Sessional Papers - 1939

SESSIONAL PAPERS LAID BEFORE THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL OF HONG KONG 1939

Table of Contents

1. Jurors

Jurors List for 1939

2. Labour and Labour Conditions in Hong Kong

Report On

3. Taxation

Report of the Taxation Committee

 

HONG KONG

TO WIT.

NAME IN FULL.

HONG KONG.

JURY ORDINANCE, No. 6 of 1887.

JURORS LIST FOR 1939.

I. SPECIAL JURORS.

OCCUPATION.

No. 1939

1

ADDRESS.

Alexander, Tom Graham

Spottiswood

* Archbutt, Geoffrey Samuel.

Beck, Terence Christopher

Thomas

Bellamy, Leonard Charles

Fenton......

*Benson, Donovan

* Biggar, David MacDonald... Bitting, Samuel Tilden......

Black, Colin Charteris Braga, Noel Brayfield, Thomas Henry

Gordon

Brown, Charles Bernard Butlin, Strathmore Tatliam. Camidge, Reginald Albert...

* Cassidy, Philip Stanley....

Champkin, Cyril..

* Chau Shiu-ng

Cheng Shou Jen....

Choa Po-yew ...

Churn, Samuel Macomber... Clark, Douglas Edward. Cock, Edward............ Compton, Albert Henry Croucher, Noel Victor Amor Drummond, David Dunbar, Lambert Eager, Oscar

Edgar, Aubrey Jacob Edmondston, David Charles. Figueiredo, Guilherme de... Fleming, John Geare, Iltyd Henry

Gee, Charles Mcqueen

Gillespie, Ronald Dare

Manager, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co... Fire Insurance Manager, Union

Insurance Society of Canton, Ld.......

Secretary, Green Island Cement Co., Ld.

General Manager, H.K. Tramways, Ld... Manager, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld.... Manager, Chase Bank..

Manager, National City Bank of New

York

Manager, Furness (Far East), Ld.

On premises.

401 The Peak.

516 The Peak.

358 The Peak. 302 The Peak. Woodbury, Pokfulam.

408 The Peak.

114 The Peak.

Secretary, China Light & Power Co., Ld. 18 Kent Road, Kowloon Tong.

Carmichael & Clarke, Ld.

Chartered Accountant, Linstead & Davis. Chartered Accountant, Linstead & Davis. Manager, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China.

Merchant, John D. Hutchison & Co. Exchange Broker....

Compradore, Bank Belge pour l'Etranger

d'Extreme Orient, Societe Anonime... Bank of China, Ld. Compradore, Netherlands India

Commercial Bank Union Trading Co., Ld. Merchant, J. D. Humphreys & Son H.K. & Whampoa Dock Co., Ld. Manager, David Sassoon & Co., Ld.. Stock Broker, Chartered Bank Building... Manager, Canadian Pacific S.S., Ld. Flour Broker, Dunbar & Co. Secretary, H.K. Land Investment &

Agency Co., Ld..... Broker, Ellis & Edgar Banker, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Engineer, Siemens China Co....... Lowe, Bingham & Matthews Assistant General Manager, Standard

Vacuum Oil Co..

Manager, National Aniline & Chemical

Co.

Managing Director, Imperial Chemical

Industries (China), Ld.

*

Walmer, Castle Peak. 176 The Peak. 506 The Peak.

17 Peak Road. 30 The Peak.

7 East Point Terrace.

44 Robinson Road. Ou premises.

19 Seymour Road. 53 Conduit Road.

9 Aigburth Hall, May Road. On premises.

Longridge, Repulse Bay Road. P. & O. Building. 362 The Peak. 2 May Road.

5 Bowen Road.

1 Duddell Street.

356 The Peak.

373 Prince Edward Road.

293 The Peak.

Peninsula Hotel.

Roadside, Mt. Davis, Pokfulam Rd.

On premises.

Exempted for limited periods.

NAME IN FULL.

2

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

Hall, Frederick Charles................ Hills, Herbert Stuart Ho Sai Wing

Hughes, Arthur William

* Kadoorie, Lawrence * Kan Tong-po

Landale, David Fortune..

Li Koon-chun

* Li Tse-fong..........

Lo, Horace

Lo Man-hin

Lo Yuk-tong

Lock, Walter Heathcote Macgregor, John Farrar

...

*Mackichan, Alexander

Somerled Montargis, Maurice Jean Baptiste......... Munton, Douglas William... Ngan Shing-kwan

* Noronha, José Maria..............

Ormiston, James

Pearce, Thomas Ernest...... Pentreath, George Artis Perrin, Norman James Phillips, Alexander Roy

Henderson

* Priestley, Horace Hugh

Hepworth

* Raymond, Albert

Raymond, Edward Maurice Remedios, Fernando

Eduardo d'Almada Ritchie, Archibald ...

Roza, Alfred William da Schultz, Henry Louis

Seth, John Hennessey Sherry, John Patrick

*Shewan, Ian Winchester

Silva, Frederico Leocadio

da........

Sorby, Vincent Dare .......

*Stanton, William Telling-

*

hast...

Sturt, Herbert Rothsay Taggart, James Harper.. Tang Shiu-kin

Wilkinson, Harry Vaughan. Williamson, Stuart Taylor... Wilson, Thomas Burlington. Wong Mow-lam, Joseph

Wong Tak-kwong Wood, Gerald George Yung Tsze-ming

Underwriter, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld Exchange Broker, Layton & Co. Compradore, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Manager, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.

Financier, Sir Elly Kadoorie & Sons...... Bank of East Asia, Ld.

Merchant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld. Proprietor, Wo Fat Shing Shipping Co...] Bank of East Asia, Ld.

Compradore, Mercantile Bank of India.

Ld.

Compradore, Jardine, Matheson & Co.,

Ld.

Managing Director, Bakilly & Co., Ld.... Manager, Butterfield & Swire Manager, Caldbeck, Macgregor &

Co., Ld.

Leigh & Orange

Exchange Broker, French Building Manager, China Light & Power Co., Ld... Managing Director, China Motor Bus

Co., Là.

Secretary, Credit Foncier d'Extreme

Orient

Manager, Reiss, Bradley & Co., Ld. John D. Hutchison & Co. Manager, Pentreath & Co. Manager, Thos. Cook & Son, Ld.

507 The Peak. 29 The Peak. 62 Bonham Road.

464 The Peak. Peninsula Hotel. On premises. 217 Jaffe Road. 81 Wing Lok Street. On premises.

3 Norfolk Road, Kowloon Tong.

On premises.

19 Kennedy Road.

On premises.

On premises.

On premises.

7A Bowen Road.

24 Somerset Road, Kowloon Tong.

64 Kennedy Road.

27 Ashley Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong Club.

299 The Peak. 64 Dina House. 162 The Peak.

Manager, Taikoo Sugar Refining Co., Ld. Cornhill, Quarry Bay.

Merchant, Gloucester Building

16 Macdonnell Road.

Director, E. D. Sassoon Banking Co., Ld. 39 Stubbs Road. Financier..

Director, Union Trading Co., Ld. ........... Chartered Accountant, Lowe, Bingham

& Matthews

Manager, Messrs. Roza Bros............ General Manager, Standard Vacuum

Oil Co.

Percy Smith, Seth & Fleming Manager, H.K. Telephone Co., Ld. Shewan, Tomes & Co........

Member Committee, H.K. Sharebrokers'

Association....

Electrical Engineer, H.K. Electric Co.,

Ld.

Exchange Broker....... China Underwriters, Ld........ H.K. & Shanghai Hotels, Ld... Manager, Tang Tin Fuk Bank Partner, Mackinnon & Mackenzie Principal, Williamson & Co.

Holland House, 1st floor.

6 Peace Avenue, Homuntin.

180 The Peak,

On premises.

Altadena, 459 Barker Road. Repulse Bay Hotel. 119 The Peak.

4 Aighburth Hall, May Road.

18 Chatham Road, Kowloon.

253 The Peak.

Tien Ping Shan, Fanling.

3 Abermor Court, May Road.

On premises.

On premises.

On premises.

53 The Peak,

Manager, American President Lines, Ld.. 143 Waterloo Road. Director, S. C. Lay & Co., Ld. Manager, Fung Tang Kee Co...... Leigh & Orange Retired

184 Ma Tau Chung Road, Kowloon. Pedder Building.

On premises.

45 Robinson Road.

2

+

NAME IN FULL.

3

II.-COMMON JURORS.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

Α

Abbas, Abbib

Abbas, Abdul Aziz

Abbass, Geralda Wazife

Abbas, Yakub.....

Abbott, Albert Stanley Abdulrahman, Aziz Rauf.

Peter

Abesser, Ablong, Alfred Ernest, Jr. Ablong, Alfred Ernest, Sr...

Ablong, Arthur John.........

Abraham, Edgar Shooker... Abraham, Ezra Abraham, Jon Macoyer

Abraham, Reuben Acconci, Ūseo...... * Ackber, John

Adal, Mohammed Yaqub Adam, James

Adamczewski, Boleslaw

Adams, Josiah Logan Adams, William Balgowan

Adamson, Alan Scott Adem, Mahomed Advani, Hashmatrai

Awatsing

Advani, Hiranand

Lekhraj

Advani, Motiram

Tickamdas Affanassieff, Michael

Michelanovitch

Agabeg, Leonardo Oscar Agafuroff, Burhan..... Agafuroff, Iskander Agon, Alfredo Angel

Agon, Carlos Manuel Ahlwalia, Kashnina

Singh

Clerk, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews Overseer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Chief Accountant, Hong Kong Mines,

Ld., Linmahang

Godown Superintendent, Texas Co.,

(China), Ld......

Manager, Kelly & Walsh, Ld. Assistant, Union Insurance Society

of Canton, Ld.

Accountant, Connell Bros. Co. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Overseer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.

Exchange Broker, 10 Ice House Street... Broker, Tester & Abraham... Foreman, Vibro Filing Co., Ltd.

Share Broker, Tester & Abraham Sculptor, A. Vanuini & Co. Clerk, Insurance Co. of N. America Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.............................. Shipwright, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Li.

Staff, Deutsche Farben Handelsgesell-

schaft Waibel & Co.

Civil Engineer, Butterfield & Swire... Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineer-

ing Co. of H.K., Ld. Banker, H.K. & Shanghai Bank. Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.......

Clerk, Utoomal & Assudamal Co.

Clerk, Utoomal & Assudamal Co.

Clerk, Utoomal & Assudamal Co.

Construction Superintendent, Hong

Kong Mines, Ld. Clerk. Hong Kong Hotel Salesman, S. E. Levy & Co.

Assistant Manager, S. E. Levy & Co. ... Clerk, Credit Foncier d'Extreme

Orient

25 Johnston Road.

H.E.C. Quarters, 18 Ming Yuen.

On premises.

21 Kai Tack Bund. On premises.

9 Percival Street.

540 Nathan Road, Kowloon. On premises.

On premises.

H.E.C. Quarters, Gough Street

Substation.

99 Waterloo Road, Kowloon Tong. 55 Granville Road, Kowloon. 17 Hau Wong Road, 2nd floor,

Kowloon City.

38 Kimberley Road, Kowloon. 141 Electric Road.

17 Caroline Hill Road, 1st floor. 445 Hennessy Road, 3rd floor.

On premises.

528 The Peak, On premises.

Quarry Bay.

371 The Peak.

38 Tang Lung Street, 2nd floor.

39 Wyndham Street.

39 Wyndham Street.

39 Wyndham Street.

On premises. 23 Mosque Street.

6 Village Road, 1st floor.

6 Village Road, 1st floor.

97 Taipo Road, 2nd floor,

Kowloon.

Clerk, Credit Foncier d'Extreme Orient. 97 Taipo Road.

Salesman, Mamak & Co.

Ahwee, George Emanuel Farm Superintendent, H.K. Dairy

Supply Co.

Ahwee, Henry William.. Delivery Superintendent, H.K. Dairy

Akiba, Masao

Supply Co.

Clerk, Tsurutani & Co., Ld.

Alabaster, James Wilfred Assistant, Union Insurance Society

Alarakia, Ebrahim

Mahomed....

Alarakia, Ismail Mohamed.

of Canton, Ld.

Overseer, Ye Olde Printerie, Ld. Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China

31 Ashley Road, Kowloon.

c/o Kowloon Dairy Customs

Pass, Sai Kung Road.

6 Taipo Rd., Top floor, Kowloon.

17 Kennedy Road.

114 The Peak.

359 Hennessy Road, 2nd floor.

8 Caine Road,

4

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

A—Continued.

Alexander, William Lodge. Chartered Accountant, Perey Smith,

Ali, Dawood

Ali, Taufik Bin

Allam, Percival Bernard

Allaye, Emmanuel

Allemao, Andrew Allen, Douglas Geoffrey

Glinn

Allen, Lawrence David... Almeida, Bernabe Antonio. Almeida, José Maria d'

Almeida, Joseph Francis

de

Almeida, Julio Hyndman d'. Almeida, Patrick Edward d'.

Alonço, Deus-Dedit

Antonio

Alvares, John Jacques Alvares, José Augusto

Alves, Alberto

Alves, Antonio Maria

Alves, Carlos Francisco

Xavier.....

Alves, Darius Caesar

Selavisa

Alves, Eduardo

Alves, Elysio Antonio Alves, Erasmus Ulysses

Selavisa

Alves, Frederick Danenberg

Alves, Henrique Alberto.... Alves, José Lourenço Alves, Luis Gasper Aman, George Henry Ammann, Erik

Anderson, George Anderson, George Thirkill.

Anderson, James

Williamson

Anderson, John Edgar ..... Anderson, John Fraser

Andrews, Charles Frederick

Angeles, Godofredo San

Luis...

Seth & Fleming... Clerk, Calif-Asia, Ld.

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld...................... Works Supervisor, Credit Foncier

d'Extreme Orient......

267 The Peak.

95 Sharp Street East, Ground floor. 277 Lockhart Road, 3rd floor.

190 Prince Edward Road, 2nd floor,

Kowloon.

Assistant, Friesland Trading Co., Ld. 16 Cumberland Road, Kowloon

Assistant Bedikton & Co.

Analyst, Franklin Laboratory Clerk, American Lloyd, Ld.

Clerk, General Electric Co. of China, Ld. Accountant, Orient Tobacco Manu-

factory

Bookkeeper, Kunst & Albers

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co....... Assistant Engineer, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co....... Joint Manager, Central Radio Service Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld.

Director, J. M. Alves & Co., Ld. Clerk, Nederlandsch Indische

Handelsbank, N. V.

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld. Director, J. M. Alves & Co., Ld.

Clerk, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co. ...

Clerk, H.K, Electric Co., Ld............. Assistant Installation Engineer, China

Light & Power Co., Ld. Assistant, John D. Hutchison & Co...... Assistant, Eastern Asbestos Co. Broker, Payne & Co.

Assistant, Ed. A. Keller & Co., Ld. Manager, K. D. Petroleum Co. of China. Marine Surveyor, Anderson & Ashe .............. Shipbuilder, II.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Sub-Accountant, Chartered Bank of

India, Australia & China Director, Anderson Music Co., Ld. Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refining

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Dairy Farm, Ice and Cold

Storage Co., Ld.

Bookkeeper, Thoresen & Co., Ld.

Tong.

25 Pilkem Street, Yaumati.

Harbour View Hotel.

140a Kennedy Road.

332 Ma Tau Wei Rd., To Kwa Wan.

582 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

159 Sai Yeung Choi Street,

Mongkoktsui.

13 Austin Avenue, Kowloon.

5 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon.

16 Observatory Road, Kowloon. 74 Waterloo Road, Kowloon. 15 Homuutin Street, 2ud floor,

Homuntin.

302 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon.

8 Tung Cheong Building, Top floor,.

Kowloon.

1 Carnarvon Villas, Kowloon.

145 Waterloo Road, Kowloon Tong..

1 Belfran Road, Kowloon,

8 Tung Cheong Building, Kowloon.

5 Grampian Road, Kowloon City.

149 Waterloo Road, Kowloon Tong. 145 Waterloo Road, Kowloon Tong. 8 Mosque Junction.

49 Granville Road, Kowloon. On premises.

Arlington Hotel, Kowloon. 3 Belfran Road, Kowloon,

On premises.

Arlington Hotel.

17 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

11 Braemar Terrace, Quarry Bay.

74 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

582 Nathan Road, Kowloon,

NAME IN FULL.

5

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

A-Continued.

Angus, George Ian

Annis, Paul Eicher

Auson, Yao.......

Antioquia, Jose Bunag

Antonio, Luiz Victor... Antonov, Mishael Basil

Aquino, Alfredo Maria d'.....

Aquino Damasco

Loureiro d'

Aquino, Gaston d'

Aquino, José Goulartt d' Archer, Charles

Arculli, Obeidullah el.............. Arculli, Omar el... Arfas, Heinz *Arndt, Walter Ferdinand....

Arnold, George William

Arns, Heinz Arnulphy, Carlos Art, Robert Des Assumpção, Carlos

Augusto d' Astington, Bertram Astroshenko, John An Chin-ting... Au Chung-yiū Au Fong-yue

Au Kim-fung

Au Pan-sam

Au Ping-ying

Au Wing...

Au Young-lin

Maintenance Engineer, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

Parts Manager, General Motors

China, Ld.

Secretary, Swie Hong Handel Maat-

schappij, N.V.

Assistant, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Manager, Ilford Ld.

Traffic Clerk, Imperial Airways (Far

East) Ld.

Clerk, Chartered Bank of India

Australia & China

Agent, West Coast Life Insurance Co.

of San Francisco.....

Clerk, C. E. Warren & Co., Ld. Salesman, Philco Radio Distributors.. Clerk, L. Weill & Co........ Manager, A. F. Arculli & Sons Partner, Petersen & Co.

Chief Clerk, America President Lines,

Ld.

Advertising Assistant, Standard-Vacuum

Oil Co.

Manufacturer's Agent, H. E. Arns Manager, H.K. Canton Export Co., Ld.. Assistant, Kunst & Albers

Assistant, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld... Manager, Swedish Match Co. Mine Shifter, H. K. Mines, Ld. Clerk, Bodiker & Co. Clerk, Bodiker & Co.

Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld.

Dispenser, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Broker, Kunst & Albers Business Manager, Grand Dispensary. Storekeeper, H.K. & China Gas Co., Ld. Clerk, Che San & Co.

Azelo, Caetano Maria Dias. Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Azevedo, Alexandre

Antonio d'

Azevedo, Antonio d' Azevedo, Victor Felix d'....

Azim, Rahmat Moosa

Azzolini, Umberto

Australia & China

Assistant, Nederlandsche Handels-

Maatschappij, N.V.

Clerk, Peninsula Hotel

Accounts Clerk, Canadian Pacific

Steamships, Railway Ld.

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.

Assistant, Lloyd Triestino

Block 1, Staff Quarters, Hok Un.

Gloucester Hotel.

On premises.

On premises.

On premises.

2 Ashley Road, Kowloon.

8 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon.

18a Canton Villas, Kimberley

Road, Kowloon.

3 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon. 3 Canton Villas, Kowloon. 24 Fleming Road.

7 Village Road, Ist floor. 126 Kennedy Road. On premises.

6 Homuntin Hill, Homuntin.

6 Duke Street, Mongkoktsui. 26 Conduit Road.

300 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon. 1 Hankow Road, Kowloon.

8 Jordan Road, Kowloou. Repulse Bay Hotel. Linmahang. On premises. 174 Lockhart Road, 1st floor. 20 Fleming Road, 2nd floor. 174 Tung Choi Street, 1st floor,

Mongkoktsui.

14 Tsap Tseung Street. 21 Hollywood Road.

14 Tsap Tseung St., Top floor. 507 Queen's Road West, 1st floor. On premises.

34 Hankow Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

On premises.

29 Jordan Road, Kowloon.

14 Yik Lam Street, Ground floor. 6 Cumberland Road, Kowloon Tong.

B

Bailey, Henry Preston..... Manager, Machinery Dept.

Baker, Edward Francis

Stephen

Baker, Ernest Henry. Baker, Laurence Cecil.... Baker, William Ernest ...

Shewan, Tomes & Co.

Assistant, Lane, Crawford, Ld. Assistant, Kunst & Albers Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld. Electrical Engineer, H. K. Électric

Co.. Ld.

On premises.

Chardhaven Hotel, Kowloon. 487 Nathan Road, Kowloon. 138 Kennedy Road.

H.E.C. Quarters, North Point.

:

1

NAME IN FULL.

B-Continued.

6

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

Baldwin, Berry Oakley...

Baleros, Bernardino

Francisco.......

Baleros, Francisco * Ball, Leslie Francis

Ballantyne, Donald Lindsay Banker, Allan Samuel

Banna, Hatam Tyebjee.. Barclay, Thomas Charles...

Barclay, William Pearson... Barkus, Roberto Leo

Barnes, John Egerton

Martin

Barr, Claude Irwin

Barradas, Duarte Augusto...

Barradas, Vasco Maria

Barretto, Antonio Conde Barretto, Carlos Augusto...

Barretto, Henrique Maria ...

Barretto, Octavio Alfonso Orlando Demée Barron, James Forman

Barros, Antão Vasques Barros, Carlos Eduardo......

Barros, Frederico Guilherme Barros, Henrique Alberto... Barros, Luiz Antonio........

Barry, Frederick Charles Bascombe, Hewett John.

Bassett, Burton Burch

Basto, Antonio

Hermenegildo

Basto, Arthur José de Castro Basto, Carlos Pompeia Bau, Julius Wen....

Bauder, Robert Bautista, David Baxter, George Ernest

Beattie, Thomas John

McCluskie

Beavan, Roger Channey

Becher, Herbert Carl Henry Beck, Arthur Charles-

worth

Sub-Accountant, National City Bank

of New York

Assistant, American Bank Note Co.

Driller, H.K. Well Boring Co., Ld. Principal, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld.... Assistant Manager, Chase Bank Storekeeper, Far East Flying Training

School, Ld.

Merchant, N. Mohamedally Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refining Co.,

Ld.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co....... Draughtsman, H. K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Engineer, Innis & Riddle, (China) Ld. General Agent, Canadian National Rail-

ways

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Clerk, Nederlandsch Indische Handels-

bank, N.V.

Clerk, Siemens China Co.

Clerk, Nederlandsch Indische Handels-

bank, N.V..........

Assistant, Nederlandsche Handels-

Maatschappij, N.V.

Store-keeper, H. K. Club

Electrical Engineer, H.K. Electric Co.,

Ld.

Bookkeeper, Reiss, Bradley & Co., Ld.... Clerk, Nederlandsel Indische Handels-

bank, N.V....

Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld. Assistant, Texas Co. (China), Ld..: Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China ..... Secretary, H.K. & Shanghai Hotels, Ld. Assistant Engineer, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

General Superintendent, Hong Kong

Mines, Ld., Limmahang

Architect, A. H. Basto

Clerk, Orient Tobacco Manufactory Interpreter, H. B. Joseph & Co.

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Assistant, Lane, Crawford, Ld. Clerk, H.K. Mines, Ld. Newspaper Correspondent, United Press

Association of America...

Sugar Boiler, Taikoo Sugar Refining

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Garage Department, H. K. &

Shanghai Hotels, Ld.... Assistant, Ellis & Edgar..

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld.

6 Conduit Road.

16 Nga Tsin Long Road, 2nd floor,

Kowloon City.

On premises.

Lewknor, 364 The Peak.

2 Aigburth Hall, May Road.

79 Cheung On Street. 5a Dragon Terrace.

2 Braemar Terrace, Quarry Bay. Laichikok Installation.

On premises.

Knutsford Hotel.

Peninsula Hotel.

On premises.

St. Joseph's Villa.

2 Granville Road, Kowloon.

2 Hanoi Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

245 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon.

H.E.C. Qrts., 5 Causeway Hill. 2 Granville Road, 1st floor, K'loon.

4 Austin Avenue, Kowloon. 15 Soares Avenue, Homuntin. 5 Tak Shing Street, Kowloon.

2 Granville Road, Kowloon. Repulse Bay Hotel.

Y.M.C.A., Kowloon.

On premises.

163 Waterloo Rd., Kowloon Tong.

582 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

30 Hillwood Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

Y.M.C.A., Kowloon. 125 Portland Street.

11 Duddell Street.

3 Braemar Terrace.

The Hermitage, 42 Kennedy Road. 26 Kadoorie Avenue, Kowloon.

On premises.

*

-7

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

B-Continued.

*-

ADDRESS.

Beck, Ernest Jacobsen

Bedell, Patrick Edwin

Beeken, David William

Begdon, Kieran

Begg, Stewart Duncan

Belbin, Edward George

Craven......

Bell, Paul Augustus Bell, Robert Barr

......

....

Sugar Boiler, Taikoo Sugar Refining

Co., Lử.

Flying Instructor, Far East Flying

Training School, Ld. Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld. Secretary, H. K. Travel Association. Secretary, John I. Thornycroft & Co.,

Ld.

Merchant, Arnhold Trading Co., Ld....... Clerk, General Motors China, Ld. Assistant Manager, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld.

Beltrão, Nicolau Antonio ... Clerk, Nederlandsch Indische Handels-

Benallack, John

Benjamin, Vivian

Benn, Lewin Arthur Bennett, Chester Benson, Oscar Rowan

Benuch, Leonid John.............

Beraha, Matheo

Bercovitch, Samuel

Berg, Sverre

bank, N. V. ...、

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineering Co., Ld. Stockbroker, Wright & Co. Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld. Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co., Ld... Assistant, Carroll Bros.

Accountant, Twentieth Century Fox

Federal Inc., U.S.A. Merchant, M. Beraha

Civil Engineer, Marsman H.K, China,

Ld.

Managing Director, Berg & Co., Ld.......

Bernardo, Victor Emmanuel. Assistant, Nederlandsche Handels

Berruex, Marcel........ Bertram, John William

Biau, Pierre Lucian Louis... Bidwell, Harold Denison Biesel, Robert Bigazzi, Raoul

Billimoria, Phiroz Jehangir.. Bird, Francis George..............

Bird, George Thomas

Bishop, Sidney Frank

Bitzer, Conrad Black, Alexander

Black, Alexander Wylie Black, Donald..............

Blackmore, Ernest Wilfrid

Blair, Kenneth George Blair, Leslie

Blake, Charles Henry

Blake, William Francis Bliss, Arthur Sydney. Blum, Constantin

Maatschippij, N.V.

Assistant, Ullmann & Co. Acting Workshop Superintendent,

China Light & Power Co., Ld............ Proprietor, J. Lebon & Co.

804 King's Road.

"Pinegrove", Fanling.

On premises.

6 Garden Terrace, Kowloon.

48 Grampian Road, Kowloon City.

7 Peak Mansions.

5 Hankow Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

13 Tung Cheong Building, Ist floor,

Kowloon.

On premises.

38 Kimberley Road, Kowloon, 138 Kennedy Road. Rutton Building.

11A Jordan Road, Kowloon.

241 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

287 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon,

666A Nathan Road, Kowloon. 11 Glenealy Road.

On premises.

6 Somerset Road, Kowloon Tong.

Block 1. Staff Quarters. Dina House,

Assistant, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld.... Watson's Apartments, Watson Road.

Staff, Chase Bank

Decorator, Raoul Bigazzi Assistant, C. M. Karanjia & Co. Engineer, H.K. Rope Manufacturing

Co., Ld.

Watchman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld.

Chief Engineer, Green Island Cement

Co., L..

La Perla Del Oriente Clerk, Union Trading Co., Ld.

Surveyor, Carmichael & Clarke.............. Chartered Accountant, Percy Smith,

Seth & Fleming

Civil Engineer, Blackmore, Basto &

Shank, Ld.

Merchant, Blair & Co.................

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Clerk, Holt's Wharf

Manager, The China Engineers, Ld. ....... Clerk, H.K. & Whampoa Dock Co., Ld... Representative, United States Rubber

Export Co., Ld.

Peninsula Hotel. Hong Kong Hotel. 52 Wyndham Street.

Taikoo Dockyard.

Quarry Bay.

Cement Works, Hok Un, Kowloon. Ou premises.

96 Fa Yuen Street, 1st floor,

Mongkoktsui.

239 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon.

267 The Peak.

Knutsford Hotel, Kowloon. 12 Broadwood Road.

On premises.

Red Roof, K.I.L.No. 1390,

Kowloon.

12 Fort Street. On premises.

Peninsula Hotel.

=

*

8

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

B—Continued.

1

ADDRESS.

Blyth, Harry Henry Bolton, Andrew

Bompas, Eric Ainsley Bonch, Osmolovsky Vadin...

Bond, Victor Charles Bone, David Boyd

Bones, Leslie

Bonhoff, Hedwig Carl

Clemens Ernst

Bonner, Horace William Bonnot, Raymond Boodt, Armand de

Borinevitch, Valentin

Gabriel

Borst, Georg Bosanquet, David Ives

Botelho, Alvaro Alberto Botelho, Carlos Alberto...... Botelho, Francisco Xavier...

Botelho, Henrique Alberto...

Botelho, Noé Ulysses Botelho, Peter Paul Botelho, Peter Vicente Jr.... Bourne, Walter Hargreaves. Bovaird, William Cuthbert..

Bradbury, Bertram Walter.

Bradford, Thomas

Braga, Anthony Manuel

Braga, Hugh..

Braga, James Braga, John Vincent.

Braga, Paul................ Bremner, Alexander

Andrew

Brett, Geoffrey Hope........ Brewin, Joseph Irwin Mark

Britto, Frederico Maria Britto, Guilherme Maria Broadbridge, Frederick

Arthur.

Engineer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Assistant Engineer, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

Banker, H. K. & Shanghai Bank..... Draughtsman, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Lủ.

Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld. Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld. Wharfinger, H.K. & Kowloon Wharf &

Godown Co., Ld.

Life Underwriter, West Coast Life

Insurance Co. San Francisco..... Assistant, Lane, Crawford, Ld. Assistant Chef, H.K. Hotel Manager, Banque Belge pour

l'Etranger

Salesman, Millington, Ld.

Manager, Steel Union China Co. Mercantile Assistant, Jardine,

Matheson & Co., Ld. Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Bookkeeper, H.K., Canton & Macao

Steamboat Co., Ld................... Assistant, China Provident Loan and

Mortgage Co., Ld.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co....... Merchant, A. G. Botelho & Co....... Merchant, A. G. Botelho & Co..... Architect

Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineering

Co. of Hong Kong, Ld. Butchery Superintendent, Dairy Farm,

Ice & Cold Storage Co., Ld., & Local· Printing Press, Ld....

Wharf Engineer, Holt's Wharf

Property Superintendent, H.K. Engi-

neering & Construction Co., Ld. General Works Manager, H.K. Eng-

ineering & Construction Co., Ld...... Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co.. Assistant Secretary, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

Assistant, Gilman & Co, Ld..

Chartered Accountant, Lowe, Bingham

& Matthews

Assistant. Thomas Cook & Son...... Moulder, H.K. & Whampoa Dock Co.,

Ld.

Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld....... Assistant, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld.

Mercantile Assistant, John D.

Hutchison & Co........

157 King's Road, Top floor.

47 Granville Road, Kowloon. 353 The Peak.

On premises.

8 Norfolk Rd., Kowloon Tong.

Quarry Bay.

249 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon

138 Argyle St., Kowloon. 15A Canal Road West. On premises.

On premises.

7 Homuntin St., Top floor,

Homuntin. Peninsula Hotel.

354 The Peak.

6 Austin Avenue, Kowloon. 6 Austin Avenue, Kowloon.

26 Jordan Road, Kowloon.

167 Sai Yneng Choi Street, 1st floor,

Mongkoktsui.

19 Mosque Street.

7 Tung Cheong Building, Kowloon. 7 Tung Cheong Building, Kowloon. Powell's Building, 1st floor.

On premises.

Vernon House, Braga Circuit,

Kowloon.

Windsor Lodge, Austin Avenue,

Kowloon,

12 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon.

18 Braga Circuit, Kowloon. 12 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon.

12 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon. On premises.

Alandale, Pokfulam. Courtland Hotel.

On premises.

34 Hillwood Road, Kowloon. 11 Hart Avenue, Kowloon.

1 Lock Road, Kowloon.

:

9

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION,

B-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Broch, Karl.....

Broekert, Anthony Willem

de....

Brook, Joshua

Brostedt, Augustus

Brown, Alva

Brown, Arthur James

Brown, Frank Leader (Capt.) Brown, George

Brown, James Thomas Brown, John Coghill....

Brown, Lawrence

Edward Brown, Lord Roberts.. Brown, Patrick

Brown, Robert Burns

Brown, Walter Joseph..

Brown, William

Brown, William Joseph......

Brownley, John

Brumwell, William Robert...

Bryson, Reginald

Buchanan, David Buchanan, William Buckley, James Francis...

Budagian, Leon

Buis, Jan Gerard

Bullock, Harry

Bumann, Friedrich

Bundred, James Watson Burch, Reginald Thomas

....

Burke, Samuel Moses...

Burling, William John Burnie, Arthur Inglis

Burrell, Frank

Bursley, Allan John

Manager, National Carbon Co. Fed. Inc.

U.S.A.

Civil Engineer, Marsman H.K. China,

Ld.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co. Asiatic Traffic Manager, Canadian

National Railways.

Assistant, Philco Radio Distributors.. Clerk, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld. Engineer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co.

(China), Ld.

Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co,..] Boilermaker, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co. Director, China Construction Co., Ld. Partner, Union Motors

Butcher, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld.

Office Assistant, China Light & Power

Co., L.

Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineering

Co. of H.K., Ld.

Chief Accountant, China Light & Power

Co., Ld.

Sub-Accountant, National City Bank

of New York

Overseer, H.K. Land Investment &

Agency Co., Ld......................... Mercantile Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld. Clerk, American Express Co., Inc..... Assistant, Butterfield & Swire.... Salesman, Whiteaway, Laidlaw & Co.,

Ld.

Clerk of Works, H. K. Engineering

& Construction Co., Ld.

Assistant, Nederlandsch Indische

Handelsbank, N V.

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld.

Manager, Deutsche Farben-Handelsge-

sellschaft Waibel & Co. Marine Surveyor, Goddard & Douglas

Manager, S. Moutrie & Co., Ld.

Civil Engineer, Marsman H. K.

China, Ld.

Assistant, H.K. & Shanghai Hotels, Ld.. Representative, Confederation Life

Association of Canada

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

55 Cumberland Rd., Kowloon Tong.

7 The Peak.

8 Seen Keen Terrace.

Repulse Bay Hotel.

16 Nullah Road.

17 Jordan Road, 1st floor, Kowloon. 17 Bowen Road.

16 Canarvon Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

On premises.

On premises.

269 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon. 14 Caroline Road.

43 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

Y.M.C.A., Kowloon.

Quarry Bay.

Kau Pui Shek Substation.

3 Belfran Rd. Apartment 6,

Kowloon Tong.

1 East Point Terrace.

354 The Peak.

8 Observatory Villas, Kowloon. On premises.

186A Nathan Road, Kowloon.

106 Austin Road, Ground floor,

Kowloon.

68 Conduit Road,

On premises.

Mirador, Deep Water Bay. Peninsula Hotel.

12 Dorset Crescent, Kowloon

Tong.

379 Nathan Road, Kowloon. 11 Gap Road.

1 Gap Road.

On premises.

On premises.

10

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

B-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Bus de Warnaffe,

Vincent du

Buse, Hans Otto

Butcher, Arthur Herbert

Roy

Butcher, Eric Robert,

Butt, Abdula

Butt, Ghulam Mustapha Buttfield, Arthur George

Charles

Bux, Sheik Abdul Rahim Bux, Sheik Elias

Bux, Sheik Hassain Bux, Sheik Omar Bux, Sherry

Estate Agent, Credit Foncier

d'Extreme Orient

Assistant, Melchers Co.

Banker, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Timekeeper, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Assistant Manager, Getz Bros & Co. Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld...

Assistant, British-American Tobacco.

Co. (China), Ld. Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Clerk, National City Bank of New

York

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Assistant, China Provident Loan and

Mortgage Co., Ld.

21 Peak Mansions.

3, Hankow Road, Kowloon.

106 The Peak.

On premises.

43 Kennedy Road.

H.E.C. Quarters, 21 Ming Yuen,

26 Mody Road, Kowloon.

16 Yee Wo Street, 2nd floor.

42 Yee Wo Street.

16 Yee Wo Street, 2nd floor. 16 Yee Wo Street, 1st floor.

12 Yuen Yuen St., Happy Valley.

Cairns, Marcus Alexander... Calder, William Graham.

Calderara, Paul Walter. Calman, Alexander Milne...

Cameron, John James Campos, Leonardo dos Reis. Capell, Ralph Stewart

Carey, Deryck de

Saysmarez Carey, Gerald John

Probyn

Cario, Maurice

Carlos, Cesar Villa.............

Carman, William Floyd..

Carnac, Percival Sidney

Rivett

Carneiro, Arthur.....

Carneiro, Carlos Eugenio... Carpenter, John

McMurray

Carr, Cecil

Carr, George Wynfield Carr, John Robert Carroll, William Joseph Carruthers, Michael George. Carson, Henry Laird

Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld. Engineer, General Electric Co. of

China, Ld.

Assistant, Ed. A. Keller & Co., Ld. Shipbuilder, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Engineer, Green Island Cement Co., Ld... Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Assistant, General Electric Co. of China,

Ld.

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire.

Mercantile Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.

Broker, H.K. Stock Exchange

Building

Clerk, Far East Oxygen & Acetylene

Co., Ld.

Merchant, Marsman H. K. China

Ld.

Electrician, Green Island Cement Co.,

Ld.

Musical Director, H.K. & Shanghai

Hotels, Ld.

Cashier, Swan, Culbertson & Fritz

Mine Shifter, H. K. Mines, Ld. Assistant, Lane, Crawford, Ld.

254 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon.

Knutsford Hotel, Kowloon. On premises.

On premises. On premises.

146 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon.

40 Kimberley Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

354 The Peak.

112 Waterloo Road, Kowloon.

I Chung Ning Street, Top floor.

90 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

Peninsula Hotel.

69 Wongneichong Road.

On premises.

18 Kennedy Terrace,

Mercantile Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld. 5 Gap Road.

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Principal, Carroll Bros.

Banker, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Assistant, Davie, Boag & Co., Ld...

On premises.

16 Bowen Road.

353 The Peak.

Knutsford Hotel, Kowloon..

11

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

C-Continued.

Carter, Benjamin Stalkertt. Carvalho, Antonio Talone

Homen de.

Carvalho, Eduardo

Henrique Cabral de.. Carvalho, Fernão Henrique

de........

Carvalho, Marcus Antonio

de

Castilho, Lourenço

Justiniano

Castilho, Peter

Castle, Gordon

Castleton, Reginald

Gaye

Castro, Alberto Edward

Henrickson

Castro, Antoine Piu Castro, Carlos Victor.... Castro, Egydio Maria

Henrickson

Banker, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

144 Argyle Street.

Salesman, H. K. Dairy Supply Co... 13 Hauwong Rd,, Kowloon City.

Assistant, Gilman & Co., Ld.

On premises.

Assistant, Andersen, Meyer & Co., Ld.... 15 Ashley Road, Kowloon.

Assistant, Swan, Culbertson & Fritz

Clerk, American Express Co., Inc. Assistant, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld.

Cargo Supt., H.K. & Kowloon Wharf

& Godown Co., Ld.

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire

Assistant, Nederlandsche Handel-

Maatschappij, N.V.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co. Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld.

Assistant, H.K. Rope Manufacturing

Co., Ld.

Castro, Frederick Augustine Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Castro, Henry Armando Castro, Alberto José Castro, José Maria

D'Almada e............. Caudron, Kleber Emile

Marceau

4

Cecil, Lloyd Finley

Cers, Hamilcar Cessford, Findlay Chalmers, James Calder

Chan Ah Yoon

Chan, Albert

Chan, Albert Kenneth

Chan, Benny Chan Chee-kwong Chan Chi-hang

Chan Chi-wing

Chan Chiu-fai.... Chan Chiu-nin

Chan Chue-chin.

Chan Chun-cheung Chan Chung-cheong Chan Chung-pak Chan, Clarence

Chan, Clement Leslie Chan Fai

Chan Fook-chor...

Canton, Ld........

...

Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co., Ld. Assistant, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld..

Assistant, Bank Line, Ld.

Merchant, Franco Eastern Trading Co....

Travelling Mgr., American Express

Co. Inc.

Manufacturers Representative Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineer-

ing Co. of H.K., Ld. Bookkeeper, Der A Wing & Co.

(1923), Ld....

Assistant, Shewan Tomes & Co....... Assistant, Imperial Chemical Industries

(China), Ld.

Clerk, Shun Yick & Co.

Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld.. Proprietor, C. Chan Construction Co. Salesman, Whiteaway, Laidlaw &

Co., Ltl.

Clerk, Siemssen & Co.

Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld.

Clerk, Jebsen & Co.

Clerk, Reuter Brockelmann & Co Salesman, Office Appliance Co., Ld...... Clerk, H.K. & China Gas Co., Ld. Merchant, Simplex Gypsum Products,

Ld.

Superintendent, Thomas Cowan & Co.... Assistant, J. Ullman & Co.

Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld.

10 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon.

14 Fort Street, Ground floor.

19 Soares Avenue, Homuntin.

12A Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

On premises.

On premises.

43 Nathan Road, Kowloon. 41 Hankow Road, Kowloon.

14 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon.

14 Yick Yam Street, Ground floor,

Mongkoktsui.

11в Belfran Road, Mongkok tsui. 15 Nullah Road.

12 Jordan Road, Top fl., Kowloon.

Chungtin Building, & Des Voeux

Road.

13 Shouson Hill Road.

10 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. On premises.

Quarry Bay.

426 Portland Street, Mongkok. 6 Victoria Street, Kowloon.

On premises. 97 High Street.

17 Wong Chuk Street. 8 Hau Fung Lane.

51 Tai Street, 1st floor.

On premises.

35 Shek Kip Mei Street,

Shamshuipo.

122 Cheung Sha Wan Road, 2nd fl.,

Shamshuipo.

23 High Street, 1st floor. 145 Lai Chi Kok Road, Top floor. 13 Lee Tung Street, 3rd floor.

69 Robinson Road, 28 Blue Pool Road.

149 Johnston Road, 1st floor. 462 Nathan Road, 2nd floor,

Kowloon.

¡

12

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

C-Continued.

Chan Fung-yin

Chan Ge-kiang

Chan, Harold

Chan, Harry

Chan Hau-po

Chan Heng-meng Chan Ho...

Chan Hou-kuen

Chan Hung-ching

Chan Hung-cho Chan Hung-fu Chan, Joseph

Chan Ka-muk......

Chan Kai-him Chan Kai-hong

Chan Kai-sin

* Chan Kai-wah

Chan Kam-moon, Albert Chan Kam-shing

Chan Kam-to. Chan Kan-yau Chan Kar-yau Chan Keng.... Chan, Kenneth

Chan Kin-kung Chan Kiu-fan Chan Kwai-ping. Chan Kwai-pun

Chan Kwan-chiu

Chan Kwan-yuen

Chan Kwok-chiu

Chan Kwok-on Chan Kwok-ping Chan Kwok-yan..

Chan Kwok-yee Chan Kwong-yin

Chan Kwong-yoke.....

Chan Lun-ying

Chan Man-cheung

Chan Man-kai

Chan Man-kong .. Chan Man-sing

Director, West River Transportation &

Trading Co., Ld.

Assistant, Otis Elevator Co. Merchant, Shun Yick & Co. Merchant, Conley Trading Co. Compradore, Siemssen & Co. Clerk, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews Dispenser, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld................

Draughtsman, Cathay Ceramics (H.K.),

Ld.

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld................. Clerk, Andersen, Meyer & Co., Ld. Secretary, Luk Hoi Tong Co., Ld. Meter Inspector, China Light & Power

Co., L.

Compradore, K. D. Petroleum Co. of

China, Ld.

Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld. Merchant, Conley Trading Co. Clerk, Wallace Harper & Co., Ld. Assistant Manager, Calif.-Asia, Ld. Agent, Sun Life Assurance Co., Ld.. Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie &

Co.

Clerk, Furness (Far East), Ld.

Clerk, Purity Drinking Water Co.... Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld. Assistant, Lane, Crawford, Ld.

Managing Director, Gande, Price & Co.,

Ld.

18 Hing Hou Road.

14 Arbuthnot Road, Ground floor.. 97 High Street.

268 Des Voeux Road C.

On premises.

241 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor. 31 Cumberland Road, Kowloon

Tong.

211 Lockhart Road, 3rd floor.

283 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor. 48 Wellington Street, Top floor. 150 Connaught Road C.

35 Ping Street, Ground floor,

Kowloon.

184 Third Street.

2 Fung Wong Terrace. 6 Chancery Lane.

25 Peking Road, Kowloon. 452 Lockhart Rood, 2nd floor.

13 Kowloon City Road, Tokwawan..

On premises.

168 Ki Lung Street, Shamshuipo. 40 D'Aguilar Street, 2nd floor. 175 Tai Nam Street. 12 Hollywood Road.

57 Cumberland Road, Kowloon

Tong.

42 Elgin Street.

Assistant, South British Ince. Co., Ld.... On premises. Compradore, The Chase Bank Accountant, Thomson & Co........ Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld..

Managing Director, Chi Min Entertain-

ment, Ld........

Accountant, Úversea-Chinese Banking

Corporation, Ld.........................

Draughtsman, Marsman Hong Kong

China, Ld.

Clerk, Chan Yue Teng Clerk, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews Clerk, redit Foncier d'Extreme Orient.

Assistant, Bank of Canton, Ld. ....... Clerk, Imperial Chemical Industries

(China), Lal....

Merchant, Kwangsi Provincial Import

& Export Syndicate

77 Hennessy Road, 1st floor.

33 Po Kong Road.

21 Caine Road, Top floor.

165 Sai Yee Street, Ground floor,

Mongkoktsui.

5 Sugar Street, 2nd floor. 435 Queen's Road West, 3rd floor. 153 Waterloo Road, Kowloon. St. Joseph's Building, Robinson

Road, "B" Block, Ground floor. On premises.

On premises.

61 Des Voeux Road Central,

2nd floor.

Clerk, America President Lines, Ld....... 33 Yik Yam Street, 2nd floor,

Storekeeper, Far East Oxygen &

Acetylene Co.

Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld.

Typist, Oriental American Agencies. Clerk, China Provident Loan & Mort-

gage Co., Ld.

Mongkok tsui.

153 Apliu Street, Shamsuipo. 101 Fa Yuen Street, 3rd floor,

Mongkoktsui.

29c Wyndham Street, 1st floor.

5 Po Tuck Street, Top floor.

13

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

C—Continued.

Chan Nai-wing Chan Nam-chong Chan, Owen Chan Pak-luk Chan Ping-chenng Chan Ping-fai Chau Ping-san Chan Ping-shii Chan Piu-kai

Chan Po-ying

Chan Pun-lap Chan Sau U Chan Shau-hok Chan Shin-ki Chan Shiu-tsun Chan Shiu-wa

Chan Shu-yin

Chan Shui

Chan Sin-ming Chan Sui-lun Chan Sze-in

Chan Sze-kee Chan Tak-chiu

Chan Tak-on Chan Tak-sang Chan Tsan-kan

Chan Tye

Chan Tze-fong Chan Wai-chuen Chan Wai-chung

Chan Wai-wing

Chan Wei-yeuk

Chan Weng-hong Chan Wing-fong

Chan Wing-shu

Chan Woon-fun, Frank...

Chan Yat-kai

Chan Yau-koi................ Chan Yeuk-ban

Chan Yeung-chai

Chan Yew-ho

Chan Yi-tsung

Chan Yiu-hon

Chan Yiu-nam

Chan Yuk-in

Chang Ah-loi, John Chang Kon-yim

Chang-men, Harry.......

Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld. Assistant, A. R. F. Raven

Clerk, John I. Thornycroft & Co., Ld.... Compradore, Harry Wicking & Co., Ld... Clerk, D. W. Wagstaff & Sons Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld... Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co. Clerk, Sun Life Assurance Co. of Canada. Clerk, Deutsche Farben Handelge-

sellschaft

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S. C.)

Ld.

Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld... Clerk, Kin Tye Lung

Clerk, American Express Co., Inc. Clerk, Butterfield & Swire

Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld. Assistant, Sennet Freres

Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie &

Co.

Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld.

Sub-Manager, The Bank of Canton, Ld. Assistant, A. S. Watson & (o., Ld Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S. C.)

Ld.

Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld.. Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld.

Clerk, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews Clerk, Blackmore, Basto & Shank, L........ Manager, Po Shing Shoe Co.

Clerk, Ed. A. Keller & Co., Ld........ Assistant, Franklin Laboratory Manager, Hotel Cecil, Ld.

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Cauton, Ld.......................

Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie &

Co.

Compradore, Deutsche Farben-Handels-

gesellschaft (Waibel & Co.)

Merchant, Richfield Trading Co....... Draughtsman, China Light & Power

Co., Ld.

Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld................... Director, H. K. & Canton Sanitary

Service

Clerk, National City Bank of New York

Clerk, Carlowitz & Co.

Assistant, Deutsche Farben Handels-

gesellschaft

Manager, Kin Tye Lung Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld....... Principal. United Traders Typist, Franklin Laboratory Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld. Assistant, Andersen, Meyer & Co., Ld... Clerk, Texas Co. (China), L. Stenographer, National City Bank of

New York

Director, Dak Lai Co., Ld....

268 Des Voeux Road.

233 Lockhart Road, 3rd floor. 11 Babington Path. 6 Seymour Terrace.

17 Caroline Hill Road, 2nd floor. 33 Cooke Street. On premises.

17 Caroline Hill Road, 2nd floor.

147 Tam Kung Rd., Mataukok.

On premises.

11 Queen's Road West.

14 Morrison Hill Road. 27 Sugar Street.

On premises.

2 Fung Wong Terrace.

83 Jaffé Road.

On premises.

218 Jaffé Road,

On premises.

167 Electric Road, 2nd floor.

On premises.

Tsun Wan, New Territories. 436 Shanghai Street, 1st floor,

Yaumati.

24 Pak Po Street, 2nd floor. 33 Po Kong Road, 1st floor. 202 Cheung Sha Wan Road,

Shamsuipo.

339 Hennessy Road, 1st floor. 29 Eastern Street, 2nd floor. On premises.

27 Village Road, 2nd floor.

On premises.

11 Wang Fong Terrace, Tai Hang

Road.

11 South Street.

85 Fa Ynen Street, 2nd floor,

Mongkoktsui.

Tsun Wan, New Territories.

12 Prince's Terrace, 1st floor. 41 Fa Yuen Street, 2nd floor,

Mongkoktsui.

132 Gloucester Road, 2nd floor.

11 Wang Fong Terrace,

Tai Hang Road.

192 Hennessy Road. 57 Caine Road.

52 Bonham Road.

316 Nathan Rd., Top fl., Kowloon. 458 Nathan Road, Kowloon. 13 Hollywood Road, 2nd floor. 452 Portland Street.

Chinese Y.M.C.A., Kowloon. 11 Tung Cheong Bldg., 1st floor,

Kowloon.

14

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

C-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Chang Ming-liang

Chang Sam-chong

Chang Tsun-bing Chang Wai

Chao Robert Smi

Chao Zung-yung Chau Chi-man Chau In-nin Chau Kwan-hoi Chan Lok-chow Chau Shing-tai Chau Wan-gork Chau Yat-wa Chau Yu-tung Chau Yut-n1 Cheang Wye-sam Chen Chao-chi

Chen Gee-koon

Chen Jien-ming

Chen, John Augustine

Chen Kin-cho...... Chen Ting-kai Chen Yin

Chen Yuen-how, William... Cheng Chee-cheung Cheng Chi-nam

Cheng Ching-wing

Cheng Chung-choy

Cheng Chung-lung

Cheng Chung-shing Cheng Fan

Cheng Hing-hung

Cheng Hon-cheong Cheng Hung-kwan Cheng In-chung.. Cheng, Joseph

Cheng Kam-to Cheng Kwok-choi Cheng Kwong Cheng Man-tat Cheng Man-to Cheng Moon

Cheng, Paul

Cheng Tai-ming Cheng Yuk-sing Cheong, Jack Fun. Cheong, Raymond Chessex, Paul Chester, Huang

Cheuk Kwai-chuen

Assistant Manager, The Shanghai

Commercial & Savings Bank, Ld.. 75 Hill Street, 1st floor. Assistant Manager, Ault & Wiborg Co.

(Far East)

Assistant, Shewau, Tomes & Co. Draftsman, W. W. Wagstaff & Sons. Assistant Manager, Underwriters

Savings Bank

Clerk, Fukien Trading Co.

Clerk, American Express Co. Inc. Architect, Chau & Lee

Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld... Assistant, Chase Bank Salesman, Jebsen & Co.

Clerk, Yuen On Steamship Co., Ld. Merchant, Richfield Trading Co....... Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co. Clerk, Yuen On Steamship Co., Ld. Manager, Domestic Engineers, Ld. Manager, Central Trading Co. Clerk, Thomson & Co.

Cashier, The Bank of Canton, Ld... Clerk, National City Bank of New York.

Clerk, W. R. Loxley & Co., Ld. Assistant, Parlani Shipping Co. Managing Director, Himly, Ld. Bookkeeper, S. E. Levy & Co. Clerk, St. Francis Hotel Director, S. C. Lay & Co., Ld.

Clerk, H. K. Telephone Co., Ld. Clerk, Furness (Far East), Ld.

6 Arbuthnot Road, 2nd floor. 224 Hennessy Road.

447 King's Road.

52 Fuk Wing Street, 2nd floor. 37 Leighton Hill Road. 172 Hennessy Road.

320 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon. 29 Spring Garden Lane. 6 On Hing Terrace.

14 Victory Avenue, Homuntin. 31 Elgin Street, 3rd floor. 14 Tsun Yuen Street. On premises.

66 Caine Road, 1st floor. 7 Prince's Terrace, Top floor. On premises.

95 Hennessy Road, 3rd floor. On premises.

25 Poplar Street, 1st floor,

Taikoktsui.

77 Pokfulam Road.

24 Belcher Street, 2nd floor. On premises.

472 Hennessy Road, 3rd floor. On premises.

5 Mã Tau Wai Road, 2nd floor,

Kowloon City.

6 Man Hing Lane, 2nd floor. 50 Des Voeux Road, Central.

Clerk, National City Bank of New York. 1 Cheung Sha Wan Road, 2nd floor,

Assistant, H. E. Arns Clerk, Bodiker & Co.

Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld..

Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld.. Stock-keeper, Eastman Kodak Co..... Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S. C.) Ld. Jun. Engineer, China Light & Power

Co., Ld.

Draughtsman, Siu Ho Ming Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co. Assistant, Furness (Far East), Ld....... Clerk, Canadian National Railways Accountant, S H. Langston

Chief Clerk, Taikoo Sugar Refining Co.,

Ld.

Typist, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld. Clerk, Java-China-Japan Lijn N. V.... Clerk, H. M. Siu, Architect Typist, Utoomal & Assudamal & Co.. Clerk, K. D. Petroleum Co. of China. Manager, Gloucester Hotel........ Manager, The Shanghai Commercial

& Savings Bank, Ld. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S. C.) Ld.

Shamshuipo.

255 Queen's Road East.

199 Temple Street, 3rd floor, Yau-

mati.

279 Fa Yuen Street, Mong-

koktsui.

31 Po Kong Road, Koowloon City. 12a Canal Road West, Wanchai. On premises.

184 Ma Tau Chung Road. 446 Lockhart Road, 1st floor. 24 Graham Street.

50 Des Voeux Road Central. 215 Jaffé Road, 2nd floor. On premises.

2 Murray Place. Quarry Bay. 48 Yu Chau St., Shamsuipo. 119 Gloucester Road.

35 Village Road, Ground floor. 59 Lee Garden St., Top floor. 91 Fook Wing Street. On premises.

King Kwong Street. On premises.

Y

15

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

C-Continued.

Cheung Ham Cheung Kam-chuen

Cheung Kin-wai

Cheung King-yuen Cheung Koon-ming

Cheung Kui Cheung, Peter Cheung Fong-tat

Cheung Pui-fan Cheung Shu-chun

Cheung Shung-hing Cheung Tat-chiu Cheung Tin-lee

Cheung U-pui.....

Cheung Wa-sun

Cheung Wai-man Cheung Wing-din * Cheung Wing-shing

Cheung Yau

Cheung, Yau-kuen

Andrew. Cheung Yeung

Cheung Yuen-chung

Cheverst, Percy Chew Tung-shan Cheyne, Jorge Chia Peng-hong. Chih Cheung-huang Chii Poyan Chik Wai-man Chik Yin-kai

Childe, Edgar Ronald Chin, George David Chin, Harry Chin, John Daniel

Chin, Stanley Arthur

Chin, Theodore

* Ching Hi-kwong

Clerk, Swedish Match Co. Bookkeeper, E. D. Sassoon Banking

Co., Ld.

Accountant, Garage Dept., H. K. &

Shanghai Hotels, Ld. Bookkeeper, Calif-Asia Co., Ld. Book-keeper, Kowloon Motor Bus

Co.

Clerk, Siemssen & Co.......

Manager, On Lok Yuen & Co., Ld.... Assistant, Ed. A. Keller & Co., Ld.

Clerk, Renter, Brockelmann & Co. Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia and China Assistant, Chase Bank Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co. Manager, Colonial Electric Co.

Assistant Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld,

Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia and China

Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld... Clerk, Jones Wong (Furniture) Co.... Assistant, Asia Life Insurance Co., Inc.. Storekeeper, China Light & Power

Co., Ld.

Merchant,

Foreman, China Light & Power Co.,

Ld.

Service Manager, Office Appliance

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Assistant, Hoy Yuen

Shipping Clerk, Connell Bros. Co., Ld.... Bookkeeper, Reiss. Bradley & Co., Ld.... Suh-Manager, Bank of Kwangsi Analyst, Franklin Laboratory Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld.. Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Secretary, China Underwriters, Ld. Assistant, Java-China-Japan Line.............. Assistant, U. S. Life Insurance Co... Manager, South China Manufacturing

and Exporting Co...... Rep., Thomas Cowan & Co. (China)..

Rep., Thomas Cowan & Co. (China).. Clerk, Deutsche Farben Handelsgesell-

schaft (Waibel & Co.)

Ching Kong-hu. William... Salesman, Eastman Kodak Co.

Ching Sik-wing

Chiong, Manuel

Accountant, Wm. Jack & Co., Ld.... Ground Eng., Far East Flying Training

School, Ld.

Chiu Cheung-fan, Willie... Director, S. C. Lay & Co., Ld.

Chiu Hon-sang Chiu Keung-wa

Chiu Sze-wai

Chiu Tse-ping

Assistant Mgr., East Asiatic Trading Co. Supervisor, West Coast Life Insurance

Co. of S.F..............

Clerk, Deutsche Farben Handelge-

sellschaft

Clerk. National Aniline & Chemical Co.

U.S.A.

143 Wanchai Road, 3rd floor.

20 Aplin Street, Shamshuipo.

109 Second Street.

8 Wing Hing Street.

On premises.

On premises.

11 Yuk Sau St., Happy Valley. 201 Nam Cheong Street, 1st floor,

Shamshuipo.

184 Tunglowan Road.

305 Jaffé Road.

36 Lockbart Road, 1st floor. 145 Lockhart Road,

13 Kwun Chung Street, 2nd floor,

Kowloon.

On premises.

147 Thompson Road. 36 Apliu Street, Shamsuipo. On premises.

80 Tung Lo Wan Road.

177 Wu Hu Street, 1st floor.

9 Norfolk Road, Kowloon Tong.

95 Argyle Street, Mongkok.

773 Nathan Road, Kowloon. On premises.

382 Lockhart Road. 74 High Street, 2nd floor. 69 Spring Garden Lane, 2nd floor. 10 Queen's Road Central. 307 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor. 159 Sai Yee St., Shamsuipo. 22 Sai Woo Lane, 1st floor. 8 Carnarvon Building, Kowloon. 165 Sai Yee Street, Mongkoktsui. 7 Wing Wah Terrace, 3rd floor.

116 Caine Road, ground floor. 30 Blue Pool Road, 1st floor,

Happy Valley.

9 Arbuthnot Road.

129 Cheung Sha Wan Road, 1st fl.,

Shamshuipo.

11 Hok Sze Terrace, 2nd floor,

Pokfulam.

299 Hennessy Road, 2nd floor.

734 Nathan Road, Kowloon. 35 Kimberley Road, Kowloon. On premises.

21 Yuk Sau Street, Happy Valley.

169 Lockhart Road.

1 Mosque Street, Top floor.

NAME IN FULL.

16

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

C—Continued.

Choa Hin-kee

Choa, James

Choa Po-min

Choa Yau-cheong

Choi Tsi-chuen

Chong Mui-fatt Chow Cham-wing Chow, George Luke * Chow Hon-shu

Chow Kwok-huen Chow On-tseung

Chow Ping-un Chow Sau-yue Chow Tseh-sung

Chow Yat-koong

Chow Yoh-shee Chow Yung

Choy Chung-tong Choy Jak-min

Choy, James Tungsang... Choy Ping-zan Choy, Rudolf

Choy Sai-piu

Choy Wah-king

Choy Wing-chin

Choy Woo-chung

Choy Yuen-shuek

Christensen, Engelhardt

Chu Kai-yu Chu Kam-piu

Chu Kar-chun

Chu Kun-sun

Chu Wah-fong

Chu Yuen-chee Chua Teck-hong

Chubb, Stanford Frank..... Chuey, Lionel Bisice Chui, Charles-lum

Chui Chung Chui Hong-fan Chui Jack-man

Chun Kon-chee

Chung Chi-hei

Chung Kam-tong

Chung King-sun.......

Chung Kum-chuen.......

Factory Supervisor, Davie, Boag & Co.,

Ld.

Assistant Compradore, Nederlandsch

Indische Handelsbank, N.V. Broker, Exchange Building

Sales Agent, National Cash Register

Co.

Sales Agent, National Cash Register

Co.

Ajc. Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld. Clerk, National City Bank of New York. Clerk, National City Bank of N.Y. Clerk, Thomson & Co.

Clerk, Wing On Bank, Ld. Mechanic, World Pencil Co., Ld......

Director, Yuen On S.S. Co., Ld. Assistant, W. A. Hannibal & Co., Ld. Assistant Manager, Union Commercial

Co.

Sub-Manager, China Emporium,

Ld.

Assistant Engineer, Palmer & Turner. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S. C.)

Ld.

Assistant, Maison F. Mathieu S. A. Accountant, Lloyd Triestino Secretary, The Sun Co., Ld.

Assistant, Swan, Culbertson & Fritz Salesman, Bosco Radio Corporation... Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld........

Clerk, Chase Bank

Secretary, Star Taxicab Co., Ld. Clerk, Whiteaway, Laidlaw & Co., Ld... Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Merchant, Christensen & Co.

Sub-Manager, Ilford, Ld. Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Clerk, Deutsche Farben Handelge-

sellschaft

Assistant, Insurance Co. of North

America

Clerk, China Light & Power Co.,

Ld.

Clerk, N. Mohamedally

Draughtsman, China Light & Power

Co.. Ld.

Superintendent, Peak Tramways Co., Ld. Clerk, Raoul Bigazzi

Act: Manager, Underwriters

Savings Bank

Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld... Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld. Chinese Asst. Manager, M. Beraha...

Draughtsman, China Light & Power Co.,

Ld.

Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co.................| Manager, Wing Sang Hong

Yard Foreman, H.K. & China Gas Co.,

Ld.

Clerk, H.K. & China Gas Co., Ld..

c/o. Davie, Boag & Co., Ld., Quarry

Bay.

95 Robinson Road. 12 Macdonnell Road.

182 Jaffé Road, 2nd floor.

90 Saigon Road, 2nd floor,

Kowloon.

58 Argyle Street. 12 Hing Hon Road.

70 Parkes Street, 2nd floor, Kowloon 63 Sing Wo Road. On premises.

216 Tung Choi Street, 1st floor,

Mongkoktsui.

12 Hing Hon Road.

17 Peel Street, 2nd floor.

30-32 Des Voeux Road C.

On premises. 137 Jaffé Road.

On premises.

5 Jordan Rd., Top fil., Kowloon. 156 Lockhart Road. 2 Park Road.

Tai Hang Street.

5 Broadwood Road.

210 Cheung Sha Wan Road, 2nd

floor, Shamsuipo.

226 Jaffé Road, 2nd floor, Wanchai. 12 Macdonnell Road.

100 Fook Wing Street, 1st floor. On premises.

Kimberley Villas, 3 Kimberley

Road, Kowloon.

4 Tsap Tsung Street, Happy Valley 323 Hennessy Road.

19 Staunton Street.

Chinese, Y.M.C.A.

156 Fa Yuen St., Mongkoktsui. 4 Peking Road, Kowloon.

366 Nathan Road, Kowloon. 50в The Peak.

29 Nam Chang Street.

19 Kent Road, Kowloon Tong. 19 Old Bailey Street.

186 Wanchai Road, 1st floor. 269 Cheung Sha Wan Road,

Shamsuipo.

206 Sai Yeung Choi Street, 2nd fl.,

Mongkoktsni.

On premises.

17 Robinson Road, 1st floor.

363 Des Voeux Road West, 3rd floor. 293 Lockhart Road.

NAME IN FULL.

17

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

C-Continued.

Chung Leung-chuen Chung Pack-cheung Chung Shau-ki *Chung Shun-cheung

Chung Sui-on

Chung Ue-kong Henry Chung Wai-ting...... Church, Charles Joselyn

Church, Samuel Shriver

Churn, Edwin Johnsford

Macomber

Clague, James Wilton......

Clark, Duncan Hughson

Clark, Richard Ferguson * Clark, Seth William

Clark, Walter Charles

Clemo, Alfred Bertram

Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld. Clerk, Linstead & Davis

Manager, Dennis, & Co., Ld. Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld. Assistant, Union Insurance Society

of Canton, Ld. Compradore, Linstead & Davis Assistant, Ed. A. Keller & Co., Ld. Director, Advertising & Publicity

Bureau, Ld........ Sub-Manager, National City Bank of

New York

Assistant, China Provident Loan &

Mortgage Co., Ld.........................

