Sessional Papers - 1923

SESSIONAL PAPERS LAID BEFORE THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL OF HONGKONG 1923

Table of Contents

1. Estimates for 1924

Financial Statements in Connection With the

2. Estimates of Expenditure

Abstract Showing the Differences Between the approved Estimates for 1923 and the Estimates for 1924

3. Housing accommodation

Report of the Housing Commission

4. Jurors

List for 1923

5. Quarterly Return of Excesses on Sub-Heads Met By Savings Under Heads of Expenditure

For the 2nd Quarter 1923

6. Quarterly Return of Excesses on Sub-Heads Met By Savings Under Heads of Expenditure

For the 1st Quarter of 1923

7. Quarterly Return of Excesses on Sub-Heads Met By Savings Under Heads of Expenditure

For the 4th Quarter of 1922

8. Quarterly Return of Excesses on Sub-Heads Met By Savings Under Heads of Expenditure

For the 3rd Quarter of 1923

9. Shipping Control in Hongkong 1917-1923

Report of the

10. Steam Launch 'Fei Din Yat'

Report of the Commission to Enquire into the Circumstances attending the Capsizing of

11. 'Sui an' Piracy Commission

Report of the

 

105

No.

9

1923

HONGKONG.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH THE ESTIMATES FOR 1924.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor, 4th October, 1923.

Statement of Assets and Liabilities on the 31st December, 1922.

LIABILITIES.

t.

ASSETS.

C.

Deposits not Available,

957,097.15

Subsidiary Coins,....

Advances,

1,825,393.47

252,082.46

Postal Agencies,

35,636.42

Building Loans,

966,700.00

Imprest,.....

3,497.55

Shipping Control Account,..

2,231,204.11

House Service Account,

7,715.94

Crown Agents' Deposit Account,

5,689,423.99

Suspense Account,

1,194.00

Unallocated Stores, (P.W.D.),

482,762.16

Unallocated Stores, (Railway), Coal Account,

234,500.02

43,087.20

Investment Account,

5,752,496.18*

Total Liabilities,

3,225,131.68

Balances at Banks,

603,279.16

Crown Agents' Current Account,

22,835.96

Balance,

12,658,642.41

Total.............$ 15,883,774.09

* Invested as follows :-

Hongkong 6% War Loan, 1921-28, ..$120,000.00

4% Funding Loan, 1960-90,

Total,....

..$ 15,883,774.09

Value of Stock.

Actual Cost. $120,000.00

£835,000. Os. Od.

£662,991 14s. 9žd.

Market Value.

$120,000.00

£722,275 Os. Od. (864)

[P.T.O.]

1

106

ASSETS AND LIABILITIES ON 31ST DECEMBER, 1922, AND 31st DECEMBER, 1923,

(ESTIMATED).

Revenue,

Expenditure,

Surplus,....

Exchange Fluctuation Account,

Balance of Assets, (1921),

Balance of Assets, (1922),

Dr.

War Loan Stock Issue

of 1916 at 6%.

In-

terest to be paid off

on the 1st Decem- ber, 1928,

Inscribed Stock Issues of 1893 and 1906 at

34%. Interest to be paid off on the 15th April, 1943,

1922.

$22,291,064.81 18,563,002,91

Revenue,. Expenditure,

$ 3,728,061.90

Surplus.

2,451,834.66 6,478,745.85 |

Balance of Assets, (1922),

$12,658,642.41

Balance of Assets, (1923),

LOAN ACCOUNT.

1922.

1923.

........

1923.

22,981,474 21,579,530

1,402,944

12,658,642

14,061,586

1922.

1923.

Cr.

$3,000,000

$3,000,000

Sinking Fund, .

$906,699 and

£93,657 Stg.

$1,150,821 and

£98,503 Stg.

£1,485,782. 16. 5 £1,485,732. 16. 5| Sinking Fund,. £399,591. 0, 0.

£433,127.0.0.

HONGKONG, 29th September, 1923.

C. McI. MESSER,

Treasurer,

1

83

No. 8

1923

HONGKONG.

ABSTRACT SHOWING THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE APPROVED ESTIMATES OF

EXPENDITURE FOR 1923 AND THE ESTIMATES OF EXPENDITURE FOR 1924.

Increase:

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor, 4th October, 1923.

Stipulated Increments

New Posts...

Good Conduct Allowances Rent Allowances

CLASS I.

GENERAL ADMINISTRATION.

$

1.-Governor.

Personal Emoluments.

92

900

22

84

1,098

Other Charges.

Incidental Expenses...

500

$

500

Total Increase

1,598

2. The Cadet Service.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

New Posts ...

11,074

8,400

Total Increase

.$

19,474

Decrease.

Increase.

8+

3. Colonial Secretary's Department and Legislature.

Personal Emoluments.

Decrease.

Stipulated Increments

Increase of Salaries

1,246 305

Abolition of Posts

Good Conduct Allowances

1.778 12

New Posts ...

3,032

Good Conduct Allowances

14

Rent Allowances

264

4,861

NA

1,790

Uniforms

Other Charges.

50

Total Increase Dednet Decrease

4,911

1,790

Net Increase

...$

3,121

Stipulated Increments

New Posts...

Good Conduct Allowances

Language Allowance

Rent Allowances

Special Expenditure.

Total Decrease

1,790

Cabinets

100

Total Decrease .

100

4. Secretariat for Chinese Affairs.

Personal Emoluments.

1,124 11.547

Abolition of Posts

2,650

12

120

180

$ 12,983

$2,650

Other Charges.

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs :-

Incidental Expenses

...$

1,000

Emigration Sub-Department :-

Incidental Expenses

150

Incidental Expenses

Industrial Sub-Department:---

Conveyance Allowances

$

720 200

CA

1,920

150

Total Increase Deduct Decrease

..$ 14,903 2,800

Total Decrease

2,800

Net Increase

$ 12,103

}

..

85

Increase.

5. Audit Department.

Stipulated Increments Increase of Salaries

Personal Allowance

Good Conduct Allowances

Rent Allowances,

Decrease.

Personal Emoluments.

805

Reduction on New Appointments

5,600

3,600

Personal Allowance

960

60

Good Conduct Allowances

9

48

4,521

6,569

Other Charges.

Share of Home Expenditure ...

.8

372

Total Increase

.$

4,893

Total Decrease

6,569

Deduct Increase.......

4,893

Net Decrease

1,676

Stipulated Increments................

New Posts...

Good Conduct Allowances

Personal Allowances...

Rent Allowances

Conveyance Allowances

Total Increase

...

Deduct Decrease

Net Increase

6.- Treasury.

Personal Emoluments.

2,257

9,057

Reduction on New Appointments ...S Abolition of Posts

100 8,275

24

200

264

$

11,802

$

8,375

Other Charges.

60

...$

11.862

8,375

...$

3,487

Total Decrease ..

8,375

'86

Increase.

Decreases

7.-Harbour Master's Department.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

5,561

Reduction on New Appointments ...S

1,028

Increase of Salaries

3,676

Abolition of Posts

1,600

New Posts...

6,430

Good Conduct Allowances

281

Good Conduct Allowances

227

Personal Allowances...

276

Personal Allowances...

420

Rent Allowances

60

Rent Allowances

912

Overtime Allowances

34

$

17,260

$

6.245

Other Charges.

Coal and Oil Fuel for Launches

$

2,150

Steam Launch Hire

400

Guncotton Charges, etc.

2,000

Repairs and Stores for Launches

1,000

Uniforms

300

$

5,450

400

Total Increase

$

22,710

Total Decrease

6,645

Deduct Decrease

6,645

Net Increase

16,065

Special Expenditure.

Motor Boat for G.M.S.

7,000

Total Decrease

7,000

Increase,

87

8. Imports and Exports Department.

Stipulated Increments

Increase of Salaries

New Posts ...

342

Personal Emoluments,

4,058 | Reduction on New Appointments

Abolition of Posts

10,944

Good Conduct Allowances

Good Conduct Allowances

113

Rent Allowances

Rent Allowances

1.248

Other Allowances

16,705

Decrease.

7.177

1.618

467

24

122

9.408

Other Charges.

Candles & Batteries for Searching...

50

Opium:

Cleansing Materials and Washing...

100

Rent of Factory and Quarters for

Conveyance Allowances

840

Staff

1.620

Electric Fans and Light

200

Incidental Expenses..

300

Liquor Labels

1.000

Motor Truck, Running Expenses

300

Office Cleaning Materials.....

100

Opium :-

Electric Fans and Light

600

Fuel

7.000

Packing Expenses

8,000

Purchase of Raw Opium, etc.

150,000

Transport

100

Rent of Quarters

1,264

Transport

500

Uniforms

:000

$ 170,854

1,620

Total Increase Deduct Decrease

187,559 11,028

Total Decrease

11,028

Net Increase

$ 176,531

Motor Truck Embossing Presses

Special Expenditure.

6,770.

300

Total Increase

7,070

Increase.

Stipulated Increments Increase of Salaries New Posts...

Good Conduct Allowances

Rent Allowances

Electric Light and Power

Printing, etc., of Meteorological

Bulletin

Total Increase

Deduct Decrease

Net Increase

88

9. Royal Observatory.

Decrease.

Personal Emoluments.

505

3,000

Reduction on New Appointments Good Conduct Allowances

200 9

1,800

21

60

$

5,386

209

Other Charges.

80

:

1.200

35

1,280

6,666

Total Decrease

209

209

6,457

New Accumulators for Time Service... $

Total Increase

Special Expenditure.

300

...$

300

Bathing Places

British Empire Exhibition Crown Agents' Commission Entertainment of Foreign Sailors Geological Survey of Colony

2,400

300,000

2,500

20,000

10. Miscellaneous Services.

Bonuses for Interpreters and Trans-

lators

Grants in aid of other Institutions :

University of Hongkong

100

130,000

14,000

Grants in aid of Scientific Institu-

tions:

British Engineering Standard

Association

138

Colonial Advisory Medical and

Sanitary Committee

461

Institution of Civil Engineers;

Committee on Deterioration of

Structures exposed to Sea Action

461

Tropical Diseases Bureau

1,912

Lower Exchange

868

Printing and Binding:-

Civil Service List

60

Ordinances,

Regulations

and

Reports

1,000

Revised Edition of Ordinances

Purchase and Upkeep of Typewriters

Rent of Public Telephones

17,500

3,200 2,525

Total Increase

Deduct Decrease

$ 367,025 130,100

Total Decrease

...$ 130,100

Net Increase

$ 236,925

1

}

(

Increase.

Stipulated Increments

Good Conduct Allowances

Rent Allowances

89

CLASS II.

LAW AND ORDER.

1. Judicial and Legal Departments.

A. SUPREME COURT.

Personal Emoluments.

Decrease.

814

Reduction on New Appointments ...S

250

16

Good Conduct Allowances

زارة

972

Personal Allowance......

$

1,802

12

318

Other Charges.

Total Increase Deduct Decrease

1.802

Total Decrease

318

318

Net Increase

1,484

B.-MAGISTRACY.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

481

New Posts ...

1,600

Reduction on New Appointments Abolition of Posts

833 1,500

Good Conduct Allowances

8

Rent Allowances

72

2,161

2.333

Incidental Expenses...

Vehicle Hire for serving Summonses.

Total Increase

Other Charges.

$

50

20

70

2,231

Total Decrease Deduct Increase

2.333

2.231

Net Decrease

102

Special Expenditure.

2 Typewriters

500

Total Decrease

500

Incretse.

90

C.--DISTRICT OFFICES.

Decrease.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

1,003

Reduction on New Appointments ...S

1,100

New Posts

850

Abolition of Posts

2.350

Good Conduct Allowances Rent Allowances

26

Good Conduct Allowances

36

384

Personal Allowances...

50

2,263

3,536

Other Charges.

Northern District :---

Incidental Expenses

Southern District :

150

Conveyance Allowances

-60

Total Increase

2,413

Total Decrease

3,596

Deduct Increase

2,413

Net Decrease

1,183

Special Expenditure.

Furniture

120

Total Decrease

120

D.-ATTORNEY GENERAL.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments Good Conduct Allowance

100

4

Rent Allowances

72

Total Increase

176

E-OFFICE OF CROWN SOLICITOR AND LAND REGISTRY.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

New Posts

Good Conduct Allowances

Rent Allowances

1,100

Abolition of Posts

1,150

8,850

6

192

Total Increase

$

10,148

Total Decrease

1,150

Deduct Decrease

1,150

Net Increase

8,998

}

}

91

Increase.

Decrease.

Stipulated Increments Increase of Salaries New Posts ...

Detective Allowances

Drill Allowances

Language Allowances

Good Conduct Allowances

Personal Allowances...

Rent Allowances

Ammunition

Bedding and Mess Utensils

Conveyance Allowances Coolie Hire

Disinfectants

Incidental Expenses... Light and Electric Fans Photography Rent of Stations Small Stores

...

:

2.-Police.

Personal Emoluments.

27,461

Reduction on New Appointments ...S

18.863

120

Abolition of Posts

5.400

99,540

Medal Allowances

138

1,008

Good Conduct Medal Allowances

828

48

Good Conduct Allowances

363

90

Personal Allowances...

30

77

Rent Allowances

144

144

2,172

$ 130,660

S

26,066

Other Charges.

Cleansing Materials and Washing...$ Incidental Expenses, Police Training

7,500 500

240

School

300

Petrol Oil, etc.

600

Transport

500

2,000

500 1,600

250

250

1,000

2,000

500

$

14,240

S

3,500

Total Increase Total Decrease

$ 144,900 29,566

Total Decrease

$

29,566

Net Increase

$ 115,334

Special Expenditure.

1 Prisoners' Van

3 Pairs of Binoculars

First Aid Fire Appliances for

Launches

...$

10,000

1 Motor Car

3,500

200

1 Searchlight

4.000

Deck Cabins for lunches

6.500

800

Prisoner Van

7,500

Iron Stands for Police Boxes

1.700

150 Police Positive Pistols

6,250

3 Typewriters

500

2 Safes

500

Total Increase

...$

11,000

Total Decrease

30,450

Deduct Increase.......

11,000

Net Decrease

S

19,450

Increase.

Stipulated Increments New Posts ...

Language Allowances

Good Conduct Allowances Rent Allowances

Incidental Expenses... Light and Electric Fans Rent of Stations

Stores...

...

:

92

Decrease.

3.--Fire Brigade.

Personal Emoluments.

2,253 12,096

Reduction on New Appointments .8 1,242

Abolition of Posts

1,500

36

Good Conduct Allowances

72

60

Ration Allowances

14

252

€A-

14,697

$

CA

2,828

Other Tharges.

$

200

Coolie Hire

$

50

2,500

18,000

1,000

$

21,700

$

50

36,397

Total Decrease

.$

2,878

2,878

33,519

:

Total Increase Deduct Decrease

Net Increase

1 Dennis First Aid Motor

1 Fire-Float

4 Smoke Helmets

200 Oil Skin Suits

Special Expenditure.

14,000 1 Searchlight

:

...$

4,000

180,000

800 2,750

Total Increase Deduct Decrease

$ 197,550

Total Decrease

...$

4,000

4,000

Net Increase

$ 193,550

4.-Prison.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

7,338

Increase of Salaries... New Posts

2,948 10,680

Reduction on New Appointments ...S Good Conduct Allowances

Personal Allowances

2,258

48

93

Language Allowances

Good Conduct Allowances

300

52

Rent Allowances

1,140

$5

22,458

$

2,399

Other Charges.

Executioners Fees

Fuel

Incidental Expenses...

Light...

Subsistence of Prisoners

.$

100

...

1,500

300

2,000

4,000

$

7,900

Total Increase

$

30,358

Total Decrease

...$

2,399

Deduct Decrease

2.800

Net Increase

27,959

Special Expenditure.

Prison Van

...$

9,230

Total Increase

$

9,230

Increase.

93

CLASS III.

PUBLIC HEALTH.

1.-Medical Department.

Decrease.

Special Expenditure.

Stipulated Increments

$

5,121

Reduction on New Appointments ...$

12,848

Increase of Salaries

768

Abolition of Posts

3.498

New Posts ...

46,562

Good Conduct Allowances

292

Good Conduct Allowances

319

Rent Allowances

2,832

$

55,602

$

16,638

Other Charges.

Staff:-

Civil Hospital:

Conveyance Allowances

1,620

Bedding and Clothing......

200

Civil Hospital:-

Incidental Expenses

100

Cleansing Materials

350

Fuel and Light

750

Furniture, etc.

Medicines, etc.

1,000

...

7,300

Provisions for Patients...

...

10,000

Washing

1,250

Victoria Hospital :-

Provisions for Patients...

500

Washing...

50

New Territories:

Incidental Expenses

350

Office of Health Officer of Port:

Conveyance Allowances

480

Incidental Expenses

250

Institutes:-

Animals and Fodder

400

Apparatus and Chemicals.

200

Fuel and Light

200

Incidental Expenses

80

Preparation of Vaccines, etc.

200

$

24,980

$

CA

Total Increase

$

80,582

Total Decrease

300

16,938

Deduct Decrease

16,938

Net Increase

$3

63,644

Special Expenditure.

B.-Hospitals and Asylums:

Bedsteads

Mattress Covers...

Sack Steam Disinfectors

D.-Institutes :-

1 Microscope

$ 1,000

2,200

1,385

550

Total Increase

$

5,135

Increase.

94

2. Sanitary Department.

Decrease.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

New Posts...

Personal Allowance

9,235

Reduction on New Appointments

.$ 12,990

50,338

Abolition of Posts

10,350

1,000

Personal Allowances...

600

Language Allowances

300

Good Conduct Allowances

372

Good Conduct Allowances

185

Rent Allowances

216

Rent Allowances

16,344

Other Allowances

48

$

77,402

$

24,576

Other Charges.

Bamboo Poles, and Rope...

Baskets, Buckets, and Shovels

100

Bath Houses; Rent

480

500

Conveyance Allowances

90

Bonuses

600

Brooms, Brushes, and Bamboo Hats...

150

Disinfecting and Cleansing

Apparatus

225

Exhumation, Recurrent

26,000

Head Stones

300

Launches, Steam Barges and

Lighters :-

Fuel

1,000

Repairs

1,500

Stores

500-

Light-Public Latrines.:

240

Motor Lorries, Vans, etc., Running

Expenses

10.000

Paint, Turpentine, etc.

500

Purchase and Maintenance of

Bullocks

300

Rent of Quarters

720

Scavenging Gear

100

Scavenging Gear, Kowloon

150

$

42,885

?

Total Increase

$ 120,287

Total Decrease

$570

...$

25,146

Deduct Decrease

25,146

Net Increase

95,141

Exhumation

2 Motor Watering Carts

8 4-Wheeled Bullock Carts

3 Portable Disinfectors

3 Motor Meat Vans

$

30,000

Special Expenditure.

2-Wheeled Hand Carts

·CA

540

16,000

Tyres for Motor Meat Vans

1,200

2,300

1,000

Trennial Lifting of Boilers, S.D. 2.. Motor Refuse Lorry

400

4,000

12,000

Motor Vans

5,000

1 Teakwood Lighter.......

18,000

Motor Cars...

:

6,000

2 Refuse Junks...

6,000

3 Hose Cleansing Tanks

200

4 Bullocks...

400

1 Smoke Testing Machine

150

Total Increase

86,050

Total Decrease......$

17,140

Deduct Decrease

17,140

Net Increase

68,910

i

!

Increase.

95

3.- Botanical and Forestry Department.

Decrease.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

.$

823

Increase of Salary

60

Reduction on New Appointments Good Conduct Allowances

395

84

New Posts ...

996

Good Conduct Allowances

64

Rent Allowances

1,512

$

3,455

$

479

Other Charges.

Brushwood Clearing Expenses of Collections Forestry, Hongkong...

$

1,000

Conveyance Allowances

180

75

2,000

Forestry, New Territories

1,000

Hire of Motor Cars ...

210

Maintenance of Gardens and Grounds

800

Protection of Plantations...

1,500

Transport ...

150

$

6,735

S

180

Total Increase :.. ...$

10,190

Total Decrease

659

Deduct Decrease

659

Net Increase

9,531

Special Expenditure.

1 Bicycle

120

Total Increase

$

120

96

Decrease.

Increase.

CLASS IV.

EDUCATION.

A.-DEPARTMENT OF DIRECTOR OF EDUCATION.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

$

16,023

Reduction on New Appointments

$

6,552

Increase of Salaries

847

Abolition of Posts

9,393

New Posts ...

82,968

Good Conduct Allowances

63

Personal Allowance

12

Rent Allowances

24

Good Conduct Allowances

64

Rent Allowances

12,360

$ 112,274

$

16,032

Books ...

Incidental Expenses.....

Prizes...

Students in Training

Fees

Maintenance

University Examination Fees

Piano Hire...

Capitation Grants

...

Grants in aid of Rent

...

...

University Examination Grants

Physics and Chemistry Grants

Total Increase Deduct Decrease

Net Increase

Other Charges.

130

Language Study Allowances ... ...$

240

200

70

:

2,235 2,140

200

180

8,500

256

...

895

...

8,300

$

23,106

$

240

...

.$ 135,380 16,272

...$ 119,108

Total Decrease

...$

...

16,272

Equipment of Schools

...

Physics and Chemistry Apparatus

Total Increase

...

Special Expenditure.

.$

150

5,000

5,150

1

}

L

Increase.

97

CLASS V.

DEFENCE.

Military Expenditure.

A.-MILITARY CONTRIBUTION.

Contribution to Imperial Govern-

ment

Total Increase

$ 268,361

$268,361

B.-VOLUNTEER DEFENCE CORPS.

Decrease.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

.$

187

Good Conduct Allowances

24

Reduction on New Appointments $ Personal Allowances...

60

12

Rent Allowances

192

Good Conduct Allowances

36

$

403

$

108

Other Charges.

Camp Expenses

Conveyance Allowances

Fuel and Light...

Equipment and Upkeep of Arms

500

180

200

1,000

$

***

1,880

Total Increase

$

2,283

Total Decrease

108

Deduct Decrease

108

Net Increase

$5

2,175

Special Expenditure.

Wireless Apparatus...

$

2,770

Total Increase

2,770

Increase.

98

CLASS VI.

PUBLIC WORKS.

A.-PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT.

Decrease.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

$ 25,708

Reduction on New Appointments

8

11,214

Increase of Salaries

300

Abolition of Posts

15,344

New Posts...

Charge Allowances

Language Allowances

141,337

Personal Allowances...

472

3,600

Good Conduct Allowances

433

60

Rent Allowances

384

Good Conduct Allowances

Rent Allowances

Sunday and Holiday Allowances

Allowances for Mounting Plans

Transferred from Post Office

399

Overtime Allowances

360

6,852

880

450

40,562

$ 220,148

S 28,207

Other Charges.

Conveyance Allowances

$

4,548

Electric Fans and Light

2,800

Incidental Expenses :-Store .... Surveying Instruments

50

500

Incidental Expenses -General

500

Land Survey Contingencies

200

Transport and Travelling Expenses. Uniforms

5,000

950

Radio-Telegraph Branch

Incidental Expenses

200

Repairs

7,000

Transport

2,000

$

23,198

S

550

Total Increase Deduct Decrease

$243,346 28,757

Total Decrease

...S

28,757

Net Increase

214,589

Special Expenditure.

1

6 Typewriters

1,350

Total Decrease

1,350

7

Increase.

99

B.-PUBLIC WORKS, RECURRENT.

Hongkong:--

Maintenance of Buildings

50,000

Improvements to Buildings...

15,000

Maintenance

of

Roads and

Bridges in City.......

5,000

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges

outside City

20,000

Gas Lighting...

7,000

Electric Lighting

10,000

Boundary Stones

3,500

Survey of Colony

2,000

Maintenance of Water Works

20,000

Water Account (Meters, etc.)

4,000

Kowloon -

Maintenance of Buildings

3,000

Improvements to Buildings...

2.500

Maintenance of Roads & Bridges...

10,000

Gas Lighting...

12,000

Electric Lighting...

7.500

Maintenance of Water Works

4,000

Water Account (Meters, etc.)

2,000

New Territories :-

Maintenance of Buildings

1,000

Electric Lighting...

3,250

Maintenance of Water Works

1,000

Water Account (Meters, etc.)

1,200

Total Increase

$ 183,950

C-PUBLIC WORKS, EXTRAORDINARY.

Decrease.

Total Decrease

$ 248,400

Increase.

Stipulated Increments

- 100

CLASS VII.

UNDERTAKINGS OF GOVERNMENT.

1. Post Office.

Increase of Salaries

New Posts ...

Good Conduct Allowances

Rent Allowances

Overtime Allowances

Decrease

Personal Emoluments.

5,689

Reduction on New Appointments

$

6,247

768

Good Conduct Allowances

450

6,444

Overtime Allowances

320

214

Transferred to Public Works Dept...

40,562

2:844

1.345

$

17,304

47,579

Other Charges.

Cleansing Materials, etc.

100

Radio-Telegraph Branch -

Incidental Expenses.....

200

Incidental Expenses

100

Launches:

Repairs and Stores

7,000

Coal

875

Transport

2,000

Stores

200

Uniform and Equipment

175

Rent of Branch Office, Shamshuipo..

540

Stamps...

2,000

Uniform and Equipment..

500

4,415

9.275

Total Increase

21,719

Total Decrease

56,854

Deduct Increase.....

21,719

Net Decrease

$

35,135

Stipulated Increments

Increase of Salaries

New Posts ...

Personal Allowances...

Good Conduct Allowances Rent Allowances

Overtime Allowances

:

Special Expenditure.

Bicycles

.S

400

Steam Launch

40,000

Total Decrease

S

40,400

2.--Kowloon-Canton Railway.

Personal Emoluments.

5.511

Reduction on New Appointments

$1,958

5,546

Abolition of Posts

5,069

14,741

Personal Allowances..

12

48

Good Conduct Allowances

2,657

216

Rent Allowances

1,404

2,172

Overtime Allowances

10

650

$

28,884

$

. 11,110

Increase.

}

101

2.-Kowloon-Canton Railway,--Continued.

Decrease.

Other Charges.

Maintenance of Signals

150

Medical Stores

350

New Minor Works

500

Sleepers

1,000

Coal

6,380

Bridges and Tunnels Repairs -

Staff Quarters

2,000

2.700

Loading Coal

60

Station Buildings

1,500

Materials for Repairs and Re-

Roads and Crossings

810

newals-Carriages

5,000

Oil Fuel for Motor Coaches

6,000

Painting Contract:-Carriages

350

Hire of Rolling Stock

400

Power...

1,000

Maintenance of Telegraphs and Tele-

Running Stores :-Carriages and

phones

700

Wagons, Miscellaneous...

1,000

Rent of Quarters

384

Maintenance of Fans and Light

200

Fanling Branch Line:-

Ballast

100

Fastenings

150

Repairs, Station Building

250

Sleepers.

500

Tools and Plant

180

$

15,640

16,024

Total Increase

$353

44.524

Total Decrease

25.034

Deduct Decrease

27,134

Net Increase

$

17,390

Special Expenditure.

Construction :-

Bridge No. 4...

.$

17,000

Maintenance of Way, Works and

Stations -

Concrete Floor to Coal Bunkers.....

2,000

Surveying and Drawing Instru-

Extensions to Sidings

11,250

ments ...

800

Fencing, Kowloon Station

4,080

Typewriter

250

Interlocking at Stations

2,000

Construction :

New Coal Bunkers for Dust

900

Alteration to Level Crossing Gates

New Sidings, Loco. Yard

...

22,000

at Fanling.

1,000

New Water Tank and Tower,

Bridge No. 7...

5,000

Kowloon

2,500

Boundary Wall, Parkside

3,200

Quarters for Traffic Staff

25,000

Boundary Wall, Kowloon Station.

12,000

Siding for A shes

2,800

Conversion of China Light and

Sidewalling Taipo Tunnel

1.500

Power Co.'s Premises

13,000

Locomotive Carriage and Wagon Ex-

Extension to Carriage Shed

32,500

penses :--

Extension of Main Platform

4,000

Additional Machines for Carpen-

Installation of Electric Power

13,500

ters Shop

4,615

New Carpenters Shop...

15,000

4 Locomotives

300,000

New Water Tanks, Fanling...

600

2 Locomotives for Fanling Branch

Line

23,338

Motor Truck Tyre Press

1,523

6 New Carriages

150,000

penses:

Spares for Locomotives

1.200

Platform Luggage Barrows...

Turnstiles, Kowloon Station Locomotive Carriage and Wagon Ex-

Additional Machines for Work-

2,000

35

50 Under Frames for 30-ton Cover-

shops...

2,957

ed Goods Wagons

346,400

Boilers for Locomotives

42,857

Breakdown Crane...

88.000

5 30-Ton Covered Wagons

50,000

Total Increase Deduct Decrease

$ 918,106 286,699

Total Decrease

286,699

Net Increase

$ 631,407

Increase.

102

CLASS VIII.

NON-EFFECTIVE AND CHARITABLE SERVICES.

1.-Charge on Account of Public Debt.

Lower Exchange

Total Increase

Civil Pensions : Sterling ...

44,185

44,185

2. Pensions.

$18,322.54

Dollar

32.15

Police Pensions

Sterling...

19,822.44

Dollar

811.38

Widows' and Orphans' Pensions :

Sterling ...

3,792.58

Dollar

169.09

Temporary Increases of Pensions

675.83

Special Allowance on Widows' and

Orphans' Pensions

990.44

Equalisation of Exchange

47.846.15

Estimated Amount to cover Pensions

to be granted...

644.40

Total Increase

$ 93,107.00

Lower Exchange Allowances granted

Pensions granted

Increase of grants

Total Increase

3.--Charitable Services.

$

Decrease.

256

Allowances ceased

506

94

Grants reduced......

5.000

730

2,620

Total Decrease

5,506

Deduct Increase

3,700

3,700

Net Decrease

1,806

}

Increase.

103

RECAPITULATION.

Total Estimate for 1924

Total Estimate for 1923

Total Increase

$24,924,667

22,583,835

$ 2,340,832

Decrease.

Personal Emoluments :-

Personal Emoluments :

Stipulated Increments

135,569

Reduction on New Appointments...$

92,065

Increase of Salaries

72,618

Abolition of Posts..

73,325

New Posts

478,774

Good Conduct Allowances

5,740

Language Allowances

906

Rent Allowances

2,556

Good Conduct Allowances

2,175

Other Allowances...

4,357

Rent Allowances

53,424

Other Charges

23,719

Other Allowances

9,899

Special Expenditure

101,060

Other Charges

Special Expenditure...

358,185

Public Works Extraordinary

:

248,400

955,782

Charitable Services

1,800

Military Contribution

268,361

Public Works Recurrent ...

183,950

Charge on Account of Public Debt...

44,185

Pensions

93,107

Miscellaneous Services

236,925

Total Increase

$ 2,893,860

Total Decrease

$ 553,028

Deduct Decrease

553,028

Net Increase

$2,340,832

HONGKONG

ΤΟ WIT.

17

No.

HONGKONG.

JURORS LIST FOR 1923.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor, 10th May, 1923.

NAME IN FULL.

1. SPECIAL JURORS.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

3 1923

Adams, Francis Robert John. Civil Engineer, Little, Adams & Wood, Severn Road, Peak. Arnold, John

Arthur, Thomas

Aucott, Ernest Frank Bailey, William Seybourne Barlow, Arthur Howard Bell, William Henry .... Bennett, Harold Sydney

Bernard, Dallas Gerald

Mercer.......

Bird, Herbert William Bird, Lennox Godfrey Birkett, Henry

Bonnar, John Whyte Cooper... Braga, José Pedro

Brayfield, Thomas Henry

Gordon

Brown, William Samuel

Cameron, Duncan Haywood

Champkin, Cyril

Chapman, Edward John

Chan Siu-ki......

Compton, Albert Henry Coppin, Alan Griffiths

Cousland, Alexander Stark

Dalglish Curry, George Percy Dodwell, George Melville................. Dowley, Walter Arthur.... Dyer, Robert Morton.....

Edkins, George Thomas

Money....

Ellis, Oswald Isaac

Fuller, Denman

Gibbs, Lawrence.

Goggin, William George

Secretary, HK., C. & M. Steamboat Co.,

Ld..

Marine Surveyor, Goddard and Douglas, Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Managing Director, W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld., Manager, HK. & S'hai Bank, ... Merchant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Manager, China & Japan Telephone &

Electric Co., Ld.,

10 Tregunter Mansions, May Road. Peak Hotel.

130 The Peak.

Station Hotel, Kowloon. Queen's Road Central. 34 The Peak.

41 The Peak.

Merchant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., | East Point. Architect, Palmer & Turner,

Architect, Palmer & Turner,

Broker, Moxon & Taylor,

Bill & Bullion Broker, Reuter's Agent.

Marine Surveyor, Carmichael & Clarke,

Ld.,

Secretary & Manager, HK. & K'loon W.

& G. Co., Ld.,

Assistant Manager, Standard Oil Co., Bank Manager, P. & O. Banking. Corp., Estate Agent, Linstead & Davis, Manager, HK. Kowloon Land & Loan

Co., Ld.,

Manager, D. Sassoon & Co., Exchange Broker,......

Manager, Alex. Ross & Co., Secretary, HK, & China Gas Co., Director, Dodwell & Co., Ld.,. Exchange Broker,

Chief Manager, HK. & Whampoa Dock

Co.,

Manager, Butterfield & Swire,

Manager, S. J. David & Co., Ld., Organist,

12 The Peak.

12 The Peak.

27 Humphreys Building. Kowloon, Hongkong Club.

37 Robinson Road.

Tai Po.

Gomes Villas, Kowloon. 18 The Peak. 168 The Peak. 120 The Peak.

8 Queen's Road West. Repulse Bay Hotel. Post Office Building.

4 Tregunter Mansions. Gas Works, Hongkong. 108 The Peak. Room 6 Post Office Building.

Kowloon Docks,

112 The Peak,

6 Peak Road.

Hongkong Hotel.

Civil Engineer, Denison, Ram & Gibbs,... Tai Po. Manager, Bank Line, Ld.,

56 The Peak.

NAME IN FULL.

18

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

Griffin, Albert Edwin Grimble, Charles Frederick

George

Gubbay, Aaron Sassoon Hall, Frederick Charles........... Hancock, Harry Cyril Rider... Hancock, Herbert Richard

Budd

Ho Kom-tong.. Hogg, George....

Hughes, John Owen Humphreys, Heury Humphreys, William Joseph, Joseph Edgar Kotewall, Robert Hormus.. Lammert, George Philip Lammert, Herbert Alexander. Lang, Archibald Orr Lauder, Paul

Leask, William Laughtou.. Little, Colborne.. Logan, William

Lowe, Arthur Rylands

McArthur, John Nicholson, William Pang Siu-hang-

Parkinson, Harold Edgar

Patteuden, Walter Leslie Pearce, Thomas Ernest.. Perry, Frederick Arthur

Plummer, John Archibald...... Potts, George Hutton Reid, James

Roberts, William Ewart

Rodgers, Robert ........... Russell, Donald Oscar Sassoon, Moses Silas Seth, John Hennessey

Sheppard, John Oram Silva-Netto, Antonio Pereira

Batalha

Sinclair, Walter Smith, Horace Percy

Smyth, Frank.. Sutherland, Robert Taggart, James Harper.. Templeton, David Tester, Percy Walker, William Bradley Watson, Nowell Lake

Wilson, Norval Charles........... Young, George Macdonald

Civil Engineer, Leigh & Orange,

Ship Broker, 1 Prince's Building, Merchant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. Bill & Bullion Broker, A. S. Hancock & Co..

Broker, Stewart Bros.,... Banker,

Manager, International Banking Corpora-

tion,

Principal, Harry Wicking & Co., Merchant, J. D. Humphreys & Son, Partner, W. G. Humphreys & Co.,.... Broker, I Prince's Building, Manager, R. H. Kotewall & Co., Auctioneer, Lammert Bros.,. Auctioneer, Lammert Bros., Principal, ibb, Livingston & Co., Ld.,... Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Architect, Leigh & Orange, Architect, Little, Adams & Wood,.. Broker, W. Logan & Co....... Chartered Accountant, Lowe, Bingham &

Matthews,

Sub-Manager, HK. & S'hai Bauk,. Assistant Manager, Butterfield & Swire, Managing Director, Gande, Price & Co.,

Ld.,

Departmental Manager, British American

Tobacco Co.,

Manager, W. R. Loxley & Co., Merchant, J. D. Hutchison & Co., Division Manager, British American

Tobacco Co.,.

Merchant, Bradley & Co., Ld., Broker, Benjamin & Potts,

Dockyard Manager, Taikoo Dockyard,

Secretary & Manager, HK, Tramway

Co., Ld.,

Manager, Russo-Asiatic Bank,

Principal, W. R. Loxley & Co.,

Exchange Broker,.............

曲带

Incorporated Accountant, Percy Smith,

Seth & Fleming,..

Agent, Pacific Mail S.S. Co.,

Merchant, Silva-Netto & Co., Manager, Reiss & Co.,

Chartered Accountant, Percy Smith, Seth

& Fleming,

Broker, Vernon & Smyth,

Merchant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Managing Director, Hongkong Hotel, Manager, Taikoo Sugar Refinery,. Share Broker, Wright & Hornby,. General Manager, Standard Oil Co., General Manager, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

Ld.,

Manager, Mercantile Bank of India Ld.,... Assistant Manager, Butterfield & Swire,

147 The Peak.

10 Branksome Towers. 10 Macdonnell Road. Hillside, 110 The Peak. Prince's Building.

Cheltondale, 97 The Peak. 7 Caine Road.

133 The Peak. 61 The Peak. Alexandra Buildings. Ma Tau Kok Tannery. 39 Conduit Road. 5 Babington Path. Repulse Bay Hotel. 78 The Peak. 126 The Peak. On premises.

121 The Peak.

14 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. Kingsclere.

3 Queen's Road Central. On premises. 125 The Peak.

8 Queen's Road.

82 The Peak. 30 The Peak. 106 The Peak.

139A The Peak. Smith's Villas, Peak. Marble Hall.

Quarry Bay.

Peak Hotel.

137 The Peak.

131 The Peak.

10 Ice House Street.

2 Peak Road.

Kingsclere.

63 Robinson Road.

72 The Peak.

67 The Peak.

4A Des Voeux Road. 129 The Peak. On premises.

Cornhill, Quarry Bay. 95 The Peak.

148 Barker Road, Peak.

134 The Peak. 109 The Peak. 75 The Peak.

1

:

$

NAME IN FULL.

19

wwww..com

II. COMMON JURORS.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

A

Abbas, Abhib ................ Abbas, Abdul Hamid Abbas, Abdul Rahim.... Abbas, Mahommed Hoosan Abbas, Yokob...................

Abbey, Douglas

Abbott, Albert Stanley Abesser, Peter

Ablong, Alfred Ernest Abney, Evelyn Edward de

Wivelslie..

Abraham, Albert

Abraham, Edgar Shooker.. Abraham, Ezra

Abraham, Jon Macoyer. Abraham, Reuben Adam, James

Adams, Charles Gafton.. Adams, Josiah Logan Adey, Fredric Stanworth Ahallony, Mee How Ahfoo, Charles

Ahwee, George E..... Ainslie, Ernest James Alabaster, James Wilfred......

Alarakia, Ismail Mohamed Alarakia, Rhamatulla

Mohamed.....

Alderson, Edward William Alison, David Albert Goldhill Allan, John Niven Rodger Allen, David Joseph

Allen, Henry Alexander Allen, Henry Woodward Allison, Alfred.

Allison, Alfred John Almeida, Apolinario Antonio d'

Almeida, Carlos Hyndman d'.. Almeida, Julio Hyndman d'. Altura, Claudio

Altura, Felix

Alves, Alberto Eduardo de

Selavisa

Alves, Alvaro Alvares

Alves, Antonio Louis

Alves, Arthur Alvaro

Alves, Carlos

Martinho de

Selavisa Alves, José Lourenço.. Amery, Samuel Chant Paddon Ames, Aubrey Payson, Andel, Alexander Willem Van Anderson, Charles Graham Anderson, Charles Peake Anderson, Charles Wesley......

Anderson, Elmer Edwin

Anderson, John Edgar Anderson, John Fraser

Anderson, Paul Maxwell Anderson, William. Antonio, Ernesto

Antonio, Francisco Ezekiel

...

Assistant, Lowe, Bingham and Matthews, Secretary, Hongkong Club,...... Asst., HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld., Assist., British American Tobacco Co.,... Works Clerk and Foreman, China Mining

and Metal Co., Ld.,

Chartered Acct., Butterfield & Swire,. Assistant, Kelly & Walsh Ld., Assistant, Transmarina Trading Co.,.... Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,

Manager, Thos. Cook & Son, Chief Clerk, HK. & China Gas Co., Manager, S. J. David & Co., Ld., Broker, Wright & Hornby,... Overseer, Brossard Mopin & Co, Merchant, N. S. Moses & Co., Carpenter, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,.... Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Civil Engineer, Butterfield & Swire, Assist., Wharf Manager, Holts Wharf, ... Architectural Ass., Little, Adams & Wood. Stenographer, HK. Hotel Co., Ld., Clerk, Colonial Commercial Co.,......... Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Asst., Union Ince. Society of Canton,

Ld.,

Clerk, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C.,

Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co........ Assist. Manager, HK. Hotel Co., Ld., ... Timekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, Draughtsman, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,. Storekeeper, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,... Clerk, Hongkong Hotel,.

Director, China Mining & Metal Co., Ld.,... Clerk, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Manager, Dragon Motor Car Co., Ld., Assistant, Fumigating & Disinfecting

Bureau, L.,

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,... Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Musician, HK. Amusements, Ld., Musician, HK. Amusements, Ld.,

3 Queen's Road Central. 59 & 61 Wanchai Road.

4 Morrison Hill Road, HK. 40 Shaukiwan Road.

c/o China Mining & Metal Co., L‹,,

Kwei Chung. Hongkong Club.

13 Chatham Road, Kowloon. York Building.

14. Orient Building, Kowloon.

18 Des Voeux Road, Gas Works, Hongkong. 48B Nathan Road, Kowloon. 4 Aimai Villas, Kowloon. King's Building.

8 Torres Buildings, Kowloon. Kowloon Docks.

On premises.

6 Branksome Towers, May Road. Windsor Lodge, Kimberley Rd., K. 16 Arbuthnot Road.

151, Wo Sung Street, Kowloon, Kowloon City Road. On premises.

On premises.

21 Cochrane Street.

21 Cochrane Street. Hongkong Hotel. Quarry Bay. Kowloon Docks. Kowloon Docks.

5 Moreton Terrace. Peak Hotel.

50cD Whitfield Road. Empress Lodge, Kowloon.

Hulk Aldecoa, Yannati Bay. 14 Cameron Road, Kowloon. 14 Lochiel Terrace, Kowloon. 6 Rose Terrace. Nathan Road, K.

6 Rose Terrace, Nathan Road, K.

Clerk, Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., . On premises.

Freight and General Broker,

Merchant, 5 Queen's Road Central,

11 Macdonnell Road.

41 Granville Road, Kowloon.

Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Union Building.

Assist., A. A. Alves, Assistant, Bradley & Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Manager, Holland China Trading Co., Assistant, Union Trading Co., Ld., Architect, Palmer & Turner, Purchasing Agent, Canadian Pacific

Steamships Ld.,

Chief Clerk, The Admiral Line Pacific

Steamship Co., ... Assistant, Anderson Music Co., Ld., Assist. Engineer, China Sugar Refining

Co., Ltd,

Manager, American Milk Products Corpn. Manager, Anderson Music Co., Ld., ..... Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld., Clerk, Banque de l'Indo-Chine,

3 Broadwood Terrace.

8 Mosque Junction. Quarry Bay.

King Edward Hotel.

11 Chatham Road, Kowloon. On premises.

137 The Peak.

Hongkong Hotel.

7 Midde Road, Kowloop.

8 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon.

1 Moreton Terrace, Causeway Bay. 3B Armand Buildings, Kowloon. 4 Mountain View, The Peak. 14 Mosque Street. Chater Road.

20

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

A—Continued.

Aquino, Eueas Goulart d'.............. Assistant, Netherlands-India Commercial

Aquino, José Goulart d' Arab, Abdul Rahman M. Archbutt, Geoffrey Samuel Archer, Charles Percival Arculli, Abdul Kader el....... Arculli, Ebrahim el Arculli, Omar el................. Armstrong, John Henry

William.

Armstrong, William John...... Arnott, Thomas...........

Arthur, George Duncan

MacPherson Arthur, G. D....... Ashcroft, John

Assis, Arsenio Feliciano Atherley, James Edward Atkins, Albert Edwin Atkinson, Clarke

Atwell, Richard Erskine

Aumuller, Karl

Austin, David

Austin, Rodgers Herbert Aveneli, George William Azevedo, Victor Felix d'

Bank,

Salesman, C. E. Warren & Co., Steno-typist, Toyo Kisen Kaisha, Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld.,. Asst., HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld............. Merchant, Arculli & Sons,

Merchant, Arculli & Sons,

Merchant, Arculli & Sons,

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Sub-Accountant, International Bank,. Works Manager, Green Island Cement

Co., Ld.,

Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Marine Surveyor, Carmichael & Clarke, ... Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,.. Clerk, T. E. Griffith, Manager, Getz Bros.,

Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Shipwright, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Accountant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,....... Assistant Manager, British American

Tobacco Co., Ld., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assist., HK. Land Investment Co., Ld.,....... Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Asst., Canadian Pacific Ocean Steamships,

Ld.,

Des Voeux Road Central. 5 Cambay Villas, Kowloon. King's Building. Union Building.

282 Queen's Road West. 16 Kennedy Road.

20 Leighton Hill Road. 15 Wong-nei-chong Road.

49 The Peak.

2 Queen's Gardens.

Cement Works, Kowloon,

On premises.

1 Branksome Towers, May Road. Quarry Bay.

5 Punjab Building, Kowloon. 6в Armand Buildings, Kowlocu. 26A Nathan Road. Kowloon Docks. 17 Broadwood Road.

On premises. Quarry Bay.

Lauriston, Bowen Road. On premises.

11 Belilios Terrace.

B

Bagram, John Theophilus.. Bagot, Frederick Baker, George Henry

Baker, Samuel

Banker, George

Aanner, Douglas Halbeard. Bannerman, George Henry

Maclean

Baptista, Cezar Octaviano........ Baptista, Duarte Cezario Baptista, Joaquim . Baptista, Manuel

Baptista, Marciano Francisco

de Paula

Baptista, Rodolpho Deogenes.. Baring, Beu

Barker, Edward Pierpoint.... Barker, P. E. Barnes, F. H. Barr, James Hunter Barradas, Arthur Oscar. Barradas, Duarte Augusto.. Barradas, Fernando Augusto... Barradas, José Augusto.... Barradas, Vasco Maria. Barretto, Alberto Demée Barretto, Frederico Francisco Barretto, José Conde. Barretto, Julio Cecilio, Barros, Antão Vasques Barros, Horacio Frederico......

Broker,

Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Secretary, Davis & Co.,

Chief Engineer, China Sugar Refining

Co., Ld.,

Managing Director, Banker & Co., Ld., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

..

Electrical Engineer, Electric Co., L., Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Assistant, Baptista York & Co., Ld.,.. Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Merchant, Baptista York & Co., Ld.,..............]

Marble Hall, Conduit Road.

13 Knutsford Terrace.

Prat Building, 2 Hart Avenue.

Kowloon.

On premises.

11 Hankow Road, Kowloon.

31 Humphreys Buildings, Kowloon.

168A The Peak.

On premises.

7 Chatham Road, Kowloon. 4 St. Joseph's Terrace.

St. Joseph's Building, "B" Bloek,

Robinson Road.

