Administrative Reports - 1915

ADMINISTRATIVE REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1915

Table of Contents

1 Finances

2 Trade and Shipping, industries, Fisheries, agriculture and Land

3 Legislation

4 Education

5 Public Works

6 Government and aided institutions

7 Institutions Not Supported By Government

8 Criminal and Police

9 Vital Statistics

10 Postal and Telegraph Services

11 General Observations

A Financial Returns

A(1) Finances

B Assessment

C Secretariat for Chinese affairs

D Harbour office

E Imports and Exports office

F Royal Observatory

G Supreme Court

H Police Magistrates' Court

I Land office

J New Territories

K Police and Fire Brigade

L Prison

M Medical and Sanitary

N Botanical and forestry

O Education

P Volunteer Corps (Not Published)

Q Public Works

R Post office

S Railway

 




HONGKONG.

REPORT ON THE BLUE BOOK FOR 1915.

I.-FINANCES.

The revenue for the year amounted to $11,786,106, being $378,474 more than the estimate and $778,833 more than the re- venue for the previous year.

Compared with the returns for 1914 there were decreases under every head with the exception of Licences and Internal Revenue and Miscellaneous Receipts. "Interest remained at nil.

The expenditure amounted to a total of $15,149,267, inclusive of a sum of $1,839,882 spent on Public Works Extraordinary, and of $3,062,388 charged to Railway Construction.

The detailed figures for 1915 are set out in the following

statements:-

HEADS OF REVENUE.

Light Dues

75,475.75

Light Dues, Special Assessment

93,008.43

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise

specified

9,075,359.04

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific

purposes, and Reimbursements in Aid

697,079.90

Post Office -

371,081.07

Kowloon-Canton Railway

316,696.14

Rent of Government Property, Land and

Houses

933,868.55

Interest

Miscellaneous Receipts

129,260.00

TOTAL, (Ordinary),-

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

- 11,691,828.88

94,277.85

TOTAL,

11,786,106.73

2

The total expenditure brought to account though not incurred solely on account of the year under review amounted to $15,149,268, being $2,662,497 over the estimate, and $4,393,043 more than the expenditure in 1914. Compared with the estimates there were decreases under 20 heads as against 5 heads where there were increases. The excess, amounting to $812,732, under Miscellaneous Services, was largely due to loss on subsidiary coins, of which coins to the face value of $5,900,000 were demonetized during the year (causing an excess over the estimate of $488,057); and to expenditure on account of the war which was not estimated for ($253,030). It was decided to charge further expenditure on Railway Construction to General Account and subsequently also to abandon the raising of a Loan of £250,000 under Ordinance No. 8 of 1913 which together account for an excess of $3,062,388 under Special Expenditure Railway Department not estimated for, while the Charge on account of Public Debt was exceeded by $55,152 on account of Interest on Advances for Railway Construction. Military Expenditure was less than the estimate by $167,230. The Imports and Exports Depart- ment decreased $206,583 on account of less opium purchased while the Harbour Department saved $160,705 on Special Expenditure by partial postponement of the scheme for acquisition of buoys in the Harbour. Other decreases were mostly due to savings on Personal Emoluments.

Governor

EXPENDITURE.

$

82,351.63

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legislature 85,380.82

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

Audit Department

Treasury

Harbour Master's Department

53,188.73

31,058.99

67,693.25

257,325.24

Imports & Exports Department Royal Observatory

Miscellaneous Services-

Judicial and Legal Departments

Police and Prison Departments

777,935.52

23,233.12

1.724.993.78

268,167.94

940,214.29

Medical Departments -

228,200.17

Sanitary Department

343,903.19

Botanical and Forestry Department

49,404.56

Education

328,072.09

Military Expenditure

2,151,388.70

Public Works Department

Do.

Recurrent

Do. Extraordinary

Post Office

Kowloon-Canton Railway

Railway Special Expenditure,

Construction

Charge on account of Public Debt

Pensions

Charitable Services

TOTAL,

399,700.76

558,448.03

1,839,882.01

407,721.09

297,265.97

K.C.R.

3,062,388.59

794,002.86

339,049.40

38,296.81

$15,149,267.54

7

3

The deficit on the year's working was $3,363,161, and the balance of assets and liabilities showed on the 31st December a debit balance of $452,686.

The following is a statement of the revenue and expenditure of the Colony for the five years 1911-1915:-

1911

1912

1913

1914

1915

Revenue.

Expenditure.

$

$

7,497,231

7,077,177

8,180,694

7,202,553

8,512,308

8,658,012

11,007,273

10,756,225

11,786,106

15,149,267

The capital expenditure on the British Section of the Kowloon- Canton Railway during 1915 was $506,346, chiefly in connection with the erection of a terminal station. The total expenditure on this account amounted at the end of the year to a sum of $14,602,007, of which $11,539,618 was obtained from the Wuchang Loan and the balance $3,062,389 charged to the general expenditure of the Colony.

The amount of the consolidated loan stands at £1,485,732. Against this there is at credit of the Sinking Fund a sum of £210,855.

No new taxation was imposed during the year.

For the year commencing 1st July, 1915, the existing valuation was adopted, the difference in rateable value being the result of interim-assessments and appeals.

Increases.

The Hill District, $3,160 or 0.97%.

Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, and Quarry Bay, $4,459 or 1.18%. Hongkong Villages, $11,102 or 6·73%.

Yaumati, $4,855 or 1'49%.

Mongkoktsui, $14,040 or 7.13%.

Hung Hom and Hok Un, $1,780 or 0.59%.

Kowloon Point, $24,705 or 4.21%.

New Kowloon, $1,821 or 1.78%. Kowloon Villages, $385 or 0'42%.

Decreases.

The City of Victoria, $171,040 or 143%.

The rateable value of the whole Colony amounted to $14,305,370 being a decrease of $104,733 or 0.72%.

There were 299 appeals against the adopted assessments of 1,516 tenements, and reductions aggregating $355,796 in rateable value were made by order of the Court.

For the period 1906-1915 the assessment of the whole Colony has risen from $10,969,203 to $14,305,370, an increase in value of 30.41%.

The circulation on the 31st December of notes of the three Banks having authorised issues was as follows:-

Hongkong & Shanghai Bank,

Chartered Bank of India, Australia, & China, Mercantile Bank of India,

$21,793,806

6,976,548

1,074,231

$29,844,585

The currency of the Colony consists, in addition to the notes of these Banks, of British, Hongkong, and Mexican Dollars and of subsidiary coin.

The rate of discount on Hongkong subsidiary coin, as compared with notes, varied during 1915 between the following limits :-

50 cent-pieces 6 per cent. to 134 per cent.

20

10

6776

7 75

"

"

5

61

"2

Copper coin

par.

19

181 191

""

12

151

>>

par.

Compared however with the Mexican Dollar which is the standard of the Colony the variations were as follows :-

10

""

50 cent-pieces 4

per cent. to

20

51

31/1

010000100

51 per cent. 10/1/1

>>

""

21

111

"

"3

4

وو

71

""

""

""

par.

5

27

Copper coin

par.

It will be seen therefore that bank notes were at a premium varying from 24 per cent. to 8 per cent.

The total issue of these coins, less those demonetized, now amounts to $26,292,370 nominal value, and they were up to the year 1905 readily absorbed at par, large quantities being taken by the neighbouring provinces of China. During 1915 ten cent pieces of the face value of $5,100,000 were shipped to England for purposes of demonetization. The discount which has prevailed since 1905 may be attributed to the immense quantity of similar coin which has latterly been minted at Canton as well as to the amount of Hongkong coin minted largely in excess of the needs of the Colony by itself. In 1905 the Hongkong Government ceased to issue any subsidiary coin and in 1906 it began a policy of demonetising all its subsidiary coin received as revenue. This policy has been continuous- ly followed since except during a brief period in 1911. Coin to the face value of $17,707,459 has thus been redeemed. The total issue by the Hongkong Government was of the face value of about $44,000,000.

f

II. TRADE AND SHIPPING, INDUSTRIES, FISHERIES, AGRICULTURE AND LAND.

(a.)-SHIPPING AND TRADE.

The total of the Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1915 amounted to 531,602 vessels of 33,884,919 tons, which, compared with the figures for 1914, shows an increase of 14,163 vessels, with a decrease of 2,872,032 tons.

Of the above, 50,148 vessels of 22,515,023 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade, as compared with 51,214 vessels of 25,279,624 tons in 1914, and were distributed as follows:

1914. Numbers.

1915.

Numbers.

191-1. Tonnage.

1915. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going ships, 8.3%

7·9%

330 %

32.7 %

Foreign Ocean-

going ships,

8.2

7:3

33.9

311

British River

Steamers,

130

13:3

15.9

17.8

Foreign River

Steamers,

3.5

3.8

36

41

Steam-launches

(under 60

tons),..

13:4

13.7

10

11

Trading Junks, 536

54.0

12.6

13.2

100.0

100'0

100'0

100.0

N.B.-The movements of Fishing Junks are not included in the above figures.

Of vessels of European construction, 3,820 Ocean Steamers, 4 Sailing Ships, 4,283 River Steamers, and 3,437 Steam-launches entered during the year, giving a daily average entry of 316 ships, as compared with 324 in 1914, and 299 in 1913.

The average tonnage of individual Ocean Vessels entering the port has decreased from 2,612.1 tons to 2,519.9 tons. That of British Ships has decreased from 2,636 3 tons to 2,625 tons, while that of Foreign Ships has decreased from 2,5902 to 2,441 2 tons.

During the past 20 years, the average tonnage of Ocean-going Vessels has increased from 1,268 tons to 1,877 2 tons.

The average tonnage of River Steamers entering during the year has decreased from 582 1 tons to 4869 tons. That of British River Steamers has decreased from 6004 tons to 519 2 tons, and that of Foreign River Steamers has decreased from 513 5 tons to 414'4 tons,

6

A comparison between the years 1914 and 1915 is given in the following table:--

1914.

1915.

Increase.

Decrease.

Class of Vessels.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

No.

Reg.

No.

Reg.

Tonnage. Tonnage.

British Ocean- Į

4,265 8,321,692 3,988

7.358.586

277 963,106

going,

Foreign Ocean-

4,199 8,592,222 3,673

7,023,222

:

526 1,569,000

going,

British River

6,643 3,990,712 6,676 4,022,853

33 32,141

Steamers, Foreign River

Steamers,

1,777

913,270 1,892 928,147

115 14,877

Steamships

under60 tons

6,856

251,983 6,822 228,510

34 23,173

(Foreign

Trade), .....

Junks, Foreign

27,474 3,209,745 | 27,097 2,953.705

377 256,010

Trade,

.

47,018 1,214 2.811,619

Total, Foreign 51,214 25,279,624 50,148 22.515,023 148

Trade,

Steam-laun-

ches plying 438,174 10,279.456 446,938 10,022,806 8,764

in Waters of

Colony,

Junks. Local

Trade,

*28,051*1,197,871 †34,516 †1,347,090 | 6,465 149,219

:

256,650

Grand Total,... 517,439 | 36,756,951 531,602 33,884,919 15.377 196.237 1,214 3,068,269

Net,........ 4,163

***

2,872.039

* Including 10,230 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 503,932 tons.

10,082

";

"

**

of 505,660

-

This table shows a decrease in British Ocean-going Shipping of 277 ships, or 69 per cent., and a decrease of 963,106 tons, or 130 per cent.

British River Steamers show an increase of 33 ships of 32,141 tons or 0.5 per cent in numbers and 0.8 per cent in tonnage. This is due to these steamers making a greater number of trips.

Foreign Ocean-going vessels have decreased by 526 ships of 1,569,000 tons or 14.3 per cent. in number and 22.3 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to the absence of enemy ships and also the withdrawal from the Eastern Trade of the Pacific Mail Co's Steamers.

Foreign River Steamers show an increase of 115 ships of 14,877 tons, or 60 per cent. in numbers and 16 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to these steamers making more trips and also to the addition of the S.S. Shing Cheong.

Steam Launches in Foreign Trade show a decrease of 34 ships of 23,473 tons, or 05 per cent. in numbers and 103 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to one of the regular launches being off the run for two months,

-

7

Junks in Foreign Trade show a decrease of 377 vessels of 256,040 tons, or 16 per cent in numbers and 8.7 per cent in tonnage.

This decrease is probably due to the restrictions on Junks arriving and clearing.

In Local Trade (i.e., trade between places within the waters of the Colony) there is an increase in Steam Launches of 8,764 vessels with a decrease in tonnage of 256,650 tons or 19 per cent in numbers and 20 per cent in tonnage. This is explained by the fact that smaller launches have taken the place of the larger launches which are being used as Examination Vessels.

In Local Trade Junks there is shown an increase of 6,465 vessels of 149,219 tons or 172 per cent in numbers and 110 per cent in tonnage. This is explained by the fact that a better control is now exercised, as these crafts have to report themselves and get a permit to pass outward through the Examination Service.

The actual number of individual Ocean-going vessels of European construction entering during 1915 was 724, of which 310 were British and 414 were Foreign. In 1914 the corresponding figures were 825, 385 British and 440 Foreign.

These 724 ships measured 1,824,395 tons. They entered 3,824 times, and gave a collective tonnage of 7.181,699 tons. Thus there were 101 fewer ships and 402 fewer entries giving a collective ton- nage reduced by 1,286,910 tons, an average of 3,2012 tons per entry.

Thus :-

Steamers.

'Flag.

No. of Times entered.

Total Tonnage.

1914. 1915. 1914. 1915.

1914.

1915.

Steamers,... 383

British

Sailing,

2

3

Steamers,.. 188

264

826

308 2,130 1,989 4,168,538 3,669,800 2 7,249 5,419 972 2,114,494 2,253,086

Japanese

Sailing,

2

2

328

German,

96

350

691,852

Norwegian,

29

28

205

199

218,721 199,341

Austrian,.

11

30

98,693

Chinese,

23

38

224

236

271,727 271,183

Danish,

8

4

16

6

46,906 18,634

Dutch,

19

23

124

132

252,700 293,002

French,

22

25

154 164

248,280 230,242

Italian,

Portuguese,

7

71

59

32,968

34,547

Russian,

15

20

15

54,721

16,571

Swedish,

8

12

9

24,093

20,342

U.S.A. Sailing,

Steamers,...

13

15

60

39

236,624

169,204

1

1

1,043

Total,..

825

724 4,226 3,824 8,468,609, 7,181,699

The 310 British ships carried 2,790 British officers and 27 Foreign officers, the latter consisting of 5 American, 4 Dutch, 7 Swedish, and 11 Norwegian.

Thus the proportion of Foreign officers in British ships was 090 per cent. comprising 1 nationalities, an increase of 0'58 per cent., with a decrease in number of officers and of ships.

The 414 Foreign ships carried 3,312 officers, of whom 66 were British as follows:-

In Chinese ships

>"

Japanese ships-

United States ships

French ships

1914.

1915.

84

55

ī

4

94

66

Thus 199 per cent. of the officers serving in Foreign ships. were of British nationality, with a decrease in number of officers and of ships.

The nationality of the crews in British and in Foreign ships was as follows:

EUROPEANS

VESSELS.

BRITISH CREW.

AND AMERICANS.

ASIATICS.

1914.

1

1915. 1914. | 1915.

1914. 1915. 1914. 1915.

British... 385

Foreign.. 440

866

310 24,264 20,253

414 1,571 1,155 24,428 10,791 118,268|114,516

901135,214 128,160

Total

825 724 25,835 21,408 25,294 11,692 253,482 242,676

Hence in British ships :--

And in Foreign ships :-

1914. 1915.

1914. 1915.

15.13%

13.57% of the crews were British.

1.08 %

0.91 % of the crews

were British.

0.54 %

0.60% of the crews were other Europeans.

16.93%

8.53% of the crews

were other Europeans.

84.33 %

85-83% of the crews were Asiatics.

81.98 %

90.56% of the crews

were Asiatics.

TRADE.

The figures and statistics which here follow are not necessarily strictly accurate as they are derived from the reports by masters of ships, and not from ship's manifest, as they would be in the case of a port that was not free, and where all cargo would have to pass through a Customs House.

IMPORTS.

The Imports decreased by 280,750 tons or 67% which is of course due to the war entirely. This decrease is almost all a shortage from European countries as the local trade has been quite up to the normal, except in the case of Coal. Increases are shown in the following:-Beans, Rice and Timber; whilst decreases are shown under the following:-Coal, Cotton, Flour, Hemp, Kerosene both Case and Bulk, Liquid Fuel and General.

Beans. Here the increase is very slight and shows that the trade being a local one has kept normal.

Coal.-A very large decrease of coal has occurred and this is naturally due to the falling off in large Ocean Vessels taking bunker coal, and with less demand there has been less importa- tion. No coal has been imported from Great Britain but an increase is shown from Chinese ports.

Flour. A decrease is shown here of 56,597 tons. Again this is owing principally to the large stocks which were imported towards the latter part of 1914 and held over for a higher price. Also the ('hinese did not use as much flour as in 1914 owing to the apprecia- ble cheapening of the rice market. It is also due to high freights ruling and high cost of wheat in America.

Hemp. Here again a decrease is shown of 17,161 tons. Most of this shortage is probably transhipment cargo, as often hemp is transhipped here into Home boats.

Kerosene Oil. -Bulk Oil shows a decrease of 5,636 tons and Case Oil of 25,161 tons. The decrease shown in Bulk Oil is only a nominal one and means that the trade has maintained an even balance but Case Oil shows a heavy decrease due undoubtedly to the high freight rates ruling and the difficulty of getting tonnage, which would have the effect of considerably increasing the cost per case. Importers who had large stocks in hand at the beginning of the did not import hoping for more normal times. One cargo Hongkong was lost off the coast of Japan, and owing to the tempo- rary blocking of the Panama Canal, cargo destined to arrive in 1915 did not arrive until January, 1916.

year

for

Liquid Fuel.—A decrease is shown of 14,945 tons which is due entirely to the war, the withdrawal of the fleet and consequently small demand for this commodity outside merchant shipping. The fleet were practically the only consumers of liquid fuel out of this port.

Rattans. Here a decrease is shown, but in reality the im- portation has been about normal, the decrease shown being due to this cargo being classed as General.

10

Rice. There was an appreciable increase in the imports of rice accounted for by the exceptionally large crops gathered during the year both in Siam and Indo China, and the excessive demand from South China owing to the Floods and large tracts of rice land not being under cultivation. This again being a local trade, has

been unaffected by the war.

Timber. Here an increase is shown which is due to the falling off of stocks at the end of 1914, which have been more than made

up

this year.

Opium. The clearance of the old stock of certified opium has been proceeding quietly. Imports have come practically entirely from Shanghai. On the 1st October the Opium Suppression Com- missioner for the Provinces of Kwang Tung, Kiang Si and Kiang Su came to an agreement with the merchants forming the Opium Combine to purchase the whole of the stock of certified opium then lying in Hongkong. The export of certified opium is now therefore confined to deliveries to the Kwang Tung Government.

Malwa. Patna. Benares. Chests. Chests.

Imports,.... 125 Exports,

607

Chests.

45

12

371

147

Total.

Chests.

182

1,125

Eight hundred and fifty-two (852) chests of Persian opium were imported and 856 exported, the destination being either London or Formosa. 839 chests of uncertified Indian opium were imported from India, of which 500 chests were exported to Macao. The remainder was for the use of the Government Opium Monopoly. The table below shows the total imports and exports since 1908 :—

Stock in hand on 1st January.

Imported during

the year,

1915. 1914. 1913. 1912. 1911. 1910. 1909. 1908.

Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests.

2,256 4,580 5,560 7,587 7,123 1,509 5,808 4,707

1,873 3,059 9,108112,361421,286 31,743 |35,734

41,821

Total,...... 4,129|| 7.640 |14,668|| 19,9481 28,409 36.252 41,542 46.528

Boiled by Opium

Farmer,

36

667 1,113 761

782 1,014

SOL

Boiled by Govern-

ment.

340

413

Spurious

Opium

destroyed.

17

19

2

14

247

Missing or stolen,

4

19

2

9

Exported during

the year,

2,469

4.911 9,419 13,264420,061 28,333 (35,938

39.609

Total....... 2,826

5,383 10,088 14,3884 20.822 29.129 37.033 40,720

Stock remaining on

31st December,..] 1,303 2,256| 4,580 5,560 7,587 7,123 4.509 5.808

11

General. The decrease here of 47,562 tons is small, only amounting to 2%. This of course as in the preceding year is due entirely to the war and the small amount of goods being exported from European countries.

EXPORTS.

An increase is shown in Exports of 79,793 tons or 3%. This again is principally local, as trade has been particularly brisk between Hongkong, the Straits and India. Coast Ports have also had a large share of attention. But although an increase is shown for the year, export trade is still far below the average of 1913.

Transit Cargo.-The decrease in Transit Cargo which was very marked in 1914 has continued to decrease to a still greater extent this year, and the same reason must undoubtedly be given for it, viz., the falling off in large Ocean Vessels visiting the Port both from European and American ports.

Emigration and Immigration.

Sixty-eight thousand two hundred and seventy-five (68,275) emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1915 (76,296 in 1914).

Of these, 46,588 were carried in British ships, and 21,687 in Foreign ships.

Statement of Number of Emigrants to Straits Settlements, 1909 to 1915, compared with Total Chinese Emigration.

No. of Emigrants

to

1909.

1910,

1911,

1912,

1913,

1914,

1915,

Total No. of

Straits Settlements.

Emigrants.

48,016

77,430

76,705

111,058

,100,906

135,565

84,024

122,657

102,353

142,759

44.974

76,296

41,278

68,275

One hundred and nine thousand seven hundred and fifty- three (109,753) returning emigrants are reported to have been brought to Hongkong from the several places to which they had emigrated either from this Colony or from Coast Ports, as against 168,827 in 1914. Of these 82,057 arrived in British ships, and 27,696 in Foreign ships.

(b.)-INDUSTRIES.

(i.)-Under European Management.

Engineering and Shipbuilding.-The figures are as follows for the years 1914 and 1915 :----

Taikoo Dockyard and Eng. Co., Ld.,. Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co., Ld., Macdonald & Co.,

Kwong Fook Cheong,

Ah King,

12

1915.

3 vessels of 2,780 gross tous and 1,400 I.H.P.

5

2,488 33

"

1

3,240 70

""

>>

33

1 B

30

72

"

30

127

27

34

Kwong Hop Long,

Total,.

Taikoo Dockyard and Eng. Co., Ld., .. Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co., Ld., W. S. Bailey & Co., . Macdonald & Co... Tung Hing Lung,.. Kwong Sing Loong,.

23 vessels of 5,361 gross tons and 4,909 I.H.P.

1914.

12

9 vessels of 7,166 gross tons and 4,970 I.H P.

9

3,172 1,264 42

"

"

}}

་.

4,810 1,031 70

1

110

140

19

130

150

""

116

Kwong Tuck Cheong,

700

24

Ah King.

13

4

28

"}

13

Kwong Hip Lung Co., Ld.,

3

557

"

*

J

Kwong Lee,..

4

135

"

""

Total,..

210 1,450 34 1,200 280

59 vessels of 13,420 gross tons and 14,345 I.H.P.

The large decrease in the gross tonnage is due to the war, but it will be noticed that there is a small increase in the average ton- nage of the vessels constructed from 224 to 233 tons each.

Sugar Refineries.--The year 1915 was one of very high prices throughout, governed by the inflated level of raws. Consumption of refineds in consequence was naturally restricted, particularly in the China markets where substantial reductions were found necess- ary towards the end of the year. Japanese and Java competition was experienced, but not quite so acutely as formerly, total imports from Java showing a marked falling off.

It may be noted that, during the latter half of the year, the local Refineries took a larger share than usual in supplying British India and Persian Gulf markets with the highest quality of refined crystals.

Cotton Spinning-For the reasons stated in last year's report. the machinery of the local mill has now all been transferred to Shanghai, where the business is making satisfactory progress under the better cotton spinning conditions that apply there.

As regards Cotton Yarn, though marked by violent fluctuations in prices, the year was a fairly profitable one, both to foreign im- porters and to native dealers. At the close of last year the market was bad with the majority of the native dealers. As the Chinese New Year approached, however, matters impoved owing to arrangements with importers which contributed in no small degree to the more sound trade conditions which obtained during the rest of the year.

Below is appended a table of Arrivals, Sales, and Deliveries which shows that while the sales for the current year are about the same as those of 1914, the deliveries show an encouraging improvement:-

Arrivals, Sales, Deliveries,

159,000

105,000

177,000

Comparative prices.. 10s.,

$90-$105

208.,

$115-$130

1

13

A special feature of the year just closing is that Japanese yarn No. 20 has entirely driven out this count of Bombay yarn from the local market, so much so that during the past three months not a single bale of Indian 20s. has been negotiated in the local market.

¿

Rope.-Fair prices and a brisk demand have been the features of this market for the greater part of 1915 but latterly values of Manila hemp have risen rapidly and by the end of the year showed an advance of about 20 per cent. all round.

Prices of cordage have advanced in unison but it is feared that the increased cost will result in a reduced demand and a smaller business in the coming year.

Cement. There was a good demand throughout the year and had it been possible to obtain the usual supplies of limestone from Canton a much larger business could have been done. Prices have been well maintained in spite of the competition of inferior brands but export business has been greatly handicapped by scarcity of tonnage and high rates of freight. A large demand arose from Australia, owing no doubt to German supplies being cut off, but the business seems to have been overdone and collapsed very quickly.

(ii.)-Under Chinese Management.

Tin.-There are only five refineries operating. Imports from Yunnan amounted to about 7,000 tons and from Kwangsi to about 1,000 tons.

One thousand (1,000) tons were exported to Japan, 800 tons to Shanghai, and 5,700 tons to Europe and America.

There was also a small export business done with China Coast Ports.

Rattan and Fibre Furniture.-The business in chair export has declined about 50 per cent. in comparison with the preceding year on account of the war and high rates of freight. Business in sea grass and hemp has also fallen off considerably.

Native Tobacco. The output for the year under review has been well maintained and its use for the manufacture of cigarettes has increased by about 30 per cent.

Tinned Goods. The market has been less active and business has fallen off 20 per cent. in comparison with the preceding year.

Samshu.-The Superintendent of Imports and Exports reports that considerable increase as compared with the second half of last year has taken place in local production, while imports for local consumption have slightly declined.

Vinegar. The business has remained the same as in the pre- ceding year,

14

Knitted Vests and Socks.-The market has improved and busi- ness has increased about 30 per cent. Sale of Japanese manufactured articles has declined about 20 per cent.

Leather and Hides.-The price has advanced about 20 per cent. in comparison with the preceding year, and a fairly good business has been done in consequence of shortage of European leather in the Colony.

Ginger and Preserves.-This business declined considerably, about 40 per cent. in comparison with the preceding year.

Soy.---Exporters again report a poor market. Business has been reduced by 30 per cent, in comparison with the preceding year.

Paper.---Business has increased about 35 per cent. in conse- quence of shortage of the importation of European manufactured

paper.

Vermilion.This trade was practically at a standstill owing to

the war.

Lard. The trade in lard was normal, principally with Manila where Hongkong lard is accepted owing to the careful supervision exercised to ensure purity.

(c.) FISHERIES.

A considerable proportion of the boat population of Hongkong supports itself by deep-sea fishing, in which pursuit a large number of junks are engaged. The villages of Aberdeen, Stanley, Shauki- wan, and also many in the New Territories, are largely dependent upon this industry for their prosperity. Fresh water fish is im- ported from Canton and the West River. There are oyster beds of considerable value in Deep Bay.

(d.)-FORESTRY, AGRICULTURE AND BOTANY.

On the bare hills north of Samshuipo 47,000 pine tree seedlings, one year old, were planted, and in the same locality 22,000 pits were sown with pine tree seeds.

In the Tytam catchment area 14,000 pits were sown with pine tree seeds and at Aberdeen, Shunwan and Aplichau 29 lbs. of pine tree seeds were sown broadcast.

On grassy hills east of the south face of the Beacon Hill tunnel and around the Kowloon reservoir 272 lbs. of pine tree seeds were sown and 50 lbs. on similar hills near Fanling.

1916.

About 90,000 pine tree seedlings were raised for planting in

Six thousand broad-leaved trees were planted in the Tytam catchment area and about 1,000 in the Pokfulam catchment area.

Over 300 Poincianas were planted in various places in Hong- kong and Kowloon.

Between 1,800 and 1,900 flowering trees and shrubs were planted in conspicuous places in Hongkong in addition to the Poincianas.

15

Upwards of 1,300 trees were planted along the Fanling-Taipo Road. They consisted of Poincianas, Albizzia and Camphor.

Alongside the road leading from Castle Peak to Fanling 430 trees were planted consisting of Camphor, Poinciana, Ficus, Melaleuca and Albizzia.

On the hills in the vicinity of the Fanling Golf Course over 7,000 trees and shrubs were planted of which over 4,000 were planted to give an effect when in flower.

Creepers damaging trees in plantations on Mt. Victoria, Mt. Gough, Mt. Kellett and Mt. Parker were cut.

A large felling of pine and broad-leaved trees was made at North Point in order to enable material to be obtained for reclamation

purposes.

Large fellings were also made on Farm Lots purchased by the Dairy Farm Co. for the cultivation of Guinea Grass.

About 6,000,000 square feet were cleared of undergrowth at the expense of the Government in connection with anti-malarial mea-

sures.

In connection with survey work about 700,000 square feet were cleared.

In the economic garden at Fanling vegetables were grown for demonstration purposes. Several experiments were also made with

artificial fertilizers.

The first rice crop was good but the second was poor in many places owing to the lateness of the rains. Much damage was done to the latter crop by typhoons which occurred just before harvesting.

Lichees were below the average but peanuts were good.

(e.)-LAND GRANTS AND GENERAL VALUE OF LAND.

The net amount of premium received from sales of Crown land and pier rights for the year 1915 was $79,576 a decrease of $165,962 on the preceding year and $130,661 less than the average for the last five years. The principal items were $35,100 in respect of the site of Kowloon Permanent Pier No. 35, $10,665 for Kowloon Permanent Pier No. 34, $6,815 in respect of an extension to Inland Lot No. 1280, $4,206 for sale of Inland Lot No. 2138, and $4,086 for sale of Inland Lot No. 2139.

In the New Territories the net amount received for premium on sales of land was $13,242 being a decrease of $6,489 on the pre- vious year.

16

The number of deeds registered in the Land Office was 2,154 or 279 less than the previous year the total consideration being $30,250,789 as against $43,110,225 in the previous year.

The Government resumed several properties during the year chiefly in connection with the enlargement of the Central Police Station and for the extension of the Railway sheds and workshops. The total area of land granted during the year was 2854 acres of which 163 acres were situated in the New Territories; the total area of land resumed was 994 acres.

In the New Territories the demand for house sites and agricul- tural lots continues normal and several areas of swampy waste lands in the neighbourhood of Deep Bay have been sold by auction for the purpose of reclaiming and converting the areas into rice fields.

III. LEGISLATION.

Thirty-five Ordinances were passed during 1915, of which 14 were amendments of previous Ordinances.

The most important matters with which these Ordinances dealt were the Seditious Publications (Possession) Ordinance (No. 6), which makes knowingly possessing seditious papers an offence, and gives power to issue search warrants, the Estate Duty Ordinance (No. 16), the Post Office Amendment Ordinance (No. 17), the Asiatic Emigration Ordinance (No. 30), the Companies Ordinance (No. 31), the Deportation Ordinance (No. 35) which gives power to order departure of deportees by a particular ship, and the following ordi- nances necessitated during the continuance of the European war :— the Military Stores (Exportation) (No. 3) which provides a specific penalty for acts done in contravention of Proclamations prohibiting the exportation of certain articles and defines the term "Export the Declarations of Ultimate Destination (No. 9) which prevents the exportation to ostensible destinations in neutral countries in Europe of goods intended to be forwarded to enemy territory, the Alien Enemies (Winding up) Amendment (No. 11), the Trading with the Enemy Amendments (Nos. 12, 22 and 28), the Travellers Restriction (No. 19) which provides for the examination of persons entering and leaving the Colony, the deportation of persons ordered to quit the Colony and the registration of visitors at hotels, boarding-houses and clubs, and the Imporation and Exportation (No. 12).

>>

IV.-EDUCATION.

No important changes have taken place in the Education Department during the year under review. The Staff has been depleted by causes due to the war.

1

16

The number of deeds registered in the Land Office was 2,154 or 279 less than the previous year the total consideration being $30,250,789 as against $43,110,225 in the previous year.

The Government resumed several properties during the year chiefly in connection with the enlargement of the Central Police Station and for the extension of the Railway sheds and workshops. The total area of land granted during the year was 2854 acres of which 163 acres were situated in the New Territories; the total area of land resumed was 994 acres.

In the New Territories the demand for house sites and agricul- tural lots continues normal and several areas of swampy waste lands in the neighbourhood of Deep Bay have been sold by auction for the purpose of reclaiming and converting the areas into rice fields.

III. LEGISLATION.

Thirty-five Ordinances were passed during 1915, of which 14 were amendments of previous Ordinances.

The most important matters with which these Ordinances dealt were the Seditious Publications (Possession) Ordinance (No. 6), which makes knowingly possessing seditious papers an offence, and gives power to issue search warrants, the Estate Duty Ordinance (No. 16), the Post Office Amendment Ordinance (No. 17), the Asiatic Emigration Ordinance (No. 30), the Companies Ordinance (No. 31), the Deportation Ordinance (No. 35) which gives power to order departure of deportees by a particular ship, and the following ordi- nances necessitated during the continuance of the European war :— the Military Stores (Exportation) (No. 3) which provides a specific penalty for acts done in contravention of Proclamations prohibiting the exportation of certain articles and defines the term "Export the Declarations of Ultimate Destination (No. 9) which prevents the exportation to ostensible destinations in neutral countries in Europe of goods intended to be forwarded to enemy territory, the Alien Enemies (Winding up) Amendment (No. 11), the Trading with the Enemy Amendments (Nos. 12, 22 and 28), the Travellers Restriction (No. 19) which provides for the examination of persons entering and leaving the Colony, the deportation of persons ordered to quit the Colony and the registration of visitors at hotels, boarding-houses and clubs, and the Imporation and Exportation (No. 12).

>>

IV.-EDUCATION.

No important changes have taken place in the Education Department during the year under review. The Staff has been depleted by causes due to the war.

1

16

The number of deeds registered in the Land Office was 2,154 or 279 less than the previous year the total consideration being $30,250,789 as against $43,110,225 in the previous year.

The Government resumed several properties during the year chiefly in connection with the enlargement of the Central Police Station and for the extension of the Railway sheds and workshops. The total area of land granted during the year was 2854 acres of which 163 acres were situated in the New Territories; the total area of land resumed was 994 acres.

In the New Territories the demand for house sites and agricul- tural lots continues normal and several areas of swampy waste lands in the neighbourhood of Deep Bay have been sold by auction for the purpose of reclaiming and converting the areas into rice fields.

III. LEGISLATION.

Thirty-five Ordinances were passed during 1915, of which 14 were amendments of previous Ordinances.

The most important matters with which these Ordinances dealt were the Seditious Publications (Possession) Ordinance (No. 6), which makes knowingly possessing seditious papers an offence, and gives power to issue search warrants, the Estate Duty Ordinance (No. 16), the Post Office Amendment Ordinance (No. 17), the Asiatic Emigration Ordinance (No. 30), the Companies Ordinance (No. 31), the Deportation Ordinance (No. 35) which gives power to order departure of deportees by a particular ship, and the following ordi- nances necessitated during the continuance of the European war :— the Military Stores (Exportation) (No. 3) which provides a specific penalty for acts done in contravention of Proclamations prohibiting the exportation of certain articles and defines the term "Export the Declarations of Ultimate Destination (No. 9) which prevents the exportation to ostensible destinations in neutral countries in Europe of goods intended to be forwarded to enemy territory, the Alien Enemies (Winding up) Amendment (No. 11), the Trading with the Enemy Amendments (Nos. 12, 22 and 28), the Travellers Restriction (No. 19) which provides for the examination of persons entering and leaving the Colony, the deportation of persons ordered to quit the Colony and the registration of visitors at hotels, boarding-houses and clubs, and the Imporation and Exportation (No. 12).

>>

IV.-EDUCATION.

No important changes have taken place in the Education Department during the year under review. The Staff has been depleted by causes due to the war.

1

17

The total number of pupils at schools in the Colony excluding the Police School and the uncontrolled schools in the New Terri- tories are:-

Number of Pupils in

Total.

English

Vernacular

Schools.

Schools.

Government Schools,

2,409

2,409

Military Schools,

114

114

Excluded Private Schools,

605

605

Grant Schools,

1,560

2,054

3,614

Controlled

Private

Schools,

2,500

8,944

11,444

Controlled

Private

Schools, New Terri-

tories,

1,094

1,094

Technical Institute,

576

576

Total, -

7,764

12,092

19,856

The most important schools, apart from the excluded schools, are Queen's College for Chinese, four District Schools its feeders, one being the Ellis Kadoorie School, and the Belilios Public School for Chinese girls. There is an Indian School of growing importance. Kowloon School and Victoria School for children of British parent- age have an average attendance of about 120. There is also a small school for the children of the Peak District. The Diocesan School and Orphanage and St. Joseph's College are important boys' schools in receipt of an annual grant. The Italian, French, and St. Mary's Convents, and the Diocesan Girls' School, are the most important of the English Grant Schools for girls.

The Hongkong Technical Institute affords an opportunity for higher education to students who have left school. Instruction was given in 1915 in Mathematics, Machine Drawing and Building Con- struction; in Chemistry, Physics and Electricity; in Commercial English, Logic and Political Economy; in French, Shorthand and Book-keeping; and in Translation from and into Chinese. Classes in Sanitation (Publical Hygiene) and First Aid to the Injured are also held, the examinations being conducted under the auspices of the Royal Sanitary Institute, London, and of the St. John Ambulance Association respectively. Classes for Men and Women Teachers are a feature of the Institute.

The Lecturers are recruited from the members of the Medical and Educational faculties of the Colony, and from the Department of Public Works, and receive fees for their services. The Institute is furnished with a well equipped Chemical Laboratory and excellent Physical apparatus.

19

an exceptionally large equipment of machinery and apparatus, and has fourteen laboratories and workshops in working order. There is practically no place in China where students have such an opportunity of seeing all kinds of machinery in actual working and of learning their practical management.

The University insists upon all students having a proper knowledge of their own language although instruction at the University is carried out in English. Students are required to pass an examination in written Chinese before entering, and two Chinese Professors, both Hanlin graduates, give lectures on the classics and history of China.

V.-PUBLIC WORKS.

The New Magistracy, a description of which was given in last year's report, was completed, the Courts being opened on the 26th April. The Married Quarters for Police in Caine Road were also completed and occupied during the year. They consist of a three-storeyed block of 9 flats, four flats containing 4 rooms and five containing 3 rooms, each with kitchen and servants' quarters com- plete. An extension to Victoria Gaol, consisting of a four-storeyed block, was completed during the year. The ground storey is open all round so that it can be utilized as a work-shed whilst each of the three upper storeys contains 26 cells. The total number of cells is thus 78. The school in the Hill District, situated at the junction of Gough Hill Road and the Aberdeen Road, was completed during the year. The building is one-storeyed and contains 3 class-rooms and 2 sets of Mistresses' Quarters of 2 rooms each, with kitchen, ser- vants' quarters, &c., complete. New P.W.D. Stores situated in Bullock Lane, Wanchai, were completed during the year. comprise an extensive store-yard (182 acres), containing a large open shed for the storage of heavy materials, a two-storeyed building for the storage of small stores, with oil store and office for the Inspector of Stores, and quarters for the Storekeeper and his staff. The low-power Wireless Telegraph Station at Cape D'Aguilar was completed and occupied during the year. The station comprises 2 buildings: the one a one-storeyed building containing the wire- less apparatus, engine-room, battery-room, oil-stores, &c., and the other a two-storeyed building, containing the quarters for the opera- ting staff.

They

Accommodation for a Land Bailiff was provided at Tai Po by adding a storey to the Land Office. The quarters consist of a living room and two bedrooms, with the necessary verandah, bath-room and other subsidiary accommodation.

A Police Station at Lok Ma Chau was completed. The build- ing is two-storeyed and contains accommodation for a sergeant (3 rooms and two bath-rooms), one European constable (2 rooms and a bathroom), 10 Indian constables, 8 Chinese constables and 6 Chinese boatmen besides a charge-room, two cells and a small store- room. A subsidiary wing contains the necessary kitchen, servants' and other accommodation.

20

The erection of a further terrace of six two-storeyed houses on the east side of Happy Valley for quarters for Subordinate Officers was begun and extensive resumptions of property, costing $244,362. 60, were carried out with a view to extending the Central Police Station.

The Mongkoktsui Breakwater and contingent works were com- pleted in August, a stone commemorating the event being laid by His Excellency Sir F. H. May, K.C.M.G., LL.D., on the 16th Decem- ber. The works were completed in two months under the con- tract time of five years.

The total expenditure to the end of 1915 was $2,181,571.91, a small balance remaining to be paid in 1916, to cover which and other small items, a sum of $30,000 has been provided in the 1916 Estimates.

The breakwater is 3,325 feet in length and encloses an area of 165 acres.

Entrances to the refuge are provided at both ends of the breakwater, the southern being 390 feet and the northern 300 feet in width.

In addition to the breakwater, the work comprised a concrete and masonry pier 450 feet long by 30 feet wide and a reclamation extending over a rocky shoal near the northern entrance. The reclamation has an area of 187,100 square feet and is protected partly by a pitched slope and partly by a concrete and masonry sea- wall. A short masonry pier-head projects from the reclamation.

The depth of water at the entrances at L.W.O.S.T. is 18 feet, the depth within the shelter varying from 9 feet to 18 feet,--82% of the enclosed area has a depth exceeding 12 feet at L.W.O.S.T. and 56% has a depth exceeding 15 feet.

The breakwater consists of a rubble mound 192 feet in width at the base, 20 feet at the top and 44 feet in height. It is faced above L.W.O.S.T. with concrete blocks on the outer side and coursed granite rubble pitching on the inner side and is paved on top with concrete blocks. A trench of an average depth of 9 feet was dredg- ed in the harbour bottom for the entire length and width of the base of the breakwater prior to the deposition of rubble. The rubble mound is composed of stone varying in weight from cwt. to 5 tons, the total quantity deposited being about 850,000 tons.

In all, 12,453 concrete blocks were used in the work, of which 11,379 were pitching and paving blocks of 2 tons each and the remainder principally foot-blocks for the inner slope, which were of the same weight. The foot-blocks for the heads of the break- water, which are of granite encased in concrete, are much heavier, weighing over 5 tons each and the foot-blocks for the outer slope are wholly of granite and weigh 33 tons each. The granite pitch- ing stones for the inner slope averaged ton in weight, 17,098 being used.

21

The large masonry dam of the Tytam Tuk Reservoir was. con- structed to a height of 49 feet above the stream-bed, or a total height of 90 feet from the lowest part of the foundations and, towards the end of the year, a considerable quantity of water was impounded. The laying of two additional cast iron pumping mains, 187 diameter, was completed. An extension of the pumping station buildings to accommodate the additional pumping machinery, the whole of which arrived from England, was nearly completed. The new boilers were set and a commencement was made with the erection of the pumping engines.

A new 20 foot road, a mile in length, extending from the old Aberdeen-Stanley road, in the vicinity of the Village of Little Hong- kong, to Deep Water Bay was completed and opened to traffic at the end of the year. In the City, Bonham Strand West and portions of Des Voeux Road Central and Chater Road were surfaced with 2′′ of Asphaltum on a cement concrete foundation. Several new streets, both in the City and in Kowloon, were formed, kerbed, channelled and surfaced.

In the New Territories, the road from Tai Po to Fanling was completed, including the two bridges referred to in last year's report. A commencement was made with the bridging of the Au Tau Creek, which will link up the two sections of road already constructed and connect Castle Peak District with Fanling, Tai Po and Kowloon Point. Portions of the road must however be considerably widened before the road can be opened for motor traffic. The widen- ing of a section of the road, extending from near Sheung Shui Train Halt to San Tin Village, (360 miles in length), was undertaken and was nearly completed by the close of the year. The road is being widened to 20 feet.

The extension of the road and the pier at Castle Peak Bay were completed.

Upwards of 4,600 lineal feet of streams were trained in the neighbourhood of Aberdeen, in the City and Hill District and in Kowloon. In the New Territories, the training of the streams in the vicinity of the Railway bungalows at Tai Po was continued. Various and considerable extensions of sewers in connection with new building lots were carried out in Hongkong and Kowloon.

The Repairing and Coaling Depôt for Government Launches, at Yaumati, described in last year's Report, was completed except the carriage and hauling gear for the slipway and the erection of the pier. It was decided to instal an electric capstan for hauling up vessels on the slipway. The ironwork for the pier did not arrive until the latter part of the year.

In connection with a proposal by the Hongkong and Kowloon Wharf and Godown Co. to erect a pier, having a depth of 30 feet alongside at the lowest tides, at their Kowloon Point premises, the Government undertook to dredge the berths alongside the pier and

22

some shoals obstructing the approach to it, the Company contributing $12,000 towards the cost. A considerable proportion of the dredg- ing had been completed by the close of the year.

The work of providing scavenging lanes was continued, com- pensation being paid where necessary.

Some small areas of leased Crown land were resumed in order to improve the alignment of certain streets.

Some progress was made with the Shamshuipo Improvement Scheme, which involves the entire demolition of the old village and the erection of new houses and other buildings on good, wide roads.

The construction of extensive additional filter beds and of a large service reservoir for the supply of the western section of the City, which was commenced at the close of 1914, was continued, the levelling of the site being completed and the excavation for the service reservoir commenced by the end of the year.

The construction of an additional filter bed in connection with the Kowloon Water Works was begun.

The total amount expended on Public Works Extraordinary was $1,839,882.01 and on works annually recurrent $558,448.03.

Railway.

The building of the new Terminal Station at Kowloon has made satisfactory progress during the year and it is expected to be opened to the public probably about April next.

A thoroughly up-to-date mechanical interlocking signal appar- atus has been installed in Kowloon Station Yard by the Railway Signal Company, Limited, and all signals within station limits as well as the Holt's Wharf level crossing gates are now controlled from a cabin situated at the north end of Kowloon Station Yard.

Repairs of a substantial nature to the embankment pitching on the coast line between mile 7 and 14 have now been completed and no further trouble may be expected from this source in the near future.

Owing to the late delivery from England of the permanent way materials required for the extension to the Locomotive Yard, this work has been delayed. The enlarging of the Paint Shop and Locomotive Shed was commenced and brickwork carried to roof level in readi- ness for the steelwork ordered from home which had not arrived at the end of the year.

The three new Main Line Locomotives ordered from England in 1914 arrived in the Colony in May and were erected and have rendered satisfactory service since they were taken over by the Traffic

23

Department. During March eight new coaches were added to the rolling stock, and underframes for four additional coaches were received during the year, and two coaches were completed and handed over by the contractors and the others were well in hand at the end of the year.

}

The year's expenditure chargeable to Construction Account was $638,995.11.

The working expenses amount to $297,265.97 and when compared with gross receipts show an increase the percentage for the previous year being 75-25 while for 1915 it was 86:47; this is due to the decrease in earnings and to unforeseen heavy expenditure on repairs to Manager's House, the widening of the Platform at Sheung Shui Halt, and the erection of an additional Shelter for passengers at that Station, all of which have been paid for out of Revenue. The amount to be paid for rent for the use of Shum Chun Station was agreed during the year and a sum of $10,478.81 was paid over to the Chinese Section being rent for accommodation for the period October, 1911, to June 30th, 1915.

The revenue derived from Local Traffic amounted to $129,094.83 or $2,286.59 less than 1914, and the earnings of Through and Joint Sectional Traffic were $207,622.20 or $18,114.41 below the previous year; this was mainly due to the decrease of 47,153 in the number of passengers carried as compared with 1914 which was an abnormal year owing to the depreciated Chinese Government notes being for some time accepted at face value by the Railway (Chinese Section). The Fanling Branch earnings. amounted to $7,052.05 or $438.24 less than last year.

The excess of earnings over expenditure for 1915 was $46.503.11.

Passengers booked by Stations in British

Territory to Stations in China, ...277,512 Passengers booked by Stations in China

1914.

1915.

271,382

to Stations in British Territory, ...353,722

326,839

Passengers travelling on the British Sec-

tion, Main Line,

..245,527 257,650

48,997 47.928

Passengers travelling on the British Sec-

tion, Fanling Bench,

VI.-GOVERNMENT AND AIDED INSTITUTIONS.

(a.)-HOSPITALS.

Government Hospitals consist of the Civil Hospital, to which is attached an isolated Maternity Hospital, the Victoria Hospital for Women and Children, and the Kennedy Town Infectious Diseases Hospital. There is an Observation Station capable of accommodat- ing 1,500 persons in the event of an outbreak of infectious disease on board a ship arriving in the Harbour.

24

The Civil Hospital contains 150 beds in 19 wards. 3,085 in- patients and 14,499 out-patients were treated during 1915 as against 2,742 and 13,828 respectively in 1914. 384 cases of malarial fever were admitted as against 324 in 1914 and 254 in 1913. But the total cases of malaria for all Government Hospitals and the Tung Wa Hospital shows an increase of 356 cases as compared with the year 1914. The Maternity Hospital contains 12 beds for Europeans and 4 for Asiatics. 212 confinements occurred during the year as against 261 in 1914. The Victoria Hospital at the Peak contains 41 beds, and during 1915, 158 patients were under treatment there. At Kennedy Town Hospital, which contains 26 beds, 5 cases were treated in 1915, all being small-pox.

(4.)—LUNATIC ASYLUM.

The Asylum is under the direction of the Superintendent of the Civil Hospital. European and Chinese patients are separated, the European portion containing & beds in separate wards and the Chinese portion 16 beds. 201 patients of all races were treated during 1915 and there were 4 deaths. ·

(c)—THE TUNG WA AND OTHER CHINESE HOSPITALS.

The Tung Wa Hospital, opened in 1872, is mainly supported by the voluntary subscriptions of Chinese, but receives an annual grant of $8,000 from the Government. Only Chinese are treated in this institution. Various other services not appertaining to a hospital are performed by the institution, such as the free burial of the poor, the repatriation of destitutes, and the organisation of charitable relief in emergencies. Chinese as well as European methods of treatment are employed in accordance with the wishes expressed by the patients or their friends. About half the number are now treated by Western methods. The hospital is managed by a committee of Chinese gentlemen annually elected, their appointment being submitted to the Governor for confirmation. It is under the supervision of a visiting physician, who is a member of the Medical Department, whilst a Chinese house surgeon, trained in Western medicine, is a member of the hospital staff. There are 323 beds in the buildings and 4,796 patients were accommodated during 1915.

The Tung Wa also maintain a branch hospital for small-pox cases (Chinese only) at Kennedy Town. It contains 58 beds and during 1915, 7 cases were treated.

The Alice Memorial and Affiliated Hospitals are managed and controlled by the missionaries resident in Hongkong, agents of the London Missionary Society, and consist of the Alice Memorial Hospital opened in 1887, the Nethersole Hospital opened in 1893, the Alice Memorial Maternity Hospital opened in 1904 and the

25

Ho Miu Ling Hospital opened in 1906. The number of in-patients in 1915 was 1,059 and the expenditure $15,787.90. The number of labours in the Maternity Hospital was 428. The Government makes a grant of $300 per annum to these Hospitals.

To avoid the complete seclusion from friends and relatives. which removal of Chinese plague patients to the Kennedy Town Infectious Diseases Hospital entailed, four District Plague Hospitals are now maintained by the Chinese in various parts of the Colony. These hospitals are under the management of the Chinese Public Dispensaries Committee and receive a grant of $2,000 a year from the Government.

The new Kwong Wa Hospital for Chinese in the Kowloon Peninsula was opened on the 9th October, 1911. It occupies a site having an area of 3 acres and provides accommodation for 210 patients. The existing buildings contain 70 beds and 1,904 patients were accommodated during 1915. The collection of subscriptions and the supervision of the building were undertaken by a special committee under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. The hospital receives a grant of $8,500 per annum from the Government.

As will be noticed from the remarks made under the heading Education the Hongkong University is an Aided Institution.

VII-INSTITUTIONS NOT SUPPORTED BY GOVERNMENT.

One of the most important institutions in the Colony not sup- ported by the Government is the Matilda Hospital, which stands on a commanding site of nearly three acres at Mount Kellet in the Hill District. It consists of a main building containing six wards with 26 beds, quarters for four nurses, a house for the Medical Officer in charge and an operation block. A Maternity Ward, connected by a covered way with the main building, is in course of erection. The total cost of the buildings and their equipment has been more than $600,000. The hospital was erected in pursuance of the directions of the late Mr. Granville Sharp, who died on the 16th August, 1899, and who by his will gave the residue of his estate, amounting to more than $2,000,000, in trust "for the erection and "maintenance of a Hospital at Mount Kellet in this Colony to the 'Glory of God, and the good of men; in loving memory of his saint- "ed Wife Matilda Lincolne, the same to be called Matilda Hos- "pital".

<

64

The management of the hospital is vested in a Governing Body consisting of:-

The Trustees for the time being of the will of the Testator, The Bishop of the Diocese.

The Chaplain of St. John's Cathedral.

26

The Minister of the Union Church.

Four additional members.

The objects for which the hospital is established are :--

(a) To provide carry on and maintain a hospital for the benefit of patients primarily who are poor helpless and forsaken and to provide gratuitous medical relief to any such person suffering from disease or ill-health.

(b) The hospital shall be considered to be established

as a Religious and Evangelistic Institution.

(e). The hospital is reserved for British. American, and

European Patients.

It was the express wish of the Testator that the hospital should be quite self-supporting, and be able to maintain itself, and that it should be absolutely unnecessary at any time during the continu- ance of the institution to appeal to the public in any way for funds for its maintenance.

Among institutions recognised and encouraged, but not to any considerable extent supported by Government may be mentioned the Pó Leung Kuk, the Eyre Refuge, the City Hall, and the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

The Pó Leung Kuk is a Chinese Society founded in 1878 for the suppression of kidnapping and traffic in human beings. It was incorporated in 1893 and is presided over by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs and not more than nine directors nominated by the Governor. The actual management is entrusted to a committee elected annually by the members of the Society. The Society's buildings have been declared a Refuge under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance, and almost all women and girls detained by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under that Ordinance are sent to the Pó Leung Kuk. During 1915 the number of persons. admitted was 567 and at the close of the year 75 remained under the care of the Society. The inmates are under the immediate charge of a Chinese matron, and instruction is given them by the matron and a Chinese teacher in elementary subjects and in needlework.

The Eyre Diocesan Refuge is an institution, under mission auspices, founded for rescue work among the Chinese. It is now housed in the Belilios Reformatory and receives a small grant from the Government. It was temporarily closed after the outbreak of

war.

The City Hall receives an annual grant of $1,200 from Government. It contains a theatre, some large rooms which are used for balls, meetings, concerts, etc., a museum in which are some very fair specimens, and a large reference and lending library, to which new volumes are added from time to time, as funds will allow. The building was erected in 1866-9 by subscription.

27

Small grants are also given to the Italian Convent, the French Convent, (both of which take in and tend abandoned or sick infants), the West Point Orphanage, the Seamen's Hospital, and other charitable institutions.

The Chinese Public Dispensaries are institutions maintained in order to provide the Chinese with the services of doctors, whose certificates will be accepted by the Registrar of Deaths, and with the services of interpreters, who can assist the inmates of houses, where a case of infectious disease has occurred. Coolies are engaged and ambulances and dead vans provided in order to remove cases of in- fectious disease to the Infectious Diseases Hospital and dead bodies to the Mortuary. The Dispensaries receive sick infants and send them to one or other of the Convents and arrange for the burial of dead infants. Free advice and medicine are given and patients are attended at their houses. There are nine Dispensaries in existence including one for the boat population on a hulk in Causeway Bay. The total cost of maintenance, which is defraved by voluntary subscription, was $42,433.71 for the year 1915. The Dispensaries are conducted by committees under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

VIII-CRIMINAL AND POLICE.

The total of all cases reported to the Police was 9,460 being an increase of 643 or 7-29 per cent. as compared with 1914. There was in 1915 an increase in serious offences of 140 or 4·69 per cent. as compared with the previous year. The number of serious offences reported was 97 below the average of the quinquennial period com- mencing with the year 1911. The number of minor offences reported shows an increase of 503 as compared with 1911 and was 31 over the average of the quinquennial period.

The total strength of the Police Force in 1915 was European- 164, Indians 463, Chinese 645, making a total of 1,272 (as compared with 1,283 in 1914) exclusive of the five superior officers and staff of clerks and coolies. These figures include police paid for by the Railway and other Government Departments and by private firms. Of this force 14 Europeans, 142 Indians and 38 Chinese were stationed in the New Territories during the year, under an Assistant Superintendent.

The District Watchmen Force, numbering 100, to which the Government contributes $2,000 per annum, was well supported by the Chinese during the year. These watchmen patrol the streets in the Chinese quarter of the City. They are placed on police beats and are supervised by the European police on section patrol.

The total number of persons committed to Victoria Gaol was 4,179 as compared with 4,050 in 1914. Of these 1,260 were com- mitted for criminal offences, against 935 in 1914. Of committals

28

for non-criminal offences there were 281 less under the Harbour Ordinance, and 95 more for hawking without a licence than in

1914.

The daily average of prisoners confined in the Gaol was 594, the average for 1914 being 600, and the highest previous average being 726 in 1904. The percentage of prisoners to population, according to the daily average of the former and the estimated number of the latter, was 0.11. The average percentage for the last ten years was 0.12. Owing, however, to the large floating population, which is constantly moving between the Colony and Canton, the percentage of crime to population does not convey an accurate idea of the comparative criminality of the residents of the Colony. The Gaol has accommodation for 630 prisoners.

The prison discipline was satisfactory, the average of punish- ments per prisoner being 141 as compared with 1:34 in 1914 and 1-22 in 1913.

Long sentence prisoners serving two years and upwards are taught useful trades, including printing, book-binding, tin-smithing, mat-making, tailoring, carpentering, etc. The profit on the work done was $63,515 as against $66,034 in 1914. A sum of $3,082 was received and credited to Government for non-Government work against $3,329 in 1914.

IX.-VITAL STATISTICS.

(a.) POPULATION.

The civil population of the Colony, according to the Census taken on May 20th, 1911, was 456,739, of whom 101,287 reside in the New Territories and in New Kowloon; at the Census taken in 1906 it was 301,967 exclusive of the New Territories and of New Kowloon. The estimated total population at the middle of the year under review was 509,160, but this includes the New Territories ; and, as the birth and death figures given below do not include those from this area (with the exception of New Kowloon), the popula- tion for the purposes of calculating these rates is estimated at 118,160, of whom 13,320 were Non-Chinese.

The distribution of population estimated to the middle of 1915 was as follows:-

Non-Chinese Civil Community,

.13,320

Chinese

Population.

[City of Victoria (including Peak),. 259,750

Villages of Hongkong,

15,200

Kowloon (including New Kowloon),

73,100

New Territories,

91,000

Population afloat,

56,790

Total Chinese Population,

Total Civil Population,

495,840

509,160

28

for non-criminal offences there were 281 less under the Harbour Ordinance, and 95 more for hawking without a licence than in

1914.

The daily average of prisoners confined in the Gaol was 594, the average for 1914 being 600, and the highest previous average being 726 in 1904. The percentage of prisoners to population, according to the daily average of the former and the estimated number of the latter, was 0.11. The average percentage for the last ten years was 0.12. Owing, however, to the large floating population, which is constantly moving between the Colony and Canton, the percentage of crime to population does not convey an accurate idea of the comparative criminality of the residents of the Colony. The Gaol has accommodation for 630 prisoners.

The prison discipline was satisfactory, the average of punish- ments per prisoner being 141 as compared with 1:34 in 1914 and 1-22 in 1913.

Long sentence prisoners serving two years and upwards are taught useful trades, including printing, book-binding, tin-smithing, mat-making, tailoring, carpentering, etc. The profit on the work done was $63,515 as against $66,034 in 1914. A sum of $3,082 was received and credited to Government for non-Government work against $3,329 in 1914.

IX.-VITAL STATISTICS.

(a.) POPULATION.

The civil population of the Colony, according to the Census taken on May 20th, 1911, was 456,739, of whom 101,287 reside in the New Territories and in New Kowloon; at the Census taken in 1906 it was 301,967 exclusive of the New Territories and of New Kowloon. The estimated total population at the middle of the year under review was 509,160, but this includes the New Territories ; and, as the birth and death figures given below do not include those from this area (with the exception of New Kowloon), the popula- tion for the purposes of calculating these rates is estimated at 118,160, of whom 13,320 were Non-Chinese.

The distribution of population estimated to the middle of 1915 was as follows:-

Non-Chinese Civil Community,

.13,320

Chinese

Population.

[City of Victoria (including Peak),. 259,750

Villages of Hongkong,

15,200

Kowloon (including New Kowloon),

73,100

New Territories,

91,000

Population afloat,

56,790

Total Chinese Population,

Total Civil Population,

495,840

509,160

30

The temperature at the high levels of the Peak District is from 30 to 80 less than at the Observatory. At Victoria it is practically the same. The rainfall and humidity are considerably greater at the Peak than at Victoria, the Observatory, or Tai Po (New Territories).

The total rainfall for the year was 76.025 inches, as compared with an average of 82-35 inches during the ten preceding years. The wettest month was July with 15-41 inches, the driest, January, when 0:345 inch fell. The greatest amount of rain which fell on any one day was 4.89 inches on the 19th October while no rain fell on 219 days of the year. The mean relative humidity of the atmosphere for the year was 77%, or 1% less than for the ten preceding years. The average daily amount of sunshine was 5.5 hours, being 45% of the possible duration.

X-POSTAL AND TELEGRAPH SERVICES.

The total revenue from the Postal Service in 1915 amounted to $368,457.77, being $31,542.23 less than that anticipated, which is mainly due to the reduced sale of postage stamps in consequence of the war. The expenditure amounted to $403,609.02. The result of the year's postal transactions shows a debit balance of $35,151.25.

Two branch post offices were opened during the year; one in the Wantsai district on 1st March and one at Yaumati on the mainland on 1st July.

The Telegraph branch of the Harbour Department was trans- ferred to the Post Office on 29th June. The Radio-telegraph Station at Cape D'Aguilar was opened to public traffic on 15th July. The number of radio-telegrams forwarded was 157 and received 310 and the revenue collected for the period amounted to $2,184.30. Advices of ships signalled at the lignthouses for the year yielded $438.00 and semaphore messages $1.00 making a total of $2,623.30 for the telegraphic service. The expenditure amounted to $4.112.07 for the General Post Office Station.

Radio-telegrams have been exchanged between this Colony and French Indo-China through the intermediary of the Cape D'Aguilar and the French Government radio station at Quang Tcheou Wan.

XI. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.

Throughout the year the Province of Kwangtung was generally speaking peaceful, the influence of His Excellency Lung Chai Kwong as Chiang Chun or Military Governor having a salutary effect. Depredations by pirates and armed robbers on the West River and other waterways in the delta, however, occasionally caused trouble, the chief local sufferers being the Conservancy Contractors for

30

The temperature at the high levels of the Peak District is from 30 to 80 less than at the Observatory. At Victoria it is practically the same. The rainfall and humidity are considerably greater at the Peak than at Victoria, the Observatory, or Tai Po (New Territories).

The total rainfall for the year was 76.025 inches, as compared with an average of 82-35 inches during the ten preceding years. The wettest month was July with 15-41 inches, the driest, January, when 0:345 inch fell. The greatest amount of rain which fell on any one day was 4.89 inches on the 19th October while no rain fell on 219 days of the year. The mean relative humidity of the atmosphere for the year was 77%, or 1% less than for the ten preceding years. The average daily amount of sunshine was 5.5 hours, being 45% of the possible duration.

X-POSTAL AND TELEGRAPH SERVICES.

The total revenue from the Postal Service in 1915 amounted to $368,457.77, being $31,542.23 less than that anticipated, which is mainly due to the reduced sale of postage stamps in consequence of the war. The expenditure amounted to $403,609.02. The result of the year's postal transactions shows a debit balance of $35,151.25.

Two branch post offices were opened during the year; one in the Wantsai district on 1st March and one at Yaumati on the mainland on 1st July.

The Telegraph branch of the Harbour Department was trans- ferred to the Post Office on 29th June. The Radio-telegraph Station at Cape D'Aguilar was opened to public traffic on 15th July. The number of radio-telegrams forwarded was 157 and received 310 and the revenue collected for the period amounted to $2,184.30. Advices of ships signalled at the lignthouses for the year yielded $438.00 and semaphore messages $1.00 making a total of $2,623.30 for the telegraphic service. The expenditure amounted to $4.112.07 for the General Post Office Station.

Radio-telegrams have been exchanged between this Colony and French Indo-China through the intermediary of the Cape D'Aguilar and the French Government radio station at Quang Tcheou Wan.

XI. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.

Throughout the year the Province of Kwangtung was generally speaking peaceful, the influence of His Excellency Lung Chai Kwong as Chiang Chun or Military Governor having a salutary effect. Depredations by pirates and armed robbers on the West River and other waterways in the delta, however, occasionally caused trouble, the chief local sufferers being the Conservancy Contractors for

31

the City of Victoria and Kowloon, whose junks were held up on several occasions between Bocca Tigris and Wong Lin while being towed to the depôts at Wong Lin Village in the Shun Tak District. It appeared on investigation that for years past the contractors had been in the habit of paying considerable sums to the bands of pirates and robbers who infest the reaches of the Canton River in the neighbourhood of Bocca Tigris in order to obtain immunity from molestation, and on a refusal to pay increased demands the junks were attacked. Representations were made through H.B.M.'s Consul-General at Canton to the Provincial Author- ities, which resulted in protection being afforded by patrols and in the punishment of some of the marauders.

There were no other serious acts of piracy during the

year affect- ing the trade of Hongkong, or the lives and property of residents in the Colony, and this immunity must be attributed to the successful steps taken by the Provincial Government and in some measure to the successful working of the Piracy Prevention Ordinance referred to in the report of last year under the head of Legislation.

2. Even greater damage than in the previous year was caused by floods in the West River during the month of July. The water rose to a height unknown for seventy years, and the City of Canton itself was submerged to a depth of several feet.

The Government again contributed a sum of $50,000 to the Relief Fund, which was at once organized, while the large sum of $551,238 was raised by public subscription including subscriptions from Chinese abroad. The credit for this fine result is due to the generosity of all sections of the community and to the commendable. and efficient exertions of the Tung Wah Hospital.

The Committee appointed to administer the fund worked with great energy in affording immediate relief to the starving population, and measures are under consideration for carrying into effect engi- neering works which it is hoped will lessen the disastrous results of these periodical inundations.

3. The various relief funds in connection with the war were well supported during the year. It was decided to close the Prince of Wales' Fund on the 31st December, on which date the total sum raised in the Colony and its vicinity was £31,447. 4s. 3d.

A committee representative of all sections of the community was constituted, with the title of the War Charities Fund Com- mittee, to receive subscriptions from the public to War Charities in general and to support such charities as may be considered desirable from time to time, any subscriptions specially earmarked for a particular charity being applied as desired.

4. During the year good progress was made with the winding up of enemy firms in the Colony. Dulness of trade and difficulties in bringing forward cargo from enemy steamers which had sought refuge on the outbreak of war in neutral ports imposed inevitable delays.

1

Light Dues

FINANCIAL F

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF THE REVENUE A

Revenue for

Estimates,

Actual Revenue to

same

HEADS OF REVENUE

1915.

31st Dec., 1915

period of preceding Year.

Increase.

Light Dues, Special Assessment

$

$

$

94,000.00

75,475 75

90,397.87

105,000.00

93,008.43

103,667.97

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise specified

8,421,012.00 9,075,359.04 | 7,979,439.51

1,095,919 53

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes,

and Reimbursements in Aid

Post Office ..

Kowloon-Canton Railway

694,560.00

697,079.90 727,777.59

400,000.00 371,081.07 398,426.38

435,600.00 316,696.14 381,313.28

Rent of Government Property, Land and Houses

920,290.00 933,868.55 936,648.02

Interest

Miscellaneous Receipts

:

:..

1,000.00

130,170.00

129,260.00 124,416.04

4,843-9

TOTAL, (exclusive of Land Sales)

... 11,201,632.00 11,691,828.88 10,742,086.66 1,100,763.4

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

TOTAL,

Deduct

Net..

206,000.00

94,277.85 265, 186.43

11,407,632.00 11,786,106.73 11,007,273.09 1,100,763.-

321,929

778,833

ues

Appendix A.

FINANCIAL RETURNS FOR THE YEAR 1915.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF THE REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE FOR THE PERIOD ENDED

Revenue for

Estimates,

Actual Revenue to

same

HEADS OF REVENUE.

1915.

31st Dec,

1915.

period of preceding Year.

Increase.

$

$

ues, Special Assessment

94,000.00 75,475-75 90,397.87

105,000.00 93,008.43 103,667.97

1

Decrease.

14,922.12

Governor

HEADS OF EXPENDITURE.

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legi

10,659.54

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

Audit Department ..

; and Internal Revenue not otherwise specified

8,421,012.00 | 9,075,359 04 | 7,979,439.51 1,095,919.53

Treasury...

Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes, Reimbursements in Aid

694,560.00 697,079.90 727,777.59

Harbour Master's Department

30,697,69

Imports & Exports Department ...

ice

400,000.00 371,081.07 398,426.38

27,345.31

Royal Observatory

Miscellaneous Services...

1-Canton Railway

435,600.00 316,696.14 381,313.28

64,617.14

Judicial and Legal Departments...

Police and Prison Departments

Government Property, Land and Houses

920,290.00 933,868.55 936,648.02

2,779.47

Medical Departments

1,000.00

Sanitary Department

Botanical and Forestry Department

Education

neous Receipts

130,170.00 129,260.00 124,416.04 4,843.96

Military Expenditure

Public Works Department

Do.

Recurrent

Do.

Extraordinary

Post Office

TOTAL, (exclusive of Land Sales)

.11,201,632.00 11,691,828.88 10,742,086.66 1,100,763.49

151,021.27

les, (Premia on New Leases)

TOTAL,

Deduct

Net...

Kowloon-Canton Railway

Railway Special Expenditure-K.C.R. Con

Charge on account of Public Debt

206,000.00

94,277.85 - 265, 186.43

170,908.58

Pensions ...

|11,407,632.00|11,786,106.73|11,007,273.09 1,100,763.49 321,929.85

321,929.85

778,833.64

Charitable Services

TOTAL,

Deduct

Net

A.

R THE YEAR 1915.

URE FOR THE PERIOD ENDED 31ST DECEMBER, 1915.

HEADS OF EXPENDITURE.

Estimates, 1915

Actual Expenditure

Expenditure for same

to 31st Dec., 1915.

period of preceding Year.

Increase.

Decrease.

$

$

$

overnor

87,101.00

82,351.63

85,986.29

3,634.66

lonial Secretary's Department and Legislature ...

87,785.00

85,380.82 70,894.40

14,486.42

cretariat for Chinese Affairs

dit Department ..

reasury...

:

:

:

:

:

arbour Master's Department

ports & Exports Department ...

yal Observatory

scellaneous Services...

licial and Legal Departments...

lice and Prison Departments .

edical Departments

nitary Department

-tanical and Forestry Department

ucation

litary Expenditure

blic Works Department

:

61,238.00 53,188.73 51,178.04 2,010.69

33,444.00 31,058.99 32,697.22

1,638.23

68,241.00 67,693.25 66,943.60

749.65

432,027.00 257,325.24 176,287.98 81,037.26

984,519.00 777,935.52 991,096.46

213,160.94

27,045.00 23,233.12

25,398.31

2,165.19

912,262.00 1,724,993.78

945, 131.62

779,862.16

275,193.00 268,167.94

259,181.94 8,986.00

1,013,634.00 940,214.29 933,156.52 7,057-77

25!,259.00 228,200.17 230,896.86

2,696.69

391,793.00 343,903.19 353,521.53

9,618.34

50,705.00 49,404.56 49,076.14

353,823.00

328,072.09 292,820.83

2,318,619.00 2,151,388.70 | 1,886,346.31

328.42

35,251.26

265,042.39

459,638.00 399,700.76

414,510.57

14,809.81

8,652.15

:

:

Do.

Recurrent

Do.

Extraordinary

t Office

wloon-Canton Railway

Iway Special Expenditure-K.C.R. Construction

irge on account of Public Debt

asions ...

ritable Services

580,300.00 558,448.03 567,100.18

2,229,785.00 1,839,882.01 1,639,594-72 200,287.29

471,652.00 407,721.09 371,646.06 36,075.03

323,455.00 297,265.97 274,366.39 22,899.58

3,062,388.59

3,062,388.59

738,851.00 794,002.86 705,808.50 88,194.36

308,000.00 339,049.40 305,030.61 34,018.79

26,402.00 38,296.81 27,553-74 10,743.07

TOTAL,

Deduct

Net

· |12,486,

2,486,771.00 15,149,267.54 10,756,224.82 4,649,418.73 256,376.01

:

256,376 01

4,393,042.72

}

Appendix A (1).

REPORT ON THE FINANCES FOR THE YEAR 1915.

REVENUE.

The total revenue for the year amounted to $11,786,107 being $378,475 in excess of the estimate and $778,834 more than the revenue in 1914. Compared with that year there were increases under the heads Licences and Miscellaneous but decreases under all other heads.

2. The principal sub-heads showing an increase over the estimate are as follows:-

(a) Sunday Cargo Working Permits.

(b) Other Miscellaneous Receipts,

(c) Opium Monopoly...

(d) Stamp Duties,

$ 25.250

15,870

701,877

130,934

The increase under (a) is due to the large increase in profits earned by shipping, (b) to profit on private works, (c) partly to in- creased price of prepared opium, and (d) to one large probate paid in September last.

3. The principal decreases were :---

(a) Assessed Taxes,

(b) Liquor Duties,

(c) Fines,

(d) Postage,

(e) Railway,

(f) Conservancy Contracts,

(g) Land Sales,

$ 31,897

88,425

24,879

31.542

118,903

24,073

111,722

Of these, (f) monthly payments were allowed to stand over owing to financial depression on the part of the Contractor, (c) was over-estimated, while the rest of the decreases are no doubt due to the war.

EXPENDITURE.

4. The total expenditure brought to account though not incurred solely on account of the year under review amounted to $15,149,268, being $2,662,497 over the estimate, and $4,393,043 more than the expenditure in 1914. Compared with the estimates there were de- creases under 20 heads as against 5 heads where there were in- creases. The excess, amounting to $812,732, under Miscellaneous Services, was largely due to loss on subsidiary coins, of which coins to the face value of $5,900,000 were demonetized during the year causing an excess over the estimate of $488,057; and to expenditure on account of the war which was not estimated for ($253,030). It was decided to charge further expenditure on Railway Construction to General Account and subsequently also to abandon the raising of a Loan of £250,000 under Ordinance No. 8 of 1913 which together account for an excess of $3,062,388 under Special Expenditure Railway Department not estimated for, while the Charge on account of Public Debt was exceeded by $55,152 on account of Interest on Advances for Railway Construction. Military Expenditure was less than the estimate by $167,230. The Imports and Exports Depart-

A (1) 2

ment decreased $206,583 on account of less opium purchased while the Harbour Department saved $160,705 on Special Expenditure by partial postponement of the scheme for acquisition of buoys in the Harbour. Other decreases were mostly due to savings on Personal Emoluments.

5. There was a saving of a sum of $389,903 under the vote for Public Works Extraordinary, due to works being delayed or deferred, such as the West Point Reservoir $221,525, and Quarters for Govern- ment Officers $51,000. There were savings on numerous smaller votes while however the vote for the Tytam Water Works was ex- ceeded by $100,700 on account of greater progress.

6. The expenditure for the year exceeded the revenue by a sum of $3,363,161; with the result that the credit balance of $2,010,474 at the end of 1914 decreased to a deficit of $452,687 at the end of 1915.

A comparison however of ordinary revenue and expenditure might show more correctly the financial circumstances of the Colony.

The revenue for 1915 less Land Sales came to $11,691,829. The total expenditure was $15,149,268 and from this should be deducted the following Extraordinary Expenditure:--

Public Works, Extraordinary, Railway Special Expenditure,

$1,839,882

3,062,388

$4,902,270

leaving Ordinary Expenditure at $10,246,998. The deficit on Ordinary Working of the Colony is therefore transformed into a surplus of $1,444,831. In addition to this it might fairly be contended that the figures for Acquisition of Moorings in the Harbour and Redemption of Subsidiary Coins amounting to, in all, $1,345,352 should also be classed as Extraordinary Expenditure. If this be conceded the surplus would come to $2,790,183.

7. The following statement shows the Liabilities and Assets on the 31st December, 1915:--

LIABILITIES.

$ C.

ASSETS.

$

C.

- Deposits not Available

443,498.88 Subsidiary Coins

House Service

3,950.97 | Advances

750,152.82

98,834.35

Postal Agencies in China

Overdraft, Bank.

Overdraft, Crown Agents

11,861.73 Imprest

601.50

2,397,698.38 Crown Agents' Deposit 1,137,391.30

7,722.30

Unallocated

P.W.D.

Stores,

314,584.14

Unallocated

Stores

Railway,

109,818.46

Suspense Account

662.55

Total Liabilities... 2,864,732.26

Total...$2,864,732.26

Total Assets... 2,412,045.42 Debit Balance... 452,686.84

Total...$ 2,864,732.26

A (1) 3 ---

8. The following table shows the Revenue and Expenditure during the last five years :-

Revenue, Expenditure,.... Surplus,.... Deficit,

1911.

1912. 1913.

1914.

1915.

$

$

$ $

$ 7,497,231 8,180,694 8,512,308.84 11,007,273.09 11,786,107 7,077,177 7,202,543 8,658,012.93 10,756,224.82 15,149,268

420,054 978,851

251 048.27

145,704.09

PUBLIC DEBT.

3,363,161

9. The Inscribed Stock Loans of 1893 and 1906 amount to €1,485,732 and the contributions to the Sinking Fund with accrued interest total £210,855 being £24,561 more than the amount at credit of that fund at the end of 1914.

The loan of £1,100,000 to the Viceroy of Wuchang in 1905 has been repaid and expended on Railway Construction. The account as closed shows a profit of £47,163 which has been from time to time paid into the General Sinking Fund.

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY.

10. The expenditure on Railway Construction amounted at the end of the year to $14,602,007, that during the year being $506,347, chiefly in connection with the erection of a terminal station. The funds for this expenditure have been obtained by the advance of £1,100,000 from the Wuchang Loan which realised $11,539,619 in local currency and by charging the balance $3,062,388 to the General Expenditure of the Colony under Railway Department.

GENERAL REMARKS.

11. There were no alterations of importance during 1915 in the revenue system or in taxation except that the rates for prepared opium were raised in July and again in December.

12. The total receipts and payments in the Treasury books during the year were $67,949,516 and $70,354,937 respectively. The figures not accounted for under revenue and expenditure relate to transactions under various heads such as Deposits, Advances, Railway Construction, Subsidiary Coin, Special Fund, etc.

13. Subsidiary coins in stock and in transit to London for redemption purposes on the 31st December was of the face value of $750,092.78 as follows:-

50 cents,

20

10

5

""

Copper,

:

:

$ 6,567.00 111,080.80 550,600.20 53,089.15 28,755.63

$750,092.78

A (1) 4-

The difference ($60.04) between this total and the amount shown in the Statement of Assets and Liabilities is an amount to be recovered by the Crown Agents on account of coins lost in transit.

Demonetized coins of the face value of $5,900,000 all in ten cent pieces were accounted for during the year. The balance of coins in circulation is now $26,292,370.

14. The limits between which the rates of discount on subsidiary coin compared with the Silver Dollar ranged were :---

50 cent-pieces 4 per cent. to 5 per cent.

20

"

10

5

Copper

""

""

00 UT OTH

29

10/31/ 114 7층

"

23

par.

Silver dollars were in rather better demand and consequently bank notes were at a premium ranging from 21% to 8% as com- pared with 4% to 10% in 1914.

15. The local circulation in December of notes of the three Banks having authorized issues was as follows:-

Hongkong & Shanghai Bank,

Chartered Bank of India, Australia & China,. Mercantile Bank of India,

$21,793,806

6.976,548

1,074,231

$29,844,585

16. The rate of exchange for the Estimates was taken at 1 10 whereas the average rate for purposes of conversion in the Treasury books was 1/92.

25th March, 1916.

A. M. THOMSON,

Treasurer.

Appendix B.

REPORT ON THE ASSESSMENT FOR THE YEAR 1916-1917.

1. His Excellency the Governor in Council, under Section 8 of the Rating Ordinance, No. 6 of 1901, ordered the existing valuation for 1915-1916 to be adopted as the Valuation for 1916-1917. During the past year no general Assessment has been made, the difference in Rateable Value being the result of Interim-assessments and Appeals.

2. The City of Victoria. The Rateable Value has decreased from $11,765,175 to $11,687,605, a reduction of $77,570 or 0:65 per cent.

3. The Hill District.-The Rateable Value has increased from $322,185 to $323,100, an addition of $915 or 0'28 per cent.

4. Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, and Quarry Bay.—The Rateable Value has increased from $381,571 to $386,186, an addition of $4,615 or 120 per cent.

5. Hongkong Villages.-The Rateable Value has increased from $173,026 to $205,232, an addition of $32,206 or 1861 per cent.

6. Kowloon Point.-The Rateable Value has increased from $608.315 to $619,365, an addition of $11,050 or 181 per cent.

7. Yaumati.-The Rateable Value has increased from $330,465 to $350,795, an addition of $20,330 or 6·15 per cent.

8. Mongkoktsui.-The Rateable Value has increased from $210,715 to $211,130, an addition of $415 or 0.19 per cent.

9. Hunghom and Hokun.-The Rateable Value has decreased from $301,045 to $298,805. a reduction of $2,240 or 071 per cent.

10. Kowloon Villages.-The Rateable Value has increased from $90,626 to $93,816 an addition of $3,190 or 3'51 per cent.

11. New Kowloon.-The Rateable Value has increased from $104,162 to $106,152, an addition of $1,990 or 191 per cent.

B 2

12. The Whole Colony.--The Rateable Value has decreased from $14,287,285 to $14,282,186, a slight reduction of $5,099 or 0′03 per cent.

13. Interim Valuations.-Between 1st July, 1915, and 1st May, 1916, 486 Interim-Valuations were made as follows:-

City of Victoria.

Rest of Colony.

No. Rateable Value. No. Rateable Valne.

$

New or rebuilt tenements

and tenements structur- ally altered,

Assessments

tenements pulled down

or being in other res-

211

165,650

223

97,311

cancelled,

pects not rateable.

32

63,220

17

7,620

No. and Increase,... 246

$102,430

240 $ 89,691

14. Appeals. In 187 Appeals against the adopted assessments of 919 tenements reductions aggregating $197,220 in Rateable Value were made by Order of the Court.

15. Vacant Tenements.-The number of tenements reported to be vacant averaged about 220 monthly as compared with 240 last

year.

16. The following Table gives a comparison of the Assessments for 1915-1916 and 1916-1917 :-

District.

Valuation Valuation 1915-1916. 1916-1917.

Increase. Decrease.

$

$

The City of Victoria, | 11,765,175 | 11,687,605 |

ITill

District and

Hongkong Villages,

Kowloon Point and

876,782 914,518 37,736

Kowloon Villages, 1,645,328 1,680,063 34,735

Total, 14,287,285 | 14,282,186

Per cent.

$

%

77,570 0.65

4.30

2.11

5,099 0.03

B 3

17. Comparative Statement showing the Rateable Value of the Colony of Hongkong in each of the ten years from 1907-1908 to 1916-1917 inclusive :-

Year.

Rateable Value.

$

Increase Decrease as compared as compared

with previous

with previous

year.

year.

Percentage of Increase or Decrease in Rateable Value as compared with the previous year.

$3

%

1907-08,

10,716,173

253,030

2.30 Decrease.

1908-09, 10,816,753 100.580

093 Increase.

1909-10,

1910-11,

1911-12, 1912-13, 12,312,306 1,150,916

10,750,902 11,082,179 331,277 11,161,390

65,851

0·60 Decrease.

3:08 Increase.

79,211

0.71

Do.

10.31 Do.

1913-14, 12,435,812

123,506

1·03

Do.

1914-15, 14,410,103 1,974,291

15.87 Do.

1915-16, 14,287,285

122,818

0.85 Decrease.

1916-17, ¡4,282,186

5,099

0.03 Do.

There has been no change in the Staff. Mr. So Shing-hon and Mr. Chu Tsau-hing have discharged their duties as Clerk and Inter- preter respectively to my entire satisfaction.

ASSESSOR'S OFFICE,

1st June, 1916.

ARTHUR CHAPMAN,

Assessor.

Appendix C.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS FOR THE YEAR 1915.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE. (Tables I and II.)

REVENUE.

1. The revenue derived from all sources during the year was $5,072-less than that for 1914 by $2,186. This decrease was mainly due to the issue of fewer Chinese Boarding House Licences (on account of the restrictions imposed on Singapore emigrants). Marriage Licences and permits for display of fireworks. There were also fewer fees for official signatures. There were a few items which showed slight increases, ciz.. certificates to Chinese going to the United States of America; fees for bonds by non-resident house- holders, and registration of societies.

EXPENDITURE.

2. The total expenditure was $53,188 as compared with $51,178 in 1914, and fell short of the estimate by $8,049. The increase is mainly due to the provision of commuted leave salary for the Acting Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

PROTECTION OF WOMEN AND GIRLS. (Table III.)

Women and Girls Protection Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.

Po Leung Kuk Incorporation Ordinance No. 6 of 1893.

3. The number of persons detained under warrant and sent direct to the Po Leung Kuk during the year was 168, as compared with 111 in 1914; the action taken in each case (as also in those cases not decided at the end of 1914) is shown in Table III. The number of women whose detention was found unnecessary, and who were allowed to leave after investigation was 138 or 82·1% as compared with 73.8% in 1914; 2 remained awaiting marriage: 3 were married; 5 were restored to relatives; while 20 cases were still under consideration on December 31st.

4. 11 names were added to the list of girls under bond to report themselves annually, half-yearly or quarterly to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, a precaution taken to guard against their being forced into prostitution. The names of 8 girls were struck off the list, of whom 3 were married and 5 sent back to their relatives. The number of names on the list on 31st December was 70 as compared with 67 on January 1st, 1915.

0 2

5. The number of persons reported by Hongkong residents to the Po Leung Kuk as missing during the year was 121 of whom 21 were found. These figures show a slight decrease as compared with those for 1914: 127 and 34. The total number of persons reported missing, including reports from China and Macao, was 212 of whom 25 were found, as compared with 45 out of 223 in 1914.

EMIGRATION.

Emigration Ordinance No. 1 of 1889,

(as amended by subsequent Ordinances).

(i.)—EMIGRATION OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN (FREE). (Table IV.)

6. The number of women and children passengers examined and allowed to proceed was 13,489 (women 8,810, girls 1,107, and boys under sixteen 3,572), as compared with 13,162 in 1914. These figures are considerably below those of 1913 (26,080) and slightly above those of 1914. The small increase is explained by the fact that the prohibition of deck passengers' immigration by the Govern- ment of the Straits Settlements was in force for 5 months in 1914 while it only existed for 3 (January to April 16th) in 1915. The decrease from the 1913 figure is probably owing to the war. The only substantial increase is shown in the figures for the Dutch Indies, 1,305 proceeding as against 698 in 1914 and 1,077 in 1913.

7. The record of the occupations of women emigrants over 16 shows that out of a total of 8,810, 5,099 were going with their hus- bands or other relatives, or to join relatives; 2,851 gave their occupations as maid-servants; 469 as tailoresses, and 320 as pro- stitutes. There were also 44 farmers", 19 nuns, 4 actresses, 3 travellers, and one hair-dresser.

*

8. 48 or 36% of the total numbers of women and children emigrants were detained for enquiries as against 27 or 20% in 1914. Of these 41 were allowed to proceed after enquiry; and of the remainder, who were kept temporarily in the Po Leung Kuk, one married and two were restored to their relatives, 4 cases remaining under consideration.

9. There were 8 applications for the recovery of women who had emigrated and of the 11 persons missing, 6 returned and were restored to relatives, 4 could not be located, and one refused to return. 17 women, sent back from the Straits Settlements on suspicion, or returning of their own accord, were given assistance in proceeding to their homes. 47 women who had gone to the Straits Settlements with the intention of practising prostitution were sent back as being too young. This large number is due to the fact that the Straits Settlements Ordinance affecting these women had been altered during the year.

Ĉ 3

10. This year's work with women and children was about on a par with that done in 1914. South China still remained in a dis- turbed condition thus facilitating the traffic in women and girls for prostitution. The prosecutions under the Women and Girls Protec- tion Ordinance undertaken by this office numbered 6 with one conviction, as compared with 4 cases and 2 convictions in 1914.

46

(ii)-MALE EMIGRATION, (ASSISTED).

(Table V.)

11. Assisted emigration continued during the year with the difference that there was no contract labour for British Possessions. The abolition of "contract labour" (as previously understood) in British Possessions seems to have affected arrangements at the other end more than in Hongkong; but the numbers passed here as assisteds" in 1915 showed a marked decline. There was no emigration (assisted) to Singapore and the Malay Peninsula until October, but during the last 3 months of the year 1,931 coolies went down. Emigration to Muntok as usual proceeded from January to August and then ceased until January, 1916. During the 8 months 3,805 coolies were passed by this office. There was no emi- gration to Billiton and only one batch of 28 proceeded (in October) to Sandakan. The total number of assisted emigrants presented for examination was 7,618 of whom 5,764 were passed and allowed to proceed. (In 1914 the figures were 12,272 and 8,278.) Thus the per- centage of rejections was appreciably smaller, (24-31% in 1915 and 27.66% in 1914). The number of those who on examination ex- pressed themselves as unwilling to emigrate was 47 or 62%, again a decrease on the 1913 and 1914 figures (2.58% and 1.52% respec- tively). The total number rejected in Hongkong as unfit for labour was 143, all of whom were sent back to their homes through the Tung Wa Hospital at the expense of the Boarding Houses which recruited them. No coolies were rejected as unfit by the Protector of Chinese at Singapore.

12. Assisted emigration to British North Borneo was again practically non-existent, only the one batch already mentioned being passed.

13. By the arrangements made with the Straits Settlements Government for the repatriation of decrepit coolies at the expense of their employers, 18 such decrepits were enabled to return to their homes via Hongkong. The total in 1914 was 233.

14. The arrangement made with the British North Borneo Gov- ernment in 1914, mentioned in last year's report, continues to work satisfactorily. 252 decrepit or destitute repatriates were sent back from Sandakan and 72 from Jesselton. Two particularly large batches were dealt with by the Police; the remainder were sent to their homes riâ this office and the Tung Wa Hospital.

15. In addition to these decrepits, 1,121 coolies arrived from the Straits Settlements during 1915 and were sent home by the Police. They were either deportees or destitutes.

2

Č 4

16. One leper was repatriated by the Canadian Government and sent home by the Police. The Tung Wa dealt similarly with one repatriated from Singapore.

17. The system of registering the photographs of all assisted emigrants again proved useful, five cases being dealt with. This office forwarded letters in two cases to emigrants whose photographs had been identified by relatives. In each case a request was conveyed that the emigrant would return home after the term of his contract (in the Dutch Indies) had expired. One emigrant was redeemed from Singapore, but the question of payment of expenses has not yet been decided. Two applications were received for re- demption of assisted emigrants to Banka. In each case the man was recovered. In one case the expenses ($80) were made by the payment of $30 by the Boarding House in question, and $50 by the relatives. In the other the Holland China Trading Co. con- sented to accept $50 only (from the relatives) as the Boarding House in question had closed.

18. In this connection it should be noted that the Wa Fong and Tai Wo Firms have been appointed as the officially recognised photographers under Ordinance No. 1 of 1889, section 64.

19. Classification of Assisted Emigrants by the language spoken (Table V shows the number of labourers recruited from each particu- lar locality) gives the following figures: --

Cantonese,

Hakka,

Hoklo,...

Hainanese,

Southern Mandarin (mostly from Kwong

Sai and Hunan),

Total,

5.001

1,672

88

194

663

7,618

20. The entire absence of assisted emigration to British Posses- sions which continued until September 30th was severely felt by the Emigration Boarding Houses. During the last 3 months of the year however business improved.

21. 49 Emigration Hotel Licenses (9 new) and 22 assisted board- ing house licences (12 new) were issued during the year 1915. The former had accommodation for 4,345 boarders and the latter for 821.

22. During the year 2 Emigration Hotel Licences were cancelled for breach of the Emigration Ordinance. 3 Hotels closed their premises and one transferred to the assisted boarding house business. without renewing the hotel licence in May.

23. 3 Assisted Boarding Houses gave up their business before May and did not take out new licences. One was closed after taking out a new licence in May.

1

- C 5

24. Thus the number of houses holding licences at the end of the year was Hotels 47 and Boarding Houses (assisted) 20, as com- pared with 45 and 7 respectively at the end of 1914.

25. The Wa Li Boarding House forfeited its bond of $1,000 and the Kei Hing was fined $100 for carrying on assisted business under hotel licence. The San Wo Boarding House licence was can- celled owing to the fact that the master failed to report the presence of 12 children who, it is suspected, were kidnapped. The licence of the Tai Ping Boarding House was cancelled owing to the master being implicated in an attempt to take girls to Singapore for pro- stitution. The master of the Yik Sang Boarding House was warned in the same connection.

26. The spasmodic nature of the business of most of these board- ing houses makes them rather difficult of proper regulation which will at the same time avoid too much interference. The new Emi- gration Ordinance should effect improvements in this matter.

27. 17 duplicate licences were issued for removal of premises or transfer of names during the year.

REGULATION OF CHINESE.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.

*

(i.)-REGISTRATION OF HOUSEHOLDERS.

28. 1,888 householders were registered of which 167 were first registration. (In 1914 the numbers were 2,502 and 92.) 4.318 changes of tenancy were also notified for registration as against 10,102 in 1914.

29. The number of Chinese business men in Victoria and Kowloon offering themselves as sureties to Government Departments, and reported on by this office, was 934, as against 1,139 in 1914.

30. Bonds were required to be registered by 8 non-resident householders as against 6 in 1914. 61 certified extracts from the Registers were issued as against 95 in 1914. 6 Duplicate House- holders Certificates were issued as against 7 in 1914 while 48 Householders' Removal Certificates were issued.

(ii)-DISTRICT WATCHMEN. (Table VI.)

31. The District Watchmen Committee met on 13 occasions, the average attendance being 9. The vacancy caused by the death of Mr. U Hoi-chau was filled by the appointment of Mr. Chan Siu-ki, while Mr. Tong Lai-tsun and Mr. Ng Hon-tsz were both reappointed by His Excellency the Governor for a further term of 5 years. Dur- ing the absence on leave of Mr. Hallifax, Mr. S. B. C. Ross acted as chairman.

C 6

==-་

32. Among the subjects of more than passing interest that were discussed were the restriction of the numbers of clubs and societies; the appointment of midwives; the question of payment of wine and spirit licences; the completion of the District Watchmen Station in Yaumati; and the question of new legislation for money loan associations. Besides this, the useful work done in 1914, in preventing undue alarm from war conditions, was carried on, and misunderstandings were prevented during the short time that diplomatic relations between China and Japan were strained.

33. The offer of the Committee to refund to the Treasury the annual Government grant for 1916 was considered by the Governor, who, while marking his appreciation of the action, considered it unnecessary to take advantage of it.

34. The balance to the credit of the District Watchmen Fund at the end of the year was $18,695 as compared with $18,235 on January 1st, the income thus exceeding the expenditure by $460. The total expenditure $28,667 as compared with $29,989 in 1914 showed a decrease of well over $1,000. As stated in the 1914 report an exceptional outlay was then incurred by the establishment of District Watchmen Quarters in Yaumati, and, while the expense was not so heavy this year, a sum of over $1,600 was expended upon repairs and alterations to the new station. The good work done by the force in Yaumati since its establishment fully justifies the outlay.

35. The total strength of the District Watchmen Force at the end of the year was 99 (as compared with 99 on January 1st). The approved strength is 100. During the year, by death, resignation or dismissal there were 4 vacancies caused; and 4 recruits have been enlisted. One vacancy remains to be filled up.

36. The new District Watchmen Station at Yaumati was opened on May 1st, when 6 District Watchmen were sent over.

The experi- ment gives every promise of being a successful one.

37. The number of convictions secured by members of the force was 167 as compared with 109 in 1914 and 226 in 1913.

(iii.)-PERMITS.

38. 456 permits to fire crackers were issued (480 in 1914), 330 of these being on the occasion of marriage.

39. Other permits issued were religious ceremonies 21; and 130 to hold theatricals in private houses or temporary buildings.

MARRIAGES.

Ordinance No. 7 of 1875 and No. 6 of 1903.

40. The number of marriages solemnised during the year was 154 as compared with 165 in 1914. The number contracted at the Registrar's office was 18. In 1914 it was 30.

- C 7

CERTIFICATES OF IDENTITY TO CHINESE ENTERING THE

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1898.

41. Five certificates were issued to Chinese to enter United States of America, and two to enter Philippine Islands.

All these certificates are limited to Chinese British Subjects resident in Hongkong.

REGISTRATION OF Books.

Ordinance No. 2 of 1888.

42. Nine books were registered during the year as compared with forty-nine in 1914.

TUNG WA HOSPITAL.

Ordinances No. 1 of 1870, No. 9 of 1904, and

No. 10 of 1908 (Man Mo Temple).

(Tables VII to XII.)

43. The following gentlemen were elected to form the Com- mittee for 1916 :-

Yu King-shu, Chairman,

Li King-lau,

Ho Hang-tong,

Ho Mun-shang,

Ng King-cho. Kwok Lok,

Chan Yu-fan,

Lo Chung-wan,

Wong Kwok-shun, Chung Yun-hing, Pun Sui-cho,

Lau Ki-wa,

Wong Chiu-fan, Ho Pat-ting,

of whom the first three named are in charge of the hospital finances.

Favourable as was the position in which the 1915 Committee started, that for 1916 is even more prosperous. At present there is no exceptional claim on their resources in view for 1916.

44. The 1915 Directorate under the Chairmanship of Mr. Lo Cheung-shiu carried on the work of previous years with conspicuous success. The balance sheet for the year (i.e., the Yut Mau Chinese year extending from February 13th, 1915, to February 3rd, 1916, a total of 355 days as compared with 384 days in the previous year) showed a credit balance of $27,475.

45. The expenditure was $89,808 as compared with $93,479 in the previous year, shewing a daily average of $252.98 as against

C 8

82B3.1 in 1914. The total income was $117,284 as against 8103,500 in 1914. The large increase was due to the proceeds of a theatrical performance held by the four hospitals of which the Tung Wa Hospital received $16,618 (40%). If this be deducted, a decrease of rather less than $3,000 is shown in comparison with 1914, yet even so the total exceeded the expenditure by about $11,000.

Besides this large item in the increased receipts other items show increases, e.g.:-

Compensation from Government for land resumed... $4,100 Subscriptions,

Sale of medicines, etc.,

500

1,100

but rent of hospital property, interest on balance, and premium on notes showed a falling off of about $6,200.

On the expenditure side repairs show an increase of close on $8,000 but economy was effected in almost all other details, and the item for construction of new mortuary ($3,736 in 1914) did not

occur.

46. The total number of in-patients admitted during 1915 was 4,557, as compared with 4,472 in 1914, (4,706 in 1913), of whom 1,752 or 38 45% (as against 37.8% in the previous year) elected to be treated by European methods. The out-patients numbered 116,885 as against 102,158 in 1914 (107,395 in 1913) and of these 13,126 or 11.2% (as against 10% in 1914) chose European treatment.

47. The number of surgical operations performed was 208 as compared with 186 in 1914. There were also 98 Eye Operations performed as against 49 in 1914.

48. The number of destitutes temporarily housed and then sent to their homes was 777 (1,064 in 1914), most of whom were sent to the hospital from this office.

49. Of the charitable funds managed by the hospital, the Emer- gency and Man Mo Temple Funds (Tables X and XI) were administered on the same lines as in previous years and do not call for further comment, both showing a balance of receipts over expenditure for the year.

50. The balance sheet of the Brewin Charity as set out in Table XII is again very satisfactory. The investment in house property in Temple Street, Yaumati, mentioned last year has shown a good return the rent received totalled $4,988.90, and the income for the year exceeded the expenditure by $2,175.

51. The amount expended in gratuities and pensions to deserving widows was $1,344 as compared with $1,060 in 1914 and $574 in 1913.

+

C 9

KWONG WA HOSPITAL.

(Tables XIII and XIV.)

52. This hospital again did excellent work during 1915 and the number of patients treated shows a marked increase especially among out-patients.

In all 1,821 patients were admitted (as against 1,699 in 1914) of whom 969 or 53% (as against 426 in 1914, 47% in 1913 and 41% in 1912) came under European treatment while 852 elected to be treated by Chinese methods.

The total number of out-patients treated was 23.449 against 10,135 in 1914 and of these 15,230 elected to receive European treat- ment. This gives a percentage of 65'9 as against 40% in 1914 and 91% in 1913, showing that the increase of 1914 is well maintained.

53. The total expenditure of the Hospital for the Yut Mau Chinese year was $54,363 but this includes a refund of $31,284 to the Tung Wa-the net expenditure being $23,079 as against $28,213.40 in 1914. Among the receipts appears a loan of $20,183 from the Tung Wa which together with the 1914 overdraft (from Tung Wa) of $9,977 has been repaid as mentioned above. During this year therefore the loss on last year's working has been cleared off.

54. As reported in 1914 the Tung Wa 1915 Committee were faced with great difficulties: under the chairmanship of Mr. Lo Cheung- shiu, they have dealt so successfully with them that for the first time the Kwong Wa Hospital is free from debt, having now a balance of $420. Economies have been effected in many directions; but the principal assistance was received from a theatrical performance promoted by the four hospitals, which resulted in a transference of $12,463 to the Kwong Wa account. Mention of this performance has been made with reference to the Tung Wa Report and the Com- mittee are to be congratulated on the success with which their enterprise was attended.

CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES AND PLAGUE HOSPITALS. ~

(Tables XV to XX.)

55. The total number of cases treated at the Dispensaries during the year was 89,243 as compared with 77,207 in 1914. Of this total 56,630 were new and 32,613 return cases.