Passenger Agent, American

President Lines, Ld. Chemist, Taikoo Sugar Refining

Co., Ld.

Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refining Co., Ld. Manager, Travel Advisers

Assistant Manager, H.K. Telephone

Co., L.

Assistant Accountant, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

Clemo, Frederick Charles... Superintendent, China Light & Power

Clemow, Wilfred Percy......

Coates, Alfred Edward Coates, William Henry

Everest

Coelho, Alvaro José .... Coelho, Carlos Eugune Coelho, Cezar Augusto

Coldren, Sam

Coleman, Thomas

Collaço, Francis Joseph

Collaço, Francisco Cecilio... Colls, John Baxter... Collis, John Richard Conceição, José Maria de Connolly, Francis Cooper, George William Cooper, Hugh Glen

Cordeiro, Luiz Gonzaga Cordeiro, Procopio Antonio Corra, Henry

Correa, Charles Marcelino... Costa, Eusebio da

Costa, Frederico Güillelino

Meira da

Costa, Lourenço Antonio da Costa, Raul.......................... Costello, George Edward

Cotton, John Thomas Coull, David

Co., Ltd.

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard & Engi-

neering Co. of H. K. Ld. Clerk, H.K. Tramways, Ld.

Div. Mgr., British-American Tobacco

Co. (China), Ld............. Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.. Clerk, Nederlandsch Indische Handels-

bank, N.V....

Mine Supt., H. K. Mines, Ld. Blacksmith, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Clerk, H. K. Electric Co., Ld. Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Shipping Clerk, Bank Line, Ld. Clerk, J. P. Klink

......

Foreman, Taikoo Sugar Refining Co., Ld.. Manager, H.K. Meat & Dairy Produce Co. Shipbuilder, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Lư.

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Clerk, Palmer & Turner

Manager, L. Rondon & Co., Ld. Accountant, Swan, Culbertson & Fritz Assistant, H.K. & Kowloon Wharf &

Godown Co., Ld.

Bookkeeper, Jardine Engineering

Corporation, Ld......................

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co.......] Clerk, H.K. Electric Co, Ld................ Passenger Agent, Canadian Pacific

Steamships, Ld.

Manager, Central Radio Service Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard & Engi-

neering Co. of H. K. Ld.

146 Fa Yuen Street, Mongkoktsui. 4 Babington Path, Ground floor. On premises.

18 Graham Street, Ground floor.

4 Woi On Lane.

19 Bonham Road. 4 Thomson Road,

On premises.

Kowloon.

199 Prince Edward Road, Flat E.,

Kowloon.

53 Conduit Road.

Knutsford Hotel, Kowloon.

1 Braemar Terrace, Quarry Bay. 5 Braemar Terrace, Quarry Bay. 11 Bayview Mansions, Ground

floor.

118 The Peak.

Kowloon Tong Substation.

Flat D., China Light & Power,

Waterloo Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

4 Village Villas, Happy Valley.

19 Peak Mansions. 420 Hennessy Road.

71 Chun Yeung Street, 1st floor.

25 Taipo Road, Kowloon. On premises.

On premises.

4 Liberty Avenue, Homuntin.

159 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon. On premises.

167 The Peak,

8 Tung Cheong Building, Kowloon. 4 Braemar Terrace, Quarry Bay. 94 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

1-3 Mallory Street, Kowloon. 29 Jordan Road, Kowloon.

23 Shouson Hill Road,

2 Liberty Avenue, Homuntin.

1 Ashley Road, 1st floor, Kowloon.

62 Waterloo Road, Top floor,

Kowloon.

25 Kimberley Road, Kowloon. 1 Ningpo Street, 3rd floor, Kowloon.

Repulse Bay Hotel.

27 Kimberley Road, Ground floor.

On premises.

..

NAME IN FULL.

C-Continued.

18

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

Coulson, Ernest William

Cowie, Henry John Cox, Albert Rowland

Crabbe, William Gordon..

Craig, Robert Gilchrist.

Crawford, Alexander Crawford, George William

Kenneth

Crestejo, Alfred Augusto * Crichton, William

Crofton, Christopher

Crommelin, Willem Constant

Crookdake, Jonathan.........

Crowden, Sydney Claud.. Cruz, Arthur Richard

Cruz, Felisberto Francisco da

Cruz, Florencio Antonio

Maria da...

Assistant, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld....... Assistant, Butterfield & Swire... Electrical Engineer, H.K. Electric

Co., Ld.

Sub-Accountant, Chartered Bank of

India, Australia & China Chief Dranghtsman, H.K. & Whampoa

Dock Co., Ld

Supt. Engineer, Butterfield & Swire.

Electrical Engineer, H.K. Electric

Co., Ltd.

Clerk, Kunst & Albers

Foreman, W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld. Assistant Station Superintendent, China

Light & Power Co., Ld. Assistant Manager, Java-China-Japan

Line.....

St. John's Apartments. On premises.

H.E.C. Quarters, 8 Causeway Hill.

2 Bowen Mansions, 6 Bowen Rd.

On premises. On premises.

H.E.C. Quarters, 10 Causeway Hill. 16 King Kwong Street.

97 Leighton Hill Road.

247 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon.

58 The Peak.

·

On premises.

Engineer, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld. Assistant, Butterfield & Swire. Clerk, Chartered Bank of India

Australia & China. Assistant, Caldbeck, Macgregor & Co.,

Ld.

Foreman, Vibro Piling Co., Ld....

Cruz, Saturnino Maria de, Jr. Clerk, Nederlandische Indische Handels-

Cruz, Turibio José Cullen, Fred.

Cunha, Cezar Augusto Cunha, Frederico Nathalio...

Cunningham, Albert Laing. Cunningham, William

Cunningham, William Leon.. Curreem, Abdul...................... Curtis, Erie Charles Frank...

Cutcher, Ernest Stanley

....

bank N.V.

Clerk, H. K. & Shanghai Bank Store-keeper, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Green Island Cement Co., Ld. Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China Clerk, Canadian Pacific S.S., Ld. Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld. Engineer, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Assistant, A. F. Arculli & Sons Butcher, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld... Butcher, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld.....

On premises.

304 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

35 Hankow Road, 2nd fl., Kowloon.

198 Ma Tau Chung Road, 1st floor.

3 Mosque Junction.

236 Tung Choi St., Mongkoktsui.

On premises.

35 Granville Road, Kowloon.

6 King's Terrace, Kowloon. 244 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

Quarry Bay.

24 Fort Street, 1st floor. 56 Kennedy Road.

78A Nathan Road, Kowloon,

Metropole Hotel.

D

D'Asis, Salvador

Dallah, Abraham Rayman

Dalrymple, Bruce Hew..... Dalziel, Adam Gray Dalziel, James MacDonald Danenberg, Reinaldo Carlos "David, Maurice

Davis, Claude Trenchard

Artist Photographer, D'Asis Studio Assistant, Unión Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld...

Assistant, Douglas Lapraik & Co.. Manager, H.K. Dairy Supply Co...... Engineer, H.K. Telephone Co., Ld. Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co. Contact-man, Swan, Culbertson & Fritz. Assistant, Douglas Lapraik & Co.........

20 Village Road, Ground floor.

82A Stone Nullah Lane, Top floor. Y.M.C.A., Kowloon. The Hermitage, 42 Kennedy Rd. Peninsula Hotel.

21 Cameron Road, Kowloon. Dina House, Duddell Street. 11A Carnarvon Road, Kowloon.

NAME IN

19

FULL.

OCCUPATION.

D-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Davis, Richard Leslie

Davis, Thomas

Assistant, Texas Co., (China) Ld... Assistant, Engineer, H.K. Telephone

Co., Ld.

Davreux, George Maurice... Estate Agent, Credit Foncier d'Extreme

Deacon, Stuart

Deane, Barry O'Meara Decker, Harvey Leroy Delcourt, Armand Hippolyte

Dedeoglon, Hippocrate.....

Demee, Alfred

Demee, David Edward

Mary

Denison, William Ellery Dennis, Albert James Dettinger, Edgar

Devaux, Raymond Eugene

Marie

Dew, Boon-seng

Dewani, Utoomal Amrumal. Dick, John

Diercks, Alfred Chihli

Dietrich, Paul Dimond, Aubrey Kieran

Dinsdale, Herbert Suelson Ditta, Bhagwan Divett, Geoffrey Edward

Ross...

Do Ki-sui Dobrovalsky, Sergei

Pavolvich

Donavanik, Ari

Dorabjee, William Edward.. Doran, Arthur

Dow, Alexander Toohey Drake, William Stanley... Drayanani, Kishinchand

Bassarmall Dreyer, Holger Drummond, Ahmed Dryburgh, John Clunie.

Dubois, Jean

Duckworth, Ferdinand

Farrant

Duclos, Gordon

Dudman, William Forest

Orient..

Electrical Engineer, H.K. Electric

Co., Lưu

5 Hankow Road, Kowlooù.

251 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon.

300 Prince Edward Road, Flat 4,

Kowloon.

H.E.C. Quarters, 4 Causeway Hill.

24 Broadwood Road.

Assistant, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld. Watson's Apartment, Watson Road. Assistant, Texas Co. (China), Ld:- Manager, Compagnie Optorg

Merchant, Graeco Egyptian Coffee &

Tobacco Store

3

Assistant, H.K. Engineering &

Construction Co., Ld.

Assistant, Ellis & Edgar..

Assistant, Chase Bank

Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld.

Assistant, Deutsche Farben-Handelsge-

sellschaft, (Waibel & Co.).................

Manager, Far East Oxygen & Acetylene]

Co., Ld.

Radio Engineer, General Electric Co.

of China, Ld.

Salesman, Tajmahal Silk Store Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Wharfinger, H.K. Yaumati Ferry Co.,

Ld.

Clerk, Carlowitz & Co. Acting Manager, Peninsula Hotel, H.K.

& Shanghai Hotels, Ld.. Merchant, James H. Backhouse, Ld..... Merchant, Oriental American Agencies...

District Manager, West Coast Life Insurance Co. of San Francisco Clerk, American Express Co., Inc.

Asst. Representative, China United

Lamp Co.

Typist, Utoomal & Assudamal & Co... Assistant, Union Trading Co., Ld. Assistant, Hume Pipe (F. E.) Ld..... Assistant, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld... Merchant, Gordon's, Ld...

Salesman, Tajmahal Silk Store

Import Manager, Shewan, Tomes & Co.. Engineer, H.K. & Shanghai Hotels, Ld.. Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineer-

ing Co. of H.K., Ld.... Assistant Manager, Sennet Fréres

Electrical Engineer, H.K. Electric

Co., Ld.

Agent, Singer Sewing Machine Co. Spares Department Manager, Far East

Aviation Co., Ld.

Dudoff, Harold Samuel... Assistant, Universal Pictures Corp:

of China

312 Prince Edward Road, Top floor,

Kowloon,

5 Arbuthnot Road.

19 Victory Avenue, Homuntin.

18 Victory Avenue, Homuntin.

6 Conduit Road,

138 Kennedy Rond.

Lyemoon Building, 20 Chatham

Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

15 Bonham Road. 21 Robinson Road. 144 Argyle Street, Mongkok.

Jubilee Pier. Kowloon Hotel.

Peninsula Hotel.

11 Tregunter Mansions, May Road. 80 Hennessy Road, 2nd floor.

Knutsford Hotel, Kowloon. 223 Jaffé Road, 3rd floor,

8 Hanoi Road, Kowloon. 129 Caine Road.

St. Joseph's Building.

9 Mile Castle Peak Road. 108 The Peak.

30 College Road, Kowloon,

21 Robinson Road.

1 Kent Road, Kowloon Tong. 353 Hennessy Road, 1st floor.

On premises. 3 Gap Road.

H.E.C. Quarters, No. 2 N.P.

3 Tregunter Mansions.

37 Kimberley Road, Kowloon.

Chatham Apartments, Kowloon.

20

i

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

D-Continued.

Duff, William Alfred

Henry.

Duncan, Andrew

Duncan, George Duncan, James Herbert

Swan

Duncan, Llewellin

Arthur Robert

Dunlop, Robert Paterson Dunnett, John Stewart Dupuy, James Thomas... Durrschmidt, Henry Charles Dworjak, Charles Engle-

berth

E

Eager, John Cawley

Vice-President, Underwriters

Bank for the Far East

Junior Engineer, China Light & Power

Co., Lữ.

Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co., Ld.......

Charge Engineer, China Light & Power

Co., Lữ.

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld.

Test Engineer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Banker, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Banker, H. K. & Shanghai Bank Engineer, Standard Vacuum Oil Co.

Electrician, H.K. Mines, Ld.

293 The Peak.

135 Waterloo Road, Kowloon. 24 Broadwood Road.

4 Duke Street, Kowloon Tong.

On premises.

2 Causeway Hill, H.E.C. Quarters. 353 The Peak. 10 The Peak. 513 The Peak.

On premises.

Eastgate, Geoffrey Lancelot.

Assistant, Jardine Matheson & Co., Ld... Assistant Manager, South British Ins.

Co., L.

On premises.

On premises.

Eastman, Alfred Leonard

George

Edgar, Joseph Jacob.............. Edgar, Thomas Herbert.. Edwards, Frank Edwards, John Wheeler.

Egge, Walter

Elarte, Franklin Juliano Elarte, Leonardo Antonio... Elenbaas, Pieter Marie...

Ellacott, Terence Charles

Elias, Edward Leopold... Elliott, Frederick Arthur

Milburn Ellis, Arthur Cecil..

Elms, Paul Andrew

Emmert, John Barrett

Encarnação, Charles

Joseph

Engels, Hendrik Arnold..

Eriksson, Theodorus

Adrianus

Assistant, H.K. & Kowloon Wharf &

Godown Co., Ld. Assistant, Ellis & Edgar Baker, Lane, Crawford, Ld. Engineer, Dodwell & Co., Ld. Assistant Manager, Calif-Asia Co.,

Ld.

Manager, Kunst & Albers

Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld.... Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Civil Engineer, Netherlands Harbour Works, Co., Hong Kong Agency.. Assistant Engineer, H.K. & China Gas

Co., Lư.

Partner, S. E. Levy & Co.......

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire....... Insurance Manager, New Zealand

Insurance Co., Ld..

Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co.

Assistant General Manager, Standard-

Vacuum Oil Co.......

On premises.

1 Duddell Street.

82 Morrison, Hill Road. 160 Austin Road, Kowloon.

3 Cameron Road, Kowloon. Peninsula Hotel.

16 Fort Street, North Point. 16 Fort Street, North Point.

Gloucester Hotel Room 620.

Gas Works, West Point. St. John's Apartment Room 3.

On premises.

62 Macdonnell Road.

215 Wanchai Road.

9 Magazine Gap.

68 Conduit Road.

Broker, China Cotton & Yarn Co...... Royal Court, Kowloon. Cashier, Nederlandsche Indische

Handelsbank, N. V. ..........

Assistant, Java-China-Japan Lijn.

Erskine, Thomas David.. Assistant, Butterfield & Swire...

Escher, Georg

Esmail, Hajee Ahmed Esmail, Hajee Esmail Esmail, Rahman Hajee

"Abdul

Esmail, Usuf Hajee

Essig, Emile

Evans, James...

Evans, Norman Leslie

Everett, Arthur George...... Excell, William Charles

Eymard, Emile

Chief Clerk, Kunst & Albers............. Merchant, H.M.H. Esmail & Sons. Merchant, H.M.H. Esmail & Sons.

Merchant, A.R.H. Esmail

Merchant, H.M.H. Esmail & Sons..... Partner, Swan, Culbertson & Fritz Engineer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Mercantile Asst., Butterfield & Swire Engineer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Assistant Cargo Supt., H.K. & Kowloon

Wharf & Godown Co.. Ld. Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld.

8 Conduit Road. On premises.

76 Taipo Road, Kowloon.

9 Village Road, Ground floor. 9 Village Road, Ground floor.

171 Sai Yee Street, Top floor,

Mongkoktsui.

9 Village Road, Ground floor. Enidville, Repulse Bay.

8 Lau Shing Street, Top floor. On premises.

6 North Point, H.E.C. Quarters.

On premises.

14 Carnarvon Road, Kowloon.

*

21

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

F

ADDRESS.

Faggiano, Joseph Eugene... Secretary, H.K. Mines, Ld.

Fan, Anthony

Fan Chi-kuen

Fan Ho-yuen

Fan Kwai-chong

Fancey, Jack

Fantham, Henry Harold

Faria, Francisco Xavier

Lobato de

Faria, Saturnino Sergio

Lobato de. Faris, Muh'd.

Farmer, Clarence Leimpster

Farne, Francis Henry

Farnud, Hassan Farquhar, John Wallace

Farrell, Robert Emmet Fattydad, F. M. Feimann, Victor Erwin...

Fenton, George Lambert

Ferguson, James Carson Ferguson, Malcolm Fergusson, Thomas.........

Fergusson, William

Arthur Alexander.....

Fernandes, Antão Vasques

Fernandes, Felisberto An-

tonio Bernabe Carajota. Fernandes, Francisco

Ernesto Carajota

Fernandes, Ignacio

Miguel

Fiebig, Henrich Edouard Field, William Valentine....

Figueiredo, Charles

Augustus

Figueiredo, Eduardo José

de, Jr.

Figueiredo, Ernesto

Augusto

Figueiredo, Henrique

Alberto de

Fincher, Ernest Francis Fingalsen, Odd Erik

U. S. Life Insurance Co.

Knutsford Hotel, Kowloon. 15 Leighton Hill Road.

Compradore, Reiss, Bradley & Co., Ld.... 39 Wongneichong Road.

Assistant, Imperial Chemicals

Industries (China) Ld.

Clerk, Central Trading Co....... Clerk, China Light & Power Co.,

Ld.

Wharfinger, H.K. & Kowloon Wharf &

Godown Co., Ld..............

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Clerk, H. K. & Shanghai Bank Clerk, National Carbon Co. Fed.

Inc. U. S. A.

Shipping Manager, Douglas Steamship

Co., La.

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, L.......

Assistant, H.M.H. Nemazee Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refining

Co., Ltd.

Engineer, H.K. Telephone Co., Ld. Assistant, U. Spalinger & Co. S. A.... Managing Partner, Bornemann & Co.

Director, West River Transportation &

Trading Co., Ld.

Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineering

Co. of H.K., Ld.......... Electrician, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Craft Supt., H.K. & Kowloon Wharf &

Godown Co., Ld..........

......

Manager, Marcel Cafe

Assistant Engineer, H. K. & Shanghai Hotels, Ld.

Clerk, American President Lines, Ld..

Bookkeeper, American President

Lines, Ld.

Assistant, H. K. Brewery &

Distillery, Ld.

Assistant, Jebsen & Co. Harbour Representative, Peninsula

Hotel

Instructor, School of Accountancy

& Commerce

Assistant, Hughes & Hough, Ld.

On premises.

On premises.

186 Nathan Rd., 1st fl., K'loon.

On premises.

25 Caroline Hill Road.

1 Emma Avenue, Homuntin.

234 Gloucester Road, 1st floor.

5A Pratt Building, Kowloon.

71 Tung Choi Street, Mongkok tsui. 56 Macdonnell Road.

7 Braemar Terrace. 453 The Peak.

8 Stewart Road, Top floor. 3b King's Park Mansions,

23 Austin Road, Kowloon.

239 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

On premises.

12 Tak Shing Street, Kowloon.

On premises.

96 Parkes Street, Kowloon.

8 Kwong Ming Street, 1st floor.

40 Fort Street.

297 To Kwa Wan Road,

Mataukok.

10 Tak Shing Street, Kowloon.

2 Observatory Road, Kowloon.

1 Peace Avenue, Homuntin.

2 York Road, Kowloon Tong.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co....... 112 Argyle Street, Mongkok.

Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld. Assistant, Gilman & Co., Ld. Draughtsman, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld..

1 United Terrace, Homuntin.

On premises.

On premises.

22

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

F-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Finlayson, Peter Anton............. Finnie, John

Fisher, Alfred Edward Fisher, Arthur Leslie... Flanagan, Brian Thomas. Flatow, Dietrich Fleming, Joseph

Fleming, William Nicholson Fletcher, Beey Peter Charr.

Flindt, Willi Franz Fok, Joe

Fok Kam-kwong

Fok Kee-wai

Fok Wa-hoi

Foh Wing-cho Foug Iu-ping Foug King-chew

Fong Shin-chuen

Fong, Stanley.... Fong Yuk-shan

Fonseca, José Maria Foo Ping-yuen

Forbes, Donald

Forbes, Duncan Douglas * Ford, William Falconer

*

Forder, George

Forman, Cedric

Forster, John Jacob

Forsyth, William Rennie

Fountain, Herbert John..

Fowler, William Horton Fowles, Evelyn Arthur

Russell

Fox, Henry Leslie..... Fox, John Henry Fox, Norman Percy Fox, William Alfred

Foy, Hago Eric

Franco, Eduardo Miguel Fraser, Alexander Fraser, Archibald Dick

Fraser, Joseph

Frederick, Ernest Cecil.... Frisque, Gordon

Bookseller, Kelly & Walsh, Ld....... Manager, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineer-

ing Co. of H.K., Ld. ..

Service Man, Central Radio Service Engineer, H.K. Telephone Co., Ld. Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co.. Clerk, Carlowitz & Co.

Diver, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineering

Co. of H.K., Ld.....................

Engineer, Davie, Boag & Co., Ld..................... Engineer & Manager, H. J. Moysey

& Co., Ld...

Merchant, Grotjahn & Co. Merchant, Richfield Trading Co....... Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China Clerk, Millington, Id...

Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Assistant Manager, F. L. Jones & Co.... Assistant Manager, Dodge & Seymour,

(China), Ld...

Assistant, Chase Bank

Assistant, Radio & Electric Service Draughtsman, H. K. & Shanghai

Hotels, Ld.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co....... Assistant, China Provident Loan &

Mortgage Co., Ld.

Director, Bank Line, Ld.

Manager, Andersen, Meyer & Co., Ld. ... Assistant, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Manager, Whiteaway, Laidlaw &

Co., Ltd.

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld.

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineer-

ing Co. of H.K., Ld.. Time-keeper, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., L.

Assistant Manager, Anderson Music

Co., Ld.

Mill Superintendent, H.K. Mines, Ld. ...

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld.

Assistant, Wallace, Harper & Co., Ld.... Manager, Office Appliance Co., Ld. Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Secretary, H.K. & Kowloon Cinema

Co., Ld.

Banker, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Assistant, Butterfield & Swire.... Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineer-

ing Co. of H.K., Ld.

Engineer, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ltd.

Exchange Broker, A. & S. Hancock...... Manager, Eastman Kodak Co.

On premises.

On premises.

31 Sau Wan Fong, 2nd floor. 22 Stubbs Road.

On premises.

134 Austin Road, Kowloon.

Quarry Bay.

2 St. John's Apartments,

4 Ashley Road, Ground floor,

Kowloon.

30 College Road, Kowloon Tong. 7 Hing Hon Road.

14 Bonham Road.

82 Hollywood Road.

105 Hollywood Road, 2nd floor. On premises.

9 Queen's Road East, 2nd floor.

49 Shing Wo Road, 3rd floor,

Happy Valley.

12 Connaught Road West.

21 King Kwong Street, 2nd floor.

64 Hennessy Road.

47A Robinson Road.

381 Lockhart Road, Top floor. On premises.

4 Peak Mansions.

Hong Kong Office.

18 Dorset Crescent, Kowloon Tong.

North Point Installation.

On premises.

On premises.

S. & S. Home. On premises.

On premises.

60 Nga Tsin Wai Road, Top floor. 112 Boundary Street, Kowloon. On premises.

63 Robinson Road.

10 The Peak.

2 Leighton Hill Road.

On premises.

Quarry Bay.

On premises.

Overbays, Repulse Bay. Dina House.

?

23

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

F-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Fu Wing-lee

Clerk, Eastman Kodak Co.

Fuertes, Domingo Pascual... Assistant, British American Tobacco

Fuk Ha-yu

Funck, Ernst Fung Chack-lau

Fung Chie-ping Fung Ho-po Fung Hon-chu Fung lu-cheung Fung Iu-kee Fung Kai-leung Fung Kam-kin Fung Kim-cheung *Fung Kim-wali

Fung Kung-sha Fung Kwok-wa

Fung Ling-yee

Fung Man-sui Fung Man-yin Fung Nai-bang Fung Ping-fan Fung Pui-ying

Fung Shan-pok *Fung Shin-tsoi

Fung Shin-chung Fung Shiu-hong

Fung Shun-choy

Fung Tak-ming Fung Tsun

Fung

Yin-ho

Fung Yin-kwau Fung Yiu-leung. Fung Yin-po Fung Yum-leung

Fung Yun-chi

Funnell, William Edwin

...

Co. (China), Ld...................... Engineer, Marsman, H. K. China,

Ld.

Merchant, Jebsen & Co..

Comp. Clerk, Green Island Cement

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Reiss, Bradley & Co., Ld..... A/c. Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld. Manager, Li & Fung, Ld.

Manager, Tai Shan Insurance Co., Ld.... Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld. Clerk, Java-China-Japan Line Cashier, Repulse Bay Hotel Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Manager, Hung Tai & Fung Co....... Compradore, Green Island Cement

Co., Ld.

Artist, Kobza Art Studios, Ld.

Compradore, Harry, Wicking & Co., Ld. Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld. Export Manager, Hang Tai & Fung Co. Secretary, Chinese Estates, Ld. Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co.,

Ld.

Assistant, Arnhold Trading Co. Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld. Manager, Che San & Co.

Assistant, Reuter, Brockelmann

& Co.

Clerk, H. K. Meat & Dairy

Produce Co.

Salesman, Eastman Kodak Co. Architect, G. G. Hewlitt & T. Fung. Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld. Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld. Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Clerk, Bodiker & Co.

Assistant Bookkeeper, H.K. Telephone

Co., Ld.

Compradore, Reuter, Brockelmann

& Co.

Assistant, H.K. Brewery & Distillery,

Ld.

182 Prince Edward Rd., Kowloon.

49 Haiphong Road, Kowloon.

244 Jaffé Road.

10 Tak Shing Street, Kowloon.

102 Gloucester Road, 2nd floor. 297 Hennessy Road. Lot 405, Kai Tack. On premises.

3 Third Street.

6 Lo Lung Hang Street, 2nd floor. 141 Hollywood Road. On premises. On premises. On premises. On premises.

32 Fung Wing Street, Kowloon, 818 King's Rd., New Quarry

Point.

3 Leong Fai Terrace.

2 Tin Lok Lane.

53 Queen's Road Central, 2nd floor. On premises.

228 Third Street.

50 Young Shi Street, 3rd floor. 4 To Li Terrace, Kennedy Town. On premises.

26 Tai Hang Road.

56 Robinson Road.

21 Fung Fai Terrace. 1 Bowrington Path.

11 Lan Kwai Fong.

299 Jaffé Road, 2nd floor.

50% Nathan Road, 1st floor, K’loon, 67 Pokfulam Road, Ground floor.

20 Staunton Street.

26 Tai Hang Road.

58 Canton Road, 1st floor, Kowloon.

G

Gaag, Reyer Wynandus

Willem Theodoor van der

Accountant, Nederlandsche Handel-

Maatschappij N. V.

Gaan, Marcus Alberto..... Clerk, National City Bank of

Gaan, Martin José.

Gaddi, Leopold

Gafoor, Sheikh Abdool

New York

Accountant, British-American Tobacco

Co. (China), Ld.

Chief, H.K. Hotel

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld..........

On premises.

10 Observatory Villas, Kowloon.

10 Observatory Vllas, Kowloon. On premises.

5 Hysan Avenue, 2nd floor.

24

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

G-Continued.

Gabagan, Cyril Edwin

Gan Sik-tin

Garch, Cheung

Garcia, Alexander

Garcia, Flavio Maria....

Gardner, Aubrey George. Gardner, Louis Gardner, Walter

Gardner, William Austin

Gardner, William Dempster Garner, Leigh..

Gascon, Antonio Gaubert, Edward Arthur

Geall, William James

Geer, Robert Gerald

Geissler, Paul

Geldart, Frank Stanley......

Gellman, Boris Abraham Genrich, Ernst August Gerloff, Kurt

.....

Gerrard, George...

Ghafur, Abdul Curreem Ghani, Abdul

...

Gibson, Adna Wallace Gibson, Lachlan Alexander

Gidwani, Kishinchand

Khubchand Gill, Andrew Vincent

Gill, David Joseph..... Gill, Francisco Antonio...... Gill, John Cawthra

Gillard, George Michael. Gillies, Hamilton Oliver

Gilmore, David James

Gilroy, James Boyd

Gingle, Edward Francis Gislon, Antonio. Gittins, William Minto Gleed, Percy Shellabear.

Glendinning, Lyall James

Scott Glover, Francis Harry

Glueckauf, Hermann Go Shing-kiem

Gold, Martin

Electrial Engineer, H.K. Electric

Co., Lư.

Clerk, Jebsen & Co.

Bookkeeper, Williamsen & Co. Clerk, American President Lines, Ld. Clerk, Nederlandsch Indische Handels-

bank, N.V.....

Assistant, H. K. Electric Co., Ld... Sales Manager, Far East Motors Assistant Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld.

Traffic Inspector, H. K. Tramways

Ld.

Engineer, China Light & Power Co., Ld. Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.......

Assistant, Wallace Harper & Co., Ld. Mercantile Assistant, Jardine,

Matheson & Co., Ld...

Assistant Engineer, H.K. Telephone

Co., Ld.

Mercantile Assistant, Jardine,

Matheson & Co., Ld............. Assistant, Peterson & Co. Assistant Manager, British American

Tobacco Co. (China), Ld... Reception Clerk, Repulse Bay Hotel.. Merchant, Schmidt & Co. Merchant, Jebsen & Co.

Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineering

Co. of H.K., Ld................

...

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.. Manager, Lahore Tailoring House.... Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co... Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld.

H.E.C. Quarters, No. 9 Causeway

Hill.

382 Hennessy Road, 2nd floor. 40 Yiu Wah Street.

12 Jordan Road, 3rd floor, Kowloon,

32 Granville Road, Kowloon. 4 Railway Quarters, Kowloon. 131 Chan Yuen Street, North Point.

140 Kennedy Road.

9 Bay View Mansions. 287 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon.

114 The Peak.

2 Caroline Road, 2nd floor.

Jardine's Bungalow, East Point.

LA Luna Building, Kowloon.

107 The Peak, On premises.

19 Peak Mansions. On premises.

4 Li Kwan Avenue. 14 Broadwood Road.

Quarry Bay.

443 Hennessy Road, 3rd floor. On premises. 114 ThePeak.

On premises.

Clerk, Utoomal & Assudamal & Co.... 39 Wyndham Street. Accountant, Imperial Airways

(Far East), Ld.

Assistant, Far East Motors Clerk, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews Assistant, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld...... Manager, Royal Court Hotel Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld. Accountant, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China

Accountant, E. D. Sassoon Banking

Co., Ld.

Proprietor, Palace Hotel

Steward, Peninsula Hotel

Electrical Engineer. W. Jack & Co., Ld. Office Manager, British American Tobacco Co. (China), Ld.

Assistant, Mackintosh's, Ld..... Assistant General Manager, H.K.

Tramways, Ld.

Engineer, Kunst & Albers Manager, Swie Hong Handel Maats-

chappij, N.V.

Salesman, S. E. Levy & Co.

Knutsford Hotel, Kowloon.

8 Granville Road, Kowloon. 11 Humpreys Avenue, Kowloon.

Equine Sports Club, Shatin, On premises.

On premises.

376 The Peak.

Gloucester Hotel. On premises.

On premises.

4 Suffolk Road, Kowloon Tong.

31 Lugard Road, The Peak.

7 Wang Fung Terrace.

359 The Peak. Peninsula Hotel.

20 Connaught Road Central. Gloucester Hotel.

25

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

G-Continued.

*Goldau, Alexander

Gottfried

Goldenberg, Charles

Archibald

Goldenberg, Isaac Levy Goldin, Constantin. Goldman, Lawrence Gomes, Augusto Conceição

Gomes, Antonio dos

Santos

Gomes, Arthur Ernest

Gomes, Francisco Xavier Gomes, José

Gomes, José Vicente........

Gomes, Luiz Braz

Reception Manager, H.K. Hotel

Assistant, Bridge & Son Merchant

Manager, H.K. & Kowloon Cinema Co... Assistant, Gilman & Co., Ld.

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.. Accountant, H. B. Joseph & Co.

Clerk, Banque de l'Indo-Chine Assistant, E. D. Sassoon Banking

Co., Ld.

Storekeeper, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., L.

Accountant, Phoebus Neon Light Co.,

Ld.

Gomes, Maximiano Antonio Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Gomes, Romão

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.

Gomes, Sidney Malcolm.

Gomez, Frederick Rufus

Gomeze, Albert Martin...... Gompertz, Geoffrey Hairland

Gonella, Ugo Gonsalves, Henrique

Francisco

Gonsalves, João Baptista... Gonsalves, Julio Augusto

do Costa Gonzales, Joseph Angel Goodman, Reginald James

Goodwin, Frank........... Gooey, Herbert Lau

Gorachenko, Nicholas

Gordeef, Serge

Gordon, Vyner Reginald Gosamkee, Eric Eugene Roy Gosano, Adelino Vitus Graça, Henrique José

Grady, John

Typist, Garage Dept., H. K. &

Shanghai Hotels, Ld. Runner, China Provident Loan &

Mortgage Co., Ld. Clerk, J. Ruttonjee & Son Mercantile Assistant, Jardine, Mathesou

& Co., Ld.

Architect, Hazeland & Gonella

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Assistant, Green Island Cement Co., Ld.

Assistant, Maxim & Co.

Overseer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Storekeeper, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Manager, H.K. & China Gas Co., Ld. Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.....

Engineer, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Autmotive Engineer, General Motors

China, Ld.

Secretariat Asst., H.K. Tramways, Ld... Runner, American Express Co., Inc. Assistant, Standard-Vacnum Oil Co. Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank, (K'loon).

Assistant Engineer, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

Grant, Charlie Pearson... Assistant, H. K. & K. Wharf &

Grant, Ian Farquharson Grattan, Alexander

George

Gray, Marshall James Gray, Samuel..............

Graye, Henry

Greaves, Alfred Philip Greaves, John Robin

Godown Co., Ld.

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire.... Merchant

Engineer, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Manager, Concrete Products, Ld. Broker

Clerk, M. Beraha

On premises.

5 Cameron Road, Kowloon.

5 Cameron Road, Kowloon.

28 Hankow Road, Kowloon. On premises.

On premises.

3 Humphreys Avenue, Kowloon. 28 West Terrace, Kowloon

Docks.

4 Fuk Lo Tsun Road, Kowloon City.

5 Kent Road, Kowloon Tong.

On premises.

8 Humphreys Avenue, Kowloon. 7 Hankow Road, Kowloon. 5 Fuk Wing Street, 3rd floor,

Shamshuipo.

179 Hennessy Road, 1st floor.

344 Lockhart Road, Top floor. 42 Pottinger Street.

354 The Peak.

3 Dragon Terrace, 2nd floor.

25 Homuntin Street, Homuntin. 25 Homuntin Street, Homuntin.

25 Homuntin Street, Homuutin. Wanchai Substation.

On premises.

274 Prince Edward Road, K'loon.

792 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

9 Hankow Road, Kowloon.

16 Peak Mansions.

35 Hennessy Road, 2nd floor. 11 Soares Avenue, Homuntin. 12 Lochiel Terrace, Cameron Road,

Kowloon.

Mordey Buildings, Tai Wan Road,

Hok Un Works, Kowloon.

"Devonia" 81 Kimberley Road,

Kowloon.

On premises.

On premises.

4 Hillwood Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

32 Dina House, Duddell Street. 67 Robinson Road.

67 Robinson Road.

26

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

G-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Green, Samuel Ebenezer Greenburg, Walter

William

Grefalda, José Gregory, Cyril Leon

Gregory, Robert Henley.

Greig, William

Grewal, Nerinjem Singh.. Grey, George Willis

Grieve, William Elliot Griffin, William George Grimble, Eric George Norton Grimes, Thomas Edward Grimm, William Edward

Jr.

Grimshaw, Rupert.... Grinter, Frederick

William John

Grivaud, Edmund Grose, Frank

Grose, John Francis

Grove, Stephen Grover, George James

Groves, Frank

Groves, Walter Montgomerie

Guard, Harold

Guerci, Gracomo

Guinniss, Alan Henry Guterres, Alvaro Maria....

Assistant, H.K. & Shanghai Hotels, Ld.

Foreman, Taikoo Docykard & Engineering Co., Ld. Hat Maker, Mayo's Shoppe Assistant, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld.... Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld. Shipwright, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Salesman, Mamak & Co. Architect, H.K. Land Investment &

Agency Co., Ld.................

Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co... Engineer, H.K. Telephone Co., Ld. Merchant, Grimble & Co. Assistant, Butterfield & Swire

Manager, Calif-Asia, Ld.

Manager, Peking Syndicate, Ld.

Wireless Engineer, British Wireless

Marine Service

Chef, Peninsula Hotel Assistant, Palmer & Turner Sharebroker, J. F. Grose & Co.

Chartered Accountant, Thomson & Co.... Butcher, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld...

General Manager, American Express

Co., Inc.

Assistant, H.K. & Kowloon Wharf &

Godown, Co., Ld.

Newspaper Correspondent, United Press

Association of America

Maitre d'Hotel, Hong Kong Hotel... Banker, H. K. & Shanghai Bank Assistant, China Provident Loan &

Mortgage Co., Ld. .......

Guterres, Antonio Alberto... Clerk, Nederlandsch Indische Handels-

Guterres, George Arthur... Guterres, Henrique José Guterres, José Alberto Guterres, Joaquim Jeronymo

Guterres, Luiz João ........ Guterres, Mario Augusto Gutierrez, Alexander

Edward

Gutierrez, Alvaro Eugenio

Gutierrez, Charles Ledbury. Gutierrez, Eduardo

Maria Gutierrez, Gregorio Maria... Gutierrez, Joaquim Maria... Gutierrez, Luis Augustus Gutierrez, Marcus Bernardo. Gutierrez, Marcos Maria.

bank, N.V.

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Clerk, Linstead & Davis Representative, Manufacturers Life

Insurance Co....... Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Assistant, Swan, Culbertson & Fritz....

Clerk, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews Assistant, H.K. & Whampoa Dock Co.,

Ld.

Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld......

Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Publisher, Bedikton Co. Accountant, David Sassoon & Co., Ld. Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld. Assistant, Arnhold Trading Co.

78B Nathan Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

43c Peking Rd., 3rd fl., Kowloon.

6B Leighton Hill Road.

On premises.

On premises.

On premises.

Kingsville Hotel, Kowloon, On premises.

290A Prince Edward Road, K'loon. On premises.

On premises.

Lyemun Buildings, Kowloon. Hong Kong Hotel.

135 Waterloo Rd., Kowloon. On premises.

3 Garden Terrace.

55 Conduit Road. Hong Kong Club.

215 Fa Yuen Street, 2nd floor,

Mongkoktsui.

Homesdale, Repulse Bay.

112 Boundary Street, Top floor,

Kowloon.

40 Hankow Road, Kowloon. On premises.

H. K. Bank Building, 8th floor.

16 Canton Villas, Observatory

Road, Kowloon.

9 Ashley Road, Kowloon. On premises.

22 Granville Road, Kowloon. 49 Kimberley Road, Kowloon.

8 Cameron Road, Kowloon. 9 Ashley Road, Kowloon, 167 Sai Yee Street.

218B Nathan Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

218 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

126 Waterloo Rd., Kowloon. On premises.

242 Nathan Road, 3rd floor, K'loon. 3 Hart Avenue, Kowloon. 126 Waterloo Road, Kowloon. 35 Hankow Road, Kowloon.

27

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

G-Cootinued.

ADDRESS.

Gutierrez, Reinaldo Maria

Bernado

Guttinger, Oskar

Accountant, Metro-Goldwyn Mayer

of China

Engineer, Jardine Engineering Corpora-

tion, Ld.

11 Soares Avenue, Homuntin.

7 Village Road.

H

Haase, Kurt Julius Karl

Hermann...

Hackney, James

Hailey, Guy

Hailstone, Brian

Hall, Charles Mylius. Hall, Frederick Ivan

Hall, George Albert Victor Hall, James

Hallgren, Johan Heimer

Gideon

Halligan, George Ham, Charles Chun Ham, Jan van der

Hamblin, Frederick

Hamid, Sheik Abdool Hammond, Herbert William Hammond, Victor Milton Hamson, Arthur Bird Hamson, Edward Bird

Han Ching-to Hanlon, Edwin Marcus Gray

Hansch, Eric Siegfried... Hansemann. Dieter von.... Hanson, Faung-Shou

Hwang Hardoon, Isaac Silas Hardwick, Douglas

William Hargreave, Arthur Gillbanks

Harkins, Michael Joseph. Harms-Emden, Hans......

Harper, Andrew Wallace

Harrington, George

Thomas Harris, Eric Thomas Harris, Sidney Samuel Harris, William Francis

George

Merchant, China Export, Import &

Bank Co., Ld.....

Merchant Assistant, Imperial

Chemical Industries (China) Ld.. Electrical Engineer, H.K. Electric

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Thomas Cook & Son, Ld.... Merchant

Salesman, Lane, Crawford, Ld.

Architect, Way & Hall

Bauker, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Managing Director, Swedish Trading-

Co., Li.

Motor Mechanic, Far East Motors.... Assistant, B. J. Lacon

Manager, Netherlands Harbour Works

Co.

Electrical Engineer, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

Clerk, L. Weill & Co.

Traffic Supt., H.K. Tramways, Ld. Broker, China Cotton & Yarn Co. Assistant, Laue, Crawford, Ld. Night Reception Clerk, Peninsula Hotel

Clerk, Chase Bank Engineer, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld...... Merchant, Siemssen & Co. Merchant, Jebsen & Co.

Manager, Commercial Press, Ld. ...... Clerk, E. D. Sassoon Banking Co., Ld...

Clerk, Lowe, Bingham & Mathews....

Assistant, Imperial Chemical Industries

(China), Ld.

Assistant, Arnhold Trading Co. Engineer, Kunst & Albers Managing Director, Wallace Harper &

Co., La.

Banker, H. K. & Shanghai Bank Assistant, Colonial Dispensary Chemist, Green Island Cement Co., Ld..

Assistant Manager, Furness (Far East),

Ld.

32 College Road, Kowloon City.

On premises.

H.E.C. Quarters, 3 North Point. On premises. Peninsula Hotel.

18 Kennedy Terrace.

115 Boundary Street, K'loon Tong. Haystack, 9 The Peak.

I.L. 281 Jubilee Road. 14 Jordan Road, Kowloon. 414 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor.

8 Homuntin Hill Road, Homuntin.

Kaú Púi Shek Substation. 7 Hysan Avenue, 2nd floor. 2 Fung Fai Terrace, Top floor. 4 Tak Shing Street, Kowloon. 3 York Road, Kowloon Tong. 60 Nga Tsin Wai Road, Top floor,

Kowloon City.

44 Village Road.

Y.M.C.A., Kowloon. On premises. 3-5 Kennedy Road.

On premises.

18 Village Road, 1st floor.

2 Norfolk Road, Kowloon Tong.

On premises. Luk Kwok Hotel. Arlington House.

On premises.

353 The Peak.

11 Fok Lo Tsun Road. On premises.

Hong Kong Club.

+

28

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

H-Continued.

Harrison, Richard Stuart

Harrop, Joseph

Hart-Davis, Davis

Hartig, Gottlieb. Haslett, William Benjamin

Hassan, Ali...................... Hassan, Ishaat Hassan, Moosa Hassan, Shek

Hassel, Michal von Hathiawala, Husani Shaikhadam

Hathiawala, Saleh Abdulaly

Hatt, Charles

Hausammann, Ernest Havelaar, Johannes Hawkin, Chan

Haymes, Maxwell Freeland

Leycester

Hayward, Allen William Hearne, Henry John

Attfield

Hearther, Ernest Rea

Hechtel, Otto Peter Heckel, Walter Hedley, William Pattinson

Heggie, William Houston...

Heiberg, Sigurd

Knagenhjeln Heijneker, Gerrit

Johannes Willem Heitman, Gustav Heitmeyer, Horst Heitzig, Werner Heller, Alfred.... Helmold, Alfred

Helmut, Eduard

Bernhard Nocht

Henderson, George

Henderson, Reid.

Hennig, Rolf Alfred

....

Heptulla, Esufi..... Herridge, Frank Gordon Herrman, Raymond Louis...

Herschend, Borge Hess, Martin

Hew Ah-lan Hewett, Harry Walter...

Hewitt, William..

Banker, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Merchant, James H. Backhouse, Ld....... Engineer, General Electric Co. of

China, Ld.

Manager, Kruse & Co.

Engineer, Williamson & Co.

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld......... Clerk, H. K. Electric Co., Ld. Merchant, Jebsen & Co.

Clerk, Phielban & Co.

Assistant, Phielban & Co. Engineer, H.K. Telephone Co., Ld. Merchant, Ed. A. Keller & Co., Ld. Manager, P. J. Klink ................ Clerk, H.K. Canton & Macao Steam-

boat Co., Ld.

..

Banker, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld.

Credit Clerk, Thomson & Co. Assistant, American President

Lines, Ld.

Merchant, F. Feld & Co. Clerk, Carlowitz & Co. Assistant, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., L.

Assistant Engineer Superintendent, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.

Engineer, Goddard & Douglas

Assistant, Paper Co., Ld. Clerk, Carlowitz & Co.

Manager, Reuter, Brockelmann & Co. Clerk, Carlowitz & Co. Sub-Manager, Gloucester Hotel. Merchant, Deutsche Farben.

Handelgesellschaft

Merchant, Helmut Nocht

Carpenter, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Wharf Manager, Holt's Wharf

Sales Manager, National Cash

Register Co.

Manager, Abdoolally Abraham & Co...

Merchant, W. R. Loxley & Co., Ld. Assistant, Texas Co., (China), Ld.

Merchant. John Manners & Co., Ld.............. Assistant, Deutche Farben Handel-

gesellschaft, (Waibel & Co.)..... Secretary, China Motor Bus Co., Ld. Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co.....

18 Peak Road, Top floor. 17 Peak Mansions.

130 Argyle Street, Top floor,

Kowloon.

26 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

315, Prince Edward Road,

Kowloon.

439 Hennessy Road, 2nd floor. 353 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor. 353 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor. 314-316 Hennessy Rd., Top floor. Arlington Hotel.

386-8 Hennessy Road.

386-8 Hennessy Road.

20 Hankow Road, Top floor, Kiloon. On premises.

Bay View Mansions, Causeway Bay.

21 Des Voeux Road West, 1st floor.

353 The Peak. On premises.

11 Gap Road, 3rd floor.

8 Hanoi Road, Kowloon.

3 Aigburth Hall, May Road. Kowloon Hotel.

On premises.

Y.M.C.A., Kowloon.

1 Aigburth Hall, May Road.

14 Felix Villas.

1 Shouson Hill Road.

196 The Peak.

16 Stafford Rd., Kowloon Tong. On premises.

R.B.L. No. 174, Pokfulam Rd.

1 Stubbs Road.

On premises.

"Highlands" Austin Avenue,

Kowloon.

30 College Road, Kowloon Tong 20 Stanley Street.

Peninsula Hotel.

Chatham Apartments, Chatham

Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

1 Longsight Villas, Jubilee Road. Chinese Y.M.C.A.

On premises. 166 The Peak.

NAME IN FULL.

29

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

H-Continued.

Heyningen, van Adolph.. Assistant, Java-China-Japan Lijn

Hickman, John Frederick... Higgins, James Joseph... Higgs, Henry Claxton

Hill, Arthur

Hill, Frederick Arthur

* Hillier, Wilfred Samuel..............

Hill, William

Hillon, Frank

Hin Ho-tsang

N. V.

Tailor, Mackintosh's, Ld. Turner, S. Moutrie & Co., Ld. Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard & Engi-

neering Co. of H.K., Ld. Radio Eng., General Electric Co.

of China, Ld.

Engineer, H.K. Well Boring Co., Ld. Assistaut, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Clerk, Peninsula Hotel

Foreman, Taikoo Sugar Refining

Co., Lư.

Manager, South China Leather

Goods Mfg. Co.

Hing Tong-suen, Charles... Manager, China Assurance Corpora-

Hirst, William Walter Hislop, David Kenneth.. Hiu Chun S. Tsu

Ho Cheng-sk.cn

Ho Ching-hoi...

Ho Chiu-tung Ho Chow

Ho Chuen-sau

Ho Chung-chow.

Ho Chung-hon

Ho, Francis

Ho, George Bak Hsie

Ho Hong-kuen

Ho Hong-ping

Ho Hung-kwan

Ho Hung-pong Ho Iu-tim

Ho, John Stephen

Ho Kai-süey

Ho Kai-yuen

Ho Kam-fong

Ho Kam-sang.

Ho Keng-po Ho Kong-leung Ho Kwau-yeung. Ho Man-ching Ho Oy-ng

Ho Pak-hoi

Ho Ping-nam

Ho Po-cheong

Ho Quee-him

Ho Sang

Ho Shau-fook.. Ho Shiu-ka..

Ho Shiu-ping

Ho Shiu-pui Ho Shiu-que

tion, Ld.

Manager, Steam Laundry Co.

Assistant, Thomas Cook & Son, Ld....

Sub-Manager, Shanghai Commercial

& Savings Bank, Ld.

Clerk, Deutsche Farben-Handelsgesells-

chaft, Waibel & Co.

Clerk, Deutsche Farben- Handelsgesells-

chaft, Waibel & Co.

Radio Technician, Tsang Fook & Co.. Manager, Wing On Life Assurance

Co.. Ld.

Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld. Clerk, National City Bank of New York Merchant, W. S. Sherley & Co....... Clerk, Reuter, Brockelmann & Co...... Assistant, National Cash Register

8 Conduit Road.

18 Kennedy Terrace.

16 Carnarvon Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

30 Mody Road.

226 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon. 86 Kennedy Road.

13 King Kwong Street,

Happy Valley.

13 Braemar Terrace, Quarry Bay.

34-40 Yat Tack Rd.,

Kowloon City.

75 Hill Road.

262 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon. 107 Mountain View.

71 Hill Road, 2nd floor.

118 Waterloo Road, Kowloon.

118 Waterloo Road, Kowloon. 21 Ngan Mok St., 2nd floor.

On premises.

Tsun Wan, N.T.

366 Hennessy Road, 2nd floor. 45 Water Street, 2nd floor. 2 Haven Street. Causeway Bay. 19 Tai Shek Street,

Shaukiwan West.

Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld... 2 Arbuthnot Road. Assistant, H. K. & Shanghai Hotels,

Ld.

Manager, H.K. Commercial Co. Assistant, H.K. Commercial Co. Assistant, Imperial Chemical Industries

(China), Ld.

Clerk, Nippon Yusen Kaisha

Secretary, Domestic Engineers, Ld........ Assistant, Petersen & Co.

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Clerk, China Provident Loan &

Mortgage Co., Ld. Clerk, Asia Company

Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld.. First Shroff. H.K. & Shanghai Bank A/c. Clerk, Texas Co. (China), L‹. Clerk, China Light & Power Co.,

Ld....

General Manager, Asia Company. Senior Clerk, British Wireless Marine

>ervice

Assistant, Lane, Crawford, Ld. Cashier, Oversea-Chinese Banking

Corporation, Ld................. Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Clerk, Sworn Measurers' Office Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld. Assistant, Berg & Co., Ld. Assistant, Wallem & Co.

144 Jaffé Road.

62 Bonham Road.

62 Bonham Road.

On premises.

12 Conduit Road.

456 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon. On premises.

Ou premises.

1 Wo Hop Street, Top floor.

63 Des Voeux Road Central. 34 Mongkok Road.

4-12 Stanley Street.

35 Western Street.

18 Ki Lung Street, 2nd floor.

Taikoktsui.

40 Des Vœux Road Central.

76 High Street, 1st floor. 22 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor.

346 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor. .29 Johnston Road, 1st floor.

On premises.

267 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor. 18 Ki Lung Street, Taikoktsui. 66 Village Road.

66 Village Road, Ground floor.

30

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

H-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Ho Shiu-tong

Ho Shiu-yan

Ho Shun-bing.. Ho Tai Chung,

Aloysius

Ho Tse-chiang Ho Wai-cheung Ho Wai-man Ho Woon-cheung Ho Yau-leung

Ho Yue-man

Hoare, Robert Edward

Hoffman, James Joseph.. Holland, Alister Wilson Holm, Julius

Holm, William Henry

Holmden, Michael

McDowell

Holzberger, Ernst August... Hong Sling, William. Hong Siu-fai

Honniball, Robert Gabriel... Hood, John Mair

Hooi Yip-beng

Hoosen, Mohamed Omar

Hoosen, Omar......

Hope. Stewart

Clerk, Thomson & Co.

Clerk, China Export Import & Bank

Co., Là.

a

Engineer, Shun Yick & Co.

Clerk, Tin Tsun Modern Litho-

graphers & Offset Printers

147 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor.

300 Lockhart Road.

488 Nathan Road, Top fl., K'loon.

On premises.

Assistant, U. S. Life Insurance Co... 369 Portland Street.

Clerk, Lane, Crawford, Ld. Clerk, Central Trading Co.

Typist, American Express Co., Inc. Salesman, Garage Dept., H. K. &

Shanghai Hotels, Ld.

Clerk, Chartered Bank of India

Australia & China Assistant, H.K, & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Salesman, H. K. Electric Co., Ld.... Bookkeeper, Furness (Far East), Ld...... Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld......................

Clerk, Britania Aerated Water

Factory

Banker, H. K. & Shanghai Bank Assistant, Melchers & Co. Assistant, Gilman & Co., Ld. Assistant Order Clerk, Texas Co.,

(China) Ld......

Clerk, Linotype & Machinery, Ld....... Assistant Engineer, Green Island

Cement Co., Ld.

Manager, Oversea-Chinese Banking

Corporation, Ld.......

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton. Ld........................

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.....................

Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld.

Hopkins, Henry Felton.. Mercantile Assistant, Jardine,

Horne, Ngok Chau .... Horowitz, Joseph Harry.

Hosie, Edward Lumsden ...

Hospes, Edward.....

Houston, William

Hoven, Jan...

*Howard, Frank Andrew Howard, William James

Howarth, Abraham Howell, Hargreaves Milne... Howell, John Stewart Howie, James Herbert

William

Hsia Lin

Hsu, James Chuho

Matheson & Co., Ld. Manager, Associated Produce Co. Engineer, Far East Flying Training

School, Ld.

Secretary, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Agent, Passenger Department, Canadian

Pacific Steamships, Ld..... Shipbuilder, H. K. & Whampoa

Dock Co., Ld.

Manager, Nederlandsche Handel-

Maatschappij, N.V.

Cashier, Chase Bank

Freight Clerk, Canadian Pacific

Steamships Co.

Marine Engineer, Eastern Asbestos Co. Manager, Malcolm & Co, Ld. Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld.

Engineer, Marsman Hong Kong

China, Ld.

Clerk, Fukien Trading Co. Manager, Cordial Co.

141 Laichikok Rd., Kowloon. On premises.

2 Haven Street, 1st floor.

5 Tin Lok Lane, 2nd floor.

508 Canton Road, Kowloon.

Cosmopolitan Dock.

7 Kwong Hing St., Wanchai. 6 Minden Avenue, Kowloon.

298 Lockhart Road, Top floor.

298 Lockhart Road, Top floor.

353 The Peak.

5 Kennedy Road. On premises.

21 Sands Street,

42 King Kwong Street, 1st floor.

62B Nathan Road, Kowloon.

39 Nathan Road, 1st fl.,

234 Gloucester Road.

Kowloon.

287 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor.

Quarry Bay.

Ewo Mess, East Point. 69 Pokfulam Road, 2nd floor.

49b Peking Building, Kowloon.

On premises.

378 The Peak.

On premises.

On premises.

46 Stubles Road.

584 Nathan Road, Kowloon. 15 Cameron Road, Kowloon. Tara, Deepwater Bay. 196 The Peak.

36 Hillwood Road, Kowloon. 144 Des Voeux Road C.

3 Lincoln Road, Kowloon Tong.

7

31

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

H-Continued.

Hsu, Joseph

Huber, Franz Joseph Huebel, Hans Huebner, Ewald

Huen En-djeh

Hughes, Donald Francis

Hui, Albert Vandeleur

Hui Ching-wan

Hui Wai-pang

Hui Wing

Hui Wing-hing

Hulsemann, Rudolf

Friedrich George Max.

Humble, John George

Robson

Hume, Donald Willam

Humphrey, Erie

Humphreys, Alfred David... Humphreys. Alfred David,

Jr.

Humphreys, John David Hung Hing-tat

Hung Mo-chiu Hung, Sebastião Sarino Hung Sung-bowe Hung Tang, James Hung Tsi-ming

Hung Ying-fai

Hung Ying-kit

Hunt, James Hubert....

Hunter, Frank

Davidson Hussan, Mohd

Hussain, Mohammed Hutchison, Alfred

Herbert

Hutchison, James

Assistant, Otis Elevator Co.

Assistant, Siemens China Co....... Assistant, Melchers & Co. Engineer, Schmidt & Co., Ld. Banker, National Commercial &

Savings Bank, Ld.

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld.

Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie &

Co.

St. Joseph's College,

7 Kennedy Road. 136 Kennedy Road. 2 Basilea, Lyttelton Road. 1. Babington Path, Flat 6.

56 Lockhart Road.

On premises.

On premises.

Clerk, H. K. & China Gas Co., Ld... 25 Cedar St., 1st fl.,

Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co....... Clerk, Pentreath & Co.

Clerk, Western Trading Co., Ld.

Shamshuipo.

On premises.

452 Lockhart Road, 3rd floor. 10 Wing Hing St.

Agriculturist, N. V Overzeesche Kali

Export-Mij, Amsterdam (Naves)...... 140 Kennedy Road, Top floor.

Engineer, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Chief Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refining

Co., Ld.

Electrician, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld.

Assistant. Dodwell & Co., Ld. Merchant, J. D. Humphreys & Son Director, West River Transportation &

Trading Co., Lil.

Clerk, Union Trading Co., Ld. Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld. Sub-Manager, Bank of Communications. Accountant, Williamson & Co. Laison Officer, Far East Flying Training

School, Ld..

Manager, Tung Ming Radio Co. Assistant Manager, Tung Ming Radio

Co.

Engineer, Jardine Engineering Corpora-

tion, Ld.

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Bank Clerk, Chase Bank Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld..

Engineer, Jardine Engineering

Corporation, Ld.

Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co., Ld.

Huygen, Gerard Edmond Exporter, Hyde, William

Hykes, Donald Mayberry

Hyndman, Albert Hercules

Hyndman, Henry

Hyndman, Raphael

Emmanuel

Clerk of Works, H.K. & Kowloon Wharf & Godown Co., Ld. Sub-Accountant, National City Bank

of New York

Assistant, H. K. & Shanghai Hotels,

Ld.

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

On premises.

Woodside, Quarry Bay.

On premises.

IA Chatham Path.

127 Robinson Road. Hong Kong Club,

167 Tam Kung Road, 11 College View.

197 Fa Yuen Street, Mongkoktsui. On premises.

143 Lockhart Road.

30 Kai Tack Bund, Kowloon City. 114 Lockhart Road.

114 Lockhart Road.

285 Prince Edward Road, K'loon.

On premises.

#83 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor 445 Hennessy Road, 2nd floor.

Zara, Island Rd., Deep Water

Bay.

On premises.

9 Middle Road, Kowloon.

223 Prince Edward Road, K'ioon.

Gloucester Hotel.

11 Homuntin St., Homuntin. 42 Wyndham Street.

Assistant, Thomas Cook & Son, Ld... 3 Hua Wong Road.

*

NAME IN FULL.

32

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

1

Ildefonso, Lucio Rivera.. Iles, William James

Ilsley, John Leathes

Inglis, John Prosser

Innecken, Helmut

Ip Chiu-shuen

Ip Fook-ling

Ip Iu-ting

Ip Kam-wah

Ip Kau-ko

Ip King-chung

Ip Kwai-chung

Ip Ping-Iu

Ip Shiu-choi

Ip Tak-choi

Ip Wing

Iqbal, Mahan Singh

Isack, Sakaria Mohamed Ismail, Abdul Hussain Ismail, Abdul Khalid Ismail, Sheik Hassan... Israel, Bernard Jan

Itenson, Vladimir

Alexander

Iu Tak-lam

Clerk, American Express Co., Inc.... Janitor, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld...............

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Factory Manager, Hume Pipe (Far

East), Ld.

Sales Manager, Siemens China Co....

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Clerk, Lane, Crawford, Ld.....

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Assistant, B. J. Lacon

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld.

Attorney to Mr. Eng Aun Tong Principal, Whampoa Sam & Co. Clerk, H.K. Mines, Ld.

Clerk, Sworn Measurers' Office Draughtsman, G. G. Hewlitt & T.

Fung

Merchant, Mahan & Co. Merchant, Isack & Co.

Overseer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Clerk, American Express Co., Inc. Clerk, National City Bank of New York Manager, Nederlandsche Indische

Handelsbank N.V.

Technician, Philco Radio Distributors Architect, Iu Tak Lam

2 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon.

On premises.

On premises.

9 Mile Castle Peak Road. 315 Prince Edward Road,

Kowloon..

On premises.

10 On Wa Lane, 2nd floor. On premises. On premises.

16 Mau Lam Street, Kowloon.

On premises.

2 Li Kwan Avenue, Tai Hang. 60 Gloucester Road.

26 Sun Tsun, Tai Hang. On premises.

15 Haven Street.

6 Mosque Junction.

11 Stewart Road, Wanchai. Wanchai Substation.

18 Leighton Hill Road.

10 King's Road, Ground floor.

8 Tregunter Mansions.

King's Building.

119 Robinson Road.

J

Jack, Lawrence *Jackson, Peter Cyril

Jason, Henry Frederick Jeacock, Frederick John

Jeffrey, Stuart

Robertson

Jeffreys, Arthur Charles Jen, Lemuel

Jenner, Frederick James

Henry .....

Jensen, Clive Vater Jernakoff, Boris

* Jessen, Johann Henrich.

Jessen, Uwe

Jesus, Arturo Gregorio de. Jex, Starling

Jex, Thomas Carrick....

Joanilho, Faustino

Arango

Jockisch, Walter Max

Theodore......

Merchant, Wm. Jack & Co., Ld. Assistant, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., L‹.................. Stenographer, Williamson & Co...... Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard & Eng. Co.

of H.K., Ld.

Storekeeper, H. K. Telephone Co.,

Ld.

Engineer, H.K. Telephone Co., Ld. Contactman, Swan, Culbertson &

Fritz

Boatswain, H.K. & Whampoa Doek

Cn, L.

Bookkeeper, H. K. Mines, Ld.. Engineer, Reiss, Bradley & Co., Ld... Manager, Jebsen & Co. Merchant, Jebsen & Co.

Clerk, American Express Co., Inc................ Secretary, Wallace, Harper & Co., Ld.... Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld.

43 Boundary Street, Kowloon.

Allendale, Pokfulam.

34 Ice House Street, 1st floor.

On premises.

26 Mody Road, Kowloon. 290 Prince Edward Road, K'loon.

6 Hankow Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

On premises.

7 Tak Shing Terrace, Kowloon. 48 Stubbs Road.. On premises.

765 Nathan Rd., Ground fl., K'loon. 15 Jordan Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

Clerk, H. K. Electric Co., Ld.......... 377 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

Burner, Green Island Cement Co., Ld....

On premises

*

NAME IN FULL.

33

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS

J-Continued.

Joffe, Eugene

Johannessen, Reidar

Johnsen, Rolf.

Johnson, Johan Johnson, Young

Joseph Jnr.

Johnston, Thomas Arthur . Johnstone, Allan Colville Jolendovsky, T. A.

Jones, Joel Russell

Jong de, Eduard

Jong, Lieuwke de

* Jono, Mohamed Hussain.

Jorge, Anthony

Lawrence

Jorge, Telles

Jorge, William Augustin

Joseph, Felix Alexander Joseph, Harry Bernard Jowitt, Walter Harold....

Julebin, Eugene Petrovich. June, James Kim Fook......!

June, Kwok Wai Jupp, John Edmund

K

Ka Wing-leung

Kaerger, Hans Joachim..

Kai Hing, Louis Kai Howe-zeaming

Kailey, William Charles Kaluzhny, Kirill Alexander. Kam Cheung-fai

Kam-Shing Chan

Kam Tong-wong Kan King-chuen.. Kan Koam-tsing Kan Yam-tsin Kang Po-choi, William....

Kant, Ramon

Kastmann, Karl Kee, Paul

Kee Yau-nin

Keller, Harry August

Assistant Engineer, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

Manager, Wallem & Co....... Merchant, F. Feld & Co. Assistant, Thoresen & Co., Ld.

Sub-Accountant, National City Bank

of New York

Accountant, H.K. Dairy Supply Co..... Gentleman

Assistant Manager, Cathay Ceramics

(H. K.), Ld. Manager, Connell Bros. Co. Assistant, Nederlandsch Indische

Handelsbank

Cashier, Netherlands Trading Society Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.......

Assistant, Wallace Harper & Co.,

Ld.

Secretary, H. K. Printing Press, Ld.. Assistant, Wallace Harper & Co.,

Ld.

F. A. Joseph

Broker, Joseph & Co. Accountant, Mercantile Bank of

India, Ld.

Payroll Recorder, H.K. Mines, Ld. Assistant, H.K. & Kowloon Wharf &

Godown Co., Ld.....

Clerk, Java-China-Japan Lijn, N. V. Merchant, John D. Humphreys & Son

Assistant, Macau Jockey Club Engineer, Chien Hsin Engineering

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Kelly & Walsh, Ld. Salesman, Whiteaway, Laidlaw & Co.,

Ld.

Engineer, Wallace, Harper & Co., Ld. Assistant, H.K. Hotel Assistant Compradore, Jardine,

Matheson & Co., Ld. Assistant, National Carbon Co. Fed.

