Administrative Reports - 1926

 ADMINISTRATIVE REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1926

Table of Contents

0 Preface

1 Finances

2 Shipping and Trade, industries, Fisheries, agriculture, and Land

3 Legislation

4 Education

5 Government and aided institutions

6 Institutions Not Supported By Government

7 Criminal and Police

8 Vital Statistics

9 Postal and Telegraph Services

A Financial Returns

A(1) Finances

B Assessment

C Secretariat for Chinese affairs

D Harbour office

E Imports and Exports office

F Royal Observatory

G Supreme Court

H Police Magistrates' Courts

I Land office

J New Territories

K Police and Fire Brigade

L Prisons

M Sanitary

M(1) Medical

N Botanical and forestry

O Education

P Volunteer Corps (Not Published)

Q Public Works

R Post office

S Railway

 





HONG KONG.
ANNUAL GENERAL REPORT FOR 1926.
Z
PREFACE.
The Colony of Hong Kong is situated off the south-eastern coast of China between latitude 22° 9′ and 22° 17′ N. and longitude 114° 5′ and 114° 18' E. The island is about 11 miles long and 2 to 5 miles in breadth, its circumference being about 27 miles and its area 28 square miles. It consists of an irregular ridge of lofty hills rising to a height of nearly 2,000 feet above sea level, stretch- ing nearly east and west, with few valleys of any extent and little ground available for cultivation.
The island, then desolate and sparsely inhabited by fishermen, was ceded to Great Britain in January, 1841, the cession being confirmed by the Treaty of Nankin in August, 1842; and the charter bears the date 5th April, 1843. All that part of Kowloon peninsula lying South of Kowloon Fort to the northernmost point of Stonecutter's Island together with that island was ceded to Great Britain under the Convention signed at Peking in October, 1860, and under the Convention signed at Peking in June, 1898, the area known as the New Territories including Mirs Bay and Deep Bay was leased to Great Britain by the Government of China for 99 years.
The area of the New Territories and Islands is
about 345 sq. miles.
.
Trade gradually developed as China became accustomed to foreign intercourse and it increased greatly owing to the opening of the Suez Canal. It now stands at about 200 million pounds sterling per annum.
Large local banking, dock, steamboat, and insurance companies were established between 1865 and 1872, and their numbers are being continually added to."
The Colony is the centre of an incessant flow of Chinese emigration and immigration.
GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.
The boycott of British trade and shipping which began at the same time as the strike in June, 1925 did not, like the strike, collapse rapidly. It continued in full force throughout nearly the whole of 1926 by means of armed strike pickets, whose livelihood depended on it. Officially it was called off by the Canton authorities on 10th October, but intimidators managed to enforce its continuance for some time longer. The trade of the Colony consequently suffered severely, but despite all the difficulties in their way, the British merchants in South China managed to do a certain amount of business, and all confidently looked forward to the better times to come.
Generally there was a feeling of calm optimism; the Colony had not got through the wood yet, but our enemies, though they had, under Bolshevik influence, striven their utmost, had failed to ruin the trade of Hong Kong.
The Rents Ordinance, which restricted the landlords' right to raise rents was allowed to lapse after having been in force for four years.
The New Year opened with the fire on New Year's day at the Hong Kong Hotel, a great part of which was completely gutted. The damage was estimated at nearly two million dollars. There was one casualty; a bluejacket, who was assisting in fighting the fire, fell from a window and died of his injuries.
As a result of the fire a Committee was appointed to consider the fire fighting organisation of the Colony. Most of the recom- mendations of the Committee have been adopted by the Government.
Another calamity befell Hong Kong when on the night of 19th/20th July, a terrific thunder-storm exceeding in intensity any storm recorded within the last thirty-five years burst over the Colony. Several buildings were struck by lightning, one Indian soldier being killed in the barracks of the Punjabi Regiment in Kowloon. Nearly 20 inches of rain fell in the space of 8 hours. The damage, to Government works and property exclusive of Military, Naval and private losses ran into well over a million dollars, and will not be fully repaired under about twelve months. There were landslides, roads were washed out, and nullahs torn up. A huge boulder crashed into the pumping station at Pokfulum, killing 4 men, and seriously interfering with the water supply to the hill districts for some weeks. The lower levels of the City of Victoria were flooded to a depth of several feet and all the ordinary activities of the Colony were suspended for some days. The Peak tram service was totally suspended for a week. The rapidity with which essential communications were restored reflects the greatest credit on the officers of the Public Works Department.
"L
The number of piracies on steamships was greater than it had been for many years.
The most serious case was that of the S.S. Sunning", which whilst on a voyage from Amoy to Hong Kong was captured on November 15th, by pirates who had travelled dis- guised as passengers. Resourceful and daring action, for which the Chief and Second Officers of the ship were mainly responsible, led to the re-capture of the bridge. The pirates endeavoured to dis- lodge the officers from the bridge, but were repulsed time after time. Finally they set fire to the vessel, but the fire though it greatly damaged the ship did not help the pirates, all of whom were, so far as can be ascertained, either killed, drowned or captured. Of those captured eight were convicted of piracy and hanged.
A Commission was appointed to enquire into and anti-piracy measures in general but its report had not be by the end of the year.
:
+
Two large buildings were opened during the year, viz., the Government Offices and Fire Station on Connaught Road opposite the Central Market, and the new Banque de l'Indo-Chine building on Queen's Road,
An investiture was held at Government House on 13th March, when H. R. H. Prince George, K.G., G.C.V.O., invested His Excellency the Governor, Sir Cecil Clementi as K.C.M.G., Knighted the Hon. Sir Shou-son Chow and invested the Hon. Mr. E. R. Hallifax with the badge of c.M.G., Mr. George Duncan with the badge of M.B.E. and Mr. George White with the Royal Albert Medal.
At the 17th Congregation of the University of Hong Kong held on 12th January, the degree of Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa) was conferred on His Excellency the Governor, Sir Cecil Clementi, K.C.M.G., the Hon. Mr. R. H. Kotewall, Mr. R. Ponsonby Fane, and Sir R. E. Stubbs, K.C.M.G., (in absentia).
The news of the death in England on 25th May of the Hon. Mr. P. H. Holyoak came as a shock to the Colony. The late Mr. Holyoak had been an indefatigable worker both as an Unofficial member of the Legislative and Executive Councils, and as Chairman of the Hong Kong General 'hamber of Commerce.
Two days later on 27th May, there passed away in Hong Kong the Hon. Sir Paul Chater, C.M.G, the most prominent figure in the public and commercial life of modern Hong Kong. Sir Paul had spent over sixty years in the Colony, during which period he had devoted himself not only to business but also to the general welfare of the community. He was first appointed to the Legislative Council in 1886, and was an Unofficial Member of the Executive Council from 1896 to the time of his death.
On 29th August, Mr. Ho Fook, a scion of a well known Chinese family in Hong Kong, died. Mr. Ho Fook before his retirement from active participation in the affairs of the community had been an Unofficial Member of the Legislative Council, and had been a leading member of all the most important of the Chinese public bodies.
The Hon. Mr. A. G. M. Fletcher, C.M G., C.B.E., Acting Colonial Secretary who had served as a Cadet Officer in Hong Kong for 24 years left on 9th January for Ceylon, of which Colony he had been appointed Colonial Secretary.
On 1st May, the Honourable Mr. W. T. Southorn of the Ceylon Civil Service arrived in Hong Kong and took up the duties of the post of Colonial Secretary.
I.-FINANCES.
The revenue for the year amounted to $21,131,582 being $235,161 less than the estimate and $2,112,783 less than the revenue for the previous year.
Compared with the returns for 1925 there were decreases under all the heads except Kowloon-Canton Railway, Licences and Internal Revenue and Miscellaneous Receipts.
The expenditure amounted to a total of $23,524,716 inclusive of a sum of $4,720,000 spent on Public Works Extraordinary.
The detailed figures for 1926 are set out in the following statements :-
HEADS OF REVENUE.
$
C.
Light Dues
110,543.80
Light Dues, Special Assessment -
Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise
127,655.26
specified
-
14,020,850.58
Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes, and Reimbursements in Aid -
1,488,587.15
Post Office
766,539.87
Kowloon-Canton Railway
538,044.73
Rent of Government Property, Land, and
Houses
1,264,799.24
Interest
237,443.67
Miscellaneous Receipts
2,290,775.73
TOTAL, (Ordinary)-
Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)
TOTAL
- $21,131,581.64
$20,845,240.03
286,341.61
The total expenditure brought to account amounted to $23,524,716 being $265,899 less than the estimate, and $4,724,102 less than the expenditure in 1925. Miscellaneous Services exceeded the estimate by $230,130 chiefly on account of the upkeep of emergency organisations brought into existence by the political situation.
Military Expenditure exceeded the estimate by $173,824.
EXPENDITURE.
$
C.
Governor
Cadet Service
Junior Clerical Service
-
115,162.79
292,521.59
669,125.82
Colonial Secretary's Department and Legis-
lature -
55,136.12
Secretariat for Chinese Affairs
8,147.42
Audit Department
45,609.05
Treasury
25,045.41
Harbour Master's Department
Imports & Exports Department Royal Observatory
Miscellaneous Services
Judicial and Legal Departments -
Police Force
Fire Brigade
619,442.78 667,665.32
45, 158.87 990,467.63 267,171.45
1,745,084.97
206,232.50
Prison Department
472,337.42
Medical Department
723,228.88
Sanitary Department
-
569,392.24
Botanical and Forestry Department
87,541.09
Education Department
910,063.09
Military Expenditure -
4,247,038.09
Public Works Department
1,248,864.89
Do.
Recurrent
1,822,816.80
Do.
Extraordinary
4,720,000.19
Port Development Department
Port Works Extraordinary -
Post Office -
Kowloon-Canton Railway
Charge on Account of Public Debt
Pensions
Charitable Services
59,299.30
526,670.93
120,848.45
766,402.88
803,272.29
578,765.67
115,842.01
TOTAL
- $23,524,715.94
The balance to the debit on the year's working was $2,393,134 and the assets and liabilities account showed on the 31st December a credit balance of $3,486,290.54.
The following is a statement of the revenue and expenditure of the Colony for the five years 1922-1926 :-
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
:
Revenue.
$5
Expenditure.
$
22,291,065
18,563,003
24,783,763 21,571,905
24,209,640
26,726,428
23,244,365 28,266,870
21,131,582
23,524,716
>
was continuously followed till 1918 except during a brief period in 1911. Coin to the face value of $26,235,459 has thus been redeemed. The total issue by the Hong Kong Government was of the face value of $44,099,830.
STATEMENT OF SUBSIDIARY COINS. Received and redeemed (from 1911)
Blue Book 1911. Amount in circulation.
$43,999,830
Since received :-Copper coin.
1919...
25,000.00
1923...
...
25,000.00
1924...
50,000.00
1925...
25,000.00
1926...
25,000.00
150,000
Total Amount put into circulation......$44,149,830
Less since redeemed :-
1911...
...
...5,527,459.04
1912...
...1,040,000.00
1913...
...1,040,000.00
1914...
...5,000,000.00
1915...
...5,100,000.00
1916...
...
...5,028,000.00
1918...
1922...
500,000.00 ...3,000,000.00
26,235,459.04
Total Amount of coin in circulation in 1926...$17,914,370.96
II. SHIPPING AND TRADE, INDUSTRIES, FISHERIES, AGRICULTURE, AND LAND.
(a.)-SHIPPING.
The total Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1926 amounted to 310,361 vessels of 36,821,364 tons, which compared with the figures of 1925 show a decrease of 68,806 vessels and a decrease of 4,648,220 tons.
Of the above 30,231 vessels of 28,371,104 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade as compared with 41,336 vessels of 32,179,053 tons, in 1925.
There was a decrease in British ocean-going shipping of 515 ships of 609,403 tons. This decrease in ships and tonnage is due to the boycott in China generally.
Foreign ocean-going vessels shows a decrease of 1,295 ships and a decrease of 1,729,675 tons. This decrease in ships and tonnage is due to the boycott in China generally.
British river steamers show an increase of 228 ships and an increase of 18,314 tons or 43.0% in numbers and 16.3% in tonnage. This increase in ships and tonnage is due to the vessels again running on the Canton and West rivers.
Foreign river steamers show a decrease of 1,036 ships and a decrease of 345,143 tons. This decrease in ships and tonnage is due to the foreign river steamers not running until the latter part of the year.
In steamships not exceeding 60 tons employed in foreign trade there is a decrease of 2,557 ships with a decrease in tonnage of 78,167 tons. This decrease in launches and tonnage is due to the boycott in China generally.
A comparison between the years 1925 and 1926 is given in the following table:-
1925.
1926.
Decrease.
Increase.
Class of Vessels)
F
No.
Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No.
Tonnage.
I
..........
British Ocean-
going,
3,916
Foreign Ocean
going,
5,763
British River
Steamers,
4,058
9.866,820 3.401 9,257,417 515 609,403
13,786,954 4,468 12,057,279 1,295 1,729,675;
5,455,115 4,276 5,473,429|
218
18,314
+
Foreign River
Steamers, 1,266
452,878 230
107,735 1,036 345,143
Steamships
under 60
tons (For-
eign Trade) 5.386 Junks, Foreign
Trade,
20,917
165,497 2,829 87,330 2,557 78,167
2,451,789 15,027 1,387,914 5,920 1,063,875
Total, Foreign|
Trade,
41,336 32,179,053 30,231| 28,371,104 11,323 3,826,263 218
18,314
Steam Laun-
ches plying
in Water of
the Colony, 310,924 8,050,939 249,902 6,975,072 61,012
1,075,867
Junks. Local
Trade,
*26,917 *1,239,592†30,218 †1,475,188
3,301
235,596
Grand Total...379,177 41,469,584 310,361 36,821,364 72,335 4,902,130, 3.519
}
Net Decrease,.
65,516
4,648,220
**
+ Including 15,890 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 693,660 tons.
*
16.294
"1
31
"
**
of 736,688
253,910

43
7
Junks in foreign trade show a decrease of 5,290 vessels, and a decrease of 1,063,875 tons. This decrease is due to the boycott in China generally.
In local trade (i.e. between places within the waters of the Colony) there is a decrease in steam-launches of 126,024 and a decrease in tonnage of 2,151,743 tons. This decrease in numbers and tonnage is due to the recent strike and the boycott in China. generally.
Junks in Local trade show an increase of 3,301 vessels and an increase of 235,596 tons. This increase in vessels is due principally to junks held in Canton and districts in 1925 during the boycott being released and coming to Hong Kong waters and remaining here for local trading.
Of vessels of European construction 3,930 ocean steamers, 2,244 river steamers and 1,399 steamships not exceeding 60 tons entered during the year, giving a daily average of 208 ships as compared with 289 ships in 1925 and 412 ships in 1924.
!
Thus -
Steamers.
No. of times entered.
Total Tonnage.
Flag.
1925. 1926. 1925. 1926. 1925.
1926.
British,
371
339 1,946 1,686 4,922,197 4,597.357
1,9461,686 |
Japanese,
207
U.S.A.,
269
1,153 755 2,826,465 69 69 224
2,236,359
236
1,370,638
1,510,383
Chinese,
65
61
323 606
365,450
245,697
German,
33
34
78
90
332,495
337,318
Danish,
12
14
42
23
117,249
78,025
Dutch,
45
40
244
232
754,440
785,696
French,
26
31
177
108
453,272
445,567
Italian,
13
9
35
27
130,895
127,870
Panaman,
1
2
1
3.239
9,953
Chilean,
126
71,549
Norwegian,
33
47
286
111
319,006
152,641
Portuguese, Russian, Siamese,
5
109
33
46,166
23,856
1
915
241
1
377
Swedish,
7
15
Spanish,
3
14
54
12
58,915
46,180
8 37,670
19,236
Belgian
1
3,181
Total..... 1,015
869 4,776 3,930 11,810,938 10,619,560
10
The Nationalities of the Crews in British and in Foreign Ships
were as follows:-
VESSELS.
BRITISH CREW.
OTHER EURO-
PEANS AND AMERICANS.
ASIATICS.
1925. 1926. 1925. 1926. 1925. 1926. 1925. 1926.
British,. 371 339 32,498 36,391 1,320
809 165,776 286,579
Foreign, 644
530 741 611 39,395 38,618 175,884 149,135
Total, 1,015 869 33,239 37,002 40,715 39,427 341,660 435,714
Hence in British ships :-
and in Foreign ships:
1925.
1926.
1925.
1926.
16.28 %
00.66 %
11.24% of the crews were British. 00:25% of the crews were other Europeans & Americans.
00:34 %
00:33 % of the crews were British.
18.24 % 20-50 % of the crews
were other
Europeans &
Americans.
83.06 %
88.51% of the crews were Asiatics.
81.42% 79-17 % of the crews
were Asiatics.
100.00 %
100.00 %
100.00% 100,00 %
TRADE.
The number and tonnage of ships of European type of construction carrying cargo for import and transit compared with 1925 were as follows:- ན-
1925.
1926.
Decrease.
No.
Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage
Steamers,
River Steamers,
Sailing Vessels,
Total,
4,776 11,810,938 3,930 10,619,560 846 1,191,378 3,085 2,947,848 2,244 2,775,474 | 841 172,374
7,861 14,758,786 6,174 13,395,034 1,687 1,363,752
Decrease....
1,687 1,363,752
The corresponding figures relating to ships of European type of construction, shipping bunker coal, are as follows:---
+
EXPORTS.
1925.
1926.
Increase.
Decrease.
No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No.
Tonnage.
No. Tonuage.
4,903 11,842,836| 3,930|10,695,136 2,239 2,960,145 2,262 2,805,690 23
973 1,147,700
154,455
Total,
7,142 | 14,802,981 6,192 13,500,826 23
973
1,302,155
Nett Decrease,
950 1,302,155
Steamers, River Steamers,
1925.
1926.
Increase.
Decrease.
No.
Bunker
Coal. Tons.
No.
Bunker
No.
Coal. Tons.
Bunker
Coal. Tons.
No.
Bunker
Coal. Tons.
Steamers, River Steamers,
4,903
355,707 3,930
252,752
2,239
94,061 2,262
41,504
23
3333
973
102,955
52,557
Total,
7,142
449,768 6,192
294,256
23
973
:.
155,512
Nett Decrease,
950 155,512
11
12
The River Trade compared with 1925 is shown in the
following Table :-
1925...
1926..
Year.
Imports. Tons.
Exports.
Passengers.
Tons.
201,128
318,502
1,800,474
117,421
123,322 1,071,211
The following Tables show the Junk Trade of the Colony for the year 1925 and 1926 :-
IMPORTS.
1925.
1926.
Junks.
Tonnage.
Junks. Tonnage.
Foreign Trade,..............10,196
1,209,742
7,388
704,111
Local Trade,......... 5,327
262,051
6,859
323,352
Total,.....15,523
1,471,793
14,247
1,027,463
Cargo.
Cattle, 309 heads,
Swine, 13,254 heads,
Tons.
35
777
7
General,....
.267,587
Total,......
268,399
EXPORTS.
1925.
1926.
Junks.
Tonnage.
Junks.
Tonnage.
Foreign Trade,.. .10,751
1,242,047
7,639
683,803
Local Trade,......... 5,700
283,88 i
7,065
415,148
Total, 16,451
1,525,928
14,704
1,098,951
Cargo.
Tons.
Kerosine, 581,148 Cases,
20,660
Rice and Paddy,
Coal,
General,
2
6,376
13,591
.324,506
Total,....
365,133
B3
Emigration and Immigration.
Two hundred and sixteen thousand, five hundred and twenty- seven (216,527) emigrants left Hong Kong for various places during the year 1926, (140,534 in 1925). Of these, 131,656 were carried in British ships, and 84,871 in foreign ships.
One hundred and twenty-eight thousand, six hundred and sixty- one (128,661) returning emigrants were reported to have been brought to Hong Kong from the several places to which they had emigrated either from this colony or from coast ports, as against 91,622 in 1925. Of these, 76,147 arrived in British ships, and 52,514 in foreign ships.
Statement of number of emigrants to Straits Settlements, 1915 to 1926, compared with total Chinese emigration.
No. of Emigrants
to
Straits Settlements.
=
Total No. of
Emigrants.
1915
41,278
68,275
1916
82,797
117,653
1917
63,292
96,298
1918
8,019
43,830
1919
11,638
59,969
1920
43,935
105,258
1921
87,324
156,011
1922
50,356
98,393
1923
65,584
120,224
1924
..:
75,682
129,859
1925 -
:
97,552
140,534
1926
157,285
216,527
(b.)-INDUSTRIES.
Sugar. At the commencement of the year prices of raws were low in consequence of the over production during 1925. As there were prospects of the Cuban crop for 1925-26 exceeding that of the previous year the Cuban Congress decided to limit the outturn by legislation. This resulted in strengthening the market and prices of raws advanced, especially towards the end of the year. value of refineds responded to this to some extent, but on account of the continued disturbances throughout China demand was con- siderably curtailed and prices consequently did not reach a corres- ponding level.
The
Rope Making.-The demand for Manila cordage for 1926 was restricted owing to depression in Shipping and the Political trouble in China,
14
(c.)--FISHERIES.
A considerable proportion of the boat population of Hong Kong supports itself by deep-sea fishing, in which pursuit a large number of junks are engaged. The villages of Aberdeen, Stanley, Shauki- wan, and also many in the New Territories, are largely dependent upon this industry for their prosperity. Fresh water fish is im- ported from Canton and the West River: There are oyster beds of considerable value in Deep Bay.
(d)-FORESTRY, AGRICULTURE, AND BOTANY.
Formation of Pine tree plantations.
The extension of old plantations and formation of new ones were carried on both on the Island and in the new Territories, seeds of Pinus Massoniana were sown in situ to the number of 18,700 on low hills adjoining Pokfulum Reservoir, 27,000 on hills adjoining Kowloon Service Reservoir and 24,800 at Shek Li Pui, the total weight of seeds used was fifty-six pounds.
On areas thickly covered with grass and small shrubs, seeds of Pinus Massoniana were sown by the broadcast method, the areas dealt with were hills at Shek Li Pui, Taipo Forestry Reserve, Fan Ling and banks below and above roads at Shek 0, Taipo, Castle Peak, Stubbs and Magazine Gap; the total weight of seeds used was 1,100 pounds.
Other Broadcast Seed Sowing.
110 pounds of seeds of Leucaena glauca were sown broadcast on grassy slopes in many parts of the Colony.
year
Broad-leaved trees planted.
One old trees of Cinnamomum Camphora to the number of 4,300 were added to the existing plantation at Tai Wo Po.
Large numbers of trees were used in the extension and maintenance of roadside planting, the species used being Melaleuca Leucadendron, Cinnamomum Camphora,
Camphora, Bauhinia Blakeana, Bauhinia variegata, Celtis sinensis, Poinciana regia, Bischofia javanica, Albizzia Lebbek, Eriodendron anfractuosum, (Kapok), Sterculia lanceolata, Tristania conferta, Crataeva religiosa, Aleurites Fordii, Aleurites montana and Aleurites triloba.
On Cheung Chau Island various trees to the number of 434 were planted on plots adjoining public paths and buildings.
Care of trees in plantations.
Thick undergrowth and creepers were cleared from the more recently established plantations, in the older plantations thinning was carried out, large creepers cut and clumps of Loranthus removed.


e
T
*
15
Large numbers of Tristania conferta and Cinnamomum Camphora were given a dressing of Solignum to prevent damage by white ants.
Pine tree plantations were free from attack by caterpillars, this most fortunate circumstances being very probably due to unfavour- able weather conditions during an early stage of the life cycle of the pest.
Protection from fire.
The new fire barrier round the Hin Tin Tsun forestry area was completed in August, new barriers 20 feet in breadth were cut round every grave on hills above and below Shek O Road,
The majority of all old fire barriers were cleared before the commencement of the dry season, the total length dealt with amounted to 23 miles in Hong Kong, 7 miles in the New Territories and 5 miles at Fan Ling. The work was still in progress at the end of the year.
All forestry paths were cleared of undergrowth, rocks and other debris, small portions which has been washed out were re-cut and resurfaced.
Nurseries, Agriculture, &e.
Fan Ling Experimental Garden. Two plots of Jute (Corchorus capsularis and Corchorus olitorius) were tried for the first time, the first named grew well and reached a height of 7 feet when it was harvested and retted, samples were forwarded to the Imperial Institute and a report received in due course stated that the fibre was of excellent quality.
Two plots of a large variety of Ground Nuts were planted in an area heavily dressed with vegetable ash and common lime, a heavy crop of excellent nuts was harvested, so far attempts at inducing the farmers to use the improved variety of nut have not been successful.
One plot of Foxglove (Digitalis purpures) was raised, 33 per cent of the young plants (which are biennial) survived the heavy summer rains and were healthy at the end of the year. In due course the fresh leaves will be supplied to the Medical Department.
Little Hong Kong and Kowloon Tsai Tree Nurseries. Large numbers of seedling trees were raised for use on the Island in the former and for the New Territories in the latter.
China Fir (Cunninghamia sinensis) seeds collected locally were sown in both nurseries and give a high percentage of germination, formerly all young trees were raised from cuttings which were not easily obtainable.
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Camphor seedlings to the total number of 12,156 were raised and basketed in readiness for planting in the following year.
Taipo Forestry Reserve. Further additions were made to the plantations on the lower slopes of the reserve, trees planted were Aleurites montana 1,840, Artocarpus integrifolia 390, and Cinnamomum Camphora 2,300.
At the upper end of the reserve and where the grass is shorter a large area was sown by the broadcast method with seeds of Pinus Massoniana and Pinus radiata.
Large numbers of seedling trees of various species were raised in the nursery.
The first and second rice crops were good.
Ginger was extensively planted and harvested and was of very good quality.
There was a noticeable increase in planting of both summer and winter vegetables. Such vegetables were of fair quality only
but found a ready market.
There was a good crop of the poor variety of Ground Nut.
Inspection of Nursery Stocks.
Owing to the fact that the importation of bulbs of Narcissus Tazetta into the United States of America is now prohibited, very small numbers of the bulbs passed through the Colony during the year; formerly a very extensive trade was carried on between the bulb growers in Amoy and the United States of America.
Six consignments totalling 156,880 bulbs were inspected and certificated as against 100 consignments totalling 1,450,660 in 1925.
(e.)-LAND GRANTS AND GENERAL VALUE OF LAND.
The net amount of premium received from Sales of Crown Land exclusive of the New Territories during the year 1926 was $252,530.95 a decrease of $114,995.82 on the preceding year and $1,558,107.64 less than the average of the previous five years; this average is however an unusually high one as it covers the years of the land boom.
The principal items were $95,031.25 for Kowloon Inland Lot No. 1992, $25,810.00 for Inland Lot No. 2615, $24,630 for Inland Lot No. 1946 and $22,525 for Inland Lot No. 2614.
In the New Territories the net amount received for premium was $26,091.79.
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The total area of land granted during the year was 1,386 Acres 3 Roods and 13 poles of which 209 Acres and 8% Poles were dealt with by the District Officers.
The total area resumed was 2,065 Acres 2 Roods 34% Poles including two large mining lots for which mining licences have since been granted.
The number of deeds registered in the Land Office was 4,360 which is a slight increase on the preceding year.
The Northern District of the New Territories has not yet recovered from the Conditions which prevailed in 1925; the demand for building sites in the development areas is still small, on the other hand in rural area there is quite a good demand for agricultural land and many new Village houses are being erected.
In the Southern District there was an almost complete cessation of demand for sites. No European or industrial applications were received, and only three agricultural lots, viz. at Mui Wo, Lantao Island.
There were a few applications for sites on Lantao plateau but these were held up pending completion of the cadastral survey. Considerable trouble has been experienced in securing the fulfil- ment of Building Covenants relating to lots already sold.
III. LEGISLATION.
Sixteen (16) ordinances were passed during 1926, of which five were amendments of previous ordinances.
The most important matters with which these ordinances dealt
were:
The Regulations (No. 1)-The object of this ordinance was to authorise the preparation of a new edition of the regulations in force in the Colony at the end of 1925.
The Rating (Refunds), (No. 3)-The object of this ordinance.
was to refund rates.
The Former Enemy Aliens, (Disabilities Removal) (No. 4)— The object of this ordinance was to repeal certain enact- ments imposing disabilities on former enemy aliens.
The Hong Kong Treasury Bills (Local). (No. 5)-The object of this ordinance was to authorise the Governor-in-Council to borrow by the issue in Hong Kong of Hong Kong Government Treasury bills.
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The Hong Kong Treasury Bills (London), (No. 6)-The object of this ordinance was to authorise the Governor-in-Council to request the Crown Agents for the Colonies to borrow by the issue in London of Hong Kong Government Treasury bills.
The Bank of Canton Limited (Capital Conversion). (No. 8)-
The object of this ordinance was to empower the Company to convert gold capital into silver.
The Wireless Telegraphy (No. 11)-The objects of this ordin- ance were to make it necessary for receiving sets to be licensed and to make it an offence to maintain, or possess, a wireless telegraph station without a license.
The Trade Loan (No. 13)--The object of this ordinance was to charge a certain loan upon the general revenue and assets of the colony of Hong Kong.
IV.-EDUCATION.
The European staff was increased by nine during the year.
The total number of pupils at schools in the Colony excluding the Police School are :-
Number of Pupils.
Total.
English
Vernacular
Schools.
Schools.
Government Schools
3,280
293
3,573
Military Schools -
136
136
Excluded Private Schools
150
150
Grant Schools
3,901
1,041
4,942
Controlled Private
Schools
3,376
21,088
24,464
Controlled
Private
Schools, New Terri-
tories
15
4,890
1,905
Technical Institute
460
460
Total
11,318
27,312
38,630
The most important schools are Queen's College and King's College for Chinese, three District Schools their feeders and the Belilios Public School for Chinese girls. There is an Indian School of growing importance housed in a building presented to the Colony by the late Sir Ellis Kadoorie. The Central School and Kowloon Junior, Victoria and Quarry Bay Schools for children of
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The Hong Kong Treasury Bills (London), (No. 6)-The object of this ordinance was to authorise the Governor-in-Council to request the Crown Agents for the Colonies to borrow by the issue in London of Hong Kong Government Treasury bills.
The Bank of Canton Limited (Capital Conversion). (No. 8)-
The object of this ordinance was to empower the Company to convert gold capital into silver.
The Wireless Telegraphy (No. 11)-The objects of this ordin- ance were to make it necessary for receiving sets to be licensed and to make it an offence to maintain, or possess, a wireless telegraph station without a license.
The Trade Loan (No. 13)--The object of this ordinance was to charge a certain loan upon the general revenue and assets of the colony of Hong Kong.
IV.-EDUCATION.
The European staff was increased by nine during the year.
The total number of pupils at schools in the Colony excluding the Police School are :-
Number of Pupils.
Total.
English
Vernacular
Schools.
Schools.
Government Schools
3,280
293
3,573
Military Schools -
136
136
Excluded Private Schools
150
150
Grant Schools
3,901
1,041
4,942
Controlled Private
Schools
3,376
21,088
24,464
Controlled
Private
Schools, New Terri-
tories
15
4,890
1,905
Technical Institute
460
460
Total
11,318
27,312
38,630
The most important schools are Queen's College and King's College for Chinese, three District Schools their feeders and the Belilios Public School for Chinese girls. There is an Indian School of growing importance housed in a building presented to the Colony by the late Sir Ellis Kadoorie. The Central School and Kowloon Junior, Victoria and Quarry Bay Schools for children of
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British parentage have an average attendance of 272. There is also a school for the children of the Peak District with an average attendance of 42. The Diocesan School and St. Joseph's College are important boys' schools in receipt of an annual grant. The Italian, French, and St. Mary's Convents, the Diocesan Girls' School, and the St. Stephen's Girls School are the most important of the English Grant Schools for girls. There are two Vernacular Normal Schools for Men and Women respectively, and one Verna- cular Middle School.
The Hong Kong Technical Institute affords an opportunity for higher education of students who have left school. Instruction was given in 1926 in Building Construction, Chemistry (Practical and Theoretical), Physics, Electricity, Commercial English, French, Shorthand, Book-keeping and Cookery. Classes for men and women teachers, both "English" and "Vernacular "
Vernacular" are a feature of the Institute.
The lecturers are recruited from the members of the medical and educational faculties of the Colony, and from the Department of Public Works, and receive fees for their services. The Institute is furnished with a well equipped chemical laboratory and excel- lent physical apparatus.
The University of Hong Kong was incorporated under a local University Ordinance, 1911, and opened in 1912. It is a residential University and open to students of both sexes.
The late Sir Hormusjee Mody bore the entire expense of the erection of the main building and additions have been made through the liberality of benefactors of varied nationality and domicile, The latest addition to the buildings is a workshop built out of a contribution from Sir Robert Ho Tung.
The annual income of the University now amounts to about $510,000 of which about $315,000 comes from endowments and $50,000 from Government. Messrs. Butterfield and Swire gave £40,000 to the original endowment fund and subsequently $100,000 for engineering equipment. The Rockefeller Institution has endowed the University with three chairs in surgery, medicine and obstetrics, the endowment being in each case $250,000.
The expenditure for the year 1926 amounted to $495,556.
The University includes the three Faculties of Medicine, Engineering and Arts. Admission to all faculties is conditional upon passing the matriculation examination of the University or some examination recognised as equivalent thereto.
The Faculty of Medicine provides a six year course of study in the usual pre-medical and medical sciences, leading to the degree of M.B., and B.S. The degrees of M.D., and M.S., may
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20
be obtained for post-graduate work. The degrees above mentioned are recognised by the General Medical Council for registration in Great Britain.
The Faculty of Engineering provides a four year course in practical and theoretical engineering, leading to the degree of B.Sc., (Eng.). Fourth year students specialize in civil, in mechanical or in electrical engineering. The degree for post- graduate work is that of M.Sc., (Eng.).
The Faculty of Arts includes departments of pure arts and science, social science, commerce and a department for training teachers. The course is in all cases one of four years and leads to the degree of B.A. The degree for post-graduate work is that of M.A.
With a view to securing the maintenance of the desired standard-which is in all three faculties that of a British University degree-external examiners are, in all faculties, associated with the internal examiners in all annual final examinations. In the Faculty of Engineering, but not in other faculties, degrees with honours are granted, the standard being assessed by special examiners chosen from amongst the external examiners in the University of London.
The degree of LL.D., is granted, honoris causa.
The site of the University was given by the Government of Hong Kong. As subsequently enlarged by minor grants and by purchase, the University estate covers an area of 709,789 sq. ft. The view from the grounds over the harbour is magnificent and the grounds are naturally beautiful.
In the main buildings are housed the chemical and physical laboratories, the University library and portions of the engineer- ing laboratories. They further include the Great Hall, a Senate room and the lecture and class rooms used by the Faculty of Arts and for general purposes.
Special medical buildings include schools of anatomy, phy- siology, pathology and tropical medicine, erected at the cost of Chinese gentlemen resident in the Colony. Clinical instruction is given at the Government Civil Hospital.
Special engineering buildings include:-
(a) a power station, generating light and power for the estate, energy being supplied by internal combustion engines of varied types which are available for instructional purposes ;
(b) a prime movers (steam) and hydraulics laboratory, at present housed in a converted pumping station, formerly the property of the Government; and (e) A workshop, for practical instruction of students.
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21
Electrical machinery (other than the main generating plant), electrical technology, the testing of materials and experimental mechanics are dealt with in the main building.
The larger part of the engineering equipment was the gift of British engineering firms.
Other buildings upon the estate include :-
(a) the Vice-Chancellor's Lodge
(b) Staff-quarters
(c) the resident hostels, and
(d) the University Union Building.
Unless exempted from residence (such exemption being ordinarily granted on the ground that the student's "manner of life" is not such as is catered for in the hostels), every matriculated student is required to reside either in a University or recognised hostel,
The University hostels are three in number-Lugard Hall, Eliot Hall and May Hall.
Recognised hostels are at present two in number-Morrison Hall, situated immediately above the University grounds and conducted by the London Missionary Society, and St. John's Hall, immediately opposite the front of the University, conducted by the Church Missionary Society.
Each student occupies a separate room or cubicle, and there are the usual common rooms. Each University hostel is in charge.
of a member of the staff, as resident warden.
No University hostel at present exists for women students- whose right to admission to the University was first recognised in 1921; but some arrangements for the accommodation of a few women students in a rented building have been made by the authorities of St. Stephen's Girls' College, a Church of England girls' school which is near the University. The nuns of a neigh- bouring Italian convent are also prepared to house a few women students.
The tuition fee is $300-the hostel fee which includes board and lodging is $300. A student who is allowed to live in a hostel during a vacation-some have to because of their work, e.g. medical students, and others because their homes are too far away pay at the rate of $8 a week. When a student joins he is required to de- posit caution money to the extent of $25, and to pay a registration fee of $5. The annual subscription to the University Union is $15 and this covers the annual subscription to practically all the athletic clubs. The graduation fee is $25. Probably about $1,200 repre- sents the minimum amount which at present prices would cover a student's annual expenses including vacations. It would cost a
:
22
Chinese student who goes abroad $2,500 a year at the very least, and this would not cover travelling expenses.
Numerous scholarships are available, including the King Edward VII Scholarships founded by His Majesty's Government. There are also scholarships provided by the Governments of Hong Kong, of the Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States, of Kedah and Siam.
The Union is the centre of the social life of the students. It is at once a Club and a centre of athletics. The Union Committee contains certain members of the University teaching staff, but its President and Secretary are undergraduates elected by the under- graduates. The undergraduate members of the Committee are also elected by their fellow students. There is a Union magazine with English and Chinese sections. The editors are students, a member of the teaching staff acting as assistant editor. There are twenty-one women students; these women students are all members of the Union.
Students of the University come from Kwangtung, Chilhi, Hankow, Hupeh, Yunnan, Hunan, Shanghai, Pekin, Fukien, Singa- pore, Penang, Kuala Lumpur, Kedah, Jahore, Java, Manila, Burma, Siam, Japan, India and Macao. The present enrolment is 289 of whom 248 are Chinese and 43 non-Chinese.
PUBLIC WORKS.
BUILDINGS.
During the year progress as stated was made on the following works:-
Hong Kong. Work on the new Fire Brigade Station proceeded satisfactorily and the building was completed and occupied during the period September to December.
The following works were also completed during the year :-
New King's College, the New Sisters' Quarters to the Govern- ment Civil Hospital and the Alterations to the Victoria Hospital. Work on the Additional Quarters in Ventris Road was recommen- ced in March and continued satisfactorily to the end of the year.
Kowloon.-The small amount of work remaining to be done to the New Hospital was completed early in the year and a few minor improvements were carried out to other buildings.
New Kowloon.-The work for the New Gaol at Ngau Shi Wan was left in abeyance.
New Territories.-Married Quarters for Chinese Police were completed at the following stations:-Cheung Chau, Sai Kung, Taipo and Sha Tau Kok.
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The work of erection of Quarters for Cadets at Canton was suspended until about the end of October; from this time until the end of the year satisfactory progress was made.
COMMUNICATIONS.
Hong Kong. The work on the road contouring Wong Nei Chong and Tai Hang Valleys made slow progress, owing to difficulty with resumptions of lots at Tai Hang Village: the section near Tai Hang Village remains uncompleted.
The work on the road from Causeway Bay to Quarry Bay was held in abeyance.
The Road construction in the Wong Nei Chong Development Scheme made fair progress.
Kowloon.-The removal of the hill obstruction at the junction of Nathan Road and Gascoigne Road was completed.
To Kwa Wan Road and Argyle Street Extension to Waterloo Road made fair progress.
The work on Chatham Road proceeded slowly and the contract was closed before the end of the year.
The Mong Kok-Kowloon City road was completed.
New Kowloon.--Waterloo Road from Kowloon Boundary to foot hills made fair progress.
New Territories.-The Fanling-Sha Tau Kok Road and the widening of all the bridges on the Castle Peak Fanling Road, in- cluding those at Au Tau and Kam T'sin, were completed. The construction of the approach to the New Bridge at Tai Po to replace that washed away in 1925 made fair progress.
DRAINAGE.
Hong Kong-Considerable progress was made on the recon- struction of Wong Nei Chong Nullah, sections 1 and 2 (from Blue Pool to the Race Stands) being practically completed.
New Sewers and storm water drains were constructed, to the extent of 6,500 feet.
Good progress was made with the redrainage of the area between the Praya and Queen's Road East, in connection with the Praya East Reclamation Scheme.
Kowloon.-The Ma Tau Chung Nullah was completed. Storm water drains from 15" to 66" in diameter were constructed in the Matauchung District, to a length of 5,600 feet.
24
The main sewer from Fuk Tsun Heung to Kowloon Tong, east of the Railway, was completed. It varies in size from 6" to 33′′ and is 8,500 feet in length.
Other sewers and storm water drains were constructed to the extent of 7,000 feet.
New Kowloon.-The drainage of the Kowloon Tong Development Area was proceeded with, sewers and storm water drains being constructed to the extent of 6,500 feet and 3,000 feet respectively.
Other sewers and storm water drains were laid to the extent of 2,900 feet.
The extension of the Mong Kok Tsui Nullah from the Old Kowloon Boundary to the Kowloon range of hills progressed slowly.
New Territories –Various works were carried out, largely of an anti-malarial nature.
WATER WORKS.
Hong Kong.-The eastern half of the Service Reservoir at the Eastern Filter Beds was completed, with the exception of the roof, and was put into use, while the invert and walls of the western section were approaching completion.
The new Simpson Engine at Tytam Tuk Pumping Station was completed and placed in commission after satisfactory tests had been run.
Stanley Mound East Catchwater was satisfactorily completed.
Totals of 950 lin. ft. of 18" diameter, 2,500 lin. ft. of 15" diameter and 300 lin. ft. of 6" diameter C.I. pipes were laid in Monmouth Path, Queen's Road Central and D'Aguilar Street res- pectively during the year.
A Contract for the Chemical House and Concrete Filter Beds at Bowen Road was let and good progress had been made by the end of the year.
New mechanical sand washers were received during the year and a considerable saving has been affected in sand washing costs.
Kowloon.-Improvements and renewals to the distributing system were continued.
The four new filter beds at Lai Chi Kok Pass were completed and placed in commission.
The extension to Beacon Hill Catchwater was completed.
Shing Mun Valley Scheme.-The Access Road from Tsun Wan to Pineapple Pass was completed.
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£

K
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The North and South Tunnels under Smugglers' Ridge and Golden Hill respectively, a total length of 6,672 lin. ft.. were completed.
The Reception Reservoir was completed and filled with water from the Shing Mun River by means of the tunnels before the end of the year.
The 24" diameter steel mains arrived from England, but no laying was undertaken.
RECLAMATIONS.
Hong Kong.-Praya East, about 90 acres, of which about 581 acres were reclaimed by the end of the year.
Quarry Bay.-34 acres, wholly completed.
North Point. Private scheme, 234 acres, approximately 19 acres completed.
Kowloon.-Tai Kok Tsui Reclamation, total area 54 acres approximately, of which 48 acres were reclaimed at the end of the
year.
New Kowloon.-Sham Shui Po Reclamation comprising an area of 66 acres almost completed except for sea wall.
Kai Tack Reclamation, private enterprise, practically no work done during the year.
Kowloon Bay West Reclamation, satisfactory progress made, about 74 acres formed by the end of the year.
Kowloon Bay East Reclamation, 184 acres, approximately 1532 acres completed
New Territories.-Further reclamation work undertaken by
the Standard Oil Co., in progress.
PIERS.
Hong Kong. Work on the contract for overhauling and repair- ing Blake Pier was commenced towards the end of the year.
MISCELLANEOUS.
Fair progress was made with the levelling of the Kowloon Tong Development Scheme Areas, approximately 13 acres being handed over to the Company during the year.
The total amount expended on Public Works Extraordinary was $4,720,000.19 and on annually recurrent works $1,822,816.80.
26
RAILWAY.
The Water Tank and Tower at Kowloon was completed. The old tank together with the wooden coal ramp was dismantled and the existing water column connected by a 6 inch pipe to the new tank. The base of the tower was covered with a cement concrete floor.
was
A contract for the Extension to Platform Awnings, Kowloon was let in October of last year. Owing to the softness of the column foundations, hardwood piles had to be substituted for the usual China fir piles. Apart from this, the construction exactly similar to the existing portion. Considerable delay was experienced in completing this work owing to the Asbestos Corrugated Sheets arriving in a badly damaged condition. Approximately only 50% were intact aud fresh sheeting was obtained through a local firm. This arrived in good order and the work was completed before the end of the year.
2,200 feet of Cement Concrete Channels were laid in No. 1 Cutting. A good deal of rock cutting was involved.
out.
At Taipo Station a considerable amount of work was carried All drains at or near the station have een attended to with a view to preventing as far as possible mosquito breeding areas within the Railway boundaries.
A portion of the existing channel in Gills Cutting was taken up and relaid,
A further 3 bays of the Running Shed roof were stripped and replaced with Asbestos Corrugated Sheeting. Only 2 bays now remain to be done.
The brick arches formerly partitioning the old and extended portions of Running Shed No. 2 were dismantled in order to give more room for overhauling locomotives. The glazing in the roof of the Machine and Erecting Shops was painted green in an endeavour to lower the temperature of these shops which is very oppressive during the summer months.
A new butt end loading ramp for vehicles was constructed at the siding near the Railway Pier, Kowloon Station.
The Sea Wall in front of Kowloon Station was grouted with cement mortar.
The shafts on both sides of Beacon Hill Tunnel were found hollowed out on the top. They were filled in, and turfed and channels constructed around them.
Attempts were made to lessen the water leakage inside the
{
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tunnel,
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VI.-GOVERNMENT AND AIDED INSTITUTIONS.
(a)-HOSPITALS.
Government Hospitals consist of the Civil Hospital, to which is attached an isolated Maternity Hospital, the Victoria Hospital for Women and Children, Kowloon Hospital and the Kennedy Town Infectious Diseases Hospital.
The Civil Hospital contains 198 beds in 23 wards. 5,381 in-patients and 16,969 out-patients were treated during 1926 as against 5,774 and 30,889 respectively in 1925. 665 cases of malarial fever were admitted as against 1,140 in 1925 and 1,020 in 1924. The total cases of malaria for all Government Hospitals and the Tung Wa Hospital shows a decrease of 293 cases as compared with the year 1925. The Maternity Hospital contains 9 beds for Europeans, plus 3 extra beds, and 8 for Asiatics. 626 confinements occurred during the year as against C68 in 1925. The Victoria Hospital at the Peak contains 90 beds, and during 1926, 267 patients were under treatment there. At Kennedy Town Hospital, which contains 26 beds, 13 cases were treated in 1926, being infectious. The Kowloon Hospital contains 48 beds, and during 1926, 894 patients were treated.
(b)-LUNATIC ASYLUM.
The Asylum is under the direction of the Medical Officer in Charge of the Civil Hospital. European and Chinese patients are separated, the European portion containing 14 beds in separate wards and the Chinese portion 16 beds. 290 patients of all races were treated during 1926 and there was 16 deaths.
(c.)-THE TUNG WA AND OTHER CHINESE HOSPITALS.
The Tung Wa Hospital, opened in 1872, is mainly supported by the voluntary subscriptions of Chinese, but receives an annual grant of $8,000 from the Government. Only Chinese are treated in this institution. Various other services not appertaining to a hospital are performed by the institution, such as the free burial of the poor, the repatriation of destitutes, the maintenance of free vernacular schools, and the organisation of charitable relief in emergencies: Chinese as well as European methods of treatment. are employed in accordance with the wishes expressed by the patients or their friends. Over half the number are now treated by Western methods. The hospital is managed by a committee of Chinese gentlemen annually elected, their appointment being sub- mitted to the Governor for confirmation. It is under the supervi- sion of a visiting physician, who is a member of the Medical Department, whilst two Chinese house surgeons, trained in Western medicine, are members of the hospital staff. There are 480 beds in the buildings, and 7,951 patients were accommodated during 1926.
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30
The Tung Wa also maintain a branch hospital for small-pox cases (Chinese only) at Kennedy Town. It contains 70 beds and during 1926, 23 cases were treated.
The Kwong Wa Hospital for Chinese in the Kowloon Peninsula was opened on the 9th October, 1911. It occupies a site having an area of three acres and provides accommodation for 226 patients. The existing buildings contain 226 beds and 6,336 patients were accommodated during 1926. The collection of sub- scriptions and the supervision of the building were undertaken by a special committee under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. The hospital received a grant of $33,500 in 1926 from the Government.
VII.—INSTITUTIONS NOT SUPPORTED BY GOVERNMENT.
Among institutions recognised and encouraged, but not to any considerable extent supported by Government may be mentioned the Pó Leung Kuk, the Eyre Refuge, the City Hall, and the Chinese Public Dispensaries.
The Pó Leung Kuk is a Chinese Society founded in 1878 for the suppression of kidnapping and traffic in human beings. It was incorporated in 1893 and is presided over by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs and not more than twelve directors nominated by the Governor. The actual management is entrusted to a committee elected annually by the members of the Society. The Society's buildings have been declared a Refuge under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance, and almost all women and girls detained by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under that Ordinance are sent to the Pó Leung Kuk. During 1926 the number of persons admitted was 299 and at the close of the year 45 remained under the care of the Society. The inmates are under the immediate charge of a Chinese matron, and instruction is given them by the matron and a Chinese teacher in elementary subjects and in needlework.
The Chinese Public Dispensaries are institutions maintained in order to provide the Chinese with the services of doctors, whose certificates will be accepted by the Registrar of Deaths, and with the services of interpreters, who can assist the inmates of houses, where a case of infectious disease has occurred. Coolies are engaged and ambulances and dead vans provided in order to remove cases of infectious disease to the Infectious Diseases Hospital and dead bodies to the Mortuary. The Dispensaries receive sick infants and send them to one or other of the Convents and arrange for the burial of dead infants. Free advice and medicine are given and patients are attended at their houses. There are eight Dispensaries in existence. The total cost of maintenance was $77,375 for the year 1925.
The Government makes an annual grant of $12,000, and the rest of the cost is defrayed by voluntary subscription. The Dispensaries are conducted by committees under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.
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30
The Tung Wa also maintain a branch hospital for small-pox cases (Chinese only) at Kennedy Town. It contains 70 beds and during 1926, 23 cases were treated.
The Kwong Wa Hospital for Chinese in the Kowloon Peninsula was opened on the 9th October, 1911. It occupies a site having an area of three acres and provides accommodation for 226 patients. The existing buildings contain 226 beds and 6,336 patients were accommodated during 1926. The collection of sub- scriptions and the supervision of the building were undertaken by a special committee under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. The hospital received a grant of $33,500 in 1926 from the Government.
VII.—INSTITUTIONS NOT SUPPORTED BY GOVERNMENT.
Among institutions recognised and encouraged, but not to any considerable extent supported by Government may be mentioned the Pó Leung Kuk, the Eyre Refuge, the City Hall, and the Chinese Public Dispensaries.
The Pó Leung Kuk is a Chinese Society founded in 1878 for the suppression of kidnapping and traffic in human beings. It was incorporated in 1893 and is presided over by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs and not more than twelve directors nominated by the Governor. The actual management is entrusted to a committee elected annually by the members of the Society. The Society's buildings have been declared a Refuge under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance, and almost all women and girls detained by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under that Ordinance are sent to the Pó Leung Kuk. During 1926 the number of persons admitted was 299 and at the close of the year 45 remained under the care of the Society. The inmates are under the immediate charge of a Chinese matron, and instruction is given them by the matron and a Chinese teacher in elementary subjects and in needlework.
The Chinese Public Dispensaries are institutions maintained in order to provide the Chinese with the services of doctors, whose certificates will be accepted by the Registrar of Deaths, and with the services of interpreters, who can assist the inmates of houses, where a case of infectious disease has occurred. Coolies are engaged and ambulances and dead vans provided in order to remove cases of infectious disease to the Infectious Diseases Hospital and dead bodies to the Mortuary. The Dispensaries receive sick infants and send them to one or other of the Convents and arrange for the burial of dead infants. Free advice and medicine are given and patients are attended at their houses. There are eight Dispensaries in existence. The total cost of maintenance was $77,375 for the year 1925.
The Government makes an annual grant of $12,000, and the rest of the cost is defrayed by voluntary subscription. The Dispensaries are conducted by committees under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.
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VIII.-CRIMINAL AND POLICE.
The total of all cases reported to the Police was 20,048 being an increase of 3,265 or 8 3 per cent as compared with 1925. There was in 1926 an increase in serious offences of 599 or 158 per cent as compared with the previous year. The number of serious offences reported was 185 above the average of the quinquennial period commencing with the year 1922. The number of minor offences reported shows an increase of 2,666 as compared with 1925 and was 3,355 over the average of the quinquennial period.
The total strength of the Police Force in 1926 was Europeans 246, Indians 572, Chinese 946 making a total of 1,764 exclusive of the eight superior officers and staff of clerks and coolies. These figures include police paid for by the Railway and other Government departments. Of this force 16 Europeans, 79 Indians, and 98 Chinese were stationed in the New Territories during the year.
The District Watchmen Force, numbering 122, to which the Government contributes $2,000 per annum, was well supported by the Chinese during the year.
These watchmen patrol the
streets in the Chinese quarter of the City. They are placed on police beats and are supervised by the European police on section patrol. A detective branch of the force has done useful work under the supervision of a European Inspector.
The total number of persons committed to Victoria Gaol was 6,511 as compared with 6,339 in 1925. Of these 1,154 were committed for criminal offences against 613 in 1925. Of committals for non-criminal offences there were 106 less for hawking without a licence, and 2 more for unlawfully cutting trees, than in 1925.
The daily average of prisoners confined in the Gaol was 1,054 the average for 1925 being 1,116, and the highest previous average being 1,066 in 1924. The percentage of prisoners to population, according to the daily average of the former and the estimated number of the latter, was 013. The average percentage for the last ten years was 013. Owing, however, to the large floating population, which is constantly moving between the Colony and Chinese Territory, the percentage of crime to population does not convey an accurate idea of the comparative criminality of the residents of the Colony. The Victoria Gaol has accommodation for 700 prisoners including patients in Hospital. The Branch Prison · at Laichikok has accommodation for 450 prisoners in association.
The prison discipline was satisfactory, the average of punish- ments per prisoner being 0.49 as compared with 0.71 in 1925 and 0,43 in 1924.
Long sentence prisoners serving two years and upwards are taught useful trades, including printing, book-binding, tin- smithing, mat-making, tailoring, carpentering, etc. The profit on the work done was $148,667.80 as against $122,221.20 in 1925. A sum of $4,029 was received and credited to Government for non-Government work as against $3,758 in 1925.
32
IX.-VITAL STATISTICS.
(a.)-POPULATION.
The civil population of the Colony, according to the census taken on April 24th, 1921, was 625,166, of whom 83,163 reside in the New Territories and in New Kowloon; at the census taken in 1911 it was 456,739 with 101,287 as the figure for the New Territories and New Kowloon. The estimated total population at the middle of the year under review was 874,420, but this includes the New Territories; and, as the birth and death figures given below do not include those from this area (with the exception of New Kowloon), the population for the purposes of calculating these rates is estimated at 786,920, of whom 16,500 were non-Chinese.
The distribution of population estimated to the middle of 1925 was as follows:-
Non-Chinese Civil Community,...
16,500
Chinese
Population.
City of Victoria (including Peak),...
465,000
Villages of Hong Kong, .
33,040
Kowloon (including New Kowloon),
200,000
New Territories,
87,500
Population afloat,
72,380
Total Chinese Population, ...
Total Civil Population,
857,920
874,420
(b.)-PUBLIC HEALTH AND SANITATION.
The birth-rate for the year was 418* per 1,000 among the Chinese community and 190 per 1,000 among the non-Chinese community, as compared with 4 16 and 190 for 1925.
The death-rate for the year was 1601 per 1,000 among the Chinese community and 102 among the non-Chinese civil com- munity, as compared with 19′12 and 14·6 for 1925.
The deaths from Malaria numbered 587 (702 in 1925). The deaths of Chinese from this cause in the City of Victoria numbered 161 out of a population of 465,000 or a rate of 0.34 per 1,000 per annum.
The deaths from Plague numbered nil. The last deaths from Plague occurred in 1923.
Small-pox deaths numbered 26 of which 25 were Chinese.
* This figure is wholly misleading as it is impossible to register more than a portion of the births.
!
33
There were 3,567 deaths from respiratory diseases other than Pulmonary Tuberculosis as compared with 4,290 in 1925, and 25 of these were among the Non-Chinese community. Pulmonary Tuber- culosis claimed 1,489 Chinese and 28 non-Chinese victims whilst other forms of Tuberculosis represent an additional 395 deaths making a total of 1,912 or 16·17 per cent. of the total deaths among the community.
Beri-beri was responsible for 1,192 deaths, as compared with 1,744 during 1925 and 1,502 in 1924.
A tabular statement of the principal causes of death is appended.
(c)--CLIMATE.
The climate of Victoria is similar in its broad features to that of Kowloon and the Now Torritorios, but at the higher levels, from 1,400 to 1,800 feet above sou level the temperature is on the average about 2" lower than at the Observatory, Kowloon, in the winter, and 8" lower in the summer. The humidity is usually greater thun in Kowloon and approachios saturation" for several days at a time during March and April when mist is very provalent. In summer the city of Victoria, and the rising terraces behind it, derive little or no benefit from the SW monsoon, being sheltered by steep hills from SE to SW. In winter it is exposed to the NE monsoon, which occasionally blows along the harbour through Lyemun Pass with considerable violence. On the other hand the south-west side of the Island is protected from the NE monsOON in winter and enjoys the benefit of the SW monsoon in summer.
POSTAL AND TELEGRAPH SERVICES.
The total revenue from the postal service in 1926 amounted to $698,606.13 being $54,394.61 more than that collected in 1925. The net expenditure amounted to $263,775.04. The balance of revenue over expenditure amounted to $434,831.09.
The revenue collected in 1926 from radio-telegrams amounted to $67,201.39 being $13,141.30 less than that collected in 1925. Advices of vessels signalled at the lighthouses yielded $903.60, semaphore messages $28.30 and Wireless Receiving Stations $125.00, making a total of $68,258.29 for the telegraph service. The expenditure amounted to $61,926.86. The number of radio-telegrams forwarded during the year was 7,836 consisting of 81,010 words, and 13,725 were received consisting of 156,128 words.

30th August, 1927.
W. T. SOUTHORN, Colonial Secretary.
— 34 -
Table 1.-DEATHS REGISTERED IN THE COLONY OF hong kong duRING 1926.
▲ J I'******
Yellow Fever.
Rabies (Hydrophobia.)
Dengue Fever.
Paratyphoid Fever,
Influenza.
• Small-pox.
Measles.
Typhoid Fever.
Diphtheria.
:
:
:
:
:
:
-
14
13
2
دن
12
:
:
...
:
:
M.
:
...
·
:.
333
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:.
10
ON
Cerebro-spinal
Meningitis.
Dysentery..
Plague.
Malarial Fever.
Cholera.
Puerperal Fever.
Septic Infections.
Syphilis.
Poisoning. Injuries. Developmental Diseases.
Old Age.
General Tuberculosis.
Beri-beri.
Cancer.
Paralysis and Convulsions.
Heart Diseases.
Pneumonia.
Phthisis & Pulmonary Tuberculosis.
Enteritis and Gastro- Enteritis.
Cirrhosis of Liver.
Peritonitis.
Nephritis.
Other causes.
Unknown.
All causes.
4
15 6
10
10
16
28
4
2
h
56 2
180
:
93
19
7
92
172
...
5
10
10168
59 133 214 | 141 |110|570 | 07
26
82112 1,331|994|527
14 211 2277 61
7,531
10
3
1
7
19
1
7
2
31
10
76
6.
45 4 2
1
56
48
22
2
ลง
Ko
14 54 51
484
11
7
1
72
294
12
54
7
43
14151 76/419
34
18
52
830 | 359 149
4 9178 417
74
3,606
4
9
25
5
3
3
15 46
3
2
1
39
:
:
:
:
:.
:.
:.
:
:
:
...
22 58
:
...
:
:
:
:
:
88
:.
:
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:
...
:
:..
:
:.
:
D.
:
:
:
:
:
2
:.
12 283
F
:
:
2
10
2
3
-
36
:
34 12 11
2
6 30
43
...
:
6
...
888
8
328
66
:.
:
:
...
:
1
3
20
10
:
:.
1
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
125
3
147
6
5
16
26
1 121
45
41
3
91
2 16
ཀླ
នី ៖
N
24 237
73, 228 259 | 504
200 1192 111 105 176
2,273 1517 1015
33
28 425 2909| 204|12,516
3
56376|
74 366 293 577 253 1744 116 110 202 2,878 |1831|1080 35
28. 433 2931 292 14,991
i
Appendix A
FINANCIAL RETURNS FOR T:
COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF THE REVENUE AND EXPENDITURI
Heads of Revenue.
Estimates,
1926.
Light Dues
Actual Revenue
to 31st December,
1926.
150,000
110,543.80
Revenue for same period of
Increase.
Decrease.
Heads
preceding year.
$
C.
C.
127,113.64
Do.,
Special Assess-
ment
165,000
127,655.26
138,330.30
Licences and Internal Re-
venue
not otherwise
specified -
Fees of Court or Office,
c.
16,569.84
H. E. t
Cadet S
Junior
Colonia
part
10,675.04
ture Secreta
Affi
Treasu
Audit 1
District
15,268,923 14,020,850.58
17,029,003.58
3,008,153.00
Post O
Import
Payments for specific
purposes, and Reim- bursements in Aid
1,488,587.15 1,710,060
1,571,609.93
Def Harbou
part Royal Fire Bi
83,022.78 Supren
Attorn
Crown
and
Post Office
790,000
766,539.87
725,245.51
·4,294.36
Magist
Police
Prisons
Medica
Kowloon-Canton Railway
787,500
538,044.73 432,846.80
Sanitar
105,197.93
¦
Botanic
Def
Rent of Government Pro-
perty, Land and Houses
1,361,810
1,264,799.24
1,232,704.36
32,094.88
Educat Public
mei
Public
Dc
Port 1
Interest
360,000
237-443-67
612,786.04
375,342.37
par: Port \
nar
Kowlo
Miscellaneous Receipts -
274,450 2,290,775-73
804,483.16
1,486,292.57
Militar
Volunt
Charge
Pul
Pensio.
Charit:
Total (exclusive of Land
Sales)-
Miscell
20,867,743 20,845,240.03 22,674,123.32
1,664,879-74
3,493.763.03
Judicia
par
Land Sales, (Premia on
New Leases)
500,000
286,341.61
570,242.62
283,901.01
TOTAL
21,367,743 21,131,581.64 23,244,365.94
1,664,879.74 3,777,664.04
Deduct
Not
1,664,879.74
2,112,784.30
Appendix A.
!ANCIAL RETURNS FOR THE YEAR 1926.
VENUE AND EXPENDITURE FOR THE PERIOD ENDED 31ST DECEMBER, 1926.
Estimates,
ease.
Decrease.
Heads of Expenditure.
1926.
Actual Expenditure to 31st December, 1926.
Expenditure for same period of preceding
Increase.
Decrease.
1
year.
f.
C.
JA
C.
$$3
16,569.84
H. E. the Governor
94,104
115,162.79
C.
104,018.69
II. I
,144.10
C.
$
C.
Cadet Service
346,836
292,521.59
307,301.43
14,779.84
Junior Clerical Service
690,257
669,125.82
669,125.82
Colonial Secretary's De-
partment and Legisla-
10,675.04
ture
56,373
55,136.12
69,472.10
14,335.98
Secretariat for Chinese
Affairs
9,398
8,147.42
29,225.63
21,078.21
Treasury -
27,375
25,405.41
74,597.49
49,192.08
Audit Department
43,530
+5,609.05
50,706.40
5,097.35
District Offices
29,076
25,886.61
25,886.61
3,008,153.00
Post Office
254,423
120,848.45
271,819.66
159,971.21
Imports and
Exports
Department -
881,026
667,665.32
878,166.55
210,501.23
Harbour Master's De-
partment -
678,244
619,442.78
833,133.11
213,690.33
Royal Observatory-
36,641
45,158.87
41,955-5
3,203.36
Fire Brigade
180,487
206,232.50
333,846.85
127,614-35
83,022.78 Supreme Court -
127,213
133,680.40
133,680.40
Attorney General
-
22,516
23,986.97
23,986.97
Crown Solicitor's Office
and Land Registry-
58,945
67,386.52
67,386.52
294.36
Magistracies -
17,008
16,230.95
16,230.95
Police Force -
1,756,865
1,745,084.97
1,898,822.77
153,737.80
Prisons Department
513,727.
472,337-42
462,827.04
9,510.38
Medical Department
769,911
723,228.88
623,241.10
99.987.78
.197.93
Sanitary Department
688,319
569,392.24
645,249.62
75,857.38
!
Botanical and Forestry
Department -
95,33.1
87,541.09
96,371.78
8,830.69
094.88
Port Development De-
375,342.37
Education Department Public Works Depart→
ment
Do., Extraordinary-
partment
Port Works Extraordi-
nary
928,505
910,063.09
1,019,905.23
109,842.14
1,429,207
Public Works, Recurrent-
1,199,700
4.988,500
1,248,864.89 1,822,816.80 4,720,000.19
1,425,010.21 !
176,145.32
1,574,431.75 8,638,930.87
248,385.05
3,918,930.68
104,606
59,299.30
77,500.16
18,200.86
605,000
526,670.93
638,265.89
111,594.96
Kowloon-Canton Railway
630,893
766,402.88
762,271.89.
4,130.99
292.57
Military Contribution-
4,024,234
4,198,057.87
Volunteer Defence Corps-
57,736
48,980.22
4,352,856.45
105,818.36
Charge on Account of
Public Debt-
998,604
803,272.29
952,346.91
62,435,16
149,074.62
Pensions
591,200
578,765.67
516,330.5 1
36,355,87
Charitable Services
94,487
115,842.01
79.486.14
Miscellaneous Services
760,338
990,467.63
1,170,650.55:
180,182.92
879.74
3,493.763.03
Judicial and Legal De-
partments
338,075.65
338,075.65
283,901.01
879-74
3,777,664.04
TOTAL
$1,664,879-74
➢༢{ ཀྭ^
23.790,615 23.524,715.94 28,266,817.94 1,411,449.96 6,153,551.96
Deduct
1,411,449.96
101
Statement of Assets and Liabilities on the 31st December, 1926.
LIABILITIES.
$
C.
ASSETS.
$
C.
Deposits not Available..........
Suspense Account...
1,089,799.20
Subsidiary Coins
Postal Agencies
Coal Account
Overdraft, Bauk
Crown Agents' Current Account
Adjustment of Exchange Account.
13,330.43
Advances .....
1,792,357.32
179,074.07
515,376.38
Building Loans.
4,384.43
Imprest.
173,230.13
House Service Account
14,723.83
367,715.66
Investment Account
Lorry Haulage Account
Unallocated Stores, (P.W.D.).............
Unallocated Stores, (Railway)
1,571,114.26
4,319.08
5,600.36
345,928.74
175,353.09
1,591,203.47*
.01
Total Liabilities
2,178,560.06
Balance
Total
3,486,290.54
5,664,850.60
Total
5,664,850.60
* Invested as follows :-
AMOUNT OF STOCK, &c.
NOMINAL VALUE.
COST PRICE.
MARKET VALUE.
DOLLAR INVESTMENT.
Hong Kong War Loan, 1921-1928 .......6 % Stock.
STERLING INVESTMENT.
$120,000.00
$120,000.00
$120,000.00
Cape of Good Hope, (1929-49)
34% Stock.
Do.,
(1933-43)
3
£ 7,073.13. 2 5,607. 5. 0
£ 5,793.13. 8
(80)
£ 5,658.18. 6
4,388. 1.11
(79)
35
4,429.14. 7
Ceylon, (1984-59)
31
""
2,556. 8. 5
2,017. 0. 4
(76)
1,942.17. 7
Do., (1939-59)
4
3,889.17. 5
3,460.16. 6
(87)
32
3,384. 3. 9
Gold Coast, (1939-59).
Do., (1934-59).
"
4,935. 9. 8
4,343. 9. 9 (86)
!
4,244.10. 4
Jamaica, (1941-71)
܀
.4
Do,
Natal, (1934-44)
(1919-49).
Do., (1929-49)
Newcastle Corporation, (1945-55).
New Zealand, (1945)
Queensland, (1930)
Southern Nigeria, (1930-55)
29
""
3
"
200. 0. 0 2,000. 0. 0 4,635. 0. 0 200. 0. 0 7,600. 0. 0
160, 1.0 1,910. 4. 0 3,870. 5. 6
(77) (92)
(79xp) (79xD)
167.11. 0
(83)
154. 0. 0 1,840. 0. 0 3,661.13. ◊
166. 0. 0
5,646. 7. 0
(74)
5,624. 0. 0
4층,
20,000. 0. 0
19,200. 0. 0
(93)
18,600. 0. 0
"
3
3,000. 0..0
2,310. 4. 0
(77)
2,310. 0. 0
""
N
Do.,
(1940-60)
Sudan, (1950-74)
Union of South Africa, (1940-60)
5
.5
35,323. 5. 2 50,000, 0. 0
32,954.11. !
(93)
32,850.12. 7
49,500. 0. 0
(79)
39,500. 0. 0
2,494,14. 2
1,999. 1. 7
(80)
1,995.15. 4
""
14,800. 0. 0
12,728. 0. 0
12,728. 0. 0
21,000. 0. 0.
20,895. 0, 0
20,895. 0. 0
£185,315.13. 0£ 171,314. 7. 4
£159,985. 5. 8
*No quotation.
Appendix A (1)
REPORT ON THE FINANCES FOR THE YEAR 1926.
REVENUE.
The total revenue for the year amounted to $21,131,582 being $236,161 less than the estimate and $2,112,784 less than the revenue in 1925.
Compared with that year there were decreases under all the heads except Post Office, Rent of Government Property, Kowloon Canton Railway and Miscellaneous Receipts of which the first two show slight increases, the third has increased by approximately 25%, and the last named has been almost trebled.

2. The principal sub-heads showing excess over the estimate were as follows:
EXCESS.
(a) Assessed Taxes
$136,668
(b) Fines
34,169
(c) Foreitures
55,749
(d) Court Fees
27,302
(c) Medical
Examination
of
Emigrants
23,957
(f) K.C.R. Passenger Service
(Home Line)
114,704
(9) Lands not Leased (Permits) ...
23,292
(h) Leased Lands (Crown Rents).....
51,585
1,980,361
25,429
(i) Other Miscellaneous Receipts... (1) Royalty payable by Hong
Kong Telephone Co., Ltd..
The above increases were chiefly due to the numbers of Chinese returning to the Colony in the latter part of the year as regards (a), (f), (g), (h). The large increase in other Miscellaneous Receipts is accounted for by the transfer to Revenue of accumulated Profits on Exchange and Profits on the Sale of Investments. The Telephone Royalty is a new source of Revenue and was not included in the 1926 Estimates.
Ap.com
A (1) 2-
3. The principal sub-heads showing deficits compared with the Estimates were as follows:-
DEFICITS.
Light Dues
$ 39,456
Light Dues Special Assessment
37,345
Kowloon (West) Ferry Licences
20,471
Opium Monopoly
668,695
Stamp Duties
571,661
Tobacco Duties
164,655
Fees for Use of Government Buoys..
27,270
Sunday Cargo-Working Permits
79.725
Water Excess Supply and Meter Rents P. O. Postage
128,321
...
21,593
K.C.R. Passenger Services Foreign.. K.C.R. Goods Service Goods Foreign Rent of Government Buildings Rent of Government Markets
Rent of Slaughter House
325,996
34,568
26,130
67,406
45,285
Rent of Stone Quarries
29,617
122,556
213,658
Interest
Land Sales
The shortfall in Railway Receipts is explained by the fact that "through" traffic was not resumed until October, 1926. In all other sub-heads the deficit is attributable to the stagnation in trade brought about by the Boycott.
EXPENDITURE.
4. The total expenditure brought to account amounted to $23,524,716 being $265,899 less than
than the
the estimate, and $4,742,102 less than the expenditure in 1925.
His Excellency the
the Governor's Department expended $21,059 more than estimated, due to salary on leave being paid to Sir R. E. Stubbs during the early part of the year and to refurnishing and incidental expenses.
Post Office expenditure fell short of the estimate by $133,575 due to recovery of transit charges in respect of the previous year and nonpayment of the Mail Subsidy.
Imports and Exports Department showed savings $213,361 chiefly brought about by the reduced business of the Opium Monopoly.
A (1) 3
Harbour Master's Department effected savings $58.801 the main factor being the item "Coal and Oil Fuel for Launches".
Royal Observatory exceeded the estimate by $8,518 owing to payment for certain instruments purchased in 1925 being made in 1926.
Fire Brigade expenditure showed an excess of $25,746 incurred as a result of appliances arriving too late for payment to be made from 1925 funds, in which year provision had been made.
Supreme Court expenditure exceeded the estimate by $6,467 in consequence of the abnormal increase in distraints and writs of execution and the unusual number of capital cases in which defence had to be provided.
Crown Solicitor and Land Registry expended $8,442 more than was provided in the estimates. An increase in staff and the employment of Solicitors and Counsel in the Atherton and Wing On cases being responsible.
Medical Department expenditure was $46,662 below the estimate mainly owing to the deferring of special expenditure on equipment.
Sanitary Department expenditure revealed savings $118,927 for which lapsing salaries, the decrease in exhumations and postponement of the purchase of a new refuse barge are chiefly accountable.
Public Works Department showed savings $180,342 chiefly due to lapsing salaries.
Public Works Recurrent exceeded the estimate by $623,117 in consequence of the exceptional damage caused by the rainstorm of July 19th.
Public Works Extraordinary produced savings $268,500 in a considerably revised programme of work.
Port Development effected savings on all items amounting to $45,307.
Port Works Extraordinary fell below the estimate by $78,329.
A (1) 4-
Kowloon Canton Railway expended $135,510 in excess of the estimate owing to late delivery of new carriages, the cost of which was included in the 1925 estimates. The decision to re-open the Fanling Branch Line further contributed towards the excess.
Military Contribution showed an excess of $173,824 in consequence of the increased revenue in 1925.
Charge on account of Public Debt fell short of the estimate by $195,332 as it was found unnecessary to make any further contribution to the 6% War Loan Sinking Fund.
Charitable Services showed an excess of $21,355 due to unforeseen calls on the Government.
Miscellaneous Services exceeded the estimate by $230,130 chiefly on account of the upkeep of emergency organisations brought into existence by the political situation.
5. The Expenditure for the year exceeded the Revenue by the sum of $2,393,134.
6. The following statement shows the Liabilities and Assets on the 31st December, 1926:-
LIABILITIES.
C.
ASSETS.
C.
Deposits not Available
1,089,799.20 Subsidiary Coins
1,792,357.52
Postal Agencies
13,330.43 Advances
179,074.07
Suspense Account
515,376,38 Building Loans
1,571,114.26
Coal Account
4,384.43 Imprest
4,319.08
Overdraft, Bank.....
173,230.13 House Service A/c...
5,600.36
Crown Agents' Current
Unallocated Stores,
Account
14,723.83
(P. W. D.),................
345,828.74
Adjustment of Ex-
Unallocated Stores,
change Account ................
367,715.66
(Railway)
175,353.09
Investment A/c.
1,591,203.47*
Lorry Haulage Ac....
.01
Total Liabilities
2,178,560.06
Balance
3,486,290.54
Total......$ 5,664,850.60
...$
Total 5,664,850.60
* Invested as follows:-
AMOUNT OF STOCK. &c.
NOMINAL VALUE. COST PRICE.
MARKET VALUE.
DOLLAR INVESTMENT.
Hong Kong War Loan, 1921-1928.6% Stock.
$120,000.00
$120,000.00
$120,000.00
STERLING INVESTMENT.
Cape of Good Hope, (1929-49)
34% Stock.
D0,,
(1933-43)
+3
Ceylon, (1934-59)
Gold Coast, (1939-59).
Jamaica, (1941-71)
Do.,
(1940-60)
Do., (1939-59)
Do.,
Do., (1919-49).
Natal, (1934-44)
Do., (1929-49)
Newcastle Corporation, (1945-55).
New Zealand, (1945)
Queensland, (1930)
Southern Nigeria, (1930-55)
Sudan, (1950-74)
Union of South Africa, (1940-60)
£7,073.13. 2 5,607. 5. 0 2,556. 8. 5
3,889.17. 5
£ 5,793.13. S 4,388. 1.11
(80)
£5,658.18. 6
(79)
4,429.14. 7
2,017. C. 4 | (76)
1,942.17. 7
3,460.16. 6
""
(87)
3,384. 3. 9
4,935. 9. 8
4,343. 9. 9
(86)
4,244.10. 4
(1934-59).
200. 0. 0
160. 1. 0
(77)
154. 0. 0
2,000. 0. 0
""
A
1,910, 4. 0
(92)
1,840. 0. 0
"
4,635. 0. 0
3,870. 5. 6
(79x1)
3,661.13. 0
"?
200. 0. 0
7,600. 0.0 20,000. 0. 0
167.11. 0!
(83)
166. 0. 0
5,646. 7. 0 (74)
5,624. 0. 0
19,200, 0. 0
(93)
18,600. 0. 0
>>
3,000. 0. 0
2.310. 4. 0
""
(77)
2,310 0.0
35,323. 5. 2
32,954.11, 1
"}
(93)
32,850.12. 7
30,000, 0. 0
49,500. 0. 0
"}
(79)
39 500. 0.0
3호
2,494.14. 2
1,999. 1.
>>
(80)
1,995.15. 4
14,800, 0, 0
12,728. 0. 0į (*)
12,728. 0. 0
21,000. 0. 0
20,895. 0. 0 | (*)
20,895. 0. O
£ 185,315.13.0 | £ 171,314. 7. 4
* No quotation.
£159,985. 5. 8
- A (1) 6-
7. The following table shows the Revenue and Expenditure during the last five years:
1922
$
1923
1924
1925
1926
$
$
$
$
Revenue..22,291,065 24,783,763 24,209,640 23,244,365 21,131,582
Expendi-
ture.....18,563,003 21,571,905 26,726,428 28,266,817 23,524,716 Surplus... 3,728,062 3,211,858
Deficit.....
2,516,788 5,022,452 2,393,134
PUBLIC DEBT.
8. The Inscribed Stock Loans of 1893 and 1906 amounted to £1,485,733 and the Sinking Fund stood at £533,787 being £39,004 more than the amount at credit of that fund at the end of 1925.
The local Loan (under Ordinance No. 12 of 1916) stood at $3,000,000 with a Sinking Fund of $1,834,928 and £120,653 sterling.
GENERAL REMARKS.
9. The total receipts and payments in the Treasury books during the year were $40,012,221 and $40,867,412 respectively. The figures not accounted for under revenue and expenditure relate to transactions under various heads such as Deposits, Advances, Subsidiary Coin, Unallocated Stores, etc.
10.
follows:--
Subsidiary coins in stock on 31st December were as
50 cents
20
10
"
5 Copper
$ 10,700
44,456 1,464,319
264,902
31,882
$1,816,259
Orders were placed with the Royal mint for a further supply of 2,500,000 Copper one cent coins which were taken on stock during the year.
The nominal amount of coins in circulation was $17,914,370 and the market value stood practically at par.
- A (1) 7
11. The local circulation of notes and Specie in Reserve of the three Banks having authorized issues were as follows on 31st December:
Hong Kong & Shanghai
Banking Corporation
Chartered Bank of India,
Australia & China
Mercantile Bank of India
Notes in Circulation
Specie in Reserve
$50,842,258 $35,700,000
15,612,909
5,800,000
1,730,584
580,000
$68,185,751 $42,080,000
12. The rate of exchange for the Estimates was taken at 2/2 whereas the average rate for purposes of conversion in the Treasury books was 2/21.
30th May, 1927.
C. Mel. MESSER,
Treasurer.
A (1) 8
REPORT ON THE TRADE LOAN.
The first loan was made on 16th November, 1925 and by 31st December, 1926 the loans issued on the recommendations of the Trade Loan Committee had reached a total sum of $15,524,588.46.
During the period under review repayment of Principal monies was effected to the extent of $2,604,930. and the outstanding loans on December 31st, 1926 totalled $12,919,658.46 Interest in arrears amounted to $117,369.42.
No call was made on the Colony's funds, the Loans being financed by borrowings from the Straits Settlements Govern- ment, the West African Commissioners and Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking Corporation amounting in all to £1,800,000.
During the year £400,000 of this was repaid.
The loan has been issued to applicants with two or three exceptions on the security of mortgages on land or shares. In- terest is payable quarterly at the rate of 8% per annum increas- ing 1% per annum every half year, with the proviso that when the interest is 9% or over, 1% is deducted if such interest is paid within ten days of being due.
The financial dealings of the Trade Loan are kept separate and distinct from the Colonial Government Account. An account is kept with the Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking Corporation in Hong Kong which is a debit account secured by the deposit of gold with that Bank in London.
It was realised that the effects of any sudden drop of the silver exchange would have to be carefully guarded against. The loan to the Hong Kong Government was in sterling and interest on such and repayment would have to be in sterling. On the other hand the loans to persons in Hong Kong are in silver and repayment is also made in silver. Since the loan was initiated and up to the present time the dollar has dropped about 4d, in sterling value. Thus if sterling had been changed into silver this would have meant a very serious loss.
This difficulty was overcome with the assistance of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. Under the ordinance governing their note issue, they can issue notes in Hong Kong on certain conditions as to cover. The sterling lent by lenders to the Hong Kong Government has been deposited with the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank and as the other securities held by the Bank against their note issue, have always been sufficient to cover their note issue, this gold deposit has been treated as a deposit upon which the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation allows the Hong Kong Government 11% per annum. This deposit must always be sufficient to cover the debit work- ing account of the loan in Hong Kong.

A (1) 9
The conditions of lending the money to the Hong Kong Government include a clause that on a month's notice the Hong Kong Government can repay in part or in whole the amount lent by any of the lenders. The Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation also charge 1% per annum on debit balance as cost of working the note issue and are relieved of payment of 1% stamp duty on that same amount. The sterling loan is at 51%, 11% is received for deposit on current account. When, either owing to the fall in the silver exchange or on account of repayments of loans to borrowers in Hong Kong and the receipt of interest on loans, the debit balance in the Hong Kong Bank account falls considerably short of the equivalent sum deposited in gold in London, notice is given to reduce the loan to the Hong Kong Government. Already the whole amount lent by the West African Commissioners has been repaid.
30th May, 1927.
C. McI. MESSER,
Treasurer.
Appendix B,
REPORT ON THE ASSESSMENT FOR THE YEAR 1927-1928.
1. By Order of His Excellency the Governor in Council a new valuation of the whole Colony has been made and the Rateable Value has thereby been increased from $27,998,237 to $29,016,439 an addition of $1,018,202 or 3.64 per cent.
2. The following Table gives a comparison of the Assessments for the year 1926-1927 and 1927-1928 :--
DISTRICT.
VALUATION 1926-1927.
VALUATION 1927-1928.
PER
INCREASE. Decrease
CENT.
497,675
The City of Victoria,. (20,315,972 (20,315,922 21,338,342 21,338,342 | 1,022,420
Hill District,...........
5.03
502,085
Shaukiwan, Saiwanho,}
and Quarry Bay,
564,798
577,403
Hong Kong, Villages,.
978.996 2,011,169
1,110,266
2,189,754 148,285
7.26
Kowloon Point,
1,420,491
1.366.230
**
Yaumati,
1,618,530
1.563. 72
Mongkoktsui,
1,054,025
1,062,615
Hunghom & Hok Un,.
631,750
557,810
Kowloon Villages,
217,932
187,842
New Territories,
.....
698,118 5,640,846
750,674 | 5,488,343
152,503 2.70
27,998,237
29,016,439 | 1,170.705
152,503
152.503
Incr.
Total,.........
27,998,237
29,016,439 | 1,018,202
3.61
3. The number of tenements reported to be vacant averaged about 445 monthly, as compared with 209 last year.
4. During the year ending 20th May, 1927, 1,311 Interim Valuations were made as follows:-
CITY OF VIctoria.
REST OF COLONY.
No.
Rateable Value.
No.
Rateable
Value.
New or rebuilt tenements and tenements structurally altered
322
1,158,420
638
425,870
Assessments cancelled, tenements resumed, pulled down or being in other respects not rateable......
82
220,160
269
92,643
Number and increase
404
938,260
907
333,227
B 2
5. The following comparative statement shows the Rateable Value of the Colony of Hong Kong in each of the ten years from 1918-1919 to 1927-1928 inclusive:
Rateable
Year.
Value.
Increase as compared with previous year.
Percentage of In- crease in Rateable Value as compared with previous year.

$
%
1918-19
15,638,736
1,228,583
8.52
1919-20 16,304,801
666,065
4.25
1920-21
17,408,959
1,104,185
6.77
1921-22 18,696,660
1,287,701
7.40
1922-23
19,805,929
1,109,269
5.91
1923-24
21,059,700
1,253,771
6.33
1924-25
22,147,951
1,088,251
5.16
1925-26 27,287,862
5,139,911
23.20
1926-27
27,998,237
710,375
2.60
1927-28
29,016,439
1,018,202
3.64
6. In the ten years 1918-1919 to 1927-1928 the Rateable Value of the Colony has increased by $13,877,703 or 85.54 per cent.
THE TREASURY,
20th May, 1927.
C. McI. MESSER,
Treasurer & Assessor.
Appendix C.
REPORT OF THE SECRETARY FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS
FOR THE YEAR 1926.
REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.
(Tables I and 11)
Revenue.
1. The revenue derived from all sources during the year was The great decrease was due to the salaries
$29,226 in 1925.
Expenditure.
2. The total expenditure was $8,147 as compared with $19,226 in 1925. The great decrease was due to the salaries of the Clerical Staff being paid from the vote for Junior Clerical Service.
PROTECTION OF WOMEN AND GIRLS,
(Table III)
Women and Girls Protection Ordinance, No. 4 of 1897.
Po Leung Kuk Incorporation Ordinance, No. 6 of 1893.
3. The number of persons detained under warrant and sent direct to the Po Leung Kuk during the year was 24 as compared with 18 in 1925; the action taken in each case (as also in the case not decided at the end of 1925) is shown in Table III. The number of women whose detention was found unnecessary and who were allowed to leave after investigation was 7 or 29.1% as compared with 3 or 16.6% in 1925; 9 were sent to their native places; 2 were restored to their relatives; while 3 cases were still under consideration on December 31st.
4. In this year two names were added to the list of girls under bond to report themselves periodically to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. The names of 4 girls of whom 2 ran away were struck off the list. The number of names on the list on December 31st was 11.
5. The number of persons reported by Hong Kong residents to the Po Leung Kuk as missing during the year was 36 of whom 8 were found, as compared with 34 and 12 in 1925. The total number of persons reported missing including reports from China and Macao was 39 of whom 8 were found, as compared with 12 out of 39 in 1925.
$
- C 2
EMIGRATION.
Asiatic Emigration Ordinance, No. 30 of 1915. (i)—Emigration of Women and Children, (Free). (Table IV).
6. The number of female and minor passengers examined and allowed to proceed abroad was 29,636 (women 19,591, girls 2,797 and boys 7,248) as compared with 15,082 in 1925, a remarkable increase of almost twice as many.
7. The record of the occupations of the female emigrants over 16 years of age shows that out of a total of 19,591, 6,329 were going to join relatives, 6,574 with relatives or husbands, 384 as tailoresses, 700 as prostitutes, 5,272 as maidservants or nurses, 5 as students and 266 to work on the land. There were also 13 actresses, 25 hairdressers and 19 nuns.
8. 15 Women were detained for enquiries; none were detained in 1925.
9. Repatriation of Women and Girls:-
(a) From Singapore-130 prostitutes were sent back from Singapore of whom 127 were returned on the ground that they were too young to practise prostitution.
2 applications were received for the recovery of 2 women who had emigrated to Singapore and Penang. They were found and returned to their relatives.
(b) From Batavia-6 prostitutes were repatriated during the year.
(c) From Kuala Lumpur-3 girls taken into Kuala Lumpur for immoral purpose were returned at their own request and handed back to their relatives.
10. Prosecutions under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance undertaken by this office number 9 with convictions in the case of 6 persons as compared with 7 cases and 5 convictions in 1925.
(ii)-Male Emigration, (Assisted).
(Table V).
11. The figures for the year show an increase in the number of assisted emigrants of over 40% on the number for 1925.
(a) Banca-The assisted emigration to Banca continued during the year. There was an increase of 160% numbers in 1925.
over the
C 3
(b) Deli, Sumatra-The Assisted Emigration to Deli this year represents an increase of 25% over that in 1925.
(c) British North Borneo, Sandakan and Miri-The figures for 1925 show an increase of 10% over those in 1925.
(d) There were 192 emigrants to Ocean Island, 750 to Singapore, 11 to Solomon Islands and 47 to Calcutta, while there were 2,457 emigrants during the year to Billiton as against 2,756 in 1925.
(e) The total number of 'free,' 'through' and 'assisted' emigrants passing through the Colony in 1926 was 182,040 on 211 ships.
(iii)-Miscellaneous.
12. The total number of free emigrants to the Fiji Islands passed through this office was 104 as compared with 10 in 1925. The men went as usual in small parties at irregular intervals.
13. Decrepits-The number of decrepits repatriated was as follows:-
(a) From Penang-None as against 62 in 1925.
(b) From Singapore-8 were returned from Singapore as compared with 32 in 1925 and 18 in 1924.
(c) From British North Borneo-114 decrepits repatriated from British North Borneo as compared with 155 in 1925, were sent to their homes in the usual way. All the charges incurred were refunded by Messrs. Gibb, Livingston & Co. the agents in Hong Kong of the British North Borneo Government.
14. Repatriation of assisted emigrants:-
(a) From Banca-20 assisted coolies rejected by the medical officer were repatriated from Banca, as compared with 83 in 1925. All the charges incurred were refunded by the Holland China Trading Company by whom the coolies were recruited.
(b) From Balik Papan-No assisted coolie rejected by the medical officer was repatriated from Balik Papan as last year.
15. Redemption of Assisted Emigrants.-9 applications of this nature were received as compared with 13 in 1925.
(a) Banca-6 applications were received, and all the men were repatriated and handed back to their relatives.
(b) Christmas Island-1 application was received and forwarded to the Protector of Chinese, Singapore, and the man was repatriated and handed back to his relatives
-C 4
(c) Deli, Sumatra-1 application was received during the year, and the man repatriated and handed back to his relatives.
(d) Sandakan.-1 application was received, and the man repatriated and handed back to his relatives.
16. Six passage broker's licences at $200 each were issued under the Asiatic Emigration Ordinance, No. 30 of 1915.
17. A classification of assisted emigrants according to language spoken is given in Table V.
CHINESE BOARDING HOUSES.
The Boarding House Ordinance, No. 23 of 1917.
18. Under this Ordinance Chinese Boarding Houses are divided into six classes for the purposes of licensing and regulation.
19. Class I, Chinese Hotels.These are run very much on the lines of European Hotels, and are licensed for the sale of alcoholic liquors. There are now three houses of this class in the Colony, the "Great Eastern", the "Stag", and the
"Mei Chow which was added to the list in the course of the year. One house the "Oriental" closed during the year.
20. Class II, Hak U-These are large boarding houses, which cater principally for independent emigration and inter- port passenger, business. During the year four (4) new boarding houses of this class were opened. At the end of the year the houses numbered forty-eight (48) all of which had renewed their licences. The lawful accommodation provided by these forty-eight (48) houses is four thousand nine hundred and ninety-three (4,993) persons as compared with four thousand and thirty-two (4,032) for forty-two (42) houses in 1925. Convictions were obtained against houses of this class (in 1925 there were none).
3
21. Class IV, Boarding Houses for Assisted Emigrants.- These houses are mainly used by assisted emigrants and their recruiters, who may not, while in this Colonv be lodged in any other place. During the year 14 existing houses were closed and 14 new ones opened. At the end of the year there were eleven houses in existence, with lawful accommodation for 706 men as compared with 11 houses accommodating 718 men at the end of 1925.
During the year 10 licences for the transfer of names of licensees, for the removal of premises or for the additinu of floors were issued to Boarding Houses of classes I and II. as compared with 2 licences issued to houses of classes I and II in 1925.
- C 5
1
22. Class V, Ku Li Kun (lodging houses for coolies).-332 licences were issued as against 479 in 1925; of these 304 were renewed at the end of the year as against 440 in 1925. licence was issued for transfer of name of licensee or for removal of premises as against 9 in 1925. No prosecution was instituted against houses of this class (in 1925 there were also none).
as
23. Class VI, Ku Kung Ngoi U (lodging houses for employees of firms).-171 licences were issued as against 143 in 1925; of these 160 were renewed at the end of the year against 133 in 1925. 11 licences were issued for transfer of name of licensee or for removal of premises, (in 1925 there were none). 3 Convictions were obtained against houses of this class (in 1925 there were none).
24. Class VII. Hang Shun Kun (residential clubs for seamen).—102 licences were issued as against 133 in 1925; of these 99 were renewed at the end of the year as against 98 in 1925. 15 licences were issued for transfer of name of licensee or for removal of premises as against 5 in 1925. A conviction was obtained against a house of this class (in 1925 there were none).
REGULATION OF CHINESE.
Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.
(i)-Registration of Householders.
25. This portion of the Ordinance has long since ceased to serve any really useful purpose, and its long delayed abolition has become more than ever necessary.
Two thousand six hundred and twenty-four (2,624) house- holders were registered as against 1,085 in 1925; of these 498 were first registrations as against 191 in 1925; 4,537 changes of tenancy were also notified for registration as against 1,931 in 1925.
26. The number of Chinese business men in Victoria and Kowloon offering themselves as sureties to Government Departments and reported on by this office was 860 as against 752 in 1925.
27. No non-resident householders was required to enter into a bond; there was also none in 1925. 45 certified extracts from the registers were issued as against 29 in 1925. No duplicate Householder's Certificate was issued; there was also none in 1925. 4 Householder's Removal Certificates were issued as against 3 in 1925.
(ii).-District Watchmen. (Table VI).
28. The District Watchmen Committee met on 12 occasions; average attendance being 14. The loyal advice and
the average
C 6
assistance of the Committee (which deals with every kind of question affecting the Chinese Community) continue to be of the greatest value to the Government.
29. Mr. Wong Kam Fuk's term of 5 years expired and he was re-appointed by His Excellency the Governor for a further period of 5 years.
30. During 1926 the two members selected from the retiring Committees of the Tung Wa Hospital and the Po Leung Kuk who hold their appointments for one year, were Mr. Ma Chui Chịu and Mr. Li Yk Mui vice Mr. Ma Chi Lung and Mr. Lo Chung Kue whose terms had expired.
31. The balance to the credit of the District Watchmen Fund at the end of the year was $46,627 as compared with $47,318 in 1925, the expenditure thus exceeding the income by $691. Of the balance, $28,000 is invested in Hong Kong 6% War Loan, and the remainder $18,627 deposited in the Colonial Treasury.
32. The Committee were much indebted to Mr. Wong Kam Fuk for undertaking to audit the monthly accounts.
33. The total strength of the District Watchmen Force at the end of the year was 117 while the approved establishment is 122.
34. The number of convictions secured by the Force was 467 as compared with 371 in 1925 and 498 in 1924.
35. Sub-Inspector F. W. Shaftain continued in charge of the Force during the year, and is again to be commended for the good work done, especially with the detective branch. The uniformed branch still lacks the attention of a special European police officer; it is hoped that this defect will be remedied in the near future, and this branch of the Force rendered thereby more efficient. Arrangements have now been definitely made to alter the uniform to one of a more modern pattern.
(iii).—Permits.
36. Eight hundred and fifty-six (856) permits to fire crackers were issued as against four hundred and twelve (412) in 1925, and of these six hundred and seventy-one (671) were on the occasion of marriage.
Other permits issued were 19 for religious ceremonies and 3 for processions. 109 permits were issued for theatricals. Of these 99 performances were held in permanent and 10 in temporary buildings.
MARRIAGES.
Ordinances No. 7 of 1875 and No. 6 of 1903.
27. No non-resident householder was required to enter was 161 as compared with 159 in 1925. The number contracted at the Registrar's Office was 21. In 1925 it was 24.
C 7
38. At the end of the year the functions of the Registrar were transferred to the Land Officer and the Registry transferred to the Land Office.
CERTIFICATES OF IDENTITY TO CHINESE PROCEEDING TO ANY FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Ordinance No. 6 of 1923.
39. 8 certificates were issued to Chinese to proceed to foreign countries as against 6 in 1925.
BRITISHI BORN SUBJECT CERTIFICATES.
40. There were
one
of which was
refused.
three applications for these certificates, granted and certificate issued; two
REGISTRATION OF BOOKS.
Ordinance No. 2 of 1888.
were
41. 27 books were registered during the year as compared with 12 in 1925.
TUNG Wan HOSPITAL AND MAN Mo TEMPLE.
Ordinances No. 1 of 1870, No. 9 of 1904 and No. 10 of 1908.
(Tables VII to XI.)
42. The following is a list of the Directors for 1926:-
Tam Wun-tong,
Ng Yu-chan,
Kwok Tsun,
Li Sheung-ming,
Ng Kin-cho,
Lui Yam-sun,
Yu Sz-wing,
Chu Pik-tung,
Leung Lan-po, Chan Kwai-lok, Chan Tsung-san,
Chan Yik-tin,
Wong Kwai-tsing,
Ho Chi-shang.
43. The following gentlemen were elected to form the Committee for 1927:
Li Hoi-tung,
San Shing-sam,
Ng Yu-hon,
Tong Shun, Chau Pok-hing,
Au Kung-ue,
Uen Lan-suen,
To Chak-man, Lui Ka-on, Tsang Iu-ting, Yung Kung-man, Cho Shuk-kon, Luk Kung-luk, Lam Shin-po.
44. The total number of in-patients admitted during 1926 was 7,518 as compared with 8,713 in 1925 and 9,419 in 1924. Of these 3,975 or 53% as against 50% in 1925 elected to be treated by European methods.
C 8
45. The out-patients number 153,486 as against 199,805 in 1925 and 197,736 in 1924, and of these 22,972 or 15% as against 33% in 1925 chose European treatment.
46. The number of surgical operations performed was 266 as against 378 in 1925. There were also 71 eye operations performed as against 146 in 1925.
47. The number of destitutes temporarily housed and then sent to their homes was 548 (449 in 1925); most of whom were sent to the Hospital from this office.
48. Of the Charitable Funds managed by the Hospital the Man Mo Temple Fund (Table XI) shows an excess of receipts over expenditure of $59,118, an increase of $7,236 over the balance of 1925. The Maternity Hospital at Saiyingpun shows a credit balance of $1,595 (Table X11).
49. The income from the Brewin Charity Fund for the year exceeded the expenditure by $7,660.06.
The amount spent in gratuities and pensions was $6,680 as compared with $5,567 in 1925 and $5,162 in 1924.
$6,000 is invested in Hong Kong 6% War Bonds.
50. The end of the year saw the appointment of a commission by Government "to enquire into the administration of the Tung Wah Hospital, the Kwong Wah Hospital and the Chinese Public Dispensaries and to suggest such improvements as may seem necessary or desirable."
51. The following gentlemen were invited and consented to serve
on the commission under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs : The Hon. Sir Shouson Chow, The Hon. Dr. R. H. Kotewall, C.M.G., The Principal Civil Medical Officer (Dr. Addison), Professor Anderson, and Messrs. Li Yik Mui and Wong Ping Suen, past chairmen of the Committee of the Tung Wah Hospital.
Their investigations are being proceeded with.
52. Great progress was made with the scheme for providing a branch hospital in the Eastern District. The 1926 Committee pushed on the matter and a site in So Kun Po has now been definitely granted. Plans for a large hospital on completely modern lines are now under consideration.
KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.
(Table XIV to XV (B) ).
53. The total number of in-patients admitted during 1926 was 6,138 as compared with 6,695 in 1925. Of these 4,738 or 77% as against 72% in 1925 came under European treatment, while 1,400 elected to be treated by Chinese methods.
C 9
The total number of out-patients treated was 99,729 as against 74,257 in 1925; of these 32,646 elected to receive European treatment. This gives a percentage of 33 as against one of 37 in 1925.
CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES AND PLAGUE HOSPITALS.
(Tables XVI to XXI).
Of this total
54. The total number of cases treated at the Dispensaries was 139,469 as compared with 135,571 in 1925. 77,782 were new and 61,737 return cases.
The total number of vaccinations performed was 11,342 as against 10,489 in 1925.
The total expenditure on the Dispensaries, was $44,321 as against $52,266 in 1925.
The net revenue of the Dispensaries, excluding a grant of 89,000 by Government was $38,486 as compared with $41,532 in 1925.
The two Kowloon Dispensaries at Hunghom and Shamshui- po show balance of $1,848 and $1,528 respectively. In 1925 the balances were $3,644 and $3,598.
The number of dead and dying infants brought to the Dispensaries was 1.015 as against 1,213 in 1925.
745 corpses were removed to hospital or mortuary as
against 1,064 in 1925. 353 applications for coffins were received as against 470 in 1925; and there were 85 attendances for the cleansing of infected premises as against 29 in 1925.
The Dispensaries Committee. are again indebted to the authorities of the Alice Memorial Hospital for assistance in the matter of the issue of medicines and drugs, and the regulation of their consumption.
The number of bodies considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year was 1,033 as compared with 1,115 in 1925. (Table XX).
Of the 1,033 bodies abandoned none were taken to the Chinese Public Dispensaries: there were also none in 1925.
Table XIX compiled from statistics in the Sanitary Department shows the number of death certificates issued in proportion to the total number of Chinese deaths, and the number of cases in which postmortem examinations were held.
- C 10
TSAN YUK MATERNITY HOSPITAL. (WEST POINT).
55. (a) This hospital was formally opened in October 1922. 34 beds are available for patients and 693 maternity cases in all were admitted as against 608 and 1834 gynaecological cases as against 62 in 1925.
The matron, Miss Leung, left for a course of training at the Rotunda Hospital, Dublin. Two of the sisters have been performing her duties meanwhile. 12 probationers have been in training throughout the year. Six passed the examination of the Midwives Board last March and six new girls were admitted for the two years course of training required by the Midwives Board.
Infant Welfare Centre. 374 babies were brought with a total of 2,303 visits as against 341 and 2,025 respectively in 1925.
A charge of 20 cents a day is made for patients in the general wards, but no patient is refused admittance, even if she is unable to pay anything. Patients who occupy a private room pay $2 or $1 a day, and no 'tips' are allowed to anyone in the employment of the hospital. $5,043.55 was received from patients.
Patients who wish to be seen without waiting or on any day other than the regular out-patient day pay a fee of $3 to the Hospital Funds.
Thanks are again due to Dr. Tottenham and (during his absence in the summer) to Dr. Balean and Dr. Pillai for their assistance especially with the clinical work.
WAN TSAI MATERNITY HOSPITAL,
(b) The work of this hospital has steadily increased since it was established in 1919. 773 cases were admitted as against 858 in 1925.
A charge of 20 cents a day is made. Two small private wards are available for patients at $2 a day. Altogether $1,594.20 was received from patients in fees, $583.40 from private ward patients and $1,010.80 from the general ward patients.
It is opportune at the end of these sections on the work of the Native Hospitals to emphasise again the very valuable work done by Mrs. Hickling both in the way of general supervision in her capacity as Assistant Medical Officer in Charge of Native Hospitals and particularly in the treatment and nursing of gynaecological and maternity cases. Most noteworthy is the success which has attended her efforts to encourage Chinese
C 11
women to come in and be treated by European methods. Her personal report is reproduced in full at Annexe B and from it may be seen how much has been tried and done since she took up office to improve the efficiency of the work not only of the purely maternity hospitals, but also in the treatment of women at the Tung Wah Hospital, the Kwong Wah Hospital, and the Chinese Public Dispensaries.
CHINESE PERMANENT CEMETERY.
(Table XXII.)
56. The balance increased from $37,124 in 1925 to $43,556; in 1924 the balance was $31,045.
57. Translation Works done in the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs during the year 1926.
Translation from Chinese into English.
Translation from English into Chinese.
Petitions
142
Ordinance
1
Letters
174
Regulations
24
Newspaper articles and
Government notices
74
items of news
160
Minutes
3
Unspecified
126
Unspecified
33
Total
602
Total
135
Grand total
737
The total number of translations done by the Translator was thus 737 as against 612 in 1925, 1,002 in 1924, and 792 in 1923.
In addition a large number of translations made in other Government Departments are sent to this office for revision. Much translation work is done by members of the staff other than the Translator, but of this no record is kept.
CHINESE RECREATION GROUND.
(Table XXIII).
58. The income from stalls was $3,269 (in 1925 it was $3,270). The Ground continued to make a contribution of $100 a month to the funds of the Tsan Yuk Hospital.
- C 12
PASSAGE MONEY FUND.
(Table XXIV).
59. The net income of the Fund was $443 and the total expenditure $433 as compared with $278 and $430 last year.
FACTORIES.
60. Industry during the year was dull, and several factories closed their doors. The others are reported to have just managed to carry on. The need for supervision was not so urgent, and the inspector under the 'Industrial Employment of Children' Ordinance, Mr. Meade, acted instead as inspector under the 'Protection of Women and Girls' Ordinance.
With the New Year (1927) Mr. Meade will revert to his former duties and act also as inspector of factories under the proposed Factory (Accidents)' Ordinance.
STAFF.
Secretary for Chinese Affairs.
61. Hon. Mr. E. R. Hallifax acted as Colonial Secretary from 9th January to 30th April, and was appointed Delegate to Canton in connection with the negotiations for ending the anti-British boycott from 14th to 24th July. During the two periods Mr. D. W. Tratman and Mr. R. A. C. North acted as Secretary for Chinese Affairs respectively.
Chief Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.
62. Mr. R. A. C. North went on leave from 16th October to 2nd December. During this period Mr. T. Megarry acted as Chief Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.
Second Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.
63. Mr. T. Megarry went on leave from 1st February to 17th March. During this period Mr. G. S. Kennedy-Skipton and Mr. J. H. B. Nihill acted as Second Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs from 1st to 22nd February and from 23rd February to 17th March respectively.
Third Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.
64. Mr. E. H. Williams was appointed Third Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs on 3rd May.
C 13
Sub-Inspector under Protection of Women and Girls Ordinance.
65. Sub-Inspector C. Evans reverted to Police Department 1st January and Mr. F. Meade, Inspector of Juvenile Labour took over the work in addition to his other duties.
on
Emigration Sergeant.
66. Sergt. C. Poyntz reverted to Police Department on 1st January and Sergt. J. O'Donovan was seconded from the same Department to take up the post on 11th January.
Officer in Charge of Uniform District Watchmen.
67. Sergt. S. Logan reverted to Police Department on 1st February and the post has not been again filled.
68. Mr. Chan Yik-hi was promoted to Class IV from Class V on 1st September.
69. Mr. Leung Kit-choi,
Class VI
Interpreter,
was
transferred to Police Department on the 2nd September, and the vacancy was filled by the appointment of Mr. Tsang Hing- kai on the same day.
6th August, 1927.
E. R. HALLIFAX.
Secretary for Chinese Affairs.
Heads of Revenue.
Table I.
Revenue for the years 1925 and 1926.
Details of Revenue.
Ordinance under which received.
Revenue in Revenue in 1925. 1926.
Increase.
Decrease.
C.
C.
0.
No. 1 of 1889 & No. 4 of 1908. No. 7 of 1875 & No. 15 of 1902. No. 30 of 1915.
13,004
*
16,721
*
3,717 *
878
820
85
1,200
1,200
25
25
Licences and Internal Revenue not other- wise specified,
or
Fees of Court Office, Payments for Specífic Purposes, and Reimburse- ments-in-aid,.
Interest,
Chinese Boarding House Licences, Marriage Licences,
Emigration Passage Brokers' Licences, ... Forfeitures,
Certificates to Chinese proceeding to
foreign countries
Bond by Non-resident Householders, Official Signatures,
Interest accrued on official account.
Other Miscellaneous Receipts,
Permits for Firework Displays,
No. 6 of 1923.
300
400
100
No. 3 of 1888.
No. 14 of 1913.
94
104
10
170
415
245
C.
70
80
10
Total,.
15,741.94 19,740,62
4,082
83
Deduct Decrease,..
83
Total Increase,
3,999
* Cents omitted except in the totals.
C 14
Table II.
Revenue and Expenditure of the Secretariat for Chines Affairs since 1917.
Revenue.
Expenditure.
Year.
Total.
Decrease.
Increase.
Total.
Decrease.
Increase.
Percent-
age of
Expen-
diture to
Revenue.
C.

