Houses demolished (non-domestic)..

7.—Houses erected (domestic)

8. Houses erected (non-domestic)

221. The City of Victoria for the area it occupies is over housed and grossly over-populated. In certain districts a great deal of improvement has been brought about but in some 200 acres where there are approximately 1,000 persons to the acre sanitary conditions are bad.

222. The position as regards housing in Victoria has been explained in the introduction to this report. The situation is at the same time a sanitary problem, a social problem and an economic problem. Victoria is the centre of attraction for the stream of immigrants from China, most of whom are poor people who live from hand to mouth. Accommodation is limited but the people must find shelter somewhere. A cubicle rents for ten dollars per month, a bed in the passage costs three to four dollars, food costs at least six dollars and the average earnings of a collie do not exceed twenty dollars.

223. There is no space to build further houses and demoli- tion means an increase of concentration in the houses that remain.

224. One hopeful sign is that the people are being more and more attracted by Kowloon, Praya East and North Point where concentration is much less marked and where there is room for extension.

225. The following plan shows the dimensions of the model type of house designed by the Public Works Department. Provided there be sufficient space in front and behind in the way of street and back lane and provided the occupants keep the building clean and free from obstruction to light and ventila- tion there is no reason why they should not live a healthy life.



- M 57 -

--17:02.

PLAN OF A FLOOR IN A NEW HOUSE

WITH CUBICLES

SCALE 1" 8FT.

M 58

FOOD IN RELATION TO HEALTH AND DISEASES.

INSPECTION AND CONTROL OF FOOD SUPPLIES.

226. The laws dealing with this subject are the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance and the Sale of Food and Drugs Ordinance both of which are administered by the Sanitary Department. Stall-holders and hawkers, who come under the Licensing Ordinance, 1887, are licensed by the Police.

227. During the year the following samples were taken under the Sale of Food and Drugs Ordinance and subjected to analysis:-Milk 55, Condensed Milk 1, Cream 12, Butter 14, Flour 5, Bread 12, Sugar 1, Lard 1, Whisky 1.

Two samples of milk and the samples of condensed milk and whisky were below standard.

228. The following foodstuffs were seized under Section 82 of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance :--

Tinned fruits 36 cases, fruit 5 cases, bread 12 loaves, flour 109 bags and 52,890 lbs., strawberries 53 cases, raspberries 11 cases, tinned milk 129 tins, wheat 7,112 lbs., sugar 930 lbs., biscuits 5 tins and 250 lbs., soda 112 lbs.

MARKETS, SLAUGHTER HOUSES AND DAIRIES.

229. Markets.-The markets come under the Sanitary De- partment. There is urgent need for larger and better markets in the City of Victoria. These are being provided as funds permit.

230. Slaughter Houses.-Slaughter houses and animal de- pots are controlled by the Veterinary Branch of the Sanitary Department. There is a Government depot at Kennedy Town (Hong Kong) for the reception of all cattle, sheep, swine and goats brought into the Colony for slaughter. The Government abattoirs are situated at Kennedy Town (Hong Kong) and at Ma Tau Kok (Kowloon). There are Government controlled slaughter houses at Aberdeen and Sai Wan Ho.

231. Dairies. There are a number of dairies in the Colony all of which are licensed by the Sanitary Board. On the south side of the Island there is a model dairy where milk is produced by stall fed cattle.

DEFICIENCY DISEASES.

232. The only information available regarding deficiency diseases is furnished by the death returns and returns of diseases furnished by the Government Hospitals and Chinese Hospitals. The hospitals deal with only a small proportion of the sick and

1

- M 59

the whole truth regarding the incidence of disease among the masses cannot be deduced from their figures. The death returns also are misleading in that the majority of cases were not treated by competent physicians prior to death and the Medical Officer examining a body in the mortuary, had no history to assist him in coming to a conclusion as to the cause of death.

233. Beri-Beri.-Polished rice is the staple food of the masses yet beri-beri is not epidemic and the deaths from this disease formed only 2.55 per cent. of the total deaths. The total number of deaths recorded was 463 and the death rate per mille population 0.56. The total number treated in the Government Hospitals for this disease was 70, those treated in the Chinese Hospitals numbered 746.

234. Rickets.-No cases of rickets were admitted to either the Government or the Chinese Hospitals.

235. Scurvy.-Only one case came to the notice of the Medical Authorities.

MEASURES TAKEN TO SPREAD THE KNOWLEDGE OF HYGIENE AND

SANITATION.

236. The measures taken to spread the knowledge

of Hygiene and Sanitation among the populace of Hong Kong have up to date been sporadic and patchy. Every year during Health Week the Y.M.C.A. arranges for a series of lectures to be given. The St. John Ambulance Brigade from time to time spread the gospel concerning some particular subject.

A number of the schools teach elementary hygiene. The Chinese Public Dispensaries arrange periodically for popular lectures to be given by their medical officers. The "Schools Branch of the Medical Department have a small demonstration centre and the school medical officers and nurses give lectures and de- monstrations. At the Infant Welfare Centre endeavours are made to instruct the mothers who attend.

237. Health instruction to serve any useful purpose must arouse and retain the interest of those for whom it is intended. With regard to the masses little of practical value can be accomplished without the active assistance of the mothers of the families (and the quickest and surest way of obtaining the confidence of the mothers is through health centres where free medical advice and treatment form the primary attraction and where the mothers make the acquaintance of tactful and sympathetic skilled nurses who also act as home visitors. The second best means of influencing the mother is through the school clinic where her children are medically examined by the doctor and school nurse and where opportunity is taken to add propaganda to advice.

7

M 60

238. At present the only Public Health Centres are the Chinese Public Dispensaries and the Government Infant Wel- fare Centre in Wanchai; there are no public health nurses or health visitors.

With regard to school medical work there are only three medical officers and three

nurses for over 70,000 school children.

TRAINING OF SANITARY PERSONNEL.

239. The Medical Officers of Health hold classes and give lectures. Courses in chemistry, physics and sanitary engineering were held at the Technical Institute of the Education Depart- At the Bacteriological Institute elementary instruction in bacteriology and mosquitology is given to sanitary inspectors.

ment.

240. Hong Kong is an examining centre for the Royal Sanitary Institute and every year examinations are held for the Sanitary Inspectors Certificate and the Sanitary Science Certificate. Candidates come from Shanghai to take these examinations. The results of the last test were very satisfac- tory.

י-

M 61

SECTION IV.

PORT HEALTH WORK AND ADMINISTRATION.

GENERAL.

241. Reckoned in terms of shipping tonnage, Hong Kong is one of the five greatest ports of the world. It is the prin- cipal commercial entrepot of Southern China and it is the terminus of steamship lines running between China, Japan, and North America.

242. In 1933, 4,815 British ocean-going steamers and 6,641 foreign ocean-going steamers entered and cleared the harbour. In addition there were 9,975 river steamers, 7,972 launches, and 22,089 foreign trade junks. The total tonnage of vessels entering and clearing was 40,862,583.

243. The Medical Staff engaged in Port Health duties con- sists of two European Health Officers and two Chinese Medical Officers.

The work of the department includes:-

(a) Routine inspection of ships.

(b) Quarantine duty.

(c) Duty in connection with emigration. (d) Vaccination.

244. The laws dealing with the subject of Quarantine and Port Health are contained in Table L of the Hong Kong Port Regulations, the Asiatic Emigration Ordinance and the Vaccina- tion Ordinance.

245. During the year 5,722 inward bound ocean-going vessels were boarded by the Health Officers. Of these 2,408 were on the British register and 3,314 on the foreign register.

246. River steamers from Canton, Macao and West River Ports, also junks and small crafts were only visited when cases of sickness or death were reported. However, all river steamers are regularly inspected by a Health Inspector for cleanliness and sanitation.

247. During the year 153 special visits were made to ships for the purpose of examining persons suffering from infectious. but non-quarantine diseases. 50 permits for the landing of corpses for burial were granted and 25 bodies were sent to the mortuary for post-mortem examination. 8 cases of leprosy were detected amongst Chinese passengers. 19 Chinese lunatics

arrived in the Colony during the year, and 9 Philippine lunatics in transit to Manila. Bills of Health numbering 1,923 were issued.

M 62

QUARANTINE.

248. Hong Kong has no quarantine station for ships pas- sengers and crews. When segregation is necessary it is carried out on board ship at the quarantine anchorage. A limited number (26) of infectious cases can be accommodated at the Government Infectious Diseases Hospital at Kennedy Town, but there is no room for contacts.

249. All vessels arriving from "infected" ports and those having infectious or suspicious cases on board fly the "Q Q" flag and go to the Quarantine Anchorage for examination.

250. The number of vessels arriving in Quarantine was 477 with 73,474 passengers and crew personnel of 41,335. All were examined and the passengers and crews of those vessels arriving from small-pox infected ports were vaccinated if insufficiently protected against the disease.

251. The total number of persons medically examined during 1933 was 233,022 or an average of 638 examinations per day.

252. Seventy-six vessels were fumigated during the year. Fumigations are carried out by a private company but each operation is supervised by a Health Officer.

EMIGRATION.

253. The Asiatic Emigration Ordinance No. 30 of 1915 re- quires that emigrant ships shall have:-

(1) Proper and sufficient living accommodation. (2) Proper and sufficient sanitary requirements. (3) Proper and sufficient hospital accommodation. (4) A sufficient supply of drugs, medical equipment

and disinfectants.

254. It also makes provision for :-

(1) A proper diet scale.

(2) The prevention of the export of the unfit.

(3) The prevention of the export of infectious disease.

255. The Vaccination Ordinance, 1923, requires that all emigrants from the Colony shall be protected against small-pox by vaccination.

256. The duty of carrying out the sanitary and medical inspection and for vaccinating those who are insufficiently pro- tected falls on the Port Health Authorities.

257. Emigrants are classified as:-

(a) Free emigrants or those who pay their own

passages.

(b) Assisted emigrants or those whose passages are paid

by their prospective employers.

(c) Women and children.

M 63

258. The total number of emigrants examined during the year was 64,181 of whom 63,778 were free and 403 assisted. The number of rejections was 87.

259. Owing to the continued trade depression in Malaya, the Government of that country restricted the number of Chinese immigrants from Hong Kong and China.

and China. This restriction contributed largely to the reduction of total emigrants for the year to 64,181. This figure shows a very marked decrease in numbers of emigrants compared with 105,727 for 1931, 193,209 for 1930, 235,554 for 1929 and 288,745 for 1927.

VACCINATION.

260. The Government Vaccinators are members of the Port Health staff and work under the general supervision of the Port Health Officer. They work at the Vaccination Centre and on board ships and wherever needed. The number of vaccina- tions performed by three officers at the centres was 69,312 of which 5,324 were emigrants.

Table I.

SHOWING EMIGRANTS PASSES AND REJECTIONS FOR 1932.

Port of Destination.

Passenger.

Crews.

Rejected.

Straits Settlements

20,324

2,141

3

Canada

2,993

12,287

United States of America...

3,565

10,216

2 2

23

21

Honolulu

638

2

Dutch East Indies

22,296

11,209

23

British North Borneo

2,397

2,075

Shanghai and Japan.....................

6,410

I

Australia

594

2,593

South Sea Islands....

551

80

I

Manila

13

India

3,354

10,637

7

Panama

199

105

Mauritius

380

169

Reunion

233

Madagascar

84

ZII

Jeddah

84

68

England

13

...

Total

64,181

54,032

87

"

M 64

Table II.

SHOWING MONTHLY RETURNS OF EMIGRANTS, Crews and

REJECTIONS.

Month.

Pas- Ships Fxamined. sengers.

Crews.

Rejected

January

18

2,171

3,050

4

February

19

3,859

3,586

I

March

31

6,609

5.468

14

April....

24

5,352

4,144

4

May

27

5,452

4,642

June

27

4,700

4,676

9

July

27

5,618

5,157

8

August

27

4,948

4,625

II

September..

28

5,482

4.910

37

4

October

28

6,797

4,728

I

November.

27

7.349

4,666

December ...

27

5,844

4,380

Total.......

310

64.181

54,032

87

Table III.

DISEASES..

No. REJECTED.

Skin Diseases:

Scabies

Furunculosis

Urticaria

Impetigo contagiosa

Eye Diseases: -

Trachoma

Conjunctivitis

Infectious Diseases :-

Smallpox

Smallpox contacts

.....

8

3

1

1

39

3

3

2

Chickenpox

3

Measles

1

Measles contacts

5

Cerebro-spinal fever

1

Leprosy

3

Fever

9

Syphilis

3

Debility

1

Toxic vomiting

1

Total

87

7

-

M 65

Table IV.

SHIPS DETAINED IN QUARANTINE.

Date of

Date of

Name of Vessel.

From which Port.

arrival in

Cause.

Cases.

departure

Quar-

from Quar-

antine.

antine.

Talma.........

Norviken .

Pembrokeshire

Calcutta

Smallpox

1

22 2 33

22.2.33

Canton

Suspected

Smallpox

1

14.11.33

15.11.33

Shanghai

Smallpox

1

10.12.33 10.12.33

Table V.

SHOWING THE NUMBER OF PASSENGERS, CREW AND SHIPS ARRIVING IN QUARANTINE EACH MONTH, 1933.

January

February

March April May

Month.

June July

August

September

October

November

December

Total

No. of Passengers.

No. of Crews.

No. of Ships..

6,884

5,500

55

13,877

6,683

71

16,388

6,902

92

13.450

7,640

90

13.397

8,476

IOI

9,381

5,963

66

92

87

I

...

5

84

73,474

41,335

477

Table VI.

SHOWING QUARANTINE NOTIFICATIONS ISSUED BY THE. HONG KONG

GOVERNMENT FOR 1933.

Port or Locality.

Disease.

Date of Notifica- tion.

Date of cancella- tion.

"

Swatow

Smallpox Jan., 9th 1933.

June, 22nd 1933.

>

M 66

SECTION V.

MATERNITY AND CHILD WELFEARE.

261. MATERNITY HOSPITAL ACCOMMODATION.

Hospital.

Authority in control.

Beds,

Government Civil

Government Medical Dept.

22323

21

Victoria

Tsan Yuk

Do.

Do.

32



Chinese Committee.

45

Wanchai

Do.

31

4

Tung Wah

Do.

24

Tung Wah Eastern .....

Do.

18

Kwong Wah

Do.

59

Alice Memorial

London Mission.

14

St. Paul's

French Mission.

Canossa

Italian Mission.

1

Matilda

Board of Trustees.

8

War Memorial

Do.

6

Yeung Wo

Yeung Wo Directors.

6

Total..

274

The maternity hospitals will be described under Section VI.

262. During the year the St. John Ambulance Brigade maintained four small lying-in hospitals in the New Territories. These were situated respectively in the villages of Kam Tin, Sha Tau Kok, Tsun Wan and Cheuny Chau,

-

- M 67

MIDWIVES.

263. Under the Midwives Ordinance of 1910 'No one whose name is not on the Midwives Register may practise midwifery habitually for gain or describe herself as one especially qualified to carry on the work of a midwife.’

264. Training Schools for Midwives have been established at the Alice Memorial, Tsan Yuk, Tung Wah, Tung Wah Eastern, Kwong Wah and Government Civil Hospitals.

265. The course of training is as follows:

(a) for those who have less than two years general training two years at a Maternity Hospital recog- nised as such by the Board.

(b) for those who have had two years training in general nursing one year at a recognised mater- nity hospital.

(c) for those who have had four years training in general nursing six months at a recognised mater- nity hospital.