56. The number of vaccinations performed again shows a decrease, being 5,203 as ágainst 5,493 in 1914.

57. The total expenditure on the Dispensaries was $32,620 as compared with $29,670 in 1914. But this includes exceptional ex- penses, viz., $518 transferred to the Sham Shui Po Dispensary account and $4,525 part cost of building the Amalgamated Harbour and

C 10

Yaumati Dispensary. During the year the maintenance of the Dis- pensaries-Victoria, Harbour and Shaukiwan--cost $27,577 as against $28,230 for the previous year.

58. The revenue of the Dispensaries excluding the balance of $24,300 from 1914 amounted to $37,177 as against $35,103 in 1914 and thus exceeded the expenditure by some $1,600.

This total included a sum of $4,154 which was handed to the Dispensaries by the four hospitals as a share of the proceeds of the theatrical performance alluded to under the Tung Wa and Kwong Wa Reports. In view of the heavy expenditure on the Amalgamated Harbour and Yaumati Dispensary, and on the Sham Shui Po New Dispensary which was opened on February 1st, the financial posi- tion is most satisfactory.

59. On 26th January, 1916, the scheme mentioned in last year's report of combining the old Harbour and Yaumati Public Dispensaries in one building came to fruition with the formal opening by His Excellency the Governor of the new dispensary on the water front at Yaumati.

60. The building was erected at a cost of $6,300 which was mostly raised by private subscription including donations of $500 each from the Tin Hau Temple funds, Messrs. Lau Chü-pak, Ho Fook, Ho Kam-tong, Chan Kai-ming, Chan Cheuk-hing, Li Yau- tsun and one other; other subscriptions were raised by the efforts of Mr. Li Fung-shan.

61. The number of dead and dying infants brought to the Dis- pensaries was 1,372 as compared with 1,243 in 1914.

62. The number of infants under five years brought in to be treated shows a large increase, 12,075 being treated as against 9,068 in 1914, which was a record year. When it is taken into account that there was extremely little plague during the year, the increase must be explained by the fact that the Chinese are beginning to recognise the useful work done by the Dispensaries, and the figures show that the hopes of the promoters of the Dispensaries scheme were justi-

fied.

63. 1,074 corpses were removed to hospital or mortuary as against 1,569 in 1914. 519 (as against 898) applications were received for coffins and on 212 occasions (as against 1,563 in 1914) was attendance necessary at the cleansing of infected premises. The decrease in the figures is to be explained by the smaller number of plague cases during the year.

64. The Plague Hospital at East Point and the Western District Hospital reported no plague cases while at Kowloon City 4 cases only were admitted. Three ordinary cases were admitted to the Eastern District Hospital and none to the other two.

65. The number of bodies considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year was 467

C 11

as compared with 714 in 1914 and 623 in 1913 The monthly figure varied between 29 (in February) and 51 (in January). The percentage of these "dumpings" to the whole number of Chinese deaths was 6'05% (Table XIX).

Of the 467 bodies abandoned, 132 were taken to the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

The number of bodies reported by the police as dumped during the year was 334 (Table XX).

66. Table XVIII compiled from statistics in the Sanitary Department shews the number of death certificates issued in propor- tion to the total number of Chinese deaths, and the number of cases in which post mortem examinations were held.

67. The percentage of cases in which the cause of death was certified was 427. In 1914 it was 51 and in 1913, 47.

68. The particulars set out in tabular form below are of some interest as indicating the attitude of the Chinese towards plague and small-pox though the percentages for 1915 are misleading owing to the small totals concerned :-

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Disease. Cases. to

Removed Treat-

ed at

Died

Reco-

in

Report- led after

vered.

Hospital. Home. Hospital.

death.

со

Percentage

of column 7

to column 2.

1913

Small-pox, 111

74

1

44

30

37

33

Plague, 408

161

1

127

34

247

60

1914

Small-pox, 110

91

72

19

19 17.3

Plague, 2,146 1,317 54

1,191

126

775

36.1

1915

Small-pox, 34

13

о

Plague, 144

25

]

21

5

21

61.7

118

81.9

C 12

TRANSLATION WORK DONE IN THE SECRETARIAT FOR CHINESE

AFFAIRS DURING THE YEAR 1915.

Translation from Chinese

into English.

Translation from English into Chinese.

Petitions,

98

Ordinances,

0

Letters,

76

Regulations,

14

Newspaper articles and items

Government notices,

85

of news,

206

Minutes,

5

Unspecified,

133

Unspecified,

14

N

Total,..

513

Total,......

118

69. The total number of translations done by the translator was thus 631 as against 675 in 1914 and 813 in 1913.

In addition, a large number of translations made in other Government Departments are sent to this office for revision. Much translation work is done by members of the staff other than the translator, but of this no record is kept.

CHINESE RECREATION GROUND.

(Table XXI.)

70. The improvements to the Chinese Recreation Ground have been completed and the balance of $3,039 on the total contract of $7,039 has been paid.

The balance to the credit of the account is reduced to $3,936, as compared with $4,404 on January 1st, but the income from the stalls has risen from $1,494 in 1914 to $3,614.

PASSAGE MONEY FUND.

(Table XXII.)

71. The net income of the fund was $915 and the total expendi- ture was $280. The balance at the end of the year was thus increased from $2,216 to $2,853.

4

1

C 13

REGULATION OF CLUBS AND SOCIETIES.

Ordinance No. 47 of 1911.

72. During the year 35 applications for registration or exemption from registration under the Ordinance were received and considered. 7 clubs and societies were exempted from registration by notice in the Gazette, while 11 were required to register. In 3 cases permis- sion to register was refused on the ground specified in section 4 of the Ordinance; 10 clubs were found to comprise less than 10 mem- bers and did not therefore come under the Ordinance. In the remaining 4 cases no action was taken and the clubs concerned voluntarily dissolved.

Three societies exempted in previous years but lately discovered to be non-existent were declared in the Gazette to have ceased to exist and were struck off the register.

ORDINANCES.

73. The chief Ordinances affecting the Chinese which were passed during 1915 were as follows:--

No. 6 of 1915.-The Seditious Publications (Possession) Ordi- nance, extending the provisions of Ordinance No. 6 of 1914.

No. 20 of 1915.-The Chinese Extradition Amendment Ordi- nance 1915 provides that every fugitive criminal for whose sur- render a requisition is made shall be deemed a subject of China unless he prove to the contrary.

No. 30 of 1915. The Asiatic Emigration Ordinance of 1915 repeals Ordinance 1 of 1889 and does little more than reduce it to a simpler and clearer formi.

No. 35 of 1915.-The Deportation Ordinance 1915 gives the Government wider powers in dealing with deportees.

GENERAL.

74. Under the terms of the Deportation Ordinance 1914 reports were furnished on 298 suspects arrested by the Police under war- rants of detention. The figures in 1914 were 391.

75. Reports were also furnished on numerous other criminals recommended by the Police for banishment on the expiration of their sentences who claimed to be Hongkong born.

76. On December 16th the Memorial Stone at the Harbour of Refuge, Yaumati, was laid by His Excellency the Governor. The stone bears a Chinese inscription suggested by His Excellency Cheung Ming-ki, the Civil Governor of Kwong Tung.

C 14

77. In April the partners of the Tai Yau Bank-Messrs. Ho Tung, Lau Chü-pak, Chan Kai-ming, Ho Fook, Ho Kom-tong and Lo Cheung-shiu--offered to present an aeroplane to the British Government. The offer was cordially accepted and the aeroplane is already on service'.

78. Labour troubles were happily few. A strike of the Chinese tailors was adjusted with the assistance of Mr. Ho Fook and Mr. Ip Lan-tsun of the Chinese Chamber of Commerce as arbitrators.

79. With reference to the 1914 flood relief scheme, further instalments this year were paid to the localities concerned by de- puties of this office, until in May a total of $280,590 had been spent, and all that remained of the fund was a sum of $68,000 which had been earmarked for the construction of a model sluice gate in the Ko Iu District under the direction of Mr. Jaffé.

80. Unfortunately, however, early in July, 1915, a still more severe and disastrous flood occurred and affected simultaneously the valleys of the West, East and North Rivers and Canton as well. Relief work was promptly put in hand. The first need was to provide food for the sufferers and supplies of rice were sent up. The U.S.S. Wilmington proceeded to Canton and the U.S.S. Callao to Shiu Hing, rendering invaluable aid, as did the Standard Oil Company and the British American Tobacco Company. Mr. A. E. Wood and Mr. Tong Yat-chun were deputed to organise relief work and to furnish a report while later on Mr. C. D. Martyn paid a visit of inspection. A sum of over $500,000 was raised through the medium of the Tung Wa Hospital to which the Hongkong Govern- ment promised to contribute $50.000 and it was decided that the administration of the whole fund should be left in the hands of the Committee of the Tung Wa Hospital. The Committee under Mr. Lo Cheung-shiu, the chairman, did an immense amount of detailed work, and again justified the opinion that in the discriminating application of charity the Tung Wa Hospital has little to learn. The general idea, after the granting of immediate relief, has been to co-ordinate our activities in repair work with those of the Canton charitable bodies and it may be noted that a Conservancy Board, with Europeans on the staff, is working from Canton in an attempt to cope with the problem; but the disturbed state of the country has been a serious hindrance. It is a matter for congratulation that no less than 70% or 80% of the 1914 repair work carried out at the expense of the Hongkong funds stood firm through the second calamity.

STAFF.

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

81. Mr. E. R. Hallifax went on long leave from the 20th January to the 17th October. Mr. S. B. C. Ross acted during the period.

Chief Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

82. Mr. D. W. Tratman acted as District Officer, Northern District, from the 20th January to the 7th September, and as Head

J

Ċ 15

of the Sanitary Department from the 8th September to the 31st December. Messrs. A. E. Wood, G. R. Sayer and R. E. Lindsell acted as Chief Assistant from the 27th January to the 7th September, from the 8th September to the 15th Deceinber and from the 16th to 31st December, respectively.

Second Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

83. Mr. A. E. Wood acted as Chief Assistant from the 27th January to the 7th September and as District Officer from the 8th September to the 31st December. Messrs. R. E. Lindsell and W. Schofield acted as Second Assistant from the 1st January to the 6th April and from the 7th April to the 31st December, respectively.

Third Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

84. Mr. R. E. Lindsell acted as Second Assistant from the 1st January to the 6th April, as Second Police Magistrate from the 7th April to the 15th December, and as Chief Assistant from the 16th to the 31st December. Mr. W. Schofield was attached for duty from the 1st January to the 11th February and acted as Third Assistant from the 12th February to the 6th April. Messrs. R. A. C. North and E. W. Hamilton acted as Third Assistant from the 7th April to the 18th July and from the 14th October to the 31st December, respectively.

Sergeant under Protection of Women and Girls Ordinance.

85. Sergeant C. F. Aris reverted to the Police Department and went on leave on the 23rd April, and Sergeant J. A. McKay was appointed in his place.

3rd May, 1916.

E. R. HALLIFAX,

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Table I.

Revenue for the years 1914 and 1915.

- Ċ 16

Heads of Revenue.

Details of Revenue.

Ordinance under which received.

Revenue in

1914.

Revenue in

1915.

Increase.

Decrease.

$

Ր.

$

C.

$

8.

"'.

Licences and Internal

Fees of Court

or

}"

Revenue not other- wise specified,

Office, Payments for Specific Purposes, and Reimburse-

ments-in-aid,.

Chinese Boarding House Licences, Marriage Licences,

Certificates to Chinese entering U.S.A., .. Contribution from Chinese Dispensaries, &c., for Clerical Assistance. Householders' Registration,

ASCAR

Bond by Non-resident Householders,

Official Signatures,

No. 1 of 1889 & No. 4 of 1908 No. 7 of 1875 & Ño. 15 of 1902.

5,036

1,141

*

3,584

*

714

+

1,452

*

427

No. 3 of 1898.

75

300

225

240

240

No. 3 of 1888.

30

40

10

"

No. 11 of 1913.

210

138

72

Registration of Societies,

No. 47 of 1911.

25

55

30

Interest..

Miscellaneous,

Interest accrued on official account,

9

Refunds, etc.,

431

431

Other Miscellaneous Receipts,

Permits for Firework Displays,

GO

60

Total,.

7,258.10

5,072.07

265.00

2,451.03

Deduct Increase,

265.00

Total Decrease in 1915.

2,186.03

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

C 17

Table II.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs since 1906.

Year.

Revenue.

Expenditure.

Total. Decrease. Increase. Total. Decrease. Increase.

Percent- age of Expen- diture to Revenue.

$ c.

C.

....

1906, 177,284.21

:

$ c.

4,336.32 36,947.46

$ c.

c.

C.

%

5,186.14

20.84

1907.....

163,261.13 14,203.08

35,630.88

1,316.58

21.82

1908,

164.452.99

1,198.86 43,848.51

8,217.63

26.66

----

1909, 104,138.88 60,321.11

43,793.61

54.90

42.05

1910....

15,492.12 88,616.76

42,462.81

1,330.80

274-09

1911,

14,518,19

973.93

49,217.74

6.754.93 339.01

1912,

1913,

14.257.54

10,645.58 3,611.96

260.65

45,521.01 3,696.53

319.28

41,674.04 3,846.97

391.47

1914,

7,258.10 3,387.48

51,178.04

9.504.00 705.12

1915...

5,072.07 2.186.03

53,188.73

:

2,010.69 1,048.66

Table III.

Number of Women and Girls detained in a Place of Refuge by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under Sections 34 and 35 of Ordinance No. 4 of 1897, and arrangements made regarding them.

Under Detention on 1st January, 1915.

Detained during 1915.

Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total. Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total.

Total,

Permitted to leave,

Permitted to leave under bond,

Restored to husband,..

Restored to relatives,

Sent to native place,.

Married,

Adopted,

Sent to Refuge or Convent,

Sent to French Consul to be sent home,

Died,

Awaiting marriage,

Cases under consideration,........

...

4

97

41

138

142

3

2

5

5

2

1

3

3

2

16

120

48

Į.

2

2

20

20

168

172

Total,

4

Cases brought forward, 4.

Cases dealt with during the year, 150.

Cases carried forward, 20.

·

O 18

Table IV.

Number of Assisted Emigrants and of Female Passengers and Boys examined and passed before the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under "The Chinese Emigration Ordinances, 1889-1908,” during the year 1915.

- C 19

Whither Bound.

Male

Assisted

Women and Children, 1915.

Emigrants

1915.

Male

Assisted

Emigrants

Women

and

Children

Women. Girls. Boys. Total.

1914.

1914.

Burmah,

11

2

12

25

...

Siam,

91

19

23

133

42

Japan,

22

4

5

31

42

Straits Settlements, Malay Peninsula,

+

1,931

7,853

991

2,310

11,154

Dutch Indies,

3,805

629

61

615

1,305

7,584

548

11,249

698

Boruco,

28

45

***

Honolulu,

28

9

29

66

66

France,

101

Canada,

12

34

49

207

United States of America,

54

378

439

364

...

Mexico,

South America,

Mauritius,

Australia,

1

6

7

34

...

11

2

67

80

298

60

4

62

126

96

1

1

3

ة

39

India,

17

4

6

27

11

Africa,..

18

22

40

16

Shanghai,

2

2

...

...

Total, 1915,

5,764

8,810

1,107

3,572 13,489

Total, 1914,.

8,278

8,158

1,002

4,002 13,162

8,278

18,162

25

C 20

Table V.

Number of Assisted Emigrants.

Rejected.

Year.

Examined. Passed.

Rejected

Un-

at

willing.

S.C.A. as unfit.

Rejected by Doctor.

Sent Total back. rejected.

Percentage

of

rejection.

1913,

22,984 17,004*

595

620

93

85

1,393

6:06

1914,

12,272 8,278*

189

203

92

96

580

4.72

1915,

7,618 5,764*

47

69

74

190

2-49

* Including Emigrants to Borneo.

Treatment of Rejected Emigrants for 1915.

Sent home through Tung Wa Hospital at expense of

boarding houses,

115

Sent away without help,

3

Sent back to boarding houses out of the number re-

jected by doctor to be cured,

72

Total rejected,

190

Native Districts of Assisted Emigrants.

West River,

665

East River,

776

North River,

620

Canton,

758

Delta,

378

Kwong Sai,

1,298

Southern Districts,

932

Mandarin (Hunan and Kwong Sai),

337

Total,.....

5,764

1

C 21

Table VI.

Statement of the Receipts and Expenditure relative to the Hongkong District Watchmen Fund for the year 1915.

Receipts.

Expenditure.

* C.

$

C.

To Balance,

18,235

By Wages and Salaries.

Chief District Watchmen,

1,698

Contributions,

26,215

Assistant Chief District Watch-

men, Detectives...

1,199

1,383

""

Grant by Government,..

2,000

1st Class District Watchmen,

4,698

2nd

""

**

*

7,263

,, Payment for Special Services,

338

3rd

80

"

Allowance to Chief District

Watchmen and Detectives,

853

Interest,.

542

22

Medal Allowance,.....

372

Instructors' Allowance,

96

22

Fines,...

17,943

61

24

Miscellaneous :-

--

Cooks,

171

22

Rent from Mr. Ch'an Yui-tong for

Coolies,

448

permission to erect the iron gate

Messenger,

72

on I. L. No. 680 for the year 1915,

994 00

Office Staff:-

1

Manager,

308

Writer,

60

""

Condemned Stores, &c.,

6

Interpreter,

60

Collector,

360

**

788.00

Total....

19,725 61

Other Charges:-

Crown Rent,

Uniform and Equipment,

19 1.706

Stationery and Printing,

157

Rewards,

85

Gratuities,

178

Oil,

400

Premium on Fire Policies,

527

Loss on Exchange,

2,445

Rent of Telephone.

335

Fittings and Repairs,

442

Coolie Hire and Conveyance

Allowance,

230

Furniture,

135

Conservancy,

52

Photographs,

2

Sundries,

308

Alteration and Repairs to New

Pension:-

District Watchmen Station, Yaumati,...

Ex C. D. W. So Tai and Au Pún's widow,|

Total Expenditure,.

1,618

8,642 26

300 00

Balance,

28,667

87 18,695 21

Total,

47,363 08

Total,...........$

47,363 08

Disposal of Balance :-

On Fixed Deposit,

At Current Account, In Hand,

*

Total,.......

Cents omitted except in the totals.

.$12,500.00

6,179.57

15.64

$18,695.21

Male,

Female,

Patients.

Table VII.

Number of Patients under treatment and other statisties concerning the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1915.

Remaining in Hospital

on 31st December, 1914.

Chinese Treatinent.

European Treatment.

Total.

Admitted.

Total number of pa- tients under treatment.

Discharged.

Deaths.

Remaining in Hospital

on 31st December, 1915.

Chinese Treatment.

Treatment. European

Out-patients.

1932,116 1,293 3,709

46 389 459 848 894 554 296

3,902 2,821

893

188

68,893 6,896 75,789

823

855

777

44 34,866 6,230 41,096

433

:

Total.

Vaccination.

Dead bodies brought

Total,.

239 2,805 1,7524,5574,796 3,375| 1,189

|

232 103,759 13,126 116,885

8231,288 777

Total for 1914,

2112,773 1,699 |4,472 4,683 | 2,937 | 1,507

239 91,887 10,271 102,158

697 1711,064

I

to Hospital Mortuary

for burial.

Destitutes sent home.

C 22

1

C 23

Table VIII.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Tung Wa Hospital for the Yut Maü Year (1915).

Receipts.

Amount.

Payments.

*

Amount.

$

Balance brought forward from Kap Yan

Year, (1914),...

To rent of Hospital property,..

To Subscriptions:-

:

1. Annual Subscriptions of Hongs,.... 12,620

55,169

By Food for Staff,

5,521

Salaries and Wages,

17,858

""

Sick room expenses,.

6,317

38,133

19

Patients' food and washing,

7,789

"1

Chinese drugs,

14,024

European drugs,

4,476

Light,..

3,530

Passage money

to patients and

destitutes,.

228

2. Subscriptions collected on Steamers,

4,082

Repairs,....

3,097

Repairs to Hospital property,

1,126

3.

دو

and Donations, ....

4,718

Insurance,

902

""

Crown Rent,

1,195

4.

24

from wealthy persons,

2,770

Stationery, Telegrams, Stamps and

Advertisements,

1,135

5.

for the supply of

Sundries,

2,471

91

coffins,

medicines, builted clothing, and

6. Subscriptions by Directors, Assistant]

Directors, and Committee,

""

2,361

99

Repairs to the New Mortuary,

29

2,215

To Government Grant,

Expenses for Small-pox Hospital,

Subscription to the Kwong Wa

Hospital, the Fong Pin Hospital and the London Hospital,.... Payment for quilt coats and packing

up dead bodies,.

Repairs to houses Nos. 122 and 124

Bonham Strand,

815

304

...

4,206

Grant from Man Mo Temple,

">

Interest,.....

,,

""

Compensation from Government for

land resumed....

Premium on notes,

""

Payment for medicines, sale of kitchen

""

f

!

>>

refuse, and rent of Mortuary and Sundries,

Contribution from the Ko Shing and

Kau U Fong Theatres,

40% of the proceeds from theatrical performances held by the 4 Hospitals

Grand Total,....

*

28,768

99

¡

8,000

"

2,500

4,980

5,648

80,649

Burial of bodies from Government

Mortuary, (Victoria), .

1,093

:

:..

:

4,121

"

Coffins for bodies from Government

Mortuary, (Victoria)..................................

1,859

2,931

,,

Burial of bodies by Tung Wa Hos-

pital,

2,872

་་

Coffins for bodies by Tung Wa

Hospital,

3,334

9,480

9,159

...

1,750

Total,

89,808

16,618

Balance,......

82,614

$172,453.65

Grand Total,.

$172,453.65

*Cents omitted except in the totals.

.:

Table IX.

Statement of Assets and Liabilities of the Tung Wa Hospital at the close of the Yut Maü Year (1915).

Liabilities.

Amount.

Assets.

Amount.

*

To Loan from Relief Fund,.....

8,440

وو

י

}}

Cheap Sale of Rice Fund,.

29,681

Man Mo Temple Fund, ....

5,860

""

""

San Francisco Relief Fund,

5,470

>>

15

وو

""

Further Loan from Man Mo Temple

Fund,

6,000

11

Further Loan from Cheap Sale of Rice

Fund,.

88,887

""

Loan from Hospital Extension Fund, | 15,226

109,566

By Bauk Balance at close of year :--- With Shanghai Bank,

House Property (original value) :—- 2 houses in Bonham Strand and Jervois Street,

1 house in Wing Lok Street (includ- ing cost of additions to building),. 10 houses in Aberdeen Street and Tung Wa Lane (including cost of additions to building),

10,400

8,108

14,900

2 houses in Connaught Road and Des Voeux Road,

17,386

Balance of Assets over Liabilities,

149,932

7 houses in Queen's Road West

(including cost of additions to building),

30,363

2 houses in Bonham Strand West, 3 houses in Bonham Strand,

26,000

15,000

10 houses in Po Yan Street and New Street (at present used as Plague

Hospital),

54,697

Total,.

$ 259,499.21

Subscriptions not yet paid :— From Hongs,

""

Individuals,

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Total,.......

$1,500

500

$2,000

*

82,644

176,854

$ 259,499.21

K

- C 24-

Receipts.

*

Table X.

Emergency Fund: Yut Maü Year (1915).

Amount.

Balance from Kap Yan Year (1914).

Interest,

59,426

1,426

Payments.

Amount.

*

60,853,96

Gift to boatman Cheung Shing Fu, Passage money to destitute Yeung Ki and 22 others,

Passage money to wrecked destitute Lau Sham and 73 others, Provision for wrecked destitutes of 7 boats, Passage money to wrecked destitutes Ip Hop Shun and 199 others,

Passage money to wrecked destitutes Ip Shun Hop and 193 others,

Passage money to Destitute So Tsiu and 47 others from Kong Mun,

Passage money to Hong Ngan and 3 others, Balance,

Grand Total,

50

46

141

39

268

211

37

5

60,053

60,853.96

Grand Total,...............................

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

C 25

Receipts.

Table XI.

Man Mo Temple Fund: Yut Maü Year (1915).

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

Balance from Kap Yan Year (1914),

14,145

Tung Wa Hospital,

2,500

Temple Keeper,.....................

4,140

Free Schools and sundries,

6,383

Rent of Temple property,..........

5,031

Interest,

325

Balance at close of the year :- With Shanghai Bank,

14,834

Refund of Crown Rent,

19

Police rates for the free school,

55

Grand Total,.

23,717.85

Grand Total,...

23,717.85

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

C 26 -

1

Balance from 1914,

Revenue.

Table XII.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Brewin Charity 1915.

Rent from shop property in Temple Street,

Premium obtained by converting into coins the notes collected as rent from the shop pro- perty, Temple Street,............................

Interest on deposits with Shanghai Bank,

Commission on Insurance for Temple Street property,

Grand Total,...

Amount.

$

Expenditure.

Amount.

*

3,803

""

4,989

""

""

*

By Charity given to widows and orphans,

Fees for Hawkers' Licences,

Photographs,

.....

Police rates paid for Temple Street property,...

1,344

8

2

541

""

Salary for rent collector Mr. Leung Fuk Chi (at $15 per month),

195

131

>>

Fares for launch and tram car for rent collector,.........

*

78

""

""

101

""

}}

3

AA

Stamps, receipts and printed matters, Repairs to Temple Street property,........................... Crown Rent on the above property for 2nd half year of 1914 and for 1915, Fee for attachment of furniture on above

property,

Insurance for above property,

Discount on subsidiary coins,

Salary to accountant Mr. Chan Yik Wan for 1914 and from January to October, 1915,

16

37

...

155

6

525

173.

>>

Balance,

9,102.26

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Grand Total,..

100

5,978

9,102.26

- C 27 -

Patients.

Male,

Female,

Table XIII.

Number of Patients under treatment and other statistics concerning the Kwong Wa Hospital during the year 1915.

Remaining in Hospital

on 31st December, 1914.

Chinese Treatment.

European Treatment.

Total.

Admitted.

Total Number of pa- tients under treatment.

Discharged.

Deaths.

Remaining in Hospital on 31st December, 1914.

Chinese

Treatment.

European Treatment.

Total.

Out-patients.

Vaccinations.

Dead bodies brought to Hospital Mortuary for burial.

Destitutes sent home.

2 23

62 671 687

1,358 1,420 | 1,014

331

75

4,218 6,437 10,655

86

20

181 282 463 483 294

165

24

4,001 8,793 12,794

51

:

:

Total,

82

852

969 1,821 1,903 1,308

496

99

8,219 15,230 23,449 137

...

Total for 1914,

88

976

723.1,699 1,787

959

74682 6,344 3,791 10,135 91

...

:

:

- C 28

Table XIV.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Kwong Wa Hospital for the Yut Maii Year (1915).

Receipts.

Amount.

Payments.

Amount,

$

*

*

Balance bought forward from Kap Yan

Year (1914).

345

Refund of loan to Tung Wa Hospital, Salaries and wages,

31,284

6,821

Government Grant,

8,500

Food for staff,

2,080

Loan from Tung Wa IIospital,

20,183

Patients' food and washing,.

3,639

Proceeds from theatrical performances held

Sick room expenses,.

388

by 4 Hospitals,..

12,463

Coal,

485

Proceeds from theatrical performances held

European drugs,

4,030

by the Hospital,...

3,736

Chinese drugs,

1,739

Proceeds from theatrical performances held

Stationery, stamps and advertisements,..

358

by Liu Yik Tseung,

600

Light,

356

Proceeds from theatrical performances held

Telephone,

110

by Ip Tsz Kwan,.

500

Repairs,

126

Proceeds from theatrical performances held

Furniture,

129

by Lam Long Wan King,

274

Discount on sub-coins,..

313

Proceeds from theatrical performances at

Inferior coins,

17

the Tin Hau Temple,.............

134

Sundries,

366

Contribution from Tung Wa Hospital,

2,000

Bonus to servants,

171

""

wealthy persous,

600

Coffins,

651

Ko Shing Theatre, -

1,200

Burial expenses (apart from coffins),..

320

""

Tai Ping Theatre,

1,000

??

charitable persous,

886

house to house in Yaumati,

218

Coffins for bodies from Yaumati Mortuary,. Burial of bodies from Yaumati Mortuary,.. Expenses of Small-pox Hospital, Yaumati,..

519

291

159

"

"}

Fees from patients,

411

Payments for Chinese medicine,

430

Fees from private patients,

203

Premium on dollars and ten cent pieces,

370

Payment for kitchen refuse,

....

171

Refund from Yaumati Public Dispensary, ...

375

Cash with Manager,

$ 54,363.85

420.56

Petty receipts,

178

Grand Total,..

$54,784.41

Total,..

54,784.41

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

- O 29 -

Ĉ 30

Table XV.

Summary of work done by the Chinese Public Dispensaries: Victoria,

Harbour, Shaukiwan. and Kowloon Peninsula.

Description.

Grand Grand

Total.

Total

Total

1915.

1914.

New Cases,

Return Cases,

56,630 $2,613

...

Total................

89,243

77,207

99

Certificate of nature of disease issued,

cause of death.

Patients removed to hospital by ambulance, Corpses remove to hospital or mortuary,

Attendance at cleansing of infected premises,. Compensation, claims sent in,...

Applications received for coffins,

25

15

372

358

327

617

1,074

1,569

212

1,563

1

132

519

898

for midwives,

158

228

""

Infants brought to office, (alive),

131

""

""

(dead),

1,241

Total,..

1,372

1,243

Vaccination at house,

office,

212

...

4,991

""

Total,......

5,203

5,493

Table XVI.

Chinese Public Dispensaries: Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1915.

Receipts.

Government Grant to the East and

West Plague Hospitals......

Donation from Tai Ping Theatre,

Donation from San Theatre, Victoria,

*

$

24,300

98

To Balance,

1,820

4,800

Victoria,

500

Ko Shing Theatre, Į

""

300

Victoria,

Donation from Committee of Tam

Expenditure.

Maintenance of Dispensaries, Victoria,20,951

"

}}

>

Harbour Dispensary, | 3,569

Shaukiwan

*

3,056

27,577

77

**

Kung Temple at Wong Nei Chung for permission to hold

theatrical performances,..

Part of proceeds of theatrical per- formances in aid of the Dis- pensary Fund from Committee

100

4,154

of 4 Hospitals,

Balance of Subscriptions for the building of Sham Shui Po Dis- pensary transferred to Sham Shui Po Dispensary Account,

Part cost of building of the Amal- gamated Harbour and Yaumati Dispensary,

Annual Subscriptions, Land,

13,420

Harbour,

8,511

"y

Subscriptions, Shaukiwan,

755

Balance :-

32,541 76

At Current Account,

Subscription from Mr. R. O. Hut-

chison towards the building of

In hand,.......

500

Amalgamated Harbour and

Yaumati Dispensary,..

Subscriptions

to West Plague

Hospital,

Rent of house No. 3, Aberdeen Street,

Interest,

+

Premium on exchange,

365

1,272

630

46

$61,477 58

518

4,525

|32,620 77

28,143

153

Advance to Dispensary Clerks,

60

>>

Alice Memorial Hos- pital for purchase of drugs, .... [

500

28,856 81

* Cents omitted except in the totals,

$61,477

א.

31

C 32

Table XVII.

Kowloon Peninsula Dispensaries.

Statement of Accounts, 1915.

Description.

Yaumati. Hung-Kowloon Sham-

hom.

City. shuipo.

$

$

*

S

Receipts :-

To Balance,

$3,111

586

241

Overdrawn by Local Committee,

87

3,024

Subscriptions,

4.096

2,145

1,186

2,427

Donations from "Po Hing" Theatre, Donation from "Lam Long Wan King'

Dramatic Society,

611

289

266

Grant from Chinese Public Dispensary,

Hunghom,

150

600

:

::

454

79

180

1,050

Donation from "Kún Yam" Temple, Proceeds of Theatrical Performances in aid of Dispensary Fund, Government Grant to the Plague

Hospital,...

Donations from "Han Wong" Temple. Donation from Kaifong of Yaumati forr permission to hold theatrical pe formances,

Balance of subscriptions for the build-

ing of Shamshuipo Dispensary transferred from Victoria Dis- pensaries,

Compensation by Government for re-

moval of "Tin Hau " Temple, Donation from Committee of Sham- shuipo Dispensary for permission to hold theatrical performances, Donation from "Tin Hau" and Kwan

Tai Temples,

Expenditure

Total,......

Through Secretariat for Chinese

Affairs,

By Local Committee,

:

:.

:

200

518

100

400

2,121

8,148.24 4,074.56 2,938.05 | 5,566.90

1,650 1,590 1,488 2,204 3,000 1,608 1,293 2,020

4,650.40 3,198.94 2,781.47 4,225.13

Total,..

Balance :-

At Secretariat for Chinese Affairs, With Local Committee,

3,105

Total,

392

$3,497.34

74 801

137

88 18 1,253

875.62

156,58 1,341.77

* Cents omitted except in the totals,

1

Number of deaths.

Nunber certified.

Table XVIII.

Deaths of Chinese in Hongkong and Kowloon during 1915 showing number in which the cause of death was duly certified and number in which a post-mortem examination was held.

1

N

3

5

7

uncertified.

Number

Victoria,

Harbour,

4,899

2,191

2,708

44.7

101

2.0

21

0.4

874

241

633

27.5

25

2.8

0:3

Kowloon,.....

1,537

779

758

50.6

0.3

0.0

Shaukiwan,

272

65

207

23.9

1

0.3

0

0.0

Other villages in Hongkong,

141

25

116

.17.7

(

0.0

0

0·0

Total,.

7,723

3,301

4,422

42.7

135

1.7

24

0.3

Percentage of 3 to 2.

Number examined

after death and not sent to mortuary.

Percentage of

6 to 2.

mortuary.

Number sent to

Percentage of

8 to 2.

33 -

9

Table XIX.

Monthly Return of Bodies of Chinese considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year 1915.

Victoria Districts.

Victoria.

Mouth.

Total. Harbour. Kowloon.

West.

Central.

East.

Hongkong

outside

Victoria.

New Territories.

Total.

Grand

Total.

January,

February,

March,..

April,

May,

June,

July;

August,

September,

October,

November,

December,

Grand Total,

Total for 1914,

2

5

4

0

10

8

2

4

9

9

7-~- - ∞ CO 2 O +2

4

* 2 & 01 00 00 00

12

10

10

10

2000

4

10

56227

25

1

8

10

13

12

15

6

12

14

19

4

14

17

2

6

20

9

29

23

2

20

4

15

9

13

6

HO20 00 - 30 2 2 1–21 O

66

35

41

142

66

198

53

107

85

68

260

134

247

72

* In 1915, of 467, 132 were taken to Chinese Public Dispensaries. † In 1914, of 714, 172 were taken to Chinese Public Dispensaries.

C 34-

2010

39

51

19

29

20

30

20

30

31

35

19

34

COONI —

32

46

25

39

28

34

40

49

24

47

28

43

00

8

325

467 *

454

714 †

Y

C 35

Table XX.

Return of Bodies abandoned for the years 1913, 1914 and 1915.

(Figures supplied by the Police Department.)

1913.

Male.

Female.

Unknown.

Over

15 years.

15 years and under.

Over

15 years.

Victoria,

39

26

Kowloon,..

21

81

Harbour,

4

25

Elsewhere,

5

20

15 years and under.

1629

Over

15 years.

15 years

and under.

37

84

20

252

14

:6

Total.

103

198

52

42

Total,

69

152

15

155

402

1914.

Victoria,

56

Kowloon,.

37

112

Harbour,

3

Elsewhere,

16

23

2208

52

26

10160

5

39

154

109

271

22

66

17

1

60

Total,

118

213

25 187

Victoria,

21

24

D

Kowloon,. Harbour, Elsewhere,

79

23

Total,

223

52

1915.

132

241

29

76

15

11

:

8 131

Co

:

600001

551

75

174

56

29

11

334

To Balance,

Rent of Stalls,

Table XXI.

Chinese Recreation Ground: Receipts and Expenditure, 1915.

Receipts.

Payments.

*

4,404

By Wages of Watchmen, &c.,

558

3,614

""

Improvement of Chinese Recreation Ground, 3,039

Architect's Fee,..

350

>>

Miscellaneous,

135

"}

Balance,

3,936

Total,..

8,019.43

Total,

8,019.43

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

C 36

Receipts.

Table XXII.

Statements of Amounts of Passage Money Fund.

Payments.

#A

*

By Gifts to 16 women on being married, Annual Charitable Allowance to two per-

وو

sons,

Subscription to Eyre Diocesan Refuge,.

"

Alice Memorial Hospital,

Gifts in aid of repatriation of emigrants,...... Gratuity to Wong Li Shi for recovering her daughter,...

Small gifts to distressed persons,

34

1882

72

50

50

41

22

11

280

To Balance at Current Account,

$2,179

Cash,

36

י,

2,216

11

>>

Passage Money Received,

$1,244

""

Less Refunds,

506

738

""

Expenses in connection with repatriation of emigrants recovered from Singapore, &c.,...

Interest on Current Account,

"}

"

Miscellaneous,

88

76

Balance:-

"

Current Account,

13

Cash,

Total,

$

3,133.77

*Cents omitted except in the totals.

$2,806

46

2,853

-C 37 -

Total,

$3,133.77

Table XXIII.

Prosecutions under Ordinances No. 3 of 1888, No. 1 of 1889, and No. 4 of 1897.

Remarks.

- C 38

*Including 1 defendant ordered to be bound over in a personal bond of $100 and to come up for judgment when called upon.

Offence.

Convicted.

Discharged.

No. of

Cases.

Male.

Female. Male.

Female.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.

Bills,-Posting without permission,

Fireworks, Discharging without permits,

Drums and Gongs,-Night noises by beating,

Processions,-Organising in the public streets

without permit, ....

Householders' Registration,-Failing to register,

1

I

29

124

I

1

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Ordinance No. 1 of 1889.

Decoying men or boys into or away from the Colony,

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil

Keeping unlicensed Emigration Houses,

Nil.

Nil.

NI.

Nil.

Nil.

Neglecting to enter names of boarders on register,.

Nil. Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Personating Emigrants,

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Ail.

Nil.

Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.

Abduction of girls under the age of 18 years

*

2

2

(Section 26),...

Decoying women and girls into or away from the Colony,

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil

Nil.

Detaining, harbouring or receiving women or girls,.| Procuration of girls under age to have carnal connection,

6

1

2

2

2

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Knowingly deriving profits from prostitution, letting women out for hire, and trading in them,

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

C 39

Annexe A.

Report on the work of the Po Leung Kuk for the year 1915.

The following gentlemen were elected in March to serve as the Managing Committee for the year :—

Wu Chu-wan,

Lam Heung-lun,

Lo Chung-kui,

Tong Yat-chun, Tam Pak-shiu,

T'se Yam-chi,

Lan Tak-po, Ho Iu,

Chan Shiu-ha,

Ip Li-kong, Un Wan-kiu,

Chan Cheuk-hing.

The number of inmates in the Po Leung Kuk on January 1st, 1915, was 41 and 526 persons were admitted during the year as against 435 in 1914. The circumstances of their admission and the action taken in regard to them are set out in Table A.

One hundred and sixty-eight (168) women and girls were com- mitted under warrant and 309 were admitted without warrant. Of the remainder 23 were lost children, 10 were accompanied by parent or guardian, and 8 were runaway maid-servants.

On leaving the Kuk 143 women and girls were restored to their husbands or other relatives; 44 were sent to charitable institutions in China, 48 were given in adoption, and 16 married. The number released under bond was 4; 3 cases were sent to the Eyre Refuge, Italian Convent, or Victoria Home. The number of inmates remain- ing in the Kuk on the 31st December was 75.

The income and expenditure during the year, and the assets and liabilities of the institution are set out in Tables B and C attached.

The accounts of the Managing Committee in the customary form have again been audited by Messrs. Chiu Chau-sam and Li Yau-tsun. The balance to the credit of the Society at the end of the year was $19,230 as compared with $17,855 at the end of 1914. The increase is mainly due to the increase in subscriptions-notably from the Guilds. At the same time, in spite of the larger number dealt with, the economy of the Committee has kept the expenditure down to within $100 of the figure for 1914; and they are to be congratulated upon the successful issue of their work.

The institution was visited monthly by Justices of the Peace, Messrs. A. Mackenzie and Chow Siu-ki, who on no occasion found cause for adverse comment. The average monthly number of inmates was 60,

C 40

k

The matron reports favourably on the conduct and industry of the inmates. There were 55 cases of illness treated at the Tung Wa Hospital. Five of these cases, -3 boys, one girl and one woman,-ended fatally.

Of the Permament Board, Mr. Hui Chiu-lam died and Messrs. Yung Shiu-po and Siu Yuen-fai resigned. The vacancies were filled by Messrs. Li Po-kwai, Chan King-wan, and Mok Tso-tsun.

3rd May, 1916.

E. R. HALLIFAX, Secretary for Chinese Affairs, President.

Table A.

Number of Women and Girls admitted to the Po Leung Kuk during the year 1915 and. the

arrangements made regarding them.

January, 1915, In the Po Leung Kuk on 1st

Admitted during the year,

Total.

Total. Committed under Warrant from the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

Committed under Warrant from Emigration Office.

Pending the opening of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs. Sent with their own consent by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs Sent with their own consent from Singapore. Manila and Swatow.

Sent with their own consent

by the Police.

Lost Children.

Accompanying parents or

guardians

Runaway maid-servants.

Total.

Released after enquiry.

Released under bond.

Placed in charge of husband.

Placed in charge of parents and relatives

Sent to Charitable Institutions

in China.

Sent to School, Convent or Refuge.

Adopted.

Married.

Sent to French Consul to be sent home.

Died.

Cases under consideration.

Total.

B

2

13

...

2

شات

... 526 120 | 48

18 181 50 78 23

10

8526 224

311127 43

3 | 35

ber, 1915, Kuk on the 31st Decem- Remaining in the Po Leung

567123

48 | 20 | 200 | 51

93 | 23

75 18

2

:

30

19

1

:

t-

9 567 229

4

13130 44

3 48

16

*

75

69 1526

10

5

75567

C 41

Table B.

Po LEUNG KUK.

Statement of Receipts and Expenditure from 1st January to 31st December, 1915.

A

8,300

17,000

2,230

19,230

RECEIPTS.

EXPENDITURE.

Balance from previous year :

On Fixed Deposit,

16,000

At Current Account,

1,855

17,855

Balance :-

Subscriptions:-

By the Elected Committee :- (see Table C),

On Fixed Deposit,

At Current Account,

Yue Lan Celebrations, West Point,......

344

Elected Committee,

280

Guilds,

5,517

Man Mo Temple,

1,262

Theatres,

A

1,187

8,621

Interest :-

On Deposit,

1,000

On Current Account,

53

1,053

Total,.

27,530.34

C 42

Total,

27,530.34

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Table C.

Statement showing particulars of Expenditure by the Elected Committee from the Ist January to the 31st December, 1915.

RECLIPTS,

Balance from previous year,

Received from Permanent Board,

Miscellaneous Receipts,..

Premium on bank notes,

*

EXPENDITURE.

$

*

C 43 -

43

Decorations,

8,300

Food,...

33

Light and Fire,

56

3,076

757

238

Miscellaneous,

591

Passage Money,

48

L'etty Expenditure,

301

Printing,

73

Repairs,

357

Stationery,

134

Telephone,

111

Insurance,

321

Wages,

2,714

8,545

Balance,

8,616.20

Total,..

70

8,616.20

Total,.....$

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Appendix D.

REPORT OF THE HARBOUR MASTER

FOR THE YEAR 1915.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

REPORT.

1.-Shipping.

2.-Trade.

3. Revenue and Expenditure. 4.-Steam-launches.

5.-Emigration and Immigration. 6.-Registry of Shipping. 7.-Marine Magistrate's Court.

8. Marine Court.

9.-Examination of Masters,

Mates and Engineers. 10.-Examination of Pilots. II. Sunday Cargo Working.

New Territories. 13.-Lighthouses.

12.

TABLES.

1.-Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of Vessels entered. II.-Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of Vessels cleared. III.-Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of Vessels entered

at each Port.

IV.--Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of Vessels cleared

at each Port.

V.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each Nation

entered.

VI.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each Nation

cleared.

VII-Junks entered from China and Macao.

VIII.-Junks cleared from China and Macao.

IX. Summary of Arrivals and Departures of all Vessels.

X.-Licensed Steam-launches entered.

XI.-Licensed Steam-launches cleared.

XII.-Number of Boat Licences issued.

XIII.--Statement of Revenue.

XIV.-Chinese Passenger Ships cleared by the Emigration Officer

(Summary).

XV. Return of Emigration.

XVI-Return of Male and Female Emigrants.

XVII.-Vessels bringing Chinese Passengers to Hongkong from

places out of China (Summary).

XVIII. Return of Immigration.

XIX.-Return of Male and Female Emigrants returned.

D 2

XX.-Vessels registered.

XXI-Vessels struck off the Register.

XXII.-Comparison in Number and tonnage of Vessels in Foreign

Trade entered and cleared since 1905.

XXIII.-Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department. XXIV.—Diagram of Tonnage of Vessels entered.

ANNEXES.

A.-Report on the Mercantile Marine Office. B.-Report on the Marine Surveyor's Office. C.--Report on the Gunpowder Depôt.

1. Shipping.

1. The total of the Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1915 amounted to 531,602 vessels of 33,884,919 tons, which, compared with the figures for 1914, shows an increase of 14,163 vessels, with a decrease of 2,872,032 tons.

Of the above, 50,148 vessels of 22,515,023 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade, as compared with 51,214 vessels of 25,279,624 tons in 1914, and were distributed as follows:-

1914. Numbers.

1915. Numbers.

1914. Tonnage.

1915. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going Ships, 8.3 %

7.9 %

33.0 %

32.7 %

Foreign Ocean-

going Ships,

8.2

7:3

33.9

31.1

British River

Steamers, ...

13.0

13:3

15'9

178

Foreign River

Steamers, ... 3.5

3.8

3.6

4.1

Steam-launches

(under 60

tons),.

13.4

13.7

10

11

Trading Junks, 536

54.0

12'6

13:2

100.0

100'0

1000

100'0

N.B.—The movements of Fishing Junks are not included in the above figures.

2. Of vessels of European construction, 3,820 Ocean Steamers, 4 Sailing Ships, 4,283 River Steamers, and 3,437 Steam Launches entered during the year, giving a daily average entry of 316 ships, as compared with 324 in 1914, and 299 in 1913.

A

D 3

3. The average tonnage of individual Ocean Vessels entering the Port has decreased from 2,6121 tons to 2,519 9 tons. That of British Ships has decreased from 2,636 3 tons to 2,625 tons, while that of Foreign Ships has decreased from 2,590 2 to 2,441-2 tons.

During the past 20 years, the average tonnage of Ocean-going Vessels has increased from 1,268 tons to 1,877.2 tons.

The average tonnage of River Steamers entering during the year has decreased from 582-1 tons to 486'9 tons.

That of British River Steamers has decreased from 6004 tons to 519 3 tons, and that of Foreign River Steamers has decreased from 513-5 tons to 414'4 tons.

4. A comparison between the years 1914 and 1915 is given in the following table :-

1914.

1915.

Increase.

Decrease.

Class of Vessels.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

British

Ocean- )

going,

j

Foreign Ocean-i

4,265 | 8,321,692 3,988|| 7,358,586

4,199

277 963,106

8,592,222 | 3,673 | 7,023,222

526 1.569,000

going,

British River

6,643 3,990,712 | 6,676

Steamers.....

Foreign River

Steamers...

1,777

4,022,853

913,270 1.892 928.147

33

32,141

115

14,877

:

Steamships un-

der 60 tous

6,856

251,983 6,822 228,510

(Foreign

Trade),...

Junks, Foreign

Trade,

27,474 3,209.745|27,097 || 2,953,705

Total, Foreign 51,214 25,279,624 50,148 22,515,023 148

Trade,

Steam-launches

Waters of

458,174 10,279,456 | 446,938 10,022,806 8,764

34

23,473

377

256,010

47,018 1,214 2,811.619

plying in

256,650

Colony,

Junks, Local

Trade,

*28,051 1,197,871 134,516 †1.347,090| 6,465

149,219

Grand Total, 517,439 36,756,951 531,602 33,884,919 15,377

196,257 1,214 3,068,269

Net,....... [14,163

(2,872,032

* Including 10.230 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 503,932 tons.

t,

10,082

27

17

"

95

of 505,660

D +

5. This table shows a decrease in British Ocean-going Shipping of 277 ships, or 6'9 per cent., and a decrease of 963,106 tons, or 130 per cent.

British River Steamers show an increase of 33 ships of 32,141 tons or 0.5 per cent. in numbers and 08 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to these steamers making a greater number of trips.

Foreign Ocean-going vessels have decreased by 526 ships of 1,569,000 tons or 14.3 per cent. in numbers and 22.3 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to the absence of Enemy Ships and also the withdrawal from the Eastern Trade of the Pacific Mail Company's Steamers.

Foreign River Steamers show an increase of 115 ships of 14,877 tons, or 60 per cent. in numbers and 16 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to these steamers making more trips and also the addition of the S.S. Sheng Cheong.

Steam Launches in Foreign Trade show a decrease of 34 ships of 23,473 tons, or 0'5 per cent. in numbers and 103 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to one of the regular launches being off the run for two months.

Junks in Foreign Trade show a decrease of 377 vessels of 256,040 tons, or 16 per cent. in numbers and 8.7 per cent. in tonnage. This decrease is probably due to the restrictions on junks arriving and clearing.

In Local Trade (i.e., trade between places within the waters of the Colony) there is an increase in Steam Launches of 8,764 vessels with a decrease in tonnage of 256,650 tons or 19 per cent. in numbers and 20 per cent. in tonnage. This is explained by the fact that smaller launches have taken the place of the larger launches which are being used as examination vessels.

In Local Trade Junks there is shown an increase of 6,465 vessels of 149,219 tons or 172 per cent. in numbers and 110 per cent. in tonnage. This is explained by the fact that a better control is now exercised as these craft have to report themselves and get a permit to pass outward through the examination service.

6. The actual number of individual Ocean-going vessels of European construction entered during 1915 was 724, of which 310 were British and 414 were Foreign. In 1914 the corresponding figures were 825, 385 British and 440 Foreign.

These 724 ships measured 1,824,395 tons. They entered 3,824 times and gave a collective tonnage of 7,181,699 tons. Thus 101 fewer ships entered 402 times, and gave a collective tonnage reduced by 1,286,910 tons, an average of 3,2012 tons per entry.

J

D 5

Thus

Steamers.

Flag.

No. of Times Total Tonnage.

entered.

1914. 1915. 1914. 1915. 1914.

1915.

Steamersi 383

British

308

2,130

1,989 4,168,538 3,669,800

Sailing...

2

2

3

Steamers 188

264

826

2 7,249 5,419 972 2,114,4942,253,086

Japanese

Sailing

2

328

German,

96

350

691,852

Norwegian,

29

28

205

199

218,721 199,341

Austrian.

11

30

98,693

Chinese,

23

38

224

236

271,727 271,183

Danish,

4

16

6

46,906 18,634

Dutch,

19

23

124

132

252,700 293,002

French,

22

25

154

164

248,280 230,242

Italian...

Portuguese,

5

71

59

32,968

34,547

Russian,

15

4

20

15

54,721 16,571

Swedish,

8

6

12

24,093

20,342

U.S.A.

Steamers 13

15

60

39

236,624 169,204

Sailing... 1

1

1,043

Total,

825 7244,226 | 3,824 8,468,609|7,181,699

7. The 310 British ships carried 2,790 British officers and 27 Foreign officers, the latter consisting of 5 U.S.A., 4 Dutch, 7 Swedish, and 11 Norwegian.

Thus, the proportion of Foreign officers in British ships was 090 per cent. comprising 4 nationalities, an increase of 58 per cent. with a decrease in number of officers and of ships.

8. The 414 Foreign ships carried 3,312 officers, of whom 66 were British as follows:-

1914.

1915.

In Chinese ships

84

55

""

Japanese ships

6

7

United States ships -

1

4

}}

""

French ships

-

O

94

66

Thus, 199 per cent. of the officers serving in Foreign ships. were of British nationality, with a decrease in number of officers and of ships.

- D 6-

9. The Nationality of the Crews in British and in Foreign ships was as follows:-

VESSELS.

BRITISH CREW.

U. S. A. AND EUROPEANS.

ASIATICS.

1914. 1915 1914. 1915. 1914. 1915. 1914. 1915.

British,. 385 310 24,264 20,253 || 866 901 135,214 128,160

Foreign,. 440

1,571 1,155 24,428 10,791 118,268 114,516

414

Total,

825 724-25,835 21,408 25,294 11,692 253,482 242,676

Hence in British ships :-

And in Foreign ships: -

1914. 1915.

1914.

1915.

15.13%

13:57 % of the crews were British.

1.08 %

0-91% of the crews were British.

0.5 %

0.60% of the crews 16.93 %

8:53 % of the crews

were other Europeans.

were other Europeans.

84.33 % 85.83% of the crews 81.98% 90·56 % of the crews

were Asiatics.

2.-Trade.

were Asiatics.

10. The figures and statistics which here follow are not neces- sarily strictly accurate as they are derived from the reports by masters of ships, and not from ship's manifest, as they would be in the case of a port that was not free, and where all cargo would have to pass through a customs house.

Imports. Here is shown a decrease of 280,750 tons, or 67 per cent. which is of course due to the war entirely. This decrease is almost all a shortage from European countries as the local trade has been quite up to the normal, except in the case of Coal. Increases are shown in the following:-Beans, Rice and Timber whilst decreases are shown under the following, Coal, Cotton, Flour, Hemp, Kerosene both Case and Bulk, Liquid Fuel and General.

Beans.—Here the increase is very slight and shows that the trade being a local one has kept normal.

Coal. A very large decrease in Coal has occurred, and this is naturally due to the falling off in large Ocean Vessels taking Bunker Coal, and with less demand, so there has been less importation. No coal has been imported from Great Britain, but an increase is shown from Chinese Ports.

1

D 7

Flour. A decrease is shown here of 56,597 tons. Again this is owing principally to the large stocks which were imported towards the latter part of 1914 and held over for a higher price. Also the Chinese did not use as much flour as in 1914 owing to the appreciable cheapening of the rice market. It is also due to high freights ruling and high cost of wheat in America.

Hemp.-Here again a decrease is shown of 17,161 tons, most of this shortage is probably transhipment cargo, as often hemp is transhipped here into Home boats.

Kerosene Oil.--Bulk Oil shows a decrease of 5,636 tons and Case Oil of 25,161 tons, the decrease shown in Bulk Oil is only a nominal one and means that the trade has maintained an even balance but Case Oil shows a heavy decrease due undoubtedly to the high freight rates ruling and the difficulty of getting tonnage, which would have the effect of considerably increasing the cost per case. Importers who had large stocks in hand at the beginning of the year did not import hoping for more normal times. One cargo for Hongkong was lost off the coast of Japan, and owing to collapse of Panama Canal, cargo destined to arrive in 1915 did not arrive until January 1916.

Liquid Fuel.—A decrease is shown of 14,945 tons, which is due entirely to the war, the withdrawal of the fleet and consequently small demand for this commodity outside merchant shipping. The fleet were practically the only consumers of Liquid Fuel out of this port.

Rattan. Here a decrease is shown, but in reality the importation has been about normal, the decrease shown being due to this cargo being classed as General.

Rice. Here is shown an appreciable increase, and this is ac- counted for by the exceptionally large crops gathered during the year both in Siam and Indo-China, and the excessive demand from South China owing to the floods, and large tracts of rice land not being under cultivation. This again being a local trade, has been unaffected by the war.

Timber. Here an increase is shown which is due to the falling off of stocks at the end of 1914, which have been more than made up this year.

General.--The decrease here of 47,562 tons is small, only amounting to 2 per cent. This of course like the preceding year is due entirely to the war and the small amount of goods being exported from European countries.

Exports. An increase is shown in Exports of 79,793 tons or 3 per cent. This again is principally local, as export trade has been particularly brisk between Hongkong, the Straits and India. Coast Ports have also had a large share of attention. But although an increase is shown for the year, export trade is still far below the average of 1913.

D 8

Transit. The decrease in Transit Cargo which was very

marked in 1914 has continued to decrease to a still greater extent this year, and the same reason must undoubtedly be given for it, viz., the falling off in large Ocean Vessels visiting the port both from European and American ports.

11. The number and tonnage of ships of European type of construction carrying cargo for import and transit, compared with 1914, are as follows:-

1914.

1915.

Increase.

Decrease.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

Steamers,

4,2228,460,317 | 3,820 | 7,175,952

River Steamers, 4,213 2,452,437 4,283 | 2,475,916

Sailing Vessels, 4 8,292

402 1,284,365

70 23.479

5,747

2,545

Total,..

8,439 10,921,046 | 8,107| 9,687,615 70 23,479 402 1,286,910

Nett Decrease,.

332 1,263,431

12. The corresponding figures relating to ships of European type of construction exporting cargo, and shipping bunker coal, follow :-

EXPORTS.

1914.

1915.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

No. Tonnage.

No. Tonnage.

Steamers,

River Steamers,

Sailing Vessels,

4,235 8,438,833 3,831 4,207 | 2,451,545 4,285

3

7,192,274

404 1,246,559

2,475,084

78

23,539

6,472

6

7,835

3

1,363

Total,

8,445 10,896,850| 8,122 9,675,193 81

24,902 404

1,246,559

Net Decrease,

323

1,221,657

Exported 2,465,395 tous including River Trade as compared with 2,385,602 tons in 1914.

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Bunker

Strs.

Coal.

Steamers,

4,235

515,827 3,831

427,401

404

88,426

River Steamers,

4,207

77,356 4,285

76,123 78

1,233

Total,

8,442

593,1838,116,

303,524

78

404

89,659

Net Decrease,

326

89,659

- D 9-

D 10

13. The River Trade, compared with 1914, is shown in the following Table :-

1914,

1915,

Year.

Imports.

Exports.

Passengers.

378,403

376,540

2,228,354

383,902

365,598

1,961,060

14. The following Table shows the Junk Trade of the Colony for 1914 and 1915 :-

IMPORTS.

1915.

1914.

Junks.

Tons.

Junks.

Tons.

Foreign Trade,...... 13,445

1,495,944

13,627

1,599,503

Local Trade, .

17,112

671,275

13,979

599,846

Total,...... 30,557

2,167,219

27,606

2,199,349

Imported 486,292 tons as under :-

Tons.

Tea,

Cattle 1,732 head,

Swine 8,337 head,

Earth and Stones,

General,

3

203

489

22,474

463,123

Total.........

486,292

EXPORTS.

1915.

1914.

Junks.

Tons.

Junks.

Foreign Trade,..... 13,652

1,457,761

13,847

Tons. 1,610,242

Local Trade,

17,404

675,815

14,072

598,025

Total,

......

31,056

2,133,576

27,919

2,208,267

Exported 1,128,476 tons as under :—

Kerosine 1,544,385 cases,

Rice and Paddy,....

General,

Tons.

47,791

325,684

755,004

Total,.....

1,128,479

15. A Summary of the Shipping and Trade of the Port for the year 1915.

- DII -

TONS.

Passengers.

No. of

Ships.

Emi-

Dis-

Shipped.

charged.

In

Transit.

Bunker Coal.Į Total.

Registered

Tonnage.

grants.

Arrived.

Departed.

British Ocean-going,

Foreign Ocean-going,

British River Steamers,

3,988 1.858.244 1,284.672 1,675,439 3,673 2,202.651 815,258 1,694,883 6,676 184,171 173,385

258,470 | 5,076,825

7,358,586

157,293 107,646 46,588

168,931 1,881,725

7,023,222

71,625

62,563 21,687

54,661 412,217

4,022.853

864,649

934,130

Foreign River Steamers,..

1,892

199,731

192,213

21,462 413,406

928,147

92,656

69,625

Total,.

16,229 | 4,444,797 | 2,465,528 | 3,370,324

503,524 10,784,173 | 19,332,SOS

1,189,223

1,173,964

68,275

Steam-launches, Foreign Trade, Junks, Foreign Trade,

6,822

3,756

27,097

355,051

5,935

1,045,106

17,620 27,311

Total Foreign Trade,

50,148

4,803,604 | 3,516.569 | 3,370,324

228,510 18,315 1,400,137 2,953,705 30,713 521,144 12,211,641 | 22,515,023

19,671

32,392

1,238,252

1,226,027

€8,275

Steam-launches, Local Trade,

Junks, Local Trade,..

416,938

34,516 131,241

2,407

3,189

39,112

83,353

...

44,708 | 10,022,806 214,594 1,347,090

3,746,897

8,712,298

3,816

5,384

Total, Local Trade,

481,454

133,648

86,542

39,112

259,302 11,369,896

3,750,743

8,717,682

Grand Total,

531,602

4,937,252 | 3,603,111 | 3,370,324

560,256 (12,470,943 | 33,884,919 4,988,995

9,943,709 68,275

D 12

3.-Revenue and Expenditure.

16. The gross Revenue collected by the Harbour Department during the year was $551,237.90 as against $579,442.92 collected in the previous year, showing a decrease of $28.205.02 or 5'1 %:-

Light Dues,

Light Dues, Special Assessment.. Licences and Internal Revenue,.

Fees of Court and Office.

Miscellaneous Receipts,

1914.

1915.

$ 90,397.87 $ 75,475.75 103,667.97 93,008.13

172,148.25 170,267.38

212,795.83 212,486.34

133.00

Increase. Decrease.

$ 14.922.12

10,659.54

1.880.87

309.49

133.00

$579,442.92 $551.237.90

$ 28,205.02

The principal decreases are under Light Dues $14,922.12; Light Dues Special Assessment $10,659.54; Boat Licences $5,067.03; Chinese Passenger Ship Licences $285.00; Junk Licences from New Territories $997.60; Engagement and Discharge of Seamen $4,211.40; Examination of Masters $977.50; Gunpowder Storage $4,622.01; Medical Examination of Emigrants $9,440,50 ; and Survey of Steamships $3,614.31. The majority of these decreases are due to the war, which has caused a large reduction in the tonnage of ships entering are clearing.

The principal increases are under Marine Court Fines $3,209.19; Steam Launch Licences $1,772.87; Fees for use of Government Buoys $3,152.73 (this is due to the taking over by the Government of twenty-five of the hitherto privately owned buoys), Steam Launch Surveyor's Certificates $480.00, and Sunday Cargo Working Permits $18,300.00.

17. The Expenditure of the Harbour Department for 1915 was $166,465.04 as against $173,214.01 expended in 1914, showing a decrease of $6,748.97 which is mostly due to savings in salaries through retirement of one officer and other changes. A sum of $90,860.20 was also expended on taking over by the Government of the privately owned buoys and moorings and the installation of an

Aga" light at the Signal Hill Station, Kowloon.

The Amount of Light Dues collected was as follows :—

Special Assessment.

Class of Vessels.

No. of

Trips.

Tonnage.

Rate

per ton.

Fecs

Collected.

Rate

per ton.

Fees

Collected.

Total Fees

Collected.

C.

$

..

Ocean Vessels,...

4,510

7,342,330

1 cent.

73,423,30

1 cent.

73,423.30

146,846,60

O

Steam Launches,

2,711

104,718 1

එය

1,047.18

]

"}

1,047.18

2,094.36

River Steamers (Night Boats),

400

301,573 |

1,005.275

1,507.92

2,513,19

"

River Steamers (Day Boats),

3,213

2,013,604

Nil.

*

>>

17,030.03

17,030.03

Total,.

10,834

9,792,225

$75,475.75

$93,008.43

$168,484,18

4.

- D 14

J

Steam-launches,

18. On the 31st December, 1915, there were 331 steam-launches (including motor boats) employed in the Harbour. Of these, 163 were licensed for the conveyance of passengers, etc., 124 were private- ly owned, 22 were the property of the Colonial Government, and 22 belonged to the Imperial Government, comprising 4 Military and 18 Naval.

Two coxswains' certificates were suspended for incompetency or negligence in the performance of their duties; one of whom was suspended for 3 months and the other was for 2 months. An- other coxswain was severely reprimanded and 2 of them were requir- ed to pass a further examination on expiration of their suspensions before their certificates being returned.,

Five hundred and forty-two (542) engagements and five hundred and sixteen (516) discharges of masters and engineers were made during the year.

Nine (9) steam-launches were permitted to carry arms for their protection against pirates.

5.-Emigration and Immigration.

19. Sixty-eight thousand two hundred and seventy-five (68,275) emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1915, (76,296 in 1914). Of these, 46,588 were carried in British ships, and 21,687 in foreign ships.

One hundred and nine thousand seven hundred and fifty- three (109,753) returning emigrants are reported to have been brought to Hongkong from the several places to which they had emigrated either from this Colony or from Coast Ports, as against 168,827 in 1914. Of these 82,057 arrived in British ships, and 27,696 in foreign ships.

6.-Registry, etc., of Shipping.

20. During the year, 26 ships were registered under the provisions of the Imperial Merchant Shipping Act, and 8 Certi- ficates of Registry cancelled. 107 documents, etc., were dealt with in connection with the Act, the fees on which amounted to $1,763.00 as compared with $1,841.00 in 1914.

7.-Marine Magistrate's Court.

21. Four hundred and seventy (470) cases were heard in the Marine Magistrate's Court, (447 in 1914). Being under way during prohibited hours without permit, Making fast to ships whilst under way without permission, Passing through the Yaumati Typhoon Shelter at a speed of over 3 knots, Boarding ships without permission, Dredging without permit, and Carrying passengers in excess were the principal offences.

1

D 15

8.-Marine Court.

(Under Section 19 of Ordinance 10 of 1899.)

22 During the year 1915 there were three courts held :-

(1) On the 14th day of June, 1915, enquiry was made into the charges of drunkenness against William John Fraser, certificate of competency No. 037,373 of Liverpool, 3rd mate of the British S.S. Hai Mun, Official No. 95,869 of Hongkong.

The Court found as follows:-

We find that the charge against William John Fraser, 3rd mate of the S.S. Hai Mun, Official No. 95,869, the number of whose certi- ficate of competency as 1st mate is 037,373 of Liverpool is proved, and taking into consideration that this officer's certificate was suspended by a Marine Court in Hongkong for drunkenness in March, 1914, for one year, and from this and the evidence now given, he appears a confirmed drunkard, and as such, with a certificate of competency, is a menace to shipping: We therefore order that his certificate be suspended for 2 years, and that before his certificate is returned, a certificate of sobriety from the master or masters with whom he has served be produced to the Board of Trade for six months immediately - preceeding the expiration of suspension.

(2) On the 20th day of August, 1915, enquiry was held into the charge of incompetency on the part of James Willox, whose certificate of competency as master was 036,321 of Aberdeen, master of the British Steamship On Lee Official No. 127,007 of Hongkong.

The Court found that the Steamship Taishan Official No. 133,245 of Hongkong, of which Robert Alexander Birss, certificate of competency No. 024,435 of Dundee, was master, arrived at the Western Examination Anchorage, Hongkong, on a voyage from Macao at 6.19 p.m. on August 8th, and sighting the Examination Officer's launch, steered for same and that, when within some 600 yards from that launch, was ordered by the signal M. N. to stop, and then, as is customary, with the way off the ship, to proceed slowly and carefully towards the Examination Vessel. This signal was answered by the Tai Shan hoisting her answering pennant in the usual manner, and reducing speed, coming alongside of the Examination Launch, practically stopped and with her engines going astern. We find that at the time the signal M.N. was first made, the Steamship On Lee, of which James Willox, certificate of competency No. 036,321 was master, was also seen approaching the Examination Anchorage from the S. W., and about 1,000 yards off, going at full speed and heading for the Examination Launch. That the master of the Steamship On Lee, however, took no notice of the urgent signal M. N. which was made general to both ships with full sized flags hoisted to a yard 25 feet above the Examination Launch rail and kept flying for some 2 to 3 minutes, and the opinion of the Court on this point is that, if a proper look- out had been kept on board the Steamship On Lee, this signal must

D 16

have been seen. The On Lee proceeded at full speed towards the Examination Launch, and when about 300 yards off, stopped her engines and reversed, altering course to starboard some 3 points to pass ahead of the Examination Launch, which was by this time backing down to deal with the Steamship Tai Shan, and the Steam- ship On Lee did collide with that ship when going at between 2 to 3 knots, hitting her amidships and doing extensive damage, and we are of opinion that, if the Steamship Tai Shan had not been pro- tected by a heavy timber fender strake she would have been then sunk, as a blow by the On Lee at that speed and end on would re- present a weight of some 2,937 foot tons on impact. It has been strongly urged by the learned counsel for the defence that the Steam- ship On Lee did not see the signal M N, and that even if he had seen it, the master was under no obligation to obey it, his first duty being to obey the Rule of the Road, treating the examination Launch as a mark only, and that in this case the Steamship On Lee had the right of way, coming up from the south-west and having the Tai Shan ahead and crossing with her starboard side open, and that the fact that the Tai Shan was being dealt with by the Examination Officer did not relieve that ship from keeping out of the way of the Steamship On Lee and obeying Article 19 of the Rule of the Road, etc. The Court is very clear on this point and would point out that the Examination Anchorages are well marked and established areas, and that all ships coming into such anchorages are under the direct orders of the Examination Officer who shall give such orders by signal or otherwise for the proper discipline and safety of such anchorage. Suitable Officers of experience are specially selected by the Naval Authorities for the discharge of such duties, and that Article 19 of the Rule of the Road did not apply in this case. As the Steamship Tai Shan was in process of being examined and was not under command, the Steamship On Lee should have been governed by Article 27, and we consider it was plainly the duty of the master of the Steamship On Lee to have reduced his speed when the signal M N was made and then to have navigated with caution, seeing that the Tai Shan was under examination. This also holds good by the ordinary practice of good seamanship and the circumstances of the case, and we consider the Steamship On Lee was navigated at a high speed in the Examina- tion Anchorage to the danger of other ships and that Articles 27, 29 and 30 of the Rule of the Road were contravened, and taking into consideration that at a previous Marine Court held at this Port on the 29th April, 1914, you, James Willox, were found guilty of dan- gerous navigation and warned to be more careful in future, we now order your certificate to be suspended for six months during which time a first mate's certificate will be allowed, if applied for, and the cost of the investigation by this Court will be recoverable from the Sze Yap Steamship Co., Ld., under Section 19 sub-section 14 (d) Ordinance 10 of 1899.

(3.) On the 24th day of September, 1915, enquiry was made into the charge of causing damage to the British Steamship St. Albans on the part of Edward Crump, whose certificate of competency as extra master was No. 007861, master of the Steamship Uncus and Philip Hastings Going, licensed pilot of No. 4 Cameron Terrace,

D 17

1

Cameron Road, Kowloon, the number of whose certificate of com- petency as pilot was 25 of Hongkong.

The Court found as under:

The

We find that the Steamship Uncas, Official No. 135326 of which Edward Crump, certificate, extra master, No. 007861, left Lai Chi Kok at 4.30 p.m. on 16th September, with Philip Going, pilot, on board, and that all went well until about 750 yards from the Steam- ship St. Albans which ship was lying at her buoy loading. At this moment the speed of the Steamship Uncas would be some 9 knots and her helm was ported slightly so as to avoid two junks passing from starboard to port across her bow. The time would be about 5.12 p.m.

The speed of the ship was reduced as necessary. pilot then gave an order to starboard the helm, so as to get the ship away from the St. Albans, but finding the ship did not answer helm, at once gave the order to put the helm hard aport and then hard astarboard. The ship would then be about 200 yards from the St. Albans, going at 4 knots. The engines were then stopped, but the ship was swinging towards the St. Albans. The pilot then ordered full speed astern but the master seeing a collision was unavoidable, ordered the engines to be put full ahead to minimise the force of the blow, and the collision occurred at 5.16 p.m. is the opinion of the Court that the helm was never put hard astarboard owing to the conflicting orders given by the pilot, and we are of opinion that, when the pilot saw the ship swinging to starboard with a strong easterly wind on the port bow of the Uncus he should have put the helm hard aport and his engines full speed astern and come round under the stern of the St. Albans which he had plenty of room to do. We therefore hold the pilot to be guilty of an error of judgment and to blame for the collision, but taking into consideration his previous good record as a pilot in this port, we consider that a severe reprimand meets the case and we strongly recommend him in future to use the Central Fairway which is specially set apart for the passage of ocean ships, and we hold the master to be exonerated from all blame, and we consider that his action at the time when a collision was seen to be inevitable in going full speed ahead was good seamanship and minimised the effect of the blow.

It

D 18

9.-Examination of Masters, Mates, and Engineers.

(Under Board of Trade Regulations.)

23. The following Tables show the number of Candidates examined under Ordinance 10 of 1899 for Certificates of Competency, distinguishing those who passed from those who failed:-

Grade.

Passed. Failed.

Master,

9

1

Master, River Steamer,

3

First Mate,

First Mate, (Provisional),

Second Mate,

21

1

16

4

Mate, River Steamer,

Only Mate,

1

2

Total,..

53

со

First Class Engineer,

9

2

Second Class Engineer,

15

CO

Total...

24

For Steamships not exceeding 60 tons, under Section 37 of Ordinance 10 of 1899 :-

For Master..

Candidates.

For Engineer,

Total,

Passed.

Failed.

60

28

81

2

141

30

10.-Examination of Pilots.

(Under Ordinance No. 3 of 1904.)

24. There were 2 candidates examined during the year. Four-

teen licences were renewed.

!

D 19

11. Sunday Cargo Working.

25. During the year 678 permits were issued under Ordinance No. 1 of 1891 as compared with 510 in 1914. Of these 174 were not used mainly on account of bad weather and ships not arriving up to time.

The Revenue collected under this head amounted to $85,250 as against $66,950 in 1914.

The increase is due to the shortage of tonnage and the anxiety of ship owners to get their ships away from port as soon as possible.

12.-New Territories.

(Seventeenth year of British Administration.)

26. The Out-stations attached to the Harbour Department have continued to perform the work allotted to them, and during the year Licences, etc., have been issued by them as follows:-

1914.

1915.

Cheung Chau, opened 1899.

3,706

2,436

Tai 0,

1899..

>>

4,397

2,833

Tai Po,

1900..

5,810

2,727

Sai Kung,

1902...

>>

1,488

709

Long Ket,

1905...

"

1,980

1,271

Deep Bay, Ping Shan, Lantao,

1911....

2,373

دو

1,294

1911....

71

57

25

1912..

1,575

"

1,362

21,400

12,689

The Station at Ping Shan was closed at the end of October on account of the very small revenue collected from that station.

The Revenue collected by this Department from the New Territories during the year was $34,680.85 as compared with $41,350.65 in 1914.

13.-Lighthouses.

GAP ROCK LIGHTHOUSE.

27. During the year 1915, 612 vessels were reported as passing this Station and 127 were not reported owing to telegraphic com- munication being interrupted.

Two thousand four hundred and thirty-seven (2,437) tele- graphic messages including meteorological observations for the Observatory were sent and 412 messages were received.

Telegraphic communication was maintained with few slight interruptions until 30th October when the line failed and during the typhoon of the 5th November the cable was broken by the heavy Since that date there has been no communication, the cable not having been repaired.

seas.

There were 172 hours and 10 minutes fog during the year and the fog signal was fired 1,078 times.

:

D 20

WAGLAN ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE.

During the year 1915, 3,114 vessels were reported. 1,754 messages were sent and 605 received.

Owing to telegraphic communication being interrupted, 102 ressels were not reported.

There were 224 hours of fog and the fog signal fired 2,329

times.

GREEN ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE.

During the year 1915, 719 vessels

messages were sent and 185 received.

were reported. 495

Owing to telephone communication being interrupted on 4 different occasions, 8 vessels were not reported.

CAPE COLLINSON LIGHTHOUSE.

During the year 1915, 3,005 vessels were signalled and reported. 55 messages were sent and 16 received.

Owing to telegraphic communication being interrupted on 6 occasions, 44 vessels were not reported.

Signals Sent and Received.

Flash Lamp Signals, Nil.

Semaphore Signals, 2.

International Signals, 3.

On the 1st November a new 5th order unwatched Aga Light was installed at Signal Hill, Kowloon, of the following character:- flashing second light and 24" darkness, viz., 20 flashes per minute, and up to the end of the year had worked in a most efficient manner. The Aga Lights installed in the Fairway and Cust Rock Buoys also continue to work without a hitch and give great satisfaction.

Early in April Commander Basil Taylour, R.N., left the Colony with the permission of this Government and returned for service to the Admiralty, and has since July been employed as one of the Naval Transport Officers at Havre.

In May the Department was further depleted by the retirement of Mr. Edward Jones, Chief Boarding Officer, who had been in this Department for 27 years, and who by his tact and practical ability had rendered valuable assistance to the various Harbour Masters under whom he had served.

Six (6) Officers from this Department have been employed almost continuously on Examination Service of the Port during the

year.

C. W. BECKWITH, Commander, R.,

Harbour Master, &c,

HARBOUR OFFICE,

2nd March, 1916.

}

i

Table I.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of VESSELS

Australia and

New Zea.

land.

British Norta

Borneo.

Canada.

Coast of China,

Ships.

Coast of China,] Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China,

Junks.

Vessels,..

Tons,

Crews,.......

ر

WITH CARGOES.

Car-

goes,

Transit,

32

385

23

13

2,913

63,685 12,206 68,994 2,365,477

2,634 1,913 1,789

143,461

24,000

27,000

518,000

Discharged,

17,000 75,000 34,000

470,000

Vessels,.

162

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Cochin China.

Continent of

Europe.

Egypt.

Formosa.

Great Britain.

India and

Straits

118

}

1

:

159,108

2,565 2,599

101

425,943 339,(

1

7,995

50

37

8,516 15,

6.000 1,000

6,000

339,000 174,0

247,000

:

115,000 206,0

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Car-

goes,

Transit,

Discharged,.

2,631

24,000

Tons,

Crews,..

Vessels,.

Tons,.

Crews........

:

:

254,117

11,725

32

23

13

3,075

63,685 42,206 168,994 | 2,619,594

:

:.

:

:

21.0

4

118

1

1

101:

159,108

2,565

2,599

425,943 360.

1,913 | 1,789

155,186

7,995

50

37

27,000

548,000

17,000 75,000 |34,000

470,000

6,000 1,000

247,000

6,000

8,546

339,000 174,

15,

115,000 200,0

Vessels,

15

5

13

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES,

Car-

goes,

Tons,

Crews....

Transit,

52,717 6,398 49,862

1,412 201 1,016

30,000 3,000 | 6,000

:

:

:

:

¿

:

15

5

13

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

Car-

Car-

goes,

goes,

Transit,

Discharged,.

Vessels,.....

1,412 204; 1,016

30,000 3,000 6,000

11,000 8,000 18,000

47 28 26

Discharged,. 11,000 8,000 18,000

Vessels,..

Tons,

Crews,.

Vessels,.

Tons,.

Crews,......

52,717 6,398 19,862 1,004,927 107,397 1, 414,054 44,690 | 101,767

1,781 68,310 38,541

169,000

1,085 1,147 7,086

$22,127 10.981| 693,162

58,813 17,072 99,779

169,000

328,000| 2,000 | 337,000

31

30

86

29

44.690 104,767

86,897 162,971 243.

1,781 4,209

2,000 32,000

70,000 26,000

5,741 3,816 5,

9,000 12,000 246.

31,000 38,000 | 105,

170 2,109 5,685

182,800 66,416 | 720,892

9,*

9,497 21,469

$9,359

1,255 3,256

12,771

34

30

86

29

86,897 162,971 252.

189,138

Tons,..

Crews......

Transit,

Discharged,

116,402 48,604|118.856

4,046 2,117| 2,805

54,000 3.000 (33,000

28,000 83,000 52,000

328,000 2,000 | 337,000

3,998 1,147 7,086

3,187,604|10,981 | 695,162

202,274 17,072 99,779

717,000

152

4,209

2,000 52,000

70.000 26,000

31

5,741 3,816 5,

9,000 120,000 | 246.

31,000

38,000 105,

1 86

130

203,798 107,332

9,776 | 4,259

$,000 53,000

798,000 2,000 337,000 317,000) 26,000

2,599 86,897 588,914 582,

12,362 20, 37 5,741

6,000 9,000| 459,000 420.

31,000 153,000 | 311,

Vessels,.

332 2,109

5,685

Tons,

Crews,..

436,917 66,416| 720,892

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

31,

21.222 21,469

89,359

[Vessels,

47

28

26

Tons,.

TOTAL.

Car-

goes,

Crews,..

Transit,

Discharged.

116,402 48,604 | 118,856

4,046 2,117,28,05

54,000 3,000 33,000

4,330 | 3,256

12,771

3,624,521 107,397 1,414,054 203,798 107,332

223,496 38 541| 189,138 9,776 4,259

152

31

1

86

130

717,000

8,00 0

53,000

2,599 86,897 588,914 613

21 37 5,741 12,362

6,000 9,000 459,000 | 420.

28,000 83,000 |52,00);

798.000| 2,000 337,00 317,000

26,000

31,000 153,000 | 311

CO

D 21

I.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of VESSELS ENTERED in the COLONY of HONG

COUNTRIES WHENCE ARRIVED,

Cochin China.

Ships. Coast of China,{

Coast of China, Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China, Junks.

Australia and New Zea-

land,

British North Borneo.

Canada.

Continent of

Europe.

Egypt.

Great Britain.

Formosa.

:

101

146

123

20

20

:.

425,943 339,057 367,309, 36,496

8,546 15,272 10,193 1,347

339,000 174,000 318,000

115,000 206,000 99,000 8,000

32

23

13

2,913

118

1

63,685 42,206 68,994

2,365,477

159,108

2,565

2,599

2,634 1,913 1,789

143,461

7,995

50

37

24,000

...

27,000

518,000

6.000 1,000

6,000

17,000 75,000 34,000

470,000

247,000

:

:

162

:

:

254,117

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

7

21,905

432

:

:

1,188

777,601

49,890

40,000

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

..

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

2

376

888

68

:

118

1

101

153

123

20

1,190

63,685 42,206 68,991 2,619,594

159,108 2,565 2,599

425,943 360,962 | 367.309

36,496

777,977

2,634 1,913 1,789

155,186

7,995

50

37

...

24,000

...

27,000

548,000

6,000

1,000

6,000

17,000 75,000 34,000

470,000

247,000

8,516 15,704 10,193

339,000 174,000| 318,000

115,000 200,000 99,000; 8,000

1,347

49,958

:

40,000

...

:

15

5

13

52,717 6,398 49,862

1,412 204 1,016

30,000 3,000 | 6,000

11,000 8,000 18,000

1,085 1,117

822,127 40.981| 693,162

58,813 17,072 99,779

169,000

7,086

31

30

29

90

44,690 104,767

:

:

1,781 4,209

2,000 52,000

86

86,897 162,97! | 243,518|1,132,247| 176,740 (13,925

5,741 3,816 5,291 29,935 5,149 4,131

9,000 12,000 246,000 794,000 69,000

431

67

75

141 116 234

22,963 5,981 34,657

1,720 3,896 2,409

328,000 | 2,000 | 337,000

70,000 26,000

31,000

38,000 105,000 821.000|108,000 20,000

22,000 2,000 18,000

11,725

32

23

13

3,075

GJ

:

:

2

20

20

19

:

170 2,109 5,685

182,800 66,416 720,892

9,497 21,469

89,359

:

:

:

::

:

15

5

13

1,255 3,256 12,771

34

30

:

52,717 6,398 419,862

1,412 204 1,016

68,310 38,511

1,004,927 | 107,397 1, 414,054 44,690 104,767

189,138 1,781 4,209

30,000 3,000 6,000

11,000 8,000 18,000

47 28 26

169,000

2,000 52,000

328,000 2,000 337,000 70,000 26,000

3,998 1,147 7,086 152 |_116,402 48,604|118.8561|| 3,187,604 10,981 693,162 203,798 107,332 4,046 2,117 2,805 202,274 17,072 99,779 9,776 4,259

51,000 3,000 33,000 717,000

8,000 53,000

■ 28,000 83,000 52,000 798,000 2,000 337,000 317,000 26,000

31

5,741 3,816 5,427 30,182 5,149

9,000 120,000| 246,000| 794,000 | 69,000

31,000 38,000 105,000 $21,000 108,000 20,000

1 86 130

236

87

:

:

3

9,295

7,096

133

217

11

13 437

8,294

318 47,233

:

367

:

104 6,602

86

29

93

410

67

75

152

129 671

86,897 162,971 252,8131,139,343| 176,740 43,925

4,131

31,257 6.299 81,890)

2,087 4,000 | 9,011|

22,000 2,000 18,000

557

75

1,329 1!G 231

2,599 86,897 588,914 582,575|1,499,556 213,236 43,925 800,564 | 5,981 34.657 37 5,741 12,362 20,566 40,128 6,496 4,131 51,610 3,896 2,409 6,000 9,000 459,000 420,000 1,112,000 69,000

31,000 153,000 311,000 920,000 116,000 20,000

62,000 2,000 18,000

332 2,109

436,91766,416| 720,892

5,685

10

13

13 437

:

21.222 21,469

89,359

:

:

:

31,200

565

7,096

247

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

8.670

435

318 47,233

104 6,602

...

47

28

116,402 48,604 | 118,856

26

4,046 2,117 28,05

54,000 3,000 33,000

28,600 $3,000 [52,00 1 798,000 2,000 337,00 317,000

4,330 3,256

3,624,521 107,397 1,414,054 203,798 107,332

223,496 38 541 189,138 9,776 4,259

717,000

8,00 0 53,000

26,000

12,771

152

31

1

86

130

246

563

87

75 1,312 129 671

2,599 86,897

588,914 613,775 1,506,652 213,236 43,925 809,234 6,299 |$1,890,

37 5,741 12,362 21,131 40,375 6,496 4,131 52,045 4,000| 9,011 6,000 9,000 459,000 420,000 1,112,000 69,000

:

:

:

:

:

...

:

:

31,000 153,000 | 311,000 | 920,000 | 116,000 20,000

62,000 2,000 |18,000

ED in the COLONY of HONGKONG from EACH COUNTRY, in the YEAR 1915.

THENCE ARRIVED.

Islands in

the Indian Archipelago.

Kwang-chau-

wan.

20

:

Ships.

Macao,

under 60 tons.]

Steamships

Macao,

Macao, Junks.

Mauritius.

N. America.

N. & S. Pacific.

Philippine

Islands.

1,188

36,496

777,601

1,347

49,890

6,000

40,000

:

:

20

36,496

:

:

2

376

68

-Port Arthur.

Hainan and Gulf of

Tonkin.

Ports in

Russia in Asia.

Siam.

South Africa.

America.

South

Tsingtau.

of America.

United States

Weihaiwei.

TOTAL.

120

178,293

9,198

:

178

10

88

201,622 34,477 | 108,260 11,18+

12,212 709 5,928 321

13,000

32,000 18,000 3,000 4,000

73,000

281,000 2,000 162,000 1,000

:

:

2

58

13 5,152

2,216 196,428 16,999 5,400,519

125

:..

4,000

3,578 941 276,139

159,000 3,000 1.675,000

84,000 3,000 1,921,000

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

1,190

777,977

1,347

49,958

8,000

67

40,000

75

141 116 234

76,740 13,925

22,963 5,981 34,657

5,149 4,131

1,720 3,896 2,409

39,000

08,000 20,000

22,000 2,000|18,000

::

:

11

13 437

..

8,294 318 47,233

6

10,536

300

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

126

178

10

88

*

177

:

:

286,934

12,525

2

58

13 5,329

188,829

201,622 34,477 108,260 11,184

2,216 196,428 16,999 5,687,453

9,498

...

13,000

12,212 709

5,928 321

32,000 18,000 3,000 4,000

125

73,000

9

281,000 2,000 162,000 1,000

243 4 138

29,306 3,506 214,396 6,256 | 135,412

612 83 12,370 152 6,878

12,000 7,000 92,000 8,000 10,000

16,000

228,000 5,000| 237,000

:

6

1,000

3

3,578 941 288,664

159,000 3,000 1,675,000

84,000 2,000 |1,921,000

75

|32,965 4,936 | 381,632

1 11,168

602 4,533,6++

650 124 12,653

42 279,941

1,000 64,000

14,000 6,000 103,000 1,000 2,575,000

1,694,000

**

:

1

...

267

28

367

101 6,602

67

75

152 129 671

76,740 43,925

31,257 6,299 81,890

5,149 | 4,131

2,087 4,000 | 9,011

59,000

:

08,000 20,000 22,000 2,000 18,000

:

:

87

75 1,329 116

231

3,236 43,925 | 800,564 | 5,981 |34,657

6,496 | 4,131

51,610 3,896| 2,409

$9,000

:

:

6,000 20,000

62,000 2,000 |18,000

:

:

1

9

3,547

85

245

:

:

138

267 29,306 3,506| 217,943| 6.256| 135,442

28

612 $3 12,455 152 6,878

:

:

8,437

:

...

|1,046,158

127,891

6

3

75

1 19,605

|32,965 | 4,936 | 381,632

602 5,579,802

650 124

12,653

42 407,832

1,000 64,000

***

1,694,000

:

:

12,000 7,000 92,000 8,000 10,000

228,000 5,000| 237,000

16,000

129

2

421

14

226

:

:.

:

:

|14,000 6,000| 103,000 1,000 2,575,000

6

5

133

14 16,320

207,599 3,506 416,018|40,733 | 243,702 |11,184 32,965 | 7,152 | 578,060 17,601 9,934,163

9,810 83 24,582 861 12,806 321 650 249 16,231 983 556,080

25,000 7,000 124,000 26,000

13,000 4,000

1,000| 223,000 | 3,000 |3,369,000

89,000

509,000 7,000 399,000 1,000 14,000 10,000

187,000 4,000 4,496,000

13

13 437

:

1

6

2

:

8.670 318 47,233

267 10,536

435 104 6,602

28

300

:

:

:

8,614

3,547

85

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:.

:

:

1,333,092

140,416

87

75 1,342 129 671

1

135

2

423

14

226

1

6

5

133

14 24,934

13,236 43,925 809,234 6,299 $1,890

6,496 4,131 52,043| 4,000| 9,011 9,000

6,000 20,000

62,000 2,000 |18,000] ...

:

267 218,135| 3,506 419,565 40,733 | 243,702 |11,184 32,965 | 7,152 578,060|17,601 | 11,267,255

28 10,110 83 24,667 861 12,806 321 650 249 16,231 983 696,496

25,000 7,000 124,000 26,000

89,000

13,000 4,000

1,000 223,000 3,000 3,369,000

509,000| 7,000 | 399,000 1,000 14,000 10,000 187,000 4,000 4,496,000

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Australia and New Zealand.

British North

Borneo.

Canada.

16

3,061

:

Ccast of China,

Ships.

Coast of China, Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China, Junks.

Table II.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of VESS

Cochin China.

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews.

Shipped, Bunker

222223

26

20

55,666 35,563 85,739 2,488,850

77

1

1

85

181

99,522

1,014

1,057 377,261 413,179 +4

Cargoes,

2,276 1,831

29,000 9,000 79,000

2,353

154,045

527,000

Coal,....

7,000 3,000

3,000

$3,000

Vessels,

15

67

Tons,

41,488

:

:..

106,486

Crews,

732

4,018

:

:..

:..

:

:

:

:

F.

4,660

45

11

7,591

18,279

42,000

2,000

91,000 219,000

14,000

5,000 41,000

40

2

:

61,062

3,237

13

19,000

:.

2,627

107

Bunker Coal,

3.000

8,000

8,000

1,000

Vessels,

26

35

16

3,128

117

3

816

5,000

85

194

Tons,.

55,666 77,051 | 85,739

2,595,336

160,584

4,251

1,057377,261 | 432,179

Crews,

Cargoes,.

2,276 | 2,566

29,000 9,000| 79,000

2.353

158,063

7,287

152

14

7,591 19,095

527,000

42,000

2.000

91,000 219,000

Shipped, Bunker

Coal,...

7,000 6,000 3,000

91,000

22,000

1,000

5,000 46,000

(Vessels,

11

26

1,180

Tons,

13,894

101.538

640 11,343

952,080 27,543 1,263,733 22,885

17

25

89

25

101

83,755

SS,745 137,333 | 279,351

Crews,

1,218

2,081

{

Cargoes,

8,000

43,000

Shipped, Bunker

Coal,..

1,000

:

:

61,533 13,490 178,663 291,000 3,000 |1,008,000| 6,000

34,000

892

4,095

8,000

3,000 15,000

5,567 3,183 6,219

66,000 19,000 | 101.000

1,000

9,000

1,000

Vessels,

:

Tons,

14

18,001

Crews

609

:

:

:

68 2,668

1,722

22

15

12

83,392 80,984|122,903

30,095

2,824

|20,262 |

:

14,072

2,613 26,005

19,568

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

2,000

1,000

928

6,000 1,000

57

550

551

1,000

2,000

11

14

26

1,218 3,308

13,065

39

26

104

25

116

Tons,

Crews,

609

Shipped, Buuker

(Vessels,

42

13,894 18,004 101,538 | 1,035,472 |108,527|1,386,636 52,980 86,579

2,081 1,248

64,146 39,495 | 193.231

1,820

Cargoes, 8,000

43,000

291,000 3,000 |1,008,000|

6,000

Coal,...

35,000 1,000 2,000

20 37

|109,007 | 137,533 | 294,023

4,152

6,117

8,000

$66,000

3,483 6,770

19,000 101,000

Tons.

Crews,

Vessels, .

99,560 35,563 187,277

4,434 3,524 1,834

Cargoes,. 37,000 | 9,000 122,000| Shipped, Bunker

Coal,...

3,000 8,000 3,000

29

4,211 640 11,343 3,440,930 27,543 1,263,733| 122,407

215,578 |13,490 | 178,663 5,552 4,140

818,000 3,000 1,008,000 48,000 10,000

117,000

17,000 15,000

9,000 16,000

94

2,000

1,000 11,000

26

:

:

90

110

285

81,769

9,802 | 514,594 | 692,530

11,077

5,611

66,000 110,000 | 320,000 |

24,498

1,000 6,000

50,000

Tons,

59,492

135 2,668 1,722

189,878 80.984 122,903 91,157

62

3

15

251

6,061

20,242

3 3,672

Crews,

1,341

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

5,000

6,631 26,005

9,000

19,568 3,555

14,000

37

19

42

Tons,

Crews,

99,560 95,055 |187,277|

4,431 3,524 3,175

Cargoes,. 37,000 9,000 122,00 0 Shipped, Bunker

Coal,... 8,000 8,000 3,000

4,376❘ 3,308 13,065

3,630,808 108,527 1,386,636 213,564 | 90,830

222,209 |39,495 | 198,231 9,107 1,301

818,000 3,000 (1,008,000 48,000 10,000

126,000

31,000 17,000

156

164

2,000

29

540

1,000

1,367

7,000

110

310

25,865

66,000 110,000 | 320,000

110,00 514,594 726,202

6,161 11,077

2,000 6,000 57,000

Continent of

Europe.

Egypt.

Formosa.

Great Britain.

India and

Straits

Settlements.

CC

D 22

-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of VESSELS CLEARED in the COLONY of HONGKO

Canada.

F:

:

Ccast of China,

Ships.

Coast of China, Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China. Junks.

Cochin China.

Continent of·

Europe.

Egypt.

Formosa.

COUNTRIES TO WHICH DEPARTED.

:

:

:

:

:

:

Islands.

121

176,488

7,976

183,000

23,000

:

1

5.437

240

1.000

125

181,925

8,216

183,000

21,000

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

33 19

100

16

3,061

35,739 | 2,488,850

77

1

I

85

181

135

1

99,522

1,014

1,057 377,261 413,179 459,969

9,368

2,353

154,045

4,660

45

11 7,591 18,279

12,159

307

'9,000 527,000

42,000

2,000

3,000 83,000

14,000

:

:

67

40

N

106,486

61,062 3,237

:

4,018

...

8,000

16

3,128

5,739 2,595,336

:

:

:

:

:

2.353

158,063

9,000

527,000

3,000

91,000

26

1,180 640 11,343

17

25

1,538

952,080 27,543 1,263.733 22,885

83,755

2,081 61,533 13,490 178,663

892

1,095

3,000

291,000 3,000 |1,008,000|

6,000

$,000

31,000

3,000 15,000

68 2,668

1,722

22

1

2,824

2,613 26,005 19,568

928

57

1,000

6,000 1,000

26

1,218 3,308 13,065

39

26

,538

1,035,472 108,527 1,386,636 52,980

86,579

2,081

3,000

$,000

117

160,584

7,287

4,251

42,000 2,000

22,000 1,000

2,627

107

1,000

3

152

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

91,000 219,000

36,000 5,000

5,000 41,000

24,000

1,000

:

13

2

2

19,000

3,897

4.853

816

93

127

5,000

1,000

1,000

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

1,113

671,412

:..

46,393

57,000

18,0°0

2

672

90

:

:

:

}

85

194

137

6

1,115

1,057 377,261 432,179 | 463,866

13,721

672,084

44 7,591 19,095 12.252

431

14,483

:

:

:

:

:

91,000 219,000 | 36,000

5,000

57,000

:

5,000

£6,000 25,000

2,000

18,000

89

25

101

220

51

71

31

108

484

SS,715 137,333 | 279,351

5,567

3,483 6,219

66,000 19,000 | 101,000 105,000

708,592

18,490

150,595 42,758

8,530

5.723

56,829

3,944 4,109

2,196

3,791

6,149

58,000 18,000

12,000

3,000

37,000

1,000

1,000 9,000

31,000

5,000 6,000 2,000

15

12

133

2

147

21

103

83,392 80,984 122,903 30,095

20,262

14,672 | 287,638 3,339

:

24.711

564

14,296

:

550

551

5,985

126

2,083

170

1,000

1,000

64,146 39,495 193,231 1,820 4,152

291,000 3,000 1,008,000

6,000

8,000

35,000

9,000 16,000

:.

:

:

:

:

2,000

3,000

2,000

:

*104

25

116

353

53

71

173

129

587

6,117

3,483 6,770 24,475

66,000 19,000 | 101,000 | 105,000

2,000

42

4,241 640 11,343

94

26

90

1,000 11,000) 34,000

110

285 355

,277| 3,140,930 27,543 |1,263,733| 122,407

84,769

,434

1,000

215,578 13,490 | 178,663 5,552 4,140

818,000 3,000 1,008,000 48,000

10,000

,000 117,000

17.000 15,000

135 2,668 1,722

189,878 80.984| 122,903 91,157

6,631 26,005 19,568 3,555

9,000

62

3

6,061

164

14,000 2,000

:

:

:

:

1,000

6,000

15

89,802 514,594 692,530 1,168,561

5,611 11,077 24,498 30,619

|66,000 110,000 | 320,000 | 141,000

50,000 55,000

135

25

109,007 137,533 | 294,023 | 996,230 | 153,934 42,758

4,070 | 4,109

58,000 18,000

5,000 | 6,000

71 1,144

159,963 42,758 | 679,942

4,251 | 4,109 48,589

63,000|18,009 €69,000

6,000 | 6,000

20,000

4

33,241 6.287 71,125

1,279 3,961 7,449

:

12,000 3,000 37,000

1,000

55

108

484

5,723 56,829

3,794 6,449

3,000 37,000

149

21

103

|20,202

550

1,000

42 1,376 | 3,308 13,065

,277 | 3,630,808 108,527 1,386,636 213,564 90,830

,431 222,209 39,495 | 198,231 9,107 4,301

,00 0 818,000 3,000 1,008,000 £8,000 10,000

,000 126,000

31,000 17,000

156

29

110

105-

110,054 514,594 726,202 1,463,096

6,141 11,077 25.865 36,727

|66,000 110,000 | 320,000 | 141,000

2,000 6,000 57,000 59,000

310

3 3,672 291,535 7,692

1,367 6,078 253

7,000 4,000 1,000

490

59

25,353

564

14,296

2,173

170 1,000

2,000

71 1,293

167,655 42,758 705,325 6,287

4,504 | 4,109 50.762 3,964

63,000 18,000 69,000

7,000 6,000

22,000

:

129

587

71,125

7,149

3,000 37,000

:

:

:

:

:

:

3

6,828

131

1,000

5

10.137

:

:

:

231

1,000

123

179,797

8:076

183,000

23,000

7

12,265:

371

2,000

130

192,062

8.447

183,000

25,000

wan.

ICH DEPARTED.

Ships.

Macao.

under 60 tons.

Steamships

Macao.

Junks.

Macao,

Mauritius.

North America.

Philippine Islands.

Hainan and Ports in

Gulf of

Tonkin.

Port Arthur.

RED in the COLONY of HONGKONG to EACH COUNTRY, in the YEAR 1915.

Russia in Asia.

Siam.

South Africa.

America.

South

South Pacific.

Tsingtau.

1,113

671,12

46,393

57,000

18,00

2

672

90

:

:

:

121

110

15

53

41

12

5,077

:

:

:

:

:

176,488 108,7×0

55,197

63 007 13,348

7,976

7,301

1,041

3,571

351

:

183,000

43.000

2.000

32,000 13,000

:

:

:

:

:

141,693 15,928

5,273,011

2.597

$10

77 000 12.000

273.645

1,458,000

!

23,000 11,000

4,000

17,000 5,000

2,000 1,000

262,000

:

76

1

19

5,437 91,369

2,792

23,287

240

4,182

35

;

:

1,288

:

1.000

9,000

6,000

:

:

:

13

2

258

:

51,313 3.552

420,945

:

767

76

15,198

1,115

:

125

i

186

16

72

5

:

:

6.000 2.000

51,000

51

14

}

672,084

:

:

181,925 203,149

..: 57,989

86,294 13.348

45,483

8,216 11,486

1,076

4,862 354

:

:

:

5,335

193,006 19,480

5,693,986

57,000

:

183,000 43,000

2,000

32,000 13,000

18,000

:

24,000

20,000

4,000 23,000 | 5,000

:

:

3,364 $86

77,000 12,000

288,813

1,458,000

$,000 3,000

313,000

1

31

108

184

2

166

10

95

6

1

76

1

14,782

8

8,530 5,723

56,829

3 379 | 123,569

23,576

}

9 2,196 3,794

6,149

100 8,095

383

93,671

5,106

32,793

2,824 380,997 2,824

4,637,387

663

71 12,465 71

343,207

0 12,000

3,000

37,000

:

:

(51,000

2,000 60,000

22,000

1,000 131,000

2,059,000

0

2,000

:

:

:

147

21

103

24,711

564

14,296

2,083

170

1,000

2,000

:

:

:

10,000

137

6,828 178,862

131

1,000

5,772

[13,000

2,000

31,000

22

:

:

21,092

1,117

:

7,000

:

:..

