Administrative Reports - 1924

ADMINISTRATIVE REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1924

Table of Contents

1 Finances

2 Shipping and Trade, industries, Fisheries, agriculture, and Land

3 Legislation

4 Education

5 Public Works

6 Government and aided institutions

7 Institutions Not Supported By Government

8 Criminal and Police

9 Vital Statistics

10 Postal and Telegraph Services

A Financial Returns

A(1) Finances

B Assessment

C Secretariat for Chinese affairs

D Harbour office

E Imports and Exports office

F Royal Observatory

G Supreme Court

H Police Magistrates' Courts

I Land office

J New Territories

K Police and Fire Brigade

L Prison

M Sanitary

M(1) Medical

N Botanical and forestry

O Education

P Volunteer Corps (Not Published)

Q Public Works

R Post office

S Railway (Missing Pages: P1 - P2)

 




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I.-FINANCES.

The revenue for the year amounted to $24,209,640 being $2,839,706 more than the estimate and $574,123 less than the revenue for the previous year.

Compared with the returns for 1923 there were increases under all the heads except Kowloon-Canton Railway and Land Sales.

The expenditure amounted to a total of $26,726,428 inclusive of a sum of $8,112,785 spent on Public Works Extraordinary.

The detailed figures for 1924 are set out in the following statements:-

HEADS OF REVENUE.

Light Dues

Light Dues, Special Assessment -

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise

$ 150,689.01

C.

165,639.40

specified

16,701,771.25

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific

purposes, and Reimbursements in Aid -

1,659,524.00

Post Office

}

825,352.72

Kowloon-Canton Railway

420,186.15

Rent of Government Property, Land, and

Houses

1,263,637.40

Interest

721,810.40

Miscellaneous Receipts

391,793.53

TOTAL, (Ordinary)-

$22,300,403.86

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

1,909,235.86

TOTAL

$24,209,639.72

The total expenditure brought to account amounted to $26,726,428 being $1,801,761 less than the estimate, and $5,154,524 more than the expenditure in 1923. Compared with the estimates there were increases under 16 heads as against 11 heads where there were decreases. The excess amounting to $313,338 under Miscel- laneous Services was due to :-

Rent Allowances (Asiatic Staff) Stationery -

Transport of Government servants Flood Relief Fund

Purchase of "The Bracket"

$ c. 31,164.00

59,732.00

99,147,00

50,000.00

36,000,00

Crown Agents commission -

7,656,00

Gratuity to Mr. T. L. Perkins

8,571,00

Contribution to British Empire Cancer

Campaign

-

8,496,00

Grant to Hongkong Boy Scouts Association -

4,000.00

$304,766.00

Military Expenditure exceeded the estimate by $233,412 due to increase in revenue. Education Department decreased $108,888 on account of unpaid Building Grants.

Governor

EXPENDITURE.

$

C.

100,831.47

Cadet Service

289,630.18

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legis-

lature

69,991.32

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

27,512.96

Audit Department

51,592.62

Treasury

76,662.66

Harbour Master's Department

623,395.92

Imports & Exports Department

872,557.69

Royal Observatory

52,638.49

Miscellaneous Services

1,092,558.10

Judicial and Legal Departments -

305,286.92

Police Department

1,877,948.69

Fire Brigade

199,570.25

Prison Department

383,362.70

Medical Department

-

502,882.89

Sanitary Department

670,945,48

Botanical and Forestry Department

86,516.80

Education Department

945,642,01

Military Expenditure -

4,299,887.34

Public Works Department

1,184,767,90

Do.

Recurrent

1,793,968,69

Do.

Extraordinary

8,112,785,49

Post Office -

257,573,59

Pensions

Kowloon-Canton Railway

Charge on Account of Public Debt

Charitable Services

1,329,927.46

941,923,95

503,929.39

72,137.48

TOTAL

- $26,726,428.44

The balance to the debit on the year's working was $2,516,788 and the assets and liabilities account showed on the 31st December a credit balance of $13,107,549.29.

The following is a statement of the revenue and expenditure of the Colony for the five years 1920-1924 :-

Expenditure.

1920 1921

1922

1923

1924

:

:

Revenue.

$

$

14,689,672

14,489,594

17,728,132 15,739,652

22,291,065 24,783,763

18,563,003

21,571,905

24,209,640

26,726,428

www.

The amount of the consolidated loan stands at £1,485,733. Against this there is at credit of the Sinking Fund a sum of £467,442. The Local Loan under Ordinance No. 12 of 1916 amounts to $3,000,000 and there are the sums of $1,444,169 and £103,453 at credit of the Sinking Fund.

A new valuation for Assessment was made for the year com- mencing 1st July, 1924, resulting as follows:-

Increases

The City of Victoria

$387,772

The Hill District

47,610

Shaukiwan, Saiwanho and Quarry Bay

20,110

Hongkong Villages

74,411

Kowloon Point

116,380

Yaumati

223,615

Mongkoktsui

30,655

Hunghom and Hok Un

40,540

Kowloon Villages

3,344

143,814

New Territories

The rateable value of the whole Colony amounted to $22,147,951 having increased by $1,088,251.

During the period 1915-1924 the assessment of the whole Colony has risen from $14,287,285 to $22,147,951, an increase in rateable value of $7,860,666.

The circulation on the 31st December of notes of the three Banks having authorised issues was as follows:-

Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Cor-

poration

Chartered Bank of India, Australia, &

China

Mercantile Bank of India, Limited

$ 49,603,461

11,611,486

1,296,455

$ 62,511,402

The currency of the Colony consists, in addition to the notes of these Banks, of British, Hongkong, and Mexican Dollars and of subsidiary coin, which continued at par throughout the year.

The total issue of subsidiary coins, less those demonetized, now amounts to $17,864,370 nominal value, and they were up to the year 1905 readily absorbed at par, large quantities being taken by the neighbouring provinces of China. During 1916 ten cent pieces of the face value of $5,028,000 were shipped to Calcutta for purposes of demonetization. The discount which prevailed be- tween 1905 and 1916 may be attributed to the immense quantity of similar coin which was minted at Canton as well as to the amount of Hongkong coin minted largely in excess of the needs of the

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Colony by itself. In 1905 the Hongkong Government ceased to issue any subsidiary coin and in 1906 it began a policy of demonet- ising all its subsidiary coin received as revenue.

This policy was continuously followed till 1918 except during a brief period in 1911. Coin to the face value of $26,235,459 has thus been redeemed. The total issue by the Hongkong Government was of the face value of $44,099,830.

STATEMENT OF SUBSIDIARY COINS..

Received, and redeemed (from 1911)

Blue Book 1911. Amount in circulation.

Since received :-('opper coin.

1919...

25,000.00

1923...

25,000.00

1924...

50,000.00

$43,999,830

;

100,000

Total Amount put into circulation ... .$44,099,830

Less since redeemed :—

1911...

...5,527,459.04

1912...

...1,040,000.00

1913...

...1,040,000.00

1914...

...5,000,000.00

1915...

...

...5,100,000 00

1916...

...

1918... 1922...

...5,028,000.00

...

500,000.00 ...3,000,000.00

26,235,459.04

Total Amount of coin in circulation in 1924...$17,864,370.96

II.-SHIPPING AND TRADE, INDUSTRIES, FISHERIES, AGRICULTURE, AND LAND.

(a.)-SHIPPING.

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The total Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1924 amounted to 764,492 vessels of 56,731,077 Tons, which compared with the figures of 1923 show a decrease of 13,730 vessels and an increase of 3,328,838 Tons.

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Colony by itself. In 1905 the Hongkong Government ceased to issue any subsidiary coin and in 1906 it began a policy of demonet- ising all its subsidiary coin received as revenue.

This policy was continuously followed till 1918 except during a brief period in 1911. Coin to the face value of $26,235,459 has thus been redeemed. The total issue by the Hongkong Government was of the face value of $44,099,830.

STATEMENT OF SUBSIDIARY COINS..

Received, and redeemed (from 1911)

Blue Book 1911. Amount in circulation.

Since received :-('opper coin.

1919...

25,000.00

1923...

25,000.00

1924...

50,000.00

$43,999,830

;

100,000

Total Amount put into circulation ... .$44,099,830

Less since redeemed :—

1911...

...5,527,459.04

1912...

...1,040,000.00

1913...

...1,040,000.00

1914...

...5,000,000.00

1915...

...

...5,100,000 00

1916...

...

1918... 1922...

...5,028,000.00

...

500,000.00 ...3,000,000.00

26,235,459.04

Total Amount of coin in circulation in 1924...$17,864,370.96

II.-SHIPPING AND TRADE, INDUSTRIES, FISHERIES, AGRICULTURE, AND LAND.

(a.)-SHIPPING.

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The total Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1924 amounted to 764,492 vessels of 56,731,077 Tons, which compared with the figures of 1923 show a decrease of 13,730 vessels and an increase of 3,328,838 Tons.

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Of the above 57,765 Vessels of 38,770,499 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade as compared with 49,900 vessels of 35,011,533 ton's, in 1923.

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Table 1 shows a decrease in British Ocean-going Shipping of 92 ships or 17 per cent and an increase of 622,611 tons or 5'5 per cent.

This decrease in ships is due to s.s.

“Tại Sang "Wing Sang" and "Kasara" being transferred to the Chinese flag. The increase in tonnage is due to larger vessels frequenting the Port;

Foreign Ocean-going vessels have increased by 426 ships and by 1,358,161 tons or 59 per cent in numbers and 93 per cent in tonnage. This increase in ships and tonnage is due to more and larger American and Gerinan vessels frequenting the Port also to a number of Norwegian, Chilian and Panama vessels put on the Coasting trade.

British River Steamers have increased by 1,112 ships with an increase in tonnage of 826,311 tons or 18.5 per cent in numbers and 15 per cent in tonnage. This increase in ships and tonnage is due to the s.s. "Fook On" "Tung On" "Sai On" and "Hang Cheong" built locally being put on the Canton run, also the Chinese s.s. "Wei Shun" and "Ming Shun" being converted into River Steamers and re-named the "Paul Beau and “Charles Hardouin”.

Foreign River Steamers show an increase of 427 ships with an increase in tonnage of 182,617 tons or 22:5 per cent in numbers and 27.8 per cent in tonnage. This increase in ships and tonnage is due to the s.s. "Yang Tse Kiang" being converted into a River Steamer and re-named the "Kung On" also the "Wc Ping" being put on the West River run.

In Steamships not exceeding 60 tons employed in Foreign trade there is an increase of 3,020 ships with an increase in tonnage of 89,441 tons or 62.8 per cent in numbers and 62.8 per cent in tonnage. This increase in Launches and tonnage is due princi- pally to the increase in towing trade between this Port and the Taishun District.

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A comparison between the years 1923 and 1924 is given in the following table :-

Class of Vessels.

1923.

1924.

Increase.

Decrease.

No. Tonnage.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

British

Ocean-

going,

5,389

11,222,141

5,297 11,844,752

622,611

92

Foreign

Ocean-

going,

7,248

14,671,917 7,674 16,030,078

426

1,358,161

British River

Steamers,

6,008

5,698,350

7,120

6,524,661 1,112

826,311

Foreign River

Steamers,

1,891

657,730 2,318

840,347

427

182,617

Steamships under

60 tons (Foreign

Trade), ..

4,811

142,392 7,831

231,833 3,020

89,441

Junks, Foreign

Trade,

24,553 2,619,003 27,525

3,298,828

2,972 679,825

Total, Foreign

Trade,

49,900

35,011,533 57,765

38,770,499

7,957 3,758,966

92

Steam Launches

plying in Wa-

ters of the

Colony,

705,544 17,077,346 | 678,750 16,622.806

26,794

454,540

Junks,

Local

Trade,

*22,778

*1,313,360 †27,977 †1,337,772 5,199

24,412

Grand Total,

778,222

53,402,239 764,492 56,731,077 13,156 3,783,378

26,886

454,540

Nett Increase,..

3,328,838 13,730

* Including 15,134 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 961,910 tons.

+

15,212

"

"

>>

654,199

Junks in Foreign trade show an increase of 2,972 vessels, and an increase of 679,825 tons or 12.1 per cent in numbers and 25.8 per cent in tonnage. This increase is due to the improvement of trade between this Port and Canton, Macao, East and West River Ports.

In Local trade (i.e. between places within the waters of the Colony) there is a decrease in Steam-Launches of 26,794 and a decrease in tonnage of 454,540 tons or 3.8 per cent in numbers and 2.6 per cent in tonnage. This decrease in numbers and tonnage is due to a number of launches being laid up during the year on account of the high cost of fuel.

Junks in Local Trade show an increase of 5,199 vessels and an increase of 24,412 tons or 228 per cent in numbers and 18 per cent in tonnage. This increase in vessels and tonnage is due prin- cipally to the improvement of trade and the installing of the Junk Office at Shaukiwan,

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Of vessels of European construction 6,484 Ocean Steamers 4,715 River Steamers and 3,856 steamships not exceeding 60 tons entered during the year, giving a daily average of 412 ships as compared with 347 ships in 1923 and 33-2 ships in 1922.

The average tonnage of Individual Ocean vessels entering the Port has increased from 2,053 2 to 2,129.8 tons, British Ships from 2,070 9 to 2,234-3 tons Foreign Ships from 2,040-3 to 2,057.6

tons.

The average tonnage of Individual River Steamers enter- ing during the year has increased from 628°1 to 659-8 tons, British River Steamers from 809-9 to 819 5 tons and Foreign River Steamers from 332.7 to 340-3 tons.

The actual number of Individual Ocean-going vessels of European construction during the year 1924 was 1,123 of which 416 were British and 707 Foreign. In 1923 the corresponding figures were 1,186, 529 British and 657 Foreign.

These 1,123 ships measured 3,552,722 tons. They entered 6,484 times and gave a collective tonnage of 13,809,974 tons.

Thus 63 Less Ships entered 163 more times and gave a collec- tive tonnage greater by 830,941 tons, an average of 5,097 7 tons per entry.

Thus

Steamers.

No. of times!

entered.

Total Tonnage.

Flag.

1923. 1924. 1923. 1924.

1923.

1924.

British,

Japanese,

529 416 2,691 2,650 285 269 1,337

5,572,944

5,921,002

1,324

3,129,156 3,154,550

U.S.A.,

84 100 272

275

1,421,952 | 1,423,490

Chinese,

79

59

788

548

650,643

453,092

German,

29

33

71

79

275,583

317,416

Danish,

16

20

58

73

141,171

180,513

Dutch,

46

53

221

262

666,173

807,254

French,

39

39

281

278

515,507

535,528

Italian,

6

17

23

41

95,222

154,371

Panamaian,

6

105

33

63,242

34,843

Chilean,

6

122

257

52,975

130,606

Norwegian,

32

71

215 287

266,564

443,067

Portuguese,

13

17

108 200

51,003

91,017

Russian,

3

2,331

Siamese,

2

2,621

Swedish,

9

13

14

60

47,932

120,830

Spanish,

3.

4

10

17

24,014

42,395

Total.

1,186 1,123 6,321 6,484 12,979,033 13,809,974

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The Nationalities of the Crews in British and in Foreign Ships

were as follows :-

VESSELS.

BRITISH CREW.

OTHER EURO-

PEANS AND AMERICANS.

ASIATICS.

1923. 1924. 1923. 1924. 1923. 1924. 1923.

|

1924.

British,.. -529 416 81,710 36,666 2,263 479 303,231 209,151

Foreign, 655

707 1,088 1,708 35,558 44,841 267,770 226,048

Total, 1,184 1,123 82,798 38,374 37,821 45,320 571,001 435,199

Hence in British ships :-

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2nd in Foreign ships:-

1923.

21.10 %

1924. 14.89% of the crews

1923.

1924.

00-36 %

00-63 % of the crews

00:59 %

were British. 00-20% of the crews were other Europeans & Americans.

were British.

11.68 %

16.45% of the crews

were other

Europeans & Americans.

78.31 %

84.91 % of the crews

were Asiatics.

87.96 %

82.92% of the crews

were Asiatics.

100.00 % 100·00 %

100.00% 100·00 %

Trade.

Statistics of Imports and Exports are collected and published by the Imports and Exports Department.

Imports.

The number and tonnage of ships of European type of construction carrying cargo for import and transit compared with 1923 were as follows: ཡ་

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1923.

1924.

Increase.

Decrease.

}

No. Tonnage. No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

6,484 13,809,974 163 830,941 4,715 3,632,438 764 478,547|

Steamers,. 6.321 12,979,033 River Steamers, 3,951 3,153,891 Sailing Vessels,

Total,

|10,272 |16,132,924 11.199 | 17,442,412 927 1,309,488)

Nett Increase....... 927 1,309,488

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The corresponding figures relating to ships of European type of construction, shipping bunker coal, are as follows

EXPORTS.

1923.

1924.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

No.

Tonnage.

No.

Tonnage.

6,316 12,915,025 6,487|14,064,856 3,948 3,202,189 4,723 3,732,570

171 1,149,831

775

530,381

...

Total,

10,264 16,117,214 11,210 17,797,426

946 1,680,212

Nett Increase,..

946

1,680,212

Steamers,

River Steamers, Sailing Vessels,

1923.

1924.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Bunker

Coal.

No.

Bunker

Coal.

No.'

Bunker

Coal.

No.

Bunker

Coal.

6,316

543,324|| 6,487

506,520

171

136,804

3,948

62,737 4,723

90,974 775 28,237

Total,.

|10,264

606,061 11,210

597,494

946

28,237

:

136,804

Nett Increase,.

946

108,567

Steamers, River Steamers,

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The River Trade compared with 1923 is shown in the following Table:-

1923...

1924..

Year.

Imports Tons.

Exports. Tons.

Passengers.

1

369,685

589,849

1,923,909

493,711

663,802 2,536,768

The following Tables show the Junk Trade of the Colony for the year 1923 and 1924 :-

IMPORTS.

1923.

1924.

Junks.

Tons.

Junks. Tonnage.

Foreign Trade,....... .12,234

1,297,253

13,661

1,644,206

1.ocal Trade,......

3,759

173,365

6,206

368,494

Total,.....15,993

1,470,618

19,867

2,012,700

Cargo.

Tons.

Cattle, 764 heads,

89

Swine, 11,912 heads,.

700

Earth and Stones,

12,178

General,...

.592,573

Total,....

605,540

EXPORTS.

1923.

1924.

Junks.

Tons.

Junks.

Tonnage.

Foreign Trade,..............12,319

1,321,750

13,864

1,654,622

Local Trade,....................... 3,885

178,085

6,559

315,079

Total,16,204

1,499,835

20,423

1,969,701

Cargo.

Tons.

Kerosine,

Rice and Paddy,

47,596

.388,883.

Coal,

General,.

168,344

.603,763

Total,.....

.1,208,586

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Emigration and Immigration.

One hundred and Twenty-nine thousand, eight hundred and fifty-nine (129,859) emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1923, (120,224 in 1923). Of these, 72,259 were carried in British ships, and 57,600 in foreign ships.

One hundred and thirty thousand, one hundred and ninety- four (130,194) returning emigrants were reported to have been brought to Hongkong from the several places to which they had emigrated either from this colony or from coast ports, as against 121,102 in 1923. Of these, 68,307 arrived in British ships, and 61,887 in foreign ships.

Statement of number of emigrants to Straits Settlements, 1913 to 1924, compared with total Chinese emigration.

No. of Emigrants

to

Straits Settlements.

Total No. of Emigrants.

1913

102,353

142,759

1914

44,974

76,296

1915

41,278

68,275

1916

82,797

117,653

1917

63,292

96,298

1918

8,019

43,830

1919

11,638

59,969

1920

43,935

105,258

1921

87,324

156,011

1922

50,356

98,393

1923

65,584

120,224

1924

75,682

129,859

(b.)-INDUSTRIES.

Engineering and Shipbuilding.-The figures are as follows for the years 1923 and 1924 :-

1923.

5 vessels of 9.577 gross tons and 7.680 I.H.P.

H.K. & Whampoa Dock Co., Ld... Taikoo Dockyard & Eng. Co., Ld. 5. W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld...

:;

"

3,120 700

7

4,711 830

25

Total

.

17 vessels of 15,118 gross tons and 11,500 I.H.P.

1924.

H.K. & Whampoa Dock Co., Ld...23 vessels of 4,845 gross tons and 5.315 I.H.P. Taikoo Dockyard & Eng. Co., Ld. 12

W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld Kwong Sang Lung Co., Ld. Ching Ngai

.....26

8,754 1,763

"

7,000

310

:9

"

1

2

53 373

90

"

900

Total

..64 vessels of 15,788 gross tons and 13,615 1.H.P.

14

Sugar-The trend in prices of raw sugar was in a downward direction practically throughout the year, closing values at the end of December being about the lowest. The chief cause is to be found in the increase in beet sugar production over the previous year, such increase being about two million tons. The difference between the highest and lowest prices recorded for Java Sugars in Hongkong during the year was $5.40 per picul for Java Whites and $5,30 per piçul, for Java Browns.

This as is invariably the case, reacted very quickly in the refined markets throughout China, and whereas sales were being made from the middle of February to the middle of March on the basis of Shanghai Taels 12 per picul, selling limits from that time on had to be gradually reduced, until in December the rate was as low as Taels 8.3 mace per picul.

Adverse trading conditions in China also seriously handi- capped the Hongkong Refineries and in August last when a sudden and quite unprecedented demand arose for Refined Sugar, business had to be entirely suspended owing to the hostilities in the North and the inability of dealers to finance their business owing to the financial stringency which followed the outbreak of hostilities.

Cotton.-American Cotton fluctuated considerably in 1924, the tendency being towards a lower basis.

The year opened with Liverpool quotations at 21.06d. per lb.

Prices gradually fell, with one or two minor setbacks, to 16.05d on 28th March, when a sudden reaction set in and the raw material advanced to 19.30d on 11th April.

A gradual decline was then registered until the end of the year, with a temporary rise during July and the market closed, at 13.65d, on 31st December.

The lowest value registered during the year was 13,00d in the. middle of December,

Rope Making. The demand for Manila Cordage was fairly good during the first six months of 1924 but it fell off in the second half of the year owing to the very high cost of Manila Hemp, prices for which rose continually throughout the year. The total turnover was not so good as in the previous year owing chiefly to the competition of the Rope Factories at Manila who have a pre- ferential duty in the United States and can therefore place their surplus production on foreign markets at prices which probably barely cover actual cost.

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(c.)--FISHERIES,

A considerable proportion of the boat population of Hongkong supports itself by deep-sea fishing, in which pursuit a large number of junks are engaged. The villages of Aberdeen, Stanley, Shauki- wan, and also many in the New Territories, are largely dependent upon this industry for their prosperity Fresh water fish is im- ported from Canton and the West River. There are oyster beds of considerable value in Deep Bay.

(d.)-FORESTRY, AGRICULTURE, AND BOTANY.

Formation of Piñe tree plantations.

Seeds of Pinus Massoniana were sown in situ on the following places, seventy-two pounds of seed being used :-50,000 on hillsides above the Shek O Road, 20,000 at Quarry Bay, 30,000 on Cheung Chau Island and 20,000 on slopes adjoining the catchment area, Taipo Road.

For the formation of new plantation 657 pounds were sown broadcast on grassy banks above and below Shek O Road, above and below road from Shaukiwan Gap to Tytam, above and below Stubbs, Broadwood, Taipo, Tsun Wan and coastal roads and on grassy slopes adjoining public paths on Cheung Chau Island.

Broadcast sowing was carried out on areas badly damaged by fires above Pokfulam Road, below Matilda Hospital, Mt. Kellet and Telegraph Bay, a total of 260 pounds of seed being used.

Two thousand one year old tress of Pinus Massoniana were taken up from ground adjoining Beacon Hill Nursery site and. replanted further up the hillsides in Plantation 9A and 9B.

Broad-leaved trees planted.

At Tai Wo Po, all remaining flat spaces were planted with young Camphor trees to the total number of 6,082.

The following flowering and shade trees were planted along- side the principal roads in Hongkong, the Kowloon Peninsula and the New Territories, Eucalyptus tereticornis 58, Callistemon rigidus 152, Camphor 17, Bauhinia variegata 19, Lagerstroemia indica 9, also small numbers of the following were planted to replace failures, Poinciana regia, Aleurites montana and Tristania conferta.

Care of trees in plantations.

Clumps of Lorandthus were removed and very large numbers of creepers cut.

Pine tree caterpillars appeared in plantations at Chuk Yuen, Ngau Chi Wan, Fan Ling and Cheung Chau. They were immediately dealt with; the total amount collected and destroyed amounted to 155 piculs.

(5)

18

III.-LEGISLATION.

Thirteen (13) Ordinances were passed during 1924, of which ten were amendments of previous Ordinances.

IV.-EDUCATION.

The European staff was increased by Twelve new appointments from England during the year.

The total number of pupils at schools in the Colony excluding the Police School are :-

Number of Pupils.

English

Total.

Vernacular

Schools.

Schools.

Government Schools

3,987

41

4,028

Military Schools

142

142

Excluded Private Schools

256

256

Grant Schools

4,297

1,076

5,373

Controlled Private

Schools

5,670

27,015

32,685

Controlled

Private

Schools, New Terri-

tories

31

4,821

4,852

Technical Institute

597

597

Total

14,980

32,953

47,933

The most important schools, apart from the excluded schools, are Queen's College for Chinese, four District Schools its feeders, and the Belilios Public School for Chinese girls. There is an Indian School of growing importance housed in a building presented to the Colony by the late Sir Ellis Kadoorie. Central School and Quarry Bay, Kowloon Junior and Victoria Schools for children of British parentage have an average attendance of 239. There is also a school for the children of the Peak District with an average attendance of 46. The Diocesan School and Orphanage and St. Joseph's College are important boys' schools in receipt of an annual grant. The Italian, French, and St. Mary's Convents, the Diocesan Girls' School, and the St. Stephen's Girls School are the most important of the English Grant Schools for girls.

The Hongkong Technical Institute affords an opportunity for higher education of students who have left school. Instruction was given in 1923 in Building Construction, Machine Drawing, Mechanics,

i

1

18

III.-LEGISLATION.

Thirteen (13) Ordinances were passed during 1924, of which ten were amendments of previous Ordinances.

IV.-EDUCATION.

The European staff was increased by Twelve new appointments from England during the year.

The total number of pupils at schools in the Colony excluding the Police School are :-

Number of Pupils.

English

Total.

Vernacular

Schools.

Schools.

Government Schools

3,987

41

4,028

Military Schools

142

142

Excluded Private Schools

256

256

Grant Schools

4,297

1,076

5,373

Controlled Private

Schools

5,670

27,015

32,685

Controlled

Private

Schools, New Terri-

tories

31

4,821

4,852

Technical Institute

597

597

Total

14,980

32,953

47,933

The most important schools, apart from the excluded schools, are Queen's College for Chinese, four District Schools its feeders, and the Belilios Public School for Chinese girls. There is an Indian School of growing importance housed in a building presented to the Colony by the late Sir Ellis Kadoorie. Central School and Quarry Bay, Kowloon Junior and Victoria Schools for children of British parentage have an average attendance of 239. There is also a school for the children of the Peak District with an average attendance of 46. The Diocesan School and Orphanage and St. Joseph's College are important boys' schools in receipt of an annual grant. The Italian, French, and St. Mary's Convents, the Diocesan Girls' School, and the St. Stephen's Girls School are the most important of the English Grant Schools for girls.

The Hongkong Technical Institute affords an opportunity for higher education of students who have left school. Instruction was given in 1923 in Building Construction, Machine Drawing, Mechanics,

i

1

19

Chemistry (Practical and Theoretical), Physics, Electricity, Com- mercial English, French, Shorthand, Book-keeping. Classes for men and women teachers, both "English" and "Vernacular" are a feature of the Institute.

The lecturers are recruited from the members of the Medical and Educational faculties of the Colony, and from the Department of Public Works, and receive fees for their services. The Institute is furnished with a well equipped Chemical Laboratory and excel- lent Physical apparatus.

The University of Hongkong, incorporated under the local University Ordinance, 1911, and opened in 1912, is a residential University for students of both sexes for the promotion of Arts, Science and Learning, the provision of higher education, the develop- ment and formation of the character of students of all races, nation- alities, and creeds.

The late Sir Hormusjee Mody, bore the entire expense of the erection of the main building and additions have been made through the liberality of benefactors of varied nationality and domicile.

The University includes the three Faculties of Medicine, Engineering and Arts. Admission to all faculties is conditional upon passing the matriculation examination of the University or some examination recognised as equivalent thereto.

The Faculty of Medicine provides a six year course of study in the usual pre-medical and medical sciences, supplemented by clinical work in the Government Civil and Tung Wah Hospitals, leading to the degree of M.B., B.S. The degrees of M.D., and M.S., may be obtained for post-graduate work. The degrees above-mentioned are recognised by the General Medical Council for registration in Great Britain.

The Faculty of Engineering provides a four year course in practical and theoretical engineering, leading to the degree of B.Sc., (Eng.). Fourth year students specialize in civil, in mechanical or in electrical engineering. The degree for post- graduate work is that of M.Sc., (Eng.).

The Faculty of Arts includes departments of pure Arts and Science, Education (including practical teaching) and Commerce. The course is in all cases one of four years and leads to the degree of B.A. The degree for post-graduate work is that of M.A.

With a view to better securing the maintenance of the desired standard which in the Faculty of Medicine is that of an English University degree and in the Faculty of Engineering that of the

20

corresponding degree in the University of London-external examiners are, in all Faculties, associated with the internal examiners in all annual and final examinations. In the Faculty of Engineering, but not in other Faculties, degrees with honours are granted, the standard being assessed by special examiners chosen from amongst the external examiners in the University of London.

The degree of LL.D., is also granted, honoris causa.

The site of the University was given gratuitously by the Colonial Government. As subsequently enlarged by minor grants and by purchase, it includes an area of some 25 acres, looking out upon the harbour over the City of Victoria.

In the main buildings are housed the Chemical, Physical and Biological Laboratories, the University Library and portions of the Engineering Laboratories. They further include a Great Hall, a Senate Room and the Lecture and Class rooms used by the Faculty of Arts and for general purposes.

Special medical buildings include schools of Anatomy, Phy- siology, Pathology and Tropical Medicine, erected at the cost of Chinese gentlemen risident in the Colony. In the case of each of the three schools last mentioned a large or smaller sum still remains available for further equipment.

Special engineering buildings include:-

(a) a Power Station, generating light and power for the estate, energy being supplied by internal combustion engines of varied types which are available for instructional purposes;

(b) a Prime Movers (steam) and Hydraulics Laboratory, at present housed in a converted Pumping Station, formerly the property of the Government; and

(c) A Workshop, of demensions 90′ × 96′ for practical

instruction of students.

Electrical machinery (other than the main generating plant), electrical technology, the testing of materials and experimental mechanics are dealt with in the main building.

The larger part of the engineering equipment was the gift of British engineering firms.

23

We d

PUBLIC WORKS.

BUILDINGS.

During the year progress as stated was made on the following works :-

Hongkong. The New Central Fire Bridgade Station, contract for the superstructure, was let to Messrs. Trollope & Colls. Contracts were let for the superstructure of the Sai Ying Poon School and the construction of the Ex. to Govt. Civil Hospital Sisters Quarters. Govt. Quarters at Le Calvaire (2 blocks of 4 houses each) one block finished. A large underground public trough closet at Western Street and a Public Garage on the Stubbs Road were finished. New Queen's College site approached completion. Open Markets at Whitfield and Shaukiwan were finished.

Kowloon.--Kowloon Hospital good progress made towards completion. The New Yaumati Police Station, Open Market at Bowring and two Public Trough Closets were finished.

New Territories.-New Gaol at Ngau Shi Wan, contract let for pile foundations. Five Blocks of Quarters for Native Married Police finished. Kowloon City and Shamshuipo Police Stations contracts let and good progress made.

COMMUNICATIONS.

Hongkong.-Road from Taitam Gap to Shek O Extension of Stubbs Road from Magazine Gap to Peak Tram Station. Road above Conduit Road, (1st section), and Broadwood Road-Wong- neichung Road connection were finished. Road contouring Wong- neichung and Tai Hang Valley made good progress. Main Road from Causeway Bay to Quarry Bay made fair progress in places. Improvements were continued on Kennedy, Bonham, Conduit, Pokfulam and Victoria Roads.

Kowloon. Work on the removal of the hill obstruction at the junction of Nathan and Coronation Roads made good progress. Waterloo Road Extension North and East, Tokawan Road and Chatham Road Extension Mongkok-Kowloon City Road made good progress.

New Territories.-Widening of Fan Ling-Au Ha Gap Road to 20 ft. and extension to Shataukok made good progress. Widening of bridges on Castle Peak-Fan Ling Road to 20 ft. put in hand. Improvements to the Kowloon-Taipo Road and the metalling and tar painting of New Territories Roads were continued.

DRAINAGE.

Hongkong.-A 9.6 horseshoe concrete culvert from Wanchai Road to Praya and a 7'6 concrete culvert from Leighton Hill Road to Praya were finished.

-/

24

Kowloon.-The Extension of the Mongkoktsui Nullah to the Old Kowloon Boundary was completed. Ma Tau Chung Nullah made slow progress.

New Territories.-The Nan Ching Street Nullah from the water front to the Tai Po Road was completed and the Extension of the Mongkoktsui Nullah from the old Kowloon Boundary to the Kowloon Range of hills progressed satisfactorily.

}

WATER WORKS.

Hongkong. The Upper tier of beds at the Eastern Filter Beds were completed and put into use, whilst construction of the lower tier was well advanced. The service reservoir side walling was started.

The extension to Tytam Tuk Pumping Station was well advanced and the engine, pumps and boiler have been ordered from England.

Fair progress has been made with Stanley Mound East, Stanley Mound West and Jardine's Lookout Catchwaters.

A new 8" dia. W. I. main has been laid from the Pokfulam Road Pumping Station to the 750′ Tank.

The laying of a new C. I. main 15" in dia. in Queen's Road and along the Praya East was begun.

Tenders from various English firms were received in connection with the proposed conversion of Bowen Road Filter Beds to Mechanical or Fast Gravity Filters.

Kowloon.-Various improvements to the distributing mains were carried out.

The construction of Pipers Hill Service Reservoir commenced and excellent progress was made.

Good progress was made with the construction of four new filter beds for Kowloon.

New Territories.-Fair progress was made with the .construc- tion of the Shek Lai Pui Reservoir which was approximately half completed by the end of the year.

25

The construction of the Kowloon Catchwater extension con- tinued slowly during the year.

Shing Mun Valley Scheme.-The construction of the Access Road from Tsun Wan to Pineapple Pass progressed very slowly.

Contracts were let to Messrs. Sir W. G. Armstrong & Co. in November for the construction of the N. & S. Tunnels and the South Conduit and to Messrs. Trollope & Colls (Far East) Ltd. in December for the construction of the Raw Water Reception Reservoir below Shek Lai Pui.

Surveys in connection with the remainder of the 1st section of the Scheme were carried out and the indent for the trunk mains was practically ready.-Enquires re filtering plant were forwarded and tenders were received from several British firms by the end of the year.

Borings across the harbour were taken between Nathan Road and Jackson Road.

RECLAMATIONS.

Hongkong.-North Point private schemes made fair progress.

Kowloon.-The Tai Tack Reclamation (a private scheme at Kowloon City) made poor progress. Kowloon Bay West Reclamation made good progress.

New Territories.-The Standard Oil Co. and the Kailan Mining Administration (private) Reclamations at Laichikok, made good

progress.

PIERS.

Hongkong.-Queen's Pier, the roofing was finished but the masonery entrance made poor progress owing to labour troubles.

MISCELLANEOUS.

Good progress was made with the levelling of the Kowloon Tong Development Scheme areas approximately 13 acres being handed over to the Company during the year.

The total amount expended on Public Works Extraordinary was $8,112,785.49 and on annually recurrent works $1,793,968.69.

26

RAILWAY.

The new Carpenter's Shop mentioned in last year's Anuual Report was completed early in the year, and a siding from the yard laid into it.

The steelwork for the Extension to the Workshops arrived in June and the building was proceeded with at once and good pro- gress made.

Owing to extensive devolpment in the neighbourhood, it was decided to complete Bridge No. 4 situated at the second mile. This bridge spans a 100-foot main road on the skew and was designed to give a 60 feet clear span and two sidespans to provide for cause- ways of 10 to 15 feet each. The steelwork was ordered for double track, but only that for the main span arrived in time for the opening of the Railway. The sidespans (comprising four 45 feet single line spans) which had been lying in store for twelve years, were reconditioned and two were erected by the end of the year, and the line diverted over them. The remaining spans will be erected and the bridge completed in 1925,

The building of the two blocks of quarters for the Traffic Staff at Blackhead's Point mentioned in last year's Report was proceeded with, but not quite completed by the end of the year. They were ready for occupation by March 1st this year.

The roof of one of the buildings taken over from the China Light & Power Company and used as a motor repair shop, was con- demned and arrangements made for a new steel roof with northern lights to replace it. The old roof which leaked badly was unsafe in typhoon weather and was irreparable. This work was given to a local engineering firm and is expected to be completed early in 1925.

A siding was laid from Kowloon Station across the circulating area in front, to connect with the Hongkong and Kowloon Wharf and Godown Company's premises. The siding, which is 273 feet long to the Company's boundary, is laid on concrete with two guard rails. An agreement was entered into with the Company regarding its cost and use.

In connection with the Harbour Improvements, it became necessary to alter the position of the submarine cables crossing to Kowloon, and four cable houses were built in the Kowloon Station south verandah to receive the terminals of the cables belonging to the Eastern Extension Telegraph Company, the China and Japan Telephone & Electric Company, the Military Authorities, and the Government. Permission was granted the Eastern Extension Telegraph Company to connect their cable with aerial lines over Railway lands onto their existing poles to Canton which follow the Railway from Mile 13.

1

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27

In view of frequent damage by typhoons to the Government and Railway telephone overhead wires alongside the Railway, it was decided to substitute an underground cable for the aerial wires, and a commencement was made during the year between Taipo and Taipo Market Stations.

Less attention was given to maintenance work on the Fanling Branch Line in anticipation of its being taken up by the end of the year, as mentioned in last year's Report, but progress with the new road has been delayed and more attention to the railway track may be necessary in 1925.

The four new 4-6-4 locomotives arrived during the year, one of the underframes however was very badly twisted and out of line. This was straightened with the aid of the new 65-ton crane.

The first of these locomotives, No. 9 arrived on May 19th and was erected forthwith and in steam by June 20th. No. 11 was completed on August 20th, and No. 12 on September 25th. No. 10 which had the twisted frame was not completed until December.

These engines have a much greater tractive force than the earlier ones, and so far we have experienced no trouble with them and are more than satisfied with their running performance.

The 65-ton Breakdown Crane arrived in the Colony at the end of July and erection was immediately started and completed by October. The crane was employed in connection with the assemb- ling of No. 10 locomotive, for erecting bridge girders, and also on several occasions for loading and unloading heavy pieces of machinery from railway trucks.

Two new 4-4-0 type 2'-0" gauge locomotives for the Fanling Branch arrived at the end of July and were put into service by the end of September. These locomotives will be handed over to the Public Works Department when the road to Sha Tau Kok is completed and the Railway closed down, and should prove very useful.

Very extensive repairs and work on Government motor vehicles were carried out during the year, in fact this department has grown so much since it was started that at times there is great difficulty in coping with the work. It was also handicapped for a considerable time owing to the necessity of rebuilding the roof over the Motor Repair Workshop.

In addition to the general motor repair work, the following

28

vans were built for other Government Departments:-

One steel Mail Van for the General Post Office.

One steel van for the Prison Department.

Five steel vans for the Sanitary Department for conveying

meat.

One steel van for the Police Department for carrying

prisoners on the mainland.

One Emergency Lorry for the Fire Brigade Department.

The year 1924 has witnessed no change for the better in the prospects of the Railway. The disturbances in Canton and Kwang- tung province, which began in January 1923, continued throughout the whole of the year.

An attempt was made on September 1st to resume the running of the Slow Through Trains, but this was discontinued after 12 days.

The position as regards the retention of British Sectional rolling stock by the Chinese Section has improved, a number of goods wagons being returned. There are now only 15 wagons held by

the Chinese Section.

The receipts under Through and Joint Sectional Traffic for the year amounted to only $1,922.01, as compared with $153,447.25 for the previous year, and $500,814.90 for 1922, the last year during which traffic was normal.

The Gross Receipts for the year were $420,186.15 as against $474,721.78 for 1923, a decrease of $54,535.63. The suspension for practically the whole year of Through and Joint Sectional Traffic referred to above being alone responsible.

The working expenses exceeded the revenue by $87,628.27.

The Fanling Branch Line Receipts have improved under both heads.

Through and Joint Sectional passengers carried were as follows:-

1922. 1923. 1924.

Passengers booked at Stations

in British Section to Sta- tions in China including Lowu....

Passengers booked at Stations

526,111 250,719 168,734

in China including Lowu to Stations in British Territory

522,909 249,152 157,115

i

The Local Passengers carried were as follows:——

Main Line

Fanling Branch Line.

1922. 1923. 1924. 639,709 951,001 1,177,234 52,431 73,838 82,505

29

VI.-GOVERNMENT AND AIDED INSTITUTIONS.

(a)--HOSPITALS.

Government Hospitals consist of the Civil Hospital, to which is attached an isolated Maternity Hospital, the Victoria Hospital for Women and Children, and the Kennedy Town Infectious Diseases Hospital.

The Civil Hospital contains 198 beds in 23 wards. 6,100 in-patients and 31,347 out-patients were treated during 1924 as against 5,455 and 28,297 respectively in 1923. 1,020 cases of malarial fever were admitted as against 647 in 1923 and 484 in 1922. The total cases of malaria for all Government Hospitals and the Tung Wa a Hospital shows an increase of 385 cases as compared with the year 1923. The Maternity Hospital contains 9 beds for Europeans, plus 3 extra beds, and 8 for Asiatics. 789 confinements occurred during the year as against 787 in 1923. The Victoria Hospital at the Peak contains 41 beds, and during 1924, 317 patients were under treatment there. At Kennedy Town Hospital, which contains 26 beds, 27 cases were treated in 1924, being infectious.

(b)-LUNATIC ASYLUM.

The Asylum is under the direction of the Superintendent of the Civil Hospital. European and Chinese patients are separated, the European portion containing 14 beds in separate wards and the Chinese portion 16 beds. 367 patients of all races were treated during 1924 and there was 7 deaths.

(c.)-THE TUNG WA AND OTHER CHINESE HOSPITALS.

The Tung Wa Hospital, opened in 1872, is mainly supported by the voluntary subscriptions of Chinese, but receives an annual grant of $8,000 from the Government. Only Chinese are treated in this institution. Various other services not appertaining to a hospital are performed by the institution, such as the free burial of the poor, the repatriation of destitutes, the maintenance of free vernacular schools, and the organisation of charitable relief in emergencies, Chinese as well as European methods of treatment are employed in accordance with the wishes expressed by the patients or their friends. Over half the number are now treated by Western methods. The hospital is managed by a committee of Chinese gentlemen annually elected, their appointment being sub- mitted to the Governor for confirmation. It is under the supervi- sion of a visiting physician, who is a member of the Medical Department, whilst two Chinese house surgeons, trained in Western medicine, are members of the hospital staff. There are 450 beds in the buildings, and 9,940 patients were accommodated during 1924.

30

The Tung Wa also maintain a branch hospital for small-pox cases (Chinese only) at Kennedy Town. It contains 70 beds and during 1924, 147 cases were treated.

The Alice Memorial and Affiliated Hospitals are managed and controlled by a General Committee consisting of subscribers and supporters of these institutions, and an Executive Committee consisting of representatives of the London Missionary Society and members of the General Committee.

The Affiliated Hospitals at present consist of the Alice Memorial Hospital Dispensary, temporarily replacing the Alice Memorial Hospital which was sold in 1921, the Nethersole Hospital, opened in 1893, the Alice Memorial Maternity Hospital opened in 1904, and the Ho Miu Ling Hospital opened in 1906.

The number of Inpatients in 1924 was 1,712, and the number of Outpatients, 13,504.

The total Expenditure was $58.133.93. The number of Labours in the Maternity Hospital in 1924 was 524. The Govern- ment grant to these Hospitals is $2,000.00 and a special grant is made to the Maternity Hospital of $300.00

The Kwong Wa Hospital for Chinese in the Kowloon Peninsula was opened on the 9th October, 1911. It occupies a site having an area of three acres and provides accommodation for 210 patients. The existing buildings contain 211 beds and 6,688 patients were accommodated during 1924. The collection of sub- scriptions and the supervision of the building were undertaken by a special committee under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. The hospital receives a grant of $8,500 per annum from the Government.

VII.-INSTITUTIONS NOT SUPPORTED BY GOVERNMENT,

One of the most important institutions in the Colony not sup- ported by the Government is the Matilda Hospital, which stands on a commanding site of nearly three acres at Mount Kellet in the Hill District. An account of this hospital will be found in the report for 1917.

Among institutions recognised and encouraged, but not to any considerable extent supported by Government may be mentioned the Pó Leung Kuk, the Eyre Refuge, the City Hall, and the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

:

}

30

The Tung Wa also maintain a branch hospital for small-pox cases (Chinese only) at Kennedy Town. It contains 70 beds and during 1924, 147 cases were treated.

The Alice Memorial and Affiliated Hospitals are managed and controlled by a General Committee consisting of subscribers and supporters of these institutions, and an Executive Committee consisting of representatives of the London Missionary Society and members of the General Committee.

The Affiliated Hospitals at present consist of the Alice Memorial Hospital Dispensary, temporarily replacing the Alice Memorial Hospital which was sold in 1921, the Nethersole Hospital, opened in 1893, the Alice Memorial Maternity Hospital opened in 1904, and the Ho Miu Ling Hospital opened in 1906.

The number of Inpatients in 1924 was 1,712, and the number of Outpatients, 13,504.

The total Expenditure was $58.133.93. The number of Labours in the Maternity Hospital in 1924 was 524. The Govern- ment grant to these Hospitals is $2,000.00 and a special grant is made to the Maternity Hospital of $300.00

The Kwong Wa Hospital for Chinese in the Kowloon Peninsula was opened on the 9th October, 1911. It occupies a site having an area of three acres and provides accommodation for 210 patients. The existing buildings contain 211 beds and 6,688 patients were accommodated during 1924. The collection of sub- scriptions and the supervision of the building were undertaken by a special committee under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. The hospital receives a grant of $8,500 per annum from the Government.

VII.-INSTITUTIONS NOT SUPPORTED BY GOVERNMENT,

One of the most important institutions in the Colony not sup- ported by the Government is the Matilda Hospital, which stands on a commanding site of nearly three acres at Mount Kellet in the Hill District. An account of this hospital will be found in the report for 1917.

Among institutions recognised and encouraged, but not to any considerable extent supported by Government may be mentioned the Pó Leung Kuk, the Eyre Refuge, the City Hall, and the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

:

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32

VIII.--CRIMINAL AND POLICE.

The total of all cases reported to the Police was 17,566 being an increase of 3,366 or 237 per cent. as compared with 1923. There was in 1924 an increase in serious offences of 548 or 137 per cent. as compared with the previous year. The number of serious offences reported was 170 over the average of the quin- quennial period commencing with the year 1920. The number of minor offences reported shows an increase of 2,818 as compared with 1923 and was 3,424 over the average of the quinquennial period.

The total strength of the Police Force in 1924 was Europeans 235, Indians 504, Chinese 805 making a total of 1,544 exclusive of the six superior officers and staff of clerks and coolies. These figures include police paid for by the railway and other Government departments. Of this force 15 Europeans, 29 Indians, and 141 Chinese were stationed in the New Territories during the year.

The District Watchmen Force, numbering 122, to which the Government contributes $2,000 per annum, was well supported by the Chinese during the year. These watchmen patrol the streets in the Chinese quarter of the City. They are placed on police beats and are supervised by the European police on section patrol. A detective branch of the force has done useful work under the supervision of a European Inspector.

The total number of persons committed to Victoria Gaol was 7,382 as compared with 5,338 in 1923. Of these 1,644 were committed for criminal offences against 926 in 1923. Of committals for noncriminal offences there were 23 more for hawking without a licence, and 30 less for unlawfully boarding steamers, than in 1923.

The daily average of prisoners confined in the Gaol was 106 the average for 1923 being 861, and the highest previous average being 707 in 1922. The percentage of prisoners to population, according to the daily average of the former and the estimated number of the latter, was 013. The average percentage for the last ten years was 012. Owing, however, to the large floating population, which is constantly moving between the Colony and Canton, the percentage of crime to population does not convey an accurate idea of the comparative criminality of the residents of the Colony. The Victoria Gaol has accommodation for 700 prisoners including patients in Hospital. The Branch Prison at Laichikok has accommodation for 350 prisoners in association.

The prison discipline was very satisfactory, the average of punishments per prisoner being 0 43 as compared with 0.5 in 1923 and 0.52 in 1922.

Long sentence prisoners serving two years and upwards are taught useful trades, including printing, book-binding, tin- smithing, mat-making, tailoring, carpentering, etc. The profit on the work done was $121,664.03 as against $116,714.72 in 1923. A sum of $4,427 was received and credited to Government for non-Government work as against $4,207 in 1923.

}

*

33

IX.-VITAL STATISTICS.

(a.)-POPULATION.

The civil population of the Colony, according to the census taken on April 24th, 1921, was 625,166, of whom 83,163 reside in the New Territories and in New Kowloon; at the census taken in 1911 it was. 456,739 with 104,287 as the figure for the New Territories and New Kowloon. The estimated total population at the middle of the year under review was 799,550, but this includes the New Territories; and, as the birth and death figures given below do not include those from this area (with the exception of New Kowloon), the population for the purposes of calculating these rates is estimated at 714,550, of whom 16,000 were non-Chinese.

The distribution of population estimated to the middle of 1924 was as follows:-

Non-Chinese Civil Community,....

Chinese

Population.

16,000

City of Victoria (including Peak),... Villages of Hongkong,

420,000

29,800

Kowloon (including New Kowloon),

180,000

New Territories,

85,000

Population afloat,

68,750

783,550

799,550

Total Chinese Population, ...

Total Civil Population,

(b.)-PUBLIC HEALTH AND SANITATION.

The activity in building operations, which has been so 'notice- able a feature since 1912, has not abated, and the demand for housing accommodation by the Chinese continued to be greatly in excess of the supply, as many of those who fled with their families to Hongkong during 1911, 1912, and 1913 elected to remain in the Colony.

The birth-rate for the year was 5'47* per 1,000 among the Chinese community and 18-25 per 1,000 among the non-Chinese community, as compared with 6'97 and 23:03 for 1923.

The death-rate for the year was 219 per 1,000 among the Chinese community and 15-86 among the non-Chinese civil com- munity, as compared with 23-27 and 14:83 for 1923.

The deaths from Malaria numbered 707 (674 in 1923). The deaths of Chinese from this cause in the City of Victoria numbered 187 out of a population of 420,000 or a rate of 0.44 per 1,000 per annum.

The deaths from Plague numbered nil as compared with 136 in 1923.

*This figure is wholly misleading as it is impossible to register more than a portion of the births.

+

34

Small-pox deaths numbered 795, of which all but seven were

Chinese.

There were 4,319 deaths from respiratory diseases other than Pulmonary Tuberculosis as compared with 4,317 in 1923, and 44 of these were among the Non-Chinese community. Pulmonary Tuber- culosis claimed 1,718 Chinese and 31 non-Chinese victims whilst other forms of Tuberculosis represent an additional 609 deaths making a total of 2,358 or 15:16 per cent. of the total deaths among the community.

Beri-beri was responsible for 1,502 deaths, as compared with 1,270 during 1923 and 892 in 1922.

A tabular statement of the principal causes of death is appended.

(c.)-CLIMATE.

The climate of Victoria is similar in its broad features to that of Kowloon and the New Territories, but at the higher levels, from 1,400 to 1,800 feet above sea level the temperature is on the average about 3° lower than at the Observatory, Kowloon, in the winter, and 8° lower in the summer. The humidity is usually greater than in Kowloon and approaches saturation for several days at a time during March and April when mist is very prevalent. In summer the city of Victoria, and the rising terraces behind it, derive little or no benefit from the SW monsoon, being sheltered by steep hills from SE to SW. In winter it is exposed to the NE monsoon, which occasionally blows along the harbour through Lyemun Pass with considerable violence. On the other hand the south-west side of the Island is protected from the NE monsoon in winter and enjoys the benefit of the SW monsoon in summer.

For further particulars see Appendix F.

POSTAL AND TELEGRAPH SERVICES.

The total revenue from the postal service in 1924 amounted to $754,928.26 being $40,588.23 more than that collected in 1923. The net expenditure amounted to $269,568.06. The balance of revenue over expenditure amounted to $485,360.20.

The revenue collected in 1924 from radio-telegrams amounted to $69,496.41 being $23,383.17 more than that collected in 1923. Advices of vessels signalled at the lighthouses yielded $916.40 and semaphore messages $11.65 making a total of $70,424.46 for the telegraph service. The expenditure amounted to $51,561.93 The number of radio-telegrams forwarded during the year was 11,720 consisting of 107,771 words, and 12,628 received consisting of 142,325 words.

CLAUD SEVERN,

Colonial Secretary.

28th July, 1925.

+

34

Small-pox deaths numbered 795, of which all but seven were

Chinese.

There were 4,319 deaths from respiratory diseases other than Pulmonary Tuberculosis as compared with 4,317 in 1923, and 44 of these were among the Non-Chinese community. Pulmonary Tuber- culosis claimed 1,718 Chinese and 31 non-Chinese victims whilst other forms of Tuberculosis represent an additional 609 deaths making a total of 2,358 or 15:16 per cent. of the total deaths among the community.

Beri-beri was responsible for 1,502 deaths, as compared with 1,270 during 1923 and 892 in 1922.

A tabular statement of the principal causes of death is appended.

(c.)-CLIMATE.

The climate of Victoria is similar in its broad features to that of Kowloon and the New Territories, but at the higher levels, from 1,400 to 1,800 feet above sea level the temperature is on the average about 3° lower than at the Observatory, Kowloon, in the winter, and 8° lower in the summer. The humidity is usually greater than in Kowloon and approaches saturation for several days at a time during March and April when mist is very prevalent. In summer the city of Victoria, and the rising terraces behind it, derive little or no benefit from the SW monsoon, being sheltered by steep hills from SE to SW. In winter it is exposed to the NE monsoon, which occasionally blows along the harbour through Lyemun Pass with considerable violence. On the other hand the south-west side of the Island is protected from the NE monsoon in winter and enjoys the benefit of the SW monsoon in summer.

For further particulars see Appendix F.

POSTAL AND TELEGRAPH SERVICES.

The total revenue from the postal service in 1924 amounted to $754,928.26 being $40,588.23 more than that collected in 1923. The net expenditure amounted to $269,568.06. The balance of revenue over expenditure amounted to $485,360.20.

The revenue collected in 1924 from radio-telegrams amounted to $69,496.41 being $23,383.17 more than that collected in 1923. Advices of vessels signalled at the lighthouses yielded $916.40 and semaphore messages $11.65 making a total of $70,424.46 for the telegraph service. The expenditure amounted to $51,561.93 The number of radio-telegrams forwarded during the year was 11,720 consisting of 107,771 words, and 12,628 received consisting of 142,325 words.

CLAUD SEVERN,

Colonial Secretary.

28th July, 1925.

Light Dues ..

FINANCIAL RETURNS FOR THE Y

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF THE REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE FOR

HEADS OF REVENUE.

Estimates,

1924.

Actual Revenue to 31st Dec., 1924.

Revenue for

same

period of preceding Year.

Increase.

Decrease.

Light Dues, Special Assessment

**3*

$

$

$

135,000

150,689.01

137,455.61

13,233.40

145,000 165,639.40 151,097.65 14,541.75

Governor

Cadet Service

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise specified

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes,

and Reimbursements in Aid

Post Office ...

14,217,614 16,701,771.25 16,123,980.81 577,790.44

1,726,760 1,659,524.00 1,601,281.37 58,242.63

750,000

825.352.72 761,119.97 64,232.75

Colonial Secr

Secretariat for

Audit Departm

Treasury...

Harbour Mast

Imports & Ex

Royal Observa

Miscellaneous

Judicial and L

Police Depart

Kowloon-Canton Railway

730,000

420,186.15 474,721.78

Rent of Government Property, Land, and Houses

1,264,300 | 1,263,637.40 | 1,183,846.53

79,790.87

Interest

Miscellaneous Receipts

54,535.63

Fire Brigade

Prison Depart

Medical Depa

Sanitary Depa

Botanical and

Education De

650,000 721,810,40 577,986.73

143,823.67

Military Expe

Public Works

251,260 391,793.53 283,474.91

108,318.62

Do.

Do.

Post Office

Kowloon-Cant

TOTAL, (exclusive of Land Sales)

19,869,934 22,300,403.86 21,294,965.36 | 1,059,974.13 54,535.63

Charge on aco

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

TOTAL,

Deduct

Net

1,500,000 1,909,235.86 3,488,797.17

1,579,561.31

$ 21,369,934 24,209,639.72 24,783,762.53|| 1,059,974.13 | 1,634,096.94

|

:

$1,059,974.13

574,122.81

Pensions

Charitable Ser

RETURNS FOR THE YEAR 1924.

AND EXPENDITURE FOR THE PERIOD ENDED 31ST DECEMBER, 1924.

Decrease.

HEADS OF EXPENDITURE.

חו

5

+

'3

75

37

67

8

54,535.63

13

$4,535.63

Governor

Cadet Service

:

:

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legislature

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

Audit Department ..

Treasury

Harbour Master's Department

:

Imports & Exports Department...

Royal Observatory

Miscellaneous Services...

Judicial and Legal Departments...

Police Department

Fire Brigade

Prison Department

Medical Department

Sanitary Department

:

Botanical and Forestry Department

Education Department

Military Expenditure

Public Works Department

Recurrent

Do.

Do.

Extraordinary

Post Office

:

:

Kowloon-Canton Railway

Charge on account of Public Debt

Pensions

Charitable Services

1,579,561.31

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:..

:

:

:

:

:

:..

:

:

:

:

.131,634,096.94

TOTAL,

$1,059,974.13

$ 574,122.81

Deduct

Net...

...

...

Estimates, 1924

Actual Expenditure to 31st Dec., 1924.

Expenditure for same

period of preceding Year.

Increase.

Decrease.

$

$

93,064.00

100,831.47

94,100.92

6,730.55

336,082.00

289,630.18 300,211.05

10,580.87

67,230.00 69,991.32 60,759.08 9,232.24

33,124.00 27,512.96

28,795.63

1,282.67

53,478.00 51,592.62 48,196.15 3,396.47

73,633.00 76,662.66 70,880.33 5,782.33

309,096.00 623,395.92 316,994.95 306,400.97

1,002,143.00 872,557.69 908,095.52

35,537.83

49,142.00 52,638.49 38,374.11 14,264-38

779,220.00 1,092,558.10 | 1,828,078.38

735,520.28

304,102.00 305,286.92 285,009.31

20,277.61

1,758,277.00 1,877,948.69 | 1,633,832.14

244,116.55

476,606.00

359,088.00

360,539.co 383,362.70 324,698.26 58,664.44

502,882.89 402,761.76 100,121.13

797,034.00

670,945.48 620,390.31 50,555.17

82,390.00 86,516.80 77,157.40

945,642.01 1,054,530.00

4,066,475.00 4,299,887.34 4,033,500.36 266,386.98

199,570.25 166,783.43

32,786,82

9,359.40

856,367.04 89,274.97

1,092,542.00 1,184,767.90 901,782.71 282,985.19

1,135,500.00 1,793,968.69 1,424,532.80

369,435.89

6,997,100.00 8,112,785.49 4,716,602.94 3,396,182.55

372,336.00

257,573.59 123,492.33

134,081.26

1,671,572.00 1,329,927.46 757,030.11 572,897.35

998,603.00 941,923.95 964,810.00

22,886.05

534,800.00 503,929.39 486,167.76 17,761.63

66,961,00 72,137.48 102,499.94

30,362.46

$24,924,667.00 26,726,428.44 21,571,904.72 5,990,693.88

836,170.16

$836,170.16

$5,154,523.72

1

Statement of Assets and Liabilities on the 31st December, 1924.

LIABILITIES.

$

C.

ASSETS.

!

$

C.

Deposits not Available....................

1,118,530.86

Subsidiary Coins Advances

990,091.10

195,179.07

Postal Agencies

29,577.59

Building Loans....

Shipping Control Account

2,220,493.91

House Service Account

Overdraft-Bank

1,417,388.33

Suspense Account.............

4,785.55

Imprest,...

Crown Agents' Deposit Account Unallocated Stores, (P.W.D.).. Unallocated Stores, (Railway) Coal Account

Investment Account

989,900.00

2,800.96

8,693.85 3,314,426.96*

566,979.87

+

211,446.65

103,774.88

Total Liabilities

4,790,776.24

Fixed Deposit Account

8,972,105.70t

500,000.00

Crown Agents' Current Account

42,926.49

Balance....

13,107,549.29

Total

.$

17,898,325.53

Total

$

17,898,325.53

* Cash lent at Interest....

Cash on Deposit

Invested as follows:-

£ 7,000 Os. Od.

.£ 624,088 4s. 1d.

STOCK.

NOMINAL VALUE.

ACTUAL Cost.

MARKET VALUE,

Hongkong 6% War Loan 1921-1928

Cape of Good Hope (1916-36)

$120,000.00

$120,000.00

$120,000.00

Do.

(1929-49)

% Stock. 31%%%

£10,650. 0. 0

£9,856.12. 3

(94)

(94)

£10,011. 0. 0

7,073.13. 2

"2

5,793.13. 8

(82)

5,800. 8. 0

Do.

(1933-43)

3

6,650. 0. 0

5,204. 2. 6

(79)

Ceylon (1940)

3

Funding Loan (1960-90)

2,982.15. 7 835,000. 0.0

2,421. 2. 7

(82)

5,253.10. 0

2,445.17. 7

662,991.14.9

(894)

749.412.10. 0

Gold Coast (1939-59)

>>

Grenada (1917-42)

Jamaica (1934)

4

Do. (1919-49)

34

635. 9. 8 292.13.10 2,000. 0. 0 3,000. 0. 0

559. 3. 9

(88)

559. 4. 6

261. 9. 5

(91)

266. 7. 0

1,835. 4. 0

(96)

1,920. 0. 0

2,515.15. 0

""

(83xD). 2,490. 0. 0

Natal (1937)

1,000. 0. 0

927.12. 0

(93)

930, 0, 0

Do. (1934-44)

200, 0. 0

167.11. 0

"

(84)

168. 0. 0

Do. (1914-39)

5,500, 0, 0

"}

4,728, 0. 0

(86)

1,730. 0. 0

Do. (1929-49)

3

5,100. 0. 0

>>

3,805.10. 6

(74)

3,774, 0, 0

New Castle Corporation (1945-55)

New Zealand (1944)

20,000. 0. 0

""

§ 4,000, 0. 0

(T)

4,000. 0. 0

100,000, 0, 0

95,751. 0. 0

(99)

99,000, 0, 0

Do.

(1949)

Do.

(1940)

.4

40,000. 0. 0

>>

38,464.10.0

(97)

38,800, 0. 0

31

Do. (1945)

Plymouth (1929)....

Queensland (1926-29)

Do. (1920-25).

3

4 3

3,389. 1. 2 3,000, 0, 0 84,000. 0. 0

2,895.10. 8

(86)

2,914.11.10

2,310. 4. 0

(78)

2,340. 0, 0

23

83,948.10. 0 (D)

83,948.10. 0

5

23,500. 0.0

23,265. 0. 0101)

23,735, 0. 0

41% Deb.

25,000. 0. 0

24,391.12.6| (101)

25,250. 0, 0

Do.

(1920-25).

44% Stock.

Do. (1930)

"}

Southern Nigeria (1930-55)

18,000. 0. 0 33,200. 0, 0 634.10. 3

17,697. 5. 0

(101)

18,180. 0. 0

30,855, 5. 0

(91)

30,212. 0. 0

510. 5. 6

""

(81)

513.19. 1

Strait Settlements (1935-45)

3,400, 0, 0

3,336.11. 0

"

(98)

3,332. 0, 0

Sudan (1950-74)

14,800. 0. 0

27

§ 3,108. 0. 0 (1)

3,108. 0. 0

Trinidad (1917-42)

4,000. 0. 0

""

3,711.12. 0 (93)

3,720, 0. 0

Union of South Africa (1940-60)

21,000. 0. 0

>>

$14,595. 0. 0 | (¶)

14,595. 0. 0

Western Australia (1934)

1,300. 0. 0

1,226.14. 0 (94XD)

1,222, 0. O

Part payment.

Hongkong, 22nd April, 1925.

!

£1,275,308, 3. 8 | £1,051,187.11.11

No quotation.

£1,142,631.18. 0

C. Mcl. MESSER,

Treasurer.

Appendix A (1)

REPORT ON THE FINANCES FOR THE YEAR 1924.

REVENUE.

The total revenue for the year amounted to $24,209,640 being $2,839,706 more than the estimate and $574,123 less than the revenue in 1923. Compared with that year there were increases under all the heads except Kowloon Canton Railway and Land Sales.

2. The principal sub-heads showing excess over the estimate were as follows

(a) Carriage, Chair, &c. Licences .....$ (b) Fines...

(c) Forfeitures

(d) Liquor Licences

(e) Opium Monopoly,

45,966

63,160

126,768

32,410

1,647,043

(f) Stamp Duties

...

504,677

() Tobacco Duties,

207,105

(h) Postage

54,928

(i) K. C. R. Coaching, Local traffic

162,943

(j) Condemned Stores

$7,442

(k) Land Sales...

...

...

409.236

(7) Interest

71,810

The increases were due (a), (d) to more licences issued, (b) to more fines, (c) to more forfeitures, (e), (k) underestimation (g), (h) increased sales, (f) large estate duties (1) expansion of through local traffic () sale of Shanghai Post Office and (/) increased balances.

3. The principal deficits compared with the Estimates were :

(a) Assessed Taxes,...

...

119,813

(b) Liquor Duties ...

20,737

(c) China Companies Fees

27,240

(d) Medical Examination of Emi-

grants

23,684

(e) Water Excess Supply and Meter

Rents...

59.466

(7) Coaching Through Traffic

448,538

(4) Goods Through Traffic

39,540

(1) Leased Lands

45,303

EXPENDITURE.

4. The total expenditure brought to account amounted to $26,726,428 being $1,801,761 more than the estimate, and $5,154,524 more than the expenditure in 1923.

.

A (1) 2

Compared with the Estimates there were savings under eleven heads.

Miscellaneous expenditure exceeded the estimate by $313,338 mainly due to the following items :-

Rent allowances (Asiatic staff) Stationery...

..$

31,164

59,732

Transport of Government Servants Flood Relief Fund

Purchase of "The Bracket"

Crown Agents Commission

Gratuity to Mr. T. L. Perkins...

Contribution to British Empire

Cancer Campaign

Grant to Hongkong Boy Scouts

Association

99,147

50,000

36,000

7,656

...

8,571

8.496

4,000

$ 304,766

Military Expenditure exceeded the estimate by $233,412 due to increase in revenue.

Expenditure in connection with the construction of a Rescue Tug, the renewal of Moorings, provision of a new Typhoon Buoy, the introduction of anti-piracy Patrol Launches and other miscel- laneous items resulted in the Harbour Department's vote being exceeded by $314,300.

Less opium was purchased during the year decreasing the expenditure under this head by $157,964.

The principal factor responsible for the decreased expenditure of $159,518 in the Estimates for the Fire Brigade Department was due to non-completion of the new Fire Float a sum of $34,000 being spent out of the $180,000 estimated.

The Sanitary Department showed a decrease of $126,089 due to savings on Salaries, Exhumation, Fuel and other items.

Expenditure in the Education Department was less than the estimate by $108,888 on account of unpaid Building Grants and other savings.

Excess Expenditure under the votes P. W. R. Hongkong "Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages"-5356,336; "Maintenance of Buildings"-$78,541; “Improvements to Buildings"-41,649; and Water Works "Maintenance of City and Hill District"- $41,687, were the principal factors responsible for the excess of $658,469 under Public Works Recurrent.

A (1) 3

A sum of $2,142,689 was expended on Compensation and Resumptions against an estimate of $100,000. There were savings due to works being delayed or deferred owing to various causes resulting in a total excess expenditure under Public Works Extraordinary of $1,115,685.

There was a saving of a sum of $341,645 under the Kowloon Canton Railway, the estimates for certain items of Rolling Stock and Constructional Works under the head "Special Expenditure” being partly expended only.

5. The Expenditure for the year exceeded the Revenue by the sum of $2,516,788.

6. The following statement shows the Liabilities and Assets on the 31st December, 1924 :~

LIABILITIES.

$

C.

ASSETS.

..

Deposits not Available

1,118,530.86 Subsidiary Coins

990,091.10

Advances

195,179.07

Postal Agencies

29,577.59 Building Loans

989,900.00

Imprest

2,800.96

Shipping Control Ac.

2,220,493.91

House Service A/c.,

8,693.85

Crown Agents' De-

Overdraft-Bank

1,417,388.33

posit Account

5.314,

,426.96*

Unallocated Stores,

Suspense Acconut

4,785.55

(P. W. D.),....

566,979.87

Unallocated Stores,

(Railway)

211,446.65

Coal Account..

103,774,88

Investment Accouut 18,972,105.70†

Fixed Deposit A/c... 500,000.00

Crown Agents' Cur-

rent Account

42,926.49

Total Liabilities

4,790,776.21

Balance

18,107,519.29

Total

$17,898,325.53

Total 17,898,325.53

* Cash lent at Interest......

£7,000 Os. Od.

Cash on Deposit........

....£624,088 4.5. ld.

† Invested as follows:-

STOCK.

NOMINAL VALUE.

ACTUAL COST.

MARKET VALUE.

· A (1)

Hongkong 6% War Loan 1921-1928

Cape of Good Hope (1916-36)

Do.

(1929-49)

Do.

(1933-43)

Ceylon (1940)

3

Funding Loan (1960-90).

Gold Coast (1939-59)

Grenada (1917-42)

Jamaica (1934)

Do. (1919-49)

}}

Natal (1987)

1,000. 0. 0

""

$120,000.00

$120,000.00

$120,000.00

% Stock.

£10,650. 0. 0

£9,856.12. 3 | (94)

£10,011. 0. 0

7,073.13. 2

5,793.13. 8 (82) 5,204 2.6 (79) 2,421. 2. 7

5,800. 8. 0

5,253.10. 0

AA

(82)

2,445.17. 7

749,412.10. 0

وو

(88)

559, 4. 6

266. 7. 0

1,920. 0. 0

2,490. 0. 0

930. 0. 0

Do. (1934-44)

>>

Do. (1914-39)

"}

Do. (1929-49)

5,500, 0, 0

5,100. 0. 0

""

New Castle Corporation (1945-55)

20,000. 0.0

77

New Zealand (1944)

100,000, 0. 0

وو

Do. (1929)

40,000. 0. 0

Do.

(1940)

"

Do. (1945)

""

Plymouth (1929)

Queensland (1926-29)

Do.

""

3,389. 1. 2 3,000. 0. 0 84,000. 0. 0 23,500. 0. 0

6,650. 0. 0

2,982.15. 7 835,000. 0. 0

635. 9. 8

292.13.10

2,000. 0.0

3,000. 0. 0

200, 0. 0

662,991.14.9 (892)

559. 3. 9 264. 9. 5 | (91) 1,835. 4. 0 | (96)

(83XD)

2,515.15. 0 | (83xD) 927.12. 0 | (93) 167.11. 0 | (84) 4,728. 0. 0) (86) 3,805.10. 6 (74) § 4,000. 0. 0 (1) 95,751. 0. 0 | (99) 38,464.10. 0 (97) 2,895.10. 8 | (86) 2,310. 4. 0 | (78) 83,948.10. 0 ¦ (1) 23,265, 0. 0 | (101)

168. 0. 0

4,730. 0. 0 3,774, 0. 0

4,000. 0.

99,000. 0. 0 38,800. 0. 0 2,914.11.10

2,340. 0. 0

83,948.10. 0

23,735, 0. 0

(1920-25)

Deb.

25,000. 0.0

24,391.12. 6 (101)

25,250. 0. 0

Do.

(1920-25)

%Stock.

Do. (1930)

""

Southern Nigeria (1930-55)

18,000. 0. 0 33,200. 0. 0 634.10. 3

17,697. 5. 0❘ (101)

30,855. 5. 0 | (91)

18,180. 0. 0 30,212. 0. 0

510. 5. 6 (81)

513.19. 1

Strait Settlements (1935-45)

"}

3,400. 0. 0

3,336.11. 0 | (98)

3,332. 0. 0

Sudan (1950-74)

14,800. 0. 0

§ 3,108, 0. 0

(91)

3,108. 0. 0

Trinidad (1917-42)

4,000. 0. 0

3,711.12. 0 | (93)

3,720. 0. 0

Union of South Africa (1940-60)

21,000. 0.0

"}

$ 14,595.,0.0

(1)

14,595. 0. 0

Western Australia (1934)

1,300. 0. 0

1,226.14.0 (94xv)

1,222, 0. 0

"2

£1,275,308. 3. 8 £1,051,187.11.1

£1,142,631.18. 0

§ Part payment.

No quotation.

A (1) 5-

7. The following table shows the Revenue and Expenditure during the last five years:-

1920.

1921.

Revenue,

14,689,672

S 17,728,132

1922. $ 22,291,065

1923. $

1924.

S

24,783,763

24,209,640

Expenditure,

14,489,594

15,739,652

18,563,003

21,571,905

26,726,428

Surplus,

200,078

1,988,480 3,728,062

3,211,858

Deficit,

2,516,788

PUBLIC DEBT.

8. The Inscribed Stock Loans of 1893 and 1906 amounted to £1,485,733 and the Sinking Fund stood at £467,442 being £34,850 more than the amount at credit of that fund at the end of 1923.

The local Loan (under Ordinance No. 12 of 1916) stood at $3,000,000 with a Sinking Fund of $1,444,169 and £103,453 sterling.

GENERAL REMARKS.

9. The total receipts and payments in the Treasury books during the year were $75,864,123 and $77,238,584 respectively. The figures not accounted for under revenue and expenditure relate to transactions under various heads such as Deposits, Advances, Subsidiary Coin, Unallocated Stores, etc.

10. Subsidiary coins in stock on the 31st December were as follows:

--

50 cents

3,000

20

...

...

...

>>

...

...

10 5

22

Copper

8,315 734,349

219,719

:

...

:

:

24,708

$990,091

Orders were placed with the Royal mint for a further supply of 5,000,000 Copper one cent coins which were taken on stock during the year.

The nominal amount of coins in circulation was $17,864,370 and the market value stood at practically par.

11. The local circulation of notes and Specie in Reserve of the three Banks having authorized issues were as follows on 31st December:

Hongkong & Shanghai Banking

Corporation...

Notes in Circulation

Specie in Reserve.

...$49,603,461 $29,900,000

Chartered Bank of India, Aus-

tralia & China

Mercantile Bank of India, Limited

11,611,486

5,000,000

1,296,455

550,000

$62,511,402 $35,450,000

A (1) 6 -

12. The Treasurer was appointed Estate Duty Commissioner as from 1st February, 1924 and the amount realised during the year for Estate duties was $1,142,987.

13. The rate of exchange for the Estimates was taken at 2/2 whereas the average rate for purposes of conversion in the Treasury books was 2/43.

C. McI. MESSER.

1st May, 1925.

Treasurer.

Appendix B.

REPORT ON THE ASSESSMENT FOR THE YEAR 1925-1926.

1. By Order of His Excellency the Governor in Council a new valuation of the whole Colony has been made and the Rateable Value has thereby been increased from $22,147,951 to $27,287,862 an addition of $5,139,911 or 23.20 per cent.

2. The following Table gives a comparison of the Assessments for 1924-1925 and 1925-1926 :—

DISTRICT.

VALUATION

1924-1925.

VALUATION 1925-1926.

INCREASE.

PER CENT.

%

The City of Victoria.. Hill District,.............

16,729,945

16,729,945

19,614,584

19,614,581

2,884,639 17·24

440,305

483,735

Shaukiwan, Saiwanho,

and Quarry Bay,

493,290

601,115

Hongkong Villages,

576,429 1,510,024

890,429

1,975,279

465,25530-81

Kowloon Point,

1,105,050

1,451,326

Yaumati,

1,022,010

1,613,150

Mongkoktsui,

575,890

1,047,910

Hunghom & Hokun,

534,570

629,220

Kowloon Villages,

177,319

209,720

New Territories,

493,143 3,907,982

746,673 5,697,999

1,790,017 45.80

Total,...... $

22,147,951

27,287,862

5,139,911 23:20

3. The number of tenements reported to be vacant averaged about 185 monthly, as compared with 104 last year.

4. During the year ending 15th May, 1925, 3,467 Interim Valuations were made as follows:-

CITY OF VICTORIA.

REST OF COLONY,

No.

Rateable Value.

No.

Rateable Value.

.

New or rebuilt tenements and

tenements structurally altered ...

872

2,871,660

1,567

1,734,610

Assessments cancelled, tenements]

resumed, pulled down or being in other respects not rateable.......

Number and increase

594

834,250

434

168,677

1,466

2,037,410

2,001

1,565,933

B 2-

5. The following comparative statement shows the Rateable Value of the Colony of Hongkong in each of the ten years from 1916-1917 to 1925-1926 inclusive :-

Year.

Value.

$

1916-17

14,282,186

1917-18

14,410,153

127,967

1918-19

15,638,736 1,228,583

Increase Decrease

Rateable as compared as compared

in Rateable Value Increase or Decrease

with pre-

with pre-

vious year.

vious year.

$

5,099

as compared with previous year.

%

0.03 Decrease. 0.89 Increase.

8.52 do.

Percentage of

1919-20

16,304,801

666,065

4.25 do.

1920-21

17,408,959 1,104,185

6.77 do.

1921-22

18,696,660 1,287,701

7.40 do.

1922-23

19,805,929 1,109,269

5.91

do.

1923-24

21,059,700 1,253,771

6.33

do.

1924-25

22,147,951 1,088,251

5.16

do.

1925-26

27,287,862 5,139,911

23.20

do.

6. In the ten years 1916-1917 to 1925-1926 the Rateable Value of the Colony has increased by $13,005,676 or 91.06 per cent.

THE TREASURY,

23rd May, 1924.

C. McI. MESSER, Treasurer & Assessor.

Appendix C.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS FOR THE YEAR 1924.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

(Tables I and II)

REVENUE.

1. The revenue derived from all sources during the year was $18,716; more than that for 1923 by $1,939.

EXPENDITURE.

2. The total expenditure was $27,513 as compared with $28,795 in 1922.

PROTECTION OF WOMEN AND GIRLS.

(Table III).

Women and Girls Protection Ordinance, No. 4 of 1897.

Po Leung Kuk Incorporation Ordinance, No. 6 of 1893.

3. The number of persons detained under warrant and sent direct to the Po Leung Kuk during the year was 35 as compared with 57 in 1923; the action taken in each case (as also in those cases not decided at the end of 1923) is shewn in Table III. The number of women whose detention was found unnecessary and who were allowed to leave after investigation was 10 or 28.5%, as compared with 48 or 84.2% in 1923; 14 were sent to their native places; 1 was released under bond; 3 were restored to their relatives; 6 were sent to Charitable Institutions in China ; while 1 case was still under consideration on December 31st.

4. In this year one name was added to the list of girls under bond to report themselves periodically to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. The names of two girls who were married were struck off the list. The number of names on the list on December 31st, was 9.

5. The number of persons reported by Hongkong residents to the Po Leung Kuk as missing during the year was 49, of whom 24 were found, as compared with 46 and 25 in 1923. The total number of persons reported missing including reports from China and Macao was 63, of whom 30 were found, as compared with 25 out of 63 in 1923.

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EMIGRATION.

Asiatic Emigration Ordinance, No. 30 of 1915. (i).-EMIGRATION OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN, (FREE).

(Table IV).

6. The number of female and minor passengers examined and allowed to proceed abroad was 19,622 (women 12,548, girls 2,069 and boys 5,005) as compared with 18,479 in 1923.

7. The record of the occupations of the female emigrants over 16 years of age

shows that out of a total of 12,548, 4,096 were going to join relatives, 4,370 with relatives or husbands, 445 as tailoresses, 457 as prostitutes, 2,990 as maidservants or nurses, 3 as cooks, 136 to work on the land. There were also 32 actresses, 10 hairdressers, 5 students and 4 miners.

8. 3 women were detained for enquiries; 26 were detained

in 1923.

9. Repatriation of Women and Girls.-

(a) From Singapore.--Seventy-nine (79) prostitutes were sent back from Singapore of whom seventy-three (73) were re- turned on the ground that they were too young to practise prosti- tution.

An application was received for the recovery of a woman. who had emigrated to Singapore but she has not yet been found.

(b) From Penang.-Oue prostitute was repatriated during the year.

(c) From Perak.-2 girls taken into Perak for immoral pur- pose were returned at their own request and handed back to their mothers.

(d) From Bangkok.-1 girl who was supposed to have been kidnapped from China was sent back to her relatives at Canton.

10. Prosecutions under the Women and Girls Protection Or- dinance undertaken by this office number 7 with 4 convictions as compared with 14 cases and 11 convictions in 1923.

(ii).-MALE EMIGRATION, (ASSISTED).

(Table V).

11. The figures for the year show a decline in the number of assisted emigrants, which was only about 80% of the number in 1923.

C 3

(a) Banca.-The assisted emigration to Banca continued during the year. There was an increase of about 50% as compar- ed with 1923.

(b) Deli, Sumatra.-The Assisted Emigration to Deli was only about 80% of that in comparison with 1923.

(c) British North Borneo, Sundakan and Miri.— The figures for 1924 were about 90% of those in 1923, but the total is still below that of 1920.

(d) There were 577 emigrants to Ocean Island, 541 to Singapore, 4 to Solomon Island and 52 to Calcutta, while there- was no emigrant during the year to Billiton as against 2,611 in 1923.

(iii).--MISCELLANEOUS,

12. The total number of free emigrants to the Fiji Islands- passed through this office was 18 as compared with 55 in 1923. The men went as usual in small parties at irregular intervals.

13. Decrepits.-The number of decrepits repatriated was as follows:-

(a.) From Penang.-One hundred and sixty-four (164) as against 441 in 1923, of these 1 died in the Tung Wa Hospital and 3 left the Tung Wa Hospital of their own accord. The remainder were repatriated at the expense of the protector of Chinese, Penang.

(b.) From Singapore.-18 were returned from Singapore as- compared with 172 in 1923 and 12 in 1922.

(c.) From British North Borneo.-One hundred and eighty- nine (189) decrepits repatriated from British North Borneo as compared with one hundred and seventeen (117) in 1923, were sent to their homes in the usual way. All the charges incurred were refunded by Messrs. Gibb, Livingston and Company, the agents in Hongkong of the British North Borneo Government,

14. Repatriation of assisted emigrants.-

(a.) From Banca.-Three hundred and ninety-three (393) assisted coolies rejected by the medical officer were repatriated from Banca, as compared with ninety-three (93) in 1923. All were sent home by the Tung Wa Hospital and the expenses incurred refunded by the Holland China Trading Company by whom the coolies were recruited.

(b.) From Balik Pupan.-No assisted coolie rejected by the medical officer was repatriated from Balik Papan as compared with nine (9) in 1923.

15. Redemption of Assisted Emigrants.-Twenty (20) applica- tions of this nature were received as compared with ten (10) in 1923.

(a.) Banca.-Sixteen (16) applications were received, and all the men were repatriated and handed back to their relatives.

(b.) Singapore.-Two (2) applications were received and forwarded to the Protector of Chinese, Singapore, and all the men were repatriated and handed back to their relatives.

(c.) Deli, Sumatra. No application was received during the year as compared with 3 in 1923.

16. Six (6) passage broker's licences at $200 each were issued under the Asiatic Emigration Ordinance, No. 30 of 1915.

17. A classification of assisted emigrants according to language spoken is given in Table V.

THE BOARDING HOUSE ORDINANCE.

No. 23 of 1917.

18. Under this Ordinance Chinese Boarding Houses are divided into six classes for the purpose of licensing and regulation.

19. Class I, Chinese Hotels.-These are run very much on the lines of European Hotels, and are licensed for the sale of alcohol. There are only three houses of this class in the Colony, the Great Eastern, the Oriental and the Stag.

20. Class II, Hak: U.-These are large boarding houses, which cater principally for independent emigration and interport passenger business. During the year four (4) new boarding houses of this class were opened. At the end of the year the houses numbered forty-two (42) all of which had renewed their licences. The lawful accommodation provided by these forty-two (42) house is five thousand and sixty-three (5,063) persons as compared with three thousand three hundred and ninety-eight (3,398) for twenty three (23) houses in 1923.

The above two classes of Boarding Houses are reported to have done fair business during the year.

21. The distinction hitherto made between 1st and 2nd Class Hak U was abolished and the annual fee for the licence of a Hak U was fixed at $200, and conditions 9 and 10 of 1917 regulations, imposing maximum charges, were rescinded.

4

C 5

22. Class IV, Boarding Houses for Assisted Emigrants. These houses are mainly used by assisted emigrants and their recruiters, who may not, while in this Colony, be lodged in any other place. During the year four (4) existing houses were closed and no new ones opened. At the end of the year there were ten (10) houses in existence, with lawful accommodation for four hundred and five (405) men as compared with twelve (12) houses accommodating one thousand one hundred and fifty-one (1,151) men at the end of 1923.

During the year one (1) licence for the transfer of names of licensees, for the removal of premises or for the addition of floors was issued to Boarding Houses of Class II, as compared with two (2) licences issued to houses of classes II and IV in 1923.

23. Class V, Ku Lå Kun (lodging houses for coolies).-618 licences were issued as against 396 in 1923; of these 532 were renewed at the end of the year as against 385 in 1923. 6 licences were issued for transfer of name of licensee or for removal of premises as against 3 in 1923. No prosecution was instituted against houses of this class (in 1923 there were 5).

24. Class VI, Ku Kuny Ngoi U (lodging houses for em- ployees of firms).-217 licences were issued as against 251 in 1923; of these 196 were renewed at the end of the year as against 197 in 1923. 5 licences were issued for transfer of name of licensee or for removal of premises, (in 1923 there were also 5). No prosecution was instituted against houses of this class (in 1923 there was none).

25. Class VII, Hang Shun Kun (residential clubs for sea- men).-104 licences were issued as against 116 in 1923; of these 102 were renewed at the end of the year as against 110 in 1923. 4 licences were issued for transfer of name of licensee or for removal of premises as against 7 in 1923. No prosecutions were instituted against houses of this class (in 1923 there were also none).

REGULATION OF CHINESE.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.

(i.)-REGISTRATION OF HOUSEHOLDERS.

26. Nine hundred and fifty (950) householders were registered as against 1,082 in 1923; of these 171 were first registrations as against 107 in 1923; 1,037 changes of tenancy were also notified for registration as against 2,700 in 1923.

27. The number of Chinese business men in Victoria and Kowloon offering themselves as sureties to Government Depart- ments and reported on by this office was 1,015 as against 1,089 in 1923.

28. No non-resident householder was required to enter into a bond; there was also none in 1923. 33 certified extracts from the registers were issued as against 23 in 1923. 1 duplicate Householder's certificate was issued; there was none in 1923. 1 Householder's Removal Certificate was issued as against 6 in 1923.

(ii)-DISTRICT WATCHMEN.

(Table VI.)

29. The District Watchmen Committee met on 12 occasions : the average attendance being 12. The loyal advice and assistance of the Committee (which deals with every kind of question affecting the Chinese Community) continues to be of the greatest value to the Government.

30. Mr. Li Yau-tsun's term of 5 years expired and he was re-appointed by His Excellency the Governor for a further period of 5 years.

During 1924 the two members selected from the retiring Committee of the Tung Wa Hospital and the Po Leung Kuk who hold their appointments for one year, were Mr. Wong Ping Sun and Mr. Fok To Kai vice Mr. Lo Chung Kui and Mr. Li Shun Fan whose terms had expired.

31. The balance to the credit of the District Watchmen Fund at the end of the year was $45,714 as compared with $49,758, the expenditure thus exceeding the income by $4,044. Of the balance $28,000 is invested in Hongkong 6% War Loan, and the remainder $17,714 deposited in the Colonial Treasury.

32. The total strength of the District Watchmen Force at the end of the year was 122 while the approved establishment is 122.

33. The number of convictions secured by the Force was 498 as compared with 239 in 1923 and 289 in 1922.

34. In view of the rapid development of the Colony and the increase in its population, it has been felt for some years that the strength of the District Watch Force should be raised. In March an officer, Sergeant McLellan, was detailed from the regular police, and attached to this department for special work in charge of the regular duties and non-detective members of the Force. The opportunity was taken to recruit 20 more men, thus raising the total of men to 122. In order to meet the increased expenditure thus involved, the voluntary subscription rate paid by Chinese shops was increased by one-quarter per cent with effect from July the 1st. The result of Sergeant McLellan's- appointment has been to stimulate in a satisfactory manner

07

the men under his charge, while at the same time the essential character of the District Watch Force has been in no way sacrificed. With regard to the work of the detective branch of the Force, which has greatly increased in importance during the last few years, splendid work has again been done by Inspector Appleton throughout the year, and his impending retirement will be a severe loss to this department. The Captain Superintendent of Police was on occasion present by invitation at the Councils of the Committee, and it is satisfactory to note the close co-operation between the two forces. A site was granted by the Government for the new District Watchmen Quarters at Yaumati, and plans had been preparea and were under considera- tion at the end of the year.

(iii.)-PERMITS.

35. One thousand three hundred and one (1301) permits to fire crackers were issued as against eight hundred and eighty-nine (889) in 1923, and of these eight hundred and seventy five (875) were on the occasion of marriage.

36. Other permits issued were 35 for religious ceremonies and 6 for processions. 194 permits were issued for theatricals, 156 of which perfomances were held in permanent and 28 in temporary buildings.

MARRIAGES.

Ordinances No. 7 of 1875 and No. 6 of 1903.

37. The number of marriages solemnised during the year was 710 as compared with 154 in 1923. The number contracted at the Registrar's Office was 27. In 1923 it was 30.

CERTIFICATES OF IDENTITY TO CHINESE PROCEEDING TO ANY FOREIGN COUNTRIES.

Ordinance No. 6 of 1923.

38. 12 certificates were issued to Chinese to proceed to foreign countries as against 5 in 1923.

BRITISH BORN SUBJECT CERTIFICATES.

39. There were twelve applications for these certificates, eight of which were granted and certificates issued; four were refused.

There was an application for naturalisation, which was refused as the applicant was too young.

REGISTRATION OF BOOKS.

Ordinance No: 2 of 1888.

40. Thirty-eight books were registered during the year as compared with fifty-one in 1923.

www.m

TUNG WA HOSPITAL AND MAN MO TEMPLE.

Ordinances No. 1 of 1870, No. 9 of 1904 and No. 10 of 1908.

(Tables VII to XI)

41. The following is a list of the Directors for 1924:-

Ma Chi-lung,

Kwan Yik-chi,

Yik Kei-chau,

Au Long-hin, Tang Shiu-kin, Leung Ki-ho, Lai Man-wai,

Tong Hok-ting,

Uen Man-chun,

Chan Sui-ki,

Lau Yuk-wan,

Ho Tat-sang, Wong Tsui-chui,

Lam Lai-tin.

The following gentlemen were elected to form the Committes

for 1925:-

Ma Tsui-chiu,

Mok Ching-kong,

Kong Siu-lui,

Fung Siu-wai,

Su Shau-nam, Nở Fan-hiu. Kung Yeuk-man,

Tse Yat-cho,

Chau Tsun-nin,

Ng Tsang-luk, Chan Siu-hing, Choa Po-iu,

Chu Chik-man,

Chan Fun-tin.

42. The year's work (1924) was carried out with the usual efficiency and care. The chief event calling for special effort on the part of the Committee was the disastrous outbreak of floods in Kwong Tung. The appeal for help was urgent, and as usual met with generous response from the Chinese of this Colony as well as elsewhere. Over $400,000 was raised by Chinese subscription, and $50,000 was granted by the Hongkong Government. $97,255 was spent on measures of immediate relief, and $246,126 was allocated to the winter repair to embankments which always form so costly a part of relief work after exceptionally severe floods. In addition certain sums were voted from the Tung Wa Hospital Fund to the assistance of flood relief in Fukien Province and in North China.

43. The total number of in-patients admitted during 1924 was 9,149 as compared with 10,142 in 1923 and 8,079 in 1922. Of these 4,871 or 52% as against 51% in 1923 elected to be treated by European methods.

The out-patients numbered 197,736 as against 166,422 in 1923 and 166,002 in 1922, and of these 48,140 or 24% as against 25% in 1923, chose European treatment.

44. The number of surgical operations performed was 366 as against 357 in 1923. There were also 187 eye operations performed as against 113 in 1923.

45. The number of destitutes temporarily housed and then sent to their homes was 945 (1,009 in 1923); most of whom were sent to the Hospital from this office.

46. Of the Charitable Funds managed by the Hospital, the Man Mo Temple Fund (Table XI) shows an excess of receipts over expenditure of $44,729, an increase of $4,876 over the balance of 1923. The Maternity Hospital at Saiyingpun shows a credit balance of $894 (Table XII A).

47. The income from the Brewin Charity Fund for the year exceeded the expenditure by $7,746,39.

The amount spent in gratuities and pensions was $5,162 as compared with $4,963 in 1923 and $4,847 in 1922.

$6,000 is invested in Hongkong 6% War Bonds.

In June a pleasing ceremony took place at the Tung Wa Hospital when H.E. the Governor unveiled the portrait of Sir Richard Graves Macdonnell nuder whose governorship the Hospital was founded in 1871. A project was set on foot which received the warmest support from the Tung Wa Hospital Committee and many public-spirited gentlemen of the Colony, by which it is hoped that the sphere of the Tung Wa Hospital will be extended. The growth of the Colony has caused the accommodation at the Tung Wa Hospital to be unequal to the demand upon it, and it is proposed that a Branch Hospital shall be built in the Eastern District. Difficulty was experienced in finding a site in that part of the town. Various places were inspected by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs in conjunction with a Committee of Chinese gentlemen, and towards the close of the year a most promising site was found with the assistance of the Director of Public Works near Causeway Bay. Application has been made to Government for some 30,000 sq. ft. of land adjoining a new 100-foot road, and it is hoped that before long a Branch Hospital of the Tung Wa will be erected with 100 beds and room for further extension.

KWONG WA HOSPITAL,

Tables XIV to XV (B).

48. The work of the Hospital continued to show an increase during 1924. In all 6,460 patients were admitted (as against 6,039 in 1923) of whom 4,657 or 72% (as against 68% in 1923 and 69% in 1922) came under European treatment, while 1,803 elected to be treated by Chinese methods.

C 10

49. The total number of out-patients treated was 79,891 as against 68,179 in 1923; of these 31,572 elected to receive European treatment. This gives a percentage of 40 as against one of 36 in 1923.

The extension mentioned in last year's report was taken in hand and was nearing completion at the end of the year. This extension will help to relieve the pressure on the space hitherto available but the Kowloon Peninsula is developing at such a rate that further extension must soon become necessary. Mr. Lau Pui Sang and his colleagues on the Committee are to be con- gratulated on the manner in which they have attended to the building of the present extension. The garden lot in front of the hospital was also developed during the year.

CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES AND PLAGUE HOSPITALS.

(Tables XVI to XXI).

50. The total number of cases treated at the Dispensaries was 157,791 as compared with 142,744 in 1923. Of this total 87,570 were new and 70,221 return cases.

51. The total number of vaccinations performed was 7,769 as against 36,454 in 1923.

52. The total expenditure on the Dispensaries, was $43,989 as against $38,351 in 1923.

53. The net revenue of the Dispensaries, excluding a grant of $9,000 by Government was $48,582 as compared with $46,131 in 1923.

54. The two Kowloon Dispensaries at Hunghom and Sham- shuipo show balances of $4,883 and $11,995 respectively. In 1923 the balances were $4,408 and $6,878.

55. The number of dead and dying infants brought to the Dispensaries was 1,433 as against 1,510 in 1923.

56. 1,295 corpses were removed to hospital or mortuary as against 1,328 in 1923; 522 applications for coffins were received as against 514 in 1923; and there were 187 attendances for the cleansing of infected premises as against 366 in 1923.