266. During 1933 thirty-nine candidates satisfied the ex- aminers and were registered.

267. The total number on the Midwives Register at the end of 1933 was 287 (248 in 1932).

268. The number of midwives on the Government Medical Establishment was increased from seven to eight by the ap- pointment of a midwife to Kowloon City. The services of these midwives are free to those who cannot afford to pay a fee. Four midwives were detailed for duty in connection with Chinese Public Dispensaries (Yaumati, Shaukiwan, Aberdeen and Kow- loon City) and four for duty in the New Territories (Un Long, Tai Po, Cheung Chau and Tai O).

269. During the year 1,605 cases were attended by Govern- ment midwives being an increase of 309 on last year's total of 1,296. Of these 107 were cases attended by the newly appoint- ed midwife at Kowloon City. The number of cases taken by the midwives at Aberdeen and Shaukiwan respectively showed a considerable increase on the figures for 1932. This would in- dicate a growing tendency for the boat population to seek scien- tific treatment.

M 68

ANTE-NATAL AND INFANT WELFARE WORK.

270. The ante-natal and infant welfare centres in the Colony are:

The Government Infant Welfare Centre, Wanchai.

The Tung Wah Hospital Centre.

The Tsan Yuk Hospital Centre.

The Alice Memorial Hospital Centre.

The Military Centre.

271. Infants are of course seen and treated at all hospitals both as inpatients and outpatients and at all the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

272. With regard to the New Territories, Government has made provision for infant welfare at the two Government Dis- pensaries. The Government Travelling Dispensary which stops at road-side villages dispenses advice and medicines free. Two new Government Centres were in course of erection during the year, one the Lady Ho Tung Welfare Centre near Ko Tung, the other the Ruttonjee Dispensary at Sham Tseng.

273. The St. John Ambulance Brigade have established ten centres in the New Territories where infants and mothers can receive treatment.

THE GOVERNMENT INFANT WELFARE CENTRE.

274. This centre which is the first established by Govern- ment occupies the ground floors of two adjacent shop houses which were rented for the purpose. It is situated at eastern end of Victoria in the area lately reclaimed from the sea in the district of Wanchai.

275. The premises consist of a waiting room communicating by a door in the party wall with the demonstration room, the front part of the latter being partitioned off to form a small consulting room, the remaining small rooms comprise the creche, the dispensary, and the amah's quarters.

276. The staff consists of one Lady Medical Officer, one Chinese nurse, one interpreter, one dispenser and one amah. In addition the centre has had valuable assistance from number of voluntary workers whose help has been greatly appreciated.

a

277. The Centre was opened to the public on the 25th of April 1932. From its inception the attendances increased daily. The following table shows the monthly attendance figures.

י

- M 69

1933

1932

Month.

Total At-

Daily

Total At- Daily

tendance Average

tendance Average

January.

586

25.47

February

685

28.54

March

829

30.70

April (one week)

762

34.63

23

3.28

May

868

33.38

319

12.84

June

769

32.04

383

15.95

July

914

36.56

445

17.80

August

1,252

48.15

563

21.05

September.

989

39.56

599

24.12

October

904

37.66

667

26.68

November

981

39.24

647

25.88

December

1,922

42.58

675

27.00

278. The total number of infants under supervision during the year was 1,200 and the total attendance 10,561.

279. It was found that the attendance varied greatly from day to day due principally to variations in the weather conditions, but a total of 73 infants was recorded on one day.

280. Of the 1,200 infants seen, 1,126 lived in the immediate neighbourhood of Wanchai. The remaining were brought from the following districts:

Central district Victoria

18

West Point

.18

Shaukiwan

.10

Boat population

6

Yaumati district Kowloon

5

Mongkok district Kowloon

2

Hung Hom district Kowloon

4

Kowloon City district Kowloon

6

Cheung Chau

2

Macao

1

Canton City (Kwantung. Province China).............. 2

Total

.74

M 70

281. The following were the most prevalent ailments:

Malnutrition.

Conjunctivitis.

Bronchitis.

Feeding disorders.

Thrush.

Eczema and skin troubles. Multiple boils.

282. All cases which would ordinarily be treated in an Outpatient Department were treated at the Centre. A limited number of infants are kept at the Centre, five cots being allotted for this purpose. Cases which required inpatient hospital treat- ment were recommended for admission to the hospital.

283. To those who do not understand the local situation it is necessary to explain that advice without treatment offers little attraction to the Chinese mothers and an infant welfare centre in Hong Kong without facilities for treatment would be little patronised.

284. The majority of infants seen at the Centre for the first time were suffering from incorrect feeding in addition to the disease for which they were brought for treatment.

The feeding of infants who are not taking their mothers' milk presents difficulties. In some cases the parents can afford to buy an inferior quality of condensed milk and in others they cannot afford milk of any kind. Cases of poverty are referred to the Society for the Protection of Children who assist so far as their funds allow. The co-operation of this Society has been most valuable.

285. The Centre has been an unqualified success and its popularity is on the increase. The accommodation is now too small for the work being done. When the new Health Centre, which has been promised by certain benevolent Chinese gentle- men, is established in the neighbourhood it will contain adequate accommodation for this branch of public health activity.

There can be no doubt that similar institutions conducted on parallel lines would be popular in other districts.

THE TUNG WAH INFANT WELFARE CENTRE.

286. The Tung Wah Infant Welfare Centre is held every Wednesday morning under the supervision of the Western trained medical officers. The babies

The babies are weighed and the mothers advised concerning feeding and care of infants. The total number of attendances was 1,270, that for 1932 was 1,103.

M 71

THE TSAN YUK INFANT WELFARE CENTRE & ANTE-NATAL CLINICS.

287. The Infant Welfare Clinic which is held every Friday morning and which is conducted by one or more of the Govern. ment Lady Medical Officers is restricted to babies who have been born in the hospital. The number of new cases was 496 and the number of old cases 1,495. The average attendance per clinic was 41.47.

288. The ante-natal clinic has been in existence for more than three years and the number of cases is increasing gradually. The total number of patients who attended the clinic was 170 and the total number of visits paid was 263. The Chinese look upon pregnancy as a normal occurrence and as a rule they come to the clinic only to find out the probable date of delivery. Of the 168 patients who were diagnosed pregnant at the clinic, only 42 appeared again before labour.

THE ALICE MEMORIAL INFANT WELFARE CENTRE.

289. The Alice Memorial Infant Welfare Centre like that at the Tsan Yuk deals with babies who have been born in the hospital. With regard to ante-natal there were 200 first visits by expectant mothers and 80 return visits. With regard to Infant Welfare activities there were 339 first visits and 579 return visits.

M 72

SECTION VI.

HOSPITALS, INSTITUTES, ETC.

GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS.

290. The Government Hospitals are:-The

Government

Civil Hospital, the Victoria Hospital, the Kowloon Hospital, and the Infectious Diseases Hospital.

Government Civil Hospital.

291. The Government Civil Hospital, which was built in 1874 and which occupies a site in the middle of the most populous area, is the largest Government hospital in the Colony. It has accommodation for 246 patients, including the 21 mater- nity beds, which are in a Bungalow separated from the main buildings. The majority of the maternity beds and about 100 beds in the main building are under the control of the Clinical Professors of the Hong Kong University, who have been ap- pointed respectively Physician, Surgeon, and Obstetric Physician to the hospital and who are responsible to the Director of Medical and Sanitary Services for the duties they perform in the hospital. They have also been appointed consultants to Government. The University Clinic do all the outpatient work except that connected with the Venereal Diseases Clinic which is attended to by the Government Venereal Diseases Specialist.

292. Dr. J. E. Dovey was the Medical Officer in charge during the year. Dr. G. H. Thomas and Dr. A. Wong were assisting.

293. The number of inpatients, exclusive of those in the maternity block, was 5,113 (4,876 in 1932), of which 901 were treated by the University staff and 4,212 by the Government Medical Officers.

294. The 901 patients treated by the University staff were made up as follows:-

Medical cases

Surgical cases

Gynaecological cases

429

356

116

295. The daily average number of inpatients was 190, that

for the previous year was 197.

M 73

296. The nationality of the patients was:-

European

Indian

Chinese

Russian

Other Asiatics

420

1,216

3,397

24

56

5,113

297. A large proportion of the total patients receive treat- ment free of charge.

298. There were 262 deaths and of these 177 occurred within 24 hours of admission. The case death rate was 51.24 per mille (70.3 per mille in 1932).

299. 1,169 major operations were performed (915 in 1932). Of these 715 were from the Unviersity Surgical Clinic. 114 from the University Gynaecological Clinic and the remaining 340 were performed by the Government Medical Officers.

300. There were 934 accidents of a nature so serious as to require treatment as inpatients (737 in 1932).

301. Police Wards.-The total number of admissions and deaths were as follows:-

Admissions. Deaths.

British

78

1

Russian shipguards Indian's

13

554

6

Chinese (Cantonese)

86

1

Chinese (Wei-hai-wei)

133

Total

864

302. The daily average number of Government Servants treated by the Government Medical Officers as outpatients was 32 (28 in 1932).

303. Outpatients Department.-This department is open both morning and afternoon. The number of attendances, ex- clusive of Venereal Diseases cases, was 51,925 (47,627 in 1932). In addition there were 14,618 attendances for dressing (17,313 in 1932). The number of prescriptions dispensed was 63,262 (52,838 in 1932). The number of vaccinations was 2,530.

M 74

MATERNITY BUNGALOW AT THE GOVERNMENT CIVIL HOSPITAL.

304. The Bungalow has accommodation for twenty-one patients and is mainly for the use of Asiatic women.

305. There are three general wards with a total of sixteen beds, two private wards with two beds each and one isolation ward with one bed.

306. The majority of patients are under the care of the Professor of Obstetrics of the University he being at the same time Obstetric Physician to the Government Civil Hospital.

307. The admissions during the year were 912 (870 in 1932), making a total of 932 cases treated. There were altogether 832 deliveries of which 212 cases were under the care of the Govern- ment Medical Officers and 620 under the Professor of Obstetric and his Assistants.

The daily average number of patients in the hospital was 15 excluding infants.

308. The Nationalities of the patients were as follows:

English Portuguese

Japanese

Indians

Chinese

Total

1

1

10

40

....

780

832

There were two Maternity deaths, one from Septicaemia and one from Myocarditis. Five infants were stillborn and 19 died.

309. The reports of the Professors in charge of the various University Clinics will be found in the Appendix.

THE MENTAL HOSPITAL.

310. The Mental Hospital which is an annex to the Govern- ment Civil Hospital has accommodation for 14 Europeans and 18 Asiatics.

311. This institution is intended for use only as a temporary abode for the mentally affected pending arrangements being made for their transfer to Europe or Canton.

312. The Medical Officer of the Government Civil Hospital is in administrative charge.

1



M 75

PATIENTS.

313. Remaining from 1932

36

Admissions during the year

316

352

Discharged apparently cured

76

Discharged relieved

87

Transferred to the Canton Mental

Hospital ...

143

Died

9

Remaining at end of 1933................

37

352

Daily average number of patients 35.9.

Victoria General and Maternity Hospital.

314. The Victoria Hospital which was originally built for the accommodation of women and children is now a general and maternity institution. Situated in the residential area well above the level of the town it has a clear view across the har- bour of the territory on the opposite side. There are 42 general beds and 32 maternity beds, in separate blocks with entirely separate staff for each building.

315. Dr. I. Newton was Medical Officer in charge during the year.

Dr. P. F. S. Court was Assistant Medical Officer until March 26th when he was relieved by Dr. G. V. A. Griffith.

316. During the year 545 cases were treated, 425 in the General Block and 120 in the Maternity Block. The patients treated in the General Block were men 112, women 218 and children 95. There were 7 deaths.

317. The daily average number of patients exclusive of maternity patients was 18.7.

318. The nationality of those treated was:-

Europeans

Chinese

Other nationalities

378

36

11

Total

425

M 76

THE MATERNITY BLOCK.

319. The number of beds in this hospital is thirty-two.

320. The admissions during the year were 111. The total number of cases treated was 120.

321. There were 87 deliveries with two stillbirths. There was one case of twins. There was no maternal death.

322. The daily average number of patients was 4.4 mothers and 3 infants.

323. The Maternity Block is available for private patients who wish to be attended by their own doctors. Twenty-two patients availed themselves of the privilege.

Kowloon Hospital.

324. This is situated on the mainland and at present con- sists of three blocks:

A. Block containing 28 beds.

B. Block containing 31 beds.

M. Block containing 25 beds and 8 cots.

A. and B. Blocks cater for male patients and M. Block for female patients. M. Block which was opened on 1st April was built for maternity cases but so great was the need for accom- modation of general cases that it had to be used temporarily as a general block.

325. This hospital is being enlarged year by year by the erection of additional blocks, the rate of extension being govern- ed by the financial state of the Colony. It will ultimately be a 500 bed hospital.

326. During the year completed on C. Block, a Assistant Medical Officer. the maternity block will be was built.

building operations were almost nurses hostel and quarters for the With the completion of C. Block used for the purpose for which it

327. Dr. J. T. Smalley, Senior Medical Officer, was absent on leave from March 26th to November 3rd during which time Dr. F. S. Court was in charge assisted by Dr. J. B. Mackie. Dr. C. H. Luk was Chinese Medical Officer.

328. The total number of cases treated in hospital was 2,321

as compared with 2,132 in 1932.

}

M 77

329. The nationalities were made up as follows:-

Europeans

Chinese

Indian's

Others

Males. Females. Total.

461

308

769

1,231

252

1,483

15

7

22

37

10

47

1,744

577

2,821

330. The deaths numbered 124, 99 of these being males and 25 females.

331. The daily average number of patients was 70.9 (65.7 in 1932).

332. During the year 610 operations were performed under general anaesthesia (724 in 1982).

333. The number of Police admitted was as follows:

Europeans

83

Chinese

Indians

234

2

OUTPATIENTS DEPARTMENT.

334. The number of outpatients' visits recorded as pared with previous years were as follows:

com-

1929. 1930. 1931.

1932.

1933.

New cases

9,987

9,471

9,731 10,447

12,439

Old cases

3,197

3,029 5,333

7,167 7,040

Dressings

3,086

5,482 6,833

8,111 8,331

Total

..

16,270 17,982 21,897

25,727

27,810

335. In addition 2,371 vaccinations were performed.

336. The number of prescriptions dispensed during the year

was 12,978 (12,377 in 1932).



M 78

Venereal Diseases Clinics.

337. Dr. J. A. R. Selby, Government Venereal Diseases Officer, was in charge during the year.

338. Owing to the increase in work the following additions were made to the staff:

(a) Dr. Cheung Kung Leung (Chinese Medical Officer),

January 1st.

(b) Mr. A. Steven (Technical Assistant), February 10th.

(c) Miss Brown (Nurse), June 16th.

The Government Lady Medical Officers Doctors Lai, Rut- tonjee and Cheng assisted in the clinics for women.

339. There are now three Government V. D. Clinics:

(a) at the Government Civil Hospital.

(b) at the Kowloon Hospital.

(c) at South Kowloon (Tsin Sha Tsui) close to the

docks.

C

ad hoc

340. The South Kowloon Centre which is an clinic was opened in April in a new building specially constructed for the purpose.

341. All treatment is given free of charge.

342. Clinics are held daily as follows:

343. At the Government Civil Hospital.

Monday and Wednesday.-10 a.m. for Chinese. Tuesday.-10 a.m. and 5 p.m. for Europeans. Thursday.-10 a.m. for Indians.

Friday.-10 a.m. for women only.

344. At the Kowloon Hospital:-

On Tuesday afternoons for males and on Friday after- noons for women.

345. At the South Kowloon Centre:-

·---

Mondays 10 a.m. and Thursdays 2 p.m. for Indians. Mondays 2.30 p.m. for women only.