Inc. U. S. A.

Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co... Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.. (S.C.) Ld. Banker, Bank of Communications Secretary, Wing On Bank, Ld. Assistant Engineer, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

Agency Unit Manager, Asia Life

Insurance Co.

Merchant, John Manners & Co., Ld....... Assistant, R. C. A. Victor Company

of China

Assistant, Union Insurance Society

of Canton, Ld. Merchant, Ed. A. Keller & Co., Ld.

Arlington Hotel, Mody Road,

Kowloon.

175 Sassoon Road.

3 Cheung Chau Island. 4c Luna Building, Kowloon.

Gloucester Hotel. 26 Canal Road.

186 Nathan Road, Top floor.

3 King's Terrace, Kowloon. 11 Carnarvon Buildings, Kowloon.

Arlington Hotel.

On premises.

36 Tang Lung Street, 3rd floor.

186 Boundary, St., 2nd floor. On premises.

186 Boundary St., 2nd floor. On premises.

43A Conduit Road.

50 The Peak. On premises.

30 South Wall Rd., Kowloon City. 30 Southwall Street.

4 Thorpe Manor, May Road.

On premises.

Y.M.C.A.

On premises.

7 Hollywood Road.

19 Grampian Road, Kowloon City. Hong Kong Hotel.

11 Yuen Yuen Street.

6 Fuk Wing St., 3rd floor,

Shamsuipo.

50 Ship Street. On remises. Ou premises. On premises.

165 Tam Kung Road,

Mataukok.

100 Hill Road.

Ava Mansions, 1st floor.

390 Laichikok Road, 1st floor.

5 Hau Fung Lane. On premises.

34

NAME IN FULL

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

K-Continued.

Kelly, Elma

Kelly, George...

Kempton, John

Kennedy, Frederick Patrick.

Keown, Richard McArthur.

Kern, Ernest

Kerr, Stanley Robert. Kew, Arthur James Kew, Cecil

Kew, Henry

Key, Maurice Frederick

Khan, Abbas

Khan, Jumau.

Khaw Boon-lee

Khemani, Hassaram Rupschand

Khoo Khay-soon Khu Kaisu

Kiang Hin-cheong Kilby, Donald Frank..

Kin Long, Harry

King Chuan

King Lim-chew, George... King, Marion Bailey...... Kinross, Andew Robert

Kinsey, Edwin Alvin Kirby, William Edward Kirk, Noel Robinson

Kirkwood, Robert Kirpalani, Bhagwandas

Lilaram

Kirsten, Carl Friedrich Kirweu, James Kitchell, Armin

* Kjaer Kaj Soeren

Klahn, Willi

Klausz, Johannes Coenraad.

...

Knight, Thomas Leonard Knox, William Thomas.....

Kuudsen, Kjeld Ko Kar-ming Ko Ping-shan. Ko Shiu-wing. Ko Yau-cheong

Ko Yau-kong Kobza, Nagy Eugene

Alexander von

Koch, Ewin Ferdinand Koeruer, Hermann

Manager, Millington, Ld.

Stenographer, Freight Department,

Canadian Pacific Steamships, Ld....... Electrician, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld. Merchant, Ed. A. Keller & Co., Ld.. Secretary, H. K. Club.......

Assistaut, Andersen, Meyer & Co., Ld........ Assistant, American Express Co., Inc.... Assistant, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld............

Secretary, Chamber of Commerce Assistant, A. F. Arculli & Sons.... Assistant, H.K. & Kowloon Wharf &

Godown Co., Ld.

Assistant, China Provident Loan

& Mortgage Co., Ld.

Merchant, O. K. Gidumal &

Watumull, Ld.

Assistant, Colonial Dispensary Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld. Secretary, Chinese Produce Shippers. Assistant, Nestle & Anglo-Swiss

Condensed Milk Co.

Engineer, H.K. & Yaumati Ferry

Co., Ll.

Engineer, Kunst & Albers.

Assistant, Williamson & Co. Secretary, Dragon Motor Car Co., Ld. Assistant, Imperial Chemicals

Industries (China), Ld. Passenger Agent, Nippon Yusen Kaisha. Secretary, China Coast Officers' Guild ... Mercantile Assistant, Jardine, Matheson

& Co., Lư.

Engineer, H.K. Telephone Co., Ld. .................

Salesman, Tajmajal Silk Store. Assistant, Melchers & Co. Engineer, Davie, Boag & Co., Ld. Stock Broker, O). Kitchell & Co. Merchant, East Asiatic Co., Ld. Clerk, Carlowitz & Co. Export Employee. Holland-China

Trading Co., Ld.

Manager, H.K. Motor Accessory Co., Ld. Mercantile Assistant, Jardine, Matheson

& Co., Lư.

Assistant, Wallem & Co............. Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld.. Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co...... Stenographer, Reiss, Bradley & Co., Ld. Clerk, Java-China-Japan Line

Managing Director, Kobza Art Studios,

Ld.

Attorney, Standard Vacuum Oil Co. Assistant, Kruse & Co.

On premises.

245 Lockhart Road.

On premises.

North Point.

Quarry Bay. On premises.

8 Conduit Road, Hong Kong. 111 Waterloo Road, Kowloon. 50 Robinson Road.

7 King's Terrace, Kowloon. On premises.

9 Larch Street, Kowloon.

1 & 3 Ashley Rd., 2nd fl., K'loon.

369 Hennessy Road, Top floor.

11 Caine Road.

178 Tai Nan St., Shamsuipo. 43 Yik Yam Street.

11 D'Aguilar St.

Arlington Hotel, Kowloon.

Jubilee Pier.

49 Lung Kong Road, Kowloon

City.

17 Cedar St., 1st floor.

5 Yuk Sau Street, Ground floor.

On premises.

250 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam. 11 Kent Road, Kowloon.

Ewo Mess, East Point. 451 The Peak.

21 Robinson Road.

3 Kennedy Road.

Gas Co. Quarters, West Point. 34 Leighton Hill Road.

266 The Peak.

1 Shouson Hill Road.

160 Austin Road, Kowloou.

8 Cumberland Rd., Kowloon Tong.

157 Waterloo Road, Kowloon. 10 Hart Avenue, Kowloon. St. Andrew's Church. On premises.

On premises.

51 Elgin Street, 1st floor. 29 Shelley Street.

818 King's Road, New Quarry Point. 9 Magazine Gap Road.

5 Basilea, Lyttelton Road.

35

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

K-Continued.

Koh King-yee Koh Kwai-lun

Koky, Tang

Koma Cheu

Komaroff, Vladimir

Petrovich

Komorsky, Anatole Kong Chi-woon Kong, Edwin

Kong Ko-woon

Kong Kok-cheung Kong Paul

Kong Yuk-tong

Koo Choo-cheng

Koo Ioong Tsau

Koo Shui-ting

Koodiaroff, Michael Alex Kooter, Jacob Blauw Kotwall, James Edulji Kozikis, Dimitry George.. Krauss, Ulrich

Kregozy, Theobald Krilovsky, Alexander

Alexis

Kripalani, Isardas

Lekhraj Krivos, Matthew Gregory

Kroeger, Christian Krogh-Moe, Joseph Ku Chi-shek

Kuang Chow-lee

Kuelps, Fritz

Kuester, Theodore

Alexander Kung Chi-chin Kuo Chin-chuen *Kwaan King-sing

Kwaan Yau-kwong Kwan Ching-tak

Kwan Mok-chung Kwan Sau-fung Kwan Shu-min Kwan Sit-kwan Kwan Wing-hong Kwan Yim-char Kwee Sik-hok Kwek Kiam-seng

Clerk, Anderson & Ashe.

Clerk, Marsman Hong Kong China,

Ld.

Assistant Assayer, H.K. Mines, Ld. Assistant, National Carbon Co. Fed.

Inc. U. S. A.

Civil Engineer, China Construction.

Co., Ld.

Checker, Peninsula Hotel Assistaut, Him Cheong Co.

Accountant, K. D. Petroleum Co. of

China

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.

Assistant, Philco Radio Distributors...... Salesman, Dunlop Rubber Co. (China),

Ld.

95 Jaffé Road, 3rd floor.

87 Fa Yuen St., Mongkoktsui. On premises.

47-B Peking Road, Kowloon.

269 Prince Edward Rd., Kowloon. On premises.

123 Robinson Road.

5 Fook Wa Street.

39 Lee Tung Street, 3rd floor,"

Wanchai.

93 Austin Road, Kowloon.

43 Sing Woo Road, 2nd floor.

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld...On premises. Clerk, Deutsche Farben-

Handelgesellschaft

Assistant, Insurance Co. of North

America

Managing Proprietor, Shui Hing Co... Steward, Peninsula Hotel

Merchant, John Manners & Co., Ld.......... Broker, E. D. Kotewall & Co. Assistant, Dimson & Co. Merchant, China Export Import &

Bank Co., Ld. Engineer, Siemssen & Co.

Sub-Manager, Repulse Bay Hotel...

Clerk, Utoomal & Assudamal Co.......

Engineer, General Electric Co. of

China, Ld.

Clerk, Carlowitz & Co.

Superintendent, Thoresen & Co., Ld....... Interpreter, Travel Advisers.

Chinese Manager, Netherlands Harbour

Works Co.

Bookkeeper, Jebsen & Co.

Merchant, W. A. Hannibal & Co., Ld.. Assistant, Swan, Culbertson & Fritz Manager, Neco Neon Co.

Clerk. Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Assistant, Sang Kee

Sales Manager, H.K. Motor Accessory

Co.

Assistant, F. A. Josephi Clerk, Hotel Cecil, Ld.. Manager, Ramsey & Co.

Clerk, Canadian Pacific Steamships, Ld. Architect, Davies Brook & Gran. Secretary, Eu Tong Sen Co... Clerk, Kian Gwan Co. India, Ld. Accountant, Ipekdjian Bros., Ld.

305 Lockhart Road.

69 Wongienheong Rd., 3rd fl.

187-189 Des Voeux Road. On premises.

4 Luna Building, Kowloon. 12 Dragon Terrace. On premises.

Y.M.C.A., Kowloon. On premises.

On premises.

39 Wyndham Street.

11a Carnarvon Rd., Kowloon. 28 Conduit Road. 23 Peak Mansions.

64a Canton Road, 3rd floor,

Kowloon.

15 Homuntiu Hill Road, Homuntin. 12 Kennedy Terrace.

Arlington Hotel, Kowloon. 24 Robinson Road. On premises.

| On premises. On premises.

2 Sai Yeung Choi Street, 2nd floor,

Mougkoktsui.

137 Thompson Road, Wanchai. On premises.

9 Ching Fung St., King's Rd. 13 Fuk Wah Street, Kowloon. Homuntin Hill Road, Homuntin. 109, Queen's Road C.

366 Nathan Road, Kowloon 157 Sai Yeung Choi Street,

Mongkoktsui.

NAME IN FULL.

36

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

K-Continued.

Kwok Ho-lun......

Kwok Man-chiu Kwok, Robert

Kwok Pui-cheung Kwok Sau-hin

Kwok Shui-fai Kwok Wai-sum Kwok Yik-on.. Kwok Yiu-to

Kwok Yu-shu.... Kwok Yu-yan Kwok Yuen-sang Kwok Yui-tak

Kwong Hok-yu Kwong Loong

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.

Cashier, Wing On Bank, Ld. Director, Chun-Shing Institute of

Commerce

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Bookkeeper, E. D. Sassoon Banking

Co., Ld.

Clerk, Palace Hotel.....

Assistant, Reiss, Bradley & Co., Ld....... Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Book-keeper, Cathay Ceramics

(H. K.), Ld.

Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co....... Clerk, H. K. & China Gas Co., Ld.... Warehouse Clerk, H. K. Mines, Ld.. Clerk, Deutsche Farben-

Handelgesellschaft

Clerk, Oriental Drug Co. Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co

8 Fort Street, 2nd floor. On premises.

On premises.

On premises.

99 Hennessy Road. On premises.

81 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor. On premises.

31 Pokfulum Road, 2nd floor. On premises.

37 Po Tack Street. On premises.

688 Shanghai Street, Kowloon. 41 Connaught Road W. On premises.

L

Laan, Jacobus Hendrick

Van der

Labrousse, Ernest Denys.... Lacon, Bernard John............. Ladd, George Samuel

...

Lafleur, Franciscus Huber-

tus Joseph Alphonsus.] Lagden, Peter Raymond Lai Chick-sang Lai, George.... Lai Im-tong

Lai Kee Lai Kin

Lai Pui-lam

Lai Yat-son

Lai Ying-cheong Lai Yuk-man

Lai Yun-kow Laidlaw, Errington

Lam Ah-choong

Lam Chi-fung Lam Chik-ho Lam Chik-suen Lam Chung-kwai Lam, David

Lam Hew-cho Lam Hing-san

* Lam Ho-kw

wan

Lam Ho-yin

Lam Hoi-sheung

Sub. Manager, Nederlandsche Handel

Maatschappij, N.V.

Accountant, China Underwriters, Ld. Principal, B. J. Lacon..... Accountant, Nestle & Anglo-Swiss

Condensed Milk Co.

Assistant Manager, M. Beraha Salesmau. Whiteaway, Laidlaw & Co., Ld. Draughtsman, Marsman H.K. China, Lì. Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Manager, International Assurance Co.,

Ld.

Salesman, Concrete Products, Ld..... Godown Keeper, West Point Station, Texas Co., (China) Ld........................... Assistant, Imperial Chemical Industries

(China), Lit.

Assistant, Carlowtiz & Co.

Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld.... Assistant, S. II. Langston

Bookkeeper, H.K. Telephone Co., Ld. Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld.

Bookkeeper, Swedish Match Co. Mg. Director, Sze Wai & Co...... Engineer & Builder, Lam Woo & Co. Engineer & Builder, Lam Woo & Co. Clerk, Banque Belge pour l'Etranger. Clerk, Oriental Drug Co. Assistant, Union Trading Co., Ld. Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.......

Clerk, H.K. Canton & Macao Steam-

boat Co.,

Ld.

Clerk, H.K. Canton & Macao Steamboat

Co., Lt.

Clerk, Sworn Measurers' Office

On premises.

Kingsville, Carnarvon Road, K'loon, Hong Kong Club.

13 Dragon Terrace.

Bay View, Kai Tack, Arlington Hotel, Kowloon.

18 Yee Woo Street, 2nd floor. 24 King Kong Street, Ground floor.

13 Bay View Mansions. 28 Apliu Street, Shamsuipo.

167 Hennessy Road.

On premises.

31 Hennessy Road, 3rd floor. 155 Gaun Kung Road. On premises.

Telephone Building, Kowloon.

On premises.

138 Lockhart Road, 3rd floor. 7 Grampian Road, Kowloon. 1 Hankow Road, 3rd floor, K'loon. 42 Bonham Road.

81 Austin Road, Kowloon. 5 Pottinger Street. 78 High Street.

12 Kwong Wah Street, Yaumati.

9 Jordan Road, Kowloon.

9 Jordan Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

.

NAME IN FULI:.

L-Continued.

37

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

Lam Hoi-wan Lam Hon-choy

Lam Kai-chi Lam Kwan

Lam Kwok-tsoi

Lam Man-chi

Lam Ming-fan

Lam Ngai-chuan

Lam, Philip

Lam Pui-kwan Lam Shui-wan

Lam Sick-kwan

Lam Sui-kai Lam Tit-hong

Lam Wai-nam Lam Wan-po

Lam Wing-kai Lam Woon-ki Lam Yan-fu

Lam Yan-wing Lam Yuk-shau

Lam Yuk-ying

Lam Yun-ming

Lamb, Francis Robert Lammert, Frank Edward

Weatherston

Lammert, Lionel Eugene Lamont, Ronald Walker

Campbell.....

Lan Kwan-po Landau, Emile Landau, Leo.

* Lang, Iain Wilson

Lange, Heinz Frederick ... Langston, Arthur Golden...

Langston, Selwyn Henry Lansdowne, Ernest.......

Lao Djao-dzun Lao, Jackson Hsiung Lapp, Jack

Assistant, Otis Elevator Co. Clerk, Carlowtiz & Co. Clerk, H.K. Tramways, Ld. Manager, China Paint Manufacturing

Co., Ld.

.

Storekeeper, Taikoo Sugar Refining

Co., Là.

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.......

Secretary, Kowloon Motor Bus Co.

(1933), Ld.

Accountant Clerk, Texas Co. (China),

Ld.

Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld..

Clerk, Banque Belge pour l'Etranger. Clerk, Gande, Price & Co., Ld.....

Clerk, Deutsche Farben-Handelge-

sellschaft

Clerk, Franklin Laboratory Accountant, Sun Life Assurance Co. of

Canada

Assistant, United Traders Assistant Compradore, American Express.

Co., Inc.

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Assistant, Thomas Cook & Son, Ld. Clerk, Hume Pipe (F. E.), Ld. Clerk, Hume Pipe (Far East), Ld Proof Reader, Ye Olde Printerie, Ld. Clerk, Java-China-Japan Line Clerk, H. K. Rope Manufacturing

Co., Lả.

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire

Dist. Mgr., (Canton) Sun Life Ins.

Co. of Canada

Auctioneer, Lammert Bros.....

Sworn Measurer, Sworn Measurers'

Office

37 Connaught Rd. C., 1st floor. 264 Lockhart Rd., Ground floor. 21 Western Street, 3rd floor.

On premises..

On premises.

36 Eastern Street, 2nd floor.

On premises,

106 Jaffé Road.

236 Cheung Sha Wan Road,

Shamsuipo.

44 Queen's Road Central. 31 Kai Tack Bund, 2nd floor,

Kowloon City.

2 Kwai Wa Lam.

235 Gloucester Road, 2nd floor.

9 Morrison Hill Road, Top floor. 202 Hai Tan Street, 1st floor.

5 Chi Wo Street, Ground floor,

Yaumati.

On premises.

9 Ching Fung Street, North Point. 9 Mile Castle Peak Rd., K'loon. 9 Mile Castle Peak Road, K'loon. 228 Jaffé Road, 3rd floor. 253 Hennessy Road.

21 Western Street, Top floor. On premises.

9 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon. 556 The Peak.

On premises.

Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld: 217 Jaffé Road.

Manager, Jimmy's Kitchen

Salesman, Andersen, Meyer & Co..... Passenger Agent, Canadian Pacific

Steamships, Ld.

Merchant, Jebsen & Co.

Electrical Engineer, H.K. Electric Co.,

Ld.

Merchant, S. H. Langston Manager, Jardine Engineering Corpora-

tion, Ld.

Assistant, Wallace Harper & Co., Ld. Clerk, A. W. V. Turner & Co. Shipping Clerk, East Asiatic

Company, Ld.

4 Shouson Hill Road.

4 Show Shan Hill.

On premises.

10 Tak Shing Street, Kowloon.

287 The Peak.

Abermor Court, May Road.

Gloucester Hotel.

106 Boundary Street, Kowloon. 106 Boundary Street, Kowloon.

63 Pokfulam Road, 1st floor.

.

NAME IN FULL.

L—Continued.

38.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

Larcher, Roy Hopsom

Larcina, Angelo Maria Large, Milford Henry Latrille, Wolfgang. Lau, Albert

Lau Chan-kwok

Lau Fook-ki

Lau, George

Lau, Hin-cheung Lưu Hung-choa Lau Jack-kim.....

Lau, José Antonio...................

Lau Kau

Lau Kau-leung Lau King-tsing

Lau Kwok-cheong, Roy

Lau Kwong-cheung Lau Leung-tsung

Lau Ping-kau Lau Pui-ying Lau Sheung-po Lau Shiu-min

* Lau Tak-po

Lau Tat-ting Lau Ting Lau Tung

* Lau Yuk-wan

Laurel, Leslie Lauriel, Francisco

Lavrov, Sergey Evans

Law Chung-kwai.. Law Chak-pui

Law Chung-ping.

Law, Henry Kaye

Law, Heungto Shopang......

Law,

Jerome

* Law Kwai-cheong

Law Kuong-cban Lawrence, Bayard Craig

Lawrence, George Alfred...

Lawrence, John Henry...

Sales Manager, General Motors

China, Ld.

Accountant, Davie, Boag & Co., Ld. Inspector, Star Ferry Co., Ld. Merchant, China United Lamp Co. Clerk, Davie, Boag & Co., Ld. Inspector, H.K. & Yaumati Ferry

Co., Ld.

Salesman, General Electric Co. of

China, Ld.

Accountant, Travel Advisers.

Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Clerk, Blue Taxicabs, Ld.

Clerk, National City Bank of New York.

Assistant, Holland China Trading Co.,

Ld.

Chief Clerk, China Assurance

Corporation, Ld. Assistant, Chase Bank

Manager, Hoi Yeung Shipping Co. Mercantile Assistant, Dodwell &

Co., Ld.

Assistant, The Sun Co., Ld.

Clerk, National Mutual Life Association

of Australia, Ld.

Manager, China Coast Traders Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld.] Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld...... Supervisor, Cathay Ceramics

(H. K.), Ld.

Manager, The H.K. & Yaumati Ferry

Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co. Sub-Manager, Kan Koam Tsing & Co... Draughtsman, Powell's Building...... Assistant, Hong Nin Savings Bank, Ld. Reception Clerk, Hong Kong Hotel... Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.

Engineer, Marsman Hong Kong

China, Ld.

Macdonnell Road Building. 350 Prince Edward Road, K'loon. On premises.

524 The Peak.

2 Maple Street, Shamshuipo.

Jubilee Pier.

7 Yick Kwan Avenue.

2 Maple Street, 2nd floor, Sham-

shuipo.

330 Fook Wing Street, 1st floor, 319 Shanghai St., Kowloon. 4 Maple Street, 3rd floor, Sham-

shuipo.

10 Prince's Terrace, Top floor.

185 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor. 47 Pilkem Street, Yaumati. On premises.

792 Nathan Road, Kowloon. 48 Nullah Road, Mongkoktsui.

Tung Shun Li, Un Long,

25 Sharp Street E., 2nd floor. On premises.

103 Jaffé Road, 2nd floor, Wanchai.

106 Boundary Street,. Kowloon.

Jubilee Pier. On premises.

67 Leighton Hill Road, 1st floor. On premises.

29 Wongneichong Road, 2nd floor. On premises.

299 Prince Edward Road,

Kowloon.

108 Austin Road, 2nd floor,

Kowloon.

Clerk, Banque Belge pour l'Etrangere 81 Austin Road, Kowloon. Assistant, China Provident Loan &

Mortgage Co., Ld.

Bookkeeper, American Express Co., Inc.. Salesman, J. Ruttonjee & Son

Assistant Manager, General

Amusements, Ld.

Shorthand teacher, Shorthand and

Commercial Bureau

3 To Li Terrace.

10 Mau Lam Street, Yaumati.

24 Sai Yeung Choi Street, 1st floor,

Mongkok tsui.

217 Fa Yuen Street, Mongkoktsui.

118 Taipo Road, Kowloon.

Clerk, E. D. Sassoon Banking Co., Ld.... 205 Johnston Road, 3rd floor,

Clerk, The Central Trading Co. District Manager, Texas Co. (China),

Ld.

'

Manager, A. W. Factory, A. S. Watson

* Co., Lủ.

Storekeeper, H. K. & Whampoa

Dock Co., Ld.

Wanchai. On premises.

532 The Peak.

Aerated Water Factory, North Point.

On premises.

39.

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

L-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Lawrie, John Ferguson.. Lay, Alexander-Hyde Lay, William

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire.. Mercantile Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld. Enginner, General Electric Co. of

China, Ld.

Le Cheuk-kuen, Thomas. Incorporated Accountant, Thomas Le

Le Fook-cheong

Leask, Arthur James......

Leckie, William Fletcher

Lederhofer, Rudolf Victor... Lee, Arthur Yooklum

Lee Chan-kee

Lee Chan-ang

Lee Chee-leung, Antonio Lee Chi-tsun

Lee Chung-yew Lee, Colin

Lee, Edward Adolphus... Lee, Francis

Lee, Francis Xavier *Lee. Frauk

Lee, George

Lee, George Albert Lee Gwok-ying

Lee Hau-shing

Lee Hing-wah Lee Ho-cbuen Lee Iu-cheung Lee Jick-ting Lee, Johnson

Lee, Johnson Peter Lee, Joseph William.. Lee Khan-chung Lee Kwang-yim

Lee, Livingstone

Lee, Louis

Lee Luk-kut

Lee, Paul

Lee, Peter Francis Lee, Phillip Sydney

Lee Ping-nam.... Lee Pon-leung Lee, Richard Edmund Lee, Robert Ernest...... Lee, Rodney

Lee Shiu-kai.......

Lee Shu-sing

C. Kuen & Co.

Assistant, Union Insurance Society

of Canton, Ld. Sub-Accountant, Chartered Bank of

India, Australia & China Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld. Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Assistant Engineer, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

Clerk, American President Lines, Ld. Assistant, H.K. Mines, Ld. Clerk, Chase Bank

Assistant, Chase Bank Cashier, Repulse Bay Hotel Civil Engineer, Leigh and Orange. Assistant, H. E. Arns Stenographer, Reiss, Bradley & Co., Ld.. Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co.. Harbour Representative, H.K. & Shang-

hai Hotels, Ld.

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Assistant, Carroll Bros. Secretary, Jowson Co., Ld.

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld........

Clerk, Utoomal & Assudamal & Co.... Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld. Merchant, Globe Trading Co. Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Sub-Accountant, The Bank of Canton,

Ld.

Mason, Joseph S. Lee & Co. Clerk, Java-China-Japan Line Clerk, Che San & Co. Accountant, Optorg Co. (Malaya)

Ld.

Head, General Department, Kwangsi

Provincial Import & Export Syndicate

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Bookkeeper, Oversea-Chinese Banking

Corporation, Ld....

Assistant Manager, St. Francis Hotel- Accountant, Friesland Trading Co. Ld. Merchant, China Mercantile Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Clerk, Domestic Engineers. Ld.......... Clerk, Central Trading Co. Architect, Chau & Lee

Accountant, Office Appliance Co., Ld. Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,(S.C.)

Ld....

Merchant, R. H. Kotewall & Co. Assistant, Rudolf, Wolff & Kew, Ld....

On premises. 514 The Peak.

6 Norfolk Rd., Kowloon Tong.

44 Hankow Road, Kowloon.

158 Queen's Road C., 2nd floor.

140 Kennedy Road.

114 The Peak.

108 Waterloo Road, Kowloon.

62 Nga Chin Wai Road, Kowloon

City.

65 Hennessy Road. On premises.

109 Queen's Road East.

84 Morrison Hill Road.

On premises.

On premises.

25 Parkes Street, Kowloon. 25 Luard Road, 1st floor. On premises.

17 Cameron Road, Kowloon. On premises.

23-25 Parkes Street, Kowloon. Golden Star Mansion, Austin

Road, Kowloon.

2 Siŭ Wali Terrace, 1st floor. 2 George Street, Ground floor. 120 Johnston Road, Wanchai. On premises.

32 Lee Tung Street, Wanchai.

On premises.

10 Morrison Hill Road.

4 Saifee Terrace, Kowloon. On premises.

54 Lee Tung Street, 1st floor.

61 Des Voeux Road C.

On premises.

3 Tin Lok Lane, 3rd floor. On premises.

1 Nam Kok Rd., Kowloon City.

46 Cheung Sha Wan Road,

2nd floor, Shamshuipo.

150 Fa Yuen Street, Mongkoktsui. On premises.

22 Kai Tack Bund, Kowloon City. 1 Essex Crescent, Kowloon Tong.

Ou premises.

10 Po Shan Road.

351 Des Voeux Road West, Top fl.

NAME IN FULL.

40

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

L--Continued.

Lee Sik-chau

Lee Tat-Wing

Lee, Thomas Clayton Lee Tse-yen

Lee Wa-chue

Lee Wah-seyle Lee Wai-cheung. Lee Wai-tong Lee Wan-choi

Lee Woon-foo......

Lee Yan-to

Lee Yat-ngok

Lee Yee-chi

Lee Yin-chuen

Lee Yook-tong

Lee Yung-chang Leeuwen, van Henry

Leghorn, John Kenneth

Meter Inspector, China Light & Power

Co., Là.

Clerk, Manufacturers Life Ins., Co. Engineer, Wallace Harper & Co., Ld. Assistant, Chase Bank

Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Assistant, Texas Co. (China), Ld. Clerk, John D. Humphreys & Co., Ld. Secretary, The Swedish Trading Co..... Eng. Instructor, F. E. Flying

Training School, Ld.

Clerk, Chase Bank

Salesman, H. K. & Shanghai

Hotels, Ld.

Managing Director, Local Printing

Press, Ld.

Clerk, Garage Department, H. K. &

Shanghai Hotels, Ld. Draughtsman, Davies Brook & Gran.

Chinese Agent, Canadian Pacific S.S.,

Ld.

Assistant, U. S. Life Insurance Co... Assistant, Java-China-Japan Lijn

N.V.

Workshop Superintendent, H.K. Tram-

ways, Ld.

Leiper, Gerald Andrew ..... Sub-Accountant, Chartered Bank of

Leitão, Eduardo Ignacio

Read

Leitch, James Rea.....

Lemm, Herbert George...... Leon, Caesar Augusto Leon, Luiz Francisco.... Leonard, Norman Lionel... Leonard, Stanley Lawrence.

Leong, Albert William

Edward

Leong Chang-to........ Leong Futt-yeow

Leong, Harold Clarence..

Leong Ngai-pooi.....................

Leong Sai-yin Leong Sew-hong

Leong, Thomas Leong, Victor Clarence

Leong Ying-swee

Lessan, Francisco de la Page Leuenberger, Andre Marc...

Leung Chak-mau Leung Cho-u

Leung Chu-wing

Leung Chung-ming

t.

India, Australia & China

Asst., China Underwriters, Ld.. Draughtsman, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Lủ.

Salesman, Texas Co. (China), Ld... Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Assistant, Optorg Co. (Malaya), Ld....... Assistant, Dairy Farin, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld.

Underwriter, Manufacturers Life Insur-

ance Co.

Clerk, Dunlop Rubber Co. (China), Ld.... Clerk, Marsman H.K. China, Ld. Assistant, Bornemann & Co.

Attorney, Loke Yang Cheong

Clerk, Dunlop Rubber Co. (China), Ld... Accountant, Optorg Co. (Malaya)

Ld.

Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Assistant Compradore, H.K. Land

Investment & Agency Co., Ld......................

Clerk, Swie Hong Trading Co.,

Ld.

Foreman, Texas Co. (China), Ld. Merchant, Nestle & Anglo-Swiss

Condensed Milk Co. Shroff, Texas Co. (China), Ld. Compradore, The Swedish Trading Co.... Assistant, Chase Bank

Salesman, Lane, Crawford, Ld.

5 Lung Kong Road, 2nd floor,

Kowloon City.

45 Bute St., 1st fl., Mongkoktsui. 323 Shanghai Street, 2nd floor. 67 Fook Wing Street.

498 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

1 Garden Terrace.

69 Caine Road, Top floor.

6 Caroline Road.

120 Kennedy Road, Ground fl. 34 Un Chaú Street, Top floor,

Shamshuipo.

5 Tin Lok Lane, 2nd floor.

514 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

29 Yiu Wah Street, 1st floor. 33 Cheung Sha Wan Road,

Shamsuipo.

24 Kai Tack Road, Kowloon City. 792 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

4 Conduit Road.

11 Broadwood Road.

8 Aigburth Hall, May Road.

124 Waterloo Rd., Kowloon Tong.

On premises.

Upper Spring Garden Lane. 8 Austin Avenue, Kowloon. 8 Austin Avenue, Kowloon.

1 Kennedy Road.

41 Kennedy Road.

4 Fort Street.

59 Bonham Road.

4 Fuk Wing St., Gr. fl., Kowloon. 4 Fort Street, 1st floor, North

Point.

161 Sai Yeung Choi Street, 2nd

floor, Mongkoktsui.

77B Hollywood Road, 1st floor.

226 Jaffé Road, 1st floor. 29 Old Bailey Street.

42 Cheung Sha Wan Road, 2nd

floor, Shamshuipo.

On premises.

165 Tam Kung Road, Kowloon.

Peninsula Hotel.

20 Amoy Street.

17 King Kong St., Happy Valley. 99 Jaffé Road, Ground fl., Wanchai. 96 Thomson Road.

41

P

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

L—Continued.

ADDRESS.

*

Leung Fung

Leung Hew-fung Leung Hing Leung Hong-kiu Leung Iu-wing Leung Kam-fat Leung Kam-kwong Leung Kwok-yu... Leung Lu-cheung Leung Min-sze

Leung Ping-hang Leung Ping-kwan Leung Po-shan Leung Pong-im Leung Pui-kam

Leung Shiu-ying

Leung Shúi-tak Leung Shui-po Leung Sik-hong- Leung Sik-kai

Leung Sin-miu Leung Ting-kau. Leung Tsai.... Leung Wai-cheung Leung, Wesley George Leung Ying Leung Yu Leung Yun-hei Leung Yun-hung Lew, Edmond.............

Lew Sin Lewis, Edgar Li Chin-lung Li Chor-chi

Li Hon-ning

Li Hugh-king

Li Ka-tit

Li Kai-ping... Li Koon-pak Li Kwan-hung Li Kwok-hung Li Lam-sang

Li Man-wai Li Moon

Li Na-kan *Li Pin-cheng

Li Po-cheung

Li Po-shan

Li Pui-fong

Assistant, H. K. Brewery &

Distillery Co., Ld.

Clerk, Anderson & Ashe..... Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld.. Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Superintendent, Repulse Bay Hotel.. Clerk, Lloyd Triestino.

1st Cashier, Java-China-Japan Line Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld. Clerk, Garage Dept., H. K. & Shanghai Hotels, Ld.

Salesman, Lane, Crawford, Ld.

576 Queen's Rd. W., Top floor.

2 Peel Street, Ground floor.

2 Sai Yeung Choi St., Mongkoktsui. On premises.

526 Nathan Rd., 3rd fl., Kowloon. On premises.

28 Yik Yam Road.

27 Wongneichong Road. 171 Pei Ho St., Shamsuipo.

415 Jaffé Road.

62 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.. 90 Reclamation St., 1st floor.

Clerk, Lane, Crawford, Ld.

Clerk, W. A. Hannibal & Co., Ld. Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Housekeeper, H. K. Jockey Club......

Clerk, H.K. & China Gas Co., Ld. Clerk, Butterfield & Swire Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Assistant, American Asiatic Under-

writers, Fed. Inc., U.S.A. Clerk, Eastman Kodak Co. Shipping Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld. Manager, Banker & Co., Ld. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld.. Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Assistant, Macau Jockey Club.... Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Assistant, U. S. Life Insurance Co. Assistant, Chase Bank

Engineer Instructor, Far East Flying

Training School Ld. Draughtsman, Davies, Brooke & Gran Exchange Broker, A. & S. Hancock... Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co. Sub-Accountant, Oversea-Chinese

Banking Corporation, Ld...... Clerk, Deutsche Farben Handelsgesell-

schaft (L. Waibel & Co.) Representative, Confederation Life

Association

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Clerk, St. Francis Hotel

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Accountant, Chinese Estates, Ld. Clerk, Bodiker & Co.

Secretary, Wo Fat Sing, Ld. and other

Companies

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. No. 1 Clerk, China Cotton & Yarn

Co.

Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld. Assistant, Audersen, Meyer & Co., Ld... Assistant, Jardine Engineering

Corporation, Ld. Clerk, Jebsen & Co.

Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld.

11 Fleming Road, 3rd floor.

37 Bute St., Gr. fl., Mongkoktsui. 141 Sai Yee Street, Mongkok tsui. 10 Chak Chuen Street,

Happy Valley.

299 Jaffé Road, 1st floor. On premises.

29 Tung Choi St., Mongkoktsui.

10 Russell Street, Top floor.

77 Leighton Hill Rd., 2nd floor. 129 Battery Street.

19 Shelley Street. On premises.

4 Fort Street, 1st floor. Gloucester Building.

30 D'Aguilar Street.

60 Bonham Road, Ground floor. 384 Lockbart Road.

422 Prince Edward Rd., Kowloon. On premises. Hong Kong Club.

On premises.

37 Kai Tack Bund, Kowloon City.

392 Portland Street, Mongkok.

79 Pokfulam Road.

On premises.

On premises.

On premises.

On premises.

210 Jaffé Road, Ground floor.

81 Wing Lok Street. On premises.

42 Battery Street. 79 Hollywood Road. 242 Jaffé Road.

182 Hennessy Road, 1st floor. 193 Wanchai Road.

101 Ki Lung Street, 2nd floor.

¿

NAME IN FULL.

L-Continued.

42

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

Li, Raymond

Li Shu-fong Li Shui-yuen

Li Shun-see

Li Sui-wing Li Wa-fun Liang Chi-shiu

Liang Chi-tai

Liang Ding-kai

Sub-Accountant, Bank of Canton,

Ld.

Banker, The Wing On Bank, Ld.. Clerk, Bodiker & Co.

Assistant, Deutsche Farben Handelsge-

sellschaft Waibel & Co................. Compradore, Davie, Boag & Co., Ld. Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Manager, China Entertainment Land

Investment Co., Ld.

Clerk, H. M. H. Nemazee. Clerk, Kian Gwan Co. India, Ld..

Liang, Henry Tien Renn. Builder, Hoy Yuen Liang Yen-yuen

Liebenschutz, Piet Vincent

Constantijn Eduard

Liedke, Ludwig Carl.

Lieu Jensen

Lieu Tsung-yao

Lik Sing-poon

Lim Cheng-joo

Lim Ching-wai

Lim En-tet ...

Lim Kim-chong

Lim, James Anthony...

Assistant, Ramsey & Co.

Assistant, Java-China-Japan Line, N.V.

Merchant, Siemssen & Co.

Assistant, Texas Co. (China), Ld.. Assistant Manager, China Assurance

Corporation, Ld.

Clerk, Himly, Ld.................. Sub-Accountant, Oversea-Chinese

Banking Corporation, Ld...

Clerk, Kian Gwan Co. India, Ld..... Clerk, Hume Pipe (Far East), Ld. Cashier, General Amusements, Ld. General Assistant, H.K. Rubber Manu-

facturing Co., Ld.

Lima, Luiz Gonzaga de...... Assistant, Green Island Cement Co., Ld.

Linaker, John..................

Lin Hoe-wah

* Ling Kam-hon

Ling Siu-san

Liu Hung-chieu

Liu Vincent

Lloyd, Lionel Malcolm

Snape...

Lloyd, Norman Duplan Lo Chung-wan

Lo Hing-tong Lo Ho-kee Lo Ho-pang Lo Ho-yeung Lo Hung-hing Lo Kai-hong Lo Kung-mok Lo Kwan-wai... Lo Kwee-seong Lo Man-kwong Lo Pak-him Lo Pak-wang

Lo Pun-wai

Lo Siu-ling

Lo Tai-yau.

Lo Tam-lai

Sworn Measurer, Sworn Measurers'

Office

Clerk, T. A. Martin & Co.... Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld.

Salesman, Garage Dept., H. K. &

Shanghai Hotels, Ld. Sampler, Franklin Laboratory

Contactman, Swan, Culbertson &

Fritz

Secretary, Marsman Hong Kong China

Co., Ed.

Engineer, Arnhold & Co., Ld. Compradore, Nederlandsche Handel-

Maatschappij, N.V.

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld. Assistant, Seemin & Lyon Manager, Kai Hong Trading Co. Compradore, Bornemann & Co. Assistant, Lane, Crawford, Ld. Manager, Eu Tong Sen, Ld. Clerk, Sworn Measurers' Office Clerk, Reiss, Bradley & Co., Ld. Cashier, Garage Department, H. K.

& Shanghai Hotels, Ld. Clerk, Lane, Crawford, Ld. Bookkeeper, W. H. Comstock &

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld...

Draughtsman, Marsman Hong Kong

China Co., Ld.

On premises. On premises.

29 Mosque Junction.

5 Po Wah Street. 9 Ngan Mok Street. Cheung Chau Island,

26 Victory Avenue, Homuntin. 21 Fok Lo Tsun St., 1st floor. 10 Leighton Hill Road. On premises.

596 Queen's Rd. W., Top floor.

8 Ho Mun Tin Hill Road,

Homuntin.

On premises.

2 Bowrington Road.

73 Hill Road, 2nd floor. 32 Connaught Road Central.

Chinese Y.M.C,A.,

On premises.

Kowloon.

9 Mile Castle Peak Road. 42 Village Road.

56 E & F Belcher Street, 1st floor,

Kennedy Town.

5 Nanking Street, 3rd fl., Yaumati.

On premises.

30 Percival Street, 2nd floor. 50 Tak Ku Ling Road,

Kowloon City.

6 Lee Tung Street, 1st floor. 50 Haiphong Road, Top floor,

Kowloon.

Chinese Y.M.C.A., Kowloon.

On premises. 107 The Peak.

On premises. On premises. On premises. Ou premises.

18 Eastern Street.

2 Sui Wa Terrace, Saiyingpun. 77 Pokfulam Road.

42 Wyndham Street.

222 Queen's Road East, 2nd floor. 12 Tai Hang Road.

Ou premises.

206 Lockhart Road, 1st floor.

"B" Block, St. Joseph's Bldg. 222 Queen's Road East, 2nd floor.

57 Caine Road.

21 Sai Kung Road, 2nd fl., K'loon

60 Main Street.

NAME IN FULL.

L-Continued.

43

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

Lo Tam-tai

Lo Wing

Lo Ying-ynen. Lo Yiu-wah Lock, Andre Lock, Thomas

Loh Eng-chee

Loh Loen

Loh Meng-choon

Lok Juh-kuin Lok Ping-cho

Daughtsman, Concrete Products, Ld.. Book-keeper, Paper Co., Ld....... Clerk, South British Insurance Co., Ld... Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld.. Clerk, Central Trading Co.

Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Clerk, Deutsche Farben Handelge-

sellschaft

Supervisor of Works, China

Construction Co., Ld.

Assistant Chemist, Taikoo Sugar

Refining Co., Ld.

Chemist, Arnhold Trading Co., Ld. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld.. Lomaev, George Andrew. Ticket Clerk, Canadian Pacific

Steamships, Ld.

Longfield, Geoffrey Phelps. Flying Instructor, Far East Flying

Longfield, Stuart

Loo Koon-ming

Loo Shun Loo Suen-wing

Loo Tai-leung

Loo, William Loo Yuen-pok Loong Tsun-ying

Loos, de Pieter Anne....

Lopes, Arthur Anjos dos. Lopes, Americo Augusto Lopes, Carlos Augusto Lopes, Clementino

Leonardo Lopes, Dellano Vicente. Lopes, Dinarte Ferrer Lopes, Fernão Henrique

Lopes, Secundino Antonio. Louie, Edward Loureiro, Francisco

Alpoim

Loveless, Edward William Lovett, George Stanley.... Low, Eli Ernest

Low, George Anthony Low Khin-ling

Low, Victor Thomas

Low, William Howard

Lowe, Frederick Arthur.. Lowe, Herbert John

Denny

Lowig, Hans

Training School, Ld.

Electrical Engineer, Hong Kong

Electric Co., Ld.

Clerk, General Electric Co. of China,

Ld.

Clerk, H. K. Telephone Co., Ld... Compradore, Ed. A. Keller & Co.,

Ld.

Clerk, Marsman Hong Kong China,

Ld.

Clerk, Thomson & Co.

3rd Cashier, Java-China-Japan Line Mercantile Assistant, Arnhold Trading

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Java-China-Japan Lijn,

N. V.

Broker, Carrol Bros.

Clerk, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co. Assistant, Bank Line, Ld.

Clerk, II.K. & Shanghai Bank Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co....... Assistant, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China. Manager, Jolop & Co.......

Clerk, Dunlop Rubber Co. (China), Ld...

Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld.. Assistant, Butterfield & Swire

Merchant, The Organic Fertilizer Co., Ld. Mercantile Assistant, Arnhold

Trading Co., Ld.

Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Assistant, Arnhold Trading Co., Ld................... Engineer, Palmer & Turner Accounting Department, British

American Tobacco Co. (China), Ld... Hotel Proprietor, Trocadero Hotel....

Assistant, Imperial Chemical

Industries (China), Ld. Assistant, Repulse Bay Hotel

60 Main Street.

93 Tai Po Road, Top floor. On premises. On premises. On premises. 11 Dragon Road.

172 Hai Tan Street.

22 Belcher Street.

818 King's Road.

36 Russell Street, 3rd floor. On premises.

Y.M.C.A., Kowloon.

271 (Flat C.) Prince Edward Koad,

Kowloon.

H.E.C. Qrts., 1 Duddell Street.

60 Fuk Wing Street. 41 Graham Road.

20 Po Yee Street, 3rd floor.

85 Argyle Street, Kowloon. 95 Hennessy Road, 3rd floor. 310 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

36 Russell Street, 3rd floor.

Arlingt Hotel. 222ince Edward Rd., Kowloon. 7A Granville Road, Kowloon. 17 Soares Avenue, Homuntin.

21 Granville Road, Kowloon. 21 Granville Road, Kowloon. 21 Granville Road, Kowloon,

21 Granville Road, Kowloon. 12 Dorset Crescent, Kowloon Tong. 25 Lee Yuen Street.

18 Observatory Road, Kowloon, On premises.

14 Queen's Road Central.

778 Nathan Road, 2nd floor,

Kowloon,

253 Lockhart Road, 3rd floor. 322 Nathan Road, 1st floor, K'loon. Moana, San Chuk Yuan Road.

250 Lockhart Road. On premises.

On premises.

On premises.

44

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

L-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Loy, Joseph Henry

Chan du

Lubeseder, Hans

Lucas, Lothar.................

Lueer,

Heinrich

Luering, Karl Lui Chuen

Lui Chung-sun Lui Hing-ling..

Lui In-tso

Lui, Raymond Lui Sai-chee Luk Charles Luk Che-hing.. Luk Che-wah Luk Ho-hoi

Luk Man-lok

Luk Ting-cheung

Luk Oi Wan

Luke Chow, George....

Luke, Wingay

Lum, Arthur Howard

Lum Kum-yun

Lum, Matthew Maria

Lum, Wilkie

Lung Tin-tong

* Lunny, James Francis Lunson, Thomas............

Luz, Arthur Francisco da... Luz, Francisco José da

Luz, Henrique Francisco da

Luz, José Alberto da.... Luz, Juan Victor da

Lyen, Alfred Victor

Lyle, David Laird

Lyon, David

M

Ma Fong-shu Ma Kwok-hong Ma Shum-ka

Clerk, Friesland Trading Co., Ld...... Assistant Manager, China Export &

Import & Bank Co.

Merchant, Deutsche Farben

Handelsgesellschaft (Waibel & Co.)... Salesman, Deutsche Farben-Handels-

gesellschaft (Waibel & Co.) Clerk, Jebsen & Co.

General Foreman, Texas Co. (China),

Ld.

Assistant, J. M. Alves & Co., Ld.................... Clerk, National Aniline & Chemical

Co., U.S.A..

Merchant, National Aniline & Chemical

Co., U.S.A...

13 Fuk Wing Street.

7 Cameron Road, Chatham

Annexe, Kowloon.

15 Hillwood Road, Kowloon.

R.B.L. 174, Pokfulam Road. 112 Waterloo Road, Kowloon.

Ou premises.

5 Staunton Street, 2nd floor.

15 Po Yun Street, Top floor.

72 Wellington Street, 1st floor.

Manager, O. K. Music Supply Co.... 39 Leigton Hill Road.

Secretary, Tung Shan Hotel. Clerk, Central Trading Co... Clerk. Kian Gwan Co. India, Ld. Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld.. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld.. Assistant, H.K. Land Investment &

Agency Co., Ld

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Chinese Insurance Manager, New Zealand Insurance Co., Ld. Representative, Confederation Life

Association

Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Sales Agent, National Cash Register

Co.

Salesman, Jones Wong (Furniture)

& Co.

Clerk, Wallace, Harper & Co., Ld.

Merchant, Wing On Fire & Marine

Ins. Co., Ld.

Assistant Cashier, Bank of East Asia,

Ld.

Engineer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Stock Superintendent, Dairy Farm, Ice

& Cold Storage Co., Ld. Assistant, Netherlands Trading Society... Clerk, China Light & Power Co.,

Ld.

Secretary, H.K., Canton & Macao

Steamboat Co., Ld.

Assistant, Netherlands Trading Society. Clerk, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld. Merchant, T. H. Lee & Co. Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld.

Mercantile Assistant, Jardine, Matheson

* Co., Ld.

Foreman, H.K. Mines, Ld............. Compradore, Chase Bank Compradore Assistant, Chase Bank

On premises.

On premises.

262 Jaffé Road, 1st floor. 86 Tai Nan Street. On premises.

32 Elgin Street, 2nd floor. On premises.

14 Arbuthnot Road, 2nd floor.

70 Parkes Street, Kowloon. 21 Babington Path.

43a Conduit Road, 1st floor.

On premises.

175 Sai Yeung Choi Street,

1st floor, Mongkoktsui.

8 O'Brien Road, Wanchai.

On premises.

H.E.C. Qrs., 12 Causeway Hill.

Claymore, Pokfulam. On premises.

11 Liberty Avenue, Homuntin.

64 Macdonnell Road, On premises.

2 Peace Avenue, Homuntin.

16 Pottinger Street.

Quarry Bay.

67 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

On premises.

5 Ning Yeung Terrace. 5 Ning Yang Terrace.

NAME IN FULL.

45

OCCUPATION,

ADDRESS.

M—Continued.

Ma Wai-lum

Ma Wing-fat

Ma Yue-man

* Maa, Maxwell

Maberly, Charles Robert

MacAlister, Donald

Macaskill, Kenneth Roderick

Macdonald, Joseph..........

MacEwen, David Walter Macfarlane, Alexander

Macfarlane, William

...

MacGregor, David Duncan.

MacGregor, Robin

Christopher Farrar

Machado, Francisco

Antonio....

MacIndoe, Andrew...

MacIntyre, Thomas John

Blackwell

Mack, Alastair MacDonald. Mackenzie, Allan

Mackenzie, Allan

William

Assistant, Davie, Boag & Co., Ld......... Clerk, China Emporium, Ld. Merchant, China Can Co.

Acting Secretary, Der A Wing & Co.,

(1923) Ld.

Draughtsman, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld,

Architect, Palmer and Turner

Assistant, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ltd.

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co... Engineer, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld....

Engineer, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld..... Sub-Accountant, Chartered Bank of

India, Australia & China

Merchant, Caldbeck, Macgregor & Co.,

Ld.

Assistaut, China Provident Loan &

Mortgage Co., Ld....

Assistant Manager, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld.

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineer-

ing Co., of H.K. Ld.

Assistant, H. K. & Shanghai Bank Assistant, China Provident Loan &

Mortgage Co., Ld.

Assistant, H. K. & Whampoa Dock

Co.. Lả.

Mackenzie, Andrew Neilson Assistant Engineer, H.K. & Kowloon

Mackenzie, David..........

Mackenzie, John Murdo

Mackinnon, John

Macdougall

Mackintosh, Charles Edward

Mackintosh, Frederick

Alexander.

Wharf & Godown Co., Ld. Superintendent Engineer, H.K. &

50 Western Street, 2nd floor. On premises.

On premises.

2B Boundary Street, Kowloon.

On premises. H.K. Club.

On premises.

Taikoktsui Installation. On premises.

Ice Works, East Point.

Ice Works, East Point.

161 The Peak.

On premises.

23A Cameron Road, Kowloon.

Quarry Bay.

On premises. On premises.

29 Canton Road, 3rd floor,

Kowloon.

On premises.

1 Pratt Avenue.

Kowloon Wharf & Godown Co., Ld... 53 Kimberley Road, Kowloon.

Assistant, Freight Department,

Canadian Pacific S.S., Ld.

Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie

& Co.

Assistant, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China ...

Manager, Mackintosh's, Ld.

MacLennan Donald Og.. Mercantile Assistant, Jardine,

Macleod, Forbes

Madar, Ahmed Husain

Madar, Mahmud Pillay

Madar, Thomas Andrew

Maher, Antonio Maria....

Maher, Antonio Paulo

Matheson & Co., Ld.

Chartered Accountant, Percy Smith,

Seth & Fleming

Assistant, A. F. Arculli & Sons......

Assistant, A. F. Arculli & Sons.......

Manager, Twentieth Century Fox

Federal Inc.. U.S.A. Store-keeper, H. K. & Whampoa

Dock Co., Ld. Overseer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.

172-174 Sai Yeung Choi Street,

Mongkoktsui.

On premises.

14 Jordon Road, Kowloon.

270 The Peak.

Y.M.C.A., Kowloon.

Empress Lodge, Kowloon. 8 Fuk Kwan Avenue, Tai Hang Hill.

8 Fuk Kwan Avenue,

Tai Hang Hill.

49 Kimberley Road, Kowloon.

On premises. Wanchai Substation, H.E.C.

Quarters.

NAME IN FULL.

46

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

M--Continued.

Maher, Francis William

Main, Robert

Mak Chun-poy Mak Kiu-fan

Mak Lai-yim Mak On-tai

Mak Ping-kuen

Mak Shiu-ping

Mak U-mui......

Malcolm, Alexander Man Hon-kwong Man Yan-tang Manalac, Roman Jesus Manning, Ernest..... Mansfield, Philip Cecil....

Mansfield, William Robert..

Mansukhani, Atmaran Udharam.... Manton, Alfred Joseph

Mar, James

Marçal, Henrique Oscar......

Mardulyn, Perre.........

Margrett, Harold Chitherow

Mark Kei-chan

Mark Sao-wha

* Markar, Cassim Gafoor...... Markar, Ebrahim Rumjahn.

Marle, Karel Eduard Van...

Marques, Carlos Antonio

Marques, Carlos Vicente

Marques, Edmundo

Marques, José Daniel

Maria

Marques, Luiz Gonzaga' Marques, Luiz Zeferino.

Marques. Roberto Maria Marriott, Henry

Marrs, Graham

Mallinson

Marshall, Adam

Marshall, James Gray.... Martin, Alfred John James Martin, James Buckland

Shipwright Diver, H.K. & Whampoa

Dock Co., Ld......

Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co., of H.K. Ld. Cashier, A. H. Basto

Clerk, Davie, Boag & Co., Ld.

Clerk, National City Bank of New York. Clerk, H.K. & China Gas Co., Ld....

Salesman, Whiteaway, Laidlaw &

Co.. Ld.

Accountant Clerk, Texas Co. (China),

Ld. .....

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Cantou, Ld.......

Engineer, Malcolm & Co., Ld. Clerk, Wing On Bank, Ld. Manager, Bank of Canton, Ld. Clerk, R. J. Manalac

Assistant, John D. Hutchison & Co..... Mercantile Assistant, Jardine,

Matheson & Co., Ld. Sub-Manager, Union Insurance Society

of Cauton, Ld.

Accountant, The Standard Press, Ld. Building Superintendent, National City

Bank of New York

Clerk, General Motors China, Ld. Clerk, Nederlandsche Indische

Commercial Bank, N.V. Accountant, Banque Belge pour l'Etranger, (E.O.) S.A..... Manager, General Electric Co. of China

Ld.

Assistant, A. H. Potts

Assistant. Peking Syndicate, Ld. Clerk, Holland China Trading Co., Ld.... Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld................

Accountant, Nederlandsche Handels

Maatschappij, N.V.

On premises.

On premises.

1 Sharp Street W.

8 Lung On Street, 2nd floor,

Wanchai.

47 Belcher's St. West, 2nd floor. 130 Yu Chow Street, 2nd floor,

Shamshuipo.

18 Dorset Crescent, Kowloon

Tong.

404 Portland Street, Kowloon.

287 Lockbart Road, 2nd floor. Flat 18, Hillcrest. On premises. On premises. 14 Fort Street.

19 Babington Path.

9 Tregunter Mansions.

454 The Peak.

70 Robinson Road.

2 Queen's Road Central.

395 Hennessy Road.

793 Nathan Rd., 1st floor, K'loon.

7 St. John's Apartments.

295 The Peak.

109 Sai Yeung Choi Street,

Mongkoktsui.

16 Stanley Street.

2 Morrison Hill Road, 2nd floor.

449 Lockhart Road.

On premises.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co. 14 Tung Cheong Building,

Clerk, II.K. Electric Co., Ld...................

Kowloon.

9 Leighton Hill Road.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co. 8 Lau Sin Street.

Assistant, H.K. & Whampoa Dock Co.,

Ld.

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China

Reception Clerk, H.K. Hotel Sergeant of Police, H.K. & Whampoa

Dock Co., Ld.....

Assistant, Union Insurance Society

of Canton, Ld. Shipbuilder, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Lu.

Clerk, C. M. Karanjia & Co. Clerk, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co. Banker, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

On premises.

306 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

11 Soares Avenue, Homuntin. 230 Nathan Rd, Top fl., Kowloon,

On premises.

22 Macdonnell Road.

On premises.

4 Hillwood Road, Kowloon. 36 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 353 The Peak.

*

NAME IN FULL

M-Continued.

47

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

Martin, Lawrence Anthony

Martin, Thomas Archdale... Mason, Thomas

* Master, Rustam Jehangir...

Mathias, Alfonso

Crescencio

Mathieu, Pierre Benjamin... Matthews, Eric Arthur

...

Mattos, Augusto Arthur Maueishagen, Walter.... Maurice, Matthew Stephen Mauricio, Alfred Joseph Maxwell, John Jex

Maxwell, Peter

May, George Thomas

May, Oscar Wilhelm

Octavio

Maycock, John Henry Maycock, William George.. McAdam, David Marshall

McAlpine, Archibald. McArthur, Andrew

McCabe, Patrick Farmer... McClatchie, John Dermot...] McCombe, William Wightman

McConnell, Walter John McCormick, Charles

James

McDonald, James Joseph

Celestine McDonald, John Erskine.

McFerran, David

McGrane, George

McIntyre, Kenneth

McKay, Hugh Stewart McKellar, Alexander..

McKelvie, John..

McKenzie, James

Stanley

Assistant, John D. Hutchison & Co.

Proprietor, T. A. Martin & Co. Engineer, H. K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Electrical Engineer, China Light &

Power Co., L.

Foreman, Vibro Piling Co., Ld.

Manager, Optorg Company (Malaya), Banker, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld. Engineer, Bornemann & Co.

Clerk, American Express Co., Inc. Physical Instruetor

Assistant, H.K. & Kowloon Wharf &

Godown Co., Ld.

Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Representative, Confederation Life

Association (of Canada)

Manager, Bodiker & Co. Engineer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Partner, A. Dransfield & Co. Assistant Wharf Manager, Holt's

Wharf

Ld.

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineering

Co. of H.K., Ld.

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Banker, II.K. & Shaughai Bank

Engineer Instructor, Far East Flying

Training School, Ld.

Banker, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

212 Sai Yeung Choi Street,

Mongkoktsui.

7 Branksome Towers.

On premises.

474 Nathan Road, Kowloou.

161 Sai Yee Street, 2nd floor,

Shamsuipo.

300 Prince Edward Rd., Kowloon. 7th floor, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Building.

18 Mau Lam Street, Yaumati. 2 Longsight Villas, Victoria Rd. 3 Stuart Road.

86/88 Caine Road, 2nd floor.

5A & 7 Ashley Road, Kowloon. 281 Lockhart Road.

Central Medical Stores.

Ellenbud Villa, Sassoon Road. 21 Shouson Hill. 21 Shouson Hill.

Windsor Lodge, Austin Avenue,

Kowloon.

On premises, 11th floor.

Quarry Bay. On premises. 10 The Peak.

Y.M.C.A., Kowloon. 10 The Peak.

Clerk, Lowe, Bingham & Maththews 25 Nathan Rd., Kowloon.

Cable Assistant, S. E. Levy & Co. Storekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co., Ld. Engineer, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld........

Accountant, Standard-Vacuum Oil

Co.

Asst. Supt. Engineer, Butterfield &

Swire

Electrical Engineer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie &

Co., La.

Boilermaker, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Office Assistant, H. K. Mines, Ld..... McKenzie, William Louis... Chartered Accountant, H.K. Telephone

McKibbin Robert

Co., Ltd.

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co., of H.K. Ld.

McKie, William George... Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineer-

ing Co., Ld.

43 Morrison Hill Road, 2nd fi.

On premises.

Lamma View, Pokfulam,

Peninsula Hotel.

On premises.

II.E.C. Quarters, 6 Causeway Hill.

On premises.

On premises.

On premises.

93 Waterloo Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

On premises.

NAME IN FULL.

48

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

M-Continued.

McLaren, Harold William

George

McMullen, Temple Edward..

McNeary, Henry George

James

McNeill, Robert James

* McPherson, James

Medina, Matthew Joseph Meffan, Norman Dunn

Mehal, Haq Nawaz Mehal, Wali Mahomed Meier, Hans Georg Melchior, Hans Otto Melrose, William

Mendes, Antonio José

Francisco Nogueira

Mendes, Francisco Xavier

de Noqueira

Mendonça, Marciano Fran-

cisco Machado de Menhinick, James

Cecil

Mercado, Luis

...

Merrick, Harvie Wardman..

Merry, Lawrence Gilbert ...

Meyer, Joseph George Michaelson, James Paul

Miles, William Walter....

Miller, Horace Morgan

Millett, Herbert Claude..]

Mills, Henry William Mills, Norman

Mills, William James Milne, George

Minderhoud, Willem

Ming. Sin-kwei

Minhinnett, John

Denniford

Minoot, Alfred

Minshall, Sydney Whinston

Minu, Abdul Karim

Asst. Distribution Superintendent,

H. K. & China Gas Co., Ld. Assistant, Canadian Pacific Steamships,

Ld.

Manager, South China American

Bank Note Co.

Assistant Engineer, China Light &

Power Co., Ld. Coppersmith, H. K. & Whampoa

Dock Co., Ld.

Clerk, H.K. Tramways, Ld. Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld. Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Clerk, Banque de l'Indo Chine Merchant, F. Feld & Co. Clerk, Carlowitz & Co. Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld.

Assistant, H.K. & Whampoa Dock Co..

Ld.

Clerk, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld........

97 Waterloo Road, Kowloon.

34 Kennedy Road.

Peninsula Hotel.

11 Kent Road, Kowloon Tong.

On premises.

68 Robinson Road.

Quarry Bay.

446 Nathan Rd., 2ud fl., Kowloon. 446 Nathan Road, Kowloon. Woodbrook, 2nd floor, Pokfulam. 1 Shouson Hill Road.

Quarry Bay.

On premises.

354 Prince Edward Rd., Kowloon.

Assistant, John D. Hutchison & Co....... 17 Soares Avenue, Homuntin.

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld.

Bookkeeper, Mayo's Shoppe

Acting District Manager, Confederation

Life Association (of Canada) Assistant, I. K. Canton & Macao S. S.

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Mackintosh's Ld. Assistant Mill.Superintendent, H.K.

Mines, Ld.

Butcher, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld.

Wharfinger, H.K. & Kowloon Wharf &

Godown Co., L‹d......................

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld.

North Point Installation. 24 Sai Yeung Choi Street,

Mongkoktsui.

On premises.

On premises.

225 Prince Edward Road, K'loon.

On premises.

82 Morrison Hill Road.

295 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co... Laichikok Installation. Caretaker, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld.

Assistant Manager, Peninsula Hotel.. Assistant Secretary, Dairy Farm, Ice &

Cold Storage Co., Ld.

Accountant, Nederlandsche Handel-

Maatschappij, N. V.

Junr. Engineer, China Light & Power

Co., Ld.

Inspector, Hong Kong & Yaumati

Ferry Co., Ld.

Accountant, Otis Elevator Co. Sworn Measurer, Sworn Measurers'

Office

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.

On premises. On premises.

Alandale, Pokfulam.

On premises.

795 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

Jubilee Pier.

134 Argyle Street, 2nd fl., Kowloon.

On premises.

314-6 Hennessy Road, 3rd floor.

49

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

M-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Minu, Abdul Rahim. Mitchell, Alan Stephen......

Mitchell, James George

Mitchell, Kenneth

Mo Kung-ting Mody, Felix Hurley Moehr, Kurt Karl

Robert

Mohammed, Abdul Gunni...

Moir, Archibald Black

Moiseyev, Andre

Makarovich

Mok Ching-um Mok Chow-tim

Mok, Henry

Mok Hing-cheong Mok Hing-kong Mok Kam-chan.

Mok Lot

Mok Man-yue.

Mok, William

Mok Yu-yan

Monaghan, Thomas

Christopher

Montalto, Diniz Alecto Montalto, Joseph Edward

Monteiro, Francisco

Xavier

Moodie, John

Moorjam, Lachmandas

Visumel

Moorjani, Govindram

Santdas

Moors, Henry Leonard

Moosa, Sheik

Moraes, John Sousa de... Morales, Luiz Gonzaga...... Morphew, Percy

Lawrence Morris, Walter James

Morrison, Robert

Morton, Howard Peter

Mose, Carlo

Motta, Antonio José da...... Motta, Victor José da..

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld................... Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.

Foreman, Taikoo Sugar Refining Co.,

Ld.

Assistant Manager, Hong Kong

Hotel

Assistant, China Factors Exchange Broker

Representative, China Export &

Import Bank Co.

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.

314-316 Hennessy Road.

11 Conduit Road.

10 Braemar Terrace, Quarry Bay.

On premises.

12 Prince's Terrace, Ground floor. 114 Electric Rd., 2nd floor, (right).

Repulse Bay Hotel.

19 Fung Fai Terrace, ground floor,

Kowloon.

Engine Works Manager, Taikoo Dock-

yard & Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld.. Quarry Bay.

Hairdresser, Andre's Beauty

Parlour

Compradore, Holt's Wharf Clerk, Deutsche Farben Handelsgesell-

schaft (Waibel & Co.)

Typist, Jardine, Matheson & Co.,

Ld.

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Clerk, Butterfield & Swire Storekeeper, David's Cafeteria Clerk, Butterfield & Swire Manager, David's Cafeteria Clerk, Butterfield & Swire.....

...

Catering Supt., Canadian Pacific S.S., Ld. Clerk, American President Lines Ld. Assistant, Andersen, Meyer & Co.,

Ld.

Godown Manager, A. G. Botelho &

Co.