57. The Dispensaries Committee are again indebted to the authorities of the Alice Memorial Hospital for assistance in the matter of the issue of medicines and drugs, and the regulation of their consumption.

C11

58. The number of bodies considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year was 1,673 as compared with 1,502 in 1923. (Table XX).

Of the 1,673 bodies abandoned none were taken to the Chinese Public Dispensaries: there were also none in 1923.

59. Table XIX compiled from statistics in the Sanitary Department shows the number of death certificates issued in pro- portion to the total number of Chinese deaths, and the number of cases in which post-mortem examinations were held.

TSAN YUK MATERNITY HOSPITAL.

West Point.

(a.) This hospital was formally opened in October 1922. 32 beds were available for patients and 600 cases in all were admitted as against 436 in 1923.

There were no changes in the nursing staff. 6 new pupil nurses have been admitted and have entered for the two years course of training required by the Midwives Board.

Infant Welfare Centre. 309 babies were brought with a total of 1863 visits.

A charge of 20 cents a day is made for patients in the general wards, but no patient is refused admittance, even if she is unable to pay anything. Patients who occupy a private room pay $2 or $1 a day, and no tips are allowed to anyone in the employment of the hospital. $2,692.20 was received from patients, $1,788.40 from private patients and $903.80 from the general ward patients.

WAN TSAI MATERNITY HOSPITAL.

(b.) The work of this hospital has steadily increased since it was established in 1919. 855 cases were admitted as against 814 in 1923.

The two nurses have been there since the opening, and they have given great satisfaction in their work.

A charge of 20 cents a day is made, and only 6 out of 855 patients were unable to pay this. Two small private wards are available for patients at $2 a day. Altogether $1,713.00 was received from patients in fees, $619.00 from private ward patients and $1,094.00 from the general ward patients.

CHINESE PERMANENT CEMETERY.

(Table XXII.)

The balance increased from $29,347 in 1923 to $31,045; in 1922 the balance was $24,030.

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60. Translation Work done in the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs during the year 1924.

Translation from Chinese into English.

Translation from English into Chinese.

Petitious

144

Ordinances

6

Letters

228

Regulations

66

Newspaper articles and

Government notices...

185

17

items of news

Minutes

1

Unspecified

242

Unspecified

83

Total........

...661

Total.........341

Grand total,.................. 1,002.

The total number of translations done by the Translator was thus 1,002 as against 792 in 1923, 758 in 1922, and 608 in 1921.

61. In addition, a large number of translations made in other Government Departments are sent to this office for revision. Much translation work is done by members of the staff other than the Translator, but of this no record is kept.

CHINESE RECREATION GROUND.

(Table XXIII.)

62. The income from stalls was $3,342 (in 1923 it was also $3,342.) The Ground continued to make a contribution of $100 a month to the funds of the Tsan Yuk Hospital.

PASSAGE MONEY FUND.

(Table XXIV.)

63. The net income of the Fund was $528, and the total expenditure $602 as compared with $640 and $482 last year.

RENT ORDINANCE.

For the first few months of the year the nature and numbers of the rent cases remained the same as in the latter part of 1923.

Tenants on receipt of a notice to quit issued by the landlord, almost invariably consulted this office on the legality of the notice. The notices frequently failed to conform to the requirements of the Rents Ordinance 1922-23.

Throughout the year, cases arising from the demolition of party walls were numerous, but were generally settled amicably by arrangement between the tenant of the adjoining house, his land- lord, and the landlord of the house to be demolished and rebuilt.

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There were cases where an increase over standard rent was demanded and received. In many of these cases, it was found that the tenants had approached the landlord with an offer of in- -creased rent if he would refrain from demolishing the house.

Cases where rent is refused by the landlord have always been frequent. The landlord is summoned and advised to accept pay- ment, and the tenant at the same time sent to inform the Registrar, Supreme Court, in case the landlord should seek to get him to quit by means of a distress warrant.

Ordinance I of 1924 of 7th March altered the nature of the cases considerably, although the effect was not fully felt till the three months' notice, given in the notices issued before the amend- ment, had expired; as tenants sought advice more often towards the end of the period than immediately on receipt of the notice. Several notices to quit were issued by both architects and solici- tors after the passing of this amendment which failed to conform to the requirement that the Building Authority's certificate should -state that the intended reconstruction is desirable.

As comparatively few such "desirability certificates" were issued, there have been frequent appeals by landlords from the Building Authority to the Governor-in-Council. In these cases a report has been prepared on the nature of the tenancy of the house in question and the views of the tenants on the proposed demoli- tion. In cases when the appeal has been granted, the tenants have been informed accordingly by this office and told that they should receive three months' notice from the landlord.

There have also been petitions from landlords for exemption from the provisions of the Rents Ordinance, generally cases where the landlord wishes to assume the tenancy of his own house.

Tenants, after having been served with valid notices to quit under Rents Ordinance 1922-23, have occasionally appealed for -exemption from the provisions of Section 4 (1) (f) thereof. Such cases have generally found their way to the Law Courts. With the amendment of March 1924 in operation, they do not arise.

As a result of this amendment the nature of the work of this department in cases of demolition and reconstruction has comple- tely altered in the last few months. Instead of tenants coming to seek advice on the validity of the notice to quit which they have received, they are now summoned to show reason why the appeal of the landlord for the grant of a "desirability certificate" should not be upheld.

The effect of the Amending Ordinance of March 1924 not only by checking indiscriminate reconstruction but also by de- priving landlords of the unlawful increase in rent which the mere

C 14

threat to demolish had hitherto frequently brought them, has un- doubtedly been for the welfare of tenants and a more complete fulfilment of the spirit of the original ordinance.

BRITISH NORTH BORNEO,

As a result of the visit paid by Mr. Hallifax to British North Borneo in July 1923 at the request of the British North Borneo Government, a deputation of elders from the Shing-Mun group of villages in the New Territory went to Borneo as guests of the Borneo Government with a view to the encouragement of migra- tion to Borneo by Chinese families of a good farming class. The deputation was away for several weeks, and on its return the mem- bers reported that they had received the most generous and friendly treatment from the Borneo Government, and. that no pains had been spared to show them all that was required ; but after full consideration and discussion with their fellow-villa- gers, they came to the conclusion that the prospects were not such as to justify them in removing their homes to that country. Other investigations, having in view of the same object, that is to say, the encouragement of good Chinese emigration into North Borneo, were made during the year by Mr. Lo Shun Wing on behalf of certain Chinese gentlemen in this Colony. A full and interesting report was drawn up after his return, and has been sent to the Boruco Government.

PASSENGER PASSES TO SINGAPORE.

At the request of the Singapore Government, an experiment was tried of issuing passenger passes to 1st and 2nd Class passengers from Hongkong to Singapore. In due course it will no doubt be clear whether these passes are of material assistance to the Singapore Government, and whether it is desirable to continue to issue them.

REGULATION OF FACTORIES.

Industrial Employment of Children Ordinance.—The admin- istration of this Ordinance has proceeded smoothly throughout the year. There are 28 factories, 8 in Hongkong and 20 in Kowloon, which employ altogether about 300 children.

As against 1923 there is a slight increase in the number of factories concerned, principally in the knitting industry; but the number of children employed has been considerably reduced. All the factories have become well accustomed to the keeping of a register of the children they employ.

The employment of children in glass factories is prohibited by the Ordinance, and constant visits were paid to the 34 glass factories of the Colony. It is noted that the number of glass factories has nearly doubled during the year, and all of them seem to do a brisk trade.

- C 15

One company is experimenting with a mechanical glass blower which is said to give results superior to those obtained by the ordinary methods, but the initial cost is high.

On no occasion was any child found to be employed in any of these factories. Similarly in workshops where boiler chipping is carried on, no case of child employment was discovered.

Fire-works manufacture is another industry in which the employment of children is prohibited. There is only one firm in the Colony which makes fire-works, and its factory is a large roomy building with safety appliances. No children are employed there.

The question of accidents in factories has been engaging the attention of the Government, and legislation was under considera- tion at the end of the year with a view to the compulsory provision of safety guards and the fencing of exposed machinery. In the large factories a certain measure of success has already been obtained in this direction, but the smaller factories provide a problem which points to the necessity of legislation.

64. The allocation of the Annual Grant of $25,000 to Local Chinese Charities was the same as last year, viz

Kwong Wa Hospital,

.$15,000

Shaukiwan Chinese Public Dispensary,..

5,000

Shamshuipo Chinese Public Dispensary,

3,000

Kowloon City Chinese Public Dispensary,

2,000

$25,000

LABOUR.

A list is given below of trades in which dispute arose during 1924 calling for investigation by this departinent. With the exception of the moulders' strike, there was no unusual difficulty in reaching a settlement, although in every case there was certain amount of intimidation, and it was necessary to give District Watch protection.

The moulders' strike was a more difficult affair, affecting as it did all European dock-yards including the Naval Yard as well as all the Chinese yards and foundries. After nearly 3 months the Chinese owners reached a compromise with the men; and before 4 months had elapsed work was resumed at the European yards also, the demands of the men being dropped. It should be said that the employers showed the greatest readiness to examine the question of moulders' rates of pay and their ability or otherwise to pay more in view of competition outside Hongkong; and the European owners maintained, and based their argument on careful

C 16

figures, that it was economically impossible merely to raise the rate of daily pay without a corresponding increase in out-put. They accordingly drew up a bonus scheme based on out-put which was calculated to give a substantial increase to the employees. The scheme, however, was not favoured by the men who reiterated their request for a direct increase in daily pay. A deadlock was thus reached, but in the end, as state d, work was quietly resumed.

(1.) Soy Workers.

(2.) Female Hemp Bag Makers.

(3.) Kelly and Walsh Compositors. (4.) Steam Laundry Ironers.

(5.) Rice-carrying coolies.

(6.) Oil Workers.

(7.) Painters.

(8.) Lard Boilers.

(9.) Moulders.

Under the terms of the Deportation Ordinance (No. 25 of 1917) reports were furnished on 191 suspects arrested by the Police under warrants of detention. Of these suspects 42 were released, and 140 were banished. The number of reports furnished in 1923 was 174.

STAFF.

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Mr. E. R. Hallifax was on duty as Commissioner of Hongkong Section of the British Empire Exhibition from 8th January to 24th December. During this time Mr. A. E. Wood acted as Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Chief Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Mr. A. E. Wood acted as Chief Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs up to the 7th January, and again from the 24th December. Mr. R. A. C. North acted as such from 8th January to 24th December.

Second Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Mr. R. A. C. North acted as Second Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs up to 7th January and again from 24th December. Mr. J. H. B. Nihill acted as such from 8th January to 21st March, and Mr. H. R. Butters from 22nd March.

C 17

Third Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Mr. J. H. B. Nihill acted as Third Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs up to 7th January and Mr. J. S. McLaren from 11th February to 3rd September,

Mr. Tsoi Kin-yung was promoted to 2nd grade on 1st October. Mr. Wong Tat-ying, 6th grade clerk, was transferred to Harbour Master's Department on 23rd May and the vacancy was filled by the appointment of Mr. Wan Chung-chuen.

Industrial Sub-Department.

Mr. F. Meade, Inspector of Juvenile Labour, went on leave on 22nd March and Inspector H. L. Lockhart was seconded from the Sanitary Department to take his place.

Miss R. M. M. Irving, Inspector of Juvenile Labour, went on leave on 23rd February. This post was afterwards abolished.

25th February, 1925.

E. R. HALLIFAX, Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Heads of Revenue.

Table 1.

Revenue for the years 1923 and 1924.

Details of Revenue.

Licences and Internal Revenue not other- wise specified,

Fecs of Court

or

Office, Payments for Specific

l'urposes,

and Reimburse-

ments-in-aid,...

Interest,.................

Chinese Boarding House Licences. Marriage Licences,

Emigration Passage Brokers' Licences, Forfeitures,

Certificates to Chinese proceeding to foreign countries

Bond by Non-resident Householders, Official Signatures,

Interest accrued on official account,

Other Miscellaneous

Permits for Firework Displays,

Receipts,

Ordinance under which received.

Revenue in

1923.

Revenue in

1924.

Increase.

Decrease.

0.

C.

No. 1 of 1889 & No. 4 of 1908. No. 7 of 1875 & No. 15 of 1902. No. 30 of 1915.

13,484 *

15,577 * 2,097 *

1,247

1,058

197

1,400

1,200

200

******

No. 6 of 1923.

250

600

350

No. 3 of 1888.

No. 14 of 1913.

74

104

30

102

102

C.

220

80

140

Total,.

16,777,69 18,716.08

2,477.00

537

Deduct Decrease,....

537.00

.$ 1,940.00

Total Increase in 1923,

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

€ 18

- C 19

Table II.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs since 1915.

Revenue.

Expenditure.

Year.

Total. Decrease. Increase. Total.

Decrease. Increase.

Percent-

age of Expen- diture to Revenue.

30

C.

c.

0.

C.

%

1915, ..

5,072:07 2.186.03

53.188.78

2.010.69 1,048.66

1916.

9,236.95

4,164.88

54 966.19

1.777.46 595.07

1917,

11,370.52

2,133.57

51,867.18 3,099.01

456·15

1918,

26,678.50

15,307.98 50.117.67 1,749.51

187.86

1919,

21.430.72 5,247.78

52,634,57

2,516.90

245:60

1920,

18,007.65 3,423.07

57,716.27

5,081.70

320-51

1921,

15,659.34 2,348,31

18.705.03 39.011.24

102.25

1922,

15,514.50

144.50

21,115.67

2,410.64 136.10

1923,

16,777.69

:

1,263.19 28,795.63

7.679.96 171.63

1924.

18,716.08

1.938.39 27.512.96 1,282,67

117.00

.

Table III.

Number of Women and Girls detained in a Place of Refuge by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under Sections 34 and 35 of Ordinance No. 4 of 1897, and arrangements made regarding them.

Permitted to leave,

Permitted to leave under bond,

Restored to husband,

Restored to relatives,

Sent to native place,

Married,.

Adopted,

Sent to Refuge or Convent,..

Died,

Under Detention on 1st January, 1924.

Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total. Prostitutes. Emigrants.

1

...

...

...

1

I

Detained during 1921.

Total.

Total.

10

11

1

1

1

2

14

2

2

14

14

1

10

1

...

...

1

...

6

...

8

...

Awaiting marriage,

Cases under consideration,

Total,

Cases brought forward, 3.

...

2

1

...

A

...

1

1

333333

35

38

Cases dealt with during the year, 37.

Cases carried forward, 1.

C 20 -

Table IV.

Number of Female Passengers and Boys examined and passed before the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under "The Asiatic Emigration Ordinance, 1915," during the year 1924.

Whither Bound.

Women and Children, 1924.

Total

Women

and

Children,

Women.

Girls.

Boys.

Total.

1923.

Burmah,

...

Japan,

Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States,

10,257

1,637

2,357

14,251

11,851

Dutch Indies,

97

5

63

165

206

Belawan Deli,

439

79

764

1,282

518

British North Borneo,

383

108

162

653

644

Honolulu,

63

23

52

138

238

Central America,

237

36

310

583

56

5

5

6

Canada,

United States of America,

141

11

376

523

718

Mexico,

....

...

South America,

...

Mauritius & Re-Union,

208

9

193

410

240

Australia,

3

2

13

18

India,

127

27

81

235

474

12

South Africa,

Cuba,

83

22

168

273

Batavia,

448

107

433

988

2,126

West Indies (Jamaica),.

2

Sourabaya,

56

Balikpapan,.

...

Rangoon,

32

3

Port Elizabeth,

4

17

272

57

104

21

2

2

24

Delagoa Bay,

Salina Cruz,

12

12

Callao,

8

12

20

6

Brisbane,

Victoria,

6

35

41

1,166

Total, 1924,.

12,548

2,069

5,065

19,682

Total, 1923,

10,831

1,887

5,761 18,479

18,479

- O 21 -

C 22

Table V.

:

Number of Assisted Emigrants.

Rejected.

Year. Examined. Passed.

Un-

at

Rejected Rejected

Total

willing.

S.C.A.

by

rejected Doctor.

Percentage of rejection.

as unfit.

1922,

8,072

6,712

11

13

7

31

*39

1923,

19,213 16,681

40

19

+

46

105

*54

1924,

12,431

12,381

nil

53

nil

53

31

Treatment of Rejected Emigrants for 1924.

Sent home through Tung Wah Hospital at expense

of Boarding Houses,

72

Rejected by doctor and sent back to boarding houses

to be cured,

Total rejected,................

72

Native Districts of Assisted Emigrants Passed.

West River,

East River,

North River,

Canton,....

Delta,

Kwong Sai,.

Southern Districts,

Mandarin, (Hunan, Kwong Sai and Kiang Si), .

Total,

1,239

6,145

476

1,553

991

1,328

499

166

12,397

C 23

Table V,-Continued.

Destinations of Assisted Emigrants.

Whither bound.

Male Assisted Emigrants.

1923.

1924.

Straits Settlements and F. M. S.,...................

2,926

541

British North Borneo,

1,339

1,229

Dutch Indies :—

Banca,

2,410

4,869

Billiton,

2.611

Balikpapan,

Belawan Deli,

7,005

4,015

British Solomon Island,

3

4

India,

46

52

......

Samoa

Ocean Island,

334

...

577

Nauru,

Makatea,

...

Christmas Island,

Total,

138

16,681

12,425

Classification of the Assistant Emigrants examined, according to

the language spoken gives the following figures :-

Cantonese, Hakka,

Hoklo,

Southern Mandarin (mostly from Kwong Sai and

Hunan),

Hainanese,

Total,

7,340

1,223

6,162

285

345

15,355

C 24

Table VI.

Statement of the Receipts and Expenditure relative to the Hongkong District Watchmen's Fund for the year 1924.

Receipts.

*

Expenditure.

To Balance,

49,758 69

By Wages and Salaries

Chief District Watchmen,

3,060

Contributions,

38,693

Assistant Chief District Watch-

""

men,

1,995

Detectives,

6,425

""

Grant by Government,..........

2,000

1st Class District Watchmen,...10,846

2nd

19

4,820

""

Payment for District Watchmen for

Special Services,.....

3rd

2,034

1.080

29,181

Miscellaneous :-

*

""

Interest on Hongkong Government

6% War Loan,

Cooks,...

840

1,680

Coolies,

720

Messengers,

96

1,656

Interest on Current Account,

102

">

"

Office Staff:—

Reward Fund,.

10

Manager,

90

""

Writer,

132

""

Fines,

14

Interpreter, Collector,

306

576

1,104

""

Condemned Stores,.....

30

Total,........

31,941

>>

Rent from Mr. Yeung Ying-luk for permission to erect the iron gate on Inland Lot No. 680, for the year 1924.

"

Other Charges:

1

Allowance to Detectives,

1,541

Medal Allowance,

1,588

Instructor Allowance,

96

Oil Allowance,

128

Electric charges,

369

Conservancy Allowance,..

55

Coolie Hire and Conveyance

Allowance,

809

Uniform and Equipments,

3,137

Stationery and Printing,

350

Furniture,

1,280

Repairs and Fittings to D.W.

Stations,

1,771

Rent of Telephone,

349

Premium on Fire Policies,

270

Gratuities and Rewards,

749

Crown Rent,

13

Rent of Yaumati D. W.

Station,

1,040

Photos for District Watchmen,

14

Sundries,

345

13,914

Total......... . $

93,370.48

"

Pensions :-

Ex, Chief District Watchman So Tai

and others,

...

1,800

*

Total Expenditure;........

47,655

""

Balance,

45,714

Total,...$

93,370.48

Balance in Colonial Treasury →

Hongkong Government 6% War Loan, Cash,.....

Fixed Deposit

Total,........

$28,000

$ 5,714

$12,000

$45,714

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Examined and found correct

CHOW SHOU SON, R. H. KOTEWALL,

Members of

District Watchmen Committee.

Patients.

Remaining in Hospital

on 31st December, 1923.

Treatment. Chinese

Treatment.

European

Total.

tients under treatment.

Total number of pa-

Discharged.

Deaths.

Table VII.

Number of Patients under treatment and other statistics concerning the

Admitted.

Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1924.

Out-patients.

Remaining in Hospital

on 31st December, 1924.

Treatment.

Chinese

Treatment. European

Total.

Male,

Female,

144

Vaccinations.

Dead bodies brought to Hospital Mortuary

for burial.

Destitutes sent home.

377 3,717 2,968 6,685 7,062 5,097 1,664

301

88,803 25,382 114,185 923

1,102

945

8311,9032,734 2,878 2,228 531

119

60,793 22,758 83,551

500

Total,

5214,548 4,871 9,419 9,940 |7,325 |2,195

420 149,596 48,140 197,736 |

923 1,602 945

Total for 1923,

336 4,987 5,155 10,142 10,478 7,816 2,141

|

521 124,120 42,302 |166,422|8,828 1,646 |1,009

9.

C 25

Receipts.

Č 26

M

Table VIII.

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL CASH ACCOUNT 1924.

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

C.

C.

Cash Balance from last year

Tung Wah Hospital account$105,884.79

Current account with Kwong Wah Hos-

pital...

179,978.77

Kwong Wah Hospital

48,159.48

Man Mo Temple....

39.853.43

Current account with Man Me Temple Current account with Emergency Fund...

16,551.87

1,027.00

Emergency Fund

59,057.73

Maternity Hospital

494.27

Current account with Maternity Hospital Provisions for staff

3,739.15

11,745.50

253,449.70

Salaries for staff

33,054.92

Current account with Kwong Wah Hos-

pital

Provisions for sick rooms

28,288 35

131,574.55

Sick room sundries

10,786.27

Current account with Man Mo Temple Current account with Maternity Hospital.. Interest collected on behalf of Emergency

Fund

21,427.96

Hospital sundries

5,156.85

4,002.48

Chinese drugs...

28,703.93

Western drugs.

9,802.09

1,412.22

Repairs....

5,920.93

Amount raised by theatrical performances Rents

4,766.21

Destitutes' and Patients' passages

505.58

83,258.95

Repairs to landed property

1,509.50

Subscriptions collected from steamers

6,593.18

Lights

......

6,322.65

Annual subscriptions of Hongs...

9,945.50

Insurance

882.42

Subscriptions from wealthy persons.

6,390.00

Crown rent and taxes

10,157.29

Subscriptions and donations

2,476.44

Repairs to coffin home & burial ground.......

30,582.63

Subscriptions from Directors past and pre-

Small-pox Hospital expenses

2,920.36

sent

4,790.00

Stamps, stationery and advertisements

2,330.28

Special contributions for supply of medi-

Grant to Kwong Wah Hospital

2,000.00

cines, quilted clothing, coffins and

Grant to Fong Pin Hospital

1,000 00

shrouds

2,513,60

Burial of bodies by Tung Wah Hospital...

4,294.67

Government grants

8,000.00

Coffins for buried bodies by Tung Wah

Grant from Man Mo Temple.......

2,500.00

Hospital

8,534.27

Contributions from Theatres..

2,659.62

Burial of bodies by Government Mor-

Hongkong War Loan dividend.

3,000.00

tuary

2,771.97

Subscriptions for coffin home

5,010,00

Coffins for bodies buried by Government

Interest on loans and deposits

27,914.31

Premium on notes and discount on goods

purchased

Mortuary.. Balance.

6,234.30

197,475.66

972.30

Fees from Patients

....

4,379.26

Sale of medicine, kitchen refuse, coffin

home charges, boat hire and sundries...

25,240.93

Grand Total.................

$ 612,277.21

Grand Total......

$ 612,277.21

The Balance of $197,475.66 consists of the following credit balances minus a debit balance of $244.74

against the Kwong Wah Hospital:-

Tung Wah Hospital

Man Mo Temple Emergency Fund......

Maternity Hospital....

Minus account against Kwong Wah Hospital

་་་

.$ 92,790.33 44,729.52 59,442.95

757.60

$197,720.40 244.74

Balance......

.$197,475.66

(For particulars see separate sheet attached).

MA CHI LUNG, YIK KI CHAU,

Directors.

} .

€ 27

Table VIII.-(A).

Particulars as to Credit Balances.

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL IN ACCOUNT WITH KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.

To credit Balance brought forward from 1923, $ 48,159.48 | By Payments during 1924,

Amount received during 1924,

Balance,

""

...

131,574.55 244.74

$179,978.77

...

$179,978.77

$179,978.77

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL IN ACCOUNT WITH MAN MO TEMPLE.

To credit Balance brought forward from 1923, $ 39,853.43 | By Payments during 1924,

Amount received during 1924,

""

21,427.96 Balance,

>1

$ 61,281.39

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL IN ACCOUNT WITH EMERGENCY FUND.

To credit Balance brought forward from 1923, $ 59,057.73 | By Payments during 1924, ...

Interest received during 1924,

""

1,412.22

$ 60,469.95

Balance,

::

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL IN ACCOUNT WITH MATERNITY HOSPITAL.

To credit Balance brought forward from 1923, $ 494.27 By Payments during 1924,

Amount received during 1924,

"2

4,002.48

Balance,

>>

$ 4,496.75

$ 16,551.87 44,729.52

$ 61,281.39

$ 1,027.00 59,442.95

$ 60,469.95

$ 3,739.15 757.60

$ 4,496.75

- C 28

Table IX.

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL.

INCOME AND EXPENDITURE.

Income

Funds brought forward from 1923

A. Ordinary:--

Subscriptions:

Annual Subscriptions of Hongs.$ 9,945.50 Subscriptions collected

steamers

on

Subscriptions and donations`.

from wealthy persons

Subscriptions from Directors

past and present...

$ C.

105,884.79

...

6,593.18

2,476.44

6,390.00

...

4,790.00

30,195.12

Grants:

Government

Man Mo Temple

$ 8,000.00 2,500.00

10,500.00

Special contributions:-

For Mortuary expenses...

... 5,010.00

From Theatres

2,659.62

A. Maintenance :- Provisions :-

Expenditure

Food for staff

Food for sick room.....

Surgery and Dispensary

Chinese drugs... Western drugs

Establishments :--

Light

...

C.

...$11,745.50 28,288.35

40,033,85

..$28,703.93 9,802.09

38,506.02

Insurance...

Repairs

...$ 6,322.65 882.42 5,920.93

Repairs to Hospital property Sick room expenses

Small pox hospital expenses Repairs to coffin home and

burying ground Crown rents and taxes

Salaries, wages, &c :-

...

1,509.50

...

10,786.27

2,920.36

...

...

30,582.63 10,157.29

69,082.05

Staff salaries

For supply of medicines, quilted

clothing, coffins and shrouds. 2,513.60

Sundries and bonuses

.$33,051.92 5,156.85

38,211.77

10,183.22

Appeals, grants, &c :-

Invested property :-

Rents

Interest

Destitutes and Patients'

.$83,258.95

passages

...$ 505.58

27,914.31

Hongkong War Loan Dividend 3,000.00

Kwong Wah and Fong Pin

Hospitals

3,000.00

114,173.26

3,505.58

Other receipts :-

Miscellaneous :—

Premium on notes and discount

Stationery, &c.

...$ 2,330.28

on goods purchased

...$ 972.30

Burial of bodies by Tung Wah

Sale of medicine, kitchen refuse,

Hospital

1,294.67

and sundries...

coffin home charges, boat hire

Fees from Patients...

Coffins for bodies buried by

...

25,240.93 4,379.26

Tung Wah Hospital

8,534.27

Burial of bodies by Govern-

30,592.49

ment Mortuary

...

2,771.97

Coffins for bodies buried by

Government Mortuary

...

6,234.30

B. Extraordinary:--

24,165.49

Amount raised by theatrical performances

4,766.21

Balance

92,790.33

$306,295.09

$306,295.09

Receipts.

Table X.

Emergency Fund Account, 1924.

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

C.

C.

Balance from account 1923.

59,057.73

Gratuity to destitutes,.

860.00

Interest,

1,412.2.

Passage money for 20 destitutes,

167.00

Balance,

59,442.95

Total,...

60,469.95

Total,.

60,469.95

C 29

Receipts.

Table XI.

Mau Mo Temple Fund Account, 1924.

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

$

*

$

Balance from account 1923,

39,853

Subscription to Tung Wa Hospital,

2,500

Rent from Temple keeper,........................

6,465

Free Schools and sundries,

11,344

Rent of stalls and Temple property, Government Graut in Aid of free Schools,

11,782

Repairs to Temple property, free schools, and the Man Mo Temple,

741

3,180

Police Rates, Crown Rent, and Insurance Premium,

1,603

Water accounts and repair to water pipes, Balance,

361

44,729

Total,....

61,281.39

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Total,............$

61,281.39

C 30

Table XII.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Western Maternity Hospital, 1924.

Receipts.

Amount.

*

Expenditure.

Amount.

*

Balance from 1923,

494

Rent of hospital property handed over to the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs,

3,200

Rent of Hospital Property,

3,984

Interest,

18

Police Rate, Crown Rent, & Insurance Premium,

509

Repairs to Hospital Property,

29

Balance,

757

Total,

4,496.75

Total,

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

4,496.75

-C 31-

Table XII-(A)

Western Maternity (Tsan Yuk) Hospital Statement of Accounts for the year 1924.

Receipt.

*

Expenditure.

$

To Balance....

Subscription

2,570 03 By Salary,

Drugs,

Furniture,

3,425

686

928

Gas and Electricity,

501

Chinese Recreation Ground Fund

1,200

Repairs and fitting,

117

Chinese Public Dispensaries

Stationery and printing,

82

Fund,

1,000

Clothing, etc.,

333

Rent of houses purchased with

Bedding,

186

Tung Wah Hospital, Jubilee

Food for patients and pupils in the

Donation,

3,200

Hospital,

1,749

Anonymous,

30

Instruments,

38

5,430

Fee for District Watchmen on

duty at the door,

540

Fees paid by patients in the Hospital,

Crown Rent,

1

2,563

Water account,

Money paid by pupils in the

Hospital, for their food,..

Interest,

Miscellaneous,

323

1,551

774

21

Total,.

11,359

29

Balance with Colonial Treasury,.

Total,..

th

10,465

893

93

11,359 29

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Examined and found correct, E. R. HALLIFAX,

S. C. A,

C 32

C 33

Table XIII.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Brewin Charity during the year 1924.

Revenue.

Amount.

Expenditure.

Amount.

$

C.

$

c.

وو

To Balance from 1923,

Subscriptions from Directors. T. W. H.

40,168.00

By Charity given to widows and orphaus

5,162.00

1,720.00

Committee, P. L. K.

>>

95

""

";

Directors, K. W. H.

Mr. Li Yau Tsuu...

1,100.00 390.00 25.00

""

Subscription to Old Men's Home

1,100.00

22

وو

"

>>

Salary for Accountant Mr. Chan Yik-wan

100.00

Interest from Mr. Chiu Cheuk U for mort-

gage

2,400.00

"

""

>>

Clerk Mr. Leung Hing Yeung...

60.00

Interest on fixed deposit with Mr. Lau

Kwai Nam on mortgage..

2,400.00

""

""

Interest on fixed deposit with Mr. Yau

Leung Kang and others on mortgage Interest on fixed deposit with Mr. Lai Chak

on mortgage

Conveyance expenses for urging payment

of interest &c.

8.60

1,600.00

"

Printed matters by the Wo Shing

6.00

""

Gratuity from Government for Ku Yim Sze

3,000.00 50.00

دو

Stamps

1.35

""

Crown Rent recovered for Property in

Temple Street

7.44

Advertisement in Wa Tsz Yat Po

>>

17.07

79

Insurance premium recovered for Property in

Temple Street

399.10

Tsun Wan Yat Po

""

>>

>>

13.02

""

Police Rates recovered for Property in

Temple Street

58.40

""

""

Wa Sheung Po

6.00

Rent for 20 days in the 9th moon from pro-

perty in Temple Street

4

333.34

"

Balance of purchase money of property in

Temple Street

Insurance for shop property in Temple

Street

263.00

100,000.00

29

Interest on War Bonds fr. Shangbai Bank

360.00

Brokerage for Mr. Ko Wan Sang for sale

of shop property in Temple Street

400.00

>>

""

Singapore

274,37

>>

"")

from Shanghai Bank.....

420,72

Balance

""

147,914.39

*

""

on fixed deposit of $3,407.11 with

Shanghai Bank

170.35

"}

Interest on fixed deposit of $2,131.80 with

Shanghai Bank

106.59

23

Interest on fixed deposit of $1,000.00 with

Shanghai Bank

50.00

""

Interest on fixed deposit of $301.98 of Sat

A Li with Wing Hing Bank

18.12

Total,..........

...$

155,051.43

Total,..

155,051.43

C.

By deposits with Messrs. Chiu Cheuk U and Lan Kwai Nam on mortgage of shop pro- perty in Temple Street..

$80,000.00

""

Fixed deposit with Mr. Yan Leung Kang and others on mortgage of houses No. 13 Connaught Road West and No. 25 New

Market Street

40,000.00

22

Fixed Deposit and Interest with Shanghai

Bank

3,577.46

"

Fixed deposit and interest with Shanghai

Bank

2,238.39

>>

Deposit and interest of Wong Fung Sze

with Shanghai Bank

1,050.00

"

Deposit & interest of Sat A Li with Wing

Hing Bank....

320.10

""

War Bonds of Shanghai Bank

6,000,00

War Bonds of Singapore Government

5,000.00

Current account deposits with Shanghai

Bank

9,350.99

Deposit with Tung Wa Hospital

377.45

Total........

$ 147,914.39

Examined and found correct

MA CHI LUNG, Director.

Patients.

Table XIV.

Number of Patients under treatment and other statistics concerning the Kwong Wa Hospital during the year 1924.

Admitted.

Out-patients.

C 34 -

Male,

Female,

166

62

1,398 |2,464 |3,862 |4,028 | 2,758 1,158 112 29,166 16,658 45,824 405 |2,193 2,598 | 2,660 | 2,047 558 55 19,153 14,914 34,067

351

...

159

Total,.

228

1,803 4,6576,460 6,688 4,805 1,716 167 48,319 (31,572 79,891

510

Total for 1923,| 218

1,903 4,136 6,039 6,257 | 4,444 | 1,585 228

[43,796 |24,383 68,179|2,348 | 501

:

C 35

P

Table XV.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Kwong Wa Hospital for 1924.

Receipts.

Amount.

$

Payments.

Amount.

c.

Balance brought forward from

previous year,

5,428.53

Current account with Tung Wah

Hospital,

61,915.11

Government Grant,

8,500.00

Salaries to Hospital staff,

14,942.60

Special Donation.... Subscription from Tung Wah

Hospital, for giving free coffins. Current account with Tung Wah

Hospital,

Subscriptions from charitable persons and yearly subscrip- tions, Subscriptions hy Ko Shing, Tai Ping and Li Yuen Theatres,.. Donations from A Fong and Tai

Wo Photographers,

2,650.00

15,000.00

Provisions for staff,

5,455.25

Hospital sundries,

1,038.20

2,000.00

Provisions for patients,

12,128.79

Sick room expenses,.

84,152.43 | Charcoal,

Chinese drugs,

5,061.99

826.63

9,697.41

Western drugs,

16,056.65

16,898.85 | Lights,

2,353.98

Telephone,

123.96

Stationery, stamps, and adver-

tisements,

1,867.08

600.00

Water,

15.00

Donation from Old

Yaumati

Discount on notes,

3.50

Chinese Public Dispensary,

7,241.88

Furniture and Repairs,

5,904.61

Subscription by Po Hing Theatre,

1,188.00

Building Contract,

15,910.00

Sale of Chinese Medicines,

683.40

Coffins,

5,574.41

Premium on notes,

54.07

Burial of bodies from Hospital

Sale of kitchen refuse,

341.27

Mortuary,

525.85

Payments by in-patients and

Burial of bodies from Yaumati

drugs

2,547.71

Public Mortuary,

531.45

Profit from theatrical perform-

Old Men's Asylum

8.40

ances,

7,873.07

Grave stones,

363.20

Money raised by Mr. Ho Ngok

Cumsha to coolies, sale of refuse,

Lau and Mr. Ho Ho Chuen on

&c.,

187.44

theatrical performances,.

1,317.65

Crown Rent

1.50

Special subscriptions:-

BALANCE,

7,449.41

By Subscriptions

from charitable

persons for free drugs,

Yearly Sub- scriptions from charitable per- sons for free drugs,

Interest on Sub-

$1,125.00

600.00

""

scriptions for

free drugs,

9,740.56

Grand Total,........

11,465.56

$167,942.42

Grand Total,................... ..$ 167,942.42

Examined and found correct

CHAU YUr-U,

Qualified auditor.

C 36

Table XV. (A.)

KWONG WAH HOSPITAL

Income and Expenditure 1924.

Expenditure.

$

c.

Income.

General Funds brought forward from 1923,

To Free Chinese Drugs,...

$

c.

$ 4,811.45 A. Maintenances :-

10,340.56

PROVISIONS:

Profit from theatrical performances, ...

9,190.72

"

Loan from Sick room extension Special Fund,

Staff, Patients,

3,029,99

A. Ordinary:-

DISPENSARY:-

Government Grant,

...$ 8,500.00

8,500.00

Chinese Drugs, Western Drugs,

...

...

SUBSCRIPTIONS :—

Tung Wah Hospital, Charitable persons,

...

...

...$ 2,000.00 16,898.85

ESTABLISHMENT :--

18,898.85

ENTERTAINMENTS:--

Lights,

$5,455.25 12,128.79

17,584.04

.$ 9,697.41 16,056.65

25,754,06

Ko Shing, Tai Ping & Li Yuen

Theatres,

...

...

Po Hing Theatre,

DONATIONS:-

A. Fong & Tai Wo Photographers $ Old Yaumati Chinese Public

Furniture and Repairs,

Sick rooms expenses,

...$2,650.00

Charcoal,

...

...

1.188.00

Telephone,

3,838.00

Water,...

Sundries,

600.00

Building Contract Crown Rent,

$2,353.98

5,904.61

5,061.99

826.63

123.96

15.00

1,225.64 2,410.00 1.50

17,923.31

Dispensary,

7.241.88

7,841.88

PATIENTS PAYMENTS:

SALARIES:-

In and Out patients,

$ 2,547 71

Hospital Staff,

. $14,942.60

Chinese Drugs,

683.40

14,942.60

3,231.11

OTHER RECEIPTS :-

MISCELLANEOUS :-

Premium on notes,

..$

54.07

Sale of kitchen refuse, & bamboo

shoot,...

341.27

395.34

Coffins,

...

B. Extraordinary :—

DONATIONS:-

Stationery, Stamps and

Advertisements,

Discount on notes,

Burial of Bodies,

Burial of Bodies from Yaumati, Old Men's Asylum (Home

...

Government Special Donation, ...$ 15,000.00

for Aged),

Grave Stones,

15,000.00

$ 85,077.90

***

$ 1,867.08

3.50

5,574.41

525.85

531.45

8.40 363.20

8,873.89

$ 85,077.90

C 37

Table XV. (B)

FINANCIAL POSITION OF THE KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.

Amount left deposited in Tung Wah Hospital at end of 1923, Amount paid to Tung Wah Hospital on current account in 1924,

Amount received from Tung Wah Hospital on current account in

1924,

1

Amount left deposited in Tung Wah Hospital at end of 1924, Cash in hand at end of 1924,

...

...

$151,159.48 61,915.11

$ 213,074.59

84,152.43

$ 128,922.16 7,449.41

$ 136,371.57

Funds classified :--

Chinese Drugs,

...

Sick room extension,

...

...

...

***

Less loan to Hospital General Funds,...

See particulars below :-

$ 129,166.90

$ 10,234.66 3,029.99

7,201.67

$136,371.57

KWONG WAH HOSPITAL

IN ACCOUNT WITH SICK ROOM EXTENSION SPECIAL FUND.

To Balance of last year's Ac-

count,

By Amount paid on

$ 23,734.66 extension of Sick

$23,734.66

room,

13,500.00

Loan to Hospital General Funds,

3,029.99

Balance, ..

7,204.67

""

$ 23,734.66

KWONG WAH HOSPITAL

IN ACCOUNT WITH FREE CHINESE DRUGS SPECIAL FUND.

To Balance brought forward

1

دو

from last year,

Subscriptions of charitable

persons for free drugs

Yearly Subscriptions of chari- table persons for free drugs,

Interest,...

128,041.90 By Chinese Free drugs

for the year 1924..........!

Balance,..

1,125.00

600.00

9.740.56

$ 139,507.46

10,340.56 129,166.90

$ 139,507.46

C 38

Table XVI.

Summary of work done by the Chinese Public Dispensaries: Victoria, Harbour, Shankiwan, and Kowloon Peninsula.

New Cases,.....

Return Cases,

Description.

Total,........

Graud Grand

Total. Total Total

1924. 1923.

87,570 70,221

157,791 142,744

Certificates of nature of disease issued,

cause of death,..

Patients removed to hospital by ambulance,.. Corpses removed to hospital or mortuary,... Attendances at cleansing of infected premises, Compensation claims sent in,

Applications received for coffins,

for midwives,

Confinement cases in Maternity Hospital,. Infants brought to Dispensaries, (alive),

3

462

459

499

528

1,295

1,328

177

366

522

514

153

855

814

5

""

"?

(dead),...

1,428

Total,...

1,433

1,310

Vaccinations at private houses,

""

Dispensaries,

85 7,684

Total,..........

7,769 36,451

Table XVII.

Chinese Public Dispensaries: Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1924.

C 39

Receipts.

To Balance,

Grant by Government,

""

Donations from :-

>>

Tai Ping Theatre,

**

c.*

Expenditure.

$

*

*

76,398 | 79 | By Maintenances of Dispensaries :

Victoria,

26,511

9,000

Harbour and Yaumati,

6,257

Shaukiwan,.

7,233

Kowloon City,

3,987

6,150

43,989

San Theatre,

Ko Shing Theatre,..

» Subscriptions, Land,...

850

Subscription in aid of the Fund of

300

Maternity Hospital, Western,.

1,000

20,657

Harbour,

12,299

""

Balance in Colonial Treasury :—

Shankiwan,

2,210

""

Kowloon City,

782

On Hongkong Government 6% War Loan,

43,250

In Cash,

51,000

37,372

"

Fecs from Maternity Hospital in Chinese Public Dispensary at Wau-

Advance to :-

chai,....

Interest,

1,709

562

Dispensaries Clerks,

120

""

Interest on Hongkong Government

Alice Memorial Hospital for purchase of drugs,

500

6% War Loan,

Total,.......

3,060

88,992

$133,981 28

Total,...

133,981 | 28

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

E. R. HALLIFAX, Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

- C 40

Table XVIII.

Hunghom and Shamshuipo Dispensaries.

Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1924.

Descriptions.

Hung- bom.

Sham- shuipo.

*

* C.

Receipts :-

Balance,

Subscriptions, etc.,

4,408.11 2,957.95

6,878.37 782.00

Donation from :-

Po Hing Theatre,

663.00

Kun Yam Temple,

600.00

Mr. Chan Pak-ping for permission to hold

Theatrical performances at Po Hing Theatre,....

300.00

Scavenging Contractor at Hunghom,

870.00!

3,000.00

Grant by Government,

Donation towards the Fund of Shamshuipo

Dispensary for erection of eight houses

at Shamshuipo from :--

Mr. Li Shui-kam........

Mr. Wong Iu-tung

Mr. Kwong Tsnu-shaug,....

The Sze Yeuk Lan Shan Kung Si,

Expenditure:-

Total,

5,000.00

3,900.00

1,500.00

4,666.50

9,799.06

21,826.87

Through Secretariat for Chinese Affairs, By Local Committee,

3,014.04

2,232.33

1.872.00 10,600.00

Total,

4,916.04

12,832.33

Balance :-

At Colonial Treasury,

With Local Committee,

Overdrawn by Local Committec.

Total,

2,155.27 12,608.59 2.727.75

609.05

4,883.02

11,994.54

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Chan Pak Pang, Chairman Hunghom C.P.D.

Tsang Ping Shan, accountant

Li Sui Kam, Chairman Shamshuipo

Lo Sham Tsum, accountant

Table XIX.

Deaths of Chinese in Hongkong and Kowloon during 1924 showing number in which the cause of death was duly certified and number in which a post-mortem examination was held.

******

2

3

Percentage of 6 to 2.

7

8

9

Number sent to

mortuary.

Percentage of

8 to 2.

Victoria,

9,008

4,679

1,329

51.9

738

8.2

3,591

39.9

Harbour,

907

483

424

53.2

79

8.7

345

28.0

Kowloon,....

4,830

2,158

2,672

44.7

845

7.1

2,327

48.2

Shaukiwan,

375

150

225

40·0

43

11:5

182

48.5

Other Villages in Hongkong,

181

F

0

181

0·0

0

0·0

181

100.0

Total,..

15,301

7,470

7,831

48.8

1,205

7.9

6,626

43.3

C 41

Table XX.

Mouthly Return of Bodies of Chinese considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year 1924.

Victoria.

Month.

Harbour. Kowloon,

W'est.

Central. East. Total.

Grand

Total.

Total.

C 42 -

January,

44

38

57

139

31

February,

20

16

50

86

24

March,..

9

18

24

51

པསྶརྔུ ༔

178

31

132

23

35

77

April,

8

5

10

23

7

59

May,

11

15

19

45

22

49

June,

6

4

9

19

15

54

July,

11

11

23

16

49

August,

12

September,

October,

4

November,

12

December,

8

3 00 00 00 0

8

23

23

37

9

24

4

34

6

18

11

39

14

34

8

62

11

24

10

64

HRETNON SOLO D

240

379

179

265

129

180

73

96

73

118

94

90

65

88

49

73

56

74

109

83

107

Grand Total.

152

129

228

509

206

884

124

1,164

1,673

*

Total for 1923,

436

294

156

886

135

394

85

2

616

1,502 †

* In 1924, of 1,673 none was taken to Chinese Public Dispensaries. † In 1923, of 1,502 none was taken to Chinese Public Dispensaries.

C 43

Table XXI.

Return of Bodies abandoned during the years 1922, 1923, and 1924.

(Figures supplied by the Police Department.)

1922.

Over

Male.

Female.

Unknown.

15 years.

15 years and under.

Over

15 years.

15 years and under.

Over

15 years.

15 years

and ander.

Victoria, Kowloon,..

16

Harbour,

12

462

206 203

1

138

385

183

6

408

46

42

105

Elsewhere,

42

24

71

Total,

45

497

6

407

14

969

1923.

Victoria,

10

406

463

3

886

Kowloon,.

4

186

1

193

10

Harbour,

23

62

6

40

Elsewhere,

48

30

NAC

394

135

87

Total,

40

702

15

726

19

1,502

1924.

Victoria,

22

295

1

253

572

Kowloon,.

17 424

11

322

778

Harbour,

39

68

9

88

204

Elsewhere,

2

64

52

119

Total,

80

851

21

517

1,673

Total.

Receipts.

Table XXII.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Chinese Permanent Cemetery for 1924.

Amount.

$

C.

Amount.

Payments.

$

To Balance,

29,347.04 | By 36 joss paper pots from the Hop Cheung,

126.00

Interest from

Hongkong and

,,

Rent of telephone,

168.83

Shanghai Bank,

177.09

Repairs to roads, wharves and embankment etc. by Yeung

Tai San Bank,..

960.00

Tam-kee,.

7,773.40

""

""

""

War Bonds,

480.00

33

Wages for Ma Shu-hoi & gardeners,

1,296.00

Sale of 125 lots,

6,685.00

""

Motor car hire,

9.80

""

Stone Embankment,.

1,875.00

Printed matters by the Shing Fat,

3.00

>>

Wages from Mr. S. W. Tso

"

Manure, bamboo brooms, bamboo hat, rain coats &c.,

155.90

"}

for refilling vaults,

Sale to Mr. Chan Chenk Fan of

spared space of 1176 sq. ft

on the left side of lot under the character of "Yuet

""

142.00

"

Stamps,

8.00

""

Rent of wharf,

1.00

19

Rates for getting water from river,

1.00

,,

Crown Rent,

.50

1,176.00

Wages for grass cutters,

193.50

Balance,

31,045.20

""

Total,

40,782.13

Total,..

40,782.13

!

By deposits with Hongkong & Shanghai Bank,

$7,778.32

"

13

Tai San Bank,

15,000.00

War Bonds,

Cash,

8,000.00

266.88

$31,045.20

S. W. TSO, Secretary.

CHAU SIU KI, Treasurer,

Examined and found correct

LI PO KWAI,

Qualified auditor.

To Balance,..

Rent of Stalls,

""

Table XXIII.

Chinese Recreation Ground: Receipts and Expenditure, 1924.

Receipts.

Total,..

Payments.

2,457.95 | By Wages of Watchmen, etc,.

Water Account,

3,342.00

Consumption of Gas,

879.61

201.00

270.00

Subscription to Western Maternity Hospital, 1,200.00

""

Lime Washing,

Miscellaneous,

"

Balance,

92.00

38.96

3,118.38

""

5,799.95

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Total,..

5,799.95

C 45

Receipts.

Table XXIV.

Statement of Accounts of Passage Money Fund.

Payınents.

To Balance on Fixed Deposit,

$4,250

By Gifts to 3 women on being married,

6

""

33

in Colonial Treasury;

3,061

>>

7,311

Annual Charitable Allowances to two per- sons,

75

>>

Passage Money receival,.

.$1,543

>>

Less Refund,

1,271

19

271

>>

">

» Subscription to Alice Memorial Hospital,

Eyre Diocesan Refuge,

Hawker's Licences to destitute persons, Gifts in aid of repatriation of emigrants... Balance on Fixed Deposit,

50

170

112

189

.$4,250

""

Property of the late Cheung Po,

145

>>

in Colonial Treasury,

3,133

7,383

77

Interest on Fixed Deposit,

" on money deposited in Treasury,

$ 170

87

257

Total,

$

7,985.74

Total,

*

$7,985.74

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

E. R. HALLIFAX, Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

C 46

Table XXV.

Prosecutions under Ordinances No. 3 of 1888, No. 30 of 1915, and No. 4 of 1897.

Offence.

Convicted.

Discharged.

No. of

Cases.

Male. Female. Male.

Female.

31

:ཁ:

26

:

:::

:

Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.

Bills,-Posting without permission,

Fireworks,--Discharged without permission, Drums and Gongs,-Night noises by beating, Processions,--Organising in the public streets without permission,

Householders' Registration,-Failing to register, Ordinance No. 30 of 1915.

Decoying men or boys into or out of the Colony....j Emigration House offences,...

Personating emigrants,

Sending assisted emigrants out of the Colony with- out notifying the Secretary for Chinese Affairs,

Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.

Abduction of girls under 21,

Decoying women and girls into or away from the Colony,

Detaining, barbouring, or receiving women or girls,.. Procuring women or girls to be common prostitutes,, Procuring girls under age to have carual con- noction,

Deriving profits from prostitution and trading in

women,

*

...

:

:

...

1

}

:

:

4:

:

:

...

33

14

19

Remarks.

:

}

2

1

:

:

3

Į

1

N

- C 47 -

C 48

Annexe A.

Report on the work of the Po Leung Kuk for the year 1924.

The Po Leung Kuk Society was founded in 1878 to aid in the detection and suppression of kidnapping, especially of girls and women, and to shelter such girls or women as had been kidnapped. in the interior and brought to Hongkong for sale or emigration.

"institution for the protection of good women Its name means The initiative in its formation came from the Chinese themselves, and ever since, by subscription and personal service, they have continuted to support it.

37

There is a paid Chinese staff-matron, amahs and nurses, and two clerks who are secretaries to the managing Committee. This Committee meets every evening from Monday to Friday at 7 pm. the principal meeting of the week is held at 12 noon on Sunday. It not only manages the Po Leung Kuk, but acts as an advisory Committee to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, in all cases affecting women and children, and Chinese family life generally, which are often extremely difficult and tedious. It corresponds when necessary with charitable institutions and private persons in various parts of China, traces parents of lost children or ill-treated mui tsai, and shelters for the night any Chinese woman or girl who chooses to go. When parents or relations cannot be traced, the Committee arranges for the girls in its care to be given in marriage (never as concubines) or in adoption, always under bond and always with the consent of this office; and in every case this office ascertains the girl's willingness before giving consent to either adoption or marriage.

In addition to the annual Committee appointed by co-option there is a Permanent Committee, which serves to maintain continuity of policy, and of which the Secretary for Chinese Affairs is the ex-officio chairman.

The buildings and their inmates are visited every month by two unofficial Justices of the Peace, one English and one Chinese.

The following gentlemen were elected in March to serve as Managing Committee for the year :-

Lo Chung Kui, Chau Tin Shan, Wong Kan Hing, Lei Kit Cho, Kwok Yau Ting, Chan Kam Po,

Wong Tak Kwong, Au Him Chun, Ma Tsui Chiu, Lei Sing Kui, Yip Wing (ho, Tong Yat Chun.

The number of inmates of the Po Leung Kuk on 1st January 1925, was 69 and during the year 412 persons were admitted as against 393 in 1923. The circumstances of admission and the action taken in regard to them are set out in Table A.

C 49

35 women and girls were committed, under warrant and 306 were admitted without warrant. Of the remainder 33 were lost children, 6 were accompanied by parents or guardians, and 32 were maid-servants or "mui tsai" who had left their masters or mistresses.

On leaving the Kuk 144 women and girls were restored to husbands or other relatives, 83 were sent to charitable institutions in China, 10 were given in adoption, 3 married, 110 released (1 released under bond), 16 sent to the Italian Convent and 10 died. The number of inmates remaining in the Kuk on December 31st was 69.

The income and expenditure during the year and the assets and liabilities of the institution are set out in Table B and C attached.

The accounts of the Managing Committee in the customary form have been audited by Messrs. Lo Chung Kui and Lei Kit Cho. The balance to the credit of the Society at the end of the year was $8,793 as compared with $7,253 at the end of 1923.

The institution was visited monthly by Justices of the Peace, Messrs. A. G. Coppin and Chau Siu-ki who on no occasion found cause for adverse comment. The average monthly number of inmates was 63.

The matron reports favourably on the conduct, health and industry of the inmates during the year. There were 95 cases of sickness of which 45 were sent to the Tung Wa Hospital for treat- ment and of these ten died.

Mrs. Chow Shou-son and Mrs. R. H. Kotewall, (the wives of the two Chinese Members of the Legislative Council) continued to undertake the duty of regular monthly visits of inspection during the year.

28th February, 1925.

E. R. HALLIFAX Secretary for Chinese Affairs. President..

Table A.

Number of Women and Girls admitted to the Po Leung Kuk during the year 1924 and the

arrangements made regarding them.

January, 1924,

In the Po Leung Kuk on 1st

Admitted during the year, ...|

*

2

2

11 19

6

Committed under Warrant from the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs. Committed under Warrant from

the Emigration Office. Pending the opening of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs. Sent with their own consent by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. Sent with their own consent from Singapore and Bangkok.

Sent with their own consent by the Police.

Lost Children.

Accompanying parents or

guardians.

Runaway maid-servants.

Total.

Released after enquiry.

Released under bond.

Placed in charge of husband.

Placed in charge of parents and relatives.

Sent to Charitable Institutions

in China.

dent to school, Convent, or Refuge.

Adopted.

Married.

Died.

Cases under consideration.

Total.

66

7

شماته

33

2 30

97 33 146 33

6 32

412

Total,

35

ཚ།

336 109 35 147 52 | 10

41

Kuk on the 31st Decem.

Remaining in the Po Leung

ber, 1924,

-

6

6

3

27 13

:.

10

478

69

103

:

:

со

10

2276

3

4

4

66

]

19 119 75

11

13

6 65

112

110

1

19 127 83

91

40

= 1

3 10 69

478

-- °C 50

V

Table B.

PO LEUNG KUK.

Statement of Receipts and Expenditure from 1st January to 31st December, 1924.

RECEIPTS.

*

C.

At Current Account,

7,258

*

c.

7,253

Subscriptious-

Elected Committee.

600

Yue Lan Celebrations, West Point,.

355

Guilds,

3,017

Man Mo Temple,

1,387

Theatres,

1,625

6,984

Interest :-(on Mortgage)

On Deposit,

On Current Account,

Total,.

6,912

592

7,501

21,748.44

EXPENDITURE.

By the Elected Committee :~ (see Table C),

Balance :-

At Current Account,

Total,...

if

*

C.

ée

12,950

8,793

C.

*

$21,743.44

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Certified by the Statutory Declaration of Wong Ju Tung and Chan Tia Shan, Members of the Board of Direction,

Table C.

Statement showing particulars of Expenditure by the Elected Committee from 1st January to 31st December, 1924.

*

C 52 -

RECEIPTS,

*

EXPENDITURE.

$

Balance from previous year,

53

Decorations,

46

Received from Permanent Board,

12,950

Food,

3,267

Miscellaneous Receipts,....

22

Light and Fire,

965

Premium on bank notes,

32

Miscellaneous,

537

Passage Money,

194

Petty Expenditure,

232

Printing,

72

Repairs,..

3,293

Stationery,

144

Telephone,

84

Insurance,

137

Wages,

4,021

12,992

Balance,

61

Total,.........S

13,058.68

Total,.......

$

13,058.68

* Cents omitted except in the totals,

Appendix D.

REPORT OF THE HARBOUR MASTER FOR THE YEAR 1924.

1.-Shipping.

2.-Trade.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

3.-Revenue and Expenditure. 4. Steam-launches.

REPORT.

5.-Emigration and Immigration. 6.-Registry of Shipping.

7.-Marine Magistrate's Court. 8.-Marine Court.

9. Examination of Masters,

Mates, and Engineers. 10.-Examination of Pilots. 11. Sunday Cargo Working. 12.-New Territories. 13.-Lighthouses and Signal

Stations.

14.-Government

Harbour

Moorings.

TABLES.

I-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels entered. II.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels cleared.

III. Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels entered at each

Port.

IV. Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels cleared at each

Port.

V.--Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each Nation

entered.

VI.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each Nation

cleared.

VII.-Junks entered from China and Macao. VIII.----Junks cleared for China and Macao.

IX. Summary of Arrivals and Departures of all Vessels.

X.-Licensed Steam-launches entered. XI-Licensed Steam-launches cleared. XII.-Number of Boat Licences issued,

XIII Statement of Revenue.

XIV. Chinese Passenger Ships cleared by the Emigration Officer

(Summary.)

XV. Return of Emigration (Quinquennial Periods.)

XVI. Return of Male and Female Emigrants.

XVII. Vessels bringing Chinese Passengers to Hongkong from

places out of China (Summary.)

XVIII Return of Immigration (Quinquennial Periods.)

XIX.-Return of Male and Female Emigrants returned.

XX.--Vessels Registered.

XXI.-Vessels struck off the Register.

XXII.-Comparison in Number and Tonnage of Vessels in Foreign

Trade entered and cleared since 1915.

XXIII. Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department. XXIV.-Table Showing Total Shipping from 1904 to 1924.

XXV.-Diagram Showing Shipping from 1904 to 1924 all classes. XXVI.-Diagram Showing Shipping from 1904 to 1924 ocean-going.

D 2

ANNEXES.

1.-Report on the Mercantile Marine Office.

B.-Report on the Marine Surveyor's Office.

C.-Report on the Gunpowder Depôt.

D.-Government Coaling Depôt Yaumati.

E.-

"

Slipway

29

F.--Comparative Statement Showing Fees Collected at

Outstations.

1.-Shipping.

A comparison between the years 1923 and 1924 is given in the following table :-

1923.

1924.

Increase.

Decrease.

Class of Vessels.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

British

going,

Foreign Ocean-

going,

Ocean-

5,389 11,222,141 5,297 11,844,752

622,611

92

7,248 14,671,917

7,674 16,030,078

426

1,358,161

British

River

Steamers,

6,008

5,698,350 7,120

6,524,661 1,112

826,311

Foreign River

Steamers,...

1,891

657,730 2,318

840,347

427

182,617

Steamships under

60 tons (Foreign

Trade),

4,811

142,392 7,831

231,833 3,020

89,441

Junks, Foreign

Trade,

24,553

2,619,003 27,525

3,298,828

2,972

679,825

Total, Foreign

Trade,

49,900

35,011,533 57,765 38,770,499

7,957 3,758,966

92

386

Steam Launches

plying in Wa-

ters of the

Colony,

705,544

17,077,346 | 678,750 16,622,806

26,794

454,540

Junks,

Local

Trade,

*22,778

*1,313,360 †27,977 | †1,337,772

5,199

24,412

Grand Total,

778,222 53,402,239 764,492 56,731,077 13,156 3,783,378 26,886

454,540

Nett Increase,.

3,328,838 13,730

* Incinding 15,134 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 961,910 tons.

+

21

15,212

22

654,199,

- D 3

2. The total Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1924 amounted to 764,492 vessels of 56,731,077 Tons, which compared with the figures of 1923 show a decrease of 13,730 vessels and an increase of 3,328,838 Tons.

Of the above 57,765 Vessels of 38,770,499 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade as compared with 49,900 vessels of 35,011,533 tons, in 1923,

3. Table 1 shows a decrease in British Ocean-going Shipping of 92 ships or 17 per cent and an increase of 622,611 tons or 5'5 per cent.

This decrease in ships is due to s.s. "Tai Sang" "Wing Sang" and "Kasara" being transferred to the Chinese flag. The increase in tonnage is due to larger vessels frequenting the Port.

Foreign Ocean-going vessels have increased by 426 ships and by 1,358,161 tons or 59 per cent in numbers and 9'3 per cent in tonnage. This increase in ships and tonnage is due to more and larger American and German vessels frequenting the Port, also to a number of Norwegian, Chilian and Panama vessels put on the Coasting trade.

>>

>>

British River Steamers have increased by 1,112 ships with an increase in tonnage of 826,311 tons or 185 per cent in numbers and 15 per cent in tonnage. This increase in ships and tonnage is due to the s.s. Fook On Tung On Sai On" and "Hang Cheong" built locally being put on the Canton run, also the Chinese s.s. "Wei Shun" and "Ming Shun" being converted into River Steamers and re-named the "Paul Beau” and “ Charles Hardouin”.

Foreign River Steamers show an increase of 427 ships with an increase in tonnage of 182,617 tons or 22.5 per cent in numbers and 27.8 per cent in tonnage. This increase in ships and tonnage is due to the s.s. "Yang Tse Kiang" being converted into a River Steamer and re-named the "Kung On" also the "Wc Ping" being put on the West River run.

In Steamships not exceeding 60 tons employed in Foreign trade there is an increase of 3,020 ships with an increase in tonnage of 89,441 tons or 62.8 per cent in numbers and 62.8 per cent in tonnage. This increase in Launches and tonnage is due princi- pally to the increase in towing trade between this Port and the Taishan District.

D 4

Junks in Foreign trade show an increase of 2,972 vessels, and an increase of 679,825 tons or 12·1 per cent in numbers and 25.8 per cent in tonnage This increase is due to the improvement of trade between this Port and Canton, Macao, East and West River Ports.

In Local trade (.e. between places within the waters of the Colony) there is a decrease in Steam-Launches of 26,794 and a decrease in tonnage of 454,540 tons or 3.8 per cent in numbers and 2-6 per cent in tonnage. This decrease in numbers and tonnage is due to a number of launches being laid up during the year on account of the high cost of fuel.

Junks in Local Trade show an increase of 5,199 vessels and an increase of 24,412 tons or 228 per cent in numbers and 18 per cent in tonnage.

This increase in vessels and tonnage is due prin- cipally to the improvement of trade and the installing of the Junk Office at Shaukiwan.

4. Of vessels of European construction 6,484 Ocean Steamers 4,715 River Steamers and 3,856 steamships not exceeding 60 tons entered during the year, giving a daily average of 412 ships as compared with 347 ships in 1923 and 33-2 ships in 1922.

The average tonnage of Individual Ocean vessels entering the Port has increased from 2,053 2 to 2,129.8 tons, British Ships from 2,070 9 to 2,2343 tons Foreign Ships from 2,040-3 to 2,057'6

tons.

5. The average tonnage of Individual River Steamers enter- ing during the year has increased from 628'1 to 659 8 tons, British River Steamers from 8099 to 819'5 tons and Foreign River Steamers from 332.7 to 340-3 tons.

6. The actual number of Individual Ocean-going vessels of European construction during the year 1924 was 1,123 of which 416 were British and 707 Foreign. In 1923 the corresponding figures were 1,186, 529 British and 657 Foreign.

These 1,123 ships measured 3,552,722 tons. They entered 6,484 times and gave a collective tonnage of 13,809,974 tons.

Thus 63 Less Ships entered 163 more times and gave a collec- five tonnage greater by 830,941 tons, an average of 5,097·7 tons per entry.

Thus:

- D5 -

Steamers.

No. of times entered.

Total Tonnage.

Flag.

1923. | 1924.

1924. 1923. 1924.

1923.

1924.

British,

529

416 2,691

2,650

2,650

5,572,944 | 5,921,002

Japanese,

285

269 1,337

1,324

1,324

3.129,156 | 3,154,550

U.S.A.,

84

100

272

275

1,421,952 | 1,423,490

Chinese,

79

59

788

548

650,643

453,092

German,

29

33

71

79

275,583

317,416

Danish,

· 16

20

58

73

141,171

180,513

Dutch,

46

53

221

262

666,173

807,254

French,

39

39

281

278

515,507

535,528

Italian,

6

17

23

41

95,222

154.371

Panamaian,

105

33

63,242

34,843

Chilean,

Norwegian,

32

Portuguese,

13

Russian;

Siamese,

Swedish,

Spanish,

UNANNON

122

257

52,975

130.606

71

215

287

266,564

443,067

17

108

200

51,003

91,017

2,331

2,621

13

من هر

14

60

47,932

120,830

4

10

17

24,014

42,395

Total. 1,186 1,123 6,3216,484 12,979,033 13,809,974

7. The Nationalities of the Crews in British and in Foreign Ships were as follows:-

VESSELS.

BRITISH CREW.

OTHER EURO-

PEANS AND AMERICANS.

ASIATICS.

1923. 1924. 1923. 1924. 1923. 1924. 1923. 1924.

British, 529 416 81,710 36,666 2,263 479 303,231 209,151

Foreign, 655 707 1,088 1,708 35,558 44,841 267,770 226,048

Total, 1,184 1,123 82,798 38,374 37,821 45,320 571,001 435,199

Hence in British ships

D 6

2nd in Foreign ships

1923. 21.10 %

1924.

1923.

1924.

00:59 %

78:31 %

14.89% of the crews were British. 00-20% of the crews were other Europeans & Americans. 84.91% of the crews

were Asiatics.

00:36 %

00·63 % of the crews

11.68 %

were British. 16.45% of the crews

were other

Europeaus &

Americans.

87.96 % 82.92 % of the crews

were Asiatics.

100.00 %

100.00%

100.00% 100·00 %

2.-TRADE.

8. Statistics of Imports and Exports are collected and published by the Imports and Exports Department.

9. The number and tonnage of ships of European type of construction carrying cargo for import and transit compared with 1923 were as follows:-

1923.

1924.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Tonnage.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

Steamers,

6,321 12,979,033

764 478,547

6,484 | 13,809,974 163 830,941 River Steamers,| 3.951| 3,153,891 4,715 3,632,438 Sailing Vessels,

Total,...... 10,272 16,132,924 |11,199 | 17,442,412

927 1,309,488

Nett Increase..

927 1,309,488

-

10. The corresponding figures relating to ships of European type of construction, shipping bunker coal, are as follows :—

Steamers,

River Steamers,

Sailing Vessels,

Total,

EXPORTS.

1923.

1924.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Tonnage. No. Tounage. 6,316 | 12,915,025 6,487 14,064,856! 3,948 3,202,189 | 4,723 | 3,732,570

No. Tonnage.

No. Tonnage.

171

775

1,149,831

530,381

10,264 | 16,117,214 11,210 17,797,426 946 1,680,212

Nett Increase,.

946

1,680,212

D 7

1923.

1924.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Bunker

Coal.

No.

Bunker

Coal.

No.

Bunker

Coal.

Bunker

No.

Coal.

Steamers,

6,316

543,324 6,487 506,520 171

136,804

River Steamers,

3,948

62,737 4,723

90,974 775

28,237

Total,........

|10,264 |

606,061 11,210

597,494

946

28,237

136,804

Nett Increase,.

946

:

108,567

D 8

11. The River Trade compared with 1923 is shown in the following Table :-

Year.

1923.....

1924..

Imports Tons.

Exports. Tons.

Passengers.

369,685

589,849

1,923,909

493,711

663,802 2,536,768

12. The following Tables show the Junk Trade of the Colony for the year 1923 and 1924 :—

IMPORTS.

1923.

1924.

Junks.

Tons.

Junks.

Tonnage.

Foreign Trade,..............12,234

1,297,253

13,661

1,644,206

Local Trade....

3,759

173,365

6,206

368,494

Total, ......15,993

1,470,618

19,867

2,012,700

Cargo.

Cattle, 764 heads,

Tous.

89

Swine, 11,912 heads,

700

Earth and Stones,

General,......

12,178

592,573

605,540

Total,..

EXPORTS.

1923.

1924.

Junks.

Tons.

Junks.

Tonnage.

Foreign Trade,................12,319

1,321,750

13,864

1,654,622

Local Trade,....... 3,885

178,085

6,559

315,079

Total,16,204

1,499,835

20,423

1,969,701

Cargo.

Kerosine,

Rice and Paddy,

Coal,

General,...

Tons.

47,596

.388,883

..168,344

..603,763

Total,.............

1,208,586

13. Summary of the Shipping of the Port for the year 1924 :-

Registered.

Passengers.

Emigrants.

No. of

Ships.

Tonnage.

Bunker Coal.

Arrived.

Departed. Returned. Departed.

British Occan-going,

5,297

****

11 844,752

264,186

189,231

126,622

68,307

72,259

Foreign Occan-going,

7,674

16,030,078

242,334

206,186

123,142

61,887

57,600

British River Steamers,

7,120

6,524,661

66.179

1,153.966

1,141,973

Foreign River Steamers,·

2,318

810,347

24,795

125,639

115,190

...

Total,.

22,409

35,230,838

597,494

1,675,022

1,506,927

130,194

129,859

Steam-launches, Foreign Trade......

7,831

231,833

18,616

41

Junks, Foreign 1 rade,.

27,525

3,298,828

116,844

51

101,939

...

...

.་་

...

Total, Foreign Trade,

57,765

38,770,199

616,010

1,791,907

1,611,917 130,194

129,859

Steam-launches, Local Trade,

678,750

16,622,806

26,243

7,193,009

7,539,213

Junks, Local Trade,

12,765

683,573

600

$82

Total, Local Trade, .

691,515

17,306,379

26,243

7,193,609

7,540,095

Grand Total,..

749,280

56,076,878

642,253

8,985 516

9,152,012

130,194

129,859

D 10

3.-Revenue and Expenditure.

14. The total Revenue during the year was $997,530.74 as against $925,643.02 collected in the previous year showing an increase of $71,887.72 or 7-21%.

1923.

Light Dues,

$137.455.61

1924. $150,689,01

Increase. Decrease. $13,233.40

Light Dues, Special Assessments.

151,097,65

165,639.40

Licences and Internal Revenue,.

186.879.90

198.686.34

Fees of Court and Office.

447,707.09

482,456.21

14,541.75 11,806 44 34,749.12

Miscellaneous Receipts.

2.502.77

59.78

$ 2,442.99

$925,643-02 $997,530.74

$74.330.71 $2,442.99

The principal individual increases are :—

Light Dues,...

$13,233,40

Light Dues, Special Assessments,

14,541.75

Boat Licences,..

6,576,40

Fines,

1,000.39

Junk Licences,

2,315.00

Steam-launch Licences,

1,636.25

Fees for use of Government Buoys,

2,693.16

Medical Examination of Emigrants,

9,565.10

Survey of Steam Launches,

1,780.00

Sunday Cargo Working Permits,

24,525,00

The principal individual decreases are:--

Engagement and Discharge of Seamen,

$

968.00

Official Signature,

2,304.00

Printed Form3,

616.25

was

The Expenditure excluding Special expenditure $318,412.04 as against $300,484.95 expended in the previous year showing an increase of $17,927.09. This increase is principally due to additional staff and stipulated increments.

Special Expenditure included :-

Altering the character of Cape Collin-

sion Light,

$ 2,489.67

Installation of two Aga Lights on Lye-

mun Pass,

6,130.00

<<

Installation of Beckwith Bell ".

8,029.09

Upkeep of Armed Patrol Launches for

prevention of Piracy, ..

112,341.15

Renewal of Moorings and provision of

new Typhoon Moorings,

119,993.97

First instalment of a total sum of $275,000 for construction of a

Rescue Tug,

56,000.00

$304,983.88

15. The Amount of Light Dues collected during the year 1924 was as follows:-

Special Assessment.

No. of

Class of Vessels.

Trips.

Tonuage.

Rate

per ton.

Fecs

Collected.

Rate

per ton.

Fees

Collected.

Total Fees

Collected.

$

C.

C.

$

Ocean Vessels,...

7,135

14,208,766

1 cent.

142,087.66

1 cent.

142,087.66

284,175,32

Steam-launches,

2,909

104,057

""

1,040.57 1

1,040.57

2,081.14

River Steamers, (Night Boats),.

2,705

2,268,227

""

7,560.78

11,341.36

18,902.14

Do.,

(Day Boats),

1,263

1,340,375

Nil.

11,169.81

11,169.81

>>

Total,..

14,012

17,921,425

$150,689.01

D 11

$165,639.40

$316,328.41

D 12

4. Steam-launches.

16. On the 31st December, 1924, there were 462 Steam-launches (including licensed motor boats) employed in the harbour. Of these 409 were licensed for the conveyance of passengers, etc., 33 were the property of the Colonial Covernment, and 20 belonged to the Imperial Government, comprising 4 Military (including one motor boat) and 16 Naval. In addition there were 32 motor boats privately

owned for pleasure and private purposes.

Steam Launches and Motor Boats licences were issued as follows in three classes from the 1st July, 1924, under Regulations, Section 37 of the Merchant Shipping Ordinance, No. 10 of 1899.

Class I.........223 licences

Class II

12

รา

Class III. 58

1 coxswain's certificate was cancelled and 2 were suspended for incompetence or negligence in the performance of their duties; one for a year aud the other for re-examination.

909 engagements and 850 discharges of masters and engineers were recorded during the year.

5.--Emigration and Immigration.

17. 129,859 emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1924 (120,224 in 1923). Of these 72,259 were carried in British ships and 57,600 in Foreign ships.

130,194 returning emigrants were reported to have been brought to Hongkong from the several places to which they had emigrated either from this Colony or from Coast Ports, as against 121,102 in 1923. Of these, 68,307 arrived in British ships and 61,887 in Foreign ships.

6.-Registry, etc., of Shipping.

18. During the year, 121 ships were registered under the provisions of the Merchant Shipping Acts, and 38 Certificates of Registry cancelled. 312 documents, etc., were dealt with in con- nection with the Act, the fees on which amounted to $3,374 as compared with $2,814 in 1923.

D 13

7.-Marine Magistrate's Court.

19. 392 cases were heard in the Marine Magistrate's Court (268 in 1923). Being within 100 yards from low water mark during prohibited hours without permit, Dredging within the harbour limits without permit, Boarding ships without permission, Failing to observe the Rule of the Road, Being in Causeway Bay Harbour of Refuge without permit, Obstructing the fairways in the harbour, Making fast to steamships while under way and carrying passengers in excess were the principal offences.

8. Marine Court.

(Under Section 19 of Ordinance 10 of 1899).

20. During the year 1924 five courts were held, viz:-

(1) On the 14th day of February, 1924, to enquiré into the circumstances of the abandoning of the British Steain- ship"Mary Harlock," Official No. 131,916 of Harwich. Mr. Robert Charles Hill, certificate of competency as Extra Master No. 036,616 of Sunderland, was Master.

(2) On the 9th day of April, 1921, to enquire into the circumstances of the stranding of the British Steamship "Heung Shan," Official No. 95,855 of Hongkong. Mr. Reginald D. Thomas, certificate of competency as Master No. 1,010 of Hongkong, was Master.

(3) On the 2nd day of July, 1924, to enquire into the circumstances of the stranding of the British Steamship "Seistan", Official No. 89,430 of Hongkong Mr. David Thomas, certificate of competency as Master No. 001,183 of Liverpool, was Master.

(4) On the 3rd day of October, 1924, to enquire into the circumstances of the total loss of the British Steamship "Tin Sing," Official No. 123,099 of Hongkong. Mr. David Morgan, certificate of competency as Master No. 582 of Victoria, Australia, was Master.

(5) On the 8th day of October, 1924, to enquire into the circumstances of the stranding of the British Steamship "Tecumseh," Official No. 135,829 of Hongkong. Mr. Joseph Errett, certificate of competency as Master No. 009,177 of Dublin, was Master.

9.-Examination of Masters, Mates, and Engineers.

(Under Board of Trade Regulations.)

21. The following Tables show the number of Candidates examined under Ordinance No. 10 of 1899 for Certificates of Compe- tency.

Grade.

D 14

Passed.

Failed.

Master, ...

Master, River Steamers,

First Mate,

Second Mate,

33

16

1

36

14

7

Mate, River Steamers,.

...

:

* Total,

77

38

First Class Engineer,

Second Class Engineer,

988

16

10

28

19

† Total,

44

29

* Passed 670 per cent.

† Passed 60-3 per cent.

Failed 330 per cent.

Failed 39.7 per cent.

For Steamships not exceeding 60 tons, under Section 37 of Ordinance 10 of 1899 :-

Candidates.

Master,... Engineer,

Total,...

Passed.

Failed.

130

40

209

36

339

76

For Master Passed 765 per cent. For Engineer Passed 853 per cent.

Failed 23.5 per cent.

Failed 147 per cent.

10. Examination of Pilots.

(Under Ordinance No. 3 of 1904.)

22. No candidates were examined. 23 Licences were renewed during the year.

11. Sunday Cargo-Working.

23. Under Ordinance No. 1 of 1891, 934 permits were issued during the year as compared with 827 in 1923.

The Revenue collected under this head amounted to $163,025 as against $138,500 in 1923 showing an icrease of $24,525.

D 15

12. New Territories.

(Twenty-fifth year of British Administration.)

24. The Out-stations attached to the Harbour Department con- tinued to perform the work allotted to them and during the year Licences, etc., were issued by them as follows:-

1923.

1924.

Cheung Chau, opened 1899...........

3,565

2,421

Tai O,

1899.

2,366

1,541

""

Tai Po,

1900..

1,597

1,447

>>

Sai Kung,

1902...

1.146

719

Long Ket,

1905..

863

826

Deep Bay, Lantao,

1911..

577

525

""

1912.

737

713

"

10,851

8,192

13.-Lighthouses and Signal Stations.

GAP ROCK LIGHTHOUSE..

25. During 1924 a total number of 1,177 vessels were signalled and reported including 333 by Flash lamp.

4,073 messages, including meterological observations for the Observatory, were sent by telegraph, and 78 by wireless, 136 messages were received by telegraph and 596 by wireless including weather reports.

Telegraphic communication was interrupted for 33 hours.

There were 232 hours of fog, and fog signals were fired 1,153 times.

The fortnightly reliefs were delayed 4 times owing to bad weather.

WAGLAN LIGHTHOUSE.

26. During 1924, 3,592 vessels were signalled and reported in- cluding 861 by Flash lamp. 30 vessels were not reported owing to telegraphic communication being interrupted.

3,487 messages including meteorological observations for the Royal Observatory were sent and 936 were received.

Telegraphic communication was interrupted for 69 hours.

There were 343 hours 15 minutes fog and fog signals were fired 4,275 times.

D 16

The Diaphone fog signal was sounded for 325 hours 46 minutes for fog, and 21 hours 25 minutes for testing purposes.

On one occasion the fortnightly relief was delayed by rough sea.

GREEN ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE AND SIGNAL STATION,

27. During 1924, 1,642 vessels were signalled and reported. 36 vessels were not reported owing to telephonic communication being interrupted.

17.

343 messages were sent and 23 were received.

28. The number of Aga lights (including Green Island) is now

29. Cheung Chow Beacon sustained damage during the tr- phoon of 18th August, 1923 and was reconstructed of reinforced con- crete piles close to the old position. The apparatus was removed to the new site on September 2nd, 1924 without any cessation of the light.

30. Two pillar lighthouses were erected one on each side of the Lyemun Pass showing a Red flash every 5", and were first exhibit- ed on the 1st of July.

31. Owing to the similarity in the characters of Lam Tong and Cape Collinson lights, the latter was altered to a group flash (2) on 8th of August.

32. An automatic fog bell (The Beckwith Bell) was erected on Lam Tong Island and put into operation on the 18th March, 1924. It was discontinued on 3rd September, and will in future be in operation only during the fog season from January to May.

33. As an additional navigational aid the cliffs on the North and East side of Lam Tong were white-washed.

KAP SING LIGHTHOUSE.

34. This station has been regularly inspected and has worked satisfactorily throughout the year.

SIGNAL STATIONS.

35. At the Peak Signal Station 2,636 vessels were signalled and reported. The gun signal denoting the arrival of Mail Steamers was fired 105 times.

At the Signal Hill Station 5,328 vessels were signalled and re- ported as entering and 3,273 as leaving the harbour. 188 Typhoon and 4 gale signals were hoisted.

D 17

14.-Harbour Moorings.

GOVERNMENT ORDINARY MOORINGS.

36. Government Moorings as detailed below are available for the use of vessels frequenting the Port :-

Daily Rental.

Number Available.

1923.

1924.

A Class for Vessels 450/600

feet long

$8.00

13

17

B Class for Vessels 300/450

feet long

6.00

19

14

C Class for Vessels less than

300 feet long...

4.00

24

23

Total...

56

54

In the aggregate these moorings were in use throughout the

year as follows:-

A Class 4,392 days.

B Class 5,590

C Class 8,126

GOVERNMENT TYPHOON MOORINGS.

37. In order to provide better facilities for dealing with the difficulties arising during typhoon seasons it was decided to con- vert 14 A Class and 2 B Class into Special Typhoon Moorings. The conversion of 12 A Class was carried out during the year and the remainder will be completed before the next typhoon season.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

38. The gross revenue for the year, including $1,090 from Private Buoys, was $102,280.22 and the expenditure for upkeep was $24,986.08. The expenditure in connection with the conver- sion of 12 A Class into special typhoon moorings and the provision of 2 new A Class Buoys was $119,993.97.

PRIVATE BUOYS.

39. Permission was granted to various industrial concerns to maintain private buoys and moorings to the number of 24, and the total revenue derived from that source was $1,090.

HARBOUR DEPARTMENT, Hongkong, 12th March, 1925.

G. F. HOLE, Lieut.-Commander R.N.,

Harbour Master, &c.

Tabe I-NUMBER, TONNAGE, AND CREWS

BRITISH.

COUNTRIES WHENCE ARRIVED.

WITH CARGO,

IN BALLAST.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Australia,

British North Borneo,...

26

Canada,

Coast of China, Ships,....

28 63,156 2,466

54,047 2,462

37 331,280 13,247

3,744 | 4,628,345 228,475

1

2,753

46

230

243,392 12,717

Steamships under 60 tons....

Juuks,

:

:

:

?

Cochin China.

128

168,111 8,514

Dutch East Indies,

10

24,164

628

Europe,-Atlantic Ports,

15

57,554

1,293

Baltic Ports,

31

9 38,098

616

Mediterranean Ports..........................

17

65,559

1,043

Formosa,

Great Britain,

India,

Japan,

Kwong-chau-wan,

3

5,151

142

114

549,722

13,588

1

285

30

66

241,824 9,597

1

14

37

133

581,333 19,074

1

3,105

39

:

*Macao, Ships,

Steamships under 60 tons,

""

Junks,

Mauritius,

980

794,351 49,005

:

1

1,406

80

North and South Pacific Islands,

:

Philippine Islands,

Ports in Hainan and Gulf of Tonkin,

149

82 287,061 11.415

192,509 11,298

1

1,047

54

3

2,513

152

Russia in Asia,

Siam,

146

213,377 12,481

:

:

South American l'orts,

3

&

Straits Settlements,..

191

9,231

248,135 10,566

137

Tsingtau,

29

53,323 2,361

:

United States of America,

59

262,807 3,968

3

6,623

62

TOTAL,..

5,970 | 8,870,844 | 402,456

241

259,732 13,69

!

D.19

SHIPPING, 1924.

FOREIGN.

Tabe I-NUMBER, TONNAGE, AND CREWS, OF VESSELS ENTERED AT PORTS IN THE COLONY OF HONGKONG

BRITISH.

WITH CARGO.

IN BALLAST,

TOTAL.

WITH CARGO.

IN BALLAST.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels.

Tons.

Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels.

28

63,156 2,466

28

63,156 2,466

13 58,798

1,545

13

26

54,047 2,462

1

2,753

46

27

56,800 2,508

2

5,118

84

2

37

331,280 13,247

37

331,280 13,247

2

6,384

64

2

3,744 4,628,345 228,475

230

243,392

12,717

3,974

4,871,737 241,192

2,556 | 2,386,135 | 106,602

149

438,978 19,456 3,005

:

1,571

42,020

16,475

2,157

8,703

967,733 | 143,787

4,085

70,603 25,505 3,728

559,561 68.973 12,788

128

168,111 8,514

128

168,111 8,514

17

207,024 9.339

17

10

24,464

628

:..

10

24,464

628

109

361,157

8,597

315

43

111

15

57,554

1,293

15

57,554

1,293

117

539,240

12,763

1

5,951

208

118

9

38,098

616

9

38,098

616

54

214,556

2,374

54

17

65,559

1,043

17

65,559

1,043

:

:

:

3

5,151

142

:

3

5,151

142

228

285,058 12,672

$

8,104

284

236

114

549,722

13,588

1

285

66

241,824 9,597

30

I

30

115

550,007 13,618

30

153,103 3,369

30

:

1

14

37

67

241,838 9,634

87

283,725

5,706

3

14,948

143

90

133

581,333 19,074

3,105

39

134

584,438

19,113

401

1,386,688 32,869

4

10,971

166

405

:

210

75,845 10,914

288

54

211

980 794,351 49,005

:

980

794,351

49,005

3

1,891

153

7,488

589

22

:

63

1,531

617

65

1,561

566

128

206 35,389

2,305

667

81,523

10,959

873

1

1,406

80

1,406

80

:

:.

:

...

:

82 287,061 11.415

1,047

54

83

149 192.509 11,298

3

2,513

152

152

288,108 11,469

195,022 11,450

55 390,613

248 168,199

11,61

10

5

552

179

60

12,318

8

7,801

472

256

:

146

213,377 12,481

146

3

9,231

137

191

29

59

248,135 10,566

53,323 2,361

262,807 3,968

3

6,623

3

191

213,377 12,481

9,231 137

248,135 10,566

132 156,775

7,762

132

16

73,827

16

1,111

...

42

99,414

42

3,860

29

:

53,323

2,361

3

8,925 178

3

624

62 269,430

4,592

161

940,383

23,192

*13,279

438

163

5,970 8,870,844 | 402,456

241 259,732 13,699

6,2119,130,576 | 416,155 15,029 8,849,831 430,269

7,476 1,221,926 | 128,035

22,505 1

A

4:

:

:

ONGKONG FROM EACH COUNTRY IN THE YEAR 1924.

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGO.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

WS. Vessels.

Tons.

Crews. Vessels. Tons.

Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

13

58,798

1,545

41

121,954

4,011

41

121,954 4,011

2

5,118

84

28

59.165 2,546

1

2,753

16

29

61,918 2,592

2

6,384

64

39

337,664 13,311

156

3,005

2,825,113 | 126,058

505

3,728

173

12.788

112,623 41,980

1,527,294 212,760 | 8,703

6,300 | 7,014,480 | 335,077

1,571

42,020 16,475

967,733 143,787

679

2,157

4,085

682,370 32,173

70,603 25,505

559,561 68,973

39 337,664 13,311

6,979 7,696,850 367,250

17 207,021 9,339

145

375.135 17,853

3,728 112,623 41,980

12,788 1,527,294 212,760

145 375,135 17,853

43

111

361,772 8.640

119

385,921 9,225

2

315

43

121

386,236 9,268

08

118

545,194 12,971

132

596,794 14,056

5,954

208

133

602,748 14,264

54

214,556 2,374

63

252,654 2,990

63

252,651 2,990

17

65,559 1,043

17

65,559 1,043

84

236

293,162 12,956

231

290,209 12,814

8

8,104

284

239

298,313 13,098

30

153,103 3,369

144

702,825 16,957

1

285

30

145

703,110 16,987

43

90

298,673 5,819

153 525,549 15,303

4

14,962

180

157 540,511 15,483

66

405

1,397,659 33,035

5341,968,021 51,943

14,076

205

539

1,982,097 52,148

54

211

76,133 10,968

39

22

9,379

742

210

.983

75,845 10,914

796,242 49,158

1

288

54

211

76,133 10,968

19

7,488

589

1,002

803,730 49,747

56

128

3,092 1,183

63

1,531

65

65

1,561

566

128

19

873

116,912 13,264

206 35,389 2,305. 667 81,523 10,959

1

1,406

80

:

:

1

3,092 1,183

873 116,912 13,264

80

1,406

:

:

60

'2

391,165 11,792

256 176,000 12,790 397

137 677,674 23,028

6

1,599

233

143 679,273 23,261

360,708 23,616

11

10,314

624

408 371,022 24,240

132 156,775 7,762

278

370,152 20,243

:.

:

278

370,152 *20,243

16

42

3

00

163

73,827 1,111

83,058 1,248

99,414 3,860 233 347,549 14,426

8,925

178

32 62,248 2,539

953,662 23,630 220 1,203,190 27,160

19

19

83,058 1,248

233

347,549 14,426

32

62,248 2,539

5 19,902

1,062

225 1,223,092 28,222

5

19

22,505 10,071,757 | 558,304 20,999 17,720,675 832,725 7,717 1,481,658 141,734 28,716 19,202,333 974,459

COUNTRIES TO WHICH DEPARTED.

Australia.

British North Borneo......

Canada,

WITH CARGO.

:

Table II-NUMBER, TONNAGE, AND CREW

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

Bunker Coal.

Vessels.

Tous.

Crews.

Bunker Coal.

Bún

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Co:

25

53,471

2,551

923

25

25

52,518

2,327 1,400

17

51,730

793

2,708

42

34

302,162

12,607

3,380

4

22,234

764

i

5,300

38

53,471 2,551

104,248 3,120 1.

324,396 13.371 8.

!

3,949 4,421,890 | 246,355 | 123,841

67

(98,244 4,340

5,154

4,016 | 4,520,134 | 250.695 |128.

:

:

Coast of China, Ships,

1:

Cochin China,

Steamships under 60 tons....

Junks,

Dutch East Indies.

Europe, Mediterranean Ports,

Formosa,

Atlantic Ports.

Baltic Ports,

:..

:

:

:

89

107,696 6,007 16,457

7,410

45

* 58,842

2,807

9,532

134

142 2,500

13

31,432

733

1,860

166,538 8,814 25.1

15 38,842

875 4.

37

182,546 3,235 2,180

:

:

:

:

37

182,546

3,233

2,

:

:

:

794,351 49,051

6,

1

3,521

72

100

:

]

3,521

72

Great Britain............ .

93 496,172 13,610 4,590

93

496,172 13,610

4,

:

J.

India,

84 281,322 14,053 5,610

to

6

23,861

559

69

80

90

Japan,

220

918,040 25,767

18,925

7

17,875

376

650

227

305,186 14,612 5,1

935,915 26,143

19.

Kwon chau-wau,

Macao, Ships,

930

**

:

794,351

49,051

6,994

:

:

:

930

Steamships under 60 tons,

:

:..

Junks,.

:

:

Mauritius,

2

4,636

186

800

:

4,636

186

Philippine Islands,

96

379,391 14,699 13,850

2

4,617

122

800

orts in Hainan and Gulf of Tonkin,

122

129,225 8,993 14,221

36

Siam,

118

173,090 10,341 37,810

10

5

60,011 2,181 6,086

7,706 432 1,927

98 384,008 14.821 14,0

158 189,236 11,174 20,:

123 180,796 10,773 39,

South American Ports,

....

Straits Settlements,

87 171,120- 8,196 28,412-

19

United States of America,

50 238,964 3,618 2,800

21

42,257 1,332′′ 4,779

102,200 1,783 11,690

108 213,677 9,528 -28,

71 341,164 5,401 14,

TOTAL,

5,964 8,717,825 421,808 279,799

242

521,012 16,222 50,566

6,206 | 9,238,837 438,030 |350,3

D 20

-NUMBER, TONNAGE, AND CREWS OF VESSELS CLEARED IN THE COLONY OF HONGKONG TO EACH COUNTR

TISH.

AST.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGO.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Crews.

Bunker Vessels.

Coal.

Tons.

Crews.

Bunker Coal,

Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Bunker Coal.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

Bunker Coal.

Vessels. Tons.

Crews.

25

53,471

793

2,708

42 104,248

764

4,340

5,300

5,154

923 2,551

3,120 4,108.

8.680. 13.371 324,396 38

4,016 | 4,520,134 250.695

14

63,942 1,957

350

1

2,884

15

29

:

35,259

1,129

3,870

29

66,826

35,259 1,129

1,998

1

1,898

39

350

1

1,898

39

128.995

:

:

2,474 2,117,314 |127,418

471 14,817 5,271

11,112 1,366,199 |192,416

45,506

87

108,174

4,510

3,465

2,561 | 2,225,488 | 131,928

2,657

3,380

98,264 36,927

15,275

3,851

113,081

42,198

2,064

196,817 25,123

13,176

1,563,016 [217,539

2,807

9,532

134

166,538

733

1,860

15

38,842

8,814 25,989

875

4,360

101

110,569 5,518

19,823

72

109,129

4,061

12,833

173

219,698

9,579

100

327,324

9,555 3,705

17

35.628

871

2,445

117

362,952

10,426

41

:

215,079 7,520 3,400

14

37

182,546

3.233 2,180

63

265,986

5,135 4,625

12

57,674

474

:

:

215,079

7,520

63

265,986

5,135

12

57,674

474

1

3,521

72

100

:

:

93

559

80

90

376

650

227

935,915

496,172

305,186 14,612

26,143 19,575

13,610 4,590

5,690

175 221,784

37 202.960

128 428,173

10,632 1,102

148

184,721

5,597

969

323

406,505

16,229

5,403

8,258

220

37

:

202,960

5,403

15,439

2

3;176

65

99

900

130

431,349

8,357

347

220

1,504,626

33,$322,978

23,898

692

220

355

1,528,524

34,555

:

77,823 11,493 9,168

2,832

379

310

229

80,655

11,872

:

:

930

794,351

49,051 6,994

* 4

3,381

147

21

6,690

755

327

25

10,071

902

32

953

:

296

135

92

2,084

846

449

124

3.037 1,142

641

85,797 9,671

47

:

5,809

697

688

91,606

10,368

4,636

186

800

:

:

122

800

384,008 98

14.821

14,656

85

517,148

13,098

3,860

7

14,108

286

1,300

92

531,256

13.384

2,181

6,086

189,236 158

11,174

20,307

227 174,686

11,663 15,340

186

286,775

7,536

10,502

413

461,461

19,199

432

1,927

123

180,796

10,773

39,737

116

...

→1,332

1,783

4,779

11,690

- 106

71

213,677- 9,528

341,164 5,401

· 28,191 ·

14,490

25

18

137,241 7,295

107,246 2,448

34,828

17

22,899

795

4,170

133

160,140

8,090

5,130

25

107,246 2,448

181

33,616

1,055,502

1,1831

25,810

830

13

35,004

29,010

15

63,440

572

997

3,199

6,905

31

196

68.620

1,118,942

1,755

26,807

16.222

50,566

6.2069,238,837 |438,030 | 330,365

16,627 9.089,840 496,524218,156

91,952 6,216 1,239,489

67,489

22,843 10,329,329 | 588,476

EACH COUNTRY IN THE YEAR 1924.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGO.

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

GRAND TOTAL.

Tons.

Crews.

Bunker Coal.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

Bunker Coal.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

Bunker Coal.

Tons. Vessels.

Crews.

Bunker Coal.