Tuesdays 10 a.m. and Fridays 2.30 p.m. for Chinese

males.

Tuesdays 2.30 p.m. and Saturdays 10.30 a.m. for

Europeans.

This Clinic is open daily from 8 a.m. to noon and from 1 p.m. to 8 p.m. for the treatment of males and from 12 noon to 1 p.m. for the treatment of females. A dresser is in charge of male treatments and a nurse is in charge of female treat- ments.

---

...

M 79

346. The total number of new cases treated was 4,331 as compared with 2,881 in 1932 and 1,966 in 1931.

The total number of attendances was 17,143 as compared with 10,733 in 1932 and 6,392 in 1931. Of these males number- ed 13,755 and females 3,388.

347. The nationality and sex of those treated at the above clinics were as follows:

1932.

1933.

Male. Female.

Male. Female.

Europeans

123

4

157

4

Chinese

2,158

437

2,998

1,027

Indians

150

2

141

4

}

Japanese

7

0

0

Total

2,438 443

3,296

1,035

348. The diseases treated :-

1932.

1933

Male.

Female.

Male.

Female.

Syphilis

1,472

199

1,649

398

Chancroid

205

3

132

Gonorrhoea

331

86

358

240

Syphilis with Gonorrhoea...

108

96

122

53

Chancroid and Gonorrhoea.

9

Observation

249

59

948

343

Other diseases

64

42

1

Total

2,438

443

3,296 1,035

349. 5,559 specimens of blood were sent to the Bacteriological Institute for Wassermann test, the result being as follows:-

Males Females

Total

Strong positive....

1,856

429 2,285

Positive

343

85

428

Weak positive

292

98

490

Doubtful

359

70

429

Negative

1,486

541

2,027

Total

4,336

1,223 5,559

M 80

350. 9,226 injections of N.A.B. and 636 injections of Bismuth were given to outpatients.

351. 23 cases of gonorrhoea received 184 treatments with diathermy in the Radiological Department with satisfactory re- sults.

352. 24 beds were reserved for V.D. male cases in the G.C.H

and these were kept full throughout the year. There are at pre- sent no beds reserved for female cases and such are badly needed.

TSAN YUK HOSPITAL V.D. CLINIC.

353. A clinic for Chinese women suffering from venereal dis- eases was held weekly by the Government Lady Doctors, Mrs. Dovey, Miss Lai and Miss Ruttonjee.

354. 454 new patients were treated. There was a total of 1,394 attendances (2,253 in 1932).

355. The diseases treated were as follows:-

Syphilis

Syphilis with gonorrhoea.

Gonorrhoea

Soft Chancre

No apparent disease

Total

1933. 1932.

85

76

69

185

151

271

149

120

454

652

356. 388 injections of N.A.B. were given.

357. 410 specimens of blood were sent to the Bacteriological Institute for examination with the following results:

Positive

Negative

Doubtful

Total

149

252

9

410

358. 5,885 injections of N.A.B. and 222 injections of Bis- muth were given to outpatients.

359. The falling off in the numbers treated at the Clinic is due to the fact that cases of Venereal Disease discovered at the Chinese Public Dispensaries Gynaecological Clinics in Kowloon which formerly were sent to the Tsan Yuk after the opening of the "ad hoc" centre at South Kowloon were sent to that in- stitution.

1

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GYNAECOLOGICAL CLINICS AT THE CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES.

360. Once a week at each of the Chinese Public Dispensaries a 'Gynaecological' Clinic was held by one of the Government Lady Medical Officers. It is estimated that at least fifty per cent of the cases attending were suffering from Venereal Disease in one or other form.

HOSPITAL OUTPATIENT TREATMENT.

361. Venereal cases were seen at the outpatient departments of the various hospitals and dispensaries.

X-Ray, Massage and Electro-Therapeutic Branch.

362. Dr. Pringle was in charge of this branch during the year. He was assisted by Mr. J. Skinner, M.S.R., B.P.A. as Radio- grapher, Miss C. S. Mackenzie as X-Ray Sister, and Miss L.M. Siggins, C.S.M.M.G., B.P.A.; and Miss M. H. Hughes C.S.M.M.G., B.P.A. as Masseuses and Electro-therapists.

363. Following the experience obtained in training Chinese nurses in Massage etc. Miss E. Anderson was accepted for training and made satisfactory progress. It is felt that more pupils could with advantage be taken for training but the lack of fixed appoint- ments for qualified masseuses acts as a determent to recruiting.

364. The increase in the work of all branches noted in 1932 was maintained. The following table shows the figures for the three years, 1931, 1932 and 1933:

1931.

1932. 1933.

Massage and electrical treatment ... Radiological examinations ·.

6,239

9,498 10,579

2,464

2,696 3,076

Films exposed

3,653 4,521 5,477

365. Of the total radiological examinations 2,652 were done at the Government Civil Hospital and 424 at the Kowloon Hospi- tal. The reasons for this difference are that the staff is concen- trated at the G.C.H. and the apparatus and accommodation at the Kowloon Hospital are inadequate.

366. The apparatus at Kowloon is old and constantly going out of order. In spite of repairs and renewals made during the year it never seemed to be satisfactory for any length of time. An unfortunate series of breakages of tubes caused it to be operated with non-standard tubes which further reduced its efficiency.

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367. Considering the population of Kowloon is almost 300,000 facilities for X-Ray work should be improved. It is most import- ant that there should be in this large City up to date and efficient apparatus.

368. Of the total number of massage and electrical treat- ments 5,432 were carried out at the Government Civil Hospital, 3,634 at the Kowloon Hospital and 1,513 at the Victoria Hospital.

369. There is great need for more extensive and appropriate accommodation for X-Ray, massage and electro-therapy work both at the Government Civil Hospital and at Kowloon. At Kowloon the situation is particularly bad and it will be worse when the new wards are open and working at their full capacity.

370. Considerable use was again made of the radium lent by the Matilda Hospital. A special safe for the storage of such was obtained during the year and the system of checking the issues and returns was revised to minimise risk of loss.

Government Dispensaries.

371. The Dispensaries maintained by Government during the year under review were the Taipo Dispensary and the Un Long Dispensary, both in the New Territories. Details with regard to these will be found in Section X which deals with the New Terri- tories.

The Government Infectious Diseases Hospital.

372. This was originally a Folice Station but was adapted as a hospital and has accommodation for 26 beds in six wards. The hospital is situated very close to the extreme western end of the Island and next door to the Tung Wah Smallpox Hospital. It is admirably situated for its purpose being more or less isolated yet convenient for access by ambulance, by bus, or by launch.

373. During the year the hospital was under the charge of Dr. G. V. A. Griffith who supervised the work there in addition to his other duties.

374. During the year there were 24 admissions and 7 deaths. The following table shows the nature of the diseases and the cause of death.

Diseases

Admission Death

Death Rate

Smallpox.. Leprosy Chicken Pox Observation

13

3722

her

5

38.53 per cent

2 28.57

""

M 83

THE CHINESE HOSPITAL AND DISPENSARIES.

375. The Chinese Hospitals and Chinese Dispensaries are institutions established by the Chinese for the benefit of the poor of Chinese nationality. Intended to be additional to, not in sub- stitution of, the Government Hospitals they serve a very useful purpose not only in the matter of medical relief but in that of health education.

376. An enormous and ever-increasing number of sick too poor to pay a doctor's fee or to buy proper medicine, are success- fully reached.

377. There are three general hospitals, one smallpox hospital, two maternity hospitals and nine public dispensaries.

They are maintained by subscriptions from the public, by donations from the Chinese General Charities Fund and by direct grants from Government. They are controlled by Chinese Com- mittees who work in close co-operation with the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

378. In the three big hospitals the patient can choose be- tween Western and Chinese methods of treatment, but in the Maternity Hospitals and Dispensaries Western Medicine only is practised. Government Lady Doctors hold gynaecological clinics in each of the dispensaries once or twice a week.

379. Both Hospitals and Dispensaries are subject to inspec- . tion by the Government Medical Department. There are four officers of the Department who duty it is to visit the various in- stitutions and to give advice and assistance. These officers work ir close touch with the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

THE CHINESE HOSPITALS.

380. The Tung Wah Hospital situated in the centre of the most thickly populated area in Victoria was founded by the Chinese in 1873 with the help and encouragement of the Govern- inent. It took the place of a Home for the Dying which had been conducted by charitable Chinese, and it was intended to provide treatment by Chinese herbalists, and accommodation in sanitary surroundings for the poor of the Chinese race.

381. Originally intended for the accommodation and treat- ment of those Chinese whose fears and prejudices against West- ern medicine prevented their applying for relief at the Govern- ment Hospitals the Tung Wah at a later period introduced and encouraged scientific methods. As prejudice disappeared and confidence grew the demand for Western medicine increased until now the number being treated by this method equals that which still pins its faith to the plasters and decoctions of the herbalists.

M 84

382. The Tung Wah Smallpox Hospital situated at the

· extreme West end of Victoria was erected in 1902.

383. The Tung Wah Eastern Hospital situated at the ex- treme East end of Victoria was opened in 1929.

384. The Government gave the sites and with grants of money assisted in the erection of the buildings.

385. The Kwong Wah Hospital situated in the Central dis- trict of Kowloon was built in 1911 to meet the needs of those resident in the peninsula. The funds for its erection were raised

by public subscription.

386. In administrative control of the four hospitals is the Tung Wah Committee, a body of Chinese gentlemen elected each year by the subscribers.

387. The activities of the Chinese Hospitals include:-

(a) The care of the sick and treatment by Western methods or Chinese methods according to the wish of the patients. (b) Maternity benefits and infant welfare by Western me-

thods only.

(c) Vaccination.

(d) Health propaganda.

(e) Assistance to the destitute.

(f) The provision of coffins for and the burial of the dead.

388. Much progress has been made in all departments of the hospitals during the last few years. These improvements in- clude: :-

(a) The appointment of University graduates as full time

Resident Medical Officers.

(b) The foundation of training schools for female nurses. (c) Extensions and improvements in the male nursing

section.

(d) The establishment of clinical laboratories.

(e) The provision of radiological apparatus.

The establishment of up-to-date operating theatres.

(g) The purchase of motor ambulances.

(h) Improvements in the accommodation for patients.

(i) Improvements in quarters for the staff.

389. Today each of the three Chinese Hospitals has a good operating theatre where operations are performed daily, many of which are major in character.

- M 85

390. In charge of the medical side (Western) of each hospital is a Medical Superintendent, a graduate of the University, whose salary is paid by Government, and who is a member of the Medical Department.

The Tung Wah Hospital.

391. The year 1933 witnessed the demolition and reconstruc- tion of a considerable portion of this institution. Established in 1870 and added to from time to time it had become a confusing assemblage of buildings some of which were much below the standard required in a modern hospital or infirmary. As men- tioned in the 1932 annual report the wards were, many of them, old dark and in some respects insanitary but they provided shelter food and medical attendance for many sufferers who would other- wise have had no means of relief.

392. Nothing short of demolition and reconstruction could make the place satisfactory. There were of course sentimental objections to the demolition of the fine old assembly hall where year after year the directors had met and discussed the problems confronting them, but space was very limited and it was not pos- sible to retain the old hall and at the same time erect a building which would meet the requirements of the situation. It was decided therefore to raze the hall and the insanitary buildings and construct in their place a six story modern hospital incorporating in it a new assembly hall.

393. The plans for a proposed six story building showed wards having a width of 30 feet, an uneconomical utilisation of space unless it was the intention to place down the centre a third row of beds, an arrangement objectionable from the sanitary point of view. It was explained by Mr. M. K. Lo who represented the Directors that there was no intention of interposing a third row of beds and the plans were accordingly passed.

394. The plans were passed in July and by 24th of the same month the central hall and certain of the wards had been pulled down. Work was carried on both by day and by night and such progress was made that on the 17th of October the corner stone was laid by His Excellency the Governor. By the end of the year the walls of the main block had been carried up to the full height and roofed over.

395. During the course of operations the hospital machinery was unavoidably upset, and temporary accommodation had to be provided for those displaced. The number of beds was reduced to 438.

396. The staff consists of a Chinese Medical Officer of the Government Medical Department and three Resident Medical Officers whose salaries are paid by the Hospital. There are in addition a number of Chinese Herbalists who practise Chinese medicine for the benefit of those who prefer that treatment.

397.

1933

1932

M 86

Inpatients (General).

Western Chinese Maternity Total. treatment. treatment. Cases.

5,588

4,491

1,600

11,679

5,918

5,086

1,560 13,564

398. There were 890 operations including many major ones.

399.

Outpatients (General).

1933

1932

Western Chinese Total. treatment. treatment.

28,443 179,821 208,264 34,095 185,273 219,368

400.

Eye Clinic.

1933

12,540

1932

13,022

401.

Baby Clinic.

1933

1,270

1932

1,486

402.

Deaths.

Brought in dead.

1933

2,249

1,042

1932

1,869

1,013

403. A large proportion of the deaths in the Hospital occur within 24 hours of admission. The sick poor go there to die. 511 were brought in moribund as compared to 649 in 1932. Those brought in dead include bodies sent from ships in harbour, from neighbouring hospitals, from the Public Dispensaries and from private houses. All are taken to the Tung Wah for the benefit of free coffining and free burial.

404. At the Nursing Board examination held in December 14 nurses entered for the preliminary test, of which twelve passed in all subjects, one passed in half and the other failed. This is the first time nurses from the Tung Wah Hospital group have pre- sented themselves for the Board's examination. The results are highly satisfactory.

The Kwong Wah Hospital.

405. This hospital does for Kowloon and the Peninsula what the Tung Wah and Tung Wah Eastern do for the island of Hong Kong. There is official accommodation for about 326 beds of which 229 are for general diseases, 40 are for tuberculosis cases and 59 are for maternity cases. There are 18 private wards including 7 for maternity cases.

M 87

406. The accommodation cannot keep pace with the growth in population. Kowloon has considerably more than doubled itself during the last ten years. No patient is turned away for want of room and in both medical and surgical wards it is common to find two in a bed, and others sleeping on the floor.

407. The staff consists of a Senior Resident Medical Officer whose salary is paid by the Government, and three Junior Medical Officers paid by the Directors.

408. There are also a number of Chinese Herbalists who practise Chinese medicine and are paid out of Hospital funds.

409. The patients, on admittance, can choose whether they desire treatment on Western or Chinese lines.

410.

1933

1932

Inpatients.

Western Chinese Maternity Total. treatment. treatment. Cases.

6,082 3,195 4,006 13,283

9,517 2,339 3,327 15,183

411. There were 261 major operations, the number for 1932 being 255.

412.

1933

1932

Outpatients.

Western Chinese Total. treatment. treatment.

40,373 114,627 155,000 40,537 97,398 137,935

413. There were 1,824 eye cases as compared with 2520 for the previous year.

414. The number of deaths in hospital was 3,382. As in the Tung Wah, the number of deaths is influenced by many factors which have nothing to do with treatment in the hospital.

415. There is a small laboratory where facilities are available

for ordinary routine microscopic examination.

416. A children's clinic is held twice a week. attendance is 18.

The average

There is also an antenatal clinic held once a week in the Maternity Block. The number of cases seen was 232.

M 88

The Tung Wah Eastern Hospital.

417. This Hospital continues to do very good work. It serves the useful purpose of reminding the older foundation-the Tung Wah-what it is possible for a Chinese Hospital to be. Every- thing is new and clean and it had the advantage of starting fresh in up-to-date buildings.

418. The staff consists of a Chinese Medical Officer paid for by Government, and two Junior Doctors appointed by the Direc- tors of the Tung Wah.

419. For the greater part of the year the official number of beds was 254. Actually these numbers were augmented by canvas camp beds where the pressure of cases was heavy. With the camp beds the total number which can be accommodated is at least 300.