Assistant, Shewan Tomes & Co., Ld.,................ 6a Caine Road. Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Manager, J. R. Michael & Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard... Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld.,

Chief Clerk, Singer Sewing Machine Co., Assistant Engineer, HK. & China Gas Co., Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld.,. Asst., Netherlands-India Commercial Bank, Merchant, J. M. da Rocha & Co., Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., . Export Manager, Davis & Co., Clerk, Botelho Bros,

Bookkeeper, Bradley & Co., Ld.,: Clerk, W. G. Humphreys & Co...

On premises. Hongkong Hotel. Quarry Bay. Lauriston.

-

13 Humphreys Avenue, Kowloon. Gas Works, Hongkong. On premises.

8 Robinson Road.

6 Upper Mosque Terrace. Union Building.

2 Belilios Terrace.

18 Chatham Road, Kowloon.

21 Belilios Terrace.

13 Belilios Terrace, Robinson Road. 37 Mohsin Building, Kowloon.

5 Mosque Street.

4 Barrow Terrace.

1

:

21

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

B-Continued.

Barros, José Francisco d'Assis Barrow, Jobn Edward

Barry, Thomas Andrew.. Bartholomew, John Basa, Ricardo ..........

Bassford, William Faulkner Basto, Antonio H. .....

Basto, Carlos Henrique.. Bateman, Thomas Bates, Lewis Stanway Bauer, Harry Frederick.. Baxter, Harry Gordon Baxter, William.... Baylis, Frank...... Baylis, Phillip Noel.

Beatty, Frederick Ernest Beaumont, Ellis Ackroyd Beavis, Arthur Edward Beck, Ernest Jacobsen Becker, Anicet Begg, Stewart Duncan Bell, Eager Charles Bell, Michael Robson Bell, Robert Sidney

Bell, William Denny

Beltran, Maximiano Autonio Beltrão, Manuel Roza Benjamin, Vivian

Benson, Charles Henry. Benson, Gilbert Andrew Beuson, Hugh Hamilton Benson, Oscar Rowan Bentley, Charles

Bentley, John Berentson, John........ Berg, Sverre

Bernardo, Joaquim Natividade Bevan, Temple Percy Bewick, John William Beyer, Earling Theodore Bibby, John Eric Hartley. Biggar, David MacDonald Bird, George Bird, Hector Black, Ernest David Blackburn, Leslie James Blacking, Leslie Reed Blackmore, Ernest W. Blackwell, Philip William. Blake, Charles Henry Blair, David Keay Blair, Kenneth George. Blaker, Brian Oscar Blaker, Cedric Blason, Charles Henry

Bliss, Arthur William Blursdon, William James Bolton, Andrew A.. Bond, Charles Fond, Charles Percy Bone, David

Booten, Herbert de Vere

Campell Boteler, Augustus Thomas Botelho, Alvaro Alberto

Cargo Supt., Pacific Mail S. S. Co., Engineer, China Light & Power Co.,

Ltd.,.......

Acet. & Assist. Secretary, HK. Hotel, Assistant, Reiss & Co.,...... Merchant, R. Basa,

...

Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Architect, Raven & Basto, Architect, Little, Adams & Wood, Storekeeper, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Mackintosh & Co., Ld.,.... Accountant, International Bank,. Sub-Acct., Chartered Bank of I.A. & C., Engineer, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Superintendent, Sailors' Home, Bookkeeper, W. G. Humphreys & Co., Assistant, HK. & Shanghai Bauk,.. Assistant, H. A. Castro & Co., Assistant, Reiss & Co., Packer, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant John Mauners & Co., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Engineer, Asintic Petroleum Co., Ld., Draughtsman, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,. Superintendent, HK. Steel Foundry

Co., Ld..

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Clerk, Green Island Cement Co., Ld., Clerk, Messageries Maritimes, Manager, J. R. Michael & Co., Manager, American Express Co., Sub-Accountant, International Bank, Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co., Manager, Carroll & Co.,

...

Shipping Assistant, Alex Ross & Co., Asst., Union Ince. Socty, of Canton, Ld., Assist. Manager, Arnold, Bros & Co., Ld., Dept.-Manager, Thoresen & Co....... Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld, Cashier, Asia Banking Corporation, Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Manager, Asia Banking Corporation, Watchman, Taikoo Dockyard, Alex. Ross & Co.,

HK. & Shanghai Bank,

Engineer, Gas Co., Kowloon Works, Asst. Acct., Mercantile Bank of India, Manager, Brossard, Mopin & Co., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Secretary, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews,... Dept. Manager, S. T. Williamson, Assistaut, Gilman & Co., Director, Gilman & Co., Chartered Accountant, Butterfield &

Swire,

Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Inspector, Peak Tramway Co., Ld., Engineer, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Manager, Gande, Price & Co., Ld.,.......... Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard,

North-West Trading Co., Ld., Engineer, Bailey & Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co.,

2 Caine Road.

Hok Un.

23 Praya East, Wanchai. 72 The Peak.

7 Queen's Road.

Quarry Bay.

5 Chatham Road, Kowloon. 42A Nathan Road.

Quarry Bay.

10 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon. 70 The Peak.

Peak Hotel.

Kowloon Docks.

Sailors' Home, West Point. Mataukok Tannery.

Ou premises.

14 Macdonnell Road.

19 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

21 Leighton Hill Road,

I Connaught Road Central. 19 Humphreys Buildings. Kowloon Docks.

Burnbank, Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay.

5 Punjab Building, Kowloon. 7 Salisbury Avenue. Kowloon, Hongkong Hotel.

Ou premises.

2 Queen's Gardens.

2 Prat Building, Kowloon.

7 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon. Zetland House.

Union Building. 175 The Peak. 12 Conduit Road.

| 17 Robinson Road.

63 The Peak.

Tai Kok Tsui Installation. 147 Barker Road, The Peak. East Point Mess, Pokfulam. Quarry Bay.

59 Mount Parish. On premises.

Gas Works, Kowloon. 37 The Peak.

7 Broadwood Road, Peak Hotel. Wyndham Hotel.

3 Queen's Road Central.

3 Minden Avenue, Kowloon. 84. Des Voeux Road, Central. On premises.

5 Thorpe Manor, May Road. Kowloon Docks.

Matilda Hospital, Bowen Road. Kowloon Docks.

9 Orient Building, Kowloon. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay.

Union Building.

2 Victoria View, Kowloon.

1

Saifee Terrace, Top Floor, Kowloon.

22

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

B-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Botelho, Augusto Cezar

Assistant, Fumigating and Disinfecting

Bureau, Ld.,

Botelho, Julio Cecilio de Souza Bookkeeper, Botelho Bros.,

Botelho, Noe Ulysses

Boulton, Sydney

Bovet, Jean.....

Boyce, Robert P.

Boyd, Cedric C. Boyd, James

.....

Boyes, José Antonio

Brackenridge, Wilfred Bradbury, Bertram Walter.....

Bradford, George Preston...... Braga, Edmund Lewis Brameld, Thomas Branch, Benjamin Roper. Braun, Theodor Brearley, Alfred. Brewer, Charles D.

. Brewer, Noel Austom

Briddon, Arthur Stanley Bridger, J. P.......................

Bridger, Richard Lesliegh...... Brister, John Henry Brockman, Allen Clark.. Bromfield, James Larden

Bromley, Thomas Arthur Brook, Joshua Brooke, Charles Albert

Bannerman Brooks, Charles Cyrus Brown, Andrew Walton Brown, Charles Bernard Brown, Charles William Brown, Edric Ellsworth Brown, Capt. Frank Leader Brown, George Ernest Brown, James Walter Brown, John ...

Brown, Patrick

Brown, Robert John

Brown, William

Brown, Walter Herbert.

Brown, Wilson

Browning, Alexander Jack Bruce, Robert..... Buchanan, Gilbert

Buckberrough, William Ross...

Bunje, Emil Theodore

Hieronymus

Bunje, Henry Ferdinand Burdin, Roy Cornelius Burleigh, Harry Samuel Burn, George Andrew Bursley, Allen John

Burton, Arthur Louis Lovelace

Butterfield, William Arthur Buttin, Strathmore Tatham Button, Aaron Bux, Sheik Omar

Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,......

Clerk of Works, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Chef, HK. Hotel,

Manager, American Express Co., Merchant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Sub-Acct., Chartered Bank of I. A. & C.,... Assistant, China Provident Loan &

Mortgage Co, Ld......

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. Superintendent, Dairy Farm I. & C. S.

Co., Lil.,

Agent, Struthers & Barry, Assistant, Carroll & Co.,... Architect, Little, Adams & Wood, Official Measurer,

Foreman, China Sugar Refining Co., Ld., Accountant, Chartered Bank of I.A. & C., Commercial, W. R.Grace & Co.,........ Bookseller, Brewer & Co., Claim Clerk, The Admiral Line,..... Assistant, Commercial Union Ins. Co,

Ld..

2 Caine Road.

45 Nathan Road, Kowloon,

1 St. Joseph's Terrace. Quarry Bay.

On premises. On premises. East Point.

9 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon.

27 Shelley Street. Ewo Mess, The Peak.

King Edward Hotel.

4 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 18 Conduit Road.

c/o Little, Adams & Wood. 12 Chatham Road, Kowloon. Great George Street. 122 The Peak.

1 Causeway Bay.

On premises.

4 Banoo Building, Kowloon.

59 Mount Parish.

Managing Director, Lane, Crawford, Ld., On premises. Assistant, Reiss & Co.,

Sub-Acct, International Bank, Accountant, Texas Co.,

Salesman, hewan, Tomes, & Co.,

Marine Representative, Vacuum Oil Co.,

Principal, Pentreath & Co........ Assistant, Canadian Pacific Steamships Ld., Assistant, Lane Crawford & Co., Chartered Accountant, Linstead & Davis, Assistant Manager, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Robert Dollar Co., Engineer, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, H. Skott & Co.,

Boilermaker, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,... Assistant, Loxley & Co.,.............

Timekeeper, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,... Barman, HK. Hotel Co., Ld Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,

Joiner, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,...

Asst. Supt. E'neer, Butterfield & Swire,... Passenger Agent, Canadian Pacific Steam-

ships, Ld.,

Sub-Manager, H. M. H. Nemazee, Merchant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Manager, Thomas W. Simmons & Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Wharfinger, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Wharfinger, HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co.,

Ld.,

Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Chartered Acct., Linstead & Davis, ... Manager, HK. Steel Foundry Co., Ld.,... Clerk. HK. Electric Co., Ld.,.

3 Robinson Road.

2 Queen's Gardens.

3 Carnarvon Road, Kowloon. Palace Hotel, Kowloon. 14 Shaukiwan Road.

2 Tregunter Mansions, May Road.

12 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon. On premises. 62 The Peak. Quarry Bay.

Harting, Austin Road, Kowloon. 16 Bowen Road. Quarry Bay.

6 Queen's Garden' Kowloon Docks, Zetland House. Kowloon Docks, Hongkong Hotel. Quarry Bay.

Kowloon Docks,

6 Aimai Villas, Kowloon. On premises.

3 Carnarvon Road, Kowloon.

34 Humphreys Building, Kowloon,

4 Victoria View, Kowloon. 23 Broadwood Road.

7 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. Quarry Bay, Quarry Bay.

$ Belilios Terrace.

6 Aimai Villas, Kowloon. Peak Hotel. Alexandra Buildings. Burnbank, Quarry Bay.

55 Jardine's Bazaar, 1st Floor.

:

23

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

C

Cameron, Allan

Cameron, Ronald Valence...... Cameron, Tom Richard Cameroo, Miya Ahmed

Camidge, Reginald Albert..............

Campos, Henrique Maria

Canney, Joseph

Carlos, Cesar Villa...

Carmichael, Alexander

Carneson, Allan

Carnley, John..........

Carpenter, Edgar William

Herbert

Carroll, Anthony Henry Carroll, William Joseph Carvalho, Carlos Francisco de Carvaho, Duarte Euterio Carvalho, Fernao Henrique de Carvalho, Guilherme Augusto

de

Carvalho, Gustavo Adolpho de Carvalho, Luiz Gonzaga

Homen de

Carvalho, Luiz Homen de Carvalho, Marcos Antonio Carvalho, Octavio Arthur de Cassel, L.

Cassidy, Philip Stanley. Castricum, Jan Maurits Elias

van

Castro, Alfred Bonaparte

Hendrickson

Castro, Antonio Piu Castro,.Bonifacio Maria.. Castro, Carlos Maria Castro, Egydio Maria

Henrickson

Castro, Heury Armando Castro, Joaquim Telles

d'Almada e

Castro, José Francisco

Manager, Canadian Pacific Steamships,

Ld.,

Asst. Supt. Engr., Butterfield & Swire,... Assistant, HK. & Shanghai Bank,.. Assistant, Handelmaats Chappij (Trans-

marina)

Sub-Accountant, Chartered Bank of I.

A. & C.,

Clerk, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Clerk, Far East Oxigen Co., Ld., Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Oriental Mgr., Candian Pacific S.S. Co., Assistant, Wm. Powell, Ld.,

On premises.

16 Broadwood Road. On premises.

York Building.

3 Queen's Road Central.

10 Salisbury Avenne, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

109 Belcher Street, Kennedy Town. Quarry Bay.

124 The Peak. On premises.

Assistant, Mackinuon, Mackenzie & Co........... 22 Des Voeux Road Central.

Principal, Carroll Bros., Principal, Carroll Brose, Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank... Clerk, P. M. N. da Silva,.. Assistant, Andersen, Meyer & Co

47 Conduit Road.

49 Conduit Road.

On premises.

33 Granville Road, Kowloon.

5 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Lù., | 7 Austin Avenne, Kowloon. Assistant, Reiss & Co.,

17 Belilios Terrace.

Clerk, China Vegetable Oil Co.,.... Godownman, Davis Co., Ld., Assistant, Botelho Bros., Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Merchant,

Merchant, J. D. Hutchison & Co.,

Asst. Manager, Java-China-Japan-Lijn,...

Assistaut, K. Whampoa Dock Co., Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Assistant, Yokohama Specie Bank, Ld..... Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co.,

Assistant, HK. Rope Factory,. Merchant, H. A. Castro & Co.,

Clerk, International Banking Corporation, Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,

Castro, José Maria d'Almada e | Assistant, The Bank Line Ld., Cave, Charles Percy

Chadwick, George Albert Chaloner, Robert Minta........ Chan, Carlos

Chan Chew.

Chan Harr

Chan Hongkey Chan Kwai Chia

Chan Kwai Pun.... Chan Kwan-sbeung Chan Lap Chiu Chan, Owen

Chan Ping San

Chan, Seward Cheung Chan Shin-tsun Chan Shun Yu Chan Wa Hon

Chan Wing-cheung

Chan Wing To

Chaney, Harry William.. Chang Clifton P. Chang Man Sun..... Chapman, James Brand......

Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Cashier, Liggett Myers & Co., Merchant, Himly & Co., Merchant, Sincere Co., Ld.,.... Chief Assistant, Banker & Co., Ld., House Manager, HK. Amusements, Ld............ Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld.,. Assistant, A. R. Fenton Raven, Architect, Accountant, Texas Co., Assistant, Snowman & Co.,

Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co.,. Clerk, Chinese Merchants Bank, L‍.,. Assistant, Shewau, Tomes & Co., Clerk, Mustard & Co.,

Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Clerk, HK. Steel Foundry Co., Ld., Manager, Asia Commercial Development.

Co.,

Clerk of Works, Palmer & Turner,. Manager, Colonial Commercial Co., Ld., Director, Extreme-Orient Trading Co., Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Catchick Street. Kennedy Town.

17 Belilios Terrace. On premises. Hongkong Club.

12D Lugard Road, The Peak.

87 The Peak.

Kowloon Docks. 46A Bonham Road. 23 Shelley Street, 5 Mosque Street.

44 Elgin Street.

4 Conduit Road,

1 Lyeemoon Villas, Kowloon. 12 Belilios Terrace.

1 Lyeemoon Villas, Kowloon. Tai Kok Tsui Installation.

2 Branksome Towers, May Road. 13 Branksome Towers, May Road. 6 Granville Road. Kowloon. 32 Connaught Road Central. 1 St. Stephen's Lane.

4 Rednaxela Terrace. c/o Coronet Theatre. Union Building.

5 Gilman Bazaar, 2nd floor. 34 Ice House Street. 2 Mosque Terrace. Un premises.

28 Granville Road, Kowloon.

63 Des Vœux Road Central.

6 Lee Yuen Street East, 1st Floor On premises.

9 Staunton Street.

6 College View.

40B Nathan Road, Kowloon.

1 Seymour Road.

15 Wellington Street. Quarry Bay.

NAME IN FULL.

24

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

C-Continued.

Chappell, Richard Hope Chatterton, Reginald C. Chau Chiu-ngok

Chau Man-chi..

Chau Yat-fung.

Chau Yue-teng

Chazournes, Felix Philippe

Boisson de

Chen C. K....

Chen Tso H.

Cheng Huan

Cheng Kwong... Chesterton, Arthur James

Cheung Hok Chau

Cheung Tat-chin

Cheung U-pui

Cheong Ta-cho

Cheung Wing Po

Chilman, George Lewis.... Chin Keay

Chiu Kam Chee

Choa Po-min

Choa Po-yew Chopard, Fritz Albert Chow, Francis Xavier Chow Kang-yan. Chow Ngan-ting Chow Ping-un Chow Sui-lam..... Christensen, Engelhardt.. Chubb, Stanford Frank Chu Po-yan..... Chun Wing-sen Chung Kam-tong

Chung Ngai Chan ...... Church, Basil Hampden Church, Samuel Shriver Churn, Samuel Macomber.... Clark, Douglas Edward.. Clark, Frank

Clark, John Caer

Clark, Richard Ferguson.

Clark, St. George Rushont Clerk, Walter James. Clark, William George Claason, Hermann

Clauson, Peter George Clayson, Edward Frederick Clemo, Frederick Charles Coates, Alfred Edward Cobb, Arthur Henry Kingston Cock, Edward........ Cockram, William Coelho, Alvaro José Coleman, Frederick Charles Collaço, Francisco Cecilio Collaço, Maximiano Antonio... Collison, Benjamin Noel Columbine, Sidney Bennett... Comrie, Richard Conrad

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Electrician, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Compradore, H. A. Castro & Co., Office Assistant, Chau Yne Teng, Broker, Ellis & Co.,

Merchant, Chau Yue Teng,

Mercantile Assistant, Dodwell & Co........ Acct., Industrial & Commercial Bank, Assistant Manager, Industrial & Com-

mercial Bank,...

General Manager, Pacific Trading Co., Assitant, Furness (Far East), Ld.,....... Inspector of Wireless Telegraph, The

Marconi International Marine Com- munication Co., Ld., Assistant, Fung Tang,.

Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co., Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,.............. Clerk, The Admiral Line Pacific S.S. Co., Assistant Cashier, Bank of Canton. Ld., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Compradore, The Admiral Line Pacific

S.S. Co.,

Assistant Treasurer, Asia Commercial

Development Co.,

Asst. Compradore, China Sugar Refining

Co., Ld.,

Compradore, Asia Banking Corporation,...! Hotelier, Astor House Hotel, Stenographer, Liggett Myers & Co., Compradore, Getz Bros & Co., Asst. Compradore, Russo-Asiatic Bauk, . Assistant, Pittendrigh Rumjahn & Co..... Compradore, Bank of Tai Wan, Assistant, Chas E. Richarson, Engineer, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Laboratory Assistant, A. C. Franklin, Secretary, Pacific Trading Co.,

Traffic Manager, China Oversea Trading

Co..

Acting Secretary, Canadian Trading Co., Draughtsman, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Sub-Accountant, International Bank, Merchaut, Union Trading Co., Ld., Merchant, J. D. Humphreys & Son, Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Architect,

Engr., Taikoo Sugar Refinery,

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,.......... Assistant, HK. & Shanghai Bauk, Storekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, ...

Assistant Manager, Reuter Brockelmann

& Co.,

Chief Clerk, Davis Co., Ld., Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Engr.. China Light & Power Co., Ld., Clerk, HK. Tramway Co., Ld., Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Cantou, Ld., Asst. Manager, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Draughtsman, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,. Clerk, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Electrician, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Assistant, Lane Crawford & Co.,........... Accountant, HK. & China Gas Co., Ld., Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bauk, Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,

Ou premises.

Kowloon Docks.

10 Chiu Loong Street.

33 Seymour Road.

48 Bonbam Road, Top floor. 33 Seymour Road.

9 Nathan Road, Kowloon, 52A Caiue Road.

.: 52A Caine Road.

38B Bonham Road. SA Tung Street.

7, Queen's Garden, Pead Road. SA Queen's Road Central. 29 Gage Street. 5 Chancery Lane. 139 Wautsai Road. 35 Robinson Road. Empress Lodge, Kowloon.

2 Burrows Street, Wanchai.

5 On Hing Terrace.

On premises.

13 Queen's Road Central. 13 Queen's Road Central. 98 Queen's Road East, 2nd Floor. 4 Gage Street, 2nd floor. Ou premises.

9 Tai Ping Shan Street. On premises.

1 Kimberley Villas, Kowloon. On premises.

8 Arbuthnot Road. 33 Robinson Road.

54 D'Aguilar Street. 33 Queen's Road Central. Kowloon Docks. Kingsclere Hotel. Prince's Building. Alexandra Buildings. Quarry Bay.

14 Queen's Road Central. Quarry Bay.

On premises. On premises. Quarry Bay.

Station Hotel.

3 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon. 22 Kai Fan Road, Kowloon. Kowloon.

22 Granville Road, Kowloon. On premises. Kowloon Docks. Kowloon Docks.

177 Wanchai Road. Kowloon Docks. On premises.

On premises.

Gas Works, Hongkong.

On premises.

51 The Peak

NAME IN FULL.

25

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

C-Continued.

Conant, Harold Abbott Rand. Conceição, Valeriano Conraad, Adriaan Conrad, Alexander C. Cook, Walter Ernest Cooke, F. L.

Coole, William Henry Coote, Robert Henry

Cordeiro, Estanislau Maria Cordeiro, Luiz Gonzaga Cordeiro, Procopio Antonio Cornaby, W. B.

Cornell, William Arthur Cornley, John... Corveth, Ignacio Pereira. Cossart, Louis Auguste Costa, Antonio Fidelis da

Costa, Isidoro Maria da..... Costa, José Souza da Costa, Lourenço Antonio da Costen, William Thomas Cottis, Elijah,...

Course, Arthur

Courtney, Frank McDougall... Cousins, Ralph Hutchison ... Cox, Percy Alexander

Cox, William Mitchell

Craig, Charles Hubert Crapnell, Frederick Harry

Crary, Louis Merton .....

Crawford, Alexander. Crawford, Frank Malcolm Lane Crawford, John Donglas

Hamilton......

Crawford, William Joseph Crichton, William

Crispin, Charles

Crofton, Christopher

Crockatt, James Laird

Crookdake, Jonathan

Croucher, Noel Victor Amor... Crowley, Bernard

Crush, Frank

Cruz, Florencio Maria da

Cruz, João de la

Cruz, João Maria

Cubey, Edwin Banfield Cullen, Fred

Cunha, Bernardino Maria

Cardoso da

Curreem, Abdul Currie, Norman, M. Curtis, Walter Vaughan

Curtis, Walter Shillito Vaughan Cuthill, Douglas James.. Cuthill, George Hamilton

D

Dalgety, George Mackay D'Almeida, J. M. Dalziel, James

Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Assistant, Transmarina Trading Co., Assistant, Java-China-Japan-Lijn Manager, Connell Bros. Co. Assistant, Cosmopolitan Dock,

Orient Tobacco Manufactory,

Cutter, J. T. Shaw,

Assist. China, Provident Loan

and

Mortgage Co., Ld.,........

Clerk, Struthers & Barry,

Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Clerk, Palmer & Turner,

12 Tregunter Mansions. York Building.

18 Armand Building, Kowloon. Union Building.

On premises.

On premises.

2 Saifee Terrace, Kowloon.

5 Heard Street.

46 Morrison Hill Road.

On premises.

6 Ningpo Road, Kowloon.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., | 3 Queen's Gardens.

Architect, Palmer & Turner,

Assistant, Wm. Powell, Ld.,

Clerk, Arnold Bros. Co., Ld.,

Accountant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.. Clerk, Liverpool & London & Globe

Insurance Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Li,

Peak Hotel. Powell's Building.

14 Mosque Street. 22 Broadwood Road.

12 Granville Road, Kowloon.

2 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon.

Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Queen's Building. Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Works Foreman, China Mining & Metal

Co., Ld..

2 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon. Kingsclere.

Traffic Supt., HK. Tramway Co., Ld., Sub-Manager, International Bank, Asst.-Manager, Taikoo Dockyard, General Agent, Canadian Pacific Ocean

Services,

Sub-Accountant, Chartered Bank of I. A.

and C.,........

Manager, Davie Robert Senr. (HK.) Ld. Chief Clerk, HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co.,

Ld.,

Bldg. Inspector, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

Ld.,

Asst. Supt. Engr., Butterfield & Swire,... Managing Director, Lane, Crawford & Co.,

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,. Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Shipwright, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Manager, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Engineer, China Light & Power Co. Ld., Engineer, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Sharebroker, Benjamin & Potts, Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

Bookkeeper, W. G. Humphreys & Co., ... Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Draughtsman, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Assistant, W. L. Weaser Architect, Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard, Storekeeper, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,...

Clerk, Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Assistant, Arculli & Sons,

General Manager, Davie Boag & Co., Ld., Manufacturer,

Asst., HK. Rope Manufacturing Co., Ld.... Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

Head Watchman, HK. Whampoa Dock

Co.,

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Assistant, Larssen & Co.,................... Chief Engr., Taikoo Sugar Refinery,.

Company's Works Kwei Cheng, N.T. East Point Flats. 164 The Peak, Quarry Bay.

Union Building.

Chartered Bank Mess. On premises.

13 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

King's Building. Kowloon.

Ou premises.

167 The Peak. Kowloon Docks. Quarry Bay. Kowloon Docks.

Chater House, 17 Peak Road. Hok Un.

Kowloon Docks.

Hongkong Hotel.

Harting, corner of Kimberley and

Austin Roads, Kowloon. 50в Nathan Road, Kowloon. 15 Belilios Terrace. 153 Queen's Road East. 68 Queen's Road East. Quarry Bay. Kowloon Docks.

į On premises.

22 Leighton Hill Road. P. & 0. Mess.

18 & 20, Nathan Road. 19 Nathan Road, Kowloon. 31 Humphreys Building.

Kowloon Docks.

On premises.

23 Granville Road, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

NAME IN FULL.

26

OCCUPATION.'

ADDRESS.

1

D-Continued.

Danenberg, Emilio........ Dangerfield, Lewis A. Davidson, Alexander........ Davidson, Gerald

Davidson, Francis Alexander...

Davies, Arthur Reginald

Prothero

Davies, Leonard John

Davis, Alfred Edward William Davis, Harry Dawson, Tracy Day, Harold

D'Azevedo, Alexandre

Antonio

Deacon, Stuart Deans, William

Dekker, Adriaan Jan Hendrik

van Der Mijll .....

Delgado, Firmino Xavier Demee, A. D.

Des Voeux, Edward Alfred Deursen, Louis William van

Dick, James Gold Dickens, Charles Dickie, Frederick John Dietrich, Richard Harding Dingman, Edward Colton Dinnen, Hugh.... Dinsdale, Felix Amyas..... Diss, Arthur Charles... Dixon, Philip Albert Dixon, Robert James. Docherty, Edward,......... Dodd, John Valentine Doe, James John Donnelly, Denis Ewart Donnithorne, James Henry

Dorf, F. V

Dorkins, George Maurice Dorton, Robert Earle............. Douglas, James Angus Douglas, Robert Hinde Douglas, William Ewart Dowbiggin, Hugh Blackwell

Layard...... Dowrick, John Lindsay. Doyle, Thomas Wilfred. Drake, Edward Ott

Drake, William Stanley Dransfield, Albert Dreyer, Holger Drollette, S. H.

Drude, Robert Alexander Drummond, Neil Dryden, David Duncan Duce, William Alfred

Duckworth, Ferdinand Farrant Duclos, Gordon

Duggan, Edward Wilfred Dunbar, Lambert

Duncan, George

Duncan, George

Duncan, Robert Kirkwood....

Professor of Music,

Acct., American Milk Products Corpn.,. Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard,. Architect, Palmer & Turner, Veterinary Surgeon Dairy Farm I. & C. S.

Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Wm. Powell, Ld., Assistant, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld.,... Manager, Repulse Bay Hotel, Chemist, Green Island Cement Co., L., Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., ... Electrical Engr., HK. Electric Co., Ld., Assistant, Nederlandsche Handel Maats-

chappy,

Electrical Engineer, HK. Electric Co. Ld., Assistant, Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Netherlands India Commercial

Bank,

Asst., Holland China Trading Co., Asst. Eugr., Engine Room, HK. Hotel,... Exchange Broker,..

Sub-Accountant, Nederlandsche Handel

Maatschappy,

Sawmiller, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Assistant, Asia Banking Corporation Merchant, North-West Trading Co., Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Tailor, Diss Bros.,........

Manager, T. E. Griffith, Ld., Boilermaker, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,... Carpenter, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,

Foreman, China Sugar Refining Co., Ld., Wine Merchant, Donnelly & Whyte, Works Manager, China Light & Power

Co., Ld.,

Assistant, John Manners & Co., Accountant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., L., Cashier, American Express Co., Sugar Boiler, China Sugar Refining Co.;. Marine Surveyor, Goddard & Douglas, Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,..................

Bill & Bullion Broker, Stewart Bros., Travel Dept., American Express Co., Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Manager, British American Tobacco Co.,

Ld.,

Assistant, Wm. Powell, Ld.,

Storekeeper, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Shewan Tomes & Co.

Supervisor, Singer Sewing Machine Co., Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,........... Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

Sugar Boiler, China Sugar Refining Co.,

Ld.,

Electrical Engineer, Electric Co., Ld.,.. Agent, Singer Sewing Machine Co., Cashier, American Express Co.,..... Flour Broker, Dunbar Bros. Co., Ld., Assistant, Jardine Mathesen & Co., Copper Smith, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

1 The Albany, Garden Road, 10 Chatham Road, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

37 The Peak.

Pokfulam.

Powell's Building. Peak Hotel. Repulse Bay Hotel, Cement Works. Victoria View, Kowloon. 19 Humphreys Building.

Netherlands Trading Society. 12 Wong-nei-chong Road. Dairy Farm, Pokfulam.

Des Voeux Road Central.

7 Siü Wah Terrace, High Street. 5 Cambay Building, Kowloon. Hongkong Club.

Netherlands Trading Society. Kowloon Docks. Quarry Bay.

8 Queen's Gardens, May Road. 147 Barker Road, The Peak. Union Building.

Quarry Bay.

91 The Peak.

18в Nathan Road, Kowloou. 4 Lyeemoon Villas, Kowloon. Kowloon Docks. Kowloon Docks. Quarry Bay.

4 Great George Street. Shebeen, Cheung Chan.

Kowloon.

Victoria View.

48 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 7 Prat Building, Kowloon. East Point Terrace, Hongkong Club. 168A The Peak.

165 The Peak. On premises. On premises.

147 Barker Road. On premises. Quarry Bay.

14 Conduit Road. Kingsclere.

54 Nathan Road, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

31 Humphreys, Building, Kowloon.

3 Great Geoge Street.

Wing Fung Street, Wanchai. Kingsclere.

On premises.

14 Peak Road.

31, The Terrace, Kowloon Docks. Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

፡፡

F

133 Nap P + ༥, . ལས

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

27

ADDRESS.

D-Continued.

Dunlevy, Robert John Dunn, Samuel...

Dunnett, Gordon Black.... Durrschmidt, Henry Dutton, Sydney Hardy Dykstra, Rients

Timekeeper, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Manager, E. Navon & Is Meraslie Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,.. Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Merchant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Assistant, Handel Maatschappy Trans-

marina Trading Co.,

Quarry Bay.

17 Seymour Terrace. On premises.

39 Austin Road. 5 Queen's Gardens.

On premises.

Eager, Oscar

E

Eagle, Albert Edward Eales, Harold Gordon Eastman, Alfred William Eça, Alberto Maria d' Eça, José Maria d' Eddie, David Silas.. Edgcumbe, Clifford Edouard, Gavin Max Edward, Frederick.. Edwards, George Richard

Edwards, William James Eldridge, William James Ellams, George Ernest Elias, Isaac Ezerial Elias, Reuben Sassoon Elliot, George Herbert Ellis, Arthur Sassoon Ellis, Emanuel Ezekiel Ellis, Felix Maurice Ellis, Frederick

Ellis, Nathaniel Solomon Elms, Paul Andrew Endert, Carel Johan

Eugel, Gustav

England, Eric Godfrey Ensign, Leon Emmett Eustace, William Albert Evamy, D. L.......................... Evans, Gwilym Herbert Evans, James.. Eveleigh, Grahame Tom Exell, Arnold Scott

Ezra, Edward

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. Assistant Manager, T. E. Griffith,. Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Authorised Clerk, Moxon & Taylor, Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,. Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld.,.. Broker, Suowman & Co.,

Assistant, P. A. Lapieque & Co., Filmer, Nestle & Anglo-Swiss Milk Co., Secretary, United Asbestos Oriental

Agency Co., Ld.,

Engineer, W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld., Storekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, Asst., HK., C. & M. Steamboat Co., Ld., Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Assistant, S. J. David & Co., Ld., Manager, Com'cial Union Ins. Co., Ld., Broker, Ellis & Co., Broker, Ellis & Co.,

Stockbroker, Ellis & Co.............. Broker, Ellis & Co., F.

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,. Assistant, Loxley & Co,...... Assistant, Netherlands India Commercial

Bank,

Partner & Mgr., Wm. Meyerink & Co., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Special Representative, Vacuum Oil Co.,. Managing Director, Lane, Crawford & Co.,] Asst., Jardine, Matheson & Co.,... Merchant, Carter & Co., Ld., Engineer, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Architect, Leigh & Orange, Sub-Accountant, Chartered Bank of I.,

A. & C..

Sub-Manager, D. Sassoon & Co., Ld.,...

Peak Hotel. Kingsclere.

1 Connaught Road Central. Peak Hotel.

5 Rose Terrace, Kowloon. On premises. Wyndham Hotel.

5 Branksome Towers, May Road. 29 Leighton Hill Road. 7 Morrison Gap.

24 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 5B Orient Building, Kowloon, Quarry Bay.

| 7 Prat Building, Kowloon,

6 Chancery Lane.

6 Chancery Laue. 137A The Peak.

6 Broadwood Terrace.. 6 Broadwood Terrace. 25 Belilios Terrace. 29B Kennedy Road. 6 Queen's Gardens. St. Joseph's Building, Top Floor.

4 The Peak.

11 Orient Building, Kowloon. Hasting, Austin Road, Kowloon. 33 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. On premises.

Ewo Mess, The Peak.

44A Nathan Road, Kowloon,

9 Ying Wah Terrace, West Point. Peak Hotel.

Bank Mess, 3 Queen's Road Central. 7 Humphreys Avenue, Kowloon.

F

...

Fairburn, Charles Albert ... Timekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, Falconer, William Ford, Jr.,... Farias, Anito Miguel Paulo Farmer, Clarence Leimpster... Farmer, Hugh Farne, Francis Henry Farrant, Roydon..... Farrell, Albert Edward.. Farrell, Peter..

Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,... Assistant, J. M. da Rocha & Co., Assistant, Douglas Steamship Co., Ld., ... Assistant, Carter & Co., Ld.,

Farthing, Frank Heury. Faulkner, James William Fauvelle, Gerard..... Fawcett, Herbert Ferguson, James Carson

Asst., Union Ince. Soety. of Canton, Ld., Mercantile Asst., Shewau, Tomes & Co., . Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Manager, Machinery Department, W. G.

Humphreys & Co.,

Accountant, General Electric Co., Ld., ... Engineer, General Electric Co., Ld., Assistant, Andersen, Meyer & Co., Ld.,... Clerk, Leigh & Orange, Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,..

Quarry Bay. Hongkong Office.

6 Austin Avenue, Kowloon. 7 Branksome Towers, May Road. Wyndham Hotel. Union Building. Repulse Bay Hotel.

8 Kimberley Road, Kowloon.

King Edward Hotel.

19 Humphreys Building. 28A Nathan Road, Kowloon. 18 Mosque Street.

148 Nathan Road, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

NAME IN FULL.

28

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

F-Continued.

Ferguson, John

Fernandez, Menino.. Ferreira, Alberto

Fetterly, Kenneth Melford Fielder, Bert Ernest Field, Walter Stanley Figueiredo, Eduardo José de... Figueiredo, Henrique João

Melchiades de........ Figueiredo, Manuel Augusto... Figueiredo, Francisco Maria

Xavier de

Figueiredo, Henrique Alberto

de......

Finch, John Colin

Findlay, David MacPherson

Fisher, Edward

Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, ... Liquidator, HK. Mercantile Co., Ld........ Works Foreman, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Associate Agent, China Mail S.S. Co., Ld., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, Admiral Line, Partner, Hughes & Hough,

Assistant, Arnhold Bros. & Co., Ld.,................ Assistant, Shewan Tomes & Co.,

Clerk, Holland Pacific Trading Co.,

Assistant, Arnold Bros. & Co., Ld., Assistant, Wm. Powell, Ld., Accountant, Asia Banking Corporation,... Assistant, Gilman & Co...

Fisher, Frederick Alfred Wm.. Storekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard,

Fisher, John

Fisher, Joseph

Fonseca, José Maria

Forbes, Alexander Rodger. Ford, Edward Stephen Ford, William Falconer. Forder, George

Forsyth, Alexander Smith.. Forsyth, Henry Russell. Forsyth, William Forum, Paul Nicolai

Fothergill, Archibald

Foulds, John Gibson Patrick... Fountain, Herbert John. Fowler, George Fox, William

Franco, Carlos Alberto

Franco, Francisco Maria, Jr... Franklin, Arthur Cawte Fraser, Archibald Dick Fraser, Joseph

Fraser, William

French, Ernest Malcolm Fritz, Chester.

Froberg, Erick Gustav

Fulcher, Charles Augustine Fung Fuk-tin.

Fung Man-sui..

Fung Tat-hang

Fung Yuk-shum...

Engineer, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Clerk, HK. Steel Foundry Co., Ld., Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Foreman, China Sugar Refining Co., Ld., Asst., HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld., Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Assistant, Whiteaway, Laidlaw & Co., Clerk, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Chartered Acct., Butterfield & Swire,. Engineer, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Vice-President, Andersen, Meyer & Co.,

Ll.,

Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,

Piano Tuner, Anderson Music Co., Ld.,....... Foreman, China Sugar Refining Co., Ld.,. Assistant, A. Abdoolrakim,.. Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Clerk, Messageries Maritimes, Metallurgist and Analyst, Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Engineer, W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld., Clerk, Electric Light Co., Ld.,

Asst. Marine Supt., Butterfield & Swire... Principal, Chas. E. Richardson, Port Captain, The Admiral Line, Clerk, Moxon & Taylor, .... Manager, Kwong Sang Hong, Asst. Secretary, Bank of Canton, Ld., Compradore, Hongkong Hotel,

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,

Quarry Bay.

Fernandez Bungalow, K'loon Tong. 126 Prava East.

26 Belilios Terrace, Robinson Road. 6 The Peak.

7 Middle Road, Kowloon. 2, Hankow Road, Kowloon.

3 Liberty Avenue, Homuntin. 1 Peace Avenue, Homuntin.

6 Caine Road.

3 Liberty Avenue, Homuntin. Powell's Building. 8 Glenealy. On premises. Quarry Bay.

Kowloon Docks.

22 Morrison Hill Road.

1 Belilios Terrace.

East Point Terrace.

4 & 5 Ashley Road, Kowloon. Hongkong Office. Wyndham Hotel. Inverness Terrace.

31 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. Kowloon Docks.

Kingsclere.

39 Austin Road. Quarry Bay.

5 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon. 1 Great George Street.

34 Queen's Road Central. On premises.

Gunpowder Depôt (Green Island). 21 Cheung Chan Road Quarry Bay.

8 Middle Rd., Kowloon.

4 The Albany. Hongkong Hotel. Hongkong Club.

Station Hotel, Kowloon. Empress Lodge, Kowloon. On premises.

2A High Street, West Point. c/o Hongkong Hotel.

56 Bonham Road.

G

Gaan, Martin Jose........

Gall, Algernon Langly Galloway, W..... Galluzzi, Ugo Cesare.. Garcia, Alexander Garcia, Francisco Maria Garcia, Rufino Francisco

Garduer, Charles Augustus Gardner, John Gardner, Joseph. Gardner, Louis

Accountant, British American Tobacco

Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ship Broker, Geo. Grimble & Co.,

Freight Clerk, Pacific Mail S.S. Co.,...... Accountant, China Mail S.S. Co., Ld., Freight Clerk, The Admiral Line Pacific

Steamship Co.,

Manager, International Trading Co., ..... Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard.

Clerk, Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld.,. Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld.,.

21 Belilios Terrace.

100 The Peak.

Ewo Mess, The Peak.

9 Mountain View, The Peak. 3в Gordon Road.

33 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

5A Orient Building, Kowloon. 50 Kennedy Road. Quarry Bay. Union Building. Union Building.

NAME IN FULL.

29

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

G-Continued.

Gardner, William Frederick ...

Garraway, James Graham Geare, Iltyd Henry Gennep Luhrs, Jan Hendrik

van

Geoffroy, Henri Edmond Jean. George, David Chan Gerin, Henri Guilleume Gerken, Charles

Germann, Alexander Gerrard, George..........

Gibbins, Frederick William

Gibbison, John Joseph Giles, Vinton Sela

Gill, William

Gillespie, James..

Gittins, Henry Glanville, Herbert Glendinning, Percy Richard.. Glover, Alfred Ernest Gloyn, John Wakeham

Goetz, Carl Heury Goldenberg, Isaac Levy. Goldenberg, William Gomes, A. M.....

Gomes, Augusto Conceição Gomes, Francis

Gomes, Francisco Xavier Gomes, José

Gomes, José Hipolyto Gomes, José Vicente

Gomes, Luiz Braz

Gomes, Luiz Maria.......

Gomes, Maximiano Antonio... Gomes. Themotio Francisco Gompertz, Richard Henry

Litton

Gonella, Ugo

Gonsalves, Julio Augusto...... Gonsalves, Julio Augusto da

Costa Gonsalves, Verissimo Claudio Goobouin, Michael S. Goodall, Donald MacGregor... Goodman, Frederick Charles Goodman, Reginald James

Goodwin, David Alexander Gordon, John Donald Gordon, John Henry

......

Gosano, Julio Jesus dos Passos Gotch, Thoms Hepburn Gourdin, Frederick O'Driscoll. Gourlay, Adam Gow, David

Graça, Francisco Maria Paulo

de

Graça, José Athanasio

Maria de

Grant, Peter Strachan

Gray, Herbert Castell

Gray, Robert

Gray, Samuel...... Gray, Waiter

Assistant, Union Ince. Socty. of Canton,

Ld..

Engineer, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Gen. Manager, Vacuum Oil Co.,...................... Managing Director, Holland Pacific

Trading Co., Ld.,

Manager, Far East O. & A. Co., Ld., Assistant, Java-China-Japan-Lijn,... Managing Partner, Gerin, Drevard & Co., Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Clerk, Astor House Hotel, Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,.... Manager, Wilkinson, Heywood & Clark,

Ld.,

Asst., Canadian Pacific Steamships, Ld.,. Representative, International Trade

Developer,

Engr., Taikoo Sugar Refining Co., Ld.,... Carpenter, HK. Whampoa Dock Co. Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton Ld., Traffic Inspector, HK. Tramway Co., Ld., Manager, Kelly & Walsh, Ld.,

Chief Foreman, China Sugar Refining

Co., Ltd.,

Garage Engineer, Alex. Ross & Co., Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Merchant, N. S. Moses & Co.,.... Stenographer, American Express Co., Assistant, D. Sassoon & Co., Assistant, Nippon Yusen Kaisha, Clerk, Banque de l'Indo China, Assistant, Arnold Bros. & Co., Ld., Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Storekeeper, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Asst., General Electric Co. of China,.. Clerk, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Assistant, K. Whampoa Dock Co., Assistant, Union Ince. Socty. of Canton,

Ld.,

Architect, Brossard, Mopin & Co., Clerk, Botelho Bros.,

Assistant, Botelho Bros., Assistant, D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Accountant, Russo-Asiatic Bank, Cafe Manager, Lane, Crawford, Ld., Engineer, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Supt. Storekeeper, HK. Whampoa Dock

Co.,

Director, W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld., Assistant, Moutrie & Co.,

Assistant, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld.,... Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co.,Ld.,. Assistant, Bradley & Co.,................. Rivetter, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Chief Clerk, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,...

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., L.,

Assistant, Lammert Bros., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

|

Union Building. Kowloon Docks. Repulse Bay Hotel.

Mountain View, 32 The Peak. To Kwa Wan. 91 High Street. 148 Barker Road.

11 Broadwood Road,

13 Queen's Road Central. Quarry Bay.

Peak Hotel.

3 Torres Building, Kowloon.

12 Knutsford Terrace. Quarry Bay.

Kowloon Docks.

14 Ashley Road, Kowloon. Union Building.

1, Moreton Terrace.

1 Beaconsfield Arcade.

East Point Terrace. 4 Morrison Hill Road. 2 Peat's Bldg.

56в Nathand Road, Kowloon. On premises.

8 Humphrey Avenue, Kowloon, 19 Wong-nei-chong Road, Chater Road.

5 Blue Building. Kowloon Docks. Cosmopolitan Dock.

8 Humphrey Avenue, Kowloon. 13 Cameron Road, Kowloon. 6 Ashley Road, Kowloon. Kowloon.

Union Building.

161, Wanchai Road.

17 Granville Road, Kowloon.

24 Nanking Road, Kowloon. 8 Granville Road, Kowloon. Empress Lodge, Kowloon. On premises.

Kowloon Docks.

Kowloon Docks.

2 Torres Building, Kowloon. Victoria View, Kowloon.

8 Queen's Gardens. On premises. Kingsclere.

244 Nathan Road, Kowloon. Kowloon Docks. Kowloon Docks.

9 Garden Road.

12 Lochiel Terrace, Kowloon. Hongkong Club.

Assistant, Union Ince. Socty. of Canton Ld., Union Building.

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Engineer, H. K. Whampoa Dock Co., Mercantile Asst., Dodwell & Co., Ld.,

Quarry Bay.

Kowloon Docks.

Empress Lodge, Kowloon.

30

NAME IN FULL.

CCCUPATION.

Address.

G-Continued.

Green, George

Greenfield, Samuel Billings Greenhill, Leslie Solbé Greensitt, Arthur

Greenwood, Harry........ Gregory, Tigran Matthews Greig, Kenneth Edward Greig, William

Griffin, Harold

Griffin, Herbert

Grimes, Thomas....

Butcher, Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., Ld., 1 Baroon Buildings,

Chair Manufacturer

Accountant, HK. Land I. & A. Co., Ld., Telephone Engr., China & Japan Telephone

Co., Ld,

Chartered Accountant, Linstead & Davis, Merchant, T. M. Gregory & Co., Chief Engineer, T'koo Dockyard, Shipwright, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

Grimble, Eric George Norton Ship Broker, Geo. Grimble & Co.,

Grimshaw, Thomas

Grimstone, Sydney Ernest- Groot, Adrianus Theodorus

Groskamp, Willem Hendrik...

Grossman, Edward............

Grott, George........ Groundwater, Richard Gerrie..

Grout, Herbert Lawrence Grunsell, Stuart

Gubbay, David Sassoon. Guidon, Lavallée Gabriel Guimaraes, Egas Guimgan, Cecil Gunn, Ray Edgar

Guterres, Augusto Arthur..... Guterres, Luiz Esperança

Gutierres, Luis Augusto Gutierrez, Alvaro Eugenio... Gutierrez, Gregorio Maria... Gutierrez, João Baptista Gutierrez, Joao Maria Gutierrez, João Purificação Gutierrez, John Joseph. Guy, Frank Ernest....