66,826

1,998

350

39

i17,413

4,508

1,273

1

2,884

41

40

120,297

4,519 1,273

35,259

1,129

3,870

25

52,518

2,327

1,400

46

86,989

1,922

6,578

71

139,507 4,249

7,978

1,898

39

350

34

302,162 | 12,607

3,380

5

24,132

803

5,650

39

326.294

13,410

9,030

2,225,488 131,928

48,971

6.423

6,539,204 | 373,773 169,347

154

206,418

8,850

8,619

6,577 | 6,745,622 | 382,623

177,966

113,081

42,198

17,932

1,563,016 (217,539

471 14,817

11,112 1,366,199 | 192,416

5,271 2,657

3,380

98.264

36,927

15,275

3,851

113,081

42,198

17,932

2,064

196,817

25,123

13,176 1,563,016 |217,539

219,698

9,579 32,656

190

218,265

11,525

36,280

117

167,971

6,868

22,365

362,952

10,426

6,150

102

331,734

9,697

6,205

30

67,060

1.604

4,305

307

132

386,236

18,393

58,615

401,794 11,301

10,510

215,079

7,520

3,400

41

215,079

7,520

3,400

44 215,079

7,520

3,400

'

265,986 5,135 4,625

100

448,532

8,368

6,805

100

:

448,532

8,368

6,805

57,674

474

12

57,674

474

12

57,674

174

406,505

16,229 2,071

176

225,305

10,704

1,202

148

184,721

5,597

969

324

410,026

16,301

2,171

202,960 5,403

220

130

699,132 19,013

4,810

:

130

699,132 19,013

4,810

431,349

8,357

16,389

212

709,195

22,311

21,099

27,010

658

980

220

736,535

22,969

22,079

>

1,528,524

34,555

23,198

567

2,122,666

59,630

41,903.

15

41,773

1,068

870

582

2,464,439

60,698

42,773

80,655 11,872

9,478

220

77,823

11,493 9,168

9

2,832

379

310

229

$0,655

11,872

9,478

10,071

902

327

934

797,732 49,198

6,991

21

6,690

755

327

955

804,422 49,953

7,321

3.037

1,142

584

32

953

296

135

92

2,084

846

449

124

3,037

1,142

584

91,606

10,368

:

641

85,797

9,671

47

5,809

697

688

:

91,606 10,368

2

4.636

186

800

2

:

4,636

186

800

2

531,256

13,384

5,160

181

896,539 27,797 17,716

18,725

408

2,100

190

915,261 28,205

19,816

3

461,461

19,199

25,842

349

3

160,140

8,090

38,998

234

303,9111

310,331

15

107,246

2,118

5,130

25

31

68.620

1,755

4,029

105

16 1,118,942

26,807

35,915

231

20,656

17,636 72.638

107,246, 2,448 5,130

24,242 9,379 205,036

1,294,466 29,428 31,810

29,561

222

346,785

19.717

16,588

571

650,697 30,373

46,149

22

30,605

1,227

6,097

256

340,936

18,863

78,735

25

107,246

2,448

5,130

32

36

77,261

1.904

165,640 2.780

7,978

18,595

137

267

282,297

32,208 1,460,106

11,283

32,220

50,405

3 10,329,329 | 588,476 285,645

22,591 17,807,665 918,332 497,955

6,458 | 1,760,501 |108,174 | 118,055

29,049 19,568,166 1,026,506 616,010

D 21

and CREWS of VESSELS ENTERED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONGKONG in the YEAR 1924.

TOTAL.

FOREIGN.

WITH CARGO.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGO.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Crews. Vessels.

Tons.

Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels.

Tons.

Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels.

Tons. Crews. Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

148

7,804 1,577

14

737 175

162

8,541

1,752 148

7,804

1,577

14

737

175

162

8,541

1,752

130

7,795 1,580

3

660

29

133

8,455 1,609 130

7,795

1,580

3

660

29

133

8,455 1,609

28

711

176

:

16

339

141

44

1,050 317

28

711

176

16

339 141

44

1.050

317

:

349

12,805 3,345

397

27,278 5,254

746

40,083❘* 8,599

349

12,805 3,345

397

27,278 5,254

746

40,083 8,599

2

94

26

119

4,529 1,360

686

416,155

93,643 6,020

13,567 8,722,450 | 416,185

94

4,529 || 1,360 991 44,129 10,334 1,677 137,772❘ 16,354 6,055 1,148,783 112,102❘ 19,622 | 9,871,233 | 528,287

2

26

2

94

26

94

26

119

119

4,529 1,360

686 93,643 6,020 19,537 17,593,294 818,641

:

991 44,129 10,334

119 4,529

1,677 137,772 | 16,354 6,296 1,408,515| 125,801 || 25,833 |19,001,809 |944,442

1,360

416,155 15,029 8,849,831 430,269

7,476 1,221,926 128,035 22,505 10,071,757 558,304

20,999 17,720,675 832,725

7,717 |1,481,658|141,734 | 28,716 |19,202,333 974,459

L

Names of Ports.

:

D 21

Table III.-TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE and CREWS of VESSELS ENTERED at EACH PORT i

BRITISH.

FOREIGN.

WITH CARGO,

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGO.

IN BALLAST.

Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons.

Crews. Vessels.

Tons.

Crews. Vessels. Tons.

Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels

Aberdeen,

Cheung Chau,.

148

Saikung,

Shaukiwan,..

Stanley,

Tai O,

Yaumati,.

Victoria,

5,970 8,870,844 402,456

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

7,804

1,577

14

737 175

162

130

:

:

7,795

1,580

660

29

133

28

711

176

16

339

141

44

349

12,805

3,345

397

27,278 5,254

746

2

94

26

:

119

4,529

1,360

119

686

་་་

93,643

6,020

991

44,129 10,334

1,677

241|259,732 | 13,699

6,211 9,130,576 | 416,155

13,567 | 8,722,450 | 416,185

6,055 1,148,783|112,102 | 19,622

Total,

5,970 8,870,844 | 402,456

241 259,732 | 13,699

| |

| 6,211 9,130,576 416,155 15,029 8,849,831 | 430,269

7,476 1,221,926 128,035 22,50€

D 22

EWS of VESSELS CLEARED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONGKONG in the YEAR 1924.

FOREIGN.

TOTAL.

TH CARGO.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGO.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

S.

Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

,056

236

138 5,309 1,516

162

6,365 1,752

24

1,056

236

138

.438

1,058

458

108

:

846

2,173

74 4,324 909

26

708

210

510

33,241

6,261

151

9,762

1,967

:

:

:

41

1,166

318

730

42,087 8,434

91

26

:

94

26

...

:

:

:

:

5,309 1,516

162

6,365

1,752

77

5,438

1,058

74

4,324

909

151

9.762

1,967|

18

458

108

26

708

210

220

8,846 2,173

2

94

26

:

:.

:

44

1,166

318

510

33,241

6,261

730

42,087

8,434

2

94

26

:

:

746

1,224

17

783

136

119

,888

9,506

.314 | 482,193 218,156

711 37,708 8,059 4,740 1,157,416 74,861

4,529 1,360

1,787 75,596 17,565

102

3,746

1,224

17

783

136

119

4,529

1,360

67,489

19,898 10,189,730 557,054 | 285,645

1,026 37,888 9,506 21,122 17,750,139 904,001 | 497,955

711

37,708

4,982 | 1,678,428

8,059

91,083 | 118,055

1,737 75,596 17,565 26,104 19,428,567 995,084 616,010

840 | 496,524 | 218,156

6,216 1,239,489 91,952

67,489

22,843 10,329,329 588,476 285,645

22,591 17,807,665918,332 | 497,955

6.458 1,760,501 | 108,174 | 118,055

29,049 19,568,166 1,026,506 616,010

יין

>

Names of Ports.

Aberdeen.

Cheung Chau,

Saikung,..

Shaukiwan,

Stanley,

Tai 0,

Yaumati,

Victoria,.

D 22

Table IV.-TOTÁL NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS CLEARED at EACH PORT in the C

BRITISH.

FOREIGN.

WITH CARGO"

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGO.

IN BALLAST.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels. Tons.

Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels.

Tons,

Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels.

T

24

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1,056 236

138

5,309 1,516

162

77

5,438

1,058

74

4,324

909

151

18

458

108

26

708

210

44

220

:

:

8,846

2,173

510

2

94

26

:

:

:

102

3,746

1,224

:

...

:..

33,241|

6,261

730

2

:

17

783

136

:.

:

119

1,026

9,506

5,9648,717,825 421,808 279,799

242 | 521,012

16.222

50,566 6,206 | 9,238,837 | 438,030 | 350,365

37,888 37,708 8,059 15,158 9,032,314 | 482,193 | 218,156 4,740 1,157,416) 74,861

711

1,737

67,489

19,898 10,1

Total,

5,964 8,717,825 421,808 | 279,799

242 | 521,012

16,222

50,566

6,206 | 9,238,837 138,030 | 330,365

16,627 9,089,840 | 496,524218,156 6,216 1,239,489 91,952

67,489

22,843 10,

1

Table VII.

#

Total Number, Tonnage, Crows, Passengers, and Cargoes of Junks ENTERED in the Colony of Hongkong, from Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1924.

CARGO,

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crew.

Passen- Cargo,

gers. Tons.

Ves.

sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen-

gers,

Vessels. Tons.

Crew.

Passen-

gers.

Cargo,

Tons.

Canton,..

761

West River.

5,788

Macao,

206

163,758 16,161

659,248 | 107,304 |116,814

35,389 2,305

***

East Coast,

2,031

134,570 18,907

West Coast,

123

10,157 1,815

105.813 648,160,512 12,100 308,552 3,224 | 386,024 54,408 15,844 667 81,523 10,959 94,386 171 9,070 1,793 2,789 42 3,955

1,409

324,270

28,261

105,813

9,012 1,045,272 | 161,712 | 116,814

308,552

873 116,912 13,264

15,844

2,202 143,640

20,700

94,386

672

165

14,112 2,487

Total, 1924,.

8,909 1,003,122 146,492 116,814

527,384 4,752 641,084 79,932

:

:

2,789

13,661 | 1,644,206 | 226,424 116,814

527,384

Total, 1923,

8,082

746,342 117,977 107,678

451,515 |4,152 | 550,911 66,328 4,401 12,234 1,297,253 184,305 112,079

451,515

D 25

Table VIII.

Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers, and Cargoes of Junks CLEARED in the Colony of Hongkong, for Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1924.

Cargo.

Ballast.

Total.

Passen-

Vessels.

Tons.

Crew.

gers.

Cargo,

tons.

Ves-

sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen-Vessels. Tons.

Crew.

Passen-

gers.

Cargo,

tons.

gers.

Canton,

1,744

358,253

33,893

346,276

13

1,784

West River,

7,571

917,336 141,879 | 104,679

683.1121.418 127,770

200

18.114

1,757

360,037

34,093

316,276

8,989 1,045,106 159,993 104,679

685,112

Macao,

641

85,797 9,671

East Coast,..

1,668

76,786 14,799 260

West Coast,

129

13.824 1,843

73,310 17 5,809 36,213 600 66,290 6,593 7,503 33

697

688

91,600 10,368

73,340

2.268

143,070 21,392

260

36,213

973

216

162

14,797 2,061

7,503

Total 1924,

11,753 | 1,451,996 202.087

104,939

1,148,444 2.111 | 202.626

25,820

13.864 1,654,622 | 227,907 104,939 1.148,444

Total 1923.

9,720

1,126,748 | 157,507

91,791

847,442 2,599 195,003

81,358

5,306

12,319 | 1,321,751 188,865

97,097

847.442

D 26

FOREIGN TRADE.

D 27

Table IX.

Summary of Arrivals and Departures of all Vessels.

1923.

1924.

No. of VESSELS.

TONS.

CREW.

No. of VESSELS.

Toxs.

CREW.

British Ships entered with Cargo

Do.

do. in Ballast,

5,485 212

8,085,666

370,967

316,316

16,237

5,970

241

8,870,844

402,456

259,732

13,699

Total,

5,697

8,401,982

387,204

6,211

9,130,576

416,155

British Ships cleared with Cargo,

5,453

8,030,822

372,161

5,964

8,717,825

421,808

Do.

do. in Ballast,

247

487,687

16,677

242

521,012

16,222

Total,

5,700

8,518,509

389,838

6,206

9,238,837

438.030

Foreign Ships entered with Cargo,

3,913

7,288,728

278,583

4,486

7,803,158

267,085

Do.

do.

in Ballast,

662

442,214

25,833

502

509,678

22,032

Total,

4,575

7,730,942

304,416

4,988

8,311.836

289,117

Foreign Ships cleared with Cargo,

3,897

7,727,372

278,599

4,371

7,622,074

288,870

Do.

do. in Ballast,

Total,

667

807,333

26,509

633

936,515

28,359

4,564

8,534,705

305,108

5,001

8,559,589

317,229

do.

Steamships under 60 tons entered with Cargo,....

Do.

921

27,046

10,463

1,634

43,551

17,092

do.

in Ballast,

Total,

1,483

44,048

16,118

2,222

72,164

26,071

2,404

71,094

26,581

3,856

115,715

43,163

Steamships under 60 tons cleared with Cargo, ...

426

13,643

5,333

503

15,770

5,567

Do.

do.

do.

in Ballast,.

1,981

57,655

21,102

3,172

100,348

37,773

Total,

2,407

71,298

26,435

3,975

116,118

43,340

Junks entered with Cargo, Do. do. in Ballast,

8,082

746,342

117,977

8,909

1,003,122

146,492

4,152

550,911

66,328

4,752

611,084

79,932

Total,

12,234

¡1,297,253

184,305

13,661

1,644,206

226,424

Junks cleared with Cargo,

Do. do. in Ballast,

9,720 1,126,748 2,599

157,507

11,758

1,451,996

202,087

195,003

31,358

2,111

202,626

25,820

Total,

12,319

1,321,751

188,865 13,864

1,654,622

227,907

Total of all Vessels entered,

Total of all Vessels cleared,

24,910 24,990

17,503,271 18,446,263

902,506 28,716 910,246 29,049

19,202,333

974,459

19,568,166

1,026,506

Total of all Vessels entered and cleared, in Į

Foreign Trade,

}

49,900

35,949,534 1,812,752

57,765

38,770,499

2,000,965

LOCAL TRADE.

Total Junks entered,

3,759

173,365

30,192

6,206

368,494

69,141

Do.

cleared,

3,885

178,085

31,429

6,559

315,079

73,710

Total Local Trade entered and cleared,

7,644

351,450

61,621

12,765

633,573

142,851

Total Foreign Trade entered and cleared, Total Local Trade entered and cleared,

Grand Total,

49.900 7,644

57,544

35,949,534 351,450

36,300,981

1,812,752 61,621

1,874,373

57.765

38,770,499

2,000,965

12,765

683,573

142,851

70,530

39,454,072

2,143,816

PLACES.

Table X.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Entered in the Colony of Hongkong during the year 1924.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crew.

Passengers.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crew.

Passengers.

Cargo,

Tons.

Within the Waters of the Colony, 1923,

260,317

5,077,101 |

2,593,507

Do.,

1924,

242,533 | 4,696,217 | 2,414,696

92,425 | 3,461,572 : 1,021,705 7,582,458 96,842

7,343

3,615,156 |1,030,467 7,198,009

6,697

Outside the Waters of the Colony

Canton,....

West River,

Macao,

East Coast,

Other places,

Total,.

30 485 415

266 7,681 3,435

65 1,561 566

59 1,908 590

1,802 60,529 21,065

2,222 72,164 26,071

:

:

:

:

...

:

TOTAL.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crew.

Passengers.

Cargo,

Tons.

352,772 8,538,673 | 3,615,272 | 7,582,358 | 339,375 | 8,311,403 | 3,445,163 | 7,193,009

7,343

6,€97

75 2,054

924

40 1,394

510

9

105 2,539 1,339

:

:

306

:

9,075 3,945

9

:

63 1,531

617

195 5,609 2,000

1,261 32,963 13,041

128

6,092 1,183

3

:

323

:.

254 7,517 2,590

|

3,063 93,492 34,106

32

| 1,634 43,551 17,092

41

3 3,856 115,715 43,163

41

ོ།+

3

- D 28

Table XI.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Cleared in the Colony of Hongkong during the year 1924.

D 29

PLACES.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

TOTAL.

Vessels.

Ton-

nage.

Crew.

Bunker Vessels. Coal.

Do.,

Within the Waters of the Colony 1923, 1924,

260,177 5,071,852 2,592,210 242,884 | 4,691,789|2,413,527

37,269

Ton-

nage,

92,595 | 3,466,821 | 1,023,062 | 7,556,177 96,991 | 3,619,614 1,031,636 7,539,213

Crew.

Passen- Bunker Cargo, Vessels. gers. Coal. Tons.

Ton-

nage.

Crew. Passen-

gers.

Cargo | Bunker Tons. Coal.

26,243

5,176 352,772 8,538,673 | 3,615,272 | 7,556,177 4,603 339,3758,311,403 | 3,445,163 | 7,539,213 4,603 63,512

5,176

58,654

· Outside the Waters of the Colony :-

Canton,.....

West River,.....

Macao,

32 492 410 152 277 7,962 3,540 | 4,456 92 2,084.846 449

89 2,342 1,075

413

266

121 2,834 1,485

33 1,096

454

102

478

310 9,058 3,994

:

565

4,558

32 953

296

135

17 124 3,037 1,142

584

...

East Coast,

Other places,

Total,

181 5,187 1,810 1,067 2,890 84,623 31,167 9,600 3,472 100,348 37,773 15,724 15,724

75 2,420

274 8,959 2,939

803

864

:

256| 7,607| 2,613

4

1,931

38 1,278

...

3,164 93,582 34,106

38

888

...

10,878

503 15,770 5,567

51| 2,792 761|| 3,975|116,118 43,340 51

...

|18,516

Table XII.

Number of Boats Licences, Permits, etc., issued and Fees collected during the year 1924.

(Under Table U, Section 40, of Ordinance No. 10 of 1899.)

DESCRIPTION.

LICENCE.

LICENCE DUPLICATE BOAT RE- BOOKS. LICENCE.

PAINTING

SPECIAL

PERMITS.

FEES.

- D

30

Licence Book, $1.00 each,

Boat Repainting, .25

""

3,690

:

Special Permit, .25

Passenger Boat, Classes A & B,

2,829

Lighter, Cargo and Water Boats,

2,255

::

:

:

Other Boats,

11,610

:

:

:

:.

:

:

...

$ 3,690.00

3,453

:

:

:

Fisir Drying Hulks,

76

Duplicate Licence,

9

...

863.25

3,233

808.25

15,148.70

57,980.95

...

39,048.15

628,00

9.00

TOTAL,

16,770

3,690

9

3,453

3,233 $118,176.30

D 31

Table XIII.

Comparative Statement of Revenue collected in the Harbour Department during the years 1923 and 1924.

Sub-head of Revenue.

Amount 1923.

Amount 1924.

1. Light Dues, Ordinance 10 of 1899,

Special Assessment, Ord. 10 of 1899,

2. Licences, Internal Revenue not otherwise

specified :-

$ C. $ C.

137,455.61 150,689.01

151,097.65| 165,639.40

Boat Licences, Ordinance 10 of 1899, ... 111,599.90 118,176.30 Chinese Passenger Ship Licences, Or-

dinance 1 of 1889,

Fines,

1,485.00 1,680.00

5,684.50

6,684.89

Forfeitures,

Fishing Stake and Station Licences,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,....

50.00

177.00

46.00

32.20

Fishing Stake and Station Licences, do.,

from the New Territories,

1,125.00

1,130.20

Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899,

45,067.00

47,024.75

Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899,

from the New Territories,

10,616.75

10,974.00

Pilots Licences, Ordinance 3 of 1904, Steam-launch Licences, &c., Ordinance

150.00

115.00

11,055.75|| 12,692.00

10 of 1899,

3. Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes, and Reimbursements- in-Aid:

Engagement and Discharge of Seamen,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,................. Engagement of Masters and Engineers of Steam-launches, Ord. 10 of 1899, Examination of Masters, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

Fees for use of Government Buoys,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,.............. Gunpowder, Storage Ord. 10 of 1899, Medical Examination of Emigrants, Ord.

1 of 1889,......

Official Signatures, Ordinance 1 of 1889, Printed Forms, Sale of, Ord. 1 of 1889,... Registry Fees (Merchant Shipping Act),

Ordinance 10 of 1899,... Steam-launches, Surveyor's Certificates,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,.......................... Survey of Steamships, Ordinance 10 of

1899........

Sunday Cargo Working Permits, Ord.

1 of 1891,

4. Miscellaneous Receipts :-

Sale of condemned stores,

Sale of Wreck of S.S. "Loongsang Interest,

33

41,665.20 40,697.20

4,387.50

328.00

454.50

4,395.00

99,587.06 | 102,280.22 9,717.74 9,598.85

#86,750.50 †96,315.60

7,200.00

1,372.75

2,814.00

3,374.00

10,080.00 11,860.00

4,896.00 756.50

45,304.34 41,803.34

138,500.00 163,025.00

151.00 2,000.00

51.77

...

59.78

Total,$925,643.02 997,530.74

* † See next page.

|

Revenue collected by.

Harbour Department,...... $ 86,750.50

D 32

* Statement of Emigration Fees, 1923 :

Expenditure incurred by.

$ 4,200.00 (Estimated.)

Office of Secretary for

Chinese Affairs,

8,765.00

4,074.80

Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health,

Medical Department,......

14,952.00

18,927.12

$110,467.50

$ 27,201.92

Net Revenue...$ 83,265.58

*

† Statement of Emigration Fees, 1924:-

Revenue collected by.

Expenditure

Harbour Department,..... Office of Secretary for

Chinese Affairs,

Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health, Medical Department,.....

incurred by.

$ 96,315.60

$

5,000.00 (Estimated.)

10,975.00

15,156.00

3,892.00

24,138.88

$122,446.60

$ 33,030.88

Net Revenue........................ $ 89,415.72

Table XIV.

Summary of Chinese Emigrants from Hougkong to Ports other than in China, during the year 1924.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

Children.

GRAND TOTAL.

PORTS.

Adults

Children.

Adults

Adults.

Children.

:

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

17.

M.

F.

M.

F.

- D 33

Australia,..

1,878

31

1,910

183

13

196 2,061

14

31

2.106

Africa (South)........

18

2

20

69

28

...

British N. Borneo,

2,071

374 147

97 2,689

:

Calcutta,

1,068

123

65

35

1,291

16

B

Canada,

7,1:9

1

72

7,192

495

16

Delagoa Bay,

2

2

17

12

Dutch Indies,

853

853

8.709

1,033

Fiji,

22

1

23

Honolulu,

8,264

1,190

Japan,

8

8

390

64

...

Mauritius,

$96 154

138

8 1,196

Mexico,

186

Ď

Nauru Island,

475

...

...

Panama,

559

10

South America,

619 122

...

Straits Settlements,..

Sumatra (Belawan Deli), Tahiti,

|37,136 11,669 | 4,634 1,185 135

69

1,877 55,316 14.462 3,399 1.819 40 1,429 | 3,398 305

ཀཽ 1:|:ཀཽ 1:|:ཀཽ 1:¿ེ འདིཝཾ

128

87

28

33

148

7❘ 2,078

374

147

97

2,696

19 1,084

126

65

35

1,310

6

543 7,614

17

98

7,735

29

19

12

31

170 10,567 9,562 1,033

254 9,982 8,264¦ 1,190

655

170

11,420

22

1

23

274

254

9,982

16

488

398

64

18

16

496

896 154

138

8

1.196

201

186

10

201

475

475

475

1

589

559

10

19

589

57

874

619 122

76

57

874

686 20,366 51,598 |15,068 | 6,453 | 2,563 79 3,917 4,583 440

75,682

204 119

5,346

United States of America,

126

190

10

2

2

140

:

FP

:

220

190 8,392

342

221

14

220 346 8,999 8,582

10

342

2

360

221

44

9,189

2,059 72.259 46,461 | 6,542 3,281 1,313 57,600 99,033 ₤19,009 | 8,445| 3,372|129,859 46,819 9,744 4,495 1,621 62,679 45,809 6,787 | 3,661 1 288 57,545|92,628|16,531 8,156 2,909 120,224

Total 1924,

52,572 12,467 | 5,161

Total 1923,

Total Passengers by British Ships,

Total Passengers by Foreign Ships,.

52,572 12,467 5,161 |46,461 | 6,542 | 3,284

2,059 | 72,259 1,813 57,600

Excess of Passengers by British Ships,.

6,111 | 5,925 1,877

748 14,659

i

Table XV.

Statement of Average Number of Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1885 to 1920 inclusive.

1885.

63,138

1890.

66,706

1895.

60,360

1900.

66,961

1905.

1910.

73,105

88,452

1915.

109,110

1920.

84,602

Table XVI.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, for Ten Years, from 1915 to 1924 inclusive.

- D 34 -

Whither bound.

1915,

1916.

1917.

1918.

1919.

1921.

1920.

1922,

1923.

1924.

Straits Settlements, Males,

Straits Settlements, Females,

53,250 5,914

32,440 66,965

2,105

8,838 15,832 10,012

7,421

30,330

67,032

39,616

52,011| 58,051

4,214 / 13,605

20,292

10,740

13,573 17,631

Total,

41,278

63,292 82,797

8,019

11,638

43,935

87,324

50,356

€5,584 75,682

Other Ports, Males,

25,811

33,182 31,078

34,096

46,044

59,128

64,293

44,109

48,773| 49,427

Other Ports, Females,

1,186 1,674

1,928

1,715

2,287 2,195

4,394

3,928

5,867 4,750

Total,

26,997

34,856 | 33,006

35,811

48.331

61,323

68,687

48,037

54,640| 54,177

Grand Total,

68,275 | 117,653

96,298

43,830

59,969 | 105,258 |156,011

98,393 | 120,221| 129,859

Table XVII.

Summary of Chinese Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, during the year 1924.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

GRAND TOTAL.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

PORTS.

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

F.

M. F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

- D 35 -

Australia,

1,937

118

Bangkok,

200

20

British N. Borneo,

359

61

Canada,

5,355

222

Continent of Europe,

Dutch Indies,

Honolulu,

ཎྜཚ:::

130

54

2,239

175

13

12

206

2,112

131

142

60

2,445

240

371

119

83

47

620

571

139

97

53

860

91

34

545

472

25

20

13

530

831

86

111

47

1.075

215

79

5,901

1,050

76

65

29

1,220

6.105

293

310

108

7,121

21

3

12.855

1,112 | 1,329

480

1,146

112

138

Japan,

Mauritius,

2,393

198

212

79

2,882

4,379

290

317

တင်

65

8

4

79

8:8;

28

24

3

1

28

15,776

12,855

1,112

1,329

480

15,776

42

1,438

1,146

112

138

42

1.438

95

5,111

6,772

488

559

174

7,993

65

8

4

2

79

...

Nauru Island...

410

410

410

410

:

South America,

360

6

3

4

378

360

6

8

4

378

Straits Settlements,

45,453

5,556 | 3,713 | 1,699

56,421

14,688

1,404 | 1,193

557

17,842

60,141

6,960

4,906 | 2,256

74.263

Sumatra (Belawan Deli),

10,806

731 664

294

12.495

10,806

731

664 294

12,495

United States of America,

...

1,747

353

564 169

5,833

4,747

353 564 169

5,833

...

Total 1924,

55,762

6,183 | 4,409 | 1,953

68,307

51,483

4,244 | 4,424 | 1,736

61,887 107,245

10,427

8,833 3,689130,194

Total 1923,

50,259

4,8537,852 | 2,236

65,200

46,322

3,318 | 4,747 | 1,521

55,902

96,581

8,171 12,593 3,757 |121,102

Total Passengers by British Ships,

55,762

6,183 4,409 | 1,953 68,307

19

}}

Foreign

51,483

4,244 4,424 1,736 61,887

17

Excess of

British

4,279

1,930

217

*

6,420

}}

*

11

;)

}}

Foreigh

15

Table XVIII.

Statement of Average Number of Emigrants Returnel to Hongkong from Ports other than in China. for Quinquennial Periods from 1885 to 1920 inclusive.

1885. 1890. 68,830 96,068

1895. 1900. 1905, 104,118 109,534 137,814

1910. 1915. 1920. 146,585 151,728 100,641

Table XIX.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, for Ten Years, from 1915 to 1924 inclusive.

D 36

Where from.

1915.

1916. 1917.

1918. 1919. 1920. 1921. 1922. 1923.

1924.

Straits Settlements, Males, Straits Settlements, Females,

Total,.

Other Ports, Males,..

Other Ports, Females,

Total,

28,922

Grand Total,

109,753

79,319 46,454 65,539 36,662 60,812 1,482 1,201 6,896 2,534 2,871 80,831 47,655 72,435 39,196 63,683 27,952 23,933 969 817

24,750 25,797

72,405 98,232

68,316 91,203 74,691 58,800

65,047

4,610 9,490

72,926 | 100,693

10,950 7,186

9,216

85,644

65,986

74,263

23,827 32,014 70,070 46,776 52,429 52,596 50,374 1,970 2,899 2,267 2,736 5,942 5,307 4,742

51,031

4,900

31,913 72,337 49,512 58,371 57,903

55,116

55,931

74,109 | 136,020 |122,438 |159,064 | 143,547 | 121,102 | 130,194

1

Tabe XX.

Return of Vessels Registered at the Port of Hongkong during the year 1924.

Official

Name of Vessel.

Number.

Registered

Tonnage.

Horse

Rig.

Build.

Where and

when built.

Power.

Remarks.

1. Poshan

153,501

32

16.8 N.H.P.

None

Carvel

Canton, ....1912

Formerly Chinese flag as

Poshan”

2. Hang Cheong

153,502

666

68.8

Clincher

,

3. Koon Tai

153,503

19

11

Carvel

Hongkong, 1923 Canton,

First Registry.

.1918

4. Gorjistan

104,851

2.916

500

Schooner

Clincher

Low Walker... 1893

Formerly Chinese flag as "Koon Tai“ Transferred from Glasgow.

On Tyne

5. Cheung Hing

153,504

52

95

None

Carvel

Canton,

,

6. Chung Ah

153,505

26

16.6

.1920 Formerly Chinese flag as Re-constructed in 1923

46

Cheung Hing'

""

"

"}

7. Paul Bean

153,506

1,054

118

Clincher Cie Francaise...1903

as "Chung dh' as "Ming Shun

72

"}

"1

de Nav. Nantes

8. Briar Leaf.

153.507

40

20

9. Kwong Fook

153,508

23

10.8

10. Mun Chuk...

153,509

20

10.8

Carvel

Clincher

Carvel

Canton,

.1916

.1916

+3

·,

1915

""

11. Kin Lee......

153.510

57 8.55

1923

""

"}

"

First Registry.

12. Fung Ming

153,511

54

24.2

1923

"

"

13. Wing Ning

153,512

40

11

1918

"}

14. Wo Lung

153,513

31

19.4

Hongkong,

1913

31

15. Silver River

153 514

18

10.9

Canton,

1923

First Registry.

77

16. Cedar Leaf

153,515

35

20

"

·,

1923

17. Hip Woh

153,516

56

20

1923

18. Tai Tung Wo

153,517

59

28.8

Wuchow

1921

19. Kuala Lumpur..

153.518

46

19

1921

་་

20, Wan Fat

153,519

19

10.6

"

Hongkong.

1898

"1

"}

21. Elm Leaf

153,520

31

20

Canton.

1914

.་

22. Siking

153.521

B5

16.6

1916

}}

as "Ah Tung'

as Kwong Fook as "Mun Chuk

Formerly Chinese flag as "Tai Chung

11

6.

Formerly Chinese flag as " Kee Tai" First Registry.

"

"

Formerly Chinese flag as "Tsuin Chow

as "Sai On

as "Wan Fat" as "Elm Leaf”

44

as Siking

19

"}

as Wo Lung

19

זי

23. Sun Shan

153.522

27

13.6

1919

as "Sun Shan"

11

"

24. Silver Eagle

153,523

45

20

1923 First Registry.

*,

25. Tak Shun

153,524

1

20 B.II.P.

1922

ז,

D 37 -

Name of Vessel.

Official

Number.

Tabe XX.-Continued.

Return of Vessels Registered at the Port of Hongkong during the year 1924.

Registered

Tonnage

Horse

Rig.

Build.

Where and when built.

Power.

Remarks.

26. Tak Choy 27. Tak Chnen

153,525

18 B.H.P.

None

Carvel

Canton,

1923

153,526

14

1923

"}

"}

"

"}

Formerly Chinese flag as "Tak Choy First Registry.

"

28. Tak Fat..

153,527

12

11

"

""

99

29. Tak Yuen

153,528

8

.1923

.1923

|

Formerly Chinese flag as

Tak Fat"

"3

"3

30. Charles Hardouin

153.529

1,054

118 N.H.P.

་་

31. Holly Leaf

153,530

28

13.9

Carvel

"y

32. Ki On

153,531

26

13.5

**

33. Sin Tai Tsat

153,532

155

32

1923

1923

1924

First Registry.

34. Sin Tai Pat

153.533

155

"

да

35. Ivy Leaf

153,534

48

22 N.H.P.

Carvel

Canton,

36. Havana. 37. Lee Nam 38. Borneo

39. Tai Wol

153,535

53

22

1919

"

"

ད་

158.536

24

15.8

་་

153,537 1,297

167

153,538

59

44

Sebooner

None

Clincher

Carvel

40. Hok Shan

153,539

29

17

1913

"

"}

**

Clincher Cie Francaise.. 1903 de Nav. Nantes Canton,

Clincher Hongkong,

Germany.

Canton.

.1924

Formerly Chinese flag as "Wei Shun **

Formerly Chinese flag as "Lo Chow" as "Ki On"

1918 Formerly Chinese flag as "Ivy Leaf"

1914

as Lee Nam

1902 Formerly American flag as "Nipsic" ex Borneo ..1922 | Formerly Chinese flag as "Tung Wo

•1

as "Hok Shan "

First Registry.

"

as

"Yuet Wo"

"

1

41. Wing Tung

153,540

24

13.8

.1924

"}

First Registry.

12. Rooster

153,541

33

17

1924

"

11

43. Chung Fu..................

153,542!

28

18.6

1924

.

:

44. Hai Ning

153.543

832

556

#

45. Ray

153,541

14

8.4

46. Lien Shing

153,545

1,462

329.48

47. Redoubtable.

153.546

22

10

Schooner Clincher America None Carvel Canton, Schooner Clincher Hongkong, None Carvel Canton,

1921

48. Radio..

158,547

21

12.3

"}

"

49. Hok Yuen..

153,518

21

24

35

11

!!

Hongkong,

**

1896 Formerly United States Naval steamer"Repose” 1924 | First Registry.

1922 | Formerly Chinese flag as "Redoubtable" 1923

11

1923 First Registry.

as

#Radio

50. Lama

121.210

957

450

>>

91. Minena

153,549

9

24

Fore & Aft

Schooner

Yawl

Clinker Dumbarton Carvel Hongkong,

..1905

Transferred from Glasgow,

1024

First Registry.

D 38

Table XX,-Cantinued.

Return of Vessels Registered at the Port of Hongkong during the year 1924.

Official

Name of Vessel.

Number.

Registered

Tonnage.

Horse

Power.

Rig.

Build.

Where and when built.

Remarks.

52. Henri

153,550

28

450 N.H.P.

None

Carvel

Canton,

..1924

Formerly unregistered British Launch as "Hazelton'

53. Gembrook

153,551

32

1.5

""

""

"

1922

54. Rentes

153,552

21

16.8

Clincher

Hongkong,

1920

Formerly Chinese flag as "Tuen Chow" as "Hing Wan

1

55. Rosebud..

153,553

41

21.3

Carvel

Canton,

.1924 | First Registry.

""

>>

56. Kowloon 57. Loksun 58. Shun Lee 59. Radiance 60. Tung On 61. Taikoo Hee

153,554

38

28

Clincher

Hongkong,

.1924

}}

153,555 1,045

18.15

Schooner

Bremerhaven

}}

153,556

45

24

Carvel

Hongkong,

11

"}

153,557

23

127

None

Canton,

.1924

153,558 1,194

21.6

>>

Clincher | Hongkong,

1924

128,689 11

31

>>

11

1909

62. Nairung.

102,051 2,898

154

Schooner

"}

63. On Ping.

153,559

57

8

Belfast,

Manila,.

""

159

1914

"}

64. Sai Ning.

153,560

164

365

None Carvel

""

65. Setubal

153,561

28

22

}}

"}

66. Poseidon

153,562 53

41.6

Clincher

(Reconstructed) Hongkong, 1909 Canton,

Hongkong,

53

""

67. Sai On

153,563 1,194

154

1923

1924

1924

1902 Formerly American flag as "Commercial Seout” 1924 First Registry.

Registry anew in consequence of alteration in ! her means of propulsion.

1892 Transferred from Bombay.

ད་

Formerly under flag of Republic of Nicaragua as "On Ping" ex "Paris' Formerly Chinese flag as "Kwong Yick Formerly Portuguese flag as "Setubal' First Registry.

>>

33

33

་,

68. Lee Hung

153,564

22

135

Carvel

"1

>>

15

1913 Formerly Chinese flag as

Lee Hung'

69. Ying Ying

153,565

16

13.8

""

"1

70. Fook On..

153,566

560

84.1

Clincher

11

>>

Canton,

Hongkong,

.1924 First Registry.

.1924

>>

71. Paak Wan Shaan

153,567

50

2 @ 50

100

1924

.""

"}

"}

72. Ngar Yeu

153,568

31

13.5 N.H.P.

Carvel

""

73. Chi On

152,427

44

13.5

"}

Canton,

Hongkong,

.1924

74. Taikoo Hang.

153,569

6

16.6

Clincher

"}

}}

75. Lee Sang

150,118

972

163

Schooner

}}

76. Lok Sang

99,028

979

150

י,

77. Loongwo 78. Mausang

120,989 2,386 600

151,423 2,063 231

"

Nono

Schooner

""

In & Out

Clincher

31

Lubeck.

1903 Formely Chinese flag as "Chi On" 1924 | First Registry.

1907 Transferred from London.

Govan (Lanark) 1891 Hongkong, 1906 Shanghai, 1920

"}

33

}}

""

1

D 39

Table XX,--Continued.

Return of Vessels Registered at the Port of Hongkong during the year 1924.

Official

Name of Vessel.

Number.

Registered

Tonnage.

Horse

Rig.

Build,

Power.

Where and when built,

Remarks.

79. Ming Sang.

150,114

969

162 N.H,P.

Schooner

In & Out | Lubeck,

1906 Transferred from London,

80, Nam Sang

115,794 2,591 450

>>

81. Sui Sang.

152,437 1,983 272

""

82. Sul Wo

105,883

1,931

250

Fore & Aft

Schooner

33

Smack

Clincher Govan(Glasgow)1902

"}

Hongkong, 1923

"

Govan(Glasgow 1896

83. Tak Sang

99,041 977

150

Schooner

Govan,

1892

"1

Fore & Aft

84. Ting Sang 85. Tuck Wo

146,517 1,232 118,410

198

Schooner

1921

""

2,355

350

"

Light Signal

Mast.

1901

86. Tung Shing

118,263

1,173 200

Schooner

"

Newcastle-onTyne,

1903

87. Wai Shing.

88. Wo Sang

89. Yat Shing

118,378

118,278 1,170 200 98,986 1,127 175 1,424

1903

>>

་་

"}

"

"

Govan (Lanark) 1891

"

200

Newcastle-on-Tyne,

1904

90. Yuen Sang. 91, Yu Sang. 92. Cheong Shing

152,444 1,983

272

"

""

"

Hongkong,

1923

,

132,659 1,122 260 120,648

""

Sunderland,.

1912

>>

1,256

211

A

| Newcastle-on-Tyne,

1905

93. Chang Wo.

72,824 696

80

35

94. Chak Sang.

139,575 1,470

200

}}

95. Chip Shing

120,660 1,199

215

}}

96. Chun Sang,

105,804 1,406

270

??

None

Schooner

Fore & Aft

Schooner

99

97. E. Sang

98,967 1,127

175

"}

"

98. Fausang

146,179

1,232

198

"}

"

99. Fook Sang.

120,586

1,987 330

""

ད་

100, Foo Shing

118,365

1,423

200

Shanghai, Hongkong, .1917

Aberdeen.. .1906 Middlesborough, 1896 Govan(Glasgow)1891 Port Glasgow,...1921 Nowcastle-on-Tyne,

1905

1903

1891

""

""

71

"

Fore & Aft

- D 40 --

Table XX.-Continued.

Return of Vessels Registered at the Port of Hongkong during the year 1924.

Name of Vessel.

Official

Number.

Registered

Tonnage.

Horse

Power.

Rig.

Build.

Where and

when built.

Remarks.

101. Hang Sang.

114,779

1,356

225 N.II.P.

102. Hin Sang

119,875 1,885 220

>>

Schooner

>>

Clincher Govan,

,1901 Transferred from London.

,,

West Hartlepool,1905

"

Fore & Aft

103. Hop Sang 104. Hosang

114,748

1,359

146,539 3,293

225

Schooner

""

"

Govan,

,1901

"}

460

For signall-

""

Londonderry, ...1922

ing purposes

only

105. Kiang Wo!.

72,909 1,388

200

None

11

""

Pootung in Shanghai,

106. King Sing

105,771

1,223

300

Schooner

13

>>

Aberdeen,

107. Kut Wo

105,741 1,924

250

None

>>

>>

108. Kutsang

146,223 3,643

710

Schooner

""

""

1901

.1895

Govan(Glasgow) 1895

Wallsend-on-Tyne,

""

109. Kwai Sang..

139,569

1,435

200 "J

"

110. Kwong Sang

115,883 1,428

200

Fore & Aft

Schooner

"

33

1922

Hongkong, .1917

Newcastle-on-Tyne,

1902

111. Lai Sang......

112,829

2,225

400

31

33

112. Derwent...

81,603 1,562

308

99

"

113. Sai Shaan

153,570

23

2 @ 84 = 168

None

114. Perla

153,571

4

36.5 N.H.P.

Carvel

Clincher

1924

""

55

115. Rubi

153,572

6

16.6

.1924

"}

19

116. San Nicolau

153,573

14 18.6

""

"}

117. San Jorge

153,574

13.

16.8

"}

Carvel

""

"

Canton,

118. Ming Ming.

153,575

51

15,75

"}

"

119, Yau Lee......

153,576

21

9.4

"

}}

.1924

First Registry.

"

Hongkong,

120. Golden Star

153,577

59

68

121. Meridian Star

153,578

59

68

888888888

}}

==

Clincher

"

Govan(Glasgow)1901

Sunderland, 1879 Formerly Chinese flag as "Derwent Hongkong, .1924 | First Registry.

1920 Formerly Portuguese flag as

.1924

"San Nicolau

as "San Jorge".

"

1911 First Registry formerly unregistered British

Vessel,

..1924 First Registry.

33

.1924

- D 41 -

Table XXI.

Return of Registers of Vessels Cancelled at the Port of Hongkong during the year 1924.

Name of Vessel.

Official

Number.!

Registered

Tonnage.

Date of

Registry.

Rig.

Build.

Where and when built,

Reason of Cancellation.

1. Nile,

102,804

3,136

14.

2.12

Schooner

2. Yuen Sang,

152,444

1,983

28. 11. 23

}}

3. Sui Sang,..

152,437

1,983

22.10.23

19

Clincher Clyde Bank, Dumbarton, Hongkong,...

4. Grace Dollar,

142,702

4,040

30. 9.22

5. Yan On,

152,426

24

18. 8.23

6. Oneka,

118,290

3.344

26. 4.17

7. Ying Wali,

152,447

240

12. 12. 23

Sloop

None

Schooner

Nonc

Carvel

Clincher

Belfast,

Hongkong,

Port Glasgow,

8. Heung Shan.

95,855

957

7. 7.90

Hongkong,

9. Frangestan,..

144,619

5,257

18. 7.22

Schooner

Leith,

10. Mascouoma,

115,230

2,965

26. 4.17

Yarrow,.

11. Dredge,

128,712

61

21, 12, 11

None

19

12. Henri,

153,550

28

16. 6.24

Carvel

13. Kasara,

97,616

505

10. 6.24

Schooner

Clincher

Canton,

14. Virginia Dollar,..

118,002

6,222

15. Taikoo Hec,

128,689

11

5.23

1. 6.10

17

Broom Ayrshire,

None

Belfast,

"}

16. Massasoit,

115,304 2,929

26. 4.17

17. Chi On,

152,427

44 25. 8.23

18. Helikon,

139,573

1,385

28. 9.17

19. Hangly,

152,434

28

27. 9.23

Schooner

Nonc

Schooner

None

19

Hongkong,

Carvel

Clincher

Elswick on Tyne,

Hongkong,

Carvel

Yarrow,

20. Radio,

153,547

21

30, 5.21

Canton,

,,

21. Tai Wayfoong,

93,210

3,085 | 22, 10, 23

Schooner

Clincher

19

.1893 Sold to Foreigner (American Subject). .1923 | Registry Transferred to London. 1923

1900

.1918 Sold to foreigner (Japanese Subject). Sold to foreigner (Chinese Subject). Sold to foreigner (Japanese Suject). Sold to foreigner (Chinese Subject).

1903

1923

1890

1898

...1901

Low Walker on Tyne, 1904 Shanghai, .1924

1890

12

Abandoned at sea on account of fire and subsequently sunk by gunfire. Sold to foreigner (German Subject). Sold to foreigner (Chinese Subject).

1903 Sold to foreigner (Italian Subject). .1909 Registered anew for alteration in her means o' propulsion.

1902

1903

Sold to foreigner (German Subject). Sold to foreigner (Chinese Subject). 1917 Sold to foreigner (Norwegian Subject). 1920 Sold to foreigner (Sp mish Subject).

1923 1888, Sold to foreigner (Japanese Subject).

- D 42 -

{

Name of Vessel.

Official

Number,

Table XXI-Continued.

Return of Vessels Cancelled at the Port of Hongkong during the year 1924.

Registered

Tonnage.

Date of

Registry.

Rig.

Build.

Where and when built.

Reason of Cancellation.

22. Kin Yuet,

152,450

17

22.12 23

Noue

Carvel

23. Holly Leaf,.

153,530

28

18. 3.24

งา

**

Greenock,

Canton,

1923

1923

24. Ki On,

153,531

26

18. 3.21

1923

">

}}

++

25. Cedar Leaf,

153,ătă

35

20. 2.21

1923

}}

"S

13

26. Elm Leaf,

153,520

31

6. 3.24

1914

23

33

27. Ash Leaf,

152,449

36

20.12.23

1921

""

"}

32. Tak Shun,

***

28. Briar Leaf, 29. Tak Fat, 30. Tak Yu n, 31. Tak Choy,

33. Tak Chuen,... 34. Kam Cheong, 35. Silver River, 36. Hip Woh, 37. Wan Fat, 38. Derwent,

153,507

40

30. 1.24

1916

>>

...

153,527

19. 3.24

>>

#

>>

153,528

19. 3.24

1923

2

"

11

153,525

19. 3.24

1923

""

153,524

19, 3.24

1922

>

"

....

153,526

2

19. 3.24

1923

"

"}

152,440

BL

25. 10. 23

1911

*

""

158,14

18

20. 2.24

""

153,516

56

27. 2.24

**

31

153,519

19

5. 3. 24

"1

Hongkong,

81,603

1,562 | 20. 8. 24

Schooner

Clincher Sunderland,

}

Sold to foreigner (Spanish Subject). Sold to foreigner (Chinese Subject). Sold to foreigner (Italian Subject).

H

33

"

}}

1923 Sold to foreigner (Chinese Subject).

"

31

71

"

.....

.1923 | Sold to foreigner (French Subject). .1923 | Sold to foreigner (Chinese Subject).

1898

1879

"

D 43

D 44

Table XXII.

Number and Tonnage of Vessels in Foreign Trade Entered and

YEAR.

Cleared since 1915.

NO. OF

VESSELS.

TONNAGE.

1915

50,148

22,515,023

1916

48,350

22,308,311

1917

48,026

20,547,119

1918

43,436

16,955,332

1919

41,985

21,072,129

1920

43,364

24,194,022

1921

52,222

27,852,616

1922

50,427

29,543,564

1923

49,900

35,947,534

1924

57,765

38,770,499

Table XXIII.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department.

Year.

Total Revenue of

Department.

Total Expenditure of Department Excluding Special Expenditure.

Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

$

C.

C.

%

1915.

551,237.90

166,465.04

30.19

1916,

649,732.24

165,295.31

25.44

1917,

666,102.79

198,015.49

29.73

1918,

594,278.91

173,527.64

29-20

1919,

633,794.25

192,026.19

30.29

1920,

701,493.26

230,033.12

32.79

1921,

800,798.13

246,295.53

30.76

1922,

857,576.04

280,625.57

32.72

1923,

925,643.02

300,484.95

32.46

1924,

997,530.74

318,412.04

31.92

D 45

Ketapangan

Table XXIV.

Table showing total Shipping at the Port of Hongkong during the years 1923 to 1924.

TOTAL TONNAGE

TOTAL TONNAGE | TOTAL TONNAGE

YEAR.

OCEAN GOING

ALL CLASSES.

OCEAN GOING.

BRITISH,

1904

33,562,786

13,059,581

7,708.734

1905

34,185,091

13,493,109

7,672,324

1906

32,747,268

14,282,966

7,189,471

1907

36,028,310

14,937,044

7,216,169

1908

34,615,241

14,903,706

7,505,870

1909

34,830,845

15,593,835

7,735,927

1910

36,534,361

16,215,915

8,111,946

1911

36,179,152

15,507,635

7,589,995

1912

36,735,149

16,372,290

7,779,970

1913

37,742,982

17,722,168

8,449,533

1914

36,756,95.1

16,913,914

8,321,692

1915

33,884,919

14,381,808

7,358,586

1916

36,381,457

13,728,092

6,868,743

1917

33,827,325

12,289,548

5,168,058

1918

29,518,189

9,745,469

3,627,576

1919

35,615,169

14,467,847

6,842,024

1920

40,122,527

17,574,636

8,351,084

1921

43,420,970

20,064,611

9,247,198

1922

46,566,764

21,971,162

9,688,891

1923

53,402,239

25,894,058

11,222,141

1924

56,731,077

27,874,830

11,844,752

і

1996.

1907.

1908.

1909.

1910.

1911.

1912.

3

46

Table XXV.

DIAGRAM SHEWING TOTAL SHIPPING ALL CLASSES

1904-1924.

1913.

-1914.

1915.

1916.

1917.

1918.

1919.

1920.

1921.

1922.

1923.

56,000,000

55,000,000

54,000,000

53,000,000

52,000,000

51,000,000

50,000,000

+9,000,000

48,000,000

1924.

TONS.

57,000,000

56,731,077

:

I

1

1

¡ [

1:

19

11

19

CI

13

19

19

LUND.

57,000,000

56,731,077

56,000,000

55,000,000

54,000,000

53,000,000

52,000,000

51,000,000

50,000,000

+9,000,000

48,000,000

+7,000,000

+6,000,000

45,000,000

+4,000,000

43,000,000

$2,000,000

1900.

1907.

1

1908.

1909.

1910.

1911.

1912.

1913.

1914.

1915.

!

1916.

1917.

1918.

1919.

1920.

1921.

1922.

:

1923.

1924.

:

29,000,000

30,000,000

31,000,000

32,000,000

33,000,000

34,000,000

35,000,000

37,000,000

36,000,000

39,000,000

38,000,000

40,000,000

$1,000,000

42,000,000

Appendix E.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1924.

I.- LIQUOR.

The net revenue collected under the heading of Liquor was $1,229,262.66 as against $1,276,152,87 in 1923.

European and Chinese Liquors both show decreases. The collection of duty on Chinese Liquor still remains unsatisfactory. Whereas in 1913, 240 licensees in Hongkong and Kowloon paid duty on 1,461,320 gallons of Chinese Liquor, an average of 6,088 each, in 1924, 341 licensees in the same districts paid duty on 1,238.306 gallons, an average of 3,603 gallons each only. Evasion of duty on part of many Distilleries in the New Territory, was discovered, and it was decided to transfer the complete control of distilleries in the New Territory from the Police to this department, the staff of which has been strengthened for the purpose. Towards the end of the year a Distillery at Aberdeen in a large way of business was detected in a systematic fraud on the Revenue. Unfortunately the account books of the firm in current use were not found, and hence it was impossible to ascertain how much they had defrauded the revenue, but there were certain indications that they had been for some time paying at most half of the correct amount. Steps were taken during the year to bring the manufacture of Chinese vinegar from spirit more strictly under control. Considerable work was done in investigating the crude methods employed by Chinese Distilleries, in order to devise some better method of control than that at present employed. The great difficulty is that the crude methods employed do not give any constant result large losses of alcohol are incurred during distillation owing to the defective apparatus employed, and such losses are very variable even in the same plant. To insist on adequate alterations might result in the closing down of all distilleries here, which on the whole produce a liquor much superior to that imported from Macau and China, which has been recently of a very inferior quality, compounded with a large proportion of silent spirit. Chinese spirit is sold at such a low price that the legitimate profits of a distillery are small. hence they cannot well afford the structural alterations needed, or the new outfit of modern stills which would enable this department to keep a proper check on the production. Revision of the law concerned with the taxation of liquor has been approved and the work is now in hand.

Detailed figures are as follows :--

Duties on European Liquors ......$458,256.77

Chinese

27

Licensed Warehouse Fees

12

Overtime Fees

;

1923.

1924. $421,181,85

810,325.10

800.663.32

7,250.00

7,062.49

321.00

355.00

1,276,152.87 1,229,262.66

1

E 2

II. TOBACCo.

The net revenue collected under the Tobacco Ordinance was $2,007,105,01 as compared with $1,831,079.17 for 1923.

Smuggling of high grade cigarettes was very prevalent in the first half of the year, but the conviction of a large firm of tobacco dealers with two branches, and the subsequent closing of their shops probably had a good effect. The licence of one Chinese cigar manufacturer was not renewed, because he had failed persistently to account for his stock properly. Considerable trouble was experienced in compelling the small Chinese firms who manufacture cigars to carry on their business in such a manner as to facilitate a check being kept over their operations.

III.--OPIUM-GENERAL.

The gross revenue was $5,224,303.65 as compared with $5,759,443.58 in 1923. During the last quarter there was a drop of about 25 per cent. in the sales in all districts,-in one district on the South of the Island the decrease was 50 per cent. This marked decrease coincides with the appearance of the bountiful new crop of Chinese opium on the market, and the efforts of the Macau Opium Farmer to increase his sales by a reduction in price.

The cost of the production of prepared opium was considerably increased during the year. The salaries of the staff at the factory had to be revised to meet the general rise in wages in the Colony, while the cost of pots and charcoal was greatly increased owing to the general unrest in South China rendering the manufacture and transportation of the goods both difficult and expensive. Owing to excessive demands the old staff of boilers was discharged and a new staff was engaged, which after training and the elimination of those unsuitable, has proved satisfactory.

Extensive alterations had to be carried out at the Factory in order to facilitate ventilation and reduce the temperature in the boiling shed, which at times became so hot as to endanger the health of the workers.

The branch office at Taipo was closed down, and arrangements made for the agents in the New Territory. North, to draw their supplies of opium either direct from the Head Office or through two large retailers. The whole of the sale of opium is now in the hands of agents who are paid a fixed monthly salary, and have no interest in pushing the sale of opium, so long as they satisfy the demands of the purchasers in their immediate vicinity. To some extent in the outlying districts this has made a difference to the amounts sold, the tendency being to understock, so that when sold out for the day the agency could be closed down and the salesmen go home. Illicit opium of fair quality can be obtained so easily everywhere that smokers would not be seriously incommoded if they found the Government agent sold out.

r

E 3

IIIA. OPIUM SMUGGLING.

As compared with 1923 Hongkong was only supplying distant places such as U.S.A. and Shanghai with illicit opium, and this on a much smaller scale. Thanks to the first good crop for some years Amoy was supplying Hongkong, Manila, Java and Singapore with quantities of prepared opium of superior quality, at a very cheap price, from $3 to $5 per tael. Swatow, Canton, and the Delta were receiving supplies of Chinese opium direct without the intervention of Hongkong smugglers. The West River route for Yunnan opium was open throughout the year. Hence a flood of Chinese opium was poured into the Colony from all possible means of entrance whereas during 1923, the only possi- ble means of entrance was via Haiphong and South Western Chinese ports. A great increase of smuggling was thereforeto be anticipated.

Comparatively little Chinese-raw opium was seized, but con- stant seizures were made of Chinese prepared opinn, originating in Kwong Chow Wan, Wuchow, Kongmoon, Amoy and elsewhere. Illicit prepared opium of lower quality was being retailed in the Colony to opium divans at about $3 per tacl. Haiphong ceased to send Yunnan raw opium, but the trade was transferred to Tung Hing and the neighbouring French leased territory of Kwong Chow Wan, where the opium was boiled in numerous mann- factories and despatched to Hongkong almost daily by the numerous small steamers which ply between that port and Hong- kong.

The Hongkong Headquarters of one large Kwong Chow Wan opium dealer was discovered, and one of the employees convicted of selling opium. Though no opium was actually discovered, the books and documents when examined and explained gave such conclusive evidence of opium dealing on a huge scale that the defence had to admit that the business was that of dealing in opium solely. The master of this firm, who absconded, was a wealthy man owning considerable property in the Colony. The firm has been closed, and one of their chief sub-agents has been banished.

Evidence was obtained of the complete fiscalisation of opium throughout South and South Western China. Whereas in 1923 the Revenue stamps found on raw opium seized were comparatively crude affairs, many found in 1924 were quite elaborate and printed in colours; some from Amoy found on parcels of prepared opium were very similar to Revenue stamps used by foreign countries, being perforated and printed in different colours for each denomina- tion, with an elaborate design including the star and crescent, the value being given in Arabic numbers and Roman lettering. These particular stamps bore a legend that they were issued as Export Revenue Duty Stamps. The official opium monopoly in Canton does not seem to have been the success anticipated, mostly owing to the competition of the various military leaders, who each relied on opium to finance their own forces. Though

4

the price was gradually reduced very little seems to have found its way to Hongkong.

IV. PERSIAN OPIUM.

Persia still continued to send opium to China under the false declaration of destination, "Vladivostock". The arrival of s.s. "Tai Tak" in the port on her return from her second opium smuggling trip to the China coast afforded an opportunity for a thorough investigation into this traffic with the help afforded by the books seized in the office of the agent for the ship. It was proved by the documents seized that the persons to whom the ship be- longed had been responsible for the introduction of at least four ship-loads of Persian Opium into China during the last two years, and that at least four million dollars had been spent on the purchase of the opium. The money came from Swatow mostly, though occasionally Shanghai joined in the venture. The persons who financed the business were discovered to be wealthy and very influential Chinese merchants in Swatow. The procedure was to send the ship chosen to Formosa to load coal sufficient for the round trip to the Persian Gulf and back to the China coast, allow- ing a considerable margin to allow the ship to loiter off the coast and steer unusual courses, supercargos were embarked in Formosa, and the ship sailed for Basrah via Goa, the ship remained at Basrah until a cable was received from Hongkong that the_opium was ready at Bushire, the ship then proceeded to Bushire loaded her opium declaring the destination as Vladivostock, she touched at Goa, and then sailed for the China sea avoiding Sabang, the former usual port call for these opium ships. A course was then steered for Hongkong keeping over to the coast of the Philippines to avoid being seen by other ships and reported, a course was then set for the vicinity of the Eastern entrance to the harbour of Hongkong near Waglan, where apparently some means were prepared of getting a message through to Swatow. The ship then proceeded to the neighbourhood of Swatow where some of the opium was transferred into waiting steam launches. Some of the remainder of the opium was transferred into waiting gunboats near Amoy. In one case arrangements had been made to meet junks near the mouth of the Yangtse. After delivering her cargo the ship proceeded to Formosa to coal and then came back to Hongkong to refit or lay up till the next trip. The Captain of s.s. "Tai Tak" was warned to leave the Colony and the Chinese manager of the local agents for the ship was deported.

Only one seizure of Persian opium was made of any magnitude, in a junk in the Yaumati harbour of refuge, shortly after informa- tion had been received that an opium smuggling ship from Persia had discharged some of her cargo near the Colony. Whenever such ships had discharged in this locality small amounts of Persian opium were soon after seized, showing the rapidity with which such opium goes into circulation.

1

E 5

Macau received over 1,400 chests of opium from Persia, though it is probable that a certain amount was really Benares opium. The ultimate distribution of this is unknown, but while such large supplies are available in a place with a small legitimate consumption so near Hongkong, there is a very considerable dan- ger of a large part reaching this Colony ultimately in one form or another.

V.-INDIAN OPIUM.

A few seizures were made of Indian Opium but none of any magnitude, but from documents seized it was apparent that elab- orate arrangements had been made to attempt to smuggle Indian opium into China. In two cases, involving 340 chests in all, Benares opium was exported from India to Persia and was exported thence as Persian opium, and so ultimately reached China. The Indian trade returns for 1924 mention the export of opium to Persia. Apparently most of this opium was at once shipped to China or Macau.

VI.-FORGERY OF GOVERNMENT OPIUM Labels.

A good deal of illicit opium appears to have been sold to unsuspecting strangers as Government opium in pots bearing forg- ed labels, especially in Chinese Hotels and Boarding Houses. Several convictions were obtained, but the source of the forgeries could not be traced in the Colony. They are apparently imported from outside, some at least from Kongmoon. In consequence of this the concession previously allowed to the larger Chinese Hotels of keeping small stocks of opium for the convenience of their guests was withdrawn,

VII-OPIUM DIVANS.

Early in the year a second European Revenue Officer was assigned to the work of the suppression of opium divans and placed in charge of the Kowloon Peninsula for that purpose with good results. The number of divans seems to remain constant notwith- standing the uumbers dealt with by the Magistrates. The amount of illicit opium found at any one time in these divans was very small, replenishment being obtained from hawkers or agents of the owners of the divans several times a day. The number of opium pipes found in use tended to decrease, but in a low class divan the same pipe will be passed round a circle of smokers; thus one pipe and one lamp will suffice for four smokers at a time, one smoking while the next man is preparing his pellet of opium over the lamp. There was found to be a marked difference in the type of divan on either side of the water, the divan in Kowloon being as a rule on a much smaller scale, and using a cheaper type of opium. The majority of the divans were conducted by paid keepers, the real masters keeping in the background and being rarely discovered. In some cases the keeper only got his food and free opium, in other cases he received as little as $2 per month and his keep, but the

E 6 ་

masters seem never to have been at a loss to find applicants for the posts of keeper, in spite of the large number of keepers who were deported from the Colony during the year. The number of divans dealt with during the year was 1,572; the number of smokers in divans convicted 5,726. In all these divans illicit opium was being consumed, and in very many cases large numbers of empty illicit opium containers were found, showing the quantities of illicit opium consumed. In all 7,884 persons were arrested by officers of this department and convicted of offences under the Opium Ordinance, apart from a considerable number arrested by the Police. What would be the consequence of creating many new offences under any scheme of registration of smokers can easily be imagined.

VIII-REGISTRATION OF SMOKERS.

As an instance of the difficulty of introducing any scheme of registration of smokers here our experience with holders of anunal passbooks for the purchase of Kam Shan, or high grade prepared opium, is worthy of mention. These passbooks are issued annually only to Chinese of the upper classes, who are permanently resident in the Colony, yet every year about 30 per cent do not renew their passbooks, having left the Colony. Merchants who held passbooks years ago are constantly returning to the Colony after an absence of years and applying to renew their passbooks. If such is the case with the upper classes, it is far more so with the middle and lower classes.

IX. SEIZURES OF OPIUM.

The chief seizures during the year were as follows:-

1. 800 pounds of Persian opium found in a junk in Yaumati harbour of refuge. The information obtained was to the effect that this was only part of a much larger parcel which had entered the Colony. The s.s. "Cochin Chine was known to have unloaded a large consignment direct from Persia near the waters of the Colony shortly before.

""

2. 3,150 taels of prepared opium found in tin trunks on the deck of s.s." President Taft" amongst 1st class passengers baggage. Two Chinese were arrested, whose names corresponded with those on the labels of the trunks, but no sufficient evidence could be found to prove guilty knowledge. They were obviously from their own belongings of a lower class, and would not have travelled first class unless their passage had been paid. The presumption was that they had received a free passage in return for taking the opium to the United States.

3. 3,460 taels of prepared Amoy opium on s.s. "Sui Sang on her arrival from Amoy via Manila. The opium was intended for Manila, but owing to the vigilance of the Customs could not be lauded there, so was brought on to Hongkong.

E 7

in

4. 1,750 faels of Macao opium on s.s. "Las Vegas camphor wood trunks. The opium was being taken to Los Angeles by one of the European engineers of the ship, who was to receive a handsome sum if he delivered it safely. He was arrested and sentenced to 12 months imprisonment.

5. 1,520 taels of prepared opium on a small cargo boat in the harbour. The opium had probably come from a Macao steamer and was stowed away in the boat pending an opportunity to ship it to America.

6. 600 pounds of raw Chinese opium on s.s. "Taikwa Maru " on her arrival from Hoihow. The opium was probably intended for Swatow.

7. 1,220 taels of prepared Amoy opium on s.s. "Sarvistan" probably intended for Singapore.

S. 1,160 taels of raw Chinese opium on s.s. "Limchow" probably intended for local consumption.

9. 2,999 taels in cargo on s.s." President Madison" consigned to Manila.

10. 6,704 taels of Amoy prepared opium on s.s. "Kuisang" intended for Singapore.

11. 4,000 taels of Amoy prepared opium on s.s. "Haihong” probably intended for export to the Philippines.

X.-BANISHMENT.

The number of persons banished from the Colony for various periods for opium offences was 598. They were mostly keepers of divans with more than one conviction, and boilers of illicit opium, and a few who made their living, by the retailing of illicit prepared opium.

XI-LEGISLATION.

The Opium Ordinance was amended so as to make the offence of dealing in raw opium more comprehensive. Dealing in any way without a licence is now prohibited. The intention was to prohibit any business in, or concerning, raw opium being handled through the Colony even though the opium itself never came within the limits of the Colony. The present policy is to issue such licences only in respect of opium ordered by foreign governments for the use of the official monopolies, when such opium has to pass through the Colony in transit. It is desirable to make this point clear, since the wording of the new clause may be interpreted wrongly by persons who are not in possession of adequate knowledge of the actual position.

XII.-REWARDS.

The amount paid in respect of rewards was $88,194.00. The greater portion was in respect of opium divans, a large number of secret agents, who are paid on results, having to be maintained.

E 8

XIII.-DANGEROUS DRUGS.

The seizures during the year were as under:

Morphine...

Heroin

Cocaine

·

D

10,304 ounces.

5,280

2,124

"2

The number of seizures was 8, none of which were made on shore. No evidence was found during the year that there was any retail trade in Dangerous Drugs in the Colony. No Hypodermic syringes were found. Japan was the destination or the origin of many of the seizures, and considerable amounts of Turkish and Persian Opium destined for well-known Morphine manufacturers in Japan were noticed as they passed through the Port. The import of Opium Extract into Japan from Germany was noticed for the first time.

The chief seizures were :—

66

""

1. 5,280 ounces Heroin on s.s. Fushimi Maru en route to Japan, manufactured in Germany.

2. 1,200 ounces Morphine on s.s. "Rheinland" consigned to Amoy, manufactured in Germany.

"Hakosaki Maru" con-

3. 6,640 ounces of Morphia on s.s. signed to Japan, manufactured in Germany.

4. 800 ounces of Morphine on s.s. "Oldenburg" consigned to Amoy, manufactured in Germany.

46

5. 1,600 ounces of Morphine on s.s. Derflinger", manu- factured in Germany.

6. 2,000 ounces of Cocaine on s.s. "Hosang", intended for Calcutta, all bought in Japan, some of Japanese manufacture, some with German marks, possibly forged, some with German and Japanese trade-marks on the same packages.

XIV. ARMS.

Seizures of arms still remained high, but the origin was chiefly Germany. Compared with 1923 the number of arms seized of U.S.A. manufacture was very much less. The Mauser Automatic pistol was the favourite weapon. These were all second hand, and were imported chiefly from Hamburg, but considerable numbers were brought in by the crews of the Messageries Maritimes Liners. After the arrival of nearly every one of these ships evidence was obtained that arms had been smuggled in. The price paid in Germany for a second-hand Mauser pistol and 100 rounds of ammunition was from £2 10 s. to £3 15 s. Much of the ammunition for Mauser pistols was noticed to be of very recent German manufacture.

E 9

As the result of the seizure of a consignment of arms from Germany, and the receipt subsequently of information from the Home Office, the operations of a powerful syndicate of Chinese arms smugglers were brought to light. The syndicate had been working since 1922 at least, and some of the arms seized in 1923 were traced to them. Five arrests were made, including a clerk employed in the Official Receiver's Office. Two of those arrested absconded forfeiting heavy bail, three others were banished from the Colony, there being technical objections to the use of the large amount of evidence against them. The syndicate was composed of Chinese Seamen's Boarding House Keepers operating in England, Germany and Holland with Headquarters in Hongkong. Several firms who supply Chinese crews to shipping Companies were concerned, and one firm which did a stevedoring and compradore business subsequently closed. The syndicate handled very large sums, and must have made very large profits during 1923, the profit on a successful operation being at least 500 per cent. in all, the actual syndicate making about 250 per cent. and the remainder being made by individual members retailing the arms in small quantities amongst their sailor acquaintances employed on the coasting vessels plying from this port. The chief member of the syndicate frequently acted as a Police Interpreter in London, and was connected with many of the Chinese drug dealers recently dealt with in London. A large number of raids were made in conjunction with the Police, and a mass of documents collected, the examination of which proved extremely laborious. A large amount of information was obtained which proved useful to other administrations. The members of the syndicate were effectively dispersed both here and in Europe.

XV. STAFF.

I was in charge of the department throughout the year.

An addition of three was made to the staff of European Revenue Officers, and of two supernumerary Probationer Clerks to the Statistical Department in order to insure that the work should not fall behind, owing to the necessity of teaching new probationer clerks their work. Revenue Officer Grimmitt was in charge of divan work in Hongkong during the absence on leave of Senior Revenue Officer Watt.

7th April, 1925.

J. D. LLOYD,

Superintendent.

E 10

Table I.

Return of Liquor Duty collected during the year 1924.

European Type Liquor.

Class of Liquors.

Gallons.

Amount of Duty collected.

C.

Ale, Beer, and Stout

263,286

105,314.52

Brandy

9,257

55,547.73

Whisky

16,979

101,877.79

Gin

6,141

36,851.38

Rum

906

5,438.85

Champagne and Sparkling Wine

2,370

23,703.12

Claret

4,335

11,478.57

Port Wine..

5,357

21,430.83

Sherry

1,997

7,990.66

Vermouth

3,673

11,019.51

Liqueur

1,501

15,014.52

Miscellaneous

7,351

20,947.83

Difference on overproof

3,279.01

Total..................

419,894.32

Table II.

Return of Liquor Duty collected during the year 1924.

Chinese and Japanese Liquor.

Liquors Amount of

distilled

Imported

Amount of

Total Amount of

duty

locally.

collected.

liquor.

duty collected.

duty

collected.

gallons.

gallons.

Not more than

25% of alcohol

by weight...

35%

529,572 275,224.72

10,729

706,788 7,956,94 18,752

424.072.92

699,297.64

15,001.36

22,958.90

45%

Sake

and above

Difference on

246

242.66

64,219. 1,857

64,780.90

65,023.56

2,914.50

2.914.50

overproof

1.26

64.83

€6.09

Total..... *790,260.69

Note:--Fractions of a gallon are not shown in this table.

* Excludes 66,868 gallons=$13,373.71 duty collected and paid into the

Treasury by the District Officer, North,

E 11

Table III.

Summary of Revenue collected from Liquor during the year 1924.

Duties on European Liquor ......

"

""

Chinese and Japanese Liquor.

Licensed Warehouse Fees....

""

..$ 419,894.32

790,260.69

7,062.49

355.00

Overtime Fees

Total......$1,217,572.50

Refund of Liquor Duties

1,683.55

Net Total......$1,215,888.95

CLASS OF TOBACCO.

Table IV.

Return of Duty Paid on Tobacco.

IMPORTED.

MANUFACTURED LOCALLY.

High Grade.

Low Grade.

High Grade.

Low Grade.

mille.

lbs.

Duty.

mille.

lbs.

Duty,

mille.

lbs.

Duty.

mille.

Ibs.

Duty.

Cigars..

868

34,720.00 1.836

7,067.78

113

4,520.00

11,327

Cigarettes

68,220

306,990.00 232,048

227,751.90

65,634

295.353.00 598.246

European Tobacco

9,234

13,851,00

5,270

2,700.84

Chinese Tobacco

93,714 :

28,115.51

Tobacco Leaf

52.321

15,780.23

Smuff

149

228.43

28

8.40

38,152.86

842,795.60

614,828

184,448.40

Total

69,088

9,383

355.789.43 | 233,884

151,333

281,374.66

65,747

299,873.00 609,573 | 614,828 1,065,396.86

E 12

E 13

Table V.

Total amount of Prepared Opium Sold during the year 1924.

Bengal

Persian

Table VI.

.350,766.45 taels.

793.80

Statement of Opium Traushipped.

Benares. Persian. Turkish. Total.

chests.

chests. chests.

From Calcutta

+3

""

Bombay

Marseilles

London

150

420

12

221

i

chests.

150

120

12

Total

150

424

12

586

Benares. Persian. Turkish. Total.

chests. chests. chests. chests.

To Macao

"2

Canton

Keelung

Dairen

Kobe

100

"

Tokio

100

1

300

300

120

120

50

50

12

12

Total

150

424

12

586

*

Opium, Raw

*

Prepared

ARMS.

E 14

Table VII.

CONTRABAND SEIZED.

Automatic pistols and revolvers ..

Ammunition, rounds....

Rifles....

Air Guns

Daggers

Sulphur

25,334

27,005.58

1,408

190,227

6

1

3

1,700 catties

TOBACCO.

Cigarettes

Cigars

Smoking Tobacco, European

""

29

..394,920

3,696

41 lbs.

Chinese......

235 lbs.

LIQUOR.

Foreign Wine and Spirits

Chinese

>>

62 bottles

331 bottles & 160 galls.

DANGEROUS DRUGS.

Cocaine

Heroin

Morphine

2,124 ounces

5,280

10,304

* Excluding numerous seizures of small quantities in divans and boiling cases.

E 15

Table VIII.

CONVICTIONS OBTAINED.

(a).--OPIUM ORDINANCE.

Posses-

Divan Smok- keeping.

sion of

ing.

Boiling.

Possession of forged

Total.

Illicit Opium.

opiun

labels.

Hongkong,

823

3,355

70

303

Yaumati.

749

2,371

112

90

4.559

3,325

Grand Total,

1,572

5,726

182

393

11

7,884

(b).-TOBACCO ORDINANCE.

Possession of :-

Cigarettes

Chinese Tobacco

European

Cigars......

(c). LIQUOR ORDINANCE.

Possession of Chinese Wine

Distilleries, false returns

(d).—GAMBLING ORDINANCE.

67

5

2

1

3

6

Possession of lottery tickets.

(e).-ARMS Ordinance.

Possession of Arms and Ammunition

27

E 16

Table IX.

Classified List of Opiumn Seizures.

Number of

Tuels

Seizures.

Seized.

Prepared Opium, Chinese, (including, Kwong

Chau Wan

1615

8,750.72

Prepared Opium Macao

45

9,729,10

French (Benares)

5

1,574.50

Doubtful

291

61.57

"

Hongkong

21

8.87

وو

Amoy

8

12,655.00

Mixtures and Substitutes

8

36.00

>>

Opium Dross all kinds

235

255.21

Dross Opium

Raw Opium, Chinese

241

68.93

""

232

19,017.55

""

Bengal

3

348.00

29

""

Persian Substitutes

Opium Solution

5

9,665.00

11

Pints seized.

201

244.13/20

Table X.

Fines and Forfeitures collected by the Courts.

Opium Ordinance.

Liquor & Tobacco Ordinance.

Hongkong Magistracy

Kowloon

$58,526,35

$4,644.00

19,364.50

10.00

District Office, North

1,107.00

116.50

South

980.47

619.42

""

Total....

$79,978.32

$5,389.92

Table XI.

Rewards Paid.

For Opium

$88,194.97

Liquor and Tobacco

3,790,33

E 17

Table XII.

Total amount of Dangerous Drugs imported commercially during

Tinet. Opinm.......

the year 1924.

Opium Powder and preparation containing Extract from Cocae (Liq.)

Nepenthe

Morphine Salts, preparation containing Morphine Salts

Heroin, preparation containing

Heroin

50

lbs.

2

ounces.

2

Ibs.

8

lbs.

* 11

ounces.

115

ounces.

* 5

ounces.

371⁄2 ounces.

* 88 grains.

Cocaine Salts, preparation containing......* 88 Cocaine Salts....

62 ounces.

* Actual amount of the drug contained in the preparation.

European Revenue

Table XIII.

Staff Changes.

New Posts. Resigned. Dismissed. Transferred.

Officers

Chinese Revenue

Officers

Clerks

3

1

*

10

Died.

Table XIV.

REGISTRATION OF IMPORTS & EXPORTS ORDINANCE, 1922.

Import Declarations Passed

108,833

Export

""

25

Transhipment,,

39

331,993

15,581

Import Manifests received (Ocenn)

6,316

(River)

4,886

Export Manifests received (Ocean)

6,342

་་

(River)

4,886

26

Certificates of Origin issued*

82

77

Landing Certificates issued

Miscellaneous Certificates issued

The number of Quarterly and Annual Trade Returns distributed was 345, and the number sold was 46.

The amount received for supplying special statistical information was $825,50.

E 18

:

Appendix.

TRADE STATISTICS.

Table XIV shows the number of Declarations, Permits, etc., dealt with during the year, under the Importation and Exporta- tion Ordinance, 1915, and the Registration of Imports and Exports Ordinance, 1922.

An Index number was instituted taking 1922 as the base, sub- sequent years being given as a percentage of the number for that

year.

The total trade (excluding Treasure) for 1924 amounted to £135,830,272 as compared with £123,326,829 for 1923. Of this amount Imports were valued at £72,155,478 (as against £61,954,198 for 1923) and Exports at £63,674,794 (as against £61,372,331 for 1923).

Treasure imported during 1924 amounted to £2,899,607 (including £1,972,743 of Gold and £816,006 of Silver). Treasure exported during 1924 amounted to £6,997,198 (includ- ing £3,230,037 of Gold and £3,663,088 of Silver).

Complete figures will be found in the Annual Trade Returns, from which the following items may be of interest.

Imports.

Exports.

GOODS.

VALUE.

GOODS.

VALUE.

£

£

Aniline Dyes

Chinese Medicines (not

specially mentioned)..| 1,243,274 | Cigarettes

401,370 Chinese Medicines (not

specially mentioned) 1,217,987 1,251,120

Cigarettes

641,657

Cottons Dyed Plain (not

Coal

1,548,788

specially mentioned)

941.113

Cuttlefish

672,495

Firecrackers

613,090

Fish and Fishery Pro-

Fish & Fishery Pro-

ducts (not specially

mentioned)

1,352,824

ducts (not specially mentioned)

1,908,874

Flour, (Wheat)

2,309,925 Flour, (Wheat)

1,795,776

Fuel Oil.....

Ginseng

Jeans, Grey

Kerosene

782,284 Gunny Bags

723,721

824,541 Kerosene

1,650,507

467,479 Leather, Sole.

614,151

1,594,806 Peanut Oil...

537,702

Leather, (Sole)

555,367 Rice Meal, (Rice Bran).

1,084,299

Peanuts

510,702

Broken

2,480,622

>>

Peanut Oil

784,924

Glutinous

612,272

Rice Meal, (Rice Bran).

1,124,141

White..

6,117,037

Rice Broken

3,398,043

in Husk (Padi)...

843,985

Cargo

650,218 Silk Piece Goods.

927,809

22

White

7,345,675 Sugar Candy

609,358

Imports.

**

E 19

Exports.

Goods.

VALUE.

GOODS.

VALUE.

Rice in husk, (Padi)................ Silk Piece Goods.... Sugar, Raw....

وو

Refined

Suitings and Tweeds

£

869,921 | Sugar Raw...

£

1,159,664

Refined

""

2,331,153 5,580,220

7,224,738 Tea

1,643,456 Tin Slabs & Ingots

645,562 1,774,049

Vermicelli

(Woollen)

598,622

Yarn, Cotton

517,033 3,563,553

Tin Slabs and Ingots

1,685,295

Union Cloth (Wool and

Cotton)

558,120

Vermicelli

564,453

Woven Fancies (Cotton) 682,063

Yarn, Cotton

4,202,004

Food Stuffs

Textiles

Metals and Minerals

Miscellaneous

INDEX NUMBER.

1922-100.

1923.

1924.

1913.

104.6

110.3

73.6

100.9

115.7

55.1

97.7

102.2

63.2

96.9

100.6

64.2

109.7

64.0

...

Combined average Index number 102.5

NOTE-Figures for 1913 have been calculated from the

The

prices of 46 Articles shown in the Chinese Maritime Customs Re- turns for the Kowloon and Canton Districts for that year. prices of 60 articles are used in the compilation of the Hongkong Index number.

Appendix F.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE ROYAL OBSERVATORY, HONGKONG, FOR THE YEAR 1924.

1.-GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS

The grounds were kept in order by the Botanical and Forestry Department with the assistance of the Observatory coolies.

Underground Chamber for Seismograph and Clocks.--As the scale value of the thermograph supplied by Messrs. Short and Mason was too small for satisfactory registration of the minute changes of temperature in the Underground Chamber, magnifying levers were constructed and fitted by Mr. Evans. In October, after several trials, with levers of various dimensions, counter- poised and uncounterpoised, and the introduction of a buzzer, he succeeded in obtaining satisfactory registration with a scale value of 0.6 inch to 1 (C). The buzzer is fixed on a brass frame screwed to the supports of the dry and wet bulb thermometers. It is operated for I sec. every minute. Such high magnification is only feasible in conjunction with a buzzer, or other device for overcoming the combined effects of inertia and friction.

1

The records are standardized by 4-hourly readings of dry and wet bulb thermometers, graduated to 0°1 (C) and read to 0°01 (C) by estimation. They show that the diurnal inequality of temperature in the Underground Chamber is small, but greater than indicated by the thermograph in its original condition.

In the following table the mean temperature of the air and humidity, at 4-hourly intervals, for November and December, 1923, are compared with the corresponding figures for 1924 :—

Temperature of air in Underground Chamber.

Month and Year

0.

40.

8h. Noon.

16h. 20h.

Range.

ปี

O

о

о

1923

75*28 7523 75 24 7525 | 75°27 75°23

0:05

Νον.

19247623 76-23 76-23

7615|| 76°25

76.32

0'17

1923 7272 72.64 72.63

72.66 72.68

72-68

Dee.

1924 7293 72-82 72.86 72.90| 72.88 7295

0'13

Month

and

F 2

Relative Humidity in Underground Chamber.

Year

Oh. 4b. Sh. Noon. 16h. 20h.

Range.

%

%

%

%

% %

%

1923

80.6

80'2 80°0

78.1

78'0

78.8

2:6

Nov.

1924

66.8

66.3

64*7

63.8

64'7

66.3

3་°

1923 73'5

73'5 73.0 72°9 717

72.2

1.8

Dec.

1924 60'9 60.8 60.3 58.7 59'5

60'4

2.2

In the following table the mean monthly temperature and humidity in the Underground Chamber are compared with the temperature and humidity in the open air. As the air in the Underground Chamber is always still, humidity tables for calm air have been computed and used for obtaining the relative humidity from the readings of these dry and wet bulb thermometers.

Mean Monthly Temperature and Relative Humidity in the Underground Chamber and in the Open Air, during the year 1924.

Month 1924.

In Underground Chamber.

In Open Air.

Excess of Under- ground Chamber over Open Air.

!

%

70.6

76

79

Temper- Relative Temper- Relative Temper- Relative

ature Humidity ature Humidity ature Humidity

January, February,... 69.1

>

%%

52°4

81

+ 8.2

60.3

86

+ 8.8

March,

68.7

79

6275

79

+ 6.2

April,

704

38

69:3

85

+3

May,

74'5

95

79.6

82

5'1

+13

June,

77'0

94

805

83

3.5

+11

July..

79'7

94

817

83

2.0

+11

August.

80'5

92

81.9

14

+10

September,. 80-6

89

82.2

16

+11

October,

79°1

81

76'5

+ 2.6

+10

November,.. 76.3

65

68.2

+ 8.1

+ 8

December,..

72.9

60

619

61

+11.0

I

Range....... 119

35

21.9

29

It will be seen that while the range of temperature in the Underground Chamber is only a little more than half the range in

F 3

the Open Air, the range of relative humidity is actually grea ter. It is hoped however that the excessive dampness during the summer months may be reduced by a heating element which has recently heen installed along the outside of the inner wall at a height of 1 feet from the floor. It is to be controlled by a thermostat, but the instrument sent out was found to be unsatisfactory so has been sent back to the makers for alterations.

Beginning with 1925, Feburary 1st, the records have been standardized only by eye observations on entering and leaving the room for the purpose of changing the seismograph sheets.

II-METEOROLOGICAL INSTRUMENTS.

Barometers.--The Marvin compensated syphon barometer has worked satisfactorily.

The station barometer No. 1323 and the large Casella barome- ter were compared with the Observatory Standard on May 19th.

Beckley Anemograph.-This instrument was oiled and the orientation of the vane checked once a month.

Dines-Baxendell Anemograph.-The bearings of the vane were oiled and its orientation checked once a month. The spindle of the float was cleaned and oiled once a week.

The Mean monthly results of comparisons with the records of the Beckley Anemograph from 1910-1923 are given in the follow- ing table, together with the results for 1924 :--

Factor for converting the actual run of the Beckley Anemograph cups to velocities recorded by the Dines Pressure Tube Anemograph.

Beckley).

Factor (Dines ÷

3

Month.

Mean 1910-1923.

1924.

January,

February,

March,

April,

1.96

164

2 ΟΙ

1'57

2:05

1'79

2:07

170

May, June, July,

2.16

2*13

2:07

2'22

2.18

2'49

August,.

2.II

2.60

September,

2.12

2:46

October,

2:05

2.18

November,

1.96

2.15

December,

1.92

I'94

Year

2:06

2'07

F 4

The Annual Values are given below.

Year.

Factor.

Year.

Factor.

1910

2.25

1918

2:06

1911

2*27

1919

197

1912

2.42

1920

1.72

1913

2.39

1921

174

1914

2*22

1922

181

1915

2.II

1923

1.67

1916

2°30

1924

2:07

1917

195

The figures may be grouped into three periods; 1910-1916, 1917-1919 and 1920-1923. The means for these periods are 2.27, 1.99 and 1.73.

No explanation of these relatively large variations can be given. The instrument is carefully tended, and calibrated once a

year.

As an instance of the baffling behaviour of this instrument it may be mentioned that in January and February the factor showed a distinct variation with velocity, whereas in August and December although large variations occur they appear to be independent of the velocity.

The scale value of the direction apparatus was halved on August 15th, to obviate loss of register owing to the pen travelling off the sheet in variable winds.

Thermometers. All thermometers in use are compared with Kew Standard No. 647 in winter and summer.

Richard Thermograph.-A buzzer, operated each minute, was fitted to the thermometer frames on April 2nd, but the base lines laid down on the thermograms from the hourly observations of rotating thermometers still show large irregularities except on dull days, with a small range of temperature.

III. METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS AT THE OBSERVATORY.

Automatic records of the temperature of the air and evapora- tion were obtained with a Richard dry and wet bulb thermograph. and of the direction and velocity of the wind with a Beckley and a Dines-Baxendell Anemograph, modified as described in the report for 1912. The amount of rain is recorded automatically by a Nakamura pluviograph, the amount of sunshine by two Campbell- Stokes universal sunshine recorders, and the relative humidity of the air by a small Richard hair hygrograph. Eye observations of

F 5-

barometric pressure, temperature of the air and of evaporation and the amount of cloud are made at each hour of Hongkong Standard time. The character and direction of the motion of the clouds are observed every three hours. Daily readings are taken of self- registering maximum and minimum thermometers.

Principal features of the Weather.-The principal features of the weather in 1924 were :

(a) Absence of typhoons.

(b) Heavy rain in May, June, July and August.

(c) A heat wave from August 28 to September 10.

Barometric pressure was considerably below normal in February, particularly from the 6th to the 10th and from the 18th to the 23rd. It was moderately above in March and moderately below in April, gradually regaining normal by August. It was moderately above normal in September and November. The mean pressure for the year at station level was 29.830ins as against 29-828ins. in 1923 and 29-842ins. for the past 41 years. The highest pressure was 30-314ins on November 24 as against 30-311ins in 1923 and 30-509ins. for the past 41 years. The lowest pressure was 29 365ins. on July 15, as against 28′590ms in 1923, the lowest on record.

The temperature of the air was moderately above normal in January, February, May and September, and slightly below in March, April, June, November and December.

The mean temperature for the year was 720-3 as against 72°-5 in 1923 and 71°9 for the past 41 years. The highest temperature was 93°2 on September 7, as against 92°-9 in 1923 and 97°0 for the past 41 years. The lowest temperature was 47°5 on January 1 as against 457 in 1923 and 32°0 for the past 41 years. The heat wave from August 28 to September 10 was exceptional. The mean temperature for September 7, 87°5 was the highest on record for any month and the maximum on this day, 93°-2, has only been exceeded in September on two occasions, namely on September 6, 1895, when it was 94° 0 and on September 17, 1892, when it was 939. The night of September 7-8, was the hottest on record for any month, the minimum being 84°3. The next hottest was 1915, August 7-8, when the minimum temperature was 83°-7.

V

F 6

The rainfall was moderately above normal in February and October and considerably above normal in May, June and July. It was moderately below normal in March, Angust and September. No rain fell froni 5 a.m, on October 18 to 5 p.m. on December 3. The total for the year was 98.57ins.

as against 106-74ins. in 1923 and 85.13ins. for the past 41 years. The greatest fall in one civil day was 6·60ins on June 23 as against 20-495ns for the past 41 years and the greatest in one hour was 1.74ins, between 12:30 p.m. and 1:30 p.m. on May 22, as against 3.480ims. for the past 41 years.

The wind velocity was normal in January and November, moderately above normal in June and slightly to moderately above normal in the other months. The mean velocity for the year was 11.7 m.p.h. as against 12-2 m.p.h. in 1923, and 12·6 m.p.h. for the past 41 years. The maximum velocity for one hour, as recorded by the Beckley Anemograph, was 46 miles at midnight and 2 a.m. on October 4 and 5 respectively as against 106 miles in 1923, and 108 miles for the past 41 years. The maximum squall velocity as recorded by the Dines-Baxendell Anemograph, was at the rate of 69 m.p.h. at 1.55 am, on October 5, as against 130 m.p.h. in 1923. the highest on record.

Rainfall at Four Stations.—In the following table the monthly rainfall for the year 1924 at the Observatory is compared with the fall at the Police Station, Tai Po; the Botanical Gardens; and the Matilda Hospital, Mount Kellet :-

Month.

(Kowloon).

Observatory Police Station

(Taipo).

Station! Botanical

Gardens

(Hongkong).

Matilda Hospital (Hongkong).

inches.

inches.

inches.

inches.

January,

rosc

144

159

148

February,

4510

8.02

4'50

3.80

March,

0.180

1.82

026

0°23

April,

6.215

5.23

4.89

4.20

May,

16.875

11*24

15'97

15.20

June,

23°140

24.86

23905

23'47

July,

19675

15.43

18.24

18.31

Angust,

10.655

9'50

1429

13.05

September,...

6.440

5755

10:28

10 01

October,

9'090

12*22

9.70

13.58

November,

December,

0.710

1.05

074

0'95

Year.

98.570

96.36

105°31

104-28

F 7

Floods. The heaviest rainfall occurred at the Observatory

as follows:-

Period.

Amount.

Duration.

Greatest fall

in 1 hour.

Amount.

Time.

l.

b.

dl. h.

inches. hours. inches.

d. b.

May...15 1 to

May 16 3

3:49

12

0.74

May

15 1

May 21 10 June...11 21 June...18 13

to

May 24 13

9.90

28

1.74

May

22 · 13

to

June B

23

3.74

34

0.77

June

12

6

10

June 24 12

13:14.

59

0:30

June 19 16

July ...12

+

to July 17

675

19

1:20

July 15 13

July ...19

11

to

July 28

13

921

52

0.69

July 25 13

Aug. 8 11 Sept....30 23

to

Aug. 12 22

5.79

33

1'08

Aug. 12 18

to Oct G 9

8:57

37

1-20

Oct.

5 9

rains.

Serious floods and landslides were caused by these heavy

Typhoons.---The tracks of 14 typhoons and 21 of the principal depressions which occurred in the Far East in 1924 are given in two plates in the Monthly Meteorological Bulletin for December, 1924.

a

Hongkong was not visited by a typhoon during the year. The greatest squall velocity as recorded by the Dines Anemograph was at the rate of 69 m.p.h. at 1.55 a.m. on October 5, when typhoon was 300 miles S.W. of Hongkong. The typhoons of July 10-17, August 2-6 and August 8-22 followed abnormal tracks, the first and last named making complete loops.

IV.-PUBLICATIONS.

Daily Weather Report and Map.--A weather map of the Far East for 6 a.m. of the 120th meridian, and the Daily Weather Report (containing meteorological observations, usually at 6h. and 14h. from about 40 stations in China, Indo-China, Japan, the Philippines and Borneo) and Daily Weather Forecasts for Hongkong to Gap Rock, the Formosa Channel, the south coast of China between Hongkong and Lamocks, and between Hongkong and Hainan, were issued as in former years. Copies of the map were exhibited on notice boards at the Hongkong Ferry Pier, and the Harbour Office. One copy was sent daily to the Institute of Engineers and Shipbuilders, one to the Director of the Meteoro- logical Observatory, Macao, one to the Diocesan Boys School, and one to the Central British School (since October 28). Copies of the Daily Weather Report were sent every week to the Hydrographic Office, Bangkok.

A lithographic machine for lithographing the weather map was received from Messrs. Ullmer & Co. on April 23, and set up in a special room on April 26-28.

F 8

Since July 3, the Map has been distributed to all subscribers to the "Daily Bulletin" and since July 14 the morning weather report has been printed on the back of the Map.

Since November 10 the Map has also been exhibited at the Kowloon Ferry Wharf.

The Weather Report and Forecast is telegraphed daily to the Cape d'Aguilar Wireless Station in time for distribution at 1 p.m. It is broadcast again at 5 p.m.

An evening Weather Report and Forecast, based upon the 2 p.m. observations from about 30 stations, has been issued since 1923, June 1. It is broadcast by the Cape d'Aguilar at 8 p.m., and since December 15 has been repeated at midnight.

Monthly Meteorological Bulletin.-The monthly Meteorological Bulletin, which includes the Daily Weather Report, was published as usual, and distributed to the principal observatories and scientific institutions in different parts of the world.

Monthly Seismological Bulletin.—The publication of a monthly seismological bulletin, giving particulars of earthquakes recorded by the Milne-Shaw seismograph, was continued throughout the year, and distributed to the principal seismological Observatories.

Miscellaneous Returns.-A monthly abstract of observations made at the Observatory is published in the Government Gazette, and monthly and yearly results are published in the Blue Book in the form suggested by the London Meteorological Office for the British Colonies. The monthly departures from normal of the barometric pressure at four China Coast Ports are communicated to the Commonwealth Meteorologist, Melbourne, in connection with long range weather forecasts. Monthly meteorological returns are forwarded to the Meteorological Magazine, and annual returns to the Stock Exchange Official Intelligence, the Colonial Office List and Whitaker's Almanack. Particulars of the calendar, eclipses, times of sunrise and sunset &c. are communicated to the Directory and Chronicle" and the "Hongkong Dollar Directory".

V.--WEATHER TELEGRAMS, FORECASTS AND STORM WARNINGS.

Daily Weather Telegrams.-Additional observations at 11h. and 17h., Hongkong Standard time, have been received regularly from Phu-lien since January 5, from Tourane and Cape St. James since February 1, from Shanghai and Gutzlaff since April 1. A similar service from Amoy is expected shortly. Observations from Hankow have been promised, but have not yet been received owing to the disturbed state of China.

Occasionally belated weather telegrams are received from South China, but as a rule the observations from these districts are posted in batches to Hongkong, as are those from Central China.

F 9

Extra Weather Telegrams.-The following stations send extra weather telegrams at half rate during typhoons, on receipt of certain code words from Hongkong:-Amoy, Canton, Macao, Phulien, Sharp Peak, and Taihoku. The Director of the Philip- pines Weather Bureau also sends extra telegrams, at his discretion, from Aparri or some other station nearer the typhoon centre. The extra 9 p.m. telegram from Swatow, kindly sanctioned by the Chinese Telegraph Administration during the typhoon season, was seldom received.

Weather Telegrams by Radio.-The following table gives the monthly number of ships from which radio meteorological messages have been received, and the number of messages received (each arrival and departure is counted separately) :-

Month.

British (including H.M.