420. The hospital is now completed and is a model of what a charity hospital should be, viz., all space occupied without wast- ing and without overcrowding. Each bed in the general ward has 60 square feet of space only, but such is the plan of the ward and the arrangement of the beds that each of the latter has ample lighting and ventilation.

{

-

421.

Inpatients. Western Chinese Maternity. Total. treatment. treatment.

1933

2,560

2,680

767

6,007

1932

2,690

1,872

588

5,150

422.

Major Operations under

General Anaesthesia.

1933

1932

151

159

423.

1933

1932

Outpatients.

Western Chinese Total. treatment. treatment.

22,211 52,005 74,216

16,012

46,283

62,295

Vaccinations.

1933

1932

443

414

424. The number of children admitted continues to increase

and there is now a large children's ward.

M 89

425. Two wards have been set aside (one male and one female) for patients who are able to make some payment but who cannot afford a private room. The charge in these wards is $1.40 per day including food and medicine. Each patient can if he desires, bring in an attendant to help in looking after him. There are 14 beds in the Male ward and 8 in the Female.

426. There are a number of small private wards where the inclusive fee per day is $3.00. The wards are popular.

427. A ward of 12 beds for the treatment of opium addicts has been set aside since June. These patients are mostly busi- ness men who find they cannot afford the luxury of opium in these days of depression. They appear to be earnest in their desire to rid themselves of their handicap. The course of treat- ment is usually complete within three weeks. The cost is defray- ed by Government. So far 177 cases have undergone the course.

428. Deaths in 1933 numbered 1,166. A large proportion of these died within 24 hours of admission.

429. The improvement in the health of the general staff con- tinues and there were no cases of malaria. The nurses are sup- plied with mosquito nets and take prophylactic doses, of quinine.

The Tung Wah Smallpox Hospital.

430. The Tung Wah Smallpox Hospital, erected in 1902 for the herbal treatment of smallpox cases, consists of six wards arranged in three two-storied blocks and faced by another group of three two-storied blocks intended for staff quarters and for administration purposes.

431. At a distance and separated by a yard are the kitchens, the servants quarters and the mortuary. The whole is contained in a large compound.

All the blocks are connected by covered ways.

432. This hospital at the time of its construction was con- sidered to have all the requirements necessary for the proper treatment of smallpox cases by Chinese methods.

433. There was room for 60 cases without overcrowding but there was no arrangement for heating the wards and no water carriage system.

434. The staff consists of a Chinese coolie as a caretaker and an amah. There is no resident doctor and no clerk and there are

either dressers nor nurses.

M 90

435. A herbalist from the Tung Wah visits daily and pre- scribes infusions but there is no attempt at nursing. Certain hospital clothing is provided but the patients as often as not wear their own clothes.

436. Considered to be a herbalist hospital it is seldom visited by any of the Western-trained Tung Wah staff, and for all prac- tical purposes it is controlled by the caretaker and the herbalist. There being no trained staff resident and the control being sucli as it is there must be grave doubts regarding the efficiency of the disinfection processes and the means taken to prevent dissemina- tion of disease by patients, contacts and formites.

437. 137 cases of smallpox were admitted during the year. There were 78 deaths giving a case death rate of 57 per cent.

438. For some years this institution has been neglected with the result that the fabric is now in a very dilapidated condition.

439. Five years ago an attempt was made at renovation and various rooms in the service blocks were labelled respectively doctor's office, record room, laboratory and dispensary, but no use was made of any of the rooms and they remained unequipped and empty.

440. This year proposals were made for improving the ac- commodation and installing a water carriage system. Proposals were also made for providing a service of properly trained nurses to look after the patients. These proposals were not carried out and at the end of the year nothing had been done.

441. There can be no doubt that conditions at this hospital are unsatisfactory both from the point of view of the patients and that of the public.

The Tsan Yuk Maternity Hospital.

442. The Tsan Yuk Maternity Hospital, which is part of the organisation financed and managed by the Chinese Public Dispensaries Committee, is situated in the most populous district of the town and next door to the Western Dispensary. Its proximity to the University of Hong Kong has made it a convenient centre for the training of Medical Students.

443. By an arrangement with the Committee the whole of the inpatient work is supervised by Dr. R. E. Tottenham, Professor of Obstetrics to the University.

444. The total number of beds is 60 of which 45 are reserved for maternity cases and 15 for gynaecological patients.

445. The total number of deliveries was 1,192 (1,252 in 1932) out of a total of 1,282 cases treated. There were 5 maternal deaths and 53 children were still born.

i

M 91

446. The total number of admissions to the Gynaecological department was 210 and the number of operations performed was 121.

447. There is an out-patient department the clinical work in which is carried out under the supervision of Lady Medical Officers of the Government Medical Department. In addition to the treatment of ordinary gynaecological cases, special clinics are held for ante-natal infant welfare and venereal diseases.

New

Return

Clinic

Average attendance

Total

Total

cases

visits

1933

1932

at clinic

Gynaecological

665

442

24.04

1,107

1,009

Venereal Diseases

454

1,394

38.5

1.848

2,233

Antenatal......

170

93

5.36

263

228

Infant Welfare

496

1,495

41.47

1,991

1,847

448. The drop in the V.D. cases was due to the opening of the "ad hoc" centre in Kowloon.

449. The Infant Welfare Clinic which is held once a week is confined to babies born in the hospital.

The Wanchai or Eastern Maternity Hospital.

450. This hospital, which is connected with the Eastern Dispensary, is in charge of a Western trained Chinese Doctor.

451. The total number of beds was 31. The total number of admissions was 903. There was 1 maternal death.

452. Since this hospital was renovated in 1931 it has maintained a high standard of efficiency and has done remarkably good work in a very crowded district.

The Chinese Public Dispensaries.

453. The origin of the Chinese Public Dispensaries was a movement made in 1904 by certain leading Chinese citizens to stop the practice of dumping dead bodies by providing receiving



M 92

houses for the sick and for the dead which would act also as in- formation bureaux where the poor could obtain advice and assistance in matters connected with :—

(a) the removal of patients to hospital.

(b) certification as to cause of death.

(c) removal of corpses to mortuaries.

(d) supply of coffins and arrangements for burial.

(e) the registration of births.

(f) vaccination.

454. In 1905 two depots were established, the Western and the Eastern, under a Committee, consisting of the Chair- man of the Tung Wah Board of Directors and the two unofficial Chinese members of the Sanitary Board.

455. In immediate charge of each depot was a Chinese doctor qualified in Western medicine and his staff consisted of an English-speaking clerk and a number of subordinates.

456. In 1908 the movement ceased to be connected with the Tung Wah and the Committee became the Chinese Public Dis- pensaries Committee under the Chairmanship of the Registrar General, now the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

457. It was declared at the time that the work of the depots or dispensaries was not hospital work and that the Chinese doctors employed were simply to diagnose disease and not to treat it. However, treatment centres were needed and treat- ment, commenced in a small way, gradually developed until now the principal function of the dispensaries is medical relief.

458. It is worthy of note that as far back as 1896 a Com- mission appointed by Government to advise regarding the Medical Department recommended the establishment under Government control of dispensaries in different parts of Victoria and Kowloon. However, none were built and the Chinese Public Dispensaries to-day occupy the positions which under other cir- cumstances would have been filled by departmental institutions.

459. There are now nine Chinese Public Dispensaries, five on the island of Hong Kong and four in Kowloon. The two original institutions have Chinese maternity hospitals adjacent to them, the Tsan Yuk Hospital and the Wanchai Hospital.

460. Two of the Dispensaries are still housed in rooms attached to temples. Another, that at Aberdeen, consists of two rented shops temporarily adapted for the purpose. Gradually up-to-date buildings are taking the place of the temporary ones.





M 93

-

The Dispensaries at Shaukiwan and Wanchai are excellent buildings of their kind, as are also those of Yaumati and Kow- loon City on the Kowloon side. The Western Dispensary has been much improved. The Central Dispensary is very small for the work it does.

461. This year has been marked by a general increase in the patients of all the dispensaries. Equipment has been im- proved and new instruments purchased. Besides instruments for small minor operations two of the institutions have their own microscopes. It is hoped that in the near future all will be provided with microscopes which are very necessary for diagnosing and differentiating the malaria cases which form such a large percentage of those attending.

462. Sick too serious for outpatient treatment were trans- ported to hospitals by means of ambulances.

463. As mentioned before, once a week at each of the Dis- pensaries a gynaecological clinic is held by one of the Govern- ment Lady Medical Officers. In some there are two clinics a week.

464. Situated in the most thickly populated districts they fulfil a most useful purpose, not only in the treatment of disease but also as foci for the spread of knowledge concerning the cause of disease, and as the means of spread of the value Western drugs and methods both in prevention and cure. During the year very good propaganda work was done by four street orators appointed by the Committee.

465. Last but not least, each dispensary has a room attach- ed to it where dead bodies can be received for transport to the mortuaries preliminary to burial. Coffins are provided free.

SUMMARY OF WORK DONE IN THE DISPENSARIES DURING 1933.

Patients.

Certificate

Patients

Patients

Corpses

Applica-

Dispensaries.

New

cases.

Old

of causes

of death.

sent to

removed to removed to

tion for

Dead

infants

Vaccina-

Gynaecolo 'gical cases

tions.

Hospital.

cases.

Hospital by Hospital or Ambulance. Mortuary.

coffins.

brought to

Dispensary.

seen by

Lady

M 94

Doctor.

Central

19,149

14,559

6

Eastern.

12,219

10,913

4

16

18

Western

12,973

11,262

43

17

2002

41

41

27

4,135

543

26

339

339

Shaukiwan

28,519

26,403

23

69

4

8

888

26

199

5,356

997

303

5,991

1,107*

194

8,756

Aberdeen

1,568

5,339

5,763

68

4

819

Yaumati & Harbour.

441

42,208

33,714

48

Shamshuipo

17,554

10,718

24

76

Hung Hom

11,760

3,030

69

153

Kowloon City

15,940

10,354

89

115

~ 199

27

238

231

11,071

2,449

204

189

12,060

1,420

10

158

150

6,562

584

10

122

122

6,978

550

Total for 1933.

165,661

126,716

322

568

95

1,136

414

1,415

61,728

9,659

Total for 1932.

148,163

119,237

312

501

190

1,090

472

1,398

37,875

9,636

*Carried out at Tsan Yuk.

M 95

SECTION VII.

PRISONS.

466. The principal prison in the Colony is Victoria Gaol where there is accommodation for 650 males. At Lai Chi Kok on the Kowloon side of the Harbour is the Lai Chi Kok Prison where there is accommodation for 600 males. The Female Prison is situated near to the Lai Chi Kok Prison and has ac- commodation for more than 100.

467. All male prisoners are admitted to Victoria Gaol where they are carefully examined by the Medical Officer. Some, including all who are not passed as medically fit, remain in Victoria, others are transferred to Lai Chi Kok. Female prison- ers go direct to the Female Prison.

468. The total number of admissions to all prisons was 11,439 of which 9,698 were males and 1,741 females. Of these 32 were treated as juveniles and 1,133 were fifty years of age

or over.

469. In Victoria Gaol there is a small hospital of 30 beds. At the Lai Chi Kok Prison there are 12 beds for non serious cases, serious cases are transferred to Victoria Gaol Hospital. The Female Prison has 9 beds for sick cases.

470. For cases which require special treatment there are prison wards in the Government Civil Hospital and in the Kow- loon Hospital.

471. Dr. G. V. A. Griffith was Medical Officer to Victoria Gaol throughout the year.

472. Dr. Mackie was Medical Officer to the La Chi Kok Prison and Female Prison until April when he was relieved by Dr. Uttley.

473. Thirty-seven cases including 5 for X-ray examination were removed to the Government Civil Hospital for treatment not available at the Gaol Hospital, while 3 cases were trans- ferred to the Mental Hospital.

474. There were 17 deaths of which 8 were from pulmonary tuberculosis, 2 from valvular heart disease, 2 from lobar pneu monia and 2 suicides.

475. Twenty prisoners were released on medical grounds, all of whom were lepers.

During the year there was one execution,

476.

Death rate

i.e. % of deaths to

total ad-

missions to

prison.

Total

Prison.

Prisoners

admitted.

Daily

average

No. of

inmates.

Total

Daily

Daily

admissions

average

Total Out-

to

Hospital.

No. of

prisoners

in hospital.

average

number

patients.

Deaths due

to disease.

of out-

patients.

Victoria (Male)

Lai Chi Kok (Male)..

9,698

850

1,232

23.85

16,636

56.58

15

9.15

435

420

3.42

3,872

10.63

0.01

Lai Chi Kok (Female)

1,741

187

163

3.63

351

1.51

- M 96

All male prisoners are admitted to Victoria Gaol in the first instance and no prisoner is transferred to Lai Chi Kok unless he is passed medically fit.

Serious cases from Lai Chi Kok are transferred to the Victoria Gaol Hospital for treatment.

M 97

SECTION VIII.

METEOROLOGY.

477. Situated just within the northern limits of the tropics occupying an insular position immediately to the south of the great mass of China, Hong Kong's climate is very materially influenced by the direction of the prevailing winds.

478. The North East Monsoon blows from November to May and during this period the weather is dry, cool and in- vigorating. From May until October, the season of the South West Monsoon, the is highly charged with moisture and the climate is hot.

479. The mean annual temperature is 72°F. During the summer months the average maximum temperature is 87°F. and there is little difference throughout the twenty-four hours. Situated on the north side of the Island the City of Victoria gets all the heat and moisture of the South West Monsoon but not the breeze itself which is cut off by the mountain behind the town. During the winter months the range of temperature is from 70°F. to 45°F. with an average of 66°F.

480. The table on the following page gives the means or totals of the meteorological data for the several months of the year 1933. The data for this table were kindly supplied by the Director of the Royal Observatory, Hong Kong.

METEOROLOGICAL DATA.

The following Table I gives the means, totals or extremes of the Meteorological Data for the several months of the year 1933.

- M 98 -

Temperature.

Humidity..

Wind.

Month.

Barometer

Cloudiness. Sunshine.

Rain.

jat M.S.L.

Mean.

Absolute Mean

Mean.

Mean

Absolute

Rel.

Abs.

Direction. Velocity.

Max.

Max.

Min.

Min.

ins.



p.c.

ins.

p.c.

hours.

ins.

Points.

Miles p.h.

January

30.23

72.5

60.9

55.4

51.5

41.4

75

0.34

87

75.8

0.480

NE

8.2

February

30.07

79.3

65.1

60.0

56.9

53.2

80

0.42

81

97.9

0.100

E

15.8

March

30.06

82.0

69.6

63.6

59.7

47.9

78

0.47

71

131.9

1.015

E/N

12.9

April

29.97

86.6

77.3

71.7

68.3

57.2

82

0.64

76

145.5

1.915

E

12.3

May

29.90

90.0

84.0

78.4

75.1

· 70.7

82

0.80

71

216.8

4.515

E/S

10.8

June

29.73

91.2

87.0

82.6

79.4

73.7

83

0.92

86

153.2

16.440

S

11.7

July

29.75

93.0

87.9

82.3

78.8

75.7

83

0.91

71

209.3

14.310

ESE

9.3

August

29.81.

92.9

89.5

83.9

80.1

76.0

78

0.90

51

299.5

1.735

S/E

9.4

September

29.82

.92.2

87.1

81.9

78.3

74.2

79

0.85

65

193.7

12.580

E/N

11.8

October

29.99

90.0

82.3

76.7

73.1

64.6

71

0.65

64

191.6

3.745

ENE

13.2

November

30.10

82.0

75.3

69.1

65.3

59.3

70

0.50

46

203.4

4.135

ENE

10.8

December 30.10

77.3

70.4

64.8

61.4

55.0

74

0.46

47

207.8

1.375

E/N

10.9

Mean total

29.84

93.0

78.0

72.5

69.0

41.4

78

0.65

68

2,126.4

62.345

E

11.4

or extreme!