Chartered Accountant, Lowe, Bingharn & Matthews

Salesman, Hassaram Gianchand......

Salesman, Britannia Silk Store........ Engineer, H.K. & Whampoa Dock Co.,

Ld.

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld..... Architect, J. S. Moraes Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.

Manager, Getz Bros & Co..... Overseer, H.K. Land Investment &

Agency Co., Ld.............

Boilermaker, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Assistant, China Light & Power Co.,

Ld.

Assistant, Lloyd Triestino

Principal, J. H. Gregory & Co. .... Assistant, J. H. Gregory & Co.......

28 Carnarvon Road, Kowloon. 33 Maple Street, Shamsuipo.

Lot 7385, near Grampian Road,

Kowloon.

129 Sai Yee St., Shamsuipo. On premises.

On premises.

On premises.

65 Electric Road.

On premises.

16 Village Road.

On premises.

54 The Peak.

74 Waterloo Road, Kowloon.

74 Waterloo Road, Kowloon.

22 Jordan Road, Kowloon.

Mody House, Kowloon.

On premises.

8 Ying Fai Terrace.

On premises.

411 Hennessy Road, 2nd floor. 31 Kai Tak Bund.

21 Kwong Ming Street, 3rd floor.

4 Tak Shing Terrace, Kowloon.

Innings Glen, 10 Babington Path.

On premises.

Block 2, Staff Quarters.

60 Nga Tsin Wai Road, Kowloon

City.

47c Robinson Road. 47c Robinson Road.

NAME IN FULL.

M-Continued.

50

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

Mow Fung, Frederick

Charles

Moy Mon

Mueller, Hans Herbert Mueller, Karl Mui Chak-sang

Muir, William Campbell

Muller, Otto

Munro, Donald

Manager, Luk Hoi Tong Co., Ld. Salesman, Jebsen & Co. Assistant, Carlowitz & Co. Assistant, Petersen & Co. Butcher, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co.. Ld.. Staff, Chase Bank

Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineering Co. of H.K. Ld.

Murphy, Edward Owen...... Accountant, H.K. & Shanghai Hotels,

*Murphy, John

Murray, Alexander

Dalrymple Stewart ..

Murray, Gilbert Ramsey

Murray, Ian Norman

Musabhoy, Abdul Husain Musker, Leslie

Muskett, William Herbert

Basil

Ld.

Wharfinger, H.K. Yaumati Ferry Co.,

Ld.

Manager, Imperial Airways (Far

East), Ld.

Electrical Engineer, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

Deputy Manager, China Light & Power

Co., Ld.

Accountant, N. Mohamedally Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refinery

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.

43 Hau Wong Road, Kowloon City. Nathan Hotel, Kowloon.

14 Hankow Road, Kowloon. 91 Waterloo Road, Kowloon. On premises.

90 Waterloo Road, Top fl., Kowloon. Queen's Building Flat,

The Tower.

On premises.

Peninsula Hotel.

Jordan Road, Kowloon.

Hillcrest, The Peak.

25 Kent Road, Kowloon Tong.

6 Rutland Quadrant, Kowloon Tong. 5a Dragon Terrace.

14 Braemar Terrace.

2 Somerset Road, Kowloon Tong.

N

Naess, Birgir

Nagaitzik, Walter Nam Sen-soo

Napoloff, Alexis...... Nazarin, Razee Needham, Charles Francis Neill, Francis John

Nelson, Douglas Berkeley.. Nelson, Kenneth Berkeley.. Nemazee, Mohamed Neves, Antonio Carlos Neves, George Alberto Neves, João Maria dos

Neves, Martin Vicente Newhouse, Geoffrey

Newlin, Joseph Elwood......

Neyle, Victor John

Ng, Alfred On Bong..

Ng Chan-kwan Ng Chan-wah..

Ng Chung-chew...

Clerk, Karsten Larssen & Co.,

(H. K.) Ld.

Clerk, Jebsen & Co. Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co.

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Accountant, Harry, Wicking & Co. Storekeeper, H.K. Telephone Co., Ld. Assistant Engineer, Green Island

Cement Co., Ld.................. Clerk, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews Clerk, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews Merchant, H. M. H. Nemazee Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Overseer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China..... Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Engineer, H.K. & Whampoa Dock Co.,

Ld.

Assistant Passenger Agent, American

President Lines, Ld.

Chief Engineer Instructor, Far East

Flying Training School, Ld..... Clerk, School of Accountancy &

Commerce

Chief Clerk, H.K. Telephone Co., Ld. ... Apprentice, Texas Co. (China), Ld. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld..

On premises.

10 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon. 76 Un Chau Street, 3rd floor,

Shamshuipo.

On premises.

453 Lockhart Road.

Towers, 20 Broadwood Road.

On premises.

31 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 34 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 12 Peak Road.

8 Glenealy.

H.E.C. Quarters, West Point.

14 Jordan Road, Kowloon. 25 Lock Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

Knutsford Hotel, Kowloon.

112 Boundary Road, Kowloon.

84 Canton Rd., 3rd floor, Kowloon. Telephone Building, Kowloon. 428 Lockhart Road.

On premises.

3

51

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

N-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Ng Chi-ching Ng Chi-mann

Ng Ching-kong

Ng Fook-man

Ng Frank

Ng Hang-on

Ng, Harvey

Ng Hock-ming

Ng Hong-hiin...... Ng Ip-hing

Ng Kam-man

Ng Kam-shau

Ng Kang-ching Ng Kim-chau. Ng Mann

Ng Pak-king

Ng Shou-mei

Ng Sze-yuk

Ng To-chiu

Ng Tse-tat

Ng Wa-man

Ng Wah

Ng Wai-keung

Ng Wai-man

Ng Wai-man, Philip

Ng Wai-yen

Ng Way-shew

Ng Wing-hong

Ng Wing-kee.

Ng Yam-hung Ng Yip-chung Ng Yip-kow

Ng Yip-shing

Ng Yuk-shang Ngan Fork

Nicholls, George Alfred

Nickson, Derek

Nielsen, Hans Egede

Nimmo, James

Ning, William

Nish, Hugh....

Noblet, Rene

Nodes, William Oliver

...

Merchant, Kwong Tat & Co. Clerk, Nestle & Anglo-Swiss Condensed

Milk Co.

Assistant, South British Insurance Co.,

Ld.

Cashier, Bodiker & Co.

Assistant, Swan, Culbertson & Fritz.. Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Sales Agent, National Cash

Register Co.

Clerk, J. Ruttonjee & Son Assistant, Chase Bank

Manager, World Pencil Co., Ld.

Clerk, Chau Yue Teng

Assistant, Union Insurance Society

of Canton, Ld.

Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co....... Managing Director, Far East Shipping

Co., Ld.

Assistant, South British Insurance Co.,

Ld.

Assistant, Deutsche Farben Handels-

gesellschaft (Waibel & Co.)

House Manager, Chi Min Entertainment

Ld.

Assistant, Chase Bank

1 Leong Fei Terrace, 2nd floor.

7 To Li Terrace, Kennedy Town.

On premises.

90 Argyle Street, 2nd fl., Kowloon. 43 Cochrane Street.

3 Old Bailey Street, 1st floor.

24 Fa Yuen Street, Mongkok. 355 Laichikok Road, 1st floor. 17 Landale Street.

32 Yick Yam Street, 2nd floor,

Happy Valley.

7 To Lee Terrace.

40 Elgin Street. 44 Russell Street. Ou premises.

84 Morrison Hill Road.

On premises.

19 Ngan Mok Street, Causeway Bay.

1 Mosque Street.

85 Lockhart Road, 1st floor.

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. On premises. Clerk, Eastman Kodak Co. Merchant,

Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld... 2nd Cashier, Java-China-Japan

Lijn, N. V. Broker, Payne & Co.

Clerk, American Express Co., Inc. Clerk, Oversea Chinese Banking

Corporation, Ld.

Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Assistant, China Provident Loan &

Mortgage Co., Ld....................

Assistant, Parlani Shipping Co. Clerk, St Francis Hotel Clerk, Deutsche Farben

Handelsgsellschaft (Waibel & Co.)... Clerk, Insurance Co. of N. America

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Assistant, Union Insurance Society

of Canton, Ld.

Charge Engineer, China Light & Power

Co., Ltd.

Manager, Hong Kong Hotel Agent, The East Asiatic Co., Ed. Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K. Ld. Sub-Accountant, S. E. Levy & i o. Sworn Measurer, Sworn Measurers'

Office

Assistant, Messageries Maritimes Undertaker, Brown, Jones & Co.

7 To Li Terrace, Kennedy Town,

1 Ning Yeung Terrace, Bonham

Road.

39 Bonham Road.

174 Hennessy Road. 7 To Li Terrace.

35 Shin On Street, Sai Wan Ho.

74 Wellington Street. 165 Electric Road.

18 Cheung On Street, 1st floor,

Kowloon City.

106 Sai Kung Road, 1st floor. On premises.

6 Liberty Avenue, Homuntin. 179 Hai Tai Street, 2nd floor,

Kowloon.

| On premises.

23 South Wall Road, Kowloon

City.

Block 1, Staff Quarters, Kowloon. On premises.

5 Abermor Court, May Road.

On premises.

17 Wing Hing Street, 3rd floor.

On premises.

128 Kennedy Road, Top floor. On premises.

NAME IN FULL.

52

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

N-Continued.

Noronha, Anthony Francis

Noronha, Augusto Antonio.

Noronha, Eduardo Antonio. Noronba, Guilberme

Antonio

Noronha, Henrique Antonio.

Noronha, José Eduardo...... Noronha, Ricardo Luiz

Duarte...

Norrie, Robert Brown

McCover

Norris, Edgar Charles

Nother, Herman Fritz Otto. Nunes, Carlos Francisco.. Nunes, Melchiades Tiago

O

Odell, Harry Oscar Oei Tjong Fiong Ogley, Wilfred Clarence O'Hoy, Sheow Len

O'Hoy, Suey Len

O'Kieffe, Donald

Olaes, Alberto Ambrosio

Olaes, Edward Cornelius

Olaes, Stephen

...

...

Oliveira, Marcus Antonio... Olivier, Gaston Henry

Olofinsky, Vsevolod....................

Olsson, Axel Fridolf Omar, Kassim Mahomed Omar, Osman Mohammed... Omar, Rumjahn Mahomed... Omar, Usuff Mohomed Ong Choo-kim

Onnes, Michiel Orchard, William Edwin Orr, William

Osborne, Alfred Richard

Osborne, Patrick William...

Osmund, Alberto José Osmund, Carlos Frederico... Osmund, Ernest Edgar

Assistant, Credit Foncier d'Extreme

Orient

Assistant, H.K. Canton & Macao

Steamboat Co., Ld.

Clerk, Green Island Cement Co., Ld......

Clerk, China Light & Power Co.,

Ld.

Clerk, National City Bank of New

York Contact-man, Swan, Culbertson & Fritz.

Foreman, H.K. Engineering &

Construction Co., Ld.............

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineering Co., Ld. Electrical Engineer, General Electric

Co. of China, Ld....... Manager, Maison F. Mathieu S.A. Clerk, H. K. Electric Co., Ld. Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.

Salesman, S. E. Levy & Co. Broker, Payne & Co. Assistant, Lane, Crawford, Ld. Assistant Compradore, American

President Lines Ld.

Compradore, American President Lines

Ld.

Banker, Chase Bank

Mercantile Assistant, Jardine, Matheson

$ Co., Ld.

Clerk, Jardine Engineering Corporation,

Ld.

Runner, China Provident Loan &

Mortgage Co., Ld.

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Assistant, Insurance Co. of North

America

Maitre d'Hotel, H.K. & Shanghai

Hotels, Ld.

Mine Shifter, H. K. Mines, Ld. Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Private Secretary, China Coast Traders. Assistant, Ellis & Edgar..

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Hotels, Ld. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Manager, Paper Co., Ld.

Assistant, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld. Timekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld. Attendant, Central Showroom, H.K. &

China Gas Co., Ld.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co....... Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co....... Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co.,

Ld.

Osmund, Leonel Filomeno... Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank. Osmund, Luiz Augusto......Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.....

27 Ashley Road, Kowloon.

49 Kimberley Road, Kowloon. 49 Kimberley Road, Kowloon.

20 Hillwood Road, Kowloon.

20 Hillwood Road, Kowloon. 5 Victory Avenue, Homuntin.

311 Nathan Road, 1st fl., Kowloon.

On premises.

On premises.

49A Peking Road, Kowloon. 2 Granville Road, Kowloon. 572 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

9 Ho Mun Tin Hill, Homuntin. 31b Peking Building, Kowloon. 22 Pilkem Street, Kowloon.

2 Ching Fung Street, 2nd floor.

8 Tin Hou Temple Road, 3rd floor,

Causeway Bay.

26 Conduit Road.

14 Tung Cheong Building, Kowloon.

21 Mosque Junction.

5b Chancery Lane, 1st floor.

7 Torres Building, Kowloon,

Chatham Annexe Hotel, Kowloon.

On premises.

On premises.

355 Hennessy Road, 2nd floor. 3 Hysan Avenue, Top floor. 376 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor. 207 Wanchai Road, Ground floor.

On premises. Hong Kong Hotel. Gloucester Hotel. 10 Abermor Court.

Quarry Bay.

13 Stafford Road, Kowloon Tong. 8 Jordan Road, Kowloon. 10 Tung Cheong Building, Kowloon.

1 Liberty Avenue, Homuntin.

29 Jordan Road, Kowloon.

109 Waterloo Road, Kowloon.

53

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

●—Continued.

ADDRESS.

O'Sullivan, John..

Oswald, William Robert

Overy, Hubert

Owens, Robert Andrew.....

Owens, William Waugh

Ozorio, Antonio de Padua... Ozorio, Edmundo Arthur

Ozorio, Fausto Maria......

Ozorio, Gussy Maria Ozorio, José de Graça

Assistant, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld..... Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld. Manager, Wm. Powell, Ld. Electrical Engineer, H. K. Electric

Co., Ld.

Engineer, China Light & Power Co.,

Lil.

Typist, Texas Co., (China) Ld.. Clerk, Chartered Bank of India

Australia & China

Assistant Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld.

Clerk, H.K. Tramways, Ld.

Assistant, H.K. & Whampoa Dock Co.,

Ld.

Ozorio, Leopoldo Augusto... Clerk, Nederlandsch Indische

Handelsbank, N.V.

Ozorio, Manuel Heliodoro Accountant, H. K. & Whampoa

Ozorio, Stephen

Lawrence

Dock Co., Ld.

Typist, Texas Co. (China), Ld.

12 Seymour Terrace.

Quarry Bay,

3 Minden Avenue, Kowloon.

H. E. C. Quarters, Causeway

Hill.

169 Boundary Street. Tsun Wan.

81 Parkes St., Kowloon.

On premises.

10 Tung Cheong Building, Kowloon.

On premises.

St. Joseph's Building, Block A,

1st floor.

On premises.

236 Tung Choi St., Mongkoktsui.

P

Palmer, Alfred James

Palmer, George Thomas Palvie, Arthur Pan Quin, Willie Pan Sha-feng.......

Pang Dick-noe Pang Kok-sui. Pang Pun-sang

Pang Wai-kamn Pang Yuk-chuen

Pao-Woo, Wei

Papp, Julius

Park, George McKechnie...

Park,

William

Parker, Robert Geoffrey Parks, Philip Barron...

Parlani, Federico

Partier, Henry Vincent. Pasco, Boris

Passos, Eduardo

Francisco

Assistant, Union Insurance Society

of Canton, Ld.

Assistant, Reiss Bradley & Co., Ld. Assistant, Gilman & Co., Ld. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld.. Clerk, Imperial Chemical Industries

(China), Ld.

Draughtsman, Davies Brook & Gran. Ship Broker, George Grimble & Co. Assistant, South British Insurance Co.,

Ld.

Cierk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Assistant, Union Insurance Society

of Canton, Ld.

National Carbon Co. Fed. Inc.

U. S. A.

Engineer, Kunst & Albers

Chief Engineer, Asistic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld

Sub-Accountant, Chartered Bank of

India, Australia & China Architect, Leigh & Orange.... Metallurgist, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Merchant, Parlani Shipping Co. Engineer, Chien Hsin Engineering Co.... Bookseller, Harris Book Shop

Assistant, Nederlandsche Handel.

Maatschappij, N. V.

Paterson, George Wright Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineer-

22 Macdonnell Road.

3 Homuntin Street, Homuntin. On premises.

On premises.

On premises.

47 Belchers Street, 1st floor. On premises.

On premises. On premises.

11 Old Bailey Street.

81 Robinson Road.

159 Takshing St., Kowloon.

On premises.

7 Tregunter Mansions. On premises.

On premises.

Arlington Hotel, Kowloon.

4 Hillwood Road, 1st fl., Kowloon. 1 East Point Terrace, Causeway

Bay.

On premises.

ing Co., Ld.

On premises.

54

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

P-Continued.

Paterson, Thomas Garner Paton, Thomas Dickie

Pattara, Sotirios Pantazi .

Pattinson, Frederick

Kingsley.......

Pau Hin

Pau Man-lok

Paul, Alfred Frank.

Paul, Donald Keith

Paulino, Honorato Pavri, Pheroz Kawasji Pavri, Rustom Khurshedji Payne, George Richard...... Pearce, Roland Maurice..

Pearce, Thomas Alexander.. Pearne. George Henry

Tardue

Pearne, John Reginald

Anthony

Pearson, Alfred Edward......

Pearson, George William

Pearson John,

MacCallum

Pedersen, Kai Westergaard.

Pendergast, William John...

Penn, Yuek Wing

Peoples, David

Pereira, Carlos Eduardo

Roza

Consulting Engineer, Anderson & Ashe. 196 The Peak. Butcher, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld................

Assistant Cafe Manager, Lane, Craw-

ford, Ld........

Assist. Manager, Taikoo Dockyard and

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld. Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Clerk, Lane, Crawford, Ld. Electrical Engineer, H.K. Electric Co.,

Ld.

Assistant, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld.

8 Aimai Villas, Kowloon.

6в Hankow Road, Kowloon.

Quarry Bay. On premises.

2 Ladder Terrace.

H.E.C. Quarters, 1 Causeway Hill.

25 Hillwood Road, Top floor,

Kowloon.

Cashier, L. R. Nielson & Co., Ld..... 2 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon. K. S. Pavri & Sons

Merchant, K. S. Pavri & Sons Managing Partner, Payne & Co. Manager, Organic Fertilizer Co.,

Ld.

Assistant, Layton & Co..

Manager, Victoria Radio Shoppe

Manager, Purity Drinking Water Co. ...

Draughtsman, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Clerk, United Press Association

of America

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld.

Assistant, Sander, Wieler & Co.

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld.

Assistant, Canadian Pacific Steam-

ships, Ld.

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld.

Clerk, National City Bank of New York. Pereira, Carlos José Maria... Assistant, Caldbeck, MacGregor & Co.,

Pereira, Cornelio Charles

Pereira, Fernando Pedro Pereira, João Patricio Pereira, João Victor

Pereira, Joseph Anthony Pereira, Thomas Maria .......

Peres, Luiz Antonio

Pestonji, Rustom Peters, William Henry

Petersen, Fritz Petersen, Valdemar

Ienes Godfrey

Petherick, Vivian

Ld.

Assistant Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld.

Clerk, American President Lines, Ld. Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld.... Clerk, National City Bank of New York

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.

Share Broker, Benjamin & Potts Secretary to Oriental Manager, Canadian

Pacific S.S., Ld............. Partner, Petersen & Co.

Manager, Insurance Co. of N.

America

Wharfinger, H.K. & Kowloon Wharf

& Godown Co., Ld.

32 Wyndham Street.

32 Wyudham Street. 14 Tai Hang Road.

128 Kennedy Road, 2nd floor. 299 The Peak.

276 Prince Edward Rd., Kowloon.

106 Waterloo Road, Ground floor,

Kowloon.

On premises.

12 Jordan Road, 3rd floor,

Kowloon.

On premises.

4B King's Park Mansions, 23 Austin Avenue, Kowloon.

Quarry Bay.

30 Yat Tock Road.

Quarry Bay.

8 Tung Cheong Building, K'loon.

2 Rednaxella Terrace,

On premises.

41 Ashley Road, Kowloon. 18 Robinson Road.

On premises.

3 Carnarvon Road, Kowloon. 3 Saifee Terrace, Nathan Road, Ground floor, Kowloon.

165 Sai Yeung Choi Street,

Mongkoktsui.

8 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

358 Prince Edward Rd., Kowloon. On premises.

Repulse Bay Hotel.

5 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

..

NAME IN FULL.

55

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

P-Continued.

*Petrie, Richard

Pfister, Charles Philippens, Adolphe Marie

Ghislain

Phoon Chan-hoi............... Phoon, George Ming-

sing

Phoon, Hyim

Pigott, Richard Stephen

Pilgrim, Clifford Gran

Ping Chung Poon, Henry... Pinks, Rudolf

Pinna, Alberto Ruy de ...... Pinna, Carlos Luis Petronilo

Pinna, Henrique Roldão de Pinna, José Mathias

....

Pinna, Luiz Gonzaga

Pinna, Mario Francisco de...

Pinto, João Vicente Mariano Paulo Piry, George

Pogodin, Peter Eugene..:

*Pollock, Archibald..

Pollock, Samuel James......

Polson, Peter

Pomeroy, Henry William... Pomeroy, John Bernard

Pong Chiu-chun

Pong King-cheong....

Poon, Colin................

Poon Kei-yeung

Poon King-wong Poon Kwan-wui

Poon Kwong ho. Poon, Ruby..... Poon Wing-fook

Potouloff, Sviatoslav

Nicolas

Potter, Alan Stanley

Potter, John Edward Potts, Jack Yuan

Hutton

Potts, Patrick Cumming. Powell, Christopher John

Chief Accountant, Kunst & Albers Pastry Chef, Peninsula Hotel

Agent, Manufacturers Life Insurance Co. Clerk, Insurance Co. of North America...

Principal, School of Accountantcy &

Commerce

Chinese Manager, Insurance Co. of

North America Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld.

Representative, Parke, Davis & Co.,

c/o. Andersen, Meyer & Co........ Clerk, H.K. Jockey Club Stables Assistant, Deutsche Farben

Handelgesellschaft

Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld. Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China

Secretary, Far East Aviation Co., Ld. Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld.

Accountant, H.K. Brewery & Distillery,

Ld.

Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld. Assistant Store-keeper, Far East

Oxygen & Acetylene Co., L. Underwriter, Manufacturers Life

Insurance Co.

Assistant Manager, Advertising &

Publicity Bureau, Ld. Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld. Assistant, Asiatic. Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld.

Accountant, Far East Motors... Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co.,

Ld.

Banker, National Commercial &

Savings Bank, Ld.

Kowloon Showroom Attendant, H.K. &

China Gas Co., Ld.

Assistant, Compradore, Ed. A. Keller &

Co., Lư.

Assistant, H.K. Land Investment &

Agency Co., Li....... Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld. Clerk, Paramount Films of China

Inc. H. K.

...

Clerk, Banque de L'Indo Chine Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co................. Driver-in-charge, Garage Dept.,

H. K. & Shanghai Hotels, Ld.....

Manager, Repulse Bay "Lido" Representative, Red Hand Compositions

Co.

Architect, Leigh & Orange

Sharebroker, Benjamin & Potts. Principal, Benjamin & Potts. Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld.

Peninsula Hotel. On premises.

Peninsula Hotel. 185 Peiho Street, 1st fl., Kowloon.

33 Hankow Road, Kowloon.

68 Queen's Road Cent., 2nd floor.

North Point Installation.

283 Prince Edward Rd., Kowloon. 24 Village Road.

Gloucester Building, Room 712. 25 Kimberley Rd., 3rd fl., Kowloon.

29 Jordan Road, Kowloon. 25 Kimberley Road, Kowloon.

375 Nathan Rd., Top fl., Kowloon.

On premises.

72 Waterloo Rd., 1st fl., Kowloon.

3A Ashley Road, Kowloon.

336 Ma Tau Wai Rd., Ground fl.

16 Robinson Road.

4 Minden Avenue, Kowloon.

On premises.

On, premises.

79 Wongneichong Road.

224 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon.

52 Caine Road, 2nd floor.

475 Nathan Road, 1st fl., Kowloon.

117 Leighton Hill Road.

264 Chatham Road, Kowloon.

Li Kwan Avenue.

356 Lockhart Road.

5A Ying Fai Terrace, Ground floor. On premises.

100 Thompson Road.

Repulse Bay Hotel.

2 Bisney Villas, Victoria Road. On premises.

High House, Mount Davis. Kantsin, Fanling.

On premises.

· 56

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

P-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Power, John Charles...... Pragnell, Charles Frederick

Prata, Fernando Augusto...

Prata, Frederico....

Prata, Mario Americo Pratt, Cecil

Price, Eliezer Richard

Price, Eric Guard Priest, William James Proulx, Benjamin Charles

Provan, James Doig

Pun Kwong-kuen

Pun Kwong-yin

Pun Siu-ting

Pun Tat-ming

Pun Yau-hung

Pun Yun-hoi

Merchant, H.K. Motor Accessory Co. Representative, Confederation Life

Association (of Canada) Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Electrician, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Lả.

Receiving Clerk, Peninsula Hotel Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Assistant Secretary, Chamber of

Commerce

...

27 Kimberley Road, Kowloon.

210 Tung Choi St., Mongkoktsui. 2 Lochiel Terrace, Cameron Road,

Kowloon.

On premises.

26 Cameron Road, Kowloon. On premises.

14 Kennedy Terrace, 3rd floor. On premises.

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Mercantile Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld. 4 Fort Street. · Contactman, Swan, Culbertson &

Fritz.

Engineer, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Sugar House Foreman, Taikoo Sugar

Refining Co., Ld...............

Clerk, Underwriters Savings Bank for

the Far East, Inc.

Clerk, H. K. Meat & Dairy

Produce Co.

Cashier, S. J. David & Co.. Merchaut, Lee Yu Kee

Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld.

Erinville, Tytam, Island Road.

On premises.

812 King's Road.

51 South Wall Road, 1st floor,

Kowloon City.

6 Shepherd Street, Tai Hang.

8 Haven Street, 1st floor.

On premises.

115 Sai Yee Street, 2nd floor,

Mongkoktsui.

Quan Shu, John............. Quin, Alfred Elliott

Quinlan, Robert

Bartholomew

Quinn, Alfred Maria Quon, Lyman

Assistant, Bank of Canton, Ld. Merchant, C. H. Rolfe

Wharfinger, Taikoo Sugar Refining

Co., Ld.

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ed.. Assistant, Canadian Pacific Steamships,

Ld.

On premises.

169 Boundary Street, 'Top floor,

Kowloon.

816 King's Road.

15A Granville Road, Kowloon.

313 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon.

R

Rae, William Wallace Rahumed, Abdul Kadir.. Railton, Norman Leslie

Howard

Rakusen, Manassah Nat Ralph, Leslie Philip

Ram, Kache Ramjahn, Jahn Mahomed

Adul

Ramos, Adolpho dos. Ramsay, Alfred William

Leonard Ramsay, Thomas Ramsey, William Lysaught.

Banker, H. K. & Shanghai Bank Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld. Manager. Philco Radio Distributors Assistant, Union Insurance Society

of Canton, Ld.

Clerk, Chase Bank

Assistant Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld

Clerk, Lepack & Co.

Secretary, Steam Laundry Co. Manager, Williamson & Co. Representative, Confederation Life

Association (of Canada)

10 The Peak.

336 Lockhart Road.

20 Peak Road. 4 Village Road.

On premises.

19 Ching Fung St., Ground floor.

On premises.

298 Lockhart Road.

141 Waterloo Road, Kowloon. Peninsula Hotel.

141 Waterloo Road, Kowloon.

NAME IN FULL.

57

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

R-Continued.

Randall, Benjamin Cutler ... Randall, Harold Victor Cross Randall, Herbert Wells...... Randle, Joseph Arthur

Bryant......

Randolph, Peter Raptis, Andrew John Rathour, Hakim Singh

Rathsam, Charles Edward...

Raven, Arthur Robert

Fenton

Share-broker, Benjamin & Potts

167 Boundary Street, Kowloon.

Engineer, China Light & Power Co., Ld. 474 Nathan Road, Kowloon. Assistant, Lane, Crawford, Ld.

......

Engineer, W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld. Clerk, W. Powell & Co. Proprietor, British Bicycle Co. Proprietor, H. S. Rathour & Co...... Mercantile Assistant, John Manners &

Co., Ld.

Architect

Ray, Edward Henry....... Retired Raymond, Allan

Willoughby

Razack, Abdul Rahman..

Razack, Ahmed Abdul

Razack, Ismail Moosa

Abdul

Razack, Mohammed Izbaq.. Razack, Mohammed Usaf... Razack, Yusoph Abdool.. Razavet, George Raymond.

Read, Alfred Leonard

Sydney

Reason, Harry Reed, Francis Oswald

* Reed, George Turnbull ..............

Reeves, James William......

Rehman, Abdul

Rehman, Slam Abdul Reierssen, Ragnvald Remedios, Alberto Luiz

Vieira

Remedios, Alberto Maria

Octavio

Remedios, Alfredo

Frederico dos .... Remedios, Alvaro Antonio

de Souza ....

Remedios, Antonio

Vandenberg

Remedios, Arthur Reginaldo Remedios, Augusto

Antonio dos Remedios, Augusto Mario... Remedios, Carlos Antonio

Ribeiro

Remedios, Carlos Augusto

dos

Remedios, Carlos Francisco

dos

Remedios, Carlos Henrique

Vieira

Broker, Payne & Co.

Assistant, Union Insurance Society

of Canton, Ld. Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China

Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China. Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Assistant, Gilman & Co., Ld.. Clerk, Kin Tye Lung Passenger Agent, Canadian Pacific

Steamships, Ld.

Assistant, Davie, Boag & Co., Ld. Burner, Green Island Cement Co., Ld.. Assistant, H.K. Land Investment &

Agency Co., Ld.

Superintendent Engineer, Furness,

(Far East), Ld.

Meter Inspector, H.K. & China Gas

Co., Ld.

Clerk, C. M. Karanjia & Co.

Merchant, Rehman's Ship Assistant, Wallem & Co.

1 Prospect Place, Bonham Road.

160 Austin Road, Kowloon. 10 Middle Road, Kowloon. 16 Hennessy Road. On premises.

11 Liberty Avenue, Homuntin.

2 North Point Bungalow, Shaukiwan Road.

6 Macdonnell Road.

Dina House, Duddell Street.

456 King's Road.

2 Fort Street.

2 Fort Street,

H.E.C. Quarters, 20 Ming Yuen. On premises.

22 Caroline Road.

1 Chatham Path.

16 Somerset Road, Kowloon Tong. Hok Un Works, Kowloon.

8 Broadwood Road.

Y.M.C.A., Kowloon.

9 Hok Sze Terrace, 1st floor.

14 Wing Wah Lane,

.

D'Aguilar Street.

61 Parkes Street, Top floor. 6 Duke Street, Mongkoktsui.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld...] 68 Robinson Road.

Clerk, Alex Ross Motor Co.

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Bookkeeper, Ye Olde Printerie, Ld......

Assistant, Pure Cane Molasses Co.

(H.K.), Ld............................

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

800 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

13 Tung Cheong Building, K'loon.

41 Waterloo Road, Kowloon.

13 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon. 34 Fort Street, 2nd floor.

Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.. 2a Hillwood Road, Kowloon.

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Assistant, General Electric Co. of China,

Ld.

Cashier, General Electric Co. of China

Ld.

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

6 Humphreys Avenue, Kowloon.

43 Tai Street, 1st floor, Kowloon

City.

300 Nathan Road, 2nd floor.

Kowloon,

72 Waterloo Road, Kowloou.

8 Mosque Junction,

58

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

R-Continued.

Remedios, Edmundo Alberto

ADDRESS.

dos

Remedios, Eduardo Manuel

dos

Remedios, Edward Albert

Vincent

Remedios, Evaristo

Euzebio dos

Remedios, Fernando José

dos

Remedios, Francisco Xavier

d'Almada.............

Remedios, Gustavo

Vandenberg

Accountant, Kelly & Walsh, Ld.

Assistant, H.K. & Whampoa Dock Co.,

Ld.

Rec. Clerk, Repulse Bay Hotel

Assistant, Karsten Larssen & Co.,

(H. K.) Ld.

Accountant, David Sassoon & Co., Ld...

Accountant, General Electric Co. of

China, Ld.

Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China

Remedios, Hector Cesar dos. Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Remedios, Helder Augusto

Ribeiro

Remedios, Hugo Marcus

dos

Australia & China

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.......

Assistant, James H. Backhouse, Ld....... Remedios, Jaime Daniel. Clerk, Nederlandsch Indische

Handelsbank

Remedios, Jorge Augusto... Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Remedios, Jorge Maria

Ozorio dos

Chief Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India,

Ld.

Remedios, José Antonio dos. Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Remedios, José Julita

* Remedios, Leonardo Maria. Remedios, Leonardo Maria

dos

Remedios, Luiz Atanasio

dos

Remedios, Luiz Antonio

Ribeiro

Remedios, Luiz Gonzaga Remedios, Mario dos Remedios, Oscar Pedro dos. Revie, John

Rew, Tommy Jame

Reyes, Amado Cueras Ribeiro, Angelo Cecilio

Vieira ..... Ribeiro, Antão Emmanuel... Ribeiro, Augusto Illidio Ribeiro, Carlos Alberto de Ribeiro, Carlos de Monte

...

Carmelo Vieira, Jr......

Canton, Ld....

Assistant Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld.

Stenographer, Conuell Bros. Co., Ld......|

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld........

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co....... Mill Supervisor, H.K. Mines, Ld. Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld. Assistant, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Bookkeeper, Utoomal & Assudamal

& Co.

On premises.

On premises.

On premises.

2 Peace Avenue, Homuntin.

29 Granville Road, Kowloon.

1 Liberty Avenue, Homuntin.

13 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon.

11 Hart Avenue, Kowloon.

23 Tai Street, 1st floor.

3 King's Terrace, Kowloon.

14 Tung Cheong Building,

Kowloon.

568 Nathan Road, 1st fl., Kowloon.

10 Jordan Rd., Top floor, Kowloor.

14 Tung Cheong Building, Top fl.,

Kowloon.

On premises.

571 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

16 Granville Road, Kowloon.

356 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon.

9 Nanking Street, 3rd floor,

Yaumati.

112 Argyle Street, Kowloon. On premises.

9 Austin Avenue, Kowloon.

On premises.

136 Wanchai Road.

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld.. On premises.

Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld. Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co..... Overseer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld........ Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld..

Mercantile Assistant, Jardine, Matheson

& Co., Lư.

39 Hankow Road, Kowloon. 31 Hillwood Road, Kowloon. H.E.C. Quarters, Seymour Road. 16 Mau Lam Street, Yaumati.

1 Saifee Terrace, Kowloon,

*

- 59

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

R-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Ribeiro, Daniel

Ribeiro, Eduardo Augusto...

Ribeiro, Fernando Alfredo

Vieira

Ribeiro, Francisco Xavier

Vieira

Ribeiro, Gilberto Henrique

Vieira

Ribeiro, Henrique Augusto Ribeiro, Henrique Augusto

Vieira

Ribeiro, João Francisco

Vieira

Ribeiro, Jorge Alberto

Vieira Jr..........

Ribeiro, Julio Carmo Vieira, Jr.

Ribeiro, Lucio Maria

Vieira

Ribeiro, Luiz Antonio

Vieira

Ribeiro, Luiz Felipe Vieira Ribeiro, Luiz Gonzaga

Vieira

Ribeiro, Oscar Francisco, Jr. Ribeiro, Richard Maria,

Vieira

Ribeiro, Vicente Rogerio

Vieira

Richardson, William

Brian

Richmond, John Fletcher... Richter, Hans..........

Clerk, II.K. Electric Co., Ld.............

Assistant, British-American Tobacco

Co., (China) Ld....

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.

Gen. Accountant, Texas Co. (China),

Ld.

Assistant Engineer, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

Clerk, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld.

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.

Mercantile Assistant, Maxim & Co.

Assistant, Maxim & Co.

Assistant, Maxim & Co.

35 Hankow Road, 3rd floor,

Kowloon.

237 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

12 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon.

2 Carnarvon Road, Kowloon.

32 Hillwood Road, Kowloon. 20 Granville Road, Kowloon.

237 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

11 Hillwood Road, Kowloon.

13 Ashley Road, Kowloon.

1 Minden Avenue, Kowloon.

Assistant, Mercantile Bank of India; Ld. 171 Fa Yuen St., Mongkoktsui.

Merchant, Economical Trading Co. Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Clerk, Lane, Crawford, Ld.

Clerk, H. K. Electric Co. Ld.

Assistant, Uuion Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.

Sub-Accountant, Chartered Bank of

India Australia & China... Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co...... Mercantile Assistant, P. J. Klink

Rickett, Cedric Arthur Lacy Stockbroker

Ritchie, David

Robarts, Roberto Maria......

Robb, David Scott...

Roberts, Archibald Hynes... Roberts, John Herber Roberts, Malcolm Lindsey.

Roberts, William John

Drummond

Robertson, John.....

Robertson, William

Robertson, William Gordon.

Robinson, Frank John Robinson, Jack Fraser Robinson, John Lancaster... Robson, Thomas Edward

Installation Manager, Asiatic

Petroleum Co., (S. C.) Ld. Clerical Assistant, Jardine Engineering

Corporation, Ld......... Accountant, Lowe, Bingham &

Matthews

Manager, The Standard Press, Ld. Manager, British Cigarette Co., Ld. Assistant Mine Superintendent, H.K.

Mines, Ld.

Assistaut, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld.

Assistant, H.K. & Kowloon Wharf &

Godown Co., Ld...............................

Accountant, American Express Co., Inc. Director, Pure Cane Molasses Co.

(H.K.), Ld.................

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Proprietor, J. L. Robinson & Co. Engineer Superintendent, Furness (Far

East), Ld.

6 Jordan Road, 2nd floor, Kowloon.

2 Carnarvon Road, Kowloon.

16 Carnarvon Road, Kowloon. 7 Hillwood Road, Kowloon.

1 Gordon Terrace, Hanoi Rd.,

Kowloon.

126 Lockbart Road, 2nd floor.

Empress Lodge, Kowloon. 114 The Peak.

7 Soares Avenue, Homuntin. French Bank Building, Flat 74,

Top floor.

Taikoktsui Installation.

21 Jordan Road, Kowloon.

6 Tregunter Mansions. 96 Robinson Road, 10 Hillcrest, The Peak.

On premises.

On premises.

Kingsville Hotel, Kowloon. 13 Chatham Road, Kowloon.

173 The Peak.

On premises.

On premises.

Harbour View Hotel.

106 Waterloo Road, Kowloon.

.

60

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

R-Continued.

Rocha, Alvaro Lisola ..... Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.

Assistant, Wallace Harper & Co., Ld.

Rocha, Antonio João Lizola

Rocha, Claudio Lisola

Rocha, Edward Lizola Rocha, Epiphanio Maria da

Rocha, Francisco Paula...

Rocha, José Estevão

Rocha, José Gabriel Rocha, Louis Lizola

Rocha, Luiz Antonio da Rocha, Mario Lizola.

Rocha, Ruy Marcos da Rocke, Lucien Loring Rockholtz, Georg Otto

Rodger, George Sinclair.. Rodrigues, Alberto Antonio

Maria

Rodrigues, Antonio Joseph

Rodrigues, Carlos Henrique.

Rodrigues, Francisco

Tomé

Rodrigues, Frederico João

Maria

Roehreke, Albrecht Roger, Hugh Wood Rome, Louis de Roper, William John

Rosario, Luiz Alberto Rosario, Luiz Gonzaga

Rosario, Pedro Manuel

Francisco....

Ross, John Kennedy Ross, Robert Russell

Rosselet, Charles Simon..... Rossum, Rudolf Van

Rothe, Hans Joachim

Rouban, Michael John Rouffaer, Humphrey

Edward

Roukens, Dirk

Roxburgh, Robert

Richmond

Mercantile Asst., Jardine, Matheson &

Co., Ld.

Salesman, Wallace, Harper & Co., Ld. Assistant, China Provident Loan &

Mortgage Co., L‹...................... Clerk, British American Tobacco

Co., (China) Ld.

Clerk, British-American Tobacco Co.,

Ld.

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Bookkeeper, United States Rubber

Export Co., Ld.

Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld. Storekeeper, H.K. Brewery & Distillery,

Ld.

167 Sai Yeung Choi Street, Mongkoktsui.

97 Tai Po Road, ground floor,

Kowloon,

5B Chancery Lane, 1st floor. 183 Sai Yee Street, Mongkoktsui.

222 Wanchai Road.

27 Granville Road, Kowloon.

27 Granville Road, Kowloon. 4 Prince's Terrace, Top floor.

1 Saifee Terrace, Top floor,

Nathan Road, Kowloon. 215 Prince Edward Rd., Kowloon,

8 King's Terrace, Top fl., K'loon. 215 Prince Edward Rd., Kowloon.

Merchant, J. M. da Rocha & Co. Attorney, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co... 191 The Peak. Marketing Assistant, Texas Co.

(China), Ld.

Stock Supt., H. K. Tramways, Ld....

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld..............

Assistant Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld.

Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China

Salesman, Lane, Crawford, Ld.

Clerk, Nederlandsch Indische

Handelsbank, N.V.

Clerk, Carlowitz & Co. Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Engineer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Wireless Superintendent, Butterfield

& Swire

Assistant, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld... Claims Clerk, American President

Lines, Ld.

Assistant Engineer, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

Merchant, Alex. Ross Motor Co. Assistant, Union Insurance Society

of Canton, Ld.

Manager, General Amusements, Ld. Secretary, Netherlands Harbour

Works Co.

Merchant, Dentsche Farben Handelsge-

sellschaft (Waibel & Co.)............. Book-seller, Kelly & Walsh, Ld.

Assistant Manager, Java-China-Japan

Line.....

Accountant, Nederlandsch Indische

Handelsbank

Manager, John I. Thornycroft

& Co., Ld.

177 The Peak. On premises.

1 St. Joseph's Terrace, 1st floor.

On premises.

St. Joseph's Villa.

25 Mosque Junction.

St. Joseph's Villa.

1 Shouson Hill Road. On premises.

H.E.C. Quarters, 7 North Point.

On premises.

27 Jordan Road, Kowloon.

16 Victory Avenue, Homuntin.

12 Austin Avenue, Kowloon. 54 The Peak.

Dina House.

24 Broadwood Road.

$ Homuntin Hill Road, Homuntin.

2 Carnavon Road, Kowloon. Un premises,

4 Conduit Road.

Gloucester Hotel.

512 The Peak.

1

61

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

R-Continued.

Roza, Alvaro Antonio da ... Attorney, A. A. R. Botelho Roza, Carlos Vicente Ferrer

da....

Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China

Roza, Cesar Augusto da ... Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld. Roza, Crispiniano

Ignacio da

Roza, Edward Albert da

...

Roza, Henrique Arnaldo da. Roza, José Francisco da.

Roza, Julio Henrique da

Roza, Leandro Maria..... Roza, Louis Augusto da. Roza, Luiz Alvaro da Roza-Pereira, Francisco

Maria

Roza, Pereira Leonel Maria. Rozario, Antonio Joseph Rozario, Arthur Cornelio Rozario, Carlos Francisco do.

Rozario, Daniel

7 Liberty Avenue, Kowloon,

5 Homuntin Street, Homuntin. 39 Caine Road.

Mercantile Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld. 18 Jordan Road, Kowloon, Bookkeeper, E. D. Sassoon Banking

Co., Ld.

Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld. Clerk, Chartered Bank of India

Australia & China Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Accountant, Malcolm & Co., Ld... Clerk, H. K. & Shanghai Bank

Assistant, P. J. Klink

Assistant, Far East Aviation Co. Ld. Clerk, Linotype & Machinery, Ld. Clerk, National City Bank of New York.. Clerk, China Provident Loan &

Mortgage Co, Ld....

Assistant, H. K. & Canton

Export Co., Ld.

Rozario, Emerico Isidoro do. Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Rozario, Heliodoro

Francisco

Rozario, José Maria

Rozario, Henrique Alberto. Rozario, Luiz Gonzaga

Rozario, Sergio Flaviano. Ruecker, Hans

Rull, Marcelino Joseph

Rumianzelf, Vladimir

Dinitrievitch Rumjahn, Abdul Mannan Rumjahn, Abdul Mannub Rumjahn, Omar

Rumjahn, Sheik Mohamed.. Rumjahn, Sirdar Ahmet..

Rush, James Patrick.

Russell, John

Rutherford, Robert...

Ruttonjee, Dhun Jehangir Ryan, Lionel Ernest

Norwood

10 Somerset Road, Kowloon Tong. 39 Caine Road.

39, Caine Road.

558 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

39 Caine Road.

10 Somerset Rd., Kowloon Tong. 800 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

8 Tung Cheong Building,

Kowloon.

8 Tung Cheong Building, K'loon. 15 Gap Road, Top floor.

38 Hankow Road, Kowloon.

35 Granville Road, Kowloon.

St. Joseph's College Building,

Block C.

68 Parkes Street, Yaumati.

Office Assistant, H. K. Jockey Club...... 17 Ashley Road, Kowloon. Assistant, China Provident Loan &

Mortgage Co., Ld.

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Clerk, Nederlandsch Indische Handels-

bank, N.V.

Clerk, H. K. & Shanghai Bank Merchant, Globe Trading Co.

Assistant Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld.

Engineer, Malcolmn & Co., Ld. Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Clerk, Manufacturers Life Insurance Co. Stenographer, American Express

Co. Inc.

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld....... Assistant Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld.

Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refining Co., Ld. Engineer, C. E. Warren & Co., Ld. Assistant, Butterfield & Swire

Merchaut, J. Ruttonjee & Son

Agent, Canadian Pacific S.S., Ld.........................

35 Granville Road, Kowloon. 35 Granville Road, Kowloon.

35 Granville Road, Kowloon. 12 Austin Avenue, Kowloon. On premises.

On premises.

130 Austin Road, Kowloon. 355 Hennessy Road, 3rd floor. 355 Hennessy Road.

14 Seen Keen Terrace. H.E.C. Quarters, 17 Ming Yuen.

On premises.

8 Braemar Terrace, Quarry Bay. Cathay Hotel.

On premises. 3/9 Duddell Street.

Hong Kong Club,

S

Sabhan, Mohammed Sabnani, Khubchand

Hassaram

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.

Assistant Manager, Hassaram

Gianchand

453 Hennessy Road, 3rd floor.

On premises.

.

62

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

S-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Sadick. Omar Rumju..

Sadick, Osman

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld..................................

Acting Manager, Metropolitan Land

Co., Ld.

Sahmet, Ernest Manuel..... Clerk, H.K. Engineering & Construction

Sai Yick-chan

Sakhrami Mohan

Detaram

Sala, Robert Perez de la Sales, Reinaldo Camillo

Maria.....

Salleh, Mohamed Ali.... Salleh, Rajab Salleh

Salter, Alfred Walter

William

Sammons, Ernest Percy Samy, Abdul Rhaman

Mahomet

Samy, Arthur..............

Sanchez, Francisco

Sander Wolfgang

Sando, Harry Sanger, Richard

* Santos, Carlos Maria......

Santos, Delfino Eduardo dos Santos, Guilherme Faustino Santos, Hermilho P'aulo Santos, Joseph Andrew.... Santos, Vicente Paulo Sapooran Singh

Sasso, Innocent Maurice Sauerbeck, Helmut

Saunders, William

Sawyer, Edward Warren

Scarpa, John

Schaefer, Kurt

Schalk, van der Herman

Marius

Schipper, Cornelio Jan

de

Schmit, Fred Edward Schmidt, Helmuth ..

Schmidt, Richard Schmidt, William

Herman Robert

Schouten, Klaas

Schreiber, Bernhard Schreiber, Feodor·

Schuette, Hans Schwob, Rudolf Hugo

...

Co., Ld, ...

Engineer, R.C.A. Victor Co. of China

Assistant, Tajmahal Silk Store Merchant, John Manners & Co., Ld........

...

Merchant, Arnhold Trading Co., Ld..................... Clerk, Ed. A. Keller & Co., Ld. Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld..............

Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld. Manager, Palace Hotel

52 Village Road.

52 Village Road, 1st floor.

795 Nathan Rd., 8th floor, K'loon. 63 Tung Choi Street, 1st floor,

Mongkoktsui.

21 Robinson Road.

Belfran Road, Kowloon.

6 Granville Road, Kowloon. 419 Hennessy Road.

273 Castle Peak Road.

125 Robinson Road.

213 Fa. Yuen Street, Mongkoktsui

Engineer, China Light & Power Co., Ld. 457 Lockhart Road.

Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co.

Assistant, American Lloyd, Ld.

Merchant, Sauder, Wieler & Co. Clerk, H. K. & Shanghai Bank Manager, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co. Assistant, Netherlands Trading Society Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Clerk. Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld. Rec. Clerk. Repulse Bay Hotel.. Assistant, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Clerk, Linstead & Davis Proprietor, Sapooran & Co. Maitre d'hotel, H.K. Hotel. Assistant Manager, Orient Tobacco

Manufactory

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld.

Chief Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld..

Agent, Lloyd Triestino Manager, Kunst & Albers..

Assistant, Java-China-Japan Lijn,

N.V.

Assistant Marine Surveyor,

Capt. W. C. Weston

Superintendent, Texas Co.. (China) Ld. Manager, Import Department, Melchers

& Co.

Manager, Carlowitz & Co.

Hairdresser, Andre's Beauty

Parlour

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld. Merchant, Jebsen & Co. Mining Engineer, Marsman H.K.

China, Ld.

Assistant, Melchers, & Co. Manager, Siemens China Co.

88 Bonham Road.

7 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon. 528 The Peak.

3 Basilea, Lyttelton Road. Peninsula Hotel.

On premises. On premises.

15 Wanchai Road.

On premises.

29 Caine Road, 1st flocr.

13 Mosque Junction.

374 Lockhart Road. On premises.

On premises.

North Point Installation. Chatham Apartments, Chatham

Road, Kowloon.

16 Homuntin Hill, Homuutin. 21 Broad Road.

264 The Peak.

4 Caroline Rd., Causeway Bay. On premises.

11 Conduit Road. Caerlon, Pokfulam Road.

17 Mosque Junction.

On premises.

4 Tregunter Mansions.

1 Grampian Road, Kowloon City. 3 Kennedy Road.

5 Carnarvon Building, Kowloou.

NAME IN FULL.

63

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

S-Continued.

Scott, Harry Hodge

Seah Cheow-hong

Searle, Edward Valentine...

Seath, William Petrie

Seemin, Alfred Huzein Sehwani, Dingamal Dharamdas Seidler, Rolf

Sequeira, Alfredo Jesus......

Sequeira, Augusto Darius... Sequeira, Carlos Maria Sequeira, Felizberto

Augusto

Sequeira, João Octavio Sequeira, José Maria

Ozorio

Sequeira, Luiz Alberto

Sequeira, Luiz Romano Sequeira, Secundino dos

Santos de Silva Sewell, George William * Sham, Percy Samuel

Shamdas, Naraindas * Shank, Charles Leroy

Sharp, Eric William

Sharp, William

Shaw, Eric Ernest Liddell

O'Neill

Shaw, John Archibald Shaw, Joseph Hilton......

Shea, Edward Francis

Shea, John Frederick Shea, William Albert Soek Pui-kie

Shen Pei-min Shenersen, John

Shew Tong-tom

Shing, Robert Junr Shing Wing-poon Shranaeff, Victor

Shroff, Rusy Motabhoy... Shroff, Sammy Shu Ying-cheng Shum Hon-chuen Shum Siu-loon Shum Tsze-chung Sia Ko Kiat Sid Chun-wing

Engineer Manager, H.K. & Whampoa

Dock Co., Ld....

Clerk, Kian Gwan Co. India, Ld.

Electrical Engineer, Jardine Engineer-

ing Corporation, Ld.

Foreman, Taikoo Sugar Refining Co.,

Ld..

Assistant, Seemin & Lyon

Manager, Utoomal & Assudamal Co.. Assistant, Reuter, Brockelmann

& Co.

Serviceman, Central Radio Service

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co... Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co.......

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

On premises.

201 Ki Lung Street, 2nd floor,

Shamshuipo.

92 Waterloo Road, Kowloon.

15 Braemar Terrace, Quarry Bay. 9 Fook Wing Street.

212 Cheung Sha Wan Road.

17 Grampian Rd., Kowloon

Tong.

12 Granville Road, 1st floor,

Kowloon.

27 Stafford Road, Kowloon Tong. 9 Soares Avenue, Homuntin.

12 Granville Road, Kowloon. 12 Granville Road, Kowloon.

Assistant, Arnold Trading Co., Ld..... 8 Tung Cheong Building,

Assistant, Caldbeck, MacGregor & Co.,

Ld.

Assistant, John D. Hutchison & Co.......

Assistant, Standard-Vacnum Oil Co....... Merchant, Robertson, Wilson & Co., Ld. Assistant, John D. Humphreys & Son,

Ld.

Merchant, Tajmahal Silk Store Contractor, Blackburn, Basto & Shank,

Ld.

Depot Manager, British Wireless

Marine Service

Kowloon.

12 Granville Road, 1st floor, K’loon. 9 Soares Avenue, Homuutin.

16 Jordan Road, Kowloon. H.K. Club.

116 Taipo Road, Top fi., Kowloon. 21 Robinson Road.

21 Broadwood Road.

1 Tak Shing Street, Kowloon.

Secretary, Manufacturers Life Ins. Co.... 260 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon.

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co....... Stores Superintendent, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

Secretary to Passenger Agent, Canadian

Pacific Steamships, Ld... Manager, Wallace Harper & Co., Ld.. Assistant, Shewan Tomes & Co..... Accountant, Bank of East Asia, Ld.. Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld. Manager, American Express Co.

Inc.

Assistant Inspector, Imperial Chemical

Industries (China), Ld. Salesman, Neco Neon Co. Clerk, Sincere Co., Ld.

Assistant (Office), H. K. Mines, Ld::. Cashier, J. Ruttonjee & Son... Salesman, Mamak & Co. Clerk, Fukien Trading Co.

Assistant, Swan, Culbertson & Fritz..... Secretary, Associated Produce Co.... Merchant, Globe Trading Co. Audit Clerk, Thomson. Co. Clerk, National City Bank of

New York

On premises. 114 The Peak.

Block 2, Staff Quarters.

354 Prince Edward Rd., Kowloon. 301 Prince Edward Rd., K’loon. 6 Village Villas, Happy Valley. On premises.

29 Hankow Road, Kowloon.

4 Bungalow, Repulse Bay.

On premises. On premises.

11 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon. On premises.

3/9 Duddell Street.

4 Peking Road, Kowloon.

2 Morrison Hill Road.

16 Bridges Street, 1st floor.

11 Fook Wing Street, 2nd floor. On premises.

95 Hennessy Road.

4 To Li Terrace, Kennedy Town

64

S—Continued,

Sievers, Walter

Siew Tham-yuen Sills, Cyril Albert Silva, Alberto Augusto......

Silva, Alfred Maria da Silva, Alfredo Andrea

da.

Silva, Ambrosio Cezar da... Silva, Antonio Francisco

Paula da

Silva, Antonio Padua Eça

da.......

Silva, Argymiro Maria

Vicente Gomes da.... Silva, Armando Maria.... Silva, Arthur Luiz

Silva, Carlos Maria Silva, Carlos Nolasco da. Silva, Eduardo José de...

Silva, Francisco Britto

Perez da

Clerk, Carlowitz & Co.

Stock Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld... Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld. Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld...................

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld..

Clerk, H. K. Rope Manufacturing

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld. Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.

Assistant, General Electric Co. of

China, Ld

Clerk, H.K., Canton & Macao Steam-

boat Co., Ld.

Clerk, Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank.. Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.. Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China.

Assistant, China Light & Power Co., Ld. Clerk, P. M. Nolasco da Silva.......... Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld..

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Silva, Francisco Maria da... Secretary, Pure Cane Molasses Co.,

Silva, Francisco Xavier......

Silva, Francisco Xavier

Maria da

Silva, Frederico Eugenio Silva, Frederico da...... Silva, George Honorio da... Silva, Henry Edward Eça da

Silva, João Maria da..

Silva, Jorge Alberto Britto

da.....

Silva, José Machado

Nolasco da

Silva, José Maria da

Silva, José Maria Nolasco da

Silva, José Sa

Silva, Ladislao da Silva, Leonardo José.. Silva, Lionel Antonio Silva, Lionel Clement Silva, Marciano Antonio

Caterino da....... Silva, Mario Maria..

Silva, Pedro Alberto Peres

da.........

Silva, Porphyrio Maria Nolasco da Jr. Silva, Reginaldo Maria

Gomes da Silva, Renaldo Alberto da.. Silva, Ricardo Crescencio da

Silva, Ricardo Domingos

...

(H.K.) Ld.

Assistant Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld.

Assistant, Netherlands Trading Society... Assistant, Green Island Cement Co., Ld.. Storekeeper, H.K. Mines, Ld... Engineer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld................

Clerk, China Provident Loan &

Mortgage Co., Ld....

Estate Agent

Assistant, P, M. Nolasco da Silva...... Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Ins. Agent, Confederation Life Associa-

tion of (Canada)..... Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China...... Clerk, Banque de L'Indo Chine... Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Courtland Hotel.

129 Fa Yuen Street, Mongkok tsui. 138 Kennedy Road.

771 Nathan Road, Top fl., K'loon. On premises.

10 Heard Street.

14 Tung Cheong Building, K'loon.

5 Nanking Street, Yaumati.

18c Hillwood Road, Kowloon.

24 Granville Road, Kowloon. 23 Jordan Road, Kowloon..

13 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon. 10 Austin Avenue, Kowloon. 7 Garden Road. 155 Sai Yeung Choi Street,

Mongkoktsui.

65 Peace Avenue, Homnutiu.

7 Jordan Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

On premises.

243 Nathan Road, Kowloon. On premises.

29 Kimberley Rd., 2nd fl., Kowloon. 18c Hillwood Road, Top floor,

Kowloon.

9 Tung Cheong Building, Kowloon.

1 Austin Avenue, Kowloon.

7 Garden Road.

109 Waterloo Rd., Kowloon Tong.

7 Garden Road.

798 Nathan Rd., 2nd fl., Kowloon.

4 Ningpo Street, Kowloon.

13 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon. 29 Kimberley Road, Kowloon.

Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld............. 6 Granville Road, Kowloon.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld. Assistant Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld.

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld.

Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.. Merchant, The Colonial Trading Co....... Assistant, H. M. H. Nemazee

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

43B Peking Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

1 Austin Avenue, Kowloon.

7 Garden Road,

9 Liberty Avenue, Homuntin. 67 Kimberley Road, Kowloon. 155 Sai Yeung Choi Street, 2nd

floor, Mongkoktsui.

150 Prince Edward Rd., Kowloon.

*

*

NAME IN FULL.

S-Continued.

65

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

Silva, Roque Maria Silver, Daniel Oswald

* Simmonds, Ernest William

Charles...

Simmons, Benjamin William Simmons, John Henry Simmons, William

Frederick...

Simões, Manuel Augusto Simpson, Sydney..................

Sin Hap-sang.

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Agent, Sun Life Assurance Co. of

Canada

Distribution Supt., H.K. & China

Gas Co., Ld.

Engineer, H.K. Telephone Co., Ld.................... Traffic Inspector, H.K. Tramways, Ld...

Secretary, H.K. Tramways, Ld....... Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co. Chemist, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineer-

ing Co. of H.K., Ld.. Clerk, Sworn Measurers' Office

Sindlinger, John Raymond. Attorney, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co.

Sing, Gilbert

Sing Wu-cheng

Singh Sunden

Sion, Albert

Sipitsky, Charles Isaac....

Siu Ho-ming

Siu Ping-kee

Siu Tak-louey

Siuland, Jan

Skeet, Charles William.

Skinn, Alfred Hugh

Stanton

Mechanic, Far East Motors Secretary, Macau Jockey Club Proprietor, Mamak & Co.

Clerk, United Delivery Co., Ld. Salesman, S.E. Levy & Co. Architect, Exchange Building

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Manager, Kowloon Motor Bus Co...... Banker, National Commercial &

Savings Bank, Ld.

Accountant, Canadian Pacific Steam-

ships, Ld..........................

Steel Mettalurgist, H. K. &

Whampoa Dock Co., Ld.

Skues, Vivian William... Assistant, Union Insurance Society

Skvorzor, Alexander

Vasilievich

Slay, Edward Thomas

William

Sleap, Ronald........

Sleap, Sidney Alfred

Sling, Harry Hong......

Sloan, Charles McConnell...

Sloan, John Kane

Smeby, Nils Wennech Smirnoff, George

Vitalievitch

of Canton, Ld.

Structural Engineer, H. K. Engineer-

ing & Construction Co., Ld.

Sales Manager, Advertising &

Publicity Bureau

Assistant, A.S. Watson & Co., Ld. Assistant, H.K. Jockey Club Manager, H. Hong Sling Manager, Gilman Motors

Elec. Engineer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.... Secretary, Thoresen & Co., Ld...

Architect, Marsman, H. K. China

Ld.

Smith, Albert James Victor Electrical Engineer, China Light &

Smith, Arthur......

.......

Smith, Eric Grant.... Smith, Philip Holyrood......

Smith, Hugh

Smith, John Sanderson Smith, Raymond Walter

Power Co., Ld.

Outside Overseer, China Light & Power

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld. Chief Flying Instructor, Far East

Flying Training School, Ld... Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K. Ld. Merchant, Lane, Crawford, Ld. Engineer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.

23 Jordan Road, Kowloon.

37 Hankow Road, 1st floor,

Kowloon.

6 Felix Villas.

The Institute, Gloucester Road. 85 Leighton Hill Road.

15 Peak Mansions.

4 Saifee Terrace, Kowloon.

Quarry Bay.

On premises. Gloucester Hotel.

231 Nathan Road, Kowloon. On premises.

38 Hankow Road, Kowloon. 206 Tong Mui Road.

St John's Apartments, Flat 8. 7 Essex Crescent, Kowloon Tong.

On premises. On premises.

1 Breezy Terrace, 1st floor.

25 The Peak.

On premises.

22 Macdonnell Road.

On premises.

14 Hankow Road, Kowloon. On premises, North Point. 268 The Peak.

9 Garden Terrace. Junction, Johnston & Hennessy

Roads.

61в Wongneichong Road.

5 Suffolk Road, Kowloon Tong.

306 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

307 Prince Edward Rd., Kowloon.

35 Hau Wong Road, 2nd floor. Peninsula Hotel.

279 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

17 Grampian Road, Kowloon City. H.E.C. Quarters, No. 1a Causeway

Hill.

66

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

S—Continued.

ADDRESS.

Snaith, Philip

So Fook-wing... So King-man

So Kwing-yiu

So Ming-shin, So, Shewan

Soares, Alberto Carios

Soares, Francisco Xavier * Soares, Joannes Alves de Vasconcellos

Soares, Joaquim Rocque * Soares, Luiz Antonio...

Soltau, Bernhard Sommerfelt, Allister

Sommers, Hilmar Florenz...

Soo Beng-tan

Soo Chung-ming

* Soo Pui-chen Soo Wai-fook

Soong, Stanley-yung Soong Tack-kwong

Sou Zen-chang

Sousa, Antonio Eduardo

Botelho de

Sousa, Antonio Phillip Sousa, Casimiro Marcelino

de

Sousa, Eduardo Valerio

Maria Botelho de

Sousa, Frederico Eduardo de

Sousa, José Eduardo de......

Sousa, José Maria de......

Sousa, Luiz Gonzaga.........

Sousa, Miguel Alberto de... Sousa, Sylvio Sylvester..... Sousæ, Hermenegildo

Turibio

Sousae, William Manuel

Southwick, Melvin

Leonard

...

Mercantile Asst., Jardine, Matheson

& Co., Ld.

Clerk, H.K. Meat & Dairy Produce Co........ Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld. Steno-typist, U. Spalinger &

Co. S. A.

Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.. Import Manager, Channel Trading

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Assistant, Roza Bros. Clerk, Dodwell & Co., Ld. Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld. Assistant, Bodiker & Co.

Chartered Accountant, Linstead & Davis Assistant, Swan, Culbertson & Fritz...... Secretary, Li & Fung Clerk, Jebsen & Co. Broker, Soo Pui Chen & Co. Salesman, Whiteaway, Laidlaw &

Co., Lư.

Clerk, Schmidt & Co., Ld........ Assistant Inspector, Chemical

Industries (China), Ld. Manager, China South Sea Bank,

Ld.

Assistant, China Auction Rooms

Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld.

Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China

Assistant, China Auction Rooms Stenographer, Canadian Pacific Steam-

ships, Ld. Superintendent, Lido Garden, Repulse

Bay

Assistant, Karsten Larssen & Co.,

(H. K.) Ld. Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China Assistant, Bank Line, Ld. Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld.

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld...........

Assistant, Standaad-Vacuum Oil Co.

Souza, Alberto Francisco de. Assistant Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

Souza, Antonio Maria Placé. Souza, Antonio Padua de

(S.C.) Ld.

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

...

Assistant, General Electric Co. of China,

Ld.

Souza, Eduardo Augusto de Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld...

354 The Peak.

117 Queen's Road East. 222 Reclamation Street.

19 Wellington Street. 3 Chancery Lane.

28 Bonham Road.

9 Nanking Street, Kowloon. 3 Homuntin Street, Homuntin.

On premises.

20 Hillwood Road, Kowloon.

2 Liberty Avenue, Homuntin. R.B.L. 174 Pokfulam.

196 The Peak.

1 Abermor Court.

184 Ma Tau Chung Road.

327 Lockhart Road.

8 Des Voeux Road Central.

1087 Canton Road, Top floor,

Kowloon.

45 Bonham Road.

On premises.

237 Prince Edward Rd., Kowloon.

39 Granville Road, Kowloon.

3 Ashley Road, Kowlcon.

159 Sai Yeung Choi Street,

Mongkoktsui.