:..

1,000

152,000

2

1

1

5,091

1,976

2,213

1,740

916,395

60

41

38

67,104

39,000

:

1

173

129

587

5

303

10

117

2

2

77

1

19,876

33,241 6.28:

9 4,279 3,964

12,000 3,000 37,000

4,000

71,125

:

10,137 302,371

|23,576 || 114,763

82,793

1,976 5,037 382,787 | 2,824

5,553,782

7,449

231

13,867

:

383 6,223

663

60

112 12,503 71

110,611

1

1,144

108

484

1,000

123

(54,000.

23,000

276

2,000 60,000

22,000

2,000 38,000

25

148

G

3 679,942 5,723 56,829

48,589 3,794 6.449

179,797 232,289

|78,773 | 156,678 13,348 32,793

}

69,000

3,000

37,000

8:076

183,000 97,000

15,399

1,424

4,000

8,680 354

92,000 13,000

663

22,000

20,000

:

23,000 21,000

6,000

48,000 5,000

:

:

:

:

:

1,000 | 134,000

2,059,000

:

1,000

191.000

I

117

13

2.824 522,690 18,752

71 15,062

881

1,000 211,000 12,000

19,859

9,910,428

616,852

3,517,000

:

8,000 1.000

414,000

149

25,383

2,173

170

1,000

2,000

I

1,293

129

587

21

103

:

7

213

1

41

2

14

2

564 14,296

:

:

:

12,265 273,231

2,792

44,379

3❘ 705,325 6,287 71,125

13 50,762 3,964 7,449

371 9,954

2,000 22,000

130

489

192,062 305.520

35

2,405

:

13,000

:

:

1,976

2,213

53,053 3,552

5,352

1,337,340

60

41

805

6,000 2,000

76

82,602

26

189

5

6

2

2

|81,565| 201,057 (13,348

69,000

22,000

3,000 37,000

8.447 25,353

183,000 97,000

1,459

1,000

11,085

92,000 13,000

315

82,793

663

22,000

1,976

60

112

15,867

1,000 211,000 12,000

131

5,037 575,743 (22.304| 11,247,768

699,451

3,517,000

15

90,000

25,211

957

90/12,000

25,000| 43,000

:

6,000 61,000 5,000

:.

9,000 3,000

504,000

of America.

United States

Wei-hai-wei.

TOTAL.

D 23

Table III-NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION

ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong in the Year 1915.

NATIONALITY

OF VESSELS.

ENTERED.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

British,

5,152 |5,400,519 276,139

177286,934 12,525 5,329 5,687,453 288,664

American,

38 167,199; 6,130

1 2,005

46

39 169,204 6,176

Austrian,

Chinese,

1,006 692,994 54,097

35 19,191

2,148

1,041

712,185 56,545

Chinese Junks,

7,320

727,819 102,188

6,122 768,125

95,961

13,442 1,495,944 198,149

Danish,

15,333 186

1 3,301

34

6 18,634 220

Dutch,

98 263,752; 8,156

31

29,250 1,536

132 293,002; 9,692

French,

160 228,698 13,795

1,544

122

164 230,242 13,917

German,

Japanese,

881 2,122,794 59,868

93 130,620 4,949

974 2,253,414 64,817

Norwegian,

178

175,490 8,703

21

23,851

1,099

199 199,341 9,802

Portuguese,

198 56,815 4,943

412

63

199 57,227 5,006

Russian,

14 15,576 613

1

995

48

15 16,571

661

Swedish,

7 20,212 294

130

12

9

20,342 306

Steamships under 60

tous trading to ports

outside the Colony,

1,263 46,962 20,968 2,122 66,734 21,573

3,385 113,696 42,541

TOTAL,

16,320 9,934,163 556,080 8,614 1,333,092 140,416 24,934 11,267,255 696,496

D 24

Table IV.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION

CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong in the Year 1915.

NATIONALITY

CLEARED.

OF VESSELS.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Tous. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

British,

5,077 5,273,041 273,645

258420,945 15,198

5,335 5,693,986, 288,843

American,..

35 162,580

5.579|

2

3,805

117

37 166,385 5,696

Austrian.

Chinese,

1,015 700,824 55,349

25 11,776

951

1,040 712,600 56,300

Chinese Junks,

11,827 1,320,562 185,112

1,825 137,199

20.568

13,652 1,457,761 205,680

Danish,......

6 18,634, 229

6 18,634,

229

Dutch,

106 242,548 6,920

27 49,777

1,514

133 292,325 8,434

French,

152 220,431 12,353

11.

9,106

546

163 229,537 12,899

German,

Japanese,

673 1,728,860 48,845

308 539,302

12,823

981 2,268,162 61,668

Norwegian,

143

140,613 7.128

55 57,626 2,528

198 198,239 9,666

Portuguese,

57 34,276 3,379

144 23,671 1,963

201

57,947

5,342

Russian,

Swedish,

13 14,591

757

1,990

91

15 16,571

848

7 20,212

262

195

20

10

20,407

282

No Flag,

Steamships under 60 tons trading to ports outside the Colony......

3

400

108

3

100

108

748 33,266 17,284

2,689

81,548 | 26,175 3,137 114,814 43,459

TOTAL 19,859 9,910,428 616,852

5,352 1,337,340 82,602 25,211 11,247.768 699,454

TOTAL.

I

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

ΤΟΤΑΙ.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

F

Aberdeen.

Cheung Chau.

Long Ket.

Saikung.

D 25

Table V.-TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS and CARGOES of STEAM VESSELS ENTERED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONGKONG in the YEAR 1915.

Shaukiwan.

Stanley.

Tai O.

Tai Po.

Yaumati.

NAMES OF PORTS.

Victoria.

Hunghom.

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,

5,152

5,512

J

Cargoes,

Vessels,

In Transit.

Discharged,.

Tons,

Crews,

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,..

In Transit,

Cargoes,

Discharged,..

Vessels,

118

61

222

:

5,400,519

5,400,519

276,139

276,139

1,675,000

1,675,000

1,921,000

1,921,000

177

177

1

286.934

286,931

12,525

12,525

5,329

5,329

5,687,453

288,664

5,687,453

288,664

1,675,000

ì 1,675,000

1,921,000

61

91

155

10,660

1,921,000

11,169

Tons,

6,792 2,805

:

1,084 3,312

1,842

9,266 | 4,508,543

4,533,641

Crews,

1,006

619

193

527

590

1,569

275,437

279,941

}

In Transit,

1,694,000

1,694,000

Cargoes,

Discharged,

2,000 1,000

2,000

Vessels,

15

77

13

1,000

190

5,000 2,564,000

2,575,000

173

7,969

8,437

Tons,

239 3,522

1,787

3,343

14,368 1,022,899

1,046,158

Crews,...

Vessels,

184

716

151

1,202

3,166 122,472

127,891

133 138

22

74

281

328 18,629

19,605

Tons,

7,031 6,327

1,084

5,099

5,185

23,634 5,531,442 |

5,579,802

Crews,

1,190 1,335

193

678

1,792

4,735

397,909

107,832

Cargoes,

In Transit,

Discharged,.. 2,000 1,000

1,694,000

1,694,000

2,000

1,000

5,000 2,564,000

2,575,000

Vessels,

118

61

22

22

61

91

Tons,

6,792 2,805

1,084

3,312

1,842

Crews,.

1,006 619

193

527

590

155

9,266 9,909,062

1,569

1.5,812

16,320

9,934,163

Cargoes,

In Transit,

Discharged,.

2,000 1,000

2,000

Vessels,

15

77

13

1,000

190

551,576

3,369,000

5,000 4,485,000

173.

556,080

3,369,000

4,496,000

8,146

8,614

Tons,

239 3,522

1,787

3,343

14,368 1,309,833

1,333,092

Crews,.

Vessels,

184 716

151

1,202

133 138

22

74

281

Tons,

7,031 6,327

1,084 5,099

5,185

3,166.

328

23,634 11,218,895

134,997

23,958

140,416

21,934

11,267,255

Crews,..

1,190 1,335

193

678

1,792

4,735 686,573

696.196

3

In Transit,

| 3,369,000

3,369,000

Cargoes,

Discharged, 2,000 1,000

2,000

1,000

5,000 4,185,000

1,496,000

1

}

TOTAL.

B

D 26

NAMES OF PORTS.

Table VI.-TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS and CARGOES of STEAM VESSELS CLEARED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONGKONG in the YEAR 1915.

:

:

:

4

:

:

:

TOTAL.

5,077

5,077

5.273,041 5.273,01L

273.645

1.458,000

262.000

273,645

1,458.000 *

262,000

258

258

420,945

420,945

15.198

15,198

$1,000

51,000

5,335

5,335

5,693.986 5,693,986

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

Vessels,

Tons.

Crews.

Shipped

Vessels.

Tons,

Crews,

| Cargoes,

Bunker Coal,

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

Tons,

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

288.843 288.843

1,458,000 1,458,000

313.000 313.000

16

33333

53

282

14,260 14,782

845 3,110

5,310

4,621,252 4,637,387

114 142

1,793

339.386 343,207

2,000

2,000

2.052,000 2,059,000

:

:

6

28

238 2,710

49

347

71

1,394

141

:

152.000

1,927

909.659

152,000

5,094

916,395

2242

SI

1,083 | 5,820

:

:

T

66.018

67,104

}

39.000

39,000

353

19,187

19.876

0,704

F

5.530.911

5,553,782

193 789

2,237

2,000

2,000

105.434 410.611

2.052.000 2,059,000

:

:

:

:

:

:

Crews,

:

Cargoes,

Shipped,

Bunker Coal..

Vessels,

57 114

Tons.

Crows

1,560 5,310

412 1,030

Cargoes,

1,000 2,000

Shipped.

Bunker Coal,.

Vessels,.

38

24

1,521 873

286 230

TOTAL.

IN

BALLAST,

WITH CARGOES.

FOREIGN.

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

191.000

191.000

16

53

815 3,110

:

:

282

19.337 19,859

5,310

9.894 293

9,910,428

144

112

1.793

2.000

2,000

613.031 616,852

3.510,000 3,517,000

414,000 414,000

Shipped,

Vessels,

Tou

Tous,

Crews....

Bunker Coal,

(Vessels.

Tons.

Crews,

| Cargoes,

Bunker Coal,.

95

138

3,081 0183

698 1260

1,000 2000

57 114

1,560, 5,310

Crews,

¡Cargoes,

+12' 1,030

1.000 2,000

Shipped,

| Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

38.

24

Tons,.

1,521

873

Crews,

286 230

Bunker Coal,

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

:

:

:.

:

:

:

6

28

71

238 2,710

1,394

49 317

441

:

:

2223

:

81

1,083 5,820

:

353

5,185

5,352

1,330.604 1,337,340

81,246

82,602

90.000

90,000

24,522

25.211

:

:

6,704

193

789

2,237

2.000

2.000

*

:

:

:

:

:

:

[Vessels,

Tons.

Crews,

95 138

3,081 6,183

698 1.260

...

Cargoes,

1,000 2,000

:

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,.

TOTAL.

:

11,224.897 | 11,247,768

694,277

699,454

3,510,000 3,517,000

501.000 504.000

:

..

*

***

Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers

Table VII.

and Cargoes of Junks ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong, from Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1915.

CARGO.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels.

Crew.

Tons.

Ves-

Passen Cargo, gers. Tons. sels.

Tons.

Crew.

Passen- Ves-

gers. sels.

Tons.

Crew.

Passen- Cargo, gers. Tons.

Cauton,

West River,

Macao,

East Coast,

West Coast,

1,201 190,666| 22,309 3,568 354,497 | 56,365 234 34,657 2,409 2,145 | 133,046 18,515 172 14,953 2,590

96,2772,192 381,103 39,073 26,839 144,649 3,011|316,601 45,129 3,439

...

3,393

571,769 61,382

***

96,277

6,579

671,101| 101,494

30, 278 | 144,649

1 17,855 437 17,233 6,602 76 93,758 205 8,744 1,696 48 2,455 277 14,441 3,461

310

671

2,350 141,790) 20,211

81,890 9,011

1 17,855

386 93,758

449 29,394 6,051

48 2,455

Total, 1915,

7,320 | 727,819 | 102,188

26,964 | 354,994 6,122768,125 95,961

3,749 13,442 1,495,944| 198,149

30,713 |354,99±

Total, 1914,

7,511|799,836 | 110,346

62,332 353.990 |6,116 |799,669

97,980

3,561 13,627 1,499,503 203,326

65,894 353,988

- D 27

Table VIII.

Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers and Cargoes of Junks CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong, for Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1915.

- D 28

CARGO.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels.

Crew.

Tons.

Passen-

gers.

Cargo, Ves- Tons. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen- Ves- gers. sels.

Tons.

Crew.

Passen- Cargo.

gers.

Tons,

Canton,....

4,159

607,265 78,196

West River,

Macao,

5,348 569,077 81,610 484 56,829| 6,449

29,898

East Coast,

1,503

67,755 12,003

West Coast,

333

19,636 3,854

40

607,101 60 6,306 823 365,421| 972 52,695 11,843 36,822 103 14,296 1,000 26,571 653 62.965 6,668 8,591 37 937 234

4,219 613,571 79,019

607,101

1,230 6,320 621,772 96,453 31,128 587 71,125 7,449 1,220 2,156 130,720 18,671 1,220 26,571 370 20,573 4,088 44 8,591

365,421

36,822

Total, 1915,

11,827 1,320,562 185,112

29,938 1.044,506|1,825 | 137,199

20,568

2,454 13,652|1,457,761] 205,680 | 32,392 (1,041,506

Total, 1911,

|1,467,756

12,115 1,467,756| 191,470

1,017,270 66,205 1,017,270 1,732 | 151,666

21,139

526 13,847 1,610,210 112,609 66,731 1,017,270

FOREIGN TRADE.

D 29

Table IX.

Summary of Arrivals and Departures of all Vessels.

1914.

1915.

No. of VESSELS.

TONS.

CREW.

No. OF VESSELS.

TONS.

CREW.

British Ships entered with Cargoes,

Do.

5,225

5,797,625

285,444

5,152

5,400,519

276,139

do. in Ballast,

231

373,523

13,690

177

286,934

12,525

Total,

5,456

6,171,148

299,134

5,329

5,687,453

288,664

British Ships cleared with Cargoes,

5,182

5.656,237

278,557

5,077

5.273,041

273,645

Do.

do. in Ballast,

270

485,019

14,488

258

420,945

15,198

Total,

5,452

6,141,256

293,045

5,335

5,693,986

288,843

Foreign Ships entered with Cargoes,

2,783

4,521,876

174,389

2,585

3,758,863

156,785

Do.

do. in Ballast,

200

228,022

8,496

193

211,299

10,357

Total,

2,983

4,749,898

182,885

2,778

3,970,162

167,142

Foreign Ships cleared with Cargoes,

2,418

4,032,102

160,538

2,207

3,283,559

140,811

Do.

do. in Ballast,

575

723,492

20,716

580

697,648

20,661

Total,

2,993

4,755,594

181,254

2,787

3,981,207

161,472

Steamships under 60 tons entered with Cargoes,

Do.

do.

1,504

50,258

21,534

1,263

46,962

20,968

do.

in Ballast,

1,613

54,815

15,767

2,122

66,734

21,573

Total,

3,117

105,073

37,301

3.385

113,696

42,541

Steamships under 60 tons cleared with Cargoes, .

681

31,996

15,263

718

33,266

17,284

Do.

do.

do. in Ballast,

2,440

78,185

22,142

2,689

81,548

26,175

Total,

3,121

110,181

37,405

3,437

114,814

43,459

Junks entered with Cargoes,

Do. do. in Ballast,

7,235

761,249

107,609

7,320

727,819

102,188

5,682

754,283

91,253

6,122

768,125

95,961

Total,

12,917

1,515,532

198,862

13,442

1,495,944

198,149

Junks cleared with Cargoes,

11,627

1,406,863

184,314

11,827

1,320,562

185,112

Do. do. in Ballast,

1,605

130,887

20,284

1,825

137,199

20,568

Total,

13,232

1,537,750

204,598

13,652

1,457,761

205,680

Total of all Vessels entered,

24,473

12,541,651

Total of all Vessels cleared,

24,798

12,544,781

718,182 716,302

24,934 11,267,255 26,211 11,247,768

696,496

699,451

Total of all Vessels entered and cleared, in

Foreign Trade,

49,271

25,086,432

1,434,484 51,145 22,515,023 1,395,950

LOCAL TRADE.

Total Junks entered,

Do.

cleared,

Total Local Trade entered and cleared,

13,979 14,072

28,051 1,197,871

599,846 598,025

99,833 17,112 101,088 17,404

671,275 675,815

157,659

160,459

200,921 34,516 1,347,090

318,118

Total Foreign Trade entered and cleared,

Total Local Trade entered and cleared,.

49,271 28,051

25,086,432 1,197,871

1,434,484 200,921

51,145 34,516

22,515,023

1,395,950

1,347,090

318,118

Grand Total,

77,322

26,284,303

1,635,405

85,661

23,862,113

1,714,068

PLACES.

Outside the Waters of the Colony :-

Table X.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Entered in the Colony of Hongkong during the year 1915.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crews.

Passengers.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crews.

Within the Waters of the Colony, 1914, Do.,

2,863,330 |

1915,

138,897 1,082,063 148,766 | 2,835,149 | 1,143,013

80,190 2,276,398 642,917 74,703 2,176,254 553,478 | 3,746,897 · 2,407

3,674,781

Cauton,........

West River,

Macao,

East Coast,

Other places,

Total,..

Passengers.

Cargo,

Tons.

TOTAL.

Vessels.

Tounage.

Crews.

Passengers.

Cargo,

Tons.

965

219,087 5,139,728 | 1,724,080 | 3,674,781 223,469 5,011,403 1,696,491 3,746,897

914 23,093 7,325

568 15,554 4,1067

948

110 3,031

13 318 104

163 6,942 3,367 3,116 922 33,350 9,829 914

133 5,033 1,385 58 1,602 116| 5,981| 3,896| 2,681 1,837 343 17,565 10,751 10,600 317 103 2,829 830 947

1,482 38,647 11,431

243 8,064 2,333 58 1,602 129 6,299 4,000 2,681 1,837 506 24,507 14,118 13,716 317 1,025 36,179 10,659 1,861

18,316 2,122 66,734 21,573 4,030 1,263 46,962 20,968 14,286 3,756 3,385 113,696 42,541 18,316 3,756

965

2,107

D 30

PLACES.

Table XI.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Cleared in the Colony of Hongkong during the year 1915.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

TOTAL.

Vessels.

Ton-

nage.

Crews. Passen-

Ton-

Vessels.

Crews.

gers.

nage.

Ton-

Passen- Cargo, Vessels. gers. Tons.

Crews. Passen- Cargo,

nage.

gers.

Tons.

Bunker

Coal

Tons.

Within the Waters of the Colony 1914,

Do.,

1915,

138,717 2,857,890 1,080,263 148,550 2,828,901 | 1,140,917

80,370 2,281,838 644,717 | 3,610,539 74,919 2,182,502 | 555,574 8,712,298

959

3,189

219,087 5,139,728 | 1,724,980 | 3,610,539 223,469 | 5,011,403 | 1,696,191 8,712,298

959

3,189

37,730

39,112

|

Outside the Waters of the Colony :-

D 31

Canton,....

West River,..

1,406 36,159 11,260

19

129 3,460 1,097

10

Macao,

East Coast,

Other places,

21 561 170

163|6,955| 163 6,955 3,431 3,163

970 34,410 10,217 | 1,128

462 9,906

81 2,434 729 191 462 1,487 38,593 |11,989 213 128 4,929| 1,369 467 2,262 257 8,389 2,466 477 2,262 | 2,414 108 5,723 3,794 3,246 2,923 129 6,287 3,964 3,246 2,923 498 361 17,980 10,803 10,586 288 524 24,935 14,234 13,749 1,040 36,610 10,806 1,986

70 2,200 589 858

288 2,333

2,169

...

Total,

2,689 81,548 26,175| 4,320

748 33,266 17,284 15,351 5,935 3,437 114,814 43,459 19,671 5,935 17,620

Table XII.

Number of Boat Licences issued and fees collected during the year 1915 as compared with the previous year. (Under Table UT, Section 40, of Ordinance No. 10 of 1899.)

1914.

1915.

DESCRIPTION.

LICENCE.

LICENCE DUPLI- Books. CATE.

REPAINT-

ING.

FEES.

LICENCE.

LICENCE DUPLI- BOOKS.

CATE.

REPAINT-

ING

SPECIAL

PERMITS.

FEES.

...

$

3,086.00

V

D

32

Licence Book, $1.00 each,

3,612

3,612.00

$10.00

Repainting,

Special Permits

Passenger Boats, Classes A & B,.

"3

"

"

$2.00

· $5.00

>>

...

"

"}

}}

$0.25

""

多多

3,086

1

...

2

10.00

4,600

1,150.00

2,676

Lighters,

Cargo Boats,....

Water Boats,

Other Boats,...

Fish Drying Hulks,..

1,138

180

1,468

64

10,461

61

7,449.00

1,116

...

...

2,494

2.00

10.00

669.00

623.50

7,315.91

8,270.25

182

8,859.01

32,941.43

1,395

30,407.96

1,348.75

63

1,428,52

42,186.75

10,595

39,671.94

481.25

69

489.25

Duplicate Licences,

6

6.00

3.00

ΤΟΤΑΙ,

13,375

3,614

6

4,600 | 97,455.43 | 13,420

3,088

3

2,676 2,494

92,566.09

Refunded on Lighters laid up,................

177,69

Total,...$ 97,455,43

Total, ... 92,388.40

D 33

Table XIII.

Comparative Statement of Revenue collected in the Harbour Department during the Years 1914 and 1915.

Sub-head of Revenue.

Amount

1914.

Amount 1915.

C.

G.

wise specified :-

1. Light Dues, Ordinance 10 of 1899,

Special Assessment,

2. Licences and Internal Revenue not other-

Boat Licences, Ordinance 10 of 1899, Chinese Passenger Ship Licences, Or-

dinance 1 of 1889,

90,397.87

103,667.97

75,475.75 93,008.43

97,455.43 | 92,388.10

1,650.00

1,365.00

Emigration Brokers' Licences, Ordi-

nance 1 of 1889,

1,600.00

1,400.00

Fines,

10,754.14

13,963.33

Forfeitures...

Fishing Stake and Station Licences,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,

Fishing Stake and Station Licences, do.,

from the New Territories,

Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899, Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899,

from the New Territories,

Pilots' Licences, Ordinance 3 of 1904, Steam-launch Licences, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

3. Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes and Reimburse- ments-in-Aid:-

Engagement and Discharge of Seamen,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,...

185.60

159.80

2,629.00

2,469.60

40,755.10 | 40,632.00

11,427.60

10,430.00

75.00

70.00

5,616.38

7,389.25

33,489.80

29,278.40

Engagement of Masters and Engineers of Steam-launches, Ord. 10 of 1899, Examination of Masters, &c., Ordinance

313.50

271.00

10 of 1899,

2,780.00

1,802.50

Fees for use of Government Buoys,-

Ordinance 10 of 1899..

3,480.00

6,632.73

Gunpowder, Storage of, Ord. 10 of 1899, Medical Examination of Emigrants, Ord.

12,315.34

7,693.33

1 of 1889,

*55,471.50 †46,031.00

Official Signatures.

1,280.00

2,152 00

Printed Forms, Sale of,

314.75

186.75

Registry Fees (Merchant Shipping Act),

Ordinance 10 of 1899,.

1,841.00

1,763.00

Steam-launches, Surveyor's Certificate,

Ordinance 10 of 1899......

3,915.00

4,395.00

Survey of Steamships, Ordinance 10 of

1899,...

30,644.94 27,030.63

Sunday Cargo Working Permits, Ord.

I of 1891,

4. Miscellaneous Receipts-Message Fees for

notifying ships signalled.....

66,950.00 | 85,250.00

433.00

Total,....

$579,442.92 551,237,90

* † See next page.

-

D 34

*

Statement of Emigration Fees, 1914:

Revenue collected by.

Office of Secretary for

Harbour Department,...... $55,456.50

Chinese Affairs,

Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health,

5,036.00

9,036.00

Expenditure incurred by.

$ 4,200.00 (Estimated.)

3,653.62

14,990.77

Medical Department,......

$ 69,528.50

$ 22,844.39

Net Revenue.

$ 46,684.11

Revenue

collected by.

Harbour Department,...... $ 46,031.00

Office of Secretary for

Chinese Affairs,

3,584.00

† Statement of Emigration Fees, 1915 :—

Expenditure incurred by.

$ 4,200.00 (Estimated.)

889.32

Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health,

Medical Department,......

.....

7,284.00

16,211.34

$ 56,899.00

$ 21,300.66

Net Revenue. $35,598.34

Table XIV.

Summary of Chinese Emigration from Hongkong for Ports other than in China, during the year 1915.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

GRAND TOTAL.

WHITHER BOUND.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Total.

Total,

Total.

M.

F.

M.

F

J. 12.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

- D 35 --

Africa,

126

18

22

166

126 18

22

166

:

Australia.

1,785

1

1

Calcutta,

816

69

29

26

1,788

970

204

2

207 1.989

3

1

1,995

846

69

20

26

970

Canacia,

2,715

14

41

3 2,803 13

132,758

41

3

2,816

Dutch Indies,

[11.278

681

642

107 12,708 11,278

GSL

642

107

12.708

Fiji,

145

145

5

5 150

:

150

Honolulu.

2

10 1,001

81

53

23

1,161 | 1,012

83

53

23

1,171

Japan,...

12

12

466

19

4

3

492

178

19

4

3

504

Mauritius,

512

60

62

637

512

60

62

3

637

Mexico,

362

370 362

7

370

South America,...

366

11

61

2

443 366

11

64

2

443

Straits Settlements....

(28,317| 7,548, 2,232

98339,080

1,818

263

73

44 | 2,198 30,135| 7.811| 2,305|1,027| 41,278

Tahiti....

16

16

...

Timor,

65

...

1 65

U. S. of America,......

681

17

730 3.730

51 302

United Kingdom,

166

166

:

16

65

4.090 4,411

53

349

166

DA.

:

16

65

4,820

166

Total 1915,

Da. 1914,

35,424 | 7,711| 2,434| 1,016|46,588|19.246| 1,108 | 1,147 | 139,792| 6,604| 2,528 856 49,780 |23,392|1,494 | 1.410 Total Passengers by British Ships, Total Passengers by Foreign Ships,

186 21,687 54,670| 8,8/2| 3,581| 1,202| 68,275 220 26,516 63,184| 8,098 | 3,938 | 1,076 || 76,296

Excess of Passengers by British Ships,.

|35,424 | 7,714| 2,434| 1.016 46,588 |19,216| 1,108 | 1,147 186 21,687 830 24,901

[16,178| 6,596|1,287

Table XV.

Statement of average number of Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1880 to 1915 inclusive.

1880.

41,720

1885.

63,138

1890.

66,706

1895. 1900. 1905. 1910. 60,360 66,961 73,103 88,452

1915.

109,110

Table XVI.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, for Ten Years, from 1906 to 1915, inclusive.

Whither bound.

1906.

1907. 1908. 1909. 1910. 1911. 1912.

1913.

1914.

1915.

Straits Settlements. Males. Straits Settlements, Females,

Total,

51,589 71,141 40.746 40,129 8.731 11,907 8,893 7,887 60,320 83,048 49,639 48,016

65,372 83.875

68,809

85,099 36,764

11,333 17,031

15,215 17,25 £

32,440

8,210 6,838

76,705 |100.906

84,024 | 102,353

44.974 41,278

Other Ports, Males, Other Ports, Females,

16,348

57

22.829

90

Total,

16,405

22,919

21,299

143

21,442

28,965

449

33.692 33.935

661 29,414 34.353 34,659 38,633 40,406

724

37.791

842

39,001

1,405

30,358

25,811

964 1,126

31,322 26,997

Grand Total,

76,725 | 105,967

71,081 | 77,430 | 111,058 |185,565 |122,657 | 142,759

76,296

68.275

- D 36

Table XVII.

Summary of Chinese Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, during the Year 1915.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

D 37 -

GRAND TOTAL.

WHERE FROM.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

17.

M.

Australia,

Bangkok,

Canada,

Dutch Indies,

2.586

102

210

30

2,928

1,039

30

69

1.144

3,625

132

279

36

4,072

594

39

83

8

724

99

110

693

41

92

834

3.478

$7

141

43

3,749

3.478

87

141

43

3,749

10,969

225

367

103

11.664

10,969

225

367

103

11,664

...

Honolulu,

171

13

2

191

111

127

282

25

2

318

Japan,

Mauritius,

Straits Settlements,

84

3

1

95

84

95

:

179

6

"il

4

200

179

6

11

4

200

69,765

United States of America,

1,436

853 | 1,715 27 50

410

72,743

7.522

155 347

64

8,088

9

1.522

5.946

163 289

70

6.468

77,287

7,382

1,008 | 2,062

190

474

80,831

339

79

7,990

Total Passengers, 1915,...

Do.,

78,209

1914, . | 121.931

1,119 | 2,223

3,359 | 2,910

506

82,057 25,770

964 | 129,164 37,060

582 1,100

244

27,696 103,979

1.701 3,323

750 | 109,753

988 | 1,314

301

39,663 || 158,991

4,347 | 4,224 |1.265 |168,827

Total Passengers by British Vessels, Total Passengers by Foreign Vessels,

78,209

1,119 | 2,223 506 82,057

25,770

582 1,100

244

27,696

Excess of Passengers by British Vessels,

52.439

5371,123

262

54,361

Table XVIII.

Statement of average number of Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1880 to 1915 inclusive.

1880.

48,114

1885. 1890. 69,830 96,068

1895. 1900. 104,118 109,534

1905. 1910. 137,814 146,585

1915.

151,728

Table XIX.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants Returued to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, for

Ten Years, from 1906 to 1915 inclusive.

Where from.

1906. 1907. 1908. 1909. 1910. 1911. 1912. 1913. 1914.

1915.

Straits Settlements. Males,

Straits Settlements, Females,

Total,.

110,525 121,935 125,228112,093 110,439 114,069 4,043 2,403 4,422 3,887 ག

7,524

123,594 | 123,363 | 136,753 5,688 7,869 10,381 4,605

79,349

1,482

114,568 124,338 |129,650 |115,480 117,963 119,757 131,463 | 133,744 | 141,358

80.831

Other Ports, Males, Other Ports, Females,

Total,

19,848

496

21.387 27.869 29,180 97 290 161

30,986 28,816 30,335 31,756 26,462 615 1,321 1,450 1,421 1,007

27,953

969

20,344 21,481 28,159 29,341 31,601 30,137 31,785 33,177 27,469 28,922

Grand Total,,

134,912 |145,822 157,809144,821 |149,564 |149,894 |163,248 |166.921 |168,827 |109,753

- D 38

Table XX.

Return of Vessels Registered at the Port of Hongkong during the Year 1915.

Name of Vessel.

Official

Number.

Registered

Tounage.

Horse

Power.

Rig.

Build.

Where and when built.

Remarks.

1. Tien Choy,

137,677

58.30

160

2. Nam Hoi,

95,858

426 93

300

Carvel Hongkong. Clencher

";

3. Hunslet,

137.678 3,687.48 2,900

Schooner "3

1914

.1891 Newcastle-on-Tyne, 1898

Formerly Tai On

:

·,

re-re-

[gistered.

4. Frisia,

137,680 3.180.13 3,000

1914

++

$5

5. Enrica,

137,679 16.05 26

...

"}

6. Annah,

137,681

102.78

Hongkong, Carvel Canton,

19

"}

7. Bellah,

137.682 141.77

11

+

8. Chao Chow Fu,

137.683 1,194.75 1,200 Schooner Clencher Grestemunde,

1900

9. Chuen Chow,.

10. Senegambia,

11. Going,

137.684 296.98 310

};

Hongkong,

1915

137,685 | 2,386.75 1,600 Schooner

";

Hamburg,

1895

137,687

3.73 26; Chinese Sail

Carvel Hongkong,

1915

12. Brisbane,

87,040 716.41 120 Schooner Clencher Grangemouth,

1883

Transferred from Melbourne.

13. Polbain,

137,688 1,013.72 860

Premenhaven,

1902

14. Katong,

137,689 863,35 1,850

Hongkong.

1915 Purchased from foreigners.

15. Kolya,

95,100 1,168.00 800

Carvel

Belfast,

.1888

Do.

16. Sisiman,

133,244

796.25 515

Clencher Birgen, Norway,.

.1885

17. Asia,

137,690

221

11

Carvel | Hongkong,

1914

18. America,

137.691

2 24

11

•Y

19. Europe,

137,692

2.24

11

20. Africa,

137,693

2.24

11

1

21. Hongkbeng,

93,210 3,085.44 1,200 | Schooner Clencher Greenock,

1888

22. Hauroto,

84,479 1.275 86

23. Shan Tung,

24. Ko Chow,

137,695

25. Wollowra,

104,811

26. Tien Tai,.

137,696

250 137,691 1,567.80 1,400 182 04 475 1.677.52 2,500 Schooner 32.52 72

""

"

"

Dumbarton,

Hongkong,

1882

Transferred from Dunedin,

1915

[N.Z.

"

.

"

Newcastle-on-lyne, 1891 Caivel Hongkong, 1915

Transferred from Sydney,

[N.S.W.

- D 39 —

Table XXI.

Return of Registers of Vessels Cancelled at the Port of Hongkong during the Year 1915.

Name of Vessel.

Official

Number.

Registered

Tonnage.

Date of

Registry.

Horse Power.

Rig.

Build. Where and when built.

Reason of Cancellation.

1. Tai On,

95,858

438.21 1891

80

Clencher Hongkong,

.1891

Constructively lost.

2. Albatross,

123,098

39.83| 1907

99

Carvel

.1907

"3

Sold to foreigners.

3. Hoi Wa,

133,242

99.81 1913

170

Clencher

1913

Do.

"

4. Frísia,

137,680 | 3,180.13| 1915 3,000 | Schooner

5. Kato' g,

137,689

863,35

1,850

}}

| Newcastle-on-Tyne 1914

Hongkong,

By order of Admiralty.

1915

Transferred to Singapore.

6. Tien Kwan, .

137,672 36.30 1914

72

Carvel

...1914

Totally lost.

7. Polbain,

137,688 1,013.72❘ 1915

860

Schooner Clencher Bremenhaven, ..1902

8. Shan Tung,.

137,694|1,567.80

1,100

By order of Secretary of State for the Colonies,

Hongkong, .........1915 Transferred to London.

· D 40

D 41

Table XXII.

Number and Tonnage of Vessels in Foreign Trade Entered and

Cleared since 1906.

YEAR.

NO. OF

VESSELS,

TONNAGE.

1906*

44,550

22,453,077

1907

47,660

23,032,891

1908

45,403

22,305,131

1909

43,794

22,415,125

1910

38,727

23,067,391

1911

14,978

23,063,108

1912

46,603

24,269,270

1913

47,520

25,821,652

1914

51,214

25,279,624

1915

50,148

22,515,023

Net Increase in 1915 against 1906 of 5,598 vessels and 61,946 tons.

* Decrease as compared with 1905 due to Typhoon of 18th September, 1906.

Table XXIII.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department.

Year.

Total Revenue of Department.

Total Expenditure of Department.

Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

C.

C.

%

1906,.. 1907

274,008.78

348,300.10

160,899.99 160,389.48

58.43

46.05

1908,...

357,768.52

163,579 54

45.72

1909

>

462,469.82

172,680.55

37.34

1910,

494,234.84

160,035.89

32:38

1911

506,964.85

161,149.32

31.76

3

1912,

549,275.40

149,043.58

27.13

1913,

612,672.08

168,069.06

27.42

1914,

579,442.92

173,214.01

29.89

1915,

551,237.90

166,465.04

30.19

"OST

Table XXIV,

DIAGRAM of Tonnage entered at Hongkong, from 1867 to 1915 inclusive.

E represents British Shipping Tonnage only.

BLACK LINE represents German Shipping age only.

RED LINE represents Japanese Shipping rge only,

ND represents Foreign Shipping Tonnage

GREEN LINE represents British and Foreign Ship- ping Tonnage.

YELLOW LINE represents Junk Tonnage only, ex- cluding Local Trade.

VIOLET LINE represents Steam-launch Tonnage only, excluding Local Trade.

THICK BLACK LINE represents entire Foreign Trade in British and Foreign Ships, Junks and Steam-

1868.

1869.

1870.

1871.

1872.

1873.

1874.

1875.

1876.

1877.

1878.

1879.

1880.

1881.

1882.

1883.

1884.

1885.

1886.

1887.

1888.

1889.

1890.

1891.

!

1892.

1893.

1894.

1895.

1896.

1897.

1898.

1899.

1900.

1901.

1902.

1903.

launches.

1904.

1905. 1906.

1907.

1908.

1909.

1910.

1911. 1912.

1913.

1914.

14,000,000

13,800,000

13,600,000

13,400,000

13,200,000

13.000.000

12,800,000

12,600,000

12,400,000

12,200,000

12,000,000

11,800,000

11,600,000

11,400,000

11,200,000

11,000,000

10,800,000

10,600,000

10,400,000

|10,200,000

1915.

TONS.

1868.

1869.

1870.

1871.

1872.

1873.

1874.

1875.

1876.

1877.

1878.

1879.

1880.

1881.

1882.

1883.

1884.

1885.

1886.

1887.

*8381

1889.

1e only.

ED LINE represents Japanese Shipping ¡e only.

cluding Local Trade.

VIOLET LINE represents Steam-launch Tonnage only, excluding Local Trade.

E represents Foreign Shipping Tonnage

in British and

Foreign

THICK BLACK LINE represents entire Foreign Trade Junks and Steam-

Ships,

launches.

1890.

1891.

1892.

1893.

1894.

1895.

1896.

1897.

1898.

1899.

1900.

1901.

1902.

1903.

1901.

1905.

1906.

1907.

1908.

1909.

1910.

1911.

1912.

1913.

1914.

1915.

14,000,000

13,800,000

13,600,000

13,400,000

13,200,000

1.3,000,000

12,800,000

12,600,000

12,400,000

12,200,000

12,000,000

11,800,000

11,600,000

|11,400,000

11,200,000

11,000,000

10,800,000

10,600,000

10,400,000

10,200,000

10,000,000

9,800,000

9,600.000

9,400,000

9,200,000

9,000,000

8,800,000

8,600,000

8,400,000

8,200,000

8,000,000

7,900,000

7,800,000

7,700,000

7,600,000

TONS.

7,700,000

7,600,000

7,500,000

$7,400,000

7,300,000

7,200,000

7,100,000

7,000,000

6,900,000

6,800,000

6,700,000

6,600,000

6,500,000

6,400,000

6,300,000

6,200,000

6,100,000

6,000,000

5,900,000

5,800,000

5,700,000

5,600,000

5,500,000

5,400,000

5,300,000

5,200,000

5,100,000

5,000,000

4,900,000

4,800,000

4,700,000

4,600,000

4,500,000

4,400,000

4,300,000

4,200,000

4,100,000

4,000,000

3,900,000

3,800,000

3,700,000

3,600,000

3,500,000

3,400,000

3,300,000

3,200,000

3,100,000

1 000 000

Appendix E.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1915.

LIQUORS CONSOLIDATION ORDINANCE.

1. The revenue collected from liquor duties and licensed warehouses for 1915 was $626,574.97 as compared with $656,955.89 in 1914. The general details are as follows:-

1915.

1914.

Duties, European Liquors,

Duties, Chinese Liquors,...

Licensed Warehouse Fees,

Licensed Warehouse Overtime Fees,

$173,001.24 $222,031.68

447,533.73 428,106.21

6,000.00 40.00

6,750.00 68.00

$626,574.97 $656,955.89

As was to be expected from the conditions at present obtaining in the Colony the revenue derived from the duties on European liquors shows a further decrease. The revenue from Chinese liquors shows an increase and though the total amount collected was less than in 1913 it is satisfactory to note that the whole of the increase comes from the liquors sold by the local distilleries. Full details of the trade in European liquors are given in Table I, and for Chinese liquors in Tables II and III.

OPIUM MONOPOLY.

2. The Department continued to control the Opium Monopoly during the year. Raw opium was purchased at the Calcutta Auctions from time to time through the agency of Messrs. David Sassoon & Co. who also made all the necessary shipping arrange- ments. Mr. H. Alan Taylor continued in charge of the factory and though a few minor alterations have been introduced the general procedure has remained unaltered. The total quantity of raw opium boiled including confiscated raw opium during the year was 345 chests as compared with 449 in 1914. This reduction was due partly to the increase in price which was introduced in Septem- ber, 1914, but the sales were also affected during the earlier part of the year by conditions attendant on the war.

3. The arrangements for the packing and sale of prepared opium have continued to run smoothly and every endeavour has been made to prevent the opium sold in the Colony being exported. to neighbouring countries.

E 2

4. The gross revenue

from the Opium Monopoly was $4,765,028,59 including the amount derived from fines and forfeitures.

5. Excellent work was again done by the Preventive Staff during the year. But in spite of the enormous seizures made there seems to be no decrease in the traffic in smuggled opium through the Colony for the reasons given in my report last year. Table IX shows the number of seizures made and the amount of opium confiscated.

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF RAW OPIUM.

6. Tables IV to VI show the details of the import and export of raw opium. The absorption by China of the stocks of certified opium held in Hongkong and Shanghai continued slowly, and certain movements of opium took place between the two places. On 1st October an agreement was come to between the Commissioner for the suppression of opium for the Province of Kwang Tung and the opium merchants of Hongkong for the purchase of all the stock of certified opium held in Hongkong amounting to 1,200 chests. Delivery is to be taken of the whole of this stock within 18 months from the date of the agreement. Persian opium continued to be imported into the Colony practically entirely for Formosa. The import of Uncertified Indian opium is limited to the Govern- ment and the Macao Opium Farmer.

SUGAR.

7. Tables VII and VIII show the details of the import of sugar for the year.

MILITARY STORES EXPORTATION ORDINANCE.

8. A great deal of work has been thrown on the department over the Military Stores Exportation Ordinance and other legislation in this connection occasioned by the war. Hongkong has always been known as a free port and though certain regulations have been in existence dealing with sugar, opium, and intoxicating liquors, there has never been any control over the general movement of cargo through the port and there is no customs organisation. The various proclamations issued under the Military Stores Exportation Ordi- nance made it necessary to have a system under which it is possible to control the movement of cargo entering or leaving the Colony. A considerable amount of detail had to be gone into, but the three main points that occupied the attention of the department were :--

(a) to control the movement of prohibited goods,

(b) to prevent trading with the enemy,

(c) to avoid hampering genuine trade.

The system adopted was in the main simple. Prohibited goods could not be exported except under a permit. All ships and junks leaving the Colony had to furnish the department with a full and complete manifest. Manifests were checked against permits, and

E 3

In

records were kept. The work entailed was considerable owing to the extraordinary position of the Colony as a collecting and distribu- ting centre and the vast mass of goods that pass through. many cases enquiries had to be made as to the origin, destination, and use of the goods in question. The working of this system might have had a serious effect on the trade of the Colony but I believe that very little effect has been felt chiefly owing to the loyal co-operation of the Shipping Companies and the extraordinary adaptability of the Chinese community. Some idea of the amount of work involved will be gathered from the fact that 85,351 permits

were issued during the year.

9. In addition to the work involved by the Military Stores Ex- portation Ordinance, the department had also to control the opera- tion of the Certificate of Origin and Declaration of Ultimate Destina- tion Ordinances. 366 Certificates of Origin were received during the year under the former and 191 Declarations were made under the latter. 168 Landing Certificates were issued for goods imported from other British Possessions under bond.

10. During the latter half of the year conditions were further complicated by the introduction of the White and Black Lists system for China and Siam. A certain amount of work had been done in connection with "Trading with the Enemy" through the examina- tion of manifests. It was obvious however that the only satisfactory way of dealing with the question of White and Black Lists was to extend the permit system to all goods imported into and exported out of the Colony. Legislation to this effect was passed in December, 1915, and the department has now complete control of all goods entering or leaving the Colony.

11. The total expenditure of the department for the year includ- ing the purchase of raw opium was $841,002.69 as compared with $991,096.46 in 1914.

18th June, 1916.

R. O. HUTCHISON, Superintendent of Imports and Exports.

Table I.

Balance in

Exported

Bond on

Class of Liquor.

31st

Arrivals.

ex Ship

to Ship

Ship's

Store,

Consumed

locally.

December,

or ex

1914.

Bond.

Remaining in Bond on the 31st Dec., 1915.

In Holt's

General

Bonded

Warehouse,

In H.K. & K.

Godown Cols: In Licensed

General Konded Warehouses.

Warehouse.

Total in

Bond.

— E 4 —

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons,

Gallons.

Gallons.

Alc, Beer and Stout,

63,752

371,013

155,654

23,573

Bitters,

294

724

607

24

194,867

203

2,794

21,742

36,135

60,671

20

28

136

184

Brandy,

7,316

32,696

27,240

882

4,362

428

1,864

5,236

7,528

California Wine,..

2,220

2,220

...

Champagne,

2,198

2,700

1,221

478

2,041

76

162

920

Claret,

3,212

11,401

6,946

439

5,021

54

528

1,625

1,158

2,207

Cider,

150

417

74

19

213

261

261

Gin,...

1,524

19,040

12,355

3,306

4,835

74

674

2,320

3,068

Ginger Wine,

133

76

34

104

71

Liqueurs,.

2,539

4,910

3,968

690

786

216

216

1,573

71

2,005

Malaga,

...

Madeira,

114

118

4

18

53

157

157

...

Marsala,

172

220

144

5

51

192

192

Medicated Wine,

120

272

266

10

116

...

Muscatal,

7

7

Port,

4,383

7,674

5,050

635

3,178

...

44

218

Prune Wine,

78

42

2,932

120

...

116

3,194

120

Table 1,-Continued.

Balance in

Exported

Remaining in Bond on the 31st Dec., 1915.

Bond on

Class of Liquor.

31st

December,

1914.

Arrivals.

ex Ship

to Ship

Ship's

Store.

Consumed

locally.

or ex

In Holt's

General

In H.K. & K.

Godown Co.'s

In Licensed

Bond.

Bonded

General Bonded Warehouses.

Total in

Bond.

Warehouse

Warehouse.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Rum,

380 (1) 6,615

692

18 (2) 5,004

12

26 (3) 1,213

1,251

Sake,

328

8,359

1,104

I

1,074

6,295

214

214

Sherry,

2,504

3,540

1,387

495

1,700

8

58

2,396

2,462

Sparkling Wine,......................

417

6,181

5,871

22

284

4

212

205

421

Spirits of Wine & Arrack,

23,908

279,771

221,508

4) 69,038

12,526

607

13,133

E 5 -

Other Still Wine,

3,083

22,217

19,433

844 (5) 2,660

174

644

1,545

2,363

Tonic Wine,

4

4

4

Vermouth,

1,918

8,166

5,570

613

1,823

48

622

1,408

2,078

Vibrona,

9

41

36

14

14

Whisky,

14,429

52,764

24,642

7,600

17,907

2,532

582

13,930

17,044

Wincarnis,

54

54

66

42

42

Wine, (European), ... (6)

34,895

34,895

...

(1) Includes 1,539 gallons distilled locally.

(2)

3,829

י,

for preserving tobacco,

736

"}

""

in distilleries.

"

68,926

88

>>

for burning, perfumery, etc.

"}

"

for preserving tobacco.

(6) Re-exported immediately without examination.

Table II.

Balance in Bond on 31st Dec., 1914,

Consumed

Arrivals.

Locally.

Exported

Denatured and used for

Vinegar, etc.

Remaining in Bond ou the

31st December, 1915.

in

Distilled Locally.

in

H.K. & K.

ex Bond

Bond.

Dis-

Im- Distilled] Im- Distilled tilleries. ported. Locally. ported. Locally. ex Ship ex Dis. to Ship.tilleries.

or

Distilled ex Bond, ported. Locally.

Im-

Holt's

General

Godown In Li.

Co.'s Gen-

censed

Bonded eral Bond- Ware ed Ware- house. house.

Ware-

houses.

In Dis-

tilleries

E 6

9,501

27,808 845,394 1,156,804 587,469 940,940 255,772 77,114 32.566

Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight,

Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons, Gallons. Gallons.

543

99,800

35%

508

ני

45%

""

""

50%

109,412

1,277

""

1,143 60,913 21,630 30,404 17,519 30,810 3,360 27381,668 51,028 36,863 1,839 319,615 20,770 2,368 17,352

612

:

2,285 3,164

43,096

265

851

10,260 34,192

11

196 1,282

6,902 127,700

671

735

1,327

Above

50%

120

120

...

"}

Total,

120,698

28,978 |1,308,8651,229,462 657,224 960,298 623,549 82,759 36.842

808 142,896

8,499 139,483 36,145

Table III.

Return of Distilleries during the year 1915.

Output.

Consumed locally.

Sold into Bond.

Exported.

Denatured Denatured

for Tobac-

for

preserving

co making. bean-curd.

Gallons. Gallons.

Gallons. Gallons.

Gallons. Gallons. Gallons.

Gallons.

Hongkong and New Kowloon,

Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight,' 623,509 | 421,737 23,076 66,187

95,176

17,333

35%

11.618

6,983

45%

""

48,352 1,551

612 3,288

3,164

735

2,285

40,716

636

Rum,

1.623

51

94

742

736

Hongkong,

Total,

Manufactured in New Territories Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight. 316,821 | 301,270 for local consumption in

35%

""

45%

Total,

Used for

Vinegar.

685,102 | 430,322 26,946 71,760

742

40,716

95,176

19,440

10,927

4,624

10,459

10,387

72

I

2,668

288

2,380

329,948 311,945

10,999

2,380 4,624

Stock on

31st Dec.,

1915.

E 7

Table III,-Continued.

Return of Distilleries during the year 1915,—Continued.

Output.

locally.

Consumed

Sold into

Gallons. Gallons.

Bond.

Exported.

Denatured

for Tobac-

Denatured i

for

preserving

co making. bean-curd.

Used for

Vinegar.

Stock on

31st Dec.,

1915

Gallons. | Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. 9,490

16,859

Manufactured in New Territories Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight,| 244.282| 217,933

for local consumption.

696

149

"

35%

45%

35

י,

73

Total,....

245.013 218,082 9,490

547

1

35

17,441

Total,..

685,102| 430,322

329,948 | 311,945

71,760 26,946

9,490 | 10,999

742

40,716 95,176

19,440

2,380

4,624

17,441

245,013| 218,082

Grand Total,..

|1,260,063 960,349

36.436

82,759

742

43.096

99,800

36,881

E 8

Table IV.

Varieties of Opium Imported.

MALWA.

PATNA. BENARES. PERSIAN.

TURKISHI, CHINESE. TOTAL.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

1914,

8344

886

669

670

3,0593

1915,

125

144

452

852

1,873

182

Increase,

Decrease,

7091/

442

217

1,1861

1914,

1915,

Increase,

Decrease,

Varieties of Opium Exported.

MALWA.

PATNA. BENARES. PERSIAN. TURKISH. CHINESE.

ΤΟΤΑΙ..

chests.

chests. chests.

chests.

chests.

chests,

chests

2,032

1,117

609

1,153

4,9113

607

621

402

860·

2,490

1,125

496

207

293

2,4211

Through Cargo reported in Manifests but not landed

1914,

1915

15 chests.

498

22

E 9 -

Table V.

Varieties of Certificated and Un-certificated Opium Imported and Exported during the year 1915.

E 10

CERTIFICATED.

UN-CERTIFICATED.

Graud

Malwa,

chests.

Patua. Benares. Total. chests. chests. chests.

Persian.

chests.

Patna. Benares.

Total.

Total.

chests. chests. chests.

chests.

Stock on 1st January, 1915,

809!

753

354

1,916

121

108

111

340

2,2561/

Imported during the year 1915,

125

45

12

182

852

*399

*440

1,691

1,873

9342

798

366

2,098

973

507

551

2,031

4,129,2

Exported during the year 1913,

607

371

147

1,125

839

†250

†255

1,344

2.469

327

427

219

973

134

257

296

687

1,660/

Boiled by Government Monopoly during the year 1915,

84

256

340

340

Spurious Opium destroyed,

17

...

17

17

Balance on the evening of the 31st De- comber, 1915,

327

427

219

973/

117

173

40

330

1,303

* For Hongkong Government Monopoly and Macao Opium Farmer. † For Macao Opium Farmer and 5 Chests for Singapore.

Table VI.

Places of Destination of Opium Exported during 1915.

Malwa. Patna. Benares. Persian. Turkish. Chinese. Total.

Total

in lbs.

chests.

chests. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests.

By Steamers to China :---

Canton,

243

Hoihow,

36

206

46

4

Kong Moon,

22

Macao,*.

3

4

Shanghai,

92

128

92

220-2

་ྲམསྶ་

Swatow,

239

By Steam-launches, Junks and Railway to various adjacent Ports in China,

24

:

:

:

195

12

72,639

1,758

28

4,480

8

1,199

312

47,436

245

32,747

24

3,192

Total for Chinese Ports,

607

370

147

:

:

*The above figures for Macao represent the exports to Macao for re-export to China,

:

E 11 -

1,124

163,451

Table VI,-Continued.

Place of Destination of Opium Exported during 1915,- Continued.

Malwa. Patna. Benares. Persian. Turkish. Chinese. Total.

Total

in lbs.

chests.

chests. chests. chests.

chests. chests. chests.

By Steamers to Non-Chinese Ports :-

London,

124

124

16,988

Масао,.......

250

250

500

80,000

Singapore,

5

10

1,485

Tansui,

710.

710

97,270

Timor,

1

160

E 12

2,469

359,354

Total for Non-Chinese Ports,..

251

255

839

Total for Chinese Ports,

607

370

147

1,345

1,124

195,903

163,451

Grand Total,

Through cargo reported but not

landed,...

607

621

402

839

140

358

...

:

:

498

E 13

Table VII.

Imports and Exports of Sugar.

Return of Sugar imported into the Colony of Hongkong by vessels of different nationalities during the years 1914 and 1915:-

1914.

1915.

Tons.

Tons,

American Steamers,...................

293

Austrian

20

""

British

??

35,332

120,983

Chinese

315

1,018

""

Dutch

82,112

136,033

French

377

4,527

""

German

4,022

"

Japanese

5,744

34,967

37

Norwegian

10,593

6,275

99

Portuguese

206

3,290

Russian

394

""

Swedish

53

12

""

By Junks

6

""

Total,

139,073

307,499

1914.

1915.

Increase.

Tons.

Tons.

Tons.

Imported,

139,073

307,499

168,426

Table VIII.

Return of Sugar imported into the Colony of Hongkong during the years 1914 and 1915 showing place of origin:-

1914.

1915.

Tons.

Tons.

From China,

7,474

23,780

Cochin China, Java,

207

4,621

120,726

221,172

London,

14

3

Mauritius,

2,033

235

""

New Territories,

6

Philippine Islands,

8,613

57,688

Total,..

139,073

307,499

Two hundred and eighty-nine (289) Certificates of Origin for Ex- portation of Sugar were issued from this Office during the year 1915.

Fifteen (15) Permits for delivery of Sugar which arrived in the Colony without Certificate of Origin were issued from this Office during the year 1915.

Table IX.

Amount of Opium Confiscated.

Raw Opium. Prepared Opium. Dross Opium. Opium Dross.

Month.

Number

of

Seizures.

Number

of

Convictions.

January,

February,

March,

April,

May,

11

10

9

6

Taels.

7,524

72

Taels.

Taels.

55

238.4

....

18

14

126

15

9

31,680

13

10

47,931

952.6

2,624.1

891.5

co

June,

28

25

41,117

1,196'5

July,

19

15

3,408

9,250

August,

19

11

6,684

31

September,

27

18

5,925

866.6

October,

19

10

7,416

190

November,

24

16

45,880

659.7

December,

28

19

7,915

2,243.7

Total,

Taels.

22.6

21.8

18

18.5

38

30

4.4

100

3

38.3

230

163

205,678

19,499.1

3

294.6

Total for 1914,

172

137

34,233.7

9,690.14

33.6

309.19

E 14 -

Appendix F.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE ROYAL OBSERVATORY, HONGKONG, FOR THE YEAR 1915.

I-GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS.

The grounds were kept in order by the Botanical and Forestry Department with the assistance of the two Observatory coolies.

The growth of the blue grass (ophiopogon) planted in the spring of 1914, has been very slow. It has not spread sufficiently to prevent erosion.

The concrete on the paths in front of the main building was renewed in the month of February.

The other paths were considerably damaged by heavy rain in the summer months.

II. METEOROLOGICAL INSTRUMENTS.

Kew Barograph.-In the month of April the accumulator battery was made to operate the relay of the electric time-scaling apparatus, as it was found that the battery of dry cells formerly in use was unsuitable for the work.

Beckley Anemograph.-Since the introduction of the accumulator battery for operating the time-scaling apparatus in April, this instrument has worked continuously well. It is cleaned and oiled once a month.

Dines-Baxendell Anemograph.—This instrument has also work- ed well since the introduction of the accumulator battery for operating the time-scaling apparatus. The spindle of the float is cleaned once a week and the head oiled once a month.

The monthly results of comparisons with the records of the Beckley Anemograph since the installation of the Dines instrument, in April 1910, are given below:-

Factor (Dines → Beckley).

Month.

1910.

1911. 1912. 1913.

1914. 1915.

January, February, March,.....

233

2.30 212

2754

2.03

4

2.34

April,

May, June,

2.23

2.23

2.32 2.30 2:35 2.25 2.33 2*27 2033 2*25 2.34 2.10 2.44

2:30 2°40

2:06

2'04

2:26

2.25

2'05

2'22

2.13

2.23

2:09 2.13

2'22

July,

2'14

2.2I

2'57

2.28 2:26

2.05

August,

2'07

2.25 2.65

2.39

2.18

2:07

September,

2.18

2.31

2'49

2.81

2*22

2.19

October,

2:30 2.27

2.51 2.69

2:08

2.23

November,

2:28

2.27 2'47

2'71

2:08

2.08

December,

2.23

2.31

2*24

2'54

2'07

2:07

Year,

2.25

2:29

2'4.1

2:39

2*22

2.1 I

F 2

Kew Thermograph.-This instrument, which was set up in the new thermometer shed in January 1914, was dismounted in the month of April. The clock stopped frequently, and on examination was found to be badly rusted. It is not designed for an open ex- posure. It is proposed to substitute a Richard hygrograph.

Thermometers. -All thermometers in use were compared with the Kew Standard in winter and summer.

The following table shows the results of comparisons between the Kew standard purchased in 1884 and a Griffin Standard of Jena Normal Glass purchased in 1914. When compared with the National Physical Laboratory Standard, in April 1914, this ther- mometer required a correction of 0°09F, which has been duly applied :-

Date.

1914 July 2,

1915 January 19,

1915 September 29,...

Kew Standard 647

Griffin 29996 {corrected).

K-G

C

ū

81.82

81.72

+0*10

60.00

59.86

+0*14

90'00

89'93

+0.07

The results indicate that the Kew Standard No. 647 reads 0°10 too high; a very small change in thirty years.

III. METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS AT THE OBSERVATORY.

Continuous photographic records showing the variations of barometric pressure and temperature, dry and wet bulb*, were obtained with Kew pattern instruments, and automatic records of the direction and velocity of the wind with a Beckley and a Dines- Baxendell anemograph, modified as described in the Report of 1912. The amount of rain is recorded automatically by a Beckley and a Nakamura pluviograph, the amount of sunshine by a Campbell- Stokes universal sunshine recorder, and the relative humidity of the air by a small Richard hair hygrograph.

Eye observations of barometric pressure, temperature of the air and of evaporation were made at each hour of Hongkong Standard time. (Until the end of the year 1912 they were made at each hour of Hongkong Local time.) The character and direction of motion of the clouds were observed every three hours. Daily readings were taken of self-registering maximum and minimum thermometers.

Principal Features of the Weather in 1915. The principal features of the weather in 1915 were the absence of typhoons till the autumn, high temperature, low wind velocity, and large variations of pressure above and below normal. The seasonal distribution of rainfall was somewhat abnormal, being moderately in defect in April, June, August and September, and considerably in excess in October.

* Until April.

F 3

Barometric pressure was considerably above normal in January, March and June, and considerably below normal in February, August and October. The mean pressure for the year was 29ins 836 as against 29ins. 845 in 1914 and also 29in 845 for the past 32 years. The highest pressure was 30ins375 on January 17 against 30367 in 1914 and 30509 for the past 32 years. The lowest pressure was 29in.354 on July 28, as against 29ins 256 in 1914, and 28ins. 735 for the past 32 years.

It is interesting to note that the lowest pressure for the year (and simultaneously the highest temperature) occurred when the centre of a violent typhoon was about 700 miles to the north-north- east of Hongkong. The wind at the time was light and variable.

The mean temperature for the year was 73°4 or the same as in 1914, and 17 above normal. It was above normal in each month except in May, when it was 1°3 below. The highest temperature was 93°4 on July 28, as against 94°0 in 1914 and 97°0 for the past 32

years. The lowest temperature was 417 on January 16, as against 47° 4 in 1915 and 32°0 for the past 32 years.

According to the records of the Beckley anemograph the wind was again below normal in each month of the year. The mean velocity was 114 m.p.h. as against 116 m.p.h. in 1914 and 12-8 m.p.h. for the past 32 years. The greatest velocity for one hour was 56 miles at 4 p.m. on November 5, as against 42 miles in 1914 and 108 miles for the past 32 years. The maximum squall velocity, as recorded by the Dines-Baxendell anemograph, was at the rate of 69 miles per hour on November 5, as against 55 m.p.h. in 1914, and 105 m.p.h. for the past 5 years.

In connection with the continued defect in the wind velocity, as recorded by the Beckley anemograph, the following extract from the annual Report of the Director of the Royal Alfred Observatory, Mauritius, for 1914, is of considerable interest :—

<<

There is now reason to believe that the low velocities during the years 1901-1911 are almost entirely climatic and due probably to a periodic oscillation in this element."

In support of this statement the Director publishes a table giving the mean monthly velocity of the wind for each lustrum since 1876.

The mean annual values are as follows:-

1876-80

12.39 m.p.h.

1881-85

10.90

1886-90

10:43

1895-1900 1901- 05 1906- 10

10.93 m.p.h. 10:00

་་

9.72

"

11

1891-95

10.82

1910- 14

10.87

**

The mean for the whole period, 1876-1910, is 11'09 m.p.h., so that the total defect of wind from 1901-1910 was 107,807 miles.

- F 4

At Hongkong there has been a similar defect of wind velocity, which has hitherto been attributed to instrumental rather than climatic causes.

The results may be grouped into the following periods :-

1884-1887, mean annual velocity 13'9 m.p.h.

1888-1893

13.1

""

""

1894-1897

13.6

"2

1898-1900

12.8

"

">

1901-1905

12:4

""

1906-1911

12.7

"

11.6

1912-1915

From which it will be seen that the wind velocity has decreased more or less steadily from 1885'5 to 1913 5, with partial recoveries at 1895 5 and 1908 5.

If the results be grouped from 1884-1900 and from 1901 to 1915, it will be found that the mean velocity for the former period was 13.33 m.p.h, and for the latter period, 12:29 m.p.h., indicating a defect of 136,731 miles of wind, which is far greater than the secular variations in any other element, and must, at least in part, be attributed to instrumental causes. There will probably be a partial recovery from the very low values of 1913-1915, however.

Rainfall at Four Stations.—In the following table the monthly rainfall at the Observatory is compared with the fall at the Police Station, Taipo; the Botanical Gardens; and the Matilda Hospital, Mount Kellet :--

Months.

Observatory Police Station

(Kowloon). (Taipo).

Botanical Matilda

Gardens Hospital (Hongkong). (Hongkong).

inches.

inches.

inches.

inches.

January,

0*345

0°50

0'54

0'54

February,

0*505

0'90

0'51

ΟΙΟ

March,

2.640

3°24

3773

2:43

April,

I*795

2.84

2'71

2'45

May,

12'760

18.67

12'17

10'58

June,

11.960

9'92

12.61

11963

July,

15'410

24.80

16.13

1131

August,

10'520

10'45

9'35

7.18

September,....

5'715

2*77

6.28

7'60

October,

11710

6་༠༣

12.97

10.80

November,

1.890

3-82

2'51

2.80

December,

0'775

1*31

o'98

158

Year,...

76.025

85.25

80'49

69.00

2

F 5

Floods. The heaviest rainfall occurred as follows:-

Period.

Amount.

Interval.

Inches.

Hours.

May

12. 7h. a.m. to 14a. 8h a.m.

5'02

49

June 10 3

י

"

14 9 p.m.

7.70

114

73 a.m.

9:46

122

17 5

4:17

31

19

28 11

5'40

31

爷爷

9:41

54

July 2 1

July 15 10 p.m. August 27 4 a.m. October 17 6

39

19 Noon

Typhoons. Six typhoons approached within 300 miles of Hongkong during the year, but no destructive winds were ex- perienced. A squall at the rate of 69 m.p.h., however, was recorded during the passage of the typhoon of November 5, at 4.40 p.m. The mean hourly velocity at this time was 56 miles from E by S; the maximum for the year. On June 29 a typhoon entered the coast about 70 miles to the east of Hongkong, having given but little warning of its approach. Fortunately it was of feeble intensity.

The tracks of 14 typhoons and 12 of the more important depressions which occurred in the year 1915 are shown in two plates in the Monthly Meteorological Bulletin for December, 1915.

IV. WEATHER FORECASTS AND STORM WARNINGS.

Daily Weather Report and Map.-A weather map of the Far East and the Daily Weather Report, containing meteorological observations, usually at 6 a.m. and-2 p.m., from about 40 stations in China, Indo-China, Japan and the Philippines, and a daily weather forecast for Hongkong and district, the Formosa Channel, the south coast of China between Hongkong and Hainan, and the south coast of China between Hongkong and Lamocks, were issued as in former years. Copies of the map were exhibited on notice boards at the Hongkong Ferry Pier, the Blake Pier, and the Harbour Office. One copy was sent daily to the Director of the Meteorological Observatory, Macao. The maps were reproduced from the original by the Roneo Litho duplicator. Forty copies of the Daily Weather Report were distributed to various offices, etc., in the Colony, and a copy was sent daily to the Director of the Meteorological Observatory, Macao. Copies were sent every week to Lieutenant-Commander Pradiyat, Royal Siamese Navy.

The Monthly Meteorological Bulletin, which includes the Daily Weather Report, was distributed to the principal observatories und

scientific institutions of the world.

Beginning with 1914 January 1, a charge of $10 a year has been made for supplying firms and private individuals with the Daily Weather Report. This has had the desired effect of reducing the distribution list and so accelerating delivery.

Daily Weather Telegrams.-Daily Weather Telegrams from East Coast Ports, Indo-China, the Philippines, and the Japanese Empire have been received with commendable regularity throughout the year. The service from Wladivostock was interrupted from July 20 to the end of the year.

F 6

There was no improvement in the services from Hoihow and Pakhoi, nor from the central China stations until the month of December, when telegrams from Hankow, Ichang, Kuikiang, Chang- sha and Chung King arrived with fair regularity, from 12 to 36 hours late, however.

Telegraphic communication between the Observatory and Gap Rock, an extremely important station, was interrupted during the typhoon of October 30 and had not been restored by the end of the year.

The new 6-letter code for daily weather telegrams was brought into use on February 15, by the Observatories in Formosa, Indo- China, Macao, the Philippines, and Zikawei; and a simplified form of the code, obviating conversions and reductions, by the observers at Amoy, Labuan, Sharp Peak and Weihaiwei. Formerly the only elements received from Labuan were barometric pressure and temperature, but at the request of the Acting Director of the Observatory, the Government Medical Officer of Labuan has kindly forwarded in addition the wind direction and force, humidity, and weather from the beginning of July. The Japanese Weather Bureau has not yet adopted the new code.

Extra Weather Telegrams. The following stations send extra weather telegrams at half-rates, during typhoons, on receipt of certain code words from Hongkong:-Amoy, Canton, Macao, Phulien, Sharp Peak, and Taihoku. The Director of the Philippines Weather Bureau also sends extra telegrams at his discretion, from Aparri, or some other station nearer the typhoon centre.

From May to October the 9 p.m. observations at Swatow, in addition to the 6 a.m. and 3 p m., were forwarded to the Observatory by the Customs authorities, as in previous years.

A wireless telegraphy station at Cape d'Aguilar was opened on July 15, and since that date Meteorological Observations have been received by wireless telegraphy from ships as follows :-

Month.

American. British. French. Japanese.

Dutch.

September,

October,

November,

December,

о

2

IO

5

7

о

I 2

14

16

I 2

21

2

9

16

In return for these observations ships within range of Cape d'Aguilar station receive weather forecasts daily at 1 p.m., and also any storm warnings that may be issued by the Observatory.

F 7

-

The following notice was sent to all vessels calling at Hongkong with wireless telegraphy installations. It has been in abeyance, however, since the beginning of December, for military reasons:-

No. 392.

COLONIAL SECRETARY'S DEPARTMENT.

Notice to Shipmasters.

1. Masters of vessels possessing radio-telegraphic installations are earnestly requested to co-operate in the forecasting and storm- warning work of the Royal Observatory, by communicating meteo- rological observations made on board, to the station at Cape d'Aguilar with all possible speed. The data particularly requested are:- The ship's name, position, and the time of observation. The reading of the barometer

The reading of the attached thermometer (if the barometer

is of the mercurial type).

Wind direction and force (Beaufort scale).

State of weather (Beaufort notation).

During the period May 1st to October 31st, observations made at 6 a.m. and 2 p.m. are desired; from November 1st to April 30th the 6 a.m. observations alone. At any time of the year, when there is reason to believe that the ship is in the vicinity of a storm-centre, the prompt communication of meteorological observations at hourly intervals would be invaluable.

2. These communications should be sent as Master Service messages; no charge will be made by the d'Aguilar station, and none should be registered upon the ship. In return for the in- formation supplied, the d'Aguilar station will, at 1 p.m., communicate to all ships within range of its installation, the summary of weather conditions and forecast issued by the Royal Observatory daily. Should subsequent information warrant any modification of the summary or forecast, such modification will be communicated by the Director of the Royal Observatory to Cape d'Aguilar, and, if of sufficient importance, it will be transmitted to the ether for the benefit of all shipping within range.

3. Particulars of the position and direction of progression of typhoons, and any meteorological information likely to be of use to shipping generally, will also be furnished to the Cape d'Aguilar station, and communicated to any vessel upon request.

4. It should be understood that all information supplied by the Royal Observatory is the best that can be given with the information at the disposal of the Director, and that the accuracy of such in- formation will inevitably increase with the number of ships regularly telegraphing observations.

5. In order that a comparison between the ship's barometer and the Observatory standard may be made, it is particularly important that a few readings of the ship's barometer be taken in Hongkong harbour, and forwarded to the Observatory whenever possible. Franked envelopes for the free transmission of this, or any other meteorological communication, may be obtained on application to the Royal Observatory.

27th August, 1915.

A. M. THOMSON,

Colonial Secretary.

F 8

The service promises to be a success, and when taken up by all equipped vessels as a routine duty, will be of very considerable utility in connection with daily weather forecasts as well as storm warnings.

The principal difficulties at present are the uncertainty as to what, if any, corrections have been applied to the barometer readings, and the use of aneroid barometers with shifting zeros. Endeavours are being made to remedy the first difficulty, but the second can never be remedied while the use of aneroid barometers is permitted,

Results of Weather Forecasts. The results of the comparison of the daily weather forecasts with the weather subsequently ex- perienced are given below, with the results of the previous five years:

Year.

Complete Partial

Partial

Total

Success. Success.

Failure.

Failure.

%

ale

%

%

%

1910.

58

32

9

I

1911

55

32

I I

2

1912......

62

34

3

I

1913..

66

28

3

3

1914

62

32

5

I

1915

54

37

8

I

Storm Warnings.-Storm warnings according to the "China Coast" code, and the local code, were displayed when necessary. Others according to the Hongkong telegraphic code were sent to the following ports: Amoy, Swatow, Sharp Peak, Macao, Canton, Pakhoi, Hoihow, Phulien, Manila, Labuan, and Singapore. For the benefit of vessels taking shelter in Kowloon Bay and to the west of Stonecutters Island, the local warnings are repeated at Lyemun by the military authorities and at Lai-Chi-Kok by the Standard Oil Company.

F 9

In the following table are given the number of hours the local signals were hoisted in each of the years 1911-15:-

Red Signals.

Black Signals

Bombs.

Year.

Number of hours.

Number of times fired.

1911

73

377

2

1912

151

164

1913

146

189

I

1914

146

178

1915

64

120

The red signals indicate that the centre of the typhoon is believed to be more than 300 miles distant and the black less than 300 miles. Three bombs fired at intervals of 10 seconds indicate that winds of typhoon force are anticipated.

The figures in the above table include the number of hours that night signals, corresponding to the red and black day signals, were hoisted,

V.-METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS FROM SHIPS, TREATY PORTS, &c.

Logs received. In addition to meteorological registers kept at about 40 stations in China, meteorological logs were received from 163 ships operating in the Far East. These logs, representing 9,254 days' observations, have been utilised for determining typhoon tracks and for those squares of the proposed Pilot Charts for which in- formation is lacking. The corresponding figures for the year 1914 were 308 and 17,011.

Comparison of Barometers.-During the year more than 1,500 comparisons of ships' barometers have been made by means of observations taken when in harbour, and several direct comparisons of barometers for shipmasters and various persons in the Colony.

One ship's barometer, whose index had remained unchanged when near the centre of a typhoon in the China Sea, was tested at the Observatory and found to be so clogged that even when the pressure was reduced to 28 inches the index showed no movement. After cleaning, the behaviour of the instrument was better than the average.

——

F' 10

VI. MAGNETIC OBSERVATIONS.

Absolute determinations of magnetic horizontal force, dip, and declination were made near the middle of each month with instru- ments of the Kew pattern. In the determinations of horizontal force two sets of deflection observations were made, one before and one after the vibration observations. Four dip needles were used in rotation, two on one day of each month.

The alterations to the Kew Magnetometer No. 83, which was sent to England in February 1914, were completed early in the year. The instrument was then compared with the Kew Standard by the Kew observer in February and by the Director of the Hongkong Observatory in June and July, when on leave of absence.

The results of the comparisons are given below:----

Date.

February,

l

June 24" 11h

24 12

24 15

July 1 11 1 12

1 15

Kew - 83.

+ 28y

+ 28

+ 29

+ 32

+ 72

+ 28

+ 31

+ 33

Rejecting the result at 15" on June 24, which appears to be wrong, we have 3ly as the correction obtained by Mr. Claxton, and 287 by the Kew Observer. The mean of the 7 accepted values is 30y, which may be considered as the correction to apply to reduce to the Kew Standard in 1915.

The mean values of the Magnetic elements for the years 1914 and 1915 were as follows :-

1915.

1914.

Declination (west),

0° 8' 31"

Dip (north),

30 53 28

0° 11′ 40′′ 30 52 10

Horizontal Force (C.G.S. unit), Vertical Force (C.G.S. unit), Total Force (C.G.S. unit), ..

0.37192

0.37167

0.22351

0.22217

0·43340

0'43293

In the month of February Mr. F. Brown, of the Carnegie Institute, Magnetic Section, in co-operation with Messrs. Claxton, Jeffries, and Evans. made a series of comparisons between the magnetic instruments of this Observatory and a set of C. I. instru- ments, before setting out on a magnetic survey of North China. The results of the comparisons have not yet been received.

VII. TIME SERVICE.

Time Ball. The Time Ball on Blackhead's Hill is dropped daily at 13" Hongkong Standard Time (51 a.m. of Greenwich Time). The ball is also dropped at any other hour in case of necessity. One application for a supplementary time signal was made in the year 1915; on February 8. The ball was dropped successfully 365 times. There were no failures.

Į

!

F 11

The ball was not raised on November 5, owing to strong wind. It fell with an error of 03 or less on 300 occasions, with an error of 0*4 or 05 on 37 occasions, and 0°6 or 0*7 on 14 occasions, Errors of 08 occurred four times, of 0°9 once, of 10 four times, and 11, 12, 13, 18, and 23 once each. The probable error varied from 010 in October, to 0'43 in February.

Portions of the framework and cover of the ball were repaired in the month of May.

Transit Instrument.—Observations for time were made daily with the 3-inch transit instrument and the Hipp tape chronograph by the Chinese computers, weather permitting.

The number of observations in the years 1914 and 1915 were as follows:-

Transits,

Level determinations,

Azimuth determinations,

Collimation determinations,

1914.

1915.

1,803

1,817

893

854

47

32

43

30

Transits of the sun were only observed when star transits were not available from the previous night.

The azimuth and collimation determinations were made by the Chief or First Assistant. The azimuth determinations depend usually on observations of the north and south marks.

The ruled glass scale, which was substituted for the spider threads in the transit instrument on 1914 August 18, was replaced by a new glass with deeper lines in April 29. The lines on the original glass were too fine, and invisible in certain lights.

Clocks. On March 29, the Standard sidereal clock, Dent No. 39,741, was cleaned and fitted with an invar pendulum, and hardened lead bob. The pendulum was regulated to a losing rate of 02 a day, but the rate increased to 12. It was again regulated on June 1 and 3, after which its rate varied from +030 on June 9 to +008 on June 30. It then remained remarkably steady till July 26. From this date its rate commenced to decrease, reaching-104 on October 12, when it was again regulated. After a very steady period the rate increased from +0*02 on November 11 to +036 on November 19. It has fluctuated between +033 and -0°08 since.

At present there is not sufficient data available for determining the temperature, pressure, and humidity co-efficients. When ex- amined at the National Physical Laboratory, London, the mean co-efficient of linear dilatation of the pendulum rod was found to be

00000017 between the temperatures 32° and 86° Fahrenheit.

It is suspected that the electric sidereal clock on the same pillar, which was re-started on November 17, has affected the rate of the sidereal standard. If an appreciable effect is found new pillars will have to be provided for the electric sidereal clock, and also for the Brock mean time clock which is on the same pillar as the Dent mean time clock.

In the following table is given the excess of the observed over the calculated rate after cloudy periods in the year 1915 :--

Excess of observed over calculated errors of Dent No. 39741, after cloudy periods in the year 1915.

Date 1915.

Interval

without

observations.

Excess of

observed over calculated error.

Date 1915.

Interval

without

observatious.

Excess of observed over calculated error.

d.

$.

d.

S.

January

5

2

+0'12

May

19

2

16

>>

3

-0°40

,,

23

Z

0'00

-O'12

February

6

+0.62

33

27

2

-0°25

10

6

>>

+0·99

June

6

2

-0°04

18

"}

+0.56

"}

14

5

+053

March

3

2

-0°07

July

4

2

+0.66

10

"}

18

"}

April

0 x 60

2,

+0.56

August

3

2

+0.48

6

-044

September 19

2

-0°03

8

K

-2'37

November 2

3

+0°05

20

""

3

في

-0°40

6

"

4

+011

28

6

>>

+o'n

14

ام

-0°03

May

2

-0°27

"9

19

2

-0°25

10

"7

3

-0°40

22

2

لم

}}

14

3

+0.52

December 12

2

+0°27

* After mounting new pendulum.

- F 12 —

F 13

The Dent mean time clock, No. 39740, which was sent to Messrs. E. Dent & Co., London, in June, 1914, to be fitted with an invar pendulum, with hardened lead bob, and electric contacts for emitting 2-second signals, was received back on February 16, and set up the following day. The clock has not yet settled down to a steady rate, and no pressure or humidity co-efficients can be deter- mined from the rates obtained up to the present. It would appear, however, that an increase of 1° F. of temperature increases the daily gaining rate by 0039. When examined at the National Physical Laboratory, London, the mean co-efficient of linear dilatation of the pendulum rod was found to be nil between the temperatures 32° and 86° Fahrenheit.

The Brock clock has been used for dropping the time ball throughout the year and for driving dials in various parts of the building. It has worked without failure, and the electric contacts have required no adjustment. The rate has been erratic at times, however, in spite of the invar pendulum fitted in 1914. The clock is corrected daily by the electric regulating apparatus, and its daily rate is usually kept within 05 by the addition or removal of weights from the pendulum.

The rate of chronometer Kullberg No. 8546 has improved somewhat, but has not settled down to the excellent rate reported in 1913.

The only failures with the electric impulse dials have been those due to exhausted primary batteries. The motive power is now derived from the accumulator and no further trouble is anticipated.

The pallet of the electric standard clock was jewelled, the bearings of the gravity roller improved, and the effective weight of the gravity arm reduced, free of charge, by Messrs. Gent & Co., and fresh experiments are being made to determine the best working values of impulse, arc, and friction, under the new conditions.

Accumulators.-The installation of an accumulator battery of ten three-plate Tudor cells of 27 ampère-hour capacity and 9 ampères maximum discharge, which was commenced by the Public Works Department in the month of November, 1913, was delayed on account of the illness of the Government Electrician, and ultimately placed in the hands of the China and Japan Telephone Company. The cells were remounted and a Nodon valve, consisting of four iron jars with aluminium electrodes, substituted for the valve originally supplied, which was found to be unsatisfactory. The new valve also gave considerable trouble owing to the inferior quality of the ammonium phosphate, and possibly to other causes.

The valve was cleaned on November 25, and a new solution of ammonium phosphate, recently received from England, substituted for the old solution in which was found a very heavy deposit. The valve has since worked well, but considerable crystalization takes place, and a fan is necessary to prevent undue heating.

F 14

A duplicate valve, consisting of four glass jars with lead elec- trodes, in place of iron jars (which served also as electrodes), was constructed by Messrs. Jeffries and Evans in the month of July. With the new ammonium phosphate this valve has worked well, so far. Either valve may be brought into use by means of a four pole two-way switch fitted on a subsidiary charging board which is used for charging an electric hand lamp through a shunt across the main D.C. charging circuit. The necessary reduction of current is obtain- ed by placing three electric light bulbs in the shunt circuit.

Time Signals by Wireless Telegraphy.-After consultation with the Astronomer Royal the following apparatus was ordered for receiving time signals by wireless telegraphy :-

1 tuner (Admiralty pattern)

I crystal detector and rheostat (Sullivan pattern)

2 highest grade telephone receivers (Sullivan pattern) of

2,000 ohms resistance.

The choice of a relay, or amplifier, has been left open until the results of experiments with two new types, recently placed on the market, are made known.

It is anticipated that masts 100 feet high will be required for the aerial in order to obtain time signals from Shanghai; but masts 75 feet high will probably suffice to receive time signals from the Phulien and Manila Observatories.

Apparatus for distributing time signals has recently been ordered from Messrs. L. Leroy & Cie, Paris.

VIII. MISCELLANEOUS.

Staff-Miss A. Doberck, Assistant Meteorologist, resigned on February 22, on account of ill health. The post has been abolished and a 3rd Grade Clerical Assistant substituted. To this office Badan Singh was appointed on March 15, on one year's probation. During the absence on leave of the Director, from February 25 to November 16, Mr. C. W. Jeffries, the Chief Assistant, acted as Director and Mr. B. D. Evans, the First Assistant, acted as Chief Assistant.

The European Staff acted as cable censors as follows :-

Director, 4 hours daily from January 1 to February 22. Chief Assistant, 4 hours daily from January 1 to May 31,

and October 28 to December 31.

>>

2 hours daily from June 1 to July 31.

First Assistant, 4 hours daily from January 1 to May 31,

and August 1 to December 31.

2 hours daily from June 1 to July 31.

F 15

Expenditure. The annual expenditure on the Observatory for the past ten years is as follows:-

Year.

Total Expenditure.

Increase.

Decrease.

C.

C.

c.

1906

19,995.17

1,225.23

1907

20,110.53

115.36

1908

21,110.61

1,000.08

1909

22,388.63

1,278.02

1910

21.787.55

601.08

1911

23,353.02

1,565.47

1912

22,595.08

757.94

1913

24,255.49

1,660.41

1914

25,398.31

1,142.82

1915

23,233.12

2,165.19

Acknowledgments.--Acknowledgments are here made to the Directors of Weather Services in the Far East, and the Chinese Maritime Customs authorities for daily observations and extra observations during typhoon weather; to the Telegraph Companies, for transmitting the observations free of charge; to the commanders of vessels who have furnished meteorological observations, and to the Observatory staff for the manner in which they have carried out their respective duties, particularly to Mr. C. W. Jeffries for the efficient manner in which he directed the work of the Observatory during my absence on leave. I have again to thank Captain W. L. Carter, R.E., for assistance in the maintenance of the electrical apparatus of the Time Service.

1916, February 7.

T. F. CLAXTON,

Director.

Appendix G.

REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR OF THE SUPREME COURT

FOR THE YEAR 1915.

1.-ORIGINAL JURISDICTION.

Two hundred and thirty one (231) actions were instituted in this Division of the Court during the year 1915, and there were 785 pending at the commencement of that year, as against 342 and 655 respectively in 1914. 140 were disposed of during the year, 45 being settled or withdrawn before trial, leaving a balance of 831 undisposed of, as against 212, 57 and 785 respectively in 1914.

One injunction was granted during the year.

The amounts involved were $1,128,712, £987.48.4d. and $673 U.S. Currency against $2,149,905 and £5,189.11s.31d. in 1914.

The debts and damages recovered amounted to $427,589 as against $1,437,417 and £4,519.18.5 d. in 1914.

The fees collected amounted to $12,502.15 as against $19,485.90 in 1914.

Tables setting out in detail the figures contained in this and the following paragraphs are printed at pages (O 2), (0 3), (0 4), (Y 3) and (Y 4) of the Blue Book for the year 1915.

14.-IN PRIZE,

Seventeen (17) actions were instituted under the above head. They are in connection with cargo consigned to alien enemy firms on board the following vessels :

66

Antilochus

Stentor

66

,

"Yuen Sang", "Loong Sang", "Yuen Sang", "Loong Sang", Gleniffer

Demodocus

Nam Sang", "Muttra", "Kut Sang", "Pyrrhus ", " Kamo Maru", "Glaucus", "Polynesien ", "Peleus", and "Novara ".

During the year two ships were condemned, viz., "Paklat" and "Senegambia".

2.-SUMMARY JURISDICTION.

One thousand six hundred and one (1,601) actions were insti- tuted during the year, and 896 were brought forward from 1914, as against 2,380 and 412 respectively in 1914. The cases were disposed of as follows:-Settled or withdrawn 628, Judgment for the Plaintiff 555, Judgment for the Defendant 38, Non suited 12. Struck out, Dismissed and lapsed Writs (not served) 30, leaving 338 pending, as against 1,006, 806, 49, 7, 48 and 896 respectively in 1914.

G 2

The amounts involved were $290,080.95 and £25.168.6d. and the debts and damages recovered amounted to $107,090.38 as against $456,021.28, £124.188.7d., $179,193.17 and £28.10s.0d. respectively in 1914.

The fees collected amounted to $6,339.65 as against $9,474 in 1914.

The number of Distress Warrants for rent issued was 556 representing aggregate unpaid rents amounting to $94,172.07, of which the aggregate sum of $13,593.36 was recovered, as against 702, $89,342.32 and $37,869.42 respectively in 1914.

Two hundred and ninety-five (295) Warrants were withdrawn on settlement between the parties as against 397 in 1914.

The fees collected amounted to $3,263.00 as against $4,443.25 in 1914.

3.-CRIMINAL JURISDICTION.

There were 59 cases and 104 persons committed for trial at the Criminal Sessions, as against 31 and 50 respectively in 1914.

The number of persons actually indicted was 100 of whom 70 were convicted and 30 were acquitted. Against 4 persons the cases were abandoned. In 1914 the figures were respectively 49, 70 and 14.

4.-APPELLATE JURISDICTION.

There were 4 appeals instituted during the year, viz. :-

From the decision of the Chief Justice,... 2 as against 4 in 1914.

"

""

>>

""

Puisne Judge,... 2 Magistrate,... 0

1

""

1

""

""

Total 1915,

4

1914 6

of which the following were disposed of, viz. :---

From the decision of the Chief Justice,... O as against 3 in 1914.

""

""

29

""

Puisne Judge,... 1 Magistrate,..... 0

1

I

"

وو

Total,

1

100

5

No leave to appeal to the Privy Council was granted during the year.

G 3

5.-ADMIRALTY JURISDICTION,

There were 5 actions instituted and no action was tried during the year.

All the actions are pending. Two vessels were arrested and were subsequently released.

The fees collected amounted to $1,075.20 as against $324.65 in 1914.

6.-BANKRUPTCY JURISDICTION.

There were 31 petitions filed, 18 being creditors' petitions and 13 being debtors' petitions. The figures for 1914 were respectively 74, 49 and 25.

The number of Receiving Orders made was 22 being 11 ou creditors' petitions and 11 on debtors' petitions. The figures for 1914 were respectively 57, 35 and 22.

The number of Public Examinations held was 12 as against 16 in 1914.

There were 15 Adjudications and 1 Scheme of Arrangement. The figures in 1914 were 38 Adjudications and 5 Schemes of Arrangement. 1 case was held over, I withdrawn, 6 dismissed and 4 proceedings annulled.

The aggregate amount of estimated assets, in cases where Receiving Orders were made and were not rescinded, was $456,534 and estimated liabilities $946,151 as against $5,644,583 and $8,512,215 respectively in 1914.

The fees collected amounted to $3,760 as against $4,376 in 1914 and the Official Receiver's Commission as Trustee, where no Trustee had been appointed by the Creditors, to $11,795 as against $12,027 in 1914.

7.-PROBATE AND ADMINISTRATION,

There were 218 grants made by the Court, being :-

Probate,

Letters of Administration,

102

116

218

The figures in 1914 were respectively 229, 94 and 135.

The aggregate value of the estates was $5,933,650 as against $3,961,770 in 1914.

Probate Duties amounted to $327,089.00, Court Fees to $11,577.87 and Official Administrator's Commission to $1,041.07. The figures in 1914 were respectively $204,740.18, $9,986.50 and $863.04.

G 4

There were 63 Estates vested in or administered by the Official Administrator during the year, representing an aggregate value of $36,453.72. The figures for 1914 were respectively 48 and $35,361.96.

Eighteen (18) Estates were wound up during the year, repre- senting an aggregate value of $5,367.31 as against 15 in 1914 representing $8,449.09.

8.---OFFICIAL TRUSTS.

The total number of Trust Estates in the hands of the Official Trustee at the end of 1915 was 22, and the aggregate amount of Trust Funds $76,409.71, as against 25 Estates aggregating $83,167.13 in 1914 and certain house property. Three Estates were wound up during the year.

The amount of commission collected was $178.29 as against $182.17 in 1914.

9.-REGISTRAR OF COMPANIES.

The total number of Companies registered from the commence- ment of the Companies Ordinance, 1865, was 893.

Of the 893 Companies which have been on the Register 37 are in course of being wound up, 404 (exclusive of those in course of being wound up) were in existence at the end of 1915 and 452 have been struck off the Register.

The figures in 1914 were 846, 38, 418 and 390.

There were 47 Companies registered in 1915 as compared with 46 in 1914, the revenue from which was :--

Registration fees,

$7,260.00 as against $5,617.00 in 1914. Filing and other fees,... 5,094.30

Total,......$12,354.30

17

4,220.10

$9,837.10

"}

The number of licences granted under section 35 of the Companies Ordinance, 1911, (No. 58 of 1911), enabling Companies operating outside the Colony to keep Local Registers of members was 152 as against 152 in 1914.

The fees collected in respect of such licences amounted to $33,879.05 as against $34,131.16 in 1914.

10. FEES AND COMMISSION.

The total sums collected during the year by way of fees and commission amounted to $63,382.63 as against $73,422.69 in the previous year,

G 5

11.-STAFF.

His Honour Mr. Justice Gompertz, Puisne Judge, proceeded to Canada on leave of absence on 6th April, and returned on 30th August. During his absence Mr. F. A. Hazeland, First Police Magistrate, acted as Puisue Judge.

On the 27th January I returned to this Colony from leave of absence and resumed duty on the 28th.

I acted as Official Receiver in Bankruptcy and Registrar of Trade Marks, in addition to my own duties as Registrar, during the absence on leave of Mr. E. V. Carpmael, the Official Receiver and Registrar of Trade Marks, from 21st August to 20th November inclusive.

On 29th December I proceeded to Shanghai in connection with the Companies Registry in Shanghai and returned on the 19th January, 1916. During my absence Mr. C. A. D. Melbourne acted as Registrar.

Mr. C. A. D. Melbourne, Deputy Registrar and Appraiser, went on leave on the 13th September and returned on the 25th October.

Mr. S. B. B. McElderry, Passed Cadet, was appointed Officer of Class III as from 18th January and drew his salary from this Department from the lapsing salary of the Deputy Registrar and Accountant. He is now on leave in England.

Mr. J. D. Lloyd, Assistant Postmaster General, acted as Deputy Registrar and Accountant during the year.

Mr. Wong Tak-kwong, Clerk and Translator, resigned on the 31st October. Mr. Wong Kwong-tin, Higher Grade Interpreter, acted as Translator in addition to his own duties from the 1st November to the 31st December.

29th February, 1916.

HUGH A. NISBET.

Registrar.

Table showing total number of Cases dealt with in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the Supreme Court.

(From 1906 to 1915).

Expenditure.

Revenue.

Total

Number

Year.

of cases

dealt

with.

Total.

Increase. Decrease.

Total.

Increase.

Decrease.

Percentage of Revenue to Expenditure.

$

A

C.

Ꮹ .

C.

%

1906,

1,039

69,667.23

2,955.51

52,904.11

9,080.58

75.93

1907,

1,031

69,592.75

74.48

56,156.78

3,252.67

80.69

1908,

1,014 87,270.40

17,677.65

46,592.80

9,563.98

53.38

1909,

1,030 : 89,209.17

1,938.77

45,861.55

731.25

51.40

1910,

1,259

91,789.15

2,579.98

65,527.80 19,666.25

71:38

1911,

1,963

86,702.10

5,087.05*48,342.49

17,185.31

55.75

1912,

1,263

88,346.36

1,644.26

*60,544.30 12,201.81

68.53

1913,

898 98,351,02

10,004.66

*63,303.78

2,759.48

64·36

1914,

1,091

107,780.92

9,429.90

*73,422,69

10,118.91

68.12

1915,

832

110,667.68 2,886.76

63,382.63

10,040.06

57.27

G 6-

* Not including amounts paid direct to Treasury for Fees in respect of Licences to keep Local Registers issued by the Registrar of Companies under the Companies Ordinance, 1911.

Appendix H.

REPORT OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURT

FOR THE YEAR 1915.

Mr. Hazeland acted as Puisne Judge from the 6th April to 29th August, 1915.

Mr. Wood acted as First Police Magistrate from 6th April to 15th October, 1915.

Mr. Lindsell acted as 2nd Police Magistrate from 6th April to 15th December, 1915.

Mr. Woodcock went on sick leave from 22nd to 29th May and from 7th to 30th June, 1915, respectively.

Mr. Hazeland went on vacation leave from 30th August to 15th October, 1915.

Mr. Wood went on vacation leave from 16th October to 15th December, 1915.

Mr. Ali Bux went on vacation leave and Mr. Tai Tin-shang acted as 2nd Clerk in addition to his own duties from 9th October to 9th December, 1915.

The number of cases was 12,263 compared with 11,034 in 1914 and the revenue was $75,130.13 as compared with $92,109.34 for 1914.

19th February, 1916.

F. A. HAZELAND,

Police Magistrate.

Table showing total Number of Cases tried in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the

Magistracy for the years 1906 to 1915.

Expenditure.

Revenue.

Year.

Total.

Increase. Decrease. Total.

Increase.

Decrease.

Total

Number

of Cases

tried.

Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

$ C.

C.

c.

$

C.

%

1906,

39,303.16

3,540.30

79,557.64

8,587.62

13,871

49.40

1907,

40,455.52 1,152.36

67,133.26

12,424.38

13,414

60.26

1908,

46,018.18

5,562.66

68,696.43

1,563.17

10,555

66.98

1909,

40,119.69

5,898.49 69,986.42 1,289.99

10,771

57.32

1910,

38,428.03

1,691.66

1911,

43,298.26 4,870.23

1912;

41,590.98

75,970.76 5,984.34 52,464.87 1,707.28 99,253.10 46,788.23

11,688

50.58

23,505.89

10,471

82.53

13,450

41.90

1913,

42,867.21*

1,276.23

158,451.56 59,198.46

13,954

27.05

1914,

1915,

42,807.15*

44,041.33*

60.06 92,109.34*|

66,342.22

11,034

46.47

1,234.18

75,130.13*

16,979.21

12,263

58.62

* Tai Po District not included.

H 2

Appendix I.

REPORT OF THE LAND OFFICER FOR THE YEAR 1915.

1.

REGISTRATION.

During the year two thousand one hundred and fifty-four (2,154) Deeds and Documents were registered under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1844 affecting three thousand four hundred and seventy-five (3,475) lots of land. The total money consideration on sales, mortgages, surrenders, and miscellaneous documents amounted to $30,250,789 particulars of which are shown in Table I. The total number of documents registered in the Land Office under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1844 up to the end of 1915 was 58,825. The number of Deeds registered each year for the last ten years is shown in Table III.

2. GRANTS OF LAND.

6

The total area of land sold and granted on lease during the year was 285 acres 0 rood 36 poles of which 163 acres 2 roods 9 poles was in respect of lands dealt with by the District Land Offices. The total area resumed was 99 acres ( rood 26 poles being an excess of 186 acres 0 rood 9, poles of land granted over land resumed during the year. This is exclusive of quarries and lands let on short temporary permits by the Public Works Depart- ment. Particulars of the grants are shown on pages W 2 and W 3 of the Blue Book for 1915.

3. GRANTS OF LEASES.

The number of Crown Leases granted during the year was 166 particulars of which are specified in Table II. The number of Crown Leases issued each year for the last ten years is shown in Table III.

4.-FEES.

The total amount of fees collected by stamps, exclusive of the New Territories, during the year amounted to $40,479 being $3,533 less than the previous year. The amount of land registration fees in the New Territories amounted to $2,866.40.

The amounts of fees collected under the different headings for the years 1906 to 1915 are shown in Table IV.

5. CROWN RENT ROLL.

The total Crown Rent due in respect of leased lands in Hong- kong and Kowloon (excluding certain Villages in Hongkong and Kowloon entered in the Village Rent Roll) amounted for the year

I 2

ending 25th December to $425,194 an increase of $7,359 on the previous year. The total amount due in respect of leased lands in the Villages in Hongkong and Kowloon appearing in the Village Rent Roll for the year ending 30th September was $3,585 an in- crease of $28 on the previous year. The total number of lots of Crown Land appearing in the Rent Rolls with the total Rents is shown in Table V.

6. SCAVENGING LANES.

Areas for Scavenging Lanes were in the case of forty-one pro- perties either resumed by the Crown for money payments or dedicated by the Crown Lessees as Scavenging Lanes in considera- tion of their being granted by the Building Authority modifications or exemptions from certain provisions of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903, and the necessary documents were com- pleted and registered.

7.-NOISY AND OFFENSIVE TRADES.

Twenty-one licences were granted to Crown Lessees under the provisions of the Crown Leases to carry on offensive trades on their premises in cases where such licences were recommended by the Sanitary Board.

8.-BUILDING COVENANTS.

In nineteen cases applications were made by Crown Lessees for an extension of time in which to comply with the building covenant in their Crown Leases or grants. The applications were granted on payment of penalties and the agreements completed and registered.

9. MISCELLANEOUS DOCUMENTS.

In addition to the above, a number of various uniscellaneous documents were drawn and completed including agreements to secure Government Contracts, Purchase Deeds on the resumption of properties by the Crown, and Deeds in connection with Naval, War Department and University lands.

10.-STAMP DUTY.

The amount of Stamp Duty paid on registered documents ex- clusive of Probates and Letters of Administration amounted to $77,214. The amount of Stamp Duty on Probates and Letters of Administration registered amounted to $80,763.

11. STAFF.

There have been no changes in the Staff during the year.

G. H. WAKEMAN,

Land Officer.

"

30th March, 1916.

I 3

Table I.

Particulars of Deeds and Documents registered in the Land Office.

No. of Lots

Description of

Documents.

Number. Registered.

or portions of Lots affected.

Total Considera- tion.

C.

Assignments,

651

853

11,241,478.11

Mortgages and Transfers

of Mortgages,

589

858

9,720,505.78

Reassignments and Satis-

factions,

570

947

9,230,218.71

Surrenders,

44

58

26,079,38

Judgments and Orders of

Courts,

53

130

Probates and Letters of

Administration, -

Miscellaneous Documents,

148

89898

245

384

32,508.00

Total,

2,154

3.475

$30,250,789.98

Table II.

Crown Leases granted during the year 1915.

Hongkong.

Hung

Hom.

Kowloon.

New

Kowloon.

New

Territories.

18

61

1 4

48 6 1 2 16 6 1

1 166

| Total.

I +

Table III.

Number of Deeds Registered and Crown Leases issued during ten years from 1906 to 1915.

Year.

Deeds Registered.

Crown Leases Issued.

1906

1,769

49

1907

1,428

64

1908

1,522

73

1909

1,544

44

1910

1.706

180

1911

2,142

99

1912

2,353

57

1913

2,814

118

1914

2,433

66

1915

2,154

166

Table IV.

Fees Collected during the ten years from 1906 to 1915.

Registration Searches and

Grants

Year.

of Deeds.

Copies of

Documents.

of Leases.

Total.

$

C.

$

C.

C.

$

c.

1906.

27,565.00

2.219.30

1,310.00

31,094.30

1907,

21,507.00

2,010.05

1,835.00

25,352.05

1908,

23,178.00

1,920.50

1,970.00

27,068.50

1909,

22.325.00

2,268.75

1,270.00

25.863.75

1910,

27,798.00

2,722.25

5,305.00

35,825.25

1911.

33,871.00

2.827.20

2,925.00

39,623.20

1912.

37,528.00

2,805.75

1,820.00

42,153.75

1913,

45,018.00

3,530.50

3,670.00

52,218.50

1914,

38,362.00

3,200.25

2,450.00

44,012.25

1915,

32,305.00

2,719.00

5,455.00

40,479.00

I 5

Table V.