Other National-

Total.

ities.

Ships).

No. of ships.

No. of

messages.

No. of ships.

No. of

messages.

No. of ships.

No. of

messages.

January, February, March,

12

16

20

21 36

45

37

22

46

38

588

64

48

85

66

I I I

60

106

April,...

20

33

22

36

42

69

May,

26

30

53

56

106

June,

48

61

94 109

179

July,

130

317

113 205

243

522

August,

108

272

124 255

232

527

September,

80

21 I

102 193

182

404

October,..

87

250

117

255

204

505

November,.

50

153

78

181

128

334

December,.

66

217

94

205

160

422

(1924,

665

852

:

1517

1923,

196

431

627

Totals 1922,

1921,

1920,

280

12 1

64

:

:

369

145

:

649

266

76

140

:

:

:

:

:

F 10

Beginning with April 25 all radio weather reports from ships were broadcast at 8 a.m. and 4 p.m., but as the Manila Authorities were unable to pick up the messages the practice was discontinued on 11th October.

The question of regular observations from ships by wireless telegraphy was taken up vigorously by the Chamber of Commerce, with the gratifying result indicated by the above table.

There is still room for improvement however. A Notice to Mariners giving particulars of what information is required is handed to masters of vessels by the Harbour Department. Copies are also sent to the shipping companies for distribution to their Captains. Supplies are also sent to the Master Attendant, Singapore, who has kindly consented to furnish copies to north bound ships.

An attempt is being made to standardize the form in which weather telegrams are sent out from ships. It is hoped that this will make the work less onerous and also diminish the risk of error.

Results of Weather Forecasts.-The results of comparison of the daily weather forecasts with the weather subsequently ex- perienced are given below, with the results of the previous five years :-

Total Failure.

Year.

Complete Partial Partial Success. Snecess. Failure.

1919

71

1920

1921

65

1922

67

1923

66

1924

71

P ADHAOI

%

%

27

64

30

30

30

3

30

24

www VIVEN

2

5

3

0 - 0 0 - 0

The forecast comprises wind direction, wind force, and weather. Complete success means correct in three elements. Partial success means correct in only two elements. Partial failure means correct in only one element. Total failure means correct in no element.

The method of analysis is described in the 1918 Report.

Special forecasts were issued to Majors MacClaren and Zanni in connection with their world flights.

Storm Warnings.-The symbols of the China Seas Storm Signal Code are displayed on Kowloon Signal Hill.

F 11

The following Ports are warned by a telegraphic adaptation of the code:-Sharp Peak, Swatow, Amoy, Santuao, Macao, Canton, Wuchow, Phulien, Taihoku, Manila, Labuan, and Singapore. 194 storm warnings were sent in 1924, 186 were received from Manila, and 65 from Zikawei. 14 were received from Phulien, via Quang Chau Wan Radio Station.

The Day Signals of the Local Code are displayed at the follow- ing stations:-

Royal Observatory

H. M. S. Tamar

Gough Hill

Standard Oil Co.,

Lai-Chi-Kok

Harbour Office

Green Island

Hongkong & Kowloon, Wharf & Godown Co., Kowloon. Field Officer's Quarters,

Lyemun.

The Night Signals are displayed, at sunset, at the following stations:-

Royal Observatory

Harbour Office

Railway Station

H. M. S. Tamar

Gough Hill

They have the same signification as the day signals.

A translation of both Day and Night Signals is displayed at the General Post Office and at the Upper Tram Station.

When local signals are displayed in the Harbour a Cone is exhibited at the following stations:-

Gap Rock Waglan

Stanley San Ki Wan Aberdeen Sai Kung

Sha Tau Kok

Tai Po

In the following table is given the number of hours the local signal were hoisted in each of the years 1920-1924 :

Red Signals.

Black Signals.

Bombs.

Year.

Number of hours hoisted.

Number of times fired.

1920

107

156

1921

94

121

1922

181

154

1923

181

252

2

1924

186

85

F 12

The figures in the above table include the number of hours that night signals, corresponding to the day signals, were hoisted.

The red signal indicates that a depression exists which may possibly cause a gale at Hongkong within 24 hours. The black signals indicate that a gale is expected at Hongkong.

Three bombs fired at intervals of 10 seconds indicate that wind of typhoon force is anticipated.

VI.—METEORological ObsERVATIONS FROM SHIPS,

TREATY PORTS, &C.

Logs Received. In addition to meteorological registers kept at about 40 stations in China, meteorological logs were received from 190 ships operating in the Far East. These logs, representing 7,222 days' observations, have been utilised for verifying typhoon tracks. The corresponding figures for the year 1923 were 178

and 7,139.

Comparison of Barometers.—The corrections to ships' baro- meters are usually obtained by comparing their readings while at Hongkong with those of the Observatory Standard. Occasionally ship captains bring their barometers to the Observatory to he compared with the Observatory Standard.

VII. MAGNETIC OBSERVATIONS.

Horizontal force, declination, and dip are observed once a month. In the dip observations 4 needles are used in rotation. the result for each month being the mean of determinations with two needles.

In the following table are given the annual values of the magnetic elements in 1924, as derived from observations made in the new magnetic hut with magnetometer Elliott 83 and dip cirele Dover 71:

Declination (west)

0.23.8

Dip (north)

30.42.8

Horizontal Force (C.G.S. unit)

0.37294

Vertical Force (C.G.S. unit)

0.22155

Total Force (C.G.S. unit)

0.43378

The vibration and declination observations were made with vibration magnet No. 55, and the deflections with deflection magnet No. 55 in unifilar Elliott No. 83.

Magnet No. 83 which was damaged in 1923, was repaired in England and used on return for declination observations in the New Territory, made with a view to selecting a site for a new Magnetic Observatory. Observations were made in the vicinity of Fanling and Castle Peak on eight occasions. No evidence of serious local magnetic attraction is shown at either site. The site must be accessible, as the photographic sheets of the magnetograph must be changed daily and absolute observations of Horizontal

F 13

Force, Dip and Declination must be made by one of the European staff at least once a week. The site must not only be free from any local magnetic attraction but must be safeguarded from possible building encroachment in the future.

VIII.-TIME SERVICE.

Time Ball. The Time Ball on Kowloon Signal Hill is dropped at 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., daily, except on Saturdays when it is dropped at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m., and on Sundays and Holidays when it is dropped at 10 a.m. only (120th Meridian Time).

The Ball is hoisted half mast at the 55th minute and full mast at the 57th minute. If the ball fails to drop at the correct time it is lowered at 5 minutes past the hour and the ordinary routine repeated at the following hour, if possible.

The flag system was in use from May 12 to 21, during re- pairs to the timeball apparatus.

Until

Time Signals are also given at night by means of three white lamps mounted vertically on the Observatory radio mast. November 30, the lamps were extinguished momentarily at the even seconds, except at the 2nd. 28th, 50th, 52nd and 54th of each minute, from 8h. 56m. Os. to 9h. Om. Os. p.m. From December 1st, the Manila system was in operation wherein the lights are -extinguished every second, from 8h. 55m. to 91. Om. p.m., except- at the 28th, 29th, 54th, 56th, 57th, 58th and 59th seconds. The 9 p.m. signals were repeated at midnight on December 31st, the Jasi flash indicating the close of the year 1924. The hours refer to Hongkong Standard Time (8 hours East of Greenwich).

The Time Ball was dropped successfully 649 times. There were three failures; on May 22nd, at 4 p.m., June 26th at 4 p.m. and December 18th at 10 a.m., one being caused by electrical defects, the remainder being due to negligence of the computer in charge at the tower. The ball was dropped successfully at the subsequent hour on each occasion. It was not raised on October

4th at 1 p.m. owing to high winds.

In the following table is given the number of times different. -errors occurred in the years 1923 and 1924.

Number of Times.

Error.

1923

1924

03 sec. or less

604

530

0'4 0°5

0'7

0.8

>>

29

44

"

12

37

7

23

+

10

TA

37

0'9

>

N

F 14

The mean probable error of the time ball in each month for the past five years is given in the following table :---

Probable Error of the Time Bail.

Month.

1920

1921

1922

1923

1924

January,

±0.17

±0.25

±0.10

+0.16

±0.26

February,

*30

*13

*15

14

13

March..

*21

44

12

'I I

*17

April.

*15

*27

*20

*18

*27

May,

*17

*16

•10

*13

*23

June,

13

*17

'I I

21

*27

July,

*22

10

'14

'12

August..

*I I

*10

10

*28

*16

September,

*24.

*20

*15

*24

13

October,

*15

10

JO

'15

•18

·

November,

*19

'10

'17

*21

14

December,

*13

*I I

10

*13

12

Means,

£0.18

+0.18 ±0.13 +0'17 ±0.19

Time Signals by Radio-Telegraphy.—In addition to the time signals given by the Time Ball, and on the radio mast, signals are sent at 10. and 21h. by radio telegraphy ria Stonecutters. Particulars of the programme are given in Government Notifica- tions No. 359 of 13.6.24. and No. 637 of 14.11.24.

Radio Receiving Set.-The radio receiving set was, removed to the old telescope house upon the west lawn ou April 30 and operated since that date by the Public Works Department. The telephone lines are extended to the clock room so that time signals may be observed as before with the added advantage of expert tuning.

242 comparisons were obtained with the Manila Observatory via Cavite. The mean result makes Manila 0.88 sec. Fast on Hongkong. It should be noted, however, that the comparisons fall into two distinct groups as follows.-

No. of Com-

parisons.

Mean Result.

Secs.

January to April (inclusive)

100

Manila 1.20 fast on H.K.

142

Manila 0.67 fast on H.K.

May to December (inclusive)

No change has been made in the time service routine at this Observatory. The actual change appears to have occurred on or about April 25th, 5 days before the transfer of the receiving set to fresh quarters.

F 15

Between September 3 and November 1, 13 comparisons were obtained with Bordeaux, by means of observed coincidences of the Dent Sidereal clock with the rhythmic beats emitted by Bordeaux. The results are in close agreement, and, assuming the correctness of the Bordeaux signal, the E. longitude of Hongkong would appear to be 0.56see too great. A similar investigation of 26 com- parisons with Tokio makes the Hongkong longitude E. 0-59ser too great, although the agreement of the observations leaves much to be desired, no doubt owing to the nature of the Tokio signals ( a dash of 1 second duration at the termination of each minute.)

Transit Instrument.—Observations for time were made chrono- graphically by the Chinese computers, and were supplemented by eye and ear observations of the sun's limbs, circumpolar, and other stars made by the Chief Assistant for the purpose of checking the -computers observations, and determining the errors of the instru-

ment.

The number of observations in the years 1923 and 1924 were as follows:-

Transits,

Level determination, Azimuth,

Collimation,

1923

1924

..1424

1447

787

864

52

69

20

66

The renovated Troughton and Simms transit instrument was received from England on March 31 and brought into regular use on April 9. There are two eye ends one arranged for automatic registration, on the chronograph, of each revolution of the micrometer head as a travelling wire crosses the field, and oue for ordinary manual signals by a tapper key. The latter has not been in use to date as the former is easily adaptable to observing by -either method. Observations made by means of the travelling wire were made until August 18, since when the tapper has been used as formerly; the Chinese staff not acquiring the accessary dexterity in the manipulation of the travelling wire. It is proposed to make a further trial with the travelling wire micrometer when the Chinese staff have had more experience with the instrument.

The 2 non-reversible transit by Dolland, kindly loaned by the Singapore Government was returned early in April.

Clocks. The performance of the Standard Sidereal Clock (Dent 39741) has been characterised by a steady increase in the losing rate since April. It varied from-0.70sec. on April 2 (Bar. 29:54 Temp. 72·°8) to +0:31see on December 17 (Bar. 30'10 Temp. 650). This approximates to its performance during the last two

years.

F 16

In the following table is given the excess of the observed error of Dent No. 39741 over the computed error during cloudy periods in 1924 :-

Interval without!

Date 1924.

observations.

Excess of observed over computed error.

sees.

January

16

28

9

">

February I

3

>>

9

*9

19

9

26

??

March

""

3

2

9

2

21

I I

""

>>

25

3

April

10

14

13

2

"

19

""

"

29

May

4

+

8

17

K

2

Nami a6 ~ ~ ~ + N in tot my sugen p

2 days

0.09

0'50

0'37

27

+0.38

"

0:08

""

0*03

+ 0.10

"}

0'24

"

0'03

"J

-

0'37

""

A

"2

A

3

""

27

A

""

24

2

""

31

3

June

24

15

July

16

22

25

""

August

"

25

September 13

""

October

""

12

9

17

6

November 23 December 7

4

min 4MN ION MON MMN +

3

""

2

""

$7

2

""

3

37

"

3

"

2

""

+ 0.37

J

0°32 + 0.27

+ 040

+ 077

+ 0.10 + 0.98

+ 0·66

+ 0.10

+ 0°32 + 046

+ 0.02

0*23 + 0.02

+ 0.25

-

0'13

O'20

+ 0.31

0°24

+ 0.40

The new Sidereal clock (Cottingham and Mercer No. 507) was received on December 12. It is of the Cottingham type and was constructed by Mr. Thomas Mercer of St. Albans. The pendulum and movement are enclosed in an hermetically sealed case in which the pressure of the air can be regulated as desired. Driving power is supplied by a gravity arm remounted electrically every 36 seconds. At the termination of the year 1924, adjustments were in progress. It is hoped to bring the clock into regular use early in 1925, and to take the opportunity of thoroughly overhaul- ing Dent No. 39741.

F 17

The Mean Time clock (Dent No. 39740) was in use until November 30, for dropping the Time Ball, maintaining the electric time service in the Observatory, and sending hourly signals to the Railway, the Post Office, the Telephone Co., and the Eastern Ex- tension Telegraph Co. The clock is corrected daily before 10 a.m. and before 4 p.m. by the electric regulating apparatus. The daily rate of the pendulum is kept below 0.5sec. by the addition or reino- val of weights.

Since December 1, Mean Time clock (Leroy No. 1350) has been used for the above purpose. This clock was received on September 23, and operates the time service through two dials with half seccond pendulums which it effectually drives and syn- chronises by means of an electric impulse each second. It also actuates an apparatus for emitting Radio time signals in accordance with the new International System (See Government Notification No. 637 of 14.11.24).

The Brock clock was mounted in the seismograph underground. room on January 10, for use in connection with the seismograph.

Chronometer Dent No. 40917 is on loan to Stonecutters Radio Station, and Dent No. 40912 is on loan to the P.W.D. Radio Sta- tion at the Observatory.

Batteries, Power Supply, &c.-The necessary current for the Time Service has been supplied by accumulator batteries, charged as found necessary from the alternating mains of the China Light and Power Co. Ltd., by a rotary converter. The Tungar rectifier and 3 Delco Cells are on loan to the P.W.D. radio station at the Observatory.

IX.-MISCELLANEOUS.

Seismograph.—149 earthquakes were recorded during the year by the Milne-Shaw Seismograph, as against 141 in 1923. The seismograms have been forwarded to the President of the Seismological Committee, Oxford. A slight earthquake shock was felt at 10:45 p.m. on January 10.

Upper Air Research.-49 flights with pilot balloons were made during the year. The results of the observations have been sent to the Commission International pour l'exploration de la haute atmosphere, Kristiania.

Flying Officers Martin and Isaacs of H.M.S. Pegasus visited the Observatory on December 1 and 12 and kindly furnished copies of temperature observations made during four flights over Hongkong. The results are shown graphically on two charts appended to this Report.

F 18

Peak Anemograph.-The Anemograph at the Peak Signal Station was repaired by the Public Works Department and brought into use again on January 14.

Transit of Mercury.-On May 8 the sun rose with Mercury on its disc. Passing clouds were prevalent throughout the morn- ing. From transient views of the sun from 1.30 p.m. the estimated time of external contact at egress was 1h. 36m. 16s., as compared with the computed time of 1h, 38m. 5s.

Visit to other Observatories.—In May and June, the Director visited the Observatories at Shanghai, Pekin and Kobe.

The Director of the Pekin Observatory very kindly promised to send twice daily to the Hongkong Observatory weather telegrams from Taiying, Kalgan, Shanghai-Kwang and Newchang. They have since been received sporadically in batches. They would be an invaluable addition to the Chefoo observations if received in time for the Daily Weather Maps.

The Director of the Kobe Observatory was asked to consider the possibility of adopting the Hongkong code for the daily weather telegrams, by which pressure, temperature, humidity, wind direction and force, and weather, can be transmitted by means of 6 letters, whereas the code used by the Japanese Author- ities gives only pressure and wind direction and force, by means of 4 letters.

Negotiations on this subject, and also on the subject of observations from the Loochoos and Ishigakijima at additional hours are still pending.

The question of an uniform procedure on the matter of wireless time signals was discussed with the Directors of the Kobe and Shanghai Observatories. It is desirable that its probable error should be signalled immediately after the time signal, and also that the exact error should be circulated later. It is also desirable to know whether the signal sent is based on a computed clock correction or in cases of cloudy weather, for instance, a clock error obtained from wireless time signals from other Observatories.

Arrangements were made with the Director of the Shanghai Observatory for the exchange of typhoon warnings and for observations at additional hours from Shanghai, Gutzlaff, Hankow, and Amoy.

The question of a wireless station on the Pratas Shoal was discussed with the Inspector General of Maritime Customs and the Coast Inspector. There are hopes of its early erection by the Chinese Customs.

F* 19

Visitors.--22 boys of the Diocesan School visited the Observatory on January 24. 20 boy scouts on July 29, a like number from the Chinese Y.M.C.A. on October 4 and 25 boys from St. Stephen's College on November 1.

Staff-No change occurred in the European Staff during the year. Mr. C. W. Jeffries acted as Director of the Observatory during the absence of Mr. T. F. Claxton from May 19 to June 23 and Mr. B. D. Evans acted as Chief Assistant.

Chan Lai Man, IVth class Telegraphist-Computer resigned où August 9.

Chan Ying Yau and Lok Kwai Man were appointed Vth class Telegraphist-Computers, on October 1.

Expenditure. The annual expenditure on the Observatory for the past ten years is as follows

Year,

Total Expenditure.

:

Increase.

Decrease.

C.

$

C.

1915

23,233.12

2,165.19

1916

21.977.78

1,255.34

1917

26,890.50

4,192.72

1918

20,028.24

6,862.26

1919

23,450.57

3,422.33

1920

25,965.66

2,515.09

1921

32,700.51

6,734.85

1922

38,350.10

5,649.59

1923

38,522.58

172.48

1924

52,638.49

14,115.91

Acknowledgements.-Acknowledgements are here made to the Directors of Weather Services in the Far East, and the Chinese Maritime Customs authorities, for daily observations and extra observations during typhoon weather, to the Telegraph Companies for transmitting the observations free of charge, to the Com- manders of vessels who have furnished meteorological observations by post and by radio telegraphy, to the Directors of the various Observatories and Institutions, and private persons, who have presented their publications to the Library, and to the Observatory staff for the efficient manner in which they have carried out their respective duties.

1925, February 20.

T. F. CLAXTON,

Director.

BULB

READINGS TAKEN DURING RESEARCH FLIGHT AT HONGKONG ON 26TH NOVEMBER, 1924.

5000

6000

7000

8000

9000

10000

**

70°

11000

12000

13000

14000

15000

Took off 0700.. Landed 0925

65°

Readings of millibar aneroid at start-

1025.

Finish.

1024.

+60°

(Seaplane on deck and propeller at rest.)

Thermometer in screen at

START Dry 58.2. FINISH 62

} Dry 58.2.

-Wet 51.

do 53.

55′

Barometer on bridge at

START Dry 1023.2

FINISH do 1024.5

Height of Barometer and thermometers in screen above MSL..

50°

27 feet.

45°

5000

6000

7000

Height in

8000

feet.

9000 ·

10000

11000

12000

13000

14000

15000

40°

35°

30°

25°

20°

15°

Appendix G.

REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR OF THE SUPREME COURT FOR THE YEAR 1924.

1.-ORIGINAL JURISDICTION.

Three hundred and fiftysix (356) actions were instituted in this division of the Court during the year 1924, as against 275 in 1923. One hundred and ninety five (195) were disposed of dur- ing the year, 60 being settled or withdrawn before trial as against 168 and 38 respectively in 1923.

The claims amounted to $2,043,277.97.

Not including 1 amounts-viz. one for £1,064 2s. 2d. and the other 3 for Gold $4,500 $67,500, and $50,000.

The debts and damages recovered amounted to $1,432,883.86 as against $1,550,436.35. ·

The fees collected amounted to $14,642.95 as against $12,166.40 in 1923.

Tables setting ont in detail the figures contained in this and the following paragraphs are printed at pages 01, 02, Y2 and Y3 of the Blue Book for the year 1924.

2. SUMMARY JURISDICTION.

Three thousand two hundred and forty three (3,243) actions were instituted during the year as against 1,913 in 1923.

The cases were disposed of as follows:-- Settled or withdrawn 1,195, Judgment for the Plaintiff 1,280, Judgment for the De- fendant 74, Nonsuit 6, Struck off, Dismissed, or Lapsed 41, and Pending 647 as against $56, 645, 29, 2, 41 and 365 respectively in 1923

The claims amounted to $607,632.27 as against $355,439.12 in 1923, and the amounts recovered were $267,290.98 as against $127,916.621923.

The number of Rent Distress Warrants issued was 685, repre- senting unpaid rents amounting to $100,843.94 of which $20,709.13 were recovered, as against 467, $62,709.06 and $14,610.60 respectively in 1923.

Five hundred and forty (540) Warrants were withdrawn on settlement between the parties as against 369 in 1923.

The fees collected amounted to $5,054.50 as against $3,088.00 in 1923.

G 2

3.-CRIMINAL JURISDICTION.

There were 118 cases and 164 persons committed for trial at the Criminal Sessions, as against 146 and 209 respectively in 1923.

The number of the persons actually indicted was 157 of whom 137 were convicted and 20 were acquitted. Against 6 persons the case was abandoned. Against one person the case was postponed. In 1923 the figures were respectively 203, 167, 36 and 6.

4. APPELLATE JURISDICTION.

Seventeen Appeals were lodged during the year.

Of the Seventeen, five were dismissed, two were granted, eight are pending and the remaining two were withdrawn."

5.—-ADMIRALTY JURISDICTION.

Nine Actions were instituted during the year.

Four were tried, two were settled and the others are pending.

The fees collected amounted to $1,056.75 as against $584.85 in 1923.

6.- BANKRUPTCY JURISDICTION,

Fifteen (15) petitions were filed, 5 being creditors' petitions and 10 debtors' petitions. The figures for 1923 were respectively 17, 9 and 8.

The number of Receiving Orders made was 5, being 1 on creditors' petitions and 4 on debtors' petitions. The figures for 1923 were respectively 7, 3 and 4.

The number of Public Examinations held was nil as against 3 in 1923. There were 3 Adjudications as against 6 in 1923.

No Scheme of Arrangement was put through Three petitions were withdrawn, no bankrupts obtained their discharge, no Receiving Order was rescinded, and no petit was dismissed.

The estimated assets, in cases where Receiving Orders were made and not subsequently rescinded, were $21,102.90 and the estimated liabilities $64,324.77 as against $39,176.02 and $900,254.14 respectively in 1923.

The fees collected amounted to $1,880.45 as against $2,153.15 in 1923 and the Official Receiver's Commission as Trustee, where no Trustee had been appointed by the Creditors, was $3,297.62 as against $2,676.34 in 1923.

G 3

7.-PROBATE AND ADMINISTRATION.

Two hundred and fifty (250) grants were made by the Court

being :--

Probate.....

108

Letters of Administration

141

Declarations for Commissioner

1

250

The figures in 1923 were respectively 110 and 120 total 230.

Court fees amounted to $19,361.20, and Official Administra- tor's Commission to $1,094.51. The figures in 1923 were re- spectively $13,710.55 and $2,148.71.

There were 116 Estates vested in or administered by the Official Administrator during the year, representing an aggregate value of $122,385.19. The figures for 1923 were respectively, 116 and $117,032.02.

Eight (8) were wound up during the year, of the total value of $2,343.79 as against 18 in 1923 of the total value of $16,543.38.

Eight (8) new accounts were opened during the year amount- ing to $7,696.96.

S.-OFFICIAL TRUSTS.

The number of Trust Estates in the hands of the Official Trustee at the end of 1923 was 20 with Trust Funds amounting to $83,718.12. In 1923 if was $15,727.45. Three trusts were wound. up during the year. Six new trusts were opened.

The amount of commission collected was $388.06 as against $68.82 in 1923.

9.-REGISTRAR OF COMPANIES.

On the 31st December there were 505 companies on the Hongkong Register, of which 59 were in course of liquidation. During the year 97 new companies were put on the Register and 30 struck off. One company transferred from Shanghai to the Hongkong Register, and one company from Hongkong to the Shanghai Register.

The fees collected in respect of "China" companies amounted to $112,759.93, and those in respect of other companies to $22,012.70.

Two firms were registered under the Chinese Limited Partner- ship Ordinance, 1911, and no firm under the Limited Partnership Ordinance, No. 18 of 1912, was registered.

G 4

Deposits of the total value of $3,700,000.00 have been made by Insurance Companies under the Fire and Marine Insurance Companies Deposit Ordinance, 1917.

10.-FEES AND COMMISSION.

The total sum collected during the year by way of fees and commission amounted to $89,624.99 as against $69,955.20 in the previous year.

11.-STAFF.

H. H. Sir Wm. Rees-Davies, Kt., K.C., Chief Justice, pro- ceeded on three months leave on 22nd April and retired on pension on 23rd July.

H. H. Henry H. J. Gompertz, Puisne Judge, acted as Chief Justice from 23rd April to 14th October.

Mr. A. Dyer Ball, Cadet Officer, acted as Puisne Judge from 23rd April to 14th October.

Sir H. C. Gollan, Kt., C.B.E., was appointed Chief Justice on 15th October.

Mr. H. A. Nisbet proceeded on leave on 1st November.

Mr. C. D. Melbourne, Deputy Registrar, acted as Registrar from 1st November to 31st December.

Mr. J. H. B. Nihill, Cadet Officer, acted as Deputy Registrar from 14th November to 31st December.

Mr. T. F. O'Sullivan, Second Bailiff, proceeded on leave on 22nd March.

Mr. E. L. Stainfield, Clerk and Usher, acted as Second Bailiff from 22nd March to 31st December.

Mr. E. A. Roberts acted as Clerk and Usher from 1st January to 31st December.

C. D. MELBOURNE,

Registrar, Supreme Court.

Table showing total number of Cases dealt with in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the Supreme Court.

(From 1914 to 1924).

G 5

Total

Expenditure

Revenue

Number

Percentage of Revenue

Year.

of cases

dealt with

of

Total

Increase Decrease

Total

Increase

Decrease Expenditure

$

C.

$

$

C.

$$

%

1914..

1,091 | 107,780.92

9,429.90

*73,422.69

10,118.91

68.12

1915.

832 110,667.68

2,886.76

*63,382.63

10,040,06

57.27

1916.

753

105,252,44

5,415.24

*56,719.68

6,662.95

53.88

1917.

764

99,662.88

5,589.56

*48,334.81

8,384.81

48.48

1918.

931

98,281,40

1,381.48*68,032.72

19,697.91

69.22

1919.

982

98,844.23

562.83

*61,305.87

6,726.85

62.02

1920.

872 113,082.79

14,238.56

*55,957.31

5,348.56 1

49.48

1921

851 118,782.72

5,699.93

*58,830.97

2,873.66

49.52

1922.

827 126,424.34

7,641.62

*60,448.59 1,617.62

47.83

1923

962 128,838.62

2,414.28

1924.

1,549 | 136,136.69

7,298.07

*69,955,20 *89,624.99 19,669.79

*Not including amounts paid direct to Treasury for fees in respect of Licences to keep Local Registers by the Registrar of Companies under the Companies Ordinance, 1911.

9,506.61

54.29

65.83

Appendix H.

REPORT OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATES'

COURTS FOR THE YEAR 1924.

Mr. J. R. Wood proceeded on leave on 22nd March and returned on 13th November.

Mr. R. E. Lindsell acted as First Magistrate and Coroner from 22nd March to 12th November and went on leave on 15th November.

Mr. E. W. Hamilton acted as 2nd Magistrate from 1st to 8th January and from 23rd February and was transferred to Kow- loon Magistracy on 14th April.

Mr. C. D. Melbourne acted as 2nd Magistrate from 9th to 14th January.

Mr. G. N. Orme acted as 2nd Magistrate from 14th January to 23rd February.

Mr. N. L. Smith acted as 2nd Magistrate from 7th November to 31st December.

Major C. Willson was on leave from 17th May to 31st December. Mr. E. W. Williams acted as First Clerk from 17th May to 23rd July.

Mr. W. J. Lockhart-Smith acted as First Clerk from 24th July to 31st December.

The number of cases was 27,877 as compared with 21,811 in 1923 and the revenue was $261,372.23 as compared with $184,926.15 in 1923.

Table I shows the total number of cases tried and the Revenue and Expenditure of the Magistracy for the years 1915-1924.

Table II shows the list of offences tried during the year.

Table III gives an abstract of cases under cognizance of the Police Magistrates' Courts during the year.

Table IV gives a return of punishments awarded in respect of certain classes of offences during the year,

Table V gives an abstract of cases brought under cognizance of the Police Magistrates' Courts during a period of the last ten years.

J. R. WOOD, Police Magistrate.

1st April, 1925.

Table I.

Table showing total Number of Cases tried in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the

Magistracy for the years 1915 to 1924.

H 2

EXPENDITURE.

REVENUE.

YEAR.

Total.

Increase. Decrease. Total.

Increase.

Decrease.

Total

Number

of Cases

tried.

Percentage

of Ex-

penditure to Revenue

$

C. $ c.

C.

$

%

1915...

44,041.33*

1,234.18

75,130.13*

16,979.21

12,263

58.62

1916.

1917.

40,642.43*

38,510.07*

...

3,398.90 109,664.82* 34,534.69 3,132.36 75,391.17*

15,057

37.06

34,273.65

11,922

51.08

1918.

1919...

40,804,18* 2,294.11 40,774.23*

69,603.39*

5,787.78

10,051

58.62

1920.

45,539.94*

4,765 71

29.95 90,851.36* 21,247.97 103,132.51* 12,281.15

12,998

44.77

...

15,304

44.15

1921.

21,867.02**

23,672.92 149,195.72* 46,063.21

17,374

14.65

1922.

24,694.04*

2,827.02

1923.

24,532.48*

1924...

30,069.20*

5,536,72

159,928.50* 10,832.68 161.56 184,926,15*| 24,998.65 261,372.23* 76,446.08

* Cases tried in New Territories Courts not included.

18,221

15.44

21,811

13.27

...

27,877

11,50

OFFENCES.

Table II.

POLICE COURTS.

· LIST of OFFENCES TRIED during

the

year 1924.

NO. OF

CASES.

No. of

PRI-

SONERS,

OFFENCES.

No. of

CASES.

No, OF

PRI-

SONERS.

Brought forward

260

291

Accessories and Abettors Ordinance-3 of 1865

13

14

Offences relating to the King's foreign coin, (Sec- tions 15-20)

Arms and Ammunition Ordinance-2 of 1900.- Contraventions of

210

231

Offences against the King's coins, Miscellaneous (sections 21-22).

Bankruptcy Ordinance-7 of 1891

1

Common Law Offences

Births and Deaths Registration Ordinance-7 of 1896, - Contraventions of

14

21

Copyright Ordinance--11 of 1918

Boarding House Ordinance --23 of 1917

2

2 Coroner's Abolition Ordinance-5 of 1888

Boycott Prevention Ordinance-40 of 1912

2

Criminal Intimidation Ordinance--13 of 1920

2

223242

1

65

85

2

2

2

34

Chinese Marriage Preservation Ordinance-42 of 1912

2 Dangerous Goods Ordinance-1 of 1873.-

Coinage Offences Ordinance-7 of 1865,-

Offences relating to the King's gold and silver coin, (Sections 3-12)

Contraventions of Regulations made thereunder.. Dangerous Drugs Ordinance-22 of 1923

83

87

15

17

Offences relating to the King's copper coin, (sec- tions 13-14)

Defences (Sketching Prevention) Ordinance-1 of 1895.. Deportation Ordinance, 25 of 1917

6

134 134

Carried forward

260

291

Carried forward

586

650

H 3-

OFFENCES.

Table II,—Continued.

LIST of OFFENCES, ETC., Continued.

NUMBER NO. OF

PRI-

OF CASES. SONERS,

OFFENCES.

NUMBER No. of

OF

PRI-

CASES. SONERS.

H 4-

Brought forward,...

586 650

Brought forward,

710

780

Contraventions of

Dogs Ordinance-5 of 1893,-

Education Ordinance-26 of 1913,—

Part 1 (Sectious 1-6)

Employers and Servants Ordinance-45 of 1902,--

Proceedings under

Ferry Ordinance-28 of 1917

27 27

Gambling Ordinance-2 of 1891,— Contraventions of and Offences under

672 2,355

Gunpowder and Fireworks Ordinance-14 of 1901,- Contraventions of and Offences under

5

5

Importation and Exportation Ordinance-12 of 1922

19

20

60

60

Interpretation Ordinance-31 of 1911

1

1

Larceny Ordinance-5 of 1865,- Simple Larceny

Fisheries (Dynamite) Ordinance-4 of 1911

Fire Investigation Ordinance-8 of 1895

Forgery Ordinance—11 of 1922,-

Forgery of documents with intent to defraud (Sec- tions 4-6).

Uttering forged bank notes, (Sections 8-10)

Larceny of cattle and other animals, (Sections 9-17).. of things attached to or growing on land, (Sections 22-28)

22255

Forts Protection Ordinance-3 of 1891

Forest Officers Ordinance--32 of 1923

2

Carried forward,.

710

780

1,230 1,328

6

8

315

346

Larceny from the person and similar Offences,

(ections 29-37)

438

496

Sacrilege, Burglary and house breaking, (Sections 38-17)

59

68

Larceny in dwelling houses, (Sections 48–43),

47

95

"}

28

10

in ships, Wharvcs, &c., (Sections 50-53) or embezzlement by clerks, servants, &c., (Sections 54-60)

Frauds by bankers, agents, &c., (Sectious 62–74) Obtaining property by false pretences, (Sec. 75-78)... Receiving stolen property, (Sections 79–87)

10

5983

34

35

11

69

83

177

220

Carried forwardy.

3,803 | 5,868

OFFENCES,

Table II,-Continued.

LIST of OFFENCES, ETC.,—Continued.

NUMBER) No. of

OF

PRI-

CANES, | SONERS,

OFFENCES.

NCMBER No. of

OF

PRI-

CASES, SONERS.

Brought forward,

3,803 (5,868

Brought forward,

(10,450 14,216

Lice using Ordinance--8 of 1887,-

Marine Store Protection Ordinance-13 of 1919

3

3

Contraventions of and Offences under

3,027 3,043

»

Regulations made thereunder

930 938

Marrried Women (Maintenance in case of desertion) Ordinance-10 of 1905,--

Live Stock Import and Export Regulation Ordinance→→→→ 15 of 1903

Procecdings under

11

18

Medical Registration Ordinance-1 of 1881

1

2

(Sections 3-40)

III, (

71-96)

31

Magistrates Ordinance-3 of 1890.-

Offences under

Liquor Licence Ordinance-9 of 1911.-

Contraventions of and Offences under Part

Part II, (Sections 41-73)

Merchant Shipping Ordinance-1 of 1899,-

Contraventions of and Offences under Part VI, (Sections 21--30)

2

2

Contraventions of Regulations made thereunder

18

61

2,611 (1,264

#

ships, (Sections 33 -10)

Malicious Damage Ordinance-6 of 1865,

Injuries by fire to buildings and goods therein, (Sec-

tions 2-9)...

Injuries by crops and trees and vegetable productions,

(Sections 16-23).

Miscellaneous injuries, (Sections 42-44)

Merchandise Marks Ordinance-4 of 1890.- Contraventions of and Offences under

00

9

Misdemeanour Punishment Ordinance-1 of 1898.---- Offences under

86

86

13

New Territories (Regulations) Ordinance – 8 of 1899

8

9

2

34

47

Non-ferrous Metal Industry Ordinance-4 of 1922.

J

1

Carried forward,

10.450.14,216

Carried forward,.

|10.579 (14,890

– H 3 –

OFFENCES,

Table II,-Continued.

LIST of OFFENCES, ETC.,-Continued.

No. of

CASES.

No OF

PRI-

BONERS.

OFFENCES.

No. OF

PRI-

SONERS.

No, OF

CASES.

Brought forward,

|10,579 14,390

Brought forward,.

16,407 | 23,710

Offences against the person Ordinance-2 of 1865.-

Post Office Ordinance-6 of 1900,-

Contraventions of and Offences under

2

Homicide, (Section 2-9)

26

31

Attempt to Murder (Sections 10-14)

I

Prison Ordinance-4 of 1899,-

Acts causing or tending to cause danger to life, &c., (Sections 16-31)

Offences under

1

1

48

62

Assaults, (Sections 32-43)

516

617

Forcible taking or detention of persons, (Sections

Protection of Women and Girls Ordinance-1 of 1897,- Offences under

52

44-45)

28

53

Abominable offences, (Sections 50 -54)

2

Public Health and Buildings Ordinance-1 of 1903,— Contraventions of Part I, (Sections 1-7)

I

Offences against the person (Amendment) Ordinance-

1 of 1923

;"

"

""

II, (

III. (

IV. (

8-95)

505

514

96—235)

369

362

!!

236-250)

31

· 31

Opium Ordinance--30 of 1923,—

Contraventions of, Part II, (Sections 4-8)

154

173

};

>>

III, (

"

9---20)

5,0038,289

Pawn Brokers Ordinance-1 of 1860,-

Failure to comply with B. A. Notice

Public Places Regulation Ordinance-2 of 1870.--- Cont: aventions of Regulations made thereunder

100

100

S. B.

538

539

20

20

Railway Ordinance-21 of 1909

1

1

Contraventions of

Piracy Prevention Ordinance-23 of 1914,

Piers Ordinance 11 of 1899,

Contraventions of Regulations made thereunder

3

Police Force Ordinance-11 of 1900,-

Offences under

Carried forward,..

Reclamation Ordinance-17 of 1921

3 | Registration of Persons Ordinance-35 of 1923..

9

20

23

1

2

4

H 6 -

20

32

Regulation of Chinese Ordinance-3 of 1888,- Offences under Part V, (Sections 22 ---28)

35

35

16,107 23,710

Curried forward,

18,075 | 25,388

OFFENCES.

Table II,-Continued.

LIST of OFFENCES, ETC.,—Continued,

NO. OF

CASES.

NO. OF

PRI-

SONERS.

OFFENCES.

NO. OF

CASES.

No. of

PRI-

SONERS.

Brought forward,

18,075 25,388

Brought forward,

22.509 30,222

Rent Ordinance-8 of 1923

00

8

9

Theatres and

Public Performances Regulation

Ordinance--22 of 1919

2

2

Rogue and Vagabond 5 Geo. IV, c. 83

42

47

Tobacco Ordinance-10 of 1916

124

129

Seditious Publication Ordinance-6 of 1914

J

1

Servant Quarters Ordinance-11 of 1903,-

Tramways Ordinance-10 of 1902.- Contraventions of Offences under....

24

24

Offences under

3

7

*

Regulations made thereunder

1

1

Societies Ordinance-8 of 1920

23

63

Vagrancy Ordinance-9 of 1897,— Proceedings under

31

37

Stamp Ordinance-8 of 1921,—

Offences under

39

39

Vehicles and Traffic Regulation Ordinance-40 of 1912,- Contraventions of Regulations made thereunder

Stonecutter's Island Ordinance-4 of 1889,- Contraventions of and Offences under...

and Offences

4,610 | 4,634

393

404

وو

>>

24

56

Volunteer Amendment Ordinance-2 of 1922

1

1

Stowaways Ordinance-5 of 1903,—

Offences under

༤༠

19

Water Works Ordinance-16 of 1903,- Offences under

GO

9

Summary Offences Ordinance-1 of 1845,-

Nuisances, Trespasses and Similar

Weights and Measures Ordinance-2 of 1885.- Contraventions of and Offences under

(Sections 3-21)

H 7

18 18

Preservation Ordinance--

3

3

153

191

|27,877 | 35,675

Offences,

3,663 [3,749 255 455

366 888

Wild

Birds and Game 15 of 1922

1

1

Undecided Cases

22,509 30,222

TOTAL,

Offences against good order, (Sections 22—35) Possession of stolen goods, (Sections 36—41)

Proceedings under Miscellaneous Provisions, (Sections

42—51)

Carried forward,

CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENCES,

Table III.

ABSTRACT OF CASES under COGNIZANCE of the POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS during the Year 1924.

CASES, HOW DISPOSED OF, AND THE NUMBER OF MALE AND FEMALE PRISONERS UNDER EACH HEAD.

Ordered to find Security.

WRITS ISSUED BY THE POLICE MAGISTRATES DURING THE YEAR.

Warrants.

نت

}

M.

F.

M.

F. J. F.

M. F

Jl. F. M. I.

J. F. M.

:

:

Assaults and other offences |

against the person, Malicious injuries to property, Gambling,

Offences against property other

than malicious injuries to property or predial larceny, Offences against Revenue Acts," Highway Acts, Health Acts, and other Acts, relating to the social economy of the Colony, Offences against Opium Ordin- | ance No. 30 of 1923, Offences against Masters and Servants Acts, including Acts, relating to indentured coo- lies,.

Other offences,

676

851 373 B8

268 20 26

!

47

63

30

B

23

672| 2,355| 1,930 2.894| 2.705) 1,859 121

28

882

574 41

2.151; 2.178 1.836 57

240

5,155 8,460 6,860

$71 1,966

37

63 67 31

32

:

722222

|16,566 |18,802 (16,289 515

1,669

50

34

Total,

27,724 85,484 28,708 859 | 5,154172 | 171

87

12 26

:

:

2

22:

28

2E

31

:

:

:

ལྔ་

ř.

M. F.

M.

F.

18

3

801

74

8,414 24

58

5

2,312

43

2,536

171

:

19

I 2,130 68

22

8,348

134

68

:

:

177 33420 606

8 9,682

- 8 H -

1

54

:

:

:

:

115

595

10 18,332

95

13

176

15 B4,

1,090 34,585

8,414 24

177 33 420

606

$9,682

* TOTAL MALES AND FEMALES, -

35,675

107

48

* Consisting of Offenders not sentenced to Imprisonment.

Table IV.

3.—RETURN of PUNISHMENTS awarded in respect of CERTAIN CLASSES of OFFENCES, during the Year 1924.

PUNISHMENTS.

Assaults

and other

offences

against

Number of

Description.

each kind

the

person.

Malicious

injuries to

property.

Gam-

bling.

inflicted.

Offences against

property other than malicious injuries to pro- perty or predial larceny.

Offences against Offences against

Revenue Acts,

Masters and

Highway Acts, Health Acts, and

Servants Acts,

including Acts

Other

offen-

relating to

ccs.

indentured

other Acts relating to the social economy of the colony.

coolies.

:

:

H 9

Fines,

22,259

291

19

1,839

262

3,177

24

16,647

Imprisonment in lien

of fine or security,

1,740

19

23

145

253

Peremptory Imprison-

5,386

90

10

91

1,450

2,055

t

317

109

37

1,297

1,685

152

:

:

:

:

58

30.175

536

10

1,961

2,024

ment,

Whipping,

Solitary Coufinement,...

Exposed in Stocks,

Sentenced to House of Detention,

:

:

:

:

82

Bound over with or

411

128

Offenders'

without Sureties,

Juvenile

Prison,

TOTAL....

:

:

41

:

32

202

5,563

36

20,015

H 10

Table V.

4.—ABSTRACT of CASES brought under COGNIZANCE of the POLICE Magistrates' Courts during a period of ten years 1915-1924.

CASES, HOW Disposed of, and THE NUMBER OF MALE AND FEMALE PRISONERS UNDER each Head,

Punished for preferring false charge

Undecided.

Total number

or giving false testimony.

of defendants.

Escaped.

Commit-

ted for trial at Supreme Court.

Committed

to prison or

detained pending or- der of His

Excellency

the Governor.

Ordered to find security

Escaped before

To keep the

peace, to be of' good beha- flour, and to answer any charge.

being brought

for trial at the Ma-

gistracy.

48

15,320

446

72

17,625 52

42

14,311 570

49

11,665 345

39

2

13,678 475

1

2

3

4

5

6 7

8

9

10 11

12

13 14 15

16

17

18

19

20

27

M.

F.

M.

F.

M. F.

M.

F.

M. F. M.

M. F. M. M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

Year.

Total number of

cases.

Convicted and punished.

Discharged.

1915,

12,263

12,788

305

2,056

111

149 10

7

272

20

1916,...

15,057

14,881 455

2,233

96 116

4

10

313 40

1917, ... 11.922 11,727 441

2.168

92 119 3

6

248 34

$25

1918,

9,805

1919,

9,359 378 1,947 127 117 10

12,961 13,788 364 1.662

197 41

108 146

2

76

Total,..

62,008 62,5431,938 10,066 534647 29 25

:

1,108 142

Averago per Year,

|12,401-6 [12,508-6887-6 | 2,013-2 106-8 129-4 5-8

15,267 15,520 517 1,541 119 136

10

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

..་

:

C

5

2212 28

*2

ہے۔

4

:

1920,.

1921,

17,874 18,726 695 2,247

151 85

1922,

18,535 18,338 614 2.018

76198

1923, 21,720

22,975 366 3,190

72 1246

:

1924, ... 27.724 28,708

628

,151

172 171

6

Total,- 108 620101,267 3,041

14,150

590 836

19

19

:

:

143 19

178

216

*

te

30

204 17

#76 38

1,202 | 109

Average

per Year,

20124 20,853-4 | 608-2

2,830 118 1672 3.8

1.8

240.4 21.8

Grand Total for the

162,628 | 166,810 |4,979

24,216 | 1,124 1,483 48

34

2,808 251

10

Years,

Average

per Year,

7

16.262-8 16,681 497-9

2,4216 | 1124 |1483 48

3.4

230-8 25-1

:

250

2

72,594 2,631

39

50

14,518-8 | 526-2

1

35

17,380 665

1

38

21,275 864

35

20,835 722

98

26.773 450

176

15

34,585 | 1,00€

•1

:

ลง

2

332

29

120,848 8,798

761

5-8 24,169-6 | 758-2

632

31

193,4126,422

63.2

3.1 19,3442|6422

Appendix I.

REPORT OF THE LAND OFFICER FOR THE YEAR 1924.

1.-REGISTRATION.

There was a slight falling off in the amount or registration done as compared with the preceding year which was an abnormal one. During the year 1924 Six thousand (6,000) Deeds and Documents were registered under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1884 affecting Seven thousand one hundred and nineteen (7,119) lots of land. The total consideration on sales, mortgages, surrenders and miscellaneous documents amounted to $184,103,616.75 particulars of which are shewn in Table I. The total number of documents registered in the Land Office under the provisions of the above mentioned Ordinance to the end of 1924 was 95,114. The number of Deeds registered each year for the last ten years is shewn in Table III.

2.-GRANTS OF LAND.

The total area of land granted on lease during the year was 418 acres 3 roods 8 poles of which 410 acres 1 rood 36% poles was in respect of lands dealt with by the District Officers; the total area resumed was 294 acres 3 roods 143 poles; the excess of land granted over land resumed during the year was 123 acres 3 roods 34 poles. This is exclusive of quarries and lands let for short terms under temporary permits issued by the Public Works Department. Particulars of grants are shewn on page W1 of the Blue Book for 1924.

3.-SURRENDERS.

The outstanding feature in the work of the Land Office this year was the great increase in the number of resumptions carried through; Five hundred and fourteen (514) lots or por- tions of lots including several large farm lots were surrendered to the Crown in connection with various public improvements, in respect of which sums amounting to Two million two hundred thousand dollars passed through the hands of the Land Officer by way of compensation. The large area of the land resumed will to a great extent be set off at a later date by the issue of leases for lands which the Crown has agreed to grant in exchange.

4.-GRANTS OF LEASES.

The number of Crown leases issued during the year was 90 particulars of which are specified in Table II. The number of Crown leases issued each year during the last ten years is shewn in Table III from which it will be seen that this year has fallen below many of its predecessors; this is due to pressure of work in other directions as shewn in paragraph 8.

I 2

5.-FEES.

The total amount of fees collected by stamps, exclusive of the New Territories, during the year was $101,598.25 being $22,032.75 less than the previous year. Land registration fees in the New Territories amounted to $8,980.00 and Crown Lease fees to $170.00.

The amounts of fees collected under the different headings for the years 1915 to 1924 are shewn in Table IV where it will be seen that with the exception of last year, the total fees collected in 1924 is considerably in excess of the figure for any of the earlier years shewn.

6.-STAMP DUTY.

Stamp Duty paid on registered documents exclusivo of Pro- bates and Letters of Administration amounted to $934,748.35. Stamp Duty on Probates and Letters of Administration registered amounted to $335,946.95.

7.-CROWN RENT ROLL,

The Crown Rent Roll for Hongkong and Kowloon, and the Village Crown Rent Roll, were revised during the year, this is becoming an increasingly heavy task owing to the addition of a large number of new lots, particularly in New Kowloon. Village of Chai Wan comprising 725 holdings has been added to the Village Roll.

The total Crown Rent shewn on the Roll of leased lands in Hongkong and Kowloon (excluding the Villages entered in the Village Rent Roll) amounted for the year ending 25th December to $573,395.34 an increase of $24,318.87 on the preceding year, the net increase of lots appearing on the Roll was 158, these increases are mainly due to the grant of a large number of new lots in New Kowloon.

The total amount shewn on the Village Rent Roll for the year ending 30th September was $2,863.05, a decrease of $282.20 on the previous year. This decrease is due mainly to resump- tions at Hok Un, To Kwa Wan, Ma Tau Kok, Kau Pui Shek and other villages affected by the new laying out scheme now in pro- gress which involved the writing off of a larger sum than the increase caused by the addition of the village of Chai Wan mentioned above.

8.-DOCUMENTS.

The conveyancing work which is done in the Land Office has been steadily increasing of late years; the amount done during the year under review has been particularly heavy.

The old system of granting formal licences for carrying on offensive trades has been superseded by a less formal and more

I 3

rapid system of endorsement in cases recommended by the Sani- tary Department.

Applications for extension of time for complying with building convenants have not been as numerous as they were a few years ago and agreements are dispensed with as often as possible, only twelve were prepared this year.

The procedure mentioned in the two foregoing paragraphs has afforded some relief but work has increased enormously in other directions.

The following statement is a classification of the documents which were prepared in the Land Office during the year:

(a) Three hundred and fifty three Memorials for the re- gistration of Undertakings relating to Verandahs or Balconies over Crown land.

(b) Two hundred and eighty eight Deeds of Surrender in connection with resumptions for public purposes and improvements generally.

(c) Twenty eight agreements for surrender in cases which

could not be completed forthwith.

(d) Eighteen Deeds of Covenant relating to scavenging

lanes.

(e) Twelve Mortgages and Equitable Charges for securing Governinent loans or the due performance of public works.

(f) Three hundred and fifty six miscellaneous documents

and memorials.

(g) Ninety Crown Leases and Counterparts.

(Five hundred and twenty agreements for lease,

a total of One thousand six hundred and sixty five documents.

9.-NAVAL AND MILITARY.

A small portion of the Naval Hospital Compound at Mt. Shadwell was transferred to the Colonial Government for the pur- pose of improving Wanchai Road.

The signal station at Cape D'Aguilar was transferred to the Colonial Government by the Admiralty. A Memoranduin of the Transfer was in each case prepared and recorded here.

There were no dealings with land belonging to the War Department which necessitated any record here.

I 4

10. STAFF.

Mr. P. Jacks was on leave from the 22nd March until the end of October. Lt. Col. F. Eaves acted as Land Officer during that period, and Mr. T. S. Whyte Smith, who arrived in the Colony on the 22nd March, acted as Assistant Land Officer.

Mr. Wong Ki Fan VI Grade clerk left the service at the end of March and was succeeded by Mr. Cheng King Sung who left at the end of May and was succeeded by Mr. Fok Yuen Cheung who remained a short time only; Mr. F. Danenberg took his place in July.

Mr. Lai Ping Kwan was promoted from Grade VI (a) to Vth Grade at the beginning of November.

2nd May, 1925.

PHILIP JACKS,

Land Officer.

Marine.

Inland.

I 5

Table I.

Particulars of Deeds and Documents registered in the Land Office.

No. of Lots

Description of

Number

or portions

Documents.

Registered.

of Lots affected.

Total Consideration,

$

C.

Assignments.

1,466

1,605

58,092,667.55

Mortgages and Trans-

fers of Mortgages.

2,017

2,408

82,221,910.50

Reassignments and Sa-

tisfaction

1.375

1,616

40,268,832.50

Surrenders

312

464

1,310,486.50

Judgments and Orders

of Court.....

37

70

Probates and Letters of

Administration..

113

219

Miscellaneous

Docu-

ments......

680

737

2,209,719.70·

Total...

6,000

7,119

184,103,616.75

Hongkong.

Table II.

Crown Leases granted during the Year 1924.

Rural Building.

Garden.

Aplichau Marine

Shaukiwan.

Kowloon Inland.

2 11 12 2 1 2

27

1:ཀ

Kowloon.

Piers.

Inland.

New

Kowloon.

28

90

Total.

I 6

Table III,

Number of Deeds registered and Crown Leases issued during the years from 1915 to 1924.

Year.

Deeds registered.

Crown Leases Issued.

1915

2,154

166

1916

2,670

118

1917

2,824

135

1918

2,922

117

1919

3,021

114

1920

3,405

74

1921

4,466

84

1922

4,146

207

1923

6,837

209

1924

6,000

90

Table IV.

Fees collected during the years from 1915 to 1924.

Registration

Searches and Grants

Year.

of

Copies of

Deed.

Documents.

of Leases.

Total.

$

cts.

$

cts.

$

cts.

$

cts.

1915

32,305.00

2,719.00

5,455.00

40,479.00

1916

42,070.00 3,368.25

3,960.00

49,398.25

1917

43,478.00

3,199.75 4,870.00

51,047.75

1918

45,225.00 3,399.35

3,505.00

52,129.35

1919

45,896.00

3,486.90 3.102.00

52,484.90

1920

52,569.00

1921

3,849.75 70,617.00 4,235.00

2,870.00

59,288.75

2,685.00

77,537.00

1922

65,407.00 4.683.50 5,550.00

75,640.00

1923

109,671.00

1924

7,280.00 93,304.00 5,824.25 2,470.00

6,680.00

123,681.00

101,598.25

I 7

Table V.

Village Rent Roll.

Locality and Description.

No. of Lots.

Total. Crown Rent;

$

cts.

Victoria Marine Lot

346

78,986.91

>>

Praya Reclamation Marine

Lot

76

Inland Lot

1,997

8,161.91 225,225.07

Quarry Bay Marine Lot

2

Inland Lot

13

18,458.00 4,166.00

Victoria Farm Lot

10

435.55

Garden Lot

45

1,280.00

""

39

Rural Building Lot

208

36,910.24

Aberdeen Marine Lot

5

579.16

Inland Lot

75

2,229.28

Aplichau Marine Lot

24

156.64

Inland Lot

39

261.48

Shaukiwan Marine Lot

10

1,928.00

Inland Lot

211

4,188.08

Stanley Inland Lot

4

4.00

Kowloon Marine Lot

54

Inland Lot

1,132

43,544.13 80,812.39

Garden Lot

1

1.00

Hung Hom Marine Lot

"

Inland Lot

Sheko Inland Lot

2

6,140.00

177

11,162.00

3

9.00

Tai Tam Inland Lot

1

1.00

Tong Po Inland Lot

New Kowloon Marine Lot

1

1.00

7

20,442.00

Inland Lot

512

17,680.00

Farm Lot

1,057.50

Rural Building Lot

1

Tai Po Inland Lot

42.00

480.00

Fan Ling Lot

1,192.00

Sheung Shui Lot

548.00

Sai Kung Inland Lot

500.00

Ping Chau Farm Lot

225.00

Mining Lot

2,560.00

Tsun Wan Marine Lot

New Kowloon Dairy

2,008.00

Inland Lot

7

1,538.00

11

482.00

Total

4,998

573,895.34

I 8

Village Rent Roll.

Locality and Description.

No. of Lots.

Total Crown Rent.

$

cts.

Wongneichung

128

224.50

Aberdeen

22

82.50

Pokfulam

24

28.25

Tai Hang

156

629.50

Al Kung Ngam

25

18.25

Shaukiwan

31

19.50

Tai Kok Tsui

10

16.00

Mong Kok

1

1.00

Hok Un

44

142.50

To Kwa Wan

144

241.00

Shek Shan

11

20.50

Sun Shan

14

41.50

Ma Tsu Kok

9

18.00

Mati

5.50

Ho Mun Tin

9.00

Ma Tau Chung

81.50

Ma Tau Wei

82

151.50

Hau Pui Loong

14

51.50

Wong Tsuk Hang

2

34.50

Tai Hang Stream

17

72.00

Little Hongkong

2

3.00

Tong Po

2

3.50

Stanley

Tvtam

9

18.00

1

3.50

Tytam Tuk

2.50

Wong Ma Kok

2.00

Chai Wan

15.00

Shek O...

23.00

Hok Tsui

1.50

Chung Hon Bay

1

3.00

Chinese Joss House, Bowen Road

3.00

Victoria

1

Aplichau

46

133.00

Tsat Tsz Mui

35

99.00

Telegraph Bay

13

43.50

Hung Hom West

2

6.00

Little Hongkong

Shek O

Hok Tsui

Chai Wan

1,581

280.75

1,060,

172.50

'181'

34.50

725

126.80

Total

$

4,447

2,863.05

}

Appendix J.

REPORT ON NEW TERRITORIES FOR THE YEAR 1924.

A. NORTHERN DISTRICT

I. STAFF.

Mr. E. I. Wynne-Jones was in charge until the end of the year. Mr. Lau Chi Wa, shroff, was promoted from 5th grade to 4th class. on 1st May, and Mr. Chan Hei Wo, 5th grade clerk promoted to 4th class on 1st October. Mr. Lam Tin and Mr. Chan Ho Chi (probationers) were transferred from Treasury and Colonial Secretary's Office respectively on 1st February, for additional land registration work.

II. MAGISTRACY.

Table A shews the number of cases heard by the District Officer sitting as Police Magistrate and as Judge of the Small Debts. Court.

The continued increase in fines is due to the large number of opium cases, one fine being for $4,800.00.

III-LAND OFFICE.

The number of sales and other transactions affecting land which took place are set out in Table B.

The number of memorials registered was 2846 as against 3625 in 1923, the registration fees being $4,546.70 as against $6,046.16.. The decrease being due to the slackening of the land boom.

New conditions of sale were introduced and had the effect of stifling the outburst of wild speculation, which while bringing in greater revenue had no real effect on the development of the Territories.

The collapse of the land boom had the effect of most of the reclamation proposals put forward last year being dropped.

IV. REVENUE.

The Revenue collected in this Office is set out under the various heads in Table C, the total being $213,651.88. Table D gives the revenue for each year since 1919.

J 2

The following amounts were paid by the District through oth er offices :—

Liquor Duties, Sai Kung

Harbour Dues

"2

""

No. 1 Launch

??

No. 2 Launch

""

No. 3 Launch

15

"

No. 4 Launch

""

cts.

:

:

:

:

:

4,553.60

2,518.50

1,968.25

1,819.90

2,624.60

3,150.65

2,945.00

1,121.50

C. S. O....

559.00

14,287.53

144.00

...$38,692.53

Crown Rents paid to Treasury

Mining Licence Fees paid to Treasury

29

51

Tobacco Duties

Tobacco Licence fees

Total...

The total revenue for the Northern District during 1924 was therefore $252,344.41 as against $316,804.41.

V.-GENERAL.

Crops.-These as a whole were normal, without any special

features.

Crime.-There was a considerable increase in Serious Crimes reported as compared with 1923. This increase was largely due to the unsettled conditions prevailing over the border, where the Sun and Chan armies indulged in a continual war for the control of the Po On district.

An analysis of these crimes is given in Table G.

Eight of these robberies are known to have been committed by gangs from Chinese Territory, and some almost certainly by Chinese soldiers.

The murder took place near Pan Chung, the victim being an elderly man. Robbery was undoubtedly the motive. No arrests were made, there being an entire absence of clues or information. The manslaughter case arose from the collision between two Motor Buses at Lam Ti, Castle Peak Road.

The two drivers were tried at Sessions and sentenced to 3 years each.

.*

J 3

The work of widening the bridges on this road was proceeded with immediately after this and should reduce the risk of such fatalities. Of the robberies, in only one case could an offender be brought to book, when one of a gang who raided a shop in British Shataukok was arrested and subsequently sentenced to 10 years at Sessions.

A nest of Triad Societies in Taipo was discovered and six persons convicted and variously sentenced. This appears to have stamped out these Societies in the District.

Accidents. The number of fatal accidents reported, viz., 13, is largely due to the increase in motor traffic, six fatal motor accidents having been reported.

The remainder were for the most part accidental drownings.

Local Public Works.-Table E gives the works constructed from this vote. The large surplus is due to the fact that it was difficult to find contractors to take on certain works which it is. hoped will be in hand next year.

Rainfall.-Table F gives the rainfall for the year at Taipo, and the average for the preceding 5 years.

28th February, 1925.

E. I. WYNNE-JONES,

District Officer, North.

J 4

Table A.

1924.

Average from

1919-1923.

Cases heard,

355

300

Persons brought before the Police Ma-

gistrate,

563

409

Persons convicted and punished,....

373

325

Persons bound over,

26

40

Persons discharged,

160

119

Persons Committed,

4

6

Persons imprisoned,

115

105

Fines inflicted,

$18,988.50 $330,491

Warrants executed,

40

50

Cases heard,

Writs of Execution,

SMALL DEBTS Court.

105

194

33

148

Heading.

Permits, Li- No. of Sales, cences, etc. No. of Lots.

Table B.

Area in Acres.

**A

;

Increase of Annual Rent.

Decrease of Annual Rent.

C.

en-

Sales of Land for Agriculture

Brick-kiln and Yard

114

2

""

Building

251

22.92

19.27 acres.

35.78

179.00

2,011.00

27.00

3,978.00

15,331,00

75

75

(61,538.00

75

421

Garden

3

1.30

24.00

400,00

75

""

Orchard

3

11.20

14.20

...

3,449.00

75

""

""

Threshing floor

14

.48

2.30

249.00

75

"}

Water Tank

1

1

.03

2.00

15.00

75

Lime Kiln

4

.02

2.00

8.00

75

"

Kerosine Store

2

.02

1.50

9.00

75

...

...

""

Extension for Building

14

.20

10.50

65.00

75

...

...

>>

Conversions

12

13

.71

54.50

251.49

75

Exchanges

1

1

.03

4.00

75

"}

Permits to occupy Land for Agriculture..

""

98

34.14

90.36

1

14

9.78

21.14

5

""

>>

Amount of Premia, Fees, etc.

Amount paid

for Resump- tion of Land.

Term of Years.

Remarks.

— J 5 —

!

Heading.

No. of Sales,

Permits, Li- cences, etc.

No. of Lots.

Table B,--Continued.

Area in Acres.

Permits to occupy Other than Agriculture

>>

Stone Quarry Leases

$1

Re-entries,

Resumptions

Stone Quarry Permits

136

~ ~ ~

| | 80 |

85

774

1.93 acres.

3.32

• 176.00

9.81

28.68

""

Permits to cut Earth, etc.

292

Matshed Permits

185

Ferry Licences

5

Forestry Licences

276

15,500.00

Pineapple Land Leases

30

11.00

""

Water-wheel Licences

2

""

Grave Certificates

223

2,846

Increase of Annual Rent.

S

*

Decrease of Annual Rent.

3

€9-

Amount of Premia, Fees,

etc.

Amount paid

for Resump- tion of Land.

Term of Years.

C.

1.90

1.50

S

784.59

33.34

29.53

3,896.46

395.00

946.00

8.11.50

9.00

1,608.76

33.00

2.00

90.75

4,546.70

Deeds Registration and Fees

* 221 licences: Area 14,500 acres; Fees $1,470.00 in 1925 account.

Remarks.

- J 6-

J 7

}

}

Table C.

Revenue for 1924.

Average of

Revenue for

1919-1923.

C.

$

('.

Crown Rent, (Leased Lands), .. Kerosine Oil Licences,

Chinese Wine & Spirit Licences, Distillery Licences,

Pawnbrokers' Licences,

Money Changers' Licences,

Fines,

88,290.12

360.00

83,049.22

299.00-

4,725.00

3,743.75

2,690.25

2,484.60

1,400.00

960.00

420.00

530.00

2,624.00

321.55

"

Reward Fund, (Opium),

1,107.00

390.30

(Liquor

and Tobacco);

116.50

148.50-

"

Forfeitures,

Distress Warrants,

188.30

667.59

(Land Sales),.

15.00

38.60

38.00

150.20

""

93

(Crown Rent),

19.00

25.80-

Courts Fees,

House Rent,

Nil.

.68

Nil.

460.56

Liquor Duties,

13,373.71

7,211.66-

Arms Fine Fund,

Nil.

19.20

Arrears of Revenue,

366.70

3.28

Rent of Government Furniture,

Nil.

19.36

Other Miscellaneous Receipts,...

114.82

43.78

Forestry Licences,

1,608.76

2,846.45

Permits to cut Earth, etc.,

551.00

205.00

Mining Licences,

Nil.

40.00

Grave Certificates,

90.75

64.25

Pine-apple Land Leases,

33.00

29.14

Matshed Permits,

811.50

289.90

Permits to occupy Land,

383.73

750.83

Stone Quarry Permits,

790.00

249.40

Stone Quarry Leases,

784.59

1,004.75

Water Wheel Licences,

2.00

2.50

Ferry Licences...

9.00

9.00

Certified Extract,

255.00

131.00

Sunprints,

40.00

98.40

Premia on Land Sales,

85,943.20

28,405.20

Stamps for Deeds,..

4.546.70

2,705.87

Boundary Stones,

355.00

100.00

Deposit not Available,

1,539.25

525.63

Crown Leases,

60.00

36.00

Old Building,.....

Nil.

32.00

C-

Piers,

Nil.

4.50

Total,...

.$213,651.88

$138,097.45

1

די

→ 38

Table D.

Revenue collected from 1915-1924.

1915.........

.......

..$112,075.71

1920.......

.$1.15,865.45

1916.......

174,153.77

1921.

... 121,080.38

1917...........

117,095.84

1922.......

159,191.56

1918.......

120,244.93

· 1923....................

280,848.64

1919.......

117,174.51

1924.

209,105.18

Table E.

LOCAL PUBLIC WORKS, 1924.

Repair to a bund and dam at Ho Sheung Heung,

""

""

path at Yun Long Old Market,

bridge near Kwan Ti,

...

Improvements to the open triangular space at Tai Po

Market,

...

Unexpended,

...

$

260.00

...

200.00

...

450.00

100.00

3,990.00

$5,000.00

- J 9-

Table F.

Rainfall at Tuipo Police Station.

1924

January

February

Average 1920-1924.

inches

inches

144

January..

3.35

**8*02

February

4.58

March

1.82

March

3:40

April May June

5.23

April.

5.51

11.33

May

14.68

24.86

June

19.66

July

15'43

July

20.21

August

9.51

August

27.89

September

5.55

September

8.53

October.

12.22

October..

561

November

Nil.

November...

2:40

December

1.27

December

-55

Total

95.68

Total Average... 116 37

Table G.

On Land.

Murder and Robbery,

Manslaughter,

Attempted Murder,

Armed Robbery and Kidnapping,

Armed Robbery,

Attempted Armed Robbery and Shooting,

Attempted Armed Robbery,

Robbery with Violence,

Highway Robbery.....

Attempted Highway Robbery,..

On Water.

Armed Robbery........

(No other crimes in both years).

1924. 1923.

1

1

2

1

1

1

8

2

1

1

2

2

2

1

20

211

1924.

1923.

1

1

J 10

B.-SOUTHERN DISTRICT.

1.-STAFF.

Mr. N. L. Smith was in charge until March 5th; Mr. D. W. Tratman from March 6th until May 7th; Mr. J. A. Fraser from May 8th until October 16th., and Mr. W. Schofield from October 17th until the end of the year.

Mr. Leung Kong, 6th Grade clerk and shroff, was transferred to the Police Department on 1st July, and Mr. Ng Wah was engaged to replace him on the same date. Mr. Yeung Ki Sau, 5th Grade clerk, was promoted to the 4th Grade on October 1st.

2.-MAGISTRACY.

The District Officer sitting as Police Magistrate heard during the year 214 cases affecting 389 persons; 348 persons were con- victed, 41 were discharged and 84 imprisoned. The following table gives a comparison with 1922 and 1923.

1922.

1923.

1924.

No. of cases

127

175

214

No. of persons affected

242

403

389

No. of persons convicted

173

283

348

No. of persons discharged...

22

58

41

No. of persons imprisoned Fines

47

62

84

.$1,705.85 $2,739.21

$2,658.48

$183.25 $150.00

$1,412.78 $919.50

$372.04

$893.47

$85.25

$604.42

Forfeitures

Reward Fund (Opium)

Reward Fund (Arms Fines) Reward Fund (Liquor and

Tobacco Fines)

3. SMALL DEBTS COURT.

33 cases were instituted during the year as compared with 22 in 1923 and 56 in 1922.

4.-LAND OFFICE.

1637

The number of land sales and other transactions affecting land which took place in 1924 are set forth in Table A. deeds were registered during the year as compared with 1929 in 1923. Registration fees for 1924 were $4,433.30 as compared with $9,894.90 in 1923. The slump in land prices due to over- speculation in 1923 materially diminished the number of pur- chases of land, especially agricultural; the knowledge that con- version of such land to building land is always refused no doubt helped to check such speculation.

J 11

5.-REVENUE.

The total revenue collected by the District Officer is shown in Table B. Table C gives details of revenue collected in Licence fees by the Police in 1923 and 1924.

Table D shows the revenue collected in the District during 1923 and 1924 by all Departments other than the District Office and includes the totals in Table C.

Table E shows comparatively the total revenue collected from the Southern District by all Departments during the last three- years.

6.--LIQUOR.

Liquor duties collected in the Southern District during 1924 amounted to $155,014.24. The total for 1923 was $162,651.40. The chief sources of this revenue are given in the following Table which shows the totals of the last three years:

District.

No. of Distilleries

in 1924.

Revenue 1922.

Revenue 1923.

Revenue

1924.

Sham Shui Po, .

3

$42,993.54 $38,182.50

$29,354.60

Kowloon City,

1

18.030.60

17,885,00

19,880.00

Tsun Wan,

11

68,223.36

96,450,08

95,999.38

Kwai Chung,

1

11,086.67

6,500.00

4,560.00

Kap Shui Mun,...

2

189.60

224.40

189.00

Cheung Chau,

1,292,90

1,398.60

1,560.30

Tai O,

3

1,243.52

650.24

1,592.32

Hang Hau,

5

2,385.92

2,137.94

1,685.76-

Po Toi,

17.92

55.01

25.60

Tsing I.....

1

91.00

110.00

95 60

Mang Kung Uk,..

55.68

57.60

71.68

7.-GENERAL.

In two respects the district has suffered a setback. The land boom of 1923 was followed by a slump, causing a return to normal values for land, and temporarily crippling those who had been ex- pecting to convert or exchange their land and put up tenement houses. This discouragement of building has led to a falling off in the demand for lime, and forced the limekiln owners to cut down expenses.

The other factor causing a setback has been an extremely poor fishing season. The 'Wong Fa' fish, a migratory species, appeared in small numbers, and shrimps, used principally for making shrimp paste, were extremely scarce, and in spite of higher prices the fish trade is now suffering from great depression.

J 12

On the other hand, the crops everywhere are reported to have been good; both padi and dry crops gave good returns.

Tai O had a bad year. It depends almost entirely on fishing, and the severe depression in that industry led to bad business among the shopkeepers and a reduced output of salt, 19,000 piculs as against 22,000 in 1923. The catch of fish of all kinds reported was only 10,000 piculs compared with 35,800 piculs the preceding year.

26 small police cases were dealt with during the year. No serious crime was reported in the district.

The path from Tai O to Tung Chung was repaired; the cost was contributed half by Government and half by the inhabitants of the two places.

Cheung Chau was also badly hit by the fish shortage. Two salt fish dealers gave up business at the end of the year. The distilleries' business appears to have been affected, as it was not as good as last year; most of the wine is sold to junks. The quarry

did even better business than last year; $5,000 worth of granite was sold for building purposes in the island; none was exported.

1924 is the first complete year in which the Ferries Ordinance has been applied to the island. Experience shows that the great- ly increased cost of running the ferry under the new conditions makes it unprofitable to keep more than one launch in service during the winter months, when first class passenger traffic is slack. Further, less money is now available for municipal pur- poses from the launch profits; hence market stall fees are to be raised from $2.50 to $5.00 a month.

The number of European residents during the summer months was the same as last year. The new Assembly Hall was opened by Lady Severn in July, 1924.

There were 238 deaths during the year; in 1923, 170 were reported.

Ping Chau now has 12 limekilns; the population has in- creased by about 20% during the year. One result of the in- creased demand for coral and shell for lime burning is that the supply of this material around Ping Chau and Cheung Chau is rapidly diminishing. A large limekiln has been built on Nei Kwu Chau.

Serious crime appears to be on the increase in this district. One murder, one poisoning, one manslaughter, four robberies, and 22 larceny cases are reported from the Cheung Chau police district. The manslaughter and one armed robbery took place on Cheung Chau, the murder and one armed robbery on Ping Chau.

ނ ދ"

J 13

——

Tsun Wan and Tsing Yi depend far more upon agriculture than on fisheries, and as 1924 was a very good season this dis- trict prospered. The pineapple crop in particular was abundant and prices high. The second padi crop was slightly damaged by wet. Production of lime in Tsing Yi decreased by 30,000 piculs compared with last year, the amount being 120,000 piculs; the price obtained was $1 a picul. The export of pigs fell off. 1400 head as against 1800 in 1923. The catch of fish was extremely poor, not enough for local consumption.

Other industries are: manufacture of sandal-wood powder, beancurd making, and soy and preserve manufacture, all of which are prospering. Two new industries have been started, a dyeworks and an olive preserving factory. The health conditions remained good.

Recent large sales of land for industrial and building purposes indicate that this district is about to undergo rapid development as a seaport.

Lamma had a good year, both padi and dry crops giving a good return. There were no special events calling for notice.

Junk Bay district and Hang Hau also prospered during the year; several purchases of agricultural and building land took place, indicating that there is more money in the district than usual.

27th April, 1925.

W. SCHOFIELD, District Officer, South.

Headings.

Table A.

No. of

Amount

Increase

Decrease Amount

Sales, No. Area Permits, of Licences, Lots. Acres.

of

of

of

in

Crown

Crown

Rent.

Rent.

Premia,

Fees, &c.

&c.

paid for

Resump-

tion of

Land.

Term

of

years.

- J 14 -

Land Sales for Buildings (Mainland).

32

33

2:00

177.50

>>

Agriculture (Mainland)

3

•15

.30

Land Sales for Buildings (Islands)..

53

53

5.91

439.00

"}

31

33

Agriculture (Islands).

3

17

*99

3.10

te

&.

1,085,00

(15,624.24

635.00

75

18.00

75

75

75

Conversions (Mainland)

15

(Islands)

*69

34.50

75

111 112

Stone Quarry Lease

230'00

600.00

3

Permit

"

"

Permits to occupy Land

Matshed Permits

Earth Permits

Forestry Licences

2

31.55

400.00

1

58

468.95

717

1,229.50

550

2,462.00

124

1,756.55

Pineapple Leases

Deeds Registered

Resumption

Surrender

Re-entry

403

802.60

1,637

4,433,30

432

16.175

704.77

18,364.46

33

1.29

4.60

142

7.05

81.95

ނ

J 15

Table B.

Revenue collected by the District Officer, Southern

District, New Territories.

1923.

1924.

C.

$

c.

Land Sales

3,885.18

16,390.00

Boundary Stones

396.00

276.00

Permits to Cut Earth & Stone

2,183.50

2,462.00

Forestry Licences

1,666.08

1,756.55

Forfeitures

1,412.78

372.04

Fines

2,739.21

2,658.48

Water Wheel Licences

25.00

24.00

Deeds Registration Fees

9,894.90

4,433.30

Warrants of Attachment

23.00

56.00

Writs of Summons

42.00

Crown Leases

180.00

110.00

Legal Costs

Grave Certificates

11.25

6.50

Crown rent

29,401.26

28,263.63

Matshed Permits

973.50

1,229.50

Permits to occupy land

615.86

468.95

Pineapple Land Leases

819.27

802.60

Market Fees

1,191.00

1,340.70

Leases of Stone Quarries

725.00

1,050.00

Interest on deposit account

238.80

647.60

Miscellaneous Receipts

68.90

do.

(Certified Extracts)..

49.00

35.00

do.

(Sunprint plans)

85.00

15.00

Reward Fund (Opium fines).....

919.50

893.47

do.

(Liquor or Tobacco Fines)..

604.42

(Arms Fines)

85.25

do.

(Forfeitures)

102.00

Total.

$57,435.09

$64,193.89

1

Table O.

Licence Fees collected by the Police Department.

J 16 -

Station.

Distilleries.

Wine and

Spirit.

Pawn

Money

Kerosene. Dogs.

Chan-

Total.

Brokers.

gers.

$

$

€Ð

$

$

€9-

€Ð

$

C.

Kowloon City

1923

4,550.00

243

3,000

1924

4,550.00

291

2,250

1923

1,200.00

Sham Shui Po

7,200.00

438

8,000

150

7,793.00

7,091.00

16,988.00

1924

1,200.00

11,600.00

483

1923

50.00

650.00

52

Tai O

1924

50.00

650.00

62

1923

100.00

Cheung Chau

937.50

88

INNO

8,000

100

21,383.00

400.

50

1,202.00

400

800

60

1924

75.00

1,075.00

72

800

60

888

50

1,212.00

1,985.50

2,082.00

1923

532.00

462.50

24

Tsun Wan

1,018.50

1924

655.00

500.00

36

1,191.00

1923

50.00

Lamma Island

100.00

150.00

1924

50.00

100.00

150.00

Total

1923 $1,932.00 | 13,899.00

164

681

12,200

260

29,136.00

1924 | $2,030.00 | 18,475.00

170

774

11,450

210

33,109.00

J17

Table D.

7

Revenue collected through other Departments from the New Territories, Southern District.

1923.

1924.

$ c.

$ C.

Treasury, Village Rates

39,749.45

58,366.84

>>

(Crown Rent for Inland Lots).. 28,795.19

33,175.34

"

(Quarries in New Kowloon)

18,703.65

12,864.45

"}

Eating House Licence Fees

355.00

260.00

Harbour Office, (Harbour Dues, Stake

Nets, &c.)

... 19,378.55

18,407.40

Police, (Licence Fees)

29,136.00* 33,109.00*

Imports and Exports Office, (Liquor

Duties)

.162,651.40 155,014.24

Total,...

$299,769.24 311,197.27

* See Table C.

Table E.

Total Revenue collected from Southern District,

New Territories, during the last three years.

By District Office,.......

1922.

1923.

$ c. $ c.

63,386.75 57,435.09

1924.

C.

64,193.89

By Other Departments,......245,257.96 299,769.24 311,197.27†

Total,......$308,644.71 $357,204.33 $375,391.16

+ See Table D.

#

Appendix K.

REPORT OF THE CAPTAIN SUPERINTENDENT

OF POLICE FOR THE YEAR 1924,

SUMMARY OF CRIME FOR 1924.

The total of all cases reported to the Police during the year 1924 was 17,569 as against 14,200 in 1923 being an increase of 3,369 or 23.7%. The average for the last five years is 13,972.

In the division of these cases into serious and minor offences there were 4,509 serious cases in 1924 as against 4,011 serious cases in 1923 an increase of 498 cases, or 12.4%. There were 13,060 minor cases in 1924 as against 10,189 minor cases in 1923, an increase of 2,871 cases or 28.2%.

Table I shows the number and character of the serious and minor offences re- ported to the Police during 1923 and 1924 and number of persons convicted and discharged in connection with these offences.

The following table shows in detail the serious offences for 1923 and 1924:-

Table [

Offence.

Column 2

"}

Burglary

Part House & Godown Break-

1924

1923

10

50

69

60

13

61

There is

74

Charge Cases

Cases without

charge

Total

Charge Cases

Cases without

charge

Total

Increase total

Increase%

Decrease total

ing

11

46

57

60

67

:

:

.་

"

Larceny

1.449 1,185 2,634 |1,180

ཎྜ

980 |2,160 474 |21.9

3

ཝཱ

in Dwelling House

67 5721 639

51

509 560 79 14.1

.་

on Ship & Wharf

73

102 175

26

153

179

#1

Manslaughter

B

3

:

Murder

10

/15

25

7

15

22 3 13.6

Attempted Murler......................

7

14

5

19

:

""

Robbery and Assault with,

intent to Rob

35

113 148

40 134 174

Total

1,660 2,0918,751|1.3421,919 3,261

Other serious offences not

classified above

Serious offences total

758

750 8

4,509

4,011 198 12.4

:

:

Decrease%

14

18.9

10

14.9

2.2

:

12

63.2

26 14.9

K 2

Other Serious Offences in Table I not specially classified

above are as follows:

Column

5

674

Offences against Ordinance for protec-

tion of Women and Girls

Unlawful possession

Kidnapping

4 Part Cutting and Wounding.

">

Demanding money with menaces.

Embezzlement

""

55

""

Forgery

""

Receiving Stolen Property

33

53

Child Stealing

Indecent Assault

>>

>>

""

Throwing corrosive fluid

">

>>

Arson or Attempted Arson

Wounding and causing grievous bodily

Uttering forged bank notes ...... Falsification of accounts

Conspiracy

Aiding and abetting in a highway robbery Aiding and abetting in a Murder......

Accessory after a robbery with violence Other Misc. Offences in Col. 4....

harm

**

Rape

25

>>

""

35

"

>>

""

59

Having carnal knowledge of a girl

25

""

"

មក

1924

1923

63

63

372

325

22

11

41

36

28

63

71

18

9

66

27

3

7

3

1

12

12

...

21

2

24

4

1

1

2

1

1

1

I

93

150

758

750

Table 2 shows the Serious and Minor Offences for 1924 (under a different classification) with the number of charge Cases and Cases without charge. Number of persons convicted and Discharged, and Amount of Property Stolen and Recovered.

CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION DEPARTMENT.

1. Mr. T. H. King remained on duty as Director of Criminal Intelligence until 5th April, 1924, when he proceeded home on long leave. Mr. C. G. Perdue acted as Director of Criminal Intelligence during the remainder of the year, assisted by Mr. L. H. V. Booth with effect from 13th November, 1924.

2. The strength of the Criminal Investigation Department on 31st December, 1924, was :-

Inspectors and Sub-Inspectors

Sergeants Lance Sergeants Constables

European

12

4

16

Chinese

f 1 Insp.

12

20

97

1 Sgt. Maj.

K 3

3. While there was a large increase in the total number of cases coming under the heading of Serious Crime, the number of cases of Robbery, Murder, Attempted Murder, Burglary and House and Godown Breaking shows a decrease as compared with 1923. There was a small increase in the number of cases of Larceny in a Dwelling House, and a more considerable increase in Larcenies. Piracy continued to be a serious problem at the begin- ning of the year, and after the Piracy of the Sham Shui Po Ferry Launch "Kwong Shun On" on 2nd March, 1924, it was con- sidered advisable to engage further temporary searchers for ferries plying within the waters of the Colony. The strength of the searching staff for Outgoing Steamers and Ferries, on 31st December, 1924, was :--

Europeans

1924

1923

6

3

Chinese (regular)

39

30

Chinese (temporary)..

49

15

Total.........

94

48

1

Table III gives particulars of Piracies reported to the Police

during 1924.

GUARDS.

Number of Guards employed during the year :-

1924

1923

Steamer Guards (Indian)

371

326

Steam Launch Guards (Chinese)

18

22

Shore Guards (Indian)

406

420

Shore Guards (Chinese)

28

28

Special Guards, Lewis Gunner(Indian) 50

Total...........

873

796

Number of vessels which have entered into bond up to 31st

December, 1924 :-

1924

1923

Steamers

249

233

Steam Launches

45

40

Total.....

294

273

K 4

Police Guards are now divided into 3 categories, ¿.e., (1) Ship Guards (2) Shore Guards (3) Special Guards (Lewis Gun).

Duties.

(a) Ship Guards are supplied to Shipping Companies whose vessels come under the provision of the Piracy Prevention Ordinance. The majority of these men are ex-soldiers, and have to pass a course in rifle and revolver shooting, before they are eligible for this employment.

(b) Shore Guards are supplied to Firms and Individuals requiring Indian Watchmen to guard against theft, etc. They are visited at least 3 times a week by Police Officers either by day or night, to see that they are doing their work properly and efficiently.

(e) Special Guards (Lewis Gun). When the Piracy prob- lem became acute in March, 1924, it was decided to run the river steamers in convoy, the senior ship to be mauned by a Lewis Gun Section of 1 sergeant and 8 men. These Sections were originally supplied by the Military Authorities and later by the Indian and Wei Hai Wei contingents of the Hongkong Police. This tock too many men away from the Regular Duties, and it was decided to form a special squad of Indian Guards qualified to handle a Lewis Gun and rifle who would take over these duties. Pay: $25.00 per mensem, free uniform and free rations.

A cadre of 10 such men was formed from amongst the ship Guards and S.M. Nur Mohamed was sent to India to recruit a further 40 ex-service Lewis Gunners. On their arrival these men were put through a Lewis Gun course, and under European Police Officers took over the duties of L.G, section on board senior convoy ships.

Conduct :-A large number of cases of "Missing Ship occurred amongst the ship guards early in the year. Punishment for this offence by fining was found to be useless, but a sentence of a month's imprisonment with hard labour inflicted by the Marine Magistrate under the provisions of the Merchant Shipping Act was found to be an excellent deterrent to others, and very few cases occurred during the last 6 months of the year. were dismissed for misconduct.

38 men

Musketry.-721 men were put through a modified revolver course of whom 430 passed the requisite test and 291 failed.

Those who failed were employed on shore posts without arms.

K 5

IDENTIFICATION BY FINGER IMPRESSIONS.

Number of

Number of

Number of

finger prints

examined.

persons identified.

records filed.

Number of Number of convictions: convictions: Deportation under Market Ordinance. Ordinance.

1923

9.888

1.736

1924

10,658

2,281

6,533 10,513

54

560

115

684

Increase

770

545

3.980

61

124

Year.

DEPORTEES AND VAGRANTS.

Number of persons Banished from Hongkong.

Number of persons Discharged from Gaol.

Number of persons Deported from Singapore

and sent off.

Number of Vagrants sent from Singapore.

Number of Undesirables

arrived from D.N.I. and sent off.

Number of Vagrants sent from Saigon and sent off.

Number of persons, repatriated from Balikpapan.

1923 1,027

1,953

812

795

1,754

674

790

1924 1,261

2,908

912

784

2,346

1,793

129

Increase Decrease

234

955

100

592

1,119

11

661

PHOTOGRAPHY DEPARTMENT.

The Photography Department comprises two small rooms, separated by a fireproof partition. The entrance leads directly into the Studio which is laid out on a scheme resembling as near as possible that of the Photography Department, New Scotland Yard. London. From the Studio access is gained to the Dark-room and Laboratory adjoining by double doors; as in the Studio, both the apparatus used and the general lay-out closely resemble New Scotland Yard.

Since the Department was opened on the 9th April, 1923, the following is a summary of the work executed up to the 31st of December, 1924.

Photographs issued.

ایم

Size of Photo

1/1

12 × 10

To Criminal Investigation Staff Police Court and Supreme Court

480

260

==

44

35

24

321

Traffic Department

192

20

12

Divisional Inspectors...

12

120

6

Totals...

684

400

86

356

Grand Total.....

1.526

K 6-

The following is the list of Photos taken of the scenes of serious crimes

Murders

Armed Robberies Highway Robberies

Burglary

Fatal Accidents.

Fires

9

5

2

1

7

GAMBLING.

Three hundred and forty-four Gambling Warrants were successfully executed during the year as against 202 in 1923. There were eight cases in which no convictions were obtained.

There were eighty-one Lottery cases, compared with 74 in 1923.

PROPERTY REPORTED STOLEN AND PROPERTY RECOVERED.

The estimated value of property stolen during the year was $600,024.84 as against $657,671.44 in 1923, a decrease of $57,646.60 or 8.77%.

The average for the last five years is $610,893.90 as against $565,032.81 in 1923, an increase of $45,861.09.

The value of Property recovered during the year was $55,338,36 or 9.2% of the value of the Property stolen, as against $55,073.68 or 8.3% of the Property stolen in 1923, an increase of 9.0% in the ratio between the Property stolen and Property recovered.

LOST PROPERTY.

The following is a return showing Property lost or recovered:-

Year.

Articles reported lost.

Value

Articles re- covered and

Value of

articles

lost.

found but not reported lost.

found.

1924

415 $39,918.92

123

$8,051.30

1923

375

59,373.56

132

3,708.61

Weights and

Measures examined

Foreign Scales

Chinese Scales

K

Weights and Measures.

Correct

Incorrect

Total

156

25

i

181

1,008

56

1,064

Yard Measures

462

462

Check Measures

726

726

Liquid Measures...

3

...

Total........

2,355

81

2,436

The following prosecutions were instituted under the Weights and Measures Ordinance :-

Number of Cases

Convictions

Fines

15

13

$310.

Dangerous Goods.

The following prosecutions were instituted Dangerous Goods Ordinance :-

instituted under the

Number of Cases

46

Convictions

46

ARMS ORDINANCE.

Fines

$1,425.

Table IV shows Arms and Ammunition seized and con- fiscated during the year 1924.

Traffic Regulations.

The following prosecutions were instituted under the Traffic Regulations (Notification No. 377: Government Gazette of 26th June, 1924) :---(For the purpose of comparison, 1923 figures are also inserted).

Year

Prosecu- Convic- With-

tions

tions drawn

Discharged Remanded

Result

1924 1923

4,799 5.730

4,390

4,085

i

158 392

145

106

$17,937

327

23

$18,326

Manslaughter

1924

1923

بر شاه

2

-

K 8

Examination of Motor Drivers.

Persons examined

Persons passed

1924. 1923.

839

389

439 210

The total number of accidents reported during the year was

350 as against 267 in 1923:-

1. Motor Car

2. Truck.....

3. Ricksha and Chair

4. Tramcar.....

Total........

289

209

14

12

5

47

41

350

267

The total number of fatal accidents was 44 as against 33 in

1923 :-

1. Motor Car

2. Truck.....

3. Tramcar...

Total......

Motor Vehicle Licencing Season 1924-1925.

July 1st to 31st December, 1924.

33 24

44

33

Mechanical Transport Inspection.

Livery Cars examined and refused licences

28

Motor Buses

54

Taxi Cabs

23

Total.....

59

Livery Cars examined and granted licences......

154

Motor Buses

113

多多

Taxi Cabs

48

>>

99

Commercial Motor Vehicles

157

Total......

472

K 9

Livery Cars re-examined and found unfit for public use from various causes, and taken off the street to be re-examined

Motor Buses re-examined and found unfit for public use from various causes and taken off the streets to be re-examined

Taxi Cabs re-examined and found unfit for public use from various causes and taken off the streets to be re-examined

Commercial Motor Vehicles re-examined and found unfit for commercial use from various causes and taken off the streets to be re-examined

Total.............

The Total Number of Motor Vehicles licensed :--

From 1st July 1922 to 30th June 1923......1185 From 1st July 1923 to 30th June 1924................ 1663

Mendicants.

52

96

49

10

207

During the year 1924 one thousand two hundred and sixty two Mendicants were arrested and dealt with as follows:—

14 Mendicants charged before the Magistrate.

45

5

48

??

sent to Tung Wah Hospital. handed back to parent.

sent to Shanghai.

to Pun U.

>>

1

>>

""

1.

"

"

to San Hing.

6

let go by order of C. S. P.

sent to Canton once.

1,051

91

"

more than once.

""

Dead Bodies.

Table V shows the number of unknown dead bodies found by the Police in the Streets and elsewhere during the year.

Licences.

The following licences were issued during the year :—

1924.

1923.

Public Jinrikshas

· 1,925

2,038

Private

1,486

1,441

""

Public Chairs..

896

896

Private

191

243

""

Drivers and Bearers

25,561

29,404

K 10

Truck Licences

Motor Cars (Livery)

1,500

1,600

419

254

>>

""

(Private)

837

542

(Drivers)

1,657

1,184

.95

Cycle (Licences)

440

405

""

(Drivers)

491

475

Money Changers

206

212

Pawn-brokers

130

146

Chinese Wine and Spirits....

435

459

Auctioneer Licences

4

3

Billiard Tables and Bowling Alleys....

4

3

Distillery Licences

39

38

Marine Stores

33

30

Game Licences

364

329

Hawkers.......

8,515

8.947

Dangerous Goods

934

1,519

Poisons

18

23

DOGS ORDINANCE.

1924.

1923.

Dogs licensed

3,485

3,479

"7

(free)

23

20

39

Impounded

497

134

39

Destroyed.....

239

88

Sold or Claimed

50

46

""

The Dogs Home at Yaumati was handed over to the S.P.C.A. on 1st November, 1924.

PROFICIENCY IN LANGUAGES.

The following certificates were obtained during the year 1924 :—

1924

1923

Europ-

Indians.

cans.

Northern Europ- Chinese. eans.

Indians.

Chinese.

2nd

3rd

38120

32

6

12

10

00 - 3

19

31

2

**

Cantonese 1st Certificate!

Hoklo Ist

2nd

་་

Hindustani 1st

Mandarin 1st

2nd

"

3rd

.་

English

1st

53

Full 2nd

>>

10 00

21

7

:

In addition to the above, one Cantonese obtained full English Certificate.

K 11

ANNUAL MUSKERTY COURSE 1923-1924.

EUROPEANS.

One hundred and ninety-seven Europeans fired their musketry course and were classified as under :-

Marksmen

1st Class Shots

2nd

""

3rd

""

""

1924

1923

30

23

71

43

88

107

8

28

197

201

Sergeant Carpenter obtained the highest score, viz:-176 out of a possible of 200 points.

INDIANS.

Four hundred and ten Indians fired their musketry course and were classified as under :-

Marksmen

1st Class Shots

1924 1923

19

12

34

23

2nd

176

196

"

""

3rd

181

191

>>

410 422

L. S. B. 4 Hazara Singh obtained the highest score, viz:-172 out of a possible of 200 points.

REVOLVER COURSE.

EUROPEANS.

One hundred and eighty two Europeans fired their Revolver course and were classified as under :-

1st Class Shots

2nd

""

3rd

**

*

1924 1923

72

23

109

133

*1

12

182

168

K 12

INDIANS.

There hundred and ninety five Indians fired their Revolver course and were classified as under :-

1st Class Shots

2nd

??

3rd Failed

27

""

1924 1923

110

99

162

270

89

30

34

395 399

CHINESE.

Four hundred and seven Cantonese fired their Revolver course and were classified as under:

*

1st Class Shots

2nd

""

3rd

""

Failed

1924 1923

45

32

144

282

200

75

18

407

389

WEI HAI WEI CONTINGENT.

One hundred and ninety-one fired their Revolver course and were classified as under :-

1st Class Shots

2nd

3rd

""

"2

Failed

1924

38

56

59

38

191

CONDUCT

The conduct of the European Contingent (average strength 235) was good. The total number of reports against them was 127 as against 106 in 1923. There were 18 reports for being drunk or under the influence of drink as against 9 in 1923.

Two were reported for sleeping on duty as against 4 in 1923.

There were 22 reported for neglect of duty as against 25 in 1923.

K 13

The conduct of the Indian Contingent (average strength 504) was good. There were 529 reports as against 532 for the preced- ing year. For drunkenness there were 11 as against 23, for disorderly conduct 72 as against 30, for neglect of duty 93 as against 110, for absence from duty 131 as against 110, for gossiping and idling on duty 84 as against 81 and for sleeping on duty 18 as against 25.

212 men had no report as against 247.

2 Indian Policemen were convicted by the Police Magistrate, 1 for being absent from station and duty, and 1 for accepting bribes. Both were dismissed from the Force.