C.
C.
C.

C.
%
1917,
11,370.52
1918,
26,678.50
2,138.57
15,307.98
51,867.18
3,099.01
456.15
50,117.67
1,749.51
187.86
1919,
21,430.72
5,247.78
52,634.57
2,516.90
245.60
1920,
18,007.65
3,423.07
57,716.27
5,081.70
320.51
1921,
15,659.34
2,348.31
18,705.03
39,011.24
102.25
1922,
15,514.50
144.50
21,115.67
2,410.64
136.10
1923,
16,777.69
1,263.19
28,795.63
7,679.96
171.63
1924,
18,716.08
1,938.39
27,512.96
1,282.67
147.00
1925,
15,741.94
2,974.14
29,225.63
1,712.67
185.66
1926,
19,740.62
3,998.68
8,147.42 21,078.21
41.19
L
C 15
Table III.
Number of Women and Girls detained in a Place of Refuge by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under Sections 34 and 35 of Ordinance No. 4 of 1897, and arrangements made regarding them.
Permitted to leave,
Permitted to leave under bond,
Restored to husband,
Restored to relatives,
Sent to native place,
Under Detention on 1st January, 1926.
Detained during 1926.
Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total. Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total.
...
...
1
2
Total.
1
2
2
1
9
Married,..
Adopted,
Sent to Refuge or Convent,. Died,
1
Awaiting marriage,
Cases under consideration,
:
!
Total,
Cases brought forward, 1.
Cases dealt with during the year, 22.
coco
3
2
3
3
21
3
24
25
Cases carried forward, 3.
C 16
C 17
Table IV.
.
Number of Female Passengers and Boys examined and passed before the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under
"The Asiatic Emigration Ordinance, 1915," during the year 1926.
Whither Bound.
Women and Children, 1926.
Total Women
and
Children,
Women.
Girls. Boys.
Total.
1925.
Macassa Japan
215
54
140
409
Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States
16,651
2,305
5,263
24,219
11,691
Dutch Indies
Belawan Deli
British North Borneo
Honolulu
Central America
228
491
155
211
857
498
625
139
190
954
495
38
19
33
90
88-
Canada,
United States of America,
Mexico,
South America,
| |
1
1
158
32
466
656
334
1
Mauritius & Re-Union,
86
60
155
258
Australia,
2
14
16
33:
India,
54
12
27
93
80
South Africa,
80
Vanc,
5,129
80
Batavia,
973
121
6,223
1,002
West Indies (Jamaica),
Sourabaya,
Balikpapan,
Rangoon,
Port Elizabeth,
2
33
12
13
8
Delagoa Bay,
2362
9
158
137
14
11
17
Salina Cruz,
Callao,
62
Billiton,
13
2
5
20
17
Victoria,
61
61
141
Seattle,
59
12
252
323
Total, 1926,
19,420
2,874
11,955
34,249
Total, 1925,
9,509
1,570
4,003
15,082
15,082
€ 18
Table V.
Number of Assisted Emigrants.
Rejected.
Year.
Examined. Passed.
Rejected
Un- willing,
at
S.C.A.
Rejected by
Total
as unfit.
rejected. Doctor.
Percentage of rejection.
1924,
12,431 12,381
Nil.
53
Nil.
53
•31
1925,
11,129 11,055
36
19
19
74
'66
1926,
15,536 14,804
181
21
21
229
1.47
Treatment of Rejected Emigrants for 1926.
Sent home through Tung Wah Hospital at expense of
Boarding Houses,
205
Rejected by doctor and sent back to bɔarding houses to
be cured,
24
Total rejected,.........
229
Native districts of Assisted Emigrants presenting themselves for Examination and passed.
West River,
East River,
North River,
Canton,..
Delta,
Kwong Sai,...
Southern Districts,
Mandarin, (Hunan, Kwong Sai and Kiang Si),
Total,
778
8,297
173
1,182
947
1,030
2,866
263
15,536
-
C 19
Table V,-Continued..
Destinations of Assisted Emigrants.
Whither bound.
Male Assisted Emigrants.
1925
1926
Straits Settleinent and F.M.S.,
141
750
British North Borneo,
1,186
1,229
Dutch Indies:
Banca,
1,757
4,354
Billiton,
2,756
2,457
Balikpapan,
Belawan Deli,
4,028
5,194
British Solomon Island,
13
11
India,
67
47
Samoa,
297
194
Ocean Island,
471
192
Nauru,
Makatea,
299
:
Solomon Islands,
11
Tihiti,
88
19
Sydney,
28
Total
10,804
14,783
1849 passenger's passes were issued for 1st and 2nd class Straits Settlements passengers during the year.
Classification of the Assistant Emigrants examined, accord- ing to the language spoken gives the following figures:-
Cantonese,
Hakka,
Hoklo,
Southern Mandarin (mostly from
Kwong Sai and Hunan),
Hainanese,
Total
8,129
3,261
6,205
232
1,660
19.489
C 20
Table VI.
Statement of the Receipts and Expenditure relative to the Hong Kong District Watchmen's Fund for the year 1926.
Receipts.
Expenditure.
C.
C.
C.
To Balance,
47,318,61
Contributions, (Victoria $46,269 89
and Kowloon $9,228,27)
By Wages and Salaries :-
Chief District Watchmen, Assistant Chief District Watch-
984.00
55,498.16
men.
3.156.00
Detectives,
6,552.00
1st Class District Watchmen,... 9,281.00
Grant by Hong Kong Government,......
2,000.00
2nd
8,633.67
3rd
1,846.91
Payment for District Watchmen for
Special Services,....
30,453.55
1,892.00
Interest on Hong Kong Government
6% War Loan,
1,680.00
Miscellaneous
>
Cooks......
Coolies,
Messengers,
840.00
720.00
96.00
1,656,00
Interest ou Current Account,
199.88
Reward Fund,
60.00
Office Staff:-
Manager.
90.00
Writer.
132.00
Fines,.....
28.00
""
Interpreter,
Clerk.
>>
Condemned Storės,
Collectors,
6.00
>>
House Rent-,
83.00
Total....
996.00
1,218.00
33,327.58
Cost of Whistle,
1.00
>
Other Charges :-
Forfeiture,......
Allowance to Detectives,
1.378.00
50.00
11
Medal Allowance,
1,198,00
Crown Rent.
6.86
>>
Rent from Mr. Yeung Ying-luk for.
permission to erect the iron gate on Inland Lot No. 680, for the year 1926.
Oil Allowance.
128.40
Electric charges,
391.12
Conservancy Allowance,....
63.60
Coolie Hire and Conveyance
1.00
Allowance,
770.31
Stationery and Printing.
309.18
Uniform and Equipments,
1,440.80
Repairs and Fittings,
324.36
Furniture.
89.85
Rent of Telephone.
444.00
Premium on Fire Policies,
342.59
Gratuities and Rewards,
Rent for Yaumati D. W.
Quarters.....
1,048.00
990.00
Photos for District Watelimen, Architect Fec.
7.50
500.00
Part payment to Wan Shun
Iee Contractor for work done on Yaumati D. W. Quarters,...
Sundries.
Pensions:
.14.696.80
370.43
24,499.80
Ex. Chief District Watchman No Tai
and others.
4,026.00
Total,
Less amount stolen by D.W. No. 61
108,817.65
Total Expenditure,........
61,853.38
Lain Pin on 9,11. 1926
337.26
23
Balance,
46,627.01
Total,
$
108,480.39
Total,
.$
108,480.39
Balance in Colonial Treasury :-
Hong Kong Government 6% War Loan, Cash,.....
Hong Kong, 31st December, 1926.
Total,........
$28,000.00
$18,627.01
$46,627.01
Examined and found correct.
LI YAU TSUN,
WONG KAM FUK,
Members of
District Watches Committee.
Male,
Female,
Patients.
on 31st December, 1925. Remaining in Hospital
Table VII.
Number of Patients under treatment and other statistics concerning the Tung Wah Hospital during the year 1926.
Admitted.
3132,704 2,232 4,936 5,249 3,602 1,364 283 120 8391,743 2,582|2,702 |2,075 477
Out-patients.
Total.
Vaccinations.
Dead bodies brought
to Hospital Mortuary
Total,.....
433 3,543 3,975 7,518 7,951 5,677 1,841
433 130,514 22,972 |153,486|1,235 | 1,320
548
for burial.
Destitutes sent home.
62,122 12,129 74,251 1,235 884 150 68,392 10,843 79,235
548
436
Total for 1925,
420 4,348 4,365 8,713 9,133 6,332 2,368
433 133,043 66,762 199,805 847 1,494
449
C 21
C 22
Table VIII.
TUNG WAH HOSPITAL CASH ACCOUNT 1926.
Receipts.
Amount.
Payments.
Amount.
C.
$
C.
Cash Balance from last year
Tung Wah Hospital account$ 75,376.91
Debit balance against Kwong Wah Hos-
pital from last year..........
15,986.34
Man Mo Temple.....
Emergency Fund
Maternity Hospital
51,882.06
59,562.90
1,369.97
Current account with Kwong Wah Hos-
pital..
47,800:00
188,131.84
Current account with Man Mo Temple...
15,905,63
Current account with Emergency Fund.......
3,493.60
Current account with Kwong Wah Hos-
pital
Current account with Maternity Hospital
3,729.51
54,353.00
Provisions for staff
12,259.01
Current account with Man Mo Temple Current account with Maternity Hospital.. Interest and subscriptions collected on
behalf of Emergency Fund
23,142.20
Salaries for staff
39,906.68
4,015.40
Provisions for sick rooms
25,788.23
Sick room sundries
11,913,19
1,856.54
Hospital sundries
4,693.63
Rents from Yat Pit Ting & iron burners... Rents from houses
2,709.00
Chinese drugs...
31,857.09
84,622.49
Western drugs.
230.90
Subscriptions collected from steamers
6,615.19
Repairs
7,318.54
Annual subscriptions of Hongs.....
11,087.50
Destitutes' and Patients' passages
412.29-
Subscriptions from wealthy persons..
4,440.00
Repairs to landed property
$76.58
Subscriptions and donations.
3,785.30
Lights
7,408.68
Subscriptions from Directors past and pre-
Insurance
848.00
sent
21,526.76
Crown rent and taxes
10,496.49
Special contributions for supply of medi-
Sundries to coffiu home & burial ground...
1,370.08
cines, quilted clothing, coffins and
Small-pox Hospital expenses.....
3,232.21
shrouds
3,203.13
Stamps, stationery and advertisements
2,713.32
Government grants
8,000.00
Grant to Kwong Wah Hospital
2,000.00
Grant from Man Mo Temple..
2,500.00
Grant to Old Men's Asylum
200.00
Contributions from Theatres..
1,800.00
Grant to Fong Pin Hospital
1,638.79
Hong Kong War Loan dividend
.....
3,000.00
Burial of bodies by Tung Wah Hospital...
3,430.87
Subscriptions for coffin home
5,500.00
Coffins for bodies buried by Tung Wah
Interest ou loans and deposits
33,545.46
Hospital
8,805.93
Premium ou notes and discount on goods
purchased
Burial of bodies by Government Mor-
616.15
tuary
2,019.65
Fees for Patients
4,793.58
Coffins for bodies buried by Government
Sale of medicine, kitchen refuse, coffin
home charges, boat hire and sundries...
Mortuary...
6,643.07
25,652.64
Cost of building work
14,153,22
Interest on deposits... Balance
5,375.11
Grand Total......
$494,896.18
Grand Total..............
202,389.54
$494,896.18
The Balance of $202,389 54 consists of the following credit balances minus a debit balance of $9,433.34
against the Kwong Wah Hospital :-
Tung Wah Hospital
Man Mo Temple Emergency Fund... Maternity Hospital...
.$93,182.55
59,118,63
57,925.84
1,595.86
$211,822.88
9,433.34
$202,389.54
(For particulars see separate sheet attached).
Minus account against Kwong Wah Hospital
Balance.....
TAM WOON TONG, NG YEE CHAM,
Directors.
!
Č 23
Table VIII (A).
PARTICULARS AS TO CREDIT BALANCES.
TUNG WAH HOSPITAL IN ACCOUNT WITH KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.
To Amount received during 1926
Balance
""
.$54,353.00 By Debit balance brought from 1925
9,433.34 Amount paid during 1926
$15,986.34
47,800.00
$63,786.34
$63,786.34
TUNG WAH HOSPITAL IN ACCOUNT WITH MAN MO TEMPLE.
To Credit balance brought forward
from 1925
Amount received during 1926
$51,882.06
By Payments during 1926
Balance
23,142.20
$75,024.26
TUNG WAH HOSPITAL IN ACCOUNT WITH EMERGENCY FUND.
To Credit balance brought forward
from 1925
"
Interest received during 1926
.$59,562.90 1,856.54
$61,419.44
By Payments during 1926
Balance
31
$15,905.63
59,118.63
$75,024.26
.$ 3,493.60 57,925.84
TUNG WAH HOSPITAL IN ACCOUNT WITH MATERNITY HOSPITAL.
To Credit balance brought forward
23
from 1925
Amount received during 1926
$ 1,309.97
4,015.40
$5.325.37
By Payments during 1926
Balance
$61,419.44
$ 3,729.51 1,595.86
$ 5,325.37
.
-C 24
Table IX.
TUNG WAH HOSPITAL.
INCOME AND EXPENDITURE.
INCOME.
EXPENDITURE.
Funds brought forward from 1925
$75,376.91
Maintenance.
Ordinary.
Subscriptions:-
Annual subscriptions of
Hongs
. Subscriptions
$ 11,087.50
collected
on steamers
6,615.19
Subscriptions and dona-
tions
3,785.30
Establishments:-
Subscriptions
from
Light
Provision:
Food for staff
Food for sick room
Surgery and Dispensary:
Chinese drugs
Western drugs
$ 12,259.01 25,788.23
$ 31,857.09 230.90
$
7,408.68
$ 38,047.24
32,087.99
wealthy persons
4,440.00
Insurance
848.00
Subscriptions from Dir-
Repairs
7,318.54
ectors past and pre- sent
Repairs to hospital pro-
21,526.76
perty
876.58
47,454.75
Sick room expenses
11,913.19
Grants:
Small-pox Hospital ex-
Government
$ 8,000.00
Man Mo Temple
2,500.00
10,500.00
Special contributions:-
penses
Repairs to coffin hone and burying ground. Crown rents and taxes
3,232.21
1,370.08
10,496.49
For Mortuary expenses $
5,500.00
43,463.77
From theatres
1,800.00
For supply of medi-
cines, quilted cloth-
Salaries, Wages &c. :-
Staff Salaries Sundries and bonuses
$ 39,906.68
4,693.63
ing, coffins and shrouds
44,600.31
3,203.13
10,503.13
Invested property:
Rents
$ 84,622.49
Rents from Yat Pit
Ting
1,080.00
Rent from iron burner
1,629.00
Interest
33,545.46
Hong Kong War Loan
dividend
3,000.00
123,876.95
Other receipts:-
Premium on notes and
discount on goods purchased
Sale of medicines, kit-
chen refuse, coffin
Appeals, Grants, &e:-
Destitutes' and Pati-
ents' passages
Kwong Wah and Fong Pin Hospitals & Old Men's Asylum ................
$
412.29
3,838.79
4,251.08
Miscellaneous:
Stationery &c.
$ 2,713.32
Burial of bodies by
Tung Wah Hospital
Coffins for bodies buried
by Tung Wah Hos-
3,430.87
pital
8,805.93
616.15
Burial of bodies by
Government Mortu-
ary
2,019.65
Coffins for bodies buried
by Government
6,643.07
4,793.58
Interest on Deposits
5,375.11
31,062.37
28,987.95
Extraordinary.
Cost of building work
14,153.22
Balance
93,182.55
$298,774.11
$298,774.11
home charges, boat-
hire and sundries - 25,652.64
Fee from Patients
4.
Receipts.
Table X.
Emergency Fund Account, 1926.
Amount.
Payments.
Amount.
C.
Balance from account 1925.
59,562.90
Gratuity to destitutes,
2,277.50
Interest and Subscriptions
1,856.54
Passage money for destitutes,
1,010.00
Launch hire round the harbour &c. to save
lives during the storm,
206.10
Balance,
57,925.84
Total,..
61,419.44
Total
61,419.44
Receipts.
Table XI.
Man Mo Temple Fund Account, 1926.
Amouut.
Payments.
*
Amount.
Balance from account 1925,
51,882
Subscription to Tung Wah Hospital,
2,500
Rent of stalls and Temple property,
12,179
Free Schools and sundries,
10,371
Rent from Temple keeper,....
5,083
Government Grant in Aid of free schools,
4,620
Repairs to Temple property, free schools, and the Man Mo Temple,
707
Interest,
1,245
Refund of Crown Rent,
14
Police, Rates, Crown Rent, and Insurance Premium,
1,566
Water accounts and repair to water pipes, Celebration of the birthdays of the gods by the street Committee,.
Advertisement,
Compensation to temple keeper for loss on account of strike,
186
250
74
250
Total,..
Balance,
75,024.26
59,118
Total,
75,024.26
* Cents omitted except in the totals.
C 26
Table XII.
Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Western Maternity Hospital, 1926.
Receipts.
Amount.
*
Expenditure.
Amount.
Balance from 1925,
1,309
Rent of hospital property handed over to the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs,
3,200
...
Rent of Hospital Property,
3,984
Interest,
31
Police, Rate, Crown Rent, & Insurance Premium,
Repairs to Hospital Property,
Balance,
497
31
1,595
Total,
5,235.37
Total,
5,325.37
* Cents omitted except in the totals.
C 27
Receipts.
To Balance
Subscriptions
Table XII A.
WESTERN MATERNITY HOSPITAL.
Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st. December, 1926.
С
Expenditure.
817.73 By Salary
839.05
Drugs
Furniture
$ c
3,677.67
1,175.25
C 28
Donation from:
Gas & Electricity
Repairs & fitting
669.38
772.88
2,026.10
Chinese Public Dispensaries. Chinese Recreation Ground
5,000.00
Stationery & printing
69.40
1,200.00
Clothing
64.70
Rent of houses purchased with Tung Wah Hospi- tal Jubilee Donation
Bedding
65.60
Food for patients, pupils & mid-
3,200.00
wives in the Hospital
2,644.23
Instruments
37.45
10,239.05
Fees for District Watchmen on
duty at the door
540.00
Fees paid by patients in the Hospital
Crown Rent
1.00
4.075.40
Water Account
225.00
Money paid by pupils in the Hospital for their food.
Miscellaneous
1,966.69
915.00
Absconded by D. W. 64 Lam Pui
59.70
Fees paid by patients who had
veneral diseases.
16.00
13,995.05
Interest.
20.77
Balance with Colonial Treasury
2,088.90
Total
16,083.95
Total
16,083.95
i
C 29
Table XIII.
Revenue und Expenditure of the Brewin Charity during the year 1926.
Revenue.
Amount.
Expenditure.
Amount.
$ c.
$
c.
22
To Balance from 1925
Subscriptions from Directors Tung Wah
Hospital
157,943.37
2,500.00
Subscriptions from Committee, Po
Leung Kuk
1,180.00
Subscriptions from "Chap Sin She'
33.00
By Charity for widows and orphans
Subscription to Old Men's Home Salary for Accountant Mr. Chan Yik
Wan
Salary for Clerk Mr. Wong Shut
Ming
6,680.80 1,800.00
100.00
60.00
Interest from Mr. Chiu Cheuk U for
Stamps
2.40
mortgage
4,320.00
Conveyance expenses for collecting
Interest from Mr. Lau Kwai Nam and
interest, &c.
11.70
others for mortgage
2,640.00
Printed matters by the Wing Fat
15.00
Interest from Mr. Yan Leung Kang
Refund of gratuity of Chan Ma Kan.....
750.00
and others for mortgage
3.840.00
Refund to Mok Wai Yung through
Interest from Mr. Kan lu Cho for
Po Leung Kuk
80.00
mortgage
1,536.00
Balance
165,603.43
22
Interest on fixed deposit of Wong Fung
Sze with Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank
49.38
22
Interest on War Bonds of Singapore
308.56
Interest on War Bonds from Hong
Kong & Shanghai Bank
360.00
Interest on Current Account with
Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank Temporary deposit of Yeung Yee
243.02
150.00
TOTAL
$5
175,103.33.
TOTAL
$
175,103.33
By fixed deposit with Mr. Chiu Cheuk U on mortgage of six houses in Temple Street
fixed deposit with Lau Kwai Nam and others on mortgage of four houses in Temple Street
fixed deposit with Mr. Yan Leung Kang and others on mortgage of house property in Connaught Rd. W. fixed deposit with Mr. Kan Iu Cho on
mortgage of house
house property in Wanchai Road
$ 48,000.00
24,000.00
40,000.00
16,000.00
fixed deposit with Mr. Chak Yuk Tong on mortgage of house property, in Queen's Road West
20,000.00
War Bonds of Hong Kong & Shanghai
Bank
6,000.00
War Bonds of Singapore Government.. fixed deposit and interest of Wong
5,000.00
Fung Sze with Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank
1,146.63
Current Account deposits with
Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank
4,860.55
""
deposit and interest of Sat A Li with
Wing Hing Bank
820.10
,,
deposit with Tung Wah Hospital.
276.15
TOTAL
$165,603.43
Examined and found correct, TAM WUN TONG,
NG U CHAM, Directors.
Patients.
Table XIV.
Number of Patients under treatment and other statistics concerning the Kwong Wah Hospital during the year 1926.
Remaining in Hospital
on 31st December, 1925.
Chinese
Treatment.
European Treatment.
Total.
Admitted.
Total Number of pa-
tients under treatment.
Discharged.
Deaths.
Remaining in Hospital
on 31st December, 1926.
Chinese
Treatment.
European Treatment.
Total.
Out-patients.
Vaccinations.
Dead bodies brought to Hospital Mortuary
for burial.
Destitutes sent home.
Male,
137
1,1112,211 3,3223,4592,333 1,001
125
Female,
61
289 2,5272,8162,877 2,261 548
89
33,178 17,572 50,750
...
257.
33,905 15,074 48,979
...
144
Total,.
198
1,400 4,738 6,138 6,336 | 4,594 | 1,549 193 67,083 32,646 99,729
:
401
:
Total for 1925, 167
1,8874,808
4,808 | 6,695 |6,862 |4,9061,758 | 198 46,568 27,689 74,257
589
...
...
1
C 30
Receipts.
C 31
Table XV.
KWONG WAH HOSPITAL,
Cash Account 1926.
Amount.
Payments.
Amount.
C.
Balance brought forward from
previous year,
7,002 91
Current account with Tung Wah
Hospital,
54,353.00
Government Grant,
8,500.00
Salaries to Hospital staff,
16,749.70
""
Special Donation,... Subscription from Tung Wah
25,000.00
Provisions for staff,
5,907.95
Hospital sundries,
1,185.14
Hospital, for giving free coffius. Current account with Tung Wah
Hospital,
2,000.00
Provisions for patients,
13,889.12
Sick room expenses,
5,353.94
+7,800.00 Charcoal,
966.94
Subscriptions from
charitable
persons and yearly subscrip- tious, ...
Subscriptions by Ko Shing, Tai Ping and Li Yuen Theatres,... Donatious from A Fong and Tai
Wo Photographers,
5,000.00 Stationery, stamps, and adver-
Chinese drugs,
12,095.02
Western drugs,.
2,535.72
13,524.80
Lights,
2,709.80
Telephone Rent,
196.68
tisements,
1,841.40
600.00
Water,
62.15
Donation from Old Yaumati Chinese Public Dispensary, Donation from Po Hing Theatre Sale of Chinese Medicines,
Discount on notes,
2.28
6,677.00
Furniture and Repairs,
2,040.88
330.00
Building Contract,
3,629.17
534.08
Coffins,
5,127,01
Premium on notes,
185.47
Burial of bodies from Hospital
Sale of kitchen refuse,
387.69
Mortuary,
307.70
Payments by in-patients and
Burial of bodies from Yaumati
drugs
4,440.60
Public Mortuary,
459.65
Special subscriptions -
Old Men's Asylum
7.00
By Subscriptious
Grave stones,
292.80
from charitable
Cumsha to coolies, sale of refuse,
persous for free
&c.,
248.23
drugs,
$1,600.00
Crown Rent
1.00
Interest on Sub-
BALANCE,..
5,942.27
""
scriptions
for
free drugs,
12,322.00
13,922.00
Grand Total,...$ 135,904.55
Grand Total,...$ 135,904.55
Ĉ 32
Table XV (A),
KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.
INCOME AND EXPENDITURE 1926.
A
INCOME.
To Balance from last Year's account To Free Chinese Drugs Special Fund To Loan From Tung Wah Hospital
A Ordinary:-
Government Grant
SUBSCRIPTIONS:-
Tung Wah Hospital for
free coffins
Charitable persons
EXPENDITURE.
$ 4,586.07 13,922.00 9,433.34
""
By Repayment to Tung Wah Hospital
Loan to Sick Room Extension
Special Fund
$15,986.34
1,212.33
A Maintenance :·
$
8,500.00
8,500.00
$
2,000.00 13,524.80
PROVISIONS:
Staff
Patients
DISPENSARY:
5.907.95! 13,889.12
19,797.07
15,524.80
Chinese Drugs
$ 12,095.02
ENTERTAINMENTS :
Western Drugs
2,535.72
Ko Shing, Tai Ping &
14,630.74
Li Yuen Theatres $
5,000.00

Po Hing Theatre
330.00
5,330.00
DONATIONS →→→
A. Fong & Tai Wo Pho-
tographers
600.00
Old
Yaumati
Public
ESTABLISHMENT:
Lights
Furniture & repairs
Charcoal
Telephone Rent Water
$
2,709.80
2,040.88
Sick Room Expenses
5,353.94
966.94
196.68
62.15
Dispensary
6,677.00
Sundries
1,433.37
7,277.00
Crown Rent
1.00
PATIENTS PAYMENTS:
12,764.76
In and out patients $
4,440.60
SALARIES:
....
Chinese drugs
534.08
Hospital Staff
$ 16,749.70
4,974.68
16,749.70
OTHER RECEIPTS :-
MISCELLANEOUS :
Premium on notes
$ 185.47
Stationery, Stamps and
Sale of Kitchen refuse
Advertisements
$
1,841.40
&c.
387.69
Discount on notes
2.28
573.16
Coffins
5,127.01
Burial of Bodies
307.70
DONATIONS:
Extraordinary :—
Government
Special
Donation
$ 25,000.00
25,000.00
BALANCE
$95,121.05
Burial of Bodies from
Yaumati
459.65
Old Men's Asylum
7.00
Grave Stone
292.80
8,037.84
5,942.27
$95,121.05
Examined and found correct
CHAU YUT-U,
Qualified Auditor.
C 33
Table XV-(B)
FINANCIAL POSITION OF THE KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.
Amount left deposited in Tung Wal Hospital at end of 1925.......
..$129,181.90
Less amount overdrawn by Hospital General Fund for year 1925 ...
15,986,34
$113,195.56
Amount of Interest on Chinese Drug Special Fund for the year 1926 col-
lected by Tung Wah Hospital ...
12,322.00
Amount paid into Tung Wah Hospital on current account in 1926
54,353.00
Amount overdrawn from Tung Wah Hospital in respect of Hospital General Fund...............
9,433.34
189,803,90
Amount received from Tung Wal Hospital ou current account in 1926................ Amount of Interest received from Tung Wah Hospital for the year 1926...
47,800.00 12,322.00
Amount left deposited in Tung Wah Hospital at end of 1926 in respect of
Chinese Drug Special Fund
Amount owing to Tung Wah Hospital by Hospital General Fund.......
Cash in hand at end of 1926..............
Funds Classified :-
Chinese Drugs
$129,181.90
Amount at credit in Income and Expenditure
account
5,942.27
135,124.17
Less amount owing to Tung Wab Hospital by
Hospital General Fund....
9,433.34
$125,690,83
See particulars below:-
KWONG WAH HOSPITAL
IN ACCOUNT WITH SICK ROOM EXTENSION SPECIAL FUND.
60,122.00
$129,181.90 9,433.34
$119,748.56
6,942.27
$125,690.83
To Balanced of last year's account.......
Loan from Hospital General
Fund
$2,416.84 By amount paid for extension of
$3,629.17
sick room......
1,212.33
$3,629.17
$3,629.17
KWONG WAH HOSPITAL
IN ACCOUNT WITH FREE CHINESE DRUGS SPECIAL FUND,
To Balance of last year's account... $129,181.90
.. Yearly Subscriptions from char-
itable persons for free drugs Interest
1,600.00 12,322.00
$143,103.90
By amount appropriated to the
22
Hospital General Fund
Balance
$13,922.00 129,181.90
$143,103.90
C 34
Table XVI.
Summary of work done by the Chinese Public Dispensaries: Victoria. Harbour, Shaukiwau, and Kowloon Peninsula
New Cases,.....
Return Cases,
Description.
Total,........
Certificates of nature of disease issued,
Grand Grand Total. Total Total
1926. 1925.
77,732
61,737
139,469 155,571
7
cause of death,...........
340
125
Patients removed to hospital by ambulance,...
270
409
Corpses removed to hospital or mortuary,
715
1,064
Attendances at cleansing of infected premises,
85
29
Compensation claims sent in,
Applications received for coffins,
353
470
for midwives, ...
Confinement cases in Maternity Hospital,......
Infants brought to Dispensaries, (alive),
,,
"
:
:
778
858
(dead),......
1,015
Total,......
1,015
1,213
37
11,305
Total,..
11,342
10,489
Vaccinations at private houses,
,, Dispensaries,
Table XVII.
CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES.
Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1926.
C 35
Receipts.
To Balance,
Grant by Government,
Donations from :-
Tai Ping Theatre,
1,050
San Theatre,
600
Ko Shing Theatre,...
300
Tam Kung Temple, Aberdeen,...!
100
Maternity Hospital, Western,....................
Expenditure.
#A
85,758.76
By Maintenances of Dispensaries :— Victoria,
25,971.75
9,000
Harbour and Yaumati,
6,496.91
Shaukiwan,...
7,228.06
Kowloon City,
4,625,15
44,321.87
Subscription in aid of the Fund of
5,000
>>
Subscriptions, Land,...........
17,944,15
Harbour,
10,901.40
Balance in Colonial Treasury :—
Shankiwan,
1,622.80
""
""
Kowloon City,
759.50
On Hong Kong Government 6% War Loan,
33,277.85
In Cash,
51,000
32,302.50
>>
Fees from Maternity Hospital in Chinese Public Dispensary at Wan-
Advance to :-
chai,......
""
Interest,
1,610.40
537.36
Dispensaries Clerks,
120.00
Interest on Hong Kong Government
Alice Memorial Hospital for purchase of drugs,
500.00
>>
6% War Loan,
3,060.00
83,922.50
Total,
$ 133,244 37
Total,...
133,244 37
* Cents omitted except in the totals.
́ E. R. HALLIFAX,
Secretary for Chinese Affairs,
C 36
Table XVIII.
Hunghom and Shamshuipo Dispensaries.
Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1926.
Receipts :-
Balance,
Description.
Subscriptions, etc.,
Donation from :-
Kun Yam Temple,
Po Hing Theatre,
Scavenging Contractor at Hunghom,...
Rent from the eight houses at Shamshuipo
Grant by Hong Kong Government,
Rent from Temple Keepers of Sam Tai Tsz,
Tin Hau and Pak Tai Temples
Donation from Mr. Li Ping towards the Fund of Shamshnipo Dispensary for erection of eight houses at Shamshuipo
Total
Hung- Sham-
hom.
sbuipo.
$
3,643.73 2.471.73
3,597.62
10.00
600.00
253.00
630.00
785.98 3,000.00
87.65
377.50
7,598.46
7,858.75
Expenditure:
Through Secretariat for Chinese Affairs, Through Local Committee
2,142.00 3,620.00 3,608.76 2,710.79
Total
5,750.76
6,330.79
Balance
At Colonial Treasury
1,527.96
With Local Committee
Total....
430.77
1,416.93
1,847.70
* Cents omitted except in the totals.
Chung Iu-shan, Chairman, Hunghom C.P.D. Tsang Ping Shan, Accountant,
""
Wong Iu-tung, Vice Chairman, Shamshuipo C.P.D. Au To-nam, Accountant, Shamshuipo C.P.D.
...
1,527.96
Number of deaths.
Number certified.
Table XIX.
Deaths of Chinese in Hong Kong and Kowloon during 1926 showing number in which the cause of death was duly certified and number in which a post-mortem examination was held.
1
N
3
7
uncertified.
Number
Victoria,
7,531
4,203
3,328
55.8
571
7.6
2,757
36.6
Harbour,
730
428
302
58.6
63
8.6
239
32.7
Kowloon,.....
3,606
1,767
1,839
49.0
219
6.1
1,620
44.9
Shaukiwan,
328
190
138
57.9
54
10.4
84
25.6
Other Villages in Hong Kong,......
141
5
136
3.5
50
35.5
86
60.9
Total,
12,336
6,593
5,743
- 53:4
957
7.7
4,786
38.7
Percentage of 3 to 2.
after death and not 。 sent to mortuary.
Number examined
Percentage of
6 to 2.
mortuary.
Number sent to
Percentage of
8 to 2.
37
9
Table XX.
Monthly Return of Bodies of Chinese considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year 1926.
Victoria.
Month.
Harbour. Kowloon.!
West.
Central.
East.
Total.
Hong Kong
outside
Victoria.
New Territories.
Grand
Total.
Total.
January,
February,
March,..
April,
May,
June,
July,
Angust,
September,
October,
16
November,
December,
12
402000 10 20 10 60 60 10
6652
10
11
9966
19
61
74
93
18
42
· 52
70
} 1
42
58
69
26
11
48
65
81
10
10
25
8
52
63
88
17
6
54
63
80
15
16
62
81
96
18
4
74
87
105
17
14
36
8
19
11
29
10
Grand Total,
74
72
124
270
90
0.0-28
52
68
85
...
43
53
89
4
55
62
81
35
57
86
724
69
Total for 1925,
81
73
129
283
103
654
73
323
783
1,033
*
831
1,114 †
* In 1926, of 1,033 none was taken to Chinese Public Dispensaries. † In 1925, of 1,114 none was taken to Chinese Public Dispensaries.
C 38
C 39
Table XXI.
Return of Bodies abandoned during the years 1924, 1925 and 1926.
(Figures supplied by the Police Department.)
1924.
گی
Male.
Female.
Unknown.
Over
15 years.
15 years and under.
Over
15 years.
15 years and under.
Over
15 years.
15 years
and under.
Total.
Victoria, Kowloon,.
Harbour,
39
Elsewhere,
2482
295 424
253
572
322
778
68
9
88
204
64
52
119
:
Total,
80 851
21
517
Victoria,
I
Kowloon,....
Harbour,
24
Elsewhere,
1925.
ཕྱ ཿ། ིི ེ
142
129
367
269
30
32
Total,
33 610
9 460
1926.
:
:
6
1,673
272
:: co
3
648
113
82
3
1,115
Victoria,
11
136
1
79
227
Kowloon,..
28
326
1
281
1
637
Harbour,
25
43
10
20
98
Elsewhere,
12
35
1
23
71
Total,
76
540
13
403
:
1
1,033
To Balance,
""
Receipts.
idule ▲AIL.
Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Chinese Permanent Cemetery for 1926.
Interest from Hong Kong and
Amount.
c.
$
Payments.
Amount.
..

37,123.92 | By Rent of telephone,
180,00
,, Repairs to roads, and embankment etc. by Yeung Tam-kee,..
6,500.00
Shanghai Bank,
164.08
""
Wages for Ma Shu-hoi & gardeners,
1,480.20
Tai San Bank.
893.00
}}
""
Printed matters by the Shing Fat,
3.00
>>
""
91
War Bonds,
480.00
Manure, bamboo brooms, scythes etc.,..
71.82
""
Sale of 187 lots,
10,360.00
>>
Stamps,
11.00
""
Stone Embankment,
2,805.00
Rent of wharf,
1.00
Wages from Dr. S. W. Tso for refilling vaults,
>>
Rates for getting water from river,
1.00
230.00
""
Crown Rent,
1.50
13
Sale to Mr. Lo Chung Kui of remaining portion of the lot under the character of “Fat"
""
Wages for Pun Yan Chin & Chau Wan Kok,
480,00
""
Account books from Kwong Fuk Hing,..
1.22
279.41
""
Printed matters by the Kwok Wah Printing Company,
21.30
""
Repairs to wooden gate by Chan Sang,
10.00
">
Printed matters by Der A. Wing & Co.....
17.00
Balance,
43,556.37
Total,
52,335.41
Total,.
52,335.41
By deposits with Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank,.
$2,204.93
""
>>
"
Tai San Bank,
13,000.00
""
War Bonds,.
8,000.00
Fixed deposit on mortgage of a house in Babington
Path
20,000.00
Cash,
351.44
"
$43,556.37
S. W. TSO, Secretary,
CHAU SIU KI, Treasurer,
Examined and found correct
LI PO KWAI,
To Balance,.................
Rent of Stalls,
Receipts.
Table XXIII.
CHINESE RECREATION GROUND.
Receipts and Expenditure, 1926.
Total,.
*
Payments.
$
3,674.46 By Wages of Watchmen, etc,...
894.00
198.75
270.00
Subscription to Western Maternity Hospital, 1,200.00
Water Account,
>>
3,268,80
Consumption of Gas,
""
Lime Washing,
""
Furniture and repairs,
""
Miscellaneous,
Balance,
90.00
189.75
26.32
4,074.44
$
6,943.26
* Cents omitted except in the totals.
+
Total,....
6,913.26
C 41
Table XXIV.
Statement of Accounts of Passage Money Fund, 1926.
Receipts.
Payments.
To Balance on Fixed Deposit,
$4,250
By Gifts to 7 women on being married,
14
"
in Colonial Treasury,
2,853
יי
7,103
Annual Charitable Allowances to two per- sons,
72
"}
Passage Money received,.
199
""
Less Refund,
58
99
141
Subscription to Alice Memorial Hospital, Eyre Diocesan Refuge, Ilawker's and Boat Licences to destitute per-
33
song,
50
170
282
43
>>
Property of Hab Sau, deceased
43
>>
Gifts in aid of repatriation of emigrants,...... Balance on Fixed Deposit,
84
.....$ 4,250
>>
Miscellaneous Receipts,
32
Interest on Fixed Deposit,
$ 170
כי
,, on money deposited in Treasury,
78
248
>>
in Colonial Treasury,
......
2,864
7,114
Total,
$
7,548.36
Total,

7,548.36
* Cents omitted except in the totals.
E. R. HALLIFAX, Secretary for Chinese Affairs.
Table XXV.
Prosecutions under Ordinances No. 3 of 1888, No. 30 of 1915, and No. 4 of 1897.
Offence.
Convicted.
Discharged.
No. of
Cases.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Female.
143
130
1
:
Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.
Bills,-Posting without permission,
Fireworks, Discharged without permission, Drums and Gongs,-Night noises by beating, Processions,-Organising in the public streets without permission,
Householders? Registration,-Failing to register,... Ordinance No. 30 of 1915.
Decoying men or boys into or out of the Colony,.... Emigration House offences,.
Personating emigrants,
Sending assisted emigrants out of the Colony with- out notifying the Secretary for Chinese Affairs,
Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.
Abduction of girls under 21,
Decoying women and girls into or away from the Colony,
: :
...
:
1
1
...
:
...
...
3
حت
12
...
:
2
1
:
:
Detaining, harbouring, or receiving women or girls,... Procuting women or girls to be common prostitutes,. Procuring girls under age to have carnal con- nection,
4
I
I
Deriving profits from prostitution and trading in
women,
50
48
1
...
3
I
Remarks.
:
:
1
C 43
C 44
ANNEXE A.
Report on the work of the Po Leung Kuk for the year 1926.
The Po Leung Kuk Society was founded in 1878 to aid in the detection and supression of kidnapping, especially of girls and women, and to shelter such girls or women as had been kidnapped in the interior and brought to Hong Kong for sale or emigration. Its name means "institution for the protection of good women". The initiative in its formation came from the Chinese themselves, and ever since by subscription and personal service, they have continued to support it.
to
There is a paid Chinese staff-matron, amahs and nurses, and two clerks who are secretaries the managing committee. This Committee meets every evening from Monday to Friday at 7 p.m. the principal meeting of the week being held at 12 noon on Sunday. It not only manages the Po Leung Kuk, but acts as an advisory committee to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, in all cases affecting women and children, and Chinese family life generally, which are often extremely difficult and tedious. It corresponds when necessary with charitable institutions and private persons in various parts of China, traces parents of lost children or ill-treated mui tsai, and shelters for the night any Chinese woman or girl who chooses to go. When parents or relations cannot be traced, the Committee arranges for the girls in its care to be given in marriage (never as concubines) or in adoption, always under bond and always with the consent of this office; and in every case this office ascertains the girl's willingness before giving consent to either, adoption or marriage.
In addition to the annual Committee appointed by co-option there is a Permanent Committee, which serves to maintain continuity of policy, and of which the Secretary for Chinese Affairs is the ex-officio chairman.
The following gentlemen were elected in March to serve as Managing Committee for the year:-
Wong Ping-suen,
Au Shiu-cho,
Leung Pat-yu,
Yu Cheuk-sang,
Kwan Yik-chi, Li Shiu-ching,
Chau Tsun-nin,
Kong Siu-lui, Ho Cho-wan, So Shau-nam, Ng Yu-hon,
Chan Shiu-hing.
The number of inmates of the Po Leung Kuk on 1st. January, 1926 was 61 and during the year 299 persons were admitted as against 259 in 1925. The circumstances of admission and the action taken in regard to them are set out in Table A.
C 45
24 women and girls were admitted under warrant and 217 were admitted without warrant. Of the remainder 15 were lost children, 4 were accompanied by parents or guardians, and 39 were maid-servants or "mui tsai'' who had left their masters or mistresses.
On leaving the Kuk 146 women and girls were restored to husbands or other relatives, 21 were sent to charitable institutions in China, 11 were given in adoption, 4 married, 75 released (6 released under bond), 4 sent to Convent Refuge and 1 died. The number of inmates remaining in the Kuk on December 31st. was 45.
or
The income and expenditure during the year and the assets and liabilities of the institution are set out in Tables B and C attached.
The accounts of the Managing Committee in the customary form have been audited by Messrs. Chau Tsun-nin and Yu Yat-u. The balance to the credit of the Society at the end of the year was $27,645 as compared with $7,082 at the end of 1925 (v. Table B).
The institution was visited monthly by Justices of the Peace, Messrs. A. G. Coppin and Dr. S. W. Tso who on no occasion found cause for adverse comment.
The matron reports favourably on the conduct, health and industry of the inmates during the year. There were 80 cases of sickness of which 67 were sent to the Tung Wah Hospital for treatment and of these 3 died.
Lady Shou-son Chow and Mrs. R. H. Kotewall, (the wives of the two Chinese Members of the Legislative Council) continued to undertake the duty of regular monthly visits of inspection during the year.
E. R. HALLIFAX, Secretary for Chinese Affairs.
President.
We, Chau Tsun Nin and Yu Yat U, members of the Board of Direction of the Po Leung Kuk Incorporated Society do solemnly and sincerely declare that the attached statements of assets and Liabilities of above Society on the 31st. December, 1926, marked "A" and signed with our names on the 7th March 1927 is a true statement, and we make this solemn declaration conscientiously believing the same to be true and by virtue of the provisions of "The Statutory Declarations Act 1835".
YU YAT YUI,
T. N. CHAU.
C 46
Declared by the declarants Chau Tsun Nin and Yu Yat U at Victoria, Hong Kong, the 7th March 1927, through the interpretation of Luk Yam Ko of Hong Kong the said Luk Yam Ko having also first declared that he had truly, distinctly and audibly interpreted the contents of this document to the said declarants and that he would faithfully interpret the contents of this document to the said declarants and that he would faithfully interpret the declaration about to be administered unto them.
Before me,
R. A. C. NORTH, Justice of Peace.
You do solemnly and sincerely declare that you understand the English and Chinese languages, and that you have truly and audibly interpreted the contents of this document to the declarants Chau Tsun Nin and Yu Yat U, and that you will truly and faithfully interpret the declaration about to be administered to them.
Declared at the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs, Hong Kong. This 7th March 1927.
Before me,
LUK YAM KO.
E. R. HALLIFAX, Secretary for Chinese Affairs.
Statement "A" of Assets and Liabilities of the Po Leung Kuk Incorported Society on the 31st. December, 1926.
Assets.
Liabilities.
Deposited with the Tai San and
Yik On banks
$27,645.37
Nil.
$27,645.37
This is the statement "A" referred to in the Declaration of Chau Tsun Nin and Yu Yat U declared before me this 7th day of March 1927.
R. A. C. NORTH,
Justice of Peace.
Table A.
Number of Women and Girls admitted to the Po Leung Kuk during the year 1926 and the
arrangements made regarding them.
January, 1926,
In the Po Leung Kuk on 1st
Admitted during the year, ...)
Total,
Kuk on the 31st Decem-
Remaining in the Po Leung
ber, 1926.
~
:
N
13 15
1
7
61
Committed under Warrant from the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs Committed under Warrant from
the Emigration Office. Pending the opening of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs. Sent with their own consent by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs Sent with their own consent froin Singapore and Bangkok.
Sent with their own consent by the Police.
Lost Children.
Accompanying parents or
guardians
Runaway maid-servants.
Total.
21
10 12
334 66
91] 157
4
!
21
444 78 28 101 30
3
:
11
9
5
46
68
J
5
12
7
~
18
+
00
Released after enquiry.
Released under bond.
Placed in charge of husband.
Placed in charge of parents and relatives.
Sent to Charitable Institutions
in China.
Dent to School, Convent, or Refuge.
Adopted.
Married.
Died.
Cases under consideration.
Total.
299
69
360
11
45
74
627119 21

6 | 28 |131 28
629
11
1
37
299
00

15
360
61
C 47
Table B.
Po LEUNG Kuk,
Statement of Receipts and Expenditure from 1st January to 31st December, 1926.
C 48
RECEIPTS.
Balance from previous year,
Money on Mortgage refunded by Mr.
Lai Tsz Hok.
£
$
*
EXPENDITURE.
#A
7,082
By the Elected Committee :-
(see Table C),
10,470
22,000
Balance :-
Subscriptions :-
Elected Committee,
300
On Deposit, ་་
24,000
Yue Lan Celebrations, West Point,.....
60
Guilds,
5,960
At Current Acconut,
3,645
Man Mo Temple,
140
27,645
Theatres,
1,250
7,710
Interest :-
On Deposit,
1,122
On Current Account,
200
1,322
Total,..
38,115.87,
Total,.
.$
38,115.37
* Cents omitted except in the totals.
Certified by the Statutory Declaration of Chan Tin Shan and Yue Yat U, Members of the Board of Direction.
Table C.
Statement showing particulars of Expenditure by the Elected Committee from 1st January to 31st December, 1926.
EXPENDITURE.
*
RECEIPTS.
Balance from previous year,
19
Received from Permanent Board,.......
10,470
Decorations,
Food,.
Miscellaneous Receipts,...
51
Light and Fire,
Premium on bank notes,
33
Miscellaneous,
Passage Money,
Printing,
Petty Expenditure,
Repairs,...
Stationery,
Telephone,
Insurance,
Wages,
Balance,
Total,.........
10,574.64
* C'ents omitted except in the totals.
Total,..
$
273
*
C.
*
3,348
1,134
286
255
326
145
244
203
108
137
4,100
10,562
12
10,574.64
C 49
$
-
C 50
ANNEXE B.
Report of Assistant Medical Officer for Native Hospitals.
I began work on October the 6th. 1923 and spent the first few weeks in visiting the eight Chinese Public Dispensaries and the two Maternity Hospitals in Western Street and Wanchai.
THE DISPENSARIES.
Several of the dispensaries needed a good deal of cleaning and tidying up.
The bottles needed new labels and rearranging and a few items of equipment were necessary. The premises in the Central and Shaukiwan Districts are poor, but in the latter place we have hopes of a better building in the future to meet the needs of a growing population. I was struck by the very large amount of most useful work that the dispensaries are doing. After the Chinese New Year holidays in 1924 I started seeing women, who specially desire to see a woman doctor, one day a week, at each dispensary. This seems to meet a need, and at several places I am obliged to limit the numbers seen. The following are the figures seen during 1926:
Shamshuipo Dispensary
Hunghom
219
441
Yaumati
Shaukiwan
Wanchai
Central
1,079
823
780
""
>>
474
Tsan Yuk Hospital
983
Kwong Wah Hospital (since April)
411
Total number of patients seen
5,210
At the Tsan Yuk Hospital patients who wish to be seen without waiting or on any day other than the regular out- patient day pay a fee of $3.00 to the Hospital. There were 105 of these patients last year.
THE KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.
I began visiting the Kwong Wah in November 1923. The midwife in charge of the Maternity Ward resigned at the end of the month, and the Hospital was fortunate in obtaining the service of Sin Sz Ku, a very capable and energetic nurse. She was put in charge of all the women's work, and carried out many improvements. The maternity cases were moved to a
C 51
large ward with eighteen beds and a new labour ward made. Lockers were provided for all patients and cots in the Maternity Ward. The wearing of hospital clothing by patients and babies was made compulsory, and all pots under the beds were forbidden. The number of probationers was increased to ten, each large ward having three on duty while two serve the smaller ward and two are on night duty. We were fortunate in getting the Steam Laundry to undertake the Hospital Washing and the resulting whiteness of clothing and bedding is a most pleasing change. The House Surgeons are expected to teach the probationers and I take a weekly class. I have taken courses on Anatomy and Physiology, Nursing, surgical and medical, and on Midwifery. The course of training lasts three years and before leaving all the nurses have been examined in nursing by Mrs. Minett, M.D., and have passed the Mid- wives Board Examination.. Sin Sz Ku left after a year's hard work and her place was taken by Pun Sam Ku, who has maintained her high standard. The beds are nearly always full, especially those under Western treatment and extra beds on the verandah are in use all the time. The maternity cases last year numbered 1,547 and more accommodation is urgently needed. Patients have frequently to sleep two in a bed. On the men's side the standard of cleanliness is much lower. The "nursing" is done by untrained coolies and the temperatures taken and dressings done, by the dressers. These men need daily constant supervision, which I am unable to give. Still, the general standard has improved a little. It is only by a daily inspection of bed boards, clothing, latrines and water closets that we can hope to keep the patients and hospital at all clean.
On the opening of the new block for out-patients I started seeing women patients one day a week. The numbers seen during the last few weeks have quietly increased.
WANCHAI HQSPITAL,
We are fortunate in having a resident doctor who is keen and capable and very little has been needed of me. The two midwives have been at the hospital since it opened and do their work faithfully. They help in the daily dispensary with the dressings and one helps me every week at my out-patients. I have inspected the hospital twice a week, and always find it clean and tidy. The numbers in hospital last year were 773.
TUNG WAH HOSPITAL.
I started visiting the Tung Wah Hospital in August 1924. The widwife in charge of the Maternity Ward resigned and two very capable nurses were appointed. They have done much to improve the ward and the standard of work in this depart- ment is as high as any in the Colony. The numbers for last year were 1,169.
C 52
The nursing in the five women's wards was in the hands of amahs and a partially trained woman, with the result that the patients did very much as they liked as regard food and clothing and many were very dirty. In April 1926 the directors agreed to appoint two trained nurses for the two wards under Western treatments. Nurse Wong who was acting assistant Matron of the Nethersole Hospital was secured and has worked wonders in making the patients comfortable and clean. Her ward is now on a level with the Maternity Ward. She is present at all operations on women patients and all surgical cases are admitted to her ward. We have been less fortunate in the second Western Ward. Two or three nurses came and left at once and the nurse that we have now is not at all up to the standard that we require. The partially trained nurse has taken over the Chinese wards and has done well. The washing of the hospital clothes has been a great problem. The clothing came back from the hospital laundry grey and dirty looking. For a time an improvement was shown when the work was done by the Prison Department but this was not maintained and there were complaints on both sides. The Directors have now enlarged the hospital laundry and we may hope for an impro-
ment.
The nursing of the men presents the same problems here as in the Kwong Wah. In May 1926 the Directors decided to try the experiment of appointing a dozen male nurses. The resident doctors were asked to teach them and I have had a weekly class in general nursing. What is needed more than any number of classes is daily practical teaching in the wards. This I cannot do in the three afternoons which is all I can give to the Hospital. I doubt if any helpless patients are washed except when I do it myself as a demonstration. The installation of the flush system which is now going on will be a very great improvement.
TSAN YUK HOSPITAL.
The Hospital was opened in the middle of October 1923. We were fortunate in securing the services of Miss S. C. Leung as Matron and the success of the hospital is very largely due to her. The nursing staff under her changed several times in the first few months but before the end of the first year our two present sisters came to us and have proved a great help in all departments of the work. During Miss Leung's absence in England during the past year they have carried on the hospital most satisfactorily. We started our training school in the Spring of 1924 with six pupils and in the following year took in six more so that our numbers are now twelve which is all that we can accommodate. A class in English is held every day by a trained teacher, and last year thanks to Mrs. Southorn a number of ladies have taught conversational English three mornings a week, which is already having a marked effect on the speaking of English in the hospital. Miss Leung has taught general nursing and I have taken classes in simple Anatomy and Physiology and Midwifery. Several nurses have already passed the examination of the Midwives Board.
-
C. 53
An Infant Welfare Centre started a year after the opening of the hospital, has been maintained since and has done good work in checking minor complaints and helping the mothers who need advice in feeding and looking after their babies. The Mothers Union very kindly gave $30.00 for any special needy cases. Last year 374 babies paid 2,303 visits. Each baby is washed and weighed and inspected.
Gynaecology. In October 1925 we furnished a large ward on the second floor and filled up a small theatre and sterilizing room for gynaecological work. Patients needing hospital treatment who are seen at the dispensaries can thus be admitted and treated by ourselves. My most grateful thanks are given to Professor Tottenham for his generous and constant help in this department. I could never have ventured on this work single handed, and it is an immense advantage for the hospital to have his skill and advice available. Last year there were 136 patients admitted to the gynaecological ward, and nearly a hundred operations were performed.
The Midwifery Wards have been fuller than last year and a great effort is made to keep the patients in for a week after confinement. There were 693 patients in the wards and 34 were attended in their own houses. These cases are only attended as emergency cases and we are not anxious to increase our exterior work to any great extent.
Venereal Disease Clinic. A start was made during the year on a small scale and so far 22 women have attended the weekly clinic and 46 injections have been given. I do not feel that we can press this work very much but something was
and we shall move slowly.
Miss Leung was sent for a course of training to the Rotunda Hospital last year and we expect her back in March. Our expectation is that the work will grow in all branches and that she will find full scope for all her knowledge and experience.
My thanks are due to the Committees of the Tung Wah and Kwang Wah Hospitals and the Chinese Public Dispensaries for bearing with me and supporting me on
many difficult occasions.
A. D. HICKLING,
Assistant Medical Officer in charge of Native Hospitals.
1
Appendix D.
REPORT OF THE HARBOUR MASTER FOR THE YEAR 1926.
CONTENTS.
:
:
Bunker Coal shipped
Crews
Emigration and Immigration
Examination of Pilots
Examination of Masters, Mates, and Engineers..
Gunpowder Depôt ...
Junks
Launches...
Lighthouses and Signal Stations...
Mercantile Marine Office
Marine Magistrate's Court
:
:
:
Marine Courts of Enquiry
Marine Surveyors' Office
Moorings
Outstations of Harbour Master
Passenger Trade
Port Facilities...
Registry of Shipping
Revenue and Expenditure
Shipping Report
Sunday Cargo Working
Trade
Yaumati Slipway and Coaling Depô
PAGE.
7
5
9
14
13
19
8
12
15
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:.
4:
:
:
:
:
F:.
་་
:
:
:.
:
:
:
17
12
13
17
16
15
9
43
12
... 10
:
:
:
:
:
14
20
- D 2
TABLES.
1
TABLE.
Arrivals and Departures all Vessels Summary
Boat Licences etc. issued
IX
XII
:
Emigration to Destinations other than China
XIV
Do.
in quinquennial periods
XV
Do.
in annual periods
XVI
Immigration from countries other than China
XVII
Do.
in quinquennial, periods
XVIII
Do.
in annual periods
XIX
Junks entered
VII
Do. cleared
Launches entered
Db. cleared
Revenue
Revenue and Expenditure comparison
Shipping Total 1906 to 1926
...
Do. Graph all classes 1906 to 1926
Do. do. Ocean Going Vessels 1906 to 1926
Vessels entered showing Number Tonnage and Crews.
:
VII
X
ΧΙ
*.
XHI
XXII
XXIV
XXV
XXVI
I
Do. cleared
do.
Do. entered at each port
Do. cleared
do.
II
III
IV
Do. of each nation entered....
V
Do.
do.
cleared...
VI
Do. in Foreign Trade comparison of Tonnage 1915 to 1926 XXII
Do. Registered
Do. Struck off the Register...
XX
XXI
1
D. 3
1. Shipping.
A comparison between the years 1925 and 1926 is given in the following table:-
1925.
1926.
Decrease.
Increase.
Class of Vessels
No.
Tonnage. No.
Tonnage. No. Tonnage. .No. Tonnage.
British Ocean-
going,
3,916
Foreign Ocean
going.
5,763
British River
Steamers,... 4,058
5,455,115 4,276 |
Foreign River
Steamers, 1,266
452,878 230
9.866,820 3,401 9,257,417 515) 609,403
13,786,954 4,468 12,057,279 1,295 1,729,675
5,473,429
107,735 1,036
:
218
18.314
345,143
Steamships
under 60
tons (For-
cign Trade) 5,386
165,197 2,829
Junks, Foreign
Trade,
20,947
2,451,789 15,027
87,330 2,557| 78,167
1,387,914 5,920 1,063,875
Total, Foreign
Trade, 41,336 32,179,053 30.231 28,371,101 11,323 3,826,263|| 218
18,311
Steam Laun-
ches plying
in Water of
the Colony, 310,924|| 8,050,939 249,902 6,975,072 61,012 1,075,867
Junks,
Trade,
Local
*26,317 *1,239,592 +30,218 †1,475,188
3,301
235,596
Grand Total... 379,177 41,469,584310,381 36,821.364 72,335 1,902,130 3.519
Net Decrease,
68,816 4,648,220
* Including 15,890 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 693,660 tons.
16,294
95
*
of 736,688
11
253,910
The total Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1926 amounted to 310,361 vessels of 36,821,364 tons, which compared with the figures of 1925 show a decrease of 68,806 vessels and a decrease of 4,648,220 tons.
Of the above 30,231 vessels of 28,371,104 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade as compared with 41,336 vessels of 32,179,053 tons, in 1925,
Table 1 shows a decrease in British ocean-going shipping of 515 ships of 609,403 tons. This decrease in ships and tonnage is due to the present. boycott in China generally.
D 4.
Foreign ocean-going vessels shows a decrease of 1295 ships and a decrease of 1,729,675 tons. This decrease in ships and tonnage is due to the present boycott in China generally.
British river steamers show an increase of 218 ships and an increase of 18,314 tons. This increase in ships and tonnage is due to the vessels again running on the Canton and West rivers.
Foreign river steamers show a decrease of 1,036 ships and a decrease of 345,143 tons. This decrease in ships and tonnage is due to the foreign river steamers not running until the latter part of the year.
In steamships not exceeding 60 tons employed in foreign trade there is a decrease of 2,557 ships with a decrease in tonnage of 78,167 tons. This decrease in launches and tonnage is due to the present boycott in China generally.
Junks in foreign trade show a decrease of 5,290 vessels, and a decrease of 1,063,875 tons. This decrease is due to the present
boycott in China generally.
In local trade (i.e. between places within the waters of the Colony) there is a decrease in steam-launches of 126,024 and a decrease in tonnage of 2,151,743 tons. This decrease in numbers and tonnage is due to the recent strike and the present boycott in China generally.
Junks in Local trade show an increase of 3,301 vessels and an increase of 235,596 tons. This increase in vessels is due principally to junks held in Canton and districts in 1925 during the boycott being released and coming to Hong Kong waters and remaining here for local trading.
Of vessels of European construction 3,930 ocean steamers, 2,244 river steamers and 1,399 steamships not exceeding 60 tons entered during the year, giving a daily average of 20'8 ships as compared with 289 ships in 1925 and 41:2 ships in 1924.
*
-
Thus :-
D 5
Steamers.
No. of times entered.
Total Tonnage.
Flag.
1925. 1926. 1925. 1926.
1925.
1926.
British,
371
3391,946 1,686
4,922,197 4,597,357
Japanese,
269
2071,153
755
2,826,465 2,236,359
U.S.A.,
69
69 224 236
1,370,638
1,510,383
Chinese,
65
61
323
606
365,450
245,697
German,
33
34
78
90
332,495
3,373,318
Danish,
12
14
42
23
117,249
78,025
Dutch,
45
French,
Italian,
Panaman,
Chilean,
Norwegian,
55
1922275
40
244
232
754,440
785,696
26
31
177
108
453,272
445,567
13
9
35
27
130,895
127,870
2
1
3,239
9,953
126
71,549
47
286
111
319,006
152,641
Portuguese,
9
5
109
..33
46,166
23,856
Russian,
1
1
1
915
241
Siamese,
1
1
377
Swedish,
7
15
12
58,915
46,180
Spanish,
3
14
8
37,070
19,236
Belgian
1
3,181
Total, 1,015 869 4,776 3,930 11,810,938 10,619,560
The Nationalities of the Crews in British and in Foreign Ships were as follows:-
VESSELS.
BRITISH CREW.
OTHER EURO-
PEANS AND AMERICANS.
ASIATICS.
1925. 1926. 1925. 1926. 1925. 1926. 1925. 1926.
British,.. 371 339 32,498 36,391 1,320 809 165,776 286,579
Foreign, 644 530 741 611 39,395 38,618 175,884 149,135
Total, 1,015 869 33,239 37,002 40,715 39,427 341,660 435,714
+
Honce in British ships :-----
·D.6 ·
and in Foreign ships: -
1925.
1926.
1925.
16.28 %
11.24 %
of the crews were British.
00:34 %
1926. 00:33 % of the crews were British.
00.66 %
00.25 % of the crews
18-24 % 20-50 % of the crews
were other
Europeans & Americans.
were other Europeans & Americans.
83.00 %
88-51 % of the crews 81.42 % 7917 % of the crews
were Asiatics.
were Asiatics.
100.00 %
100.00 %
100.00% 100·00 %
2,-TRADE.
The number and tonnage of ships of European type of construction carrying cargo for import and transit compared with 1925 were as follows:-
Steamers,
River Steamers,
Sailing Vessels,
Total,
1925.
1926.
Decrease.
No.
Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.
4,776 11,810,938 | 3,930|10,619,560 3,085 2,947,848 2,244 2,775,474 | 841
7,861 14,758,786 | 6,174|13,395,034|1,687|1,363,752
846 1,191,378
172,374
Decrease...
1.687 1,363,752
The corresponding figures relating to ships of European type of construction, shipping bunker coal, are as follows:-
Steamers, River Steamers,
Total,
EXPORTS.
1925.
1926.
Increase.
Decrease.
No.
Tonnage. No. Tonnage.
No.
Tonnage.
No. Tonnage.
4,903 11,842,836 3,930 10,695,136 | 2,239 2,960,145 2,262
964 1,147,700
2,805,690*
23
1,54,455
7,142 14,802,981 6,192 | 13,501,826. 28
Nett Decrease,
964
:
1,302,155
941
1,302,155
- D 7
1925.
1926.
Increase.
Decrease.
No.
Bunker
Coal. Tons.
No.
Bunker
No.
Coal. Tons.
Bunker
Coal. Tons.
No.
Bunker
Coal. Tons.
Steamers,
4,903
355,707 | 3,930
252,752
973
River Steamers,
2,239
94,061 8,262.
41,504 23
102,955
52,557
Total,.
7,142
449,768 6,192
294,256 23
973
...
Nett Decrease,
...
:
950 165,512
D 8
The River Trade compared with 1925 is shown in the
following Table :--
1925
1926..
Year.
Imports. Tons.
Exports.
Passengers.
Tons.
201,128
318,502
1,800,474
117,421
123,222
1,071,211
The following Tables show the Junk Trade of the Colony for the year 1925 and 1926 :-
IMPORTS.
1925.
1926.
Junks.
Tonnage.
Junks.
Tonnage.
Foreign Trade,......10,196
1,209,742
.
7,888
704,111
Local Trade,......... 5,327
262,051
6,859
323,352
Total,..... 15,523 1,471,793
14,247
1,027,463
Cargo.
Cattle, 309 heads,
Tons.
35
Swine, 13,254 heads,..
General,....
:
777
..267,587
Total,...................
268,399
"
EXPORTS.
1925.
1926.
` Junks.
Tonnage.
Junks.
Tonnage.
Foreign Trade,......10,751
1,242,047
7,639
683,803
Local Trade,......... 5,700
283,881
7,065
415,148
:
Total, 16,451 1,525,928
14,704
1,098,951
Cargo.
Tons.
Kerosine, 581,148 Cases,
20,660
Rice and Paddy,
Coal,
General,..
6,376 13,591 ...324,506
Total,...
365,133
+
-
י
*
13. Summary of the Shipping of the Port for the year 1920 :-
12
D9-
Registered.
Passengers.
Emigrants.
No. of
Ships.
Tonnage.
Bunker Coal Shipped. Tons.
Arrived.
Departed.
Returned. Departed.
British Ocean-going,
3,401
9,257,417
143,154
232,166
Foreign Ocean-going,
4,468
12,057,279
109,598
193,361
129,246
118,892 76.147 131,656 52,514 84,871
British River Steamers,
4,276
5,473,429
39,078
563.990
467,120
Foreign River Steamers,"
230
107,730
2,426
23,113
16,988
Total,..
12,375
27,895,860
294,256
1,012,630
732,246
128,661
216,527
Steam launches, Foreign Trade....
2,829
87,330
6,635
Junks, Foreign Trade,..
15,027
1,387,914
Total, Foreign Trade,
30,231
29,371,101
300,891
Steam-launches, Local Trade.................
249,912
6,975,072
49,174
53
12,921
1,025,607 732,726 6,278,615 6,338,913
13
467
128,6 61 216,527
Junks, Local Trade,
30,218
1.475,188
Total, Local Trade,
280,120
8,450,260
350,065
Grand Total,.
310,351
37,911,364
650,956
6,278,615 6,338,913
7,304,222
7,071,639 128,661
2,16,527

D 10
3. Revenue and Expenditure.
The total Revenue during the year was $820,888.39 as against $878,118.83 collected in the previous year showing a decrease of $57,230.44 or 6·97%.
Light Dues,
1925.
1926.
Increase. Decrease.
Light Dues, Special Assessments, Licences and Internal Revenue,. Fees of Court and Office,
$127,113.64 $110,543.80 138,330.30 127,655.26 192,504.38 186,778.70 418,717.23 395,226.50
$16,569.84
10.675.04
5,725.68
23,490.73
Miscellaneous Receipts,
1,453.28
681.13
$878,118.83 $820,888.39
769.15
$57,230.44
The principal individual increases are :--
Chinese Passenger Ship Licences,
Fishing Stake and Station Licences, Junk Licences,
Medical Examination of Emigrants, Survey of Steamships,
The principal individual decreases are :—
Light Dues,
Light Dues, Special Assessments,
Boat Licences,
Engagement and Discharge of Seamen,
Fees for use of Government Buoys,
Sunday Cargo Working Permits,
Steam Launch Licences,
Examination of Masters etc.,
Gunpowder Storage,
Official Signatures,
Registry Fees,
$
210.00
197.70
577.75
47,983.80 543.50
$ 16,569.84
10,675.04
3,746.90
3,833.40
18,075.81
39,225.00
1,934.75
1,677.50
3,153.59
1,076.00
5,045.13
was
The Expenditure excluding Special Expenditure $534,675.91 as against $451,396.05 expended in the previous year showing an increase of $83,279.86. This increase is principally due to additional staff and stipulated increments and coal, oil fuel and repairs and stores for Launches taken over from Police Depart- ment, Sanitary Department, Revenue Department and Post Office.
Special Expenditure included :-
Rescue Tug, construction of (Final Instalment), Chain for new Moorings,
54,750.00
14,444.04
Renewing Buoys and Chains of Launch Moorings, New Motors for Nos. 10 and 11 Police Launches, 1 Integrator for Government Marine Surveyor's
Office, ..
5,529.03
6,160.00
445.75
Wireless Telegraph and Telephone Set for
Rescue Tug,
603.27
Wireless Telegraph and Telephone Set for
Harbour Office,
2,109.78
Kelvinators for Gap Rock and Waglan
Lighthouses,
725.00
$ 84,766.87
The Amount of Light Dues collected during the year 1926 was as follows :-
Special Assessment.
No. of
Class of Vessels.
Trips.
Tonnage.
Rate
per ton.
Fees
Collected.
Total Fees
Rate
per ton
Fees
Collected.
Collected.
C.
Ocean Vessels,.
4,150
10,765,462
1 cent.
107,654.62
1 cent.
107,654.62
215,309,24
Steam-launches,
2,124
38,995 1
389.95 1
389.95
779.90
D 11
";
1
River Steamers, (Night Boats),.
651
749,770
>>
2.499.23
3,748.86
6,248.09
"
Do.,
(Day Boats),
1,527
1,903,416
Nil.
ile
15,861.83
15,861.83
""
Total,..
8,452 13,457,643

$110,543.80
:
$127,655.26
$238,199.06

D 12
4.-Steam-launches.
On the 31st December, 1926, there were 463 Steam-launches (including 130 licensed motor boats) employed in the harbour. Of these 406 were licensed for the conveyance of passengers, etc., 28 were the property of the Colonial Government, including 8 motor boats and 3 belonged to the Imperial Government, comprising 2 Steam- launches and 1 motor boat and 18 Naval (including 4 motor boats). In addition there were 30 motor boats privately owned for pleasure and private purposes.
New licence books for Steam Launches and Motor Boats were issued as follows in three classes during the year 1926, under Regulations, Section 37 of the Merchant Shipping Ordinance, No. 10 of 1899.
Class I......... 27 licences
Class II .... 38
Class III...... 37
"
"}
For incompetence or negligence in performing their duties:---
4 coxswain's certificates were suspended for 12 months,
1 for 6 months, 5 for 3 months and 1 for 1 month. 1 certificate of Coxswain who had absconded was suspended
until he reports at harbour office for enquiry.
1 Engineer's certificate was suspended for 6 months.
691 engagements and 685 discharges of masters and engineers were recorded during the year.
5.--Emigration and Immigration.
216,527 emigrants left Hong Kong for various places during the year 1926 (140,534 in 1925). Of these 131,656 were carried in British ships and 84,871 in Foreign ships.
128,661 returning emigrants were reported to, have been brought to Hong Kong from the several places to which they had emigrated either from this Colony or from Coast Ports, as against 91,622 in 1925. Of these, 76,147 arrived in British ships and 52,514 in Foreign ships.
6.-Registry, etc., of Shipping.
During the year, 13 ships were registered under the provisions of the Merchant Shipping Acts, and 26 Certificates of Registry cancelled. 217 documents, etc., were dealt with in con- nection with the Act, the fees on which amounted to $1,634.00 as compared with $6,679.13 in 1925.
2
እነ
D 13
7.-Marine Magistrate's Court.
Three hundred and ninety-three (393) cases were heard in the Marine Magistrate's Court during 1926 (as compared with 308 in 1925).
The principal offences were :-
Mooring within 100 yards from low water mark in pro-
hibited hours.
Dredging in Harbour without a permit.
Failing to observe the Rule of the Road.
Failing to carry the regulation lights.
Dumping rubbish in the Harbour without a permit. Boarding ships without permission.
Carrying excess passengers.
8. Marine Courts of Enquiry.
(Under Section 19 of Ordinance 10 of 1899).
During the year 1926 four courts were held, viz:-
(1) On the 6th January, 1926, to enquire into the circum- stances of the stranding of the British Steamship
Tean" Official No. 118,385 of London. Mr. Ernest Harold Histed, certificate of competency as Master No. 4260 of Hong Kong, was Master.
(2) On the 26th February, 1926, to enquire into the circumstances of the stranding of the British Steam- ships "Kweiyang" and "Hunan" official Nos. 145,216 and 104,385 of London. Mr. David Henderson Martin certificate of competency as Extra Master No. 033,025 of Leith and Mr. William George McKenzie certificate of competency as Master No. 4,238 of Hong Kong were Masters.
(3) On the 4th May, 1926, to enquire into the circum- stances of the collision between the British Steamship "Yat Shing" and the Japanese Steamship "Tacoma Maru "
(4) On the 3rd December, 1926, to enquire into the cir- cumstances of the collision between the British Steamship "Antung" and a Junk.
9.-Examination of Masters, Mates, and Engineers. (Under Board of Trade Regulations.)
The following Tables show the number of Candidates examined under Ordinance No. 10 of 1899 for Certificates of Compe-
tency.
Grade.
Master,
Master, River Steamers,
First Mate,
Second Mate,
Mate, River Steamers,.
..
D 14
* Total,
First Class Engineer,
Second Class Engineer,
†Total,
:
Passed.
Failed.
10
20
29:
10
...
3
1
31
14
24
7
31
33.
55
40
* Passed 68.8 per cent. † Passed 57.9 per cent.
Failed 31.2 per cent. Failed 42.1 per cent.
For Steamships not exceeding 60 tons, under Section 37 of Ordinance 10 of 1899:- --
Master,... Engineer,
Candidates.
Total,...
Passed.
Failed.
98†
5
132*
10
230
15
* Including 67 candidates from Government Launches re-examined.
وو
62
>
10. Examination of Pilots.
(Under Ordinance No. 3 of 1904.)
Twenty three licences were renewed during the year and 1 candidate presented himself for Examination and failed.
One Pilot died during the year.
11. Sunday Cargo-Working.
Under Ordinance No. 1 of 1891, 743 permits were issued during the year as compared with 696 in 1925.
The Revenue collected under this head amounted to $80,275 as against $119,500 in 1925 showing a decrease of $39,225.
X
D 15
12. Harbour Master's Out Stations.
(Twenty-seventh year of British Administration.)
The Out-stations attached to the Harbour Department con- tinued to perform the work allotted to them and during the year Licences, etc., were issued by them as follows:-
1925.
1926.
Cheung Chau, opened 1899...... 3,177
3,719
Tai 0,
1899..... 1,972
1,967
23
Tai Po,
1900. 1,303
1,516
""
Sai Kung, Long Ket,
1902...... 1,329
814
""
1905...... 861
850
Deep Bay,
1911...... 958
833
"
Lantao,
1912......
575
822
""
10,175
10,521
The following is a comparative statement showing the amount of fees collected at out-Stations during the years 1925 and 1926.
Station.
1925.
1926.
Increase. Decrease.
$.
C.
C.
$
C.
Shaukiwan,
23,086.50
22,907.75*
178.75
Aberdeen,
13,671.45
16,513,00
3,141.55
Stanley,
1,192,00
1,096.30
95.70
Yaumati,
34,678.75
31,164.00+
3,514.75
Cheung Chow,
10,400.25 11,614.25
1,214.00
Tai O,
4,447.65 4,603,85
156.20
Tai Po,
3,889.15 4,331.40 442.25
Saikung,
3,123.00 2,207.50
915.50
Longket,
2,123.90 2,488.90 365.00
Deep Bay, Lantao,
2,549,25
2,205.90
343.35
1.410.15 1,925.40 515.25
Total,
100,572 05 101,358.25 5,834.25
5,048.05
*Not including Dispensary Fees $2,111.70
t
""
""
$3,021.80
D 16
13-Lighthouses and Signal Stations.
GAP ROCK Lighthouse.
During 1926 a total number of 996 vessels were signalled. and reported including 249 by Flash lamp.
3,084 messages, including meteorological observations for the Observatory, were sent by telegraph, and 471 by wireless, 116 messages were received by telegraph and 477 by wireless including weather reports.
Telegraphic communication was interrupted for 48 days 3 hours.
There were 138 hours and 30 minutes of fog, and fog signals were fired 874.times.
The fortnightly reliefs were delayed 3 times owing to bad weather.
WAGLAN LIGHTHOUSE.
During 1926, 3,946 vessels were signalled and reported in- cluding 901 by Flash lamp.
3,399 messages including meteorological observations for the Royal Observatory were sent by telegraph and 857 by wireless and 705 were received by telegraph and 267 by wireless including weather reports.
Telegraphic communication was interrupted for 32 days.
There were 527 hours 55 minutes fog, and fog signals were fired 6,754 times.
The Diaphone fog signal was sounded for 527 hours 55 minutes.
On one occasion the relief was delayed owing to bad weather.
GREEN ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE AND SIGNAL STATION. During 1926, 1,379 vessels were signalled and reported. 21 vessels were not reported owing to telephonic communication being interrupted.
342 messages were sent and 16 were received.
Aga lights (including Green Island) are now 17 and have worked accurately and continuously throughout the year.
The Beckwith Bell fog signal has worked satisfactorily.
KAP SING LIGHTHOUSE,
This station has been regularly inspected and has worked satisfactorily throughout the year.
~D 17
SIGNAL STATIONS.
At the Peak Signal Station 2,054 vessels were signalled and reported. The gun signal denoting the arrival of Mail Steamers, was fired 51 times.
At the Signal Hill Station, Kowloon, 3,158 vessels were signalled and reported as entering and 2,262 as leaving the harbour. 149 Typhoon and non-local signals were hoisted.
14. Harbour Moorings.
GOVERNMENT ORDINARY MOORINGS!
Government Moorings as detailed below are available for the use of vessels frequenting the Port :--
Daily Rental. Number Available,
1925. 1926.
A Class for Vessels 450/600
feet long
...
$8.00
17
17
B Class for Vessels 300/450
feet long
6.00
17
17
C Class for Vessels less than

300 feet long...
4.00
22-
22
...
Total...
:56
56
In the aggregate these moorings were in use throughout the
year as follows:-
A Class 3,943 days.
B Class 3,420
C Class 4,854
>>
GOVERNMENT TYPHOON MOORINGS.
Of the above 56 Moorings there are 16 special Typhoon Moorings viz., 14 A Class and 2 B Class.
REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.
The gross revenue for the year, including $1,240 from Private Buoys, was $72,730.19 and the expenditure for upkeep was $19,899.80. In addition to this $14,444.04 was expended in providing chain for new moorings.
PRIVATE BUOYS.
Permission was granted to various industrial concerns to maintain private buoys and moorings to the number of 26, and the total revenue derived from that source was $1,240.
-
:
D 18-
MERCANTILE MARINE OFFICE.
32,982 seamen were shipped and 30,929 discharged at the Mercantile Marine Office and on board ships during the year, com- pared with 39,846 shipped and 36,520 discharged during 1925.
*70 distressed seamen were received and admitted to Sailors' Home and Boarding Houses; of these 16 were sent Home, 1 to Aden, 2 to Bombay, 12 to Calcutta, 11 to Colombo, 3 to Singapore, 3 to Sydney, 1 to Canton, 1 to Manila, 1 to New York, 2 remained in Hospital, and 15 obtained employment.
$787.93 was expended by the Harbour Master on behalf of the Board of Trade in the relief of these distressed seamen.
MARINE SURVEYOR'S OFFICE.
The total number of vessels surveyed for Passenger Certificates in 1926 was 120 vessels of 371,760 gross tons, 43 being surveyed at Kowloon Docks, 55 at Taikoo Dockyard, 4 at Cosmopolitan Docks, and 17 on Chinese slipways, the remainder being surveyed in the Harbour on bottom Certificates.
The nationalities and tonnage of these vessels were as follows :--
104 vessels of 347,621 tons (gross)
British,
Chinese,
Norwegian,
Danish,
*

9
57
7,256
">
>
6
>"
14,909
""
"
1
""
1,974
"
""
4 vessels of 43,786 gross tons were granted Bottom Certifi-
cates at Hong Kong during the year.
The nationalities and tonnage of these vessels were as follows
British,
Chinese,
4 vessels of 43,786 tons (gross)
1
""
708
>>
Emigration surveys were held on 60 British and 70 Foreign Steamships, as compared with 36 British and 62 Foreign Steamships in the previous year.
"
Year.
1925111
86 IT 6
1926 | 120
13
4 130
Return of Work performed by the Government Marine Surveyor's Department.
11
6
13
Passenger Certificate
Certificate of Appro-
val of Load Line.
Bottom Inspection.
Emigration.
Measurement of Tonnage for British
Registration.
British Tonnage
Certificates for Foreign Vessels.
Recording change
of name and Endors- ing Carving Note.
Inspection of Crew Space, Lights, and Markings.
Minor Inspections. Inspection of
Tracings and Draw- ings of Boiler.
Survey of Licensed
Passenger Launches.
Survey of Boilers under Construction.
Inspections of Government Launches,
Piracy Fitting etc.
Examination of Engineers.
Examination of Chinese Engineers of Launches & M. B.
Estimated Total
Number of Visits in connection with foregoing Inspections.
61
C
18
6
333
123
123
21
739
34
006
15
198
10
724
14
1,224
100
142
88
151
D 20
GOVERNMENT GUNPOWDER DEPOT.

During the year 1926 there were stored in the Government Gunpowder Depôt, Green Island :-
No.
of Cases.
Approx- imate Weight.
1ს.
Gunpowder, privately owned,
Do., Government owned,. Cartridges, privately owned,.....
Do., Government owned,.
425
11,991
29
4,100
54
4,988
126
12,160
Explosive Compounds, privately owned,
3,849
225,028
Do.,
Government owned,
82
3,855
Non-explosives, privately owned,....
124
23,440
Do.,
Government owned,
34
1,370
Total,
4,723
286,932
During the same period there were delivered out of the
Depôt :--
Approxi-
No. of Cases.
mate
Weight.
For Sale in the Colony :-
lb.
Gunpowder, privately owned,
149
5,027
Cartridges, privately owned,...
19
1,748
Explosive Compounds, privately owned,
3,051
170,775
Non-explosives, privately owned,
5
694
For Export :-
Gunpowder, privately owned,
134
3,350
Explosive Compounds, privately owned,
384
20,151
For Destruction :-
Explosive Compounds, privately owned,....
-66
Do.,
Government owned,
88888998
3,420
23
905
Government owned :-
Cartridges,
Explosive Compounds,
40 37
3,860
1,870
Total,...
3,908
211,800
D 21
On the 31st December, 1926, there remained as follows :-
No. of Cases.
Approxi-
mate
Weight.
tb.
Gunpowder, privately owned,
142
3,614
Do.,
Government owned,
29
4,100
Cartridges, privately owned,
35
3,240
Do. Government owned,
86
8,300
Explosive Compounds, privately owned,
348
30,762
Do.,
Government owned,
22
1,080
Non-explosives, privately owned,
119
22,746
Do.,
Government owned,
34 1,370
Total,..
815 75,152
GOVERNMENT COALING DEPOT, YAUMATI.
Government Launches received coal or oil fuel as required during the year. 7,148 tons of coal was received into the Depôt and 6,898 tons issued to launches. 19,044 gallons of Kerosene and 6,092 gallons of Petrol were received and 17,972 gallons Kerosene and 5,720 gallons Petrol were issued to motor launches.
GOVERMNENT SLIPWAY, YAUMATI.
Government launches were slipped, aggregating 95 times at regular intervals during the year and the slip was occupied 322 days.
HARBOUR DEPARTMENT,
G. F. HOLE, Lieut.-Commander, R.N.,
Harbour Master, &c.
Hong Kong, March, 1927.
1
Table I.-NUMBER, TONNAGE,
BR
COUNTRIES WHENCE ARRIVED.
WITH CARGO.
IN L.
Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels.
"
Australia.
29
90.046 3.207
British North Borneo..................
Canada,
Coast of China, Ships,
25
40 87,610 3,148
26 263.907 14,303
1
1,092
1,687.794 86,687
43
Steamships under 60 tons....
Junks,
!་
Cochin China
Dutch East Indies.
Europe, Atlantic Ports.

45
59,621 2,706
20
43,714
1,466
28
122,622
2,448
Baltic Ports,
Mediterranean Ports. ........
8.910
110
Formosa.
3
11,397
203
1
Great Britain,
129
642,625 15,387
1
India,
91
Japan.
157
Kwong-chau-wan,
63
Macao, Ships,
1.500
1,851,575
332,470 12,590
676,921 22,276
353,00 3,813
98.991
2
10
Steamships under 60 tons,
:
Junks.
52
Mauritius.
:
:
South Africa,
Philippine Islands,
20
164.224
7,516
Ports in Hainan and Gulf of Tonkin.
161
Russia in Asia,
Siam,
89
194.115 11,340
33,120
184.028
569
6.937
South America Ports,
5.086
66
1
Straits Settlements,
112
231,572 11.321
3
Tsingtau.
46
74.806 1,408
United States of America,
74
336.379 5,236
70
Ocean Islands
TOTAL,.....
3,786 7.087,842 314,778
80
231
D 23
SHIPPING, 1926.
Table I.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, AND CREWS, OF VESSELS ENTERED AT PORTS IN THE CO
BRITISH.
INTRIES WHENCE ARRIVED.
WITH CARGO.
IN BALLAST.
TOTAL.
With Cargo.
Vessels.
Tons.
Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels.
Tons.
Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels
A.
North Borneo..
29
40
90,046 3,207
87,610 3,148
29
3,150
46
26
263,907 14,303
China, Ships,
1,092
1,687.794 86,687
43 64,922 4,335
90.046 3,207
41 90,760 3,194
26 263,907
1,135 | 1,752,716
13
15
52,564 1.629
20,661
815
14,303
91,022
503
Steamships under 60 tons...
386
:
Junks,
:
:
4,918
560,094 29,369
13.920
356,178 57,661
63
4,683
768
1,538
China
Just Indies.
-Atlantic Ports,
45
59,621 2,706
20
43,714 1,466
1
3.797
28
122,622
2,448
:
45 59,621
2,703
50
59,119 2,877
2
32
21
47,511
1 498
146
488,635 13.224
:.
28 122,622
2,448
114
506,383 8,350
Baltic Ports,
11
:
Mediterranean Ports. ................
3
8,910
110
3
8,910
110
39
56,558
203 206
424
6,064
1
3
11,397
203
1
1,359
72
4
12,756
275
26
92
113,105 6,165
1
itain.
129
642,625 15,387
18,125
595
132
660,750
15,982
28
163,481 1,192
91
332,470 12,590
8,618
151
93
157
hau-wan.
676.921 22,276
63 353,00 3,813
10
41,770
819
311,088 12,741
167 718,691 23,095
7$
450

633333
35,300 3,813
268,434 5,414
1,507,369 37,032
205 87,435 12,223
1
hips,
1.500
1,851,575
98,991
1,500 1,851,575 98,991
41
teamships under 60 tons,
138
1,226 1,443
107
unks.
394
:
65,008 6,952
538
:
4,253
36
ica,
2,784
104
2,784
104
e Islands,
20
164,224
7,516
:
20
20
164,224 7,516
59
Hainan and Gulf of Tonkin,
161
194,115 11,340
2,715
237
165
Asia,
6
89
nerica Ports,
ttlements,
112
33,120
134.028 6,987
5.086
231,572 11,321
569
6
196,830 11,377
33,120
160
449.777 12,258
135,236 9,461
569
4
19,202
201
89
134,028 6,987
19
29,273 1,272
66
N
5,086
66
13
57,131 1,256
6,166
217
115 237,738 11,538
9
22.010
693
46
74.806 4,408
:
ates of America,
74 336,379 5,236
9
inds
2
76,066 2,239
2,268 154
46 74,806 4,408
$3 412,445 7,475
3
190
8,178
1,041,448
200
27,023
:
2,268
154
:
:..
CO
13
:
TOTAL,.....
3,786 7,087,842 314,778
80 231.740 9,001
3,816 | 7,319,582 | 323, 79
8,038 | 6,292,929 | 251,226
3,107
1926.
THE COLONY OF HONG KONG FROM EACH COUNTRY IN THE YEAR 1926.
FOREIGN.
TOTAL.
IN BALLAST.
TOTAL.
WITH CARGO.
IN BALLAST.
TOTAL.
S.
Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels.
Tons.
Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons.
13
52,564 1,629
142,610 4,836
42
Crews.
142.610 4,836
.
5
1
2,313
16
22,974
861
108.271 3,963
2
5,463
95
57 113,734 4,058
26
:
69
63
68,449
2,959
566

768
22,497 7,995
1.154
61
1,538 212,819 23.002
6.456
628,543 32,328
36,417 12,678
568,992 80,663
263,907 14,303
1,595 2,247,888 116,056
386 13,920 1,683
4,918 356,173 57,661
106
768
1,538
7
2
2,754
130
52
61,873
3,007
95
118,740 5,583
24
5.604
160
150
194,289 13.381
166
532,399 14,690
133,371
7,294
22,497 7.995
212,819 23,002
2,75+ 130
9.401
26 263,907 14,303
1.701 2,381,259 123,350
1,154
6,456
1,417 12,678
.992
80,663
97
121,494 5,713
192
171 541,800 14,882
114
506,383 8,359 142
629,005 10,807
142
629,005 10,807
24
11
56,558
424
11
56,553
424
11
56,558
424
4
1
211
33
40
203,447 6,097
42
212,116 6,174
241
33
43
: 2,357
6,207
55
1,211
65
93 114,346 6,230
95
124,502 6,368
2
2,600
137
97
127,102
6,505
2
28
163,481 4,492
157;
806,106 19,879
18,125
595
160
824,231 20,174
4
20,592
182
82
289,026 5.596
169 600,904 18,004
6
29,210
233
175 630,114 18,337
+
$2
ลง
9
15,976
714
459
23
1
219
54
206
1
41
11,483
870
41
3
107
2,873 1,078
245
2
538
70,111
8.921
36
1
1,523,345 37,746
87,684 12,277
11,483 870
7,099 2,521
932 135,119 15,873
4,253
607 2,184,290 59,308
19
57,746
1,533
**
626 2,142,036 60,841
36
268 122,735 16.036
1,500 1,851,575 98,991
138 4,226 1,443
394 65,003 6,952
4,253
1
249
54
269
122,984 16,090
11,483
870
1 541
1,863,058 99,861
107
538
2,873 1,078
70,111 8,921
245
7,099 2.521
932 135.119 15,873
36
4,253
36
:
2,781
101
2,784
104
8
7,550
164
63 157,327 12,422
79
-1
2,598
164 137,831 9,576 321
:
4 19,202
201
72
2,309
146
21
31,582 1,418
10.
108
614,001 19,774
.329,351 20,801
52,322 770
163,301 8,259
7 550
164
621,551 19,938
5,313
352
329
334,664 21,153
10.
52,322
770
!
2
2,309
146
110
165,610 $,405
»6
13
57,131 1,256
18
62,217 1,322
:
...
15
62,217 1,322
13
8,969
394
G
3
ون
13
71,522
1,842
203
15 30,979 1,087
8,178
1,112,970 28,865
121
253,582 12,014
9
15,185
611
130
268.717 12,625
200
49
82.984 4,608
264 1,377,827 32,259
وار
82,984 4,608
22
2
:
147,588 4.081
2,268
1,525,415 36,340
151
2,268
154
26 3,107
530,150
48,87311,145 6,823,079 300,099 11,774 13,380,771 | 566,004
3,187
761,890 57,874
14 96 14,142,661623,878
COUNTRIES TO WHICH DEPARTED.
1
WITH CARGO.

Table ÌÌ.—TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, AN
Vessels.
Tons.
Crews.
Bunker
Coal. Vessels. Tons.
BRITISH.
IN BALLAST.
Bunker
TOTAL.
ons. Crews. Coal. Vessels. Tons. Crev
Tons.
Australia,
28
86.566
3,183
950
1
3,478
48
23
90,014 3,2
British North Borneo,.........
27
49,416 2,671
3.850
30
85,546
1,442
1,240
57
134,962 4,1
Canada,
23
234,148 11,439
:
3
9,922
120
26
Ceast of China, Ships,
1,244 2,025,794 103,504 65.712
23
48.197
1,467
787
214,070 11.6
1,267 2,073,991 | 104,9
Steamships under 60 tons....
Junks,
Cochin China,
46
70,487 2,959 9,410
Dutch East Indies,
3,634
54
Europe. Mediterranean Ports,
1
4,426
79
:
:
Atlantic Ports,
25
121,051
2,482
Baltic Ports.
:
:
23
28,410
1,427 4,060
$
20,800
446
120
:
:
:
:
699
255
98,897
4,3:
24,434
4,426
121,051
2,4:
Formosa,

Great Britain,....
India,
65
382,578 11,912 2.900
3,972
65
12,088
445
1
3,972
$
66
394,666 12,3
83
310,015 12,455 4,010
:.
83
310,015 12,4
Japan,...
196
Kwong-chau-wan,
60
Macao, Ships,
1,501
839,526 23,586 15,394
3,433 3,808
1.843,629 99,047 18,380
10
40,390
708
400
206 879,916 24,2
65
:
33,433 3,8
1,501 1,843,629 99,0
Steamships under 60 tons,
79
Junks,.
South Africa,
2
4,767
197
380
1,767
1:
Mauritius,
1,571
71
1.571
Philippine Islands,
34
Ports in Hainan and Gulf of Tonkin,
125
Siam,
65
242,919 10,544
143,252 9,180 16,694
96,694
650
3.928
199
396
37 246,847 10,7
41
56,982 2,786
5.680
5,308 11.115
1
1,914
27
166. 200,234 11,90
6G 98,60S 5,3:
South American Ports,
:
:
:
Straits Settlements.
!
112
237,617 10,013 11,009
11
20.465
890
1.110
123
258,082 10.99
United States of America.
52
270,602 4,714- 2,050
10
58,857 1,338
1,400
62
329,459 6,07
Russia in Asia,
Ocean Islands,
Ι
5.774
4,070)
80
70
4.346
72
93 1,400
10,120
4,070
!
TOTAL
3,694 | 7.011,969
3 7,429 167,039
167
299,295 11,480 15,193
3,861 | 7,411,264 | 328,9
!
D 24
NUMBER, TONNAGE, AND CREWS OF VESSELS CLEARED AT EACH PORT IN THE COLONY OF HONG KONG DUR
TOTAL.
WITH CARGO.
FOREIGN.
IN BALLAST.
TOTAL.
Bunker
Coal.' Vessels. Tons.
Bunker
Bunker
Bunker
Tons. Crews.
Coal. Vessels. Tons Crews.
Tons.
Coal. Vessels. Tons.
Tous. Crews. Coal. Vessels.
Tons.
Tons.
Crews.
Bunke Coal Tons.
29
90,014 3,231
950
11
1,240
57
26
134,962 4,113 5,090
211,070 11,609
10
47,628 1,495
11,695
1,075
2,744
42
12
50,372 1,537 1,07.
574 1,340
20,485
334
18
32,180
908 1,340
787
1,267 2,073,991 | 104,971
66,499
583
780,906 32,033 19,073
14
67,861
2,268
5.297
627
854
26.691 9,246
332
9,663
3,534
1,166
848.770
36,351
34,301
12 780
24,370
1,095
378,378 55,286
2,667
183.978
28,258
:
6.762
562,356 83.541
4,060
98,897 4,386
13,470
41
66,343
2,278 6,910
12
18,671
499 2.040
53
120
24,431
500
120
92
327,193 9,176 4,855
15
34,073
748
1,460
107
$5,014 2,777
361,266 9,921 6,31:
8,951
4,426
79
38
205,880 7,334
730
38
25 121,051
2,482
• 40
184,555
3,583
370
40
:
:
:
:
3,972
65
93
4,460
134.477
38
:..
1
6,444 1,710
12 16,483
432
725
105
205,880 7.334
184,555 3,583
4,460
38
150.960 6,876 2.435
730
370
66
394,666 12,357 2,900
24
139.376 4,035 2,300
83 310,015 12,455 4,010
99
351,395 4.871 6,045
:
:
24
139,376 4,035 2.300
:..
99
351,395 4,871 6,045
400
206
:
1,501
$79,916 24,294 15,791 359
33,433 3,808
1,843,629 99,047
65
207
18,380
,4 4,241
1,236,668 31,780 16,150
88,554 11,789 10,962
168
23
53,542 1.075
930
382
1,290,210 32,855 17,100
207
400
39
9,120
753
653
43
88,551 11.789 10,962
13,361
921 1
1,053
211
6,062 2,169
:
53
1,398
528
264
7,460 2,697
816
:
113,024 13,945
61
8.423
700
$77 121,447 14,645
:
4.767
197
380
10
35.907
807
10 35,907
807
1,571
71
:
:
:
396
37 246,847 10,743 1,046
106
672,199 16,452 1,680
3
19,485
711
5.680
166 200.234 11,966 22.374
161 134,226 9.141 10,410
38
59,779
GG 98,605 5,335 11,115
20
j
31,448 1,258 3,940
$
14,562
1,725 4.050
435 1,730
199
24
:.
116,434 2,588
24
109 691,684 17.163 1.680
194,005 10,866 14,460
28 46,010 1,693 5,670
116,434 2,588
1.110
123 258,082 10,903
15,119
29
92.285 2.517 3,200
2
5,543
123
250
1,400
:
:
62 329,459 6,052 3,450
10,120
4,070
155
152
70
11
973,058 25,518 1,269
50,405 55. 1,150
16
77,637
655 1,200
171
ན་
241
333
100
12
31 97,828 2,640 3450
1,050,695 26,173 2,469
50,646 584 1,250
93 1.400
5,193
3,861 7,411,264328,909 | 182,232
8,074 6,213.488 255,076 93,569
3,335
*603,691 +2,853
18,455
11,409 | 6,817,179 |297,929|112,024
ONG KONG DURING THE YEAR 1926.
TOTAL.
WITH CARGO,
TOTAL.
IN BALLAST.
GRAND TOTAL.
Bunker
Bunker
ons.
Crews.
Coal. Tons.
Vessels.
Tons.
Crews.
Coal. Vessels. Tons.
Tons.
Crews.
Bunker Coal. Tons.
Bunker
Vessels.
Tons. Crews.
Coal.
Tons.
50,372
1,537
1,075
39
134,194
4,678
2,025
6,222
90
41
140,416
4,768
2,025
2,180
908
1,340
37
61,311 3,245
5,190'
38
106,031
1,776
1,240
75
167,142
5,021
6.430
23
...
234,148
11,489
3
- 9,922
120
26
244,070 11,609
'8,770
34,301
24,370
1,827 2.806,700 | 135,537
84,785
67
116,061
3.735
6.084
1,894 2,922,761 | 139,272
90,869
36,35 £
12 780
834
26,691
9,246
332
9,663
3.534
1,166
36,351
12,780
52,356
83,544
4,095 378.378 55,286
2,667
183,978
28,258
6,762
562.356
83 514
5,014
2,777
8,950
87
136,830 5,237 16,320
35
47,081
1,926 6,100
122:
183.911
7,163
22,420
51,266 9,921
6,315
93
330,827
9,230
1,855 ||
23
54,873
1,194 1,580
116:
385,700 10,424
6,435
15,880
7,334
730
39
210,306 7,413
730il
:
39
:
:
210,306
7,413
730
4,555 3,583
370
65
305,606
6,065
3701
65
305,606
6,065
370
4,460
38
4,160
38
4,460
38
>0.960
6,876
2,435
93
131,477
6.444
1.710
13
20,455
497
725
106
154,932
6,941
2,435
49,376 4,035
2,300
89
521,954
15,947
5,200
12,088
145
90
534,042
16,392
5,200
51.395
4,871 6,045
182
661,410 17,325
10.055
182 661.410
17,326 10,055
30,210
32,855
17,100
555 | 2,076,104
55,366
31.544
33
93,932 1,783
1,350
8,551
11.789
10,962
267 !
15,597 121,987
11,027
:
!
13,361
921
1,053
1,505
7,460
2,697
211
21,447
14,645
816
1,847,870
6,062
113,024 13,945
99,215
2.169
18780
39
9,120
753
653
588
267
1,514
2,170,126
57,149
32,894
121,987
15,597
11,027
1,856.990
99.968 19,433
53
1.398
528
264
7,160
2,697
61
8,423
700
877
121,447
14.645
35,907
807
12
40,074
1,004
380
12
:
1
1,571
71
:
:
40,674
1,004
380
1
1,571
71
91,684
17,163
1,680
140
915,118
26.996
2.330
6
23,413
910
396
146 938,531
27.906
2.726
94,005
10,866
14,460
286
277,478
18,321
27,104
79
116,761
4.511
9,730
365
394.239
22,832
36,834
*6,010
1,693
5,670
85
128,112 6,566
15,055
9
16,476
462
1,730
94
L
144,618
7,028
16,785
16,434 2,588
24
116,434
2,588
24:
17,828
2,640
3 450
141
329,902
12,530
17.209
13
26.008
1.013
1.360
154
116,434
13,543 355,910
2.588
18.569
50,695 26,176
2,469
207
1,243,660
30,232
3.319
26
50,646
584: 1,250
12
56,179
2
4,070
631
93
1,220
136,494
.4,587
1,993
2.600
233
105
100
14
1.400
1,380,154
60,766
4,070
32,225
5.919
786
1,320
93
1,400
17,179 297,929|| 1:2,024
11,768 13,226,457 | 572,505 |260,608
3,502 1,002,986 54.333 33.648
15.270 -14.228.443 626,838 294,256
-D.25 -
NUM Table III.-TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE and CREWS of VESSELS ENTERED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONG KONG in the YEAR 1926.
BRITISH.
Names of Ports.
WITH CARGO.
IN BALLAST.
FOREIGN.
TOTAL.
TOTAL.
WITH CARGO.
IN BALLAST.
TOTAL.
WITH CARGO.
IN BALLAST.
TOTAL.
Vessels.
*Tons.
Vessels. Tons.
Vessels. Tons.
Vessels. : Tons.
Vessels.
Tons.
Vessels. Tons. Vessels. Tons.
Vessels. Tons. Vessels. Tons.
:
122
5,566
34
1,642
156
7,208
122
5,566
34 1,642
156
7,208
263 17,304
48
2,961
311
20,265
263
17,304
48 2,961
311
20,265
50
1,489
14
472
64
1,961
50
1,489
2,198
47,104
786
59,989 2,984
107,093
2,198 47,104
14
786
472
64
1,961
59,989 2,984
107,093
Tai O,
Yaumati,.
Victoria,
140
1,610
3,736 7,087,842
80231,740 3,186 | 7,319,582
3,809
73,734
4,006 | 6,151,147
55 987 195
1,434 113,187 3,044 385 343,688 4,391
140
4,796 3,809
186,921 1,610 73,734 6,494,835 7,742 13,238,989
55
987 4,796
1,434 113,187 3,044 186,921 465 575,428 8,207 13,814,417
195
Total,
3,736 7,087,842
80 231,740
3,8167,319,582
8,389 6,300,153
2,756 522,926 11,145 6,823,079 | 12,125 13,387,995
13,387,
2,836 754,666 14,961 14,142,661
Aberdeen,
Cheung Chau,..
:
:.
:
:
Saikung,
Shaukiwan,
Stanley,
:
:
:
:
- D 26
Table IV.-TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS CLEARED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONG KONG in the YEAR 1926,
BRITISH.
FOREIGN.
TOTAL.
Namos of Ports.
WITH CARGO.
IN BALLAST.
TOTAL.
WITH CARGO.
IN BALLAST.
TOTAL.
WITH CARGO.
IN BALLAST.
TOTAL.
Vessels.
Tons.
Vessels. Tons. Vessels.
Tons.
Vessels. Tons.
Vessels. Tons. Vessels. Tons. Vessels. Tons. Vessels. Tons, Vessels. Tons.
Aberdeen,
Cheung Chau,
Saikung,
Shaukiwan,
Stanley,
Tai 0,
2443
48
:
2,784
128
5,783
176
8,567
48
128 2,784
5,783
176
8,567
148
:..
:
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
...
8,796
:
:
123 10,011
271
:..
18,807
148
8,796
123
10,011
271
18,807
30
843
27
958
57
1,801
30
843
27
958
57
1,801
:
1,275
28,551
1,619159,331
2,894
187,882
1,275
28,551
1,619
159,331 2,894
187,882
:
:
Yaumati,
:
Victoria,......
3,694 7,011,969
167 399,295 3,861 7,411,264
113
76 2,560
189 2,106
4,666 2,025 139,665 1,194
3,219 57,169
196,834 3,775 6,008,597 828 390,025 1,603 6,398,622
133 2,560 2,025 139,665 7,469 13,020,566
76
2,106 1,194 57,169 995 789,320
189 4,666 3,219 196,834 8,464 13,809,886
Total,
3,694 7,011,969
167 399,295 3,861 7,411,264
7,414 6,191,796
3,995 625,383 11,409 6,817,179
11,108 13,203,765
4.162 1,024,678
15,270 14,228,443
Table V.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hong Kong in the Year 1926.
ENTERED.
WITH CARGO.
IN BALLAST.
TOTAL.
NATIONALITY.
Vessels. Tous. Crews. Vessels. Tons.
Crews. Vessels.
Ton's.
Crews.
"
British,
3,736 | 7,087,842 | 314,778
80 231,740
9,001
3,816
7,319,582 | 323,779
American,
221
1,433,936
35,196
15
76,447
660
236
1,510,383
35,856.
Chinese,
657
271,328
27,141
33
22,758
1,484
690
294,086
28,625
Junks,
5,312
421,181
64,613
2,076
282,930
31,923
7,388
704,111
96,536
"
Danish,
21
75,735
977
2
2,290
173
23
· 78,023
1,150
Dutch,
212
748,853 21,829
20
35,843
1,302
232
785,696
23,13,1
French,
104
435,718
20,714
4
9,849
493
108.
445,567
21,207
Italian,
27
127,870
2,138
27
127,870
2,138
Japanese,
737 | 2,216,469
39,121
18 19,890
802
755
2,236,359
59,923
Norwegian,
89
125,099
4,039
22
27,542
933
111
152,641
4,972
Portuguese,
59
23,116
1,617
4
5,600
165
63
28,716
1,773
Russian,
241
33
1
241
33
German,
84
331,741
7,622
5,577
253
90
337,318
7,875.
Swedish,
12
46,180
413
12
46,180
413
Siamese,
Belgian,
1
3,181
39
1
3,181
39
Chilian,..
......
Panaman,
1
9,953
417
I
9,953
417
Spanish,
8
19,236
812
19,236
812
Steamships
under 60
tons trading to Ports
524
18,146 6,126
875 25,370 9,073
1,399
43,516
15,199
outside the Colony,
TOTAL, ****
11,804 13,385,631 567,175
757,080 56,703 3,157 757,080
14,961 14,142,661 623,578.
.
H
Table VI.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hong Kong in the Year 1926.
D 28
CLEARED.
WITH CARGO.
NATIONALITY.
IN BALLAST.
TOTAL.
Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels.
Tons.
Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.
British,
3,6947,011,969 317,429
167 399,295
11,480
3,861
7,411,264 328,909
American,..
220
1,486,662
34,481
17 78,538
695
237
1,515,200
35,176
Chinese,
675
288,047 25,296
14 9,722
631
689
292,769
25,927
Junks,
4,911
491,402
69,231
2,728 192,401
28,958
7,639
683,803 98,189
Danish,
21
69,514
2,654
2
8,511
80
23
78,025
2,734
Dutch,
211
726,732
20,170
19 56,127
1,460
230
782,859
21,630
French,.
100
439,202
19,902
8
7,623
406
108
446,825
20,308
Italian
25
121,482
2,101
2
6,388
147
27
127,870
2,248
Japanese,
683
2,126,163
56,924
62
129,312
2,567
745
2,255,475
59,491
Norwegian,
75
108,544
3,904
33
44,080
1,451
108
152,624
5,355
Portuguese,
55
16,110
1,472
5
8,903
287
60
25,013
1,759
Russian,
1
241
33
241
33
Panaman,
1
9,953
417
9,953
417
Swedish,
12
46,180
413
12
46,180
413
Siamese,
German,
85
323,821
7,640
5
10,290
281
90
334,111
Spanish,
7,921
8
19,236
812
8
19,236
812
Belgian,
......
1
3,181
39
1
3,181
39
Steamships under 60 tons
trading to Ports outside the Colony,
1,045
32,753 11,415
385 11,061
4,062
1,430 43,814
15,477
TOTAL,... 11,820 18,252,817 573,844
3,450 975,626
52,994
15,270 14,228,443 626,838
Table VII.

Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers, and Cargoes of Junks ENTERED in the Colony of Hong Kong, from Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1926.
CARGO.
BALLAST.
TOTAL.
Vessels.
Crew.
Tons.
Passen-
gers.
Ves-
Cargo, Tons. sels.
Tons. Crew.
Passen-
gers.
Vessels.
Tons. Crew.
Passen-
gers.
Cargo,
Tons.
Canton,.
68
West River,
2,462
15,187 1,317
196,241 37,743 12,707
7,828 324 96,652 6,721
392
111,839 8,038
7,828
Macao,
394
65,008 6,952
East Coast,
2,337
140,308 17,915
98,271
West Coast,
51
4,437
686
63,147 903107,321 14,114 28,177 538 70,111 8,921 286 7,156
1,376 25 1,690
3,365
303,562
51,857 12,707
63,147
932
135,119 15,873
28,177
1,829
217
2,623
147,164 19,744 217
98,271
338
76
6,127 1,024
1,376
Total, 1926,
5,312
421,181 64,613 12,707
198,799 2,076 | 282,930
31,923
217
7,388 704,111 96,536 12,924
189,799
Total, 1925,
6,281
645,219 97,876
68,812
319,090 3,915 | 564,523
66,797
229
10,196 | 1,209,742 164,673 | 169,041 319,090
D
29
Table VIII.
Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers, and Cargoes of Junks CLEARED in the Colony of Hong Kong, for Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1926.
:
Cargo.
Ballast.
Total.
Passen-
Vessels. Tons.
Crew.
gers.
Cargo, Ves- tons, sels.
Tons.
Crew.
Passen-
gers.
Vessels. Tons. Crew.
Passen-
gers.
Cargo,
tous.
*.
30 -
Canton,
363 100.683 7,510
102,502 23 4,807
450
386
105,490 7.960
102,502
West River,
2,338
239,514 38,076
112,749 1.332 75,730 15,895
3,670
315,244 53,971
112,749
Macao,
816 113,024 13,945
73,613 61 8,423
700
877
121,447 14,645
73,613
East Coast,..
West Coast,
59
1,335 33,593 8,935
4.588
27
765
11,878 |1,298 | 102,732
2,391 14
11,778
440
2.633
136,325 20,713
467
11,878
709
135
.73
5,297
900
2,391
Total 1926.
4,911
491,402 69,231
27
303,1332,728 |192,401 |:28,958
440
7,639
683,803 98,189
467
303,133
Total 1925,
́8,529 | 1,056,713 |144,723 4,723
94,226
824,956 2,222 | 185,334 24,454
98
10,751
1,242,047 | 169,177
94,324
824,956.
1
FOREIGN Trade.
D 31
Table IX.
Summary of Arrivals and Departures of all Vessels.
1925.
1926.
No. OF VESSELS.
TONS.
CREW.
No. of VESSELS.
TONS.
CREW.
British Ships entered with Cargo
4,229
7,395,032
333,156
Do.
do. in Ballast,
167
256,385
12,276
3,736 80
7,087,842
314,778
231,740
9,001
Total,
4,396
7,651,417
345,432
3,816
7,319,582
323,779
British Ships cleared with Cargo,
3,414
7,290,512
356,719
3,694
7,011,969
317,429
Do.
do. in Ballast,
164
380,006
11,035
167
399,295
11,480
• M
Total,
3,578
7,670,518
367,754
8,861
7,411,264
328,909
Foreign Ships entered with Cargo,
3,068
6,690,100
225,163
2,232
5,858,462
181,658
Do.
do. in Ballast,
397
417,169
16,878
126
216,990
6,706
Total.
3,465
7,107.269
242,041
2,358
6,075,452
188,364
Foreign Ships cleared with Cargo,
2,477
6,228, 196
191,187
2,170
5,716,693
175.769
Do.
do. in Ballast,
456
666,717
19,352
170
372,869
8,494
Total,
2,933
6,895,213
210,539
2,340
6,089,562
184,263
do.
Steamships under 60 tons entered with Cargo,...
Do.
1,339
37,667
14,419
524
18,146
6,126
do.
in Ballast,
1,356
45,207
16,142
875
25,370
9,078
Total,
2,695
82,874
30,561
1,399
43,516
15,199
do.
Steamships under 60 tons cleared with Cargo,
Do.
2,282
69,840
25,574
1,045
32,753
11,415
do.
in Ballast,
409
12,783
4,914
385
i1,061
4,062
Total,
2,691
82,623
30,488
1,430
·
43,814
15,477
Junks entered with Cargo, Do. do. in Ballast,
6,281
645,219
97,876
5,312
421,181
64,613
3,915
564,523
66,797
2,076
282,930
31,923
Total,
10,196
1,209,724
164,673
7,388
704,111
96.536
Junks cleared with Cargo,
8,529 1,056,713
144,723
4,911
491,402
69,231
Do. do. in Ballast,
2,222
185,334
24,454
2,728
192,401
28,958
Total,
10,751 1,242,047
169,177
7,639
683,803
98,189
Total of all Vessels entered,
20.752 16,051,302
782,707
14,961
14,142,661
623,878
Total of all Vessels entered, (in Baliast)
19,953
15,890,401
777,958
1:5,270
14,228,443
626,838
'Total of all Vessels entered and cleared, in
Foreign Trade,
40,705
31,941,703
1,560,665
30,231
28,371,104
1,250,716
LOCAL TRADE.
Total Junks entered,
Do.
cleared,
5,327
262,051
59,555
6,859
323,352
73,118
5,700
283,881
62,272
7,065
415,148
74,671
Total Local Trade entered and cleared,
11,027
525,932
121,827
13,924
738,500
147,789
Total Foreign Trade entered and cleared, Total Local Trade entered and cleared,
Grand Total,
40,705 11,027
51,732
31,941,703 545,932
32,487,635
1,560,665 30,231 121,827 13,924
1,682,492
28,371,104 738,500
44,155 29,109,604
1,250,716
147,789
1,398,505
PLACES.
Table X.
Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Entered in the Colony of Hong Kong during the year 1926.
TOWING.
NOT TOWING.
essels.
Tonnage.
Crew.
Passengers.
Tons.
Cargo,
Vessels.
Within the Waters of the Colony, 1925,
202,745 | 3,893,191 | 2,019,612 |
Do.,
1926,
137,411 | 2,679,527|1,342,172|
Outside the Waters of the Colony :--.
Canton,
West River,
Macao,
.....
East Coast,
Other places,
Total,.
15
189
159
57 1,341
731
138 4,226 1,443
60 2,469
618
252 9,921 3,175
524 18,146 6,126
::
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:.
:
Tonnage.
Crew.
Passengers.
Cargo,
Tons.
Vessels.
110,179 | 4,157,748 | 1,375,064 | 8,387,468 |
112,501 | 4,295,545 | 1,722,468 | 6,278,615|
19
525
71
136 4,484 1,468
107 2,873 1,078
:
:
:..
Tonnage.
TOTAL.
Crew.
Passengers.
Cargo,
Tons.
6,518 312,924 8,050,939 | 3,394,676 | 8,387,468 13,385 249,912 | 6,075,072 | 3,064,640 | 6,278,615
34
714
230
195
193 5,825 2,199 5,8252,199
245
7,099 | 2,521
:.
:
::.
F:
6,518
13,385
:
195
290 8,871 2,979
370 350 11,540 3,597
323 8,617 3,477
53
572
875 25,370 9,073
370
577 18,538 6,652 53 572
531,137 1,399 43,516 15,199
|13,516 | 15,1
53 1,137
D. 32. -
Table XI.
Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Cleared in the Colony of Hong Kong during the year 1926.
:
D 33
PLACES.
TOWING.
NOT TOWING.
TOTAL.
Vessels.
Ton-
nage.
Crew.
Bunker Vessels. Coal.
Ton-
nage.
gers. Tons. Coal.
Crew. Passen- Cargo, Bunker Vessels. Ton-
Crew.
nage.
Passen- Cargo, Bunker gers. Tons. Coal.
Do.,
Within the Waters of the Colony 1925, 1926,
202,753 3,888,384 2,018,311 137,273 2,675,788 1,841,145
33,687 110,351 4,162,5551,376,365 8,477,207 4,980 23,896 112,639 4,299,284 1,723,495 6,388,913 10,074
30,044
25,278
312,924 | 8,050,939 | 3,394,676 8,477,207 249,912 6,975,072 | 3,064,640 6,338,913
4,980
10,074
63,731
49,174
Outside the Waters of the Colony
Canton,
West River,
Macao,
East Coast,
Other places,
Total,
16 249 182
195 5,612 2,128 1,193
211 6,062 2,169 1,090 248 8,016 2,503 1,332 375 12,814 4,433| 1,318 1,045 32,753 11,415 4,958
25
21 303 130
190
37
552 312
215
:
46 1,469
512
6 1,883 94
| 241 7,081 2,640
6
1,883 1,287
53 1,398
96| 3,152 | 1,035
169 4,739 1,857
528
1
19
261
264 7,460 2,697
436
379
344 11,168 3,538
:
6
283
753
544 17,553 6,290
1 19 1,351
436 1,711
6 283 2,071
385 11,061 4,062
13 2,621 1,677 1,430 43,814 (15,477
13 2,621 6,635
Table XII.
Number of Boat Licences, Permits, etc., issued and Fees collected during the year 1926.
(Under Table UT, Section 40, of Ordinance No. 10 of 1899.)
DESCRIPTION.
Licence Books,
Boat Repainting, .25
""
Special Permits, .25
Passenger Boat, Classes A & B,
Lighter, Cargo and Water Boats,
Other Boats,
Fish Drying Hulks,
Duplicate Licence,
..
LICENCE.
LICENCE DUPLICATE BOAT RE- SPECIAL Books. LICENCE.
FEES.
PAINTING
PERMITS.
...
2,743
2,053
12,658
73
3,302
:
:
:
:
...
:
:
:
:.
:
...
11

:.
3,913
+
7:
:
:
ΤΟΥΑΙ,
17,529
3,302
11
3,913
2,335
:
3,329.00
978.25
583.75
14,402.50
53,434.85
D
34
41,931.50
634.25
11.00
2,335 $115,305.10
-Ď 35-
Table XIII.
Comparative Statement of Revenue collected in the Harbour Department during the years 1925 and 1926.
Sub-head of Revenue.
Amount
Amount
1925.
1926.
C.
.C.
1. Light Dues, Ordinance 10 of 1899,
""
127,113.64 110,543.80
Special Assessment, Ord. 10 of 1899, 138,330.30 127,655,26
2. Licences, Internal Revenue not otherwise
specified :-
Boat Licences, Ordinance 10 of 1899, Chinese, Passenger Ship Licences, Or-
dinance 1 of 1889,
Fines, Forfeitures,
Fishing Stake and Station Licences,
Ordinance 10 of 1899,.
119,152.75; 115,405.85
1,665.00 1.875.00
6,555.12
5,487.10
348.46
310.00
39.10
38.30
Fishing Stake and Station Licences, do.,
from the New Territories,
952.50
1,141.00
Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899,
41,868.25
41,935,25
Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899,
from the New Territories,
9,589.75
10,167.50
140.00
150.00
12,193,45
10,258.70
Pilots Licences, Ordinance 3 of 1904, Steam-launch Licences, &c., Ordinance
10 of 1899,
3. Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes, and Reimbursements- in-Aid :-
Court Fees, Ordinance 3 of 1873,.... Engagement and Discharge of Seamen,
Ordinance 10 of 1899,
Engagement of Masters and Engineers of Steam-launches, Ord. 10 of 1899, Examination of Masters, &c., Ordinance
10.10
38,458.40
34,625,00
466.50
345.50
10 of 1899,
4,502.50
2,825.00
Fees for use of Government Buoys,
Ordinance 10 of 1899,.....
90,806.00
72,730.19
Gunpowder Storage, Ord. 10 of 1899, Medical Examination of Emigrants, Ord.
1 of 1889,...
Official Signatures, Ordinance 1 of 1889, Printed Forms, Sale of, Ord. 1 of 1889,... Registry Fees (Merchant Shipping Act),
Ordinance 10 of 1899,.... Steam-launches, Surveyor's Certificates,
Ordinance 10 of 1899,......
Survey of Steamships, Ordinance 10 of
1899..
Sunday Cargo Working Permits, Ord.
1 of 1891,
4. Miscellaneous Receipts
Sale of condemned stores,
9,855.60
6,702.01
195,973.50 *143,957.30
5,980.00 519.00
4,904.00
683.50
6,679.13
1,634.00
10,910.00 10,945,00
:
35,056.50 35,600.00
119,500.00
80,275.00
1,337.00
560.00
Other Miscellaneous Receipts,
Interest,
4.20 112.08
124.13
Total,.............$878,118.83 820,888.39
* † See next page.
Revenue collected by.
Harbour Department,...... $143,957.30
Office of Secretary for
Chinese Affairs,
12,945.00
D-36
* Statement of Emigration Fees, 1926 :—
Expenditure incurred by.
$ 13,300.00 (Estimated.)
3,418.00
Stamp Office, on account
of Bill of Health, ......
9,342.00
Medical Department,......
47,041.90
$166,244.30
$ 63,759,90
Net Revenue....
$102,484.40
Revenue collected by.
↑ Statement of Emigration Fees, 1925 :-
Expenditure incurred bu.
Harbour Department,......
95,973.50
Office of Secretary for
Chinese Affairs,
9,530.00
$
3,618.00
Stamp Office, on account
of Bill of Health,
11,706.00
Medical Departinent,..........
f...
$117,209.50
25,562.39
$ 29,180.39
Net Revenue.............$ 88,029.1.1
JA
=

Table XIV.
Summary of Chinese Emigrants from Hong Kong to Ports other than in China, during the year 1926.
BRITISH SHIPS.
FOREIGN SHIPS.
GRAND TOTAL.
Adults.
PORTS.
Children.
Adults.
Children.
Adults.
Children.
Total.
Total.
Total.
M.
F
M. F.
M.
F.
M.
1.
M..
F.
M.
F.
D-37-
Australia,.................
1,837
2
16
:
Africa,
156
32
40
1
1,855 72
229 230 142
73 1.909
3
16
1,928
78
23
473 386
174
118
24
702
British N. Borneo,
2,787
670 242
108 3.807
:
2,787
670
242
108
3,807
Canada,
7,163
8
49
7.221 480
ነር
489 7,643
12
64
7,710
Calcutta,
977
110
37
25 1,149
977 110
37
25
1,149
Delagoa Bay,
Dutch Indies,
::
22
32
22
9
32
16,437 1,849
1,060
290|19,636 |16,437|1.840| 1,069
290
19,636
Fiji,
99
4
N
105
-99
+
2
105
Honolulu,
:
:..
4,549
204
76
59 4,888 4,549
204
76
59
4,868
Mexico,
...
120
$
132
120
4
8
132
Mauritius,
367
$5
57
10
519
367
85
57
10
519
New Caledonia (Noumea),
6
.6
6
New Guinea (Raboul),
68
1
'70
68
70
Nauru Island,
208
208
61
61
269
269
Ocean Island,
51
51
130
130
181
181
Panama (Balboa),
482
10
19
512 482
10
19
512
South America,
Samoa Island,
Sumatra (Belawan Deli), Straits Settlements,...
"Tahiti,
United States of America,
284 133
85
567 284 133
$5
65
567
180
180
180
180
...
725
82
38
71
3
1
36
:.
21 83,098 19,586 | 9,493 | 3,102|116,279 31,945 751 21
361 9,953
866| 4.739 417
162
91
5,769 | 3,327
18 2
229 204
5.409 5,464 499 200
96542.006 115,013 25,355 12,820 | 4,067|157,285 39 · 951 16 38(10,424 9,989 229 204
112
6.275
114
38 10 460
Total 1926,
Total 1925.........................
97,829 20,583|| 9,976 3,268 131,656 69,528 8,775 | 5.036| 1,532|84,871 167,357 29,358 15,012] 4,800|216,527 |63,552|12,921 | 6,887 | 2,226 85,586|44,996|5,432 3,268 1,252 54,948
108,548 18,353 |10,155| 3,478|140,534
|97,829 |20,583 | 9,976 3,268 131,636 |69,528 | 8,775 | 5,036| 1,532 | 84,781
Excess of Passengers by British Ships,.
|28,301 (11,808 | 4,940|1,736| 46,785
Total Passengers by British Ships, Total Passengers by Foreign Ships,
Table XV.
Statement of Average Number of Emigrants from Hong Kong to Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1890 to 1925 inclusive.
1890.
1895.
1900.
1905.
1910.
66,706
60,360 66,961 73,105 88,452
1915.
109,110
1920.
84,602
1925.
129,004
Table XVI.
Number of Male and Female Emigrants from Hong Kong to Ports other than in China, for Ten Years, from 1917 to 1926 inclusive.
D) 38.
Whither bound.
1917.
1918. 1919. 1920. 1921. 1922.
1923. 1924.
1925.
1926.
Straits Settlements, Males, Straits Settlements, Females,
Total,
*****
53,250 5,914 7,424 30,330 10,042 2,105 4,214 13,605 63,292 .8,019 11,638 43,935
67,032 39,616 $2,011 58,051 20,292 10,740 13,573 17,631 87,324 50,356 €5,584 75,682
78,505 | 127,863
19,047 29,422
97,552157.285
Other Ports, Males,
Other Ports, Females,
31,078
1,928
34,096 46,044 59,128 1,715 2,287 2,195
64,293 44,109 4,394 | · 3,928
48,773 49,427 5,867 4.750
40,198 54,500 2,784 4,736
Total,
33,006
35,811
Grand Total,
96,298 43.830
48.331 61,323 68,687
59,969 |105,258 156,011
48,037 54.640 54,177 42.982 59,242
98,393 120,224 | 129,859 | 140,534 |236,527
Table XVII.
Summary of Chinese Emigrants Returned to Hong Kong from Ports other than in China, during the year 1926.
BRITISH SHIPS.
FOREIGN SHIPS.
GRAND TOTAL.
Adults
Children.
Adults.
Children.
Adults.
Children.
PORTS.
Total.
Total.
Total.
M.
F.
M. P.
M.
F.
M. Z/.
M.
F.
M. F.
D. 39
Australia,
1,716
84
95
...
50
1,945
202
19
18
Africa,
109
15
...
26
11
161
Bangkok,
24
10
8
10
52
236
92
62
British N. Borneo,
856
149
112
57
1.174
41
6
Canada,
3,446
90
72
50
3,658
585
25
11
Continent of Europe,
23
7
35
54.
13
15
Dutch Indies,
110
16
26
163
10.566*
1,171 | 1,164
474
2:ཨསསྐྱུ
B
252
1,918
103
109.
ไว้
17
407
260
102
54
897
155
629
4.031
115
84
77
17
13,375
10,676
1,187 | 1,190
Honolulu,
900
86
43
32
1,061
900
86
ཀྐཾནྟེཊྛཱིཀྐཧྨདྷཱཀྑཱུ
63
2,197
11
161
27
459
59
1.228
58
4,287
22
119
485
13,538
32
1,061
Samoa Island.
406
406
406
406
Ocean Island
401
401
401
401
South America,
61
B
15
61
7
3
75
Straits Settlements,
50,529
9,2234,465 2,461
66,683
15,879
2,308 | 1,321
764
20,272
66,408
11,5365,786 3,225
$6.955
Sumatra (Belawan Deli),
340
14
51
7
412
10,467
1,838
933
554
13.292 10,807
1,352 984
561
13,704
United States of America,
985
40 21
11
1,057
2.546
234 140
93
Total 1926,
58,945
9,650 4,883|2,669
76,147 41,537
5,299 3.715|1,963
3,013 3,531
52,514 ||100,482
274 161 104
4,070
14,949 | 8,598 |4,532 ||128,661
Total 1925,
41,753
5,593 2,884 |1,530
51,760
33,551
3,172 |1,920 |1,219
39,862
75,304
8,7654,804 | 2,749
91,622
Total Passengers by British Ships,
58,945
9,650 |4,883 | 2,669
76,147
""
}}
Foreign
Excess of
British
}}
41,537
5,299 | 3,715 | 1,963
52,514
17,408
· 4,351 | 1,169
706 23,638
}
:
Table XVIII.
Statement of Average Number of Emigrants Returned to Hong Kong from Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1890 to 1925 inclusive.
1890. 1895. 1900. 1905. 1910. 1915. 96,068 104,118 109,534 137,814 146,585 151,728
1920.
100,641
1925.
129,106,
&
Table XIX.
Number of Male and Female Emigrants Returned to Hong Kong from Ports other than in China, for Ten Years, from 1917 to 1926 inclusive.
}
"
D40
Where from.
1917.
1918. 1919, 1920. 1921. 1922. 1923. 1924. 1926.
1926.
Straits Settlements, Males, Straits Settlements, Females,
Total,..
Other Ports, Males,..
Other Ports, Females,
65,539 36,662 60,812 6,896 2,534 2,871 72,435 39,196 63,683 23,827 32,014 70,070 1,970 2,899 2,267
Total,
25,797
34,913 | 72,337
68,316 91,203 74,694 4,610 9,490 10,950 72,926 |100,693 85,644 46,776 52,429 52,596 2,736 5,942 ,307 49,512 58,371 57,903 55,116 55,931
58.800 65,047 52.220 7.186 9,216
72.194
8,671
14,761
65,986 | 74,263 | '60,891
86,955
50,374 51,031 27,888 4.742 4.900 2,843 4,820
36.886
30,731
41,706
Grand Total..
98,232
,74,109 | 136,020,|:122,488 |159,064 | 143,547 121,102 |130,194
91,622 | 128,661
Table XX.
Return of Vessels Registered at the Port of Hong Kong during the year 1926.
Name of Vessel.
Official
Number,
Registered
Tonnage
Horse
Power.
Rig.
Build.
Where and when built.
Remarks.
1. Taiping
153,599
2,582 420 N.H.P.. Schooner.
Clinker. Hong Kong
..1926 First Registry (New Vessel).
2. Tainiei
3. Siangwo
4. Taikoo Yung
5. Kintang ......
153,600 15 16:6
153,996 1,515 150
153.997 11 11:8
153,998' 2212.
Nil.
"
""
.1926
17
(
).
11
>>
1926
K
"J
).
1,700 S.H.P.
Carvel.
Clinker.
1926
::
(
وو
).
31
1926
(
).
6. Solar Star
153,999
51
64 N.H.P.
Not
"}
"}
.1926
).
7. Night Star
154,000
51
64
27
"}
"9
"
.....1926
C
).
1
8. Raub
154,001')
573 83.0
Schooner.
"2
.1926
"
(
"
).
9. Lama
121,210
1,317
153.6
Dumbarton
10. Mo Yee Shaan'
154,002
11. Antung
154,003
2,107
23-24 B.H.P.
533 N.H.P.
None.
Schooner.
Carvel.
Clinker.
.1905 Converted to motor ship and registered anew on 8th September, 1926.
Hong Kong ..1926 | First Registry (New Vessel).
>>
12. Kangting.
154,004
221
1,700 S.H.F.
...1926
71
""
...1926
(
"
).
).
13. San Ning
139,563
582'
30 N.H.P.
13
1916 Purchased from foreigners (Chinese Subjects)..
D 41
Table XXI.
Return of Registers of Vessels Cancelled at the Port of Hong Kong during the year 1926.
Name of Vessel.
Official
Number.
Registered
Tounage.
Date of
Registry.
Rig.
Build.
Where and when built.
Reason of Cancellation.
1. Wo Sang..
98,986
1,127
13.
11. 1924.
Schooner, Clinker.
Govan
2. Changsha
91,952
1,463
21. 8. 1920.
"
3. King Sing
105,771
1,223
13. 11. 1924.
Greenock
Aberdeen
19
"}
4. Hoi Foong
152,088
1,146
16. §. 1922.
Sunderland
"
לי
..1891 | Sold to foreigners (Chinese). .1886 ( 1895 Transferred to Singapore. ..1903 | Sold to foreigners (Chinese).
).
5. Devawongse
95,032
1,047
1. 2. 1913.
Glasgow
1888
6. Ram City
153,538
59
29.
3: 1924.
None.
Carvel.
Canton
,1922
(German).
(Chinese)
7. Haitan..
88,844
1,183
16.
7. 1887.
Middlesbrough...1887
"
8. Taikoo Yung
120,975
9
19. 7. 1905.
pennan
Carvel,
Hong Kong
..1905
"
9. Batareia
153,583
334
17. 3. 1925.
10. Africus
127,010
32
28, 12. 1909.
Schooner.
Nil.
Clinker.
Russia
1909
3:
Carvel.
Hong Kong
1909
;}
(Japanese).
11. Arctos...
127,011
32
28. 12. 1909,
1909
"
"
;}
12. San Ning
139,563
582
17. 1. 1917.
Clinker.
.1916
*
(Chinese).
).
13. Lee Hung
153,564
22
20. 9. 1924.
· None.
Carvel.
..1913
"1
14. Shing On........
152,423
293
31.
7. 1923.
Canton
1919
将军
15. Kintang
153,998 221
11.
5. 1926.
Clinker.
Hong Kong
16. Tung Shing..
118,623 1,173
13.
1. 1924.
17. Canton River.
102,002 408
5.
1. 1904.
Schooner.
None.
""
Newcastle-on-
Tyne..
Praisley
18. William Swallow
128,701
7
31.
3. 1911.
19. Kajang
139,556
1,284
20.
6, 1916.
Nil.
Schooner.
Carvel.
Clinker.
Hong Kong.
.1916
??
"
1926 Transferred to London.
1903 Ship totally lost on 11th January, 1926. .1897 | Sold to Sydney Harbour Trust Commissioner Circular Quay. Hong Kong Registry not required.
.1911 Vessel missing.
Transferred to Singapore.
י
20. Kamuning
139.557 1,275
17. 8, 1916.
.1916
"1
13
"
21. Kepong
22. Lama
139,562 1,322 121,210. 957
7.
30 12, 1916.
6. 1924.
· 19
Fore & Aft.
Schooner.
"!
23. Lama
24. Sai Ah
25. Antung
26. Kangting
121,210 1,317 152,439 62 154,003 2,107
154,004 221
8. 9. 1926. 23. 10, 1923. 8. 10. 1926. 26. 10. 1926,
Schooner.
None.
Schooner,
"
"}
Carvel.
Clinker.
Canton
Dumbarton
Hong Kong
.1916
....1905 Vessel converted to motor ship and Registered
anew.
.1905 Sold to foreigner (Norwegian). .1922
..............1926 | Transferred to London.
>>
"}
(Chinese).
1926
""
+
D 42
D 43
Table XXII.
Number and Tonnage of Vessels in Foreign Trade Entered and
YEAR.
Cleared since 1916.
NO. OF
VESSELS.
TONNAGE.
1916
48,350
22,308,311
1917
48,026
20,547,119
1918
43,436
16,955,332
1919
41,985
21,072,129
1920
43,364
24,194,322
1921
52,222
27,852,616
1922
50,427
29,543,564
1923
49,900
35,947,534
1924
57,765
38,770,499
1925
41,336
32,179,053
1926
30,231
28,371,104
Table XXIII.
Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department.
Year.
Total Revenue of Department.
Total Expenditure of Department Excluding Special Expenditure.
Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.
C.
C.
%
1916,
649,732.24
165,295.31
25.14
1917,
666,102.79
198,015.49
29.73
1918,
594,278.91
173,527.64
29-20
1919,
633,794 25
192,026.19
30.29
1920,
701,493.26
230,033.12
32.79
1921,
800,798.13
246,295.53
30.76
1922,
857,576.04
280,625.57
32.72
1923,
925,643.02
300,484.95
32.46.
1924,
997,530.74
318,412.04
31.92
1925,
878,118.83
452,106.42
51-48
1926,
820,888.39
534,675.91
65.13
D 44
Table XXIV.
Table showing total Shipping at the Port of Hong Kong during the years 1906 to 1926.
TOTAL TONNAGE
TOTAL TONNAGE | TOTAL TONNAGE
YEAR.
ALL CLASSES.
OCEAN GOING.
OCEAN GOING BRITISH.
1906
32,747,268
14,282.966
7,189,471
1907
36,028,310
14,937,044
7,216,169
1908
34,615,241
14,903,706
7,505,970
1909
34,830,845
15,593,835
7,735,927
1910
36,534,361
16,215,915
8,111,946
1911
36,179,152
15,307,635
7,589,995
1912
36,735,149
16,372,290
7,779,970
1913
37,742,982
17,722,168
8,449,533
1914
36,756,951
16,913,914
8,321,692
1915
33,884,919
14,381,808
7,358,586
1916
36,381,457
13,728,092
6,868,743
1917
33,827,325
12,289,548
5,168,058
1918
29,518,189
9,745,469
3,627,576
1919
35,615,169
14,467,847
6,842,024
1920
40,122,527
17,574,636
8,351,084
1921
43,420,970
20,061,611
9,247,198
1922
46,566,764
21,971,162
9,688,891
1923
53,402,239
25,894,058
11,222,141
1924
56,731,077
27,874,830
11,844,752
1925
41,469,584
23,653,774
9,866,820
1926
36,821,364
21,314,696
9,257,417
TONS.
57,000,000
56,000,000
55,000,000
54,000,000
53,000,000
52,000,000
51,000,000
50,000,000
+9,000,000
+8,000,000
$7,000,000
$6,000,000.
45,000,000
44,000,000
+3,000,000
$2,000,000
$1,000,000
40,000,000
1906.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
D. 45
Table XI
DIAGRAM SHEWING TOTAL S
1906-15
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1914.
D. 45
Table XXV.
VING TOTAL SHIPPING ALL CLASSES
1906-1926.
1915.
1916.
1917.
1918.
*
-
1919.
1920.
1921.
1922.
1923.
1924.
1925.
1926.
TONS.
57,000,000
56,000,000
55,000,000
54,000,000
53,000,000
52,000,000
51,000,000
50,000,000
49,000,000
48,000,000
+7,000,000
46,000,000
45,000,000
44,000,000
43,000,000
$2,000,000
41,000,000
40,000,000
50,000,000
+9,000,000
+8,000,000
47,000,000
$6,000,000.
45,000,000
44,000,000
43,000,000
42,000,000
$1,000,000
40,000,000
39,000,000
38,000,000
37,000,000
36,000,000
35,000,000
34,000,000
33,000,000
32,000,000
31,000,000
30,000,000
29,000,000
1906.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.
Appendix E.
REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1926.
I. LIQUOR.
The net revenue collected was $1,186,312.55 as compared with $1,140,925.07 in 1925.
Compared with normal years the collection must be con- sidered a great improvement, considering the general business stagnation and great decrease of population since 1925. While every other source of revenue has shown a marked decrease, the amount collected in liquor duties shows a reduction of $43,000 only as compared with 1924 the last normal year. The increase of the rate of duty on Chinese liquor as recorded elsewhere. made little difference to the amount collected under this head.
Collection from local distilleries were not very satisfactory, several were detected defrauding the revenue, including one large distillery on the island of Hong Kong and several small ones in various parts of the New Territory.
Extensive fraud on the Revenue.
4
In May it was discovered that a large distillery had been defrauding the revenue to the extent of $30,000 per annum. The method adopted was to record about half the amount pro- duced, and to account for all spirit distilled as being much weaker than it really was. The illegitimate profits so made appear to have gone wholly to the managing partner, who had been robbing the firm extensively, and producing a balance sheet showing a large loss. To dispose of the spirit embezzled from the Distillery, on, which no duty was paid, the manager had opened a Chinese wine and spirit shop nearby, jars of spirit which had been inspected by the Revenue Officer and duly labelled, were removed in the usual course with a pass in due order to this shop, as soon as the jars reached the premises the labels were removed and sent back to the distillery, where they were re-used on jars of spirit which had not paid any duty, and not been passed by the Revenue Officer. On proceed- ings being taken the manager absconded, and has not since been seen. Civil proceedings were taken and a considerable sum was recovered from the firm. Nemesis, however, soon afterwards overtook this distillery, it being overwhelmed by a severe flood in July and the premises swept bare of everything. This disas- ter compelled the firm to dispose of the ruins of the premises.
2
E 2
Normal strength of Spirit distilled from Molasses, using a Chinese Still.
As the result of my discoveries in the above case, a series. of experiments were carried out in several distilleries, to ascer- tain the time taken to produce one jar of spirit from the usual quantity of fermented molasses and the alcoholic strength of the product, using the type of Chinese still in common use. It was found that once the furnace had been heated up, one jar could be distilled off in 35 minutes, and that the strength was 30 to 33 per cent of alcohol by weight. This result was com- pletely at variance with the previously accepted theories which had been based on the statements of the distillers themselves, and shows the danger of relying on statements made by the trade without thoroughly testing them out. Revenue Officers in charge of distilleries had been warned of my suspicions, but they had been unable to prove anything until this concrete case was put before them. It should be possible for the inspecting Revenue Officer to make a fairly accurate guess of the amount of spirit which should be accounted for by checking the amount of mash used, the number of stills in use, and the length of time per day they are in use. The trade would have had us believe that normally from the same amount of fermented materials 50/60 minutes or more were normally required to produce a jar of spirit, and that the strength of the spirit so produced was only about 25 per cent of alcohol by weight. It was thus proved that the Chinese type of still could produce during the working day 40 per cent more spirit and of a strength higher by 5 to 7 per cent than it had been the custom to claim. These figures give some idea of the amount of spirit, which some distilleries thought fit to conceal, and dispose of without paying duty.
RICE SPIRIT.
Normal strength of Spirit produced from Rice, using a Chinese Still.
In the case of spirit produced from fermented rice, experi- ment showed that it was possible to produce a jar of spirit con- taining 27 to 28 per cent of alcohol by weight in 35 to 40 minutes. In this case the figure quoted by the trade was found to be considerably in their favour. In the New Territory, how- ever, it was found that the amount of fermented material used to produce a jar of spirit was in the case of the small one-stijl distilleries about a third less as a rule, and that thus the spirit produced was considerably weaker about 20/24 per cent of alcohol, being at times not much stronger than the spirit known as "Liu Pun" to Chinese. It was, however, found that in the case of rice, the time required for complete fermentation had been considerably exaggerated. In warm weather 18 to 21 days is sufficient, in very cold weather up to 30 days may occasionally be required. But the fact must be emphasized that distillation before fermentation is absolutely complete is not uncommon, and does not involve any great sacrifice of spirit, reaction during the last 3 or 4 days of fermentation being very slow.
i
E 3
Estimation of Production.
It has in the past been found difficult for the inspecting officer to form an approximate estimate of the amount of spirit produced from fermented rice in any distillery, by calculating the amount which should be produced in a given time from a given number of jars of fermented material, but in the future as the result of experience gained during the last three years it should be possible to form a closer estimate of the proper pro- duction of any distillery if a close check is kept of the amount of fermentable material set on from time to time. For instance, if a distillery has 100 jars of rice fermenting on the average during the month, and if the distillery is using four jars of fermented material for each charge of the still, in the warm weather, April. to October, the production should be about 45 jars (30 catty size) of 27 or 28 per cent spirit.
Breaking down Spirit.
During the year steps were taken to prevent distilleries breaking down their spirit without a Revenue Officer being pre- sent. The amount of water added for the purpose of breaking down spirit over 25 per cent strength was rarely recorded in full by the distilleries, at one time no record was made at all, till their attention was directed to the point. Thus in the case of spirit made from molasses 5 to 8 per cent of alcohol never paid duty at all, in the returns sent in all spirit produced from molas- ses was always shown under the heading of 25 per cent spirit instead of the next highest category. In Chinese phraseology the spirit instead of being recorded as “Sam Ching" was return- ed as "Sheung Ching.
"
Small Distilleries.
The small distilleries in the New Territory North still con- ducted their business in a very unsatisfactory way, and several convictions were obtained, and several were cautioned, where there was no doubt that they were defrauding the revenue. Evidence collected in many instances went to prove that these places had been paying duty on only about one-third of their actual production.
Increase of duty on Chinese type Spirit.
In October the rate of duty on spirit of Chinese type was raised to $1.20 per gallon, a rebate of ten cents per gallon being allowed local distilleries to compensate them for the extra ex- pense caused by the regulations necessary for the protection of the revenue. The preferential rate of duty on all spirit produced in the New Territory for consumption there was abolished. Spirit consumed in the New Territory now pays the same rates as in the rest of the Colony..
E 4
The result of the increase of the duty has hitherto been rather disappointing. The bulk of imported spirit, especially that from Macau, is of very inferior quality, being at best a blend of commercial alcohol with genuine spirit, this is retailed at a very cheap rate, and the present rate of duty is about twice the original cost of such spirit. In this case increase of duty is more acutely felt, owing to the Custom of the trade here in col- lecting in cash from the retailer the amount of duty payable at once on delivery, while giving credit for the actual cost price of the spirit, generally for three weeks or a month. The shops handling this class of spirit have little capital, and hence having to advance twice as much for duty before they sold the goods was a very serious thing for them until they could have had time to make arrangements to increase the small capital at their disposal.
Spirit imported from North China has been reduced in strength in many cases, cases have been noticed where the re- duction has been as much as ten per cent. The idea being that it would be possible to maintain the price more or less at the old level by selling a much weaker product, it remains to be seen whether the públic taste will tolerate this reduction in quality.
Collection of duty on the basis of Strength.
The collection of duty on all. Chinese type spirit has been placed on a percentage basis. Spirit of 25 per cent alcoholic strength pays $1.20 per gallon, and an additional five cents per gallon is levied for each additional one per cent of alcoholic strength. This change has proved popular with the trade, as formerly spirit found just over the limit for one class had to pay the higher rate of duty in the next class. In many cases the difference in strength was due to a mistake in measuring on the part of the exporter in China, in other cases spirit of a strengt which was about the maximum allowable for a certain class would be ordered, but that sent would be two or three per cent weaker, and yet have to pay the same duty.
Distillery regulations.
At the end of the year a new set of regulations for the better control of distilleries was approved, to be brought into force on April 18th, the date on which the Distillery Licences ì:i the New Territory are due for renewal. They are based on those in force in England and Bengal and the existing sét: No very radical changes have been introduced, and many of the new rules only confirm the departmental practice which has been adopted for some-while in the case of the larger premises. The rules are simple and no properly conducted business should have any difficulty in conforming, provided ample time is given. The new rules are not ideal, and were drawn up with reference to the type of Chinese still in present use; should at any time efficient
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modern stills be introduced in numbers, as has occurred in most other civilised places, then it will be necessary to amend the rules to bring them more into line with modern practice.
Removal of distilleries to New Territory.
During the year another large distillery was compelled by public improvements to remove to the Tsun Wan district where most of the larger distilleries are now situated. There are only six distilleries now left on the Island of Hong Kong, and it is probable that economic causes will compel some of the others to remove across to the mainland very soon, where land is much cheaper and water more abundant.
Denaturing.
The use of pyridine was introduced during the year as th general denaturant. A strict watch was kept over all applica- tions to denature, and any new firm applying was carefully scrutinised and the premises visited, and the nature of the pro- posed use of the denatured spirit carefully ascertained. A list was compiled of approved firms, and no application to denature received from any firm not on the list can be passed without reference to an Executive Officer.
As a result of the stricter methods introduced the amount of spirit drawn for making varnish declined from a figure of 81,410 gallons in 1923 to 2,017 gallons in 1926. There is no doubt that the difference between these two figures was used for conversion into potable liquor by methods similar to those men- tioned in my report for last year.
II. TOBACCO.
The nett revenue collected during the year was $1,835,036.77 as compared with $1,796,858.52 in 1925. This collection must be considered satisfactory, considering the circumstances prevailing in the Colony. The boycott and lack of means of communication considerably reduced the amount of smuggling of high grade cigarettes.
A large amount of attention was devoted to a local cigarette factory. It was discovered that the returns submitted to this office were extremely inaccurate and misleading, and that the methods used by those responsible for collecting the data in the various sub-departments during the course of manufacture ren- dered it quite impossible for the general office to make correct returns. Guesswork, calculation and adjustment in order to make the figtires balance, (in some cases this was not even necessary) had been substituted for strict methods of accounting
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for all material used, based on accurate weighing. A European Revenue Officer and three Chinese assistants have now been stationed permanently at the factory, and a good deal of im- provement has been effected but a careful stocktaking at the end of the year showed that there was still considerable room for improvement. It is understood that the Company have decided on a general reorganisation of the factory, and it is hoped that the introduction of some better system of accounting will in the future obviate any, future difficulties, while at the same time considerably easing the work of proper revenue control. The complete lack of any scientific data collected over a period of years made the investigation extremely difficult.
Scientific control of Manufacture.
The work of controlling the manufacture of tobacco in all its various forms in this Colony is made more difficult by the fact that hitherto it has been impossible to acquire any useful textbook on the subject of the manipulation of tobacco during the course of manufacture. The tobacco industry, large as it is, is one of the few industries which seem to possess no technical literature. There are a large number of points on which an muthoritative textbook would have been of the greatest assist- ance. Prior to 1926 no scientific work had been done here on the subject of tobacco and its manufacture; during the year Dr. Lubatti, Assistant Government Analyst, who was attached to this department during the absence on leave of the Monopoly Analyst, devoted a considerable amount of time to the examina- tion of tobacco of various kinds. Sufficient work has now been done to prove the need of constant scientific examination in order that complete data may be accumulated on various points throughout each year, so that it may be possible to compare the physical state of the numerous kinds of tobacco used here at different periods of each year over a series of years.
Licensed Warehouses.
Steps were taken to eliminate small licenced warehouses for the storage of dutiable tobacco under private control. These were situated inside of and formed an integral part of premises used for the retail sale of tobacco. Revenue locks were for the first time placed on the largest licenced warehouses, and pro- vision was made in the Estimates for 1927 for the purchase of sufficient revenue locks for all the licenced warehouses. The issue of fresh licences for warehouses was severely restricted. There are in fact very few premises in the Colony which are suitable for the warehousing under private control of dutiable goods. The premises suggested are generally the ground floor of some Chinese tenement house, which is quite unsuitable in the majority of cases.
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Importers Licences.
The import of tobacco by unlicenced persons chiefly for transhipment has been regulated, and after full investigation licences were issued to the largest of the importers for tranship- ment. Owing to the boycott imports of Chinese prepared tobocco for shipment to Annam, Siam and the Straits had ceased for over a year, but the business had become very brisk at the end of the year, and many unlicenced persons were attempting to take part. Small commission agents in the Colony are asked by their clients to include small amounts of dutiable tobacco say 3 to 5 cases amongst an order for miscellaneous goods, the tobacco is imported from Macau or the interior of China ready for shipment, the bills of Lading are purchased here, and tran- shipment is made in open lighters, the dutiable goods remaining under the charge of some unknown person in the harbour wait- ing a ship, at times for days. It is highly undesirable that this practice should continue. It is possible to look after large con- signments but when there are several small consignments afloat in open lighters scattered all over the harbour, and mixed up with other miscellaneous cargo, revenue control becomes impos- sible. Arrangements were made with one shipping company on the Saigon run to handle such consignments direct themselves.
III. OPIUM.
The gross revenue collected was $2,900,082 as compared with $3,466,521 in 1925. The decrease must be attributed partly to the effects of general business depression partly to a decrease in population, but mostly to the greatly increased number of persons who took to the purveying of illicit opium in small quantities for want of a more honest way of earning a living. There is no evidence whatever that there has been any decrease in opium smoking in the Colony, if anything the use of opium is more prevalent than it ever was, the majority of the adult Chin- ese who come to the Colony from China are opium smokers, though very few to excess.
Sources of illicit opium.
1. Macau.-The number of seizures of Macau prepared opium was less than in 1925, but the cheapness of Macau opium still proved irresistible to many comparatively well-to-do persons. Smuggling of Macau opium for consumption in the Colony does not seem to be definitely organised, casual visitors to Macau or members of the ships' crew are commissioned to bring back a few taels. Delivery is generally made by employing the street coolies or coolies who work on the wharf, for a small sum to deliver it to its destination, these coolies know exactly the movements of the Revenue Officers both uniform and, plain clothes men, and are very rarely caught, even if they are caught, they are quite content to go to prison for a few months.
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2. Kwong Chow Wan.-The bulk of the prepared opium introduced for consumption here originated. in Kwong Chow Wan, this trade is well organised and there is a considerable capital behind it. The most popular brand, at present is the Double "K" brand, put up by the firm of Kung Kei of Chek Ham' the Chinese town in the French territory. It is brought into the Colony in large consignments, as soon as the ship comes in, which is generally early in the morning, small sampans go off and take delivery of small lots of 500 taels or so, if the sampan is chased the opium is thrown into the water, as the consign- ment is at once split up into several small lots the risk of seizure is not great. A certain amount is dumped overboard outside the harbour limits, attached to floats, and it is impossible patrol the wide extent of water through which the ships may pass, for these small Chinese owned ships on the Kwong Chow Wan run are careful to take various routes on approaching the harbour, after they enter British waters there are many possible courses which they can take. The only way to deal with this traffic would be to compel these ships to take one course only on entering British waters. There is a certain amount of evidence that in certain cases the opium is put off outside British waters under the shelter of high islands in the offing, and once it is safe- ly on board a small junk, it is comparatively safe, and small quantities can be transferred to sampans or motor boats as re- quired. Only retail quantities required for immediate sale are kept ashore, the bulk being kept on sampans which are always on the move, for a few dollars any mistress of a sampan will store opium or arms for a few days.
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The record seizure of the year was made by myself personal- ly on s.s. "Taiszema" soon after her arrival in the Colony from Kwong Chow. Wan. She had been detained by bad weather and so arrived in the afternoon. A hiding place had been constructed by cutting off part of the bunker, removing a plate of the cross bulkhead, and fitting it so that it could be easily removed, but at the same time look as if it was intact, the bolts passing through the angle irons having been cut off leaving dummy heads. The firewood carried in the hold against this bulkhead was specially stowed so as to leave an empty space alongside the bulkhead, in order to give access to the removable plate; entry to this space was obtained by cutting a trap door through the floor of the engine-room store room, which was situated over the space. The opium would have been passed out through this trap-door. The cargo of firewood belonged to the owners of the ship, this ship had been searched several times but the hid- ing place had never been discovered. The opium was packed mostly in mat bags, with rope handles, the bags were of small size so that the opium could be at once distributed into many lots. In certain case the invoices were tucked into the parcels, these showed that the best quality of the prepared opium cost $6 a tael (whether this was French money or Chinese sub-coin was uncertain) the cheaper brands cost about $3 per tael. Amongst this seizure was an unusual amount of Chinese raw opium both the common "Bamboo" cakes, and the kind known
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in the trade as the "Pillow" brand, i.e. in large lumps. It was mostly packed in kerosene tins containing exactly 400 taels net, some was packed in small tins of the size of small biscuit tins. The ship was a very small one, and though it could not definitely be proved who was responsible for having the hiding place con- structed or the cargo specially stowed, there is no doubt that the executive officers, who were all Chinese, must have been cogni- sant of the fact. The chief Engineer and some of the engine- room crew and the Tallymen absented themselves; this is not conclusive however, their absence may have been for the purpose of diverting suspicion from persons higher up. It is believed however that persons connected with the owners received freight on such consignments, as has been proved to be the case in many former cases, the charge made being from 12 to 15 cents per tael. The result of this seizure was at once seen in the sale of Government opium, which suddenly increased 1,000 taels per week in the two weeks immediately following the seizure, sub- sequently falling again as further supplies reach the Colony. In one day the price of lower grade illicit jumped up 50 cents per tael tin.
3. Amoy.-Seizures of Amoy prepared opium were mostly made on ships bound for the South, but evidence was found that Amoy prepared opium is beginning to have a sale here. Amoy semiprepared opium packed in 25 tael packets in grease- proof paper undoubtedly found a fair market here, and several seizures were made from time to time.
4. Kwong Tung frontier.-A considerable amount of Chinese opium, chiefly raw, finds its way into the New Territory, where little Government opium is sold, though I am informed by the District Officer that opium smoking has much increased recently, and that small divans are not uncommon, and are under influen- tial protection in some cases. Women bring raw opium across the border, or land it from sampans along the coast, supplies of raw opium being plentiful and quite cheap just over the frontier, although there is an opium monopoly in force there.
Shanghai and Indian opium.
A seizure was made of the equivalent of three chests cf Benares opium packed in two cases with camphor to suppress the smell of opium. This was shipped as cargo consigned to Shanghai, and was seized just as the ship was ready to leave. Subsequent information received pointed to the fact that this was part of a consignment of 12 chests which had been sold to Shanghai, and had been packed up on some junk in the harbour. The opium was old stock, and probably at least three years old, it was said to have come from Kwong Chow Wan. This was I think undoubtedly the case, as in former years I have had the opportunity of examining a large number of documents dealing with this trade in raw Indian opium imported by the Govern- inent of Kwong Chow Wan. Neither the consignors or consignees
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were ever discovered, it would however be interesting to know what arrangements had been made to pass this cargo through the. Customs in Shanghai, there were only two cases in the consignment, so presumably one would have had to be opened for inspection in the ordinary course, when the opium would have been found at once, as the contents of the cases were balls of opium only wrapped up in oiled paper.
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The Philippines and U. S. A.
As was perhaps to be expected after the discoveries made last year and the use made by the local authorities of the infor- mation gathered here, smuggling to the Philippines was little heard of during the year, and no seizures were made of opium destined for that country. Many indications were found how- ever that the trade to the United States was very active. A good many seizures were made in New York from ships arriving from Hong Kong, this is a new destination, most of the opium smuggled in having hitherto gone via Pacific ports or Mexico. Stringent steps have been taken at the Pacific ports in Canada to prevent opium being introduced, and it has been reported to me that these measures have had a good effect, and that the smugglers now realise that at present any attempts to smuggle into Canada are very risky. In former days a good deal of opium intended for U.S.A. was introduced via Canada. On the Pacific coast the usual method adopted is to dump the opium over- board, sometimes miles out, and recover it afterwards by means of small craft.
An interesting series of documents was found in a search of a house relating to the import of prepared opium into the U.S.A. Accounts were found showing that the firm here purchased chests of Indian opium in Kwong Chow Wan had them boiled down there at an inclusive charge per chest, and sent pre- sumably to Hong Kong, and finally introduced into U.S.A. and sold there, the proceeds being remitted to Hong Kong. During the last six months of 1925 the firm in question had shipped 17,285 taels of prepared opium to-Seattle. The profit made on. each transaction seems in each case dealt with to have been about 13 per cent, probably the capital invested could be turned over about five times in the year. The figures for a typical sale may be of interest, 330 tins each containing, five taels sold for. $11,114.896, the profit made being $1,577.99.
The following is a detailed account of the cost of 2,000,taels ready packed at Kwong Chow Wan, and afterwards sent to Hong Kong en route to U.S.A. about the middle of December,
1925..
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Purchase at Kwong Chow Wan of 2 chests of Indian Opium at $5,550 each chest
$11,100.00
Additional opium (39 taels) to
make up 2,000' taels
218.40
Labour and expenses of boiling at
$250 each chest
500.00
Cost of 2,000 taels ready packed... $11,818.40
Among the papers found in this house were various quota- tions over a period of two months for Indian opium on the market at Kwong Chow Wan. The lowest rate was $5,240 per chest, the highest $6,050, prices which were much lower than those prevailing in former years when quotations of over $8,000 per chest were the rule. It was interesting to note that the market rate hardened as the time came to prepare the orders from U.S.A. for the Chinese New Year, but that as soon as the time became too late to get the opium boiled and packed in · time to catch a ship reaching U.S.A. just before the new year, the market price was depressed.
From documents examined during the year, it appeared that attempts had been made to introduce prepared Amoy opium into U.S.A. without any success, the opium proving unsaleable and having to be returned or sold at a great sacrifice. Chinese there demand prepared opium made from Indian opium mostly, and boiled down to a very thick consistency, commonly known as "Kam Shan" or Californian opium. Formerly this came almost wholly from 'Macau, but the Farmer at Macau recently has had great difficulty in obtaining Indian opium, and what he does buy comes from Kwong Chow Wan. So it is cheaper to buy direct in Kwong Chow Wan and get it boiled and packed there in tins bearing labels which are identical with those formerly used by Macau for prepared opium specially packed for export.
Persian Opium.
Few seizures were made of Persian Opium, raw Persian opium not being in favour here, so much so that it was found useless to place any prepared Persian opium on sale and the sale was therefore discontinued.
One seizure was of some interest. A Greek seaman was arrested, who had bought 7 pounds of Persian rów opium in the Bund in Shanghai for gold $125, the destination of his ship was U.S.A. but it is improbable that he could have sold it there, he had been on the run some time and probably thought he could dispose of it here at a profit. The outside wrapping is of the cakes were stamped with the names of one firm at Tai Chow and another at Shanghai. From the appearance of the usual red
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wrapping paper, the opium was fresh, and could not have been landed very long, as the brightness of the red paper very soon dulls with keeping. It was probably part of that imported into Shanghai by the s.s. "Philadelphia", as mentioned below.
Persian opium for China financed by a Hong Kong firm.
The headquarters from which the Persian opium smuggling ship s.s. "Philadelphia" was managed came to light during the year. The papers found on the premises of a Chinese firm though to some extent fragmentary, threw a good deal of light on the last two trips of this ship from Bushire with opium to the coast of China. This ship originally flew the French flag us the "Cochin-Chine" but was really Chinese owned, she was sold by order of the Court here for debt in September 1925, her new owner at once resold her to a syndicate composed of Chinese merchants, carrying on business in Shanghai, Macau, Kongmoon and here. The ship was at once refitted and was despatched on her way to Bushire for opium in October 1925. The syndicate who owned the ship chartered her out to another syndicate nominally, but really the same with possibly a few other friends added. A separate office was started for the management of the ship, but this was closed down before the investigation took place, and some of the papers removed to the premises of the firm, which was searched, and which managed the purchase and disposal of the opium.
The opium syndicate was composed of several wealthy Chin- ese merchants who resided in the Colony, several who had busi- ness in Macau, where another office was maintained, chiefly it appears to deal with the disposal of the opium, others lived in Canton and the district near Kongmoon, others in Shanghai. The first consignment left Bushire at the end of November 1925, the second at the beginning of August 1926. The cost of these two consignments, over a million dollars, was remitted through a Hong Kong Bank to Bombay to the credit of a well-known Persian merchant of Bushire, who is one of the chief dealers in opium from whom the recent exports to China have been pur- chased.
The
The financial arrangements were rather involved. managing firm in Hong Kong and its branch in Macau took up a certain number of chests in each consignment, and the cost was debited to the firms' account. But each partner was at liberty to take up a certain number on his own account, em- ployees of the firms were also permitted to subscribe for as little as half a chest, female relations of the parties and friends also came into the deal, subscribing for a few chests each. The money was collected just as each found it convenient to pay, in fact in some cases, the balance of the payment was debited against the profits made on sale. As soon as sufficient money had been gathered together, and promises obtained to subscribe,
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a definite number of chests was ordered, and ten per cent bargain money was remitted. The ship was then despatched by a cir- cuitous route, viâ. Formosa, where coal was taken on for the round trip. As soon as the ship arrived at Bushire and was ready to load the opium, the remainder of the purchase price was remitted by cable to Bombay. The ship then loaded the opium and left, proceeding via Sabang to some destination un- known. In each case part of the cargo of opium was destined for Shanghai, the first cargo was in part certainly unloaded in the vicinity of this port, as mention was found of an item for storing 60 chests in the Colony at $20 per chest, and other items mentioned the expenses of introducing part of the first cargo into the district near Kongmoon.
The subscribers probably never saw their opium, when it was safely landed and placed in safe keeping, the firm in Macau attended to the sale and gave delivery orders, received the money and accounted for it to the firm here, paying sometimes direct to the person concerned after the firm here had confirmed the correctness of the account so far as they were concerned. It is doubtful exactly what profits were made as the accounts examin- ed were fragmentary, and it was doubtful in many cases exactly what currency was meant, and whether all the expenses were included, but enough was clear to make it certain that the profit was a handsome one provided that the opium was disposed of as soon as possible after landing. The prices charged for the opium varied from $1,900 to $2,400, in some cases $100 a chest was charged for freight, in others apparently the price was in- clusive. The sale price varied from $3,000 to over $4,000 (possibly in some cases Canton money).
On her last trip the ship left Sabang at the beginning of September, and was not heard of for some weeks, till she enter- ed at Shanghai as coming from the Yangtsze port of Chinkiang; her crew were discharged in Shanghai and subsequently returned to Hong Kong being involved in the piracy of the s.s. "Sunning' on the way. The ship is now reported to have been sold, and she left Shanghai recently for Haiphong.
After the search of firm's premises many of the partners left the Colony, and the rather fragmentary evidence found could not be used against the remaining partners, who some of them at least were in the nature of sleeping partners, so no action in the Courts could be taken against the partners. Action was taken against the person in charge of the premises without success. At least four of the partners hod been intimately con- nected with two firms of opium smugglers who were dispersed in 1923. The action taken in this case may warn the wealthy Chinese opium speculator that this Government is determined strictly to observe the terms of the Opium Conventions, and to refuse shelter to any person engaged in transporting opium into Chiną.
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Besides managing deals in Persian opium on the large scale this firm was also engaged in smuggling Raw and prepared Chinese opium into the Colony from Kwong. Chow Wan and Yunnan, one of the partners having important connections amongst the opium dealers of the chief opium market of South China, the town of Tung Hing, which is situated near the fron- tier of Tongking.
Indian Opium.
Apart from the seizure mentioned above no Indian opium was found. No information was received which pointed to the existence of any smuggling of Indian opium direct from India. The precautions taken in India to control raw opium seem to have been quite effective. The supplies of Indian opium which are still reaching China, appear to originate wholly in the French protectorate of Kwong Chow Wan.
Opium Divans.
In this the fifth year of a concentrated attack on divans the number discovered is practically the same as that for the last two years. The divan keeper laughs at the sentences inflicted by the Court which are generally a tenth of the maximum fine, in quite a large percentage of cases he does not trouble to attend at Court, forfeiting the bail which is generally a little higher than the fine likely to be imposed. The man who goes to prison if the fine is not paid, is usually a paid keeper or a coolie who is past work, or too lazy to work. There is a regular tariff in the trade, if the man has dependents in the Colony, which is rare, they are looked after, and the man gets a regular fee when he comes out based on the length of time he has served in prison. The factor which decides whether the fine shall be paid or not is purely a financial one, the actual owner of a divan will make more money outside prison, so he pays his fine, but the master of several divans finds it pays him better for his employee to serve his sentence, as he can easily fill his place, and give him some small compensation on his release.
The campaign against divans has proved absolutely abortive, there are probably as many divans being operated now as there were 5 years ago, and the profits have probably increased as the price of illicit opium has decreased.
Divan keepers with two or more convictions were deported in large numbers, but their places were immediately filled, a divan-keeper could probably run a divan for some months before becoming sufficiently known, he would then be caught, pay the small fine or serve his sentence, open up again in the same neighbourhood as before, and run for several months before be- ing caught again. If his business was sufficiently lucrative to enable him to pay out "hush" money, he would be assured of a
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considerable run, before some person who had not been sufficient- ly silenced directed the attention of this department to his opera- tions.
Opium in China.
With the establishment of a stronger Government in the province of Kwongtung, the control of the trade in opium was placed on a more regular footing. In former years the taxa- tion of opium, though universal, was in the hands of the local military officer, who held sway for the time being in the locality, and who had to find some means of paying his troops, and accumulating a nest-egg for himself against the day, never far distant, when he himself would be supplanted. During the year the control of opium taxation appears from the documents examined to have been in process of being regularised. The system in force varied apparently from place to place, but Canton appears to have had some power over the local mono- poly. A bureau called the "Bureau for the suppression of opum" functioned in most places, and let out various mono- polies to the highest bidder. The bureau did not themselves deal in opium. The following types of monopolies were noticed during the year, (a) import, (b) export, (c) preparing, (d) selling raw opium, (e) selling prepared opium, (f) collecting transit fees on opium passing between various areas. The Monopoly in any line might be given for a special district of a small size, or the Bureau might grant the monopoly for the whole district under its charge to a contractor, who would sublet the smaller districts to others. Opium revenue labels issued by the mono- poly of the district of Po On, the district conterminuous with the New Territory, stated that the Government would abolish opium within 4 years, but the label did not state when this period would begin to run. This undertaking has not been noticed on any other of the numerous opium revenue labels examined during the year.
Tung Hing Mart for Yunnan Opium.
Before the raw opium had been submitted to provincial texation other than transit charges, the ruling market quota- tion at Tung Hing, the town situated on the French frontier of Tongking, opposite Moncay, which has become the great distributing centre for Yunnan opium, was from $1.05 to $1.10 per tael, the price varied only within small limits. Various letters examined mentioned the huge amounts of opium available at Tung Hing at any given time, about one million taels seems to have been not unusual. Taxation at this centre seems to have been rather capricious, and a com- plaint was noticed that certain merchants paid considerably
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less than others less favoured. Permission had to be bought to export large quantities, and at one time a suggestion was made to put a special tax on export for the support of a certain local school. From Tung Hing opium was exported to Swatow and Canton direct by steamer from the nearest accessible point on the coast, a considerable trade was done with Macau and Hong Kong, probably via Kwong Chow Wan, since ships from Pakhoi did not come to Hong Kong owing to the boycott. Hong Kong firms received constant letters from this mart giving market quotations. The price of this opium landed safely here varied from $1.80 to $2.20 per tael, a common retail price for cash was $2.70 per tael, and considerably higher if credit was given.
IV DANGEROUS DRUGS.
Only one large seizure of dangerous drugs was made during the year.
Several lines of investigation, which were pursued failed to result in any success, there was undoubtedly some dealing in dangerous drugs going on locally, but it is probable from the enquiries made that they were more in the nature of smugglers elsewhere seeking to find a market for goods stored elsewhere.
In one case a small quantity of cocaine was seized packed with other goods, which had come from Japan, the premises for * which the consignment was intended were searched, and it was proved that the cocaine was intended to be put up in small quantities in envelopes, the actual destination was not very plain, but there was some indication that business in drugs had been conducted through the letter-post with the Philippines. Full details of the cargo and the name of the Chinese firm in Japan from whom the goods came were forwarded through the usual channels, but nothing further has been heard about the matter.
Several attempts were made to intercept cocaine from Japan en route to Calcutta, but only small quantities were found. The small amounts found were probably only samples which had been placed near at hand in more easily accessible situations.
The only large seizure was that of 8,200 ounces of heroin, which was despatched from Zurich via Marseilles as passengers baggage, the intention was to get the drugs landed in Shanghai,
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and it is believed that a large amount of drugs had been in this way introduced into Shanghai. A Japanese who was travelling with the drugs was convicted and sentenced to 5 years imprisonment. He had been resident for a year in Shanghai and only remained in Europe long enough to make arrangements for shipping this consignment, it is probable that he was acting for undisclosed principals.
V.-ARMS.
The seizures of arms were less than in 1925, there is every reason to believe, however, that the smuggling of arms has continued on much the same scale. Very few arms came from U.S.A., the majority being of European manufacture. The supply of second hand Mauser and Luger pistols from Germany does not appear to be near exhaustion yet, and these formed the bulk of the arms seized. Ammunition for these automatics is, however, more and more coming from France where it is specially manufactured. From information which came to hand there is a probability of Belgium resuming her former place as one of the chief sources from which arms were obtained for the illicit arms trade in China.
VI. STAFF.
Mr. J. A. Fraser was transferred to Tai Po early in February, and in March Mr. Kennedy-Skipton was posted to take his place as Assistant, he left in October, and was replaced by Mr. W. J. Carrie from leave. Mr. H. A. Taylor was on long leave during the greater part of the year and during his absence I managed the opium factory in addition to my other duties, Dr. Lubatti, Assistant Government Analyst being lent to this department to undertake the work of the laboratory.
Revenue Officers Grimmitt and Brown were on long leave during the year.
The whole of the department moved into the new offices in the Fire Station Building during December, and the work of settling in was completed before the end of the year.
E 18
It was found possible to reduce the staff employed at the Opium Factory, vacancies were not filled up, and at the end of the year two overseers, three packers and one cook were discharged. The staff remaining is considered sufficient to cope with the future demand for Government prepared opium, since owing to the policy of progressive reductions of supplies adopted by India, the amount prepared here must gradually decrease. The number of salaried retail agents was consider- ably reduced, in accordance with the decrease in sales of opium.
16th February, 1927
J. D. LLOYD,
Superintendent.
.
L
E 19
Table I.
Return of Liquor duty Collected during the year 1926.
European Type Liquor.
Class of Liquors.
Gallons.
Amount of Duty
collected.
$
C.
Ale, Beer, and Stout
269,700
107,879.62
1
Brandy
10,841
65,045.70
Whisky
18,426
110,553.32
Gin
8,499
50,996.50
Rum
1,482
8,888.98
Champagne and Sparkling Wine
2,079
20,787.50
Claret
4,774
13,182.88
Port Wine
5,579
22,315.32
Sherry
2,041
8,164.34
Vermouth
4,098
12.293.14
Liqueur
1,628
16,279.11
Spirits of wine
237
1,494.16
Miscellaneous
8,157
24,054:11
Difference on Overproof
1,300.08
Total
$463,234.76
Table IL.
Return of Liquor duty Collected during the year 1926.
Chinese and Japanese Liquor.
Liquors Amount of
distilled
duty
Imported
locally.
collected.
liquor.
Amount of duty collected.
Total Amount of
duty
collected.
gallons.
gallons.
Not more than
25% of alcohol
by weight 26%-35%,
36%-45%
and above
*
625,255 25,502
*326,425.47
349,672
233,401.88*559,827.35
22,101.28
59,326
58,067.00
80,171.28
871
867.75
56,719
Sake
4,399
71,737.54 72,605.29
3,671.28
3.671.28
Difference
*on
overproof
34
48.38
48.72
Total.....
*716,323.92
Note :-Fractions of a gallon are not shown in this table.
*Includes. 105,678 gallons = $19,728.03 duty collected and paid
into the Treasury by the District Officer, North,
E 20
Table III.
Šummary of Revenue Collected from Liquor during the year 1926.
Duties on European Type Liquor
$ 463,234.76
"
Chinese and Japanese Liquors *716,323.92
Licensed Warehouses Fees
6,562.50
Overtime Fees
184.00
"
Arrears of Liquor Duties
2,500.00
Total
$1,188,805.18
Refund of Liquor Duties
2,492.63
*$1,186,312.55
*Includes $19,728.03 duty collected and paid into The
Treasury by The District Officer, North.
1
CLASS OF TOBACCO.
1
Table IV.
Return of Duty Paid Tobacco for the year 1926.
IMPORTED.
MANUFACTURED LOCALLY.
High Grade.
Low Grade.
High Grade.
Low Grade.
mille.
lbs.
Duty.
mille.
lbs.
Duty.
mille,
lbs.
Duty.
mille.
lbs,
Duty.
$
Cigars
786
31,440.00
2.454
10,642.63
107
4,280.00
9,037
Cigarettes .....
98,075
441,337.00 | 304.159
362,093.40
42,834
192.753.00
395,831
European Tobacco
11,694
17,541,00
4,883
2.586.64
Chinese Tobacco
50,390
15,116.96
Tobacco Leaf
62.193
18,658.02
Snuff
15.00
28,846.08
578,354.76
417,299
125,189.70
Total
98,861
11,700
490.333.00 | 306,613 117,466
409,097.65
42,941
197,033.00 404,868 |417,299
732,390.54
Duties on Tobacco including new Territory Retailer's License Fee
$ 1,828,854.19
Licensed Warehouse Fee
.....
Manufacturer's License Fee
......
Importer's License Fee
Licensed Warehouse Overtime Fee Refund of Tobacco Duties
Grand Total
11,820 00
1,350 00
824.00
312.00
51.00
$ 1,843,211.19 8,174.42
1,835,036.77

NOTE:-
Fractions of a pound are not shown in this Table.
- E 21 -
i.
E 22
*
Table: V.
Total amount of Prepared Opium sold during the year 1926.
Bengal
Persian
Table VIA.
195,137.6 taels
87.0
Statement of Opium Transhipped during 1926.
Persian
Turkish
Total
chests.
chests.
chests.
From Marseilles
Bombay
100
100
350
350
Total.....
350
100
450
To. Kobe
""
Keelung...
Dairen
"
Persian
Turkish
Total
chests.
chests.
chests.
50
50
1.50
50
200
200
200
Total................
350
100
450
- E 23
Table VIB.
Statement of Opium in Transit during 1926.
Persian Turkish Benares chests. chests. chrests.
Total chests.
From Calcutta..
50
50
Port Said
50
190
240
27
Marseilles
1.3
13
Total...
50
203
50
303
To Kobe
""
""
Yokohama
Tokio
Keelung..
,
Dairen
Persian Turkish Benares
Total
chests. chests. chests chests.
:
113
:
50
50
40
50
50
113
:
:
50
50
40
Total....
50
203
50
303
4
OPIUM.
*Prepared *Raw
E 24
Table VII.
CONTRABAND SEIZED.
34,205
taels
17,007.8 taels
ARMS.
Automatic pistols and revolvers
Shot gun
Machine gun
Ammunition
Empty cartridge cases
415
1
1
22,861 rounds
10 sacks
TOBACCO.
European
Chinese
Cigarettes
Cigars
LIQUOR.
Chinese Spirits
European Wines and Spirits
EXPLOSIVES.
Dynamite Gunpowder
6 pounds 141 pounds
49,694 894
363 gallons 10 gallons
297 sticks 123 pounds
DANGEROUS DRUGS.
Cocaine
Heroin
132 ounces 8,200 ounces
*Excluding small quantities seized in numerous cases by the officers engaged on the suppression of divans.
- 28
Table VIII.
CONVICTIONS 'OBTAINED.
(a.)-Opium Ordinance.
i
Divan Smok- keeping. ing.
Boiling.
Possess Forged
Total.
ion.
Labels.
Hong Kong,
1,011
3,318
51
468
4,854
Yaumati,
586
1,807
87
221
2,703
New Territory, ...
10
21
20
5
10
46
Grand Total, ..................
ד!
1,607
5,146
143
699
8
7,603
(b.)-Tobacco Ordinance.
34
(e.)-Liquor Ordinance.
Hong Kong..
New Territory
(d.)—Gambling Ordinance.
13
(e.)-Arms Ordinance.
9
.16
5
(f)-Dangerous Drugs Ordinance.
2
Table IX.
Classified List of Opium Seizures 1926.
Number of
Taets
Seizures.
Seized.
Prepared Opium, Chinese
1,661
4,598.45
Macao
101
"
2,149.48
Kwong Chow Wan
59
8,809.83
Amoy
19
23,702.80
"1
Opium Dross, all kinds
Dross Opium,
Raw Opium, Chinese
Hong Kong
27
126
20.21 276.56
188
60.27
177
15,085.50
??
Bengal Persian
,,
1
5,304.00
222.05
Pints seized.
Opium Solution
161
222 2/3
26
Table X.
Fines and Forfeitures collected by the Courts under Opium,
Liquor and Tobacco Ordinances.
Hong Kong Magistracy
Kowloon Magistracy
District Office, North
District Office, South
Table XI.
$72,670.55
24,092.90
1,160.00
1,443.42
$99,366.87
Rewards Paid.
For Opium, Drugs, Liquor and Tobacco
$69,085.53
Table XII.
Importation of Dangerous Drugs during the year 1926.
Tinct Opium
Opium Powder and Preparations containing
Nepenthe
Preparations containing Morphine
Preparations containing Heroin
Preparations containing Cocaine
Morphine Salts
Cocaine Salts
Heroin Hydrochloride
12
50 lbs. 13 oz.
3 lbs. 6 oz. 12 lbs: 2,613 grains 676 grains 276 grains
42 oz.
75 oz.
71 oz.
Table XIII.
Staff Changes.
Resigned Dismissed Invalided Died
Chinese Revenue Officers
5
3
1
1
Table XIV.
The chief seizures of opium during the year 1926.
Amount in
Place.
Kind.
taels.
Origin.
Destination.
Remarks.
E 27
S.S. Tjiliboet
3,240
Prepared.
Amoy.
Netherland Indies.
S.S. Sui Sang.
7.020
Prepared.
Amoy.
Singapore.
Found in donkey boiler.
Kwong
S.S. Szechuen...
5,304
Raw.
Chow Wan.
Shanghai.
Indian opium in balls equivalent of 3 chests. Old stock.
S.S. Kut Sang.
2,343
Prepared.
Amoy.
Singapore.
Kwong
S.S. Po Sang
513
Chow Wan.
>>
S.S. Tjiliboet
2,140
Amoy.
Cargo Lighter
2,440
Amoy.
"}
and export.
4,542
S.S. Tai Sze Ma
Kwong
7,900
Raw,
190
S.S. Wing Wo
. 378
Raw,
Prepared.
Chow Wan. Local consumption.
850
Raw.
Sampan A. 1036.
114
Prepared.
450
Raw.
S.S. Tjisalak
669
Prepared.
Amoy.
Netherland Indies.
3,60
Raw.
S.S. Hai Ching
4,245
Prepared.
S.S. Tjisalak
2,350
2,170
Amoy.
Prepared. Amoy. Raw.
Local consumption. Netherland Indies. Local consumption
Chow Wan. Local consumption. Kwong
Local consumption and sale for export. Netherland Indies.
Found in life raft which had been cut open.
Found in false partition behind main bulkhead intended for numerous local dealers. Remnant of a large consignment safely got ashore.
The prepared opium was mostly found in saus- skins age in the middle of rolls of cotton cloth.
S.S. Luchow
Amoy.
Local consumption.
800
Prepared.
S.S. Tjikembang
1,240
Prepared.
Amoy.
Netherland Indies.
I
Place.
Table XV.
Seizures of Dangerous Drugs during the year 1926.
Substance
amount.
Origin.
Destination.
-
Remarks.
S.S. Fook Sang
Cocaine
Japan
Calcutta
50 ounces
Samples of a larger consign- ment not discovered.
Baggage
Heroin
Germany
Canton
31 ounces
Case landed from a ship
Cocaine
Japan
Hong Kong
25 ounces
S.S. Shirala
S.S. Katsang
Cocaine
Japan
Calcutta
150 ounces
Cocaine
Japan
Calcutta
Bottles contained a little only, many none. A swindle. 1 conviction.
1 conviction. For retail small quantities.
in
Probably part of a larger con- signment undiscovered.
Found by officers of the ship.
357 ounces
Baggage
S.S. Angers
Morphine
54 grains
personal use
In possession of a drug addict.
Heroin
Switzerland
Shanghai
8,200 ounces
Carried as baggage. 1 Japan- ese convicted.
J

E 28
Appendix F.
REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR
OF THE ROYAL OBSERVATORY, HONG KONG,
FOR THE YEAR 1926.
I.-GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS.
The grounds were kept in order by the Botanical and Forestry Department with the assistance of the Observatory coolies.
The wireless house was completed in November and the receiving set was removed from its temporary shelter in the old Telescope dome to the new house on November 30. This house is situated 51 yards to the south of the main building. It is a rectangular building. 44 feet long by 18 feet wide, with brick walls 12 feet high at the eaves, and a gabled roof of Canton tiles. It contains an engine and battery room, 18 feet long by 12 feet wide, and a main instrument room 32 feet long by 18 feet wide. The Receiver is a Marconi "Press" type RP 2 B, with a wave range of 750 to 26,000 metres. The Transmitter is a Marconi type "Q", 11⁄2 Kw. with wave range of 250 to 1,000 metres. Frequency 300 cycles. The systems used are:-
Continuous wave.
Interrupted Continuous wave. Telephone.
Underground Chamber for Seismograph and Clocks.-The diurnal inequality of temperature in the underground chamber is negligible and the change in 24 hours seldom exceeds 0°.3 F. The annual range amounted to 11°.3 (F) in 1925 and 9°.1 (F) in 1926. Changes of humidity are at times considerable; as, for example, from January 15d. 21h. to 16d. 13h. when the relative humidity decreased from 71% to 51%, from March 12d. 12h. to 13d. 2h. when it increased from 61% to 85%, from May 7d. 16h. to 8d. 9h., when it decreased from 90% to 65%, and from December 7d. 17h. to 8d. 12h. when it decreased from 75% to 55%. From June 22 to September 17 the humidity was never less than 93%.
In the following table the mean monthly temperature and humidity in the Underground Chamber are compared with the temperature and humidity in the open air. As the air in the Underground Chamber is always still, humidity tables for calm air have been computed and used for obtaining the relative humidity from the readings of the dry and wet bulb thermometers.
F 2-
Mean Monthly Temperature and Relative Humidity in the Underground Chamber and in the Open Air,
during the year 1926.
In Underground Chamber.
Excess. of Under-
In the Open Air.
Month
ground Chamber over Open Air.
1926.
Temper- Relative Temper- Relative
ature Humidity ature Humidity ature Humidity
Temper- Relative
O
о
о
%%
%
%
January,.. 719
54
61.1
72
February,.
70'7
6I
60.0
82
22
+108 + 10'7
- 18
21
March,..... 70'5
70
63.8
82
+ 6-
12
April,
714
81
68.9
87
May,
73.4
88
76.1
33
June,
75'3
89
77.8
83
July.....
77-8
96
82.1
8
August,...
79
94
82'1
W + N
+ 6
September
79.6
92
815
80
+12
October, ..
78.0
7+
7475
74
November, 75'9
71
68.9
73
December,
73'5
66
62.7
43的
+ 3*
69
++
2
3
Range...... 9.1
42
22'I
18
II.-METEOROLOGICAL INSTRUMENTS.
Barometers.-The Marvin compensated syphon barometer has worked satisfactorily, except that the buzzer for overcoming inertia and friction, and the time-break apparatus, have failed occasionally. In the month of February, a combined buzzer and time-break apparatus was fitted by Mr. Evans.
The coils of an electric bell were screwed to the base plate near the suspension thread of the conical steel float and a one-inch nail inserted in the suspension thread at the same height as the coils. The minute signal circuit to the thermograph buzzer was lead through these coils, which therefore acted as a buzzer and vibrated the nail on the float suspension. The hourly signal was also lead through the coils thus attracting the nail and causing an appreciable mark on the register.
This scheme works well provided the battery strength remains fairly constant and the thermograph buzzer works well.
The station barometer No. 1323 and the large Casella barometer were compared with the Observatory Standard on April 30, and June 26.
Beckley Anemograph.-This instrument was oiled and the orientation of the vane checked once a month.
1
F 3
Dines-Baxendell Anemograph.-The bearings of the vane were oiled and its orientation checked once a month. The spindle of the float was cleaned and oiled once a week, but the instrument still works erratically at low wind velocities.
The Mean monthly results of comparisons with the records of the Beckley Anemograph from 1910-1925 are given in the following table, together with the results for 1926:
Factor for converting the actual run of the Beckley Anemograph cups to velocities recorded by the Dines Pressure Tube
Anemograph.
Factor (Dines Beckley).
3
Month.
Mean 1910-1925.
1926.
January,
1.94
1'94
February,
1'97
195
March,
2.03
1.89
April,..
2005
1'90
May,
2.17
2:03
June,
2.I l
1'94
July,
2.24
2.15
August,.
2.20
2'10
September,
2'21
2.36
October,.
2'12
2'04
November,
2'01
176
December,
1'93
1*70
Year.
2*08
198
Thermometers.--All thermometers in use
are compared
with Kew Standard No. 647 in winter and summer.
III.-METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS AT THE OBSERVATORY.
Automatic records of the temperature of the air and evaporation were obtained with a Richard dry and wet bulb thermograph, and of the direction and velocity of the wind with a Beckley and a Dines-Baxendell Anemograph, modified as described in the report of 1912. The amount of rain is recorded automatically by a Nakamura pluviograph and the amount of sunshine by two Campbell-Stokes universal sunshine recorders. Eye observations of barometric pressure, temperature of the air and of evaporation and the amount of cloud are made at cach hour of Hong Kong Standard time. The character and direction of the motion of the clouds are observed every three hours. Daily readings are taken of self-registering maximum and minimum thermometers.
F 4
Principal features of the Weather. The principal features of the weather in 1926 were:-
(1) Phenomenal rainfall during a prolonged and very severe thunderstorm on July 19, when 21 inches of rain fell in 18 hours, causing severe floods and land slides.
(2) Rainfall much above the average in April, July and
September.
(3) Typhoons which passed near Hong Kong on July 22
and September 27.
(4) Heat waves in July, August and September, and
relatively cold spells in April and June.
Barometric pressure was moderately above normal in January, February, March, and August. It was nearly normal in other months. The mean pressure for the year at station level was 29.857 ins. as against 29.845 ins. in 1925 and 29.843 ins. for the past 43 years. The highest pressure was 30.384 ins. on January 25, as against 30.343 ins. in 1925 and 30.509 ins. for the past 43 years. The lowest pressure was 29.229 ins. on July 22 as against 29.272 ins. in 1925, and 28.590 ins. for the past 43 years.
The temperature of the air was moderately above normal in January, February, March and September. It was considerably below normal in June, the mean value for the month, 77°.8, being the lowest on record; and moderately below in October, the mean value for the month, 74°.5, being the lowest on record except in 1911 and 1919 when it was 74°.3 and 74°.2 respective- ly. The mean temperature for the year was 71°.6 as against 71°.4 in 1925 and 71°.9 for the past 43 years. The highest temperature was 92°.5 on August 16, as against 92°.8 in 1925 and 97°.0 for the past 43 years. The lowest temperature was 43°.2 on December 26 as against 39°.7 in 1925 and 32.°0 for the past 43 years.
The rainfall was considerably above normal in April, July and September, and considerably below in May, June and August. The total rainfall for April, 17.16 ins., was the greatest on record, and the total fall for July, 29.79 ins., has been exceeded on only one occasion; in 1917 when it was 30.07 ins. The total for the year was 100.78 ins. as against 87.58 ins. in 1925 and 85.55 ins. for the past 43 years. The greatest fall in one civil day was 21.02 ins. on July 19, which is the highest on record for the past 43 years, and the greatest in one hour was 3.96 ins. between 3.30 a.m. and 4.30 a.m. on July 19, also the highest on record for the past 43 years.
The wind velocity was considerably above normal in June, moderately below in March and November, and slightly below in January, July, September, October and December. The mean velocity for the year was 12.2 m.p.h. as against 11.5 m.p.h. in 1925 and 12.6 m.p.h. for the past 43 years. The maximum velocity for one hour, as recorded by the Beckley Anemograph,
-
F 5
was 73 miles at 10 a.m. on September 27, as against 45 miles in 1925 and 108 miles for the past 43 years. The maximum squall velocity, as recorded by the Dines-Baxendell Anemograph, was at the rate of 101 m.p.h. at 8.51 a.m. on September 27, as against 65 m.p.h. on 1925 and 130 m.p.h. for the past 17 years.
The relative humidity was moderately above normal in February and November, slightly above in April, September and October, and nearly normal in the other months. The mean relative humidity for the year was 79% as against 75% in 1925 and 77% for the past 43 years. It frequently exceeded 95% and the lowest for the year was 17% at 2 p.m. on December 27.
Rainfall at four Stations.-In the following table the monthly rainfall for the year 1926 at the Observatory is compared with the fall at the Police Station, Tai Po; the Botanical Gardens; and the Matilda Hospital, Mount Kellet:—
Month.
Observatory Police Station (Kowloon). (Taipo).
Botanical
Gardens
Matilda Hospital
(Hong Kong).(Hong Kong)
inches.
inches.
inches.
inches.
January,
0*215
C'00
0*31
0'35
February,
2*400
1.82
258
2.40
March,
4.840
3*44
5:03
4.68
April,
17:165
12.87
18.90
19.62
May,
59730
9'02
5.84
3'70
June,
6.635
7.28
7.68
4'10
July,
29790
23°25
20.84
22.53
August,
8.010
8.45
9'15
8.03
September,...
17.300
1178
17.82
15.12
October,
· 3.275
4.86
3'44
2.84
November,
404
4'965
486
5*02
470
December,...!
0.455.
0.16
0.16
Year....
100780
87.63
96'77
88.23
Floods. The heaviest rainfall occurred at the Observatory as follows:
Period.
Amount.
Duration.
Greatest fall in 1 hour.
d.
h.
d. h.
1 to April 16
4
inches.
10.96
hours.
Amount.
inches.
Time.
d. h.
71
2-225
April 10 13
0 to
July 19
14
20-83
14
3.965
July 19 4
4
to July 23
0
3.72
19
0.500
July 22 22
0
to
Sept. 21
17
5.61
14 1.880 Sept. 21 14
April...10 July...19 July Sept.
...22
...21
The rain on July 19 caused very severe floods and land slides.
- F 6
Typhoons.-The tracks of 12 typhoons and 30 of the principal depressions which occurred in the Far East, in 1926, are given in two plates in the Monthly Meteorological Bulletin for December, 1926.
On the morning of July 22 a typhoon passed a few miles to the south of Gap Rock on a WNW track. Winds of force 10 were experienced at Gap Rock at 10h and 11h and squalls at the rate of 80 to 85 m.p.h. were recorded at the Observatory between 8h. and 9h. A typhoon also passed near Gap Rock on September 27, travelling at the rate of 24 m.p.h. Winds of force 12 were experienced at Gap Rock at 10h and 11h, and squalls at the rate of 90 to 101 m.p.h. were recorded at the Observatory between 7h and 9h. In the first typhoon the lowest barometer reading at the Observatory, reduced to sea level, was 29.33 ins., at 8h. 45m. In the second typhoon it was 29.29 ins. at 7h. 15m.
IV.-PUBLICATIONS.
Daily Weather Report and Map.-A weather map of the Far East, for 6 a.m. of the 120th Meridian time, is constructed daily and lithographed at the Observatory. On the verso is printed the morning weather report, from about 40 stations in China, Indo-China, Japan, Borneo and the Philippines, and a weather forecast for the following districts :
1. Formosa Channel.
2. S. E. Coast of China between Hong Kong and
Lamocks.
3. Hong Kong to Gap Rock.
4. S. Coast of China between Hong Kong and Hainan.
This publication is exhibited on notice boards at the Hong Kong and Kowloon Ferry Piers, the Harbour Office and at the offices of the cable companies. It is also distributed to subscribers to the "Daily Bulletin". One copy is sent daily to the Institute of Engineers and Shipbuilders, to the Director of the Meteorological Observatory, Macao, to the Diocesan Boys' School, the Central British School, Kowloon, and to H.M.S. Hermes when at Hong Kong. Copies are sent weekly to the Hydrographic Office, Bangkok.
Since July 1, meteorological observations from 26 stations in the Far East have been broadcast by Cape d'Aguilar (V.P.S.) on a 600 metre spark at 0400 and 1200 G.M.1. and repeated on 2800 metres C.W. at 0500 and 1300, respectively. These messages are followed immediately by the weather reports and forecasts which were formerly broadcast at 0500 and 1200 G.M.T. The names of the observing stations included in the morning and evening broadcast, together with the hours at which the observations are taken at each station are given in Government Notifications 308 of 1926, May 28, and 428 of 1926, August 6.
F 7
A weather map for 2 p.m. of the 120th meridian time is also constructed daily. It is not published but an evening weather report and forecast is telephoned to the morning papers and exhibited on the notice boards.
Monthly Meteorological Bulletin.-The monthly Meteorolo- gical Bulletin, which includes the Daily Weather Report, was published as usual, and distributed to the principal observatories and scientific institutions in different parts of the world.
Monthly Seismological Bulletin.-The publication of a monthly seismological bulletin, giving particulars of earthquakes recorded by the Milne-Shaw seismograph, was continued throughout the year and distributed the principal seismological Observatories.
to
Miscellaneous Returns.-A monthly abstract of observations nade at the Observatory is published in the Government Gazette, and monthly and yearly results are published in the Blue Book in the form suggested by the London Meteorological Office for the British Colonies. The monthly departures from normal of the barometric pressure at four China-Coast Ports are com- municated to the Commonwealth Meteorologist, Melbourne, in connection with long range weather forecasts. Monthly Meteoro- logical returns are forwarded to the Meteorological Magazine, and annual returns to the Stock Exchange Official Intelligence, the Colonial Office List and Whitaker's Almanack. Particulars of the calendar, eclipses, times of sunrise and sunset, &c., are com- municated to the "Directory and Chronical" and the "Hong Kong Dollar Directory.
V.-WEATHER TELEGRAMS, FORECASTS AND STORM WARNINGS.
Daily Weather Telegrams.-In addition to the ordinary 6 a.m. and 2 p.m. observations those for 11 a.m. and 5 p.m. are now received from the following stations:
Shanghai
Phulien
Macao
Tourane
Cape St. James.
Additional observations at 11 a.m. have been received from Gutzlaff since December 1, 1925, and from Amoy since Decem- ber 2, 1926. Those for 5 p.m. have been received from Gutzlaff since March 10, 1926 and from Amoy since January 1, 1927. Those for 11 a.m. and 5 p.m. have been received from Yunanfu since September 16.
By the courtesy of the Naval Commander-in-Chief arrange- ments were made at the close of the year 1925, for all cruisers, submarine depot ships and sloops on the China station, whilst
F 8
away from Hong Kong, at sea or in harbour, to make meteoro- logical observations at 6 a.m., 11 a.m., 2 p.m. and 5 p.m., Hong Kong Standard Time, and transmit them to Hong Kong; also for gunboats on the Yangtze and West River to make and transmit observations at 6 a.m. daily.
This service forms a very valuable addition to the observa- tions received by cable and from ships of the mercantile marine.
On February 8, Mr. C.W. Hsu, the officer in charge of the Pratas Radio and meteorological station, brought two meteoro- logical observers for Pratas to view the Observatory. Observa- tions at 6h. and 14h. (120th meridian time) have been received by radio telegraphy from this station, on a 600 metre wave, with commendable regularity, and also at 11h and 17h since April 16. During typhoon weather Mr. Hsu very kindly sent us hourly observations, which were of very great value in connection with storm warnings.
On July 26 the station was formally opened by Admiral Hsu. The Director was unable to be present as the Chief Assistant was on leave and the acting Chief Assistant was in Hospital.
Occasionally belated weather telegrams are received from South China but as a rule the observations from these districts are posted in batches to Hong Kong, as are those from Central China.
In January the Japanese Authorities agreed to use the Hong Kong 6-letter code for the daily weather telegrams. Its use was sanctioned by the Cable Companies in 1915 and the sanction ratified in September, 1926. Owing, however, to the absence in Europe of Dr. Okada, the Director of the Tokio Observatory, the details of the scheme have not yet been settled.
Extra Weather Telegrams.-The following stations send extra weather telegrams at half rates during typhoons, on receipt of certain code words from Hong Kong:-Amoy, Canton, Macao, Phulien, Sharp Peak and Taihoku. The Director of the Philip- pines Weather Bureau also sends extra telegrams, at his discre- tion, from Aparri or some other station nearer the typhoon centre. The 9 p.m. observations from Swatow, kindly sanctioned by the Chinese Telegraph Administration, were occasionally received the same evening, but usually on the next or following day.
In September, Dr. S. Teramoto, director of the Taihoku Observatory, very kindly consented to send extra weather tele- grams from the two stations in Formosa nearest to the typhoon centre, instead of from only one station.
F 9
Weather Telegrams from Ships by Radio.--The following table gives the monthly number of ships from which radio meteorological messages have been received, and the number of messages received (each arrival and departure is counted separately):-
Mouth.
British (including H.M.
Ships).
No. of ships.
No. of
messages.
Other National-
Total
ities.
No. of ships.
No. of
messages.
No. of ships.
No. of
messages.
January,
67
586
55
158
122
744
February,
74
638
53
161
127
799
March,
91
667
54
172
145
839
April,..
82 474
134
127
508
May,
73 374
136
118
510
June,
72
509
68
195
140
704
July,
97
288
97
230
194
757
August,
116
378
91
258
207
859
September,
98
275
205
162
652
October,....
116
444
266
212.
926
November,.
90
340
77
228
167
779
December,
82 243
86
233
168
706
(1926,
1058
5216 831
2376 1889 8883
1925,
687
2199 752
1762
1439 3961
Totals 1924,
663
1703 852
1667
1517 3370
1923,
196
409 431
698 627 1107
280
732 369
702 649 1434
[ 1922,
It will be seen that the number of British ships sending these messages increased from 687 in 1925, to 1058 in 1926. This was due in a large measure to the co-operation of the Navy, mentioned in a previous paragraph. The number of ships of other nationalities increased from 752 in 1925 to 831 in 1926 and the number of messages received from these ships increased from 1762 to 2376, an appreciable increase, but still representing only a small percentage of the ships within call of Hong Kong.
An appeal for regular observations from ships has been made through the Internațional Commission for Maritime Meteorology.
F' 10
Results of Weather Forecasts.-The results of comparison of the daily weather forecasts with the weather subsequently ex- perienced are given below, together with the results of the pre- yious five
years:
Year.
Complete Partial Success. Success.
Partial Failure.
Total
Failure.
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
Navaga alo
%
%
65
30
67
30
6.6
30
71
24
62
34
72
26
ala in mein & N
5
3
3
5
4
ale 0 0-0 0 0
The forecast comprises wind direction, wind force, and weather. Complete success means correct in three elements. Partial success means correct in only two elements. Partial failure means correct in only one element. Total failure means correct in no element.
The method of analysis is described in the 1918 Report.
Storm Warnings.-The symbols of the China Seas Storm Signal Code are displayed on Kowloon Signal Hill.
The following Ports are warned by a telegraphic adaptation of the code:-Sharp Peak, Swatow, Amoy, Santuao, Macao, Canton, Wuchow, Phulien, Taihoku, Manila, Labuan, and Singa- pore. 156 storm warnings were sent in 1926. 110 were received from Manila and 106 from Zikawei. 28 were received from Phulien, via Quang Chau Wan Radio Station. The correspond- ing numbers in 1925 were 94, 119, 61 and 8 respectively.
At the request of the Director General of Indian Observa- tories arrangements were made with the Eastern Extension Telegraph Co., in 1925 to send warnings to Simla of any typhoon passing westward over Indo-China. Only one such warning was necessary during the year; namely, on
November 8.
The Day Signals of the Local Code are displayed at the following stations:
Royal Observatory
H.M.S. Tamar
Gough Hill
Standard Oil Co. Lai
Chi Kok. Harbour Office.
- Green Island Hong Kong and Kow- loon Wharf and Go- down Co. Kowloon Field Officer's Quar-
ters Lyemun.
F 11
The Night Signals are displayed at sunset, at the following
stations:
Royal Observatory
Harbour Office
H.M.S. Tamar Gough Hill
Railway Station
They have the same signification as the day signals.
A translation of both Day and Night Signals is displayed at the General Post Office and at the Upper Tram Station.
When local signals are displayed in the exhibited at the following stations:-
Gap Rock Stanley Sau Ki Wan Waglan
Aberdeen Sai Kung
Harbour a Cone is
Sha Tau Kok Tai Po
It has been decided to amend the supplementary storm warning after March 1st, 1927, as follows:
When Local Signals are displayed in the Harbour, signals will be displayed as follows:-
When No 1 Signal is displayed in the Harbour.
Red T by day.
2 Red Lights vertically by night.
When Nos. 2 to No. 7 Signals are displayed in the Harbour.
Black Cone by day.
2 Green Lights vertically by night.
These Signals will be displayed at the following Stations:
Áberdeen
Cheung Chow
Gap Rock
Saikung Shataukok
Tai Po
Ping Shan
Stanley Shaukiwan
In the following table are
Tsun Wan
Tai O Waglan
given the number of times
and number of hours the local signals were hoisted in each f the years 1922-1926 :--
Red Signals.
Bombs.
Black Signals.
Year.
Number of times.
Number of hours displayed.
Number of times.
Number of hours displayed.
Number of times fired.
1922
7
181
6
154
1923
I I
181
8
252
2
1924
IO
186
4
85
1925
5
128
3
57
1926
5
50
103
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The figures in the above table include the number of hours that night signals, corresponding to the day signals, were hoisted.
The red signal indicates that a depression or typhoon exists which may possibly cause a gale at Hong Kong within 24 hours. The black signals indicate that a gale is expected at Hong Kong.
Three bombs fired at intervals of 10 seconds indicate that wind of typhoon force is anticipated.
VI.—METEOROLOGICAL OBERVATIONS FROM SHIPS, TREATY PORTS, &c.
Logs received. In addition to meteorological registers kept at about 40 station in China, meteorological logs were re- ceived from 230 ships operating in the Far East. These logs, representing 8,680 days' observations have been utilised for amplifying the weather maps and verifying typhoon tracks. The corresponding figures for the year 1925 were 158 and 6,697.
Comparison of Barometers.--The corrections
corrections to ships' barometers are usually obtained by comparing their readings while at Hong Kong with those of the Observatory Standard. Occasionally ship captains bring their barometers to the Observa- tory to be compared with the Observatory Standard.
VII. MAGNETIC OBSERVATIONS.
Magnetic horizontal force, declination, and dip are observed once a month. In the dip observations 4 needles are used in rotation, the result for each month being the mean of determi- nations with two needles.
In the following table are given the annual values of the magnetic elements in 1926, as derived from observations made in the new magnetic hut with magnetometer Elliott 83 and dip circle Dover 71:
Declination (West)
Dip (North)
Horizontal Force (C.G.S. unit) Vertical Force (C.G.S. unit) Total Force (C.G.S. unit)
0.29.6
30.42.4
0.37323
0.22167
0.43409
The magnetic observatory buildings at Au Tau, for absolute observations and photographic registration of the magnetic horizontal force, vertical force, and declination were commenced in November. It is excepted that they will be completed in February 1927.
The vertical force variometer was received on April 30, the horizontal force and declination variometers and earth in- ductor on June 22. These instruments are similar to those
F 13
supplied to the Greenwich Observatory by the Cambridge Instru- ment Company. A unifilar instrument for absolute determina- tions of Horizontal Force and Declination was received on January 24, 1927. It was constructed by Messrs. Cooke, Troughton & Simms, and is a modified form of the Indian pattern designed by Captain H.A.D. Fraser, R.E. for the Indian Government.
No aluminium was used in its construction as this metal perishes in the climate of Hong Kong. Micrometers with phosphor bronze screws and springs are fitted in place of verniers. They read to 0.1 and to 0.01 by estimation. The deflected magnet is fitted with a collimator lens at one end and a cross, ruled on optical glass, at the other end, thus eliminating Fraser's subsidiary collimator.
The vibration magnet is similarly fitted, the reading of the vertical line of the cross on each magnet being observed on a scale in the eye end of the telescope. The torsion weight for use with the deflected magnet is a zylonite disc mounted on a metal spindle. When used for the vibration magnet a metal disc of the proper weight is added, and a further weight when used in the moment of inertia determinations.
The observing telescope is capable of rotation about a horizontal axis and gives excellent definition at 24 diameters.
VIII.-TIME SERVICE.
Time Ball-The Time Ball on Kowloon Signal Hill is dropped at 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. daily, except on Saturdays when it is dropped at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m., and on Sundays and Holidays when it is dropped at 10 a.m. only (120th Meridian Time).
The Ball is hoisted half mast at the 55th minute and full mast at the 57th minute. If the ball fails to drop at the correct time it is lowered at 5 minutes past the hour and the ordinary routine repeated at the following hour, if possible.
Time Signals are also given at night by means of three white lamps mounted vertically on the Observatory radio mast. The lights are extinguished momentarily every second from 8h. 55m. to 9h. Om. p.m., except at the 28th, 29th, 54th, 55th, 56th, 57th, 58th and 59th seconds, of each minute.
The 9 p.m. signals were repeated at midnight on December 31st, the last signal indicating the close of the year 1926. The hours refer to Hong Kong Standard Time (8 hours East of Greenwich).
The Time Ball was dropped successfully 655 times. There was one failure, on October 2nd, when the line was disconnected by P.W.D. workmen before 10h. thus causing the ball to fall prematurely. It was not raised at 11h. as work on the line was still in progress. The ball was not raised on July 22nd or September 27th at 10h. a.m. or 4h. p.m. owing to high wind.
F 14
In the following table is given the number of times different errors occurred in the years 1925 and 1926 :-
Error of Time Ball.
Number of Times.
1925
1926
0'3 sec. or less
631
650
0'4
I 2
"
8
22
**
3
0'9
29
5
3
2
:-:
The error of 0.8 sec, which occurred on February 18th, was owing to accidental over-correction of the Mean Time clock,
The Mean probable error of the time ball in each month of the past five years is given in the following table:-
Probable Error of the Time Ball,
Month.
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
January,
+0'10
±0.16
+0:26
±0.38
February,
*15
14
13
*22
±0.13 18
March,
*12
'II
*17
*22
April...
20
•18
*27
16
13
May,
*10
*13
*23
*I I
*10
June,
II
*21
•27
'10
10
July,
14
'12
*21
'10
'10
August,..
•10
*28
16
'12
*10
September,
*15
*24
*13
*IO
'10
October,
*15
*18
*I 2
11
November,
'17
*21
'14
*10
*10
December,.
10
13
'12
'10
13
Meaus,
+0.13
±0.17 +0.19 ±0.15
±0.12
Time Signals by Radio-Telegraphy.-In addition to the time signals given by the Time Ball, and on the radiò mast, signals are broadcast at 10h. and 21h. by radio telegraphy via Stone- cutters. Particulars of the programme are given in Government Notification No. 428 of 6.8.26.
- † 15
The following table gives particulars of the time-signals received by radio telegraphy during the year:-
Station:
Time of Emission.
No of Observations.
h
Pearl Harbour
8 a.m.
104
Pearl Harbour
10.30 a.m.
21
* Nauen
8 a.m.
295
† Nauen
Sa.m.
275
Malabar
9 a.m.
45
Manila
11 a.m.
103
* Bordeaux
4 p.m.
153
† Bordeaux
4 p.m.
127
Rhythmic Signals
*International Code
International Longitude Commission Signals.
The regular observation of the Nauen time signal at 8h. a.m. continues to be an invaluable check on clock performance. The signal consistently maintains a high degree of accuracy; its regular reception, and the performance of the Cottingham clock, have eliminated all but small discrepancies in the computed clock errors over cloudy periods.
Transit Instrument.-Routine transit and level observations were made by the Chinese computers throughout the year. The Collimation and Azimuth determinations and occasional transit observations were made by the Chief and First Assistants.
The number of observations in the years 1925 and 1926 was as follows:
Transits
Level determinations
Azimuth determinations
Collimation determinations
1925.
1926.
1375
1325
702
689
54
119
54
102
To obviate any possible level effect of a lamp at one end of the transit axis, the wiring for the electric illumination of the transit instrument was altered on April 22, to enable both east and west lamps to be lighted simultaneously. Formerly a two- way switch lighted each lamp separately.
Clocks. Sidereal clock Cottingham and Mercer, No. 507, has been in use as the Observatory Standard throughout the year.
Fic
Between January 1st and October 12th, the daily losing rate varied from―0s.36 to 0s.33, following generally the varia- tions in pressure in the clock case. The clock stopped on October 12th, and various adjustments were made between October 13th and October 30th. It has been undisturbed since, the rate varying with pressure from 08.55 to +0s.23. There has been no leakage into the clock case, the variations of pres- sure corresponding to those of temperature.
The Sidereal Clock, Dent 39741, was cleaned and the rate altered on February 4th; its rate was again altered on May 6th, May 9th, July 6th and August 28th, the tendency of previous years (a steady increase in losing rate), being particularly marked.
The Mean Time clock, Leroy 1350, was used for dropping the Time Ball, maintaining the electric time service in the Observatory, and sending hourly signals to the Railway, the Post Office, the Telephone Co., and the Eastern Extension Telegraph Co. The clock is corrected daily before 10 a.m. and before 4 p.m. by the electric regulating apparatus. The daily rate of the pendulum is kept below 0.5 sec. by the addition or withdrawal of weights. Mean Time clock Dent, 39740, has been corrected daily and its rate regulated as in the case of Leroy 1350.
Chronometer Dent No. 40917 is on loan to Stonecutters Radio Station.
Batteries, Power Supply, &c.-The necessary current for the Time Service has been supplied by accumulator batteries, charged as found necessary from the alternating mains of the China Light and Power Co., Ltd., by the rotary converter or the Tungar rectifier.
IX.-MISCELLANEOUS.
Seismograph.-210 earthquakes were recorded during the year by the Milne-Shaw Seismograph, as against 159 in 1925. The number for 1926 includes a series of 18 small earthquakes on August 5-6, 6 on August 7-8, and 4 on August 16. seismograms have been forwarded to the President of the Seismological Committee, Oxford.
ACEAVA
The
Upper Air Research.-35 flights with pilot balloons were made during the year, supplemented by 21 flights in seaplanes by Officers of H.M.S. Hermes and Vindictive, who observed the dry and wet bulb temperatures, usually at intervals of 500 feet up to 15000 feet; or the maximum possible under prevailing conditions.
The results of the observations have been communicated to the Secretary of the International Committee for Upper Air
F 17
Research, London. Of the days for international balloon as- cents, May 7 and 8 were cloudy, a balloon was sent up on May 10, but burst after 15 minutes. On the morning of May 14 a balloon burst after 32 minutes' flight, one balloon burst before ascent and another after 2 minutes' flight.
Upper air temperatures were secured by Flying Officer N. Young, R.A.F. and the late Lieut. M.A. Maude R.N. on May 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15.
Eclipse of the Sun.-The total Solar Eclipse of 1926, January 14 was observed at Hong Kong as a partial eclipse.
The sky was cloudless until 16h. 30m, when thin clouds gathered. The first contact occurred at 14h. 59m. 37s. (120th Meridian time) and the last contact (observed through thin. cloud) occurred at 16h. 58m. 17s. The magnitude of the eclipse was 0.43.
One of the spots in the centre group of 2 spots was eclipsed at 15h. 45m. 07s. and emerged at 16h. 36m. 36s. The other was eclipsed at 15h. 59m. 40s. Its emergence was not observed.
The observations were made with a 3-inch comet seeker by projecting a 4-inch image of the sun on to a screen. The last contact, however, owing to cloud, was observed in the telescope with a sun glass.
The diagram at the end of the report, constructed from eye observations made every minute, shows the variations of mag- netic declination during the eclipse. No effect on the tempera- ture or pressure of the air could be detected on the autographic records.
The diminution of light was only very faintly perceptible.
International Longitude Determination.-In October the vernier time signals sent out at 0001-0006 G.M.T. from Nauen were observed by ear on 27 days and those sent out at 0801-0806 G.M.T. from Bordeaux were observed on 16 days.
The 0340-0345 G.M.T. vernier time signals from Honolulu were heard on 13 days, but atmospheric conditions at that time were invariably adverse to satisfactory reception. Signals from Manila were observed on 5 days.
The Time
From the 6th to the 17th of October, owing to a partial failure of an electric contract, the performance of the sidereal clock, Cottingham & Mercer, was poor.
In November the Nauen and Bordeaux signals were observed on 25 and 17 days respectively. The Honolulu signals were observed on 7 days and the Manila signals on 2 days. During this month, except for a cloudy period between November 14 to November 21, the determinations of local time were good.
F 18
Definite corrections to the received signals are not yet available, so that no further pronouncement on the question of the longitude of the transit instrument can be made at present.
Additional Site for Non-Local Typhoon Signals.-The new Peninsula Hotel having obscured the view of the Time Ball and Non-Local Typhoon Signals from certain parts of the Harbour, arrangements were made with the Hong Kong and Kowloon Wharf and Godown Co. to repeat the non-local typhoon signals on the roof of No. 49 Godown. The service will come into opera- tion after 1st March, 1927.
The question of raising the existing Time Ball Tower is under consideration.
Record Room.--The Old Time Ball Tower in the grounds of the Water Police Station, which had for many years been used as a Record Room was handed over to the Police in May, in exchange for a room in the Police Station.
Visitors. A party of 20 undergraduates from the Hong Kong University visited the Observatory on April 21, and two parties of 25 boys from the Union Middle School, Canton, on October 25 and 26. Also a party of 20 Y.W.C.A. girls on November 10.
On November 23, Professor Woodman of New York Univer- sity, in charge of 400 undergraduates on an eight months' cruise on board the S.S. Ryndham came to the Observatory to obtain information on the Climate of Hong Kong for educational pur- poses. He was presented with the following publications.
"The Climate of Hong Kong"
"The Winds of Hong Kong"
and Daily Weather Maps of the Far East for July to
September 1926.
Father E. Gherzi S.J. of the Zikawei Observatory visited the Observatory on June 9 and 10, to compare his barometer with the Observatory Standard and to discuss meteorological matters generally. He was on ડૉ. tour of inspection of meteorological stations belonging to the Chinese Maritime Customs.
Mr. Santiago Ribot of the Observatoria Fabra, Barcelona, visited the Observatory on October 9 and the Rev: Dr. E. F. Pigol S.J., director of the River View College Observatory, Sydney, on December 11.
Father Miguel Selga S.J., the successor to Father Algué as director of the Philippines Weather Bureau, visited the Obser- vatory on his way to the Pan Pacific Conference at Tokio. We discussed meteorological matters in general, and the adoption by the Japanese Authorities of the Hong Kong telegraphic code in particular. Father Selga again visited the Observatory on his return from the Conference and informed me that as Dr. Okada, the director of the Tokio Observatory, was in Europe the ques- tion of adopting the Hong Kong telegraphic code would have to remain in abeyance until his return. Dr. Okada, with Dr. Fujiwhara, came to see me on his return from Europe and promised to consider the matter,
F 19
Staff. No change occurred in the European or Local Staff during the year. Mr. C.W. Jeffries, Chief Assistant, was on leave of absence from March 6 to 1927, January 7. During this period Mr. B. D. Evans acted as Chief Assistant. Mr. Evans was on sick leave from July 24 to 27 and from December 12 to January 18, 1927.
Lau Pak Wah acted as Clerical Assistant during the absence on leave of Badan Singh from October 1, 1925, to June 14th, 1926.
Expenditure-The annual expenditure on the Observatory
for the past ten years is as follows.-
Year.
Total Expenditure.
Increase.
Decrease.
$
C.
e.
C.
1917
26,890.50
4,192.72
1918
20,028.24
6,862.26
1919
23,450.57
3,422.33
1920
25,965.66
2,515.09
1921
32,700.51
6,734.85
1922
38,350.10
5,649.59
1923
38,522.58
1924
52,638.49
172.48 14,115.91
......
1925
41,955-51
10,682.98
1926
Acknowledgements.-Acknowledgements are here made to the Naval Authorities for their co-operation in securing daily observations from H.M. Ships and upper air temperatures by means of sea planes; particularly to Commander S.E. Thomas R.N., Flying Officer N. Young, R.A.F., Lieut. M.A. Maude R.N. (deceased) and Lieut. H.M.A. Day R.M., to the Directors of Weather Services in the Far East, and the Chinese Maritime Customs authorities, for daily observations and..extra observa- tions during typhoon weather, to the Telegraph Companies for transmitting the majority of the observations free of charge, to the Commanders of vessels who have furnished meteorological observations by post and by radio telegraphy, to the Directors of the various Observatories and Institutions, and private per- sons, who have presented their publications to the Library, and to the Observatory staff for the efficient manner in which they have carried out their respective duties.
17th February, 1927,
T. F. CLAXTON,
Director.
Appendix G.
REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR OF THE SUPREME COURT FOR THE YEAR 1926.
1.-ORIGINAL JURISDICTION.
Five hundred and fifteen (515) actions were instituted in this division of the Court during the year 1926, as against 650 in 1925. Two hundred and eighty three (283) were disposed of during the year and 95 were settled or withdrawn before trial as against 263 and 104 respectively in 1925.
The claims amounted to $7,383,659.55 (not including nine amounts in foreign currency
to the
the approximate value of $214,881.00).
The debts and damages recovered, including amounts converted from foreign currencies into Hong Kong dollars, amounted to $4,459,824.74 as against $2,358,349.51.
The fees collected amounted to $20,605.75 as against $22.931.70 in 1925.
Tables setting out in detail the figures contained in this and the following paragraphs are printed at pages 01, 02, Y2 and Y3 of the Blue Book for the year 1926.
2.-SUMMARY JURISDICTION.
Two thousand nine hundred and one (2,901) actions were instituted during the year as against 3,171 in 1925.
or
The cases were disposed of as follows:-Settled withdrawn 867, Judgment for the Plaintiff 1,342, Judgment for the Defendant 71, Nonsuit 18, Struck off, Dismissed, or Lapsed 54 and Pending 549; as against 950, 1,328, 48, 25, 72 and 748 respectively in 1925.
The claims amounted to $728,417.75 as against $784,383.51 in 1925, and the amounts recovered were $353,745.39 as against $353,052.31 in 1925.
The number of Rent Distress Warrants issued was 1,623 representing unpaid rents amounting to $437,268.48, of which $128,283.06 were recovered, as against 1,644, $311,361.95 and $77,138.04 respectively in 1925.
G 2
One thousand and sixty (1,060). Warrants were withdrawn on settlement between the parties as against 950 in 1925.
The fees collected amounted to $28,253.60 as against $29,302.25 in 1925.
3. CRIMINAL JURISDICTION.
There were 73 cases and 118 persons committed for trial at the Criminal Sessions, as against 148 and 190 respectively in 1925.
The number of the persons actually indicted was 118 of whom 74 were convicted and 18 were acquitted. Against 25 persons the case was abandoned. One person was found insane. In 1925 the figures were respectively 190, 141, 32 and 16.
4.-APPELLATE JURISDICTION.
Eleven Appeals were lodged during the year.
Of the Eleven, one was dismissed, two were granted, two are pending and the remaining six were withdrawn or settled.
5.-ADMIRALTY JURISDICTION,
Thirteen actions were instituted during the year.
Two were tried, nine were settled and the others are pending.
The fees collected amounted to $612.25 as against $1,876.65 in 1925.
6.
BANKRUPTCY JURISDICTION.
Fifty six (56) petitions were filed, 35 being creditors' petitions and 21 debtors' petitions. The figures for 1925 were respectively 45, 20 and 25.
The number of Receiving Orders made was 37, being 26 on creditors' petitions and 11 on debtors' petitions. The figures for 1925 were respectively 26, 10, 16.
The number of Public Examinations held was 19 as against 2 in 1925. There were 37 Adjudications as against 10 in 1925.
There were 3 Schemes of Arrangement.
one bankrupt obtained
Two petitions were withdrawn,
obtained his discharge, 1 Receiving Order was rescinded, 16 petitions were dismissed, and no adjudication annulled.
G .3
The estimated assets, in cases where Receiving Orders were made and not subsequently rescinded, were $644,739.00 and the estimated liabilities $1,058,303.54 and $3,196,166.54 respectively in 1925.
$1,645,327.00 as
against
against
The fees collected amounted to $5,103.75 as $2,675.20 in 1925 and the Official Receiver's Commission as Trustee, where no Trustee had been appointed by the Creditors, was $7,837,43 as against $3,373.58 in 1925.
7.-PROBATE AND ADMINISTRATION.
Two hundred and seventy three (273) grants were made by the Court being:-
Probate
120
Letters of Administration
152
Declarations for Commissioner
1
273
The figures in 1925 were respectively 124, 116 and 3, total 243.
Court fees amounted to $22,225.15 and Official Adminis- trator's Commission to $3,119.99. The figures in 1925 were respectively $33,956.95 and $1,736.83.
There were 139 Estates vested in or administered by the Official Administrator during the year, representing an aggregate value of $103,962.31. The figures for 1925 were respectively, 122 and $124,616.47.
Twenty seven (27) Estates were wound up during the year of the total value of $38,987.61 as against 26 in 1925 of the total value of $16,046.21.
Forty four (44) new accounts were opened during the year amounting to $18,333.45.
8.-OFFICIAL TRUSTS.
·
The number of Trust Estates in the hands of the Official Trustee at the end of 1926 was 21 with Trust Funds amounting to $84,427.62. In 1925 it was 20. No trust was wound up during the year, and one new trust was opened.
The amount of commission collected was $81.34 as against $107.89 in 1925.
__
4