39 Granville Road, Kowloon.

39 Granville Road, Kowloon.

39 Granville Road, Kowloon.

162 Ma Tau Chung Road.

181 Wuhu Street, Hunghom. 1 Hart Avenue, Kowloon. 92 Parkes Street, Yaumati.

22 Johnston Road, 1st floor. 20 Johnston Road, 1st floor.

Peninsula Hotel.

On premises.

6 Pak Tai Street, Kowloon.

155 Saiyee Street, Mongkok tsui. 181 Wuhu Street, 3rd floor,

Hunghom.

·

NAME IN FULL.

67

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

S-Continued.

Souza, Eduardo Paulo

Souza, Eric Anthony....... Souza, George Allister

Souza, Jorge Carlos

Souza, José Francisco

Souza, Leo Antonio

Souza, Lino Vicente de..

Souza, Luiz Carlos de

Rozario

Souza, Mancio Germano

Placé

Souza, Marcus Antonio

Rozario

Souza, Satyro Estevão

Souza Sebastian

Maria de

Spanier, Hans

Spencer, William

Leonard

Spoor, Andrew Sporleder, Walter Sprague, Charles

Hamilton

Sprinkle, William Augustus

...

Stafford, Alfred Ben......

Stainton, Thomas Fletcher

Stalker, Archibald.

Stanesby, Sydney John

Cleave

Stanton, John Reginald

Leslie

Stark, Crawford Charles Stark, Charles Hallock. Starling, Edward Leonard...] Stewart, Douglas Haig ......

Stewart, Gilbert Hugh

Stewart, Hugh Grant Stewart, Ronald

Cameron

Clerk, Nederlandsch Indische

Handelsbank, N.V.

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld...

Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld.

Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Electrical Engineer, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Clerk, H. K. & Shanghai Bank

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.........

Clerk, Nederlandsch Indische Handels-

bank, N.V.

...

732 Nathan Rd., 1st fl., Kowloon. 33A Wongueichong Rd., 1st floor. 331 Wongneichong Road, Ground

floor.

151 Sai Yee Street, Ground floor,

Mongkoktsui.

36 Ice House Street.

3 Saifee Terrace, Kowloon.

1 Yim Po Fong Street.

14 Shan Kwong Road, Happy

Valley.

6 Pak Tai Street.

33A Wongneichong Road.

3 Saifee Terrace, Kowloon.

Assistant, Thomas Cook & Son Ld..... 445 Hennessy Road. Merchant, Deutsche Farben

Handelgesellschaft

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld.

Engineer, Lee Yu Kee

Manager, Melchers & Co.

114 The Peak.

North Point Installation. On premises.

The Tower, Queen's Building.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co... 173 The Peak.

Clerk, Manufacturers Life Insurance

Co.

Mercantile Asst., Jardine, Matheson

& Co., Ld.

Timekeeper, Taikoo Sugar Refining

Co., Lư.

Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineering

Co. of H.K, Ld.

Assistant, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.

Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld Managing Director, H.K. Mines, Ld. Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co., Ld. Wharfinger, Holt's Wharf Assistant, Dunlop Rubber Co., (China)

Ld.

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineer-

ing Co. of H.K., Ld.

Assistant, Texas Co. (China), Ld.

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire

Stone, Harold Edmund... General Manager, Hong Kong &

Stone, Yu-cheng.......

Stradmore, Norman

Stride, Roland Albert Strong, Robert

China Gas Co.

Assistant Accountant, Peking Syndi-

cate, Ld.

Salesman, The Pharmacy Assistant, Lane, Crawford, Ld. Sub-Manager, Swan, Culbertson &

Fritz

22 Fort Street, North Point.

354 The Peak.

9 Braemar Terrace, Quarry Bay.

On premises.

Cathay Hotel, 810 King's Road.

6 Conduit Road. 274 The Peak. On premises. On premises.

3-5 Kennedy Road.

Quarry Bay.

168 Boundary Street.

On premises.

16 Peak Mansions.

3 Ming Yuen Street, West.

25 Wing Hing Street. 18 Kennedy Terrace.

6 St. John's Apartments,

Garden Road.

68

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

S—Continued.

ADDRESS.

Stuart-Smith, Kenneth Sturgeon, James Bassindale.

Suckling, Percy Herbert.

Suddin, Usaf Sham Sue Ing, William

Suffiad, Abdul Gaffoor .....

Suffiad, Abdul Rashid Sullivan, Hector Francis Summers, Charles Henry

Sun She-chun Sun Wah

Sun Yan-kit, George

*Sung Kit-man...

Sung Sau-tin

Sung Sheung-kwong Sutherland, Richard

Findlater

Svendsen, Lorenz

Swang O'Young

Assistant, A. H. Potts & Co..... Draughtsman, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

General Manager, H. K. & Shanghai

Hotels, Ld. Clerk, Chase Bank

Architect, 8a Des Voeux Road Central...

Clerk, British-American Tobacco Co.

(China), Ld.

Clerk, Banker & Co., Ld.

Engineer, A.S. Watson & Co. Ld.... Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineering

Co. of H.K., Ld................ Assistant, Sang Kee

Assistant, Radio & Electric Service.. Secretary, China Entertainment & Land

Investment Co., Ld.

Meter Inspector, China Light & Power

Co., L.

Clerk, Java-China-Japan Line Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld.

Assistant, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld....

Manager, Deutsche Farben-Handelsge-

sellschaft, (Waibel & Co.).... Managing Director, Dennis & Co.,

Ld.

Sweeney, James Napier Shipbuilder, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Szeto Cheuk-yue

....

Co., Lủ.

Assistant, Andersen, Meyer & Co., Ld.

H. K. Club.

On premises.

Peninsula Hotel.

377 Hennessy Road, 1st floor. 100 Pei Ho Street, 1st floor.

Shamshuipo.

4 Fly Dragon Terrace. 16 Leighton Hill Road. 3 Seen Keen Terrace.

Quarry Bay.

4A Des Voeux Road Central. On premises.

4 Babington Path.

181 Fa Yuen Street, Mongkok tsui. 16 Hin Hon Road.

11 Castle Road.

134 Austin Road, Kowloon.

Two Bays, Repulse Bay.

On premises.

On premises.

3 Ladder Terrace.

T

Tai Fook-lam

Tai Hang-wan

Tại Hong

Taipo, Mann Peter.....

Tai Pak-choi

Takin Leung Talan, Moses

Tam, John Baptista

Tam, Joseph Charles Tam Man-chiu

Tam Man-yim

Tam Sung-kit Tam Pak-fan

Tam Shing-foon.....

Clerk, Deutsche Farben Handelsgesell-

schaft (Waibel & Co.)

Dispenser, Kowloon Dispensary. Secretary, G. G. Hewlitt & T. Fung Manager, Paul E. Sammann & Co.,

China

Clerk, Kunst & Albers

Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Manager, American Lloyd Ld. Clerk, Banque de L'Indo Chine Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Clerk, Tin Tsun Modern

Lithographers Offset Printers Clerk, National Aniline & Chemical

Co., U.S.A.

20 Hillwood Road, Kowloon. 71 Sha Po Road, Kowloon City. 176 Tung Lo Wan Road.

On premises.

308 Queen's Road Central. Ld.. 8 Elgin Street.

Ld..

Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.. Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld.

Clerk, Carlowitz & Co.

7 East Point Terrace, 8th floor. 4 St. Joseph's Terrace. 528 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

On premises.

42 Mongkok Road, Top floor,

Kowloon.

311 Nathan Road, Kowloon. 1 Cheung Ning Street, 1st floor,

Kowloon.

260 Lockhart Road.

*

*

69

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

T-Continued.

Tam Sik-yan Tam Tsung-hon Tam Wah-hon Tam Woon-tong.. Tam Yat-wah. Tam Yue-fong Tan Chew-ing

Tan Hong-lee..............

Tan Hung, Joseph

Tan Joo-lam Tan Poh-keng

Tang Chan-po

Tang Che-cheong Tang Chung-pat Tang Kai-sui Tang Kin-chi. Tang King-man Tang Man-chun Tang Pak-chuen Tang Pui-hee Tang Quen-u Tang Shao-chuen Tang Shui-cho Tang Tai-wa Tang, Thomas Tang Yau-ting Tang Yee-kan

Tang Yew-hung... Tang Ying-loong

Tanner, George

Tansley, William Arthur Tao Nan-lee Tarbuck, Alfred Peter Tate, George William

Tavares, Alfredo Augusto

*Tavares, Alvaro Maria

Tavares, Arthur Richard Tavares, Augusto Maria *Tavares, Carlos Eugenio

Tavares, Fernando José

Tavares, José Filipe Taverner, Edmund Lacy Taylor, Robert

Taylor, Robert Blake

Tchurin, Peter Jacob

*Tebbutt, Henry Jemson

Teng Tung

...

Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co... Assistant, Chase Bank

Assistant, Thomas Cook & Son, Ld.... Clerk, National City Bank of New York. Accountant, China Coast Traders Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld.. Assistant, General Amusements,

Ld.

Assistant Manager, Kian Gwan Co.

India, Ld.

Assistant, China Provident Loan

& Mortgage Co., Ld.

Clerk, Seemin & Lyon Assistant Manager, Oversea Chinese

Banking Corporation, Ld. Assistant, Imperial Chemical Industries

(China), Ld.

Clerk, Kian Gwan Co., India Ld. Manager, China Travel Service Clerk, Wing On Bank, Ld. Salesman, Texas Co. (China), Ld. Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Merchant, Wingly & Co.... Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld.. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Clerk, Kowloon Motor Bus Co........ Assistant Manager, Tung Shan Hotel. Assistant, Reuter, Brockelmann Co... Cashier, East Asiatic Co., Ld. Agent, Manfacturers Life

Insurance Co.

Clerk, H.K. & China Gas Co., Ld. Salesman, Whiteaway, Laidlaw &

Co., Ld.

Salesman, Lane, Crawford, Ld. Foreman, Reiss, Bradley & Co., Ld. Manager, Bank of Communications... Assistant, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Works Manager, Taikoo Sugar Refining

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Nederlandsche Handels

Maatschappij, N.V.

Assistant, L. Rondon & Co., Lt.

Clerk, Dodwell & Co., Ld. Assistant, Reiss, Bradley & Co., Ld. Accountant, H.K. Rope Manufacturing

Co., Ld.

Secretary, H.K. Rope Manufacturing

Co., Ld.

Accountant, Reiss, Bradley & Co., Ld.... Banker, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Works Manager, Green Island Cement

Co., Ld.

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld. Hairdresser, Andre's Beauty

Parlour

Architect, Davies, Brooke & Gran Clerk, T. A. Martin & Co......

On premises.

36 Fook Wa Street.

6 Pilkem Street, Yaumati. 13 Hing Wan Street, 2nd floor. 106 Thomson Road, 1st floor. 21 Shantung St., Mongkoktsui.

21 Lee Garden Street.

89 Leighton Hill Road.

461 Hennessy Road, 3rd floor,

Wanchai.

21 Lee Garden Street.

17 Sharp Street, 2nd floor.

On premises.

363 Hennessy Road, 3rd floor. 71 Hill Road.

On premises.

97 Wanchai Road.

3 Wing Wah Lane.

41 Caine Road.

18 Austin Road, 1st floor, Kowloon. On premises.

563 Nathan Road, Kowloon. On premises. On premises. On premises.

125 Hennessy Road. 5 Lan Kwai Fong.

238 Wanchai Road. 5 Pilkem Street, 2nd floor.

338 Canton Road, 2nd floor,

Kowloon.

84 Kennedy Road.

20 Johnston Road, 2nd floor. On premises.

H.E.C. Quarters, 22 Ming Yuen.

Woodside, Quarry Bay.

On premises.

295 Prince Edward Road, 2nd

floor, Kowloon.

3 Saifee Terrace, Kowloon. 4 Caine Road.

6 Caine Road.

10 Robinson Road.

14 Tung Cheong Building, Kowloon.

353 The Peak.

Cement Works, Hok Un, Kowloon,

Quarry Bay.

5 King's Terrace, Kowloon.

41 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 7 Po Tuck Street.

70

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

T-Continued.

Teon Sun

Tetzel, Charles

Tham Khai-hong

Thom, Charles Stuart

McRae

Thompson, Arthur Robert. Thompson, Edgar

Thompson Frank Mernick. Thompson, George Edward

Foster

Thomson, Basil William

McKinnon

Thomson, Frederick Sutter. Thomson, George Bowman

Smith

Thomson, James Downie...

Thomson, John Butler

Thomson, Julius

Artist, Lane, Crawford, Ld.

Clerk, National City Bank of New York. Assistant Manager, Kian Gwan Co.,

India Ld.

Assistant, H. K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Manager, Palace Hotel Electrical Engineer, H.K. Electric

Co., Ld.

Banker, H.K. & Shanghai Bank

Accountant, H.K. & China Gas Co., Ld..

Supt. Afloat, H.K. & Kowloon Wharf

& Godown Co., Ld. Shift Manager, H.K. Mines, Ld.

Accountant, H.K. & Kowloon Wharf

& Godown Co., Ld.

Manager, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld......

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co., of H.K. Ld. Staff, Chase Bank

Thomson, William John. Wireless Supt., Williamson & Co......

Thong, Pohing

Thoresen, Thorborn

Thornton, Joseph

Pressly

Tillery, William Campbell,

Jr

Tim, Friedrich Wilhelm

Albert

Tinson, Arthur Cecil

Tinson, John William

Tipple, Leslie Woodward...

To, Lester

To Shing-chung......

Tobias, Lewis Albert......... Tocher, Alexander Fraser

*Tock, Frank

Tollan, Duncan Tolle, Franz

Tong Ding-cheong Tong Ka-huck Tong Kok-ling. Tong Kwok-kwong Tong Shiu-ki Tong Sik-ming

Tong Siu-kee

General Assistant, H.K. Rubber Manu-

facturing Co., Ld.

Installation Manager, Pure Cane Molasses Co. H. K. Ld.

17 Thomson Road. 7 Warren Street.

80 Caine Road.

On premises.

On premises.

530 The Peak, 353 The Peak.

1 Aimai Villas, Kowloon.

297 Prince Edward Road, K'loon. On premises.

Repulse Bay Hotel.

Domun, Pokfulam.

On premises. Gloucester Hotel.

9 Bay View Mansions.

34 Hay Wong Terrace, 1st floor,

Kennedy Town.

Orme's Bungalow.

11 Miles New Territories.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co... Peninsula Hotel.

Meters Superintendent, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

Agent, Sun Life Assurance Co.

of Canada

Electrical Engineer, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.

Marine Superintendent, Butterfield

& Swire

Engineer, Kowloon Motor Bus Co.

(1933), Ld.

Central Showroom Attendant, H.K. &

China Gas Co., Ld.

Accountant Store Clerk, H.K. Telephone

Co., Ld.

Optician, N. Lazarus Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co., Ld. Assistant, Otis Elevator Co.

Engineer, H.K. Telephone Co., Ld. Clerk, Carlowitz & Co. Banker, Bank of Kwangsi Clerk, Lam Woo & Co.

Dispenser, Colonial Dispensary Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co.. Clerk, Sworn Measurers' Office .... Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.....

8 Tantallon Terrace, K'loon Docks.

Y.M.C.A.

Hok Un Power Station, Kowloon.

On premises.

On premises.

16 Dragon Terrace.

222 Jaffé Road, Ground floor. Gloucester Hotel.

On premises.

171 Sai Yeung Choi Street, 1st

floor, Mongkoktsui.

Dunrose, Castle Peak Road. 2 Longsight Villa, Victoria Road. On premises.

34 Johnston Road.

26 D'Aguilar Street. On premises. On premises.

95 Prince Edward Road, 1st floor,

Kowloon.

Manager, Cosmopolitan Sound Co.... 4 Breezy Terrace.

"

NAME IN FULL.

71

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

T-Continued.

Tong, Thomas-shing

Tonnochy, Percy John ......

Tonoff, Nicholas

Alexander

Tower, Herbert George

Eric

Tremlett, Sidney

Allford

Treskin, Vladimir

Triggs, Clifton James Tsai Tei-ching

Tsai Wo-ming

Tsang Chiu-yuen Tsang Chung-nin

Tsang Fook

Tsang Kam-chuen Tsang, Paul

Tsang Wai-lok

Tsao Chung-yan......

Tsau Ding-hau

Tse, Andrew

Tse Mee-tack...

Tse Po-wan

Tse Shau-ping

Tse Shúi-wing

Tse Tim-chao.....

Tse Wing-yui

Tse Yan-pak Tse Yu-chiu Tsiang Y. Ch. Tso Chak-chuen...

Tso Chak-kau

Tso Chi-on

Tso Yew-Woon

Tso Yin-kin

{

Accountant, National Cash

Register Co.

Clerk, J. Ruttonjee & Son

Proprietor, Camera Exchange

Service

Clerk, J. Ruttonjee & Son.............

Engineer, Jardine Engineering

Corporation, Ld. Engineer, Kunst & Albers Engineer, H.K. & Shanghai Hotels, Ld... Accountant, China Cotton & Yarn

Co.

Sub. Accountant, Bank of Canton,

Ld.

Broker, Payne & Co. Bookkeeper, Jebsen & Co.

Principal, Tsang Fook Piano Co. Director, Banker & Co., Ld. Clerk, Australian Sandalwood

Co., Ld.

Clerk, Bank of Canton, Ld. Shipping Clerk, Jebsen & Co.

Assistant Compradore, Jebsen & Co.......

Assistant, Clover Flower Shop Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie

& Co.

Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co. Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.........

Clerk, Central Showroom, H.K. &

China Gas Co., Ld.

Bank Clerk, Oversea Chinese Banking

Corporation, Ld........................

Assistant, Reuter, Brockelmann &

Co.

Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld. Clerk, Che San & Co. Managing Partner, Tsiang & Co. Acting Manager, Paramount Films of

China Inc. H.K...................

Branch Manager, Warner Bros. First

National Pictures, Inc.

Clerk, Deutsche Farben-

Handelgesellschaft

Staff, Deutsche Farben Handelsgesell-

chaft (Waibel & Co.)

Clerk, China Travel Service

Tsoi Ki-cheung, Jasper...... Clerk, Far East Oxygen and Acetylene

Tsoi Sai-fan

Tsoi Wing-kai

Tsoi Yat-hang

Tsoi Yun-hung Tsu Chun-po Tsu Ho-tseung

Co., Lủ.

Clerk, l'entreath & Co.

Clerk, Pentreath & Co.

Assistant, Union Insurance Society

of Canton, Ld.

Clerk, Wing On Bank, Ld.

16 Shan Kwong Road, Happy Valley.

2 Fort Street, North Point, Top

floor.

1 Middle Road, Kowloon.

Hotel Cecil.

Stafford House, Taipo.

4 Ashley Rd., Top floor, Kowloon. Peninsula Hotel.

5 Wing Kut Street, Top floor.

On premises.

143 Thomson Road.

7 Sugar Street, Causeway Bay,

3rd floor.

480 King's Road

7 Jordan Road, Kowloon.

55. Leighton Hill Road. On premises.

9 Cheung Sha Wan Road, 2nd floor,

Shamshuipo.

5 Cheung Sha Wan Road, 1st floor,

Shamsbuipo.

61 Robinson Road.

On premises. On premises.

12 Wing Hing Street, 2nd floor.

85A Hennessy Road.

22 Ladder Terrace, Top floor.

213 Jaffé Road.

230a Wanchai Road. On premises.

On premises.

37 Tai Street, Kowloon City.

8 Breezy Terrace, Top floor,

Bonham Road.

6 Shiu Tai Terrace, Stubbs Rd.

229 Queen's Rd. Central, 1st floor. 140 Wo Sung Street.

287 Shanghai Street, 3rd floor,

Kowloon.

177 Hennessy Road, 3rd floor. 177 Hennessy Road, 3rd floor.

155 Johnston Road.

On premises.

Compradore, Reiss, Bradley & Co..... 61 Des Voeux Road W.

Clerk, Gande, Price & Co., Ld.

355 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor.

72

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

T-Continued.

Tsu Hoo-cheun

Tsui Keng-chau. Tsui Shu-hung Tsni Wah-chiu Tsui Wai-sun

Tsui Wing-chui

Tsung Po-tong Tu Tze-ying Tung Wing-ki Turner, Harry

Turner, William Tye, Albert Matthew Tyndall, Frederick..

Tyson, Frederic Hunter

Assistant, Ulderup & Co.

Salesman, Texas Co., (China) Ld.. Clerk, Thomson & Co.

A/c. Clerk, Texas Co., (China) Ld. Accountant, Warner Bros. First National

Pictures, Inc.

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld.

2nd Compradore, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Clerk, Kian Gwan Co. India, Ld. Clerk, Mackinnon. Mackenzie & Co.......] Mine Manager, H. K. Clays &

Kaolon Co., Ld.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co.. Clerk, American Express Co., Inc. Assistant Engineer, H.K. & China Gas

Co., Lử.

Attorney, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co.

24 Fook Wa Street, 2nd floor,

Shamshuipo.

87 Leighton Hill Road. 66 High Street, 1st floor.

65 Tak Ku Ling Rd., K'loon City.

74 High Street, 3rd floor.

On premises.

2 Ning Yeung Terrace. 1 Lock Road. On premises.

41 Kennedy Road. Laichikok Installation. 11 Canal Road, Top floor.

Y.M.C.A., Kowloon.

8 Branksome Towers, May Road.

U

U Kiu-yin

U Shiu-ki

U Shiu-wing

U Tat-chee.

U Ze-wing

Ue Sai-yim

Uen Shu-shum

Umnuss, Robert Heinrich

Ludwig August

Un King-sang.......... Unbehaun, Charles

Advertising Manager, Chi Min Enter-

tainment, Ld.

Chief Clerk, Mustard & Co., Ld. Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Merchant, H. Connell & Co., Ld. Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld. Clerk, U. S. Life Insurance Co. Clerk, Jebsen & Co.

Merchant, China Export, Import &

Bank Co., Ld

Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co....... General Manager, Hume Pipe (Far

East), Ld.

35 Fook Wing Street, Shamshuipo. 49 Tung Choi Street, Mongkoktsui. On premises.

9 Fook Wing Street, 2nd floor. 5 Dorset Crescent, Kowloon Tong. 24 Stubbs Road.

95A High Street, Ground floor.

Ellenbud Villas, Sassoon Road. On premises.

9 Mile Castle Peak Road.

V

Vago, Aladar

Valero, Alejandro

Van der Stegen, Henn... Van Schagen, Krijn

Van Wylick, Gabriel

Edouard Charles....................

Manager, A Vago

Mine Shifter, H. K. Mines, Ld. Manager, R. Maes

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.

(S. C.) Ld.

Architect, Credit Foucier d'Extreme

Orient

Vanden, Broecke Joseph Accountant, Banque Belge pour

Vannini, Augusto Vargassoff, Nicolas

Varn, Madison Howell Vas, George Augusto Vaswani, Assudamal

Hashmatrai Vaswani, Narairdas

Hashmatrai Veldhuijzen, Evert Ferdinand

l'Etranger

Contractor, A. Vanani & Co.. Electrical Engineer, H.K. Electric

Con Lư.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co...... Assistant, Yokohama Specie Bank, Ld...

Assistant, Utoomal & Assudamal Co.

310 Prince Edward Rd., Kowloon. On premises. Dina House.

On premises.

9 Peak Mansions.

499 The Peak.

141 Electric Road.

1 Basilea, Lyttelton Road. Gloucester Hotel.

761 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

19 Robinson Road.

Clerk, Utoomal & Assudamal Co..... 17 Robinson Road.

Assistant, Nederlandsche Indische

Handelsbank, N.V.

8 Conduit Road.

73

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

V-Continued.

Veltman, Alfons

Herman

Verevkin, Boris John Versluis, Hendrik

Vessoona, Naoroje

Jamsedji

Victor, Carlos de Monte

Carmelo

Vieira, Bernardino Senna Vieira, Bomfilho Maria, Jr.. Vieira, Henrique Emilio Viira, Vaceslav

Vincent, Henri

Volin, Victor

Andreivich

Volkoff, Nicolas

Manager, Java-China-Japan

Lijn, N. V.

Assistant, Texas Co., (China) Ld.. Assistant, Java-China-Japan

Lijn, N. V.

Assistant, Ramsey & Co.

264 The Peak. On premises.

Hong Kong Hotel.

1 Sharp St., Leighton Hill Rd.

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. On premises.

Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld. Book-keeper, Millington, Ld. Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.... Photographer, Camera Exchange

Service

Chef, Peninsula Hotel

Sub-Manager, Repulse Bay Lido..... Engineer, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co....... Vos, Emmanuel Robert de... Managing Director, Marsman H.K.

China, Ld.

21 Stafford Road, Kowloon Tong. 286 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor.

5 Chi Wo Street, 1st fl., Kowloon.

377 Nathan Road, Kowloon. On premises.

Repulse Bay Hotel.

3 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

554 Cameron Road, The Peak.

W

Wade, Leland Walton

Wadhwa, Bassarmal,

Phabiamal

Waggouer Charles Allen.

Wagner, Carl August Wagner, Ernst

Wagstaff, Donald

Williams

Wahab, Abdool Magid Wahab, Mohammed Abdul.. Wai Man-lok

Wai Man-wei

Wai Suen-an

Waid, John......

Walch, Eric Russell

Walch, Leon David Walkden, Alan Frank

Walker, Charles

Douglas Neville

Walker, George Findlay

Walker, John Erskine Jule Walker, John Michael

Walker, Robert John

Ketchen

Waller, Thomas

Walker, Vernon.

Sub-Accountant, National City Bank of

New York

Assistant Manager, Hassaram

Gianchand

Representative, Amercian Express

Co. Inc.

Assistant, The East Asiatic Co. Ld... Merchant, Deutsche Farben-

Handelgesellschaft

Manager, W. W. Wagstaff & Sons.... Clerk, American President Lines, Ld...... Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld.. Clerk, H.K. Telephone Co., Ld. Clerk, H.K. Telephone Co., Ld. Asst. Mgr., H. K. Rubber

Manufactory, Ld. Foreman, Taikoo Sugar Refining

Co., L.

Accountant, Lowe, Bingham &

Matthews

Manager, J. Ullmann & Co. Assistent, Dodwell & Co., Ld.

Banker, Hong Kong & Shanghai

Bank

Chartered Accountant, Percy Smith,

Seth & Fleming

Assistant, Jockey Club Stables Accountant Clerk, Percy Smith, Seth &

Fleming

Installation Manager, Asiatic

Petroleum Co., (S. C.) Ld........ Assistant Engineer, H. K. Tram-

ways, Ld.

Chief Assistant Engineer, H.K. Tram-

ways, Ld....................

14 Peak Mansions.

4 Sun Wai Road.

Peninsula Hotel.

172 Argyle St., Homuntin.

2 Stubbs Road.

On premises.

351 Lockhart Road, East Point. On premises.

486 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor. 29 Village Road, 2nd floor.

29 Leighton Hill Road.

16 Braemar Terrace.

20 Broadwood Road.

19 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 16 Humphreys Building,

Kowloon.

353 The Peak.

Peninsula Hotel. On premises.

175 Sai Yeung Choi Street, 2nd

floor, Mongkoktsui.

North Point Installation.

80 Morrison Hill Road.

4 Broadwood Road.

NAME IN FULL.

74

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

W-Continued.

Wallace, Robert Cooper......

Walle, Izaak Jacobus

Gerardus

Waller, Horatio Annesley... Waller, Prosper Alexander. Walsh, Peter Christopher...

Walther, Jan

Wan Ashue Andrew...... Wan Ching James Wen..

Wan Chung-pak

Wan lung-kwan

Wan King-hong Wan Kwong-ping Wan Kwong-yiu Wan Wai-in

Wang Chi-hsin

Wang Shing-tet

Ward, Albert Stephen Warnecke, Ludwig Herbert Warren, Eric John Truro ...

Warren, Leslie Beal Wat Hew-kúi...

Wat Kay.

Wat Lun....

Waters, Thomas

Fletcher Rylance

Watjen, Richard

Heinrich August

Emil

Watson, Arthur

Watson, George Ernest

Victor

Watson, James Alexander

Watson, John.............. Watson, Kenneth Albert.. Watt Kam-yuen Watt, Yiu Hung Waun Kuok-yuen, William

Waung, Thomas... Way, Edward........ Way, Harry

* Way, William Kenneth.

Webb, Donald Arthur Webb, Harry Robin Webb, Robert Leslie

Shepherd.......

Webster, Arthur................

Webster, John

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineer-

ing Co. of H.K., Lď.

Manager, Export Dept., Holland-China

Trading Co., Ld....... Clerk, Ruttonjee & Co. Clerk, Benjamin & Potts. Sales Manager, D. Gestetner (Eastern),

Ld.

Agent, Sun Life Assurance Co. of

Canada

Bookkeeper, M. Beraha Sub-Manager, Bank of Communica-

tions

Telephone Operator, H. K. Mines,

Ld.

Clerk, Chase Bank

Clerk, Wing On Bank, Ld. Clerk, Kowloon Dispensary Clerk, Lane, Crawford, Ld Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China

Translator, Advertising & Publicity

Bureau, Ld.....

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld.. Assistant, Netherlands Trading Society... Merchant, Robertson, Wilson & Co., Ld. Manager, Australian Sandalwood Co.,

Ld.

Merchaut, Warren & Co., Ld... Assistant, Eng. Instructor, Far East Flying Training School, Ld. Clerk, South British Ins. Co., Ld........ Clerk, South British Insurance Co., Ld....

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.

(S. C.), Ltd.

Representative, Erdmann &

Siekeken

Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co., Ld....

Assistant, Lane, Crawford, Ld.

Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineering

Co. of H.K., Lid.................. Representative, Arthur & Co....... Assistant, H. K. & Shanghai Bank... Clerk, Carlowitz & Co........ Clerk, Wing On Bank, Ld. Director, H.K. & Canton Sanitary

Service

Sub-Manager, The Bank of Canton, Ld.. Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co....... Architect, Way & Hall

Manager, Peacock Motion Pictures Co.,

Inc.

Salesman, Lane, Crawford, Ld. Assistant, Gilman & Co., Ld..............

Insurance Manager, Commercial Union

Assurance Co., Ld.

Electrical Engineer, H.K. Electric Co.,

Ld.

Mercantile Assistant, Davie, Boag &

Co., Ld.

Quarry Bay.

2 Devon Road, Kowloon Tong. 8 Li Kwan Avenue, 1st floor. Diocesan Boys' School.

On premises.

Arlington Hotel.

4 Kung Yuen Road.

On premises.

Prince's Building.

504 Shanghai Street, Yaumati. Kowloon, on premises. 160 Hennessy Road.

199 Fa Yuen Street, Mongkoktsui.

50 Argyle Street, Mongkok.

65 Gloucester Road. On premises. On premises. Taipo.

Peninsula Hotel.

The Towers, 20 Broadwood Road.

Kowloon.

372 Prince Edward Road, On premises. On premises.

On premises.

68 Conduit Road. 24 Broadwood Road.

9 Seen Keen Terrace, Ground floor.

Quarry Bay.

On premises. 353 The Peak.

361 Hennessy Road, Top floor. On premises.

5A Arbuthnot Road, 1st floor. On premises.

11 Hing Hon Road.

37 Bonham Road, Top floor.

5 Village Villas, Happy Valley. 12 Kennedy Terrace.

12 Des Voeux Road Central.

2 Link Road.

H.E.C. Quarters, 1 North Point.

7 Suffolk Road, Kowloon Tong.

!

75

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

W-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Wei Lan-sang

Wei Tat

* Weill, Leo

Weill, Maurice Bernard

Weiss, Alfred

Welch, Paul

Wells-Henderson,

William Noel

Welsing, Edgar

...

Werra, Gernhard Karl.... Westwood, Ernest

William

White, Alexander Robert

James

White, Edmund Herbert

Patrick

White, Claud Ellsworth White, George

White, George Alexander...

White, John Paul

White, Kingsley

Howard Gordon

White, Norbert Leyburn. Whiteley, William Henry...

Whitham, James Percival

Whyte, James Jardine

Wiele, Hermann..

Wild, Richard Henry Wilkinson, Frederick James

Wilkinson, James

Willey, Frederick John

Williams, Henry Fisher

Williams, Tiffany Bernard Williams, George William

Williamson, Hugh Basil Willson, Charles Cyril

Wagstaffe

Wilson, Charles Robert...... Wilson, Daniel Godfrey......| Wilson, Peter Bruce

....

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld.. On premises. Assistant, Sang Kee

Share-broker, L. Weill & Co. Share-broker, L. Weill & Co..

Clerk, Carlowitz & Co. .....

Assistant, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld

Partner, S. E. Levy & Co. Manager, Import Dept., Melchers

& Co.

Manager, National Cash Register Co.

Mill Shifter, H. K. Mines, Ld.

Mercantile Assistani, Jardine, Matheson

& Co., Ld.

Assistant Accountant, H.K. & Shanghai

Hotels, Ld.

Manager, Far East Motors.

Lift Superintendent, Gloucester Hotel.. Meter Superintendent, China

Light & Power Co., Ld.

Assistant, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C.) Ld.

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire.. Manager, Der A Wing & Co., (1923)

Ld.

Acting Branch Manager, Sun Life

Assurance Co. of Canada Timekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineering Co. of H.K., Ld.

Merchant, Jebsen & Co.

Manager, South British Insurance Co. Assistant, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld.....

...

Cashier, Bosco Radio Corporation-... Timekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard &

Engineering Co., Ld.

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co. Travel Representative, American

Express Co., Inc. Assistant, Butterfield & Swire

Sub-Accountant, Chartered Bank of

India, Australia & China Engineer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld. Assistant, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews... Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld.

4A Des Vœux Road, Central. R.B.L. 218, Pokfulam. R.B.L. 218, Pokfulam.

1 Race Course Apartments. Knutsford Hotel, Kowloon.

Gloucester Hotel.

17-21 Chatham Road. Gloucester Hotel.

On premises.

303 The Peak.

300 Nathan Road, 1st fl., Kowloon, 27 Cameron Road, Kowloon. 41 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

Flat "C" Sub-station Building,

Kowloon Tong.

On premises.

On premises.

On premises.

16 Broadwood Road.

6 Sheko.

Quarry Bay.

Repulse Bay Hotel.

On premises.

10 Cumberland Road, Kowloon

Tong.

26 Johnston Road.

On premises.

On premises. Peninsula Hotel,

337 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon. On premises.

360 The Peak.

H.E.C. Qrs., 11 Causeway Hill. St. Joan's Court, Macdonnell Road. Seamen's Institute,

Gloucester Road.

X

76

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

W-Continued.

Wing Shiu-hai

Winter, Frank Bathie Witchell, George Bernard... Witkamp, Adrianus Wolf, George Morton

Dudley David.....

Wolfe, Joseph

Wolosh. Constantine Mark.

Wong, Allen

Wong Bing-lai

Wong Bor

Wong Chan-kuen

Wong Charles

Wong, Charles Pingui Wong Cheuk-tong.... Wong Chin-kit

Wong Chok-chow

Wong Chor-leung Wong, Fait-fone

Wong Fai-tong

Wong, Fred Victor

Wong, Haking

Wong, Harry

Wong, Hay... Wong, Henry

Wong, Herbert Charles

Percival....

Wong Hing-shuen

Wong Hon-kai Wong Hon-ming Wong Hui-wan Wong Ju-sun

Wong, James Ning Wong, Johuston.....

Wong, Joseph Chung-kong. Wong Kai-cho

Wong Kam-pui Wong Kam-to

Wong Kam-tong Wong Kang-sai Wong Katt-chiu

Wong Kie-kwong Wong Kim-wah

Clerk, Deutsche Farben

Handelgesellschaft

Banker, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Marine Engineer, Williamson & Co. Accountant, Java-China-Japan Lijn

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Assistant, Dairy Farm, Ice & Cold

Storage Co., Ld....

Merchant, Wolosh's Commercial Agency.

Clerk, Confederation Life Association

Assistant, Union Insurance Society

of Canton, Ld.

Manager, H. K. Sporting Arms Store

Contactman, Swan, Culbertson &

Fritz

Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Architect, Asia Life Building..

Clerk, Chartered Bank of India, Australia

and China

..

Clerk, Sander, Wieler & Co.

Clerk, National City Bank of New York Draughtsmau, H.K. Engineering &

Construction Co., Ld....

Assistant Compradore, Holland-China

Trading Co., Ld...

Clerk, Thomson & Co.............

General Manager, H.K. Rubber Manu-

factory, Ld.

Assistant, Asia Life Insurance Co....... Clerk, Lepack & Co.

Assayer, H.K. Mines, Ld.

Assistant Maintenance Engineer, China

Light & Power Co., Ld. Accountant, Sincere Co.

(Perfumery Mafrs.), Ld. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld.. Accountant, China Emporium, Ld.... Merchant, Wong Hui Wan....

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C ) Ld..| Secretary, Gande, Price & Co., Ld... Branch Manager, Columbia Films of

China, Ld.

Clerk, National City Bank of New York. Compradore, Holland-China Trading Co.,

Ld.

Clerk, Bank of Canton, Ld. Assistant Compradore, Banque Belge

pour l'Etranger (E.O.), S.A. Assistant, Seymour Sheldon & Co. China Clerk, Jebsen & Co.........

Contactman, Swan, Culbertson &

Fritz

pp. Accountant, Bank of East Asia... Clerk, Bell & Howell Co.

15 Old Bailey Street. Ardsheal, 357 The Peak.

231 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon. 26 Conduit Road.

On premises.

242 Prince Edward Road, Kowloon.

9 Salisbury Avenue, 1st floor,

Kowloon.

1 King's Terrace, Tak Shing St.,

Kowloon.

14 Tai On St., Sai Wan Ho. 545 Nathan Road, 2nd floor,

Kowloon.

9 Hillwood Road, Kowloon.

29 Jordan Road, Kowloon. On premises.

14 Queen's Road Central, 1st floor.

2 Staunton Street.

244 Apliu Street, 1st floor,

Shamshuipo.

18 Mongkok Road, Kowloon.

47 Fuk Wa Street, 1st floor,

Shamshuipo.

10 Jordan Road, 1st floor, K'loon. 11 Cumberland Road, Kowloon Tong.

5 Hoi Ping Road, Caroline Hill. 24 Pak Po Street.

235 Jaffé Road. On premises.

2 Austin Avenue, Kowloon,

30 Davis St., Kennedy Town. On premises. On premises.

15 Tin Lok Lane, 2nd floor. On premises.

16 Essex Crescent, Kowloon Tong.

12 Bonham Road. 10 Sampan Street.

10 Jordan Rd., 1st floor, Kowloon. On premises.

6 Devon Road, Kowloon Tong. 50 Ship Street, 3rd floor.

119 Hennessy Road, 3rd floor.

8 Duke Street, Kowloon. On premises.

10 Ying Fai Terrace, Caine Rd.

77

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

W-Continued.

Wong Kin-to Wong Kin-tsoi Wong King-fong Wong King-ko

Wong Kun-hoong Wong Kung-min

Wong Kwai-yin... Wong Kwok-king

Wong Kwong-yan Wong Long-chi

Wong Long-ying Wong Luen-fook Wong Man-fei

Wong Man-kit

Wong Man-to..........

Wong Moon-cheung Wong Pak-lai

Wong, Parkin..............

Wong, Peter

Wong Po-lun

Wong Shenk-lin..

Wong Shing-shu

Wong Shiu-bun

* Wong Shiu-chuen

Wong Shiu-kan Wong Shiu-wa Wong Shúi-hung Wong Shun-tak Wong Sik-chung

Wong Sik-kay

Wong Sik-kuen

Wong Sik-kwai Wong Siu-pan Wong Sui-ki Wong Sui-tai Wong Sun-man

Wong Sun-wing

Wong Sun-yee Wong Sung-ki

Wong Tai-cho

Wong Tak-wing Wong Tat Wong Tchek-sing..

Wong Theng-shan, Wong, Thomas Wong Ting-in

Wong Tsang-shau

Typist, Utoomal & Assudamal Co..... Assistant, A.S. Watson & Co. Ld. Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ltd. Salesman, Nestles Milk Products,

(China) Ld........

Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co. Clerk, Java-China-Japan Lijn, N.V..

Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co. Clerk, H.K. Land Investment & Agency

Co., Lư.

Clerk, Schmidt & Co.

Accountant, National Aniline &

Chemical Co., U.S.A.

Clerk, China United Lamp Co........ Proprietor, Tai Hung Printing Press. Assistant, Jardine Engineering

Corporation, Ld. Clerk, Chau Yue Teng Assistant, United Traders

Clerk, Eastman Kodak Co........ Clerk, Deutsche Farben-

Handelsgesellschaft

Compradore, American Express Co., Inc. Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld. Merchant, China Can Co. Assistant, Thomas Cook & Son, Ld. Overseer, Blackmore Basto &

Shank, Ld.

Clerk, Banque Belge pour

l'Etranger

Storekeeper, Caldbeck, MacGregor & Co.,

Ld.

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld.. Merchant, Wing Wah Drug Co., Ld... Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld.. Clerk, Hotel Cecil, La

Compradore, H.K. & Kowloon Wharf &

Godown Co., Ld. Compradore, Jebsen & Co..

Assistant Compradore, H.K. & Kowloon

Wharf & Godown Co., Ld. Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co. Assistant Compradore, Jebsen & Co... Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co., Ld. Clerk, Concrete Products, Ld. Clerk, Swedish Match Co. Assistant, H. K. Sporting Arms

Store

Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Manager, U. Spalinger & Co., S.A.

Architect and Manager, Hing Yip

Amusement Co., Ld.

Clerk, M. Beraha Compradore, Swedish Match Co. Draughtsman, China Light & Power

Co., Ld.

Clerk, Manufacturers Life Ins. Co.... Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co., Ld. Assistant, Union Insurance Society

of Canton, Ld.

Clerk, Insurance Co. of North America...

185 Hennessy Rd., Ground floor. 22 Fort Street, Ground floor. 165 Electric Road, 3rd floor.

28 Davis Street. On premises.

3 Fook Wah Street, 1st floor,

Shamshuipo.

On premises.

382 Hennessy Road, 1st floor. 92 Tai Po Road, Shamshuipo.

67 Peel Street, Top floor.

46 Elgin Terrace.

45 Bute Street, 2nd floor.

23 Maple Street.

54 Tak Ku Ling Road, 1st floor.

27 d'Aguilar Street, 2nd floor.

5 Gordon Road, Causeway Bay.

6 Tun Wo Lan.

19 Peiho Street, Shamshuipo. 38B Bonham Road.

525 Main St., Shaukiwan. 108 Thomson Road.

23 Keelung Street, 2nd floor.

1 Bridge's Street, 2nd floor.

3 Bonham Road, 2nd floor. On premises.

481 Hennessy Road. On premises. On premises.

31 Granville Road, Kowloon. 27 Bonham Road.

1 Middle Road, 3rd floor, Kowloon. On premises.

4 Gresson Street.

25 Cedar Street, Shamshuipo. 3 Woosung Road, Yaumati. 97 High Street.

1 Tsing Lin Terrace, 1st floor. 1 Yen. Wah Terrace.

6 Fook Kwan Avenue, Tai Hang

Road.

12 Fung Wong Terrace, 2nd floor,

Wanchai.

121 Argyle St., Homuntin. 97 High Street.

155 Fa Yuen Street, Mongkoktsui. 108 Old Main St., Aberdeen. 39 Kai Yan Road, Kowloon City.

29 Staunton Street. 86 Nam Chang Street, 1st floor,

Kowloon.

NAME IN FULL.

78

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

W-Continued.

Wong Tsao-ling Wong Tse-kwong Wong Tso-ting

Wong Tso-tong Wong Un-fong Wong Wah-ding

Wong Wan-kung

Wong, William

Wong, William Richard

Wong Wing-seen Wong Wing-yuet

Wong Yan-wing Wong Yat-hung Wong Yat-ming Wong Yat-ping

Wong Yew-mun Wong Ying-hang Wong Yiu-ki Wong Yue-kuen Wong Yuk-san

Woo Ho-ching Woo Woon-kui

Wong Woon-pui..........

Woo Yuk-fan........... Woo Ziang-mae Wood, James

Wood, John Bower

Wood, John Bred Woodcraft, Ronald... Wooding, Wilfred

Woolley, William John...... Worrall, Geoffrey Clare......

Wright, Arthur

Wright, Robert

Wright, William Morley Wu E-an

Wu, George-bong

Wu Kam-long

Wu Long-shan

* Wu, Paul..........

Wu, Selwyn Wu Siú-chee Wu, William

Wylie, Lindsay Moncur...

Wyllie, Roy Leslie.

Proprietor, "Mode Elite"

9 On Lan Street, Top floor.

Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co....... On premises. Clerk, Deutsche Farben-

Handelsgesellschaft

Civil Engineer, Siu Ho Ming...

Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co....... Assistant, H.K. Laud Investment &

Agenev Co., Ld.....

Civil Engineer, Little, Adams &

Wood

Assistant, National Carbon Co. Fed.

Inc. U. S. A.

Assistant Engineer, Kowloon Motor

Bus Co. (1933), Ld.

Director, The Sun Co., Ld......................... Assistant, Union Insurance Society

of Canton, Ld. Clerk, Wing On Bank, Ld. Shipping Clerk, Java-China-Japan Line.. Merchant, Wing Wah Drug Co., Ld... Clerk, British American Tobacco Co.

(China), Ld....

Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co................. Assistant Manager, Central Trading Co.. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Clerk, Java-China-Japan Lijn, N.V.. Clerk, H. K. Meat & Dairy

Produce Co.

Assistant, Thomas Cook & Son, Ld................. Storekeeper, General Electric Co. of

China, Ld.

Merchant, Wing On Fire & Marine

Ins. Co. Ld.

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld.. Accountant, S.E. Levy & Co. Surveyor, Goddard & Douglas Shipwright, H.K. & Whampoa Dock

Co., Ld.

Clerk, Schmidt & Co., Ld. Buyer, Malcolm & Co., Ld. Assistant Manager, Asiatic Petroleum

Co., (S.C.) Ld.

Assistant, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews Assistant, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews. Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Engineer, Jardine Engineering

Corporation, Ld.

Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard & Engineering

Co. of H.K., Ld..................

Marine Surveyor, Carmichael & Clarke... Accountant, China Travel Service..... Salesman, D. Gestetner (Eastern),

Ld.

Clerk, China Travel Service Dyer, Deutsche Farben-

Handelsgesellschaft

Clerk, Banque Belge pour l' Etranger

(E.O.), S.A.

Clerk, Raoul Bigazzi

Clerk, National City Bank of New York. Assistant Engineer, Palmer &

Turner

Banker, Hong Kong & Shanghai

Bank

Manager, Charles, Morgan & Co., Ld.

4 Tung Wong Terrace.

5 Hoi Ping Road, 3rd floor. On premises.

406 Hennessy Road, 2nd floor.

51c Conduit Road.

173 Fuk Wa St., 1st floor.

788 Nathan Road, 2nd floor,

Kowloon.

10 Ying Fai Terrace.

65 Wellington Street. On premises. 37 Tung Street. 481 Hennessy Road.

27 Peel Street, 3rd floor. On premises. On premises. On premises.

43 Shek Kep Mee Street.

218 Main Street. 3 On Lan Street.

ID Austin Road, 1st floor, Kowloon.

On premises. On premises.

7 Hankow Rd., 1st floor, Kowloon. On premises.

On premises.

7 Nanking Street, Kowloon. White House, Taipo.

On premises.

6 Suffolk Road, Kowloon Tong.

On premises.

Royal Court Hotel,

Observatory Rd., Kowloon.

Quarry Bay.

1 Leighton Hill Road. 10 Kennedy Terrace.

4 Leighton Hill Road.

542 Shanghai Street, Yaumati.

124 Queen's Road E.

37 Hennessy Road.

62 Fuk Wa Street.

16 Stanley Street, 2nd floor.

615 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

353 The Peak. 12 Kennedy Terrace.

+?

79

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

X

ADDRESS.

Xavier, Alberto Carlos. Xavier, Armando Maria

Xavier, Arnaldo dos Santos. Xavier, Bernado Maria Xavier, Carlos Maria..... Xavier, Cesario Maria

* Xavier, Domingos

**

Xavier, Eduardo Maria..

Xavier, Francisco Maria Xavier, Frederico Antonio... Xavier, Gabriel Sarrazolla... Xavier, Hermenegildo

Julio

Xavier, Hermenegildo

Maria

Xavier, Hypolito Maria

Favacho

Xavier, João Maria de

Jesus

Xavier, Joaquim Bernado Xavier, Joaquim Pedro.. Xavier, José Hermenigildo Xavier, José Hilario Xavier, José Maria

Xavier, Justino Maria

Nolasco

Xavier, Luis Augusto Xavier, Luiz Maria

Xavier, Michael Anthony

Xavier, Miguel Abella

Xavier, Paulo Maria

Xavier, Pedro

D'Alcantra

Xavier, Pedro Francisco

dos Santos

Xavier, Pedro Nolasco

Xavier, Renaldo Gustavo

Xavier, Ricardo Maria

Xavier, Vasco de Gama

Maria Xavier, Victor Maria....

Xavier, Viriato Maria

·

Assistant, Netherlands Trading Society... On premises.

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.. Clerk, General Electric Co. of China, Ld. Assistant, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co. Assistant Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld.

.....

11 Tung Cheong Bailding, ground

floor, Kowloon.

354 Prince Edward Rd., Kowloon. 19 Austin Rd., 1st floor, Kowloon. 8 Tung Cheong Building, K'loon.

On premises.

Tallyman, American President Lines, Ld. 4 Mosque Junction. Assistant, Hong Kong Printing

Press, Ld.

11 Tung Cheong Building,

Kowloon.

60 Macdonnell Road,

Clerk, National City Bank of New York. 10 Tung Cheong Building, K'loon. Merchant, Xavier Bros., Ld. Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld.

Assistant, Hong Kong Printing

Press, Ld.

Clerk, H.K. Tramways, Ld.

Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China

Clerk, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Runner, American Express Co. Inc.. Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.. Merchant, Xavier Bros., Ld Clerk, H.K. Tramways, Ld. Traffic Clerk, Imperial Airways, (Far

East) Ld.

Clerk, Nederlandsch Indische Handelsbank, N. V.

Clerk, Arnhold & Co., Ed. Assistaut, Nederlandsch Indische

Handelsbank, N.V.

Architect

Overseer, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.

Clerk, C. E. Warren & Co., Ld...

Managing Director, H. K. Printing

Press, Ld.

Assistaut, Caldbeck, MacGregor & Co.

Ld.

Assistant, H.K. Rope Manufacturing

Co., Ld.

Assistant, Hong Kong Printing

Press, Ld.

Clerk, H.K. Electric Co., Ld.

Clerk, H.K, & Shanghai Bank Assistant Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S.C.) Ld.

Assistant, J. Ullman & Co.......

763 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

1 Ningpo St., Yaumati.

1 Broadwood Road.

2 Grauville Road, Kowloon.

40 King Kwong Street, 2nd floor. 2 Mosque Junction.

1 Liberty Avenue, Homuntin. 60 Macdonnell Road.

1 Broadwood Road.

27 Kimberley Rd., 2nd fl., Kowloon,

18 Robinson Road. 97 Tai Po Road, Shamshúipo.

10 Tung Cheong Building, 1st fl.,

Kowloon.

64 Macdonnell Road. H.E.C. Quarters, 23 Ming Yuen. 5 United Terrace, Homuntin,

Kowloon.

11 Tung Cheong Building,

Kowloon.

354-356 Prince Edward Road,

Top floor, Kowloon.

18 Robinson Road.

13 Tung Cheong Building,

Kowloon.

12 Tung Cheong Building, Top fl.,

Kowloon.

7 Homuntin Street, Homuntin.

On premises.

10 Tung Cheong Building,

Kowloon.

80

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

Ya Man-lo

Y

Yang Ching-toh..

Yap Fui-sin

Yau Cheung-lau

Yau Hing-kwai Yau Kam-shing

Yau Pak-fei Yau Tak-wing Yee Choon-chan Yee Khin-seong.. Yee Wing-chun:

Yeh Cheng-sien

Yeh Shit-ying

Broker, China Cotton & Yarn Co.... 117 Robinson Road. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.)

Ld.

Clerk, Marsman H.K. China Ld.

Contactman, Swan, Culbertson &

Fritz

Export Clerk, Jebsen & Co. Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld.

Clerk, Wing On Bank, Ld. Director, Grand Dispensary, Ld. Clerk, Chase Bank

On premises.

228 Tung Choi Street, 1st floor,

Mongkok tsui.

127 Caine Road.

180 Wanchai Road, 1st floor. 123 Chun Yeung Street, Ground

floor.

On premises.

On premises. 25 Sand Street.

Secretary, Tung Lok Motion Picture Co. 10 Tin Lok Lane, 1st floor.

Clerk, Insurance Co. of North

America

Clerk, National City Bank of N. Y. Assistant, Insurance Co. of North

America

Yen Pai Orientee Yang.. Salesman, A. Vago

Yen Si-liang

Yeung Chupoh Yeung Fook-lam Yeung Fook-ping

Yeung Nai-yiu Yeung Shek-tin Yeung Shun-hang Yeung Sing-choy Yeung Tse-fong Yeung Wing-sek

Yew Man-chiú

Yick Soy-kwan Yik Kim-ping

Yin U-tong

Ying Ming Ying Toi-gin Yip Chung-kay Yip Chung-shu Yip Fancis

Yip Sik-hung Yoong Peter Edward

Young, Benjamin Alfred Young, Charles Young Chung-mow

Young Chun-yuen

Young, Frederick Charles... Young Kai-wing Young Kee-hung Young, Kenneth Philip Young On-lee Young Tsun-sen

Younghusband, Percy

Assistant, Sun Life Assurance Co. of

Canada

Manager, G. P. Young Co. Shipping Clerk, Java-China-Japan Line.. Clerk, British American Tobacco Co.,

(China) Ld.

Clerk, Alex Ross Motor Co. Sub-Manager, Wing Nam Jewellery. Clerk, Sin Ho Ming

Secretary, Western Trading Co., Ld........... Clerk, Java-China-Japan Lijn, N.V.. Clerk, British American Tobacco Co.,

(China) Ld.

Clerk, Texas Co. (China), Ld. Assistant, Far East Shipping Co., Ld. ... Clerk, Jebsen & Co.

Draughtsman, Blackmore, Basto

& Shank, Ld. Clerk, Carlowitz & Co. Clerk, F. A. Joseph Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co. Clerk, Sander, Wieler & Co. Sales Agent, National Cash

Register Co.

Assistant, Swan, Culbertson & Fritz Clerk, National City Bank of

New York

Assistant, J. M. Alves & Co., Ld.. Caretaker, Gloucester Hotel Clerk, Far East Oxygen & Acetylene Co., Ld. Assistant, Imperial Chemicals

Industries, (China) Ld. Dunlop Rubber Co., (China) Ld. Clerk, Fukien Trading Co. Assistant, China Underwriters, Ld. Assistant, J. M. Alves & Co., Ld.. Architect, Little, Adams & Wood.. Clerk, United Delivery Co., Ld.

Sworn Measurer, Sworn Measurer's

Office

18 Larch Street, 2nd floor. 340 Lockhart Road.

Chinese, Y.M.C.A. 187 Prince Edward Road,

Kowloon.

44 Causeway Bay Road.

61 Wellington Street, 2nd floor. 103 Gloucester Road,

5 Cliff Road, 3rd floor. 11 Wing Kut Street. 440 Prince Edward Rd., Kowloon 19 Ou Lan Street, 2nd floor. 10 Wing Hing Street, Ground floor. 103 Gloucester Road.

18 Pau Cheung Street.

3 Wing Wah Terrace.

12 Tung Choi Street, Mongkoktsui. 5 Austin Road, 1st floor,

Kowloon.

1 Marsh Road.

11 Po Yan Street, 3rd floor. 15 Lungkai Terrace, Tai Hang. 245 Lockhart Road, 3rd floor.

44 Johnston Road.

18 Matheson Street, 2nd floor,

Wanchai.

42 Nga Tsin Long Road.

24 Lockhart Road.

30/32 Mongkok Road, Top floor. On premises.

25 Lee Yuen St. W., 1st floor.

On premises.

4 Conduit Road, 2nd floor. 144 Des Voeux Road C. 56 Haiphong Road, Kowloon. 22 Po Hing Fong, Top floor. 2 Wood Road.

376 Prince Edward Road,

Kowloon.

On premises.

81

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

:

ADDRESS.

Y-Continued.

Yowkey, George

Yoxall, Walter Thomas.. Yozima Yasuzo

Yu Chik-yin

Yu Choi-leung

Yu Fook-che

Yu Fook-chin.......... Yu Tze-hing

Yu Wing-kee Yu Woon-man

Yuan-Kai Yao

Yue King-hung * Yue Ping-yin

* Yuen Cheung-wan.. Yuen Ging-yuk

Yuen Kam-chuen Yuen Kam-fan Yuen Kam-fui Yuen Kwok-ching Yuen Tat-ming Yuen Wei-yang Yung Chi-yim

Yung Hin-chiu

Yung Hin-shing

Yung Hok-ming..

Yung King-in

Yung Kwangty Yung Nai-foon Yusuf, Samet

Yvanovich, Philipe Antonio Yvanovich, Vicente

Antonio..

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., (S.C.) Ld. Banker, H.K. & Shanghai Bank Manager, Nippon Yusen Kaisha,

(Hong Kong), Ld. Secretary, Lepack & Co....... Clerk, H. K. Telephone Co., Ld. Secretary, Lai To Construction Co. Clerk, Lepack & Co.

Clerk, H.K. Telephone Co., Ld.

Clerk, Lloyd Triestino

Clerk, Insurance Co. of North America.

Assistant, Universal Pictures Corp.

of China

Clerk, Bornemann & Co... Clerk, James H. Backhouse, Ld.

Manager, Channel Trading Co. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

(S. C. Ld.

Managing Proprietor, Kam Chuen & Co. Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.. Clerk, Holland China Trading Co., Ld.... Clerk, Java-China-Japan Line Clerk, Chase Bank

Manager, China Can Co., L............. Clerk, Chartered Bank of India

Australia & China. Chinese Manager, Chartered Bank

of India, Australia & China Assistant, Uuion Insurance Society of

Canton,_Ld.................

Assistant, Kian Gwan Co. India, Ld.............. Clerk, Chartered Bank of India,

Australia & China

Clerk, Kian Gwan Co. India, Ld...... Assistant, U. Spalinger & Co., S.A. Clerk, H. K. Electric Co., Ld. Assistant, John D. Hutchison & Co.......

Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld...

On premises. 10 The Peak.

On premises.

22 Bonham Road, 1st floor.

21 Cheung Sha Wan Road. 217 Hennessy Road,

65 Caine Road.

21 Cheung Sha Wan Road, 3rd floor,

Shamshuipo.

18 Larch Street.

13 Fa Ynen Street, 2ud floor,

Mongkoktsui.

6 Stewart Road.

234 Gloucester Road.

18 Pak Po Street, 2nd floor,

Mongkoktsui.

109 Queen's Road East.

On premises.

29 Tang Lung Street, 3rd floor. 18 Eastern Street.

160 Hennessy Road, Ground floor. 5 Tung Fong Street.

149 Queen's Road West. 579 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

22 Stanley Street.

9 Robinson Road.

48 Bonham Road, 1st floor. 33 High Street, 1st floor.

10 Hung Hon Road. On premises.

1 Breezy Terrace.

458 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor. 17 Soares Avenue, Homuntin.

4 Kimberley Villas, Kowloon.

Z

Zaharoff, Victor

Zane, Paul

Zao Sian-zu

Zernin, Arthur Johannes. Zimmern, Andrew Zimmern, William Alfred...

Zing Ts-fang

Zschaeck, Herbert

Technician, Philco Radio

Distributors

Sales Agent, National Cash

Register Co.

Cashier, Optorg Co. (Malaya), Ld. .... Engineer, Chien Hsin Eng. Co., Ld... Assistant, Shi Yu Man, Esq.

Broker, F. Kew & Co.

Assistant Manager, China Travel

Service

Accountant, Reuter, Brockelmann &

Co.

4 Village Road.

77 Lee Garden Street, 1st floor. 70 Lockhart Road, 2nd floor. On premises.

1 Kennedy Road.

21 Cumberland Road, Kowloon

Tong.

71 Hillwood Road, Kowloon.

1 Hankow Road, Kowloon.

COUNCIL CHAMBER,

23rd March, 1939.

T. MEGARRY,

Clerk of Councils.

83

No.

2

1939.

HONG KONG,

TAXATION COMMITTEE REPORT.

PRINTED BY

NORONHA & CO., LTD., HONG KONG.

GOVERNMENT PRINTERS & PUBLISHERS.

:

85

TAXATION COMMITTEE REPORT.

(Page 4) List of Members of Committee.

(Page 5)

Letter to His Excellency the Governor.

(Page 7) Report.

II.

III.

Chapter I. Extract from His Excellency's address to the Legislative Council of the 13th of October, 1938.

Terms of Reference of Committee.

Details of Meetings.

IV.

Interpretation of Terms of Reference.

V.

Present Sources of Revenue.

VI.

Possible Increases or New Sources of

Taxation.

VII.

Conclusion.

(Page 19) Appendix.

86

LIST OF MEMBERS OF COMMITTEE.

The Honourable Mr. S. Caine, Financial Secretary, Hong Kong. Member of the

Executive and Legislative Councils, (Chairman).

Sir V. M. Grayburn, Kt., Chief Manager, Hongkong and Shanghai Banking.

Corporation.

D. J. Sloss, Esquire, C.B.E., M.A., Vice-Chancellor, University of Hong Kong.

The Honourable Mr. J. J. Paterson, Member of Executive and Legislative

Councils. Managing Director, Jardine, Matheson and Company, Limited.

The Honourable Mr. M. K. Lo, Solicitor. Member of the Legislative Council.

J. Fleming, Esquire, Chartered Accountant. Senior Partner, Messrs. Lowe, Bingham

and Matthews.

C. B. Burgess, Esquire, Colonial Administrative Service, (Secretary).

87

HONG KONG, 5th April, 1939.

SIR,

On 9th December, 1938, in pursuance of the intention stated in Your

Excellency's address to the Legislative Council on the 13th of October, 1938, we

were appointed by Your Excellency:

"to consider and report what methods of taxation could best be

adopted in the Colony, should it be necessary to raise additional revenue,

having regard to the Colony's general economic position and the importance

of distributing any additional burden in the most equitable manner in

relation to the incidence of existing taxation.'

35

We have the honour to submit our Report herewith.

We have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your Excellency's most obedient servants,

(Sd.) S. CAINE.

JOHN FLEMING.

V. M. GRAYBURN.

M. K. Lo.

D. J. SLOSS.

His Excellency,

Sir GEOFFRY ALEXANDER STAFFORD NORTHCOTE, K.C.M.G.,

&c..

&c..

&c.

89

Chapter I.

Extract from His Excellency's address to the Legislative Council

of the 13th of October, 1938.

.On the other hand, while the Colony is not likely to experience financial stringency this year or next, it is not to be expected that its revenues will maintain their present dimensions, partly fortuitous as they are, when Sino-Japanese hostilities come to an end. The prospect must be faced, therefore, that either the policies. represented by these developments of the social services must be reversed or more revenue must be found. The former alternative is, I hope, unthinkable as for the latter, it will not be seriously contended that this community is heavily taxed at present and I believe that I correctly interpret the sentiments of the majority in asserting that further taxation to provide the amount necessary to support and develop those policies could be borne without hardship, provided that fair and equitable means of levying it are found.

How that should be put into effect I am not prepared at this stage to say it is a subject for close expert examination. Our present sources of revenue are few and not very flexible. Moreover, owing to our special economic conditions, certain obvious sources of revenue appear to be ruled out; but I am sure that it would not be beyond our abilities to devise means of broadening the basis of taxation in the Colony. I intend, therefore, in the near future to appoint a committee to make a thorough, but I hope not prolonged, examination of this problem, which I believe to be, on a long view, the most important financial question now facing the Colony.

""

Chapter II.

Terms of Reference of Committee.

To consider and report what methods of taxation could best be adopted in the Colony, should it be necessary to raise additional revenue, having regard to the Colony's general economic position and the importance of distributing any additional burden in the most equitable manner in relation to the incidence of existing

taxation.

Chapter III.

Details of Meetings.

Six meetings were held between the 29th of December, 1938, and the 15th of March, 1939. No members of the public were called upon to give evidence at these meetings, but various Heads of Departments were consulted as occasion arose. The Honourable Mr. J. J. Paterson resigned from the Committee on the 6th of March, 1939, and is therefore unable to sign the report.

90

Chapter IV.

Interpretation of Terms of Reference.

1. We agreed that the terms of reference directed our attention to a con- sideration of the nature of additional taxation if circumstances should arise in which additional revenue were requisite. The responsibility for deciding when such circumstances were present rested upon Government and the legislature. We decided, however, that it was within our scope to make recommendations regard- ing the equitable distribution of the incidence of existing taxation as well as to suggest new methods of increasing the general yield, and that it would not be irrelevant for us to express our firm conviction that a strict attention to economy in administration should precede any attempt to expand the revenue of the Colony by means of additional taxation.

2. In this connection we wish to emphasise the high cost of Government provided education in the Colony as compared with the revenue derived from school-fees, etc. There exists a marked discrepancy between the cost of certain Government schools and that of corresponding institutions maintained by private enterprise.

3. We were impressed also with the magnitude of Government's commitments with regard to the pensions payable to Government servants. We realise, however, that any economy in this direction would involve a radical departure from previous. practice requiring the special approval of the Secretary of State for the Colonies.

Chapter V.

Present Sources of Revenue.

1. The following is a list of the main classes of revenue to be met with in the modern world.

(i) Fees and charges of a commercial character, including Post Office and.

Railway receipts, Water charges, etc.

(ii)

Land sales and rents.

(iii) Property tax, including land tax and rates on urban property.

(iv) Customs duties.

(v) Excise duties and similar revenue.

(vi) Internal Revenue, including licences, stamp duties, sales and turnover

taxes.

(vii) Poll tax.

(viii) Death duties.

(ix) Income tax.

(x)

Miscellaneous revenue, including royalties from public utilities.