The behaviour of the Chinese Contingent (average strength 530) was fair. There were altogether 1253 reports as against 1389 in 1923. For drunkenness there was none as against one, 66 for sleeping on duty as against 95, 46 for disorderly conduct as against 29, and 1141 for minor offence as against 727, 215 men had no report as against 275 in 1923. 3 C.C.s were convicted by the Police Magistrate (and dismissed from the Force) 1 for larceny, 1 for demanding a bribe and 1 for being absent from station and duty.

The behaviour of the Chinese (Wei-hai-wei) Contingent (average strength 275) was disappointing. There were altogether 502 reports as against 54. For drunkenness there were 4 as against 2, 41 for sleeping on duty as against none in 1923, 56 for disorderly conduct as against 4, and 401 minor offence as against 48, 90 men had no report as against 78 in 1923. 11 P.C.D.s were convicted by the Police Magistrate (and dismissed from the Force) 2 for larceny, 2 for desertion, 1 for sleeping on duty and 6 for misconduct, neglect of duty and unlawful possession.

The conduct of seamen, coxswains, engineers and stokers (average strength 232) was fair. 179 reports as compared with 207 for the previous year. For disorderly conduct there were 11 as against 27 in 1923, 11 for neglect of duty as against 26, 126 for absence from station and duty as against 125, and 8 for sleep- ing on duty as against 10 for the previous year. 175 men had no report recorded against them as compared with 138 in 1923.

HEALTH.

Admissions to Hospital during the last three years were as

follows:

1922.

Nationality. Establish- Admis-

1923.

1924.

ment of the Force.

sions.

Establish- ment of the Force.

Admis- sions.

Establish- ment of the Force.

Admis- sions.

Europeans,... 188

145

220

235

235

93

Indians,

431

497

550

666

504

513

Chinese,.

762

326

681

549

805

642

K 14

Return of Police treated in Government Civil Hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever during the year 1924 :-

Old Territories.

New Territories.

Nationality.

Establishment

of

Treated.

the Forte.

Establishment of the Force.

Treated.

Europeans,

Indians,

Chinese,

220

22

15

6

475

145

29

8

664

179

141

391

In addition to cases treated in Hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever, the cases treated for Fever in the various stations in the New Territories without being removed to Hospital were :-

Europeans...19

Indians...18.

Chinese...606.

HEALTH OF POLICE AT NEW TERRITORY.

(NORTH) STATIONS, 1924.

During 1924, the general health of Police throughout the Northern. District of the New Territory was not good, due mainly to the prevalence of malaria which affected all ranks and the Wei Hai Wei Police in particular.

At certain stations-notably Sha Tau Kok, Sha Tin New Station, Ta Ku Ling and Castle Peak-fever was particularly vir- ulent and persistent, refusing to yield to quinine although the latter was issued freely and in strict accordance with medical ins- tructions. At one period of the year-September-90% of the Police at Sha Tau Kok were down with malaria.

The total admissions to hospital from all stations during the year was 403 and the total number of fever cases treated in station, 530.

Anti-malaria measures were recommended at various stations by Major Hingston, R.A.M.C. and by Dr. Moore.

It has been decided :--

(a) To drain the parade ground at Sha Tin Kok Station. (b) To provide efficient wire netting for the windows and doors at Sha Tau Kok, Ta Ku Ling, and Sha Tin Stations.

K 13

S

In addition to above special measures, the Botanical and Forestry Department has done excellent work thinning the trees and clearing the undergrowth at Sha Tin and also at Castle Peak. The Botanical and Forestry Department will also take in band the systematic thinning of trees and clearing of undergrowth at all New Territories Stations in future.

WATER POLICE.

Details concerning the Water Police are contained in Annexe A.

RECRUITING.

Details concerning recruiting and the Police Training School will be found in Annexe B.

"SPECIAL EVENTS

Piracy.

55

On the 2nd of January, 1924, the S. S. Tai Lee was pirated between Wang Mun and Kong Mun by a gang of armed men who travelled on the ship as passengers. Captain Willox, master of the ship, and one Indian Guard, were killed, and two Indian Guards were seriously wounded.

On the 2nd of January, 1924, the Norwegian Steamer "Salen" was pirated in the Canton River about five miles from the Escape Creek by a gang of about 60 armed men who travelled on the ship from Canton disguised as coal coolies. Property valued at £1,600 was taken away by the pirates. There were no casualties.

On the 23rd of March, 1924, the Steam Launch Kwong Shun was pirated in Hongkong Harbour by a gang of armed men who boarded the Launch as passengers at Sham Shui Po. The Launch passengers and crew were taken to an unknown destination. The launch subsequently returned to Hongkong, but a number of the passengers were held for ranson in Chinese Territory for a con- siderable time.

On the 11th April, 1924, an attempt was made again to pirate the S.S. Tai Lee between Kong Mun and Wang Mun by a gang of armed men who travelled from Kong Mau as passengers. The pirates drew the ship's fires and tried to beach the vessel but they did not succeed.

The pirates then jumped overboard and swam ashore, several of them being shot in the water by the ship's guards. During the attempt to pirate the ship several shots were fired by the pirates in the between decks, resulting in the wounding of several Chinese passengers.

K 16

POLICE CONSTABLE MURDERED.

On the 20th of April, 1924, Police Constable Batchan Singh was found murdered on the hillside near the Kowloon Reservoir with a bullet wound in his back. He had been missing since the 16th of April on which date he went out on patrol duty. His service revolver was also missing. Apparently a case of revenge.

ATTACK ON POLICE BY ARMED ROBBERS.

At 08.15 hours on the 29th of December, 1923, 5 men enter- ed the 2nd floor of No. 206D Canton Road, Yaumati. Four of them were armed with revolvers and one with a dagger. They bound and gagged the occupants and ransacked the floor. Whilst the robbery was in progress the Police received information and intercepted the robbers as they were about to leave the house. Shots were exchanged and four robbers were arrested, three of whom were wounded. During the shooting A.P.S. A46 Fender was shot in the right arm, L.S. A119 Robertson was shot in the abdomen, L.S. B267 Magber Singh also shot in the abdomen, and Man Wan, Detective C551 shot in the right leg.

At the May, 1924, Criminal Sessions, 1st, 2nd and 3rd robbers were sentenced to 15 years hard labour each, the 3rd robber was sen- tenced to a further 10 years hard labour (25 years in all) for shooting with intent. The 4th robber is still in the Government Civil Hospital under treatment.

On 1st August, 1924, the 4th Wei Hai Wei Contingent con- sisting of 1 Inspector, 1 Police Sergeant, 100 men and 5 Inter- preters arrived in the Colony. 30 of these men were posted to the P. T. S. and the remainder drafted to different Stations in Hongkong, Kowloon and New Territory.

REWARDS AND COMMENDATIONS.

P. C. C. 226 Tang Shing was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police and granted a reward of $25 for alertness on duty in effecting the arrest of 2 men, one with a dummy pistol and the other with 6 coils of thin wire, at 02.00 hours on the 14th December, 1923, at Morrison Hill Road. The men were thus intercepted on the point of committing a serious crime.

L. S. A. 100 Elwood was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for alertness on duty in securing the arrest of Li Chap-wa and Li Ting-chuen, Police Telephone clerks, on 11.12.23. The 1st defendant was charged with being in possession of an offensive weapon and fined $125. Both were dismissed.

P. S. C. 180 Wong Lau was commended by His Honour the Chief Justice and the Captain Supt. of Police for good work and energy in securing the arrest of a man named Wong Ying who

K 17

was indicted for wounding with intent at the January Criminal Sessions. The prisoner was convicted and sentenced to imprison- ment for life.

Detective P. C. C. 649 Chung Wai was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for diligence in conducting enquiries in the case of the Murder of Li Man-kwong on 31.8.23, whereby the person suspected was arrested, January 1924.

P. C. C. 626 Mak Po-tai was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for his intelligent and successful enquiries in a case in which a man was supposed to have been murdered in Monmouth Path ou 16.11.23. It was subsequently proved that the man was a habitual criminal, who had been shot dead while attempting to commit a highway robbery on one Tsang Kai-fong.

P. C. C. 161 Tsoi Ying was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for jumping into the Harbour and saving a coal coolie who had accidentally fallen into the water.

I. L. S. B. 116 Ajaib Singh was commended and granted a reward of $25.00 for alertness on duty in securing the arrest of one Ip Fat for Murder at Connaught Road Central on 4.11.23. The indictment against the murderer failed only owing to some dis- crepancy in the evidence for the prosecution.

P. C. C. 19 Wong Wing-yee and I. P. C. B. 438 Ata Mohamed were commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for the prompt and determined manner in which they arrested a Highway Robber at King's Park, Kowloon, on 3.12.23. The indictment against the prisoner failed owing to the poor evidence of the principal witness.

P. C. C. 263 Lam Man was commended and granted a reward of $150 by the Captain Supt. of Police for zeal and vigilance on duty on 15.1.24, which led him to arrest on suspicion 2 men who, on being searched, were found to have in their possession 3 revolvers and 300 rounds of ammunition. They were convicted and sentenced to 2 years hard labour at the February Criminal Sessions 1924.

Detective P. C. C. 596 Chu Pui was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for diligent work in the investigation of a case of larceny from s.s. "Yuen Sang" between 4th and 7th February 1924. Six men were arrested, 2 convicted, and most of the stolen property recovered.

P. C. C. 427 Chan Cheuk-lam and P. C. C. 226 Tang Shing were commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for courage and energy displayed on 7.12.23 in securing the arrest of two robbers who had taken part in an Armed Robbery at No. 2 Ching Kai

K 18

Lane. The two prisoners as well as one other robber were sentenced to 10 years hard labour and ten strokes of the "Cat** at the January Criminal Sessions 1924.

S. I. Cockle was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for diligence in conducting enquiries into a case of Armed Robbery at No. 2 Ching Kai Lane on 7.12.23 in which 3 of the robbers were convicted and sentenced to 10 years hard labour and 10 strokes of the "Cat" at the January Criminal Sessions 1924.

L. S. C. 447 Chan Tim was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for intelligence and forethought in the handling of information with the result that a Burglar's Den at Chi Ma Yuen was raided on 20.3.24 and 3 men were arrested therein. Another confederate was subsequently arrested at 419 Shanghai Street, ground floor. A large amount of booty was recovered. The i men, who were charged with Burglary in different localities and on divers dates, were all convicted and sentenced to imprisonment.

P. C. C. 36 Pang Chi was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for zeal and intelligence while on patrol duty on 22.2.24 when he arrested on suspicion a Portuguese, who was found to have in his possession pawn tickets relating to stolen property. Property to the value of $18.50 was recovered and the prisoner was sentenced to 12 months hard labour.

Inspector Pincott was commended by His Excellency the Governor for the care and thoroughness with which he carried out investigations and prepared the case for the prosecution in the Ka Ngo Piracy case.

Detective L. S. C. 179 Chan Hung, who obtained information leading to the first two arrests and the seizure of a large quantity of property which had been stolen during the Ka Ngo Piracy. (the two men were leaders) was reinstated in the rank of Police Sergeant, commended by the Captain Supt. of Police, and granted a reward of $50.00.

L. S. A. 13 Kirby during the routine search of the s.s. "Hanoi" detected the presence of a number of passengers of an unusual type. Later he found others in possession of loaded revolvers and had the whole gang detained. He was granted a 4th Class Medal.

Detective L. S. C. 237 Cheng Kwong and Detective P. C. C. 368 Kong Shiu-hong during the routine search on s.s. Hydrangea found arms concealed in a basket with false sides, being carried by a passenger. The arms were well concealed and it was only by a very careful search that they were discovered. During the routine search on the s.s. Hanoi a few days previously, they made the first discovery of one man in possession of arms, which ultimately led to the arrest of the whole gang. They were granted a 4th Class Medal each.

K 19

L. S. A. 54 Dungey was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for his prompt assistance to Detective L. S. C. 179 Chan Hung which resulted in the arrest of two of the leaders of the Ka Ngo piracy gang.

Detective P. C. C. 653 Yau Chung was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for zeal and devotion to duty in effecting the arrest of a man who had taken part in an attempted Armed Robbery at 8 East Street, Quarry Bay, on 27.2.24. At the March Criminal Sessions defendant was found Guilty and sentenced to 5 years hard labour and 10 strokes of the "Cat".

Detective P. S. C. 185 Tang Sang was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for his zeal and ability in the investigation of a case of larceny from the person in Hing Hon Road on 26.3.24. The prisoner was convicted and sentenced to 6 months hard labour and to receive 12 strokes with the birch.

Sub-Inspector R. Shannon was commended by H. E. the Governor for the excellence of his work in supervising the Indian guards.

Detective L.S,C. 52 Tam Kui was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police and granted a reward of $25 for diligence in obtaining valuable information which led to the arrest of 5 and conviction of 4 bad characters who had taken part in several larcenies in the Western District. A large quantity of stolen property was recovered.

Detective C. C. 311 Chan Sze was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for alertness on duty whereby he secured the arrest of two pick-pockets in Queen's Road Central on 24.4.24. The prisoners were sentenced to one year hard labour each.

L. S. A. 95 Knowles was granted a 4th Class Medal for courage and presence of mind on the occasion of an Armed Robbery at 145 Portland Street on 11.11.23. L.S.A. 95 Knowles grappled with a man whom he might reasonably suppose to have been armed, knocked him down and arrested him. A loaded revolver was found on the ground shortly afterwards. The prisoner was found guilty and sentenced to 17 years hard labour and 20 strokes with the "Cat".

S. I. Cotton was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for his resource in capturing a ricksha coolie who endeavoured to pick his pocket on 9.5.24. The coolie was sentenced to 4 months hard labour.

Detective P. S. C. 269 Man Tam was granted a 4th Class Medal for excellent work in the New Territory during the period from 7.7.17. to May 1924 and for the capture of 5 robbers in the Man Kam To Brickworks Armed Robbery and Kidnapping case on 9.1.24. The 5 robbers were shot by Chinese Authorities at Sham Chun.

K 20

Acting L. S. A. 166 Jessop was granted a 4th Class Medal for courage and resource when in charge of the Police guard on the occasion of the Attempted Piracy of the s. s. "Tai Lee" on 12.4.24.

The following rewards were granted to the undermentioned Police Officers for bravery and resource on the occasion of the affray with armed robbers at 206 Canton Road, Yaumati, on 29.12.23.

Inspector T. Murphy recommended for the King's Police Medal (Since granted). P. S. 180 Wong Lau granted a 3rd Class Medal and reward of $100.

4th Class Medals granted to :

P. S. 110 Kelly. P. S. 46 Fender. L. S. 37 McEwen.

L. S. 119 Robertson.

L. S. 53 Clark commended by His Excellency the Governor.

4th Class Medals and rewards of $100 granted to :-

C. C. 551 Man Wan.

C. C. 526 Wong Kan. L. S. 55 Li Cheung. L. S. 345 Shek Tui.

I. L. S. 267 Maghar Singh.

P. C. C. 37 Mak Iu granted a reward of $100 in addition to a 3rd Class Medal.

Rewards of $50 and Commendation of His Excellency the Governor to :-

I. P. C. 125 Narain Singh.

>>

94 Chattar Singh. 154 Norata Singh.

P. C. C. 540 Ip Chak.

>>

35

دو

265 Tsui Wing. 322 Cheng Sham. 419 Man Lung. 229 Ip Fu.

I. L. S. 96 Khoshal Singh.

A reward of $50 granted to Wong San, now C. C. 109, who, at the time of the robbery, was not in the Force.

Sub Insp. McWalter was commended by His Excellency the Governor for his resource and energy in prosecuting the case of armed robbery at 145 Portland Street on 11.11.23.

K 21

L. S. B. 294 Maklimat Gul was commended by the Capt. Supt. of Police and granted a reward of $50 for securing the arrest of a man for attempted Armed Robbery on board cargo boat No. 2867V on 11.4.24. At the May Criminal Sessions 1924 the prisoner was convicted and sentenced to 7 years hard labour and 12 strokes with the "Cat".

1. P. C. 250 Nadha Singh was commended by His Excellency the Governor and granted a reward of $50 for courage and resource on the occasion of the affray with armed robbers at 206 Canton Road, on December 29th, 1923.

Detective L. S. C. 166 Kwan Hing Nam was commended by the Capt. Supt. of Police for discovering the identity of a Chinese who in self defence had shot a robber who with two others attempted to rob him at Monmouth Path on 16.11.23.

Inspectors Nawab Khan and Mohinder Singh were granted as a personal distinction the titles of Khan Sahib and Sirdar Sahib respectively by His Excellency the Viceroy of India.

Drill Corporal B 321 Ali Mohamed, P. C. B. 309 Ramyan Khan, P. C. B. 347 Fatteh Khan and P. C. B. 311 Farzand Ali were commended by the Capt. Supt. of Police and granted a reward of $25 each for courage and resource which they displayed on board the s. s. "Tai Lee" at the time of the attempted piracy on 12.4.24. Two of the pirate ringleaders were shot by them while attempting to leave the ship.

P. C. C. 218 Chau Ping Kwan was commended by the Capt. Supt. of Police and granted a reward of $50 for alertness displayed by him in connection with the arrest of one Yeung Kwai- sang on board the s. s. "Shan Tung" on 20.5.24. This man had committed a Robbery with Violence at 33 Portland Street, 1st floor, on the same date, and was subsequently at the June Criminal Sessions 1924 sentenced to 7 years hard labour and to receive 12 strokes of the "Cat".

Detective P. C. C. 311 Chan Shu was commended by the Capt. Supt. of Police and granted a reward of $50.00 for intelligence and alertness on duty in securing the arrest of a Chinese who had committed a Robbery with Violence at No. 2 Lok Hing Lane on 17.5.24. The prisoner was sentenced at June Criminal Sessions to 8 years hard labour and 10 strokes with the "Cat".

Sub Inspector Booker was commended by II. E. the Governor for hard and successful work in enlisting and training three contingents of Wei Hai Wei Police during the past two years.

K 22

Detective L. S. 113 Kwong Lun was commended by the Capt. Supt. of Police for the smart arrest on 30.5.24 of one of the two robbers who had attacked with a dagger an old man in the Sha Tin Gap Road on 29.5.24. The prisoner was sentenced to 7 years hard labour at the June Criminal Sessions 1924.

I. P. C. B. 40 Sirdar Ali was commended by the Capt. Supt. of Police for his prompt action in rescuing and applying artificial respiration to a Chinese boy who had fallen stunned into a pool. His prompt action saved the boy's life.

Detectives P. C. 634 Tse Yuk and C 609 Yeung Ching were commended by the Capt. Supt. of Police and granted a reward of $10 each for good work in connection with the breaking up of a gang of Triads in the Taipo District. 15 persons were arrested of whom 9 were convicted and the other & discharged.

Detective Sub.-Insp. Reynolds was commended by the Capt. Supt. of Police for diligent and efficient way in which he conducted the case Rex v Wickersham. Defendant was at the Police Court on 2.9.24. sentenced to 4 months imprisonment.

Detective L. S. C. 166 Kwan Hing Nam was commended by the Capt. Supt. of Police and granted a reward of $20 for smart work in connection with the arrest of 6 men who had committed several larcenies in Wanchai District. All six were convicted and sentenced to various terms of imprisonment.

Detective P. S. C. 84 Ho Hung and P. C. C. 257 Chau Fuk were commended by the Capt. Supt. of Police for good work done in arresting one Li Yan for participation in an Armed Robbery at British Sha Tau Kok on 14.7.24. At the August Criminal Sessions 1924, the prisoner was convicted and sentenced to 10 years hard labour and 12 strokes with the "Cat".

I. P. C. B. 5 Jaggat Singh was commended by the Capt. Supt. of Police and granted a reward of $10 for smartness on duty in arresting 2 men for robbing a European while intoxicated at Lee Yuen Street West on 25.8.24. The prisoners were convicted by the Police Magistrate and sentenced to 6 weeks hard labour each.

I. P. C. B. 68 Milkha Singh was commended by the Capt. Supt. of Police for jumping into the Harbour and saving the life of a drunken Chinese male on 31.8.24 who had accidentally fallen into the water and could not swim.

L. S .A. 1 G. W. Moreton was commended by the Capt. Supt. of Police for good work in exposing extensive frauds on the part of Chinese Distilleries in Sai Kung District who were system- atically conspiring with wine dealers in Hongkong to employ used duty labels on. bottles and jars of wine supplied wholesale from the Distilleries.

K 23

P. S. B. 230 Atta Mohamed was commended by the Capt. Supt. of Police for resource and zeal in the execution of his duty. on the 26.9.24. P. S. B. 230, assisted by a number of P. Cis. dispersed a large crowd of men who were making a hostile de- monstration outside Pokfulam Police Station and his prompt action prevented what might have been a serious affray.

P. S. C. 192 Kong Yee was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for good work done in effecting the arrest of a Chinese male, who had committed several larcenies at the Peak. Defend- ant was sentenced to 6 months hard labour.

P. C. C. 368 Kong Shiu Hong was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for vigilance while on duty at Yaumati on 18.10.24, whereby he arrested one man who had stolen money and jewellery to the value of $1,155 from No. 2 Tai Yuen Street, Wanchai. Property recovered.

P. C. C. 579 Un Hang was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police and granted a reward of $15 for alertness on duty on 4.10.24 when he arrested a man for unlawful possession of 28 bottles of medicine of different assortments. A woman who had stolen these and other articles from A. S. Watson & Company's Laboratory at North Point where she was employed as a packer was also arrested. Both prisoners were charged, convicted and sentenced to 3 months hard labour each.

I. P. C. B. 402 Bhay Singh and I. P. C. B. 406 Dadan Khan were commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for general good work done during their eleven years service, which they both have completed without a single report against them.

P. C. C. 538 Lo Tung was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police and granted a reward of $10 for alertness on duty at Un On Wharf on 18.10.24 in arresting a man who had kidnapped a small boy. Defendant was charged and sentenced to 9 months' hard labour and 12 strokes with the birch.

P. C. C. 161 Tsoi Ying was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for alertness on duty on 26.10.24 and the smart capture of 3 men who had stolen jewellery, money and clothing from a dwelling at 8 Pitt Street. Stolen property to the value of $256 was recovered. The defendants were sentenced to 5 months hard labour each.

The following rewards were, granted to the undermentioned Police Officers for courage and prompt action whereby 6 men, who had committed an armed robbery at Sham Cheng village, Tsun Wan District, were captured :--

Sergeant A.139 Hourihan $100 and commendation by

His Excellency the Governor.

K 24

P. C. D. 107 Wong Fung Yan $50 and commendation

by His Excellency the Governor.

P. C. D. 104 Tsao Tsu Chwan $25 and commendation

by the Captain Supt. of Police.

P. C. C. 7 Wong Tat was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for alertness on duty in securing the arrest of a man named Yeung Chun at Connaught Road West on the 18th November 1924. The prisoner was convicted of Manslaughter at the November Criminal Sessions and sentenced to 15 years hard labour.

Detective C. C. 311 Chan Sze was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for alertness on duty on 7.12.24, in effecting the arrest of a man who had committed a burglary at 22 Wing Wo Road and recovery of half of the stolen property. Defendant was convicted and sentenced to 6 months hard labour.

P. C. B. 417 Makhan was commended by the Captain Supt. of Police for his prompt action while off duty on the 17th December, 1924, in assisting to arrest a violent Chinese who had committed assault and attempted larceny from the person in Ice House Street. Defendant was convicted and sentenced to 9 months hard labour.

Return shewing the Establishment and Casualties in the Force during the year 1924 :-

Nationality.

Establishment of the Force.

Enlistments.

Deaths.

Resignations

through

sickness.

Resignations through expiry of terms of service or otherwise.

Dismissals or Desertions.

Total Number of Casualties.

Europeans,

235

43

Indians,

504

82

Chinese,

805 175

110 8

16

5

619

14

3

34

12

37

61

23

41

71

Total, 1,544 300 12

24

49

81

166

This number includes the Police paid by other Departments, also the Engineers, Coxwains, Stokers, etc., but it is exclusive of:

1 Captain Superintendent.

1 Deputy Superintendent of Police (Kowloon).

1

Director of Criminal Intelligence.

1 Assistant Director of Criminal Intelligence.

4

Assistant Superintendents.

2

Probationers.

K 25

1

Accountant.

1

Assistant Accountant.

2 Storekeepers.

1

Police Secretary.

20 Clerks.

10 Telephone Clerks.

68 Interpreters.

124 Messengers and Coolies.

2

Indian and 2 Chinese Constables who are em-

ployed by Private Firms.

2 Shroffs.

Actual Strength on the 10th December, 1924.

Europeans.

Indians.

Chinese.

Total.

Present,

200

437

761

1,398

Sick or Absent on

leave,

35

67

35

137

Excess over Estimates

7

7

14

Vacancies,

9

9

Total,

242

511

805

1,558

EXECUTIVE STAFF.

Mr. T. H. King, Director of Criminal Intelligence proceeded on 10 months leave to the United Kingdom on April 5th, 1924, and Mr. C. G. Perdue was appointed to act during Mr. King's absence as Director of Criminal Intelligence.

Mr. D. Burlingham proceeded on leave of absence to the United Kingdom for 10 months on May 3rd, 1924.

Captain H. F. Bloxham was temporarily appointed Assistant Superintendent of Police in charge of Indian Guards on February 1st, 1924.

Mr. L. H. V. Booth proceeded on. 7 months leave of absence to the United Kingdom on April 5th, 1924, and was appointed to act as Assistant Director of Criminal Intelligence on his return from leave on November 13th, 1924.

Inspector W. G. Gerrard was appointed to act as Assistant Superintendent of Police on April 5th, 1924.

Mr. W. Le Bart Sparrow was appointed Police Probatiouer on October 25th, 1924, and Mr. L. H. C. Calthrop was appointed Police Probationer on November 27th, 1924.

-K 26

J

Table showing the Total Strength, Expenditure and Revenue of the Police Department for the years 1914 to 1924:-

Year

Total Strength

Expenditure

Revenue

1914

1,304

$ 789,100

$ 193,915

1915

1,289

765,911

185,589

1916

1,215

703.743

192,796

1917

1.229

694,115

210,071

1918

1,228

727,233

219,012

1919

1,228

840,977

225,031

1920

1.281

1,165,084

229,122

1921

1,341

1,443,627

259,876

1922

1,381

1,533,772

376,347

1923

1,589

1,633,847

349,443

1924

1,774

1,877,948

389,176

Annexe A.

REPORT ON THE WATER POLICE.

I have the honour to report that the strength of the Water Police as it now stands is 2 Inspectors, 2 Sub-Inspectors, 4 Crown Sergeants, 18 Lance Sergeants and 3 European Constables, 34 Coxswains, 4 Boatswains, 116 Seamen, 36 Engineers, 34 Stokers, 2 Barrack Sergeants, 2 Station Sergeants, 2 Carpenters, 2 Painters, 1 Sailmaker, 1 Motor Mechanic, 12 Detectives and 17 Boatmen making a total of 292.

The above is the actual strength on the 31st December, 1924, and includes all the detectives at Water Police Station and those under the Piracy Prevention Ordinance.

Yearly return of changes in the establishment during the year 1924.

Resignations Dismissals

Struck off

Medically unfit

Retirements

Deaths

18

22

6

OONOON

3

2

Total.........

51

Enlistment.

66

K 27

During the year under review the four large Cruising Police Launches Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 have all been thoroughly overhauled besides being slipped quarterly when minor repairs were effected. These launches are now in good running order.

Four of the six patrol launches 5, 6, 7, 8, have been kept on harbour beats during the year. They have been overhauled and are in a satisfactory condition except No. 8 which should be replaced

in 1926.

Motor Boats 10, 11 and 12 have all been overhauled every three months and are in good running order,

Searchlights have been installed on Nos. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and No. 14 Launches.

One new launch No. 14 was taken over during 1924.

All Pulling Boats and gear are in good order and condition.

The usual Rifle and Vickers gun practices have been carried out by Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 launches.

The traffic in Arms, principally from Europe continued during the year. Several important seizures were made by a special staff of Searchers.

A special staff was employed throughout the year in carrying out searches under the Piracy Prevention Ordinance.

I attach details of the principal seizures of arms by the Water Police and the Searchers under the Piracy Prevention Ordinance during the year.

P. P. J. WODEHOUSE,

Deputy Superintendent of Police.

- K 28

List of arms cases (with arrest) during 1924.

Date.

Name of Defendants.

Charge.

By Whom arrested.

Results.

6.1.24 Chan Chun-chau...22 Possession of 5 Auto- L.S.A. 13 10 years each

Hung Kwai-ting...34 Hung Yau-wa

matic pistol (loaded)

..27

7 Revolvers and 110

C. No. 1782.

rds, of ammunition

on board steamship

(6

Hanoi ".

II.124 | Chung Sau

24 Possession of 3 loaded | A. 13 and

revolvers and 2 dag- gers on "Hydrangea'

9 years and 10

C. 368.

16.3.24 Chan Man-lai ......46 Possession of 2 Auto-

C. 553.

Strokes C. No. 1715.

$1000. Fine C. No. 4406.

22.4.24 Chan Tak-fu

...20

Tsing Tsat-fat......25 WongCheong-chun 27 Chung Sau-hung...22

matic pistol 2 spare magazine and 562 rds. of ammunition (President Wilson).

Possession of 39 revo- lvers and 3900 rds. of revolver ammuni- tion and 85,080 rds. of Mauser ammuni- tion on s. s. Paul Lecat.

P.S.A. 58. 12 months each.

22.4.24

Ko Shing

.27 Possession of 18 Mau- P.S.A. 58.

ser pistol and 8,800

12 months.

rds. of ammunition

on s.s. Paul Lecat.

17.8.24 Wong Fun, Pantry Boy Possession of 3 revol-

15.8.24 Ma Hing, fireman

vers and 500 rds. ammunition on s.s. Paul Lecat.

Possession of 3 revol- vers and 40 rds. of ammunition on "Pre sident Wilson ".

A. 136.

3 years C. No. 3300.

R.O. 40. Fine $1000 or

12 months.

K 29

List of arms cases (with arrest) during 1924,—Continued.

Date.

Name of Defendants.

Charge.

By Whom arrested.

Results.

18.8.24

Li Kam-lun.........42 Possession of 1 Luger pistol and 600 rds. of ammunition on s.s. Empress of Asia.

30.8.24 Yeung To............54 Possession of 3 revol-

C. 605.

Fined $500 C. No. 3299.

C. 553. Fined $1000 C.

No. 3537.

ver, 1 Luger pistol, 600 rds. and 6 pistol clips on s.s. Presi- dent Cleveland,

15.9.24 Liu Hing

.43 Possession of I revol-Watchman

ver on s s. President Harrison.

12 months C.

301.

No. 3858.

13.9.24 Yeung Wai Kam...50 Possession of 7 revol-

vers, and 1,100 rds. of ammunition on "President Cleve- land".

22.9.24 William Earl Hasting Possession of 2 revol-

C. 553.

Fined $1000 C.

No. 3831.

R.O. 1.

vers and 324 rds, of ammunition on s.s.

12 months C. No. 4063.

"President McKin-

ley".

27.9.24 Lam Tak-chi ..............38 | Possession of 1 Mau-

R.O. 20. Fined $500 C.

No. 4132.

7.10.24 Juwa Khan

ser pistol, 1 Revol- ver and 190 rds. of ammunition on ss. President Pierce ".

Possession of 2 revol-

ver and 100 rds. of ammunition.

A. 58.

5 years.

7.12.24 Cheung Yuen

...45 Possession of 2 rifles

R. 145.

Fined $500 C.

and 120 rds, of am-

No. 5786.

munition on Presi-

dent Jefferson.

-K 30

LIST OF SEIZURE OF ARMS & AMMUNITION

DURING THE YEAR OF 1924.

25.1.24. Brought to station by A. 13 Kirby from on board S.S. Bandosan 62 revolvers, 3 Automatic pistols (Mauser) 10,000 rounds of pistol ammunition, 5,400 rounds of revolver ammunition.

4.2.24. Brought to station by A. 71 Waller from on board S.S. President Hanison found by F.S. Moody 4th Officer, 1 Mauser rifle, 6 revolvers, 1 Automatic pistol and 1,532 rounds of ammun- tion.

26.3.24. Brought to station by A. 71 from on board S.S. President Wilson, handed over by William Hasting 1st Officer, 350 S. & W. 38 revolver ammunition, 620 Mauser revolver ammunition.

29.3.24. Brought to station by female searcher No. 5, Li Tai from on board S.S. Lu Chow, 1 Automatic pistol, 1 magazine, and 99 rds of ammunition.

21.4.24. Brought to station by A 58 from on board S.S. Paul Lecate found by Chief Officer, 18 Mauser pistols, 8,800 rounds of ammunition (Mauser).

21.4.24. Brought to station by A. 58 from on board S.S. Paul Lecate handed over by Chief Officer, 39 revolvers, 3,900 rounds of ammunition (revolver) and 85,980 rounds of Mauser ammunition.

19.5.24. Brought to station by A. 136 from on board S.S. Phranang, 16 revolvers, 1,050 rounds of ammunition, 10 Luger pistols, 8 Luger stocks, 15 Luger Magazines, 1,600 rounds of ammunition, 8 Automatics complete and 100 rounds of ammunition and 4,925 rounds of Mauser ammunition.

11.6.24. Brought to station by A. 58 found by him on board Licensed Junk No. 795, having been thrown on board from S.S. Carnarvanshire, 3 Mauser pistols, 2 Automatic pistols and 584 rounds of ammunition.

11.6.24. Brought to station by R.O. Lanigan from on board S.S. Carnarvanshire 14 Mauser pistols with wooden stocks, 18 Automatic pistols, 1 wooden stock and 3,145 rounds of ammunition.

15.7.24. Brought to station by A. 13 from on board S.S. Kitana Maru, 2,900 rounds of ammunition.

28.7.24. Brought to station by A. 58 from on board S.S. Victoria, 9 Lee Enfield rifles, 1,000 rounds of Mark VII ammuni- tion, 33,950 rounds of Luger Automatic ammunition.

K 31

1.9.24. Brought to station by A. 122 from on board S.S. Andre Lebon handed over by Capt. Wettely, 4 Luger pistols, 5 Long revolvers, 2 short revolvers, 1,980 rounds of Luger ammuni- tion, 300 rounds of revolver ammunition, 700 rounds of revolver ammunition.

board

23.9.24. Brought to station by A. 136 from on Empress of Russia found by Staff Captain William David Chef, 30 Mausers with stocks and 50 magazines and 2,940 mauser ammuni- tion, 150 rds. of Winchester ammunition and 200 rounds of S. & W. long ammunition.

24.9.24. Brought to station by Sergt. Simpson from on board Empress of Russia handed over by Staff Captain Willian David Chef, 2 Winchester Rifles, 400 rounds of Winchester ammmunition.

24.9.24. Brought to station by Sergt. Dorling from on board S.S. West Carmona on the 13th inst. and reported vide morning report of the 24th iust. 200 rounds of S. W. revolvers, 20 Thomp- son Machine guns and 60 magazines, 19,950 rounds of Machine gun ammunition, 19,750 rounds of 32 cab, revolver ammunition and 6 cleaning rods.

27.9.24. Brought to station by L.S.A. 13 Kirby two 32 revolvers, 2 Luger, 1 Mauser and 380 round of ammunition found unclaimed on board S.S. President Pierce.

28.9.24. Brought to station by L.S. 136 Simpson, 2 Mauser revolvers and 1 Automatic pistol, 107 rounds of ammunition, 1 Mauser magazine and 2 spare parts found unclaimed on board the S.S. Chantilly.

30.9.24. Brought to station 5 Smith Wesson rovolvers and 950 rounds of ammunition found unclaimed on No. 5 Wharf, H.K. & K. Godown by R.O. Lanigan.

31.10.24. Brought to station by L.S.A. 136 Simpson, Z Smith and Wesson revolvers, 359 rounds of ammunition, found unclaimed on S.S. President Madison,

2.12.24. Brought to station by L.S.A. 136 Simpson, 33 Automatic revolvers, 5 Mausers Pistols and 5,600 rounds of ammunition found unclaimed on board the S.S. Rosanda.

5.12.24. Brought to station 2 Smith and Wesson revolvers found unclaimed on board the S.S. Taiyo Maru by the chief officer and handed over to Sergt. Carson.

K 32

23.12.24. Brought to station 19 Mauser pistols, 4 Luger pistols and 3 spare chambers 16 sec chamber revolvers, 1,440 rounds of revolver ammunition, 4,650 rounds of Mauser ammuni- tion and 540 rounds of Luger ammunition by L.S.A. 27 Sampson handed over to him by the Captain of the S.S. Taming.

Annexe B.

POLICE TRAINING SCHOOL REPORT FOR 1924.

1. Staff.

The following changes were made in the personnel of the P.T.S. Staff during 1924 :-

(1) Inspector Paterson was appointed acting Principal vice

Inspector Gerrard appointed acting A. S. P. Tai Po. (2) Sub-Inspector W. Shannon was appointed Assistant Principal, vice Inspector Paterson. S. I. Shannon was granted one months sick leave in November, and left for the United Kingdom on leave in December: Sub-Inspector A. Clark was appointed to the vacancy thus created, to take effect from 5th January 1925. (3) Sub-Inspector Barnett was appointed Drill Instructor vice Sub-Inspector J. Clark returned to regular duty. (4) A. P. S. 5 Baker was appointed Physical Training Instructor and Barrack Sergeant, vice A. P. S. 114 Condon on leave.

(5) Sub-Inspector McNab Wilson discharged the duties of Musketry Instructor from March to December, during the absence on leave of P. S. 90 Carpenter.

(6) L. S. 33 Wynne was appointed Assistant Musketry

Instructor.

(7) A. P. S. 32 Dickson was attached in July to P. T. S. on return from Wei Hai Wei, to supervise the instruc- tion of Northern Chinese recruits and to take charge of the Northern Contingent generally.

(8) Sergt. Major Kwong Tin-kan was re-appointed to P. T. S. to take charge of the Cantonese Contingent recruits.

(9) Mr. Lo Yu-hung was appointed clerk, vice Mr. Kwok

Lun-ying resigned.

(10) P.S.D. 56 Pi Lung-yin was appointed drill Instructor

and attached to P.T.S. to assist in the supervision of the Northern Contingent Chinese recruits and trained

men.

K 33

(11) Mr. Fu Wo-chang was appointed Shau Tung teacher and Interpreter in July, and resigned in October.

(12) Interpreter Ku Yuan-pin was attached to P.T.S. from August to November, to assist in the instruction of the Northern Contingent.

(13) Interpreter Wong Kui-shin was in November appoint- ed Shan Tung teacher and interpreter, vice Ku Yuan-pin returned to regular duty.

PRESENT STAFF.

Principal......

Assistant Principal....

Indian Teacher and Interpreter

.Insp. Paterson. ..S. I. Clark.

Mr. K. Sohan Singh.

First Chinese Teacher and Interpreter... Mr. Pun Yau-tong.

Second

**

Northern,,

Chinese Vernacular Teacher

Clerk

Indian Sub-Inspector

23

Chinese (Cantonese) Sergt. Major

European Drill Instructor

Assistant

Musketry Instructor

...Mr. Yeung Siu-nung. ...Mr. Wong Kui-shin.

Mr. Ng Cheuk-wah. .Mr. Lo Yu-hung.

Miriam Baksh.

......Mr. Kwong Tin-kan.

Sub-Insp. Barnett. P.S.A. 90 Carpenter. .L.S.A. 33 Wynne.

Physical Drill Instructor and Barrack

Sergt. at P.T.S....................

European i/e Northern Chinese

5 Indian Drill Instructors

....A.P.S. 5 Baker.

...A.P.S. 52 Dickson

2 Chinese

Cantonese

""

1

Northern

""

""

II.-Recruiting Table from 1st January, 1924 to 31st

December, 1924.

Eur- Indian. (Canton-| (North

Chinese Chinese District Watch-

opean.

ese). ern).

men.

Continuing instruc-

tion from 1923

26

49

9

6

Recruited

51

84

65

16

37

Passed out to duty

51

73

19

38

Resigned

Dismissed

Struck Off

1

15

Died in G.C.H.

Invalided...

7

1

Continuing Instruc-

tion

15

13

44

16

K 34

In addition to the above recruits, the following men passed throught the P.T.S. :-

Northern Chinese Contingent (for final training)..............95

Shameen Municipal Council Police (for training) ...15

III.—EXAMINATIONS,

During the year 15 examinations for promotion were held at P.T.S. The following table shews the number of officers who qualified for the various ranks :--

: Lance Sergeant Sergeant.

In- Sub In- spector. spector.

:

Europeans Indians

7

10

11

SJ

10

21

Chinese

IV. CONDUCT AND DISCIPLINE.

The conduct and discipline of recruits was satisfactory with the following exceptions :-

Europeans: 3 were permitted to resign and one was struck

off as unlikely to become efficient.

Indians:

Chinese (Cantonese): 1 was permitted to resign and 6 were struck off off as unsuitable. 4 were dismissed for misconduct (one of these latter four was charged before a Magistrate and awarded 6 weeks imprisonment for persistently absenting himself from duty. The conduct of the Cantonese contingent was on the whole a great improvement on 1923.

15 were struck off as unsuitable for police duty.

Chinese

(Northern): No cases of misconduct: the first of these

recruits was enlisted locally in September.

Europeans.

Indians.

V. CURRICULUM.

Chinese.

District Watchmen Recruits.

Police Regulations and General Instructions. Ordinances-all those that

apply to Police. Police Code. Sections and Beats. Local Knowledge. Educational Subjects. Police Court Routine. Observation Lessons. Physical Drill. Squad and Rifle Drill. Musketry Course.

Revolver Course.

Police Regulations and Police Regulations and

General Instructions. Ordinances-selected. Sections and Beats. Local Knowledge. Police Court Routine, Observation Lessons. Physical Drill. Squad and Rifle Drill. Musketry.Course. Revolver Course.

Urdu and or Gurmukhi

and/or English.

General Instructions. Ordinances-selected. Sections and Beats. Local Knowledge. Police Court Routine. Observation Lessons. English and Arithmetic-

elementary. Geography of China. Excerpts from Books of

Morals.

Physical Drill.

*Squad and Rifle Drill,

Police Regulation Book- selected portions and General Instructions. Ordinances-selected. Local Knowledge. Physical Drill. Squad Drill.

Musketry Course.

Revolver Course.

*Northern contingent only

- K 35

Note: Defaulters sent to School (Indians and Chinese) receive special instruction according to the subject

in which they are reported to be inefficient.

* Indians and Chinese were also instructed in First Aid to the injured.

1

K 36

Table I.

RETURN OF SERIOUS AND MINOR OFFENCES REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN COMMITTED DURING THE YEARS 1923 AND 1924.

ponyosi

Serious Offences.

3

Larcenies and Larcenies in Dwelling-

4

Murder,

Manslaughter aud Other

7

Offences against Ordinance of Protection of

Unlawful

Kidnapping.

Assault and Disorderly

Women and

Possession.

Conduct.

Houses.

Felonies.

Children.

Cases.

Minor Offences.

Gambling.

3

́Drunkenness.

Nuisances.

Miscellaneous

Offences.

6

Total of

all cases

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted. Discharged,

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cazes.

Convicted.

Discharged.

:

:

57 14 352 262 131 11

1

3

:

:

}

2

2

2,2,897

1,052 | 306 | 435 | 230 ' 148 63

2 2,899

1,053 307 438 | 235' 148 63

57

14352

262134

Offences 4,011.

9

12

N

:

:

:

30

30

13 11

2 |895|960188529 2,827 218 22 21

.::.

:..

:

251 282

:

:

:

00

:

89

38

9

85

3

3

30

26

8,382|12,100| 1.384 14.085

2918981|190529|| 2,827;218 67 65

2 251 282 26

12,1 8,424 |12,141 1,393

14,200

|

}

:

5

2 4

:

I

3,443 1,487 | 269 · 324 : 1443

62

61

2 437

381

92 22 22 11

S

13,448

1,490:271 330 149

80

63 | 62

2 438 381 93

22 22

i

- Offences 4,509.

Total Minor Offences 10,189.

N

4

:སཻ

:

:སྶཾ

608|920|120|485| 2,776 | 223

22

272

22

15 .

15

:

:

:

11 615|928|122485 2,776 | 223 43 44

Total Minor Offences 13,060.

370

385

29

31

37

13

15

88

29 11,505 17,413 1,18 17.179

370 385

29 11,547 (17,459| 1,444 17,569

Year.

1923.

K 36

Table I.

RETURN OF SERIOUS AND MINOR OFFENCES REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN COMMITTED DURING THE YEARS 1923 AND 1924.

Serious Offences.

Minor Offence

2

1-

2

4

Robbery with Violence and Assault with

Burglaries.

intent to rob.

Larcenies and Larcenies in

Dwelling-

Houses.

Murder,

Manslaughter and Other

Offences against Ordinance of Protection of

Unlawful

Kidnapping,

Assault and Disorderly

Gambling.

Drunkenness.

Possession.

Women and

Conduct.

Felonies.

Children.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Europeans and Americans,

Indians,

Chinese,

:

:

:

:

174 43

21

74

18

:

12

:

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

:

:

:

:

1

:

:

22,897

1,052 | 306 | 435|230|148| 63

2:

57

Total,

174 43 21

71

18

2 2,899

I

1,053 | 307 | 438 | 235 | 148 | 63

Total Serious Offences 4,011.

1924.

Europeans and Americans,

Indians,

Chinese,

{

Total,

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1

148 37

21 60

ཚེ:

13

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

14 12

~

30

30

9 9

13

2

895960 188 529 2,827 218

22

21

57

14 352

262

134 11

8

2 918 981|190529 | 2,827.218 67

65

2

2.

4352

262

134

11

:

Total Minor Offences 10,189.

:

:

:

:

22

22

:

1

1

4 4

:

:

:

61

2

437

381

92 22

22

11 608920|120|485| 2,776 | 223

15

15

:

Total Minor Offences 13,060.

1,490|271:330|149| 80 63

62

2 438

381

93

22

22

11 [615|928|122|485 | 2,776 | 223

43

44

$

13,443

1,487 | 269 | 324 | 143 | 77

62

1223

148 37

21

60 131

] [3,148

Total Serious Offences 4,509.

SERIOUS OFFENCES.

Table II.

YEARLY RETURN OF CRIME FOR THE WHOLE COLONY FOR THE YEAR 1924.

1923.

1924.

PERSONS

CONVICTED.

PERSONS

DISCHARGED.

VALUE OF

PROPERTY

STOLEN

VALUE OF

PROPERTY

RECOVERED.

Charge cases.

Cases without

charge.

Total cases.

Charge cases.

Cases without charge.

Total cases.

% Charge cases to total.

Europeans.

Indians,

Chinese.

Arms,

218

218

155

155

Assault,

304

304

353

353

Assault with intent to rob,

5

3

3

:

Burglary,

13

61

74

10

60

17%

Coinage Offences,

14

14

16

16

Deportation,

58

99

99

Embezzlement,

56

House and Godown Breaking,

7

99

78 16

47

63 25%

60 67

11

46

57 19%

Intimidation and Extortion,...

23

23 44

44

Kidnapping,

6

11

20

4)

22

Арв

91%

...

Manslaughter,

Murder,

Larceny,

Larceny from Dwelling House,

Larceny on Ship and Wharf,

Murder, Attempted,

Obtaining by False Pretences,.

Receiving and Unlawful Possession,

Robbery,..

་་

Rogue and Vagabond,

180

980 2,160 1,449 1,185 2,634

55%

51 509 560

67

572 639 11%

26

153 179 73

102

175

42%

...

4

6

3

6

50%

7

15

22

10

15

25

20%

...

14

5

19

2

5

7

29%

35 20

28

80

65%

352

352 438

438

35

134

169 32 113

145

22%

46

46

77

77

Women and Girls,...

63

63

63

63

204

42 246 137

35 172

80%

Other Serious Offences,

Total,

1,687 2,042 4,729 3,130 2,203 5,333

Europeans.

Indians.

Chinese.

€€

ن

]

151

45

1

396

91

3

2

13

1 12,296.98

13

5

...

99

1

9

7

30,338.46

9

6 19,344.70

42

22

1 1,333

79

75

ลง

2

...

37

381

34

...

66

- N

61

2

3

113

4

9 2,948

-

1,923.63

28

93.00

1,444.50

...

[I

232 197,597.56 16 122,144.11

32,310.22

14,941.05

21| 24,315.64

995.70

...

- K 37 -

25|130,840.89

20.00

1

92

19 59,419,50

3,610.26

20

2

20

60

3,727.00

6 688 600,024.84 | 55,338.36

Table II.- Continued.

VALUE OF

PROPERTY

STOLEN.

VALUE OF

PROPERTY

RECOVERED.

Chinese.

Charge case.

Cases without

charge.

Total cases.

Charge cases.

Cases without charge.

Total cases.

YEARLY RETURN OF CRIME FOR THE WHOLE COLONY FOR THE YEAR 1924.

1923.

1924.

PERSONS

CONVICTED.

PERSONS

DISCHARGED,

% Charge cases to total.

Europeans.

Indians.

Chinese.

Europeans.

Indians.

MISCELLANEOUS OFFENCES.

-

C.

e-

3

- K 38

Damage to Property,.

29

1

30

16

16

...

19

:

Dangerous Goods,.

35

35

34

34

::

33

...

6

20

:

...

Drunkenness,

67

67

43

43

22

7

15

...

Forestry Offences,

467

467

601

601

.641

Gambling,....

455

455

485

485

2,776

Hawking Offences,.

4,899

4,899 6,233

6,233

6,109

223

236

Lottery Offences,

74

74

112

112

125

...

45

Mendicants,

32

32

23

23

32

Merchant Shipping Ordinance,

169

169

276

276

851

24

...

Morphine,

5

5

Nuisances,

251

251

370

370

385

29

...

Opium,

1,608

1,608 2,607

2,607

8,086

817

Revenue,

238

238 186

186

177

16

Stowaways,

43

43

30

30

6

79

...

...

Vagrants,

30

30 27

27

18

1

13

Vehicles and Traffic,

454

454

482

482

466

22

Other Miscellaneous Offences,

517

97 614 639

72

711

90%

10 898

3

137

Total,

9,373

98 9,471 12,164

72 12,236

56

24 20,705

00

1,600

Grand Total,

11,060 2,140 14,200 15,294 2,275 17,569

14,200 15

:

60

33 23,653

تان

3

6 2,288 600,024,84 55,338,36

...

1

Table III.

PIRACIES, 1924..

Date.

Ship and Name and Address of Complainant.

Place of Occurrence.

Estimated

No. of Pirates. Dialect Spoken.

Property

Stolen.

Estimated

Value of

No. of Persons Kidnapped.

Remarks.

- K 39

21st January, s.s. Tai Lee, Sze Yap S.S. 1924.

Company.

Between Wong Mun 8 members of the and Kong Mun.

$150,000.00

Nil,

crew and 12

others.

26th January, Norwegian Steamer "Salen ". 1924.

2nd March,

1924.

S/L Kwong Shun, Hongkong Sham Sui Po Ferry Coy. 30th March, Trading Junk No. T. 5122 H. 1924.

Canton River: 5 miles from Secape Creek.

Hongkong Harbour.

60 men, Dialect | £1,500, 0. 0. unknown.

Nil.

12 men, Punti.

Not stated.

75 males,

il females.

Off Tung Head, Tai 6 men, Hoklo. Lung Hau.

$3,800.00

Nil.

11th April,

1924.

s.s. Tai Lee, Sze Yap S S.. Coy. About 9 miles from 10 men, Punti. (attempted).

Nil.

Nil.

Wongmun.

12th June,

1924.

S/L Lee On & two Lighters of | Near Sai Ling Chinese 12 men, Punti. Hongkong.

Not stated.

3 males.

Capt. Willox and one. Indian Guard killed and two Guards wounded.

No Casualties, Pirates came on board at Canton disguised as coal coolies.

Pirates boarded as passengers at Sham Sui Po.

Pirates boarded from a sailing

boat.

Seven Chinese passengers were wounded.

Pirates boarded from small boats.

Waters.

19th June,

1924.

S/L Moonshine of Hongkong.

Near Tai Nam Mei in 40 men, Punti. Chinese Waters.

$9,000.00

4 males.

Pirates boarded from the Gun- boat "Kwan On".

Ship aud

Name and Address of Complainant.

Table III.—Continued.

PIRACIES, 1924.

Place of Occurrence.

Estimated No. of Pirates. Dialect Spoken.

Estimated

Value of

Property

No. of Persons Kidnapped.

Remarks.

Stolen.

*

- K 40

25th June,

1924.

S.S. Wai Hoi, Chinese owned.

Near Tai Wo Hau, in | 4 men, Dialect Chinese Waters. unknown.

$7,000.00

32 persons.

30th July,

1924.

S/L Wai Hung of Hongkong.

5th August,

Lic. Fishing Junk No. 141 IIY. Off Ko Lan in Sheki

30-40, Dialect

Nil.

Nil.

Pirates

1924.

(Attempted).

district.

unknown.

Pirates travelled as passengers from Wu Chau.

Commandeered by Chinese Troops.

were in two Steam Launches, 2 members of Junk's crew wounded.

Company.

25th October,

1924.

S.S. Wai Hoi, Chinese owned.

Hongkong.

27th September, SL Tang On, Tung Fat SL Off Sai Ma Ling in 9 men, Panti. 1924. Chinese Waters.

At Ong Sung Kong in Chinese Waters.

22nd November, S/L Koug Mo and Lighters, of Off Shui Lam 1924.

7th December, Lie. Fishing Junk No. 3140 HA. | Off Ping Hoi, Chinese 7 men, Hoklo.

!

$300.00

Nil.

No casualties.

12 men, Punti.

$10,000,00

Nil.

1 member of the crew killed and 1 wounded.

in Heungshan District.

15 men, Dialect unknown.

$510.00

Nil.

Pirates boarded from small boats, no casualties.

$434.00

Nil.

1924.

Waters.

Pirates boarded from a sailing boat, no casualties.

Date.

..

K 41

Table IV.

Arms and Ammunition seized and confiscated during the year, 1924.

Description of Arms.

Arms Ammunition seized. seized.

In Store ou 31st December, 1924.

Arms.

Ammunition.

Winchester Rifles

CO

3

862

56

4,310

Rifles-Various makes,.

27

3,604

25

16,611

German Rifles.

3

ไว้

Mauser Pistols

932

237,250

2,530

158,338

Automatic Pistols

256

25,292

83

23,022

Revolvers

627

66,408

188

16,255

Shot Guns

300

2

200

Luger Pistols

172

59,143

312

10,727

Thompson Sub Machine

Guns

20

19,950

...

Machine Guns, Locks

2

Under

one month.

1 month and under

1 year.

VICTORIA,

KOWLOON.

K 42

Table V.

DUMPED BODIES, 1924.

HARBOUR.

ELSEWHERE.

1 year and

and

5 years 15 years

under

and

under

5 years.

over.

Under one month.

1 month and under

5

15 years.

1 year.

1 year and under 5 years.

years

and under

15 years and

Under one

over.

month.

15 years.

1 month and under 1 year.

1 year and under

5 years and under

15 years and

Under one

5 years,

over.

month.

15 years.

1 month and under 1 year.

1 year and under

5 years.

years

and under

15 years.

15 years and over.

sex

m.

f.

m.

f.

unk.

sex lunk.

m.

f.

sex unk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

sex

m.

unk.

sex unk.

sex

sex

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

junk.

f. m.

m.

f.

m.

f.

unk.

sex Junk.

m. f. m.

sex

sex

f.

m、

f.

m.

f.

m. f.

junk.j

junk.

1}],

f.

m.

f.

36

17 7 37

45

1 216 176

2

19

7

14

2

47

36

13 |182142

2184 139 2 27

17

20 8

3

2 2 26

21 45 37 2 10 12

48

11

24

12

21 26 1

نت

3

:

Year.

Victoria. Kowloon, Harbour. Elsewhere.

Total.

Males.

Females. Unknown. Children.

Adults.

1919,

220

144

139

77

580

312

252

16

574

نا

1920,

235

257

126

38

656

295

347

14

650

6

1921,

208

282

108

13

641

340

287

14

630

11

1922,

382

392

137

30

941

527

407

7

890

51

1923,

959

381

169

19

1,528

827

670

31

1,468

60

1924,

579

819

219

99

1,716

968

715

33

1,610

160

Total.

1,716

پیر

K 13

REPORT BY THE CHIEF OFFICER

HONGKONG FIRE BRIGADE.

1. Cost of Fire Brigade.—The cost of the Fire Brigade for the year 1924 was $199,570.00 as compared with $166,786.00 in 1923 and $177,799 in 1922. Special Expenditure amounting to $49,187.00 is included. This heading comprizes the addition of 1 First Aid Fire Tender and other equipment enumerated in the Superintendent's Report.

2. New Fire Float.-Tenders were called for the new Fire float referred to in my 1923 Report and construction commenced late in 1924. The accepted tender amounting to $170,000.00 calls for delivery of this float, which is provided with a goitre telescopic tower fitted with a powerful monitor, within 9 months. There are two monitors capable of delivering 2,000 gallons per minute each. The increasing number of fires in the harbour added to those on shore near the water front shows the wisdom of making this further provision for ships and water front fires.

3. New Central Fire Station.-During the early part of the year the steel framework of the building was completed. A re- grettable delay in starting work on the superstructure followed and the actual contract for completing the building was not let until September last. However the new contractors Messrs. Trollope and Colls have got to work with commendable energy and it is anticipated that the structure should be near completion by the end of 1925.

4. Recruits. The difficulty of obtaining suitable recruits and of retaining men after completing their training continued through- out the year. However there is now a fair prospect of obtaining all the men required. On completing their training they enter into an agreement to serve for 3 years. This arrangement should considerably reduce the number of resignations. The firemen recruited shortly after the reorganization of the Brigade have now reached a high state of efficiency as two demonstrations given during the year showed. The provision of a Challenge Cup for the best Motor Escape team and other prizes has proved a most useful incentive to increased efficiency. The thanks of the Brigade are due to those firms which have contributed so generously to the Prize Fund.

5. Sub-Officers--The appointment in 1924 of four native Sub-Officers with a good knowledge of English has proved a step in the right direction and a great improvement on the old interpreters who had no knowledge of fire fighting, and fully justifies the further provision of such officers in the 1925 Estimates.

6. Motor Drivers School.-The question of providing an adequate number of competent drivers has been satisfactorily

:

1

K 44

settled by the provision, rather in the nature of an experiment in 1923, of a Fire Brigade Motor Drivers School under the direct supervision of the Superintendent of the Brigade and the Chief Motor Mechanic, Kowloon Canton Railway. This school success- fully turned out 9 drivers during the year fully competent to take charge of the powerful Fire Brigade pumps and other appliances and it may now be regarded as a permanent institution in the Brigade. All drivers trained in this School are under agreement with the Brigade for 5 years on an incremental scale of pay.

7. General and Fire Inspection Work.-Full details of the work of the Fire Brigade are contained in the Superintendent's report. Particular attention must be drawn to the Fire inspection work which is rapidly increasing with the construction of a large number of premises exceeding 5 stories in height. This work fall- within the special province of the Superintendent himself, whose work in this branch of the fire service is proving most valuable and efficient. Practically every new large building has now its own fire service together with augmenter pumps for increasing the pressure of water in the building and also adaptors enabling Fire Brigade pumps to be coupled up from outside to the private fire installation and thus increase the pressure in the fire mains through- out the building.

8. Fires and Loss of Life.-The actual number of fires, though less than in 1923, show 7 serious fires in 1924 as against 3 in 1923, several unfortunately atttended by serious loss of life. The loss of one fireman, who was killed when the verandah of No. 191 Queen's Road West, collapsed during a fire on these premises is greatly regretted.

1st April, 1925.

E. D. C. WOLFE, Chief Officer, Fire Brigade.

2

K 45

Annexe C.

NUMBER OF CALLS, FIRES, ETC.

The Brigade received 148 calls to fires, or supposed fires, the number for the year 1923 being 170. The number of fires, exclud- ing chimney fires, attended by the Brigade was 91 of which 7 were serious fires. (See Table IV).

LIVES LOST.

Ten persons, including 1 Fireman (H.K.F.B.) lost their lives at fires and two received such injuries that they subsequently succumbed.

Brief details are set out hereunder

12th July, 03.23 hrs. 191 Queen's Road W.-Building of 3 floors, used as electrical accessories and fancy goods shop and tenement dwellings :-When the Brigade arrived the whole build- ing was a mass of flames. One female who was found in the street severely burned, and injured by jumping from the 2nd floor verandah, was despatched to Hospital near by; she succumbed later in the day. As soon as entry could be effected the incinerated bodies of 1 woman and 2 children were found on the 2nd floor verandah. These bodies were about to be removed when the verandah suddenly collapsed precipitating the bodies and 2 Firemen into the street, the falling masonry dislodging Fireman (No. 32) Lo Fook from the first floor ladder, killing him instantly, also injuring Station Officer Mr. Moss (both feet fractured) and 8 Firemen. The injured were despatched at once to Hospital on Brigade appliances and all have since recovered. The bodies of another woman and child were found amongst the debris on the first floor verandah,

The fire originated in rear of the shop and immediately under the staircase which on becoming instantly involved, precluded the occupants gaining exit by its means. Those who did escape were

all males who were able to clamber around outside the verandahs to the next building.

17th July, 03.46 hrs, 36 Sai Street, Victoria C.—Building of 3 floors, used as laundry and tenement dwelling :-This was a late call. The fire originated in the drying room at rear of ground floor and the inmates made several vain attempts to extinguish it. When the Brigade arrived the whole building was involved, the roof had collapsed and both upper floors followed shortly after. When the fire was almost extinguished it was reported that 1

K 46

woman and 2 children were missing. Their bodies were found amongst the debris below where the staircase had originally been.

28th October, 00.45 hrs. 77 Wellington Street, Victoria, C.-- Building of 4 floors, used as sun helmet and cotton quilt makers, upper floors as tenement dwellings :-Fire originated amongst some raw cotton stored in cock-loft over which was the staircase and a wooden ceiling. Owing to the inflammable nature of the contents the whole building was quickly involved. A female child aged 4 years was rescued, terribly burned, from the first floor and taken to Hospital but died a few hours later.

1st December, 15.50 hrs. 19 & 17 Catchick Street, Kennedy Town, W.-Two buildings, each of 3 floors, adjoining and com- municating, used as rattan store and tenement dwellings:--Fire originated on the first floor of No. 19 which floor was stocked with rattan. The 2 upper floors of both buildings were well alight when the Brigade arrived. A girl injured (leg broken) by jumping from the second floor, was discovered in the yard at rear and despatched to Hospital (since recovered). The second floors and roofs of both buildings collapsed simultaneously bringing with them the incinerated body of a woman aged 63 years.

MEN KILLED OR INJURED

The number of members killed or injured in the execution of their duties was 15, summarised as follows :—

Killed

Contusions

1

4

Injuries to head and face

1

Injuries to hands and arms

.2

Injuries to legs

.7

SICKNESS AND DEATH

There were 168 cases of illness, 2 of which resulted in death.

STAFF CHANGES

During the year 2 European Foremen (Police) and 62 other ranks were struck off the strength of the Brigade; 34 men were trained as Firemen and passed out of the Drill Class into the Brigade, while 18 men were appointed to positions as Sub-Officers, Telephone Clerks, Motor Drivers and Fitters.

K 47

STRENGTH OF Brigade

The authorised strength of the Brigade on the 31st December 1924 totalled 184 including all ranks, viz :-

FIRE STAFF

Europeans

1 Chief Officer (Hon. C.S.P.)

1 Superintendent

2 Station Officers

1 Consulting Engineer

(A.G.M.S.)

Chinese

4 Sub-Officers 1 Head Foreman 3 Foremen

3 Asst. Foremen 85 Firemen

26 Motor Drivers

4 Coxswains 2 Engineers 6 Engine Drivers

10 Stokers

6 Seamen

CLERICAL, TECHNICAL AND OTHER STAFF

Europeans

2 Overseers (P.W.D.)

1 Dangerous Goods Inspec-

tor (Police)

Chinese

3 Interpreters

6 Telephone Clerks 2 Motor Mechanics 3 Fitters

6 Ambulance Attendants

3 Artisans

2 Liftmen

1 Caretaker

155

29

THEATRE AND OTHER DUTIES

The number of duties performed by members of Brigade at public and private entertainments during the year was 516; the number of four hour duties being 184 and eight hour duties 332, thus a total of 3,392 hours.

MOTOR AMBULANCE SERVICE.

The Motor Ambulance Service shows a considerable increase in the number of cases during 1924 when compared with previous years. Nos. 1 and 2 Motor Ambulances, stationed at Central Fire Station and Kowloon Fire Station respectively have attended no fewer than 2,129 cases as shewn in the undermentioned summary —

K 48

Cases

Distance Run

Total

Police! Private

(Miles).

No. 1 Ambulance (Hongkong)

686

989 1,675

12,413

No. 2

"

(Kowloon) 205

249 454

3,414

Total......

891 1,238 2,129

15,827

Ambulance Calls.

1924 1923 1922

1921

Nos. 1 & 2 Ambulances...... 2,129 1,712 1,185

420

REVENUE.

Theatre and Other Duties......... $ 1,911 Motor Ambulance Service.........$ 6,387

Total............$ 8,298

ADDITIONS, ALTERATIONS AND INAUGURATIONS,

STATIONS,

Temporary Sub-Station, Mong Kok.-The premises formerly used as a Police Station at Mong Kok were converted into a Sub- Fire Station and occupied during the year and a duty with one Motor Tender (No. 7, transferred from Kowloon F.B. Station) and 8 men commenced.

Kowloon Station.-Drill yard surfaced with tarred macadam.

Temporary Sub-Station, Wanchai.-Drill yard enlarged and surfaced with cement.

6

APPLIANCES.

No. 10 Machine Tilling-Stevens".--A new First-aid Motor Fire Tender, carrying a 45 ft. Double-Extension Ladder was added to the equipment during the year. Its adoption is mainly for use

K 49

in the Hill District. The "first-aid" apparatus comprises a small pump, a tank holding 140 gallons of water and a reel on which is 250 ft. of rubber tubing. The Tender also carries hose for getting to work from hydrants.

No. 1 Machine "Merryweather".-Supplied in 1912 and formerly a Tender was converted into a Motor Lorry for Brigade

use.

APPARATUS

Street Fire Alarms.-The inauguration of Street Fire Alarms in the Kowloon Peninsula was effected during the year and six fire alarms were installed in important areas.

Pedestal Hydrants.--The installation of 23 Pedestal Hydrants in Hongkong during 1924 marks a further welcome advance in the fire fighting equipment of the Colony.

WATER SUPPLY

The water supply has been considerably improved during the year in the Eastern and Western areas of Hongkong and, on the Kowloon side, in the districts of Kowloon City Reclamation and Mong Kok Tsui respectively.

Larger mains, to replace smaller ones have been laid and pedestal hydrants fitted in the above areas of Hongkong; while new mains have been laid, pipe lines extended and additional hydrants fitted in various Districts in Kowloon,

H. T. BROOKS, Superintendent, Fire Brigade.

23rd February, 1925,

g fire escapes.

~

:

2

:

:

Steam Fire Engines.

Mannal Fire Engine.

:

:

:

:

:

: :

:

Hose Reels.

:

:

:

:

Fire Floats. (Steam)

ESCAPES AND LADDERS.

Table I

STATIONS AND APPLIANCES, 31st DECEMBER, 1924.

:..

Skiffs.

Fire Escapes. 55 ft.

Fire Escapes. 50 ft.

Double-Extension Ladders.

First Floor. Ladders.

Hook Ladders.

:

:.

:

00

19

19

......

:

31

D

N

:

2

1

3

11

14

12

10

4

10

Carry First-Aid Appliances.

:

3

4

: :

f

:

:

"Miller" Soda-acid.

21

Despatch Boxes.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

18

20

:

:

+

01

w

EXTINCTEURS. CHEMICAL

(2 GALL)

BRANCHES.

2

N

"Babcock Soda-acid.

"Morris" Foam compound.

(American) "Foamite."

Hand Pumps.

"Ajax " diaphram.

"London" hand-controlled.

2

:

:

:

:

:

...

:

36

24

108

66

1

N

N

2

نت

4

6

3

4

3

10

N

11

*

4

N

تت

:

:

te

:

:

:

.

§ Mounted on a pontoon.

F

:

00

--

Metal, (copper).

Standpipes.

Smoke Helmets. (bellows)

"Proto

"

self-contained

Breathing Apparatus.

Hand Lamps. (portable

acetylene)

Jumping Sheets.

Canvas Chutes.

Large Dam.

Small Dams.

:

:

:

:

:

:

: :

:

:

12

2

1

10

F

زارم

4' Unlined.

CANVAS HOSE.

23* Rubber lined.

23′′ Unlined.

Feet

Feet

Fret

2,600

3,600

1,200

2,200

800

...

1,400

K 50

2,400

3,200

1

2,400

2,550)

400

1,500

200

1,300

1,200

1,200

1,000

11,200

450

1,000

2,100

:

4,500 8,000 |31,400

Appendix L.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF

PRISONS FOR THE YEAR 1924.

1. The number of prisoners received into prison during the year and the corresponding number for year 1923 were as follows:-

Convicted by Ordinary Courts

Convicted by Court Martial

Debtors...

...

1923. 1924.

...4,277

6,339

4

1

17

39

On remand or in default of finding surety..1,040 1,003

5.338 7,382

There was an increase of 2,044 on the total number of admissions as compared with the year 1923. There was an in- crease of prisoners convicted for larceny during the year under review, the number being 1.345 against 1,060 for the previous

year.

2. The number of Revenue Grade prisoners admitted to prisons was 4,695 made up as follows:--

Convicted under the Opium Ordinance

39

""

Gambling Ordinance...

Ordinance

Arms and

Ammunition

Vehicles Ordinance

>>

""

Water Works

35

**

99

**

A

Harbour Regulations...

...

Marine Hawkers Ordinance

...

2,457

147

...

131

47

46

16

44

28

17

LI

27

19

12

...

Dangerous Goods Ordinance Chinese Wine and Spirit

Ordinance

Societies Ordinance

Public Health and Buildings

Ordinance

Truck Ordinance

...

Women and Girls (Protec-

tion) Ordinance

Importation and Exporta-

tion Ordinance

Pharmacy and Poisons Ord.

12

""

""

***

Tobacco Ordinance

Police Regulations

Carried forward...

3

...

52

...

11

...

3,078

L 2

Brought forward.....

Convicted of removing dead body without permission.....

committing nuisance in the street... unlawfully boarding steamers

>>

2

>>

A

"

>>

e

hawking without a licence

cruelty to animals

keeping houses for prostitution

illegal pawning

drunkenness

trespass

disorderly conduct

assault

...

...

...

...

3,078

11

13

16

198

...

9

21

7

obstruction

**

55

cutting trees

>>

*

removing sand without permission... mendicancy

unlawful possession of lottery tickets unlawful possession.......

stealing

33

***

33

13

57

31

74

25

81

13

33

38

328

153

24

32

64

11

53

12

4.695

possession of implement fit for unlawful

purpose

offering bribe

...

J

obtaining by false pretences

soliciting in a public thoroughfare for the

purpose of prostitution

unlawful receiving

...

travelling on tram car without paying

legal fare

Total

3. The above, figures show that 74 per cent of the total admissions to prison were Revenue Grade prisoners.

The following table shows the number of prisoners committed to prison without the option of fine and in default of payment of fine :-

In default of payment of fine.

Without Year, option of

Served the

Paid full

Paid part

Total.

imprison-

fine.

fine.

fine.

ment.

1923

926

2,895

927

159

4,277

1924

* 1,644

4,135

285

275

6,339

1.

L 3

4. One hundred and one (101) juveniles were admitted during the year, with sentences varying from 24 hours detention to 12 months hard labour. In 12 cases corporal punishment was awarded in addition.

5. The percentage of convicted prisoners admitted to prison with previous convictions recorded against them was 17 as com- pared with 14.5 for 1923.

6. There were 147 prisoners admitted who were convicted by the Police Courts in the New Territories against 99 for the previous year.

7. The following table shows the number of convictions in custody on the 31st December for the past 10 years, and the percentage of the total number of prisoners in custody to the estimated population of Hongkong :-

Percentage

Year. Estimated Number of

of

population. convicts. population.

Daily average number of prisoners.

Precentage

to

population.

1915 516,870

213

*041

594

*115

1916 528,010

203

*038

638

121

1917

535,100

209

*038

600

*112

1918

558,000

224

*040

601

*108

1919 598,100

259

*043

756

126

1920 648,150

275

*043

755

117

1921 665,850

231

*035

764

•115

1922

662.200

259

*039

787

119

1923 681,800

294

•043

861

126

1924 799,550

345

*043

1,066

*133

8. There were 463 punishments awarded for breach of prison discipline as compared with 432 for the preceding year. Corporal punishment was inflicted in twelve cases for prison offences.

9. Ninety four (94) prisoners were whipped by order of Courts.

10. There was no escape, but one attempt to escape.

11. There were 6 deaths (5 natural causes and 1 execution).

12. 11,673,172 forms were printed and issued to various Government Departments and 69,543 books bound or repaired, as compared with 9,440,324 forms and 70,809 books in 1923.

L 4

13. The buildings are in good repair.

14. The conduct of both European and Indian Staff with few exceptions was very good.

15. The appliances for use in case of fire are in good con- dition and the water supply adequate.

16. One new hall was taken into use at L.C.K. to accom- modate juvenile offenders, in November.

17. The rules laid down for the Government of prisons have been complied with.

18. I append the usual returns.

H. BLOXHAM, Superintendent of Prisons.

5th June, 1925.

?

Table I.

Return showing the Expenditure aud Income for the year 1924.

EXPENDITURE.

C.

INCOME.

Pay and allowance of officers including Uni-

form, etc.

235,087.37

Earning of prisoners Debtors' subsistence

Victualling of prisoners

76,964.53

Naval

do.

Fuel, light, soap, and dry earth

31,163.71

To Balance

Clothing of prisoners, bedding, and furniture...

31,942.53

Total

$375,158,14

1923

$324,698.26

*A

c.

121,664.03

219.00

138.00

253,137.11

- L 5 -

Total.

$375,158.14

Average annual cost per prisoner $237.56, in 1923 $240.88, and in 1922 $209.72.

- L 6-

Table II.

Retura showing Expenditure and Income for the past 10 years.

Year.

Expenditure. Income.

Actual cost of prisoners' maintenance.

Average cost per

prisoner.

$

· C.

C.

$

ር.

e.

1915.....

109,369.95

65,544.33

43,825.62

73.78

1916......) 112,615.70

70,019.18

42,596.52

66.77

1917...... 108,212.42

68,815.01

39,397.42

65.66

1918...... 108,651.95

70,747.97

37,903.98

63.07

1919.

135,550.16

1920..... 258,609.17

1921..... 297,970.56

69,277.07

66,273.09

87.66

66,547.61 192,061.56

254.37

79,635.73

218,334.83

286.78

1922..... 291,175.12

126,124.62

165,050.50

209.72

1923...... 324,698.26

117,302.22

207,396.04

240.88

1924

375,158.14

121,664.03

253,137.11

237.56

Table III.

Return showing value of Industrial Labour for the year 1924.

1

2

Value of

stock on

Value of

Nature of Industry.

haud

materials

Total Dr.

January 1st purchased. 1924.

4

Value of

articles

manufactur- ed or work

done for

payment.

6

7

Value of

articles

Value of

manufactur-

stock on

ed or work

hand

Total Cr.

done for

December

Gaol or other 31st, 1924. | Departments.

8

Value of

earnings.

(Difference

between

columus

3 and 7.)

C.

e.

ር.

C.

Oakum,

83.79

83.79

560,00

83.79

643.79

C.

560.00

Coir,..

3,924.35

4,308.49

8,232.84

3,152.32

4,156.73

3,628.25

11,237.30

3,004.46

Net-making,

20.08

135,06

155.14

310.56

16.97

9.30

336.83

181.69

Tailoring,

911.95

14,116.53

15,028.48

66.05

13,407.56

3,509.64

16,983.25

1,954.77

Rattan,

1.40

1,412.60

1,414.00

4.25

1,534.20

16.75

1,555.20

141.20

Tin-smithing,

49.80

1,294.46 1,344.26

34.05

2,543.50

130.00

2,707.55

1,363.29

Carpentering,

561.40

2,100.90

2,662.30

1,001.35

1,919.81

533.35

3,454.54

792.24

Grass-matting,

.36

132.80

133.16

246.00

1.04

247.04

113.88

Shoe-making,

2,244.75

5,761.08

8,005.83

86.80

6,885.73

1,912.01

8,884.57 878.74

Laundry,

12.25

2,588.24

2,600.49

Printing and Bookbinding,

59,368.97 | 94,184.03 |153,548.00

Photography,

18.75

814.00

832.75

Total,..

$ | 67,192.85 126,848.19 |194,041.04

20.12 13,298.42 10,697.93

73,821.25 255,189.40 101,641.40

234,13 5,913.35 226,120.89 83,670.83 315,705.07 121,664.03

Paid into Bank during 1924, which sum includes $337.73 for work executed in 1923, $44.27. Value of work executed during 1924 for which payment was deferred to 1925, $482,90.

13,278.30

347.85 |181,020.30

50.12 1,111.76

5.30 1,167.18

L 7-

SANITARY REPORT

FOR THE YEAR

1924

M 2

CONTENTS, -Continued.

Page

84

86

...

86

86

87

...

88

Slaughter Houses Revenue ...

Grass Supply for Government Bullocks

Export of Lard, Dried Meats, etc.

Quarantine

Infectious disease in the Colony

Experimental Shipment of Live Stock from Australia

4. Appendices:---

Appendix A. Staff...

B. Nuisances reported...

C.

""

""

D. (i)

classified

by Health Districts

D. (ii) Prosecutions

E. House Cleansing

""

""

15

...

17

18

19

20

21

F, (i) Number of Chinese Houses, Hongkong 22

F. (ii)

Kowloon. 23

::

G. Houses limewashed

"

H. Children vaccinated

"

I.

24

25

Table 1. Cost of Refuse Collection

...

26

2.

修剪

Removal

27

""

""

J.

""

"

3. Comparative cost for 2 years

List of Ambulance and Dead Van Stations

K. Markets revenue

L. Burial space in Cemeteries

27

28

***

29

30

M. Certified and Uncertified deaths

...

31

N. Revenue ...

32

"

27

0. Expenditure

33

5. Tables:-

Table 1. Deaths registered

...

2. Notifiable diseases cases

35

3.

99

""

6. Maps

distribution

...

69

70

71

...

72

73

4. Monthly distribution of plague infected

rats

5. Number and causes of deaths

Hongkong Health Districts ...

7. Graph

Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fevers 1924

52

32

M 1

CONTENTS.

Page

1. Report of the Head of the Sanitary Department :-

Sanitary Board Members

Legislation

Staff

...

Administration

...

...

Work done under the Public Health & Buildings

Ordinance

...

...

Work done under Food and Drugs Ordinance and Sect.

83. P. H. & B. O.

Vaccination of children...

Scavenging

Refuse Removal

...

...

Nightsoil Removal...

...

...

Work done at Disinfecting Stations Ambulance and Dead Box Service Public Bath Houses

...

Water Closets and Public Conveniences Markets and Special Food Licences Cemeteries, Mortuaries, Crematoria Births and Deaths Registration Revenue and Expenditure

...

2. Report of the Medical Officer of Health :-

Meteorological data Population

...

Immigration and Emigration

Births

Deaths

...

...

...

...

Age distribution of death Diseases

Tables

...

...

...

3. Report of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon

Staff

General Statistics

Diseases in Depots...

...

Kennedy Town Animal Crematorium ...

...

...

...

...

:

...

:

...

...

3

Co

6

7

7

8

10

10

10

11

12

14

37

37

38

38

39

A

40

41

69-81

...

...

83

::

...

...

83

83

84

M 3

REPORT OF THE HEAD OF THE SANITARY

DEPARTMENT.

1. SANITARY BOARD.

1. The following were members of the Sanitary Board during the year:

President, the Head of the Sanitary Department, Mr. G. R.

Sayer from 1st January to 6th March; Mr. N. L. Smith from 7th March to 22nd October, and Mr. D. W. Tratman from 23rd October to 31st December. Vice-President, the Director of Public Works, the Honour-

able Mr. H. T. Creasy.

The Secretary for Chinese Affairs, the Honourable Mr. E. R. Hallifax, C.B.E., for whom Mr. A. E. Wood acted from 8th January to 24th December.

The Medical Officer of Health, Mr. W. W. Pearse, M.D., D.P.H., for whom Mr. A. G. M. Severn, M.D., D.P.H,, acted from 15th December to 31st December.

Lieut-Colonel F. G. Fitzgerald, D.S.O., R.A.M,C.

Dr. W. V. M. Koch.

Mr. Seen-wan Tso, LL.D.

Mr. Wong Kwong-tin.

Mr. C. G. Alabaster, K.C., O.B.E.

Dr. J. C. Macgown as from 11th December vice Dr. F. M.

Graça Ozoria resigned, 30th November.

2.-LEGISLATION.

Amendments in the following by-laws were made by the Board and approved by the Legislative Council.

1. The Prevention of the Dissemination of Disease by Mosquitoes By-laws were amended so as to prohibit the erection of bamboo scaffolding etc. having exposed cavity capable of retaining water.

2. The Domestic Cleanliness and Ventilation By-laws were amended to enable the Board to regulate the cost of the limewashing of tenement floors.

3. The Special Matshed Regulations were amended on the recommendation of the Board to require the provision of fly-proof receptacles in latrines.

3.-DEPARTMENTAL STAFF.

Inspectors.

1. The establishment was increased by the appointment of

three Second Class Inspectors.

-

M 4

J

2 Arrivals:

From leave.

On appointment.

Inspector H Strange (8th February).

L. Brewer (18th September). H. Millington (13th November). C. Strange (Ith February). J. Stirton (4th April). H. Jordan (18th April). B. Murray (1st January). P. Knight (1st January). A. Morley (24th April).

>>

32

On probation,

""

3.-Departures:-

On leave.

On retirement.

On transfer.

(to P.W.D.)

Seconded:-

Inspector H. Millington (23rd February).

L. Brewer (22nd March). F. Allen (25th May).

*

"1

Sen Insp. R. G. McEwen (27th August). Inspector F. Allen (9th October).

(to Government House)

(to S.C.A.)

Resigned.

4. Promotions :-

""

"3

""

19

W. Morgan (25th January). F. Bradley (1st September).

J. J. Gregory (1st March).

H. Lockhart (1st March).

J. Simmons (29th February).

Second Class Inspectors J. Watson and H. Lockhart to First

Class Inspectors on 1st December.

Inspector R. Duncan acted as Senior Inspector from 27th

August vice Senior Inspector R. G. McEwen on leave.

5. Clerical Staff:-

Two Class VI Clerks were added.

4.-ADMINISTRATION.

General Sanitary Work:-The area controlled by the Sanitary Board is limited to the Island of Hongkong and to Kowloon and New Kowloon.

For the purpose of administering the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance the Island of Hongkong is divided into the City of Victoria; its extension eastwards as far as and including Shaukiwan; the Hill District and the outlying villages of Aberdeen, Aplichau, Stanley and Taitam.

The City proper is divided into eastern, central, western-central and western districts each with a sanitary office, and subdivided into 12 Health Districts each with a Sanitary Inspector in charge, (see map A). The Hill District is worked in conjunction with Health District 3. The Shaukiwan extension has a Sanitary Inspector in charge. A new office has been provided in Aberdeen, and a cleansing staff. The Sanitary Inspector posted there is in charge of Aberdeen, Aplichau, Stanley and Taitam districts.

M 5

Kowloon is divided into Kowloon peninsula, Shamshuipo and Kowloon City each with a sanitary office, and subdivided into six Health Districts each with a Sanitary Inspector (see map B).

Scavenging and Nightsoil Removal:-For the purpose of Refuse Collection the City and Hill District is divided into three main districts, East, Central and West, each with an Inspector in charge. There is an Inspector in charge of Kowloon peninsula and the District Inspectors of Health Districts 14 and 15 combine supervision of refuse collection with district work. The Inspector in charge of Shaukiwan Health District also supervises refuse collection in this district. The villages of Aberdeen, Aplichau, Stanley and Taitam are scavenged by contractors under the supervision of the Sanitary Inspector in charge.

Inspectors in charge of refuse collection also supervise the removal of nightsoil in this area; the removal itself is carried out by contractors.

The disposal of refuse from the City of Victoria and Kowloon is supervised by a Senior Sanitary Inspector who is also in charge of street-watering in Victoria. Kowloon street-watering is under the direction of the Inspector in charge of the Disinfecting Station (Kowloon).

Disinfection -For purposes of disinfection of infected cloth- ing there is a Disinfecting Station in Victoria and a Disinfecting Station in Kowloon each under the control of an Inspector. Use is also made of portable "Sack" Disinfectors.

Cemeteries:- Public cemeteries on Hongkong Island and Kowloon are under the charge of special Inspectors.

Markets:-The Central and .Western Markets are under an Overseer. Other markets are supervised hy the local district Inspectors. -

Veterinary Work: -There is a Government depot at Kennedy Town (Hongkong) for the reception of all cattle, sheep, swine and goats brought into the Colony for slaughter. There are also. Government Slaughter Houses at Kennedy Town and Ma Tau Kok (Kowloon) and controlled slaughter houses at Aberdeen and Sai Wan Ho at one of which all animals for food must be slaughtered. The Government depot and slaughter houses are under the direct charge of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon and Assistant Colonial Veterinary Surgeon and a staff of four Inspectors. All beef in Hongkong is conveyed from slaughter house to market in specially constructed motor vans.

Depot fees are 50 cents for cattle, 10 cents for sheep, 10 cents for swine. Slaughter fees (which are not additional to depot fees are 40 cents for cattle, 20 cents for sheep and 30 cents for swine. There is a crematorium at Kennedy Town Slaughter House at which carcases can be destroyed on payment of a prescribed fee.

.

M 6

A certain number of private factories are established in the immediate vicinity of the Government Slaughter Houses (Kennedy Town and Ma Tau Kok) at which lard and meat products derived solely from these slaughter houses are prepared for export to the Philippine Islands and Canada under the direct supervision of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon and his staff,

5.-WORK DONE UNDER THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND BUILDINGS ORDINANCE.

(i) Sanitary Nuisances and Contraventions of Sanitary By- laws:-Appendix B shows the total number of nuisances reported, and the action taken to obtain compliance and the amount of fines. Of the total number of nuisances reported, in which action was taken 64% were abated after receipt of a letter. In 568 cases a legal notice failed to produce compliance. Of the summonses which followed 512 secured convictions, 25 were discharged, 1 abandoned, and 30 withdrawn.

Appendix C shows the nuisances in respect of which action was taken.

Appendix D (i) shows the Health Districts from which these nuisances were reported and Appendix D (ii) gives details of all prosecutions and the amount of fines inflicted.

(ii) Building Nuisances:-Appendix D line 1 shows by districts the number of nuisances under Part III of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance reported by this Department to the Building Authority for action. These are additional to those referred to in paragraph (i) above.

(iii) Miscellaneous Improvements :-Appendix D lines 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, shows miscellaneous improvements effected by District Inspectors in their districts. Lines 9, 10, 11, 12, show the number of houses demolished and erected. The great majority of these are tenement houses.

(iv) House Cleansing :-The routine work under the by-laws for the Prevention and Mitigation of Epidemic disease was carried out during the year. Appendix E shows the number of floors cleansed in the various districts and as compared with the last two

years.

House cleansing is carried on continuously on five mornings a week throughout the year by the staff. Appendix F shows appro- ximately the total number of Chinese houses liable for cleansing.

(v) Limewashing:-The usual limewashing required by the Domestic Cleanliness and Ventilation by-laws was carried out during the year. Appendix G shows the number of floors lime- washed. The difference between the total and the total in Appendix F is due partly to exemptions, many floors being new and not requiring limewashing. A certain number has also been carried over into 1925.

M 7 -

(vi) Rat Catching :- Twenty-eight members of the cleansing staff were employed during the year setting traps, bird-lime boards and rat-poison; also collecting rats from street rat-bins, private premises, etc., and taking them to the Public Mortuary for examina- tion. A special campaign in October-November was undertaken when rat-poison was distributed throughout urban districts. The total number of rats caught was:-

Hongkong Kowloon

..88,938 .35,285

Of these none were found to be plague infected.

-་

(vii) Mosquito Prevention: The routine work of oiling pools and inspecting dwellings for breeding places was carried out by District Inspectors, and full use was made-of the powers given by. the by-law for the Prevention of Dissemination of Disease by Mosquitoes. The usual cutting of undergrowth in May and October was also carried out in conjunction with the Botanical and Forestry Department and the Military Authorities (as regards Military lands).

(viii) Educational:-Films on Anti-Malaria Measures, kindly lent by the Shanghai Municipal Council, were by courtesy of the management, Hongkong Amusements Company, shewn at various local Cinemas.

6.-WORK UNDER FOOD AND DRUGS ORDINANCE AND SECTION 83 OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND BUILDINGS ORDINANCE.

33 samples of milk were submitted for analysis under section 12, of which 31 were found to pass the standard and 2 to be below standard.

A samples of camphorated oil (Linimentum Camphorae B. P.) were also submitted of which 2 were found to pass the standard and 4 to be below standard.

Under section 83 of the Public Health and Buildings Ordin- ance the following food stuffs were destroyed by order of the President :-

33 cases of Herrings.

7.-VACCINATION.

(i) Under the new Vaccination Ordinance, No. 12 of 1923, all Public Vaccinators are since 1st January 1924 under the control of the Principal Civil Medical Officer, who is the Superintendent of Vaccination. As Registrar of Births, the Head of the Sanitary Department is responsible for ensuring the vaccination of all children whose births are registered, and Appendix H shows the results of action so taken.

M 8

(ii) The vaccination campaign mentioned in last year's report was carried on for the first six weeks of 1924 by the Sanitary Department assisted by the same voluntary organisations.

During the 15 weeks of the campaign 399,705 vaccinations were effected, an average of over 3,700 vaccinations a day (highest daily total 7,063). The campaign was the subject of a special letter of appreciation from the Secretary of State for the Colonies.

8.-SCAVENGING.

Approximately 260 tons of refuse were received daily at the refuse depots from the City of Victoria, Hill District and Kowloon Peninsula Slightly under 10 tons daily were collected from Shau- kiwan and Quarry Bay and 23 tons from Kowloon City and dumped on waste ground. The cost of the service in Hongkong (including Shaukiwan and Quarry Bay) and Kowloon is shown in Appendix I attached. Table 3 shows a comparison with last year. The total cost has risen from $1.25 per ton to $1.30. The increase is due to normal expansions.

Outlying villages of Stanley and Taitam, and Aberdeen and Aplichau were scavenged by contract at a yearly charge of $396 for the first two and $840 for the latter two. The contractor has the privilege of receiving nightsoil in each case in addition.

9.-REFUSE REMOVAL.

The bulk of the refuse from the City of Victoria and Kowloon was barged away to sea as hitherto. Some 6,000 tons were dumped at Cheung Sha Wan where a reclamation is being gradually formed.

Appendix Table 2 shows cost of removal from Victoria, the Hill District and Kowloon peninsula. Comparative figures for the last two years will be found in Table 3. The cost works out at nearly 70 cents a ton, an increase of 5 cents on last year, due to the provision of two new shallow draft barges and one towing lighter.

Barges were delayed on five occasions for a short time only by typhoon signals.

S.D. 1 broke down once. Launches were hired during repairs at a cost of $122.00.

A new towing lighter was taken over on 3rd January and two shallow barges on 30th September.

10.-NIGHTSOIL REMOVAL,

The contractors for the removal of nightsoil from Victoria and the Kowloon Peninsula, Shaukiwan and Quarry Bay, Aberdeen and Aplichau, Stanley and Taitam respectively carried out their work satisfactorily.

M 9

During the year the monthly payment due from the contractor was reduced by $1,396.00 in respect of flush-closets opened in Victoria and $542.00 in respect of flush closets opened in Kowloon and owing to circumstances rendering the dumping of nightsoil at sea inevitable for 20 days at the end of July the con- tractor was relieved of all payment of fees for 10 days amounting to $1,717.00. The total deduction amounted to $8,972.00 for Victoria and $4,180.00 for Kowloon.

11.-WORK DONE AT DISINFECTING STATIONS.

The appended table shows the number of articles and vehicles disinfected and washed after disinfection during 1924. The figures for 1923 are given for comparison.

,

1923.

1924,

Hongkong Kowloon Hongkong Kowloon

No. of articles disinfected

28.651 17.382 25,459

52,034*

No. of public vehicles disinfected

70

9

68

7

No. of days disinfecting apparatus

in use

242

181

227

145

No. of articles washed after disin-

fection,

12,075

12,814

*Includes 29,723, articles disinfected following an outbreak

of ringworm (among the Indian troops).

During the year the following carts were constructed at the Hongkong Disinfecting Station.-

8 four-wheeled bullock carts

2 two-wheeled covered steel hand carts

$2,279.65

480.23

and miscellaneous repairs were done to the value of $1,493.97. At Kowloon Disinfecting Station miscellaneous repairs to the value of $2,589.69 were done.

12.-AMBULANCE AND DEAD BOX SERVICE,

Ambulances and dead boxes are obtainable at any time of the day or night at the two Disinfecting Stations and also by day at the Eastern and Western Sanitary Offices at which a staff of bearers, is kept. The appended table shows the number of times ambulances and dead boxes were used :-

Disinfecting Disinfecting Eastern

Western

Station Hongkong.

Station Kowloon.

District

District.

20

7

2

211

400

74

125

843

2,257

574

551

Ambulances, European... 26

Chinese

Dead boxes..

M 10

Appendix J shows the stations at which the Sanitary Depart- ment Ambulances are obtainable in emergencies. At these Stations there are no bearers attached and volunteer bearers must be obtain- ed when required.

The reduction in the use of the carriage ambulance is due to the wider use of the motor ambulances, which are controlled by the Police Department.

13.-PUBLIC BATH HOUSES.

The appended table shows the number of men, women and children who used the bath houses during 1924 and 1923 :--

$

1923.

Wanchai, Cross, Lane

Bath House

Men. 176,109

Iound Lane Bath

House

1924.

Men.

Women. Men. Children. Women, Men, Children, 67,550 131,636 18.359 59,868 123,326 15,806

The above figures must be regarded as approximate only.

The Cross Lane Bath House was undergoing reconstruction.

The loss of the bath houses in Second Street and Sheung Fung Lane noted in the last two years' reports has not yet been made good.

14.-WATER CLOSETS AND PUBLIC CONVENIENCES.

During the year five public trough closets were completed:-

Schooner Street.

Second Street.

U Yam Lane.

Ivy Street, Mong Kok.

Shek Shan.

The Board approved the installation of 773 water closets, 47 trough closets and 110 urinals on private premises.

15.--MARKETS AND SPECIAL FOOD LICENCES.

Five new markets opened during the year, viz: -Wong Nei Chung, Monmouth Path, Whitfield, Quarry Bay, Waterloo Road.

61 additional food licences were issued under section 78 of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance-

Market rentals shew a considerable increase, mainly due to the opening of markets. Appendix K gives details of rentals of the various makets.

M 11

At Mga

16.-CEMETERIES, MORTUARIES, CREMATORIA.

(i) No new cemeteries were opened during the year. Appendix L shows approximate burial space in the main cemeteries and the net available space on 31st December.

(ii) Exhumations.-Exhumations were carried out by relatives as follows:-

Aberdeen

Cheung Sha Wan

Chinese Permanent

Chai Wan

Colonial

Hau Pui Lung

Kai Lung Wan East Kowloon Tong

Ma Tau Wai

Mount Caroline

Mount Davis ...

Roman Catholic

Sai Yu Shek

Stanley

...

...

...

52/

10

...

2

77

1

108

...

212

102

...

132

258

...

12

28

59

5

...

83

27

...

1,167

...

Tung Wah Hospital

From places other than authorised

cemeteries

(b) General Exhumation at the public expense was completed

at the following cemeteries.

Kai Lung Wan East

...

Tung Wah Hospital

Ma Tau Wai...

Chai Wan

200

Mount Caroline

...

...

Sham Wan

1,504

...

...

1,406

...

198

...

548

641

...

...

785

5,792

(iii) Cremations

24 bodies were cremated at the Japanese Crematorium

and 24 at the Sikh Temple.

(iv) Mortuaries :—

172 bodies were awaiting burial at the Tung Wah

Hospital Mortuary in 1924.

(v) Removals:

387 bodies were removed from the Colony before

burial.

(vi) Interments.