9.-REGISTRAR OF COMPANIES.
On the 31st December there were 497 companies on the Hong Kong Register, of which 38 were in course of liquidation. During the year 38 new companies were put on the Register and 44 struck off. One company was transferred from Shanghai to the Hong Kong Register and no company from Hong Kong to the Shanghai Register.
The
fees collected in respect of "China" companies amounted to $122,479,13, and those in respect of other companies to $11,305.00.
One firm was registered under the Chinese Limited Partnership Ordinance, 1911, and no firm under the Limited Partnership Ordinance, No. 18 of 1912, was registered.
Deposits of the total value of $3,935,000 have been made by Insurance Companies under the Fire and Marine Insurance Companies Deposit Ordinance, 1917.
10.-FEES AND COMMISSION,
The total sum collected during the year by way of fees and commission amounted to $117.252.61 as against $121,606.21 in the previous year,
11.-STAFF.
Mr. J. V. Dodd was appointed Interpreter as from 1st January.
HUGH A. NISBET,
Registrar, Supreme Court.
26th July, 1927.
Table showing total number of Cases dealt with and Expenditure and Revenue of the Supreme Court.
(From 1916 to 1926).
G 5
Total
Expenditure
Revenue
Number
Year.
of cases
dealt with
Percentage of Revenue
to
Total
Increase
Decrease
Total
Increase
Decrease Expenditure
$
$ C. $ C.
$
$
%
1916.
753
105,252.44
5,415.24*56,719.68
6,662.95
53.88
1917.
764
99,662.88
5,589.56 *48,334.81
8,384,81
48.48
1918.
931
98,281.40
1,381.48
*68,032.72
19,697.91
69.22
1919.
982
98,844.23
562.83
*61,305.87
6,726.85
62.02
1920.
872 113,082.79
14,238.56
*55,957.31
5,348.56
49.48
1921
851 118,782.72
5,699.93
*58,830.97
2,873.66
49.52
1922
827 126,424.34
7,641.62
*60,448.59
1,617.62
47.83
1923
962 128,838.62
2,414.28
*69,955.20
9,506.61
54.29
1924
1,549 136,136.69
7,298.07
*89,624.99
19,669.79
65.83
1925.
1,908 150,698.14
14,561.45
*121,606.20
31,981.21
80.70
1926.
3,416 133,680.40
17,017.74 *117,252.61
4,353.59
87.71
*Not including amounts paid direct to Treasury for fees in respect of Licences to keep Local Registers and China Companies Fees by the Registrar of Companies under the Companies Ordinances, 1911 and 1925,
Appendix H.
REPORT OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS
FOR THE YEAR 1926.
(Victoria)
Mr. R. E. Lindsell acted as First Police Magistrate and Coroner from the 1st January to the end of the year.
Major C. Willson, O.B.E. acted as Second Police Magistrate from the 1st January to 19th December in addition to his duties as First Clerk.
Mr. W. Schofield acted as Second Police Magistrate from 20th December to the end of the year.
(Kowloon)
Mr. E. W. Hamilton acted as Police Magistrate Kowloon from the 1st January to 17th March.
Mr. J. H. B. Nihill acted as Police Magistrate Kowloon from 18th March to 10th November.
Mr. T. W. Ainsworth acted as Police Magistrate Kowloon from 11th November to the end of the year.
Mr. W. J. L. Smith who acted as First Clerk and Magistrate from the beginning of the year, proceeded on leave on 3rd April.
Mr. W. F. Kerr acted as First Clerk from 23rd March to the end of the year.
The number of cases was 30,516 as compared with 25,989 in 1925 and the revenue was $233,529.18 as compared with $211,227.43 in 1925.
Table I shows the total number of cases tried and the Revenue and Expenditure of the Magistracy for the years 1917- 1926.
Table II gives a return of punishments awarded in respect of different classes of offences during the year.
Table III gives an abstract of cases under cognizance of the Police Magistrates' Courts during the year.
Table IV shows the number of offences under various Ordinances tried during the year.
Table V gives an abstract of cases brought under cognizance of the Police Magistrates' Courts during the last ten years.
R. E. LINDSELL,
First Police Magistrate.
12th April, 1927.
11
Table I.
Table showing total Number of Cases tried in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the Magistracy for the years 1917 to 1926.
REVENUE.
EXPENDITURE.
YEAR.
Total.
Increase.
Decrease.
Total.
Increase.
Decrease.
Total
Number
of Cases
tried.
Percentage of Ex-
penditure to Revenue.
H 2 -
$
$
CA
%
1917.
38,510.07*
3,132.36 | 75,391.17*|
34,273.65
11,922
51.08
1918.
40,804.18* 2,294.11
69,603.39*
5,787.78
10,051
58.62
1919
40,774.23*
29.95
1920.
45,539.94*
4,765.71
1921.
21,867.02*
90,851.36*| 21,247.97 103,132.51* 12,281 15 23,672.92 149,195.72*| 46,063.21
12,998
44.77
15,304
44.15
17,374
14 65
1922.
24,694.01* 2,827.02
159,928.50* 10,832.68
18,221
15.44
1923.
24,532.48*
161.56 184,926.15* 24 998.65
21,811
13.27
1924.
30,069.20* 5,536.72
261,372.23* 76,446.08
27,877
11.50
1925
1926.
36,520.85* 6,451.65 15,665.69*
211,227.43*
50,144.80
25,989
17.29
...
20,855.16 (233,529.18* 22,301.75
30,516
6.71
* Cases tried in New Territories Courts not included.
A
H3
Table II.
HONG KONG, KOWLOON AND NEW TERRITORIES.
RETURN of PUNISHMENTS awarded in respect of CERTAIN CLASSES of OFFENCES, during the Year.
PUNISHMENTS.
Offences against property other
Description.
Number of
each kind
inflicted.
Assaults
and other
offences
against
the
person.
Malicious
injuries to
property.
Gam-
than malicious
bling.
injuries to pro- perty or predial larceny.
Offences against Revenue Acts, Highway Acts, Health Acts, and
other Acts relating to the social economy of the colony.
Offences against
Masters and
Servants Acts,
Other
including Acts
offen-
relating to
ces.
indentured
coolies.
...
...
Fines,
27,618
- 219
1,408
110
5,339
10
20,527
Imprisonment in lieu
of fine or security,
618
29
30
60
112
387
Peremptory Imprison.
ment,
4,136
100

58
1,265
1,684
1
1,019
Whipping,
343
:
118
33
180
...
:
:.
...
49

33,179
550
15
1,505
1,602
7,170
Juvenile Prison,
:
:
Exposed in Stocks,
...
Sentenced to House of
Detention,
24
Bound over with or without Sureties,
440
198
......
TOTAL,.
}
:
A
:
24
187
13
22,324
7
CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENCES.
TOTAL NUMBER
OF CASES.
TOTAL NUMBER OF PRISONERS.
Convicted and Punished.
Discharged.
Committed for Trial
at the Supreme Court.
Committed to Prison or Detained pending Orders of H.E. the Governor.
To keep the
Peace.
一甘
4
Table III.
ABSTRACT of Cases under Cognizance of the POLICE MAGIStrates' CourTS during the Year 1926.
CASES, HOW DISPOSED OF, AND THE NUMBER OF MALE AND FEMALE PRISONERS UNDER EACH HEAD.
Ordered to find Security.
WRITS ISSUED BY THE POLICE MAGISTRATES
DURING THE YEAR.
Warrants.
Assaults and
other offences)
against the person, Malicious injuries to property, Gambling,
Offences against property other
than malicious injuries to property or predial larceny, Offences against Revenue Acts, Highway Acts, Health Acts, and other Acts, relating to the social economy of the Colony, Offences against Opium Ordin- ance No. 30 of 1923, Offences against Masters and ServantsActs, including Acts, relating to indentured coo- lies,......... Other offences,
M.
}.
M.
F. M. F.
M.
F.
701 576
249
151 64
5
18
22
25
13
1
8
2
607| 1,664 1,478
26
158
1
:
1,828 1,977 1,456
82
325 18 47
:..
:
2,057 | 2,070 | 1,774
203 $3
8
...
4,729 7,806 6,367 122 1,291
16
19
11
co
13
1
:
20,681 22,716 20,012 1001 1,398 104
Total,
30,516 36,978 31,360 1379 3,540 | 149
:
15
8888
83
:
:
:
...
:
:
:.
:
:|:
77 10
...
:
:
:
2
To be of Good Behaviour.
To answer
any Charge.
Witnesses punished
for preferring False
Charge or giving wilful False Testimony.
Undecided.
Total Number of Prisoners.
Summons for Defendants.
Summons for Witnesses.
Notices of Re-hearing.
Arrest.
Distress.
Search.
For entering
Gambling Houses.
Magistrates' Örders.
TOTAL.
M. F.
2
91 21
M. F.
97
2
3
M. F
M. F.
M. F.
M.
F.
609
$29,209 56
4 201 27 443
379
48 7,464
...
...
...
...
...
...

: : :
24
1
...
27 1,637
2
9
23
2 13
...
...
...
:
...
1,852
125
N
2
9
1
T:
:.
171 31 112
25 120
8
5 93
* Consisting of Offenders not sentenced to Imprisonment.
:
:
...
:
:
:
:
:
37
:
:
:
86
* TOTAL MALES AND FEMALES,
:
:
2,061
91
7,670
136
19
21,682 1,120
123
|35,509 | 1,592 | 9,209 56
37,101
4 201 27 443
379
487,464
OFFENCES.
Table IV.
POLICE COURTS.
LIST of OFFENOES TRIED during the year 1926,
No. of
CASES.
NO. OF
PRI-
SONERS.
OFFENCES.
No. of
CASES.
No. of
PRI-
SONERS.
- H 5
Brought forward,.
202
210
Accessories and Abettors Ordinance-3 of 1865 Advertisement Regulation Ordinance-19 of 1922 Arms and Ammunition Ordinance-2 of 1900,- . Contraventions of `....
5 Common Law Offences
92
88
10
10 Copyright Ordinance-11 of 1918
Coroners Abolition Ordinanco-5 of 1888.
166
173 Criminal Intimidation Ordinance-13 of 1920
24
45
Asiatic Emigration Ordinance-30 of 1915
2
Bankruptcy Ordinance-7 of 1891
2 Criminal Procedure Ordinance—9 of 1899. 2 Dangerous Goods Ordinance-1 of 1873,---
Contraventions of Regulations made thereunder..
60
71
Births and Deaths Registration Ordinance-7 of 1896,—
Dangerous Drugs Ordinance-22 of 1923
3
Contraventions of
2
Deportation Ordinance-25 of 1917
121
128
Boarding House Ordinance-23 of 1917
Dogs Ordinance-5 of 1893,-
Coinage Offences Ordinance-7 of 1865,-
Offences relating to the King's gold and silver coin,
(Fections 3-12)
(
13-14)
55
(
1.
15-20)
Carried forward,..
3
3
202
210
218
Contraventions of
Emergency Regulations Ordinance—5 of 1922.
1 Employers and Servants Ordinance-45 of 1902,- Proceedings under
401
396
12 13
Carried forward
11
12
932
971
*
.
#
OFFENCES.
Table IV,-Continued.
LIST of OFFENCES, ETC.,-Continued.
NUMBER No. of
OF
CASES.
PRI-
SONERS.
OFFENCES.
NUMBER No. or
OF
PRI-
CASES. SONERS.
Brought forward,...
932
971
Brought forward,.
2,682 3,830
Extradition Ordinance-5 of 1875
1 1 Larceny Ordinance.-Contd.
Forgery Ordinance-11 of 1922,~-~
19
Uttering forged bank notes, (Sections 8-10)
11
9
Larceny of cattle and other animals, (Sections 9-17).. of things attached to or growing on land, (Sections 22-28)
13
283
316
Forgery Ordinance--4 of 1865 (Sections 2-3).
27
27
Larceny from the person and similar Offences, (Sections 29-37)
178
200
Fugitive Offenders Act., 1881
2
2
Gambling Ordinance-2 of 1891,-
"}
Contraventions of and Offences under
607 1,664
"}
Gunpowder and Fireworks Ordinance-14 of 1901,- Contraventions of and Offences under
7
Importation and Exportation Ordinance-12 of 1922
164
183
Interpretation Ordinance-31 of 1911
2
2
Indecent Exhibition Ordinance-3 of 1918
11
Sacrilege, Burglary, and house breaking, (Sections 38-47)
Larceny in dwelling houses, (Sections 48-49),
in ships, Wharves, &c., (“ections 50-53) or embezzlement by clerks, servants, &c., (Sections 51-60)
Frauds by bankers, agents, &c., (Sections 62—74) Obtaining property by false pretences, (Sec. 75-78)... Receiving stolen property, (Sections 79-87)
Apprehension of Offender's and other proceeding, (Section 91-97)
9 Licensing Ordinance--8 of 1887,—
Contraventions of and Offences under
53
155 186
H 6 —
1.000 2848
** 2*33
23
Larceny Ordinance-5 of 1865,-
Larceny by Bailee (Section 4) Simple Larceny
909
608
9
946
Carried forward,
2,682 3,830
·
}}
of Regulations made thereunder
Live Stock Import and Export Regulation Ordinance- 15 of 1903
Carried forward
3.583 3,526 1,561 1,566
3
3
8,739 | 9,947

OFFENCES.
Brought forward,
Table IV,-Continued.
LIST of OFFENCES, ETC.,-Continued.
NUMBER No. of
OF
PRI-
CASES. SONERS.
Liquor Licence Ordinance-9 of 1911,-
Contraventions of and Offences under Part I,
(Sections 3-40)
Part II, (Sections 41-73)
OFFENCES.
NUMBER
No. of
OF
CASES. SONERS.
PRI-
8,7399,947
Brought forward
11,229 13,744
Merchandise Marks Ordinance-4 of 1890,- Contraventions of and Offences under
5
5
13
823
66
2
Misdemeanour Punishment Ordinance-1 of 1898,- Offences under
133
133
14
New Territories (Regulations) Ordinance -8 of 1899
3
****
17
III, (*
".
74-96)
17
Magistrates Ordinance-3 of 1890,—
Offences under
...
Malicious Damage Ordinance-6 of 1865 ·
Li juries by sea or River banks etc., (Sec. 25—26) Miscellaneous injuries, (Sections 42-44)
2,328 | 3,606 | Offences against the person Ordinance-2 of 1865,- Homicide, (Sections 2-9)
20
Attempt to Murder (Sections 10-14)
1
20
Acts causing or tending to cause danger to life, &c., (Sections 16-31) ·
23
Assaults, (Sections 32-43)
432
Marine Store Protection Ordinance-13 of 1919
Marrried Women (Maintenance in case of desertion)
Ordinance-10 of 1905,-
Proceedings under
16
16
Forcible taking or detention of persons, (Sections
44-45)
11
H 7-
སྨིཾཡ དྷཱིཙྪཱ མོ
543
22
20
Bigamy (Section 46)
I
Abominable Offences (Sections 50-54)
1
1
Opium Ordinance-30 of 1923,–
Merchant Shipping Ordinance-10 of 1899,-
Contraventions of and Offences under Part VI,
(Sections 21-30).
Contraventions of Regulations made thereunder
Contraventions of, Part I, (Sections 1-3).
1
1
""
21
24
II,
III,
"}
>>
"}
4-8)
9--20)
111
163
4,6137,638
16
39
>>
"
IV, (
21-43)
4
Carried forward,
11,229 13,744
Carried forward,
16,591 || 22,309
1
OFFENCES.
Table IV,-Continued.
LIST of OFFENCES, ETC.,-Continued.
No. of
CASES.
NO OF
PRI-
SONERS.
OFFENCES.
No. of
CASES,
No. of
PRI-
SONEUS.
¿
H 8-
Contraventions of .........
Plant Ordinance-11 of 1920
Pharmacy Ordinance-9 of 1916
Brought forward,
16,591 22,309
Brought forward,
16,780 22,505
Pawn Brokers Ordinance-1 of 1860,—
Public Health and Buildings Ordinance-1 of 1903,— Contraventions of Part I, (Sections 1-7)
4
38
42
13
"}
1
1
}}
""
II, (
III. (
VI, (
8-95)
584
579
អរ
96-235)
51
55
255-264)
29
29
Failure to comply with B. A. Notice
41
41
2
S. B.
549
544
وو
"
}}
Police Force Ordinance-11 of 1900,-
Offences under
Prevention of Crimes Ordinance-4 of 1887
Post Office Ordinance-6 of 1900,—
Contraventions of and Offences under
Printers and Publishers Ordinance-4 of 1886
Prison Ordinance-4 of 1899,—
Offences under
Offences under
Protection of Women and Girls Ordinance-4 of 1897,—
Carried forward,.
Public Places Regulation Ordinance-2 of 1870,— Contraventions of Regulations made thereunder
Registration of Persons Ordinance-35 of 1923...
Regulation of Chinese Ordinance~3 of 1888,- Offences under Part V, (Sections 22-28). 50-51)
Rent Ordinance-S of 1923
Rogue and Vagabond 5 Geo. IV, c. 83
Sale of Food and Drug Ordinance-8 of 1896,
87 Seditious Publication Ordinance-6 of 1914. |16,780 |22,505
Carried forward,
6
6
56
56
Perjury Ordinance-21 of 1922
1
15
"}
VII, (
31
1
84
143
143
1
1
1
18
24
8
5
18,233 23,965
OFFENCES.
Table IV,-Continued.
List of Offences, etc.,—Continued.
No. or
CASES.
NO. OF
PRI-
BONERS.
OFFENCES.
No. of
CASES.
No. of
PRI-
SONERS.
H 9-
Brought forward...
18,233 23,965
Brought forward.
23,067 | 29,351
Servant Quarters Ordinance-11 of 1903,—
Offences under ..................
Summary Offences Amendment--10 of 1924
2
7
Tobacco Ordinance-10 of 1916
61
64
Small tenements Recovery Ordinance-10 of 1897
1 Tramways Ordinance-10 of 1902,--
Societies Ordinance-8 of 1920.
14
Contraventions of Offences under.......................................................
18
18
Stamp Ordinance-8 of 1921,-
Vagrancy Ordinance-9 of 1897,—
Offences under
99
99
Proceedings under
45
48
***
Stamp duties management Ordinance-35 of 1911.
9
ទូ
Vehicles and Traffic Regulation Ordinance--40 of 1912,-
Stowaways Ordinance-5 of 1903,—
Offences under
22 49
Summary Offences Ordinance-1 of 1845,—
Nuisances, Trespasses and Similar Offences, (Sections 3-21)
Offences against good order, (Sections 22-35) Possession of stolen goods, (Sections 36-41)
Proceedings under Miscellaneous Provisions, (Sections
42-51)
Contraventions of Regulations made thereunder
Water Works Ordinance-16 of 1903,- Offences under
and Offences
"
6,937 7,096
382
373
"}
10
10
4,108 4,402
Weights and Measures Ordinance-2 of 1885,- Contraventions of and Offences under
12
12
299 500
290 304
Wild Birds and game preservation Ord.-6 of 1885
1
1
Undecided Cares
128
Carried forward,
|23,067 29,351
TOTAL,
|80,639 107,101
日:10
Table V.
4.- ABSTRACT of CASES brought under COGNIZANCE of the POLICE MAGISTRATES' Courts during a period of ten years 1917-1926.
CASES, HOW DISPOSED OF, AND THE NUMBER OF MALE AND FEMALE PRISONERS UNDER EACH HEAD.
Total Year number
of
cases.
Convicted and punished.
Ordered to find security
To keep the
Discharged.
Commit- ted for trial at
Committed to prison or detained pending or-
der of His
Supreme Court.
Excellency
the
Governor.
2
3
M.
F.
M.
AR
6
7
F. M. F.
***
Escaped before
being
brought
for trial at
absconded.
Did not appear and
peace, to be of
good beha- viour, and to answer any charge.
Escaped.
the Ma- gistracy.
Punished for preferring false charge
Undecided.
Total number
or giving false testimony.
of defendants.
00
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
16
17
M.
F.
M. | F. M.
M.
F.M.
M.
F.
**
18
19
20
21
M. F.
M.
F.
:.
:..
:
:
:
:
1917,
11,922
11,727
441
2,168
92119
3
co
6
248
34
1
1918,
...
9,805
9,359
373
1,947
127 117 10
197
41
:
1919,
...12,961 13,788
364
1,662
108 146
2
2
76
t-
1920,
15,267
15,520
517
1,541
119 136.5
4
143
19
...
1921,
17,374
18,726
695-
2,247
151
85
8
5
173
5
:
Total: 67,329 69,120 2,300
9,565
597 603 28 17
837 106
1
Average
per 13,465.8 13,824 478
1,913 | 119-4 [120.6) 5-6
3'4
167-4 21-2
Year.
:
:
:
1922,..
1923,
18,535 18,338
21,720
614
2,018
76 198
22,975 356
3,190
72 246
1924, ... 27,724
28,708 859
5,154
172 171
දීප
6
25,790
1925,
1926,... 30,516 | 31,360 1,379
25,896 | 1,595
4,099
242 178
19
2
3,540
149 83
246
30
264
17
376 38
:
to
1
1
CI
:
42
14,311
570
49
....
11,665
545
39
N
13,673
475
35
2
17,380
665
38
10
5
21,275
864
D:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
323 23
403 64
:
:
Total, 124,285 127,277 4,803 18,001
711 876
1,612 172
Average
per Year,
24,857 25,455-4960.6
3,600.2 | 142-2 |175-2 1-6
:
322.4 34.4
Grand
Total
for the
191,614 | 196,397 | 7,193
27,566 1,308 1,479 36
17
2,449 278
10 Years,
Average)
per
19,1614 19,639.7 719-3 2,756 6 130.8 147.9 36
1.7
:
244.9 27-6
Year,
T
:
203
9
78,304 3,119
40.6
1-8 15,660.8 (623.8
:
35
22 183
98
N
10
20,835
722
5
26,773
450
176
15
34,585 1,090
200
2
30,696 1,864
123
35,509 1,592
632
24
148,398 5,718
•1
.2
...
126-4
4.8
29,679-61,143.6
:
835
33
226,702 8,837
83.5
3.3
22,670-2 | 883-7
1923.
1924.
1925.
1926,
SUPREME COURT AND MAGISTRACY.
COMPARATIVE TABLE showing the Number of Offences, Apprehensions, Convictions, and Acquittals for the last Four Years.
- H 11
Number of persons apprehended by the Police or summoned before
the Police Magistrates,
27,123
35,484
32,358
36,978
The number of summary convictions
1. For Offences against the person
264
411
330
313
2. Gambling
1,754
1,958
1,921
1,504
3. For Offences against the property other than predial larceny
1,368
2,013
1,500
1,552
4. For other Offences
11,818
18,728
17,847
22,881
5. For Opium Offences.....
3,218
6,457
5,895
6,489
The Number of persons acquitted in the Inferior Courts
3,262
5,326
4,339
3,689
-
Appendix I
REPORT OF THE LAND OFFICER FOR THE YEAR 1926.
1. REGISTRATION.
There was a slight increase in the number of deeds registered in the Land Office during the year 1926 compared with the preceding year.
and
During the year 1926 four thousand three hundred and sixty (4,360) deeds and documents were registered under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1844 affecting six thousand one hundred and sixty five (6,165) lots or sections of lots. The total consideration on sales mortgages surrenders miscellaneous land transactions amounted to $115,045,589.39 particulars whereof are shewn in Table I. The total number of documents registered in the Land Office under the provisions of the above mentioned Ordinance to the end of the year 1926 was 103,700. The number of deeds registered each year during the last ten years is shewn in Table 111.
2.-GRANTS OF LAND.
The total area of land granted on lease during the year under review was 1,386 Acres 3 Roods and 1 poles of which 209 Acres 0 Roods & poles were dealt with by the District Officers. The total area resumed exceeded the area granted by 678 Acres 3 Roods and I's poles. This excess is due to the surrender of the leases of two large Mining Lots for which Mining Licences were granted in lieu of Crown Leases. Particulars of grants surrenders and resumptions during the year 1926 are shewn on pages W 1 and 2 of the Blue Book for that year.
3.-SURRENDERS.
One hundred and nine deeds of surrender relating to lots. or portions of lots required for various public purposes were prepared and registered in the Land Office. A great number of these relate to the Village of Tokwawan which has been almost entirely resumed to make way for new streets. Sums amount- ing to over three hundred and fifty thousand dollars have passed through the hands of the Land Officer and been paid out by way of compensation.
4.-GRANTS OF CROWN LEASES.
Two hundred and fifty Crown Leases were granted during the year. The number of leases granted each year during the last ten years is shewn in Table III.
**
I 2
5.-FEES.
The total amount of
of fees collected during the year (Exclusive of the New Territories) amounted to $77,861 being $2,804.25 more than the preceding year. Land Registration fees in the New Territories amounted to $4,453.55 and Crown Lease fees to $60. Table IV shews the amount of fees collected under the different heads during the past ten years.
6. STAMP DUTY.
The Stamp Duty paid on registered documents exclusive of Probates and Letters of Administration amounted to $384,062.70. Stamp Duty on Probates and Letters of Ad- ministration registered amounted to $1,830,393.95.
7.-CROWN RENT ROLLS.
The Crown Rent Roll for Hong Kong and Kowloon and the Village Crown Rent Roll were revised during the year. The total number of lots on the Hong Kong and Kowloon roll was 5,436 an increase of 258 on the preceding year. Crown Rent amounted to $567,205.49, a decrease of $2,916.90 owing to surrenders Re-entries and Resumptions.
The total number of lots on the Village Rent Roll was 3,378, a decrease of 133 on the preceding year and the total Crown Rent in this Roll was $1,982.55 as compared with $2,242.90 in the preceding year, a decrease of $260.35.
8. DOCUMENTS.
Eleven hundred and fifty eight documents were prepared in the Land Office during the year viz:
(a) Two hundred and fifty Crown Leases and Counter-
parts.
(b) One hundred and ninety seven Memorials for the registration of Undertakings relating to Verandahs and Balconies over Crown Land.
(c) One hundred and nine deeds of Surrender in connection with resumptions for public purposes and improvements.
(d) Thirty three deeds of Covenant relating to Scavenging
Lanes.
(e) Seventy one Agreements for lease or exchange.
(f) Seventy two Memorials of Re-entry.
(g) One
hundred and seventy six miscellaneous
documents.
Raja k
I 3
9.-NAVAL AND MILITARY LANDS.
There were no transactions relating to land belonging to the Admiralty.
Fly point Battery and the remaining portion of Elliot Battery were surrendered to the Colonial Government as a gift to the University and subsequently leased to that institution.
Garden Road was widened by taking in portions of the compounds adjoining Murray Barracks and the Detention Barracks. Memoranda recording
recording these transactions were prepared and registered in the Land Office.
10. STAFF.
Mr. W. J. Lockhart-Smith and Mr. Lee Shu Sun VIB. Clerk joined the Staff in December and November respectively. There were
no other changes in the Staff during the year. Lt. Col. F. Eaves was absent on vacation leave from 24 June to 29 September, Mr. W. S. Whyte-Smith acting as Assistant Land Officer during this period.
15th March, 1927.
PHILIP JACKS.
Land Officer.
1
2
Piers
Marine
Ι 4
Table I.
Particulars of Deeds and Documents registered in the
1
Land Office during the year 1926.
No. of Lots
Description of
Documents.
Number registered.
or portions
of Lots affected.
Total Consideration.
$
C.
Assignments
1,001
1,210
30,039,226.53
Mortgages and Transfer
of Mortgages
1,305
1,919
45,242,966.17
Reassignments and Satis-
faction
1,214
1,601
35,948,342.40
Surrenders
175
222
139,136.27
Judgments and Orders of
Court
78
270
1,327,368:62
Probates and Letters of
Administration
......
112
282
Miscellaneous Documents.
475
661
1,830,393.95 518,155.45
Total
4,360
6,165 115,045,589.39
Table II.
Particulars of Crown Leases granted during the year 1926.
Hong Kong.
Kowloon.
New
Total.
Kowloon.
Inland
Rural Building
Garden
Quarry Bay Inland
Shaukiwan Inland
Aplichau Marine
Aplichau Inland
Pier
Marine
Inland
Inland
Dairy Farm
Tsun Wan Inland
1 1 46 21 2 1 13
3 2. 4 63 89
1
250
M
:
*
'
1.5
Table III.
Number of Deeds registered and Crown Leases granted during the years 1917 to 1926.
Year.
Deeds registered.
Crown Leases granted.
1917
2,825
135
1918
2,922
117
1919
3,021
114
1920
3,045
74
į
1921
4,466
84
1922
4,146
207
1923
6,837
209
1924
6,000
90
1925
4,226
178
1926
4,360
250
1
Table IV.
Fees collected during the years 1917 to 1926.
Registration of
Year.
Deeds.
Searches and Copies of Docu- ments.
Grants
of Leases.
Total.
$ cts.
$ cts.
$ cts.
$
cts.
1917
43,478.00 ! 3,199.75
4,370.00
51,047.75
1918
45,225.00
3,399.35 3,505.00
52,129.35
1919
45,896.00
3,486.90 3,102.00
52,484.90
1920
52.569.00
3.849.75 2,870.00
59,288.75
1921
70,617.00
4,235.00 2,685.00
77.587.00
1922
65,407.00 4,683.50 5,550.00
75,640.00
1923
109.671.00
7,280.00 6.680.00
123.631:00
1924
93,304.00
5,824.25
2,470.00
101,598.25
1925
65,068.00
4,778.75 5,210.00
75,056.75
1926
65,843.00
4,443.00 7,635.00
77,921.00
- I 6
Table V.
HONG KONG & KOWLOON RENT ROLL.
Locality and Description.
No. of Lots.
Total Crown Rent.
Victoria Marine Lot
345
$
cts.
78,898.91
71
Praya Reclamation Marine
Lot
76
Inland Lot
2.070
8,161.91 221,316.13
Quarry Bay Marine Lot
2
18,458.00
Inland Lot
13
Victoria Farm Lot
8
4,166.00 401.55
Garden Lot
46
999.00
Rural Building Lot
210
39,131.58
Aberdeen Marine Lot
5
Inland Lot
83
579.16 2,270.50
Aplichau Marine Lot
24
152.84
Inland Lot
39
261.48
Shaukiwan Marine Lot
10
1,928.00
Inland Lot
218
4,374.29
Stanley Inland Lot
4
4.00
Kowloon Marine Lot
55
45,933.23
Inland Lot
7
1,304
79,299.89
Garden Lot
27
Hung Hom Marine Lot
23
Inland Lot
Sheko Inland Lot
Tai Tam Inland Lot
Tong Po Inland Lot
New Kowloon Marine Lot
Inland Lot
1
1.00
2
6,140.00
178
9,206.00
3
9.00
1
·1.00
1
1.00
5.
18,608.00
684
19,222.52
Farm Lot
2
""
Rural Building Lot
Tai Po Inland Lot
418
8
4
135.50 42.00 480.00 1,192.00
Fan Ling Lot
Sheung Shui Lot
874.00
Ping Chau Farm Lot
225.00
Mining Lot
1
302.00
Tsun Wan Marine Lot
1
2,008.00
Inland Lot
.11
1,780.00
New Kowloon Dairy
14
560.00
Tsing I Marine Lot
1
82.00
Total
5,436
$567,205.49
- 1 1 - I 7
VILLAGE RENT ROLL.
Locality and Description.
No. of Lots.
Total Crown Rent.
$ cts.
Wongneichung
Aberdeen
61
46.00
21
79.00
Pokfulam
24
28.25
Tai Hang
157
633.50
Ab Kung Ngam
25
18.25
Shaukiwan
28
15.50
Hok Un
10
18.00
Tokwawan
48
79.50
Ma Tau Kok
2
2.50
Ma Tau Wei
81
150.00
Hau Pui Loong
13
49.50
Wong Tsuk Hang
2
34.50
Tai Hang Stream
17
72.00
Little Hong Kong
1
2.00
Tong Po
1
2.50
Stanley
9
18.00
Tytam
1
3.50
Tytam Tuk
3
2.50
Wong Ma Kok
1
2.00
Chai Wan
7
15.00
Shek O
8
23.00
Hok Tsui
1
1.50
Chung Hom Bay
1
3.00
Chinese Joss House, Bowen Road
Victoria
1
3.00
Aplichau
44
127.00
Telegraph Bay
13
43.50
Little Hong Kong
1,577
280.25
Shek O
Hok Tsui
Chai Wan
315
68.00
181
34.50
725
126.80
Total
3,378
$1,982.55
1
Appendix J.
REPORT ON THE NEW TERRITORIES FOR THE YEAR 1926.
A.-NORTHERN DISTRICT.
I.-STAFF.
Mr. E. I. Wynne-Jones was in charge from 1st January to 19th February and Mr. J. A. Fraser from 20th February to the end of the year.
Mr. Chu Tak Hing, Class IV clerk, was promoted to Class III on 1st September.
II.
MAGISTRACY.
Table A shows the number of cases heard by the District Officer sitting as Police Magistrate and as Judge of the Small Debts Court.
III-LAND OFFICE.
The number of sales and other transaction affecting land which took place during the year is set out in Table B.
The number of memorials was 2417 as against 2269 in 1925. The fees received as stamp duty amounted to $2855.00 as against $3015.80 in the previous year.
IV.- -REVENUE.
The Revenue collected in this office is set out under the appropriate heads in Table C, totalling $139,773.95.
The following amounts paid by the district but not through this office should be added to the figures in Table C:
Liquor Duties, Sai Kung, Harbour Dues,
>>
J
11
,,
2
No. 1 Launch,
3
plus L. D.
:་
J
No. 4 Launch,
}:
و
No. 2 Launch,
Crown rent paid in Land Office,
Total,
$
Cts.
7,691.52
2,205.50
4,331.40
857.25
2,488.90
2,205.90
2,848.00*
.$22,628.47
*Including $302 Crown Rent for Mining Lot No. 3 at Lin Ma Hang, Sha Tau Kok district.
Tobacco duties and tobacco licence fees collected by the Imports and Exports Department are not included.
P
J 2
V. GENERAL.
Afforestation.-(a) Planting. A new afforestation scheme was approved for 1927, to encourage local enterprise in growing pine-trees. At this date, 300,000 seeds have been planted under the scheme and there should be no difficulty in increasing this number next year.
(b) Hill fires. During the winter 1926-27 only five hill- fires, of which at least one was accidental, were reported. Widely distributed notices pointing out the dangers of hill-burn- ing, with immediate police enquiry, followed by investigation by the District Officer seem have a good effect.
Communications.—(a) Ferries. An additional ferry launch was run between Taipo and Sha U Chung (Chinese Territory) from August to December, and a second launch is now plying between Hong Kong and Castle Peak.
(b) Roads. The last section of the Shataukok road was completed early in the year, and the road came at once under heavy traffic.
Crime.-There was on the whole little crime in, the District. More regular traffic supervision increased the number of traffic cases, but there was a decrease in other directions. The number of tree-cutting cases early in 1926 was low, and there were none at all in the latter part of the year. An attempt to cut a large number of wild trees near Fung Yuen was promptly dealt with, and voluntary compensation made for damage done.
A village dispute at Tai Kiù near Yuen Long led to the killing of an old man. The persons responsible for the crime were committed for trial and sentenced, and the most influ- ential local elders interviewed the other parties concerned to prevent further trouble.
The system of Verey-light signals distributed to village- guards, begun in 1925, worked well in giving early warning of attempted robberies. In every case where these lights were used, the police turned out promptly, but it is still early to say whether the system has a real effect in discouraging this type of crime.
Building Development.—(a). Development areas. While owing to disturbed conditions over the border, rural development flourishes, the lowest level of the slump in semi- urban areas seems to have been passed, and there is a slight demand for modern houses near Taipo, Fanling and Yuen Long. Speculation in those areas is almost entirely at a standstill. Rents in Yuen Long are high, and further development there may be expected.
J 3
(b) Rural Districts. Increasing number of re-assessments in village areas, and sales of new house-sites in rural districts, are still unable to keep pace with the influx of Chinese from over the border, and collections of matsheds are springing up in various places, notably at Ngau Tan Mei, Chuk Yuen, Chiu Kang and Castle Peak. The newcomers are Chung Lok or Wai Chau Hakka cultivators with a sprinkling of Fa Yuen people. It is a healthy sign that some of these matshed-dwellers have applied for land, and are building houses.
Frontier.-On the cessation of the Canton boycott in October, normal intercourse with Chinese Territory was resumed, but determined attempts to circulate anti-British propagandist. notices within our border made it necessary to take additional measures for policing the frontier, especially at, Lo Wu and Shataukok.
Industries.-(a) Brick-making. Native brick kilns have had an unusually prosperous year, but those with modern plant at Castle Peak and Lo Wu have found it hard to carry on, as the market for their wares (mainly Hong Kong) is still very dull.
(b) Fisheries. Fishing in the Eastern part of
the. Territory was only fair. On account of disturbed conditions in China, boats did not go far afield, and the local fishing grounds were taxed to their utmost. A large number of fish in ponds on the Western side of the Territory were destroyed by drought.
Local administration.-A number of
(Tsz Yi) or "Head-boroughs", were appointed by H. E. the Governor to assist the District Officer with advice in matters of local interest or dispute. The appointment, which is honorary. lasts a year, and confers a valued recognition on the long and faithful service rendered by men without whose help the thirty years' successful administration of the District would have been, if not impossible. at least a much more difficult and onerous task.
Markets. A new market building has been completed at Yuen Long, on ground reclaimed and drained by local enterprise, and the available open space at Taipo Market is being levelled and surfaced to take the stalls which now on market days crowd the narrow streets.
Produce. (a) Rice.
Rice. The irst rice crop was successful in most parts of the District, but about a quarter of the second crop, which was late, was destroyed by rain.
Rice-growing, while here linited only by the area available for cultivation, depends in a geat measure on man-power and water-supply; where either of these latter is lacking, the ground goes out of cultivation. Broadly speaking, every possible acre
ground is planted with rice
1
J 4
Private enterprise, fostered by Government, has over a long period reclaimed large areas froin the sea for rice-growing, and converted many stretches of marsh into good first and second class padi-land. The local agriculturalist is not slow to avail himself of any means of increasing his area for rice-production, if the return justifies the outlay, so new ground continues to be broken in. Lately, too, land formerly disused has again been cultivated, and there is at present a certain amount of unauthorized encroachment on Crown land for precarious agriculture which it is difficult to trace, and which may later disappear.
(b) Vegetables. That all has not been done that might be done in producing vegetables for Hong Kong is shown by the recent large increase in this kind of cultivation. Castle Peak, Shatin and other places have for some years produced vegetables, but the difficulty and cost of transport has prevented the general spread of this industry, to which however no better encouragement could have been given than the withdrawal of Canton from the market during the recent boycott.
As an immediate result, larger areas than usual at Pingshan were under vegetables throughout the winter of 1925-26, and even some riceland now produces them as a main crop. The gradual return to normal trade conditions has as was anticipated caused a slight falling-off in vegetable-growing which however, appears to have come to stay. Market-gardens are financed in some cases by companies with agencies in Hong Kong. The stimulus for this industry seems to come naturally from Hong Kong, whence buyers come out to the country, and make their own arrangements for transporting the vegetables they buy to the town. Vegetable-growing in the Territory depends entirely on the state of the market and the cost of transport. It is noteworthy that nearly all the vegetable seed used comes from Chinese Territory.
(c) Fruit, except pineapples, is mostly grown for local consumption. The Botanical and Forestry Experimental Garden at Fanling has done something to popularise certain fruits, for example an easily-grown and large papaya, which may now be found at Castle Peak and elsewhere.
(d) Ginger. The continued difficulty of getting supplies of ginger from Canton this year secured a market for the local product, which though small and less succulent than its up- country neighbour, commanded a good price, selling in August at $11.00 a picul and later in September at $6.00 a picul. 2000 piculs in the Taipo area fetched about $15,000 and 6000 piculs at Yuen Long about $43,000.
(e) Laichees. The laiche crop was а total failure throughout the District, on account of bad weather which destroyed the blossom.
J 5
(f) Pineapples. The area under pineapples increases slowly but definitely, and a complete clicck of the ground occupied for pineapple-growing was undertaken during the year.
(g) Cattle. Little or no cattle-rearing for food is done in the Territory. Although under prevailing conditions a certain number of locally-bred animals find their way to the markets, most of the cattle sold in Hong Kong come from Chinese territory. A scheme to rear cattle on the slopes of Tai Mo Shan was mooted, but owing to unfavourable economic conditions did not mature.
(h) Pigs. Pig-breeding flourishes, but always as a side- line, and mostly in conjunction with rice-farming. The good market now obtainable has caused a large increase in the number of pigs bred, but there is no pig-farming on a large scale, mainly because to specialise would, however slightly, raise the cost of production, an important consideration in a competitive market. One or two wealthier breeders have imported English stock, which makes a good cross with the local breed.
(1) Poultry. Poultry-rearing has increased in the main at Pingshan and Castle Peak. Chicken-farming favours the main centres, but is not common, most chickens being imported when a day or two old, and reared in the villages in small numbers. The market for turkeys has produced a limited num- ber of breeders.
Duck-farming is more popular, as the birds are hardier and more easily fed and tended than chickens. Large flocks of ducks are reared on the swamps at Shatin, Taipo, San Tin and Yueu Long.
Special events.-On 1st September the elders of the District gave a dinner at Taipo at which H. E. the Governor was the principal guest. The function was marked by congratulatory speeches on the occasion of His Excellency's birthday, and many expressions of goodwill and esteem.
Transfer of Shing Mun Villagers. During the year, sites were found to accommodate all the inhabitants of the Shing Mun Valley affected by the first part of the Shing Mun Waterworks Scheme.
25th April, 1927.
J. A. FRASER, District Officer, North.
J 6.
Table A.
POLICE COURT.
Average from
1926.
1921-1925.
Cases heard
329
324
Persons brought before the
Police Magistrate
519
318
Persons convicted and punished..
310
358
Persons bound over
53
35
Persons discharged
136
118
Persons committed
20
6
Persons imprisoned
95
94
Fines inflicted
$16,040 $8,166.72
Warrants executed
48
47
SMALL DEBTS COURT.
1926.
Average from 1921-1925.
Cases heard
111
111
Writs of Execution
18
60
Table B.
Heading
No. of Sales,
Permits, Li- cences, etc.
No. of Lots.
Area in Acres.
Increase of
Annual Rent.
Decrease of
Annual Rent.
Amount of
Premia, Fecs, etc.
pind unoury
SA
CA
Sales of Land for Agriculture
Building
Orchards
71
132
14.19 acres.
2.29
25.78
165.50
C.
1,924.00
1,336.50
કરવ
for Resump- tion of Land.
Term of Years.
2.84
2.50
,,
256.00
Gardens...
Lime Kilns
1
Kerosine Stores
11
Threshing floors
1.55
7.75
200 sq. ft..
.50
675.18
2.00
1
300
.50
12
27 acres.
1.10
Conversions
Permits to occupy Land for Agriculture.
66
4.51
324.50
.15
3.00
119.00
1,944,95
.90
31
21
39
22.91
""
''
""
}}
"
216
369
125.96
,,
"
Buildings, etc.

2
37.12
Exchanges
Extensions
1.45
.05
21.80
5.50
122.98
345.78
114,00
I
75
33.00
Remarks.
- J7 —
Heading.
No. of Sales,
Permits, Li-
cences, etc.
No. of Lots.
Table B,--Continued.
Area in Acres.
Re-entries, Surrenders
Resumptions
129
22
16,82 acres.
2.29
120
8.47
Stone Quarry Permits
Permits to cut Earth, etc.
150
Water-Wheel Licences
Matshed Permits
262
Ferry Licences
Forestry Licences
Pine-apple Land Leases
Grave Certificates
143
2 ཎྜ 1 :ཀྱང ལུ
68
2
3.83
481 481
40 10
28,800.00
15.42
Deeds Registered, and Fees
17
Increase of Annual Rent.
G
F
Decrease of Annual Rent.
474.83
JE
C.
Amount of Premia, Fees, etc.
Amount paid for Resump- tion of Land.
Term of Years.
34.12
10.76
1,300.42
331.00
665.00
2.00
1,151.50
9.00
2,883.97
46.26
TO
68.50
2,855.00
* [lilu}]
— J 8 —
J 9
Table C.
Average of
Revenue for Revenue for
1926.
1921-1925.
Crown Rent, (Leased Lands),
$88,274.84 $86,107.19
Kerosine Oil Licences,
516.00
352.40
Chinese Wine & Spirit Licences,
4,925.00
4,362.50
Distillery Licences,
2,597.50
2,645.35
Pawnbrokers' Licences,
1,200.00
1,120.00
Money-changers' Licences,
420.00
442.00
Fines,
1,846.00
2,137.55
71
(Land Sales),
1,020.00
25.00
Reward Fund (Opium),
1,158.00
900.70
(Liquor & Tobacco),
2.00
151.60
l'orfeitures,
282.48
184.22
(Land Sales),
33.00
28,60
Distress Warrants,
24.00
65.00
(Crown Rent)
40.00
17.00
House Rent,
Nil
137.60
Liquor Duties,
19,728.03
12,861.25
Kent of Government Furniture,
Nil
5.00
Arrears of Revenue,
199.74
95.91
Other Miscellaneous Receipts,
Nil
97.39
Fees of Court,
Nil
.72
Forestry Licences,
8.197.56
2,680.56
Permits to cut Earth, &c.,
665.00
356.00
Grave Certificates,
68.50
64.29
Pineapple Land Leases,
16.26
20.84
Matshed Permits,
1,151.50
566.89
Permits to occupy Land,
851.01
911.90
Stone Quarry Permits,
331.00
128.00
Stone Quarry Leases,
375.00
911.92
Waterwheel Licences,
2.00
2.00.
Piers.
Nil
9.00
Ferry Licences,
9.00
9.00
Certified Extracts,
168.00
201.46
Sunprints,
115.00
97.40
Premia on Land Sales,
6,293.63
59.955.81.
Stamps for Deeds,
2,855.00
3.902.18
Boundary Stones,
72.50
161.40
Deposits not Available,
1,246.40
1,210.93
Crown Leases,
Sale of Old Buildings.
60.00 Nil
160.00
40.00
Total,
$139,773.95 $183.426.50
J 10
Table D.
REVENUE COLLECTED FROM 1917-1926.
1917
$117,095.84 1922
$159,191.56
1918
120,244.93 1923
280,848.64
1919
117,174.51 1924
209,105.18
1920
115,865.45 1925
141,862.65
1921
121,080.38 1926
139,773.95
Table E.
LOCAL PUBLIC WORKS, 1926.
NEW WORKS.
⚫cts.
Bridge at Tam Shui Hang
325.00
Forming of a playing field for the Government
School at Un Long
20.00
REPAIRS.
Road and bridge near Tsai Kek in the Lam Tsun
Valley
1,170.00
Bridge and bund at Lin Au
300.00
Dam at Ling Tsai near Tan Chuk Hang
733.48
Un-expended
2,451.52
5,000.00
J 11
Table F.
RAINFALL AT TAIPO POLICE STATION.
1926.
Average 1921-1925.
inches
inches
January
February
March
Nil January
4.03
1.82 February
3.60
3.44 March
4.09
April
May June
12.87 April
5.97
9.12 May
7.28 June
.12.45
.20.13
July August
23.25 July
.20.58
8.45 August
.24.12
September
11.78 September
8.05
October
4.86 October
5.38
November
4.86
November
1.15
December
Nil December
.48
Total
.87.73
Total average
110.06
Table G.
SERIOUS CRIMES REPORTED.
(4) On Land.
1926.
1925.
Murder
1
Attempted murder
Manslaughter
Armed robbery (including kidnapping)
Attempted armed robbery
Robbery with violence
Highway robbery
Attempted Highway robbery
1
2
18
9
2
:
1
2
1
21
20
(B) On Water.
Murder
1
یی
Armed robbery
1
1
J 12
REPORT ON THE NEW TERRITORIES FOR THE YEAR 1926.
B. SOUTHERN DISTRICT.
1.-STAFF.
Mr. W. Schofield was in charge until December 13th, when I took over and acted until the end of the year.
Mr. Tsoi Chak Fai, Class VI Probationer Clerk resigned from Government Service as from 15th December, and was re- placed by Mr. Li Yuk To, Class VI Probationer Clerk, from Treasury, as from 21st December.
2.-MAGISTRACY.
Table A gives the number of cases heard by the District Officer, sitting as Police Magistrate and as Judge of the Small Debts Court.
3.-LAND OFFICE.
Table B gives the number of sales and other transactions affecting land which took place during the year.
The number of Memorials registered was 876 as against 1497 in 1925.
The fees received as stamp duties amounted to $1,598.55 as against $1,805.65 in 1925.
The general slump in property values, reflected by the de- crease in the number of transactions was also shown by the general decrease in applications for land, there being but 21 sales of Crown Land for building purposes, and 6 grants of con- version of agricultural land to building lots.
4.-REVENUE.
The Revenue collected by the District Officer is set out under the appropriate heads in Table C totalling $40,664.95. Tables D and E respectively shew the Revenues collected in the District by Police and other Departments, and Table F gives for purposes of comparison the total revenues collected in the District from all sources for the past three years.
J 13
5.-GENERAL.
The past year has shewn a fair average of prosperity in the District, both rice crops being good, and vegetables finding ready market and good prices in Hong Kong. The fishing was not so good, but prices were fair, as a whole.
Tai 0:---Business generally was good. The Wong Fa fishing was poor but prices were high. Both rice and vegetables did well, quantities of the latter being exported to Hong Kong until communications with Canton were restored, when business slackened.
Very little serious crime was reported. In two cases of armed robbery, arrests were made, but the suspects were releas- ed later.
At about 7.0 p.m. on the night of 25th November 1926, n. serious fire broke out among the matsheds in the creeks, about 300 of which were burnt out, and damage done to the extent of about $30,000. As it was high tide, the inhabitants were able to escape by boats, and no loss of life resulted. Full enquiry was held into the occurrence, and steps are being taken to
ninimise the risk of repetition of such a disaster.
The death of the chief Elder of Tai O, Li Shan Pui at the age of 76 was deeply regretted both by the inhabitants of Tai O and by those Europeans with whom he came into contact.
Cheung Chau:-Trade generally was not good: the Wong Fa fishing season yielding poor returns. The salt fish trade lost considerably as the typhoon crippled the fishing fleet.
The market did fairly well and steps are being taken to deal with the increased number of hawkers who compete with the stall-holders.
Health and crime were satisfactory there being no cases of contagious or infectious disease reported, and only one case of armed robbery, in which four arrests were made, and two offen- .ders convicted.
The first crop. of padi on Lantao was good, but the typhoon destroyed the second.
The Lime Kilns at Peng Chau still suffered greatly from the slump in building generally in the Colony.
His Excellency the Governor paid a ceremonial visit to Cheung Chau on 6th June, when he was officially welcomed by representatives of the European and Chinese communities, and he expressed his interest in the welfare and future development of the Island.
J 14
Tsun Wan-The general conditions of trade were good ex- cept in the case of the lime kilns at Tsing I, and the pineapple industry in which both crops and prices were poor.
There was little crime during the year.
Lamma:-The island was quiet and trade good, especially in chickens for the Hong Kong market, and grass fuel for the boat breamers at Aberdeen. The banana crop failed, but both padi and vegetables did well.
Local Public Works:-During the year various small public works were assisted by the District Officer, as shewn in Table G attached.
For 1927 the vote has been increased to $2,000.00, and it is hoped thereby to encourage still further the local efforts to provide and maintain these and similar necessities.
25th March, 1927.
E. T. WYNNE-JONES,
District Officer, South.
J 15
Table A.
POLICE COURT.
1924.
1925.
1926
Cases heard,
214
201
156
Persons brought before the
Police Magistrate,
389
870
295
Persons convicted and punish-
ed,
848
318
174
Persons bound over,
18
44
1
Persons committed,
12
2
Persons imprisoned,
84
70
43
Persons discharged,
41
52
58
Fines,
$2,658.48 $2,635.53 $1,704.11
Arms Fines,
187.25
60.00
271.00
Forfeitures,
1,412.78
349.20
427.61
Revenue Reward Fund,
1,497.87 1,006.87
1,449.42
SMALL DEBTS COURT.
1924.
1925.
1926.
Cases heard,
33
31
66
Writs of Execution,
4
5
Table B.
J 16-
Headings.
No. of
Sales,
l'ermits, of
Increase
No. Area
Decrease Amount
Amount
of
Crown
of
Crown
of
Licences,
Lots. Acres,
Rent.
Rent.
Premia,
Fees, &c.
&c.
paid for
Resump-
tion of
Land
Term
of
years.
دیمی
c.
Laud Sales for Buildings
21
21
'60
87.50
603.20
75
י,
1
Agriculture
*06
.20
9.00
75
་་

Threshing Floor.
Drying Ground
༣ ཡ?
·05
.40
21.0
75
14
6.30
85.00
Let on Permit for Agriculture
1·93
4.00
"
11
Goat and Chicken Raising
500
10.00
growing bamboo trees
1
•23
.50
ConversiIONS
6
G
18
16.29
75
Stone Quarry Lenses
80·00
280.00
Clay Quarry Leases
Matshed Permit- Earth Permits
Forestry Licences. Pineapple Licences Deeds Registered Resumption Surrender
Re-entry
1:00
10:00
Permits to oceupy Land
80
B38
*7167
1,315.75
1,193.50
1,691.18
736.40
1,598.55
178
18:62
13
461.42
1.46
¡140,548.93
33
117:31
123.10
J 17
Table C.
Revenue collected by the District Officer, Southern District, New Territories.
1925.
1926.
$ c.
$ C.
Land Sales,
1,711.81
718.20
Boundary Stones,
40.00
42.00
Permits to cut Earth and Stone,
2,122.00
1,193.50
Forestry Licences,
1,536.98
1,691.18
Forfeitures,
349.20
427.61
Fines,
2,635.53
1,704.11
Water Wheel Licences,
18.00.
22.10.
Deeds Registration Fees,
1.805.65
1,598.55
Warrants of Attachment,
88.00
179.00
Crown Leases,
90.00
Legal Costs,
97.00
Grave Certificates,
11.50
9.25
Crown Rent,
26,687.39
26,799.82
Matshed Permits,
1,108.00
1,315.75
Permits to occupy land,
253.74
254.16
Pineapple Land Leases,
748.82
736.40
Market Fees,
1,593.19
1,715.92
Leases of Stone Quarries,
630.00
295.00
Interest on Deposit Account,
107.98
Miscellaneous Receipts,
1.00
11.00
do.
(Certified Extracts),
26.00
26.00
do.
(Sunprint Plans),
15.00
Revenue Reward Fund,
1,006.89
1,449.42
Arms Fines,
60.00
271.00
Total,
$42,538.70
$40,664.95
Table D.
Licence Fees collected by the Police Department.
Station.
Distilleries.
Wine and
Spirit.
Pawn
Money
Kerosene.
Dogs.
Chan-
Total.
Brokers.
gers.
C.
$
$
$
$
Kowloon City
1925
800.00
4,550.00
339
2,000
7,689.00
1926
800.00
4,900.00
1,491
2,000
9,191.00
1925
Sham Shui Po
1,200.00
11,600.00
360
8,000
200
21,360.00
1926
1,200.00
10,400.00
1,431
7,000
200
20,231.00
1925
75.00
800.00
52
400
40
· Tai O
1,377.00
1926
75.00
825.00
66
400
40
1,406.00
Cheung Chau
1925
100.00
1,025.00
78
800
50
2,053.00
1926
75.00
950.00
76
800
50
1,951.00
1925
Tsun Wan
516.50
512.50
40
1,069.00
1926
565.00
500.00
40
1,105.00
Lamma Island, Yung Shü Wan
1925
50.00
100.00
150.00
1926
99.00
75.00
174.00
Total
J 18
1925 $2,741.50 18,587.50 180
699
11,200
290
33,698.00
1926 $2,814.00 17,650.00
182
2,922
10,200
290
34,058.00
J 19
Table E.
Revenue collected through other Departments from the Southern District, New Territories.
Treasury, Village Rates,
,,
(Crown Rent for Inland Lots), (Quarries in New Kowloon), Eating House Licence Fees,
Police, (Licence Fees),
Harbour Office (Harbour Dues, Stake-
nets),
Total,
*See Table D.
1925.
1926.
C.
$
C.
79,588.15
80.662.42
34,925.70
6,613.34
41,484.65 2,577.35
.220.00
280.00
33,698.00*
34,058.00*
16,258.05 18,143.50
$171,273.24 $177,205.92
Table F.
Total Revenue collected from Southern District, New Territories, during the last three years, exclusive of liquor duties.
1924.
1925.
1926.
$
C.
C.
C.
By District Office,
64.193.89
42,538.70
40,664.95
By Other Departments,
156,183.03
171,273.24† 177,205.92†
Total,..
$220,376.92 $213,811.94 $217,870.87
See Table E.
Table G.
LOCAL PUBLIC WORKS, 1926.
NEW WORKS.
Pier at Tai O Creek,
REPAIRS.
Road in Cheung Chau European Reservation, Drainage in the Cheung Chau Market Place, Steps on each side of the Tai O Creek,
C.
150.00
150.00
150.00
50.00
Total,.
$500.00
'Appendix K.
REPORT OF THE CAPTAIN SUPERINTENDENT
OF POLICE FOR THE YEAR 1926.
SUMMARY OF CRIME FOR 1926
1. The total number of cases reported to the Police during the year 1926 was 20,048 as against 16,783 in 1925 being an increase of 3,265 or 19.4%. The average for the last five years is 16,508.
2. For the year 1926 in Tables I and II the following offences have been transferred from "Serious" to "Miscellaneous":—Assaults-Minor; Women and Girls-Minor; Unlawful Possession; and Rogue and Vagabond. The total of these offences for the year is 657. In order to make a true comparison between the year 1925 and 1926, it is necessary to add this figure to the total 3713 shown in Tables I and II for Serious Offences 1926 and to deduct it from the total 16,335 shown for Miscellaneous Offences 1926.
3. After making this correction the figures shew that there were 4,370 Serious Cases in 1926 as against 3,771 Serious Cases in 1925, an increase of 599 cases or 15.8%. There were 15,678 Minor Cases in 1926 as against 13,012 i, 1925 an increase of 2,666 or 20.4%.
4. Table I shows the number and character of the Serious and Minor Offences reported to the Police during 1925 and 1926 respectively and number of persons convicted and discharged in connection with these offences.
The following table shows in details the Serious Offences for 1925 and 1926:
Table I
Offence.
Charge Cases
1926
Cases without
charge
Total
1925
Charge Cases
Cases without
charge
Total
Increase total
Increase%
Column 2
Burglary
7
46
53
4
54
58
8.6%
House & Godown Break-
ing
24
47
71
13
62
75
5.3%
Larceny
1,068
1,087
2,155
1,016 1.050 2,066
89
4.3%
is
in Dwelling House
49
455 504
29 469
498
6 1.2%
on Ships & Wharf
37
62
99
66
74
140
41
29%
Manslaughter
8
8
3
5 166.6%
Murder
11
16
27
10
B
23 4 17.4%
Attempted Murder...........
:
10
80%
Robbery and Assault with
intent to Rob
25
96 121
34
136 170
:
49
28.8%
Other serious offences not
classified above
563 110 673
728
:
55 7.5%
Serious offences total 1.374 1.829 3,713
3,771
:
Four charges of manslaughter were not proceeded with. At subsequent inquests
verdicts of Accidental Death were returned.
Decrease total
Decrease %
K 2
Other Serious Offences in Tables I and II not specially
classified above are as follows:
Column 4:-
1926.
1925..
Part futting and Wounding
5
24
Demanding money with Menaces
10
15
"
Forgery
19
17
Indecent Assault
5
1
Arson and Attempted Arson

1
5
Rape or Attempted Rape
1
4.
Aiding and Abetting to Rape Possession and Uttering Forged
Banknotes
1
16
11
Falsification of Accounts
11
Conspiracy
10
Aiding and Abetting to Rob
2
21
2
Murder
22
Child Stealing
jg
Perjury
11
Piracy
Bribery
Wounding and Causing Bodily Harm
Shooting with Intent
Explosive, possession of
Poison
"
وو
3)
22
Administering Poison
Attempted to Defraud
Possession of Offensive Weapons
Unlawful Society
Taking Designation of Police Falsely
Imigrancy by Force
12
Seditious Documents
Bombs, possession of
3
1
15
13
2
3
25
6
2
1
1
5
13
2
20
Outrage
Border Outrage
Total
10
5
30
154
155
Four cases of Manslaughter against licensed motor-drivers were withdrawn by Police after a Coroner's Jury had brought in a verdict of "Accidental Death".
Table II shows Serious and Minor Offences for 1925 and 1926 (under a different classification) with the number of charge. cases and cases without charge, number of persons convicted and discharged, and amount of property stolen and recovered.

K 3 -
CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION DEPARTMENT.
I. Mr. C. G. Perdue returned from leave on the 23rd January and resumed duty as Assistant Director of Criminal ⚫ Intelligence. Chief Detective Inspector Grant retired on pen- sion on the 24th November. Inspector. T. Murphy was promoted to the vacant post. The Department has also lost Inspector Pincott, who proceeded on leave and pension on the 6th December, after excellent work in Kowloon District.
2. The strength of the Department on December 31st
was:-
EUROPEANS.
Inspectors and Sub-Inspectors
11
Sergeants
Lance-Sergeants
5
17
Total
33

CHINESE.
Inspectors
Principal Chinese Detectives
Sergeants
Lance-Sergeants.
Constables
Total
1
8
20.
91
122
Owing to shortage of men, it was not possible to keep aa European detective in Hung Hom and Shaukiwan Divisions throughout the year.
4. The number of searchers employed on steamers and launches on December 31st was:
1926
1925
Europeans
6
6
Chinese (Regular)
85
45
Chinese (Temporary)
44
76
Females
31
29
Total
166
156
5. Two extra female searchers were engaged on October 17th one for Sai Kung and one for Castle Peak.
Temporary searchers are being replaced by regular Chinese police as fast as the strength of the Chinese regular contingent permits. Upon the resumption of communications with Canton in October, Police searchers resumed their usual duties on outgoing steamers, while Revenue officers resumed supervision
K 4
of incoming steamers. Most of the Chinese searchers are now accommodated, under two European officers, in the new Govern- ment building in Connaught, Road Central. There is also an office (with searching-room) a convenient arrangement for police and public alike.
6. A glance at Table III, the table of Piracies committed in adjacent waters, shows how necessary searchers are. It is satisfactory to note that during the year no case of piracy occurred on a passenger ship outward bound from Hong Kong. A case occurred in a small cargo ship in which pirates had smuggled themselves on board as cargo coolies.
7. Crime connected with political affairs showed a big decrease. Agitators appeared to have found Hong Kong an unremunerative field for their activities. A large number of Chinese who obeyed the strike and boycott call of June 1925 drifted back to Hong Kong during 1926. Consequent unemploy- ment was partly responsible for the increase in crime over 1925 figures. Another factor in the increase was the resumption of communications. in October, which gave increased facilities for the ingress and egress of criminals domiciled in Chinese territory.
The Department is much indebted to the Police authorities in Macao for close co-operation throughout the year.
The Indian community continued its loyal attitude to the Government.
The unsettled, conditions in China were reflected in the increased number of European destitutes and stowaways with whom the Police were called upon to deal. Most of these persons arrived from Chinese coast ports.
8. Table IV gives the number of Discharged' Prisoners, Deportees and Vagrants dealt with by the Records Office during 1926.
GUARDS.
Number of Guards employed during the year:--
1926.
1925
Jan. Dec.
Steamer Guards (Indian)
206 290
203
Steam Launch Guards (Chinese).
Nil 4
Nil
Shore Guards (Indian)
328
321-
340
Shore Guards (Chinese)
22 15
22
Special L. A. Gun Guards
(Indian)
50
50
50
Guards on Strength but
unemployed
*99 25
110
700
705
725

K 5
BONDS.
At the beginning of the year the Bonds for Steamers and Steam Launches were submitted. to the Crown Solicitor for examination. The Bonds were re-numbered to show the actual number of ships with valid Bonds on 31st of December. Formerly the return showed total number of Bonds issued com- mencing with original number one.
The figures now stand as follows: Vessels under Bond 31.12.26
79
Total number of vessels that have been under Bond 31.12.26,
259.
CONDUCT.
Discipline throughout the year was good. There were 34 dismissals during the year for misconduct.
STRENGTH.
The strength on the 1st January stood at 719 and was gradually reduced to 637 in Sept. owing to lack of employment on ships through the Boycott. Recruiting was discontinued from Sept. 1925 and a large number of the older Guards went to India on leave. During the month of May the demand for Guards increased and Recruiting re-commenced. In October when the Boycott was lifted, the strength stood at 642. River steamers commenced running and 31st December, 23 additional vessels had been supplied with Guards. Owing to the shipping revival it was found necessary to send an Officer to Singapore to recruit 50 men.
MUSKETRY.
All Guards were periodically exercised with the revolver and instructed in the use of Winchester rifles and Greener Guns. They also attended the new Range at So Kun Poo and fired their quarterly course.
FINGER PRINT DEPARTMENT.
A summary of work executed in this, Department for the year 1926 is as follows:
Number of Number of Number of finger prints
examined.
persons identified.
records
filed.
Number of Number of convictions: convictions: Deportation under Market Ordinance. Ordinance.
1925
11,657
2.490
10,359
120
943
1926
12.956
3.079
11.799
92
1,190
Increase
1.329
589
1.440
247
Decrease
28
No. of records on file: 87,712.
K 6
PHOTOGRAPHIC DEPARTMENT.
A summary of work executed in this Department for the year 1926 is as follows:
Size of Photo
Photographs issued.
1926.
1925.
11
12 X 10
2
1/1
12 × 10
To.-
Criminal investig-
ation Staff.....
396
67
279
233
285
58
44

Police Court and
Supreme Court
320
358
Traffic Department
220
28
599
Deputy Superinten-
dent of Police
192
Colonial Secretary's
Office
79
Total
616
67
279 860
884 58
199
402
Grand Total
...1,822
1,543
GAMBLING.
Two hundred and thirty three gambling warrants were successfully executed during the year as against 286 in 1925. There was one case in which no conviction was obtained.
There were 99 lottery cases, compared with 50 in. 1925.
During the year Police had occasion to stop several lotteries. The promoters appeared to be under the false impression that donation of a part of the proceeds to a philanthropic object rendered a lottery permissible.
PROPERTY REPORTED STOLEN AND PROPERTY RECOVERED.
The estimated value of property stolen during the year was $484,382.53 as against $584,578.61 in 1925 a decrease of $100,196.08 or 20.6%.
The average for the last five years is $641,866.38.
The value of property recovered during the year was $53,359.30 or 11% of the value of the property stolen, as against $52,022.09 or 8.9% of the property stolen in 1925, an increase of 2.1% in the ratio between the property stolen and property recovered.
LOST PROPERTY.
The following is a return showing Property lost covered:-
or
1-
Year.
Articles reported lost.
Value lost.
Articles re- covered and found but not
Value of
articles found.
reported lost.
1926
410
$29,268.07
133
$3,119.74
1925
349
24,948.60
157
2,523.10
K 7-
Weights and Measures
Weights and Measures examined.
Total.
Correct. Incorrect.
1926.
1925.
Foreign Scales
389
.18
407
135
Chinese Scales
1,797
71
1,868
900
Yard Measures
250
250
296
Check Measures.
590
590
395
Total.....
3.036
89
3,115
1,726
The following prosecutions were instituted under the Weights and Measures Ordinance.
Number of Cases.
Convictions.
Fines.
1925.
*
1926.
1925.
1926.
1925.
1926.
22
16
17
15
$685
$420.00
DANGEROUS GOODS.
The following prosecutions were instituted under the Dangerous Goods Ordinance.
Number of Cases.
Convictions.
Fines.
1925.
1926.
1925.
1926.
1925.
1926.
52
26
52
25
$2,515 $1,000.00
ARMS ORDINANCE.
Table V shows Arms and Ammunition seized and con-
fiscated during the year 1926.
TRAFFIC REGULATIONS.
The following prosecutions were instituted under the Traffic Regulations (Notification No. 377: Government Gazette of 27th June, 1924):-(For the purpose of comparison 1925 figures are also inserted).
Year.
Prosecutions.
Convictions.
Withdrawn.
Discharged.
Remanded.
Result.
1926
6,000
5,712
168
67
53
$22,730.50
1925
5,358
5,012
98
131
117
22,236.50
1926
2
1925
4
Manslaughter
2
3
1
K 8
K 9
EXAMINATION OF MOTOR Drivers.
Persons examined
Persons passed
1926.
1925.
854
1,010
576
652
The Total number of accidents reported during the year
was 593 as against 497 in 1925:-
1926.
1925.
1. Motor Vehicle
494
423
2. Truck
26
18
3. Ricksha, Chair and Bicycle. 4. Tram Car
12
5
61
51
Total
593.
497
The Total number of FATAL accidents was 34 as against
44 in 1925 :-
1. Motor Vehicle
22
34
2. Truck
2
3
3. Tram Car
10
Total
34
44
MOTOR VEHICLE LICENSING SEASON, 1926-1927.
1st January to 31st December, 1926.
Mechanical Transport Inspection.
1926.
1925.
Livery cars examined and refused licences
31
18
Motor Buses
16
12
13
>>
Taxi Cabs
44
36
"1
**
Total
91
66
Livery cars examined and granted licences
Motor Buses
y
39
"
Taxi Cabs
""
Commercial Motor Vehicles
17
11
174
177
....
· 111
119
36
62
240
250
Total
561
608
K 10
Livery cars examined and found unfit for public use from various causes, and taken off the streets to be re-examined Motor Buses examined and found unfit for public use from various causes and taken off the street to be re-examined
Taxi Cabs examined and found unfit for public use from various causes and taken off the streets to be re-examined Commercial Motor Vehicles examined and found unfit for commercial use from various causes and taken off the streets to be re-
examined Private Motor Vehicles examined and found unfit for private use from various causes and taken off the streets to be re-examined
Total
248
72
775
176
324
74
162
21
10
.1,519
343
The total number of Motor Drivers licences suspended during the year was 20 as against 24 in 1925.
The total number of Motor Drivers' licences cancelled
during the year was 8 as against 15 in 1925.
The Total number of Motor Vehicles licensed :----
From 1st July 1924 to 30th June 1925 From 1st July 1925 to 30th June 1926
Licences.
1,872 1,983
The following licences were issued during the year:-
1925.
1926.
Public Jinrikshas
1775
1,783
Private
1,361
13
1,007
Public Chairs
896
676
Private
171.
143
Drivers and Bearers
17,838
16,598
Truck licences
1,261
1,109
Motor cars (Livery)
373
365
TJ
(Private)
834
905
(Drivers)
2,809
2.417
cycle (Licences)
429
463
(Drivers)
465
475
1 J
Money Changers
199
198
Pawn-brokers
133
110
Chinese Wine & Spirit licences
400
371
Auctioneer Licences
5
Billiard Tables and Bowling
Alleys
Distillery Licences
13
33
Marine Stores
29
20
Game Licences
426
404
Hawkers
8,416
8,528
Dangerous Goods
1,036
976
Poisons
19
17
K IT
MENDICANTS.
During the year 1926 six hundred and one mendicants were arrested and dealt with as follows:-
41 mendicants charged before the Magistrate.

sent to Tung Wah Hospital.
1 mendicant let go by order of Hon. C. S. P. 20 mendicants handed back to parents.
335
198
11
sent out of Colony once.
sent out of Colony more than once.
1 mendicant sent out of Colony 20 times.
DEAD BODIES.
Table VI shows the number of unknown dead bodies found by the Police in the Streets and elsewhere during the year 1926.
DOGS ORDINANCE.
1926.
1925.
Dogs Licensed
.4,955
3,609
31
(free)
26
25
Impounded
481
970
Destroyed
.1,872
331
PROFICIENCY IN LANGUAGES.
The following certificates were obtained during the year
1926:
31 Europeans passed
18
1st Cantonese
2nd
50 Indians
25
I
29
5
་་
་་
37
34 Wei Hai Wei,
I
1st Cantonese
2nd
3rd
"7
1st English
Full
1st Cantonese
1st English
""
21
K 12
MUSKETRY AND REVOLVER COURSE 1926.
A.-MUSKETRY: EUROPEANS.
204 Officers fired their Annual Musketry Course at High West Range during November 1926 and are classified as L.S.A33 Wynne obtained the highest score with.169
under.
out of a possible 200.
Marksmen
1st class shots
2nd
''
22
3rd Failures
32
25
38
106

33
204
A.-REVOLVER: EUROPEANS.
are
199 Officers fired the advanced revolver course at Kennedy Road Revolver Range as against 182 in 1925 and classified as under:
1st class shots
2nd
22
27
3rd Failure
"
4
34
51
113
1
199
B.-MUSKETRY: INDIANS.
486 Indian fired their Annual Musketry Course and are classified as under:-
::
:.
I.P.C.B. 268 and B. 88 both tied for the top score with 153 out of a possible 200 points."
Marksmen
1st class shots
2nd
3rd
Failures
10
...
30
118
275
53
486
B.-REVOLVER: INDIANS.
482 Indians fired the Preliminary Revolver Course: possible score 110 points, 460 passed, 22 failed..
C.-Musketry: Cantonese Police are not armed with rifles.
K 13
C.-REVOLVER: CANTONESE.
505 Chinese fired the Preliminary Revolver Course: possible score 110 points. 421 passed, 84 failed.
D.-Musketry: Wei Hai Wei. This course was not fired.
D.-REVOLVER: WEI HAI WEI.
241 Wei Hai Wei men fired the Preliminary Revolver Course: possible score 110 points, 195 passed, 46 failed.
CONDUCT. "A"-Contingent.
The conduct of the European Contingent (average strength 246) was good. The total number of reports against them was 89 as against 112 in 1925. There were 9 reports for being drunk or under the influence of drink as against 10 in 1925.
Two were reported for sleeping on duty as against one in 1925. There were 24 reports for neglect of duty as against 29 in 1925.
"B"-Contingent.
The conduct of the Indian Contingent (average strength 572) was good. There were 628 reports as against 611 for the preced- ing year.
For drunkenness there were 10 as against 12, for disorderly conduct 28 as against 59, for neglect of duty 42 as against 117, for absence from duty 12 as against 56, for grossip- ing and idling on duty 133 as against 154, and for sleeping on duty 30 as against 45. Minor offences 273. 278 men had no report as against 241 in 1925. .5 Indian Policemen were con- victed by the Police Magistrate. (dismissed from the Force) 4 for accepting bribes and one for Malingering.
"C"-Contingent.
The behaviour of the Chinese Contingent (Cantonese) (average strength 576 as against 546 in 1925) was fair. There were altogether 1149 reports as against 1281 in 1925. For drunkenness there was one as against 2 in 1925, 105 for sleeping on duty as against 98, 29 for disorderly conduct as against 29, and 1014 for minor offence as against 1151. 125 men had no report as against 246 in 1925. 12. were convicted by the Police Magistrate (dismissed from the Force) 3 for. smoking in opium divans and possession of prepared opium, 1 being under the influence of drink and disorderly, 2 for sleeping on duty, 1 for larceny, 1 for wilfully making a false report, 2 for desertion, 1 for receiving stolen property and 1 for accepting bribe.
"D"-Contingent.
The behaviour of the Chinese (Wei Hai Wei) Contingent (average strength 370) was fair. There were altogether 779 reports as against 1025 in 1925. For drunkenness there were 5 as against 7, 83 for sleeping on duty as against 153, 36 for disorderly conduct as
as against 47, and 655 minor. offences as against 818 in 1925. 66 men had no report as against 70 in 1925.
K 14

13 were convicted by the Police Magistrate (and dismissed from the Force) 2 for larceny, 2 for sleeping on duty, 2 for misconduct, 2 for accepting bribes, 1 for being found in opium divan, 1 for obtaining money by false pretences, 2 for desertion, and one for allowing a prisoner to escape.
"W"- Water Police.
The conduct of Seamen, Coxswains, Engineers and Stokers (average strength 230) was fair. There were 322 reports as compared with 197 for the previous year. For disorderly conduct there were 16 as against 8 in 1925. 13 for neglect of duty as against 9, 233 for absence from station or launch and being late for duty as against 165, and 5 for sleeping on duty as against 3 for the previous year.
127 men had no report recorded against them as compared with 199 in 1925.
4 were convicted by the Police Magistrate, (dismissed from the Force) 2 for Intimidation, 1 for larceny and 1 for desertion.
HEALTH.
Admissions to Hospital during the last three years were as
follows:-
1924.
1925.
1926.
Nationality.
Establish- ment of the Force.
Admis-
sions.
Establish- ment of the Force.'
Admis-
sions.
Fstablish- ment of. the Force.
Admis- sions.
Europeans,... 235
93
246
168
246
148
Indians...
504
613
564
409
572
368
Chinese,.
805
642
865
771
946
731
Return of Police treated in Government Civil Hospital for
Fever or Dengue Fever during the year 1926 :—
Old Territories.
New Territories.
Nationality.
Establishment of the For e.
Establishment
Treated.
of the Force. 1
Treated.
Europeans,
Indians.
Chinese.
226
15
20
6
470
96
102
38
840
146
106
150
In addition to cases treated in Hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever, the cases treated for Fever in the various stations in the New Territories without being removed to Hospital were:--
Europeans......26
Indians......74
Chinese......401
K 15
NEW TERRITORIES.
1.-DEPARTMENTAL,
1. Establishment.-The following important changes oc- curred in the police establishment during 1926:-
(a) Lok Ma Chau. On the 2nd May the W. H. W. Police at L. M. C. were replaced by Mohamedans, the latter being replaced by Sikhs on 1.11.26.
(b) Sheung Shui. On the 3rd May the W. H. W. Police were replaced by Mohamedans, the latter being replaced by Sikhs on the 22nd June.
(c) Ta Ku Ling. On the 22nd June the Mohamedan Police were replaced by Sikhs.
(d) Sai Kung. On the 22nd June the W. H. W. Police were replaced by Mohamedans.
On the 17th December a female searcher for launch searching duty was added to the establisment.
(e) Castle Peak. On the 23rd December one C. C. and one female searcher for launch searching duty were added to the establishment.
2. Conduct.-The conduct of the European Police was good. Three officers were reported.
The conduct of the Indian Police was fairly good, 22 men being reported.
The conduct of the Cantonese Police (detectives) was good, 3 men being reported.
The conduct of the W. H. W. Police was unsatisfactory. In addition to 111 ordinary defaulters. one Interpreter & 3 constables were convicted by the Police Magistrate.
3. Buildings, Additions & Alterations to:-(a) Sha Tau Kok. New married quarters for native police were completed on the 1st November. In the early part of the year the whole station was made mosquito proof.
(b) Taipo. New married quarters for native police were completed on the 30th May. In the early part of the year the whole station was made mosquito proof.
(e) Sai Kung. Now married quarters for native polier were completed on the 9th June.
K 16
(d) Sha Tin. The work of making the station mosquito proof, delayed from 1925, was completed in October.
(e) Ta Ku Ling. In the early part of the year the whole station was made mosquito proof.
(f) Au Tau. Accommodation for 6 police was provided, in the Fire Brigade Building at Un Long, certain necessary altera- tions to the building being carried out at the expense of the focal Kaifong. Occupied by Police 2nd December.
4. Sickness.-The following Table gives the Sickness Returns from all stations for 1926, the figures for 1925 being shown in comparison:---
Station.
To Hospital Sick in Stn. To Hospital Sick in Stn. with fever with fever other causes other causes 1926 1925 1926 1925 1926 1925 1926 1925
37 41 43 123
Sha Tau Kok
14 15
Castle Peak
37
44 47
67
5. 10
5
Tai Po
28
24 209
70
11
12
10
Au Tau
28 20 97
62
5
10
3
Sha Tin,
25 42 11.
24
7.
4
Ping Shan
15
23
33
39
12
9
14
Sai Kung
9
21
21 26
10
3
4
Lok Ma Chau
9
26
12. 29
11
16
1
42245
Ta Ku Ling
1
10
21
23
3
6
Sheung Shui
2
10
11
24
11 14
Total
.191
261 505 487 77 102
27
52
As the above table shows, there were 52 fewer cases of malaria than in 1925, but the improvement in this respect is one of figures only as a number of men incapacitated from the effects of this scourge had to be transferred elsewhere.
As in 1925, the men at Shataukok, Castle Peak and Taipo were the chief sufferers from malaria, the figures for the last named station being the highest on record, a somewhat remark- able fact seeing that the whole station was made mosquito proof before the advent of summer. Treatment given by the local Government Doctor explains the large number of men at Taipo sick with malaria in station, compared with the number sent to hospital.
With special reference to mosquito proofing it may be pointed out that the doors of rooms as at present provided-ordinary hinged doors-are quite unsuitable and apt to be left ajar. To remedy this swing doors should be provided.
To reduce the incidence of malaria, more attention should be paid to the surroundings of stations which are not good. Quinine treatment and mosquito-proofing will prove futile in preventing malaria as long as the surroundings of stations where mosquitos breed are not dealt with.
K 17
II-GENERAL.
1. Accidents (Traffic)-Total, 24. During the year 4 fatal & 20. non-fatal accidents were caused by motor traffic. The large increase in the number of motor vehicles operating within the N. T. calls for increased traffic control.
2. Accidents (Various).-Total, 12. During the year 4 persons were killed as the result of accidents on the railway, 5 persons were drowned through the accidental upsetting of a boat in a creek near San Tin and 2 persons were accidentally drowned while bathing. A matshed fire at Kam Tsin, Sheung Shui, caused the death of the occupant. an old man.
3. Fires.-Total, 11. A fire in a tailor's shop, Taipo Market, caused damage to the extent of $400, all the other fires being small ones involving principally matsheds and straw stacks. There was one fatality-see Accidents (Various)'',
Hill Fires are now receiving special attention, and notices issued by the 1. O. N. have been posted throughout the N. T. urging people to prevent such fires. Officers in Charge now furnish a weekly report on the cause and extent of all hill fires occurring in their districts.
4. Crime-The following table shows the
the number of serious offences committed in the N.T. (N) during 1926 : —
ON LAND..
Murder
2
Armed Robbery and Wounding
1
Robbery with Violence
Double Armed Robbery and Kidnapping
Armed Robbery and Kidnapping
Armed Robbery
1
1
5
11
Total
21
11
ON WATER.
Double Murder
1
Arined Robbery
4
Total
10
5
K 18
It is difficult to give comparative figures for 1925, owing to the fact that of a total of 47 serious offences committed in that year 30 were classed as Border Outrages. But considering the still disturbed conditions prevailing across the border the crime figures for 1926 are not inordinately high, a.g. the number of serious offences committed in 1924, was 21.
The better arming of villagers in the N.T. and the issuing of Verey Pistols to certain border and coastal villages, has doubtless had good effect in preventing outrages.
WATER POLICE.
Details concerning the Water Police are contained in Annexe A.

RECRUITING & POLICE TRAINING SCHOOL.
Details concerning recruiting and the Police Training
School will be found in Annexe B.
REWARDS AND COMMENDATIONS.
I. His Majesty was pleased to award the King's Police Medal to Mr. William George Gerrard, Assistant Superintendent of Police, New Territory, for prolonged service distinguished by very exceptional ability and merit.
Sub-Inspector K.W. Andrew has been recommended for the King's Police Medal for the successful disposition of the Police on the occasion of the encounter with armed robbers at Kwai Chung, Gin Drinkers' Bay, on 2.12.26.
II. The following is an extract from a Despatch dated 30.12.25 from the Secretary of State for the Colonies on the work done by the Police Force since the beginning of the Strike in 1925:-
"I have to express my satisfaction at learning of the loyalty displayed by the Chinese members of the Force and my appreciation of the work of the Police in this trying crisis".
(Sd.)
L. S. AMERY.
His Excellency the Governor also conveyed to all ranks of the Police Force his high appreciation of their loyal and efficient service throughout the period of the Strike and Boycott, and added his congratulations to those already offered by His Excellency Sir Edward Stubbs K.C.M.G.
K 19
III. His Excellency the Governor was pleased to grant Medals and Commendations for meritorious services rendered by them during the year 1926 to the following Police Officers:
MEDALS.
L.S.A. 195 C. Goodwin
2nd Class Medal
P.C.C. 17 Chan Sau
2nd
J
P.S.C. 185 Tang Sang
3rd
P.C.C. 626 Mak Po Tai
4th
"
Engineer-in-Chief Li Fuk
4th
21
"
L.S.W. 17 Lee Tam
4th
>"
>
COMMENDATIONS.
Detective Inspector W. Pincott Sub-Inspector J. Perkins.
""
A.E.T. Brown
L.S.A. 21 T. Carson
11
147 A.J. Johnson
Principal Chinese Detective Wong Lau L.S.C. 90 Kwong Hung
75 Lo Kwong
P.C.C. 357 Tsoi Wing Kok
Stoker Leung Yiu (who was also granted a reward of
$10.00).
IV. The Captain Superintendent of Police was pleased to grant the following Police Officers rewards and commendations for good work done during the year 1926:-
REWARDS & COMMENDATIONS.
P.C.B. 88 Anwar Khan
L.S.C. 378 Wong Kin
6 Sin Chiu Tat
369 Lo Hoi
P.C.C. 219 Kwong Heung
312 Lai Lok
12
261 Tsui Nam
"
436 Yan Hoi
"
195 Tai Hing (for 2 occasions)
P.C.D. 104 Lian Tse Chuan
212 Ching Yun Ching
Coxswain W. 87 Tsang Fook
Seaman
}}
"}
W.152 Liu U
W.129 Wong Choi
W.147 Ng Kam W.127 Lam Cheung
W.153 Yau Shing
"
??
W.148 Wong Cheung.
K 20
COMMENDATIONS.
Detective Inspector W. Pincott
""
Sub-Inspector K.W. Andrew (twice)
""
F.W. Shaftain
G.A. Stimson
P.S.A. 32 T. O'Connor (twice)
-995
5 A.V. Baker
19 C.R. Rozeskwy 29 A.E. Carey
L.S.A. 113 T.K. Whelan
18 R.R. McEwen
11
""
87 J.F. Kennedy
53 F.S. Elliott
22
P.S.B. 310 Shankar Khan
P.C.B. 495 Sapoorna Singh
>>
177 Hayat Khan
455 Mohamed Ali
81 Mal Singh
37 Banto Singh
Detective Inspector Chu Heung Principal Chinese Detective Lai Sui P.S.C. 185 Tang Sang
L.S.C. 447 Chan Tim
345 Shek Tui
"t

31
276 Yam Ping
134 Iu Kong
??
166 Kwan Hing Nam (twice)
""
303 Kwong Yee
71
113 Kwong Lun
378 Wong Kin
P.C.C. 252 Iu Muk
"1
191 Ng Sze (twice)
""
377 Tang Chau
"J
420 Chu Hong
428 Lau Fuk (twice)
596 Chu Piu
523 Pang Chee (3 times)
J
394 Lam Fuk
33
187 Chan Kam
"}
61 Li Tim
23
551 Man Wan
??
608 Lo Kee
121 Tam Wun
""
432 Tong Wing
"1
383 Li Yau Cheung
""
649 Chung Wai
93
643 Ng Fuk
21
626 Mak Po Tai (twice)
7
373 Ku Wong
""
"
219 Kong Heung
L.S.D.
11 Wong Tse Ming
13 Huang Hsuen Chen.
K 21
-
ESTABLISHMENT RETURN.
Return showing the Establishment and Casualties in the Force during the year 1926 :-
Nationality.
Establishment
of the Force. ·
Enlistments.
Deaths.
Resignations
through
sickness.
Resignations through expiry of terms of service | or otherwise.
Dismissals or Desertious.
Total Number
of Casualties.
Europeans,
246
18
21
Indians,
572
121
9
22
42
Chinese,
946
91
36
82
131
Water Police..
230
37
22
39
Total,
1,994 270 12
25
72 124 233.
This number includes the Police paid by other Depart- ments, also the Engineers, Coxswains, Stokers, seamen, but it is exclusive of :-
1 Captain Superintendent.
1 Deputy Superintendent of Police (Kowloon).
1 Director of Criminal Intelligence.
1 Assistant Director of Criminal Intelligence.
1 Assistant Superintendent.
2 Probationers.
1 Accountant.
.1 Assistant Accountant.
2 Storekeepers.
1 Police Secretary.
23 Clerks.
11 Telephone Clerks.
70 Interpreters.
129 Messengers and coolies.
2 Indians and 2 Chinese Constables who are employed
by Private Firms.
2 Shroffs.
Actual Strength on the 10th December, 1926.
Europeans.
Indians.
Chinese.
Total.
Present,
213
587
760
1,510
Sick or Absent on
leave,
30
57
67
154
Excess over Estimates
22
22
Vacancies,
3
125
128
:
Total,
246
616
952
1,814
- K 22
EXECUTIVE STAFF.
Mr. E. D. C. Wolfe returned from home leave on February 5th, 1926 and resumed duty as Captain Superintendent of Police.
Mr. P. P. J. Wodehouse acted as Captain Superintendent of Police from January 1st to February 4th, 1926. He proceeded on home leave on March 6th and returned to the Colony on December 10th, 1926 and resumed duty as Deputy Superinten- dent of Police, Hong Kong.
Mr. D. Burlingham acted as Deputy Superintendent of Police in Kowloon from March 6th to July 15th and he was then appointed Deputy Superintendent of Police, Kowloon, on July 16th.
Mr. C. G. Perdue, A.S.P., acted as Deputy Superintendent of Police vice Mr. Burlingham on vacation leave from January 2nd to February 4th.
Mr. L. H. V. Booth, A.S.P., was seconded to the Harbour Department on February 1st and remained with that Depart- ment throughout the year.
Mr. W. R. Scott, A.S.P., proceeded on vacation leave on February 7th and resumed duty on March 6th. He proceeded to India on April 5th to study the language.
Mr. W. G. Gerrard acting Assistant Superintendent of Police was appointed to the substantiative rank of Assistant Superintendent on May 2nd and continued in charge of the New Territories throughout the year.
Capt. H. F. Bloxham, Asst. Superintendent of Prisons, acted as Asst. Supt. of Police from February 1st December 31st.
to
Table showing the Total Strength, Expenditure and Revenue of the Police Department for the years 1916 to 1926:-
Year
Total Strength
Expenditure
Revenue
1916
1,215
$ 703,743
$ 192,796
1917
1,229
694,115
210,071
1918
1,228
727,233
219,012
1919
1,228
840,977
225,031
1920
1,281
1,165,084
229,122
1921
1,341
1,443,627
259.876
1922
1,381
1,533,772
376,347
1923
1,589
1,633,847
349,443
1924
1,774
1,877,948
389,176
1925
1,965
1,898,823
375,832
1926
1,994
1,745,085
374,549
K 23
SPECIAL EVENTS.
I. The outstanding events of the year were first and fore- most a very serious fire at the largest Hotel in the Colony on New Year's Day, a Bomb outrage in Kowloon unfortunately attended by loss of life, a very serious rain storm accompanied by floods and collapses and consequent loss of life and much material damage, two piracies attended by loss of life, the stranding of a Police cruising launch, as also the Sham Chun river Police Motor Boat and capture of her crew by Strike pickets, and finally in December a very successful engagement with Armed Robbers at Kwai Chung in the New Territories. Details of these events are given below.
II. A new institution, viz., The Street Boys Club for waifs and strays under 18 years of age who normally live from hand to mouth, sleep in the streets, and are prospective criminals if left to their own devices, was opened at the Central Police Station and has so far proved a great success. Further details appear in the 1st Annual Report on this Club (Annexe C). It is hoped that the Club which has now moved to premises outside but still near Police Headquarters will continue to flourish as there is undoubtedly great need for such an institution to help lads who often, through no fault of their own, suddenly left entirely unprovided for and thrown on their own resources. The Club gives the opportunity of earning an honest living, and encourages at the same time thrift and self-help.
are
1. Hong Kong Hotel Fire, 1st January 1926:-A very serious fire broke out on the top floor of the Hong Kong Hotel sometime before 9 a.m. on New Year's Day. There was some delay in calling up the Fire Brigade where the call was received at 9.08 a.m. by which time the whole roof of the main building lying between Des Voeux Road Central and Pedder Street was already involved. The building consists of 6 stories and difficulty was experienced in getting water at high pressure up to the top floor. Owing to the Hotel fire service being brought into use on the ground floor to play into the lift shaft, which the Hotel employés thought was on fire, no pressure was obtainable through this service on the upper floors, thereby giving the fire, which it. is surmised originated in the Boys Quarters under the roof, a further hold before effective jets from without could be brought to bear on the flames. Assistance from the Navy and Military was obtained and by noon the fire was under control. By that time however the two upper floors had been completely gutted and portions of floors below were seriously damaged by fire and water. Later in the year the entire building was pulled down with the exception of the outer walls of the ground and 1st floors. No attempt has been made so far,to rebuild the premises. No lives were lost among the occupants of the Hotel but unfortunately a sailor, who was helping the Fire Brigade, missed his footing and fell from an upper storey into the road below and was killed. Shortly after the fire His Excellency the Governor ordered an Enquiry to be
K 24
held to consider suggestions for the improvement of the Fire Fighting Organization. The Committee's report was laid before the Legislative Council on 27th May 1926. This report inter alia recommended an increase in the European personnel of the Brigade which has since been strengthened by 4 European Sub-Officers.
2. Piracy of S. S. "Jade", 8th February 1926:-On the 8th February at 2 p.m. while on a voyage from Kwong Chau Wan to Hong Kong, the French cargo steamer S. S. "Jade" was pirated by a number of 3rd Class passengers, who were being carried in the ship. The S. S. "Jade" had bullion on board to the value of $83,000 dollars in Chinese 20 cent pieces and this was undoubtedly the objective of the pirates. Being a cargo. steamer she does not come under the Piracy Prevention Regula- tions and though she had grilles, she carried no guards and only the Captain was armed. It was therefore an easy matter for even a small number of pirates (disguised as passengers) who should certainly not have been allowed on board, consider- ing the nature of the cargo, to capture and pirate the ship which was taken into Fan Lo Kong harbour in Bias Bay and allowed to proceed to Hong Kong after being looted. There were no casualties.
3. Hung Hom Bomb Outrage:-The Canton Strike Com- mittee made a great effort to bring about a second strike in Hong Kong at Chinese New Year in 1926. The effort proved a complete and dismal failure. The failure of the strike was followed by a plot to throw bombs at various places in Hong Kong. Two bombs were actually seized by the Police on March 2nd. It was known, that 12 bombs had been sent to Hong Kong. One bomb only was actually exploded and this was in Hung Hom on the 10th March in Wuhu Street opposite Hung Hom Market and in front of house No. 75 outside the verandah, just as the Hong Kong & Whampoa Dock workers were returning to work after their midday meal. In all 8 persons were injured, one of whom succumbed to his injuries. With 2 exceptions, they were Dock workers. Unfortunately the per- petrator of the outrage escaped in the confusion following the explosion of the bomb and has not been traced since. It is, however, satisfactory to note that no further outrages of this nature occurred in the Colony during the remainder of the year. A further satisfactory feature was that the throwing of the bomb had no effect on the attendance of workers at the Docks, who were given additional Police protection. All the victims. who recovered, were compensated by Government, as were also the relatives of the worker who was killed, in accordance with the provisions of the Government Proclamation on the subject of compensation to workers who were injured or killed, while carrying on their lawful avocation, by intimidators or other such crimimals.
K 25
4. Stranding of No. 4 Police (Cruising) Launch :-At 9 p.m. on June 2nd the new Police Cruising launch No. 4, which had only recently commenced duty on the Mirs Bay beat, went aground in very hazy, wet weather on a reef running out to the north of Shelter Island Port Shelter near Hebe Haven, Sai Kung District. The sea was rough at the time and the launch was in danger of breaking up, but fortunately the sea moderated somewhat and as the tide rose, the launch came off. Thanks to the assistance rendered by one of the European Staff of Messrs. Bailey & Co.'s Yard, who happened to be on board testing the oil feed, the pumps were got to work again shortly after the stranding and the water was kept down sufficiently in the Engine room to keep the engines going. The Sub Inspector in charge of No. 4 then brought his launch to the lee side of Shelter Island where he remained until day light. He returned to Hong Kong at dawn under his own steam. was towed from Lycemun by the salvage-tug "Henry Keswick" so as to enable the pumps to be kept at full pressure. The launch was docked the same day when it was found that the bottom was badly corrugated. The entire bottom plates were replaced by the Hong Kong & Whampoa Dock Co. at a total cost of $17.500 and the launch was on the run again within a month from the date of the stranding. The stranding formed the subject of an enquiry by the Harbour Master who exonerated the Officer i/e from all blame and commended him for the seamanlike manner in which he salved his craft after going on the reef.
He
5. Stranding of No. 10 Motor Boat and capture of crew by Strike pickets:-Some six weeks after the stranding of No. 4 Police launch on the 20th July a further mishap occurred to Water Police craft. The Officer i/c No. 10 Motor boat, which patrols the Sham Chun river on the frontier and Deep Bay, taking advantage of the high water in the river, decided to patrol above the Railway bridge at Lowu to Man Kam To ferry. This patrol is possible after heavy rain when the river is full. At the time the river was in flood. He reached Man Kam To safely but on his return down river, the coxswain, owing to a regrettable error of judgment, tried to cut across a flooded bend in the river and grounded his motor boat on the Chinese 'side of the river well above ordinary high water mark. The efforts of the crew, who got overboard to get the boat back into the main stream, failed completely. The grounding took place at about 12.45 p.m. With the assistance of some Chinese on the river bank, the Sergeant i/c was getting the boat back into deep water, when the helpers were peremptorily called off by Strike Pickets, who have been guarding the Chinese side of the river since the Strike and Bovcott was declared in June 1925. The pickets then opened fire on the crew of the motor boat, who took shelter on the lee side of their boat. Promiscuo's firing at the crew continued until 6.30 p.m. when the Sergeant i/e seeing no chance of assistance arriving. agreed to hand over his arms temporarily on condition that further firing
K 26
should cease. After taking over the arms of the motor boat, the pickets then called upon the crew to accompany them to their Headquarters at Sham Chun which they did. Information of the incident reached Hong Kong early on the 21st July, when the Director of Education accompanied by the District Officer North and the Assistant Superintendent of Police New Territory proceeded to Sham Chun to demand the immediate release of the crew and the return of the arms of No. 10 Motor boat. Troops were also brought up to the frontier at Lo Wu. After. some discussion the crew were released and sent back to Lo Wu. The arms were also returned to Lo Wu the same night. The work of salving the stranded Motor boat started on the following day. It took 5 days to dig her out and get her back into the main stream, the flood water having subsided almost immediately after the grounding. The boat was undamaged and in fairness to the pickets it must be stated that not one article was missing from the boat when salved. The work of salving was also carried on without interference on the part of the pickets above Lo Wu. However the Motor boat engaged in salvage work was twice fired on, when returning to Lok Ma Chau from No. 10 Motor boat for the night.
6. Severe Rain Storm accompanied by landslides, collapses and casualties on 19.7.26-On the morning of 19th July follow- ing a very severe thunderstorm lasting all night and accom- panied by lightning, which illuminated the sky incessantly, a series of landslides and collapses and much flooding of streets occurred, both in Victoria and Kowloon. The most serious landslide was at the Peak Pumping Station in the Pokfulam Road. A large boulder weighing approximately 3000 tons be-
dislodged, rolled down the hillside and completely demolished one end of the Pumping Station which supplies the Hill District with water. In its fall it demolished all the mains to the Hill District and Upper Levels, also the new and largest pumps. Four Chinese fitters who were attending the pumps at the time were crushed to death. This disaster occurred at 8.30 a.m. Very serious damage amounting to well over $1,000,000 was done to roads, nullahs. cemcteries and Govern- ment works, and in addition much damage was done to private property. The rainfall amounted to 19" in 8 hours and 21′′ in 24 hours. For hours some of the main thoroughfares were 2 to 3 feet deep in water and when the water subsided, they. were impassable owing to the silt left behind. The low level tramways were unable to run at all for 24 hours and only on certain sections for several days afterwards. By the end of the year much of the damage had been repaired but much work particularly on nullahs remained to be done.
7. Piracy: The steam launch "Sai Kung":-To the long list of piracies in recent years involving loss of life must be added that of the steam launch "Sai Kung" running from Hong Kong to Sai Kung in the New Territories. This launch left Sai Kung on its homeward journey at 2.30 p.m. on the 12th Septem- ber with 17 passengers. There were 3 Indian guards on duty
K 27
on the bridge. The launch was proceeding towards Hong Kong from She Wan where she had called contrary to her permit, when armed pirates, alleged to have been 5 in number, attacked the guards, seriously injuring one who later succumbed to his injuries. The remaining two guards, one of whom was wounded, were either thrown or jumped overboard and the launch was in the possession of the pirates, who proceeded to rob the passengers. However before they had completed their work, No. 2 Police launch hove in sight and, seeing the S. L. "Sai Kung" out of her course, steamed towards her. The pirates thereupon ordered the coxswain to head the launch for a fishing boat, which was sailing off the shore. They boarded the fishing boat and managed to escape ushore. However 3 of the 5 were arrested later on at Tap Mun New Territory by the crew of No. 4 Police Launch and committed for trial. Two were convicted and duly hanged and one was acquitted.
8. Piracy: S. S. "Sunning":-The most notable piracy of the year was, however, the pirating of the s.s. "Sunning". On the 15th November at 3.40 p.m. the S. S. "Sunning" of the China Navigation Co. Ltd. (Messrs. Butterfield & Swire) was captured by pirates while on a voyage from Amoy to Hong Kong with passengers and cargo. This piracy is almost unique in the history of piracies on the China Coast by reason of the fact that although the piracy which was organized from within was completely successful to begin with, yet it ended in complete failure. This was due to the courage and resource of her Officers, chief among whom were the Chief and 2nd Officers, who in spite of what appeared to be insuperable obstacles, succeeded in re-capturing the bridge from the pirates at about mid-night · on the same date. The pirates in turn set fire to the ship and then left in two ship's boats, one of which was later captured by H. M. S. "Bluebell" which, seeing the fire, came to the 'Sunning's" assistance about day break. The other boat was never seen again and it is presumed was lost with all its oc- cupants. One European and a number of Chinese passengers and crew were lost and 22 suspects were brought to Hong Kong for trial, of whom 8 were convicted of piracy. Of these 6 were hanged and two await execution. The full story of the piracy and the re-capture of the steamer, which is told in the report of the Commission appointed to enquire into the circumstances of the piracy, shows what pluck and daring can accomplish and should prove a wholesome lesson to the pirate gangs who infest the coast and inland waters of South China. There is little doubt that practically the whole gang were accounted for and the ship, which was burnt out amidships above the main deck only, is once more on her usual run.
9. Attempted Robbery & Kidnapping at Kwai Chung N.T. One of the most successful efforts of the Police against armed robbers in recent years occurred at Kwai Chung in the New Territories on the night of December 2nd. Police received information that a gang of robbers intended to attack a dis-
K 28
tillery situated in a lonely position at the head of Gin Drinkers Bay, some distance from the village of Kwai Chung N. T. Pre- parations were duly made both on land and on the water to deal with the armed robbers on arrival. Police-Europeans and Chinese-were posted in and around the Distillery and a Police launch guarded the approach from the sea. In due course the robbers arrived in a junk and landed only to find themselves trapped. They put up a strenuous fight, which however ended in 4 of them being shot dead and 4 captured, all of them being later sentenced to varying terms of imprisonment. One got away by swimming out to sea but it is not known whether he actually escaped or was drowned. Thus out of a gang of 9, all but one were accounted for. The Sub Inspector in charge of the Police party had a very narrow escape, being fired at twice at point blank range by one of the robbers. The ammunition was fortunately defective and this undoubtedly saved his life. He in turn shot his assailant dead. Other Police were fired at but suffered no serious casualties.
10. Strike & Boycott:-The Strike & Boycott, which started in June 1925, continued until October when without any special negotiations, the pickets were everywhere withdrawn (e.g. in Canton, river ports and along the frontier) and normal relations were resumed.
As a result of the boycott and the enforcement of the Emergency Regulations, serious crime was successfully kep in check; the Bomb outrage being the only really serious event recorded. With the resumption of normal relations crime in- creased somewhat towards the end of the year but not to any serious extent.
12th May, 1927.
E. D. C. WOLFE, Captain Superintendent of Police.
Year.
1925.
K 29
Table I.
RETURN OF SERIOUS AND MINOR OFFENCES REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN COMMITTED DURING THE YEARS 1925 AND 1926.
Serious Offences.
1
2
3
Robbery with Violence and Assault with
Larcenies and
Burglaries.
intent to rob.
Larcenies in Dwelling-
Houses.
and Other
Felonies.
4
Murder,
Manslaughter
5
Offences against Ordinance
of Protection of
Women and
Girls.
Minor Off
6
7
]
2
3
Receiving
and
Unlawful
Kidnapping.
Assault and
Disorderly
Gambling. Drunkenness.
Conduct.
Possession.
1
Cases.
Convicted,
Discharged.
Cases.
Convicted.
Discharged.
Cases..
Convicted.
Discharged.
Cases.
Convicted.
Discharged.
Cases.
Convicted.
Discharged.
Cases.
Convicted.
Discharged.
Cases.
Convicted.
Discharged.
Cases.
Europeans and Americans,
Indians,`
Chinese,
:
:
...
12
170 57
S :
15
58
حتها
Co
:
:.
:.
:
:
5
4 3
3 3 2
12,770 1,053|159 | 329 | 181 |109 61
60
:
:
:
1 1
...
...
4 356 300 | 104 | 10
...
10
5
Convicted.
Discharged.
Cases.
Convicted.
Discharged.
C'ases.
Convicted.
Discharged.
18
. 22
12
12
:
:
:
5|1,121 | 1,121 | 181 | 507 2,605 205
27 28
12 13
226
22
23
583
Total,.
170 57 15
58 7
1 |2,779 | 1,061|163 | 336 | 187 |113
61 60
4357301 | 104 10
5
5 |1,151 | 1,373 | 185 507|| 2,605|205|
61 64
4
Total Serious Offences 3,771.
Total Minor Offences 13,01
1926.
Europeans and Americans,
Indians,
Chinesc
:
121
42
122
16
53
Receiving
only.
:
:
...
:
:
:.
:
:
:
4118 86 61 15 13 7
5
ลง
:
:
...
3
3
10
3
:
:.
:.
:
:
12,820
1.128
1601554 | 402 | 133
8
7
Total,.
121
42
16
53
333
6
12,829
1,136161 | 569413 138
Total Serious Offences 3,713.
00
9
10
11
291
339
15 16
71558 1,903 161 16 16
4118 86
61 15 13
310
359 76|559 1,904 161 38 59
Total Minor Offences 16,33
K 29
Table I.
RETURN OF SERIOUS AND MINOR OFFENCES REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN COMMITTED DURING THE YEARS 1925 AND 1926.
Serious Offences.
3
Larcenies and Larcenies in Dwelling-
4
Murder,
Manslaughter
6
Offences against Ordinance of Protection of
and Other
Women and
Houses.
Felonies.
Girls.
Receiving
and
Unlawful
Possession.
Minor Offences.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Kidnapping.
Assault and Disorderly Conduct.
Miscellaneons
Gambling.
Drunkenness.
Nuisances.
Offences.
Unlawful
Possession.
Total of
all cases
Cases..
Convicted.
Discharged.
Cases.
Convicted. Discharged.
Cases.
Convicted.
Discharged.
Cases.
Convicted.
Discharged.
Cases.
Convicted.
Discharged.
Cases.
10
1,770
4