Crown Rent Roll.

Locality and Description.

No. of Lots.

Total Crown Rent.

$

C.

Victoria Marine Lot,

256

63,498.37

Praya Reclamation Marine Lot,

152

17,534.17

Victoria Inland Lot,

1,717

155,811.06

Quarry Bay Marine Lot, -

2

18,334.00

Inland Lot,

11

3,278.00

Farm Lot,

15

2.417.92

Garden Lot,

Rural Building Lot,

Aberdeen Marine Lot,

Inland Lot,

43

1,095.00

117

10,776.84

5

579.16

62

2,105.88

Aplichow Marine Lot,

20

150.56

Inland Lot,

22

172.64

Shaukiwan Marine Lot,

10

1,928,00

Inland Lot,

145

2,432.40

Stanley Inland Lot,

4

4.00

Kowloon Marine Lot,

57

41,240.13

Inland Lot,

841

50,935.43

Farm Lot,

147.99

Garden Lot,

2

4.00

"

Hung Hom Marine Lot,

"

Inland Lot,

Shek O Inland Lot,

Tai Tam Inland Lot,* Tong Po Inland Lot,

3,716.00

198

6,832.85

5.00

1.00

1

1.00

Quarries,

New Kowloon Marine Lot,

Inland Lot,

Farm Lot,

Rural Building Lot,-

Tai Po Inland Lot, -

Fan Ling Lot,

Sheung Shui Lot,

16

26.441.22

5

7,368.00

3,426.00

1,080.00

38.00

323.00

224.00

1

8.00

Sai Kung Marine Lot,

""

Inland Lot,

Ping Chau Farm Lot,

1

1

500.00

1

Mining Lot,

-

225.00 2,560.00

Total,

3,851 $425,194.62

I 6

Village Rent Roll.

Locality and Description.

No. of Lots.

Total Crown Rent.

$

C.

Wongneichung,

129

225.00

Aberdeen,

24

84.50

Pokfulam,

24

28.25

Tai Hang,

161

641.50

Ah Kung Nam,

27

20.25

Shaukiwan,

58

44.00

Tai Kok Tsui,

10

16.00

Mong Kok,

45

98.50

Hok Un,

95

277.50

Tokwawan,

187

328.00

Mataukok,

Shek Shan,

Sun Shan,

Mati,

Ho Mun Tin,

Ma Tau Chung,

Ma Tau Wei,

31

69.00

18

59.50

31

44.50

5.50

33.00

160.50

-

126

220.50

Kau Pui Shek,

31

112.00

Hau Pui Loong,

15

53.50

Tung Lo Wan,

23.00

Wong Tsuk Hang,

2

34.50

Tai Hang Stream,

18

77.00

Little Hongkong,

6

8.00

Tong Po,

2

3.50

Stanley, -

11

21.00

Tytam, -

Tytam Tuk,

Wong Ma Kok, Chai Wan, Shek 0,-

1

3.50

3

2.50

1

2.00

7

15.00

8

23.00

Hok Tsui,

Chung Hom Bay,

Aplichau,

Tsat Tsz Mui,

Kowloon Tong,

1

1.50

1

3.00

Chinese Joss House, Bowen Road, Victoria,

1

3.00

69

288.00

99.00

47

121.00

Deep Water Bay, Telegraph Bay, Hung Hom West, Little Hongkong,

2

2.00

13

43.50

2

6.00

1,612

284.35

Total,

1,927

$3,585.85

'Appendix J

REPORT ON THE NEW TERRITORIES FOR THE YEAR 1915.

A.-NORTHERN DISTRICT.

1.-STAFF.

Mr. S. B. C. Ross filled his substantive post of District Officer from January 1st to January 19th. Mr. D. W. Tratman then acted till September 7th, and Mr. A. E. Wood acted from September 8th till the end of the year.

II.

MAGISTRACY.

The following table shows the number of cases heard by the District Officer sitting as Police Magistrate :-

1914.

1915.

Cases heard

221

260

Persons brought before the Magistrate Persons convicted and punished

455

420

257

275

Persons bound over

93

30

Persons discharged

-

105

105

Persons committed to Supreme Court

10

Persons imprisoned

-

69

84

Fines inflicted

$2,158

$1,401

Warrants executed

37

41

Civil (Small Debts).

Cases

42

165

Writs of execution

41

51

Summons fees

-

$8

$58

As usual, a large number of Money Loan Association cases came before the Court, but the majority of them are not included in the above Table.

Armed robbers were unpleasantly active this year, and several persons were kidnapped and held for ransom.

III.-LAND OFFICE.

The number of sales of land and other transactions affecting land which took place during the year are set forth in Table A.

The number of deeds registered was 3,202 as against 2,886 in 1914.

One of the most notable and encouraging features of the year was the tendency to take up marshy land for cultivation of salt- water padi. Towards the end of the year a particularly important

J 2

application was received from a Hongkong syndicate for the pur- chase of 1,200 acres of swamp at P'ing Shan, and negotiations were proceeding in a satisfactory manner when the year closed.

A scheme was also started for the cultivation of fruit trees on some 80 acres of hillside at Castle Peak.

There has been a welcome revival of interest in Tai Po Market owing partly to a reduction in the upset price of building land: the main street has been macadamised at their own expense by the shop- keepers, and a new pawnshop is being built. Developments in the neighbourhood of Fanling have been well maintained.

IV-REVENUE.

The revenue collected in the district is set forth under the various heads in Table B.

The total amount collected, $112,075, is an increase on all previous years. The highest total hitherto was $111,301.72 in 1913.

V.-LIQUOR.

The total liquor revenue collected in the district was :—

1914.

1915.

$

C.

$

c.

Distillery Licences

2,920.03

2,691.75

Chinese Wines and Spirits

Licences

3,943.75

3,768.75

Liquor Duties

5,967.85

5,915.75

$12,831.63 $12,376.25

VI. GENERAL.

The first rice crop was good, but the second was poor, owing to an exceptionally dry season. September is an important month for the second crop, and a good rainfall is expected, but this year only 2.77 inches were registered at Tai Po in that month, as against 22:41 in 1914. Table C shows that the rainfall for the year was considerably below the average.

Good progress was made with the main road from Tai Po to Au T'au creek and with the bridge over the creek. It is now possible to motor from Kowloon to Au T'au, and when the bridge is finished, the road will be clear through to Castle Peak. The gharry service has been fairly well patronised.

The war has caused no uneasiness in the district. It is possible to trace a certain timidity in the western parts of the Territory, due to their exposure to armed robberies from the sea, but the tendency of well-to-do Chinese from Hongkong to invest capital in the Territory has never been more marked.

A. E. WOOD,

1st March, 1916.

District Officer.

L

Headings.

No. of Sales,

Permits, Licences, etc. No. of Lots.

Table A.

Area.

Co

A

Increase of Crown Rent.

Decrease of

Crown Rent. Amount of Premia, Fees, etc.

Amount paid for Resump- tion of Land.

Term

of

Years.

A. R. P

C.

Land Sales

Agricultural Land (K.C.R. Land),

23

>>

""

(Tai Po-Fanling Rd. Ld.), (Crown Land),

505,296 s.f.

22,215

11

2 16

11.70

2 13

60

143

2,446,777

56 0

27

39.50

5

19

11

1,161,310

26 2

253

3.20

C.

1,696.00

56.00

4,566.00

228.00

75

""

5

Building Land Brick-kiln

Cemetery Land

Dry Ground

Garden Land

197

154,659

3 2

35

""

"}

8 269.50

1,812.00

75

281

1,120

4

10

12.00

>>

I

30,000

2

30

1.00

75.00

930

3

"

''

10

19.00

""

193,107

""

1

29% 22.10

450.00

Market Land

}}

Threshing Floor

"

Oyster-Bed

10

28,514

2 24

65

284.00

25

24,227

9

3.10

275.00

མ ེབ ི མ ་ ི མ

21 (1)

1

39,204

24

6.00

""

21

Permits to occupy

Land for Building Purposes,

Agricultural Purpose,

16

ཆབ

14,944

15 25.52

18

"3

77

38,841

1,089,509

3

223

2.30

25 0

""

150.94

""

(K.C.R. Land),-

53 144

803,682

18 1

32 IC0.41

5

1

""

(1) Renewable for 7 years.

- J 3 -

1

Table A,--(Continued).

Term

of

Years.

75 "

- J 4-

Headings.

Conversion of Agricultural Land to

Threshing Floor,

Building Land,

Encroachment of Crown Land for Building

Purpose,

Exchange for Land Resumed,

Surrenders,

2010

No. of Sales,

Permits,

Licences, etc.

No. of Lots.

Area.

672 s.f.

11,679

508

>>

A. R. P.

21

06

3 | 21.14

S

€0

-GA

ن

-Co

Increase of Crown Rent.

Decrease of Crown Rent.

Premia, Fees,

Amount of

etc.

Amount paid for Resump-

tion of Land.

3.36

95.35

2

2.00

6.00

40

53,579

143,841

Re-entries,

78

111,672

Resumptions,

220

191,882

ANWH

0

363

1

ავ

12.91

2

2 10

28.96

4

1 243

9.70

1,298.64

Matshed Permits,

69

98.50

Permits to cut Earth, &c.,

91

121.00

Permits to quarry Stone,

36

43.00

Water Wheel Licences,

6

9.00

Ferry Licences,

6

12.00

Grave Registration and Certificates,

147

72.25

Forestry Licences,

423

Pineapple Land Lease,

22

Stone Quarry Lease, -

1 2

Deeds Registered,

3,202

IN

29,506·20 ac.

13.14

76.00

3,065.21

39.42

دو

724.19

""

1,607.10 (3)-

(1) 2 lots unsurveyed.

(2) 34 lots unsurveyed.

(3) Value of stamps sold for fees of Deeds Registration.

1

T

J 5

Table B.

Revenue collected in the Northern District, during the years 1914 and 1915.

1914.

1915.

$ c.

C.

Crown Rent,-

Kerosene Oil Licences,

Distillery Licences,

79,011.26

80,183.66

278.00

296.00

2,920.03

2,691.75

-

Chinese Wine and Spirits, Pawnbroker's Licences, -

Money Changer's Licences. Forestry Licences, - Permits to cut earth,

Fines,-

Forfeitures,

Distress Warrants,-

3,943.75

3.768.75

1,600.00

1,600.00

600 00

840.00

3,050.77

3,065.21

98.00

121.00

1,647.00

1,371.00

149.24

269.15

44.00

Grave Certificates,-

91.00

72.25

Matshed Permits,

72.50

98.50

Permits to occupy land,

291.93

449.24

Stone Quarry Permits,

229.25

43.00

Stone Quarry Lease,

710.00

724.19

Certified Extracts,

Sun Prints,

Pineapple Licences,

107,00

101.00

40.00

40.00

37.26

39.42

Water Wheel Licences,

10.00

9.00

Ferry Licences,

12.00

12.00

Premium on Land Sales, -

5,967.85

9,577.71

House Rent, -

186.00

549.35

Liquor Duties, -

5,967.85

5,915.75

Distress Warrants, (Crown Rent),-

37.00

71.00

Arrears of Revenue,

.52

3.38

Forfeitures (Sale of Land), -

61.00

51.00

Temporary Licence to sell Liquor,

2.00

Deposits not available (reward fund, opium

fines),

-

320.00

30.00

Deposit not available (Unclaimed Compen-

sation), -

37.70

$108,455.14 $112,075.71

- J 6 -

Table C.

Tai Po Police Station.

Annual return of Rainfall during the year 1915.

Inches.

January,

*50

February,

*90

March,

3.24

-

April,

2.84

May,

18.67

June,

9.92

July,

24.80

August,

10:45

September,

2.77

October,

6:03

November,

3.82

December, -

1.31

Total,

85.25 inches.

J 7

B.-SOUTHERN DISTRICT.

I. STAFF.

Mr. S. B. B. McElderry acted as Assistant District Officer from 1st January to 12th May, Mr. A. D. Ball from 13th May to 24th September, and from 14th October to 31st December, and Mr. E. W. Hamilton from 25th September to 13th October.

II.

MAGISTRACY.

The Assistant District Officer sitting as Police Magistrate heard during the year 127 cases, affecting 211 persons. 163 persons were convicted or bound over and 35 were discharged.

The following table gives a comparison with 1913 and 1914:---

1913.

1914.

1915.

No. of cases

167

247

127

No. of persons affected

267

355

211

No. of persons convicted or

bound over

212

304

163

No. of persons discharged

55

41

35

No. of persons imprisoned-

56

45

12

Fines exclusive of opium

$5,020.35

$4,865.78 $2,569.45

Opium Fines paid to the Farmer

$711.77

Opium Fines paid to Government

Reward Fund

$242.00 $305.00

Forfeitures-

$299.56

$196.71 $121.42

III. SMALL DEBTS COURT.

Ninety-eight (98) cases were heard during the year as compared with 57 in 1914 and 70 in 1913. Courts were held regularly in Tai O and Cheung Chau and when necessary at Tsun Wan.

IV. LAND OFFICE.

One thousand three hundred and thirty-four (1,334) deeds were registered as compared with 1,136 in 1914. This is the highest number on record. Many of the Cheung Chau Leases were renewed during the year. Registration fees for 1915 were $1,258.60, and for 1914 $970.30.

Twenty-one (21) lots of Crown Land on 75 years lease were sold by public auction at a total premium of $810 and 30 lots by private treaty at a premium of $189. $17.27 was collected as premium for an extension at Cheung Chau. In all 373 acres of land were sold at a premium of $1,046.27 and an increased annual rent of $53.60.

Building Licences affecting 18 lots were issued for 56 acres of agricultural land with a resultant increase of $68.50 in the annual Crown Rent. Sums amounting to $329.57 were paid as conversion land were sold at a prefees in respect of the licences issued for New Kowloon.

J 8

Four five-year leases of 4'48 acres were granted at an annual rental of $22.10.

Nineteen Annual Permits were issued for 495 acres at a rental of $188.20.

A large marine lot at Ping Chau was re-leased for 3 years and 8 months by public auction, the annual rental being $900.

Twenty-seven lots comprising 64 of an acre were resumed in connection with the Sham Shui Po Improvement Scheme and com- pensation amounting to $5,733.98 was paid.

Thirty lots of 2·08 acres were surrendered during 1915.

One quarry lot at Cheung Chau was re-entered for non-fulfilment of conditions, and in January, 1916, there were re-entries on 16 lots for non-payment of Crown Rent. The total area re-entered was

1.90 acres.

Eleven grave certificates were issued.

V. REVENUE.

Table A shows the revenue collected by the Assistant District Officer. The total is less than that for 1914, there being a consider- able decrease in Land Sales and Fines. The former were exceptional in 1914; the decrease in the latter indicates a decrease in crime throughout the District.

A new item has been added to Table A, viz., Permits to occupy Land. This was formerly included in the Crown Rent total. The figures include a number of fees collected in 1914 under this heading.

The increase in assessed taxes is due to the fact that rates at Sham Shui Po were raised 11% for the 3rd and 4th quarters of the year, after the installation of electric lighting in the streets.

Table B gives details of revenue collected in licence fees by the Police during 1914 and 1915. 1915 shows a considerable increase.

Table C shows the revenue collected during 1914 and 1915 in the District by departments other than the District Office. It in- cludes the totals of Table B.

Table D shows, comparatively, the total revenue collected in the Southern District during the last three years. It is a combination of Tables A and C, and has now been inserted for the first time.

VI. LIQUOR.

Liquor Duties were collected in the Southern District during

The total for 1914 was $105,620,

1915 amounting to $137,331.21.

E

J 9

The chief sources of this revenue are given in the following table, which shows comparatively the totals of the last three years:-

District.

No. of Dis- tifleries

Revenue

Revenue Revenue

1913.

1914.

1915.

in 1915.

$

$

Tsun Wan

14

36,300

43,343

44.244

2

9,067

28.957

Kwai Chung

Rest of Mainland

including Kow-

loon City and

Sham Shui Po

10

Cheung Chau

Tai O

aas

53,000

37,722

47,267

5

20,500

13,783

15.363

1,432

1,252

A considerable quantity of this liquor is exported for Hong- kong consumption.

VIL-OPIUM.

During the year 13,917 taels of prepared opium and 516 taels of dross opium were sold; the sales during the ten months of Government control in 1914 and the corresponding months in 1915

were :-

1914 1915

6,781 taels prepared, 11,880

560 taels dross.

404

"

The figures for these ten months in 1913 were :—

10,000 taels prepared,

VIII-GENERAL.

་་

350 taels dross.

Crops. The first rice crop was everywhere good but in many places the second erop was spoiled by the high winds.

The pineapple crop in the Tsun Wan District was unusually good. Some friction which occurred here in connection with the export of the fruit to Hongkong, was probably due in the first place to the abundance of the crop.

Fishing.-Fishing generally was not good, and trade seems to have suffered in consequence. One record catch, however, was made at Tai O during November, $30,000 worth of Wong Fa being taken in 5 days.

Tai O. The general state of Tai O shows little sign of im- provement. There is very little public spirit in the place. A notable instance of this can be seen in the fact that there are two ferry launches running between Tai O and Hongkong daily at the same times, where one would be ample. The community will not

J.10.

combine to support a single launch. Tai O is not too healthy. Trade generally has not been good during the year and money is scarce. There were two armed robberies reported in the District in 1915, but otherwise little crime. The Salt Pans have enjoyed more prosperity than usual, though during the summer it was feared that the enormous quantities of fresh water brought down the Canton River by the unusual floods, would affect the trade. 1,150 tons of salt were made and sold during the year, as compared with 800 in 1914.

Cheung Chau.-Affairs at Cheung Chau continue to run smoothly. The community have undertaken several small works during the year, among which are the purchase of two small manual fire engines (making a total of three on the island) and the marking of the fairway approach to the ferry pier with small buoys. The new chinese hospital was opened in May. Chinese medical treatment and medicine are supplied free to the villagers. The death rate has decreased 14% during the year.

Trade generally was not as good as in 1914, owing largely to the scarcity of fish, upon which the island mostly depends. The market continues to be a success.

Most of the missionary houses were occupied during the sum- mer months, some being let to Hongkong residents. A pamphlet is being prepared by the missionaries' committee giving details of the accommodation available, with a view to extending the popularity of the island as a summer resort.

Lammu Island.-There is now a considerable amount of Poultry Farming carried on in Lamma Island, large quantities of eggs being exported to Hongkong. Cattle-rearing on the island is also on the increase.

The last of the compensations to land owners in connection with the resumptions and reclamations at Ap Liu, was paid in December. Otherwise there have been no important public works. in the District.

6th March, 1916.

A. DYER BALL, Assistant District Officer,

Southern District.

-

J11

Table A.

Revenue collected by the Assistant District Officer,

Southern District, New Territories.

1914.

1915.

c.

$

C.

Land Sales,

Crown Rent, -

6,459.10

1,375.84

29,687.73 28,312.13

Assessed Taxes, -

7,560.77

8,557.18

Lease of Stone Quarries,

1,078.38

863.40

Forestry Licences, -

1.926.46

1,793.97

Earth Permits, -

77.50

111.50

Matshed Permits,

725.50

744.60

Permits to occupy Land, 1914 and 1915,

1,332.66

Pineapple Licences,

1,071.85

930.23

Registration Fees, -

970.30

1,258.10

Distress Warrants, (Crown Rent),

95.00

84.00

Distress Warrants, (Small Debts),-

14.00

16.00

Writs of Summons,

80.00

121.00

Fines, (Police Court), -

4,865.78

2,569.45

Forfeitures, -

196.71

121.42

Certified Extracts, -

13.00

22.00

Grave Certificates,-

10.00

4.00

Miscellaneous Receipts,

62.00

208.56

Interest,

23.17

15.56

Legal Costs, -

2.50

Sunprint Plans,-

20.00

15.00

Boundary Stones,

641.05

115.00

Water Wheel Licences,

46.00

38.00

Reward Fund (Opium Fines),

242.00

305.00

Building Plans,-

13.00

2.00

Total,

$55,879.30 $48,949.10

Table B.

Licence Fees collected by the Police Department.

Money

Station.

Distilleries.

Wine and

Spirit.

Eating

Pawn

Kerosine.

House.

Dogs.

Chan-

Total.

Brokers.

gers.

J 12

$

C.

€f

$

$

Kowloon City,

f 1914

800.00

2,900.00

57

20

300

1,500

5,577.00

1915

800.00

2,450.00

56

246

2,250

5,837.00

Sham Shui Po, -

f 1914

400.00

4,800.00

60

55

624

2,000

10

7,949.00

1915

800.00

5,600,00

60

35

291

2,000

8,786.00

Tai 0,

1914

112.50

650.00

66

400

1,278.50

1915

125.00

618.75

62

400

50

1,255.75

1914

149.00

Cheung Chau,

800.00

66

800

20

1,835.00

1915

149:00

850.00

66

800

30

1,895.00

Tsun Wan,

f 1914

679.00

425.00

34

10

1,138.00

1915

593.00

168.75

34

10

1,105.75

Po Toi,

S 1914

25.00

25,00

50.00

ì 1915

25.00

25.00

Yung Shu Wan, f 1914

50.00

50.00

Lamma Island, - į

1915

50.00

30

80.00

1914

Total,

2,165.50

$

9,650.00

263

75

924

4,700

90

1915

2,467.00

10,062.00

278

100

537

5,450

90

895

17,867.50

18,984.50

J 13

Table C.

Revenue collected through other Departments from the

New Territories, Southern District.

1914.

1915.

$

C.

Treasury, (Crown Rent for Inland Lots), Treasury, (Quarries in New Kowloon),

11,566.83

$ c! 12,650.50

14.399.22

12.568.22

Harbour Office, (Harbour Dues, Stake Nets,

etc.),

Police, (Licence Fees),

Imports and Exports Office, (Liquor Duties), 105,620.34 137,331.21

28,384.85 24,521.95

17,867.50* 18,984.50*

Total,

- $177,838.74 $206,056.38

Table D.

Table showing total revenue collected from Southern District, New Territories, during the last three years.

1913.

$ C.

1914.

1915.

$ C. $3 c.

By Assistant District Officer, -

By other Departments,

48,714.81 55,879.30 48,949.10 182,092.18 177,838.74 206,056.38

Total, -

$230,806.99 $233,718.04 $255,005.48

* See Table B.

1

Appendix K.

REPORT OF THE CAPTAIN SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE

FOR THE YEAR 1915.

The total of all cases reported to the Police during the year 1915 was 9,460 as against 8,817 in 1914 being an increase of 643 or 7:29 per cent. The average for the last five years is 10,447'4.

In the division of these cases into Serious and Minor Offences there appears an increase, as compared with 1914, of 140 cases or 469 per cent. in the former and of 503 cases or 8'62 per cent. in the latter.

The increase and decrcase as compared with 1914 in Serious Offences are shown as follows:-

Increase.

Robbery, - Larcenies,

Other Felonies

30

168

45

243

Decrease.

Murder,

1

Burglary & Larceny from dwelling,

51

Assault with intent to rob,-

Kidnapping and Protection of Women

and Children,

Piracy,

Unlawful possession,-

Nett increase, -

12

1

31

103

140

2. Table I shows the number and character of the Serious and Minor Offences reported to the Police during 1914 and 1915 and number of persons convicted and discharged in connection with these offences.

K 2

MURDER.

3. Thirteen murders were reported to the Police during the year, compared with 14 in 1914.

In connection with 8 of these reports, no arrest was made, and in the remaining 5 cases, arrests were made. There were 2 cases in which convictions were obtained (2 persons). In 3 cases there was no conviction (6 persons).

MANSLAUGHTER.

4. Eight cases were reported to the Police during the year as against 6 in 1914.

In all of these cases, arrests were made. which convictions were obtained (5 persons). no conviction (8 persons).

GANG ROBBERIES.

There were 4 cases in In 4 cases there was

5. Forty-four gang robberies were reported to the Police during the year as against 17 in 1914.

In 30 cases, no arrest was made; in the remaining 14 cases arrests were made.

There were 11 cases in which convictions were obtained (24 persons) of whom 19 were convicted and 5 discharged. In 3 cases there was no conviction (6 persons).

STREET AND HIGHWAY ROBBERIES.

6. Twenty street and highway robberies were reported to the Police during the year as against 16 in 1914.

In 15 cases, no arrest was made; in the remaining 5 cases arrests were made. There were 4 cases in which convictions were obtained (10 persons) of whom 4 were convicted and 6 discharged.

In one case there was no conviction (1 person).

ROBBERIES ON BOATS AND JUNKS.

7. Six cases were reported to the Police during the year as against 7 in 1914.

In all of these cases, no arrest was ma e.

·

K 3

OTHER FELONIES.

8. Under this heading are comprised the following:-

Arson and attempted arson,

Cutting and wounding,

Demanding money with menaces, Embezzlement,

Forgery,

Detaining a man for ransom,

House breaking,-

-

Assault with intent to have carnal knowledge,

Throwing corrosive fluid,

Receiving stolen property,

Child stealing,

Seditious Publication, -

-

1915. 1914.

1

40 22

5

47

53

ان ان دة

STESAN

60 69

2

11

I

1

1

Aiding and abetting in a misdemeanour,

Aiding and abetting in a piracy, -

Aiding and abetting prisoner to escape from

lawful custody,

Falsification of accounts by clerk,-

Lecturing on seditious matter,

Shooting and causing grievous bodily harm,- Possessing explosive substance with intent, Rape,

Inciting to commit an offence,

In possession of seditious matter,

Administering poison, -

Accessory after the fact of murder,

Accessory after the fact of robbery,

1

1

1

229 186

The number of cases in which convictions were obtained was 89 as against 60 in 1914.

GAMBLING.

9. One hundred and eighty-one Gambling Warrants were exe- cuted as against 240 in 1914. There were 6 cases in which no conviction was obtained.

Eleven were lottery cases, compared with 28 in 1914.

PROPERTY REPORTED STOLEN AND PROPERTY RECOVERED.

10. The estimated value of property stolen during the year was $197,251.88 as against $190,073.27 in 1914, an increase of $7,178.61.

The average for the last five years is $278,745.37, a decrease on the average report in 1914 of $14,380.44.

K 1

The value of property recovered and restored to owners was $23,170.37 as against $26.997.59 in 1914, a decrease over property recovered in the previous year of $3,827.22.

LOST PROPERTY.

11. The following is a return showing property lost or re- covered :-

Articles

Articles recovered and

Value

Year.

reported Value lost.

lost.

articles found which were not reported lost.

found.

1915

247

$16,875.35

100

$10,380.01

1914

321

18,206.20

105

5,386.17

THE PIRACY ORDINANCE.

12. Number of searchers employed under the Prevention of Piracy Ordinance, 1914:-

In charge of Guards, etc.,- Searching vessels and in charge

of Chinese searchers

Chinese Staff of searchers

Female Searchers

Female Searchers (Privately Paid) -

-

One

European Constable European L. S.-- One European Constables Three Thirty-one

Two

One.

Number of Guards employed up to the 31st December, 1915-

Steamer Guards,

Launch Guards,

190

26

Number of Steamers entered into bond up to the 31st December,

1915:--

Steamers, Launches,

139

14

13.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

Weights and Measures examined. Correct.

Incorrect.

Total.

Foreign Scales,

439

Nil.

Chinese Scales,

2,615

44

439 2,659

Yard Measures,

357

1

358

Chek Measures,

589

N

591

Total, -

4,000

17

4,047

K 5

The following prosecutions were instituted under the Weights and Measures Ordinance:-

No. of Cases.

47

Convictions.

47

DANGEROUS GOODS ORDINANCE.

Fines.

$516.00

14. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Dangerous Goods Ordinance:-

No. of C'ases.

Convictions.

Fines.

$17.00

FOOD AND DRUGS ORDINANCE.

15. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Food and Drugs Ordinance:-

No. of Cases.

1

Convictions.

1

Fines.

$5.00

Samples purchased and sent to the Government Analyst:-

Brandy. Rum.

Rum. Whisky. Ale.

Port.

Sherry.

Gin.

B

6

2

All the above samples were certified to be genuine with the exception of one sample of Rum purchased from Ty Sing, No. 108, Queen's Road Central.

Two samples of Rum purchased from Yu Yuen of No. 192, Queen's Road East, and H. Honda & Co., of No. 12F, Praya East, were found to be deficient in ethers but no prosecutions were instituted owing to Messrs. Caldbeck & Macgregor holding certi- ficates of origin for them.

K 6

TRAFFIC REGULATIONS.

16. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Traffic Regulations, (Notification No. 359 in the Gazette of the 6th December, 1912):-

Prosecutions. Convictions. Withdrawn. Discharged. Result.

1,672

1,568

19

85

Fines $5,930

MENDICANTS.

17. Seventy-one beggars were dealt with by the Magistrate : two sick and sent to the Tung Wah Hospital; 572 were sent to Canton as follows:-

How often sent away.

Once,

Twice,

Thrice,

Four times,

Total,

Canton.

502

40

20

10

572

Special raids on mendicants took place from March onwards which account for the large increase in the number of arrests.

DEAD BODIES.

18. Table II shows the number of the unknown dead bodies found by the Police in the streets and elsewhere during the

year.

DEPORTEES AND VAGRANTS.

19. 793 persons were banished from Hongkong.

1,031 persons deported from Singapore were sent on by

Police.

6

13 persons deported from British North Borneo were sent

on by Police.

143 vagrants were received from Singapore and sent on`

by Police.

786 vagrants were received from Dutch East Indies and

sent on by Police.

K 7

156 vagrants were received from British North Borneo

and sent on by Police.

1,502 vagrants were received from Saigon and sent on by

Police.

1,121 coolies were received from Singapore and sent on by

Police.

LICENCES.

a

20. The following licences were issued during 1915 :—

1,150 Hongkong Jinrickshas.

14 Kowloon Garage Licences.

39 Kowloon Garage Drivers.

385 Kowloon Jinrickshas. 659 Hongkong Chairs.

60 Hill District Chairs.

14,604 Drivers and Bearers.

1,202 Truck Licences.

9 Private Vehicles. 37 Motor Cars (Livery). 24 Motor Cars (Private). 80 Motor Car Drivers.

35 Motor Cycle Licences.

43 Motor Cycle Drivers.

2 Auctioneers.

4 Licences to store Acetone.

10 Billiard Tables or Bowling Alleys.

1 Brewery.

6 Licences to store Calcium Carbide.

2 Licences to store Chlorate Mixture.

2 Licences to store Chlorate of Potassium and other

Chlorates.

8 Licences to store Compressed Oxygen.

17 Licences to store Detonators.

7 Licences to store Dissolved Acetylene.

15 Distillery Licences (Old Territories).

28 Distillery Licences (New Territories).

42 Licences to store Dynamite.

52 Licences to store Ether and Alcoholic Liquids.

149 Licences to shoot and take game.

17 Licences to store Gunpowder.

K 8

7 Licences to store Kerosine Oil (in Godown). 1,165 Licences to store Kerosine Oil (Ordinary).

74 Licences to store Kerosine Oil (New Territories).

28 Marine Stores.

230 Money Changers.

23 Licences to store Naphtha and Benzine.

2 Licences to store Naphtha and Benzine (in Garage).

2 Licences to store Nitrobenzine or Oil of Mirbane.

94 Pawnbrokers.

7 Licences to store Petroleum in bulk.

1 Licence to store Petroleum in fuel.

3 Licences to store Phosphorus.

7 Licences to store Rockets.

1 Poison (wholesale).

259 Spirit (Chinese, Old Territories).

84 Spirit (Chinese, New Territories).

25 Licences to store Sulphuric Acid and Nitric Acid. 7,337 Hawkers.

DOGS ORDINANCE.

21. 1,983 dogs were licensed during 1915.

88 watch dogs were licensed free of charge.

37 stray dogs were impounded, 271 were sent to the

Dogs' Home and 90 were destroyed.

ARMS ORDINANCE.

22. Three licences to import and deal in arms and two to deal in sporting arms and ammunition were issued during 1915. During the whole year a Proclamation has been in force prohibiting the export of warlike stores from the colony. The following arms and ammunition were confiscated during the year, viz.:—

Six Winchester rifles, 3 sporting guns, 13 rifles, 21 Mauser pistols, 13 automatic pistols, 10 daggers, 16,377 rounds of Win- chester ammunition, 4,024 rounds of automatic pistol ammunition, 36,592 rounds of Mauser pistol ammunition, 19,622 rounds of revolver ammunition, 79 revolvers, 19 detonators, 525 rounds of sporting ammunition, 679 sticks dynamite, and 53 coils of fuse.

EDUCATION.

23. During the year, 7 Europeans and 131 Indians obtained cerficates for knowledge of Chinese, 78 Indians obtained certificates for English, and 2 Chinese obtained certificates for English.

- K 9

MUSKETRY.

24. The Europeans and Indians were put through the usual course of musketry, and 13 Europeans and 37 Indians qualified as marksmen.

IDENTIFICATION BY FINGER IMPRESSIONS.

25. Five hundred and two persons were identified as having previous convictions against them, an increase of 28 as compared with 1914.

Ninety-one identifications were those of criminals who had returned from banishment.

CONDUCT.

26. The conduct of the European Contingent (average strength 176) was good. The total number of reports against them was 45 as against 51 in 1914. There were 7 reports for being drunk or under the influence of drink as against 9 in 1914, none were reported for sleeping on duty as against 1, and 2 for neglect of duty as against 3. One European constable was convicted for assault.

year.

The conduct of the Indian Contingent (average strength 482) was good. There were 370 reports as against 332 for the preceding For drunkenness there were 48 as against 27, for disorderly conduct 28 as against 33, for neglect of duty 23 as against 32, for absence from duty 82 as against 64, for gossiping and idling on duty 56 as against 61, and for sleeping on duty 33 as against 32. 370 men had no report.

Six Indian Constables were convicted by the Police Magistrate (three dismissed from the Force), 2 for assault, 1 for insubordination, 1 for disorderly conduct, 1 for being absent from duty and drunk, and 1 for larceny.

The behaviour of the Chinese Contingent (average strength 631) was very fair. There were altogether 885 reports as against 853 in 1914. There was one report for drunkenness against 3, 113 for sleeping on duty as against 127, 22 for disorderly conduct as against 18, and 337 for minor offences as against 362; 178 men had no report.

Seven Chinese Constables were convicted by the Police Magistrate (six dismissed), 2 for larceny, 1 for larceny from the person, 1 for demanding money with menaces, 1 for assault, 1 for misconduct, and 1 for misappropriation of Government money.

The seamen, coxswains, engineers, and stokers (average strength 203) had 126 reports as compared with 139 for last year. For drunkenness there was no report (same as last year), 84 for absence from station and late for duty as against 77 in the previous year; 100 had no report recorded against them.

K 10

REWARDS.

27. One Lance Sergeant was granted a medal for good work done while attached to the Water Police.

An Indian constable was granted a reward for intelligence in effecting the arrest of a thief who had stolen an electric bulb from a standard.

A Chinese constable was granted a reward for intelligence in effecting the arrest of a man who had committed larceny from a child; a Chinese constable was granted a medal and a reward for his exceptional bravery in securing the arrest of a murderer; a Chinese constable was granted a reward for plucky action in effecting the arrest of a snatcher; a Chinese constable and a coxswain were each granted a reward for plucky action in securing the arrest of an armed robber; a Chinese constable was highly commended by the Chief Justice at the August Criminal Sessions for praiseworthy conduct in securing the arrest of an armed robber and was granted a reward by the Government; a Chinese constable was granted a reward for zeal and activity in effecting the arrest of a robber; a Chinese constable was commended by His Excellency the Governor and granted a reward for pluck and zeal in arresting a man who had committed murder at Yaumati; and a Chinese constable was commended by His Excellency the Governor and granted a reward for arresting a man who had murdered two men at No. 572 Queen's

Road West.

HEALTH.

28. Admissions to Hospital during the last three years were as follows:

Nationality.

1913.

Average

Strength.

Admis-

Europeans,

175

sions.

Average

Strength.

1914.

1915.

Admis-

sions.

Average

Strength.

Admis-

sions.

125 175 142 176

Indians,

472 415

487

426

182

173

Chinese,

576 172 621

112

631

152

75

K 11

A

Return of Police treated in Government Civil Hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever from the 1st January to 31st December, 1915-

Old Territories.

New Territories.

Nationality.

Average Strength.

Treated.

A verage Strength.

Treated.

Europeans,

162

70

14

5

Indians,

340

361

142

112

Chinese,

593

131

38

21

In addition to cases treated in hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever the cases treated for Fever in the various stations in the New Territories without being removed to Hospital were :--

Europeans 7, Indians 101, Chinese 17.

29. The Assistant Superintendent Mr. T. H. King went on leave on 7th April and returned on 30th June and Mr. D. Burling- ham, Assistant Superintendent, New Territories, acted for him.

POLICE FORCE.

30. Nine Europeans were engaged during the year, 6 were recruited from England and 3 enlisted locally. Table III shows changes in the personnel of the Force during the year, and Table IV the strength, expenditure and revenue for the past ten years.

SPECIAL POLICE RESERVE.

31. During the early days of the war many Special Constables were sworn in and did police duties replacing Indian Police who had been temporarily withdrawn for other work. When these Special Constables were no longer needed they were withdrawn. Represen- tations were received from certain British and Chinese gentlemen who wished to form themselves into a volunteer corps, but on learning that it was the Governor's intention to form an armed voluntary police force they expressed their willingness to serve in such a force and certain public spirited Chinese gentlemen guaranteed the cost of uniform for the Chinese Contingent. The Special Police Reserve Ordinance was passed on 23rd October, 1914. The new force was rapidly enrolled and, under Mr. F. C. Jenkin, barrister-at-law, quickly became efficient.

K 12

Mr. F. C. Jenkin was first appointed Assistant Superintendent of Police Reserve and later on Deputy Superintendent. The corps included British subjects of British, Portuguese, Indian, and Chinese descent and they were formed into separate companies. An Ambulance Corps was recruited amongst the Chinese and placed under the charge of Dr. G. H. Thomas who was made Surgeon- Inspector. A band was also formed from amongst the Portuguese Company, and a series of promenade concerts in the Public Gardens were arranged which were a distinct success.

Owing to the efficiency of this force it was found possible to allow 38 members of the Regular Police to proceed to England to enter the Army, their duties being performed both on land and on the harbour by members of the Reserve, about 60 of whom carried out patrol duties daily in two shifts between 6 p.m. and midnight

The strength of the Special Police Reserve on 31st December, 1915 was:

Staff

10

No. 1 Co. (British and Indians) No. 2 Co. (Portuguese)

129

146

No. 3 Co. (Chinese)

191

Total ..

476

TRAVELLERS RESTRICTION ORDINANCE.

32. On the 12th July, 1915, the issue of passes for Europeans, Non-Asiatics, or Indians to leave the colony was transferred to this Office and Mr. R. A. C. North was appointed an Assistant Super- intendent of Police to supervise the issue, being assisted by a Lance Sergeant and a Constable.

C. MCI. MESSER,

Captain Superintendent of Police.

16th March, 1916.

J

K 13-

ANNEXE A.

Report on the Water Police.

During the year the fleet was strengthened by the new No. 2 Launch. This launch is specially constructed to be able at any time by means of blast tanks to lighten her draft to 6 feet, so as to deal with Police work in Deep Bay, and was built by Kwong Hip Loong and delivered on February 19th, 1915. She has a length of 100 feet, breadth 18 feet, mean draft of 7·0, and a speed of 10 knots with a bunker capacity of 18 tons, is an excellent sea boat and in every way satisfactory.

The Steam Launch Mee Lee, which had been chartered and fitted to do duty as a Police Launch after the old No. 2 Launch had been condemned, was handed back to her owner on February 22nd.

A fast motor launch was also added to the fleet, built by the Taikoo Dockyard and taken over in April, 1915. This launch is 36 feet over-all, of 8 feet bean, and of a draft (aft) of 3 feet. She is fitted with a 30 H. P. Thornycroft Motor, has a speed of 91⁄2 knots and is now running well although considerable difficulty was ex- perienced in the commencement in getting the Police motor-drivers to understand the engine. They had previously been used to the Kelvin engine.

All the Police launches and motor boat have had their annual overhaul and are in good running condition. No. 1 Police Launch's boiler is showing signs of wear. It is 15 years old.

During the year Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 launches carried out practice at a mark with rifle and maxim gun, and on December 1, carried out practice at a moored target 5 feet by 3 feet with Nos. 1, 2, and 4 Police launches at a maximum range of 1,500 yards-decreasing to 1,000, the launch steaming full speed. The shooting made was excellent by all these launches, the best was that of No. 2 which never left the target during a run of 3 minutes. Signalling by day and night has been carried out between the launches and Land Stations.

During the latter part of the year 5 members of the Regular Force stationed at the Water Police Station were granted permission by His Excellency the Governor to proceed to England to join the Army for active service. Their duties have since been performed by members of the Special Police Reserve who take a keen interest in the Police work afloat and are of considerable assistance to the Regular Force.

C. W. BECKWITH, Commander, R.N.,

Assistant Supt., Water Police,

- K 14.

ANNEXE B.

Report on the Police School.

Staff. The staff consists of one European Master and Three Indian Assistant Masters. On the 31st December, 1915, Mr. Ali Bux retired and was replaced as first assistant by Mr. Bishen Singh. Mr. Abdullah of the Anglo-Indian School was appointed third assistant.

Attendance.-School was held 84 times during the year, the average daily attendance being:-

Average Daily Attendance.

European Police Constables,

*46

Indian Police Constables, Gaol Staff,

16:50

1404

31:00

Examinations:-During the year the following Certificates

were obtained :-

European Police Constables, -

Indian Police Constables,

Gaol Staff,

29

Building and General.-The court rooms at the Magistracy where school is now held are well lighted and suitable for the work which has to be done.

The discipline and progress of the men attending has been satisfactory.

21st February, 1916.

E. J. EDWARDS,

Master-in-charge.

d

7

1914.

Europeans and Americans,

Indians,

Cases.

Chinese,

Total,

49 22

1915.

Europeans and Americans,

Indians,

Chinese,

Total,

Robbery with

Violence and Assault with

intent to rob.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Serious Offences.

K 15

Table I.

RETURN OF SERIOUS AND MINOR OFFENCES REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN COMMITTED DURING THE YEARS 1914 AND 1915.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

"Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Burglaries.

Larcenies and Larcenies in Dwelling

Other

Felonies.

Assaults and Disorderly Conduct.

Gambling.

Kidnapping.

Women

and Girls

Protection

Unlawful

Possession.

Drunkenness.

Nuisances.

Miscellaneous

Offences.

Ordinance.

Houses.

Minor Offences.

2

:

:

2

:

:

:

47 22 19 90 13

3 2 1

8

1 7

^^

N

:

22,244738234204 | 90

རྩ |

10

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

91 13 3 12,255 |741 242 207 92 67 479 657|126|521| 2,564 279 6

1

49 50

5

:

25 21

:

4

40

:

:

34 15

121

:.

33 36

10

1

2

2

2

1 1

33 118 7

92

66

397 571|111|521| 2,564|279

6 4

-J

62

7

63

813

421 31

310 279 84 19

19

1,155|1,155

8,549 4,212 515

8,601

431 31

312 279 86 55

51 4 1,157 1,156 I

3,622 4,864 537

8,817

:

...

1277

:

:

:

3

:

N

1

28 28 1

14 10 7

3

25 27 4

:

:

ala

75 29 18

67

12

5 |2,374 | 887|190|211 110

84 |421|536|160|370| 2,129 | 185

7

29

18

67

12

5 |2,393 |900|199|230 '117

88 474591|165|370| 2,129|185

- Į

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

:

:

:

26

:

:

:

:

:

:

26

:

36

38

13

97

21 22

4

3

1

24

28 3

97

༣༩

7

49

31 27 281 234 65 13 12

1,063 1,063

4,305 4,699 | 456|

9,266

h

50

31 28 281 234 65

60 60

1,068 1,069

2

4,365 4,765 | 472|

9,460

Total of

all cases.

VICTORIA.

KOWLOON.

K 16

www.

Table II.

DUMPED BODIES, 1915.

1 month

years and under

15

ycars and

Under one month.

and under

1 year.

year and under years.

5 years and

under

15 years and over.

15 years.

HARBOUR.

Under one month.

1 month and under

1 year.

ELSEWHERE.

1 month

1 year and under

5 years.

years and under 15 years.

15 years and

Under

an

year and

years

15

over.

one month.

under

1 year.

under 5 years.

and under 15 years.

years and over,

Total.

ལུ

m.

f.

m.

f.

sex

sex

sex

lunk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

lunk.

unk.

m. f.

sex

sex

m.

f.

m.

f.

sex

unk.

unk. m.

f.

m.

f.

m

f.

m.

f.

Junk.

SeX unk.

sex

sex

m.

f.

m.

f.

unk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

unk.

3

21

1

11

14

4

32

27

1 30

1 25

6

10

2 11

3

2

6

4

11

2

5

11

تان

2

:

تت

3

السر

1

1

3

9

1

334

Under

one month.

1 month and under

1 year.

1 year and under

5 years.

15 years.

over.

m.

OL

sex

f.

m

f.

unk.

sex

junk.

sex

m.

f.

m

f.

unk.

3

7

10

14

**

Ꭵ8

M

Year,

Victoria,

Kowloon, Harbour. Elsewhere.

Total.

Males.

Females.Unknown. Children.

Adults.

1911.

99

58

31

53

241

146

85

10

174

67

1912,

194

171

1913.

103

198

1914,

154

271

1915,

75

174

56

Baga

77

95

537

294

239

413

124

52

49

402

221

170

11

318

84

66

1

60

551

331

212

408

143

29

334

184

139

11

274

60

K 17

Table III.

Return showing the Establishment and Casualties in the Force during the year 1915-

Nationality.

Establishment

of the Force.

Enlistments.

Deaths.

Resignations

through

sickness.

Resignations through expiry of

terms of service or otherwise.

Dismissals or Desertions.

Total number

of Casualties.

Europeans,

176

9

3

CO

3

2

CC

8

Indians,

482

31

5

3

26

24

58

Chinese,

631

74

10

5

1

9

41

56

Total, 1,289 114

13

1

38

09999

67

122

This number includes the Police paid by other Departments, also the Engineers, Coxswains, and Stokers, but it is exclusive of :-

1 Captain Superintendent.

1 Deputy Superintendent.

2 Assistant Superintendents.

1 Probationer.

1 Accountant.

1 Clerk and Hindustani Interpreter.

6 Clerks.

6 Telephone clerks.

95 Messenger and coolies.

8 Indians and 14 Chinese are employed by Private Firms.

Strength on the 31st December, 1915.

Europeans.

Indians.

Chinese.

Total.

Present,

123

397

598

1,118

Absent on leave,

41

48

33

122

....

Vacancies,

12

37

49

Total,

176

482

631

1,289

K 18

Table IV.

Table showing the Total Strength, Expenditure, and Revenue of the Police and Fire Brigade Departments for the years 1906 to 1915:--

Total Strength.

Expenditure.

Revenue Collected

Year.

by the

Police Fire Force. Brigade.

Police

Fire

Police

Force. Brigade.

Force.

$

$

$

1906,

1.047

97

515,874

25,499

134,212

1907,

1,048

96

522,406

46,250

138,417

1908,

1,046

96

556,607

31,172

124,288

1909, ..

1,054

97

564,835

72,227

125,958

1910,

1,042

103

583,847

41,548

161,420

1911,

1,102

103

586,985

32,421

162,026

1912,

1,196

105

591,076

41,263 172,397

1913,

1,247

105

756,663

35,319 185,250

1914,

1,304

106

789,100

35,913 193,915

1915,

1,289

106

* 765,911

34,922

185,589

NOTE. No revenue is collected by the Fire Brigade.

*

Including $5,526.69 for uniform, &c., for Special Police Reserve but excluding $26,436.05 for 1 new Motor Launch and part payment for 1 new Steam Launch under special expenditure.

:

A

K 19

RFPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE

FIRE BRIGADE.

There were 20 Fires and 29 Incipient Fires during the year against 34 and 50 in 1914. Details are given in Table I.

The estimated damage caused by Fires was $393,668 and by Incipient Fires $1,391 as against $651,318 and $612 in 1914.

The Brigade turned out 17 times during the year (42 in 1914).

2. There was constant supply of water in the Fire Mains throughout the year.

3. One fire occurred in the harbour during the year.

4. There was one prosecution for arson during the year.

5. There are 24 Despatch Boxes kept in different places in Victoria and 12 in Kowloon, 8 different telephones to which the Police can have access to communicate with the Central Station in the event of a fire, and 12 Street Fire Alarms.

6. I enclose copy of a report by the Engineer on the state of Fire Engines (Annexe A).

7. The conduct of the Brigade has been good.

C. McI. MESSER, Superintendent of Fire Brigade.

25th January, 1916.

ANNEXE A.

HONGKONG, 17th February, 1916.

SIR,I have the honour to forward the Annual Report on the condition of the Fire Brigade Machinery and Equipment for the year ending 31st December, 1915.

No. 1 Fire Float.

This vessel has now been on regular duty for 6 years. The Hull, Machinery and Boilers have just undergone a thorough over- haul and are in good working order.

The Machinery has been regularly tested at monthly fire drills in addition to attendance at Fires.

K 20

No. 2 Fire Float.

The Hull, Machinery and Boiler was thoroughly overhauled in November last, has been regularly tested at monthly drills and Fires, and is in good working order.

Motor Fire Tender.

This machine has been in service for about 4 years. It has been regularly repaired and overhauled as found necessary, tested for efficiency and training of drivers as required, and is in good order. This motor has attended 41 Fires during the year and has proved of great service in conveying the men and gear quickly to the fire thereby enabling the Firemen to get close in with the hose before the fire gets too great a hold on the building.

Land Steamers Nos. 2, 4, and 5 (Central Station).

No. 3 Land Steamer (Yaumati Station).

These engines have all been kept in thorough repair during the year and have been regularly tested at monthly drills for Firemen and Drivers.

All the manual pumps and gear, hose reels, extension ladders, supply carts, etc., are in good working order.

Fire Alarms (12 Points).

The Fire Alarms are in good order and tested daily but are very little used.

The exchange telephones have proved of great service and very efficient.

I have, &c.,

D. MACDONALD, Engineer, Fire Brigade.

The Hon. Mr. C. McI. MESSER,

Superintendent, Fire Brigade.

K 21

ANNEXE B.

STRENGTH OF THE FIRE BRIGADE.

Superintendent,

Deputy Superintendent,

Assistant Superintendents,

Europeans.

Chinese.

1

1

Engineer,

Assistant Engineer and Station Officer,

Clerk,

Engineer Drivers,

Assistant Engineer Drivers,

Fitter,

Blacksmith,

Carpenter,

Sailmaker,

Stokers,

Overseers of Water Works,

Inspector of Dangerous Goods,

Assistant to

Foremen, -

Do.,

Firemen,

Interpreters,

Floating Engines.

Foremen and Engine Drivers,

Chief Engineer,

Engine Drivers,

Coxswains,

Stokers,

Seamen,

10.00

I

1

1

1

1

5

1

ཨ །

22

28

3

Total, 1915,

50

Total, 1914,

50

il

1

56

ལྦ་ | ལྔ་

56

No.

Date.

Time.

Situation of Fire.

Table I.

Fires during the year 1915.

No. of Buildings Destroyed.

Damage.

Canse.

Remarks.

Wholly.

Partly.

1

Jan. 7th

6 43 a.m. On board sailing ship "Drumeltan" lying in Kow-

loon Bay,

142,279

Unknown.

23

16th

22nd

"

7.10 a.m.

7.00 p.m.

House No. 113 Jervois Street,

Do.

Do.

37 Aberdeen,

1

1,800

Feb. 16th

3.10 a.m.

Do.

66 Shaukiwan East,

4

30,900

5

"}

19th

20th

2.00 a.m.

Do.

180 Des Vœux Road Central.

1

7,500

Do.

13

13

2.25 a.m. 7 Mar. 20th | 10.20 a.m. 23rd 8.45 p.m. 9 April 1st | 11.30 p.m.

6th | 12.45 p.m.

Do.

Matshed near the University Hostel,..

Glass Factory, Tai Wan, Kowloon City Bay,

House No. 158 Queen's Road East,

112A Praya East (Godown),.

1,000

Do.

482 Canton Road (a knitting factory),

20,000

Do.

600

600

10

11

12

July 6th

27th

13 Sept. 5th

6.17 a.m.

10.45 pm.

2.45 p.m.

Do. 2 and 4 Tsze Mi Alli, Timber Yard, Canton Road, Kowloon,

14 Oct. 3rd

3.15 a.m.

Houses No. 2 and 4 Tsui Lung Lane,

15 Nov. 2nd

16

Dec. 18th

1.39 a.m. Timber Yard, Belchers Street, Kennedy Town, 11.00 p.m. | House No. 79 Sai Kok, Shamshuipo,

:

5,000

121

2,000

Q

:

1

4,000

7,396

5,500

80,000

2,250

Do.

Paper offerings catching fire at the shrine.

Unknown.

A spark from the engine.

Unknown.

Do.

Bursting of the brickwork of one of the furnaces and the burning liquid sand flowing out.

Arson.

A spark from the fire for tea drying. Unknown.

(A spark from the baking stove. 3 per- sons burnt to death and 6 persons died of injuries received in jump- ing down from the burning pre- mises.

Unknown.

Do.

-K 22-

Table I,- Continued.

Fires during the year 1915.

No. of Buildings Destroyed.

No.

Date.

Time.

Situation of Fire.

Damage.

Cause.

Remarks.

Wholly.

Partly.

17 Dec. 18th

3.45 a.m. Matshed, Po Kong, Kowloon City,

1

18

20th

"

3.45 am. House No. 10 Star Street,.

19

21st

9.11 a.m.

20

23rd

2.36 p.m.

House No. 28 Tai Ping Shan Street, Kwong Fat Shipbuilding Yard, Mong Kok.

3

1

14,943

700

9,800

Unknown; a suspected case of arson. 2 women and I boy were burnt to death.

Due to a lighted match being care- lessly dropped on kerosine lamps or on the ground soaked with ke- rosine setting the premises ablaze. Setting fire to crackers. One girl burnt to death.

2

1

57,400

Unknown.

— K 23 —

Appendix L.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISON

FOR THE YEAR 1915.

1. The number of prisoners received into prison during the year and the corresponding number for the year 1914 were as follows:

Convicted by Ordinary Courts,

""

Courts Martial,

Supreme Court for China and Korea, High Court, Weihaiwei,

1915.

2.993

1914. 3,034

6

7

3

Debtors,

58

61

On remand or in default of finding

surety,

-

1,112

949

Total, -

- 4,179

4,050

There was an increase of 129 on the total number of admissions as compared with the year 1914. There was an increase of prisoners convicted for larceny during the year under review, the number being 707 against 595 for the previous year.

2. The number of Revenue Grade prisoners admitted to prison was 1,651 made up as follows:-

Convicted under the Opium Ordinance,

+1

""

1

31

1

Opium Divan Gambling Market

Arms

Vehicles

A

""

3

- 129

- 51

- 247

76

37

84

""

Police

"

29

41

23

Sanitary By-laws,

22

Harbour Regulations,

Post Office Ordinance,

1

27

4

"

1

19

J

י,

29

"

"

Stowaway Ordinance,

Servants' Quarters Ordinance

Marine Hawkers

Dangerous Goods Pharmacy

25

5

""

16

""

4

""

27

Chinese Wine & Spirit

4

11

"

Eating House

""

Carried forward,

- 725

L 2

Brought forward,

Convicted under the Lodging Honse Ordinance,

爷爷

,

Pawn Brokers

"

**

for committing nuisance in street, unlawful boarding on steamer, under the Railway Ordinance, -

for discharging fireworks,

wasting water,

hawking without a licence,

21

""

,

""

cruelty to animals,

""

keeping house for prostitution,

out permission,

725

3

1

10

16

1

2

1

· 305

"

removing sand, stone and earth with-

depositing rubbish in the public street,

19

-

""

illegal pawning,

""

perjury,

NN5W

3

2

2

་་

travelling on river steamers without

drunkenness-

2

""

""

7

1

21

1

paying legal fares,

trespassing,

disorderly conduct.

assault,

obstruction,

,, cutting trees,

,, fighting,

10

17

- 73

67

47

64

26

2

19

mendicancy,

""

"

malicious damage,

65

י,

""

"

11

demanding more than legal vehicle

fare,

attempting to pass Canton Road,

under the Truck Ordinance,

for unlawfully printing and publishing

10

unlawful possession of lottery tickets,- 34

lottery tickets,

""

""

""

catching fish by explosives,

་་

carrying pigwash without covers,

""

""

,, keeping dog without muzzle,

under the Money Changers Ordinance,

Pier Ordinance,-

""

for riding bicycles without a light,

""

""

""

>>

Ι

1

1

2

-

1

1

-

110

Total,-

1,651

converting money to own use, unlawful possession, -

L 3

3. The above figures show that 40 per cent of the total admissions to prison were for Revenue Grade prisoners.

The following table shows the number of prisoners committed to prison without the option of fine and in default of payment of fine:

In default payment of fine.

Year.

Without option of

Served the

fine.

imprison-

Paid full Paid part

Total.

fine.

fine.

ment.

1914

1,415

1,086

277

262

3,040

1915

1,420

1,140

230

213

3,009

4. There were 97 juveniles admitted into prison 52 of whom were sentenced to be whipped in addition to various terms of im- prisonment varying from 24 hours detention to 3 months and 42 days imprisonment with hard labour.

5. The percentage of convicted prisoners admitted to prison with previous convictions recorded against them was 115 as com- pared with 117 for 1914.

6. There were 92 prisoners admitted who were convicted by the Police Court in the New Territories against 113 for the previous year (154 in 1913).

7. The following table shows the number of convicts in custody on the 31st December for the past ten years, and the pencentage of the total number of prisoners in custody to the estimated popula- tion of Hongkong:-

Year.

Estimated No. of population. convicts.

Percentage

of population.

Daily average

Percentage

to

No. of prisoners.

population.

1906 414.049

156

*037

518

•125

1907 414,415

146

*035

502

•121

1908 420,741

130

*038

465

*110

1909 428,858

180

*042

560

•130

1910 435.986

208

*048

547

*125

1911 464,277

241

*052

595

*128

1912

467,777

222

*047

701

*149

1913

489,114

253

*052

702

•144

1914 501,304

216

*044

600

•120

1915

516,870

213

*041

594

*115

L +

8. There were 837 punishments awarded for breach of prison discipline, being an average of 141 per prisoner as compared with 804 with an average of 134 for the preceding year. Corporal punishment was inflicted in 5 cases for prison offences during the year.

9. 110 prisoners were whipped by the order of the Courts.

10. There was no escape and only one attempt to escape.

11. There were 7 deaths (4 natural causes, 2 executions, 1 suicide).

12. Constant attention is given to the instruction of long- sentence prisoners of good conduct, who are employed at industrial labour.

13. 7,168,168 forms were printed and issued to the various Government Departments and 29,937 books bound and repaired.

14. The buildings are in good repair.

15. The conduct of both the European and Indian Staff has been very good.

16. The appliances for use in case of fire are in good condition, and the water supply adequate.

17. The rules laid down for the government of the prison have been complied with.

18. I append the usual returns.

C. MCI. MESSER,

1st March, 1916.

Superintendent.

INCOME.

Table I.

Return showing the Expenditure and Income for the year 1915.

EXPENDITURE.

CA

- L 5

-

Pay and allowance of officers including Uni- form, etc.,

Earning of prisoners,

77,570 | 46

Debtors' subsistence,

Victualling of prisoners,

14,477 43

Wei-Ilai-Wei prisoners' subsistence,

63,515

698 00

109

Fuel, Light, Soap and Dry Earth,

8,836 08

Canton

do.,

Clothing of Prisoners, Bedding and Furni-

Shanghai

do..

8,485 | 98 | Naval

do.,

50

138 60

134 10

61 80

ture,

Military

do.,

Singapore

do.,

British North Borneo do.,

Subsistence

Marine Magistrate,

Waste Food Sold,

of Prisoners sentenced by

Paid out of Colonial Revenue for prisoners'

maintenance,

Total,

116 70

293

40

31 65

356 10

89

10

43,825 | 62

2 38

$109,369 95

Average annual cost per prisoner $73.78-in 1914 $62.58 and in 1913 $64.07.

Total,

$109,369 95

1914,

$108,143 | 24

L 6

-

Table II.

Return showing Expenditure and Income for the past 10 years.

Year.

Expenditure.

Income.

Actual cost of prisoners' maintenance.

Average cost per

prisoner.

$

C.

$

C

$

C.

C.

1906

96,202.08

39.613.26

56,588.82

109.24

1907

89,711.39

40,079.90

49,631.49

98.86

1908

95,537.85

48,066.33

47,471.52

102.09

1909

93.926.80

46,421.13

51,505 67

91.97

1910

96,302.19

52,104.75

14.197.44

80.80

1911

93,458.23

53,889.26

39,568.97

66.50

1912

97,577,82

62,348.80

35.229.02

50.25

1913

106,275.20

61,298.50

44,976.70

64 07

1914

108,143.24

70,597.22

37,546.02

62.58

1915

109,369.95

65,544.33

43,825.62

73.78

Table III.

Return showing value of Industrial Labour for the year 1915.

Value of

stock on

Value of

Nature of Industry.

hand

Materials

Total Dr.

January 1st purchased.

4

5

6

7

Value of

Articles

manufactur- ed or work

done for

Payment.

Goal or other 31st 1915.

Value of

Value of

Articles

manufactur.

Stocks on

ed or work

hand

Total Cr.

done for

December

8

Value of

Earnings

(Difference between

Columns

3 & 7.)

1915.

Department.

$

$

C.

$

C.

C.

Ꮹ .

C.

C.

$

Oakum,

142.00

284.00

426.00

551.35

131.20

982.55

Coir,

582.12

847.52

1,429.64

1,150.94

566.84

196.00

1,913.78

C.

556,55

484.14

Net-making,

.80

63.62

64.42

98.00

28.00

126.00

61.58

Tailoring.

31.32

2,483.15

2,514.47

123,40

3,618.12

43.20

3,661.32

1,146.85

Rattan,-

1.40

11.90

13.30

11.15

15.90 i

27.05

13.75

Tin-smithing,

5.90

666.92

672.82

16.22

1,491.45

1,507.67

834.85

Carpentering,

.90

445.47

446.37

164.50

756.65

82.40

1,003.55

557.18

Grass-matting,

11.40

47.45

58.85

87.90

87.90

29.05

Shoe-making,-

1.19

1,641.37

1,642.56

897.12

1,275.20

41.20

2,213.52

570.96

Laundry,

1,547,00 1,547.00

7,774.72

7,774.72

6,227.72

Printing and Bookbinding,

|

14,714.37 19,534.44 | 34,248.81

183.94

Photography,-

278,50

278.50

.60

69,937.05 17,143.99 | 87,264.98 | 53,016. 17 294.48

295.08

16.58

Total,-

|

-$ 15,491.40 27,851.34 | 43.342.74

3,197.22 85,818.31

17,965.99 (106,858.12 | 63,515.38

Paid into Bank during 1915, which sum includes $59.88 for work executed in 1914, $3,082.05. Value of work executed during 1915 for which payment was deferred to 1916, $175.05.

- L 7

Appendix M.

MEDICAL AND SANITARY REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1915.

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

ANNEXE A.-Report of the Head of the Sanitary Department,

ANNEXE B.-Joint Report of the Principal Civil Medical Officer

and the Medical Officer of Health, -

ANNEXE C.-Report of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon,

ANNEXE D.-Report of the Superintendent, Civil Hospital,

-

Page.

3

9

30

35

ANNEXE E-Report of the Medical Officer in charge of the

Victoria Hospital for Women and Children, 48

ANNEXE F.-Report on the Lunatic Asylum,

49

ANNEXE G.-Report of the Medical Officer in charge of the

Infectious Diseases Hospitals,

51

ANNEXE H.-Report of the Medical Officer to Victoria Gaol,

53

ANNEXE I.-Report of the Medical Officer for Kowloon and the

New Territories,

ANNEXE J.-Report of the Visiting Medical Officer of the

Tung Wa Hospital,

ANNEXE K.-Report on the Alice Memorial and Affiliated

Hospitals, -

ANNEXE L.-Report of the Government Bacteriologist,

ANNEXE M.--Report on the Public Mortuary, Victoria,

ANNEXE N.-Report on the Public Mortuary, Kowloon,

ANNEXE O.-Report of the Government Analyst,

ANNEXE P.--Report of the Health Officer of the Port,

57

61.

73

74

82

86

89

93

M 3

Annexe A.

REPORT OF THE HEAD OF THE SANITARY

DEPARTMENT.

The following were members of the Sanitary Board during the year:

President, the Head of the Sanitary Department, Mr. G. N. Orme for whom Mr. D. W. Tratman acted from 8th September to 31st December.

Vice-President, the Director of Public Works, the Honour-

able Mr. W. Chatham, C.M.G.

The Secretary for Chinese Affairs, the Honourable Mr. E. R. Hallifax, for whom Mr. S. B. C. Ross acted from 19th January to 17th October.

The Medical Officer of Health, Dr. F. W. Clark, for whom

Dr. W. W. Pearse acted from 28th April.

The Honourable Mr. E. A. Hewett, (.M.G., died on 24th November and was succeeded by Mr. F. B. L. Bowley on 13th December.

Dr. G. H. L. Fitzwilliams.

Mr. Ng Hon-tsz.

Mr. Chan Kai-ming.

Lieut.-Colonel F. W. G. Gordon-Hall, D.D.M S., succeeded on 2nd July by Lieut.-Colonel G. B. Crisp, D.D.M.S., China Command.

Mr. P. W. Goldring was elected a member on 22nd

January.

Dr. F. W. Clark retired on 29th November, while on leave.

Dr. G. H. L. Fitzwilliams was re-elected a member for a further term of three years on the 22nd January.

Mr. Ng Hon-tsz and Mr. Chan Kai-ming were re-appointed members for a further term of three years.

STAFF.

Fiye new Inspectors were engaged, one to fill the vacancy caused by the retirement of Inspector Reidie and the rest for newly created posts.

}

M 4

Four Inspectors went on leave and three returned from leave during the year. One Inspector resigned to rejoin the Royal Army Medical Corps and one was granted leave to volunteer for service with the Forces.

As plague was very light these two officers were not replaced during 1915.

LEGISLATION.

Two new By-laws were passed by the Board :-

(a) Exempting the Chinese Permanent Cemetery at Aber- deen from the operation of the Cemetery By-laws. (b) Empowering the Board to carry out cleansing and limewashing in tenement houses which have not been cleansed and limewashed by their owners within the appointed periods and to charge the cost of the work to the defaulting owners.

These new powers have been used fairly extensively in Kowloon and have greatly improved the condition of the premises to which they have been applied. Unfortunately, however, their operation has been misunderstood by not a few Chinese owners and serious reflections have been made on the honesty of the Inspectors who have called for their application. It would seem advisable therefore to use this By-law as little as possible in future and to endeavour to improve the standard of limewashing in tenement houses by other methods, e.g., by compiling a list of satisfactory contractors and requiring the work to be done by one of their number.

CEMETERIES AND CREMATORIA.

Two new cemeteries were appointed-both reserved for the reception of remains exhumed from other authorised cemeteries— that at Ap Li Chau for Hongkong and that at Tai Shek Ku for Kowloon.

The old Po Kong Po Cemetery near Kowloon City, closed in 1903, was completely exhumed by the Tung Wa Hospital at Govern- ment expense, 1,636 sets of bones being removed.

Work was also begun on the exhumation of a very old Chinese cemetery on the N. E. slope of Mount Davis, just above the Cattle Depôts. A small portion of this cemetery, containing a few large graves and a memorial shrine, has been permanently reserved to the Tung Wa Hospital.

M 5

DISEASES.

The incidence of plague was very light, but as regards the other notifiable infectious diseases the incidence was much the same as in 1914, with the exceptions that there were 201 cases of typhoid and paratyphoid fevers reported as against 148, and 34 cases of small-pox as against 110 in 1914.

For the first time as far as is known a case of typhus fever was notified, but the case was obviously imported from Canton.

Another rare disease in this Colony, namely, relapsing fever, occurred to the extent of 7 cases.

There was a slight increase in malarial fever as compared with the previous two years, but the average annual death-rate from this disease is lower for the 5 years ending 31st December, 1915 than for the 5 years ending 31st December, 1914, and only 656 per cent. of the average rate for the 5 years ending 31st December, 1910.

The Colony was fortunate in being rid of rabies and hydro- phobia during the year.

SCAVENGING.

The steady growth of new houses and streets made it necessary to increase the staff of scavenging coolies by a further 15 men. Towards the end of the year the private arrangements of the Tai Hang cow-keepers for the removal of the manure from their sheds broke down completely and the work had to be undertaken by the Department, a collective fee of $70 per month being recovered for the service. At the same time the Department arranged to supply the Botanical and Forestry Department with manure from the Kennedy Town Depôts in place of that formerly purchased from Tai Hang. It is to be regretted that several tons of good fertiliser have daily to be thrown into the sea for lack of a market.

The cost of the scavenging of the City of Victoria was $49,183,81 and of Kowloon $14,433.25.

Provision was made in the Estimates for the year for the pur- chase from England of one 4-wheeled dust-cart and two more 4-wheeled water-carts; but in view of the rise in prices at home and the need for economy here, the purchase was abandoned for the time being. These items have been placed on the Estimates for

1916.

REFUSE DISPOSAL.

No change was made in the refuse disposal service.

The barges were unable to put to sea on 5th November owing to the proximity of a typhoon : one of the two launches broke down on 3 occasions. This vessel is very old and her constant demands for repairs form a serious item in the cost of the service. Out of a total expenditure on repairs for all vessels of $3,088.49 this launch cost $1,197.75.

The total cost of the service for the year was $20,020,70.

1

M 6

P

CONSERVANCY.

The City Conservancy Contractor re-started payment of his fees at the beginning of March and from that date until July he paid monthly in addition to his regular fee a half-fee towards the liquidation of his arrears. Unfortunately the beginning of July saw another flood, even more destructive than that in 1914, descend upon the West River basin and the Contractor, being unable to collect his debts from the cultivators, had again to be allowed to defer his payments. Nothing further was paid by him during the year. The Contractor for Kowloon was for the same reasons allowed to pay $250 per mensem from 1st August until the end of the year instead of the full $750, the balance with interest to be paid up in monthly instalments from March, 1916, onwards.

In addition to their losses from floods the Contractors suffered heavy losses from the depredations of the pirates who infest the channel from Bocca Tigris to the nightsoil depôts at Wong Lin. These pests held the Contractors' boats and their crews to ransom continually and enforced prompt payment of their levies by, burn- ing the former and murdering the latter when there was any delay in making payment. After much pressure the Chinese Authorities were induced to provide an armed launch to escort the boats through the danger zone; but, as this form of protection necessi- tates the use of towing launches for the junks, in order that they may keep together round the escort, the Contractors cannot be said to have been entirely freed from these unexpected charges.

On the 1st April the bucket latrine at Tank Lane was closed and replaced by a trough-closet under the South side of Blake Gar- dens. A new trough-closet was opened at the top of D'Aguilar Street on the same date.

For the loss occasioned by these trough-closets and by the clos- ing of the Queen's Road East latrine and the opening of the Pottinger Street trough-closet at the end of 1914, the City Contractor was granted a reduction in his fee of $600 per mensem. Later in the year this rebate was increased to $950 per mensem with retrospective effect. He also received a "War Condition" rebate of $150 throughout the year.

HOUSE CLEANSING.

The building activities of recent years combined with the extension of the house-cleansing spheres to such outlying places as Shaukiwan, Kowloon City and Cheung Sha Wan had gradually reduced the rate of cleansing from 4 complete rounds per annum to 2 or even less in some districts. In order to bring back the rate to the original standard, provision was made for 4 additional Inspectors and 4 gangs of coolies. Two new Health Districts were created in Victoria, namely, 1A-2A and 6A-7A, comprising portions of old. Health Districts 1-2 and 6-7 respectively. Kowloon was again divided into 3 Health Districts. The speed of the cleansing circuit was further increased by making "Cleansing" part of the programme

M 7

of every weekday during the cooler months, the mid-week rest being abolished. Also premises known to be kept clean by their occupants were omitted from the cleansing lists.

MARKETS.

No new markets were opened during the year, the proposed Government Market for Sham Shui Po being abandoned until better times.

The floods on the West River wrought great havoc among the fishponds which supply the bulk of the freshwater fish sold in the Colony and for a time there was a great scarcity of this article of food, which was probably one of the main causes of the notable in- crease in the sale of pork shewn in the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon's report. Certain of the dealers started to import live fish by rail from Shek Lung, but the supply is somewhat uncertain.

A comparative table of the Market Rents for the past few years will be found in the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon's report. There is a slight falling off in the total for 1915, which is probably due to loss of population and general depression resulting from the war.

POPULATION.

The last Census was taken in 1911. For the purposes of the tables in the report of the Medical Officer of Health the population is estimated by the usual methods to the middle of the year; but the population has been so much disturbed by frequent immigrations of Chinese refugees during the last four years that too much reliance should not be placed on these figures. Military and Naval statistics are omitted from the report.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

The total expenditure during 1915 was $343,903.19 compared with $353,431.65 in 1914: the estimate for the year was $391,793.00.

Certain revenues are collected by this Department, the bulk coming from market rents, and the rest chiefly from licence, regis- tration and cemetery fees.

The total revenue was $271,673.14, compared with $264,352.82 in 1914.

A comparative table of the cost of scavenging for the last three years is appended; other tables and details of the working of the Department will be found in the reports of the Medical Officer of Health and of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon.

D. W. TRATMAN, Head of the Sanitary Department.

13th May, 1916.

M 8

Comparative Cost of Scavenging, 1913 to 1915.

(a) City Scavenging.

1913. $17 330.01

1914. $46.386.80

(b) Kowloon Scavenging,. () Refuse Disposal,

14 660.88

22,118.52

14,869.24 19,379 42

$84.109.41*

$80,635.46

Total,

*$2,000 due to damage from typhoon.

1915.

$49.183.81 14,433 25 20,020 70

$83,637.76

M 9

Annexe B.

JOINT REPORT OF THE PRINCIPAL CIVIL MEDICAL

OFFICER AND THE MEDICAL OFFICER

OF HEALTH.

ÁREA.

The Sanitary Board's control extends over the Island of Hong- kong, which has an area of about 32 square miles, and to that portion of the mainland between the shore and the range of Kowloon Hills extending from the village of Tseung Kwan O in Junk Bay on the East to the village of Kau Pa Kang on the West -with a sea board of about 13 miles and an area of about 16 square miles.

r

">

This area includes 'Old Kowloon' which has been British since 1861 and has an area of about 23 square miles, and a portion of the New Territories leased to this Government in 1898.

The remainder of the New Territories-about 356 square miles -is outside the Board's jurisdiction.

The City of Victoria on the Northern side of the Island has a frontage to the sea of nearly five miles and is separated from the Kowloon portion of the Colony by the Harbour.

The domestic buildings in the City of Victoria number 9,977 (excluding Barracks and Police Stations) of which 948 are non- Chinese dwellings. There are also 180 European dwellings in the Hill District. The number of new houses completed during the year as follows:-City of Victoria 176, Kowloon 74, Outlying Districts 73, and Peak 8, making a total of 331 as against 297 in 1914, 335 in 1913, 231 in 1912, and 155 in 1911.

was

In addition to the above, miscellaneous buildings such as offices, godowns, etc., were erected to the number of 45 (48 in 1914).

ADMINISTRATION.

The City of Victoria is divided into twelve and Old Kowloon into three Health Districts with an Inspector in charge of each.

The Inspector in charge of No. 3 Health District in Victoria has also charge of the sanitary work at the Peak.

-

M 10

There are also five Inspectors engaged in the supervision of scavenging and conservancy work including the upkeep of the dust carts, boats, etc., used in this connection.

In the Outlying Districts the sanitary work is supervised by the Police Inspector, except in Shaukiwan which has been incorpor- ated with No. 1 Health District although it lies beyond the limits of the City. The Inspectors in Hongkong work under the supervision of the Medical Officer of Health and in Kowloon under that of the Assistant Medical Officer of Health.

*

GENERAL SANITARY CONDITIONS.

The activity in building operations which has been a noticeable feature since 1912 has not abated and the demand for housing accommodation for the Chinese is still in excess of the supply.

The Colony has several times since 1911 been subjected to the influx of many thousands of Chinese seeking refuge from disturbances in their own country and of these not a few appear to remain after the majority have returned again to China.

In connection with anti-plague measures to keep rats out of houses as much as possible, 264 ground surfaces have been repaired in the City and 22 in Kowloon (175 and 8 in 1914), while 565 buildings have had rat runs filled up with cement in the City and 799 in Kowloon (1404 and 995 in 1914.)

Permits for the use of three basements as workshops and one for storage of food were issued.

Obstructions have been removed from backyards, under notice, in 111 houses in the City and 5 in Kowloon (228 and 16 in 1914).

Notices to abate sanitary nuisances to the number of 11,442 in the City and 1,240 in Kowloon, and building nuisances to the number of 1,891 in the City and 279 in Kowloon were applied for during the year. (7,434 and 1,855, and 1,265 and 155 respectively in 1914.)

Notices is regard to the breeding of mosquitoes were served to the number of 164 in the City and 27 in Kowloon (383 and 46 in 1914.)

Other sanitary improvements have been carried out by the Public Works Department during the year. These include additional nullah training to the extent of 5,399 feet (9,731 in 1914), and the building of two public latrines on the trough-closet system, one in Tai Ping Shan Street and one in D'Aguilar Street.

Additional scavenging lanes have been provided to the extent of 3,964 linear feet.

M 11

METEOROLOGICAL RETURNS.

The following table gives the meteorological data recorded by the Royal Observatory during the year :-

Month.

Barometer

at M.S.L.

TEMPERA- TURE.

HUMI-

DITY.

Max, Mean. Min. Rel. Abs.

Cloudiness.

Sunshine.

WIND

Rain.

Direction. Vel.

ins.

о

O

O

p.c.ins.

p. c.

hours,

ins.

points. miles p.h.

January, February.

March,

April,

May,

30.20 64.0 60.1 56.3 30.06 67.8 63.6 59.4 30.11 69.2 61.9 61.0 78 29.96 78.774,6 71,3 29.84 79.9 75.5

72 0.39

54

179.4

0.345

E by N

10.9

81 0.49

83

82.6 0.505

H

13.1

0.49

80

115.7 2.640 E by N

13.0

84 0.73

86

126.4 1.795 SE by E

13.6

72.0

84 0.75

83

103.7 12.760 E by S

11.8

June,....

29.82 86 2 81.6

78.4

83 ! 0.90

79

175.9 11.960 SSE

8.0

July,

August,

29.75 88.1 83.2 79.8 29.07 88.5 83.5 79.7

81 0.92

66

219 3 15.410 N

10.4

82

0.94 69

205.3 10.520

8.9

September,... 29.86 85.4 80.9 76.9

75

0.80 52

234.2 5.715 E by N

10.7

October,

29.90 82.7 78.9 75.4

7,5

0.75 67

November, 30.07 | 75.5 | 70,9 | 66.8 December, 30.13 67.9 63,4 58.6

70

62

0.55 72 0.37 39

1623

187.3 11.710 E by N

13.9

154 4 1.890 |NE by E

12.0

214.5

0.775 ENE

10.5

Mean or

Total,...

29.95 77.8 73.3 69.6 77.2

0 67 69 1

1995.7 76.025 E

11.3

The rainfall for the year (76.025 inches) was much less than during 1914 (100.2 inches). It corresponds however more nearly with the average rainfall for the decades ending 1914 and 1904 (818 inches and 74.9 inches respectively).

POPULATION.

The distribution of the population estimated to the middle of 1915 was as follows:

Non-Chinese Civil Population,

13.320

Chinese Civil Population:-

City of Victoria (including Peak),

259,750

Villages of Hongkong,

15,200

Kowloon (including New Kowloon),

73,100

New Territories, (Land),

91,000

Population afloat,

56,790

Total Chinese Population,

495,840

Total Civil Population, ...

509,160

The Civil population consists chiefly of male adults but owing to disturbances in China during the last few years with consequent immigration of Chinese refugee families the proportion of Chinese

}

M 12

females to males would appear to have been considerably greater than usual. The Chinese boat population as estimated to the middle of 1915 was 56,790 and the number of boats belonging to the Port and villages of Hongkong is as follows:-

Passenger boats, Cargo boats,

Steam launches, .. Lighters,

Harbour boats,

Fishing boats.

Trading junks,

Total,

1,116

1,395

331

182

5,118

1,541

2,998

12,681

This gives an average of 44 persons per boat.

The licensed boats in the New Territories numbered 6,864.

The following table shows the number of Chinese houses and floors and the inmates per house and per floor in the City of Victoria as estimated for the year 1915.

City of Victoria Health Districts.

194

444

239

59

3

951

2,050

2.1

14.5

6.7

2

Nil.

325

727

142

Nil.

1,194

3,499

2.9

30.4

10.4

Nil.

11

38

28

Nil.

78

248

3.3

*

*

8

48

567

440

11

1,074

3,620

3.3

32.5

9.6

0

131

557

270

11

969

3,068

3.1

27.8

8.8

6

50

35

389

432

39

945

3,210

3.4

27.8

8.2

13

21

441

430

10

915

3,148

3.4

26.0

7.8

1

60

561

354

13

989

3,285

3.3

25.4

7.6

9

10

19

444

568

108

Nil.

1,139

3,043

2.6

33.3

12.4

21

179

410

165

Nil.

775

2,269

2.9

28.5

9.3

- M 13 -

Total and Averages, 1915,

307

1,698

4,507

2,428

87

9,029

27,440

3.0

28.5

9.4

Total and Averages, 1914,

318

1,699

4,428

2,352

77

8,886 26,793

3.0

27.8

9.2

* Most of the Chinese in this District live in quarters attached to offices.

M 14

The following Table shows the acreage of the City Health Districts with the houses and civil population of each district as estimated for the year 1915 :-

Health District.

Total

Built

over

Non-

Chinese

Chinese

Chinese

Non- Chinese

Persons

Average.

Area in

Dwell-

Dwell-

Popula-

per acre

Acres.

ings.

tion.

Popula-

(built

ings.

tion,

over).

1,

531

134

961

163

13,850

1,720

115

2,....

243

140

1,189

71

36,350

850

265

3,....

232

137

57

431

8.870

3,480

90

4.....

56

53

1,074

162

34.950

1,260

666

5,..

29

27

956

12 27,050

90

1,000

6,..

30

27

945

20

26.350

150

981

36

31

945

6

24,650

45

796

S...

49

47

989

25,150

90

537

9...

44

14

1.139

37.950

55

863

10,.

252

106

775

65

22,760

700

215

Total, 1915,

1,502

746

9,031

948257,930

8.440

357

Total, 1914,

1,502

746

8.886

938 247,500

8,460

344

The following Table shows the distribution of the Chinese population of Kowloon according to houses and floors

in the different Districts into which Kowloon is divided :--

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

One-storey Two-storey Three-storey Four-storey

dwellings.

dwellings.

dwellings. dwellings.

Kowloon.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chiuese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Total dwellings.

Total Floors.

Average number of floors

per Chinese dwelling.

Chinese Population.

Number of persons per Chinese dwelling.

Number of persons per Chinese floor.

Area in acres.

Old Kowloon, (2 urban Health districts),

805

7224

22

Kowloon City District, Sham Shui Po District,..

607

94

745 2971,219 76

458

940

1 220

4

88393

203

23,369 7,612 2.2 58,510 17.3

7.6 2,012

:

:

:

:

:

:

1,074 1,545

1.4

7,540 7.0

4.8

2,758

1,203 1,503 1.2

7,050 6,8

4.5

2,068

Total, 1915.

2,352

23 1,423 306 | 1,261

76

203 2 5,646 |10,660 1.8

73,100 12,9

6.8 6,838

Total, 1914,

2,348

23 1,407 302 | 1,231

59

203

2 5,575 10,479

1.8 70,000 12.5

6.6 6,838

- M 15-

M 16

BIRTHS.

The births registered during the year were as follows:---

Males.

Females.

Totul.

Chinese, Non-Chinese,

1,558

774

2,332

134

145

279

Total, 1915,

1,692

919

2,611

1914,

1,920

1,081

3,001

This gives a general birth rate of 61 per 1,000 as compared with 7.3 per 1,000 in 1914 and 94 in 1913.

The birth rate among the Non-Chinese community was 13.2 per 1,000 as compared with 16'8 per 1,000 in 1914 and 15'8 in 1913.

The nationalities of the Non-Chinese parents were as follows— British 128, Portuguese 68, Indian 40. Malay 10, Filipino 9, German, American, and Jewish 3 each, Dutch, Parsee, Armenian, and Japanese 2 each, and 1 each of Danish, Norwegian, Eurasian, Burmese, Panamanian, Arab, and West Indian.

The number of Chinese births registered does not give an accurate record of the number of births which have occurred. Owing to the custom of the Chinese of not registering births unless the child has survived for a month and often in the case of female children not at all, it is probable that the majority if not all of the infants which are sickly at birth or die before reaching the age of one month have not been registered.

It is customary therefore to assume that all children of oue month old and under who are admitted to the various Convents (being brought there sick by poor people) and all young infants found dead in the streets, harbour, hillside, etc., by the police have been born in the Colony but not registered. By adding the number of such children to the number of registered births, it is assumed that a somewhat more correct number of births is obtained and from this is calculated a corrected birth rate.

The number of such children in 1915 was 508 males and 582 females, total 1,090 which being added to the registered births makes a total of 3,701 as compared with 3,968 in 1914. The corrected birth rate is therefore 869 while amongst the Chinese community alone the rate becomes 84 instead of 5'7 per 1,000.

The preponderance of male over female registered births is very marked amongst the Chinese, there being 201 males to every 100 females in 1914 the proportion was 188 to 100 and in 1913, 137 to 100. With the addition of the above mentioned 1,090 unregistered births the proportion becomes 152 males to 100 females.

In the Non-Chinese community the proportion of male births to female births for 1915 was 924 to 100 as compared with 117 to 100 in 1914 and 107 to 100 in 1913.

M 17

DEATHS.

The deaths registered during the year numbered 7,921 (9,585 in 1914 and 8,435 in 1913). The general death rate was therefore 18:59 per 1,000 as against 23:34 in 1914 and 21.16 in 1913.

The total number of deaths amongst the Chinese community was 7,723 which gives a death rate of 190 per 1,000 as against 23.88 in 1914 and 21·75 in 1913.

The deaths registered amongst the Non-Chinese community numbered 198 of which 172 were from the resident Civil population, 14 from the Army, 2 from the Navy, and 10 from foreign navies and the Mercantile Marine.

This gives a death rate for the Non-Chinese community generally of 9'4 per 1,000 as compared with 12'99 in 1914 and 109 in 1913, and for the Non-Chinese resident civil population (estimat- ing the mercantile population at 900) of 13 84 per 1,000 (17·85 in 1914).

The nationalities of the deceased were as follows:-British 47, Indian 46, Portuguese 42, Japanese 28. Malay 11, Filipino 5, American, Swiss, African, Brazilian, and Eurasian, 2 each, and 1 each of Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish, Italian, Spanish, Jewish, Peruvian, Parsee, and Annamite.

This gives a death rate of 6.2 per 1,000 for Europeans and Whites (7-9 in 1914), 85 per 1,000 for East Indians (13'6 in 1914), and 22.8 per 1,000 for races classed as Mixed and Coloured (187 in 1914).

Table I shows the numbers and causes of deaths registered during the year.

The following Table of population, births and deaths is given for the purpose of ready comparison with similar Tables given in the reports from other Colonies

Europeans

and

Whites.

Number of inhabitants in 1915 (estimated), exclusive of the New Territories, other than New Kowloon,

Number of Births in 1915,

8,890

138

of Deaths in

56

.

**

of Immigrants in 1915,

of Emigrants in

-

Increase, Decrease.

of inhabitants in 1914, 10,220

1,330

Africans.

East

Indians.

Chinese

and

•SĀV[B વૃક્

Mixed and

Coloured.

00

40

:

O

46

5,360407,424 2,432 7,734

4.193 425,870 91 2,611

83 7.921

109,753 68.275

:

5

2

650

6,010 590,420 17,004

4,055 410,710

138

17,142

...

1,982

Total.

M 18

There is an enormous passenger traffic between Hongkong and the mainland of China, the passenger figures for river steamers alone being as follows in 1915-

Arrivals 957,305;

Departures 1,003,755

Departures 271,382

While the figures for the Railway are :-

Arrivals 326,839;

The excess of immigrants and arrivals over emigrants and departures as shown above does not indicate a corresponding increase of the population of the Colony as there are other ways of entering and leaving the Colony of which returns are not available.

AGE DISTRIBUTION OF DEATHS.

The number of deaths of infants under one year of age was 2,497 or 316 per cent. of the total deaths as compared with 25 per cent. in 1914 and 286 per cent in 1913.

The infant mortality among the Non-Chinese community dur- ing the year was 111 per 1,000 as compared with 93 per 1,000 in 1914 and 156 per 1,000 in 1913.

Among the Chinese population the deaths of infants numbered 2,466 (2,367 in 1914) while only 2,332 Chinese births were registered. Taking the corrected Chinese birth figure to be 3,701 as explained above it would even then appear that over 66 per cent. of the Chinese born in the Colony die in infancy.

The last Census return (1911) showed 1,180 Chinese under one year of age in the Colony while between the ages of one and five years there were 24,738 children.

As it is usual for more infants to die than are registered as born in the Colony it is evident that many infants are brought into the Colony from the mainland of China.

DISEASES.

Respiratory Diseases.

The total number of deaths from these diseases for the year was 2,303 (2,252 in 1914) of which 49 were among the Non-Chinese community leaving 2,254 among the Chinese population; 615 out of this total occurred in infants under one year of age (621 in 1914).

Pulmonary tuberculosis and phthisis account for 819 deaths (769 in 1914) of which 786 were Chinese. Pneumonia caused 923 deaths (996 in 1914) of which 908 were Chinese. 476 of these deaths from pneumonia occurred in infants under one year of age (481 in 1914).

The death rate among the Chinese from respiratory diseases was 5'6 per 1,000 (56 per 1,000 in 1914 and 1913); that for phthisis alone was 18 per 1,000 as compared with 29 in 1914.

The deaths from pulmonary tuberculosis and phthisis amongst the Chinese were 101 per cent. of the total deaths amongst that community, as compared with 79 in 1914, 108 in 1913, and 81 in 1912; if other deaths from tuberculosis are included the total amounts to 1,116 or 144 per cent. of the total deaths amongst the Chinese (113 in 1914).

M 19

Nervous Diseases.

The number of deaths from these diseases for the year 1915 was 434 as compared with 606 in 1914, and 655 in 1913; of these 311 were of Chinese children under five years of age. The deaths of Chinese infants from tetanus and convulsions were 172 and from meningitis 17 as compared with 237 and 93 respectively in 1914.

It is most probable that the increased use of the Chinese Public Dispensaries by the poor people has chiefly contributed to the reduction of these figures.

Malarial Fever.

The total number of deaths from malarial fevers in 1915 was 366 as compared with 241 in 1914, 290 in 1913, and 432 in 1912, of which four were Non-Chinese.

Of these 362 Chinese deaths 157 occurred in the City of Vic- toria (73 in 1914), while there were 66 deaths in Kowloon (58 in 1914), 105 in the Villages of Hongkong (86 in 1914), and 24 in the Harbour (19 in 1914).

No. 1 Health District with 38 deaths was the most infected district of the City, while No. 9 Health District had 37 deaths.

Of the deaths which occurred in the villages 27 were at Shau- kiwan (21 from the land and six from the boat population) as compared with 19 in 1914; 46 at Aberdeen (23 from the land and 23 from the boat population as compared with 47 in 1914), and 32 at Stanley (20 in 1914).

The Stanley District contains the village of Tai Tam Tuk where are housed large numbers of workmen employed in water works construction.

The following Table shows the total deaths in the Colony from malaria during each of the past ten years:

Year.

Deaths in the City

(Chinese only)

Total Deaths.

1906,

134

448

1907,

138

579

1908,

133

499

1909,

123

422

1910,

282

591

1911,

176

338

1912,

214

432

1913,

110

290

1914,

73

241

1915,

157

366

Average

333

Average

507

M 20

The Police admissions to hospital for malaria for the past ten years are as follows:-

Year.

From the

From rest of

Average!

Percent-

Total.

Strength

the

of Police

age

of

Colony.

Colony.

Force.

Strength.

1906,

37

37

74

1.047

7

1907,

40

65

105

1,049

10

1908,

32

76

108

1.018

10

1909,

37

50

87

1,050

8

1910,

66

69

135

1,039

13

1911,

30

83

113

1,031

11

1912,

37

51

88

1,120

8

1913,

68

95

163

1,170

14

1914,

101

81

182

1,206

15

1915,

116

92

208

1,289

16

Average

12.9

Average

4.6

Beri-beri.

There were 398 deaths from this disease during the year (399 in 1914). Of these only 5 were Non-Chinese, riz., 3 Japanese and 2 Indian Foremen.

Infectious Diseases.

The total number of Infectious Diseases notified during the year was 507 (2,521 in 1914) of which 144 were plague cases.

Plague,

Peak.

Kowloon.

Harbour.

New Territories.

Villages of Hongkong.

No address.

. Imported.

Total, 1915.

Total, 1914.

The following Table shows the nature and distribution of these diseases :—

City of Victoria: Health Districts.

1

2

3

Co

4

5

6

CO

18 16 14

2

5

18

-

7 8 9

10

6

2 1 4

Co

2 16

15

:

26 2

1

00

8

83

$58

40

:.

:

14

I 21

:

:

:

:

:

10

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

2

2

:

13

ة

2

1

:

3

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

30

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1

2

4

:

Q

1 2

...

:

:

:

CO

:

:

:

Paratyphoid Fever,

...

:

Typhoid Fever,

Cholera,

Small-pox,

Diphtheria,

Puerperal Fever,

Scarlet Fever,.

Relapsing Fever,

Typhus Fever,

:

:

:

27

5

:

:

:

:

Co

3

5 144 2,146

21 31 198

2

ลง

140

ос

:

:

4

CO

1

:

20

- M 21-

3

9 17 19

KO

6

34 110

LO

2

2

86 78

:

17

18

:

1

7

1

1

1

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

M 22

Plague.

The incidence of this disease during 1915 was very slight there being only 144 cases as compared with 2,146 cases in 1914, 408 cases in 1913. and 1,847 cases in 1912.

All the cases were Chinese. 140 died giving a mortality rate of 97.2 per cent.

Seven of these cases were imported.

During the year 94,093 rats were caught or found dead in the City of Victoria and adjoining villages and 15,816 in Kowloon, a total of 109,909 as compared with 101,658 in 1914.

In the City 22 of these rats were found to be plague-infected i.e., 023 per cent.

In Kowloon 76 of the rats were found plague-infected, giving a percentage of 48.

Table III shows the monthly distribution of the plague-infected rats during the year.

Typhoid Fever.

The number of cases of this disease notified during the year was 198 as compared with 140 in 1914 and 201 in 1913. Thirty of these cases were imported.

The cases of European or American nationality were 36 (38 in 1914), Chinese 128, Portuguese 7, Japanese 13, Indian 12, and other Asiatics 2.

It has not been possible to definitely trace the source of in- fection in these cases nor the direct infection of one case from another.

The incidence of the disease has not been of the nature of a water-borne or milk-borne epidemic, but the disease may have been acquired by the eating of raw vegetables, grown by Chinese methods of manuring the plants, by eating uncooked shell fish such as oysters, and also by the contamination of food in houses by flies which have previously settled on excrement in the dry privies found in the yards of most houses.

Paratyphoid Fever.

This disease was first made notifiable in this Colony at the end of 1913, and during 1915 three cases were reported.

Two were European and one an American case. Two of the cases were imported and one died:

M 23

Cholera.

A slight epidemic of this disease occurred the infection being imported from the New Territories. Altogether 17 cases occurred of which 9 were imported. This disease has taken no serious hold in the populace in Hongkong since 1902 during a time of great shortage of water.

Small-pox.

During the year 34 cases of small-pox were notified (110 in 1914 and 111 in 1913) of which three were British, 2 Japanese, Filipino and the rest Chinese; 16 of the cases were imported. One British and two Japanese patients died, while 26 of the Chinese cases died.

The number of vaccinations for the year was 6,333 as compared with 8.897 in 1914 and 10,177 in 1913.

Diphtheria.

Eighty-six cases of this disease were notified during the year (78 in 1914). Two were imported cases. Of these 13 were amongst Europeans and Americans and 3 were of other Non- Chinese race, leaving 62 Chinese cases.

Fifty-five of the Chinese patients died.

Rabres.

No cases of this disease (which had been re-introduced into the Colony during 1914) occurred and the muzzling order for dogs was rescinded.

Pucrperal Fever.

Seventeen cases were notified (18 in 1914). Fourteeen of these were Chinese; 13 patients died.

The four Government midwives attended 552 cases (2,157 in 1914).

There were 7 cases of abortion, 8 still births, and no cases of puerperal fever.

Relapsing Fever.

Seven cases were notified. They all occurred amongst Indian troops. Five of the cases were imported.

Typhus Fever.

One imported case was notified. The patient, au European adult female, recovered.

M 24

INTERMENTS.

The following number of burials in the various cemeteries took place during the years 1914 and 1915-

General Cemeteries.

1914.

1915.

Colonial,

77

55

Roman Catholic,

1,274

945

Mohammedan,

84

51

Parsee,

4

1

Japanese,

15

28

Jewish,

Malay,

Total,

1,454

1,081

Chinese Cemeteries.

Mount Caroline,

563

480

Kai Lung Wan,

1,716

691

Tung Wa Hospital,

2,972

3,417

Protestant,

50

44

Eurasian,

6

3

Shakiwan,

174

33

Aberdeen,

200

209

Stanley,

42

46

Shek O,

2

Ma Tau Wai,.

36

Chinese Permanent Cemetery,

1

Lama Island,...

Au Pui Lung,

2.017

1,572

Sai Yu Shek,

94

110

Sai Yu Shek, (Christian),

15

9

Kowloon Tong,

156

100

Chai Wan,

14

9

Cheung Leung Tin,

3

1

Tai Shek Ku,

I

Total, ...

8,060

6,738

There were also 41 cremations namely, 16 at the Sikh Temple and 25 at the Japanese Crematorium.

DISINFECTING STATION.

During the year the Disinfecting Stations in Victoria and Kowloon dealt with 23,627 articles of clothing. bedding, etc. (81,454 in 1914).

The disinfecting apparatus in Victoria was in use on 160 days and that in Kowloon on 135 days.

In addition 7,311 articles were washed and 4 public vehicles disinfected.

1

M 25

PUBLIC BATH HOUSES.

The following table shows the number of persons who have used the four public bath houses in the City during the year :-

District.

1915.

1914.

Wanchai, (men only),

130,443

132,419

Pound Lane, (men and women),

175,580

169,160

Second Street, (men only),

56,149

71,960

Sheung, Fung Lane, (men and women), 30,574

31,600

Total,.

392,746

405,139

AMBULANCE SERVICE.

Ambulances can be procured at any time of the day or night from the Disinfecting Stations at Tai Ping Shan in Victoria and Yaumati in Kowloon (telephone numbers 363 in Victoria and K44 in Kowloon).

Ambulances are also obtainable in the City of Victoria from the Eastern and Western District Sanitary Offices.

At the above mentioned stations coolies for ambulance wore are available at any time.

There are many other places from which ambulances may be obtained on emergencies but as there are no coolies of the Sanitary Department stationed there it is necessary for the police to obtain volunteers or engage street coolies for the ambulances when required.

The following is a list of such places:--

1. In the City of Victoria :-

No. 1 Police Station.

The Recreation Ground, Happy Valley. The Seamen's Institute, Gresson Street. The City Hall.

The Post Office.

The Central Police Station.

The Fire Brigade Station, Queen's Road Central.

The New Western Market.

The Tung Wa Hospital.

The entrance gate to the Government Civil Hospital in

Queen's Road West.

The Cattle Depôt, Kennedy Town.

2. In Hongkong outside the City limits :-

Bay View Police Station.

Shaukiwan Police Station. Aberdeen Police Station. Stanley Police Station.

Pokfulam Police Station.

M 26

3. In Kowloon :

Water Police Station, Tsim Sha Tsui. Sham Shui Po Police Station. Kowloon City Police Station.

4. In the New Territories at Tai Po.

During the year 1915 the ambulances were used 467 times in Hongkong and 118 times in Kowloon.

ADULTERATION OF FOOD AND DRUGS.

Forty-five samples of fresh milk were taken for analysis during the year, none of which were found to be adulterated.

Four samples of bread were submitted for analysis and found genuine.

A number of tins of preserved milk and a small quantity of rice which had undergone decomposition were seized and condemned.

J. T. C. JOHNSON, F.R.C.S. (Ed.),

Principal Civil Medical Officer,

W. W. PEARSE, M.D., D.P.H.,

Medical Officer of Health.

——

M 27

Table I.-DEATHS REGISTERED IN THE COLONY OF HONGKONG DURING 1915.

1

:

:

:

:

3

2

1

:

:

:

:

:

CC

:

:

:

1

4

1

10

Phthisis & Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

Enteritis and Gastro- Enteritis.

Cirrhosis of Liver.

Peritonitis.

Nephritis.

Other causes.

Unknown.

All causes.

2

5 10

:

I-

1

12 22

3 1 4 58

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

22

:

:

:

:

i

6

CO

183

13

:

:

2

65

552 118 170 225| 30 | 174

28

76.623 429 456 21

86|986 100|1899

1

12

35 117 7 46 ]

1

9

62 125; 42

10

¦

1

B1105 871

27

82

61 29

91

42 188 198 68

12

X

304 80 1537

9

9

་པོ

16

27

33

20 35

I

27

:

:

:

:

~

...

3

2

6

24

:

24 272

102

39

:

:

:

:

Total, 1915,

29 11 104 65

11

58 222 139 366 11

7

313 19

124

]

683 350 209|398| 48 | 199131 923|819 606| 46

38

701538 319 7921

""

1914,

91

7438

16 | 106 | 197 (2020) 241 15

81 200

10106

4645 390|275|399| 36 |275| 160 996 769 397| 26

10

671481 426 9585

Victoria and

50

41

5

44 131

21157

Peak,

Harbour,.

13

2

8

24 19

Kowloon,

12

28

15

:

65

76

Chinese

Community,

Shaukiwan,.........