H

Haguenauer, Marcel Haig, David

Hale, Bertram Charles

Hale, William Eric

Engr., Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. Sub-Accountant, Nederlandsche Handel

Maatschappy..........

Agent, Nederlandsche Handel Maats-

chappy....

Chartered Accountant, Lowe, Bingham

& Matthews,

Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard, Master Mariner, HK. Whampoa Dock

Co.,

Accountant, Thoresen & Co.,

Assistant Wharf Manager, Holt's Wharf,

Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co.,. Dealer in Ore and Metal,.

Clerk, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C.,.............. Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Manager, Robert Dollar Co.,

Principal, Basto & Co.,

Assistant, China Provident Loan

&

Mortgage Co., Ld.,.....

....

Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld.,. Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Clerk, W. A. Hannibal & Co., Bookkeeper, H. M. H. Nemazee,. Clerk, W. A. Hannibal & Co.,...... Bookkeeper, The Bank Line, Ld., Tailor, Hawthrone & Pearson,

Assistant, Ullmann & Co.,

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Assistant, Thos. Cook & Son,

Acting Local Manager, Liverpool

London & Globe Ince. Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

Merchant, T. E. Griffith, Ld.,...

Architect, Abdoolrahim & Co.,

Baroon Buildings, 2nd Floor

Kowloon.

11 to 14 Shaukiwan Road. Hongkong Club.

29 Morrison Hill Road. 7 Prat Avenue, Kowloon. King Edward Hotel. Quarry Bay. Kowloon Dock. Hongkong Club. 57 The Peak. 8 Mountain View. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay. Ewo Mess.

On premises.

On premises.

3 Queen's Road Central. Quarry Bay.

Kowloon Docks.

5 Victory Avenue, Ho Mun Tin, Windsor Lodge, Austin Avenue,

Kowloon.

The Den, Castle Steps.

50A Whitfield Street.

6 Caine Road.

1 Wood Road.

21 Humphreys Building, Kowloon Woodberry, 4 Hankow Road, K'lcor.

7 Ashley Road, Kowloon. Union Building. Kowloon. On premises. 1 Mosque Street. 9 Mosque Street. 13 Mosque Street. 17 Robinson Road. 2 Ice House Street.

Hall, David................

Hall, Robert John

Hall, William

Ham, Charles Rutherford Chun Assistant, S. T. Williamson

Hamid, Sheik Abdul

Hamilton, Alexander............. Hamilton, James Baxter Hammes, Constantine John Hammond, Clark

Hammond, Herbert William... Hancox, Mowbray Arthr Hand, John, Jr.,.... Hand, Suyle

&

Queen's Road Central..

Quarry Bay.

38 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

Lauriston,

Quarters at B. & S. Office.

168 The Peak.

On premises.

9 Stanley Street

Assistant, Admiral Line Pacific S.S. Co., 14 Koonina Terrace, Wong-nei-

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Draughtsman, HK. Whampoa Dock Co... Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Auditor, American Express Co.,...... Traffic Inspector, HK. Tramway Co., Ld., Wharfiuger, Holt's Wharf,

Sawmill Clerk, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Bookseller, Kelly Sayer,

chong. Quarry Bay. Kowloon Docks.

2 Humphreys Flats, Kowloon. On premises.

12 Wong-nei-chong Road. Holt's Wharf, Kowloon. Kowloon,

14 Beaconsfield Arcade.

:

NAME IN FULL.

31

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

H-Continued.

Hannibal, Walter Albert Hansen, James Ernest Hardwick, William Harper, Noel Adair Harriman, Gilbert A. Harrington, John Joseph Harris, Edward

Harris, John Walter... Harrison, Cyril George Harrison, Frank Seymour

Harteam, Hasim.. Hartley, Thomas William. Harvey, David

Haskell, David Haslam, Gordon........

Haslett, William Benjamin Hassan, Dollot

Hatch, Henry Hatt, Charles Hausmann, Emile Haverkamp, Jan Pieter.. Hawker, Walter John Hawthorne, Frank Ernest.. Hazel, David

Hazeland, Ernest Manning Hedley, William.. Hee Tai-chau

Hegarty, Herbert George Hellstrom, Bertram

Henderson, Archibald Kerr Henderson, Charles Ernest Henderson, George Henderson, James Henderson, James William Henderson, John Henderson, John Melville Henderson, Maurice James Herbst, Carl Emel Peter Heron, Arthur William

Herridge, Frank Gordon Hersoe, Alfred Stanley Hervy, Raymond Ambroise Hessing, Albert Daniel Hewer, Sidney Hurbert... Hewlitt, Arthur George Hickling, Clement Chinery Hidden, Stanley

Higgins, Frederick Charles Higgins, Lawrence Daniel......

Hill, Thomas William Hill, Walter Joseph

Hillier, Wilfred Samuel.... Hills, Herbert Stuart...

Hirst, William Walter

Hoare, Robert Edward

Hoather, Ernest Ho Chung-chow Ho Chung-ting Ho Kwong Ho Leung Ho Shai-wa

Ho Shun

Ho Tung-shun Ho Wing...

Merchant, W. A. Hannibal & Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Timekeeper, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,. Assistant, Donnelly & Whyte,

Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,.

Machanic, HK. Hotel Garage,

8A Des Voeux Road Central. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay.

Ou premises.

4 Broadwood Terrace.

Quarry Bay.

Hongkong Hotel.

Storekeeper, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,... Kowloon Docks.

Assistant, S. Moutrie & Co., Insurance Manager, South British

Insurance Co., La.,

Clerk, International Bank, Engineer, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Marine Engineer, United Asbestos

Oriental Agency,

Merchant, D. Haskell & Co., Brunner, Mond & Co., (( hina) Ld., Draughtsman, W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld Assistant, H. Wicking & Co.,............. Engineer, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Tel. Engineer, China Japan Tel. Co.,...... Managing Partner, Hausmann, Kern & Co., Assistant, Transmarina Trading Co.,...... Secretary, HK. Hotel Co., Ld., Master Tailor,

á Victoria View, Kowloon.

Prince's Building.

13 Fung Wong Terrace. Kowloon Docks.

38A Nathan Road, Kowloon. Ice House Street. Ou premises. Durbar House. 121 Praya East.

9 Ying Wah Terrace, West Point. 45 Haiphong Road, Kowloon. On premises. York Building. Peak Hotel.

2 Ice House Street.

Butcher, Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., Ld., | 284 Nathan Road, Kowloon. Architect,

Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Cashier, Pacific Trading Co., Assistant, HK. & S'bai Bank, Assistant, Gilman & Co., Ld.,............ Chief Asst. Engr., HK. Tramway Co., Ld., Assistant, HK. & Shanghai Bank, Shipwright, HK, Whampoa Dock Co.,... Engr., Green Island Cement Co., Ld., Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Lane, Crawford & Co.,................. Clerk, Canadian Pacific S.S. Co., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Clerk, Holt's Wharf,

Wharfinger, HK. & K'loon W. & G.

Co., Lư..

Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co., Assistant, D. Sassoon & Co.,

Chief Acet., Banque de l'Indo-Chine,. Acct., Netherlands I. Com'ecial Bank,.. Manager, Peak Hotel,

Architect,

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

Assistant, John Manners & Co.,... Tailor Cutter, J. T. Shaw,

Freight & Passenger Agent, Pacific Mail

S.S. Co.,

Merchant, Bradley & Co.,

Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Broker, Layton & Co.,

Engineer, Steam Laundry Co., Ld., Engineer, HK, Whampoa Dock Co., Assistant, Moutrie & Co., Clerk, International Bank,

Treas., The Hon Shing Mercantile Co.,... Compradore, E. D. Sassoon & Co.,..... Compradore, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Assistant, HK, Mercantile Co., Ld., Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,...... Compradore, HK. & S'hai Bank,

33 Queen's Road Central. Kowloon Docks.

9 Bonham Road,

Ou premises.

SA Des Voeux Road Central. 1 Russell St. On premises. Kowloon Docks.

5 Nathan Road. Kowloon. On premises.

On premises.

4 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon. 1 Knutsford Hotel, Kowloon. 14a Orient Building, Kowloon.

66 Nathan Road, Kowloon,

5 Aimai Villas, Kowloon. Peak Hotel.

10 Chatham Road, Kowloon. Des Voeux Road Central. Peak Hotel.

22 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 3 Branksome Towers, May Road. 14 Conduit Road.

6 Victoria View, Kowloon.

12в Mody Road, Kowloon.

103 The Peak.

Quarry Bay.

On premises.

Prince's Building.

The Bungalow, S. L. Co., Yaumati. Kowloon Docks.

5 Victoria View, Kowloon. '

6 Staunton Street.

22 Bonham Road.

7 Macdonnell Road.

15 Kennedy Road.

7 Lower Castle Road. 14 Peel Street, 1st floor. 24 Gage Street. 62 Bonham Road.

NAME IN FULL.

H—Continued.

32

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

Ho Wing-cheun Ho Yue-ming Hobbs, Frank Hockey, R. C. B. Hodge, Lewis Edwin... Hodgkins, Norris Lowell Hogen, Eustace Charles Hoggard, Frederick Holland, Adam Morrison Hollands, Henry Ethelbert Holt, Harold Osborne Holum, Lai Shack Hoog, Josephus Johannes

Wierink de Hooper, Joseph Hoos, Willem Jacob Hope, Stewart

Hope, William James Hornell, Edward B. C. Hosie, Edward Lumsden Howard, Edward Howard, Henry John Howard, William James Howarth, Abraham Howell, Charles Lloyd Hoy, Alfred William John

Hoyem, Ola John Marius

Hoyle, William Frederick...... Hudson, Frederick Arthur

Hughes, George Victor.... Hughes, Henry Owen Hughes, Joseph Bernard Huisman, Derk Kornelis Humphrey, Sydney Gordon Humphreys, Alfred Humphreys, Ernest Humphreys, John David Humphreys, Sydney

Hung Chak-wa

Hung Hing-fat

Hunt, Herbert James Hunt, W. R.

Hunter, Henry James Huuter, James

Hunter, Reginald Cyril Hunter, Robert

Hurle, Bertram Robert Hutchison, Robert Huysser, Henri

Hyde, Charles Frederick Hyde, James Hyder, Golom... Hyder, William

Hyndman, Alberto Herculano Hyndman, Edgar Oscar Peter Hyndman, Edward R. Hyndman, Henrique Antonio... Hyndman, Henry Hyndman, Luiz Schellas Hyndman, Raphael Emanuel...

On premises. ... On premises.

Compradore, Banque de l'Indo-Chine, Agent, for the Hanyang Iron Works, Assistant, Furness (Far East), Ld., Manager, Brunner, Mond & Co., Ld.,... Manufacturers' Representative, Sub-Accountant, International Bank Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Foreman, Green Island Cement Co., Ld., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Manager, Wm. Powell, Ld.,. Banker, China Specie Bank, Ld.,

Assistant, Holland China Trading Co., ... Acct., HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld.,. Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,. Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.. Secretary, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,. Exchange Broker,.

Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Stenographer, Canadian Pacific S.S. Co.. Engineer, Green Island Cement Co., Ld., Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co............. Engineer, Holt's Wharf,

Building Inspector, Asiatic Petroleum

Co, Ld.,

Storekeeper, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, China Provident Loan & Mort-

gage Co.

.་་

Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co., ..... Assistant, H. Wicking & Co.,.. Manager, Wah Hing & Co.,

23 Kennedy Road. On premises.

14 Conduit Road. Kingsclere.

3 Thorpe Manor, May Road, Deep Water Bay. Quarry Bay. 56 The Peak. Powell's Building. 27 Graham Street.

5 Aimai Villas, Kowloon.

15 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon, 9 Broadwood Road. Quarry Bay. On premises. 111 The Peak. Kowloon Docks. 20 The Peak.

17 Caine Road.

47 Nathan Road, Kowloon. Cement Works.

Kowloon Docks.

Windsor Lodge, Kimberley Road,

Kowloon.

41 Laichikok Road. Quarry Bay.

Seamen's Institute.

7 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 61 The Peak.

76 Des Voeux Road Central.

Sub-Accountant, Netherlands Trading Co., Queen's Road.

Accountant, Getz Bros. & Co.,

Partner, W. G. Humphreys & Co.,. Partner, W. G. Humphreys & Co.... Assistant, J. D. Humphreys & Son, Manager, Tannery, W. G. Humphreys

& Co.,

Head Agent, Western Casualty Co., Ld., Asst. Compradore, HK. & K'loon W. & G.

Co., Ld.,

4 Victoria View, Kowloon. Kingsclere.

Hongkong Club.

Alexandra Building.

Ma Tau Kok Tannery.

|

75, Wahu Street.

2 Prospect Place, Bonham Road, HK.

Engineer, Green Island Cement Co., Ld.,.....| 1B Orient Building, Kowloon.

Assistant, HK. Hotel Co., Li,, Engineer, Bradley & Co., Ld., Fittings Superintendent, HK. & China

Gas Co.,

Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Engineer, Macdonald & Hunter, Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Assistant, Central Agency, Ld., .. Merchant, G. E. Huygen, Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,. Clerk, HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld.,. Chief Assistant, Thos. Cook & Son, Stenographer, Andersen, Meyer & ('o.,

Ld.,

Assistant, W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld., Clerk, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews, Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., . Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld., Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank,

Clerk, Holland Pacific Trading Co., Ld., Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld.,

Hongkong Hotel.

King Edward Hotel.

3 Basilea Terrace.

On premises.

12 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

8B Orient Buildings, Kowloon.

1 Canton Villas, Kowloon.

8 Mody Road, Kowloon, Ou premises.

3 Kimberley Villas, Kowloon. 18 Des Voeux Road Central.

2 Morrison Hill Road.

15 Orient Building, Kowloon. 3 Queen's Road Central. Hongkong Office.

45 Moshin Building, Kowloon. On premises.

1 Granville Road.

14 Barrow Terrace, Kowloon.

33

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

Ildefonso, Lucio R. Ip Lan-chuen Ip Pun

Ireland, Herbert Upshan. Ireland, William........ Ismail, Sheik Dawood Ismail, Sheik Ebrahim

Ismail, Sheik Hassan... Ismail, Sheik Rumjahn Israel, Bernard Jan

Iu Tak-cheung

Clerk, American Express Co.,... Secy., Chinese Chamber of Commerce, Manager, J. Gibbs & Co., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Andersen, Meyer & Co., Ld., Merch't, HK, Import & China Produce Co., Clerk, International Bank,

Assist., HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld., Assistant, Netherlands India Commercial

Bank,

Civil Engineer, J. Caer Clark,

On premises.

45 Bonham Road. 11 Gresson Street, Hongkong Club. Quarry Ray.

12 Leighton Hill Road, 41 Wongneichong Road, 12 Leighton Hill Road. 12 Leighton Hill Road.

1 Canton Villas, Kowloon.

14 Queen's Road Central.

J

Jack, James McKenzie

Jack, James

Jack, Lawrence

Jacobs, Albert M.

James, Alexander Lam

James, Frederick

James, Frederick William..

Jat, Min-tan.

Engineer, W. C. Jack & Co., Ld.,

|1 Observatory Villas, Kowloon.

Account., Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., Ld., Palace Hotel, Kowloon.

Clerk, Wm. C. Jack & Co.....

General Manager, Davis Co., Ld., Assistant, Java-China-Japan-Lijn,....... Inspector, Peak Tramway Co., Ld., Supt. Engineer, Butterfield & Swire Assistant, Davis & Co., Ld.,

Jeuner, Frederick James Henry| Yard Boatswain, HK. Whampoa Dock

Jenning, Thomas

Jennings, Percival John Jessop, Herbert Jex, Starling Joanillo, Antonio

Jcanilho, Faustino Anastasio... Johnson, Harry Johnson, John

Johnson, Leicester Grafton ... Johuson, Marcus Theodore Johnson, Maurice Alfred Johnson, Sidney Leo Johnston, William Murray

Johnstone, Alan Colville Johnstone, James Johnstone, James Robert Jones, Harold Arthur Jones, Thomas Everitt

Jones, Victor Reginald Jopiah, Wilkinson William Jordain, Samuel Johnson Jorge, Francisco José Vicente Jorge, Gustavo C. Jorge, Hector Telles Joseph, Edward Menashib Joseph, Felix Alexander Joseph, S.

Joseph, Walter Gordon,... Joseph, William Lee Joyner, James Noah

Judah, Frederick Ralph.. Judah, James Jacob Judah, Raphael Solomon Juman, Sheik Jun Kee-choy

June, James Kim Fook. Juster, Andrew William

Co.,

A

Manager, Machinery, North West Trading

Co., Lư,

Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard, Engineer, Green Island Cement Co., Ld., Assistant, Union Trading Co., Ld., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Accountant, Robert Dollar Co., Telephone Engr., C. & J. Telephone Co., Storekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, South British Ince. Co., Ltd..... Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co., Engineer, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,

Head Timekeeper, HK. Whampoa Dock

Co.,

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Mercantile Asst., Dodwell & Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Shewan Tomes & Co.,

Manager, S. Moutrie & Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Assistant, HK. & Shanghai Bank, Overseer, HK. Land Investment Co., Ld., Secretary, Lane, Crawford Ld, Merchant, Frank J. V. Jorge & Co., Assistant, Win. Meyerink & Co., Assistant, Union Trading Co., Ld.,. Merchant, Joseph Brothers, Broker, F. A. Joseph,

Assistant Manager, Getz Bros., Manager, J. R. Michael & Co., Assistant, Java-China-Japan-Liju, Assistant Manager, British American

Tobacco Co.,

Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Assistant, D. S. Gubbay,.................. Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co., Assistant, HIK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld., Vice-President, Industrial & Commercial

Bank, Ld.,

1 Canton Villas, Kowloon.

3 Robinson Road.

124 Nathan Road, Kowloon, Peak Tramway.

125 The Peak.

3 Caine Road.

Kowloon Docks.

Union Building. Quarry Bay. Hok Un Works. On premises.

129 Wauchai Road. 14 St. Francis Yard. 29 Morrison Hill Road. Quarry Bay.

Prince's Building.

22 Des Voeux Road Central. 153 Wanchai Road. West Point Installation.

Kowloon Docks.

Cheriton, Minden Row, Kowloon.. 4 Minden Row, Kowloon. 4 Minden Road, Kowloon.

2 Argyle Street, Homuntin. On premises.

On premises.

24 Praya East.

On premises.

6 Leung Fee Terrace.

3 Saifee Terrace, Kowloon,

On premises.

Hongkong Hotel.

39 Conduit Road. King Edward Hotel. 4 Century Crescent. 9c Caine Road.

Hongkong Hotel.

6 Lyeemoon Villas, Kowloon. Hongkong Hotel.

22 Des Voeux Road Central. 43 Sharp Street.

15 Shelley Street.

Assistant, HK. &K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld., 2 & 3 Ashley Road, Kowloon,

Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,..

Quarry Bay.

NAME IN FULL.

34

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

K

Kailey, William

Kam Fat-lay

Kan Ho-ching Kan Tung-po

Kaspersen, Henry Olsen Kay, George Albert Lloyd

Kave, John Maillord Keating, Thomas Francis Keith, Allan Keith, David

Keith, James Smith Kemp, George Henry Keng Ti-yap... Kennedy, Arthur Cecil

Kennedy, Fred. Kennedy, Frederick Kennett, Alfred Charles Kennett, Henry William Bul-

iner ...

Kent, Herbert Wade Kerley, Victor George

Kern, Ernest

Kerr, William.....

Kew, Arthur James Kew, C. .....

Kew, Charles Herbert Whiteley Kew, Joseph Whiteley Kewley, Rigby Henry Parry...

Key, M. F................... Khan, Abbas Khan, Juman

Kharas, Dinshaw Kavasji King, Marion Bailey.... Kinghorn, John Richard Kinnaird, John Daniel Kinnear, William George

Winchester Kinross, Andrew Robert Kinsen, L.

Kirwood, Walter Gerard

Kishi, Masasuke.............. Kitchell, Omar Knight, John S. Knight, Percy Lister.. Knight, Thomas Leonard Ko Yau-cheong ... Koch, Harry Jefferson Kochler, Carl Edward Komor, Henry Solan Komor, Siegfried Kong Ho-cheong Koozeman, Johannes Leendert Korwin, Alexander Koudoh, S.

Kranen, John Nicolas George

Van Jaack

Krimpen, Cornelis Rocland van Kwok Hin-wang

Kwok, Peter Kingston Kwok Woon-chi.......... Kwong Loong

Kylling, William Henry

Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,

Chief Accountant, Chinese Merchants

Bank, Ld.

Shipping Clerk, Robert Dollar & Co., Banker, Bank of East Asia, Ld.,

·

Merchant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Wharfinger, HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co.,

Ld.,

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Secretary, Shewan Tomes & Co., Supt. Shipwright, HK. Whampoa Dock

Co., Carpenter, K. Whampoa Dock Co.,.... Assistant, Thos. Cook & Son,.............. Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld., Assistant Marine Superintendent, Indo

China S. N. Co.,

Head Clerk, P. & O. Banking Corp., Ld., Clerk, Russo-Asiatic Bank,. Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,..

Asst., British Borneo Timber Co., Ld., ... Shipping Manager, Butterfield & Swire, . Electrical Engineer, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Principal, Ernest Kern & Co.,..... Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,.... Salesman, Andersen, Meyer & Co., Ld.,... Stenographer, American Express Co.,... Managing Director, Rudolf Wolff & Kew,. Engineer,

Insurance Manager, Liverpool & London

& Globe Insurance Co., Ld........................... Assistant, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews, . Assistant, Arculli & Sons,

Assistant, HK. & K. W. & G. Co., Ld.,... Cafe Secretary, Lane. Crawford & Co.,... Secretary, Dragon Motor Car Co., Ld., Asst. Supt. Engr., Butterfield & Swire,... Manager, Davie Boag Co., Ld.,

Clerk, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Shipbuilder, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., ... Vice President & Treasurer, Canadian

Trading Co.,

Exch. Manager, Chinese Merchants Bank

Ld.,

Manager, Bank of Taiwan Share Broker,

Freight Clerk, Toyo Kisen Kaisha, Chief Asst., Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co., Shipping Dept., American Express Co.,... Assistant, Reiss & Co.,......

Bill Clerk, Asia Banking Corporation, Civil Engr., Swedish Trading Co., Ld.,... Merchant, Komor & Komor, Merchant, Komor & Komor, Assistant, General Commercial Co., Ld., Shipping Clerk, Java-China-Japan-Lijn, Sub-Manager, Banque de l'Indo Chine,... Manager, Bank of Taiwan,

Assistant, Holland Pacific Trading Co.,... Assistant, Transmarina Trading Co., Compradore, Liverpool & London & Globe

Insurance Co., Ld., Merchant, Bank of East Asia, Ld., Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co.,...... Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,

|

Laichikok.

16 Mosque Street. 65 Stone Nullah Lane.

3 Leung Fee Terrace.

Hngkong Club.

40A Nathan Road, Kowloon. Peak Hotel.

Laichikok Installation.

Monks, Severn Road, The Peak.

Kowloon Docks. Kowloon Docks.

Wyndham Hotel.

Chinese Y.M.C.A., Bridges Street.

Knutsford Hotel, Kowloon.

St. Joseph's Building, Robinson Rd. St. Joseph's Building. On premises.

St. George's Building. 76 The Peak.

13c Macdonnell Road. Station Hotel, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

S Lower Castle Road. On premises. 8 Castle Road.

13 Wongueichong Road.

Hongkong Hotel.

3 Queen's Road Central. 6 Austin Road.

32 Shanghai Street, Kowloon. On premises.

58B Nathan Road, Kowloon. 4 Lyttelton Road.

HK. & Shanghai Bank Building.

Empress Lodge, Kowloon, Kowloon Docks.

33 Queen's Road Central.

Kingsclere.

19 Conduit Road.

34 Leighton Hill Road. King's Building.

22 Des Voeux Road Central. On premises.

21A High Street.

147 Barker Road, The Peak. 37 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. Koom Ma Terrace, Happy Valley. Koom Ma Terrace, Happy Valley. 18 Jubilee Street.

3 Hart Avenue, Kowloon. Chater Road.

31 Conduit Road.

14 Macdonnell Road. Peak Hotel.

36 Peel Street.

7 Arbuthnot Road. Union Building. On premises.

192 Portland Street, Yaumati.

KA -

35

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

L

Labrum, Victor Charles.. Labussiere, Herve

Lafleur, Franciscus Hubertus

Joseph Alphonsus

Lai Im-tong

Lai Shui-ning Laing, John

Lake, Percy Morris Brooke Lam Chi-lok

Lam Chun-shang

Lam Hew-cho...

Lam Hing-sang

Lam, James Alexander Lam Kwong-sik

Lam Tit-hong

Lamarche, Henry Pinkney Lamb, Francis Robert Lamb, Harry James

Lambert, Bernard Cattley Lammert, Edwin George. Lammert, Frank................... Lammert, Lionel Eugene Landolt, Joseph Savage.... Lanepart, Herbert Edward Lang, L. V.

Langston, Arthur Golden Lap Chiu-chan Lapsley, Robert Large, Milford Henry Larsen, Charles Martin Larssen, Karsten

Lau, G. B.

Lau Hey-shing Lau Kin-fan

Lan Kwai-cheuk

Lau, S. W.

Lau Shiu-chuen Lau Sin-meng. Laugier, Louis

Laurel, Francisco Lauritsen, Christen Law, John Baptist Lawrence, Frank Edward Lawrence, George Alfred Lawrence, John Henry Lawson, William Graham.. Lay, Alexander Hyde Layton, Geoffrey Bendyshe Lazarus, N......

Leach, Arthur Lee, Chinfen Lee Fat-cheung

Lee, George Lee Hon-cho

Lee, James

Lee-James, Reginald Wynne.

Lee, Ralph William

Lee, Rodney

Lee Wan-kum..

Lee Yat-choi

Lees, Egbert Anthony

Printer, 29 Wyndham Street, Clerk, Messageries Maritimes,.

Salesman, Holland China Trading Co., ... Asst.. Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Assistant, W. L. Weaser, Architect, Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Marine Supt., Indo China S. N. Co., Assistant, Donnelly & Whyte, Salesman, Alex. Ross & Co., Assistant, Union Trading Co., Ld, Asst, Union Ince. Socty, of Canton; Ld., Asst. Accountant, Java-China-Japan Lijn, Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co., Chief Clerk, Sun Life Ince. Co.,........... Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

Manager, Arthur & Co,

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,....

|

22A Nathan Road, Kowloon. 4 The Albany.

1 Saifee Terrace, Kowloon. Union Building.

39 Upper Lascar Row. Quarry Bay.

Peak Hotel.

2 Gutzlaff Street. 17 Landale Street.

On premises.

Union Building.

124 Nathan Road, Kowloon. Ou premi-es.

12 Anton Street, 1st Floor.

14A Macdonnell Road.

On premises.

16A Macdonuell Road. On premises.

Asst., Uniou Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Union Building.

Assistant, Lammert Bros.,

Assistant, Lanmert Bros.,

Durbar House, Kowloon. 7 Broadwood Ridge.

Stenographer, Canadian Pacific S. S. Ld., | 11B Orient Building, Kowloon.

Clerk, HK. Hotel Co., Ld., Director, Arnold Bros. Co., Ld.,

Electrical Engineer, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Accountant, Texas Co.,

Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,... Salesman, Hongkong Hotel Co., Ld.,. Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,............. Managing Director, Larssen & Co., Sub-Accountant, Bank of Canton, Ld., Cashier, Chinese Merchants Bank, Ld.,. Compradore, Connell Bros. Co., Chief Manager, Chinese Merchants

Bank, Ld.,

Accountant, Connell Bros. Co., Signs per. pro. Hongkong Trading Co.,... Assistant, John Manners & Co., Manager, Franco-Chinese Trading Co.,

Ld.,

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. Managing Director, Dragon Motor Car Co., Clerk, Lloyd's Register,

Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld., Manager, S.W. Factory, A:S. Watson & Co., Storekeeper, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., ... Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Manufacturers Representative,. Broker, Layton & Co.,..... Principal, N. Lazarus,

Chief Accountant, Vacuum Oil Co., Assistant, HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld., Managing Director, The Hon Shing Mer-

cantile Co.,....

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., ... Assistant Compradore, China Mining &

Metal Co.,

Assistant, Admiral Line, Assistant, China Provident Loan &

Mortgage Co., Ld.,....

Sugar Boiler, China Sugar Refining Co.,

Ld.,

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Secretary, A. B. Moulder & Co., Ld.,........ Manager, S. C. Lay & Co.,

Soldiers' & Sailors' Home. Mount Davis, Pokfulam.

Quarters, North Point Station. 12 On Lan Street. Kowloon Docks.

39 Nathan Road, Kowloon. Laichikok.

7 Queen's Gardens.

30 Leighton Hill Road. 60 Kennedy Road. 16 Bonham Road.

59 Caine Road.

17 Luen Fat Street, Wanchai. On premises.

On premises..

21 Leighton Hill Road. 5 Blue Building. Hongkong Hotel.

72 Des Vœux Road Central, Soda Water Factory, North Point. Soda Water Factory, North Point, Kowloon Docks.

West Point.

King Edward Hotel.

100 The Peak.

28 Queen's Road.

35 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. | 93 High Street.

2 Leung Fee Terrace.

1 Ashley Road, Kowloon.

25 Wing Woo Street. 55 Queen's Road East.

Peak Hotel.

East Point Terrace.

5 Gordon Terrace. Kowloon. 48 Hollywood Road. 12 St. Francis Yard.

Asst., Union Ince. Socty, of Canton, Ld., Union Building.

36

ADDRESS.

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION,

L-Continued.

Leeuw, Leonard de

Lei Ping alias Lei Sui-kam Leitch, Thomas Martin Leite, L. A. P.

Leon, Arthur

Leon, Cezar Augusto Leong, Ernest..

Leung Che-yin

Leung Cheuk-pan

Leung Chi-ling Leung Chi-ping Leung, Henry Gutrie. Leung Ho-tat Leung Ngan-wan

Leung Po-shan

Leung Pui-yim i ung Tsai

Leung Yan-chcong. Levy, Silas Simon

Lewis, Archibald Harry Lewis, Edward Weston.

Li Chiu-lung

Li Hoi-trung

Li Jow-son

Li Koon-ehun

Li Tse-fong

Li Tung

Li Wai-ching

Liang Shu-tung

Liang, W. Paul

Liddell, Thomas William Lightburn, Walter Bolton......

Lillierap, Samuel

Lin Yu-min......

Linninnen, Frederick Ling Hoi-ok

Littlejohn, Norman Kemp.. Lin Chung-hung..

Lloyd, Robert...

Lo Chung-wan

Lo Kai-hong

Lo Po-iyn

Lo Suen-wing

Logan, Donald Clement. Loire, Andre Amedee... Lok, L. C.

Longfield, Stuart

Look Man-lan...............

Look Poon-shan..

Lopes, Arthur dos Anjos Lopes, Dellano Pedro Jesus.... Lopes, José Maria de Jesus Lopes, Lucas Lindouro ... Lopes, Secondino Antonio.. Lo Tsun-wing... Louey Po-sang Loureiro, Francisco José

Silva de

Loureiro, Francisco Alpoin

Silva de

I ow, Harry..

Lowrie, John

Loy Chang... Luby, James Francis

Lucey, Ambrose Noel

Shipping Clerk, Java-China-Japan Lijn,. Wing Tai, Contractor, 10 High Street, Assistant, HK. & Shanghai Bank............................ Asst., Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., Ld.,

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Clerk, International Banking Corporation, Clerk, Pacific Mail S.S. Co., Compradore, China Mining Metal Co., Ld., Freight Clerk, Pacific Mail S. S. Co.,...... Compradore. Canadian Trading Co.,.. Compradore, North West Trading Co., Asst., Compradore, Connell Bros. Co., Assistant, Banker & Co., Ld.,.. Clerk, Lane, Crawford & Co.,.... Clerk, China Overseas Trading Co., Manager, Banker & Co., Ld., ...

52 Nathan Road, Kowloon,

68 Boubam Road. On premises.

39 Tavri Building. Nathan Road,

Kowloon. Quarry Bay. On premises.

2 Breezy Terrace. 10 Yiu Wah Street. 24 Lun Fat Street. 56A Peel Street.

33 Queen's Road Central. Union Building.

27 Old Bailey Street, Top Floor. 14 Victoria Street, 2nd Floor. On premises.

173 Queen's Road East.

49 Graham Street.

Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, L., | Union Building, Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld...................... Mechanic, Taikoo Dockyard.

Electrical Engineer, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co.,... Managing Director, Banker & Co., Ld.,... Chairman, A. B. Moulder & 4 0., Ld., Merchant, Bauk of East Asia, Ld.,. Banke, Bank of East Asia, Ld., Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld.,... Assistant Manager, Bank of China, Ld., Treasurer, Pacific Trading Co., President & Manager,Canadian TradingCo. Assistant, HK. & Shanghai Bank,....... Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., North

Point.

Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, ... Assistant, Raven & Basto,

Assistant, Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., Ld., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Civil Engineer, Leigh & Orange, Secretary, Bank of Cantou, Là...................... Chief Engineer, Green Island Cement

Co., L.,

Compradore, Nederlandsche Handel

Maatschappy,

Cashier, HK. C. & M. Steamboat Co., Ld.,.¦ Business Manager, Bank of China, Ld.,... Compradore, Hausmann, Kern & Co.,..... Assistant, Reiss & Co.,.

Asst. Import & Export, Lapicque & Co., Assistant, Donnelly & Whyte, Electrical Engineer, Electric Co., Ld...................... Asst. Secretary, Bank of Canton, Ld., Chief Manager, Bank of Canton, Ld.,.............. Shipping Clerk, Bank Line, Ld.,.. Broker, P. M. N. da Silva, Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Clerk, Electric Co., Ld.,

Clerk, HK. Tramway Co., Ld.,

Compradore, Gerin, Drevard & Co., Compradore, Struthers & Barry,.

|

25 Cameron Road, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

Quarters Wanchai Station. On premises.

2 Babington Path.

41 Austin Road, Kewloon, 81 Wing Lok Street. 9 Seymour Road. Union Building.

3 Ying Wah Terrace, West Point, On premises.

9a Orient Building, Kowloon. On premises.

North Point Installation. Quarry Bay.

1 Tramway Path.

Sailors' Home, West Point. 19 Cochrane Street. Peak Hotel.

303 Des Voeux Road Central.

10A Mody Road, Kowloon.

Netherlands Trading Society. 9 Chancery Lane. 4 Seymour Road. 1 Po Wah Street. Kingsclere.

18 Conduit Road. 2 Gutzlaff Street. 86 Bonham Road.

6 Western Terrace, Caine Road. 6 Western Terrace, Caine Road.

7 Orient Building, Kowloon.

9 Hart Avenue, Kowloon.

9 Hankow Road, Kowloon.

5 Ashley Terrace, Kowloon.

23 Belilios Terrace.

4 Po Wah Street.

:

287 Des Voeux Road Central, HK.

Bookkeeper, HK. Steel Foundry Co., Ld., 5 Cambay Building, Kowloon.

Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Director, Franco-Chinese Trading Co.,Ld., Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co., Assistant Manager, Bank of China, Ld., Asst., Canadian Pacific Steamships, L.,... Civil Engineer, HK. Electric Co., Ld.,

On premises. 74 Hollywood Road. On premises.

Homeville, Wanchai Road. 22 Ashley Road, Kowloon. 175 The Peak.

i

al

;

2

?

37

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

L--Continued.

Ludin, Gunnar Lui Chung-sun Lunny, James Francis Luttrell, John Alexander Luz, Arthur Francisco da Luz, Francisco José da Luz, Frederico Gustavo de Luz, Henrique Francisco da ... Luz, José Maria Lourdes da.....] Luz, José Maria de Lourdes... Luz, Stephanio Epifanio da

Lyle, David..... Lynott, George Herring Lyon, D.

Lyon, J. G.

Ma Shui-tsun

Ma Wai-luen

Ma Wai-man

M

Maas, Martin Mortimore Mabey, Herbert Aubrey MacArthur, Neil.............. Macaskill, Kenneth Roderick MacCrae, Donald Macdonald, A.

Manager, A. B. Swedish Trading Co., Assistant, J. M. Alves & Co.,....... Engineer, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Wharfinger, Holts Wharf, Assistant, Arnold Bros. & Co., Ld., Assistant, Union Trading Co., Ld.,........ Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,.. Book-keeper, Mayer & Co., Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Assistant Book-keeper, Jardine, Matheson

& Co., Ld.,

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Attorney, Davis & Co.,

...

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,

Asst. Mgr., China Overseas Trading Co., Secretary, A. B. Moulder & Co., Ld.,. Insurance Agent, Sun Life Ince. Co.,. Merchant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Engineer,, Taikoo Sugar Refinery Assistant Jardiue, Matheson & Co., Ld., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Engineer, Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., La., Asst. Supt., Engineer I. C. S. N. Co., Ld., Engr., Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., Ld., Assistant, Gibb Livingston & Co., L.,... Timekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Standard Oil Co................ Assistant, Reiss & Co.,

Macdonald, James Robert Macdougall, Robert Ernest Macfarlane, Alexander Macfarlane, William Macfarlane, William Machado, Francisco Antonio Mackay, Charles Mackenzie, Alexander Mackenzie, Alexander Kenneth; Mackenzie, Allan

Clerk, Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., Ld., Mackenzie, harles William... Driver, Taikoo Dockyard, Mackenzie. David Mackenzie, William Watson Mackichan, Alexander

Somerled....... Mackinnon, Thomas Buchanan Mackintosh. David Mackintosh, David... Mackintosh, Frederick Alex-

ander Maclachlan, James MacReynolds, Thomas

Naughton

Madden, George Hallatt Maher, Antonio

Maher, Antonio Paulo

Mahomed, Moosa

Mai, T. H.

Mair, Andrew..

Major, Eric William Mak Kam-yuk Mak Wah San Makeham, Charles... Maltby, Cyril Fort... Manners, John Manning, Ernest...

...

Engr., HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Id.,

Civil Engineer, Leigh & Orange, Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,...... Overseer, Taikoo, Sugar Refinery Co., Ld. Overseer, Butterfield & Swire,

Manager, Macintosh & Co., Ld., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Accountant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Tugmaster, Taikoo Dockyard. Storekeeper, HK, Whampoa Dock Co.,... Works Foreman, HK. Electric Co., Li..... Assistant, Douglas S.S. Co.,

Manager, Industrial & Commercial Bank, Shipbuilder, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Assistant, Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., Clerk, International Bank. Assistant, P. M. Pinguet & Co., Asst., Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., Ld., Sub-Acct., Chartered Bank of I. A. &. C., Merchant, John Manners & Co., Assistant, J. D. Hutchison & Co.,.

Hongkong Club,

16 Lyndhurst Terrace, 1st & 2nd floors 50A Whitfield Street.

Holts Wharf, Kowloon.

55 Wyndham Street.

On premises.

2 Peace Avenue, Homuntiu. 16 Macdonnell Road, Hongkong. On premises.

4 Saifee Terrace. Kowloon.

On premises. Quarry Bay. Repulse Bay Hotel.

6 Cox's Path, Kowloon. Ewo Mess, The Peak.

64 Caine Road,

6 Morrison Hill Road. 42 Yiu Wah Street. 1 Mountain View. On premises. Quarry Bay. Kowloon Docks. Quarry Bay. On premises.

1 Connaught Rond Central, 74 The Peak.

East Point Ice Works, Station Hotel, Kowloon.

2 Armand Buildings, Kowloon. 2 Ashley Terrace, 2nd floor, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

4 Carnarvon Building.

154 The Peak.

29 Canton Road, 2nd floor, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

¦ 10 Middle Road, Kowloon, | 154 The Peak.

102 The Peak. Kowloon Docks. Quarry Bay.

2 Stanley Terrace, Quarry Bay.

93 The Peak. Quarry Bay.

18 Broadwood Road, Quarry Bay. Kowloon Docks. 13 Sau Wa Fong.

28 Leighton Hill Road. 52A Caine Rond. Kowloon Docks. Wyndham Hotel.

29 Second Street, Top floor. 30 Bonham Road.

Dairy Farm, Pokfulam.

Bank Mess. 3 Queen's Road Central. 7 Queen's Road Central.

23 Bonham Road.

38

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

M-Continued.

Mansfield, William Robert de Courcy Stanley .....

Manton, Alfred Joseph....

Manuk, Malcolm

Marçal, Henrique Oscar......

Marcel, Charles Patrick....... March, Walter Seymour Mark, Charles Vernon Markar, Cassim Gaful Marks, Pieter

Marques, Carlos Evaristo Marques, Francisco Luiz Marques, José Daniel Marsh, Francis Richard. Marshall, Alexander G. Marshall, James Grap Marshall, Walter Leonard Marteam, Hasim...... Martin, Alfred John James Martin, Thomas Archdale........ Martinez, O. D.

Mason, Cecil Charles Withea Mason, K. A...... Mason, Valentine Atherton Matcham, George Daniel Matchin, William James Matheson, Herbert William Matheson, Robert Mathias, Alfonso Crescencio... Mathias, Claudio Mathieson, Neil

Matteson, Ernest Leroy Matthews, Charles Buchan Matthews, Thomas Mattos, José de Oliviera Maurice, M. S. Maurin, Louis Joseph Mavor, Albert John Maxwell, Herbert

Maxwell, John Jex ́ May, Herbert

་་་

May, George Thomas Mayer, Oscar M. .... Mayes, Stanley Morris

Mayger, William McBride, John Murray

McCann, John Smith.................... McCarty, Albert Edward McCormack, John McCubbin, John McCubbin, John McDonell, Alister K. McFerran, David McGrath, Edmund.. McGregor, Robert McHutchon, James Maitland... McIntosh, James Stuart McIntyre, John

McKechnie, Hugh

Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Union Building. Assistant, China Provident Loan & Mort-

gage Co., Ltd.,

Secretary, Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., Ld., Assistant, Netherlands-India Commercial

Bank,

Assistant, Pentreath & Co.......

Asst. Cashier, American Express Co., ... Assistant, Reiss & Co.,

Assistant, Holland-China Trading Co.,... Manager, Netherlands-India Commercial

Bank,

Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,

Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld.,... Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,... Electrical Engineer, HK, Electric Co., Ld., Clerk, Percy Smith, Seth & Fleming, Assistant, Loxley & Co.,................ Attorney, Standard Oil Co., Clerk, International Bank, Accountant, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews, Assistant, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews,... Agent, China Mail S.S. Co., Ltd., Assistant, Thomas Cook & Son, Asst., Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ltd., Assistaut, HK. & S'hai Bank,... Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,................ Engineer, HK, Whampoa Dock Co., Sub-Mgr., Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Share Broker, Vernon & Smyth,. Assistant, Admiral Line Pacific S.S. Co., Asst., HK. Rope Manufacturing Co., Ld., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, General Agent, Admiral Line, Draughtsman, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Asst. Wharfinger, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld........................ Stenographer, American Express Co., Manager, Lapicque & Co., Electrical Engineer, Butterfield & Swire. Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery

Co., Ltd., ..

Asst., HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld.,....... Hongkong Manager, Western Casualty

Co., Lư,

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,. Principal, Mayer & Co.,

Depôt Manag., British-American Tobacco

Co., Ld.,

District Manager, Texas Co.,

Sugar Boiler, China Sugar Refining Co.,

Ltd.,........

Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co., Diver, Taikoo Dockyard,

Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,.. Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Engineer, HK, & China Gas Co., Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld.,..... Engineer, Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., Ld., Tanner, W. G. Humphreys & Co., ........ Secretary, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Draughtsman, HK, Whampoa Dock Co.,. Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, ... Engr., Taikoo Sugar Refinery Co., Ld.,...

¦

F Block 2 R. E. King Edward Hotel.

2 Nanking Street, Kowloon. 7 The Peak. On premises. 167 The Peak. 177 Praya East.

Hongkong Hotel.

16 Ashley Road, Kowloon. On premises.. Kowloon Docks. 81 The Peak.

1 Fungsai Terrace, Happy Valley, 1 Fungsai Terrace, Happy Valley. 8 May Road.

13 Fung Wong Terrace. 3 Queen's Road, Central. 3 Queen's Road Central,

29 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 18 Des Voeux Road.

54 Nathan Road, Kowloon. On premises.

Kowloon Docks.

Kowloon Docks. 136 The Peak. On premises.

5 Blue Buildings, Hongkong. 100c Wanchai Road.

4 Thorpe Manor, May Road. 7 Middle Road, Kowloon. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay.

17 Granville Road, Kowloon. On premises.

Blarney Stone, Pokfulum Road, 3 Stanley Terrace, Quarry Bay.

Quarry Bay.

1 Ashley Road, Kowloon.

17, Queen's Road Central. 3B Kennedy Road.

39 Granville Road, Kowloon.

7 Babington Path. Caerleen, Pokfulam Road.

East Point Terrace.

22 Des Voeux Road Central. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay.

Gas Works, Hongkong. Soda Water Factory, North Point. Laichikok Ice Works.

Mau Tau Kok Tannery. Peak Hotel.

2 Thorpe Manor, May Road. Kowloon Docks. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay.

;

39

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

M-Continued.

McKellar, John

McKeller, Robert

McKelvie, John..

McKenzie, Daniel'

McKenzie, William Walker McKirdy, Archibald McLaggan, James Ormiston... McLeod, George... McMurray, David

McNeary, Henry George

James

McNeillie, David McNicoll, Leslie Douglas McPhail, James Wyllie

Robertson

McPherson, J. L.

McTavish, Hector MacEwan

Meager, George James Meek, Thomas

Meek, Thomas

Mehal, Wali Mohammed Meijer, Hermanns Elisa Meijer, Sjouke

Melbye, Alfred Mellis, George

Mendes, Antonio José Nogueira Mendes, Francisco Xavier...... Mendoza, Fortunato Gonzales. Meunier, M. E. Meyer, Joseph George Michael, Sidney.. Millar, Andrew William Millard, Cyril Edwin .... Miller, David Charleton. Miller, Francis Claude Miller, John Finlay Miller, John, Finlay Milles, Herbert Gordon Lennon Millett, Herbert Claude........ Milne, George Willcox Minney, Maurice Miskin, Geoffrey

Mistry, Kharshidgi Dhunjibhoy Mitchell, Eric John Roderick. Mitchell, John

Mitchell, Robert Hay Berry Mockett, Walter James.... Mody, Jehangir Hormisji

Naoroji

Mok Ching-kong Mok Kon-sang

Mok Tat-huen

Mok Ting-fong

Mok Yew-cho..............

Monaghan, Thomas

Montargis, Maurice

Moore, Edward

Moncrieff, Robert Lucian

Sugar Boiler, China Sugar Refining

Co., Ld.,

Sugar Boiler, China Sugar Refining Co., Boilermaker, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,... Assistant, Admiral Line, Assistant, Alex. Ross & Co.,

Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Draughtsman, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,. Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant Indo-China S. N. Co.,

Manager, Hogg, Karanjia & Co., Ld., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Manager, Lever Bros. (China), Ld.,

Assistant. HK. & S'hai Bank, Geueral Secretary, Young Men's Christian

Association,

Asst. Chemist, China Sugar Refining

Co.. Ed.,

Electric Platen, HK. Hotel, Co., Ld., House Manager, HK. Amusements, Ld.,

...:

Jeweller, Falconer & Co., Ld., Clerk, Banque de l'Indo-Chine, Assistant, Holland China Trading Co., Assistant, Handel Maatschappij (Trans-

marina),

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Jeweller, Falconer & Co., Ld., Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,.............. Office Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Accounting Clerk, Pacific Mail S.S. Co.,. Acct., Banque Industrielle de Chine, ...... Assistant, Macintosh & Co., Principal, J. R. Michael & Co., Clerk of Works, Leigh & Orange, Storekeeper, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,... Asst., C'dian Pacific Steamships Ld., Assistant, Caldbeck Macgregor & Co., Engineer, Bradley & Co., Ld., Supt., Engineer Eastern Asbestos Co., Sub-Acct., Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Merchant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Director, Gilman & Co., Ld.,

Secretary, Hogg, Karanjia & Co., Mercantile Assistant, Bradley & Co., Ld., Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Printing Manager, Kelly & Walsh, Ld.,...