:

M 12

The following table shows the number of interments at the various cemeteries during the year 1924-

PUBLIC

PRIVATE

Colonial

...

Mount Caroline

Chai Wan

Chai Wan (Christian)...

80

Roman Catholic (Happy

955

...

Valley)

161

283

Mohammedan (Happy

4

Valley)

63

...

Stanley...

Aberdeen

22

...

...

Jewish (Happy Valley)

192

Parsee

Shek O...

...

...

Kai Lung Wan East

Sai Yu Shek

Ho Man Tin... Tai Shek Ku New Territories

""

11

...

Malay

""

...

1,566

181

Chinese Roman Catholic

(So Kon Po)

4,982 Tung Wah Hospital

22

2

Chinese Permanent,

Aberdeen

Chinese Protestant, Mt.

Davis

8,280

...

1,443

5,301

...

86

68.

Chinese Christian, Kow-

loon Tong...

13

Chinese Christian, Sai

Yu Shek... Eurasian (Ho Tung)

22

...

...

4

7,162

17.-BIRTHS AND DEATHS REGISTRATION.

The General Registration Office established by Ordinance No. 7 of 1896, as amended by Ordinance No. 26 of 1923, for registration of both births and deaths is situated at the Sanitary Department, Head Office.

At this office all non-Chinese births and deaths must be registered. Chinese are required to register in the district within which the birth or death occurred. A list of such district registries for births and deaths respectively is appended. As from January 1st 1924, the death registry for Kowloon peninsula was trans- ferred from Yaumati Police Station (except on Sundays and General Holidays) to Kowloon Disinfecting Station, and Shaukiwan Police Station ceased to be a birth registry. Nos. 2 and 7 Police Stations are available for registration of deaths on Sundays and Public Holidays only, when the General Registration office is closed. The Head of the Sanitary Department is ea officio Registrar and has appointed the Police officers in charge of stations. the Inspector in charge of Kowloon Disinfecting Station and the principal clerks in charge of Dispensaries on the appended list as assistant registrars.

M 13

Death registration, being a necessary preliminary to burial, is almost universal but there is considerable ignorance of the law anong Chinese as regards registering of births. As a proof of this it may be pointed out that the records of registered midwives. show a total of 8,068 births, whereas only 4,143 births were actually registered during the year. Female births in particular are frequently not registered. This is no doubt due to the presence of a large fluctuating population completely unaccustomed to the system.

Appendix M shows the ratio of Certified and Uncertified

deaths.

Death Registration Offices.

Sanitary Department, Head Office. Kowloon Disinfecting Station. Shaukiwan Police Station,

Aberdeen Police Station.

No. 7 Police Station.

No. 2 Police Station.

Kowloon City Police Station.

Sham Shui Po Police Station.

Stanley Police Station.

Yaumati Police Station.

Birth Registration Offices.

Sanitary Department, Head Office. Yaumati Chinese Public Dispensary. Hunghom Chinese Public Dispensary. Sham Shui Po Chinese Public Dispensary.

Kowloon City Chinese Public Dispensary.

Eastern Chinese Public Dispensary.

Western Chinese Public Dispensary.

Central Chinese Public Dispensary.

Shaukiwan Chinese Public Dispensary,

Aberdeen Police Station.

Stanley Police Station.

M 14

18.-REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

(1.) Appendix N shows under the various heads the revenue collected by the Department during 1924 and also the revenue paid in to the Treasury in respect of the Department's contracts. The increase in the former over 1923 is chiefly due to rents of newly opened markets and a greater volume of slaughtering.

(2.) Appendix O shows under the various heads the Depart- ment's expenditure for the year 1924. No particular items seem to call for special mention, the increases over 1923, amounting to $47,326.69 or above 7.6%, being due to the normal expansion in the Department to meet the needs of the rapidly growing Colony. Personal Emoluments again show a similar increase to last year, viz., $28,000, and some $9,600 more was paid than in 1923 for the purchase of motor vehicles of various kinds.

May, 1925.

N. L. SMITH,

Head of the Sanitary Department.

1 H. S. D.

3 M. O. H.

- 2

Central.

D. S. Hongkong.

D. S. Kowloon.

S. H. Kennedy Town.

1 C. V. S.

1

1 A. H. S. D.

21 Clerks and Shroffs

17

1 Chief Inspector...

1

1 First Clerk

1

Senior Inspectors..

35 Inspectors

29 Interpreters

1 Storekeeper

2 Overseers

1 Asst., Storekeeper

1 Office Attendant

2 Office Coolies

2 Foremen. G.I.

11

2.

19

3.

2

4.

97

+

5.

27

6.

31

7.

13 Engineers 16 Coxswains

6 Stokers

8 Caretakers

45 Sextons

5 Tallymen

5 Bullock Boys

7 Messengers...

73 Drivers

Artisans. Drivers Cleansers

2 Apprentices

14 Motor Drivers

Motor Drivers' Mates

10 Bath House Attendants

4 Post Office Building Coolies

8 Seamen

1 Boatswain

10 10 10 +

15

:

S. H. Ma Tau Kok.

13

4

Cemeteries.

Street Watering.

Kefuse Disposal.

22

:

19

104 Bargemen

3

106

168 Cl. Coolies...

42

48

769 Scavenging Coolies

34

202 80 138

18 Artisans

24

10

12 Skld. Labourers

A

3

H. D.'s 1-3 and Peak,

22

A

H. 1's 4-6.

f. D's 7-10.

Kowloon.

SCAVENGING.

Shaukiwan.

Aberdeen.

Shankiwan.

1.

:

::

138

128

24

:

::

::

N

22

36

-1

v

::

:

VENGING.

II. D.'s 7-10.

Kowloon.

Shaukiwan.

Aberdeen.

Shankiwan.

1.

la.

2a.

2.

:

3.

4.

5.

6.

6a.

7a.

: 7.

8.

9.

10.

:

:

:

:

M 15 -

Appendix A. 1924.

) 1.

12.

13.

H. D.'s

14.

:

15.

16

7.

8.

:

9.

6

73

104

26

10

13

168

36

17

62

43

769

18

192

12

1x+

14

10

2

22

•†

19

4

13

1

16

}

15

W

172 ~]

19

10.

JI.

12.

H. D.'s.

B.

N

14.

15.

16.

East.

:

Central.

West Central,

District Offices.

West.

Bath houses.

Markets.

Leave.

Vacant.

Total.

:

M 17

Appendix B.

NUISANCE RETURN FOR THE YEAR 1924.

Outstanding (31st December, 1923)...

No. of nuisance reported

No. of nuisances reported in which

no action taken

No. of first letters sent

Compliance after first letters

No. of first letters withdrawn.

No. of second letters sent

Compliance after second letters..

No. of legal notices sent (sections 29

and 30)

No. of legal notices withdrawn (sec.

31)

....

No. of legal notices modified (section

31)

No. of legal notices time extended

(section 31)

Compliance on legal notices...

No. of summons applied for (section

32)

9.

No. of summons refused

No. of summons withdrawn

No. of Magistrate's orders (section 33)

Compliance of Magistrate's order,

summons) Fines $5,444

Cases discharged

2,256 22,279

2,256 22,279

20,346

5

3,447

...

14,374 5

2,287

7,529

8

...

:

568

...

30

...

265

::

:

6,743

:

30

(including

compliance

after

491

25

25

1

1

18

Cases abandoned through defendant

absconding or otherwise

Re-summons for failure to comply

(section 35)

Compliance after re-summons Fines

$435

Nuisance abated by the Sanitary

Department (section 35) Outstanding 31st December, 1924

TOTAL.....

17

...

554

...

...

:

:

...

24,535 24,535

M 18

Appendix C.

CLASSIFICATION OF NUISANCES REPORTED.

Illegal cubicles

4,218

No dust bins

4,127

Defective floor surfaces

2,674

Defective gratings.

1,990

Defective wastepipes, eaves gutters &c.

1.407

Defective cement rendering

1.378

Choked wastepipes, eaves gutters &c.

1,195

Missing gratings

726

Rat runs filled in

572

Dirty premises

496

Obstruction of windows, doors and ventilating openings

481

Obstruction of verandahs

Breeding of mosquitoes...... Height of cubicles... Choked drains

Accumulation of refuse..... Gratings not properly fixed No urinal accommodation No glazed area to windows No receptacles to latrines No cement rendering

Illegal wooden bunks

Use of basements for habitation and as workshops &c. Discharge of sullage water, urine and excreta

Use of verandahs for sleeping purposes and cooking Offensive trade (Rag-storing, Soap-boiling etc.)..... Use of rooms without openings for sleeping purposes Accumulation of stagnant water Accumulation of undergrowth... Use of kitchens for sleeping purposes.. Keeping cattle without licences Bakehouses without licences.............

Illegal wooden covers over cubicles.. Illegal showcases

456

425

304

295

282

274

147

147

114

104

104

54

37

36

+

33

32

28

27

18

16

13

11

11

Dirty barrels for storing drinking water

10

Cooking in yards

8

No covers to water tanks and wells..

6

Underside of stairs lined with mattings

6

Illegal wooden partitions in verandahs and kitchens.....

4

No sumps provided for pigsties

No channels for draining fluid matter.......

No fly-proof covers to latrines

Exposing of fruit and vegetable for sale without licence.... Inadequate arrangement for the disposal of sullage water... Illegal urinals ....

Automatic pump out of order

Black smoke issuing from chimneys and funnels

...

TOTAL............

2

1

1

1

1

22,279

-M 19

Appendix D (i).

TUS OF WORK DONE IN THE SEVERAL HEALTH DISTRICTS:

6a & 7a

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

Shaukiwan Aberdeen

Total

16

21

882

641

395

147

91

228585

16

17

45

55

43

40

56

63

17

31

44

75

723

542

979

1,061

924

2,292

3,165

1,947 |

2,038

444

1,054

919

451

22,279

78

232

252

119

139

334

216

124

6

116

73

51

2,672

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

2

1

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

9

1

18

12

15

9

'10

9

19

72

226

144

69

9

2 O

1

Nil

Nil

38

31

63

24

21

38

51

,15

43

9

23

54

32

20

Nil

40

323

Nil

899

22

59

572

12

1

6

455

125

3

1

22

46

773

...

Louses

icors

Iouses

loors

31 houses

111 floors

7 houses

30 floors

5 houses

13 floors

63 houses

17 floors

20 houses

59 floors

20 houses 176 houses

67 houses

62 houses

64 floors

446 floors

[138 floors

21 houses

7 houses

87 floors

28 floors

105 houses

420 floors

128 houses

506 floors

154 floors

146 houses

576 floors

125 houses 124 houses 322 floors 365 floors 276 houses 191 houses 1012 floors 653 floors

74 houses

26 houses

108 houses

7+ houses

2 houses

1129 houses

98 floors

27 floors

155 floors

184 floors

4 floors

2769 floors

335 houses

930 floors

107 houses

52 houses

326 floors 174 floors

165 houses 571 floors

29 bonses

83 floors

1 house

...

} floor

...

...

...

1 house

4 floors

2 houses

2 floors

I house

1 house

2 houses

1 floor

:

3 floors

4 floors

1949 houses

6800 floors

24 houses

35 floors

8 houses

16 floors

M 19

Appendix D (i).

CONSPECTUS OF WORK DONE IN THE SEVERAL HEALTH D

1

la & 2a

2

3

4

5

6

6a & 7a

7

8

9

?

Applications for B.A. Notice,

Applications for S.B. Notice,

19

27

43

32

35

16

21

634

1,137

955

275

1,541

882

641

395

Ground surface repaired,

Ground surface concreted,.........

Obstructions removed from open space,

111

102

119

22

282

147

'91

2888

28

16

17

4.5

542

979

1,061

58

78

232

252

Nil

...

2

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

1

1

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

***

...

ings),

...

Obstructions removed to light and ventilation,

Rat runs filled in,

Water closets installed in private Buildings,

Houses demolished and No. of floors (Domestic

Buildings),

Houses erected and No. of floors (Domestic Build-

Houses demolished and No. of floors (Non Domestic Buildings),

19

16

92

292

''141

33

Nil

14

12

15

9

· 10

9

41

15

2:3

26

24

21

38

51

15

43

22

337

57

12

1

6

33 houses [106 houses

36 houses

15 houses

11 houses

24 houses

31 houses

5 houses

| 43 houses

69 floors 287 floors 123 houses

104 floors

60 floors

35 floors

74 floors

111 floors

13 floors

20 houses

59 floors

20 houses

176 houses

64 floors

446 floors

62 houses

27 houses

151 floors

457 floors 225 floors

88 floors

...

10 houses

11 houses

I house

16 houses

64 floors

1 house

46 houses

202 floors

7 bouses

63 houses

21 houses

7 houses

30 floors

17 floors

87 floors

28 floors

105 houses

420 floors

...

12 floors

15 floors

3 floors

4 floors

...

...

***

Houses erected and No. of floors (Non Domestic Buildings',

1 house

...

...

2 floors

...

...

...

:

1 house

4 floors

M 20

Appendix D. (ii)

CUTIONS CLASSIFIED BY HEALTH DISTRICTS 1924.

6A &

5

6

7

8

9

7A

10 Aberdeen. 11

Total No.

Total amount

12

13

14

15 16

of cases.

of Fines.

::

2

1

13

24

1

+:

4

30 -

I

5

101

1

60

$ 220.00

:

15

230.00

...

::

...

...

::

...

...

:-

...

9

::

...

1

9

130.00

+:

:

4

7

1

22

1 16

14

...

***

...

...

...

...

:: cr

5

82

221

1,197.00

20.00

50.00

1

:

:

:

N

:

:

:

:

:.

::

::

...

...

:-

4

120.00

1

1

25.00

...

...

:

2

50.00

...

::

1

::

::

:..

1

...

:

:.

1

...

...

...

:

:

:

:

...

...

:

:

::

:

1

10.00

3

...

1

:

10.00

12

13

a:

...

ܗ:

12

680

220

71

26

26

...

:

1

19

42 56 82

23

23

823

...

9

18

:∞

1

586

25.00

5,879.00

16

20

12

63

45

73

46

21

57 105

92

27

15

19

771

$ 7,966.00

charged.

1 Defendant absconded.

30 summons withdrawn.

+

M 20

Apɲondix D. (11)

PROSECUTIONS CLASSIFIED BY HEALTH DISTRICTS 1:

5

6A &

7A

7

10

Aberc

Nature of Offence.

S'wau.

1

1A &

2A

:

N

: +

1

2

1

::

1

4

...

:

::

:

تت

...

1

:

::

...

:

D:

::

:

Dumping rubbish

Not notifying an infectious disease... Exhumation of a body without a

permit

Obstruction of avenue etc. of market Failure to limewash tenement houses to the satisfaction of the Board... Keeping goats without S.B. licence.. Adulterated milk

Carrying on an offensive trade with- out a licence from the Board... Selling food unfit for man. Slaughtering swine at a place not

appointed for that purpose...... Using the premises as dairy with-

out the approval of the Board... Failure to destroy mosquito larvae... Stealing fish, vegetables etc. from markets

Selling Canton. fish at the avenue of markets

Assaults on Government

Con-

servancy contractor while in the execution of his duty Prosecution on S.B. nuisance notices

:

1

...

...

1

::

:

:

16

Total

:

4

7

::

::

:

:

...

2

...

:

1

1

22

1

1

::

:::

::

:.

:

...

:

...

16

:

::

:.

:

:

1

:

:

:.

1

...

1

...

1

0:0

2:06

40

34

:9

10

15

12

13

12

60

:.

2:

71 26

1:

25 cases discharged.

1 Defendant absconded.

30 summons withd

24.

16

44

41

14

21

16

20

12

63

45

73

46

21

M 21

Appendix E.

House Cleansing Return.

!

Floor cleansed.

1922.

1923.

1924.

Eastern Districts, (Shaukiwan, 1,

la & 2a, 2)

Central Districts, (3, 4 & 5)

Western-Central Districts, (6, fa, &

22,344

24,879 33,045 25,658 23,748

25,429

7a, 7)

Western Districts (8, 9 & 10)

Aberdeen

23,198 23,751 23,961 26,434 24,348 574

22,051

Totals

94,382 106,979

98,060

Kowloon, (11, 12, 13, 14, 15 & 16)

35,863 43,959 51,815

Aberdeen was cleansed once, District No. 1 twice, Districts Nos. 12 & 15 four times, and the remainder three times.

The reduction of the total in Victoria, compared with 1923, is due to the shortage of staff in the Eastern and Western-Central Districts.

Health District.

1 storey.

2 storeys.

Appendix F (i).

Table Showing Number of Chinese Houses and Floors, Victoria, 1924.

3 storeys.

4 storeys.

5 storeys.

A. Shaukiwan

310

...

283

486

97

...

1,176

2,722

2:31

1 H.D.

151

...

414

188

56

...

809

1,767

2:17

la & 2a H.D.

98

407

241

2 H.D.

...

...

...

دن

72

494

353

2∞

748

2,391

· 3.19

930

3,081

3:31

3 H.D.

25

...

80

53

165

537

3.25

4 H.D.

13

...

...

...

5 H.D.

6 H.D.

6a & 7a H.D.

7 H.D.

8 H.D.

9 H.D.

10 H.D.

B. Aberdeen

...

...

...

22

58

3289

73

645

478

28

117

484

310

46

25

313

346

39

:

...

34

15

152

7

36

385 NOW!

175

205

16

...

Q

:::

1,239

4,158

3.36

979

3,178

3.24

781

2,626

3:46

418

1,460

3:49

232

372

30

646

2,370

3.66

72

489

392

38

1,025

3,403

3.32

439

361

13

980

3,145

3.2

...

406

324

26

823

...

2,771

3.36

52

73

...

161

359

2.23

Total...

658

...

1,465 4,911

3,588

253

5 10,880

33,968

3.12

A. Including villages not shown in 1923 Report.

B. Not including Aplichau.

6 storeys.

Houses.

Floors.

- M 22-

Average.

}

Appendix F (ii).

Table Showing Number of Chinese Houses and Floors, Kowloon, 1924.

Health District,

1 storey. 2 storeys. 3 storeys. 4 storeys.

Houses. Floors.

Average.

11 H.D.

12 H.D.

...

...

...

118

1,569

1,276

904

2,863

3.17

...

...

1

55

551

334

941

3,100

3.29

13 H.D.

44

48

565

1,67

824

2,503

3:03.

14 H.D.

531

272

927

33

1,763

3,988

2.16

15 H.D.

...

1,141

303

229

6

1,679

2,458

1'46

16 H.D.

...

379

163

419

39

1,000

2,118

2.11

M 23

Total,...

...

...

2,096

959

4,260

1,855

7,111

17,030

2.39

M 24

Appendix G.

Limewashing, 1924.

Victoria.

Kowloon.

Shaukiwan included.

Floors limewashed by owners

24,853

12,890

Floors limewashed by S. B. at owners'

request

1,884

904

Floors limewashed by S. B's. Con- tractor owing to owners' failure to comply with the By-law

Total

997

140

27,734

23,934

Appendix H.

Vaccination Return for 1924.

B. F. from

1923

Cannot

Registry.

Unvacc

New Total Vaccin- births. liable. ated.

Left

Dead.

inated.

Colony found.

be

Had

Small-

Insus-

Unfit.

ceptible.

pox.

Total

C. F. to Total.

1925.

Sanitary Department (Non-Chinese)

155

317

472

251

11

31

16

1

Sanitary Department (Chinese)

938

1,182

2,120

515

32

222

145

5

- LO

6

156

472

15

1,186

2,120

Eastern Chinese Public Dispensary

369 981

1,350

331

129

174

306

410

1,350

Yaumati Chinese Public Dispensary

385 822 1,207

634

46

25

227

2

273

1,207

Western Chinese Public Dispensary

281

487

768

100

34

10

118

506

768

Shamshuipo Chinese Public Dispensary...

205

172

377

162

13

27

35

140

377

Shaukiwan Chinese Public Dispensary Hunghom Chinese Public Dispensary Kowloon City Chinese Public Dispensary Central Chinese Public Dispensary

18

35

53

22

6

3

13

1

53

28

13

41

14

10

4

7

41

3

40

43

18

4

21

43

36

81

117

52

6

20

23

16

117

Total.

M 25

2,418

4,130 6,548

2,099

291

516

889

6

24

2,723

6,548

M 26

Appendix I. (i)

COST OF REFUSE COLLECTION.

Hongkong. Kowloon. Total.

74,050.22 27,913.33 101,963.55

1. Salary of Coolies...

2. Salary of Drivers

+

8,458.27 2,992.30 11,450.57

3. Scavenging Gear

3,313.35

802.13 4,115.48

4. Maintenance of Bullocks

5,000.00

2,500.00 7,500.00

5. Maintenance of Dust Carts...

1,200.00

600.00

1,800,00

6. Running expenses: Motor

Refuse Lorries...

1,907.71

Total...

92,021.84 | 34,807.76 128,737.31

(1) Exclusive of Scavenging Coolies employed on other duties.

(2) Deduction on same basis as last year for drivers employed

on street watering.

(4) & (5) Same ratio as last year,

Salary of Bargemen

Repairs to Launches and Barges Stores of Launches and Barges Coal...

...

...

...

...

...

...

Appendix I (ii)

Cost of Refuse Removal,

...

...

...

...

Hongkong

Kowloon

Total

24,787.44

3,513.98

28,301.42

17,716.00

6,017.98

17,642.00

Total

...

...

:

...

...

24,787.44

:

:.

:

3,513.98

69,677.40

Special Expenditure:-One Teakwood Lighter $5,850 (Final instalments) two 30 tons Refuse Barges $13,470.

Appendix I (iii)

Comparative Table for 2 years.

City Scavenging

...

Kowloon Scavenging Removal

...

...

...

...

***

:::

...

...

...

...

...

...

1923

.

1924

85,541.92

92,021.84

30,100.22

34,807.76

...

59,983.28

69,677.40

M 27

M 28

-

Appendix J.

LIST OF AMBULANCES AND DEAD VAN STATIONS.

Race Course, Wong Nei Chung Road,

Cattle Depot, Kennedy Town.

Government Civil Hospital.

New Western Market, North Block.

No. 6 Police Station.

Central Police Station.

New Post Office Building.

Pokfulam Police Station,

Bay View Police Station.

Aberdeen Police Station,

Stanley Police Station.

Shaukiwan Police Station.

Mount Gough Police Station.

Tsim Sha Tsui Police Station.

Sham Shui Po Police Station.

Kowloon City Police Station.

Sha Tau Kok Police Station.

Au Tau Police Station.

Tai Po Police Station.

Appendix K.

MARKETS.

The following statement shows the Revenue derived from Markets:-

Markets.

1911-1920 (average for

10 years).

1921.

1922.

1923.

1924.

M 29 -

C.

C.

C.

Central Market

60,453.37

62.213.20

62,604.30

62,614.80

62,614.80

Hung Hom

4,079.59

4,333.20

4,499.70

4,524.50

4,450.80

Mong Kok Tsui

1,205.11

1,520.40

3,144.90

3,363 90

3,366.00

Sai Wan Ho

2,141.45

2,439.30

2,522.60

3,003.60

2,872.50

Sai Ying Pun...

15,651.98

16,491.60

16,491.60

16,516.80

16,525.20

Shankiwan

Shek Tong Tsui

So Kon Po Tai Kok Tsui

Tsim Sha Tsui

Wan Tsai

Western (North Block)

2,041.16

2,085.60

2,085,60

2,097.30

2,132.40

890.86

942.00

942.00

942.00

942.00

1,472.98

1,603.15

2,193.60

2,080.80

2,080.80

654.26

845.50

851.00

872.40

872.40

3,993.44

4,556.40

4,557.20

4,576.80

4,576.80

4,803.09

4,862.40

4,862.40

4,862.40

4,910.40

17,257.23

19,239.60

20,467.80

23,185.00

23,180.40

Western (South Block)

29,097.72

33,098.00

32,917,80

32,946.30

32,920.40

Yaumati

9,808.32

10,840.80

11,260.40

18,460.50

21,439.80

Aberdeen

469.70

430.90

433.30

442.20

445.20

Canal Road opened on 1/4/13

516.00

516.00

516.00

516.00

516.00

Praya East opened on 1/12/13

411.21

364.50

266.30

540.70

948.60

Reclamation Street opened on 1/9/13

2,879.98

2,677.50

2,744.60

3,291.60

3,283.20

Staunton Street opened on 1/10/12

892.99

949.80

952.80

952.80

952.80

Tai Hang opened on 1/4/14

910.14

590.40

571.50

565.20

565.20

Sham Shui Po opened on 1/6/18

2,709.43

2,915.40

2,911.50

2,922.90

2,947.80

Kowloon City opened on 1/1/22

285.30

314.60

279.60

Reclamation Street, (Poultry) opened on 1/6/23

727.20

1,454.40

Monmouth Path opened on 1/1/24

2,012.80

Wong Nei Chung opened on 1/1/24.

...

2,322.00

Quarry Bay opened on 1/7/24

1,280.30

Whitfield opened on 1/10/24.

2,866.80

Waterloo Road opened on 1/10/24

252.00

Total,

162,340.01

173,515.65 178,082.20

190,320,30

203,011.40

Appendix L.

(1)

(2)

(8)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

(10)

Average

Approxi-

Available

Subsequent Exhumation.

Gross

Burials

Net

available

Average

burials

Ceinetery.

mate

space as on

available

since

private

exhumation

Last previous General Exhumation.

burial space. 31/12/23.

Private.

Public.

space. 31/12/23.

space on

31/12/24.

for last

for last

10 years.

10 years.

Year No. Year No.

Year

No.

M 30

Colonial

10,200

1,485

Roman Catholic

8,000

3,978

28

-888

1

:

1,486

80

1,406

69

4,006

161

3,845

157

1917

Mohammedan

288

1923 765

3,500

638

638

63

575

64

Parsee

200

100

100

100

1

Mount Caroline

23,000

9,287

258

641

10,186

955

9,231

807

Chinese Protestant.

1,800

700

1913 1,669 1916 338 1920|1,921 1923 920

1918

864

...

700

68

632

Eurasian (Ho Tung)

57

200

195

195

191

3

Kai Lung Wan East

25,500

1,424

212

1,504

3,140

1,566

1,574

Tung Wab (K.L. West).

1,321

1920 1,952

53,486

5,812

83

1,406

7,301

5,301

Mohammedan T.S.K.

2,000

4.853

8,000

7,075

7,075

2

Sai Yu Shek (new)

7,073

3

...

5,400

5,205

5,205

181

5,024

141

Shaukiwan

6,700

1,367

77

548

1,982

283

Shaukiwan (Christian)

1,699

215

1911

185

91

1923 1631

1919 6,000 approximately. 1923 | 2,753

1,276 1920 1,197

Stanley (Tung Tau Chau).

1,040

68

So Kon Po (Roman Catholic).

20,000

16,003

:

:

91

4

87

2

5

73

22

51

35

16,003

Aberdeen

2,000

915

52

...

785

1,443

14,560

1,589

1,752

192

1,560

217

Jewish

1923

560

250

115

115

1

114

2

Shek 0.

...

11

Malay

...

100

Ho Mun Tin

30,000

99

22,034

99

99

22,034

4,982

Chinese Permanent.

17,052

4,317

2

Kowloon Tong (Christian)

ལུ

52

...

...

NON-CHINESE.

M 31

Appendix M.

RETURN OF CERTIFIED AND UNCERTIFIED DEATHS.

CHINESE.

1

2

3

5

6

7

8

9

Number uncertified

Number certified.

Number uncertified.

Number Number

of

Non-

Notified

Medical

Coroner.

certified. by private reference.

Percentage certified.

Percentage Number Hongkong. Kowloon. Total uncertified. of

T.W.H.

K.W.H. Medical

Notified

Reference. by private

Chinese

practi-

tioners.

Chinese

practi-

deaths.

tioners.

deaths.

10

11

Coroner. Percentage Percentage

certified.

uncertified.

1923

247

205

1

3

38

82.9

17.1

15,289

5,849

1,146

6,995

601

573

40

12

7,067

45.75

54.25

1924

252

209

43

82.9

17.1

15,301

3,124

4,346

7,470

813

360

27

5

6,626

48.82

51.17

N.B.-" Certified

"}

signifies a death the cause of which has been certified on Form 16 of Ordinance No. 7 of 1896 by a registered medical practitioner or licentiate who has attended the case before death.

f

M 32

Appendix N.

List of Revenue from January to December, 1924.

Chinese Undertakers' Licences

Forfeitures

Special Food Licences

Ambulance and Cremation Fees Births and Deaths Registration Chinese Cemetery Fees

Official Certificates

Use of Motor Vans

Lands Not Leased Laundries

Markets...

Slaughter Houses, Kennedy Town. Slaughter House, Ma Tau Kok...

...

...

$

C.

660.00

.61

10,320.55

1,437.00

2,471.90

5,771.50

4,543.50

5,172.36

100.00

2,400.00

205,059.00

113,729.30

31,440.00

Interest

49.91

Condemned Stores, &c.

143.00

Other Miscellaneous Receipts

101.30

Scavenging City, Villages, and Hill District...

2,486.00

Total

$385,885.93

1923

$353,095.97

Revenue from Contracts.

Deduction.

Conservancy Contract, Victoria ...$38,400 $8,972 $29,428.00

"

Kowloon... 23,400 Shaukiwan

Blood & Hair, Kennedy Town

Ma Tau Kok

4,190

19,220.00

...

2,712.00

8,820.00

2,724.00

3,492.00

1,512.00

Total...

$67,908.00

Slaughtering Contract, Sai Wan Ho

Aberdeen

2

M 33

Appendix O.

List of Expenditure from January to December, 1924.

Personal Emoluments

Advertisements

Ambulances, Coffins, Dead Vans and Dead Boxes,

$$$

Bamboo Poles and Rope

...

...

Baskets, Buckets and Shovels...

Bath House, Fuel

22

Light

Bonuses to Dispensary Licentiates and Clerks for Vaccination of Children and Registration of

Births ...

Brooms, Brushes and Bamboo Hats

Burial of Infected Bodies ...

Cemeteries, Incidental Expenses

Conveyance Allowances

Coolie Labour

Disinfectants

Disinfecting and Cleansing Apparatus

Disinfectors

...

Dust and Water Carts

Exhumation Recurrent

Fuel for Blacksmith's Forges

Furniture in Official Quarters

General Cleansing, Chinese New Year

Head Stones

Incidental Expenses

...

...

Incidental Expenses, Markets

C.

449,092.05

812,86

1,089.81

980.66 3,038.04

362.75

7.34

902.80

1,987.14

2.134.00

8.00

6,098.60

6.60

12,852.48

1,188.81

982.00

1,839.45

13,039.53

558.00

93.70

481.95

2,815.00

2,561.48

376.87

Launches, Steam Barges and Lighters :-Fuel Launches, Steam Barges and Lighters :-Repairs Launches, Steam Barges and Lighters :-Stores Light, Bullock Stables at Victoria and Kowloon Light, Central Market

17,642.00

17,716.00

2,595.95

232.08

1,633.07

Light, Disinfecting Stations, District Sanitary

Offices and Coolies' Quarters

1,479.97

Light, Public Latrines

1,142.76

Light, Smaller Markets

1,734.25

Light, Tsim Sha Tsui Market.

828.86

Light, Western Market, North and South Blocks... (Cr.) 75.99

Motor Lorries, Motor Vans and Motor Cars, Runn-

ing Expenses

Nightsoil Receptacles

Paint, Turpentine, &c.

Purchase and Maintenance of Bullocks

Rat Poison, Rat Traps, &c.

Carried forward...

...

:

6,112.08

794.40

2,567.92

10,596.89

1,629.28

$569,939.44

M 34

Brought forward...

Refund of Fees for Sanitary Institute Examination

Rent of Quarters for Inspectors and Sanitary Offices Rent of Quarters for Scavenging Coolies Scavenging City, Villages, and Hill District... Scavenging Gear

Scavenging Gear, Kowloon Transport ...

Uniform for Staff

...

...

$569,939.44

242.04

1,097.00

1,161.00

1,322.00

1,821.03

384,49

1,914.66

...

7,468.94

423.40

Workshop Apparatus

...

A.D. and S.H. Fuel

5,580.00

do.

Incidental Expenses...

454.43

do.

Light...

614.44

do.

Motor Meat Vans: Running Expenses

2,568.20

Cattle Crematorium and Refuse Destructor

337.44

TOTAL...

$595,328.51

1923

+4

$540,531.13

Special Expenditure.

Exhumation, Various Cemeteries, Special

Dust and Water Carts:-2 Motor Watering Carts...

do. do.

1 Motor Refuse Lorry

3 Portable Disinfectors

3 Motor Meat Vans

1 2-wheeled Hand Carts...

$3 C

6,504,99 12,428.35

178.09

8 4-wheeled Bullock Carts

2.194.82

7.076.30

1,473.30

20,735.57

18,000.00

1,320.00

...

Refuse Barges:-1 Teakwood Lighter

do.

2 Refuse Junks

3 House Cleansing Tanks...

1 Smoke Testing Machine Vaccination...

TOTAL...

-1923

...

...

154.71 70.61 2,279.23

$ 72,415.97

$ 79,886.66

Five day

totals.

O

кл

5

10

LO

CASES.

0

}

Days.

10

JULY

6

11 16 21 26

DAILY INCIDENCE OF TYPHOID AND PARATYPHOID FEVERS JUNE TO SEPTEMBER, 1924.

AUG.

SEPT.

5

10

15 20 25

30 4.

9

14

19

24

29

M 37

REPORT OF THE MEDICAL OFFICER OF HEALTH.

The area of the Colony, except when otherwise mentioned, dealt with in this report includes the island of Hongkong, the Kowloon peninsula and that portion of the New Territories known as New Kowloon on the mainland but does not include the remain- ing or greater portion of the New Territories such being without the jurisdiction of the Sanitary Board.

The latitude and longitude of the Royal Observatory in the Kowloon peninsula are:-Latitude 26° 18′ 13.2" N. Longitude 114° 10' 27" E.

METEOROLOGICAL DATA.

The following table gives the means or totals of the meteorolo- gical data for the several months of the whole year 1924,

Barometer

at M.S.L.

TEMPERA-

TURE.

HUMI-

DITY.

Cloudiness.

Sunshine.

WIND

Month.

Rain.

Max. Mean. Min.

Rel.

Abs.

Direction. Vel.

ins.

о

O

о

p.c.ins.

p. c.

hours. ins.

points. miles p.h.

January,

February.

30.1765.9 | 62.4 | 59.8 30.04 | 63.6 | 60,3| 57,3

81 0.46

75

102.3

1.080 E by N

13.3

86 0.46

93

44.9

4.510E by N

12.8

March,

30.11 | 67.0|62,5 | 59,2

79

0.45

80

133.2

0.180 E by N

14.9

April,

29.93 | 74.4 | 69.3 | 65.8

85

0.61

85

101.4 -6.215 E

11.7

May,

29.83 | 84.4|79,6| 76,7

82

0.83

78

187.0 16.875 SE

9.4

June,....

29.74 84.380.5 | 77.6

83

0.86

89

127.3 23.140 SE by S

14.5

July,.

29.71 86.4 81.7 | 78.4

£3

0.90 79

196.9 19.675 E by S

10.4

August,

29.72 86.7|81,9 | 78,2

82

0.89 67

226.4 10.655

ESE

7.8

September,... 29.85 $6.882.2 78.6 || 78

0.86 .63

221.3 6.440 E

8.8

October,

November,

December,

29.95 81.2 76.5 | 72,7 71 30.1373.4 68.2 | 63,8 | 30.15 67.4 | 61.9 | 57,4

0.66 64

192.8 9.090 NE by E

12.9

67 0.41 32 61 0.31 40

254.0 0.000 ENE 238.3 0.710 NE by E

12.6

11.4

Mean or

Total,...

29.94 76.8 72.3|68.8|77,0|0,64 | 70.0 168.8 98.57 E

11.7

POPULATION.

The estimated population of the Colony at the middle of 1924

was as follow:-

Non-Chinese Civil population

16,000

Chinese population :-

City of Victoria (including the Peak)...

420,000

Villages of Hong Kong

29,800

Kowloon (including New Kowloon)

180,000

New Territories (land)...

••

85,000

Population afloat...

68.750

...

Total Chinese population

783,550

Total Civil population

...

7.99,550

M 38

This figure shows an increase of 173,784 over that of the census of 1921.

IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION.

The following figures show the flow of people to and from Hong Kong and Chinese territory by railway and river steamers during the year 1924.

The terms immigrants and emigrants do not indicate the numbers of persons proceeding to and returning from other

countries.

Immigrants.

Emigrants.

By railway

By river steamships

157,115

...1,279,605

168,734

1,257,163

1,436,710

1,425,897

BIRTHS.

The number of Births registered in 1924 is shown in the following table with those for the year 1923 for comparison.

Chinese

Non-Chinese

Males.

Females.

Total.

1923 1924

1924 1923 1924 1923 1924

2,547 2,544 1,510 1,282 4,057 3,826

185 168 172 149 357 317

Total...

|

2,732 2,712 1,682 1,431 4,414 4,143

This gives a general civil birth rate of 5.8 per 1,000 as compared with 7.39 in 1923.

The birth rate amongst the Non-Chinese civil community was 19.8 per 1,000 as compared with 23.03 per 1,000 in 1923.

The birth rate amongst the Chinese as calculated from the registered births was 5.47 per 1,000 as compared with 6.97 per 1,000 in 1923.

1

M 39

The following table shows the birth rates (calculation from the registered births) for the last ten years.

Year.

1915 1916

...

像饿

1917

1918

1919

1920

1921

1922

1923

1924

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

13.2

5.7

20.05

5.8

20.08

4.9

...

22.07

3.6

20.6

3.9

19.78

3.96

25,88

5.68

22.84

6.25

23.03

6.97

18.25

5.47

Sex of newly born.

For the Non-Chinese community the ratio of male to female children was 112 to 100.

For the Chinese community the ratio was 198 males to 100 females.

The Chinese are careless of the registration of births and the great disproportion between male and female birth registered indicates that there is less care for the registration of females than for male births.

The nationality of the civilian Non-chinese parents was as follows:

British 128, Portugese 88, Indian 51, American 10, Filipino 10, Malay 9, Spanish 3, Dutch 3, Japanese 2, Italian 2, French 4, Danish 1, Jewish 1, Eurasian 2, Norwegian 1, Swiss 1, Greek 1.

Deaths.

The total number of deaths registered in the Colony during 1924 was 15,553 (15,536 in 1923).

The general civil death rate was 21.75 per 1,000 (25.98 in 1923), The Chinese deaths numbered 15,301 (15,289 in 1923).

The Chinese death rate was 21.9 per 1,000 (26.27 in 1923). The Non-Chinese deaths numbered 252 (247 in 1923) includ- ing 11 from the Navy and Army.

The death rate for the Non Chinese civil community was 15.06 per 1,000 (14.83 in 1923).

M 40

The nationality of the civil Non-Chinese deaths was as follows:-

British 68, Indian 57, Portugese 56, Filipino 10, American 6, Malay 7, Danish 5, French 2, Annamite 3, Spanish 1, German 1, Swiss 3, Jewish 2, Norwegian 2, Dutch 2, Italian 1, Australian 1, West Indian 1, Cuban 1.

Age distribution of deaths.

The number of deaths of children under one year of age was 4,735 of which 4,698 were Chinese and 37 Non-Chinese.

Of these 1,131 Chinese and 7 Non-Chinese were under one month of age.

The ratio of infant deaths to the total deaths registered was 30.4 per cent (29.5 in 1923). For Chinese deaths alone the ratio was 30.7 per cent, while for the Non-Chinese it was 14.6 per cent.

A true infantile mortality can not be calculated, owing to the Chinese custom of not registering births unless a child has liveď for at least one month and often obviously of not registering at any time.

The deaths of children between one and five years of age were 2,372 of which 20 were Non-Chinese and 2,352 Chinese.

The following table shows the death rates for the last ten

years.

1915 1916

1917

1918

1919

1920

1921

1922

1923

1924

...

Year.

Chinese. Non-Chinese.

General.

19.00

9.4

18.59

24.60

...

15.08

24.00

23.00

14.00

23.4

24.5

19.5

::

24.4

23.3

21.9

23.2

22.78

17.9

21.19

20.29

18.08

20.27

25.47

20.46

25.16

26.27

14.83

25.98

:

21.9

15.06

21.75

:

T

M 41

DISEASES.

Respiratory Diseases.

The number of deaths from these diseases excluding Pulmonary Tuberculosis was 4,319 of which 44 were Non-Chinese (4,317 and

35 respectively in 1923).

Of these 2,288 occurred amongst Children under one year of age.

The deaths ascribed to Lobar Pneumonia and Pneumonia (type not specified) were 703 and 254 respectively or a total of 957. Of these 363 were of children under one year

of age.

Broncho-pneumonia accounted for 2,027 deaths of which 22 were Non-Chinese. Of these 1,347 were infants under one year of age only 11 being Non-Chinese in this age group.

The total deaths amongst the Chinese from Respiratory Disease (including Pulmonary Tuberculosis) was 5,037 or 39.4 per cent of the total Chinese deaths, giving a rate of mortality in the Chinese population (excluding the New Territories except New Kowloon) of 8.6 per 1,000.

Tuberculosis.

Pulmonary Tuberculosis caused 1,749 deaths of which 31 were Non-Chinese and 1,718 Chinese (31 and 1,472 in 1923).

Other forms of Tuberculosis caused 609 deaths (605 in 1923) 5 of which were Non-Chinese making a total of 2,358 deaths, this being a percentage of 15.16 of the total deaths registered

Types of Tubercular Infection in different age groups.

For the purpose of showing the various forms of tubercular disease causing the above mentioned deaths this infection has been divided into five types as follows :—

Type 1 Pulmonary and Acute Miliary Tuberculosis.

Type 2 Tubercular Meningitis.

Type 3 Abdominal Tuberculosis.

Type 4 Disseminated or General Tuberculosis.

Type 5 Other Tubercular Diseases.

M 42

The following table shows the numbers of Chinese deaths from each of these types distributed according to age groups for 1924.

Age Groups.

Types.

1

2

3

4

10

5

Under 1 year

124

26

>

Over 1 year and under 5 years Over 5 years and under 15 years Over 15 years and under 25 years Over 25 years and under 45 years Over 45 years and under 60 years Over 60 years

220

72

75

187

C244

36

59

65

148

21

82

4

17

123A

4

711

1.

3

17

304

1

10

77

3

The deaths from Tubercular Diseases (all types) are shown distributed according to age groups in the following Table for nine years 1914 to 1924 (the years 1916 and 1918 are omitted).

Age Groups.

Years.

1914 1915 1917 1919 1920

1921 1922 1923 1924

Under 1 year

88

59 193 108

1 to 5 years

138

195

5 to 15 years

80

97

231 219

200 213 269 290 302 469 340 393 129 139 204 157

419

511

180

169

207

15 to 25 years

101

110 124 159 171

181

203

233 221

25 to 45 years

424

431

486

569 641

643

640

673

750

45 to 60 years

188

199

205

258 278 256

351

301

319

Over 60 years

34

32

43

62

65

91

93

63

81

Total

1,053

1,123

1,469 1,597 2,059 1,887 2,060 | 2,071 | 2,358

Percentage

to Tuberculosis

All Deaths Chinese 9,316

Chinese deaths due

7,723 10,244 11,348 12,151 11,604 14,241 | 15,289 | 15.301

of

11.3

14.5 14.3 14.0 16.9 16.2 14.4 13.5 15.7

Tetanus and Convulsions.

These diseases accounted for 169 deaths of children under five years of age.

Thus out of 101 deaths ascribed to Tetanus 88 were of chil- dren under one month and 5 of children over one month and under one year.

Convulsions accounted for 79 deaths of children under five years of age. Of these 3 were under one month and 40 over one month but under one year of age.

Year.

M 43

Malaria.

The deaths from this disease were 707 (674 in 1923). Of these 6 were Non-Chinese. (7 in 1923) and 701 Chinese.

This number of deaths is a percentage of 4.54 of the total registered deaths.

The Chinese deaths from Malaria in the City of Victoria (excluding the Peak and Harbour) numbered 187 (260 in 1923) in an estimated population of 420,000 giving a rate of 0.44 per 1,000.

In 1923 there were 260 deaths in an estimated population of 350,000 giving a rate of 0.74 per 1,000.

The deaths from Malaria for this year show a slight absolute increase over last year and also an increase when expressed as a percentage of the total deaths registered.

The number of deaths per 1,000 of the population shows however a slight decrease which is accounted for by the increase in the estimated population.

The very considerable increase in the number of deaths ascribed to Malaria during the last two years is marked in the deaths registered in Kowloon.

In this part of the Colony not only has the population increased very rapidly during the last few years but the urban area has extended far afield into what were before purely rural districts and permanent anti-malarial measures such as the training of streams and the abolition of mosquite breeding collections of water have not kept pace with the extension of the town.

The following table shows the deaths from Malaria for the ten years 1915 to 1924 inculsive.

Victoria

Peak and

Harbour

Kowloon

Shaukiwan

Aberdeen

Stanley

Total

1915

157 66 27 16

32

-328

4.14

0.78

1916

182

75

25 36

19

337

3.19

0.78

1917

205

98

29

68 11

411

3.93

0.92

1918

189

71

16

106

10

388

2.93

0.83

1919

117

101

13

71

12

314

2.69

0.62

1920

141 84

13

82

12

332

2.67

0.59

1921

159 86

13

56

9

332

2.79

0:55

1922

126

204

34

79

3

454

3.11

0.78

1923... 282

324

32

23

13

674

4.33

1.14

1924

208 395

16

72

16

707

4.54

0.98

Percentage

of

total deaths

Deaths per

1,000 of

Population

M 44

BERI-BERI,

The deaths from this disease were 1,502 or a percentage of 9.65 of the total deaths.

This is an absolute increase of 232 deaths over those for 1923 namely 1,270.

There is also an increase of 1.48 in the figures showing the percentage of deaths from Beri-beri, of total deaths registered during 1923 and 1924.

The following table shows the deaths from Beri-beri for the ten years 1915 to 1924 inclusive.

Deaths from Beri-beri 1915 to 1924.

Per cent. of total

Year

No. of deaths

deaths

1915

398

5.02

1916

520

4.92

1917

654

6.26

1918

804

6.09

1919

555

4.76

1920

361

4.90

1921

526

4.42

1922

829

5.69

1923

1,270

8:17

1924

1,502

9.65

INFLUENZA.

The total of deaths registered as due to this disease during 1924 was 52, this being the smallest figure for deaths ascribed to this disease for the last seven years.

The following table gives the numbers of deaths due to Influenza for each month since the year 1918.

Month.

1918

1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924

January February... March April

May...

:

21 39 20

:

0

16 118

25

75

2223

13

19

13

20

13

41

38

22

18

1

75

32

27

13

June

108

137

61

26

44

13

July...

53

77

22

54

40

14

August

10

30

14

30

30

4767GA QU

5

September

1

8

30

28

40

11

October

70

8

44

13

64

November

95

35

27

76

December

67

34

17 58

212OOOO HOLONN 24

10

5

Total...

405

449

542

:

:

303 422 83 52

-

M 45

NOTIFIABLE INFECTIOUS DISEASES.

The following Table shows the number of notifiable diseases recorded during the year.

Disease

Chinese

Non-Chinese

Total

Plague

0

0

Small-pox

888

25

913

Cerebro-Spinal Fever

79

2

81

Enteric Fever

152

96

248

Paratyphoid Fever

11

26

37

Cholera

0

0

0

Diphtheria

63

27

90

Scarlet Fever...

4

9

Puerperal Fever

14

2

16

Relapsing Fever

*0

1

1

Typhus

0

1

1

Yellow Fever...

0

0

Man

1

1

Rabies

"

Dogs

4

Total......

1,212

185

1,401

-

---

The following numbers of these cases were imported :- Cerebro-Spinal Fever 4, Enteric Fever 31, Paratyphoid Fever 7, Diphtheria 2, small-pox 48, Scarlet Fever 1, Relapsing Fever 1.

The case of Typhus Fever was not imported during the patient's illness but as the patient had recently arrived from North China it is probable that the virus was imported with him in clothing.

CEREBRO-SPINAL FEVER.

The incidence of this disease was slight during the year.

With the exception of the year 1922 this year presents the smallest number of cases recorded in any year since the first appearance of the disease in 1918.

The following Table shows the monthly prevalence of this disease since its outbreak in the year 1918.

M 46

Monthly prevalence of Cerebro-Spinal Fever.

Month

1918

1919

1920

1921 1922

1923

1924

January

23

18

5

February

165

32

13

9

13

March

454

71

40

59

April

274

58

44

18

May

146

24

10

8

June...

96

15

10

July

52

13

AACAA CO ∞

8

10

10

4

16

22

17

10

10

16

14

6

August...... 1+

12

6

September.. 10

October

November...

December...

18-78

සප

10

3

5

PANOOR HONO

4

5

2

6

Total

1,232

267

158

125

53 107

81

PLAGUE.

No cases of this disease were notified during the year.

Although occasionally in previous years very few cases of plague were notified since the outbreak in 1894 this year is the first since then which has been entirely free from this disease.

The following table shows the monthly prevalence of plague for the last ten years.

Month.

1915. 1916. 1917. 1918. 1919. 1920. 1921. 1922.1923. 1924.

January,

February,

3

March,

April,

6

May,

42

10

14

June,

31

10

July,

31

August,

16

September...

October,

November,

December,

f

4

1

30

94

9

3

23

74

247

44 171 28 28 454 47 84 132 103 26

23

56 64 237 49 20

wallpa

77 23

Ad

14

29

10 3

30 10

2

Total,

144 39 38 260 464 138

150 1,181

148

0

M 47

The cases of plague recorded since the discovery of the disease in the Colony in 1894 are given in the following table.

Year

Cases

Year

Cases

* 5,000

1910

...

44

1911

25

269

1,204

1912

1,857

21

1913

1,320

1914

408 2,146

1,486

1915

144

1,087

1916

39

1,651

1917

38

572

1918

266

1,415

1919

:

464

510

1920

138

272

1921

150

893

1922

1,181

240

1923

148

1,073

1924

0

135

1894 1895 1896

...

1897

1898

1899

...

1900

1901

1902

1903

1904

1905

1906

1907

1908

1909

*This is an estimate and is probably much too low.

SMALL-POX.

A severe epidemic of Small-pox prevailed at the latter end of the year 1923 and was continued into the early part of 1924.

The Vaccination Campaign begun in November 1923 was carried on into 1924.

Over 400,000 persons were known to have taken advantage of the opportunities offered for free vaccination.

The epidemic rapidly diminished after the month of March 1924. The following table gives the monthly prevalence of this disease for the ten years 1915 to 1924.

Month

Monthly prevalence of Small-pox 1915 to 1924.

1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924

January. February

March

April

May June July August September. October..... November... December

Total

**

3

433

8

255

137

47

61

28

19

91

8

40

2

19

1

29

165

397

0

407

34

191 212

1320 913

21OLOGMHOOOOO

20MONOOOOO-

1 358 34 176

1

6

11

63 38

10

263422110007

231790

11

COON

0

HOOOO

16

22

68

27

328

34

712

595 32

DIPHTHERIA,

The incidence of this disease was slight during the year.

The cases notified totalled 90 of which 63 were Chinese.

The deaths ascribed to the disease numbered 40 of which 1 only' was Non-Chinese. The following Table gives the monthly prevalence of Diphtheria for the last ten years.

DIPHTHERIA CASES NOTIFIED DURING EACH MONTH OF THE YEARS 1915 TO 1924. INCLUSIVE.

Month

1915

1916

1917

1918

1919

1920

1921

1922

1923

1924

- M 48 -

January

February

March

April

...

...

May

June...

July

August

September October

...

13

12

6

27

11

11

16

12

17

4

4

7

...

...

...

...

5

716 LO

9

7

13

9

10

2

COELOEMA Q

12

27

10

15

12

6

21

6

15

9

6

4

7

2

1

1

11

7

4

7

...

4

4

4

6

4

13

13

...

4

3

November...

17

10

17

...

6

9

December.

11

9

19

11

12

13

13

10

14

Total

86

101

69

Chinese

70

80

62

...

212

118

50

76

85

71

109

39

42

47

19

56

FIS

91

90

59

63

CHOLERA.

No case of this disease was notified during the year.

Cases of this disease are liable to be imported from time to time, but, except under special conditions as for example when an extreme shortage of water in the Colony coincides with the prevalence of cholera in the neighbour- ing districts of China, it is not usual for cholera to assume epidemic proportion here.

The following table shows the occurrence of this disease for the last ten years.

CHOLERA FROM 1915 TO 1924.

Month

1915 1916

1917

1918

1919 1920

1921

1922

1923

1924

January

February

6

March

...

April

May

1

June

July

August

September

1

1

October...

8

November

1

December

:::

Total.

17

10

Chinese cases

9

10

:.

:

...

...

...

...

...

::

...

7

9

27

3

...

...

1

...

...

4

1

46

41

6

6

Ι

1

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

1

LO

5

1

4

...

M 49 -

TYPHOID AND PARATYPHOID FEVERS.

The following table shows the prevalence of these diseases for the year 1924 and the previous nine years.

Month.

1915.

1916. 1917. 1918. 1919. 1920.

1921.

1922.

1923.

1924.

January,

11

11

February,

13

19

March,

16

522

145

15

23

11

7

20

22

9

16*

10

10*

93

12

3

63

४०

10

112

8

6

84

6o

9

April,....

173

6

6

21

17

9

219

142

204

May,

105

7

181

32

14

94

14

492

125

June,

171

24

182.

44

10

14'

179

121

47

July,

12

14

30

211

24'

14'

22

124

73

323

August,

4816

191

381

16

17

92

92

97

152

26€

September,

41

- M 50-

27

13

121

22

28

123

39

142

254

October,

283

27

21

8

16

12

123

713

17

151

November,

193

23

17

10:

71

5

71

510

14

December,

173

18

181

18

201

16

14

44

83

92

152

20

Total,.

1983

2201

1887

2472

1333

11814)

11579

13927

27230

24837

T.

128

170

152

182

101

71

Chinese cases

P.

0

0

0

0

1

12

75

100

207

152

41

6

8

11.

Small figures in month groups indicate paratyphoid cases and large figures indicate Typhoid cases

M 51

The total cases numbered 285 as compared with 302 in 1923. These figures include all notified cases including imported cases, those treated in hospitals in Hong-Kong but with their places of residence in the New Territories, and all cases notified as occurring in the Navy and Army.

The figures showing the population belonging to the Navy and Army during the years of the war are not available.

As however these numbers are small in proportion to the total population, the following table is inserted.

This table shows the incidence per 1000 on the civil popula- tion of Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fevers, all cases of these diseases being included in the calculation.

-

Year

Total Civil Population

No. of Cases Rate per 1000

1915

509160

201

0.394

1916

529010

221

0.417

1917

535100

195

0.364

1918

561500

249

0.443

1919

598100

136

0.227

1920

648150

132

0.203

1921

625166

194

0.310

1922

662200

166

0.250

1923

681800

302

0.442

1924

799550

285

0.356

In the year 1921 was taken the first census since the year The census figure for the population is used in the above table and the populations for the following years are based on this figure, but some endeavour has been made to correct them as the census for 1921 was admitted to be too low.

If the estimated population for the year 1921 be used in- stead of the census figure the rate per 1000 for that year falls to 0.282.

For the year 1920 to 1924 it has been possible to calculate the incidence per 1000 of Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fevers on the civil population, excluding all cases of these diseases amongst the Naval and Military forces, all imported cases, and cases brought into hospitals from the New Territories.

2

+

1920

M 52

The following table shows the result of this calculation.

Year

Rate per 10000 for non-Chinese

1921 (A) 1921 (B)

1922

1923

1924

Rate per 1000 for Chinese

0.118

2.64

0.191

4.11

0.176

4.25

0.172

3.22

0.326

4.32.

0.1931

6.31.

(A) (B)

gives results based on the census figures.

gives results based on the estimated population.

The rates for the years 1923 and 1924 invite attention, the former on account of a noticeable increase in the Chinese rate and the latter on account of an unusually high rate for non- Chinese.

The high rate for non-Chinese during 1924 is due to a small but sharply defined epidemic in July and August of that year which was superimposed on the usual incidence of these diseases.

*

The following table shows the number of cases both Chinese and Non-Chinese of Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fevers notified weekly throughout July and August of 1924. Imported cases are excluded.

Weeks ended Chinese Cases

Non-Chinese

Total Cases

Cases

July 7th

2

4

6

14th

2

4

??

6

21st

1

17

18

28th

14

20

August 4th

5

5

10

11th

3

7

18th

12

0

12

25th

5

3

8

Sept. 1st

5

9

A diagram is given to show the number of cases of Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fevers notified during the months of July. August and September 1924.

In viewing this diagram it must be remembered that the cases notified on any day were not necessarily infected on even approximately the same day.

The incubation period of typhoid fever is variable and notifications are made at very different stages of the disease, some being comparatively early and the others late, while some cases are only diagnosed post mortem.

KENNEDY TOWN

SHEKTONGTSUI

SEI YING

10

9

SHEKTONGTSUI

10

SEI YING POON

SHEUNG W

9

8

7

TA

6A

SHEUNG WAN

7

L

6

5

III

A

CHOONG WAN

L

ـالي

4

TAL

6A

3

B

B

حليل

2

2

R

HA WAN

2A

WAN CHAI

BOWRINGTON

1 A

WONGN

BOWRINGTON

WONGNE!

1

:

CAUSEWAY BAY

1

SHAUKIWAN

>

9

KENNEDY TOWN

SHEKTONGTSUI

SEI YING PO!

自助

10

CITY OF V

SEI YING POON

9

8

TY OF VICTORIA

SHEUNG WAN

7 6

7A.

6A

LO

5

3

A

B

CHOONG WAN

что

L

4

A

WAN

B

U

2

R

HA WAN

2A

WAN

WAN CHAI

BOWRING TON

1 A

1

2A

WONGNEI CHUNG VALLEY

CAUSEWAY BAY

"

SHAUKIWAN

SHAUKIWAN

3

!

□ MARKET

SHAM SHUI PO

14.

MARKET

HARBOUR

OF REFUGE

KOWLOON H.D'S.

Q MARKET

13.

MONGKO KTSUI

YAUMATI

WAR DEPT

DO MARKET

E: MARKET

12.

CHINESE

CEMETERY

MA TAU WAI

DYAUMATI STATION

INDIAN CEMETERY

MA TAU kok

CHINESE CEMETERY

DISINFECTING STATION

EUROPEAN PROTESTANT CEMETERY

R. C. CEMETERY

CATTLE DEPOT

CHINESE CEMETERY

15.

TO KWA WAN

KING'S PARK

11.

:

HUNG HOM

BAY

MARKET

SHEKSHAN

M: 55

During the year 1924 the Non-Chinese cases of Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fevers were 42.8 per centum of the total cases while during the year 1923 they were only 28.8 per centum of the total cases.

The incidence of the diseases during 1923 was therefore heavier amongst the Chinese than amongst the non-Chinese.

Morever in spite of there having been no epidemic wave comparable to that of 1924 attributable to some common source of infection the actual number of cases which occurred during 1923 exceeded by 17 the number for 1924.

4

Towards the end of the dry season in 1923 restriction on the supply of water caused the Chinese to collect water during the hours when it was procurable from house taps and street hydrants in buckets and various improvised receptacles and store the water throughout the remainder of the day.

Such a state of water shortage may therefore lead to accidental contamination of water after its delivery from the house taps and public fountains.

No evidence based upon the distribution of the cases either as regards place or time existed which would suggest that water from any given source was specifically contaminated before de- livery, nor were the cases sufficient in number to suggest that all the sources of water were contaminated.

Notifications of Infectious disease are received from various source and may be classed as coming from hospitals, private medical practitioners and the public mortuaries. Those received from the mortuaries refer to cases not diagnosed before death.

A comparison of the cases of Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fevers notified in 1923 and 1924 when classed' under the above mentioned headings is interesting.

The following table shows this comparison. Typhoid Paratyphoid

Source of

Notification

1923 1924

1923 1924

Total 1923 1924

G. C. H.

48

62

T. W. H.

36

45

K. W. H.

6

6

V. G. H.

1

3

P. P..

67 100

20

H. K. M.

101

25

K. M.

13

0000000

10.

58

71

0:

36

45

6

6

1

3

28

87

128

101

25

13

G. C. H.

T. W. H.

K. W. H.

V. G. H. P. P.

H. K. M. K. M.

means Government Civil Hospital,

means Tung Wa Hospital,

means Victoria Gaol Hospital.

means private medical practitioners. means Hong-Kong Public: Mortuary. means Kowloon Public Mortuary.

means Kwong Wa Hospital,

:

M 56

Excluding cases of deaths from violence and sudden deaths the bodies examined at the public mortuaries are those of persons who have not been under the care of qualified medical

men.

These are mostly from the poorest people living under the least favourable conditions of domestic sanitation.

Yet the water supply as delivered is of the same quality for all.

The comparatively high figure for Typhoid cases notified from the mortuaries during 1923 lends support to the supposition that the incidence of the disease was mostly determined by domestic factors.

On the other hand the higher figures in 1924 for those cases notified by private medical practitioners and from hospitals sug- gests that a more favoured class suffered more in this year.

Owing to errors in the census and the continual fluctuation in the population no accurate estimate can be made of the dis- tribution of the population according to age and sex.

Comparatively few births are registered but probably a greater proportion of male than female births.

It has however been estimated that the Chinese female population may be taken as approximately equal to one third of the total Chinese population.

The following table shows the number of cases of Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fevers for the years 1923 and 1924 classed according to sex and age over and under 10 years.

The two years show noteworthy differences both in age and sex distribution.

1923 1924

Year

Males

Under 10 years

Females

Over 10 years Males Females

36

44

88

47

11

96

48

In 1923 the female cases were 46.9 per cent. of the total cases while in 1924 they were 36.07 per cent.

While the difference in sex distribution of the population is due to the fact that it consists chiefly of adult males who are labourers, the children being more equally divided between the two sexes, there is probably a slight preponderance of male

1

M 57

children over female children owing to less care being given amongst the poor people to the preservation of female infant lives than to the preservation of male infants.

The excess of female over male cases under the age of ten is therefore not especially indicative of greater chances of in- fection amongst the females than amongst the males.

The difference in the population of cases amongst children in the two years is remarkable.

In 1923 the children provided 37.16 per cent. of the Chinese cases while in 1924 they only amounted to 11.64 per cent.

This adds support to the view that the source of infection in the year 1923 when there was no epidemic wave as in 1924 super-imposed on the usual curve of incidence, were of domestic origin e.g. the necessity during a shortage of water of collecting and storing it in any available receptacle.

Deaths from Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fevers.

The following table shows the deaths from these diseases for nine years from 1914 to 1924 (excluding the years 1916 and 1918 the necessary details for these two years being unavailable) distributed according to age groups.

1 month

Age Groups.

Under 1

month.

to

1 year

to

5 years

to

15 years

to

25 years

to

45 years

to

Over 60

years.

Unknown.

Total.

1 year.

5 years.

15 years.

25 years.

45 years.

60 years.

- M 58 -

Years

1924.

6

1923.

1

13

1922.

1921..

0

1920.

0

1919..

1

1917...

0

1915.

1914.

O3NOOON H∞

6

14

30

15

. 14

1

51

27

36

41

10

0

2

16

16

29

8

1

0

10

17

31

0

4

10

21

25

8

21

19

14

24

2

30

26

18

29

10

27

22

18

25

4

4

15

20

11

19

4

2

OOHO☺☺☺☺☺

FOTOCOL+N

116

0

179

76

69

68

87

116

104

74

M 59

The number of non-Chinese deaths ascribed to Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fevers for the years 1914 to 1924 (excluding the years 1916 and 1918) were as follows:

1924

1923

1922

1921 1920

Years

Number of

death

15

1919

14

1917

6

1915

10

1914

11

Years

Number of

death

5

5

10

5

There is a remarkable difference between the incidence of Typhoid Fever during recent years and that of former years.

To illustrate this the following table is given. The figures have been taken from the Annual Report of the Colonial Surgeon for 1894.

It must be understood that Paratyphoid Fever had not at that time been differentiated from allied diseases and that the term Simple Continued Fever covered a group of diseases.

Some cases of malaria, especially of the subtertian type, were probably diagnosed as Enteric Fever or Simple Continued Fever.

It is however probable that the terms Enteric Fever and Simple Continued Fever taken together are to a very large ex- tent synonymous with the terms Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fevers taken as a group.

Simple Continued Fever

Enteric Fever

Year.

Chinese

Non-Chinese

Chinese

Non-Chinese

Chinese

Total

Non-Chinese

1873..

12

0

96

1874.

125

1

46

1875.

31

1

291

649

108

6

171

5

322

6

CO LO CO

1876..

94

1

343

437

10

1877.

145

370

8

515

. 13

1878.

89

481

15

470

18

1879.

116

733

21

849

24

1880..

309

1

373

12

682

13

1881.

438

2

168

17

606

19

1882.

679

10

1883..

262

1884.

132

1885.

105

1886.

9

1887..

9

1888..

2

1889.

1

1890...

1

1891.

1892.

1893.

1894.

OOON

6

AGOGANGNGL~-ĈI

71

13

850

23

571

9

733

10

7

600

4

732

11

7

755

11

860

18

772

8

781

13

441

10

450

17

299

301

9

363

364

342

343

427

1

433

6

446

1

446

1

448

1

448

6

435

2

433

6

-M 60.

In the original tables there is only mention of European (British and Foreign) and Chinese deaths. It is not stated that non-Chinese other than Europeans are included.

M 61

Allowance must be made for errors in diagnosis in these earlier years, there was then little or no control of diagnosis by bacteriological and pathological experiment.

When however it is noted that the above figures represent fatal cases only and that they must be multiplied considerably before they can be used even to suggest the incidence of cases of these diseases, and when further it is remarked that during the same years the deaths ascribed simply to diarrhoea were approximately equivalent to those from Simple Continued Fever, the significance of such figures is still very great.

Excuse for bringing to notice again these long forgotten figures is sought in that they show the value of preventive measures. These have been the provision of public water sup- plies and the closure of private wells.

These two measures must always go hand in hand for if the public supply at any time fail to be sufficient recourse will be had to undesirable sources and insanitary methods of storing water.

The following brief notes on the provision of public water supplies have been obtained by the courtesy of the Water Authority.

They clearly indicate the continued call for more and more water to keep pace with the rapidly increasing population.

Even long after the last year dealt with in the Colonial Surgeon's report for 1894 there were private wells. In the city these were often in houses and where not actually in houses were in narrow lanes and alleys where they were exposed to great pollution.

Some of these were not closed. until as late as 1902 but by far the greater number had been closed before that year.

Some few years ago during a time of shortage of water at the end of the dry season a demand was made for the opening of old wells. The foregoing remarks may serve to indicate the grave danger that may result from any such procedure.

Notes on the provision of public water supplies.

1863:-Provision of a small reservoir at Pokfulam to hold

2000000 gallons.

1871: Pokfulam reservoir constructed to hold 60000000 gallons. 1889:-Tytam reservoir constructed to hold 312000000 gallons. 1891-Pumping works to supply water to the Peak provided. 1895:-Pokfulam reservoir capacity increased to 70400000 gal-

lons.

M: 62

1997: Tytam reservoir capacity increased to 407000000 gallons. 1899:-Wong Nei Chung reservoir added, capacity 33260000

gallons.

1904 :-Tytam by-wash reservoir constructed to hold 26301000

gallons.

1907:-Tytam intermediate

210400000 gallons.

reservoir constructed to hold

1917-Tytam Tuk reservoir added, completing the scheme of

Tytam reservoirs, capacity 1419000000 gallons.

Kowloon.

1895:-First public supply increased in 1901 to yield 332000 gallons daily.

1919-completion of the present Kowloon reservoir on the Sha

Tin Road capacity 374000000 gallons.

1906(1904 to 1906) provision of a supply for shipping yielding

a daily "draw off" of 500000 gallons and over.

Shaukiwan.

1896:-Inauguration of a scheme to yield 50000 gallons daily 1912-1914-Augmentation of former supply and construction of

a service reservoir to hold 350000 gallons.

Aberdeen.

1896:-Scheme projected for a service reservoir to hold 112000 gallons received from hill streams. This has since been replaced by a supply from the reservoir supplying the Aberdeen paper mill and the provision of filter beds.

Although the provision of public water supplies has undoub- tedly been the principal factor in reducing the incidence of Typhoid Fever and allied diseases in the Colony there still re- main other ways of acquiring infection.

Twenty to thirty years ago there was in. this colony a wide- spread belief that Chinese did not suffer from Typhoid Fever to any appreciable extent. The old reports of the Colonial Sur- geon had been forgotten. It is probably true that the Chinese have a higher degree of immunity to this disease than have Europeans of these days. This combined with the habit of tea drinking which means that drinking water is boiled now accounts probably to a great extent for the difference in incidence of the disease between Chinese and non-Chinese residents.

At the same time the infection of non-Chinese was generally ascribed to the eating of vegetables, especially in salads, grown by Chinese and therefore by the use of manure from human sources and also by the eating of oysters.

M 63

Since the introduction of bacteriological and pathological methods of diagnosis the belief in the general immunity of Chinese to Typhoid fever has been destroyed but in view of the experience of earlier years it should not have been held.

These earlier experiences and some later ones also show that if given a foul water supply the Chinese will suffer from Typhoid.

Foul water will infect by many other channels than de- liberate drinking.

The higher the presumed immunity of Chinese to Typhoid the higher presumably may be the number of unknown "Carriers" of Typhoid amongst them.

There is no means of estimating the probable ratio of "carriers" per 1000 of the population.

When however it is recognised that carriers may be employ- ed in handling food, drinks and ice the existence of a source of infection even when the public water supply is above suspicion is evident.

The eating of raw vegetables and uncooked oysters are of course methods of laying oneself open to infection.

But given carriers amongst the community the principal source of infection other than that of food drinks and ice handled by them is probably through the agency of flies.

The excreta in the pans of dry privies invite the visits of flies and so do exposed articles of food and milk.

Experience has shown that in this colony a plague of flies in a house is generally evidence of domestic negligence on the part of the house holder or a neighbour.

Fortunately there are very few stables in the colony but there are some from which occasionally residents procure manure for their gardens.

The use of stable manure in the gardens of houses, unless care be taken to prevent its giving rise to a fly nuisance, has been known to be and will continue to be a grave source of danger.

The substitution wherever possible of water flushed public latrines for former "dry" latrines which has been the policy of the Government for a number of years is a step towards the re- duction of the chances of infection, as is also the installation in private houses of water-closets to replace the "bucket" privies formerly found in nearly every house.

M 64

For many years permission has been freely given for the installation of water closets in private premises whenever it has been shown that an adequate supply of water for flushing can be provided, and there is reason to think that the occupiers will use these apparatus rightly.

In spite however of the increase of automatically acting preventive measures such as the installation of water closets and the provision of a pure water supply there remains and will remain the necessity of paying heed to the canons of domestic hygiene.

Food Poisoning.

Excluding such diseases as Typhoid Fever, Cholera and Dysentery which may be acquired by eating food contaminated with the virus of these diseases there is a group of diseases less well defined to which the term Food-poisoning has been applied.

This group of diseases may be divided into two sub-groups in one of which the disease is brought about by the presence in the food of one or other of several species of bacteria, and in the other of which the cause of disease is a poison produced in the food during some change which the food has undergone and which may have been due to some remote bacterial contamina- tion.

It is only to the latter class of disease that the term Ptomaine poisoning can reasonably be applied, but this term is often loosely used by the general public and even by medical practitioners to include all classes of Food-Poisoning.

True Ptomaine poisoning is a somewhat rare disease and, fortunately the Ptomaines which may be formed during the de- composition of foods which causes them to acquire the un- pleasant taste and smell so well known in flesh foods which have been kept too long before being eaten, are not extremely poisonous when merely ingested.

The majority of cases of Food poisoning belong to the first mentioned class e.g. they are due to contamination of the food with some micro-organism capable of causing disease.

It is possible that the infectivity of such food may be due to disease of the animal from which the food has been derived.

Apart from this however there is always the possibility of food, originally good, acquiring contamination by handling.

Thorough cooking sterilises food. If however food after cooking be kept e.g. to be eaten next day it may through having been handled acquire the power of setting up an acute diarrhoea and the train of symptoms accompanying food poisoning.

M 65

The usual domestic ice chest is not reliable as a means of preventing the multiplcation of bacteria in food placed therein after it has been contaminated by dirty handling.

It is a good rule especially in hot weather to keep no flesh. food over till next day or so that it is not eaten until many hours after it has been cooked.

It is probable that many of the cases of acute diarrhoea which occur in the hot weather in the colony are due to the consumption of food which has acquired the power to cause disease through dirty handling.

During the year 1924 these occurred however an outbreak of Food-poisoning which appeared to belong to the second class of diseases mentioned above.

It was not found possible to demonstrate its presence with certainty but enquiry pointed to the presence in the food of a substance known as Tyrotoxicon a poisonous body allied to the so called Ptomaines or animal alkaloids.

After eating tea-cakes at a restaurant many people were seized with illness of which abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhoea were the chief symptoms.

sons.

The degree of illness seems to have varied in different per-

Rumour had it that over thirty people had been attacked.

Only two medical men reported cases and even they showed a strange reluctance either to say how many patients they had or to give their names and addresses, or to give the name of the restaurant where the cakes were eaten.

On being personally interviewed however these medical men gave all the help they could give.

The manager of the restaurant gave all possible facilities for enquiries.

Fortunately one of the medical men who reported cases had promptly obtained a few cakes from the same "baking" as those on which suspicion had fallen.

These he sent to the medical department where they were subjected to chemical and bacteriological examination.

In the course of a few days information was gathered from some half dozen other persons who had eaten of these cakes and been more or less similarly ill afterwards.

N 66

-

The symptoms appear to have developed rapidly i.e. from one to three hours after the meal. Recovery was also said to

have been rapid. There were no fatal cases.

Inspection of the bakery showed that all possible care was taken for the sake of cleanliness.

The bacteriological examination of the cakes showed only a growth of bacillus subtilis and no harmful bacteria.

The chemical examination showed absence of mineral poisons and vegetable alkaloids.

Some of the cakes were made with custard which was found to be abnormally acid and to give a faint reaction which suggest- ed the presence of the poison known as Tyrotoxicon.

Butter imported in a frozen state had been used in the pre- paration of this custard.

It is of interest that two persons were taken ill after eating buttered toast at this restaurant on the same day on which the other sufferers ate the cakes, but these two had eaten no cakes

It was not possible to obtain any sample of butter from the same lot which had been used in preparing the cakes; it had all been used.

However samples of every ingredient in use at the bakery were later examined chemically with the result that no poisonous substances could be detected.

The rapid onset of the illnesses and the negative results of the bacteriological examination as regards harmful organisms indicated that this was not an outbreak of Food Poisoning of the more usual kind, that is caused by infection with living bacteria.

It was concluded that the poison was in the butter and was probably Tyrotoxicon or a Ptomaine produced in the butter by some remote bacterial action before importation.

The butter was imported in large quantities packed in paper lined wooden cases and frozen.

}

Some 600 lbs. were sold daily by the importers and it was delivered in the unopened original cases. It was placed in cold storage on importation and only taken therefrom on receipt of a customer's order.

The butter was still frozen when it was delivered at the bakery.

t

M 67

There was nothing in the appearence or smell of the butter to excite suspicion.

In spite of the large consumption of this class of butter in the colony at the time no complaint of illness from any other restaurant or tea shop was received.

It was probable that the contamination was confined to one case of butter containing 50 lbs. and that no blame could be attached either to the importers of the butter or to the manage- ment and staff of the bakery.

W. PEARSE, M.D., D.P.H.,

Medical Officer of Health.

- M 69 -

Table I.-DEATHS REGISTERED IN THE COLONY OF HONGKONG DURING 1924.

Blackwater Fever.

Typhus Fever.

Rabies (Hydrophobia.)

Dengue Fever. Paratyphoid Fever.

Influenza.

Small-pox.

Measles.

Typhoid Fever.

Diphtheria.

Cerebro-spinal Meningitis.

Dysentery.

Plague.

Malarial Fever.

Cholera.

Puerperal Fever. Septic Infections.

Syphilis.

Poisoning.

Injuries.

Developmental Diseases.

Old Age.

General Tuberculosis.

Beri-beri.

Cancer.

Paralysis and Convulsions.

Heart Diseases.

Pneumonia.

Phthisis & Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

Enteritis and Gastro- Enteritis.

Cirrhosis of Liver.

Peritonitis. Nephritis.

Other causes.

Unknown.

All causes.

British and

Foreign

Community,

Chinese

Community,

Civil,.

Victoria and

Peak, ...................

Harbour,

Kowloon,

Shaukiwan,................

Aberdeen,

į Stanley,..

Total, 1924,

""

1923,

4 14

1

2

1

28:319

8

82

23

51 227

...

2

66

:

3

N

1

I

16 387

2

13

14

27

14161

27

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:.

...

:

:

10

6

...

:

...

:

...

:

***

:

:

...

187

58

386

2

11

4

:

:

15

39

1

...

16

:

:

:

A

:

5

3

2 14 4

5

4

2

7

10

12

38

27

n

11 56

252

:

3

43236

3

11

55

3

12 175

3125

76 92

68 | 154 | 385 | 131 | 270 | 686

5 136

5 217 56 612

98 2,0371027 530

36

27 178 1924 79

8100

7

3 14

61106 36

1

1

15

94

6886

9,008

907

32

23

57

820 | 418 | 407

7

8218496 | 142

4,830

1

1

3

1

10

61

1

...

1 1

5

...

:

6

1

325

T

ลง

2

22

34

32

N

6

69

13

375

1

291

1

4 20 2

153

:.

1

1

5

:

...

:..

:

...

T

:

75 355 409 564 | 340 1502 124| 123 | 183 | 2,984 16421011 52

77|313 658 | 595 325 1270 87

99190 2,790 1503 821

:

:.

:

2 5

1

28

38 432 2660 328|15,553

41 375 2799 431 | 15,536

1

1

1

4

888

52795

14113 40

707

:

B

83 1141

9175 43

95 319 136 674

1 19

:

1

Rabies

January.

February.

M 70

Table II.-CASES CF NOTIFIABLE DISEASES RECORDED IN EACH MONTH OF THE YEAR 1924.

March.

April.

May.

June.

July.

August.

September.

*1039100

VIDUAIN

November.

December.

Katana abd al ve

M

Total, 1924.

Total, 1923.

European..

...

Plague...

Chinese

Others

European.

3

Typhoid Fever

Paratyphoid Fever......

Chinese

7

Others European.

2

1

...

Chinese

Others

European.

Cholera

Chinese

Others

...

European..

5

2

2

Small-Pox

Chinese

421

231

135

43

Others

2

***

European..

6

I

1

Chinese Others

European.

Diphtheria

Puerperal Fever.

Chinese

3

Others

European

3

Scarlet Fever

Chinese

1

2

Others

1

European.

6

5

3

Relapsing Fever..............

Typhus Fever...........

Cerebro Spinal Fever...

Yellow Fever

Chinese Others

European. Chinese Others European

Chinese Others

European.. Chinese Others

...

⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ co co co com: om:::

...

...

...

...

+44

...

:::

148

148

:

29

12

3

1

3

60

37

9

6

14

23

22

16

13

13

152

248

207

272

3

5

6

3

4

4

36

28

3

12

3

22

13

3

2

3

11

37

8

30

1

1

4

9

...

1

:

...

1.

11

16

...

26

3

4

888

913

1,292

1,320

J

3

1

14

3

3

1

1

1

2

5

26

12 27

3

6

5

6

3

2

7

63

06

59

91

1

5

...

1

1

2

1

3

14

16

19

20

1

...

...

***

...

...

:.

1

...

...

...

...

...

...

22

10

16

4

1

4

4

1

...

1

1

...

1

1

1

...

...

1

2

2

6

79

81

104

107

...

:

...

...

European.. Chinese

...

Dogs

1

1

1

2

...

Total, 1924................

464

279

187

79

71

34

85

2222

52

43

27

83

47

Total, 1923....

40

51

75

124

210 180

110

72

76

192

427

441

{

:

5

1

.7

1.401

1,998

!

Table III.—The following Table shows the nature and distribution of these diseases :—

1

2

སྐད

City of Victoria : Health Districts.

3

6

8

9

10

ON

:00 ~ +

6

2

12 | 11

5

27

1

3

90

47

:

2

INT ::--

148

248

272

7

37

30

M 71

913

1320

90

91

:

16

20

9

1

4

81

107

Plague

Enteric Fever

17

24

19 22

6

2

14

12

Paratyphoid Fever..

2

1

1

1

Cholera

Small-pox

78

69

: 2

Diphtheria

9

13

Puerperal Fever.

3

15

23

13

19

37

414

64

3

1

28

5

2

1

4

:: κα:

Scarlet Fever

5

Relapsing Fever..

...

...

Typhus Fever....

Cerebro-Spinal Fever.

8

2

6

9

I

4

8

3

18

Yellow Fever

Rabies {

Man.

...

Dogs

2

1

7

M 72

Table IV.

MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS

DURING THE YEAR 1924.

CITY OF VICTORIA.

March.

April.

May.

June.

July.

August.

September.

October.

November.

December.

Total.

January.

February.

Mus Rattus...

Mus Decumanus,

Total Infected Rats,.....

Human Cases of Plague,...

:

:

:

Local.... Import- ed,...

::

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS

DURING THE YEAR 1924.

Kowloon.

Total.

March.

April.

May,

June.

:

July.

August.

...

September.

October,

November.

December.

February.

January.

Mus Rattus,

Mus Decumanus,

Total Infected Rats...

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Kowloon

88,938

35,285

124,223

The total number of Rats caught in Hongkong

Human Cases

of Plague,...

Local,. Import- ed,

Do.

Do.

*

akmenstrua

CAUSES.

BRITISH

COMMUNITY.

AND FOREIGN

RETURN shewing

No. 2.

No. 8.

VICTORIA.

HEALTH DISTRICT,

No. 4.

Troops.

Women & Children.

camp followers.

Army.

Navy.

No. 1.

Civil.

1. Enteric Fever

14

No. 5.

17

No. 6.

No. 7.

No. 8.

7

9

:

:

3

:

:

:

10

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

16

2223

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

: :.

:

: :

...

:

:

:

:.

: :

:.

: :

:

2. Typhus Fever....

1

3. (a) Paratyphoid Fever

1

(b) Malta Fever

4. Malaria

6

5. Small-pox (a) Vaccinated.....

:

38

...

58

2

104

2

:

:

:

:

: : : :

:..

:

: :

: :

(b) Not vaccinated

(c) Doubtful

7

4

1

1

:

:

10

5

...

:

:

:

:

6

9

:

2

1

6

2

:.

30

15

9

14

:

:

: :.

:

: :

6

2

I

1

:

:

: : :

2

:

:

:

:

:

2

1

:

3

29

24

:

Ι

:

:

:

:

3

2

:

1

6

: :

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

: :

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

7:

:

:

:

F:

: :

:

:

:

2

6. Measles

7. Scarlet Fever

8. Whooping Cough

9. (a) Diphtheria...........

(b) Membranous laryngitis..........

(c) Croup.......

10. Influenza

11. Blackwater Fever

12. Asiatic Cholera

13. Cholera Nostras

14. Dysentery

15. Plague

16. Yellow Fever

17. Leprosy

18. Erysipelas

...

:

:

:

: :

2

1

1

:

:

:

:

: :

:

:

:

:

:

8

14

:

: :

:

:

:

:

:

7

10

12

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

ISES.

BRITISH

AND

FOREIGN COMMUNITY.

er

ver

›hoid Fever

Fever

Civil.

Troops.

Women

& Children.

Army.

camp followers.

Navy.

No. 1.

14

1

(a) Vaccinated

(b) Not vaccinated

(c) Doubtful

ver

Cough

éria.

:

:

anons laryngitis...

r Fever

olera

ostras

ver

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

7

4

1

1

:

D.

:

No. 2.

7

No. 3.

17

16

:

:

38

:

:

No. 4.

:

:

22

:

F.

:

RETURN shewing NUMBER and CAUSES

CHINESE COMMUNITY.

:

No. 5.

58

104

6

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

5

...

ลง

2

:.

:

:

:

:

10

:

~

:.

VICTORIA.

HEALTH DISTRICT.

10

:.

No. 9.

No. 8.

N

No. 7.

Co

No. 6.

:

:

:

:

:

:

29

24

2

:

:

30

:

:

:

}

2

:

:

:

:

3

:.

:

XC

No. 10.

15

7242

:..

:

5

52

10

2

:

:

:

:

Unknown.

:

:

01

:

Peak.

*

38

Harbour.

:

:

:

15

9

14

32

36

6

3

1

:

:

:

:

10

5

5

:

:

...

3

2

6

2

14

7

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

2

:

3

:

15

17

:

:

:

:

F:.

:

::.

:

:.

T:

10

12

28

16

77

:

:

:

M.

:

:

A

2

:

2

:

:

...

1:

:

:.

:

- M 73

URN shewing NUMBER and CAUSES of DEATHS Registered during the Year ending the 31st day of i

CHINESE COMMUNITY.

ICTORIA.

TH DISTRICT.

No. 7.

No. 8.

co

2

:

:

6

:

No. 9.

2

:

:

:

10

5

No. 19.

15

1242

52

:

Unknown.

10

:

:

10

14

32

36

:

:

I

5

...

1

:

:

Peak.

เค

5

38

:

KOWLOON SHAUKIWAN ABERDEEN

STANLEY

Under 1

DISTRICT.

DISTRICT.

DISTRICT.

DISTRICT.

month.

Harbour.

Land

Population.

Population. Boat

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Land

Population.

Beat

Population.

Non-Chinese.

:

:.

:

:

:

:

E

:

:

1

6

2

2

:

:

:

:

:

:

3

13

:

15

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

10

12

28

16

77

:

:

:

:

:

2

:

:

386

9

F:

17 387

2

:

2

14

:.

:

:

...

:

2

16

:

:

:

49

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

15

:

10

:

:.

12 161

15

:

:

:

:

:

E

3

:

:

:

:

:

:

I

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

39

33

16

:

:

:

6

:

:

:

:

:

:

B

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Chinese.

:

:

B

:

:

:

I month

iiif

and under 12 months.

:

:

:

:

:

:

Non-Chinese.

:

:

:

:

I

:

:

:

:

:

Chinese.

:.

I

:

:

:

:

:

...

:

:

39

...

:

...

:

:

:

168

I

...

7

:

:

...

:

:

:

6

:

:

:

1st day of December, 1924.

1 month

and under 12

hit

months.

Non-Chinese.

?

Chinese.

:

:

...

I

:

1

TOTAL AT THE DIFFERENT AGE PERIODS.

1 year and under 5

years.

5 years and under 15 years.

15 years and under 25

25 years and under 45

45 years

and

60 years

under 60

and over.

years.

years.

years.

:

Non-Chinese.

F

:

:

:

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

:

39

48

:

:

:

168

411

5

2

7

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

Chinese.

:

:

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

14

1

29

6

34

4

1

2

1

:

:

:

:

64

2 126

:

:

...

:

66

1

46

3

23

9

:

:

6

15

:

:

:

:

:

:

...

:

:

21

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1

11

:

:

:

:

:

:

4

:

:

:

:

:

:

290

:

:

78

:

I

:

...

:

1

16

:..

Non-Chinese,

:

Q

:

:

Chinese.

1

Age Un- known.

Non-Chinese.

:

:

:

2

97

29

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

10

:

:

12

:

:

:

:.

:

:

13 3

35

1 162

121

2

:

:

:

:

2

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Chinese.

:

:

:

:

:

GRAND

TOTAL.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

D

:

:

:

:

:

:

70

:

:

113

:

:

:

1

3

707

...

:

*95

14

19

40

52

...

432

R

:

12

15

:

:

:

:

...

14

59

56

25

17

20

13

12

15

229

39

46

101

7

28

2

12

22

34

36 114

46

:

:

4

11

:

2

10

82

10

12

5

1

1

}

1

20

~

+

12

6

...

1

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

4

1

:

:

:

:

:

...

:

:

:

:

:

28. (a) Pulmonary tuberculosis

(b) Phthisis....

29. (a) Acute Phthisis

(b) Acute Miliary Tuberculosis

30. Tuberculous meningitis

31. (a) Abdominal Tuberculosis

(b) Other abdominal tuberculosis

32. Tuberculosis of the Spine

33. Tuberculosis of Joints

34. (a) Lupus

(b) Serofula.......

.....

(c) Tuberculosis of other organs

35. Disseminated Tuberculosis..............

36. (a) Rickets

(b) Osteomalacia.

37. Syphilis

3

1

2

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

106

:

:

t-

:

:

:

:

a

15

1

:

:

:

...

:

:.

:

:

:

1

3

1

:

:

:

7

3

10

5

:

:

:

:

:

12

11

:

5

:

...

3

4 122

...

10

:

:

:.

6

89

14

وم

:

:

N

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

10

5

1

:

4

.:..

:

:

:

ON

2

3

ترم

2

3

1

1

1

:

:

:

1

1

1

1

:

:

:

:

:

:

I

:

:

1

:

2

...

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1

2

1

82

6

~

2

2

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:..

:

:

:

:

:..

:

:

:

:

...

:

:

:

-

:

3

:

:

1

1

1

:

:

:

تن

3

:

:

:

:

:

1

:

:

:

:

:

2

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CAUSES.

RETURN shewing NU

BRITISH

AND

FOREIGN COMMUNITY.

VICTORIA.

HEALTH District.

Troops.

Women & Children.

camp followers.

No. 6.

No.

7.

CH

No. 8.

No. 9.

1

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49

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28. (a) Pulmonary tuberculosis

(b) Phthisis.....

29. (a) Acute Phthisis

(b) Acute Miliary Tuberculosis

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31. (a) Abdominal Tuberculosis

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32. Tuberculosis of the Spine

33. Tuberculosis of Joints

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(c) Tuberculosis of other organs

35. Disseminated Tuberculosis.....

36. (a) Rickets

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3 1

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37. Syphilis

38. (a) Soft Chancre.....

(b) Gonococcus infection

(c) Purulent Ophthalinia

39. Cancer and other malignant

tumours of the buccal cavity

40. Cancer and other malignant tumours of the stomach or liver

41. Cancer and other malignant

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Civil,

No. 2.

RETURN shewing NUMBER and CAUSES of DEAT

No. 3.

Troops.

Women &

Children.

Army.

camp followers.

Navy.

No. 1.

49

12

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No. 4.

VICTORIA.

CHINESE COMMUNITY.

HEALTH DISTRICT.

No. 5.

No. 6.

No. 7.

No. 8.

No. 9.

No. 10.

Unknown.

KOWLOON DISTRICT.

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KOWLOON SHAUKIWAN ABERDEEN

STANLEY

Under I

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and

DISTRICT.

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month.

under 12 months.

under 5

years.

M 74

NUMBER and CAUSES of DEATHS Registered during the Year ending the 31st day of December, 1924

CHINESE COMMUNITY.

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of December, 1924.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

5 years and under 15

years.

15 years and under 25

25 years and under 45

45 years

and

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under 60

and over.

Age Un- known.

GRAND TOTAL.

years.

years.

years.

TOTAL AT THE DIFFERENT AGE PERIODS,

1 month

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years.

Non-Chinese.

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Chinese.

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Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

7

241

98

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Chinese.

6 526

18

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Chinese.

Chinese.

1

107

129

229

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11. Blackwater Fever

12. Asiatic Cholera

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15. Plague....

16. Yellow Fever

17. Leprosy

18. Erysipelas

5

...

.....

...

19. Other Epidemic diseases....

(a) Mumps

(b) German measles

(c) Varicella

(d) Fever (undefined)

20. (a) Pyaemia

(b) Septicaemia

(c) Vaccinia

21. Glanders

22. Anthrax

23. Rabies-(Hydrophobia)

24. Tetanus

25. (a) Actinomycosis

(b) Other mycoses

26. Pellagra

27. Beri Beri

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3,837

:

CAUSES.

BRITISH

AND

FOREIGN COMMUNITY.

Civil.

No. 2.

Troops.

Women & Children.

camp followers.

Army.

Navy.

No. 1.

95 1

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No. 3.

RETURN sher

No. 4.

762

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21

1

VICTORIA.

HEALTH DISTRICT

No. 5.

...

No. 6.

336

35

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2

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...

No. 7.

No.

8.

232 114

122 158

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Brought forward.......

52. Addison's disease.....

53. (a) Leucocythaemia

(b) Bantis' Disease

54. Anæmia-(chlorosis)

55. (a) Diabetes insipidus..

(6) Purpura....

(c) Hæmophilia

(d) Other General Diseases

56. Alcoholism

57. (a) Occupational lead poisoning

(b)

Non-occupational

poisoning

lead

58. Other chronic poisoning (occu{

pational)....

59. Other chronic poisoning (non

occupational)

60. Encephalitis...

61. (a) Cerebro-spinal Fever

(b) Simple Meningitis,

(c) Meningitis (nature unspe

cified)

62. Locomotor Ataxy

63. Other diseases of spinal cord .

(a) Transverse Myelitis

(b.)......

61 (a) Anonløvr

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1 month and under 12 months.

- M 76

RN shewing NUMBER and CAUSES of DEATHS Registered during the Year ending the 31st day of De

TORIA.

CHINESE COMMUNITY.

DISTRICT.

No. 7.

No. 8.

No. 9.

Unknown.

No. 10.

KOWLOON

SHAUKIWAN

ABERDEEN

STANLEY

Under 1

DISTRICT.

DISTRICT.

DISTRICT.

DISTRICT.

month.

Population.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Non-Chinese.

Population.

Boat

Harbour.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Land

Peak.

122

158

838

263

415

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169 2,387

118

166

:

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

33

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day of December, 1924.

TOTAL AT THE DIFFERENT AGE PERIODS.

1 month and under 12

months.

Non-Chinese.

1 year and under 5

years.

5 years and under 15

years.

15 years and under 25

25 years and under 45

45 years

and

60 years

Age Un-

under 60

and over.

known.

GRAND TOTAL.

years.

years.

years.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

8 637

10 1,058

6 440

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830

:

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49

Non-Chinese.

:

1

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

38 2,247

14 906

4 295

6,767

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52. Addison s disease.

53. (a) Leucocythaemia

(b) Bantis' Disease

54. Anæmia-(chlorosis).......

55. (a) Diabetes insipidus.....

(b) Purpura

(c) Hæmophilia

(d) Other General Diseases

56. Alcoholism

57. (a) Occupational lead poisoning

(b)

Non-occupational lead

poisoning

58. Other chronic poisoning (occu

pational)

59. Other chronic poisoning (non-

occupational)

60. Encephalitis.

61. (a) Cerebro-spinal Fever

(b) Simple Meningitis,

(c) Meningitis (nature unspe

cified)

62. Locomotor Ataxy

63. Other diseases of spinal cord

(a) Transverse Myelitis

(b).......

:

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1

2

3

14

:

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1

10

5

:

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40

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2

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6

1

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64. (a) Apoplexy

(b) Serous apoplexy (oedema of

brain)

....

(e) Cerebral Congestion.. (d) Cerebral Atheroma (inclu- ding atheroma with cerebral hæmorrhage)

(e) Cerebral Hæmorrhage.....

55. Softening of the Brain

36. (a) Hemiplegia

(b) Paraplegia

(c) Other forms of paralysis

67. General Paralysis of the Insane

68. Other forms of Mental Aliena!

tion

69. Epilepsy

70. (a) Epileptiform Convulsions.

(b) Convulsions over 5 years.

71. Convulsions in children under

5 years.......

Carried forward..

31

110

I

1

:

:

:

I

:.

2

127 171

912 2

71

914 537

38

1

-159 2501 121

MEDICAL REPORT

FOR THE YEAR

1924

0

M (1) 3

CONENTS

I. Administrative :-

(a.) Staff,

Changes in,

(b.) Financial,

II.-Vital Statistics,

III.-Meteorology,

IV.-General Remarks,..

V.-Hospitals, Institutes, etc.,..........

VI.-Kowloon and New Territories, VII. The Tung Wah Hospital,....

VIII. The Chinese Midwives,

Page

5

7

7

9

10

22

26

31

The Bacteriological Institute,

33

The Public Mortuaries...

89

The Chemical Laboratory,

60

The Office of the Health Officer of the Port, ................

65

RETURNS, STATISTICS :-

Statistics of Diseases and deaths,

72

Statistics of Diseases, Kowloon Dispensary

Statistics-Venereal Diseases,

87

32

Statistics of post-mortem examinations (Victoria)

89

Do.,

do.