Aberdeen,....

3 2

23

Stanley,.....

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

➢ ➢ ༄ བ ོསྶ

4

40 286

70

1

9

4

66

3

17

21

N

21

T

21:

2

23 1

:

:

:

:

Civil

British and

Foreign

Army,

Community,

Navy,

January.

February.

M 28

Table II-CASES OF NOTIFIABLE DISEASES RECORDED IN EACH MONTH OF THE YEAR 1915.

Plague,

Typhoid Fever,

Paratyphoid Fever,

Europeans, Chinese, Others,

Europeans, Chinese, Others, Europeans, Chinese, Others,

..

Europeans,

Chinese,. Others, Europeans,

Chinese,

......

Cholera,

Small-pox,

Others,

1

Europeans,

3

Diphtheria,

Chinese,

10

Others,

Europeans,

Puerperal Fever.........

Scarlet Fever,...............

Relapsing Fever,

Typhus,........

Chinese,

Others,

Europeans,

Chinese, Others, Europeans, Chinese, Others, Europeans, Chinese, Others,

:::

March.

April.

May.

1

2

1

June.

July.

August.

September.

October.

November.

December.

15

6

42

31

16

144

2,074 57

2,146

...

2

7

3

4

3

3

36

38

II

11

19

18

15

13

128

198

92

140

3

5

F

4

34

ΟΙ

...

I

3

6

Total, 1915.

Total, 1914.

1

6

17

19

19

8

28

34

3

1

13

:|:22

7

102

110

30

6

8

10

70

86

47

78

3

1

1

2

2

2

1

2

14

17

17

18

Total for 1913,

26

Total for 1914, ..

83

225

82

43

28

62

58

58

43

36

51

67 291

969

892 265

82

40

འབ

36

34

26

17

21

:

:

:

507

I

7

1

2,521

30

8

!

M 29

Table III.

MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS

DURING THE YEAR 1915.

Mus Rattus..

Mus Decumanus,.......

Total infected rats,...!

:

CITY OF VICTORIA.

NO

10

12

8

OC

:

:

Total.

ཨརྦ།སྐུ

2

20

22

Human Cases of

Plague,

3

6 42 31

31

16

4

7

3 1

144

MONTHLY Distribution of PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS

DURING THE YEAR 1915.

KOWLOON.

Mus Rattus,

Mus Decumanus,..............

Total infected rats....

Human Cases of

Plague,

ཡ---

:

January.

February,

March.

:

:

:

April.

May,

...

3 3

11

3 3

2

:

June.

July.

August.

September.

October,

November.

2

1

:

CO

9

21 12 9

2

9

3223

23

B

9

3

*,10,000[

:

:

Total.

1

72

76

319

15

19 11

7

2

1

83

M 30

Annexe C.

REPORT BY ADAM Gibsox, Colonial Veterinary Surgeon.

GENERAL STATISTICS.

The total number of cattle admitted to the Government Depôts for the year was 37,226, an increase on the previous year of 3,967. In Kennedy Town 32,811 cattle were admitted, an increase of 3,166 on last year.

There were 22 cattle rejected alive as unfit for food against 46 in 1914. In Ma Tau Kok 4,415 were admitted against 3,614 in the previous year and 14 were rejected alive as unfit for food against 25 in 1914.

The total number of pigs admitted to Kennedy Town was 234,112 an increase on last year's total of 33,307.

The total number of sheep admitted to Kennedy Town was 24,779 a decrease on last year's total of 7,348.

The end of the year saw the re-opening on a small scale of the export trade in live cattle from Hongkong to Manila.

DISEASE IN DEPÔTS.

Rinderpest.

In the beginning of the year a few cases were imported but the disease never assumed any serious proportions.

Anthrax.

Only one case of anthrax was found during the year while in 1914 two cases were found and none in 1913.

Tuberculosis.

As in former years this disease was not found in native cattle but 15 cases, entailing total or partial destruction, were found ainong dairy cows sent in for slaughter. A few cases were sent direct to the Crematorium without passing through the Slaughter House.

Black Quarter.

Three cases were found and it is of interest that two of the cases occurred in adult bullocks neither of which was less than six years old.

M 31

KENNEDY TOWN CREMATORIUM.

The carcases destroyed in the Crematoriuun for the year were:-

Cattle,

Sheep and goats,

Swine,

Horses, -

67

37

254

40

294

Dogs and miscellaneous animal,

Condemned meat from the Slaughter House, - 7,315 lb.

Besides the above, 69 cart loads of old papers, books and mis- cellaneous goods from Government Offices and private firms were destroyed.

Under Government Notification No. 1 of 1910 the following fees were collected

68 large animals at $2.00 each,

48 small

1 Army mule

Bone ash sold,

0.50 3.00

-ཏྭཱ

Refund for fuel used in destroying

private papers, etc.,

Total,

$136.00

24.00

3,00

22.00

71.88

$276,33

The amount of coal used was 36 tons, 1 cwt., 82 lb.

SLAUGHTER HOUSE REVENUE.

Kennedy Town :-

Slaughtered.

1914.

1915.

Cattle (a. 40 e.,

29,050 - 11,620.00

Sheep (20 c.... 17,003 3.400.60

__

29,737 17,724

(.

11,894.80 3,544.80

211,16763,350,10

Swine (a 30 c.,.,178,901 - 53,670,30 Cattle and swine slaugh-

tered at Pokfulam,

Exported.

892.10

*

Cattle 50 c..

495 =

247.50

1803

90150

Sheep a 10 ..

11,627

1,462.70

TO. ISS

948.80

Swine ( 10

9,878

987.80

7,779

777.90

$72.281.00

$81,117.90

* The fees from Pokfulam arrived too late to be entered in 1915 revenue.

† 960 head of cattle were exported to Manila in 1914, the remainder to Macao, ships in harbour, etc.

Ma Tau Kok :---

Slaughtered.

M 32

191-1.

1915.

*

$3

3,592 1,436.80

Cattle @ 40 c.,

Sheep @ 20 e....

242

Outstanding tickets sold,

Swine @ 30 c.,... 40,205.-12,061.50

44

48.40

4,421

299=

1,768.40

59.80

43,872 = 13,161.60

160.20

63.80

$13.706.90

$15,053.60

Exported-Nil.

Increase on 1914,...

Sai Wan Ho (Contracted out.) :--

Swine,

1914.

$ ('.

5,760 1,980.00

Aberdeen (Contracted out.) :—

Swine,

1914.

3,270=

$

804.00

$1,346.70

1915.

('.

6,489 = 1,380.00

1915.

$ e.

3,366= 888.00

The total revenue, including contracts, from the Animal Depôts and Slaughter Houses is as follows:--

Kennedy Town, Fees,

Ma Tau Kok, Fees,

Kennedy Town, Blood and Hair Contract,..

Ma Tau Kok

Sai Wan Ho. Slaughtering Contract,

Aberdeen

13

་་

1914.

1915.

$72,281.00

$81,417.90

13,706.90

15,053.60

7,404.00

6,600.00

1,296.00

1,104.00

1,980.00

1,380.00

804.00

888.00

$97,471.90 $106,443.50

$ 8,971.60

Increase on 1914,..

The following table shows the number of animals slaughtered in all Slaughter Houses during the past ten years :—

Year.

Cattle.

1906,

27,141

1907,.

27,631

1908.

1909,.

29,612 30,848

1910,

1911,.

30.504 30,371

1912,

33,761

1913,..

37.909

1914,

32,642

1915,.

34,158

ərdən y

Average

for 5 years, for 5 years,

33,768.

29,147.

Sheep and

Goats.

16,403

18,279

18.104

17,855

17.439

17,671 18,177

17,586

17,245

17,966

17,616.

Average

Average

for 5 years, for 5 years,

17,729.

Swine.

206,586

206,124

185,231

182,791

223,705

227,597 242,956

244,609

228,136

264,894

Average

Average

for 5 years, for 5 years, 241,638. 200,887.

One outbreak of Long but the disease the reports came in.

M 33

NEW TERRITORIES,

disease among cattle was reported from Un seemed to have stopped about the time that The cause of the deaths was unknown and only a few eattle seemed to have suffered.

GRASS SUPPLY FOR GOVERNMENT BULLOCKS,

Practically no more land was brought under cultivation in Kennedy Town. The total amount of grass cut was 200 tons 13 cwt. or 40 tons 4 cwt. less than last year. A piece of the land on the hillside forming part of an old Chinese Cemetery was given back to the Tung Wa Hospital Authorities and this will somewhat reduce next year's output of grass from Kennedy Town. The middle of the summer was very dry and the rains came too late to get the full benefit of them. In Kowloon a fresh portion of land beside the Orient Tobacco Factory was broken in and planted with guinea grass and it is anticipated that Kowloon will be able next year to spare grass for Hongkong. A level area alongside the Yaumati- Kowloon City Road was also tried but the ground was badly drained and the grass got waterlogged and died off and the area had to be abandoned except for grazing purposes.

EXPORT OF LARD 10 THE PHILIPPINES,

The factorics erected at Ma Tau Kok and Kennedy Town by Chinese lard makers have continued to manufacture lard and dried meats. The dried meats consist of sausages and dried bacon (臘腸臘肉)

The following are the figures for the Philippines:-

Lard, .. Dried Meats,

1912. 1,199,342

1913. 840,917

1914.

1,050,959

81,084 75,592 59,181

1915. 1,040,055 lb. 69,741 b.

In addition to the above amounts shipped by these factories to the Philippines, there is also a fairly big business done with Mexico and Peru. The shipment of lard to Britain noted in 1914 has not developed nor has a tentative shipment to Australia in 1915 been productive of regular business.

IMPORTATION AND EXPORTATION OF FROZEN MEAT.

The Dairy Farm Company were the only importers of frozen meat. The amount imported was 76,403 lb. of beef and 209,238 Hb. of mutton both from Australia.

The same company also exported locally slaughtered meat to the amount of 582,670 ib, of Leaf, 27,718 lb. of mutton, and 10,978 lb. of pork all to Manila.

RABIES.

The last case cccurred early in July and at the end of the year the muzzling order was withdrawn. This order, combined with the destruction of all stray and ownerless dogs, was carried out by the Police with thoroughness and has had the effect of clearing the Colony of this disease.

MARKETS.

The following statement shows the Revenue derived from Markets :-

Markets.

1902-1911

(average for

1912

1913.

1914.

1915.

10 years).

"'.

('.

C.

Central Market,.

Hunghom Market,

50,347.81

2,893.21

60,850 80

60 199 20

60,340.20

60,457,80

3.756.50

3,746.50

3,831.40

4,147.30

Mong Kok Tsui Market,

982.14

1,050 00

1,159.80

1,259.90

1,234,00

Sai Wan Ho Market,.

1,848.20

1,698.80*

1,823.5)

2,274.80

2.255.20

Sai Ying Poon Market,..

12,433.60

14,781.60

14,806.00

14,955.10

15,919.10

Shek Tong Tsui Market,

Shaukiwan Market,

So Kon Po Market, Tai Kok Tsui Market, Tsim Sha Tsui Market,.

Wan Chai Market,.

Western Market, (North Block),

1,122.70

2,036.00

2,015,60

2,036.30

2,135.00

579.76

848.10

853.20

853.20

876.90

1,286.67

1,449.30

1.482.00

1,479.00

1,462.80

533.62

620.80

611.80

632.40

630.00

1,146.20

3,963.60

3,963,00

4,243.70

4.324.30

3,766.21

4,770.50

4,861.20

4,861.20

4,861.20

11,174.23

15,288.20

18,239.70

18,893.10

18,960.00

Western Market, (South Block),

Yaumati Market,

Aberdeen Market,

22,503.70

22,623.20

20,260.40

30,185.00

27,867.70

6,164.09

7.938.50

9,149.30

10,324.40

10,162.20

387.00

496.00

464.20

474.70

Canal Road, (opened April, 1913),

Praya East, (opened September, 1913),

Reclamation Street, (opened December, 1913),

Staunton Street,.

Tai Hang, (opened 1st October, 1914),

387.00

516.00

516.00

194.60

683.00

429.10

1,821.50

3,606.30

2,871.20

162.00

670.50

714.40

1,121.30

:

351.30

...

1,401.40

Total,..

-

[

M 34 -

116,788.17 112,224.90 148,845.10 162,504.90 162,110.50

M 35

Annexe D.

CIVIL HOSPITAL

REPORT BY Dr. W. V. M. Kocu, Superintendent.

CHANGES IN THE STAFF.

Sisters Craddock, Bone, and Astin resigned from the service.

Wardmaster Leigh was recalled to the Colours, Wardmaster Kille went on leave and joined the R.A.M.C., and Wardmaster Grant resigned the service. Wardmasters Wong and Kong were appointed.

The Matron, Miss Maker, went on leave, and Sister Jacobs was also granted leave of absence.

The Honorary Visiting Surgeon, Mr. Lobb, resigned on June 30, on quitting the Colony, and Mr. Digby was appointed to succeed him.

STATISTICS.

The total number of admissions was 3,085 as against 2,742 in 1914. In the out-patient department 14,499 prescriptions were dispensed as against 13,828, and 170 vaccinations were performed as against 200.

The average daily number of sick was 102, as against 86-76.

The following tables are attached :--

1. Admissions and Deaths under respective Diseases. 2. Yearly Admissions for Malaria from each Police Station. 3. Number and Class of Patients admitted during the last

ten years, and deaths.

Women and Children.-There were 417 women admitted as compared with 328 in 1914 with a death rate of 8 per cent., and 176 children with a death rate of 10 per cent., as against 107.

Deaths. The deaths numbered 155, making a percentage of

5, as against 194 and a percentage of 7·1 in 1914. 72 occurred within 24 hours of admission.

Of these deaths

Nationality of Patients admitted.-Europeans 479 as against 620, Indians and Coloured 800 as against 789, Asiatics 1,806 as against 1,333. The death rate was-Europeans 2:3 per cent., Indians 1.7 per cent., Asiatics 7.2 per cent.

M 36

-

DISEASES,

The most prevalent diseases were :—

Increase

OF

1915. 1914.

Decrease.

Malarial fever,-

384

324

+60

Typhoid fever, Beri-beri,

Dysentery,

Tubercle,

54

16

+38

45

45

41

35

+6

114

74

+40

Diphtheria,

14

15

1

Rheumatism, -

67

SO

-13

Respiratory system,

184

200

- 16

Digestive system,

279

268

+11

Injuries,-

587

530

+57

The largest number of deaths occurred in the following

diseases:

Typhoid fever,

Tubercle,

Digestive system,

Urinary Injuries,

-

"

9

20

14

8

43

New Growths. Among the cases of malignant disease under treatment were the following:

Cancer of Uterus, 3 cases (aged 57, 41 and 34).

of Neck, 3 cases (C.M. 60, C.F. 45, C.F. 42 recurrent).

Epithelioma of Scrotum, 1 case (C.M. 69).

Malignant Glands of Neck, 2 (C.M. 53, C.M. 49).

Disease of Ovary, 1 (C.F. 26).

Sarcoma of Scapula, 1 (recurrent, C.M. 30).

""

.

Peritoneum, 1 (C.F. 20).

Subconjunctival, 1 (C.F. 18).

Parotid, 3 (C.M. 36, C.F. 21, C.F. 45).

Eyeball, 1 (C.M. 5).

Thigh, 1 (C.M. 29).

Abdominal Wall, 1 (C.M. 59).

Breast-Scirrhus Cancer, 2 (C.F. 38, C.F. 57). Epithelioma of Foot, 2 (C.M. 50, C.M. 17).

>>

Penis, 2 (C.M. 49, C.M. 56).

Bladder, 1 (C.M. 40).

Rectum, 1 (Portuguese M. 61).

Melanoma, 1 (C.M. 57).

M 37-

Fractures :-The following were treated :—

Skull,

22, with 12 deaths.

Thigh,-

Leg,

Arm,

Forearm,

Clavicle,

Jaw,

8

8, with 1 death.

5

4

1

5, with 2 deaths.

Spine-fracture dislocation, -

4, with 1 death.

Pelvis,-

5, with 4 deaths.

Patella

3

Radius alone,

2

Tibia alone,

Os Calcis,

2

Colles' fracture,

I

Both wrists,

1, died.

Olecranon,

1

Phalanges,

6

Nasal bones,

1

Malarial Fever.-There were 384 cases under treatment, an increase of 60 over the previous year; while in 1914 there was also an increase of 70 cases over those in the previous year.

Typhoid Fever-There was a large increase in the number of cases under treatment 54 as compared with 16 in the previous year. The death rate was high, 9, making a percentage of 166. One case died of meningitis, and two from hæmorrhage.

Operations.-There were 99 cases done under anæsthetics. Of the major operations there were laparotomies 8, (exploratory 2, for acute obstruction by bands 1, for wounds of intestine 4, for per- forated typhoid ulcer 1); amputations 9 (arm 1, forearm 2, wrist 1. fingers 2, foot 1. toes 3); fractures 10 (plating femur 1, wiring femur 1. wiring patella 2, wiring olecranon 1. plating leg 1, for elevation of depressed fractures of skull 4); appendix abscess 3; appendicectomy 8; ovarian tumours 4; hernia, radical cure 5; colostomy for cancer of rectum 1; amputation of breast 1; abscess of liver 2; prostatectomy 1; vesical calculus 1; hæmorrhoids 11; fistula in ano 4; ischio rectal abcess 2; varicose veins of leg 4: cæsarean section 1; tracheotomy 2.

MATERNITY HOSPITAL.

There were 276 admissions as against 261, two patients remain- ing over from the previous year (European). Of these 129 were free patients, and the remainder were paying patients. European patients numbered 62, of whom 19 belonged to the Garrison (as against 39 the previous year).

M 38

There were 112 male infants born, and 84 female infants—the still births numbered 16. There were breech cases 11, ROA 16, ROP 2--the remainder were LOA. Forceps were put on 6 times, craniotomy done twice, turning twice. Twins occurred once, male and female.

There were 6 deaths-two from exhaustion after operative in- terference (forceps), one after craniotomy, one from ruptured uterus (which occurred before admission), one from eclampsia, and one from puerperal fever.

POLICE.

The strength of the Force was 1,064 in 1915 consisting of Europeans 164, Indians 458, and Chinese 442.

Admissions. There were 731 cases under treatment as against 728--Europeans 102, Indians 477, and Chinese 152.

Sick Rate:-

Europeans, Indians,

Chinese,

62 per cent. as against 95 104

""

34

93

18

Discases. The chief diseases were :--

Malarial fever,

208 as against 197 cases.

48

21

""

78

""

21

Digestive diseases,

39

Respiratory diseases,

Rheumatism,

56

27 cases.

Typhoid fever,

4

1

Diseases of the cellular tissue,

22

21

Injuries,

41

as against 85.

Malaria. There were 23 Europeans attacked, making 14 per cent. as compared with 97 last year: 128 Indians making 28 per cent. (32.3 per cent. last year); Chinese 40 making 95 per cent. as against 3.9.

Invaliding.-One Chinese and four Indians were invalided during the year.

Deaths.-Amounted to 10:-

Europeans 3,-(septicemia from wound inflicted by a tiger:

alcoholism; and acute oedema of lungs).

Indians 4, (typhoid fever; pneumonia (2); and pyæmic

abscesses of liver).

Chinese 3, (Pulmonary tuberculosis; beri-beri; and fractured

pelvis).

Mortality Rate:--

Europeans, Indians,

M 39

Chinese,

12 per cent. as against 17

0.9 0.7

1:03

32

1.14

"

多多

GAOL STAFF.

There were 81 admissions as against 82 last year.

no deaths and no invalidings.

SANITARY STAFF.

There were

There were 35 admissions as against 27-two deaths and no invalidings.

Diseases.

GENERAL DISEASES.

M 40

Tab

Diseases and Deaths in 1915 at the

Remain- ing in Hospital

at end of 1914.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Yearly Total. Total

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Cases Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1915,

Small-pox,

Measles,

Typhus, Mumps,

Dengue,

Influenza,

Diphtheria,

Febricula,

Enteric Fever,

Cholera,

Dysentery,

Blackwater Fever,

Plague,

14

8

:40

14

8

5

1

6

1

13

14

3

25

25

1

3

51

54

7

40

41

1

21

2

1

Malarial Fever:

1. Quartan,.

3

2. Simple Tertian,

107

107

3. Malignant,

251

1

257

Chronic Malaria,

17

17

Chronic Malarial Poisoning,

Malarial Cachexia,..

Beri-beri,.....

44

Puerperal Fever,

4

Septicæmia,

4

+42

45

2

:

2

1

Trismus,

1

Tubercle,

109

20

114

6

Leprosy, Purpura,

1

1

Parotitis Epidemic,

Pulmonary Phthisis,

Whooping Cough,

Syphilis,

11

(a) Primary,

(b) Secondary,

(c) Tertiary,

(d) Inherited,

Gonorrhoea,

Hæmophilia,

Alcoholism,

Rheumatism,

co:

3

Carried forward,.. 29

954 55

982

32

5

5

21

21

38

38

3

3

的戀心店

49

2

]

52

64

Disco 3

53

3

52

67

1

2

-

-::

le I.

Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

M 41

Remain- ing in Hospital

Yearly Total. Total

C'ases

at end Admis-

of 1914.

sions. Deaths. Treated.

Remain- Remain-

ing in

ing in Hospital Hospital at end at end of 1915, of 1914.

Yearly Total.

Total

Cases

Admis- sions.

Deaths, Treated.

Remain-

ing in Hospital at end

of 1915.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

1

24

1

24

3

30

31

5

6

:

:

:

10

10

21

22

1:2

10

10

:

نت

-6

16

:

3

3

4

50

54

1

Ι

99

100

1

w:

ය:::

Diseases.

+

M 42

Table I,-

Diseases and Deaths in 1915 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital

at end Admis- of 1914.

sions.

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

Cases

ing in Hospital

Deaths.

Treated.

at end of 1915.

Brought forward,........

29

954

55

982

32

GENERAL DISEASES,—Continued.

Rheumatoid Arthritis,

Gout,

New Growth, Non-malignant,

20

20

New Growth, Malignant,

42

42

2

Anæmia,

16

16

Purpura,

1

1

Debility,

44

44

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System:-

Neuritis,

Meningitis,

Myelitis,

Tabes Dorsalis,

Functional Nervous Disorders:

Apoplexy,

Paralysis,..

Epilepsy,

Neuralgia,

Neurasthenia,

Hysteria,....

Insomnia.....

Mental Diseases :—

Idiocy,

Mania,

Melancholia,

Dementia,

Delusional Insanity,

G. P. I.,

Diseases of the Eye,

""

""

*

>>

1

2

*0 00 00

ས::

w

1

...

3

10

1

8

39

1

i

3

Ear,

Nose,....

Circulatory System,...

::ཡེ:::

68

25

25

Carried forward...................

35

1,262

69 1,296 41

M 43

(Continued).

Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain-

ing in Hospital

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

at end of 1914.

Admis-

sions,

Deaths, Treated.]

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1915.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1914.

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

Cases

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Treated

ing in Hospital at end of 1915.

50

4

54

1

99

1

100

]

2

:

2

Go

2

N:

::

::

:

1

:

:

w: Ni

1

2

4

...

1

1

4

...

...

7

4

67

4

71

1

2

119

121

ta

Diseases.

M 44

Brought forward, ...

LOCAL DISEASES,- Continued.

Diseases of the Respiratory System,

"

""

""

22

77

""

AA

A

""

""

""

"}

72

23

29

""

وو

Digestive System, Cancer,....

Lymphatic System,... Urinary System, Generative System,... Male Organs,

Female Organs,

Organs of Locomotion, Cellular Tissue,

Skin,

>2

"

Miscarriage, Injuries, General,

Table I,-

Diseases and Deaths in 1915 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Remain-

ing in Hospital

Yearly Total. Total

Remain-

Cases

at end Admis- of 1914.

sions.

Deaths. Treated.

ing in Hospital at end of 1915.

35 1,262 691,296

41

No co co w

181

5 184

2

270

14 279

4

8883

73

::

73

1

39

40

1

95

98

2

31

33

2

17

17

10

5

161

3

166

39

40

1

18

569

43

587

21

Local,

...

""

Surgical Operations,

Malformations,

Poisons,

10

34

CO

10

6

34

༤ག

Poisons, (lodine),

Chronic opium habit,.

Snake Bite,..

2

2

Parasites,

69

70

Effects of Heat,

35

36

Immersion,

5

5

Vaccinal Fever,

I

Malingering,

2

Abortion,

Puerperium,

3

1

Pregnancy,

Starvation,

2

Nil, ...

Under Observation,

Observation-certified mentally sound,

In Attendance,

1

27

28

...

48

48

2

30

30

1

Total,....

80

3,005

155 3,085

89

-

M 45

(Continued).

Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

Yearly Total. Total

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1914,

A dmis- sions.

Cases

Deaths. Treated-

:-

:

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain-

ing in Hospital at end of 1915.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Yearly Total. Total

at end of 1914.

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Cases Treated.

67

4

71

1

119

1

121

22

:

.

6

1

23

2

2

2220

70

2

1

1

1

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1915,

720

:

21

5

72

2

9

9

1

18

19

1

3

3

2

2

2

2

:

3

23

23

10*

10*

...

2

2

:

:

98

:

5

4

33

33

:

102

:

5

151

5

159

1

10

374

4 384

10

* Not counted in total as the disease for which operation is undertaken is already

mentioned.

M 46

Table II.-Showing prevalence of Malarial Fever in the different Police Stations during 1915.

Station.

No. of Cases.

Percentage

Increase or Decrease

to

over 1914.

Strength.

Central,

No. 2,

""

7,

8, Aberdeen, Stanley, Shaukiwan,.

96

21.0

9

150

11

13.6

6.0

17.0

80.0

18.0

1 + + + 1 + !

}

+

1.0

6.0

5.4

6.0

7.0

+ 35.5

2.0

Shek O.

Gough Hill,

18.0

Tai O,....

0

Water Police,

26.0

+ 23.0

Yaumati,...

4.3

+

2.2

Kowloon City,

1

6.0

6.0

Hung Hom,

1

5.0

Sham Shui Po,

10.0

20.0

Tai Po,

9

56.0

69.0

Sha Tau Kok,

38.0

+

2.0

Ping Shan,

23.5

21.5

San Tin,

61.5

+ 23.0

Sheung Shui,

11.0

+ 7.0

Au Tau,

33.3

+ 25.5

Tsun Wan,

1

11.0

+

1.0

Tung Chung,

80.0

+ 60.0

Sai Kung,

20.0

+ 7.5

Cheung Chau,

7.0

+

7.0

Sha Tin,

12.5

+

1.5

Kennedy Town,

Tai Tam,

22.3

77.7

Tsat Tsz Mui,

1

16.0

66.4

Total,.........

208

19.6

+ 15.0

Table III.-Number and Class of Patients admitted during the past ten years and the Deaths.

Class of Patients.

1906.

1907. 1908.

1909.

1910.

1911.

1912.

1913.

1914.

1915.

Police,...

742

776

660

633

613

519

657

771

728

731

Paying Patients,

720

762

724

659

591

631

735

667

723

749

Government Servants,

339

367

315

250

352

188.

219

257

312

274

Police Cases,

307

318

285

287

432

313

380

370

283

352

Free,

637

188

543

555

674

719

710

728

696

979

Total,..

2,745

2,711 2,527

2,384

2,662

2,370

2,731

2,793

2,742

3,085

P

Total Deaths,...

167

170

157

131

147

173

194

178

194

155

Percentage,.

6:0

6.2

6.2

5.4

5.6

7:3

7.1

6 1

7.1

5:0

- M 47 -

M 48

Annexe E.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN AND CHILDREN.

REPORT BY DR. J. T. C. JOHNSON, Principal Civil Medical Officer.

Staff. Dr. Johnson was in charge during the year; six of the Nursing Sisters and one of the Nurses of the Medical Department were on duty for varying periods of time.

The Buildings were maintained in a good condition.

Admissions.-155 patients were admitted as compared with 158

in 1914.

Deaths.---Four occurred from the following causes :-

Enteric fever,-

Septicemia,

Pulmonary phthisis,

Cancer of stomach,

-

1

Malarial Fever. Twenty-nine cases were admitted of which twenty-two were due to the aestivo-autumnal parasite, and seven were cases of chronic malarial poisoning.

The following operations were performed -

Curetting,

Fractures,

Circumcision,

Appendicitis,

1

Opening of abscess,

1

M 19

Annexe F.

LUNATIC ASYLUM.

REPORT BY DR. W. B. A. MOORE, Medical Officer.

During the year there were 201 patients under treatment (187 in 1914).

125 cases were brought in by the Police (103 in 1914).

There were 22 paying patients (34 in 1914).

The deaths numbered 4 being 199 per cent. under treatment (802 %) in 1914.

Europeans.

Indians,

Chinese,

Table I.

Nationality and Sex of Patients treated in 1915.

Other Nationalities, ...

Remain-

ing at Admit-

Remain-

end of ted.

Total number treated.

Dis- charged.

ing at

Died.

end of

1914.

1915.

M. F.

F. M. F.

M. F. M. F. M. F.

M.

F.

1 13

-K

18 5

10

N"

0 8

O

8 0 5

0

2

96 60

98 61 97 55

1

5 0

5

0

Total.

9

6122 64 131 70

60 3

1 11

9

>

Diseases.

M 50

Table II.

Return of Diseases and Deaths in 1915.

Remaining in Hospital

Yearly Total.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Alcoholism,

Sub-Tertian Malaria,

Remaining

Total Cases in Hospital

at end of

Treated.

1914.

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Dis- harged

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous

System :-

SUB-SECTION II.

Functional Nervous

orders:

Epilepsy,

SUB-SECTION III.

I

8

30 -

Dis-

1

сс

at end of

1915.

:

Mental Diseases :-

Imbecility,

N

3

1

General Paralysis of the

Insane,

3

1

3

2

Mania,

4

86

2

78

90

10

Melancholia,

3

9

10

Dementia,

1

1

4

9

1

Delusional Insanity,..

I

2

2

Under Observation,

72

73

73

:

Total, 1915,......

13

1914,.

15.

186

18

169

45

177

201

20

157

187

15

M 51

Annexe G.

INFECTIOUS DISEASES HOSPITALS, KENNEDY TOWN.

By Dr. C. W, MCKENNY, Medical Officer in Charge. Buildings. No structural additions or changes have been made.

Staff. No changes have taken place.

Five cases of small-pox were admitted as compared with eight

in 1914.

The first case was admitted on the 11th of January and the last patient was discharged on the 8th of June.

The longest period of treatment was 40 days. This patient recovered.

The shortest period was 7 days with a fatal result.

Nationalities of patients.-English 3, Japanese 1, Filipino 1. Two patients died. They were children and unvaccinated.

The following table shows the relationship between vaccination and the virulence of small-pox.-

Rash.

Result.

Patient.

Confluent. Discrete. Cured.

Died.

Unvaccinated,.....

2

Vaccinated in child-

hood,

1

1

Multiple

vaccina-

tions,

1

1

10

TUNG WA SMALL-POX BRANCH HOSPITAL (CHINESE). Buildings.--The buildings have been well maintained.

Electric light and telephone service have been installed.

Staff. This has remained as heretofore.

2

A

M 52

Seven cases were admitted. Six of these were small-pox and one proved, on observation, not to be suffering from that disease.

The following gives a summary of the results obtained :

Rash.

Result.

Patient.

Confluent. Discrete. Cured.

Died.

Unvaccinated....

Vaccinated,......

1

1

3

2

1

1

M 53

Annexe H.

VICTORIA GAOL.

REPORT BY DR. C. W. MCKENNY, Medical Officer.

Buildings.-The buildings have been maintained in good sanitary condition. The printing shop has been enlarged and its lighting and ventilation have been much improved.

A more modern sanitary bucket has now, to a large extent, replaced the former pattern.

Special inspections.--In addition to the ordinary medical in- spection of all prisoners, special inspections are made of those prisoners who are allotted to the cooking and washing departments. The object of this is to ensure that not only shall each prisoner be personally fit for the work undertaken but also unlikely to spread disease.

Staff and routine.-No changes have been made.

Health of the prisoners.-This can readily and justly be estimated by considering the following facts :--

(1) Number of deaths.

Four deaths from disease took place. The causes were as

follows:-

Phthisis, Pneumonia,

Beri-beri,..

2

1

1

During the last ten years the highest death rate occurred in 1906, when it was nineteen. The present number is the lowest. The average annual death rate for the period is 10‘3.

(2) Prisoners liberated for medical reasons.

Nine prisoners were so discharged for the following reasons:-

Insanity,

Leprosy, Dysentery,

Beri-beri,

5

2

1

1

The annual average number of prisoners so treated during the past decade was 155. The lowest number occurred this year and the highest (23) in 1909.

(3) Occurrence of certain specific diseases.

Typhoid Fever-Three cases were admitted with no death. This small figure is of importance as among a population such as is found in the gaol or indeed among any large body of persons, living

M 54

together in close association, the absence or presence of typhoid fever may be considered-perhaps more than that of any disease-as a standard by which to judge sanitation.

one

Dysentery. Ten cases were treated with no death (19 in 1914). Several of these cases were of the chronic type and resistant to treatment but for the most part the administration of Ipecacnanha (usually in the form of its chief alkaloid Emetine) gave excellent results.

Beri-beri.--Thirteen cases were treated with one death. Of these seven were of the chronic type and were on the out-patient list. Six showed more acute symptoms and were detained in hospital for varying periods. Almost all these patients were suffer- ing from the disease when admitted to gaol.

Pulmonary phthisis. --There were fifteen cases with two deaths.

Whenever the more urgent symptoms of the disease allow, these patients are located in a special party. In this the work performed is suitable to their physical condition and they are separated from the other prisoners. The results of treatment, which is rather dietetic and hygienic than medicinal, are satisfactory when account is taken not only of the nature of the malady but also of the class of the patients and their surroundings.

Malaria.-Thirteen patients suffering from this disease were admitted with no deaths. Ten of these showed the aestivo-autumnal and three the chronic or cachectic type of malaria.

The annual average number of cases during the past ten years was 22.3. The highest figure, which occurred in 1907, was 56. The lowest, in 1911, was 3.

Influenza.-Thirty-five cases were treated with no death.

It was a mild attack and its chief incidence took place in June and July. Fortunately it was mostly confined to those prisoners in one block of the prison.

Skin diseases.-There were 44 admissions under this head of which scabies represented 40%. It is interesting to note that skin disease accounts for 26% of the total cases in the hospital and out- patient department. A large proportion of these are infected before arrival in gaol.

Opium habit.--154 patients were treated whose symptoms were due to the use of opium in some form. No deaths took place. 26% of the total hospital admissions were thus formed.

Provided that the individual's period of incarceration is suffi- ciently long, i.e., from six weeks to three months and that he is not suffering from some other serious malady, it is usual for the prisoner to leave gaol physically (if not morally) capable of resisting the desire for the drug.

1

(4) Female prisoners.

M 55

There were 188 female prisoners admitted during the year. The average weekly number was 29.

With the exception of two patients suffering from phthisis, there were no cases of serious illness or death. Twenty-six prisoners in all received treatment.

(5) General Statistics.

The total admissions to Victoria Gaol were 4,179 (4,050 in 1914).

The daily average number of prisoners was 593 (601 in 1914).

It will thus be seen that, though there was an increased total admission of prisoners, the daily average was slightly decreased,

The total admissions to the gaol hospital were 365 (483 in 1914). This does not take into account nine prisoners who were admitted for observation but eventually considered to be free from disease.

The total number of persons who received treatment at the out- patient department was 1,294 (2,348 in 1914)*.

There was a daily average attendance in the out-patient depart- ment of 79 (83 in 1914).

The hospital showed the same daily average attendance as in 1914, i.e., 13.

The average duration of hospital treatment was 116 days.

Vaccinations.--2,073 prisoners were vaccinated during the year. Of this number 756 were successful, 601 were unsuccessful and 716 were not examined owing to early discharge from gaol on the ex- piration of their sentence.

Surgical operations.-Ten operations were performed during the year.

* These figures do not take into account 743 patients of whom 253 were observed and found to be malingering, 409 were suffering trom trivial ailments and only received one dose of medicine and 79 had one or more teeth extracted but were treated in no other way. The figures for 1911 ate not exclusive of these.

M 56 --

Rates of Sickness and Mortality.

Total Number of :-

Number of: --

Daily Average

Rate per cent. of :—

Prisoners Admitted to Gaol.

Admissions to

Hospital.

Out-Patients.

Deaths due

to Disease.

Prisoners in Gaol.

Sick in Пospital.

Out-Patients.

Admissions to Hos-

pital to Total

Admissions to Gaol.

Daily Average in

Hospital to Daily Average of Prisoners.

Daily Average of Prisoners coming to Out-patient De- partment to Daily Average of Prisoners.

Deaths due to Dis-

case to Total Ad- missions to Gaol.

1914, 4,050|483 | 2,348

5601 13:36 8384 11·92 '

1915, 4,179 365 1,294

4593 13-01, 79-9

8.73

2.1

22

13.8

0.12

134

60.0

M 57

Annexe I.

KOWLOON AND THE NEW TERRITORIES.

REPORT BY DR. W. J. WOODMAN, Medical Officer.

The number of cases treated at the Government Dispensary, Kowloon, shows a slight decrease on last year, but this is more than accounted for by a decrease of about 200 in the examinations required on engaging new men for the staff of the railway and by a large decrease in the number of prophylactic injections of quinine owing to the decrease of malaria amongst the staff in the New Territories.

At the Public Mortuary, Kowloon, 980 autopsies were performed. The decrease was entirely due to the comparative absence of plague and small-pox. (A statistical report of the work is attached.)

During the year 15,892 rats were examined and of these 76 were found to have plague; this is a large decrease on last year when 181 were found to be infected.

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY.

The health of the staff both European and Asiatic has been very good throughout the year.

Malaria has been of much less frequent occurence; Tai Po and Fan Ling Stations as usual furnishing the larger number of

cases.

The treatment of malaria has been entirely by quinine mixture or injection as the provision of pills for the Chinese staff seems to have little or no effect.

There were no cases of plague or small-pox amongst the staff.

Leave of absence on account of sickness was granted on 157 occasions mostly for malaria or minor injuries.

The medicine chests have been kept supplied during the year and the Dispensary at Tai Po with a Chinese dispenser in charge is still in use.

During the year one fatal accident was reported to me and one passenger died suddenly at Kowloon Station.

KOWLOON AND NEW TERRITORIES.

There were fewer cases of plague and small-pox in the district this year; no cases at all occurred amongst Government officials.

M 58

The death rate from consumption is very high, being about 23 per cent. of the total number of deaths (exclusive of plague), and this seems to be a fairly constant figure for the whole of the Kowloon district as not only the deaths registered at the Yaumati Police Station but also the returns from the four Chinese Dispensaries show an almost similar percentage. Beri-beri accounts for about 8 per cent. Malaria in Yaumati has more than doubled this year; only 21 cases were registered there last year but 46 this year.

The public vaccinator at Sheung Shui performed 505 successful vaccinations and 156 were done at the Kowloon Dispensary. Eight bodies were sent to the Mortuary which had died of small-pox, while forty-nine such bodies were received in the preceding year.

The Government Dispensary at Tai Po Market treated 307 cases and the Railway Dispensary at Tai Po 327; nearly all these cases are malaria, skin disease, or minor injuries.

At the island of Kat ( there was an outbreak of cholera, causing 30 deaths, during the end of September and the early part of October. The disease was probably introduced from the coast of China.

There have been very few cases of zymotic disease and no epidemics.

The Kowloon British School has been visited regularly and the health of the childern reported on; defective teeth and adenoids were the principal ailments. Some sanitary improvements have been effected during the year.

POLICE FORCE.

The health of the Police force has been satisfactory and the stations on the mainland and islands have been visited at different times. Two cases of enteric fever have been brought to my notice, one on No. 4 Police Launch and one at Ping Shan. The latter station had been visited only a few days previously and certain recommendations made with regard to the water supply.

KOWLOON DISPENSARY.

At the Kowloon Dispensary 5,353 cases were seen, 90 physical examinations made for the Railway Department, and 156 successful vaccinations performed. Last year the figures were 5,327, 280, and 135 respectively.

1914.

During the year 4,734 prescriptions were dispensed-4,868 in

The greater number of patients are Indians but I am informed that the proportion of Chinese continues to increase. There exists a considerable objection amongst the Chinese to having to go across the harbour to Victoria for hospital treatment.

M 59

TABLE OF CASES TREATED AT KOWLOON DISPENSARY.

GENERAL DISEASES :-

*-----

Chicken-pox,

Measles,

Plague,

1915.

1914.

1

3

6

Dengue, Influenza,

Diptheria,

Febricula,

Enteric Fever,

5

3

50

12

1

21

99

Cholera,

3

Dysentry,

82

:

Malaria :-

(a) Simple Tertian, (b) Malignant,

(c) Mixed Infection,

Prophylaxis,

133

88

108

168

296

131

*

379

Beri-beri,

Leprosy,

15

19

1

3

Tuberculosis :-

(a) Glands.

14

21

:

(b) Lungs, (c) Bone,

Syphilis, (I),

35

59

:

89

49

(II),

133

85

(III),

68

4

Gonorrhoea,

230

182

Rickets,

3

Alcoholism,...

Rheumatism,

81

38

Gout,

3

Small-pox,

Mumps,

16

New Growths :-

(a) Benign,

(b) Malignant,

Whooping Cough

Paratyphoid,

Anæmia,

Debility,

SPER

27

3

1

15

7

3

14

16

75

191

Carried forward,

1,483

1,695

* Included in "Malaria ".

M 60

Brought forward,

1915.

. 1,483

1914. 1,695

LOCAL DISEASES :-

Nervous System :---

Sub-section 1:

Neuritis,

49

14

Myelitis,

1

Sub-section II:

Chorea,

Neuralgia.

53

81

Hysteria,

Sub-section III:

Idiocy,

130

1021

Mania,

Melancholia,

Digestive System,

Circulatory System, Respiratory System, Generative System:

(a) Male,

917

832

: : :

26

9

651

582

103

53

(b) Female,

78

48

Lymphatic System,

60

G

Urinary System,

42

8

Eye,

119

172

Ear,

168

108

Nose,

2

Organs of Locomotion,

20

61

Cellular Tissue,...

437

987

Skin,

435

264

Injuries,

367

254

Minor Operations,

23

4

Poisons:

Cocaine, ...

Opium,

Alkaloids,

Monkey-bite,

Rat-bite,

Dog-bite,

Ptomani Poison,

Parasites:-

:

4

36

35

8

6

:

Ascaris Lumbricoides,.

Oxyuris Vermicularis,

Pediculi Pubis,

108

84

25

3

Effects of Heat,

Child-birth,

Drowning,

201

9

Ι

Total,

5,353

5,327

Physical Examinations,

90

280

Vaccinations, Kowloon,

156

135

Vaccinations, New Territories,

505

604

Tai Po Market,

307

358

Tai Po,

327

285

Grand Total,

6,688

6,989

M 61

Annexe J.

TUNG WA HOSPITAL.

REPORT BY DR. C. W. MCKENNY, Visiting Medical Officer.

It gives me great pleasure to thank the Chairman (Mr. Lo Cheong-siu) and the Directors for the assistance which they have rendered to this institution during the year and to congratulate them on the success which has attended their administration.

Buildings and Equipment.—The buildings have been well main- tained and were newly painted during the year.

Electric light has been installed throughout a large part of the hospital.

Some disused buildings have been removed and laid out as a garden. It is hoped that convalescent patients may avail them- selves of these as a recreation ground.

Staff. Dr. G. H. Thomas has again efficiently performed the duties of Resident Medical Officer.

Dr. Song Chong-chai was unfortunately forced towards the end. of the year to relinquish-for a time-his duties owing to illness. His place has been taken by Dr. Teh Lean-swee, who has recently graduated in the Hongkong University. Some additions have been made to the number of attendants on night duty.

University Students. During the year students have attended clinical lectures on medicine, have acted as ward clerks to the patients under European treatment, have administered anæsthetics in the operating theatre, and have attended or assisted at the obstetrical clinic. Previous to their becoming graduates of the University in December, Drs. Teh Lean-swee and Teoh Cheng-toe held ward appointments in this hospital.

The following figures express the comparative results of Eastern and Western treatment. It should be understood that all cases admitted are diagnosed by a staff, qualified in European medicine, but it is then quite open to the patient to choose which- ever of the two forms of therapy he may desire. An exception has, of course, to be made with those persons whose condition involves legal or public health problems or where either public safety or general sanitation are involved.

The total number of in-patients (4,796) treated were divided thus:

Cases treated by native methods :-

Original choice,

3,044

Tranferred from Western treatment,

178

3,222

Less transferred to Western treatment.

938

Total,

2,284

-M 62

Cases treated by Western methods :—

Original choice. ...

Transferred from native treatment,..

Less transferred to native treatment,

1,752

938

2,690

178

Total. ...

2,512

As the total number of cases treated was 4,796, it will be seen that of this number 52:3% were under European and 47.7% under Eastern treatment. In 1914 the approximate figures were respec- tively 45% and 55%. This is the first year in which the Western has been larger than the Eastern percentage.

Death Rates :-

Deaths under native treatment,

79

Western

">

906 i.e. 39.6%

283 i.e. 11.2%

These death rates can hardly be considered as accurately representing the mortality in the hospital as they include 486 moribund cases distributed as follows:-

Native treatment, Western

"

403

83

If these be deducted, we may consider the following to be accurate:

Native treatment 1,881 cases with 503 deaths, i.e., 26·7% European

2,429

200.

27

8.2%

In the appended tables a comparison of results in the treatment of certain diseases is shown.

(A) Diseases for which there is a specific remedy:-

Western.

Eastern.

No. of cases.

Death rate percentage.

No. of cases.

Death rate percentage.

Diphtheria,

3

33.3%

9

77.7%

Malaria,

294

8*5%

157

35.6%

Syphilis,

63

6.3%

41

34·1%

(B) Diseases for which, at present, there is no specific remedy:—

Pneumonia lobar,

51

25'4%

69

46.3%

Beri-beri,

394

11.6%

291

50*5%

Typhoid fever,...

9

22.2%

21

66.6%

Pulmonary

phthisis,

114

36.8%

358

68.1%

Chronic opium

poisoning,

103

1·9%

33

36.9%

M 63

Out-patient Department :----

Native treatment (new and old cases), Western treatment,

103,757 13,126

It will be seen that of the total (116,883) 88.8% received Eastern and 11.2% Western remedies. This compares with 87·6% and 12-4% in 1914. This marked difference between the in and out-patients may be accounted for by the fact that the out-patient is typically a person suffering from some minor ailment for which he prefers native or "homely" treatment. The smallness of the European- trained staff is also a factor in the matter and, indeed, it is impro- bable that, as at present situated, a very much increased percentage could receive adequate attention at the European Out-patient Department.

REMARKS ON SPECIAL DISEASES.

Beri-beri. In all 685 cases were treated with 193 deaths, i.e., 28.1%. In 1914 there were 627 cases with 28.8% death rate.

Beri-beri is the most common of the important specific diseases admitted to the hospital. It is unfortunately difficult or impossible to trace many patients who go "back to Canton " but there certainly appears to be some evidence that such change of surroundings has a beneficial effect and is one to be recommended.

Malaria. There were in all 451 cases treated with 81 deaths, i.e., 17·9% death rate (154 cases with 142% death rate in 1914).

The following were the various types found:-

Malignant Malaria,

420 cases with 76 deaths

Benign Tertian Malaria, Quartan Malaria, .......

4

0

""

2

0

23

Malarial Cachexia,

25

>>

">

As far as possible quinine is given in all cases but unless the patient is voluntarily under European treatment the amount of good so accomplished is greatly minimised. This can be realised when one remembers that the comparative mortality of European to Chinese treatment of this disease is approximately as 1 : 44.

Pulmonary Phthisis.-There were 472 cases admitted with 286 deaths, i.e... 60'5% mortality. This compares with 693 cases and 447% mortality in 1914. There was a considerable reduction in the number of cases under European treatment with a slightly in- creased death rate (39%). There was a larger number of patients under Chinese treatment with an increased (147 %) mortality. As mentioned in my last report much improvement cannot be hoped for from any form of therapy, at present in use, under such general conditions as must inevitably be found in a hospital situated in the centre of a densely populated neighbourhood.

M 64

P

Plague. Twelve cases with nine deaths occurred (520 cases with 493 deaths in 1914). This is the smallest number of such cases that has been recorded for many years.

Tetanus.— Thirteen cases with eleven deaths were noted. This is about the average admission for several years past-a noticeable fact when one considers the large number of slight injuries to the foot which are seen.

The greater number of these patients do not wear shoes habitually and wounds of the feet are therefore apt to be complicated by tetanus.

OBSTETRICAL DEPARTMENT.

The work has almost been doubled in this department. 172 confinements were recorded as against 87 in 1914 and in all Euro- pean methods were employed. I append a brief summary :—

Cases of normal labour,

";

abnormal

Total....

133 with 0 deaths.

39

3

27

29

172 with 3 deaths.

CLASSIFICATION OF ABNORMAL LABOUR.

Delayed labour (forceps delivery),.. 10 cases with 1 death.

Transverse presentation,

Breech presentation,

Retained placenta,

Twin birth.

Eclampsia,

Abortion and miscarriages,

Hydrocaphalus (craniotomy),

3

1

11

11

7

2

1

1 ",

Total,...

39 cases with 3 deaths.

SURGICAL DEPARTMENT.

The progress noted in 1914 has continued. There were 208 operations performed as against 186 in the previous year. The majority of results have been satisfactory and the death rate (44 %) is sufficiently low to warrant the hope that the usefulness of this department will be maintained.

Eye Department.-This has been, as in previous years. under the care of Dr Harston.

I append seven tabular statements.

M 65

1.-GENERAL COMPARATIVE STATISTICS.

Cases remaining in hospital at the end of

1915.

1914.

the previous year,

239

211

Admissions during the year,

4,557

4,472

Remaining in hospital at the end of the

year,

232

239

Cases transferred to the Civil Hospital,

64

82

Males treated,

3.822

3,685

Females treated,

974

998

Cases brought in dead, ...

1,288

1,710

Bodies sent to the Public Mortuary,

591

583

Free burials,

3.336

2,671

Destitutes sheltered,

777

1,064

Vaccinations, ...

891

1,029

Out-patients-Ophthalmic Department,

2,886

1,805

98

49

Operations on the Eye,...

2.-CLASSIFICATION OF GENERAL OPERATIONS,

Amputations:-

Upper extremity,

Lower

"

New Growths :

Malignant :--

Carcinoma of breast-radical excision,

Ι

Carcinoma of liver-exploratory,

1

1 death.

Epithelioma of eyelid-removal,.

1

Sarcoma of tonsil-exploratory,

3

Malignant ovarian cyst-exploratory,

1

Benign:-

Papilloma-removal,

Sebaceous cyst-removal,

Lipoma

31

Fibroma

13

Plastic operations,..

Intravenous injection of Salvarsan,

Diseases and Injuries of the Cellular Tissue. Abscesses, cellulitis, chronic ulcers and sinuses, dislocations, fractures, and severe wounds treated under general anesthesia,

Alveolar abscess-extraction of teeth, Liver abscess-drainage,

. . 99

4 deaths.

Diseases of the Digestive System.

72

1 death.

Hernial--Inguinal-Bassini's (2 with gangrenous

gut),

10

2 deaths.

Femoral,...

1

}

Appendicular abscess-drainage (1 with general

peritonitis),

Hæmorrhoids-ligature and excision,

Fistulae-in-ano and ischio-rectal abscess.

2

1 death.

Carried forward,.

173 9 deaths.

M 66

Brought farward, ...

.173

9 deaths.

Ι

Male:

Diseases of the Respiratory System.

Empyema-drainage,

Diseases of the Genito-Urinary System.

Phimosis-circumcision,

5

Hydrocele Radical cure,

1

Hernia testis-castration,

1

Urethral calculus-extraction,

1

stricture-rapid dilatation,

"}

Female:-

Curettement of the uterus,

Diseases of the Circulatory System.

Femoral Aneurysm-Ligation of the External

Iliac Artery,

Osteomyelitis-Sequestrectomy,

2

3

Diseases of the Osseous System.

Necrosis of Jaw-

от со

5

Diseases of the Lymphatic System.

Excision of tuberculous glands, ...

7

Total,...

..208 with 9 deaths.

3.-CLASSIFICATION OF EYE DISEASES TREATED AT THE

OUT-PATIENT EYE CLINICS.

New cases,

Old

""

Total,

Classification of New Cases.

1,518

1,368

2.886

Diseases of the Conjunctiva :-

Trachoma,

3.17

Conjunctivitis,

64

Phlyctenular Conjunctivitis,

48

Pterygium,

22

Gonorrhoeal Ophthalmia,

35

Diseases of the Cornea :-

Corneal Opacities,

153

Ulcers,

114

''

Keratitis,...

54

Conical Cornea,

3

Facetting of the cornea,.

1

Staphyloma,

16

Carried forward,

860

M 67

Brought forward,

Diseases of the Iris and Ciliary Body:-

Iritis and irido-cyclitis,..

Gumma of the iris,

Diseases of the Lens

Cataract,

Diseases of the Sclera :

Epi-scleritis,

Diseases of the Eyelids :-

Entropion and trichiasis, Meibomian Cyst,

Blepharitis and eczema, Foreign body in eye, Adenoma of lid,

Diseases of the Eyeball :---

Sarcoma of orbit,

Phthisis bulbi,

Glaucoma,

J..

:

:

Diseases of the Vitreous, Retina, Choroid, and

Errors of Refraction,

Optic Nerve, ...

Total,

860

92

.1

49

3

∞5558

28

16

19

15

1

14

22

48

347

1,518

4.-CLASSIFICATION OF EYE OPERATIONS.

Old Iritis, Leucoma, etc.,-Iridectomy,

33

Cataract-extraction by capsulotomy,

""

>

""

Smith's intracapsu-

13

lar method,

7

After cataract-discission,

Pterygium-excision,

Entropion Snellen's,

28

Glaucoma Elliott's Sclero-corneal trephining,

Staphyloma corneæ evisceration of eyeball (Mules'), Panophthalmia-enucleation of eyeball,

Tumours (adenoma) of eyelid-excision of growth, Sarcoma of orbit-removal of growth and enucleation

of eyeball,

7

1

1

3

1

Total,

98

5.-SUMMARY OF VACCINATIONS FOR THE YEAR 1915.

1915.

1914.

Tung Wa Hospital,

823

923

Shaukiwan,

6

16

Aberdeen,

21

28

Deep Water Bay,

14

22

Yaumati,

Stanley,

12

33

15

7

Total,

891

1,029

M 68

6. RETURNS FOR KWONG WA HOSPITAL, YAUMATI.

(Affiliated to the Tung Wa Hospital.)

1915.

1914.

Number of patients remaining from the pre-

vious year,

82

88

Total number of in-patients,

1,822

1,699

Number of deaths,

472

746

Number of patients remaining at the end of

the year,

Western treatment,

Native treatment,

99

82

969

916

853

783

Deaths under Western treatment,

158

224

Native

""

Males treated,

Females treated,

Confinements,

Out-patients :-

Western treatment (old and new cases), Native

15,419

10,782

8,219

7,098

""

"

314

522

1.360

1,167

462

532

39

14

7.-RETURN OF DISEASES AND DEATHS-WITH PROPORTION OF

CASES UNDER WESTERN AND CHINESE TREATMENT.

(See Tables I and II.)

M 69

Table I.

Diseases and Deaths in 1915 at the Tung Wa Hospital.

Remain-

ing in

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

DISEASES,

Hospital

Cases

ing in Hospital

at end of

1914.

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Treated. at end of

1915.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Chicken-pox,

Measles,

Lobar Pneumonia,

Diphtheria,

Typhoid Fever,

Tetanus,

Plague,

Cholera,

Dysentery,

Beri-beri,

Leprosy,

Malarial Fever:-

1. Quartan,

2. Benign Tertian.

3. Malignant,

4. Malarial Cachexia,

Syphilis :-

(a) Acquired,

(b) Inherited,

Tuberculosis:-

(a) Phthisis Pulmonalis, (b) Generalised,

Gonorrhoea,

Rheumatism,

New Growths:-

(a) Nou-malignant, (b) Malignant,..........

Anæmia,

Debility (Seuile),

LOCAL DISEASES.

12

120

45

120

12

8

12

30

16

30

13

11

13

12

9

12

1

1

1

4

249

116

253

48

637

193

685

41

:

::

2

2

420

25

8:25

4

76

420

8

25

7:

17

86

18

1

30:

103

11

1

472

286

472

16

a: wi

3

35

11

38

36

36

+

46

52

64:4

121

12

40

47

2050

2

13

1

42

1

58

7

Diseases of the Nervous System :-

Meningitis, Brain and Cord,

17

325

89

342

13

Carried forward,.

109

2,631

911

2.740

J

108

M 70

Table 1,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1915 at the Tung Wa Hospital.

Remain-

ing in

Yearly Total

Remain-

Total

DISEASES.

Hospital

Cases

ing in Hospital

at end of

1914.

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Treated, at end of

1915.

Brought forward,...... 109

2,631

911

2,740

108

LOCAL DISEASES,—Continued.

Mental Diseases,

Diseases of the Eye,

Diseases of the Circulatory System :-

(a) Diseases of the Heart,

(b)

""

Arteries,

Diseases of the Respiratory System:- (a) Diseases of the Brouchi,

(b) (c)

""

""

22

""

19

19

117

124

1

1

CA

3

=:

Pleuræ,

36

270

95

306

31

Lungs, ...

Diseases of the Digestive System:-

(a) Diseases of the gastro-intestin-

al tract,.....

(b) Diseases of the Liver, and

(c)

">

22

6

218

54

224

12

Biliary pass-

26

6

28

3

ages,

Diseases of the Urinary System:

(a) Diseases of the Kidney,

(b)

ages,

""

11

158

60

169

Urinary pass-

3

1

7

:

:

Diseases of the Lymphatic System:-

Lymphatie glands,

Diseases of the Generative System :-

:

:

(a) Male,

3

(b) Female,

6

2

8

!

Diseases of Bones and Joints,

31

31

27

the Cellular Tissue,

34

377

>>

the Skin,

2

Injuries,

9

366

Effects of heat or cold,

15

#2:

44

411

41

2

10

375

14

15

Poisons:

(a) Acute Poisoning,

1

-

(b) Opium Habit,

20

116

14

136

co:

Parasites:-

(a) Intestinal,

15

15

(b) Filaria,

Labour,.....

2

2

172

3

172

Total,.....

239

4,557

1,189

4,796

232

M 71

Table II.

Showing the Admissions and Mortality in the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1915, with the proportion of cases treated by Western and Chinese methods respectively.

DISEASES.

}

GENERAL DISEASES.

Chicken-pox,

Measles,

Lobar Pneumonia,

Diphtheria,

Typhoid Fever,

Tetanus,

Plague,

Cholera,

Dysentery,

Beri-beri,

Leprosy,

WESTERN TREATMENT.

CHINESE TREATMENT.

Admis- sions.

Admis-

Deaths.

Deaths.

sions.

1

1

1

51

13

69

32

3

1

9

7

9

2

21

14

3.

2

10

9

1

9

8

1

1

109

25

144

91

394

46

291

147

I

Malarial Fever:

1. Quartan,.

2

2. Benign Tertian,..

3. Malignant,..

282

25

138

51

4. Malarial Cachexia,

6

19

5

Syphilis :--

(a) Acquired,

62

41

14

(b) Inherited,

1

:

Tuberculosis:-

(a) Phthisis Pulmonalis,

114

42

358

241

(6) Generalised,

13

Gonorrhoea,

15

23

ལ::

25

9

21

29

Rheumatism,

New Growths:-

(a) Non-malignant, (b) Malignant,

Anæmia,

Debility (Senile),

2

7

2

19

24

***

6

6

23

1

31

5

1

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System

Meningitis, Brain and Cord,

148

28

194

61

Carried forward,..........

1,297

196

1,443

705

M 72

Table II,-(Continued).

Showing the Admissions and Mortality in the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1915, with the proportion of cases treated by European and Chinese methods respectively.

DISEASES.

Brought forward,..............

LOCAL DISEASES, Continued.

Mental Diseases,.

Diseases of the Eye,

Diseases of the Circulatory System:- (a) Diseases of the Heart,.

(b)

25

""

Arteries,

Diseases of the Respiratory System:- (a) Diseases of the Bronchi,

(b)

""

""

(c)

27

Pleuræ,

Lungs,...

WESTERN TREATMENT.

CHINESE TREATMENT,

Admis-

Admis-

Deaths.

Deaths.

sions.

sions.

1,297

196

1,143

705

19

124

13

115

29

191

66

Diseases of the Digestive System:

(a) Diseases of the gastro-intestinal tract,

(b)

(e)

""

Diseases of the Urinary System:-

93

16

131

38

Liver, and

19

2

9

Biliary passages,

61

17

108

43

Urinary passages,

4

7

:

:

(a) Diseases of the Kidney,

(b)

"

"

Diseases of the Lymphatic System:--

Lymphatic glands,

Diseases of the Generative System:-

(a) Male,...

(a) Female,.

2

Diseases of Bones and Joints,

12

the Cellular Tissue,

165

16

** the Skin,

2

:::

28

277

98

10

23

Injuries,

Effects of heat or cold, Poisons:-

(a) Acute Poisoning,.. (b) Opium Habit,

Parasites:-

(a) Intestinal,.............

(b) Filaria,

Labour,

1

103

13

10:

33

12

2:

2

172

3

Total,......

2,512

283 2,284

906

M 73

Annexe K.

ALICE MEMORIAL AND AFFILIATED HOSPITALS,

1915 AND 1914.

No of In-patients.

No. of Out-patients.

1915. 1914.

1915. 1914.

Alice Memorial Hospital,.....123

18

9.149

0

Nethersole

.545

482

3,590

35

་་

Ho Miu Ling

..391

345

21

Number of labours in the

Alice Memorial Mater--428

424

72*

nity Hospital,

Total,......

.1,487 1,269 12,811

61

Total Expenditure,

$15.787.90

MATILDA HOSPITAL.

Number of patients remaining at the end of 1914,

Number of patients admitted during 1915, ...

Number of deaths during 1915,

* Labour cases.

J

111

3

M 74

Annexe L.

BACTERIOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.

REPORT BY DR. H. MACFARLANE, Bacteriologist. THE PREPARATION OF CALF LYMPH.

Nine calves were inoculated (12 in 1914). The total number of tubes of lymph issued was 7,294 (7,372 in 1914). The value of the lymph by Government Notification No. 380 of 1910 was $3,217.00 ($3,326.00 in 1914).

ROUTINE EXAMINATIONS.

Under this heading are grouped the various examinations of materials sent in. The number was 90,398 as compared with 94,626 in 1914:--

New Growths,-Examination by section, Widal's Reaction for Bacillus Typhosus,

2

"

"

23

"

1

62

287

Paratyphoid B, Contagious Abortion, Malta Fever,

280

400

1

Examination by Culture for Bacillus Dysenteriæ,

1

91

17

8

Diphtheria,

Vibro Cholera,

Typhoid Carriers,

Microscopical Examination for Trepanema Pallida,

نا

29

of Urine for Casts,

17

Tubercle

>>

Bacilli,

2

33

13

"

""

13

""

11

་་

of Urine for Cells,

for Gonococcus, of Stools for Eggs,

Amoeba,

of Sputum for Tubercle

Bacilli,

for Malaria Parasites and

Microscopical Examination for Filaria,

Rideal Walker Estimation for Disinfectants,

3

6

11

5

66

Differential Count of Leucocytes,

48

Animal Inoculation for Tubercle Bacilli,

Bacteriological Examination of Water,

Wasserman's Syphilis Reaction,

41

Preparation of Autogenous Vaccines,

8

Examination of Rats for Plague,

88,896

Breeding out and generic determination of Dipterous

larvæ,

14

Medico Legal Examination of Clothing, Knives, &c..

for Blood,

40

Miscellaneous,

Total,...

90.398

M 75

EXAMINATION OF RATS.

The results are given in Table I. The total number of rats examined was 88,896 compared with 82,715 in 1914. 22 were found to be Plague-infected (471 in 1914).

BACTERIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF WATER.

The three chief water supplies of the Colony (Kowloon, Tytam and Pokfulum) were examined quarterly and the results are given in Tables II, III and IV.

In every case the sample was taken at its source, i.e., either directly before or directly after filtration.

66

The methods used in carrying out the examinations were the same as those described in my Report on an Investigation of the Pokfulum Water Supply" (No. 20 of 1911).

INVESTIGATIONS.

Mosquito Investigation.-In my last report I mentioned that 26,000 mosquitoes had been bred out, pinned and determined either locally or by the Imperial Bureau of Entomology and I gave a list of genera and species. Another 24,000 have now been dealt with in a similar manner bringing the total collection to not less than 50,000.

One species new to Hongkong-namely, stegomyia fusca, Leic, has to be added to the list of species given last year.

The genus stegomyia is now known to be represented in Hongkong by four species, namely, stegomyia fasciata, Fab., stegomyia fusca, Leic, stegomyia, Walk, stegomyia W. alba, Theo.

Stegomyia Fasciata.

1. Kowloon. Further search for this species has confirmed the results given in my last report. I am of the opinion that stegomyia fasciata is present in Kowloon in numbers which would be effective if yellow fever was introduced.

A visit to Kowloon during the summer months would always result in stegomyia fasciata larvæ being freely taken in the stored drinking water in houses; it would not however be found in miscellaneous receptacles to any extent.

2. The City of Victoria.

(a.) Miscellaneous receptacles. In my previous report I men- tioned that stegomyia fasciata had been taken only on three occasions in the miscellaneous receptacles in kitchen, backyards, etc. Over 36,000 visits have been made to examine these receptacles and I consider that for any practical purpose they may be regarded as not a breeding place of stegomyia fasciata though they are very largely infected with stegomyia scutellaris.

M 76

(b.) Stored drinking water.—I have already pointed out that the houses in Victoria have water laid on and that the supply is usually continuous for seven months out of the twelve. It was decided to leave the search of the water storage receptacles till the intermittent system was put in force as only then is storage really necessary. When the continuous supply is in force the water tap is fixed over the storage receptacle and kept running into it more or less all the time. The result is that the receptacles are usually overflowing and the surface constantly disturbed, they do not therefore offer a very suitable breeding place for larvæ and they are very difficult to search.

During this summer there was sufficient water and the inter- mittent system was therefore not brought into use till very late in the season.

A search had therefore to be made with the continuous supply in force and with the following result:-

One hundred and eighty-one (181) houses were visited by me in the most densely built over area and the nature of the water storage is recorded in the following Table :-

KONGS.

WOODEN BARRELS.

IRON TANKS.

No. STORAGE.

Half full Full

IIalf full Full

Half full

Full

59

53

16

10

4

24

13

112

26

28

13

When little water was present in the receptacle large scoops were used to get the specimen as far as possible from the bottom of the vessel, if the receptacle was full, the water was first disturbed to make any larvæ present go to the bottom and the bottom layers of water were pumped out and examined.

Using considerable care, only three samples of larvæ were obtained from the above 179 receptacles and in every case these were found to be stegomyia scutellaris.

As it was not possible for me to devote sufficient time to this search of the stored water, the Sanitary Department lent Inspector Millington to carry on the work.

Inspector Millington accompanied by two Chinese assistants has carried out this work very carefully and in exactly the same method as used by myself.

M 77

The results obtained from search are shown in the following Table:-

KONGS.

WOODEN BARRELS.

IRON TANKS.

No. of Houses.

Storage receptacle empty

Half full.

Full.

Half full. Full. Half full. Full.

or not.

$83

274

369

58

131

24

88

115

No. of samples.

of larvæ found. 30

12

10

1

From the above two Tables it is seen that 1,110 kongs, barrels or tanks used for storing drinking water were examined and that in 59 of these larvæ were found. In no case were any stegomyia fasciata bred out from these larvæ. Scutellaris and a few culex fatigans only were obtained.

All the results so far show that the City of Victoria is not for practical purposes infected with stegomyia fasciata, Kowloon on the other hand is definitely infected with the fasciata. The different system of water supply in these two places is considered to be responsible for this state of affairs.

Tabanida. The number of species determined by the Imperial Bureau of Entomology from the collection made in collaboration with Mr. Adam Gibson, M.R.C.v.s., Colonial Veterinary Surgeon. now amounts to sixteen. they are as follows:-

1. Chrysops dispar, F.

2. Chrysops mlekosiewiczi, Big.

3. Tabanus albimedius, Walk.

1.

5.

crassus, Walk.

ditaeniatus, Macq.

flavothorax. Ric, var.

hongkongiensis, Ric. sp. n.

hybridus, Wied.

6.

""

*

hilaris, Walk.

8.

9.

་་

10.

indianus, Ric.

11.

""

jucundus, Walk.

12.

13.

14.

وو

15.

rubidus, Ric.

"}

16.

macfarlanie, Ric. sp. n.

mandarinus, Schiner.

negativus, Ric.

sanguineus, Walk.

Named specimens of these species are preserved in this Institute for reference by any one interested in this important family of biting flies.

M 78

P

Table I.

The Examination (post mortem) of Rats.

Newly

Plague

Month.

Total. Male. Female.

infected

Preg- Stry- born and

chniue nant.

not

poison. classified.

January,

6,405 3,162 3,243

513

February,

5,637 2,730 2,907

:.

:

421

March,

7,038 3,475 3,563

370

April,

7,704 3,767 3,97

343

May,

7,819 3,898

3,921

12

387

June,

7,023 3,520

3,503

494

July.

7,439 3,676 3,763

1

304

August,

7,616 3,742, 3,874

455

September,

7,932 3,918; 4,014

462

...

October,

8,460 4,178 4,282

November, ... 7,876 3,870 4,00

December,...... 7,947 3,948 3.999

542

:

:

510

502

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

687

434

372

295

300

290

301

303

388

877

267

174

Total,.......88,896 43,884 45,012 22 5,303

4,188

Table II.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Kowloon Water Supply for the year 1915.

Rate Total Colo-

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

Salt Peptone Water.

of

nies on

Presence of the Coli Group.

Sample.

Date

Filtra-

Agar in 1 cc

at 37°C. for

tion.

24 hours. cc.

1 cc.

2 cc.

5 cc.

10 cc.. 20 cc. | 50 ce.

ΤΟ

-- M 79 --

+ 1 + 1 | | + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1

+1 +1

Unfiltered,

Filtered,

5-1-15.

GO

5-1-15.

444

15

+1

...

Unfiltered,

7-1-15.

50

Filtered,

7-1-15.

438

10

AAA

Unfiltered,

9-1-15.

20

Filtered,

9-1-15.

416

5

..

Unfiltered, 13-4-15.

25

Filtered,

13-4-15.

411

7

Unfiltered,

15-4-15.

20

Filtered,

15-4-15. 500

Unfiltered, 17-4-15.

30

Filtered,

17-4-15. 475

10

Unfiltered,

6-7-15.

35

Filtered,

6-7-15. 544

5

Unfiltered,

8-7-15.

30

+

Filtered,

8-7-15.

530

5

Unfiltered,

10-7-15.

30

Filtered, ...

10-7-15.

522

4

Unfiltered,

5-10-15.

15

Filtered,

5-10-15.

575

3

Umitered,

7-10-15.

25

Filtered,

7-10-15. 581

10

Unfiltered,

9-10-15.

20

Filtered,

9-10-15. 583

5

+ | + ||| + | + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1

! + 1 + 1 + 1 +++++ | + | + | + | + !+++

Negative up to 5 cc.

""

in 50 cc.

Group I in 5 cc.

Negative up to 50 cc.

""

in 50 cc.

up to 50 cc.

Group IV in 10 ce. Negative up to 50 cc. Groups I and IV in 10 cc. Negative up to 50 cc. Groups I and IV in 10 ce. Negative up to 50 cc. Groups III and IV in 1 ce. II in 50 cc.

""

ንጋ

I and IV in 1 cc.

IV in 50 cc.

I in 10 cc.

Negative up to 50 ce. Group IV in 10 cc. Negative up to 30 cc, Group III in 2 cc. Negative up to 30 ec. Group I in 10 cc. Negative up to 50 cc.

All samples taken either immediately before or immediately after filtration. The rate of filtration is given by the Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli Group is that of MacConkey, + Acid and Gas

Acid only;

ސ

No change.

Unfiltered,

4-1-15.

45

Filtered,... 4-1-15.

675

25

Unfiltered, 6-1-15.

50

Filtered,

6-1-15. 620

40

Unfiltered,

8-1-15.

55

Filtered,

8-1-15. 590

20

Unfiltered,

12-4-15.

16

Filtered,

12-4-15. 775

Unfiltered,

14-4-15.

Filtered,

14-4-15. 782

Unfiltered,

16-4-15.

10

Filtered,

...

16-4-15.

792

2

Unfiltered,

5-7-15.

80

Filtered,

5-7-15. 800

40

Unfiltered,

7-7-15.

110

Filtered,

7-7-15. 730

50

Unfiltered,

9-7-15.

70

Filtered,

9-7-15, 722

25

Unfiltered,

4-10-15.

50

Filtered,

4-10-15.

652

10

Unfiltered,

6-10-15,

60

Filtered,

6-10-15. 690

15

Unfiltered,

8-10-15.

65

Filtered,

10

Table III.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Tytam Water Supply for the year 1915.

Rate Total Colo-

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

Salt Peptone Water.

of

nies on

Presence of the Coli Group.

Sample.

Date.

Filtra-

Agar in 1 cc

at 37°C. for

tion.

24 hours.

cc.

I ce.

2 cc.

5 cc.

10 cc. 20 cc.

50

cc.

10

[ + ] + !+ !+ !+ !

} + ¦ + !+ !+ !+]

[ + ] + !+1 +1 +

[ +++ 1 +1 +1 +1 +1

1 + + + !!

+ | + | | | + | ++++

+ 1 + { ++

+++

8-10-15. 643

+1

All samples taken either immediately before or immediately after filtration.

++

1 in 1 cc.

""

""

I, II and IV in 50 cc.

The rate of filtration is given by the

Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli Group is that of MacConkey Acid and Gas = Acid only ; -No change.

+

Negative up to 20 ce. Group I in 50 cc.

III in 10 cc.

Negative up to 10 cc.

"}

"} 10 ee.

Group II in 50 cc. "" I in 20 cc. Negative up to 50 cc. Group III in 50 ee. Negative up to 50 ce. Group III in 20 cc. Negative up to 50 cc. Group I in 10 cc.

31

""

I, II and IV in 20 cc. I and IV in 1 cc. I and IV in 20 cc. IV in 1 cc.

I in 20 cc.

IV in 1 cc. IV in 20 cc.

I in 2 cc.

II in 10 cc.

M 80 -

Table IV.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Pokfulum Water Supply for the year 1915.

Rate Total Colo-

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

Salt Peptone Water.

|

- M 81 -

Negative in 2 cc.

Groups I and IV in 50 cc. Negative up to 5 cc. Grons I and IV in 10 cc. Group JV in 10 cc. Negative in 50 cc. Group IV in 2 cc. Negative up to 50 cc. ̧ Group IV in 1 cc. Negative up to 50 cc. Group I and II in cc. Negative up to 50 cc. Group I in 1 cc. "" I in 50 cc.

of

nies on

Sample.

Date.

Agar in 1 cc

Presence of the Coli Group.

Filtra

jat 37° C. for

tion.

24 hours. To cc.

] ec. 2 cc.

5 cc.

10 cc. 20 cc. | 50 cc.

Unfiltered,

Filtered,

4-1-15.

85

4-1-15. 500

30

Unfiltered,

6-1-15.

70

Filtered,

6-1-15. 450

60

+1 11

Unfiltered,

8-1-15.

60

Filtered,

8-1-15.

500

25

Unfiltered,

12-4-15.

75

Filtered,

12-4-15. 500

5

Unfiltered,

14-4-15.

80

Filtered,

Unfiltered,

14-4-15. 325 16-4-15.

2

80

Filtered,

Unfiltered,

Filtered,

16-4-15. 325

5-7-15.

5-7-15. 650

10

100

30

Unfiltered,

7-7-15.

90

Filtered, ...

7-7-15.

650

20

Unfiltered,

9-7-15.

70

Filtered,

9-7-15. 700

10

...

Unfiltered,

4-10-15.

70

...

Filtered,

4-10-15. 400

5

│+1 +1 +1 +

Unfiltered,

6-10-15,

65

Filtered,

400

15

...

50

10

1 + 1 + 1 + 1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1

1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1+1

+ 1 + ! + 1 + | + | + | + | + | + | + | + | + |

+1+++ 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1

1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 +++ 1 +

++++

1+1+1+++++ 1 + 1 +++!

""

19

Unfiltered,

Filtered, ...

6-10-15.

8-10-15. 8-10-15. 400

IV in to cc.

I in 50 cc.

Groups I and IV in Negative up to 50 cc. Groups I and II in 1 cc. Negative up to 50 cc. Groups II and I in lec. Negative in 50 cc. Group III in 1 cc.

Negative up to 50 cc.

cc.

All samples taken either immediately before or immediately after filtration. The rate of filtration is given by the Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli Group is that of MacConkey, Acid and Gas ; 1=Acid only ;

+ =

No change.

M 82

Annexe M.

PUBLIC MORTUARY, VICTORIA.

REPORT BY THE GOVERNMENT BACTERIOLOGIST.

Report on Post Mortems.

1915.

1914.

Male bodies examined,

1,171

1,288

Female bodies examined,..

1,154

9.50

Sex undetermined,

2

Total,..

2,325

2.240

Claimed bodies sent from Hospital and

other places,

1,979

1,822

Unclaimed bodies mostly abandoned,

346

118

Total,.

2,325

2,240

Epitome of Causes of Death.

I.-General Diseases,

1915.

1914.

1,220

1,247

II.-Local Diseases:

(a) Of the Nervous System,

9

(b) (c)

Circulatory System,

57

71

,་

Respiratory System,

559

520

(d)

Digestive System,

368

309

(e)

Genito-Urinary System,..

45

26

(f)

Osseous System.

2

III.-Deaths from Violence,...

72

58

Total,...

2,325

2,240

M 83

General Diseases.

1915.

1914.

Small-pox,

10

22

(b.) Of the Circulatory System,-Contd.

1915. 1914.

Plague,

34

437

Cholera,

8

2

Brought forward, ... 7 12

Hæmopericardium following

Beri-beri,

32

65

rupture of Aneurism,

Leprosy,

3

Aortitis,

ранатов с

3

1

Malaria,

68

34

Rupture of Aneurism of

Septicæmia,

17

11

Aorta,

1

10

Puerperal Septicemia,

-7

Diphtheria,...

41

16

Aneurism of Aorta, Abdominal, Atheroma of Coronary Ar-

1

Typhoid Fever,

40

38

General Tuberculosis,

60

44

Prematurity,

94 30

Marasmic Condition,

354

221

1

Anencephalia,

teries,

Atheroma of Aorta,...

Fatty Degeneration of Heart, Valvular Disease of Heart, Patent Foramen Ovale,

1

1

1

38 37

10151

Syphilis,

234

101

Still Born,

54 48

Total,

57

71

Atelectasis,

43

75

General Debility,

1

Icterus Neonatorum,

5

Senile Decay,...

Noma,

(c.) Of the Respiratory System :-

Broncho-Pneumonia and

1915. 1914.

Chronic Opium Habit,

Skeletons, (no diagnosis

possible),..

Decomposed bodies, (no

Bronchitis,

310

316

Lobar Pneumonia,.

70

95

1

Syphilitic Pneumonia,

5

Acute Fibrinous Pleurisy,..

54

24

diagnosis possible),

119 91.

Tubercular Pleurisy,

1

Total,

1,220 1,247

Abscess of Lung,

Local Diseases.

(a.) Of the Nervous System :--

1915. 1914.

Intracranial Hæmorrhage,......

2

Infarction of Lung,

Meningitis....

Septic Meningitis,

Emphysema,

Cerebral Hæmorrhage,

Acute Phthisis,

Encephalocele,

Chronic

"

Mediastinal Neoplasın,

Total, ...

9

Pulmonary Infarction,

Tuberculosis,

Hæmoptysis from Tuber-

cular Lung,

Miliary Tuberculosis of

Lung,

Gangrene of Lung,

Empyema,

O

:

Total,

1

43

5

1

5

2

3

10

3

28

26

26

31

1

559

520

(b.) Of the Circulatory System:-

(d.) Of the Digestive System :-

1915. 1914.

Acute Pericarditis,...

2

4

1915. 1914.

Chronic

2

Tabes Mesenterica, ...

54

29

Septic

5

Peritonitis, ...

1

2

Acute Myocarditis,...

Septic Peritonitis, ...

24

25

Endocarditis,

ני

Septic

تنا

3

Tubercular Peritonitis,

4

11

Acute Gastro-Enteritis,

193

152

Carried forward,

7

12

Carried forward,

276

219

M 84

1

Cancer of Liver,

Stomach,

""

Duodenal Ulcer,

Intra Splenic Abscess,

(d.) Of the Digestive System,--Contd.

Injuries (Death from Violence),—Contd.

1915. 1914.

(a.) General,-Contd.

Brought forward,

276 219

1915. 1914.

Chronic Enteritis,

2

Brought forward,

31

21

Verminous...

Cirrhosis of Liver,

Hanot's Cirrhosis of Liver,

Abscess of Liver,

Congenitial Syphilitic Disease

of Liver,

1

Asphyxia by Ligature

round Neck,

Cellulitis of Neck,...

Streptococcal Cellulitis of

Legs,

Poisoning.

Opium Poisoning,

Burns,

Burning (only charred remains),3

6

from Crushing,

1

1

145

Diarrhoea,

46

42

Scalds,

Dysentery,

13

Strangulated Hernia,

Total,

B

39

Intussusception,

Infarction of Intestine,

(b.) Local:-

Tubercle

7

12

1915. 1914.

Mesenteric Thrombosis,

Suppurative Cholangitis,

Acute Intestinal Obstruction, 3

10

1

Rupture of Spleen,...

4

Liver and Spleen,

1

21

Liver,

19.00 HA

4

Fracture of Skull and Spleen,

4

Total,

368 309

Skull,

11

""

(e.) Of the Genito-Urinary System :-

1915. 1914.

Acute Nephritis.

4

4

Sub-acute

7

Granular Contracting Kidney, 8

Chronic Nephritis,

16

9

Tubercular Nephritis,

1

Abscess of Kidney,

Sarcoma,

1

Wound,

Post Partum Hæmorrhage,

+

Extra Uterine Pregnancy,...

Placenta Prævia,

Retained Placenta, (Sapræmia) 1

Uræmia,

Total,

Spine and Ab-

dominal Injuries,

Fracture of Dorsal Vertebræ, Bullet Wound through Heart,

Lungs, and Spinal Cord, Bullet Wound in Brain,

and Liver,

Hæmorrhage following Stab

Hæmorrhage following Cut

Hæmorrhage following Wounds, 1

Throat,

Bullet

15

Wounds, ...

"

over Brain,

1

1

Neck

11

"

1

1

1

1

45

26

Gun Shot Wound in Brain,..

>>

(f.) Of the Osseous System :-

Tubercle of Spine,...

1915.

1914.

1

Vertebræ,

I

Total,

Total,

29 19

Nationality of Bodies.

Chinese,

Portuguese,..

Annamite,

1915, 1914. ...2,312 2,228

1

1

Injuries (Death from Violence) :--

Swede,

(a.) General:--

Japanese,

1915. 1914.

: British,

Multiple Injuries,

7

3

Indian,

IT SO LO CO

Asphyxia,

1

Malay,

by Earth,

3

American,

"

by Water,

11

10

Filipino,

241211

77

by Hanging,

10

7

Total,

2,325 2,240

Curried forward,

31

21

M 85

Total Plague cases,

34

3 unclaimed.

31 claimed.

Total Small-pox cases,

10

unclaimed.

3 claimed.

Number of bodies sent to Mortuary (Victoria) during 1915.

Vietoria.

Harbour.

Chinese,

.2,312 2,142

877

Annamite,

I

1

Swede,

1

1

:

Japanese,

3

1

2

British,

5

3

1

Indian,

1

1

Total,.........2,325 2,147

Old Kowloon.

:

:

:

93

1

New Kowloon.

:

:

÷

:.

50

3833

Shaukiwau.

Other Villages.

:

:.

:

50

:

:

:

:

34

1

M 86

Annexe N.

PUBLIC MORTUARY KOWLOON.

REPORT BY DR. W. J. WOODMAN, Medical Officer in Charge.

1. The total number of post mortem,examinations made during the year was 980 as compared with 1,324 last year and 1,063 in 1913.

2. During the year there were 79 cases of plague and eight of sinall-pox as compared with 305 last year and 62 in 1913

3. The nationalities of the bodies were:

Chinese,

Indians,

Norwegian,

978

1

1

4. Of the bodies 489 were of children under one year and 222 more between the ages of one year and five years.

Epitome of the Causes of Death.

1.-General Diseases,

1915.

1914.

338

586

Il-Local Diseases:

(a) Nervous System,

2

S

(b) Circulatory

16

13

(c) Respiratory

328

329

(d) Digestive

97

69

(e) Genito-Urinary System,

6

(f) Organs of Locomotion.

3

(g) Developmental Diseases,

الحمر

1

III.--Injuries :--

(a) General,

36

21

(b) Local,

11

16

IV. Decomposed Bodies, ..

142

279

Total,.

980

1,324

General Diseases.

M 87

(b.) Of the Circulatory System :-

Plague,

Small-pox,

Enteric Fever,

Diphtheria,

Lobar Pneumonia,

Cholera,

Measles,

:

Syphilis-Acquired,

1915. 1914.

1915. 1914.

Pericarditis, ...

4

79

248

Anæmia,

1

| 10

2

57

Fatty Degeneration of Heart,

23

8

Aortic Aneurism,

4

4

Valvular Disease,

27

39

Pyo-pericardium,

Suppurative Phlebitis,

1

16

13

Syphilis Congenital,

4

1

Dysentery,

11

2

Malaria,

30

33

General Tuberculosis,

5

12

Beri-beri,

12

21

Septicemia,

7

(c.) Of the Respiratory System : —

Puerperal Septicæmia,

Marasmus,

35

35

1915. 1914.

Prematurity,

25

41

Pulmonary Tuberculosis,

48

44

Still-birth,

44

49

Empyema,

10

16

Senile Decay,

Pleurisy,

4

5

Inanition,

Atelectasis Pulmonum,

29

19

Tetanus,

Bronchitis,

60

43

Icterus Neonatorum,

11

Fibroid Lung,

7

Whooping Cough,

Broncho-Pneumonia,

177

192

Erysipelas,

Gangrene,

Gangrene of Lung,

3

Starvation,

328 329

338

586

Local Diseases.

(d.) Of the Digestive System:—

Cirrhosis of Liver,

1915. 1914.

4

8

Suppurative Peritonitis,

6

7

a.) Of the Nervous System :---

Tabes Mesenterica,

18

Pylephlebitis,

1

1915. 1914.

Enteritis,

65

32

Intra-cranial Hæmorrhage,..

1

2

Strangulated Hernia,

3

Meningitis.

1

3

Tubercular Peritonitis,

12

Convulsions,..

2

Hepatic Abscess,

Hydrocephalus,

1

Pancreatic Abscess,..

2

со

97

69

M 88

1915. 1914.

20

13

4

1

1

(e. Of the Genito-Urinary System :-

Nephritis,

('hild-birth,

1915. 1914.

}

CO

6

(f.) Of the Organs of Locomotion :-

2

(a.) General:

Drowning,

Burns, 2 Asphyxia,

Injuries.

Multiple Injuries, Poisoning, Hanging,

Cellulitis of Leg,

Spinal Caries,

722

N

36

21

1915. 1914.

1

(b.) Local:-

-

1915. 1914.

2

Dislocation of Neck,

1

w

Rupture of Spleen, Gunshot Wound, Fracture of Skull,

Stab Wound in Heart,

""

:

WNN

2

2

2

3

10

1

""

Neck,

1

Chest,

1

21

:

Cut Throat, Rupture of Bladder,.

1

(g.) Developmental Diseases :-

1915. 1914.

11

16

Spina Bifida,

1

Malformation of Heart,

1

1915. 1914.

1 Decomposed bodies,

142 279

M 89

Annexe O.

ANALYST'S DEPARTMENT.

REPORT BY E. R. DOVEY, A.R.C.SC., Government Analyst.

The number of analyses performed was 1,051 as against 661 in 1914, (not including Chinese liquors).

The following classification shows the nature of the work done :-

I-Chemico-legal.

--

VI.-Pharmacy Ordinance.

1915. 1914.

Toxicological,

32

63

Medicines for Poison,

Articles for stains,

29

12

Cocaine,

1915, 1914.

G

1

6

0

Coins and materials,

18

1

Articles for Fire Inquiry,

17

...

0

VII.-Mineralogical, &e.

Corrosive liquids...

Metals,

253

164

II-Potable Waters.

Ores,

107 28

ཙམ

Public Supplies,

36

36

Coal,

13 23

Wells, &c.,

8

VIII.-Oils.

III.-Dangerous Goods Ordinance.

Petroleum Oil,

95

45

Anise,

89

42

Liquid Fuel,.

10

10

Cassia,

56

5

Petrol,

I

6

Wood,

21

Substances for Explosives,...

21

7

Olive,

0

Ships for inflammable vapour,

24

17

Peanut,

1

IV.-Food and Drugs Ordinance,

Peppermint, Linseed,

Bread,

3

4

Brandy,

8

6

IX.-Miscellaneous.

Milk,

65

48

Milk, Condensed,.

16

Whisky,

8

Port Wine,

4

Beer,..

6

Pepper,

1

Rum,.

Lard, Gin,

Tea,

Sherry,

Flour,

Cordials,

Lime Juice,

1 2 →

Chili Sauce,

Cement,

V-Building Materials.

1

Mortar,

3

Paint,

10

Paint Remover,....

0

1

Lime..........

0

FANN 2020.o

Coal Tar Disinfectants,. Spirit of Wine,

Stone, Resin,

Railway sleepers, Naphthalene, Iron wire, Urine, Candles,

Sulphuric acid,

Ice,

Fertilisers,

Writing paper, Solutions,

Powders,..

Saltpetre, lead seals, French

chalk, one each,..

Other substances,

(

2

0

ON

NoDoonox CK-NCNX

11

0

22

0

***

0

33

Total....... 1,051

664

M 90

TOXICOLOGICAL.

2. Among the chemico-legal investigations were 24 cases of suspected human poisoning. Opium was found in five enquiries, animal toxins in four, gelsemium elegans in one, alcohol in one, and Japanese star anise in one.

WATERS.

3. The results of the analyses of samples taken each month from the Pokfulum, Tytam, and Kowloon Reservoirs, show that these supplies continue to maintain their high degree of purity.

DANGEROUS GOODS ORDINANCE.

4. Of petroleum oil and liquid fuel 94 samples were tested during the year. The Clowes-Redwood apparatus has been used on 24 ships.

FOOD AND DRUGS ORDINANCE.

5. The following Table gives the results of 82 analyses made at the instance of the Police and the Sanitary Department.

Description.

Number of Samples.

Number found

Genuine.

Number found

Adulterated.

602-22 HON∞

Gin,

Milk,

45

45

6661-212 TO 21 ∞

Beer,

Brandy,.

Bread,

Flour,

Port, Rum, Sherry, Whisky,

0

0

PHARMACY ORDINANCE.

6. One seller of poison was convicted and fined.

MINERALOGICAL.

7. The European demand for metals for the manufacture of munitions is responsible for a considerable increase in the number of metals and ores examined. This is especially noticeable in the case of antimony. During the year 38 samples of antimony regulus and 61 samples of ore were assayed, as against 3 samples of regulus and 3 samples of ore during 1914.

M 91

The samples examined comprised the following:--

Metals.

Ores.

Tin,

186

Tin,

Antimony,

38

Antimony,

61

Lead,

Lead,

Zinc,

Zinc,

4

Copper,

5

Copper,

3

Solder,

Manganese,.

Brass,

1

Iron,

Gold,

4

Gold,

Tungsten,

Titanium, Molybdenum,

Total,

253

Total,

107

+

Of tin 72,434 slabs, each weighing 1 cwt., were stamped as a guarantee of quality. No claims of any kind were received by Hongkong exporters of this metal during the year.

OILS.

8. In May, the new laboratory for the analysis of essential oils was completed and arrangements made for the examination of a considerable number of samples. The following table shows the increase in the number examined during the past four years :-

Year.

Samples of Anise Oil.

Samples of Cassia Oil.

Total number of samples.

1912,

0

1

1

1913,.

2

4

1914,

1915,.......

89

253

42

2

41

56

145

Since the beginning of April, each case of oil sampled by the Laboratory staff was sealed with a Government seal. Already 2,285 cases of anise oil and 1,470 cases of cassia oil have been shipped thus sealed. As in the case of tin, no claims have been received by Hongkong exporters of oil, in connection with any of the samples examined at the Laboratory.

M 92

EXAMINATIONS FOR THE PUBLIC.

9. The public continue to take advantage of the Laboratory and have forwarded a great variety of samples for examination on payment. The fees paid into the Treasury during the year amounted to $20,764.00, as against $10,353.00 in 1914.

SPECIAL REPORTS,

10. Special Reports have been supplied on Bone Meal, Calcium Carbide, Graphite, Tin sampling and assaying, and the com- position of Chinese Tin.

11. The value of the year's work as determined from the Tariff of Fees (Government Notifications Nos. 285 of 1907 and 360 of 1910) is $24,861.00 as against $21,973.00 in 1914, (or deducting the value of the work done on Chinese liquors in 1914, now per- formed at the Laboratory of the Imports and Exports Department, as against $11,568.50 in 1914).

LIBRARY.

12. Several standard works of reference have been added.

RESEARCH.

13. New methods have been worked out for the analysis of antimony and molybdenite ores, also improved methods for the examination of anise and cassia oils.

STAFF.

11. In March, Mr. Frank Browne, F.1.C., left for England on leave, since when I have been acting. Mr. Browne has since retired from the service.

-- M 93

Annexe P.

THE HEALTH OFFICER OF THE PORT.

REPORT BY DR. G. P JORDAN, Health Officer of the Port.

During the year under review Dr. Jordan returned from home furlough and resumed bis duties on the 12th July, 1914. The work of the department has therefore been carried by Dr. Jordan, Dr. Keyt and Dr. Lindsay Woods.

The nature of the work may be summarised under three separate headings:-

(a.) Daily inspection of ships arriving in port.

(b.) Medical examination of emigrants.

(c.) Quarantine duty.

(a.)-DAILY INSPECTION OF SHIPS ARRIVING IN PORT,

Between the hours of 6 a.m. and 6 p.m. all vessels entering port are boarded and particulars of the voyage as to any sickness from the last port of departure and during the voyage are duly recorded on the approved forms and certified by the master or ship's surgeon if the vessel carries a surgeon. Vessels coming from any infected port have all passengers and crews undergo special examination in quarantine.

ΟΙ

During the year 1915 there were 7,661 arrivals in port. this number 3,998 were under the British flag and 3,673 were under various foreign flags.

River steamers are only boarded when any infectious diseases are reported; these are not included in the above figures.

(b.)-MEDICAL EXAMINATION OF EMIGRANTS.

The total number of emigrants passed this year were 67,982 and there were 820 rejections.

Of this total, 41.873 proceeded to the Straits Settlements, while the remaining 26,109 left for other ports, such as San Francisco, British Columbia, Java, etc.

Table I shows the number of emigrants passed and rejected for the various ports.

Table II gives the monthly figures of the numbers of emi- grants passed, the crews of the steamers, and the numbers of rejections.

M 94

Table III gives the various diseases which are accountable for the rejection of emigrants.

(c.)-QUARANTINE DUTY.

Under this heading must be included the special examinations which are required for the medical inspection of ships which come into quarantine from infected ports, or having any suspicion of infectious disease on board.

During the year five ships were detained in quarantine for the fo lowing diseases :-

Small-pox,....

Cholera,

3 cases.

Table IV gives the number of ships detained in quarantine, together with the causes, dates, and periods of detention.

Table I.

Emigration Passes and Rejections for 1915.

Ports of Destination.

Passed.

Rejected.

Straits Settlements,

San Francisco,

Honolulu,

41,873

658

4,227

33

1,158

2

Japan,

British Columbia,

510 2,795

Seattle,

394

Java ports,

12,668

59

Australian ports,

2,235

56

South America,

509

2

Mauritius,

435

1

South Africa,

368

6

Mexico,

308

London,

119

1

Bangkok,

383

1

Total,

67,982

820

January,

February,

March,

April,

May, June,

July,

August,

September,.

October,.

November,

December,

M 95

Table II

Monthly Returns of Emigrants, Crews and Rejections.

Months.

Total,

Emigrants.

Crews.

Rejections.

1,610

1,894

10

494

1,110

5

2,140

2,414

12

5.325

1,674

87

7,814

2,395

103

6,784

2,431

65

7,498

2,103

94

4,460

1,996

61

8,457

2,211

154

9,135

2,083

101

7,078

2,115

59

7.687

1,882

69

67.982

* 24,308

820

Table III.

Causes of Rejections of Emigrants.

Diseases.

Numbers.

Skin Diseases :-

Scabies, Tinea, Ichthyosis,

Other forms,

Eye Diseases :-

Trachoma,

Ophthalmia and Blindness,

Fevers,

Syphilis,

Tuberculosis, Phthisis, and Glandular Enlargements,

191

88

4

13

156

-19

234

6

5

Jaundice,

Leprosy,

Beri-beri,..

Deformities,..

8

1

2

28

Heart Disease,

6

Enlarged Spleen,

9

Anæmia and Debility,

44

Other Causes

6

Total,

820

Appendix N.

REPORT ON THE BOTANICAL AND FORESTRY

DEPARTMENT FOR THE YEAR 1915.

GENERAL REMARKS.

The weather was generally favourable throughout the year but at the end of October and beginning of November rain and wind did much damage to winter vegetables and flowering annuals.

Many hundreds of the young trees planted alongside the roads in the New Territories were also blown down by these gales but, as they were given prompt attention, they appear to have suffered very little permanent injury.

GARDENS & GROUNDS.

Botanic Gardens.-Winter-flowering annuals in the first quarter of the year were not as good as usual owing to the previous exceptionally wet autumn.

The gardens were gay throughout the year with either flower- ing trees or shrubs.

A bed of Iris tectorum, the roof Iris of Japan, was particularly good in the Old Garden.

Rhododendron Championc, which generally flowers in April, flowered in January.

A young plant of Clerodendron splendens, a crimson-flowered creeper, was received from the Royal Gardens, Kew, in 1913.

At the beginning of 1915 it was planted in the New Garden where it has done well.

Its flowers were produced freely in December, and it is un- doubtedly a great acquisition.

""

Poinsettias were planted in the "blue grass on both sides of the Albany entrance steps and their bright colouring was very attractive at the end of the year.

A plant of Phyllostachys nidularia, which was recently detected on the hills in Hongkong, was planted near the Bamboo group.

Several specimens of Cassia nodosa and Cassia javanica were planted in the gardens and they have made good progress. Both are fine flowering trees.

N 2

A small circular bed was made on the lawn near the big Banian tree in the Old Garden and planted with Mussaenda erythrophylla but the plants have not done well, although a specimen in another part of the gardens seems quite happy.

A bed of seedling Hippeastrums was planted near the circular Poinsettia bed in the Old Garden.

In the Glenealy rockeries several young tree ferns, Alsophila tomentosa, were planted.

The Bromelia hedge along the Garden Road boundary, which was always unsightly, was removed. The Hibiscus plants which now take the place of it are much more pleasing to the eye.

The lawns on the lower terrace in the Old Garden were badly attacked by caterpillars in the autumn but by treating them with a mixture of Jeyes' Fluid and water no great damage was done.

The concrete surfaces of several of the walks having perished they were removed and replaced with disintegrated granite and

cement.

The gates at the main, College Gardens, Macdonnell Road and Albany entrances had to be renewed as they had become rotten.

The plant houses were repaired and painted in the autumn.

All steps and side channels were re-pointed.

Many labels to trees and shrubs were renewed.

On January 15th a concert was given on the lower terrace in the Old Garden by the Philippine Constabulary Band and was largely attended.

The Flower Show of the Hongkong Horticultural Society was held in the Old Garden on the 4th and 5th March, and financially it was the most successful the Society has held.

The exhibits of flowering plants were by no means up to the average but those of vegetables, except in a few cases, were quite good.

Concerts were held in the Old Garden on the 2nd and 9th October by the Hongkong Police Reserve and another on the 21st October by the Red Cross Society.

The damage done was trifling but the matsheds which were erected as bandstands remained unsightly structures until the second week in December.

Government House Grounds.-The bamboo hedge at the servants' entrance to the house was replaced with Chrysalidocarpus lutescens.

N 3

A hedge of Chrysalidocarpus was also planted near the stables.

The plants of Bambusa Fortunei which were growing in the Camellia bed near the same place were taken up and the ground covered temporarily with Begonia samper florens.

Several shrubs in the long bed on the east side of the grounds which had become worn out were replaced by others.

Patches of lawns which had become bare were re-turfed and all the tennis lawns were given a dressing of manure.

In the autumn, lawn caterpillars were very troublesome and were kept in check by the use of Jeyes' Fluid and water.

Mountain Lodge Grounds.-The old chunam tennis court was ..taken up, soil laid on to a depth of 2 feet, and the surface turfed.

This alteration has very much improved the look of the grounds.

The Pancratiums in the bed at the foot of the big retaining wall were taken up and replanted alongside streams in the grounds.

Small shrubs and herbaceous plants were put in to fill up the places caused by the removal of the Pancratiums.

Several Ixoras were planted on rising ground above the approach road to the house.

About 100 Hydrangeas were planted on the hillside to the south of the big stream and various shrubs in other parts of the grounds.

New paths were made on the hillside overlooking Pokfulam.

The lawns were given a dressing of nitrate of soda.

Between 3,000 and 4,000 bulbs of Lycoris squamigera were planted in various places.

The long grass under the shrubs in the valley to the east of the house and under the Cryptomerias at the west of the grounds was cut when necessary.

The paths were re-surfaced with disintegrated granite as occasion required.

All the seats were painted and two additional ones added.

The Hydrangeas when in flower were a picture worth going a long walk to see.

Torenia concolor has found a congenial home in the valley near the big stream and during the summer its dark blue flowers made a very pleasing sight.

N 4

Blake Garden.-The summer house which was mentioned as under construction in last year's report was finished early in the year. It is a picturesque structure and harmonizes well with the one previously erected in the garden.