2. The appendix is a summary of revenue as estimated for 1939 classified approximately under the above heads. Broadly, taxation in the strict sense is at. present confined to duties on imports, rates, estate and stamp duties, betting and entertainment duties and some licences. Most of the licences and fees, rents, land sales and the commercial receipts (Railway, Water and Post Office) must be regarded as outside the scope of increase of the kind envisaged in our terms of reference.

91

3. The following preliminary observations may be made on the above principal classes, regarded as potential sources of revenue in Hong Kong.

(a) Class I. Fees and Charges etc. These should, in the main, be governed by the cost of the particular service in question. We make recommenda- tions below regarding certain of these charges which we consider to be unreasonably low.

(b) Class II. Land Sales and Rents. Land sales are governed by commercial demand, and rents are governed by leases. Neither class, with certain We consider, minor exceptions, is susceptible of any deliberate increase. however, that the public's lack of knowledge as to the precise terms on which Government is prepared to renew leases about to fall due, and the increasing shortage of sites, may be the cause of some loss of revenue, We and, more important, may be holding up development generally. suggest that it might be remunerative for more money to be voted for the preparation of sites by Government.

66

(c) Class III. Property Tax. The important land tax in Hong Kong is the 'assessment' or urban rate, which yields about $6,000,000 or about one sixth of the total Colonial revenue. The present rate is 17%. We have made observations elsewhere on the possibility of increasing this rate and on the question of introducing a progressive element by charging a higher rate on domestic properties of more than some minimum value per occupant. (d) Class IV. Customs Duties. A general tariff has always been regarded as unpracticable in this Colony. Import duties are confined to a very few luxury or semi-luxury articles-liquor, tobacco and petrol. We have considered whether the rates on these articles could be increased and whether the list could be extended to include other luxury goods or articles. of general consumption.

(e) Class V. Excise Duties. These exist in the Colony in the form of duties on locally produced liquor corresponding to the customs duties. The opium monopoly may be classed as a form of excise. We realise that that cannot now be managed as a source of revenue, but we have considered an ex- tension of the duties mentioned above.

(f) Class VI. Internal Revenue. The imposts included in this class mostly constitute taxes on the actual conduct of business. The main sub-divisions are as follows :

i. Sales or Turnover taxes: These are at present unknown in this Colony. We cannot recommend their introduction. They would be difficult to collect and of very dubious effect on business.

ii. Stamp Duties: These are well-established levies on certain kinds of legal and financial business. We have considered whether they are sufficiently extensive and whether the rates are reasonable.

iii. Entertainment and Betting Duties: Additional revenue could be obtained

from these sources only by an increase in the existing rates.

We do

not recommend any increase in the Entertainment Duty but we discuss below a possible increase in the Betting Duty.

iv. Licences on commercial activities: (e.g. liquor and tobacco licences, boat licences, etc.) The question of increase turns on the existing extent and rates of these licences. These points we have considered, together with the possibility of a graded system of licensing general commercial activity, having approximately the effect of a business profits tax.

v. Licences on luxury or semi-luxury articles: (e.g. motor, radio, dog licences). We have considered the present incidence and the possibility of extension and increase of these levies.

(g) Class VII. Poll Tax: This does not exist in Hong Kong and is normally found only in primitive, undeveloped communities. The shifting population of this Colony probably makes any ordinary poll tax impossible, but we have discussed a poll tax on entry into the Colony, having regard to the repercussions of such a tax on the immigration problem.

92

(h) Class VIII. Death Duties:

Death Duties: A well-established Estate Duty exists in the Colony. We have considered its extension beyond the present limits and the possibility of an increase in the rates and of the introduction of Legacy and Succession duties.

(i) Class IX. Income Tax: We have considered at length the possibility of the introduction of an Income Tax or of various analogous Profits Taxes into the Colony.

6) Class X. Miscellaneous Revenue: We have considered whether increased (j)

revenue could be derived from public utilities-transport, electricity, gas, telephones, etc.-having due regard to the possibility of the public being involved in increased charges. We have also discussed the possibility of securing revenue from the introduction of other monopolies.

Chapter VI.

Possible Increases or New Sources of Taxation.

We wish to preface the particular conclusions arrived at in this chapter with certain general considerations which have guided our discussions :-

(a) We consider it inadvisable to add to the existing forms of taxation a multiplicity of new forms, which must be irritating and harmful to the freedom of trade and business which is so important to the Colony. Our recommendations accordingly advise either increases in the present forms of taxation or the introduction of new forms only when their advantages, whether by way of ease of collection, equity of incidence or probable yield, seemed to outweigh those general objections.

(b) We assume, from the very fact that a Committee has been appointed for this purpose, that the additional revenue, if and when it is needed, would be of substantial amount, and that we should accordingly direct our minds to indicating whence, if necessary, really substantial revenue could be obtained.

(c) We further assumed that the appointment of this Committee indicated an entirely proper desire to make plans in advance, not to wait for an actual immediate need to arise, and that we could, therefore, justifiably include in the scope of our consideration taxes whose imposition would require a preparatory period of some length and need not consider only those which could produce results at short notice.

A.

Suggestions Considered and Rejected.

new

On the above basis we propose first to set out certain proposals for imposts or the increase of existing taxes which we have considered and rejected; then to list certain increases which we do

do recommend and which, although individually small, may aggregate to a considerable sum; and finally to list certain measures any one of which appears to us capable of producing the substantial revenue which we assume was in mind.

Customs Duties.

(a) The question of a general customs tariff was considered and rejected as being, in view of the peculiar economic and commercial situation of the Colony, impracticable. We also rejected any increase in the tobacco duties, the largest item in this group, which bear mainly on the poorer classes. Experiments have already been made with an ad valorem duty on cigarettes, but we do not believe that any practical benefit could be obtained from a further application of this principle to the liquor and tobacco duties generally. Nor do we recommend any attempt to include other semi-luxury articles of consumption (among which radio sets have been suggested) in the present

{

93

system of import duties. We were informed that the possibility of a tax on salt had been considered previously, largely as a measure to assist the Chinese Salt Administration in controlling smuggling. The conclusion then reached, with which we concur, was that it was not worth while as a revenue measure, having regard to the cost of collection and the nature of its incidence on the poorer classes of the Colony.

Surcharge on Rates.

(b) We considered the charging of a "super" rate on domestic premises of more than a certain annual value, as a method of directing an increase of taxation towards the wealthier members of the community. Such a scheme would have the theoretical advantage of representing an approximate income tax, on the assumption that the value of a man's residence varies with his income. This assumption, however, is only very roughly true, since wealthy persons frequently live in modest dwellings. An obvious method of evasion by means of the sub-division of dwelling houses presents a further dis- advantage. We considered approximate figures and finally agreed that, in view of the small addition to revenue likely to be secured in practice, the imposition was not worth the general irritation it would cause.

Internal Letter Rate.

(c) We considered the question of raising the internal letter rate from 4 cents to 5 cents. The Postmaster General submitted a memorandum on the subject which caused us to reject this possibility, though we believe that an attempt to increase the already considerable profit shewn by the Post Office is not, in general, undesirable.

Marine Surveying Fees.

(d) We observed that the Government Marine Surveyor's fees were low as compared with the fees for similar services charged by private firms. Since the former, however, are based on Board of Trade Standards, we cannot advise any adjustment locally.

Motor Licences.

(e) We are unable to recommend an increase in the taxation of motor vehicles generally. The purchase of motor-cars should not be impeded. The appropriate increase in this sphere, if increase be indicated, should rest on motor spirit rather than on the vehicle: the effect of this on the owner being a more economical use of the vehicle which he is not discouraged from buying.

Death Duties.

(f) Any further revenue under this head should be obtained by an increase in the rates of Estate Duty rather than by the introduction of other methods of taxing property on death, e.g. Legacy or Succession Duties; but we consider the present rates, which were fairly recently increased to a maximum of 20%, high enough in the circumstances of Hong Kong, where the much higher rates prevailing in, e.g., the United Kingdom would add greatly to the incentive to evasion.

Business Licences.

(g) A general system of business licences was rejected because of the difficulties of collection, the hindrance it would present to freedom of trade and the unequal incidence of any flat-rate imposition of that kind.

Passenger Landing Fee.

(h) A passenger landing fee would bring in an immediate revenue but was rejected because it would be an irritation to visitors and tourists and would curtail the freedom of movement which is at present one of the attractions of the port.

94

Non-residents tax. Corporation Profits Tax.

(i) We considered a tax on non-resident shareholders and on general cor- poration profits but rejected such levies mainly on the grounds of their dis- criminatory nature. We shall discuss these possibilities more fully in dealing

with Income Tax.

Fees.

B. Minor Suggestions Recommended.

(a) School Fees. We were impressed, in our consideration of the fees derived from Government schools, by a comparison of the relation of fees to salaries obtaining in these schools with that shewn by a non-Government in- stitution. The fees of a representative Government School for European children-The Central British-represent only about 10% of the total ex- penditure, after allowing for pensions, passages, leave salaries and quarters, which together represent an addition of some 60% to the basic salary charges. The salaries of new entrants into the Government Education Service have re-- cently been reduced, but we consider that they are still high by comparison with the general level of local non-Government educational salaries. We realise, however, that this high level may be necessary in order to persuade teachers with adequate qualifications to leave England, although a further reduction might, nevertheless, be effected if prospective recruits were aware of the cheapness and advantages of life in the East, or if more locally- recruited masters were engaged.

With regard to fees, we consider that these should be raised considerably in the case of European schools, with, however, extended provision for scholarships and reduced fees to meet the needs of poor parents. Schools for non-Europeans present a more complicated problem. If the fees were kept high the class of the school might gradually be raised. The means of the parent, however, must not be neglected. We consider that the services of a board might advantageously be required to determine the scale of fees ap- propriate to both the school and the parent.

(b) Medical Fees. We have not made any detailed investigation but we believe that the practice of Government hospitals in charging fees appropriate. to the position of patients is less strict than that of non-Government institutions and we hope that a comprehensive review of the rates and incidence of such charges will follow the establishment of an Almoner's Department which is now in hand. The possibility of an increase in certain other fees for medical services might also be reviewed.

Betting Duty.

(c) Betting Duty. The present rate of the Betting Duty is 5% on sweep- stakes and 2% on pari-mutuel. We consider that both these rates might be increased without deterring the public from participating in sweep-stakes and pari-mutuel. We would deprecate, however, an increase of this duty having to be borne or shared by the Jockey Club. The Jockey Club, which is a purely social institution, earns no more than a reasonable profit, and we are informed that it will be faced with heavy expenditure in the future. Any increase, therefore, should be derived exclusively from the betting public. An additional 1% on the present pari-mutuel rate, and 1% or 2% on the sweep- stake rate should, after allowing the Jockey Club to retain its percentage as at present, produce approximately $100,000 on the basis of present conditions.

Utility Companies.

(d) The Telephone Company. We are informed that the present franchise of this Company is unsatisfactory in various ways both to the Company and to Government and we recommend that the possibility of revision in such a manner as to secure higher royalties for Government, while removing the features which are at present objectionable to the Company, should be in- vestigated in collaboration with the Company.

R

95

(e) Gas and Electricity Companies. These companies have de facto but not legal monopolies, the Gas Company in the whole Colony and the two Electric Companies on the island and the mainland respectively. They pay no royalties to Government and their charges are at present unregulated. We feel that they might legitimately be called upon to pay a reasonable royalty for their de facto privileges which could then be made de jure, and to submit to a regulation of charges; and that such a requirement could not be objected to as unduly prejudicing shareholders in these companies. It is not for this Committee to work out any detailed scheme, which would require negotiation with the companies, but as a basic principle we recommend a royalty calculat- ed with relation to profits in excess of some agreed minimum return on capital; the latter would of course be adjusted to the true value of the companies' undertakings and would not necessarily correspond to issued capital.

(f) Taxi Companies. We have discussed at some length with the Honourable Commissioner of Police the possible conversion of the taxi services into mono- polies on public utility lines, paying royalties to Government, and we consider that this is to be recommended in respect of the taxis which ply for hire on the streets, but that other public cars should not be so controlled. The -establishment of such a monopoly would require various safe-guards both for Government, for the maintenance of an efficient service to the public and for the companies. An extended system of inspection would probably be necessary. We suggest that tenders should be called for, as a preliminary step, after which the final terms of such a scheme could be considered more effectively. Some increase in the licence fees of public vehicles not plying for hire on the streets would probably be necessary to maintain equality of treatment between them and the taxis.

(g) Transport Companies (Buses, trams and ferries). We consider that the present arrangements should be left undisturbed. We observe, however, that the Tramways' royalty will increase to 25% of the company's working profits in the near future and that the royalties payable by the Ferry Companies are already increasing.

(h) Wharf Companies and other harbour interests. We consider that these should not at present be regarded as public utilities subject to any special taxation as in the case of other utilities which are in the possession of legal or actual monopoly privileges. The question may arise in the future if any form of Harbour Trust should be set up, but our opinion is that the possibility of securing additional revenue from the harbour interests should be sub- ordinate to the general question of the best future commercial development of the harbour, a question which Government has already announced its intention to investigate in the near future.

Import Duties.

(i) Import Duties. We consider that the duties on Liquor and Motor Spirit could be increased. The reaction of such an increase upon consumption has been considered, and we do not believe that a small addition to the present level of the tax should affect consumption adversely to such an extent as to reduce materially the resultant gain to revenue. Additional revenue might equitably be found here with little extra expenditure. The cost of collection of such forms of indirect taxation is relatively low, seven million dollars having been collected in 1937 at a cost to Government, as nearly as possible attributable to this head of revenue, of $300,000. An increase of up to $1,000,000 per annum might be secured from the duties on liquor and motor spirit. We have taken note of the recent decision to tax Diesel Engine fuel equally with petrol.

Rates.

C. Suggestions for Major Increases.

.

(a) The "assessment" or urban rate, which at present stands as 17%, yields annually about $6,000,000 or about of the total Colonial revenue. The present rate is lower than that cbtaining in Shanghai or in Singapore. 2% is, however, earmarked as water revenue and the amount strictly available for general purposes is approximately $5,300,000.

96

This form of taxation presented itself at an early point in our discussions as an obvious sphere in which considerable additional revenue might be found. A large part of the public expenditure incurred by this Colony is properly municipal expenditure and it would seem appropriate that an increase of this nature should be met by a raised assessment.

A suitable increase in the rate would, no doubt, yield extra revenue of the order we assume to be contemplated, e.g. an addition of 8% would produce about $3,000,000. It would be appropriate to a large section of local public expenditure and would present little difficulty in collection by com- parison with other forms of increased taxation. We believe, however, that the final test of its acceptability must lie in the justice of its incidence, a matter to which our attention is clearly directed by our terms of reference.

The burden of an increase in the rates would be likely to be divided in the first place between tenant and landlord. If there were a shortage of houses most of it might be shifted at once to the tenant; if there were a surplus the landlord might have to suffer it temporarily. In the long run most of it would probably be shifted to the tenant, since capital seeking investment in property would still expect more or less the same net return after deducting rates. The tenants or occupiers consist partly of business enterprises, on whom the effect would be to tax disproportionately those, e.g. factories and dock companies, whose businesses require a large area of land, and partly of private occupiers, predominantly the dwellers in tenement houses. On the private occupier the assessment acts as a very approximate income tax, which, however, bears more heavily in proportion to income on the poor than on the better off, instead of bearing progressively more heavily on the higher incomes, as is expected of a modern taxation system. An increase in the rates would, in fact, be what is called a regressive, rather than a progressive tax.

In so far as an increase of rates was not passed on to the tenant, it would constitute a tax on a particular class of investor, the landlord, and would be discriminating as between him and others deriving income from capital invested in the Colony.

We have also been impressed by the view that any increased taxation having the effect of forcing up rentals and/or comparatively overtaxing "pro- perty capital' may be expected to encourage the slums, the eradication of which is one of the purposes for which, we assume, Government expects to have to find further funds. Any tax must force the taxpayer to adjust his mode of living to a reduced net income, but a tax bearing directly on housing accommodation necessarily forces such adjustment into a socially undesirable channel.

Having regard to these considerations of inequity and social evils likely to arise from the incidence of an increase in the rates, we recommend that, in spite of ease and economy of collection and the size of the yield to be expected, this means to additional revenue should be regarded rather as a last

resource.

Corporation Profits Tax.

(b) A tax on the profits, or dividends, of public companies operating in Hong Kong is a second suggestion which, in common with an increase in the assessment, could be made to produce additional revenue of substantial amount. It is estimated that the profits liable to such a tax might be something like $50,000,000 per annum, yielding annually, at 5%, $2,500,000. It would present, however, some difficulties of assessment and collection and it is open to objection on the score of equity. The effective administration of such a tax would require expert scrutiny of companies' accounts by something like an embryo Income Tax Department. Evasion (i.e. illegal concealment of profits liable to tax) would probably be small, but extensive efforts at "avoidance" by devices within the law, e.g. transfer of registry, manipulation of accounts with associated companies outside Hong Kong, might be expected. No doubt such avoidance would be partly met by suitable safeguards in the law, and there would be a substantial body of company profits which would

97

be unable to escape tax; but only constant expert vigilance could prevent the gradual leaking away of much of that liability.

As regards incidence, such a tax must, at once or eventually, fall upon the shareholders. From the point of view of equity it is open, like a tax on landlords, to the objection that it differentiates unfairly between one group of investors, i.e. shareholders of Hong Kong companies, and others, i.e. those who have invested in property, private businesses or companies registered and operating outside the Colony. As compared with an ordinary income tax, a profits tax would be unfair also as between individual shareholders who would pay, not in proportion to their total incomes but in proportion to their hold- ings in Hong Kong companies.

Though such a tax is unjust in the sense that it is discriminative, we feel that it has at least the merit of spreading the burden over a wider class, namely, all shareholders, rather than settling it upon the more restricted class of landowners. It could, of course, be limited to non-resident share- holders, but attractive as that may be at first sight, we cannot convince ourselves of its equity, while such limitation would at once reduce the yield and open a new loophole for evasion through registration of shares in the names of resident "dummies".

It should finally be observed that this tax would leave unaffected, in so far as they are not shareholders in public companies, the salaried and professional classes, the landlords and the large body of private businessmen, whose opera- tions, although individually smaller in scale than those of big public companies, give rise to a large aggregate of profits.

Income Tax.

(c) Finally we considered the institution of an Income Tax. This is a standard tax in most Western countries, in the British Dominions and in India; and the only important territories in the Colonial Empire in which it does not exist in some form are the Gold Coast, Malaya and Hong Kong.

We are agreed that this direct form of taxation is the most logical, equitable and remunerative, and at the same time the least discriminatory, if it is capable of successful administration. It is unnecessary to argue the theoretical case for such a tax on grounds of equity and we have therefore devoted our considera- tion of this subject rather to its practicability. The grave doubts which are widely felt as to the possibility of its successful administration in this Colony may be summarised as follows:-

1. The economic and geographic situation of the Colony, which is more of a municipality than a country, presents many obvious loopholes for evasion.

2. The primitive system of book-keeping used by Chinese firms. would render fair assessments difficult if not impossible.

3. The migratory nature of the Colony's population, and the ex- tremely mixed taxable community with greatly differing standards of living, make Hong Kong unsuited to the tax generally.

4. Many benefits are still to be derived from preserving the Colony as a haven for "refugee" capital. The Colony's prosperity depends to a large extent on the fact that it is the entrepôt of China, a free port, without income tax and without excessive taxation. An unwise fiscal imposition may well upset this precarious prosperity.

5. So radical a departure in fiscal policy would give rise to a demand, now dormant, for popular representation.

6. The full effect of the tax, for one reason or another, would not reach the Chinese community. The European would bear the chief burden. and the Chinese escape or evade its incidence. Any differential treatment between races in this small community would be invidious and give rise to intense dissatisfaction.

7. The administration of an income tax locally would not be possible at an economic cost. A large and expert European staff would have to be imported.

98

8. An experimental Income Tax was introduced in the Straits Settle- ments during the war and was later abandoned.

9.

of small

Economic and industrial development-particularly of factories as yet in their infancy--would be seriously affected.

10. Much of the real burden of an Income Tax would, in effect, be borne by the United Kingdom Treasury, in the way of allowances and remissions.

11. Payment of Income Tax might dry up the flow of subscriptions to public charities, e.g. Chinese hospitals.

12. Finally, it is undesirable to pass a law capable of only partial enforcement.

On the other side, the following arguments can be brought against these misgivings.

1. In every country loopholes for evasion exist, and will always exist. But there are also certain considerable classes of income which can- not easily escape, e.g. income from property in the Colony, profits of companies registered in the Colony, salaries and pensions of the employees. of Government and other large employers. The real problem is, could evasion be kept within reasonable bounds? The same fears were expressed on the introduction of the tax in the United Kingdom and in other countries. and it is well-known that incessant vigilance is necessary to prevent evasion in those countries. The tax is, however, regarded as successful at home and there is no actual evidence that there is any greater tendency to evasion in Eastern countries than in the United Kingdom itself.

In this connection we have studied the original report, written in 1930, by Mr. H. J. Huxham, now Financial Secretary of Ceylon, on the possibility of Income Tax in Ceylon, and we have profited by a letter from him on the present working of the tax in that Colony, where evasion has not so far presented an insoluble problem. However, the position of Hong Kong may not be strictly analogous with that of Ceylon, and we consider that it is impossible to give a final answer to this objection without much fuller investigation.

2. This is in the main true, but is not by any means a final objection. The education of the community in the modern systems of accountancy would run concurrently with the early stages of the tax, exactly as has happened in the United Kingdom under the pressure of the need to satisfy the authorities of the accuracy of the taxpayer's own estimates of his income. By the time the tax was well established, this objection would probably have lost much of its force.

A

3. The migratory section of the population is, in general, precisely that section which would be exempt from the tax. Standards of living may, indeed, have to be reduced in some cases, but this in itself is not a relevant objection to this particular form of tax, however relevant it may be to the issue of whether to impose additional taxation at all. tax would become objectionable when its effect was to reduce the standard of living to an uneconomic and undesirable level. No result of this nature is contemplated in Hong Kong, if the usual scheme of allowances and exemptions is adopted.

4. The rates to be imposed in Hong Kong should not, we consider, be sufficiently high to drive away."refugee" capital and companies. It. might even pay to treat the income of non-residents from e.g. bank deposits particularly generously. In any event, diminished returns might well be accepted if attended by undiminished security.

5. This is quite a possible result although it is not one which has occurred on the imposition of the tax in other countries.

For example, direct taxation was never adduced, even in the most turbulent times, as grounds for agitation for popular representation in India. The collection of any given amount of extra revenue may well lead to a demand for popular control of finance, whether it is raised by Income Tax or by other

means.

AME

99

6. This argument is a particular aspect of point 1 and might have some force during the early administration of the tax. Careful preliminary investigation and adequate safeguards would be necessary. If the initial stages can be successfully passed there is no reason to believe that the increased agility of the evasive taxpayer will not be more than counter- balanced by the added experience of the income tax officers.

7. If an Income Tax is considered advisable on other grounds, the cost of administration should not be so heavy as to affect the question. In Ceylon, the cost has been about 4% of the yield. This cost would certainly require consideration in any preliminary investigation but it would naturally diminish after the inital years.

8. The experience in the Straits Settlements was too short, the powers given to the Revenue authorities too limited, and the circumstances during its operation too exceptional to enable any useful conclusion to be drawn from it.

9. The possible discouragement of factories is a sound economic objection, but factories could be compensated in other ways, e.g. either by an adjustment of rates as under the English Industrial Derating System, or by a general reduction in the assessment. Factories might well prefer an Income Tax, which would affect their profits only, to an increase in assessed rates which would be payable even when no profits could be shewn.

10. This point has not been felt as an objection in other Colonies or Dominions, the general view being that the Government of the country where an income arises has the first right to tax it. This Colony has, in the past, assisted the Imperial Government to a relatively greater extent than have other Colonies, particularly with regard to the Defence Con- tribution, and this objection should not carry much weight if the tax be considered advisable on other grounds. If it is the general wish that the Colony should assist the Home Government more generously, that can be done better, and under greater public control, by the voting of additional funds for the purpose in the annual Budget.

11.

It cannot be denied that private charity may be less generous if the wealthy have already paid an Income Tax, but it is regretfully noted that the stream of private charity is already showing a marked falling off; and the necessity of supplementing it by increasing Government subventions to private charitable institutions is one of the reasons why Government may have to raise further revenue.

12. The whole question turns on the possibility of administering the tax so successfully as to make it acceptable. The introduction of an In- come Tax has never originated in a theoretical effort to perfect the system of taxation, but in a stern need for revenue. If, therefore, additional revenue of considerable proportions is required, and if it is considered that an Income Tax will produce that additional revenue, the possibility of extensive evasion in the early years should not, of itself, suffice to withhold the imposition.

On a review of these pros and cons we feel, without necessarily regarding all the other objections as completely answered, that the really vital question is the possibility of effective administration under the conditions prevailing in Hong Kong.

Before going further, certain other points arising out of the possible institution of an Income Tax require consideration. Having regard to the necessary minimum cost of an Income Tax Department it would be uneconomic to impose it at a very low rate; and it would probably be found that the maximum rate should eventually be put at 10%. We consider, however, that the tax would be more easily ac- cepted and less liable to evasion if the maximum rate on its first institution were put at 5%. Even at that low rate, and allowing for reasonably generous personal, family and other allowances, but always assuming effective administration, the existing very imperfect statistics of the income of the Colony suggest that the yield might be of the order of $5,000,000 per annum. That is, we hope, a larger sum than the Government is seeking to raise at once as additional revenue.

The

100

imposition of an Income Tax would no doubt be followed by remissions in other forms of taxation. That would, of course, offer the opportunity of a further simplification of the taxation system and render possible the abolition of various minor irritating taxes, besides making quite unnecessary any of the "minor" in- creases referred to above.

Our conclusion is that the advantages of an efficiently administered income tax over other forms are overwhelming from the point of view of equity, and that, if it be considered that the tax is capable of successful administration in the Colony, it should be imposed as soon as additional revenue on a substantial scale becomes a necessity. In view, however, of the undoubted force of many argu- ments opposing the introduction of the tax locally, we must qualify our

qualify our recom- mendation in five ways:

(a) We must not be taken as expressing the opinion that such substantial extra revenue is actually necessary; in so far as more revenue is needed. owing to the growth of the Colony that very growth is likely automatical- ly to increase the revenue, while it is outside our province to consider how far it may be needed to finance new or improved services.

(b) The possibility of the successful working of the tax should first be the subject of a detailed investigation with the assistance of an expert, pre- ferably familiar with the collection of the tax in an Eastern country.

(c) The imposition of the tax involves a new departure in fiscal policy. We assume that it would not be passed through Council by the use of the official majority and that unofficial members of Council will expect to re- ceive, before agreeing to the imposition, some indication of the heads of expenditure to which its yield will be applied.

(d) We feel that it would be unwise to impose a tax

substantial body of opinion in the Colony believes levied fairly and efficiently.

of this nature until a

that the tax that the tax can be

(e) The imposition of Income Tax should to some extent be compensated for

by the remission of other forms of taxation.

Chapter VII.

Conclusion.

1. The minor suggestions which we have recommended in Chapter VI B should give an aggregate yield of at least $500,000 per annum, and possibly as much as $1,000,000.

2. If revenue in excess of this figure is required we recommend recourse to one of the three proposals in Chapter VI C. Of these, we believe that an Income Tax would distribute the burden most equitably if it could be effectively ad- ministered and evasion kept within reasonable bounds.

3. Therefore, if Government is satisfied that, after allowing for possible economies, substantial further revenue from taxation is likely to be required within the next few years, it would appear desirable to institute a special expert enquiry into the practicability of Income Tax in the Colony, under the Chairmanship, or at least with the assistance, of a man experienced in the administration of the tax in an Eastern country.

— 101

We should like to express our cordial appreciation of the work of our Secretary, Mr. C. B. Burgess, in the preparation of material for our consideration and the drafting of this Report.

APPENDIX.

S. CAINE.

JOHN FLEMING.

V. M. GRAYBURN.

·

M. K. Lo.

D. J. SLOSs.

PRINCIPAL CLASSES OF REVENUE.

(as in 1939 Estimates)

1.

Fees and Charges of Commercial Character.

$

$

%

Post Office

2,927,000

Kowloon-Canton Railway

1,784,000

Water Charges

2,096,000

Post and Harbour Dues

600,000

Sale of Sand

210,000

Miscellaneous Fees and Reim-

bursements

2,251,970

9,868,970

28.0

2. Land Sales and Rents.

Land sales (Premia of New

Leases)

750,000

Rent of Government Property,

Land and Houses

1,834,000

2,584,000

7.3

3. Property Tax.

Assessed Rates

6,212,000

17.6

4. Customs Duties.

Import Duty on Liquor

1,500,000

Import Duty on Perfumed Spirits

120,000

Import Duty on Motor Spirit

900,000

Import Duty on Tobacco.

4,600,000

7,120,000

20.2

5. Excise, etc.

Duty on locally manufactured

spirit

1,250,000

Opium Monopoly

350,000

1,600,000

4.6

Carried forward

27,384,970

Brought forward

6. Internal Revenue.

102

€A

27,384,970

do

Stamp Duties

2,300,000

Entertainment Tax

300,000

Bets and Sweeps Tax

200,000

Motor and motor drivers licences

395,000

Motor-Foreign Registration Fee.

80,000

Wireless Receiving Lictnces

135,000

Other Licences

1,028,750

4,438,750

12.5

7. Poll Tax.

8. Death Duties.

Estate Duty

1,250,000

3.6

9. Income Tax.

10.

Miscellaneous Revenue,

Royalties from Public Utilities

(Including Ferry Licences).... 1,033,401

Radio and Telegraph Concession

250,000

Interest

110,000

Fines and forfeitures

205,000

Widows' and Orphans' Pensions

Contribution

435,000

Other receipts

150,500

2,183,901

6.2

35,257,621

100

m

I

.

103

No.

3

1939.

HONG KONG.

REPORT

BY THE

LABOUR

OFFICER

MR. H. R. BUTTERS

ON

LABOUR AND

LABOUR CONDITIONS

IN HONG KONG

PRINTED BY

NORONHA & CO., LTD., HONG KONG.

GOVERNMENT PRINTERS & PUBLISHERS.

105

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER.

1. General Introduction

2. China

3. Societies in Hong Kong

:

:

:

4. History of Social Legislation in Hong Kong.....

5. Legislative Interference with Freedom of Contract, and

PARAGRAPHS.

1-24

25-46

47-65

66-93

Emergency Legislation

94-113

6. Factories and Workshops

114-138

7. Wages and Cost of Living

139-159

8. Housing

160-179

9. Accidents, Medical Treatment and Compensation

180-202

10.

Education

203-213

11.

Cases

214

12. Summary and Recommendations

215-241

107

REPORT ON LABOUR AND

LABOUR CONDITIONS

IN HONG KONG.

by

Mr. H. R. Butters, Labour Officer.

General Introduction.

1. The Colony of Hong Kong is situated between latitude 22° 9′ N. and 22° 37′ N. and longitude 113° 52′ E. and 114° 30′ E.* It consists of the island of Hong Kong (32 square miles) and, across the harbour from the City of Victoria, a stretch of mainland to the North including the peninsula of Kowloon, New Kowloon (together 18.7 square miles) and the New Territories to which belongs a number of islands, one of which, Lan Tau, is larger than the island of Hong Kong and is about as sparsely populated as Hong Kong was when ceded to Britain in 1841. The total area of land is about 391 square miles (249,885 acres), mostly hills; only 46,080 acres are cultivated.

2. Hong Kong is geographically a part of China and is connected with Canton by a railway, a road of sorts opened in the emergency of 1937, when the Colony's road system was connected with that of Kwangtung by a bridge over the Sham Chun river, and several steamship lines.

3. The climate is hot and humid in summer and dry and cool in winter with a range of temperature from about 95° F. to 40° F. The average rainfall is $5 inches. Arable land is seldom out of cultivation while in the towns the climate enables a portion of the population (the "street sleepers') to dispense with hous- ing accommodation during most of the year, and a labourer's summer clothing may consist of a pair of cotton trousers with or without a singlet.

4. The population according to the Census to 1931 was 849,751 and on the basis of the increase during the previous decade is estimated at 1,006,982 in 1937. To this arithmetical increase must be added some quarter to half million refugees from the present hostilities in China.

5. The population in 1931 was distributed as follows:

Island of Hong Kong

Kowloon Peninsula

New Territories

Population afloat

Males.

Females.

Total.

247,967

162,954 410,921

146,618

118,057 246,675

50,147

48,758

98,905

47,126

28,124

75,250

491,858

357,893

849,751

Of these nearly 97% were Chinese. Of the civil population 97.7 were Chinese.

6. The population of the New Territories is a settled population evenly divided into males and females living in village communities and supported mainly by primitive rice cultivation. The bulk of the remainder is concentrated in the urban area of Hong Kong island, including the City of Victoriat built on the lower hill slopes and reclamations on the nothern shore, and in Kowloon, where the foot- hills have been levelled.

* Vide_section 39 of the Interpretation Ordinance No. 31 of 1911. The figures given yearly in the Annual Report on the Social and Economic Progress of the People of the Colony of Hong Kong appear to refer to Hong Kong prior to the lease of the New Territories in 1898.

The "City of Victoria" or "Victoria" is never so described in common speech but as “Hong Kong.

Hereafter in this Report where "Hong Kong" is not obviously used to describe the Colony as a whole it will mean Hong Kong island, and in particular the urban portion thereof.

- 108

This population is to a considerable extent transient. The males exceed the females in number but the disparity, which in 1931 was small in comparison with previous Census years, continues to decrease as the Chinese labourer inclines to make his home in the Colony rather than to sojourn for purposes of work leaving his wife and children in the country and returning there when out of employment. Certain local associations, however, instead of employing the words "Hong Kong" in their name still use "Kiu Kong" meaning that their members regard themselves as only temporarily resident in Hong Kong. Here they have no abiding home. And by Chinese law based on the jus sanguinis, persons of Chinese race,

even if barn in Hong Kong, are regarded as Chinese subjects. Such persons have there- fore dual nationality.

7. There is normally a daily ebb and flow of Chinese population amounting to about 8,000. In 1936 the daily average in respect of Canton alone was 2,442 arrivals by rail and 2,033 by river, and 2,303 departures by rail and 2,169 by river. The immigration of Chinese is in practice unrestricted. Most of the immigrants come from Kwangtung Province. For a number of years there have been Shanghai workers in the silk factories in Kowloon and the Sino-Japanese hostilities have caused the transfer to Hong Kong from various parts of China, especially Shang- hai, of factories together with their specialized employees. Certain occupations also traditionally recruit their workers from particular districts.

8. Hong Kong has little agriculture and that merely village cultivation. Its fishing industry is primitive and inadequate to meet its requirements.† Its mineral resources are believed not to be great the report on the geological survey under- taken in 1923 by the late Mr. R. W. Brock has not yet been received. Hong Kong depends for its prosperity on its position and function as a port and entrepôt for South China. Four-fifths§ of its external trade is such re-export.

9. As the Economic Commission* reported in 1935, "The real basis of the Colony's commercial existence is, and must continue to be, the handling of the trade of China" and the staple industries are connected directly or indirectly with shipping, and ship building and repairing. In the absence of mineral resources there is little prospect of other development in heavy industry. Sugar refining,. rope making, and ginger preserving (a purely seasonal trade), and cement manu- facture are established industries of lesser importance. Of recent years there has been a growth of knitting factories and works for the manufacture of electric torches and batteries and rubber shoes. Many such articles are made of Empire material and enjoy Imperial preference.

10. Of the total population of 849,751 in 1931, 470,794 were occupied in pursuit of gain. Of those so occupied :

111,156 were occupied in Manufacture‡.

71,264

64,430 97,026

وو

وو

وو

Transport and Communication. Fishing and Agriculture. Commerce and Finance.

The gainfully occupied constituted 71.28% of the male population and 27.58% of the female, together 52.87% of the whole population. Of the male employees 19.5% including 21,500 carrying coolies were engaged in transport and communica- tion, 15.3% including 13,000 hawkers, in commerce and finance, 14% in personal service including 32,579 in private domestic service. In the primary productions, agriculture and fishery, only 5.1% and 4.4% were respectively employed.

+ The only modern fishing boats are fifteen Japanese trawlers which make Hong Kong their base.

§ The Honourable Financial Secretary informs me that he regards this figure, which is taken from the Report

of the Economic Commission, as exaggerated.

* "Commission appointed by His Excellency the Governor of Hong Kong to inquire into the Causes and Effects of the Present Trade Depression in Hong Kong and make Recommendations for the Amelioration of the Existing Position and for the Improvement of the Trade of the Colony." Sessional Paper No. 3 of 1935. Described briefly in this Report as the "Economic Commission.'

The term appears to

But see number of employees in registered factories and workshops, paragraph 121.

be employed in its widest sense.

*

109

11. Of the females 28.5% (or 28,088) were engaged in personal service and 24.8% (or 24,468) in agriculture and 7.3% in fishing. Those employed in tran- sport and communication were 12.6% including 4,390 carrying coolies and 7,841 boatwomen. Textile workers were 5.3%.

12. In respect of child labour the following figures were given.

5-10 years

11-13 years

Totals

Grand

Occupation.

Totals.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

Fishermen

128

102

738

572

866

674

1,540

Agricultural Occupations

147

172

383

703

530

875

1,405

Persons employed in Transport

and Communication

79

96

511

497

590

593

1,183

Persons engaged in Personal

Service

89

316

478

316

567

883

Out of a total in all occupations

of

363

508

2,367

2,515 | 2,730 3,023

5,753.

The largest figures are in respect of fishing and agriculture which are family occupations in which children assist their elders. So transport and communication include children assisting their parents on boats and barges. The statutory minimum age of female domestic servants is now twelve (see paragraph 86).

13. Since 1931 there has been a great development in local industry, and the number of registered factories and workshops has increased from 403 in 1933 to 829 in 1938. While most of the heavy industry such as the docks, cement works, and sugar refinery and the established public utilities, such as Hong Kong Tramways, Electric, Gas and Telephone Companies, are European owned and managed, with, of course, Chinese shareholders in the case of public companies, more recently founded. companies, like the bus companies and most of the factories, are purely

Chinese.

14. Owing to the hilly nature of the Colony, land suitable for building and convenient for factories is dear, land charges being three times higher than on the outskirts of London*. Most of the factories are situated in Kowloon, and a large number has been erected in the North Eastern district of Hong Kong. But many factories commence and frequently continue operations in tenements designed for housing purposes only, and such are to be found in many residential areas.

15. As a great entrepôt with a deficiency in primary products and compara- tively few manufacturers Hong Kong has maintained a free trade status, import duties being imposed only on liquor, motor spirit, perfumed spirits, and tobacco.† The economic dependence of the Colony on China was stressed by the Economic Commission which attributed the trade depression of 1935 in part to the erection of a high tariff wall by China while Hong Kong with little raw materials or agriculture was unable by tariffs to defend itself and its standard of living. Hence the Com- mission insisted "Social reforms based on Western models should only be introduced into Hong Kong in reasonable conformity with those enforced in neigh bouring countries" and again "The introduction of legislation for the betterment of working conditions should be cautious and not over ambitious, lest it defeat itself."

*

Appendix II to Report of the Housing Commission 1935.

+ There is a special licensing fee of 15% value in respect of foreign motor cars when first registered.

110

16. Hong Kong must therefore be regarded as geographically and economically attached to China from which it is separated politically as a British Crown Colony administered by a Governor with the assistance of an Executive and a Legislative Council of the former of which there is one Chinese member out of nine (six officials and three unofficials) and of the latter three out of seventeen (nine officials and eight unofficials, one of whom is nominated by the Justices of the Peace and another by the Chamber of Commerce) all appointed by the Governor, there being no popular representation. (The Secretary for Chinese Affairs who is a member of both Legislative and Executive Councils represents the Chinese point of view, and in addition to the advice of the Chinese members of Council has the assistance of several Chinese committees. The Urban Council, which, subject to an overriding power in the Legislative Council, has power to make by-laws under the various Health Ordinances and the Factories and Workshops Ordinance, has four Chinese members out of thirteen, five of whom are ex officio, six appointed by the Governor, and two elected. The influx of Chinese into Hong Kong is caused not only by the search for work which is frequently not available and the possibility of which must in the nature of things be limited, but by the pursuit of the benefits of law and peace and the flight from insecurity. Many wealthy Chinese find Hong Kong a suitable place of retirement. The result of this excessive immigration is over-population, housing congestion, poverty, disease, unemployment and an unlimited supply of unskilled labour,

17. Although immigration is in practice unrestricted and persons of Chinese race (which term is undefined) are exempt from the provisions of the Registration of Persons Ordinance No. 3 of 1934 and from the provisions dealing with passports and travel documents of the Immigration and Passports Ordinance No. 8 of 1934, Part I of that Ordinance provides for the examination of immigrants and landing restrictions, and enumerates various classes of persons who may be prevented from landing or expelled, which include those who cannot show that they have definite employment awaiting them, or that they have a reasonable prospect of obtaining employment or that they have in their possession, or are physically able to the means of decently supporting themselves and their dependants, or who are likely to become a charge upon the public or any public charitable institution. More- over, under Regulation 4 of the Emergency Regulations, persons who appear to the Commissioner of Police to have no regular employment may be summarily expelled from the Colony, as was done during the strike and boycott of 1925-26. It is understood that this regulation is being rescinded.

earn,

18. It is difficult to see how with Hong Kong's proximity to China immigra- tion can be successfully controlled. Even criminals and undesirables deported under the provisions of the Deportation of Aliens Ordinance No. 39 of 1935 are frequently not deterred from returning by the possibility of a year or more imprison-

ment.

19. Excessive immigration depresses the standard of living of the workers, and with the impossibility of a tariff defence it is feared by many, such as the Economic Commissioners, that any improvement in working conditions will in economic com- petition with a less socially developed China end in depriving the workers of work and that, as it has been expressed, excessive factory legislation may leave the Colony with the legislation but without the factories.

20. In contrast with the unrestricted immigration of Chinese into Hong Kong it is of interest to note the control exercised over their emigration as labourers through Hong Kong to other places by the Asiatic Emigration Ordinance No. 30 of 1915, which provides that no emigrant ship shall carry other than free emigrants, that is emigrants who are not under a contract of service, or proceed to sea without a certificate from the Emigration Officer. All emigrants must be medically inspected.

21. With the large supply of labour available there is no question of forced or conscript labour, and ordinarily no necessity to go beyond the Colony to recruit, and no occasion has been found to develop labour exchanges although one or two small privately owned employment bureaux exist. The non-local labour in the

111

Colony is specialized labour brought to the Colony with the transfer thereto of certain industries, such as silk weaving from Shanghai and more recently banknote printing and the manufacture of wireless apparatus. Certain employers of such labour have contracted to repatriate it on discharge. There is no legal provision for repatriation except in a regulation of the Miscellaneous Licences Ordinance No. 25 of 1933, the application of which regulation is confined in practice to Shanghai dancing hostesses. A small number of specialized Indian labourers was recruited for the construction of the Shing Mun Dam, but such importation of labour is very rare.

When trade in the Colony is bad many labourers return to their

homes in China.

22. Although the great majority of factories is situated in urban and sub-urban areas, well furnished with roads and bus services and a tramway from end to end of the urban area in Hong Kong and ferry services between Hong Kong and Kowloon, most workers cannot afford transport expenses and are compelled to live in proximity to their place of employment. Certain of the larger employers provide housing accommodation near their works.

This concentration of population may be undesirable from a health point of view, but until town planning and proper zoning are instituted little can be done in the matter. Section 49 of the Tramway Ordinance No. 10 of 1902 provides for workmen's cars and workmen's tickets. Various difficulties appear to have been experienced in the working of the section, and no workmen's tickets have been sold since 1913.

23. The housing of labourers in lines at the New Territories mines presents a different problem and will be dealt with in a later paragraph.

24. The working classes are immune generally from direct taxation. They are subject to the incidence of such indirect taxation as tobacco duties (1939 Estimates-

4,600,000) and the most productive form of revenue, assessed taxes (rates), $6,212,000) affects their rent, as although the rate (at present generally 17 per cent.) is an occupier's rate, in the case of tenements used by the labouring classes it is paid by the owner and recovered in the rent. In the matter of indirect taxa- tion it may be noted that the Bus Companies, the Hong Kong Tramways and the Hong Kong and Yaumati Ferry Company all pay royalties to Government.

China.

25. China has an estimated population of 450,000.000 and is the largest reser- voir of labour in the world. For centuries it enjoyed the benefits of a stable civilization without hereditary aristocracy or castes, where the scholars became the rulers as the result of a competitive examination, as administrative officers were once chosen for the Eastern Colonies, and the subordinate classes were the farmers. artisans, and merchants, in that order. Laissez-faire was exalted to the principle that the government governs best that governs least, and Confucius inculcated that social order depends on every man knowing his place and acting accordingly.

26. It is estimated that at least three quarters of this population live a hand to mouth existence and the average individual wealth is about one five hundredth that of a citizen of the United States of America. The population

The population is mainly agricul- tural, but flood, famine, and war have driven increasing numbers into the industrial labour market. Ancestor worship, the maintenance of the male line, and the belief that of all unfilial things the greatest is to have no posterity, led to over-population which made Dr. Sun Yat Sen exclaim "At present China is suffering from over- population which will bring impending danger in its wake. How are we to appease the hunger of swarming millions?" Families are large and the standard of living low. Uncurbed procreation with the inability at times to support the offspring has led occasionally to infanticide in the case of female infants and more frequently to their sale as "mui-tsai." This problem will be referred to later.

27. China has been described as not a state but a society, and the Chinese as a familial and not a political animal, "society being merely the family writ large. The family as the basis of society has been not inappropriately referred to as a com-

112

munistic unit with "Do what you can and take what you will" as its guide. This accounts for the ability of the individual both in China and Hong Kong to survive periods of distress in the absence of poor relief, unemployment benefit or old age pension. Devotion to the family at the sacrifice of truth, justice, and loyalty to the state bred the vices of nepotism and corruption. China had many moral philosophers but no metaphysics. With the preservation and perpetuation of the family exalted as the supreme end of man, anything that appeared to be conducive thereto was inevitably regarded as virtue. The enrichment of one's self and one's relations was not only the perquisite but the duty of the ruler. It belonged to his status. In modern times union officials have frequently shown themselves suscepti- ble to the influence of tradition.

28. Agitation by the governed for reform was as improper and contrary to the nature of things as for the governors to interfere in the private life of the governed. The result was a static society where the virtues of toleration, compromise, and acceptance of the rightness of things as they are, throve as helpful to survival.

29. The family merged in the clan. There are to this day in Hong Kong associations of men with the same surname. And in China there were guilds and societies many of them secret, the most famous or

or notorious being the Triad Society or Heaven and Earth Association*. It was traditionally established in A D. 1674 and its object originally was to overthrow the Tsing Dynasty or Man- chus and restore the Ming Dynasty. It possessed an elaborate ritual based on the fabulous history of its founders, which is described in considerable detail in Stanton's book. It was concerned in most of the rebellions in China for over two hundred years, and has survived the overthrow of the Manchus, its professed raison d'être, and either substituted as its object the overthrow of imperialism or degenerated into simple racketeering. Gangs of bullies who sell "protection" frequently bind themselves together in a debased imitation of Triad forms.

30. The guilds divided society vertically not horizontally as do the modern trade unions. The apprentice in a handicraft guild might in time become a master and influential in the regulation of his trade. The guilds were supreme within their own respective trades but did not concern themselves with the Government of the country. Some of the powerful commercial associations had branches in all important towns to which their members when travelling might go as to a club.

31. Into this civilized and cultured but mediæval society with its clans and guilds and secret societies broke the western world of the nineteenth century Swollen with the industrial revolution. China resisted, accepted, and imitated. Before the end of the century cotton factories were erected in Shanghai and China. came to be known as an employer's paradise with plentiful, cheap, and industrious labour. In these factories owned by Chinese, Japanese, and European companies child labour was common and the old arguments were resurrected in defence of the practice.

32. Dissatisfaction with the incapacity of the Manchu Government took the traditional form of the formation of more secret societies. The "Society for the Regeneration of China" or Hsin Chung Hui was founded by Dr. Sun Yat Sen in Honolulu in 1894 with the avowed object of driving out the Manchus and regen- erating China. The headquarters of the Society were later transferred to Hong Kong. In 1905 the Hsin Chung Hui combined with other revolutionary societies to form the Tung Meng Hui. The purpose of the new society was to expel the Manchus, regenerate China, establish a republic, and enforce land nationalization. The revolution, which was finally successful, started on 10th October (now Chinese National Day) 1911, and Sun Yat Sen became Provisional President on 1st January, 1912. In 1912 the headquarters of the Tung Meng Hui were moved from Tokyo to Nanking, and the party was re-organized with Sun Yat Sen as director. By this time the party have adopted state socialism and international equality among its professed objects. Later in the same year the Tung Meng Hui combined with certain other political parties to form the Kuomintang, from whose profession of policy state socialism was dropped. The Kuomintang developed into the political

* The Triad Society or Heaven and Earth Association by William Stanton, Kelly & Walsh Ltd., 1900.

1

113

emperor,

opposition to Yuan Shih Kai who became President of China in 1913 and who was accused of being a traitor to the Republic. The Kuomintang was dissolved by Yuan Shih Kai, and was re-organized by Sun Yat Sen at Tokyo in 1914. Yuan Shih Kai died in 1916 after an attempt to restore the monarchy with himself as which consolidated the opposition of the Kuomintang. That party was again re- organized in 1919 as the "Chinese Kuomintang.' In 1920, a National Government was proclaimed in Canton with Sun Yat Sen as President, and its objects became the enforcement of the "Three People's Principles" or "San Min Chu I" of Sun Yat Sen, and the establishment of his Five-Power Constitution. It is interesting to observe that the oath of initiation into the party required members to swear obedience to orders and the observance of secrecy.

33. After various vicissitudes the party established itself at Canton, and its avowed objects became more and more socialistic and anti-foreign.

In 1924, Russian assistance was imported by Sun Yat Sen to re-organize the Kuomintang. The party split into two factions of which the more extreme approximated to the Communist party, advocated the unification of China by military force, and encouraged the formation of unions of peasants and labourers to that end.* During the same year the pro-Communist or Communist section of the Kuomintang established itself firmly in Canton, having suppressed the opposition of the Merchant Volunteers.

34. The country was in a state of ferment. A National Labour Conference was held in Canton in May, 1925, with 250 delegates said to represent 570,000 organized labourers. An All-China Labour Federation was formed and it was decided to affiliate with the Red International of Labour Unions. There were serious incidents at Shanghai (30th May), at Hankow and Kiukiang, and Shameen, (the British Con- cession at Canton) (23rd June). This was followed by the Canton-Hong Kong Boycott and General Strike during which about a hundred thousand labourers left. Hong Kong, and which lasted till 10th October, 1926. Meanwhile, on 9th July. 1926, the Northern Expedition was inaugurated under Chiang Kai Shek who had been principal of the Whampoa Military Academy, and was appointed commander- in-chief of the Kuomintang forces, which had been trained and were directed by Russians. In August, a quarrel between the right and left wings of organized labour in Canton led to the passing of regulations by the Canton Government for the settlement of disputes among the labourers. These regulations prohibited the use of arms by labourers. On 23rd September the Political Council of Canton decided to terminate the boycott of Hong Kong. After considerable military success, split between the moderates and extremists in the Kuomintang culminated in April, 1927, with the expulsion of the Communists from the party by Chiang Kai Shek, the closing of the Shanghai General Labour Federation, and the suppression of the Communists in Canton. In December, 1927, occurred a Communist coup d'état at Canton, which received no popular support and was quickly suppressed.

a

35. Prior to the inception of the Republic there were no trade unions in the modern sense, and their history for the last twenty-five years is a history of Chinese politics with their rise to power in the radical revolution of 1925-6 and their subsequent decline to practical impotence. In 1926, there were 180 labour unions in Cantont of which only 74 originated from guilds, the remainder being new organizations. They were mostly under two labour federations, the Kwangtung Provincial Federation of Labour Unions and the Labour Congress, which were the Right and Left or Communist Wings. The total union membership was 290,620. Of these 77,932 were members of the Kuomintang. These figures may be con- trasted with those of a survey made in 1937 when in 43 Chinese cities 1,051 unions were found with a total membership of 912,399.¶

36. The first modern strikes occurred in 1913. In 1919, China after signing the Treaty of Saint-Germain became a member of the International Labour Organ-

*

By article 224 of the Provisional Penal Code of the Chinese Republic to organize or take part in a strike

was a criminal offence. This article was repealed by the Kwangtung Provincial Authorities.

+ Y. L. Lee. "Some Aspects of the Labour Situation in Cantou.”

¶ "Chinese Labour Conditions in 1937" (in Chinese).

:

114

ization.† In 1920, Labour Day was first observed in Peking and Canton and the same year the Chinese Communist party was organized in Shanghai. The unions, which had developed out of societies like the Triad rather than the craft guilds, took on more and more a leftish complexion and became frankly revolutionary, nationalistic, and anti-foreign. After the split between the Kuomintang and the Communist party in Shanghai* the unions lost their newly acquired political power and were generally regimented under the Kuomintang to which they became tirely subordinate.

en-

37. The Kuomintang established a nationalist government in Nanking in 1927. The dictatorship of the unions was ended and the Communist party driven into opposition and civil war, only terminated with the present united front against Japan. It should be noted in passing that the leaders of the unions were politicians and frequently careerists who were not members of the particular trade which they professed to represent and that there was a lack of qualified leaders from the ranks of labour itself. As a result social amelioration was subordinated to revo- lutionary nationalism, and frequently the funds of the unions were diverted into the pockets of the agitators in control.

38. Once in power the Nationalist Government established a Labour Bureau which was soon incorporated in the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Labour, later known as the Ministry of Industries. The Labour Division comprised three departments for Labour Administration, Labour Protection, and Labour Welfare.

39. Provisional regulations for the settlement of disputes between employers and employees were promulgated in 1928 and later revised and promulgated as а national law. A Labour Union Law developed from the regulations concerning the organization of labour unions was promulgated in 1929, and regulations were passed regarding the organization of special trade unions such as seamen, miners, postal workers, railway workers and telegraph workers.

40 In 1929, a factory law of seventy-seven articles was passed and became effective from 1st August, 1931. The law prohibited the employment of children under fourteen years of age, with certain concessions to existing circumstances, and regulated the employment of women and children; laid down the principle of an eight hour day, again with certain concessions, and limited overtime to forty-six hours a month; provided for equal pay for male and female workers, and a day's holiday in every seven with a vacation of seven to thirty days every year. Articles setting out the conditions governing the dismissal of workmen were included. Pro- vision was made for leave with full wages, or in certain cases half wages, for women workers before and after child birth, and for the institution of factory councils con- sisting of representatives of employers and employees in order to promote harmony between capital and labour.

A factory inspection law was promulgated in 1931 and five periods were set out for the enforcement of the factory law.

41.China ratified the following conventions of the International Labour Office of the League of Nations Nos. 7, 11, 14, 15, 16, 19, 22, 23, 26, 27, 32, and 45, that is those dealing with Minimum Age (Sea), Right of Association (Agriculture), Weekly Rest (Industry), Minimum Age (Trimmers and Stokers), Medical Examina- tion of Young Persons (Sea), Equality of Treatment (Accident Compensation), Sea- men's Articles of Agreement, Repatriation of Seamen, Minimum Wage Fixing Machinery, Marking of Weight (Packages Transported by Vessels), Protection against Accidents (Dockers) (Revised 1932), and Underground Work (Women). The provisions of certain other conventions were incorporated in legislation.

42. It is to be feared that enthusiasm for reform and the pursuit of modernity encouraged the Government to ratify conventions and pass laws before possessing the machinery necessary for their enforcement. The difficulties in applying the

It was not until the twelfth session (May 1929) that China sent a complete delegation: it advocated the abolition of extraterritoriality as a necessary preliminary to the successful application of labour laws.

* See André Malraux "La Condition Humaine", and "The Tragedy of the Chinese Revolution" by H. R.

Isaacs.

115

factory law were recognized and acknowledged in the provisions made by the Min- istry of Industries for the training of factory inspectors and the decision to enforce the reform programme by stages. The difficulties were enormous in the absence of uniform government control throughout the country and the lack of properly trained officers. Under-capitalized enterprises, precariously established, dreaded the expense of improvements as leading to bankruptcy. Difficulties also arose concern- ing the application of these laws in the foreign concessions, such as Shanghai, which enjoyed extraterritorial rights. In September, 1931, M. Camille Pône and Dame Adelaide Anderson, two representatives from the International Labour Office at Geneva, arrived in Shanghai at the invitation of the Minister of Industries of the Chinese government to advise upon the question of factory inspection*. Difficulty was experienced in giving effect to their recommendations owing to the conflict between China's claim of sovereign rights and the Municipal Council's claim to administrative control within the Settlement. "In the situation now obtaining national legislation exists and although this is extremely far-reaching there is evidence that the Chinese authorities are willing to follow the recommendations of M. Pône and begin with basic questions of health and safety. The Council endeavoured to apply these basic principles in the Settlement by the most practical method of applying them uniformly and effectively within its jurisdiction. In the meantime the Council will continue its efforts to improve factory conditions generally in so far as may be practical within the scope of its powers and taking into consideration the somewhat peculiar problems, political and otherwise, with which it is confronted." From the report for 1937 of the Shanghai Municipal Council, it would appear that the factory inspection issue between the Council and the Chinese authorities was still unsolved by the time the Sino-Japanese hostilities broke out.

has

43. By 1937 China possessed a considerable body of social and industrial legis- lation dealing occasionally with the most trivial details and interspersed with pious exhortations to employers and employed. The legislation represents an ideal to which the approach from actual conditions must be necessarily by slow stages. As an example of the disparity between theory and practice I would quote the case of a Chinese industrialist, contemplating the erection in Hong Kong of a factory in place of one fallen into the hands of the Japanese, on whose behalf I was approached with the request that local legislation should be modified to enable him. to employ shifts of women workers throughout the whole twenty-four hours in order that his machinery should never lie idle and that he might compete with similar factories in China where the night employment of women prevailed. Other- wise, he would not risk his capital.

44. Chinese factory law describes an ideal to be slowly attained rather than a set of conditions to be enforced although the Factory Law became effective in 1931 the only district factory inspection office established in 1937 was in Shanghai "while those in Kwangtung and Szechuen provinces were under contemplation."†

45. The hostilities in 1937-8 have led to the Chinese government authorizing the Commission of Military Affairs to administer farming, mining, industrial and commercial enterprises during war time in accordance with some twenty ordinances specially proclaimed by the Government. Strikes, suspension of business, slack- ness and intimidation are forbidden under penalty of seven years' imprisonment.

The chief change, however, is that in order to rouse the patriotic enthusiasm of the workers and increase production the Government has reversed its policy and given orders to the various provincial cities that the organization of labour unions is to be encouraged.¶

46. Before the outbreak of hostilities in August, 1937, there were said to be over a million unemployed workers in China, although during the first half of 1937 industry was generally thriving. In Shanghai there was considerable labour unrest, one strike involving the whole silk weaving industry.

* "Regulation of Industrial Conditions" reprinted from Shanghai Municipal Council Annual Report, 1933. + "Chinese Labour Conditions in 1937” (in Chinese).

Ibid.

116

Societies in Hong Kong.

*

47. The history of societies and trade unions in Hong Kong runs parallel with that in China. As early as 1845 it was found necessary to pass an ordinance to curb the activities of the Triad and other secret societies.† The ordinance was necessarily severe, branding being provided for, and causing much discussion, but in October following, doubtless upon instructions from Home, an amendment was effected by which branding was done away with and the ordinance not made applic- able to any secret society other than the Triad.”

48. The direct descendant of that ordinance through the Triad and Unlawful Societies Ordinance 1887 was the Societies Ordinance No. 47 of 1911, which was passed in order to control the political activities of certain associations. Under the Ordinance all societies were compelled to register or obtain exemption from registration.

Section 4 (4) reads:

"The Governor in Council shall not refuse permission to any society to be registered under this Ordinance unless it shall appear that such society is likely to be used for unlawful purposes incompatible with the peace or good order of the Colony or that its action and proceedings are calculated to excite tumult or disorder in China or to excite persons to crime in China."

49. A schedule of exempted societies was appended. This contains besides two Chinese general merchants' associations, namely the Chinese Chamber of Commerce and the Chinese Commercial Union, thirty-four Chinese masters' trade guilds and societies, three of which included workmen as well, and only seven guilds of work- men, the Brass-smith Guild, the Carpenters Guild, an Eating House Employees Guild, the Ginseng Workmen's Guild, a Gardeners Club and two guilds of Waiters.

50. A schedule was published annually till 1919 when there were thirty-six masters' trade guilds or societies exempted, five of which included workmen, and thirty-five guilds of workmen. In addition, twenty-four trade guilds and societies. were included in the list of registered societies. Among the exempted guilds there were no less than six brass-smiths guilds, six masons guilds, and three teahouse guilds, showing the lack of organization and unity among the workmen of the various trades.

51. Both exempted and registered societies might at any time be ordered to furnish information to the Registrar of Societies, who was the Registrar-General, as the Secretary for Chinese Affairs was then called, concerning the constitution and rules of the society, its office bearers, and the number of its members. vehicle for obtaining reliable information about, and control over, the societies the Ordinance was a failure and frequently a cause of embarrassment to Government.

As a

52. The Societies Ordinance No. 8 of 1920 reversed the policy. Registration was abandoned and the only societies declared to be unlawful were:

a) the Triad Society :

(b) all societies which use a Triad ritual:

(c) all societies which have among their objects unlawful purposes

purposes incompatible with the peace and good order of the Colday.

or

It is lawful for the Governor in Council in his absolute discretion to declare to be unlawful any society which in his opinion-

(a) has among its objects unlawful purposes or purposes incompatible with

the peace and good order of the Colony, or

(b) is being used, or is likely to be used, for unlawful purposes or for purposes incompatible with the peace and good order of the Colony, or (c) is by reason of its actions or proceedings calculated to excite tumult or

disorder in China or to excite persons to crime in China.

+ Norton-Kyshe "History of the Laws and Courts of Hong Kong."

117

✓53. The first general strike* in Hong Kong took place in 1922 following a dispute over seamen's rates of pay for which there was some economic justification. Most of the men's demands were granted and the Chinese Seamen's Union obtained a considerable amount of power and glory which it immediately set about to exploit. The second general strike took place in 1925. It had no economic justification whatsoever and was merely an attempt at revolution fomented by the General Labour Union and the Chinese Seamen's Union in sympathy with similar activities in Canton and Shanghai. This was the heyday of labour power in Canton and the boycott of Hong Kong continued well into 1926. The general strike was a complete failure and in 1927, while the powers of labour unions were being drastically curtailed in China, the General Labour Union of Hong Kong was proscribed under the Emergency Regulations, and the Chinese Seamen's Union was declared unlawful under the Societies Ordinance, 1920.

54. In 1927 the Illegal Strikes and Lockouts Ordinance, based on the Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act, 1927, was passed. This Ordinance, Ordinance No. 10 of 1927, was the first enactment in Hong Kong dealing expressly with trade unions. Besides declaring that any strike is illegal if it has any object other than or in addition to the furtherance of a trade dispute within the trade or industry in which the strikers are engaged, and is a strike designed or calculated to coerce the Government, either directly or by inflicting hardship upon the com- munity or any substantial portion of the community, and making it an offence for any person employed in the service of the Crown under the Government of Hong Kong or employed in certain essential public services, to break an

an agreement of service if the probable consequence would be to hinder or prevent the discharge of the functions of Government, it contained a section forbidding the control of any Hong Kong union by any trade union or other organization outside the Colony, and the use of union funds for political purposes outside the Colony. There are no political purposes inside the Colony to which they might be applied. This Ordinance has never been invoked.

55. After the failure of the general strike and boycott and the proscription of the Seamen's Union and the General Labour Union conditions rapidly returned to normal and the surviving Hong Kong unions became little more than friendly societies concerned more with the provision of funeral expenses for the dead than the improvement of the conditions of the living.

ance

56. Twelve societies have been declared unlawful under the Societies Ordin- 1920 and three organizations proscribed under the Emergency Regulations.

List of societies declared unlawul under Societies Ordinance 1920.

---

Name.

Government Notification Number.

The Hong Kong and Wuchow Steamers Industrial Association.

The Hip Tsun Tsung Kung She (Hotel Boys and Cooks Guild).

The Kau Lung Ch'a Kui Kung Sheung Lun Hop Wui

(Kowloon Teahouses Union)

The Chung Wa Hoi Yuen Kung Ip Lun Hop Tsung Wui,

otherwise known as the Chinese Seamen's Union

The Chik Tso Kung Wui, otherwise known as the Chik Tso

Yin Kau Wui, otherwise known as the Knitters' Union

412 of 13.10.22

542 of 15.12.22

42 of 2. 2.23

315 of 27. 5.27

731 of 16.12.27

* A mechanics' strike involving about 9,000 workers occurred in 1920.

Name.

118

Government Notification Number.

The Kau Kong Luk Kwan Ping Ka Lo Tung P'ing Yi Ngoi Yu

(Military employees)

The Kiu Kong Ping Fong Tso Tin Kung Sz (Military

Employees)

The Heung Kong Ping Ka Kung Sheung Tsui Tsap Sho

(Military employees and contractors)

The Ki Tuk Kau Wui Siu Nin Tuen (Christian Youths Group).

The Ch'a Kui Tsung Kung Wui (Teahouses General Union) ...

The Heung Kong Kiu Sheung Sz Wo Ch'eung Shang Yee Wui

(Funeral Benefits Association)

...

The Kiu Kong Lei Fat Tung Yip Wui (Barbers Union) .

71 of 10. 2.28

do.

do.

158 of 30. 3.28

629 of 23.11.28

165 of 18. 3.32

417 of 8. 5.36

List of organizations proscribed under the Emergency Regulations (Emergency Regulations Ordinance No. 5 of 1922).

Name.

Government

Notification Number.

The Kiu Kong Kung T'un Tsung Ui (General Labour Associa-

tion of Hong Kong) ..