2
4
3
3 2
1,053159 329 181 109
:
:
61 60
:
...
1 1
:ཙ
:
4356 300 104 10
113 | 61 | 60
4 357 301
',779 | 1,061|163 |336 | 187 ||13|
| 1,061 ||
tal Serious Offences 3,771.
6
3
3
3
10
تت
.820
1,128 | 160 | 554|402|133
:
:
00
:
:
:
1-
Convicted.
Discharged.
Cases.
Convicted.
Discharged.
Cases.
Convicted.
Discharged.
Cases.
Convicted.
Discharged.
...
...
:
10
LO
5
5
18 . 22
12
12
...
27
28
122
222
:
:
:
:
:
1,121 | 1,121 | 181 | 507| 2,605|205|
2002
23
13
:
:
蕊:
:
:
446 | 452
:
:
:
Cases.
Convicted.
45
46
B
10
Discharged.
Cases.
Convicted.
Discharged.
15 |10,789|16,205| 1,540
104 10 5
51,151 1,373 185 507 2,605 205 61 6+
446 452 15 10,847 16,261 1,540
Total Minor Offences 13,012.
Receiving
only.
9
9
1
1
15
10
11
3
...
:
:
:
16
7
291
339
71558 1,903 | 161
16 16
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
...
...
4118 86
61 15 13
:
:
:
:
:
89
46
16,639
16,783
58
60
:
94
:
19
191
:..
49
:
1
513 531| 10 || 4,580 20,087 1,700 | 258 233 49
19,905
,829
1,136 161 569 413138
8 7
4118
18 86 61 15 13
7 310
359 76 559 1,904 161 38 39
531 10 14,657|20,166| 1,705 258 | 233 | 49
•20,048
al Serions Offences 3,713.
Total Minor Offences 16,335.
SERIOUS OFFENCES.
K 30
Table II.
YEARLY RETURN OF CRIME FOR THE WHOLE COLONY FOR THE YEAR 1920.
1925.
1926.
PERSONS
CONVICTED.
123
112

119 94%

Charge cases.
Ĉases without charge.
'Total cases.
Charge cases.
Cases without
charge.
Total cases.
% Charge cases to total.
Europeans.
Indians,
Chinese.
DISCHARGED.
Europeans.
Indians.
VALUE OF
VALUE OF
PERSONS
PROPERTY
PROPERTY
Chinese.
39
STOLEN
Arms,
123
Assault (Serious),
258
258
·
Assault with intent to rob,
1
I
Burglary,
4
54
58
Coinage Offences,
6
2427O
4
2
46
53
13%
6
Deportation,
103
103
80
::
80
Embezzlement,
18
44
62
22
59
81
27%
House and Godown Breaking,.
13 62
75
24
47
71
33%
Intimidation and Extortion,..
32
32
17
17
:
Kidnapping,
9
1
10
11
4 15
73%
Larceny,
1,016 1,050 2,066 1,008 1,087 2,155
49%
3
ون
Larceny from Dwelling Houses,
29 469 498 49
455
504 9.7%
Larceny or Ships and Wharfes,
66
74
140
37
62
99
37%
134
21
3
I
3
6
7
81
14
30
18
13
3 1,013
1
48
37
...
Manslaughter,
3
8
8
7
Murder,
10
13
23
11
16
27 40.7%
Murder, Attempted,
10
2
2
2
Obtaining by False Pretences,
38
7
45
50
20
70
71
Receiving and Unlawful Possession,
357
357
118
118
86
Robbery,......
33 136
169
23
96
119
19%
39
2888888
34
23
61
1: ུལ
5,951.65
8104,194.46
1,478.22
4 45,356.15 2,946.30
11
7
146|116,317.54 27,185.99
9 98,349.74j 17,645.56
10,974.37 1,146.00
5,920.73 1,015.00
16] 38,377.46 1,092.90
319.83
...
Rogue and Vagabond,
77
77 Now Shown in Mindr Offences.
...
Women and Girls,...
61
Other Serious Offences,
174
64
61
238 135
8
7
20 155 87%
7
99
1
2
52 58,940.43
529.50
Total,...
8
11! 1,684
3
2,435 1,979 4,414 1,794 1,919 3,713 |
382 484,382.53 53,359.30
Included in Larceny (Serious: Table II) is the sum of $34,611.07 "Larceny by Bailee" and $20,158.47 "Larceny by Servant" of which $14,184.72 was recovered.
RECOVERED.
:
MINOR OFFENCES.
K 31
Table II.- Continued.
YEARLY RETURN OF CRIME FOR THE WHOLE COLONY FOR THE YEAR 1926.
1925.
1926.
PERSONS
CONVICTED.
VALUE OF
PERSONS
DISCHARGED.
PROPERTY
STOLEN.
VALUE OF
PROPERTY
RECOVERED.
*Assault,..
310
310 100%
Damage to Property,
34
34
40
40 100%
♡ 6
11 339
44
71
6
...
Dangerous Goods,.
64
64
53
53 100%
51
17
Drunkenness,
61
61
38
38 100%
16
7
16
Forestry Offences,
457
457
391
391 100%
1
443
35
...
....
Gambling,
507
507
335
335 100%
1,668
113
...
Hawking Offences,
6,177
6,177 7,839
7,839 | 100%
7,955
184
...
Lottery Offences,
83
83 224
224
1
235
48
}
Mendicants,
38
38
45
45
47
2
Merchant Shipping Ordinance,
256
256
306
306 | 100%
1
593
1
29
Morphine,
1
1
3
3
3
Nuisances,
446
446
513
513 100%
Opium,
2,748
2,748 3,726
1 3,727 99%
Revenue,
135
135
53
53 100%
*Rogue and Vagabond,
50
Stowaways,
17
17
23
*Unlawful Possession,
258
50 100%
23 100%
258 100%
8
со

531
8,505
52
48
37
233
...
10
1,312
...
3
5
...
1
...
49
Vagrants,
34
34
37
37 100%
29
N
12
...
Vehicles and Traffic,.
418
418 1,026
1,026 100%
1
964
1
27
*Women and Girls,
39
39 100%
41
1
Other Miscellaneous Offences,.
818
75
893 1,025
1,025 | 100%
16
12 1,292
78
Total,.
12,294
75 12,369,16,334
116,335
86
37|23,109
3
Co
Grand Total,.
14,652 2,054 16,706 18,128 1,920 20,084
94
48 24,842
6
7❘ 1,991
...
82.53 10 2,373 484,382.53 53,359.30
...
* Shown in Serious,
- K 32
Table III.
PIRACIES REPORTED TO HONG KONG POLICE DURING 1926 OTHER THAN BIAS BAY.
Date.
Ship, Name and address of Complainant.
Place of Occurrence.
Estimated No. Estimated of Pirates Value of Pro- Dialect spoken. perty Stolen.
No. of Persons Kidnapped.
Remarks.
$
28.1.26.
Fishing Boat No. 3944
2.2.26. 1.3.26.
Fishing Boat No. unknown
15.5.26. 16.5.26.
Cheung Chu, 110 110 Wusung St. Cargo boat No. 1067 V.
3.3.26.
Junk No. T1747H.
3.3.26.
Junk No. T685H.
4.3.26.
12.3.26.
24.3.26.
Trading Junk No. T1589H.
Fishing boat No. 2929C. Fishing Boat No. unknown
20.4.26.
3.5.26.
Trading Junk No. T5102H. Trading Junk No. T3075H.
Trading Junk No. T2435H. Cargo Boat No. 2575V.
20.5.26.
Trading Junk No. T1589H.
Muk Mun outside Lyumoon, Chinese Waters
Yuet Mee near Sam Mun Customs, Chinese Waters
Man King Sha, Chinese Waters..... Sui Shan near Tai Shan
Do.
Sha Mi,. Chinese Waters
Tong Ho near White Rock, Chin- ese Waters
Between Tong Iu & Lin Tin, Chinese Waters, Junk taken to a place near the Kam Sing Pass
Off Tse Ling, Luk Fung District, C. T.
Tai Shan, San On District
Off Sim Leung Mui, Heung Shan District, Chinese Waters
Off Mo To, Heung Shan District, Chinese Waters
Man King Sha, Heung Shan Dist., Chinese Waters. A Letter from Pirates received from I Tai Sha Tau near Canton
C.
6, Hakka.
601.50
Nil.
Boarded from boat.
5,
18.00
unknown.
unknown.
>>
30 to 40, unknown.
800.00
11
Do.
2.500.00
14
27
6, Dialect unknown
200.00
1 male.
Master shot dead, 1 passenger and two crew wounded. Under pretence of pickets.
S. L.
Black
Boarded from boat, taken to Sha Tau Chung.
7.
260.00
,
"}
12,
848.00
Nil.
18.
5, Shun Tak D. Dialect.
1,724.00 660.00
1 male taken to Wong Kok of San On C.T.
8, Heung Shan Dialect.
540.00
Boarded from Launch, 2 women and 1 crew wounded.
Boarded from boat, 1 man wounded. Boarded from S. L. and taken to a place named Wong Kok C. T.
Boarded from Boat.
12 San Wui Dialect.
240.00
1 male.
Boarded from boat, wounded.
1 woman
20, Dialect unknown)
3,000.00
1 female & 5 Boarded from S. L. males taken in
**
19.5.26.
Trading Junk No. T4144H.
Wong Kok, Heung Shan District... 12,
758.00
the direction of
Tung Kun.
Nil.
Boarded from S. L. Chinese Gun boat flying Chinese Naval Flag,
Date.
Ship, Name and address of Complainant.
K 33
Table III,—Continued.
PIRACIES REPORTED TO HONG KONG POLICE DURING 1926 OTHER THAN BIAS BAY.
Place of Occurrence.
Estimated No. of Pirates Dialect spoken.
Estimated Value of Pro- perty Stolen.
No. of Persons Kidnapped.
Remarks.
31.5.26.
20.6.26.
14.7.26.
9.8.26.
Fishing Boat No. unknown Fan Kwai Wing, 18 Gilman Bazaar, Cargo Boat No. unknown Cargo Boat No. unknown Trading Junk No. T4780H.
Lap Sap Mi, Chinese Waters
5 males from Tai O., N.W., Chin- ese Waters
Fuk Kin Tau, Chinese Waters
Tam Chau, Chinese Waters
3, Dialect unknown
3,
Or Co
5,
""
""
10,
8.9.26.
12.9.26.
25.9.26.
30.9.26.
26.10.26.
26.8.26.
Junk No. T4684H.
3.9.26.
Junk No. T654H.
;
Trading Junk No. T1099H. Fishing Boat No. 2415
Custom Launch, Kong Mun Chai
Boat No. unknown
Junk No. 1836
Near Tai Chan Custom Stn. Off Chek Wan
Chek Wan Bay, Chinese Waters 2 miles from Ping Hoi
Between Kong Mun & Macao
Lap Sap Mi
Pat Kai, Kong Mun
unknown.
230.00
Village.
Nil.
6 taken to Shek Ki of Heung Shan District. |
unknown.
1 male.
30.00
Nil.
235.00
unknown.
6
10
99
100.00
5,300.00
""
1 Dialect unknown! 6 Punti Dialect
2 Dialect unknown
Shek Wan Bay
C.
Nil.
70.00
(Recovered)
250.00
145.00
3 males taken ashore near Tam Chau to Ng Ka Wai
death,
1
Boarded from Boat, 6 persons killed, 3 sentenced to discharged.
Boarded from Boat.
Boarded from boat, boat taken to Kim Mun.
Boarded from Sampan, 1 man shot dead.
Boarded from boat, flying Picket Flag.
Boarded from Picket Launch S. L. Tai Sang?
*28.10.26.
16.11.26.
Junk No. T1749II. Trading Junk No. T2327H.
Kau To Wan, Heung Shan 1 mile east of Waglan
5 or 6,,
3
55
18.11.26.
Trading Junk No. T4605H.
Fuk Wing Ti, Nam Tau Dist.
30
17,000.00
3,554.00
Cargo sold by pirates at Ko Lau.
6,835.00
(1 European
Killed)
1 male.
6 males, 6 females unknown place, Heung Shan District.
1 inale.
Boarded from Sampan.
Boarded from boat.
Boarded from black Launch.
Boarded from 2 S. L.
1 male pirate. Boarded as passenger at Hong Kong.
8 males taken Boarded from Junk.
to Sha Cheng
of San On.
10.12.26.
Trading Junk No. T3910H.
Pak Tang Island, C.T. Bet, C.C. and Pak Sui, Heung Shan
9
""
1,530.00
4 males and 2 females.
Boarded from a sampan, junk taken to Tsoi Fung Kok.
K 34
Table III,-Continued.
PIRACIES OCCURRING IN BIAS BAY AND REPORTED TO HONG KONG POLICE DURING THE YEAR 1926.
Date.
Ship, Name and address of Complainant.
Place of Occurrence.
Estimated No. of Pirates Dialect spoken.
Estimated Value of Pro- perty Stolen.
No. of Persons Kidnapped.
Remarks.
$
C.
11. 2.26.
French Steamer S.S.. Jade
Between Kwong Chau Wan & H.K.
7
82,900.00
Nil.
Taken to Bias Bay.
6.10.26.
Chinese Steamer S.S. "Hsin Fung"
13.11.26.
French Steamer S.S. "Hanoi"
Between Shanghai and Chefoo 14 miles south of Nan Pang Island K.C.W. to H.K.
30
72,000.00
""
**
15
70,000.00
""
19.11.26.
British Steamer S.S. "Sun Ning".. S.S.
"Sun Ning" Between Shanghai and Hong Kong .....
255
8.12.26.
Trading Junk No. unknown
6 miles from Ping Hoi, Bias Bay.
6
Pirates were frustrated.
Steamer re-captured by
Ship's
Officers.
10.00
Boarded from Junk.
Table IV.
Persons
Number of
Number of
Undesir-
Number of Number of Number of ables re-
Number of Number of Number of
Persons
Persons
Vagrants
turned
Vagrants
men Re- Deportees
Year
Banished
Deported Discharged
sent from
from
sent from
patriated
sent from
from
from
from
Singapore
Dutch
Saigon from Balik
Rangoon
Hong Kong
Victoria
Singapore
and sent
Gaol
and Re-
patriated
East
Indies,
and Re-
Papan and
and Re-
patriated
dealt with
patriated
off
1925
1926
Decrease
Increase
:
:
:
:
:
and Re-
patriated
1,264
2,666
353
204
1,316
606
22232
1,185
2,370
546
156
378
nil
14
69
:
79
269
48
938
606
193
- K 35
69
Table V.
ARMS AND AMMUNITION SEIZED AND CONFISCATED DURING THE YEAR, 1926.
In Store on December 31st, 1926.
Description of Arms.
Arms Seized.
Ammunition
seized.
Arms.
Ammunition.
Winchester Rifles
3
800
80
3,960
Rifles Various
17
1,872
52
17,159
German Rifles
7
169
8
Mauser Pistols
165
36,583
2,003
338,027
Automatic Pistols
62
4,702
125
19,883
Revolvers
306
29,542
152
60,306
Shot Guns
Nil.
75
830
Luger Pistols
117
19,821
491
50,649
German Machine Gun
1
¡
Walking Stick Guns
2
303
2
303
K 36
VICTORIA.
Under
one
month.
I month
and.
under
1 year.
1 year and
under
5 years.
sex
in.
f.
Junk.
256
13
6
KOWLOON.
K⋅ 37
Table VI.
DUMPED BODIES, 1926..
1 month
and
under
1 year and under
5 years.
5 years
and
15 years!
and
`over.
Under
one
month.
under
15 years.
years
and
under
15 years.
15 years
and
over.
Under
one
month.
1 year.
HARBOUR.
ELSEWHERE.
month
and
under
1 years
and
under
5 year
and
1 month
15 years
and
Under
under
over.
one
month.
1 year.
5 years.
15 years.
and
under
1 year.
1 year and
under
5 years.
5 years
and
15 years
Toial.
and
under
over.
15 years.
sex
50x
n] f.
a
Junk
34 24 2 70 53
}}.
1.
f.
mi.
Junk.
m. f. m. f.
sex
unk.
sex
sex
ni. f.
m. f.
m.
unk.
junk.J
f. im. £.
sex
sex
m.
f.
m.
f.
m..
f.
junk.
Junk.
f.
m.
m.
شده
f.
:

29
2 39 22-
ແ..
209 | I8I
بند
70.6T I 10
9. 23 3 2
7 16
8
Go,
9
1-
4 33 10
***
{
Year.
Victoria.
Kowloon. Harbour. Elsewhere.
Total.
Males.
Sex
junk..
mi.
sex
junk.
f.
m.
Females. Unknown. Children. Adults.
1921,
208
282
108
43
641
340
287
14
630
11
1922,
382
392
137
30
941
527
407
• 890
51
1923,
959
381
169
19
1,528
827
670
31
ì,468
60
1924,
579
819
219
99
1,716
968
715
1925,
285
674
124
98
1,181
670
472
1926,
268
637
110
99
1,114
644
430
***
33
1,610
106
39
1,136
45
40
1,020
94

10
f.
sex
Junk.
sex
m.
f.
Junk.
nr. f. m.
f.
10
10
21
16
3 19 2 1,114
K 38
Annexe A.
REPORT ON THE WATER POLICE.
The strength of the Water Police during the year was 4 Inspectors, 2 Sub Inspectors, 4 Crown Sergeants, 24 Lance Sergeants (including 2 Lance Sergeants at Lok Ma Chau), 34 Coxswains, 116 Seamen, 36 Engmeers, 35 Stokers, 4 Boatswains, 1 Motor Mechanic, 8 Detectives, 6 C.C. Searchers, 6 R. Searchers, I female searcher, 17 Boatmen making 300.
The above included all the detectives at the Water Police Station and those employed under the Piracy Prevention Ordinance.
Yearly Return of Changes in the Establishment during the year 1926.
Resignations Dismissals
Struck off
Retirements
Deaths
Invalidėd
12
8
2
3
On transfer to Land Force or otherwise
Enlistments
Vacancies on 31/12/26
39
37
2
39
CRUISING LAUNCHES.
During the year under review Cruising Launches 1, 2 and 3 have been thoroughly overhauled besides being slipped quarter- ly when minor repairs were effected. These launches are in good order with the exception of No 3 which is not very seaworthy and cannot proceed in rough weather. The Old No. 4 Launch having been condemned, the new No. 4 Taunch, constructed at Messrs. W. S. Bailey & Co.'s Yard, was launched on April 8th 1926, underwent her trials on, April 29th and commenced duty on May 22nd.
HARBOUR LAUNCHES.
Harbour Taunch No. 8 having been condemned, ceased run- ning on 25th November 1925 and has not been replaced, with the
Į
K 39
result that No. 14 Launch, which previously was used as A “stand-by Launch for use of Superintendents and to answer emergency calls, has been employed on Harbour Beats. Nos. 5, 6, 7, 9 and 14 have been overhauled and are in good condition. They have been employed on Harbour Beats through- out the year
MOTOR BOATS.
Motor Boats Nos. 10, 11 and 12 have been overhauled regularly and are in satisfactory condition.
SEARCHLIGHTS.
Searchlights on Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 14 Launches have been tested regularly and are in good order.
PULLING BOATS.
All Pulling Boats and gear are in good order.
WIRELESS.
No. 4 Launch is fitted with wireless and supplied with one operator. Wireless has been of very great value. It is hoped that all Cruising Launches will eventually be fitted with wireless and two operators supplied to each Launch. Authority has been obtained to fit wireless in No 2 Launch and work commenced in December 1926.
Vickers Gu
MUSKETRY.
courses have been fired every quarter ov Nos. 1. 2, 3 and 4 Launches. Guns are in good condition. Chinese boatswains, coxswains and seamen who normally carry firearms have been periodically exercised in the use of Revolvers and Winchester Rifles and courses have been fired.
K 40
Annexe B.
POLICE TRAINING SCHOOL REPORT FOR 1926.
Principal
Asst. Principal
I.
STAFF.
Insp. Paterson
S.I. McLellan
Musketry Instructor
Asst. Musketry Instructor
Physical Drill Instructor
Indian Teacher and Interpreter First Chinese Teacher
Barrack Sergt. and Drill Instructor. L.S.A. 68 Baker
S.I. Booker
L.S.A. 153 Fell
P.S.A. 39 Hunt
Mr. K. Sohan Singh
and
Interpreter
Mr. Pun Yau Tong
Second Chinese
Teacher and
Interpreter
Chinese Vernacular Teacher Clerk
In Charge of Indian recruits
Chinese
Mr. Yeung Siu Nung Mr. Ng Cheuk Wah Mr. Lo Yu Hung
S.I. Miriam Baksh
Sgt. Major Kwong Tin Kan
Six Indian Drill Instructors. Two Chinesc Drill Instructors.
II. RECRUITING TABLE FROM 1.1.26. To 31.12.26.
Euro-
pean.
Canton-
Indian.
District Watch-
esc.
men.
Continuing instruction
from 1925
18
57
7
Recruited
19
128
97
21
Passed out
21
68
110
22
Struck off
2
5
B3
Continuing Instruction
1927
14
112
25
6
III.
EXAMINATIONS.
During the year twenty examinations
were
held
for
promotion. The following table shews the number of Officers ·
who qualified for the various ranks.
In- Sub In- spector. spector.
Sergeant
Lance Sergeant.
Europeans Indians
Chinese (Cantonese)
1.
i
14
10
K 41
IV. SPECIAL TUITION.
Selected Northern Chinese regular police are at present undergoing special tuition in Traffic duties.
V.-DISCIPLINE.
The conduct of recruits was satisfactory on the whole. One European and four Cantonese recruits were dismissed for misconduct one European and one Cantonese recruits were permitted to resign; and five Indian and ten Cantonese recruits were struck off as unsuitable for police duty.
Annexe C.
ANNUAL REPORT ON WORKING OF "STREET BOYS CLUB' FOR
1926.
The Street Boys Club was instituted in April 1926 with a view to providing a home, honest employment, and regular food, to homeless Chinese boys under the age of 18, who otherwise would have slept in the streets, lived on their wits, and sooner or later got into trouble for hawking without licences, theft, and snatching.
Accommodation has been provided for the members at Police Headquarters, and each boy on joining has been granted a small sum from the Police Court Poor Box, by the 1st Police Magistrate, to enable him to purchase a suit of clothes. Each member pays a monthly subscription of 25 cents to the Club, has been given a free hawkers licence, and lent a small sum of money with which to start his business.
At the end of May the membership numbered 12, which had risen to 20 at the end of the year.
In July the Ying Wah College Authorities very kindly took the boys as free night school pupils. They have been attending nightly and have almost all obtained good school reports.
In October arrangements were made for boys to be supplied with 2 meals a day at a cost of 20 cents per diem, which they pay for themselves at the end of the month. This ensures their getting regular meals. At the end of the year permanent em- ployment had been obtained for 9 boys, all of whom are doing well.
Towards the end of the year an appeal for funds was issued to various European firms and Chinese friends, who generously subscribed $2291.00.
This money will be chiefly used for the hire of new club premises somewhere near Police Headquarters, as owing to expansion at Police Headquarters, the present premises will soon have to be vacated.
It is significant that the average number of juvenile offenders in Victoria Gaol during the month of December has been 12 in past years whereas it was only 3 in December 1926.
K 42
REPORT BY THE CHIEF OFFICER, HONG KONG FIRE BRIGADE.
1. Cost of Fire Brigade:-The cost of the Fire Brigade for the year 1926 was $206,232.50 as compared with $333,846.00 in 1925 and $199,570.00 in 1924. Special Expenditure amount- ing to $58,165.31 is included.
2. New Fire Float:-The new Fire Float, No. 3, was brought into use in April 1926.
3. New Fire Station:-The new Central Fire Station was completed and occupied in October 1926.
4. Recruits:-The Brigade is still somewhat hampered by the difficulty in finding suitable recruits. The number of firemen is still short of the Estimates (120). Motor Drivers are also difficult to obtain and the Brigade is now relying almost entirely on training its own men:
5. Fire Brigade Enquiry:-As the result of a very serious fire (details of which are given below) which occurred at the Hong Kong Hotel on the 1st. January 1926 a Committee of Enquiry was appointed by H. E. the Governor to enquire into the working of the Fire Brigade. As a result of this enquiry 4 additional European Sub Officers were provided for in the 1927 Estimates and other increases in personnel and equipment were agreed to.
6. Special Events :·
(i) One of the most serious out-breaks of fire with which the Brigade has had to contend in recent years occurred in the largest Hotel in the Colony, the Hong Kong Hotel, at 8.45 a.m. on the 1st. January 1926. Owing to a delay in calling the Fire Brigade the whole roof of this six storied building was involved before the Fire Brigade arrived. Difficulty was also experienced in getting water at high pressure up to the top floor. Assistance from the Navy and Military was obtained and by noon the fire was under control. By that time however, the 2 upper floors had been completely gutted and portions of floors below were seriously damaged by fire and water. No lives were lost among the occupants of the Hotel but unfortunately a sailor, who was helping the Fire Brigade, fell from an upper storey into the road below and was killed. Shortly after the fire H. E. the Governor ordered an Enquiry to be held to consider sugges- tions for the improvement of the Fire Fighting Organization. The Committee's report was laid before the Legislative Council on the 27th. May 1926.
- K 43
(ii) On the 23rd July 1926 there was a severe rainstorm accompanied by landslides, collapses and casualties. There was also much flooding of streets both in Hong Kong and Kowloon. The most serious landslide occurred at the Peak Pumping Station in the Pokfulam Road, a large boulder weighing approximately 3000 tons became dislodged, rolled down the hillside and com- pletely demolished one end of the Pumping Station which sup- plies the Hill District with water. Four Chinese fitters who were at work on the pumps were crushed to death. Damage amounting to over $1,000,000 was done to roads, nullahs and buildings throughout the Colony. The rainfall amounted to 19′′ in 8 hours. Some of the main thoroughfares were 2 to 3 feet deep in water and when the water subsided, they were impassable owing to the silt left behind.
7. A full report giving details of the working of the Brigade during the year 1926, by the Superintendent of the Fire Brigade is attached.

12th May, 1927.
E. D. C. WOLFE. Chief Officer, Fire Brigade.
K 44
REPORT BY SUPERINTENDENT, HONG KONG FIRE BRIGADE.
CALLS TO FIRES.
The number of calls, received during the year totalled 170; 104 to fires, 31 to chimney fires, 29 false alarms, 5 to collapses or landslides, and 1 to a rescue from sewer.
IV..
There were 6 serious fires, details of which appear in Table
Compared with the previous year (1925) there is a decrease of 10 calls.
Of the false alarms; 5 were maliciously given, 12 were due to electrical faults, while 12 were given with good intent.
LIVES LOST; PERSONS INJURED; PERSONS RESCUED.
Five persons lost their lives or received such injuries that they subsequently succumbed.
Two persons received minor injuries from which they recovered.
One person was rescued by means of Brigade appliances.
Eleven persons were extricated alive by the Brigade from collapses and landslides, while 6 corpses were recovered.
PERSON KILLED WHILE GIVING ASSISTANCE.
Able Seaman E.E. Batchelor of H.M.S. Hawkins was accidentally killed while assisting the Brigade at the Hong Kong Hotel fire on the 1st January 1926.
STAFF INJURED IN THE EXECUTION OF DUTY.
Injuries received by members in the execution of duty are summarised as follows:-
Injuries to head and face
hands and arms
"
body
feet and legs
17
HEALTH OF STAFF.
1
4
3
2
During the year there were 157 cases of illness mostly due
to beri-beri and malaria.
.
K 45
COMMENDATIONS AND AWARDS.
His Excellency the Governor, Sir Cecil Clementi, K.C.M.C was pleased to commend the members of the Fire Brigade on the work performed at the Hong Kong Hotel fire, (1/1/26), also to invest the undermentioned officers and men in connection with the Po Hing Fong disaster, (July 1925).
Superintendent,
H.T. Brooks
Medal of the
Order of St. J John of
Acting Station Officer,
Jerusalem
P:T. Condon
("For conspicuous gal- lantry in saving life at imminent personal risk".
No. 42 Fireman Fan Lam.) "Belilios" Star ("For conspicuous
No. 79 Fireman Lau Kiu..
and $100......
bravery".
Station Officer G. Saunders, was also invested by the Chief Officer, Hon. Mr. E. D. C. Wolfe, with the Long Service Medal of the Professional Fire Brigades Association.
The following members were commended by the Chief Officer during the year.
Foreman Sung Kwai
1) For rescuing a woman from
drowning in the Harbour,
27/5/26.
No. 39 Fireman Cheung Kau ..........J
Coxswain Leung Sai Lo...... For rescuing a woman from drowning
in the Harbour, 21/11/26.
STAFF.
The actual strength of the Brigade on the 31st December, 1926 was as follows:
FIRE STAFF.
Chief Officer. (Hon. C.S.P.)
1 Superintendent.
2 Station Officers.
1 Consulting Engineer. (A.G.M:S.) 1 Mechanical Engineer.
1 Asst: Mechanical Engineer.
(Chinese)
Sub-Officers.
8 Foremen.
10
1
Head Foreman.
1
Asst: Foreman.
66
Firemen.
K 46
22
Motor Drivers.
6
Coxswains.
7
Engineers.
2 Engine Drivers. (land)
11
Stokers.
10 Seamen.
146
CLERICAL & OTHER STAFF.
1 Clerk.
(Chinese)
10 Telephone Clerks.
2
Mechanics.
3
Fitters.
3
Artisans.
6 Lift Operators.
10
Ambulance Attendants.
35
THEATRE AND OTHER DUTIES.
The number of duties performed by members of the Brigade at public and private entertainments during the year was 346; the number of four hour duties being 163, and eight hour duties 183, giving a total of 2,116 hours.
MOTOR AMBULANCE SERVICE.
The number of cases attended during the year by the respective Ambulances is shewn in the summary below from which it will be seen that the number of cases have increased year by year.
Cases
Distance Run
Total
Police Private
(Miles).

No. 3 Ambulance (HongKong)
504
800
1,304
9,217
No. 2
186
450
636
5,470
"
No. 4 No. 1
**
(Kowloon)
187
211
398
2,695

159
140
299
2,262
**
Total.
1,036
1,601 2,637
19,644
– K 47
Previous years.
Last year
(1926)
1925
1924
1923
1922
Cases attended
2,637
2,265
2,129
1,712
1185
REVENUE,
Theatre and other duties
$ 1,038.00
Motor Ambulance Service
$ 7,911.00
Total..

$8,949.00
STREET FIRE ÅLARMS.
25 new Fire Alarms were installed in various districts during Street Fire Alarms now number 42, viz:-30 in
the year.
Hong Kong and 12 in Kowloon.
WATER SUPPLY.
Further and considerable improvements have been made during the year with regard to the water supply for fire fighting purposes; larger mains to replace smaller ones having been laid in the Central and Eastern districts of Hong Kong and in the Mong Kok and Kowloon City districts of the Peninsula.
Further advance has also been made by the substituting of Pedestal Hydrants for a number of ball hydrants.
The advantages Pedestal Hydrants have over ball hydrants are, with regard to fire fighting, so considerable that it is hoped the work will not be relaxed until all the ball hydrants in the Colony have been replaced by Pedestal Hydrants.
The quarterly inspection of hydrants by the Brigade was regularly carried out during the year.
Total number of hydrants inspected being:
Hong Kong, (ball hydrants)
Kowloon,
do )
do
. Hong Kong (pedestal hydrants)
(
Kowloon (
629
317
82
}
46
1,074
- K 48
GENERAL.
Staff. The Chief Officer, (the Hon. Mr. E. D. C. Wolfe) and Station Officer G. C. Moss returned to the Colony from long leave on the 5th February. Mechanical Engineer E. F.. Prown and Asst: Mech: Engineer P. H. P. Brown were engaged locally and appointed to the Brigade on the 1st March. Owing to their leaving the Colony Volunteer Officer Mr. R. M. Austin and Volunteer Fireman R. H. J. Brooks resigned their appointments and were struck off the strength as from the 5th December and 20th January respectvely.
During the year 11 Chinese members resigned, 8 were dismissed, and 18 absconded. 58 Recruits were enrolled and trained as Firemen and passed out of the Drill Class into the Brigade, while 42 men were engaged and appointed to fill vacan- cies in other ranks of the Department.
The Brigade Motor Driving School was re-opened on the 22nd March and continued throughout the year. Four firemen qualified and were appointed as motor drivers in the Depart- ment.
Equipment. The new Fire Float (No. 3) was commissioned on the 7th April following successful steaming, and pumping trials. Demonstrations of its pumping capabilities, which total 4,000 gallons per minute,-greatly impressed the general public who witnessed them.
The undermentioned equipment was supplied during the year to the Brigade:
7,500
1
"Safoam" battery, (comprising 3 units). feet of Hose.
No. 1 Lorry, which was removed to the Kowloon Canton Railway workshops in 1925 with broken differential pinions was out of commission during the whole year; the sending of wrong sized pinions from Home being responsible for the delay.
Nos. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8 and 11 Appliances were completely overhauled while Nos. 7 and 9 Appliances and Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4 Motor Ambulances received minor repairs.
No. 800 Car underwent a general and thorough overhaul during which 4 new mud-guards, a new apron, new hood, and new side curtains were fitted and the car was repainted.
No. 4 Land Steam Fire Engine was brought in from Tai Po, boiler lifted and cleaned, new valves and leathers fitted and the Appliance repainted. Very satisfactory tests were after- wards carried out and the appliance transferred back to Tai Po.
K. 49
Nos. 1 & 2 Fire Floats were respectively docked for annual repairs and repainting.
Aberdeen Pontoon. The engine and boiler having become unfit for further service, the Aberdeen pontoon was piaced out of commission altogether on the 12th January.
Fire Inspection Work shows a return of 55 Theatres, Cinemas, Factories, Oil installations, Garages, and Buildings inspected and reported upon during the year besides 111 inflammable ceremonial structures. Chemical extinguishers were supplied to a number of Government buildings during the year thus providing them with a ready means of dealing with incipient fires.
The thanks of the Brigade are due to the Hong Kong Boy Scouts, the Jocal Members of the St. John's Ambulance Brigade, and the Naval and Military Forces who nave generously and most appreciably assisted the Brigade from tim .to time.
8th March, 1927.
H. T. BROOKS, Superintendent, Fire Brigade.
1
Metal, (copper).
Standpipes.
Smoke Helmets, (bellows).
Proto
self-contained Breathing Apparatus.
"Foamite."
"Safoam" units.
Hand Pumps.
"Ajax"
diaphram.
"London" hand-controlled.
- K 50 -
Table I
STATIONS AND APPLIANCES, 31st DECEMBER, 1926.
CHEMICAL
EXTINCTEURS.
Fire-snow.
ין
* Morris
Babcock Soda-acid.

First Floor, Ladders.
Scaling Ladders.
Hook Ladders.
Despatch Boxes.
$1
Miller
"Soda-acid.
Fire Escapes. 55 ft.
Fire Escapes. 50 ft.
Double-Extension Ladders.
Skiffs.
Motor Tenders. •
Motor Pumps.
Motor Trailer Pumps.
Motor Turntable Ladder.
Motor Lorry.
Steam Fire Engines.
Manual Fire Engine.
Hose Reels.
Fire Floats. (Steam)
WHERE ALLOCATED,
O
:.
2
19
:
:.
***
:
...
:
بر
1
...
11
1
I
20
سات
B
11
*
1
2
2
t
1
2
I
1
1
2
3
2
:
2
ลง
:
I
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:.
Central Station........................ .................
Wanchai Station
Kennedy Town Sub-station
Kowloon Station .......
Mong Kok Sub-station
No. 1 Fire Float
No. 2 Fire Float
No. 3 Fire Float
Shaukiwan Village
Tai Po Village N. T.
Un Long Village
Cheung Chau Island
Outlying Districts
Store (Central).
Total
:

7
2
:
ลง
4:
:
:
I
:
Q
*

2
M
2
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:
:
:
***
2
:
· ་་
:

32
3
2
:
:
:
36
2
1
2
18
2
:
:
10
14
19
42
16
1
16
6
3
17
20
12
105
66
:
:.
:
:
...
:
:
:
:
:
1
2
:
:
:.
J
:
3.
3
1
3
...
le
3
3
4
:
3 Carry Fire Escapes.
Appendix L.
REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISONS FOR THE YEAR 1926.
1. The number of prisoners received into prison during the year and the corresponding number for year 1925 were as follows:
:----
1925.
1926
Convicted by Ordinary Courts Convicted by Court Martial
5.333
5,663
5
4
Debtors
53
64
On remand or in default of finding
surety
948
780
Total
6,339
6,511
There was an
There was an increase of 172 on the total number of admission as compared with the year 1925. increase of prisoners convicted for larceny during the year under review the number being 1,083 against 927 for the previous year.
2. The number of Revenue Grade prisoners admitted to prisons was 4,509 made up as follows:-
Convicted under the Opium Ordinance
Gambling Ordinance
2,595
169
Arms & Ammunition Ord. 41
↑ t
21
Vehicle Ordinance
> }
Harbour Regulations
Water Works
"
105
7
8
3)
}}
Marine Hawkers Ord.
Dangerous Goods Ord,
Chinese Wine and Spirit
Ordinance
Societies Ordinance
27
11
77
16
Public Health and
Buildings Ordinance...
12
Truck Ordinance
13
Women and Girls
1
(Protection) Ord......
11
1
Importation and Exporta-
12
tion Ordinance
Pharmacy and Poisons
Ordinance...
Tobacco Ordinance
6
3
18
Police Regulations
22
""
Carried forward
3,071
permission
L 2
Brought forward
Convicted of removing dead body without
>7
"
committing nuisance in the street.
unlawfully boarding steamers
3,071
5
16
14

hawking without a licence.
443
cruelty to animals
13
""
"
keeping house for prostitution
13
31
illegal pawning
13
drunkenness
16
1
32
trespass
31
>"
disorderly conduct
23
assault
77
,
obstruction
27
>>
"
cutting trees
59
27
33
removing sand without permission.
mendicancy
6
16
??
unlawful possession of lottery
པསྒྱུ
>>
offering bribe
>>
tickets
unlawful possession
stealing
possession of implement fit for
unlawful purpose
obtaining by false pretences
soliciting in a public thoroughfare
for the purpose of prostitution.
unlawful receiving
travelling on tram car without
paying legal fare
spitting in Court
39
313
166
27
21
36
3
51
6
4
Total
4,509
3. The above figures show that 78 per cent of the total admissions to prison were Revenue Grade prisoners.
The following table shows the number of prisoners com- mitted to prison without the option of fine and in default of payment of fine:-
In default of payment of fine.
Without
Served the
Year. option of
Paid full
fine.
imprison-
fine.
Paid part Total.
fine.
ment.
1925
613
4,331
74
315
5,333
1926
1,154
3,946
117
446
· 5,663
L 3
4 Fifty four (54) juveniles were admitted during the year, with sentences varying from 24 hours detention to 12 months hard labour. In 2 cases corporal punishment was awarded in addition.
5. The percentage of convicted prisoners admitted to prison with previous convictions recorded against them was 19 as com- pared with 17.5 for 1925.
6. There were 133 prisoners admitted who were convicted by the Police Courts in the New Territories against 134 for the previous year.
7. The following table shows the number of convictions in custody on the 31st December for the past 10 years, and the percentage of the total number of prisoners in custody to the estimated population of Hong Kong:-
Percentage
Year. Estimated Number of
of
Daily
average number of
Precentage
to
population. convicts. population.
prisoners.
population.
1917 535,100
209
*038
600
112
1918 558,000
224
040
601
·108.
1919
598,100
259
⚫043
756
*126
1920 648,150
275
*043
755
·117
1921 665,350
231
*035
764
*115
1922
662,200
259
*039
787
119
1923
681,800
294
*043
861
126
1924 799,550
345
*043
1,066
133
1925 874,420
394
*045
1,116
•128
1926
786,920
409
*052
1,054
*134
8. There were 516 punishments awarded for breach of prison discipline as compared with 792 for the preceding year. Corporal punishment was inflicted in five cases for prison offences.
9. Seventy seven (77) prisoners were whipped by order of courts.
10. There was no escape, or attempt to escape.
11. There were 18 deaths (13 natural causes and 5 execu- tions.)
12. 13,319,014 forms were printed and issued to various Government Departments and 74,030 books bound or repaired, as compared with 13,069,606, forms and 74,497 books in 1925. During the year type to the value of $9,000 was cast at an approximate outlay for material and labour of $1,400. The type casting machine was purchased in 1925 for £871.
L 4
13. More land was resumed at Lai Chi Kok in November 1926 and as much as possible placed under cultivation. This land gives part employment to 40 prisoners. The staff is too limited to permit the employment of prisoners all day on this particular work.
14. Victoria Gaol is still over-crowded although more pri- soners have been transferred to Lai Chi Kok. Authority has been given for the improvement of the Hospital, Reception and office accommodation and this improvement it is hoped will be partially effected in 1927.
15. Several buildings were found to be in a bad state of repair; a paper store, the roofs of "F" Hall and Female Prison were condemned. These will be renewed in 1927.
16. The conduct of both European and Indian Staff with few exceptions has been very good.
17. The general health of the staff has been good. As usual there was a considerable amount of malaria at Lai Chi Kok but there were no serious cases.
18. The appliance for use in case of fire are in good con- dition but inadequate. The question of fire appliances and the water supply is under consideration.
19. The rules laid down for the Government of prisons have been complied with.
.20. I append the usual returns.
6th May, 1927.
J. W. FRANKS, Superintendent of Prisons..
=
Table I.
Return showing the Expenditure and Income for the year 1926.
EXPENDITURE,·
C.
INCOME.
Pay and allowance of officers including Uui- form, etc.
Earning of prisoners
315,951.13
Debtors' subsistence
Victualling of prisoners
88,598.51
Naval
do.
Fuel, light, soap, and dry earth
38,536.90
Military
do.
Clothing of prisoners, bedding, and furniture
29,250.88
Marine
do.
To Balance
Total
1925
$472,337.42
$462,827.04
Total.
Average annual cost per prisoner $306,11, in 1925 $305.20, and in 1924 $237.56.
('.
148,667.80
509.75
H
59.50
I
73.85
386.40
322,640.12
$472,337.42
L 6
Table II.
Return showing Expenditure and Income for the past 10 years.
Year. Expenditure. Income.
Actual cost of prisoners' maintenance.
Average
cost per
prisoner.

C.
C.
SA
C.
1917.... 108,212.42
68,815.01
89,397.42
65.66
1918.
108,651.95
70,747 97
37,903.98
63.07
1919...... 135,550.16
69,277.07
66,273.09
87.66
1920...... 258,609.17
66,547.61
192,061.56
254.37
1921...... 297,970.56
79,635.73
218,334.83
286.78
1922......
291,175.12
126,124.62
165,050.50
209.72
• 324,698.26
1923..
1924.... 375,158.14
1925...... 462,827.14 122,221.20
117.302.22
207,396.04
240.88
121,664.03
253,137.11
237.56
340,605.84
305.20
1926...... 472,337.42 148,667.08
322,640.12
306.11
Table III.
Return showing value of Industrial Labour for the year 1926.
2
Value of
stock on
Value of
Nature of Industry.
hand
materials
Total Dr.
January 1st purchased.i
1926.
+
Value of
articles
manufactur- ed or work
ö
6
Value of
articles
Valne of
manufactur-
stock on
ed or work
hand
Total Cr.
done for
December
done for
Gaol or other 31st, 1926.
payment. Departments,
Value of
carnings.
(Difference
between
columns
3 and 7.)
· L7-
C.
C.
C.
c.
C.
$
Oakum,
83.79
83.79
336.00
Coir,.....
2,901.76
3,772.68
6,674.44
2,425.52
2,186.89
83.79
4,328.48
419.79
8,940.89
C.
836.00
2,266.45
Net-making,
Tailoring,
3.01
4,818.38
335.44
338.45
574.65
109.30
2.55
10,463.91
15,282.29
15.65
3,034.20
14,780.80
686.50
17,830.65
348.05
2,548.36
Rattan,
10.44
608.10
618.54
2.55
783.00
15.80
801.35
182.81
Tin-smithing,
119.55
...
1,573.53
1,693.08
161.41
2,815.36
222.83
3,199.60
1,506,52
Carpentering,
853.83
3,982.71
4,836.54
687.15
2,940.72
2,359.87
5,987.74
1,151.20
Grass-matting,
85
198.60
199.45
63.18
316.80
1.98
381.96
182.51
Shoe-making,
1,554.20
9,623.62
11,181.82
51.87 9,092.19
2,951.60
12,098.66
916.84
Laundry,
Printing and Bookbinding,
11.32
42,308.88
2,578.05
41,489.14
,
Photography,
4.16
740.60
2.589.37
83,798,02
744.76
Total,..........
..$ 52,674.17
75,366.38 128,040.55
23,135.62 212,750.69 128,952.67 6.45 1,110.77
4,659.91 224,149.85 47,898.59 276,708.35 148,667.80
Paid into Bank during 1926, which sum includes $276.03 for work executed in 1925, $4,029,98. Value of work executed during 1926 for which payment was deferred to 1927, $232.26.
26.58 12,463.35 300.85 189,314.22 11.50
9.82
12,499.75
9,910.38
1,093.82
366,01
SANITARY REPORT
HONG KONG
FOR THE YEAR
1926.

M 3
CONTENTS.
Page
1. Report of the Head of the Sanitary Department :-
Sanitary Board Members
...
5
Legislation
...
6
Staff
6-8
Administration
...
...
8-10
Work done under the Public Health & Buildings
Ordinance
...10-11
Work done under Food and Drugs Ordinance and Sec.
83, P. H. & B. O.
...11-12
Scavenging
Vaccination of children...
Refuse Removal
Nightsoil Removal...
Work done at Disinfecting Stations Ambulance and Dead Box Service Public Bath Houses
Water Closets and Public Conveniences
Markets and Special Food Licences
Cemeteries, Mortuaries, Crematoria Births and Deaths Registration Revenue and Expenditure
2. Report of the Medical Officer of Health :-
Meteorological data
12
...12-13
B
13
14
...
...
15
16
17

17
...17-18
19
20
Population
Immigration and Emigration
Births
Deaths
...
Age distribution of deaths
Tables
3. Report of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon
Staff
General Statistics
Lard Factories
...
...
...
45
...
45
48
...
:..
48
49
...
50
r
57-75

233
77
77
78
M 4
CONTENTS,—Continued.
Crematorium
Grass growing
Quarantine
Observation Cases...
:ཡས་མ
4. Appendices (H. S. D.'s Report) :·
Appendix A. Staff...
B. Nuisances reported.......
classified
:
...
by Health Districts
25
C.
""
""
D. (i),
D. (ii) Prosecutions
E. House Cleansing
25
...
Page
78
...
80
...
80
...
80
::
::
F. (i) Number of Chinese Houses, Hong Kong
""
""
F. (ii)
* * * *
""
>>
""
G. Houses limewashed
H. Children vaccinated
I.
Kowloon.
Table 1. Cost of Refuse Collection
2.
**
49
Removal...
21
23
24
25
...
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
33
34
...
35
36
...
37
38
""
3. Comparative cost for 2 years...
J. List of Ambulance and Dead Van Stations
...
"
""
K. Markets revenue
...
"
L. Burial space in Cemeteries
35
M. Certified and Uncertified deaths
N. Revenue...
22
0. Expenditure
• 4
...
...39-40
63
64
65

66
67
5. Tables (M. O. H.'s Report) :-
Table 1. Deaths registered
6. Maps:-
""
">
2. Notifiable diseases cases
3.
""
distribution
4. Monthly distribution of plague infected
rats
***
5. Number and causes of deaths
Hong Kong Health Districts
...
::
Kowloon
**
"
41
43

M 5
REPORT OF THE HEAD OF THE SANITARY
DEPARTMENT.
1.--SANITARY BOARD.
The following were members of the Sanitary Board during the year:
President, the Head of the Sanitary Department, Mr. N. L. Smith, for whom Mr. R. A. D. Forrest acted from 28th September to 14th October.
Vice-President, the Director of Public Works, the
Honourable Mr. H. T. Creasy.
The Secretary for Chinese Affairs, the Honourable Mr. E. R. Hallifax, C.M.G., C.B.E., for whom Mr. D. W. Tratman acted from 9th January to 30th April and Mr. R. A. C. North acted from 14th July to 24th July.
The Medical Officer of Health, Mr. W. W. Pearse, M.D., D.P.H., proceeded on leave on 29th May and Mr. A. G. M. Severn, M.D., D.P.H., was appointed to act as Medical Officer of Health from 29th May. Dr. Severn proceeded on leave on 24th October and Mr. G. W. Pope, L.R.C.P. & S., D.P.II, was appointed to act as Medical Officer of Health from 25th October.
Lieutenant-Colonel S. Boylan Smith, D.S.O., O.B.E.,
R.A.M.C.
Dr. W. V. M. Koch went on leave on 20th October.
Mr. J. P. Braga appointed on 8th November to act during the absence on leave of Dr. W. V. M. Koch.
Mr. Seen-wan Tso. LL.D.
Mr. Wong Kwong-tin.
Mr. C. G. Alabaster, K.C., O.B.E., resigned on expiry
of term of office on 11th April.
Dr. S. C. Ho appointed on 22nd May vice Mr. C. G.
Alabaster, K.C., O.B.E.
Dr. J. C. Macgown.
M 6
2. LEGISLATION.
The following By-law was made by the Board.
The Prevention and Mitigation of Epidemic, Endemic,
Contagious or Infectious Disease By-laws were amended so as to restrict the sale of cut fruit or ice-cream or any frozen or chilled preparation, such By-laws to come into force only after a notification to that effect shall have appeared in the Government Gazette.
3.-DEPARTMENTAL STAFF.
The Medical Officer of Health Dr. W. W. Pearse, M.D., D.P.H., proceeded on leave on 29th May pending retirement on 29th October and Dr. A. G. M. Severn, M.D., D.P.H., was appointed. to act as Medical Officer of Health as from 29th May.
Dr. A.G.M. Severn proceeded on leave on 24th October and his services with the Hong Kong Government ceased on 25th November.
Dr. G. W. Pope, L.R.C.P., & S., D.P.HI., was appointed to act as Medical Officer of Health from 25th October.
Inspectors:-
The Establishment was increased by 1 First Class Inspector and 4 Second Class Inspectors.
DEPARTURES.
ARRIVALS.
On
NAME.
On
Leave.
On Miscell- Appoint- Transfer. aneous. ment.
From Miscell- Leave. aneous.
REMARKS.
- M 7 —
Inspector Reid, J.
6.2.26.
Blake, M. T. H.
6.2.26.
10.12.26.
26.11.26.
Haigh, G.
11.8.26.
Struck off Establishment.
Ponsford, E. N.
29.3.26.
>>
Gipson, G.
3.4.26.
,"
Thomson, W.
25.6.26.
Armstrong, T.
Phillips, D. W.
19.8.26.
1.9.26.
Senior Inspector Duncan, R.
16.9.26
Inspector Seddon, T.
16.9.26.
Millington, H.
2.10.26.
Senior Inspector Knight, H. J.
8.10.26.
On Retirement.
Inspector Savage, E.
13.11.26.
Kelly, S.
16.11.26.
Promotions:
M 8
Second Class Inspector J. Reid promoted to First
Class Inspector as from 1st January 1926.
Inspector R. C. Witchell continued to act as Senior Inspector vice Senior Inspector R. Duncan on leave till 6th April 1926; afterwards acted as Senior Inspector vice Senior Inspector H. J. Knight on leave as from 7th April 1926 till 7th October 1926.
Inspector A. K. Taylor appointed to act as Senior Inspector vice Senior Inspector R. Duncan on leave as from 7th April 1926 till 15th September 1926.
Second Class Inspector J. G. Hooper promoted to First
Class Inspector as from 1st October 1926.
First Class (Acting Senior Inspector) R. C. Witchell promoted to Senior Inspector as from 8th October 1926.
Second Class Inspector S. Eccleshall promoted to First
Class Inspector as from 8th October 1926.
Clerical Staff:--
* Mr. D. Davies, First Clerk and Assistant Secretary was on leave from 6th March to 30th October. Mr. J. Watson acted.
Four Class VI Clerks were added.
For distribution of Staff see Appendix A.
4. ADMINISTRATION.
General Sanitary Work: —' -The area controlled by the Sanitary Board is limited to the Island of Hong Kong and to Kowloon and New Kowloon.
For the purpose of administering the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance the Island of Hong Kong is divided into the City of Victoria; its extension eastwards as far as and including Shaukiwan: the Hill District and the outlying villages of Aberdeen. Aplichau, Stanley and Taitam.
The City proper is divided into eastern, central, western- central and western districts each with a sanitary office, and subdivided into 12 Health Districts each with a Sanitary Inspec- tor in charge, (see map A). The Hill District is worked in conjunction with Health District 3. The Shaukiwan extension has a Sanitary Inspector in charge. The Sanitary Inspector posted in Aberdeen is in charge of Aberdeen, Aplichau, Stanley and Taitam districts.
M 9
Kowloon is divided into Kowloon peninsula, Shamshuipo and Kowloon City each with a sanitary office, and subdivided into seven Health Districts each with a Sanitary Inspector (see map B).
Scavenging and Nightsoil Removal:-For the purpose of Refuse Collection the City and Hill District is divided into three main districts East, Central and West, each with an Inspector in charge. There are two Inspectors in charge of Kowloon peninsula and the District Inspector of Health District 15 com- bines supervision of refuse collection with district work. The Inspector in charge of Shaukiwan Health District also supervises refuse collection in this district. The villages of Aberdeen, Aplichau, Stanley and Taitam are scavenged by contractors under supervision of the Sanitary Inspector in charge. Inspectors in charge of refuse collection also supervise the removal of nightsoil in this area; the removal itself is carried out by contractors.
The disposal of refuse from the City of Victoria and Kowloon is supervised by a Senior Sanitary Inspector who is also in charge of street-watering in Victoria. Kowloon street- watering is under the direction of the Inspector in charge of Scavenging (Kowloon).
Disinfection-For the purposes of disinfection of infected clothing there is a Disinfecting Station in Victoria and a Disinfecting Station in Kowloon each under the control of an Inspector. Transport is made by means of an infected-clothing motor van on either side. Use is also made of portable "Sack Disinfectors.
Cemeteries :—Public cemeteries on Hong Kong Island and Kowloon are under the charge of a special Inspector and the Inspector in charge of Kowloon Disinfecting Station respectively.
Markets: --The Central and Western Markets are under an Overseer. Other markets are supervised by the local district Inspectors.
Veterinary Work:-There is a Government depot at Kennedy Town (Hong Kong) for the reception of all cattle, sheep, swine, and goats brought into the Colony for slaughter. There are also Government Slaughter Houses at Kennedy Town and Ma Tan Kok (Kowloon) and controlled slaughter houses at Aberdeen and Sai Wan Ho at one of which all animals for food must be slaughtered. The Government depot and slaughter houses are under the direct charge of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon and Assistant Colonial Veterinary Surgeon and a staff of four Inspectors. All beef in Hong Kong and Kowloon is conveyed from slaughter house to market in specially constructed motor vans.
M 10
Depot fees are 50 cents for cattle, 10 cents for sheep, 10 cents for swine. Slaughter fees (which are not additional to depot fees) are 40 cents for cattle, 20 cents for sheep and 30 cents for swine. There is a crematorium at Kennedy Town Slaughter House at which carcases can be destroyed on payment of a prescribed fee. A certain number of private factories are established in the immediate vicinity of the Government Slaughter Houses (Kennedy Town and Ma Tau Kok) at which lard and meat products derived solely from these slaughter houses are prépared for export under the direct supervision of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon and his staff:
5.-WORK DONE UNDER THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND
BUILDINGS ORDINANCE.
(i) Sanitary nuisances and Contraventions of Sanitary By- laws-Appendix B shows the total number of nuisances re- ported and the action taken to obtain compliance and the amount of fines. For the second half of the year it has been the practice to omit the warning letters which precede Legal Notices in the case of considerably more nuisances than here- tofore, with a corresponding effect on the statistics regarding compliance. Of the total number of nuisances reported in which action was taken 27% were abated after receipt of a letter. In 630 cases a legal notice failed to produce compliance. Of the summonses which followed 569 secured convictions, 21 were discharged, 4 abandoned and 36 withdrawn.
Appendix C shows the nuisances in respect of which action was taken.
Appendix D (1) shows the Health Districts from which these nuisances were reported and Appendix D (ii) gives details of all prosecutions and the amount of fines inflicted.
(ii) Building Nuisances :-Appendix' D (i) line 1 shows by districts the number of nuisances under Part III of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance reported by this Department to the Building Authority for action. These are additional to those referred to in paragraph (i) above.
(iii) Miscellaneous Improvements: -Appendix D (i) lines. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, shows miscellaneous improvements effected by District Inspectors in their districts. Lines 9, 10, 11, 12, show
the number of houses demolished and erected. The great ma- jority of these are tenement houses.
(iv) House Cleansing:-The routine work under the by- laws for the Prevention and Mitigation of Epidemic disease was carried out during the year. Appendix E shows the number of floors cleansed in the various districts and as compared with the last two years.
M 11
House cleansing is carried on continuously on five mornings a week throughout the year by the staff. Appendix F shows approximately the total number of Chinese houses liable for cleansing.
(v) Limewashing:—The usual limewashing required by the Domestic Cleanliness and Ventilation by-laws was carried out during the year. Appendix G shows the number of floors lime- washed. The difference between the total and the total in Appendix F is due partly to exemptions, many floors being new and not requiring limewashing. A certain number has also been carried over into 1927.
(vi) Rat Catching:-Twenty-eight members of the cleansing staff were employed during the year setting traps, bird lime boards and rat poison; also collecting rats from street rat- bins, private. premises, etc., and taking them to the Public Mortuary for examination. Special campaigns in February and November were undertaken when rat-poison was distributed throughout urban districts. The total number of rats caught
was:-
Hong Kong
Kowloon
93,250
36,665
Of these, none were found to be plague infected.
(vii) Mosquito Prevention:-The routine work of oiling pools and inspecting dwellings for breeding places was carried. out by district Inspectors, as well as by one Overseer and two Foremen with coolies specially employed, and full use was made of the powers given by the by-laws for the Prevention of Dissemination of Disease by Mosquitoes. The usual cutting of undergrowth in May and October was also carried out in conjunction with the Botanical and Forestry Department and the Military Authorities (as regards Military lands).
6.-WORK DONE UNDER THE FOOD AND DRUGS ORDINANCE AND SECTION 83 OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND BUILDINGS ORDINANCE.
133 samples of fresh milk were submitted for analysis under section 12 of the Food and Drugs Ordinance of which 128 were found to pass, the standard and 5 to be below
standard.
M 12
In addition samples of Food and Drugs were taken as follows:-
Milk, Tinned
Milk, Skimmed
1
Bread
37
Flour
19
Butter
13
Cheese
7
Coffee
21
Tea
12
Sugar
27
Mustard
11
Miscellaneous
9
(Bean Curd, Cheese, Lard. Etc.)
Pepper
Vinegar
9
22
17
Oils, Tinctures, Ointments, Etc.
Prosecution were undertaken in 8 cases where the samples failed to satisfy the legal requirements.
There were no food stuffs seized and ordered to be destroyed under Section 83 of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance
7.-VACCINATION.
Under the new Vaccination Ordinance, No. 12 of 1923, all Public Vaccinators are since 1st January, 1924 under the control of the Principal Civil Medical Officer, who is the Superintendent of Vaccination. As Registrar of Births, the Head of the Sanitary Department is responsible for ensuring the vaccination of all children whose births are registered, and Appendix H shows the results of action so taken.
8. SCAVENGING.
Approximately 342 tons of refuse were received daily at the refuse depots from the City of Victoria, Hill District. Shaukiwan, Quarry Bay and Kowloon Peninsula. About 5 tons
M 13
daily were collected from Kowloon City and dumped on waste ground. The cost of the service in Hong Kong (including Shaukiwan and Quarry Bay) and Kowloon is shown in Appendix I attached. Table III shows a comparison with last year, but it will be some time before such statistics will be of real value, for the following reasons:-(a) the 1925 Strike made it im-
• possible to estimate the exact cost of the services in question, (b) the introduction of motor refuse-lorries and the abolition of the old bullock-carts has been gradual and is only now nearly complete.
There are now 12 refuse-lorries in use, 9 being used in Hong Kong and 3 in Kowloon,
Outlying villages of Stanley and Taitam, and Aberdeen and Aplichau were scavenged by contract at a yearly charge of $350 for the first two and $180 for latter two. The contractor has the privilege of receiving nightsoil in each case in addition.
9.-REFUSE REMOVAL.
The bulk of the refuse from the City of Victoria and Kowloon was barged away to sea as hitherto. Some 13,664 tons were dumped at Cheung Sha Wan where a reclamation is being gradually formed.
Appendix 1, Table II shows cost of removal from Victoria, the Hill District and Kowloon Peninsula. Figures for the last two years will be found in Table III, but in this case again a comparison with previous years in misleading as the maintenance etc., of the towing launch, steam lighters and barges now comes under a Harbour Department vote.
Barges were delayed on 3 occasions by weather conditions.
10.-NIGHTSOIL REMOVAL.
The contractors for the removal of nightsoil from Victoria and the Kowloon Peninsula, Shaukiwan and Quarry Bay, Aberdeen and Aplichau, Stanley and Taitam respectively carried out their work satisfactorily. The contracts for Victoria and Kowloon were extended for a further term of two years from 1st October.
During the year the monthly payment due from the contrac- tor was reduced by $1,535.00 in respect of flush-closets opened in Victoria and $1,336.90 in respect of flush-closets opened in Kowloon and owing to exceptional circumstances the con- tractor was relieved of all payment of fees for six months aunounting to $13,668.60. The total deduction amounted to $28,410.00 for Victoria and $19,721.40 for Kowloon,
11.-WORK DONE AT DISINFECTING STATIONS.
The appended table shows the number of articles and vehicles disinfected and washed after disinfection during 1926. The figures for 1925 are given for comparison. During the year portable "sack" disinfectors have been introduced and used in the eastern and western areas.
1925.
1926.
Hong Kong
Disinfecting Station.
Kowloon
Disinfecting Station.
Hong Kong Disinfecting Station.
Kowloon
Eastern
Western
Disinfecting
District
District
Station.
Office.
Office.
Portable Sack Disinfectors
Number of Articles Dis-
infected
14,740
3,307
19,911
3,548
237
543
Number of Public Vehicles
291
97
118
244
Disinfected
Number of Days Dis-
infecting Apparatus
in Use
217
108
177
236
Number of Articles wash-
ed after Disinfection..
5,537
27
4,384
91
11
M 14 -
During the year no new carts were constructed at the Hong Kong Disinfecting Station.
Miscellaneous repairs
and new construction were done to the value of $6,615.36. At Kowloon Disinfecting Station miscellaneous repairs to the value of $1,291.14 were done.
12.-AMBULANCE AND DEAD BOX SERVICE.
Ambulances and Dead Boxes are obtainable at any time of the day or night at the two Disinfecting Stations and also by day at the Eastern and Western Sanitary Offices at which a staff of bearer is kept. This service is now supplementary to that of the Motor Ambulances, which are controlled by the Police Department. The appended table shows the number of times man-power ambulances and dead boxes were used.
Ambulances, European
Ambulances, Chinese
Dead Boxes
Hong Kong Disinfecting
Station.
Kowloon
Disinfecting Station.
Eastern
District
Office.
Western
District
Office.
12
1
62
90
15
63
526
1,224
337
434
- M 15 -
Appendix J shows the stations at which the Sanitary Department ambulances are obtainable in emergencies. At these stations there are no bearers attached and volunteer bearers must be obtained when required. There was again a reduction in the use of man-power ambulances due to the wider ambulances.
use of the motor
13.--PUBLIC BATH-HOUSES.
The appended table shows the number of men, women, and children who used the Bath-Houses during
1925 and 1926.
1925.
1926.
Men.
Women.
Children.
Men.
Women.
Children.
Wanchai, Cross Lane Bath-House
123,482
36,449
· 31,574
216,101
90,855
61,320
Second Street Bath-
House
+18,859
+14,111
+18,403
242,600
165,700
193,356
Pakhoi Street Bath-
House
*7,738
*5,046
*7,429
$39,001
$17,925
$16,838
Pound Lang Bath-House.
125,271
36,265
9,911
167,299
42,008
15,056
**Figures as from 1st September 1925. The date on which Pakhoi Street Bath-House was first opened. +Figures as from 18th November 1925. The date on which Second Street Bath-House was first opened. #Pakhoi Street Bath-House was not in use from 6th March to 12th April 1926 owing to water restrictions,
M 16

M 17
14.-WATER CLOSETS AND PUBLIC CONVENIENCES.
During the year no public trough closets were completed.
.Two privately owned public dry latrines were closed. Only four of these latrines now remain in Hong Kong.
The Board approved the installation of 817 water closets, 6 trough closets and 127 urinals on private` premises.
· 15.-MARKETS AND SPECIAL FOOD LICENCES,
No new market was opened during the year. The Praya East Matshed Market was closed.
An extension of 20 stalls to Hung Hom Market was com- pleted.
105 additional food licences were issued under section 78 of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance.
Appendix K gives details of rentals of the various markets.
16.-CEMETERIES, MORTUARIES, CREMATORIA,
(1) Appendix L shows approximate burial space in the main cemeteries and the net available space on 31st December.
(2) (a) Exhumations:-Exhumations were carried out by relatives as follows:
Aberdeen
Cheung Sha Wan
14
1
Chinese Permanent
2
Chai Wan
15
Colonial
2
Hau Pui Lung
683
Kai Lung Wan East
148
Kowloon Tong
22
Ma Tau Wai
47
Mount Caroline
336
Mount Davis
4
Roman Catholic
12
Sai Yu Shek
26
Tung Wah Hospital
26
From places other than authorized
cemeteries
1,340
M 18
(2) (b) General Exhumations at the public expense were completed at the following cemeteries:-
----
Kai Lung Wan West
Kai Lung Wan East Mount Caroline.
2,862
992
468.
3,322
(3) Cremations:-
10 bodies were cremated at the Japanese Crematorium
and 19 at the Sikh Temple.
(4) Mortuaries:
183 bodies were awaiting burial at the Tung Wah
Hospital Mortuary in 1926:
(5) Removals:
-
308 bodies were removed from the Colony before
burial.
(6) Interments
The following table shows the number of interments at the various cemeteries during the year 1926:-
Colonial
Public.
Mount Caroline
Chai Wan
Christian
Stanley
Aberdeen
Shek O
Kai Lung Wan East
Sai Yu Shek
Ho Man Tin
Tai Shek Ku
Private.
51 Roman Catholic, Happy
938
Valley
279 Mohammedan, Happy
3
Valler
123
53
12 Jewish, Happy Valley... 3 220 Parsee,
4 Malay,
1
..1,124 Chinese Roman Catholic 1,295
172 Tung Wah Hospital
.3,902 Chinese Permanent
4 Chinese Protestant
6,709
.4.158
102
57
Chinese Christian, Kowloon 42
Eurasian
Chiu Chow Community
6
18
5,858
M 19
17.-BIRTHS AND DEATHS REGISTRATION,
The General Registration Office established by Ordinance No. 7 of 1896, as amended by Ordinance No. 26 of 1923, for registration of both births and deaths is situated at the Sanitary Department Head Office.
At this office all non-Chinese births and deaths must be registered. Chinese are required to register in the district within which the birth or death occurred. A list of such district registries for births and deaths respectively is appended. Yaumati, Nos. 2 and 7 Police Stations are available for registra- tion of deaths on Sundays and Public Holidays only, when the General Registration office is closed. The Head of the Sanitary Department is ex officio Registrar and has appointed the Police officers in charge of stations, the Inspector in charge of Kowloon Disinfecting Station and the principal clerks in charge of Dispensaries on the appended list as assistant registrars.
Deaths registration, being a necessary preliminary to burial, is almost universal but there is considerable ignorance of the law among Chinese as regards registering of births. As a proof of this it may be pointed out that the records of registered midwives show, a total of 7,315 births, whereas only 3,224 births were actually registered during the year. Female births in particular are frequently not registered. This is no doubt due to the presence of a large fluctuating population completely unac- customed to the system.
Appendix M shows the ratio of Certified and Uncertified
deaths.
DEATH REGISTRATION OFFICES.
Sanitary Department, Head Office. Kowloon Disinfecting Station.
Shaukiwan Police Station.
Aberdeen Police Station.
No. 7 Police Station.
No. 2 Police Station.
Kowloon City Police Station.
Sham Shui Po Police Station.
Stanley Police Station.
Yaumati Police Station.
BIRTH REGISTRATION OFFICES.
Sanitary Department, Head Office. Yaumati Chinese Public Dispensary. Hunghom Chinese Public Dispensary. Sham Shui Po Chinese Public Dispensary. Kowloon City Chinese Public Dispensary. Eastern Chinese Public Dispensary. Western Chinese Public Dispensary. Central Chinese Public Dispensary. Shaukiwan Chinese Public Dispensary. Aberdeen Police Station. Stanley Police Station.
M 20
18.—REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.
(1) Appendix N shows under the various heads the revenue collected by the Department during 1926 and also the revenue paid into the Treasury in respect of the Department's contracts. As regards the former, markets and special food licences showed a considerable increase, but this was more than offset by the great reduction in slaughter-house fees. As regards the latter, an increase in both the "blood and hair" contracts was more than offset by the fact that the conservancy contractors were allowed considerable reductions on account of the unsettled state of the West River district.
(2) Appendix O shows under various heads the Depart- ment's expenditure for the year 1926. The saving of nearly $50,000 compared with the previous year was due to a number of economies, the votes for disinfectants, dust-carts and bullocks being those to show the principal savings. The running expenses of motor vehicles continued to increase with the additional lorries.
April, 1927.
N. L. SMITH.
Head of the Sanitary Department.
Shankiwan
1.
:
- M 21 -
Appendix A. 1926.
2a.
. 2.
:
*8[
::
3.
4.
::
5.
6.
:
წმ.
H. D.'s.
::
7a.
:
Co
:
:
...
:: ::
10.
...
}1.

:
12.
13.
::
:
14.
15.
:
:
16.
:
17.
1
District Offices.
East.
-
Central.
ސ
Central.
West
:.:
West.
Motors.
Bath houses.
:
12
::
:::
26
Markets.

:
-
Leave.
::
Vacant.
:
: : ::
:

:
H
: ::
Total.
CO
42
:::
::
26
~
::
22
t-
13
10
1
16
6
45
76
10
121
24
168
67
877
18
12
2
J
1
:
21
со
10
4
1 H. S. D.
3 M. O. H..
2 C. V. S.
1 A. H. S. D.
26 Clerks and Shroffs
1 Supt. S. and W.
1 First Clerk and Asst. Secretary
4 Senior Inspectors..
43 Inspectors
39 Interprete14
Storekeeper
2 Overseers
1 Asst., Storekeeper
1 Office Attendant
2 Office Coolies
3 Foremen. G.I...
11
....
2.........
19
19
. 2
3.
4.
5.
27
6.
,
33
7.
2
2
6
י,
13 Engineers I Boatswain
Artisans..
Drivers
Cleansers
16 Coxswains
6 Stokers
8 Seamen
7 Caretakers
45 Sextons
1 Foreman Tallyman
5 Tallymen
8 Messengers..
5 Bullock Boys....
56
121 Bargemen
Drivers
168 Cl. Coolies..
877 Scavenging Coolies
18 Artisans
12 Skld. Labourers
2 Apprentices
1 Motor Mechanic
21 Motor Drivers
4 Motor Drivers' Mates
10 Bath-House Attendants
4 Post Office Building Coolies
Head Office.
D. S. Hong Kong.
D. S. Kowloon.
S. H. Kennedy Town.
S. H.
Ma Tau Kok,
Cemeteries.
Street Watering.
Refuse Disposal.
H. D.'s 1-3 and
Peak.
20

...
...
...
...
2
1
...
...
5
2
1
1
...
2
1
40
51
10
34
6
:
32
...
...
23
...
...
7
108
8
...
15
$
8
C
1
1
...
...
:
1
:
H. D.'s 4-6.
H. D.'s 7-10.
Kowloon.
SCAVENGING
1
1
1
3
10 10
196
95
161
227
::
cato
:
3
6
2
...
**
+
...
24
4
...
...
...
Shaukiwan.
...
...
...
...
Aberdeen.
...
Shankiwan!
...
...
1.
**!
...
1
1
2a.
2.
3.
- M 21-
Appendix A. 1926.
1
1
1

...
...
...
...
...
...
4.
...
...
...
...
5.
6.
6a.
7a.
...
H. D.'s.
7.
1
1
3.
- M 23
Appendix B.
NUISANCE RETURN FOR THE YEAR 1926.
Outstanding (31st December,
1925)
Number of nuisances reported.
901 16,340
901
16,340
No. of nuisances reported in which no action taken
No. of first letters sent
6.710
Compliance on first letters No. of letters withdrawi
No. of second letters sent Compliance on second letters..
No.
of legal notices sent (sections 29 and 30)
No. of legal notices withdrawn
(section 31)
No. of legal notices modified
(section 31)
No. of legal notices
extended (section 31)
time
Compliance on legal notices
No. of sunimons applied for
(section 32)
4,437
59
59
891
603
12,101
126
126
:
10,977
630
No. of summons refused
No. of summons withdrawn
36
36
No. of Magistrate's order (sec-
tion 33).
209
Compliance after Magistrate's
542
21
21
order (including compliance after summons (Fines $5,759)
Cases discharged
Cases abandoned through
defendant absconding or
otherwise
4
Re-summons for future
to
27
comply (section 35)
Compliance after re-summons
(Fines $337)
Further re-suminons
Compliance after further
summons (Fines $35)
re-
Nuisance abated
by
the
Sanitary
Department
(Section 35)
Expenses of abating $
Outstanding
:
4
25
409
TOTAL.....
17,241 17.241
M 24
Appendix C.
CLASSIFICATION OF NUISANCES REPORTED.
Defective grating
2,458
Defective wastepipe, rain water pipe, eaves gutters etc 2,209
No dust bin
1,866
Illegal cubicles
1,646
Defective cement rendering
1,124
Choked wastepipe, rain water pipe, eaves gutters etc
1,033
Breeding of mosquitoes
926
Accumulation of refuse
781
.Missing grating
726
Defective floor surfaces
528
Rat runs filled in
492
Dirty premises
416
Grating not properly fixed
384
Obstruction of verandah
335
Illegal height of cubicles
288
Choked drain
No cement rendering
Accumulation of stagnant water
Use
. purposes
Use of basement for habitation, as workshop, etc. Obstruction of windows, doors, and ventilating opening
No receptacle to latrine.
Water closet not maintained in thoroughly efficient
condition
Illegal wooden bunks
Use of verandah for sleeping and cooking purposes
Insufficient glazed area to windows opening
Use of kitchen for sleeping purposes
No fly-proof receptacle to latrine
Accumulation of undergrowth
No urinal accommodation
Illegal wooden partition in verandah and kitchen Keeping of cattle without licence
of room without windows opening for sleeping
198
149
116
110
74
71
71
48
37
33
26
23
23
21
20
20
20
Discharge of sullage water, urine and excreta Bakehouse without licence
18
10
9
Offensive Trade (Rag-storing, Soap-boiling etc.) Illegal showcase
Damp wall
Dirty barrel for the storage of drinking water
Exposing of fruit and vegetable for sale without licence Depositing of excreta and urine etc.
Black smoke issuing from chimney and funnel
Illegal wooden cover over cubicles
Illegal urinals
No cover to water tank and well
Defective sump and cover etc. to pigsty
No cover to sump of pigsty
The lowest part of pigsty less than four feet in height
Total
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
.16,340
M 25-
Appendix D (i).
TUS OF WORK DONE IN THE SEVERAL HEALTH DISTRICTS.
6
6a & 7a
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Shaukiwan Aberdeen
Total
• 122
1,093
76
750
13885
67
141
1,091
956
37
100
38888888888
64
1,399
902
40
3888888
48
68998
28
999
28
8
8888888
82
23
២៧
31
25
854
773
22
49
7
222
427

228
31
33
27
123
1,227
374
476
9
4
3
594
3
16,340
526
...
...
...
::
:
8
45
45
忠忠
11
1 65
888
52
36
86
88888
19
28
91
21
a a
51
18
2
2.2
12
9
443
...
...
13
492
...
18
1
25
5
6
75
7
40
7
35
86
817
1 house
4 floors
18 houses
87 floors
4 houses
16 bouses
9 houses
2 houses
10 houses
8 houses
7 houses
185 houses
38 houses
16 floors
49 floor's
2 houses
10 floors
14 bouses
27 bouses
102 floors
114 floors
29 floors
72 bouses
294 floors
4 floors
42 bouses
174 floors
27 floors
16 houses
60 floors
25 floors
15 floors
7 houses
26 floors
17 houses
63 floors
29 houses
116 floors
244 floors
73 houses
204 floors
83 floors
65 houses
246 floors
27 houses
50 floors
46 houses
150 floors
67 houses
97 floors
44 houses
140 floors
10 houses
...
...
...
17 floors
...
...
...
1 House
3 floors
...
1 house
2 floors
...
5 houses
10 floors
...
:
5 houses
6 floors
5 houses
7 floors
452 houses
786 floors
619 houses
2,344 floors
14 houses
27 floors
7 houses
15 floors

Applications for B.A. Notices, Applications for S.B. Notices,
...
08
M 25-
Appendix D (i).
CONSPECTUS OF WORK DONE IN THE SEVERAL HEALTH)
1
la & 2d
2
3
4
5
6
6a & 7a
7
8
9
10
68
78
50
21
902
1,256
2
30
742
12
330
2
94
49
1,071
30
660
13
• 122
1,093
67
750
141
1,091
38
64
956
76
37
100
35
1,399
40
...
...
...
24
85
11
...
30
9358
...
15
21
...
::
...
...
15
10-00
8
20
2223
忠忠
45
11
52
36
45
65
86
28
88888
19
91
42
11
37
389
38 houses
24 houses
3 houses
21
7 houses
6
18
1
25
5
} house
1 house
4 houses
16 bouses
9 houses
2 ho1
39 floors
59 floors
9 floors
...
26 floors
4 floors
4 floors
16 floors
49 floor's
29 floors
4 flo
}
61 houses
235 floors
14 houses
51 floors
21 houses
77 floors
4 houses
7 bouses
29 floors
32 houses
7 houses
127 floors
32 floors
18 houses
87 floors
2 houses
10 floors
14 houses
102 floors
27 houses
72 houses
114 floors
294 floors
42 bo
174 flo
...
...
...
...
Ground surfaces repaired,
Ground surfaces concreted,
Obstructions removed from open space, Obstructions removed to light and ventilation,
...
Rat runs filled in,
Water closets approved to be installed in priváte
Houses demolished and No. of floors (Domestic f
Buildings,
Buildings),
Buildings),
...
Houses erected and No. of floors (Domestic
...
...
...
Houses demolished and No. of floors (Non
Domestic Buildings),
...
Houses erected and No. of floors (Non
Domestic Buildings),...
...
...
10 floors
...
...
.
:
...
...
...
:
...
:
:
...
...
2..
...
...
...
...
1 ho
3 flo
M
M 26
6
6A &
7A
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
· 14
15
16
17
Shau- Aber- Total No. kiwan. deen.
Total amount
of cases.
of Fines.
1
...
:
...
:
...
:
::
...
...
1
1
...
7:
:..
8
10
.1
10
...
...
3
3
1
1
1
2
:
47
$376.00
4
44.00
1
...
1
35.00
...
:

2
35.00
...
:
:
:
...
Appendix D. (ii)
SECUTIONS CLASSIFIED BY HEALTH DISTRICTS 1926.
::
...
:
...
:
:.
:
1
::
..
:.
:
:
.::.
...
.:.
...
::
...
...
...
:
:.
...
...
:N
...
2
...
::
:

:.
:.
...
...
1
:.
:
:.
:
1
...
:-
1
...
::.
11
:
...
:
1
...
...
:
...
...
...
:
:
::
...
1
...
...
...
...
:
:
...
...
...
...
:..
:
:
:.
:
:
...
...
::
...
::
.:
:
:
:
:
:
...
2
10.00
...
4
40.00
1
25.00
3
160.00
3
210.00
1
6.00
1
15.00
4
60.00
1
15.00
...
...
...
:
1
1
...
...
:
:
...
...
:
...
...
:..
:
:
...
...
...
:
..
...
.:
13
296.00
:
:.
1
1
1
13
207.00
24
5
17
55
659
6,131.00
...
::
...
...
...
...
2
:
:
:
1
:
...
1
1
1
:
:
...
36
79
12
44
19
29
91
13
39
87
24
53
26
35
5
26
10.
20
56
760
$7,665.00
its absconded, in 36 cases summons withdrawn, in 1 case defendant awarded 8 strokes and in 1 case defendant warned.
1
21
41
87
25
333
53
1333
Nature of Offence.
10
11
12
M 26
Appendix D. (ii)
PROSECUTIONS CLASSIFIED BY HEALTH DISTRICTS 19
1A. &
1
2
4
2A
Dumping rubbish, Nightsvil etc....
1
Removing Nightsoil during pro- hibited hours
Overcrowded conditions...
:
1
:
...
...
...
: •
:
6A &
6
7
7A
3
2

...
...
...
...
:
...
:
:
...
4
...
1
:
...
...
...
...
...
...
:.
::
:.
:
:
:..
:
:.
1
...
1
...
:
:
:
:
:
:
8
10
1
1
1
-:
...
...
...
...
...
...
1
:
:
:
1
...
:
:
...
:
...
:
:
:
...
1
:
...
:
::
:
::
:
...
::
:.
:
:
...
2
:N
:
1
1
:
:
:
:
::
:
...
...
1
...
:.
...
11
...
...
...
...
...
::
...
1
-:
...
...
...
:
:
:
...
...
...
:.
:
:.
:
...
::
:
:
1
3
Nuisance
32
41
15
:
:
:
دن -
1
1
...
2036 「 24 」 2
21
41
87
13
36
79
12
44
35
45
21 30
39
27
25
53
91
13
39
87
24
53
:.
1
...
Permitting basements to be used for human habitation etc. without the written permission of the Board
....
Occupying basements for human habitation &c. without the writ- ten permission of the Board Obstruction of avenues etc. in markets Failing to keep market stalls etc. in a cleanly condition Selling tinned milk not properly labelled.
Selling food and drugs not of the nature, substance or quality. required
Selling Pork, Fish, Poultry etc.. without S.B. Licence..
Selling Milk on premises not registered as a Dairy Carrying on Offensive Trade in
unlicenced premises
Keeping Swine and Goats without
S.B. Licence
Dirty condition of premises Failing to limewash within the prescribed period after due warning
Recurrence of mosquito breeding after previous action Prosecutions on S.B.
Notices
Total
In 21 cases defendants discharged, in 4 cases défendants absconded, in 36 cases summons withdrawn, in 1 case defenda
}
:
M 27
Appendix E.
HOUSE CLEANSING RETURN.

Floors Cleansed.
1924
1925
1926
Eastern Districts (Shaukiwan
1, la and 2a, 2)
25,658 28,093 27,804
Central Districts (3, 4 and 5).
25,429
19,462
21,606
Western Central Districts (6,
6a and 7a, 7)
22,051
19,223
16,448
Western Districts (8, 9, and
10)
24,348
21,536
21,703
Aberdeen
574
2,253
2,677
Total
98,060
90,567
90,238
Kowloon (11, 12, 13, 14, 15.
16 and 17).
51,815 44,800 50,095
From 19th July to 7th August
August 1926 House Cleansing
Operations were suspended and the staff were employed in
clearing up and removing debris and silt deposited by the heavy.
typhoon rains on night of 18th and 19th July 1926.
Districts Nos. 3, 5, 2, 6, 6a & 7a, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 17 and
Shaukiwan were cleansed twice, Nos. 1, 1a & 2a, 4, 7, 12, 14, 15
and 16 were cleansed three times and Aberdeen four times.
Health Districts.
Appendix F (i).
Table Showing Number of Chinese Houses and Floors, Victoria, 1926.
1 storey.
| 2 storeys.
3 storeys.
4 storeys.
5 storeys.
6 storeys.
7 storeys.
8 storeys.
Houses.
Floors.
Average.
Shaukiwan
261
262548.
144
1,215
3,005
2'47
1
la & 2a
2
...
61
412
204
292
978
2,710
2.77
25 56 331
401
818
2,759
3:37
3
101
...
537
380
1,029
3,376
3:28
65
178
83
15
341
1,071
3.14
13
75
640
501 :
49
5
:
19
116
495
:
308
46
22
1,280
1,344
3:39
986
3,210
3.26
6
59
34
...
288
350
67
798
2,726
3:42
бa & 7a
7
16
175
...
205
16
415
1,460
3.52
9
226
379
36
11
665
2,495
3.75
8
34
71
463
422
47
1,037
3,488
3.36
9
12
135
442 437
56
1,082
3,636
3:36
10
8 92 471 542
95
1,028
4,248
3:52
*Aberdeen and Aplichau
61
123 109
293
634
2:16
Total...
559 1,567 | 5,107 [4,444
449
12,145
39,162
3:20
*Outlying villages not included.
M 28
11
Appendix F (ii).
Table Showing Number of Chinese Houses and Floors, Kowloon, 1926.
Health Districts.
1 storey. 2 storeys. 3 storeys. 4 storeys.
Houses.
Floors.
Average.
12
...
13
14
15
16
37
2
105
325
146
578
1,771
3:06
45
673
424
1,146
3,809
3.32
48
107
310
765
2,557
3.34
13
26
456
417
912
3,101
3:40
1,184
307
498
16
2,005 i
3,356
167
23
208
549
246
1,026
3,070
2.99
131
27
642
116
916
2,575
2.81
M 29
Total
1,357
766
3,550
1,675
7,348
20,239
2.94
Districts in Kowloon were redistributed and one additional district made as from 1st January, 1926.
.
M 30
Appendix G.
LIMEWASHING, 1926.
Victoria
Kowloon
Shaukiwan included
Floors limewashed by owners
22,261
11,675
Floors limewashed by S.B. at
owners' request
2,325
643
Floors limewashed by S.B's. Con-
tractor owing to owners' failure to comply with the By-law
1,068
52
Total:
25,654
12.370
Registry.
Appendix H.
VACCINATION RETURN FOR 1926.
B. F. from'
Cannot
Had
Total
1925
Unvac-
New Total Vaccin- births. liable. ated.
Loft
Insus-
Dead.
Colony.
be
Small-
ceptible.
Unfit.
C. F.
Total.
found.
pox.
1927.
cinated.
Sanitary Department (Non-Chinese) Sanitary Department (Chinese) Eastern Chinese Public Dispensary Western Chinese Public Dispensary
188
317
505 273
27
29
1,199
930 2,129 |
464
15
120
.20 (* 100
10
158
9|1,420
505
2,129
281
7841,065 203
68
262
252
065
M 31
561
661|1,222
143
43
3
300
33
220
Shaukiwan Chinese Public Dispensrry
8
20 28
11
4
1
3
28
I
Yaumati Chinese Public Dispensary
279
697
976
502
20
10
140
2
302
976
Shamshuipo Ceinese Public Dispensary.
101
34
135
49
10
31
33
1
11
135
Hounghom Chinese Public Dispensay
3
7
10
3
1
1
5
10
Kowloon City Chinese Public Dispensary Central Chinese Public Dispensary.
8
14
233
23 31
13
1
1
15
31
59 73
34
39
73
Total.
2,642 3,532 6,174 1,695 170
372
869
1 22 3,045 | 6,174
Appendix I (i).
COST OF REFUSE COLLECTION.
Hong Kong.
Kowloon.
Total.
1. Salary of Coolies
73,966.26
34,593.73
108,559.99
2. Salary of Motor Drivers
3,762.32
2,888.16
6,650.48
3. Salary of Bullock Drivers
4. Scavenging Gear
3.592.12
207.00
3,799.12
4,131.07
1,933.32
6,064.39
5. Maintenance of Bullocks
4,000.00
1,000.00
5,000.00
6. Maintenance of Dust Carts
600.00
280.00
880.00
7. Running expenses: Motor Refuse Lorries
7,654.72
3,827.36
11,482.08
8. Depreciation at 10%
4,137.46
2,068.73
6,206.19
Total
101,843.95
46,798.30
148,642.25
M 32
Salary of Bargemen and Launch Crews
City Scavenging
Kowloon Scavenging Removal
Total
Appendix I (ii).
COST OF REFUSE REMOVAL.
Hong Kong.
Kowloon.
Total.
28,486.25
576.00
29,062.25
28,486.25
576.00
29,062.25
Appendix I (iii).
COMPARATIVE TABLE FOR 2 YEARS.·
1925.
1926.
79,110.91
101,843.95
35,264.23
46,798.30
63,613.30
29,062.25
- M 33
M 34
Appendix J.
LIST OF AMBULANCE STATIONS.
Race Course, Wong Nei Chung Road.
Belcher's Street, Scavenging Coolies' Quarters.
Government Civil Hospital.
New Western Market, North Block.
No. 6 Police Station.
Central Police Station.
New Post Office Building.
Pokfulam Police Station.
Bay View Police Station.
Aberdeen Police Station.
Stanley Police Station.
Shaukiwan Police Station.
Mount Gough Police Station.
Tsim Sha Tsui Police Station.
Sham Shui Po Police Station.
Kowloon City Police Station.
Sha Tau Kok Police Station.
Au Tau Police Station.
Tai Po Police Station.
!
i
M 35
Appendix K.
MARKETS.
The following statement shows the Revenue derived from Markets :-
Markets.
1913-1922
(Everage for
10 years).
1923.
1924.
1925.
1926.
$
C.
$
C.
$
c.
c.
Central Market
60,904.26
62,614.80
62,614.80
62,614,80
62,614.80
Hung Hom....
4,193.15
4,524.50
4,450.80
4,450.80
4,450.80
Mong Kok Tsui (Extension 1/1/26)
1,459.04
3,363.90
3,366.00
3,366.00
12,592.00
Sai Wan Ho
2,289.62
3,003.60
2,872.50
2,854.80
2,854.80
Sai Ying Pun.
16,070.45
16,516.80
16,525.20
16,525.20
16,525.20
Shaukiwan
Shek Tong Tsui
So Kon Po Tai Kok Tsui
Tsim Sha Tsui
Wan Tsai
Western (North Block)
2,091.48
2,097.30
2,132.40
2,132.40
2,132.40
919.43
942.00
942.00
942.00
942.00
1,568.57
2,080.80
2,080.80
2,095.00
2,202.00*
689.84
872.40
872.40
872.40
872.40
4,393.82
4,576.80
4,576,80
5,307.40
5,409.50
4,855.00
4,862.40
4,910.40
4,910.40
4,910.40
18,255.67
23,185.40
23,180.40
24,681.60
25,314.70
Western (South Block)
31,261.89
32,946.30
32,920.40
32,906.40 32,906.40
Yaumati
.....
10,484.79
18,460.50
21,4
,439.80
20,637.60
19,765,10
Aberdeen
461.12
442.20
445.20
852.00
852.00
Canal Road opened on 1/4/13
516.00
516,00
516.00
516.00
516.00
*Praya East opened on 1/12/13
353.30
540.70
948.60
900.50
904.80
Reclamation Street opened on 1/9/13
2,842.11
3,291.60
3,283.20
3,286.00
3,315.00
Staunton Street opened on 1/10/12
929.15
952.80
952.80
952.80
952.80
Tai Hang opened on 1/4/14
837.00
565.20
565.20
565.20
565.20
Sham Shui Po opened on 1/6/18
2,785.92
2,922.90
2,947.80
2,950.80
2,965.80
Kowloon City opened on 1/1/22
285.30
314.60
279.60
279.60
271.80
Reclamation Street, (Poultry) opened on 1/6/23
727.20
1,454.40
1,454.40
1,454.40
Monmouth Patli opened on 1/1/24
2,012.80
2,027.60
2,001.20
Wong Nei Chung opened on 1/1/24.
2,322.00
2,322.00
2,322.00
Quarry Bay opened on 1/7/24
1,280.30
2,212.60
1,948.60
Whitfield opened on 1/10/24... Waterloo Road opened on 1/10/24 Kun Chung opened on 1/2/25
2,866.80
7,636.90
5,494,50
252.00
996.00
984.00
16,300.90
13,575.50
Total,.......
168,446.91
190,320.30
203,011.40
227,550.10
231,607.10
* Closed in October, 1926,
- M 36
Appendix L.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
Approxi-
Available
Subsequent Exhumation.
Net
Cemetery.
mate
burial space.
space as on 31/12/25.
Private.
Public.
Gross available space.
Burials
available
since 31/12/25.
space on 31/12/26.
Average burials for last 10 years.
(9) Average private exhumation
for past 10 years.
(10)
Last previous General Exhumation.
Year No. Year No. Year
No.
Colonial .....
10,200
1,346
Roman Catholic
8,000
3,730
12
~2
1,848
51
1,279
70
3,742
123
3,619
159
22
22
1917
288
1923 765
Mohammed an
3,500
407
407
53
354
62
Parsee
200
100
100
1
99
1
...
1913 1,669
1918 864 1923 920
Mount Caroline
23,000
9,074
336
468
9,878
938
8,940
887
248
1916 338 1925 650
1920 1,921
1924
641
Chinese Protestant....
1,800
561
361
67
504
61
Eurasian (Ho Tung)
200
187
187
6
18-1
3
Kai Lung Wan East
25,500
2,053
148
992
3,193
1,124
2,069
1,334
189
1920
1,952 19241,504
Tung Wah (K.L. West)
53,486
1,920
26
2,862
4,808
4,158
750
4,990
53
1923 1,631 1925 1,542
1919 6,000 1924 1,406 1923 2,753
19251,605
Mohammedan T.S.K..
9,000
7,069
7,069
7,065
3
Sai Yu Shek (new)
5,400
1,873
::
4,878
172
4,701
151
156
Shaukiwan
6,700
1,351
15
1,366
279
1,087
245
34
1911
1,276
1920 1,197
1924
548
Shankiwan (Christian)
185
83
83
3
80
243
Stanley (Tung Tau Chau),
1,040
24
24
12
12
3
2
So Kon Po (Roman Catholic).
20,000
13,121
13,121
1,29.5
11,826
1,335
Aberdeen (Shum Wan)...
2,000
1,337
14
...
1,351
220
1,131
220
44
1923
560
1924
785

Jewish
Shek O Malay
Ho Mun Tin
Chinese Permanent.
250
113
113
3
110
2
9
100 30,000
98
12,365
• 98 12,365
3,902
98
1
8,463
4,508
102
50
3
T
NON-CHINESE.
- M 37
Appendix M.
RETURN OF CERTIFIED AND UNCERTIFIED DEATHS.
CHINESE.
1
2
3
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
i
Number uncertified.
Number certified.
Number uncertified.
Number Number of certified. Non-
Notified
Medical Coroner. by private reference.
Percentage
certified.
Percentage uncertified.
Number HongKong. Kowloon. Total. of
TW.H.
K.W.H.
Medical
Notified
Coroner. Percentage
Percentage
Reference. by private
certified.
uncertified.
practi-
Chinese
practi-
Chinese
deaths.
tioners.
deaths.
tioners.
· 1925
256
216
1
1926
180
152
39
84.4
15.6
14,735
4,320
3,305
7,625
819
325
49
10
5,907
51.74
48.25
2
26
84.4
15.6
12,336
4,027
2,566
6,593
674
220
50
13
4,786
53.08
46.52
N.B.-" Certified" signifies a death the cause of which has been certified on Form 16 of Ordinance No. 7 of 1896 by a registered medical practitioner or licentiate who has attended the case before death.
£
"
M 38
Appendix N.
LIST OF REVENUE FROM JANUARY TO
DECEMBER, 1926.
$
C..
Chinese Undertakers' Licences.
860.00
Forfeitures,
64.45
Special Food Licences.
11,491.11
Ambulance and Cremation Fees,
546.50
Births and Deaths Registration.
1,781.50
Chinese Cemetery Fees.
6.988.50
Official Certificates.
3,887.50
Use of Motor Vans.
6,254.65
140.00
Lands Not Leased. Laundries.
Markets.
Slaughter 11ouse, Kennedy Town.
Slaughter House, Ma Tau Kok
2,400.00
.230,734.40
64,725.70
22,780.00
Interest.
41.97
Condemned Stores, etc.
3,260.57
Other Miscellaneous Receipts.
2,645.75
Scavenging City, Villages, and Hill District.
1,632.75
Total
.$360,235.35.
1925,
.$368,828.34
Revenue from Contracts.
Deduction.
Conservancy Contract Victoria, $36,400 $28,410.00 $9,990.00
Kowloon, 23,400 19,721.40 3,678.60 Shaukiwan, 2,952 2,016.00 Blood & Hair, Kennedy Town,
1)
Ma Tau Kok,
Slaughtering Contract, Sai Wan Ho,
Aberdeen,
936.00
9,960.00
2,760.00
3,120.00
1,584.00
Total
$32,028.60


>
M 39
Appendix O.
LIST OF EXPENDITURE FROM JANUARY TO.
DECEMBER, 1926.
$
C
Personal Emoluments
446,862.40
Advertisements
1,292.13
Ambulances, Coffins, Dead Vans & Dead Boxes
165.42
Bamboo Poles, and Rope
501.27
Baskets, Buckets and Shovels
3,120.61
Bath-houses: --Fuel
1,804.87
Bath-houses:-Incidental Expenses
38
Bath-houses:-Light
93.36
Bonuses to Dispensary Licentiates & Clerks for
Vaccination of Children and Registration of Births.
1,207.10
Brooms, Brushes and Bamboo Hats
1,973.26
Burial of Infected Bodies
184.80
Cemeteries, Incidental Expenses
2.80
Coal for Official Quarters
1.215.70
Conveyance and Motor Allowances
9.482.80
Coolie Labour
22.80
Disinfectants
7,828.06
Disinfecting and Cleansing Apparatus
3,824.13
Disinfectors
589.46
Dust and Water Carts
884.56
Exhumation Recurrent
11,330.15
'
Fuel for Blacksmith's Forges
344.00
Furniture in Official Quarters
43.89
General Cleansing, Chinese New Year
430.90
Head Stones
2.605.91
Incidental - Expenses
2,115.65
Expenses, Markets
135.56.
ullock Stables at Victoria and Kowloon ...
174.27
Central Market
1,232.46
ht:-Disinfecting Stations, District Sanitary
Offices, and Coolies' Quarters
1.471.75
Light-Official Quarters
M 40
Light-Smaller Markets
Light-Tsim Sha Tsui Market
Light:-Western Market, North and South Blocks
621.81
2,102.99
829.56
3,564.00
Motor Lorries, Vans and Cars, Running Expenses ... 17,223.16
Nightsoil Receptacles
956.00
Paint, Turpentine, &c.
768.41
Purchase and Maintenance of Bullocks
5,378.19
Rat Poison, Rat Traps, &c.
958.97
Refund of Fees for Sanitary Institute Examination.
126.00
Rent of Quarters for Inspectors and Sanitary Officers.
565.80
Rent of Quarters for Scavenging Coolies
1,463.40
Scavenging City, Villages, and Hill District
647.20
Scavenging Gear
2,149.66
Scavenging Gear, Kowloon
1,088.22
Street Watering
Transport
Uniforms for Staff
Workshop Apparatus
96.75
1,770.25
7.716.50
135.74
A. D. & S. H.:-Fuel
4,732.45
do.
Incidental Expenses
906.32
do.
Light
496.50
do.
Motor Meat Vans Running Ex-
penses
3.703.31
Cattle Crematorium and Refuse Destructor
557.46
Total
1925
$559,499.1
$605,715.95
i
Special Expenditure.
1. Motor Refuse Lorry
Total
$9,8
1925
$37.58€
7
25
1
1

KENNEDY
OWN
SHEKTONGTSUI
SEI YIN
10
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10
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M 41
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17
MARKET
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M 43
MAP “B”
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YALMATI STATION
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14
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HARBOUR
OF
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YAUMATI
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CEMETER
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R. C. CEMETERY
CHINESE CEMETER
DISINFECTING STATION
■ MARKET
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13
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NO 12
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M 43
MAP “B”
DON HEALTH DISTRICTS
ATION
CHINESE CEMETERY,
KOWLOON HOSPITAL
INDIANI CEMETERY
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CHINESE CEMETERY
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F

M 45
REPORT OF THE MEDICAL OFFICER OF HEALTH.
-
The area of the Colony, except when otherwise mentioned, dealt with in this report, includes the island of Hong Kong, the Kowloon peninsula and that portion of the New Territories known as New Kowloon on the mainland, but does not include the remaining or greater portion of the New Territories, such being without the jurisdiction of the Sanitary Board.
The latitude and longitude of the Royal Observatory in the Kowloon peninsula are:-Latitude 22° 18′ 13.2′′ N., Longitude 114° 10′ 26.4′′ E.
METEOROLOGICAL DATA.
The following table gives the means or totals of the meteorological data for the several months of the whole year
1926.
Month.
Barometer
at M.S.L.
TEMPERA-
TURE.
HUMI-
DITY.
Max. Mean. Min.
Rel.
Abs.
Cloudiness.
Sunshine.
WIND
Rain.
Direction. Vel..
ins.
о
January, February,
March,
April,
May,
June,....
·July, August, 29.78 86.7 82,1 | 78,2 September, 29.81 86.4 31.5 77.6 80 | 0.86 October, 29.97 79.0 74.5 | 70,9|| 74 November, 30.11 | 73.4 68.9 65,0 December, 30.17 | 67.1 | 62.7
p. c. hours.
30.22 66. 61.157.6 72 0.39 62 30.17| 63.9| 60.0|57.3 82 0.43 89 30.11 68. 63.8 60.8 82 0.49 85 29.92 72.9 | 68,9|66,1 87 0.62 93 29.85 80.9 76.1 72.7 83 0.76 82 29.78 81.3 77.8 | 75,3 83, 0.80 29.76 86.9 82.1 | 78.4
p.c.ins.
ins.
points. miles p.h.
172.9
0.215
E by N
12.5
66.1
2.400 E by N
14.3