In places where Agaves were removed, low fences were erected and these were covered with flowering creepers.

Several plants of Ficus repens were put in at the foot of the wall on the south side of the garden.

On the 21st December a fire broke out in one of the blocks of houses on the north side of the garden, and the heat was so intense that two trees of Aleurites and a grass bank were very much damaged.

People from the houses in the vicinity of the fire rushed into the garden bringing their goods with them and a fern rockery suffered great injury by the crowd.

Peak Garden.-The lawns in this small plot were cut as required and the place kept tidy.

The Hydrangeas on the banks flowered well.

West End Park.-Gangs of coolies were employed when necessary to cut the grass and remove selfsown seedling trees and shrubs.

By persistent efforts Mimosa pudica has been brought under control.

The young Poinciana trees were manured and re-staked as required.

The notice boards were renewed.

King's Park.-Several plants of Ficus were put in to cover the bare cuttings made in connection with the formation of a new nullah.

Nine Poincianas were planted near the upper boundary.

Gangs of women were frequently employed in rooting up Lantana and Mimosa. They did the work without payment on being allowed to carry away the Lantana and long grass.

Several persons were prosecuted for allowing goats to trespass and damage young trees and shrubs in the park.

The Bauhinia caricyata trees planted a few years ago looked remarkably well when in flower.

N 5

Colonial Cemetery.--Poinsettias were planted in the shrub- beries on both sides of the walk leading from the entrance to the fountain and these made a good show in the autumn.

The graves in the children's plot which are under trees were planted with "blue grass" and this has much improved this part of the cemetery.

The Banian trees in the vicinity of the chapel were pruned to prevent their branches damaging the roof during typhoons.

Several bare cuttings were planted with Ficus repens to hide their ugliness.

Shrubs obstructing the view of headstones were pruned as required.

The walks which are not concreted were repaired with disinte- grated granite.

year.

The flower beds were kept bright with annuals throughout the

An area was cleared of shrubs and trees to enable the Public Works Department to carry out an extension.

Royal Square Garden.—Cannas were removed from the shrub- beries in these plots to allow for the development of the shrubs.

The flower beds were kept filled with annuals and other flowering plants.

The four trees of Bauhinia Blakeana have grown well and they were greatly admired when in flower during the winter months.

Poinsettias also made a good show in the late autumn.

The lawn in the northern plot was attacked by caterpillars towards the end of the year and was given a dressing of Jeyes Fluid and water which killed a large percentage of these pests.

Civil Hospital Grounds.—After the removal of the matsheds which were erected on the lawns in the previous year, the areas were re-turfed.

Several bamboo hedges which had become very ragged were taken up and replanted.

On the upper terrace under the trees "blue grass was planted and this has very much improved the appearance of the grounds at this place.

A hedge of Chrysalidocarpus was planted inside the fence on the south side of the grounds.

N 6

The big Banian trees in the lower grounds were pruned.

The garden seats were repaired and repainted.

In September caterpillars were found damaging the lawns but an application of Jeyes' Fluid and water proved effectual in checking the damage.

Royal Observatory Grounds.--The lawns and banks were weeded and cut as required.

Flowering trees and shrubs in the grounds were pruned and

staked.

""

Where “blue grass was washed out by heavy rains replanting was done.

The flower beds were from time to time filled with annuals and numbers of annuals were grown in pots for decorative purposes.

Several pine trees which had died were cut down and removed.

Lower Albany Nursery.-Additional Poinsettias were planted where space was available. These with those previously planted made a brilliant show at the end of the year.

The cannas were taken up, divided, and replanted, and through- out the summer they were quite an attractive feature.

The Russelia along the top of the nullah flowered well.

Some of the beds were planted up with annuals and these added to the brightness of the grounds.

Eleven trees of Bauhinia Blakeana were planted and should make a good show in a few years from now.

One bed was sown with seeds of Iris tectorum: and a stock of young plants has been obtained for planting elsewhere.

Peak Tramway Banks.-East of the tramline below May Road, 224 red-flowered Rhododendrons were planted and 20 on the side below Kennedy Road.

Fifteen Hibiscus Lambertianus were planted in various places along the line.

Forty-eight Poinsettias were planted above Macdonnell Road and 2 Allamandas below Kennedy Road.

The Hibiscus shrubs previously planted were in flower practically the whole year through.

N 7

Bauhinia variegata flowered well in March and Bauhinia Blakeana from the beginning of October up to the end of the year and are still in flower at the time of writing, the end of February.

The Allamandas at Kennedy Road Station flowered magnificent- ly throughout the summer.

At the lower tram terminus Poinsettias made a brilliant show from the middle of November to the end of the year.

On the hillside near the Peak and Barker Road Stations 74 Hydrangeas were planted.

The Hydrangeas previously planted near the Peak Station made a good show when in flower.

Hongkong Club Plot. The turf on this plot was cut frequently throughout the year.

The Hibiscus shrubs were pruned early in the year and they gave an abundance of flowers for several months.

Roadside Banks and Rockeries.-The "blue grass" at the upper part of Glenealy was taken up and replanted.

In the rockeries at the upper end of Glenealy many plants of Alpinia nutans were taken out as they were overcrowding smaller plants.

The Nephrolepis around the Poinciana tree above Caine Road was taken up and replanted.

The rockeries below Caine Road were overhauled and many of the ferns replanted.

The plants in the rockery at the junction of the Peak and Garden Roads were replanted.

Shrubs on the plot above the garden tank at the junction of Bowen and Garden Roads were pruned and many of the Agaves removed.

On the west side of Garden Road, near St. Joseph's Church, "blue grass was planted on bare ground.

*

21

The blue grass

repaired.

at the west end of Kennedy Road was

On bare ground above the gardeners' cottages, Garden Road, "blue grass" was planted.

Blue grass

was also planted on bare ground in Garden

Road at the top of the Old Garden.

N S

In the plot adjoining the Dairy Co.'s premises. Wyndham Street, several Poinsettias were planted and these flowered well.

On the bank between the filter beds and Bowen Road nearly seven hundred Poinsettias were planted and they made a brilliant patch of colour towards the end of the year.

On the east side of the valley leading from Bowen Road to Wongneichong Gap, 350 red-flowered Rhododendrons were planted

Alongside the Broadwood Road about 60 Hibiscus Lambertianus were planted.

One hundred and eleven Acalyphas were planted on the bank near the Hunghom railway bridge.

Above St. John's Place 145 red-flowered Rhododendrons were put in.

At Battery Path 24 Hydrangeas were planted.

The Rhododendrons at this place flowered freely.

Government Offices Grounds.-Several plants of Poinsettia were planted in these grounds but most of them have not done well.

A small patch was planted up with "blue grass" and a plant of Bauhinia variegata put in.

The grounds were kept in a tidy condition and the grass cut when required.

Volunteer Parade Ground.-The bare places which were on this ground are now more or less covered with grass and the whole was kept cut once a week during the summer.

The hedges were clipped as required.

Government Bungalows' Grounds.-The turf on the lawns and banks was cut and the flowering shrubs were kept in order.

The part of the lawn at the Villas" which was damageil owing to the alteration of the boundary wall was returfed.

Children's Plot, Kowloon.-A gardener was employed daily in sweeping and keeping the plot in order.

The grass was cut once a week during the sunumer.

The young trees were given a dressing of manure.

Cricket Ground.-This has received constant attention.

N 9

After every match bare places were repaired with good turf.

Weeds were removed as soon as they were discovered and the pitch was machined once a week during the summer.

Subordinate Officers' Quarters.—The lawns of the Breezy Point Quarters were cut regularly once a week during the summer.

Water Police Station, Kowloon.-The Banian trees in this garden were lopped.

'Blue grass

was planted where there were bare patches and a Chrysalidocarpus hedge was put in to shut off the back quarters.

Bacteriological Institute.-Six Poinciana trees were planted in these grounds.

Peak School. On the completion of the building the level ground around it was turfed, with the exception of a small circular plot which was planted with Hibiscus and Hydrangea shrubs.

A big bank on the south side was turfed and planted up with Tristania trees.

HERBARIUM.

The thanks of the Department are due to Mr. S. T. Dunn for his revision of the species of Derris in the Hongkong collection.

Seventy-nine specimens of plants, a most acceptable gift, were presented by Miss A. D. Hancock who collected them on the Lo Fou Mountains.

Most of these were not represented in our herbarium from this locality and a few of them were new to the Kwangtung Flora.

Captain Hodgins presented specimens which he collected at the coast ports, Saigon, Singapore, and Penang.

About 100 specimens collected locally were added to the collection.

A list of additions to the local flora is given in a supplement.

FORESTRY.

Formation of Pine Tree Plantations.--On the bare hills in blocks 9a and 9в on the south side of the Kowloon range of hills, about 47,000 one year old seedlings were planted.

In the same locality 22,000 sites were sown with seeds.

In the Tytam catchment area 14,000 sites were sown with seeds.

N 10

On Mt. Kellett south, Shunwan, and Aplichau, 29 b of seed were sown broadcast in areas where trees had previously been destroyed by fire.

On the southern slopes of the Kowloon hills and on the hills around the Kowloon reservoir, 272 lb of seed were sown broadcast in grass lands where previous sowings had failed.

At Fanling, on hills near the Golf Course, 50 lb. of seed were sown broadcast.

Last year's broadcast sowings on the southern slopes of the Kowloon hills were remarkably successful.

Broad-leaved Trees Planted. In the Tytam catchment area about 6,000 trees were planted consisting of Tristania, Eucalyptus, and Casuarina.

In the Pokfulam valley 1,000 Melaleuca were put in.

At Fanling over 1,400 Tristania and about 400 Casuarina were planted on low hills near the relief Golf Course.

Near the Golf Club House, Fanling, 400 Tristania, 400 Casuarina, 56 Eucalyptus, 40 Aleurites, 53 Ficus retusa, 230 Ficus infectoria, 12 Pterocarpus, and 9 Folienia were planted.

On the hill near the 17th green, Fanling, 200 Tristania were planted.

Twenty-four Eucalyptus trees were planted alongside the fairways to the 15th and 16 greens, Fanling.

On Mt. Parish around the Subordinate Officers' Quarters 270 Tristania were planted.

Care of Trees in Plantations.-Creepers damaging trees were cut in plantations on Mt. Gough, Mt. Victoria, Mt. Nicholson, Mt. Kellett and at Deepwater Bay.

Dead trees were taken out of plantations in various parts of the island.-

Fortunately there was no return of the caterpillar plague on pine trees referred to in last year's report.

Protection from Fire.-A new fire barrier was made on the south side of Mt. Kellett to protect the young trees in the vicinity.

The old barriers were cleared before the Chinese Autumn Festival which took place on the 17th October.

The day happened to be very wet so there was no risk from fire on that occasion.

"

N 11

The Department is indebted to the Honourable the Secretary for Chinese Affairs for kindly arranging for District Watchmen to assist the Forest Officers in watching for fires at both the spring and autumn festivals.

The thanks of the Department are also due to the Honourable the Captain Superintendent of Police for allowing his officers at outstations to engage coolies and supervise the extinction of fires occurring in the vicinity of their stations.

In all, 36 fires were reported during the year, 4 in the first quarter, 21 in the second, 4 in the third, and 7 in the fourth.

The biggest fire occurred on Mt. Davis where about 500 young pine trees were destroyed. The damage would have been much greater if the fire had not been stopped by fire barriers.

Forest Guards' Service. Altogether 363 persons were arrested for forestry offences compared with 321 in the previous year. Particulars are given in Tables II and III.

Towards the end of September a big area of illicit tree-cutting was detected by Forest Guards in the vicinity of Kanghau and Tinsam, New Territories.

Officers were put on to watch and they succeeded in arresting a man and a woman, both residents of Kanghau.

They were fined $10 each or 14 days imprisonment; the man went to gaol but the woman paid the fine.

At my request the Kanghau villagers were warned by the District Officer some nonths previously, but apparently without effect.

Ten contractors had suns amounting to $100 deducte from their securities for damage done to trees by their workmen in the vicinity of their matsheds."

Timber Felling. There were several rather large fellings during the year and towards the end of the year tenders were invited for a block of pine trees comprising between 20 and 30 acres at Pokfulam.

This plantation is evidently dying, and it was thought that it would better to obtain a tender for the removal of the trees in their present state than to loss everything by their death.

Fellings were made on lots owned by the Dairy Farm Co., also at Aberdeen in connection with Chinese New Cemetery, and at various other places for building purposes.

Planting and Care of Roadside Trees.-Six hundred and eighty trees were planted alongside roads in Hongkong and Kowloon.

N 12

Many of these were flowering trees, principally Poinciana. Over 100 of these were planted along the Victoria Road and another 100 between Deepwater Bay and Repulse Bay.

In places near Deepwater Bay, which were unsuitable for Poinciana or flowering trees, Banians were put in.

Bamboos to the extent of 300 feet were planted along Kennedy Road and Mt. Kellett Road.

The bamboo hedge at the northern end of the Wongueichong Recreation Ground had become very ragged and about 1,500 feet were taken up and replanted.

Ten additional trees of Bauhinia variegata were planted in Royal Square between the Queen Victoria Statue and the harbour. Those planted in 1914 flowered well in March.

White ants appear to be particularly fond of Camphor trees and they are exceeding difficult to eradicate when once they attack a tree.

They have been kept in check by applications of Jeyes' Fluid, Carbolineum and kerosene.

Celtis trees are a favourite host for Loranthus chinensis and every year foresters are employed in removing this parasite after these trees have shed their leaves.

Branches of trees in proximity to telephone wires and occluding light of street lamps were removed.

At various places along the Bowen and Magazine Gap Roads, where seats are placed, trees were cut back so as to give an uninter- rupted view of the harbour.

In several roads large Banian trees had to be cut down to allow of the erection of new buildings.

In Nathan Road, Kowloon, many of the young Aleurites trees were damaged by goats. One person was arrested in connection with this and fined $3 by the magistrate.

Several of the Cryptomeria trees on the bank near the Mount Austin Barracks were stripped of their bark and killed by goats.

Holes in large Banian trees growing in different parts of the city were filled up with cement to prevent them becoming breeding places for mosquitoes.

Shataukok - Castle Peak Road. The widening of the road. between Fanling and Santin was completed during the year and trees were planted on the section between Fanling and the Golf Club Road. The remainder was not finished in time to admit of planting this year but it will be done in 1916.

N 13

Trees which had failed on the side previously planted were replaced by others. Altogether 430, consisting of Fieus, Poinciana, Camphor, Melaleuca and Albizzia were planted.

Several of the trees near Pingshan were destroyed by water buffaloes. The Police arrested three persons and foresters one, in connection with the matter, and all were fined $10 each by the District Officer.

This has had a salutary effect on the villagers.

Fanling-Taipo Road.-Upwards of 1,300 trees were planted between Fanling and Taipo Market. As the road was completed to its full width, trees were planted on both sides.

They consisted of Poinciana, Albizzia and Camphor.

Where the road passes under the railway near Taipo Market and at other sharp bends in it, bamboo hedges were planted as a slight help to drivers of motor cars after dark.

Fanling Hills-In addition to the broad-leaved trees planted on these hills upwards of 4,000 flowering trees and shrubs were planted in various places.

They consisted of 753 Poinsettia, 1,373 Hydrangea, 468 Alla- manda, 564 Mussienda, 681 Callistemon, 322 Bauhinia variegata, 80 Bauhinia purpuren, 40 Bauhinia Blakeana, 88 Acacia, 80 Lager- stroemia, 310 Hibiscus, 77 Erythrina, 20 Cassia Fistula and 3 Poinciana.

Over a thousand bulbs of Lycoris aurea were planted on the low hills between the first and second greens.

The Cannas in the beds were taken up, divided and replanted after the beds had been manured.

A new Canna bed was made near the fourteenth green.

The Allamandas near the second and ninth greens flowered profusely and continued in flower throughout the summer.

The Cannas did not do so well as in the previous year, and they were constantly attacked by insects which were very difficult to keep in check.

Russelias near the fifth green gave a great deal of bloom and are promising well.

Poinsettias did not do so well as expected but they gave a fair amount of colour at the ninth green.

At the fourteenth tee the Acacias flowered well. Most of these are Acucia pennata which flowered in July and the remainder Acacia Farnesiana which flowered at the end of the year.

N 14

Around the hill where the Ladies' Bungalow stands Hibiscus Lambertianus was in flower for the greater part of the year.

Hydrangeas near the first green flowered fairly well.

Near the ninth and tenth greens Mussaendas made good pro- gress and furnished abundance of flower well into the autumn.

A bed of Lilium longiflorum was planted near the first green in October.

The broad-leaved trees which were planted near the Club House and on the hills near the Relief Course made satisfactory growth.

Flowering Trees and Shrubs.-A list of flowering trees and shrubs planted during the year and the localities in which they were planted is given in Table IV.

Many of those planted in previous years now make a good show when in flower and it is satisfactory to know that this work of the Department is highly appreciated by residents and visitors alike.

Forestry Service Paths. The paths in Hongkong and Kowloon were repaired at the end of the summer.

The ride through the Little Hongkong woods was also put in order but it does not appear to be much used at present.

The path leading up to the U Kau tin waterfall, which had become more or less overgrown, was cleared and repaired.

Clearing Undergrouth around Houses.-Over 6,000,000 square feet were cleared for anti-malarial purposes in Hongkong, Kowloon and the New Territories.

The areas cleared included those around the Police Stations at Kennedy Town, Aberdeen, Stanley, Mt. Gough, The Peak, Kowloon and Taipo.

year.

No clearing was done for the Military Authorities during the

Clearing for Survey Purposes. -About 700,000 square feet were cleared for the Public Works Department in connection with surveys.

Tracks were also cleared for Messrs. Denison, Ram and Gibbs, at their expense, to enable them to make surveys for the proposed tramline between Wongneichong and Little Hongkong.

N 15

Forestry Licences, Neu Territories.-The fees collected under this heading amounted to $4,859.18. Of this amount $3,057.21 was collected in the Northern District and $1,793.97 in the Southern District. I am indebted to the courtesy of the District and Assistant District Officers for these two returns.

NURSERIES, AGRICULTURE, &c.

Between 80,000 and 90,000 pine tree seedlings were raised in the Beacon Hill Nursery for planting in 1916.

Several thousand broad-leaved trees were also raised in this nursery for planting along the New Territories roads and elsewhere.

A part of the Fanling Garden was also used for raising broad- leaved and flowering trees for planting in the New Territories.

In the Lower Forestry Store Nursery and in the Botanic Gardens' Nurseries several thousand Australian and other trees were raised for forestry purposes.

In the Fanling Garden several kinds of vegetables were grown to demonstrate to the natives the varieties suitable for growing for the Hongkong market.

Several experiments were made with artificial fertilizers and in many cases their superiority over farmyard manure was clearly demonstrated.

Through the courtesy of the Imperial Commissioner of Agricul- ture for the West Indies a quantity of Onion seed was received from Tenerife, part of which was sown on the Fanling Garden.

The seed was sown on October 9th and germinated well and at the end of the year they were beginning to form bulbs.

By the third week in February of this year very serviceable onions were obtained.

So far as I know this is the first time that onions have been produced in Hongkong.

Many people have grown_them in the past but these are the first bulbs, locally grown, that I have seen.

Several plants of Spineless Cacti were received from the Agricultural Department, Washington, and these will be tried in the Fanling Garden. Those already there are in a healthy condition but they have not made much growth.

Seeds of the Litchi were sent to the Agricultural Department, Washington, and to the Under Secretary of State, Cairo, for experimental purposes.

N 16

A quantity of Desmodium tortuosum, in a green state, was given to the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon with a request that it might be tried as fodder for cattle.

He informed me later that Chinese cattle, water buffaloes and an Indian mule preferred it to hill grass and ate it readily.

A quantity of seed has been saved and further experiments will be made with it.

Seeds of the Persimmon were sent to Nairobi at the request of the Forest Department.

From the Department of Agriculture, Washington, a sample of Chinese string was received with a request for its identification as it was being imported into America in larger quantities than formerly.

The plant proved to be Cyperus tegetiformis, which is also the source of China matting.

Several Botanic Gardens applied for seeds of Aleurites Fordii and Aleurites montana for experimental purposes.

These are the trees from which the Tung Oil of commerce is obtained and it is largely used in America for making varnish.

The first rice crop was good but the second was poor in many places owing to the lateness of the rains. Much damage was done to the latter crop by the gales which occurred just before harvesting commenced.

Litchis were below the average but peanuts were good.

PRESENTATIONS TO THE DEPARTMENT.

The thanks of the Department are due to the following who presented seeds or plants:-Mr. H. Humphreys; Captain A. E. Hodgins, S.S. "Haiyang"; Mr. M. J. D. Stephens; Mr. E. P. Bradbury, Santa Barbara, California; Department of Agriculture, Washington; Miss Loureiro; Conservator of Forests, Nairobi; Dr. Keyt; Mr. Chan Chik Yu; Mrs. A. Milroy Director of Botanic Gardens, Jamaica; Mr. R. Shewan; and Director of Agriculture, Fiji.

The following were the principal recipients of seeds or plants-Mr. S. B. C. Ross, Taipo; Lai Chuen Farm, Fanling; Manager, Kowloon-Canton Railway; Mr. H. Humphreys; Captain A. E. Hodgins, S.S. "Haiyang"; Mr. G. K. Hall Brutton; Mr. G. N. Orme, Fanling; H. E. the Governor, Fiji; Mr. A. F. Churchill; Mr. T. K. Wong, Director of Agricultural Experiment Station, Canton; Conservator of Forests, Nairobi; Director, Botanic Gardens, Sin- gapore; Director of Agriculture, Northern Nigeria; Economic Botanist, Government Botanic Gardens, Bangalore; Director of Horticulture, Cairo; and Agricultural Adviser to the Government of India, Pusa, Bengal.

N 17

STAFF.

The Superintendent was on vacation leave from the 13th June to the 28th July and the Assistant Superintendent went on long leave on the 24th September. The Head Gardener, Mr. Luk Tsun Fai, was absent on vacation leave for 12 days; the Assistant Clerk. Mr. Mak Kun, 6 days; the Head Forester, Mr. Wong Shing Po. 2 days; the Assistant Head Forester, Mr. Un Kam Po, 10 days; the First Herbarium Assistant, Mr. Fung King Wan, 14 days: and the Foreman Forester, Mr. Li Kam Fuk, 6 days

W. J TurcHER,

9th March, 1916.

Superintendent

Table I.

RAINFALL, 1915.

Botanic Gardens.

DATE.

Jan.

Feb.

Mar. April May June July

Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov.

Dec.

inch. \ inch. inch. inch. inch. inch. inch. inch.

2,

90.

*07

*07

885

10.

18

*05

*03

9,

10,

*19

11,

12,

'12

13,

*01

*75

14,

15,

16,

·10

inch. inch. inch.

inch.

*46

2.79

ZT.

1:59

•11

1:08

•20

*46

80.

80.

*03

26: ¦ ¦6Å: 2298:

க்க்கீ: :

*16

TO.

*12

: 827E2: ONEE

18.

89.

80.

·16

*02

*04

*76

3:41

2.68 *02

IO.

TO.

FO.

'71

12

*03

88.

2:50

*49

*93

*16

*04

*41

*02

2:42

2:08

80.

TO.

TO.

*02

*21

3.39

2.12

1.84

•13 1.39

of.

19.

*02

2200

89.

89.

*02

17

•10

IO.

*05 *03

12

*35

*07

∙17

*59

*07

80.

•17

.24

90.

*41

ཚཥ་

19.

- N 18 -

17,

18,

19,

20,

21,

22.

23,

24,

25,

26,

27,

28,

29,

30,

31,

Table 1,-Continued.

DATE.

Jan. Feb.

Mar. April May June July Aug. Sept.

Oct. Νον. Dec.

Total,

N 19

inch. inch. inch. inch.

inch. ↑ inch. inch. inch.

inch.

inch.

inch. inch.

'01

ུཙརྱ

13 *39

'07 4'07

3:09

*53 *02

*01

1.66

*52 1.37 *46

*90

6.21

*01

*01

*57

1.70

*02

1:04

*04

·10

'06

*67

1:44

*07

*06

*07

*36

•27

*02

*04

*32

ΟΙ

222 22

*07

*24

*08

16

*02

1.14

*05

*01

.10

'02

*031·20

*27

*04

•17

*01

1.66

*05

*16

*87

*50

*25

1:33

*54 1

*45

71

·16

24

*54

51 3.73

2.71

12:17 12:61: 16:13 9:35

9:35 6:28 12.972:51

*98

Total for the year 80:49 inches. Average for the last ten years at the Botanic Gardens---88:51 inches. Total rainfall registered at the Hongkong Observatory for the year-76025 inches.

Table II.

FOREST GUARDS' SREVICE: OFFENCES.

REPORT OF

Village or District. Block. Compartment.

Pine

tree

Pine tree Pine tree branches needles

Brush-

wood

stealing. stealing. stealing. stealing.

Grass

cutting.

Wild Wild C'attle flowe:s fruits grazing stealing. stealing. plantation.

1ཀ སྐྱུ

KINENS

Victoria,

Wongneichong,

Shaukiwan,

Tytam............

A.B.D.E.F.G. A.B.C.D.E.F.G. A.B.C.D.E F.

A.B.C.

A.B.C.F. A.B.C.D.E.F.G. A.B.C.D.E.F.G. A.B.C.E.

Stanley,

Aberdeen,

Pokfulam,

Kowloon,

Harbour Belt,

A.B.C.D.

Cheungshawan,

10

Kanghau,

11

New Territories,

Co

6

15

B

2

16

5月59724363

14

K - NOI

9

20

23

1

3

10

16

6

11

65

--- N 20 -

Total for 1915,

43

64

12

98

105

21

16

Total for 1914,

26

41

28

93

105

10

17

N 21

Table III.

POLICE COURT RESULTS.

Cases.

1915.

1914.

50 cents to $1 fine,

28

22

$1.50

1

0

""

$2

35

29

31

$3

67

67

""

$4 to $5

40

45

""

$7

1

22

6$

0

1

""

$10 to $25

2 days' imprisonment,

13

32

29

5

0

3

4

"

9

:

5 to 7 days'

47

25

""

8 to 14

21

15 to 31

""

12

26

29

وو

:

7

Ӧ

6 weeks'

2 months'

Whipping with the birch,

Discharges,

Withdrawals,

Forfeiture of Bail,

Personal Bond,

1

2

1

1

0

2

73

45

:

0

1

6

4

1

:

4

Total,

363

321

Locality.

Bauhinia

Blakeana.

Bauhinia

purpurea.

Bauhinia

variegata.

Hydrangea.

Rhododendron.

Table IV.

FLOWERING TREES AND SHRUBS PLANTED.

Poinciana.

Hibiscus.

Cotton (Bombax),

Allamanda.

Ixora.

Cassia Fistula.

Callistemon.

Acacia.

Fanling Golf Course,

Pokfulam Reservoir,

40

11

80

322 1,373

310

468

20 681

88

77 564

:

Albany Nullah,

Garden Road,

Barker Road,.

Bacteriological Institute,

Battery Path,..

Pokfulam Road,

Bowen Road,...

Broadwood Road,.......

Deepwater Bay,

Kennedy Road,......

Kowloon Roads,

Victoria Road,

King's Park,

May Road....

Mountain Lodge Grounds,

Peak School,

145

20

8:

80

753 4,859

20

11

41

189

74

74

6

Queen's Road,

Repulse Bay,.

Royal Square,

Peak Tramline,...

72

10

20

15

2

Wongueichong Road.

Fanling - Taipo Road,

Castle Peak - Fanling Road,

Magazine Gap,

Mountain View,

Total,..

52

80

351 1,558 753 892

398

31

483

27 | 20 681

24

9

2

72

31

47

19

45

15S

9

224

76

8

377

125

350

:::སཊཿ ::སྣུས

13

27

33

624

627

118

47

19

45

158

9

232

116

9

2

72

10

48

86

377

125

350

1

7

888

77

17

564

80

1,4697,604

Erythrina.

Mussaenda frondosa.

Lagerstroemia.

Poinsettia.

N 22 -

Total.

Locality. Kowloon Tsai, Fanling,... East Point,

N 23

Table V.

NURSERIES.

Timber Sales,...

Total,

Table VI.

REVENUE.

Revenue.

1915.

$

c.

1,208.32

:

Expenses.

$ 713.80 307.00 34.10

$1,054.90

1914.

C.

$ 1,602.36

Auction Sale of Plants,

642.20

Loan of Plants,

126.12

Forestry Licences, .

4,859.18

341.28 4,977.23

Interest on Current Account,

9.05

Miscellaneous Receipts,..

4.95

10.18 3.16

Fine Fund,

21.85

Total,

$ 6,871,67 $ 6,934.21

Table VII.

Comparative Statement of Revenue and Expenditure from the Years 1906 to 1915.

Years. Total Expenditure. Total Revenue.

% of Revenue to Expenditure.

1906

$ 46,796.19

C.

$

C.

%

6,898.64

14.74

1907

44,131.14

7,730.52

17.52

1908

48,973.20

11,586.43

23.66

1909

43,694.46

11,441.51

26.12

1910

41,707.95

13,230.59

31.72

1911

45,750.85

7,769.82

16.98

1912

39,865.18

2,304,91

5.78

1913

48,745.88

8,352.06

17.13

1914

49,095.97

6,934.21

14.12

1915

49,404.56

6,871.67

13.91

- N 24

Supplement.

ADDITIONS TO THE FLORA OF HONGKONG AND THE NEW

TERRITORIES.

1. Ilex myriadenia, Hance.-A solitary specimen on the hill- side below Barker Road. Only previously recorded from the Lienchow River.

2. Euonymus hederaceus, Champ.-Found covering the ground in a wood at Tatiyan. Known from Hongkong, Fokien and Shantung.

3. Meliosma rigida, S. & Z.-In a wood at Tatiyan. Only previously recorded from Kwangtung from Swatow, but known from Formosa, the Loochoos, Japan and the Himalayas.

4. Medicago denticulata, Willd.-Collected in King's Park, Kowloon. Recorded from Formosa and Hupeh but not previously from Kwangtung.

5. Dalbergia Balansa, Prain.-Several trees of this species were discovered on the south side of Mount Parker. Known from Kwangtung, Fokien and Tonkin but not hitherto recorded from Hongkong.

6. Bauhinia acuminata, L.-This was found in a ravine on the east side of Mount Caroline. Recorded from China without locality, also known from India and Malaya.

7. Justicia procumbens, L.-Found at Taipo and Shataukok alongside roads. Widely spread in China, East Indies and Australia.

8. Litsea multiumbellata, H. Lec.-Collected at Shataukok, Taipo Market. Taimoshan and Lantao. Only previously known from Tonkin.

Appendix O.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF EDUCATION FOR THE YEAR 1915.

D

SUMMARY OF CONTENTS:

Revenue and Expenditure.

Classification of Schools :-

(a) Schools to which the Ordinance does not apply :-

Government Schools.

Military and Police Schools.

Excluded Private Schools.

&

(b) Controlled Schools :-

Grant Schools.

Private Schools.

Subsidised (New Territories) Schools.

(c) The Technical Institute.

Numbers of Pupils.

University Matriculation and Local Examinations.

General.

---

TABLES.

I.-Government Schools.

II. Grant Schools: Annual Grant List.

III.-Chart: Total Pupils in English and Vernacular Schools.

IV. Percentage of Colonial Revenue spent on Education.

V.-University Examination Results.

VI.--Fees Remitted to Free Scholars.

VII.-Technical Institute: Balance Sheet.

Do.

Figures of former years extracted,

D

VIII.--

0 2

REVENCE AND EXPENDITURE.

(Tables I, II, IV, VI, VII, and VIII.)

After deducting the school fees received, the total nett expendi- ture on education was $242,359 ($216,848 in 1914). This is the largest amount spent in any year on education in the Colony. The increase is mainly in connection with the Ellis Kadoorie School, which was taken over by the Department at the beginning of the

year,

2. The ratio which expenditure on education bears to the total revenue of the Colony is 2·08 (2·03 in 1914, the lowest figure since 1906).

3. School and Technical Institute fees amounting to $85,713 were collected, ($75,792 in 1914). The increase is due to the Ellis Kadoorie School. In addition $3,823.50 fees were remitted to free scholars, ($3,566 in 1914).

4. The cost of the Government Schools is compared in Table I with the average of preceding years.

CLASSIFICATION OF SCHOOLS.

5. The Classification of Schools is that explained in paragraph 4 of my report for last year.

SCHOOLS TO WHICH THE ORDINANCE DOES NOT APPLY.

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.

(Table I.)

6. Kowloon and Victoria British Schools.--The average attend- ance was 131 (107 in 1914). By the beginning of the year, both schools had outgrown their accommodation and were overcrowded. At Kowloon School the living rooms have since been converted into additional classrooms and the lavatory accommodation has been considerably improved. The matshed has been done away with. At Victoria School one of the living rooms has been turned into a classroom.

7. The usual medical examination of pupils has been made. Some improvement is shewn in the teeth of the children, which are however still very defective, notwithstanding frequent appeals to the parents to have them properly treated. The general health has been good.

8. Classes 1 and 2 are now prepared as units for the University Senior and Junior Locals.

9. A system of individual monthly reports has been introduced, the object being to interest the parents in the work of their children, and to keep them informed of their progress. In order to secure the further co-operation of the parents, home work books have also been provided, in which parents are asked to state the length_of time devoted to home work each day. Both innovations have had a very good effect.

0 3

10. The work in these schools suffers inevitably from the small attendance and the consequent necessity of grouping children of diverse age and attaininents. Another handicap arises from the periodic departure of children for Home, during their parents' furlough. In most cases these children do not attend school while at Home, as the parents do not consider it worth their while to send them for so short a time. Such children return to school here after losing several months' schooling, and they become disheartened when they find their former equals ahead of them.

11. Discipline is satisfactory. All boys of ten years of age and over belong to the Cadet Corps.

12. Athletics are popular.

The Victoria School is fortunate in having attached to it an excellent field for football and hockey, as well as a Fives Court, which is much used. In summer the Cadets go on bathing expeditions at least once a week.

13. At the Victoria School some 24 children belong to the Ministering Children's League. Meetings are held monthly, girls bringing their sewing and the boys reading aloud or helping with the tea. The children assisted at the last annual Bazaar, the sale of articles they had made realising about $60.

14. The full report on Kowloon School made in July last was not altogether satisfactory. This was reported at the time. The following extracts are from a later report of the Inspector of English Schools:-

"I inspected the home work exercises and other books in the Senior Boys' Classes. The work is neat and tidy, and a great improvement upon that shown last Midsummer. In the Senior Girls' Classes very satisfactory work is being done. The monthly reports do not err on the side of lavish praise, but seem to be valuable criticisms of the pupils' work and conduct. These reports are read and initialled by the parents.

"Throughout the School, special attention should be given to hand-writing, the proper method of holding the pen being insisted upon.

Care should be taken that all written work is clean and neat. Suitable home tasks should be set daily, and no opportunities should be given for children to do such work on the school premises. All work carelessly or badly done in school should be done again at night, in addition to the ordinary home work.

There are, as in all schools, individual cases where work is un- satisfactory. The Headmaster is instructed to give special attention to such cases; also to report in writing to parents (without waiting for the monthly report) where he has serious cause to complain of the work or conduct of any pupil. "

15. Reporting on the Victoria School, which has made steady progress, the Inspector states that Arithmetic needs a great deal of attention. Composition, good in a few cases, also needs to be considerably improved. The correspondence is in some cases good.

0 4

16. The Peak School moved at the beginning of the Christmas term from temporary premises in the Peak Hotel to its newly erected quarters. The Headmistress was absent on leave through the greater part of the year. The numbers fell off considerably in the summer months: the highest enrolment was 39 in December. The school has everything in its favour, and looks like becoming a

success.

17. To meet the difficulty of classifying nearly 40 children ranging in age from 4 years to 11, a third Mistress was appointed to take charge of the Kindergarten Class.

18. Afternoon school for Infants was closed during the summer months, and attendance of other children was made optional. In future, all except those in the Infant Class will be expected to attend afternoon school, unless their parents specially apply for their exemption. Children are much more likely to suffer harm from spending the afternoon wandering aimlessly along the roads with their amahs, or listening to their converse, than from sitting in a cool classroom occupied in light and interesting tasks.

19. The following extracts are from the Inspector's reports:--

In Arithmetic, great attention is necessary both as to neatness and method, although some of the older children did fairly good work. History, taught in the form of stories, is a popular and successful subject.

"In Composition, considerable originality was displayed, but the children should be taught to make shorter sentences. Through- out the written papers confusion frequently resulted from the too frequent use of pronouns.

"Nature Study was weak. The drawings were not hold enough -in many cases they were microscopic-and were consequently useless as illustrations. At this early stage, when teaching the children about flowers and plants, it would be advisable to select only those that grow locally.

46

Drawing was very creditable, some very pretty and clever work being done.

"It is noteworthy that in the case of all written work, that done by the girls was much superior to that of the boys.

Singing was good, and evidently much enjoyed.

"Each child is now provided with a Report Book, in which the Head Mistress reports monthly upon the work done. This report is then sent to the child's parents for their inspection and signature. At one time, there was an air of slackness and lax discipline; this has been dealt with and much stricter discipline has been insisted upon. Good results are already apparent; the children are more respectful, more obedient, more careful in their work; and it is satisfactory to be able to report that not only parents, but the children themselves, appreciate the stricter discipline to which they are now subjected.

"The school is now inspected and all the children medically examined quarterly by a Government Medical Officer. In his first Report, which is of recent date, Dr. McKenny writes :-

.

""

0 5

"The general condition of the children was good, and the chest expansion in almost every case excellent. This latter desirable state must, I have no doubt, be largely ascribed to the breathing exercises which are daily under- taken.'

'Athletic Sports were held in April, the Hon. Mr. Severn kindly granting the use of his lawns for the purpose, and providing tea for the children and their parents. The Meeting was most successful and it is hoped will become an annual function.

+6

During the summer, the elder boys were taken out by Mr. Severn in his yacht and taught to swim, the younger boys going, by the kind invitation of Mr. Wilkinson, to his swimming bath at the Peak. It is gratifying to report that by the end of the season all the boys were able to swim.'

20. Queen's College. The numbers are practically those of last year, the average attendance being 486 (490 in 1914).

21. The severer tests for promotion and entrance examinations have had much to do with keeping down the numbers. Neverthe- less this weeding process has not been carried far enough.

22. The Inspector's report on the Lower School is not cheerful reading. It is in charge of Mr. Tanner, who is Normal Master, and has for many years successfully trained his large class of pupil teachers.

23. It is pleasant to find that Chinese at the College is now one of the strongest subjects. This is mainly due to the persistence and devotion of the Translation Master, the Reverend H. R. Wells, who has created the existing system of study, and carried to completion after 4 years the pari passu system. Chinese now can become a class subject like any other; and if a boy has not enough Chinese for the class above his, he need not expect promotion into it. The cross classification entailed by the weakness of many pupils in this subject is now no longer necessary.

24. Shorthand is now seriously taught on the Commercial side, with promising results.

25. On the social side Queen's College has gained by the open- ing of its pavilion. In school and out of school when competing with its rivals it holds its own very well. Its weakness is the system of undeserved promotion, which gives to the public and to the boys themselves a false impression of the attainments of the school collectively.

26. The Inspector of Schools reports as follows :-~~-

66

The work of the Lower School (Classes 4-7) was not by any means up to the usual standard, and cannot be described as satis- factory. Class 4 (in all Divisions A, B, and C) was very weak and it is regrettable that so many boys in this class have, on the system of marking adopted in the College, qualified for promotion to a higher class. Throughout the school the standard for promotion is

0 6

too low, some boys qualifying for promotion who, on their examin- ation results, are unfit to proceed to the work of a higher class. The rule to the effect that marks obtained at the half-yearly examination be added to those awarded at the annual examination, has been allowed to fall into desuetude. I would recommend that the rule be followed in future.

"In Class 3A (Full Course) most of the subjects were fairly well done, but History, Translation and Geometry were unsatis- factory. In Dictation a very simple test was imposed, but the results were poor. Composition is still unsatisfactory, but an improvement is noticeable.

44

The Commercial Sections (A & B) of Class 3 take Geography, Book-keeping, Hygiene and Shorthand, in addition to the subjects taught in the Full Course, but omit History. Composition in both divisions of this class was better than in the Full Course Class A. It is regrettable that Arithmetic and Book-keeping, to which special attention should be devoted in a Commercial Course, were satisfactory in both divisions, Arithmetic especially being very poor indeed in the A Division.

33

un-

In Class 2, the boys in both Sections (Full and Commercial) were entered for the Junior Local Examination of the Hongkong University. 76 boys actually sat, and of these only 17 passed. "Distinction was awarded in 17 cases, distributed among 9 boys. In European History, all the candidates passed. Fairly successful results were shewn also in Classical Chinese (89-71% of passes), Arithmetic (85.5%) and Drawing (7778%). Trigonometry (57·14%) and Mathematics (47.30%) were fair; the remaining subjects were very poor, especially Book-keeping (12.24%).

6

It is regrettable that the results in English were not better, the percentage of passes being only 3378. Notwithstanding, only 8 candidates failed solely on account of their inability to pass in English. The results of the Shorthand Examination were very disappointing. A visiting master has since been appointed to teach Shorthand-essential in a Commercial Class-and more time is being devoted to the subject, so that a great improvement is looked for.

66

'No Class 2 boy who failed to pass the Junior Examination was promoted. As a result, the existing Class 2 is weakened by the retention of these failures. Each boy in the Class is now provided with a Report Book in which is entered monthly a report on the work he has done in each subject. The Head Master is thus enabled to follow the progress made by each individual. Through- out, special efforts are being made to ensure good results at the next examination.

66

All Class 1 boys entered for the Matriculation Examination of the Hongkong University. 19 actually sat, and of these 11 passed the Matriculation, 2 with Honours; and 4 were awarded the Senior Local Certificate, making a total of 15 passes (79%). The results were much more satisfactory than in Class 2. The weakest subjects were European History and Physics.

"At the request of the Education Department, the University Authorities agreed to conduct a Practical as well as a Written Examination in Physics. Arrangements have been made whereby the students keep in their Note Books a record of their practical

1

07

work in the Laboratory, and have occasional practice in writing out an account of what they have seen and heard in the lessons. A very great improvement has been made in recent months in this important part of the work.

66

Class 1 Junior Division.-It is not considered that there is any necessity to retain this division, since pupils who pass the Junior University Local when in Class 2 ought to be able to enter Class I and prepare for the Matriculation Examination without delay.

"Special University Class.-In September, 13 students nominat- ed by the Chinese Government to Scholarships at the Hongkong University arrived in the Colony from different parts of China. It was found that they required considerable preparation for the December Matriculation Examination, and a Special Class was therefore formed at Queen's College to which these students and a few Class 1 pupils were admitted. Mr. Kay was transferred from Wantsai Government School to take charge of the class and did excellent work.

The social life of the College, in which great progress is being made, is fully dealt with in the Head Master's Report.

27. District Schools.-The Ellis Kadoorie School was taken over by the Education Department on January 1st, 1915, with Mr. R. E. 0. Bird, formerly of Queen's College, as Head Master. The school rauking now as a District School, and working on the same lines, the Upper School (i.e.. Classes 1, 2, 3) has been abolished and attention concentrated on preparatory work. It is hoped that the school will in this way eventually become an important "feeder to Queen's College. The Inspector reports :-

бы

The Lower Classes consist entirely of new boys, and with these a very good beginning has been made. Getting nearer to top of the school, the work shewn was poorer in quality, a condition which I ascribe to inferior preparation in previous years.

66

Class 4, the highest class, was found to be very unsatisfactory, and really good results can hardly be looked for here.

"Reading gives evidence of having been taught at some time by inefficient Chinese Masters. Pronunciation was bad, all the common faults being in evidence, and it was impossible to under- stand the boys without reference to the book. Conversation was not good, nor did the boys appear very intelligent. Special attention is being given to Recitation with the object of improving Conversa- tion and pronunciation.

"Several dialogues have been prepared, and boys are encour- aged to learn these and deliver them in the Hall before their own

class, and sometimes in the presence of other classes. ("Oliver Twist" is being dramatised by Mr. Lam Kwan-shan, a Pupil Teacher, who possesses undoubted ability in this direction.) At other times Model Lessons, previously carefully learned, are given by the boys in turn. A lesson upon The Dog was given in quite good style by Class 4 boys, pictures and the Head Master's much-enduring terrier being used in illustration. These methods ought, in course of time, to produce very good results.

>>

“A more liberal supply of maps and pictures is necessary.

1

08

There is no School Library, nor are there even Reference Books for Teachers.

Drill is taken regularly and discipline throughout is good. Boys are encouraged to play games, and already considerable success has been achieved in Football and Volley Ball matches.

"During the summer months swimming is indulged in, the boys being taken out in steam launches under the supervision of the masters. A well-conducted Tuck Shop not only supplies the boys with cheap refreshments, but contributes a very useful sun annually to the Sports' Fund."

28. Saiyingpun Government School.-The Inspector reports:— "This school maintains its high standard of work. Special attention is devoted to Composition, Conversation and Hand- writing, with the result that these subjects are very good indeed, the work done in most classes being considerably in advance of what is expected. The weak subjects are Arithmetic and Dictation, especially the latter.

"A number of the Senior boys attended the First Aid Class at the Technical Institute, and it is gratifying to find that the nine candidates who passed the Junior First Aid Examination were all pupils at this school.

"Discipline throughout the school is excellent. Following the practice of previous years the school has enjoyed bathing parties and picnics. On Empire Day, some 350 boys accompanied by their masters, journeyed by steam launch to Cheung Chau, where sports were held on the beach. The boys on another occasion proceeded by train to Shatin, where a picnic was held.

"The bathing facilities provided by Goverment at Sulphur Channel were much appreciated by the boys.

"Football and Volley Ball are played with enthusiasm and considerable success.

"At the Annual Prize Distribution Mr. Ho Kom Tong, who distributed the awards, addressed the boys, laying particular stress upon the importance of acquiring a good knowledge, not only of English, but also of the Chinese language. Mr. Ho also announced that he had decided to give the school two Scholarships, to be known as the Ho Kom Tong" and the

" and the "Ralphs" Scholarship respectively. The boys were later entertained to tea and a cinema- tograph performance, through the generosity of certain of the parents, and afterwards an entertainment was given by Masters and boys. This was repeated next day to a crowded

house", large

66

numbers of parents and friends being unable to obtain seats.

"A Dramatic Club and an Orchestra have recently been formed, and add considerably to the amenities of school life. To the West River Flood Relief Fund the school contributed the sum of $616.84.”

29. Wantsui School.-Mr. Kay acted as Head Master until September when he was transferred to Queen's College. His place was taken by Mr. Williams from Ellis Kadoorie School, until the return of Mr. Brawn in December. It is noteworthy, as shewing the esteem in which the school is held in the neighbourhood, that after the China New Year vacation, one hundred and twenty applications, and after midsummer fifty applications for admission had to be refused on account of lack of accommodation.

30. The Inspector reports :

0 9

"The discipline appears to be quite satisfactory. The boys are for the most part polite and well-behaved. The rooms are generally tidy, but the arrangement of pictures and charts on the walls is inartistic.

"The boys take a great interest in Sports, the school holding the "District Schools Football Cup". Bathing picnics were orga- nized during the summer, and many of the boys learned to swim.

"On Empire Day the entire school journeyed in steam launches. to Cheung Chau Island for a picnic, the morning being devoted to sports arranged by the Head Master, the afternoon to swimming. A most enjoyable day was spent.

66

'The Masters and boys subscribed the sum of $250 for the relief of sufferers in the West River Floods."

31. Yaumati School.--Mr. Brawn left for England in March, his place as Head Master being taken by Mr. S. R. Moore. At the beginning of the year there were 245 boys on the roll; the number increased to 282 in May, and the attendance was good until the end of the year.

32. The Inspector reports:-

"The discipline is good as far as order is concerned, but boys occasionally had to be reminded to stand when their books were inspected.

"There is a plentiful supply of maps, many of which, however are old and need replacing.

"Throughout the school, attention needs to be given to Conver- sation, also to Writing and general neatness in all written work, and any tendency to slackness or carelessness should be strictly repressed.

"English Composition is fairly satisfactory throughout, and good in the highest class (4).

46

'Athletics are popular,--Football, Volley Ball, Swimming and Country Walks being indulged in. The school did well in the Foot- ball Shield Competition, and in connection with swimming the boys themselves erected a matshed at Cheung Sha Wan. Volley Ball is gradually increasing in favour.

CC

During the year, some of the Senior boys obtained situations in the Kowloon-Canton Railway and the Chinese Customs Staff."

33. Belilios Public School.-There was again some falling off in the average attendance (362: 410 in 1914.) The cause of this is in the opinion of the Head Mistress the resignation of 7 Assistant Mistresses during the year. Three of them set up rival schools in the neighbourhood. There is an increasing difficulty in maintaining a proper staff.

34. Another possible cause for the decrease may be found in the scheme of English Studies. They had probably been given too much prominence, and have now been modified. Mr. Ralphs has recorded the history of this matter in a very thorough report quoted

O 10

V

:

below it is well to have a record for the guidance of future ex- perience in this rather difficult matter.

35. At the end of the year the Vernacular Headmaster who has done excellent work received promotion elsewhere. The opportunity was taken to get rid of the remaining male element from the school. The change was viewed with some anxiety at the time, but it may be said in anticipation of next year's report that no ill effects ensued.

36. The school is in a very high state of efficiency. The one weak point discernible is the difficulty of retaining the Chinese Assistant Mistresses.

37. Twenty candidates passed the Local Examinations in July: three Senior and seven Junior in connection with the University, and ten passed the Oxford Preliminary.

38. The Inspector made a "full" inspection of the school. The following are extracts from his report:

"Organisation.--Numerous changes have been made in recent years. Prior to 1908, the Belilios Public School consisted of two distinct schools, the English Side being under the supervision of the Head Mistress, and the Vernacular Side under a Vernacular Head Master. In 1908 it was arranged that Chinese girls studying English on the English Side should, unless they had previously reached a certain standard of proficiency in Chinese Studies, study Chinese one hour a day. This study was completed before 9 a.m. each day. In 1909 it was arranged that girls in the highest class on the Vernacular Side should study English for one hour a day. In 1910 it was arranged that the four highest classes on the Vernacular Side should take English one hour (in the highest class two hours) daily. In December 1912 a system similar to that now in force was introduced. (See below.) In September 1913 the dual control of the school was abolished, Mrs. Tutcher, as Head Mistress, being in charge of the whole school. In March 1914 the Scheme as detailed in Educational System", pages 51-56, was introduced, but in March 1915 the scheme was modified, the changes being that in Classes 8 and 7 English is taught as a langu- age, for one hour daily; and during the first five years of school-life (ie., in Standards I, II, III and Classes 8 and 7) Class Subjects are taught in Chinese, whilst in Classes 6-1 English forms the medium of instruction and Chinese is taught one hour a day.

66

"The pari passu system is strictly in force in ('lasses 7-1 but is slightly modified in Class 8 and below.

It is regrettable that Chinese girls do not stay longer at school. They begin to leave in Class 5 in order to get married and the upper classes are consequently very small (Class 1 has 3 girls, Class 2 has 7).

"Supervision and Examinations.-The Head Mistress makes a tour of the school every morning and afternoon, taking a note of the attendance, hearing the teaching and observing discipline and work generally. When necessary she remains with a class and

0 11

assists in the teaching, or returns later to give a specimen lesson for the benefit of the Teacher. The Head Mistress regularly hears Object Lessons and Reading Lessons given by the Junior Teachers.

"A very useful feature is the keeping of Record Books. These books were started some six years ago as a stimulus to the Lower Grade Mistresses, to whom they serve as a guide in the teaching of the different subjects. They have also been found useful for reference, when the Head Mistress desires to compare the work done at different periods and to ascertain the progress made. The frequency of examinations held depends a good deal on the state of the class and the diligence of the teacher, but the Head Mistress endeavours to examine at least one class each week, in addition to the thorough and complete examination of all the classes in all subjects twice yearly-in July and December. These books are always ready for inspection also on the occasion of visits of the Director of Education or the Inspector. The two certificated Mis- tresses are placed on a different footing, and it has not been considered necessary for them to have Record Books. It is quite true that, as the Head Mistress points out, Local Examinations test the work of these Mistresses, but I consider that for the purposes of reference and comparison it is advisable to use the Record Books in all classes without exception. The Certificated Mistresses would, equally with the Head Mistress, find the books extremely useful.

'Buildings and Furniture.-Everything is particularly clean and well kept. The classrooms are well ventilated and bright, pictures and maps being profusely displayed. Desks are in good order. Some of the maps might with advantage be renewed. Registers are carefully and correctly kept throughout. There are, however, occasional erasures, where correction is necessary it should always be made in red ink. Registers should have stiff covers.

"The discipline throughout the school is excellent. The girls are well-behaved and invariably attentive, and there is an atmos- phere of general contentment and earnest devotion to work. There is manifest good feeling among and between pupils and Staff.

64

">

'Singing.-Classes 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 are taken together by Miss Heang, a very satisfactory arrangement; several two-part songs were sung very sweetly and with due expression, and the pitch was maintained. The girls have been taught on the Tonic Solfa system and sang surprisingly well, and with almost absolute correctness, an "unseen piece. Classes 6 and 7 A, B, D, are taken together by Miss Cheung. Several songs, includ- ing a 'round', were sung, the latter with great enthusiasm. The 'second' part was not very successful, nor very suitable. Miss Clarke might be asked to arrange special 'second' parts suitable to the voices of the girls. Soft singing needs to be cultivated. Some of the songs were pitched too high. This can be avoided by the use of a tuning fork which curiously is not used in any of the singing divisions. Classes 70 and 8 are taken together by Miss Chow. Simple songs are sung. Standards I, II and III are taken by Miss Ko and Miss Chun alternately. Simple songs.

"Drill consists of simple breathing and extension ments, vigorously carried out. (Where necessary, Mistresses receive instruction from Miss Henderson.) Drill is given every

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other morning at opening of school, and is taken in each room by the Mistress in charge. During the hot weather singing takes the place of drill.

"Recitation. With few exceptions the text was well known, but pronunciation often leaves much to be desired; while expres- sion, which is good as a rule in the lower classes, grows less and less satisfactory as the girls 'rise' in the school. This is no doubt due to self-consciousness, but efforts should be made to overcome it. Special attention should be given to this subject--which is the least satisfactory of those taught in the school--as it provides a valuable exercise in the cultivation of pronunciation and enunciation; and of good expression. If these points are not developed, the subject is of little value.

"Cooking. This has only just been started for Class 4, and promises to be exceedingly popular. A gas stove on the ground floor is used. The pupils, first receive detailed instruction as to methods and reasons, and then proceed to practical work. There is no difficulty as to materials, the Chinese pupils especially being eager to bring all that is wanted. The necessary apparatus, includ- ing a good kitchen table, saucepans, dishes, etc., cost just over $20. If the experiment continues to be successful, better equip- ment ought to be provided later. It is proposed to start Laundry Class.

a

"Personal Hygiene.--The importance of personal hygiene is impressed upon the pupils. Fresh air in the classrooms, boiled water in the filters, cleanliness of persons and apparel (avoidance of disease dangers) are matters of course, and in the Upper School practical lessons are given with simple apparatus in sick-nursing and sick-room matters generally.

"Object Lessons.-Given by Misses Gourdin, Ablong, Cheung, and Shin. All these lessons were very satisfactory indeed, and would compare favourably with those given by Student Teachers at Pupil Teachers' Centres or in Training Colleges in England. They bear testimony to the value of the instruction given by Mrs. Tutcher and by the Lecturers at the Technical Institute Teachers' Class. The questioning by Student Teachers was particularly intelligent and these Teachers have acquired the art-so often lacking in untrained Teachers even of very high intellectual attainments-of making the pupils think and work for themselves. The B. B. Scheme" and Notes of Lessons throughout were very good. The Object Lessons are undoubtedly fulfilling their real object, viz., training in observation and the acquisition of English.

"Books. (Written Work, Drawing, etc.)---In all classes, Composition, Dictation, and Arithmetic and other books were submitted to me for inspection. The work throughout was very satisfactory, neatness being insisted on. All the work is regularly corrected by the teacher responsible.

"Charities. Since the formation of the Ministering League Branch in the school, the pupils have taken a very active interest in helping the needy. It was their own idea to subscribe a fixed amount weekly to a fund in charge of Miss Henderson for Minis- tering League purposes, and in six months the sum of $150 has been subscribed. In addition, one orphan in the Foundling Home, Bonham Road, and another in the Victoria Home, Kowloon City, are entirely supported by a school fund. On Saturdays visits are

13

paid to these orphans and to a sick child in the Nethersole Hospital, who occupies the bed provided by the Hongkong Branch of the Ministering League.

"Former Students.-Old students keep in touch with the school and are most kind in sending donations to the Annual Bazaar. A reunion of Old Students was held last October, the pupils serving the tea and refreshments, and the Portuguese girls being responsible for a really excellent musical programme.

Mr. Tung, the oldest teacher in the school, contributed a flute sol to the great delight of his pupils.

"School Library.-There are now in the Library 692 books. mostly suited to juvenile capacities. In the Lower School, the Children's Encyclopædia and the Illustrated Magazines are the favourites.

"Reports are first sent out at the end of the Summer Term (July). Each pupil takes hore her own report, and brings it back to the Head Mistress duly signed by her parent or guardian. The same report is written up at the end of the school year, after which the pupil does not return it.

39. Praya East School has continued without much change, and is a creditable example of a school entirely under Chinese Masters. The discipline is satisfactory, and an increasing interest in athletics is being taken. The Inspector reports that the rooms are extremely hot in summer.

40. The Indian School.-- The average attendance was 44, (45 in 1914). Discipline is satisfactory. The Head Master makes a special point of inculcating ideas of loyalty to the British Empire. Urdu is taught for an hour a day in each class. The boys display great enthusiasm over athletics.

41. The school still occupies a Chinese tenement house, but is shortly to move into a new building given to the Colony by the generosity of Mr. Ellis Kadoorie. This building, now approaching completion, is situated in, the Soo Kon-poo Valley, and is designed on the most modern lines. Ground is provided for tennis courts, while for football and cricket the boys will be able to use the Recreation Grounds at the Happy Valley. Provision has been made for an English Head Master.

42. Kowloon Indian School.-The attendance at this school decreased steadily from October, 1914, when there were 17 boys in attendance, to July last, when there were only 8 boys on the roll. The decrease was due chiefly to the departure of Indian troops. At the Annual Examination in July only one boy was left. It was accordingly decided to close the school.

43. The outlying Lower Grade English Schools were visited more than once during the year by the Inspector, who reports of Un Long that the work throughout gives evidence of very careful teaching. That this is appreciated by the residents of the District is shewn by the fact that even at the end of the Midsummer term (July) all the seats were filled. Two boys journey to the school

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daily from the Chinese Territory. The Head Master in his reports writes: "As speed of conveyance is not available to and from Hong- kong, therefore the boys seldom go to the Colony (i.e., Victoria) to see the advancement of Western Science, so no wonder that these village boys are ignorant and slow-thinking when compared with their brothers of the town.'

""

44. The discipline is good, and the school room is clean and bright. The Prize Distribution, at which the Inspector pre- sided, was the first formal function of the kind to take place in connection with the school. Several of the local gentry were present at the meeting, the arrangements in connection with which were carried out very satisfactorily by the Head Master and his pupils.

45. At Taipo School 42 boys were examined. I give the Inspector's detailed report on one class, the highest, as a specimen of the work done, and of the nature of the inspection. The Inspector of English Schools reports:--

''

46

Class 6.-9 boys present.

Composition.---A story was read and reproduced, but the exercise was useful only as a test of memory, since there was little attempt to make original sentences.

Much attention should be given to sentence building. The pupils should be taught to make short and simple sentences.

"Grammar.---The Analysis attempted is rather too ambitious. Less attention should be devoted to definitions and more to the application of the principles of Grammar to Composition.

"Object Lessons.-Questions on lessons previously given were fairly well answered.

"Geography.-The Geography of China was fairly well known. Map drawing appears to have been neglected.

Dictation. Good. Very few errors were made in spelling, and the writing was generally good.

"Arithmetic. Of nine boys examined six did very well, one fairly and two were unsatisfactory. The papers were untidy. The Head Master must give attention to this subject in all classes, and insist on accuracy, proper arrangement and neatness.

All papers must have margins for rough work, and the problems must be set down in such a way as to make them at once intelligible."

46. Cheung Chau School.-At the first inspection of the year, which took place in May, the work was unfavourably reported upon. Since then, a steady improvement has taken place, and recent reports by the Inspector show that the school is now in a satisfactory condition.

MILITARY SCHOOLS.

47. Garrison Schools.—I am indebted to the Inspector of Army Schools for the following information ---

The average number of children attending at the three Garrison schools still open-Victoria, Lyemun, and Stonecutters-was 114; the percentage of attendance was 95.

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48. The Victoria Military Schools, where the large majority of the pupils attend, maintained their high standard of efficiency. The addition of a new classroom has proved very useful to teachers and pupils alike, and the school premises and grounds are now commo- dious and conducive to the health and comfort of the pupils, both at lessons and at play.

POLICE SCHOOL.

49. The average attendance was only 31 (42 in 1914; 51 in 1913). The Master in charge reports that the discipline and pro- gress of the men attending have been satisfactory.

EXCLUDED PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

50. St. Stephen's and St. Paul's Colleges belonging to the Church Missionary Society have an attendance of 480 boys (450 in 1914); and the saine body manages St. Stephen's Girls' College, which has an average attendance of about 125 (130 in 1914).

CONTROLLED SCHOOLS.

GRANT SCHOOLS.

(Table II.)

51. During the year all the English Grant Schools were in- pected, the Inspector of English Schools devoting at least two days to each school. In all cases work was done in the presence of the Inspector and all exercises written during Term were examined. In this way it was possible to form a very clear estimate of the regu- larity of the work and of the progress made Weak points were discussed with the Head Teachers concerned. The Inspector reports that in all such cases his advice was readily accepted.

52. The work of these schools is generally of a high order; great attention is devoted to the training of character.

53. One English Grant School-the English School for Portu- guese-detached itself from the Grant Scheme, and is now carried on as a Private School.

54. Of the Vernacular Grant Schools, two managed by the Church Missionary Society were given up, and two Basel Mission Grant Schools are being closed from December 31st owing to lack of teachers. One of the Church Missionary Schools was taken over by the London Missionary Society, and one London Missionary Society School was temporarily closed owing to the poor attendance. The Wesleyan Mission are also giving up one of their two Grant Schools from the end of the Chinese Year.

ENGLISH PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

55. The Inspector of English Schools reports :-

"During the year, 23 Boys' Schools (4 Day and 19 Night Schools) closed their doors, whilst 25 new Boys' Schools (5 Day and

O 16

20 Night) and 1 new Girls' School (Day) were opened. The total number of schools open was :-Day Schools, 25 Boys' and 4 Girls'; Night Schools, 44 Boys'; with a maximum enrolment of 1,293 boys and 104 girls in the Day Schools, and 2,103 boys in the Night Schools. These figures include 2 Exempted Schools, the Catholic Seminary, a Day School with 20 students training for the priesthood. and a new Night School, maintained by the Kowloon Wharf and Godown Company for the instruction of some of their Chinese employees, with 43 in attendance.

14

The English School for Portuguese,' formerly a successful Grant School, has detached itself from the Grant Scheme and become a Private School.

'Premises. In the case of new schools, before a certificate is issued the premises are, as a preliminary measure, first reported upon by a Sanitary Inspector. The Regulations regarding Hygiene and Sanitation are brought before the notice of Head Masters, and are, as far as possible enforced; the standard required in this parti- cular will be raised considerably during the coming year.

"All English Private Schools now display Notice Boards in English. Most of the entrances and staircases are badly lighted and consequently dangerous. This is a matter that is being dealt with.

46

"Furniture.Desks are as a rule suitable and in fair condition, but except in few cases the educational equipment is very poor.

Staff.-While the more inefficient Teachers have retired and closed their schools, there are still some who are below the standard. It is not proposed to issue certificates in future to any Private School unless the Head Master holds at least a Junior Local Cer- tificate of Oxford or Hongkong University, or a Teachers' Certificate. (1st Year) of the Hongkong Technical Institute, or can produce evidence of having attained to an equivalent standard of education.

“Discipline in the schools is good, in a passive way, but good manners are not always insisted upon. Punctuality is, in many schools, an unknown virtue.

“Attendance and Registration.-A uniform type of Attendance Register has been introduced, and Monthly Attendance Returns are now sent in regularly by all schools, although at first considerable difficulty was experienced in instructing the Masters how to fill in correctly even the simplest forms

"I have frequently noticed that Masters do not know even the names of their pupils, much less the nature of their daily occupation or their special requirements educationally. This I take to be proof that their schools are conducted chiefly with the object of getting fees from the pupils and not, as many Masters of Private Schools are so fond of assuring me, from a fervent desire to spread know- ledge among the poorer classes'. On personal inquiry I have found that the pupils in attendance at Evening Schools are engaged during the day as office-attendants, copying clerks, shop assistants, dock workmen, etc.

"Fees are as high as $3.00 a month in some Day Schools. It is difficult to understand why boys should attend these schools, when for the same fee they could attend the infinitely superior Government District Schools or the Grant Schools.

"Curriculum Reading is fair generally, while English Con- versation and Composition are very poor,

M

66

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Masters are still fond of an inflated Syllabus of Studies, and spend time upon such subjects as Algebra and Geometry in elementary classes. This practice is now being discontinued, and more time devoted to Reading, Conversation and Composition. The formal teaching of Grammar in elementary classes is being replaced gradually by sentence-building, in hopes of improving the Composition.

66

Head Masters are required to select the School Readers from a list issued by the Inspector of English Schools, and no other Readers may now be used without special permission. This step was necessary because of the almost general use of books which were unsuitable, and in many cases beyond the comprehension even of the Teachers. The change will undoubtedly have beneficial results. "Classes have been re-numbered, according to the plan adopted in Government and Grant Schools, the Reader in use in a class determining the designation. Arithmetic is, as a rule, very fair as far as accuracy is concerned, but it is doubtful if the pupils always understand the methods they employ. Typewriting is taught to a few pupils. Esperanto is taught in one school (Day and Night).

'Some schools, are now able to present very creditably arranged Annual Reports, and hold public Prize Distributions.'

56. While every effort is made to raise the standard of the private English Schools, care will be taken to see that none are closed through inability to conform with the sealed governmental pattern. Before a school is refused existence it must fail to comply with one or other of the following requirements: that it shall give the education which it professes to give; that such education shall have a value considering the locality and the class of pupils; that its existence is not a hindrance to a better school of the same kind.

VERNACULAR PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

57. The Inspector of Vernacular Schools reports

"During the year certificates have been issued to 1 existing and 86 new Private Day Schools, the new schools being 11 less than in 1914. 89 have closed during the year. Of these 27 were struck off the register, and 28 disappeared without notification.

66

'Of Night Schools, 2 existing closed, and 15 new were regis- tered. Of these 6 closed almost at once.

"

'There are now 313 Vernacular Schools, (36 Grant, 266 Pri- vate Day, and 11 Private Night Schools)--an increase of 1 'over the number for 1914.

"Proceedings were instituted for the prosecution of 3 unlawful schools, but in each case the man failed to appear in court.

"I have personally visited each school at least once, though in the majority of cases it has been necessary to pay several visits..

"The sub-inspector has also visited each school.

"I have found in a number of cases that teachers have entered on their syllabus modern subjects which they had no intention of teaching. They have tried to hide their obvious incompetence under cover of an elaborate scheme of studies.

The number of inefficient schools is thus still large, 27 have been struck off the register during the course of the year, but some

O 18

of the better schools have degenerated for various reasons, and there are still 69 undesirable ones left. 14 more will be struck off the list in the course of the next few weeks. Of the remaining 197 Private Day Schools very few are thoroughly efficient.

"Mr. Shin Yan-wai died during the summer after 10 years' service in this Department, and his place as sub-inspector was filled in September by Mr. Lau Shuk-chong."

58. The Inspector might have pointed out that the unsatisfactory schools have decreased from 148 in 1913; that is, by nearly a half in two years.

SUBSIDISED SCHOOLS. --NEW TERRITORIES.

59. The Inspector of Vernacular Schools reports:-

"Of the 50 subsidised schools in the New Territories four were struck off the list at the end of the Chinese Year, viz., the schools at Pan Chung, Shuen Wan, Lung Yuek-tau, and Hang Ilau. place of these, four schools were subsidised in 1915 at Taipo Market, Kam Tin, Shing Mun, and Chan Tau.

'The Teachers from Fuk Hing-lei. To Shek, Lung Ku-tan, and Tai Lam-chung were not to be found when the sub-inspector visited those places, and as they had given no notification of their intention to go elsewhere, preparations had not been made to replace them. As the New Year holidays last till about the beginning of March, and it takes more than two months to go the round of the schools, it is not till nearly the end of May that it is known definitely how many teachers have disappeared in this way. Another school-in the Pat Heung district, Au Tau-was placed on the list from the beginning of June, making the total number of schools subsidised this year 17. The number of pupils is 1,094 and the average attendance 946. The Girls' School at Sheung Shui, the only Girls' School in the New Territories, has deteriorated this year.

"The general level of teaching in the other schools has remained about the same, though two or three teachers in the more old- fashioned schools have made a start with Geography and Arithmetic. The school at Wong Toi-shan proved unsatisfactory, and has been struck off the list from the end of December.

"I have personally visited each school except Yeung Sui-hang, Castle Peak, where, the teacher having been kidnapped early in September, the scholars are having a prolonged holiday. I have not, however, found school actually being held in every case.

It is very hard to control these out-lying schools, and a surprise visit shows that the teachers do not always remain on the premises. In such cases the teacher has had to forfeit his subsidy for the month unless a reasonable excuse was forthcoming.

เเ

The teacher at Wong Chau has given notice that he will have to go elsewhere as, two pupils having died of fever during the year, he is regarded by the superstition of the villagers as a bird of ill omen. "The best schools are in Au Tau district, and Mr. Wong Pak- kau of Kam Tin, being particularly anxious to get a good teacher, guaranteed him a better salary than the ordinary. As he had to meet considerable expenses in establishing premises and equipment for the school he was granted payment of $100 out of the surplus of last year's vote.

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"To meet a demand for scholarships from the New Territories Vernacular to English Schools, it was decided to allow three scholar- ships each to Taipo and Un Long English schools respectively from Vernacular schools in the neighbourhood. One application for Taipo was sent in, and one for Un Long."

It is not very easy to extract comfort from the reports of the Inspector of Vernacular Schools. At any rate regularity of attend- ance has improved. The figure is now 864 (753 in 1914).

TECHNICAL INSTITUTE.

(Tables VII and VIII.)

60. The Director of the Institute reports :-

64

66

The Institute was open as usual during 8 months of the year. The nett cost was $7,812.77 ($7,656,38 in 1914). The average cost per pupil was $13.56 ($16.02 in 1914), the lowest since the Institute was established.

The number of students in attendance during the Session ending June 1915 was 576, an increase of 98 upon that of the previous year. The increase is due chiefly to the opening of Teachers' Classes for Female Vernacular Teachers. A slight in- crease is shown also in the attendance at the Advanced Mathematics Class, the English Teachers' Class (Women), and the First Aid Class; whilst the Elementary Shorthand Class and the Vernacular Teachers' Class (Men, First Year) shew a decrease. The Steam Class and Third Year English Class were not opened, owing to lack of support.

At the end of the 1914-1915 Session in June, examinations were conducted by Independent Examiners.

"335 Candidates were examined; of these 205 passed in 1 subject, 13 passed in 2 subjects, and 1 passed in 3 subjects, a total of 219 (or (5·3%) passed. The figures in 1914 were 269 examined, 175 (65%) passed.

"The most popular subjects are Teaching, to which further reference is made below, First Aid, Shorthand, English, and Mathe- matics. The classes in Building Construction, Field Surveying, Machine Drawing, Book-keeping, Chemistry, Physics, and Electricity were fairly well supported.

66

"In Shorthand there were 29 passes in theory and 5 in speed.

Teachers' Classes.—These classes now constitute a very im- portant part of the work done by the Institute.

бы

Beginning in December 1908 with a single class for men, with 14 in attendance, the scheme has expanded until in the 1914-15 Session there were eight classes with a maximum enrolment of 193. They are divided into two Sections: (a) for those preparing to teach in the English Language, and (b) for those preparing to teach in Chinese, and are subdivided into classes for Men and Women; and for each a Three Years' Course is provided.

the "

At the June examination 7 men and 3 women, all attending English Teachers' Classes ", obtained Teachers' Certificates on the successful completion of the Three Years' Course.

66

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In the Vernacular Teachers' Classes, 49 men and 53 women were examined, and of these 24 men and 34 women passed. The percentage of passes in the women's class is higher than that in the men's.

This is, no doubt, due to the fact that most of the women had had a better general education than the men, and some had been trained in modern methods in the Belilios Public School.

"Criticism Lessons were given regularly throughout the Session, and Lantern Lectures and Microscope Exhibitions have been given by the Rev. J. Kirk Machonachie and the Rev. H. R. Wells.

46

First Aid Classes were conducted by Dr. McKenny and Dr. S. F. Lee, both of whom lectured in an honorary capacity. These classes are doing very useful work.

tr

'Sanitation Class.-The members of the Sanitation Class enter- ed for the Examination of the Royal Sanitary Institute, London. Six candidates were examined, and of these 4 were successful in obtaining the Inspector of Nuisances Certificate.

"English. The First and Second Year Classes are well at- tended. The Third Year Class, which was re-opened in October, is designed to assist students preparing for the Matriculation Ex- the Hongkong University.

64

Chinese. A class for translation from and into Chinese and English was opened for the first time in October. The experiment has so far been very successful.”

NUMBERS OF PUPILS.

61. The total number of pupils at schools in the Colony excluding the Police School and the uncontrolled schools in the New Territories are:

Number of Pupils in

Total.

English Vernacular

Schools. Schools.

* Government Schools,.

* Military Schools,

2,409

2,409

114

114

* Excluded Private Schools,

605

605

* Grant Schools.

1,560

2,054

3,614

† Controlled Private Schools,

2,500

8,944

11,441

† Controlled Private Schools,

New Territories,.

1.094

1,094

† Technical Institute,.

576

576

Total,

*

Average attendance.

7.764

12,092

19,856

Total enrolment.

This is an increase of 475 over 1914, the increase in the pupils

in English Schools being 302.

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HONGKONG MATRICULATION AND LOCAL EXAMINATIONS.

62. These examinations have now almost entirely replaced the Oxford Local Examinations. Classes 1 and 2 in the Government Schools are required to take the Matriculation (or else the Senior), and the Junior respectively. At Grant Schools the same end is reached by paying a grant on the number of candidates entered, whether they pass or not. Two meetings of Heads of Schools were held, when the syllabus of the Local Examinations was discussed in detail and numerous suggestions were made to the University authorities. Most of the changes advocated have been carried out, with the result that the syllabus is becoming much more suited to local requirements.

GENERAL.

63. Two Masters of the Department, Mr. A. R. Sutherland and Mr. R. C. Barlow, have received commissions and were serving at the end of the year, one in India, the other at home. Messrs. De Martin and De Rome were lent throughout the year to the Postal Censorate, and were thus lost to the Department. The writer's time has during the year been largely occupied with Censorship duties, and several masters have been similarly engaged for various periods.

E. IRVING, Director of Education.

Education Department,

7th June, 1916.

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Table I.

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.

STAFF.

NAME AND NATURE. (1)

Certificated Passed Student' and 'Student Teachers. Teachers'.

Vernacular.

(2)

(3)

ENGLISH SCHOOLS.

Kowloon, Victoria, and Peak Schools-for children of European British Parentage. Primary and Secondary,

Queen's College-mainly for Chinese and Indians. Pre- pares for Hongkong University Matriculation and for Commercial Examinations,

Ellis Kadoorie, Saiyingpun, Wantsai, and Yaumati Schools --for Chinese. Prepare for Upper School at Queen's College,

6

:

Ditto for

Maximum Average

Monthly

AL- Enrolment. tendance. per mensem.

Rate of

Fees

Net Cost to

Gross Cost.

Fees

Collected.

each unit in

Govern-

Average

meut.

Attendance.

Ditto

previous 5

years.

REMARKS.

c.

$

212*

155

$5

31,619.38 7,151.50 24,468.08 157.86 (a)101.73

15

10

9

1 Shorthand

565

486

Teacher.

$5

$3

87,572.57 27,545.00 60,027.57

123.51

79.99

43

16

1,404

1,183

73,086.69 37,158.00 35,928.69

30.37 (4) 22.92

15

Belilios Public School for Girls-mainly for Chinese. Primary and Secondary,

2 Needlework

3

Teachers.

401

362

$2

1 Drawing Mistress.

23,340.12 7,600.00 15.740.12

43.48

29.85

3 Pupil Teachers.

Praya East-mainly for Chinese. Primary,

3

108

88

4,150.23 1,890.00 2,260.23

25.68

19.82

English School for Indians--prepares for Upper School, Queen's College,...

4

...

Tai Po, Un Long, and Cheung Chau Schools-Element- ary English for Chinese. Primary,...

:

64

223

52

3

4

110

83

3333

(1) For boys unless otherwise stated.

(2) Certificated or with the degree of a British University. (3) Student Teachers or Passed Student Teachers (local).

2,864

2,409

$2

$1

3,324.82 529.00 2,795.82

53.77 (c) 36.45 Kowloon Branch Jelosed in October, 1915.

50 cents. 4,111.39 492.50 3,618.89

43.60

35.26

:

227,205.40 82,366.00 144,839.40

(a) Excluding Peak School.

(6) Excluding Ellis Kadoorie School.

(c) Excluding Indian School (Kowloon Branch).

*

CONTROLLED SCHOOLS IN RECEIPT O

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Missiou.

Italian Convent, (G.)

1

St. Joseph's College, (B.)

2

*

3

4

French Convent, (G.) *

*

English School for Portuguese, (M.)

7 · Diocesan School, (G.) *

8. Diocesan School, (B.) *

St. Mary's, Kowloon, (G.)

9

13

St. Francis', (M.) '

*

Number of

Classes.

Number of

School Days.

Maximum

Monthly Enrolment.

Average

Attendance.

ENGI

CAPITAT

Higher Classes. Remo

Average Attend-

ance.

'Avetage

Rate. Total. Attend-

ance.

R. C. M.

8

207

589

498

112

24

2,688

132

8 & Inf.

208

378

319

28

24

""

672

61

7 & Inf.

218

91

51

10

24

240

*

3

247

90

77

C. of E.

8 & Inf. 199

127

96 19

24

£66

32

8

200

350

282

74

24

1.776

76

R. C. M.

7 & Inf.

215

153

126

12

20

240 18

4 & Inf.

207

150

111

ޔ

4

17

FR

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Mission,

Number of

Standards.

1,928

1,560 259

6,072

341

VERNAC

Number

of

Maximum School Enrolment. Days.

Attendance. Rate.

17

Berlin Foundling House, (G.)

* *

18

Fairlea, (G.) **

Ber. M. C. M. S.

245

87

83

9

2135

199

167

11

19

Victoria Home and Orphanage, (G.)

**

240

118

""

† 109 100

11

20

Training Home for Girls, **

L. M. S.

7

232

190

† 161 160

11

22

Mosque Junction, (G.)*

R. C. M.

24

Holy Infancy, (M.)

**

,

25

Hunghom, (G.) *

*

26

Yaumati. (G.) ****

་་

29

Aberdeen

*

030++ C

594

520

VERNAC

371

65

36

332.

79

64

347

47

33

351

51

ssion,

r. M.

M. S.

M. S.

O 25

TABLE II.

SCHOOLS IN RECEIPT OF A GRANT UNDER THE

Number of

Classes.

Number of School Days.

Maximum

Monthly

Enrolment.

Average

Attendance.

ENGLISH SCHOOLS.

CAPITATION GRANT.

Higher Classes.

Remove Classes.

Lower Classes.

1

2

3

Average' Attend-

Rate. Total.

Average]

Attend- Rate. Total. Attend-

Average

Rate. Total.

ance.

ance.

$

ance.

$

4

Total

: Capitation

Grants

of

Columns

Senior.

L(

1, 2 & 3. No. of Rate. Total. No Pupils. $. $ Pup

8

207

589

498 112

24

2,688

132

20

8 & Inf.

208

378

319

28

24

672

61

7 & Inf.

218

91

51

10

24

240

5

20

3

247

90

77

8 & Inf.

199

127

96

19

24

456 32

8

2001

350

282 74

24

1,776

76

7 & Inf. | 215

153 : 126

12

20

240 18

4 & Inf. 207

150

111

$4

17

*******

2,640 254

16

20 1,220 230

100 36

999

16

1,064 3,680

9,392

כי

5,572

1

16

576

916

77

12

924

924

20

640

45

16

720

1,816

1

20 1,520

132

16

2,112

5,408

17.

18

324

96

14

1,344

1.908

18

306 90

14

1,260 1,566

8888 ::

60

900 3

60

60

60

60

60 1,020 2.

Number of

Standards.

1,928

1,569 259

6,072 341

6,750 960

14,680 ;

27,502 34

2,040

6.

VERNACULAR

SCHOOLS.

(Upper Grade).

Number

of

Maximum: School Enrolment.

Attendance. Rate.

Days.

:

Total Capitation Grant.

~ ~ ~ ~

7

245

87

83

9

720

7

2131

199

167

11

1,837

6

240

118

† 109 100

11

1,100

7

232

190

† 161 160

11

1,760

594

520

VERNACULAR

(Lower Grade).

5,417

SCHOOLS.

II.

RANT UNDER THE GRANT CODE OF 1910.

SCHOOLS.

LOCAL GRANT.

9

Grand

ower Classes.

3

Total

: Capitation

Grants of

Total

Refund

Total

Grants

Senior.

Junior.

Honours.

of Fces

Local

Grants of

7A

Columns

Rent Grant.

of

Columus

Columns

5

6

7

5,6,7&7A

4, 8 & 9

e

Rate. Total. 1, 2 & 3.

$

No. of Rate. Total. No. of Rate. Total. Pupils. $.

Pupils.

No. of Rate. Total. Pupils. $

$

16

4,064

9,392 15

16

3,680

5,572

60

16

576

916

12

924

924

16

720

1,816

1

16

2.112

5,408

17.

14

1,344 1.908

88:88:

60

900 31

60

60

60

60

1,020 22

888 88:

HON

30

930

100

100

460

2,390

30

180

100

100

70

410

11,782 5.982

30

60

30

120

30

660

100

14 1,260

1,566

: : : : :

20

80

996

480

...

1,404

100

50 390

230

2,046

2,170

7,578

1,908

1,566

14,680 27,502

34

2,040

65

1,950

00

3

R SCHOOLS.

!rade).

Total Capitation

Grant.

*

720

1,837 1,100 1,760

5,417

R

rade).

SCHOOLS.

300

990

5,280

480

33,262

Rent Grant.

Grand Total

Grants.

ff:

720

480

2,317

1,100

1,760

480

5,897

17

Berlin Foundling House, (G.) **

Ber. M.

18

Fairlea, (G.) **

C. M. S.

19

Victoria Home and Orphanage, (G.) * *

20

Training Home for Girl-, **

L. M. S.

FIR-

215

87

83

9

2135

199

167

11

6

240

118

† 109

232

190

† 161

1

594

520

VERNACI

22

Mosque Junction, (G.)* *

R. C. M.

371

65

36

24

Holy Infancy, (M.) *

* *

3321

79

64

25

Hunghom, (G.)**

"

3475

47

33

26

Yaumati, (G.) **

351

71

51

28

Aberdeen, (M.) *

*

3521/

34

23

29

No. 109 Second Street, (B.) ***

L. M. S.

217

50

40

30

No. 2 Taipingshan Street, (G.)

2414

27

22

**

33

34

No. 199 Queen's Road East, (G.) **

No. 156 Reclamation Street, Yaumati, (B.)**

234

83

66

""

227

137

123

35

36

No. 15c Wellington Street, (G.) Wanchai Chapel, (B.) * *

**

222

39

33

205

54

40

37

Hospital Chapel, (B.)* *

213

68

58

38

No. 84 Canton Road, (G.) *

*

""

22

234

62

50

42

43

41

45

Tanglungchau Chapel, (B.)

No. 158 Reclamation Street, Yaumati, (G.)**

No. 20 Aberdeen Street, (G.) * *

Tanglungchau Chapel, (G.)

**

208

27

22

>>

5

227

94

78

>>

243

45

32

>>

**

4

210

31

26

46

Wanchai Chapel, (G.) **

217

69

† 57 55

29

48

Shamshuipo, (M.)**

B. M.

223

60

28

49

Shaukiwan, (M.) ***

194

44

26

72

50

Tokwawau, (B.) * *

209

53

43

**

51

High Street, (G.) ***

226

90

63

27

53

No. 218 Hollywood Road, (B.)

**

C. M. S.

242

66

55

57

No. 6 Western Street, (G.) * *

248

37

45

59

60

61

62

63

**

Stanley, (M.) **

68

69

Yaumati Chapel, (G.) **

No. 232 Hollywood Road, (G.) ** No. 20 Pokfulam Road, (G.) Shaukiwan, (G.)

No. 9 Elgin Street, (G.) * * No. 35 Pottinger Street, (G.)

250

51

40

4

259

61

t

52 50

29

**

L. M. S.

4

248

42

33

4

253

34

25

>>

248

44

33

W."M.

211

53

43

**

242

73

59

""

70

Kowloon City, (G.) **

74

Kowloon City, (B.)

**

C. M. S. B. M.

3601

47

23

211

155

117 105

33

Total Number of Schools 45.

2,015

1,534

Grand Total,

4,537

3,614

NOTE.-R. C. M. =

-Roman Catholic Mission.

C. of E.

Church of England.

C. M. S.

Church Missionary Society.

Ber. M. L. M. S.

B. M.

W. M.

B.

Q.

M.

= Berlin Mission,

-

London Missionary Society.

Basel Mission.

Wesleyan Mission. =Boys.

-

-Girls.

Mixed.

OIA 3000 AI OLE 00 1 00 4 00 00 00 00 C3 A C9 CO 40000+ CLA 03 4 4 5 3 →

صدارت

—ાના

215

87

83

9

720

213

199

167

11

1,837

240

118

† 109

11

1,100

232

190

† 161

1,760

594

520

5,417

VERNACULAR

(Lower Grade).

SCHOOLS.

6

OI OD 21 y the # 1 01 00 H I 1 1 14 01 00 COFOLE # 10 00 1 4 Co

3

371

65

36

162

3325

79

64

384

347

47

33

198

351

74

51

3521

34

23

-10-0

230

104

217

50

40

120

241

27

22

88

234

83

66

330

227

137

123

492

222

39

33

132

205

54

40

120

2131

68

53

159

234

62

50

200

208

27

22

66

5

227

94

t

78

225

2433

45

32

128

4

210

31

26

78

4

217

69

† 57 55

165

4

2233

60

28

84

194

44

26

78

209

53

43

129

226

90

63

252

242

66

55

165

248

57

45

180

250

51

40

120

259

61

t

52

50

200

248

42

33

165

253

34

25

100

248

44

33

132

211

53

43

129

242

73

59

177

360

47

23

104

211

155

† 117 105

525

2,015

1,534

Total,

1,537

3,614

Mission.

it.

y Society.

y Society.

1.

5,921

38,840

**

School

year

ends 30th Ji

= School year ends 31st De Nos. 40 and 55 closed.

In these schools the actual a

black) has exceeded the red). The grant is calen

No Grant paid.

18 months' Grants.

Appendix Q.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC WORKS FOR THE YEAR 1915.

Expenditure.

1. The amounts voted, as compared with those actually expended by the Department under the various headings, were as follows:

Amount voted.

Actual Expenditure.

In Estimates.

Supplemen- tary Votes.

Total.

(i) Personal Emoluments

and Other Charges, 458,363.00

18,815.57

477,178.57

399,278.72

(ia) Special Expenditure:-

Typewriter, etc..

1,275.00

10.79 | 1.285.79

422.04

(ii) Annually

Recurrent

Works,

580,300.00

(iii) Extraordinary Works,... 2,229.785.00

38,790.00 619,090.00 558,448.03

488,000.71 2,717,785.71 1,839.882.01

Total,

3,269,723.00

545,617.07 3,815,340.07 2.798,030.80

Detailed statements of (ii) and (iii) are given in Annexes A and B.

With regard to (i), the saving is due to vacancies in the Staff, lapsing pay of Officers on leave and refunds on account of super- vision of work executed by the Department for various public companies.

In the case of (ii), savings occurred under the following sub- heads as set forth below:-

Hongkong.

Maintenance of Lighthouses,

$102.53

Improvements to Roads and Bridges outside City,

299.55

Maintenance of Telephones including all Cables,

819.31

Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, etc.,

628.03

Electric Lighting, City, Hill District and Shaukiwan,

410.95

Maintenance of Praya Wall and Piers,

675.63

Maintenance of Public Cemetery,...

131.08

Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,

3,650.65

Dredging Foreshores,

5,653.82

Expenditure.

Q

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

$20.692.90

Stores Depreciation,

9,842.54

Maintenance of City and Hill District Water Works,

4,064.83

Maintenance of Aberdeen Water Works,...

244.42

Maintenance of Buildings,

Maintenance of Telephones,

Kowloon.

Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c., Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries, Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

New Territories.

:

148.20

769.61

587.20

971.50

4,241.29

Maintenance of Buildings, Islands in Southern District, Improvements to Buildings, Islands in Southern District, Improvements to Buildings, Mainland and Islands in

Northern District,

199.16

500,00

281.70

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,-Mainland,....... Maintenance of Telephones,-Mainland, ... Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,-Mainland,

131.21

2,790.55

398.72

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,-Islands in Southern

District,

325.16

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,-Mainland and Islands

in Northern District,

317.37

The savings were largely counterbalanced by excesses on other sub-heads, the principal of which were as follows:

Hongkong.

Maintenance of Buildings,...

$2,956.82

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in City,

1,215.25

Gas Lighting, City and Suburbs and Hill District,

1.244.22

Maintenance of Public Recreation Grounds,

361.55

Stores Depreciation,

400.00

Upkeep of Plant,

24,277.73

Water Account, (Meters, &c.),

4,423.51

Kowloon.

Maintenance of Water Works,

893.78

Water Account, (Meters, &c.),

1,363.52

New Territories.

Maintenance of Laichikok Water Works,

C

186.93

The excess on "Maintenance of Buildings" was due to numerous unforeseen works becoming necessary that on Maintenance of Roads" to the preparation of material which is available for use in 1916; that on "Gas Lighting" to additional lamps fixed during

Expenditure.

66

the year, replacement of stolen fittings and the lighting and ventila- tion of additional public latrines; that on "Maintenance of Recrea- tion Grounds" to the execution of certain work at West End Park, which has not hitherto come under this vote; that on Stores Depreciation" to damages caused to a junk by the dredger "St. Enoch" for which compensation had to be paid; that on Upkeep of Plant" to extensive repairs executed to the Dredger "St. Enoch" to enable considerable dredging operations off Kowloon Point to be carried out; those on "Water Account to the fixing of a consider- able number of additional meters, both in Hongkong and Kowloon ; that on

Maintenance of Water Works, Kowloon", to increased consumption of water, necessitating an increased amount of sand- washing; and that on "Maintenance of Water Works, Laichikok", to the execution of extensive repairs to the channel which conveys water to the Filter Beds.

64

23

•Comparison of Expenditure, 1914 and 1915.

2. The following is a statement of the expenditure in 1915 as compared with that of the previous year:-

1914.

1915.

Increase.

Decrease.

(i) Personal Emoluments and

Other Charges,

(ia) Special Expenditure,

$ c.

413,850.57

660.00

C.

$ C.

399,278.72

14,571.85

422.04

237.96

(ii) Annually Recurrent Works. 567,100.18

558,448.03

8,652.15

(iii) Extraordinary Works,... 1,639,594.72 | 1,839,882.01

200,287.29

Total, $ 2,621,205.472,798,030.80

200,287.29

23,461.96

Item (i). The decrease in the first item is due to vacancies in the Staff, lapsing pay of Officers on leave and the cessation-except in a few cases-consequent upon the provision of free quarters, of the house allowances granted to overseers. The average rate of exchange for 1915 was 1/93 against 1/104 for 1914.

Item (ii).—The amounts expended under a number of the sub-heads were in some cases much greater and in others much less than those expended under the same sub-heads in 1914. The gross amount spent on Recurrent Works in 1915 was however only $8,652.15 less than in 1914. It is impossible to ascribe this to any individual item, nor would any useful purpose be served by giving a statement of the savings and excesses on the various sub-heads.

Item (iii). The programme of Public Works Extraordinary was largely curtailed on account of the War, but, notwithstanding this, the expenditure in 1915 was greater than that in 1914 to the

Water Works Revenue.

4

extent of $200,287.29. As regards the principal works in progress, the expenditure on the Tytam Tuk Scheme amounted to $800,701.25 or $460,441.97 more than in 1914, whilst that on the Typhoon Refuge, Mongkoktsui, amounted to $224,975.46, or $271,629.03 less than in 1914. The only other large item of expenditure was a sum of $244,362.60 spent in connection with the resumption of Inland Lot 3 for the purpose of extending the Central Police Station. The reduced expenditure on the Typhoon Refuge is accounted for by the completion of the work in August. The large expenditure on the Tytam Tuk Scheme was due to the construction of the large dam being in full swing throughout the year and to the arrival of the pumping plant from England.

Revenue from Water Works.

3. Water Works Revenue.—The following is a statement of the revenue derived from Water Works during the year 1915:—

Excess Con- sumption.

Rates 2%.

Total.

City including Wongneichong Village and properties bordering Shaukiwan Road,

Hill District,

$ C.

C.

93,899.74 240,504.43 334,404.17

Pokfulam District,

7,157.00

2,585.25

.....

6,171.23 13.628.23

2,585.25

...

Kowloon including bamshuipo and

Kowloon City,

Aberdeen.

Shaukiwan.

2,756.00

1,399.00

42.470.67 32,075.00 74,545.67

370.57 3,126.57

2,647.85 4,046.85

Laichikok,

19.180.75

19,180.75

Total,

169,448.41

282 069.08 451,517.49

Q 5

>>

Water Works Revenue.

4. Comparison of Water Works Revenue, 1914 and 1915.—The following is a comparative statement of the revenue derived from Water Works during the years 1914 and 1915 :-

City (as above stated),

Hill District,...

Pokfulam District,

Kowloon (as above stated),

Aberdeen,

r

Shaukiwan,

Laichikok,

:

:

:

:

1914

1915.

C.

$ C.

326,208.19

334,404.17

12.205.02

13,628.23

2,383.75

2,585.25

79,995 55

74,545.67

2.449.30

3,126.57

2,856.17

4,046.85

25,411.75

19,180.75

:

:

:

Total,

453,510.03 451.517.49

There was a falling-off of nearly $20,000 in the total amount received under the heading "Excess Consumption" during the year 1915 as compared with 1914. The receipts from the Laichikok Works, which are almost exclusively utilized for the supply of water to the Shipping, fell off by $6,231.00 whilst those derived from the City and Kowloon fell off by $8,395.56 and $8,248.83 respectively. In the case of all the other districts supplied, there were increases in the amounts received under the heading "Excess Consumption”. As may be gathered from the comparative statement of revenue derived in 1914 and 1915, the deficiency in revenue under the head- ing Excess Consumption" was practically made good by the increased amount received as 'Rates", the gross receipts for 1915 being only about $2,000 less than in 1914. The diminution in revenue from the Laichikok Works is obviously entirely due to the war and the diminutions in the case of the City and Kowloon may be ascribed to the same cause.

CC

Land Sales, &c.

6

Land Sales and Surveys.

5. Land Sales, Extensions, Grants, &c.—The following tabulated statement gives particulars of these :—

No. of Lots. Area in Sq. Feet.

Annual Rent.

Premium.

Total.

Total.

Total.

Total.

$ C.

C.

c.

C

Sales by Auction.

Island of Hongkong,

73,596

452.00

11,750.00

Kowloon Peninsula,

N. T., New Kowloon,

1

9,000

20.00

180.00

Southern District, 21 Northern District,

142,441

29.30

840.00

235

4,515,499

284.25

8,966.00

""

264

4,740,536

785.55

24,736.00

Sales without Auction.

Island of Hongkong,

2

18,206

110.00

7,743.80

Kowloon Peninsula,

N. T., New Kowloon,

Southern District, Northern District,

30

17,859

22.80

189.00

157

96,636

85.30

657,00

""

189

132,701

218.10

8,589.80

Extensions Granted.

Island of Hongkong,

34

61,761

254.80

5,512.78

Kowloon Peninsula,..

5

48,120

3,824.16

1,463.70

New Territories, ..

1

2,280

4.00

68.40

40

112,161

4,082.96

7,044.88

"J

12

Conversions and

Exchanges.

Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula,.. N. T., New Kowloon,

Southern District, Northern District,

Grants on Nominal

Terms.

33

21389

2,850

12.00

1,028.80

130,711

600.00

653.56

165,764

744.00

1,937.55

24,394

68.50

329.57

65,930

21.20

73.71

63

389,649

1,445.70

4,023.19

Island of Hongkong,

2

89,917

Kowloon Peninsula,..

New Territories,

89,917

Grants on Short Leases

Island of Hongkong,..

23,422.00

Kowloon Peninsula,..

New Territories,

209

2,350,233

1,289.47

213

2,350,233

24,711.47

Permits to occupy Land

for Short Periods.

Island of Hongkong, ..

629

14,537.55

Kowloon Peninsula,

265

11,173.50

New Territories, ·

188

9,406.54

N. T., let by A.D.O., S.,

805

1.750.79

N.,

19

>>

""

800

3,460.38

2,687

40,328.76

i

523,591 1,463,616

920.00

9,830.00

7,489,706

9,151.11

16

9,476,913

$19,901.11

750.00

2

750.00

3,476

[17,292,110]

$92,223.65

$ 11,393.87

17∞

Extensions of Short

Period Leases to

75 years.

Island of Hongkong,...

Kowloon Peninsula,.

New Territories,

Quarry Leases. Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula,. New Territories, .

Prospecting and Mining Licences.

New Territories,

Total,...........

N

Land Sales, &c.

The actual amount of premium paid into the Treasury during the year was $96,977.60 or much less than the Estimate which amounted to $206,000.00. It included the following sums which do not appear in the above tabulated statement :-

Premium derived from sale of right to erect

piers,...

Fees for Boundary Stones to mark lots,

$51,099.96

1,482.50

A sum of $2,427.80 was refunded to the owners of various lots. It consists of the following:-

Number of Lot.

Crown

rent.

Premium.'

Remarks.

#A

98.70 Area found to be less than that stated in Sale Con- ditions.

I.L. 1893,

R.B.L. 131,.

M.L. 64A,

45.78 96.72

146.16

Tai Hang Lot 27,

""

I.L."1096. I.L. 1096,

""

Do.

Refund of Crown rent in

respect of a portion of the lot resumed in 1914 for a public street.

8.55 Area incorrectly stated in

28,

15.30

>>

24,

14,85

4.76

An area of Crown land!

14.60

east of Wongneichong

Road held on permit,

Temporary pier oppo-

site M.L. 110,

Hongkong & Wham- poa Dock Co.'s pre- mises at Hunghom,...

90.00

assessing premium.

Do.

Do.

Refund of Crown rent in respect of a readjustment of the lot.

As the area was required for the new Overseers' Quar- ters, the permit was can- celled on 25.11.15 but rent had been paid up to 31.12.15. Erroneously paid by licensee for second half-year. Pier was removed before the end of first half-year. area given up from H.H.M.L. 1 for widening Gillies Avenue, less excess areas granted in connec- tion with K.M.L. 27 and H.H.I.L.'s 24 and 256.

1,892.38 For

Land Sales, &c.

8

The following is a comparative statement of the Revenue derived from Laud Sales, &c., for the years 1913-1915:-

Sales by Auction,

Sales without Auction,

Extensions granted.

Grants on Nominal Terms,

1913.

1914.

1915.

C.

238,245.00 29.621.69 11.278.16

$ c.

209,322.00

6.

6 247 50

24,736.00 8.589.80

16,265.65

7.044.88

Grants on Short Leases,

Extensions of short period leases to 75

years,

Premia derived from sale of rights to

erect piers,

Fees for Boundary Stones to mark lots. Re-adjustments in Hongkong, Kowloon

and New Territories,

Conversions and Exchanges,

Premium for Encroachments,

12,100.00

21,883.06

31.099.96

1.519.00

2.261.30

1.482.50

351.25

8.274.42

4,023 19

4

Premium for permission to build upon portions of Kowloon Marine Lots Nos. 10 and 11,

3,380.10

Total.

$

296,495.20

4,155.30

268.409.23

96,976.33

Actual amount of premium paid into the

Treasury,

297,089.10

268,476 27 96.977.60

6. Sales by Auction.-Two lots in the New Territories were sold by the Public Works Department, viz., New Kowloon Rural Build- ing Lot No. 2, which realized $180.00, and Fanling Lot No. 5, which realized $150.00. The Assistant District Officer at Taipo sold 234 small lots, which realized $8,816.00, and the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong 21 lots, which realized $840.00.

The following are details of the principal Land Sales:-

No. of Lot

I L, I. L.

2:38 2139

Area in square feet. Crown Rent.

28.037 20,432

$194.00 140 00

Rate realized. 15 c. per sq. ft

Premium.

$4.206.00 4,086.00

20 c. 2

*

7. Sales without Auction.-There were two items under this heading in Hongkong. One is a small plot adjoining I.L. 1280, containing an area of 2,726 square feet, which was sold to the Dairy Farm Co., Ltd., to enable them to extend their Town Depôt, the premium paid being $6,815.00 and the Crown rent $38.00 per annum. The other is Quarry Bay Inland Lot 10, which contains an area of 15,480 square feet, and which was granted to Messrs. Butterfield & Swire in 1909 subject to the nominal rent of $1.00 per annum, for the purpose of erecting a hospital for their employees. As the hospital was found to be unnecessary, Messrs. Butterfield & Swire applied to have the lot converted into an ordinary Building Lot for the erection of dwellings and this was done subject to payment of a sum of $928.80) as premium and to a Crown rent of $72.00 per annum. The Assistant District Officers at Hongkong and Taipo sold 187 lots in the New Territories by private treaty.