1

M 99

SECTION IX.

SCIENTIFIC.

A.-BACTERIOLOGICAL INSTITUTE,

481. The activities of the Institute include:.

(a) the preparation of vaccine lymph. (b) the preparation of sera.

(c) the preparation of bacterial vaccines.

(d) the preparation of rabies vaccine. (e) examination of pathological material.

(f) examination of waters, milks, etc., etc.

(g) medical research.

482. The Institute is under the charge of the Government Bacteriologist who is assisted by the Assistant Bacteriologist and four Laboratory Assistants.

483. Particulars of the work done during the year are contained in the Annual Report of the Bacteriologist which is appended.

B. The Public Mortuaries.

484. There are two public mortuaries, one being situated in Victoria and the other in Kowloon.

485. At these places for the reception of the dead are re- ceived:

(a) bodies from the Chinese Hospitals and Chinese

Public Dispensaries for diagnosis.

(b) bodies forwarded by Convents which have received them either moribund or dead from relatives and friends.

(c) dumped bodies, that is to say, bodies which have been taken from the place of death under cover of the night and dumped in the streets or in the harbour to save the trouble and expense of burial. The great majority of these cases have died a natural death and there is no need for conceal- ment.

(d) bodies sent by the Police for medico-legal examina-

tion.

(e) bodies sent by the Medical Officer of Health for examination for signs of infectious disease or for simple diagnosis.

M 100

486. In all cases where a diagnosis cannot otherwise be made a sectio cadaveris is performed.

487. All dead rats collected by the Sanitary Authorities are taken to the mortuaries for examination with regard to plague.

488. The Public Mortuary, Victoria, is in charge of the Assistant Bacteriologist, but the Public Mortuary, Kowloon, is under a Medical Officer who has been detailed for this work in addition to his other duties.

489.

Public Mortuary, Victoria.

Report on Post-mortem Examinations, 1933:-

Number of examinations performed

Male bodies examined

Female bodies examined

Sex unknown owing to advanced decomposition.

Claimed bodies sent from hospitals, etc.

Unclaimed bodies mostly abandoned

Number of Chinese bodies examined

Number of Non-Chinese bodies examined

Number of bodies under 2 years

of age

Number of bodies over 2 years of

age

2,120

983

1,137

2

102

2,018

2,113

7

Male. Female. Total.

588

978 1,566

290 159

454

490. Bodies were received from the following sources:

Victoria

Harbour Police

Shaukiwan District

Other Villages

Number of rats examined

Number found plague infected

2,042

0

62

16

93,769

Nil.

491.

M 101

Public Mortuary, Kowloon.

Report on Post-mortem Examinations, 1933.

Number of examinations performed

Male bodies examined

Female bodies examined

Bodies of unknown sex (indistinguishable)

Claimed bodies sent from Hospitals, etc.

Unclaimed bodies mostly abandoned

Number of Chinese bodies examined

Number of Non-Chinese bodies examined

2,995

1,648

1,322

25

.......

466

2,529

2,979

16

Un-

Male. Female. known. Total.

Number of bodies under

2 years of age

1,204 1,093 17

2,314

Number of bodies over

2 years of age

422

259

681

Bodies were received from the following sources:

Kowloon District

Harbour Police

Number of rats examined

Number found plague infected

2,806

189

80,231

0

- M 102

SECTION X.

THE NEW TERRITORIES.

PUBLIC HEALTH AND SANITATION.

492. The New Territories comprise the mainland between Kowloon and the Sham Chun River and a number of islands including Lantau which is larger than Hong Kong. The main- land is so indented by bays, harbours and coves that it may be said to consist of a number of irregular peninsulas many of which are almost islands. Both mainland and islands are of similar geological formation, being barren granite hills or mountains separated by fertile valleys.

493. For general administrative purposes the New Territories have been divided into two districts-North and South each under its District Officer. The Northern District which is chiefly mainland is approximately 200 square miles in extent. The Southern District has roughly 100 square miles of which 40 only are mainland the rest being islands.

494. For the purposes of medical administration it has been found convenient to divide the Territories into a Western Medical District and an Eastern Medical District, the boundary line being the range which extends from North to South and which separates the waters running East from those going West or South.

495. The Western District includes the West Coast and the South Coast with the hinterlands stretching back to the hills. The circular road crosses the boundary at the 3rd mile and at the 32nd mile. The islands of Tsing, Lantau, Cheung Chow and Lamma form part of this district.

496. The Eastern District includes the whole of the East Coast with its hinterlands.

497. Each medical district has approximatly 150 square miles.

498. With regard to population the only information avail- able is that contained in the Census Report where the figures refer to police districts only. The populations of the various villages in those districts are not known.. The following is taken from the 1931 Census Report:-

J

M 103 -

Western Medical District.

Police District.

Population.

Mainland:

Tsun Wan

5,335

Ping Shan

12.660

Au Tau

12,877

Lok Ma Chau

4,377

-35,249

Islands:-

Lantau

Tung Chung Cheung Chau

Eastern Medical District.

7,409

1,713

5,477

-14,599

49,848

Police District.

Population.

Mainland:-

Sha Tau Kok

8,941

Sheung Shui

10,208

Taipo

12.684

Shatin

4,346

Saikung

7,585

---43,764

Islands :-

Po Toi Group and

Cheung Kwan O District

3,100

3,100

46,864

499. The population is grouped into villages which are situated mostly on the lower levels, viz., on the flats facing the sea or in the valleys leading up to and between the hills. Some of the villages are easy of access by rail or road but some are only reached after hours of walking and there are those which are only easily accessible by boat.

M 104

500. The rules and regulation's governing village life are nowhere laid down in print but have been handed down from generation to generation. There are no heads of villages ap- pointed by and responsible to Government, for the conduct of village affairs, but there are "Village Elders" who are accepted as arbiters in petty disputes and who have acquired their posi- tions through age, experience, wealth or family rank. These elders have no executive power and are regarded by the villagers and by Government as advisers only.

501. From time to time co-operative efforts are made for the good of the community-some contributing money, some materials and some labour. In this way the paving of streets or paths, the construction of a bridge or the digging of a village well is brought about.

Public Health.

502. There are practically no public health laws in force in the rural areas of the New Territories. The Public Health and Buildings Ordinance of the Colony does not apply and there is no power to ensure notification, isolation or disinfection of disease cases. The Registration of Births and Deaths Ordinance was made applicable in 1911 but was until last year in most villages a dead letter. The vaccination Ordinance applies but there has never been any compulsory vaccination.

503. Figures for diseases incidence and for deaths during the years the New Territories have been under British juris- diction are not available so that death rates and incident rates for particular diseases cannot be calculated. Such being the case the health conditions of the people can only be gauged by inspection and deduction.

504. Past reports of District Officers or of the Police make little mention of diseases or of deaths and the natural conclusion is that there was little out of the normal to note.

505. Enquiries made at the villages elicits little that can be called alarming. Some sick can be found but they are few compared with the number of healthy looking men, women and children one sees going about attending to their various occupations.

506. Near the hills there is a considerable amount of malaria but judging from the appearance of the people the number of chubby children and the lowness of the spleen rates the ravages of this disease are mild when compared with other tropical countries.

507. Abnormalities and accidents in connection with preg- nancy and child birth must occur but from all accounts they are few in proportion to the numbers. of normal cases.

7



M 105

508. Skin diseases there are, but judging from the returns of the dispensaries and travelling dispensary they are not very prevalent.

509. Trachoma varies with the village. In some it is common in others it is not.

510. With regard to Tuberculosis the population is mostly engaged in agriculture or fishing. The people as a whole live an open air life and Tuberculosis cases are not common.

511. Taking everything into consideration there is little evidence that the population of the New Territories is an un- healthy one.

Sanitary History.

512. With regard to sanitary measures which are the con- eern of the District Officers, markets have been constructed at Taipo, Cheung Chau and Un Long. In Taipo and Cheung Chau sanitary organisations have been established consisting in the case of the former of a sanitary squad under a contractor, in the latter of a squad under the Market Committee appointed by the Kai Fong. In the other villages sanitary organisations have not yet been brought into being, and the pigs are still the natural scavengers.

Medical History.

513. The history of medical efforts is as follows:- 1898-Territory taken over by the British.

1900-Government Dispensary established at Taipo and a Chinese M.O. put in charge. He was responsible to the M.O., Kowloon.

1901--Huts for lepers erected at Au Tau.

1911-Leper huts discontinued.

1911-Registration of Births and Deaths Ordinance extend-

ed to New Territories and Police Stations declared to be places for registration. The provisions of the Ordinance were not enforced until 1932.

1914-Government Midwife stationed at Un Long.

1915-Government Midwife stationed at Taipo. 1916-Government Midwife stationed at Tsun Wan. 1917-Government Midwife stationed at Cheung Chau. 1920--A non-Government Chinese Hospital established at Un Long, the Bok Oi, as a herbalist treatment centre and dying house.

M 106

1925-Un Long Dispensary established with a dresser in

charge.

1928-European M.O. appointed with part-time duties in the

New Territories.

1929-Proposals submitted by the Director of Medical and

Sanitary Services for:

(a) Motor Travelling Dispensary for Northern Dis-

trict.

(b) Dispensary Launch for the Islands the boating population and those villages which can only be reached by water.

1930--Government appointed a Committee to make en- quiries into the question of Sanitation and Registra- tion of Births and Deaths in the New Territories.

Periodical visits of medical practitioners to the New Ter- ritories arranged by the New Territories Medical Benevolent Society and the St. John Ambulance Brigade.

1931-First Aid Stations established at Kam Tin and Fan

Ling by St. John Ambulance Brigade.

Medical Benevolent Society increases its activities. 1932-Government placed on the roads a fully equipped motor travelling dispensary for dispensing both medicines and treatment to the villages near the road.

Proposals to provide a Dispensary Launch had to be

postponed owing to the financial crisis.

Proposals to erect dispensaries at Tsun Wan and Cheung Chau were abandoned as the voluntary bene- volent societies had established centres there. Government accepted from Sir Robert Ho Tung a sum of $100,000 and a plot of land for the erection and part maintenance of a Welfare Centre at the 32nd mile near Fanling.

Government, accepted from Mr. Ruttonjee the offer to erect and hand over to the Medical Department a Dispensary at Sham Tseng at the 13th mile West

road.

The New Territories Medical Benevolent Society opened a maternity home at Tsun Wan and centres at Tuen Mun Ping Shan and Shatin.

The St. John Ambulance Brigade opened centres at Taipo, Un Long, San Tin, Sha Tau Kok, Sai Kung and Cheung Chau, and a cottage hospital for women and children at Kam Tin.

An effort was made to enforce the Births and Deaths Ordinance which was applied to the New Territories in 1911 but which up to date had remained a dead letter.

M 107

The Medical Department's Organisation during 1933.

514. Under the scheme for medical expansion the New Territories were divided into Western and Eastern districts with headquarters respectively at Un Long and Taipo. Each district is in charge of a Chinese Medical Officer who is responsible to the Medical Officer of the New Territories.

515. The duties of the District Medical Officer include:-

(1) Supervision of the Government dispensaries in his dis-

trict.

(2) Domiciliary visits to indigent cases too ill to attend the

dispensary.

(3) Emergency calls for all classes.

(4) Accompanying the Travelling Dispensary three times a

week visiting villages in the district.

(5) Reconnaissance and propaganda.

(6) Spleen surveys.

(7) Periodical visits to Police Stations.

516. The Shing Mun Dam area was constituted a special medical district in charge of a special Chinese Medical Officer responsible to the Medical Officer New Territories for general medical work and to the Malariologist for anti-malaria opera- tions.

517. The Staff for the New Territories included:-

1 European M.O. resident in Kowloon.

1 Chinese M.O., 1 dresser and 1 midwife resident at the

Government Dispensary at Un Long.

1 Chinese M.O., 1 dresser and 1 midwife resident at the

Government Dispensary at Taipo.

1 First grade dresser attached to the Travelling Dispensary.

1 Midwife at Cheung Chau.

1 Midwife at Tai 0.

518. There was a fully equipped dispensary at Un Long and another at Taipo, and there were in course of construction up to date health centres and dispensaries at Ku Tung and Sham Tseng.

519. With the completion of the new buildings there will be Government Centres in the South, West, North and East sections of the fifty mile circular road which surrounds the main portion of the mainland of the Territories.

M 108

A

520. The Government Motor Travelling Dispensary which has its own first grade dresser and which carried one or other of the Medical Officers during its peregrinations was on the roads six days a week making by-weekly or tri-weekly visits to all the roadside villages.

521. In addition there were at Shing Mun a full time resi- dent Chinese Medical Officer and three dressers any of whom was available for an emergency.

522. The Government

Government Dispensary Launch for carrying medical assistance to remote villages in the neighbourhood of the coast and to the boat population had been approved and only waited improvement in the financial position to be placed on the stocks.

528. Dr. K. H. Uttley was Medical Officer in Charge of New Territories throughout the year.

Malarial Survey.

524. A spleen rate survey of the school children of the Territories which was started in May was still in progress at the end of the year. Both the M.O. i/e N.T. and the District M.O.s were engaged in this work. It was noted that even in the districts where malaria was reputed to be most prevalent the spleen rate was low-much lower than had been expected con- sidering the character of the country. The one exception to this was the coastal region between Castle Peak and Tsun Wan a narrow strip where the hills slope down to the sea. Here out of 145 school children examined 105 or 73% had palpable spleens.

525. Though spleen rates were low those taken near the hills were always higher than those taken in the open plains. Out of 1,816 children examined who lived in close proximity to the hills 278 or 15.19% had enlarged spleens. Out of 1,191 children examined who lived in the plains 68 or 5.71% only showed signs of spleenic enlargement.

526. Among 375 children palpated on Cheung Chow Island 4 or 1% had spleens large enough to be felt.

527. No opposition was experienced in spleen surveys on the contrary the people showed considerable interest in the proceeding.

M 109

528: A record was kept of those who showing no signs of spleen enlargement had marked pallor. Out of 1,807 children so observed 120 or 6.64% were very pale. It was not ascertain- ed how many, if any, were suffering from hookworm but considering the small number of cases diagnosed in the hospital as harbouring anchylostomes the probability is that in the majority the cause of anaemia was malaria.

Small-pox Survey.

529. While making spleen census note was number of children who were pock marked. children seen, 116 or 4.40% were pock marked.

taken of the Out of 2,635

The Government Travelling Dispensary.

530. The Government Motor Travelling Dispensary was put on the road on the 16th of June 1932. At first it visited all the villages on the road side once or twice a week, later, on representations from the voluntary aid societies it ceased to call at the villages where they had established centres. The usefulness of this well equipped dispensary was thus considerably curtailed for the societies established centres in all the principal villages easy of access and there remained only the smaller hamlets. A Medical Officer and a dresser accompanied it on its rounds. There was a fixed itinerary, and time table so that the people should know where and when to expect it.

531. On Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays it visited the Western District from San Tin to Shing Mun inclusive. On Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays it visited the Eastern District from Sha Tin to Sha Tau Kok and back to San Tin inclusive. In this way there was a minimum of mileage and overlapping and a maximum of hours of work in the villages. 532. The following table shows the results attained.

Year

New Cases

Old Cases and Dressings

Malaria

Total

Cases

1932 (6 months

10,05

5,651

15,709

860

1933

10,523

2,084

12,607

766

Taipo Dispensary.