Bill & Exchange Broker,

Merchant, Bank of East Asia, Ld., Compradore, Butterfield & Swire,

Merchant, Chau Yue Teng,.....

Compradore, Robert Dollar Co.,

..

East Point Terrace. East Point Terrace. Kowloon Docks. 6 Bridges Street. 16A Macdonnell Road. Quarry Bay. Kowloon Docks. Quarry Bay. 160 The Peak.

1 & 3 Conduit Road.

Quarry Bay.

82 The Peak.

On premises.

Des Voeux Road Central.

East Point Terrace.

Hongkong Hotel.

c/o D. Tollan, Esq., 2 Austin

Avenue, Kowlooù.

Falconer & Co.

36x Shanghai Street, Kowloon. 4 Victoria View, Kowloon,

York Building.

22 Robinson Road. c/o Falconer & Co., Ld. Kowloon Docks, Cosmopolitan Dock. 36 Ice House Street. Queen's Building.

Empress Lodge, Mody Road, K'loon. 4 Century Crescent, 14 Kennedy Rd. 45 Wong-nei-cheong Road. Kowloon Docks.

34 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 15 Queen's Road.

Peak Hotel.

Peak Hotel.

10 Brunksome Towers, May Road.

82 The Peak. Quarry Bay.

10 Middle Road, Kowloon. On premises.

2 Chater Road,

6 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

Kowloon Docks.

1 Moreton Terrace.

Fanling.

20 Shelley Street.

On premises.

5 Stanley Street. 4 Wood Road.

Asst., Union Ince. Soety of Canton, Ld., | Union Building.

Catering Supt., Canadian Pacific S.S., Ld., | 13 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

Assistant, HK. & Shanghai Bank,....

Bill & Bullion Broker,..

Moore, Brinsley Johnde Heez.. Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,

Moors, Leonard Paul Moosdeen, Ebrahim Moosdeen, Emam Ali Moraes, John

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Sub-Manager, Russo-Asiatic Bank,

Assistant, Holland China Trading Co., Bookkeeper, Thoresen & Co.,

Architect, Moraes & Thom,.....

On premises.

7 Peak Road.

20 Arbuthnot Road.

Quarry Bay.

22 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

3 Heard Street.

3 Sing Woo Road, Happy Valley.

1 College View.

.....

:

NAME IN FULL.

40

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

M—Continued.

Morgan, Bernard Donald Crawford......... Morgan, Wlliam Alfred Mori, Kuchi Morley, Walter

Morrison, David Taylor. Morrison, George Morrison, Hugh Alexander Morrison, John Alexander

Duke

Morrison, Kenneth Sinclair Morrison, P.

Mortimore, Albert Alfred Moses, Naphtali Steinberg Mow Fung, Frederick Charles Muir, David

Muir, John Greig Muirhead, John

Mulder, Jan Dirk Frederik

Munton, Douglas William...... Murdoch, Arthur Murer, Fredrik Murphy, Denis Joseph Murphy, Edward Aaron Murray, Grauville.

Murray, Robert Dolman Musitano, Gaetano Archibald Muskett, William Herbert Basil Musso, Salvador..................

N

Naess, Briger Nagel, Lee Orlando Nanderfeen, C. G. Nazariu, Razee Neal, William..

Neave, Etienne Hugh Neave, Thomas

Neeson, William Patrick Negre, Robert

Neild, Frederick....

Neilson, David

Neilson, Donald M.

Nelson, Charles Cowley Nelson, Luther Nemazee, Mohamed Neuson, Clement Charles

Neves, Florindo José...... Newcomb, Dudley De Burgh... Newman, Percy Ingham Ng Keook-hing

Ng Man-hoi

Ng Pak-king

Ng Pak King

Ng Sze-kwong

Nicholls, Robert Edward

Nicholson, Alfred

Nicholson, Donald

Nicol, Alexander

Manager, Carters,

Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Clerk, Osaka Shosen Kaisha, Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld.,. Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,. Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Coal Overseer, Butterfield & Swire,

Assistant, HK. & Shanghai Bank, Merchant, Bradley & Co., Ld.,

1 Queen's Gardens. Kowloon Docks. 18 Macdonnell Road. Humphreys Building, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

Quarry Bay.

3 Fairview, Kowloon.

Ou premises. 149 The Peak.

Powell's Building.

2 Hart Avenue, Prat Bldg., K'loon.

82 Sai Tau, Kowloon City.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., | 13 Stanley Terrace. Accountant, Wm. Powell Ld., Merchant, N. S. Moses & Co., Merchant, Mow Fung & Co.,Ld., Assistant, Gas Co., Fitting Dept., Sugar Refiner Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Manager of Foreign Exchange, Bank of

Canton, Ld.,

Engineer, Shewan, Tomes & Co.,

3 Basilea Terrace. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay.

45 Conduit Road. Hongkong Hotel.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. 73 The Peak. Staff, Thoresen & Co.,................

Assistant, Arnold Bros & Co., Ld., Manager, Palace Hotel, Electrical Engineer,

& C.;

Sub-Acct., Chartered Bank of I. A. Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Assistant, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Engineer, Eastern Asbestos Co........

Assistant, Larsen & Co., Commercial,

...

Asst. Cashier, American Express Co., Bookkeeper, Harry Wicking & Co., Timekeeper, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,... Wharfinger, HK. & K'loon W.&G. Co., Ld.,' Superintendent Engineer, HK.

Whampoa Dock Co.,

Asst. Agent, Pacific Mail S.S. Co., Acting Secretary, Extreme-Orient Trad-

ing Co., Ld,

Assistant Plating Dept., HK. Hotel, Co,

Ld.,

Rivetter, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Boilermaker, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,...! Asst.-Engineer, Taikoo Dockyard,.... Sub-Acct, International Bank, Merchant, H. M. H. Nemazee, Secretary, British American Tobacco Co.,

Ld.,

Asst., Canadian Pacific Steamships, Ld..... Sub-Acct., Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Compradore, W. G. Humphreys & Co,... Clerk, Messageries Maritimes Co., Clerk, South British Insurance Co., Ld.,... Clerk, South British Ince. Co., Ld., Assistant, Mau Hing Cheung,.. Mains Superintendent, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.,

Superintendent, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Assistant, HK. & Shanghai Bank,.. Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refinery,

Nicoll, Thomas Soutar Bisset. Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,..

19 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 1 Basilea Hongkong.

2 Morrison Gap Road.

98 The Peak.

1 Minden Avenue, Kowloon. 20в Nathan Road, Kowloon. 98c Wanchai Road.

29 Morrison Hill Road.

Harting, Austin Road, Kowloon.

6 Morrison Hill Road.

4 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

13 Matheson Street.

Kowloon Docks.

66 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

Kowloon Docks.

6 Humphreys Building, Kowloon,

Repulse Bay Hotel,

Hongkong Hotel. Kowloon Docks. Kowloon Docks. Quarry Bay. Hongkong Club. 5 Conduit Road.

Peak Hotel. 58 Peel Street.

36 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. On premises. On premises.

16 Lan Kwai Fong. Prince's Building. Prince's Building.

8 Queen's Road Central.

Kowloon. Cosmopolitan Docks. On premises. Quarry Bay. On premises.

41

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

N-Continued.

Nightingale, Peter Shore Nikkels, Johan Marie

Engelbertus.....

Nish, Hugh...... Nissim, Archibald Noah, Nathan 0.

Nomers, William Arthur Normington, Fred. Noronha, José Maria.

Noronha, Libanio Joaquim North, Robert Herbert

Norton, Herbert James Bridger

Electrical Engr., HK. Electric Co., L.,... 13c Macdonnell Road.

Chief Accountant, Netherlands-India

Commercial Bank,

Official Measurer,

Broker, Moxon & Taylor,

Manager, Connell Bros. Co.,

Merchant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Engineer, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Secretary, Crédit Foncier d'Extrême-

Orient,...

Assistant, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld.,... Sugar Boiler, China Sugar Refining Co.,Ld., Sub-Manager, HK. Hotel,

4 The Peak.

40 Connaught Road Central. 15 The Peak.

Bank of East Asia Building.

4 Queen's Gardens. 50c, D Whitfield Road.

15 Ashley Road, Kowloon, 27 Shelley Street. East Point Terrace. Hongkong Hotel.

Obrembski, Marian O'Brien, Maurice O'Connor, Edward Frederick O'Connor, George Milledge Odell, Harry O.

O'Farrell, Edward Henry

Ridgett.....

Ogden, Henry Gouverneur Ogilvie, Alexander...... Ogilvie, Arthur George Wright Ogley, Wilfrid Clarence O'Hoy, Kim Louey

O'Hoy, Sheow Louey

O'Hoy, Suey Loey...

Ohtoba, Tuokichi

Okuma, F.

Oliphant, Thomas

"......

Oliveira, Oscar Mirandolino

dos Santos

Oliver, Peter

Ollerton, Joseph Edward Olson, Charles William Omar, Usuff Mahomed

Omar, Rumjahn Mohomed Onslow, Charles..

Orchard, William Edwin Ormiston, James Orton, Thomas

Osborne, Alfred Richard Osborne, John O'Shea, Stephen John Osmund, Alberto José

Osmund, Arthur Frederick Osmund, Cesar Henry

...

Osmund, Ernest Edgar

Osmund, George Vincent

Osmund, Luiz Augusto.............

Oswald, William Robert

...

Oton, Thomas.....

Overy, Hubert

Owen, James Colin

Oxberry, James Henry

Ozorio, Duarte Diniz Ozorio, Eurico Maria.. Ozorio, Fausto Maria.. Ozorio, José Graça

Ozorio, Leopokło Augusto.........

Chemist, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Timekeeper, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Passenger Agent, Admiral Line,.. >alesman, Liggett Myers & Co., Manager, 17 Queen's Road,.

Asst., HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld.,... Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Storekeeper, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,... Architect, l'almer & Turner, Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Chief Clerk, Comp. Dept., Pacific

Mail S.S. Co.,.......

Manager, China Overseas Trading Co., Accountant, Struthers & Barry, Superintendent, Osaka Shosen Kaisha, Assistant, Bank of Taiwan, Ld., Assistant Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., Ld.,

Clerk, Green Island Cement Co., Ld., Moulder, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., .... Manager, International Trading Developer, Dept. Manager, Thoresen & Co., Clerk, Hongkong Hotel Co., Ld.,

Clerk, Moxon & Taylor, Brokers,

Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay.

39 Austin Road, Kowloon.

7 Carnarvon Building, Kowloon. 13 St. Stephen's Lane.

15 Kuntsford Terrace, Kowloon. 3 Carnavon Road, Kowloon. Kowloon Docks. Hongkong Club. On premises.

39 Sand Street, Kennedy Town. 39 Sand Street, Kennedy Town. 39 Sand Street, Kennedy Town. 18 Macdonnell Road. Prince's Building. Pokfulam.

19 Ashley Road, Kowloon. Kowloon Docks. Prince's Building.

7 Prat Buildings, Kowloon.

14 Koon Ma Terrace, Wong-nei-

chong.

3 Bowrington, Canal Road East.

Representative Staff, W. R. Grace & Co., 76 Connaught Road.

Electrican, HK. Hotel Co., Ld., Assistant, Reiss & Co.,

2 Broadwood Terrace.

12 Cameron Buildings, Kowloon.

87 The Peak.

Quarry Bay.

... Kowloon Docks.

Director, Moller & Co. (HK.), Ld., Timekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, Watchman, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Engineer, IIK. Electric Co., Lid., Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Assistant, Shewan Tomes Co., Ld., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson Co., Ld., Assistant, Indo China S. N. & Co., Ld., Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld.,......... Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard, Company Director, Moller & Co., Assistant, Wm. Powell, Ed.,

Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,...... Proprietor, Palace Hotel, Kowloon, Assistant, Reiss & Co.,

Clerk, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C.,

7 Broadwood Terrace.

1 Belilios Terrace.

1 Liberty Avenue, Kowloon.

19 Belilios Terrace.

16 Belilios Terrace.

11 Belilios Terrace. Queen's Building. Quarry Bay. Peak Hotel. Powell's Building. Kowloon Docks. On premises.

8 Mosque Junction.

2 Belilios Terrace.

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., ... 14 Belilios Terracė.

Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Clerk, HK. Electric Co., Ld.,......................

Kowloon Docks.

St. Joseph's Building.

....

42

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

P

Packe, Cyril Leslie Packham, Ralph....

Padgett, George Thomas Page, Harry W.

Pak U Tung...

Palmer, Henry Thomas.... Palmer, Victor Walter Edward Pang Kwok-sni Pang Man-shiu

Pang Pan-sang

Pang Shin-ming. Panizzi, Joseph Vincent Pape, Glenn Ernest... Parker, Philo Woodworth.. Parkes, John

Parren, Joseph Lee Parsons, Reginald John Webble Parsons, Thomas Riddle Pasco, Boris Paterson, James

Paterson, Thomas Garner

Paton. James Wilson Patton, William

Electrical Engineer, HK. Electric Co., Ld.,| 14A Macdonnell Road. Cargo Supt., HK. & K'loon W. & G.

Co., Ld.,

Electrical Engineer, HK. Electric Co., L‹l., Shipping, upt. Dairy Farm I. & C. S.

Co., Ll...

Marketing Assistant,

|

4 Kimberley Villas, Kowloon. 50cp Whitfield Road.

Dairy Farm Depôt, 38B Nathan

Road, Kowloon.

15 Lyndhurst Terrace. 2 Great George's Street.

Soda Water Factory North Point. 5 Man Chung Terrace, Wongueichong. 2 Landale Street. Prince's Building. 96 Bonbam Strand. Wyndham Hotel.

6 Aimai Villas, Kowloon.

77 The Peak. Kowloon Docks.

On premises

13A Macdonnell Road.

Foreman, China Sugar Refining Co., Ld., Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld., Shipbroker. Geo. Grimble & Co., Salesman, General Electric Co., L‹l., Assistant, South British Ince. Co., Ld.,... Compradore, Gilman & Co., Ld...................... Asst., Whiteaway, Laidlaw & Co., Ld.,... Marketing Assistant, Texas Co................ Attorney, Standard Oil Co., Shipbuilder, Dock Co.,...... Assistant, HK. & Shanghai Bank, Engineer, Arnold Bros. & Co., Ld.,. Supt. Garage, Hongkong Hotel, Bookseller, Brewer & Co., Ld., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Mariner Surveyor, Carmichael & Clarke, Asst. D'yard Manager, Taikoo Dockyard, Shipwright, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., ... Electrical Engr., HK. Electric Co., Ld.,... Plummer, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Master, Tailors F. E. Hawthorne, Assistant, HK. & Shanghai Bank, Mercantile Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Hongkong Club.

Penfold, Marchant Eric Harvey Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,.

Paul, Alfred Frank...

Paul, William........

Pearson, John Simmons

Peat, Donald Brookewell

Peel, Charles Alfredl

Penn. Arthur Harry

Penny, Heary.............

Penster, Paul Oscar

Peoples. David

Pepperell, Edmund

Sub-Manager, The Bank Line Ld.,. Assistaut, Kelly & Walsh, Ld., Assistant, John Manners & Co.,

Pentycross, Frederick Hazel... Sub-Acct., HK. & S'hai Bank,

Percy, Thomas Rogers

Pereira, Carlos José Maria Pereira, Fermino Maria.... Pereira, João Patricio

Pereira, Jovita Duarte

Pereira, Thomas Maria Perera, Lujanage Stanley Perrie, Robert

Perrin, Norman James Perry, Silas Shalome..... Pestonji, Rustom Peters, William.. Peters, William Henry Peterson, Thomas Mcquoid Pethick, Harry Hathaway Petley, Harold Wallace.... Philips, Alexander Roy

Henderson

Phillipson, Edward

Pidgeon, John Henry Piercy, Arthur Piercy, G. H... Piguet, Xavier

Pilger, Gerard Jacobus Pilgrim, Arthur James

Pinguet, Ernest

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard.

Manager Import Dept., W. G. Hum-

phreys & Co.,

2 Broadwood Terrace, Hongkong. 23 Queen's Road Central. Quarry Bay. 26 The Peak. Quarry Bay. Kowloon Docks.

50c, » Whitfield Road. Kowloon Docks.

2 Ice House Street. On premises.

On premises.

Peak Hotel.

5 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon.

1-3 Mallory Street.

On premises. Quarry Bay.

Knutsford Hotel, Kowloon.

Kingsclere Hotel. 2 Rednaxela Terrace.

General Agent, Passenger Dept., Cana-

dian Pacific Steamships, Ld., Assistant, Caldbeck, MacGregor & Co.,... Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., | 22 Belilios Terrace. Mercantile Assistant, Shewan, Tomes

& Co.,

Assistant, Nederlandsche Handel Maats-

chappij,

Clerk, International Banking Corporation, Assistant, Shewan Tomes & Co., Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Thos. Cook & Son,.......... Acting Manager, D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Share Broker, Benjamin & Potts, Timekeeper, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,... Stenographer, Pacific Mail S.S. Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Attorney, Standard Oil Co.,

|

1 Rednaxela Terrace.

Netherlands Trading Society. 18 Belilios Terrace.

43 Haiphong Road, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

18 Des Voeux Road Central. Hongkong Hotel.

8 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. Kowloon Docks.

12 Queen's Road East. Quarry Bay.

Friston Cottage.

Electrical Engineer, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Peak Hotel.

Chemist, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Chartered Accountant, Percy Smith, Seth

& Fleming,

Assistant, Carroll Brothers,.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld,, Cashier, Banque de l'Indo-Chine, Accountant, Java-China-Japan Lijn, Assistant, Imports Department, W. G.

Humphreys & Co., Assistant, Reiss & Co.,

Quarry Bay.

Peak Hotel.

5 Lyttleton Road. 129A The Peak. Ewo Mess, The Peak. Chater Road.

6 Mountain View.

1 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon. 10 Chatham Road, Kowloon.

་ ་ ་,,་ སྐ་"

NAME IN FULL.

43

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

P-Continued.

Pinguet, Henry Marcel Pinguet, P. M. Pinna, José Mathias Pinna, Mario Francisco. Pinna, Sebastião Francisco de. Pintos, Cecilio Paulo... Piquet, Paul Armand Xavier Pittendrigh, William McKenzie Placé, Abelardo Antonio Poetz, Carl Henry Polley, John David Pollock, Frederick Arthur. Pomeroy, Henry William Pomeroy, John Bernard Poon I-cho

Poon Ping-koug

Porter, John

Potts, Alexander Hutton Potts, Patrick Cumming

Powrie, Charles Rollo

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Principal, P. M. Pinguet & Co., Clerk, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C.,. Assistant, Yvanovich & Co., Merchant, Assistant, Harry Wicking & Co., Assistant, Holland-China Trading Co., Arcountant, Banque de l'Indo-Chine,.. Merchant, Pittendrigh & Co, Storekeeper, K. Whampoa Dock Co., Assistant, Alex. Ross & Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Clerk, Perey Smith, Seth & Fleming, Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Asst., China Light & Power & Co., Ld.,..... Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Lıl,,. Accountant, Benjamin & Potts, Share Broker, Benjamin & Potts, Managing Director, Davis Co., Ld.,

Prata, Pedro Fernando de Cruz Clerk, Green Island Cement Co., Ld.,

Pratt, Colin Frank.........

Printer, F. W. V. Prisk, Hercules.

Pritchard, William John

Prossor, Harold Kemp

Proulx, Benjamin

Prowse, Harold Short

Pryce, Charles

Puncheon, G.

Manager, Hongkong Hotel Co., Ld.,.. Clerk, Robert Dollar & Co, Mining Engineer, China Mining & Metal

Co., Ltd.,

Assistant, Central Agency, Ld., Merchant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Clerk, Canadian Pacific Steamships, Ld.,. Installation Foreman, China Light &

Power Co., Ld.,

Acctant., Canadian Pacific Steamships Ld., Pullen, Alfred Norman Douglas Chemist, China Mining & Engr. Co., Ld., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Shipbuilder, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., ... Assistant, H. A. Castro & Co., Asst., Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,.

Puncheon, James Pun Chick-man Purves, David John

|

10 Chatham Road, Kowloon. 10 Chatham Road, Kowloon. 60 Ningpo Road, Yaumati. 6 Barrow Terrace, Kowloon. 24 Belilios Terrace.

19 Cameron Road.

2B Jordan Road, Kowloon. 161 The Peak. Kowloon Docks.

4 Morrison Hill Road. Quarry Bay.

Ewo Junior Mess.

10 Morrison Gap Road. 10 Morrison Gap Road. 88 Praya East, Top floor. Union Building.

Victoria View, Kowloon. Hongkong Club.

The Tower, Queen's Building. Repulse Bay Hotel.

37 Granville Road, Kowloon. On premises.

Carlton Hotel, No. 29 Room.

St. George's House.

4 Kimberley Villas, Kowloon 9 Queen's Gardens. 147 Barker Road.

Hok Un.

2 Basilea, Lyttelton Road. Company's Works Kwei Cheng N. T. 6 Waverley Terrace. Kowloon Docks,

39 Wyndham Street.

2 Torres Building, Kimberley Road,

Kowloon.

Quan She John

Quark, Frank William

Quarles van Ufford, Charles

François Jean

Quinn, Sydney Ng.

Quong, Louis

Accountant, Bank of Canton Ld., Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,

Manager, Java-China-Japan Lijn, Manager Director, General Commercial

Co., Ltd.,

Chinese Agent, Toyo Kisen Kaisha,

24 Caine Road.

4 St. Stephen's Lane, Top floor.

38 The Peak.

9 Robinson Road. King's Building.

R

Raat, Johannes de

Rafeek, Mahomed Rahumed, Abdul Kadir. Railton, Manning Leonard Railton, Norman Leslie

Howard

Ralph, Dallas Lush Ramos, Adolpho dos

Ramsay, Allen Barrie Ramsay, John Harris..

Ramsay, Josephi Marshall.

Kamsay, Joseph Victor Ramsay, Peter Walter Robertson...

Sub-accountant, Nederlandsche Handel

Maatschappy.,

Clerk, Osaka Shosen Kaisha,

Clerk, Electric Co., Ld.,

Netherlands Trading Society. 118 Hollywood Road.

8 Lamont's Lane 1st floor.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., 3 Prat Building, Kowloon.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

Assistant, Arnold Bros. & Co., Ld.,

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,...

Supt. Shipbuilder, HK. Whampoa Dock

Co.,....

Draughtsman, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

| 1 Prat Avenue, Kowloou.

Hongkong Club.

2 & 4 St. Francis Yard, Wanchai. Quarry Bay.

On premises.

Kowloon Docks. Kowloon Docks.

Quarry Bay.

NAME IN FULL.

44

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

R-Continued.

Ramsay, Robert Albert Ramsay, Thomas Ramsey, Alfred William

Leonard

Randall, Benjamin Cutler Randall, Herbert Wells...... Ranger, Frederick Ernest Rapley, Lewis Stephen.... Rapp, Christian Frederick. Rapp, George Gustav Rapp, Heury Raptis, John

Rattey, William James Raven, Arthur Fenton. Raven, Oscar Bouttbee Raworth, Arthur Basil

Ray, Edward Henry Ray, Herbert Wallace Raymond, Edward Benjamin Raymond, Edward Maurice Razack, Moosa Abdool Read, Ronald D.

Reid, Alexander Napier Reid, Douglas

Reis, José Manuel....... Remedios, Alberto Guilherme

dos

Remedios, Alfredo Frederico

dos

Remedios, Alvaro Antonio Remedios, Carlos Augusto dos Remedios, Carlos Eugenio...... Remedios, Carlos Savard Remedios, Edmundo Alberto

dos

Remedios, Fernando Eduardo

d'Almada

Remedios, Francisco Xavier dos Remedios, Francisco Xavier

d'Almada

Remedios, Hector Santiago Remedios, Hermillo

Hermenegildo...... Remedios, Honor S. dos

Remedios, João Joaquim

Vandenberg dos Remedios, Jorge Maria Ozorio. Remedios, José Candido dos..... Remedios, José Julita dos Remedios, José Maria

Vandenberg.... Remedios, José Victor Remedios, Luiz Augusto

Lopes

...

Remedios, Luiz Eugenio Remedios, Luiz Gonzaga Remedios, Maximiano Antonio

dos

Remedios, Paulo Maria Remedios, Vasco Luiz dos...... Remington, Horold Rupert Rennett, Thomas Robert Remming, Frank Johu Resker, Hebert Charles

Rew, Tommy James

Engineer, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Assistant Director, W. S. Bailey & Co., L.,

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Clerk, Benjamin & Potts,...... Assistant Lane, Crawford & Co., Assistant, D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Outfitter, J. T. Shaw & Co.,

Accounting Clerk, Pacific Mail S.S. Co.,. Assistant, J. D. Humphreys & Son, Assistant, Carroll Bros., Packer, Taikoo Sugar Refinery Assistant, HK. Whampoa Doek Co.,...... Architect, Raven & Basto Architect, A. R. F. Raven,............ Electrical Engineer General Electric

Co., Ld..

Broker, Ray E. C.,

Manager, HK. Amusements, Ld., Merchant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld.,- Broker, Moxon & Taylor,..... General Broker, M. A Razack, Asst., Union Ince. Socty, of Canton, Ld., Assistant, Lever Bros. (China), Ld., ...... Sub-Acct., Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank,

Kowloon Docks..

9 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

2 Prat Building, Hart Avenue, 1 Prospect Place, Boubam Road. On premises.

56 The Peak.

16 Arbuthnot Road. 18 Robinson Road. 11 Babington Path. 12 Conduit Road. Quarry Bay. Kowloon Docks, 29A Kennedy Road,

3 Cambay Building, Kowloon.

11 The Peak. Alexandra Building.

c/o Coronet Theatre.

11 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 15 The Peak.

32 Leighton Hill Road. Union Building.

St. George's House, Kennedy Road. 3 Queen's Road Central. Ou premises.

Asst., Netherlands India Commercial Bank, Des Voeux Road Central.

Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank,

.་

Clerk, HK. & China Gas Co., Ld Assistant, Hollaud-China Trading Co., Chief Clerk, Russo-Asiatic Bank, Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,.

Bookkeeper, Kelly & Walsh, Ld.,

Merchant, De Sousa & Co., Ld.,.................... Assistant, Caldbeck, MacGregor & Co.,...

Assistant, Union Trading Co., Ld.,. Clerk, Banque de l'Indo-Chine,

Clerk, Russo Asiatic Bank,.... Assistant, Arnold Bros. & Co., Ld.,

Clerk, International Banking Corporation; Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld........................ Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank,

Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., ....... Clerk, Asia Banking Corporation,

Assistant, Apcar & Co.,

On premises.

On premises.

22 Robinson Road.

The Hut, Castle Road.

9 Humphreys Avenue, Kowloon.

St. Joseph's Building, Robinson Rd.

Peace Villa, Ho Mun Tin. 1 Mosque Street.

On premises.

Chater Road.

The Hut, Castle Road.

4. Peace Avenue, New Garden City,

Kowloon.

The Hut, Upper Castle Road. 7 Belilios Terrace. On premises. On premises.

Kowloon Docks.

2 Victory Road, Homuntin.

45 Wyndham Street.

Asst., Extreme-Orient Trading Co., Ld., 58 Peel Street. Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,

Merchant, Maxim & Co.,..... Assistant, B. Reif,

Block A St. Joseph's Building.

3 Carnarvon Villa, Kowloon. 14 Belilios Terrace, Robinson Road.

Clerk, Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., On premises. Assistant, H. Wicking & Co...... Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co.,

Assistant Manager, HK. Hotel Co., Ld., Sub-Manager, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India,

61 The Peak. On premises. On preinises. Quarry Bay. 89 Praya East.

NAME IN FULL.

45

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

R-Continued.

Reynolds, John Arthur. Reynolds, William Kearley Rhodes, Ernest Lyon..... Ribeiro, Angelo Cecilio.. Ribeiro, Augusto Henrique Ribeiro, Augusto Illidio Ribeiro, Augusto José Vieira. Ribeiro, Carlos Alberto de

Jesus Vieira

Ribeiro, Carlos de Monte

Carmelo da Costa Vieira Ribiero, Constantino Filomeno

Vieira

Ribeiro, Fernando Alfredo

Vieira

Ribeiro, Francisco Raul.. Ribeiro, Francisco Xavier

Vieira

Ribeiro, Frederico F......... Ribeiro, João Chrysostomo

Vieira

Ribeiro, Jorge Alberto Vieira Ribeiro, Julio Carmo Vieira...! Ribeiro, Luiz Antonio Vieira...

Ribeiro, Luiz Gonzaga Ribeiro, Oscar Francisco

Ribeiro, Oscar Francisco Ribeiro, Venceslau Francisco

Vieira

Ribeiro, Vicente Rogerio Vieira Richardson, Charles Edward... Riggs, Charles Butler Robert, Fraser Forbes Robert, Wilkinson William Roberts, Arthur William Roberts, George Eric.... Robertson, John.......... Robertson, Thomas Watson.. Robertson, William Robinson, George Arthur Robinson, John Lancaster.. Robson, Johu J................... Robson, William Henry Carr. Rocha, Alvaro Gustavo da Rocha, Antonio Maria Barros

Rocha, Antonio José da Cruz

Rocha, Claudio Lisola Rocha, Epiphanio Maria da

Rocha, Ignacio Loyola da..............

Rocha, Isaias da.......... Rocha, João Maria da

Rocha, João Maria da

!

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Secretary, C. E. Warren & Co., Ld., Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Clerk, Lane, Crawford & Co.,..... Assistant, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld.....

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,

Quarry Bay.

Knutsford Hotel, Kowloon. Peak Hotel.

7 Mosque Street. On premises. On premises.

15 Mosque Junction.

| 11 Morrison Gap Road.

6 Carnarvon Villas.

Assistaut, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., 8 Morrison Gap Road.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Passenger Clerk, Pacific Mail S.S. Co., .

Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Clerk, Asia Banking Corporation,

Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Merchant, Maxim & Co.,... Merchant, Maxim & Co.,............ Accountant, Nestlé & Anglo-Swiss

Condensed Milk Co..

Assistant, J. M. da Rocha & Co., Assistant Bookkeeper, Andersen, Meyer

& Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Lane Crawford & Co.,....

Merchant, Ribeiro, Son & Co.,......

12 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon. 4 St. Joseph's Terrace.

On premises.

14 Cameron Road, Kowloon.

Ou premises.

21 Granville Road, Kowloon. 4 Gordon Terrace, Kowloon.

7 Morrison Gap Road.

53 Wyndham Street.

115 Praya East, Top floor.

On premises.

5 Lyeemoon Villas, Kowloon.

King Edward Hotel.

Clerk, Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Union Building. Merchant, Chas E. Richardson, Wharf Manager, Holt's Wharf, Salesman, Mustard & Co.,

Asst., HK Land Investment Co., Ld., Assistant, Lane, Crawford Co., Ld., ...... Asst., Union Ince. Socty, of Canton, Ld.,... Merchant, W. A. Hannibal & Co........ Supt. Engr., HK.&K'loon W. & G. Co.,Ld., Timekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, Bradley & Co., Ld., Engineer, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Draughtsman, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Auctioneer,

Clerk, HK. Tramway Co., Ld.,

Assistant Book-keeper, Jardine, Matheson

& Co., L.,

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Mercantile Assistant, Shewan, Tomes

& Co.,

Assistant, British American Tobacco

Co., Ld.,

Assistant, A. B. Swedish Trading Co., ... Assistant, British-American Tobacco Co.,

Ld.,

Merchant, J. M. da Rocha & Co.,

Rocha, José Maria Estevão da Assistant, British-American Tobacco Co.,

Rocha, Ruy Marcos da

Rocha, Vicente Caetano da Rock, Edward Charles Rodenfuser, Raoul Rodger, George Sinclair Rodger, John Rodger, John

.....

Ld.,

Assistant, J. M. da Rocha & Co.,

Asst., Union Ince. Socty, of Canton, Ld., Manager, Jockey Club Stables, Acting Agent, Messageries Maritimes, Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard, Asst.-Mgr., China Sugar Refining Co., Ld., Assistant, Central Agency, Ld.,

Highlands, Kimberley Road, K’ioon. 7 Aimai Villas, Kowloon. 25 Praya East. On premises. Union Building.

8A Des Voeux Road Central. 3 Kimberley Villas, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

3 Thorpe Manor, May Road.

Peak Hotel.

Kowloon Docks.

Kowloon Docks. 29 Mosque Street. 3 Belilios Terrace.

10 Shing Wong Street. 32 Ice House Street.

100B Wanchai Road.

32 Granville Road, Kowloon. 2 Mosque Street.

32 Granville Road, Kowloon.

3 Robinson Road.

47 Wyndham Street.

2 Gordon Terrace, Kowloon. On premises. Causeway Bay.

4 The Albany. Quarry Bay. East Point Terrace. 2 Connaught Road.

NAME IN FULL.

46

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

R-Continued.

Rodrigues, Antonio José

Rodrigues, Carlos Augusto

de Carvalho......

Rodrigues, José Simão Roger, Hugh Wood Rombout, Arie Machiel. Rome, Louis de

Rosa, Crispiniano Ignacio da... Rosario, Antonio Manuel da

Silva

Rosario, Fernando Antonio

Maria

Rosario, Luiz Gonzaga Rosario José Moria Rosario Julio Cezar

Rosario, Polycarpo Autonio Rose, Henley Hembdon..... Rose, Louis Augustus Ross, Cecil Philip Ross, John Black Ross, Sydney Hampden....

Rosselet, Chas. S. Rosser, Alexander James

Weekes Rowson, Hector Charles Rozu, Alfred William da Roza, Carlos Augusto da Roza, Edmundo Duarte da Roza, Gregorio Francisco Roza, Gustavo Uriel da.... Roza, Julio Henrique... Roza, Pelagio Oscar da....... Rozario, Arthur Cornelio do... Rozario, Daniel Anthero Rozario, Eduardo Maria Rozario, Emerico Izidoro do ... Rozario, Julio Cezar do........ Rozario, Valeriano Cruz Rozario, Vito Antonio Rull, Marcelino José Rumjahn, Abdul Hamid Rumjahn, Dawood .. Kumjahn, Usuf Russell, John Ruttonjee, Jehangir Hormusjee Ryan, Clarence Darron ... Ryan, Lionel Ernest Norwood

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,

Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, File Clerk, Pacific Mail S.S. Co., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, Transmarina Trading Co.,.............. Electrical Engr., HK. Electric Co., Ld., Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld.,

Assistant, J. M. da Rocha & Co.,

Assistant, Hollaud China Trading Co., Claim Clerk, Pacific Mail S.S. Co., Accountant, Bradley & Co., Ld., Assistaut, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld.,... Traffic Inspector, HK. Tramway Co., Ld., Architect, Louis A. Rose................

Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co., Acct., Mercantile Bank of India, Ld...................... Chartered Accountant, Percy Smith, Seth

& Fleming,.....

Manager, Gerin Drevard & Co.,

......

Assistant, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co., Asst., British American Tobacco Co., Exchange Broker, C. A. da Roza, Exchange Broker, C. A. da Roza, Accountant, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews, Clerk, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Assistant, J. M. da Rocha & Co., Clerk, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C.,.. Assistant, de Sousa & Co., Ld., Clerk, International Banking Corporation, Assistant, Botelho Bros.,..... Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Clerk, Eastern Asbestos Co., Ld., Assistant, D. Sassoon & Co., Assistant, Rumjahn & Co., Clerk, Gande, Price & Co., Ld., Merchant, Rumjahn & Co.,. Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,.. Merchant, H. Ruttonjee & Son, Salesman, Liggett, Myers & Co., Supt. Assistant, Canadian Pacific

Steamships Ld.,

4 Mosque Street.

On premises.

10 Robinson Road. 167 The Peak.

13A Macdonnell Road. 13c Macdonnell Road, 1 Saifee Terrace, Kowloon.

4 Austin Avenue, Kowloon.

4 Minden Avenue, Kowloon. 22 Queen's Road East. 12 Austin Avenue, Kowloon, 22 Belilios Terrace. On premises.

1 Moreton Terrace. 16 Des Voeux Road.

22 Des Voeux Road Central. 55 The Peak.

Peak Hotel.

23 Wongneichong Road.

22 Des Voeux Road Central. Peak Hotel.

2 Minden Villas, Kowloon 2 Minden Villas, Kowloon. 3 Queen's Road Central. 72 Caine Road.

2 Gordon Terrace, Kowloon. 72 Caine Road.

13 Liberty Avenue, Ho Mun Tin. St. Joseph's Building, Block C. 2, St. Joseph's Terrace. 25 Shelley Street.

On premises.

23 Belilios Terrace.

On premises.

35 Nathan Road, Kowloon, 41 Tavri Building, Kowloon. 3 Arbuthnet Road.

53 Wongneichong Road. 3 Arbuthnot Road.

Quarry Bay.

1 Wyndham Street.

7 Carnarvon Building, Kowloon.

3 Robinson Road, Hongkong.

S

Sadick, Ramjee Saines, Conrad

Salle, Greenhill Lester Sample, Edward Frederick

Ronald......

Samways, Frederick George Samy, Arthur.............

Samy, Arthur Poonoo

Sandberg, Marius Diederick

Christoph

Asst. Bookkeeper, Alex. Ross & Co., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

175 Praya East, Top floor. Empress Lodge, Kowloon.

Acet., HK. Land Investment Co., Ld.,... 10 The Peak.

Architect, Denison, Ram & Gibbs,......... Foreman, China Sugar Refining Co., Ld., Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Architect, A. P. Samy....

First Shipping Clerk, Java-China-Japan

Lijn,..........

Sandstrom, Clarence Edwin ... Asst., Standard Oil Co.,

Sanger, Richard ............

Sanh, Joseph Antoine

Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,

Assistant, N. S. Moses & Co.,

The Albany. East Point Terrace.

88 Bonham Road,

88 Bonham Road.

16 Conduit Road.

22 Ashley Road.

1 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

5 Saifee Terrace, Kowloon.

NAME IN FULL.

47

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

S-Continued.

Sassoon, Hector William Sayce, Kelly Scarle, Alfred. Schuiling, Abel Siemen.

Schou-Sorensen, Arne Scott, Alfred Ernest

Scott, Douglas Stewart... Scott, Harry Hodge

Scott, Holman

Scott, John Hannay Scott, Leonard Gordon Scriven, Henry Ernest Searle, Maurice A. J. Seatb, William Petrie Seitert, A. L.

Sellars, George Washington

Sen Kon-chi

Sepher, Sheik Abdool Sequeira, Augusto Dario Sequeira, Carlos Maria Sequeira, Henrique Remijio Sequeira, Pedro Nolasco Seth, Harold

Sewell, George William. Shand, Thomas Shannon, John William Shaw, George Morison Shaw, James Kerr... Shaw, John Archibald Shaw, Thomas Henry Robert. Sheepshanks, Richard David

William

Shefts, Isidore Ben

Sherman, Thomas Fothergill, Sherry, John Patrick

Shi M. Ki

Shi Yu-man

Shima, Kin Nosuke

Shiner, Walter Charles

Shisl, Tam-pak

Shoemaker, Wilson Mont-

gomery Shoffer, Adolf Dane...

Shortland, Wilfrid Reginald Short, Richard Habberfield Shroff, Framroz Pestonjee Shrubsole, Henry Christopher

Shum, S. L................

Sibley, James Clarence.. Sid Iu Szto........

Sigveland, Ivar

Silva, Antonio Francisco

Paulo da

Silva, Armando Maria da Silva, Arnaldo Heitor.... Silva, Arthur Luiz.......... Silva, Carlos Germano Silva, Daniel Oswald de.. Silva, F. T. Gomes da

Merchant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Book-seller, Sayce & Co.,

Butcher, Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., Ld., Sub-Acct., Nederlandsche Handel Maats-

chappy,

Manager, Thoresen & Co.,

Chartered Accountant, Lowe, Bingham &

Matthews,

Marketing Assistant, Texas,

Chief Engineer Draughtsman, Hongkong

Whampoa Dock Co.,..... Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Merchant, Mustard & Co., Engineer, Peak Tramway Co., Ld., Assistant, Lane, Crawford Ld., Butcher, Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., Ld., Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, ... Manager, Banque Industrielle de Chine, Chartered Accountant, Mackinnon, Mac-

kenzie & Co.,

Interpreter, Moxon & Taylor,.

Tontallon, 144 The Peak. 14 Beaconsfield Arcade. Wyndham Hotel.

Netherlands Trading Society.

·Bicton, 127 The Peak.

3 Queen's Road Central. 7 Babington Path.

Kowloon Docks.

30 Humphreys Building.

9 Branksome Towers, May Road. 17 The Peak. On premises. Wyndham Hotel. Quarry Bay. Queen's Building.

On premises.

St. Joseph's Building.

Asst., HK. & K'loou W. & G. Co., Ld.,... 3 Bowrington Canal, HK.

Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,

Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,

Clerk, International Banking Corpn.,. Assistaut, Standard Oil Co., Passage Broker, H. Seth,.... Merchant, Robertson, Wilson & Co., Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Manager, China Sugar Refining Co., Ld., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Asst. Manager, Butterfield & Swire,

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Hides Inspector, Andersen, Meyer & Co.,

Ld.,

Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ltd., Assistant Manager, China

Telephone Co., Ld., Manager, Bank of Taiwan, Ld., Broker, Benjamin & Potts, Manager, Osaka Shosen Kaisha,

& Japan

Marine Engr., United Asbestos Co., Ld., Compradore, Alex. Ross & Co.,

Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Secretary & Treasurer, American Asiatic

Commercial Co.,

Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Assistant, Canadian Facific S.S. Co. Assistant, S. J. David & Co., Ld., Assistant, Nestlé Anglo Swiss Condensed

Milk Co.,.......

Compradore, Connell Bros & Co., Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Assisttant Manager, Chinese Merchants

Bank, Ld.,

Superintendent, Thoresen & Co.,

Clerk, General Electric Co. of China, Ld., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Clerk, Linstead & Davis,

Clerk, Chartered Bank of I., A. & C., Clerk, HK, Electric Co., Ld.,............ Agent, Sun Life Insurance Co., Assistant, P. A. Lapieque & Co.,

|

6 Mosque Terrace.

6 Mosque Street.

1 Reduarela Terrace. 20 Belilios Terrace.

Norman Cottage, 2 Peak Road. Beaconsfield Arcade. Quarry Bay. Kingsclere.

On premises.

Ewo Mess, The Peak. Repulse Bay Hotel. 75 The Peak,

Empress Lodge, Kowloon,

Nathan House, Kowloon. 26 The Peak.

42 The Peak. On premises.

5 Seymour Terrace.

18 Macdonnell Road. 89 The Peak.

3 Lower Castle Road.

Laichikok.

15 Bowen Road. On premises.

4 Kimberley Villas, Kowloon. 5 Hart Avenue, Kowloon,

Kingsclere.

33 Peking Road, 2nd Floor, K'loon. 85 The Peak.

59 Wyndham Street. Hongkong Hotel.

2 Ning Po Street, Kowloon. 7 Mosque Junction.

3 Duddell Street, 1st Floor.

13 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon. 1 Bowling Street, Yaumati. 4 Cambay Building, Kowloon. On premises.

48

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

1

S-Continued.

Silva, Francisco Britto Perez .. Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank,

Silva, Francisco Filomeno

Eça da

Silva, Francisco Maria Silva, Francisco Xavier Silva, Francisco Xavier.. Silva, Frederico Eugenio Silva, Frederico Norberto Silva, George Honorio Silva, Henrique José... Silva, Henrique Mario Silva, John M. Silva, Jorge Britto.

Silva, Lucas Leonardo da Silva, Luiz

Silva, Marciano Antonio da Silva, Paulo da

Silva, Porphyrio Maria

Nolasco da

Silva, Reginaldo Maria

Gomes da

Silva, Ricardo Crescencio da... Sim, Edwin Lionel....... Simões, Manuel Augusto Simpson, Alan Grant.. Simpson, Andrew M. Simpson, James....

Simpson, William Gordon.. Simpson, William Philip Sin Man-tai.................

Singer, Eugene Theodore Skinner, Osmond Slark, Allan McDougall. Sleigh, Edward Mason Sloan, James Sloan, John.....

Smirke, James Frederick Smith, Albert Woodall Smith, Andrew

Smith, Arthur William

Smith, Aubrey Maurice Bowes Smith, Clarence Edgar Smith, Dennis George Smith Elliot Ivan Grant

Smith, Eric Grant.

Smith, Francis Harland.

Smith, George John

Smith, Herbert Edwin

Smith, Inglis Sydney......... Smith, James

Smith, Octavius Arthur.. Smith, Raymond Smith, Robert Edward Smith, Robert Melville Smith William Cadzow.. Smithies, Robert Horne... Smyth, James Mathie Smyth, Vivian Geoffry Snowman, Albert Washington Soares, Adão Maria de Lourdes Soares, Charles Maria

Soares, Fernando Maria de

Lourdes

Soares, Francisco Paulo de

Vasconcellos. Soares, Francisco Xavier

Assistant, D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Assistaut, Union Trading Co., Ld., Clerk, Asia Banking Corporation, Asst., Union Ince. Socty, of Canton, Ld..... Assistant, Shewan Tomes Co., Ld., Storekeeper, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,... Engineer, Electric Light Co., Ld., Mercantile Asst., Dodwell & Co., Ld., Clerk, Chartered Bank of I., A. & C., Clerk, Asia Banking Corporation, Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Clerk, HK. & Shanghai Bank, Assistant, Reiss & Co.,

On premises.

Fanling New Territories. 3 Duddell Street. 10 Belilios Terrace. Union Building.

3 Rednaxela Terrace. Kowloon Docks.

Punjab Buildings, Kowloon. 6 Salisbury Avenne, Kowloon. 15 Belilios Terrace.

10 Belilios Terrace, Robinson Road. 1 Austin Avenue, Kowloon. On premises.

5 Cambay Building, Kowloon.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,.. 5 Ashley Road, Kowloon. Assistant, Cary & Co.,

Broker, P. M. N. da Silva,

Asst. Book-keeper, Jardine Matheson &

Co., Lư.

Office Assistant, Chau Yue Teng, Exchange Broker, A. S. Hancock,. Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,

Sub-Acet., Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Shipbuilder, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,... Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Engineer, W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld., Tailor, Diss Bros.,

Assistant, General Electric Co., Ld., Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Manager, Harry Wicking & Co., Superintendent Engineer, Holts Wharf, Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, .. Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, ... Ticket Inspector, Peak Tramway Co., Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld., Storekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, Purchasing Manager, Hongkong Hote!

Acting Mgr., David Sassou & Co., Ld.,... Assistant, Asia Banking Corporation, Bookseller, Brewer & Co., Ld., Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld.,

Merchant, Franks Smith & Co., Watchman, Taikoo Dockyard,.

Sub-Manager, Chartered Bank of I. A. &

C.,

Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co., Manager, Whiteaway, Laidlaw & Co., Engineer, HK. Electric Co., Ld. Manager, Liggett, Myers & Co.,.. Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,.............. Store Keeper, Taikoo Dockyard, Blacksmith, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., ... Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Broker, Snowman & Co., Merchant, Soares & Co.,

|

St Joseph's Building.

Shorncliffe, 7 Garden Road.

7 Gordon Terrace., Kowloon. 21 Cameron Road, Kowloon. 12 The Peak.

4 Saifee Terrace, Kowloon. 13 Bowen Road. Kowloon Docks. Quarry Bay.

80 Jordan Road, Kowloon. 53 Kennedy Road. Rocklands, Robinson Road. 148 Barker Road, The Peak. On premises.

8 Queen's Gardens.

Glenthorne, Kimberley Road, K'loon, Quarry Bay.

Quarry Bay.

Peak Tramway.

Aërated Water Factory, North Point. Quarry Bay.