Land Sales, &c.

8. Extensions granted. The extensions granted in Hongkong comprised small areas to Inland Lots 1549, 1912, 2021, 2022, 2039, 2040, 2050, 2087, 2091, 2123, 2149 and 2151, Tai Hang Lots 27, 28, 29, 32, 35, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43, 15, 46 and 169, Shaukiwan Inland Lots 420, 421, 422, 431 and 435, Garden Lots 14 and 43 and Farm Lot 78. In Kowloon, it was found, in connection with the pre- paration of new leases, that certain lots contained areas in excess of those leased. The lots in question were Kowloon Inland Lot 1286, Kowloon Marine Lot 85 and the Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co.'s premises, riz., Kowloon Marine Lot 27 and Hunghom Inland Lots 24 and 256. In the New Territories, an extension was granted to Fanling Lot 3.

No extensions were granted in the case of lands coming under the control of the Assistant District Officers at Hongkong and Taipo.

9. Conversions and Exchanges.-In Hongkong, Shaukiwan In- land Lot 436 was granted in exchange for Shaukiwan Lot 315, and Shaukiwan Inland Lot 437 for Shaukiwan Lots 230 and 231.

In Kowloon, Kowloon Garden Lot 21 was converted into Kowloon Inland Lot 1297. This conversion took place under the terms arranged in 1887, whereby Garden Lots in Kowloon were converted into Inland Lots after certain public roads have been laid out. In the case of Garden Lot 21, the conversion was delayed for many years on account of certain claims advanced by the Military Authorities with regard to the lot falling within the limits of a Military Reserve.

In New Kowloon, portions of New Kowloon Farm Lot 7 were, in acccordance with the Conditions of Sale, converted into New Kowloon Inland Lots 78, 79 and 80, and portions of New Kowloon Farm Lot 8 were similarly converted into New Kowloon Inland Lots 81-88. The following exchanges were arranged in connection with the relaying out of Shamshuipo Village :-

Old Lots.

Lot 2690, S.D. IV,

New Lots.

New Kowloon Inland Lot 92

2745.

*

2700, 2747. 2695,

་ ་

.་

2744,

39

"

Lots 2684. 2688, 2689, 2711,1 2712 and 2713, S.D. IV, J

Lot 2693, S.D. IV,

2743.

11

2694, 2696.

*

Lots 2376 and 2439, S.D. IV.

35

2449 and 2458,

་ྭ་

35

2318, 2322, 2432, 2451,

2452, 2453, 2454, 2455,

2456 and 2476, S.D. IV,

31

"

93

19

"

94

J

.་

"

95

་་

Y

15

96

""

་་

97

"

"

98

*

་་

99

"

100

""

95

""

101

9

J

11

102

""

""

>>

103

104

21

"

33

2

105

Land Sales, &c.

Old Lots.

Lot 2384, S.D. IV,

Lots 2217, 2218, 2220-2233, 1

2235-2240, 2243-2249, 2252, 2257-2263, 2283- 2285, 2287, 2288, 2291, 2293-2296, 2372, 2373, 2377-2383, 2302-2305, 2312, 2329, 2335, 2337, 2353, 2359, 2368, 2369, 2388, 2389, 2391, 2392, 2397, 2403-2406, 2427, 2457, 2493, 2494, 2496, 2502, 2504, 2508-2510, 2514, 2515, 2529, 2530, 2532, 2536, 2537, 2540, 2541 and 2584, S.D. IV,

Q 10

New Lots.

New Kowloon Inland Lot 106

New Kowlon Inland Lots 107, 108, 109, 110, 111 and 112.

2227} } New Kowloon Inland Lot 113.

Buildings on Lots 2221, 2227 and 2248, S.D. IV,

Particulars of the conversions and exchanges in the New Territories, Northern and Southern Districts, will be found in the Land Officer's report.

10. Grants on Nominal Terms.-There were two lots granted, free of charge, in Hongkong, viz., Inland Lot No. 2121, containing an area of 52,500 square feet, granted as a site for a School for Indian Boys, and Inland Lot No. 2150, containing an area of 37,417 square feet, granted to the Hongkong University, primarily with a view to the formation of tennis lawns.

There were no grants of this description in the New Ter- ritories.

11. Grants on Short Leases.-Four such grants were made in Hongkong, viz. :—

(i) The Old Land Office Building leased for a period of one year from 1st January, 1915, at a monthly rental of $280.00.

(ii) The Old Post Office Building leased for a period of one year from 1st January, 1915, at a monthly rental of $1,050.00.

(iii) A portion of the Old Supreme Court Building, (certain rooms on the ground floor and in the basement), leased for a period of one year from 1st January, 1915, at a monthly rental of $276.50. The premises were re- entered on 31st August as the lessee failed to pay the rent and were subsequently leased to another party for a period extending from 1st December, 1915, to 31st December, 1918, at a rental of $180.00 per month.

Q 11

Land Sales, &c.

During the interval between 1st September and 30th November, ટો sum of $270.00 was paid by the sub-tenant of the former lessee as rent for the rooms he occupied.

(iv) A portion of the Old Supreme Court Building, (certain rooms on the ground and first floors), leased for a period extending from 1st September, 1915, to 31st December, 1918, at a monthly rental of $400.00.

There were no grants under this heading in Kowloon,

In the New Territories, 24 lots, containing an area of 403,257 square feet, were let by the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong and 185 lots, containing an area of 1,946,976 square feet, by the Assistant District Officer at Taipo for terms varying from one to five years.

12. Permits to occupy land, &c., for short periods.—These were of a very miscellaneous character and too numerous to admit of individual mention; most of them were for small areas to be held on half-yearly permits.

13. Extensions of Short Period Leases to 75 years.-There is nothing to report under this heading.

14. Quarries.-The Crown rents of Cha Kwo Liang Quarry Lots 1-30 and Lyemun Quarry Lots 1-25 for the first half year were reduced by 25%. A similar reduction for the second half-year was made in the case of Shaukiwan Quarry Lots 3 & 4 and a reduction of about 33% for the fourth quarter was made in the case of Hok Un Quarry Lot 6.

The following quarries were let by public auction or tender for the periods mentioned below:-

Tsat Tsz Mui Quarry Lot 2,. . Hok Un Quarry Lot 6, ...

..from 11'15 to 31:12 15.

Ma Tau Kok Quarry Lots 7 and 8, Jordan Road, Kowloon. Quarry Lot 10, Yaumati Quarry Lot 11,

Ngau Tau Kok Quarry Lot A 6,

""

*

11

""

""

"

11

;

""

*

"

Ngau Shi Wan Quarry Lots 1-4,... Mati Quarry Lot 9,

"

""

34

""

""

15/2/15 to 31 12 15.

"1

1 4 15 to 31/12 15.

Sai Tso Wan Quarry Lots B/1-B/16, Ngau Tau Kok Quarry Lots A 1-A 5,

A 7-A 14, A 19-A/22 & A 25, Lyemun Quarry Lots 1-25,

Cha Kwo Liang Quarry Lots 1-30, Fuk Tsun Heung Quarry Lot 12,

"J

"1

1 7 15 to 31 12 15.

"1

11

91

1/9 15 to 31/12 16.

No quarries were let by the Assistant District Officer at Hong- kong, but Cheung Chau Quarry, let by him for a term of 3 years commencing from 1st July, 1914, was re-entered on 30th November, 1915, for a breach of conditions, the security of $55.00 being forfeited.

Land Sales, &r.

Q 12

Lung Ku Tan Quarry Lots 1 and 2 were let by public auction for one year commencing from 1st June, 1915, by the Assistant District Officer at Taipo.

15. Prospecting and Mining Licences.-Two Mining Licences were issued in the Sha Tau Kok and Un Long Districts for periods. of 12 months commencing from 22nd April, 1915, and 17th August, 1915, respectively.

16. Resumptions. A portion of Marine Lot 53, containing an area of 45 square feet, and a portion of Inland Lot 953, containing an area of 1,055} square feet, were resumed by Government at a cost of $91000 and $1,582.88 respectively for the purpose of form- ing scavenging lanes. A small portion of Section B of Inland Lot 66, containing an area of 23 square feet, was resumed at a cost of $460.00 for widening Bonham Strand and small portions of Inland Lots 560 and 561, of a combined area of 1933 square feet, were resumed at a cost of $3,871,67 for widening the same thoroughfare. A sum of $250.00 was contributed by Government towards the cost of taking down and rebuilding the front wall of house No. 122 which stands on Inland Lot 560. The resumption of a portion of Garden Lot 3, 2.374 square feet in area, possession of which was obtained in 1996 for the construction of May Road, was completed by payment of $223.43 as compensation. Seven pigsties at Wong- neichong Village were removed and Wongneichong Lot 129, held on an annual lease, was resumed by Government to admit of the exten- sion of a nullah in connection with the scheme for improvement of the village, the total amount paid as compensation being $151,50. Farm Lots 14 and 15, at Kailungwan, (combined area 591,400 square feet), were resumed at a cost of $2,957.00, portions of these lots being required for extending Kailungwan Cemetery. Ho Mun Tin Lots Nos. 19 and 25, held on annual leases as Agricultural Lots, were resumed by Government at a cost of $313,50 and $198.00 respectively. This resumption was necessary to admit of the con- struction of a road and for the sanitary improvement of the neigh- bourhood, two large lots having recently been sold in the vicinity for the erection of dwelling houses The lessees of the lots in question (Kowloon Inland Lots 1283 and 1284 contributed $198 towards the cost of the resumption. Mongkok Lots 56, 58 and 59, held or annual leases as Agricultural Lots, were resumed as they were on the line of proposed public roads, the former at a cost of $132.00 and the two latter at a cost of $247.50. Chai Wan Village Lot 5, To Kwa Wan Lot 35 and Washing Tauk No. 8, Tai Hang, were re-entered for non-payment of Crown rent.

A sum of $115.50 was paid as compensation for Mongkok Lot 53 (cultivated land), resumed in 1910 in connection with the exten- sion of Argyle Street, Kowloon. The lessees of the lot had hitherto refused to accept the sum offered.

In the Southern District of the New Territories, 27 lots, containing an area of 27,878 square feet, were resumed for various reasons at a cost of $5,733.98 and 47 lots were either surrendered or were re-entered on account of non-payment of Crown rent.

Q 13

Land Sales, &c.

In the Northern District, 220 lots, containing an area of 191,882 square feet, were resumed for various reasons at a cost of $1,298.64 and 118 lots were either voluntarily surrendered or were re-entered.

17. Lease Plans.-Plans and particulars (in duplicate) of 88 lots and 2 piers were forwarded to the Land Officer in connection with the issue of leases.

18. Boundary Stones. -Boundary Stones were fixed for 21 lots in Hongkong, 8 lots in Kowloon and 16 lots in the New Territories.

19. Surveys.-Good progress was made with the Ordnance Survey of the Colony during the year. The whole of the Hill District, with the exception of a few lots and a portion of the Peak Tramway, was completed as well as considerable portions of the Central and Western Districts of the City, the whole being plotted to a scale of 1 inch = 50 feet. Arrangements are now being made for the production of a general map of the Hill District on a scale of 1 inch = 200 feet by reducing from the 50-foot plans.

The Ordnance Survey of Kowloon Peninsula (scale 1 inch = 50 feet) was completed and is now being finally revised. A general map has also in this case been prepared on a scale of 1 inch = 200 feet by reducing from the 50-foot plans. It has however been con- sidered advisable to include in the general map portions of New Kowloon, namely, Shamshuipo and Kowloon City, and, when these have been completed, the map will be sent home for reproduction. The surveys of Shaukiwan District, Aberdeen Village and adjoining cultivated areas and Pokfulam Farm Lots—the last-mentioned survey embraces an area of about 150 acres, were completed and plotted on the Ordnance maps. An area of about 150 acres of farm and orchard land at Fanling, New Territories, was surveyed and plotted. The new road from Taipo to Fanling, about six miles in length, and the light railway from Au Ha to Sha Tau Kok were surveyed and plotted, besides about 10 acres of salt pans at Sha Tau Kok. The main triangulation of the Colony was extended towards Tung Lung Island, Cape D'Aguilar and Beaufort Island, about a dozen new stations being erected and valued. This was done partly in con- nection with work required by the Military Authorities.

The following villages in the New Territories, comprising 4,601 houses, were surveyed and plotted during the year :-Yeung Kong Wai, Sun Hang Wai, Shek Kong Tsun, Tung Tau, Lung Uk Tsun. Shek Kong Wai, Ki Hang Tsun, Ha Tsun, Sheung Cheung Wai, Ping Shan Tsai, Ping Shan, Tong Fong, Shan Cheung, Hiong Yuen, Shui Tau, Wing Hung Wai, Shui Tan, San Tsui, Tam Shui Hang, Kong Ha, Wai Tsai, San Tsun, Tong To Tsun, U Shek Kok, Lek Mei, Im Tso Ha, Shek Kiu Tau, Ho Wo Hang, Au Ha, Nam Chung Cheng, Nga Iu Tau, Ma Tseuk Ling, Tai Long, Tsui Hang, Sheung Wo Hang. Leuk Keng, Sheuk Pan Tau, Kui Kuk Shui, Ho Lek Pai, Nam Hang Mei, Lo Tung Tsui, Mau Uk Pin, Ma Mi Hang. Hok Tan, Tam Chuk Hang, Hok Tau Pui, Leng Pei, San Wai and San Uk Tsai.

B. O. Work.

Q

Full details will be found in the Annual Survey Report.

20. Sites for Booths at the Race Course.-A sum of $10,507 was realized by the letting of sites for the erection of booths and stands at Happy Valley during the Race Meeting.

21. Squatters.-There is nothing to report under this heading.

22. Military Lands.-A narrow strip of Colonial Government land adjoining Boundary Path, area about 1,609 square feet, was granted to the Military Authorities in exchange for two small portions of War Department land, containing in all about 1,130 square feet, upon which Boundary Path had hitherto encroached.

23. Naval Lands.-Kowloon Marine Lot 92, containing an area of 4 0 r. 15 p., was formally transferred to the Naval Authorities as an extension to their Coaling Camber at Kowloon Point.

a.

24. Piers. The right of erecting piers under long leases was granted in two cases in Hongkong, viz., an extension to Permanent Pier No. 13 opposite Marine Lot 277 and an extension to Permanent Pier No. 18 opposite Hillier Street. An area of about 10,800 square feet in front of the pier opposite Marine Lot 277 was granted to the Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ltd., for the purpose of installing a floating pipe-line, &c. In Kowloon, there were also two long leases granted, viz., Kowloon Permanent Pier No. 34 opposite Kowloon Marine Lot 88 and Kowloon Permanent Pier No. 35 opposite Kowloon Marine Lot 91. Licences for the following temporary piers for various periods were issued or renewed:-23 in Hongkong, 14 in Kowloon and 19 in the New Territories. Licences were also issued or renewed for 21 slipways in Hongkong, 2 in Kowloon and 1 in the New Ter- ritories, the total fees for which amounted to $8,803.50. The premia derived in respect of permanent pier rights amounted to $46,699.96 and temporary piers to $4,400.00.

25. Cemeteries.-An area of about 24 acres known as Tai Shek Ku Chinese Cemetery, situate at Tai Shek Ku, Kowloon, was set apart as a place for re-interments after exhumation and for the storage of remains in pots or urns.

Work under the Buildings Ordinance.

26. By-laws and Regulations.~No new by-laws or regulations affecting constructional work were passed during the year nor were any amendments made.

27. Plans.-There has been an increase in the number of plans dealt with as compared with 1914, the greatest difference being in the number deposited for alterations and additions to existing buildings. The following is a tabulated statement show- ing the number of buildings, &c., for which plans were deposited

15

B. O. Work,

during the year, the figures for 1914 being given in a parallel column for purposes of comparison :----

1914.

1915.

Increase. Decrease.

European Houses,.

109

51

Chinese Houses,

291

251

58

40

Buildings & structures other

than the above, ......

140

141

Alterations and additions to

existing buildings,

1,790

2,105

315

Verandahs,

152

147

15

Balconies,

85

63

22

Sunshades,

19

Areas,

7

Piers,

4

4

Total,

2,597

2,764

316

119

28. Certificates.-The following certificates for new buildings were issued :---

91 for 328 domestic buildings under Section 204 of Ordinance

1 of 1903.

40 for 50 non-domestic buildings.

These figures show increases of 15 in the number of domestic buildings and of 2 in the number of non-domestic buildings or a total increase of 17 as compared with 1914.

29. Notices and Permits.-The following is a tabulated state- ment of the notices served and permits issued during the year, the figures for 1914 being given in a parallel column for purposes of comparison :-

1914.

1915. Increase. Decrease.

Dangerous Structure Notices, Miscellaneous Notices, ... Nuisances reported by Of- ficers of the Sanitary De- partment,

Permits,

Fees collected on account of

the issue of permits to obtain sand and stone from Crown land,

149

137 372 615

12

243

1,560 2.069 1,077 1,786

509

709

$2,730.60 $914.50

$1,816.10

B. O. Work.

Q 16

The permits include one for the erection aud maintenance of temporary structures on Kowloon Inland Lo' 897e, Tai Kok Tsui, in connection with which a fee of $50.00 was paid.

In cases where permits had been lost, a fee of $2.00 was charged in each case before a new permit was issued. The amount collected from this source was $52.00.

The following is a tabulated statement of the cases in which legal proceedings were taken with regard to failure to obtain permits, the number of convictions obtained and the amount of the fines imposed :—

Nature of Offence.

Removal of stone from Crown land or

No. of No. of

Amount

cases, convictions. of Fines.

foreshore without permission,

11

11

153.00

Depositing materials on Crown land

without permission....

120.00

Erecting or maintaining matsheds on

Crown land without permission,

12

12

121.00

30. Resumptions for Scavenging Lanes, &c.—A statement of the work done will be found under the heading "Public Works, Extraordinary" (paras. 131 and 153),

31. Private Streets.-Re-surfacing and other repairs under the provisions of Section 186 of the Buildings Ordinance were carried out by this Department at the cost of the frontagers in the following

streets:

Wing Wo Street.

Tam Lane and lanes at rear of

Nos. 129-159 Third Street and 120-142 Second Street.

Lanes at rear of Nos. 250-258 Hollywood Road, 82-92 Queen's Road West and 1-13A New ! Street, and at side of Nos. 5, 13, 134 and 15 New Street and No. 248 Hollywood Road.

Lane at rear of Nos. 147-153 Des

Voeux Road West.

Un Wo Lane.

Kwong Yuen Street East. Kwong Yuen Street West.

Lane at rear of 27-39 Hollywood Road and 44 and 46 Lyndhurst Terrace.

Lane at side of 3 and 5 Queen's

Road Central and 4 and 6 Des Voeux Road ('eutral.

Lane at rear of Nos. 85-95 Well-

ington Street, 74-82 Stanley Street and 13-17 Cochrane Street.

Hing Lung Street.

Clarence Terrace and approach

road to same.

Tai Wong Lane.

Lane at rear of Nos. 133-165

Queen's Road West.

Sai On and On Ning Lanes. In Ku Lane. Wing Lee Street.

Tsing Kai Lane. Lamont's Lane.

Cheung Hing Street.

Chi Shing Lane and lanes at rear of 100-118 Wanchai Road, 113-135 Praya East, 1-10 Chi Shing Lane, 1-19 Bowrington Road and at side of 2 Tin Lok Lane.

17

Ng Fuk Lane.

Wing Sing Street.

B. O. Work.

Lane between 95-121 Temple Street and 132-158 Shanghai Street.

32. Improvements, &c., of Public_Streets.-The policy of requiring houses, when undergoing reconstruction, to be built at a higher level where necessary in order to provide for the future rais- ing of certain low-lying areas in Hongkong and Kowloon has been continued. In some cases, arrangements are made with owners whereby the ground floors of their houses are retained at their former levels upon their giving an undertaking to raise such floors when the raising of the street is carried out.

33. Footways.-Attention has been given to the footways under balconies and verandahs, notices having been served upon owners to repair such footways. In the following cases, the necessary work has been carried out by this Department at the cost of the owners :—

Road East between

Queen's

Arsenal Street and Royal Naval Hospital (general improve- ments, completed).

1-19 and 2-16 Bowrington Road, 113-116 and 136 Praya East and 5 Tin Lok Lane.

9-37 and 14-42 Cross Street and at side of 35 and 40 McGregor Street.

1-21 Morrison Hill Road. 100-132, 161-177 and 189-197

Wanchai Road.

20 Yee Wo Street.

128-140 Queen's Road Central. 83-85 Connaught Road Central and 167-171 Des Voeux Road Central.

245 Wing Lok Street. 50-70 Wellington Street. 7, 9 and 19 Elgin Street. 51 Peel Street.

19 and 21 Aberdeen Street. 16 and 18 Hillier Street. 11 Po Hing Fong (side). 67 Reclamation Street. 38-48 Shanghai Street.

In the case of the following new buildings erected during the year, the footways under balconies and verandahs adjoining such buildings have been surfaced by this Department at the cost of the lessees :-

Hongkong.

86-89 Connaught Road Central

and 173-179 Des Voeux Road Central.

17-33 and 87-90A Praya East.

2-12 Burrows Street and 88A-941

Wanchai Road.

1-12 Caroline Road.

33, 35 and 35A Whitfeild.

2A, 2B and 20 Tunglowan.

165-177 Third Street.

Kowloon.

104-118 Nathan Road.

3-13 Saigon Street.

1-39 Pekin Road.

174-178 Portland Street.

69-95 Reclamation Street.

1-5 Kansu Street.

74 Battery Street.

1-5 Gillies Avenue.

K.I L.'s 1223 and 1292, Kowloon

City Road.

N.K.İ.L. 46, Shamshuipo.

B. O. Work.

18

34. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.--Practically no damage was done to buildings in the Colony by Typhoon and Rainstorms.

35. Landslips.—Landslips occurred on two occasions on I.L. 1948, Kennedy Road, resulting in the death of three persons and injuries to a fourth.

A landslip occurred on L.L. 2040, Tai Hang, resulting in injury to one person and damage to a house.

36. Collapses.The servants' quarters and portion of a retain- ing wall connected with No. 133 Plantation Road, R.B.L. I Sec. B, R.P., collapsed.

The roof of a workshop on War Department land, Queen's Road East, collapsed, resulting in injury to two persons.

The roof of No. 67 Fni In Street, Shamshuipo, collapsed bring- ing down with it a cockloft. Three persons were injured.

There were a few other collapses of a minor nature which do not call for special comment.

37. Tests of Mortar-Attention was given to the testing of mortar, 174 samples being taken from works in progress. Legal proceedings were taken in 6 cases in which the mortar was found to be below the accepted standard, and in two of these cases convictions were obtained, fines amounting to $175.00 being inflicted. The other cases were adjourned sine die pending the result of an appeal to the Full Court in connection with one of the convictions obtained.

38. Prosecutions.-The following is a tabulated statement of the cases in which legal proceedings were taken with regard to defective building work (other than defective mortar), illegal works and other nuisances, the number of convictions obtained and the amount of fines imposed :-

Nature of offence.

No. of No. of Amount cases, convictions. of Fines.

Defective building work, Illegal works (ie., divergence from

approved plans, non-submission of plans before commencing building operations, construction of illegal works, and occupation of matsheds, &c., without permission)... Other Nuisances (i.e., non-compliance

with notices issued in connection with nuisances reported by officers of the Sanitary Department),

1

10.00

40

38

535.00

28

23

156.00

19

B. O. Work.

39. Testing Drains.-Fees amounting to $40.00 were collected on account of additional inspections of drains necessitated by care- lessness or negligence on the part of the parties concerned in the carrying out of the work. This shows a decrease of $90.00 com- pared with 1914.

40. Modifications.-Written modifications of varions sections of the Ordinance were granted in 61 cases under the powers confer- red by Section 2648. This shows a decrease of 41 compared with 1914.

41. Applications and Appeals to the Governor-in-Council under Section 265.--There is nothing to record under this heading.

42. Cemeteries.-Work in connection with forming new ter- races, etc., to afford additional grave spaces was carried out in the following cemeteries:-

Mount Caroline (Sections A & B).

Kai Lung Wan (Sections A & (').

Han Pui Loong (Sections A, B & C and Plague Section).

Kowloon Tong (Sections B & C').

Sai Yu Shek (Section A).

In addition, various paths were surfaced, roads formed and other maintenance works were carried out at Mount Caroline, Kailungwan, Kowloon Tong and Chai Wan.

Work in connection with the laying out of the first section of the new Chinese Cemetery at Aberdeen (A.I.L. 78) for permanent interments was completed at a cost of about $25,000.00, the whole of which was defrayed by the Founders. In addition to this, the construction of a pier for use in connection with the Cemetery was undertaken, the estimated cost of it being $3,800. The pier is 115 feet long, the main portion being constructed of rubble, faced with squared stone, set in cement mortar. A timber T-head, with landing steps, is provided to enable launches to come alongside. The con- tract for the pier was let to the Tung Shing Firm, who were also the contractors for the laying out of the cemetery.

A survey of the laid-out portion of the cemetery was being made but had not been completed at the close of the year.

43. Theatres Regulation Ordinance.—Twenty-eight licences were issued under this Ordinance during the year for the holding of various public performances. In some cases, the licences were for performances in buildings specially erected for the purpose, in some cases for existing buildings which were altered as required prior to the granting of the licences, and in other cases for per- formances in the open air.

B. O. Work.

Q 20

A sum of $1,851 00 was derived from fees paid in connection with the issue of licences. This includes the following cases in which the nominal fee of $1.00 was sanctioned by the Governor in Council: the Union Church Hall; the playground of St. Paul's College; Queen's College Hall; the Catholic Union Hall and the compound of the Roman Catholic Cathedral. The foregoing places are in addition to those mentioned in preceding Reports.

44. Fires.-The following buildings were seriously injured by fire, some of them being damaged to such an extent as to require reconstruction :—

180 Des Voeux Road Central.

111 and 113 Jervois Street.

2 and 4 Tsz Mi Alley.

2 and 4 Tsui Lung Lane.

24-30 (even numbers) Tai Ping Shan Street.

158 Queen's Road East.

8-11 Star Street.

62-72 (even numbers) Main Street, Shaukiwan East.

37-39 Main Street, Aberdeen.

Glass factory, Tai Wan, N.K.L.L. 53.

Sugar factory, Canton Road, K.M.L. 56.

79 Sai Kok.

In addition to the above, a timber-yard and sheds on I.L. 954, Kennedy Town, were destroyed by fire.

In the case of the fire at 2 and 4 Tsui Lung Lane, 5 persons met their death.

45. Reclamations.-The following is a statement of the private reclamations which were in progress during the year:

Shaukiwan Inland Lot 433,

Marine Lot 321, North Point,

The Old Police Basin, Kowloon Point,*

Area in Sq. Ft.

11,268

...125,000

22,615

The areas stated are those of the lots, which extend further inland than old high water mark and are therefore not exclusively reclaimed from the sea.

* In accordance with the arrangements made with the Hongkong and Kowloon Wharf and Godown Co. in 1912, the Police Basin was handed over to them in exchange for certam land required for the terminal station of the Kowloon-Canton Railway.

21

B. O. Work.

46. Principal Works of a Private Nature. The erection of one block of students' quarters and of 5 houses for the staff of the Hongkong University on Inland Lot 1877 was completed and con- siderable progress was made with the erection of a second block of students' quarters. An engineering workshop and a gas-producer house on Inland Lot 1853 were completed and the construction of a carpenters' workshop, an extension to the Hydraulic Laboratory and of two buildings to serve as quarters for coolies and watchmen in connection with the University was commenced.

The University Recreation Ground (Inland Lot 1949), Pokfulam Road, was turfed and fenced in and the construction of a pavilion was commenced.

The new and extensive premises for the Sincere Company in Wing Wo Street were completed.

Considerable progress was made with the erection of the 'Helena May' Institute on Inland Lot 2083, Garden Road.

The development of Inland Lot 1947, on the ridge east of Happy Valley, was proceeded with, 6 European residences being completed. The erection of one other residence was still in progress.

The Maternity Wards in connection with the Matilda Hospital on Mount Kellett Road were completed, though not certified before the end of the year.

Two blocks of flats on Inland Lot 1929, May Road, were completed.

Progress was made with the erection of some new oil tanks at Lai Chi Kok for the Standard Oil Co.

A new station on the Peak Tramway was constructed adjoining May Road.

The reclamation of a new site for the works of the Hongkong Electric Co., (Marine Lot 321), at North Point, was commenced and was well advanced by the close of the

year.

The buildings formerly occupied by the Hongkong Cotton Spinning and Weaving Co. on Inland Lot 1018, Causeway Bay, were acquired by the French Convent for occupation as a Hospital, Orphanage, School, Sisters' Quarters, &c. This has necessitated considerable alterations to the buildings, of which only the Orphan- age was completed by the end of the year.

1

B. O. Work.

22

Amongst other works which have been commenced or completed during the year, the following may be mentioned: ----

Works commenced.

9 Chinese houses, S.I.L.'s 420, 421 and 422, Sai Wan Ho.

G

20

CURANNANNTIR

"

A

I.L. 2086, Whitfeild.

1.1. 2084, Tunglowan. I.L. 1970, Whitfeild. I.L. 1723, Whitfeild. LL. 2093, Ship Street. I.L. 1296, Kennedy Town. I.L. 2119, Star Street.

I.L. 210, Hollywood Road. K.I.L. 1262, Argyle Street.

11 European houses, I.L.'s 1923 and 1945, Kennedy Road

"

དཱ

"

9

I.L. 1910, Kennedy Road.

I.L.'s 1931 and 1938, Kennedy Road.

I.L.'s 2080 and 2090, Mount Davis,

I.L. 711, Conduit Road.

R.B.L.'s 2 and 138, Peak.

K.L.L. 576. Chatham Road. K.I.L. 1171, Austin Avenue. K.I.L. 1293, Nathan Road.

2 blocks of European flats, K.I.L. 1292, Jordan Road.

Indian School, I.L. 2121, Sookunpoo.

Godown, 94 Praya East.

Mosque, IL 268, Shelley Street.

New School, I.L. 833, Battery Road.

Additions to the China Light and Power Co.'s Station, II.H.I.L.

225, Chatham Road.

Temple, N.K.I.L. 67, Shamshuipo.

Temple, Lot 1656, Ngau Shi Wan.

Dispensary, K.I.L. 1296, Kansu Street.

Wharf opposite K.M.L. 91, Canton Road.

Godown and wharf, K.M.I.. 88, Salisbury Road.

Forming sites for building operations: --I.L. 2070, Ship Street; I.L.'s 1923, 1944, 1945, 2072 and 2074, Kennedy Road ; R.B.L. 138, Lugard Road; I.L. 2053, Babington Path; N.K.I.L. 63, Ngau Tau Kok; K.M.L. 87, Reclamation Street; and K.F.L. 3, Waterloo Road.

23

Works completed.

B. O. Work.

15 Chinese houses, M.L. 64a, Praya East and Tai Wong Lane.

1900

8 43

*26

C) 10 15 20 01 −1 — 20

نا

""

*

A

*

"

M.L. 64, Praya East.

M.L. 40, Praya East, Amoy Street and

Swatow Street.

M.L. 110, Praya East, Burrows Street,

Mallory Street and Wanchai Road.

1.L. 1943, Whitfeild.

1.L. 834, Hill Road.

I.L 798, Third Street.

I.L. 2040, Tai Hang.

"

I.L. 2085, Tai Hang.

7

12

+27

18

88

"

14

A:

3

11

19

I.L.'s 1036, 1037 and 1038, Whitfeild.

I.L. 472, Percival Street.

M.L.'s 18 and 53A, I.L.'s 1959 and 2000,

Des Voeux Road Central.

I.L. 798, Queen's Road West.

I L. 2087, Tai Hang.

S.I.L.'s 434 and 435, Shankiwan.

SI.L.'s 63′ and 64, Shankiwan.

K.I.L. 571 R.P., Nathan Road, Saigon Street

and Cheung Lok Street.

K.L.L. 1286, Reclamation Street and Kansu

Street..

K.I.L. 1282, Portland Street.

K.I.L.'s 1223 and 1292, Kowloon City Road. N.K.J.L. 46, Shamshuipo.

12 European houses, I.L 's 690 and 691, Bonham Road.

I L. 729, Leighton Hill Road.

12

6

1

"

11

13

**)

10.00

"

多多

J

13

*

31

J.L. 124, Old Bailey.

I.L.'s 1934 and 1941, Kennedy Road. I.L. 1940, Kennedy Road.

I L. 2039, Broadwood Road and Broadwood

Terrace.

IL 1926, Wongneichong.

R B.L. 1, Peak.

K.I.L. 414, Middle Road.

Silencers and coolers for Hongkong Electric Co.'s Power Station,

I.L. 1210, Star Street.

Cinema Theatre, I.L. 834, Hill Road.

Acetylene Gas Factory and Godown, I.L. 2082, Kennedy Town.

* 6 of these houses were not certified as the new private street, known as Mallory Street, was not completed.

In addition to the 20 houses appearing in last years Report under Works commenced ", 7 others were begun in 1915.

These were grouped in last year's Report with 7 houses on N.K.I.L. 41 which have not been completed.

In addition to the 2 houses appearing in last year's Report under “ Works commenced ", 2 others were begun in 1915.

Of the 10 houses mentioned in last year's Report, 7 were still uncompletel at the end of 1915.

** In this case, an existing house was converted into two, the conversion entailing extensive reconstruction.

B. Ó. Work.

Q 24

-

Coal Godown and machinery house, &c., S.M.L. 1, Sai Wan Ho.

Brewery and quarters, N.K.I.L. 60, C'heung Sha Wan.

Knitting Factory, K.I.L. 1260, Portland Street.

Godown and quarters, L.L. 2040, Tai Hang.

Temple and Dispensary, N.K.I.L. 54. Shamshui pò.

Wharf and spare gear store, Q.B.M.L. 2, Quarry Bay.

Godown, I.L. 1723, Whitfeild.

Knitting Factory, I.L. 1580, Causeway Bay.

Machinery shop and godown, M.L. 285, North Point.

Sports Pavilion, Queen's Recreation Ground.

Billiard room and pavilion, I.L. 609B, Bonham Road.

Sugar Factory Furnaces, I.L. 905, Kennedy Town.

Retaining walls and fish-pond, I.L. 1355, Kennedy Town.

Antimony Furnaces, I.L. 1703, Kennedy Town.

Godown, N.K.I.L. 48, Shamshuipo.

Godown, K.M.I.. 56, Mongkoktsui.

Factory, K.M.L. 85, To Kwa Wan.

Soap Factory, Lot 7245, Kowloon City.

Pier, M... 106. Connaught Road West.

Godown, I.L. 1301, Catchick Street.

Soy Factory, M.L. 239, Kennedy Town.

Cinema Theatre, I.L. 673 R.P., Queen's Road West.

Workshop, K.I.L. 216, Battery Street.

Forming sites for building operations, I.L. 1937, Macdonnell

Road.

There were numerous other buildings besides those mentioned above, which were either commenced or completed during the year, but they were not of sufficient magnitude or importance to justify special mention.

25

P.W.R. Hongkong.

The following buildings, &c., mentioned in last year's Report were not completed by the 31st December, 1915:-

*7 Chinese houses, N.K.I.L. 41, Shamshuipo.

†7 European houses, I.L. 1926, Wongneichong.

Schoolhouse, I.L. 1937, Macdonnell Road.

Workshops and packing sheds, N.K.I.L. 53, Tai Wan.

School in connection with Rosary Church, K.I.L. 617, Chatham

Road.

Forming sites for building operations, L.L.'s 1931, 1938 and 1948, Kennedy Road; I.L.'s 690 and 691, Bonham Road; I.L. 953, Belchers Street; K.I.L.'s 1283 and 1284, Ho Mun Tin; and K.I.L.'s 640 and 1267, Ma Tau Kok.

PUBLIC WORKS RECURRENT.

Hongkong.

47. Maintenance of Buildings.-The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following:-

Government Civil Hospital:-

Staff Quarters-General repairs

and painting throughout,

$3,982.91

Repairs to drains, etc.,

335.85

$4,318.76

"A" Block-Sundry repairs,

416.07

Relaying tiles,...

288.73

704.80

"B" Block--General repairs

and painting throughout,

2,985.77

Sundry repairs,

61.57

3,047.34

"C" Block-General repairs and painting

throughout,

2,000.64

Maternity Block-General re-

pairs and painting through-

out,

1,008.77

Sundry repairs,

67.22

1,075.99

Operating Theatre --Minor repairs,

114.70

Chinese Staff Quarters-General repairs

and painting throughout,

619.99

European Lunatic Asylum-

General repairs and painting

throughout,...

1,369.05

Sundry repairs,

438.11

1,807.16

and painting throughout,

Chinese Lunatic Asylum-General repairs

Carried forward,...

* These were grouped in last year's Report with 8 houses on N.K,IL 46 which have been completed.

† of the 10 houses mentioned in last year's Report, 3 were completed.

This work was commenced in 1913 but progress on it has been suspended.

925.87

$14,615.25

P.W.R. Hongkong.

26

Government Civil Hospital,-Continued.

Brought forward.........

Re-turfing portion of area occupied by matsheds erected on behalf of the Ad- niralty for temporary hospital purposes, Superintendent's Quarters-Minor repairs,

Central Police Station:--

Barrack Block-General repairs and paint-

ing throughout,

$14,615.25

52.81 12.17

$14.680.23

6,896.03

D.S.P.'s and Married Inspectors' Quarters-

General repairs and painting throughout,

2,812.42

Minor repairs to buildings generally,

191.62

9,900.07

Mountain Lodge:-

General repairs and painting throughout. Minor repairs,

7.387.06

64.21

7,451.27

Government Buildings generally:

Repairs to electric lights, lifts, fans, bells,

alarms and lightning conductors,

2,897.42

Repairs to water services,

719.65

Clearing drains, erecting and removing

punkahs, etc., etc.,

1,160.10

4,777.17

Victoria Hospital:-

General repairs and painting throughout,

3,364.93

Staff Quarters-General repairs and paint-

ing externally,

811.21

Various minor repairs,

71.18

4,247.32

Kennedy Town Depôts and Slaughter Houses :--

Cattle Depôt-General repairs

and limewhiting and tarring internally,

$1,189.38

Sundry repairs,

83.25

1,272.63

Sheep and Swine Depôt-Gen- eral repairs and limewhit- ing and tarring internally...

Sundry repairs,

Slaughter House-General re-

pairs and limewhiting and tarring internally,

Sundry repairs,

Inspector's Quarters-Minor repairs,

979.38

54.17

1,033.55

460.91

104.80

565.71 74.35

2,946.24

27

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Victoria Gaol :-

Assistant Superintendent's Quarters-Gen-

eral repairs and painting throughout, $1,263.79 Warders' Quarters-Various minor repairs,

207.30

Materials supplied,...

503.39

Various minor repairs to buildings gener-

ally,

263.72

Rebuilding furnaces,

201.78

$2,439.98

No. 8 Police Station :-

:-

General repairs and painting throughout, Minor repairs,

2,155.46

47.38

2,202.84

Shaukiwan Police Station :-

:

General repairs and painting through-

out,

Minor repairs,

1,811.76

15.00

1,826.76

Central Market:-

General repairs and limewhiting and

tarring internally,

Various minor repairs,

649.81

561.31

1,211.12

Old Government Offices:-

Repairs to roof,

727.32

Do. western entrance,

164.85

Various minor repairs,

299.61

1,191.78

City Disinfecting Station-General repairs and painting

throughout,

1,114.86

Public Mortuary-General repairs and painting through-

out,

1,099.19

Government Laundries, Kennedy Road,-General repairs

and limewhiting internally,

1,044.45

Aberdeen School and Fire Station-General repairs

and painting throughout,

990.03

New Government Offices :-

Various minor repairs,

Relaying tiles,

510.64

477.58

988.28

Western Market :-

North Block-General repairs and lime-

whiting and tarring internally,

431.15

South Block-General repairs and lime-

whiting and tarring internally,

265.21

Various minor repairs,

200.41

896.77

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Bay View Police Station:--

28

General repairs and painting through-

out,

Minor repairs.

$ 785.12 54.55

$ 839.67

767.64

709.53

Old Supreme Court and Post Office--Various minor

repairs,..

Saiyingpun Market-General repairs and limewhiting

and tarring internally,

Eastern District Sanitary Office and Quarters:—

General repairs and painting through-

out,

Laying concrete in yard,

440.49

117.72

558.21

Western District Sanitary Office, QQuarters and Bullock Stables :-

General repairs and painting through-

out,

361.88

Various minor repairs,

131.08

492.96

Tank Lane Bath House-New boiler and water tank,

556.27

Saiyingpun School:--

General repairs and painting internally, 430.82 Minor repairs,

56.91

487.73

Colonial Cemetery Buildings-General repairs and

painting throughout,

455.76

Pokfulam Police Station-General repairs and painting

throughout,

386.69

Wanchai Market-General repairs and limewhiting

and tarring internally,

260.58

Old Harbour Office-Various minor repairs,

224.82

Aberdeen Market- General repairs and painting through-

out,

211.94

Temporary Quarters for Scavengers, Bridges Street—

Various minor repairs,

223.11

Sookunpoo Market-General repairs and limewhiting

and tarring internally,

219.77

Imports, and Exports Department-Staff Quarters-

General repairs and painting throughout,

216.29

Sookunpoo Nursery-Repairs to Quarters,

214.72

Gough Hill Police Station--Various minor repairs, New Law Courts-Various minor repairs,

204.29

200.09

48. Improvements to Buildings.-This is a new vote to cover the cost of effecting improvements in buildings, such as substituting concrete for timber floors, iron for timber beams, or carrying out minor alterations. Such work has hitherto been generally charged to the Vote for "Maintenance of Buildings". The following is a statement of the works executed under this heading:-

1

Q 29

P.W.R. Hongkong.

concrete floor,

Central Police Station:-

Detectives' Room-Laying reinforced

Canteen--Erecting brick wall,.

Single Inspectors'

Quarters-Fixing

swing doors,

Fitting up shelving,

Mountain Lodge:-

wood,

Renewing sashes and frames with teak-

Fitting up new water-closet,

$1,399.85

124.10

97.17

10.99

$1,632.11

710.00

158.86

Covering hot-water pipes with asbestos,

132.88

1,001.74

Ellis Kadoorie School-Painting, colourwashing and

improvements,...

826.16

City Disinfecting Station--Improvements to compound,

696.73

New Government Offices:-

Brass nosings to treads of stairs,

455.00

Alterations to latrine,

160.57

Treasury-Repairing desk lamp,

5.95

621.52

Victoria Gaol:

Warders' Quarters-Cement concrete

partition in Indians' bathroom,

470.53

Assistant Superintendent's Quarters-

Laying reinforced concrete floor, .. 139.02

609.55

Subordinate Officers' Quarters, West End Park:-

Enlarging windows in servants' quarters

and providing additional windows,

236.48

Cementing bank,

184.87

Providing and fixing letter boxes,

126.72

Fixing window guards, ...

7.19

555.26

Government Civil Hospital :-

Staff Quarters-Extending railings en- closing verandahs at rear of build-

ing,

165.27

Improvements to electric lighting,

140.34

Tarring paths and compound,

125.00

Theatre Fixing ground glass on roof

light,

66.89

Improvements to hot-water service.

17.90

515.40

Saiyingpun School-Substituting concrete for wooden

floor,

403.17

Victoria Hospital-Laying tar-toppings and tar-painting

approach path,

402.51

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Western Market :-

30

North Block-Fitting up Killing Room, South Block-Renewing flushing pipes,

$267.26

44.54

$311.80

Old Government Offices :----

Electrician's Office-Laying hardwood

floor, ...

190.12

Erecting sunshades, &c.,

108.90

299.02

Central Market-Constructing reinforced concrete stalls, Queen's College-Erecting additional closets,

261.47

178.46

No. 8 Police Station-Constructing reinforced concrete

verandah,

164.06

Imports & Exports Department-Opium Factory- Fix-

ing expanded metal,

110.61

49. Maintenance of Lighthouses.-The following sums were expended upon the various lighthouses:-

Waglan:-

General repairs, painting and colour-

washing externally,

New lantern glass,

Repairs to bell,

$1,345.41

234.66

31.45

$1,611.52

Gap Rock:--

General repairs, painting and colour-

washing externally,

Lightning conductors,

Minor repairs,

1,028.38

108.89

28.90

1,166.17

Cape Collinson :-

Extending concrete footway,

469.62

General repairs, painting and colour-

washing externally,

202.42

Minor repairs,

32.24

704.28

Green Island:-

་་

General repairs, painting and colour-

washing externally,......

Minor repairs,

362.11

71.78

433.89

Shatin Beacon :-

Repairs to concrete base,

233.65

Cheung Chau Rock :--

Fixing new standard and lamp,

138.64

31

P.W.R. Hongkong.

50. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in City

Improvements to Roads and Bridges in City.

Approximate

Mileage 60.—A new vote under the second heading of this para- graph was introduced in the Estimates for 1915. The work execut- ed under the two headings is however so closely allie.l that no useful purpose would be served by treating these headings separately and they have therefore been combined in this Report.

The road surfaces were maintained generally in a satisfactory condition, the bituminous treatment of carriageways throughout the City being considerably extended with the satisfactory result of further appreciably diminishing erosion. The opening of a Gov- ernment Quarry rendered it possible to obtain the requisite grades of stone required for producing mixtures of maximum density and advantage was taken of this to modify the methods of bituminous treatment hitherto in use by laying an artificial asphalte in certain roads which are subject to heavy traffic. The following are particulars of the improved surfacing introduced on a number of the roads :-

Substitution of Granite Setts for Macadam or Concrete :-

Connaught Road, continuation of length already laid

near west end of Wing Lok Street,

Burd Street,...

Queen Victoria Street,

Praya East,

Smithfield,

Yee Wo Street,

sq. yds.

152

80

280

78

122

257

sq. yds.,

969

Substitution of Tar Macadam for Ordinary Macadam :-

sq. yds.

Bonham Road,

Conduit Road,

Connaught Road Central,

Fuk Hing Lane,

Hatton Road,

Lower Albert Road,

Mosque Junction,

1,318*

1,926

208

263

331

123

:

107

Peak Road,

Pokfulam Road,

340

60

Smithfield,

Queen's Road East,..

Wanchai Road,

Wongneichong Road,

.*.

4,214

486

994

1,292

sq. yds., 11,662

*The cost of this item, amounting to $962.84 was charged to the vote "Roads, Hongkong,-General Works" under Public Works Extraordinary.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

32

Substitution of 2" Asphaltum laid on Cement Concrete bed for

Macadum:

Bonham Strand West,

Chater Road,

Des Voeux Road Central,

Praya East,

Wing Lok Street,

sq. yds.

1,574*

2,067 1,200†

Substitution of 3" Asphaltum for Macadam :-

Tai Yuen Street,-strip along lower side of street,

168

50

sq. yds., 5,059

sq. yds.

370

sq. yds.,

370

sq. yds. 1,219

Substitution of 1′′ Asphaltum Carpeting for Macadam :-

Des Voeux Road Central,

sq. yds., 1,219

Re-surfacing worn-out concrete footways with Asphaltum Carpeting:-

Bowrington Road (portion, amounting to 93 square yards, charged to lot-owners, as footways are under- neath balconies),

Morrison Hill Road (portion, amounting to 162 square yards, charged to lot-owners, as footways are under- neath balconies),

Wanchai Road (portion, amounting to 208 square yards, charged to lot-owners, as footways are underneath balconies).

Morrison Street,

sq. yds.

149

202

Application of a thin coat of Tar Toppings:-

Conduit Road,

Garden Road (near St. John's Place),

Hill Road,

Jackson Road,

Macdonnell Road,

May Road,

Wardley Street,

Wyndham Street,

308

83

sq. yds.,

742

sq. yds.

65

442

776

120

155

261

239

120

sq. yds., 2,178

* The cost of this item, amounting to $5,837.30, was charged to the vote Bonham Strand West,-Paving" under Public Works Extraordinary.

†The cost of this item, amounting to $4,921.93, was charged to the vote "Paving of Main Roads, Hongkong", under Public Works Extraordinary.

Tarring and Sanding :--

33

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Albany Road,

Bonham Road,

sq. yds. 2,210 2,627

Caine Road,...

3.998

Conduit Road,

4,093

Connaught Road Central,

1,694

Garden Road,

4,350

Hatton Road,

331

Hill Road,

1,093

Jackson Road,

630

Lower Albert Road,

1.294

Macdonnell Road,

5,846

Seymour Road,

Magazine Gap Road, May Road, Gap Road,

Mosque Junction, Peak Road,

Pokfulam Road,

Queen's Road Central,

Queen's Road East,.

Robinson Road,

Wanchai Gap Road,

2,035

3.190

4,715

682

:

1,788

9,649

7,945

1.180

1,168

1,282

1,198

Wardley Street,

Wyndham Street,

Upper Albert Road,

2,506

508

2,140

sq. yds., 68,152

Substitution of 2" Granolithic Paving Slabs for defective Concrete footways:--

Queen's Road East,

Old Bailey,

sy yds.

212

148

40

sq. yds.,

400

Praya East (the whole charged to lot-owners. as footways

are under balconies), ..

51. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges outside_City, ¡ Improvements to Roads and Bridges outside City. Approxi

mate Mileage 38.—The introductory remarks to the preceding para- graph apply in this case also.

The roads were generally maintained in a satisfactory manner. The remainder of the Wanchai Gap Road, portion of which was concreted in 1913, was surfaced with cement concrete. The path along the cast side of the Peak Club grounds and the path leading to the Roman Catholic Chapel at Sai Wan Ho were laid with cement concrete. Macadam was substituted for decomposed granite on portions of several roads.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 34

In continuation of the policy adopted in the case of many of the outlying roads, the surfaces of the following roads were tarred and sanded:

Gough Hill Road,

Shaukiwan Road,

Harlech Road,

Findlay Road,

Hatton Road,

Plantation Road,

Victoria Gap Road,

Pokfulam Road,

Tar Toppings were laid on the following roads: --

Aberdeen Village,

Pokfulam Road,

sq. yds.

419

1,316

1,878

1,962

3.025

5,860

6,183

7,516

vds., 28,159

sq. yds.

773 1,265

sq. yds., 1,838

The surfaces of portions of the following roads were laid with asphaltum and sand carpeting :--

Wongneichong Gap Road,

Chamberlain Road,.........

sy. yds,

390

790

sq. yds., 1,180

52. Maintenance of Telephones, including all Cables.-The lines and instruments were maintained in good order. Certain lines between North Point and Quarry Point, which had hitherto been carried ou poles belonging to the Military Authorities, were transferred to new poles erected by this Department. In making this change, the new poles were kept further inland so that the lines should be less exposed to damage from salt water. Direct communication from the Colonial Secretary's Office to Mountain Lodge was provided and paid for out of this vote.

Eight new lines, the cost of which was defrayed from other votes, were installed and several minor extensions made.

The cable to Gap Rock broke during the gales early in Novem- ber. The fracture was found to have occurred near Gap Rock and an attempt was made to repair it, but, owing to the unfavourable weather which prevailed, it was not found possible to execute the necessary repairs up to the end of the year.

Consequent upon the establishment of an exchange in the Post Office building in connection with the Wireless Station at Cape

35

P.W.R. Hongkong.

D'Aguilar, the Harbour Office Exchange, with all telegraph appara- tus, was transferred to the Post Office. A new telephone line was constructed from the Post Office building to Cape D'Aguilar Wire- less Station, viâ North Point and Sywan Gap, and a telegraph line was also constructed between the same points, ria Wongneichong Gap, Tytam Reservoir, and Tytam Gap. Separate routes have been adopted with the object of minimizing the risk of interruption of communication by typhoons or otherwise. In connection with `these lines, new overhead lines had to be constructed from No. 1 Police Station to Wongneichong Gap and from Sai Wan Gap to Cape D'Aguilar, whilst a length of 500 yards of 10-pair cable was laid underground in the vicinity of the Wireless Station Power House. The Royal Observatory in Kowloon was also placed in direct telephonic communication with the Wireless Station, spare cores in the submarine cable from Hunghom to North Point being utilized for this purpose. The whole of these works were charged to the Vote for the construction of the Wireless Station (paragraph 96).

In addition to the construction of new telephone lines and the maintenance of existing lines, a large amount of work was done in the way of installing electric light and bell services in various Government buildings and maintaining such services in others.

The following buildings were wired for the installation of electric lighting:-

Wireless Telegraph Station, Cape L'Aguilar. Shaukiwan Police Station.

Tsat Tsz Mui Police Station.

Shaukiwan Market.

Sai Wan Ho Market.

Saiyingpun Market.

Wanchai Market.

Ellis Kadoorie School.

Buildings in the Repairing and Coaling Yard for Government

Launches.

Yaumati Market (old).

Married Quarters, Gun Club Hill Barracks, in connection with the housing of the wives and families of German prisoners.

Hill District School.

Victoria Gaol Extension, New Block

Married Quarters for Police, Caine Road.

The three last-mentioned buildings were also wired for bells.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

36

.The following is a statement of the number of lamps, &c., installed or repaired during the year :-

Lamps installed,

Radiators installed,

Bells installed,

Bell indicators installed,

Telephones installed,

Fans installed,

Lamps issued to Departments,

842

3

30

13

21

79

108

The lifts at the Law Courts and General Post Office were main-. tained in good order.

All the foregoing works were carried out departmentally.

53. Maintenance of Sewers. Nullahs, &c.-The sewers, storm- water drains and trained nullahs generally were cleansed and maintained in good condition, those in the City of Victoria and in Shaukiwan District being attended to by the Sanitary Department. The automatic flushing tanks were worked continuously and the manual flushing tanks were operated periodically at low tides. Deposits of sand were cleared as they occurred.

Extensive repairs were made to the inverts of the Albany Nullah and of its branches north and south of May Road, to the nullah east of Victoria Battery and to the nullah east of the old No. 3 Pumping Station, Bonham Road. In the case of the last-mentioned nullah, as the damages were due to building operations, the cost of the repairs was charged to the building contractors concerned. About 1,857 feet of old disused drains of varying sizes and types were destroyed and filled in.

The details of expenditure under this heading are as follows:-

Labour for cleaning operations,

Repairs,

Tools for cleansing operations,

$9,748.03

3,770.88

693.33

1,159.73

General Incidental Expenditure,

Total,

as against $15,901.37 in the previous year.

$15,371 97

54. Gas Lighting, City and Suburbs and Hill District.—The total number of lamps in use at the end of the year in the City and its precincts was 1,118, an increase of 32 over the previous year and in the Hill District 127, an increase of 2. The positions of the various additional lamps will be found in paragraph 113 of this Report.

55. Electric Lighting, City und Hill District and Shaukiwan.- The number of arc lamps in the principal roads of the City remains unaltered, namely, 75. The number of incandescent lamps has been increased to 41 by installing 20 50-candle power new lamps in Shaukiwan Village. Electric current was not available in the Shaukiwan District until 1915, when the Hongkong Electric Co. extended their service of cables to that district.

37

P

P.W.R. Hougkong.

56. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers.-The following is

a statement of the principal items of expenditure under this vote:---

Blake Pier :-

:-

Cleaning and painting,

$1.900.00

Encasing outer row of piles in

concrete cylinders,

1,142.37

General repairs,

453.54

$3,195.91

Kennedy Town Pier-General repairs,

564.51

271.33

126.07

281.40

Statue Square Pier-General repairs,

Murray Pier-General repairs,

Ah Kung Ngam Village Seawall-General repairs,..

57. Maintenance of Public Cemetery.—A new terrace was constructed with the necessary retaining wall, path and steps, including cement concrete channelling and turfing to slopes. The potting shed and some of the monuments were repaired.

58. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries.—The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 42 of this Report.

59. Maintenance of Public Recreation Grounds.-The various grounds were maintained in good order. The use of departmental labour for the purpose of mowing the grass, cleansing ditches, &c., was continued. The following is a statement of the principal items of expenditure:--

Wong-nei-chong:-

Laying tar macadam to paths,

Labour in trimming,

Repairing fencing.

New turf,

$1,362.94

1.000.56

258.20

215.06

$2.836.76

410.88

113.91

West End Park - Enlarging and clearing channels, Queen's New turf and moving fencing,

60. Dredging Foreshores.-The grab dredger was employed at the following places and removed the quantities of material stated during the year :----

Inside Royal Naval Coaling Camber, Kowloon, .. Drain outfalls,

Opposite M.L. 231 (China Sugar Refining Co.'s

premises),

Opposite M.L. 301,

Causeway Bay,

Cubic Yards.

7,180

4,329

408

2,661

29.179

Total.

43,757

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 38

To enable the dredger to be utilized for the removal of foul letritus from the south-west corner of Causeway Bay, a number of large rocks were removed by blasting at a cost of $180.40,

The vessel was slipped and painted and, on the recommendation of the Government Marine Surveyor, was fitted with a new propeller shaft, the total cost being $316,00.

The vessel was hired to the following parties for the periods stated, the amounts derived in respect of such hiring being also stated:-

The Naval Authorities. for dredging in the Naval

Camber at Kowloon-47 days,

$1,410,00

Mr. Chau Pek-chun, for dredging approach to pier

opposite M.L. 301-16 days,

The China Sugar Refining Co., for deepening an area opposite their works at East Point-4 days,

480.00

120.00

(4

St.

A description of the dredging performed by the dredger Enoch" off Kowloon Point will be found in paragraph 171 of this Report.

61. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages. ---The heavy rains of July and October caused numerous small landslides, whilst road-surfaces not treated with tar were badly scoured. The only case of any considerable moment was a landslide which blocked Victoria Road to traffic for a few days; otherwise, the damages were comparatively slight. The typhoon signals were displayed on several occasions but no storm of any violence visited Hongkong during the year.

62. Stores Depreciation.-The adjustment of store values and of discrepancies found during stock-takings and the re-conditioning of old stores have been met from this head. A sum of $1,877.03. being rebate on freight charges in connection with stores purchased in England through the Crown Agents, was credited to this item, as was also a sum of $3,818.11 on account of the return of stores which had been issued prior to 1915, the result Being that, instead of showing any expenditure, the vote shows a considerable credit balance.

An expenditure of $400, incurred in paying compensation for damages caused by the Dredger "St. Enoch" to a junk, was charged to a special sub-head under "Stores Depreciation ". The reason for so charging this sum was because the Dredger is borne on the "Stores Suspense Account" under the heading "Plant ".

63. Tpkeep of Plant - The expenditure incurred was entirely in connection with the dredger "St. Enoch ", which underwent an extensive overhaul during the year with a view to the execution of a considerable amount of dredging off Kowloon Point in connection with a new pier which the Wharf and Godown Co. desired to erect. The repairs required were very extensive as most of the dredging

Q 39

P.W.R. Hongkong.

gear was in a very worn-out condition. A statement of the dredging work carried out will be found in paragraph 174 of this Report.

· 64. Maintenance of City and IIill District Water Works.* --The year opened with constant supply in force throughout the City and Hill District and this was maintained until the autumn, when, unfortunately, owing to the deficient rainfall during the wet season, it was found necessary to have recourse to restrictive measures. The position of affairs was so serious in September, all the reservoirs being then below overflow level, that it was found necessary to resort to street fountains for supplying the Rider Main Districts, the supply available being inadequate to warrant the application of the rider main system. Supply by street fountains was accord- ingly introduced on the 24th September and it remained in force up to the close of the year. Anxiety with regard to the possibi- lity of maintaining this system of supply throughout the dry season was fortunately removed by the exceptional rainfall which occurred in October, when 1171 inches of rain fell, as com- pared with an average of 491 inches. As has been previously explained, under the street Fountain system, a constaut supply is available, the people being able to obtain water from the fountains at any time during the 24 hours instead of, as happens under the rider main system, receiving in their houses a supply,--in many cases inadequate,--during only two or three hours daily.

A valuable addition to the available supply was afforded by the low-level reservoir in course of construction which was sufficiently advanced to admit of the impound of 51 million gallons of water towards the close of the year.

The quantity of water stored in the impounding reservoirs on the 1st January amounted to 66088 million gallons and it reached a minimum on the 12th May when it amounted to 208:27 million gallons.

The reservoirs were at or over their permanent overflow levels for the following periods :---

Reservoir.

Capacity to

permanent

overflow level.

(Million gallons.);

Period.

Various periods. amounting to 105 days, between 5th July and 31st Dec.

Tytam,

384 80

Tytam Byewash,

22:36

1st to 23rd Jan. (23 days).

Nil.

Tytam Intermediate, i

195.91

Wongneichong,

Pokfulam,

30:34

66*00

15th to 20th June and 3rd to

7th July 11 days in all. Various periods, amounting to 66 days, between 13th June and 10th Nov.

* In last year's Report, it was erroneously stated that constant supply by house sera vices was resumed in all districts on the 1st July. The date should have been sith July,

P.W.R. Hongkong.

40

The total quantity of water remaining in the reservoirs at the end of the year, inclusive of 39 million gallons in the low-level reservoir in course of construction, amounted to 629-70 million gallons.

*

The pumps at Tytam Tuk were in operation from 1st January until 31st March and from 22nd October until the end of the year (a total of 161 days). The quantity of water pumped by this plant amounted to 242:33 million gallons.

In addition to the permanent pumps already mentioned, the temporary pump, to which reference has been made in previous annual reports, was in use, with short intermissions, from 1st January until 9th April, the combined periods of pumping amount- ing to 97 days. The quantity of water pumped by it amounted to 46.93 million gallons. As the low-level dam in course of construc- tion had reached the impounding stage, thus enabling the permanent pumps at Tytam Tuk, which are much more economical in their working, to deal with the water hitherto raised by the temporary pump, the latter was dismantled and returned to Store in November.

The gross quantity of water pumped during the year by both the permanent and temporary pumps amounted to 289:26 million gallons.

The following is a comparative statement of the cost of pumping during the years 1914 and 1915 :---

Tytam Tuk Pumping Station-Permanent Pumps.

1914.

1915.

$

Coal,

5,454.35*, 6,665.00†

Wages,

4,066.70 4,138.20

Miscellaneous, including repairs and stores

other than coal,

2,039.19 4,785.36

Total,......

...$ 11,560.24 14,974.81

* Exclusive of $6,900 expended in laying in a stock of coal to cover possible

emergencies arising out of the war.

This is the value of the coal consumed during the year. A stock of coal, valued

at $6,286.25, was carried forward to 1916.

41

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Tytum Stream-Temporary Pump.

1914.

1915.

$

$

Coal,

5,880.70 3,772.00

Wages,

1.570.04

682.02

Miscellaneous, including repairs and stores

other than coal,

230.73

647.63

Total, ..

7,681.47 5,101.65

A comparative statement of the local rainfall for the year at various points is given in the following table :-

Month.

January,

*345

*38 *54

*33 *37

*63

*500

February,

*505 *50 •51

*34

*36

*33

*900

March,

2·640 2.65

3.73

2.60

2.61

2.55

3.240

April,

1.795 2.23

2.71

2:07

2.75 2.61

2.840

May,..

12.760 11-29

June,

11.960

July,

8.99 15 410 13.84

12:17 | 1142 11:41 11:24 12.61| 10-69 7:46 12:30 16:13 16:39 13-21 14:06

18.670

9.920

24.800

August,

10 520 10:46

9.35

8.55

8.81

871

10 450

September,

5.715

4.13 6.28

7·92

5.65 8.77

2.770

October,

11.710 9-20 12.97

8:49

8:21 10:22

6:030

November,

1.890 2.62 2.51

1.84

2.14 197

3.820

December,

*775 •94 *98 *73 *79 *95

1.310

Total 1915,

76025 67 23 80-49 71:37 63.77 74:34 85.250

"3

1914, ... 100 215 102-99 108-06 103:49 100 39 (110 13 118·100

Decrease,.. 24.190 35-76 27:57 32·12 36.62 35.79 32:850

P.W.R. Hongkong.

42

It will be observed that the rainfall during 1915 was far below that of the previous year.

The total quantity of water supplied during the year amounted to 1,815-07 million gallons filtered and 4277 million gallous unfiltered, making a grand total of 1,857 84 million gallons or 96:63 million gallons more than in 1914.

The average consumption of filtered water per head per day for all purposes throughout the whole year amounted to 190 gallons whilst, during the period of constant supply in all districts, it was 205 gallous and, during the time when the supply within the Rider Main Districts was derived from public street fountains, it amounted to 156 gallons. In arriving at these figures, the population has, in each case, been estimated at 261,619.

Full details of consumption, contents of reservoirs, &c., will be found in Annexes C and D.

The analyses made by the Government Analyst show that the water was of good quality throughout the year and the results obtained by the Bacteriological examinations were also satisfactory.

The quantity of water pumped to the High Level District during the year amounted to 9785 million gallons, equal to an average daily consumption of about 266,000 gallons, whilst 36.93 million gallons were pumped to the Hill District, giving an average daily consumption of about 101,000 gallons. As compared with 1914, there was an increase of 2:36 million gallons pumped to the High Level District and a decrease of 3.31 million gallons pumped to the Hill District.

The grand total pumped during the year amounted to 13478 million gallons as compared with 135 73 million gallons pumped during 1914,

Tabulated statements containing particulars of the quantities pumped to the High Levels and to the Hill District respectively will be found in Annexe E.

All engines, motors and station buildings were kept in a good state of repair throughout the year.

During the year, a start was made with a systematic overhaul of the valves on the principal mains, over one hundred of these being put in good order. The conversion of the fire hydrants throughout the City from ball hydrants to spring hydrants was also undertaken, the former having proved to be unsatisfactory. In all, 45 hydrants were converted during the year.

The number of meters in use at the end of the year amounted to 1,582 in the City and 184 in the Hill District or a total of 1,766

Q 43

P.W.R. Hongkong.

as compared with 1,487 and 178 in 1914 or a total of 1,665. These figures do not include 12 meters in use at Pokfulam.

The quantity of water supplied by moter was as follows:-

Filtered:-Trade.........

Unfiltered,

Domestic (City),

(Hill District),

Total,..

25477 million gals.

158.14

36.93

"

42.77

,

492.61

"

""

The figures show an increase of 21:26 million gallons in the quantity of water supplied by meter as compared with 1914.

New services were constructed or old ones altered, improved, repaired or connected to the mains, to the number of 1,107 and 41 supplies were laid on for building purposes.

The number of inspections of private services was 4,443. All defects were made good after the usual notices (816 in all) had been served. The number of inspections has been largely increased owing to the appointment of two house-service inspectors.

65. Maintenance of Water Works, Shaukiwan.-A satisfactory supply of water was maintained throughout the year, the total consumption being 42:56 million gallons (including 5.25 million gallons supplied to the barracks at Saiwan Battery) or about 117,000 gallons per day. The supply to Shaukiwan has been substantially increased by the new works which were brought into operation at the end of May, 1914.

Details of the consumption are given in Annexe F.

There were 5 meters in use at the close of the year.

66. Maintenance of Water Works, Aberdeen.-A satisfactory supply was maintained at Aberdeen throughout the year, the total consumption being 24-37 million gallons (including 582 millio n gallons supplied to water-boats) or about 67,000 gallons per day.

Details of the consumption are given in Annexe G.

There were 5 meters in use at the close of the year.

The roof of the Service Reservoir was thoroughly repaired.

67. Water Account.--The number of meters examined and repaired during the year amounted to 824.

The following is a statement of the expenditure under the

vote:

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 4+

New meters fixed (difference in value between issues

and receipts),

Repairs to meters,

Meter boxes,

Miscellaneous,

Total,...

$5,665.97 3.928.83 210.43

2,118.28

$11,923.51

P.W.R. KOWLOON.

Water Police Station :-

General

68. Maintenance of Buildings.The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following:-

repairs and painting

throughout,

$4,334.48

A.S.P.'s Quarters-Repairing roof to bathroom and minor repairs,.........

237.76

Various minor repairs,

142.13

$4,714.37

Kowloon British School:-

General repairs and painting

throughout,

Various minor repairs,

Disinfecting Station:---

General repairs and painting

1,102.29

238.08

1,340.37

throughout,

Various minor repairs,

Hunghom Market-General repairs and

painting throughout,

1,189.24

10.98

1,230.22

1,059.70

Yaumati Market-General repairs and

·

779.71

painting throughout,

Royal Observatory:----

Relaying approach path in fine

cement concrete,

Minor repairs,

Ma Tau Kok Cattle Depôt :-

-

164.91

71.44

536.35

General repairs and limewhiting

and tarring internally,

Minor repairs,

Post Office, Salisbury Road :----

General repairs and painting

throughout,

407.98

97.83

505.81

341.37

Q 45

Public Mortuary-General repairs and

painting throughout, ...

Signal Hill Signal Station :—

General repairs and painting

throughout,

Renewing platform to light with

reinforced concrete,

Subordinate Officers' Quarters, King's Park, Various minor repairs,

Houses in Chatham Road resumed for future extension of road but at present occupied-Various minor repairs, ...

Time Ball Tower:-

P.W.R. Kowloon.

$316.60

$268.45

37.51

305.96

191.86

168.83

General repairs and painting

throughout,

106.44

Repairing time ball,

50.00

156.44

Tsim Sha Tsui Market :~

General repairs and limewhiting

and tarring internally,

99.76

Minor repairs,

51.60

151.36

69. Improvements to Buildings. As already mentioned in paragraph 48, this is a new vote to cover the cost of effecting im- provements in buildings. The following is a statement of the principal works executed under this heading:-

Water Police Station:

Alterations to drain,

electric lighting,

Constructing W. C. and partition,

A. S. P.'s Quarters-Alterations to

$350.00

247.19

205.69

$802.88

70. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges.

Improvements to Roads and Bridges. } Approximate Mileage 28. The introductory remarks appearing in paragraph 50 of this Report apply here also. The roads generally were maintained in a satisfactory manner.

The eastern side of the Hunghom-Kowloon City Road was kerbed and channelled for the full length of K.M.L. 40, a distance of 930 feet. the roadway being brought up to new levels and the footway surfaced with decomposed granite. The northern side of Mody Road, between Nathan Road and Cornwall Avenue, was kerbed and channelled and the footway surfaced with decomposed granite.

Experimental pieces of asphaltum sand carpet, 1" thick upon +" of ordinary macadam, were laid in Shanghai Street, between Jordan Road and Nanking Street, and in Canton Road near Navy Street. In both cases the surfacing is wearing well.

P. W.R. Kowloon.

Q 46

In Nathan Road, between Haiphong and Austin Roads, ordinary macadam was extended the full width of the road, the whole being subsequently tarred and sanded.

The west side of Kimberley Road, between Austin Avenue and Austin Road, was kerbed and channelled, the footway being surfaced with decomposed granite, whilst the entire length of the roadway was tarred and sanded.

In connection with the foregoing improvements, 7 new gullies (5 single and 2 double) were constructed and connected with the storm-water drains.

The surfaces of the following roads, in addition to those men- tioned in last year's Report, were tarred and sanded :-

Nathan Road (portion),

Kimberley Road (remainder of width), 7,077

Cameron Road,

Hankow Road,...

Haiphong Road,

6,685 square yards.

17

"

1,666

""

3,866

21

"

3,566

""

A

22,860

21

71. Maintenance of Telephones.--The lines and instruments were kept in good order.

The overhead lines in the main thoroughfares have been renewed with phosphor-bronze wire.

The cable house at Hunghom has been fitted with special devices for the protection of the cables from damage by lightning.

New lines were run to the Repairing and Coaling Yard for Government launches at Yaumati and to the Railway Officials' Quarters at Hunghom, the cost of these lines being defrayed from the votes for the services mentioned.

72. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.-The sewers, storm- water drains and trained nullahs were cleansed and maintained in good condition, certain of the open channels and nullahs being attended to by the Sanitary Department. Sand deposits were removed from several of the nullahs. The repairs to the Soy Street Nullah mentioned in last year's Report were completed.

As a part of the stone-paved catchwater on the top of the cliff to the north of Hunghom I.L.'s 220 and 222 was carried away by a portion of the cliff falling, the line of the catchwater was slightly diverted, the broken ends being connected together.

About 1,975 feet of old disused drains of varying sizes and types were destroyed and filled in.

1

Q 47

P.W.R. Kowloon.

The details of the expenditure under this head are as follows:---

Labour for cleansing operations.

Repairs,

Tools for cleansing operations, General incidental expenditure, ...

as against $6,689.36 in the previous year.

$3,973.10

1,090.08

174.30

175.22

$5,412.80

73. Gas Lighting.--The total number of lamps in use at the end of the year was 293, an increase of 36 as compared with the previous year. To more effectively light Nathan and Salisbury Roads, "Suggs" pattern high-candle-power lamps were erected centrally, the old lamps being removed to other roads where ad- ditional lighting was required. Particulars of the positions of additional lamps and a note of lamps removed will be found in paragraph 146 of this Report.

74. Electric Lighting. The number of electric lamps in use at the end of the year, all of which are incandescent, was 68, an increase of 25 as compared with the previous year. This is due to the extension of street lighting to the Fuk Tsun Heung and Sham- shuipo Districts. Particulars of the positions of the additional lamps will be found in paragraph 146 of this Report.

75. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers. --The following is a statement of the principal items of expenditure under this vote :-

Tsim Sha Tsui Pier:-

Repairing partitions enclosing Revenue

Officer's shed, rearranging seats, &c..

Renewing cast iron treads to stairs,

Laying gas service for lighting pier,

Minor repairs,

Temporary Bamboo Coaling Pier

General repairs, ........

Tsim Sha Tsui Seawall-General repairs,

$520.91

155,53

100.00

24.38

$800.82

250.68

192.34

The old Police Pier, which was in a very dilapidated condition, was removed. It has been superseded, as a public landing place. by the old Star Ferry Pier, which was acquired by Government under the arrangements entered into with the Wharf and Godown Co. in 1912, when the site of the new Terminal Station for the Railway was decided upon.

76. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries. The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 42 of this Report.

77. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.--The only items entail- ing any considerable expenditure were the clearing of sand from the Waterloo Road Nullah and the repairing of some damages caused to the road leading to the Slaughter Houses at Ma Tau Kok,

P.W.R Kowloou.

48

78. Maintenance of Water Works.-A constant supply of water was maintained throughout the year, the quantity supplied amount- ing to 400 19 million gallons, which gives an average daily con- sumption of 1.10 million gallons, or, taking an estimated population of 96,500, say, 11-3 gallons per head per day. Details are given in Annexe H.

The quantity of water stored in the impounding reservoir on 1st January amounted to 350 76 million gallons and it reached a minimum on the 12th May when it amounted to 266'04 million gallons. The reservoir was at or over its permanent overflow level during the following periods:-

4th July to 8th August.

28th August to 11th September.

19th October to 28th October.

The total quantity of water remaining in the reservoir at the end of the year amounted to 304 80 million gallons.

The analyses made by the Government Analyst and the ex- aminations made by the Bacteriologist were satisfactory.

The various buildings were kept in a good state of repair throughout the year.

There were 502 meters in use at the end of the year, an increase of 40 over 1914.

House services were constructed, altered or repaired in 96 instances and 10 supplies were laid on for building purposes.

79. Water Account.-The number of meters examined and repaired during the year amounted to 279.

The following is a statement of the expenditure under the vote :-

New meters (difference between issues and

receipts),...

Repairs to meters,

Meter Boxes,

Miscellaneous,

Total,

$2,828.76

1,091.11

381.54

62.11

$4,363.52

P.W.R. NEW TERRITORIES.

80. Maintenance of Buildings,-Islands in Southern District.- The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following:-

Lantao Island :-Tung Chung Police Station-

Reconstructing roof and forming channels for

surface water,

$1,024.90

49

P.W.R. New Territories.

Lantao Island :-Tai O Police Station-

Various minor repairs,

187.90

81. Improvements to Buildings.-Islands in Southern District.-- No expenditure was incurred under this heading.

82. Maintenance of Buildings,-Mainland and Islands in Northern District. In the case of the buildings on the Mainland, the following are those which entailed considerable expenditure:-

Tai Po Island Quarters :-

General repairs & painting throughout,.. $1,660.69 Minor repairs,

:-

77.32

$1,738.01

Tai Po Police Station :-

General repairs and painting throughout, ...

$1,703.93

Sheung Shui Police Station:-

General repairs and painting throughout, $1,569.50 Minor repairs,

42.66

1,612.16

Shatin Police Station :-

General repairs and painting throughout,

390.85

Repairing roofs, ..

66.92

157.77

Ping Shan Police Station :--

Repairs to verandah,

Various minor repairs.

206.67

169.34

376.01

83. Improvements to Buildings,-Mainland and Islands in Northern District.-This is a new vote to cover the cost of effecting improvements in buildings, which are not in the nature of ordinary repairs. The following is a statement of the works executed under this heading--

Tai Po Clerks' Quarters :-

Extending channelling,

Erecting sunshades,

Ping Shan Police Station -

70.18 39.54

109.72

Constructing fireplace,

84. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,-Mainland.

Improvements to Roads and Bridges,-Mainland.

108.58

(Appro

ximate Mileage 50).—The remarks made in paragraph 50 apply in this case also.

The roads generally were maintained in a satisfactory manner.

P.W.R. New Territories.

50

The substitution of macadam for decomposed granite on the Tai Po Road, mentioned in last year's Report, was extended south- wards for a further distance of 760 feet along with the necessary cement concrete channelling. Some bends in this portion of the road were also improved. Improvements, consisting of the laying of cement concrete channelling and easing of some of the bends, were also carried out on that portion of the Tai Po Road extending between the 3rd and 5th milestones.

The new road from Tai Po to Fanling, approximately 4 miles in length, was taken over for purposes of maintenance.

85. Maintenance of Telephones,-Mainland.-The lines and in- struments were maintained in good order. All telephones and electrical signalling apparatus on the British section of the Kowloon- Canton Railway were also maintained in good condition. The telephone alarm systems at Au Tau and Ping Shan were kept in working order.

In view of the rapid deterioration of the iron wire, hitherto used for the lines extending through Nos. 3, 4 and 5 tunnels on the railway, wires of Phosphor Bronze were substituted.

A telephone line was constructed to the new Police Station at Lok Ma Chau.

The wiring of the Tai Po Island Quarters for bells was renewed, the cost of the work being defrayed from the "Maintenance of

Buildings" vote.

86. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,-Mainland.-The sewers and trained nullahs at Shamshuipo and the concrete channels in Kowloon City were cleansed and maintained in good order.

The details of expenditure under this heading are as follows:--

Labour for cleansing operations,

Repairs,

Tools for cleansing operations,

General incidental expenditure,

Total,

as against $316.82 in the previous year.

$367.56 33.29

$400.85

87. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries.—The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 42 of this Report.

88. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,--Islands in Southern District.--There is nothing special to report under this heading.

Q 51

P.W.R. New Territories.

89. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,-Mainland and Islands in Northern District.-The matsheds occupied by the Police at Sha- tin were damaged by stormy weather, necessitating considerable repairs.

The heavy rains of October, when 9:42 inches fell in 3 days. did considerable damage to the Shatin Gap, Ngau Chi Wan and Tai Po Roads and also to the branch road leading to Lok Ma Chau Police Station. The pitching protecting the banks at the Tai Wo Shi bridge was damaged during some heavy rains and had to be repaired and strengthened.

A portion of the walling surrounding the Segregation Camp at Lai Chi Kok collapsed and was rebuilt.

The channel for conveying water to the filter beds at Lai Chi Kok was partially undermined and had to be made good.

90. Maintenance of Water Works, Lai Chi Kok,-Water Boat Supply. The total qnantity of water supplied during the year amounted to 81.51 million gallons or about 223,000 gallons per day. Details are given in Annexe J.

There were 12 meters in use.

91. Water Account.-Meters were examined and repaired dur- ing the year in 24 instances, the repairs in several cases being of a very special nature and entailing considerable expenditure.

The expenditure under the vote was as follows :-

Repairs to meters,

Meter Boxes,.

Miscellaneous,

Total,

$449.53

2.70

8.33

$460.56

PUBLIC WORKS EXTRAORDINARY.

P.W.E. HONGKONG.

92. New Magistracy.—The Courts were occupied on the 26th April, the remainder of; the building having been brought into use at an earlier date. All liabilities were discharged before the close of the year.

A full description of the building was given in last year's Report.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Sup. Vote,

.$12,000.00 Total Estimates, $111,000.00

7,750.00

$19,750.00

Expenditure to

1915 Expenditure,... 19,690.61

31/12/15,... 115,762.63

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 52

93. Old Western Market.-Provision was made in the Es- timates for the construction of a large tank to be utilized for the storage of water for flushing purposes, but it was decided to post- pone the execution of this work.

1915 Estimates. . $13,300.00 Total Estimates, $240,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/15,

1915 Expenditure,

Nil.

202,339.84

94. Public Works Department,-New_Stores.-This work, which was commenced in December, 1912, was completed in July. A description of the whole of the work executed, with the exception of the two-storied building for the storage of small stores, has been given in the Reports for 1913 and 1914. The building mentioned measures 110′ 0′′ × 35′ 0". With the exception of small areas on both floors, which are partitioned off for use as offices and as an oil-store, each floor is utilized as a large general store. A trap-door and hoisting-gear are provided for raising some of the heavier goods to the upper floor, access to which is obtained by a substantial timber stairway. The walls are of Canton red bricks with granite plinths and window sills. The ground floor is laid with cement concrete, 4" thick, the top floor being of wood supported on iron beams and timber joists. The roof is covered with double pan and roll tiling.

For the storage of small materials, trays, measuring from 9" to 6" wide, 22" long, and from 63" to 43" in depth, are provided; from 12 to 24 trays being placed in each unit or box. The units or boxes, which are 391" wide, from 28′′ to 23′′ long and from 38′′ to 26" in depth, are arranged in rows, three high, on each side of the gangways. 190 units and 1,850 trays were supplied.

All liabilities were discharged before the close of the year.

|

1915 Estimates, ..$18,000.00 Total Estimates, ...$63,500.00

Expenditure to 31/12/15,..

1915 Expenditure, 17,984.37

65,568,39

95. Quarters for Subordinate Officers,-Mount Parish.-These quarters were completed last year and were described in last year's Report. In addition to the payment of a sum of $1,000, retained under the Contract, some expenditure was incurred in constructing a nullah, about 313 feet long, in the valley to the eastward in order to prevent the erosion of the spoil-bank formed in levelling the site for the quarters.

1915 Estimates,

$5,000.00 Total Estimates, ...$162,500.00

Expenditure to

1915 Expenditure, 2,586.78

31/12/15, .. 171,680.05

The cost of the quarters at Breezy Point and Mount Parish has

been as follows :-

Breezy Point (18 flats),

Q 53

Total cost.

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Cost per

house.

$128,466.81

$ 7,137

43,213.24

10,803

Mount Parish (4 two-storied houses),

With regard to the Mount Parish quarters, the site was a con- siderably more expensive one than that of the quarters at Breezy Point.

96. Wireless Telegraphy_Station,—Cape D'Aguilar.--As men- tioned in last year's Report, a Contract for the erection of the buildings was let on the 2nd December, 1914, and, on the last day of the year, the Marconi Company's representative arrived in the Colony to supervise the erection of the plant. By the 15th July, the buildings and masts had been erected and the whole of the apparatus had been installed and tested, the station being opened for the trans- mission of messages on the date mentioned. The quarters for the staff were not completed until August, the staff being temporarily accommodated in the quarters attached to the Cape D'Aguilar Signalling Station which is near at hand.

The Station comprises two separate buildings, one for the apparatus and the other for quarters for the necessary staff. The former is a one-storied building, containing a transmitting room, an engine room, an accumulator room, a land-line room, an operating room, and a store, each approximately 15' 0" x 12' 0", besides a small dressing-room and a lavatory, each 6' 3" x 6' ()". It is surrounded by a verandah, 7' 0" wide. The latter is a partially two-storied building, containing, on the ground floor, a dormitory. (30′ 0′′ × 19′ 7′′), and a mess-room, (18′ 0′′ × 15′ 0′′), besides bathroom and lavatory accommodation for the subordinate staff and. on the upper floor, two rooms, (15′ 3′′ × 15′ 0′′ and 15′ 0′′ × 14′ 0′′ respectively), and a bathroom for the senior staff. A small general store, (10' 3" x 6' 6"), is provided on the ground floor, whilst a small one-storied wing contains a kitchen and two servants' rooms, all of which are 10′ 0′′ × 10′ 0′′. A verandah, 9 feet wide, extends round three sides of the building on the ground floor and round two sides of the quarters on the upper floor. A reinforced concrete stair communicates with the upper floor.

The walls are of red brick built and pointed externally in cement mortar and the roofs are covered with double pan and roll tiling, except in the case of the verandahs where they are flat roofs of reinforced concrete.

In the case of the building containing the apparatus, all the floors, except those of the Land-line and Operating rooms, are laid with lime and cement concrete, 4" thick, finished with a layer of salt- glazed tiles (Green Island manufacture). The floors of the Land- line and Operating rooms are of hardwood laid on battens set in lime and cement concrete, 4" thick. The floor of the verandah is also of lime and cement concrete, finished with cement tiles. The walls of the Accumulator room, Engine room, Transmitting room,

P.W.E. Hongkong.

1.4

Dressing room and Lavatory are lined with white glazed tiles to a height of 5 feet. Above this height, the walls of the Accumulator room are plastered with cement mortar, whilst the remainder are merely whitewashed. The walls of the Land-line and Operating rooms are plastered with lime mortar throughout.

In the case of the quarters, the floors are of hardwood, those on the ground floor being laid on lime and cement concrete, 4" thick, and those on the upper floor being supported on 9′′ × 2" hardwood joists. The floors of the servants' quarters, &c., are laid with salt- glazed tiles on a bed of lime and cement concrete, 4" thick. All the walls of the living rooms are plastered with lime mortar, whilst those of the bath-rooms, store-room, &c., are plastered with cement mortar to a height of 5 feet. Ceilings of " China fir boarding are provided over all the living rooms both on the ground and upper floors.

The quarters are dependent for their water supply upon a well which has hitherto afforded a supply to the old lighthouse quarters. To obviate contamination of the water, sundry improvements to the well and its surroundings were carried out at a cost of $118.81.

The Station is a low-power one (5 kilo-watts), the apparatus being supplied and erected by the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Co. When in communication with a station of equal power, it has a range, by day, as under :--

Over open water,

Over flat land, ...

Over hilly land rising to 500 feet,

Over mountainous country rising to

3,000 feet,

350 nautical miles.

340

-,

280

21

200

13

The aerial is supported on two steel masts, 203 feet high and 400 feet apart. The masts are tubular in section, built up of semi- circular plates, their internal diameter being 2 feet. They are stayed with steel-wire ropes at three points in their height.

Payment of the retention money in connection with the Contract for the supply of the apparatus remained to be made in 1916.

1915 Estimates, $80,000.00 Total Estimates, ......$102,500,00 1915 Expenditure, 55,505.93 | Expenditure to 31/12/15, 93,686.19

97. Married Quarters for Police, Caine Road.-These quarters were completed and several of the flats were occupied during Nov- ember. As explained in last year's Report, the quarters have been erected on the site rendered available by the abolition of old No. 2 Tank and the diversion of Bonham Road. As the site consisted of made ground, the foundations of the buildings had to be extensively piled, the large amount of piling required causing some delay in the execution of the work.

Q 55

P.W.E. Hongkong.

The work comprised the erection of a large 3-storied building, containing nine flats, with servants' quarters in the rear, or to the south of the main building. Five of the flats contain a living room, 19′ 0′′ × 15′ 0′′, two bedrooms, 16' 0"x 15′ 0′′ and 16′ 0′′ × 14′ 6′′ res- pectively, two bathrooms, a pantry and a store; whilst the remaining four flats, in addition to the accommodation already stated, contain a third bedroom varying from 14' 10" x 7' 0" to 11' 6"x6' 4". Each flat is provided with a European kitchen and the necessary servants' quarters conveniently placed. Verandahs, 5′ 0′′ wide, with a com- modious bay opposite each living room, extend along the front of all the flats, and balconies and bridges afford access to the servants' quarters, to which a separate entrance is provided on the ground floor.

The walls are of brickwork throughout, faced externally, up to first floor level, with Formosa bricks, above which they are generally covered with rough-cast. Architectural effect is obtained by the introduction, where the bays project, of pilasters formed of alter- nate bands of red facing bricks and cast concrete blocks and by the use of panels and cornices, etc., which are finished in fine cement. The walls of the main building are plastered internally. The floors throughout are of reinforced concrete, finished with hardwood floor- ing boards, except in the case of the verandahs, where they are laid with 4" x 4" red tiles, and the servants' quarters, where they are laid with granolithic. All stairs are of cement concrete, with cast iron nosings. The roofs, except in the case of the verandahs and servants' quarters, which are of cement concrete finished with Ruberoid", are covered with double pan and roll tiling. Electric light and electric bells have been installed throughout all the quar-

66

ters.

1915 Estimates,...$41,500.00 | Total Estimates,

1915 Sup. Vote,... 9,690.00

$51,190.00

2

$64,000.00

1915 Expenditure, 51,140.80 Expenditure to 31/12/15, 64,540.98

A balance of $9,135.94, due in connection with the construction and equipment of the quarters, remained outstanding at the close of the year.

The cost. per flat, has amounted to $8,186.

98. Gaol Extension-New Block. This work was completed by the end of October, with the exception of the locks to Cell Doors which had not arrived from England up to the close of the year.

The building is a 4-storied one and is situated in the lower yard of the Gaol, near the junction of Chancery Lane with Arbuthnot Road. The ground storey, which is entirely open and on a level with the lower yard, forms a covered yard, whilst the 3 upper stories contain 78 cells,-26 on each floor. The first floor of the building is reached by a small bridge from the upper yard of

P.W.E. Hongkong.

56

the Gaol, with which it is approximately level. A central hall, 9' 0" wide, extends the full length and height of the building, the cells being arranged on either side of it. On the two upper floors, which are reached by straight flights of concrete steps, the cells are entered from small concrete galleries which extend around the central hall. The cells are 8′ 0′′ × 5′ 0′′ and are provided with windows of the improved type described in last year's Report. The doors are fitted with special gaol locks and are provided with the usual inspection holes. Each cell is fitted with an electric bell, indicator boards being provided in the corridors.

As explained in last year's Report, the three upper stories are entirely supported on concrete piers and beams, reinforced with steel rods, the piers numbering 24 and measuring 3′ 0′′ square. The outer walls, above the reinforced concrete piers, are of brick in cement and the partitions between the cells are of 9" brickwork also in cement mortar. All the upper floors are of cement concrete, 31" thick, reinforced with steel rods and finished with granolithic, 1" thick. The roof is covered with double pan and roll tiling, supported on timber purlins and rafters, the central portion being raised and fitted with louvres to provide for ventilation. Sinks are provided at the ends of the corridors, with water laid on.

1915 Estimates,...$27,500.00 | Total Estimates,

.$47,500.00

1915 Expenditure, 28,422.04

Expenditure to

31/12/15,...

37,847.80

4

99. Queen's College Improvements.—It was decided to postpone the execution of this work, the only expenditure incurred being in connection with the supply of certain apparatus which had been ordered prior to the decision just mentioned.

1915 Estimates,... $10,000.00 | Total Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

182.44

$10,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/15,...

555.75

100. Hill District School. The formation of the site, which adjoins Gough Hill Road, was referred to in last year's Report and, as therein mentioned, the Contract for the construction of the school building was let in December, 1914. The building was completed and occupied at the end of September.

The work comprised the erection of a one-storied building containing three class-rooms,-two 18' 0"x 16′0′′ and one 25' 0"X 16' 0", each capable of accommodating 24 scholars; lavatories for boys and girls; a store-room and small quarters for two resident mistresses, (each two rooms and a bathroom), together with the necessary servants' quarters. It was at first proposed to provide two class-rooms only, but it was subsequently decided to convert a portion of the building originally designed as an open-air playshed into a third class-room. In order to utilize the site to the fullest extent posible, the building is approximately semi-hexagonal in

Q ST

P.W.E. Hongkong.

shape, the space between it and Gough Hill Road forming a small enclosed yard. An enclosed verandah or corridor extends the full length of the class-rooms and quarters on the side towards Gough Hill Road.

All walls are of brickwork faced externally with facing bricks for a height varying from 1 foot above floor level up to window-sill level, above which they are finished with rough-cast, with bands, keystones, etc., of Canton tiles introduced. The roof of the main building is pitched and is covered with double pan and roll tiling; the small flat roofs over the servants' quarters, etc., being of cement concrete finished with “Ruberoid". The floors are of cement concrete, covered, in the case of the class-rooms and living-rooms, with hardwood boarding and in the case of the lavatories, bath- rooms, pantry and verandah with 4" x 4" red tiles. The floors of the servants' quarters are finished in granolithic. Tiled dadoes are provided in the bath-rooms. All the windows of the quarters are fitted with jalousies, and electric light and electric bells are installed throughout the building.

All liabilities were discharged before the close of the year. 1915 Estimates,.. .$22,000.00 | Total Estimates, ......$36,000.00 1915 Sup. Vote.

8,800.00

$30,800.00

Expenditure to

31/12/15,

38,474.82

1915 Expenditure,... 29,650,14

101. Public Latrine,-D'Aguilar Street.-Particulars of this structure, which is fitted up as a trough-closet, were given in last year's Report (p. 51). The structure was completed and handed over to the Sanitary Department in March.

All liabilities were discharged before the close of the year. 1915 Estimates, ..$2,000.00 | Total Estimates,.

1915 Expenditure, ... 1,541.09

Expenditure to

31/12/15,

.$7,000.00

6,484.48

102. Government Villas at the Peak--Additions. Government Civil Hospital-New Stores.

Government Schools--Additions to Victoria British School.

Public Bathhouse below Belilios Public School.

Rented Quarters for European Subordinates, Leighton Hill. It was decided to postpone the execution of the whole of these works and no expenditure was incurred on any of them.

103. Quarters for Subordinate Officers, Happy Valley.—A Contract for this work, which includes the erection of a terrace of six houses of somewhat similar design to those already erected on Mount Parish and at King's Park, Kowloon, was let to Messrs. Wing Lee & Co. on November 18th. An immediate start was made and, by the end of the year, the necessary matsheds, offices, etc., had been erected and a considerable amount of the excavation required in order to level the site had been executed. A quantity

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q158

of materials had also been delivered on the site and the preparation of woodwork, granite, etc., had been begun. Certain concrete blocks, which will replace granite dressings in various parts of the building were in course of manufacture at the Government quarry, Tsat Tsz Mui.

1915 Estimates,.....$50,000.00 | Total Estimates. ...$61,000.00*

Expenditure to

31/12/15,

1915 Expenditure,... 6,682.85

6,682.85

104. Extension of Central Police Station.--It was decided to confine operations to the resumption of the property required in connection with this scheme, which embraced the whole of Inland Lot 3. Action was taken accordingly, the whole of the property being acquired by the close of the year. The cost of the resump- tion was as follows:-

Compensation paid to owners, including 10% for

compulsory sale,

Fees of 3 valuers engaged by Government and

retaining fee to Counsel,

$242,787.60

1,575.00

Total,$244,362.60

105. Roads:

(a.) Victoria Gap to High West Gap-Lugard Road Extension.- A sum of $10,000 was provided in the Estimates towards the con- struction of another section of this road in the direction of High West, but it was decided not to proceed with the work and no ex- penditure was incurred.

(b.) Aberdeen to Deep Water Bay. This work was completed by the close of the year, with the exception of some of the surfacing. A general description of the road, with the exception of the bridges and some minor matters, was given in last year's Report.

The principal bridge, which spans the large stream skirting the western boundary of the golf links contains two 20′ 0′′ spans, the abutments and piers being of masonry in cement mortar with dressed granite quoins to the centre pier. The decking, which is 6" thick, is entirely of reinforced concrete, supported on five rein- forced concrete beams. The beams are 12" wide and from 23′′ to 26" deep and are reinforced with three straight rods, 1" diameter, along the bottom and six bent rods, 1" and " diameter, along the top. The decking is reinforced with " rods spaced 31" apart. An

*The sum of $80.000 appearing in the Estimates for 1915 as the estimated cost of quarters for Subordinate Officers included provision for the ercction of a Liquors Ordinance Office, adjoining the Harbour Office, which was to be largely utilized as quarters.

Q59

P.W.E. Hongkong.

invert of rubble stone, set in lime and cement mortar, has been constructed under the bridge and the east abutment has been pro- tected with rubble pitching similarly set.

A second bridge of two 14′ ()" spans was also constructed over a deep gully on the coast-line. Its construction was similar to the one already described, the beams in this case being 10" wide and 18" deep.

It was found necessary to protect the outer edge of the road and this was done partly with stone parapet walls and partly with earth mounds. The parapet walls are built of coursed rubble in lime and cement mortar, 3′ 0′′ high, surmounted with a semi-circular cement concrete coping, the earth mounds, which are of the same height, being formed with a batter of 1 in 3 and turfed. The aggregate length of the former is 1,400 feet and of the latter 600 feet.

3/1

The road is surfaced with asphaltum carpeting, 3′′ thick, laid on macadam, 4" thick.

A small area adjoining the golf links was macadamized to form a stand for motor cars and several passing-places, also for motor cars, were formed on the length of the old and narrow road between the Aberdeen Paper Mills and the commencement of the new road. Some sharp bends in the old road near the Dock Co.'s premises, west of Aberdeen Village, were also eliminated by diverting a short length of roadway.

Certain liabilities in connection with the work were outstanding at the close of the year.

1915 Estimates, $36,000.00 Total Estimates,

$48,000.00

1915 Expenditure, 28,957.13

Expenditure to

31/12/15,

40,812.97

(c.) Deep Water Bay to Stanley and Stanley to Shaukiwan Improvements. -A certain amount of work of this nature was carried out in 1911 under "General Works" (ride items (iii) and (iv), p. 54 of last year's Report). It was decided, that no further work should be executed at present and the sum provided in the Estimates for 1915 ($5,000) was allowed to lapse.

(d) General Works.-The following is a statement of the works executed under this heading, except those of a trifling nature. The sum stated is, in some cases, only a part of the cost, owing to the work extending into more than one year :-

(i.) Tai Wong Street East (formerly Tai Wong Lane)-Forming, surfacing, kerbing and chan- nelling portion widened to 30 feet,

(ii) Amoy and Swatow Streets (extensions to Praya East of cul-de-sacs' formerly known as Amoy and Swatow Lanes)-Forming, surfacing, kerb-

$2.131.82

P.W.E. Hongkong.

60

ing, channelling and paving extensions (30) feet wide)-half cost,

(iii. Wanchai Road and Burrows Street-Taking up and relaying kerbing, channelling and paving,

(iv.) Praya East--Kerbing, channelling and paving opposite new houses on M.L.'s 40, 64 & 64A, Praya East,

(v.) Wongneichong Road-Kerbing, channelling

and paving opposite houses on I.L. 1926,

$2,081.76

868.01

(vi.) Tai Hang Village:—

Raising roadway, kerbing and chan-

nelling opposite houses on I.L. 2085, $384.08 Kerbing and channelling opposite

670.97

1

552:93

houses on I.L.'s 2050 & 2051;

231.02

615.10

(vii.) Star Street-Kerbing, channelling, etc., in

front of new houses on I.L. 1715,

239.91

(viii.) On Lan Street-Forming, kerbing, channelling

and paving - half cost,

712.07

(ix.) Des Voeux Road West-Kerbing and laying granolithic paving opposite new houses on Ï.L. 37,

180.04

(x.) Approach to Upper Rutter Street-Laying

granite steps and paving-half cost,...

444.66

(xi.) Improving alignment of Bonham Road past 1.L.'s 1096 & 1848-Laying tar macadam,

962.84

(xii.) Pokfulam Road-Kerbing, channel-

ling and paving opposite I.L. 1095,... $450.65

(xiii.) Pokfulam Road-Diversion of road

opposite Blind School,

605.07

1,055.72

(xiv.) Gough Hill Road-Laying tar macadam on

diversion past Peak School,

1,044.39

Item (i). A portion of an old lane, named Tai Wong Lane, which had hitherto had houses fronting on it on one side only, was widen- ed to 30 feet in connection with a proposal to erect houses on the opposite side. The area required for widening the lane was resumed by Government in 1914.

Item (ii). Amoy and Swatow Lanes were formerly 'cul-de-sacs' opening off Queen's Road East, their northern ends being blocked by godowns which occupied the northern portion of M.L. 40. The owner of the godowns having decided to erect houses on his lot, it became necessary for him to lay out streets and these were provided as extensions of Amoy and Swatow Lanes, such extensions communi-

2

Q 61

P.W.E. Hongkong.

*

cating with Praya East and being 30 feet in width. In view of the altered conditions, the lanes were re-named 'streets and, by arrangement with the lessee, the new portions were taken over às public streets.

Item (iii). This work consisted of forming footpaths, channels, etc., in front of new houses erected on M.L. 110.

Item (iv). This work comprised the raising and surfacing of the footway, channels, etc., necessitated by the erection of new houses on M.L.'s 40, 64 and 64A.

Item (v). This work became necessary on account of the erec- tion of buildings on the lot mentioned.

Item (vi). These works were rendered necessary by the erec- tion of buildings on the various lots mentioned. They form a con- tinuation of the work referred to in item (i) page 54 of last year's Report.

Item (vii). With the erection of houses on I.L. 1715, it became necessary to extend the surfacing, channelling, etc., of Star Street in front of the lot.

Item (viii). By arrangement with the lessees of I.L. 618, On Lan Street was taken over as a public street, half the cost of surfacing, kerbing, channelling, &c, being borne by Government and half by the lessees.

Item (ix). Consequent upon the erection of new buildings on the lot mentioned, it became necessary to raise the footpath to conform with the level of Des Voeux Road and otherwise put the road in order. The old buildings which formerly occupied this lot were at a much lower level.

Item (x). By arrangement with the lessee of 1.L. 1221, granite steps were provided in substitution for an unduly steep gradient in the approach to Upper Rutter Street, the lessee defraying half the

cost.

Item (xi). This formed the completion of item (vi) in last year's Report (p. 54).

Item (xii). This work was rendered necessary by the erection of houses on the lot mentioned.

Item (xiii). In consequence of a landslip which carried away a portion of the road, it became necessary to construct a slight diversion.

Item (xiv). This requires no explanation.

P.W.E. Hongkong.