The Wun Yin Kung She or Barbers Guild

The Hong Kong Seamen's Union.

188 of 1. 4.27

636 of 9.10.31

71 of 28. 1.38

57 No action was taken against the Hong Kong Seamen's Union, which pro- fessed to be unconnected with the proscribed Chinese Seamen's Union, until it became clear that its objects were purely political. The causes of proscription though not declared have generally been subversive or political activities.

58. Since 1927 there has been no major labour dispute in Hong Kong. The boycott of 1925-6 left the unions impoverished and unpopular. The restrictions imposed on unions in China depressed the spirit of unionism in Hong Kong, and several years of trade depression were not conducive to their recovery.

59. The hostilities between China and Japan have established a common front in place of civil war between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party and the revival of unions in China as a matter of government policy has its repercussions in Hong Kong where the local unions are moved by patriotism to renewed activity chiefly of a political and nationalist character. Many unions which for ten years have appeared to be extinct have been recently revived. In addition, the imported workers from Shanghai and elsewhere have brought with them their own unions and agitations. The only dispute of any importance in the last twelve months occurred among su Shanghai workmen.

119

60. It occurred in the banknote printing department of the Chung Hwa Book Company, Kowloon, and involved about fifteen hundred workers. There had been unrest for several months, the root cause of which was a feeling of insecurity among the workers, many of whom had left their families in Shanghai, and who felt them- selves strangers in the Colony, where their future was obscure. Two trivial in- cidents brought matters to a head. The management declared a lockout-with pay. and dismissed sixty-nine men whom it regarded as ringleaders. When the works were opened the other workers returned and, adopting an equally novel technique, seven hundred in one department commenced a combined sit-down

combined sit-down and hunger strike.

The trouble was settled amicably on the intervention of the Labour Office whose offer to arbitrate the management had at first declined.

The peculiar circumstances of this Company, however, contain the seeds of further trouble, as the contract which affords employment for the majority of the men will be completed in a few months.

61.

1. So far as is known, and for such information as is available I am indebted

am to the Police Department, there are at present about three hundred associations in Hong Kong with a nominal membership of 111,400. These include twenty-eight merchants' guilds with a membership of 2,700; twenty-eight craft guilds or

or guilds which include both masters and men, with a membership of 12,000; four clan asso- ciations or societies of persons having the same surname, membership 3,000; thirty- six district associations or societies of persons from the same district with a member- ship of 40,000; eighty-four labour unions, membership 44,000; and eighty-nine clubs some of which are purely social while others approximate closely to labour unions, membership 7,000, and thirty-one seamen's clubs, lodging houses and employment agencies with a membership of 2,700.

62. The association with the largest membership, namely 20,000, is the Sung Tsing General Association, a kind of clan association, which has been in existence for about eighteen years and whose members are Hakkas. It is the only Hakka association in the Colony. This association has branches in New York, San Francisco, Honolulu, and Amsterdam. It supports six free schools for the benefit of Hakka children.

63. The Chung Shan Commercial Association whose members are natives of Chung Shan has about 4,000 members; the Tung Sai Commercial Association, com- posed of masters of various shops, brokers, and employees of European firms, 1,200; the Plasterers' Guild (Kwong Yee Tong), about 3,300; the Printers' Union, about 3,000; the Cargo Coolies Guild, 1,500; the Shing Fat Stonebreakers Guild, about 1,270: the Building Construction Workers Guild, 2,700; the Tung Tak Chung Kung Wui, a coolies guild, 2,000; the Market Stall Meat Coolies Guild, 1,500; the Brick- layers Guild, 3,000; the Wai Yeung Merchants' Club, formed by merchants and workers of Wai Yeung District, 3,000; the Fong Yin Kung Wui, composed of board- ing house workers, 1,400; the Wong Kong Ha Tong Clansmen Association. consisting of members of the Wong clan, 1,000; the Yeung Mo Kung Wui-Foreign Employees Guild*-composed of boys employed in European residences, 2,000; the Hong Kong Sai Yee Boat-Builders Guild, 1,250; the Hoi Ping Merchants Association, merchants from Hoi Ping district, 1,000; the Chung Wah Lam Sai Ho Tong or Lam Clansmen Association, 1,200 all surnamed Lam; the Toi Shan Commercial Association, 1,200, natives of Toi Shan District, and the Chinese Engineers Guild, which is one of the oldest trade unions in the Colony and which most closely approximates to the English model, 1,500.

64. Each association has its own rules and regulations regarding membership, privileges and duties, organization, meetings, maintenance expenses, and frequently funeral money.

This contains a section of women members-amahs-which is the only organization of female workers in

the Colony. A few unions admit women as ordinary members.

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Most of the trade unions being composed of members whose wages are small have no large funds. The Chinese Seamen's Union has in its time been wealthy and the Pork Butchers Guild supported its anti-Hong Kong activities in 1925 by funds collected from a levy of 1% of the price of pigs purchased by pork dealers (called the "ninety-nine" system), while the proscribed Barbers Union sought to levy an additional percentage on the price of haircuts nominally to finance anti-Japanese

activities.

65. What information is available regarding unions at the present day is largely the result of detective work. The present position is anomalous as though registra- tion is no longer required application is still frequently made to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs for permission to establish a union, a permission which is gratuitous but which implies a certain acknowledgment of the union's activities without giving any measure of control.

History of Social Legislation in Hong Kong.

66. "The first legislative steps-British people may be thankful for it—actually taken in the Far East for protection of Chinese workers in factories were taken by the Government of Hong Kong, not by the International Settlement of Shanghai."† And it might be added, not by the Government of China.

67. In 1919 a resolution was adopted at a meeting of the Sanitary Board (now the Urban Council) requesting in the interests of public health that the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903, be amended to empower the Sanitary Board to make bylaws regarding the employment of children.

During the same year the Board also made certain bylaws to prevent overcrowd- ing in factories, but these never received the confirmation of the Legislative Council.

✓ 68. Finally, in 1921 a Commission* was appointed to inquire into the condi- tions of the industrial employment of children in Hong Kong and the desirability and feasibility of legislation for the regulation of such employment.

varied ac-

69. The Commission found that the number of children employed varied cording to the nature of the industry. In some factories there were children engaged in such work as packing whose output was greater and wages smaller than those of adults. In other cases children were tolerated in factories as an act of grace as their mothers when employed in the factories had nowhere else to put the children.

70. The hours of labour appeared to be universally excessive and in few cases amounted to less than seventy a week. Wages were paid almost entirely by piece rates and it was noted that the low wages paid to children must depress the general standard of remuneration of adults. The Commissioners commented on the absence of factory amenities such as rest rooms, eating rooms and wash houses for the workmen, and remarked that the arrangements for medical attention in case of accidents were of the scantiest. In glass factories in particular labour conditions were unsatisfactory and the physique of the workers poor. It may be noted in passing that in spite of a general improvement in conditions glass factories remain in a generally unsatisfactory condition. The physique of the workers is still poor and the boys who hold the moulds all appear to be stunted in growth. A current ex- planation is that they were employed in China as children in glass factories before. coming to the Colony.

71. The Commissioners animadverted on the employment of pseudo-apprentices and the system of sub-contracting both of which will be referred to later in this report. The most difficult problem which they had to face was stated to be the employment of children outside factories in (casual and unskilled work.) and especially in burden bearing, in particular the carrying of bricks and other materials

"Humanity and Labour in China." An Industrial Visit and its Sequel (1923-26) By Adelaide Mary

Anderson D. B. E., M.A.

Sessional Paper No. 11 of 1921.

121

to the Peak and Hill Districts. The Commissioners have been proved correct in their opinion that the real solution of the question lay in development of mechanical transport. I have, however, seen a number of children employed in stone break- ing and carrying at a quarry in Shaukiwan.

72. The Commissioners made certain recommendations including the compul- sory registration of children by employers; the prohibition of the employment of children under the age of eleven years (Chinese), that is, roughly ten

ten years (European), in any factory or in any form of casual labour; limitation of the hours of work for children to fifty-four per week; the prohibition of their employment between the hours of 7 p.m. and 6 a.m. and for more than five hours consecutive- ly, and the provision of one day's rest in seven. It was also recommended that children should not be employed in glass factories, or in engineering works on the work of boiler chipping, or in dangerous trades generally, and that accommodation should be provided which could be used by workers during meal hours, and as a rest house for children taken to factories by their mothers. While local factory legislation in the last fifteen years has advanced far beyond the desiderata of the Commissioners only one such rest house for children is known and it is of the crudest. The provision of first aid appliances and the equipment of factories with approved sanitary conveniences was also advocated.

73 The Commissioners declared that their intention was to avoid introducing a series of factory regulations which would merely lead on the one hand to "squeeze and on the other to police court prosecutions, and they recommended the appoint- ment of inspectors for all classes of child labour, the inspectors to be persons of standing, knowledge, tact, and sympathy. It was suggested that they should include Chinese representatives as well as British, women

as well as men, and voluntary workers as well as government servants. (One of the Commissioners offered as a solution of the problem the compulsory education of Chinese children by government

A

74. As a result of these recommendations the Industrial Employment of Chil- dren Ordinance No. 22 of 1922 was passed which forbade the employment of children in any dangerous trade, under the age of ten years in any factory, and under the age of twelve years in carrying coal, or building material, or debris. child was defined as a person under the age of fifteen years. The owner and the manager of every factory were compelled to keep a running record of all children at any time employed in such factory. Hours of work were limited to nine hours. per day and five hours continuously. One day's rest in every seven

was to be allowed every child and employment of children between 7 p.m. and 7 a.m. was prohibited. No child was to be allowed to carry any weight which was unreason- ably heavy having regard to the child's age and physical development or any load exceeding forty catties* in weight. The Ordinance also provided for the appoint- ment of a protector and inspectors of juvenile labour. The Secretary for Chinese Affairs became Protector of Juvenile Labour and one male and one female inspector were appointed. The female inspector retired after a short time and was replaced.

never

75. The Factory (Accidents) Ordinance No. 3 of 1927 provided for the appointment of inspectors and assistant inspectors of factories. The Governor in Council was empowered to make regulations for the purpose of preventing accidents in factories. The existing inspector of juvenile labour undertook the work of factory inspection.†

76. Ordinance No. 24 of 1929, the Industrial Employment of Women, Young Persons and Children Amendment Ordinance, 1929, included women within the scope of the Industrial Employment of Children Ordinance, 1922, which was amended accordingly, in order to regulate the employment of women in certain industries.

A catty is a pound and a third.

The Steam-boilers Ordinance No. 32 of 1909 providing for the periodical inspection of steam-boilers and prime movers has never been enforced owing to the lack of regulations and inspectors. Further legislation is under consideration.

The Gasholders Examination Ordinance, No. 1 of 1938, provides for the periodical examination of

Gasholders.

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77. A consolidating ordinance entitled the Factories and Workshops Ordinance 1932 was passed as Ordinance No. 27 of 1932. In it child was defined as a person under the age of sixteen years. The employment of children in dangerous trades (boiler chipping, the manufacture of fireworks, glass working, lead processes, and vermilion manufacture) and the employment of any female young person or woman in such trades without the written permission of the Protector, was prohibited. The employment of any child under the age of twelve years in any industrial under- taking was prohibited as was also the employment therein of any woman or young person between the hours of 9 p.m. and 7 a.m. A list of factories and workshops regulations was appended to the Ordinance as Schedule B.

As from 1933 the Factories Inspectorate was increased to two by the second- ment of a second officer from the Sanitary Department.

78. By Ordinance No. 30 of 1936, the Factories and Workshops Amendment. Ordinance, 1936, the Protector of Labour was empowered to exempt any industrial undertaking from any regulation under the Factories and Workshops Ordinance or to order the adoption of additional and special precautions. The existing law is consolidated in the Factories and Workshops Ordinance No. 18 of 1937. The Protector of Labour who was previously the Secretary for Chinese Affairs is declared to mean the Chairman of the Urban Council or any person appointed by the Governor to be Protector of Labour, and the Urban Council is empowered to make bylaws in respect of industrial undertakings. No such bylaw has been made since the passing of the Ordinance. Dangerous trades are by bylaw extended to include processes involving the use of arsenic, manganese, mercury, phos- phorus or any compound of any of these or of lead. Child is defined as a person under the age of fourteen years, and young person as any person of or over the age of fourteen years and under the age of eighteen years.

*

79. The following are some of bylaws in the schedule to the Ordinance :

3. No person shall employ any child in any dangerous trade.

No. 3.

No. 4.

No. 5.

No. 6.

No.

*

Except with the written consent of the Protector,

no person shall employ any woman, young person under the age of 16 years or any female young person in any dangerous trade.

No person shall employ any child in any industrial undertaking. No young person shall be suffered to carry any weight which is unreasonably heavy having regard to the age and physical develop- ment of such young person, and no young person under the age of 16 years shall be suffered to carry any load exceeding 40 catties in weight.

7. No female, whatever her age, shall be employed on underground

work in any mine.

No. 8. (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) no woman or young person shall be employed in any industrial undertaking between the hours of 8 p.m. and 7 a.m.

(2) The Protector may in exceptional cases authorize the employ- ment of any woman or young person of 16 years or over for not more than 60 days in any year between the hours of 8 p.m. and

9 p.m.

No. 9. No young person under 16 years of age shall be employed in any

industrial undertaking-

* I have seen

(a) between the hours of 7 p.m. and 7 a.m.

(b) for more than 9 hours in any period of 24 hours;

(c) for more than 5 hours continuously;

women preparing manganese for the manufacture of batteries for electric torches.

123

(d) unless after every spell of 5 hours continuous work and before his next spell of work there is an interval for relaxation of not less than one hour, or after a spell of less than 5 hours, such interval as may be reasonable in all the circumstances;

(e) unless in every seven days he is allowed one day's rest.

No. 10. (1) The proprietor of every industrial undertaking shall keep a

register of the young persons employed in such undertaking.

(2) Such register shall be in the form and contain the particulars.

shown in Appendix I to these bylaws.

80. Bylaws dealing with the prevention of accidents and notification of ac- cidents, and the prevention of and escape from fire are also included which empower the Protector to require the provision of fire escapes in any factory in which more than twenty persons are employed and prohibit a tenement factory or workshop to be situated above a dangerous goods store. The question of tenement factories will be dealt with later.

81. It will be observed that these bylaws give effect to the provisions of certain conventions of the International Labour Office such as Convention No. 4 concern- ing the employment of women during the night; Convention No. 5 fixing the minimum age for admission of children to industrial employment; Convention No. 6 concerning the night work of young persons employed in industry; Convention No. 41 concerning the employment of women during the night; and Convention No. 45 concerning the employment of women on underground work in mines of all kinds.

82. Other conventions are given effect to by separate ordinances Convention No. 26, concerning the creation of minimum wage fixing machinery, by Ordinance No. 28 of 1932, the Minimum Wage Ordinance, which empowers the Governor in Council to fix a minimum wage for any occupation in which he is satisfied that the wages paid are unreasonably low. To conduct any necessary inquiry a Board of Commissioners consisting of five persons may be appointed. Up to date no such Board has been appointed and no minimum wage fixed. Convention No. 7. fixing the minimum age for admission of children to employment at sea, is given effect to by the Employment of Young Persons and Children at Sea Ordinance No. 13 of 1932, which restricts the employment of children under fourteen years of age to vessels where only members of the same family are employed, or to junks or sampans where the child is placed in the charge of an approved relative who is also a member of the crew. The registration of members of crews who are under sixteen is required.

83. Convention No. 8 concerning unemployment indemnity in case of loss or foundering of the ship, Convention No. 15 fixing the minimum age for the admission of young persons to employment as trimmers or stokers, and Convention No. 16 concerning the compulsory medical examination of children and young persons employed at sea, have been given effect to with minor modifications by the Mer- chant Shipping (Hong Kong) Order 1936 and the Merchant Shipping (Hong Kong) (Amendment) Order 1936.

84. The existing law of the Colony already satisfied the requirements of cer- tain other conventions such as No. 22 concerning seamen's articles of agreement and to some extent No. 21 concerning the simplification of the inspection of emigrants on board ship. In respect of Convention No. 11 concerning the rights of association and combination of agricultural workers there is no discrimination against agricultural workers.

85. Legislation to give effect to Convention No. 32 concerning the protection against accidents of workers employed in loading and unloading ships is under con- sideration.

86. The employment of female domestic servants is to a certain extent con- trolled by the Female Domestic Service Ordinance, 1923, and the subsequent amendments theret By the amending Ordinance No. 15 of 1938 no person shall

124

thereafter take into his employment any female domestic servant under the age of twelve years.

The Female Domestic Service Ordinances deal chiefly with the employment of "mui-tsai" which term is defined as including (a) every female domestic servant whose employer for the time being shall have made, directly or indirectly, within or without the Colony, any payment to any person for the purpose of securing the services of such female as a domestic servant; (b) every female domestic servant whose employer for the time being shall, within or without the Colony, have acquired the custody, possession or control of such female from, or upon the death of, any former employer who made any such payment as afore- said.

87. The subject of "mui-tsai" has been one of acute controversy during the last fifteen years. The custom is one of immemorial antiquity in China whereby a poor family surrendered a daughter to enter a richer family which made a money payment for the transfer and brought up the child as a domestic servant or at- tendant providing her with food and lodging but no wages and marrying her off at a profit on maturity.

88. Various attempts have been made to argue that "mui-tsai" are in many cases really adopted daughters. The adoption of females is as irrelevant in Chinese Law as in Roman Law, as the line is only continued through male descendants or adopted male children. All existing "mui-tsai" had by a certain date (31 May, 1930) to be registered at the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs and it is an offence to employ an unregistered "mui-tsai", or to bring one into the Colony.

By section 31 of the Protection of Women and Girls Ordinance No. 5 of 1938 whenever any person adopts as his own and obtains the custody of the child of any other person, such child being a girl under the age of 21 years, the legal guardianship of such child while in the Colony shall vest in the Secretary for Chinese Affairs unless the custody of the child was given to the adopter by order of a competent court.

✓89. The maintenance of sanitary conditions in factories is the duty of the Urban Council and is covered by the Public Health (Sanitation) Ordinance No. 15 of 1935, the relevant sections of which read as follows:-

Section 61. Whenever it appear to the Council that any factory or workshop is damp or that it is not adequately lighted or is not ventilated in such a manner as to render harmless, as far as practicable, any gas, vapour, dust or other impurity generated in the course of the work carried on therein. or is not maintained in a cleanly condition, or is so overcrowded during the time in which work is carried on as to be dangerous to the health of the persons employed therein, the Council may, by written notice, require the owner thereof to take such steps as the Council may consider necessary to prevent such dampness, or adequately to light or ventilate the premises, or to render harmless as far as practicable any gas. vapour, dust or other impurity, or to cleanse the premises, or to prevent the same from being overcrowded.

Section 62. Every factory and workshop whatsoever employing not less than twenty persons shall be provided by the owner thereof with proper latrine accommodation on the premises, for the separate use of persons of each sex, to the satisfaction of the Council.

Section 63. Every factory and workshop shall be kept in a cleanly state.

Section 64. (1) All the ceilings and inside walls of a factory or workshop shall be limewashed at least once a year. If these have been oil painted or varnished they shall be washed with hot water and soap once every fourteen months. (2) The council may by special order grant exemptions from require- ments as to limewashing or washing.

Section 65. Every factory or workshop shall be kept free from effluvia arising from any drain, latrine, urinal or other nuisance.

125

Section 66. When less than 250 cubic feet of air space per person are provided in a factory or workshop such factory or workshop shall be held to be so overcrowded as to be dangerous or injurious to the health of those employ- ed therein.

*Section 67. In every factory and workshop a notice must be affixed specifying the number of persons which can be employed in each room.

workshop sufficient

Section 68. In every room in every factory and workshop means of ventilation must be provided and maintained.

90. The Urban Council also regulates dangerous, unhealthy and offensive trades and occupations. "Dangerous trade" for the purposes of the Sanitation Ordinance means any manufacturing process or handicraft in which lead, arsenic, mercury, phosphorus or any other poisonous substance whatsoever is used. "Offensive trade" includes:-(a) the trades of blood-boiling, tripe-boiling, soap- boiling, fat-boiling, tallow-melting, resin-boiling, bone-boiling, bone-crushing, bone- burning, bone-storing, rag-picking, rag-storing, manure manufacture, blood-drying, fell-mongery, leather-dressing, tanning, glue-making, size-making, gut-scraping, storing, dressing, preparing sharks' fins, hair-cleaning, feather-storing, feather- cleaning, and pig-roasting (except the roasting of pigs in any domestic building or restaurant for consumption in such domestic building or restaurant by the inmates or visitors thereof); (b) any trade, business or manufacture which is declared by the Council by bylaw to be an offensive trade; (c) any trade, business, or manu facture which is carried on in such a way as to be dangerous or injurious to the health of persons engaged in it, or in such a way as to be dangerous or injurious to the health of persons residing in the neighbourhood; and (d) any other noxious, offensive, noisome or unhealthy trade, business or manufacture whatsoever. Offen- sive trades are confined by the Council to certain areas and the Council has issued detailed regulations for their control.

91. Although there has been in Hong Kong no conciliation nor arbitration machinery in the form of boards of inquiry and arbitration, conciliation and arbitra- tion have been recognized as part of the functions of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs and the settlement of various industrial disputes during the last twenty years has been facilitated by his agency. Various problems as they arise have been investigated by commissions specially appointed for the purpose such as the com- mission referred to above which was appointed to inquire into the conditions of the industrial employment of children in Hong Kong. In 1927 a Labour Sub-department/ was established in the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs to deal with guilds, labour disputes, and cost of living. After about two years existence its activities were curtailed owing to shortage of staff and the general quietude which descended in Hong Kong as in China over labour matters.

92. About the same time as the special labour department was created a Labour Advisory Board was appointed. This Board still exists and in 1938 consisted of The Secretary for Chinese Affairs (Chairman), The Secretary and Cashier of His Majesty's Naval Yard (representing the Commodore), The Assistant Director of Supply and Transport of the China Command (representing His Excellency the General Officer Commanding), a representative of the Public Works Department, the Manager of the Taikoo Dockyard, the Manager of the Hong Kong Electric Company, and the Manager of the Taikoo Sugar Refinery, with the Chief Assistant to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs as secretary. It will be observed that the members consist entirely of representatives of large Government Departments and employers of labour. There are no workers' representatives and it may be presumed that the purpose of the Board was largely to correlate the attitude of Government and other large employers of labour. The Labour Advisory Board rarely functioned and was convened last in 1936 on a comparatively small matter submitted to it by Govern- ment regarding the Chinese New Year bonus to its lower paid employees.

93. While it functioned the Labour Sub-Department at the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs performed a considerable amount of work in investigating the activities of existing guilds and unions. Although registration or exemption there-

* This regulation appears not to be enforced.

126

from was abolished by the Societies Ordinance, 1920, many guilds and unions, evidently under the impression that the requirements of the Societies Ordinance, 1911, still persist, voluntarily supply the Secretary for Chinese Affairs with a certain amount of information regarding their activities. This is frequently of little value and occasionally consists of applications for permission to hold "sing songs" which is granted conditionally on a district watchman (a member of a subsidiary police force supported by voluntary contributions from the Chinese community) attending the meeting to see that nothing unlawful transpires. This attitude on the part of

the public is not surprising in view of the powers of censorship* possessed by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs and his powers under the Emergency Regulations. These will be discussed later.

Legislative Interference with Freedom of Contract, and Emergency

Legislation.

94. The conditions of this Colony with an unlimited supply of free labour and no immigration restrictions, and with workers employed and residing in urban areas as private citizens, have not necessitated any statutory enactment, such as a Labour Code, which would be appropriate rather to imported labour employed on estates and housed in compounds.

95. The recent development of mining in the New Territories, however, has occasioned the passing of certain regulations under the New Territories Regulation Ordinance No. 34 of 1910 which provide for the erection and maintenance to the satisfaction of the Director of Medical Services of lines for labourers, which term is defined as including every person employed for the purpose of personally performing any manual labour, except a domestic servant, gardener, or agricultural labourer. The scope of this regulation, which is confined to the New Territories, includes the housing of coolies employed on public works, such as roads and water catchments, who have in the past been housed in matsheds with little regard for sanitation or anti-malaria precautions.

96. Although there is no labour code, there is a considerable body of law qualifying in various ways the principle of freedom of contract. The prohibitions and restrictions enforced are largely in the interest of the employee, and many have already been referred to in connexion with the Factories and Workshops Ordinance, 1937; the Employment of Young Persons and Children at Sea Ordinance, 1932, which, together with the Merchant Shipping Ordinance, 1899, the Merchant Ship- ping Act, 1894, and the Orders in Council already mentioned, regulates the conditions of the employment of seamen; Regulation 22 (a) of Part VII of the regulations made under the Miscellaneous Licences Ordinance, 1933, providing that the licensee of a dance hall shall in the case of employees induced by him to enter the Colony defray the cost of the employee's repatriation on the termination of his services; and the Female Domestic Service Ordinance, 1923, regulating the employ- ment of "mui-tsai."

97. Contracts of service are dealt with by the Employers and Servants Ordin- ance No. 45 of 1902, as amended by the Employers and Servants Amendment Ordinance, No. 10 of 1932, which abolished penal sanctions. The definition of servant though wide is not exhaustive and only persons over the age of sixteen years may enter into a contract of service under the Ordinance. In the absence of any agreement in writing to the contrary, every contract of service (except in the case of hire by the day, job, or journey) shall be deemed to be a contract for one month renewable from month to month, and may be determined by one month's notice, or the payment of one month's wages in lieu thereof. A contract of ser- vice for more than one month shall be in writing and shall be executed in duplicate in the presence of a magistrate, or in the case of persons engaged for service on any cargo boat or fishing or trading junk before the European police officer in charge of the police station of the district in which such contract is made. The contract must be explained to the servant, indorsed accordingly, and a duplicate delivered to him. The duration of such contracts is limited to five years is made beyond the Colony, and three years if made within the Colony. A contract entered into by

* Summary Offences Ordinance No. 40 of 1932 s. 3 (17): notices and proclamations.

*

127

a person beyond the Colony to serve within the Colony may be executed in the presence of two witnesses and subsequently indorsed by the magistrate.

98. Every such contract shall clearly express therein the time for which it is to endure, the wages to be paid, the nature of the service to be performed, the sum of money (if any) to be chargeable against and deducted from the wages, and that the employer is bound to provide regular work at stipulated wages for the servant.

Questions between the parties are to be determined by a magistrate in a summary manner.

99. In practice, and I can speak from several years' experience as a magistrate, the execution of a contract before a magistrate is unknown. There are, however, in the Colony at the present time, especially in the case of skilled labour imported from Shanghai, many contracts of service. In view of the failure to comply with the provisions of the Employers and Servants Ordinance one may query the validity of such contracts.

100. The Ordinance is only invoked occasionally by individual servants who claim wages due, or compensation for dismissal without notice. There were only eleven such cases in the police courts of Hong Kong and Kowloon in 1938 and in most cases the claim was for less than ten dollars.

101. There is, however, a body of law in the Colony generally enforceable only in times of emergency which it is necessary to examine.

102. Section 37 of the Offences against the Person Ordinance No. 2 of 1865 described in the marginal note as deriving from 24 & 25 Vict. c. 100, s. 41, reads:

"Every person who, in pursuance of any unlawul combination or con- spiracy to raise the rate of wages, or of any

any unlawful

unlawful combination ΟΙ conspiracy respecting any trade. business, or manufacture, or respecting any person concerned or employed therein, unlawfully assaults any person, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be liable to imprisonment for any term not exceeding two years.

This would appear to be a survival of pre-1871 legislation. repeal of the section is referred to in paragraph 231.

The proposed

103. The proclamation of the peace under the Peace Preservation Ordinance, No. 10 of 1886, brings into operation certain provisions of the Ordinance.

Section 12 reads:

"Every person who, during the continuance of any such proclamation— (1) unlawfully combines to procure a stoppage of the sale or transit from place to place of provisions or other articles; or

(2) unlawfully combines to procure shopkeepers, dealers, or other persons to discontinue the sale or transit from place to place of provisions or other articles; or

(3) prevents or endeavours to prevent any person from purchasing or being supplied with any such articles,

shall upon summary conviction be liable to a fine not exceeding fifty dollars, and to imprisonment for any term not exceeding three months.

Although the section refers only to "provisions or other articles," presumably eiusdem generis, the marginal note reads "Combination to stop trade."

The ordinance was last brought into operation in September, 1931, by Pro- clamation No. 3 of 1931, which was cancelled in June, 1932.

104. In 1912 as a result of the boycott of the Hong Kong Tramways, which insisted on its fares being paid in Hong Kong currency and not in Chinese subsidiary coins, the Boycott Prevention Ordinance No. 41 of 1912 was passed. By section 2 (a) "Boycotting" means and includes the use of any words, or the

.

128

importing, making, printing, reproducing, having in possession, having under control, placarding, posting, disseminating, or in any other manner whatsoever deal- ing with any printed, written, or otherwise produced documents, papers, matter, or pictorial representations, or the doing of any acts, intended or calculated to persuade or induce any person or persons-

(i) not to let, hire, use, make use of, or occupy any immovable or mov- able property in any lawful manner; or

(ii) not to deal with, trade with, work for or hire in any lawful manner any person or persons in the ordinary course of trade, business, occupation, employment or undertaking; or

(iii) not to carry out or comply with the requirements of the law; or

(iv) to refuse to comply with or to interfere with the administration of the law.

in-

The Ordinance also defines "society" as including any company, corporation, club, guild, or any combination or association of any kind whatsoever consisting of more than two persons whether such combination or association be known or designated by any distinctive name or not, and section 3 provides that every person who is a member of or takes part in any society which uses violence, threat, timidation to or towards any person or persons with the view of causing any person or persons either to do any act which such person or persons has or have a legal right to abstain from doing or to abstain from doing any act which such person or persons has or have a legal right to do shall be deemed to have committed offence against the provisions of the Ordinance.

an

Under this Ordinance the Governor in Council is empowered to proclaim that any area in the Colony shall be deemed to be a boycotting area and to levy a special rate upon such proclaimed area.

105. The operation of the Boycott Prevention Ordinance was suspended by Proclamation No. 3 of 1913. As it was not found necessary to rescind this order even during the general strikes of 1922 and 1925, the retention of the Ordinance in the statute book would appear to be unnecessary, apart from any question of its desirability.

105. All necessary powers to deal with an emergency appear to be contained in the Emergency Regulations Ordinance No. 5 of 1922, but it is submitted that it is anomalous to keep regulations under this Ordinance, which is designed to cope with occasions of emergency, in operation, as was recently done, from 1925 to the time of writing.* Any legislation found necessary for such a prolonged period should more properly be incorporated in the general legislation of the Colony: action along that line is already under contemplation by Government. While emer- gency regulations have occasionally been issued respecting such things as the importation of milk, and the collection of shellfish during a cholera epidemic, the general purport of the regulations is to prevent disorder.

107. The power of summary expulsion under regulation 4 of any person having no regular employment in the Colony has been referred to in paragraph 17.

108. By regulation 5 the holding of any meeting which is likely to be con- ducted in a seditious or disorderly manner, or at or during which seditious or disorderly words are likely to be uttered or seditious or disorderly publications are likely to be exhibited or at or during which a general strike is likely to be advocated or promoted, may be prohibited by order published in the Gazette.

109. Without the permission in writing from the Secretary for Chinese Affairs no meeting whatsoever shall be held on board any vessel (not being or having the status of a ship of war), or on any pier or wharf. This regulation (7) reflects the influence exercised by the Seamen's Union during the strikes of 1922 and 1925.

* They were re-enacted in 1931 and 1938.

129

110. By regulation 16 any organization whether within or without the Colony which, in the opinion of the Governor in Council, is an organization which has among its aims, or is being used for, the promotion of a general strike or disorder of any kind, or of the spread of sedition within the Colony, may be proscribed.

111. By regulation 21 no printed matter in the Chinese language (other than a bona fide trade advertisement) may be printed, or published, or distributed, unless it has previously been submitted to and passed by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

112. Regulation 22 (1) reads :-

"No person shall import, print, publish, reproduce, have in his possession or under his control, post up or distribute any newspaper, placard, pamphlet, writing or pictorial representation calculated or tending to persuade or induce any person or persons, whether individually or as members of the general public to refrain from dealing with, trading with, working for or hiring any person or persons in the course of trade, business, occupation or employment."

This is scarcely compatible with the rightful activity of trade unions, and a recom- mendation for its amendment has been submitted to Government.

113 A trade union is a society for the purposes of the Societies Ordinance No. 8 of 1920. The only ordinance specifically relating to trade unions is the Illegal Strikes and Lockouts Ordinance 1927, already referred to, the purpose of which is rather to suppress the illegal activities of unions than to encourage their legal ones. Recommendations for the amendment of the existing law governing trade unions will be made in a later paragraph.

Factories and Workshops.

114. Under the Factories and Workshops Ordinance, 1937, every factory or workshop must be registered at the office of the Protector (since 1.1.1938 the Chair- man of the Urban Council) and such registration must be renewed annually. Before a factory is registered, or registration is renewed, the requirements of the Factories. Inspectorate, Health Officer, and Fire Brigade must be satisfied. In the form of application for registration it must be stated whether women, girls, and young persons under the age of sixteen years are to be employed.

115. The following is an up-to-date list, arranged according to trades. of registered factories and workshops.

DESCRIPTION.

Hong Kong.

Kowloon and New Territories.

Total.

Aerated Water

2

1

Bakelite Ware

1

1

Batteries, Dry

2

15

17

Bleaching Powder

1

1

Breweries

1

1

Brick Works

2

2

*Bulbs, Electric

1

3

4

Buttons

2

2

Carried forward

7

24

* Two bulb factories have recently failed owing to Shanghai competition.

31

130

DESCRIPTION.

Hong Kong.

Kowloon

and New Territories.

Total.

Brought forward

7

24

31

Carbon Sticks

2

2

Cement

1

1

Cement Tiles

Chemicals

Cloth Printing

1

1

2

1

1

2

3

3

Coal Eggs

1

1

Concrete Products

GO

3

3

Confectioneries and Biscuits

17

11

28

Cotton Quilts

2

Cracker Factories

1

1

Dairy Supplies

1

1

2

Dyeing Factories

14

14

Electro-plating

16

9

25

Embroidery

3

3

Enamel Wares

1

1

Engineering

9

15

24

Face Powder

3

3

Feather Works

3

2

5

Fertilizer

1

1

Flour Mills

3

12

15

Foundries

Co

6

6

Furniture

8

10

5

13

Gas Masks

2

2

Glass Mirrors, Bottles, etc.

9

9

18

Gourmet Powder

1

1

Green Peas

1

4

Gunny Bags

1

1

Handkerchiefs and Garters

4

4

8

Hats (Felt and Cork)

2

7

9

Ice and Ice Cream

4

1

5

Ink, Printing

3

2

10

5

Ivory Wares

1

1

Carried forward

97

145

242

DESCRIPTION.

131

Hong Kong.

Kowloon and New Territories.

Total.

Brought forward

97

145

242

Joss Sticks

8

Knitting Factories

4

129

133

Laundries

4

N

6

Leather and Fibre Bags

5

7

12

Marble and Terrazzo

1

1

Matting and Grass Rope

1

3

Medicine

3

2

10

5

Metal Sheet Mill.

1

1

Metal Wares

10

15

25

Molasses

1

1

Mosquito Sticks and Insect Powder..

5

5

Neon Lights

1

1

Newspapers

16

16

Noodles

1

2

3

Ore Refineries

3

5

10

8

Ornamental Stones

1

1

Paint and Lacquer

2

1

3

Paper Boxes

1

1

Paper Dyeing

Peanut Oil

10

1

4

5

Pencils

1

1

Perfumery

7

1

Petroleum

1

3

1

Piano

1

1

Picture Frames

1

1

Plaster Work

1

1

Preserves

2

17

19

Printing

53

14

67

Public Utilities

10

5

4

9

Radio Parts

1

1

Rattan

2

3

10

Rope Factory

1

5

1

Carried forward

223

381

604

DESCRIPTION.

132

Hong Kong.

Kowloon and New Territories.

Total.

Brought forward

223

381

604

Rubber Shoes

2

5

7

Sausages

1

1

Sandal Wood, Gypsum Powder, &c.

1

4

10

5

Sesamum Seeds

1

2

3

Shipbuilding and Repairing

7

11

Shirts and Garments

11

16

27

Simplex Gypsum Products

1

1

Shoe Makers

4

1

10

Soap Factory

3

5

3

Soy and Sauce

1

5

Stockings, Silk

17

17

Sugar Factories

ลง

Q

4

Tea Packing

1

1

Telephones (Assembling)

1

1

Thread Factories

1

1

2

Timber Mills

10

6

16

Tin Can Making

9

12

Tobacco Factories

8

1

9

Tooth Brushes

2

2

Tooth Picks

2

2

Torch Factories

13

9

22

Toy Works

1

1

Twine and Tape Makers

1

1

Umbrella Sticks and Frames

1

co

4

Vacuum Flasks

1

1

+

Vermilion and White Lead

2

6

Water Pipes

1

1

Water-proof Cloth

1

1

Weaving Factories

3

79

82

Total (February, 1939)

303

554

857

116. The distribution of male and female workers in certain of the more important industries is shown in the following table. The figures are approximate only as they fluctuate with business prosperity.

133

INDUSTRIES.

Male.

Female.

Total.

Batteries. Dry

200

650

850

Breweries

52

48

100

Cement

423

10

433

Confectionery and Biscuits

575

815

1,390

Electric Torches

600

2.000

2,600

Electro-Plating

650

166

816

Engineering

674

678

Furniture

790

790

Glass and Mirrors

600

95

695

Hats, Cork and Felt

190

575

765

Joss-Sticks

108

663

771

Knitting Factories

1,710

5,035

6,745

Metal Wares

1,756

2,170

3,926

Newspapers

743

2

745

Oil Refineries

449

12

461

Peas, Green

26

570

596

Preserves

454

971

1,425

Printing Factories

3,664

703

4,367

Public Utilities

1,152

1,152

Rubber Factories

1,050

2,790

3,840

(outworkers)

1,760

1,760

Shipyards

10,390

36

10,426

Shirts and Garments

869

542

1,411.

Spinning and Weaving Factories

1,597

4,554

6,151

Stocking Factories

124

491

615

Sugar Refineries

871

81

952

Tobacco Factories

500

1,500

2,000

117. The great variety of factories will be observed, and the large number of knitting and weaving factories in which female labour predominates. The figures may be compared with those of Shanghai, including the International and French Concessions, where in the first half of 1937 there were 22,376 factories and workshops with about 600,000 workers.*

118. In pea-sorting and ginger preserving, which are purely seasonal trades, young persons are commonly employed. A register of such employees is kept.

119. There are four mines, a lead mine at Lin Ma Hang, a wolfram mine at Needle Hill, an iron mine at Ma On Shan with no underground workings except

* Chinese Labour Conditions in 1937 (in Chinese).

134

some cuttings for wolfram prospecting, and at Cha Kwo Ling a kaolin mine. Only the first two are worked on modern lines. The crushing mill at Lin Ma Hang is being registered as a factory. The total number of miners is about a thousand.

120. As female labour is cheaper than male labour, female labour prepon- derates in those trades where dexterity rather than physical strength is required. Chinese girls employed as packers in tobacco factories, etc., are quite up to European standards of proficiency. On the other hand male miners have not the necessary physique, and although their wages are lower than those in Europe or America, their output is proportionately less, so that they cannot be said to be really cheaper than European labour. Much the same may be said of Chinese riveters in shipyards where four men will be seen handling a machine that would be worked by one European. While in these instances the explanation of inadequate physique may be sufficient, yet in many forms of work it is frequently necessary to employ several men to do the work of one. The plumber's mate has proliferated into a gang of assistants whose service is often only to stand and wait. As a result, instead of one man drawing a reasonable wage we find several existing at subsist- ence level, which may avoid unemployment but debases the standard of living. This diffusion of work is obviated in many factories by the introduction of the piece work system. In the large industrial undertakings, such as the dockyards, one has no difficulty in distinguishing the departments in which piece work or time work prevails.

121. In the factories and workshops registered there is an estimated total of 28,170 male and 26,220 female workers, making in all a total of 54,690.

122. These figures of course only cover a portion of the labouring population. Apart from those engaged in fishing, agriculture, and domestic service, there are large numbers of casual workers, such as coal coolies and stevedores and street hawkers, licensed and unlicensed, and the innumerable fokis to be found in every shop who often work for little more than their board and lodging. The number of licensed hawkers was 16,087 in 1936, 13,211 in 1937, and 11,722 in 1938. An itinerant hawker's licence costs four dollars per annum. Many have been paid for from the poor box at the magistracies as a form of relief to the infirm and aged. The decrease does not represent a diminution in the number of hawkers, but merely in the number of those licensed. In 1938 as a result of the influx of refugees there were probably five unlicensed hawkers for every licensed one.

>

123. Most of the labour employed in factories other than shipyards is on a direct basis, skilled labour being frequently employed at monthly rates and unskilled on piece work. This is a rough generalization only as one can find skilled labour on piece work and unskilled on time work. Some factories pay a fixed wage with a bonus on production. Coolie labour in building construction and read making is paid by the day. The shipyards retain a certain number of skilled men on a permanent basis, but the major part of ship-building and repairing is let out to contractors. Although the Hong Kong Mines at Lin Ma Hang employ all labour direct, the Marsman Mine at Needle Hill engages its labour through a labour con- tractor. Coal bunkering and transporting coal and stevedoring in general are let out to contractors. Sub-contracting is rampant in building construction, reclamations, and any scheme which involves the employment of large numbers of coolie labour.

124. Within limits there are certain advantages in the system as in shipyards where there is no constant amount of work and the labour contractor may be able to switch his men from one job here to another there as occasion demands, and to tide them over periods of unemployment with free food and lodging, but it becomes vicious in building construction where it is not a question of splitting a contract among several sub-contractors but of subletting a whole contract through several intermediaries who all take their profit until the actual contractor who does the work may receive so little that he scamps his work or goes bankrupt and is unable to pay his labourers. The standard form of Public Works Department contract contains a clause forbidding the subletting or assignment of a contract or any portion of it without the consent of the engineer, but it is to be feared that in practice this is seldom adhered to.

I

135

125. Labour trouble in connexion with the construction of the catchments at Shing Mun Valley investigated by the writer were found to be due to the sub- contracting system under which payment to the actual labourer was constantly in arrears and frequently deficient.

126. The chief vice in the sub-contracting system is the excessive commission drawn by the contractor. A recent petition from certain ricksha coolies in Kow- loon, who complained that the charge for which rickshas were hired to them by the day had been increased, disclosed, on investigation, the existence of certain sub- contractors who hired the rickshas at forty live to fifty cents a day each and sublet them at seventy five to eighty cents a day. This parasitic growth is being eliminated and action is being taken to control the rate at which contractors, who license their rickshas with the Police Department, hire them to the individual coolies.

127. Another questionable feature of local labour is the apprentice system which was adversely criticized by the 1921 Commission and since then has un- doubtedly decreased with the elimination of child labour in industrial undertakings. While there are genuine apprentices learning their trades as in the dockyards, the system is frequently an excuse to obtain cheap labour in return for little or no wages but with the provision of food and lodging. Several years' apprenticeship may be demanded in what would appear to be largely an unskilled trade, the secrets of which could be mastered in a month. The apprentice system is for boys what the "mui-tsai " system is for girls. It extends into domestic labour where a cook may require a makee-learn to do his work for him.

128. It may safely be said that the employment of child labour in factories in the Colony has been eradicated, although an occasional child may still be found who has wandered in to be near his mother. In 1938 there was only one prosecution for employing children under fourteen years of age.

129. The employment of children, however, even to the early hours of the morning as pages and bell boys (or girls) in local hotels persists, and children are still employed to carry the paraphernalia in Chinese funeral processions. Legislation to extend the prohibition of child labour now in force in factories (age 14), in domestic service (age 12), and at sea (age 14), to all employments would not cover the many child hawkers and newspaper sellers who throng the streets: no one could be proved to "employ" them.

them. One form of child labour, the carrying of building material, has practically disappeared in recent years with the extension of roads and the development of motor transport.

180. Little is known for lack of investigation concerning the conditions of outworkers, such as seamstresses and the women and girls who stitch the canvas uppers of rubber shoes.

181. Conditions in factories vary considerably from those approximating to a garden city as at the Hume Pipe Company at Tsun Wan and the Hong Kong Brewery further along the coast, where the employees are excellently housed and provided with hot and cold baths, to converted tenements in what are little better than urban siums where few or no amenities are provided for the workers.

132. One of those inspected, a tailoring establishment, was so overcrowded that one male worker engaged in ironing was found suspended from the roof on a beam with his ironing board suspended in front of him. Conditions in printing ✔ establishments and in many Chinese newspapers, most of which are concentrated in old property in the central district of Hong Kong, are generally bad.

133. Workers are adequately housed at the Hong Kong Mines, Lin Ma Hang. and lines are being erected at Needle Hill, which are described by Mr. Kershaw in his report* as "far above the standard in use in the Federated Malay States, and other places in the East." He is of the opinion that the requirements of the medical authorities in this instance are excessive. The housing of labour on temporary works at any distance from town as in the catchment works already referred to still leaves

*

Report by the Senior Inspector of Mines. Perak, Federated Malay States, on the subject of the control Sessional Paper measures which the Hong Kong Government should adopt in respect of local mining. No. 14 of 1938.

136

much to be desired. Arrangements have, however, been made by the Public Works Department to insist on the requirements of the Director of Medical Services being complied with by Government contractors.

134. In the urban areas workers, except in certain trades like glass blowing, camphorwood carving, dress-making, and printing, are not generally provided with housing, but the importers of Shanghai and other non-local labour have as a rule made special housing provision for it, and certain firms, like the Taikoo Dock, house some of their employees. Such housing is generally free to the workers. The Taikoo Dock Company exceptionally charges rent but not

on the present day conomic basis. Food is provided free in certain establishments, and the Hong Kong Mines provide a free meal each shift.

135. Adequate fencing of machinery has been achieved is all registered factories. The question of accident compensation will be dealt with in

a later paragraph.

136. The chief criticism that may be made against existing factories is that most of them were not designed as such but have been converted from tenement floors built for housing purposes. In Hong Kong there are 113 factory type build- ings as against 409 converted tenement floors, and in Kowloon 180 factory type buildings against 1,041 converted tenement floors. In Kowloon eighty per cent. of the converted tenements are situated in the Shamshuipo, Taikoktsui, and Mong Kok areas.

In sixteen instances the number of floors rented by certain factories exceeds ten, in one case as many as thirty floors having been converted into one factory. It may be possible in time to segregate factories in certain areas as is at present done in respect of offensive trades. The root of the difficulty of tene- ment factories is that tenements are generally available while factories have to be built, and uncertainty as to the future, and

as to the future, and deficiency of capital, lead to the choice of the lesser financial risk though greater inconvenience of converting existing property.

137. The usual hours of work in factories are seven to twelve and one to five. Overtime, 6 p.m. till 8 p.m., is normal in knitting, rubber shoe and electric torch factories. In certain factories (chiefly European managed) Sundays are holidays, but the worker in Chinese owned undertakings has usually only about seven days off in the year.

Overtime is generally paid at time and a half or time and a third and serves to eke out the low wages of certain piece workers. The hours are long but not so in comparison with China, and seven a.m. to five p.m., a nine hour day, is becoming standardized. Conditions as to hours are certainly worse in the knitting. factories, which are in direct competition with similar factories in China.

188. There is no restriction on the hours during which adult males may be employed. It may be observed that of the forty five prosecutions undertaken in 1938, while only one (already referred to) was for employing children under fourteen years of age, and two for permitting the overcrowding of workers, twenty three were for permitting women and young persons to work during prohibited hours, and nineteen for operating unregistered factories. Twenty four prosecutions Convictions were obtained in were in respect of knitting and weaving factories.

all cases.

Wages and Cost of Living.

139. No adequate survey has yet been made of the cost of living of the labour- ing classes in Hong Kong and although index numbers of wholesale prices are published by the statistical office of the Imports and Exports Department no index numbers of retail prices or cost of living are prepared. This deficiency is at present being remedied. Questionnaires regarding family budgets have been issued through various associations and the results are being collated by the Department of Commerce, Hong Kong University, which hopes at an early date to be in a position to produce index figures of cost of living in respect of the working class.

140. The following table shows the course of wholesale price changes in certain foodstuffs since 1924:-

1922-100.

137

1924* 1931 1932

Beans

1933 1934

100.3 130.9 118.6 101.3 83.9

1935

· 1936

1937

1938

78.7 121.4

145.4 135.9

Beef

116.9

218.0 152.8

173.2

121.3

128.0 161.1

188.9

178.2

Eggs

94.5

131.1

104.5

96.7

86.0

.78.6 93.0

107.7

103.3

Flour (Wheat)

96.4

114.0

98.5

85.7

75.8

66.3

104.4

141.2 116.1

Salt Fish

87.6

125.9 150.0 153.4

137.1

113.9

97.5

Fruits, Fresh

123.4

306.7

274.5

250.1 233.0

201.5

106.9 100.2

256.2 310.0 303.2

Lard

106.9

138.0

114.7

101.2

78.5

82.7 113.2 146.2

105.6

Peanut Oil

111.6

117.1

122.1

101.7

73.1

84.7 131.3 151.3

Pork

103.6

133.8

119.8

109.6

87.3

77.3

97.3

111.6

151.9 124.4

Poultry

111.0 175.2

147.7

117.0

88.8

86.1

92.2

124.7 118.1

Rice (Broken)

... 112.3 126.1

118.3

88.9

66.1

68.6

103.0

133.0 125.8

Rice (White)

110.2 133.2

113.5

93.5

72.2

71.4

106.3

123.5 120.9

Vegetables

(Dried, etc.)

96.3

64.3

56.8 45.2 45.4

46.6

55.5

56.1

59.5

141. The variations in wholesale prices are reflected in the retail prices shown in the following rough table of costs per catty (pound and a third) of staple foed- stuffs of the wage earning classes for the last nine years:

1930

1931 1932

1933 1934 1985

1936

1937 1938

$ c.

$ c.

$ c.

$ c.

$.c.

$e.

$ c.

$ c.

Rice (3rd Grade)

per catty

9.2

8.6

8.4

7.6

5.6

4.9

6.3

7.9

7.8

Fresh Fish

26.2

25.0

31.5

31.8

25.3

23.8

20.9

26.9

24.4

Salt Fish

33.7

32.0

34.6

27.8

23.1

22.5

21.2

24.1

25.2

Beef

49.0

49.0 48.0

44.4

40.6

35.2

32.8

36.8

37.6

19

Pork

54.0

53.0

55.0

51.4

41.6

38.9

41 7

51.9

49.7

Oil

23.2

23.0

24.2

21.4

15.3

15.8

23.7

28.3

22.2

Firewood

1.4

1.4

1.4

1.1

1.0

0.9

0.8

1.0

1.4

142. One cause of the variations in the market price of imports has been the fluctuation in the value of the local dollar in terms of sterling as shown in the following table.

Year.

Average rate.

1924

2/41/

1929

2j

1930

1/3

1931

1/ 0

(January 1113d; December 1,54)

1932

1/ 34

1933

1/ 41

1934

1/ 6

1935

1/11

(May 1/44; December 1/8) (2/4 to 1/83)

1936

1/ 31

1937

1/ 218

1938

1/ 24

143. The figures which appear annually regarding cost of living in the report of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs are based on information obtained from the District Watch Force. At my request figures were furnished from the same source showing the cost of living of an ordinary labourer. The figures have been tabulated as follows:

*The collection of trade statistics was commenced in 1917, discontinued in 1925, and resumed in 1930.

138

SINGLE MAN (per month).

Hong Kong.

Kowloon.

Central.

Eastern. Western.

Yaumati. Average.

$ c.

$ c.

$ c.

$ c.

Summer

5.40

5.50

5.40

5.30

5.40

Food

Winter

6.00

6.00

5.80

5.80

5.90

Summer

4.50

4.00

5.00

4.50

4.50

Housing & Light

Winter

4.50

4.00

5.00

4.50

4.50

Summer

1.00

1.00

0.90

0.90

0.95

Clothes

Winter

2.00

1.80

1.80

1.80

1.85

Summer

10.90

10.50

11.30

10.70

10.85

Total

Winter

12.50

11.80

12.60

12.10

12.25

MAN AND WIFE.

Central.

Eastern.

Western.

Yaumati.

Average.

$. c.

$ c.

$5

C.

$ c.

$ c.

Summer

9.20

9.80

9.50

9.50

9.50

Food

Winter

10.00

10.50

10.20

10.20

10.20

Summer

7.00

6.00

7.00

7.00

6.75

Housing & Light

Winter

7.00

6.00

7.00

7.00

6.75

Summer

2.00

1.80

1.70

1.80

1.80

Clothes

Winter

3.50

3.20

3.00

3.20

3.20

Summer

18.20

17.60

18.20

18.30

18.10

Total

Winter

20.50

19.70

20.20

20.40

20.20

EACH CHILD.

Central.

Eastern.

Western. Yaumati.

Average.

$ c.

$ c.

$ c.

C.

$ c.

Summer

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

Food

Winter

2.50

2.50

2.40

2.60

2.50

Suniner

0.60

0.60

0.60

0.60

0.60

Housing & Light

Winter

0.60

0.60

0.60

0.60

0.60

Summer

0.30

0.30

0.40

0.50

0.37

Clothes

Winter

0.40

0.40

0.50

0.60

0.47

Suminer

2.90

2.90

3.00

3.10

. 2.97

Total

Winter

3.50

3.50

3.50

3.80

3.57

144. Admittedly, these figures are not the result of a properly conducted survey and there is no item in respect of miscellaneous expenditure, but the figures do show the large proportion of income expended on housing.

139

145. It is a generally accepted principle that " rent should not exceed one fifth of the family income."* I have consulted the Assessor in the matter who has been so good as to inform me that, in his opinion, the average rent paid to-day by the labouring class in Hong Kong for a bedspace is from $2.50 to $3.00 per month and for a cubicle from $5.00 to $6.00 per month in Chinese tenement houses. Water is generally included and, sometimes, electric light. It will be seen therefore that in the case of a family frequently more than a third of the income is expended on housing and that accommodation for a single man, who contents himself with a bedspace, costs not less than $2.50 per month, and for a man and a wife about $6.00. This is a large proportion of a small income as it must be remembered that the lower the income the greater the proportion that must be expended on food. Certain surveys conducted in China show as much as 75 per cent (in the case of ricksha coolies).†

146. Food consists mainly of rice. The following Chinese diets are quoted from the 1936 Blue Book :-

Diet for Chinese Prisoners, men and women, with hard labour.§

Sunday. Monday. Tuesday. Wednesday. Thursday. Friday. Saturday.

Breakfast:

Rice (Red)

Rice (White)

Fresh

Vegetables

Salt Vegetables.

Chutney

Oil

Salt

Tea

Salt Fish

12 oz.

12 oz.

12 oz.

12 oz.

12 oz.

12 oz.

12 oz.

CO

14

""

14

нико

1

1

''

4

Midday Meal

Supper:-

+

''

AK

17

"

1

14 14

1

3

14 148

Sunday. Monday.

***

H

عاشور

3

**

1

23

""

4

+

*

12

CO

214

+

"

1

1

>>

>>

1

Congee

1 Pint.

Tuesday. Wednesday. Thursday. Friday. Saturday.

Rice (Red)

12 oz.

12 oz.

12 oz.

12 oz.

12 oz..

Rice (White)

12 oz.

12 oz.

Fresh

Vegetables Chutney

14

10

10

14

"

22

11

нака

4

нако

3

34

1

4 22

нако

4

94

+

gg

4

1

1

1

Oil

Salt

1

1

32

Tea

*H

1

""

Fresh Fish

3

21

Fresh Beef

4. "

1

1

14 14

5

10

""

1

3

27

4. "

1

1

17

5,

*

Report of the Housing Commission, 1935, Appendix II.

مسرور

4

****

3

J

+ Ricksha coolies in Hong Kong have four meals a day.

Those taken during working hours are small.

The average cost of rations for a Chinese prisoner is at present approximately $4.35 a month.

140

Diet for 3rd Class Chinese Patients in Government Hospitals.

Breakfast:-7.30 a.m.

FULL DIET.

Fish, Fresh with oz. Ground Nut Oil (or 1 Salt Egg, alternately) Pork, Fresh (with 1 Salt Egg, or 3 Water Chestnuts, alternately) Rice

Tea (Chinese)

Vegetables, Fresh

Tiffin:-12.30 p.m.

Beef Congee (2 oz. Beef, 1 oz. Rice)

Egg, Salt

Supper:-4 p.m.

Fish, Fresh, with oz. Ground Nut Oil (or 2 oz. Pork with 4 oz.

Acidulated Vegetables, alternately)

Rice

Vegetables, Fresh

2 oz.

2

22

12

1

4

1

pt.

2 oz.

12

21

4 22

147. The ordinary working man has two meals a day, morning and evening, with a cup of tea and a few cakes at midday, costing about five cents. These meals consist chiefly of the following:

(a) If made at home: 4-6 bowls of rice, a little pork or beef, 2 or 3

cents vegetables, salt fish, tea.

Cost 18-20 cents.

(b) If bought at stall: rice, noodles, or macaroni, or congee at about two cents a bowl, with a little roast meat or duck, salt fish or beancurd.

Cost: 15 cents.

148. Another analysis of monthly living costs is:-

Food: $5.40 to $6.00.

Rent: $3.00 for a bedspace (sleeps in street when income is small).

Clothing $1.00 (6 cotton suits at $1.40 each, 4 cotton singlets at 40 cents each, and a few shorts every year, with a woollen jacket which lasts several years).

Other items: $2.00.

Minimum cost per month: $9 without bedspace.

$12 with bedspace.

149. It would appear that, largely owing to the recent high increase in the cost of firewood, due to hostilities in China, it is cheaper to purchase cooked food at a stall than to cook it at home. The monthly cost of food for an adult male is between five and six dollars, in both tables.

150. The Hong Kong Society for the Protection of Children which keeps a record of family incomes calculated per head of persons in family, does not, unless there are exceptional circumstances, give assistance if the family income exceeds $4.00 per head per month.

* The average cost of rations for a Chinese prisoner is at present approximately $4.35 a month.

141

151. The average monthly income of families under relief was $1.57 per head in 1938.* The lowest in any one month was $0.86 at the Eastern Centre. The following table shows comparison with previous years:-

1932 1933

1934

1935

1936

1937 1938

$2.93

2.49

2.05

2.01

1.73

1.80

1.57

The table shows an alarming and almost continuous decline in income since 1932.

152. Children are suckled for long periods until they can digest rice, as the poorer classes are unable to afford cow's milk.

153. The investigations of the recently gazetted Nutrition Research Committee, which was appointed "to inquire into the question of nutrition in the Colony includ- ing the application of dietetics to the social problems of the Colony," should throw light on the subject of the adequacy of the normal Chinese labourer's diet, as with his preference for polished rice and the incidence of beri-beri there is much scope for inquiry and education.

154. The wages and cost of living of the labouring classes in Hong Kong are subject not only to the effects of the trade cycle but also to conditions peculiar to China and to the fluctuations in the value of the dollar which until 1935 was based on the price of silver. Its sterling value is now practically stabilized.

In 1935. as the result of the trade depression many labourers returned to China and rents fell accordingly. In 1938, trade boomed, rents soared, and accommodation was at times unattainable by many.

155. No adequate statistics have been kept but it would not appear that rates of wages have fluctuated to anything like the same extent as cost of living, with the result that there must have been considerable disparity between real and money wages.

156. The Salaries Commissiont reporting in 1929 on the adequacy of the exist- ing scales of salaries, wrote-

"We think, after a careful consideration of the evidence of a large number of witnesses of this class, that the lowest wage paid to a labourer in Government employ should be $12 a month although in most cases we have recommended a commencing wage of $13 a month. This compares favourably with wages paid by private employers. In many cases men stated quite frankly that they had entered Government service because they improved their position by doing so, and they were fully alive to the advantage which greater security of continued employment gave them."

157. In addition, these workers are entitled to free quarters or an allowance in lieu, and, as a result of the recommendations of the Commission, receive a Chinese New Year Bonus.

S" (a) A bonus on the following scale is payable at Chinese New Year to Chinese monthly paid officers with three years' service or more other than the discipline staff of the Police, Fire Brigade and Prisons Department:-

Annual salary up to $240

>>

وو

33

One month's pay.

from

241 to $252

$16.

253 to 264

12.

""

265 to

276

8.

>>

277 to 288

4.

39

289 and over

Nil.

* 9th Annual Report of the Hong Kong Society for the Protection of Children covering the period from

1.11.37 to 31.10.38.

+ Sessional Paper No. 7 of 1929.

§ General Orders of the Hong Kong Government para. 105.

142

(b) A bonus on the following scale is payable at Chinese New Year to Chinese daily paid staff who have during the 12 months immediately preceding that date worked on 300 days or more :-

Wages up to

67 to 70 cents a day

66 cents a day

from

""

71 to 75

""

""

76 to 80

27

>>

above 85

>>

"

55

""

>"

30 days' pay.

$16.

12.

8.

Nil.

Annual salary includes personal allowance but no other allowances."

158. The commencing salary for coolies in Government employment is still $13.00 a month as recommended in 1929. Third class postmen commence at $17.00 a month, railway porters and gatemen at $13.00 a month and scavenging coolies at $12.00. Male officers other than members of the floating staff on salary scales of which the minimum is less than $420 per annum will be granted allow- ances of $4 per month when no quarters are available, and $2 per month where single quarters are available."*

159. The following are typical rates of pay of Chinese workers in local factories. They are not furnished in detail but are included merely as indicative of the general rates of wages obtaining:

Bakers and Confectioners, (European control).

Permanent male workers: These work in shifts during the day and night. The rates of pay vary according to their skill.

Shifts.

11 men, 2 p.m.-5 p.m.; 6 p.m.-10 p.m.;

11 p.m.-1 a.m.

3 men, 2 a.m.-6 a.m.; 7 a.m.-10 a.m.. 16 men, 4 a.m.-8 a.m.; 9 a.m.-12 noon 4 females-chocolate makers, 7 a.m.-1 p.m.

Bakers and Confectioners (Chinese control).

Males, permanent

Forewomen

Female workers, piece work

Batteries (Torch) etc.

Male workers, permanent

Female piece work

Box Makers, Camphorwood.

Males, monthly

Males, piece work

$15-$30 a month.

$18-$35

>>

$10-$55

$10-$15

$7-$70 a month-board and

lodging.

$20-$80 a month.

$.25-.50 a day.

$6-$15-board and lodging and

bonus.

$.15-.35 a day, extra pay from

6-8 p.m.

$8-$13-board and lodging.

$.40-$1.20 a day (different classes:

of work).

Food is supplied but cost is refunded to master monthly.

Box Makers, Carboard.

Males, monthly

Males, daily

Females, piece work

* General Order No. 119 (2).

$15-$21---board and lodging. $1.00 (irregular times).

$.25-.40 a day.

143

Building Trade.

Locomotive Drivers.

Carpenters

$1.30 to $1.80 per day.

0.80 to 1.30

وو

Bricklayers

0.80 to

1.30

"

Painters

0.80 to

1.30

وو

Plasterers (including Shanghai plasterers)..

1.00 to

1.50

"

Scaffolders...

1.00 to

1.50

"

Labourers (male)

.60 to

.80

"

(female)

.40 to .50

3.

Working hours-9 per day. Time and a half paid for overtime.

Free temporary sleeping quarters provided on the building site and communal

messing at cheap rates for men only.

Cement Works (European control).

Foremen

$30-$132.50 a month.

Skilled men

$1-$1.60 a day.

Unskilled men-labourers

50-80 cents a day.

―packers on piece work...........

$.90-$1.00 a day.

Three shifts

each of 8 working hours and two days off on change of shift, every third week.

Hospital expenses and Insurance benefit for permanent employees.

Contractors' Coolies.

A day's work reckoned from 7 a.m.-12 noon; 1-5.30 p.m.

Males-Daily pay

40-60 cents.

-With board and lodging

25-30

Females-Daily pay

Casual labourers

35-50

""

$.40 a day average.

Sand carrying coolies. From junk to building site by lorry or basket-$.25 for 100 cubic feet. A good man can earn up to $1.00 a day.

Electro-plating.

Male workers-monthly rates Females, piece work

Engineering.

Males, daily rates

Apprentices

Specialists

Feather Works. (sorting, picking, &c.)

Permanent workers, male only

Carrying coolies, odd jobs Packing coolies

Females, piece work, sorting

Females, piece work, "fine picking"

$8-$40-board and lodging.

$.15-.35; time and third from 6-8

p.m.

80 cents flat rate-board and

lodging.

$1.50 a month-board and lodging. Over $1.00 a day-board and

lodging.

$15-board

bonus.

4 cents a bale. about 7 cents

$1 a day.

and lodging and

a bale, approx.

average 40 cents a day; overtime

6-8 p.m., $.30 more.

$.60 a day.

144

Felt Hats.

Males, permanent Males, daily

Females

وو

Females, permanent

Fruit (Preserved) workers.

Male workers, permanent Women, piece-workers

Glass Blowers.

Males, permanent

Apprentices

Gunny Bag Manufacturers (European control).

Skilled labourers

Unskilled

>"

Unskilled women

Pieceworkers, men

$7-$40 a month-board & lodging.

$.60-.80

$.25-.70

6-8 p.m.-time and

half.

$15-$20-board and lodging.

$3-$20 a month-board & lodging. $.15-.60 a day.

$11-$30

lodging.

month-board and

$3-$6 a month-clothing, board

and lodging.

$29-$45 a month (Graded).

$18-$19

$10-$16

$35-$45

وو

"

>>

وو

""

(Baling coolies),

Pieceworkers-men

"

--women, sewing and darning.

Handkerchief Makers.

40-50 cents per bale, according

to contents.

$.50 a day, general labourers. $.40-.50 a day.

3 cash (.3 cent) a bag.

Males, permanent

Females, piecework

Hats, Cork.

Males, monthly workers

Females, piecework

Ivory Workers.

Males, permanent, paid by piecework ..........