4 Carnarvon Villas, Kowloon. 16 Conduit Road. Hongkong Hotel.

23 Queen's Road Central. 4 Queen's Gardens. Hongkong Club.

29 Leighton Hill Road. Quarry Bay.

136 The Peak. Quarry Bay.

22A Nathan Road, Kowloon. Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 50 C. D. Whitfield Road. Hongkong Hotel.

96 The Peak. Kowloon Docks. Quarry Bay. Kowloon Docks.

3 Tregunter Mansions. Union Building.

12 Peak Road.

Acct. Clerk, Percy Smith, Seth & Fleming, 21 Shelley Street.

Assistant, Carroll Bros.,

Broker, Ellis &.Co., Fred,

Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank,

11 Ice House Street.

2 Liberty Avenue, Kowloon. On premises.

49

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

S-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Soares, Joaquim Roque..

Soares, José Maria....

Soares, Pedro

Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Passenger Clerk, Pacific Mail S.S. Co.,... Assistant, Hongkong Cigar Stores...

Solomon, Johannes Hendrik... Sub-Accountant, Nederlandsche Handel

Solomon, Phillip Joseph

Soonderam, Ramasamy Soon, Chan-ki

Sorby, Vincent Dare

Sousa, Duarte Eleuterio de Sousa, E. D.

Sousa, Eduardo Valerio Maria

Botelho de

Sousa, Eduardo Valerio

Maria Ricci de ..

Maatschappy.

Asst. Lighter Overseer, Holt's Wharf, Clerk, Hongkong Hotel Co., Ld., Book-keeper, American Express, Co.,.. Electrical Eng., HK. Electric Co., Ld., Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Timekeeper, HK. Whampoa Dock Co.,...

Ld,

Assistant, De Sousa & Co, Ld

Merchant, De Sousa & Co., Ld.,

Sousa, Wilhelmino Inno José.. Clerk, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Soutar, Francis

Souza, Antonio José Mattos... Souza, Augusto Simeão.............. Souza, Casimiro Marcelino Souza, Edward Paul Souza, Euzebio D. Souza, Francisco Xavier

Souza, José Francisco de Souza, José Thomas de.... Souza, Luiz Carlos Rozario de Souza, Marcus Antonio Rozario Spicer, Henry Spiers, James Bell...... Spit, Hendricus Martinus Spittles, Benjamin James

Spradbery, Ernest Joseph......! Stainfield, Henry

Stainfield, Herbert Langham... Stalker, Archibald Stalker, John

Stanton, William Tillinghast. Star, Willem Johannes van

der

Stark, Charles Crawford Stark, George

Starling, Robert Archibald Steel, David

Steensby, Valdemar Steer, James Stephens, Herbert Stephens, Walter Alfred

Stephenson, Norman.... Stevens, Montagne White.. Stevenson, Allan Stewart, Allan Brown Stewart, Charles.................

Stewart, Charles Edward,

Stewart, James

Stewart, Sutherland

Stewart, William

Stock, Robert.......

Stone, Frederick John Howe.. Stopani, William Alexander

Storm, Odd Gustav Stott, Robert Edward.

Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,

Freight Clerk, Pacific Mail S.S. Co., Clerk, HK. & Shanghai Bank, Clerk, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Assistant, etherland Commercial Bank, Timekeeper, Dock Co.,..

Foreman, Humphreys Estate & Finance

Co., 1 d.,

Assistant, Shewau, Tomes & Co, Assistant, S. J. David & Co.,

Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank,

16 Belilios Terrace. On premises.

18 Arbuthnot Road.

Netherlands Trading Society. 36 Shanghai Street, Yaumati. 133 Queen's Road East. On premises.

174 The Peak.

2 Lyeemun Villas, Kowloon. Kowloon Docks.

1 Aimai Villas, Kowloon.

1 Aimai Villas, Kowloon. 23 Praya East, Quarry Bay.

163 Wanchai Road, On prenses.

I Ashley Road, Kowloon. 12 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon. Kowloon Docks.

31 Yik Kee Building, Nathan Road,

Kowloon.

34 Ice House Street,

41 Nathan Road, Kowloon, Ou premises.

Clerk, Union Ince. Socty, of Canton, Ld., Union Building. Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,

per pro. Java-China-Japan Lijn,

Manager, Wine Dept., A. S. Watson &

Co., Lủ,

167 The Peak.

Quarry Bay.

92 The Penk.

30B Nathan Road, Kowloon.

Quarry Bay,

Asst., HK. Rope Manufacturing Co., Ld., | 12 Peace Avenue, Homuntin. Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Salesman, Mustard & Co., Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard, Sub-Manager, Bank Line, Ld., Sub-Accountant, International Bauk,.............

Assistant, Holland Pacific Trading Co.,... Local Manager, Vacuum Oil Co., Engineer, China Light & Power Co., Ld., Assistant, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Shipwright, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., ... Accountant, Andersen, Meyer & Co., Ld., Watchmaker,

Merchant, H. Stephens & Co., Ld.,... Manager, Nestlé Anglo-Swiss Condensed

Milk Co.,.

Draughtsman, HK. Whampoa Dock Co, Secretary, IIK. Amusements, Ltd., Manager, Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., Ld.,. Merchant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Assistant, Wm. Powell, Ld., Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,

Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Dane Boag Co., Assistant, Alex. Ross & Co., Clerk, HK. Electric Co., Lal., Assistaut, China Provident Loan &

Mortgage Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Holland Pacific Trading Co.,... Harbour Representative, HK. Hotel Co.,

Ld.,

|

3 Wongneichoug Road. Quarry Bay.

14 Conduit Road.

2 Queen's Gardens.

14 Macdouneli Road. 103A The Peak. Hung Hom.

43 Conduit Road. Kowloon Docks.

Armand Buildings, Kowloon, 9 Ice House Street.

16 Queen's Road, Central.

16 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.. Kowloon Docks. Hongkong Club.

Dairy Farm, Pokfulum. Strawberry Hill, The Peak. On premises.

Kowloon Docks. Quarry Bay.

Quarry Bay.

HK. & Shanghai Bank Building. Room 26 Hongkong Club Aunexe. 5в Block Kowloon Docks.

10 St. George's House. 15 Austin Road, Kowloon,

31 Leighton Hill Rd., Wongnei chong.

NAME IN FULL.

50

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

S-Continued.

Strafford, Cecil

Strahan, Frank

Stuart, Charles

Stubbs, Archibald Thomas Sue, Thomas

Suffiad, Abdul Gaffóor.... Sui Ho-ming

Sullivan, Charles Des Voeux.. Summers, Charles Henry Summers, Edwin Henry Sparks

Summers, Vernon Hamilton ... Sun Tza-ying.. Sung Ying-hsueh

Surridge, Clarence Thurston, Sutherland, Percy Duffus......

Swan, George...

Swan,

Thomas

Syme-Thomson, Fraser

Symes, Glascott Heury.. Szeto, Kwong..

Resident Engineer, China Light & Power

Co., Lư..

Assistant, Drug Dept., Andersen, Meyer

& Co., Ld.,

Hok Un.

Station Hotel, Kowlo`m. Powell's Bldg., Des Voeux Rd. Cl." Montpelier, Queen's Gardens. 28 Wellington Street.

Assistant, Wm. Powell, Ld., Assistant, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Ld.,... Assistant, Andersen, Meyer & Co., Ld.j... Asst., British-American Tobacco Co., Ld.,) 3 Moreton Terrace. Director & General Manager, American

Asiatic Commercial Co., Packer, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,.... Craft Supt., HK. & K'loon W. & G.

Co., Ld.,

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,.......... Clerk, William C. Jack & Co., Ld., General Manager, Industrial & Commercial

Bank,

General Agent, China Mail S.S. Co., Ld.,. Passenger Agent, Canadian Pacific Steam-

ships, Ld.,

Draughtsman, W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld.,... Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Assitant, Gilman & Co., Ld., Assistant, HK. Trading Co,

11 Peace Avenue, Homuntin. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay.

7 Aimai Villas, Austin Rd., K’loon. 1 Causeway Bay. Astor House Building.

32A Caine Road.

29 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

Hongkong Club.

6 Torres Building, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

On premises.

8A Des Voeux Road Central. On premises.

T

Tait, James Henry

Tárn Chuen-chiu Tam, Joseph Charles Tam Kin-Piu

Tam Pak-shiu

Tam Wing-kwong Tang Lai-shang

Tape, Benjamin Wong Tarrant, John Arthur Tarrant, Roydon Tate, E. W.

Tavares, Alfredo Augusto......

Tavares, Augusto Maria Tavares, Augusto Maria........ Tavares, Carlos Eugenio Tavares, Fernando José Tavares, José Filippe Tavares, José Maria Placé Tayler, Heury Herbert

Taylor, David..... Taylor, Frank Harold Taylor, Fred

Taylor, Robert Taylor, William

Telfer, William Frederick... Terry, Authur Leslie..

Tetzel, Charles

Thacker, William

Thayer, John

Thom, William

Thomason, Fred.

Telephone Engineer, China & Japan

Telephone Co., Ld.,

Assistant, General Commercial Co., Ld., Assistant, H. A. Castro & Co., Accountant, Asia Commercial & Deve-

lopment Co.,

Compradore, Alex. Ross & Co., Manager, Ip Tak & Co.,

Asst., American Milk Products Corpn.,.. Mgr., China Mutual Life Ince. Co., Ld., .| Secretary, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld., Underwriter, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Special Representative, American Ex-

press Co.,

Assistant, Nederlandsche Handel Maats-

chappy,

Assistant, Bradley & Co., Ld., Assistant, Bradley & Co., Ld., Acting Agent, Russian Volunteer Fleet, Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Assistant, Reiss & Co., Assistant, Alex Ross & Co., Manager, China Provident Loan & Mort-

gage Co., Ld.,......................

Mercantile Assist., Dodwell & Co., Ld.,. Inspector, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld, Merchant, John Manners & Co...... Engineer, Green Island Cement Co., Ld., Patterninaker, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Accountant, China & Japan Telephone

Co., Ltd.,

Clerk, International Banking Corporation, Chief Manager, The Western Casualty

Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

Moraes & Thom,

•W

Wyndham Hotel.

96 Nathan Road, Kowloon. 96 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

25 Old Bailey Street.

3 Lower Castle Road. On premises.

67 Wellington Street. Alexandra Building.

8 Aimai Villas, Kowloon. Hongkong Club.

Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

Netherlands Trading Society. 4 Caine Road.

4 Caine Road.

4 Caine Road.

I Woodland Terrace. St. Joseph's Terrace. 4 Caine Road.

59 Robinson Road. Peak Hotel.

North Point Installation. 7 Queen's Road Central. 10A Mody Road, Kowloon. Kowloon Docks.

31 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

7 Broadwood Terrace. 8 Shing Wong Street.

Hongkong Hotel. Hongkong Club.

Station Hotel, Kowloon.

Asst., HK. C. & M. Steamboat Co., Ld.,. 1 Causeway Bay.

>

NAME IN FULL.

51

OCCUPATION:

ADDRESS.

T- Continued.

Thompson, Edgar ..... Thompson, Frederick George. Thompson, Harry

Thompson, John Graham......

Thomson, James Black .........

Thomson, James Downie Thomson, John Brendon Tiese, Alof...

Tillery, William Campbell.. Tiran, Georges

Tobias, Lewis Albert..... Tod, Peter

Tod, Francis Charles

Tofte, Andreas Christian

Victor

Tollan, Duncan

Tong Tsung-po

Tong Tze-sau. Toppin, James Townend, Lawrence Francis... Tracy, Fred Dillingham Travers, Frank

Trobridge, Frederick George...

Tsai, S. M.

Tsang, Fuk-yu Tse Tsan-tai... Tse Yan-pak

Tso, A.

Tso Chak-kan. Tsol Kai

Tsoi, William Kai

Tsu Wa-ying Tsuyee, Pei....... Tully, John

Turnbull, William George.. Tye, James Isaac

Tyrrell, Reginald Albert

Ü Kitting

U Siu-tao

U

Electrical Engr., HK. Electric Co., Ld., Clerk, Dairy Farm I. & C. SPCo., Lit....... W. R. Flatow, Representative W R.

Grace & Co., i、

Telephone Engineer, China & Japan

Telephone Co., Ld.;

Chief Ship Draughtsman, HK. Whampoa

Dock Co.,

Asst., Dairy Farm I. & C. S. Co., La., ... Consulting Engineer, Carmichael & Clarke, Sub-Manager, Asia Banking Corpn.,..... Engineer, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Technical Agent, Far East Oxygen Co

Ld.,

Optician, Lazarus & Co., .............

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., La.,

55 Kennedy Road. 59 Mt. Parish, Kennedy Road. ·

12A Mody Road, Kowloon.

35 Sharp Street East.

Kowloon Docks.

20 Nathan Road, Kowloon. Peak Hotel.

18 Condurit Road." Kowloon Docks.*-

To Kwa Wan.

13 St. Stephen's Lane. 74 The Peak.

14 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon.

Manager, Andersen, Meyer & Co., 1 Armand Building, Kowloon. Telephone Engineer, China & Japan

Telephone Co., Ld.,

Cashier, Thos. Cook & Son, Secretary, Tung On Fire Insur-uce Co.,... Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., · Asst., Union Ince. Soety, of Canton Ld.,. Attorney, Standard Oil Co., Passenger Agent, Toyo Kisen Kaisha Company Director, China Mining and

Metal, Co., Ld.

General Accountant, Industrial & Com=

mercial Bank,

Clerk, Lane, Crawford & Co.,..

Asst. Compradore, Shewan Tomes & Co.,. Compradore, Liverpool and London and

Globe Insurance, Co., Ld...............

Clerk, Getz Bros. & Co., Assistant, Gerin Drevard & Co., Clerk, Pentreath & Co.,

Clerk, American Express Co.,.............. Compradore, General Electric Co., Ld.,... Manager, Bank of China, Ld., ·

Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Assistant, HK. & Shanghai Bank,. Salesman, Shewan, Tomes & Co,

2 Austin Avenue, Kowloon. 18 Des Voeux Road. On premises.

7 Peace Avenue, Ho Mun Tin. Union Building. 6 Thorpe Manor. King's Building.

Peak Hotel.

On premises.

O'n premises.

On premises.

96 Wanchai Road. ·

228 Queen's Road Central.

34 Staunton Street.

51 Queen's Road East 1st floor. On premises.

22 Tung Street.

IB Sharp Street East, 2nd Floor. 8 Broadwood Road.

On premises.

35 Portland Street, Yaumaiì.

Accountant, China Light & Power Co., Ld., Kowloon.

U Sz-wing

Ü To-ting U Tung-pak Ullmann, René Michel Un Chan-fai

Underwood, Joseph Harry Un Wui-kong Urquhart, Daniel Daniel

V

Valentine, Robert Keith

Van der Myll Dekker, Adriaan

Jan Hendrik

Vandenberg, Francisco

Valeriano.....

Manager, Kitting & Co.,

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Compradore, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Assistant, Kitting & Co.,.. Marketing Assistant, Texas Co.,.......... Manager, Ullmann & Co.,

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld...................... Chemist, China Sugar Refining Co., Ld.,. Clerk, China Mining & Metal Co., Ld., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,

!

46B Bonham Road.

10 Des Voeux Road West. 46 Wyndham Street. 45 Ship Street.

15 Lundhurst Terrace. Queen's Road Central. 30 Leighton Hill Road. King Edward Hotel.

5 Tze Mee Alley.

I Gordon Terrace, Kowloon.

Mercantile Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., | 9 Queen's Gardens.

Assistant, Netherland Commercial Bank, 3 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon.

Assistant, Reiss & Co.,

47 Wyndham Street.

NAME IN FULL.

52

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

V- Continued.

Vas, Antonio Philipe... Vas, George

Vas, George Augusto Vaz, Marçal Antonio...... Vellenga, Sidney Leonard... Veness, Albert Richard... Vernon, Mark Charles Victor, João Thomé Vieira, José Maria

Vieira, José Maria Eleuterio... Vint, Robert Ivo Vis, Willem Cornelis

Constant van Romondt...

Vosper, Richard John

Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld., Clerk, Russo-Asiatic Bank,.. Clerk, Yokohama Specie Bank, Ld., Clerk, Astor House Hotel,

Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Manager, New Zealand Ins. Co., Ld.,. Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Assistaut, Cooper & Co., Assistant, Cooper & Co., Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld.,

Second Shipping Clerk, Java-China-

Japan Lijn,

Engineer, HK. Electric Co., L.,

4 Mosque Street. 4 Mosque Street. 4 Mosque Street. 4 Mosque Street.

17 Broadwood Road. 36B Nathan Road, Kowloon. 171 The Peak.

On premises.

9 Upper Mosque Terrace. 9 Upper Mosque Terrace. 37 The Peak.

13 Macdonnell Road. 98 Wanchai Road.

W

*

1

Wai Pi-wat.... Waid, John...

Walker, James McLellan

Walker, Vernon

Wallace, Alexander Munro

Duncan

Wallace, Charles

Wallace, Robert Cooper Walle, Izaak Jacobs Gerardus Waller, Lionel Alfred Wallman, Morris

Walsh, Walter Bernard Walter, John Brittan. Ward, Arthur Victor Warren, Arthur Henry Warren, Charles Edward

Waters, Albert L.

Watheson, Robert Thomas Watkin, George Henry Watkins, Harry Watt, John

Watt Iu-bung...

Wattie, Jobu

Way, Edward.

Way, Harry

Way, John Roy

·

Weall, Thomas Graham Weaser, William Lionel Wreford Webb, Bertram Monteith Webster, Arthur..... Wechel, Derk Herman te

Wei, Henry P. K. Wei Wing-hong.

Wei Wing-sam

Weir, Walter Welch, Harold

Weller, Franklin Maximilian...

Wells, Francis Arthur West, Sydney Maurice Westra, August Herman Wetton, George Ernest

Clerk, South British Insurance Co., Ld.,. Sugar Refiner, aikoo Sugar Refinery, Sub-Accountant, Chartered Bank of

I. A. & C.,

Asst., Workshop Supt.. HK. Tramway

Co., Ld.,

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Manager, Central Agency Co., Ld., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Accountant, Holland China Handels Co., Assistant, Thoresen & Co., Accountant, The Admiral Line, Passenger Agent, Admiral Line Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Accountant, Hongkong Hotel Co., Ld., Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Managing Director, C. E. Warren & Co.,

Ld.,

Mining Supt., Chas. E. Richardson, Stock Broker, Vernon & Smyth, Bar Manager, Hongkong Hotel Co., Ld., Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Chief Manager, The Hon Shing Mer-

cantile Co.,

Salesman, Alex. Ross & Co., Assistant, Reiss & Co.,

Assistant, Abdoolrahim & Co., Clerk, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Merchant, Dodwell & Co., Ld, Architect and Surveyor,

Director, Arnold Bros. & Co., Ld.,................ Electrical Engr., HK. Electric Co., Ld., Manager, Handelmatschappy

Transmarina Co.,

Director, General Commercial Co, Ld.,. Director, General Commercial Co., Ld.,... Managing Director, General Commercial

Co., Ld., ....

Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,.. Engineer, Green Island Cement Co., Ld., Manager, Sun Life Assurance Co. of

Canada,

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Employee, Java-China-Japan Lijn, Manager, H. Skott & Co.,

Prince's Building. Quarry Bay.

Bank Mess, 3 Queen's Road Central,

East Point Flats.

Ou premises.

2 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

Station Hotel.

4 Morrison Gap Road.

9 Armand Building, Kowloon. Chater Bungalow, Kowloou. On premises. Hongkong Hotel. On premises.

The Towers, Broadwood Road. On premises.

4A Des Voeux Road. Repulse Bay Hotel.

13 Chatham Road, Kowloon. North Point Installation.

62A Bonham Road. Station Hotel, Kowloon. c/o Y.M.C.A., Bridges Street. Abdoolrahim & Co. Kingsclere.

108 The Peak.

48 Nathan Road, Kowloon. Mount Davis, Pokfulam Road. C/o F. Thomason, Causeway Bay.

York Building.

9 Robinson Road, 6 Wongueichong Road.

4 Seymour Terrace, Quarry Bay. Cement Works.

23 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 37 The Peak.

On premises.

12 Broadwood Road.

HK. Electric Works Co.'s Quarters,

Wanchaj.

:

1

53.

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS.

4

W-Continued.

Weyman, AlfredJohn McKenzie Weymouth, Ralph Wells Wheeler, Allan Wheeler, Frank Thomas

Whiley, William John Grainger White, Claude Ellsworth White, Edmund William White, George Henry White, H. T.

White, Hermon John Henry... White, William Audley Jr. Whiteford, Robert Hamilton... Whiteley, William Henry...... Whyte, James...

Whyte, Lionel Mountstuart Wickersham. David Belnap

Wilcox, Alan Cyril Wilken, Eric

Wilkinson, Ernest Graham Wilkinson, Robert Andrew Wilkinson, William Josiah Wilkinson, William Robert Williams, Dudley, Llewellyn

Wynne...

Williams, F. P.

Williams, Ithel Wynn Williams, John Coldhook

Hanbury ....

Williams, William George.... Williamson, Stuart Taylor Wilson, Archibald Alfred..... Wilson, Charles Robert.... Wilson, Charles Maurice Wilson, Edgar Miles ..

Wilson, Ernest

Wilson, George

Wilson, E. H....

Wilson, Gordon Harold.... Wilson, Gordon Henry Wilson, Herbert Wilson, John

Wilson, Walter Dunbar Fiddes Wilton, Richard James Witchell, George Bernard.. Wo Shum

Wodehouse, Cyril John.. Wong Chenk-tong

Wong Kam-fuk

Wong Kwong-tin

Wong Cheuk-kwong Wong, Henry Richard

Wong, J. M., alias Wong

Mau-lam

Wong, James Nicolas Wong, Mathew

Wong

Min Wong Oi-kut

Wong,

Peter

Wong Pik-tsun Wong Ping-shun Wong Po-keung. Wong, S. K.

Wong Sheung-chau

Kingsclere.

Draughtsman, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Kowloon Docks. Principal, Ralph W. Weymouth, Assistant, Thos Cook & Son, Marine Supt., Jardine, Matheson & Co.,

Ld.,

Attorney, Standard Oil Co.,..... Assistant, Alex. Ross & Co., Assistant, Wm. Powell, Ld., Engineer, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Assistant Manager, W. R. Flatow, Re-

presentative W. R. Grace & Co.,..... Assistant Manager, HK. Hotel Co, Ld., Assistant, Vacuum Oil Co.,..... Sugar Boiler, China Sugar Refining Co.,Ld., Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,. Timekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, Wine Merchant, Donnelly & Whyte, President, American Asiatic Commer-

cial Co.,

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Assistant, HK, &. S'hai Bank, Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Overseer, HK. Land Investment Co., Ld., Clerk, HK. Land Investment Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Snowman & Co.,...

18 Des Voeux Road.

3 Canton Villas, Kowloon. Hongkong Club.

3A Orient Building, Kowloon.. Powell's Building.

Kowloon Docks.

12a Mody Road, Kowloon. Homeville, Wanchai Road. Kingsclere.

East Point Terrace. 50A Whitfield, North Point. Quarry Bay.

Mountstuart, Cheung Chau.

15 Bowen Road.

1 King's Park Building, Kowloon. Ou remises.

The Bungalow, East Point. On premises. 24 Praya East.- 25 Praya East.

3 Robinson Road.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., 55 Kennedy Road. Warehouseman, Holts' Wharf,................

Assistant, Reiss & Co., Assistant, Thos. Cook & Son,. Principal, S.T. Williamson... Secretary, Dragon Motor Car Co., Engineer, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Assistant, Reiss & Co........ Accountant, Pacific Mail S.S. Co.,. Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,.. Clerk, N. S. Moses & Co., Assistant Manager, W. R. Flatow, Re-

presentative W. R. Grace & Co.,. Merchant, Robertson Wilson & Co., Merchant, Robertson, Wilson & Co., Timekeeper, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Clerk, HK. Electric Co., Ld.,.. Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Chief Engineer, HK. Tramway Co., Ld., Engineer, W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld., Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Engineer, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Assistant, Admiral Liue,..

Compradore, HK, & K. W. & G. Co., Ld., Secretary, Kai Tak Land Investment Co.,

Ld..

Holt's Wharf, Kowloon.

72 The Peak.

18 Des Voeux Road. 139 The Peak.

6 Amai Villas, Kowloon, Tesla, Wanchai Station. 2. Queen's Gardens,

1 Prat Building, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

8 Park Road, Victoria.

12A Mody Road, Kowloon. Beaconsfield Arcade.

.. Beaconsfield Arcade.

Quarry Bay.

Asst., Union Ince. Socty, of Canton, Ld., Assist. Agent, Western Casualty Co., Ld., Manager, Chinese Dept. A. S. Watson

& Co., Ld.,

Employee, Java-China-Japan Liju, Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld.,........ Director, A. B. Moulder & Co., Ld., Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld., Sub-Manager, The Bank of Canton, Ld.,.. Compradore, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co., Manager, Asiatic Trading Co., Ld., Associate Agent, China Mail S.S. Co.,

Ld.,

Asst. Accountant, Pacific Mail S.S. Co.,

Nathan House, Kowloon. Ewo Junior Mess.

4 Broadwood Road.

6 King's Park Building. 14 Peel Street.

153 Wanchai Road. 102 Praya East.

: 11 Arbuthnot Road.

38 Robinson Road. Union Building. 75 Wuhu Street.

9 Kung Wo Terrace. 41 Elgin Street. Kowloon Docks. Kowloon.

18 Hing Hon Road, 38A Boulam Road. Des Voeux Road Central. 22 Des Voeux Road Central. 12 Robinson Road,

18 Bonham Road.

122 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

NAME IN FULL.

54

OCCUPATION.

ADDRESS..

W—Continued.

Wong Sik-kay

Wong Sui-fui

Wong Sung-ki

Wong Tak-kwong, Wong, Thomas Wong, Thomas

Wong Tse-shun

Wong Un-fong

Walter Lam

...

Compradore, Andersen, Meyer & Co., Secretary, The Hou Shing Mercantile Co., Office Assistant, Chau Yue teng, Manager, Fung Tang,

Compradore, American Express, Co.,...... Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co.,...... Compradore, American Express Co., Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co.,... Employee, Java-China-Japan Lijn, Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld., Clerk, Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co., Storekeeper, General Electric Co., Ld.,... Wontinan, Martinus Hendrick Acet., Nederlandsche Handel Maats-

Wong, William

Wong,

Wong Wing-fong

Wong Yik-chee

Woo Yuk-lun

Wood, Gerald George Wood, Ernest Marshall Woodger, Eric Geal Woolley, W. J. ... Woolley, William James Worswick, James Alexander... Wotherspoon, William Woudenberg, Gerardus

X

Xavier, Antonio Francisco Xavier, Epiphanio Maria Xavier, Faustino Antonio...... Xavier, Frederico Antonio Xavier, Gregorio Maria Xavier, Hermenegildo Maria Xavier, José Paulino..... Xavier, José Maria

Xavier, Luiz Gonzaga Xavier, Michael Antony Xavier, P. M..................... Xavier, Pedro Nolasco

Yamanoto, Y. Yates, Gordon Yates, Leonard Yeung No

Y

Yeung Wing-cheung Yew Man-tsun Yip Wai-sun

Yip Wei-man

Young, Alfred

Young, Benjamin Alfred Young, Charles Young, David........... Young, Frederick Newall Young, George Nelson ..... Young, Cyril Roe Muston.. Young, Iu Sai Young, James A. Young, Joseph

Young, Kenneth Philip. Young, Thomas

Yowkey, George Ronald

Joseph ... Jung Hin-lun........................

chappy,

Clerk, Harry Wicking & Co., Civil Engineer, Leigh & Orange, Architect, Little, Adams & Wood,.. Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Assistant, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews, Asst., Lowe, Bingham & Matthews, Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld..... Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,

Assistant, Holland China Trading Co., ...

Clerk, Goddard & Douglas, Clerk, Banque de l'Indo-Chine, Merchant, Xavier Bros. Ld., Merchant, Xavier Bros., Clerk, HK, & China Gas Co., Clerk, HK. Tramway Co., Ltd., Clerk, Chartered Bank of I., A. & C., Merchant, HK. Import & China Produce

Export Co.,......

Clerk, Banque de l'Indo-Chine, Articled, L. A. Rose, Architect,... Book-keeper, C. E. Warren & Co., Ld.,... Assistant, HK. Rope Manufacturing Co.,

Manager, Bank of Taiwan, Ld.,

Asst. Manager, Furness (Far East), Ld., Manager, Furness (Far East), Ld.,. Assistant, Gilman & Co., Ld., Clerk, Frank Smith & Co., Clerk, Kitting & Co.,

Broker, Frank Smith & Co., Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Assistant, HK. Whampoa Dock Co., Assistant, J. M. Alves & Co.,...... Sugar Refiner, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Storekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, Asst. Architect, Butterfield & Swire,. Assistant, Nippon Yusen Kaisha, Architect, Butterfield & Swire, R. H. Kotewall & Co.,................

Clerk, Percy Smith, Seth & Fleming, Accountant, Percy Smith, Seth & Fleming, Assistant, J. M. Alves & Co.,. Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Clerk, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., ............. Manager, Asia Com'l Development Co.,...

10 Staunton Street. 2 West Terrace. 37 Stanley Street. 8A Queen's Road Central. 15 l'o Hing Fong. 21 Old Bailey. On premises. On premises.

1 Shelley Street, 2nd Floor. 50 Whitfield, North Point. On premises.

29 Elgin Street, 2nd Floor.

Netherlands Trading Society. 22 Graham Street. Flywheel, Tai Po. Hongkong Club. Kowloon Docks.

3 Queen's Road Central. 3 Queen's Road Central. Queen's Building. Quarry Bay. Station Hotel.

3 Ashley Terrace, 1st Floor, K'loon. Chater Road.

16 Macdonnell Road.

16 Macdonnell Road. Gas Works, Hongkong. 3 St. Francis Yard.

6 Cameron Road, Kowloon.

113 Des Voeux Road Central. Chater Road.

16 Macdonnell Road. 11 Ashley Road, Kowloon. 21 Mosque Junction.

On premises. 173 The Peak. 173 The Peak.

2 Po Wah Street.

6 Des Voeux Road Central.

35 Robinson Road. Jubilee Street.

30 Elgin Street. Kowloon Docks.

17 Morrison Hill Road. Quarry Bay.

Quarry Bay.

2 Prat Bldgs., Hart Avenue, K'loon.

8 Mosque Terrace.

8 Carvarvon Building, Kowloon.

2 Po Wa Street.

23 Staunton Street.

23 Staunton Street.

54B Peel Street, Top Floor. Quarry Bay.

Homeville, Kowloon City. 3 Glenealy Road,

:

:

55

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

Y-Continued.

ADDRESS.

Yung Tsz-ming

Compradore, Chartered Bank of I., A.

& C..

Yvanovich, Philippe Antonio.. Assistant, J. D. Hutchison & Co., Yvanovich, Vicente Antonio..., Principal, Yvanovich & Co.,

On premises.

9 Hankow Road, Kowloon.

2 Kimberley Villas, Kowloon.

Z

Zellensky, I. A...................

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., | The Bungalow, East Point.

Registry, Supreme Court,

Hongkong, 23rd February, 1923.

H. A. NISBET,

Registrar.

?

:

:

C.S.O. 94/1912.

No. 1923.

HONGKONG.

QUARTERLY RETURN OF EXCESSES ON SUB-HEADS MET BY SAVINGS UNDER HEADS OF EXPENDITURE.

(For the 4th Quarter of 1922.)

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor on the 8th February, 1923.

Head and Sub-head of Service.

Amount.

:

C.

Explanation.

Police, Other Charges:-

Conveyance Allowance.

150.00

Arms.

3,000.00

Grant of conveyance allow- ance to Mr. J. Kerr, A.S.P.

Under-estimated.

Coolie Hire.

800.00

Do.

Furniture, Repairs and Renewals.

250.00

Do.

Identification of Criminals.

50.00

Do.

Incidental Expenses, Police Training

School.

120.00

Do.

Light and Electric Fans.

4,000.00

Do.

Photography.

500.00

Do.

Small Stores.

600.00

Do.

Hospital, Lunatic Asylum, Other Charges,

Incidental Expenses.

50.00

Do.

Sanitary Department, Other Charges, Inciden-

tal Expenses.

200.00

Do.

Public Works Establishment, Other Charges,

Conveyance Allowance.

19.00 Difference of conveyance

allowance to Mr. Baker.

Imports and Exports Department, Other

Charges:-

Motor Truck Running Expenses. Cleansing Materials and Washing.

Prison, Other Charges:

Executioners Fees.

Photography.

250.00

Under-estimated.

100.00

Do.

75.00

Do.

100.00

Do.

Head and Sub-head of Service.

Amount.

Explanation.

Supreme Court, Other Charges, Fees to Coun- sel and Solicitors for Prisoners in Capital Cases.

Sanitary Department, Other Charges:-

Compensation for Damages by Disinfec-

tion and Cleansing.

Sanitary Department, Animal Depôts and

Slaughter-houses, Motor Meat Van: Run- ning Cost.

Kowloon-Canton Railway, Other Charges, Compensation for loss or injury and other claims.

C.

250.00 Under-estimated.

100.00

Do.

400.00

Do.

107.00

Do.

Botanical and Forestry Department, Other

Charges, Hire of Motor Cars.

60.00

Do.

Kowloon-Canton Railway, Other Charges, Materials for Repairs and Renewals, Loco- motives.

2,000.00

Do.

Miscellaneous Services :-

Printing and Binding.

63.00

Do.

Blue Book, Civil Service List.

105.00

Do.

Volunteer, Other Charges

Books, Stationery, and Printing.

400.00

Do.

Fuel and Light.

400.00

Do.

Transport.

400.00

Do.

Uniform, including Boots.

800.00

Do.

Treasury, Stamp Office, Incidental Expenses.

30.00

Do.

Magistracy, Other Charges:

Electric Fans and Light.

Vehicle Hire for Summonses.

Crown Solicitor, Other Charges, Books.

Supreme Court, Other Charges, Fees to Coun- sel and Solicitors for Prisoners in Capital Cases.

Medical Department, Other Charges:-

Incidental Expenses.

Prisoners for Patients.

Washing.

40.00

Do.

40.00

Do.

10.00

Do.

300.00

Do.

70.00

Under-estimated.

4,500.00

Do.

600.00

Do.

1

{

"

ปี

£

Head and Sub-head of Service.

3

Imports and Exports Department, Other

Charges:

Amount.

Explanation.

CA

e.

Electric Fans and Light.

180.00 Under-estimated.

Incidental Expenses.

25.00

Do.

Launch Fuel.

120.00

Do.

Kerosine Oil.

15.00

Do.

Opium, Electric Fans and Light.

240.00

Do.

Opium, Fuel.

2,800.00

Do.

Opium, Packing Expenses.

1,000.00

Do.

Transport.

60.00

Do.

Uniform for Revenue Officers and Mes-

1,000.00

Da.

sengers.

Prison, Other Charges, Light.

500.00

Do.

Prison, North, Other Charges, Incidental Ex-

penses.

100.00

Do.

Police, Other Charges:-

Rent of Stations.

350.00

Do.

Rewards.

350.00

Do.

Sanitary Department, Other Charges, Laun-

ches, Steam Barges, &c., Repairs.

2,000.00

Do.

Imports and Exports Department, Other

600.00

Do.

Charges, Miscellaneous Stores.

Post Office, Other Charges:--

Cleansing Materials.

100.00

Do.

Compensation for Damaged Parcels.

50.00

Do.

Incidental Expenses, Post Office.

125.00

Do.

Radio.

· 30.00

Do.

Launch Stores.

200.00

Do.

1

Prison Department, Other Charges, Execu-

tioner's Fees.

75.00

Do.

Harbour Master's Department, Other Charges,

Electric Fans and Light.

100.00

Do.

Colonial Secretary's Office, Other Charges:

Electric Fans and Light.

31.00

Do.

Hansard Reports.

75.00

Do.

Kowloon-Canton Railway, Other Charges,

600.00

Do.

Stores.

Head and Sub-head of Service.

Police, Other Charges:

4

Amount.

Explanation.

CA-

C.

Rewards.

Transport.

1,000.00

Under-estimated.

300.00

Do.

Medical Department :----

Civil Hospital, Other Charges, Upkeep of

8.00

Do.

Piano in Sisters' Quarters.

Bacteriological Institute, Other Charges,

14.51

Do.

Fuel and Light.

Education, Other Charges:-

Electric Fans and Light.

29.49

Do.

Books.

14.89

Do.

Incidental Expenses.

233.55

Do.

Laboratory.

435.04

Do.

University Examination Fees.

60.00

Do.

Transport.

48.02

Do.

Botanical and Forestry Department, Other

100.00

Do.

Charges, Forestry, Hongkong.

Governor, Other Charges, Incidental Expenses.

100.00

Do.

Imports and Exports Department, Other

Charges:-

Incidental Expenses.

10.00

Do.

Opium, Fuel.

5.00

Do.

Opium, Packing Expenses.

40.00

Do.

Transport.

30.00

Do.

1st January, 1923.

CLAUD SEVERN,

Colonial Secretary.

).

:

.

57

C.S.O. 94/1912.

HONGKONG.

QUARTERLY RETURN OF EXCESSES ON SUB-HEADS MET BY

SAVINGS UNDER HEADS OF EXPENDITURE,

(For the 1st Quarter of 1923.)

No. 1923

4

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor on the 31st May, 1923.

Head and Sub-head of Service.

Amount.

C.

Explanation.

Public Works Establishment, Other Charges,

Conveyance Allowance.

Kowloon-Canton Railway, Locomotive, Car- riage and Wagon Department, Other Charges, Rent of Quarters for Chinese fitters.

Sanitary Department, Other Charges, Con-

veyance Allowance.

359.04 To two newly appointed

130.00

overseers.

Rent of quarters for Chinese

fitters for 6 months.

960.00 | Grant of

Public Works Establishment, Other Charges,

Conveyance Allowance.

Grant of conveyance allow- ance to certain officers of the Sanitary Department owing to the non-arrival .of motor vehicles.

22.50 Additional conveyance allow- ance to House Service In- spector for doing extra work.

Volunteer, Other Charges, Equipment and 1,000.00 Under-estimated.

Upkeep of Arms.

17th May, 1923.

A. G. M. FLETCHER,

Colonial Secretary.

79

C.S.O. 94/1912.

No. 1923

HONGKONG.

QUARTERLY RETURN OF EXCESSES ON SUB-HEADS MET BY

SAVINGS UNDER HEADS OF EXPENDITURE.

(For the 2nd Quarter of 1923.)

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor on the 26th July, 1923.

Head and Sub-head of Service.

Amount.

Explanation.

Sanitary Department, Other Charges, Bonus to Dispensary Clerks for registration of suc- cessful vaccination.

Sanitary Department, Other Charges, Pur-

chase and Maintenance of Bullocks.

Police, Other Charges, Rewards.

Sanitary Department, Other Charges, Bonus to Dispensary Clerks for registration of suc- cessful vaccination.

Police, Other Charges, Arms.

Sanitary Department, Other Charges, Ambu-

lance, Coffins, &c..

Public Works Department, Other Charges,

Conveyance Allowance.

Do.

Do.

Post Office, Other Charges, Transport.

C.

350.00 Under-estimated.

1,600.00

Do.

1,500.00 More rewards.

1,500.00 Under-estimated.

2,700.00 Payment for rifles, and Lewis guns to the Wei-hai-wei Government.

300.00 | Under-estimated.

58.00 Increase of conveyance allow- ance to the Assistant Elec- trician.

153.00 Conveyance allowance for Mr. Hall, 1st Class Over- seer (New appointment).

114.00 Conveyance allowance for Mr. Thompson, 2nd Class Overseer (New Appoint- ment).

2,000.00 Under-estimated.

Head and Sub-head of Service.

80

Amount.

Explanation.

Police, Other Charges, Rent of Stations.

$ c.

1,400.00 Payment of rent of Sham Shui Po Temporary Police Station from 1st June to 31st December at $200 per month.

Prison, Other Charges, Executioner's fees.

Medical Department, Other Charges, Apparatus

and Chemicals.

Botanical and Forestry Department, Other

Charges, Conveyance Allowance.

Post Office, Other Charges, Rent of Sham

Shui Po Post Office.

100.00 | Under-estimated.

Do.

217.00

140.00 Conveyance allowance to

Acting Superintendent.

360.00 Rent of Sham Shui Po Post

Office.

25th July, 1923.

A. G. M. FLETCHER,

Colonial Secretary.

}

3

C.S.O. 94/1912.

129

HONGKONG.

QUARTERLY RETURN OF EXCESSES ON SUB-HEADS MET BY SAVINGS UNDER HEADS OF EXPENDITURE.

(For the 3rd Quarter of 1923.)

No. 1923

11

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor on the 4th October, 1923.

Head and Sub-head of Service.

Amount.

Explanation.

Governor, Other Charges, Incidental Expenses.

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs, Other Charges,

Conveyance Allowance.

Fire Brigade, Other Charges:-

Incidental Expenses.

Electric Fans and Light.

Post Office, Other Charges, Cost of typhoon

moorings for Steam Launch.

Imports and Exports Department, Other

Charges, Conveyance Allowance.

Police, Other Charges, Rent of Stations.

Charitable Services, Transport and Subsistence

of Lunatics.

Post Office, Other Charges, Safe for Sham Shui

Po Post Office.

Military Expenditure,

Volunteer Defence

Corps, Other Charges:-

Fuel and Light.

Incidental Expenses. Conveyance Allowance.

c.

800.00 Under-estimated.

210.00 For Miss Irving.

300.00 Under-estimated.

2,000.00

Do.

500.00 Cost of 2 sets of Typhoon moorings at $250 per set for 2 Post Office Launches.

63.67 Conveyance

allowance

to

Mr. Ho Tat Sang, acting Retail Supervisor.

90.00 Payment of rent of Castle Peak Temporary Police Station from July to De- cember, 1923, at $15 per month.

200.00 Expenses for sending luna- tics to Canton for the re- maining months of the current year.

178.75 Purchase of safe for Sham

Shui Po Post Office.

400.00 Under-estimated.

300.00

60.00

Do.

to

Conveyance allowance

Mr. S. M. Westlake at $15 per month for 4 months.

Head and Sub-head of Service.

130

Amount.

Explanation.

c.

Police, Other Charges, Incidental Expenses.

Fire Brigade, Other Charges, Clothing.

Sanitary Department, Other Charges, Coolie

Labour.

Public Works Establishment, Other Charges,

Conveyance Allowance.

Do.

Botanical and Forestry Department, Other

Charges, Expenses of Collection.

Kowloon-Canton Railway, Other Charges, Locomotive, Carriage and Wagon Depart- ment, Power.

Colonial Secretary's Office, Other Charges, Uni-

form for Office Attendants and Messengers.

Public Works Establishment, Other Charges,

Conveyance Allowance.

Magistracy, Other Charges, Vehicle hire for

Summonses.

Health Officer of Port, Other Charges, Inci-

dental Expenses.

Fire Brigade, Other Charges, Clothing.

2,000.00 Under-estimated.

1,000.00

Do.

1,766.90 Typhoon of 18th August,

1923.

75.00 Conveyance allowance to Mr. L. Griffiths, 2nd Class Overseer (New Appoint- ment).

180.00 Conveyance allowance to Mr. K. M. Grist, Temporary Engineer.

600.00 Under-estimated.

2,300.00

Do.

25.00

Do.

80.00 Conveyance allowance to Mr. J. Carr, 2nd Class Over- seer (New appointment).

60.00 Under-estimated.

125.00 Payment for one steel buoy for Health Officer's Launch.

1,000.00 Under-estimated.

3rd October, 1923.

A. G. M. FLETCHER, Colonial Secretary.

1

107

HONGKONG.

No.

10

1923

REPORT OF THE HOUSING COMMISSION.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor, 4th October, 1923.

By a Notification in the Gazette of the 6th April, 1923, we were appointed by His Excellency the Governor in Council to enquire," as to what measures are possible to increase the quantity and decrease the cost of hous- ing accommodation in the Colony", and were directed to report to His Excellency the Governor our findings and recommendations at as early a date as possible.

2. Our report does not deal with 'office' accommodation, because we were subsequently informed by the Government, by letter, that the above expression, housing accommodation', was not intended to include office accommodation.

6

Terms of Reference..

Office accommoda-

tion.

careful

enquiry.

3. Although asked to report as early as possible, we have been so im- Necessity for pressed by the gravity and difficulty of the task assigned to us, and by the undesirability of arriving hastily at any decisions, that we have deemed it advisable to take ample time to prosecute our investigations.

4. Whilst we have, in the course of our enquiries, collected a consider- able mass of valuable documentary and viva voce evidence (referred to in paragraphs 5 and 6 of this Report) which has assisted us greatly in arriving at our conclusions, we have necessarily drawn to a certain extent upon our long experience of the Colony, its circumstances and its needs.

5. We annex hereto the following documents :--

Enclosure 1 containing-

(1) our circular dated the 9th April, 1923, which was sent to all the authorised architects in private practice, and to Chinese contractors and engineers in the Colony on the Government list, and which was also published in the four local English news- papers; and

(2) the answers thereto, numbered 1 to 55, for convenience of reference.

Enclosure 1A containing plans referred to in letters in Enclosure 1. Enclosure 2 containing our circular letter dated the 27th April, 1923, addressed to European firms on the subject of the housing of employees; with answers thereto, numbered 3 to 32.

Enclosure 3.-Minute (extracted from C.S.O. 3 in 364/1921) by the Hon. Mr. H. T. Jackman, dated 18/4/22, on the subject of the estimated cost of erection by the Government of lodging-houses for Chinese, together with the estimated annual expenditure thereon, and the estimated annual revenue therefrom.

Enclosure 4.-Minute (extracted from C.S.O. 1255/23) of the 6th Meeting of a Committee consisting of the late Director of Public Works Mr. T. L. Perkins, Mr. H. W. Bird and Mr. W. L. Leask on the introduction of labour-saving devices.

Enclosure 5 containing information received by the Chairman from the Buildings Office re the projected demolition and reconstruction of certain buildings.

Evidence.

Enclosures: Documents received.

Enclosure: Vicâ voce evidence.

nterviews.

Complaints from

listressed

tenants.

Cases under 4 (1) (e).

Cases under + (1) @).

Hardship of

tenauts.

108

Enclosure 6 containing cuttings from the local Press, and extract from speech of Vice-Chairman of Kowloon Residents' Association at their last annual meeting, on the subject of Reservations. Enclosure 7.-Map of Hongkong showing proposed British Reserva-

tion.

6. In addition to the above documents, we have taken the following viva voce evidence (Enclosure 8), namely:

(1) Evidence of 4 witnesses employed in His Majesty's Naval Yard. (2) Evidence of Mr. Lam Woo, contractor, on various points referred

to in the letters in Enclosure 1.

(3) Evidence of the late Mr. J. W. White, the officer then in charge of

the Buildings Office, together with certain papers he handed in. (4) Evidence of Mr. L. C. Parker Rees, Superintendent of Crown Lands, together with papers which he handed in, and also has since sent to the Chairman.

(5.) Evidence of the Hon. Mr. H. T. Jackman, Acting Director of

Public Works.

(6.) Evidence of Mr. L. G. Bird, partner in the firm of Palmer & Turner, Architects, together with letter since sent to the

Chairman.

7. We or the Chairman have also had interviews with the following gentlemen :-

(1) Father Robert, who expressed the willingness of his Mission to invest money in erecting new buildings on fresh sites, provided that cheap land could be obtained from the Government. He is in favour of the Hon. Mr. A. G. M. Fletcher's scheme for encouraging the erection of more houses, which is dealt with in para. 36 of this Report.