96.1
4.840 E by N
12.5
59.5 17.165 E by N
14.7
151.5 5,730 E
12.5
89*
94.0 6.533 E by Si
15.0
81 0.89
70
221.7 29.790 SE by
10.1
83 0.91
68
216.4 8.010 E by S
9.5
60
214.4 17.300 E by N
10.7
0.64
62
176.6 3.275 ENE
13.2
73 59,0 69 0.42
0.52
204.0 4.965 ENE 141.0 0.455 ENE
10.6
11.2
Mean or
Total, f
29.97 76. 71.8 68.2
79 064 72
151.1 100.88 E
12.1
POPULATION.
The estimated population of the Colony at the middle of 1926 was as follows:-
Non-Chinese Civil population
16,500
Chinese population:---
City of Victoria (including the Peak) 465,000 Villages of Hong Kong
33,040
Kowloon (including New Kowloon)..200,000
New Territories (land)
87,500
Population afloat
72.380
Total Chinese population
857,920
Total Civil population
874.420
M 46
The following table shows the distribution of the population for the years 1916 to 1926 (inclusive) in the area throughout which the Sanitary Board has jurisdiction. It also shows the population in the various districts in respect of which weekly and quarterly death rates are calculated and submitted for the information of the Board.
Since the year 1915 the population in the area under the jurisdiction of the Board has increased by 46 per cent.
Civilian population of Hong Kong (excluding N.T. except New Kowloon) according to death registration districts from 1916 to 1926.
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923 *1924 1925
1926
M 47
Kowloon (including New
British and Foreign Com-
munity
Chinese Community
13,390 13,500 13,500 13,600 14,000 14,100 15,200 15,500 16,000 16,500 16,500
Victoria Registration Dis- trict (including the Peak) 270,300 Victoria Harbour
|
Kowloon)
| 75,000
77,200 77,200
Shaukiwan--Land.
11,350
11,400 11,400
12 300
280,700| 299,450 320,080 342,000 360,000 340,000 350,000 420,000 465,000 465,000 38,760 39,400 39,400 42,710 46,300 49,800 47,000 48,000 52,000 86,550 104,000 120,000 133,000 140,000 180,000 200,000 200,000 13,500 13,600 18,500
50,000 52,000
19,000
Boat
22,000 24,440
6,460
6,500 6,500
6,700
7,000 7,200 8,000 8,200
Aberdeen-Land
3,200
3,200
24,440 8,400 9,000 9,000
3,200
3,500
3,800
4,000
6,000
6,100
6,500
7,200 7,200
Boat
""
12,000
12,250
13,400
14,480
15,600
16,000
9,000
Stanley-Land
9,000
10,000
11,000
11,000
700
700
700
720
750
760 1,200
1,200
1,300
1,400 |
1,400
Boat..
350
350
350
360
400
420
300
300
350
Total Chinese--Land
>>
"9
380
380
| 360,500 373,200 391,950 423,150 465,050 498,360 498,700 516,300 629,800 698,040 698,040
Boat 57,570 58,500 59,650 64,250 69,300 73,420 64,300 65,500 68,750 72,380 72,380 | Land & Boat 418,120 431,700 451,600 487,400 533,350 571,780 563,000 581,800 698,550 770,420 770,420
Grand Total.
431,510 445,200 | 465,100
501,000; 547,350 585,880 578,200 597,300 714,550 786,920 786,920.
All deaths in the British and Foreign Community are registered at the principal registration office in the City of Victoria. The Chinese deaths are registered in the districts in which they occur.
M 48
FLUCTUATION IN POPULATION.
The population of the Colony is liable to much variation dependant on political conditions in South China and the state of trade in Hong Kong.
Following the strike towards the end of June, 1925 large numbers of Chinese left the Colony.
Later many returned but that a large number did not return seems obvious from figures furnished by the Harbour Master and the Manager of the Kowloon-Ganton Railway.
During the year 1926 the exchange of people between Hong Kong and neighbouring Chinese Territory by river steamships and railway shows a balance of 183,978 in favour of emigrants.
The actual figures so furnished are shown in the following table.
$
By railway
By Steamships
Total
Immigrants
Emigrants
147,840
243,952
128,661
216,527
276,501
460,479
These figures do not take into account the large interchange of population by sailing vessels.
BIRTHS.
In dealing with Birth Statistics in Hong Kong it is essential to remember that Registration of Births is largely evaded by the Chinese especially in regard to female children.
The births registered during the year 1926 numbered 3541. The distribution of these births according to race and sex is shown in the following table:-
-----
Males.
Females.
Total.
Chinese
Non-Chinese
1925 1926 1925 1926 1925 1926 2,136| 2,022| 1,145|| 1,202|3,281 3,724
· 180 163 193 154 373 317
Total...
2,316 2,185 1,338 1,356 3,654 4,041
This gives a general civil birth rate of 4.5 compared with 4.64 per
"
1,000 in 1925,
M 49
The birth rate for the Non-Chinese civil population was 19.21 as compared with 22.6 in 1925.
The birth rate for the Chinese population as calculated from the registered births was 4.18 per 1,000 as compared was 4.25 per 1,000 in 1925.
The following table shows the birth rate calculated from the registered births for the last ten years.
Year
Non-Chinese
Chinese
1917
20.08
4.9
1918
22.07
3.6
1919
20.6
3.9
1920
19.78
3.96
1921
25.88
5.68
1922
22.84
6.25
1923
23.03
6.97
1924
19.8
5.47.
1925
22.6
4.25
1926
19.21
4.18
Sex of the newly born.
For the Non-Chinese community the ratio of male to female children for the year 1926 was 105 males to 100 females.
The nationality of the Non-Chinese parents was as follows.
British 129, Portuguese 79, Indian 58, American 13, Filipino 8, Malay 6, Eurasian and German 5 each, Dutch and French 2 each, Australian, Canadian, Parsee, Chilian, Italian, African, Jewish and Brazilian 1 each.
DEATHS.
The total number of deaths registered in the Colony during the year 1926 was 12,516 (14,991 in 1925).
The general civil death rate was 15.9 per 1,000 (19.05 in 1925).
The Chinese deaths numbered 12,336 (14,735 in 1925).
The Chinese death rate was 16.01 per 1,000.
The Non-Chinese deaths numbered 180 including 14 from the Navy and Army.
The death rate for the Non-Chinese civil population was 10.9 per 1,000 (14.6 in 1925).
1

M 50
The Nationality of the Non-Chinese deaths was as follows:-
British 53, Indian 56, Portuguese 29, Japanese 8, Filipino 7, American 5, Malay 4, Dutch 3, Australian, French, Eurasian and Jewish 2 each, Norwegian, Swiss, Ceylonese, Italian, Peruvian and Annamite 1 each, also 1 European, nationality not stated.
AGE DISTRIBUTION OF DEATHS.
The number of deaths of children under one year was 3,424 (4,711 in 1925) of which 3,409 were Chinese and 15 Non-Chinese.
Of these 829 Chinese and 12 Non-Chinese were under one month of age.
The ratio of deaths of infants to the total deaths registered was 27.3 per cent (31.4 in 1925).
For the Chinese deaths above the ratio was 27.5 per cent (31.7 in 1925), while for the Non-Chinese it was 8.3 per cent (15.6 in 1925).
The following table shows the death rates for the last ten years:-
Year
Chinese
Non-Chinese
General
1917
23.00
14.00
23.40
1918
24.50
19.50
24.40
1919
23.30
21.90
23.20
1920
22.78
17.90
21.19
1921
20.29
18.08
20.27
1922
25.47
20.46
25.16
1923
26.27
14.83
25.98
1924
21.90
15.06
21.75
1925
19.12
14.60
19.05
1926
16.01
10.9
15.9
INTERMEDIATE DEATH RATES.
A so-called weekly death rate is calculated for each period of seven days and a so-called quarterly death rate each period of thirteen weeks.
Tables are given below to show these death rates for the year 1926, but the period covered by them does not correspond exactly with the actual year for which the death rates (annual) are given in this report.
M 51
Weekly (7 days) Death Rate during 1926.
Week ended Chinese Non-Chinese Total Week ended Chinese Non-Chinese Total
Jan.......... 2
12.3
12.6
12.3 July.
17.4
12.6
17.3
9
15.1
22.1
15.2
10
17.0
6.3
"
16.8
16
15.3
15.8
15.3
17
17.3
12.6
17.2
>>
"S
23
13.4
6.3
13.3
.24
20.3
15.8
20.2
25
.30
15.3
6.3
15.1
31
17.9
25.3
19
17
18.1
Feb.
15.8
12.6
15.8
Aug.
7
21.8
12.6
....
21.6
13
13.4
25.3
13 6
.14
19.2
6.3
19.2
"
.20
14.3
3.2
14.1
21
20.3
12.6
20.2
#1
19
"
.27
143
12.6
14.3
28
22.5
12.6
22.3
March...
12.2
22.1
12.4 Sept.
194
12.6
19.1
......13
142
6.3
14.0
..11
17.2
12.6
17.1
99
20
13.0
9.5
12.9
.18
19.9
15.8
52
;
19.9
.27
14.7
18.9
11.8:
25
17.6
9.5
17.3
*:
""
April
3
14.9
6.3
14,7 Oct.
2
17.1
22.1
17.2
10
11.9
6.3
11.8
15,7
9.5
15.5
17
17.6
12.6
17.5
.16
17.6
0.0
17.2
""
24
14.3
6.3
14.1
.23
17.2
6.3
17.0
May
1
15,0
9.5
15.5
.30
16.6
2.2
16.3
8
12.4
6.3
12.2 Nov.
6
16.8
6.3
16.5
.15
14.7
15.8
14.8
13
17.6
3.2
17.3
.22
16.6
15.8
16.5
20
14.5
3.2
14.2
"
.29
17.3
9.5
17.1
...27
12.9
12.6
12.8
""
June
5
14.9
6.3
14.7 Dec.
£
14.5
12.5
14.4
.་
...... 12
14.6
22.1
14.8
11
13.7
18 9
曾嘭
13.8
.19
15.8
6.3
15.6
18
15.0
9.5
14.9
:
.....26
16.1
12.6
16.1
55
...25
14.7
12.6
14.6
For the actual year 1926 the death rate for Chinese was 16.01
per 1,000.
In the above tables the weekly death rates are lower than this for 29 weeks.
TABLE OF QUARTERLY DEATH RATE FOR 1926.
British and Foreign Community
Chinese Community
General
First quarter Second Third
12.1
14.3
14.3
9.8
15.3
15.2
13.0
19.1
19.1
Fourth
J
7.3
15.4
15.2
The so-called quarters in the above tables are periods of 13 weeks and the table covers the same total period as does that of the weekly death rates given above:
M 52
www.
DEATHS FROM CERTAIN NON-NOTIFIABLE DISEASES.
Respiratory Diseases.
1. Excluding tuberculosis in its various forms the number of deaths from Respiratory Diseases during 1926 was 3,566 (4,290 in 1925) of which 27 were Non-Chinese (31 in 1925) and 3,539 Chinese (4,259 in 1925).
Deaths of children under one year of age accounted for 1921 of these (2,182 in 1925).
The deaths ascribed to Lobar Pneumonia and Pneumonia (type not specified) were 398 (787 in 1925) and 182 (356 in 1925) respectively or a total of 580.
Of these 170 (404 in 1925) were deaths of children under one year of age.
Broncho-pneumonia accounted for 1,693 deaths (1,735 in 1925) of which 9 were Non-Chinese (11 in 1925). Of these 1,115 were deaths of infants under one year of age (1,152 in 1925). Of these infants 2 were Non-Chinese (4 in 1925).
2. Including tubercular infections the total deaths among Chinese from Respiratory Diseases was 5,105 (6,118 in 1925 giving a percentage of the total Chinese deaths of 41.3 (41.5 iu 1925).
The rate of mortality from Respiratory Diseases for the Chinese population (excluding the New Territory except New Kowloon) for the year 1926 was 6.49 per thousand (7.94 in 1925).
Tuberculosis (all types).
Tubercular infections of the Respiratory system caused 1,517 deaths in the year 1926 (1,890 in 1925). Of these 28 were Non-Chinese (31 in 1925) and 1,489 Chinese (1,859 in 1925).
Other tubercular infections caused 395 deaths (401 in 1925) 8 of which were Non-Chinese (7 in 1925).
The total deaths from tubercular infections was therefore 1912 (2,291 in 1925).
The percentage of deaths from tubercular infections of the total deaths registered was 15.27 (15.28 in 1925).
M53
Tuberculosis according to type of infection and age groups.
For the purpose of showing the various forms of tubercular disease which caused the above mentioned deaths this infection is here divided in five types as follows:-
Type 1. Pulmonary and acute miliary tuberculosis.
Type 2. Tubercular Meningitis.
Type 3. Abdominal Tuberculosis.
Type 4. Disseminated or General Tuberculosis.
Type 5. Other Tubercular Diseases.
The following table shows the numbers of Chinese deaths from each of these types distributed according to age groups for the year 1926.
Age Groups.
Types.
5
Under 1 year
174
7
16
22
Over 1 year and under 5 years Over 5 years and under 15 years Over 15 years and under 25 years Over 25 years and under 45 years Over 45 years and under 60 years Over 60 years
224
30
19
64
66
6
*72
181
11
I
582
23
283
56
The deaths from Tubercular Diseases (all types) for both Chinese and Non-Chinese are shown distributed according to age groups by the following table which covers ten years 1915 ic 1926 with the omission of the years 1916 and 1918.
Age Groups.
Years.
1915 1917 1919 1920
1921 1922 1928 1924
1925 1926
Under 1 year
1 to 5 years.. 5 to 15 years.. 15 to 25 years.. 25 to 45 years... 45 to 60 years.... Over 60 years...
Total
All Chinese Deaths
59 193 108 231 195 290 302 469 97 129 139 204 170 124 159 431 486 569 199 205 258 32 13 62
219 200 213 269 340 393 $19 511
3B 220
468
339
157
180
169 207
173
157
171
181
203
233 221
202
212
641 613 278 256 65 91
610
673 750
737
641
351 301 319 93 63 81
377
291
79
داره
1,123 | 1,4691,597
Percentage of Chinese deaths due to Tuber- culosis
2,059 1,887 |2,060 |2.071 | 2358|2.291 | 1,916
7.723 10,244|11,348|12,151 |1,604 14,241|15.289 15.301|14,735|12,336
145 14:3 14.0 16.9 162 144 13:5 15.7 15.5 15.5
M 54
Tetanus and Convulsions.
These diseases accounted for 129 deaths of children under
five years of age.
Out of 66 deaths ascribed to Tetanus 64 were of children under one month old and one of a child over one month and under one year old.
Convulsions accounted for the deaths of 63 children under five years old. Of these none were under one month and four over a month and under one year old.
Malaria.
Malarial Fever is not a notifiable disease. The figures and tables given below therefore are compiled from the registers of deaths.
Deaths of Chinese are registered according to the district in which they occur. For this purpose there are five Registra- tion Districts, namely, Victoria District which includes the Peak and the Harbour, Kowloon District which includes New Kowloon, Shaukiwan, Aberdeen and Stanley Districts.
All Non-Chinese deaths are registered in Victoria.
It does not follow that, because a death from Malaria is registered in a given district, the infection was acquired in that district.
Malaria may be acute or chronic and it does not follow that, because a death from this disease happened in any one year, the infection was acquired in the same year.
The flow of the population to and from neighbouring Chinese territory, amounting in ફો year to more than the estimated population of the Colony, makes it impossible to say to what extent the infection of Malaria causing deaths within the Colony may have occurred herein.
During 1926 the total deaths from Malaria were 587 (702 m 1925). Of these 4 were Non-Chinese (10 in 1925).
This number of deaths is a percentage of 4.69 of the total registered deaths.
The Chinese deaths from Malaria in the City of Victoria (excluding the Peak and Harbour) numbered 172 (200 in 1925) in an estimated population of 465,000 giving a death rate of 6.38 per thousand (0.48 in 1925).
The following table shows for thirteen successive years the deaths in the Colony from Malaria Fever expressed as a Arcentage of the total deaths registered each year and the incidence of such deaths per thousand of the population.
Year
M 55
Total
Deaths from Malaria Deaths from Malaria
deaths from per cent. of total
Malaria.
deaths.
I
per 1,000 of population.
1914
241
2.51
0.58
1915
328
4.14
0.78
1916
337
3.19
0.78
1917
411
3.93
0.92
1918
388
2.93
0.83
1919
314
2.69
0.62
1920
332
2.67
0.59
1921
332
3.79
0.55
1922
454
3.11
0.78
1923
674
4.33
1.14
1924
707
4.54
0.98
1925
702
4.68
0.89
1926
587
4.69
0.75
This table suggests that Malaria Fever has increased its incidence during recent years.
Beri-beri.
The deaths from this disease during 1926 were 1,192 (1,744 in 1925) being a percentage of 9.5 of the total deaths registered (11.63 in 1925). This is a very considerable drop from the high mortality from this disease registered in 1925.
The following table shows the numbers of deaths ascribed to Beri-beri during the last eleven years and the percentage rate of these on the total deaths.
Year.
No. of deaths from
Beri-beri.
Percentage of total registered deaths.
1916
520
4.92
1917
654
6.26
1918
804
6.09
1919
555
4.76
1920
361
4.90
1921
526
4.42
1922
829
5.69
1923
1270
8.17
1924
1502
9.65
1925
1744
11.63
1926
1192
9.5
M 56
Influenza.
The deaths registered during 1926 as caused by this disease number 33, this being the smallest number of deaths ascribed to this disease for the last nine years.
The following table shows the numbers of deaths due to Influenza for each month since the year 1918.
Month.
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
January February. March April May June
0
21
39.20
13
5
0: 16 118
19
13
6
0.25 75
20
13
4
0 41
38 22
18
5
10
1 75
32*27
13 7
108 137
61 26
44 13
July.
53 77
22
54
40 40 14
August
10 30
14
30
30
5
September...
1
30
28
40
:
11
October
70
44 13
64
November
95
9
35 27 76
December..
67
34 17
58
724
Total............
2129OLO O HILO LO QN
=
11
331F IP CO TO 20 00
4.
1924
1925
405: 449 542303 422 83 52 45
NOTIFIABLE INFECTIOUS DISEASES.
The incidence of these diseases was slight during 1926, the total number of cases notified being only 375.
Many of these were imported, the local cases amounting only to 325. Of these local cases 174 were Typhoid and Paratyphoid cases. For the third year in succession there were po cases of plague.
The following table shows, besides the total cases of these diseases, the numbers of cases which were of local origin, imported and brought from the New Territory for the Chinese and Non-Chinese sections of the community.
83833
1926
The following table shows the notifiable diseases registered during 1926. The by-laws governing Notification of Infectious disease do not apply to the New Territory other than New Kowloon but a few cases which have been notified are known to have come during illness from such New Territory.
Local Cases
Chinese Cases
Non-Chinese Cases
Total
Disease
Cases
Imported
N.T.
Imported N.T.
Chinese
Non-Chinese
Plague
0
Cholera
3
2
Small-pox
49
15
Cerebro Spinal Fever
14
1
Enteric Fever
197
Paratyphoid
7
Diphtheria
73
Scarlet Fever
Puerperal Fever
Relapsing Fever
Typhus Fever
Yellow Fever
0
Rabies (Men)
10
Rabies (Dogs)
13
ONETRONOOOCOO I
0
1
10
1
0
0
OHNOOOHHOCOOO!
0
1
0
2
29
0
12
154
13
6
50
20
0
OOQIRIGHI
2
1
1
1
6
1
0
1
0
9
12
OCH |
1
Total.
375
35
7
15
0
278
40
M 57
M 58
Plague.
There were no cases of plague notified during 1926. The date of the notification of the last case of this disease in the Colony was September 27th, 1923.
The Colony has therefore been assumably free from plague for well over three years.
The last notification of a plague infected rat was on September 17th, 1923.
The following table shows the monthly incidence of plague for the last ten years.
Month.
1925.
1917. |1918, 1919.1920, 1921. 1922. 1923. 1924. 1925, 1926.
January,
4
February,
1
23
March,
30
April,
94
May,
171
June,
84
132
July,
103
Angust,
September..
waku
October,
November,
December,
10
2
222
Total,
38 266 464 138 150 1,181 148
The cases of Plague recorded in the Colony since the discovery here of this disease in 1894 are given in the following
table.
Year
Cases
Year
Cases
1894
*5,000
1910
25
1895
44
1911
269
1896
1,204
1912
1,857
1897
21
1913
408
1898
1,320
1914
2,146
1899
1,486
1915
144
1900
1,087
1916
39
1901
1,651
1917
38
1902
572
1918
266
1903
1,415
1919
464
1904
510
1920
138
1905
272
1921
150
1906
893
1922
1,181
1907
240
1923
148
1908
1,078
1924
0
1909
135
1925
1926
*This is an estimate and is probably much too low.
M 59
Cholera.
No case of locally acquired Cholera has been notified in the Colony since September 1922.
Three cases were reported during 1926, all were imported. One case being Non-Chinese and two Chinese.
Small-pox.
The incidence of this disease was very slight during 1926. The total number of cases notified being 49 of which 31 only were local cases, 17 were imported and one being from the New Territories.
The Non-Chinese cases numbered 4 of which 2 were imported.
The following table shows the monthly incidence of Small- pox for the last 10 years.
MONTHLY PREVALENCE OF SMALL-POX 1917 To 1926.
Month
1917 1918 1919
1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926
2
1
11
10 36
11
1-80050HOMOK
433
255
3
6
14
19
91
40
19
29
165
397
407
CRUEH4N00000
14
TORZ❤210003-
27
34 191
212 1320 913
66
49
NomoHNOO000-
1
2034221-OCOM | ¦
January.
358
February
176
March
38
April
18
May
COON
June
July August
September... October.... November.
December
Total
595
32
Cerebro Spinal Fever.
The incidence of this disease during 1926 continued to be. slight. The cases notified numbered 14 of which 13 were local cases and 1 was imported.
The Chinese cases numbered 13 of which 1 was imported there being 1 Non-Chinese case.
The following table shows the monthly incidence of Cerebro Spinal Fever for each year since it was first notified in 1918.
M 60
MONTHLY PREVALENCE OF CEREBRO SPINAL FEVER.
Month
1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926
January
23
February
165
設缀
18
5

10
5
32 13
9
10
4 11
:
March
454
40
59
4
16
22 13
April
274
58
44
18
+
17
10
14
May
146
24
10
10
16
9
June..
96
15
10
14
July
52
13
6
August...
14
12
September.
10
10
October
5
November.......... İ
December
༈ ཀྵུ 1:2
120
Total
1,232 267 158 125 53 107
81 73 14
Enteric and Paratyphoid Fevers.
The total of cases of these diseases notified during 1926 was 204 of which 197 were cases of Enteric Fever and 7 of Paratyphoid Fever.
The cases of local origin were 174 being 154 cases of Enteric Fever and 6 cases of Paratyphoid Fever amongst th? Chinese and 13 cases of Enteric and 1 of Paratyphoid Fevers, amongst the Non-Chinese population.
There were 15 Chinese and 10 Non-Chinese imported cases of Enteric Fever and 5 Chinese cases from the New Territory.
There were no cases of Paratyphoid Fever imported.
The following table shows the monthly incidence of Enteric and Paratyphoid Fevers in the Colony for the last 10 years.
13013 10
TYPHOID AND PARATYPHOID FEVERS.
The following table shows the prevalence of these diseases for the year 1926 and the previous nine years.
Month.
1917.
1918.
1919. 1920. 1921.
1922.
1923.
1924.
1925.
1926.
M 61
January,
February,
12 tནྡྷུ
23
20
March,
22
9
April,....
21
17
May,
181
32
June,
182
44
10
July,
211
24
August,
16
17
September,
121
22
28
October,
8
16
12
November,
101
71
December,
201
16
14
-o»arotôxges
10
10+
93
6
3
63
85
10
8+
68
729
12
20
I
11 2
17
61
178
18
10
219
142
20+
105
6
18
14
94
14
492
125
131
10
141
179
121
175
12
7
6
22
12+
73
323
4816
4'
92
92
264
97
152
266
41
173
123
291
39
25+
283
191
23
123
713
17
151
193
13
71
19
510
14
173
18
81
1+
30
83
92
152
20
12
19
Total...
1887
2472
1333
11811
11579
13927
27230
24837.
1549
1977
T.
152
Chinese cases
P.
C
182

101
71
75
100
207
152
111
I
174
2
41
6
11
4
6
Small figures in mouth groups indicate paratyphoid cases and large figures indicate Typhoid cases
DIPHTHERIA.
The number of cases of this disease notified during 1926 was 73 of which 51 were Chinese and 22 Non- Chinese.
One Non-Chinese and one Chinese case was imported leaving 50 Chinese and 21 Non-Chinese cases of local crigin.
The following table shows the monthly incidence of Diphtheria for the last ten years.
DIPHTHERIA CASES NOTIFIED DURING EACH MONTH OF THE YEARS 1917 to 1926 INCLUSIVE.
Month
1917 1918 1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
January
February
March
April
May
June...
July
August
...
...

...
...
September
October
...
...
...
...
November...
December.
Total
Chinese
...
6
27
11
16
4
4
9
7
...
13
9
10
13W CLIF W
4
4
3
13
4
3
10
17
19
11
12
13
13
15
ÑOJUNWA 0850∞
12
6
9
2704+OD
10
15
12
19
14
21
6
12
6
6
4
11
6
6
10
1
7
13
11
7
)10 COD ON 20 KON
6
1220 LE
6
4
9
10
14
7
69
118
50
76
...
62
109
39
42
219

85
71
47
56
218
91
90
85
73
59
63
59
51
G. W. POPE,
Medical Officer of Health.
·M 62 -
TOPA VODIST
זי
Relapsing Fever.
Typhus Fever.
- M 63 -
Table I.-DEATHS REGISTERED IN THE COLONY OF HONG KONG DURİNG 1926.
Yellow Fever.
Rabies (Hydrophobia.)|
Dengue Fever. Paratyphoid Fever.
Influenza.
Small-pox.
Measles.
Typhoid Fever.
Diphtheria.
Cerebro-spinal
Meningitis.
:
2
...
:
1.1
:
:
14 13
93
19 7 92

2
10
3
Co
...
:
...
123
T:
1
11
7
72
1
4
6
:
122
:
:
:
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:.
1 1
:
:
...
:
:
:.
:
:
:
:.
:
33 26 1121 1 30 101 10 179
45
41
3 91
57 331
3838
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
DD.
:
F
:
:
:.
D.
:.
10
:
:.
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:.
:.
:
:
:
F.
:
E
:
Dysentery.
Plague.
Malarial Fever.
Cholera.
Puerperal Fever. Septic Infections. Syphilis.
Poisoning.
Injuries.
Developmental
.Diseases.
Old Age.
General Tuberculosis.
Beri-beri.
Cancer.
Paralysis and Convulsions.
Heart Diseases.
Pneumonia.
Phthisis & Pulmonary Tuberculosis.
Enteritis and Gastro- Enteritis.
Cirrhosis of Liver.
Peritonitis.
Nephritis.
Other causes.
Unknown.
All causes.
1
2
15
6
5
on
4
:
10
16 28
6
56
N
180
:
:
25]
2
32
...
...
37
2
...
:
172
5
10 168
19
I
1
59133214 141 110 570 67
2 31 10 76
6

294
:.
:
:.
:.
:
:.
:
...
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:..
:
:.
DDM
:.
OD.
:
:
124
54.
7
43
14 151
5
3
3
1
:
2
...
15 46 3 75
39
10
:.
888
82112 1,331 | 994|527
26
14 211 2277 61 7,531
4
2
1
16
34
18 52
56 48 22
830359 449 4
2
3 14
54 51
9178 117
484
74 3,606
34 12 11
68 8 328
...
:
D.
:
2
...
26
66
:
2
3 1
6
30
1
10
FF.
:.
:
D.
F
:.
:
:.
23
:.
:
:
:
:
36
:
:
:
43
:
1
F.
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
3
5
125
147
6
16
587 1
702
2
ลง
3
24 237 73 228 259 504 200 1192 111 | 105 | 176 2,273 15171015 33
56 376 74 366293| 577 253 1744 116110202 2,878 1831 1080 35 1881 1080
28 425 2909| 204 | 12,516
28 433 2931 292 14,991
- M 63
Table I.-DEATHS REGISTERED IN THE COLONY OF HONG KONG DURING 1926.
:
:
5
N
:
:
I
3
2
151 6
2
Scarlet Fever.
Blackwater Fever.
Relapsing Fever.
Typhus Fever.
Yellow Fever.
Rabies (Hydrophobia.)
Dengue Fever.
Paratyphoid Fever.
Influenza.
Small-pox.
Measles.
Typhoid Fever.
Diphtheria.
Cerebro-spinal Meningitis. Dysentery.
Plague.
Malarial Fever.
Cholera.
Puerperal Fever.
Septic Infections. Syphilis.
Poisoning.
Injuries. Developmental
.Diseases.
Old Age.
General Tuberculosis.
Beri-beri.
Cancer.
Paralysis and Convulsions.
Heart Diseases.
:.
1
5
10 168
59 133 214141|110|570
67
8211
1
7
2 31
76
6
15
4
2
12
54
7 43
14 151
76 419
34 18
5
Co
3 15
3
:
:
12 88
:
:
F.
:
:
...
:
:
:
:
:
...
:
10
:
:
.:..
:
:
...
:
:
:
:..
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:
172
19
294
25
25
2
22 5553
ลง
2
...
:
:.
:
14 13
93 19
92
7
...
2
Co
3
10 3 1
12 8
11
1
72
1
4
6
:
:
:
:
:
:
...
:
:.
...
:
:
:
:
:.
:.
...
I
...
1
:
:
:
:
:
DD.
:.
:
:.
:
:
:
:
:
O:.
:
:.
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:.
...
...
:
9
:
:..
:.
:
10
:
:.
:
...
:
:
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:
...
:
DD..
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:..
FAX
:
:.
:.
:
:.
:
:
:
:
:
British and
Foreign
Cominunity,
Civil,.
Victoria and Peak,.
Harbour,
Kowloon,...............
Shaukiwan, Land..
Shaukiwan, Boat
Chinese
Community,
Aberdeen, Land
Aberdeen, Boat
Stanley, Land......
Stanley, Boat......
Total, 1926,
1925,
88 88
3833
26 1 121
45
41
91
10
:
...
:.
...
2
3
...
:.
:
:
5
24 237 73 228 259 504 200 1192 111 | 105 | 170
2
3 56376 74366 293 | 577 | 253|1744| 116 | 110 | 20:
January.
February.
March.
M 64
Table II.-CASES OF NOTIFIABLE DISEASES RECORDED IN EACH MONTH OF THE YEAR 1926.
+
April.
May.
June.
July.
August.
September.
October.
No vember.
...
...
December.
Total, 1926.
Total, 1925.
...
Plague.
European.
Chinese
Others
...
:
:
...
...
...
...
...
European.
1
3
2
3
1
10
26
...
...
Typhoid Fever
Chinese
I
5
10
15
9
6
21
29
23
14
24
17
174
197
111
154
Others
1
2
1
2
3
3
1
13
17
...
1
4
1
...
European.
...
6
7
9
Paratyphoid Fever......
Chinese
1
1
...
Others
...
...
...
.1
...
...
...
1
1
European.....
***
...
...
...
Cholera
Chinese
...
1
1
...
...
...
Others
European.
...
Small-Pox
Chinese
Others
European...
Diphtheria
Chinese
Others
: NO CO
...
European...
Puerperal Fever
Chinese
1
I
...
...
Others
European.
...
...
2
...
2
1
45
49
59
66
6
14
13
4
2
2
3
1
4
1
1
1
19
21
6
5
1.
9
1
4
6
52
73
59
85
2
1
1
1
..
I
2
1
6
2
2
1
2
1
10
Scarlet Fever
Chinese
...
Others
...
European.
Relapsing Fever..
Chinese
Others
European..
...
:.
:
:
Typhus Fever.
Chinese
...
Others
European..
...
Cerebro Spinal Fever...
Chinese
2
3
2
1
1
1
2
1
I
I
13
14
71
73
Others
...
...
European
Yellow Fever
Chinese
::
:
...
Others
1 .
European..
...
Rabies
Chinese
4
...
! Dogs
4
2
2
21
2
1
1
1
9
13
223
3

5
...
Total, 1926..
28
22
29
40
40
1123
15
43
1993 593
42
25
24
88
29
375
Total, 1925.
55
48
62
52
36
23
12
25
24
24
21
22
:.
:
...
404
Plague
Enteric Fever
Paratyphoid Fever.
Cholera
Small-pox
Diphtheria
Puerperal Fever.....
Scarlet Fever
Relapsing Fever.
Typhus Fever...
Cerebro-Spinal Fever.
Yellow Fever
Human..
Rabies
Dogs
Table III.—The following Table shows the nature and distribution of the notifiable diseases during 1926.
City of Victoria : Health Districts.
2
3
4
6
CC
9
CO
10
Peak.
Kowloon.
Harbour. New
Territories.
Village of
Hong Kong.
No address.
Imported.
Total, 1926.
Total, 1925.
10

:ཌ : ོ ོ
:
10
6
2
1
1
com:
2
6
2
12
1
7
2
2
2
1
3
4
3
27
7
ཌ་
1
25
27
INDIAN :
...
17
5
14
13 25
197
154
7
9
3
2
49
66

85
:
7
5
1
1
2
2
3
4
3
!
2
I
2
i. Ni w
3
2
1
1
1
14
2
...
1
:
2
1
10
13
:
73
* LO
- M 65
M 66
Table IV.
MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS
DURING THE YEAR 1926.
Mus Rattus...
Mus Decumanus,
Total Infected Eats.......
Human Cases of Plague....
Mus Rattus, Mus Decumanus,
Total Infected Rats....
Local.... Import- ed,...
:
CITY OF VICTORIA.
:
is
:
:
:
January.
February.
March.
April.
May.
June,
July.
August.
September.
October.
November.
December.
Total,
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS
DURING THE YEAR 1926.
January.
::
February.
March.
KOWLOON.
April.
May.
:
June.
:
July,
Human Cases of Plague,..
Local,. Import-
ed,..
:
The total number of Rats caught in Hong Kong
Do.
Do.
Kowloon
August.
September.
October,
:
:
93,250
...
36,665
November,
December.
:
Total.
:
:
:
:
1
CAUSES.
Troops.
Civil.
BRITISH
AND
FOREIGN
COMMUNITY.
No. 1.
No.
:
No. 3.
Womer & Children.
:
Army.
:
:
:
:
Camp followers.
:
:
Navy.
4
1. Enteric Fover
2. Typhus Fever
3. (a) Relapsing Fever
(b) Malta Fever
4. Malaria
5. Small-pox-
(a) Vaccinated
(b) Not vaccinated
(c) Doubtful
6. Measles
7. Scarlet Fever
8. Whooping Cough
9. (a) Diphtheria
(b) Membranous laryngitis
(e) Croup
10. Influenza
11. Miliary, Fever....
12. Asiatic Cholera
13. Cholera Nostras
14. Dysentery
15. Plague
16. Yellow Fever
17. Leprosy
18. Erysipelas
5
1
:
2
:
:
35
26
:
:
30
:
21
:

:
B3
14
11
3
6
18
No. 4.
No. 5.
No. 6.
RETURN shewing
VICTORIA.
HEALTH DISTRICT.
No. 7.
10
5
5
1
48
6
13
4
6
38
1
-1
1
1
No..
No. 9.
CHE
6
18
B3

1
2
I
I
222222
72
:
:
}
6
38
:
:
30
:
12
:
:
F
14
21
:
7
:
483
28
:
2
:
T
No. *.
:
:
:
:

'ORIA.
DISTRICT.
No. 9.
:
No. 10.
12 294
1
:
:
:
i
:
I
10
:
:
CHINESE COMMUNITY.
M 67
URN shewing NUMBER and CAUSES of DEATHS Registered during the Year ending the 31st day of
Unknown.
:
11
Peak.
:
7
25
:
KOWLOON SHAURIWAN ABERDEEN
STANLEY
Under I
DISTRICT.
DISTRICT.
DISTRICT.
DISTRICT.
month.
Harbour
Land
Population.
Boat
Population.
Land
Population.
Boat
Population.
Land
Population.
Boat
Population.
Land
Population.
Boat
Population.
Non-Chinese.
21
:
:
:
:
32
37
:
2
:
:
T
:
:
:
:
I
N
Τώ
5
:
:
:
T
:
59
I
13
Chinese.
:
:
Non-Chinese.
ipuoni J
and
under 12
months.
Chinese.
Non-Chinese.
IN
:
:
2
:
:
5
:
:
:
5
I
:
:

:
13
:
:
:
59
I
57
1
I
6
:
:
1
2
20
8
:
F
6

10
:
:
Non-Chinese.
:
34
:
ان
I wonth and under 12
months.
Chinese.
:
:
:
31st day of December, 1926.
TOTAL AT THE DIFFERENT AGE PERIODS.
Non-Chinese.
Chinese,
Non-Chinese.
Chinese.
Non-Chinese.
1 year
and under 5
years.
5 years
and under 15
years.
15 years and under 25
25 years
and under 45
45 years and under 60
60 years
Age Un-
and over.
known.
GRAND TOTAL.
years.
years.
years.
15
15
I
:
:
:
34
:
Chinese.
Non-Chimese.
1 113
203
71
27
2
1
3
6
:
10
1
72
58
25
:
19
:
179
:
[
:
33
30
1
Chinese.
1
Non-Chinesc.
26
Chinese.
Non-Chinese.
:
587
Chinese.
Non-Chinese.
121
Chinese.
3. () Relapsing Fever
(b) Malta Fever
4. Malaria
5. Small-pox :----
(4) Vaccinated
(b) Not vaccinated
(e) Doubtful
6. Measles
7. Searlet Fever
8. Whooping Cough
9. (a) Diphtheria
(b) Membranous laryngitis
(c) Croup
10. Influenza
11. Miliary, Fever ......
12. Asiatic Cholera
13. Cholera Nostras
14. Dysentery
15. Plague
16. Yellow Fever
17. Leprosy
18. Erysipelas
19. Other Epidemic diseases
. (a) Mumps
(b) German measles
(c) Varicella
(d) Fever (undefined)
20. (a) Pyaemia
(b) Septicaemia
(c) Vaccinia
21. Glanders
22. Anthrax
23. Rabies Hydrophobia
24. Tetamus
25. (a) Actinomycosis
(b) Other mycoses
26. Pellagra
27. Beri Beri
:
Carried forward....... 16
1
1
:
:
:
1
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
35
K
26
2
13
5
65
38
:
3
6
1
I
:
3
1
I
1
1
1
1
13
14
2
11
3
4
6
18
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
8
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1
1
1
I
1
66
2
1
2
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
I
:
:
:
:
19
2
.70
108
41
40
28
25
43
68
こい
210 164
59
87
to
159
43
63 178
C
:
:
1
1
:
:
2
2
:
178
89
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
18
8
13
:
: :
:
:
:
:
:
: :
:
:
:
:
10
ז
:
:
R
:
:
1
35
90
31
419
14
75
29
26
28
87
180°
63
844
30
111
31
61
65
:
6
:
1
12
: : :
:
: :
:
:
: :
:
:
: :
:
:.
:
:
: :
: :
3

:
3
1
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
64
69
4
85
130
:
:
:
:
2
:
1222
72
3
: :
:
6
:
:
: :
12
:
:

: :
:
:
:
:
:
2
:
:
2
:
:
:
:
88
2
.:
14
28
12
294
25
00
8
:
:
عز
:
:
3
: :
:
:
:
:
: :
: :
:
:
:
: :
:
:
:
:
:
:
: :
: :
:
:
:
1
:
...
:
:
:
:
:
: :
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
: : :
:
:

:
32
:
37
:
21
2
20
:
:
:
:
:
:
1
:
:
1
59
:
3
85
136
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1
2
:
:
35
131
:
·
:
:
:
من
3
:
:
:
:
:
293
ር።
3
449
:
:
:
:
:
:
00
t
:
1
:
10
:
:
:
:
N
:
:
:
:
: :
2
:
5
: :
:
1
20
:
:
1
6
:
6
10
:
:
:
K
6
2
:
:
:
:
12
: :
3
:
:
:
:
:
595
212
49
942
360
2
108
8
57
:
نت
:
:
:

2
:
:
:
:
:
I
72
ان
:
:
:
:
10
:
1.192
2.297

:
:
:
1
58
:
:
:
:
TB
203
:
: :
:
:
:
:
10
81
:
:
:
:
:
25
24
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
5
:
71
: :
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
...
2
5
:
1
179
:
:
:
27
:
33
:
30
:
1
26
:
587
587
=
CAUSES.
Brought forward........ | 16
28. (a) Pulmonary tuberculosis..
(b) Phthisis
29. (a) Acute Phthisis
(b) Acute Miliary
Tuberculosis
1
30. Tuberculous meningitis
4
31. (a) Abdominal Tuberculosis.
32. Tuberculosis of the Spine
:
N
1
33. Tuberculosis of Joints
34. (a) Lupus
(b) Scrofula
́(c) Tuberculosis of other
organs
35. Disseminated Tuberculosis
36. (a) Rickets
(b) Osteomalacia
37, Syphilis
38. (a) Soft Chancre
(b) Gonococcus infection
(c) Purulent Ophthamia
39. Cancer and other malignant
tumours of the buccal cavity. 40. Cancer and other malignant tumours of the stomach, liver
41. Cancer and other malignant tumours of the peritoneum
:
3
:
:
14
1
:
Civil.
BRITISH
AND
FOREIGN
COMMUNITY.
:
Women & Children.
Army.
:
:
Camp
followers.
Navy.
No. 1.
Troops.
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
874
54
9
:
1
:
:
දහ
No. 2.
No. 3.
No. 4.
No. 5.
No. 6.
RETURN shewing ì
VICTORIA.
HEALTH DISTRICT.
No. 7.
No. 8.
210
164
4
59
87
45
43
63 178
91
36
4
25
27
13
11
12 337
25
52
7
:
333333
47
37
30
31
63
33393
:
:
36
5
2
1
:
3
1
6
14
5
5
8
11
10
2
3
1
1
1
1
1
3
:
1.
:
1
:
:
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:
:
:.
:
:
:
:
1
--5
7
3
3
1
4
3
1
:
1
:
100
:
4
:
:
:
:
:
6
-41
3
1
58
:
:
2
1
2
4
:
No. 9.
CHIN
M 68
JRN shewing NUMBER and CAUSES of DEATHS Registered during the Year ending the 31st day of I
CHINESE COMMUNITY.
ORIA.
DISTRICT.
No. 8.
No. 9.
No. 10.
Unknown.
Peak.
Non-Chinese.
KOWLOON SHAUKIWAN ABERDEEN
STANLEY
Under 1
DISTRICT.
DISTRICT.
DISTRICT.
DISTRICT.
month.
I month
and under 12
110
months.
y
Harbour
Land
Population.
Boat
Population.
Land
Population.
Boat
Population.
Land
Population.
Boat
Population.
Laud ·
Population.
Boat
Population.
Non-Chinese.
333323
63
178
87
130
12 337
18
13
31
63
45
37
:
:
33333
63
844
30 111
31
61
65
9

5 115
17
5
2
1
18 244
8
7
2.
28
42
1
11
33
2
1
3
:
1
3
1
:
:
:
6
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
2
2
9
1
3
:.
1
35
2
1
:
:
:
:
:
41
5
1
}
1
58
:
:
:
1
:
:
5
:
:
20
:ན
:
:
2
4
3
1
1
:.
8
76
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
4
54
:
:
:
:
1
:
:
:
1
Chinese.
:
Non-Chinese.
:..
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:
:
3
CYJ
Co
3
LO
5
:
:
:
:
A:
:
:.
:
:
1
13
1
:
:
:
:
:
Chinese.
69
4 85
4
3
162
1
:
4
:
:
:
:.
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
10
5
:
1
7
1
16
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:
...
22
39
1
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
93
:
:
:
:
:
:
TOTAL AT THE Different AGE PERIODS.
31st day of December, 1926.
1 month
and under 12
months.
Non-Chinese.
1 year
and under 5
years.
5 years and under 15
years.
15 years and under 25
25 years
and under 45
45 years
and under 60
60 years
and over.
Age Un- known.
GRAND
TOTAL.
years.
years.
years.
Chinese.
Non-Chinese.
Chinese.
Non-Chinese.
Chinese.
Non-Chinese.
Chinese.
Non-Chinese.
Chinese.
Non-Chinese.
Chinese.
Non-Chinese.
Chinese.
Non-Chinese.
:
Chinese.
4
85
4
136
1
131
3 449
N
942
360
2
108
162
1
178
41
4
54
10 162
104
2
1
10
4
122
6 415
2
176
:
888
28
28
:
:.
1
:
:
10
5
:
:
:
7
1
16
:
:
:
:
:
:
44
30 1
19
:
15
6
1
3
:
:
22
:
:
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:.
:.
64
1
93
9
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
T:
:
5
10
5
7
6
3
72
:
:
:
:
1
1
:
:
:
:
2
:
:.
CU
3
:
:
:
2,297
747
770
78
61
48
3
3
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:
:.
:
÷
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
F:
:
:
:
:
11
2 23
6
10
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:
1
59
1
21
2
1
:
:
1
:
10
:
:
1
:
18

C
:
:
1
1
200
:
237
1
1
9
38.
*
20. \")
(b) Phthisis
29. (a) Acute Phthisis
(b) Acute Miliary
Tuberculosis
13
1
30. Tuberculous meningitis
:
25
225
:
:
22
52
7
33
47
37 30
31
63
:
:
:
9
3
1
6
Co
14
5
5
8
11
36
5
2
3
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
3
1
.1.
1
1
:
-37
6
:
:.
:
:
:
:
:.
:
7
:
6
41
:
54
9.
3
3
8
4
3
1
1
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
N
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1
:
58
:.
&
3
1
2
2
1
1
:
:
:
:
1
2
female
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
:
31. (a) Abdominal Tuberculosis.
32. Tuberculosis of the Spine
33. Tuberculosis of Joints
34. (a) Lupus
(b) Scrofula
(c) Tuberculosis of other
organs
35. Disseminated Tuberculosis
36. (a) Rickets
(b) Osteomalacia
37, Syphilis
38. (a) Soft Chancre
(b) Gonococcus infection
(c) Purulent Ophthamia
39. Cancer and other malignant
tumours of the buccal cavity. 40. Cancer and other malignant tumours of the stomach, liver
41. Cancer and other malignant tumours of the peritoneum intestines, rectum
42. Cancer and other malignant
tumours of the
genital organs
43. Cancer and other malignant
tumours of the breast
44. Cancer and other malignant tumours of the skin
45. Cancer and other malignant tumours of other organs and of organs not specified ·.
46. (a) Angioma
(b) Adenoma
(c) Other tumours
47. Rheumatic Fever
48. (a) Chronic Rheumatism
(b) Osteo-arthritis
49. Scurvy
50. Diabetes
51. Exophthalmic goitre
Carried forward........
1
3
00
1
-
2
:
62
:
:
2
1
1
:
:
:
1
:
1
2
1
1
:
:
:
6
:
1.
:
:
:
:
1
1
1
:
:
1
484
283
23
141 204
110
97
128
.704
:
128
.704
:
:
169
1.
209
:
:
:
:
:
2
3
:
1
:
:
1
:
105 1,413
:
T:
1
:
58
:
:
:
:
වේ
:
:
:
:
3
:
:
:
10
:
10
31
63
45
37
8
11
B
1
N
1
1
3
3
:
1
: :
: : :
:
7
:
10
20
:
1
13
:
: :
1
:
:
:
:
...
8
4
54
:
:
:
:
:
:
62
138
33
94
:
:
:
:.
:
:
:
108
:
:
:
:
:
76
:
10
3
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
18
:
244
8
7
2
28
42
:
:
ลง
2
2
1
3
....
1
35
2
:
1
:
10
:
1
:
: :
...
:
: :
:
3
:
:
:
: :
:
:
:
:
: :
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
6
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
111
6
395
6
:
:
:
:
:
:
+
:
:
:
:
:
+
:
فسر
:
:
:
.:
:
:
:
39
:
:
:
:
:
:
1
93
222
:
:
10
5
1
7
1
:
16
: : E
:
:
:
:
10
:
2
44
1
10
4 122
415
2 176
...
15
7
1
30
1
7
16
19
6
:
1
:
:
:
:
:
22
64
1
93
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1
9
:
:
:
:
:
:
3
:
:
:
122
72
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
10
5
4
1
1
:
:
:
:
11
2
10
5
6
3
2
:.
:
:
:
:
CU
:
:
:
:
:
23
6
:
:
*
10
59
21
1
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:
6 395
6 482
288
11 663
:
:
10
2
:
:
:
1
18
2
28
:
:
2
1
7
:
6
1
11
:
:
1
1
:
:
:
...
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
a
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
11
...
2
1
2
1
27 1,653
10
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
2
:
:
:
2
3
1
:
:
:
:
:
770
:
:
:
:
:
4
3
...
724
4
196
...
·
:
78
61
48
3
3
:
:
:
1
200
237
:
:
:
1
38.
7
12
12
1
10
30
10
w
1
4.575
CAUSES.
Civil.
Troops.
BRITISH
AND
FOREIGN
COMMUNITY.
Army.
Women & Children.
Camp
followers.
4
Navy.
No.
1.
No.
2.
No.
3.
484
283
23 141
:..
:
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:
Brought forward..............
52. Addison's disease
53. (a) Banti's disease
(b) Lymphadenoma
54. Anæmia chlorosis
55. (a) Diabetes insipidus
(b) Purpura
(c) Hæmophilia
(d) Other General Diseases
56. Alcoholism
57. (a) Occupational lead
poisoning
(b) Non-occupational lead
poisoning
58. Other chronic poisonings
(occupational)
59. Other chronic poisoning
(non-occupational)
60. Encephalitis
61. (a) Cerebro-spinal Fever
(b) Simple Meningitis (c) Meningitis (nature) unspecified)
62. Locomotor Ataxy
63. Other diseases of spinal cord.
(a)
(b)
62
:
LO
5
:
1
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
...
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1
:
:.
:
1
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
64. (a) Apoplexy
1
:
1
1
5
135
3
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
2
4
4
1
1
2
1
:
:
1
:
:
No.
4.
5.
No.
No.
6.
RETURN shewing
VICTORIA.
HEALTH DISTRICT.
No.
..
No.
x.
204 110 · 97 128
704
:
:..
:
:
:
:
:
Ι
1
3
1
1
2
3
1
:
:
:
:
:
:
1
:
:
2
:
9.
1
:
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:.
:
:
1
No.
9.
CHI
:
2
:
:
3
}
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
: :
2
3
2
6
1
:
:
:
:
:
No.
128
704
:
:
25
'ORIA.
CHINESE COMMUNITY.
-M 69 —
JRN shewing NUMBER and CAUSES of DEATHS Registered during the Year ending the 31st day of
DISTRICT.
No. 9.
169
:
No. 10.
209
Unknown.
:
:
:
:
:
: : :
:
:
:
:
:
:
50
:
:
1
1
1
19
2
3
:
:
: :
:
:
:
:
Peak.
1 month
1
KOWLOON
SHAUKIWAN
ABERDEEN
STANLEY
Under 1
DISTRICT.
DISTRICT.
DISTRICT.
DISTRICT.
month.
under 12 and
Harbour
Land
Population.
Boat
Population.
Land
Population.
Boat
Population.
Land
Population.
Boat
Population.
Land
Population.
Boat
Population.
Non-Chinese.
1051.413
62
138
33
94
108
:
A
1
:
1
:
:
CO
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:
:
:
:
: :
: :
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
: :
:
:
:
:
: :
1
:
:
7
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1
3
66
2
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
111
1
:
:
:
:
...
:
:
:
. C'hinese.
Non-Chinese.
months.
Chinese.
6
395
6
:
:
1
...
Non-Chinese.
:
2
:
:
1
66
:

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
F
:
59
:
:
:
:
Non-Chinese.
31st day of December, 1926.
1 month and under 12
months.
Chinese.
Non-Chinese.
Chinese.
Non-Chinese.
TOTAL AT THE DIFFERENT AGE PERIODS.
1 year
and under 5
years.
5 years and under 15
years.
15 years and under 25
25 years
and under 45
and under 60
H
45 years
60 years
Age Un-
and over.
known.
GRAND TOTAL.
years.
years.
years.
6 395
6 482
4. 288
:
1
:
:
:
:
:
:
1
3
3
2
1
:
:
20
:
:
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:
:
3
:
:
:

:
3
Co
:
:
:
:
:
2
:
:
2
:
:
16
:
:
1
2
:
:
Chinese.
Non-Chinese.
Chinese.
11 663 27 1,653
:
:
:
:
:
:
2
:
:
35
1
24
37
1
:
3
00
:
:
:
:
2
:
:
:
:
:
2
6
Non-Chinese.
1
10
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
67
Chinese.
:
Non-Chinese.
Chinese.
724
196
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
10
6
152
:
:
:
...
60
1
Non-Chinese.
:
Chinese.
:
:
:
:
:
-
Non-Chinese.
1.
10
Chinese.
4,575
1
:
:
:
:
:
:
5
...
:
:
:
:
1
:.
:
:
:
:
...
.:
4
:
:
:
:..
:
:
:
:
:
1
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
5
:
:
1
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:
:
:
:
F:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
2
4
1
1
1
:
:
:.
135
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
53. (a) Banti's disease
(b) Lymphadenoma
34. Anæmia chlorosis
55. (a) Diabetes insipidus
(b) Purpura
(e) Hæmophilia
(d) Other General Diseases
56. Alcoholism
57. (a) Occupational lead
poisoning
(b) Non-occupational lead
poisoning
58. Other chronic poisonings
(occupational)
59. Other chronic poisoning
(non occupational)
60. Encephalitis
61. (a) Cerebro-spinal Fever
(b) Simple Meningitis (c) Meningitis (nature
unspecified)
62. Locomotor Ataxy
63. Other diseases of spinal cord.
(a)
(b)
1
1
:
:
3
:
1
2
:
1
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
3
:
:
1
:
:
:
2
:
:
:
:
10
5
:
:
:
:
:
1
1
...
4
:
9.
:
1
1
1
3
1
1
2
3
:
1
10
:
1
2
5
1
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
64. (a) Apoplexy
(b) Serous apoplexy (œdema
of brain)
in-
(c) Cerebral Congestion (d) Cerebral Atheroma
cluding atheroma with cerebral hemorrhage)
(e) Cerebral Hæmorrhage
65. Softening of the Brain
66. (a) Hemiplegia
(b) Paraplegia
(e) Other forins of paralysis.
67. General Paraysis of the
Insane
68. Other forms of Mental
Alienation
69. Epilepsy
70. (a) Epileptiform Convulsions
(b) Convulsions over 5 years.
71. Convulsions in children
under 5 years
Carried forward......
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
7
ة
:
:
:
:
6
CO
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:.
:
:
73 2
:
:
1
:
:
+
9
1
:
:.
:
:
:.
2
1
:
:
F:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:.
:
63
:
698 306
24 153

:
217 124 103 143
737
18
MEDICAL REPORT
HONG KONG
FOR THE YEAR
1926
M (1) 3-
CONTENTS
Page
I.-Administrative :---
(a.) Staff,
Changes in,.
(b.) Financial,
II.-Vital Statistics, III.-General Remarks,
IV.-Hospitals, Institutes, etc.,
V. The Chinese Midwives,
The Bacteriological Institute,
5
6
7
7
7
9
27
32
The Public Mortuaries,....
77
The Chemical Laboratory,
37
The Office of the Health Officer of the Port,
46
RETURNS, STATISTICS :-
Statistics of Diseases and deaths,
Statistics of Diseases and deaths, Kowloon Hospital Statistics-Venereal Diseases...
28
18 19 20
55
65
Statistics of post-mortem examinations (Victoria)
77
Do..
do.
(Kowloon)
85
Statistics from the Bacteriological Institute,...... Statistics from the Chemical Laboratory,
35
37
Statistics from the Health Officer of the Port,
19
- M (1) 5-
ANNUAL MEDICAL REPORT FOR THE YEAR ENDING
31st DECEMBER, 1926.
(a) Staff:
1.-ADMINISTRATIVE.
Principal Civil Medical Officer,
Medical Officers,
Bacteriologist,
Health Officer of the Port and
Inspector of Emigrants,
Chinese Medical Officers,
Resident Surgeon, Tung Wah Hospital,
Analyst,
Assistant Analysts,
Assistant Analysts (Class II)
Nursing Staff:—
Principal Matron,
Matrons,
Home Sister,
Nursing Sisters, Charge Nurse,
Staff Nurses,
Probationer Nurses,
Probationer Dressers,
Head Attendant (Lunatic Asylum), Assistant Attendant (Lunatic Asylum), Female Attendant (Lunatic Asylum), Wardmasters,
Midwives,
Dispensers :-
Apothecary,
Assistant Apothecary,
5th Grade Dispenser,
6th Grade Dispensers, Probationers,
Interpreter and Dispenser,
Clerical Staff:·
Accountant,
Class III Clerk,
food and food
1
7
1
2
3
1
1
2
2
1
4
1
42
1
4
17
15
1
1
I
4
7
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
Class IV Clerks,
2
Class V Clerks,
Class VI Clerks,
Other Officers:
Steward,
Sampler (Temporary)
Class II Laboratory Assistant,
Class IV Laboratory Assistant,
Class VI Laboratory Assistant, Linen Maid,
Public Vaccinators,
7
1
1
1
1
1
1
12
Wardboys, Amahs, Cooks and others,
272
M (1) 6
CHANGES IN THE STAFF.
Dr. J. P. Fehily appointed acting Health Officer of the Port from 16th March vice Dr. B. H. Mellon on leave.
Dr. C. W. McKenny appointed Radiologist on return from leave on 22nd June.
Dr. I. Newton appointed Medical Officer, Kowloon and New Territories on 16th March.
Dr. Cheah Keng Seng appointed Chinese Medical Officer on 1st July vice Dr. Shin Lok Shang resigned.
Sisters G. Chettle and M. J. Wilson promoted to Matron, Victoria and Kowloon Hospitals from 1st January.
Sister J. A. Davis promoted to Home Sister, Civil Hospital from 1st January.
Sisters G. E. Wyatt, A. E. Hammond and W. Riddle invalided from the service.
Sister F. M. M. Huxtable resigned on 31st August.
Sisters E. C. Murray, M. E. Riddle and A. M. Pearton left the service on completion of agreement.
Misses E. Riley, D. Lewis, N. C. Pakenham-Walsh, V. M, Burnett, J. Mc. H. Nicolson and R. K. Ault were appointed Nursing Sisters during the year.
Staff Nurse M. Gomes promoted to Charge Nurse on 1st May.
Staff Nurse J. Cheung resigned on 31st July.
Probationers A. Lowcock and V. C. Chan promoted to Staff Nurses from 1st May.
July.
Probationer D. Black promoted to Staff Nurse from 1st
Probationers S. V. Shirazee and Tam Sin Ying resigned from 16th September and 7th September, respectively.
Probationers Lei Sut Lin and Tang Lok Wai both resigned from 30th November.
Misses M. Lee, D. Lau, May Li Pak and L Poon were appointed Probationers during the year.
Mrs. K. Grant appointed temporary Female Attendant, Lunatic Asylum on 6th March vice Mrs. A. Dawson on leave.
- M (1) 7-
(b) FINANCIAL.
The amount sanctioned in the Estimate was $769,911 and the Expenditure was $723,234.88.
For Medical Treatment,
Medical Certificates,
Revenue received:
??
Bacteriological Examinations,
39
Chemical Analyses,
Bills of Health,
27
Medical Examination of Emigrants, ..
Total,
$78,092.98
35.00
7,220.41
16,422.50
9,342.00
143,957.30
$255,070.19
II. VITAL STATISTICS.
The population of the Colony is estimated to be:-
Birtish and foreign civilians
Chinese Civilians
Total number of Chinese births registered
Total number of non-Chinese births
16,500 857,920
2,022
163
The general birth rate for the civil population is said to be 4.5 and that of the Chinese 4.18 per 1000. From the nature of the case it is practically impossible to arrive at a correct estimate of the Chinese birth rate.
The total number of deaths was 12,516 and the general civilian death rate was 15.9 per 1,000. Of this total there were 12,336 Chinese and 180 non-Chinese civilians and the death rate was respectively 16.01 and 10.9 per 1,000.
Infantile mortality.-Among infants of one month or less, 12 non-Chinese and 829 Chinese, died. Of those infants who were more than a month old but less than a year, 15 non-Chinese- and 3,409 Chinese died. The total number of children who died at the age of a year or less was therefore 27 non-Chinese and 4,238 Chinese. These figures are derived from reliable statistics because the registration of deaths is compulsory, but as births are not registered in every case the Chinese birth rate given above is not accurate. (These statistics are derived from the Medical Officer of Health's office).
III. GENERAL REMARKS.
In order to obtain a clear view of medical affairs in the Colony this report should be read with the report of the Sanitary Department which deals with all matters of public health, statistics of the incidence of infectious diseases, death rates etc.
M (1) 8

The Colony was free from epidemic disease during the year 1926. There were a few sporadic cases of small--pox during the first seven months of the year, the total number of cases being 49 of which only 32 were of local origin.
European Civil Service.-The total number of Europeans of the Civil Service invalided was 7 or roughly .79%.
The total number of deaths of Europeans in the Civil Service was 5 a rate of .56%.
Plague and Cholera.-There were no cases of either of these diseases and the Colony must be considered very fortunate to have escaped infection with cholera which was prevalent in several of the ports with which the Colony is in communication.
Death rate. The general death rate during the year was 15.9 per mille; this figure is a very low one when it is considered that the large majority of the population live in an over-crowded Eastern city.
Malaria. Both hospital admissions and the total number of deaths from the. disease show that malaria was somewhat less prevalent than during the previous year, the figures are
Hospital Admissions Deaths
1925
2460
702
1926
2259
587
Tuberculosis.-This disease is very prevalent and Was responsible for 15.27% of the total deaths in 1926. The prospect of being able to do much to mitigate this disease in the Colony is not a bright one. It would necessitate a complete alteration of the mode of life and habits of the large majority of the population.
Radiology. For the first time a whole time Radiologist was appointed. Dr. C. W. McKenny returned from leave in June having spent his time in the study of Radiology and allied sciences and, having obtained his diploma (D. M. R. & E. Cam- bridge), was appointed to the post. The new Department was made much use of and its activities will be much extended when new apparatus, etc., indented for, arrives.
Kowloon Hospital. This Hospital which was open in December 1925 speedily proved to have filled an urgent need, the beds being fully occupied throughout the year.
Victoria Hospital.-The work of reconstruction at the Victoria Hospital was completed in September and the new Maternity Block which had been in use as a general hospital during reconstruction was opened to Maternity cases or November 21st.
-
M (1) 9-
Health of European Staff of Civil Service.-It is not possible to give any detailed report on the health of the Staff of the Civil Service as in many cases members of the Staff are attended by private practitioners.
IV. HOSPITALS, INSTITUTES, &C.
CIVIL HOSPITAL.
Dr. D. J. Valentine was the Medical Officer in charge and Dr. W. L. Paterson was Second Medical Officer. Dr. C. W. McKenny took charge from 20th July to 10th October, while the first mentioned two went on leave.
Nursing Staff-Miss. E. A. Girling was appointed Matron in succession to Miss. M. Sloan who took up the new appoint- ment of Principal Matron.
Buildings etc.-No large structural additions or alterations were made to the hospital. The new annexe to the Sisters' Quarters was completed early in the year.
The total number of admissions to the hospital (exclusive of the Maternity Block and Lunatic Asylum) was 5,381 a number which is less than the figure for the three previous years.
The daily average of patients in hospital was 192 which shows that during part of the year every available bed was occupied (198). At times a state of over-crowding existed.·
All nationalities were treated at the Civil Hospital- European Women and children are not, except in special instances, treated there--they are accommodated at Victoria Hospital, Barker Road.
European Indians Chinese
526
1,115
3,740
the
The patients were divided as follows:-
1st Class
2nd Class
3rd Class
45
204
5,132
The Male numbered 4,537 and the Female 844.
Deaths-335 Patients died and of these 147 died within 24 hours of admission.-The death rate was 6.2% as compared with 6.16% in 1925.
M (1) 10
The death rates according to sex and nationality were:--
European
Indians
Chinese
Males Females
1.7%
2.2%
8.0%
5.7%
9.0%
Table I is a detailed list of the number of cases and deaths of each particular disease. A few of these call for special comment. In the first place there was no big epidemic of any one disease. The admissions for Diphtheria, Dysentery, Typhoid fever, Beri beri and Malaria were less than during the previous years. There was no case of plague. On the other hand, the figures for Influenza, Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Acute Enteritis are higher.
Three cases of Rabies were treated without sucċess.
The number of cases admitted to hospital suffering from general and local injuries, many of them of a severe nature and ending fatally, was very high, there being over 1,000.
A certain number of beds (about 90 in all) are set aside for the use of third class Asiatic patients who are under the care of the University Medical Staff. This Staff consists of the Honorary Visiting Physician, Surgeon and Gynaecologist, their respective assistants and resident House Officers.
There is the closet co-operation between the University Staff and the Government Medical Officers to the best possible interests of the paticnts.
Out Patients Department:-This is now entirely managed by the University Staff (Government servants are attended to between the hours of 9. A. M. and 10.30. A. M. by a Govern- ment Medical Officer.) Patients attend in the morning and after- noon. Teaching clinics are held at certain hours.
Treatment, including medicines and dressings is free of charge. A local practitioner holds a special eye clinic one after- noon a week.
This Department is a great boon to the poorer class Chinese, and the clinic is largely attended.
16,969 persons attended as out-patients.
27,032 prescriptions were dispensed.
M (1) 11
The Police Force :-The total number of admissions to hospital was 1,262 (1,889 in 1924 and 1,783 in 1925) made up as follows:
European
Indians
Cantonese
Wei Hai Wei
Deaths
152
nil
470
2
281
1
359
1
There has been a great reduction in the incidence of Malaria among the Wei Hai Wei contingent, but the incidence of venereal disease among these men has increased.
The Maternity Department:-This consists of a one storied building and can accommodate 20 patients. Half of the beds are for first and second class patients (European and Asiatic) under the care of the Government Medical Officers. The other half are for third class Asiatic patients under the care of the University Obstetrical Staff.
Admissions
Europeans Indians Japanese
Chinese
Still Births
Miscarriages (complete and threatened)
False labour pains
Deaths (infantile)
Deaths (Maternal)
Twins
626
50
32
20
524
22
20
58
2GOT COLO
The Lunatic Asybon :-The Medical Officer of the Civil Hospital was also in charge of the Asylum.
Admissions
Discharged (apparently cured)
Relieved
Transferred to John G. Kerr Hospital,
Canton
Died
Daily Average
290
114
135
15
16
1
24
M (1) 12
In past years it has been the custom to transfer a large number of non-British Chinese insane patients to the John G. Kerr Hospital, Canton, to which a grant is made for this service. During the year, owing to the unsettled state of affairs in the Kwong Tung Province, it has only been possible to send fifteen
cases.
Table I.
Nationality and Sex of Patients treated in 1926.
Nationality.
Remain- ing at end of 1925.
Admit- ted in 1926.
Total number treated.
Dis- charged.
Died.
Remain- ing in at end of 1926.
M. F. M
F. M. F. M. F.
M.
M.
F.
Europeans Americans Indians
3
13 1
12
N
5
Chinese
co::
1
179
93 187 96 158
90
13
199
16
Total
12 6 196
94 1208 100 174
90
13
21
M (1) 13
Table II.
Diseases.
Remaining in Hospital at end of
1925.
Discharged
Admitted Total
Remaining in
during 1926.
Transferred
cases Treated.
Apparent- ly cured.
Relieved. to Canton.
Died.
Asylum.
Hospital at end of
1926.
Errors of Development:-
Idiocy
Feeblemindedness
1
1
1
Imbecility
.4 12
Disorders of Function:
(Acute
1
22
Mania Intermittent
1
42 24
3
1
12
10
1
1
23
10
6
1
5 (4)
1
Chronic
1
45-
1
1 (B)
1
associated with:-
Epilepsy
Lactation
4 H
Melancholia:
Acute
Chronic
Agitated
associated with:
Lactation
Climacteric
Old age
Maniacal Depressive Insanity
Stupor Anergic
Delusional Iusanity:
Acute
Chronic
2
1
1.
1
1212--
20
20
7
11
4
3
5
1
4
19
19
8
1 (C)
1
4
6
3
1
2
1
2
2
1.
C+
1
1
1
1 (D)
1
} | |
1
13
7
4
AT
4
Insanity of Infective Toxic and other
general conditions :—
Acute Delirium
10
10
3
1 (E)
1
Insanity Associated with Acute in-
fective disease :-
Febrile
1
1
1 (F)
Confusional
4
4
2
---
General Paralysis
ວ້
5
3
2 G)
Tabes Dorsalis
1
1
Insanity Associated with Cerebral
Injury.
1
1
1
1
Insanity due to Alcohol:-
Acute
7
Chronic
Delirium Tremens
6
6
6
Dementia : -
1
18
19
15
Praecox
9
11
6
Primary
Secondary
14
8
Up to
3
3 H)
Senile
5
5
4
1 (I)
from Epilepsy
1
1
1
92
92
63
28
1
Observation
Totals:--1926
18
290
308
114
135
15
16
28
Totals:-1925
20
288
308
93
127
61
9
18
(1) (1) Cardiac Failure (A) (2) Cardiac Failure (A) (3) Cardiac Failure
(1) (4) Oedema of Lungs
(4) (5) Syphilis
(B) Syphilis
(C) Chronic Nephritis (D) Cardiac Failure
(E) Cerebral Malaria
(F) Typhoid (G) Syphilis (G) Syphilis
(H) Syphilis
(H) Chronic Opium Poisoning (H) Tubercular Meningitis (1) Senile Decay
M (1) 15
REPORT ON THE RADIOLOGICAL DEPARTMENT.
Staff:-Dr. E. To was in charge till June 24th when Dr. C. W. McKenny returned to the Colony.
Dr. C. W. McKenny was nominally in charge from that date but as his time was for the most part occupied by other duties the major part of the work was performed by Dr. To till October
15th.
Equipment:-This consists of two plants one of which can be used in the wards.
They have given satisfactory service but the new equipment which it is hoped will be installed early in 1927, will give more rapid and accurate results in radiography and will be suitable for treatment by X-ray radiation.
TYPE AND AMOUNT OF WORK PERFORMED.
All forms of radiographic examination have been made, including visualisations of the deeper organs by modern methods.
It is unfortunately impossible to give exact figures for the first five months of the year but from June 1st to the end of the year 614 patients were examined, giving an average of 87.7 per month and 878 radiograms were taken giving an average of 125.4 films per month. This figure does not include films used for dental examination. The average number of films used per patient was 1.4.
Fees received: A flat rate of $15 per examination was made in the case of non-hospital patients reasonably able to pay a fee. A sliding scale will be introduced in 1927.
The total sum received during the seven months under consideration was $562, (i.e., average $80 per mensem).
It may be of interest to mention that the average monthly number of patients for the first two months of 1927 was 104 and the fees received averaged $242.
VICTORIA HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN AND CHILDREN.
Dr. W. B. A. Moore was the Officer in charge during the year.
Admissions numbered 257, making a total of 267 patients treated as compared with 312 and 319 respectively in 1925, the reduction in the number of Military cases admitted being mainly responsible for the lower figures this year. Of the patients. treated, 136 were Government servants, 48 Naval or Military, and 83 others.
M (1) 16
Nationalities of Patients :-
European
Eurasian
Chinese
235
18
14
Deaths-Five deaths occurred as compared with four last One was due to Malaria, the patient being comatose on admission and dying in a few hours. The causes of death
year.
were:-
Malignant Malaria
Lympho Sarcoma
Pyelitis
Ulcerative Colitis
Prematurity
1
1
1
1
1
Operations-Ninety-six operations were performed com- pared with fifty-five last year.
Out-patients-Attendances numbered 351 (191 in 1925)
and were made up as follows:
1926
1925
Government servants
252
140
Military
12
15
Others
87
36
The
The Main Building which has been in course of reconstruc- tion for two years, was re-occupied on September 20th. Maternity Block which had been used as a General Hospital, was opened for the admission of Maternity cases on November 21st. Eight patients have been admitted and seven children were born, three males and four fernales. In Table I, seventeen cases of parturition are given, but this includes ten cases transferred from the Civil Hospital during their puerperium.
+
KENNEDY TOWN INFECTIOUS DISEASES HOSPITAL.
Disease.
Total Cases
treated.
Local. Imported. Deaths.
Observation of contacts.
European.
Native.
Confluent
4
Small-pox
Discrete
2
Cholera
Rabies
1
1
Other Conditions:-
Vaccinia
1.
Secondary Syphilis
1
ܝܶܬ
1
3
4
2
11
1
1
1
1
1
Ptomaine Poisoning
N
1
2
Total Cases treated in Hospital all conditions were 13. Contacts under observation 14. Deaths numbered 4.
M
17
M (1) 18
VICTORIA GAOL HOSPITAL.
Dr. J. R. Craig was Medical Officer to the prison throughout the year. The total admissions to Victoria Gaol during the year amounted to 6,511 of which 360 were females, 6,097 males and 54 juvenile offenders.
MALE SECTION.
Total admissions to male prison
6,097
The daily average number of male prisoners in gaol was The total number of prisoners found unfit for hard labour
1,009
on admission to the prison was
1,523
made up as follows:
Prisoners requiring Medical Isolation
340
Prisoners requiring hospital treatment on admis-
sion
101
Prisoners only fit for
labour
384
Prisoners only fit for
labour
698
TOTAL
1,523
N.B.Of this latter figure 520 were over 59 years of age.
Prisoners requiring hospital treatment during year The daily average sick in male hospital
585
19.3.
Prisoners requiring to be sent to the G. C. H. for
treatment other than available in the prison
22
Prisoners sent to the Lunatic Asylum
5
3
Prisoners sent to the Leper Colony at Canton
FEMALE SECTION.
The total admissions to female prison
The Daily average number of female prisoners in gaol
Prisoners found unfit for hard labour on admission to
prison
Prisoners requiring hospital treatment
Daily average in hospital
Prisoners requiring out-patient treatment
Prisoners admitted during pregnancy
Prisoners giving births to living children in prison
360
42
17
0.04
30
11
2
3
Prisoners requiring to be sent to G. C. H. for treatment
other than available at prison
HOSPITAL IN-PATIENTS. (Both Sections.)
Totalled 602.
Individual diseases with numbers are entered in attached Table I.
M (1) 19
HOSPITAL OUT-PATIENTS. (Both Sections).
Totalled 6159.
The main conditions treated were:—
Chronic Opium poisoning
.........
Venereal infection, i.e.
Acute Gonorrhoea
1,480
179
Bubo
Syphilis
15
41.
235
Scabies
138
Ringworm
55
Skin Diseases (Other than above)
27
Septic Wounds
66
Herniæ
46
Malaria
115
Beri-Beri
10
Diseases of the Respiratory System
35
? 1
Circulatory System.
20
""
Digestive System
56
11
Eye
11
Ear
6
17
DEATHS.
Total
10.
Death was due to the following causes:
Tuberculosis,
Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Miliary Tuberculosis
General Tuberculosis
Intra Cranial Hæmorrhage
Chronic Nephritis
Aortic Disease
5

7
Ι
1
10
TOTALS.
Canings....
2
Birchings
73
Floggings
7
M (1) 20
EXECUTIONS.
Total
5.
CORPORAL PUNISHMENTS.
FOUND MEDICALLY UNFIT.
Nil.
7
Nil.
REMISSIONS OF SENTENCES ON
MEDICAL GROUNDS.
Total
5.
Reasons:---
Pregnancy
1
Tuberculosis
1
Malignant Disease
1.
Chronic Nephritis
1
Gonorrhoeal Infection
1
PRISON STAFF.
252.
Total Staff
The health of both European and Indian Prison Staff at Victoria Gaol was very fair during the year. In all 80 cases came for treatment at the Prison Hospital, of which 41 required to be sent to G.C.H., as no accommodation is provided for Staff in the Prison Hospital.
:
Year.
Prisoners Admitted to
Victoria Prison.
Admissious to Victoria
Prison Hospital.
Daily out-patients.
Prisoners attending at Victoria Gaol Hospital daily for all treatments.)
Deaths due to Discase at
Victoria Prison Hospital.
Prisoners in Lai Chi
Kok Prison.
Year.
Staitstical Table showing Totals, Averages and Percentages in comparison with preceding five years.
Total Number of
Daily Average Number of
Rate % of
Prisoners in Victoria
Prison.
1921
4,900
236
1922
3,014
362
1923
5,051
327
:
:.
9,298
13
158
909
6.0
25.20
4.78
.009
0.28
14,911
30
8
130
657
7.6
19,324
10
187
674
7.1
:.
:
40.00
7.21
.011
0.15
52.90
6.47
.01
0.19
***
1924
7,382
402
16,381
7
228
88
10.1
:
44.14
5.44
.012
0.09
1925
6,339
580
18,603
28
303
813
14.0
50.90
9.13
.017
0.44
...
1926
6,654
585
6129
31,337
10
300
754
19.3
16.78
85.75
11.37
.025
0.0015
Sick in Victoria Gaol
Hospital.
Out-patients.
Prisoners Attending at Victoria Gaol Hospital] daily for all treatments.
Admissions to Hospital to Total Admissions to Victoria Gaol.
Daily Average in Victoria Gaol Hospital to Daily Average of Prisoners
in Victoria Goal.
Deaths due to Disease
Victoria Gaol Hospital to Total Admission to Victoria Gaol.
M (1) 21
J
M (1) 22
KOWLOON HOSPITAL.
Dr. J. T. Smalley was in charge during the year, Dr. I. Newton attended to give anaesthetics and during the last 3 months of the year he attended in the Out Patient Department in the mornings. 894 patients were admitted during the year of these 338 were of British nationality and 515 were Chinese, of this number 770 were males. A table showing the various diseases is attached. Ten patients were transferred to the Government Civil Hospital, 23 to the Kwong Wah Hospital and three to the Lunatic Asylum. 181 operations were per- formed under general anaesthesia in the operating theatre of these 3 were performed by Dr. Newton, one by Dr. Luk, one by Dr. McKenny and 176 by Dr. Smalley. Amongst these operations were 30 laparotomies of which 18 were for removal of the appendix and two were gastro-enterostomies. In addition many minor operations were performed in the out patient De- partment and in the Wards.
THE NEW TERRITORIES.
All the Police Stations were visited during the year, the most unhealthy ones such as Tsun Wan, Castle Peak, Ping Shan and Au Tau were visited frequently. There was a diminution of 328 in the number of cases of malaria as compared with 1925. A table showing the infection at the different stations is appended. Two reports were made on anti-malarial measures which should be carried out at Tai Po. The general health of the European Police Officers and their families has been on the whole quite good.
LAI CHI KOK GAOL.
280 prisoners remained at end of 1925.
288
37
29
1926.
Tables showing cases in Hospital and Out Patient are attached.
--
M (1) 23 -
RECORD OF OUT-PATIENTS, LAI CHI KOK GAOL, 1926.
General Diseases.
Diseases caused by Infection :-
Septicaemia
Syphilis
Gonorrhoea
Rheumatism
Diseases of the Blood:-
Anaemia
9
37
17
Diseases due to disorders of Nutrition or Metabolism:
3
CA
Beri-beri
Diseases of the Eye
Ear
17
20
10
1
1
21
"
>>
12
"
Alveolar Tissue
17
""
Skin
>>
"
21
' '
Teeth & Gums
Circulatory System
2
Respiratory System.
17
Digestive System Generative System
16
28
50
3
24
Poisons:
Chronic Opium Poisoning
248
Local Injuries
61
Parasites
132
Malingering
Observation
Total
710
RECORD OF CASES IN LAI CHI KOK HOSPITAL GAOLS
1926.
General Diseases.
Diseases caused by Infection :-
Gonorrhoea
Diphtheria
Dysentery
Malaria Fever
Septicaemia
Syphilis
Rheumatism
11
1
5
118
13
2
M (1) 24
Diseases due to disorders of Nutrition or Metabolism :—
Beri-beri
Diseases of the Blood:-
Anaemia
Diseases of the Nervous System:-
Abscess of brain Neuralgia
Epilepsy
Diseases of the Circulatory System
Respiratory System
""
""
Local Injuries
Poisons:
"1
""
Digestive System
Areolar Tissue
Chronic Opium Poisoning
Observation
13
1
1
1
1
4
3
22
18
23
Total
255
54
GOVERNMENT DISPENSARY, KOWLOON.
REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1926.
Dr. Newton was the Medical Officer in charge during the year. The attendances amounted to 22,050 as compared with 26,820 in 1925. The Dispensary in Nathan Road was closed at the end of September the patients being seen at the Railway in a room kindly provided by the Manager.
The total cases treated were made up as follows:
1926
1925
New Cases,
10,230
13,875
Old Cases,
3,235
4,081
Vaccinations,
671
474
Physical Examinations,
226
255
Daily Dressings,
7,688
8,135
22,050
26,820
M (1) 25 -
Nationalities and sexes were represented as follows:-
1926
1925
Europeans,
1,494
2,576
Chinese,
18,649
21,936
Indians,
1,105
1,269
Others,
802
1,039
22,050
26,820
Males, Females,
1926
1925
13,326
17,002
8,741
9,818
22,050
26,820
1,892 Government Servants attended for treatment as follows:-
1926
1925
Kowloon Canton Railway,
737
686
Police,
784
1,079
Others,
371
489
1,892
2,254
The number of prescriptions dispensed during the year was 12,034 as compared with 17,853 in 1925.
25 patients received, Anti-rabic vaccine treatment.
KOWLOON CANTON RAILWAY..
Dr. I. Newton was Medical Officer in Charge of the Railway during the year.
During the year 737 employees were treated at the Govern- ment Dispensary as compared with 686 last year.
M (1) 26-
The annual medical examination of Chinese employees on the permanent staff was held in September, 88 men were examined with the following results:-
Defective Sight
Cardiac conditions
4
Pulmonary conditions
4
1
Large Spleen
2
Spinal curvature
1
Fit
69
Total
88
The 4 cases of defective sight were re-examined later when they had provided themselves with glasses and sight was found to be normal.
There were no cases of colour blindness. Of the cardiac conditions one only required treatment and of the Pulmonary conditions 3; all of these showed marked improvement, the cardiac case only being on treatment at the end of the year. 200 applicants for posts were examined during the year. There were 7 accidents during the year of which 4 were fatal.
Dr. C. H. Luk was in charge of the Government Dispensaries in the New Territories.
The total number of new cases during the year was 2,466 as against 2,130 for the previous year, and the total number of old, patients was 1,765 as against 2,467 for the last year.
There were 597 cases of Malarial Fever as against 612 last During the year, 723 vaccinations were performed in Taipo Dispensary.
vear.
Un Long Dispensary.-Dresser Ting Ping Nam has been placed in charge of the Dispensary during the year.
The total number of cases treated in the Dispensary during the year was 3,055 as against 2,295 for the last year.
ber of vaccinations was 198.
The num-
- M (1) 27
V. THE CHINESE MIDWIVES.
Seven midwives were employed as 'in previous years, and six pupils were being trained in midwifery at the expense of Government.
Number of confinements attended by Government Midwives at the different stations in 1926:-
1926.
Shankiwan.
Yaumati.
January
27
17
February
30
10
March
26
18
Ápril
22
15
May
19
16
June
41
17
July...
23
15
August
20
16
September
29
17
October
27
25
November
32
16
December
33
18
OF OF A CIA N ∞ co — or CN
Tai Po
Yun Long.
Tsun Wan.
Cheung Chau.
Total.
- VON COQ H+ 10 10 CO CO
10 10 220 TH 00 00 KN
20
1
20
839
75
69
25
81
10
53
16
59
11
76
16
66
17
65
14
78
12
81
11
77
15
84
Total
329
200 42
61
45
187
864
The Matilda Hospital.
The number of patients remaining at the end of 1925 was
2)
admitted during 1926 was
of deaths was
The Ho Miu Ling Hospital.
The number of patients at the end of 1925 was
12
وو
15
183
3
14
admitted during 1926 was deaths was
388
31
The Nethersole Hospital.
The number of patients remaining at the end of 1925 was
admitted during 1926 was
*
14
>>
deaths was
The Alice Memorial Maternity Hospital.
The number of patients remaining at the end of 1925 was
admitted during 1926 was
"
""
deaths was
J. B. ADDISON,
Principal Civil Medical Officer.
20
638
65
1
346
2
A Statement showing the number of cases of Syphilis and Gonorrhoea reported from certain Hospitals and Institutions during the last ten years:—
Civil Gaol Kowloon Kowloon Tung Wahl Victoria Kowloon Hospital. Hospital. Dispensary Hospital. Hospital. Mortuary. Mortuary.
TOTAL.
1917.
Syphilis.
Gonorrhoea.
133
56
1918.
Syphilis.
89
6
ON C
190
117
251
353
38
252
108
357
Gonorrhoea.
66
202
48
696
449
816
1
316
1919.
Syphilis.
125
00
216
74
119
10
547
Gonorrhoea.
125
260
18
403
1920.
Syphilis.
148
10
205
161
317
9
850
Gonorrhoea.
184
2
249
29
464
1921.
Syphilis.
181.
53
22.1
249
152
14
718
Gonorrhoea.
140
121
160
42
463
M (1) 28-
1922.
. Syphilis.
182.
7
264
351
54
29
887
Gonorrhoea.
140
215
61
425
1923.
Syphilis.
183
353
587
65
70
1,264
Gonorrhoea..
133
96
72
303
1924.
Syphilis.
171
517
427
99
113
1,328
Gonorrhoea.
125
138
58
326
1925.
Syphilis.
146
586
207
113
43
1,100
Gonorrhoea.
96
13
186
42
337
1926.
Syphilis.
83
4
324
17
378
49
13
868
Gonorrhoea
105
15
150
4
98
372

M (1) 29
REPORT OF A. M. O. SCHOOLS-1926.
The work during 1926 has been moderately satisfactory. Over 1,000 entrants have been thoroughly examined, together with about 150 special cases. 405 of these entrants, found defective, have been re-inspected. The finding of defects is a useful initial part of School Medical Inspection, but the point on which sucessful work depends is, in what proportion the defects found are improved or cured. Provision for sight defects has been very satisfactory, and in schools where trouble is taken to see that glasses are worn, and to explain to the boys that new glasses, like new boots, require a little patience, the improvement has been close on 100 per cent,- -a most pleasing result for the oculist—as well as for the M. O. Schools.
Treatment for other defects, however, has been almost negligible. Chronic trachoma, unhealthy or enlarged tonsils, adenoids, ear trouble, and various minor ailments, have been noted, and the Headmasters of schools have sent the boys for treatment according to the scheme arranged in conjunction with the G. C. H. and the Chinese Public Dispensaries, but if repeated attendances are necessary, the boy will seldom keep them up, his main idea being that one visit and one bottle of medicine should work an instantaneous cure. This has been particularly noticeable in treatment for trachoma or ear dis- charge, which is necessarily prolonged, and where it is quite impossible that the old cases should see the senior doctor in charge at each attendance, unless a special day were to be set apart for school cases only. This at present is quite impossible for the staffs of the hospitals.
It is at present useless even to suggest operation, for even the worst cases of unhealthy tonsils or adenoids. I think only two cases have been operated on, among Chinese children, during the year. When I have the School Nurse to interpret for me, I hope to be able to persuade the children into better health habits.
Two outstanding difficulties are, that most children are seen at an age when defects have become so firmly established (chronic trachoma, shortsight, ear disease, spinal curvature and poor chest development) that no preventive measures are of much use; also the child's opinion as to necessity for treatment is allowed to be paramount. Lowering of the age for admission to schools would help in this difficulty.
Another is that many boys attend school for a short time only and by the time re-inspection is made, (usually within six months after inspection) they have left school or transferred to another, in some cases under a new name. It is a distinct financial loss to the Government when a child is provided with
the specialist's eye examination and spectacles, and leaves. school the following week or month.
M (1) 30
"
It has been found impossible to do as I had hoped, to make some standard for “NORMAL in regard to height and weight for age among the Chinese, as it is apparently impossible to get the correct age of Chinese children. No child will admit to being over 14 on entrance to school, although I found one lad fully equipped with wisdom teeth at that reputed age.
Simple hygiene is now being taught, but the older teachers have little time, and the younger, not sufficient training in the subject, to make it useful in a practical way, and the special branch of school hygiene is understood by only a very small proportion of the younger teachers. If in any way the training of teachers could be made to include more of this subject, in a practical, not theoretical, way, I feel sure that the results would be beneficial to the children.
So far as my year's experience goes, I can see no reason to suppose that the progress and results of school medical inspection and treatment here will be much different from that in Western countries. The incidence of defect, between 30 and 40 per cent of all children examined, is high, the incidence of sight defect among the Chinese particularly so. I have as yet no evidence to show this to be a Chinese racial characteristic— possibly the tendency towards short-sight may be hereditary, although this supposition is not supported by the history of parents or family sight in those cases where I have made en- quiries as to history.. I am sure that more attention paid in schools to desks and positions, to lighting. to size and clarity of print and writing, to needle-work, and to alternation of close. and long-seeing lessons, would have a very great effect in lessening this at present outstanding defect.

E. M. MINETT,
Medical Officer for Schools.
Table showing season incidence of Malaria at Police Stations in Kowloon and New Territories.
Establishment
1926
M (1) 31
Name
of
Stations
Europeans
Indians
Chinese
Total
Water Police
Yaumati
Sham Shui Po
Hunghom
Kowloon City..
Tsun Wan
Tai Po.
Tai O
Sheung Shui & Ta Ku Ling.
Sha Tin
Sha Tau Kok ..
Lok Ma Chau
#1
36 247
324
19
26
72
117
10
~ CO
パー
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
Total
2
1
20
24
53
22
37
13
38
12
13
15
9
13
2010
222
2
28
30
16
6
12
16
15
21
3
16
B
12
2
11
14
Au Tau
1.5
An Tau (Sub).
16
16
4
Ping Shan
}
Castle Peak.
12
Cheung Chan ...
12
16
-3x
6 22:
2
12
Sai Kung.
2
10
2
Mong Kok Tsui,
3
10
35
38
4
27 12

5
**
1
2
16
⠀⠀⠀ANDO E
:—:
21
2
34
1
2
14
6
16
9
120
13
15
19
32
20
25
219
}
20
i
13
6
12
9
3

38
77
22
13
6
نت
3
10
115
50
2
10
*2
7.
122
ů

30
•1
-
19
Total
96
89
37
37
52
62
87
79
69
128
66
877
M (1) 32
BACTERIOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.
REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1926.
By E. P. MINETT, M.D., D.P.H., D.T.M. & H., L.R.C.P.,
M.R.C.S., GOVERNMENT BACTERIOLOGIST.
1.-PREPARATION OF CALF LYMPH.
The preparation of Calf Lymph has been carried out during the cooler months of the year as usual.
Buffalo calves are now obtainable regularly but at increased prices.
The number of calves vaccinated was 71.
The average yield per calf being 100 cc. of the finished product glycerinated calf lymph.
The number of tubes of lymph issued, was 22,817, an increase of 8,413 over last year.
The quantity of lymph in stock on 31st December, was 6,959 cc. calculated to be sufficient to vaccinate 208,773 persons.
The value of lymph issued free as per Government Noti- fication, was $4,753.50.
2.-ANTI-MENINGOCOCCUS SERUM.
During the year 905 cc. were issued, a considerable falling off from last year.
The quantity of Serum in stock and ready for issue, was 106,465 cc.
The value of the free issue was $96.00.
Careful tests for sterility were carried out before bottling for issue. The agglutinating power of the serum was satisfac- tory.
3.--CONTAGIOUS ABORTION VACCINE.
Very little of the vaccine was issued, the Veterinary Surgeon of the Dairy Farm having made no application.
A few agglutination tests were carried out and results reported to the Veterinary Surgeon.
4.-MILK ANALYSIS.
The number of samples examined, was 82, an increase of 51 over last year.
M (1) 33
5.-ANTI RABIC TREATMENT.
The Pasteur strain obtained from Saigon was kept going during the year, and the local strain isolated is now nearly fixed and ready for use.
160 patients were treated during the year, and 3,840 separate graduated doses were issued, an increase of 528 over last year.
All anti-rabic treatment is now a free issue, as regards the vaccine, by Government order.
The value of the free issue was $5,472.00.
Examination of brains from suspected dogs was carried out regularly during the year for the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon.
84 dogs' brains were examined for the presence of Negri bodies, of which 12 were positive and 72 were negative.
6.-CLINICAL. EXAMINATION.
The number of specimens examined and reported upon from various Government Institutions and Private Practitioners, was 7,963, an increase, over last year, of 572 specimens.
74 miscellaneous specimens were examined.
7.-RIDEAL WALKER TEST.
Six specimens of disinfectants were examined by the Rideal Walker Test, at the request of the Sanitary Department.
8.-ANTI-PLAGUE WORK.
Post-mortem examinations of 93,238 rats were carried out at the Victoria Mortuary by the Medical Officer in Charge.
Microscopic examinations for the presence of B. Pestis were carried out at the Bacteriological Institute on 3,672 specimens.
A few rats recovered from lighters after fumigation, were specially examined at the request of the United States Consulate.
No cases of plague infected rats were detected during the year.
9.-BACTERIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF WATER SUPPLIES. During the year the Bacteriologist was relieved from post- mortem work at the Victoria Mortuary in order that the public water supplies might be examined more frequently and systematically.
The total number of samples examined was 1,084, an increase of 494 samples over last year, of these samples 835 were from public taps or street fountains,
M (1) 34
Special samples examined for the information of the Water Authority, were as follow-Raw water 120 samples, Filtered water 118 samples, Special samples 11 specimens.
Tap water samples are now examined daily and filter beds weekly, under the new arrangement.
Two samples of water were examined from places out side the Colony.
198 Filter Candles were specially sterilized for various domestic water supplies.
10. STOCK VACCINES.
The issues of stock vaccines were as follows:
T. A. B. Vaccine
Value of free issue
Cholera Vaccine'
Value of free issue
Anti-meningococcus Vaccine
Plague Vaccine
1,315 doses.
$7.50
10,075 cc.
$652.00
10 doses (no free issue)
4
Do.
11.-AUTOGENOUS VACCINE.
Special Autogenous Vaccines were prepared for 35 cases of these 9 were for Private Practitioners and 25 for Government
or Charitable Institutions.
The value of the free issue was $390.00.
12.-VICTORIA MORTUARY,
The work at this mortuary was taken over by the Medical Officer-in-Charge of the Victoria Gaol and Police on March 26th. During the year 2,958 post-mortem examinations were made as against 3,568 in 1925. Details are appended in Appendix 0.
13.
MEDICO LEGAL WORK.
During the your the Government Bacteriologist was called upon to assist at one exhumation for medico-legal purposes in consultation with the Medical Officer-in-Charge Victoria Mor- tuary. The number of articles examined at the Institute for Police evidence was 40 an increase of 6 over 1925.
The necessary expert medico-legal evidence in the Supreme. Coroner's, and Magistrate's Courts, was given by the Govern- ment Bacteriologist personally.
14.-MALIGNANT DISEASE.
The number of sections of tissues examined and reported
upon was 15.
Nature of Examination.
Jan.
1926. 1925.
Total Total Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. | Oct. Nov. Dec. for for
M (1) 35
Materials for medico legal
purposes,
Weil Felix Reaction for Typhus fever,
Bacteriological Analyses of
Wa
Vater,
Bacteriological Examination of Milk,
Autogeneous vaccines prepared,. Rideal Walker's Estimation of disinfectants
No. of Freshly prepared Auti- rabic Vaccine tested for sterility, both Anerobic and Aerobic cultures,
No. of Filter Caudles sterilized
for domestic filters, Miscellaneous,.
Total,
Examination of Facces Cultivation
for
for
Blood for Widal.
With B. Typhosus,
14
15
B. Paratyphosus A...........
14
11
15
B.
14
11
15
""
""
Wassermann reaction,
30 35
43
38
Malaria Parasites,
Filaria,
Blood counts, etc., Bacillus Diphtheria,
Meningococcus,
Typhosus, Paratyphosus,
Cholera, etc.,
Helminth ova,..
Amæbæ of Dysentery,
Tissues for Section,
Sputa,
Pus,...
26 17
16
2
:
91
24
25
D
2
2
10 10 10 20 23E*
29
22
13
4
5
Urine,
4
Kat Smears for B. Pestis,
310
Animals for Rabies,
277 327 300 313 15 6 15
300
6
17
21
17
17
38
37
22
27
t
བསམཚེམསྤྲུཧྨ ཡ
62
62
38
ཀྱལྤསམ
62 44
41
32
34
11
311 365
14
41
32
34
11
311 365
41
32
34
311
365
12 45
32
34
40
54
469
415
43
63
16
38
23
22
386
892
2
1
4
3
1
17
23
281
19
64
24
26
13
375
613
1
10
27
60
ཀླ 1221ཀློ
10
31
27
20
16
17
29000
15
18
6
ㄠㄩㄢ
112
16
184
124
96
134
2
N
: སྨཱ ཡོ
00
15
38
29
16
26
19
13
254
328
3
2
I
4
47
41
15
6
11
2 JOI
31
312
310
6
16
300
310
303
310 3,672
3,330
5
4
4
5
84
40
1
40
34
:
1
:
50. 32 47 60
120 117
1200
: 5
:
...
97 97 117 103 112
112 | 1,084 590
NA
WA
.
10 10
30 co
6
10
82
31
6
35
18
:
:
co
:
:
:
:
:
6
8
6
8
CC
7
7
10 10 13
621
13
6
17
12
9
74
15
19
17
16
223
11
11
108
19 20 16
14
198
4
3
9
11
3
3
4
74 26†
671
538 612
614 | 690
675
881 887
767
726 698
639 8,401 8,123
Postmortem Examination of Rats.
Month.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Plague
infected.
Pregnant
Newly born
and not
classified.
January
6,244
3,097
2,914
383
233
February
5,078
2,454
2.441
285
183
March
*7,805
3,794
3,664
416
347
April
8,193
3,848
3,957
474
388
May
8,509
4,058
4,068
476
383
June
8,314
3,962
4,033
480
319
July
8,098
3,855
3,958
478
285
August
8,204
3,973
3,915
405 ·
316
September
7,855
3,738
3,823
453
294
October
8,356
3,858
4,100
498
398
November
8,412
3,924
4,074
479
414
December
8,170
3,890
3,883
475
397
Total
93,238
44,451
44,830
5,302
3,957
1

M (1) 36
M (1) 37
ANALYST'S DEPARTMENT.
REPORT BY MR. E. R. DOVEY. A.R.C.Sc; F.I,C: F,C,S. GOVERNMENT ANALYST,
The number of analyses performed during the year was 2,213 as against 1,952 in 1925.
The following classification shows the nature of the work done:
CHEMICO-LEGAL.
1926.
1925.
Toxicological Examinations (includ-
ing 40 stomachs)
86
58
Bombs and Explosives,
8
Liquids,
6
2
Powders,
16
6
Medicines,
Glass tubes,
Vomit,
Residues,
Food,
Paper packages,
NNNN
0
0
0
0
Ghee,
0
Crystals,
1
0
Tablets,
1
{)
Tumbler,
1
0
Herbs,
6
0
Other substances,
3
1
DANGEROUS GOODS ORDINANCE.
1926.
1925.
Petroleum Ether,
Fuel Oil,
сос
8
10
Crackers,
23
0
Liquids for Flash point,
2
5
Gasoline,
0
6
Ships for inflammable vapour,
46
34
Dusel Oil,
2
Kerosene,
3
Coal Gas,
1
0
Oxygen gas.
ι
0
Ether,
1
M (1) 38
FOOD & DRUGS ORDINANCE.
1926.
1925.
Beer,
Bread,
Camphorated oil,
Chinese Medicines,
Aromatic Powder of Chalk,
Arrowroot,
Awabi,
Bamboo shoots,
Bean curd,
Beef (Tinned)
Brandy,
Butter, (Fresh)
Butter, (Tinned)
Calomel ointment,
Cheese,
0
1
1
1
1
6
2
2
1
2
43
44
7
11
0
2
2
0
4
Cocoa,
1
Coffee,
22
17
Crab,
2
Crab Meat,
1
Cream,
1
Chinese wine,
3
0
Fish,
0
2
Flour,
31
23
Friar's Balsam,
0
2
Ham,
0
1
Honey,
2
Jam,
3
Lard,
6
Liquorice Powder,
1
Male Fern Extract,
1
Mercurial Ointment,
1
Milk, fresh,
136
175
Milk, tinned,
9
17
Milk, condensed,
0
Mustard,
11
Olive oil,
app
3
Peas preserved,
3
Pepper,
14
Quinine. Tincture,
1
Rice,
10
Rice birds,
1
Shell fish,
1
Spirit of Sal Volatile,
1
Spirit of Nitrous Ether,
0
1
Sulphur ointment,
0
1
Sugar,
27
Tea.
12
Tinned fish,
Treacle,
Turpentine liniment,
52000
11
5
1
1
1
M (1) 39
FOOD & DRUGS ORDINANCE,-Continued.
Tincture Camphor Co.,
Tincture of Iodine,
Tapioca,
Vinegar,
Whisky,
1926.
1925.
4
0
4
0
1
24
13
1
2
WATERS.
Public Supplies,
903
$595
Distilled water,
4
3
Sea Water,
Wells and Springs,
River water,
7
7
191
373
11
Water from steamers,
9
13
Miscellaneous samples,
1
1.
BUILDING MATERIALS.
TOO
1
9
0
1
1.
Cement,
Soil,
Red lead paint,
OILS.
Anise oil,
Cassia oil,
Castor oil,
Lard oil,
Linseed oil,
Soya Bean oil,
Wood oil,
11
26
47
38
0
1
20
32
0
1
0
I
41
44
PHARMACY Ordinance.
Balsam of Copaiba,
Chinese drugs,
Chloroform,
Datura alba,
1
3
93
0
1
0
1
Embrocation,
0
1
Novocaine,
1
0
Tablets,
0
2
Gelatin,
0
1
Opium solutions,
0
3
Patent medicines,
1
1
Ampoules.
1
0
Mixtures,
1
Quinine solution,
0
Pills.
2
Powders.
1
0001
3
M (1) 40
CHEMICALS.
Ammonium sulphate, Bleaching powder,
1926.
1925.
0
1
1
1
Carbon bisulphide,
0
1
Bismuth subnitrate,
1
Hydrochloric acid,
1
Magnesium carbonate,
0
1
Sodium hydroxide,
2
Potassium bicarbonate,
1
Sodium phosphate,
0
1
Sodium sulphide,
1.
Sulphuric acid,
30
64
Chloroform,
1
0
Chemical salts,
2
Potassium carbonate,
1
Barium sulphate,
1
0
Magnesium chloride,
MINERALOGICAL.
Metals,
Ores,
Minerals,
Rocks,
Coals,
Coal Briquettes,
Clinker,
126
220
87
90
4
12
12
0
10
11
3
1
0
MISCELLANEOUS.
Coal Tar Disinfectants,
17
Urine,
3
о
Faeces,
0
4
Gall stone,
1
Dog's stomach,
0
Chicken's stomach,
1
0
Soy,
8
1
Deposit,
1
Peanuts,
0
Transformer oil,
1
Paper,
3
Metal sheets,
1
Coal Tar,
1
Asphalt,
3
Sand,
Zinc ball,
Boiler scale,
Coin,
0
Bird lime,
1
2
Septic tank effluents,
2
CHHH NO
0
1
1
1
M (1) 41-
MISCELLANEOUS,-Continued.
1926.
1925.
Black liquid,
0
1
Ginseng Root,
0
1
Lotol,
1
0
Insecticide,
I
0
Liquid face powder,
0
Tobacco,
1
0
Wood,
2
0
Filtering Materials,
3
Clay,
1
Meat,
0
1
Rusted nails,
1
0
Algae,
0
Book paint,
1
0
Gunny bags,
Thermometer,
1
0
Battery,
Felt.
Meat juice,
Lime,
Mineral water,
Mercury,
1
1
2
1
3
1
ཕྱི་
Total.
.2,218 1,952
TOXICOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS,
Among the investigations carried out during the year were those into 86 cases of suspected human poisoning. The following Table shows the results :-
Poison found.
No. of cases,
No poison found,
21 Cases.
Opium found,
43
1
Potassium cyanide found,
Potassium bichromate,
Gelsemidine found,
Animal toxins found. (Ptomains)
Formalin found,
Arsenic found,
Carbolic acid found,
Camphor found,
Strychnine found,
3
3
""
1
"
3
"
1
3
4
1
1
"1
Carbon monoxide found, Tartaric acid found,
1
1
86 Cases.
M (1) 42-
In the case of one of the potassium cyanide investigations, in addition to hydrocyanic acid being detected in the stomach & contents, in the liver, the lung, the urine and the brain, cyanohaemoglobin was detected spectroscopically in the blood, a fact of rare occurrence in such cases.
Lysol has figured among the poisons detected during the past two years. Should its use for self-destruction tend to increase, the question of imposing restrictions on the sale of such carbolic acid preparations may have to be considered.
FOOD AND DRUGS.
During the year 356 samples of food and drugs taken by the Inspectors of the Sanitary Department, were examined and of this number, 16 were found to be adulterated. The following Table shows the nature of the substances examined:
Substance.
Number of samples analysed.
Number found genuine.
Number found ad-
ulterated.
Tea
12
12
Fresh milk
136
131
Tinned milk
9
9
Bread
43
43
O 100
0
5
Butter
13
13
Pepper
9
9
Honey
1
1
Jam
2
2
Sugar
27
27
0
Liniment of turpentine
6
6
Coffee
21
20
Lard
5
5
Vinegar
22
20
Flour
19
19
Olive oil.
Tinct. Camphor Co.
4
Tincture of Iodine
Cheese
Mustard
Tapioca
1
1
OHONOOONOOO
0
1
0
2
2
0
6
0
Total ...
356
340
16
In many of the cases of adulteration, proceedings were taken against the vendors.
M (1) 43
MINERALOGICAL ANALSES.
The 213 samples of metals and ores examined during the year comprised the following:-
Metals.
Ores.
Substance.
1926. 1925.
Substance.
1926. 1925.
Allows
+
Antimony
11
1
Antimony
Bauxite ...
1
Nickel
Bismuthite
36
22
Copper
Iron
1
Silver
Manganese
23
Tin...
11.
208
Tin Ore
1
9
Lead
Wolfram
34
42
:
Galena
Total,...... 126
220
87 .90
WATER SUPPLIES.
Samples of drinking water from the public supplies to the number of 903 have been examined in the Laboratory during 1926. Of this number, 220 were specimens of filtered and unfiltered water taken at the various filter beds each month, and the remainder were tap samples taken of the water as it reaches the consumer. These were taken by the laboratory staff from taps in various parts of the City.