(Kowloon)

-94

Statistics from the Bacteriological Institute,..... Statistics from the Chemical Laboratory,

36

60

Statistics from the Health Officer of the Port,

68

M (1) 5

ANNUAL MEDICAL REPORT FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31st DECEMBER, 1924.

(a.) Staff:-

I.—ADMINISTRATIVE.

Principal Civil Medical Officer, Medical Officers,

Bacteriologist,

Health Officers of the Port and

Inspectors of Emigrants,..." Medical Officer, New Territories, Chinese Medical Officers,

Resident Surgeon, Tung Wah

Hospital,

Analyst,

Assistant Analysts,

Assistant Analyst (Temporary),

Nursing Staff :-

1

6

1

3

1

2

1

Matron,...

Assistant Matron

1

Nursing Sisters,

25

Temporary,... 2

1

19

9

1

Nurse,

Probationer Nurses (Chinese), Probationer Dressers (Chinese), Head Attendant, (Asylum), Female Attendant, (Asylum),... Wardmasters, Chinese, Midwives, (Chinese),

Dispensers :-

Apothecary and Medical

Storekeeper,.

147

1

.....

1

1

Assistant Apothecary,. 5th Grade Dispenser, 6th Grade Dispensers,. Interpreter and Dispenser,

Clerical Staff :

Accountant,

Third Grade Clerk, Fourth Grade Clerk, Fifth Grade Clerks,..

Sixth Grade Clerks,..

11124

2

Other Officers :-

Steward,

1

Sampler (Temporary),.

Third Grade

Laboratory

Assistant,

1

Fourth Grade

Laboratory

Assistant, .....

1

Public Vaccinators..

12

Linen Maid,

1

Wardboys, Amahs, Cooks and

Others,.........

174

J

M (1) 6

CHANGES IN THE STAFF.

Dr. J. B. Addison appointed Principal Civil Medical Officer on 4th February and arrived in the Colony on 1st March vice Dr. J. T. C. Johnson retired.

Dr. A. R. Esler transferred to another Colony.

Dr. W. L. Paterson appointed Medical Officer on 4th January and arrived in the Colony on 8th February.

Mrs. R. C. Anslow appointed Linen Maid from 4th January vice Mrs. E. T. King discharged.

Misses A. E. Hammond, E. C. Murray, M. E. Riddle, A. M. Pearton, W. Riddle, B. M. Gill, R. V. G. Daye, M. K. North, M. I. Turnbull and F. M. M. Huxtable arrived in the Colony and appointed Nursing Sisters 3 from 9th January, 2 from 11th January, 1 from 22nd February, 2 from 7th March 1 from 4th April and 1 from 29th November.

Mr. J. T. Shand appointed Assistant Apothecary from 16th January.

Mr. W. O. Barrington appointed temporary Assistant Analyst on 1st February and resigned on 11th April.

Staff Nurse R. Tom resigned from 1st March.

Dr. Shin Lok Shang appointed Chinese Medical Officer from 7th March.

Messrs. David Loie and A. Kurrick appointed temporary Assistant Analysts from 28th April and 26th November respectively.

Mr. J. O. Regan invalided on 28th April.

Capt. D. Fettes resigned from 1st June.

Mr. K. W. Lane invalided on 12th June.

M

Dr. H. L. Clift appointed temporary Medical Officer from 22nd June.

Misses A. J. Halligan and E. B. Rennie appointed temporary Nursing Sisters from 10th July and 18th October respectively.

Dr. J. P. Fehily appointed Medical Officer on 1st August and arrived in the Colony on 4th September.

M (1) 7

ww

Dr. G. W. Pope appointed Medical Officer on 13th Septem- ber and arrived in the Colony on 16th October.

Mrs. F. M. Barlow retired on 28th October.

Dr. J. R. Craig appointed Medical Officer on 21st November and arrived in the Colony on 27th December.

Mr. W. F. Fincher appointed temporary Sampler from 15th December vice Mr. R. C. Hurley resigned.

(b) FINANCIAL.

The amount sanctioned in the Estimate was $476,606 and the Expenditure was $502,882.89.

Revenue received:

For Medical Treatment, ...

...$66,743.65

Medical Certificates,

15.00

>>

>>

Bacteriological Examinations,

4,752.12

Chemical Analyses,..

22,616,00

""

Bills of Health,

15,156.00

Medical Examination of Emigrants, . 96.315.60

II.--VITAL STATISTICS.

The population of the Colony is estimated to be ;—

British and foreign civilians

Chinese Civilians

...

Total number of Chinese births registered Total number of non-Chinese births

16,000 783,550

3,826

317

The general birth rate for the civil population is said to be 5.8 and that of the Chinese 5.47 per 1,000. From the nature of the case it is practically impossible to arrive at a correct estimate of the Chinese birth rate.

The total number of deaths was 15,553 and the general civilian death rate was 21.75 per 1,000. Of this total there were 15,301 . Chinese and 241 non-chinese civilians and the death rate was respectively 21.9 and 15.06 per 1,000.

Infantile mortality.--Among infants of one month or less, 7 non-chinese and 1,131 Chinese, died. Of those infants who were more than a month old but less than a year, 30 non-chinese and 3,567 Chinese died. The total number of children who died at the age of a year or less was therefore 37 non-chinese and 4,698 Chinese. These figures are derived from reliable statistics because the registration of deaths is compulsory, but as births are not registered in every case the Chinese birth rate given above is not accurate. (These statistics are derived from the Medical Officer of Health's office.)

III.-METEROLOGICAL RETURNS, 1924.

Monthly Values of Meteorological Elements.

MONTHLY VALUES of the METEOROLOGICAL ELEMENTS in the YEAR 1924. (British Units).

Barometric Pressure.

Month

1924.

Highest. Lowest. Mean.

Highest. Lowest,

Air Temperaturc.

Vapour Tension.

Mean,

Highest. Lowest. Mean

ME(1) 8

January

ins. ins. ins. 30-303 29.844 30·057 0·107 74-8

ins.

ins. ins.

ins,

о

о

47.5

27.3

65.9

59.8

6.1

62.4

58.9

0.677

i

0·262 | 0.459

February...

•223

·582 29·922 | 0·102] 74.6

49.2

25.4 63.6

57.3

6.3

60.3

57.9

0.812

0.210 | 0·462

March

•257

•642

·989 | 0·116| 75.3

52.1

23.2

67.0

59.2

7.8

62.5

58.7

0·703

0·263

0·451

April

·034

*471

·811 | 0·093| 85.4

57.4

28.0

74.4

66.8

8.6

69.3

66.3

0.919

0.375 0·615

May

29.864

*585

719 0·084 | 88.1

73.1

15:0

84.4 76.7

7.7 79.6

75.4

0.953

0·355 | 0.826

June

.777

⚫425

·625 | 0.065 | 90·3

72.9

17:4

84.3

77.6

6.7

80.5

76.6

1.023

0-529 0·865

July.

.815

*365

·395 | 0.070| 89-1

76.3

12.8

86.4

78.4

8.0

81.7

77.8

1·032

0-785 | 0·902

August......

.883

*369

·608| 0.074| 89.7

75.6

14.1 86.7

78.2

8.5

81.9 77.6

1·046 0-754 0·890

September..

⚫920

*434

·742 0·089 93.2

74.3

18.9 86.8

78.6

8.2

82.2 77.0

1·047' 0·685 | 0·86%

October 30.094

•455

·836 0.090 88.8

64.0

24.8 81.2 72.7

8.5

76.5 70·0

0·933

0.286 | 0·657

November

December... •226

Year.

•314 ·803 30-015

774

30-314 29-365 29·830 0·092 93.2

⚫037

0·103 81·5 0.110 73.2

49.3

20.8

52.4

32.2 73.4

63.8

9.6

68.2

59.6

0.684

0.101 | 0·408

67.4

57.4

10.0

61.9

54.9

0.545

0.116 | 0·343

47.5

76.8

45.7

68.8

8.0

72.3

67.6

1.047 0·101

0.645

Date.

Nov.24 July 15

Sept. Jan. 1

Sept. Nov.

6.

24.

7.

- M (1) 9-

IV.--GENERAL REMARKS.

The year 1924 was free from any serious outbreak of in- fectious disease, the epidemic of small-pox which commenced

during the last three months of 1923 reached its highest in January and then rapidly declined.

1923 September

October

November

1924 January

February March...

April

May

:

...

The figures are :--

:

:

:

... 29 cases

...165

...407

...433

...255

...137

47

28

Plague.--For the first time for many years the Colony was entirely free from plague throughout a whole year. Bodies of rats were systematically examined at the Public Mortuaries, $9,822 at Victoria and 37,583 at Kowloon. No infected rats were found.

Beri-beri.-As in in the privious year beri-beri was prevalent, 141 cases were treated at the Government Civil Hospital, 848 at the Tung Wah Hospital, and 994 at Kwong Wah Hospital making a total of 1983. During the month of June my attention was called by Dr. Paterson the Medical Officer of the Gaol to the fact that there were several cases of beri-beri in the Victoria Gaol. The first case noticed was that of a

man who had been a prisoner for 5 years and 10 months. As the result of this case Dr. Paterson examined all the inmates of the prison and found that no less than 200 shewed slight signs of the disease while 54 shewed marked signs and of the latter 6 were admitted to the prison hospital.

The following table shows the length of time these 54 has been in prison :--

1 had been in prison 14

years.

1

9

A

""

""

1

1

""

7

16

""

5

>>

""

1

59

""

1

""

""

2

5

15

A

A

>>

""

2 1/3,, 21 years.

over 1

year.

over 100 days.

- M (1) 10 -

The remainder were short sentence prisoners. As all prisoners are examined on admission all the cases must have contracted the disease whilst in prison.

I saw a large number of the cases myself. A sample of the rice used as the basis of the prison diet was sent to the Govern- ment Analyst for report. The rice supplied by the contractor was a mixture of dark red rice and a whitish coloured rice and the Analyst report shewed that the percentage of Phosphorus Pentoxide was 0.61% which figure is well above the standard which is considered safe.

as this

The prison was overcrowed at the time and as soon was remedied the trouble subsided without any alteration in the diet or general routine. There were no deaths.

Malaria :--The numbers of the police force stationed in the New Territories recruited from Wei hai Wei again suffered severe- ly from malaria. The figures can be seen in the special part of the report dealing with the Police Force.

Owing to the limited number of beds at the Government Civil Hospital it was very difficult to keep these men in Hospital for a sufficient length of time to give them a thorough course of treatment and during the Autumn the Kennedy Town Hospital was opened to deal with these cases in a more thorough manner. 92 cases were admitted. The Hospital was kept open for 53 days.

New buildings etc. :-Good progress was made in the build- ing of the Kowloon Hospital and in the additions to the Victoria Hospital and it is anticipated that both will be completed during 1925.

Negociations were completed for acquiring " Rennies Mills" situated in Junk Bay to be used as a quarantine station this will provide a badly felt want. Endeavours were made to find a site for a New Lunatic Asylum but unfortunately without definite result, the present Asylum is quite unsuitable for its purpose.

It has been decided to move the two small-pox hospitals from Kennedy Town to another situation but the sites have not definite- ly been fixed upon. It has been decided to build a hospital for Infectious Diseases other than small-pox, hitherto these cases have been treated at the General Hospitals.

V.--HOSPITALS, INSTITUTES, &c.

Civil Hospital.-Dr. C. W. McKenny was the officer in charge during the year. During the first part of the year Dr. J. T. Smally was second medical officer but was replaced when he went on leave, owing to his ill health, by Dr. W. Lyle Paterson.

M (1) 11

F

No new posts have been made in the nursing staff but one sister is as far as possible stationed for a long period in the Operating Theatre as theatre sister.

This has proved a most happy arrangement and has conduced to the efficient conduct of the operative work.

Some little doubt was felt as to whether the extra accom- modation allotted to women in the medical wards of C. Block would be fully utilised but time has shown that such fears were quite unfounded.

IN PATIENTS:-The following list shows in-patients for the past ten years :—

1915-3085

1916-2969

1917-3292

1918-3677

1920-4071

1921-4815

1922-4417

1923-5455

1924-6106

1919-3926

This rate of progress is satisfactory but our present accom- modation has almost reached its limit. In fact on many occasions during the year over-crowding was present.

It is I think probable that in 1925 the admissions will not increase as undoubtedly the heavy incidence of malaria among the police was abnormal and is unlikely to be so severe in coming years but the normal increase as opposed to the-one might say--- accidental increase of this year is certain to continue and will at no distant date demand enlarged accommodation.

The daily average was 204.

(266 in 1923.)

The patients were divided as follows :-

1st Class,...

73 75 in 1923) 303 ( 312

Morning Clinic,

2nd

3rd

""

Out patients :--

Afternoon University Clinics :-

...5730 (5068

35

...27169 (28297 in 1923)

Surgical, ... Medical,

Total,

2480

1698

. 31347

Antirabic courses were administered to 36 patients as against

18 such treatments in 1923.

C

M (1) 12-

Vaccination against small pox was performed on 70 occasions.

This very low figure is probably due to the intensive vaccina- tion campaign towards the end of 1923 which probably made a clearance of person willing to be vaccinated.

The prescriptions dispensed numbered 25,452.

Nationalities of Patients :-

European

Indian,...

Other Asiatics,

...

...

1924

1923

...

...

. 867

722

...1147

1096

...4092

3637

The Males numbered 5,191 and the Female 915.

Deaths.-359 patients died and of these 126 died within 24 hours of admission.

The death rate was 5.8 % as compared with 5.7 % in 1923.

The death rate according to sex and nationality were :-

European

Indian,

Chinese,

Males,

...

...

1.3%

2.6%

7.7%

5.1%

.....

...10.2%

Females,

...

Operations performed :-864 operations are recorded as hav- ing been performed but it is probably that about 1000 were in fact performed. This difference is due to occasional forget- fulness on the part of the numerous anaesthetists in entering cases in the anaesthetic register.

These operations were performed by the Government staff, by the University Clinic under the control of Prof. Digby and in dental matters by Dr. Shovelton and in a few cases by other dentists.

The following list includes those operations which may be considered numerically or intrinsically of interest :-

Removal of benign growths,

malignant growths,... tuberculosis glands,

27

""

varicose veins, ...

""

tonsils and adenoids,

""

foreign bodies,

**

calculus in bladder,

calculus in urethra,...

eye-ball,

...

34

...

24

12

...

35

...

3

17

16

12

3

...

2

M' (1) 13

Removal of sequestra,

>

""

35

""

"

spleen, Haemorrhoids,

,, penis,

testicles,

99

>>

"7

39

ovarian cysts, breast,

...

Amputation through the arm,

39

""

""

77

""

27

>>

25

J

>>

...

thigh, leg, elbow joint, ankle joint, wrist joint, of toe,

""

""

รา

finger,

***

::

...

...

Cure of inguinal hernia,

strangulated

"

30

WNNWWW

2

3

7

12

123

...

8

19

...

10

4

1

1

**

33

22

ventral,

femoral,

""

>>

""

"

...

inperforate anus,

hare lip, ,, cleft plate,

varicocele, hydrocele,

""

">

""

...

...

Laparotomy for exploration,

A

A

""

...

***

...

...

septic peritonitis,

wounds of viscera,

tubercular peritonitis,..

""

>"

abscess of liver,...

33

""

""

iliocolostomy,

A

colostomy,

1

3

2

1

1

*

3

11

"5

55

33

""

>>

""

"

""

35

وو

gastrectomy, gastroenterostomy;

cholecystectomy,

choleoenterostomy,

hysterectomy,

salpingectomy,

3

...

1

...

3

intestinal obstruction,..

removal of appendix,... 17 appendix abscess,

Curetting of the uterus,

Circumcision,

Urethrotomy,

Nephrectomy,

Tracheotomy,.

...

...

3

13

...

...

37

...

19

1

2

2

...

2 H

2

Perincorrhaphy,

Cystotomy,

Trephining the mastoid antrum,

Cystoscopy,

for fractures of skull.

...

...

Sigmoidoscopy, Oesophagoscopy,

...

со со кон

4

- M (1) 14

The Police Force :-The total number of admittances to hospital was 1889 (1431 in 1923).

The average total of men employed in the Police Force was 1766 divided as follows:-

Europeans,

Indians,

Cantonese,

Wei-hai-wei contingent,

::.

:

:

:

:

235

504

752

275

...

The Wei-hai-wei force from the point of health cannot be considered successful.

Their malaria returns are most unhappy as no less than 591 admissions were made from a force of 275 men. 143 patients were admitted on one occasion but 107 of the contingent were admitted on several occasions and accounted for 448 cases.

The readmissions were as follows:-

2 occasions.

35 on 17 3

""

20 ""

9

11

6

3

4

""

""

""

4HO

Co

7

8

9

1 15

1 19

33

""

""

""

"

""

It thus appears that 250 out of 275 suffered from malaria. In the autumn the numbers became so excessive that Kennedy Town Hospital was opened to deal for the most part with the more chronic cases. This hospital was under the care of Dr. Clift. Their general health is not satisfactory as compared with Cantonese Police, but is slightly better than that of the Indians as is shewn in the following table :-

Hospital Admission.

Strength of Police.

Percentage.

Indian,

412

504

81.7

Cantonese,

265

752

35.2

Wei-hai-wei,.

217

275

78.9.

European,

Indian,

Cantonese,

Wei-hai-wei,

- M (1) 15

The incidence of malaria and other diseases was as follows:-

Malaria. Other diseases.

1924. 1923. 1924. 1923.

The malarial incidence is shewn below according to nationality and month of the year.

January.

February.

March.

April.

May.

June.

July.

August.

32 31 217 196 105 136 412 515

50) 591

265

177

217

}

376

European

M

5

1

2

0 5

8

-+

61

32

Indian

7

تان

3

9

4

6

8 12

CO

6

23

11

II

5 105

Cantonese

Wei-hai-wei

3 3

3

2

3

61

00

8

£

6

55

50

40 28 20 19

35 67 66 99 109 30 33

45 1591

A similar table is given which deals with all other diseases excluding malaria. No special remark is necessary as the police apart from malaria suffer from the ordinary diseases and differ not at all from the general body of patients.

January.

February.

March.

April,

May.

June.

July,

August.

European

Indians

Cantonese

Wei-bai-wei

36

22 S 7 15

11

22 12 22 30 18 14 217

48 37 45 33 46

18 18 17

19 11 18

24 35

34

29

34

24

23 412

16 36 28 31

11

29 26

20 15 265

7 28

12 16

33

30

18 12.

13

217

The following deaths occurred :-

Number

European......

one

Indians

three

Chinese

five

Causes

Multiple injuries.

1 permicious anaemia. 2 pneumonia.

f 1 malaria, 1 black water fever, 1 typhoid fever, 1 aortic aneurysm and 1 chronic nephritis.

September.

October.

November.

December.

Total.

September.

October.

November.

December.

Total.

M (1) 16

The following invalidings took place:—

European

Indian....

Chinese

19

6

The University Clinics :-Surgical: This was under the care of Prof. K. H. Digby and attended to 624 patients in the wards.

Medical:-This was under the care of Prof. J. Anderson and 583 patients were admitted to it.

Enteric Epidemic:-87 cases were treated as compared with 72 in 1923.

The following table shows the monthly incidence and the admissions for each month.

European Indian..... Chinese Japanese...

Total...

-220

ONNO

0130

3122

0

1231

244+0

NNOO

0321

Oano

2330

4541

14

5 7 10 24 8

2 lå

27

0 40

+

87

The figures suggest that the Typhoid scare of 1924 was caused rather by a somewhat larger proportion of European contracting the disease than on account of any great general increse of it.

Maternity Department :-The admittances and certain other information is shown in the appended table.

Admissions...

Free patients,

Male Births,

Female Births, ... Still Births,

...

1924.

...789

...187

1923.

787

235

...312 { of twins

3 pairs } 340

...337 ( do. ) 292

43

Abortions-spurious labour pains &c.103 European patients,

Japanese,

...

Indian,

Chinese,

...

...

...

42

85

...

73

96

18

27

A

38

33

...660

631

Deaths (infantile)

Deaths (maternal)..

11

9

་-

4

9

- M (1) 17-

The maternal deaths were due to :-

Nephritis,...

...

Beri-beri,...

...

...

The infant's deaths were due to :--

Prematurity...

Atelectasis,

...

::

::

1

7

The Lunatic Asylum :-The Medical Officers of the Civil Hospital also were in charge of the Asylum:-Some comparative

statistics may be of interest :-

1924

1923 1922

Admissions

367

309

235

Brought in by Police...

144

165

117

Sent to John G. Kerr

Hospital, Canton ... 183

131

84

Seven deaths occured which were due respectively to syphilis, meningitis, peritonitis, dysentery uraemia, phthisis, and pneumonia.

Table I.

Nationality and Sex of Patients treated in 1924.

Nationality.

Remain- ing at end of 1923.

Admit-

ted.

Total number treated.

Dis- charged.

Died.

Remain- ing at end of 1924.

British Canadian Indians Eurasian

German Italian Swedish

Portuguese.. Dutch...... Russian Chinese Japanese

Total

-☺☺☺☺☺ONO-HO

00-2000400∞O

1000000000-0

HO0000-00OMO

M. F. Μ MF. M. F. M. F. M. F. M. F.

OOOOOON

22

200

22 2

21

1

NOOOOOONO

10 10 - 12/

200 103 211 104 200 102

0

1

1

0

}

15 4 243 105 258 109 238 102)

10

5

2 15

M (1) 18-

Table II.

Return of Diseases and Deaths in 1924.

Remaining in

Discharged.

Diseases.

Hospital at end of 1923.

Admitted during 1924.

Total

cases

treated. Apparent-

ly cured.

Re- lieved.

Το Canton Mental Hospital.

Remaining in Hospital

Died. at end of

1924.

Errors of Development:-

Idiocy

Imbecility {

Congenital

Epileptic...

Feeblemindedness

Disorders of Function:-

Acute

Mania Intermittent

Chronie...

Associated with :-

Hysteria

Puerperal

Epilepsy

Old age

1

6

CO

Melan-

cholia

Stuporous

Acute

Intermittent

Chronic

Hypochondriacal

Associated with :-

Climateric

Old age

Chronic disease

Maniacal depressive In-

sanity :-

Alternating insanity

::

9 3

12

9

1432

3311

33

15

16

14

14

1

1

5

5

1

28

00

8

1

:~

2

7

H CO

22

202

10

21

2

2

5

1

3

1

1

6

1

3

1

10

5

་་་

2

...

3

1

3

:..

2

1

1

1

...

:

:

:

1

Stupor :-

Anergic

Delusional

Delusional Insanity :-

Acute

2

1

1

1

::

:

Chronic

7

7

3

2

2

11

13

8

2

Carried forward......

12

153

165

17

45

92

11

·M (1) 19 -

Table II.-Continued.

Return of Diseases and Deaths in 1924.

11

Diseases.

Remaining in Hospital at end of

Discharged.

Admitted Total

Remaining

in

during 1924.

cases

Το

treated.

Apparent- ly cured.lieved.

Re-

Hospital

1923.

Canton Mental Hospital.

Died. at end of

1924.

...

12

153

165

17

45

92

Brought forward

Psychasthenia

Obsessional insanity

Insanity of Infective, Toxic and other general conditions:- Acute delirium asso-

ciated with:-

typhoid

2

2

:

:

ลง

B. dysentry.

beri-beri

malaria

NJ Food N

1

1

1

1

2

2

1

acute delirious

mania

2

2

Insanity associated with

acute infective di- sease :- - febrile

Confusional Insanity

-

:

Exhaustion psychosis...

:

Syphilitic Insanity :-

General Paralysis

2

Tabo Paresis

Dementia from local

Cerebral Syphilis

1

N

1

1

NN∞

10

2

2

3

.:.

:

:

:

1

::

622

:

2

1

1

:

:

:

3

I

Insanity due to Alcohol:-

Acute

22

Chronic

24

22

21

2

2

...

Delirium Tremens

4

3

Insanity due to opium ..

1

3

3

3

...

Dementia praecox

I

14

16

11

""

Primary

23

24

13

"

Secondary

32

33

22

2

4

Senile

6

6

5

""

from Epilepsy

3

3

2

Observation.....

59

59

32

27

Totals

19

348

367

76

81

183

7

20

23

Total for 1923...9 (1922)

300

309

82

74

131

3

19

M (1) 20

The Victoria Hospital for Women and Children.-300 admittted as compared with 299 in the previous year.

Nine deaths occurred :-

Acute Nephritis

Septicaemia (after small-pox)...

Marasmus...

Enteric Fever

Enteritis,

...

...1

...2

...1

...

...1

...1

...1

...1

...1

Intussuscention

Bacillary Dysentery

General Tuberculosis

Malaria -Accounted for 31 admission as compared with 44 in previous twelve months. The cases were nearly all benign tertian infection and were not such severe cases as were admitted in the previous year.

Diphtheria.-Twelve cases admitted. Some of a severe type. One case (Laryngeal) required operation (tracheotomy) to save the child's life.

Dysentery.-Fourteen cases-Mostly Amoebic. There were two severe of Bacilary Dysentery, one of which died.

Enteric and Paratyphoid.-During the outbreak which occurred last summer in the Colony fourteen cases were admitted, all of a very severe type (one case admitted on 17th day of disease died). Relapses occurred in almost all the cases.

The New Maternity block has been used during the whole period while the alteration are being carried out in the main build- ing. The difficulty of treating and trying to isolate infectious cases in a General hospital has been keenly felt.

The Kennedy Town Small-pox Hospital.-24 cases of small pox were admitted during the year and of these 7 died. Also 3 cases of chicken-pox. 7 cases were admitted for

observation.

The nationalities of the patients were as follows-British 11, American 3, Portugese 2, Norwegian 1, Indian 6, Chinese 2, Japanese 6, Filipino 2, Singalese 1. From September 23rd to November 15th, there being no small-pox in the Colony at the time, the hospital was opened to accommodate Wei-hai-wei Policemen suffering from malaria, 92 such were admitted. reason for this was that owing to overcrowding at the Government Civil Hospital these men could not be kept in that institution for a sufficient length of time to ensure adequate treatment.

The

M (1) 21

VICTORIA GAOL HOSPITAL.

Dr. Paterson was in charge until June 22nd when he was replaced by Dr. W. L. Clift.

The number of prisoners admitted to the gaol was considerably increased being 7,382 as against 5,051 in 1923.

There were 7,063 males, 218 females and 101 juveniles.

The number of prisoners who on admission were considered to be physically unfit for hard labour was 1,920 roughly 26 %. 530 were suffering from scabies.

28 prisoners were admitted to the hospital on entry.

402 prisoners were admitted to the hospital during the

year.

There were 7 deaths in the prison hospital of which 3 were the result of Pulmonary tuberculosis, 2 acute peritonitis, 1 of valvular heart disease, and 1 typhoid fever.

Four other prisoners died after transfer to the Goverment Civil Hospital.

The sentences of six prisoners were remitted on medical grounds which were as follows:-

Phthisis...

Beri-beri

Insanity...

Aneurysm

Leprosy...

...

...

...

2.

1.

1.

...

1.

1.

Lai Chi Kok (Branch Prison).—192 prisoners remained from 1923 and 1691 were admitted making a total of 1883 (1296 in 1923) and of these 262 remained at the end of 1924.

The daily average number of prisoners was 229.

The admissions to hospital numbered 240, the principal diseases being malaria 58, diseases of the Digestive System 54, and Dysentery 21. There were no deaths.

67 prisoners were transferred for treatment to Victoria Gaol, the majority being cases of scabies or venereal diseases.

Quinine parades were held three times a week from June to December, 10 grains of Quinine in solutions being administered to each member of the Staff and to each prisoner with satisfactory results. When the training of the Nullah below the prison is completed Quinine parades should no longer be necessary.

M (1) 22 -

The Dispensary, Tai Po Market.- Dr. Luk Chuen Hsuen is in charge of this Dispensary.

2728 cases were treated as compared with 2577 last year.

The Dispensary has recently been moved to larger and more suitable premises situated on the main road.

VI. KOWLOON AND THE NEW TERRITORIES.

Government Dispensary, Kowloon.-The attendances during 1924, amounted to 32,503 as compared with 31,765 in 1923.

The total for the latter year included 6,871 vaccinations as against 571 this year. Including vaccinations from both figures, the totals would be 31,932 and 24,894 respectively, showing an increase of 7038 for this year.

1

The total cases treated were made up as follows :-

1924

1923

New cases.

14,512

10,609

Old cases

5,100

-3,949

Vaccinations..

571

6,871

Dressings

12,320

10,336

32,503

31,765

2,410 Government Servants attended for treatment as

follows:

Kowloon Canton Railway.

Police

Others

::

1924

1923

840

464

...

951

772

619

289

2,410

1,525

Nationalities were represented as follows:--

Europeans

Chinese

Indians

Others

:

2,382

27,486

...

...

1,632

1,003

32,503

The Police:The various Stations in Kowloon and the New

Territories were regularly visited.

M (1) 23 -

There was a considerable increase of Malaria during the first nine months of the year as compared with former years but during the last three months there was a marked decrease, as compared with last year. The increase was due to recurrent attacks amongst the D. Division and the reduction was brought about by keeping the men longer in hospital to insure a through course of quinine as it was found difficult to get the men to take it in sufficient doses to prevent a recurrence, after they had returned to duty.

A Table is attached showing the seasonal influence of Malaria and the Stations most affected.

It will be seen that Tak Ku Ling and Sha Tau Kok suffered most.

Kowloon Canton Railway:-During the year, 840 employees were treated at the Government Dispensary, compared with 464 last year.

This increase is, I believe, due rather to greater confidence in Western treatment than to any increase of sickness among the Chinese employees.

The usual annual examination of the eyesight of men employed in the Traffic Department, was carried out.

There was no cases of defective vision or colour blindness. Three fatal accidents occurred during the year, one due to attempt- ing to board a train in motion, and the others from falling or jumping from the train. The Railway Brigade of St. John's ambulance Association, under the direction of Mr. Winyard has proved itself most efficient. There are now 29 members, all recruited from the Traffic Department.

A First Aid Box is kept at each Station and also one on each train so that expert attendance and suitable dressing are available in cases of accident.

The Bok Oi Hospital, Un Long.-The Dresser in charge treated 1235 cases as compared with 2,195 last year.

The Kwong Wah Hospital.--The visting Medical Officers were Dr. W. B. A. Moore and Mrs. A. D. Hickling, M.B.E. The Chinese Medical Officers were K. W. Ip. M.B., B.S. and H. K. Li M.B., B.S.

M (1) 24

An epitome of the statistics is given here and a list of the diseases treated is summarised in the appendix:--

1923.

1924.

Cases remaining at the end of last year...

218

228

Admissions....

... 6141

6460

Number of males

3704

4657

Number of females

....

2437

1803

Total number treated

6359

6688

Deaths

1594

1716

Remaining at the end of the year

228

167

Percentage under Chinese treatment

39%

27%

Western

61%

72.1%

"

""

Deaths (Chinese treatment), (172 Moribund) ..

655

658

(Western

), (400

).. 939

1058

Bodies brought to Hospital Mortuary..

501

510

""

sent to Public Mortuary

312

235

Free burials

Number of out patients,

Under Chinese treatment....

"

Western

Confinements...

2561

3023

.68179

79891

..64.2%

60.4%

""

...35.8%

39.6%

1076

1160

Casualty cases

602

601

Operations under general anaesthesia.

192

240

:

-

Table showing season incidence of Malaria at Police Station in Kowloon and New Territories.

Establishment

1924

Name

of

Stations

January

February

March

Water Police

42

13

242 297

12

Mongkok

3

...

23

26

Yaumati

13

20

40

73

2:4

5

2

3

Sham Shui Po ..

ة

13

13

31

Hunghom

10

20

34

1

Kowloon City..

14

14

29

Tsun Wan

10

11

2

4

Tai O

8

11

21

Tai Po..

22

23

8

2

Sheung Shui &

Tu Ku Ling

16

17

27

19

Sha Tin

9

10

Sha Tau Kok.

1

15

16

40

7

Lok Ma Chau....

3

21

24

...

Au Tau

1

14

15

6

Ping Shan

1

14

15

Castle Peak.

11

Cheung Chau

8

11

Sai Kung.

1

10

11

11

5

Total

82

86

507

675

113

52

Slaai vieni ai -; wi

A-wai

3

3

10

1

11

1

9

5

1121~

16

*42-2 ::=

1

0: 1090

4

20

10

-* 2:2 27H

5

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Total

10

1

8

10

3

8

1

83

10

34

16

21

22

35

6

17

28

11

35

1

3

6

2

8

11

10

10

15

8

6

6

5

10

1

...

:

4

I

3

2

4

∞*~ :*:*:*

** :: B©000 :=

2

3

1

9

18

Z-a mi co

3

4

...

6 116

1

10

86

39

19

16

31

2

6

14

9

5

32

36

3853

76

120

117 204

159

9603773~:~

13

226

I

11

187

1

22

- M (1) 25

1སྶཨྰཿ:མྦྷ⌘ ཙཎྜསི

65

10

16

92

6

5

50

2

1

5

2

48

70

69

1,121

- M (1) 26

The Public Mortuary, Kowloon :-

Male bodies examined.

Females bodies examined

Bodies of unknown sex

..1,654

944

19

2,617

The nationalities respresented were:-

Europeans

4

Indians....

Portuguese

Chinese

Japanese

Philipino

6

6

2,579

2

1

2,598

99

">

""

""

""

Epitome of causes of death.

Diseases caused by infection....

"

of the nervous system..

circulatory system respiratory system digestive system

Disorders of untrition

1924

1923

767

542

5

5

23

16

...

716

746

402

282

113

91

Diseases of the female organs

150

121

""

Urinary organs

25

16

General injuries.

62

54

Local injuries.....

349

352

2,617

2,225

Source of the bodies:-

From the harbour

From land

290

2,327

2,617

37,583 rats were examined none being found to be infected with plague.

VII.-REPORT ON TUNG WAH HOSPITAL, VICTORIA.

No change has been made in the staff, buildings or routine of the work.

The visiting Medical Officer was Dr. C. W. McKenny. The resident staff were G. H. Thomas, M.D., B.S., Fok Wing Tai, M.B., B.S., and Chiu Chu San, M.B., B.S., in addition Dr. Alice Hickling visited for part of the year and supervised in particular the maternity side of the hospital.

K

M (1) 27 -

The building and equipment were well maintained but no new works were instituted during the period under review.

The attached figures give a brief comparative statement of the work done

:

www

Patients remaining in hospital from 1923

Admissions,

...

...

...

Total Number of in-patients treated

Deaths

...

...

Remaining in hospital at end of 1924... Under native treatment

Under western treatment

Males,

...

Females...

1924

1923

521

...

336

9,419

10,142

9,940

10,478

2,195

2,141

...

420

521

*

4,548

4,823

5,392

5,655

6,685

7,415

2,734

2,727

...

1,602

1,646

663

923

149,596

124,120

48,140

42,302

>>

}

...

3,184

4,436

923

8,828

1,071

1,091

366

...

357

187

113

5,564

5,580

945

...

1,009

Bodies brought to Hospital Mortuary. Bodies sent to the Public Mortuary, Out-patient visits-(native treatment) Out-patient visits-(Western treatment) Out-patient visits-(Eye

Vaccinations

Confinements...

Operations, general

Operations, eye

Free Burials ...

Destitutes sheltered

The reduction in patients treated (538) is to a large extend accounted for by the fact that the hospital authorities very wisely determined to refuse admission to patients who were suffering much more from destitution and general debility than any recognized disease but decided that the cause of charity was more benefitted by sending such patients to their homes at the expenses of the hospital rather than by crowding wards already filled by really sick persons.

INFECTIOUS DISEASES.

1924 1923 1922 1921 1920

Chicken pox

1 3 2

0

0

Diphtheria

5

12 8

9

6

...

...

Enteric Group...

43

36

48

15

7

Measles

8

13

19

13

13

Mumps

3

2

0

1

0

Plagues

0

17

464

80

72

Cerebro-spinal Meningitis 30

24

22

74

61

M (1) 28

A reference to this table may be of considerable interest as an indication of the actual prevalance of such diseases or in some cases of the hospital admissions of such diseases--not necessarily synonymous terms :-

In the case of Plague and Cerebro-spinal meningitis I have good reasons for believing that the figures are of real value in estimating the prevalence of those diseases

With diphtheria, measles and mumps there are many indications which would strongly suggest that de- ductions drawn from the figures given would be quite erroneous.

Chicken pox and the Enteric Group are rather doubtful in value but on the whole enquiries from private practitioners and examination of other hospital returns would suggest that the number given are fairly representative.

The total absence of Scarlet fever is undoubtedly accurate and it is fair to assume almost if not quite complete immunity for Cantonese from this malady.

The fact that European patients suffer from Scarlet fever in Hongkong suggest racial rather than regional immunity.

Beri-beri and Tuberculosis.—These two diseases hold unfalter- ingly their evil pre-eminence as the great agents of death and destitution.

Our figures are respectively 848 with 313 deaths and 993 with 386 deaths.

These two diseases represent 18% of our admissions but 31% of our deaths.

Encephalitis lethargica. --3 cases were admitted. These cases had been under treatment in the Civil Hospital and were trans- ferred from the Medical Clinic in that institution.

Remarks on other diseases.

Opium habit.-486 admissions took place with 196 deaths. The average for the previous five years was 166.

The diagnosis of chronic opium poisoning can rarely be exact as opium habit may and is frequently associated with some other disease and consequently the value of statistics is questionable but so great a difference points to an increase even if the difference be less than the figures imply.

M (1) 29

Lead poisoning-Two cases are recorded for the year and in 1923 one case was noted.

In the previous four years no case was admitted.

I am unable to account for this curious absence of poisoning amid circumstance which would ordinarily cause plumbism to appear.

Venereal Diseases.-The result for the past four years are:--

Syphilis.

Gonorrhoea.

1924...

421

58

1923...

...

585

78

1922...

351

61

1921...

...

255

42

It was pointed out last year that there had been a steady increase in Venereal Diseases' admissions but this year's figures do not bear this out. I am unable to give any explanation of it but it would be more than rash to deduce real reduction from the figures. The returns for congenital syphilis is 6 and this is the highest for the past 5 years.

This almost extraordinary figure is curiously enough almost representative.

The various congenital lesions so commonly seen in European hospitals are of rare occurrence in Hongkong hospitals.

Dental and osseous congenital lesions are almost unknown.

Research in this matter might be of considerable importance. It is also generally true that Tabes Dorsalis and General Paralysis of the Insane are rarer in proportion to the number of cases of acquired syphilis than one would expect but vascular lesions involving the central nervous system are of such frequency as would be expected.

Remarks on some of the rarer diseases.-Tetanus 19 cases, of which 18 proved fatal, occurred. The average admissions for the previous 5 years was 11.

Owing to the gravity of the symptoms it is probable that a great majority of persons suffering from tetanus would be brought to hospital and consequently we may assume that this figure is representative of the incidence. If one consider the enormous number of wounds received by natives who walk bare footed it may be concluded that the soil is not highly infected with B. Tetani-possibly due to the small number of horses present.

- M (1) 30

Epilepsy.-Only two cases were admitted and this is about the average number of admissions.

It is noteworthy that epileptic imbeciles are fairly frequently. met with in the Lunatic Asylum but that epileptics with no obvious mental disorder are rare. One feels tempted to connect this with the undoubted absence of acute Rheumatism among the Cantonese although some of the more modern psycho-pathic setiologies would also be applicable.

Appendicitis. (Catarrhal and abscess). 11 cases with 3 deaths are recorded. This is rather more than the average number of cases admitted but is a surprisingly small number when compared with the returns of a hospital of similar size treating only European patients, while admittedly the "popularity" of appendix diagnoses among Europeans tends to swell the number of such cases. I believe research in the Public Mortuary (Hongkong) tends to strenghthen the belief that the chinese appendix is rather less vulnerable than the European. The fact that Chinese diet is quite different from European and (or possible consequently) constipation is rare seem to have a causal relationship.

The Endoorinologist will doubtless suggest thymic differences.

Hernia.-16 admissions were noted. Again it must appear that there is a racial reason for this small number and as it is generally admitted that the vast majority of herniae are due to congenital defects we are forced to conclude that these defects do not take place among the Chinese (or at least the Cantonese) in the same proportion as is met with among Europeans.

The Eye Department.-Dr. Harston was in charge during the year and 3,184 patients attended and 187 operations were performed.

The Maternity Department.-This year was again quite successful 1,071 cases being treated as against 1,091 in 1923.

Operations performed.—366 operations were performed under general anaesthesia.

The University Medical Clinic was in the care of Dr. C. W. McKenny. No particular variation was made from the methods of teaching in use in former years.

The Branch of the Tung Wa Hospital which is situated at Kennedy Town and is used as a hospital for small-pox cases received 147 patients suffering from this disease and 76 of these died. 1 patient remained at the end of the year.

The Board of Directors have most fittingly up-held those high traditions which are now so intimately associated with the gentlemen who are honoured by becoming members of it.

1924.

VIII.

- M (1) 31 -

THE CHINESE MIDWIVES..

Seven midwives were employed as in previous years, and six pupils were being trained in midwifery at the expense of Government.

Number of Confinements attended by Government Midwives at the different stations in 1924.

Shaukiwan.

Yaumati.

Tai Po

Yun Long.

Tsun Wan.

Cheung Chau.

January

25

24

February

36

17

March

27

20

424

19

84

15

79

71

April

21

14

46

May Juue

18

22

22

17

July...

38

23

August

23

17

September

25.

19

October

30

22

10

wowi waa:

62

60

86

17

68

17

73

13

87

November

39

17

1

11

70

December

29

24 13

15

83

Total

333

236 67

59

33

141

869

The Matilda Hospital.

The number of patients remaining at the end of 1923 was The number admitted during 1924 was...

The number of deaths was

The Ho Miu Ling Hospital.

...

The number of patients at the end of 1923 was The number of patients admitted during 1924 was

The number of deaths was

...

The Nethersole Hospital.

17

246

5

32

495

27

37

616

37

>

The number of patients remaining at the end of 1923 was The number of patients admitted during 1924 was The number of deaths was

The Alice Memorial Hospital.

The number of patients remaining at the end of 1923 was The number of patients admitted during 1924 was The number of deaths was

11

513

...

2

J. B. ADDISON,

Principal Civil Medical Officer.

Total.

A Statement showing the number of cases of Syphilis and Gonorrhoea reported from certain Hospitals

and Institutions during the last ten years :-

Civil

Hospital.

Gaol Kowloon Hospital. Dispensary.

Tung Wa

Hospital.

Victoria

Mortuary.

Kowloon

Mortuary.

Total.

M (1) 32-

1915. Syphilis.

78

Gonorrhoea.

53

1916. Syphilis.

105

Gonorrhoea.

46

1917. Syphilis.

133

3

Gonorrhoea.

56

1918. Syphilis.

89

6

4221 ∞ ∞ ∞

290

104

234

6

716

230

36

222

139

296

284

21

Fal

421

769

352

190

117

251

N

696

353

38

449

252

108

357

4

816

Gonorrhoea.

66

202

48

316

1919. Syphilis.

125

216

74

119

LO

5

547

Gonorrhoea.

125

1920. Syphilis.

148

Gonorrhoea.

184

1921. Syphilis.

181

Gonorrhoea. 140

121

19*2*

260

18

403

10

205

161

317

9

850

249

29

464

53

221

249

152

14

718

160

42

463

1922.

Syphilis.

182

7

264

351

54

29

887

Gonorrhoea.

140

9

215

61

1923.

Syphilis.

183

6

353

587

65

Gonorrhoea. 133

96

72

1924.

Syphilis.

171

1

517

472

99

Gonorrhoea.

125

5

138

58

19121

425

70

1264

303

113

1328

326

M (1) 33

www.

BACTERIOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.

REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1924.

BY E. P. MINETT, M.D), D.P.H., D.T.M. & H., L.R.C.P., M.R.C.S. GOVERNMENT BACTERIOLOGIST.

1.-PREPARATION OF CALF LYMPH.

The preparation of fresh calf lymph has been maintained during the cooler months of the year.

The number of calves used for vaccination was 81. The number of tubes of lymph issued during the year was 19,922.

was

The quantity of lymph in stock on December 31st. 5,206 c.c. calculated to be sufficient for the vaccination of 156,180 persons.

The value of lymph issued as per Government Notification No. 380 of 1910, was $6,489.50

The above figures show a considerable falling off compared with the figures for 1923 owing to the absence of any epidemic of small-pox.

The average yield of crude lymph per calf was 20 grams after preparation this represents 100 grams of glycerinated lymph per calf.

2.-PREPARATION OF ANTI MENINGOCOCCUS SERUM.

During the year 2,840 c.c. were issued, the present amount of serum in stock and ready for issue is 110 litres.

Frequent control tests were carried out to test the sterility and agglutinating power of the serum.

3.—PREPARATION OF CONTAGIOUS ABORTION VACCINE.

Three new strains imported from the United Kingdom and two new strains isolated locally were added to the vaccine at present being supplied regularly to the Dairy Farm.

last

The amount of vaccine issued was approximately the same as year.

4-MILK ANALYSES.

The number of samples of milk examined for the presence of B. Tuberculosis was 29 all being negative.

M (1) 34

A Bacteriological Analysis is now carried out weekly on samples of the milk supplied by the Dairy Farm to estimate its B. Coli Content..

5.--ANTI RABIC WORK.

The strains of fixed virus have been maintained during the the year by regular passage through rabbits, and a sufficient supply of material is alway kept is stock to treat twenty-four persons at any one time.

The number of patients treated was 55 as against 26 patients treated in 1923.

Twenty five dogs' brains were examined for the presence of rabies, seven of these were positive, a slight increase over last year when of sixteen brains examined, five showed the presence of negri bodies.

6.-CLINICAL EXAMINATIONS.

The number of examinations of various materials for. diagnostic purposes carried out during the year was 7,438. The materials dealt with are given in detail in table I attached.

These examinations are carried out on specimen sent to the Institute from the various Government Institutions and also from private medical practitioners.

7.-RIDEAL WALKER TEST FOR DISINFECTANTS.

Three examinations were made during the year on disinfect- ants supplied by Government Contractors.

8.-ANTI PLAGUE WORK.

A naked eye inspection is made daily of all rats sent to the Mortuary, 89,822 rats were inspected at the Victoria Mortuary during the year under review.

The number of microscopic examination made was 3618.

No cases of plague infected rats were detected during the year.

9.-BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF WATER SAMPLES.

The number of samples examined was 469, of these 460 were from water supplies in the Colony and nine were received from places abroad.

M (1) 35-

The water supplied from the eleven filter beds in the Colony was examined regularly.

The results are given in tables II to XII, the standard aimed at being of the same hygienic value as last year.

10.-STOCK VACCINES,

The following doses of stock vaccines have been issued :-

T. A. B. (Antityphoid) vaccine

Anti Cholera vaccine

Anti Plague vaccine

.869 doses

545

""

390

"

Pelyvalent Anti Meningococcus vaccine 390

11.--AUTEGENOUS VACCINES.

"

The use of these vaccines continues to increase in popularity with the members of the profession.

Number of doses issued to Government Hospitals was 400. Number prepared for private medical practitioners was 300.

12.-POST-MORTEM EXAMINATIONS AT THE VICTORIA MORTUARY. These are shown in detail as a separate report, see Appendix O attached.

The total number post mortem examination made during the year was 4.022.

13.-MEDICO LEGAL WORK.

Special autopsies were made for medico legal purposes and the necessary evidence given in 72 cases.

The number of articles specially examined and reported upon for blood, spermatozea &c. was 48.

The necessary expert medical evidence required in the Supreme Court, Magistrate's and Coroner's Courts was given by the Government Bacteriologist.

Table I.

M (1) 36

Special Total Total

Nature of Examination.

Jan.

Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Investi-

for

gations. 1924.

for

1923.

Cultivation Blood for Widal.

Faeces

for

for

""

With B. Typhosus, B. Paratyphosus A.,...

26

32 26 19 28

24

26 32 26 19

28

24

85

97

B....

26 32 26

19

28

24

85

97

19

""

assermann reaction,

29

19 39

65

35

43

44

31

Malaria Parasites, Filaria,

64

25

19

28

44

55

104

...

Blood counts, etc., Bacillus Diphtheriæ,

1

1

1

2

36

23

12

20

36

20

30

Meningococcus,

4

3

9

6

11

5

1

:AN: 20999

85 97 56 57 35

56

57

56

57

48

ོགྲལ་

32

35 32

35

32

37

49

57

ΤΟ

73

64

68

36

1

NNNNG:

517

486

517

486

517 486

496 390

650|1,033

3

3

2

1

5

17

57

16 14 12

34

52

305

257

1

3

45

31

Typhosus, Paratyphosus,

Cholera, etc.,

1

1

...

Helminth ova,•*

11

12

11

18

18

20

15

26

Amæbæ of Dysentery,

22

24

17

18

18

17

11

18

200

~

2

11

42

26

20

8

22

23

20

220

191

2

9

168

159

Tissues for Section,

2

3

5

4

I

2

1

19

96

Examination of

Sputa,

25

16

21

20

34

24

21

31

21

41

20

291

345

Pus,

2

1

1

2

1

8

43

Urine,

11

4

4

2

4

7

2

6

7

11

5

1

64

113

Rat Smears for B. Pestis,..

300

272

310

310

296 289

296

310

310

310

284

331

3,618

2,643

Animals for Rabies,

2

3

4.

2

3

10

25

16

Materials for medico legal

purposes,

Weil Felix Reaction for Typhus

fever,

Bacteriological Analyses of

00

~

లు

14

4

10 1

-J

7

48

18

:

...

1

1

Water,

36

36

36 37

36

Bacteriological Examination of

Milk,

:

:

:

1

:

46

36

40

51

58

57

:

...

Autogeneous vaccines prepared,.

Miscellaneous,.

2

1

1

13

4

28

32235

27

28

882

~ CON

2

2

5

3

5

5

3

7

6

20

29 27 49

28

26

:

:

:

:::

3

2

469

336

29

15

41

48

297 252

Total,

635

542

587

610

660

594

861

879

774 760

731 746

8,378 7,548

"

M (1) 37 -

Table II.

The Examination (post-mortem) of Rats.

Month.

Total. Male. Female.

Plague Preg- infected. nant.

Newly born and

not classified.

:

:..

:

:.

4.

:

:

January.

5,589 | 2,667 2,743

February

5,066 2,431 2,420

March

7,625 3,196 4,149

April

7,123 3,350 3,469

May..

June

July...

7,616 | 3,641 3,594

7,609 3,547 3,636

8,113 3,748 3,919

August.

7,954 3,684 3,841

September.

7,678 3,636 3,637

October

8,586 4,047 4,166

November

8,440 3,965 4,074

December

8,423| 4,056

4,024

Total...... |89,822 41,968| 43,672

427

179

355

215

440

280

515

304

343

381

402

426

467

446

380

429

418

405

440

373

370

401

362

343

:

:.

4,919 4,182

M (1) 38

Table II.

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF BOWEN ROAD WATER SAMPLES.

Date.

Description of sample.

Pollution Index as C.C.

Remarks.

do.

do.

do.

9-4-24.

do.

do.

do.

7-5-24.

Unfiltered water

Filtered do.

Institute

Tap water, Wan Chai

Police Station......

22-1-24.

do.

do.

Tap water, Seamen's

do.

13-2-24.

do.

do.

do.

do.

17-3-24.

Unfiltered water

Filtered

Tap water, Seamen's

Institute

Tap water, Wan Chai

Police Station....

Unfiltered water

Filtered

do.

Street fountain, Wing

Fung Street

Tap, Seamen's Institute.. Unfiltered water

Filtered

do.

Tap water, No. 2 Police

Station

Tap water, Seamen's

Institute

Unfiltered water

+

2.5

Raw water.

+ 2.5

Below standard.

+ 3.3

Do.

1++

I

1+1

50

Excellent.

+ 1.3

Raw water,

10

Below standard.

50

Excellent.

50

Do.

1.3

Raw water.

50

Excellent.

50

50

++

50

50

Do.

Do.

Raw water.

Up to standard,

Excellent.

Do.

+

3

Raw water.

do.

Filtered

do.

+ 12.3

Up to standard.

do.

Street fountain, Wing

Fung Street

50

Very good.

do.

Tap water, Seamen's

Institute

50

Excellent.

9-7-24.

Unfiltered water No. 3

Bed

+ 0.6

do.

Filtered water No. 3 Bed

99

Raw water.

50

Excellent.

do.

Street fountain, Wing

Fung Street

do.

Tap, Seamen's Institute

+ 0.6 + 0.6

13-8-24.

Unfiltered water No. 1

Bed

do.

Filtered water No. 1 Bed

++

Unsatisfactory.

Do.

1 Raw water.

8 Below standard.

do.

Tap, Dispensary, Military

Hospital....

+

17

Up to standard.

do.

Tap, Kitchen Wing Fung

Street W.

50

do.

Tap, Seamen's Institute

50

Excellent.

Do.

!

M (1) 39

Table II.-Continued,

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF BOWEN ROAD WATER SAMPLES.

Date.

Description of samples.

Pollution Index as

C.C.

Remarks.

3-9-24.

Filtered water No. 2 Bed

before Chlorination

+ 1.1

Unsatisfactory.

do.

Tap in pantry, Kyeem-

do.

Tap Kitchen Seamen's

1-10-24.

do.

Filtered

do.

do.

do

ville N.Y.K. Mess, Bowen Road

Institute

Unfiltered water

+

10

Below standard.

++!

50

12

Excellent. Raw water. Unsatisfactory.

I

5-11-24.

do.

do.

do.

3-12-24.

do.

do.

do.

Magazine Gap Road

Reservoir...

Tap, Seamen's Institute Unfiltered water No. 1

Bed

Filtered water No. 1 Bed Tap, No. 15 Bowen Road Tap, Seamen's Institute Unfiltered water

Filtered

do.

Street fountain, Wing

Fung Street

Tap, Seamen's Institute

++ ! | | +

1 1

50

Excellent.

50

Do.

1.1

Raw water.

50

Excellent.

50

Do.

50

Do.

1.2

Raw water.

7

Below standard.

50

Excellent.

50

Do.

M (1) 40

Table III.

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF LAI CHI KOK WATER SAMPLES.

Date.

Pollution

Description of samples.

Index as

Remarks.

C.C.

15-1-24.

do.

Unfiltered water

do.

do.

do.

18-2-24,

do.

Filtered

Tap water, Servant

Quarters

Tap, Servant's Quarter

Standard Oil Co. Unfiltered water Filtered do.

++

1

Raw water.

+

+++

N

Below Standard,

Do.

5

Do.

1.2

Raw water.

4

Unsatisfactory.

"do.

Tap, Servants' Quarters,

do.

10-3-24.

do.

do.

do.

14-4-24.

do.

water works

Standard Oil Co.

Unfiltered water

Filtered do.

Tap, Servants' Quarters,

filter beds.

Tap, Coolies' Quarters,

Standard Oil Co.

Unfiltered water Filtered do.

50

Excellent.

Tap, Servants' Quarters,

50

Do.

++

+ 1.4

Raw water.

16

Above standard

T

50

Excellent.

++1

50

1

2

do.

Tap, Servants' Quarters,

do.

12-5-24.

do.

water works

Tap, Coolies' Quarters

Standard Oil Co.

Unfiltered water

Filtered

I

50

Do. Raw water. Unsatisfactory.

Excellent.

do.

do.

Tap, Coolies' Quarters,

filter bed

do.

18-7-24.

do.

do.

do.

20-8-24.

Tap, Coolies' Quarters,

Standard Oil Co.

Unfiltered water

Filtered

Tap, Servants' Quarters. Tap, Dairy Farm Co.

Unfiltered water

do.

++ 1

T

++1

50

Do.

+ 1.12

Raw water.

7

Below standard.

50

Excellent.

50

I

1

1

Do. Raw water. Unsatisfactory.

Do.

++

1

Do.

do.

Filtered do,

50

Raw water.

Excellent.

do.

Tap, Servants' Quarters.

50

Do.

do.

Tap, Standard Oil Co.

50

Do.

M (1) 41

Lable III.--Continued.

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF LAI CHI KOK WATER SAMPLES.

Date.

Description of samples.

Pollution Index as C.C.

Remarks.

17-9-24.

Unfiltered water

+

1

Raw water.

do.

Filtered do.

+

10

Not up to standard.

do.

Tap, Coolies' Quarters,

Standard Oil Co.

50

do.

Tap, Kitchen, servants

quarters, filter bed

50

15-10-24.

Unfiltered water

i

do.

Filtered

do.

50

do.

Tap, servants' Quarters.

50

Excelent.

Do.

Excellent.

Do.

Raw water.

do.

Tap, Coolies Quarters,

19-11-24.

do.

do.

do.

17-12-24.

do.

Standard Oil Co.

Unfiltered water

Filtered

Tap, Servants' Quarters. Tap, Coolies' Quarters,

Standard Oil Co.

Unfiltered water

Filtered

30

Do.

I.l

Raw water.

do.

50

Excellent.

50

Do.

do.

1 + +

50

Do.

+ 0.3

Raw water. 50 Very good.

do.

Tap, Kitchen bed servant

quarters

50

Excellent.

do.

Tap, Coolie Quarter,

Standard Oil Co.,

50

Do.

-M (1) 42 --

Table IV.

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF ALBANY WATER SAMPLES.

Date.

Description of sample.

Pollution Index as

Remarks.

C.C.

+ 1.5

Raw water.

50

Excellent.

T

50

Do.

}

+++

1.3 10

839

50

Very good.

Raw water.

Below standard.

50

50

2

16

50

50

1.6

25

Excellent.

Do. Raw water.

Above standard.

Excellent.

Do. Raw water. Good.

50 Excellent.

8 ore 8 800 8 888 8 338

1++

|

| ++

1

50

+ 18

1++

22-1-24.

do.

do.

do.

13-2-24.

Unfiltered water

-Filtered

do.

Tap water, Hongkong

Club

Tap water, 27 Des Vœux

Road Central

Unfiltered water

Filtered

do.

Tap water, Hongkong

Club

Tap water, 27 Des Vœux

Road Central

Unfiltered water

Filtered

do.

Tap water, Hongkong

Club

Tap water, 27 Des Voeux

Road Ceutral

Unfiltered water

Filtered

do.

Tap water, Hongkong

Club

Tap water, On Lok Yuen

Café

do

do.

do.

17-3-24.

do.

do.

do.

9-4-24.

do.

do.

do.

7-5-24.

do.

do.

do.

9-7-24.

do.

do.

Tap water, Hongkong

Club

do.

13-8-24.

do.

do.

Tap, Post Office Build-

ing ground floor

Unfiltered water

Filtered

do.

Tap water, Hongkong

Club....

Tap water, 27 Des Vœux

Road Central Unfiltered water

Filtered do.

Tap water, Post Office

Building, ground floor...

Unfiltered water

Filtered do.

50

Do.

50

Do.

50

Do.

50

Do.

Do.

1

++ 1

Raw water.

50 Very good.

50 Excellent.

50

1

50

50

Do. Raw water. Very good.

Excellent.

M (1) 43

Table IV.-Continued.

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF ALBANY WATER SAMPLES.

Date.

Description of samples.

Pollution Index as C.C.

Remarks.

3-9-24.

Uufiltered water, Grand

Basin

+ 1.1

Raw water.

do.

Filtered water before

Chlorination

+

20

Up to standard.

do.

Tap, Pantry Hongkong

Club

do.

Tap, Post Office

1-10-24.

Unfiltered water

do.

Filtered

do.

│++

50

50

1

5

Excellent.

Do.

Raw water.

Unsatisfactory..

do.

do.

5-11-25.

do.

do.

Tap water, Hongkong

Club....

Tap water, Post Office... Unfiltered water

Filtered

Tap water, Hongkong

Club......

do.

11++

50

Excellent.

50

Do.

1

10

do.

Tap water, Post Office.....

11

50

50

Raw water.

Not up to standard.

Excellent.

Do.

3-12-24.

do.

do.

Unfiltered water

Filtered

Tap water, Hongkong

Club

+ 2.5

Raw water.

do.

50

Excellent.

-

50

do.

Tap water, Post Office...

50

080

Do.

Do.

Date.

M (1) 44

Table V.

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF KOWLOON WATER SAMPLES.

Description of samples.

Pollution Index as

Remarks.

C.C.

15-1-24

do.

do.

do.

18-2-24

do.

du.

do.

10-3-24

do.

do.

do.

14-4-24

do.

do.

do.

12-5-24

do.

Unfiltered water Filtered do.

Tap water, street foun- tain behind 605 Shang- hai Street

Tap water, pumping

station

Unfiltered water

Filtered

do.

Tap water, behind 605 Shanghai Street.... Tap water, Pumping

Station, Yaumati Unfiltered water Filtered

do.

Tap water, street foun- tain near 605 Shanghai Street, Yaumati

Tap water, Pumping

Station, Yaumati

Unfiltered water Filtered do.

Tap water, opp. 535 Shanghai Street... Tap water, Pumping Station, Yaumati Unfiltered water

Filtered

+1

2

50

Raw water. Excellent.

I

8 89 8 809

+++

+-

+.

++1

50

Do.

50

Very good.

Raw water.

10

Below standard.

50

Very good.

50

10

16

Excellent. Raw water.

Above standard.

++1

+

do.

of

+++

50

Very good.

50

Excellent.

1.2

Raw water.

50

Very good.

50

Do.

25

5

Good.

Raw water.

12.5 Up to standard.

do.

Street fountain opposite

625 Shanghai Street...

+

50

Very good.

do.

Tap water, Fumping

Station, Yaumati

18-7-24

Unfiltered water

do.

Filtered do.

+++

50

1

10

do.

Street fountain opposite

625 Shanghai Street...

do.

Tap, Pumping Station...

20-8-24

do.

Unfiltered water

Filtered do.

+++ 1

10

50

16

+ 0.8

Do. Raw water.

Below standard.

Do.

Up to standard.

Raw water. Excellent.

do.

Street fountain in front

of No. 607 Shanghai

Street

do.

Tap, Pumping Station...

88

50

Do.

50

Do.

Date.

M (1) 45

Table V.-Continued.

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF KOWLOON WATER SAMPLES.

Pollution

Description of sample.

Index as

Remarks.

C.C.

17-9-24

Unfiltered water

do.

do.

Filtered do.

Street fountain opposite

607 Shanghai Street

+1

+

영영

1

Raw water.

50

50

do.

Tap, Pumping Station,

Yaumati

50

15-10-24

Unfiltered water

1

do.

Filtered

do.

50

do.

Street fountain opposite

625 Shanghai Street

50

do.

Tap, Pumping Station,

19-11-24

Yaumati

Unfiltered water

+ 1.5

do.

Filtered

do.

양해양

50.

50

do.

Street fountain opposite 657 Shanghai Street

50

Excellent.

Very good.

Do.

Raw water.

Excellent.

Do.

Do.

Raw water. Excellent.

Do.

do.

Tap, Pumping Station...

50

Do.

17-12-24

Unfiltered water

+

11

Raw water.

do.

Filtered do.

50

Excellent.

do.

Street fountain opposite

625 Shanghai Street

do.

Tap, Pumping Station,

Yaumati

1

88

50

Do.

50

Do.

Date.

M (1) 46

Table VI.

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF ELLIOT WATER SAMPLES.

Description of

sample.

Pollution Index as

Remarks.

C.C.

7-1-24.

do.

Unfiltered water

Filtered do.

+1

5

50

Raw water. Excel'ent.

do.

Tap water,

Victoria

Mortuary...

+

25

Good.

do.

11-2-24.

do.

Tap water, Pumping

Station

Unfiltered water

Filtered

do.

│++

50

Excellent.

1.4

Raw water.

+ 16.6

Up to standard.

do.

Tap water, Pumping

Station

do.

Tap water, Victoria

5-3-24.

do.

Mortuary...

Unfiltered water Filtered

do.

++1

1

50

50

do.

Tap water, Pumping

Station

+

50

Excellent.

Do. Raw water. Unsatisfactory.

Very good.

do.

7-4-24.

do.

do.

Tap water, Victoria

Mortuary..

Unfiltered water Filtered do.

Tap water, Pumping

Station

1 + +

50

Excellent.

1

50

Raw water. Very good.

1

do.

Tap water,

Victoria

Mortuary.

50

50 Excellent.

Do.

5-5-24.

Unfiltered water

+ 1.4

Raw water.

do.

Filtered do.

50

Excellent.

do.

Tap water, l'umping

Station

+

50

Very good.

do.

Tap water, Victoria

"

4-7-24.

Mortuary....

Unfiltered water

do.

Filtered

do.

+++

25

Good.

I

+1.6

Raw water.

Unsatisfactory.

do.

Tap water, Pumping

Station

+ 1.6

Do.

do.

Tap water, Vietoria

Mortuary

6-8-24.

Unfiltered water

++

+ 2.2

Do.

1

Raw water.

do.

Filtered

do.

+ 0.5

do.

Tap water, Pumping

Station

50

Unsatisfactory.

Excellent.

do.

Tap water, Victoria

Mortuary...

-

50

Do.

Date.

M (1) 47

Table VI.--Continued,

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF ELLIOT WATER SAMPLES.

Description of samples.

Pollution Index as

Remarks.

C.C.

10-9-24.

do.

do.

do.

8-10-24.

do.

do.

do.

12-11-24.

Unfiltered water Filtered do. Tap water, Pumping

Station

Tap water, Victoria

Mortuary.

Unfiltered water Filtered do.

Tap water, Pumping

Station

Tap water, Victoria

Mortuary...

Unfiltered water

1+

1

50

Raw water. Excellent.

50

Do.

++1

50

Do.

Raw water.

Unsatisfactory.

!

50

Excellent.

50

Do.

+

1

do.

Filtered do.

+ 16.6

do.

Tap water, Pumping

Station

I

50

do.

10-12-24.

Tap water, Victoria

Mortuary....

Unfiltered water

do.

Filtered

do.

++!

50

1

Raw water.

Up to standard.

Excellent.

Do.

Raw water.

50

Very good.

do.

Tap water, Pumping

Station

50

Excellent.

do.

Tap water, Victoria

Mortuary.

50

Do.

- M (1) 48

Table VII.

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF ABERDEEN WATER SAMPLES.

Date.

Description of sample.

Pollution Index as C.C.

Remarks.

7-1-24.

do.

Unfiltered water

Filtered do.

++

2

Raw water.

5

Below standard.

do.

Tap, Aberdeen Police

Station

+

10

Do.

do.

Street fountain, near

11-2-24.

do.

Engine House...

Unfiltered water- Filtered do.

do.

Tap, Aberdeen Police

Station

+

+++

5

1

1.2

Do.

Raw water. Unsatisfactory.

25

Good.

do.

5-3-24.

Street fountain, near

Engine House.

Unfiltered water

do.

Filtered

do.

1++

50

Excellent,

1

Raw water.

+ 3.3

Unsatisfactory.

do.

Tap, Aberdeen Police

Station

+

2

Do.

do.

7.4-24.

do.

do.

do

5-5-24.

Street fountain, near

Engine House...

Unfiltered water Filtered

Tap, Aberdeen Police

Station

Street fountain, near

Engine House...

Unfiltered water

do.

++1

+

2

Do.

1 Raw water.

50

Excellent.

50

Very good.

do.

Filtered

do.

+++

25

Good.

+ 1.4

50

Raw water. Very good.

do.

Tap, Aberdeen Police

Station

+

50

do.

4-7-24.

do.

do.

do.

6-8-24.

do.

Street fountain, near

Engine House..

Unfiltered water Filtered do.

Tap, fountain near Engine House...

Tap, Aberdeen Police

Station.....

Unfiltered water

Filtered

do.

+++

50

1

Do.

Do.

Raw water.

+++

Unsatisfactory.

+ 1.7

Do.

1.6

Do.

1 Raw water.

0.6

Unsatisfactory.

do.

Tap, Aberdeen Police

Station

50

Excellent.

do.

Street fountain, near

Engine House.....

50

Do.

- M (1) 49-

Table VII.-Continued.

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF ABERDEEN WATER SAMPLES.

Date.

Description of sample.

Pollution Index as

Remarks.

C.C.

10-9-24.

do.

do.

do.

8-10-24.

do.

do.

do.

Unfiltered water Filtered do.

Tap, Aberdeen Police

Station......

Street fountain, near

Engine House...

Unfiltered water

Filtered

Tap, Aberdeen Police

Station

Street fountain, near

Engine House....

++

1

Raw water.

+ 3.3

Unsatisfactory.

I

50

Excellent.

do.

1 + +

50

Do.

1

Raw water.

1

Unsatisfactory.

50

Excellent.

-

50

Do.

12-11-24.

Unfiltered water

+ 1.1

Raw water.

do.

Filtered do.

+ 12.5

Up to standard.

do.

Tap, Aberdeen Police

Station

50

Excellent.

do.

Street fountain, near

Engine Honse...

50

Do.

10-12-24.

Unfiltered water

+ 0.5

Raw water.

do.

Filtered

do.

50

Excellent.

do.

Tap, Aberdeen Police

Station

50

Do.

do.

Street fountain, near

Engine House.......

50

Do.

- M (1) 50

Table VIII.

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF POKFULUM WATER SAMPLES.

Date.

Description of sample.

Pollution Index as

Remarks.

C.C.

7-1-24.

do.

do.

do.

11-2-24.

Unfiltered water Filtered do.

Tap water, 6B Robinson

Road

Tap water, 35 Robinson

Road

Unfiltered water

++

1 10

--·

do.

Filtered

do.

+++

do.

do.

5-3-24.

do.

do.

do.

7-4-24.

do.

do.

do.

5-5-24.

do.

do.

do.

4-7-24.

Tap water, 6B Robinson

Road

Tap water, 35 Robinson

Road

Unfiltered water

Filtered

Tap water, 6B Robinson

Road

Tap water, 35 Robinson

Road

Unfiltered water

Filtered

do.

Tap water, 6B Bonham

Road

Tap water, 35 Robinson

Road

Unfiltered water

Filtered do.

Tap water, 6B Bonham

Road

Tap water, 35 Robinson

Road

Unfiltered water

do.

+++

+

1

1

+ + 1

++1

!

50

+ 1.6

50

50

do.

Filtered

do.

+++

88-08

828 8 8

Raw water.

5

Below standard.

50

Very good.

25

Good.

1

Raw water.

+ 12.5

Up to standard.

50

50

Do.

1.2

Raw water.

25

Good.

50

Excellent.

Very good.

12

25

1

I

+ 1.2

50

50

Do. Raw water.

Up to standard.

Excellent.

Very good. Raw water. Excellent.

Do.

Good.

Raw water.

Unsatisfactory.

do.

Tap water, 6B Bonham

Road

+ 2.2

Do.

do.

6-8-24.

do.

do.

do.

Tap water, 35 Robinson

Road

Unfiltered water

Filtered do.

Tap water, 6A Robinson

Road

Tap water, 35 Robinson

Road

+++

2

Do.

I

50

50

Do.

Raw water.

Below standard.

Excellent.

- M (1) 51

Tahle VIII.-Continued.

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF POKFULUM WATER SAMPLES.

Date.

10-9-24.

do.

do.

do.

8-10-24.

do.

do.

do.

12-11-24.

do.

do.

do.

10-12-24.

do.

do.

do.

Description of sample.

Pollution Index as

Remarks.

C.C.

Unfiltered water Filtered do.

Tap water, P.W.D.

Workshed Caine Road..] Tap water, 35 Robinson

Road

Unfiltered water

Filtered

do.

Tap water, P.W.D.

Workshed Caine Road.. Tap water, 6B Bonham

Road

Unfiltered water

Filtered do.

Tap water, 6B Bonham

Road

Tap water, Tar Macadam

Depot, Caine Road......

Unfiltered water

Filtered do.

Tap, Macadam Depot,

Caine Road...........

Tap, 6A Bonham Road

++

1

Raw water.

10

Not up to standard.

I

50

1++

50

1

Raw water.

5

-

50

10

Excellent.

Do.

Not up to standard.

Excellent.

Not up to standard. ·

Raw water.

+++

+ 1.1

5

Below standard.

50

++1

|

Excellent.

50

Do.

1

+ 12.5

1 1

50

30

Raw water.

Up to standard.

Excellent.

Do.

M (1) 52-

Table IX.

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF SHAUKIWAN WATER SAMPLES.

Date.

Pollution

Description of sample.

Index as

C.C.

Remarks..

do.

do.

do.

12-3-24.

do.

do.

do.

23-4-24.

do.

do.

do.

14-5-24.

do.

do.

do.

23-7-24:

do.

29-1-24.

do.

do.

do.

20-2-24.

Unfiltered water Filtered do.

Tap water, street fountain opposite 30 Main Street Tap water, street fountain opposite 9 Main Street.. Unfiltered water

Filtered

do.

Tap water, opposite 30

Main Street

Tap water, opposite 9

Main Street.....

Unfiltered water

Filtered do.

Tap water, street fountain opposite 30 Main Street Tap water, street fountain opposite 9 Main Street.. Unfiltered water Filtered do.

Tap water, street fountain opposite 30 Main Street Tap water, street fountain

opposite 9 Main Street.. Unfiltered water

Filtered do.

Street fountain opposite

30 Main Street

Street fountain opposite

9 Main Street....

Unfiltered water

Filtered do.

++

T

++1

1++

8998

++1

I

++1

1 + +

do.

Street fountain opposite

30 Main Street

1

2 804 9

50

10

+ 3.3

50

Excellent.

50

2

3.3

50

50

1

1

50

2

Raw water.

20

Good.

50

Excellent.

50

1

2

50

Do. Raw water. Unsatisfactory.

Excellent,

Do. Raw water. Unsatisfactory.

50

do.

Street fountain near 21

Main Street........

50

27-8-24.

Unfiltered water

+ 0.5

do.

Filtered water No. 1 Bed.

+ 0.5

do.

Street fountain opposite

30 Main Street

50

50

0.8

+ 0.7

Do. Raw water. Unsatisfactory.

Excellent.

Do. Raw water. Unsatisfactory.

Excellent.

Do. Raw water. Unsatisfactory.

Excellent.

Do. Raw water. Unsatisfactory.

Excellent.

do.

Street fountain near 21

Main Street

1

50

Do.

·M (1) 53

Table IX.-Continued.

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF SHAUKIWAN WATER SAMPLES.

Date.

Description of sample.

Pollution Index as

C.C.

Remarks.

24-9-24.

Unfiltered water

do.

Filtered do.

++

+ 2.5

do.

Street fountain near 30

do.

22-10-24.

Main Street

Street fountain near 21

Main Street

Unfiltered water

1

do.

Filtered

do.

++1

1.6

+ 3.3

do.

Street fountain near 30

Main Street.......

}

do.

Street fountain opposite

9 Main Street.....

20-11-14.

* Unfiltered water

do.

Filtered water

213 2 80m 3 888

Raw water. Unsatisfactory.

50

Excellent.

50

Do.

Raw water.

Unsatisfactory.

50

Excellent.

50

Do.

50

Do.

50

Do.

do.

Street fountain No. 30

Main Street...

50

Do.

do.

Street fountain near 21

Main Street..

24-12-24.

Unfiltered water

1 +

50

Do.

4

Raw water.

do.

Filtered

do.

Not examined, chlori-

nated before filtration.

do.

Street fountain opposite

58 Main Street

50

Excellent.

do.

Street fountain opposite

101 Main Street....

50

Do.

* Chlorinated before filtration.

M (1) 54

Table X.

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF CHAI WAN WATER SAMPLES.

Date.

Description of sample.

Pollution Index as C.C.

Remarks.

do.

do.

do.

29-1-24.

do.

do.

do.

30-2-24.

Unfiltered water Filtered do

Tap water, street foun- tain opposite Shauki- wan Market

Tap water, street foun-

tain opposite 139 Main Street

Unfiltered water Filtered do

Tap water, opposite

Shaukiwan Market.....

Main Street.......

++

I

Raw water.

Below standard.

+

5

Do.

+++

218

Do.

1

50

Tap water, opposite 137

50

Raw water.

Below standard.

Excellent.

Do.

12-3-24.

Unfiltered water

2

Raw water.

do.

Filtered do.

50

Excellent.

do.

Tap water, street foun-

tain opposite S. K. W.

Market.....

50

Do.

do.

Tap water, street foun-

Street

23-4-24.

do.

do.

do.

14-5-24.

do.

Filtered

do.

tain opposite 94 Main

Unfiltered water

Filtered do.

Tap water, opposite 120

Main Street.................

Tap water, opposite 94

Main Street......

Unfiltered water

do.

Street fountain opposite

Shaukiwan Market......

1++

1

I

++ i

50

Do.

+ 16

Raw water.

1.6

Unsatisfactory.

50

50

1

50

50

do.

Street fountain opposite

13 Main Street

23-7-24.

Unfiltered water

+ 0.9

do.

do.

do.

Filtered do.

Street fountain opposite

Shaukiwan Market.......

Street fountain opposite

119 Main Street.

1

T

1 + 1

영양 영웅영

50

Excellent.

Do. Raw water. Very good.

Excellent.

Do.

Raw water. Excellent.

Do.

Do.

Date.

M (1) 55

Table X.

BACTERIOLOICAL ANALYSES OF CHAI WAN WATER SAMPLES.

Description of sample.

Pollution Index as

C.C.

Remarks.

27-8-24.

do.

do.

Unfiltered water

Filtered water No 1 Bed. Street fountain opposite Shaukiwan Market.....

++

do.

Street fountain opposite

119 Main Street

24-9-24.

Unfiltered water

do.

Filtered do.

++1

+ 16.6

do.

Street fountain opposite

Market

T

do.

22-10-24.

do.

do.

do.

26-11-24.

do.

do.

do.

Street fountain opposite

139 Main Street.

Unfiltered water

Filtered

Street fountain opposite

Shaukiwan Market...... Street fountain opposite

94 Main Street

* Unfiltered water Filtered

do.

Street fountain opposite

Shaukiwan Market.....

Street fountain opposite

119 Main Street.

do.

29 22" 8 888 8

1 + +

1

0.3

Raw water.

+ 0.2

Unsatisfactory.

50

Excellent.

50

50

50.

1.2

Do. Raw water.

Up to standard.

Excellent.

Do. Raw water.

5 Below standard.

}

1

50

50

Excellent.

50

Do.

50

Do.

50

Do.

Do.

Do.

24-12-24.

Unfiltered water

+ 0.5

Raw water.

do.

Filtered

do.

Not examined, chlori-

nated before filtration

do.

Street fountain opposite

Market......

50

Excellent.

do.

Street fountain opposite

Yuen Hing Lane

50

Do.

* Chlorinated before filtration.

M (1) 56

Table XI.

BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSES OF TAIKOO SUGAR REFINERY WATER

SAMPLE.

Date.

Description of sample.

Pollution Index as C.C.

Remarks.

7-10-24..

Unfiltered water

do.

Filtered

do.

11-10-24.

Unfiltered do.

do.

Filtered

do.

21-10-24.

Unfiltered do.

+1 +1 +

05

Raw water.

30

Excellent.

05

Raw water.

30

Excellent.

05

Raw water.

do.

Filtered

do.

30

Excellent,

28-10-24.

Unfiltered do.

do.

Filtered

do.

4-11-24.

Unfiltered do.

do.

Filtered

do.

11-10-24.

Unfiltered do.

do. 18-11-24.

Filtered

do.

Unfiltered do.

do.

Filtered

do.

25-11-24.

Unfiltered do.

do.

Filtered

do.

5-12-24.

Unfiltered do.

do.

Filtered

do.

16-12-24.

Unfiltered do.

do.

Filtered

do.

23-12-24.

Unfiltered do.

19-12-24.

29-12-24.

Filtered Unfiltered do.

do.

do.

Filtered

do.

30-12-24.

Unfiltered do.

do.

Filtered

do.

+ 1 + 1 + 1 +++ ] +++ ] + 1 +|+|

1

Raw water.

30

6

50

05

50

1

+ 16.6

Excellent.

Excellent.

Excellent.

Moderate.

Raw water.

Raw water.

Raw water.

2

Raw water.

50

Excellent.

Raw water.

Very good.

Raw water.

50

Excellent.

Raw water.

50

0.5

Raw water.

50

Excellent.

5

Raw water.

50

Excellent.

Excellent.

M (1) 57

Table XII.

BACTERIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF WATER SAMPLES OF VARIOUS SOURCES.

Date.

Description of sample.

Pollution Index as

Remarks.

C.C.

9-4-24.

Well water, Kowloon

22-7-24.

Peak, tap, Peak Hotel

do.

Peak, Peak Tank

+ 1 +

1

Raw water.

50

Excellent.

50

Very good.

do.

Peak, Kitchen Tank,

Mountain Lodge.....

+

5

Unsatisfactery.

do.

Peak, tap, Mr. Tratman's

house, Homestead

50

Excellent.

do.

Peak, Mount Gough

Tank

+

17

Up to standard.

28-7-24.

Peak, tap, No. 3 the

Eyrie

50

Excellent.

do.

Peak, tap, Mrs Nihill's

bath room, Mountain

Lodge

50

Do.

do.

Peak, tap, Mrs. Nihill's

kitchen,

Mountain

Lodge

50

Do.

do.

Peak, tap, Mrs. Nihill's

pantry, Mountain

Lodge

50

Do.

do.

West Point, tap, Govt.

Analyst's Loboratory...

50

Do.

6-9-24.

Unfiltered water,

Sheke

Country Club

+

3

Raw water.

do.

Unfiltered water, Sheke

Country Club

+

3

Do.

do.

Filtered water, Sheke

Country Club

50

Excellent.

do.

Filtered water,

Sheke

Country Club

+

2

Unsatisfactory.

19-9-24.

Well water, Kiung

Chow

2-10-24.

Well water, Kowloon

10-10-24. do.

Tap water, Yacht Club.

++ 1

1

Do.

I

Do.

Filtered water, Yacht

Club......

영영

50

Excellent.

50

Do.

15-10-24.

Well water, Kiung

Chow, I

30

Good.

do.

Well water, Kiung

Chow, 2

30

Do.

do.

Well water, Kiung

Chow,

3

30

Do.

do.

Well

water, Kiung

Chow, 4

-+

15

Above standard.

M (1) 58-

Table XII.

BACTERIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF WATER SAMPLES OF VARIOUS SOURCES.

Date.

Description of sample.

Pollution Index as C.C.

Remarks.

7-11-24.

do.

Tap water, Watson

Mineral Water Factory. Filtered, Watson Mineral

Water Factory

+ 1.1

Below standard.

+ 10

Do.

8-11-24.

Stream water, Telegraph

Bay

+- 0.2

Unsatisfactery.

do.

Aplichau No. 1 wed

water

+ 0.1

Do.

do. Aplichau No. 2 well

14-11-24.

water Watson Mineral Water

+ 0.1

Do.

Factory, main water

50

Excelient.

do.

Watson Mineral Water

Factory, water after sand filters

+

50

Very good.

do.

Watson Mineral Water

Factory, filtered

50

Excellent.

15-11-24.

Tap water, Kowloon

Hotel

50

Do.

18-11-24.

Tap water, Stable,

Bacteriological Inst.

50

Do.

do.

Tap water, Victoria

Mortuary...

50

Do.

22-11-24.

Tap, 3 Mallory Street,

2nd floor

50

Do.

25-11-24.

Lower tap, Laboratory

Sink, west end

26-11-24.

Tap, 151 Peak

3-12-24.

Well water No. 1 Kiung

Chow

양영영

50

Do.

50

Do.

50

Do.

do.

Well water No. 2 Kiung

Chow

50

Do.

do.

Well water No. 3 Kiung

Chow

50

Do.

do.

Well water No. 4 Kiung

Chow

50

Do.

8-12-24.

Water

from New

Territory

50

Do.

9-12-24.

Unfiltered water, Tunnel

Mouth Gauge Basin,

Bowen Road

+ 2.5

Raw water.

do.

Unfiltered water, Gauge

Basin, Albany

+

5

Do.

M (1) 59

Table XII.

BACTERIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF WATER SAMPLES OF VARIOUS SOURCES.

Date.

Description of sample.

Pollution Index as

• C.C.

Remarks.

10-12-24.

do.

Unfiltered water, Filtered Bed Filtered water, Eastern Bed chlorinated before filtration

Eastern

+ 1.5

Raw water.

25

Very good.

22-12-24.

Water from most west-

erly stream

near

Diamond Hill, New

Dairy Lots

+ 0.5

Raw water.

do.

Water from

stream

inmediately west of

Diamond Hill, New Dairy Lots

+

1

Do.

- M (1) 60-

ANALYST'S DEPARTMENT.

REPORT BY MR. E. R. DOVEY, A.R.C.SC., F.I.C., F.C.S., Government Analyst.

The number of analyses performed during the year was 1,339 as against 1,170 in 1923.

The following classification shows the nature of the work done :-

Chemico-legal.

Food and Drugs Ordinance,—Contd.

1924. 1923.

1924. 1923.

Toxicological examinations

Currants,

1

0

(including 20 stomachs),... 51

82

Flour,

57

23

Articles for stains,

0

Gio,

2

Fibres,

2

Glucose,

1

Clothes,...

1

2

Ham,...

1

Corrosive liquids,...

Bombs, and Explosives,

Coins and Coining Materials, Herbs and roots,

Liquids,...

Materials from Fire enquiries,

Susbstances for Insurance

Classification,

Powders,

Vitiated air,

Revolvers and Cartridges,

10 10

5

0

Honey,

0

3

Infants' Food,

0

1

11

16

Isinglass,

1

0

270

OOOO

0

Lard,

26

11

0

Marzipan mixture,

I

0

Milk, fresh,

39

58

1 20 00 Co

Milk, sterilized, Milk, condensed,

1

6

Nut butter, Olive Oil, Peas, Pepper,

Dangerous Goods Ordinance.

Rice,

Petroleum oil,

6

2

Soup,.

1

Liquid fuel,

8

2

Sugar,

Crackers,

1

0

Tea,

Liquids for flash point,

11

Vermouth,

4

I

0

Guncotton,

1

Vinegar,

Canister,

0

Whisky,

2

Carbonic acid gas,

1

Ships for inflammable vapour, 41

Food and Drugs Ordinance.

43

Waters.

Public supplies,

286

164

Distilled water,..

9

10

Aerated waters,

Almond mixture,

Beef essence,..

Bean curd,

Beer,

Biscuit,

Brandy,

Bread,

Butter,

Butter mixture,

Ι

Cakes,

Chinese wines,

Coffee,

Cream mixture,

0

1

0

2

2010O,

Wells and springs,

8

12

Sea water,.......

1

0

Building Materials.

Cements,

4

10

Clay for brickmaking,

0

3

Bricks,

Plaster,

Paint,

Soil,

0

1

Pharmacy Ordinance.

1

Acetylsalicylic acid,..................

Acriflavin,

1

0

-O-OOOO --ON

0

Pharmacy Ordinance,-Contd.

M (1) 61

Chemical,-Continued.

1924. 1923.

1924. 1923.

Beta-naphthol,

0

1

Liquid paraffin,

Caffeine citrate,

0

1

Potassium bichromate,..

1

Champhorated oil,

6

0

Potassium cyanide,

0

Chinese drugs,

3

3

Sodium hydroxide,

2

Chloral hydrate,

0

1

Sodium nitrate,

0

Chloroform,

Sodium sulphide.

1

Datura alba,

0

Sulphuric acid,..

58

53

Hexamethylenetetramine,

0

Trional,

0

Lotion,

Zinc Oxide,

0

Novarsenobillon,

Other chemicals,

00-250R120

Ι

Mercurous chloride,.

Pepsin,

Miscellaneous.

Phenacetin,

Coal tar disinfectants,

5

Pills,

2

3

Urine,

11

Potassium bromide,

0

I

Faeces,

2

Quinine ethylcarbonate,

1

Gall stone,

1

Sodium bromide,

1

Dog's stomach,

Sodium salicylate,

1

Soy,

Sulphonal,...

1

Deposits,

Tincture of cinchona,

1

Cutch,

22 OOOO~~~

0

0

0

3

2

Tincture of opium,

i

Peanuts,

1

0

Battery plates,

6

Mineralogical.

Hyosan,

1

Metals,

151

177

Dyes,

0

Ores,

75 127

Wax,

1

0

Coal,

63 29

Husks,

Minerals,

Sand,.

2

Slag,

Metal sheets,

2

Brass tube,

0

Oils.

Tannery liquors,

0

Anise oil,

Cassia oil,...

27

32

30

Metal packing,

1

77

44

Metal polish,

1

0

Essential oil,

1

0

Cork,

1

Lubricating oil,

I

0

Guano,

2

Camphor oil,...............

0

4

Tobacco,

Wood oil,

143

136

Fertilizer,

1

Teaseed oil,

4

2

Soap,

Peanut oil,

Shale oil,

1

Soil,

....

Dust,

Tallow,

Chemicals.

Ammonium sulphate,

Bleaching powder,

Carbon bisulphide,

Glycerin,

21

0

I

1

Refractometer for adjustment, Thermometers for calibration, 1 Hydrometers,

Coal Tar,

2

2

0

2

>>

">

1

000000-

1

Total,...... 1,339 1,170

M (1) 62

TOXICOLOGICAL.

Among the chemico-legal investigations made during the year were 39 cases of suspected human poisoning. The results of these examinations are given below:-

Results of Examination.

No poison found

Opium found... Lysol found

...

...

Gilsemium elegans found Datura alba found... Morphine found Hydrocyanic acid found Hydrochloric acid found Oil of cloves found...

...

*

Total,

:

...

...

No. of Cases.

:

18

14

cases

""

1

"

""

1

33

1

>

1

1

1

"

39 Cases.

WATER SUPPLIES.

The new

room for water analysis was put into operation during the past year and has proved very useful. The chemical control of the water supplies has developed considerably during the past three years as is shown by the following figures :-

Year.

1922.

1923.

1924.

Samples examined 56

"

""

164

286

During the coming year, the number of samples examined is likely to be considerably greater.

In connection with the chlorination of the water supplies, numerous samples have been taken and the chlorine content determined. Since the introduction of the permanent chlorination apparatus, no very great excess of chlorine has been detected in the mains,

M (1) 63

FOOD AND DRUGS.

During the year 66 samples were examined and the results of analysis are tabulated below :—

Description.

No. of Samples.

No. found Genuine.

No. found Adulterated.

Milk, Fresh

30

29

1

Milk, Condensed

2

2

(

Milk, Sterilized

1

1

Coffee

4

0

...

Flour

0

Butter

4

4

0

Honey

1

1

0

Fruit Cake

Cream Cake

Butter mixture

Glucose

Isinglass

...

...

Almond mixture

Marzipan mixture

Ham

Green peas

1

1

...

...

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

...

1

1

0

...

1

1

0

1

1

0.

...

-

1

...

1

Lard

Pepper

Vinegar

1

0

1

2

2

0

***

0

1

1

6

2

Camphorated Oil

MINERALOGICAL.

The 226 samples of metals and ores examined during the year comprised the following:-

Metals.

1924. 1923.

Ores.

1924. 1923.

Alloys

1 Antimony

Antimony

0

7 Bismuth

~N

Nickel

0

1 Graphite

...

Silver

0

1 Iron...

2

27

57

1

0

Tin Zine

151

...

166 Lead

2

0

1 Manganese

Molybdenum

Total,...... 151 165

1

0

Rock

Tin

0

Wolfram

...

33

48

Zinc...

3

Q

75

115

M (1) 64

SPECIAL REPORTS.

Special reports have been made on the following subjects :--- "Impurities in Chinese Tin" (Two reports.) "Methods of analysis for Chinese Wood Oil." and "The Gluten content of Flour ".

LIBRARY.

Several standard work of reference have been added.

SAMPLING.

The following Table shows the amount of sampling done on behalf of local export firms during the year :-

Ammonium

sulphate...

50 tons.

Manganese Ore. 2,150 Tons,

Anise Oil

2,150 containers Tea Oil

Antimony

241

""

Bisumth Ore...

72

97

Cassia Oil ...... Lard ....

1,651

Tin Wolfram Wood Oil

136 Containers 3,491 Tons.

وو

6,100

1,880 Bags. ..38,771 containers.

During the year electric drills have been introduced for the sampling of ingot tin and these have proved a marked success.

REVENUE.

The fees paid into the Treasury during the year amounted to $22,616.00 as against $23,769.87 in 1923.

The value of the year's work as determined from the Tariff of Fees (Government Notification No. 439 of 1918) is $33,876.00 as against $33,309.87 in 1923.

STAFF.

Mr. Lane left the staff early in the year and Mr. Branson has recently been appointed in his place as Second Assistant Analyst.

Mr. Loie joined the staff as an assistant chemist in the inor- ganic branch.

Our sampler, Mr. R. C. Hurley, left the staff during the year and Mr. Fincher was appointed to take his place.

E. R. DOVEY, Government Analyst.

M (1) 65

THE OFFICE OF THE HEALTH OFFICE OF THE PORT

REPORT BY DR. B. H. MELLON, Health Officer of the Port.

I. THE INSPECTION OF SHIPS ARRIVING IN PORT.

During the year 1924 the number of inward-bound ocean going vessels was 6484 and these were all visited by the Health Officers.

Such particulars of the voyage as the names of ports of call, dates of the departure, numbers of passengers and crews and the incidence of cases of illness or death, etc., were noted on the prescribed forms and attested by the master of the vessel as reguested under Table W, section 22 (2), of the Merchant Shipping Ordinance of 1899.

Of the steamers arriving 2650 were on the British register and 3834 on the foreign register. River steamers from Canton, Macao and West River ports, Junks and small craft are not visited except in case of sickness or death.

Ships arriving in port with a corpse on board must obtain a permit from the Health Officer before landing it and before this is granted, enquiries are made in order to determine the cause of death. If a death occurs within ten hours of a ships arrival in port or whilst the ship is in harbour the body is inspected and the case is investigated. If for any reason the cause of death is in doubt the body is sent to the inortuary for further examination. During the year 149 special visits were made to ships for these purpose, 137 permits were granted and 28 bodies sent to the mortuary. During this period no death occured from a quarantine- able disease. Bills of Health numbering 2594 were issued during the year.

Three vessels arriving in an insanitary condition were dealt with under Table L, section 23 (1), paragraph 13 of the Merchant Shipping Ordinance of 1899 as amended by Government Notifica- tion No. 7, paragraph 2 of 1924.

II.-EMIGRATION.

The total number of emigrants was 130,982 which shows an increase of 10.198 over 1923, 32,592 over 1922 and 71,013 more than for 1919.

More than half of the emigrants proceeded to the Straits Settlements. Approximately equal numbers left for Honolulu, Dutch East Indies and the United States of America. The numbers and destinations of the emigrants are given in Table I.

M (1) 66

The months of April and May again proved to be the most popular for emigration whilst February was the least favoured month. Table II shows the numbers of emigrants leaving the Port for each month of the year.

The Asiatic Emigration Ordinance (sections 25-28) requires that all Asiatic Steerage passengers embarking on vessels bound for certain ports and the crews of these vessels must be examined by the Health Officer prior to departure and those found medically unfit are not allowed to proceed. The total number of rejections was 946 and the cause of their rejection is outlined in Table III.

All emigrant vessels are bound to possess a hospital on board, certain surgical instrument and a supply of drugs and then are also inspected by the Health Officer before the ship is allowed to proceed.

Asiatic emigrants are classified as follows:--

(a.) Free emigrants are those who pay their own fares, are under no contract of service and can return when they please. Many are petty traders who for some obscure reason almost invariably discribe themselves as grocers, 88,428 free emigrants sailed during the year.

(b.) Assisted emigrants to the number of 10,605 left, mainly for work in the sugar plantations of Java and Hawaii, the tin mines and rubber plantations of the Straits Settlements, the timber forests and oil fields of Borneo or in the nitrate deposits of the South Sea Islands. These men have their fares paid by their employers and are engaged by contract for one to three years.

(c.) Women and children. These consist mainly of the wives and families of the emigrants.

III. QUARANTINE DUTY.

All vessels arriving from "infected" ports and those having infectious or supicious cases on board fly the "Q" flag and go to the quarantine anchorage for examination.

Saigon was declared an infected port on February 7th owing to the prevalence of small-pox in its neighbourhood, restrictions being withdrawn on July 21st.

The ports of the Dutch East Indies were declared infected on August 19th on account of small-pox and the port of Macassar on account of plague. The restrictions on these ports were still in force at the end of the year.

quarantine was 233 with They underwent medical The monthly returns

The number of vessels arriving in 16,586 passengers and crews of 14,868. examination before pratique was granted. of quarantine ships are given in Table V.

M (1) 67 -

Of these 233 ships 10 were detained in quarantine, for details see Table IV, The cause of detention in all cases was small-pox.