(2) Mr. F. P. de V. Soares on a scheme which he, in association with a number of wealthy Chinese gentlemen, submitted by letter to the Colonial Secretary, for the levelling and development of the ring of hills surrounding the Cemetery site in the centre of the Kowloon Peninsula for the purpose of building houses thereon for accommodating British, Portuguese and Chinese residents of moderate means, and also the Chinese working, classes. This scheme is again referred to in para. 37.

(3) Mr. Fred Ellis, who is interested in a scheme for the formation of a Development, Building and Savings Society. Further reference to this project will be found in para. 36.

(4) Mr. H. W. Cowling, an expert in cement-concrete structures, who

was on a visit here from Bombay.

8. The Chairman has also, with the approval of the other members of the Commission, dealt both orally and by letter with numerous applications made to him by distressed tenants who had been given notice to quit under Section 4 (1) (e) or Section 4 (1) (f) of the Rents Ordinance, 1922.

9. In all the cases falling under 4 (1) (e) the Chairman was able to assure the tenants of their right to remain where they were.

10. In some of the cases under 4 (1) (ƒ)--the clause re three months' notice to quit, on reconstruction--the Chairman had to appeal to the Hon. Acting Colonial Secretary, who worked hard in the matter, to provide the displaced tenants with other accommodation. Even, however, with such Government help, these tenants have undoubtedly suffered much hardship in many cases, not only by being turned out of their previous dwellings (some of them stated by the Building Authority to be in "good" or "fair" condition, see items in Enclosure 5, marked with a red cross), but also by being in many instances obliged to pay higher rents than before. This subject of recon- struction is again referred to in paras. 104 to 106 of this Report.

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11. For convenience of reference, all paragraphs in this Report contain- ing recommendations by us are indicated with an asterisk.

12. Having made the above preliminary remarks, we now proceed to deal with the first of the two branches of the housing question referred to us, namely:

Recommen- dations.

First branch. of Inquiry.

are:

I.--Measures for Increasing the Quantity of

Housing Accommodation.

13. This branch of our Inquiry falls broadly under 5 sub-heads which

(1) Opening up and laying out of new sites for building purposes. (2) Improvement and extension of communications with outlying

districts.

(3) Encouragement of building, and Government facilities.

(4) Utilization to best advantage of land already available.

(5) Provision of an adequate staff for the Public Works Department.

Sub-Head (1)-Opening up, etc., of New Sites for Building Purposes.

Sub-heads of

Branch I of Inquiry.

new sites.

14. This sub-head comprises the speedy opening up, laying out, level- Opening up ling and draining of large areas of land in both Hongkong Island and Kow- loon, so as to make them available for buildings.

Scarcity of available building-

15. Crown lands suitable for building houses for the various classes of the community, and already available for building on, are scarce; and we regard this scarcity as the chief preliminary obstacle to building develop and. ment. Few of the potentially available sites are marked out or measured, with the result that the all-important work of building new houses on new sites is being delayed and held up. One of the consequences of this delay is that would-be investors in landed property are necessarily driven to invest their money in schemes of reconstruction, which do not help much in increasing housing accommodation, and have, in addition, the undesirable effect of creating competition for skilled labour and building materials, which are so urgently needed for new houses on new sites.

of laying-out work, etc.

* 16. We therefore regard it as imperative for the Government to speed Speeding up up the work of laying out, marking and draining extensive areas for building, especially in the Kowloon Peninsula, which presents a vast and promising field for building development; but it is absolutely impossible for this recommendation of ours to be speedily and efficiently carried out, without the considerable increase of staff in the Survey Office which is referred to in paragraphs 57 to 60 of this Report.

* 17. We commend to the consideration of the Government the desir- ability of expediting the completion of the Praya East Reclamation by making extra payments to the contractors, such payments to be debited to the Praya East Reclamation Fund, and to be divided in proportion to the areas of the respective holdings of the marine lot-holders concerned.

Expediting Praya East Reclamation work.

Military

lands.

* 18. We also recommend that the Government bring every possible Transfer of pressure to bear on the proper Authorities to expedite the removal of the Military from the central and already levelled and drained sites in the heart of the City of Victoria and of the Kowloon Peninsula. These sites, which occupy some hundreds of acres, are vital to the residential and commercial expansion of the Colony.

Improving

and

extending

communica- tions.

Efficient transport

cheap fares,

service and

British

residents on middle levels of Island.

Peak

Tramway.

110

Sub-Head (2)-Improvement and Extension of Communications

with Outlying Districts.

* 19. As steps towards the opening up of undeveloped areas, in order to increase housing accommodation, and to ease the congestion in the crowded parts of the City, we recommend that prompt action be taken by the Government-

(1) To speed up the completion of the road from Wongneichung Gap to Repulse Bay, which will halve the distance from the City of Victoria to Repulse Bay, and will also open up good building sites between Wongneichung Gap and Repulse Bay.

(2) To push on with the projected motor-roads in the Kowloon

Peninsula.

(3) To construct as soon as possible a tramway from Stone Nullah Lane to Wanchai Gap in order to open up the Mount Cameron district which, we understand, will provide sites for some 60 separate houses. These sites should be marked out on a plan which should be published by the Public Works Department. (This neighbourhood cannot, in our opinion, be adequately dev- eloped by motor traffic, because--

(i) Many residents have not sufficient means to enable them

to keep motor cars ;

(ii) Motor traffic cannot (to quote the words of H.E, the

Governor at page 137 of the

137 of the Hongkong Hansard for 1921 with reference to this Wanchai Gap Tramway) supply the "necessary cheap and rapid transit at re- gular intervals to a central point", besides being liable to stoppage in heavy rains; and

(iii) Such a tramway will tend to relieve the Peak Tramway.

(4) To provide tram-services in Kowloon and its foothills.

(5) To encourage the extension and improvement of motor-bus services

in Hongkong, Kowloon and the New Territories.

(6) To provide improved ferry-services to both sides of the Kowloon

Peninsula, and to Cheungchau.

(7) To arrange, if possible, for a reduction of ferry-fares. If existing ferry companies cannot be induced to reduce their charges, reduction of fares should be made a condition for the renewal of current concessions, or for the grant of new concessions.

* 20. In connection with the improvement and extension of the tram, ferry and motor-bus services, we think that the Government should aim at efficiency and cheap service rather than at raising revenue.

21. As regards recommendation (3) in paragraph 19, the Commissioners see a state of affairs rapidly approaching on the middle levels of Hongkong Island, which is of a serious character from the point of view of diminishing the present accommodation available for British residents. 'Kingsclere' has recently been purchased by a Chinese syndicate with the result that some 50 to 60 British residents will shortly be rendered homeless. It seems likely, too, that other boarding-houses in the neighbourhood of Kingsclere', which are occupied mainly by British guests, will, when the Rents Ordinance lapses, cease to exist. Under these circumstances the obvious remedy is to look for outlets for building on the higher levels; and the Mount Cameron district, when opened up as suggested in paragraph 19, will be a suitable place for the purpose.

* 22. Whilst we wish to congratulate the Peak Tramway Company upon the relief to the Peak traffic afforded by the recent inauguration of several non-stop trams, we would recommend, in the interests of the dwellers on the

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middle levels, that the question be thoroughly investigated by the Govern- ment of the practicability of serving the Bowen and May Road levels by two different (covered-in) sections of moving platforms or staircases, one from the bottom Tram Station or thereabouts to Bowen Road, and the other from Bowen Road to May Road.

Sub-Head (3)--Encouragement of Building, and Government Facilities.

23. In addition to the suggestions under the head 'Measures for Decreasing the Cost of Housing Accommodation' (see paragraphs 66 to 107), we make the following recommendations.

Government facilities for housing

labourers.

* 24. The evidence before us (see paragraph 25) shows that further building labour cannot be attracted to this Colony, unless provision is made for housing such labourers at a moderate rental; and accordingly building. it is of paramount importance to secure the cheap housing of workmen engaged in the building trades. We, therefore, recommend that the Government should afford assistance to house Chinese workmen engaged in the building trades by-

(1) Granting land cheap to persons on condition that they build tene- ment-houses ready for occupation by workmen engaged in the building trades, within a period of 6 months or the shortest period practicable.

(2) Allowing to building contractors facilities for more workmen's

matsheds near the building works on which they are engaged.

(3) Allowing workmen to live on the ground-floors of Chinese tene- ment-houses which they are erecting, when the second-floor is being built, and so on (see Mr. White's evidence at page 2 in Enclosure 8 (3) ).

* 25. We also recommend that the Government build, in various districts, and rent out at cheap rents, houses for the occupation of Chinese workmen engaged in the building trades. From the answers which we have received to question: 1 (6) in our circular letter of the 9th April, 1923, (Enclosure 1), there seems to be little doubt that, if only sufficient accommodation were provided for labourers in the building trades at reasonable rents, a sufficient supply of skilled labourers for building would be willing to come into the Colony. On this point the Chinese General Chamber of Commerce say, in their letter (39) in Enclosure 1: "There is no scarcity of skilled labourers, and procuration of more such is not difficult, but the labourers in the interior of China would always hesitate before coming to Hongkong, considering the high rent and the high cost of living here. Later on in the same letter the Chamber state: "This Chamber is strongly of the opinion that the Government should be urged to build two or three hundred houses in each of the following districts, namely, Causeway Bay, Kennedy Town, Yaumati and Mongkoktsui, etc.; and also extend the tramlines so as to make them easily accessible. The Government could build these houses at a cost of $4,000 to $5,000 each, reckoning on a 5% or 6% return, each house could be let at $20 to $30 a month. Thus the middle class and the working class inhabitants in the Colony will be rescued from the hardship of paying high and excessive rent, and simultaneously the rent in the whole Colony will be restored to its normal condition. My Committee cannot too strongly emphasize the fact that this would be the only solution of the problem, and beg of their views being represented to the Government.

This view is shared by the firm of contractors Messrs. Wing Lee & Co. in their letter (35) in Enclosure 1; by contractor Chan Sing in his letter (29) by contractor Lam Woo in his letter (14); and by the Kowloon Residents' Association in their letter (41), in the same enclosure. See, too, Mr. White's evidence at page 12 in Enclosure 8 (3).

Government to build houses for housing building- labourers.

Government

facilities for

housing employees.

Employees

of European Firms.

British

employees in Naval Yard.

Housing of Government Servants.

General cheap sale of Crown land,

with

restrictions.

112

* 26. We recommend that the Government should sell land cheap and without auction to large employers of workmen for the sole purpose of housing their employees, with a condition for the forfeiture of the land to the Government if the premises are used for other purposes.

27. In this connection we invite attention to the circular dated the 27th April, 1923, which we have addressed, with the approval of the Government, to certain European firms on the subject of the housing of their employees, and the answers received thereto (Enclosure 2). From the latter it will be seen that a large number of firms have signified their readiness to assist, if afforded proper facilities by the Government.

28. Whilst on the subject of housing employees we desire to refer to the serious inadequacy of the accommodation at present provided by the Admiralty for the employees of His Majesty's Naval Yard. We have had the opportunity of taking full statements, which accompany this report (Enclosure 8(1)), from four of such employees. That evidence shows--

(1) That the Admiralty. provide quarters for only a comparatively

small number of the employees in the Naval Yard.

(2) That under a 3 years' agreement, which expired on the 31st July, 1923, the Hongkong Government allowed Dockyard employees to occupy 6 houses in Happy Valley with two floors to each house, but that such quarters were required by the Hongkong Government to be handed back for the housing of Civil Servants on the expiration of such agreement, thereby accentuating the housing difficulty for Dockyard employees referred to in (3), and compelling them to live over in Kowloon.

(3) That it is impracticable, under the present conditions of housing shortage prevailing in Hongkong, for British married Dockyard employees, apart from those referred to in paragraph (1) supra, and those housed in Togo Terrace, Kennedy Road, and in a few other favourable localities, to obtain decent accommodation near their work at a rent which is reasonable, having regard to their income and their house allowance.

(4) That in Gibraltar where there is a larger Dockyard staff than in Hongkong, the Admiralty, as far back as 1907, built quarters for their Dockyard employees, both single and married.

* 29. We recommend that the Admiralty should emulate the example of the Hongkong Government and the Military Authorities and the Gibraltar precedent by providing ample house accommodation for the employees of the Naval Yard, many of whom are now being driven, from sheer force of circumstances, across the Harbour to Kowloon, to an inconvenient distance from their work, and are incidentally competing with permanent civilian residents for available European accommodation at Kowloon.

* 30 We would also commend to the favourable consideration of the Government the question of building houses for accommodating Government servants of all races and grades, charging them a reasonable rent.

* 31. In addition to selling land cheap for erecting houses thereon for accommodating employees, we recommend that the Government should also sell land cheap, without auction, and subject to certain restrictions hereinafter mentioned, to encourage the erection of more houses for accommodating diffe- rent classes of the community at reasonable rents. There can be no doubt that the cost of Crown land is the most serious factor in connection with the cost of building in the Colony, because obviously the high cost of land inevi- tably entails both dear buildings and high rents, which tends to hold back building development, (see Mr. White's evidence at page 15 in Enclosure 8 (3)).

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* 32. What, then, is the remedy? It is obviously of no advantage to the community for the Government simply to give away land cheap to applicants unless some conditions are imposed in return by the Government for the benefit of the community, because that would simply amount to giving a present to the applicant; and would not even enure for the benefit of the tenant, because the former would naturally charge the tenant as much as he could get out of him according to the conditions of supply and demand pre- vailing at the time. We therefore recommend that (apart from special cases such as the free grant of land for erecting some deserving institution, or a cheap grant of land for the sole purpose of occupation by employees or cases under paragraphs.45 and 46) the Government do not sell land without auction below its market value, except subject to the following special conditions which are intended to serve the double purpose of preventing speculation in land, and protecting the pocket of the tenant. See also para. 35.

Conditions for selling

* 33. The conditions which we recommend should be inserted in the conditions of sale of all land sold without auction (apart from the special land cheap cases above referred to) are as follows:

(1) That, to prevent speculation in building sites, the purchaser of the lot must covenant to perform the building covenant himself. (2) That failure to carry out punctually such convenant shall in every case, except where a good excuse is shown to the satisfaction of the Governor in Council, involve forfeiture of the land, and re-entry thereon by the Government, without payment of compensation.

(3) That such original purchaser shall have no power to resell or alienate in any way until after the expiration of 7 years from the date when the buildings to be erected on the lot have been com- pleted and certified fit for occupation.

(4) That the rental to be charged by the original purchaser of the land to the tenant shall not be greater than will return to such purchaser a net 8% on his capital outlay.

Under these conditions of sale, an investor in land receives 8% interest for his money with the prospect, if the Colony continues to expand, of making, a profit at the end of the above term of 7 years; whilst, at the same time, the tenant is protected for the same period from having to pay more than a certain standard of rent.

34. We consider the above conditions (3) and (4) to be vital, because, if the Government permits new houses to be built on cheap land, without restrictions both as to alienation and as to rental, we shall in reality be catering largely for the refugees who can afford to pay high rents, and shall he working against the interests of those classes who obviously require cheap houses, namely, the British, Portuguese and Chinese residents of limited means, and the Chinese working classes.

*35. Accordingly, we think that (apart from the special cases men- tioned in paragraphs 24, 26, 36, 45, 46, 96 and 124) the Government has no right to grant land either free or cheap without receiving a definite compen- sating advantage in the shape of a covenant against resale within a certain period, and a limitation of the rent to be charged.

* 36. There is another scheme for encouraging the building of more dwelling-houses on new sites, namely, the scheme outlined by the Honourable Acting Colonial Secretary in the Legislative Council. This scheme has attractions for people with speculative instincts. Though it is to be free from the above condition 3 in paragraph 33 supra, and, as soon as the property is sold, from condition 4, it is useful from the point of view of encouraging the erection of more houses on new sites, on the 'snowball' principle. Subject, therefore, to the application to it of the above-mentioned conditions 1 and 2, and to the premia being fixed at market value, we think that the scheme may be tried simultaneously with that recommended by us in paragraphs 31 to 34,

without auction.

Conditions (3) and (4) vital.

Government only to grant land free or cheap against compensating advantage.

Mr. Fletcher's scheme for encouraging building.

Other schemes for building.

Scheme for cheap bungalows.

Common lodging houses for coolies.

Matsheds for housing labourers.

Shanghai

scheme for building

cheap houses.

Sale condi. tions of

Crown land to

stipulate minimum number of

houses to be built.

114

because both are designed to encourage more buildings. We understand that since the terms for the latter scheme were given out to the public a few weeks ago, twenty applications for erecting blocks of houses on large areas have been received by the Government, whilst over 1,000 applications to build houses have been received under Mr. Fred Elllis' scheme referred to in paragraph 7 (3).

37. We would take this opportunity of directing attention to the scheme of Mr. F. P. de V. Soares mentioned in para. 7 (2) of this Report.

38. We would also call attention to Mr. Li Ping's letter (34) in Enclo- sure 1, in which he suggests that the Government grant a certain number o- acres of land at a cheap premium and low Crown rent, for the purpose of buildf ing standardised two-storey Chinese tenement-houses for the Chinese working classes or those of moderate means, covering an area of 800 square feet each, and costing about $3,000 a house, which could accommodate 30 persons, and. for which a monthly rental of $20, exclusive of taxes, could be charged, so that each man has only to pay 70 cents a month in rent.

Mr. Li Ping sug- gests that suitable areas for the erection of such houses for workmen can be found at Wongneichung, Tai Hang, Quarry Bay and Shaukiwan on Hongkong Island, and at To Kwa Wan and Tai Shek Koo in the Kowloon Peninsula. Cheung Sha Wan seems also suitable for the purpose. (See also paragraphs 69 to 71 as to the advantage of standardization).

39. Mr. Frank Smith in his letter (51) in Enclosure 1, gives an ingenious design for the erection of Chinese tenement-houses on the Praya East Recla- mation, and works out a scheme for a tenement-flat consisting of a kitchen, a bed-room and a living room at $8 a month.

40. Letter (42) from Mr. T. Ramsay in Enclosure 1, contains useful sug- gestions as to the building of a 5-room bungalow to cost $10,500, and a 3-room bungalow to cost about $7,500, provided that 50 or more are built, to one design, of certain materials which he specifies. The Hongkong Engineer- ing & Construction Co. in letter (22) in Enclosure 1 deals with the question of erecting up-to-date 5-room bungalows with baths and sanitary conveniences. Mr. Y. Abbas in letter (30) sends a rough plan of a 4-room house, similar to one which he has built at Gindrinkers' Bay, which could be built for $5,000 to $5,500.

41. There will also be found in Enclosure 3, an interesting and detailed scheme by the Hon. Mr. H. T. Jackman for the erection by the Government, of common lodging-houses for coolies, including the supply of food for them, together with a system of inspectors for looking after them.

42. There are also suggestions in various letters in Enclosure 1, as to the erection by the Government of matsheds to allow labourers to live rent free, so as to attract them to the Colony-see letters (19), (35) and (39).

43. In his evidence (Enclosure 8 (2)) Mr. Lam Woo also mentions a scheme in vogue in Shanghai for building cheap houses. We consider, how- ever, that, as such houses are necessarily built with more flimsy materials than those required by our Buildings Ordinance, the scheme would be un- suitable to Hongkong, owing to its liability to typhoons.

* 44. In order to prevent purchasers of Crown land from building as few houses as possible, and as closely as they can, upon one side of the land purchased, and selling the remaining unbuilt-on portion for a profit, we recommend that the Government should stipulate for a minimum as well as a maximum number of houses to be erected on all Crown land to be sold in future.

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* 45. To ensure the success of efforts to encourage the building of as many dwelling-houses as would meet the present demand, we consider it desirable, in addition to granting land cheap, for the Government, in some cases, to afford financial assistance, by loans at 5%, to applicants for erecting houses for the accommodation of the following classes of persons:---

British residents of moderate means.

Portuguese and Indian residents of moderate means.

Chinese permanent residents of moderate means.

The Chinese working classes.

Such assistance, should be subject to a restriction against resale or alienation in any way for a term of 15 years, and subject to the restriction that the rent to be charged during that period is to give a net return not exceeding 8% on the capital outlay.

Government loans (I) to

build houses for tenants of moderate

means.

Government loans (II)

to persons wishing to build for

* 46. We also recommend that the Government, in addition to granting the land cheap, grant loans at 5% to such persons as are approved of by the Governor in Council, for the purpose of enabling them to build houses for their own occupation, with terms as to repayment extending over a period of 20 years, and a covenant against resale or alienation in any way during occupation. such period of 20 years.

* 47. We consider that in the past the Government has been rather lenient in dealing with delays in complying with building covenants, and we therefore recommend that, in future, the right of re-entry for breach of the building covenant be more strictly enforced. This will have the effect of speeding up building operations.

* 48. Mr. L. G. Bird in his letter in Enclosure 8 (6), suggests that, with a view to saving time, the following sections of the Buildings Ordinance, No. 1 of 1903, should be so amended as to give powers to the Director of Public Works, acting as Building Authority, to grant modifications, subject to a right of appeal to the Governor in Council by the person dissatisfied with the decision of the Building Authority:-

Sections 116 118 134 135 136 137 138 151

153 162 175 176 179 180 188 216.

This matter we recommend for consideration in connection with pend- ing amendments to the Ordinance.

* 49. Complaints having been received that applications for Crown land have not been and are not now being attended to as expeditiously as they should have been or should be, we suggest that, in future, sites applied for should be put up and sold promptly so as to encourage building enter- prises and to save the locking-up of capital. To enable the Survey Office of the Public Works Department to cope with the above work a recommendation for increasing its staff will be found in paragraphs 59 and 60.

their own

Re-entry for breach of building

Covenant.

Extension of Building authority's power under Ordinance

1. of 1903.

Prompt sale of sites applied for.

Schemes for

road-widen-

published.

* 50. Mr. Lawrence Gibbs in his letter (8) in Enclosure 1, suggests that all proposed schemes for the widening of roads should be gazetted for general ing to be information. He subsequently informed the Chairman that plans which his firm had prepared for certain houses on Robinson Road had to be re-drawn, because a scheme for the widening of that road had not been disclosed to the public. We consider that, where possible, such road-widening schemes Should be published.

Encourage-

ment to

* 51. Messrs. Palmer & Turner in letter (10) in Enclosure 1, suggest that the Governinent should give greater encouragement to pioneers by constructing pioneers all sewers and mains, and training nullahs, et cetera, at Government expense in new areas about to be developed, even when the number of houses to be

developing

new areas.

Police protection.

Sale-plans to show: (1)

dimensions

oflots.

(2) Street levels.

Making best

use of

available land.

Fenalizing

idle land suitable for building.

Adding floors to godowns. and convert- ing godowns into tene-

ments.

Guild offices and private clubs to be removed

from central situations.

Inadequacy of P.W.D. staff.

Building Office staff.

116

built is small in the first instance. We recommend that this suggestion be carried out. Amongst the et ceteras required are electric light and water. Adequate Police protection is another obvious need,

* 52. We also recommend--

(1) That, if possible, dimensions of lots to be sold by the Government should be shown on the sale-plans; (see letters (8), (35) and (54) in Enclosure 1); and

(2) That levels of adjoining streets should be shown on sale-plans as

soon after the Crown land is sold as possible.

Sub-Head (4)-Utilization to Best Advantage of Land Already Available.

53. The recommendations under this sub-head are designed to utilize to the best advantage existing available land, whether vacant or built upon.

54. We recommend--

(1) That the Government, by amendment of the Rating Ordinance, place a heavy tax on privately-owned land, not utilized in connection with any building, which is obviously suitable for building on but which is not being built upon or offered for building on.

.

(2) That encouragement be given by the Government, by loans at 5%, to owners of one-storey or two-storey godowns on adjoining lots on Praya East and Praya West to co-operate in increasing the area of land available for building tenements, by heightening the godowns on one lot to three or four storeys, thus economising godown space, and by using the adjacent lot for building a Chinese tenement-house. In other instances low godowns might be rebuilt, with such Government assistance as aforesaid, and living accommodation might be erected on the top of the godowns (see letter (16) para. 3 1) in Enclosure 1, and Mr. White's evi- dence at page 10 in Enclosure 8 (3)).

(3) That the Government should take steps to secure the removal of guild offices and the numerous small private clubs, which are only frequented at night, from the crowded parts of the City to the outskirts, as soon as sufficient new houses are built in the latter districts to accommodate them (see letter (27) in Enclosure 1). One reason in favour of such action is that, in time of disorder caused by labourers, a more effective control over the guilds and their activities can be exercised by the Government.

Sub-Head (5)--Provision of Adequate Staff for the

Public Works Department.

55. After careful enquiries we are satisfied that the. staff of the Survey Office and Buildings Office of the Public Works Department is totally inade- quate to cope with the heavy work it has to perform.

56. From the statement furnished by the late Mr. White, (attached to. Enclosure 8 (3)) it will be seen that the number of plans dealt with in the Building Office rose from an average of just over 5 a day in 1912 to 10 a day in 1922-3; and, as regards staff his evidence shows-

(1) that his Office has been carrying on with only 3 Overseers (one of whom was seconded from his proper post of Clerk of Works) instead of its proper complement of 7 Overseers (see page 6 of his evidence);

(2) that his Office required 2 Clerks of Works (ibid); and

(3) that another Assistant Engineer was also required.

117

staff.

57. An equally unsatisfactory state of affairs is revealed by the Survey Office evidence of, and the comparative statement sent in by, Mr. Parker Rees, which shows that he has now only 10 surveyors working under him as against 14 in 1914, although since that year the work of his Office has practically quadrupled (see statement attached to Enclosure 8 (4)). Mr. Rees handed in a statement dated 25th June, 1923 (attached to Enclosure 8 (4)) showing what he considered to be the proper number and arrangement of his Staff. He states (pp. 17 and 18 of Enclosure 8 (4)) that he has now only 6 European Surveyors (of whom 2 are on leave); that he requires 5 more Surveyors to enable him to get things up to date; that he gets a dozen or two applications a day for a surveyor to set up the frontage line of a house which has been pulled down; that, at the time of giving his evidence, he had 100 lease-plans in Kowloon waiting to be dealt with for people who had complied with their building covenants; and that he and his staff were doing them as quickly as they could He further states that he requires double the present number of 2 bailiffs, needing 2 in Hongkong and 2 in Kowloon, instead of one in each place (p. 19); that the survey work is double what it was in 1921 (p. 20); and that Chinese Surveyors take 3 years to train, and many of them have been transferred to other Offices in the Public Works Department (see document F attached to Enclosure 8 (4) ).

58. We are of opinion that the delays which occur in dealing with applications for Crown land and with building-plans are to a large extent due to the inadequacy of the staffs of the above two Offices, and we think that it is false economy to understaff two such important Offices which are so intimately connected with the building development of the Colony.

59. We understand from a Minute sent by the Assistant Colonial Secretary to the Chairman that in regard to the Buildings Office-

(2) 2 Assistant Engineers are being asked for from England, (one of

them to replace the late Mr. White).

(ii) 3 extra Overseers are being recruited.

* While (i) seems sufficient, (2) does not appear to us to be, and we there- fore suggest the engagement of two additional Overseers (see para. 56 supra.) in addition to the said 3 extra Overseers. (In letter (9) in Enclosure 1 Mr. R. Baker shows the importance of proper supervision of work from the point of view of both the contractor and the employer).

* We also recommend the engagement of an additional Clerk of Works (ante, para. 56).

We have not been informed as to what additions, if any, are to be made to the Survey Office Staff, and we understand that the matter is now under the consideration of the Government.

Delays due to staff shortage.

Proposed additions to Building Office Staff.

Survey Office

Staff.

assistance

suggested.

* 60. In the meantime, to meet the present urgent demand of the public Temary for the speedier marking out of building sites and the quicker passing of plans, we suggest that the Government should, forthwith, endeavour to engage the services for a period of 12 months, of a temporary Engineering and Survey staff from the local Naval and Military Forces.

Steno-

graphers for Building

D.P.W.

* 61. We also recommend that a person combining the qualifications of stenographer and typist be engaged for the Buildings Office as, in the opinion of Mr. White, the services of such a person would materially lighten the daily Office and work of the Officer in charge of that Office, effecting an economy of 1 hours a day.

We also recommend that a similarly qualified person be engaged for work in the office of the Director of Public Works as the Chairman understood from the Hon. Mr. Jackman that such an engagement would save much time.

* 62. Mr. Parker Rees, in his evidence, stated that many of his surveyors have from time to time been transferred to the engineering branch of the Public Works Department, to the detriment of the efficient working of the

Transfer of

surveyors.

Salary of surveyor as compared

with that of engineer.

Power of Superinten- dent of

Crown Lands.

Separate Survey Dept.

Second branch of inquiry.

118

Survey Office (see document attached to Enclosure 8 (4)). We are of the opinion that such transfers should, as far as possible, be avoided, if not altogether stopped, for it is obviously hard on an office to have now and again one of its officers taken away just as he is fully getting into his work. Moreover his transfer to another office must necessarily involve some waste of time in getting into the routine of his new duties.

63. Mr. Parker Rees stated that the main reason for surveyors seeking such transfers is that the salaries of engineers are higher than those of surveyors of corresponding grades. He expressed the opinion (see pages 30, 31 and 32 of his evidence in Enclosure 8 (4), and statement attached thereto) that a surveyor should receive as much as an engineer, because that would stop the constant and inconvenient transfers complained of. He also sub- mitted a comparative statement (attached to Enclosure 8 (4)) of the salaries of surveyors and engineers respectively in Ceylon and the Federated Malay States. This matter is one for the Government and not for the Com- missioners to deal with.

*64. We recommend the adoption of Mr. Parker Rees' suggestion that the Superintendent of Crown Lands be given the same power as an Assistant Director of Public Works to communicate with the Colonial Secretary direct, as for and on behalf of the Director of Public Works. By so doing much circumlocution will be avoided, and he will be more directly responsible for the work of his own branch being carried on with speed and diligence. We would add that in the Federated Malay States and Ceylon the Survey Department seems to be distinct and separate from the Public Works Department, and we think that the Government should con- sider the advisability of creating a separate Survey Department in the Colony, as tending to fix responsibility and to the speedier dealing with applications for land.

65. We now proceed to consider the second branch of our Inquiry, namely :--

Sub-heads

of branch II of Inquiry.

High cost of land causes high rent.

II.-Measures for Decreasing the Cost of Housing Accommodation.

66. This branch is dealt with under the following 3 sub-heads :---

(1) Cost of land.

(2) Cost of house-building:

(a) Constructional.

(b) Materials.

(3) Measures for decreasing rental.

Sub-Head (1)-Cost of Land.

67. As stated in para. 31, under Branch I of our Inquiry, the cost of Crown land is the most serious factor in connection with the cost of building in the Colony. It is also clear that one cardinal factor for securing the desired reduction in the cost of housing accommodation must be the prevention of building sites being made the subject of speculation, by restrictions against alienation; for it is obvious that the higher the price of the site, the greater must be the cost of the completed whole-the land plus the building, and consequently the higher must be the rent which the tenant has to pay.

In paras. 31 to 34 we have made recommendations on this subject.

}

119

Sub-Head (2) - Cost of House-Building: (a.) Constructional.

68. The recommendations under this sub-head are in most cases based on suggestions made in the letters contained in Enclosure 1. There are other suggestions in that enclosure which we have discarded as being either impracticable or inadvisable.

69. The consensus of opinions, in which we concur, expressed in the various letters in Enclosure 1, is that the standardisation of the designs for houses will reduce the cost of buildings, and will render the work of the Buildings Office in examining plans much lighter. This opinion is shared by Mr. Jackman, Mr. White and Mr. Lam Woo (see their statements in Enclosures 8 (5), (3) and (2) respectively).

* 70. With the view of arriving at a good standard type of house suitable for accommodating the Chinese working classes, we make the following recommendations:-

(1) That the Government invite from the Public designs for standard

types of houses for the Chinese working classes, divided into-

Class 1.-Reinforced concrete houses of two, three and four

storeys.

Class 2.-Brick houses of two, three and four storeys.

Such designs must be accompanied with sufficient details to explain the construction, and with an accurate estimate of the cost, exclusive of foundations.

Suggestions received.

Standardisa-

tion of houses.

Designs of standard types of houses to be invited.

Prizes for accepted

(2) That the Government offer 4 prizes for the accepted designs,

namely, a first prize of $2,500 in each class, and a second prize designs. of $1,000 in each class.

(3) That the successful competitors be required to build a block of houses specified in their accepted designs, in order to check any wrong estimating of the cost of building, and at the same time. to give to the successful competitors the opportunity of showing that their plans will successfully stand the test of actual application.

.

71. In making these recommendations we are influenced by the fact that a standard design (a print of which, with Bills of Quantities, should be supplied, on application, by the Public Works Department) must lead to cheapness of erection, inasmuch as it will enable contractors to know exactly what is required. This will obviate the present natural tendency of con- tractors to add a considerable sum to their tenders to cover the cost of contingencies, and will also standardise the materials to be used in each class, thus further aiding in cheapening the cost of building. The letters recommending the standardising of designs of houses are (22), (34), (39), (41), (42) and (13); and the use of standardised fixtures and fittings are (10), (36), (42), (43) and (51) in Enclosure 1.

72. Various suggestions for designing and building cheap houses are referred to above in paras. 25 and 38 to 41.

* 73. As regards the standardisation of fixtures and fittings for houses,

we recommend-

(1) That, as far as possible, the sizes of doors and windows be standardised, and so lead to standard-sized openings and frames and glazing fittings, thus saving time, labour and material-(see letters (24) (35) and (36) in Enclosure 1).

(2) That encouragement should be given by architects, contractors and house-builders to locally-made fittings, such as brass bolts, casement stays, grip-handles, etc., which can be produced satis- factorily in this Colony according to letter (10) in Enclosure 1.

Successful competitor to have right to build ou his design.

Reasons for

type houses.

Cheap houses

Standardisa- tion of fixtures, &c.

Height of buildings in rural districts.

Concrete- blocks and hollow walls.

Thickness of short walls.

Thickness of

wall in

Shanghai

as compared

with

Hongkong.

Materials for walls in rural districts.

Workmen to occupy house

in course of construction.

Supply of skilled labour.

Effect of guilds on labour.

Tribunal for labour disputes.

120

* 74. We also recommend that the present restriction on the height of buildings in rural districts to 35 feet be removed, subject to the Building Authority retaining the right to object to the design or external appearance of the building (see letter (8) in Enclosure 1, and evidence of Mr. Jackman and Mr. White in Enclosures 8 (5) and (3) respectively).

* 75. In letter (3) in Enclosure 1, it is suggested that concrete-blocks with a hollow space in them, can be fitted together with much less labour than ordinary bricks, and the cheapness, dryness and coolness of hollow external walls are emphasized in letter (22) in the same enclosure. Upon this question of hollow walls, Mr. Jackman and Mr. White were of the opinion that there was no objection to such hollow walls, if they were properly sealed with cement-concrete. We recommend that the matter be carefully gone into by the Public Works Department.

* 76. In letter (8) in Enclosure 1, the suggestion is made that walls of short length and built in cement mortar may safely be of less thickness than is at present required by law. Mr. Jackman and Mr. White concurred in this view, which we support.

77. Mr. Lam Woo in his evidence (Enclosure 8 (2)) pointed out that in Shanghai a less thickness of wall is required than in Hongkong, but the Acting Director of Public Works seemed to think that severer condi- tions of wind and weather exist in Hongkong than in Shanghai, and conse- quently the greater thickness was desirable here. We concur in the latter

view.

78. It is suggested in letter (24) in Enclosure 1, that for one-storey and two-storey houses in rural districts a mixture of cement, lime and decomposed granite might be allowed for walls; and Mr. White agreed, but added that, in such a case, proper supervision would be required during construction.

79. The question of allowing workmen to occupy the ground-floor of Chinese tenement-houses when the building is erected up to the second-floor, so as to speed up the building operation and save some rents, is dealt with in para. 24 (3).

80. The question of securing an adequate supply of skilled labour for the building trade is important, because it affects not only the building development of the Colony, but also the cost of buildings. In paras. 24 and 25 we have made recommendations with the view of obtaining a sufficient supply of such labourers by providing them with sufficient and cheap housing accommodation.

81. One of the most serious obstacles to the supply of labour appears to be the large entrance-fees demanded of new members by some of the local guilds, thus de barring newcomers from the country (see letter (10) in Enclosure 1). We may add that it is stated in letter (40) that labour obtain- ed from the guilds is considerably dearer than that from outside sources. The influence of guilds on the building development of the Colony is also referred to in letters (24) and (41).

* 82. We strongly urge the Government, in the interests of all branches of trade in this Colony, to pass a law for the reference to a strong and inde- pendent tribunal, with one representative of the employers and one represen- tative of the workmen as assessors, of all disputes in this Colony relating to wages to be paid to workmen, hours of employment and holidays. Such a law is clearly desirable in the interests of workmen, no less than in those of employers, for it is of the utmost importance to the former to know that they have a definite tribunal to which they can appeal with the full certainty of their grievances being gone into without delay and without any cessation of wages such as is involved in a strike. In the course of his Report for the year 1922, the Secretary for Chinese Affairs remarks (at page 13): "The general strike was largely a matter of the intimidation of willing workers".

1

>

121

Mr. Hallifax advocates as a remedy the establishment of an Employers Federation; but while we agree that the formation of such a federation may be desirable, we think that an arbitration tribunal as recommended by us, should be established, and that a Judge of the Supreme Court should be given power to enforce the decisions of the tribunal.

* 83. It would seem desirable to establish a trade school to teach boys carpentry, masonry, and other branches of the building trade. The indus- trial school which, we understand, Sir Robert Ho Tung and several Chinese gentlemen are contemplating should prove an ideal institution for the purpose.

* 84. In letters (10) and (24) in Enclosure 1, it is suggested that the Government should grant permission to contractors to obtain stone, sand and earth from places as near as possible to the building works. We commend this suggestion to the consideration of the Government.

Training boys in carpentry, &c.

Permission to obtain stone, sand and

earth.

Detailed

be furnished to contractors

*85. We recommend that local architects furnish their contractors with sufficiently detailed drawings of the work to be done, at as early a stage of the drawings to building work as possible, by which much time will be saved, and structural alterations will be obviated. In this connection we would call attention to letters (9) and (40) in Enclosure 1, and to the evidence of Mr. L. G. Bird and Mr. Lam Woo in Enclosures 8 (6) and 8 (2) respectively.

* 86. Architects could also help contractors by advising them as to what amount of materials is required, and when they should be ordered and delivered (see letter (9) in Enclosure 1).

* 87. It is also our opinion that, if contractors are paid more promptly, the cost of building contracts will appreciably be reduced, (see letter (9) para. 10, in Enclosure 1). A fair allowance should also be made to contractors for materials on the ground.-(Ibid. See, too, letter (30) ).

early.

Advice to

contractors,

Prompt

payment of contractors.

required of

contractors..

* 88. In letter (9) in Enclosure 1, it is stated that unnecessarily heavy Securities security is required from contractors by persons building houses, with the result that contractors have to provide for this item in preparing their tenders. Mr. Lam Woo also complained that securities are required from contractors when permits are issued to them for erecting scaffoldings, mat- sheds, etc.; and as this would tie up a great deal of money, which a small contractor can ill afford to have so employed, the cost of building is indirectly increased by reason of the fact that such contractors have to protect themselves by making their tenders higher. Mr. White informed us in his evidence that the system of security was introduced in order to exercise a better control over the contractors; but, in view of the existing high cost of building, we advise that, instead of requiring the con- tractors to put up securities in such cases, a prosecution should be instituted against any contractor who commits an offence.

89. In letters (10), (24), (30), (35) and (40) in Enclosure 1, the greater Labour-saving employment of labour-saving machines or devices is advocated as being the appliances. means of minimising the cost of buildings. The appliances, etc., mentioned in these letters are-

Pneumatic Rock-Drills.

Mechanical Stone-Crushers.

Rock-Cutting Machines.

Concrete Mixers.

Electrically-driven Portable Wood-Workers.

Floor-Planing and Sanding Machines.

Steam Pile-Drivers.

There is no doubt that a wider use of such appliances will have the desired result in the case of big undertakings, and that the use of the first three in quarries would save inuch time and labour. In letter (30) it is stated that gravel-crushers effect a saving of at least 30%.

Light

railways and motor-lorries.

More lighters and tugs

recom-

mended.

Junks

discharging materials at night.

Employment of middle-

men.

Re-letting

of whole contract.

Storage of materials landed from junks.

More wharves for landing

materials

Big supply

depôts.

Site for supply depôts

Cement- bricks.

122

* 90. In letter (22) the use of light railways for conveying materials is suggested. In letters (22) and (41) the suggestion is made that motor-lorries should be substituted for push-carts as much as possible. We endorse this suggestion, which was supported by Mr. Jackman and Mr. White, and we hope that a company may be formed for the hiring out of motor-lorries.

* 91. We agree with the suggestion in letter (24) that more lighters are required, and we recommend the provision of a suitable service of tugs.

* 92. There is a suggestion (letter (35) in Enclosure 1) that time would be saved if junks were allowed to discharge their cargoes of building materials at night; and we suggest that the point be referred to the Captain Superintendent of Police and the Harbour Master for consideration as to whether the desired permission might be allowed under supervision.

* 93. In our circular letter of the 9th April, 1923, addressed to architects, contractors and others, we ask whether the number of middlemen can be re- duced. The general opinion is that it is impracticable to do away with middlemen in the building of houses; and we accept this view after careful enquiries. At the same time we are strongly of opinion that the re-letting of a whole contract should be forbidden by-law, as the practice tends to increase the cost of buildings-see letter (24) in Enclosure 1, and the evidence of Mr. Jackman, Mr. White and Mr. Lam Woo in Enclosures 8 (5) (3) and (2) respectively.

* 94. We are of opinion that land for the storage of building materials from junks should, wherever available, be granted by the Government as near to the scene of operations as possible-see letters (10), (19), (24), (29), (35) and (40) in Enclosure 1, the evidence of Mr. Jackman, Mr. White and Mr. Lam Woo, and also Enclosure 4.

* 95. We also consider that there should be more wharves on the Praya for the landing of materials-see letters (14), (35) and (39). Mr. Jackman informed us that the matter was being enquired into by the Government (Enclosure 8 (5)).

Sub-Head (2)-Cost of House-Building: (b) Materials.

* 96. We commend to the favourable consideration of contractors, with a view to saving expense in building, the following suggestion for big supply depôts, which is made in a leading article in the South China Morning Post of the 11th April, 1923-

"Instead of innumerable contractors with their own work-yards, plant and storage, we could have one or more contractors' supply firms, stocking timber, cement, steel, bricks and stone, and providing motor truck delivery of finished products as far as possible. The contractor is then left with no overhead cost, except his office and desk, and no function except to supply the labour A big supply yard would have frame saws, and granite cutters, and might enter upon mass production of bricks with imported clay. Here is room for a considerable saving of expense

""

* We agree with another suggestion in the same article that the Govern- ment should be generous in its terms for granting a site for the above purpose, subject to proper guarantees being given by the lessees.

97. The use of cement-bricks is advocated in letter (24) in Enclosure 1, and we consider that such cement-bricks should be extensively tried, more especially as we understand that they do not cost more than ordinary red- bricks. We are informed that these bricks have passed satisfactory tests, and are to be used for the houses of the Kowloon Tong Company.

123

* 98. Suggestions that the Government should encourage the manufac- ture of bricks, tiles and lime in the New Territories, and that investigation of suitable clays for brick-making be made by the Government, are made in letters (10), (23), (24), (27), (30), (31), (32), (35), (39), (41) and (49) in Enclo- Sure 1. We support these suggestions.

99. In letter (30) it is stated that if a lime-kiln is built at Tsun Wan, lime can be produced by piece work at about 30% below market price.

* 100. We agree with the writer of letter (23) in Enclosure I, that the Government should encourage the growing of bamboos and fir-trees in the New Territories, as these two articles are extensively used for scaffolding.

101. Cast reinforced concrete for doors and window-frames is suggested in letter (24) in Enclosure 1, and Mr. Lam Woo supports the suggestion. Steel frames for windows are recommended in letters (10) and (36) in Enclo- sure 1, and also by the Committee on Labour-Saving Devices (Enclosure 4).

That Committee also recommended-

(1) Decollite laid on concrete for flooring, as being cheaper than

timber, especially in offices, lavatories and verandahs;

(2) Terrazzo as a substitute for tiling; and

(3) Beaver woods for ceilings, as being an excellent substitute

for China Fir or Teak.

102. In letter (24) in Enclosure 1, it is suggested, and the suggestion was confirmed by Mr. Lam Woo, that rain-water pipes in cast-cement are cheaper than cast-iron pipes.

Sub-Head (3)-Measures for Decreasing Rental.

* 103. In addition to our recommendations in paras. 33 to 35 for the restriction of rents by conditions of sale, where land is sold by the Govern- ment cheap and without auction, we are clearly of the opinion that the Rents Ordinance should be continued until such time as the supply of houses meets the demand, and until the state of affairs in the neighbouring Provinces of China is sufficiently settled to put an end to the periodical large influxes of Chinese refugees from China to Hongkong.

*104. We also consider that the Government should forbid by legislation the demolition and reconstruction of houses which are stated by the Building Authority to be in either good or fair condition, because we consider it both inequitable and unjust to the tenants for the Government to allow their eviction from premises which are in good or fair condition, and because also of the following reasons: -

(1) Such eviction of tenants throws au extra demand on such premises as may be vacant, with the result that the tenant in many cases is forced to pay a larger rent for his accommodation; and (2) Such reconstruction must tend, by competition for skilled labour and building materials, to increase the cost of erecting new build- ings upon land which has not been previously built upon.

105. Instances of the threatened eviction of tenants from premises which are reported by, the Building Authority to be in either good or fair condition appear from the items marked with a red cross, in Enclosure 5. In this connection we also invite attention to letters (5) and (27) in Enclosure 1.

Manufacture

of bricks. tiles and lime.

Lime-kiln suggested at Tsun Wan.

Growing of bamboo and

fir-trees.

Cast

reinfort

concrete

doors, &c.

Decollite for flooring, etc.

Cast-cement rain-water pipes.

Continuation of Rents Ordinance

recom-

mended.

Legislation to check demolition

recom-

mendi.

Concrete

cases of

ejectment from houses in good or fair

condition.

Old houses

not affected.

Housing of employees.

Reservations.

Opinions of Commission- ers on Re- servations.

Reasons for reservations.

124

106. The proposal in paragraph 105, if adopted, would in no way delay the demolition and reconstruction of houses which are so old or dilapidated as to require reconstruction.

107. The housing of employees, already dealt with under Branch I, paragraph 27, will also tend to diminish rents, not merely by providing more houses but also by diminishing the number of people who are at present obliged to compete for houses to live in.

108. There is now only one aspect of the problem left to be dealt with by us. It is the question of how best to protect the various classes of the community from being, as they have been in the past, forced out of certain parts of the Colony, in which they have for years been residing, by economic pressure from outside.

109. It is the opinion of the Chairman and Mr. Bailey that the only means of attaining the desired result is the creation of reservations for all see- tions of the community; and the views and recommendations contained in the following paragraphs relative to the subject are their views and recommenda- tions. Mr. Kotewall, recognising that the question is not one of racial discri- mination, and that, like the British residents, the Chinese and Portuguese permanent residents of the middle and working classes have suffered severely from the economic pressure caused by periodic influxes from the neighbour- ing Provinces, agrees to the principle of Reservations for British residents and for those Chinese permanent residents and residents of other races, who desire such Reservations.