The colour of the water has on the whole been satisfactory, most of the City supplies averaging well below 10 Lovibond colour units in the 24 inch tube. The worst filtered water examined was that supplied by the Aberdeen .filter beds in April which gave a reading of 79.4 colour units. No nitrites nor heavy metals were found in any of filtered or unfiltered waters examined, nor has the albumenoid ammonia in any case exceeded 0.0100 parts per 100,000; in nearly all specimens it was below 0.004 and usually below 0.002.
SPECIAL REPORTS,
Special Reports have been prepared during the year on "Proof Spirit in Cassia Oil", "Kerosene in Cassia Oil and its Detection", "Synthetic Cinnamic Aldehyde in Cassia oil", "The Composition of Chinese Insect Wax", "Insect Sprays" and "Oxygen for Medical Purposes.
M (1) 44
www.ccm
THE NEW LABORATORY.
About the beginning of December, the move to the new Laboratory in the New Fire Station Building was begun and extended over a period of three weeks. Work was carried on in the old building during the first portion of this period and was gradually transferred to the new building as the equipment was installed. No interruption of work took place.
The new Laboratory is up-to-date, gives increased space which was badly needed and gives far better facilities for work. The following figures are given for the purpose of comparison :-
New Laboratory.
2,230 sq. ft.
Laboratory floor space
Bench space
Fume chamber space
Old Laboratory.
1,427 sq ft.
281
463
"}
J;
>>
>>
36
243
?
>>
"

In addition to the above increased accommodation the new Laboratory has an office for the Analyst, a clerk's office, an assaying room for ores, fitted with electrically driven machinery for the crushing, pulverisation and sampling of ores, electric and gas furnaces. There are also two store rooms, one for chemicals and the other for apparatus, a sample room where portions of all samples examined are kept securely for twelve months, a spectroscope room and a photographic dark room.
The floors of the laboratory rooms and the fume chambers are finished in fire-proof Decollite. The bench tops have a chemically-resistant aniline black finish and the electric lights. above the working benches are fitted with "daylight" lumps giving a light of daylight" quality essential for work involving colour comparisons in dull weather or after dark.
The organic, inorganic and chemico-legal laboratories are fitted with electric ovens and furnaces and the two latter are equipped with electric distilled water apparatus.
RESEARCH.
The work on the pollution of the harbour has been continued during the year, some 191 samples of harbour water taken in various places at low tide. have been examined. In connection with this work, cast iron and mild steel plates have been placed in position in various parts by the Public Works Department. These will be inspected at intervals to obtain data regarding variation in the corrosive action of the water.
Some work was also carried out during the year on the pollution of the Repulse Bay water.
A method for the rapid determination of opium in stomach contents has been worked out and is the subject of a paper read before the Society of Public Analysts.
M (1) 45
Experiments have been made with a inodification of the Gutzeit apparatus for arsenic with the object of finding a method for the rapid estimation of arsenic in ores up to 1.0%. and this was successfully accomplished.
Work is being continued on methods for the detection and estimation of traces of carbon bisulphide in foodstuffs, in connec- tion with the work of treating Naval stores with this substance for the elimination of weevils and other organisma.
SAMPLING.
The following sampling of metals, ores and oils etc was carried out by the Laboratory staff during the year:-
Tin Antimony
53,810 slabs Lard
6,789 containers
30 tons
Anise oil
717
2)
Cupro-nickel
3,497 bags
Wolfram
1,120 bags
Cassia oil Carbonate
1,496
Kerosene
40,000 cases
Bismuthite
27 bags
of potash... Condensed
10
•Coal
100 tous
milk
375
1 case
Wood oil 21,708 containers | Tobacco
REVENUE.
The fees paid into the Treasury during the year amounted to $16,422.50 as against $ 28,000.00 in 1925. This decline in revenue is entirely due to the adverse trade conditions existing during the past twelve months.
The value of the work done, as determined from the Tariff of Fees (Government Notification No. 439 of 1918) was $ 42,202.50 as against $ 50,085.00 in 1925.
STAFF.
No change has taken place in the staff during the year.
E. R. DOVEY,
Government Analyst.
M (1) 46
THE OFFICE OF THE HEALTH OFFICER OF THE PORT.
REPORT BY DR. B. H. MELLON,
Health Officer of the Port.
I. THE INSPECTION OF SHIPS ARRIVING IN PORT.
During the year 1926, the number of inward bound ocean going vessels was 3,930 and these were all visited by the Health Officers.
Such particulars of the voyage as ports of call, dates of departure, numbers of passengers and crews and the incidence of cases of illness or death, etc., were noted on the prescribed forms and attested by the master of the vessel as required under Table W. Section 22 (2) of the Merchant Shipping Ordinance of 1899. Of the steamers arriving 1,686 were on the British register and 2,244 on the foreign register. River steamers from Canton, Macao and West River ports, junks and small craft are not visited except in cases of sickness or death.
Ships which arrive with a corpse on board must obtain a permit in order to land it and before this is granted enquiries are made to determine the cause of death. If death occurs within ten hours of a ship's arrival in port or whilst the ship is in harbour, the body is inspected and the case investigated. If the cause of death is doubtful the body is sent to a mortuary for further examination.
During the year, 189 special visits were made to ships for this purpose, 134 permits were granted and 34 bodies sent to the mortuary. Nine cases of leprosy were detected amongst Chinese passengers. Forty four Chinese lunatics arrived in the Colony during the year. Bills of Health numbering 1,602 were issued.
II. EMIGRATION.
The total number of emigrants examined was 227,425 which shows an increase of 84,827 over 1925, 96,443 over 1924 and 167,456 over 1919. Doubtless, the disturbances in South China are responsible for the increased numbers leaving the country.
The great majority of the emigrants proceeded to the Straits Settlements. Table I shows the number and destinations of the emigrants. The months of March, April and May proved to be the most popular for emigration: During February the smallest number departed owing to the occurrence of the Chinese New Year Festivities in that month. Table II gives the number of emigrants that sailed each month. The Asiatic Emigration Ordinance, Sections 25-28, requires that all Asiatic steerage
=
M (1) 47
passengers embarking on vessels bound for certain ports and the crews of these vessels must be examined by the Health Officer and those found medically unfit are not allowed to proceed.
The number of rejections during the year was 826 and the cause of rejection is outlined in Table III. All vessels carrying emigrants must be provided with a hospital, certain surgical instruments and a supply of drugs. These are liable to inspec- tion by the Health Officer prior to the ship's departure. British ships entering the port may also be required to produce their medicine chests for inspection.
Asiatic emigrants are classified as under:-
(a) Free emigrants who pay their own fares. 168,541 free
emigrants left during the year.
(b) Assisted emigrants to the number of 13,828 sailed mainly to work in the rubber plantations and tin mines of the Straits Settlements, the sugar plantations of Java and Hawaii, the timber forests and oil fields of Borneo or in the nitrate deposits of certain islands in the South Seas. These men have their fares paid by their employers.
(c) Women and children. These consist largely of the wives
and families of the emigrants.
II. QUARANTINE DUTY.
All vessels arriving from "infected" ports and those having infectious or suspicious cases on board fly the "Q" flag and go to the quarantine anchorage for examination. The number of vessels arriving in quarantine was 1,006 with 132,830 passengers and crews of 115,961 compared with 427 vessels 49,392 passengers and crews of 46,906 last year. They underwent medical
examination and vaccination in addition if bound from a small- pox infected port. The monthly return of quarantine ships are given in Table V.
Of these 1,006 steamers, 13 were detained in quarantine. For details, see Table IV. The cause of detention was small-pox in eight cases and cholera in five. Fumigation and disinfection of these vessels and of the clothing and personal effects of all on board were carried out.
Medical supervision of the passengers and crew during the period of quarantine and vaccination when necessary were attended to before pratique was granted. One hundred and thirty- one cases of infectious disease were investigated and found to be due to non-quarantinable diseases. These were dealt with in the usual manner. This involved the examination of a large · number of sick persons and many special visits to ships in the Harbour.
:
M (1) 48
Thirty seven vessels were fumigated for various reasons during the year. Each fumigation was supervised by a Health
Officer.
The total number of persons medically inspected during 1926 amounted to 535,267 which is equivalent to 1,466 examinations for each day of the year compared with a daily rate of 795 for 1925.
Table VI shows the Quarantine Notifications issued by the Hong Kong Government for 1926. Owing to the widespread incidence of cholera in Far Eastern Ports these were numerous than usual.
IV.-VACCINATION DEPARTMENT.
more
The Vaccination Ordinance of 1923 requires that all emigrants from the Colony shall be protected against small-pox. Emigrants can be vaccinated at the Government Centre cheaply and efficiently and 25,728 presented themselves for this purpose during 1926 as compared with 7,724 in 1925 and 1,877 in 1924. In addition 4,124 non-emigrants were vaccinated at the Centre.
At the examination of emigrants on board ships those who. in the opinion of the Health Officer, were not sufficiently protected had to undergo revaccination.
The new launch H. O. II is of great assistance in the work of the Port Health Service. It has a hospital containing four beds so that sick persons can now be moved in comfort across the harbour or from ships to the shore.
Dr. J. P. Fehily undertook the duties of Health Officer of the Port in my absence on leave during 1926. Drs. Newton, Tsoi, Shin and Chea assisted for varying periods.
B. H. MELLON,
Health Officer of the Port.
M (1) 49
Table I.
Showing emigration passes and rejections for 1926.
Port of Destination.
Passengers Crews.
Rejected.
Straits Settlements
158,427
15,363
639
Canada
7,707 11,751
17
United States of America
10,448
16,181
28
Honolulu
14,888
12
Dutch East Indies
17,135
4,365
56
British North Borneo
. 3,807
2,234
9
Belawan Deli and Muntok
7,571
2,514
31
Australia
1,987
3,226
29
South Sea Islands
866
153
1
Shanghai and Japan
1,615
South America
762
1,153 |
Panama
Mexico,
438
11
South Africa
Rangoon
Manila
Total
1,253
366
223
1,745
287
227,425
59,051
826
Table II.
Showing monthly returns of emigrants, crews and rejections.
Months.
Ships Emigrants. Crews. Rejections.
Examined.
January,
February,
March.
April,
29
15,103
5,209
35
13
4,143
2,291
25
29
23,008
5,344
92
36
26,915
6,295
161
May,
June,
32
27,432
5,429
120
30
24,752
5,171
70
July,
30
15,681
5,035
65
August,
32
9,508
4,846
21
September,
20
18,364
4,984
54
October,
30
20,247
5.339
79
November,
29
16,648
4.229
27
December,
36
25,624
4,879
77
Total
355
227.425
59,051 !
826
M (1) 50
Table III.
Showing causes of rejections of emigrants.
Skin Diseases:
Scabies,
Diseases.
Ringworm,
Favus, Impetigo,
Eye Diseases:
Trachoma, Ophthalmia,
Fever,
Small-pox,
Chicken-pox,
Measles,
Jaundice,
Chronic Nephritis,
Debility,
Syphilis,
Enlarged Spleen,
Leprosy,
Beri Beri,
Phthisis,
Abscess,
Empyema,
Hydrocele,
Pneumonia,
Cardiac Disease,
Numbers rejected.
196
18
3
1
50
6
501
4
4
14
4
3
4
3
2
1
1
4
1
1
1 ·
1
826
Table IV.
Showing the number of ship detained in Quarantine with ports of origin, dates and period oi detention.
Name of Vessel.
Port.
Causes.
Date of arrival
Cases.
in quarantine.
Date of Detention from quarantine.
Tjisalak
Angkor
Szechuen
Van Overstraten
Tjipanas
Van Cloon
Nam Sang Tjisondari
Japanese Prince Ho Sang
Ying Chow
Yiu Chow
Hanoi
M (1) 51
. Amoy
Shanghai
Shanghai
Small-pox
30th Jan. 1926
1
2nd March, 1926
1
17th March, 1926
"
Amoy
1
30th March, 1926
31st Jan., 1926 3rd March, 1926 18th March, 1926 31st March, 1926
Amoy
1
12th April, 1926
13th April, 1926
}}
Amoy
1
14th April, 1926
15th April, 1926
Amoy
1
20th April, 1926
17th April, 1926

Amoy
1
16th April, 1926
Shanghai
Cholera
1
28th July, 1926
Amoy
1
Shanghai
Wei Hai Wei
}}
Cholera Suspicious
Haiphong
5th August, 1926 15th August, 1926 23rd August, 1926 28th Dec., 1926
21st April, 1926 31st July, 1926 8th August, 1926 19th August, 1926 After Disinfection. 30th Dec., 1926
M (1) 52
Table V.
Showing number of passengers, crews and ships arriving in Quarantine each month.
No. of Pas-
Months.
No. of Crews No. of Ships.
sengers.
January,
8,720
10,872
78
February,
3,366
9,685
65
March,
17,912
13,502
118
April,
19,900
15,470
104
May,
22,490
11,940
115
June,
11,150
6,807
75
July,
9,548
7,536
94
August,
6,931
11.380
103
September,
11.979
11.003
96
October,
14.672
13,732
114
November,
5,514
3,730
38
December,
648
279
6
Total,
132,830
115,961
1,006
Table VI.
Showing quarantine notifications issued by the
Hong Kong Government for 1926.
Date & No. of Date & No. of
Port Locality.
or
Disease.
Notification.
Bankok.
Cholera.
No. 655 of
Cancellation.
No. 559 of
Shanghai.
Small-pox.
No. 718 of
Amoy.
Small-pox.
Saigon.
Cholera.
Pakhoi.
Plague.
Hoihow
Cholera.
Haiphong.
Cholera.
Yokohama.
Plague.
Shanghai.
Cholera.
Tsingtao.
Cholera.
No. 471 of
Amoy.
Cholera.
No. 505 of
20th Nov., 1925 14th Oct., 1926
17th Dec., 1925 20th May, 1926
No. 417 of No. 124 of
9th Mar., 1926 9th Aug.; 1926 No. 225 of
No. 449 of
26th April, 1926 26th Aug., 1926 No. 273 of No. 521 of
20th May, 1926 23rd Sept., 1926 No. 274 of No. 648 of
20th May, 1926 25th Nov., 1926 No. 338 of No. 431 of
24th June, 1926 19th Aug., 1926
No. 371 of
15th July,
No. 391 of
26th July,
No. 432 of
1926 19th Aug. 1926
No. 626 of
1926 18th Nov., 1926
No. 560 of
2nd Sept., 1926 14th Oct., 1926
16th Sept., 1926 9th Dec., 1926
No. 275 of
No. 668 of
Sourabaya.
Plague.
No. 627 of
Still in force
18th Nov., 1926
Macassar.
Plague.
No. 712 of
Still in force
30th Dec., 1926
Month,
1926.
17
J
T
Meterological Returns, 1926
MONTHLY VALUES of METEOROLOGICAL ELEMENTS.
MONTHLY VALUES of the METEOROLOGICAL ELEMENTS in the YEAR 1926.
(British Units).
Barometric Pressure.
Highest.
Lowest.
Mean,
Air Temperature.
Mean
Temperature
of Evaporation.
Highest
Vapour Tension
Lowest.
Mean.
M (1) 53

O
ins.
ins.
ins.
ins.
ins.
ins.
ins.
January..
30 384 29.812
30106
24066·0 | | 0110756 516 240 660 576 84611 562 0615 0'220 0°392
· February.
*272
844
March.
*247
**50
| 7·263-8603 29'998 0098 821 550 27.168.0 60.8 7.2 63.8 603
*053 0·106 744 48.8 25.6 63′9 573 6·6 600 569] |
0·624 | 0·276. 0*428
0788 0.287 0'491
April.
*044
'589
20/2017
•809 0.089 827 620 2017 729 661 68 689 664
May.
'027
+23
*735) 0.088 89+ 673 22 1 80°9727 | 8.276·1 [72°4
0.879
1069 0409
9'332 0.620
0*756
June.
29-898
*435
·665 0.07589.1 66.6 22.5 81.3 75.3 6·077·8740
1'002
0.431 0*799
July...
*783
*229
August...........
•839
3361
September...
·873
*232
October
30'090
*547
November.
*212
December.
Year.
•824
*337 *798
30.384
29*229
Date.
Jam. 25. July 22.
•992 0.104 83.0 60°9 221 73°4 165⋅0 | 84 |68.9 634 30°053 0.108 765432333 671 590 81627 57′3 29.85′′ | 0°089 (9273 432 4973 76.0 68.2 7.8716674
Aug. Dec.
16.
26.
:
:
0'291 0.641
1759′| 0226 0.515
1.784 0'099 0'421
0.099 0.644
Aug.
Dec.
16.
27.
647 0059913 73 3 180 86-9784 85 821 77'7 6720072 925 |74′0 | 18′5|86·7 78·2 8.5 82·1 781 7010073915 737 178 864 77·6 | 8·8 (81.5 76.9 || 854008987'5634 241790 709 81 74'5 68.9
1'032
0.705 | 0.891
I'I I I
0*737 o'909
1082
1948
0'559 0.864
:
*
M (1) 55
Table I
Diseases and Deaths in 1926 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.
VICTORIA HOSPITAL.
CIVIL HOSPITAL.
Nomenclature.
ing in Hospital
Remain Yearly Total. Total
on 31st Dec., 1925.
Admis-
sions.
Cases Treated.
Deaths.
Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1926 Dec., 1925.
ing in
Remain. Yearly Total.
Remain-
Hospital
on 31st
Admis- sions,
Total Cases Deaths. Treated, on 1st
in in Hospital
Dec., 1926. Dec., 1925.
ing in
Hospital
on 31st
Admis- sions.
Deaths.
GAOL HOSPITAL.
Remain Yearly Total. Total
Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st- Dec., 1926.
Cases Treated.
DISEASES CAUSED BY INFECTION.
Chicken-pox
Diphtheria
Dengue
Dysentery :-
(a) Protozoal
*
co 00
1
41
(6) Bacillary
Enteric Fever:-
(a) Typhoid fever
(b) Paratyphoid fever
Erysipelas
Gonococcal infection
Influenza
Leprosy
+
(a) Nodular
(b) Auæsthetic
Mixed Forms Madura Disease
Malaria :-
30
42
44
2
47
23
1
23
4
il
::
- N
2
26
28
1
1
1
2 N
2
3
4
4
*
4
101
105
211
211
5
(a) Benign tertian
2
2
(b) Sub-tertian
615
13
622
10
(c) Malarial Cachexia
36
A
40
Ι
(d) Quartan.....
Measles
2
Blackwater Fever
25
:::
3 12
10
0110
140
5
Osteomyelitis
Pyæmia
Meningococcal Infection :-
Mumps
(a) Cerebro-Spinal Fever
Plagne
Pyogenic Infection- Abscess
Pyrexia of uncertain Origin
3
3
:
::
. Relapsing fever
::
45
45
Rabies
3
3
...
3
Carried forward...
23 1,175 30 1,198
22
1
40
11
1
...
!
15
12:
~
::
141
1
ات
5
160
:
165
Septicemia
M (1) 56
Table I,-(Continued).
Diseases and Deaths in 1926 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.
CIVIL HOSPITAL.
VICTORIA HOSPITAL.
GAOL HOSPITAL.
Nomenclature.
Remain-
ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1925.
Yearly Total.
Admis- sions.
Deaths.
Total Cases Treated..
Remain- ing in Hospital
Remain- ing in Hospital
Yearly Total.
on 31st
on 31st Dec., 1926. Dec., 1925.
Admis- sions,
Deaths.
Total Cases Treated.
Remain- Remain-
ing in
ing in Hospital Hospital
on 31st
on 31st Dec., 1926. Dec., 1925.
Yearly Total. Total
Admis-
sions
Deaths.
Cases Treated.
Remain-
ing in Hospital
on 31st Dec, 1926.
Brought forward.......
26
1,175
30
1,198
22
40
1
41
160
165
1
4
4
Small-pox
Scarlet fever
Syphilis :-
(a) Acquired
(b) Congenital
Tetanus
Tuberculosis
Whooping cough
Rheumatic fever...
Yaws
Rheumatism
DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Diseases of the Nerves :-
Inflammation :—
(a) Localised
(b) Multiple
Diseases of the Spinal Cord :-
Paralysis
Degeneration
Infantile Paralysis
Myelitis
Concussion.
Spinal Haemorrhage.
Spastic paraplegia.
Tabes Dorsalis
Diseases of the Cerebral Meninges :-
Inflammation
Tuberculosis
Diseases of the Brain :-
N:
:
72
2
81
2
1
4
27
14
30
3
12
19
24
12
21
10:
1
3
5
5
1
1
28
28
1
LO XC
30 03
10 00
:
22
:
Glioma
1
Haemorrhage
Apoplexy
Paraplegia
Embolism
5
Carried forward............. 38 1,385 70 1,423 39
1
47
48
1
:
: :
--T
I
3
2
:
N
171
3
178
.
:
M (1) 57
Table I,-(Continued).
Diseases and Deaths in 1926 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.
CIVIL HOSPITAL.
VICTORIA HOSPITAL.
GAOL HOSPITAL.
Nomenclature.
Remain-
ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1925.
Yearly Total.
Total
Cases
Remain- ing in Hospital
Admis- sions.
Deaths.
Treated.
J on 31st
Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st
Yearly Total.
Dec., 1926. Dec., 1925
Admis- sions.
Total Cases Treated
Deaths.
Remain-
ing in Hospital on sist Dec., 1996. Dec., 1925.
Remain- ing in Hospital
Yearly Total. Total
on 31st
Admis- sions,
Deaths.
Cases "Treated.į,
Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1926.
Brought forward....
38 1,385
70
1,423 39
1
47
18
I
171
178
1
Diseases of the Brain,—Continued.
Vertigo

Epilepsy
10
Migraine
2
Neurasthenia
13
၁ ၁ - -
8
10
2
13
6
Hemiplegia
6
6
1
Encephalitis Lethargia
1
1
Mental Diseases :-
Mania
Melancholia..
Dementia...
1
1O QUIN
10 ∞ 10 ST
Delusional Insanity..
General paralysis of the Insane Insomnia.
Diseases of the Eye :-
Conjunctivitis.
Cataracts
Iritis
Trachoma
Keratitis
Entropion
Optic neuritis
:.
8
CC
:
1
1
46
2
1
4
11
9
1
Myopia (Cataract)
Hypopyou
Ophthalmia neonatorum
Diseases of the Ear:-
Inflammation of ext. meatus Otitis media (acute)
Mastoiditis
Chronic catarrh of middle ear
27
suppuration
Diseases of the Nose :
:..
13
4
3
:
13
'4
:
:
:*།
:
:
:
Adenoids
Polypus
Sarcoma
Epistaxis..
Sinusitis
3
CO
4
4
10
5
:
1
I
18
:
:
Deflected Septum
:
:-
Carried forward....... 41 1,557 70 1,598 48
2
62
64
180
1
:
:
CO
3
187
3
·
J
Nomenclature,
M (1) 58
Table I-Continued
Diseases and Deaths in 1926 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.
CIVIL HOSPITAL.
N
VICTORIA HOSPITAL.
GAOL HOSPITAL.
Remain Yearly Total.
Remain-
ing in Hospital on 31st ¡Dec., 1925.
Adinis- sions.
Totaling in Cases Deaths. Treated
Hospital on 31st [Dec., 1926. Dec., 1925.
Admis- sions.
Remain Yearly Total.
ing in Hospital on 31st
Total
Remain- ing in
Retain Yearly Total.
Total
ing in
Remain-
ing in
Cases
Hospital
Hospital
Deaths. Treated
on 31st
on 31st
[Dec., 1926. Dec., 1923.]
Admis- sions.
Deaths,
Cases Treated
Hospital on 31st Dec., 1926.
41
1,557
70 1,598
48
2
62
64
1
180
3
187
3
Brought forward
Diseases of the Circulatory System:-
Endocarditis
Myocarditis, fatty degeneration..
Mitral valve
Aortic valve
Dilatation of heart...
Aortitis
Aneurysm
Hyperpiesis..
Varix
Thrombosis of Veins
Syncope
Malformation
Auricular flutter...
Ventricular fibrillation
Pericarditis
Diseases of the Blood :-
Anaemia
Pernicious Anaemia
Leukaemia
Diseases of the Spleen :--
Splenomegaly
Rupture
Banti's Disease
Diseases of the Lymphatic System:-
Inflammation of LymphaticGlands
5
15
10
23
***
3
5
16
23
2
2
2
2
6
1
4
6
6'
1
1
2
31
Suppuration of
Tuberculosis of
Elephantiasis
وو
""
""
""
Carcinoma (Lympho Sarcoma)
Diseases of Endocrine Glands :-
(a) Goitre
(b) Hypothyroidism
(c) Addison's Disease
Diseases of the Respiratory System:-
102 10
:.
:
33
2
:
03.00
:
...
16
21
1
67
69
33
38
:.
#
1
1
:
. : :
1
00
1
10
1
...
...
1
:::
...
Laryngitis.
3
3
Atelectasis
2
2
2
.::
1
::
::
...
139
::
Carried forward..
57
1,795 95
1,852
59
3
75
2
78
3
9
202
4
211
11
M (1) 59
Table 1,-(Continued).
Diseases and Deans in 1926 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospita's.
CIVIL HOSPITAL.
VICTORIA HOSPITAL.
VICT
Nomenclature.
Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1925.
Yearly Total.
Total
Cases
Remain- ing in Hospital
Admis- sions.
Treated.
Deaths.
Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st on 31st Dec., 1926.Dec, 1825
Yearly Total.
Admis- sions.
Total Cases Treated
Deaths.
Remain- ing in Hospital
on 31st on 31st Dec, 1926, Dec., 1925.
Remain-
ing in
Hospital
Admis- sions.
Deaths.
GAOL HOSPITAL.
Yearly Total. Total
Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1926
J Cases
Treated.
Brought forward......
57
1,793
95
1,852
59
75
78
3
9
202
211
Diseases of the Respiratory
System, Continued.
Pleurodynia................
Bronebitis (Acute).
Bronchitis (Chronic) Asthma
Pneumonia (Lobar)
(Lobular)
Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Pleurisy
1
102
:
65
65
24
25
31
14.
34
114
35
121
17
5
102
:ཁར
3
1
:༄།
I

:
2
6
I
:-
1
1
1
22
30
5
:::::
1001-3
Emprema
Hæmoptysis
Bronchitis (Chronic)
50
50
Diseases of the Teeth and 'Gums :—
Dental caries
21.
21
Pyorrhoea alveolaris
4
Gingivitis
Cancrum Oris
3
3
Alveolar Abscess
Odontoma
Diseases of the Digestive System ;
Hyper trophy tonsils
Necrosis of Jaw
1
11
12
1
:
6
:
6
16
16
ة
Tonsillitis
Pharyngitis
3
19
:-
62
9
Gastritis
Gastric Ulcer
Gastric Carcinoma Haematemesis Indigestion Enteritis
Appendicitis
Colitis
Gall stones
Sprue
Hernia inguinal
Hernia umbilical..
Diarrhoea.....
Constipation
:
10:
1
2
33
35
10
11
11
2
2
39
40
58
59
1
28
33
19
3
6
28
30
54
54
76
78
2
1
1
21
::
:
:
1
3
34
...
10
I
2
2
:ལ:
:
:
::
15
16
6
.6
Tuberculosis
:
:
Hernia femoral
lelum
Carried forward.......
91
2,676 181
2,767 33
6
140
146
6
20
276
*
296
19

M (1) 60
Table 1,-Continued
Diseases and Deaths in 1926 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.
VICTORIA HOSPITAL.
CIVIL HOSPITAL.
GAOL HOSPITAL.
Nomenclature.
Remain Yearly Total.
ing in Hospital on 31st ¡Dec., 1925.
Admis- sions.
Remain- Total
ing in Cases Hospital Deaths, Treated, on 31st
ļ
ing in Hospital on 31st ¡Dec., 1826. Dec., 1995.
Remain-Yearly Total..
Total Cases
Admis- sions.
Deaths. Treated
J
Remain- ing in Hospital Hospital on 31st
on 31st [Dec., 1926, Dec. 1925.j
ing in
Retain Yearly Totął.
Total
Remain-
Cases
ing in
Hospital
Admis- sions
Deaths.
Treated. on 1st
Dec., 1926.
83
6
140
Brought forward....... 91 2,676 181 2,767
Diseases of the Digestive System,-
*Contd.
Liver abscess
Fissure of the anus
Fistula in ano
Haemorrhoids
Hepatitis
Cirrhosis of liver
Carcinoma of liver.
Jaundice
Cholecystitis
Peritonitis-acute general
Prolapse of rectum
Ascites
..........
Dilatation of stomach.
Gastroptosis
Pancreatitis, acute
Inflammation of rectum.
Stricture of rectum
Umbilical fistula...........
Duodenal ulcer
Duodenal catarrh
Rupture of liver
Obstruction of intestines
Cholangitis
Acute fatty degeneration of Liver. Diseases due to Disorders of Nutrition
or of Metabolism
Inanition
:
Diabetes mellitus
Scurvy

218
2
9
24
32
6
6
14
18
1

:
610021
54 10
تن
2
A
...
Beri-beri
Gout
Prematurity
Diseases of the Male Organs of
Generation :-
Epithelioma of Penis
Phimosis
109
10
109
3
3
...
:
:
146
6
20 276
9
296
19
1
1
3
3
26
26
}
1
Stricture of urethra
16
2
Rupture of urethra.....
2
:
Carried forward...... 102
2,965 210 3,067
93
6 149
4
155
:
-་
3
...
...
23
25
::
6
22
301
9
326
20

M (1) 61
Table I
Diseases and Deaths in 1926 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.
CIVIL HOSPITAL.
VICTORIA HOSPITAL.
Nomenclature.
Remain-Yearly Total.
Total
ing in Hospital
on 31st Dec., 1925.
Admis- sions.
Cases Treated.
Deaths.
Remain- ing in Hospital on ilet
on 31st Dec., 1926, Dec., 1925.
ing in Hospital
Remain Yearly Total.
Admis- sions.
Deaths.
Total Cases {Treated.
Remain- in in Hospital on 31st
ing in Hospital.
Admis-
GAOL HOSPITAL.
Remain Yearly Total. Total
on ist Dec., 1926. Dec., 1925.- sions.
Deaths.
Remain- ing in Cases
Hospital Treated. on 31st
Dec., 1926.
102 2,965 210
3,067
93
6
149
155
6
2224
304
9 326
20
:
3
18
1
19
2
14
14
35
35
:
Brought forward......
Diseases of the Male Organs of
Generation,—Contd.
Prostatitis
Soft Sore
Prostatic hypertrophy
Hydrocele
Orchitis
Epididymitis
Urethritis
Diseases of the Female Organs of

Generation :—
Cancer of Breast
Adenoma of Breast
Ovarian cyst
Vaginitis
Endometritis
Vaginal fistula.
Amenorrhoea
Dysmenorrhoea
Menorrhagia
Abortion
Puerperal Septicaemia Mastitis
Prolapse of uterus
Post partum hæmorrhage Retroversion of uterus
Parturition
Fibroid of uterns.
Pregnancy
Laceration of Cevix
Perforation of Utorus
Adherent placenta ....
Rupture of perineum
Salpingitis
2
3
ON 30
5
14
2
5
16
4
Cancer of uterus
19
Ovary
Diseases of the Organs of
Locomotion :-
Osteitis
Ankylosis of joints
Carried forward..........
2 20 ON 10
1
:
:
1
:
2
:
20 +
1
:
:
:
6
6
1
2
17
:-
1215
10 10 20
1
1
1
1
1
4
4
1
1
23
23
:
...
8
2
fr powder)) | Geelver ›
1063,156
T
IV 00
8
1
:
...
217 3,262 100
8
196
4
204
7
:
2
:G
:
...
:
3
...
:
...
223
22
321
9
343
20
Nomenclature.
M (1) 62
Table I,-(Continued).
Diseases and Deaths in 1926 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.
VICTORIA HOSPITAL.
Admis- sions.
CIVIL HOSPITAL.
Remain-
ing in
Hospital on 31st Dec., 1925.)
Yearly Total. Total
GAOL HOSPITAL,
Deaths.
Cases Treated.
Remain- ing in Hospital
on 31st
Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st
Yearly Total. Total
: Admis-
Dec.. 1928. Dec., 1925.;
Deaths,
Remain- Remain- Totaling in
ing in Cases Hospital Hospital Treated. on 1st
Yearly Total.
sions,
on 31st Dec., 1926./Dec., 1925
Admis-
sions
Deaths.
Total Cases Treated
Rem ain- ing in
Hospital on 31st Dec., 1926.
F
1063,156
2173,262
100
196
4
204
7
22
321
9
343
20
Brought for nd......
Diseases of the Orgaus of
Locomotion, Continued:-
Osteo-Myelitis..
13
2
B
4
Synovitis..
9
11
Myalgia
26
26
1
Lumbago..
+
4
Rheumatoid arthritis
50
50
4
Arthritis
31
33
1
Bursitis
:སོ
26
32
7
Tuberculosis of joints
Diseases of the Areolar tissue :-
*
Cellulitis
Abscess
Carbuncle
Gangrene.
Diseases of the Skin:-
Lupus
Melan tic Sarcoma..
Boils......
Urticaria
Eczema
Impetigo
Tinea
Scabies
Lichen
Herpes
Psoriasis
Ulcer
Dermatitis
Diseases of the Urinary Organs
Nephritis, Acute.
Chronic
"
Cystitis
Haematuria
35
89
NEX8
36
93
3
13
2
1
2
2
38
38
1
+
4
:
18
19
1
6
2
7
I
285
25
27
28
29
::
13
1
29
33
15
3
* 5 **
13
1
1
15
1
:
:
3
...
...
:
:ཨ
::
1
6
1
1
...
...
.:.
3
تب
1
6
5
:
:
:.
:
3
10 10
2
1

2
25
27
3
:
:.
Carried forward...... 133 | 3,726
239 3,859
133
9
219
4
228
9
23
350
10
373
23
Enuresis
Chyluria
Retention of urine
Calenlus
Nomenclature.
!
M (1) 63
Table I
Diseases and Deaths in 1926 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.
CIVIL HOSPITAL.
VICTORIA HOSPITAL.
ing in
Remain Yearly Total.
Total
Hospital
on 31st
Dec., 1925.
Admis-
sions.
Cases Treated.
Deaths.
Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1926. Dec., 1925.
Remain Yearly Total.
ing in Hospital
on 31st
Admis- sions.
Deaths.
Remain- Total
121 in Cases Hospital Hospital Treated._on álst on Bist
Dec., 1926. Dec., 1025,
ing in
Admis-
sions.
Deaths.
.GAOL HOSPITAL.
Remain Yearly Total. Total
Remain-
ing in Hospital
Cases Treated. on 31st
Dec, 1926.
Brought forward...... 133
3,726
239
3,859 133
9.
219
Diseases of the Urinary Organs, –
Contd.
Hydronephrosis
2
3
N 20
::
::
:༣
Pyelitis
General Injuries:-
Burns
Scalds
Multiple Injuries
Drowning
Alcoholism
Local Injuries:-
Septic
A brasion
Wounds, Incised.
228
9
23
350
10 373
23
心:
2
33
31
36
2588
35
31
10
36
17
3
16
578
4
1
1
1
17
16
:
0 10 0
112
118
G
80
82
158
161
3
1
Contused
146
146
1
Lacerated
2
100
102
1
>>
Stab.......
26
26
6
""
Gun shot..
2
28
30
Sprain
42
42
Fracture Skull
43
25
43
I
59
Jaw, lower
2
Jaw, upper
""
Spine......
1
14
5
15
Ribs
20
21
""
**
""

"
Clavicle..
Scapula
Humerus
Radius Ulna
9
N:
3
15
15
24
:
:
10
10
Pelvis
5
5
75
Femur
3
26
29
10
12
Tibia
17
N
18
>>
Fibula
10
10
وو
Patella
3
4
Tibia and Fibula
13
16
Carried forward...... 162
4,770
311
4,932 179
10 227
10
::
}
::
1
...
co
1
...
...
237
9
23
362
10
385
23
Nomenclature.
M (1) 64-
Table 1-(Continued).
Diseases and Deaths in 1926 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.
CIVIL HOSPITAL.
VICTORIA HOSPITAL.
GAOL HOSPITAL.
Remain-
ing in Hospital
Yearly Total.
Remuin-
on Blst Dec., 1925.
Admis- slons.
Deaths.
Total Cases Treated.
ing in Hospital
Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st
on 31st Dec., 1#26. Dec., 1925.
Yearly Total. Total
Admis- slons.
Deaths,
Cases Treated.
Remain- Remain-
ing in
lug in Hospital | Hospital on 21st on 31st Dec, 1926. Dec., 1925
Yearly Total. Total
Admis- sions.
Deatlrs.
Cases Treated
Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1926.
Brought forward...... 162
Local Injuries,—Contd.
Fracture-Phalanges.
Nasal bone
Debility
Maramius
Dislocations
Tumours and Cysts
Malformations
Poisons-Opium...
Kerosine... Cyanide
Datura
""
93
22
""
Lysol
"2
Camphor
Ptomaine
>>
Lead
""
"
Caustic soda
Carbon monoxide
Hydrochloric acid.. Strychnine
Auimal Parasites-Ascaris lum-
21
bricoides
Ankylostoma
duodenale...
Tænia solium i Filaria
bancrofti
Clonorchiasis
N. A. D.
In attendance
Under Observation..............
Electric shock .......
Dog bite
Miscellaneous
Malingering
4,770 311
4,932
179
10
227
5
231
9
23
362
10
385
23
4
13
8l3)
3
56
25
2
33
1
ONG:
1
1
17
61
1
25
3
35
1
ลง
2
}
1
1
1
15
1
12
12
2
::
1
1
:
:
4
4
45
1
63
64
53
55
...
15
15
64
64
6
::.
::
1
:
1
6
:
تن
1
118
121
I
:
10
5
6
Co
2
~:
2
~ :
::
:7:
3:38
80
81
22
22
TOTAL.....
179
5,202 335 5,381
196
10 257
5
264
9
29
602
10
631
:
:
;
96
26
M (1) 65-
Table.
Diseases and Deaths in 1926 at the Kowloon Hospital.
Yearly Total
Nomenclature.
Remaining in Hospital
on 31st Dec., 1926.
Admis-
Total Cases
sions.
Deaths. treated.
DISEASES CAUSED BY INFECTION.
Chicken poxX
3
Diphtheria
6.
6
Dengue
6
6
Dysentery,
Amoebic
15
15
Dysentery, Bacillary
2
1
2
Enteric Fever
1
1
Influenza
1
58
59
Malaria
1
31
32
B.T.
>
M.T.
2
Malarial Cachexia
Measles
Syphilis, Acquired
Rheumatism
General Tuberculosis
208
208
72
7
7
2
2
1
1
17
17
5
5
1
1
1
4
4
Gonococcal Infection
DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS
SYSTEM.
General:-
Neuritis
Local:-
!
:
2
Sciatica
1
***
Trigeminal Neuralgia Intercostal Neuralgia
1
1
:
1
1
1
DISEASES OF THE CEREBRAL MININGES.
Tubercular Meningitis
DISEASES OF THE BRAIN.
Senility
D
Neurasthenia
Encephalitis Lethargica
2
:
1
1
1
1
3
3
1
1
Hysteria
Carried forward
3
384
387
2
o
:
མར་
སྐ་
M (1) 66
Diseases and Deaths in 1926 at the Kowloon Hospital.
Nomenclature.
Remaining
Yearly Total
Total
in Hospital
Cases
on 31st
Admis-
Dcc., 1926.
Deaths.
sions.
treated.
Brought forward
3
384
387
Cerebral Haemorrhage
Cerebral Tumour
Petit Mal
Cephalodynia
Facial Paralysis
Concussion
1
1
1
1
1
1
5
6
1
1
N
MENTAL DISEASES.
Melancholia
2
2
DISEASES OF THE EYE.
Conjunctivitis
Iritis
Dacrocystitis
Astigmatism
3
2
1
1
I
1
GQ you!
DISEASES OF THE EAR.
Otitis Media
3
Auditory Furunculosis
5
DISEASES OF THE NOSE.
Rhinitis
1
Sinusitis
2
2
DISEASES OF THE CIRCULATORY
SYSTEM.
Myocarditis
7
7
Haemophilia
1
1
Arterio Sclerosis
i
Mitral Disease
1
1
Angio Neurotic Oedema
1
.1
Varicose Veins
2
2
Carried forward
4
428
4
432
*
M (1) 67
Diseases and Deaths in 1926 at the Kowloon Hospital.
Yearly Total
Remaining
Total
Nomenclature.
ia Hospital
Cases
on 31st Dec., 1926.
Admis-
Deaths
treated.
sions.
Brought forward
4
428
DISEASES OF THE LYMPHATIC
Bubo
GLANDS.
T.B. Adenitis
Abdominal Tubercular
Adenitis
Inguinal Adenitis
DISEASES OF THE ENDOCRINE
Goitre
GLANDS.
DISEASES OF THE RESPIRATORY
SYSTEM.
Bronchitis
Asthma
Pneumonia, (Lobar)
27
(Lobular)
Pulmonary Tuberculosis.
Pleurisy
Empyema
DISEASES OF THE TEETH & GUMS.
Alveolar Abscess
Teething
DISEASES OF THE DIGESTIVE
5
...
11
1
...
10
5
432
5
11.
1
5
- 10
1
1
描髅
7
7
1
5
4
4
11
4
1
13
1
1
1
1
SYSTEM.
2
Stomatitis
1
1
Necrosis of Jaw
28
31
Tonsillitis
12
12
Gastritis
Gastric Uler
1
3
Enteritis
15
15
Appendicitis
21
21
4
4
Colitis
Hernia, Inguinal
3
3
Carried forward
10
572
14
582
4
M (1) 68
Diseases and Deaths in 1926 at the Kowloon Hospital.
Yearly Total
Remaining
Total
Nomenclature.
in Hospital
on 31st Dec., 1926.
Adinis-
Cases
Deaths.
sions.
treated.
Brought forward
10
572
14
582
Constipation
4
4
Liver Abscess
1
1
Haemorrhoids
Hepatitis
1
4
Cirrohsis of Liver
2
2
Prolapsus Ani
1
1
Retro Caecal Appendicular
Abscess
1
1.
Ulcerative Colitis
1
I
Pyloric obstruction
1
1
Biliary Colic
1
1
Jaundice
3
3.
Cholecystitis
2
2
Carcinoma Ventriculi
1
1
1
Carcinoma of Pylorus
1
1
Gastro Enteritis
2
2
Ventral Hernia
1
...
1
Emesis
1
Weills disease
I
1
1
Ischio Rectal abscess
Hyperchlorhydia
General Peritonitis
Anal Stricture
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
DISEASES DUE TO DISORDERS OF
NUTRITION.
Beri-beri
Inanition
DISEASES OF THE MALE ORGANS OF GENERATION.
12
12
1
1
Phimosis
Prostatitis
Hydrocele
Orchitis
Epididymitis
4
1.
1
2
2
1
1
1.
1
...
Epithelioma of penis
1
1
Carried forward
10
635
19
645
M (1) 69
Diseases and Deaths in 1926 at the Kowloon Hospital.
Yearly Total
Remaining
Total
Nomenclature.
in Hospital
on 31st Dec., 1926.
Admis-
Cases
Deaths.
sions.
treated.
Brought forward
DISEASES OF THE FEMALE ORGANS
OF GENERATION.
Vaginitis
Endometritis
Mastitis
Parturition
Salpingitis
Adenoma of breat
Impacted foetus
Carcinoma Mammac Perametritis
Left pyo Salpynx
DISEASES OF THE ORGANS OF
LOCOMOTION.
Synovitis
Myalgia
Arthritis
T.B. Hip
Myositis
Hammer toe
Ingrowing toe nail
DISEASES OF THE AREOLAR
Cellulitis
TISSUE.
Abscess
Carbuncle
Furunculosis
Stitch abscess.
10
635
19
645
1
1
4
1
4
1
I
1
I
1
2
2
...
1
]
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
:
1
1
4
4
1
1
Ι
1
1
1
...
1
12
10
10
1
5
...
1
29221
Carried forward
12
689
20
701
Diseases
M (1) 70
wxxx.com
id Deaths in 1926 at the Kowloon Hospital.
·
Nomenclature.
Remaining in Hospital
Yearly Total
Total
on 31st Dec, 1926.
Admis- sions.
Cases
Deaths.
treated.
Brought forward
DISEASES OF THE SKIN.
Sebaceous Cyst
Boils
Urticaria
Eczema
Tinea
Scabies
Ulcers
Pemphigus
DISEASES OF THE URINARY
SYSTEM.
Renal Calculus
Bacilluria
Rupture bladder
Enuresis
Nephritis, Acute
Cystitis
Pyelitis
General Injury:-
Burns
Scalds
Multiple Injuries
Sun stroke
Local Injury:—
Necrosis of femur Injury to right elbow
12
689
20
701
3
1
...
+
3
6
3

1
1
11
1
1
11
1
1
2
...
1
1
1
1
***
3
3
6
NON 1 and me on co
1
1
7
2
3
1
...
723-
1
1
1
1
"
""
Index finger
1
1
Ankle
1
1
>>
back
1
1
"
thumb
1
1
22
>>
hands
3
8
"
left wrist
1
1
>>
""
shoulder
1
1
39
??
79
toe
...
"
""
Carried forward
12
756
222
21
768
M (1) 71
Diseases and Deaths in 1926 at the Kowloon Hospital.
Nomenclature.
Remaining in Hospital
Yearly Total
Total
on 3.st Dec., 1926.
Admis-
Cases
Deaths.
sions.
treated.
Brought forward
12
756
21
*768
Cut throat
3
1
3
Dog bite
1
Periostitis of tibia
1
1
Periostitis
1
1
Colles fracture
1
2
Rupture Kidney
1
2
Dislocations
3
8
Septic Wounds
1
7
Abrasions
4
4
Wounds, Incised
Contused Stab
Gun shot Puncture of scalp
3
10
13.
Lacerated
4
4
6
6
6
1
8
2
6
*1
of back
1
9
1

19
**
right thigh
of forehead & chin
of ear & face
of left eye brow
Fracture Skull
"
Ribs Cavicle Scapula Humerus Radius
Ulna
Femur
.
་་
::
Poisoning:-
Fibula
Patella
Tibia & fibula Sternum
Lateral process of
vertebra Metacarpals
Opium Poisoning Calcium Poisoning In attendance Under observation
Total
1
1
1
10
7
10
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
ARP
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
HANN
2
2
2
6
1
1
*1
1
1
210 10
1
8
2105
8
23
870
36
893
M (1) 72-
TABLE OF CASES AT THE GOVERNMENT DISPENSARY, KOWLOON.
DISEASES.
DISEASES CAUSED BY INFECTION.
Small pox,
Chicken pox,
Dengue,
Diphtheria,
Dysentery,
Gonorrhoea,
Influenza,
Leprosy,
Malaria,
Measles,
Mumps,
Syphilis:-
A. Acquired,
B. Congenital,
Tuberculosis,
Whooping cough,
DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Number of Number of
patients
1926
patients
1925
1
1
6
53
14
60
185
150
186
70
267
3
8
493
552
2
11
22
313
560
11
42
162
9980
26
194
54
Neuritis,
23
22
Neurasthenia,
3
Epilepsy.
4
59
Neuralgia,
4
31
Diseases of the eye,
1,599
2,383
Nose,
17
35
י,
Ear,
1,011
*
་ ་
1
1,118
22
25
Circulatory System,
75
168
Blood,
164
317
""
"
Respiratory,
1,232
2,733
Digestive System,
1,698
2,707
Lymphatic System,
98
93
"
Urinary System,
60
202
Carried forward,
7,317
12,000
M (1) 73
TABLE OF CASES AT THE GOVERNMENT DISPENSARY,
KOWLOON,-Continued.
DISEASES.
Number of Number of
patients
1926
patients
1925
Brought forward,
Diseases of the 'Male Organs of generation
7,317
12,000
40
18

Female
108
133
"}
""
11
وو
22
Organs of Locomotion,
315
615
Areolar Tissue,
3,493
3,049
Skin,
""
4,397
4,458
due to disorders of nutrition,
252
489
Injuries, General,
463
312
.3,281
3,197
دو
Local,
Poisons:
(a) Chronic Opium,
11
(b) Alcohol,
(c) Lead,
Parasites
(a) Animal,
913
1,236
(b) Vegetable,
557
561
New Growths, Non-Malignant,
11
Malignant,
3
1
Vaccinations,
671
474
Physical Examinations,
226
255
Total,
22,050
26,820
M (1) 75
Admissions and deaths in 1926 at the Tung Wah Hospital.
Diseases.
Remain-
1926.
Remain-Western
Native
ed over
from
Admis-
ing over
Treat-
Treat-
Deaths.
to 1927. ment,
ment.
1925.
sions
Chicken-pox
2
Diphtheria
16'
14
4
Dysentery
10
173
38
6
52
121
Enteric fever
1
49
41
II
2222
38
Erysipelas
4
1
Gonococcal
infection
96
17
79
Hydrophobia ...
3
2
3
3
Influenza...
10
5
208
72
62
146
Leprosy
4
4
Malaria
11
180
28
6
72
108
Measles
6
1
6
Meningococcal infection.
2
1
2
...
Mumps
.1
1
...
Pyogenic infection (abscesses, etc.)...
38
547
89
27
305
242
Pyrexia of uncertain origin
38
11
27
Syphilis
6
372
89
8
137
235
Small-pox (transferred to Kennedy
Town Hospital) ...............
10
5
Tetanus
4
Tuberculosis:-(a) miliary
3
4 3
3
(b) pulmonary
68
587
251
41
331
256
Whooping cough
1
1
:
...
Diseases of the Nervous system
233
92
22
102
131
**
circulatory system
1
38
14
11
27
""
respiratory
38
672
213
317
325
alimentary
18
581
191
213
368
"
urinary
20
189
77
61
125
""
lymphatic
7
26
2
9
17
spleen
4
1
3
blood
3.
3
male organs
29
female organs
endocrine glands
2
muscles and joints
88
29
skin (including ulcers)| 53
426
**
eye.........
9
134
""
ear, nose, and throat.
4
...
mind
21
2 4
64
41
23
41
co
3
12
29
2
9
27
61
44
174
252
11.
131
3.
3
Disorders of nutrition and
metabolism.
(a) Rickets....
(b) Beri-beri
68
406
197
36
181
225-
(c) Diabetes mellitus...
1
Injuries (wounds, fractures, etc.)....
20
547
108
47
216
331
New Growths and cysts
I
51
9
2
39
Malformations................
2
ཨ བ ས
:
Intestinal parasites..
27
9
18
Opium addiction...
16
268
109
23
142
126
Effects of cold and starvation
23
15
8
15
Senility
12
194
170
8
71
123
Parturition
9
1.169
5
1!
1,169
Miscellaneous..
19
11
8
TOTAL.....
433
7,518 1,841
433
3,975
3,543
-
M (1) 76
DISEASES AND DEATHS IN DECEMBER 1926 SHOWING THE ADMISSIONS AND MORTALITY IN THE KWONG WAH HOSPITAL WITH THE proportion oF CASES TREATED BY EUROPEAN AND CHINESE METHODS RESPECTIVELY.
Remaining in Hospital at
ADMISSIONS.
the end of
DISEASES.
Dec..
Dec.
1925
1926
European
Treatment.
Chinese
Treatment:
Total.
DEATHS.
European
Treatment.
Treatment.
Chinese
Total
GENERAL.
Measles..
Mumps
Diphtheria,
Typhoid Fever.
Septicaemia
Tetanus
...
Influenza
Cerebrol Spinal Fever.
Small-pox
1
2
16
16
8
2
2
2
12
...
13
54
17
17
2
∞ +2
10
1
10 2
5
5

Plague
***
Dysentery
5
2
56
42
98
21
16
Beri Beri
48
40
595
542
1,137
265
156
Leprosy
7
7
:
:
Malarial Fever:
(a) Benign Tertain
16
14
150
90
240
35
21
(b) Malignant
235
152
387
80
50
:::ཀྰ
37
421
56
130
(c) Malasial Cachexia
4
1
1
Syphilis (a) Acquired
6
24
100
27
33
Gonorrhoea
3
:
Rheumatism..
54
19
37
New growth:-
(a) Malignant
2
2
ན སྐ།
74
2
2
(5) Benign
Ana emia
Senility
Tuberculosis :-
(a) P. Pulmonialis
(b) Generalised
(c) Adenitis
Diseases of Nervous System
(I) Organic :--
Diseases of the Nerves.
Meninges, brain and Cord
(II) Functional :—
Mental Diseases
Diseases of Eye
Diseases of Ear, Nose, and Throat...
Diseases of Circulatory System :-
(a) Diseases of Heart
(b)
"
Artery..
Diseases of Respiratory System:
(a) Diseases of Bronchi
(b)
""
"
Pleurae ,, Lung
(e)
Diseases of Digistive System :-
(a) Diseases of Gastro intest

(b)
Tract.
Liver
22
Diseases of Urinary System :-
(a) Diseases of Kidney
(b)
,, Urinary Passages
Diseases of the Thysoid Glands
Diseases of the Generative System:-
(a) Male
1
13 211
80
201
137
41
178
32
39
23
7
30
13
13
:
12
5
17
7
39
10
49
21
27
10
5859
26
1
~1
7
1
:
:
1
4
6
90 20 110
62
13
75
285
87
372 218
43
261
12
00
229
5
112 I
341 6
52
45
97
4
:
4
11
8
161
61 222 66
24
90
Q
24
4
28
:
:
:
::
4
18
18

(b) Female...
34
39
Diseases of Bones and Joints.
3
38
43
2
8
the Cellular Tissue
34
29 405
19
424
11
23
23
Skin
1
1
20
3
23
+
""
Injuries
25
25
391
98
489
6
28
Effects of Heat or Cold
Poisons.
(a) Acute Poisoning
b) Opium Habit
Parasites, Intestinal..
2
29
1 30
:
3
20
:
20
:
9
3
:
:
INTESTINAL.
Labour Immersion
17
20 1,383 7
1,383
3
7
3
Total
197 193 4,738 1,401 6,139 1,107 442 1,549
M (1) 77
¡Appendix 0.
PUBLIC MORTUARY, VICTORIA.
REPORT ON POST-MORTEM EXAMINATIONS.
Male bodies examined.
Female bodies examined
Bones only
Skull only
Total
Claimed bodies sent from hospitals and other
places
Unclaimed bodies mostly abandoned
Total
EPITOME OF CAUSES Of Death.
1926.
1925.
1,582
1,952
1,376
1,614
1
1
2,958
3.568
2.511
3,048
447
520
2.958
3,568
I. Local Diseases:
(a) Of the Nervous System
18
55
(b)
Circulatory System
24
49
(c)
Respiratory System
1,595
1.938
(d)
Digestive System
271
162
(e)
Genito-Urinary System
15
14
(Of Diseases caused by Infection
249
398
(g) Diseases due to Disorder of Nutri-
tion or of Metabolism
518
654
(h) Of Conditions affecting Child, result
of Mechanical Causes
97
100
(1) Of Diseases of the Skin
1
(1)
(k)
Blood Lymphatics
1
(1) Malformations
II.-Deaths from Violence :·
(a) General
(b) Local
III.-General Undiagnosed Conditions
Total
♡♡
61
48
28
40
81
108
2,958
3,568
M (1) 78
1. LOCAL DISEASES.
(a) of the Nervous System:-
Cerebral Haemorrhage
Hydrocephalus
Tuberculous meningitis
Cerebral tumour
1926.
1925.
3
3
21
10
Meningitis other
than
C.S.F. &
13
33
Tuberculosis
Cerebral abscess
Intracanial haemorrhage
Cerebral convulsion
Hydrocephalic brain
Haemorrhage into peritorium
Shock
Laceration of brain
1
1
3
1
Total
18
55
(b) Of Circulatory System: —
Pericarditis
Acute ulcerative endocarditis Congenitial heart disease
Endocarditis
Syphilitic aortitis
Valvular disease of heart
Fatty heart
Atheroma
Atheroma aorta
Rupture of aneurysm of aorta
Aneurysm aortic
Dilated heart
Cardiac failure
Mitral regurgition
Aortic regurgition
Pyo-pericarditis
Rupture coronary artery
Syncope
Haemorrhage into pericardium
Heart failure
Patent foraman ovale
Internal Haemorrhage
Arterio sclerosis
Acute encephalitis
Morbus cordis
2
2
1

12
6
17
1
1
.6
1
Total
24
49
M (1) 79
(c) Of Respiratory System:-
Brocho-pneumonia & bronchitis Pneumonia
Tuberculous broncho pneumonia
Pleurisy
Pulmonary tuberculosis
Abscess of lungs
Bronchiectasis
Empyema
Infarct of lungs
Lobar pneumonia
Lacerated lungs
Neoplasm, R. lung
Dermoid cyst of thoracic cavity
Pleuritic effusion
Atelectasis
Miliary tuberculosis
Phthisis
Pulmonary abscess
Whooping cough
Tonsillitis
1926.
1925.
1,026
1,102
19
11
1
3
415
645
49
58
71
106
1
10
1
1
Total
1,595
1,938
(d) Of the Digestive System:
Tabes mesenterica
Peritonitis
tuberculous
Enteritis
1 w
3
3
169
100
tuberculous
Gastritis
Acute gastro enteritis
1
Perforated gastric ulcer
2
4
Tumour of liver
Carcinoma of liver
1
Cirrhosis of liver
2
Abscess of liver
1
Suppurative cholangitis
Colitis
Ulcerative colitis
Dysentery
Acute intestinal obstruction
Strangulated umbilical hernia
Intussusception
Intussusception of bowel
11
11
1
1
Intra peritoneal haemorrhage
Intra abdominal haemorrhage
Carried forward
193
229
+
M (1) 80
Brought forward
Pyloric stenosis
Icterus
neonatorum
Gangrenous appendix
Infective jaundice
1926.
193
1925.
229
16
72
16
Tumour of colon
Acute catarrhal jaundice
1
Perforation of bowel
Appendicular abscess
Gallstones
1
1
Total
271
162
(e) of the Genito-Urinary System:
Acute nephritis
Pvelo nephritis
Chronic nephritis
,,
interstitial nephritis
| 100+
10
8
6
4.
1
Pyonephrosis
Ι
Purulent salpingitis
1
New growth of kidney
Pyelitis
Contusion of testicle
Uraemia
Haemorrhage into peritoneal cavity
Carcinoma of cervix uteri
Septic endometritis
Ruptured ectopic gestation
Total
(f) of the Diseases caused by infection:
1
1
15
14
Smail-pox
Plague
Enteric fever
Diphtheria
Measles
Malaria
Cerebro-spinal fever
Septicaemia
Pyaemia
General tuberculosis
Syphilis
91731181189
10
16
4
8
61
27
85
127
12
35
83.
49
113
Mumps
Ankylostomiasis
Carried forward
244
393
:
M (1) 81
Brought forward
Influenza
Puerperal fever
Abscess of neck
Leprosy
་་
chest
Scarlet fever
Septic cord
Multiple abscesses Acute epiphysitis Septic mastitis
Total
·
1926.
1925.
244
393
1
2
1
1
1
249
398
(g) Diseases due to Disorders of
Nutrition or of Metabolism :-
Malnutrition
334
395
Beri-beri
184
257
Inanition
Immaturity
1
Mediastinal tumour
Total
518
654
(h) Conditious affecting Child, result
of Mechanical Causes:
Still birth
Premature birth
59
38
红糖
47
52
Injuries at birth
1
Total
97
100
(1) Of Diseases of the Skin :
Epithalioma
Erysipelas
Yaws
Laceration of leg
1
Total
1
1
(1) Of Diseases of the Blood :-
Septice, jaundice
Splenomed ullary leukaemia Toxaemia
Splenic anaemia
Total
1
M (1) 82
(k) Of Diseases of the Lymphatics:-
Lymphosarcoma
Status lymphaticus
Total
(1) Malformations :—
Anencephaly
Obstructive jaundice
Congenitial pyloric stricture
Congenitial malformation of viscera
Total
DEATHS FROM VIOLENCE.
1926.
1925.
(a) General:
Multiple injuries
24
14
Hanging and asphyxia by ligature
10
Asphyxia and suffocation
5
12
Drowning
Opium poisoning
5
KONDA
5
Carbonmonoxide poisoning
Burus and scalds
Electrical shock
Starvation
Exposure
Strangulation
Septic poisoning
110 00
1
1
2
Morphine poisoning
Senile decay
Gelsemium poisoning
Potassium cyanide poisoning
1
Lysol poisoning
Total
61
48
(b) Local:
Bullet wound of heart
21
22
lung head
1
1
abdomen neck
aorta
Stab wound of heart
4.
Injuries to brain
21
heart
M (1) 83
spinal cord
lung
Wound of neck
12
throat
head
abdomen
Fracture of skull
"}
spine
21
pelvis
ribs
cervical vertebrae
Crushed chest
Dislocation of cervical vertebrae
Rupture of spleen
and liver
71
stomach
1;
intestine
liver
aorta
Haemorrhage from wound
Contusion of brain
Concussion
Internal haemorrhage
Haemorrhage into pleura
Snake bite
jmand
1
13
1
1
1
4
3
W3
2
1
I
5
1
1
Total
28
40
General Undiagnosed Conditions:-
Undiagnosed
Decomposed bodies
Skeleton only
Bones only
51
༠༥ |
Foetus only
Skull only
Placenta only
72
2
1
1
1
Decapitation
Taken for use in School of Anatomy,
University
26
31
Total
81
108
6
1
M (1) 84
Total plague cases
.Nil.
Total small-pox cases 10, 2 claimed, 8 unclaimed.
Number of bodies
·
sent to Public
Mortuary (Victoria) during 1926.
Victoria.
Harbour. Shaukiwan
Other Villages.
Chinese
2,949
2.757
223
English
1
Indian
Dutch
1
Eurasian
1
American
1
84
86
1
1
Total
2,958 2,763
23
84
88
Appendix N.
!
HONG KONG
REPORT ON THE BOTANICAL AND FORESTRY
DEPARTMENT FOR THE YEAR 1926. -
GENERAL REMARKS.
The weather throughout the whole year was generally favourable to both gardening and forestry operations; a consider- able number of trees were carried away by landslides and a small number of large street trees blown down during the very severe storm of 18th and 19th July, but considering the violence of the storm the amount of damage done was slight.
An accurate record of rainfall on 18th and 19th July was not obtained owing to the limited capacity of the raingauge; the total rainfall for the year (taking into account the error of the dates referred to) was 96.77 inches on 162 days as against 95.28 inches in 154 days in 1925,
Typhoon signals were hoisted five times during the year; on each occasion the whole stock of potted plants in the Botanic Gardens was carried into shelter and the usual precautions taken against damage to plant houses and nursery stock. No serious damage was done by gales which approached the Colony.
GARDENS, PARKS AND GROUNDS,
Botanic Gardens.-Areas which had been laid out as shrub- beries were cleared of all but a small number of the best flower- ing plants, the vacant ground was then levelled and turfed, this alteration has much improved the general appearance of the gardens.
One group of Azaleas and one of Cycads which had been added to from time to time and had become very irregular in shape with the result that the best specimens were in many cases completely hidden, were entirely lifted and replanted and in the case of the Azaleas the different colours were collected and grouped.
Clumps of Spider Orchid (Renanthera coccinea) on a number of very old trees were taken down, divided and refixed to an increased number of younger trees and Palms.
One very large specimen of Araucaria Bidwilii was rendered unsafe by a landslide and had to be removed from its site adjoin- ing the Gallery Walk.
N 2
An' increased number of layers, cuttings and seedlings were raised in the Pot Nursery which is now used as a central propagating depôt; formerly each outstation has its own small nursery but now that the permanent service of a motor lorry has been obtained the distribution of nursery stock is carried out from the Pot Nursery and much better results are thereby obtained.
The total number of trees and plants sold during the year was 2,559.
Cases of petty theft and damage were fewer than in the preceding year.
Government House Grounds.-All grass banks, lawns, shrubberies and flower beds were given such attention as they required.
Banks on the north side were cleared of under-growth several times during the year.
The whole of the interior of the house was decorated on June 3rd the occasion of the Birthday of His Majesty the King and other portions of the house were decorated as required.
Mountain Lodge Grounds. The large bed at the retaining wall was turfed over and portions of the area so dealt with will later be planted with Conifers; a further area in front of the house was cleared of Blue Grass, turfed and the edges planted with Hydrangeas.
Further additions were made to the group of Hydrangeas on the bank below the small tennis lawn.
The undergrowth in the valley was closely cut twice during the year; lawns, trees and shrubs in all parts of the grounds were given such attention as they required.
Blake Garden.-The banks of the very large dump of debris which was deposited in the garden after the collapse of adjoining houses were turfed by the Public Works Department.
No further planting was carried on as the remaining flat space is now much smaller and will be required for the use of visitors if the garden is re-opened.
West End Park.-The Camphor trees which now practically fill the whole area were regularly inspected; dressings of Solignum were applied to keep off white ants.
Undergrowth was cleared from banks and flat spaces twice during the year.
N 3
King's Park, Kowloon.-Trees on the portion of the park above the newly made sports grounds were regularly inspected and given such attention as they required.
Civil Hospital Grounds.-A supply of pot plants and flower- ing plants in beds was maintained throughout the year. All tennis courts and turfed areas were kept in good order generally.
In the Lunatic Asylum grounds the bamboo hedges and grass plots were regularly inspected and kept in good order.
Colonial Cemetery.-A large number of shrubs, small trees and Palms, which were liable to damage graves and headstones, were removed and the vacant spaces turfed.
Many new graves were turfed and a number of the old ones reshaped and returfed.
The front boundary wall collapsed during the storm on the 18th July and the major portion of the turf on the lower portion was buried under several feet of sand and stones.
One of the largest of the Norfolk Island Pines (Araucaria excelsa) was badly damaged during the
the storm and was subsequently removed.
The whole area was kept free from undergrowth and all lawns and grass banks were given such attention as they required.
Senior Officers' Quarters, Leighton Hill-The grass slopes below the buildings were cleared of undergrowth and sown with seeds of Pinus Massoniana.
Tennis lawns and turfed areas were kept in good order, generally.
Flowering trees and shrubs were planted on flat spaces and the smaller banks which closely adjoin the buildings.
Indian School Grounds, Sukunpo.-Trees and shrubs in all parts of the grounds and the lawns on either side of the school building were kept in good order generally.
The row of Cratacva religiosa which were planted when the grounds were first placed under this Department, have grown to a height of 30 feet and produce a fine show of flowers, annually.
Volunteer Headquarters.-Large trees which adjoin the drill hall were pruned, the boundary hedge clipped and the banks cleared of undergrowth, as required.
*
- N 4
St. John's Cathedral Compound. The trees, rockeries and turfed areas were kept in order by this Department until May 31st when the Church Body undertook entire responsibility for all such work.
Helena May Institute.-The grounds were damaged and partly filled with debris following the overflow of an adjoining nullah during the storm on July 18th.
The trees, shrubs and turfed areas were kept in good order generally by this Department on payment of a small fee by the Institute.
Statue Square.--All Palms and flowering shrubs in the beds were removed and the beds restocked with younger and healthier plants.
The large specimens of Bauhinia Blakeana on both plots were again blown down by a gale; all were raised, given a severe pruning and at the end of the year appeared to have completely recovered.
Victoria Hospital Grounds.--The whole of the upper tennis lawn was returfed during April.
A collection of flowering shrubs was planted on the banks adjoining the new building.
Fourteen large Chinese Palms (Liristona chinensis) which were too close to buildings were removed from the grounds of the Medical Officer's residence.
The major portion of the new tennis lawn was lost in a landslide which took place on July 18th.
Senior Officers' Quarters, Homestead Site-Flowering shrubs and grass banks were kept in good order throughout the
year.
Lawns of houses temporarily unoccupied were machined and rolled.
Government Pavilions and Villas.--Grass plots and flowering shrubs in both grounds were given such attention as they required.
Royal Observatory Grounds.-A stock of pot plants and flowering plants in beds was' maintained throughout the year and the grounds were kept free of undergrowth.
Kowloon Magistracy Grounds.-Grass plots were regularly cut throughout the year and the trees and shrubs kept in good order, generally.
1
N 5
The Eyrie Grounds.-These grounds were placed under the charge of this Department as from July 1st.
The whole of the numerous and irregularly shaped and grouped flower beds were emptied, levelled and the ground turfed.
A number of exhausted shrubs and small trees were disposed of and all scattered Hydrangeas were lifted and planted in more suitable positions.
Two rows of Livistona chinensis and one of Hibiscus Lambertianus were planted in front of the house.
HERBARIUM.
Vegetable drugs and specimens of plants of economic value were identified for local collectors and for various institutions outside the Colony.
A collection of the rarer specimens of the local flora was made from the Island and New Territories throughout the year, all were used to supplement the present collection.
All specimens in cabinets were regularly inspected, dried, repoisoned and many of the older specimens remounted.
A small number of books was purchased and added to the Library, both old and new books were regularly inspected and poisoned.
FORESTRY.
Formation of Pine Tree Plantations.—The extension of old plantations and formation of new ones were carried on both on the Island and in the New Territories, seeds of Pinus Massoniana were sown in situ to the number of 18,700 on low hills adjoining Pokfulum Reservoir, 27,000 on hills adjoining Kowloon Service Reservoir and 24,800 at Shek Li Pui, the total weight of seeds used was fifty-six pounds.
On areas thickly covered with grass and small shrubs, seeds of Pinus Massoniana were sown by the broadcast method, the areas dealt with were hills at Shek Li Pui, Taipo Forestry Reserve, Fan Ling and banks below and above the roads at Shek 0, Taipo, Castle Peak, Stubbs and Magazine Gap; the Total weight of seeds used was 1,100 pounds.
Other Broadcast Seed Sowing-110 pounds of seed of Leucaena glauca were sown brondrast on grassy slopes in many parts of the Colony.
N 6
Broad-leaved Trees Planted. One year old trees of Cinnamomum Camphora to the number of 4,300 were added to the existing plantation at Tai Wo Po.
Large numbers of trees were used in the extension and maintenance of roadside planting, the species used being Melaleuca Leucadendron, Cinnamomum Camphora, Bauhinia Blakeana, Bauhinia variegata, Celtis sinensis, Poinciana regia, Bischofia javanica, Albizzia Lebbek, Eriodendron anfractuosum (Kapok), Sterculia lanceolata, Tristania conferta, Crataeva religiosa, Aleurites Fordii, Aleurites montana and Aleurites triloba.
Miscellaneous Planting.-In a recess at the base of an old landslide in Chamberlain Road, 34 Albizzia Lebbek and 32 Bauhinia variegata were planted, on the bank above the recess 252 Ficus repens were planted in cement sided pits prepared by the Public Works Department.
On Cheung Chau Island various trees to the number of 434 were planted on plots adjoining public paths and buildings.
One plot of land at the junction of Park and Bonham Roads and another at Ho Mun Tin were turfed and planted with Poinciana regia and Hibiscus Lambertianus.
On vacant ground adjoining Gough Hill Police Station a group composed of 40 mixed trees, shrubs and Palms was planted.
In Stanley Military Cemetery a further planting of 148 trees was carried out.
Increased number of Casuarina equisetifolia were planted on areas where high winds render the growing of more decorative trees impossible, this useful tree offers little resistance to the wind and if damaged by high winds, usually makes a quick
recovery.
Roadside rockeries in varous parts of the Colony were regularly overhauled and replanted as required.
Trees felled.-Large numbers of Pinus Massoniana and broadleaved trees were removed during the year in connection with road improvements, extension of reservoir catchment areas. sales of building lots and leasing of areas for growing cattle fodder.
In the interest of public safety and on account of the increase of vehicular traffic it was found necessary to remove large roadside shade trees from Queen's, Wong Nei Chong, Chatham and Caine Roads and land adjoining Police Stations at Au Tau, Ping Shan and Tsun Wan.
3
N 7
Undergrowth Clearing.-The total area cleared in connec- tion with anti-malarial measures was 7,099,795 square feet, in connection with surveys, nullah training and other improve- ments 'carried out by the Public Works Department a total area of 1,244,150 square feet was cleared.
The anti-malarial work was at the request of the Head of Sanitary Department extended to Shek O where an area was cleared of some very old and almost impenetrable clumps of Pandanus.
Lantana and Privet Destruction.-This work was carried on throughout the whole year and in the case of Privet the effect of the work of past years is now noticeable, in the case of Lantana little difference has been made, this being due to the very rapid growth of the plant from seeds which it produces in large quantities.
Care of Trees in Plantations.-Thick undergrowth and creepers were cleared from the more recently established planta- tions, in the older plantations thinning was carried out, large creepers cut and clumps of Loranthus removed.
Large numbers of Tristania conferta and Cinnamomum Camphora were given a dressing of Solignum to prevent damage by white ants.
Pine tree plantations were free from attack by caterpillars, this most fortunate circumstance being very probably due to unfavourable weather conditions during an early stage of the life cycle of the pest.
Protection from Fire.-The new fire barrier round the Hin Tin Tsun forestry area was completed in August, new barriers 20 feet in breadth were cut round every grave on hills above and below Shek O Road,
The majority of all old fire barriers were cleared before the commencement of the dry season, the total length dealt with amounted to 2 miles in Hong Kong, 7 miles in the New Territories and 5 miles at Fan Ling. The work was still in progress at the end of the year.
Hill and plantation fires were less than in previous years the total number reported being 10 as against 68 in 1925, of the number reported 6 occurred in the first quarter, 1 in the second, none in the third and 3 in the fourth.
No serious damage was caused in plantations.
No fires were reported on days of either the Tsing Ming or Chung Yeung Festivals which fell on April 5th and October
N 8
15th respectively, this fortunate state of affairs was chiefly due to rain which fell on days immediately preceding the Festivals.
The thanks of the Department are due to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs for the loan of watchmen on the occasion of both Festivals, and to the Captain Superintendent of Police and Officers in charge of outlying stations for promptly reporting and in many cases dealing with fires by day and night.
Forest Guards Service. The number of serious forestry Offences was much smaller than during the past year, this was primarily due to the infliction of heavier fines and longer terms of imprisonment by Police Magistrates and District Officers.
Numerous night patrols were carried out by Forest Guards under the supervision of Supervisors and this undoubtedly acted as a deterrent in the case of thieves who cut timber during the night and dispose of it in the very early hours of the morning.
Ten persons, who had been previously convicted of forestry offences were after the second conviction, banished, this action has without doubt been of great assistance to the Department in the protection of growing trees in all parts of the Colony.
The total number of persons arrested and charged during the year was 276 as against 433 in 1925 and 449 in 1924, of these 239 were fined or imprisoned, 13 cautioned, 3 received 'strokes with a rattan cane, 4 had their bail estreated, 13 were
discharged and in four cases the charge was withdrawn.
Full particulars of these cases are given in Table II & III,
Compensation for damage to plantations, roadside trees and forestry paths paid by contractors amounted to $825, in addition to this a sum of $200 was paid by villagers of Fung Yun as a penalty for illicit felling of large wild trees in the vicinity of the village, the villagers also provided free transport of the felled trees to the adjoining beach, after which the trees were confiscated.
The cutting of plants of New Year Flower was less serious than during past years, this was chiefly due to the posting of 500 notices in all parts of the Colony warning the people against further cutting of the plant in British Territory, a plentiful supply of this beautiful shrub is now brought down from Canton shortly before Chinese New Year and this has had the effect of lessening the demand for the local plants with which the market was formerly very largely supplied.
Forestry Service Paths. At the commencement of the dry season all paths were cleared of untlergrowth, rocks and other debris, small portions which had been washed out were re-cut
·
N 9
and portions resurfaced; the work was still in progress at the end of the year.
Forestry Licences, New Territories.-Fees collected during the year amounted to $4,888.74 as against 4,307.51 in 1925.
NURSERIES, AGRICULTURE ETC.
Fan Ling Experimental Garden. Two plots of Jute (Corchorus capsularis and Corchorus olitorius) were tried for the first time, the first named grew well and reached a height- of 7 feet when it was harvested and retted, samples were forwarded to the Imperial Institute and a report received in due course stated that the fibre was of excellent quality.


Two plots of a large variety of Ground Nuts were planted in an area heavily dressed with vegetable ash and common lime, a heavy crop of excellent nuts was harvested, but so far attempts at inducing the farmers to use the improved variety of nut have not been successful.
One plot of Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) was raised, 33 per cent. of the young plants (which are biennial) survived the heavy summer rains and were healthy at the end of the year. In due course the fresh leaves will be supplied to the Medical Department.
A large number of small lot of improved Papaya (Carica Papaya) seeds and seedlings and young plants of Smooth Cayenne Pineapple were distributed to local farmers.
Little Hong Kong and Kowloon Tsai Tree Nurseries.— Large numbers of seedling trees were raised for use on the Island in the former and for the New Territories in the latter.
China Fir (Cunninghamia sinensis) seeds collected locally were sown in both nurseries and gave a high percentage of germination, formerly all young trees were raised from cuttings which were not easily obtainable.
Camphor seedlings to the total number of 12,156 were raised at the end of the year, all were lifted and basketed in readiness for planting in the following year.
Taipo Forestry Reserve.-Further additions were made to the plantations on the lower slopes of the reserve, trees planted were Aleurites montana 1,840, Artocarpus integrifolia 390, and Cinnamomum Camphora 2,300.
At the upper end of the reserve and where the grass is shorter a large area was sown by the broadcast method with seeds of Pinus Massoniana and Pinus radiala.
N 10
The service path was repaired and extended.
Owing to the rapid growth of ferns and grass among the young trees in plantations, grass cutting for fuel purpose by residents of adjoining villages was permitted, all such cutting was carried on under the supervision of a forester.
Large numbers of seedling trees of various species were raised in the nursery.
Inspection of Nursery Stock.-Owing to the fact that the importation of bulbs of Narcissus Tazetta into the United States of America is now prohibited, very small numbers of the bulbs passed through the Colony during the year, formerly a very extensive trade was carried on between the bulb growers in Amoy and United States of America.
Six consignments totalling 156,880 bulbs were inspected and certificated as against 100 consignments totalling 1,450,660 in 1925.
SEED COLLECTION.
Seeds of the following were collected locally for depart- mental use and for exchange, Tristania conferta, Melaleuca Leucadendron, Leucaena glauca, Callistemon lanceolata, Callistemon rigidus, Pinus Massoniana, Sterculia lanceolata, Eucalyptus tereticornis, Celtis sinensis, Albizzia Lebbek, Garcinia oblongifolia, Aleurites cordata, Acacia pennata, Cinnamomum Camphora, Bischofia javanica, Cunninghamia sinensis and Ficus retusa.
In addition to those collected locally, one thousand pounds of seeds of Pinus Massoniana were purchased from Pok Lo district, where they can be procured at much lower cost than by collection in the Colony."
EXCHANGE OF SEEDS, &c.
The Department is indebted to the following donors of seeds, plants, &c.-Director, Royal Botanic Garden, Peradeniya; Curator, Lloyd Botanic Garden, Darjeeling; Director, Experi- ment Station, Department of Agriculture, Honolulu; Secretary, Woodlawn Park Cemetery Co., Florida: Director R. H. S. Gardens, Surrey; Secretary, Provisional
Provisional Forestry Board, Queensland; Superintendent, La Mortola, Italy; Acting Director of Forestry, Department of Agriculture, &c., Manila; Dr. P. J. S. Cramer (Java); Messrs. D. J. Fullaway (Honolulu); W. Dixson (Sydney); G. A. Walker; J. Ralston; H. Humphreys; J. A. E. Bullock; Miu Yat. Tak; Professor J. L. Shellshear; Botanic Gardens, Bristol and Mow Fong Garden.
!
N. 11
The following were the principal recipients.-Conservator of Forests, Uganda; Director, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; Secretary, Woodlawn Park Cemetery Co., Florida; The Prin- cipal, School of Agriculture, Natal; Director, Bureau of Forestry, Manila; Secretary, Forestry Commission of New South Wales, Sydney; Superintendent, Government Botanic Gardens, Burma; President, Society of St. Vincent de Paul; Head- mistress, Ying. Wa Girls' School; Sisters of the Poor, Kowloon; Mrs. A. G. M. Fletcher (Ceylon); Miss Rayner, Nethersole Hospital; Dr. P. J. S. Cramer (Java); Messrs. L. M. Whyte; W. T. Featherstone; P. M. Hodgson; Ho Kom Tong; E. L. Agassiz; S. I. Langley: Oran Raber (Arizona); H. Westlake; F. R. McClure (Canton); H. Humphreys; Tang Pak Kau (New Territories); W. Dixson (Sydney); Cheung Sha Wan Police Station and Mow Fong Garden.
REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.
A statement of the Revenue collected by the Department and comparison of Revenue and Expenditure are given in Tables IV and V.
STAFF.
The post of Assistant Superintendent was vacant during the year.
Mr. G. B. Twemlow, the Supervisor, returned from the School of Forestry, Los Banos, P. I. on January 15th and resumed duty.
Mr. J. L. King, the Assistant Supervisor, resigned on April 26th and proceeded to Canada, Mr. J. R. Carr was appointed to the vacant post on July 12th.
Mr. Leung Chau Kwong, who was appointed Assistant Head Gardener on January 4th, resigned on April 30th, Mr. Wu Fu On' was appointed to the vacant post on July 1st.
The Assistant Head Forester Mr. Leung Kim Chan resigned on October 31st and Mr. Lau Chung Pun was appointed to the vacant post on November 15th.
14th June, 1927.
H. GREEN,
Superintendent.
"
N 12
Table I.
RAINFALL 1926.
Botanic Gardens.
Jan.
Feb.
March
April
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.
Date.
inch
inch
inch
inch
inch
inch
inch
inch
inch
inch
inch
inch
17:

2,
3,
4.
5,
.22
.03
6,
111838
.02
.43
.05
.98
.32
.31
.10
.35
.14
1.10
.04
.92
.26
.12
.04
.11
.02
1131
.04
.35
.39
.01
*.56
.29
.51
.02
.03
.22
.03
.09
.07
.45
.11
توریا
.19
.35
.01
9,
10,
1.15 3.15
.03
.14
.14
.03
.07
.02
.25
11,
1.20
.38
.47
12,
.41
.28
1.05
1.41
13,
.01
1.25
.16
2.07
.17
.1.02
.02
14.
3.42
.01
1.84
2.70
15,
.12
.05
1.60
.16
.01
.62
16,
.03
.12
.74.
1.63
.02
24
*
N 13
Table I,—Continued.
Jan.
Feb.
March
April
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.
Date.
inch
inch
inch
inch
inch
inch
inch
Sept.
inch
inch
inch
inch
17,
.36
.01
18,
19,
.05
20.
.01
21.
1.09
22,
23.
24,
||888525
1.52
.09
.02
288
.08
.35
.28
.22
.02
.01
.02
11.78
.96
.28
.71
.75
25
.34
.21
.02
.03
.03
.58.
.25
2.17*
.64
.31
1.32
.42
1.85
1.96
.70
.02
.60
.38
2.21
.08
.11
.53
.91
.52
.07
1.31
1.64
.44
.11
25,
.48
.21
.86
.31
.92
.47
26.
.02
.23
.39
.14
.14
1.56
27,
.19
3.95
.10
.02
.71
1.12
28,
.61
.20
.87
.13
.06
29,
.05
.07
2.40
30,
.01
.57
2.52
.68
31,
.18
Total
.31
2.58
5.03
18.90
5.84
7.68
20.84
9.15
17.82
3.44
5.02
.16
Rainfall for First Quarter 7.92 inches on 30 days; for Second Quarter 32.42 inches on 53 days; for Third Quarter 47.81 inches on 58 days; and for Fourth Quarter 8.62 inches on 21 days. Total for the year 96.77 inches, Average for the last ten years at the Botanic Gardens-98.88 inches.
Total rainfall registered at the Hong Kong Observatory for the year-100.78 inches.
N 14
Table II.
FOREST GUARDS SERVICE: OFFENCES.
eport of:
i
Grass
cutting.
Bamboo
cutting.
Fern
stealing.
Wild
flower
1
NN
2
2
:.
Damaging
Digging
stealing.
up tree
· roots.
Turf
lifting.
Extract-
Soil
Govern-
Cattle
ing stone. stealing.
ment
Setting grazing in fire to plantation. plantation. plantation. plantation.[
Trespass-
Offering
bribe to
ing upon
Forest
Guard.
2
1
1
Assault on
Forest
Guard.
Conspiring
to bring
a false
charge
1
1
1
14
5
1
1
1
6
4
2
1
1
2
1
22
3
16
1.
5
10
22
6
1
J
2
2
N 14
Table II.
FOREST GUARDS SERVICE: OFFENCES.
i
Report of:-
Village or District.
Block.
Pine tree Compartment. stealing.
Pine tree
Pine tree
Barking
branch
needle
pine trees.
stealing.
stealing.
Brush-
wood.
stealing.
Grass
cutting.
Bamboo cutting. stealing.
Fern
Wild
flower
stealing.
Digging
up tree
Turf
lifting.
Extrac
ing stor
' roots.
Victoria Wongneichung..
Shaukiwan
Tytam
123
A.B.G.
13
B.C.E.G.
6
5
22
2
A.B.C.D.E.F.
3
16
C.
1
2
Stanley
C.E.F.
Aberdeen
A.B.C.D.E.F.
3
∞ ∞
1
1
8
1
Pokfulam
A.F.G.
1
3
Kowloon
8
10
Harbour Belt...
9
A.B.C.D.
44
20
20
Cheungshawan..
10
Kang Hau
11
New Territories
12
221
7
3
1
2
25
1
Total for 1926...
79
42
2
97
1
6
Total for 1925..
196
70
1
124
3
16
Į
2
1
1
1
Appendix O.
REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF EDUCATION FOR THE YEAR 1926.
Staff.
Summary of Contents.
Pupils in Government Schools.
British Schools.
English Teaching Government Schools (for other than
British Pupils).
Grant Schools.
Vernacular Schools.
Normal Schools.
The Technical Institute.
Board of Education.
Board of Examiners.
Health.
School Playing Grounds.
Revenue and Expenditure.
Annexes.
4.--Report of the Inspector of English Schools.
B.
C.
Director, Technical Institute.
Inspector of Vernacular Schools, Urban
Districts and Rural Districts.
Tables.
T-Board of Education. I-Board of Examiners.
III.-Government Schools.
IV. Grant Schools.
V.-Amount of Fees Remitted to Free Scholars during 1926.
VI. Subsidized Schools in the Colony.
VII-Subsidized Schools in the New Territories.
VIII.-Chart shewing numbers in Schools 1901-1926.
IX.-University, External Examinations.
X.--Technical Institute.
XI-XX-Scholarship Accounts.
1.-STAFF.
Mr. A. E. Wood acted as Director of Education throughout the year
Mr A R. Cavalier, European Inspector of Vernacular NCGQols. retired on pension, with effect from 31st January, 1926.
The retirement of Mr. B. Tanner to which reference was made in last year's report, took effect from 27th February, 1926
Mr. F. K. Ewart and Mr. L. G. Morgan joined the staff on appointment from England.
Miss C.
Miss E. K. Bailey and Miss O. M. Orine married and left the Colony, to the great loss of this Department. Peyton joined the Permanent Staff.
At the end of the year the staff consisted of:—
british.
Non-British.
Total.
Men. Women.
Me.
Women.
Inspectors
3
5
Sub-inspectors
S
Teachers
25
16
182
85
238
Total
27
46
FB
36
251
Eight Students-in-Training graduated at the University and were appointed to masterships in Government Schools. At the end of the year the number of University Trained Teachers Graduated on the staff was 15.
2.-PUPILS IN GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.
Particulars and Statistics of the various Government Schools are given in Table 1II.
A-BRITISH SCHOOLS.
Quarry Bay Junior School again had a most successful year. The fine new building, a model of its kind, built by Messrs. Little,. Adams and Wood, was ready for occupation in September and a pleasant inaugural ceremony took place later in the year. when the pupils gave a display of gymnastics and dancing which did great credit to the physical instruction of Miss Dyer.
0 3
We have to thank Messrs. Butterfield and Swire for their manifold help and interest in connection with this school.
Kowloon Junior School was attended in such force that the available accommodation was unduly taxed. Plans were pre- pared and provision was made in the 1927 Estimates for an addition to the building. Similarly plans for a much needed extension to the Central British School were considered, but i: was not found possible to make financial provision.
B.-ENGLISH-TEACHING GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.
(FOR OTHER THAN BRITISH PUPILS).
In December 1924 the total number of pupils was 3,339. In December 1925 it had dropped to 1,898 and in December 1926 had recovered to 2,852. (These figures are exclusive of the Indian School, which contains about 100 pupils).'
After the strike panic was ended, the temptation to flood our schools without regard to the requirements of proportionate growth, was, I am glad to say, resisted.
Saiyingpun School, which had an honourable career since it. was founded in 1891, passed on to a higher destiny in September. · In its magnificent new quarters on Bonham Road, re-named by His Excellency King's College, great achievements are expected from it under the able headmastership of Mr. Morris.
Throughout the year we have had to contend with a con- siderable shortage of British Staff, and though steps have now been taken to make conditions of service more attractive to the right type of young teacher from horne; we have so far failed to get the numbers for which we have asked.
Fortunately we have been able to engage a number of Temporary Mistresses locally and these have given admirable service.

The English Teaching Chinese Staff received an addition of eight newly-graduated University Trained Teachers.
Before graduation as Bachelors of Arts these teachers are prize Students-in-Training at Hong Kong University where they take a special 4 years Educational Course in the Arts Faculty under the Professor of Education with practical help from the Master of Method, the Head of King's College.
Much is looked for from these specially trained men. Though in these schools the emphasis is naturally laid on English teaching, great attention is also paid to Vernacular Studies, and promotion from class to class depends on adequate proficiency in Chinese as well as English. This pari passu system is an essential and valuable part of our Educational programme.

C.--GRANT SCHOOLS.
These remain unchanged. Almost without exception, their work has been admirable, and the Colony owes a great debt to these schools.
Statistics are given in Table IV.
D.--VERNACULAR SCHOOLS.
(Tables VI and VII).
An important step was taken in the development of Verna- eular Education by the opening in March of the Government Vernacular Middle School. containing not only Middle School Classes but also a Normal division and a Higher Primary division. The object of the school is threefold: it hopes to turn out young men equipped for a business life with a sound educa- tion in which Chinese studies have played the principal part. but practical teaching of English has not been neglected. Secondly, it aims at producing good Chinese teachers for Ver- nacular Schools, and thirdly, it hopes to educate students in such a manner that they will be able to pass on to the Univer- sity and there specialise in the study of Chinese language, literature, history and philosophy. It is too early yet to say much about this school but the keen interest shewn by Chinese residents promises well for its future, provided that we on one side do all in our power to maintain a high standard.
The number of private urban vernacular schools was 545 and of pupils 28,102. About one third of these, viz., 191 schools with 10,665 pupils received subsidies from the Government.
The rural vernacular schools numbered 191. of whom 107 received subsidies.
With regard to Vernacular Education generally, it seems to me that the standard in Hong Kong, is probably higher than ever before.
I think that curiously enough this is partly the outcome of certain modern movements in Canton and the province of Kwong Tung. In Hong Kong the teaching of the Confucian classics is not suppressed, and moderate Chinese opinion realises how important it is to build on the old foundations. At the same time our Vernacular Inspectorate does a great deal to encourage the use of good modern methods of teaching and school management, and we are able now to reject, after examination, many incompetent would-be teachers in private Vernacular Schools.
In this respect the Government Vernacular Normal School for Women has done particularly good work in turning out well- qualified women teachers for the Vernacular girls' schools of the Colony.
0 5
As an indication of the prosperous state of many Vernacular schools, it may be observed that a number of private schools now charge as much as $100 a year for each pupil.
This department constantly endeavours to see that political propaganda and agitation are rigidly excluded from the schools of the Colony.
This is a difficult subject and I do no more than touch ou it here to show that it does not escape our attention.
E-NORMAL SCHOOLS,
Reference has been made in the previous paragraph to the good work of the Vernacular Normal School for Women under Miss Chan Yat Hing. The number of students was 113, as against 49 in 1925, and arrangements were made to move to new and larger rented premises at the end of the year.
A new Government Vernacular Normal School was started at Taipo in March. Accommodation has been rented to provide not only for class-rooms but also for lodging of students, who come from distant parts of the Territory. The teacher is a former pupil of the Men's Vernacular Normal School in Hong Kong, where he had taken a specially extended course. It is hoped that in due course this New Territory experiment will bear fruit and produce capable. Vernacular teachers for the country districts.
F. TECUINICAL INSTITUTE.
The Technical Institute designed to supply instruction in various subjects for those desiring the opportunity of evening study, was well attended. Details are given in Table X.
3.-BOARD OF EDUCATION.
The Board net eleven times during the year.
Capt. J. Charnock was appointed as from January 15.
Rev. H. R: Wells, O.B.E. was appointed as from April 8 to act during the absence on leave of Rev. T. W. Pearce. O.B.E., LL.D.
Rev. T. W. Pearce, O.B.E., LL.D. was reappointed as from April 9.
Rev. A. D. Stewart was reappointed as from April 9.
Mr. S. W. Tso, LL.D. was reappointed as from April 9.
Mr. H. B. L. Dowbiggin was appointed as from April 15
Rev. G. R. Lindsay was appointed as from May 22 to act during the absence on leave of Mr. B. Wylie.
Dr. Wan Man Kai was reappointed as from June 9.
Mr. L. Forster was reappointed as from July 27.
Mr. B. Wylie's tenure of office expired on October 27.
Rev. G. R. Lindsay was appointed as from October 27.
Dr. Hickling was reappointed as from December 5.
4.-BOARD OF EXAMINERS.
The Board met 15 times and held six examinations of Hong Kong Cadets and police probationers, 13 examinations of Subordinate officers under G.O. 115 and one examination of an officer studying for Bonus under G.O. 120. In addition to this, Language Examinations of police officers and Gaol Warders were conducted by the Sub-Committee at the police Head Quarters every Tuesday afternoon.
5.-HEALTHI.
Mrs. Minett, M D., B.S., D.Ph., did admirable work as M.O.S. The following are extracts from her report:-
“Sixteen Government schools were inspected. The scheme of inspection used is that laid down by the Board of Education in England, it appearing wise to follow on established lines until results show where modification would be an improvement.
The new entrants for the year were therefore taken as a group. The inspection was this year individual and thorough. heart and lungs being included in the examination of each child.
Total number of children examined
No. found to have some health defect No. of special cases, and cases re-inspected Percentage of defect in British Schools
>>
1104
407
196
41.0%
Anglo-Chinese Schools...
38.8%
Vision.
Vision defect. requiring glasses, British Schools.
Anglo-Chinese
6%
16%
Cases of vision defect seen by Dr. Morrison
258
1)
J
>>
provided with glasses
215
07
Special card records of the vision cases were not kept until after the beginning of the year, so that the 16% of defect is likely to be an understatement.
Teeth.-Conservative dental treatment is much needed for the younger British children, for decay in the temporary teeth leads almost invariably to unhealthy throat conditions, and later to decay in the permanent teeth, with resulting loss in digestive power.
Throat and Nose, Heart and Lung.-Throat and nose defect is somewhat less prevalent here than in England; and rheumatism and rheumatic fever being apparently unknown among Chinese children, very few cases of heart defect are found. Lung subnormality, which in poor hygienic surroundings promises to go on to consumption, is not rare, and a few cases of actual tubercular disease have been found. Good chest capacity being one of the best defences against chest disease, it is important that, in view of the high consumption rate here, the children should be taught to exercise their lungs as much as possible. This is a matter in which drill and games will be of great benefit.
The physique and posture of girls at Belilios Public School showed marked improvement after drill lessons were instituted.
Grant Schools. It was not possible to carry out individual inspection of the children in the Grant Schools, but 13 schools were inspected as to premises, and any special cases among the children were seen.
The remaining grant schools have their own medical advisers, who make a half-yearly report on premises and general health.
Teaching of Hygiene.-Classes in school hygiene and elementary physiology are now being added to the curriculum of the Technical Institute, and hygiene is being made a coin- pulsory study in the training of teachers. For want of a suitable text-book, for teacher or pupil, the hygiene notes of last year have been continued.
The year's inspection and record-keeping, which has been systematized, have given a fair idea of the health conditions here. Enumeration of defects, and statements of percentages. are,, however, of little value, unless remedial, and even more important. preventire, measures, are undertaken, and it is hoped to make more progress in this direction next year”.
6.-SCHOOL PLAYING GROUNDS.
An excellent ground at King's Park has been placed at the disposal of Yaumati School, and is much appreciated. The
King's Park grounds allotted to the Central British School and Kowloon British School Old Boys' Association have also proved a great boon.
Queen's College ground at Causeway Bay which for long was a prey to roving cattle, pigs, and human beings, has now ! ain glad to say been suitably fenced and our thanks are due to the Director of Public Works and Superintendent of Botanical and Forestry Department for their help. The turf will now get a chance.
A fair number of cricket matches was arranged between various schools and on several occasions a Combined Schools
team played a University Eleven. I set great store by these
games.
7.-REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.
The only Revenue collected by this Department comes from school fees, which amounted in 1926 to $109,464.75 as against $94,416.00 in 1925.
The Expenditure was $910,063.09 a decrease of $109,842.14 from the previous year. These figures do not include Expendi- ture on School Buildings or Furniture which are debited to Public Works.
The decrease was mainly due to less expenditure under Building Grants.
May 31st, 1927.
A. E. WOOD, Director of Education.
0 9
Annexe A.
REPORT BY THE INSPECTOR OF ENGLISH SCHOOLS.
GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.
(Table III)
Queen's College:-Head Master, Mr. A. H. Crook, M. A.
The Maximum Enrolment was 537 (789 in 1925).
The Average Attendance was 452 (511 in 1925).
All pupils in Class 1 take the Matriculation or the Senior Local and all in Class 2 take the Junior Local Examination of the Hong Kong University.
Class 4 takes the "Annual Class 4 Examination" held by the Education Department; Queen's College presented 59 boys of whom 31, or 52.5 per cent passed.
The following remarks are extracted from the Head Mas- ter's Report,-
Health-The increase in the percentage of attendance is on the whole a very good sign. It is one of the best tests of the health of a school, for, although some of the absences are not due to ill health, a good average attendance implies that the health is not bad.
We had no epidemics of any kind during the year, most of the sickness being transient ailments such as colds or fever which are so catching at the changes of the seasons.
Defective eyesight is one of the most frequent complaints of the Chinese. As compared with European children the short- sightedness (Myopia) of the Chinese children is quite noticeable.
The Government at great expense and trouble has the vision of all boys carefully examined and glasses provided for defec- tives.
Behaviour:-Discipline and morals generally, closely bound up as they are with health and social welfare, continue to be good.
The ordinary activities of the College were carried on throughout the year without the need for resort to any severe disciplinary measures. In connexion with this good order I wish to thank the prefects who performed their duties faithfully and well.
O 10
Sports-The interest in the sports of the College was keen The inter-class football and volley-ball competitions were entered into by all the classes. One of the great advantages of having a large number of classes is that these competitions can be more enthusiastically engaged in. Personally I much prefer the inter-class system to any inter-school or outside competitions. On this system more than half, and perhaps the whole, of every class gets certain exercises, and practically none of the evils resulting from the inter-school system arise. When there are inter-school contests a few boys get. far too much training and exercises while the rest get practically none.
During the summer months we had our launch picnics for bathing. In these outings practically the whole school took part, indulging in that most enjoyable and natural of pastimes.
Unfortunately, owing to the fact that the V.R.C. could not lend us their swimming-bath, we were unable to have our annual aquatic sports.
Cricket was encouraged and matches were played with out- side teams, but I regret to say that cricket, like tennis, is con- fined almost exclusively to the non-Chinese boys in the school- the Chinese only taking a very half-hearted interest in these games.
We had our annual School Sports in March. Thanks to the co-operation of the Old Boys' Association the gathering was even more successful than formerly.
In the Annual Examination at the close of the year in the lower school we examined 275 boys of whom 236 passed: in the upper school, 113 of whom 65 passed.
Classes I and II do not take any annual examination in this College but sit instead for the Matriculation, Senior Local, and Junior Local Examinations: and I am pleased to be able to say that at the Matriculation and Senior Local Examinations we have come up to, and in many respects surpassed, all our previous records. We obtained 16 passes in the Matriculation and 4 in the Senior Local out of a total of 28 who sat.
Four of these were put in the Honours list with a total of fourteen Distinctions.
The King Edward Scholarship, a much-coveted distinction, has again come to this College for the third time in its history. But this year we have been twice blest, receiving both King Edward Scholarships—a unique record as far as this College is concerned. Two of the honoursmen have also qualified for the valuable Studentships-in-training awarded by the Education Department, and tenable at the Hong Kong University.
O 11
In the Junior Local Examination we obtained 22 passes with 8 distinctions out of a total of 51 who sat for the Examina- tion".
King's College (formerly Saiyingpun School).-Head Master, Mr. A. Morris, A.C.P.
The Maximum Enrolment was 502 (413 in 1925).
The Average Attendance was 460 (327 in 1925).
The name of the School has been changed from "Saiyingpun School" to "King's College".
Class 8 (in four divisions) was transferred to the New King's College building, occupying first the Gymnasium and later, the Class-Rooms on the top floor where they were joined by Class 7, after the Ching Ming Vacation.
The remainder of the School removed into King's College, in September after the Summer Vacation.
Fees were raised to $60 per annum.
The results of the Half-yearly and Annual Examinations were very satisfactory. In Class 4, 81.5% of those examined qualified for promotion.
Boys are no longer sent to Queen's College after passing this (Class 4) Examination but remain at King's College, which now has classes preparing for the Matriculation Examination.
The Swimming Pool was used for the first time on October 13th, and was made full use of to the end of November; it was also used for the St. John Ambulance Brigade Aquatic Cham- pionship contests.
Demonstrations in Life Saving were given to the boys by representatives of H. M. Navy.
King's College is one of the finest and most modern of school buildings; it contains 29 Class rooms, Staff and Common Rooms, the latest Sanitary arrangements, Hat and Cloak Roorus, a Museum and Library, an Art Room, Physics and Chemistry Laboratories, a Workshop, Swimming Pool and Dressing Rooms, Gymnasium, Covered Playground, Fire Fighting appliances, and the usual complement of Store-rooms and offices.
On the recreative side it has Football, Volley Ball, Ping Pong and Swimming Teams, a Boy-Scout troop and an Ambulance Division. in December the Ambulance Division had the signal distinction of winning the Ralphs Shield, the most coveted of the St. John Efficiency Trophies. The Senior Volley Ball Team played matches against some of the leading Canton Clubs and were the winners of the Senior Volley Ball Shield.
- O 12
Ellis Kadoorie School: -Head Master, Mr. F. J. de Rome, B.Sc.
The Maximum Enrolment was 423 (712 in 1925).
The Average Attendance was 398 (578 in 1925).
At the Annual Examination for Class 4, of 33 boys examined 29 (or 88%) passed.
In the other classes 325 passed out of 366 examined.
Discipline and health were good.
6 Prefects were appointed during the year.
Physical exercises were introduced in all classes, being taken by the class-masters under the supervision of Mr., J. C. Fletcher.
Games are popular. The School won the Small-Boy Volley- Ball Shield. The Boy-Scouts troop went into Camp at Stanley for 4 days during the China New Year Holidays.
The year has been very satisfactory, as regard both school work and games.
Former pupils continue to do well; two recently graduated in Arts, and several matriculated, at the Hong Kong University.
Yaumati School-Head Master, Mr. A. 0. Brawn.
The Maximum Enrolment was 257 (282 in 1925).
The Average Attendance was 246 (221 in 1925).
At the Annual Examination 246 were examined and 224 or 91% passed.

At the Annual Class 4 Examination 18 passed, or 75%.
The discipline and tone of the school continue very good.
The School library is now much used by the pupils.
Health has been good generally.
Sports are very popular and the school has been allocated a new sports ground in King's Park.
A very successful Sports' Meeting was held during the year.
0 13
Wantsai School-Head Master, Mr. R. J. Birbeck, M. A.
The Maximum Enrolment was 210 (232 in 1925).
The Average Attendance was 203 (171 in 1925).
The Average Attendance was better than for several years past.
In the Annual Examination out of 206 examined 194 passed, while 77% (23 pupils) passed the Annual Class 4 Examination.
The English Speaking Club in Class 4 continues to flourish.
Discipline and health are satisfactory.
The school maintains its interest in games and held its Annual Sports' Meeting as in previous years.
Swimming is growing in popularity.
Tai Po School: --Head Master, Mr. Fung So.
The Maximum Enrolment was 64 (110 in 1925).'
The Average Attendance was 52 (72 in 1925).
At the Annual Examination 43 boys passed out of 48 examined.
Pupils promoted from this school to senior schools continue to do creditable work.
Discipline and health were good.
The pupils have shown great interest in foot-ball in spite of the fact that the only ground on which they can. play is a con- siderable distance from the school.
Un Long School:--Head Master, Mr. Lee King Shun.
The Maximum Enrolment was 58 (64 in 1925).
The Average Attendance was 43 (47 in 1925).
At the Annual Examination 35 boys passed out of 39 examined.
Writing, though legible, calls for improvement.
The health of the school was satisfactory and the discipline good. The boys are beginning to take an interest in games, and have taken up football.
O 14
Cheung Chau School:-Head Master, Mr. Lam Pak To.
The Maximum Enrolment was 68 (78 in 1925).
The Average Attendance was 59 (63 in 1925).
The Typhoon in September destroyed the school building. The school is now carried on in temporary premises, pending the erection of a new building.
At the Annual Examination 48 boys, or 90% passed.
All written work was neatly done and the results of the year's work generally were very satisfactory.