Fumigation and disinfection of these vessels and the clothing and personal effects of all on board was strictly carried out.

Vaccination of the passengers and crew and medical ex- amination was attended to before release from quarantine.

Twenty-nine cases of infectious disease were investigated and found to be due to non-quarantinable diseases, these were dealt with in the usual manner. This involved the examination of 311 sick persons and many special visits to ships in the harbour,

The total number of persons medically inspected during 1924 amounted to 219,222 which is equivalent to 600 exaininations for each day of the year.

IV. VACCINATION DEPARTMENT.

The Vaccination Ordinance, 1923 requires that all emigrants- from the Colony shall be sufficiently protected against small-pox. In order to assist emigrants in fulfilling the law the Government instituted a vaccination department on January 1st 1924 and provision was made whereby they could be cheaply and effica- ciously vaccinated. The emigrants, however, did not avail themselves of this priviledge to any great extent, only 1877 attending during the year for vaccination. In addition 4092 non-emigrants presented themselves for free vaccination. At the examination of emigrants on board ships all persons who in the opinion of the Health Officer were not sufficiently protected had to undergo

re-vaccination.

During the year I was assisted for varying periods by Capts. Fettes and Walker, R. A. M. C. and Drs. Smalley, Fehily and Chang.

January 20th, 1925.

B. H. MELLON, Health Officer of the Port...

M (1) 68

Table I.

Showing emigration passes and rejections for 1924.

Port of Destination.

Passed.

Crews.

Rejected.

Straits Settlements

76,767

10,423

276

United States of America...

9,189

17,934

139

Canada

7,566

12,736

96

Honolulu

10,121

211

Dutch East Indies

10,022

4,592

57

British North Borneo

2,696

2,091

23

Belawan Deli and Muntok.

6,804

3,334

80

Australia and New Zealand

2,155

2,602

32

South Sea Island

807

54

Shanghai and Japan

1,285

South America

990

1,094

Panama

589

20257

Mexico

85

219

South Africa

179

209

1

Maurituis

1,196

283

10

Rangoon

208

1,215

Manila

280

1

Hoi-how

43

...

Total

130,982

56,786

946

Table II.

Showing monthly returns of emigrants, crews and rejections.

Months.

Ships Examined.

Emigrants. Crews.

Rejections.

January

26

6,161

4,437

34

February

20

4,663

3,982

24

March

21

12,859

3,300

65

April

24

16,524

4,428

113

May

32

18,595

5,659

120

June

24

10,370

3,887

100

July

31

10,171

5,969

106

August

29

7,820

4,833

82

September

27

11,117

4,848

114

October

32

12,209

5,366

74

November

32

10,945

5,459

72

December..

30

9,548

4,618

42

Total.

328

130,982

56,786

946

- M (1) 69

Table III.

Showing causes of rejections of emigrants.

Skin Diseases :-

Scabies

Tinea

Ringworm

Favus

Other forms... Eye Diseases :-

Trachoma Ophthalmia

Conjunctivitis

Fevers.... Small-pox

Chicken-pox

Measles

Leprosy

Tuberculosis

Syphilis

Beri-beri

Jaundice

Diseases.

Enlargement of the Spleen Enlargement of lymphatic glands.

Heart Disease

Debility

Numbers Rejected.

107

6

7

244

2

1

534

2

1

1

1

3

20.

1

7

1

1

1

1

Total.......

946

Table IV.

Showing the number of ships detained in quarantine with ports of origin, causes, dates and periods of detention.

Name of Vessel.

Port.

Cases.

Causes.

Date of Arrival Date of Departure in quarantine. from quarantine.

66

'Shinto Maru

"}

"Passat

"Cape Felice".

"U.S. Destroyer 'Noa' No. 343"

"U.S. Asheville "

"Yatshing"

"Prosper

1)

"Takada

>>

"Fooksang

"Nenus

}}

"}

M

(1) 70

Canton,

3

Co

Small-pox,

6th Jan., 1924.

Dairen,

2

6th Jan., 1924.

Shanghai,

17th Jan., 1924.

8th Jan., 1924.

8th Jan., 1924.

18th Jan., 1924.

*

Canton,

1

""

>>

Amoy,

2

Saigon,

I

18th Jan., 1924.

28th Jan., 1924.

6th Feb., 1924.

9th Feb., 1924.

A

Amoy,

18th Mar., 1924.

19th Jan., 1924.

29th Jan., 1924.

8th Feb., 1924.

10th Feb., 1924.

19th Mar., 1924.

>>

Manila,

1st April, 1924.

18th April, 1924.

2nd April, 1924.

18th April, 1924.

- M (1) 72

Table I.

Diseases and Deaths in 1924 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

>

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

13:

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Nomenclature.

Remain-

ing in Hospital on 31st

Yearly Total.

Total

Cases

Remain- ing in Hospital

Remain- ing in Hospital

Yearly Total. Total

Dec., 1923.

Admis- sions.

Cases

Deaths. Treated.

on 31st

on 31st

Admis-

|Dec., 1924, Dec., 1923.

sions.

Deaths. Treated.

Remain- Remain-

ing in

ing in Hospital Hospital on 31st on 31st Dec., 1924, Dec., 1923.

Yearly Total.

Total

Cases

Remain- ing in Hospital

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Treated. on 1st

Dec., 1924

DISEASES CAUSED BY INFECTION.

Chicken-pox

Diphtheria

Dengue

4 15

~

15

ལ:

42*

12

CO

12

~

12

2

30 CO

...

H

心心

1

...

65

893

5

900

45

889

3

30

45

2

96

3

3

13

13

I

1

:::

18

96

1

Dysentery-

(a). Protozoal

(b) Bacillary

Enteric Fever :-

(a) Typhoid fever.

Erysipelas

الله

79

83

21

2

21

78

(b) Paratyphoid fever

9

3

3

125

125

5

229

233

Gonococcal infection

Influenza

Leprosy :-

(a) Nodular

(b) Anæsthetic

Mixed Forms Madura Disease

Malaria:

(a) Benign tertian ............

(b) Sub-tertian

(c) Malarial Cachexia (d) Quartan..

Measles

Blackwater Fever

:

15

24

2

1

2

15

:ལོ

120

2

3

*

121

:

~

1

1

...

Carried forward......

23

1,728

25

1,751

23..

92

2

96

2

(a) Cerebro-Spinal Fever

Meningococcal Infection :-

Mumps

Plague

Pyogenic Infection-Abscess

Osteomyelitis

Pyæmia

Pyrexia of uncertain Origin

Relapsing fever

Rabies..

~ : ~ :

-

...

...

...

136

137

1

M (1) 71

Table V.

Showing numbers of passengers, crews and ships arriving in Quarantine each month.

Months.

No. of Passengers.

No. of Crews,

No. of Ships.

January

690

10

February

267

944

18

March

4,141

3,056

44

April

2,660

2,465

43

May

2,284

2,690

36

June

2,395

1,463

20

July

1,561

1,195

17

August

882

648

11

September

1,260

364

12

October

44

299

5

November

321

478

December

766

576

9

Total

16,586

14,868

233

+

Nomenclature.

M (1) 78

Table I,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1924 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL,

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1923.

Yearly Total.

Total

Cases

Remain- ing in Hospital

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st

on 31st Dec., 1994. Dec., 1083.

Yearly Total. Total

Admis- sions.

Deaths

Cases Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st

on 31st ¡Dec., 1924, Dec., 1923.

Yearly Total.

Total

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Cases Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital

on 31st

Dec., 1924

Brought forward...... 23

1,728

25 1,751

23

4

92

96

2

1

136

0 21 40

10

024

5

2

2

1

:::

Septicemia

Small-pox

Scarlet fever

Syphilis

(a) Acquired

(b) Congenital

Tetanus

Tuberculosis

Whooping cough

Rheumatic fever..

Yaws

Rheumatism

DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM.

Diseases of the Nerves

Inflammation :·

(a) Localised

(b) Multiple

Diseases of the Spinal Cord :-

Paralysis.....

Degeneration

Infantile Paralysis

Myalitis

Concussion

Spinal Haemorrhage

Spastic paraplegia..........

2

166

168

5

3

3

3

2

3

11

5

11

4

4

....

2

76

78

6

Tabes Dorsalis

Diseases of the Cerebral Meninges:

Inflammation

Tuberculosis

Diseases of the Brain

:

Glioma

Haemorrhage

Apoplexy

Paraplegia

21

21

7

1

I

9

2

5

35

35

1

-GNON

1

9

14

පස

3

9

10

14

9

6

10

: ܗ:

:

**

:2:0

w:

3

1

::

::

:

:

Embolism

6

6

Carried forward..............

30

2,127 66 2,157 40

9 113

10

5

122

2

1

::

137

1

5

::

::

::

...

142

143

:

}

M (1) 74 -

Table I, (Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1924 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Nomenclature.

Remain-

ing in Hospital on 31st

Yearly Total Total

Cases

Admis-

Dec., 1923. sions. Deaths. Treated.

Remain- Remain-

ing in

ing in Hospital Hospital on 31st on 31st Dec., 1924. Dec., 1923.

Yearly Total.

Admis- sions.

Total Cases Deaths. Treated.

Remain- Remain-

ing in

ing in Hospital Hospital on 31st on 31st Dec., 1924. Dec., 1928.

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

ing in

Admis- sions,

Deaths.

Cases Treated.

Hospital

on 31st

Dec., 1924.

Brought forward........ 30 2,127

66

2,157

40

9

113

5 122

2

1

142

1

143

1

Diseases of the Brain,-Continued.

Vertigo

Epilepsy

Migraine

...

Neurasthenia

....

Hemiplegia

Encephalitis Lethargia

Mental Diseases:

Mania

Melancholia..

Dementia.....

Delusional Insanity.

General paralysis of the Insane Insomnia....

Diseases of the Eye:

Conjunctivitis..

Blepharitis

Iritis

Trachoma

Keratitis

Optic neuritis

Entropion

Myopia

Hypopyon

Ophthalmia neonatorum

Diseases of the Ear:-

Inflammation of ext. meatus Otitis media (acute)

Mastoiditis

Chronic catarrh of middle ear

""

suppuration

Diseases of the Nose :-

""

29

2

2

5

4493

1

4

4

21

3

1

...

2

19

10

5

...

10

5

ලල්ල

3

3

29

29

1

...

...

7

7

6

1

2

1

1

6121and pl

...

:::

00 00 10

8

8

5

::

:

00 30 10

8

4

8

5

1

::

::

Adenoids

Polypus

in co

3

3

4

4

Sarcoma

Epistaxis..

1

5

6

Sinusitis

Carried forward...... 33 2,247

66 2,280 43

9 123

4

:

...

...

...

1

...

:

...

10

5

132

2

1 145

146

1

M (1) 75

-

Table I,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1924 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

1

...

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Nomenclature.

Remain- ing in Hospital

on 31st Admis- [Dec., 1923.} sions.

Yearly Total. Total

Cases Deaths. Treated.

ing in ing in Hospital Hospital

Remain- Remain Yearly Total. Total

Cases

on 31st .on 31st Dec., 1924. Dec., 1923.

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1924. Dec., 1923.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Yearly Total. Total

on 31st

Admis- sions.

Cases Deaths. Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital

on 31st Dec., 1924.

Brought forward

33

2,247 66

2,280

43

9 123

เด

5

132

N

145

1

146

1

Diseases of the Circulatory System:-

Eudocarditis

7

6

7

Myocarditis, fatty degeneration...

10

10

1

Mitral valve

3

17

1

20

2

...

Aortic valve

4

4

42

...

1

NA::

Dilatation of heart..

14

14

2

Aortitis

Aneurysm

2

3

1

1

...

1

1

...

1

1

...

4

I

5

:

:

:

:::

422

19

1

: 27

663

19

NNE

4

LOD TO CO

1

::

:::

:::

ลง

2

21

23

78

78

10

:

4

17

21

3

3

1

8

COM2:

6

I

3

Hyperpiesis.

Varix

Thrombosis of Veins

Syncope

Malformation

Auricular flutter....

Ventricular fibriliation

Diseases of the Blood :-

Anaemia

Pernicious Anaemia Leukaemia

Diseases of the Spleen :-

Splenomegaly Rupture

Banti's Disease

Diseases of the Lymphatic System:- Inflammation of LymphaticGlands Suppuration of

Tuberculosis of

Elephantiasis

Carcinoma

""

"

"

27

Diseases of Endocrine Glands :-

(a) Exophthalmic goitre

(b) Hypothyroidism

(c) Addison's Disease

Diseases of the Respiratory System:-

Laryngitis.

Atelectasis

2 2

7

3

N CO

2

...

7

1

::

Carried forward.

45

2,493

83 2,538

72

9 125

:::

..

10

5

134

::

:::

w

G

v

2

2

157

2

159

I

M (1) 76

Table I.

Diseases and Deaths in 1924 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

ing in Yearly Total. Total

Cases Deaths. Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital

on 31st Dec., 1924

Nomenclature,

Remain. ing in Hospital on 31st [Dec., 1923.

Yearly Total.

Total

Admis- sions.

Deaths,

Cases Treated,

Remain- ing in Hospital

Remain- ing in Hospital

Yearly Total.

on 31st

on 31st

¡Dec., 1924, Dec., 1923.

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Total Cases Treated.

Reinain-Remain-

ing in Hospital Hospital

on 31st

on 31st Dec., 1924. Dec., 1923

Admis- sions.

Brought forward.......

45 2,493

93

2,538

72

9 125

3

16

-5:

Diseases of the Respiratory

System,-Continued.

Pleurodynia..........

Bronchitis (Acute)......

1

142

143

Asthma

2

77

79

Pneumonia (Lobar)

31

35

ܗ: ܗ:

"

(Lobular)

47

28

49

Pulmonary Tuberculosis

85

31

92

8

Pleurisy

17

17

Empyema

5

2

Hæmoptysis

3

10 00

5

3

Asphyxia.

Diseases of the Teeth and Gums :-

Dental caries

Pyorrhoea alveolaris

Gingivitis

Cancrum Oris

Alveolar Abscess

Odontoma

Diseases of the Digestive System :-

Stomatitis

10

5

134

2

2

157

2159

17

1

]

13

14

1

1

4

4

:ལྔ

19

2

:..

:

19

...

14

3

3

:=

Necrosis of Jaw

Tonsillitis

Ni:

2

Pharyngitis

Gastritis

Gastric Ulcer

2

106

5

གཿ ས་ྲ

...

4

::

37

2

:

39 2

108

16

16

2

5

15

15

·་ ་

44

44

Gastric Carcinoma

Haematemesis

5

5

...

Indigestion

Enteritis

Colitis

Gall stones

Sprue

Hernia inguinal

...

3

3

2

2

6

109

115

15

15

Appendicitis.........

1

36

37

7

38

38

8

2

2

15

15

1

X N

心:

2:

2

2

3

...

4

25

25

2

Diarrhoea......

Constipation

Tuberculosis.

5

5

...

1

47

48

1

12

13

Hernia femoral

1.

1

2:::

2

2

12

Carried forward.

76 3,421 173

3,497

94

13

208

6

221

4

3 244

5

247

5

10

5

!

*

J

ü

i

Nomenclature.

P

M (1) 77 -

Table I,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1924 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Admis- on 31st Dec., 1923. sions.

Yearly Total..

Total

Deaths.

Cases Treated.

Remain- Remain-

ing in

ing in Hospital Hospital

on 31st

on 31st |Dec., 1924. Dec., 1923.

Yearly Total. Total

Admis- sions,

Cases Deaths, Treated.!

Remain- Remain-

ing in

ing in Hospital Hospital

on 31st

Admis- on 31st Dec., 1924. Dec., 1923. sions.

Yearly Total.

Deaths.

Total Cases Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st Dec, 192

Brought forward......

76

3,421

173

3,497

94

13

208

6

221

4

3

244

5

247

Diseases of the Digestive System,-

Contd.

Liver abscess

Fissure of the anus

Fistula in ano

Haemorrhoids

Hepatitis

Cirrhosis of liver

2

2

3

18

21

I

31

32

:

7

17

co :

3

Carcinoma of liver

6

1

Jaundice

6

6

...

Cholecystitis

1

5

...

Peritonitis-acute general

10

10

...

Prolapse of rectum.....

2

Ascites

}

Dilatation of stomach.

Gastroptosis

:

Pancreatitis, acute.

Inflammation of rectum.

Stricture of rectum

Umbilical fistula..

Duodenal ulcer

Duodenal catarrh

Rupture of liver

Obstruction of intestiues

Cholangitis

Diseases due to Disorders of Nutrition

or of Metabolism :—

Inanition

Diabetes mellitus

Scurvy....

Beri-beri

Gout

Rickets starvation

Diseases of the Male Organs of

Generation :—

Epithelioma of Pemis....

Phimosis

Stricture of urethra

Rupture of urethra...

Carried forward..............

:

2

3

~ 2 2

4

1

1

1

2

1

2

2

2

1

2

8

133

::

:: 5:

16

141

...

2

...

...

...

...

...

...

:

:

...

1

+

3

2

3

1

1

I

1

17

18

10

5

...

...

4

4

1

Ni

2225

24

24

2

:

27

18

29 18

1

: ܗ:

2

2

2

:

...

35

95 3,752

216 3,847 104

13 211

7 224

4

4 273

7

277

...

เด

5

M (1) 78-

Table I,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1924 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Nomenclature.

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1923.

Yearly Total. Total

Admis- sions.

Cases Deaths. Treated.

Remain- Remain- ing in ing in Hospital Hospital on 31st on 31st Dec., 1924. Dec., 1923.

Yearly Total. Total

Admis- sions.

Cases Deaths.Treated.

Remain- Remain-

ing in

ing in Hospital Hospital on 31st on 31st Dec., 1924 Dec., 1923.

Yearly Total.

Total

Cases

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Treated

Remain-

ing in Hospital on 31st ¡Dec., 1924.

Brought forward......

95 2,752

216 3,847

104

13

211

7

224

H

273

7

277

Prostatis..

Diseases of the Male Organs of

Generation,-Contd.

Soft Sore

Prostatic hypertrophy

Hydrocele

Orchitis

Epididymitis

Urethritis

Diseases of the Female Organs of

Generation :—

Cancer of Breast

Ovarian cyst

1

1

1

15

16

2

.2

2

5

5

31

6

6

LO

ة

3

5

5

1

3

12

12

2

~ 2

2

:

...

:

...

...

>>

2

3

1

1

3

11

11

∞∞

8

8

2

2

2

1

6

7

15

15

:

3

3

3

1

2

1

6

ܗ:

2

2

2

02

6

::

:~

2

: N

Vaginitis...

Endometritis

Vaginal fisuae

Amenorrhoea

Dysmenorrhoea

Menorrhagia

Abortion

Puerperal Septicaemia Mastitis

Prolapse of uterus

Post partum hæmorrhage Retroversion of uterus

Parturition

Fibroid of uterus.

Pregnancy

Laceration of Cevix

Hydatidiform Mole

Ectopic gestation

Rupture of perineum

Salpingitis

Cancer of uterus

Ovary

Diseases of the Organs of

Locomotion :-

Osteitis

Ankylosis of joints

4 34

...

5

:

:-

::

*

Carried forward.............

101 3,926

224 4,027 112

13

224 7 237

6

4

278

7

282

54

...

:

:

Nomenclature.

M (1) 79

Table I,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1924 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain-

ing in Hospital on 31st ¡Dec., 1923.

Yearly Total. Total

Admis- sions.

Cases Deaths. Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Remain-

ing in Yearly Total. Total

Hospital

on 31st

on 31st

Admis- Dec., 1924. Dec., 1923. sions.

('ases Deaths. Treated.

Remain- Remain-

1a. in

ing in Hospital Hospital on 31st on 31st Dec., 1924. Dec., 1923.

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

Admis-

sions.

Deaths. Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital

on 31st Dec., 1924.

...

Brought forward......

Diseases of the Orgaus of

·

Locomotion, Continued:-

Osteo-Myelitis.

Synovitis...

Myalgia

Lumbago....

Rheumatoid arthritis

Arthritis.

Bursitis

Tuberculosis of joints :

Diseases of the Areolar tissue :-

Cellulitis

Abscess

Carbuncle

Gangrene.

Diseases of the Skin:-

Lupus

Boils.....

Urticaria

Eczema

Impetigo

Tinea

Scabies

Lichen

Herpes..

101 3,926

224 4,027

112 13

224

7

237

6

10

10

1

4

:

...

2

1

10

1

1

3

13

16

3

22

5

23

8

151

159

13

13

6

6

::

:

--

4

3

:

1

::

4

00 H>

3

:

2

2

:

29

29

...

3

4

4

21

23

1

1

1

26

196

2

37

38

1

2

2

278

1

...

Psoriasis

Ulcer

Dermatitis

ases of the Urinary Organs :--

DiseNephritis, Acute.....

Chronic

Cystitis

Haematuria

::

2

2

41

41

1

47

48

2

30

1

23

17

4311

30

24

:

10

5

7

1

13 2

1

3

2

132

Enuresis

Chyluria

Retention of urine

6

6

Calculus

19

19

...

Carried forward.......

121 4,431

2464,552

140 13

253

8

266

...

:

18

9

::

3

282

6

:

2

18

9

1

:

...

3

+4

4

2

2

...

4

317

321

6

M (1) 80

Table I.

Diseases and Deaths in 1924 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

CIVIL HOSPITAL,

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Nomenclature.

ing in

Remain- Yearly Total Total

Admis- sions.

Cases Deaths. Treated.

Remain- Remain- ing in

ing in Hospital Hospital

on 31st

on 31st Dec., 1924, Dec., 1923.

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

Admis-

Deaths. Treated sions.

Remain- Remain-

ing in

ing in Hospital

Hospital on 31st on 31st ¡Dec., 1924. Dec., 1923.

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

ing in

Cases

Hospital

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Treated.

on 31st Dec., 1924.

Hospital on 31st Dec., 1923,

Brought forward...... 121 4,431 246 4,552 140

Diseases of the Urinary Organs, –

Contd.

Hydronephrosis Bacilluria

Hamliopulea

General Injuries:-

Burns

Scalds

Multiple Injuries.

Drowning Alcoholism

Local Injuries:-

Septic

A brasion

Wounds, Incised.

10

3

I

::

74

*

...

13 253

8

266

3

39

42

2

1

40

40

1

1

34

18

34.

3

2

1

2

25

25

RiANi

100

70

94

:

100

72

ོ:

?

4

317

321

6

+

98

3

...

2

2

Contused

143

143

23

:

::

Lacerated

12

270

282

12

""

Stab.......

50

54

1

""

Gun shot...

""

47

اة

I

...

Sprain

48

48

}

Fracture - Skull

31

52

""

Jaw, lower

1

Jaw, upper

6

"

Spine...

9

Ribs

"

13

13

Clavicle....

11

19.

1.1

""

Scapula

1

Humerus

""

14

1

Radius

7

"

Ulna

29

""

29

Pelvis

3

2.

3

Femur

2

18

2

20

1

Tibia

29

2

28

"

L

...

Fibula

11

11

>>

...

#

Patella

1.

4

21

Tibia and Fibula

6

28

2

34

2

Carried forward...... 162.

5,636 338 5,798 192

15

264

8

279

7

4

319

323

6

:

}

#

2

Nomenclature.

M (1) 81 -

Table 1,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1924 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

323

6

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st. Dec., 1923.

Yearly Total.

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Total Cases Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital Hospital

on 31st

on 31st |Dec., 1924. Dec., 1923.|

Remain-

ing in Yearly Total. Total

Admis- sions,

Cases Deaths. Treated.

Remain- Remain-

ing in Hospital Hospital

on 31st

on 31st ¡Dec., 1924. Dec., 1923.

ing in Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

ing in

Cases

Hospital

Admis-

sions.

Deaths, Treated.

on 31st Dec, 1924.

Brought forward...... 162

Local Injuries,-Contd.

Fracture-Phalanges..

Nasal bone

""

Debility Maramius

Dislocations

Tumours and Cysts. Malformations

Poisons-Opium.

:

- Alcohol

"}

Star anise

Datura

>"

""

Crysol.

...

5,636 338

5,798 192

15 264

00

...

1

- CC

1

14

16

78

78

4

2.2

22

1

26

4

26

5

10

5

1

1

1

1

Arsenious acid

Ptomaine

Caustic soda

Lead

""

""

Carbon monoxide

"

Mercuric chloride

*

Hydrochloric acid...

Animal Parasites-Ascaris lum-

""

bricoides Ankylostoma

duodenale... Tænia solium Filaria

bancrofti

Malingering..

In attendance

Under Observation.

Electric shock

Fish Bone in thoat...

Clonorchiaris

Snake bite..............

:

1

::

:

2

17

1

12

1

18

1

:.

279

7

+ 319

!

ལ::

*

:

:

:

...

S

8

1

29

30

2

30

32

6

66 1

72

}

1

...

4

...

1

44

::

:

:

1

44

24

...

24

:

1

:

:

:

12

:

2

...

1

:

1

...

:

::

14

:ཝ། :

...

TOTAL...

172 5,934 359 6,106 204

17 300

9 317

6

402

7

408

8.

M (1) 82

Table I.

Diseases and Deaths in 1924 at the Tung Wah Hospital.

Admissions.

Nomenclature of Diseases.

Remain- ing over

Deaths.

Remain- ing over

In

to

Total.

from

1924.

1923.

Western Treatment.

Native Treatment.

1925. Cases. Deaths. Cases. Deaths.

Diseases Caused by Infection :--

Chicken-pox...

Diphtheria

Dysentery :-

(a) Amoebic

1

1

5

5

4

::

1

1

4

4

10

52

62

18

3

(b) Bacillary

Enteric Fever:-

(a) Typhoid (b) Para-typhoid

Erysipelas

Gonococcal infection

Influenza

3

198

201

+

43

1

288

24

5

38

13

98

14

103

20

32

33

20

9

3

24

17

10

10

1

4

6

1

3

3

}

2

}

57

58

17

41

4

101

104

22

36

8

68

14

Leprosy..

8

8

Malaria:

(a) Benigu tertian

14

14

6

8

(b) Sub-tertian

11

198

209

36

6

co

103

9

106

27

(c) Malarial Cachexia...........

22

66

68

29

1

22

12

46

17

Measles.....

8

8

6

Meningococcal Infection.......

30-

30

16

3

22

13

Mumps

3

3

3

Plague

Pyogenic infection :-

(a) Abscess-cellulitis

44

507

551

96

52

304

21

247

75

(b) Carbuncle .....

1

14

15

2

9

6

2

---

(e) Osteo-myelitis

(d) Septicaemia Pyrexia, simple

Small-pox Syphilis:

(a) Acquired

(b) Congenital.

1

2

3

3

6

6

6

2

2

4

4

86

86

17

69

13

13

13

13

13

38

383

421

12

226

195

6

6

6

2

1

Diseases of the Nervous System

Tetanus

Tuberculosis (General)

Whooping Cough

Peripheral Neuritis

Transverse Myelitis

Spastic Paraplegia

Carried forward

116 1,934 2,050

337

80

928

83

3333

19

19

18

3

13

14

14

2

NNN

4

4

2

16

16

2

12

12

2

2

91

ོ་ ཿ༠༠

91

17

74

3

3

2

1

2

2

3

ลง

2

1

1,127

254

D

- M (1) 83

Table I,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1924 at the Tung Wah Hospital.

Admissions.

Remain-

Western Treatment.

Native Treatment.

Remain-

Nomenclature of Diseases.

Deaths.

ing over

ing over

In

to

Total.

from

1924.

1925. Cases.

Deaths. Cases. Deaths.

1923.

Brought forward

116

1,934

2,050

337

80

928

83 1,127

254

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis............

2

2

2

Progressive muscular atrophy .....

1

1

Locomotor Ataxia

2

7

1

1

7

1

Tuberenlons Meningitis

6

6

1

25

5

Disseminated sclerosis...

4

4.

Encephalitis lethargica Cerebral Haemorrhage

"

>>

Thrombosis

Embo:ism

Neuro-syphilis

Epilepsy

Mental Diseases:

(a) Mania

Diseases of the Eye....

3

3

18

18

17

2

16

0

15

9

9

2

1

2

1

1

1

16

46

62

5

3

28

3

34

2

2

2

4

4

4

187

196

11

196

Diseases of the Ear.

5

5

51

Diseases of the Nose

13

13

10

3

Diseases of the Circulatory System

Myocardial degeneration........

19

Mitral valve disease

2

14

Aortic valve disease

946

19

16

8

16

1

7

CO 10

6

11

10

5

9

3

6

5

4

1

Aneurysm.......

1

1

1

Varicose Veins......

2

3

Diseases of the Blood:-

Simple anaemia

4

4

1

3

Diseases of the Spleen :-

Splenomegaly

......

1

2

3

1

2

1

Diseases of the Lymphatic Glands :---

Lymphadenitis (suppurative)

2

43

45

(tuberculous)

3

24

27

42

4

18

27

2

9

18

Lymphadenoma

2

2

2

Lymphosarcoma

I

I

I

1

Diseases of the Endocrine Glands :-

Exophthalmic

1

1

1

Diseases of the Respiratory System:-

Laryngitis

....

4

4

......

4

Bronchitis.

33

418

451

142

26

138

51

313

91

Asthma..

1

11

12

4

Carried forward

186

3,816

8,990

541

130

1,396

159

1,596

380

M (1) 84

Table 1,-Continued.

Diseases and Deaths in 1924 at the Tung Wah Hospital.

Admissions,

Remain-

Nomenclature of Diseases.

Deaths.

Remain- ing over

ing over from

In

to

Total.

1924.

1925.

1923.

Western Treatment,

Native Treatment.

Cases. Deaths. Cases. Deaths.

Brought forward

Pleurisy

Empyema

16

16

11

1

3

4

1

4

1

Pneumonia, lobar....

7

187

194

98

7

63

37

131

61

broncho

4

308

312

146

1

107

69

205

77

""

Pulmonary tuberculosis

Diseases of the Alimentary Tract :—

84

862

946

366

58

324

207

622

159

Stomatitis

Alveolar abscess

Necrosis of Jaw

Tonsillitis

1

210-2

2

2

5

5

2

12

Gastritis

9

9

8

Dilated stomach

1

13

14

Peptic ulcer....

1

18

19

2

1

12

7

Gastric carcinoma

1

1

1

1

1

Entero-colitis

12

506

518

184

27

176

63

342

121

Appendicitis

11

11

3

8

3

3

Inguinal hernia

2

14

16

16

Constipation

68

68

4

64

Rectal stricture

3

3

Haemorrhoids

1

11

12

9

3

Ano-perineal fistulae

1

8

9

7

2

Liver abscess

4

4

1

4

1

Cirrhosis of liver

2

31

33

23

2

31

22

2

Carcinoma of liver

5

5

4

4

1

1

Gumma of liver

1

I

*1

Gallstones...

2

2

2

Intestinal obstruction

3

3

3

3.

3

General peritionitis

19

19

19

18

18

1

1

Diseases due to Disorders of Nutrition

or Metabolism :-

Inanition

Diabetes mellitus

Beri-beri

Rickets

Diseases of the Male Organs of

Generation

3

3

3

3

1

2

3

1

2

1

1

81

767

848

313

62

487

186

361

127

1

1

1

3

56

59

46

13

Carried forward.......

E

1

1

- M (1) 85

Table 1-Continued.

Diseases and Deaths in 1924 at the Tung Wah Hospital.

Admissions.

Remain-

Remain-

Nomenclature of Diseases.

Deaths.

ing over

ing over

In

Total.

from

1924.

1925.

to

1925.

Western Treatment.

Native Treatment.

Cases. Deaths. Cases. Deaths.

Brought forward.......

Diseases of the Female Orgaus of

Generation

1

70

71

5

10

52

19

Diseases of the Organs of Locomotion:~

Synovitis

1

32

33

Tuberculous arthritis

6

6

Rheumatoid arthritis

6

9

15

14 1000

14

19

2

5

1

4

Spondylitis

1

1

Diseases of the Areolar Tissue:-

Ulceration

51

704

....

755

43

481

274

Gangrene

6

6

10

5

5

-++

1

1

Diseases of the Skin

2

137

139

47

92

Diseases of the Urinary Organs :-

Nephritis

17

284

301

162

9

108

48

193

114

Cystitis.

Vesical calculus

1

14

Retention of urine

248

2

2

15

15

3

3

3

Injuries :-

Burns and sealds

34

Multiple injuries

3

46

Local wounds

4

317

321

Sprains

4

Fractures

6

106

Dislocations

18

Innocent Tumours & cysts...

16

སྐ ཀ ཧྥུལ ཋ

35

31

4

49

17

27

11

22

6

8

204

117

4

4

112

4

5

14

98

3

15

16

Poisoning :-

Opium (acute)

1

*

(chronic)

14

472

486

Lead

2

༷མ

1

I

196

23

127

201

69

2

Animal Parasites :-

Ascaris lumbricoides

15

15

14

Hookworm

1

13

14

1

1

3

Treadworm

1

1

Clonorchis sinensis

6

6

Filaria bancrofti

I

1

1

Destitution (starvation)

49

49

49

Senility

9

210

219

101

14

138

61

81

40

Parturition

15

1,071

1,086

2

12

1,086

2

Under Observation

24

24

20

4

Total,.

521

9,419

9,940

2,195

420

5,392

1,031

4,548

1,164

M (1) 86

DISEASE and deaths in 1924 SHOWING THE ADMISSIONS AND MORTALITY IN THE KWONG WA HOSPITAL WITH THE PROPORTION of CASES TREATED BY EUROPEAN

AND CHINESE METHODS RESPECTIVELY.

Remaining in Hospital at

ADMISSIONS.

DEATHS.

the end of

DISEASES.

1923

1924

Total.

Total.

CAUSED BY INFECTIONS.

Chicken-pox.

Diphtheria

Dysentery

5

1

105-9

1

1

109

Enteric:

(a) Typhoid fever

3

Gonorrhoea

12

Influenza

26

Leprosy..

10

Malaria

14

7

43

304

Small-pox

Malarial Cachexia

Measles

Meningococcal Infection :-

Cerebral Spinal Fever..

Plague

Syphilis (a) acquired

Tetanus..

Tuberculosis

Diseases of the Nervous System.

...

2

4

...

::

::

2

228 "REFE

ཚ ཌསྶནྡྷ;

...

208

59

59

118

1

1

9

8

14

661

120

128

248

2

2

11

2

13

co

8

ลง

10

1

1

54

7

61

9

13

...

21

17

251

50

22

37

19

56

3

45

5

50

15

17

:

WN

2

260

136

298

134

80

214

3

65

31

99

19

5

24

Eve

16

16

"

Ear

4

...

y

""

"

5

Circulatory System...

9

4

13

6

7

ر,

Respiratory

16

6

381

170

567

214

102

316

"

**

""

Digestive

17

8

303

160

480

120

50

173

Diseases due to disorders of Nutrition

of the male organs of generation..

48

42

512 432

992 163

153

316

1

30

female

""

">

,, organs of Locomotion.

1

12

212

32

3

3

8

15

Skins

12

12

>>

"

>>

Urinary System

19

4

185

84

288 81

40

121

Areolar Tissues

· 44

29

436

15

495

10

11

"J

""

General Injuries

48

48

11

11

Local Injuries

29

26

437

119

585

21

23

New growth:-

(a) non Malignant

3

3

1

(b) Malignant

Poisons

4

4

2

2

15

16

1

Animal parasites

15

15

Parturitions

8

18 1,160

1,168

::

Total

228

167 4,803 1,657 6,688 1,059 1674,8031,657

6571,716

-M (1) 87

S

TABLE OF CASES TREATED AT THE GOVERNMENT DISPENSARY,

KOWLOON.

DISEASES.

DISEASES CAUSED BY INFECTION.

Small-pox

Chicken-pox

Dengue

Diphtheria

Dysentery

Erysipelas..

Gonorrhoea

Influenza

Leprosy

Malaria....

Measles..

Mumps

Plague

Syphilis :-

(a) Acquire

(b) Congenital

Tuberculosis......

Whooping Cough...

DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM.

Diseases of the Nerves :—

Neuritis

Diseases of the cerebral meninges:-

Meningitis

DISEASES OF THE BRAIN.

Hydocephalus congenital

A poplexy

Epilepsy

Paralysis

Neuralgia

Hysteria

Number of Number of

Patients

1924.

Patients

1923.

1

6

84

35

2

4

226

108

138

96

40

69

29

844

663

6

4

58

17

:

485

333

32

20

237

221.

78

45

56

-20

...

59

92

34

18

Carried forward....

2,406

1,670

M (1) 88

TABLE OF CASES TREATED AT THE Government Dispensary,

KOWLOON,-Continued.

DISEASES.

Number of Number of

Patients

Patients

1924.

1923.

Brought forward........

2,406

1,670

DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS

SYSTEM, Continued.

Diseases of the Eye

2,346

2,293

Ear

5:

""

1,222

1,240

Nose

"

18

""

30

"

"

Circulatory System

36

66

Blood

>>

""

153.

119

""

Respiratory System

2,944

2,159

27

Digestive System

2,707

2,013

:

"

Lymphatic System...

207

3

""

33

Urinary System......

185

181

19

JJ

Male Organs of generation

29

23

""

""

Female Organs of generation

137

99

"

Organs of Locomotion

559

604

Areolar Tissue

"1

7,230

6,755

Skin

"

55

3,891

2,531

Beri-beri

334

235

Injuries, General

Local

Poisons-Chronic Opium

Parasites:--

538

392

4,052

2,574

3

(a) Animal

(b) Vegetable

"

Vaccinations

New Growth non-malignant

Physical Examinations

malignant....

1,736

1,212

745

474

55

19

1

9

571

6,871

397

190

Total.......

32,503

31,765

M (1) 89

Annexe O.

PUBLIC MORTUARY, VICTORIA.

REPORT BY GOVERNMENT BACTERIOLOGIST.

Report on post-mortem examinations.

1924.

1923.

Male bodies examined,

2,148

2,545

Female bodies examined,...

1,873

2,291

Bones only,

1

Skull only,

1

...

:

4,022

4,837

Total,

Claimed bodies sent from hospitals and other places, Unclaimed bodies mostly abandoned,

3,142

3,583

880

1,254

Total,

4,022

4,837

Epitome of Causes of Death.

I-Local Diseases:

(a) Of the Nervous System,

67

62

(b)

""

Circulatory System,

43

50

(c)

Respiratory System,

2,219

2,168

(d)

""

Digestive System,

168

238

(e)

Genito-Urinary System,..

17

12

Of Diseases caused by Infection

718

1,189

(g) Diseases due to Disorder of Nutrition

or of Metabolism

445

735

(h) of Conditions affecting Child, result

of Mechanical Causes

(i) Of Diseases of the Skin,

Of Diseases of the Blood,

(k) Of Diseases of the Lymphatics, (1) Malformations

104

133

1

•*•

...

CO

3

3

...

1

3

...

II.-Deaths from Violence :-

(a) General,

51

62

(b) Local, ...

82

63

III.--- General Undiagnosed Conditions,

102

117

Total,

4,022

4,837

M (1) 90-

Local Diseases.

(a.) Of the Nervous System :-

Cerebral hæmorrhage .

Hydrocephalus

Tuberculous meningitis Cerebral tumour

1924. 1923.

Meningitis other than C. S. F.

& Tuberculosis... Cerebral abscess ... Intracranial haemorrhage,

Cerebal convulsion

Hydrocephalic brain.

...

Haemorrhage into peritorium

Shock

.4

Total

2 11

19019

7

~N

52 26

201

(c) Of the Respiratory System:-

Broncho-pneumonia & bron-

chitis, Pneumonia

Tuberculous broncho pneu-

monia

Pleurisy

Pulmonary tuberculosis

Abscess of lungs

Bronchiectasis

Empyema

Infarct of lungs

Lober pneumonia...

Lacerated lungs

Neoplasm, R. lung

Dermoid cyst of thoracic

cavity,

Pleuritic effusion

1

7

67 62

Atelectasis

...

Miliary tuberculosis

Phthisis

Pulmonary abscess

10

13

Total...

...

...

1924. 1923.

1,458 1,477 36 22

2018

5 27

442

261

3

53

71

181 234

3

2

16

15

22

31

1

2,219 2,168

Pericarditis

(b.) Of the Circulatory System:~~-~

Acute ulcerative endocarditis

Congenital heart disease

Endocarditis...

4

...

(d) Of the Digestive System:—

Syphilitic aortitis...

Valvular disease of heart

Tabes mesenterica

1

3

Fatty heart

Peritonitis

18

24

...

Atheroma,

tuberculous

5

Atheroma aorta

1

10.

Enteritis

102 164

Rupture of aneurysm of aorta

5.

6

tuberculous

Aneurysm aortic

Gastritis

...

Dilated heart

15

Cardiac failure

Acute gastro-enteritis

Perforated gastric ulcer

Carcinoma of liver

3

Tumour of liver

1.

1

ون

12

Cirrhosis of liver...

Abscess of liver

Suppurative cholangitis Colitis

Ulcerative colitis

2 Dysentery

Strangulated umbilical

hernia

Acute intestinal obstruction Intussusception

Intussusception of bowel

| | 00 | | 10 |

1

5

1

cc

Co

1

2

1

Carried forword

153 227

Mitral regurgition Aortic regurgition Pyo-pericarditis

Rupture coronary artery

Syncope

...

Haemorrhage into pericar-

dium

Heart failure,

...

***

Patent foraman ovale

Internal haemorrhage......

Arterie seleresis

2

1

1

Total

43 50.

...

Acute encephalitis

— M (1) 91

Digestive System,---Continued.

1924. 1923.

Brought forward... 153 227

Of the Diseases caused by infection:-

Continued.

1924. 1923.

Brought forward... 715 1,183

Intra peritoneal haemorrhage

Intra abdominal haemorrhage Pyloric stenosis Icterus

""

...

neonatorum

Gangrenous appendix

Infective jaundice Tumour of Colan...

Acute catarrhal jaundice

M N

2 6

Influenza

Puerperal fever

Abscess of neck

Abscess of chest

1

2

1

1

9

Leprosy

Scarlet fever...

Total ...

718 1,189

Total...

168 238

(g.) Diseases due to Disorders of Nutrition or of Metabolism:-

(e.) Of the Genito-Urinary System :-

Marasums

Beri-beri

Chronic nephritis

interstitial nephritis

Purulent salpingitis

Acute nephritis

Pyclo nephritis

Pyonephrosis

...

New growth of kidney

Pyelitis ...

...

10

1

6

6

2191

Inanition

Immaturity

...

...

234

211 212

495

28

Total,...

445 735

Contusion of testicle

Uraemia

Hæmorrhage into peritoneal

Premature birth...

(h) Conditions affecting Child, result

of Mechanical Causes

Still birth

333333

43

36

...

cavity.

1

Injuries at birth ...

60 95

1

222

Total...

17

12

Total,.......

104 133

(f.) Of the Diseases caused hy infection :--

(i.) Of Diseases of the Skin :---

Epithelioma

Small-pox.

278 709

Erysipelas

Diphtheria

15

7

Enteric fever

25

99

Total...

1

1

Measles ...

4 2

Cerebro-spinal fever

16

21

Malaria

113 186

(j) Of Diseases of the Blood:--

Septiceamia

14

9

Pyaemia

2

4

Septice, jaundice...

General tuberculosis

147

78

Spleno. med. leukaemia

Syphilis

99

65

Mumps

Toxaemia

Splenic anaemia

1

1

1

1

Ankylostomiasis

Total

دن

:

Carried forward

...

715 1,183

J

M (1) 92

(k.) Of Diseases of the Lymphatics :-

Local,-Continued.

1924. 1923.

1924, 1923.

Lymphosarcoma

Status lymphaticus

1

Brought forward ...

53

35

Total,...

(1.) Malformations

Anencephaly...

Obstructive foundice

...

Congenitial pyeric structure.. Congenitial malformation of

Wound of neck

throat

";

head.

I

"}

abdomen

1

";

Fracture of skull...

12

11

1

7"

spine

...

pelvis

1

ribs ...

1

1

cervical vertebrae

visera...

2

Crushed chest

і

Total...

3

Dislocation of cervical ver-

tebrae

Rupture of spleen...

Deaths from Violence. (a.) General:-

and liver

stomach

intestine

Multiple injuries

7

1

liver

Hanging and asphyxia by

aorta

་་

ligature

1

10

Haemorrhage from wound

2

Asphyxia and suffocation

4

5

Contusion of brain

Drowning

18

18

Concussion

Opium poisoning...

4

5

Internal haemorrhage

2

1

Carbonmonoxide poisoning...

Haemorrhage into plura

Burns and scalds ...

12

Electrical shock

4

Starvation

LO LO 50

5

5

Total...

82

63

Exposure

Strangulation

6

Septic poisoning

2

Morphin poisoning

1

Senile decay...

1

General Undiagnosed Conditions:-

Total...

51

62

Undiagnosed

Decomposed bodies

54

84

Skeleton only

2

(b) Local:-

Bullet wound of heart...

Bones only

Foetus only

1

1

Skull only

...

head

1

2

""

Placenta only

abdomen

2 1

neck

Decopitation...

I

1

2

-

aorta

""

Stab wound of heart

Injuries to brain

spinal cord

112-

46

29

Taken for use in School of

Anatomy, Hongkong

University...

42

28

Total

102 117

Carried forward

53 35

Total small-pox cases

278

Nuraber of bodies sent to Public Mortuary (Victoria) during 1924.

Victoria.

M (1) 93-

Harbour.

Chinese

4,009 3,951

48

English

5

10

Indian

6

N

Japanese

1

Portugues

1

Total..

.4,022 3,598

52

182

190

13 claimed. 265 unclaimed.

Shaukiwan.

182

Other Villages.

188

1

1.

M (1) 94

PUBLIC MORTUARY, KOWLOON.

1924.

1923.

DISEASES CAUSED BY INFECTION.

Diphtheria,

2

Dysentery,

20

19

Enteric :)-

(a) Typhoid fever,

7

19

Leprosy,

1

Malaria (c) Sub-tertian,

146

97

Measles,

2

16

Meningococcal infection :-

(a) Cerebro-spinal fever, ...

2

17

Plague,

31

Septicemia,

11

14

Small-pox,...

403

232

Syphilis

(a) Acquired,

1

(b) Congenital,

113

69

Tetanus,

6

1

Tuberculosis,

50

39

767.

542

DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM.

Diseases of the Cerebral meninges Acute Suppurative Inflammation

Tuberculosis,

DISEASES OF THE BRAIN.

Apoplexy, ...

10

5

1

1

10

5

DISEASES OF THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM.

Inflammation of the Pericardium :—

(a) Sero-fibrinous,...

(b) Suppurative,

Inflammation of the Endorcardium :-

Malignant Endocarditis,...

Chronic inflammation of mitral valve, Chronic inflammation of aortic valve,

!

2

7

Fatty degeneration of myocardium,

Aortic aneurysm,

2

Carried forward,

28

16

Carried forward,

800

549

Appendix N.

REPORT ON THE BOTANICAL AND FORESTRY DEPARTMENT FOR THE YEAR 1924.

GENERAL REMARKS.

The rainfall, which totalled 105.51 inches during the whole year was generally favourable to both gardening and forestry operations during the fourth quarter of the year when the gardens usually suffer from more or less severe drought the heavy rains were particularly beneficial. Particulars of rain- fall in the Botanic Gardens are given in Table I.

Signals indicating the proximity of typhoons were hoisted fourteen times during the year and the whole of the pot plants in the Botanic Gardens had to be carried into shelter on several occasions; no serious damage was done by storms in any part of the Colony.

The

GARDENS, PARKS AND GROUNDS.

Botanic Garden:-Many of the larger trees and shrubs which were damaged by the typhoon in 1923 have made a fair recovery, the gaps caused by the loss of big trees have as far as possible been filled with trees and shrubs.

In September the roses on the east side of the "Rosebed Terrace" were all lifted and planted elsewhere; the vacant beds were filled with winter annuals; the western side will be similarly treated and this will enable the whole area to b continuously planted with winter and summer annuals.

The shrubbery behind the aviary was entirely removed and the area covered with turf; a line of Mauritius Palms (Chrysalidocarpus lutescens) was planted to screen the back wall of the aviary, this has very much improved the appearance of the Old Garden. Two old and badly shaped trees of Viburnum oboratissimum which stood on either side of Sir Arthur Kennedy's Statue were removed and replaced by two Bay Trees (Laurus nobilis) obtained from Japan.

Clumps of bamboos near the plant houses and main entrance to Old Gardens were lifted and the best portion replanted.

Two young trees of Aleurites montana were planted at the corners of the "Rosebed Terrace" to replace the two fine speci- mens of Heteropanax fragrans which formerly stood here.

Grass Caterpillars fortunately were not very troublesome during the autumn; these pests were treated with a solution of Jeyes Fluid which at present is the only known cure.

N 2

The whole of the foliage and other plants in the plant houses were reported during the year; the stock of Mauritius Palms was repotted and divided and spare plants were used for hedges where required.

Much needed repairs to concrete paths were carried out in the vicinity of the aviary and bandstand.

Large numbers of layers and cuttings were taken from Bauhinia Blakeana and other hard-wooded trees in both gardens; in the Pot Nursery many thousands of cuttings of various plants were grown and potted, also seedlings of the rarer trees and those which require shelter during the early stages of their growth.

Six persons were arrested and convicted for disorderly conduct or petty theft in both gardens.

The total number of trees, shrubs and pot plants sold during the year was 4,739, of these 772 were Maiden-hair Ferns.

Government House Grounds :-The trees, shrubs and flower beds throughout the whole grounds were given such attention as they required; the grass lawns were kept in good order; grass caterpillars and earthworms were dealt with in the usual manner.

The interior of the house was decorated with palms, and flowering plants on June 3rd, the Birthday of His Majesty the King and on January 22nd and 31st on which dates dances were held.

Mountain Lodge Grounds :-Cannas and other plants in the large bed at the foot of the retaining wall were lifted and replant- ed after the ground had been well manured.

The creeping Ficus which were badly damaged by the 1923 typhoon have to a great extent recovered and are rapidly covering the retaining wall.

The undergrowth in the valley was cleared twice during the year and the grass on the golf course was regularly machined.

The lawns were regularly machined, rolled and top-dressed.

The red Azaleas (Rhododendron indicum) in various parts of the grounds flowered well; since the passing of the Ordinance which prohibits the possession and sale of flowers of all Azaleas those in these grounds have suffered little from the depredations of flower hawkers and the improvement in their general growth is noticeable.

Blake Garden :-Fences were repaired as required and the few grass banks which now remain were regularly cut; the large trees were given such attention as they required.

N 3

Increasingly large numbers of visitors now make use of this garden and some difficulty has been experienced in dealing with large gangs of youths, who for some time played organised foot- ball matches to the great discomfort of the regular and more orderly visitors.

West End Park:-The Camphor trees in the park were treated with insecticides to prevent damage by white ants.

The undergrowth was cleared twice during the year and gaps in the hedges were replanted with Agaves.

The lower portion of the park has been leased to the Princi- pal of St. Stephen Girls' College for use by the scholars as a playground.

King's Park, Kowloon :—'

-This area has now been laid out by Public Works Department as a sports ground and all flowering trees have been lifted and removed to Sung Wong Toi and elsewhere.

Civil Hospital Grounds :-All lawn were regularly machined, rolled and kept in good order generally; grass caterpillars, which fortunately made their appearance in small numbers only, were dealt with in the usual way.

Areas covered by Blue Grass were replanted as required and a stock of flowering plants was maintained.

The grass plots in the grounds of the Lunatic Asylum were regularly cut and creepers on the walls clipped as required.

Colonial Cemetery :-A large number of Palms and small which were damaging headstones and graves generally were cut out.

trees

The long Bamboo hedge inside the front boundary wall was given a hard pruning and this has much improved its appear-

ance.

The grass on the various burial plots was kept closely cut throughout the whole year and all flower beds were restocked with seedling flowering plants as required.

Four persons were arrested and convicted for damaging flowering shrubs.

Senior Officers' Quarters, Leighton Hill:-The tennis courts and grass banks were regularly given such attention as they required.

A number of large Pinus Massoniana died owing to disturbance of roots by builders and were removed.

D

N 4

Indian School Grounds, Sukunpo:-The grounds and lawns were regularly inspected and kept in good order; small portions of the latter were returfed.

The trees immediately inside the boundary wall were given such attention as they required, Crataeva religiosa made a fine show of flower during May.

Subordinate Officers' Quarters, Breezy Point:-The re- maining turfed areas were regularly cut and kept in good order generally.

Volunteer Headquarters :-The Parade Ground was returfed as required and the turf regularly cut and rolled. Trees adjoin- ing buildings and the Privet hedge were pruned.

St. John's Cathedral Compound:-The banks and rockeries were kept clear of undergrowth, new plants were put in to replace those damaged by crowds of people who often assemble the rockery dividing the compound from Murray Parade Ground. Representations have been made to the Church Body regarding the advisability of having the strip of ground referred to, securely fenced or otherwise protected.

on

Blue Grass was repaired as required.

Helena May Institute :-The various grass plots, trees and flowering shrubs were kept in good order throughout the year, the cost of such work being paid for by the Institute.

Statue Square:-The turf surrounding the Cenotaph and on the other two plots was regularly rolled, weeded, machined and given such attention as it required throughout the year. Bauhinias and flowering shrubs were pruned and the corner beds dug and replanted as required.

The Cricket Ground:-In addition to repairing the ends of the playing pitches immediately after each match a large area of turf was taken up and fresh turf laid at the conclusion of the

season.

The pitches were regularly machined, rolled and weeded; the whole of the cost of the work carried out was borne by the Hongkong Cricket Club.

Victoria Hospital Grounds: -A number of Chinese Palms (Livistona chinensis) and a few other shrubs which had become too large were cut out, and smaller plants put in place of them.

The old tennis lawn which was used as a dump for building material during the building of the new wing was relevelled and relaid with fine turf and is now available for use as a tennis lawn, both this and the new lawn below the road were kept in good order, generally, throughout the year.

N 5

Senior Officers' Quarters, Homestead Site :--The remaining flat spaces and banks were covered with black soil and turf.

On the flat space outside the entrance to the flats twe Queensland Palms were planted and the shadiest spots where turf will not grow were covered with Blue Grass, the turf on the banks was cut regularly during the year.

Government Pavilions and Villas:-Flowering shrubs and grass plots at both places were given such attention as they required.

Royal Observatory Grounds :-Flowering shrubs sides of the approach road were pruned and kept tidy.

on both

Seedling annuals were regularly supplied from the Botanic Gardens for use in the flower beds and pots.

Grass lawns were repaired, rolled, machined and weeded.

Children's Playground, Kowloon :-The turf was regularly I cut and attended to as required.

Central British School Grounds :-The grounds and pot plants were placed under this Department during the year. Seedling annuals and other plants were supplied from the Botanic Gardens.

Kowloon Magistracy Grounds :-The grass plots were regularly machined and given such attention as they required.

Island House, District Officer's Quarters, Taipo:-The undergrowth on the banks was cleared twice during the year.

The grass lawns were kept in good order and a stock of pot plants and flowers in beds maintained.

On June 30th the grounds were handed over to the resident District Officer.

Gap Road School:-Two small banks in front of the school were turfed and five shade trees (Aleurites triloba) were planted in the grounds.

HERBARIUM.

Specimens to the number of 846 collected by the expedition from Canton Christian College to Hainan, were received and mounted during the year.

All plant specimens were regularly brushed, sun-dried and repoisoned.

N 6

Specimens of economic and other plant products forwarded from various sources were identified for collectors, museums and other institutions. A number of books was purchased and added to the library; all books were regularly inspected and repoisoned.

FORESTRY.

Trees in plantations and elsewhere have now to a great extent recovered from great damage suffered during the 1923 typhoon, during the year the removal of dead and damaged Pinus Massoniana from plantations went on continuously.

As a result of the blowing down of many very large roadside trees and the consequent breakage of telephone and electric light wires, the hard pruning of the largest roadside trees was commenced at the end of the year; the effect is very noticeable and a large amount of shade has been lost, but all trees pruned now offer much less resistance to wind and will consequently have a much better chance of weathering severe storms.

Formation of Pine Tree Plantations :-Seeds of Pinus Massoniana were sown in situ on the following places, seventy- two pounds of seed being used-50,000 on hillsides above the Shek O Road, 20,000 at Quarry Bay, 30,000 on Cheung Chau Island and 20,000 on slopes adjoining the catchment area, Taipo Road.

For the formation of new plantation 657 pounds were sown broadcast on grassy banks above and below Shek O Road, above and below road from Shaukiwan gap to Tytam, above and below Stubbs, Broadwood, Taipo, Tsun Wan and coastal roads and on grassy slopes adjoining public paths on Cheung Chau Island.

Broadcast sowing was carried out on areas badly damaged by fires above Pokfulam Road, below Matilda Hospital, Mt. Kellet and Telegraph Bay, a total of 260 pounds of seed being used.

Two thousand one year old trees of Pinus Massoniana were taken up from ground adjoining Beacon Hill Nursery site and replanted further up the hillsides in Plantations 9A and 9B.

Broad-leaved Trees planted:-At Tai Wo Po all remaining flat spaces were planted with young Camphor trees to the total number of 6,082, similar trees planted in former years under 10 year old Pines at Tai Wo Po are making good progress and have suffered practically no damage from wind.

Along both sides of Shek O Road the following trees and flowering shrubs were planted, Melaleuca Leucadendron, 119, Eucalyptus tereticornis 42, Callistemon rigidus 39, Casuarina equisetifolia 34, Bauhinia variegata 122, Ficus infectoria 19, Celtis sinensis 220 and Sterculia lanceolata 19.

N 7

The following flowering and shade trees. were planted alongside the principal roads in Hongkong, the Kowloon Peninsula and the New Territories, Eucalyptus tereticornis 58. Callistemon rigidus 152, Camphor 17, Bauhinia variegata 19, Lagerstroemia indica 9, also small numbers of the following were planted to replace failures, Poinciana regia, Aleurites montana and Tristania conferta.

Miscellaneous Planting:-At Sung Wong Toi near Kowloon City the whole hill was planted with a mixed collection of shade trees, flowering and other shrubs after the thick clumps of Pandanus had been cleared; on the earth banks on either side of Stubbs Road 345 Ficus repens were planted.

On Crown Land adjoining Villa Miramare at Pokfulum 10 Artocarpus integrifolia and 57 mixed shrubs and trees planted.

were

At Stanley Military Cemetery the trees planted in former years are making slow progress owing to high winds, Casuarina equisetifolia is the only tree which has become well established; the following trees and shrubs were planted inside the cemetery walls during the year Bauhinia variegata 12, Callistemon rigidus 10, Aleurites triloba 19, the large trees of Ficus retusa which were planted outside the walls have failed to withstand the high winds which are so frequently experienced at this somewhat bleak spot.

Trees Felled:-At Shing Mun large numbers of Pinus Massoniana and other native trees were removed at the request of the Public Works Department to allow of road-building and other works in both Hongkong and Kowloon the sale of land for building lots has necessitated the removal of many thousands of trees.

One very fine specimen of Bombax malabaricum had to be sacrificed at "Jardine's Hill", Praya East, to allow of road improvements.

on

Undergrowth Clearing:-This work is now carried throughout the whole year instead of during the summer months only; the total area cleared in connection with the anti-malarial campaign was 7,607,777 square feet and for the Public Works Department a total area of 7,034,635 square feet was cleared in connection with the making of surveys of roads, building sites and catchment areas.

on

Lantana and Privet Destruction:-This was carried throughout the whole year and the latter plant is gradually being brought under control.

Care of Trees in Plantations :-Clumps of Loranthus were removed and very large numbers of creepers cut.

N 8

Pine tree caterpillars appeared in plantations at Chuk Yuen, Ngau Chi Wan, Fan Ling and Cheung Chau. They were immediately dealt with; the total amount collected and destroyed amounted to 155 piculs.

Camphors attacked by white ants were treated with insecticide.

Protection from fire:· -One new fire barrier 11 miles in length was made in Plantation 7C, below Matilda Hospital, Mount Kellet.

The total lengths of old barriers cleared before the dry season amounted to 18 miles in the New Territories, 17 miles in Hongkong and 5 miles at Fan Ling.

Hill fires were comparatively very few during the year, numbering only 18 as compared with 79 in 1923, of these 5 occurred during the first quarter, 2 in the second, 1 in the third and 10 in the fourth, the worst fire broke out in Plantation 5A east of Little Hong Kong Old Village, where over 1,000 young Pines were destroyed.

On Tsing Ming Festival Day, no fires were reported, this being due to recent light rains.

On October 7th the date of Chung Yeung Festival only two small fires were reported, they were easily extinguished by the staff on fire-watching duty.

The thanks of the Department are due to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs for the loan of 10 District Watchmen on both festival days.

Thanks are also due to the Captain Superintendent of Police and Police officers at various outstations for promptly reporting and in many cases extinguishing fires during both night and day.

Forest Guards Service-Forestry offences were very numerous during the year, this being mainly due to the shortage of imported firewood stocks in the Colony. Prices were at one time so high that dealers in a species of hardwood imported from Singapore turned their stocks into firewood and sold them at a handsome profit.

The total number of persons arrested and charged was 449 as compared with 406 in the preceeding year and 335 in 1922, of these 366 were convicted, 20 discharged, 17 cautioned. 40 had their bail estreated, 6 received strokes with the birch and 2 were required to find a personal bond.

Further particulars of these cases are given in Tables II and III.

N 9 -

Serious damage was done to Pine plantations adjoining Ma Yau Tong and Sai Tso Wan and an enquiry was held under Ordinance No. 6 of 1917 at both villages; as a result a fine of $400 on the former and $200 on the latter was imposed by His Excellency the Governor in Council.

Sums totalling $455 were obtained from building con- tractors for damage done to plantations and rockeries.

For extensive felling without permit in the vicinity of Kowloon catchwater the Departmental timber contractor was made to undertake pit digging and seed-sowing on the damaged area and to pay for the work done, the cost of which amounted to $500.

Prior to Chinese New Year a close watch was kept on all launches and trains coming from the New Territories for persons in possession of Enkianthus quinqueflorus; large amounts were seized by the Forest Guards but great difficulty was experienced in finding the owners and comparatively few persons were arrested and convicted.

Night patrols carried out by the Supervisor and Forest Guards were successful and resulted in the capture and conviction of a large number of the more persistent timber thieves.

the

Forestry Service Paths: -Since formation of the numerous motor roads which give easy access to bathing beaches etc. these paths have been very little used by the general public. All those requiring such treatment were cleared and resurfaced during the year.

Forestry Licences, New Territories :-Fees collected during the year amounted to $3,365.31 as compared with $4,711.11 during 1923.

NURSERIES, AGRICULTURE ETC.

Kowloon Tsai Nurseries :--These nurseries which were hurriedly formed during the latter part of 1922 and early in 1923 owing to the Beacon Hill Nursery area being required for a town planning scheme have at last been put into good order, a small dam has been made above the nurseries and a pipe line laid and so far an adequate supply of water has been obtained.

Six thousand young Camphors were raised and planted out and large stock, of "Jak" (Artocarpus integrifolia), and Water Pine (Glyptostrobsus heterophyllus) now in the beds are available for planting at any time.

The young trees of China Fir (Cunninghamia sinensis) raised from cuttings are making good progress.

N 10-

Almost the whole of the flowering trees used in the roadside planting throughout the Colony are raised here, later it is proposed to establish another nursery on the Island, in order to lessen the cost of transport and to avoid the carrying of young trees over long journeys.

Little Hong Kong Nursery:-The whole of the beds were sown with Camphor seeds and over 5,000 young trees raised in readiness for the replanting of the adjoining cleared area of Little Hong Kong Forest.

The nursery is being enlarged each year, this is a work of some difficulty owing to the hilly nature of the ground and the amount of small boulders which have to be removed.

A pipe line has been laid to tap a hill stream and a system of small tanks established, so far an abundant supply of water has been obtained.

Little Hong Kong Forest:-The clearing of the old timber from this area which was commenced in 1922 has now been completed; the majority of the large trees had been damaged and broken by large forest creepers and the major portion of the timber felled could only be used as fuel.

The only trees spared were some 500 large Camphors which are now slowly taking better shape after being loaded down with creepers and denied a proper amount of light for many years.

Fan Ling Experimental Garden:-A crop of Perilla ocymoides grown from seed was tried and grew well but the yield of seed was yery small and insufficient to crush for the determination of the quantity of oil present.

Young trees of Aleurites montana continue to do well and a large number are now ready for roadside planting, next year.

A stock of Camphor and Poinciana regia was raised from seed, they will be kept in readiness for the proposed planting of the new Fan Ling-Sha Tau Kok Road in 1925.

The Smooth Cayenne pineapples fruited well and a small number of young plants were distributed at the end of the season. This particular pineapple which has been so successfully grown in Honolulu is without doubt one which could be grown in the Colony for commercial purposes, the fruit is much heavier than that of the local species and of a superior flavour.

Some trees of Buddha's "Finger Citron"(Citrus Medica, var. Cherocarpus) which were procured from Wat Nam in 1922 produced about 30 very large fruits.

Inspection of Nursery Stock:-Between the months of July and November a very large number of bulbs of Narcissus Tazetta

N 11

grown in Amoy district and intended for export to the United States of America, Honolulu, Canada and the United Kingdom, were examined by this Department.

A total of 1,465,360 bulbs packed in 11,661 cases were ins- pected for dangerous insects and fungoid diseases; only a few small consignments were detained for reconditioning.

SEED COLLECTION.

Seeds of the following trees were collected for departmental use and for exchange. Poinciana regia 35 pounds, Camphor 50 pounds, Tristania conferta 24 pounds, Sterculia lanceolata 7 pounds, Melaleuca Leucadendron 6 pounds, Callistemon rigidus 13 pounds, Bauhinia variegata 5 pounds, Albizzia Lebbek 31 pounds.

No seeds of Pinus Massoniana are now collected locally, as it has been found that they can be purchased from Pok Lo a price working out at considerably less than cost of collection in Hongkong.

EXCHANGE OF SEEDS, ETC.

The Department is indebted to the following donors of seeds, plants &c :-The Director, Melbourne Botanic Gardens, Victoria, Australia; Curator, Lloyd Botanic Garden, Darjeeling, India; Dr. P. J. S. Cramer (Director, General Experiment Station, Buitenzorg, Java); Captain H. J. Case of S.S. "Suncliff" and Messrs. H. Humphreys; A. E. Hodgins; R. Stuart Cope (France) and K. J. Back (Australia).

The following were the principal recipients:-Director, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; Melbourne Botanic Gardens, Victoria, Australia; Depar.ment of Agriculture, Territory of New Guinea; Horticultural Section, El Giza (Mudiriya), Egypt; Superintendent, Government Botanic Gardens, Bangalore, India; The Acting Agriculturist, Kuala Lumpur, F.M.S.; Professor H. H. Chung, Department of Botany, Amoy; Dr. P. J. S. Cramer (Director, General Experiment Station, Buitenzorg, Java); The Little Sisters of the Poor, Kowloon; The Superioress, Italian Convent; Sir Robert Ho Tung; His Honour Mr. Justice Gompertz; Shaukiwan and Bay View Police Stations; Quarry Bay School; Pok Ngoi Hospital, N.T.; Un Long School, N.T.: Canton Teachers College, Canton; Dr. F. Kew; and Messrs. Chas. Button (Essex, England); Roger Nason Orlands, U.S.A.); R. Stuart Cope (France); L. S. L. Fraser (Victoria, Australia): D. J. Fullaway (Honolulu); W. H. Harrison (Pusa, India); George Wright (Australia); Hans Guyot (Seville, Espagne); P Baker; W. J. Kerr; Ho Kam Tong; S. M. Westlake; H. P. Winslow; L. Gibbs; H. B. L. Dowbiggin and H. Humphreys.

N 12

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE,

A statement of the Revenue collected by the Department and a comparison of Revenue and Expenditure are given in Tables IV and V.

STAFF.

The Superintendent Mr. H. Green returned to the Colony and resumed duty on March 7th after nine months' leave and relieved Mr. W. J. Carrie who undertook the administration of the Department during the absence of the Superintendent.

Mr. F. L. Squibbs was appointed to fill the vacant post of Assistant Superintendent and arrived in the Colony on June 15th and commenced his duties on the following day.

Mr. J. L. King was appointed to the new post of Assistant Supervisor on June 17th.

The Head Forester Mr. Li Kam Fuk was invalided owing to ill-health on October 31st; Mr. Chan Pui Assistant Head Forester was appointed to fill the vacancy.

The new post of Assistant Head Gardener was filled by Mr. Ng Shu Fung, who resigned after four months service and was succeeded by Mr. Liu Shun.

16th June, 1925.

H. GREEN, Superintendent

Table I.

RAINFALL, 1924.

Botanic Gardens.

N 13

DATE.

Jan.

Feb. Mar. April. May June

July Aug. Sept.

Oct.

Nov. Dec.

inch.

inch. inch.

| inch. inch. inch. inch.

inch. inch. inch

inch. inch. | inch.

.28

:

2,

.05

.01

3,

.53

.15

...

4,

5,

.05

6,

1.73

7,

.25

8,

...

9,

10,

11,

12,

13,

.04

14,

.17

15,

.01

.21

16,

.45

ANER: : 2: W

28

.01

.01

.03

.01

.05

.02

8: 3288: 22⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀

.10

.10

.92

.31

.03

.11

೫ : : : : : : : :

.20

.67

.75

88

.43

.06

2.19 .84

89 8* : : : 88

.08

.05 .01

.10

.45

.40

.67

.06 .65

6.85

1.17

.14

.41

.07

1.07

1.80

1.01

.32

.08

1.44

.02

1.13

2.39

.43 .51

.78

.25

...

...

2.18 .02 5.07 .29 1.55

1.00

1.40 2.18 .02 1.19

.18

:.

.03

.10 .01

25 8 ཙ :༄ཙྪུ ཎྜ

.02

.01

.36

.01

31

...

Table I,-Continued.

-N 14-

DATE.

Jan.

Feb.

Mar. April May June July Aug. Sept.

Oct. Nov. Dec.

inch.

inch.

| inch. inch. inch. inch. inch.

inch.

inch. inch. inch. inch.

17,

.07

18,

.12

1.14

19,

.13

.57

1.68

20,

.12

.19

21,

.23

1.90

22,

23,

24,

25,

.04

26,

.23

27.

.44

28,

29,

.03

30,

.04

31,

.40

ོའ ་ྲག

.13

6.49

.15

.04

.70

48

.06

-ಜಿಸಿ : : : : : :

.88 .12 .08

1.45

.07

.52

.62

3.92 1.45

.49

.01

.01

.71

1.27

.17

.03

1.24

1.20

1.19

.60

.01

.21

.88 7.43

.69

.52

.24

.23 1.96

.47

.93

.07

.01

1.35

.07

.04

.35

.07

.14

.15

,70

1.20 .95 .04 4.12

1.01

Rainfall for First Quarter 6.35 inches on 34 days; for Second Quarter 45.91 inches on 48 days; for Third Quarter 42.81 inches on 57 days; and for Fourth Quarter 10.44 inches on 12 days. Total for the year 105.51 inches. Average for the last ten years at the Botanic Gardens--97.65 inches.

Total rainfall registered at the Hongkong Observatory, for the year-99.44 inches.

Village or District. Block. Compartment.

Table II.

FOREST GUARDS' SERVICE: OFFENCES.

REPORT OF

Cattle

grazing in

plantation.

Victoria,

A.B.D.G.

10

Wongneichong,

A.B.C.D.E.F.G.

22

Shaukiwan,.

A.B.C.D.E.F.

Tytam,.

C.

Stanley,

F.

Aberdeen,

Pokfulam,

Kowloon,.

Harbour Belt,..

A.B.C.D.E.F. B.C.D.F.G.

A.B.C.

A.B.C.D.E.

Cheungshawan,

Kanghau,

New Territories,

12

Ni Gaxoan 25

7

11

19

34

* N

24

44

2

1

3

55

25

12

1

4

6

1

1

Assault on

Forest

Guard.

1

I

Total for 1924:,.

166

83

2

134

10

13

10

5

17

2

Total for 1923,... 117

69 36

156

6

3

1

N 15

N 16

Table III.

POLICE COURT RESULTS.

Case:

1924.

1923.

50 cents to $1 fine

12

44

$1.50

$2

36

65

""

$2.50

$3

41

34

$4

$5

66

33

"

$6

$11

$10

$15

27

16

"

15

$20

$25

>>

3

1

4

""

$50

2

""

$60

$100

1

17

"

1

1 to 4 days' imprisonment

19

17

5 7

77

55

22

"}

8 14

63

27

"

3 weeks'

""

3

2

4

6

1 month's

??

2

>>

3

1

1

2.2

4

Discharges

Cautions

Forfeiture of Bail

Received 6 Strokes

Personal Bond

Case dismissed

Withdrawn

Recommended for Banishment

18

28.

17

35

40

36

6

2

1

1

1

Total

.449

406

1?

REVENUE.

N 17

Table IV.

REVENUE.

1924.

1923.

C. $ c.

Timber Sales,

5,591.43

8,533.10

Sale of Plants,

1,598,74

850.05

...

Loan of Plants,

Forestry Licences,

Inspection of Nursery Stock, Interest on Current Account,

Forfeiture,

Fine Fund,

570.12

696,42

3,365.31

4,744.11

1,495.00

1,005.00

10.99

2.04.

25.00

22.20

18.04

Total,

$13,038.79 15,848.76

Year.

Table V.

Comparative Statement of Revenue and Expenditure for the years 1915-1924.

Total Expenditure. Total Revenue.

% of Revenue to Expenditure.

$ C.

$

C.

%

1915

49,404.56

6,871.67

13.19

1916

47,325.89

7,034.67

14.86

1917

51,253.82

7.294.49

14.23

1918

51,967.08

6,282.45

12:09

1919

51,457.65

8,307.77

16.16

1920

55,975.49

8,547.76

15.27

1921

61,428.11

10,657.86

17.35

1922

71,223.47

12,464.32

17.50

1923

77,157.40

15,848.76

20.54

1924

86,516.80

13,038.79

15:07

Appendix O.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF EDUCATION

FOR THE YEAR 1924.

SUMMARY OF CONTENTS.

Introductory.

Staff.

Pupils in Government Schools.

British Schools.

English-Teaching Government Schools (for other than

British pupils).

Grant Schools.

Vernacular Schools.

Normal Schools.

The Technical Institute.

Handicrafts.

Board of Education.

Board of Examiners.

Health.

Buildings.

Revenue and Expenditure.

Annexes.

A. Report of the Inspector of English Schools.

Director, Technical Institute.

B.

7"

"1

C.

""

";

Inspector of Vernacular Schools,

D.-

73

Urban Districts.

Inspector of Vernacular Schools,

Rural Districts.

TABLES.

I.-Board of Education. II. Board of Examiners. III.—Government Schools. IV. Grant Schools.

V.-Subsidized Schools in the Colony.

VI.

J"

17

New Territories.

VII.-Chart shewing numbers in Schools 1901-1924. VIII.-University. External Examinations.

IX. Technical Institute.

X-XIX.--Scholarship Accounts.

ة

REPORT OF THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT, 1924.

INTRODUCTORY.

It may be of assistance to those who seek information on matters concerned with local education from the following annual report if I preface it with a few remarks on some of the aims and difficulties of educational administration in this Colony.

The numbers and circumstances of British children in this distant Colony make it at once feasible and desirable to provide them all with an education in Government Schools as nearly as possible equal and similar to what they could find at home, until such age as they are called on either to go home, or to seek employment locally. It is natural that parents should take an early opportunity of sending, or better still of taking, their children to be educated in their own country; and consequently inevitable that most of our British children should be leaving at an early age. At the end of last year there were 415 British children at school here, of whom only 101 or 24.3 per cent, were over 12 years old. It is true that an increasing number of British children are finding local employment direct from school, but it is a matter for regret that of those who remain in the Colony, only a small proportion stay at school after their services have once become of marketable value. This is bad for the pupils and discouraging to the staff.

Other communities for which separate provision for educa- tion is needed are the Portuguese and the Indian. The children of the former usually attend one or other of the Roman Catholic schools which are privately managed but assisted with Government Grants. The Indian children usually attend the Indian School at Sokunpo, which was erected by the late Sir Ellis Kadoorie, and handed over by him to be managed by the Government.

The problem of Chinese children is different. Their numbers are so large that it is impossible for the Government to take charge of the education of all. The principle adopted is to endeavour to set a good standard of work in Government Schools while giving assistance by grants or subsidies to all private schools which reach the required modest standard of efficiency.

Our task then, as regards Government Schools, is to obtain an adequate and qualified staff and a suitable curriculum: as regards private schools to give such assistance as we may without unduly limiting their freedom.

In a Colony like this, where the demand for education exceeds the supply, there is a temptation for teachers and managers to try to take an excessive number of pupils. For

classes, the maximum number allowed is 30 in Government Schools, 40 in Grant Schools and 50 in other schools, and it is hoped that with increased facilities there will be no further excuse for exceeding these numbers.

In schools, as in classes, the temptation to excessive num- bers exists, but less in private than in Government Schools, which feel an obligation to meet public demands and are not so severely limited by economic necessities. It is a question whether any attempt should be made to enlarge these beyond the limit of one man's supervision, and of mutual interest and sympathy throughout the school. It must remain a matter of opinion what that number is, whether 1,000, 500 or 250 or less. but I think there is no doubt that the larger figures must spell some loss in necessary attention to the individual pupil.

1

In Chinese as in British schools there is a further tempta- tion for parents, teachers and pupils to seek a short road to the acquisition of means of livelihood. This carries with it two attendant dangers, first that the foundation of the pupil's life, which can only be based on an understanding of his mother tongue, will be deserted too soon for the more immediately profitable study of English, and second, that external results will be sought in preference to real mental and moral progress. The first of these dangers has been noticed by recent commissions on native education in Africa and India, and here in Hongkong we have less excuse for neglecting, as we have greater reason for encouraging, the initial stage of a good understanding of their own language. Here, even more than in other countries, it is the necessary condition of any good education in a foreign tongue.

The second danger is more considerable, and more elusive. The final examination passed, the career safely entered, seem the natural goal of a boy's education, and parents, teachers, and pupils alike have accustomed themselves to look no further for evidence of a successful education. Indeed if external evidence is needed, the examination seems the most convenient and the fairest to all. It has recently been observed that whereas the opinion of a doctor is readily accepted as a test of health, the opinion of a teacher carries little weight as a test of education: and yet it should form the only true test. We can only say now that if the teacher can once deserve and command the confidence of the public, this test will be possible and we shall be near a solution of the problem.

*

;

It must be recognised that for the strength of any education we must look chiefly to the spirit which animates the staff and the pupils, and it will be too heavy a price to pay for official control, if it achieves efficiency and good discipline at the expense of spontaneity and personal inspiration. Nor can an education that is to succeed stop with the improvement of teachers and pupils: it can only achieve its greater successes if

0 4

the parents and the public can be interested in the work and inspired with some of the high aims which animate the teaching. In this respect our busy modern life puts us at a dis- advantage, and Hongkong suffers like other big business towns: business is too insistent, and leisure is too scarce: and material things are sought without time to reflect that these are only a material-out of which to build a life of goodness and beauty and mutual understanding.

1. Staff.

I took charge of the Department on February 22nd in the place of Mr. Irving, who then went on leave, after being in charge since April 30th, 1901, and retired on July 22nd.

Mr. de Martin was appointed an Inspector of English Schools on January 1st.

Mr. Li King Hong was appointed an Inspector of Vernacular Schools on February 20th.

Two new masters and eight new mistresses were appointed from England, and three mistresses resigned.

At the end of the year the staff consisted of :—

British.

Non-British.

Total.

Men.

Women. Men.

Women.

Inspectors.

3

3

6

Sub-Inspectors

9

9

Teachers

29

50

103

34

215

Total........

31

50

115

$4

220

The above figures show an increase of 5 British and 12 Non- British staff over 1923, but there was a continued difficulty in obtaining British masters from home: and the deficiency was made up by the appointment of temporary mistresses who did excellent work throughout the year.

The Chinese English-speaking staff is now mainly replenish- ed by the appointment of Students in Training at the University, and it is hoped that before long equal facilities will be given for the training of Vernacular Teachers, whom we have had in the past to obtain chiefly from Canton.

2. PUPILS IN GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.

Particulars and Statistics of the various Government Schools are given in Table III.

5

A.-BRITISH SCHOOLS.

One new British Junior School was opened at Quarry Bay in temporary premises kindly lent by Messrs. Butterfield and Swire pending the erection of the new school building.

The new building for the Central British School was completed early in the year, and provided 5 new class rooms.

The new Physics Laboratory was opened for use early in the year, and the Chemistry Laboratory was in

in use and nearly complete by the end of the year.

B.-ENGLISH-TEACHING GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS (FOR OTHER THAN BRITISH PUPILS.)

There were no noticeable changes in the work of these schools during the year. Efforts have been directed to raising the standard rather than to increasing the numbers. In fact these have been cut down considerably in some schools to avoid over-burdening any of the classes.

C.-GRANT SCHOOLS.

St. Stephen's Girls' School came on to the Grant List early in the year, leaving the St. Stephen's Boys' College and the Garrison School the only schools excluded from the supervision of this Department.

Statistics for the Grant Schools are given in Table II.

D. VERNACULAR SCHOOLS (Tables V & VI).

The number of private urban vernacular schools was 536, being 65 more than in the previous year, and of pupils 28,161. About one third of these viz. 168 schools with 10,180 pupils received subsidies from the Government.

The rural vernacular schools numbered 180, of whom 102 received subsidies. They maintain a precarious existence; owing to the poverty of the villages, and to the dearth of teachers, who if they have any abilities, are tempted to find a better market for them in the town.

7.-NORMAL SCHOOLS.

Normal Classes were held during the day at the Government Normal Schools for men and for women, and in evenings at the Technical Institute.

:

*

1

6

The numbers in attendance were:-

Technical Institute, Men: English

Women: English

1923.

1924.

23

16

17

11

""

Men: Vernacular Women: Vernacular

21

122

88

71

Vernacular Normal School, Men: Vernacular

41

43

Women: Vernacular. 21

49

29

245

207

F.-TECHNICAL INSTITUTE.

The Technical Institute continued to fulfil its useful and beneficent purpose of supplying instruction in various subjects, for those desiring the opportunity of evening study; and in the summer session the number of students attending reached 597, as against 526 in 1923.

G.-HANDICRAFTS.

Carpentry classes have continued throughout the year at the Central British School and much excellent work has been produced by the boys.

Cookery is taught at the Central British School and at the Belilios Public School.

Needlework is taught at the British Schools and at the Belilios Girls' School.

3. BOARD OF EDUCATION.

The Board held seven meetings during the year.

Capt. A. E. Watts was appointed an additional member of the Board on February 27th.

Mr. Teesdale Mackintosh resigned on July 26th and Mr. L. Forster was appointed in his place.

Mr. M. E. F. Airey resigned on December 5th and Mr. E. F. Aucott was appointed in his place.

4. BOARD OF EXAMINERS.

Mr. N. L. Smith, Mr. A. Dyer Ball, and Mr. Y. P. Law joined the Board during the year.

The Board met 26 times and held 12 Examinations of Hongkong Cadets and Police probationers, 10 Examinations of

0 7

F. M. S. Cadets and Police probationers, 16 Examinations of Interpreters and 16 Examinations of officers studying under the bonus regulations. In addition to this an Inspector of Vernacular Schools attended the Examinations of police officers at the Police Head Quarters every Tuesday afternoon.

5. HEALTH.

The school work was not seriously interrupted by epidemics during 1924, but three of the staff were unfortunate enough to have their summer holidays spoiled by an attack of typhoid fever. The summer term 'was cool but a hot September proved trying to staff and pupils.

Medical inspections of Government Schools have been conducted from time to time, when the service of one or other of the Government Doctors has been available for the work: but such work is necessarily intermittent and steps have been taken towards procuring a medical officer to give his entire attention to the work.

6. BUILDINGS.

Considerable progress was made with the building of the new Saiyingpun School, but the building of the new- Queen's College had to be further postponed, and the only work done there has been on site formation. The present Victoria British School stands on part of the new Queen's College site, and negotiations have been satisfactorily completed during the year for its removal to a pleasant position on the old Ewo gardens, part of the garden lot formerly belonging to Sir Robert Jardine.

Work was begun on the site of the new Quarry Bay British School towards the end of the year.

Among the Grant Schools, the authorities of St. Joseph's College have been making an important extension of the school buildings during the year, which provides for two laboratories, a School Assembly Hall, and a covered playground together with a new School Chapel-at a total cost of about $120,000, towards which a grant of $50,000 has been made by the Government.

7. REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

The only Revenue collected by this Department comes from school fees, which amounted in 1924 to $121,478.00.

The Expenditure was $932,924.65, an increase of $87,895.87 over the previous year. These figures do not include Expenditure on School Buildings or Furniture which are debited to Public Works.

The chief increases over 1924 were of $93,000 in Personal Emoluments, due chiefly to increase of European Staff, of $14,500 in Capitation Grants, and of $16,000 in provision for teaching of Physics and Chemistry.

Annexe A.

REPORT BY THE INSPECTOR OF ENGLISH SCHOOLS 1924.

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.

(Table III).

Queen's College. The Maximum Enrolment was 741 (828 in 1923).

The Average Attendance was 611 (680 in 1923).

In his report the Head Master writes,-

"An unusually large number of boys left during, and especially toward the end of, the year; so that the number in attendance at the end of November was reduced to 550. Almost without exception the 200 boys who left were in the senior school, mostly in Classes 2 and 3, and in practically every case the reason given for leaving school was financial stress and the necessity, owing to increased cost of living and higher rents, that these boys should find employment and SO make some contribution, as wage-earners, to the income of their respective families.

Discipline and control, as well as the general wholesome tone of the school were maintained at the usual high level of excellence.

The general health of the school was not quite as good as usual and there was an unusually large number of applications for short leave of absence on account of sickness.

Dr. Paterson examined 198 newly enrolled boys, and others requiring attention. Of these, 92 were recommended by him for further treatment by specialists on account of defective vision, and 86 were supplied with spectacles.

The establishment of the regular school clinic promised by Government will prove a great boon; meanwhile to the medical staff of the Alice Memorial Hospital I have to offer our

customary expression of thanks for their prompt attention to minor casualties and for their unvarying kindness in prescribing for boys suffering from slight ailments.

In our class-rooms and laboratories we have succeeded in maintaining an atmosphere of cheerful and interested work. And, although, judged by examination marksheets alone, results in certain sections of Classes 2 and 3 appear little short of disastrous, we feel that in other, and perhaps more important directions, we may justly congratulate ourselves upon having completed a year of quite satisfactory work and attainment.

In the recent examinations in Classes 8 (for beginners in English) to 4, we examined a total of 253 boys and of these, 228 reached the pass standard in the various branches of English and Chinese, and qualified for promotion. 55 boys took the general examination for Class 4, and of these 44 passed.

In Class 3, the junior class of the Upper School, our examinations were made even more searching than in previous years with the result that, out of a total of 158 boys examined, only 113 were considered fit for promotion to Class 2.

The University examinations, Junior Local and Matricula- tion respectively, have for some years taken the place of our old annual Class 2 and Class 1 examinations; and we enter for these University examinations every boy, without exception, who succeeds in obtaining a seat in either of these classes and who is in attendance at the end of the school year.

In Class 2, 94 boys sat for the Junior Local Examination. On the "Science" side 53 boys were presented and 33 passed.

In Class 1, out of 24 boys presented on the "Science" side, 12 succeeded in Matriculating, 1 was awarded a Senior Local pass and 11 failed, while on the "Commercial" side, out of a class of 18 boys, 8 matriculated, 2 obtained Sènior Local passes and 8 failed.

The Junior Local Candidates were this year awarded as many as 48 distinctions as compared with 26 last year, and in addition to 10 distinctions gained by Matriculation Candidates (as against 4 last year) two of these latter, Chang Tu-man and Tse Chan-yau, were awarded "Honours". Our Senior Prefect and Head boy of the school, Chang Iu-man, gained the President of China Scholarship and the Hongkong Government Educational Scholarship, while of the 6 Student Teacherships tenable at the University and now thrown open to competitors from all schools 4 have been awarded to our boys.

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· Games continue to be extremely popular, and foot-ball, basket-ball, volley-ball, tennis, cricket, swimming, running and boxing-each under the direction and control of specially interested masters-attract a keenly enthusiastic following.

The inter-class games in football and volley-ball, for both which each of our 25 sections entered a team, aroused the usual keen competition, and in swimming we did particularly well, especially when after the usual exciting contest our team succeeded in winning, for the sixth year in succession, the Coronation Swimming Shield.

The most encouraging feature of the games is the steadily increasing number of boys who take an interest in them, an interest that has now spread to practically every boy in the school instead of being confined, as was the case not many years ago, to a very small minority.

Sergeant Marriott still instructs in his particular form of the "noble art" while for "Chinese Boxing", instructors are provided by the Chinese Boxing Association.

Both classes gave interesting exhibitions during the year.

The Libraries and reading-rooms-English and Chinese- are still very popular.

The number of papers, periodicals and magazines has been considerably increased.

The "Yellow Dragon", still flourishing under the able editorship of Mr. Kay, is now in the 26th year of its existence.

All our social and charitable organisations continue to flourish and to play an important part in the life of the school.

The Old Boys' Association, under the Presidency of Mr. George Grimble, has increased its membership.

District Schools for Chinese Boys.-Ellis Kadoorie, Sai- vingpun, Yaumati and Wantsai. The common examination for Class 4 in these Schools, instituted two years ago, was again held, being conducted by the Head Masters of the Schools concerned. The examination is proving of great value.

Boys passing this examination may proceed direct to Queen's College.

Ellis Kadoorie School-The Maximum Enrolment was 747 (750 in 1923).

The Average Attendance was 670 (665 in 1923).

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The work during the year has been satisfactory. Out of 384 boys examined by the Medical Officer, 100 were found to require spectacles. Of 68 boys who sat for the Queen's College Entrance Examination to Class 3, 50 passed. The School won the Junior Basket Ball League and the "Small Boys'" Volley Ball League.

The Boy Scouts continue to flourish.

Saiyingpun School. The Maximum Enrolment (441 in 1923).

The Average Attendance was 421 (395 in 1923).

was 448

No fewer than 165, about 39 per cent. of the pupils, made full attendance. It is noteworthy that 9 have made full attendance for three consecutive years, and 56 for two con- secutive years.

The accommodation has been taxed to its utmost capacity— large numbers have been unable to secure admission. From the Summer vacation to the end of the educational year it was not possible to admit a single applicant, and after Class 4 left for Queen's College at the end of November, the School was full. As an indication of the demand which prevails, it is interesting to observe that there were 220 applicants for 60 seats in Class 8.

The high standard of efficiency for which this school is noted has been maintained. Handwriting, Map Drawing, and

English are specially good.

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The Class 4 "Leaving" examination which constitutes the entrance examination to Class 3, Queen's College, showed satisfactory results. All the entrants passed.

Games are confined to Volley-ball, Football and Swimming. For the second year in succession the Volley-ball team has not lost a single game, and it is again the holder of the Junior Volley-ball shield. Swimming was taken up assiduously during the warm season: launch picnics and train excursions have been, for many years, a feature of our school life.

Under the able leadership of Scout-master Kong, assisted by assistant Scout-masters Lam and Lau, good scout work has been done. Successful camps were held at Sai Wan, Taipo Market, Telegraph Bay, Pinewood, and Tsin Wan.

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During the Tsing Ming holidays a number of scouts were involved in a motor-bus collision, on the Castle Peak Road, while proceeding to camp at Un Long. Three were injured-one fatally. The accident, which cast a gloom over scouting, evoked world-wide sympathy. A special letter of commendation, addressed to Scout Master Kong, for devotion to duty and endurance under great trial and distress, was received from the Chief Scout, Sir Robert Baden Powell.

On the whole, the health of the school has been good: two cases of Diphtheria occurred-one amongst the Staff. Numerous minor cases

were treated at the Western Dispensary, the Government Civil and the Ho Miu Ling Hospitals.

The school continues to serve as the "Practising School" for the University.

During the year a Scholarship, to be called the "Chan Shek Shan Scholarship" and available in Class 3 from the end of 1925, was endowed by the late Mr. Chan Shek Shan.

Yaumati School.-The Maximum Enrolment was 292 (271 in 1923).

The Average Attendance was 269 (246 in 1923).

The tone and discipline of the School continue excellent. Health is generally good, except among boys from the New Territory, who are apt to suffer from malaria.

At the annual Examination in November, 261 boys were examined, and 247 passed.

At the examination for admission to Queen's College, 32 boys were examined, and 30 passed.

Sports are still popular, Football, Volley Ball and Swimming being generally played.

Wantsai School.--The Maximum Enrolment was 218-the same as in 1923.

The Average Attendance was 212 (198 in 1923).

The health and discipline continued good.

The Head Master reports a satisfactory year. Results of the Annual Examination were much better than in 1923.

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In the Annual Examination, of 191 examined, 181 passed; while 47, out of 48 examined, passed the Class 4 Examination.

Football, Volley-ball and Basket Ball have been played regularly. Swimming at North Point is becoming more popular year by year. The Annual Sports held in November were well contested.

Ellis Kadoorie School for Indians.—The Maximum Enrol- ment was 98 (101 in 1923).

The Average Attendance was 90 (94 in 1923).

The health and discipline have been good. Prefects render- ed valuable help in the playground, and in the garden, which maintains its popularity with the pupils.

At the Annual Examination 10 boys in Class 4 passed out of 12 examined. In the other Classes, of 74 examined, 70 passed. 8 boys in 8B were not examined. All written work shows a marked improvement. Reading, Colloquial and Recitation are good. Composition is fair. Grammar is weak. Urdu Reading and Writing are good and Colloquial Urdu is improving.

All boys take keen interest in Cricket, Football and Tennis. The Annual Sports held in March were very successful.

Gap Road School.-The Maximum Enrolment was 150 (177 in 1923).

The Average Attendance was 141 (150 in 1928).

Very satisfactory work was done throughout the school. At the Annual Examination 96% passed.

Discipline is very good and Attendance regular. Pupils proceeding to Wantsai School continue to do well.

Belilios Public School. The Maximum Enrolment was 559 (611 in 1923).

The Average Attendance was 507 (554 in 1923).

The Head Mistress reports that the health was good and discipline satisfactory.

Of 12 girls entered in Class 1 for the University Local Examinations 3 passed Matriculation. In Class 2, of the 14

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The

girls entered 5 were awarded Junior Local Certificates. work done throughout the school is highly satisfactory. Special mention might be made of the Cookery Classes.

The Head Mistress, Miss Clarke, resigned in July to be married. She joined the School as Assistant Mistress in December 1914 and was appointed Head Mistress in October 1919. Under her very able rule the Belilios Public School has in every way maintained the high position it has gained as a model school, and it is needless to say that we part with Miss Clarke-now Mrs. R. E. O. Bird-with very deep regret.

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OUTLYING DISTRICT SCHOOLS.

Taipo School. The Maximum Enrolment was 159 (152 in 1923).

The Average Attendance was 125 (105 in 1923).

The Head Master reports that discipline was excellent, and health fairly good. There has been a distinct improvement in the bearing and work of the pupils.

At the Annual Examination, of 90 examined, 64 passed.

The pupils continue to take an interest in the School garden.

Un Long School.-The Maximum Enrolment was 85 (74 in 1923).

The Average Attendance was 69 (64 in 1923).

The health of the School has been satisfactory and the discipline good. Of 37 boys examined at the Annual Examina- tion 32 passed. Arithmetic was good and Written Work was

neat and tidy.

Cheung Chau School.-The Maximum Enrolment was 71 (61 in 1923).

The Average Attendance was 61 (49 in 1923).

In the Annual Examination 52 boys or 89% passed. Throughout the School Writing is excellent. Arithmetic in Classes 7 and 8B was weak as was also Dictation in 8A. Discipline has been very good. Dictation tests might be given more frequently.

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BRITISH SCHOOLS.

Central British School. The Maximum Enrolment was 136 (116 in 1923).

The Average Attendance was 97 (97 in 1923).

The Head Master reports a very satisfactory year in every respect.

The Staff has been further strengthened by the addition of 1 Mistress and 1 Visiting Mistress (Housewifery and Cookery). Six Class Rooms were completed and Physics and Chemistry Laboratories were opened. All Class Rooms were furnished

with new desks of an improved pattern.

Of ten pupils, who sat for the Annual Examination, three passed Matriculation and 5 obtained Senior Local Certificates. In the Junior Examination six passed out of nine entered. One gained distinction in Arithmetic, Mathematics and Drawing. Results in Classes 3 to 6 were good.