533. For the greater part of the year the dispensary occupied the ground floor of a shop house on the main road of the village. The mezzanine

floor served as

quarters for the

were too small for

midwife and the medical officer and his family occupied the remainder of the building. The premises the work.

་མ་

M 110

534. On the 1st of November the Government took a lease of three houses on the northern side of the town to serve as a self contained unit comprising:-

(a) a dispensary.

(b) a room for a children's clinic.

(c) a maternity ward.

(d) quarters for the Medical Officer.

(e) quarters for a Midwife.

(f) quarters for a Dresser.

535. The following table shows the extent of the work done

at the dispensary during the year:-

New cases

4,926 as compared with 3,390 in 1932.

Old cases

6,237

2)

Vaccination

2,065

>>

""

"J

4,668 1,345,,

""

""

22

Midwifery cases

111

81

>>

23

"

Un Long Dispensary.

536. The old premises having becomes too small for the pur- pose a new block of three houses on a corner site was taken on lease. As at Taipo the buildings will ultimately provide accom- modation for a dispensary, a children's clinic, a maternity ward, and quarters for the Medical Officer and his staff.

537. The work done by the Un Long Dispensary during the year was as follows:

New cases

Old cases

Vaccinations

Midwifery cases

3,192

3,404

821

122

Medical Officers Visits.

538. During the year the Medical Officer visited all the villages of any size both in the Northern and Southern Districts to investigate the position obtaining in each and to form an opinion as to the need for medical attention. He was struck by the amount of malaria in some sections and its comparative absence in others. It is prevalent in the hilly districts op- posite the middle section of the Fanling-Sha Tau Kok Road and in those south of Un Long.

539. Tai 0.-Tai O, a fishing village of 5,000 inhabitants on the extreme north-west of Lantau Island, was visited once a week where all seeking treatment were treated at the local hall.

M 111

A village elder was always present to see that the patients followed each other quickly and quietly. On an average 30-40 cases were seen each time. Malaria appears to be absent but venereal disease is prevalent. The Government Midwife station- ed in this village attended to 108 cases during the year.

540. Sai Kung.-The St. John Ambulance Branch having established a Centre in this village in May the Government Medical Officer ceased his periodical visits.

New Territories Police Stations.

541. Police Stations were visited at intervals during the year both by the M.O. i/e N.T. and by the District M.O.s. Except at Tsun Wan the health of the men was fairly good.

542. The Malaria incidence figures showed some increase on those of the previous two years.

543. The following are the malaria incidence figures for the last nine years:

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1930

1931

1932

1933

1,205

877

428

278

265

258

148

135

192

514. Many of the Police Stations are screened and every man is provided with a mosquito net. Prophylactic quinine is issued and the living rooms are regularly sprayed with an in- secticide in an endeavour to kill any adult mosquitoes which may be present. The men on night patrol are of course exposed to the bites of mosquitoes.

545. This year it was decided to make a trial of quino- plasmoquine instead of quinine as a drug prophylactic at Tsun Wan Police Station which had the reputation of being the most malarious station in the New Territories. The administration of the new drug commenced in the last week in July and was con- tinued until the end of the year. At the commencement of the experiment the blood of each of the 19 adults who occupied the station was examined for malaria infection. Of these 18 were negative and 1 was positive.

M 112

546. The following was the course adopted:

First five days.-One quino-plasmoquine tablet (containing plasmoquine 1/6 grain and quinine 4 grains) was givén after food three times a day.

Interval of ten days without drugs.

Second five days.-One tablet three times a day.

Subsequently one tablet every evening after food until the

end of the year.

547. Of the 19 who were present at the beginning of the trial 8 were transferred before the end of the year and others came in their places.

548. Results:-

1.-No untoward symptoms were experienced by those

taking the drug.

2.-No case of malaria was admitted to hospital from this

station during the half year of trial.

3. Of the 8 who were transferred and who therefore ceased to take the drug, three subsequently went down with malaria which they might or might not have contracted at Tsun Wan.

Voluntary Effort.

549. At the commencement of 1933 no fewer than 10 medical centres each with its resident staff of nurse midwives had been established by one or other of the voluntary benevolent associations.

550. The following table shows the position of the Centres, the authority in control, the class of establishment and the re- sident staff:

Position.

Authority in control.

Class of establishment.

Resident staff.

lance

Taipo

Un Long Kam Tin

San Tin

St. John Ambu- Dispensary

Do.

Do.

Medical Officer and

midwife

Midwife

Do.

Dispensary and hospital for Midwives - two

women and children

Do.

Dressing Centre

Midwife

Fanling

Do.

Do.

Midwife and dresser

Saikung

Do.

Do.

Midwife

Cheung Chau

Do.

Dispensary and Maternity

Midwives-two

ward

Tsun Wan

New Territories

Dispensary and Maternity

Do.

M.B.S.

Shatin Ping Shan

Do.

hospital Dispensary

Do.

Do.

Midwife Do.

M 113

551. Early in January the New Territories Medical Benevolent Society and the St. John Ambulance Brigade came to an agreement regarding their work in the New Territories and amalgamated to form the "St. John Ambulance New Territories Medical Benevolent Branch".

552. During the year the Centres at Taipo and Un Long were closed and new centres opened at Saikung, Ha Tsun, Tin Kok and Ta Ku Ling.

553. A small maternity hospital was opened at Sha Tau Kok.

554. A plot of land was acquired at Cheung Chau for the erection of a forty bed modern general hospital. Building operations commenced towards the end of the

year.

The scope of Activities of the Government Medical Department and the St. John Ambulance New Territories Medical

Benevolent Branch defined.

555. The great concern shown during the last two years by the voluntary medical associations for the health of the inhabitants of the New Territories, which up to this time had not been considered an unhealthy area, and the enthusiasm exhibited for establishing centres for the treatment of the sick and for the delivery of the parturient made it necessary to arrive at some sort of agreement if wasteful overlapping of Government effort and of private effort were to be avoided.

556. Article 8 of the Agreement amalgamating the New Territories Medical Benevolent Society with the St. John Ambulance Brigade to form the St. John Ambulance New Territories Medical Benevolent Branch states-

"It is one of the objects of the New Territories Branch to cooperate with the Government of Hong Kong in the social welfare work in the New Territories of the Colony the intention being to alleviate the sufferings of the inhabitants.

>>

557. At a Conference at Government House on 17.1.33 to establish a workable arrangement whereby medical work in the New Territories could be carried out by the Government Medical Department and the St. John Ambulance Branch without overlapping it was agreed-

(a) That within the limits of its resources it was the duty of Government to take such action as was necessary to meet the reasonable medical requirements of the people

(b) That there should be full cooperation between the Government Medical Department and the St. John Ambulance Branch.

M 114

(c) That where there was no centre and one appeared desirable the St. John Ambulance Branch should with the approval of Government start one and run it until such time as the Government might wish to take it over and do the work itself.

(d) That the resident staff at any centre should be entirely provided by the organisation, Government or Brigade, running the Centre.

558. At a meeting held at the office of the Director of Medical and Sanitary Services on 28.2.33, the question of cooperation was further discussed.

559. As the Medical Department had three resident doctors in the New Territories one of which accompanied the Travelling Dispensary which twice or three times a week visited each of the villages on the road, the Director suggested that a useful measure of cooperation would be for the doctor to stop off at the St. John's Centres and prescribe for the patients gathered there leaving the treatment to be carried out by the resident staff of nurses.

560. This offer was not accepted by the St. John Authorities who wished the work at the Centres to be done entirely by the St. John Ambulance staff. They would however welcome the assistance of the Government doctors in cases of emergency and would call them in whenever necessary.

561. It was agreed-

(a) That the five Government centres established or in course of being established at Taipo, Un Long, Ho Tung, Sham Tseng and Shing Mun should remain. (b) That eight of the ten St. John Ambulance Centres should remain viz. those at Kam Tin, Tsun Wan. Ping Shan, San Tin, Fanling, Sha Tau Kok, Shatin and Cheung Chau.

(c) That the centres established by the St. John Ambulance at Taipo and Un Long where there were already Government Centres should be closed. (d) That the Government Travelling Dispensary should cease calling at the villages where the St. John centres had been established confining its attention to other villages on or near the road.

(e) That a Government Medical Officer who was also a member of the St. John Ambulance Brigade should be appointed a member of the Brigade's Advisory

Committee.

Γ

«

M 115

Measure for the Protection of Health of the Labour Force at Shing Mun Dam Construction Works.

562. The site for the dam is situated in broken country about 500 feet above the sea where the terrain consists of granite hills separated by steep sided ravines. At the com- mencement of the works the narrow ravine inverts were drained by boulder-bedded streams themselves fed by innumerable seepages and springs. Wherever possible the hill sides had been terraced and irrigated for the wet cultivation of rice.

563. The country abounded with potential breeding places of anopheline mosquitoes many of which were difficult to bring under control.

564. Judging from past experience of earth works carried out in such country the probability was that unless adequate precautionary measures were taken there would be a high malaria incidence and death rate among the labourers employed. It was therefore decided to take such precautions as might be practicable to prevent the introduction and spread of infection.

565. It was agreed that there should be a division of labour in carrying out the scheme for health control. Medical Department undertook responsibility for investigation and research, for anti-larval measures other than drainage, for drug prophylaxis and treatment.

566. The Engineering Staff undertook to do clearing and drainage, the construction of buildings and general sanitary requirements. It was understood that the two departments should work in full cooperation.

567. On the medical side it was considered necessary to provide a mosquito-proof hospital and medical centre and to employ as a resident staff a Chinese Medical Officer and two or more dressers for hospital and field work also a gang for oiling and ditching. It was recommended that anti-malaria measures be controlled by the Malariologist and drug prophylaxis and treatment be under control of the M.O. i/c New Territories.

568. With regard to the engineeing aspect an engineer who had had many years experience in Malaya was engaged to take charge of the anti-malaria drainage.

569. Owing to the very broken nature of the country there was very little choice in the matter of sites for coolie lines, for quarters for the European Staff, for hospital buildings and medical quarters. The best had to be made of a very difficult situation.

M 116

570. The site chosen for the coolie lines was a valley some 500 yards distant from the nearest point on the Shing Mun River and 700 yards from the dam. A valley was chosen in preference to a ridge in the hope that the hills on either side would to a certain extent act as a barrier to the flight of mosquitoes from breeding grounds outside the area of control.

571. The site selected for the hospital and medical centre was a small knoll on a ridge overlooking the lines valley on the one side and the valley of the Shing Mun on the other. Very limited in extent this knoll had to accommodate the drinking water reservoir in addition. On the same ridge but separated by a distance of a quarter of a mile was the site for the European quarters.

572. As no standards had been laid down as regards house accommodation or hospital accommodation for labourers the Director of Medical and Sanitary Services asked for the standards in vogue in Malaya viz. 300 cubic feet space for the individual in the lines and hospital accommodation in the proportion of three beds for every 200 labourers for general diseases and a separate additional ward for special cases to the extent of 1 bed for every 100 labourers.

573. It was recommended that hospital buildings, quarters and lines be made mosquito proof.

574. A piped supply of good water, trough water closets and the drainage necessary for domestic purposes were also recommended.

575. The engineering authorities were of opinion that the Malayan standards were too liberal for Shing Mun and decided that line accommodation to the extent of 150 cubic feet per person was sufficient. It was also decided not to mosquito proof the lines as the engineers were confident that the drainage operations carried out by them would make mosquito access improbable.

576. Arrangements were made for a plentiful supply of filtered water to be delivered to the lines by pipes.

Arrangements were also made for a complete sewage system with automatically flushed trough closets, septic tanks and filters.

577. With regard to the hospital it was agreed to erect in the first instance a small mosquito proof ward of 14 beds. This accommodation was deemed sufficient for a start as in the absence of any serious outbreak of malaria or of infectious diseases there might prove to be no need for a larger institution'.

M 117

578. Pending the completion of the Medical Centre it was arranged for the staff to sleep at Kowloon spending the day- at Shing Mun. It was also arranged for the Travelling Dispensary to visit three times a week and for a stock of medicines and dressings to be kept on the spot.

579. Every day the lines were visited by the Medical Officer and the dresser and any found sick were given treatment or sent to hospital. All cases of fever had their blood tested for malaria.

580. Instructions were issued that a daily statement should be sent to Medical Headquarters showing the strength of the labour force, the number of sick and the causes of sickness and the number of deaths.

581. The work of the medical staff was handicapped by the delay in the completion of the hospital and medical centre and quarters for the staff which were only ready for occupation in October.

582. The labour force which was small at the beginning steadily increased until upwards of 800 were in residence.

583. From time to time blood tests were made to ascertain the parasite rates of the various sections of the labour force. It was proved that a varying percentage of those engaged were already carrying the parasite when they took up residence. In such there was often little or no external evidence to indicate that they were carriers, and the coolies themselves were unaware of the fact.

584. The following tables compiled from figures supplied by the M.O. i/e New Territories are interesting for com- parison:-

NEWLY ARRIVED LABOURERS.

Parasite

Date.

Race.

No. examined.

Spleen rate

rate per cent.

per cent.

September..... Cantonese

Shanghai.

100

2280

72

15.3 12

1.0 0.74

M 118

LABOURERS OTHER THAN NEW ARRIVALS.

Date.

Race.

No.

examined.

Parasite

rate per

cent.

Spleen rate

per cent.

Parasite

rate for all

races.

June-July

Cantonese

302

44.70

20.2

Shanghai

67

59

1.3

46%

Indians

31

29

0.0

November

Cantonese

299

26.42

3.34

Shanghai Indians

180 13.33

21

1.11

26.42%

9.52 0.0

585. During the year anophelines caught in the lines were identified and dissected at the Malaria Bureau. The prevalent anophelines were A. minimus, A. jeyporiensis, A. maculatus and A. hyrcanus. All species were found to be natural carriers but the prevalence and infection rate varied according to the species and the season.

586. As little was known of the power of flight of the local anophelines it was deemed wise to commence anti-larval measures at the centre or lines site spreading out concentrically until such a distance had been reached as would be sufficient to prevent access to the lines from the breeding places under normal flight conditions.

587. Experience in Malaya had shown the margin of safety for that country to be half a mile and it was hoped that in Hong Kong this distance or less would prove sufficient. The index of success would be the absence of mosquitoes in the lines.

All privately owned land within a radius of half a mile from the lines was resumed by Government in order that there might be full control over this area.

588. Anti-malaria inspectors from the Malaria Bureau visit- ed frequently for the purposes of collecting mosquitoes and their larvae. Specimens caught were conveyed to the Bureau for identification and dissection.

589. Tents each containing a human bait suitably protected were placed in different positions in an attempt to determine by the catches made the directions from which the anophelines in- vading the lines were coming.



M 119

590. By the middle of the year all possible mosquito breed- ing places within 3/8ths of a mile from the lines had been des- troyed. In spite of this it was still possible to catch in the lines large numbers of adult anophelines showing that the radius of sanitated area was not yet sufficient.

591. As it was unlikely that the extension of an additional 1/8th mile would prevent the access to the lines of all anophe- lines and as it was impossible to predict with certainty how much further it would be necessary to go the Medical Autho- rities recommended mosquito nets or proofing the lines.

592. Single nets were tried but proved a failure.

It was then decided to screen the windows and doors with fourteen mesh copper gauge. This mesh had in the laboratory proved impervious to all anophelines.

593. As so often happens in cases where attempts are made to screen houses which have not been designed with a view to that end the result was only a partial success; in fact some lines became excellent mosquito traps. Whereas previous to screening Anopheles hyrcanus was rarely captured in consider- able numbers. They found their way in but could not find their way out.