Joss Stick Makers.

Permanent workers, male

Females, all piecework

Knitting Factory.

Males, permanent

>>

apprentices

Females, piecework

$25-$40-board and lodging. $.20-.40 a day (6-8 p.m. time and

half).

$2 (apprentices) to $20-board

and lodging.

$.30-.55 a day (6-8 p.m., 10 cents

more).

ranging from $30-$80 a month

and lodging.

$3-$15.-board and lodging. $.20 to .30 a day.

$20 beginners.

$15-$80-board and lodging. $2-$8-

$.20-$1.00 a day (different grades

of work).

$1.00 women in singlet making, this includes overtime 6-8 p.m.

Medicine (Chinese) Workers.

Male workers, all permanent

Females, piecework

Mines.

145

$10-$30 રી month-board and

lodging.

$.15-.40 a day.

Skilled men

Coolies

Mosquito Sticks.

Males, permanent Females, piecework

Ore Refineries.

Males, permanent Males, daily

Paint and Lacquer Workers.

Males, monthly

Females, daily workers

Paper Dyeing.

Males, piecework Females

Pea (Green) Sorting.

Males, piecework

Females

Young persons,,

Perfumery.

Males, monthly, permanent Females, piecework

$1-$3 a day-free quarters. $.70-.90 a day.

$20 average-board and lodging. $.20-.30 a day. (6-8 p.m., extra.)

$5-$23 a month-board & lodging. $.30-.40.

$10-$50-board and lodging

(different grades).

$.25 average (No Sunday work).

$.40-$1.00 a day and rice money. $.20-$.40 a day.

$.25-.30 a day.

.15-.20 a day.

.15-.20 a day.

$7-$50-board and lodging. $.24-.42 a day: 6-8 p.m. time and

half.

Printing Works.

Skilled males (artists) Male workers, permanent Female workers, piecework

Rattan Workers.

Males, monthly Females, piecework

Rope (Grass) Workers.

Males, permanent Females, piecework

$30-$150 a month. $20-$80-board. $.50-$1.00 a day.

$5-$30-board and lodging. $.30-$1.00 a day. 6-8 p.m. 20

cents extra.

$5-$18 a month-board & lodging. $.30-.35 a day.

Rope Workers (European control).

Skilled artisans, permanent

Foremen, permanent

Workmen, daily

Females, (spinning), daily

After 5 p.m.-time and half.

146

$1.10 to $2.20 a day. $.90 to $1.45

$.52-.66

و,

دو

$.42

وو

No work on Sundays. Hospital expenses due to accidents paid:

no pay, have to provide substitute.

Rubber Workers.

Females.

وو

وو

Cutting canvas uppers

Punching eyelets

Gumming canvas uppers

$.12-.15 per 100 prs. $.36- .60 a day.

و,

>>

>>

$.50- .70

$.48- .60

""

""

$.60- .90

33

J

$.05-.06 $.06

·

وو

Fixing soles to uppers

...

$.03 a pair

""

Fixing eyelets

$.06

Cutting soles

$.12-.15

""

25

JJ

Cutting inner soles

$.10

"J

Cleaning and packing

$.10

,,

وو

per 100 prs. $.48- .90

$.72-1.05

$.50- .60

$.60 .70

$.20- .45

25

22

Learners and unskilled workers

Females outside labour, machine stitching uppers:

Shoes Boots

Rubber Knee Boots-all female workers.

Cutting and shaping rubber

Assembling department

Trimming and wrapping

$.25 for 10 pairs.

$.06 for 1 pair.

$1.50 a day.

$.80-$1.20 $ .75

33

""

Males.

Engineers, permanent staff

Daily workers, milling rubber ...

Overtime-Time and half for males and females alike.

Shipping and Engineering.

$30-100 a month. $.40-.80 a day.

Electricians

Coppersmiths

Fitters

Sawmillers

Boilermakers

Sailmakers

Blacksmiths

Turners

Pattern-makers

Labourers

$1.00-1.40 a day.

1.00-1.60

.80-1.55

وو

.70-1.25

,,

.95-1.20

""

1.00-1.40

""

.75-1.20

1.00-1.40

1.00-1.40

.70-1.00

""

""

Overtime-time and half. Night work-double time.

Shirt Makers

All male workers

$6-$60 a month-board & lodging. (apprentices and different

grades).

Shoes, Leather (Foreign style).

Apprentices. 16-18 years old

Men. Men's shoes

Women's

147

Stocking Knitting.

Males, monthly

Females-piece work

Sugar Refinery. (European control).

Senior Chinese Staff

Permanent male workers, fitters &c.

$.30-$1.00 a month with free board and lodging estimated at $6-8 a month. Clothes supplied once a year. Apprenticeship three years.

$.60-$1.00 a pair.

$.40- .70

Average output three pairs in two days.

$4-$30-board and lodging.

$.25-.50 a day.

6-8 p.m., time

and half.

$75-$100 a month. $1.20 daily average.

""

""

وو

fitters coolies ...

.69

"

6 hours shifts.

Sundays.

No work on

""

Skilled males $18.00 average per month

Unskilled

$16.50

All females, flat rate of $10.40 a month-No work on Sundays; Hospital expenses due to accidents on duty paid.

Sweet Makers.

Male workers

Female

وو

Tin Can Makers.

piece work

Skilled male labour

Ordinary male labour-average

""

""

"

Females

Piece work-monthly average............... Accommodation and board for apprentices.

$4-$20 а month-board and

lodging.

$.20-.50 a day.

$80-$100 (including late work).

$24.70 a month.

$28.60 for night work.

$.25-.40 a day. (6-8 p.m., time

and half).

$11.50 to $14.50.

Tobacco Workers (Cigarette makers) (Chinese control).

Permanent male workers

Daily

$34-100 a month.

$.80

Hospital expenses paid and medicine provided.

Permanent female workers

Daily workers

Daily ordinary worker

$28.50-$45 a month.

$.80 a day.

$.30-.50 a day.

"

pieceworkers

$.30-.65

"J

148

Tobacco Workers (Cigarette makers) (European control).

Male skilled time-workers (average)

Unskilled coolies

""

Unskilled boys

Female pieceworkers

29

Unskilled female time-workers

""

$1.00 per nine-hour day.

.56

.47

""

,,

.63

""

Z

.48

All workers are classified as permanent after 6 months' service.

Torches, Electric.

Only a few permanent workers.

(1) Daily-males

-females

(2) Piecework, females

Transport Workers.

""

$.60 to $1.10, fitters and platers

&c.

$.25 to $.32, assembling.

$.40-.45 a day: 6-8 p.m., time

and third.

pay.

Tram Drivers

Conductors

Chinese New Year Bonus.

Bus Drivers (Chinese Bus Co.)

Conductors (

J

وو

""

)

$36-45 per month.

30-39

27-54

18-21

Working hours-9 per day. Free uniform.

Free uniform. Bonus at end of year-3 days'

Bus Drivers (European Bus Co.)

وو

Conductors (

وو

""

""

}

Working hours-9 per day. Free uniform.

Transport Coolies.

Coal coolies

Ricksha coolies

Weaving and Spinning.

Males, monthly Females, piecework

$55 per month.

$22.50-35.00 per month. One month's salary bonus.

$0.60-$0.70 per day.

0.55

0.60- 0.70

>>

$12-$50-board and lodging.

$.25-.60 a day: 6-8 p.m. time and

third.

Housing.

180. The question of housing has already been referred to in connexion with the concentration of the population in the urban areas round the harbour, the high cost of accommodation for the working classes and the encroachment by factories upon property designed for housing purposes.

161. For many years the law relating to buildings was combined with the law relating to public health in the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance No. 1 of 1903. In 1935 these were separated into several Public Health Ordinances and the Buildings Ordinance No. 18 of 1935, which is described as an ordinance to amend and consolidate the law relating to the construction of buildings. In a colony subject to violent typhoons buildings have to be substantial, and the law has concentrated on the question of construction rather than that of town planning.

162. A Town Planning Committee was appointed in 1922 but its labours do not appear to have borne much fruit.

L

149

163. A Commission was appointed in 1923 to inquire as to what measures are possible to increase the quantity and decrease the cost of housing accommodation in the Colony. While certain recommendations of the Commission, such as the improvement and extension of communications, are largely out-of-date with the development of roads and motor transport, it is of interest to note that reference was made to the transfer of military lands and it was recommended that the removal of of the military from the central and already levelled and drained sites in the heart of the City of Victoria and of the Kowloon Peninsula should be expedited. The Commission declared that these sites, which occupy some hundreds of acres, are vital to the residential and commercial expansion of the Colony. The areas in question are still occupied by the military, that in the heart of Kowloon Peninsula as mule lines.

164. The Commission while of the opinion that it was impracticable to do away with middle-men in the building of houses recommended that the re-letting of a whole contract should be forbidden by law, as the practice tended to increase the cost of buildings. The failure to enforce a clause in Public Works contracts forbidding sub- letting has already been commented on.

been commented on. The Commission also observed that the existing labour guilds sought to debar new-comers from the country by large entrance fees. The practice of demanding large entrance fees appears to have been common among guilds and unions about this time as the author of "Some Aspects of the Labour Situation in Canton " who investigated in 1926, reports that the Coffin Makers Union required of each member the payment of seventy dollars as an initiation fee.

165. The Commission recommended in the interest of all branches of trade in the Colony that a law should be passed "for the reference to a strong and independent tribunal, with one representative of the employers and one representative of the workmen as assessors, of all disputes in this Colony relating to wages to be paid to workmen, hours of employment and holidays. Such a law is clearly desirable in the interests of workmen, no less than in those of employers, for it is of the utmost importance to the former to know that they have a definite tribunal to which they can appeal with the full certainty of their grievances being gone into without delay and without any cessation of wages such as is involved in a strike."

166. Among other recommendations the Commission proposed the building of houses for the accommodation at a reasonable rent of Government servants of all races and grades.

167. No effect appears to have been given to these recommendations.

168. A further step in the direction of town planning was taken in the appoint- ment of the Playing Fields Committee, † which made certain recommendations, not only for playing fields but for "lungs" and open spaces.

169. In 1935 a Housing Commission was appointed "to inquire into the housing difficulties in Victoria and Kowloon with special reference to overcrowding and its effect on tuberculosis and suggest steps which should be taken to remedy existing conditions."

170. In Appendix 2 to the Report, which was issued in 1938, it is pointed out from figures contained in the census of 1931, when the population was only about 850,000, that in Hong Kong there were some 270 acres populated at an average density of over one thousand per acre, with a minimum of eight hundred per acre and a maximum of over one thousand seven hundred per acre in parts. This density has no doubt increased with the recent influx of refugees.

171. The old-fashioned, but still the most common type, of Chinese tenement house is of three or four storeys, often with a shop on the ground floor. The length is about 43′ 6" and the breadth, which is determined by the length of the China fir pole, about 13' 6". The height of the flats might be 13' but this is frequently utilised

* Sessional Paper No. 10 of 1923.

+ Sessional Paper No. 2 of 1930.

Sessional Paper No. 12 of 1938.

150

to erect a cockloft over part of the floor. Such a flat might be likened to a pigeon hole with an open verandah, windows between the verandah and the flat proper and the other end blocked by a kitchen but with a window in the corner over a covered yard. It is frequently let to a principal tenant who occupies a portion of the flat and sublets the remainder in cubicles and bedspaces to as many individuals or families as he or she can crowd in. A flat in normal times may have as many as twenty five adults stowed away in cubicles, bedspaces and cocklofts: and the population is at present swollen with an addition of twenty five to fifty per cent, accommodated in existing houses.

172. As has already been pointed out, a cubicle will cost about five or six dollars a month, so that with the cost of food at five to six dollars per month per adult, the author of the appendix to the Report was constrained to remark "A family of four therefore, earning a total of sixteen dollars per month cannot really afford anything for rent or clothing."

173. The Commission recommended that Government should consider the erection of experimental quarters for their Asiatic employees. Up to the present little has been done in this connexion beyond the provision of lodging houses for a certain number of sanitary coolies, a few Public Works Department labourers, and certain subordinate staff at Government hospitals.

174. The Commission also recommended that Government should encourage and where necessary assist the establishment by charitable organizations of "settle- ments in the slum areas.

وو

A recent experiment in social settlement in Kowloon where a number of flats were rented and let to tenants without overcrowding, with the provision of a warden and a kindergarten, and the elimination of the principal tenant's profits, showed that in many cases a sub-economic rent had to be charged.

175. The main recommendation of the Commission was, however, that a per- manent Town Planning and Housing Committee be formed to advise Government on town planning and housing matters.

It is understood that legislation on the lines of certain sections of the Federated Malay States Sanitary Boards enactment, 1929, is being prepared providing for the appointment of an urban planning board with a view to proper zoning and planning. Tenement factories will no doubt in time be abolished, and all new factories confined to suitable areas.

176. The question of slum clearance and the provision of sub-economic housing would appear to depend on the restriction of the population to numbers which the Colony can properly support.

177. The Commission generally referred to the necessity of decentralizing the population and preparing a survey of local industry and housing, each in relation to the other. In connexion with decentralization the abandonment of the system of workmen's tickets on the Hong Kong trams has already been remarked.

178. In 1921 it was found necessary to control rents by a Rents Ordinance, the provisions of which were extended by the Rents Ordinance No. 14 of 1922, which expired on 30th June, 1926. Owing to the increase in population last year, the Prevention of Eviction Ordinance No. 6 of 1938 was enacted to prevent unreasonable eviction of tenants and to make provisions as to the rent and recovery of possession of premises in certain cases. By the Prevention of Eviction Amendment Ordinance, 1939, powers were given to the court to determine questions relating to rent, and certain restrictions were placed on the issue of distress warrants.

179. The present position is that housing for the working classes is generally unsuitable, inadequate, and expensive. Families and individuals are thrown together to the almost complete destruction of privacy. Where free housing is not provided as part of a worker's emoluments-and it must be remembered that such housing rarely takes into account the possible existence of a family-the amount required for rent in the case of a family man represents a disproportionately large part of his income.

151

Accidents, Medical Treatment and Compensation.

180. Section 5 (1) (i) of the Factories and Workshops Ordinance No. 18 of 1937 empowers the Urban Council to make by-laws in respect of industrial under- takings for the purpose of prescribing means of preventing accidents in factories and workshops and of relieving persons suffering from the effects of such accidents."

CC

181. "Industrial undertaking" by definition includes not only factories and workshops but also mines, quarries, handling of goods at docks, etc., and the transport of passengers or goods by road or rail, etc., but does not include any agricultural operation. It is therefore surprising to find the power to make by-laws concerning the prevention and notification of accidents restricted to factories and workshops to the exclusion of such industrial undertakings as mines.

182. By-laws to which none has been since added were published as a Schedule to the Ordinance. These deal with the fencing of machinery, the cleaning of dangerous machinery, and the notification of accidents.

188. By-law 14 reads:-

(1) Every accident which occurs in a factory or workshop and results in loss of life or disablement of any worker so as to cause him to be absent for more than three days from his ordinary work in such factory or workshop shall within seven days from the date thereof be reported in the form in Appendix III to these by-laws, either at the office of the Protector er at a police station.

CC

(2) If any accident causing disablement is notified under this by-law and the person disabled subsequently dies as a result of the accident, notice in writing of the death shall forthwith be given either at the office of the Protector or at a police station.'

*

184. Neither in the by-law nor in the form is there any indication of who is required to make the report. At the end of the form is the line

Signature of person making the report. Presumably the occupier or manager of the factory is intended, but no duty or liability is put upon him. The cause of the accident is on notification investigated by the Factories Inspector with a view to ascertaining whether the regulations have been complied with and whether further precautions to obviate such accidents are indicated.

185. What is meant by by-laws for the purpose "of relieving persons suffer- ing from the effects of such accidents" is not known: no such by-laws exist. It is understood that it does not mean the passing of by-laws for workmen's compensation.

186. A list of the accidents which occurred in factories, mines, etc., in 1938 follows:

Industries.

Brewery

Canning Factories

Accidents due to

Machinery.

Falls.

Falling

Objects.

Scalds.

Burns and

Miscellaneous.

Total

number of accidents.

Fatalities.

1

1

1

1

2

1

Chemical Factories

Carried forward

1

1

1

1

1

Industries.

152

Accidents due to

Total

number of Fatalities. accidents.

Brought forward

1 1

1

1

4

Cigarette Factories

2

Cold Storage Plant

1

1

Cotton Quilt Factories

1

1

Dry Cleaners and Laundries

2

2

Engineering and Metal Wares

7

1

8

Hat Factories

1

1

Knitting and Weaving Factories

6

8

Leather Goods Factories

1

1

Mines

2 (2)

2

Oil Installations

1

1

Perfumery Factories

1

1

Printing Factories

4

Printing Ink Factories

2

2

Quarries

1

1

Rope Works

2

2

Rubber Factories

2

1

00

3

Shipyards

8 42 (9) 12 (1)

1

18

81

10

Sugar Refineries

1

1

3

Utility Companies

1

3 (1)

2 (1)

2

44

44 (9) 18 (4)

9

26 (1)

141

14

The figures in parenthesis denote Fatalities and are included in the total.

187. There is at present no Workmen's Compensation legislation but such is being prepared.

188. By section 18 of the Pensions Ordinance No. 21 of 1932 which is an ordinance to consolidate and amend the law regulating the granting of Pensions, Gratuities and other Allowances in respect of public service,

(1) It shall be lawful for the Governor in Council to award to the widow and orphans of an officer who has been killed in the discharge of his duty, or who dies as a direct result of injuries received while on duty, or who dies of illness the contraction of which was specifically attributable to the nature of his duties a pension not exceeding ten-sixtieths of the deceased officer's emoluments or $100 a year, whichever sum is greater: Provided that this maximum may be exceeded in exceptional cases.

153

(2) If the widow of any such officer marries again her pension under the provisions of this section shall cease on the remarriage: Provided that the pension may in the discretion of the Governor in Council, be revived upon re-widowhood.

(3) The pension of an orphan under the provisions of this section shall cease in the case of a male at the age of eighteen years, and in the case of a female on marriage or at the age of twenty-one years.

A similar section is included in the regulations made under the Police Force Ordinance No. 37 of 1932.

189. The regulations made under the Pensions Ordinance, 1932, provide for the grant of an allowance for injured officers:

(1) Where a person employed in the public service of this Colony has been permanently injured—

(a) in the actual discharge of his duty; and

(b) without his own fault; and

(c) by some injury specifically attributable to the nature of his duty; and his retirement is thereby necessitated or materially accelerated, he may be granted in respect of such injury, in addition to any pension or allowance granted under these regulations, an annual allowance at the rate of the proportion of his actual pensionable emoluments at the date of his injury appropriate to his case as shown in the following table:

Where his capacity to contribute to his support is :—

slightly impaired

sixty

seven-hundred-and-twentieths

(60/720ths).

one hundred and twenty seven-hundred- and-twentieth's (120/720ths).

impaired

materially impaired

one hundred and eighty seven-hundred- and-twentieths (180-720ths).

totally destroyed

*

two hundred and forty seven-hundred-and- twentieths (240/720ths).

Provided that no such allowance, together with any pension granted under these regulations, shall exceed the limit prescribed in section 11 of the Ordinance.

(2) The amount of the annual allowance shall be reduced to such an extent as the Governor in Council shall think reasonable in the following

cases-

(a) where the injured man has continued to serve for not less than

one year after the injury in respect of which he retires;

(b) where the injured man is not less than fifty years of age at the

date of the injury; or

(c) where the injury is not the sole cause of retirement, but the retire- ment is caused partly by age or infirmity not due to the injury.

(3) Where the officer so injured holds a pensionable office and his length of service is not such as to qualify him for a pension, but he is qualified for a gratuity under regulation 20, he may be granted in lieu of such gratuity an annual allowance of one seven-hundred-and-twentieth (1/720th) of his pensionable emoluments for each complete month of pensionable service in addition to the allowance which may be awarded to him under this regulation.

(4) Any officer so injured, but not qualified for either a pension or a gratuity, may nevertheless be granted a pension of the same amount as the additional pension which he might have been granted if he had been so qualified.

Similar provision is made in the Police Pensions Regulations.

154

190. The more important British industrial undertakings in the Colony already have schemes of compensation of their own in respect of sickness or injury incurred in the performance of duty. Certain European companies cover them- selves by insurance. The compensation granted, however, is usually comparatively small, the maximum even in the case of death being generally between one hundred and two hundred dollars.

191. The maximum payable in respect of death or permanent injury in the case of Chinese workers at the Needle Hill Mine (Marsman Hong Kong China Ltd.) is one hundred and eighty dollars and for temporary total incapacity three dollars a week. This is covered by insurance. The British Cigarette Company under its own factory regulations may pay at its discretion a gratuity (not to exceed one. thousand dollars, depending on the length of service of the worker) in the case of workers permanently disabled, partially or entirely, during the performance of their duties. This maximum is exceptionally high.

192. This Company has also established a savings fund for the benefit of employees who have completed six months' service. The Company voluntarily sets aside out of its own funds an amount equal to five per cent. of the employee's wages and adds a sum equal to that amount at the end of five years. The terms of the savings fund and the conditions under which withdrawals can be made are set out in the savings fund passbook held by each employee.

193. Some firms pay hospital expenses in respect of accidents and some con- tinue the payment of salary or half salary during periods of temporary incapacity due to accidents and, more rarely, during periods of sickness. There is, however, no uniformity of practice, and in the case of an accident in the less well regulated factories the injured person is thrown on his own resources to seek free treatment if he so desires at a Chinese Public Dispensary if the injury is of a minor nature, or taken to a government or charitable hospital if he is more seriously hurt. Accident cases likely to have a medico-legal aspect are generally transferred to a government hospital. It is customary for the employer to sign a guarantee covering the ex- penses at the government hospital which, in the case of third class Chinese patients, amount to fifty cents a day. Third class patients do not pay operation fees. The responsibility of the employer would appear to be limited to giving due notice of the accident on the appropriate form, and as pointed out above there is no statutory basis even for this limited responsibility, though there have been successful pro- secutions in the police courts for failure to notify. If he fails to sign the guaran- tor's form the patient is eventually "written off as free" by the medical officer.

194. It will be seen from the table that by far the largest number of ac- cidents occurs in shipyards, and in the matter of compensation the dock companies discriminate between their direct employees and labour recruited through contractors.

men.

195. There is a charitable fund known as the Brewin Fund,* the trustee of which is the Tung Wah Hospital and which is administered through the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs, for the assistance of widows and orphans and of disabled work- Chinese workmen employed in the Colony who may become incapacitated for work by reason of cld age or sickness or who may have been permanently dis- abled by any accident are eligible. The capital is at present nearly $200,000 and the total monthly payments for February, 1939, amounted to $736. Only six, however, of the beneficiaries are disabled workmen, each of whom receives five dollars a month.

*

196. The incidence of occupational diseases has not been investigated. The question of the inclusion of occupational diseases in the proposed Workmen's Com- pensation Ordinance has been raised by the writer. It has been found difficult to enlist the co-operation of the workers in measures for their own protection, and attempts to insist on the wearing of masks in the polluted atmosphere of the feather packing factories have failed.

197. Certain factories have their own hospitals or dispensaries with resident or visiting doctors but reliance is generally placed on the Government hospital system

Report of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs for the year 1937, paragraph 37.

:

155

with the Queen Mary Hospital in Hong Kong and the Kowloon Hospital across the harbour, and various other Government hospitals, dispensaries and clinics. There is also a number of charitable hospitals, European and Chinese, the most well known of the latter being the Tung Wah and the Kwong Wah Hospitals, which cater particularly for the sick pocr, and of Chinese Public Dispensaries which act as first aid posts in industrial areas. Free treatment in Government hospitals is provided for those who are unable to pay. Maternity and child welfare clinics are included in the health activities of Government, and in addition to the government dispensaries in the New Territories there are several dispensaries conducted by the St. John Ambulance Association.

198. In addition to a Workmen's Compensation Bill, legislation to give effect to the draft Convention (No. 32) concerning the protection against accident of werkers employed in loading and unloading ships is under consideration.

199. By the regulations under the New Territories Regulation Ordinance already quoted action is being taken to render coolie lines mosquito-proof as well as to provide adequate sanitation, but the scope of the regulations is confined to the New Territories and the writer has seen little attempt to comply with their require- ments except at the Lin Ma Hang and Needle Hill Mines.

200. The incidence of tuberculosis has already been referred to in connexion with housing. Tuberculosis was recently declared to be a notifiable disease.

201. The health of a portion of the population is undermined by indulgence in or addiction to opium or heroin, but the use of dangerous drugs is not particularly common among workers partly on grounds of expense. For various reasons heroin has of recent years tended to supersede the more innocuous cpium.

202. One prominent British public utility company in addition to providing its workmen with free medical service and accident compensation grants an invalid- ing gratuity to any employee invalided after more than five years continuous service and funeral expenses and a compassionate gratuity to the next-of-kin of an employee of over five years service who dies whilst in the service of the company.

The Commercial Press-a Chinese owned and managed company-has both a savings fund and a profit sharing scheme. The latter is suspended as a result of the present hostilities and employees over a certain monthly wage have been subject- ed to a percentage reduction in wages on account of the war which has caused the company severe losses in Shanghai.

Education.

203. Reference has already been made in paragraph 73 to the recommendation by a member of the Commission appointed in 1921 to inquire into the conditions of the industrial employment of children in Hong Kong that elementary Chinese educa- tion should be made compulsory. It was presumably intended that such education should be free as the then Director of Education remarked that he did not see how fees could be charged. The Census Report of 1931 shows that in the whole Colony there were 119,008 children of Chinese race of school age which was taken as from five to thirteen years of age-88,481 in Hong Kong and Kowloon, 17,940 in the New Territories, and 12,587 afloat in small craft in the waters of the Colony. Of these children 60,328 were males and 58,680 females. 47.94 per cent. of all persons of Chinese race, aged five and over, claimed to be able to read and write their mother tongue. The percentage of males was 69.73 per cent. and of females 18.03 per cent. There was, however, no standard or test and the census officer felt constrained to enter a caveat against the exaggeration of attainments.

The per- centage was much higher in Hong Kong and Kowloon than in the New Territories or afloat, illiteracy being almost universal among females of the latter two categories.

:

204. What percentage of literacy the next census will disclose cannot be fore- seen, but it may be said generally that Government has made practically no direct provision for primary vernacular education among the Chinese.*

* Mr. E. Burney in his Report (1935) on Education in Hong Kong recommended "That the Government should without avoidable delay build model primary schools where most needed in the urban areas and recruit and train the teachers required."

156

205. By the Education Ordinance No. 26 of 1913 "school is defined as a place where ten or more persons are being or are habitually taught whether in one or more classes. It is unlawful for any person to open, start, manage, teach in, or maintain any school in the Colony unless and until such person shall have applied for and obtained a certificate of registration. Schools are divided into English schools where the medium of instruction is solely or chiefly English, and vernacular schools in which Chinese is the medium. Schools may also be divided into three classes-provided (Government), aided or subsidized (by Government), and non-subsidized.

206. Provided schools (with the exception of the Belilios Public School for Girls and the Indian School) take pupils after a four to five years vernacular school course. Fees are charged in all Government schools, but a certain number of free scholarships are allotted.

207. Children of the working classes, if their parents cannot afford fees, must generally obtain their education, if at all, at the free subsidized schools in respect of which Government pays fifty per cent. of the rent and the salary of the teachers. There are 161 subsidized schools in Hong Kong and Kowloon with an attendance of 16,000 and 118 in the New Territories with an attendance of 4,400. Of the 161 schools in Hong Kong and Kowloon approximately 130 are free or charge very low fees and are conducted by missionary bodies, charitable institutions like the Con- fucian Society, and various guilds. The fees of the remaining thirty vary from one to three dollars a month. The age of the pupils is five to fifteen with the majority between five to ten. None of the New Territories subsidized schools is conducted by a charitable institution. The subsidy in their case varies according to their efficiency.

208. In Hong Kong and Kowloon there are 693 non-subsidized schools with an attendance of 53,000, and 85 in the New Territories with an attendance of 3,200. All of these, with the exception of an orphanage and a school in the New Territories in which agricultural subjects are taught, are on a fee paying basis.

209. Of these non-subsidized schools 50 are night schools, all of which charge fees, except five conducted by Y.W.C.A. The attendance is about two thousand. The pupils are chiefly females such as amahs and factory girls. The work of these schools is not of a high standard and they are conducted by teachers and others as a means of additional income.

210. There is an industrial school in Aberdeen conducted by the Salesian fathers, which receives a charitable grant-in-aid from Government, and serves as an industrial school for the purposes of the Industrial and Reformatory Schools Ordin- ance No. 6 of 1932. It has about three hundred resident pupils of whom some are Government nominees. Juvenile offenders may be sent there by the magistrates if there are vacancies. The St. Louis Industrial School which also receives a charitable grant-in-aid teaches printing and book-binding. A small fee is generally charged.

There is no reformatory.

211. Technical education is provided at the Junior Technical School conducted by Government, which is a fee paying institution providing a three to four years course for pupils of average age of eleven to fifteen. Students. on the completion of their course, generally become apprentices in local engineering firms such as dockyards. The maximum enrolment in 1937 was 118.

212. Government also conducts a Trade School which was opened in 1936 and which provides full time day courses in wireless telegraphy, building and motor car engineering. It is a fee paying school and the age of the pupils is sixteen onwards. The wireless course is of nine months and the building course and the motor car engineering course are of three years. There are less than a hundred pupils.

213. Evening schools for apprentices are held at the Taikoo and Kowloon* Docks and more advanced classes at the Junior Technical School and the Trade School. In the former the fees are paid by the dock companies and teachers are provided by Government.

t

*

Hong Kong and Whampoa Dock Co.

157

Cases.

214. I have taken statements from twenty individuals chosen at random as representative of various classes of workers

(1) YIU SUN, male, age 30, (found buying cigarettes from stall in Hing Lung Street, Hong Kong, after carrying vegetables).

In Hong Kong one and a half years, came from Kong Moon, Kwangtung Province, to look for work; in Kong Moon was small farmer and gardener; now tea-carrying coolie for Douglas boats; employed by coolie foreman NG PUI who is employed by Tea Guild. Wife in country, no children, married four years, supports mother in country. Lives 10 Chinese Street in cockloft on first floor which he shares with two fellow workers at one dollar each per month. Five families, eighteen adults and six children, on floor.

Employment regular, paid once a week according to number of boxes carried; earns five to six dollars a week. When no tea ships, no tea-carrying, carries vegetables at thirty cents to a dollar a day.

Has two meals a day from street stall at twenty cents a meal. Wears clothes he brought from the country. Can sometimes make two dollars a day. If sick, female cousin, 9 Chinese Street, whose husband also is a coolie, looks after him; if very sick would go to hospital. Wife in Kong Moon weaves at home, can earn very little, mother also weaves. Sends them about ten dollars a month. They spend six to seven dollars and save the balance in case children are born.

Since arrival in Hong Kong never been back to country, wife never been to Hong Kong. Clansman writes for him two or three times a month. Travelling trader on board Kong Moon boat arranges his remittances and pays them in Chinese currency. Expects to go home on visit in a few months at Ching Ming Festival. Better off here than in Kong Moon; does not smoke opium but spends three cents on cigarettes a day (six cigarettes).

Hours of work: 8 a.m.-5 p.m., sometimes works late till 9 p.m.

Average earnings when working $1.60-$1.70 a day; Sunday a holiday-walks

about the streets.

In the country worships idols, Gods of the Sky; in Hong Kong does not care. Cannot read or write. When no work fellow workers come together and discuss affairs.

Winter clothing-two singlets, two jackets and two trousers (one short); does not wear shoes.

Rises 6 a.m., goes to bed 8 p.m.; 5 p.m.-8 p.m. takes a walk; has a bath at home every two days.

Clansman introduced him to Ng Pui (his immediate employer) half month after arrival in Colony; clansman fed him for that half month. Does not gamble; occa- sionally drinks five cents wine after hard work.

(2) LAM YEE, female, age 60, (found hawking peanuts in Connaught Road, Hong Kong). In Hong Kong fifteen years, unlicensed hawker, formerly street seamstress but sight failed. Husband died over twenty years ago; after his death came to Hong Kong from Fa Yuen, near Canton, with son, age 23, and daughter. Son emigrated after a year; never hears from him, thinks he has been kidnapped. Daughter married into family in country. No relatives in Hong Kong. Lives in Des Voeux Road West, number unknown. Occupies bedspace, principal tenant has Cooks her pity on her, no fixed rent, pays an average of about a dollar a month. own meals, two meals a day-rice, salt fish, vegetables-cost ten cents a day; eats very little. Clothes she wears ten years old. Has been arrested twice for hawking Borrowed fresh without licence, fined fifty cents each time, lost her capital. capital. No news from daughter in country for over a year; daughter is a widow; daughter's family would not allow her in. Was paid between twenty and thirty

158

dollars and some pork and cakes when daughter married. When weather bad stays at home--five families in flat, ten adults, five children. When a seamstress made about the same as hawking peanuts-fifteen cents a day. Came to Hong Kong as could not make a living in country; when worked in fields did not get enough to eat. Better off in Hong Kong, seldom sick; life in Hong Kong is wonderful in comparison with the country. No expenses beyond food and rent.

(3) CHENG KWAI YING, female, spinster, age 22, outworker, Fung Keong Rubber Factory, Shaukiwan, Hong Kong; lives with brother and sister-in-law at 5 Tai Cheung Street, Sai Wan Ho, rent over four dollars a month. There are four cubicles on the floor, and over twenty persons on the floor. Family occupies one cubicle. Brother has daughter, age three, brother skilled worker in Taikoo Dock- yard.

Occupation stitching uppers together; owns sewing machine for which she paid eighty dollars second-hand. Has made ten dollars deposit with Fung Keong Company; receives sixty to seventy pairs of uppers a day; sister-in-law assists her to certain extent in work; paid according to size and kind. Earns 70 cents to $1.00 a day; ten pairs require from two and a half to three hours. She herself stitches about fifty pairs a day, works every day.

Four years in Hong Kong, came from Canton where she worked in silk factory but market was poor and it was difficult to get work. Earns more here than in Canton. Brother earns over a dollar a day. Family income in all over fifty dollars a month. Family sends $10 Cantonese ($5 Hong Kong) per month to parents in country and elder brother. They are farmers in Shun Tak. Can read a little but cannot write, never been to school. Goes to pictures sometimes, cannot read newspaper. Not member of any union or guild.

(4) PANG SO FONG, female, spinster, age 24, employed at Fung Keong Rubber Factory, Shaukiwan, Hong Kong.

Work: Gumming soles and uppers together.

Lives 35 Kam Wah Street, 3rd floor, Shaukiwan, with brother and sister-in- law; brother employed in office at Fung Keong at $150 a month. In Hong Kong since childhood, parents in country. Brought up by brother; was back in country for two years.

Can read a little and write very little. Was two years at charity school.

p.m.-6

Hours: 7 a.m.-12 noon, 1

p.m., 7 p.m.-8 p.m. Been employed for five years, day's work-forty to fifty pairs at three cents a pair, average earnings. over $1.20 a day; takes a day off after seven or ten days.

Brother's family occupy a whole floor, rent unknown; sometimes gives brother six dollars towards it, sometimes nothing. Younger brother and sister and cousin and brother's daughter, age four, and two servants, cook and amah, also reside there. Brother sends money home to parents in country. Spends ten dollars per month on herself amusements and cosmetics; goes to pictures once or twice a week, Not engaged to be married but saves a little against marriage. Has been trained. as first-aid nurse in factory by St. John Ambulance; when she acts as such, receives one dollar a day.

(5) WONG TAI, female, married woman, aged 36, (found carrying sand in Cheung Sha Wan Road, Shamshuipo, Kowloon), husband mason; they occupy half a cockloft, ground floor of Tai Nan Street, Shamshuipo, number unknown, rent $2.20 per month, no children; two children dead.

Carries sand daily for building contractor at forty cents a day, paid twice a

month.

jobs

Hours: 7 a.m.-12 noon, 1 p.m.-5.30 p.m.; husband employed on odd 70-80 cents a day when working. She eats on the street while at work, sometimes sends $2-$3 home to brother in country. In Hong Kong eight to nine years; came from Wai Chau, Kwangtung Province, as could not find work in country. Not member of any guild or union.

159

(6) SO FUK CHOI, female, spinster, age 17, employed Lo Kwok Po weaving factory, 43 Cheung Sha Wan Road, Shamshuipo, Kowloon, (unregistered), lives 170 Nan Chang Street, 2nd floor, Shamshuipo, with elder sworn sister (i.e. friend) age 22 years, who does similar work in another factory; parents in Shatin, New Territories, working as farmers; came to Sha Tin seven or eight years ago; born and educated at Shiu Hing, near Canton, and can read and write; employed here for two years, working hand weaving machine; piecework, twenty to thirty cents a day.

Hours: 7 a.m.-10 a.m., 11 a.m.-5 p.m., 6 p.m.-8 p.m., can occasionally have a holiday on private affairs, no pay, generally works seven days a week.

Shares a bedspace with sworn sister, formerly $2.30, now $2.40 a month; they buy and cook their own food. Food costs $4-$5 each per month. Sometimes buys clothes, sometimes receives them from mother who assists with one to two dollars. a month. Never goes to pictures; sometimes saves a little to buy clothes. Paid twice a month. Has to pay for kerosene lamp in house. Not member of any union or guild.

(7) CHENG YAU LIN, female, married woman, age 31, employed at Wah Nam Battery Company, Pine Street, Taikoktsui, Kowloon.

Husband, unemployed seaman, three years unemployed, works occasionally, ten to fifteen days a month, as ship's painter and earns about ten dollars per month.

Three children, husband looks after children while wife works; while husband is also working eldest child, boy, age eleven, looks after the others and cooks the food.

Lives in cubicle at 128 Yee Kuk Street, Shamshuipo, Kowloon, for which they pay $3.60 per month.

Came to Hong Kong four years ago from Toi Shan, Kwangtung Province, as ship on which husband was employed frequently called at Hong Kong.

Work

sticks.

Wrapping paper round manganese batteries (electric torch) and carbon

Wages: 21 cents a day. Hours: 7 a.m.-12 noon, 1 p.m.-5 p.m., 6 p.m.; works every day.

Cannot read or write. Is not a member of

Is not a member of any union or guild.

p.m.-8

(S) CHEUNG SIU, female, spinster, age 19, employed at Leung Wing Shing Joss Stick Company, 896 Kremer Street, Taikoktsui, Kowloon.

Came from San Wui, Kwangtung Province, four years ago to look for work; lives with elder sister in Ash Street, Taikoktsui, number unknown--shares cubicle and pays one dollar per month rent.

Employed four years in joss stick factory, piecework.

Wages: 3 cents per thousand joss sticks rolled; earns about 30 cents a day. Hours: 7 a.m.-8 p.m. with intervals of about forty minutes off at 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.

Is not a member of any guild.

(9) YAM SIU YING, female, spinster, aged 25, Moonlight Torch Factory, 11-27 Yen Chau Street, Shamshuipo, Kowloon.

Works machines (various) that stamp out parts of electric torch cases; in present employment two years.

Wages: 25 cents a day, paid fortnightly.

160

Hours: 6.45 a.m.-11.45 a.m., 12.45 p.m.-5.45 p.m., occasionally works late till 8 p.m. with extra day's pay in three. Works every day of the week.

Lives in Pei Ho Street, Shamshuipo, number unknown, with mother, who works in knitting factory; shares bedspace with mother. Rent for the two women, two dollars a month.

Three years in Hong Kong; came from Canton, where she worked in a similar factory at 35 cents Cantonese a day, until factory closed.

Mother and she have just sufficient income to live on. Does not remit any money to country. Cannot read or write. Is not a member of any guild or union.

(10) LEI PIU, male, aged 48, fisherman (found on water front at Aberdeen, Hong Kong).

At present unemployed, living with friend in Aberdeen; born in Macao, four years in Hong Kong since master's boat was dismantled at Aberdeen, now generally on junk fishing in Chinese waters, away from Aberdeen three days to a month at a time.

Wages: $18.00 per month and food together with certain perquisites in respect of small fish worth three to five dollars a month. When in regular employment used to be paid six months' wages in advance.

Wife dead, two sons now at work, one daughter married in Macao. Normally spends on an average about twenty days a month afloat; when employed sleeps on board. Wife when alive stayed in Macao. Junk carries over twenty persons including women and children-these consist of wife and children of owner and some fishermen's wives who do cooking.

(11) LAU SAU, male, aged 57, ricksha coolie (found plying for hire in Con- naught Road, Hong Kong).

In Hong Kong four years, from Swatow, Chiu Yeung District, Kwangtung Pro- vince, where he was farmer; was never a ricksha coolie till he came to Hong Kong; no work in country. Wife died last year in country. One son aged 27, farming in country (Chiu Yeung District).

Lives 100 Second Street 3rd floor-coolie lodging house, thirteen coolies divide rent of floor, $17.00, between them.

Hires ricksha from owner (licensee) at twenty cents a day, other coolie hires it at twenty eight cents a night.

Total earnings 70 cents to $1.00 a day out of which he pays for hire of ricksha and repairs.

Hours of plying for hire: 5 a.m.-3.30 p.m., night coolie then takes over

ricksha.

Four meals a day: At home before starting out, cost fifteen cents; in street at 8 a.m., ten cents; in street at 12 noon, ten cent; 5 p.m., at home, 15 cents. Meals at home cooked by himself on charcoal fire.

As it is wet, wearing oilskin coat; material and tailoring cost $1.70. No ex- penses beyond food, clothing and rent. Sends five to six dollars home each month to son in country. Son does not earn enough. He is too poor to marry.

Not a

Is better off in Hong Kong than in Swatow. Cannot read or write. member of any union. When he came to Hong Kong looking for work clansman introduced him to ricksha owner.

(12) CHING YUK, male 31, salesman, Men's Department, Wing On Depart- ment Stores, Des Voeux Road Central, Hong Kong.

161

Wages $30.00 per month, free food and quarters on premises. Free laundry, shaving and hair-cutting. Employed by Wing On Company for fifteen years. Came from Chung Shan, Kwangtung Province, educated at Chung Shan, can read and write Chinese and a little English. Not married. Sends no remittance home. Spends nearly all income on clothes and entertaining friends; dresses in European fashion.

Hours of work: 9 a.m.-8 p.m. with half an hour off for lunch 11.45 a.m.- 12.15 p.m.; 1 p.m. to 8 p.m. on Sundays. Holidays when store is closed-on Chinese festivals and public holidays.

Three meals a day but morning meal is only congee. If ill, leave without pay. Company provides doctor, and maintenance expenses in hospital; pays himself for medicine dispensed.

Not member of any union.

(13) FUNG SHU PING, male, 24, of Chekiang Province, employed in hand press sub-department, Banknote Department, Chung Hwa Book Company, Pak Tai Street, Mataukok, Kowloon.

Employed by Chung Hwa Book Company in Shanghai, about nine years in photographic department. After hostilities Shanghai works closed, came to Hong Kong October, 1938, on written contract, time indefinite, entitling him to two months' wages and twenty dollars fare to Shanghai in event of determination of

contract.

Wages: $15.00 per month, free food ($7.50 rice money), free lodging and light in quarters provided by company, Sung Wong Toi Road, free medical treat- ment at factory by Chinese doctor qualified in Hong Kong University. If seriously il sent to Government hospital, employers paying fifty cents per day. Full wages continue during illness for two months, thereafter half wages. If permanently unfit will be sent back to Shanghai. Earns also bonus on production.

Hours: 7.30 a.m.-12 noon, 1 p.m.-5.30 p.m. Works occasionally on Sundays. Nine men to one press, standard day's work nine hundred sheets; bonus one cent per sheet additional divided between the nine men; for sheet spoiled fined five cents divided likewise. Can print seventeen hundred sheets per day with certain number spoiled. Share of bonus last month $11.26.

Not married. Expenses chiefly on clothing; remits $10 Hong Kong to Shanghai monthly. Can read and write Chinese and speak and write a

a little English. Educated at Provincial Government School at Chekiang as day boy, fees about $40 per half year. In Shanghai earned about $70 (Shanghai) before the Member of the Chung Hwa Branch of the Hong Kong Printers Union. Was not a member of any union in Shanghai.

war.

(14) LAM SANG, male, aged 34, joiner, Taikoo Dockyard:

Employed there for last nine years. Married, one son four years, residing 61 Main Street, Saiwanho, 1st floor. Principal tenant of floor, rent $14.50 (formerly $11.00), retains for self one cubicle and sitting room, has two subtenants at four dollars each. Born San Wui, Kwangtung Province. Came to Hong Kong, aged 16, with a clansman as was poor in country. Apprentice for three years in furniture shop, Wanchai, Hong Kong, no pay, free board and lodging; then nine dollars per month with free lodging but not free food. After two months left shop to look for odd jobs as pay was too low. After several years obtained work at Taikoo, at first under contractor; three years ago joined permanent staff. Time work, $1.26 a day--both under contractor and directly employed.

Hours: 7 a.m.-12 noon, 1 p.m.-5 p.in. Sunday work-time and half; over- time-time and half.

If ill, leave but no pay.

162

Wages amount to about forty five dollars a month, paid monthly. Wife does no work except house work-no servants. Not member of any union or guild. Food for family about eighteen dollars per month. Remits seven to ten dollars per month to mother in country. Can read and write Chinese: learned in country when boy. No savings.

(15) CHAN PUI, male, 48 years, plater, Taikoo Dockyard :

Married two sons, four daughters eldest aged 22, 48 Saiwanho Street ground floor. Principal tenant paying $11.50 per month, four sub-tenants from whom he collects from $8 to $9, retains one cubicle and bedspace, no servants. Two daughters work at Fung Keong Rubber Factory, earning thirty to sixty cents a day each which they hand over to him; he provides them with house, food and clothing.

Came to Hong Kong, aged 29, from Toi Shan, Kwangtung Province, as no work in country, learned trade for three years at Bailey's Shipyard at forty cents a day-then in Kowloon Docks from two to three years-fifteen years at Taikoo Dock, employed through a contractor, time work.

Hours: 7 a.m.-12 noon, 1 p.m.-5 p.m. Wages $1.50 a day. Overtime- time and half, Sundays-time and half.

Sent remittance to country monthly when write Chinese. Not member of any union. private school-fees thirteen dollars a year. for family forty dollars per month.

mother was alive. Can read and Eldest son, aged fourteen, goes to Only eldest girl went to school. Food

(16) CHAN YIN, male, 60, coolie in coppersmiths shop, Taikoo Dockyard :

About thirty years in Hong Kong, came from Ching Yuen, Kwangtung Province, to look for work. Formerly employed as ship's painter, Taikoo Dock, but work too hard and dangerous, so became coolie. Employed as such for last seventeen years, wife dead. Resides with son, aged 17 years, apprentice in machine shop at fifteen cents a day, in Dockyard Quarters paying $1.50 per month for one bunk. Son resided with wife in country until three years ago.

half.

Wages: 9 cents an hour-81 cents a day.

Hours: 7 a.m.-12 noon, 1 p.m.-5 p.m. Overtime and Sunday work-time and

Can read and write a little. Son can read and write as he went to school in country. Son now studying English at night school. When a painter was member of painters' guild. Was not skilled worker. Food for self and son $17 per month. Used to remit money to parents when alive. Saves four to five dollars per month which he spends on relatives who borrow but never repay.

(17) WONG SIK PO, male; 26, foki of Sheung Chit Fat rice and oil shop, 158 Tam Kung Road, Kowloon City.

Came from Chiu Chow, Kwangtung Province this month as no work in country owing to war. Left wife and daughter, aged two, in Chiu Chow. Master of shop, also from Chiu Chow, pays him six dollars a month, free food; sleeps on premises.

p.m.

Hours: 7 a.m.-9 p.m. with half hour off for meals at 8 a.m., 12 noon, and 7

Can read and write a little. Not member of any guild or union. Remits four dollars per month home.

(18) LEUNG SAM, female, 40, (found shovelling sand at house being erected along Customs Pass Road, eight miles beyond Kowloon City).

Widow, came from Hoi Ping nine months ago to make living in Hong Kong leaving son aged 13 and daughter aged 15 with mother-in-law in country. When in

163

Street,

Hong Kong lives with sister-in-law, whose husband is a seaman, at 18 name unknown, near temple, Kowloon City; pays no rent. Was small farmer in country. Has been on present job four to five months, lives in wooden shed beside work.

Wages: Thirty cents a day.

Hours: 7 a.m.-1 p.m., 2 p.m.-5.30 p.m. Feeds herself at cost about three dollars a month, goes to Kowloon twice a month for rice. Remits four to five dollars per month to mother-in-law in country.

(19) TANG HO, female, aged 32, (found turning over earth under water before rice planting between Castle Peak and Un Long).

Married as "tin fong" or second wife (first wife being dead) to farmer, Lam Tei Village, married four years, one daughter; was born near Castle Peak, New Territories. Has three step sons, all married, and two step daughters; a third step daughter is dead. Family lives together in four village houses which it owns. They own three fields, two bullocks, chickens, vegetables. Supporting themselves on rice of their own growing and sale of surplus crop. Have no pigs this year. Only purchases salt fish, fresh fish, some vegetables and pork. Wearing clothes she possessed at time of marriage. The wives of the three sons also work in the fields— they have three children. No servants. Cooking done by step daughter, aged 12. Last year two harvests. Cannot read or write. Never been ill. Two meals a day- rice, and congee at midday.

(20) NG WAI, female, aged 34, domestic servant employed by Wong family at 6 Queen Victoria Street third floor, Hong Kong.

Master and mistress, no children, occupy one cubicle; is only servant and sleeps in camp bed outside cubicle.

Does cooking and washing, etc. Wages-$2 per month.

Born in Canton; came to Hong Kong last year as refugee. Widow, no children.

Rises at 6 a.m., goes to bed 9-10 p.m. Feeds at employer's table; three meals a day supplied. Cannot read or write.

Summary and Recommendations.

215. It is not proposed to collate these cases 'but to allow them to speak for themselves. It is interesting, however, to note that of the twenty workers chosen at random only one, the New Territories farmer, is a native of Hong Kong. The Colony was described in an earlier paragraph as geographically but not politically a part of China. Many of the inhabitants ignore this distinction and that is the root trouble in respect of Hong Kong trade unions. As many cases show, the interests and loyalties which bind the workers to China are strong. However low the wages and long the hours, they are, even with a higher cost of living, better off in Hong Kong than they were in China, and many are able to remit money home to China monthly. Most of them look to China as their home. When I called at Chung Hwa Factory shortly after, the strike and lockout referred to in a previous paragraph I found all parties united for the time in the despatch of a joint telegram to Chiang Kai Shek advocating the expulsion of Wang Ching Wei from the Kuomintang.

216. Admittedly, those concerned had recently come from Shanghai but the

• attitude of the Cantonese is much the same. War, or civil war, or disturbance of any kind in China, drives a certain number to Hong Kong. Some may return when the trouble is over, others remain at least for a time to seek a livelihood. The population at the present time is unnaturally swollen with refugees and embusqués. It is impossible to say how many of these will endeavour to make a permanent home in the Colony and how many businesses transferred from Shanghai and elsewhere will take root. That depends on the future of China, but it is impossible to build the future of the Colony on such a fluid and unstable foundation. Some of that quarter or half million are rentiers but the majority is without substance and there is not

+

164

employment for many. They cannot all hawk in the streets. Some who can scarcely be described as criminals swell the population of the overcrowded gaols where they find a comparative degree of security and comfort. The official refugee camps contain a few thousands. These will no doubt return home as occasion offers. It is the unofficial refugees who are the problem. When things return to normal the question of restricting the population of the Colony to those who are economically capable of maintaining themselves on a fair standard of living or whose birth or years of work have given them a claim on the Colony will require consideration. But so long as conditions in the Colony are better than in the neighbouring provinces of China there are bound to be many who will endeavour to come to Hong Kong. If one may say so, the Colony in respect of population has already reached saturation point. The solution of the problem depends fundamentally on the development and prosperity of China.

217. The Colony could be made considerably more self supporting than it is. The development of the fishing industry and agriculture should help in this connexion. Market gardening has developed in recent years but there is still con- siderable scope for improvement and expansion. A Committee was appointed in 1934 to consider and advise as to what practical steps could be taken to improve and extend the breeding of pigs and poultry in the New Territories,* and a report on the possibilities of a co-operative system in Hong Kong was prepared in 1935 by Mr. C. F. Strickland, C.I.E.** Little if anything has been done to develop in the Colony thrift and loan societies, housing societies, and consumers' stores.

I was recently approached for information regarding co-operative thrift and loan societies, as developed in Malaya, by the manager of an important public utility company in Hong Kong, which treats its employees excellently, but which finds money-lenders congregated round its gates on pay days. There appears to be considerable room for development in this connexion.

218. The present housing congestion in the Colony has already been referred to. Heusing that is adequate for a million, and Hong Kong housing is not, is inadequate for a million and a quarter or a million and a half. The problem of housing is difficult as the population is not static and the flow of immigration may as at present be hundreds of thousands. So long as ownership of property is regarded as primarily a profit making concern, if not a speculation, it is inevitable that landlords in times of housing shortage should attempt to recoup themselves for their losses or diminished profits during periods of depression when a certain pro- portion of the population returns to China.

.

219. It must always be remembered that in dealing with labour in Hong Kong one is dealing not with workers segregated in cantonments but with the urban popula- tion itself, and legislation must regard them as citizens in the first instance. Those who live in coolie lines are a very small proportion of the total labouring classes. The existing legislation controlling such lines is confined to the New Territories. Admittedly, the existing mines are all situated in the New Territories, but road and catchment work and building generally are not confined thereto, and it is recom- mended that similar provisions should be extended to the remainder of the Colony and an endeavour made to secure uniformity in the application of the regulations.

220. As has been pointed out, in matters of medical treatment workers are treated not as a separate class but as individual citizens whose health as such is the concern of government. The Nutrition Research Committee already referred to is investigating the question of nutrition in the Colony including the application of dietetics to the social problems of the Colony. Benefits derived from the investiga- tions of the Committee will be for the community in general.

221. The recommendation for the development of primary vernacular education has already been referred to.

✔222. The absence of any but crude statistics regarding cost of living and wages has already been commented on. Such information is essential before any adequate standard of living can be assessed, established, and maintained. It is understood that

*Sessional Paper No. 5 of 1934.

** Sessional Paper No. 5 of 1935.

165

an officer, during his leave of absence in England, is at present studying the application of statistics to various problems, but it is not only necessary to know how to deal with data, the data must first be collected and the existing statistical office confines its activities to wholesale prices which have only a general relevance to the fluctuations in the actual cost of living. The question calls for further examination. The Professor of Economics and Political Science at the Hong Kong University whose assistant is at present preparing a cost of living index has kindly offered me the assistance of his department in the conduct of any surveys that may be considered necessary.

وو

223. The total number of workers in the registered factories and workshops represents only a fraction of the total working population. For the purposes of the Factories and Workshops Ordinance, 1937, factory means any premises or place wherein or within the close or curtilage or precincts of which any machinery other than machinery worked entirely by hand is used in aid of any industrial undertaking carried on in such premises or place, and "workshop" means any premises or place other than a factory wherein or within the close or curtilage or precincts of which any manual labour is exercised by way of trade or for purposes of gain in or incidental to making any article or part of any article, or altering, repairing, ornamenting or finishing or adapting for sale any article, provided that at least 20 persons are employed in manual labour in the said premises or in the close, curtilage and precincts thereof, Legislation as to hours and conditions of labour, however, is largely restricted to this fraction together with the unknown portion which is engaged in other industrial undertakings which are not registered.

224. The Factories and Workshops Ordinance, 1937, is a kind of omnibus ✔ordinance lumping together various disparate matters from the age under which children shall not be employed in industrial undertakings to the provision of fire escapes in tenement factories and the notification of accidents. As it stands, the Ordinance creates a diarchy consisting of the Urban Council and the Protector of Labour who is the Chairman of the Urban Council, but may be any person appointed by the Governor to be Protector of Labour for the purposes of the Ordin- ance. The Urban Council is empowered to make by-laws defining the duties and powers of the Protector while the Protector is empowered generally to overrule the by-laws and recommendations of the Urban Council. As certain of these by-laws, as has been pointed out, represent the terms of International Labour Conventions to which the Colony has subscribed the possibility of their modification or suspension is unsatisfactory.

225. The Ordinance is defective in certain other respects. The power to make by-laws preventing accidents is confined to factories and workshops, and industrial undertakings such as mines are excluded. The by-laws regarding the employment of women, young persons, and children, are confined to industrial under- takings and dangerous trades and have no reference to agricultural operations or domestic service. Thus we find the anomalous position of the Urban Council of Hong Kong purporting to prohibit the employment of females on underground work in mines in the New Territories which its inspectorate is inadequate to supervise and ignoring the employment of children at night as pages and bell boys and girls in hotels within a hundred yards of its council chamber.

226. Under the Ordinance the existing powers of the Council (and no additional powers have been taken or by-laws passed since the Ordinance was enacted) appear restricted in some directions and excessive in others. It is submitted that the Ordin- ance should be repealed and the provisions dealing with sanitary, hygienic, and structural conditions in factories incorporated in the Public Health (Sanitation) Ordinance No. 15 of 1935 already referred to. That Ordinance is already adminis- tered by the Urban Council. The Chairman of the Urban Council as Chairman of the proposed Town Planning Committee would control the design and siting of factories. It is submitted that the control of conditions of labour in factories is more properly part of the functions of the Labour Office, and that the relevant legislation, with any necessary amendments and additions, should be collected in a Labour Ordinance.

227. Matters connected with the proper fencing of machinery in factories with a view to protection against accidents and the notification of accidents, etc., should also belong to the Labour Office which presumably will be in control of workmen's

:

166

compensation. Legislation for workmen's compensation is at present under con- sideration. In this connexion it is strongly urged that the precedent of the Straits Settlements and Ceylon should be followed rather than that of the East and West Africa Model Ordinance in that conditions in the Colony require that the Ordinance should be administered by an executive officer instead of the injured workman or his dependants left to pursue their rights by the slow and costly process of litigation. A scheme of workmen's compensation however easy to administer in respect of the better conducted industrial undertakings presents many difficulties in respect of small under-capitalized factories.

228. As was pointed out in the chapter on social legislation in Hong Kong, the present so-called Inspectorate of Labour, Factories and Workshops originated as an Inspectorate of Juvenile Labour and consisted originally of one male and one female inspector. The activities of the Inspectorate of two officers are now practically confined to the registered factories and workshops which number nearly nine hundred. It is submitted that this Inspectorate should form the nucleus of a Labour Inspectorate whose sphere would be the conditions of labour generally in the Colony. It is suggested that the Chinese Mines Inspector whose appointment is recommended by Mr. Kershaw should be incorporated in this Inspectorate. would appear desirable to employ Chinese female inspectors of labour as in the supervision of "mui-tsai" where Chinese lady inspectors have proved eminently successful in investigating the status of what is after all merely a section of female workers. No one knows the conditions of outworkers in this Colony as no one has 'investigated. The Labour Inspectorate should take the conditions of all labour in

the Colony as its province.

It

229. In the matter of legislation generally it is understood that the Peace- Preservation Ordinance, the regulations made under the Emergency Regulations. Ordinance, and certain other restrictive legislation are to be scrutinized with a view to incorporating in the general legislation of the Colony any provisions deemed necessary and employing thereafter the Emergency Regulations Ordinance only to make regulations necessary in an emergency which should be repealed when the state of emergency is over. There is at present in service a battery of heavy legal artillery, mostly obsolete. Even the Employers and Servants Ordinance requires scrutiny as to its adequacy in existing circumstances.

230. Great advances in respect of the betterment of working conditions in the Colony have been made in the last fifteen years. The regulation of the age of admission of children to industrial employment has eliminated most of the evils of the apprentice system, and it is submitted that the proper organization of trade unions will eliminate the evils of the contract system and give workers a sense of security, the absence of which is one of their main grievances. I have, under the direction of the Honourable Attorney General, drafted a Trade Union Bill, based on the law of England, to define the status and powers of trade unions and to provide for their registration. The Bill is intended to bring the position of trade unions in Hong Kong into alignment with that of English trade unions. Registration is not made compulsory, but a union applying for registration must satisfy the Registrar (the Labour Officer) that its objects and constitution are similar to those of registered trade unions in England.

231. Clause 28 of the Bill repeals section 37 of the Offences against the Person Ordinance No. 2 of 1865 quoted in paragraph 102 above, makes a consequential amendment in the second schedule to the Peace Preservation Ordinance No. 10 of 1886 by the deletion of the figures 37 in the third line thereof, and repeals the Boycott Prevention Ordinance No. 41 of 1912.

232. One result of the abolition of the registration of societies which followed the passing of the Societies Ordinance in 1920 was that genuine trade unions of workmen lost the status afforded by official recognition or exemption and became merely not unlawful societies. It is hoped that voluntary registration will give genuine trade unions a certain amount of "face" and inculcate a certain degree of responsibility. One of the greatest needs is the development and encourage- ment of honest and competent leaders whose aim is the improvement of the working and living conditions of the workers rather than participation in Chinese politics and their own aggrandizement. They should be responsible representatives of the workers: capable of negotiating on their behalf.

167

233. The failure ever to make use of Minimum Wage Ordinance No. 28 of 1932 has been noted. It is submitted that the root cause of this lies in the terms and scope of the Ordinance itself. Any inquiry under the Ordinance is to be con- ducted by a board of commissioners consisting of five persons of whom one shall be a judge or magistrate who shall be chairman of the board. No provision is made for an inspectorate, with the right to require employers to supply information regarding the wages paid to employees, to see that any minimum wage is adhered

The Ordinance is merely a legislative gesture.

to.

234. The report of the Royal Commission on Labour in 1894 analyzed the difficulties in the weakly organized trades and pointed out that peaceable relations are the result of strong and firmly established trade unionism, and that trade unionism in a weak and struggling condition rather tends to increase the number and bitterness of industrial conflicts. The most quarrelsome period of a trade's existence is when it is just emerging from the patriarchal condition in which each employer governs his establishment and deals with his own men with no outside interference, but has not yet fully entered into that other condition in which transactions take place between strong associations fully recognizing each other."*

235. Such is largely the condition in Hong Kong and it is submitted that what is most urgently required is power to appoint trade boards, rather than commissions to deal merely with a minimum wage. The trade boards should have the power and duty of fixing minimum wages, determining normal working hours, which in some cases are grossly excessive in this Colony, and fixing overtime rates in trades where the wage standards are low and where organization of employers and workers is ineffectual. The persistence of the truck system and the grant in many cases of free quarters and sometimes food as part of a worker's emoluments make the fixing of a minimum wage frequently difficult. The trade boards might consist of repre- sentatives of workers and employers of a particular trade in equal numbers, say two or three each, to whom might be added a labour leader from a better organized trade, and a representative of employers, and the board might function under the chairmanship of the Labour Officer

Officer]

,

236. The Printers' Union have recently conducted a survey of most of the printing and newspaper establishments in the Colony and submitted data in consider- able detail regarding hours and wages. In the existing state of the law it is difficult to see what can be done to assist them as there is no power to control hours in respect of adult males and the length of hours of work is their chief grievance. Even a better organized union than the printers would in existing conditions in Hong Kong find it difficult to enforce its demands in respect of any establishments where conditions are notoriously bad as a number of printers is unemployed and there is always surplus labour ready to accept low terms on the principle that a little is better than nothing. The establishment of trade boards would go far to assist the con- ciliation machinery of the Labour Office.

237. During the last five months I have visited and investigated the conditions of work in the four mines and the larger industrial undertakings and in many of the smaller ones. Conditions vary greatly both as to wages and hours. It is in the small factories competing with cheap labour in China and Japan that conditions are Such competition is fierce and the local manufacturers of bulbs for electric torches and of thermos flasks have recently been eliminated.

238. It is such competition in countries which have no social legislation, or if they have it do not apply it, which has been used as an argument against improve- ment of conditions in Hong Kong. There is much, however, that can be done without necessarily destroying trade as the experience of the last fifteen years shows.

239. It has been considered necessary to refer in this report to housing, Leducation and health progress is being made in all these matters but their adminis- tration is outside the scope of the Labour Office as is also the question of the revision where necessary of existing restrictive legislation. The necessity of developing a proper statistical department has also been stressed.

* Quoted from "A Report prepared by the Members of the Commission on Industrial Relations in Great

Britain" appointed by President Roosevelt.

168

240. The recommendations in connexion with the Labour Office are shortly-

a) a Trade Union Ordinance,

b) a Workmen's Compensation Ordinance,

(c)

(d)

a Trade Boards Ordinance, in place of the existing Minimum Wage Ordinance,

an Ordinance (in place of the Factories and Workshops Ordinance) dealing with Labour Conditions generally and providing for a Labour Inspectorate which will consist of both European and Chinese Inspectors and Lady Inspectors.

241. A copy of the Report prepared by the Members of the Commission on Industrial Relations in Great Britain" appointed by President Roosevelt was made available through the courtesy of the American Consul General in Hong Kong. 1 am indebted to the Director of the China Branch of the International Labour Office for information regarding the ratification of International Labour Conventions by China, and for a copy of Chinese Labour Conditions in 1937" (in Chinese), and to Dr. Y. L. Lee for a copy of his report "Some Aspects of the Labour Situation in Canton " The managers of the industrial undertakings visited have been most kind in supplying information regarding wages, hours, and conditions of work generally, and several Government officers have generously assisted me with information on their particular subjects. The Inspector of Factories has acted as my guide and most of the details of wage rates have been supplied by him.

H. R. BUTTERS,

11th April, 1939.

0

1.

TAIKOO DOCKYARD.

2.

KOWLOON DOCK.

3. TAIKOO SUGAR REFINERY.

4. GREEN ISLAND CEMENT CO.

5.

HONG KONG ROPE WORKS.

6. HUME PIPE.

7

HONG KONG BREWERY.

8.

NAVAL YARD.

9

KEEN SANG BRICK WORKS.

10.

STEAM LAUNDRY.

11.

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COMMERCIAL PRESS.

15

MIN NGAI KNITTING FACTORY.

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FUNG KEUNG RUBBER CO.

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AMOY CANNING CORP.

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