62

106. Paving of Main Roads.--It was decided to curtail the expenditure under this vote to $30,000, but, owing to the non- arrival of a motor-lorry and other plant ordered in connection with the projected work, the expenditure fell far below this amount. The surfacing of a portion of Des Voeux Road, extending from Pedder Street to Lee Yuen Street West, was undertaken with the apparatus available in the Colony and was successfully accom- plished. The material used was Asphaltum concrete, 2" thick, laid on a foundation of cement concrete, 6′′ thick, and, from experience gained elsewhere, it is anticipated that this will form a very durable surface, capable of withstanding heavy traffic. In laying the improved surfacing material, the side channels hitherto exist- ing were abolished, thus adding materially to the width of road- way available for wheeled traffic. The necessary additional sur- face gratings were provided to admit of effecting this improve-

ment.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

$60,000.00 10,175.35

107. Bonham Strand West—Paving. In this case also, the material used was Asphaltum concrete, 2′′ thick, laid on a founda- tion of cement concrete, 1′′ thick. The entire length of the street was laid in this manner and substantial improvements were effected by dispensing with the old side-channels and making sundry modi- fications in the levels of the footpaths and roadway.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

$6,000.00 5,837.30

108. New Road on east side of Leighton Hill to I.L. 1947. Improvements to Wongneichong Road.

Pathway from Kennedy Road to Macdonnell Road on west side of Peak Tram.

Improvements to Queen's and Garden Roads corner.

It was decided to postpone the execution of the whole of these works and no expenditure was incurred on any of them.

109. Path from Queen's Road East to Kennedy Road between I.L.'s 2072 and 2079.-This work was undertaken in accordance with certain stipulations contained in the Conditions of Sale relating to the Inland Lots mentioned. As the levelling of the lots had not been carried out, only the preliminary work of excavating the path was undertaken, the object of this being to enable a drain, which was required in connection with the development of certain neigh- bouring lots, to be laid.

1915 Estimates, ... $1,800.00 Total Estimates,... $1,800.00

1915 Expenditure,...

214.02

Expenditure to

31/12/15,..

214.02

63

P.W.E. Hongkong.

110. Training Nullahs :-

(a.) South-west of M.L. 239 and I.L. 1355.—That portion of this work, which was mentioned in last year's Report, was com- pleted during the year. As the owner of I.L. 1355 was very dilatory in carrying out certain works which had to be completed before the remaining portion of the nullah could be constructed, the extension to Pokfulam Road was not commenced.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,.

..$4,000.00 Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

31/12/15.

1,269.62 |

$7,500.00

3,452.72

(b.) Mount Kellett.-It was decided to postpone the execution of this work.

(c.) Aberdeen. This work consisted of the training of four stream-courses which united and discharged under No. 12 Bridge on the Victoria-Aberdeen Road, to the north-west of Aberdeen Village. The work was carried out under the Annual Contract for Drainage Works and was begun in the latter part of the year.

The channels, which vary in size from 36′′ × 36" to 12" x 12", are formed of cement concrete with a semi-circular invert and vertical sides. The whole of the channels were not completed but the following lengths were completed by the end of the year:-

36" x 36". 18" x 18"

118 feet. .325

1915 Estimates, ... ..$7,000.00 | Total Estimates,.

1915 Expenditure,... 1,012.85

.$7,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/15,

1.012.85

(d.) Magazine Gap District.-The work undertaken consisted of a further section of the general scheme of training, much of which was carried out in 1911, 1913 and 1914, under the item "Training Nullahs, General Works". Work was begun in. August and, by the close of the year, practically all the new channels under- taken were completed, only the filling-in at the sides and other minor details remaining to be done.

The channels, which vary in size from 36" x 36" to 12" x 12", are formed of cement concrete with a semi-circular invert and vertical sides. The total lengths trained were as follows:

36" x 36"

276 feet.

33" x 33"

255

21

30" x 30"

112

""

27" × 27"

156

24" x 24"

328

18" x 18"

143

"

15" X 15"

12" x 12"

265 98

Total,...

...1,633

༥།

P.W.E. Hongkong.

64

1915 Estimates, ...$7,000.00

1915 Expenditure, 3,643.99*

Total Estimates, Total Estimates, ..$7,000.00 Expenditure to

31/12/15,

3,643.99*

(e.) Wongneichong Village-Extension of two nullahs east and west of I.L. 1926.-This work forms a continuation of that under- taken in 1913, another Farm Lot (F.L. 45) having been converted into Inland Lots. The work was begun in the latter part of the year and had not reached completion at its close.

A length of the main nullah,that on the east of I.L. 1926,- measuring 267 feet, was undertaken, besides 138 feet of the branch nullah to the west of I.L. 1926. The inverts are of cement concrete, 4" thick, laid on a foundation of lime and cement concrete, and the side walls are of rubble masonry, built in lime mortar and finished with a coping of cement concrete.

The main nullah averages 7′ 0′′ wide by 10' 0" deep and the branch nullah 5′ 3′′ wide by 10′ 6′′ deep.

A portion of the branch nullah, 93 feet in length, has been arched over with cement concrete to provide for its being crossed by a future public road.

1915 Estimates,......$9,700.00 Total Estimates,.

|

$9,700.00

1915 Expenditure,.. 5,231.46

Expenditure to

31/12/15,

5,231.46

(f.) General Works.-The following is a statement of the works

carried out under this heading :-

(i.) Magazine Gap-District south of Gap -Completion of item (iv) of last year's

Report, (completed),

(ii) Training nullah west of I.L. 1942, Con- duit Road, including small branches, (completed):

Main stream,

Branches, ...

(iii) Training stream-course west of old Pumping Station, Bonham Road, (completed),

(iv.) Training stream-courses between Ship Street and Kennedy Road, (completed).

Length Expendi- trained.

ture.

Lin. Ft.

$

64.25

220

847.20

291

287

385.68

Cost of work,...

$1,077.59

Less contribution by

lessees,

350.00

280

727.59

* A sum of $64.25 was erroneously debited to this sub-head instead of to sub-head (e). The expenditure therefore appears as $3,708.24 in Annexe B.

65

(v.) Extension of stormwater drain (9" pipes) between Albany Lane and Kennedy Road to south-east corner of I.L. 1945, (completed)

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Lin. Ft.

Cost of work, .

$1,008.99

Less contribution by

lessees,

200.00

379

$808.99

(vi.) Laying 15" and 12" pipes, 89 feet long, in lane between I.L.'s 766 and 777, Queen's Road East, and con- structing 18" channel, 263 feet long, in rear of same, (completed),...

352

550.96

(vii.) Extension of nullah north of R.B.L.

136, Pokfulam Road, (completed),

42

221.64

(viii.) Various small items,

27.92

1915 Estimates, .

..$5,000.00

1915 Expenditure,

3.634.23

Deduct contributions received in respect of works executed during 1914,

2,504.82

1,129.41*

111. Flushing Tanks and Iron Pipes.-The works contemplated under this heading were brought to a conclusion in 1914 and no expenditure was therefore incurred during 1915.

112. Miscellaneous Drainage Works.—The following is a state- ment of the principal items carried out under this heading :----

(i.) Extension of 6" sewer to S.I.L. 377, Shaukiwan

West, (completed),

$387.81

(ii.) Extension of 6" sewer to I.L.'s 1036-1038,

Shaukiwan Road, (completed),...

168.85

(iii.) Extension of 21" and 18" stormwater drains and 9" sewer in Victoria Road, Kennedy Town, (completed),

748.61

(iv.) Extension of 9" and 6" stormwater drains in P.W.D. Storeyard and providing gullies in Wood Road, (completed),

192.49

(v.) Extension of 6" sewer in Gough Hill Road to

Peak School, (completed),

157.82

(vi.) Laying 9" stormwater drain from ditch in Racecourse to east of I.L. 2039, Broadwood Road, (completed),

549.98

* A sum of $64.25 was erroneously debited to sub-head (c) instead of to item (i) of sub-head (f). The expenditure therefore appears as $1,065.16 in Annexe B.

P.W.E. Hongkong.

'66

(vii.) Construction of manholes and gullies in Wel- lington Street between D'Aguilar and Pottinger Streets, (completed),

(viii.) Construction of manholes and gullies in Stanley Street between D'Aguilar and Pottinger Streets, (completed),

$226.55

168.59

(ix.) Substitution of 12" and 9" pipe-drains for old rubble stormwater drains (removed) in Well- ington Street, (completed),

860.89

(x.) Substitution of 12" and 9" pipe-drains for old rubble stormwater drains (removed) in Stanler Street, (completed),

893.53

(xi.) Extension of 6" sewer in Leighton Hill Road from Matheson Street to I.L. 729, (completed), (xii.) Substitution of 18" pipe-drains for 12" and 9" stormwater drains in Conduit Road opposite I.L. 1889, (completed),

243.42

103.26

(xiii.) Relaying 6" sewer in Robinson Road opposite

I.L.'s 946 and 947, (completed),

376.01

(xiv.) Extension of 12′′ and 9′′ stormwater drains and construction of gullies in Wood Road, (com- pleted),

833.92

(xv.) Construction of additional stormwater channels

in Hatton Road, (completed),

124.70

(xvi.) Filling in swamp and constructing gullies opposite Shaukiwan East Market, (completed),

339.74

(xvii.) Laying 12" stormwater drain in P.W.D. Quarry,

Shaukiwan Road, (completed),...

337.37

(xviii.) Construction of catchwater north of Kennedy

Road and East of Ship Street, (completed),

142.24

(xix) Extension of 9" sewer from Yee Wo Street to the Hospital at French Orphanage, Causeway Bay, (completed),

864.99

(xx.) Extension of 6′′ sewer in lane between I.L.'s 766 and 777, Queen's Road East, (completed), (xxi.) Drain connections (49) and other minor items,

(completed) :-

203.85

Cost of work,

$3,218.92

Less contributions by various

lessees, ...

372.31

2,846.61

1915 Estimates,

$30,000.00

1915 Expenditure,

10,771.23

Items (i) and (ii). These extensions were necessary to take the

sullage water from new houses erected on the lots mentioned.

2

67

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Item (iii). Owing to the letting on permit of an additional portion of the foreshore adjoining Victoria Road, Kennedy Town, for storeyards, which necessitated the filling-in of the area, the sewer and stormwater drains had to be diverted westwards. A contribution was made by the permittee towards the cost of the work.

Item (iv). This extension was undertaken to collect the surface water from a portion of the P.W.D. Storeyard and from Wood Road.

Item (v). An extension of the sewer was necessary in order to intercept the sullage-water drain from the Peak School.

Item (vi). This extension was necessary to take the stormwater from Broadwood and Wongneichong Roads and from a catchwater on the east side of I.L. 2039.

Items (vii) and (viii). Additional manholes were required on the stormwater drains for purposes of inspection and cleansing and additional gullies were also required.

Items (ix) and (x). In the course of carrying out items (vii) and (viii), it was found that the drains in Wellington and Stanley Streets were of an obsolete type They were therefore taken up and replaced with salt-glazed pipes.

Item (xi). This extension was necessary to take the sullage- water from new houses erected on I.L. 729.

Item (xii). Owing to the flooding of Conduit Road opposite I.L. 1889, it was found necessary to substitute larger pipes for those formerly laid.

Item (xiii). As the roots of Banyan trees were found to have penetrated the sewer in Robinson Road opposite I.L.'s 946 and 947, a portion of it had to be taken up and relaid.

Item (xiv). Owing to the flooding of the lower portion of Wood Road, it was found necessary to extend the stormwater drain from Heard Street towards Gap Road and to construct gullies in the side channels to intercept the stormwater.

Item (xv). As the drains provided were found to be inadequate to prevent damage to the surfacing of Hatton Road during heavy rainstorms, some additional channels were constructed.

Item (xvi). As the discharge of the sullage-water from the market was obstructed by reclamation works recently carried out, gullies were constructed to intercept such sullage-water and conduct it into the sewer. Some filling-in was also executed.

Item (xvii). A drain was found necessary to prevent the storm- water from the Quarry area damaging the public road.

}

P.W.E. Hongkong

68

Item (xviii). It was found necessary to construct catchwaters to intercept the stormwater flowing from the hillside below Kennedy Road and carrying with it earth and sand which were deposited in Queen's Road East.

Item (xix). This work was required to take the sullage-water from the Hospital recently established on I.L. 1918, Caroline Road, where the Cotton Mills formerly stood.

Item (xx). Owing to the rocky nature of the ground and the proximity of old buildings, it was considered desirable to lay a sewer in the lane referred to at the same time as the stormwater drain was being laid (item (vi) of Training Nullahs-General Works). This length of sewer will be required when I.L. 1910 is built upon.

Item (xxi). This calls for no comment.

113. Extensions of Lighting.-The following lamps were erected :-

On Lan Street,

Hatton Road,

Conduit Road,

Gas Lamps.

Mount Parish,

D'Aguilar Street-refixing lamp removed in 1914 on account of the construction of an underground

trough closet,...

2

1*

College View,

2+

Monmouth Path,

4

Wongneichong Road,

2

Swatow Street,

1

Amoy Street,

1

Findlay Road,

2

Lamps erected in 1914 in Broadwood Road, but not

lighted until 1915,

13$

Net increase in gas lamps,...

34

Electric Lamps ́ (incandescent).

Shaukiwan Road,

20+

Total increase in number of lamps, gas and electric,... 54

1915 Estimates, ..

1915 Expenditure,

$1,000.00 917.41

* Charged to vote for construction of “Underground Trough Closet in D'Aguilar

Street".

† Provided under Private Street Improvements and charged to lessee of lot.

Charged to vote for road to I.L.'s 1946 and 1947 on the ridge east of Happy Valley-" Broadwood Road",-in 1914 Estimates.

Charged to vote for "Shaukiwan Lighting" (item 30 P.W.E.).

69

P.W.E. Hongkong.

114. Shaukiwan Lighting.-Twenty lights of 50 candle-power each were installed as street lights at Shaukiwan, 9 of which were fixed on Government telephone poles and 11 on the Tramway Company's poles.

The monthly cost per lamp for current is $2.85 and an annual rent of $2.00 per pole is paid to the Tramway Company for the use of their poles.

1915 Estimates, . 1915 Expenditure,

$350,00 349.40

115. Telephone Cable across Harbour.—An indent for the cable was forwarded in May to the Crown Agents, but it had not been fulfilled up to the close of the year.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

.$8,000.00 | Total Estimates,

2.70

$8,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/15,

2.70

116. Chinese Cemeteries-Laying out terraces.- -A statement of the work carried out under this heading will be found in paragraph 42 of this Report.

1915 Estimates, ..

1915 Expenditure,

.$4,000.00 1,124.34

117. Survey of Colony.—An account of the survey work executed will be found in paragraph 19 of this Report.

1915 Estimates,...

1915 Sup. Vote, ...

1915 Expenditure,

$3,000.00 165.00

$3,165.00

3,164.95

118. New Pillar Boxes and new Tablets for same.-During the year several new pillar and wall boxes of new design were erected in various parts of the Colony, but it was not found possible to provide the tablets.

1915 Estimates, 1915 Expenditure,

$3,000.00

1,986.68

119. G.P.0.-Shelving in Registration and Parcels Branch.-- Steel rack shelving was erected in tiers in the strong room to enable the storage of parcels, &c., to be more efficiently carried out.

1915 Estimates,....... 1915 Expenditure,

$1,600.00 1,596.00

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 70

120.—Boundary Stones.—The provision of boundary stones to define lots of land has hitherto been defrayed from a suspense account, but it has been considered expedient to provide a vote in the Estimates for such services in future.

1915 Estimates,.. 1915 Sup. Vote,.

1915 Expenditure,

$1.000.00

200.00

$1,200.00

1,179.10

121. Statue Square,—Railings_round_four Statues.-It was decided by Government to postpone the execution of this work and no expenditure was incurred on this item.

122. Police Station, Shaukiwan,-Relaying_Compound.--The surface of the compound, which was in a very bad state, was relaid with 3" cement concrete.

1915 Estimates, . 1915 Expenditure,

$600.00

596.68

123. Extension of Chair Coolies Shelter, near Hongkong Club.- The shelter in Chater Road opposite the Hongkong Club was com- pleted by the addition of two more bays. The cost of the first portion of this structure was defrayed from the Vote "Miscellaneous Works" in last year's Estimates. It amounted to $572.00, the total cost of the extended structure being $1,076.72.

1915 Estimates, ... 1915 Expenditure,

$600.00

504.72

124. Installing Electric Lights in Shaukiwan and Tsat Tsz Mui Police Stations and in Shaukiwan and Sai Wan Ho Markets. Consequent upon the extension of electric lighting to Shaukiwan, the following lamps were installed in the buildings mentioned :-

Shaukiwan Police Station-22 16-candle-power and 17 32- candle-power lights.

Tsat Tsz Mui Police Station--7 8-candle-power, 3 16-candle- power and 1 32-candle-power lights.

Shaukiwan Market-13 32-candle-power lights.

Sai Wan Ho Market-15 16-candle-power and 5 32-candle- power lights.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Sup. Vote,

1915 Expenditure,

$530.00 35.00

$565.00

562.60

P.W.E. Hongkong.

125. Installing Electric Lights in Wantsai and Saiyingpun Markets. The following lights were installed :-

Wantsai Market-21 50-candle-power lights.

Saiyingpun Market-1 32 and 22 50-candle-power lights.

1915 Estimates,..

1915 Expenditure,

$405.00

284.91

126. Colonial Secretary's Office-Ertra Lights and Fans.- The following lamps and fans were installed :—

15 lights of 32 candle-power each, 3 portable lights of 32 candle-power each and 2 ceiling fans.

1915 Estimates, ...

1915 Expenditure,

$250.00

244.76

127. Colonial Secretary's Office--Improvements to Record Room-In order to form a fire-resisting room for important records, a portion of the large room hitherto used as a record room was partitioned off by a brick wall and fitted with a fire-resisting door. A fireplace in the room was bricked up, all the windows were provided with fire-resisting shutters and sundry other works were executed to render the room as far as possible fireproof.

1915 Estimates, ...

1915 Sup. Vote, ...

$1,200.00

140.00

$1,340.00

1,300.75

1915 Expenditure,

128. Ellis Kadoorie School--Electric Fans and Lights.-The following lamps and fans were installed :

3 50-candle-power lights and 8 12′′ and 24 16′′ desk fans.

1915 Estimates,.. 1915 Expenditure,

$1,600.00 1,580.47

129. Resumption of Piers.—It was intended by Government to resume certain piers used in connection with the ferry services to Yaumati and elsewhere, but it was decided to postpone action for the present. No expenditure was incurred in connection with this item.

130. Miscellaneous Works.-The following are the principal items of expenditure under this heading, representing in some cases only a part of the cost of the works in consequence of their extending over more than one year:

Dogs' Home-Erecting new building, including

matshed for temporary occupation,

$3,100.69

Queen's Road East Latrine-Alterations to convert

building into a branch post office,

2,267.61

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 72

Government Offices (Colonial Secretariat & P.W.D.) :~~~

Constructing new lavatory for Chinese

staff,

$827.61

Connecting telephone line to new P.W.D.

store,

366.92

Additional fans and lights to various

offices,

222.00

Minor alterations to various offices,

166.35

Connecting telephone line to electrical

workshop,

120.96

Sundry minor items,

179.56

$1,883.40

Government Quarry, Tsat Tsz Mui-Erecting shed for

manufacture of granolithic paving slabs,

1,458.18

Subordinate Officers' Quarters, West End Park :

Underpinning retaining wall,

$1,361.81

Constructing cement concrete crossing

over channel,

14.95

1,376.76

Government Offices (Pedder Street) :---

Treasury-Erecting shelving in Strong

Room,

$453.03

Post Office-Painting private letter

hoxes,

283.75

Connecting telephones from Telegram

Receiving Table and from P. O. Accounts Office to Exchange,

Sundry minor items,

123.94

454.04

1,314.76

Sailors' Home-Erecting shed, with brick piers and concrete roof, for use in connection with engagement

of crews,

Government House :-

740.76

Erecting and altering partitions, fixing

mirrors and shelves,

$223.97

Dining Room-Improving electric light-

ing, ...

160.77

Re-arrangement of stairs,

130.29

Additions and alterations to fans, lights,

bells and electric meters,

109.00

Installing telephone to Central Police

Station Exchange, ...

91.21

715.24

Q 73

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Bonham Road Pumping Station-Repairs to building,

prior to handing it over to

the Hongkong

University,

$604.75

Courts of Justice :---

Attorney General's Office-Connecting telephones to Sub-exchange and to

C.S.O. Offices,

$222.10

Replacing electroliers under ceiling fans.

with light pendants,

175.05

Sundry minor items,

41.86

439.01

Widening path alongside pipe-line from Sywan Gap

to intake for Shaukiwan Waterworks and extend- ing same to Tytam Gap,

426.75

Blake Gardens-Erecting ornamental shelter,

422.56

Central Police Station :-

Erecting concrete shelter,

$203.98

Additional electric lights,

95.89

Sundry minor items,

111.56

411,43

Bathing Beaches at North Point and Kennedy Town-- Erecting matshed and piers and providing watch-

men, etc.,

375.40

Notice Boards warning photographers of prohibited areas,

356.00

Old Harbour Office :-

Erecting partitions.

$100.73

Fixing ceilings and extending chimneys,

85.72

Removing western staircase,

84.96

271.41

Tar Macadam Depôt, Wanchai-Erecting latrine for

workmen,

246.96

Saiyingpun School :---

Renewing doors and sashes,

$160.40

Installing electric fans and lights in

matshed,

77.50

237.90

Yee Yick Lane-Erecting urinal,...

219.23

Peak District Roads-Providing and fixing indicating

notice boards,

174.56

1915 Estimates, ...

$20,000.00

1915 Expenditure,

18,952.11

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 71

131. Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903,--Com- pensation and Resumptions.--This vote provides for the resumption of areas to form scavenging lanes, for the payment of compensation in connection with the removal of houses over the ends of private streets or lanes and other matters. In some cases where houses are of moderate depth, a modification of the open space requirements has been granted, the owners agreeing to provide a lane without compensation in consideration of being permitted to count it as part of their open space.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

$30,000.00 10,606.19

The following is a statement of the various resumptions effected during the year and of the scavenging lane areas provided by owners without compensation :-

(1.) Properties resumed.

Compensation

paid.

$

No. 379 Queen's Road Central (1.L. 66, Sec. B). Resumption of a small area for the purpose of widening Bonham Strand. Demolition carried out by lessee at his own expense,

No. 12 Peak Road (I.L. 1206 and G.L. 3). Pay- ment of compensation for a portion of G.L. 3 resumed in 1906 in connection with the construction of May Road,

Nos. 122 and 124 Bonham Strand (I.L.'s 560 and 561). Resumption of small areas for the purpose of widening Bonham Strand. De- molition carried out by lessee at his own

expense,

Farm Lots 14 and 15, Pokfulam. Resumption in connection with a proposed extension to Kai Lung Wan Cemetery,

Lot 129, Wongneichong Resumption in con- nection with the extension of the nullah between I.L.'s 1926 and 2065, including compensation for 7 pig-sties,

No. 178 Wing Lok Street. Demolition of riding floors over entrance to Tung Hing Lane (M.L. 235, Sec. B) resumed in 1914 (vide paragraph 117 of last year's Report),

460.00

223.43

4,121.67

2,957.00

151.50

199.71

Arrangements were made for the resumption of a new street on M.L. 110, known as Mallory Street, so soon as it has been formed to a width of 30 feet. Compensation is to be paid at the rate of $2.00 per square foot, the area involved being 3,570 square feet.

1

Q 75

P.W.E. Hongkong.

In addition to the foregoing, the resumption of the whole of I.L. 3, situated in Hollywood Road, was carried out in connection with a scheme for the extension of the Central Police Station. Particulars of this resumption, which involved an expenditure of $244,362.60, will be found in paragraph 104 of this Report, the cost being met by a special vote.

(2.) Scavenging Lanes resumed on payment of compensation.

Area in Compensation Sq. Ft.

In rear of No. 44 Hing Lung Street,

M.L. 53 R.P.,

paid.

$

45.50

910.00

Do.

Nos. 34-40 Belchers Street and Nos. 1-7 North Street,

I.L. 953,

1,055.25

1,582.88

Arrangements were made for the resumption of areas required for scavenging lanes in the rear of 26 houses fronting on Praya East, Burrows Street, Wanchai Road and Mallory Street, (M.L. 110), but compensation had not been paid before the close of the The area of the lanes, for which compensation is to be paid at the rate of $2.00 per square foot, is 1,979 square feet.

year.

(3.) `cavenging Lanes provided by owners but not Surrendered to Government.

!

In rear of 12 houses, Warren Street and Jones Street, I.L. 2087, Tai Hang,

Area in Sq. Ft.

...$1,188.40

Do.

Nos. 1-5 Tin Keng Terrace, I.L. 2040,

Tai Hang,

478.50

Do.

Nos. 428-440 Queen's Road West, I.L. 798, Sec. A,

603.50

Do.

2 houses, Breezy Path, I.L. 605,

1,619.00

Do.

Nos. 19-29 Old Bailey, I.L. 124,

620.00

Do. Nos. 1-8 Broadwood Terrace and Nos. 1-3 Broadwood Road, I.L. 2039, Wong-

neichong,

1,104.00

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

12 houses, Leighton Hill Road, I.L. 729, 1,503.00 7 houses, Third Street, I.L. 798, Sec. A, 636.00 Nos. 1-12 Ying Wah Terrace, I.L.'s 690

and 691,...

...

1,260.00

2 houses, Praya East, and 13 houses, Tai Wong Lane, M.L. 64A, Sec. A, ... 938.00

7 houses, Praya East, 20 houses, Amoy Street and 16 houses, Swatow Street,

M.L. 40 R.P.,

3,070.00

Nos. 17-24, Praya East, M.L. 64 R.P., 807.00

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 76

In rear of Nos. 33, 35 and 35A, Whitfeild, I.L.

1943,

Do. Nos. 19, 21 and 23. Whitfeild, I.L.'s

1036-1038,

$296.00

270,00

(4.) Scavenging Lanes to be provided by owners when an oppor

tunity occurs of gaining access to them from the adjoining

streets.

Do.

In rear of No. 91 Wing Lok Street, M.L. 130 R.P.,

No. 242 Des Voeux Road Central, 1.L. 1867,

Area in Sq. Ft.

$43.00

50.90

...

Do.

No. 124 Des Voeux Road Central, I.L. 2000,

90.00

Do.

Nos. 120 and 122 Des Voeux Road

Central, I.L. 1959,

186.50

Do.

Nos. 104, 106 and 108 Des Voeux Road

Central, M.L.'s 53A and 18,

261.62

Do.

No. 164 Wing Lok Street, M.L. 233

R.P.,

88.00

Do.

No. 34 Wing Lok Street, I.L. 1868,

35.00

Do.

No. 12 Wing Lok Street, M.L. 32,

Sec. A,

92.50

Do.

Nos. 5, 6 and 7 Per ival Street, I.L.'s 472 and 1612,

216.00

...

Do.

No. 110 Jervois Street, IL. 19, Sec. B,

52.00

Do.

Nos. 62-70 Main Street, Shaukiwan East. S.1.1.'s 62, 63 and 64,

342.00

Do.

Nos. 245 Wing Lok Street and 83 Bon- ham Strand West, M.L. 37A, Sec. E,

R.P..

100.00

132. Additional Service Reservoir, &c., West Point.-Owing to the necessity of providing a convenient place of deposit for the large quantity of material which had to be removed in forming the site and excavating for the service reservoir and filter-beds, it became necessary to divert a portion of Pokfulam Road. As this involved the acquisition of an area of War Department land, negotiations were entered into with the Military Authorities, the matter being satisfactorily arranged. The diversion of the road was practically completed at the end of the year, the excavation of the service reservoir being then well advanced and that of the filter- beds begun. Arrangements for the laying of the necessary new mains were in progress.

1915 Estimates, $250,000.00 Total Estimates, ... $310,000.00

Expenditure, to

31/12/15,

1915 Expenditure, 28,474.96

43,686.81

M

P.W.E. Hongkong.

133. Tytam Tuk Scheme, Second Section.-Very good progress was made with the construction of the dam. To enable the extent of such progress to be realized, the fact may be recalled that, at the end of 1914, the total length over which excavations had been com- pleted and concreting had been undertaken was 470 feet, whilst the height to which the concrete and masonry of the dam had been con- structed varied from 32 feet below to 40 feet above Ordnance Datum.

By the end of 1915, the total length over which excavations had been completed was 630 feet, whilst the height to which the concrete and masonry had been carried varied from 35 to 59 feet above Ordnance Datum. The height to which construction had been carried above the deepest part of the foundations, namely, where the dam crosses the old streambed, was 77 feet.

In all, 9,534 cubic yards of soft material and 2,556 cubic yards of rock were excavated during the year. The quantities of cement concrete deposited and of granite ashlar set were as follows:-

Fine cement concrete,

Hearting concrete, containing granite

displacers,

Granite ashlar,

8,722 cub, yds.

39,968

21

39

49,074

ft.

In order to provide for impounding water during the dry season, the culverts were permanently closed with masonry and concrete at the end of May and, in September, the valves on the wash-out pipes were closed to enable impounding to be begun, but, as the rainfall during September proved to be considerably below the average (5.71 inches compared with an average of 9'67 inches), it appeared as if little advantage would be gained from the new reservoir. The deficiency of rainfall during September was however made good in October, when 1171 inches fell, resulting in filling the new reser- voir to more than half its capacity at that period. The water attained its maximum height on the 10th November, when it stood at 101⁄2 ft. above the lowest draw-off, at which level the effective impound is 57 million gallons.

Pumping from the new reservoir was begun on the 22nd October and continued throughout the remainder of the year. In all, 853 million gallons were pumped from this reservoir up to the 31st December. During the period mentioned, (22nd October 31st December), the accretions from streams flowing into the reservoir amounted to 803 million gallons, or 1·10 million gallons per day.

The laying of the two additional 18" cast iron rising mains from the pumping station to the gauge-basin at the inlet of the Tytam tunnel was completed. The laying of the two 18" suction mains from the draw-off tower of the low-level reservoir to the pumping station was also completed.

As the 18" cast iron suction main laid in 1905-06 from the intermediate reservoir to the pumping station would have been sub- merged by the waters of the new low-level reservoir for practically

P.W.E. Hongkong.

its entire length, it was taken the mains above referred to. for 1903 will show that it eventually be done.

Q 78

up, the pipes being re-used in laying A reference to page 22 of the Report was contemplated that this would

A Contract was let to Messrs. Sang Lee & Co. in February for the construction of the foundations and flues for the additional boilers required in connection with the new pumping machinery and a further Contract was let to the same firm in July for the extension of the pumping station buildings to accommodate the pumping engines. By the close of the year, both Contracts were practically completed, as were also the Contracts for the pump-pit and engine foundations mentioned in last year's Report.

The whole of the pumping machinery indented for from England arrived during the year. Under the Contract entered into with the makers (Messrs. James Simpson & Co., Ltd ), the inachinery is to be erected, tested and maintained for four months by them. Their representative, Mr. Daniel Dyer, arrived in the Colony on the 27th March and the first consignment of machinery arrived shortly afterwards.

By the end of the year, the boilers, superheaters and Green's fuel economiser had been erected, the pumps, valve chambers, etc., for both sets of machinery had been fixed in position in the pump- pit and a commencement had been made with the erection of the first engine.

1915 Estimates, $700,000.00 | Total Estimates, $2,400,000.00 1915 Sup. Vote,

105,000.00

$805,000.00

Expenditure to

1915 Expenditure, 800,701.25

31/12/15 ... 1.259,898.82

134. Pokfulam Road (formerly Bonham Road) Pumping Station. -This work was fully described in last year's Report. The altera- tions to, and erection of, the old pumping engine, the expenditure on which has been defrayed from the Vote "Miscellaneous Water Works", were completed, the engine being brought into operation and proving to work very satisfactorily.

As previously explained, Bonham Road Pumping Station has been handed over to the Hongkong University, being replaced by a new Pumping Station on Pokfulam Road.

1915 Estimates, ... 7,000.00 Total Estimates,

$ |

..$72,500.00

1915 Sup. Vote,

1915 Expenditure,

3,000.00

$10,000.00 9,998.62

Expenditure to

31/12/15,

... 74,672.45

Q 79

P.W.E. Hongkong.

135. Miscellaneous Water Works.-The following are the principal items of expenditure under this head, representing in some instances only part of the cost of the works in consequence of their extending over more than one year :--

(i.) Altering alignment of rising mains for the supply

of the Hill District, (completed),

$750.66

(ii.) Conversion of old compound pumping engine into triple expansion engine, (completed),

855.02

(iii.) Constructing ash bin at Pokfulam Road Pump-

ing Station, (completed),

807.30

(iv.) Cleaning and repairing No. 1 Intake, Shanki-

wan Water Works, (completed),

399.97

(v.) Laying pipe-line near Sywan Gap Filter Beds to render available the water from an addi- tional stream-course,

787.86

(vi.) Laying new 4" main in Caroline Road,

1,217.82

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

$6,000.00

4,843.88*

Item (i). This work was described in last year's Report (vide page 73).

Item (ii). This work was also described in last year's Report (vide page 73). The addition of the third cylinder has effected a great improvement in the working of the pumps and has entirely overcome the defect formerly existing.

Item (iii). Hitherto, it has been possible to dispose of the clinker and ashes from the boilers of the Pokfulam Road Pumping Station by depositing them on Crown land adjacent to the Station, but, as the available space has now been fully utilized, it became necessary to make other arrangements. A large bin, with a capacity of 85 cubic yards, has accordingly been constructed on the north side of Pokfulam Road in close proximity to the Station. The bin is constructed entirely of concrete and, as it is below the level of the road, concrete gangways have been provided, across which the ashes, &c., can be wheeled or carried and tipped in any vacant space that may be available. Facilities are provided for emptying the bin which is divided into two sections by a partition wall. The bin will be emptied periodically, the contents being conveyed to junks and deposited at sea.

Item (iv). The completion of the Shaukiwan Water Works Extension (vide paragraph 118 of last year's Report) has rendered it possible to clean and repair the intakes constructed in 1896. The whole of the filtering material was washed and the intake was thoroughly repaired.

* A sum of $25 25, expended in connection with Kowloon Water Works, was inadvertently charged to this Vote.

P.W.E. Hong kong.

80

Item (v). Some of the pipes recovered, in the execution of item (i), from the old rising mains supplying the Hill District were utilized for intercepting the waters of another stream to the north- westward of the filter-beds and service reservoir recently constructed near Sywan Gap for the supply of the Shaukiwan District, thus augmenting the supply.

Item (vi). The principal object of this main was to increase the supply of water to properties to the eastward of Causeway Bay and to afford an alternative means of supply to such properties in the event of a burst occurring in the neighbourhood of East Point. As the district indicated has hitherto been dependent for its supply upon one line of main, the risk of interruption of the supply owing to bursts was very great.

No progress was made with the extension of Fire Hydrants, etc., Kennedy Road, referred to in the Report for 1914 as the diversion of Kennedy Road has not been carried out.

P.W.E. KOWLOON.

136. Quarters for Subordinate Officers, adjoining King's Park.- This work was completed in 1914 and was fully described in last year's Report. The payments in 1915 consisted of balances of $7,200.00 due under the Contract for the construction of the build- ings and of $716.54 for the electric light installation.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure, 7,916.54

$8,000.00 Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

31/12/15,.......

$74,000.00

76,347.02

137. Market at Shamshuipo.

Kowloon British School, Additions.

} It was decided to postpone

the execution of these works and no expenditure was incurred on either of them.

138. Royal Observatory :-

(a.) Installing wireless receiving apparatus.-No expenditure was incurred in connection with this item.

(b.) Bathroom.- A new bathroom, 6′ 6′′ square, was added to the quarters on first floor, being supported on brick piers. To afford access to it from the compound, a reinforced concrete stair- case was erected.

1915 Estimates,.

1915 Expenditure,

$700.00

678.72

(c.) Seismograph Room.-No expenditure was incurred in connection with this item.

81

P.W.E. Kowloon,

139. Rented Quarters for European Subordinates, Royal Obser- vatory.

Housing of European Subordinate Officers.

It was decided to postpone the execution of these works and no expenditure was incurred on either of them.

140. Improvements_to Pitt Street opposite Kwong Wah Hospital.--Owing to the construction of that portion of the Water. loo Road extending from the Disinfecting Station to near the Railway Bridge, it became unnecessary to carry out the work contemplated and no expenditure was incurred under this heading.

141. Roads-General Works. The following is a statement of the works executed under this heading, except those of a trifling

nature:

(i.) Battery, Kansu and Reclamation Streets-Ker- bing, channelling and surfacing carriageways and laying granolithic footways around K.I.L. 1286, (completed),

(ii.) Saigon Street-Kerbing and channelling, etc., and laying granolithic paving on portion between K.I.L.'s 570 and 571, (completed),

(iii.) Portland Street:

Kerbing and channelling and laying granolithic footways on the south and west sides of a portion of K.I.L. 1260, (completed),

Kerbing and channelling and laying granolithic footways on the south and west sides of K.I.L. 1282, including laying a 15′ 0′′ strip of macadam to give access from Shanghai Street to this lot, (com- pleted),

$702.75

421.17

(iv.) Mody and Hanoi Roads-Regulating kerbing to new levels and laying new channelling and granolithic footways on south and east sides of a portion of K.I.L. 574, (completed),

$2,852.79

1,754.30

1,123.92

950.39

(v.) Austin Avenue-Kerbing and channelling and laying granolithic paving around a portion of K.I.L. 1172. (completed),

915.89

(vi.) Ashley Road--Extending carriageway south of Peking Road and laying new kerbing and channelling, (completed),

643.13

(vii.) Nathan Road-Regulating kerbing to new levels and laying channelling and macadam opposite K.1.L. 571, (completed),

578.16

P.W.E. Kowloon.

82

(viii.) Reclamation Street-Raising level of and sur- facing lane at rear of K.I.L. 1285 and laying granolithic paving on north side of lot, (com- pleted),

(ix.) Peking Road-Regulating kerbing to new

levels and laying channelling opposite K.1.L. 416, (completed),. .

(x.) To Kwa Wan-Laying Portland cement con- crete channel on north side of K.M.L. 90, (completed),

(xi.) Argyle Street -Laying a strip of 4" macadam, 10 feet wide, on the north side of K.I.L. 1284,

$ 442.96

265.04

192.66

143.35

1915 Estimates, ...

1915 Sup. Vote, ...

...$5,000.00

5,000.00

$10,000.00

9,981.39

1915 Expenditure,

142. Training Nullahs: --

(a.) King's Park Area.--A description of this work was given in last year's Report. As it was recognized that the nullah in the east valley will probably undergo alterations when the Park is laid out, work was confined to what was absolutely necessary. The total length of subsoil pipes laid was 2,730 feet.

.$7,000.00 Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

31/12/15,

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,... 2,789.74 |

...$13,000.00

8,764.39

(b.) Extension of Waterloo Road Nullah.-The cutting away of an extensive portion of the hill, extending from the Disinfecting Station to near the Railway Bridge, in order to obtain material for reclamation purposes, rendered it possible to construct the Waterloo Road nullah between the points indicated, thus linking up the lengths already constructed. The side-walls of that portion of the nullah formerly trained to the south-west of the Railway Bridge were also raised to the future road levels. The old streamcourse, which ran at the base of the hill, to which allusion has already been made, was filled in, but the laying of certain stormwater drains necessitated by its abolition remained to be done.

The length of nullah completed was 671 feet and the entire works were nearing completion at the close of the year. The nullah averaged 9' 0" wide by 8′ 0′′ deep, being constructed on a foundation of lime concrete and boulders with a cement concrete invert and rubble stone side-walls.

1915 Estimates, ...$11,000.00 Total Estimates, ...$11,000.00

1915 Expenditure, -8,383.80

Expenditure to

31/12/15.

8,383.80

83

P.W.E. Kowloon:

(c.) General Works.-The following is a statement of the works carried out under this heading :-

Length trained Expen-

Lin. Ft. diture.

(i.) Extension of south wall and invert of

nullah in Boundary Street, Fuk Tsun Heung, (not completed),-north wall built by lessee of N.K.I.L.'s 46-48,

(ii.) Extension of stormwater culvert west of the Kowloon City Road near K.M.L. 53, Hok Un, (not completed).

(iii.) Raising invert of nullah in Soy Street for a length of 845 feet from the out- fall and reconstructing side-walls to future road levels for a length of 100 feet, (completed),

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

87 $1,470.67

302

682.74

1,845.36

. $4,000.00 3,998.77

143. Miscellaneous Drainage Works. The following is a state- ment of the principal items carried out under this heading, the amounts stated representing in some cases only a portion of the cost owing to the works extending into more than one year :~

(i.) Extension of 6" sewer to Royal Observatory and

relaying drains at same, (completed),

(ii.) Diversion of stormwater drain opposite K.1.L. 1286, Reclamation Street, (item (ii) of last year's Report), (completed),

(iii.) Extension of 12" stormwater drain in Kansu Street from Reclamation Street to Battery Street, (completed),

$790.88

222.74

535.03

(iv.) Laying short length of 9" stormwater branch drain at north end of K.I.L. 1286, (completed), (v.) Extension of 6" sewer from Bulkeley Street to

H.I.L. 234, Hunghom, (completed),

182.00

270.65

(vi.) Extension of 9" sewer in Fife Street from Port- land Street to lane in rear of K.I.L. 1282, (com- pleted),

288.30

(vii.) Construction of 12 street gullies in Nathan and

Austin Roads, (completed),

859.13

(viii.) Extension of 6" sewer in Cox's Path to Railway Manager's House (Parkside), (completed),

198.09

(ix.) Laying 15" sewer underneath the Railway lines from existing outfall in sea-wall to Salisbury Road opposite Nathan Road, (not completed),. (x.) Extension of 6" sewer and 9" stormwater drain in street between K.I.L.'s 1294 and 571, (com- pleted),

677.87

776.86

P.W.E. Kowloon.

Q 84

(xi.) Drain connections (15) and other minor works,

(completed),

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

$1,148.34

$10,000.00

5,949.89*

Item (i). This was a continuation of the work referred to in item (v) of last year's Report (p. 78). The Observatory drains had hitherto discharged into a cesspool, but, with the extension of the sewer, the cesspool was abolished, the drains being relaid and con- nected with the sewer.

Item (ii). This item was described in last year's Report.

Items (iii) and (iv). These works were rendered necessary by the raising of a portion of Battery Street between Kansu and Recla- mation Streets, in accordance with the scheme laid down for this locality.

Item (v). The sullage-water from H.I.L. 234, Hunghom, for- merly discharged into an adjoining nullah. It has now been inter- cepted and taken into the sewer.

Item (vi). This work was required to take the sullage-water from a new house on K.I.L. 1282, Portland Street.

Item (vii). During heavy rainstorms, flooding took place in Austin and Nathan Roads and, to prevent this, more street gullies were constructed.

Item (viii). This sewer was extended to take the sullage-water from the Railway Manager's house, the drains of which it was necessary to re-arrange and divert from K.I.L. 1133.

Item (ix). It was considered advisable, before railway traffic increases, to lay the length of sewer, extending from the sea-wall to Salisbury Road, underneath the Kowloon-Canton Railway, to take the drainage from properties on the west side of Nathan Road. The work is particularly troublesome as the trench is in reclaimed ground, necessitating heavy timbering under the various lines of railway.

Item (x). These works were required to take the sullage-water and stormwater from new houses on K.I.L. 1294.

Item (xi). This calls for no comment.

144. Central Lighting of Salisbury and Nathan Roads.-This work has already been described under the beading "Gas Light- ing", paragraph 73 of this Report.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

$1,600.00. 1,600.00.

* A sum of $1,831 79 in respect of work executed in 1914 was received from the lessee of K I.L. 1286 and was cre dited to this sub-head by deducting it from the sum expended. The expenditure therefore appears as $4,118.10 in Annexe B.

85

P.W.E. Kowloon.

145. Additional Lamps in other roads.—The positions of these lamps are shown under “Extensions of Lighting", paragraph 146 of this Report.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure.

$1,380.00 1,320.00

146. Extensions of Lighting.-The following lamps were

Extensions_of_Lighting.—The

erected :---

Gas Lamps.

Nathan Road,

Salisbury Road,

Haiphong Road,

Ashley Road,

>

Middle Road,

Cox's Path,

Kimberley Road, Observatory Road, Jordan Road, Chatham Road,

25 *

5

4

Canton Road,

Shanghai Street,

Kowloon City Road,

1)

Tsim Sha Tsui Pier (Old Star Ferry Pier), .

61

58

Deduct lamps removed :-

Nathan Road,

Saigon Street,

15

Ι

Salisbury Road,

Tsim Sha Tsui Pier,

'Net increase in gas lamps,

༢ } ོ

22

36

Electric Lamps (incandescent).

Fuk Tsun Heung,...

Shamshuipo,

BR

12

13

25$

Total increase in number of lanips,

gas and electric,

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

61

$500.00

Nil.

Charged to "Central Lighting of Salisbury and Nathan Roads". Charged to "Additional Lamps in other roads ".

Charged to Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers, Kowloon ". No charge was made for the installation of these lamps.

P.W.E. Kowloon

86

147. Typhoon Refuge, Mongkoktsui.—This work was completed in August and, on the 16th December, a stone commemorating the event was laid by His Excellency Sir F. H. May, K.C.M.G., LL.D. The works were completed in two months under the Contract time of five years.

The following is a brief history of the inception and execution of this important public work.

The Refuge at Causeway Bay, which was constructed in 1883 at a cost of $96,500, had become inadequate and, unless small craft sought shelter within it as soon as the approach of a storm was heralded, they were unlikely to gain admission. Similarly, having gained admission, they were unable to escape from it again until a general exodus set in, which did not usually occur until all signs of broken weather had disappeared, the result being that shipping firms complained that their operations in loading and unloading vessels were unduly interfered with owing to the prolonged absence of the junks and cargo boats.

CC

In December, 1903, the following resolution was brought before the Legislative Council by Mr. Gershom Stewart and was passed unanimously:-"That, in the opinion of the Council, it is advisable to increase if possible the means of shelter for cargo boats and sampans during the typhoon season." It was explained, on behalf of the Government, that the only obstacle to giving effect to the resolution was the lack of funds, other public works of pressing importance, notably waterworks,-absorbing the surplus revenues of the Colony. It was not until 1908 that it became possible to make provision for commencing the work.

Towards the end of 1906 and during 1907, much discussion took place regarding the selection of a site for the new Harbour of Refuge, those considered being Mongkoktsui Bay, Cheungshawan Bay, an area on the east side of Stonecutters Island, Kellett's Bank (refuge to be entirely artificial) and the indentation in the Praya Wall near Kennedy Town. Finally, on the 4th January, 1908, the Public Works Committee, to whom the question had been referred, agreed unanimously to recommend that the Mongkoktsui Bay site be adopted.

The necessary preliminary plans and estimates were prepared and, on the 7th March, 1908, a despatch submitting the scheme for the approval of the Secretary of State for the Colonies was forwarded to London, a reply by cable being asked for. The scheme was referred by the Secretary of State to Messrs. Coode, Son & Matthews, Consulting Engineers, and on the 15th July, 1908, a telegram was received stating that, whilst approving generally of the proposals, the Consulting Engineers considered some modifications in the design necessary and thought them of sufficient importance to justify a consultation with the officer who had prepared the scheme. After further telegraphic correspondence, Mr. Boulton, Executive Engineer, left for London on the 15th August, returning to the Colony on the 9th November.

87

Č

P.W.E. Kowloon.

Without waiting for the final adjustment of all questions, the dredging of a large trench in order to form a foundation for the breakwater had been begun on the 2nd September, 1908, the hopper- dredger "St. Enoch" having been purchased for the purpose by the Government from Messrs. Punchard, Lowther & Co., who were the Contractors for the Naval Yard Extension Works. Dredging operations were not completed until the end of January, 1910.

The modifications in the design, resulting from the conference of Mr. Boulton with the Consulting Engineers, were made and, as the final approval of the Secretary of State, including the approval of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, was received on the 28th January, 1909, the preparation of the detailed drawings and other documents required in connection with the construction of the breakwater and contingent works was proceeded with, an ordinance authorizing the construction of such works being passed by the Legislative Council in November, 1909. The unfortunate illness of Mr. Boulton, which led to his retirement from the Service in April, 1910, and ended ultimately in his death, delayed matters consider- ably, as did also certain negotiations with the lessees of Kowloon Marine Lot 32, with whom it was considered advisable to effect a settlement before the Contract was let.

Το

In June, 1910, tenders for the construction of the works were called for and, as the project was one of very considerable magnitude and several English firms had expressed a desire to tender for its execution, arrangements were made to enable them to do so. admit of this, a much longer period had to be allowed for the pre- paration of tenders than would otherwise have been necessary and consequently it was not until the 27th October, 1910, that a Con- tract was entered into with Messrs. Him Tai, whose tender was the lowest. As already stated, the work was completed in August, 1915, or two months before the expiry of the period of 5 years allowed under the Contract.

The Contract comprised the construction of an island break- water; a reclamation, from which a short pier-head projects and a concrete and masonry pier. The breakwater, reclamation and pier-head enclose the harbour on the west whilst the concrete and masonry pier encloses it on the south. On the north and east sides, the harbour is enclosed by the land. The reclamation extends over a rocky shoal adjoining the northern entrance, which would other- wise have formed a source of danger to floating craft.

The breakwater is 3,325 feet ( mile) in length, 192 feet in width at the base, 20 feet in width at the top and 44 feet in height. It is composed of a rubble mound, faced above L.W.O.S.T. with concrete blocks on the outer side and with coursed granite rubble pitching on the inner side, whilst the top is paved with concrete blocks. A trench of an average depth of 9 feet was dredged in the harbour-bottom for the entire length and width of the breakwater prior to the deposition of rubble. The rubble mound is composed of stone varying in weight from cwt. to 5 tons, the total quantity deposited being about 850,000 tons.

P.W.E. Kowloon.

Q 88

The reclamation has an area of nearly 4:30 acres and is pro- tected partly by a pitched slope and partly by a concrete and masonry sea-wall. The pier-head is also of masonry and concrete.

The concrete and masonry pier is 450 feet long by 30 feet wide. It is constructed on a rubble mound which extends to low-water level and is faced on the outer side with rough-punched granite ashlar and on the inner side with coursed granite rubble. The hearting is of lime concrete finished on top with cement concrete paving, 4 inches thick. Landing steps for boats are provided at the inner end.

The area enclosed within the breakwater is 165 acres, the depth of water at L.W.O.S.T. varying from 9 feet to 18 feet,-82% of the enclosed area has a depth exceeding 12 feet at L.W.O.S.T. and 56% has a depth exceeding 15 feet. There are two entrances, the northern of which has a width of 300 feet and the southern, or principal, entrance a width of 390 feet.

In all, 12,453 concrete blocks were used in the work, of which 11,379 were pitching and paving blocks of 2 tons each and the remainder principally foot-blocks for the inner slope, which were of the same weight. The foot-blocks for the two round heads of the breakwater weigh over 5 tons each, whilst those for the outer slope of the breakwater, which are entirely of granite, weigh 3 tons each. The pitching stones for the inner slope of the breakwater number 17,098 and average half a ton in weight.

A balance on the Contract remained outstanding at the close of the year.

In connection with this work, an endeavour was made to ascer- tain the actual amount of settlement which occurs when a mound of rubble is deposited on soft mud, such as is met with over a large area of the harbour. The apparatus employed consisted of an iron grid, 11 feet square, built up of angle irons and flat bars, to which a vertical member was securely attached. The vertical member con- sisted of a steel joist, 10" x 5", graduated in feet and inches and of sufficient length to extend above the platform of the break water when completed. As the base of the breakwater was 192 feet wide, a group of 3 such grids with vertical members was used at each point.

Two such groups were lowered into position at points 1,600 feet apart in the dredged trench before the depositing of rubble to form the mound was begun. Unfortunately, one set was rendered useless at an early stage by a somewhat extensive slip in the rubble mound which dislocated the vertical members to such an extent as to preclude any further observations. The other set remained intact throughout the construction of the breakwater and the following is a record of the settlement shown at the various stages of the work by the central indicator of this set, the measurements given being in each case below the surface of the dredged trench.

1

89

P.W.E. Kowloon,

January 1911-apparatus lowered on to bottom of dredged trench,

into which it sank to the extent of 3′′.

March 1911-rubble mound 15 feet above bottom of trench-settle-

ment 1'2".

July 1912-rubble mound still 15 feet above bottom of trench-

settlement l' 11".

October 1912-rubble mound 37 feet above bottom of trench-

settlement 3' 1".

December 1912-rubble mound still 37 feet above bottom of trench-

settlement 4′ 3′′.

December 1913-rubble mound 39 feet above bottom of trench-~

settlement 5′ 3′′.

April 1914-rubble mound carried up to underside of paving blocks,

42 feet above bottom of trench,-settlement 5′ 6′′.

June 1915-paving blocks set-settlement 6'2".

Further levels will be taken, from time to time, throughout the breakwater with a view to ascertaining what further subsidence takes place.

1915 Estimates,...$212,000.00 | Total Estimates, $2,301,600.00 1915 Sup. Vote,.

13,700.00

$225,700.00

Expenditure to

31/12/15,.....2,181,571.91

1915 Expenditure, 224,975.46

148. Repairing & Coaling Yard for Government_Launches.- The whole of the buildings provided in connection with the Yard, as detailed in paragraph 131 of last year's Report, were completed during the year and a Contract was let to Messrs. Foo Loong & Co. on the 10th December for the erection of the steel pier, the materials for which had arrived from England. It was decided to instal electric power for hauling up vessels on the slipway and a Contract for the supply of the necessary plant was let to the China Light & Power Co. on the 8th October. Under present conditions, no date for delivery of the plant could be specified nor had it arrived by the close of the year. The cradle for the slipway still remained to be

constructed.

1915 Estimates, ..$29,000.00 | Total Estimates, ...$39,000.00

1915 Expenditure,

24,495.59

Expenditure to

31/12/15,

33,876.22

149. Yaumati Market (Old),—Installation of Electric Lights.- Electric light for the general illumination of Yaumati Old Market was installed with 22 lamps of 32 candle-power each, and 2 police lights of 32 candle-power each.

1915 Estimates, ...

1915 Expenditure,

$220.00

187.38

P.W.E. Kowloon.

Q 90

150. Chinese Cemeteries-Laying out new areas.— -A statement of the works carried out under this heading will be found in paragraph 42 of this Report.

1915 Estimates, ..

1915 Expenditure,

.$3,000.00 1,579.58

151. Resumption of Piers.-The remarks in paragraph 129 of this Report apply to this item also.

152. Miscellaneous Works.-The following are the principal items of expenditure under this heading:-

shoot and pier in Saigon Street,

Refuse Depôt, Yaumati,-Removing and re-erecting

$930.21

Filling in pond at junction of Parkes Street with

Jordan Road,

922.92

Repairing and Coaling Yard for Government Launche:-

Supplying bedboards,

$273.91

Installing telephone line to Water Police

Station Exchange,

223.96

497.87

Tsim Sha Tsui Pier :-

$

Providing and fixing cast iron bollards, 313.55 Laying on water supply,

69.04

382.59

Old Police Pier-Demolishing old wooden pier,

325.70

Water Police Station :-

$

Sailmakers' Room-Erecting iron bunks, 158.21 Temporary matshed

for housing

deportees,

195.00

Minor alterations and additional electric

lights,

61.40

414.61

Chatham Road Recreation Ground :-

Providing garden seats,

$138.52

Repairing matshed,

27.00

165.52

Compensation for resumption of Mongkok Lot 53, resumed in connection with the extension of Argyle Street, 1909-1910, (vide p. 33 of Report for 1910)....

1915 Estimates,

1915 Sup. Vote,

1915 Expenditure,

:

115.50

$3,500.00

800.00

$4,300.00

4,033.55

91

P.W.E. Kowloom.

153. Public Health_and_Buildings Ordinance-Compensation and Resumptions.—The purposes of this vote are referred to in para- graph 131 of this Report.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

(1)-Properties Resumed.

$5,000.00

2,895.20

Compensation

paid.

Lot 2421, Survey District No. 1, Shamshuipo,

$435.60

2422,

do.

do.

217.80

""

2141,

do.

do.

217.80

"

2481,

do.

do.

468.00

2345,

do.

do.

849.00

""

Lots 19 and 25, Ho Mun Tin,

$511.50

Deduct contribution by the owners of K.I.L.'s

1283 and 1284,

198.00

313.50

Farm Lots 56, 58 and 59, Mongkok Village,

393.50

The above-mentioned lots were resumed in order that the lay- ing out of future public roads and the development of the districts. concerned may be proceeded with.

(2.)—Scavenging Lanes resumed on pryment of compensation.

As no application for compensation in respect of the lane at the rear of Nos. 107-113 Canton Road, K.M.L. 48, referred to in last year's Report, was received, it was assumed that the lessees had decided to retain possession of the lane. No claim for compensation was received under this sub-head.

(3.)-Scavenging Lanes provided by owners but not surrendered to Government.

In rear of 6 houses in Saigon Road, 6 houses in Cheung Lok Street and 8 houses in Nathan Road, K.I.L. 571 R.P...

Area in Sq. Ft.

1,327.00

Do.

Do.

Do.

7 houses in Nathan Road, K.I.L. 571 R.P.. knitting factory, Nelson and Portland Streets, K.I.L. 1260, Sees. A and B, 3 houses in Kauso Street, K.I.L. 1286,.

676.50

468.00

208.50

154. Additional Filter Bed.-Owing to the increase in the consumption of water, it became necessary to provide another filter bed in addition to the three originally constructed in connection with the Kowloon Water Works Scheme (1902-1910).

Q 92

P.W.E. Kowloon.

A Contract for the work was let on the 4th November and, by the close of the year, the Contractor had completed his preliminary arrangements for carrying it out.

1915 Estimates, ... $18,000.00

1915 Expenditure,

Nil.

Total Estimates, ... $18,000.00 Expenditure to

31 12/15,

Nil.

155. Miscellaneous Water Works.-The following are the items of expenditure un lor this heading, representing in some instances only part of the east of the works in consequace of their execution extending over more than one year :—

(i.) Laying 2" pipe to afford a supply of water at

the filter beds for strl-washing,

(ii.) Relaying 6′′ min. Austin Road,

(iii.) Do. 5" main, Chatham Road,

(iv.) Laying new I'ma in Cox's Path,

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditur,

$ 138.11

353.63 1,195.74 270.22

$2,000.00

1,957.70

Item (i). This work was described in last year's Report.

Item (ii). Owing to alterations in the alignment and levels of Austin Road, it became necessary to take up and relay the water main and this work was accordingly carried out.

Item Gil When the railway was constructed, it was considered advisable to allow the water main to remain in its old position until the embankments, on which the diverted portion of Chatham Road is carried, had become consolidated The main has now been taken connected to the 8" main in

'༔

and relaid in the new road

Gascoigne Road.

I

Item (iv). Owing to a deiency of pressure in the neighbour- hood, it was considered akvisible to lay the additional length of main referred to, which forms part of the general scheme of water mains for supplying the Kowloon Peninsula.

-

P.W.E. NEW TERRITORIES

156. L M Chem Police Station.--The preliminary steps taken in comectin with the erection of this Station were described, in last veur Report (p. 84). The buildings were completed and handed over to the Police early in November. The building is a two-stor. Lone, the ground floor being raised 3 feet above the level of the ground. The accommodation afforded by the main building is as follows:-

Ground Floor.-Charge Room, 15′ 0′′ × 12' 0"; 2 cells; quarters for 10 Indian constables (one room 23′ 0′′ × 18′ 0′′), 8 Chinese constables (one rɔɔm 16′ 0′′ × 15' 0") and 6 boat- men (one room 15' 0" x 12' 9").

+

}

Q 93

P.W.E. New Territories.

First Floor.-Quarters for a sergeant (3 rooms ranging form

18′0′′ × 15′ 0′′ to 15′ 0′′ x 12' 9"; two bathrooms and a small store), and for 1 European constable (two rooms, 18' ()′′ × 12′ 0′′ and 12′ 0′′ × 10′ 3′′ respectively and a bathroom).

Verandahs, 7' 0" wide, are provided along the north front on both floors, whilst a balcony, 4' wide, is provided along the back on the upper floor for giving access to the bathrooms and Servants'

Quarters.

The Servants' Quarters, which are also two-storied, contain 3 kitchens, each 10′ 0′′ × 10′ 0′′, 3 servants' rooms, each 10′ 0′′× 10′ 0′′, and bathrooms and latrines for the Indian and Chinese constables. There is also a lamp-room and coal store in a small adjoining building. A covered-way, 4' 0" wide, is provided along the east side of the Servants' Quarters.

All openings on the ground floor are barred with wrought iron grilles, the front and back entrances being provided with wrought iron gates. The balcony extending along the back of the building on the upper floor is also enclosed with a wrought iron grille, gates being provided where necessary, and the top of the staircase in the main building is similarly protected.

A compound, 54' 0" x 48' 0", is enclosed on the north by the main building, on the west by the servants' quarters and on the remaining two sides by a brick boundary wall, 6' high, finished on top with a coping of cement and broken glass. A barbed wire fence has been erected all round the small plateau on which the Station has been built.

The walls are of Canton red brick built in lime mortar, with the exception of the eastern wall on the top floor which is built in cement mortar, pointed throughout externally in cement mortar. The roofs are of double pan and roll tiling laid on hardwood rafters, supported by steel or timber purlins and timber roof trusses. The floors of rooms on the ground floor are of lime and cement concrete, covered with salt-glazed tiles of local manufacture; those of rooms on the upper floor are of ferro-concrete, covered, in the case of the main building, with hardwood boarding. The verandah floors are laid with cement tiles. The balcony and covered-way are constructed of ferro-concrete. The staircase in the main building is of hardwood and a ferro concrete flight of steps gives access to the balcony and upper floor of the coolie quarters.

An addition to the contract was made, providing for the erec- tion of a boat-house adjoining the Sham Chun River to the north- west of the Station. The shed, which is of timber supported on rolled steel joists, is 42' long by 12' wide and is so arranged that a depth of 3 feet of water is available inside it at lowest tides. At the end of the year, the excavation of the site had been completed, except where landslips had occurred.

1915 Estimates, $19,000.00 | Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

31/12/15,

1915 Expenditure, 18,472.56

$23,000.00

23,251.46

P.W.E. New Territories.

Q F±

www.com

157. Market, Tai 0.—It was decided to postpone the execution of this work and no expenditure was incurred.

158. Tai Po Land Office,-Additions to provide quarters for Bailiff.-As it was found impossible to obtain what was regarded as a satisfactory tender for this work from local Contractors, it was decided to carry out the work departmentally, all plant, labour, materials, etc., being provided directly by the Governinent. Work was begun in July and was practically completed by the end of the

year.

The work consists of the erection of a second storey over a portion of the Tai Po Land Office, the bailag having been origin- ally designed to take a second storey. The accommodation provided includes a living room, 19' 4" x 16' 4", two bedrooms, 16' 4" x 16' 0" and 17' 4"x 17' 0" respectively, a verandah, 19' 0"x8' 0", a hall, 17′ 0′′x8′ 0′′, two bathrooms, a European kitchen, a store, a coal cellar and 3 servants' rooms. An internal coucrete stair gives access to the quarters and an external concrete stair to the servants' quar- ters. Externally the extension is in conformity with the original building, the walls being of brickwork in cement, with granite dressings, the whole being roofed with double pan and roll tiling.

1915 Estimates, 1915 Sup. Vote,

$7,500.00 Total Estimates,

6,480,00

$7,500.00

$13,980.00

Expenditure to

1915 Expenditure, 13,954.89

31/12/15,

13,954.89

159. Police Station,-Ta Ku Linj.-It was decided to postpone the execution of this work and no expenditure was incurred.

160.

Rouds

(a.) Extension at Castle Peak Bay, including construction of Pier. This work was fully described in last year's Report (p. 85). The road and pier were completed by the end of March.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

$1,000.00 Total Estimates,

716.58

$11,600.00

Expenditure to

31,1215,

11,240.00

(b.) Tai Po to Fan Ling, including bridg of river. This road was fully described in last year's Report (p. §.)..

The whole of the work was finally competed in June and all liabilities were discharged before the close of the year.

1915 Estimates, ...$ 6,000.00 Total Estates,

| 1915 Sup. Vote, ... 10,810.09

$16,810 09 Expenditure to 1915 Expenditure, 16,810.09 31/12/15,

...$46,000.00

53,592.34

}

95

P.W.E. New Territories.

The total cost of the work ($53,592.34) includes a sum of $4,315.44 spent on widening that portion of the road extending from the Shataukok Light Railway to the road leading to the Fanling Golf Course. The estimate of $46,000 included no provision for this work.

Two sums, amounting in all to $71.11, which had been drawn for payment of compensation in respect of land resumed in connec- tion with the widening of the road were refunded to the Treasury.

(c.) Kam Tin to Fanling through Ha Tsia Gap, Section A.— It was decided to postpone the execution of this work and no expenditure was incurred on it.

(d.) Castle Peak to Shataukok,—Bridge over Au Tau Creek.- The bridging of the Au Tau Creek, which is necessary in order to connect up the portions of road to the north and south of that waterway and so make available throughout for wheeled traffic the road which now extends from Kowloon Point, viâ Taipo and Fanling, to Castle Peak Bay, a distance of 41 miles,-was under- taken, a Contract for the work being let in May to Mr. Ah Fung. Considerable lengths of the road have a width of only 6 feet, but by far the greater portion has a minimum width of 14 feet and it is intended to widen the remainder to 20 feet.

The bridge is being constructed throughout of ferro-concrete, supported on ferro-cone piles and, by the close of the year, the whole of the piles (481mber) had been made and 31 of them had been driven down to hard bottom. The depth to which the piles have been driven below the surface of the ground varies from 12 to 18 feet.

A Contract was let-in August to one of the local Village Elders for forming the earthwork approaches to the bridge, the necessary material for which is being obtained from an extensive mangrove swamp adjoining the creek. The excavation which is being executed in order to obtain material for forming the embankments will result in improving the stream-course. Satisfactory progress had been made with the work, which is partly tidal, at the close of the year.

1915 Estimates, $26,000.00 | Total Estimates, ...$29,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/15,

1915 Expenditure,

10,350.76

10,350.76

(e.) Fanling to Castle Peak Bay,-Widening to 20 feet the section extending from road leading to Fanling Golf Course to San Tin Village (3-6 miles). -Two Contracts for the execution of the neces- sary earthworks were let in July to the local Village Elders, the portion of road dealt with being divided into two convenient sections for this purpose, whil a third Contract was similarly let for extending the culverts mit of the widening of the road. was decided not to wide the 3-span (75 feet) bridge at Kam Tsun which is at present 14 feet wide.

It

P.W.E. New Territories.

96

―c

Good progress was made with the work, the extensions of the culverts being completed by the end of October. The earthworks, which included surfacing the road and turfing slopes of embank- ments, were completed by the end of the year, with the exception of a small length near San Tin which was not undertaken until towards the end of November. The total length of road dealt with was 3:6 miles.

As originally constructed, this portion of the road had a width generally of 8 feet, but, where surplus material had been. available from cuttings, it had been utilized to widen short lengths of it to 14 feet. It has now been widened to 20 feet throughout, except at the 3-span bridge already alluded to.

The cost of the resumptions of land required for the widening amounted to $636.11.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

|

14,241.82

$14,500.00 Total Estimates, ...$14,500.00

Expenditure to 31/12/15,..

..14,241.82

(f.) Kowloon Reservoir to Tai Wai,-Cutting_back_corners. (g.) Sha Kong to Ping Shan.

It was decided to postpone the execution of these works and no expenditure was incurred on either of them.

(h.) General Works. The following is a statement of the works executed under this heading:--

(i.) Constructing 16-foot road, 1,200 feet in length, past Tai Po Market, extending from the end of the Tai Po Road, (completed in 1904), to the commencement of the road to Fanling, (com- pleted in 1915),

(ii) Laying granite setts and Portland cement con- crete, including channelling on the west side, and surfacing lanes on the east and south sides, of a portion of N.K.I.L. 48 (Shamshuipo), (completed),

$2,213.67

340.40

(iii.) Kerbing and channelling and laying granolithic paving on the west side of N.K.I.L. 54 (Sham- shuipo), (completed),

294.09

(iv.) Kerbing and channelling on the south side of N.K.I.L. 46 (Shamshuipo), (completed),

148.46

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

...$3,000,00 2,996.62

161. Bridge over Sha Tin River, Government Contribution.

Payment of this sum ($1,000) was made in 1914, being defrayed

from the Vote "Miscellaneous Works".

Q 97

P.W.E. New Territories.

162. Training stream behind Old Railway Bungalows,—Tai Po. This work was continued from last year and was completed in February. The length trained in 1915 was 350 feet.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,.. 1,972.95

$2,000.00 | Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

31/12/15,......

...$4,000.00

3,952.13

163. Miscellaneous Drainage Works. The following were the items of work carried out under this heading during the year:

(i.) Construction of wooden troughing to drain

'large pool north of N.K.I.L. 41, (completed). ...$ 180.04 (ii.) Construction of 24" cement concrete sewer in road west of N.K.I.L. 48 and of 6" pipe sewer in scavenging lane between N.K.I.L.'s 47 and 48, (completed),

(iii.) Drain connections (2) and other minor works,

1.428.50

(completed),

1915 Estimates,

59.37

$2,000.00

1,667.91

1915 Expenditure,

164. Reclamation at Tai 0.

Tai Po Fish Pond—Raising Bund, etc.

Sai Kung Harbour Station—Ertension of existing landing stage. It was decided to postpone the execution of the whole of these works and no expenditure was incurred on any of them.

165. Chinese Cemeteries-Laying out new areas. -A state- ment of the works carried out under this heading will be found in paragraph 42 of this Report.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

..$500.00

275.27

166. Tai 0 Police Station,—Parade Ground. —An area of land, 100' x 100', to the east of the Station was levelled and turfed to form a parade ground for the Police.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

..$300.00 259.34

167. Turfing round Cheung Chau Police Station. It was decided to postpone the execution of this work and no expenditure was incurred on it.

168. Miscellaneous Works.-The following are the principal items of expenditure under this heading :-

Contribution towards cost of bridge near Tsai Kok,

Lam Tsun Valley,

$400.00

P.W.E. New Territories.

Kat O Police Station :-

98

New jalousies, shelving and windows,... $207.58 Materials supplied for well,

159.24

$366.82

328.04

158.11

Sai Kung Police Station-Fixing wire gauze to

verandah openings, etc.,

Shamshuipo Improvement Scheme-Fixing notice

boards, taking down and removing houses.

མ་་

Sheung Shui Police Station :-

Constructing drying room, etc.

$ 82.21

Teak screen in verandah,

49.58

131.79

Tai Po Road--Constructing cement concrete culvert

near 9th milestone,

128.95

Lai Chi Kok Quarantine Station-Constructing

covered-way and partition,

110.00

Contribution towards cost of repairing foundation of

a bridge near San Hui, Castle Peak Valley,

100.00

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

$3,000.00 1,928.59

WORKS NOT APPEARING IN ESTIMATES.

HONGKONG.

169. Exhumations at Kailungian Cemetery. At the instance of the Head of the Sanitary Department, a supplementary vote of $1,800 was taken towards providing for the exhumation of 1,000 graves in Kailungwan Cemetery, in order to render certain areas available for further interments. No payment was however made during the year and the amount voted lapsed.

170. Catch waters at Tytam Tuk.-Owing to the threatened severe drought, it was considered advisable, in September, to under- take the construction of certain catchwaters at Tytam Tuk with a view to rendering available, as speedily as possible, the waters of some streams in the neighbourhood, outside the catchment area of the new low-level reservoir, and a sum of $24,000 was voted for this purpose. The rainfall of October rendered it unnecessary however to proceed with the work and the expenditure was confined to a sum of $883.88 for work which had been undertaken prior to the rains referred to. Accounts amounting to $441.70 remained out- standing at the close of the year.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

$442.18

171. Compensation for pathway along the eastern boundary of Eurasian Cemetery.—The pathway in question forms a portion of a very useful pathway, extending from the Mount Davis Gap to Kennedy Town, by far the greater portion of which is a public pathway. The portion in question was however situated within the

Hongkong.

Q 99

boundaries of the Cemetery and had been constructed by the Cemetery Authorities and, owing to the configuration of the ground, it was not possible to construct a public pathway in place of it, except at prohibitive cost. As the Cemetery Authorities desired to acquire some additional land, arrangements were made whereby they surrendered the portion in question to Government, on payment of compensation, the entire pathway thus becoming a public one. Through an oversight, payment of the compensation was not made before the close of the year and the amount voted ($2,500) lapsed.

KOWLOON.

172. Conversion of a portion of old Pumping Station at Yau- mati into a Branch Post Office.-As it was desired to establish a Branch Post Office at Yaumati and as the old Pumping Station, now disused, was sufficiently central for the purpose, a portion of it was utilized, the necessary alterations being made.

1915 Estimates,...

1915 Expenditure,

$1,493.54

173. Kowloon British School,- -Alterations to Latrines and Urinals.—The latrine and lavatory accommodation was improved throughout the school. Porcelain commodes were substituted for the old wooden ones, a tier of 4 glazed earthenware urinals was installed and stoneware basins with slate tops were substituted for the old iron basins.

1915 Estimates, 1915 Expenditure,

$999.10

174. Dredging off Kowloon Point.-By arrangement with the Hongkong & Kowloon Wharf & Godown Co., Ltd., the Government undertook to dredge to a depth of 30 feet below Low Water of Spring Tides an extensive area at Kowloon Point for the purpose of enabling large ocean-going steamers to approach and be berthed at all states of the tide alongside a pier, 650 feet in length, which the Company contemplated erecting opposite the area formerly occupied by the Police Basin but surrendered to the Company under the exchanges referred to in paragraph 134 of the Report for 1912.

The Company agreed to contribute the sum of $12,000 towards the cost of the work, that being the estimated cost of dredging the berths alongside the pier. A Supplementary Vote of $25,000.00 was taken under the heading "Salaries of Master, Engineer and Crew and running expenses of Dredger St. Enoch" (F.M. 28).

As already mentioned in paragraph 63 of this Report, the Dredger "St. Enoch underwent an extensive overhaul, the cost of which was charged to the Vote "Upkeep of Plant". Dredging operations were begun on the 20th July and, by the close of the year, the berthing areas alongside the pier had been dredged to their full depth, with the exception of some sinall patches which could be

Kowloon.

Q 100

most economically dealt with by the Government grab dredger. Towards the close of the year, a commencement was made with the dredging of the western approach to the pier. In all, about 30,000 cubic yards of material was dredged and dumped in Cheung Sha Wan Bay. Operations were greatly hampered by breakdowns, resulting generally from the worn-out condition of much of the apparatus and gear on board the dredger and also by the difficulty, under existing conditions, of finding reliable and experienced officers to take charge of the vessel.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

$17,397.40

NEW TERRITORIES.

175. Compensation for resumption of land on Junk Island.--- The old Customs Station at Futauchau or Junk Island had been leased, but, as artillery practice from the Lyemun Forts is at times. carried out in the direction of the island, it became necessary to cancel the lease, the lessee being compensated in the sum of $100.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

$400.00

176. Compensation for resumption of Lot 2546, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo.—Prior to the acquisition of the New Territories, the property in question was occupied and owned by the Imperial Chinese Telegraphs Administration. As the lot obstructed the carrying out of the improvement scheme now in progress, it was resumed by Government on payment of compensation.

1915 Estimates, 1915 Expenditure,

$2,000.00

177. Compensation for resumption of Lots 2418-2420, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo.—In the majority of cases, exchanges of land are 'being effected to admit of carrying out the improvement scheme now in progress, but, in the case of the 3 lots mentioned, the parties refused to accept the areas offered to them and asked for compensa- tion, which was paid to them.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

$1,524.00

178. Improvement of Ap Liu Village,—Compensation for Lots resumed.—A number of the villagers declined to accept the amounts awarded to them in 1914 as compensation for their houses. They have now, in several cases, accepted the amounts. The statement made in paragraph 154 of last year's Report that the claims of the villagers were finally disposed of was incorrect. There are still a few cases outstanding.

1915 Estimates, 1915 Expenditure,

$1,633.78

Q 101

New Territories.

179. Exhumations at Po Kong Po Cemetery.-Consequent upon the closing of this cemetery, considerable exhumations were carried out under the direction of the Head of the Sanitary Depart- ment. The area occupied by the cemetery, which is near Kowloon City, will be required in connection with the development of the district.

1915 Estimates,

1915 Expenditure,

$2,901.62

WORKS DEFRAYED FROM FUNDS NOT

HONGKONG.

PROVIDED UNDER P.W.E. VOTES.

180. Range (30 yards above Kennely Road. —As it was found that, during wet weather, the surface of the ricochet pit became very muddy and the slopes of the bank forming the butts tended to slide, the surface of the pit was covered with cement coacrate, 4′′ thick; channels were formed to take away the rain water and the banks were turfed. The cost of the work, amounting to $300.23, was defrayed from Volunteer funds.

181. Blake Garden Trough Closet. This work was fully des- cribed in last year's Report (p. 92). It was completed in March, the expenditure during the year amounting to $1,612.45.

As explained in last year's Report, the cost was defrayed from funds contributed by the Chinese Y.M.C.A. under the arrangement whereby that body acquired Inland Lot 2048.

182. Volunteer Headquarters-Armoury Store-Improving ventilation and lighting.—This work was undertaken on behalf of the Hongkong Volunteer Corps.

The improvements consisted of fixing ventilating gratings in openings cut in the floor of the drill hall, which extends over the Store, and of fixing two Luxfer Roadway Lights also in the floor of the drill hall. The glass panels in the large entrance doors were removed, iron grilles being substituted for them. The cost of the work, amounting to $437.14, was defrayed from Volunteer funds.

183. New Fort west end of Salisbury Road.--To admit of the construction of a fort at the west end of Salisbury Road, it was found necessary to extend the stormwater drain in the Hongkong & Kowloon Wharf & Godown Co.'s premises, in order to provide for the discharge of stormwater. Three single new type gullies were also constructed and several old drains were filled in. The cost of the work, amounting to $504.52, was defrayed from War Depart- ment funds.

Staff, etc.

year:

Q 102

Staff, etc.

184. The deaths of the following Officers occurred during the

Mr. W. Dobbs, First Class Overseer, 18th March.

Mr. A. Dayes, Engineer, Dredger "St. Enoch ", 10th July.

Mr. N. A. Beltran, Third Grade House Service Inspector,

2nd July.

Mr. A. C. Marques, Temporary Foreman, 21st February.

185. The following Officer retired on pension on account of ill-health :-

Mr. Tsang Sau, Fifth Grade Foreman, 17th November.

186. The following Officers left the service of the Department during the year :-

Mr. F. H. Kales, Assistant Engineer.

Mr. H. E. Hendy, First Class Overseer.

Mr. R. C. Dixon,

Mr. G. Moonan, Overseer.

do.

Mr. I. U. Mirza, First Grade Clerk.

Mr. Fong Yau-leung, Sixth Grade Tracer.

Mr. Do Kam-loi, Temporary Tracer.

Mr. Chan Siu, Fifth Grade Foreman.

Mr. A. Fernandez, Foreman.

Mr. L. A. Sales,

do.

Mr. Yeung Samu,

do

Mr. Li Ping,

do.

Mr. Yeung Hing,

do.

Mr. Mak Woon,

do.

Mr. Chan Sing,

do.

Mr. Tang Choy,

do.

Mr. Yan Ping-u,

do.

Mr. Li Yau,

do.

Mr. Ng Kam-shing, do.

-

J

Q 103

Mr. Chan Shing, Foreman.

Mr. Chan Shun,

do.

and numerous other Officers of subordinate rank.

187. The following appointments were made :-

Mr. John Grant, Overseer.

Mr. S. R. Jones,

do.

Mr. A. Gillan, Master, Dredger "St. Enoch ".

Mr. A. Dayes, Engineer,

Mr. A. Gray,

do.,

do.

do.

Staff, etc.

Mr. J. S. dos Remedios, First Grade Clerk.

Mr. John Lee, Custodian, Public Recreation Grounds.

Mr. D. J. dos Santos, Third Grade House Service Inspector.

Mr. N. A. Beltran,

Mr. D. J. M. Fernandez,

do.

do.

Mr. Chan Yan,

Foreman.

Mr. Fong Yuk-shan,

do.

Mr. Yeung Kam-yuen, do.

Mr. Lee Wai-lam,

do.

Mr. Leung Yau, Boatswain, Dredger "St. Enoch ".

Mr. Chun Sze, Quarter Master,

Mr. Kwok Foo, Winchman,

do.

do.

Mr. Fung Tso, do.

do.

Mr. Ng Tsung, Second Engineer,

do.

Mr. Chow Fok, Third

do.,

do.

and numerous other Officers of subordinate rank.

188. The following Officers joined and left the service of the

Department during the year:-

Mr. W. D. Southam, Second Class Overseer.

Mr. E. Potts, Engineer, Dredger "St. Enoch ".

Mr. Tsang Po,

Mr. Yu Ping,

Foreman.

do.

• Mr. Li Ping,

do.

Mr. Li Kam-shang,

do.

Staff, etc.

Mr. Chow Tin, Foreman.

Mr. Au Kwong

do.

Mr. Chow Kee,

do.

Q 104

and numerous other Officers of subordinate rank.

189. The following Officers left and re-joined the service of the Department during the year :--

Mr. Hon Tsung-kan, Tracer.

Mr. Kong Yung, Foreman.

Mr. Charles Tye, do.

190. Mr. Ko Ha-chun, fourth grade clerk, was transferred to the Prison Department on promotion and Mr. Chan Ming, fifth grade clerk, Kowloon-Canton Railway, was transferred to succeed Mr. Ko.

191. The following Officers returned from long leave and resumed duty on the dates mentioned:

Mr. H. T: Jackman, First Grade Executive Engineer, 21st

February.

Mr. David Wood, Superintendent of Accounts, Correspondence

and Stores, 21st February.

Mr. J. Duncan, Assistant Engineer, 23rd November.

Mr. J. W. White, First Grade Assistant Engineer, 31st

October.

Mr. L. O. Ross, Second Grade Assistant Engineer, 1st De-

cember.

Mr. J. J. Bryan, Drainage Surveyor, 30th August.

Mr. J. H. Kynoch, First Class Overseer, 19th March.

192. The following Officers were granted local leave :---

Mr. D. Jaffé, Special Engineer, 6 weeks.

Mr. I. M. Xavier, First Grade Assistant Engineer, 4 weeks. Mr. H. E. Goldsmith, First Grade Assistant Engineer, 6 weeks.

Mr. J. Mackay, Land Bailiff, 1 month.

Mr. Tsang Sau, Foreman, 6 weeks.

W. CHATHAM, C.M.G., M.I.C.E..

Director of Public Works.

PUBLIC WORKS OFFICE,

HONGKONG, 3rd July, 1916.

4

L

Q 105

Annexe A.

ANNUALLY RECURRENT EXPENDITURE, 1915.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS,

ESTABLISHMENT.

Personal Emoluments and Exchange Com-

pensation,

Other Charges,

PROVISI-

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE. ONALLY BALANCE.

('.

"'.

VOTED.

ifs

EXCESS.

(.

$

ር.

417,691 40,672

362,111.58 37,167.14

55,579.42 3,504.86

14,171.57 69,750.99

4,644.00

8,148.86

$458,363 399,278.72

59,094.28 18,815.57 77,899.85

Special Expenditure.

Typewriter....

275

Furniture,

1,000

285.79 136.25

10.79

10.79

863.75

863.75

1,275

422.04

10.79

863.75

10.79

863.75

PUBLIC WORKS RECURRENT.

HONGKONG.

Buildings.

1. Maintenance of Buildings,.

$6,000

68,956.82 2,956.82

2,800.00

156,82

2. Improvements to Buildings,

9,000

8,910.95

89.05

3. Maintenance of Lighthouses,

4,500

4,397.47

102.53

89.05 102.53

Communications.

6. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges

outside City,

5. Improvements to Roads and Bridges

in City,

4. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in

City,

76,000

77,215.25 1.215.25

500.00

715.25

25,000

24,991.02

8.98

30,000

29.910.48

:

:

8.98

89.52

7. Improvements to Roads and Bridges

outside City.

5,000

4,700.45

299.55

:

:

89.52

299.55

8. Maintenance of Telephones, including

all Cables,

6,500

5,680.69

819.31

:

819.31

:.

:

Drainage.

9. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,

16,000

15,371.97

628.03

:

628.03

Lighting.

10. Gas Lighting, City and Suburbs and

Hill District,

49,000

50,244.22 1,244.22

1,400.00

155.78

11. Electric Lighting, City, Hill District

and Shaukiwan,

24,500

24,089.05

410.95

410.95

Miscellaneous.

13.

12. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

Public Cemetery,

6,000

5,324.37

675.63

675.63

2,500

2,368.92 |

131.08

131.08

14.

Chinese Cemeteries,

4,500

849.35

3,650.65

3,650.65

15.

Public Recreation

Grounds,.

3,000

16. Dredging Foreshores,

12,000

17. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,...

24,000

3,361.55 6,346.18 3,307.10

361.55

380.00

18. (a) Stores Depreciation,

4,800

Cr.

.5,042,54

5,653.82 20,692.90 9,842.54

18.45 5,653.82 20,692.90 9,842.54

(6)

Compensation

for Damages to Junk..........

19. Upkeep of Plant

20. Maintenance of City and Hill District,

5,000

400.00 400.00 29.277.73 24.277.73

400.00

24,300.00

22.27

Water Works.

21.

Shaukiwan,

"

Aberdeen,

75,000

70,935.17

1,000 500

997.27 255.58

4,061,83 2.73 244.42

4,064.83 2.73 244.42

4500 0O

76 49 3

Annexe A.

ANNUALLY RECURRENT EXPENDITURE, 1915.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

VOTED.

PROVISI-

ESTIMATED, ACTUAL. INCREASE, DECREASE. ONALLY BALANCE.

ESTABLISHMENT.

Personal Emoluments and Exchange Com-

pensation,.....

Other Charges,

C.

417,691 40,672

362,111.58 37,167.14

$458,363 399,278.72

C

$

༤;

EXCESS.

55,579.42 3,504.86

14,171.57 4,644.00

59,084.28 18,815,57

69,750.99

8,148.86

18,815.5777,899.85

¿

::

A

Special Expenditure.

Typewriter,.....

275

Furniture,

1,000

285.79 136.25

10.79

10.79

863.75

863.75

1,275

422.04

10.79

863.75

10.79

863.75

PUBLIC WORKS RECURRENT.

HONGKONG.

Buildings.

1. Maintenance of Buildings,..

$6,000

68,956.82 2,956.82

2,800.00

...

156.82

2. Improvements to Buildings,

9,000

8,910.95

3. Maintenance of Lighthouses,

4,500

4,397.47

89.05 102.53

89.05 102.53

Communications.

4. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in

City,

76,000

77,215.25

1,215.25

5. Improvements to Roads and Bridges

in City,

25,000

24,991.02

8.98

6. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges

ontside City,

30,000

29,910.48

89.52

7. Improvements to Roads and Bridges

outside City,

5,000

4,700.45

8. Maintenance of Telephones, including

all Cables,

6,500 5,680.69

:

:

299.55

819.31

Drainage.

9. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,

16,000

15,371.97

628.03

:

:

:

:

500.00

715.25

8.98

89.52

299.55

819.31

628.03

Lighting.

:

:

:

:

11. Electric Lighting, City, Hill District

and Shankiwan,

10. Gas Lighting, City and Suburbs and

Hill District,

49,000 50,244.22 1,244.22

24,500 24,089.05

...

410.95

1,400.00

155.78

:

410.95

Miscellaneous.

13.

12. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

Public Cemetery,

6,000

5,324.37

2,500

2,368.92

14.

4,500

15.

""

Grounds,

3,000

12,000 6,346.18

24,000

4,800

3,307.10 Cr.5,042.52

(b)

19

Compensation for Damages to Junk,...

400.00 5,000、 29.277.73

Water Works.

Chinese Cemeteries, Public Recreation

16. Dredging Foreshores,

17. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,...

18. (a) Stores Depreciation,

19. Upkeep of Plant

20. Maintenance of City and Hill District,

21.

22.

,,

Shaukiwan, Aberdeen, 23. Water Account, (Meters, &c.),

15

Carried forward,

75,000 1,000 500 7,500

70,935.17

997.27 255.58 11,923.51

4,061,83 2.73 244.42

4,064.83

4,423.51

4,500.00

2.73 244.42 76.49

457,300 454,857.64 34,879.08 47,406.52 33,880.00 47,679.51 1,272.07

47,679.511,272.07

849.35

675.63 131.08 3,650.65

675.63

131.08 3,650.65

3,361.55

361.55

380.00

5,653.82 20,692.90 9,812.51

18.45 5,653.82 20,692.90 9,842.54

400.00 24,277.73

100.00

24,300.00

22.27

...

Q 106

ANNEXE A,-Continued.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED.

ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE.

PROVISI-

ONALLY BALANCE. VOTED.

$

C.

$

Brought forward,

457,300

C. $$3 454,857.64 | 34,879.08 | 47,406.52

C.

$ C. 33,880.00

$

KOWLOON.

EXCESS.

c. $ C.

47.679.51 | 1,272.07

Buildings.

24. Maintenance of Buildings, 25. Improvements to Buildings,

Communications.

13,000

12,851.80

148.20

"1,000

994.96

5.04

::

148.20

5.01

26. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,

28,000

27,921.89

27. Improvements to Roads and Bridges,... 28. Maintenance of Telephones,

4,000

3,999.19

2,500

1,730.39

:

Drainage.

29. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,.

6,000

5,412.80

78.11

.81

.81

/769.61

769.61

587.20

78.11

587.20

:

Lighting.

30. Gas Lighting, ...

12,000

11,960.49

39.51

31. Electric Lighting,

2,000

2,093.31

93.31

200.00

39.51 106.69

Miscellaneous.

33.

32. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

Chinese Cemeteries,

1,500

1,507.00

7.00

7.00

1,000

28.50

34. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

5,000

758.71

971.50 4,241.29

971,50

4,241.29

::

Water Works.

35. Maintenance of Water Works, 36. Water Account, (Meters, &c.),

9,000

9,893.78

3,000

4,363.52

893.78 1,363.52

...

2,000.00 2,300.00

1,106.22

936.48

NEW TERRITORIES.

Buildings.

37. Maintenance of Buildings,-Islands in

Southern District,

38. Improvements to Buildings,-Islands

in Southern District,

39. Maintenance of Buildings,-Mainland

and Islands in Northern District,... 40. Improvements to Buildings,--Mainland and Islands in Northern District,......

Communications.

1,500

1,300.84

199.16

199.16

500

500.00

500.00

6,500 6,554.95

500

218.30

54.95

60.00

5.05

281.70

281.70

41. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,-

Mainland,

14,000

42. Improvements to Roads and Bridges,

-Mainland,

2,000

13,868.79

1,999.71

131.21

.29

:

:

43. Maintenance of Telephones,-Main-

land,

4,000

1,209.45

2,790.55

131.21

.29

2,790.55

:

:

:

:

:.

Drainage.

44. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,

-Mainland,

500

400.85

99.15

99.15

...

Miscellaneous.

45. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,

Mainland,

500

101.28

:

46. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

Islands in Southern District,

500

174.84

:

398.72

398.72

...

325.16

325,16

47. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

Mainland and Islands in Northern District,

2,500

2,182.63

317.37

317.37

Water Works.

48. Maintenance of Laichikok,.

1,500

1,686.93

186.93

350,00

163.07

:

49. Water Account, (Meters, &c.).-Main-

land,

500

460.56

39.44

39.44

563,490.57

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE.

PROVISI-

ONALLY BALANCE. VOTED.

EXCESS.

Brought forward,

KOWLOON.

Buildings.

24. Maintenance of Buildings,

25. Improvements to Buildings,

Communications.

$

c. $ C. 157,300 454,857.64 | 34,879.08 | 47,406.52

$ C. 33.880.00

('. $ C.

47,679.51

1,272,07

13,000

12,851,80

148.20

*1,000

994.96

5.04

148.20 5.04

26. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,

28,000

27,921.89

27. Improvements to Roads and Bridges,... 28. Maintenance of Telephones,

4,000

3,999.19

2,500

1,730.39

78.11

78.11

.81

.81

769.61

769.61

Drainage.

29. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,.

6,000

5,412.80

...

587.20

587.20

Lighting.

30. Gas Lighting,.

12,000

11,960.49

39.51

31. Electric Lighting,

2,000

2,093.31

93.31

200.00

39.51 106.69

Miscellaneous.

32. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

1,500

1,507.00

7.00

7.00

33.

Chinese Cemeteries, .

1,000

28.50

""

34. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

5,000

758.71

971.50 4,241.29

971.50 1,241.29

Water Works.

35. Maintenance of Water Works, 36. Water Account, (Meters, &c.),

9,000

9,893.78

893.78

3,000

4,363.52 1,363.52

2,000.00 2,300.00

1,106.22

936.48

NEW TERRITORIES.

Buildings.

37. Maintenance of Buildings,-Islands in

Southern District,

38. Improvements to Buildings,-Islands

in Southern District,

39. Maintenance of Buildings,—Mainland

and Islands in Northern District,... 40. Improvements to Buildings,--Mainland and Islands in Northern District,........

Communications.

1,500

1,300.84

199.16

199.16

500

500.00

500.00

6,500

500

6,554.95

218.30

54.95

60.00

5.05

281.70

281.70

41. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,-

Mainland,

14,000

13,868.79

131.21

42. Improvements to Roads and Bridges,

-Mainland,

2,000

1,999.71

43. Maintenance of Telephones,—Main-

land,

4,000

1,209.45

Drainage.

44. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,

---Mainland,

500

400.85

Miscellaneous.

45. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,-

Mainland,

500

101.28

:

:

:

.29

2,790.55

:

131.21

.29

2,790.55

:

:

99.15

...

99.15

:

16. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,-

Islands in Southern District,

500

174.84

398.72

398.72

...

325.16

325.16

47. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,-

Mainland and Islands in Northern District,

2,500

2,182.63

317.37

317.37

:

:

Water Works.

48. Maintenance of Laichikok,

1,500

1,686.93

186.93

350.00

163.07

49. Water Account, (Meters, &c.),—Main-

land,

500

160.56

39.44

39.44

563,490.57

Less credit resulting from transactions ·

in connection with Stores De- preciation,

Total,..

5,042.54

580,300 558,448.03 37,478.57 59,330.54

59,330.54 | 38,790.00

61,921.04|1,279.07

݂ܕ

Q 107

Annexe B.

EXTRAORDINARY EXPENDITURE, 1915.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL.

PROVISION-

INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY BALANCE. EXCESS.

VOTED.

HONGKONG.

Buildings.

1. New Magistracy.

*:

##

****

C.

+F

C.

C.

7

2. Old Western Market,

12,000 8,000

19,690.61

7,690,61

7,750.00

8,000.00

59.39 8,000.00

3. Public

Works Department,-New

Stores,................

18,000

17,984.37

15.63

15.63

4. Quarters for Subordinate Officers,-

Mount Parish,

5,000

2,586.78

2,413.22

2,413.22

5. Wireless Telegraphy Station,—Cape

D'Aguilar,

80,000

55,505.93

24,494.07

24,494.07

6. Married Quarters for Police,--Caine

Road,

11,500

51,140.80

7. Gaol Extension,

L

New Block,

27,500

28,422.04

9,640.80 922.04

9,690.00

49.20

922.04

8. Queen's College Improvements,. 9. Hill District School,

10,000

182.44

9,817.56

9,817.56

22,000

29,650.14

7,650.14

8,800.00

1,149.86

10. Public Latrines,- D'Aguilar Street,. 11. Government Villas, Peak, ---Additions, 12. Government Civil Hospital,--New

2,000

1,541.09

458.91

458.91

13,000

13,000.00

13,000.00

Stores,

12,000

12,000.00

12,000.00

13. Government Schools,-Additions to

Victoria British School,...................

6,500

6,500,00

6,500.00

14. Public Bathhouse below Belilios

Public School,

3,000

3,000,00

3,000.00

15. Rented Quarters for European Sub-

ordinates, Leighton Hill,

60,000

60,000.00

60,000,00

:

:

16. Quarters for Subordinate Officers,-

Happy Valley,.

!

50,000

17. Extension of Central Police Station,...

50,000

6,682.85 244,362.60

43,317,15

43,317.15

194,362.60

245,000.00 50,637.40

Communications.

18. Roads:-

(a) Victoria Gap to High West Gap,-Lugard Road Exten- sion,

10,000

(b) Aberdeen to Deep Water Bay,.

36,000

28,957.13

10,000.00

7,042.87

10,000,00

7,042.87

(c) Deep Water Bay to Stanley and Stanley to Shaukiwan,- Improvements,

5,000

5,000.00

5,000.00

(d) General Works,.

5,000

11,566.90

6,566.90:

6,620.00

53.10

19. Paving of Main Roads,

60,000

10,175.35

49,824.65

19,824.65

20. Bonham Strand West,-Paving,

6,000

5,837.30

162.70

162.70

21. New Road on east side of Leighton Hill to I. L. 1947,.............

4,000

4,000.00

4,000.00

22. Improvements to Wongneiehong

Road,

3,000

3,000.00

3,000.00

23. Pathway from Kennedy Road to Macdonnell Road on west side

of Peak Tram,.

2,100

2,100.00

2,100.00

24. Improvements to Queen's and Garden

Roads corner,

1,800

1,800.00

1,800.00

25. Path from Queen's Road East to

Kennedy Road between I. L.'s 2072 and 2079,.......

1,800

214.02

1,585.98

1,585.98

Drainage.

26. Training Nullabs :-

(a) South-West of Marine Lot 239 & Inland Lot 1355,..

4,000

1,269.62

2,730.38

2,730.38

Carried forward,.....$ 359,200 515,769.97 226,833.09 270,263.12 277,860.00 322,212.07

922.04

:

('.

Q 108

ANNEXE B,-Continued.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL.

PROVISION- INCREASE. | DECREASE. ALLY.

VOTED.

BALANCE. EXCESS.

$

c.

r.

C 1¦

('.

Brought forward,.........

559,200

515,769.97

226,833.09 270,263.12 277,860.00 322,212.07

Hongkong,-Continued,

(b) Mount Kellett,.

5,009

5,000.00

5,090.00

(c) Aberdeen,....

7,000

1.012.85

5,987.15

5,987.15

(d) Magazine Gap District,

7,000

3,708.21

3,291.76

3,291.76

(e) Wongneichong Village,-Ex-

tension of two nullahs east

and west of I. L. 1926,

9.700

5,231.46

4,468.54

4,468.54

(f) General Works,

5,000

1,065.16

3,934.84

3,934.84

27. Flushing Tanks and Iron Pipes,

1,500

1,500,00

1,500.00

28. Miscellaneous Drainage Works................

30,000

10,771.23

19,228.77

19,228.77

Lighting.

29. Extensions of Lighting,

30. Shankiwan Lighting,

1,000

350!

917.41 349.40

82.59 .60

82.59

.60

Miscellaneous.

efa

C.

922.04

31. Telephone Cable across Harbour,

8,000

2.70

7,997.30

7,997.30

32. Chinese Cemeteries,-Laying out ter-

races,

4,000

1,124.34

2,875.66

2,875.66

...

33. Survey of Colony,

3,000

3,164.95

161.95

165.00

.05

34. Now Pillar Boxes, and new Tablets

for same,...

3,000

1,986.68

.......

1,013.32

1,013.32

35. G. P. O.,-Shelving in Registration

and Parcels Branch,

1,600

1,596.10

3.90

36. Boundary Stones,

1,000

1,179.10

179.10

200.00

3.90 20.90

37. Statue Square,—Railings round four

Statues,

800

800.00

800.00

38. Police Station, Shaukiwan,-Relay-

ing Compound,

600

596.68

3.32

:

3.32

39. Extension of Chair Coolies Shelter,

near Hongkong Club,....

600

504.72

95.28

95.28

40. Installing Electric Lights in Shauki-

wau and Tsat Tsz Mui Police Stations and in Shaukiwan and Sai Wan Ho Markets,

530

562.60

32.60

35.00

2.40

41. Installing Electric Lights in Wautsai

and Saiyingpun Markets,

405

284.91

120.09

120,09

:

:

:

:

42. Colonial Secretary's Office, Extra

lights and fans,

250

244.76

5.24

5.24

43. Colonial Secretary's Office,—Improve- ments to Record Room,

1.200

1,800.75

100.75

140.00

39.25

...

44. Ellis Kadoorie School,-Electric fans

and lights,

1,600

1,580.47

45. Resumption of Piers,

10,500

......

46. Miscellaneous Works,...

20,000

18,952.11

19.53 10.500.00 1,047.89

19.53 10,500.00 1,017.89

...

Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903.

47. Compensation and Resumptions,

30,000

10,606.19

19,393.81

19,393.81

...

Water Works.

48. Additional Service Reservoir, &c.,

West Point,....

250,000

49. Tytam Tuk Scheme,-Second Sec-

tion,.....

700,000

28,474.93

800,701.25 100,701.25

221,325.04

221,525.04

:

105,000.00 4,298.75

50. Pokfulam Road (formerly Bonham

Road), Pumping Station,

51. Miscellaneous Water Works,

7,000 6,000

9,998.62 4,843.88

2,998.62

3,000.00

1.38

1,156.12

1,156.12

Carried forward,.........$ 1,675,835 1,426,531.49 331,010.36 580,313.87 386,400.00 636,625.55

922.04

Q 109

ANNEXE B-Continued.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED.

PROVISION- ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY.

VOTED.

BALANCE.

Excess.

$ (.

Brought forward,

...1,675.835

1,426,531.49

KOWLOON.

Buildings.

52. Quarters for Subordinate Officers, adjoining King's Park,

53. Market at Shamshuipo,

54. Kowloon British School,—Additions,

55. Royal Observatory :-

(a) Installing wireless receiving

(.

C.

331,010.36 580,313.87 386,490,00 636,625.55 922.01

8,000

7,916.54

83.46

18,000

7,500

18,000.00 7,500.00

83.46 18,000.00 7,500.00

apparatus,

800

(b) Bathroom,..

700

678,72

800.00 21.28

(c) Seismograph Room,...

5,000

5,000.00

800.00 21.28 5,000.00

56. Rented Quarters for European Sub-

ordinates, Royal Observatory,

16,000

16,000.00

16,000.00

57. Housing of European Subordinate

Officers,

35,000

35,000.00

35,000.00

Communications.

58. Improvements to Pitt Street opposice Kwong Wah Hospital,

59. Roads,-General, Works,