594. By the end of the year all the area up to the half mile circle had been cleared of breeding places. Anophelines however continued to be caught in the lines showing that under the conditions prevailing the range of flight and therefore the limit of safety exceeds half a mile.

595. The antimosquito measures taken by the medical staff included oiling and paris-green application to the breeding places and the catching of adult mosquitoes in the lines. The catching of large numbers of mosquitoes each of which is a possible medium of spread of malaria must have a beneficial. effect and it is probable that mosquito catching in the lines was of considerable value in preventing a rise in the incidence rate.

596. A detailed account of the antimosquito work done by the staff under the control of the Malariologist is contained in his annual report which will be found in the appendix.

597. The following data supplied by the Resident Engineer shows the extent of the very important anti-malaria engineering works carried out by his staff.

(1) 326 acres cleared of brushwood, etc.

(2) 61 miles open drain cut for oiling, etc.

(3) 74 miles of rock channels made on steep mountain

sides.

M 120

(4) All rice fields, hyacinth ponds and stagnant pools have been drained for a radius of half a mile from the centre of the camp and in some places for a greater distance. In the Shing Mun Valley this work extends to a dis- tance of nearly 2 miles and to a width of mile on the left bank and mile on the right.

(5) The total length of pre-cast concrete channels and con-

crete channels built in situ is 7 miles.

(6) The total length of subsoil pipe laid is 10 miles.

(7) The Shing Mun river, together with the river running into Gindrinkers Bay, with its tributaries has been cleared of boulders and canalised for a length of 5 miles, and all possible breeding places either filled in with concrete or stone, or drained.

598. In Hong Kong, large works are usually carried out through contractors and sub-contractors who pay their coolies only for the days they work. The strength of the labour force varies with the requirements of the situation as judged by the contractors or sub-contractors.

599. The contractors usually supply house accommodation, but neither food, nor medicines nor comforts for the sick. The coolie who falls ill must tend for himself and he who has neither money nor friends must look to Government or some charity organisation for maintenance and treatment. In any case the individual who is unable to work soon takes his departure and disappears from the ken of the contractor. At Shing Mun free treatment and hospital accommodation was provided but there were many who followed the fashion of the country and left in search of a change of scene. Under the circumstances it is most difficult to compile accurate vital statistics.

600. The following table shows as accurately as is possible under the circumstances, the average percentage of the labour force off duty daily owing to sickness:-

January to July-no returns.

August 5.3% on an estimated population of 650

*September 3.2%

>>

ܕܙ

800

"

October 4.2%

807

7

November 6.1%

707

7

""

11

17

December 5.8%

685

"}

11

>>

601. Malaria accounted for 30% of the cases.

* The lowness of the September rate is due to the influx of a number of healthy coolies from Shanghai.

M 121

602. Considering the reputation of the locality the figures are very satisfactory. There can be no doubt that the health precautions taken was largely responsible for the favourable re- sults.

Births and Deaths Registration.

603. Early in 1932 arrangements were made whereby the Police Stations became the registry offices for Births and Deaths. It was decided to avoid prosecutions at first and to rely on propaganda and persuasion. At the end of the year it was found that the results in the large island villages of Cheung Chau and Tai O were good, in Tsun Wan the Southern District mainland village they were only middling while in the Northern District they were very poor.

On the advice of the District Officers it was decided to prosecute in cases of default. After one or two prosecutions passive resistance for the most part disappeared.

604. The total number of births registered in the New Territories during 1933 was 3,380 as compared with 587 in 1932. With regard to deaths the numbers were 1,370 and 310 respec- tively.

605. Next year registration in the New Territories should be sufficiently complete to allow of the calculation of birth and death rates for this area. This has been impossible hitherto.

A. R. WELLINGTON,

D.M.S.S.

1

- M 122

APPENDIX A.

GOVERNMENT BACTERIOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.

Report for the year 1933.

By A. V. GREAVES, M.B., (Tor.), M.C.P. & S., (Ont.), D.T.M., (Liverpool).

INTRODUCTORY.

(1) Administrative.-There were no changes under this head- ing during the year.

(2) Buildings and Equipment.-A part of the basement was fitted up as a laboratory for the purpose of accommodating the student sanitary inspectors under the scheme recently approved. This is used as a lecture and demonstrating room both for the teaching of bacteriology and malariology. The equipment is simple but sufficient for the purpose. Two new microscopes have been provided and there are the usual gas fittings, sink, reagent shelves, etc.

There have been no other alterations in the buildings.

A new binocular microscope has been purchased, partly to take the place of one very old one used by one of the junior assistants and partly to permit one to be sent away for repairs when required. We actually only have just what is needed and no more, and some of the instruments are long past their greatest usefulness.

One large and two small centrifuges of the latest high speed pattern have been purchased and installed.

(3) Library. The following additions were made to the library during the year:-

1. Surgical Pathology of the Skin, Fascia, Muscles, Tendons, Blood and Lymph Vessels, A. E. Hertzler, 1931.

2. Lyon's Medical Jurisprudence for India, Waddell, 1928. 3. Neoplastic Diseases, James Ewing, 1931.

4. Vitamins: A Survey of Present Knowledge, Medical Re-

search Council, 1932.

5. Tuberculous Disease in Children: Its Pathology and Bacteriology, J. W. S. Blacklock, Medical Research Council, 1932.

M 123

(4) Publications:--

"Perforative Amoebic Ulceration of the Appendix,

"

by

A. V. Greaves, Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. XXVI, No. 4, January, 1933.

Acute Phlegmon of the Stomach and Duodenum," by A. V. Greaves, Canadian Medical Association Journal, Vol. XXIX, 37-39, 1933.

"The Laboratory Diagnosis of Malaria," by A. V. Greaves,

The Caduceus, Vol. XII, No. 4, November, 1933.

A New Microscope Adapter for the Hand Spectroscope,'

by A. V. Greaves, (In the Press).

(5) Research.-Routine work in great volume again prevent- ed much being done in the way of research.

(a) Dysentery.The work on Flexner dysentery strains commenced during the latter part of 1932 has been pursued steadily and although the number of cultures isolated and dealt with is not large, some facts emerging are of considerable in- terest.

The appended table shows the distribution of the strains between the various sub-divisions of the group and those which are inagglutinable.

V

W

X

Y

Z

ZX

Mixed

Inagglutinable

7%

28%

13%

7%

2%

28%

9%

6%

The infrequence of inagglutinable strains is somewhat re- markable in view of the records of Indian observers. Thus Manifold and deMonte report 28.2% of 117 strains as inagglutin- able. It is possible that the reason for this may be in the fact that in the latter group agglutination was carried out relatively soon after isolation, whereas in our series all strains isolated were subcultured weekly for three months before agglutination, thus permitting any agglutinable property to become manifest and fixed. The type sera used were those of Medical Research Council and all the strains recorded showed agglutination to 50% or over titre. Boyd's experience regarding saccharose fer- mentation has been confirmed by us, no agglutinable culture showing true saccharose fermentation. One of the inagglutin- able cultures, however, showed definite acidity in saccharose. This strain has not yet been investigated thoroughly.

M 124

In the table the association of Z and X is given a special place in view of its high incidence in the series, and also because of the comparative specificity of its antigenic structure, there being in most instances either complete absence of agglutination against the antisera of the other strains or else a fairly definite response on the part of Y--the latter being a very typical part of the pattern.

(b) Malaria.-A considerable increase of blood slides receiv- ed for the diagnosis of malaria afforded us the opportunity of making a careful species determination of the parasites present. The pre-existing records of the Colony are incomplete in this respect-it was thought useful to attempt to fill the gap. All films were personally examined by the writer, occasionally with the assistance of the Malariologist, Dr. R. B. Jackson. While the figures are still not large the results are of interest, disclos- ing as they do, the presence of Quartan infection to a not in- considerable degree. This species was hitherto considered un- common in Hong Kong. (see M 127.)

It was found necessary again to go into the question of staining methods. The method of Shute was tried, and, in a modified form, has been so successful that it is being used routinely. The difference between the original method and the modification consists in ommitting the determination of the pH of the methyl alcohol. In its present form it is simple and fitted to the needs of a busy diagnostic laboratory.

(c) Diphtheria.-Some work has been done and is still in progress on media for the isolation of the Klebs-Loeffler Bacillus, the idea being, if possible, to obtain a medium which will be as useful for diagnostic purposes as for purposes of virulence testing. To this end a modification is being made of the original Loeffler slope by the addition of varying amounts of tellurite. While the work is not yet completed a good measure of success has been obtained, the medium at present used being almost as sensitive as Loeffler's but succeeds in inhibiting nearly all other growth, so that a culture of considerable purity is obtained in most cases. Should the desired result be obtained, it would be possible to use the diagnostic culture for virulence testing without the intervening steps of plating and picking colonies. The saving of time and work which would result, is of course obvious.

(d) Miscellaneous.-Collection of material for research is being carried out on behalf of Professor Hoeppli and Professor van Dyke of Peiping Union Medical College; in the case of the former, livers infested with clonorchis, and the latter, pituitary glands are being collected and forwarded.

M 125

(6) General.—At the risk of being tedious I must again emn- phasize the need for consideration being given to the need for a new Institute in close relation to one of the large hospitals. The need for more room will require some building addition to the present structure at some date not far distant, if further development of the work at present carried on is to be con- sidered, and it would seem to be uneconomic to do this if re- moval is to be contemplated within a few years.

Quite apart from actual routine work the Institute is more and more being used for teaching purposes, such as in the in- struction of sanitary officers, hospital dressers, etc., and this naturally encroaches on our already scanty room.

This is also true of the stable quarters, where room for an extra pony is needed for the necessary increase in the production of anti-meningococcal serum. Another grave need is for an operating room for removal of vaccine material from calves. At the present moment this is carried out in the open, which is to say the least of it highly undesirable.

The summary of tests at the end of this Report appears to show fewer tests carried out in 1933 than 1932. This is due practically entirely to alterations in the mode of presentation of figures, chiefly with reference to Widal tests, which were pre- viously reported as separate agglutinations of each of the three organisms, while the present totals show a single test for each serum. This alone makes a difference of 1,828 tests. There are other minor charges in the same direction, so that with cor- rections the total for the two years is practically identical. It must be recalled, however, that in 1932 there were three minor epidemics of cholera, cerebro-spinal meningitis, and diphtheria, requiring the examination of unusual numbers of faeces, spinal fluids, and throat swabs. That the total number of examina- tions remains practically the same shows that the regular routine work has increased steadily. Probably the greatest increase is shown in serological work, about 2,000 more sera having been examined this year. The number of blood smears examined for malarial parasites is also very much greater.

The work of the staff is satisfactory and the usual high standard of technical efficiency has been maintained.

A. PROTOZOOLOGY AND HELMINTHOLOGY.

(1) Blood films for malaria.-One thousand nine hundred and ninety films were examined for the presence of malarial parasites. A marked improvement has been noted in the quality of the blood films forwarded for examination from the hospitals, and diagnosis is much facilitated thereby.

M 126

The percentage proportion of the different types of parasite was found to be as follows:

Malignant tertian

Benign tertian

Quartan

...t.

57.81%

24.39%

5.52%

12.26%

Unclassified

These percentages are closely coincident with those of last year, although the latter were based on a rather small series of

cases.

EXAMINATION OF BLOOD FILMS FOR MALARIA,

PARASITES.

EUROPEAN. INDIAN. CHINESE.

TOTAL.

Malignant Tertian.

40

11

378

429

Benign Tertian

19

7

155

181

Quartan

1

1

39

41

Unclassified

14

7

70

91

Negative.

320

58

870

1,248

Grand Total

394

84

1,512

1,990

(2) Filaria. Fourteen films were examined for the particular presence of filaria, but as a matter of fact all blood films sent in for examination for the presence of malarial parasites are routinely searched for filaria as well.

(3) Faeces.-Seven hundred and forty five specimfens of faeces were examined for the presence of the ova of helminths, and for vegetative and encysted forms of protozoa. It may be pointed out that all samples of stools received for any examina- tion are routinely searched for such parasites.

A large percentage of faecal specimens are sent in for the exclusion or diagnosis of dysentery, and the routine pursued is to report to the sender immediately the cytological picture presented. This gives the clinical attendant valuable informa- tion for the purposes of treatment without delay, while the time-consuming culture is carried out at leisure and reported on when complete. The value of this is not to be questioned, as the finding of macrophages and pus cells in a stool is to all intents and purposes pathognomonic of bacillary dysentery. Even in spite of the fact that most of the stools received by this laboratory are not fresh, the percentage of positive cultures grown from such cytologically typical stools is as high as 46%.

M 127

B. SEROLOGY.

(1) Serological reactions for Syphilis.-Eight thousand two hundred and fifty seven sera were subjected to test.

The percentage figures for the different results are follows:

Strong Positive

as

Positive

Weak positive

Doubtful

Negative

36%

8% 50%

6%

6%

.44%

The increase in the total number of sera tested continues year by year in conformity with the development of the V.D. clinics, and forms a very important part of the activities of the Institute

EXAMINATION OF BLOOD SERA FOR SYPHILIS.

EUROPEAN. INDIAN.

CHINESE.

Total.

M. F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

Strong positive..

57

5

78

10

2,186 663 2,999

Positive .........

24

3

50

2

429 141 649

Weak positive...

17

34

3

290

109 156

Doubtful

24

1

49

2

359 84 519

Negative

322

22 266

15

1,935 1,074 3,634

Grand total... 444

34 477

32

5,199 2,071 8,257

(2) Agglutination tests.-No comment is necessary on this heading. The technique used in performing the test is the same as used previously, namely, the method of qualitative receptor analysis.

M 128

AGGLUTINATION TESTS.

EUROPEAN. INDIAN.

CHINESE.

ORGANISMS.

Total.

Pos. Neg. Pos. Neg.

Pos. Neg.

B. Typhosus

50

127

5

36

186 510

B. Para. A.

3

174

41

3.

693

914

B. Para. B.

3

174

41

8

688

B. Para. C.......

1

1

B. Melitensis

2

3

B. Abortus Weil Felix reaction

:

1

:

:

:

:

Grand Total

56 481

5 118

198 1.893

923

C.-BACTERIOLOGICAL EXAMINATIONS.

(1) Faeces. Three hundred stools were cultured for the presence of pathogenic organisms. The table shows the dis- tribution of the different types of infection present. Infections with B. dysenteriae (Schmitz) are seen to be by no means uncommon as a cause of dysentery in Hong Kong.

STOOLS EXAMINED FOR ORGANISMS.

European.

Indian.

Chinese.

Organisms.

Total.

Pos. Neg.

Pos. Neg. Pos. Neg.

Typhoid group.. 2 24

1

99

126

B. Dysenteriae

(Group).....

61

7

38

106

B. Dysenteriae

(Flexner)....

21

3

31

:

55

B. Dysenteriae

(Shiga).. B, Dysenteriae

(Schmitz)......

B. Cholera..

Grand Total

:

:

1

3

4

:

10:

5

2

Hi

1

1

72

2

28 85

9 36 138

300

1

M 129

(2) Sputum.-Six hundred and seventeen specimens of sputum were examined for the presence of B. tuberculosis.

EXAMINATION OF SPUTUM FOR B. TUBERCULOSIS.

Positive Negative

Grand Total

EUROPEAN. INDIAN.

CHINESE. Total.

22223

32

92

146

92

73

306

47-1

114

105

398

617

}

(3) Urine.-Two hundred and fifty one urines were reported on; a large number of these being cultured in addition to complete examination otherwise.

(4) Urethral and cervical smears.-Five hundred and twenty eight smears were stained for the gonococcus.