Chinese studies shew a considerable improvement.
Health and discipline continue very good.
The Annual Sports' Meeting was very successful and has become a popular institution in the Island.
Belilios Public School-Head Mistress, Miss H. F. Skinner.
The Maximum Enrolment was 575 (560 in 1925).
The Average Attendance was 493 (458 in 1925).
The pupils attended with greater regularity than in previous years.
At the Annual Examination satisfactory results were obtain- ed. In the Upper School (Classes 1-6) 88 were promoted out of 104 examined and in the Lower School 239 were promoted out of 371 examined. At the December University Matriculation and Senior Local Examinations 11 Candidates were presented; of these 4 were awarded Senior Local Certificates. At the Junior Local Examination 9 candidates were presented and 6 passed.
Needlework and Painting call for special mention.
Physical Drill has been introduced and is becoming popular. Referring to changes in organization, the Head Mistress
'reports.
T
"During the year several changes of a progressive nature have been introduced, the chief being the extension of the study of English to the lower classes of the school. The Remove Class, which had previously had studies in the ratio of three hours Chinese to two of English was included amongst the English · Classes, and the hours were changed to one and four respective- ly. In this way pupils are afforded an opportunity of reaching the standard of English required for the Junior Local in the remaining four years.
O 15
This change has proved a success and has been appreciated by the girls. It is now possible to carry the English teaching down two years further, two divisions of Class 7 and one division of Class 8 now learning English; an important result of this change is that girls are encouraged to pass from Class 7 to the upper school, and so pursue their studies up to the standard of the University Locals.
In 1925 the subject of Hygiene was introduced, by means of informal health talks, into the curriculum of the school.
In the lower classes these are given in Chinese, in the English junior classes they form the subject of colloquial lessons and in the senior classes the subject is treated formally as Domestic Science. In 1926 Domestic Science replaced Needle- work as a subject for the Senior and Júnior Locals. Needlework is taught five years in the junior and four years in the senior School; it was therefore felt that it could well be discontinued in favour of a wider and more generally useful subject. The old cookery kitchen was small and inadequate, and it was found pos- sible last year to fit out as a kitchen a more suitable room. The subject of House-wifery has recently been introduced, and although it has not yet been possible to set apart a room for this purpose, it is hoped that certain structural alterations will render this possible. The girls are responsible for supervising the entire cleanliness and freshness of the building and the washing of paint and curtains; cleaning of windows, polishing of floors and care of plants in the cookery compound. Laundry work is also included in the House-wifery course.
A small room has been arranged as a library and a study for the senior pupils.
The Victoria Nursing Division of the St. John Ambulance Brigade still continues to be a very live interest in the school. Dr. Minett lectured during the year on First Aid and Home Nursing; in October fourteen candidates were examined by Dr. Hickling and all passed. The members attended two public parades in 1926, one on the occasion of H. E. the Governor's Annual Inspection and the other on the Investiture of His Excel- lency by H.R.H. Prince George.
Several pupils have expressed a wish that the school should become indentified with the Girl Guide movement, and three members of the Staff together with two former pupils are training as officers with this end in view. It is hoped that patrols will be formed in March and the school is grateful to Mrs. Remington for the help she is giving.
This
An Old Girls Association has recently been formed. new manifestation of esprit de corps is most welcome and the work Miss Lewis has done in connexion with the Association is much appreciated.
o 16
M
Ellis Kadoorie School for Indians:-Head Master, Mr. A. R. Sutherland, M. A.
The Maximum Enrolment was 112 (107 in 1925).
The Average Attendance was 98 (87 in 1925).
Mr. J. Ralston, M.A. acted as Head Master during the absence of Mr. Sutherland, on Leave.
At the Annual Examination 100% passed the Class 4 Examination and in the remaining classes 88% passed.
Written and Colloquial work were good throughout, and Urdu shewed a great improvement.
Discipline and health have been very good.
Physical Drill has been introduced and is taken by all Class Masters.
The School Garden, in spite of storm damage, continues to flourish.
Keen interest is taken by all boys in Cricket, Tennis and Football. At the Annual Sports' Meeting held in December almost every boy took part as a competitor.
A much-needed covered playground has been added to the School building.
Gap Road School-Head Master. Mr. Lo Yuk Lun.
The Maximum Enrolment was 150 (149 in 1925).
The Average Attendance was 140 (124 in 1925).
The year's work was very satisfactory. 90% passed the Annual Examination.
Discipline and health continue to be very good.
Football is played with enthusiasm during the winter months, and during the summer several swimming pienies were held.
It is satisfying to report that pupils passing from this School to senior schools continue to do well; five recently passed the Matriculation Examination of the Hong Kong University.
BRITISH SCHOOLS.
There are 5 British Schools, four being Junior Schools and the fifth a first-class Secondary School. All these Schools are co-educational.
O 17
Among the special features of these schools are drawing and painting. The pupils are examined by the Royal Drawing Society and the following figures show the excellent results obtained this year:
Number of pupils examined
175
Honours Certificates
68
??
Pass Certificates
78
12
Central British School-Head Master,
Mr.
G. F.
Nightingale.
The Maximum Eurolment was 178 (178 in 1925).
The Average Attendance was 131 (113 in 1925).
The School is now very liberally equipped; there are good Chemistry and Physics Laboratories with a complete stock of apparatus and material required for the teaching of Chemistry. Heat, Light and Sound.
There is a well-trained and highly efficient Staff.
The number of pupils is steadily increasing and the building is too small to accommodate those already in attendance. Additions to the building are under consideration.
The attendance was generally good in spite of there being several cases of fever, malaria and dengue. The new entrants were medically examined by the M. O. S., who reported “a fairly large number (18 out of 50) have some defect”.
The results obtained in the Matriculation Examination of the Hong Kong University were very satisfactory.
For the first time in the history of the School a Matricula- tion Honours Certificate was awarded to one of the students, who also obtained 'Distinction' in English. Of the four students in the Matriculation Class three passed, one, as mentioned above, being awarded Honours, and two gaining 'Distinction' in English. Of Class 1, one student Matriculated, and of Class 2, two passed, one obtaining 'Distinction' in Chemistry, the first student from the School to gain this distinction, The "Montargis French Prizes" (Senior and Junior) were won also.
The work of other Classes (3 to 6 inclusive) shews a decided improvement.
Drawing is again excellent. At the Annual Examinations of the Royal Drawing Society two candidates, having gained Honours in all Divisions, were awarded "Full" certificates, the first time in the history of the School that such certificates have been awarded.
O 18
36 'Honours' and 53 'Pass' certificates were gained this year, showing that the high standard of work in the school is being maintained. The general report of the Society stated : "A very good and well sustained result".
Games and Sports flourish exceedingly, swimming being especially popular; two boys (in Class 3) competed in the Har- bour Race, one gaining fifth place in excellent time.
Physical Instruction and
during the cooler weather.
enthusiastically played.
Boxing Classes were held regularly Tennis, Cricket and Hockey are
Interest in the Girl Guides is well maintained.
The pupils of this school were again active in the cause of Charity, assisting at the sale of Poppies on Armistice Day and at the Annual Sale of work of the Ministering Children's League. They also contributed to the Navy League Fund in aid of the sufferers in the Wanhsien incident.
The girls of Classes 3 and 4 continued their work in support of the London Hospital, a draft for £21 being sent as the result of their labour.
The Former Pupil's Association is now a very active body and has held many gatherings of a festive character during the year. The water Polo Team again secured second place in the Annual League Competitions.
Victoria British School:-Head Mistress, Mrs. E. M. Clark.
The Maximum Enrolment was 51 (50 in 1925).
The Average Attendance was 25 (25 in 1925).
This school, though small, is doing very satisfactory work. and meets the requirements of the district in which it is situated. The children are for the most part very young and would be unable to travel any great distance to a school. The health is generally good.
Physical Exercises and Organized Games form part of the daily routine.
Kowloon
Cooper, B. A.
Junior School: -Head Mistress, Miss Mary
The Maximum Enrolment was 104 (104 in 1925).
The Average Attendance was 88 (70 in 1925).
Very satisfactory work has been done during the year.
O 19
The results of the Royal Drawing Society Examinations were highly creditable; 1 pupil gained "Honours" in Division 6, and in the Preliminary Division 26 passed, 15 gaining "Honours", while there was only 1 failure.
The Medical Officer of Schools reports favourably upon the health of the pupils.
[
Peak School:-Head Mistress, Mrs. P. Stark.
The Maximum Enrolment was 57 (56 in 1925).
The Average Attendance was 50 (38 in 1925).
Very satisfactory work continues to be done. Twelve pupils were presented for the Royal Drawing Society's Examination; of these ten passed, four with "Honours". The pupils of this Schoool who enter Schools in England continue to do very well.
Two theatrical displays were given during the year and the proceeds sent to England for the maintenance of a cripple child.
Quarry Bay School-Head Mistress, Miss G. M. Cotton.
The Maximum Enrolment was 41 (58 in 1925).
The Average Attendance was 31 (45 in 1925).
In September the school moved into the new premises, a well-planned school building on a fine and breezy site on the hill side. The School Hall is used for assemblies and games, and 's also well equipped as a gymnasium.
Very good work is being done.
The health of the pupils has been good.
GRANT SCHOOLS.
There are, as last year, twelve English Grant Schools, the Average Attendance of which is 3,433.
year.
All these schools were visited and inspected during the
The work done is, generally, very satisfactory; the maximum Grant was awarded to eleven of the Schools.
As in previous years faults and weaknesses, where noticed, were discussed with the Heads of the Schools concerned who ever shew themselves anxious to co-operate with the Education Department, and adopt any suggestions offered
O 20
The chief weakness in all schools is still the English Language, written and spoken.
As in, Government Schools, all pupils in Classes 1 and 2— the highest Classes-in the Grant Schools are required to sit for the Examinations of the Hong Kong University.
The results are shewn in detail in Table 5.
Increased attention is being given to Hygiene. Physical Drill and Sports.
REPORT ON ENGLISH PRIVATE SCHOOls, 1926.
Mr. K. L. Chau reports,--Day Schools. The total number of schools existing at the end of December stands at 46 s against 36 in 1925; the total number of students enrolled was approximately 2,000, as against some 1,630 in 1925. During the year 19 new schools were registered and nine schools were closed.
Of the existing schools eight are girls' schools, and one is a kindergarten. The remainder are boys' schools of which six prepare students for the Hong Kong Matriculation and the Senior and Junior Locals.
Night Schools.-32 schools were registered, and 29 closed mostly during the latter part of the year-and 89 were in exis- tence on December 31. The total enrolment was 2,497 (1651 in 1925) and the average attendance was 1,786 (1261 in 1925).
The great majority of the night schools are conducted on the premises of Vernacular Day Schools where furniture and apparatus are provided.
E. RALPHS.
Inspector of English Schools.
O 21
Annexe B.
REPORT BY THE DIRECTOR OF THE TECHNICAL INSTITUTE, 1926.
year.
(Table X.)
The Institute was open as usual during eight months of the
The number of students in attendance during the Session ending June 30th, was 460 against 580 in 1925.
In June-and for Teachers' Classes in December-Examina- tions were conducted as in previous years by independent examiners. 173 Students were examined (220 in 1925); of these. a total of 71 students or 41% passed (126, or 57% in 1925). As remarked in my last Report the low percentage of passes is due to the high standard required throughout, but particularly in the Teachers' Classes, where it is being raised steadily year by year. Gratifying reports continue to be received of the good work done in various schools of the Colony by Teachers who have been trained in these Classes, this is particularly noticeable in the Gap Road English School and the Cheung Chau School, the Head Masters of which were both trained at the Technical Institute. At the December examination, of 36 Teachers examined in the "English" Classes, 29 passed; in the "Ver- nacular Classes 108 Teachers were examined and only 21 passed. Final "Teachers' Certificates were gained by 5 men and 3 women in the "English" Teachers' Classes and by 3 women in the “Vernacular" Teachers' Classes.
in
In 1925 an effort was made to establish Cookery Classes at the Technical Institute Centre (Central British School) Kowloon, in consequence of the popular demand said to exist for such Classes. Due preparations were made and a highly quali- fied Teacher appointed. Not a single applicant appeared, although pains were taken to have the arrangements made widely advertised. A further attempt to establish a Cookery Class was made during 1926, with gratifying results, no fewer than 4 separate Classes being formed in this subject.
It is encouraging to note that at the end of the Course there was a general request from the pupils that a further and more advance Course be arranged.
Subjects taught during the Session included Building Con- struction, Electrical Engineering, Mathematics, Chemistry (Practical and Theoretical), Physics, French, Commercial Eng- lish, Shorthand and Bookkeeping; in the Teachers' Classes the subjects included Psychology, School Management. Practical Teaching, English Literature, Reading and Recitation.
E. RALPHS,
Director, Technical Institute,
O 22
Annexe C.
REPORT BY THE INSPECTOR OF VERNACULAR SCHOOLS, 1926.
I-GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.
Vernacular Middle School. -The Government took over the inanagement of the Confucian Middle School, the amalgamation of which with the Vernacular Normal School provided a nucleus for this new institution which was started in March in the pre- mises of the old Saiyingpun School.
Mr. Li King Hong was transferred from the Inspectorate to take up the Headmastership.
The Maximum Enrolinent was 150.
The Average Attendance was 187.
The following is an extract from the Headmaster's Report :-
"The School comprises a Middle School Division, a Normal Division and a Higher Primary Division. One of the chief objects of the Middle School Division is to prepare students for the newly organized Chinese Department of the University of Hong Kong.
Messrs. Fung Ping Shan and Li Yik Mui were appointed by the Government in conjunction with Dr. S. W. Tso and Dr. Wan Man Kai, the 2 Chinese Members of the Board of Educa- tion, as "Hok Tung" of the school. Messrs. Fung and Li generously offered to contribute $1,500 towards the first year's expenses and to give annually a number of free scholarships of $30 each, the number not to exceed 50 per year.
Special progress was made in Chinese classics. and literary taste has been cultivated: English, both written and spoken, leaves much room for improvement.
In December, four Normal Students sat for their. Final Examination and 2 were successful.
Of school sports, Football,, Volley Ball and Pingpong are the most popular. Basket Ball and Swimming are also encouraged.
The health of the school has been good on the whole.'
Vernacular Normal School for Women. A new development of the school is the addition of the Higher Primary Division, consisting of the 3 Standards, V. VI and VII. This, it is hoped. will prove a worthy feeder of the Normal Division, which it has never been possible to fill by selecting students from outside.
O 23
The staff has been strengthened by the appointment of 2 additional assistant mistresses.
The total enrolment was 113.
In December, 9 Final students were examined by an outside examiner, and 5 passed. The remaining 4 students as well as some of the Passed Pupils are staying on to continue their studies at the 3rd year class which will be instituted next year.
The school continues to do very good work under Miss Chan Yat Hing, the Headmistress.
Taipo Vernacular Normal School. This school was opened in March and Mr. Chan Pun Chiu, a Passed Student of the Hong Kong Vernacular Normal School has been in charge.
The Maximum Attendance, 24.
Enrolment was 30. and the Average
The object of the school is, as stated in the Director of Education's last Annual Report, to train a new type of Chinese Teacher for the Village Schools. Students are recruited from schools in the Territory, and as it was impossible to find among the applicants for admission a sufficient number of students of the same standard, the first year class is unavoidably somewhat uneven. A few of the class, it is hoped, may be ready to take up teaching after another year's study, but the others require at least 2 more years.
The work done during the year has been very satisfactory.
Provision has been made for an additional class next year, and signs of a hopeful future are not wanting.
II-GRANT SCHOOLS.
The 4 Upper grade Grant Schools continue to do very good * work. The Maximum Enrolment in the 4 schools was 1,041. and the Average Attendance, 919.
The Maximum Grant was awarded in all cases.
III.-PRIVATE SCHOOLS, URBAN DISTRICTS,
Subsidized Schools.-With 7 removed and 12 added, the number on the present Subsidy List is 191 (186 at the end of 1925). The total enrolment in these schools was 10.665, and the average attendance, 9,596.
The total subsidies paid amount to $87,480: this works out to be $8.22 per pupil.
schools.
O 24
Non-Subsidized Schools.--Certificates were issued to 88 new 78 schools have closed during the year. The number existing at the end of the year was 348, with a total enrolment of 16,423 and an average attendance of 14,622.
The total number of Private Day Schools is now 545 (535 in 1925) which consist of 2 Exempted, 4 Grant, 191 Subsidized and 348 Non-Subsidized Schools. Of these, 373 are Boys Schools or Boys' with younger Girls, and 172 Girls or Girls' with younger boys. The Maximum Enrolment was 28,102 (28,707 in 1925 and 28,161 in 1924). Of these, approximately 18.000 were boys and 10,000 girls.
Free Scholarships.-The number of Free Scholarships for Boys from Vernacular Schools, tenable at a Government English School was increased from 24 to 30, and, similarly, the number for Girls, temable at the Belilios Public School, from 12 to 18. Of the former, however, only 24 were awarded, and of the latter. only nine, since a number of candidates failed in the qualifying examination and others were over the age limit for entrants to Government Schools. Four new scholarships tenable at the Vernacular Middle School and open to all Subsidized Schools were competed for by 23 boys from 11 schools, and were awarded to the best four.
Night Schools-12 new Night Schools opened and 15 closed during the year. The number existing at the end of December is 17, with an enrolment of 589 pupils.
All schools have been inspected at least once during the year.
IV. THE RURAL DISTRICTS.
The Rural Districts evince a new interest in education, and the year of 1926 has seen considerable developments. Taipo has become a centre of education, with the establishment in Taipo Market of the Government Vernacular Normal School and also of the Shung Tak Leung Tang (2 Primary Divisions) School, organized by a number of New Territory Elders, and subsidised by Government. This is the biggest modern Vernacular School established in these parts, having an average attendance of 146. The offer of a special subsidy up to $250 per annum to the distant and the most needy villages has had a good effect.
Fernacular Subsidized Schools. During the year, 107 schools have received Subsidies, some for the whole, and others only a part, of the year. Three of these received special Sub- sidies: these are (i) The Shung Tak School, Taipo Market, receiving $1,000 per annum (ii) The Shui Lau Tin School, $60 per mensem and (iii) The Chung Him School, Fanling. $25 per mensem. The remaining 104 schools were awarded the ordinary
O 25
Subsidies of $15, $10, or $5 per mensem according to their merits. Four Schools having been removed from this list during the year, the number at the end of the year is 103.
English Subsidized Schools.-The Saikung English School, under the management of the Roman Catholic Mission received, as in the previous year, a monthly subsidy of $30. The atten- dance has fallen to 15 (25 in 1925). This is still the only English School in Saikung District, and the only Private English School in the Territory.
Of the $12,000 N. T. Subsidies Vote, $11,933.33 was expended, the cost per pupil working out to be $3.65 per
annum.
Free Scholarships.-The number of Free Scholarships tenable at a Government English School, awarded to Vernacular Schools were: 3 to Taipo School, 3 to Un Long School, 6 to Yaumati School (from Sha Tin District) and 4 to King's College (from Tsuen Wan). Three Scholarships were offered to Cheung Chau and the other islands in its neighbourhood, but none has been taken.
Non-Subsidized Schools.-51 schools were registered and 42 closed during the year. After several transferences between the Subsidy List and this, the number of schools on this list at the end of December was 84. Notice under S. 17 of the Education Ordinance has been served on one of the thoroughly inefficient schools at Shuen Wan which is due to be struck off the register soon after the new year.
Attendance.The total enrolment in Subsidized Schools was 3,262, including 359 girls, and the average attendance, 2,742. The number in Non-Subsidized Schools was 1,628, (87 girls), and the average attendance, 1,291.
All schools have been visited at least once by myself and several times by a Sub-Inspector.
Y. P. LAW,
Inspector of Vernacular Schools.
O 26
Table I.
THE BOARD OF EDUCATION.
The Director of Education (Mr. A. E. Wood). Inspector of English Schools (Mr. E. Ralphs). Inspector of Vernacular Schools (Mr. Y. P. Law). Rev. T. W. Pearce, 0.B.E., LL.D.
Rev. A. D. Stewart
Mr. S. W. Tso, LL.D.
Dr. A. D. Hickling, M.B.E. Dr. Wan Man Kai Professor L. Forster Chev. J. M. Alves Mr. A. el Arculli Captain J. Charnock
Mr. H. B. L. Dowbiggin
Rev. G. R. Lindsay
Rev. Fr. Byrne, S.J., Ph.D.
Secretary Mr. G. P. de Martin
Table II.
THE BOARD OF EXAMINERS.
Director of Education, Chairman
Secretary for Chinese Affairs
Second and Third Assistants to the Secretary for Chinese
Affairs
Deputy Superintendents of Police
Assistant Superintendents of Police
Rev. Thomas William Pearce, O.B.E., LL.D.
Rev. Herbert Richmond Wells, O.B.E.
John Roskruge Wood
David William Tratman
Alan Eustace Wood
Roger Edward Lindsell
Law Yan Pak
Yu Wan
Norman Lockhart Smith
Geoffrey Robley Sayer
Roland Arthur Charles North
Ó 27
Table III.
GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.
STAFF.
NAME AND NATURE. (1).
Certificated Passed Student'
Teachers. (2)
and 'Student'
Teachers
Vernacular.
Maximum Average
Rate of At- Monthly
Fees Enrolment. tendance. per mensem
Fees Collected.
(3)
or Term.
$5
C.
*
ENGLISH SCHOOLS.
Central British, Kowloon Junior, Victoria, Quarry Bay and Peak Schools-for children of European British Parentage. Primary and Secondary
Queen's College-mainly for Chinese and Indians.
Pre-
pares for Hong Kong University Matriculation and for Commercial Examinations
Ellis Kadoorie, Saiyingpun, Wantsai, and Yaumati Schools -for Chinese. Prepare for Upper School at Queen's College
Belilios Public School for Girls-mainly for Chinese.
Primary and Secondary.
· Gap Road-for Chinese. Primary
Ellis Kadoorie School for Indians--prepares for Upper
School, Queen's College
**
Tai Po, Un Long, and Cheung Chau Schools-Elemen-
Lary English for Chinese. Primary
29
1 French
Mistress
1 Cooking
Mistress & 1 Drill Sergeant
12
*
11
1 Boxing Instructor.
$7-$10
1 Chinese
$10-$15*
397
314
13,892.50
Teacher.
$30-$404
per term.
00
8
487
451
$5 [per mensem
25,565.00
19
40
17
1,392
1.303
$3 per mensem
44,378.00
16
1 Portuguese
10
2 Needlework
551
493
Teacher.
Teachers
$2 per mensem
9,458.00
6
2
150
140
$2
3,108.00
per mensem
112
97
$2 per mensem
2,040.00
$1.00*
10
3
191
161
50 cents
1,086.00
per mensem
Vern, Middle School,* Vern. Normal School for Taipo,†
and Vern. Normal for Women‡
17
293
239
*$12 p. a. t$2 p.m. Free.
5,546.00
(1) For boys unless otherwise stated.
(2) Certificated or with the degree of a British University. (3) Student Teachers or Passed Student Teachers (local).
*
1 Pianist.
* 1 Carpentry Instructor.
3,573
3,188
|105,073.50
!
1
CONTROLLED SCHOOLS IN RECI
No.
Name of School.
Mission.
EN
CAPIT
Higher Classes.
R
Average Attend-
ance.
Rate.
1 Aver: Total Atter
anc
it
$
1
St. Joseph's College,
R. C. M.
191
681
622
104
2
Italian Convent,
18 & Inf.
190
441
!
402 30
22
3
French Convent,
[8 & Inf.
175
254
228 25
50
وو
7
Diocesan Girls' School,
C. of E. 8 & Inf.
§ 376
222
189
19
8
Diocesan Boys' School,
8.
'368
336
265 63
**
9
St. Mary's School,
R. C. M. 3 & Inf.
1961
309
283 17
13
St. Francis' School,
4 & Inf.
1891
188
155
**
14
St. Joseph's Branch,
4
189
113
101
"
15
Ying Wa College,
L. M. S.
218
249
220
16
St. Paul's College,
C. M. S.
219
412
351 39
!
17
Wah Yan College,
190
487
446 75
1
18
St. Stephen's Girls' College,
C. M. S. 8 & Inf. 3/362
209
171 28
888 1888
50 5,200 36
50
1,500 13
1,250
8
50
950
8
50
3,150
15
30
850
9
2
3
14
50 1,950 20
50
1
3,750 28 50 1,400 6
3,901
3,433
400
20,000|1,67
VERN
No.
Name and Nature of School.
Mission.
Number of Classes.
Number Maximum of School Monthly
Days.
Enrolment.
Average
Rate.
Attendance.
#2
18
Fairlea, (Girls)
C. M. S.
221
265
221
19
Victoria Home (Girls)
227
180
164
""
20
Ying Wah (Girls)
L. M. S.
11
222
251
229
11
21
St. Paul's (Girls)
C. M. S.
11
232
345
305
1,041
919
4.942
4,354
NOTE.-R. C.
C. of E.
-Roman Catholic.
-Church of England.
.
- O 29
TABLE IV.
CONTROLLED SCHOOLS IN RECEIPT OF A GRANT I
Mission.
ENGLISH
CAPITATION GRANT.
SCHOOL
Higher Classes.
Remove Classes.
Lower Classes.
Average Attend.
Rate.
1 Average Total. Attend-
Rate.
2
Average Total. Attend-
Rate.
3 Total.
ance.
ance.
ance.
A
Total Capitation Grants
of Columns 1, 2 & 3.
N Pu
#A
$
CA
#
$
eb
$
R. C. M.
191
681
622
104
50
5,200 368 30
11,040 150
8 & Inf.
190
441
402 30
50
1,500
130 30
3,900 242
י
18 & Inf.
175
254
228 25
50
1,250
86
30
2,580 117
282200
3,000 4,840 10,240
19,240
2,340
6,170
C. of E. 8 & Inf.
376
222
189
19
50
950
84
30
2,520 86 20 1,720
5,190
8.
1368
336
265 63
50
3,150
154
30
4,620 48
20
960
8,730
>
R. C. M. s & lof.
1961
309
283 17
50
850
92 30
2,760
174
20
3,480
7,090
4 & Inf.
1891
188
155
27 30
810
128
20
2,560
3,370
1
1891
113
101
L. M. S.
218
249
220
35 141 30
30
1,050
66 20
1,320
2,370
C. M. S.
219
412
351
39
50
1,950
201 30
190
487
446
75
50
C. M. S. 8 & Inf. ¦}/362
209
171
28 | 50
3,750 288 1,400 68
4,230 79 20
111 6,030 30 8,640 83 30 2,040
1,580
5,810
20 2,220
10,200
75
1220
1,660
14.050
1,500 4,940
3,901 3,433 400
20,000 1,674
27,180 97,400
|50,220|1,359
* Half only approved by H.E. C.S.O. 1181:27.
VERNACULAR
SCHO
(Upper Grade.)
Number Maximum
Average
Rate.
of of School Monthly Attendance.
Days. Eurolment.
Number
ool.
Mission.
Classes.
Total Capitation
Grant.
f
C. M. S.
7
221
265
221
11
2,431
227
180
164
11
1,804
"
L. M. S.
11
222
251
229
11
2519
C. M. S.
232
345
305
11
3.355
1,041
919
10,109
4.942
4,354
107,509
NOTE.-R, C.
-Roman Catholic.
C. M. S
C. of E.
Church of England.
L. M. S
-Church M =London M
ANT UNDER THE GRANT CODE.
OOLS.
A
Total
Capitation
Grants
of
UNIVERSITY EXAMINATION GRANT.
B
C
D
Grand
7
Total
Total
Local
Senior.
Junior.
Honours.
Refund
Grants
Special
Rent
of
Science
of.
Columus
of Fees.
Grant
Grant
Columus 1, 2 & 3.
No. of Rate. Pupils.
4 Total.
3
6
Columns
No. of Rate. Pupils.
No. of Rate.
Total.
Total.
4, 5, 6, & 7.
A, B,C & D.
Pupils.
#*
**
19,240
42
30
1,260
62
16
930
100
100
1,584
3,874
460
23,574
10,240 13
30
390 13
15
195
452
1,037
11,277
6,170
8
30
240
16
15
240
100
100
352
932
7,102
5,190 10
30
300
10
15
150
320
770
5,960
8,730
24
30
720
41
15
615
100 100
952
2,387
1,260
12.377
7,090
30
120
11
15
165
224
509
7,599
3,370
3,370
2,370
2,370
5,810
1.104
4,009*
10,200
30
240
25
15
375
460
1,075
660
11,935
14,050
29
30
970 50
15
750
100
100
1,180
2,900
800
1,920
19,670
4,940
12
30
360 17
15
255
444
1.059
5,999
97,400
150
1,500 245
3,675
4
400
5,968
14,543
3,180
3,024
115,242
. 1181:27.
CHOOLS.
tal ation
ant.
31
04
19
55
09
09
Church Missionary Society.
London Missionary Society.
Grand
Rent Grant.
Total
of
Grants
2,431
1,804
2,519
2,400
5,755
2,400
12,509
5,424
127.751
0 31
Table V.
Amount of Fees Remitted to Free Scholars in Government
Schools During 1926.
Queen's College
Ellis Kadoorie School
King's College
Yaumati School
Wantsai School Indian School Gap Road School
Belilios Public School
Central British School
$1,985.00 906.00
6.00
1,422.00 .
924.00
176.00
84.00
862.00
756.00
Victoria British School
30.00
Kowloon Junior School
30.00
Taipo Government School
126.00
Cheung Chow Government School
11.00
Un Long Government School
16.50
Total
$7,334.50
O 32
Table VI.
Subsidised Schools, Urban Districts, 1926.
Total
Average
Address.
Boys. Girls. Enrol-
Atten-
Total Subsidy
ment.
dance.
Paid.
$
CONFUCIAN SOCIETY.
60A Wanchai Road
6 Bridges Street
36
38
51
84
"
"
52
4
"
124 Hollywood Road 2nd floor (West)
Aplichau
32 Fuk Tsuen Heung
Lung On Street (Yuk Hui Kung)
38
+88*: £
51
49
960
84
76
600
43
43
41
600
60
60
55
600
62
66
59
600
42
40
540
50
50
41
540
29
29
27
480
58
50
480
12 Tai Hang, Ground floor....
73
73
61
480
12
1st floor....
86
86
74
480
17 Yuk Ming Street
47
47
44
480
40 Pokfulam Road 42 Bridges Street..
32
10
42
37
420
48
48
39
360
1061 Canton Road.
10 Fuk Luk Lane
11
37
48
41
360
42
42
39
360
322 Nathan Road
Lung On St. Guild Room (East) Lung On St Temple (West).
9 Portland Street
41
41
38
360
42
42
39
360
49
49
46
360
24
9
33
24
360
208 Queen's Road East..
1
37
38
32
360
88A Wanchai Road
38
38
35
360
25 Water Street
38
38
36
360
85 Yee Kuk Street
40
43
37
360
124 Hollywood Road (Chung Wa Bldg.)... 163°
167
162
300
124
126 Aberdeen....."
2nd floor (Central)...
50
50
43
240
50
50
44
180
CONFUCIAN BRANCH SOCIETY, KOWLOON.
326 Nathan Road
171 Temple Street.
Kowloon City Road
TUNG WA HOSPITAL.
528
37
11
42
15
36
48
41
360
47
44
360
36
27
250
5 Bridge St. Chung Wa Bldg. Top floor! 149
149
141
960
248 Des Voeux Road West
49
49
45
540
11 Centre Street
36
36
30
420
24 Eastern Street..
34
34
32
420
2 Ladder Street Ground floor
36
36
33
420
2
1st floor
49
49
>>
43
420
>"
O 33
Table VI,--Continued.
Subsidised Schools, Urban Districts, 1926,--Contd.
Address.
TUNG WA HOSPITAL,--Contd.
184 Queen's Road East...
Total Average Boys. Girls. Enrol- Atten- dance.
Total
Subsidy
ment.
Paid.
S
27
25
420
10B Wing Fung Street
35
30
420
15 Tai Wo Street..
85
34
360
14 Tai Yuen Street
41
44
11
360
Yaumiati Temple (South)
49
49
13
360
124 Hollywood Road 2nd Hoor East
43
B
12
300
68 Queen's Road West
42
42
35
240
4 Ladder Street
42
42
41
180
Yaumati Temple (North)
72
68
120
LONDON MISSION SCHOOLS,
40-44 Portland Street
16
114
65-69 Battery Street
13
115
20 Pokfulam Road
10
71 Battery Street..
131
1-3 Chatham Road
9
199 Quen's Road East
10
Wanchai Chapel (Boys).
52
(Girls)
4
20 Aberdeen Street
5
1 Station Road
16
13-17 Western Street
48
21 Yee Wo Street (Boys)
54
21
(Girls)
2 Taipingshan Street
38
35 Pottinger Street
293 32 AS DINAT
130
117
1,440
128
116
1,080
64
74.
63
1.080
131
120
720
25
34
28
720
85
95
86
720
52
48
720
63
55
720
38
13
41
360
36
52
45
360
45
360
49
360
31
360
33
240
24
31
26
120*
CHURCH MISSION SCHOOLS (Miss HOLLIS.)
12 Caroline Road...
63A Sai Tau, Kowloon City
25 Canton Road
232 Hollywood Road.
12
2002
12
35
فولاد
720
26 80
106
100
600
38
13
37
360
89
101
88
360
31 Queen's Road West
6
49
16
360
129 & 131 Shaukiwan West..
13
38
29
360
Stanley
21
27
23
360
Tokwawan
24
57
50
360
Quarry Bay...
15
20
35
31
300
45 Nathan Road
15
57
72
69
240
Shaukiwan East
14
47
61
57
180
C. M. S. (Miss F. C. Woo)
29 Main Road, Tai Hang
13
33
46
44
600'
* Transferred to private management in July.
O 34
Table VI,-Continued.
Subsidised Schools, Urban Districts, 1925,---Contd.
Address.
Total Boys. Girls. Enrol-
ment.
Average Atten- dance.
Total Subsidy
Paid.
CHURCH MISSION SCHOOLS,-Contd.
C. M. S. (MR. WONG SHIU PUx)
27 Warren Street, Tai Hang...... 10 Wu Pak Street, Aberdeen
40
40
35
360
39
43
38
240
C. M. S. (REV. KAU YAN LEE)
Kowloon City
59
59
13
120
ROMAN CATHOLIC MISSION
REV. FR. SPADA,
135-137 Wantsai Road
6 Bowring Street
342 Shanghai Street
4
119
123
108
1.440
27
3
30
24
660
6
32
38
32
600
12
30
42
40
480
21
1
22
18.
360
5
39
44
12
360
36
32
200
15 Waterloo Street
456 Shanghai Street
8 Holy Cross Path, Shapkiwan, West.
Sha Ti Yuen
HEAD MISTRESS FRENCH CONVENT
French Convent Orphanage
66
66
64
1,440
St. Pauls' Institute Chinese School
35
146
181
169
960
REV. MOTHER SUPERIOR,
ITALIAN CONVENT.
26 Caine Road.
24
165
189
172
Italian Convent Chinese Orphanage...,
66
66
21 Kennedy Road
.7
51
Aberdeen R. C. M........
21
41
Hunghom R. C. M.
15
17
62
23685
780
64
720
57
720
360
61
240
ST. VINCENT DE PAUL SOCEITY
80-82 Queen's Road East
80
80
75
360
REV. FR. PAUL LU
8 Holy Cross Path, Shaukiwan, West
:
:
30*
PAN MAN SOCIETY.
46 Ship Street
2 Saigon Street
ངས་
31
31
28
660
43
48
38
480
21 Reclamation Street.
2 Dundas Street
140A Laichikok Road
4 Tai Fu Street
49
19
45
420
43
43
30
360
43
43
39
360
45
45
41
360
43 Tsam Shu Street
41
44
37
360
* Closed in April.
O 35
Table VI,-Continued.
Subsidised Schools, Urban Districts, 1926,-Contd.
Address.
Total
Average
Total
Boys. Girls.
Enrol-
Attan-
Subsidy
ment.
dance.
Paid.
$
ffo
Pui To LUEN OI WUL.
19 High Street......
48
48
13
840
50 Peel Street
31
31
30
600
116 Aplichan.
27
19
46
87
480
61 High Street..
6
35
41
360
12 Saigon Street
14
17
15
360
NAM WA ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION.
287-293 Shaukiwan West........
..... 183
68-74 Percival Street
83
183
161
1,680
93
101
94 .
1,200
TSUNG SING SOCIETY.
115 Second Street (No. 1 Free School)................. 48
48
+4
600
117
(No. 3
47
47
41
540
39 Kai Yi Road (No. 2
46
16
37
360
TUNG KUN SOCIETY.
84 Second Street
35 Praya East ...
136 Connaught Road West
4 50 50
43 Sai Street
230 Queen's Road East.
129 Third Street
4-4
780
50
47
540
50
48
180
48
48
48
480
49
49
46
480
47
47
45
360
SHUNG TSING KUNG SHEUNG SOCIETY.
Sheug Sha Po........
38 & 40 Shek Street, Shankiwan.
79
79
80
80
78
32
71
$80
675
FRUIT AND Vegetable Dealers' GUILD. |
326 Queen's Road West (Mr. Sin Kie)
39
39
37
660
2 Waterloo Street (Mr. Cheung Ngan).... 96 Praya East (Mr. Wong Pui).
36
36
32
420
38
43
39
360
CHUNG WA SHING KAU CHUNG WEI.
311 Portland Street
47
17
125 Second Street
49
49
==
44
180
16
180
TUNG TAK LABOUR UNION.
IS Centre Street (Mr. Chan Yan)
13
B
39
360
324 Des Vœux Road West (Mr. Lo Kwai) 49
49
48
360
O 36
Table VI.-Continued.
Subsidised Schools, Urban Districts, 1926,--Contd.
Address.
Boys. Girls.
Total Average Enrol- Atten-
ment.
Tom
Subsidy
dance.
Paid.
!
//%
985 9 9984 52 9922- 5:
195
187
1,200
50
256
306
284
1,080
47
47
43
840
4.7
17
37
6100
45
10
480
42
40
480
33
33
31
360
47
17
43
360
136
111
360
13
18
31.
25
240
40
79
119
108
240
95
95
S8
240
38
38
36
180
13
91
104
70
150
7
23
30
28
120
61
64
59
90
*5*
VARIOUS PUBLIC BODIES.
Kowloon City Public Dispensary,
(Kowloon City Kaifong).
5 Ladder Street (Kung Lei Wui)
168 Des Voeux Road West (Salt Fish Gd.) 146 Praya East (Sailing Boats and Barge
Guild)
129 Shanghai Street (Chung Wa Man
Yuen Society)
144 Belchers Street (Nam Hoi Society)
38 Cochrane Street (Chinese Merchants) 33 Peking Road (Tsimshatsui Kaifong)... 254 & 256 Shaukiwan West (American
Penticostal Mission)
Aberdeen (Baptist Society)
Bonham Road Lai Yin School
(Rhenish Mission)
Hunghom Public Dispensary
19 Lee Yuen West St. (Pun U Society).. 10 Ta Tit St. (Kowloon City Kaifong)... Kaulungtsai (Wo Ping Free School)... 493 Natham Road (Kowloon Chin Woo
Society)
Little Hong Kong(Sir Shou-son Chow)|
PRIVATE SCHOOLS.
17 & 19 Morrison Hill Rd. (So Lai King)
131
144
136
1,440
41 Elgin St. (Pun Tsing Sau
3
47
50
#1
1,320
94 Parkes St. (Ko Oi Kwan)
19
34
53
17
1.020
17 Elgin St. (Lau Sam Ku)
6
49
55
50
720
198 Hollywood Road (Chan Po Lam).
15
15
10
720
95 Wong Nei Chung Rd. (Lui To Ying)
17
25
42
37
720
129 Woosung St. (Lui To Ying)
37
32
720
38 High St. (Lai Lei Shi)
20
29
28
480
3 Fook Chow St. (Leung Pui Fan)
18
*56
71
67
180
45 Shanghai St. (Chu Yu Hing)
12
12
9
480
4 Sheung Fung Lane (Lai Fat Shan)
45
45
f t
480
8 Sutherland St. (Mok Sz Hung). 2 Tank Lane (Chan Chung Wa and
Leung Wong Ping)
7 Waterloo St. (Lai Kwan Pok) 179 Queen's Road East (Tseng So Yu)
* Closed in April.
59
76
68
480
B
70
6
S:6
19
22
20
480
70
68
480
29
30
1-21
O 37
Table VI,-Continued.
Subsidised Schools, Urban Districts, 1926,—Contd.
Address.
Average. Boys. Girls. Enrol- Atten-
Total
Total Subsidy
ment.
dance.
Paid.
PRIVATE SCHOOLS, -Conld.
$
17 Cross Street (Wong Siew Sui).......... 57 High Street (Lo King Nam)
24
21
29
360
67
72
64
360
26 & 28 Li Po Lang Terrace (Chan
P'un Cheuk)
44
48
46
360
2 Ningpo St. (Chan Chuen Oi) 303 Reclamation St. (Lo Yip Man)
16
38
54
51
360
14
98
112
87
360
45 Pottinger Street (Tsui Yi Hing)
258
416
23 Shantung Street (Tam Lai Tsan). 63A Wanchai Road (Cheug Hon Wai). 38 Baker Street (Tsui Cheuk Tsau) 26 Fuk Tsuen Heung (Li Tso Yu) 34 Pak Ho Street (Man Ping Leung) 114 Aplichan (Chun Lai Chuen)... 92 First Street (Ng Tsan Hing). 95 High Street (Tsan Shing Ching)
2 & 4 Cheung On St. (Mok San Sau) 21 Cheung On St. (Pun Cheuk Yu) 15 Saigon Road (Huen Keung Hong) 155 Sheung St. (Mak Tung Wing).
33 Kowloon City Road (Li Yu Fan) 17 Percival Street (Lai Tin Chi) 190 Queen's Rd. East (Wong Pak Yeung) 259 Laichikok Road (Au Tsik Sang) 472 Shanghai Street (Ho Yin Fong)
20 Third St. Shaukiwan (Lo Man Sang) 22 Western Street (Chu Chan Shi) 342 Nathan Road (Siu Lai Fong)
Cheung Sha Wan (Leung Yuk Ching) Tokwawan Tin Hau Temple (Hung
Wun Man)
124 Queen's Road East (Cheung Sz Ngai)
32 Shantung Street (Tseng Tai Wa)
147 Shanghai Street (Lau Yi Ho)
137 Shaukiwen East (Cheung Siu Wing)
West (Lam Wan Sin)
Lam Wai Hing).
6
31
37
27
360
16
21
37
29
360
20
21
20
360.
24
24
21
300
62
70
62
300
14
. 22
21
300
30
6
36
33
240
5
40
33
240
7
B
201
14
240
14
47
61
56
240
17
23
19
240
37
37
20
240
23
61
48
240
44
44
39
240
24
19
240
46
17
45
240
36
36
32
240
12
48
60
49
240
25
26
25
240
11
64
240
10
25
28
200
47
41
180
53
46
180
120*
31
38
38
120
41
42
40
120
43
43
1:20
17
39
120
34
32
120
342
(Wan Tsit Ho).
41
45
45
120
14 Shaukiwan Road (Lie Tsan Sai)
26
29
24
120
6 Wanchai Road (Fong Tsz Shat)
17
16
120
1 Wood Road (Mok Tun Mui)
50
9
59
54
120
Shek (Tsui Sing Shi)....
28
28
21
90+
6,575 |4,090 | 10,665.
9,596
$87,480
*
From L.M.S. on 1st July.
† Subsidized from July.
No.
O 38
Table VII.
Subsidised Schools, Rural Districts, 1926.
Address.
Average
Total
Pupils on roll
Atten-
Subsidy
dance.
Paid.
1
Taipo Market (Shung Tak School) Shui Lau Tin.....
169 (8 girls)
146
$833.33
60 (1 girl)
19
720
8
9
10
11
12
B3
Khung Hin Tong
Un Long, L. M. S. Girls' School. Ping Shan (Teacher Wong Kat Wan) Tsuen Wan (Nam Yuen School) Tsuen Wan (Kang Hok School) Tai O, L. M. S, Boys' School Cheung Chau L. M. S. Girls Cheung Chan (Teacher Lo Mo To)... Cheung Chau (Tung Kun School) ... Tai Ping, Lamma
Taipo Market (T. Wong Kun Hing)...
43
34
300
47 (24 girls)
38
180
31 (6 girls)
24
180
77
69
180
62
54
180
46
42
180
48 (42 girls)
43
180
44
41
180
76
71
180
33
30
180
60 (5 girls)
55
180
15
16
14 Shuen Wan (The Yuk Ying School), Luk Kong (Teacher Chan Ka Wan). Sai Kung, R. C. M.
36 (1 girl)
35
180
51 (1 girl)
48
180
43
40
180
17
18
19
20
21
Cheung Chan (Kung Lap School) Taipo Market Girls' (Teacher Chan
Sui Yu)
Tung Tsan Wai. Lok Ma Chau
| San Tin. The Tsung Luen School....... 17
Toi Shan, (Teacher Lo Kei Cheung), 23
75
68
150
43 (43 girls)
22
150
25
22
120
120
21
120
22
Tai Kin Ling..
29
22
120
23
Ying Lung Wai, Un Long
19
15
120
24
San Wai, Ha Chuen........
21 (3 girls)
16
120
25
Ching Shan
46 (15 girls)
27
120
26
Tsuen Wan, L. M. S. Girls'
48 (34 girls)
43
120
27
Sha Lo Wan
16
15
120
28
29
30
Cheung Chau (Teacher Lo Waihing); 13
Tsung Uk Chuen, Lain Chuen........ 15 Teng Kok (Teacher Pang Hon Chu)
11
120
14
120
35
29.
120
31
Tai Long R. C. M.
.. 24
21
120
32
Hang Ha Po....
23 (1 girl)
23
120
33
Lung Yeuk Tau....
17
13
120
34
Lin Ma Hang...
49 (2 girls)
43
120
35
Tai Wai, Sha Tin
36 (5 girls)
29
120
36
Cheung Kwan O
20
17
120
37
38
Hang Hau (Teacher Shing Tai Wa).. Saikung (Teacher Wan Lap Sam)
46
42
120
55
46
39
Tai Wan, Saikung...
40
Teng Ka Wan R. C. M.
25 (3 girls) 18
22
17
227
120
120
120
O 39
Table VII,-Contd.
Subsidised Schools, Rural Districts, 1926.—Continued,
No.
Address
Average
Pupils on roll
Atten-
Total Subsidy
dance.
Paid.
41
Po Toi O Island..
22
42
43
Un Long (Tung Shin Girls' School)... 51 (51 girls) Tsuen Wan (Teacher Sham Kam
36
Cheung)
18
14
Pui ......
29
45

46
Cheung Chau (The Chong WanGirls') 41 (32 girls) Peng Chau, Taipo (Teacher Li Kuk
39
Ping)
26
21
47
Ho Sheung Heung
17 (3 girls)
48
Kam Tin (Shui Tau).
29 (3 girls)
49
Wong Toi Shan (Teacher Tang Tai
Ying
29
50
Tai Tseng
18
51
Ha Chuen (Teacher Yip Hok Pang) 26 (2 girls)
20
ZASES NES
18
$ 120
100
14
100
25
100
100
106
90
20
90
22
90
13
90
90
52
Kwai Chung
33
31
20
53
Chuen Lung, Tsuen Wan.
26
24
90
54
Tai O. L. M. S. Giris
33 (26 girls)
31
90
55
Tong Sheung, Lam Chuen
15
B
90
ثار
Tai Wong Tse
15
D
90
57
Ping Long, Lam Chuen
31 (2 girls)
90
58
Nam Chung (Teacher Li Hui Sang)
30
15
90
59
Hang Hau (Teacher Wan Wai Man)
|
25 (5 girls)
19
90
60
W
Vong Mo Ying R. C. M...........
18
15
90
61

Pak Tam Chung R. C. M.
'21
19
90
62
Leung Shuen Wan East
17
15
90
63
Tai No
18
16
90
64
Lyemun
17
15
90
65
Sang Tin (Teacher Man Yun Kwong), 15
11
60
66
Sheung Chuen
31
25
60
67
Tai Wai, Un Long
15
11
60
68
Sai Pin Wai, Un Long.
43
30
60
69
Shan Pui, Un Long
17
13
60
70
San Chuen, Shui Tsiu
20 (1 girl)
15
60
71
Ping Shan (Teacher Wong Kiu Tsim) 24
23
60
72
Yeung Uk, Wang Chow
16
10
60
73
To Ka Tsz
33
20
60
74
Wong Uk, Wang Chow
15
11
60
75
Tsoi Uk, Wang Chow
13
11
60
76
Ma Wan.....
17
15
60
Tai O (Teacher Pun Tak Shun)
13
10
60
No.
O 40
Table VII,-Contd.
Subsidised Schools, Rural Districts, 1925,-Continued.
Address
Average
Pupils on roll
Atten-
Total Subsidy
dance.
Paid.
78
Tai O R. C. M. Boys...
44
37
$ 60
79
San Tong, Lam Chuen
18-
16
60
80
Wai Tan..
23 (1 gir
20
GO
81
82
83
84
85
Chung Pah Jong
Sheung Shui (Teacher Lin Kwok
Chuen)
Fanling (Teacher Kau View Fong)... Sheung Shui (Teacher Cheung Yu
Ting)
Foh Tan. Sha Tin
13
60
26
24
60
30
25
60
35 (5 girls)
32
60
28
23
60
86
Tseng Lan Shu
22 (3 girls)
20
نانا
Sai King
19
16
60-
88
Taipo Tsai
19
18
60
89
Yim Tin Tsai .
18
17
60
90
Woo Kai Sha
20
19
60
91
Tsoi Uk, Un Long
34
21
50
92
Ping Yeung
IS
15
50
93
91
| Sheung Shui (Teacher Fung Lok-pan)
Sha Tin Tau,
23 (1 girl)
22
50
25
23
50
95
96
Chautau (Teacher Man Cheung-ting) Wing Lung Wai (Teacher Tang Wai-
17 (2 girls)
13
47
man)...
24
97
Kau Wa Kang (Manager Tsang Hiu-
lam ...
18
15
32 (10 girls)
30
45
98
99
Fan Lau Heung (Teacher Li Ngai yat) 15 Mong Tseng (Teacher Cheung Tsz-wa)
15
35
Tsz-wa) 14
12
30
100 | Lung Ku Tan
50
38
30
101
Tai O. R. C. M. Girls
30.(19 girls)
25
30
102
Lo So Shing, Lamma
18
16
30
103 · Wong Nei Au
15
10
30
104
Peng Chau. Taipo
(Teacher Pun Hon-leung).
20
12
30
105
Ma Yau Tong..
13
12
30
106
Nam Wai
29
21
30
107
Chik Kong R. M..
14
B
30
English School :-
Saikung R. C. M.
15
13
360
3262 (359 girls)
2742
/ 11,933.33
* Struck off in October,
i
+༦'ན',ཀ
O 41
Table VIII.
Average Attendance in all Government and Grant Sch
Technical Institute, which was opened in 1908.
Note. The figures prior to 1913 are not very trustworthy.
until that year.
The figures for the New Territories were included in 1913 The University and Police School were not included.
English Schools :-Red.
Vernacular Schools :-Black.
1901. 1902. 1903. 1904. | 1905. | 1906. | 1907. 1908. | 1909. 1910. 1911.
1912. 1913. 18
33,000
32,000
31,000
30,000
29,000
28,000
27,000
26,000!
25,000
24,000
23,000
22,000
21,000
20,000
:
!
41
Table VIII.
ment and Grant Schools, and total enrolment at Private Schools and the was opened in 1908.
not very trustworthy, as there was no right of entry into private schools
were included in 1913 for the first time.
were not included.
1913,
1912. 1913.
1
1914. 1915. 1916. 1917. 1918. 1919. 1920. 1921. 1922. 1923. 1924. 1925.
1914.
23,610
32,953
29,010
28,922
25,484
27,136
58
22,000
21,000
20,000
19,000
18,000
17,000
16,000
15,000
14,000
-5
13,000
..
12,000
11,000
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
8,140
9,863
10,327
12,989
12,0
11,919
6,785
6,442
6,000
6,100 6,065
*5,752
5,582
5,420
5,527
5.230.
5,000
5,096
4,580
4,660
4,540 4,430
4,630
4,610
4,490
4,000
3,970
3,680
3,375 3,215
13,000
2,900
7,
7,462
27
25
12,989
582
11,919
6,412
12,092
.13,230
15,461
16,641
16,582
18,915
9,792
9,145
8,962
8,474
7,873
7,764
7,462
11,672
13,730
13,442
14,980
10,218
10,153
1
O 43
Table IX.
UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG
Matriculation and Local Examinations, 1926.
Matriculation & Senior Local
Junior Local
School.
Passed
Matric. Senior
Iatric.
2 48
St. Joseph's College Queen's College Wah Yan College St. Stephen's College St. Paul's College Diocesan Boys' School Tutorial Institute Educational Institute... Sacred Heart School St. George's School Ceutral British School
Docksin School
Belilios Public School
St. Stephen's Girls' College
Diocesan Girl's School
Italian Convent
St. Mary's School
French Convent
Private Study... Shanghai... Soekaradja Semarang Batavia
10
16
14
00
Penang
Singapore
Canton
Total,

Abs. Failed Passed Abs. Failed
2
28
29
32
22
29
32
18
8
10
2
16
3
14
11
22
19.
15
10
6
6
38
17
il
3
12 - 09 10 21 1O 1OSFE~;::
12306
12
I
I
14
6
14
6
121
3
:
2 2
3
68
7 138
232
9
266
- O 44
Table X.
Revenue and Expenditure of the Technical Institute for 1926.
Revenue.
Expenditure.
$
C.
$
C.
Students' Fees received,
Cost to Government,
4,477.25* 7,294.08
Lecturers and Staff,
10,934.37
Electric Fans & Light,
154.78
Equipment of Classes,
100.90
Examiners' Fees,
430.00
Incidental Expenses,
151.28
Total,
$ 11,771.33
Total, ......
11,771.33
Comparative Table: Technical Institute.
1922.
1923.
1924.
1925.
1926.
Expenditure,
$9.333.59 $11,338.26 $12,721.86 $12,224.81 $11,771.33
Revenue,
$2,746.00 $3,298.50
$3,651.00 $3,963.00 $4.477.25
Cost to Government,
No. of Pupils,
$6,587.59 $8,039.76
495
$9,070.86 $8,261.81
$7,294.08
526
597
580
460
Average Cost per pupil,
$13.31
$15.28 $ 15.19
$14.24 $ 15.86
* Fees amounting to $66 were refunded to Men and Women Teachers who succeeded in passing the December Examination. The $15.86 is before the refund of $66.
✪ 45
Table XI
THE LUGARD SCHOLARSHIP.
Income and Expenditure Account for the year ending
31st December, 1926.
Income
$ c.
Expenditure
C.
To Balance from 1925. 949.05 By Scholarships
420.00
Income from
""
Cheque Book
2.50
Investments
490.00
37
>"
Interest on Current
Account
Balance, Cash at
Bank
.1,031.83
15.28
$1,454.33
$1,454.33
Balance Sheet, 31st December, 1926.
Liabilities.
$

Capital
Assets.
C.
10,531.83 On Fixed Deposit with Hong Kong & Shang-
$10,531.83
hai Bank
Hong Kong War Loan
Bonds (in custody of Hong Kong and
8,000.00
Shanghai Bank) 1,500.00 Cash at Bank, in
Current Account ... 1,031.83
$10,531.83
E. RALPHS,
Inspector of English Schools.

O 46
Fable XII.
QUEEN'S COLLEGE.
Morrison Scholarships-Senior and Junior
Income and Expenditure Account for the year ending
December 31, 1926.
Expenditure
$ C.
Income
$ c.
To Scholarships
450.00 By Balance from 1925. 3,180.83
19
Balance, (cash
at bank)
Income from
"J
4,099.40
Dock, Lands
and Electrics
Bank Interest
1,337.50 31.07
$4,549.40
$4,549.40
Balance Sheet, December 31, 1926.
Liabilities.
C.
Assets.
$ c.
Capital
32,709.40 52 "Dock" Shares
@ $423
2,210.00
100 "Land" Shares
@ $54
5,400.00
375 "Electric" Shares
@ $56
.21,000.00
Cash at Bank
4,099.40
$32,709.40
$32.709.40
E. RALPHS,
Inspector of English Schools.
Appendix Q.
REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC WORKS FOR THE YEAR 1926.
Expenditure.
1. The amounts voted, as compared with those actually expended by the Department under the various headings, were as follows:
Amount voted.
In Estimates.
Supplement- ary Votes.
Total.
Actual Expendi- ture.
$
$
$
(i) Personal Emoluments | and Other Charges,
1,429,207.00
(IA) Special Expenditure,
946.00
830,00 1,430,037.00 1,247,918.89
946.00
946.00
(ii) Annually Recurrent
Works,
1,199,700.00
919,340.00 | 2,149,040.00 || 1,822,816.80
(iii) Extraordinary Works, 4,988,500.00 2,121,706.00 | 7,110,206.00 4,720,000.19
Less amount met out of
savings,
7,617,407.00 3,072,822.00 10,690,229.00| 7,791,681,88
121,000.00 121,000.00
Total,. .$ | 7,617,407.00 2,951,822.00 10,569,229,00| 7,791,681.88
Detailed Statements of (ii) and (iii) are given in Annexes A and B.
With regard to (i), the saving is due partly to higher rate of exchange than that at which the sterling salaries in the Estimates were converted, and partly to vacant posts not having been filled during the year.
In the case of (ii), savings occurred on the subheads as set forth below:·
HONG KONG.
Buildings.
Improvements to Buildings, Maintenance of Lighthouses,
$10,250.97 4,290.62
Expenditure.
Q 2
Communications.
Maintenance to Roads and Bridges in City, Improvements to Roads and Bridges in City, Maintenance of Roads and Bridges Outside City, Maintenance of Telephone including all Cables,
Drainage.
Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, etc.,
...
$ 7,762.05 727.59 19,025.36 820.79
1,181.71
Lighting.
Gas Lighting, City, Suburbs, and Hill District, Electric Lighting, City, Hill District, and Shaukiwan,
13,058.09
2,929.68
Extension of Lighting
6.21
Miscellaneous.
Maintenance of Public Cemetery,
1,528.85
Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,
12.74
Maintenance of Public Recreation Grounds,
1,153.39
Dredging Foreshores,
451.77
Stores Depreciation,
53.09
Boundary Stones,
1,292.00
Survey of Colony,
1,041.09
Waterworks.
Maintenance of City and Hill District,
4,121.12
Maintenance of Shaukiwan,
45.60
Maintenance of Aberdeen,
32.45
Maintenance of Repulse Bay,
537.84
Water Account, (Meters),
7,417.32
KOWLOON.
Buildings.
Maintenance of Buildings,
7,891.36
Improvements to Buildings,
8,015.74
Communications.
Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,
6,155.95
Improvements to Roads and Bridges,
2,259.94
Maintenance of Telephones,
485.27
Drainage.
Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,
3,512.64
Gas Lighting,
Electric Lighting,
Lighting.
Extensions of Lighting,
Miscellaneous.
Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers, Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries, Maintenance of Recreation Grounds,
NEW KOWLOON.
Expenditure.
$ 7,382.80 2,133.95 768.33
58.13
319.98
2.62
Buildings.
Maintenance of Buildings,
6,699.58
Improvements to Buildings,
1,479.65
Communications.
Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,
681.90
Maintenance of Telephones,
136.20
Drainage.
Maintenance. of Sewers, Nullahs &c.,
1,178.53
Lighting.
Electric Lighting, Shamshuipo,
1,090.30
Miscellaneous.
Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,
100.00
Waterworks.
Maintenance of Laichikok,
Water Account, (Meters, &c.),
70.94
551.59
NEW TERRITORIES.
Buildings.
Maintenance of Buildings,
6,572.97
Improvements to Buildings,
2.093.46
Communications.
Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,
2,904.46
Improvements to Roads and Bridges,
1,724.04
Maintenance of Telephones,
376.95
Expenditure..
Q 4
Drainage.
Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,
$ 253.92
Miscellaneous.
Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,
100.00
Waterworks.
Maintenance of Fanling,
Maintenance of Taipo,
Water Account, (Meters, &c.),
551.46
25.34
1,395.80
The savings were far more than counterbalanced by excesses on other subheads as set forth below:-
HONG KONG.
Buildings.
Maintenance of Buildings,
1,547.22
Communications.
Improvements to Roads and Bridges outside City, .
5,994.63
Miscellaneous.
Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,
Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,
KOWLOON.
2,719.85
606,084.21
Miscellaneous.
Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,..
69,070.23
Waterworks.
Maintenance of Waterworks,
Water Account, (Meters, &c.),
10,445.92
2,411.89
NEW KOWLOON.
Miscellaneous.
Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,
NEW TERRITORIES.
Miscellaneous.
Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,
21,260.66
48,395.07
Expenditure.
(iii). The considerable saving under this head was due to some works, for which substantial sums were allocated, not being proceeded with during the year and in other cases to less progress being made than was anticipated.
The former include:

Temporary Barracks for Police "Harbour View", Hong
Kong.
Cadet Quarters, Canton. Wanchai Road Widening.
Road from Causeway Bay to North Point.
Wongneichong Development,-Road Construction. Bonham Road,-Improvements and Widenings.
Access Road to War Memorial Nursing Home, Stubbs
Road.
Access Road to Q.B.I.L. 14.
Service Path from Magazine Gap to serve site South of
"Thorpe Manor".
Tsat Tsz Mui Quarry.
Repulse Bay Water Supply.
Kowloon Bay, West,-Reclamation.
Forming and Levelling area in Tai Shek Ku Valley.
Public Latrines and Urinals, New Kowloon.
Main Sewer from Fuk Tsun Heung to Taipo Road.
Filtering Plant and erection, New Kowloon.
Road from Tsun Wan to Gin Drinkers' Bay, New
Territories.
Fanling Waterworks.
Gin Drinkers' Bay Development,-Water Mains.
Under the latter category are found:
D'Aguilar,-Erection of Quarters for Officers. Bonham Road School.
Latrines, Urinals and Bath houses, Hong Kong. Shaukiwan Road, Improvements in
Village.
Tai Hang Development,-Road Construction.
Queen's Road, East,-Widening to 60 feet.
Hong Kong Roads,-General Works.
Shaukiwan
Wongneichong Nullah, Section No. 1, from near Blue
Pool to existing nullah.
Hong Kong Drainage,-General Works.
Improving Storm Water Drains, Western District.
Reinstatement of Government Retaining Walls.
Compensation and Resumptions, Hong Kong.
Eastern District Filter Beds.
Bowen Road, Filter Beds,--Conversion. Tvtam Tuk Scheme,-Engine and Boilers.
Miscellaneous Waterworks, Hong Kong.
New Main Roads, Kowloon.
Ma Tau Chung District, Storm Water Drainage. Main Sewer from Fuk Tsun Heung. to Kaulungtong,
East of Railway.
Drainage, General Works, Kowloon.
Expenditure.
Compensation and Resumptions, Kowloon.
New Main Roads, New Kowloon.
Kaulungtong Development Area, Stormwater Drains. Kaulungtong Development Scheme, Excavation and
Filling.
Filling in large area at Kowloon City.
Shek Lei Pui Reservoir and Contingent Works. New Bridge and Road Diversion at Taipo, to replace
the Bridge washed away in 1925.
Quarry Bay School.
Water Supply to certain lots at Deep Water Bay. Underground Cable Scheme, 2nd Section, Kowloon. Buildings for Magnetic Instruments at Au Tau.
Comparison of Expenditure, 1925 and 1926.
2. The following is a statement of the expenditure in 1926 as compared with that of the previous year:
1925.
1926.
Increase. Decrease.
(i) Personal Emoluments
and Other Charges,
(A) Special Expenditure, (ii) Annually Recurrent
Works,
C.
1,346.091.10 1,247,918.89.
(..
(.
c.
98,172.21
77,973.11
78,919.11 :
946.00
!
1,574,431.75 | 1,822,816.80 248,385.05
(iii) Extraordinary Works,! 8,638,930.87 · 4,720,000.19
3,918,930.68
Total, $ 11,638,372.83 7,791,681.88 248,385.05 4,095,076.00
Item (i)-The decrease is due to reduction of staff and general economies on Other Charges.
The average rate of exchange for 1926 was 2/11 as compared with 2/4 for 1925.
Item (ii).-The increase is mostly due to reinstatements after rainstorm damage caused by the exceptional storm which occurred on the 19th July, 1926, this alone accounts for an increase of $469,178 over the expenditure on the same item the previous year.
The other increases are $967 and $435 on Drainage and Miscellaneous, Hong Kong; and $21,179, $760 and $2,861 on Communications, Lighting and Miscellaneous, Kowloon, respectively; and $251 on Drainage, New Territories.
That the actual aggregate increase is only $248,385.05 is due to decreases of $96,875, $33,236 and $26,583 on Buildings, Hong Kong, Kowloon and New Territories; $25,618 and $12,323 on Communications, Hong Kong and New Territories; $1,478 on Lighting, Hong Kong; $2,087 on Drainage, Kowloon; and $54,968 and $1,952 on Waterworks. Hong Kong, and New Territories.
Q 7
Expenditure.
Item (iii).-The decrease is due to economies effected, owing to the unusual local conditions which, as in 1925, prevailed during 1926, and consequently works, for which substantial sums had been provided, were not proceeded with during the year.
The decreases, which were effected on the majority of the Votes, amount to $4,038,895, while the increases, occurring on a few Votes, amount to $119,965 giving an aggregate decrease of $3,918,930.68.
The expenditure on Hong Kong, Kowloon and New Terri- tories was $1,651,050, $886,595 and $1,726,928, representing decreases of $1,855,661, $886,305 and $995,463 respectively.
For the purpose of comparison New Kowloon has been included under New Territories in the above figures.
The expenditure on Votes not appearing in the Estimates for the year is $463,045 as compared with $637,230 for 1925, representing a decrease of $174,185.
The recovery in 1926 of previous year's expenditure was $7,617.24 as against $301.36 in 1925 making a further decrease of $7,316 in expenditure as compared with 1925.
COMPARISON OF EXPENDITURE ON PUBLIC WORKS DURING 1916-1926.
Year.
Personal Emoluments and Other Charges.
Special Annually Extraordinary Total Expendi- Recurrent
ture.
Works.
Works. Expenditure.
C.
C.
C.
C.
c.
1916
400,934.11
271.33
1917
402,772.20
1918 374,906.32
296.30
624,872,51 1,246,871.75 609,308.45 1,612,835.28 712,675.37 1,578,149.12
2,272,949.70
2,624,915,93
2,666,027,11
1919
390,006.29 1920 468,371.82
1,376,35
822,509.87 2,235,002.95
3,448,895.46
1921
650,900.00
1922
820,529.49
1923
900,573.35
1924 ·
1,184,482.27
615.96 825,493.70 2,555,877.69 699.00 938,582.38 3,053,525.11 4,643,706.49 1,145.40 1,074,646.30 3.575,635.19 5,471.956.38 1.209.36 1,424.532,80 4,716,602.94 7,042,918.45 285.63 1,793,968,69 8,112,785.49 11,091,522.08
3,850,359.17
1925
1,346,091.10
78,919.11
1926
1,247,918.89
1,574,431.75 946.001,822,816.80
8,638,930.8711,638,372.83
4,720,000.19 7,791,681,88
Total...$ 8,187,485 84
85,764.44 12,223,838,62 42,046,216.58 | 62,543,305.48
Expenditure.
8
REVENUE FROM WATERWORKS.
3. Waterworks Revenue.-The following is a statement of the revenue derived from Waterworks in 1926, the figures for 1925 being given in a parallel column for purposes of com- parison:
1926.
Excess Con- sumption.
Rate
1925 Total.
Total.
2%.
$
C.
$ C.
City : including Wongnei-
chong Village and
properties bordering
Shaukiwan Road,
298,778.72
378,492.10
677,270.82
698,407.47
Hill District,
14,856.78
9,955.36
24.812.14
28,839.96
Pokfulam District,
9,630.19
9,630.19
8,692.64
Kowloon: including Sham-
shuipo and Kowloon
City,
111,184.16
110,427.09
221,611.25
228,801.16
Aberdeen,
3,664.59
1,521.67
5,186.26
5,214.98
Repulse Bay,
3,240.35
3,240.35
3,453.18
Shaukiwan,
Taitam Tuk,
8,388.21
8,477.78
16,866.02
15,222.74
1.05
1.05
117.55
Laichikok,
Fanling,
Taipo
Total,
18,844.75
18,844.75
45,072,00
2,618.67
2,618.67
2,543.50
471.51
471.51
373.32
471,679.0! 508,874.00
980,553.01 1,036,738.50
COMPARISON OF WATERWORKS REVENUE 1925 & 1926.
City (as above stated),
Hill District,
Pokfulam District,
Kowloon,
Aberdeen,
Repulse Bay,
Shaukiwan,
Tytam Tuk,
Laichikok,
Fanling,
Taipo,
1925.
$698,407.47
1926. $677,270.82
28,839.96
24,812.14
8,692.64
9,630.19
228,801.16
221,611.25
5,214.98
5,186.26
3,453.18
3,240.35
15,222.74
16,866.02
117.55
1.05
45,072.00
18,844.75
2,543.50
2,618.67
373.32
471.51
$1,036,738.50
$980,553.01
:
:
:
:
:
:
9
Land Sales.
Land Sales, &c.
4. Land Sales, Extensions, Grants etc.,-The total amount of premia paid into the Treasury during the year was $325,569.79 of which $5,458.25 was derived from fees for boundary stones.
The estimate for the year was $500,000.00.
The following is a comparative statement of the Revenue derived from Land Sales, etc., for the years 1924-1926 : ---

1924.
1925.
1926.
C.
c.
Sales by Auction
736,916.00
211,797.00
30,370.50
Sales without Auction
468,282.26
155,467.93
55,761.18
Extensions granted
464,412,55
89,662,78
112,449.79
Grants on Nominal Terms
Grants on Short Leases...
Extensions of Short Period Leases to 75
years
20,800.00
Premia derived from Sale of Rights to
erect piers
18,846.00
233,00
1,280.00
Fees for Boundary Stones to define Lots Conversions and Exchanges
7,173.25
6,593.25
6,515.50
185,605.14
77,746,93
94,334.20
Total,
.$1,881,235.20
541,500,89
321,511.17.
Actual amount of premia paid into
Treasury
1,950,812.38 581,160,88 325,569.79
The difference between the above totals is accounted for by the payment of premium and interest in 1926, and of contribu- tions to forming sewers, &c., in connection with certain transac- tions arranged during the previous year; and also failure to pay premium on transactions during 1926, refunds and re-adjust-
ments.
5. Sales by Auction.-Three lots were sold in Hong Kong and two in New Kowloon which realized $24,960 and $1,905 respectively. No lots were sold in Kowloon during the year.
The District Officer (South) sold five lots which realized $376.00 and the District Officer (North) sold 164 lots which realized $3,129.50.
Land Sales, &c.
10
6. Sales without Auction.-Six lots were sold under this heading in Hong Kong and realized $51,696.40. An additional sum of $24,330 on Inland Lot No. 2456 was paid in respect of permission being granted for waiving certain special conditions of sale. A sum of $5,000 being contribution towards forming sewers in respect of Rural Building Lot 200 was also received during the year. There was no sale under this heading in Kow- loon. Only one lot was sold in the New Territories which realized $2,610.
The District Officer (South) sold seventeen lots which realized $268.60 and the District Officer (North) sold 58 lots which realized $1,186.18.
7. Extensions granted.-The extensions granted in Hong Kong comprised additional areas to Inland Lots Nos. 2352, 2353, 1946, 692, 2074, 1572, 2335, 2218, 2296, 2611, 2345, 156, 2429, and 2380 Sec., A, and R. P.; Marine Lot No. 289; Rural Build- ing Lots Nos. 188, 250, 164, 202, 299, 302, 303, 304, 247, 309, and 57; Shaukiwan Inland Lots Nos. 477, 508, and 500; and Aberdeen Inland Lots Nos. 101, 98, 66, 99, 43, 54, and 100.
In Kowloon, extensions were granted to Kowloon Inland Lots Nos. 1426, 1292, 2058, 1526, 1472, 1468, and 1652; Kowloon Marine Lots Nos. 46, 96, 95, 28, and 27; and Hung Hom Inland Lot No. 256.
In New Kowloon and the New Territories extensions were granted to New Kowloon Inland Lots Nos. 318 and 615.
The District Officer (South) granted extensions to six lots and the District Officer (North) extensions to nine lots.
Land Sales, &c.
8. Conversions and Exchanges.
Areas leased by Government.
Areas surrendered to and premium received by or due to Government.
Description of Property.
Area in sq. ft.
Description of Property.
Amount of
Premium.
Hong Kong.
Inland Lot 2498...
930
in exchange for
Wong Nei Chong Lot No. 67.
853.00
2499...
930
do.
69..
1,009.00
>1
2500...
930
do.
71...
889.00
23
2501...
930
do.
72...
951.00
"
2502...
930
do.
76...
927.00
"}
2503...
930
do.
83...
858.00
""
""
2504...
930
do.
84...
969.00
>>
2506...
845
do.
88...
764.00
"
""
2507...
890
do.
89...
795.00
""
25,08..
935
do.
91..
857.00
""
2509...
980
do.
96..
1,008.00
"
"}
2510...
1,025
do.
97..
902.00
"}
2511...
1,070
do.
104....
1,143.00
2512...
1,115
do.
105..
1,125.00
"}
2513...
1,160
do.
107...
1,014.00
}}
2514...
1,060
do.
108..
983.00
**
2515...
890
do.
111...
832.00
""
2516...
935
do.
113...
1,129.00
""
19
2517...
980
do.
116..
904.00
8. Conversions and Exchanges,-Continued.
Areas surrendered to and premium received by or due to Government.
Land Sales, &c.
12 -
Areas leased by Government.
Amount of
Description of Property.
Area in sq. ft.
Description of Property.
Premium.
$
Hong Kong,-Continued.
Inland Lot 2518...
1,025
in exchange for
Wong Nei Chong Lot No. 118...
1,315.00
...
do.
120...
1,484.00
2519...
1,070
do.
8...
730.00
2527...
930
2528...
930
do.
"
"
12...
823.00
do.
37..
921.00
2530...
930
2531...
930
do.
38...
653.00
""
2532...
930
do.
44...
959.00
2533...
930
do.
45...
673.00
2534...
930
do.
51...
943.00
2535...
930
do.
55...
913.00
梦章
""
2537...
930
do.
93...
817.00
2538...
930
do.
94...
851.00
2541...
5,580
do.
Aplichau Marine Lot 27
2,970
do.
Wong Nei Chong Lots Nos. 19, 21, 46, 52, 110, 112, 117 and 33

Applichau Marine Lots 3 R.P.
•••
4,236.00
Rural Building Lot 16
1,325
do.
& 18 Secs. A & B An area coloured green on plan
110.40
...
159.00
Inland Lot 2566...
930
do.
Wong Nei Chong Lot No. 49...
968.00
2568...
930
do.
74...
955.00
2569...
930
do.
109...
913.00
""
2616...
6,292
do.
Inland Lot No. 1212
13
Land Sales, &c.
8. Conversions and Exchanges,-Continued.
Areas leased by Government.
Areas surrendered to and premium received by or due to Government.
Description of Property.
Area in sq. ft.
Description of Property.
Amount of
Premium.
Kowloon.
$
Kowloon Inland Lot 1876*
1,860
in exchange for
2013
930
do.
>>
1742
930
do.
""
1688
930
do.
1689
2,790
do.
Ma Tau Kok Lots 6 & 8... To Kwa Wan Lot 187 Hok Un Lot 54
To Kwa Wan Lot 171 San Shan Lot 14
902.25
213.00
225.00
472.50
142.50
""
1826
930
do.
Shek Shan Lot 29
321.00
1744
930
do.
Hok Un Lot 52
1743
930
do.
53.
150.00
1871
930
do.
Shek Shan Lot 3
63.00
1882
930
do.
17
539.00
1855
1,860
do.
19
""
""
1884
930
do.
27
445.00
""
""
1881*
930
do.
16
379.00
13
""
1889
930
""
do.
28
170.00
1827
3,720
do.
30
474.00
1761
930
do.
San Shan Lot 10 R.P.
556.50
1785
930
do.
10 Sec. A
342.00
1786
930
""
do.
10 Sec. B
475.50
1772
930
do.
""
To Kwa Wan Lot 144 R.P. (House No. 172)
392.25
Land Sales, &c.
14
8. Conversions and Exchanges,--Continued.
Areas leased by Government.
Areas surrendered to and premium received by or due to Government.
Description of Property.
Area in sq. ft.
Description of Property.
Amount of
Premium.
Kowloon,-Continued.
Kowloon Inland Lot 1771
930
in exchange for
1958
1,891
do.
1917
930
do.
"1
1848*
930
do.
1966
945
do.
2000
930
do.
1962*
930
do.
1956
945
do.
To Kwa Wan Lots 139 and portion of To Kwa Wan Lot 144 (House No. 171). San Shan Lot 15 Ma Tau Chung Lot 35
"
San Shan Lot 9 R.P. To Kwa Wan Lot 113 Ma Tau Kok Lot 9 R.P. San Shan Lot 8
19.50
8.25
337.50
29
222.00
360.00
...
318.75
288.75
すす
1875
930
do.
Ma Tau Chung Lot 34
289.50
1934
945
do.
1935
945
do.
San Shan Lot 13 Sec. A 13 R.P.
441.00
256.50
↑↑
1957
1,038
do.
16
1870
930
do.
Ma Tau Chung Lot No. 28
270.00
1965
945
do.
San Shan Lot 9 Sec. A
363.75
1873*
930
do.
Ma Tau Chung Lot 32 (House No. 43)
315.00
1799
930
do.
Shek Shan Lot No. 4 Sec. A..
411.00
1906
1,860
do.
Ma Tau Chung Lot No. 36
354.00
15
Land Sales, de
8. Conversions and Exchanges,-Continued.
Areas leased by Government.
Areas surrendered to and premium received by or due to Government.
Description of Property.
Area in sq. ft.
Description of Property.
Amount of Premium.
Kowloon,- Continued. Kowloon Inland Lot 1860
1,860
in exchange for
1722
930
do.
1713*
930
do.
Ma Tau Chung Lot No, 18 To Kwa Wan Lots 19 & 20 Shek Shan Lot No. 10
457.50
97.50
465.00
...
''
1952
930
do.
2
}}
1846
1,860
do.
18
1841*
930
do.
26
720.00
13
1849
930
do.
To Kwa Wan Lot No. 72
260.00
2003*
930
do.
82
462.00
"}
2050
2,454
do.
Kowloon Inland Lot 1255 R.P.
& To Kwa Wan Lots 61 & 66
17.50
1879
930
do.
"?
2023
930
do.
1877
930
do.
Ma Tau Chung Lot No. 14 To Kwa Wan Lot No. 160 Ma Tau Kok Lot No. 16...
216.75
454.50
1904
930
do.
""
1716
8,706
do.
""
1909
930
do.
""
1874
930
do.
Ma Tau Chung Lot No. 19 Kowloon Inland Lot 1016 Ma Tau Chung Lot No. 26 Ma Tau Chung Lot No. 32 (House No. 44)
37.50
285.00
262.50
1868
3,720
do.
Ma Tan Chung Lot No. 23
288 73
""
Land Sales, &c.
16
8. Conversions and Exchanges,-Continued
Areas leased by Government.
Areas surrendered to and premium received by or due to Government.
Description of Property.
Area in sq. ft.
Description of Property.
Amount of
Premium.
Kowloon,--Continued.
Kowloon Inland Lot 1752
3,720
in exchange for
1732*
930
do.
1907
1,860
do.
""
1830*
930
do.
,;
1902
930
do.
1794*
1,860
do.
1933
930
do.
Kowloon Inland Lot 1211 Ma Tau Kok Lot No. 12 San Shan Lot No. 17 Ma Tau Kok Lot No. 35...
Ma Tau Chung Lots 21 & 33...
391.50
...
35.25
510.00
5...
33 & 36
513.00
522.75
S
1825*
930
do.
Ma Tau Kok Lot No. 32
393.75
gy
1733
1,860
do.
Shek Shan Lot No. 8,
360.00
""
1782
930
do.
To Kwa Wan Lot No. 33
157.50
1712
930
do.
118
382.50
11
1896
930
do.
19
1738*
930
do.
1905
1,860
do.
Shek Shan Lot No. 1 To Kwa Wan Lot No. 27 Kowloon Inland Lot 813
345.00
150.00
2015
1,860
do.
1209
889.00
"$
1731
930
do.
Hok Un Lot No. 78
39
1850*
930
do.
Ma Tau Kok Lots Nos. 24 & 25
21.00
""
1729
930
do.
To Kwa Wan Lot No. 43.
570.00
1927
1,860
do.
San Shan Lots 6 & 7
894.00
8. Conversions and Exchanges,-Continued
Areas leased by Government.
Areas surrendered to and premium received by or due to Government.
Description of Property.
Area in sq. ft.
Description of Property.
Amount of
Premium.
Kowloon,-Continued.
$
17
Land Sales, &c.
Kowloon Inland Lot 1770
930
in exchange for
Ma Tau Kok Lot No. 27
345.00
1835
930
do.
34
545.25
"J
1769
930
do.
"
""
26
228.75
""
1730
930
do.
To Kwa Wan Lot No. 49
505.50
""
1754
3,720
do.
Kowloon Inland Lots 921, 922,
923, 924 & 925
440.00
1763
1,640
do.
Kowloon Inland Lots 802 & 805
335.00
"}
1718
2,170
do.
Kowloon Inland Lots 839, 848,
849 & 917
287.50
1720*
1,860
do.
Kowloon Inland Lots 799 & 801
900.00
>>
1721*
1,860
do.
189
900.00
""
""
2017
1,860
do.
To Kwa Wan Lots Nos. 23 &
,,
60
628.50
...
1717
930
22
do.
Kowloon Inland Lot 800
450.00
1756
930
""
do.
708
1741
930
do.
To Kwa Wan Lots 41 & 42
291.00
""
1739
''
3,720
do.
To Kwa Wan Lots 6, 14, 18,
21, 26, 30, 46 & 47
267.00
1715
930
do.
To Kwa Wan Lots 129
559.50
>>
1714.
930
do.
95
327.75
Land Sales, &c.
Q 18
8. Conversions and Exchanges,-Continued.
Areas leased by Government.
Areas surrendered to and premium received by or due to Government.
Description of Property.
Area in sq. ft.
Description of Property.
Amount of
Premium.
Kowloon,-Continued.
Kowloon Inland Lot 1776
930
in exchange for
Kowloon Inland Lot 704
450.00
1747
1,860
do.
Kowloon Inland Lots 185 R.P.
""
& 191
...]
1748
3,720
do.
Kowloon Inland Lots 746, 747,
""
810, 811 & 812
687.50
1753
1,860
do.
Kowloon Inland Lot 193
900.00
วง
1781
1,860
do.
194
900.00
2064
4,650
do.
To Kwa Wan Lot No.
74 & 100|
1,617.16
""
1755
930
do.
Kowloon Inland Lot 857
1,575.00
">
1746
2,790
do.
Kowloon Inland Lots 738, 864,
""
873 & 874
225.00
1740
1,860
do.
Kowloon Inland Lots 700, 703
& 865
537.50
1768
3,720
do.
Kowloon Inland Lots 790, 791,
792 & 794
237.50
...
...
1977
1,061
do.
""
1973
1,061
do.
""
2084
1,064
do.
1827
Hok Ün Lot No. 25..
Kowloon Inland Lot 1879
(This sum is due to Govern- ment for alteration of posi- tion of this lot.)
60.75
27...
63.00
366.50
1846
""
30.00
400.00
8. Conversions and Exchanges,-Continued.
Areas leased by Government.
Areas surrendered to and premium received by or due to Government.
Description of Property.
Area in sq. ft.
Description of Property.
Amount of
Premium.
19
Land Sales, &c.
New Kowloon.
New Kowloon Inland Lot 1041.
1,080
in exchange for
Lot 5192 Sec. A, S.D. I...
644.00
638.
"
2,066
do.
Lot 5411 R.P., S.D. I
624.
2,066
do.
Lots 5406, 5407, 5408 & 5409
S.D. I
758.00
567.
3,240
do.
Lots 5206 & 5228 Sec. A, S.D.
I
469.50
531.
2,160
do.
Lot 5147, S.D. I
313.50
527.
1,080
do.
Lot 5193, S.D. I
156.75
576.
1,080
do.
>>
Lot 5228 R.P., S.D. I
431.25
955.
1,080
do.
Lot 5380 S.D. I
209.00
561.
""
1,080
do.
Lot 5071, S.D. I
483.00
558.
""
1,080
do.
Lot 5060, S.D. I
483.00
1082.
""
7,560
do.
Lots 2072, 2075 & 3179, S.D.
IV
1,289,79
998.*
""
1,080
do.
Lot 5411, Sec. A, R.P., S.D. I'
796.85
:
8. Conversions and Exchanges,—Continued.
Areas leased by Government.
Areas surrendered to and premium received by or due to Government.
Description of Property. Area in sq. ft.
Description of Property.
Amount of
Premium.
Land Sales, &c.
New Kowloon,-Continued.
New Kowloon Inland Lot 1083.
892
in exchange for
Lots 196, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 206, 209, 213 &
!
214, S.D. IV
357.00
952.
1,080
do.
Lot 5361 Sec. B., S.D. I
209.00
560.
1,080
do.
Lots 5050 & 5051, S.D. I
208.00
535.
3,240
do.
Lot 5136, S.D. I
566.
1,080
do.
Lot 5244, S.D. I
483.00
553.*
1,080
do.
Lot 5179, S.D. I
483.00
Lots 2019, 2020 & 2021, S.D.
575.
1,080
do.
IV
104.20
935.
1,080
do.
Lot 5035, S.D. I
644.00
...
643.
1,080
do.
Lot 5062, S.D. I
209.00
29
943.
1,080
do.
Lot 5046, S.D. I
644.00
Lots 3175, 3176, 3177 & 3178,
574.
8,370
do.
675.
930
do.
642.
930
do.
은응은
S.D. IV
Lot 5068, S.D. I
59.00
Lot 5245, S.D. I
494.00
...
8. Conversions and Exchanges,-Continued.
Areas leased by Government.
Areas surrendered to and premium received by or due to Government.
Description of Property.
Area in sq. ft.
Description of Property.
Amount of
Premium.
21
Land Sales, &c.
New Kowloon,-Continued.
New Kowloon Inland Lot 657.
930
in exchange for
Lot 5101, S.D. I
494.00
660.
930
do.
Lot 5256, S.D. I
"494.00
"}
658.
930
do.
Lot 6425, S.D. I
59.00
659.
930
do.
Lot 5173, S.D. I
59.00
548.
930
do.
Lot 6275 Sec. A, S.D. I...
370.50
950.
1930
do.
Lot 6432, S.D. I
494.00
""
644.
1930
do.
Lot 5042, S.D. I
494.00
19
545.
930
do.
Lot 6275 R.P. S.D. I
370.50
...
"
>>
1093.
3,100
do.
Lots 5198, 5205, 5231 & 6052,
""
S.D. I
1,623.00
978.
930
do.
Lot 5171, S.D. I
494.00
}}
977.
930
do.
Lot 5240, S.D. I
494.00
676.
930
do.
Lot 5056, S.D. I
494.00
...
"}
673.
930
do.
Lot 5030, S.D. I
494.00
...
671.
930
do.
Lot 5048, S.D. I
494.00
19
Land Sales, &c.
8. Conversions and Exchanges,-Continued
Areas leased by Government.
Arcas surrendered to and premium received by or due to Government.
Description of Property. Area in sq. ft.
Amount of
Description of Property.
Premium.
22
New Kowloon Inland Lot 672.
951.
664.
984.
500.
1079.
1030.
1027.
New Kowloon,-Continued.
11
11
930
930
TIT
A
930
1,860
in exchange for
do.
Lot 6088, S.D. I
do.
do.
7,560
do.
1,860
do.
Lot 5164, S.D. I Lot 6352, S.D. I Lot 5254, S.D. I Lot 5086, S.D. I Lot 12, S.D. I
494.00
553.00
494.00
494.00
27.00
930
do.
930
do.
Lots 5386, & 5387, S.D. I Lots 4, 6, 7 & 9, S.D. I
364.00
The District Officer (North) arranged the exchanges and conversions of 70 lots, and 13 lots were likewise dealt with by the District Officer (South) particulars of which will be found in the Land Officer's report.
Lots marked thus* were re-entered upon either for non-payment of premium or breach of Conditions of Exchange.
Q 23
Land Sales, &c.
9. Grants on Nominal Terms.-There is nothing to report under this heading in Hong Kong and New Kowloon.
An area of 3,172 square feet known as Kowloon Inland Lot No. 2051 was granted for a term of 75 years only, for District Watchmen's Quarters.
An area of 20,000 square feet known as Kowloon Inland Lot No. 2059 was granted to the Chinese Anglican Church Body for a term of 75 years renewable for a further term of 75 years, for the purposes of a Church and Parsonage.
10. Grants on Short Leases.-There is nothing to report under this heading in Hong Kong and Kowloon.
In New Kowloon 4 lots known as New Kowloon Dairy Farm Lots Nos. 12, 13, 14 and 15 were granted for a term of 10 years.
Three lots were granted on 5 years' leases by the District Officer, (South).
11. Permits to occupy land for Short periods &c.—These were of a very miscellaneous character and too numerous to admit of individual mention; most of them were for small areas on half-yearly or yearly permits.
The number of permits issued during the year in Hong Kong, Kowloon and New Kowloon was about 2,261 and the fees amounted to approximately $126,846.
59 new permits were issued by the District Officer, (South) the fees for which amounted to $221.92.
227 new yearly permits, 25 permits on 5 years and 1 permit on 21 years, were issued by the District Officer (North) the total fees for which amounted to $619.66.
12. Extension of Short Period Leases.-In Hong Kong 6 extensions of short leases were granted to Inland Lots Nos. 2601, 194, 2597, 2598, 2599 and 2602 for a further period of 75 years, renewable, the premium for which was $20,800. These lots were formerly known as Inland Lots 194 Sec. B & 62 Sec. K; Inland Lots 194 R.P. & 62 Sec. H; Inland Lot 198 Sec. A; Inland Lot 198 Sec. B; Inland Lot 198 R.P.; and Inland Lots 194 Sec. C & 62 Sec. J respectively.
There is nothing to report under this heading in Kowloon, New Kowloon and New Territories.
13. Prospecting and Mining Licences.-No prospecting and mining licences were issued for areas in the New Territories during the year.
14. Lease Plans.-Plans and particulars, in duplicate, of 237 lots were prepared and forwarded to the Land Officer in connection with the issue of leases.
Land Sales, &c.
Q 24
15. Naval and Military Lands.-A total area of 6,633 square feet was taken over from Military Authorities for widening Garden Road.
An area of 220 square feet was surrendered by the Naval Authorities for a public purpose.
An area of 327,387 square feet known as part of the Belcher's Battery was, however, transferred back to the Military Authorities.
16. Piers.-In Hong Kong an extension was granted to Permanent Pier No. 8 opposite Marine Lots Nos. 297 and 305 The premium was $1,280 (area 128 square feet).
There is nothing to report under this heading in Kowloon, New Kowloon, and New Territories.
17.
Cemeteries.-The Christian Chinese Cemetery at Kaulung Tong was closed during the year.
18. Re-entries.-15 lots in Hong Kong, 36 lots in Kowloon, 11 lots in New Kowloon, 33 lots in the Southern District and 225 in the Northern District were re-entered during the year.
SURVEYS.
19. Ordnance Survey.-The staff of the Survey Office has to a large extent been concentrated on this work.
The survey of the whole of the City of Victoria has now been completed and during the year 358 acres have been surveyed and 380 acres plotted, the chainage totalling more than 52 miles. Seven sheets have been reduced from a scale of 50 feet to one inch to a scale of 200 feet to one inch. Considerable revision, owing to numerous road improvements, erection of new buildings and reconstruction has yet to be carried out but it is hoped that this will be practically completed during 1927.
A number of traverses were run outside the City to enable the detail work to be carried on in the outlying districts.
One traverse with a chainage of 3,350 feet was run from Mount Nicholson viâ Wong Nei Chong Gap to join up with a main traverse at the junction of Bowen Road and Stubbs Road, and from a station in this traverse at Wong Nei Chong Gap a traverse of 9,866 feet was made along the new Repulse Bay Road to a Trigonometrical station at the junction of this road with the Aberdeen-Repulse Bay Road.
Mount Gough Trigonometrical station was connected with the Peak Trigonometrical station by a traverse of 8,965 feet, and various minor traverses were run in connection with the revision survey of the Peak District.
25
In Kowloon, during the period under review, 410 acres were surveyed of which 388 acres were plotted. Traverses were laid down and permanent marks fixed, the total length of the traverses being 53 miles.
20. Triangulation (minor).-Monuments were erected at Cha Ko Ling, Shaukiwan, Taikoo, Quarry Point and North Point. The side Channel Rocks-Lyemun Rocks (a side in the main triangulation) was used as a base and observations taken from these two points and the stations enumerated above. Wet and cloudy weather came on before the work was quite com- pleted and the final readings were postponed until the Autumn. Unfortunately one of the monuments was carried away by a landslide in July and a large portion of the work done was wasted. A monument has been erected in a new place and at the end of the year the necessary observations were almost completed. New stations were erected at Round Island, Stanley Gap and at the junction of the New Repulse Bay Road with Aberdeen-Repulse Bay Road. These were fixed by observations taken off the main triangulation.
21. Revenue Surveys and General.—Surveys were made for plans to be attached to Crown Leases of 144 lots, the largest being an area of about 46 acres leased by the Hong Kong and Whampoa Dock Company, Ltd., at Hung Hom. Boundaries of 28 lots in Hong Kong and 100 in Kowloon and New Kowloon were defined on the ground for building areas.
Centre lines were laid down for various streets and per- manent marks fixed; boundaries of numerous blocks were set out for the Drainage Department.
In Hong Kong 41 frontage lines to streets were checked and in Kowloon and New Kowloon 105. For the purpose of ascer- taining if sites had been formed to the required levels more than 180 lots were roughly delineated. Permanent marks at intersection points of streets and corners of lots were fixed on that portion of the Praya East Reclamation which has been reclaimed. This work entailed a very accurate traverse of 11,600 feet and numerous check measurements.
22. Boundary Stones.-Boundary Stones were fixed to 120 lots in Hong Kong and 184 Kowloon and New Kowloon. None were fixed in the New Territories.
23. Cemeteries.-The following cemeteries were surveyed and the boundaries defined on the ground by means of reinforced concrete posts:
Shek O Cemetery
Sai Yu Shek Cemetery Cheung Sha Wan Cemetery
Do.
Kowloon Central Cemeteries
an area of 2-3 acres.
33
13 82
16
132
""
23
{
26
In the case of the last, the centre lines of proposed roads running through were set out.
24. New Territories.-The most important surveys carried out in the district were as under:-
A survey of 68 acres at Castle Peak embodying a
chainage of 35,200 feet.
A survey at Au Tau of an area of about 250 acres of
which about 80 acres have been plotted.
A survey of the river between Kam Tin and Au Tau Bridges with a total chainage of about 66,800 square feet.
Many small surveys of a miscellaneous nature were also made, viz. :—for leases, fixing Boundary Stones etc. in con- nection with the requirements of the District Officer (North).
Works Under the Buildings Ordinance.
25. In comparison with the figures published in the annual reports of recent years a further falling off in the number of plans dealing with new buildings has to be recorded. The exodus due to the strike in 1925 automatically adjusted the shortage in housing accommodation which had been acutely felt by the Chinese prior to that event; the resulting fall in rents and the number of houses standing untenanted have checked further speculation in building.
A few cases of reconstruction under the Rents Restriction Ordinance were dealt with early in the year, and on the 30th June this Ordinance lapsed.
There was an increase in the number of plans submitted for "non-domestic" buildings and also in the number of plans. dealing with alterations and improvements to old properties.
Attention is drawn to the graph embodied in this report which is of interest as indicating the number of plans approved and houses certified during the past twenty-one years, and also the rise and fall during the boom in speculation in land and buildings during more recent years.
500
1
300d
|3500||
4000
1571
1263
1116
946
N.B.-BLACK CURVE INDICATES NO. OF PLANS APPROVED
RED CURVE INDICATES NO. OF HOUSES CERTIFIED
1208
1191
1477
1644
1886
1609
1426
1712
1818
2049
12500
2500
2000
2000
500
1500
| 905
114910
07
1400
08
160
+480
1910
495
12
234
13
334
14 312
1 5
333
312
17
18
335
40₫
61
457
1920
415
YEAR
1579
736
no
10
1500
1965
2016
2458
1993
2850
3887
2498
2155
13000
13500
4000
Q 27
B. O. O. Work:
26. Plans. The following is a tabulated statement showing the number of buildings, etc. for which plans were deposited during the year, the figures for 1925 being given in a parallel column for purposes of comparison:
Buildings.
1925.
1926.
Increase. Decrease.
European houses...
201
67
134
Chinese houses,.
475
147
326
Buildings and Structures other
than the above,
171
180
9
Alterations and additions to
existing buildings,
1.631
1,932
301
Verandahs,
322
144
Balconies.
82
38
Sunshades,
35
Areas, Piers,
Wells
51
56
aai ::
178
44
26
Total,........
2,946
2,608
346
684
As already pointed out, the year was marked by the practical cessation of speculative building in the Colony. Apart from local financial stringency, the supply of tenement houses far exceeded the demand and land owners generally evinced re- luctance in fulfilling their building covenants. Many buildings. especially in the Kowloon district, remained in a state of semi-completion throughout the year, and in a number of cases measures had to be taken to remove portions of buildings rendered dangerous by continued exposure to the weather.
In cases, however, where owners were genuinely interested in building as an investment, Government rendered assistance by means of the Trade Loan, and towards the end of the year work was resumed on a great number of lots.
It is noticeable that there was an increase in the number of plans submitted under the heading "Alterations and additions." This was largely due to owners' expenditure on maintenance and improvements of old properties which, in more prosperous times, would have been demolished and rebuilt.
The number of plans deposited during the year was 1,874 as. compared with 1,863 in 1925.
The number of plans approved during the year was 2,155 as compared with 2,636 for 1925.
B. O. 0. Work.
27. Certificates.-The
buildings were issued:
28
-
following Certificates for new
following
366 under Section 204 of Ordinance 1 domestic buildings, of which 227 and 587 Chinese dwellings.
of 1903, for 814 were European
111 certificates were issued for 117 non-domestic build-
ings.
These figures show a decrease of 120 in the case of "Domestic" and an
increase of 41 in the number of "Non-
Domestic" Buildings.
Under the Rents Restriction Ordinance 6 Certificates (B.0.0. Form 91) were issued in respect of 5 houses in Hong Kong and 5 houses in Kowloon. This Ordinance lapsed on the 30th June, 1926.
28. Notices and Permits.-The following is a tabulated statement of the notices served and permits issued during the year, the figures for 1925 being given in a parallel column for purposes of comparison:-
1925.
1926. Increase. Decrease.
Dangerous Structure Notices, Miscellaneous Notices
Notices, including footpaths under verandahs and balconies,
276
322
46
424
404
20
Private Street Improvement
192
16
176
Notices in respect of Nuisances
reported by Officers of the
Sanitary Department,
1,773
2,368
595
Notices in respect of Signboards,.
New Permits issued,..
1.106
826
280
Permits renewed...
1,306
954
352
Fees charged for the issue of new
permits.
80
50
30
Fees charged for the issue of plans
for Theatrical Sheds,
35
10
25
20
20
20
:
$ 340
$ 700
$ 240
Fees charged for issue of permits
for Stalls for sale of Joss Sticks, $ Charges made for permission to obtain Sand and Stone from Crown Land,
Charges made for damage to Trees,.. *Fees charged for display of Ad-
vertisements on hoardings...
Miscellaneous Fees charged for duplicate copies of Acknow- ledgments, &c.....
Fees charged for sale of turf,
rees charged for re-instating road
surface,
*
Fine imposed for breach of Tram-
way Permit Condition,
4
30
700
69 69
83
:
$
وت
3
$45.85
$45.85
$
25
25
310
$ 240
* Displays of advertisements on hoardings are now disallowed as far as possible.
29
B. O. 0. Work.
No legal proceedings had to be taken for the undermentioned offences during the year:-
Nature of Offence.
No. of Cases.
No. of Convictions.
Amount of Fines..
$
Removal of stone, &c., from Crown Land or Foreshore without permission, Depositing materials on Crown Land with-
out permission,
Erecting or maintaining matsheds without
permission,
29. Private Streets.-Re-surfacing and other repairs under the provisions of Section 186 of Ordinance No. 1. of 1903, were carried out by this Department at the cost of the frontagers in certain cases.
30. Improvements etc., to Private Streets.-In connection with improvements to private streets, footways under verandahs, balconies, etc., apportionments were made in 131 cases involving 234 accounts which totalled $49,618.25.
In addition to the above several accounts were forwarded in connection with work carried out by the Drainage Office. There were also the usual accounts for disconnecting traps on Crown Land.
Accounts for shoring and other work due from owners of private property or their contractors, were dealt with in the usual manner.
31. Improvements, etc., to Public Streets.-The policy of requiring houses, when undergoing reconstruction, to be built at a higher level, where necessary, in order to provide for the future raising of certain low-lying areas in Hong Kong and Kowloon has been continued. In some cases arrangements were made allowing the ground floors to be retained at their existing levels upon owners giving an undertaking to raise such floors when the raising of the street is carried out.
Advantage has been taken in cases of rebuilding to require the frontages to be set back to conform to the approved lines of street widenings where such have been decided upon.
Where permission for verandahs over Crown footpaths has been requested, consent has been given conditional upon a clear width of ten feet being provided for the footpath.
32. Footways.-Attention has been given under Section 134 (Clause 11 of Schedule G) of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903, to footways under Verandahs and Balconies,
B. 0. 0. Work.
30
any necessary repairs being carried out by this Department at the cost of the owners of the property from which such Verandahs and Balconies project.
33. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.-The exceptional rainfall on the night of the 18-19th July resulted in an abnormal number of minor collapses, necessitating action being taken in no less than 100 cases.
The usual procedure was adopted in each instance, of inspecting and where necessary arranging for shoring.
In only a few cases was there need for tenants to vacate their premises.
Minor washouts occurred from private lots and lots under development. That these were not serious is in large measure due to the greater precautions which are being insisted upon in the nature of provision of stormwater channels, etc.,
Other collapses and landslips are reported under paragraphs 41 and 42.
34. Prosecutions.-The following is a tabulated statement of the cases in which legal proceedings were taken with regard to illegal works and other nuisances, the number of convictions obtained, and the amount of fines imposed:-
Nature of Offence.
Defective Building Works,. Illegal works (i.e., divergence from approv-
ed plans, non-submission of plans before commencing building opera- tions, construction of illegal works, and occupation of matsheds. &c., without permission),
Other cases (ie, non-compliance with
notices issued under the Public Health & Buildings Ordinance), .
No. of Cases.
No. of Convictions.
Amount of Fines.
19
19
1.600
9
750
86
62
1,495
35. Tests of Mortar.-During the year 70 mortar samples were taken and tests carried out. It was necessary to prosecute in a number of cases. Convictions were recorded in all cases but one and fines amounting to $1,525 were imposed.
to
$140 were
36. Testing Drains.-Fees amounting collected on account of additional inspections necessitated by carelessness or negligence on the part of persons concerned in carrying out the work.
515 drainage tests were made during the year.
31
M
B. 0. 0. Work.
sec-
37. Modifications.-Written modifications of various tions of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance were granted in 27 cases under the powers conferred by Section 264 b. This shows a decrease of 53 as compared with the year 1925.
38. Applications and Appeals to the Governor-in-Council under Section 265.-Applications for modifications of various sections of the Ordinance were made to the Governor-in-Council in 5 cases, of which 3 were granted and 2 refused.
There was one appeal to the Governor-in-Council which was disallowed.
39. Cemeteries.-Work in connection with the formation of new terraces, paths, etc., to afford additional grave spaces was carried out in the following cemeteries in Hong Kong:-
Chai Wan,
Kai Lung Wan, East, Shum Wan.
In Kowloon extensive works have been carried out in the development of new areas for terraces and trenches at the Kowloon Central Cemeteries and the construction of permanent paths, channels and the training of stormwater nullahs were also proceeded with.
40. Fires. Several fires occurred during the year of which the most serious took place at the following properties:--
January. On the morning of January 1st a fire broke out in the Hong Kong Hotel. The Northern Block, i.e. about two-thirds of the total building was gutted down to the level of the second floor. The masonry and brick walls remained practically intact. The fire was only got under by the united efforts of all available pumping plant, and by the co-operation of the Naval and Military Forces. There were no casualties from the fire, but one of the Naval working party fell from a height whilst carrying out his duties and died as a result of his injuries.
March.
April.
Nos. 9 and 10 Kwai Wah Lane. Both houses were badly damaged, and four lives were lost.
No. 162, Wellington Street. The second and third floors were gutted. There were no casualties.
November. No. 29, Yu Chau Street, a joss stick factory,
was badly damaged. No casualties occurred.
December. Nos. 26-34, Temple Street. Of these Nos. 30 and 32 were gutted, causing the death of one
person.
B. O. O. Work.
32
41. Collapses.-The following is a list of the more serious collapses that occurred during the year:-
February. A temporary shed collapsed at Pak Shu Leung, Cheung Sha Wan. Two persons were seriously injured, and died later in hospital.
April.
May.
June.
July.
August.
October.
Retaining wall supporting the scavenging lane at rear of Nos. 51-55, Pokfulam Road collapsed. No casualties.
Verandahs at No. 88, Des Voeux Road collapsed. No casualties.
Wall near No. 7, Shelley Street collapsed. No casualties.
Wall at the factory on N.K.I.L. 1219 collapsed. No casualties.
Collapses occasioned by the storm on the 18/19th July are alluded to in paragraph 33 of this report.
Stormy weather caused the collapse of six old houses in the village of Hok Lo Tsun. There
were no casualties.
Verandahs to three houses in course of erection at the corner of Argyle Street and Reclamation Street collapsed, causing the death of three
persons.
42. Landslips.-Apart from the great number of slips which occurred during and immediately after the storm of the 18/19th July, comparatively little damage was occasioned from landslips, throughout the year.
The following is a statement showing the locations of the various slips :-
April.
May.
July.
August
Landslip at rear of a new house on I. L. 2363, Chatham Path. No casualties.
Landslip at Stubbs Road opposite No. 293, The Peak. No casualties.
The landslips during this month are referred to in paragraph 62.
Landslip at the rear of No. 362, The Peak. No casualties.
September. Landslide at I. L. 1874, Hatton Road, No casualties. Landslide on Crown Land at the rear of I. L. 2456, Wongneicheong. No casual- ties
October.
Landslide at the back of the servants' quarters, from Admiralty Land onto R. B. L. 79. No casualties.
Q 33
B. 0. 0. Work.
43. Reclamations. The following is a statement of the private reclamations which were completed or in progress during the year:
Area in sq. ft.
M.L.'s 430 and 431, North Point (in progress),
N.K.M.L.'s 6 and 7, Lai Chi Kok (in progress), N.K.M.L. 8, Lai Chi Kok (completed), N.K.I.L.'s 520 and 521, Cheung Sha Wan
(completed),
833,975 £374,400
630,000
514,150
51,750
K.I.L.'s 1558 to 1561, Ma Tau Kok (in progress), Tsun Wan I.L.'s 1 to 4 (nearing completion), Tsun Wan M.L. 2 (work suspended),
407,985
498,750
874,400
In connection with the reclamation of about 215 acres of foreshore and sea-bed at the head of Kowloon Bay, referred to in previous years' reports, work has been suspended.
44. Principal Works of a Private Nature.-The following blocks of business premises, etc., in the City were completed during the year :-
**
Bank premises at Nos. 144-150, Des Voeux Road,
Central.
Bank premises at Nos. 236-238, Des Voeux Road,
Central.
Bank premises and offices at No. 5, Queen's Road,
Central, on M.L. 102.
The reconstruction of the premises of the "South China Morning Post", on I.L. 80, Wyndham Street.
New Church on I.L. 590, Bonham Road.
A Godown on M.L. 302, Des Voeux Road, West.
A block of 23 four-storeyed Chinese houses on I.L. 349,
Kwong Ming Street, St. Francis Yard.
A block of 12 four-storeyed Chinese houses on R.P. of I.L. 851, etc., Nos. 111-125, Hollywood Road and 24-30, Circular Pathway.
The following blocks of business premises etc., in the City were in course of erection :
Exchange Building on M.L. 7, Des Voeux Road,
Central, (nearing completion).
Hotel on M.L. 326, Connaught Road, West.
B. O. O. Work.
Q 34
Hotel on M.L. 325, Morrison Street, Des Voeux Road,
Central, and Connaught Road Central.
"Kingsclere" site, I.L. 1881, Kennedy and Macdonnell Roads; formation of site and erection of retaining walls.
Formation of site and erection of retaining walls on
I.L.'s 714-715, Belilios Terrace.
St. Paul's Girls' School on I.L. 2459, Kennedy and
Macdonnell Roads.
Formation of site and erection of retaining walls and 10 garages on I.L. 1381, Kennedy and Macdonnell Roads.
Re-development of 28 four-storeyed Chinese houses on M.L.'s 42 and 43, Spring Garden Lane and Lee Tung Street.
The following is a list of the principal works in other parts of the City and outlying districts which were completed during the year:
20 Chinese houses on M.L.'s 201 and 202, Tang Lung
Street.
Presbytery on I.L. 2364, Broadwood Road.
Quarters for coolies on Q.B. M.L. 8.
Printing Office on I.L. 2235, Whitfield.
Chinese Theatre on I.L.'s 29 and 457, Lee Gardens.
Block of 6 European flats on I.L. 2456, Wong Nei
Chong.
Kiln House on Q.B. M.L. 1.
Storage tank and concrete dam on Q.B. I.L. 13.
4,000 ton Kerosene Tank on I.L. 1366, Whitfield.
8,000 ton Liquid Fuel Tank on I.L. 2273, Whitfield.
10 ton Liquid Fuel Tank on M.L. 277.
Sixteen Chinese houses converted into thirty-four sets
of quarters on R.B.L. 51, Pokfulam.
Extension, containing sixty bedrooms, to Repulse Bay
Hotel, R.B.L.'s 142 and 167.
Q 35
B. 0. 0. Work.
Six bungalows completed on R.B.L. 200, Repulse Bay.
Reconstruction of Upper Peak Tram Station House and
Engine House.
Three bungalows completed at Shek O.
The following is a list of principal works in other parts of the City and outlying districts which were in course of erection :
Site development for 28 houses on R.B.L. 245, Deep Water Bav. A large number of the sites and five large reinforced concrete bridges are completed.
Formation of sites for 28 houses and erection of retain-
ing walls on I.L. 2354, Stubbs Road.
Ninety-eight Chinese houses on M.L. 365 and I.L.'s 29
and 457, at East Point Hill.
A large modern Theatre on I.L. 1452, Percival Street,
was nearing completion.
Reinforced concrete godowns, steel framed refinery and morit house, and concrete and steel jetty on Q.B. M.L. 1, nearing completion.
Filter house on Q.B. M.L. 2, nearing completion.
Levelling of sites for several blocks of flats on I.L.
2366, Shaukiwan Road, was continued.
Formation of sites on I.L.'s 2367-2376, Shaukiwan
Road, was continued.
The following is a list of principal works in the Kowloon district which were completed during the year:-
Theatre on N.K.I.L. 239, Kowloon City.
Rope Works on K.I.L. 1094, Ma Tau Kok.
New offices and quarters for the China Light and Power
Company, on K.M.L. 93, Tai Wan.
New sub-station for the China Light and Power Com-
pany on K.I.L. 1947, Kau Pui Shek.
Twenty Chinese houses on N.K.I.L. 420, Shamshuipo.
Over 100 houses on the Kowloon Tong Estate were
certified during the year.
B. 0. 0. Work.
36
Hat Factory on N.K.I.L. 468, Ma Tau Wei.
Twelve Chinese houses on H.H.I.L.'s 262 and 265,
Hung