*

Mr. Kotewall, however, considers that the area comprising the Kowloon foothills together with the hills behind as marked green in Enclosure 7, which is recommended in para. 121 for an European reservation, is far too large for the purpose. In para. 118 the Government is already asked to reserve for the same purpose "the whole of the foothills surrounding and forming part of King's Park on the West, North and East side, and also the hilly area immediately adjoining such foothills; and it is believed that fully 100 houses, with garden space around them, could be erected on this amphi- theatre. Even if the eastern side of the area were required for Military Officers' quarters (ride para. 120), the remaining portion thereof would still seem to be sufficient to accommodate nearly all the British residents who have recently been or will soon be dislodged from their houses. Those who cannot be accommodated in this area could then go to the Kowloon foot- hills. But the area of the latter which is recommended to be reserved for the purpose is, to Mr. Kotewall's mind, unnecessarily large--larger, it appears from the map, than the whole of the developed portion of the Kowloon Peninsula which has taken about 80 years to reach its present size and prosperity. The total British population of the Colony, according to the Census taken in April, 1921, is about 8,000, the majority of whom are already fairly well housed in different parts of the Colony; and judging by the rate at which that population has grown during the last two decades, it seems unlikely that in the next two decades or so it would increase greatly out of proportion to the past rate, or to such a number as would actually need the enormous area proposed to be reserved for them. Apart from other considerations, it is economically unsound to detach a vast area of good building land from a locality which is rapidly developing, and to set it aside in order to meet the needs of a section of the community who requires only a very small portion of it for a long time to come. Mr. Kotewall is therefore of the opinion that only such an area in that locality as will adequately meet the present needs of the British residents, should be reserved for them, with a reasonable margin of land allowed for recreation- grounds and for future expansion.

* 110. The question of the setting aside of reservations for different sections of the community has received the most anxious consideration of the Commissioners; and they are of opinion, after carefully studying the very special circumstances prevailing in this Colony, including its proximity to the

125

teeming populations of the adjacent disturbed provinces, who in times of disorder in China flock down to Hongkong in tens of thousands, that it is the bounden duty of the Government to make reservations, by means of demarcations of areas and special conditions of sale, in such areas for (

(a) British residents, and (b) permanent residents of other races respectively. (See also paragraphs 123 and 124).

111. As regards the British residents in the Kowloon Peninsula, the need for measures being urgently taken by the Government is manifest. The Sou- thern portion of the Peninsula, which up to about 10 years ago was happily free from the attentions of the land speculator, has lately been passing through a severe land boom which, unfortunately for the general body of tenants, who in the long run are the sufferers, still continues. The result of this boom has been that the properties in what is the centre of the district mainly inha- bited by Europeans, have in the course of the last two years soared from about 2 dollars to over 7 dollars a square foot on sale prices; and at Yaumati to an even greater height.

* 112. This boom price of land in Kowloon forms a sharp contrast to the Hill Districts on the Island of Hongkong where land is being put up to auction by the Government at 12 cents a square foot, and where it is the custom for the applicant for the land not to be bid against, (a custom which we recom- mend the Government to convert into a fixed and immutable fact by selling land in future in the Hill District to the first applicant without any auction whatever, because he has in most cases been to some trouble and expense in selecting the site).

113. The recent huge sale prices of land at Tsimshatsui where British residents have been accustomed to live for years past, and at Yaumati where Chinese residents of the middle and working classes make their homes, must be regarded as a positive disaster to the tenants; and this situation calls for immediate and drastic action on the part of the Government, in order to protect permanent residents who, surely, have the right in a British Colony to expect decent housing accommodation at a rent which bears some reason- able proportion to their incomes, and to be protected from the economic and other consequences caused by the influx into the Colony of tens of thousands of Chinese from the mainland.

114. The question of the necessity of making European reservations has been pressed upon the Government by leading articles in all the four British newspapers in this Colony, and also in the speech of the Vice-Chairman at the last Annual General Meeting of the Kowloon Residents' Association see Enclosure 6 containing printed extracts from those articles and that speech); and it has been shown that the question is not a racial question. It is primarily an economic question, but it is also one involving the health and reasonable comfort of Europeans living in a climate which is hot and trying in the summer.

115. European Reservations are also advocated in letters (38), (40) and (42) in Enclosure 1.

A side argument in favour of European Reservations is that, in times of strike or other internal commotions, an aggregation of British residents in one district renders it easier for them to take common action for the defence of the whole community against disorders.

* 116. We feel that such reservations are more especially necessary in Kowloon on economic grounds, having regard to the fact that the British residents in the Peninsula are, generally speaking, less wealthy and consequently less able to pay a high rent than those who live in the Hill District.

117. The position of affairs as regards housing accommodation for British residents at Kowloon is one of great gravity, because wealthy Chinese have bought up, during the last few months, at high prices, several rows of build- ings, situate in the District between Nathan Road on the West and Chatham

#

King's Park Reservation.

126

Road on the East (until recently regarded as a quasi-European Reservation and still largely occupied by Europeans), and there is a probability that yet further purchases will be made in the same District for the housing of refugees from China. Moreover the demand on housing accommodation in Kowloon has recently been considerably increased by the recent compul- sory removal (owing to housing shortage) from the Island of Hongkong to Kowloon-

(1) of married employees in H. M. Naval Yard.

(2) of Portuguese from Belilios Terrace and elsewhere and their

families.

118. The Chairman and Mr. Bailey, atter carefully exploring the whole of the Kowloon lands to the south of the range of hills behind the Kowloon Peninsula, have come, without any doubt whatever, to the conclusion that the Government ought, under the circumstances above detailed, to reserve as an European Reservation (subject to the Military requirements referred to in paragraph 120) the whole of the foothills surrounding and forming part of King's Park on the West, North and East side, and also the hilly area immediately adjoining such foothills, which adjoining area is situate between King's Park and the Railway on the East and between King's Park and Nathan Road on the West. Mr. Bailey and the Chairman have carefully gone over this land, and have come to the emphatic conclusion that this is an absolutely ideal site for the purpose suggested, and they have no hesitation whatever in recommending to the Government that it be used for building residences for those of British Race, that the land be sold without auction at a cheap price to applicants approved of by the Governor in Council, and that the conditions of sale require that the buildings to be erected shall only be occupied by and sold to such persons of British race as are approved of by the Governor in Council. It is difficult, without a survey, to estimate exactly how many houses could be built, with garden space around them, on the hilly amphitheatre referred to, but it is believed that fully, 100 honses could be erected.

119. The suggestion which is being made as to a portion of the foothills of King's Park being used for residential purposes is not a new one, and has even in the past been advocated by the Government, as appears from the fol- lowing extract from the Report of Proceedings of the Public Works Committee, consisting of the Director of Public Works (Mr. W. Chatham), the Colonial Treasurer (Mr. R. O. Hutchison) Mr. Pollock, Mr. Lau Chu-pak, Mr. Ho Fook, Mr. E. V. D. Parr, and Mr. S. H. Dodwell, held in the Council Chamber on the 5th February, 1920:-

"As regards European houses, provision had been made in the current year's Estimates for the erection of a number of such houses on that portion of King's Park which lies to the eastward of the Rifle Range. The area in question was at present waste land, being covered with trees and undergrowth. The houses were intended, primarily, for the accommodation of members of the Civil Service or of the Naval and Military Establishments. After discussing various suggestions, the Committee unanimously agreed to recommend that, in order to provide additional sites for European houses, the Rifle Range should be removed and the slopes of the hills bounding King's Park and also any portions of the Park itself, in addition to that already referred to, which are not utilized in connection with the Golf Course, should be rendered accessible by roads and disposed of as building sites."

* 120. We have recently received information that there is some likelihood that the eastern side of the range of hills encircling King's Park, i.e.the side next to the Railway, may be required for quarters for the Officers of the Regiment, to be stationed at Gun Club Hill and their wives. Whilst fully recognizing that the Military have first claim we would most strongly recom- mend the Government to now reserve the Western and Northern part of such circle of hills for British civilian residents in the manner suggested above,

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of

* 121. Moreover, in order to secure the future housing of persons British race we recommend that the Government, in addition to the measures suggested in paragraphs 118 and 120 of this Report, do mark out as an European Reservation, and develope to the fullest possible extent for occu- pation by British Residents, the Kowloon foothills together with the hills behind, which are marked green on the plan of the Colony (Enclosure No. 7). We recommend that the section within the red dotted lines be developed first by the Government, seeing that this section contains a tract of land, at a height of 50 to 450 feet above sea level, the eastern portion of which is capable of easy development and laying out for building purposes. In fact a part of such eastern portion was formerly suggested by the Government as a suitable site for the Kowloon Hospital. Any such Reservations would, of course, be subject to any rights of any present owners of land.

* 122. In order, however, that building may be encouraged to the full, in the section within the red dotted lines, and that a successful British settle- ment may grow up, we recommend that the Government take all the follow- ing essential steps, as promptly as is practicable :-

(1) Adopt the advice contained in paragraph 51 as to the development

by the Government of new areas, namely:-

"To give greater encouragement to pioneers by constructing roads, sewers, mains, training of nullahs, et cetera, at Government expense in new areas, even when the num- ber of houses to be built is small in the first instance." Amongst the etceteras required are electric light and water. Adequate Police Protection is another obvious need.

(2) Mark out promptly, and publish particulars of, the dimensions of

lots which are available for building.

(3) Sell such lots at a cheap rate, without auction, for occupation

by persons of British race.

(4) Encourage private persons approved of by the Governor in Council. to build for their own occupation upon the terms set out in paragraph 46 of this Report.

(5) Encourage by easy terms firms and companies located in Kowloon to build houses for their British employees upon the higher levels, on the principle of the Taikoo buildings in the gap above Quarry Bay.

(6) If houses are in future required for Government Servants stationed

at Kowloon, build such houses within the area in question.

(7) Encourage cheap and efficient transport by motor bus and ferry to

Kowloon City.

(8) Construct a through tram from the Star Ferry to 450 feet above sea-level, with its terminus at some convenient spot in the black lines section shown in Enclosure 7, with an adequate service of trams, including some non-stop trams, at certain hours of the day.

* 123. We desire to add that we are in favour of reservations all round for any races, Chinese, Portuguese, Indians and others desiring such reservations, and preferring to live amongst their own people; and the above conditions 1, 2, 3, and 4 in paragraph 122 should apply, mutatis mutandis, to such Reserva- tions also.

*124. We accordingly recommend that the Government should, in rural districts, grant land, as reservations, at a cheap rate without auction to permanent residents of all races who desire to live among their own kind with a clause to restrain resale or alienation to persons not of the same race.

Reservation of Kowloon Foothills and hills.

Prompt Development of Kowloon foothills

necessary.

Commission- ers favour reservations all round.

1

Encourage. ment of co-

operative building.

Concluding remarks.

Acknowledg-

ments.

Tribute of respect.

128

125. In this connection we would point out that the Chinese have already shown an inclination to live by themselves in the rural districts of the Colony, as may be instanced the projected settlement for Chinese initiated by the Honourable Mr. Chow Shou-son and others near Deep Water Bay; the large settlement of Chinese gentlemen that is being carried out on the lower part of Stubbs Road; and many other Chinese settlements in rural districts, both present and projected.

* 126. The Portuguese also are to be congratulated upon the success of their settlement at Ho Mun Tin, and we hope that the Government will encourage similar schemes of co-operative building on their part, and-on the part of others.

127. Having now dealt with all the points that seemed to us to have. important bearings on this grave housing problem, it only remains for us to say that whilst it is conceivable that the transfer of the military to less centrally situated land and the completion of the Praya East Reclamation may bring a measure of relief after an interval of some years, we regard it as the duty of the Government to deal vigorously and at once with the present housing shortage, more especially as we find ourselves unable to take the optimistic view that, after so many years of unrest, the neighbouring provinces of China are likely within a short period of time to settle down to such an extent as to relieve this Colony of the stupendous task of housing tens of thousands of Chinese refugees who periodically flock into the Colony from the mainland of China. Furthermore, even if that great desideratum for the trade of this Colony as well as of Kwangtung--a strong and stable Govern- ment at Canton-could be established in the near future, we consider it highly questionable whether, in view of the many past years of unrest in Kwongtung and Kwongsi, rich men from those provinces would abandon the havens of rest which they have made for themselves and their families in Hongkong.

.

128. Our thanks are due to our numerous correspondents who have made suggestions for increasing housing accommodation and the cheapening of houses, and to our Honorary Secretary, Mr. A. G. W. Tickle, who has been good enough to collect various information for us.

Our thanks are also due to the following Officials, who have been kind enough to answer promptly various enquiries addressed to them by the Chairman, namely, the late Director of Public Works, the Honourable Mr. T. L. Perkins; the Acting Director of Public Works, the Honourable Mr. H. T. Jackman; Mr. A. E. Wright and Mr. H. J. Pearce of the Buildings Office; and, in particular, the Honourable Colonial Secretary, Mr. A. G. M. Fletcher, C.M.G., C.B.E., for his readiness at all times to supply information to the Chairman, as required.

And lastly we desire to pay our heartfelt tribute of respect to the memory of the late Mr. J. W. White whose recent untimely death, in the midst of his arduous labours, has deprived the Colony of the services of a capable, hard-working and conscientious Public Servant.

H. E. POLLOCK, Chairman.

R. H. KOTEWALL.

W. S. BAILEY.

HONGKONG, 26th September, 1923.

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No.

7

1923

HONGKONG.

ENQUIRY INTO CIRCUMSTANCES ATTENDING CAPSIZING OF STEAM LAUNCH "FEI DIN YAT."

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor on the 30th August, 1923.

Commissioners' Report.

We, the Members of the Commission appointed by His Excellency the Governor to enquire into and report on the circumstances attending the capsizing of Steam Launch Fei Din Yat on the 8th July, 1923, have accordingly the honour to submit the following Report, together with recommendations in relation thereto. We are of opinion that this Commission of Enquiry had three main objects, viz.:-

1. To endeavour to ascertain what caused Steam Launch Fei Din Yut to capsize in the Southern Fairway of Hongkong Harbour at 12.30 p.m. on 8th July, 1923, as a result of which some twenty-five persons lost their lives.

2. To examine into and report if this launch was a good and proper launch for the service she was engaged in, up to July 8th, 1923.

3. To make practical suggestions and recommendations with a view to preventing if possible, a recurrence of such a disaster.

Cause of Capsizing.

1. We find that the capsizing of this launch was due to the following reasons:-

(a) A large number of passengers with their baggage collected on the star- board side preparatory to leaving the launch which was then lying stopped in the Southern Fairway off Salt Fish Lane.

(b) A number of cargo dealers with their coolies came on board over the starboard side at the same time as the passengers were preparing to leave.

The effect of this was to cause the launch to list heavily to star-board and to ship a large amount of water with the result that she lost her stability and sank almost im- mediately.

As far as can be ascertained, the launch was carrying not more than eighty passengers (which is some fifty less than the maximum allowed by her licence) and fifty piculs of cargo consisting of Lichees, vegetables and salt fish.

We are of opinion that this amount was not excessive, and that in all probability the disaster would have been averted had it not been for the action of the cargo dealers and their coolies.

Stability.

2. All the technical evidence goes to prove that this launch had exceptionally good stability with a large righting moment thus making her safe but uncomfortable in a seaway owing to quick roll.

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Table E.

Merchant Shipping Ordinance

10 of 1899.

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Recommendations.

3. (a) -Under existing regulations, any launch or ship under 60 tous holding a passenger licence is entitled to carry passengers outside the Harbour Limits according to the number specified in her licence.

We are of opinion that in future, launches carrying passengers to places outside the Harbour Limits should be tested for stability, and if necessary ballasted in order to give them a greater margin of safety.

We consider this necessary because of the common practice of Chinese passengers to huddle together in any one place to avoid wind, rain or sun.

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(b) All direct openings to the Engine Room or "Tween Deck" spaces should be provided with effective water tight coamings to prevent the ingress of water under normal conditions.

(c) No passenger carrying launch should in future be permitted to embark or disembark passengers, or to load or unload cargo, in any fairway or at any place other than at a wharf, pier, or ship, or at such place as the Harbour Master may direct.

7th August, 1923.

C. W. BECKWITH, Chairman.

W. DAVISON.

F. W. JAMES.

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HONGKONG.

SHIPPING CONTROL IN HONGKONG, 1917-1923.

No. 1923

5

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor, 26th July, 1923.

The publication of a report upon shipping control in Hongkong during the war has remained in abeyance pending a final settlement of all outstanding questions, and more particularly the completion of an action brought by certain shipowners against the Hong- kong Government in the Hongkong Courts in December, 1919; it being considered undesirable to comment upon a matter forming the subject of legal proceedings. The action referred to was discharged on the 25th July, 1923. The general settlement with the owners is all but complete, and, in view of the wide publicity which has been given to certain statements made recently in Shanghai, it has been decided to issue the report without further delay:

The statements made at Shanghai were to the following effect :-

(a) that certain vessels were commandeered by the Hongkong Government for the simple purpose of making money out of them, and not for purposes either connected with the war or with the defence of the Colony;

(b) that the vessels were used by the Hongkong Government solely for pro- fiteering purposes and were never used nor intended to be used for war purposes or in aid or defence of the Colony of Hongkong or in any connection therewith;

(c) that the treatment of the owners by the Hongkong Government was pitiless and relentless, with the result that one company was driven into bank- ruptcy;

(d) that in most cases the vessels were run at a severe loss to the owners; (e) that the vessels were not requisitioned by the Commodore;

(f) that the connection of the Imperial Government with the Hongkong Control

Scheme was kept secret from the owners;

(g) that owners were not informed that war risk was covered by the Govern-

ment, and that they incurred no small cost in respect of such risk;

(h that, immediately after certain legal proceedings were commenced against the Government, the Colonial Secretary requested the owners to stay such proceedings on the ground that an amicable settlement might be otherwise arrived at; and that the owners made the unfortunate mistake of consenting, as it later transpired that the postponement was merely used to give the Government time to prepare and enact an Indemnity Ordinance.

These matters are dealt with in detail in the following report.

1. In March, 1917, the Imperial Government promulgated a scheme, thereafter known as the Liner Requisition Scheme, for the requisitioning of all yet unrequisitioned British steamers on Indian and Far Eastern Liner Services. The steamers were to be operated on behalf of His Majesty's Government through representative Committees of Shipowners; but, unless and until the owners were otherwise directed, it was not the desire of the Government to interfere either with the nature of their business or the method of conducting it which would have been followed if the steamers had not been requisitioned. The owners were to continue to run the vessels as for themselves, though

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actually for the account of the Government, and what were known as Blue Book rates were to be the basis of remuneration. The Government confidently looked to the owners to conduct the business with as much zeal and care as if their own interests alone were still involved.

The scheme included all lines operating between Hongkong and the United King- dom and all the ocean going ships belonging to the Indo-China and China Navigation. Companies, but it did not apply to the smaller lines operating in and out of Hongkong along the China Coast.

The Indo-China and China Navigation Companies' ships were requisitioned under this scheme in the early summer of 1917, and they were run under it on Far Eastern trades by their owners on behalf of the Imperial Government until the end of the war: with the exception that such of their vessels as could possibly be spared were taken as occasion required for the direct use of the Imperial Government, and towards the latter part of the war only a small portion of each Company's fleet remained upon the Coast.

The remuneration payable to these Companies was at Blue Book rates with eastern allowance, and it was converted into dollars, at first as to one third, and later as to one half, at 2/-, and as to the balance at the rate of the day.

2. The taking of vessels from Far Eastern trades for the use of the Imperial Government, on full requisition as distinct from Liner requisition, had been going on since the commencement of the war, and by the beginning of the year 1917 the number of British vessels trading to Hongkong was very materially diminished. The situation was carefully watched at home, and on the 14th April, 1917, the Admiralty telegraphed that, while it was imperative that every possible ship should be used to relieve the home tonnage position, the Admiral, in requisitioning vessels, was to consider any requirements of the Colony which were absolutely vital, and he was authorised to requisition at the request of the local Government small British tonnage necessary to meet its requirements.

3. In May, 1917, a Committee was appointed by the Government "to consider what are the vital requirements of the Colony and what British tonnage is necessary to meet such requirements". The original members of the Committee were:

Hon. Mr. C. E. Anton Commander Beckwith, R.N.

Mr. S. H. Dodwell

Mr. G. T. Edkins

Hon. Mr. Lau Chi-pak

Hon. Mr. R. Shewan

.Messrs. Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ltd.

..Harbour Master.

Messrs. Dodwell & Co.

Messrs. Butterfield & Swire.

.Cheong Yue Steamship Co., Ltd.

Messrs. Shewan Tomes & Co.

Fleet Paymaster W. D. Sirratt, R.N.

This Committee, with which the Government was in constant touch until the end of the war, did most valuable work on behalf of the Colony.

4. In a telegram dated the 5th July, 1917, the Hongkong Government was informed that the Shipping Controller had appointed Mr. G. K. Nuttall of Messrs. Butterfield & Swire, and Mr. R. Sutherland of Messrs. Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ltd., as a sub-com- mittee to represent him in the Colony.

5. In a preliminary report on the local situation, dated the 4th July, 1917, Sir Henry May wrote to the Secretary of State for the Colonies:-

"I need hardly emphasize the point that the Commercial Community of this Colony is anxious to assist His Majesty's Government in every possible way. Their views on the subject of the phrase "vital requirements" are, I think, in the special circumstances of this peculiarly situated Colony, sound, and they are content to leave the question of requisitioning in the hands of the Controller of Shipping in London, who has the benefit of the advice of a representative Shipping Committee.

>>

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6. In a telegram dated the 12th October, 1917, the Secretary of State for the Colonies referred at some length to the proposed appointment of Colonel Thomson, Shipping Adviser to the Indian Government, as Agent of the Shipping Controller in charge of all lines with head-quarters in the Far East, and he added:-

"Following scheme suggested as likely to secure most economical and advant- ageous use of tonnage available. All seagoing vessels except those already requisitioned belonging to shipping companies registered in India, Straits Settlements, and Hongkong would be requisitioned from fixed date. Thomson's control so far as concerns finance will extend to all such vessels except those registered in United Kingdom which are already under liner requisition scheme. Vessels will be left to owners to be run as if for them- selves but actually for Indian or Colonial Governments and Thomson's functions would be those of General Manager. Owners would credit full earnings and debit charges after allowances for rebates, commissions, etc., and would be paid hire at rates paid in respect of vessels on full requisition subject to adjustments necessary on account of charges payable by owners themselves. Balance of profit if any would be payable to Government of India or Colony. Owners would be reimbursed net cost of maintenance of organisation of officers and staff and would also be entitled to charge customary payment to agents. Do you see any objection to proposals? Despatch follows by mail and detailed scheme will be communicated in due course but you should not wait for despatch or scheme before replying." The Hongkong Government, with some hesitation and after further correspondence with regard to details, acquiesced in the proposals made.

7. In the meantime, owing to the constant withdrawals of British steamers from the China Coast, the local tonnage situation had become considerably more difficult. At the end of October, 1917, it was decided by the Shipping Controller to withdraw six further vessels, including the S.S. Burrumbeet, regarding which the Commodore wrote, under date the 3rd November, 1917 :-

I suggest that in the event of Burrumbeet being requisitioned the Kailan Mining Administration should, if necessary, charter tonnage (to replace her) from vessels on the coast not suitable for Imperial work, but which are suitable for coal carrying".

The Vital Requirements Committee wrote on the same date:--

"In view of the necessity for further requisition for Imperial needs elsewhere we are of the opinion that the vessels named can be spared but we desire to qualify this opinion to the extent that as the Burrumbeet is engaged in coal transport connected with the Colony it may be necessary to consider ways and means of replacing her if the coal shippers concerned can show the necessity for maintaining a ship in her place, in which case we suggest that assistance should be given in the provision of another vessel", and at a meeting of the Committee held on the 20th November, 1917, the follow- ing minute was recorded:

"In view of the importance of supplying the Colony with coal at reason- able rates it was agreed to recommend that the Wollowra, a boat unsuitable for Admiralty requirements, be requisitioned to

take the Burrumbeet's place.

On the 24th November, the Committee wrote:-

"The Committee is in agreement with the Government that it is essential in the interests of the Colony that coal at a reasonable price should be avail- able and it is suggested that the steamer Wollowra be requisitioned to take the place of the Burrumbeet, since the Wollowra is declared unsuit- able for Admiralty requirements and moreover is not included in the liner requisition scheme. As regards management of the vessel it appears suitable to place her in the hands of the Kailan Administration to run similarly to the Burrumbeet under guidance of the Admiralty Authorities." The Government wrote accordingly to the Commodore on the 28th November, 1917 :— "I have the honour to request that you will be so good as to requisition on behalf of this Government the S.S. Wollowra, to take the place of the S.S. Burrumbeet.

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I propose, subject to your concurrence, to ask Messrs. Dodwell & Co., on behalf of the Kailan Mining Administration, to manage the vessel for the present, on the understanding that the Administration will use her to bring coal to the Colony for Government purposes or for purposes approved by the Government, at rates based upon the rates charged for the ship, the accounts to be subject to audit. In other words the vessel will be run - by the Administration upon lines similar to those upon which liner requisi- tion vessels are run.

The S.S. Wollowra was requisitioned by the Naval Authorities on the 30th November, 1917, under the terms contained in Admiralty Charter Party "T 99", and she was handed over to the Hongkong Government to control.

8. The Vital Requirements Committee had in the meantime been considering in the most minute detail the question of sparing more ships for full requisition and the employment of less suitable vessels to take their place in the trade on the China Coast, and their advice was being constantly asked as to the allocation between numerous applicants of the very limited cargo space which was allotted to the Colony on the Home and Indian runs.

On the 10th December, Mr. A. G. M. Fletcher, who had become Chairman of the Committee, addressed the following letter to the Government regarding the shipping situation as it then stood:-

"I have the honour to inform Your Excellency that a meeting of the recon- stituted Vital Requirements Committee was held on the morning of the 5th December, for the purpose of considering their present position and their future policy in the matter of the requisitioning of ships.

The question of procedure has been to a large extent settled in the Committee's and the Commodore's letters of the 29th November and the 1st December respectively. The Committee suggest that the procedure should be defi- nitely as follows:-The Commodore will refer requests for requisitioning to the Sub-Committee, who will consider the matter in conjunction with Mr. Cary; corresponding direct with the Commodore. The Sub-Committee will report their recommendations to Mr. Edkins, Mr. Anton, and Mr. Dodwell, who will form a quorum of the Committee for the purpose. This quorum will use their discretion as regards consulting the other members of the Committee, and their considered opinion will be reported to the. Commodore through the Colonial Secretary. The Colonial Secretary or the Assistant Colonial Secretary will act as Chairman of the Committee, in which capacity he will keep the Government informed of what transpires. The Commodore will supply the Governor with copies of his requests for requisitioning.

The Commodore and Lieutenant Oldman have asked the Committee to state the number of vessels now remaining on the China Coast which in their opinion can be spared for Imperial purposes, and they have suggested that an approximately accurate figure can be arrived at through statistics obtained to show the cargoes which are vital to the life of the Colony; whereby under a process of elimination tonnage now carrying non-essentials and semi-essentials can be definitely set on one side as available for Imperial purposes. The Committee find themselves unable to supply this informa- tion, for the following reasons:-

In the first place the trade of the whole China Coast is in question. Hong- kong's trade statistics extend over a period of a few months only, and, with trade conditions continually changing, with ships required for one purpose to-day being diverted for another to-morrow, the Committee regard those statistics as not sufficient for the purpose required. They regard the in- mensely voluminous figures compiled by the Chinese Customs as equally insufficient for the purposes of any decision on the vital requirements of Hongkong.

It is unnecessary to reiterate the point that Hongkong is merely a distributing centre and that her vital requirements do not consist solely in food for the population and material for the docks. The Governor's draft telegram of June last to the Secretary of State for the Colonies, which was concurred

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in by the Committee, has put their views very clearly. They maintain their opinion, then expressed, that "Hongkong, being only a great trading port and distributing centre for South China, subsists practically on ship- ping alone, upon which with its connected avocations the native population of Victoria and Kowloon, numbering about 400,000 persons, depend for their living. They urge strongly that no further ships should be requisitioned from Far Eastern waters without first reviewing the situation and indicating the services for which the vessels are required; and that it is essential to keep alive a nucleus of the British shipping services trading with Hongkong".

The difficulty of estimating the number of ships that can yet be taken is enhanced by the uncertainty as to the movements of Allied and neutral tonnage. It is rumoured that Japan proposes to place restrictions upon the use of her tonnage. The Committee are informed that the S.S. Prometheus under the Norwegian flag, on time charter on the coast, has been taken over by the Imperial Authorities. There are some twenty-five vessels run- ning in similar circumstances in local trades, and, if these or any of them are similarly taken, any estimate regarding available British tonnage falls at once to the ground.

The Committee's position is in short that if British and Chinese interests are to be maintained no British ship can be spared, although in extreme national urgency every British ship might have to be spared. The Committee are working under the following instructions:-" Decided to requisition all British steamers on Indian and Far Eastern Liner Services in order that they may be employed with utmost possible economy on most essential services" Secretary of State's telegram of the 7th March: "Unless and until you are otherwise directed, it is not the desire of the Government to interfere either with the nature of your business or the method of conduct- ing it" letter of 5th May, from the Ministry of Shipping: "All British liners are being requisitioned, but that does not necessarily imply that they would all be diverted from their previous trade routes Secretary of State's telegram of the 10th August: "The Home Office want every possible relief" Secretary of State's telegram of the 12th May.

""

The last is the key to the whole situation. While in the opinion of the Com- mittee all British vessels on the coast are probably required to keep together a nucleus of the British trades established through long years of patient effort, yet when and in so far as the Imperial need is the greater some ships can and must be spared.

run.

The Committee wish in this connection to draw attention to the appointment of Colonel Thomson. They consider it essential that the representative of the Shipping Controller should be an experienced shipping man and that he should as far as possible remain on the China Coast, where alone he can study and understand the conditions peculiar to that coast. The Com- mittee have been unofficially informed that Colonel Thomson has very con- siderable experience of shipping; but he has hitherto conducted operations from India. The result would seem to be somewhat unfortunate from the point of view of Hongkong, judging by the case of the Hongkong-Calcutta In 1914 the British India and the Indo-China Lines had each eight vessels on that run. At the present day the British India Line retain three vessels against the Indo-China Line's one, and the Controller has recently taken the Indo-China boat Chaksang, which has been specially built for the run; whereas in the opinion of the Committee one of the British India boats would be more suitable for Imperial purposes. The Committee ask that no further ships may, if possible, be taken until Colonel Thomson has had time to review the situation on the spot. The Committee suggest that in any event Lieutenant Oldman should remain adviser to the Admi- ralty and that Mr. Sutherland and Mr. Nuttall or his substitute should be appointed as Colonel Thomson's local representatives.

The Committee hope that their representations will not be read as indicating an obstructionist policy. They most emphatically realise that the Im- perial needs are paramount, and that the Colony must do the utmost in its power, irrespective of private interests, to further the common end.

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But they do think, in view of the most complex and conflicting interests of which those Imperial needs are compounded, that it is their duty to present every possible aspect of the situation as it affects Far Eastern trade for the consideration of those high authorities with whom the ultimate decision rests."

9. Colonel Thomson arrived in the Colony early in 1918, and, after he had personally consulted representatives of the various shipping interests, the situation was discussed on the 18th January with the Vital Requirements Committee, the Governor and the Commodore being present at the meeting. An entirely satisfactory settlement of outstanding questions was arrived at, and it was arranged that, before further vessels were taken on full requisition, the Vital Requirements Committee would be informed fully of the situation and its advice would be invited. Throughout the remain- ing period of the war the arrangements for the taking of further vessels on full requisi- tion worked smoothly and without friction.

any

10. The time at Colonel Thomson's disposal was too brief to enable him to inaugu- rate the scheme for the local control of shipping, referred to in paragraph 6 of this Report, but details were discussed and a Shipping Control Committee was appointed for the purpose of getting the scheme into working order and of carrying it on, the members being Mr. R. Sutherland, Mr. G. M. Young, and Mr. A. G M. Fletcher (Chairman) with Mr. F. W. Cary, Expense Accounts Officer of His Majesty's Naval Yard, as Secretary. Mr. Sutherland and Mr. Young sat upon the Committee in their capacity as Shipping Controller's Representatives, Mr. Young having previously taken the place of Mr. Nuttall.

11. The local Control Scheme was prepared, and was subsequently operated, in accordance with definite instructions from the Shipping Controller in London, to the following effect:-

All tonnage available was to be utilized in the most economical way and any surplus tonnage must be diverted to meet more pressing needs. To this end all hitherto unrequisitioned sea-going vessels trading in the Far East were to be requisitioned and were to be placed under the control of Colonel Thomson, as Agent for the Shipping Controller, who would constantly and carefully watch the situation in the interests of the different sections of the Indian and Far Eastern trades, so that tonnage might at any time be removed from one service to another which might at the time be relatively more important from the point of view of Imperial interests.

י

The Liner Requisition Scheme was to be taken as a model. The vessels were to be left as far as possible to the owners to run as if for themselves, though actually for the account of the Indian or Colonial Governments, and the balance of profit, if any, was to be payable to the Governments of India, the Straits Settlements, and Hongkong. The owners would be paid at Blue Book rates and could not therefore urge any financial considerations against the transfer of any of their vessels from trade to trade, and the way would be left open for Colonel Thomson to make such adjustments of the carrying tonnage in the various trades concerned as would secure the most economical use of the ships available. The adoption of the scheme would also obviate any grievance arising from the fact that certain Liner Compa- nies which happened to be registered in the United Kingdom were already fully controlled both financially and administratively while certain other Companies domiciled in India and the Far East enjoyed freedom from such control.

The situation was thus described in an action brought against the Shipping Con- troller in 1917:-

6C

'It had become necessary in order to secure the most effective use of available tonnage that all liner tonnage should be made equally available for any employment, and that there should be identity of interest and equality of reward between all lines, together with unity of control and wide common employment, with unrestricted freedom of disposition adapting supply to demand".

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12. Colonel Thomson supplied the Government with a list of thirteen steamers which were to be requisitioned, namely :

S.S. Haitan, Hai Hong, Manapouri, Castlefield, Telemachus, Pheumpenh, Ching Chow, Patriot, Lien Shing, Hai Mun, Brisbane, Rotorua, Upolu; to which list was added the S.S. Wollowra, referred to in paragraph 7.

These vessels were mostly old and out-of-date. Not one of them was suitable for full requisition for Imperial purposes, and several of them would perhaps not have been running at all, had it not been for the war.

13. In February and March, 1918, telegrams were exchanged between the Hong- kong Government and the Colonial Office and it was finally arranged that the requisi- tioning should be done by the Commodore in the name of the Imperial Government, but that the Colonial Government must accept full responsibility for the financial result of the scheme. The Hongkong Government proposed that the profit, if any, after payment of local expenses, should go to the Imperial Government, subject to the Imperial Govern- ment guaranteeing the Colony against heavy loss, but the Shipping Controller was unable to accept this proposal. It was laid down that "the Imperial Government is in no way interested in the financial arrangements or their results except to see that remuneration of Colonial registered vessels is not appreciably higher or lower than that of competing vessels registered and owned in the United Kingdom.

14. On the 14th March, 1918, Sir Henry May read the following statement to the unofficial Members of the Legislative Council:-

"I have asked you to meet me this morning in order to inform you of certain instructions that have been received from the Secretary of State for the Colonies in connection with a scheme for bringing under control the re- maining British vessels on the China Coast, which are still being run on the owners' account, without supervision.

As you are no doubt aware, Companies such as the Indo-China Steam Naviga- tion Company and the China Navigation Company, whose vessels are registered in the United Kingdom, are running those vessels at fixed rates. under what is known as liner requisition, the profits over and above those rates being taken by the Imperial Government. It has been decided to inaugurate a similar scheme as regards vessels registered in India, Singapore, Hongkong, and Shanghai, under the general control of Colonel Thomson, a shipping expert who is now in the service of the Government of India. Colonel Thomson visited the Colony early in the year in con- nection with this scheme.

This Colony is concerned only with vessels registered in Hongkong and Shang-

hai, fifteen in number. The circular letter, which

The circular letter, which you have in your hands,

outlines the scheme under which it is proposed to control these vessels. As far as it is possible to foresee, there will remain, after payment of all charges, a substantial profit to the account of the Government. I need hardly say that the purpose of the scheme is not that the Government should take over a profitable commercial undertaking. Its object is to secure that all tonnage available is utilised in the most economical way, and that any surplus tonnage is without delay diverted to meet pressing needs.

I have represented to the Secretary of State for the Colonies that, although, as I have said, there is every prospect that the scheme will be a profitable one, yet there is an element of financial risk which might assume serious proportions in the event of enemy submarines, raiders, or minelayers appearing in these waters. The scheme is a matter of Imperial policy, in which the Colony has no direct and separate interest; and I have accord- ingly suggested that the Imperial Government should take over all respon- sibility for war risk, on the understanding that they will receive the net profits of the undertaking. I have not yet received a reply to that sugges- tion. I may mention that enquiry has been made regarding the market rates of insurance against war risk, and it is considered that the Government would not be justified in paying the very considerable premia demanded.

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During the whole period that this matter has been under consideration the Government, before taking each step, has sought the advice of the Vital Requirements Committee and Sub-Committee, consisting of Mr. Edkins, Mr. Anton and subsequently Mr Landale, Mr. Shewan, Mr. Dodwell, Mr. Lau Chu-pak, Mr. Young, and Mr. Sutherland. Mr. Fletcher has repre- sented the Government on this Committee."

15. The Hongkong Control Scheme came into operation on the 15th April, 1918, and its great practical utility at once became apparent. A number of tramps, whose movements were being directed by the opportunities for profit-making arising from the requisitioning of competing ships, were now made directly available for war purposes, to release and take the place of more sea-worthy vessels. It was possible at last to use all British tonnage in the Far East in the most economical way to meet pressing needs.

16. An account of some of the uses to which certain of the vessels were put may be of interest. The S.S. Wollowra had been carrying coal for the account of the Hongkong Government since December, 1917, and later the S.S. Telemachus, Rotorua, Ching Chow, and Patriot were used from time to time for a similar purpose. The first trip of the S.S. Patriot was for account of the Naval Yard. The Government was thereby enabled to supply coal and coke to the Naval authorities whose requirements were considerable, and also to the Military Authorities and to various industries such as the Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Company, Hongkong Steel Foundry, Hong- kong, Canton, and Macao Steamboat Company, and the Hongkong Electric Company. It also supplied at a cheap rate 1,200 tons monthly to the Chinese Section of the Kowloon- Canton Railway, without which that Section would have been unable, to continue its service.

When, in the spring of 1918, arrangements were unexpectedly made by the Imperial Government to divert Dutch tonnage, and the trade in raw sugar between Java and Hongkong was in consequence completely dislocated, the S.S. Wollowra was despatched to Java and brought up a full cargo of sugar. The Government was also able to arrange for the Russian S.S. Vitim, not under its control, to bring sugar.

The Government of the Straits Settlements had in the meantime represented to the Hongkong Government the need for an increased output of tin for war purposes and had requested assistance in carrying. Chinese labour to that Colony. It was possible to make arrangements to send coolies from Hongkong, but Singapore had quarantined the Colony on account of cerebro-spinal meningitis, and was unable to entertain a repre- sentation that the disease was understood to be quite as prevalent in Amoy and Swatow as it was in Hongkong. Consequently the S.S. Wollowra was placed on the Amoy, Singapore, Rangoon run, for the particular purpose of carrying coolies to Singapore, and also to carry on the normal trade with Rangoon.

The S.S. Haimun was taken up to carry coal for Admiralty account, but, as she was found to be unsuitable, she was despatched in June, 1918, to Amoy to carry coolies to Singapore. She remained on this run, and in August she was put on the trip Singapore, Hongkong, Amoy, Singapore the reason being that the Green Island Cement Company required tonnage to carry cement for Government works at Penang, while the Government of the Straits Settlements required coolies, but would not allow them to come from Hongkong. Consequently the S.S. Haimun carried the cement via Amoy. In September the ship was diverted for a trip to Java to fetch sugar.

The S.S. Telemachus was taken off a charter bringing in Straits $115,000 a month in order to carry coal for specified Hongkong industries. This coal came from the Kailan Mining Administration on whose behalf Colonel Thomson and the Admiralty had invoked the assistance of the Hongkong Government. The S.S. Patriot also carried the Kailan Administration coal. In November, 1918, she was detailed to bring rice from Saigon.

It was at the same time considered to be essential, in the interests of British trade and prestige, to keep as many as possible of the Hongkong controlled vessels on the regular coast runs, and in this connection the Government kept in view certain repre- sentations which had been made by His Majesty's Ministers at Peking and Bangkok, and also representations made by the Governor-General of Indo-China regarding the Saigon rice trade. The Douglas Company's ships, Haitan and Hai Hong, served the customary Coast ports throughout the requisition period, with the exception that the S.S. Hai Hong was lent to the Naval Authorities for one voyage to carry reinforcements from the Manchester Regiment to Vladivostock. The steamers Castlefield, Manapouri, and Brisbane continued on their original charters within the usual coast trade limits, and such other vessels, as

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could from time to time be spared, were made available for the miscellaneous require- ments of the Coast which were normally served by a much larger number of ships. The S.S. Upolu continued to carry coal for the Kailan Mining Administration. Every run was most carefully watched, sub-chartering was not permitted, and charters, while binding the charterer for a fixed period, reserved to the Hongkong Government the right to terminate the contract at a month's notice.

17. Although the Hongkong Control Scheme was proving of immense benefit to the Colony, the tonnage was not nearly sufficient to meet requirements, and every endeavour was made to supplement it. The S.S. Glenfalloch, of Singapore Registry, was lying at the Taikoo Dockyard awaiting repairs, which the owners were unwilling to carry out, and the Hongkong Government asked permission of the Straits Settlements Government to repair the vessel and run her under the Hongkong Scheme, but that Government was unable to accept the proposal. The Government of the Straits Settlements were further approached, but without success, for permission for the S.S. Hock Lee and Will o' the Wisp to be run under the Hongkong Scheme. These vessels had been purchased by Hongkong owners but had remained on the Singapore Register. Colonel Thomson arranged for the placing of the S.S. Kolya at the disposal of the Hongkong Government for the purpose of carrying coal for the Naval Yard, but at the last moment the vessel could not be made available. Negotiations were entered into regarding the S.S. Sui Kai under the Chinese flag, which had for a long time been lying idle in the har- bour owing to a complicated law-suit. An offer was made to repair and run the ship for the account of whoever might be concerned, but the vessel was so fast entangled in the meshes of the law that it was impossible to extricate her. An attempt was made to arrange for the salving at the expense of the Hongkong Government of a steamer which had been stranded on the Siberian coast, but the project was found to be impracticable. In August, 1918, three small and old British vessels, the Amherst, Cornelia, and Hok Canton, of 241, 214, and 288 tons register respectively, were requisitioned by the Naval Authorities and were placed under the orders of the Shipping Control Committee.

18. The relations between the Hongkong Government and the Shipowners were throughout of a most cordial nature. All owners co-operated in a most patriotic manner and did their utmost to make the Control Scheme work smoothly and successfully. A Shipowners Protection Association was formed under the Chairmanship of Mr. S. T. Williamson, of Messrs. Moller and Company, and his services, placed freely at the disposal of the Government, were of the greatest assistance. There was one request pressed by the Association to which the Government could not see its way to accede. The Associa- tion wished to be represented upon the Shipping Control Committee, and this was refused, for the reason that the Committee had been chosen, as an independent body having no connection with the requisitioned ships, to advise the Government on technical matters connected with the ships. Mr. Sutherland and Mr. Young sat as representatives of Colonel Thomson, Agent to the Shipping Controller, who was in constant communication with the Colony with regard to controlled ships. The Committee worked in close and constant touch with the Vital Requirements Committee, which advised as to the employ- ment of the ships for the needs of the Colony, and Mr. H. P. White, representing the controlled vessels of the Douglas Steamship Company, took his seat upon the latter body..

19. The question of the remuneration to be paid to owners was one of consi- derable difficulty. The Shipping Controller's instructions were that the remuneration was not to be appreciably higher or lower than that of competing vessels, the vessels most directly concerned being those of the Indo-China and China Navigation fleets. The Hongkong Government urged the Shipping Controller in London that in view of the increase in prices and the rise in exchange the remuneration should be payable at exchange half 1/9 and half rate of day. This was refused, it being again pointed out that the payments to owners under the local scheme must not be more favourable than payments to owners under the Imperial scheme.

scheme. Further representations were made in the following terms:- "it must be remembered that the vessels brought under local requisi- tion are mostly old and in more or less bad condition, having been discarded, at periods more or less remote, from the regular lines; with the result that the cost of repair and upkeep is proportionately heavier than in the case of vessels, such as those of the Indo- China and China Navigation Companies, on the regular lines. I was aware, when I sent my telegram of the 9th March, that expenses connected with repairing and running were on owners' risk, if the owners were prepared to run the vessels; and, in order to offer the owners a sufficient inducement to do so, I accepted the advice of the Control Com- mittee to grant the terms stated in the telegram which I addressed to you on the 17th

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A similar

April. My further recommendation in that telegram, that payment should be made half at 1/9 and half at the rate of the day, was based upon a careful review of figures and accounts put forward by the local owners. I am satisfied that in the case of the ships now in question the grant of this additional remuneration is fully justified". representation was made to Colonel Thomson, but the Shipping Controller could not see his way to accede to the request. Colonel Thomson had written on the 25th March, 1918-"you will observe that London lays great stress upon the fact that payments to owners out East should not be greater than those paid at home.”

A revision of Blue Book rates for tramps enabled the Hongkong Government to increase its payments to owners with effect from the commencement of the local scheme, but about the same period notice was given that the arrangements as to owners' commission were being modified. It was urged that there should not be any reduction in the rate paid to owners under the Hongkong scheme, and, pending receipt of further instructions, the full commission was paid up to the end of the requisi- tion period. Some correspondence on the subject ended in May, 1920, with a letter from the Ministry of Shipping:-"I am to say that the Shipping Controller regrets the decision arrived at by the Government of Hongkong and feels bound to place on record his view that the reasons adduced for that decision do not seem to him to be altogether adequate ".

This letter is quoted, and the matter of owners' remuneration has been dealt with in some detail, because there has been a wide-spread impression that the Hongkong Government had a free hand in the matter and had not been liberal in its treatment of the owners. ·

20. There were some who did not see eye to eye with the Hongkong Government on this question of remuneration. A complaint was made to the Shipping Controller in London regarding the alleged preferential treatment accorded to the Hongkong controlled ships, in their category of tramps, as compared with ships classified as liners. The Hongkong Government, being asked to report, expressed the opinion that the arguments, which had been advanced in support of the complaint, were untenable. The Hongkong vessels were old and of inferior class and they were not considered seaworthy enough for full requisition. For this reason the cost of upkeep was proportionally heavier and special concessions should be granted. The ages of the vessels varied from 27 to 43 years, and, as they were not in good condition, constant repairs were necessary, at enormously enhanced cost compared with pre-war rates. The Ministry of Shipping had pointed out that the revision of tramp rates in the United Kingdom was necessary largely on account of the cost of insurance. In the case of the Hongkong tramps marine risks could as a rule be insured against for "total loss only at rates between 10 and 15 per centum, it being impossible to insure "with average whereas the insurance rate for the two cargo liners under the Scheme was 3 per centum "for total loss only" and 6 per centum "with average"; and those liners might be taken as representative of all the liners on the China Coast.

21. The question of insurance against war risk was one of some difficulty. In a circular letter addressed on the 13th March, 1918, to all owners, they were informed that the Government would accept all war risks, and the question for decision was whether the Hongkong Government should insure or whether it should carry the risk itself. The risk was slight and insurance rates were high, but there was a possibility that vessels might be lost through the sudden appearance of a raider, or the placing of explosives in cargo, or other enemy action. On the advice of the Vital Requirements Committee the ships were insured for three months in the first instance. The Shipping Control Com- mittee obtained from Messrs. Goddard & Douglas a valuation of each ship at its then value, the total sum for the fourteen ships being £979,000, and upon this sum insurance premia amounting to $48,716.41 were paid. At the expiration of the three months the Government had a sufficient sum in hand to form the nucleus of a sinking fund, and it was decided, again on the advice of the Vital Requirements Committee, that the Govern- ment should thereafter carry the risk. At a meeting of the Legislative Council on the 17th October, 1918, the Colonial Secretary speaking of the Shipping Fund, said :---“ The money is kept for insurance against war risk".