(5) Nasal scrapings.-One hundred and seven nasal smears were examined for the presence of the Leprosy bacillus. This number is almost double that of 1932. Twenty-two were positive.

(6) Throat swabs.-Six hundred and fifty four swabs from the nose and throat were cultured and examined for C. diphtheriae.

THROAT SWABS EXAMINED for DiphtheRIA.

EUROPEAN. INDIAN. CHINESE.

Total.

Positive Negative...

60

47

107

316

1

230

547

Grand Total.

376

1

277

654

(7) Cerebro-spinal fluids.-Two hundred and seventy four fluids were examined for the meningococcus; slightly over 50% being positive either on direct examination or on culture. This total is considerably less than that of the previous year, but is still high enough to remind us of the ever present possibility of another epidemic. In a normal year the number of fluids. sent for examination averages 18, so that it is quite evident that the epidemic of 1932 still lingers on our threshold.

Positive Negative.

W

M 130

C. S. F. EXAMINED FOR MENINGOCOCcus.

European. Indian. Chinese. Total.

Grand Total

·

GO LO

3

1

136

140

5

1

128

134



2

264

274

(8) Miscellaneous materials.-Thirty nine examinations were made under this head. Of some interest were three instances of the occurrence of the disease of bread known as "ropy bread". Two of the cases were referred by the naval authorities and one by a private individual. In all of them we were able to isolate the causative organism, B. mesentericus panis viscosi, and to reproduce the disease by inoculation into a freshly baked loaf. A good summary of our knowledge of this condition is given by Rowlette (Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps, Vol. LX, No. 2 February, 1933).

Twenty five brains were examined for Negri bodies, one of them that of a monkey. Three dog's brains showed Negri bodies.

D. PREPARATION OF VACCINE LYMPH.

The figures for the year are as follows:--

Number of calves vaccinated

Amount of lymph prepared

>>

71

issued

147.

21,600 c.c.

23,277

>>

";

remaining in stock. 29,835

Attention is drawn to the very large amount of lymph issued. This is accounted for by the occurrence of a small outbreak of small-pox during the latter part of 1932 and the early months of 1933. Of this large amount no less than 70% was issued during the two months, February and March. The strain placed

1

M 131

both upon our stock of lymph and the staff of the Institute during this period was very heavy, and it is a great cause for satisfaction that all demands for lymph were at all times fully and promptly met. Naturally the replenishment of our stocks has caused us some concern, and vaccination of calves for the year has been heavy. It is, however, anticipated that the issue during 1934 will be smaller than usual.

During the period of heavy production it was found that the lymph-grinding machine fell heavily behind the supply of pulp offered for grinding, and this, coupled with the fact that no duplicate machine exists, led to the request (which was subse- quently granted by Government) that a new machine be pro- vided. This machine is now on order and should be in use during 1934. As it is of a quick grinding type, it should relieve us of a certain amount of anxiety on the score of replacement of stocks.

Certain improvements in the routine of lymph preparation have been instituted. Regular passage through the rabbit is now carried out at definite known intervals, so that the history of all seed used is known and recorded. As it was found that the plate counts of most batches of lymph, even after extended storage, were abnormally high, it was considered advisable to institute routine exposure to room temperature for approximate- ly one week in order to bring down the count to proper limits. While this procedure achieves its purpose satisfactorily a doubt arises as to the preservation of the potency of the lymph, parti- cularly after storage, and until the question is definitely settled it is proposed to decrease the dilution with glycerol-saline by the addition of three times the amount of diluent by weight instead of four times as is at present practised. While this will reduce our production to some extent it should definitely enhance its immunizing property.

Potency tests were carried out as usual on babies in the Alice Memorial Hospital, and our grateful thanks are due to the Medical Driector and associated members of the staff for their kindness and co-operation in making this possible. Dr. Annie Sydenham in particular has given much of her time to making the necessary inspection and records.

During the writer's leave in 1934 it is hoped to obtain some data on methods of production of vaccine by growth of the virus in vitro in the hope that by this time methods will have pro- gressed sufficiently to have placed this procedure on a practical Pasis.

M 132

E. PREPARATION OF VACCINES AND SERA.

(1) Anti-meningococcus serum.-The quantity of serum issued this year is still heavy, although not approaching last year's figures, which were influenced by the presence of a small epidemic of cerebro-spinal meningitis.

The amount of serum issued was 15,990 c.c., this amount is only slightly over half of that issued in 1932, but about three times the average issued in previous years. At the present moment the amount which we are able to prepare is a good deal less than this, and we will be faced with a shortage unless the number of cases of the disease diminishes, or we are able to add another pony to our stock. Two ponies are at present used for serum production, and this number is really as many as our stable accommodation will take care of.

(2) Gonococcus vaccine. The amount issued is 4,650 c.c. This is slightly in excess of that issued last year.

Efforts to improve the yield have at last achieved a fair measure of success. The medium used hitherto was testicular extract agar.

This is also now used but with the addition of 5% whole sheep's blood. The resulting yield is much higher than we have hitherto been able to obtain by any of the methods tried. This medium with the addition of blood is simple to pre- pare and affords a luxuriant growth of the organisms.

(3) Anti-rabic vaccine.-The method of preparation of anti- rabic prophylactic was again varied this year to conform with the findings of Indian workers (Cunningham, Malone and Craighead, Indian Medical Research Memoirs, Nos. 15 and 26). The amount of brain substance was increased from 1% to 2%, the dose remaining the same and the preparation otherwise being unchanged.

Several cases of persons bitten by a proved rabid dog were treated and followed up for a period of approximately four months; in no instance did infection occur.

The total number of cases treated was 226, and the total number of doses issued 2,166, both considerably in excess of last year's totals.

In the table appended, many of the cases shown under the heading, "treatment not completed" consist of cases released under the advice of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon that the suspected dog was not rabid after a period of observation.

M 133

Race incidence of cases.

Treatment completed.

Treatment not completed

British

25

15

Chinese

Portuguese

Japanese

59

108

7

1

1

1

French

1

Polish

1

:..

Eurasian

1

Indian

1

Spanish....

1

Unknown (outport cases)

4

Total.....

99

127

(4) Autogenous vaccines.-Twenty nine vaccines were pre- pared from material forwarded from various sources.

VACCINE AND SERUM.

Gonococcus Vaccine

T. A. B.

Cholera

Autogenous

""

"

Anti-meningococcic serum ................

AMOUNT ISSUED.

4,650 c.c.

380

85

""

29 vaccines.

15,990 c.c.

M 134

F. EXAMINATION OF WATER AND MILK.

(1) Bacteriological analysis of the water supply.-One thou- sand three hundred and twenty three samples of the public water supply were examined routinely for bacterioligical purity. Daily samples were taken from the various water areas and the results reported to the Water Authority. The usual high standard of purity has been maintained.

The appended table shows the various sources from which the samples were obtained:-

Unfiltered raw water..

Filtered raw water...

Filtered and chlorinated water from service taps

throughout the Colony.....

Well water

Water from other than public supplies

Total

་་་་་་

108

110

1,083

1

21

1,323

(2) Bacteriological analysis of milk.-Two samples of milk were tested, one from a dairy supply and one sample of condensed milk referred by the Medical Officer of Health.

G.

MEDICO-LEGAL INVESTIGATIONS.

Thirty four examinations were carried out under this heading on behalf of the Department of Criminal Investigation.

For detection of human blood......

For detection of semen

For the classification of hair

25

6

34

H. MORBID HISTOLOGY.

One hundred and seventy eight examinations of tissues were made. Sixty two of these were of tumours, seventeen malignant and forty five benign. The remainder were for general pathologi- cal diagnosis.

A most interesting specimen is to be recorded, that of the heart of a coolie who died suddenly while apparently in good health. The organ showed an infiltrating tuberculoma of the myocardium. This type of tuberculous infection of the heart is extremely rare. The tissues are being carefully studied and it is hoped to report the case later.

M 135

ANALYSIS OF CLINICAL AND OTHER EXAMINATIONS.

Nature of Examination.

B. Typhosus

Total

for 1933.

Total for 1932.

Agglutination Reaction.

,, Paratyphosus A

""

""

Weil Felix Reaction

B. Dysenteriae

914

2,607

B

C......

1

1

3

:

Meletensis

3

4

""

""

Cultural

Examina

Blood

Smears.

tions.

A bortus

Serological Reaction for Syphilis

Malaria Para-ites

Filaria

4

3

8,257

6,442

1,990

897

14

9

Blood count, etc.,

25

32

Bacillus Diphtheria (Naso-

pharyngeal swabs)

654

1,730

Meningococcus (Spinal fluids)

274

463

Typhosus, Paratyphosus,

Cholera, etc., (Faeces)

300

716

Ova of helminth

Faeces

Miscellaneous Examinations.

E. histolytica Occult blood

Tubercle Bacillus

Tissue Sections

[ Sputa Pus Urine

Smear for Gonococcus Smear for B. lepræ

Rat smears, spleen, etc., for B.

}

745

697

23

6

2

2

178

264

617

574

39

12

251

146

528

438

107

56

pestis

Animals for Rabies

Medico-legal Examinations

1

...

25

34

11 55

Bacteriological Examination of Milk

Bacteriological Analysis of Water

Autogenous Vaccine prepared

filters

Miscellaneous

2

1

1,323

1,433

Rideal Walkers Test of Disinfectants ...

3

29

47

Filter candles sterilized for domestic

336

389

238

171

Total.......

16,918

17,208

M 136

BACTERIOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.

Expenditure for 1932 and 1933.

1932.

1. Personal Emoluments

$32,141.98

1933. $42,944.64

Other Charges.

29. Animals and Fodder

6,188.86

6,389.90

30. Anti-rabic Work...

32. Books and Journals

425.15

31. Apparatus and Chemicals..

1,458.85.

373.19 1,338.37

98.36

86.20

33. Conveyance Allowances

233.50

343.71

34. Fuel and Light

1,722.51

1,540.28

35. Incidental Expenses

788.60

720.40

36. Preparation of Vaccine, Serum

1,682.76

1,571.10

37. Uniforms

468.91

240.83

Total

$13,067.50

$12,603.98

Special Expenditure.

52. Electric Centrifuge

53. Microscope for Bact. Institute......

Microscopes for Training Asiatic

Sanitary Inspectors

Electric Refrigerator...

Total

1,167.94 689.56

940.00

870.30

$870.30

$2,797.50

Total Bact. Institute...... $46,079.78 $58,346.12

Revenue for 1932 and 1933.

Bacteriological Examinations...........

1932. $14,840.60

1933. $9,346.70

EXPENDITURE & REVENUE FOR PAST TEN YEARS.

Per. Emols. &

Special

Total

Other Charges.

Expen-

Expen-

Total Revenue.

diture.

diture.

1924

$28,644.53

$ 459 29

$29,103.82

$4,752.12

1925

26,498.17

...

26,498.47

3,536.40

1926

29,982.11

9.70

29,991.81

7,220.41

1927

27,984.41

436.87

28,421.28

7,664.62

1928

34,643.40

23.37

34,666.77

6,635.23

1929

37,545.96

442.14

37,988.10

8,307.44

1930

55,239.81

55,239.81

7,384.03

1931

55,446.94

794.19

56,241.13

7,482.82

1932

45,209.48

870.30

46,079.78

14,840.60

1933

55,548.62

2,797.50

58,346.12

9,346.70

}

M 137

Appendix B.

ANNUAL REPORT OF THE WORK OF THE MALARIA BUREAU FOR THE YEAR 1933.

by

R. B. JACKSON, M.D., D.P.H., Malariologist.

4

Staff.

The staff consisted of the Malariologist, Assistant to Malario- logist, four Inspectors, one Probationer Inspector, one clerk and four coolies. The Assistant to Malariologist was absent on leave from 6th May onwards. A probationer Inspector was appointed in April on account of the extra work entailed by the Shing Mun Camp.

From 1st August the services of four vaccinators were placed at the disposal of the Bureau. They assisted in larval surveys and helped to collect mosquitoes from houses.

Work carried out during the year.

This was included under the following headings:-

(a) General mosquito survey of the Colony and New Terri- tories, in order to determine what species existed, their life histories, and, as far as possible, their identifications in the larval and adult stages.

(b) A general investigation of malaria and other mosquito-

borne diseases.

(c) The catching of mosquitoes frequenting habitations, their identification, and the dissections of such Anophelines as were found, for malarial and filarial infections.

(d) Investigations as to the prevalence of malaria in certain areas, and the conditions under which it was existing, with a view to its abolition, and, in the case of the Shing Mun Camp, the supervision of certain measures directed against Anopheline larvae and mosquitoes. (e) Local mosquito surveys for the abatement of mosquito

nuisance.

(f) The teaching of mosquitology and the instruction of the inspectors in this work, and other matters bearing on the subject.

(g) Co-operation with Government Departments, the Mili- tary, Naval and Air Forces, public companies and private individuals in the investigation and eradication malaria.

of

(h) Experiments with Paris Green in the destruction of

Anopheline larvae.

M 138

(a) INVESTIGATION OF SPECIES AND THEIR LIFE HISTORIES.

Anophelines.

The number and species of the various anopheline larvae examined are given in Table I. Table II gives the number and species of the imagines obtained from pupae collected, and from pupae obtained from the larger larvae.

An experiment was performed in order to obtain an approxi- mate estimate of the number of days which Anophelines might live, if unable to leave a dwelling, and if only blood meals were available. On the 23rd October a batch of Anophelines consist- ing of 4 A. hyrcanus, 1 A. maculatus and 1 A. minimus which had recently hatched out in the laboratory were transferred to a lamp glass whose ends were covered with mosquito netting. The mosquitoes were allowed access to raisins and damp lint was placed on the top of the netting. At 8 a.m. on the 24th the lamp glass was applied to an arm and 1 A. hyrcanus fed. The raisins and water were withheld but a blood meal was afterwards offered daily at 8 a.m. On the 25th 3 A. hyrcanus fed; on the 26th 2 A. hyrcanus fed-the A. maculatus being found dead. On the 27th 4 A. hyrcanus fed. On the 30th 3 A. hyrcanus fed. 1 A. hyrcanus being found dead. On the 31st no A. hyrcanus fed. -2 were found dead. The A. minimus fed a little. On the 1st November the remaining A. hyrcanus and A. minimus. were found dead-only the A. maculatus had not taken blood.

A. maculatus. This year the proportion of maculatus larvae examined to the total anopheline larvae collected was less than in former years (33% as compared with 52% in 1932) owing to the areas surveyed including more cultivated and fallow rice fields, swampy tracts and vegetable gardens, places which do not normally function as breeding grounds for this species.

Although the maculatus larvae caught were more numerous than those of any other anopheline the numbers of adults taken both by day and by night were small in comparison with the catches of other species. Except in the case of the Wo Li Hop collections those captured were usually not gorged with blood. Malaria infections of the midgut have however been encountered and on two occasions larval filaria were met with in the thorax.

Experiments were made with a frog and with a canary to ascertain if batches of A. maculatus could be induced to feed on them but in neither occasion did they take blood. Sixteen maculatus were left with a frog for three nights continuously but did not feed on it. Fifteen maculatus were put with a canary for one night but none took blood. In the morning four of the fifteen fed greedily on the arm of an inspector. Another batch of fifteen were left for three nights continuously with a different canary but did not bite. When the bird was removed an arm was offered for forty minutes but without result. All the anophe- lines used in these experiments were hatched out in the labora- tory, had been fed for a few days prior to the experiments on water and raisins and had access to the same during the trials.

1

M 139

On the 18th of November a hill stream crossing the Tytam bridle path was searched carefully for two hours; no larvae were got but one pupa obtained hatched out as A. maculatus. The nearest habitation was half a mile distant on one side, and three quarters of a mile distant on the other side of the st