No claim arose at any time in respect of war risk.

·

22. Another problem which confronted the Government was the question of the policy to be adopted with regard to the running of the ships at a profit. Some figures

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regarding certain profits which were being made at the time may be of interest in this connection. The balance sheets of a public company controlling one of the requisitioned steamers show the following figures :-

Capital $40,000 in 800 shares of $50 each. Value of steamer written down to $20,000. Profit for the years ending in February 1916, 1917, and 1918 respectively $163,762, $245,041, $534,339; Dividend per share of $50 in respect of these years, $183: $275.50: $598: and remuneration to Directors and Auditor $16,396: $24,524: $53,453. This may have been an extreme case, but there were other instances of very large gains. The Government had to decide to what extent it should take advantage of the extraordinary earning powers which the war had given to the steamers.

The Shipping Controller's instructions seemed to be clear. The ships which were not required for special Government work were to be run by the owners in their customary manner vessels will be left to owners to run as if for themselves but actually for Indian or Colonial Governments" The Hongkong Control Scheme was to be based on the Liner Requisition Scheme, the instructions regarding which were:- "It is not the desire of the Government to interfere either with the nature of the busi- ness of the Established Line or the method of conducting it which would have been followed had the controlled vessels not been requisitioned, except in so far as the National interest may require. Each Established Line shall continue therefore to manage its business and to run the controlled vessels with as much zeal and shall have the same discretion in such management as if its own interest alone were involved".

It was decided that the Government had no option but to charge the then market rates. It was true that high freights meant inflated prices, but market rates were being charged in respect of vessels under Imperial control, and the Commodore had advised that full freight rates should be maintained in respect of Liner Requisition vessels; and, if the Hongkong Government had offered its ships below prevailing prices, instructions would no doubt have been received from the Shipping Controller that competitors, for example the Indo-China and China Navigation vessels, must not be undercut. In any event freight remitted to a shipper would not have gone into the consumer's pocket. There was the further point that the owners were getting 5% upon the earnings of their ships and they naturally did not want those earnings to be reduced. It may be mention- ed that in the case of a ship such as the Patriot, carrying coal for Government account in respect of which no freight was payable, the Government allowed the owners to draw commission on the sum which would have been paid for freight in the open market.

The Government strictly adhered to the policy that, in deciding upon the various uses for which ships were required, any consideration of profit making must be kept entirely in the back-ground.

23. Late in the year 1918 instructions were received from the Admiralty that a number of vessels, which had been on Imperial requisition, were to be transferred to the Hongkong Control Scheme, but after some telegraphic correspondence these instructions were cancelled and in a telegram dated the 23rd January, 1919, the Hongkong Govern- ment was authorised to use its discretion as to continuance of control, which it accordingly discontinued as from the 31st January, 1919.

24. The Hongkong Control Scheme resulted financially in a net profit of $2,231,204. The total expenditure, exclusive of war risk insurance, amounted to $6,387, a some- what striking figure when it is remembered that it represents the entire cost of controlling seventeen ships, with detailed examination of all their trading accounts, for the best part of a year. Many a brokerage fee for negotiating a single charter amounted to a vastly greater sum, and, if the immense amount of work done had been charged for according to the spacious ideas as to remuneration in the shipping business then prevalent, the profits would have been most materially reduced. The opportunity may be taken to record the very great obligation which the Colony is under to Mr. Sutherland, Mr. Young, and Mr. Cary for their devoted work on its behalf. Mr. Sutherland and Mr. Young received no remuneration of any kind, and Mr. Cary, who was responsible for the control and checking of all ship's accounts, was paid at a rate which from a business point of view was merely nominal. Each member of the Control Committee had to find time for the shipping work in addition to his own work, which was in itself abnormal owing to depletion of staffs, and, having regard to all the circumstances, it is perhaps noteworthy that the critics have found such scanty material on which to base their denunciations. Mention may also be made of the good work performed by Commander Beckwith, R.N.,

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Harbour Master, who, as Government Coaling Officer, was responsible for the very satis- factory arrangements in connection with the large quantity of coal handled.

25. Under date the 28th December, 1920, a circular despatch was issued from the Colonial Office to the Colonies regarding the recently passed Imperial Indemnity Act. It was provided in the Act that His Majesty in Council might apply its provisions to any of the Crown Colonies, but the Secretary of State pointed out that in the course of its passage through the House of Commons the Bill was so developed that in its final form it was closely bound up with conditions and transactions in the United Kingdom. It appeared to him that it was inexpedient to issue any Orders in Council under the Act, and the Colouies were invited to consider the alternative of local legislation. An Indem- nity Bill was accordingly introduced in the Council on the 1st September, 1921. It was opposed by the owners, who were represented by counsel, and it was then decided not to proceed further with the matter until the return from leave of Mr. Fletcher who had conducted all negotiations with the owners on behalf of the Government,

26. Mr. Fletcher came back to the Colony at the end of the year 1921, and, after further conversations with the owners, a proposal that half the money held by the Hongkong Government should be returned to them was put before the Unofficial Members of the Legislative Council. The owners were warned that in any event it was improbable that the Imperial Government would be able to accept the proposal; but the Unofficial Members rejected it, on the ground that, all British ships having been treated alike, it would be unfair to discriminate in favour of the ships which had been controlled in Hongkong. This matter was referred to at a discussion at the Colonial Office on the 9th November, 1922, at which Mr. Burrows, a solicitor representing the owners, and Mr. C. R. Burkill, representing the S.S. Patriot and having an interest in the S.S. Wollowra, were present. The following note was taken :-

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Reference was made to negotiations with Mr. Fletcher and to an offer of divi- sion of profits on a 50/50 basis said to have been made by the Government of Hongkong but turned down by the Unofficials. Sir G. Grindle said that any offer on the lines referred to above, even if it had been decided upon by the Colonial Government, would undoubtedly have failed to secure the Secretary of State's sanction."

""

27. The Hongkong Government had now no alternative but to pass the Indemnity Bill, which accordingly became law by a unanimous. vote of the Legislative Council on the 18th August, 1922. The Hongkong Government's responsibility in the matter was clearly defined at the interview at the Colonial Office referred to in the last paragraph, the note of which reads as follows:-

"Sir G. Grindle said that before the discussion went further it would in his opinion be useful if he were to state the general position of the Imperial Government in the matter. He stated that it had been necessary for war reasons for the Government of Hongkong to take the action which was taken as to requisitioning of ships. The Secretary of State's attitude as to this action was that either it was legal or if it were not-and for the sake of argument he was prepared to admit that it was hopelessly illegal—it must be made legal. The Indemnity Ordinance was not a device of the Hongkong Government to meet their own special difficulties, but was passed on the instructions of His Majesty's Government, as similar Ordi- nances were passed in Colonies similarly situated, and was intended to carry out the deliberate intention and decision of His Majesty's Government that shipowners in Hongkong and elsewhere in the Colonies must not be placed in any way in a more favourable position than ship- owners in this country. It had been suggested that the action of the Hongkong Government imposed a special tax on shipowners. Sir G. Grindle was prepared to admit this, but he pointed out that this was a disability shared in war-time by Hongkong with home shipowners, and that it could not be avoided. He observed that it was only for technical reasons, not specially affecting Hongkong, that it had been decided not to apply the Imperial Indemnity Act to the Colonies, and that as a matter of fact such a course had been very seriously considered. The Hongkong Ordinance was a piece of Imperial policy which no Secretary of State was likely to reverse, and it was inconceivable that it should be disallowed".

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28. On the 28th March, 1923, the following letter was addressed to the owners' solicitors :--

"With reference to my letter of the 19th of September, 1922, I am directed to ·

state that a reply has now been received from the Secretary of State for the Colonies who requests that you should be informed that he regrets that he has not seen his way to recommend to His Majesty the King that the Indemnity Ordinance (No. 18 of 1922), in so far as it concerns the shipping control of Hongkong, should not receive the Royal Assent.

I am also to state that His Grace the Duke of Devonshire has requested His Excellency the Governor to consider and report on any representations which you may wish to make with a view to showing that local shipowners have received less favourable treatment than under the Imperial Scheme. His Grace further desires that you should be warned that any concession which the Hongkong Government might wish to suggest would require his sanction after consultation with other departments of His Majesty's Government interested in the matter."

No reply has been received to that letter, and there the matter now stands.

29. Various statements have been made, in petitions presented to the Legislative Council and elsewhere, regarding alleged losses sustained by owners owing to the Hong- kong Government's Control. The following correspondence bears upon the point :-

Messrs. Deacon, Looker, Deacon, & Harston to Colonial Secretary, 11th April, 1918.

"We enclose herewith working accounts of the steamships Telemachus, Pheumpenh, Haimun, Brisbane, Wollowra, Castle field, and Patriot. From a perusal of such working accounts it will be seen that, when the remunera- tion proposed to be paid by the Government is placed against the working expenses, the result is a very substantial loss in each case".

Colonial Secretary to Messrs. Deacon, Looker, Deacon, & Harston, 15th April, 1918. "I may state, however, that this Government is unable to accept the figur e

which you have put before it. In the case of the S.S. Telemachus fo instance the owner's commission is reckoned upon the sum of $45,907; whereas it would in fact, under the calculation given, be payable on a sum of $58,800. Depreciation is allowed for upon a value of $600,000, or roughly £90,000; whereas, apart altogether from the question whether or no depreciation is a proper charge, it is customary to take the value, for purposes of depreciation, as the purchase price plus renewals less the amount already written off. Without going further into detail, it may be stated generally that the accounts, as presented by you, are not drawn up in accordance with the customary practice of shipping companies.

This Government will, however, closely watch the working of the requisition scheme, and I am to assure you that the interests of the owners will receive its sympathetic consideration."

With regard to the value of $600,000 placed upon the S.S. Telemachus, at the time when she was about to come under control, it may be mentioned that in 1916, when large profits were being made and there was no control, the value of the ship was given for probate purposes in the sum of $185,000. The sterling equivalents on the pertinent dates were approximately £92,500 and £19,000.

}}

30. On the 7th June, 1923, at a meeting of the shareholders of Messrs. Moller& Co. (Shanghai), Ltd., held at Shanghai, Mr. E. Moller referred to the Hongkong Govern- ment's "unjustifiable scheme, which in its pitilessness and relentlessness is quite unparalleled a scheme which has had the effect of driving into liquidation a modest Shanghai Shipping Company which has had its Red Anchor flag flying over these Chinese waters for over half a century." Mr. Moller did not make it clear to what company he referred; it was not Messrs. Moller & Co. (Shanghai), Ltd., as that company was incor- porated in 1918. Lloyd's Register of Shipping for the year immediately before the outbreak of war does not include Messrs. Moller in the list of shipowners, and it appears from subsequent editions of the Register that the ships which were named by Mr. Moller to his shareholders were acquired at various dates after war began.

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In particular connection with the Hongkong Control Scheme Mr. Moller mentioned three vessels only, the S.S. Manapouri, Castlefield, and Wollowra, and he stated that "the audited figures covering the running of the steamers under control in most cases showed a severe loss." The Government has received statements of alleged losses in respect of six of the seventeen steamers controlled.

31. Mr. Moller's remarks were generally supported by Mr. C. R. Burkill, who said. that he could confirm them from personal experience.

32. The Government has not accepted the audited figures, referred to by Mr. Moller, and it is its experience that expert opinion of the value of the subject matter of a claim varies very considerably according as the claim is made by or against the Government. The following figures may be quoted in this connection. The audited accounts in respect of two vessels gave $10,488 and $36,320 as actual losses sustained, exclusive of interest, over the period 16th April, 1918, to 31st January, 1919. These vessels were owned by two one-ship Companies whose balance sheets in respect of the year 1st February, 1918, to 31st January, 1919, show; in the one case profit for the year $384,045, remuneration to Directors and Auditor $38,424, and dividend of $378 per $50 share: and in the other case profit for the year $214,265, remuneration to Directors and Auditor $21,446, and dividend of $190.50 per $50 share, the capital being $40,000 and the steamer being written down to $20,000 in each case.

With regard to Mr. Moller's ships, his audited accounts, which have not been accepted by the Government, show loss sustained by owner exclusive of interest, $42,359 in respect of the Manapouri, and $19,134 in respect of the Castlefield. Mr. Moller has not made any claim for loss in respect of the Wollowra. The total of the two claims is $61,493, against which there is a debt due by Mr. Moller to the Hongkong Govern- ment in the sum of $44,512, exclusive of interest. Almost the whole of this debt is due, not in respect of Mr. Moller's ships, but in respect of a sum paid in error by the Govern- ment to Messrs. Moller (Hongkong) Ltd. on account of cargo carried in the S.S. Patriot.

As regards the Castlefield, Messrs. Moller & Co. with the approval of the Shipping Control Committee let the ship on a most advantageous charter for twelve calendar months from December, 1918. The charterer failed to take the vessel up, the Attorney General of Hongkong joined with the Castlefield Steamship Company as plaintiffs in an action against the charterer, judgment was obtained in a very large sum, and it is under- stood that the matter was finally settled on payment of between $300,000 and $400,000. The Hongkong Government made no claim in respect of the sum which would have been due to it up to the end of January, when its control terminated, but it did rely upon Mr. Moller's debt being paid out of that money. Even if Mr. Moller had discharged this debt, he would still have had a most substantial sum in hand.

The Government is unaware of the subsequent history of Mr. Moller's three ships 1 except that it is informed, though it cannot vouch for the fact, that the S.S. Wollowra was sold for a much larger sum than the original purchase price; but it is unable to find any evidence in support of the allegation that the winding up of Messrs. Moller & Co. (Shanghai) Limited is in any way due to the Hongkong Control Scheme.

The S.S. Patriot was owned by Messrs. A. R. Burkill & Sons, and at the time when she came under the Hongkong Control Scheme she was on time charter for a period of five years ending in 1921, at a rate of $12,000 a month. With

With regard to this Messrs. Burkill's agents wrote to the Shipowners' Protection Association under date the 11th April, 1918-

"S.S. Patriot. Owing to the above vessel coming under Government Contrse on or about the 15th April, 1918, according to the proposed control rato; the steamer will be earning $15,010 per month, which in this particular case is an improvement in the earning capacity of the steamer"; and on this very same date, the 11th April, Messrs. Burkill's solicitors wrote to the Colonial Secretary stating:-

"We enclose herewith working accounts of the S.S. Telemachus, Pheumpenh, Haimun, Brisbane, Wollowra, Manapouri, Castlefield, and Patriot. From a perusal of such working accounts it will be seen that, when the remuneration proposed to be paid by the Government is placed against the working expenses, the result is a very substantial monthly loss. Unless the Government are prepared to very substantially increase the remuneration bank- ruptcy or liquidation will be the inevitable outcome ".

73

The Government has not received the S.S. Patriot's audited figures, but, whatever results these show, Mr. C. R. Burkill has at least the consolation that his firm received considerably more remuneration in respect of this ship when under Government Control than it had been receiving under the charter arranged by his firm. Messrs. A. R. Burkill and Sons have not presented any claim for losses incurred by the S.S. Patriot or Wollowra

The Douglas Steamship Company's accounts show that that Company was able to pay a dividend of 12% and a bonus of 10% in respect of the year ending the 30th June, 1918, and a dividend of 12% and a bonus of 6% in respect of the following year, with due provision for depreciation, reserve, and underwriting in addition.

On the other hand there may be quoted the case of one vessel which was so crank that crews were reluctant to go to sea in her, and it was unlikely that her insurance would be renewed. New decks were required to obviate claims on account of sea water spoiling the cargo, and on every trip ballast had to be purchased, as the ship when light was liable to capsize, while the ballast had to be taken out to make room for cargo. In this case a considerable sum due to the Government was remitted ex gratia. In two other instances special circumstances led to a remission of certain payments due.

¿

The Hongkong Government has throughout maintained the position that the majority of its controlled vessels were old and out-of-date, with excessive coal consumption and heavy repair bills, and that therefore the owners, being remunerated at the same rate as competitors operating more modern and up-to-date ships, were in this respect at a decided disadvantage; although the owners of Hongkong controlled vessels did not pay income tax or excess profits duty. The Hongkong Government cannot however agree that the owners lost money, and it suggests that, in the minds of some owners at least, there has been a confusion of thought between losses supposedly incurred and profits anticipated from war conditions which were not received.

33. In a letter addressed to the North China Daily News, under date the 21st June, 1923, Mr. Burkill wrote:-

CC

The most amusing feature of this is that while the Hongkong Governmntt were apparently carrying such war risk, they kept the secret so well tnat shipowners were not informed that war risk was covered, and I defy ehy Government servant in Hongkong to produce any document showing tech the owners of the S.S. Wollowra were notified that the boat was covered for a specified sum under a Government war risk policy or any other war risk policy."

66

Mr. Burkill had previously said that we received no Government policy for war risk, and insuring this risk was no small cost even though our boats were not in the danger zone.'

The S.S. Wollowra was requisitioned on the 30th November, 1917, under Admiralty Charter Party T. 99, in which it was stated that the Government assumed liability for war risk.

In a circular letter, addressed under date the 13th March, 1918, to owners or agents of all the steamers, including the S.S. Wollowra, it was stated :----

"The Government will accept all war risks (vide clause 19 of Charter Party T. 99) but, where it has been your practice to incur this expense in the past, you are authorised, for the present, to continue this expenditure on Government account".

As in his letter to the North China Daily News Mr. Burkill quoted this circular letter, he had presumably read it.

On the 18th May, 1918, Messrs. Moller & Company, representing the Wollowra's owners, wrote:-

re

S.S. Manapouri, Castlefield, Wollowra. The parties concerned are anxious to know if in case of any of these vessels are lost through submarine or war-like cause whilst under Government requisition or Control, whether they will be fully covered by the Government for the full value of the steamer".

The Government in reply quoted from Charter Party T. 99 the Government's undertaking to accept all war risks.

74

On the 18th July, 1918, the Shipowners Protection Association, of which Messrs. A.. R. Burkill & Sons were members, put the following questions :-

1. "In the event of a vessel being damaged or lost through any act of war on the part of an enemy raider, what compensation or redress would an owner be liable to receive from the Government ?"

2. "Does war risk insurance as covered by the Government include loss or damage to a vessel occasioned by an enemy raider and would owners receive the full insurance?"

On the 23rd July, the Government replied:-

64

Referring to your letter of the 18th July, I am directed to invite your atten- tion to Sections 11 and 12 of my circular letter of the 13th March, which read as follows:-

11. The Government will accept all war risks (vide Clause 19 of Charter Party T. 99) but, where it has been your practice to incur this expense in the past, you are authorised, for the present, to continue the expenditure on Government account, whether in the form of premium or call in respect of Policies on hull and machi- nery, including the continuance of any excess value insurance hitherto maintained by you, on the understanding that you will hold the Government absolved from liability in respect of the amount for which insurance was effected under insurance poli- cies; but when any policy on a vessel lapses it should not be renewed.

12. If the war risk insurance above authorised is vitiated by your obedience to Admiralty instructions, other than those of local navigation, or by your obedience to instructions of the control Committee, the Government will indemnify you against the con- sequences.

Clause 19 of Admiralty Charter Party T. 99, which is referred to above, reads as follows:--

19. The risks of war which are taken by the Admiralty are those risks which would be excluded from an ordinary English policy of marine insurance by the following, or similar, but not more extensive clause:-

Warranted free of capture, seizure, and detention and the consequences thereof, or of any attempt thereat, piracy excepted, and also from all consequences of hostilities or warlike operations, whether before or after declaration of war.

Such risks are taken by the Admiralty on the ascertained value of the steamer, if she be totally lost, at the time of such loss, or, if she be injured on the ascertained value of such injury.

Should a dispute arise as to the value of the steamer the same shall

be settled as laid down in clause 31.

This reply relates of course only to ships under Government requisition under the scheme laid down in the above circular letter."

As the owners knew exactly their rights and the Government's liabilities in respect of war risk; namely that their ships were fully covered in a value which would be settled by agreement, or, failing agreement, by arbitration, and on appeal by the Courts; it did not occur to the Government to notify them individually as to the precise manner in which the risk was being carried. Detailed information was open to any one who might enquire. A similar practice obtained in respect of vessels under Imperial requisition.

The Government received no claims for a refund in respect of war risk expenditure incurred by owners, nor did any owner state that he was insuring against war risk.

34. Mr. Burkill wrote also:-

"Further as the Honourable Mr. A. G. M. Fletcher is still trailing the red herr- ing re Imperial Government and the Naval Commodore, etc., being respon- sible-may I remind him that this also was a Government secret, and if he

}

75

will look up a certain notice of Requisition and Control dated 13th March, 1918, and headed “Colonial Secretary's Office, Hongkong" he will see that it was signed by the Honourable Claud Severn and stated that the Governor of Hongkong, etc., etc.

Under this document how does he make out that the actual requisition was

carried out by the Commodore?"

On the 10th December, 1917, the Solicitors for the Wollowra Steamship Company, in which Mr. Burkill was interested, wrote to the Commodore :-

"S.S. Wollowra. The above ship has been requisitioned by the Admiralty"

and they proceeded to ask for certain information.

Messrs. Burkill's steamer Patriot was requisitioned under the following letter addressed separately to each owner:---

"H. M. DOCKYARD.

With reference to the letter of the Colonial Secretary dated 13th March, 1918, I am directed by the Commodore to inform you that your vessel is requisi- tioned and will be brought under the Hongkong Liner Requisition Scheme."

On the 19th April, 1918, Solicitors, definitely stating that they represented the owners of the S.S. Manapouri, Castlefield, Wollowra, and Patriot, wrote:-

"Hongkong Shipping Control Scheme. Our clients are at present unaware under what legislative authority the above Scheme is being carried out and would be grateful for some enlightenment on the subject."

The Government replied:-

""

"As to the question of legal authority, the ships have been requisitioned on behalf of, and under instructions from, His Majesty's Government, who have instructed this Government to superintend their management. In these circumstances this Government must refer you to His Majesty's Government on the point of the legal authority for the requisitioning. This Government has definite instructions that the remunera- tion to vessels under the local scheme is to approximate to that paid to the larger and more important class of vessels on the China Coast which are under the Imperial Liner Requisition Scheme."

35. At the meeting in Shanghai, which has been referred to, Mr. Moller said :--

"In December, 1919, a test case was instituted against the Government in the

Hongkong Courts.

Immediately upon legal action being taken the Colonial Secretary approached the owners through the Shipowners Protection Association with a view and a request to stay such legal pro- ceedings for such period as would give him time to communicate with the Home Government with a view to settling the matter amicably, pointing out that it was inadvisable to continue expensive litigation when it was possible to settle the matter otherwise. Unfortunately your Chairman and Mr. S. T. Williamson (The Chairman of the Shipowners Protection Asso- ciation) agreed to this request. This was an unfortunate mistake on their part as it gave the Hongkong Government time to prepare and put into effect an effective counter-move to frustrate and forestall the owners' claim. This took the shape of the Indemnity Ordinance, 1922."

Mr. Burkill said :-

"After agreeing to postpone the case instituted against the Government because the Shipping Controller was going on leave and because we were given to understand it would help materially an amicable settlement we found that the postponement was merely used to enable an Indemnity Act to be framed and passed which put us out of Court".

Mr. Moller subsequently, in view of comments in the Hongkong Press, wrote to the North China Daily News:-

"Mr. Fletcher has seen fit to remark to the Press that many of my statements

are untrue, to wit

That my statement "That the Colonial Secretary at Hongkong obtained a stay of legal proceedings, and later the

76

Government protected itself by Ordinance," is untrue. Surely Mr. A. G. M. Fletcher cannot forget the interview, that both Mr. Williamson and myself attended up at his office in the Colonial Secretariat Building. The meeting, at which the inadvisability of both parties carrying on with the legal proceedings, already instituted by us, was brought up; where it was pointed out to us, the futility of incurring huge mutual legal obligations : and where it was suggested, that in view of the early departure for Home of Mr. A. G. M. Fletcher, we should leave all proceedings in abeyance until his return, and that in the interim an adjustment might possibly take place.

There is no object for me to make any untrue statements, as no possible good would ever result therefrom, nor do I desire to associate myself with any such means to attain my ends. And, I will again state that the result of this interview was the means of the legal proceedings being held up, and such facts are in written existence in Hongkong to-day.

At that interview there was no whisper, intention, or warning placed before Mr. Williamson or myself that an Ordinance and the Eventual Indemnity Act of 1922, would be set into operation during Mr. Fletcher's absence at Home, but such really was the case, and it came into operation and full force shortly after his return to the Colony.

The coincidence and the connection were remarkable, and still even in face of this, I still believe and contend that Mr. Fletcher was at that meeting, acting in entire good faith towards us, but that all the same the subsequent inauguration of the Indemnity Act of 1922, was started almost immediately afterwards with a view to block our claim and crumple our legal proceedings.

Both Mr. Williamson and myself, took the guidance of Mr. Fletcher at the interview in entire good faith and acted upon same by suspending our legal proceedings forthwith."

In short, these statements are to the effect that, immediately after legal proceedings were commenced, Mr. Fletcher approached the owners with a request for the stay of such proceedings with a view to an amicable settlement; and the words used are capable of being understood as conveying a suggestion that Mr. Fletcher deliberately proposed the stay in order to give the Hongkong Government time to prepare the Indemnity Ordinance.

36. The accuracy of these statements by Mr. Moller and Mr. Burkill may perhaps be called in question.

There is first the use of the word "immediately", with its obvious inference that the legal proceedings caused Mr. Fletcher or the Hongkong Government some perturba- tion. Mr. Moller rightly says that the proceedings were commenced in December, 1919, and he has supplied the date of Mr. Fletcher's alleged request in the passage beginning "Surely Mr. A. G. M. Fletcher cannot forget the interview". The interview took place on the the 23rd August, 1920, and Mr. Moller's "immediately resolves itself into a period of more than eight months.

The second point is the statement that Mr. Fletcher approached the owners with a view and a request to stay proceedings. Mr. Fletcher did not approach the owners. The owners approached him. The evidence on this point is as follows:

Mr. Fletcher to the Hon. Mr. E. H. Sharp, K.C., Counsel for the Hongkong

Government: 24th August, 1920.

"Moller and Williamson tell me that Turner from Deacon's office represented to them yesterday that you were anxious to get on with the Wollowra case immediately. I had seen Moller and Williamson yesterday before Turner came to them and we agreed informally that it would be better to let the matter stand over in order that there might be opportunity for consider- ation of certain cases which were now pending at home ".

Crown Solicitor to Messrs. Deacon, Looker, Deacon, and Harston: 25th August, 1920:-

"Wollowra Steamship Co. v. Attorney General.

}

77

With regard to Messrs. Moller and Williamson's proposal to the Colonial Secre-

tary that this case should stand over".

Minute by the Attorney General: 1st June, 1921 :-

"As a matter of fact the arrangement was made at the request of the plaintiffs, and I remember that I felt some difficulty about agreeing because there was always the possibility that Mr. Fletcher might not return and he is the only person who knows anything about the facts".

Crown Solicitor to Messrs. Deacon, Looker, Deacon, & Harston, 6th June, 1921 :

"I would remind you that the arrangement that the action should stand over

was made at the request of your clients".

Messrs. Deacon, Looker, Deacon, & Harston to Crown Solicitor, 7th June, 1921 :---

"We think that the arrangement referred to, although actually made at our clients' request, was in fact (and was so understood by both sides) a mutual agreement for the mutual benefit of both sides as Mr. Fletcher and Mr. Williamson were, at the time that the arrangement was made under- stood to be about to leave the Colony ".

In "The humble petition of Messrs. A. R. Burkill & Sons of Shanghai, Messrs. Moller & Co. (Shanghai) Limited of Shanghai" and others, dated the 17th June, 1921, the following statement appears "On the 25th August, 1920, the Government con- sented to the case being postponed ".

Mr. Fletcher concurs that the arrangement, though proposed by the owners, was mutual. A representation was made to him that certain actions, involving similar claims against the Imperial Government, were pending at home, and he entirely agreed with Mr. Moller and Mr. Williamson that it would be a mere waste of money for the owners to proceed with their case in Hongkong, when it appeared possible that the matter in dispute would shortly be settled at home, at the expense of litigants in the Courts in London.

The third point is the suggestion that, in agreeing to the stay of proceedings, Mr. Fletcher had some information regarding the intention of the Government to pass an Indemnity Ordinance, which he concealed from the owners.

Messrs. Deacon, Looker, Deacon, & Harston wrote to the Crown Solicitor on the 7th June, 1921 :-

"We do not know whether the Government had the present proposed Ordi- nance in mind when this arrangement (for the stay of proceedings) was come to. If it had, disclosure thereof should have been made.

The Crown Solicitor replied on the 16th June, 1921 :-

"When the above arrangement was made last August, the Government had no Indemnity Ordinance of any kind in contemplation and had never considered the question of introducing an Indemnity Ordinance."

The first proposal for an Indemnity Ordinance came from the Secretary of State for the Colonies in a circular despatch, dated the 28th December, 1920, which reached Hongkong on the 13th February, 1921. Mr. Fletcher left the Colony for England on the 1st January, 1921, and on that date neither he nor the Government had contemplated any question of an Indemnity Ordinance. The Governor wrote to the Secretary of State on the 27th November regarding the legal proceedings which had been commenced, and he made no suggestion of any possibility of a solution by means of an Indemnity Bill. The circular despatch of the 28th December, 1920, is the opening document on the file dealing with the proposal for an ordinance.

Mr. Fletcher arrived in England at the end of February, 1921, and, on a date which he cannot recall, he was informed at the Colonial Office of the circular despatch, and his opinion was invited. He referred to the arrangement for the stay of legal proceedings

7

78

during his absence and he suggested that the introduction of an ordinance in the Colony would be construed as an act of bad faith or the part of the Hongkong Government. The Imperial Government, under whose orders the Hongkong Government had acted, was obviously the responsible party, and, if it desired to make certain of its position, it should do so by means of the Imperial legislation.

Mr. Fletcher heard nothing further until his return to the Colony on the 15th December, 1921, when he found that the Indemnity Bill had been read a first time. He re-opened negotiations with the owners, which finally ended in the proposal as to divi- sion of profits, which the Unofficial Members of the Legislative Council rejected. The Unofficial Members at the same time advised that the Indemnity Bill should be proceeded with.

It seemed to Mr. Fletcher that he could not usefully do anything more on behalf of the owners, and he reported to the Attorney General on the 27th July, 1922, that he had interviewed Mr. Williamson and Mr. Shenton and that "I took the attitude that the question of future action was now out of my hands and the correspondence should be between the Solicitors."

The Indemnity Ordinance became law on the 18th August, 1922.

25th July, 1923.

A. G. M. FLETCHER,

Colonial Secretary,

Ex-Chairman, Vital Requirements Committee, Shipping Control Committee.

1

THE MAGISTRACY,

SIR,

HONGKONG, 26th January, 1923.

On behalf of the Commission appointed by Your Excellency to enquire "into the circumstances attending the piracy on the Steamship Sui An on Sunday, the 19th of November, 1922, and to consider whether the existing precautions against piracy are adequate and efficient", I have the honour to forward herewith our Report.

2. Together with the Report I enclose a copy of the notes of evidence taken at the public examination of witnesses and also a plan of the ship showing its construction at the time of the piracy.

3. The Commission has been placed under obligation to a number of passengers on the ship who attended to explain the incidents of the piracy and also to individuals and to representatives of public bodies who either in conference or in correspondence have afforded us the benefit of their advice.

4. The Commission desire me to bring to Your Excellency's notice their apprecia- tion of the services rendered by Mr. W. J. CARRIE as Secretary to the Commission. He has given much capable and energetic assistance to the deliberations of the Commission. 5. We are indebted also to Mr. S. H. GARROD for careful work as stenographer during the public examination of witnesses aud in the preparation of our Report.

I have the honour to be,

Sir.

Your Excellency's obedient servant,

His Excellency

Sir R. E. STUBBS, K.C.M.G.,

Governor of Hongkong,

&c.,

dec.,

&c.

J. R. WOOD,

Chairman.

5

HONGKONG.

REPORT OF THE "SUI AN" PIRACY COMMISSION.

No. 1923

2

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor, 8th February, 1923.

We, the members of the Commission appointed by His Excellency the Governor to enquire into the circumstances attending the piracy on the Steamship Sui An on Sunday, the 19th of November, 1922, and to consider whether the existing precautions against piracy are adequate and efficient, have the honour to submit the following report and recommendations.

1.-S.S. "Sui An”.

The S.S. Sui An is a River Steamer, Official Number 120,997 owned by the Hong- kong, Canton and Macao Steamboat Company Limited and employed in the conveyance of both cargo and passengers between Hongkong and Macao. The ship was originally built in Shanghai in 1899 by Messrs. Farnham Boyd and Company and was reconstructed in 1917, after a fire on board, by Messrs. Kwong Tuck Cheong in Hongkong. The hull is of steel with a wooden superstructure, and her net tonnage is about 1040. The engines have an indicated Horse Power of 600 and the ship is provided with twin screws. Her speed is about 11 knots.

2.--The Piracy Incident.

The S.S. Sui An sailed from Macao on her return voyage to Hongkong on Sunday the 19th November, 1922, leaving her wharf in Macao at 5 p.m. Until 5.35 p.m. the Master, Captain Birss, was on the navigating bridge with the Chief Chinese Quarter- master at the wheel, while the Chief Engineer, Mr. Cullen, was in control of the engine room. At 5.35 p.m. the ship was clear of the last buoy in the waters of Macao and the Master then left the bridge, handing over charge to the Chief Officer, Mr. Copland. At the same time the Chief Chinese Quartermaster handed over the wheel to the Second Chinese Quartermaster. The Chief Engineer also left the engine room, leaving the Second Engineer, Mr. Harman, in charge. The ship carried four certificated officers only, the Master, the Chief Officer, the Chief Engineer and the Second Engineer. It also carried a European Purser, a l'ortuguese, Mr. d'Eca. After leaving his post of duty the Master proceeded to the stern of the ship on the boat deck, where, accompanied by some passengers, he was observing the sunset and the Chief Engineer went to his room on the boat deck on the port side.

There were on board a large number of first, second and third class passengers. The third class passengers travelled on the lower deck, the second class passengers on the after part of the main deck, and the first class passengers on the boat deck and also in the saloon and the cabins which were on the fore part of the main deck. All records of the number of passengers on board were destroyed during the piracy and it is now impossible to discover how many passengers there were.

The ship carried six Ship's Guards under the Piracy Regulations who were Indians. At 5.35 p.m. four guards were on duty. They were posted as follows:-Noor Mahomed, Guard No. 256, on the main deck guarded the after companion on the port side, which connected with the lower deck and with the boat deck; Rakhman Shah, Guard No. 211, was posted similarly on the main deck guarding the after companion on the starboard side; Fazal Din, Guard No. 13, patrolled the boat deck on the starboard side aft of the metal grille behind the smoking room; Cheggattah Khan, Guard No. 46, patrolled

2

6

the boat deck on the port side also aft of the same grille. The two guards who were off duty, Nizam Din, Guard No. 66, and Hayat Khan, Guard No. 299, were in their room which was on the boat deck aft of the engine room skylight.

The course of the ship was set for the south-west corner of Lantao Island. The voyage to Hongkong was expected to take about four hours from wharf to wharf.

On this evening the weather was fair. Sunset occurred at 5.39 p.m.

The pirates commenced operations shortly after sunset and while it was still day- light, the ship being in a “Danger Zone" as defined by the Piracy Regulations.

It was customary on this ship for fares to be collected on board during the voyage, tickets being issued to passengers and collected subsequently from them. The first and second class passengers' fares and tickets were collected by the Purser. The third class accommodation was farmed out to the Ship's compradore. The moment chosen by the pirates coincided with the time when the compradore had finished collecting the tickets from third class passengers and was returning from the lower deck to the main deck by one of the after companions.

The pirates' attack commenced on the main deck among the second class passengers, and there only. It does not appear that any simultaneous steps were taken by them among the first class or the third class passengers. The pirates fired on the two Indian guards posted on the main deck; Rakhman Shah was hit while Noor Mahomed escaped unhurt on to the boat deck through the after companion on the port side. Pirates then came up on to the boat deck by both companions. They were all armed with firearms of different kinds. One Indian Guard, Cheggattah Khan, was seen to go down to the main deck from the boat deck by the port side companion in order to deal with the trouble below, but he would seem to have returned to the boat deck where he was afterwards observed lying wounded.

The initial attack upon the engine room and the bridge seems to have been conducted by not more than ten pirates who fired on the two guards on duty on the main deck and then proceeded to the boat deck.

On the boat deck shots were exchanged between the guards and the pirates. Immediately on realising what had happened the Master ordered his guards to follow him to the bridge. He ran towards the bridge along the boat deck on the port side, but was almost immediately shot from behind and fell near the engine room skylight. Cheggattah Khan, who had returned to the boat deck, was also shot down aft of the engine room skylight. Noor Mahomed and Fazal Din fought a retiring action. Noor Mahomed observed a pirate standing over Captain Birss and shot him, inflicting a wound. He himself was shot down near the smoking room. Fazal Din was wounded, but reached the bridge. He had expended all his revolver ammunition, and while he was loading his rifle which had been carried, by order of the Master, unloaded he received a blow on the head from the butt end of a revolver and was rendered unconscious. The two guards who were off duty were at once overpowered.

The guards who were on duty were armed as follows:-

(a.) Noor Mahomed, Guard No. 256. One six-chambered revolver loaded with

six rounds of ammunition.

(b.) Rakhman Shah, Guard No. 211. One six-chambered revolver loaded with

six rounds of ammunition, also four additional rounds of ammunition. (c.) Fazal Din, Guard No. 13. One six-chambered revolver loaded in four chambers only, also six additional rounds of ammunition, also one rifle, unloaded, with twelve rounds of ammunition.

(d.) Cheggattah Khan, Guard No. 46. Khan, Guard No. 46. amount of ammunition unknown.

One revolver and

One revolver and one rifle with an

His rifle also was unloaded.

All guards on duty were provided with whistles.

7

The surviving guards who were armed and on duty made full use of their revolvers. Two guards, namely, Rakhman Shah and Cheggattah Khan are presumed to be dead. Their bodies were not found on board after the pirates left the ship.

room.

The guards who were off duty were unarmed but had loaded revolvers in their

The Master and other certificated officers were carrying no arms at the commence- ment of the pirates' attack.

3

Of the attacking party, four entered the engine room from the skylight, and shots were fired into the engine room from the boat deck. The Second Engineer and his Chinese staff were unarmed and could do nothing. Other pirates of the party went for- ward and obtained control of the bridge. At one time an armed pirate was to be seen in command of each of the three after windows of the smoking room. On the bridge itself there were the Chief Officer, the Second Chinese Quartermaster and the guard Fazal Din who had retired to the bridge. The Second Chinese Quartermaster, who was steering, jumped from the bridge on to the main deck forr'ard and took refuge in the fo'c's'le. The guard had fired off all four rounds from his revolver and was in process of loading his rifle. Two or possibly more pirates came on to the bridge. They did not fire, probably because they had expended all their ammunition. They snapped their revolvers without result. They therefore put the Chief Officer and the guard out of action by blows struck with their revolvers. One of the passengers Mr. S. E. G. Hawthorne attempted a plucky resistance by attacking one of the pirates and in endeavouring to throw him overboard he was shot down. Several passengers received bullet wounds.

In the meantime a panic had occurred on board, but it seems likely that the remainder of the pirate gang did not declare itself until the success of the attack upon the engine room and upon the bridge had been confirmed. A number of first class passengers on their own initiative assembled in the saloon, and it is shown by the evidence of eye- witnesses that a considerable interval, two or three minutes, elapsed before the appearance of any pirates in the saloon itself. The pirates who came into the saloon came from the boat deck through the smoking room.

No attack was made on the bridge from the forr'ard main deck. The plan of the pirates was to advance along the boat deck from the after companions.

We are not satisfied that any person travelling among the first class passengers took part in the piracy, nor are we convinced that there was a woman among the pirates. It appears that several of the pirates during these proceedings wore women's clothes, probably taken from passengers.

We have found no reason to suppose that any member of the ship's crew was privy to the piracy.

The pirates obtained control of the bridge and the engine room in a very short time indeed. The surprise was complete and successful.

The Second Engineer and his staff worked the engines under compulsion by the pirates. On the bridge the wheel was taken by passengers and by the Second Chinese Quartermaster under the directions of the pirates.

No further resistance was offered. The pirates, whose numbers have been variously estimated from 35 to 50, proceeded to rob the passengers and rifle the ship.

The active proceedings of the pirates continued through the night until 5 a.m. the following morning. The pirates left the ship at about 7 a.m. in Bias Bay. After exchanging signals with the shore they left in fourteen sampans.

When the piracy began the ship would have been about eight or nine miles from her wharf in Macao. Her engines were going full speed ahead, and her course was laid for the southern route between Hongkong and Macao. She continued to go at full speed. Within half an hour of the commencement of the piracy all lights on board were

8

extinguished and the ship then proceeded without lights. Her course was steered to pass through Cheung Chau Channel towards Hongkong. Her course was then altered to pass through the West Lamma Channel and eastwards, passing South of Waglan Lighthouse about 2 miles. The time would then be about midnight. The course of the ship was steered eastward until about 3 a.m. when the course was set to pass through Sam Mun Channel where she arrived about 5 a.m., and thence to Bias Bay.

On the departure of the pirates the Chief Officer took charge of the ship and navigated her back to Hongkong where assistance was rendered.

3. Opportunities for reporting the ship en route.

The passage of the ship during the piracy was not observed either from Cheung Chau Police Station nor from Waglan Lighthouse nor from the Chinese Maritime Customs Station at Sam Mun. The ship did not meet any patrol launch of the Hongkong Water Police. In our opinion no blame attaches to anyone on this account.

4. Action by the Secretary of the Hongkong, Canton and

Macao Steamboat Company, Limited.

The ship was overdue in Hongkong at 10 p.m. on the 19th November. The fact of the late arrival of the ship did not arouse immediate alarm on her account since there had been occasions when such delay had been caused through inability, on account of lack of water, to cross the mud-flats outside Macao Harbour. The Eastern Extension Telegraph Company's office in Macao at that hour was closed, and it was not possible to ascertain by cable whether the ship had in fact left her port of departure. Relief measures were therefore not organized by the Secretary of the Company until 9 a.m. on the 20th November, when telegraphic information had reached him from Macao. We cannot see that, with the information and resources at his disposal, the Secretary could have taken any more effective action.

5. Conduct of the Master and other Certificated Officers of

the ship during the attack.

In our opinion Captain Birss acted in a proper manner. When he found that a piratical attack was being made, he attempted to reach the bridge with all despatch as the position to be defended by the guard. He was unfortunately shot down before he could reach this protected area.

The Chief Officer, Mr. Copland, had only joined the ship three days before. He was on duty on the bridge. Apparently he had no time to realise the attack of the pirates until they had practically reached the bridge, and he was put out of action by a blow on the head from a revolver.

The Chief Engineer, Mr. Cullen, was in his cabin on the boat deck on the port side. He was captured by the pirates and secured on the bridge.

The Second Engineer, Mr. Harman, was on duty in the engine room.

The engine room was entered by armed men who covered him with their firearms. He continued to superintend the engines under compulsion. In our opinion he had no option but to do so, and we are satisfied that if Mr. Harman had seen any way to change the situation, he would have made an attempt.

6. Conduct of the ship's guards during the attack.

The behaviour of the ship's guards appears to have been excellent.

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7.-Observance of the Piracy Regulations in connection

with the ship.

(1)-BY THE OWNERS. (a.)-Construction.

Regulation No. 1 which requires that "Dodgers constructed of bullet proof material shall be erected on the bridge deck aft of the wheel house was observed.

Regulation No. 2 provides that "A strong and substantial grille of expanded metal or barbed wire shall be strongly and substantially erected across the ship aft of the line of the dodgers." This regulation was not observed. In lieu of the prescribed grille to be erected across the ship, two grilles were erected at the after end of the smoking room. on the boat deck, intended to close the deck on the port and starboard side of the smoking

room.

Regulations Nos. 3 and 4 which relate to "barbed wire"

were observed.

Regulation No. 5 directs that "Any access provided to the bridge deck from below shall be aft of the grille except by special permission of the Harbour Master signified in writing." In fact access to the bridge deck was provided forward of the grille, through the smoking room.

Regulation No. 6 requires that "Every entrance to the engine and boiler rooms shall be provided with strong and substantial solid metal or metal grille doors." No grille was provided to the engine room on the boat deck.

Regulation No. 7 which relates to steam hose on the navigating bridge" was

observed.

Regulation No. 8 which requires direct access to the bridge deck from the engine and boiler rooms was also observed.

By Regulation No. 9 a locked baggage room is required for the heavy baggage of the first and second class passengers. No such baggage room was provided.

By Regulation No. 10 "The accommodation for passengers other than those of the first class shall be of such a nature that it can be isolated from the rest of the ship and from the crew and can be entered only by means of metal grille doors." This Regula- tion was sufficiently observed on the main deck. No attempt was made to observe it as between second class passengers on the main deck and the first class passengers who were using the boat deck above.

The fastenings and locks required by Regulation No. 11 for the the ship's holds were duly provided.

Regulation No. 12 relates to the disposition of deck cargo and was not observed.

No blame whatever attaches to the owners of the ship in respect of any omission here recorded to observe these Regulations.

Regulation No. 13 contemplates the relaxation of any of these requirements by the Harbour Master who must certify his satisfaction with the constructional arrangements of the ship. The Harbour Master duly issued his certificate in respect of this ship.

(b).-Equipment.

The ship was fully equipped by her owners with arms, rockets, etc., as required by Regulations Nos. 14 and 15.

The number of guards employed was six, being two in excess of the number required by the Regulations.

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(c.)—Cargo and passengers' baggage, etc.

The Regulations with regard to the stowage of cargo and passengers' baggage have never been observed or enforced. The responsibility here must be shared alike by the owners of the ships, by the Master, by the Captain Superintendent of Police and by the Harbour Master. The omission to observe these regulations has been open and deliberate and has been in no measure an evasion. As will appear later in this report we are unanimously of opinion that these provisions are impracticable and ineffective.

(d).--General.

So far as the responsibility for carrying out these Regulations rests upon the owners, we find that the owners of S.S. Sui An have been completely exonerated.

We are impressed with the fact that they have done everything in their power to ensure that full effect should be given to the Regulations on this ship.

(2.)-BY THE MASTER.

Captain Birss, the Master of the S.S. Sui An, has in our opinion contravened the following Regulations :----

(a.) Regulation No. 26, which requires that "Each guard while on duty shall carry one police whistle, one rifle and 50 rounds of ammunition, and one revolver and 25 rounds of ammunition

(b.) Regulation No. 27, which requires that guards shall be exercised weekly in the use of their weapons. Also Regulation No. 20 which requires that the arms and ammunition of the ship should be tested weekly by the ship's officers.

(c.) Regulation No. 28, which lays down that "At least one guard shall be on duty and shall patrol the space between the dodgers and the grille protecting the bridge deck at all times during the voyage". All guards on duty were posted outside the grille which protected the bridge deck.. (d) Regulation No. 32, which requires that "Each certificated officer shall carry one revolver and 25 rounds of ammunition at all times while the ship is in a danger zone”. The Master and his certificated officers were carrying no arms.

The

(e.) Regulation No. 52. This relates to the locking of the engine and boiler room doors at all times while the ship is in a danger zone. Master shares with the Chief Engineer the responsibility for the fact that the doors of the engine and boiler room remained unlocked,

We find that Captain Birss understood the terms of the Regulations and the purpose for which they were framed. He however disapproved of them for reasons which he has given us and made his own arrangements independently of them. We consider the reasons given by Captain Birss to be unsatisfactory and that the arrangements he made in lieu of those laid down in the Regulations were of such a nature as to make the** defence of the bridge in event of attack, practically abortive. Only two rifles were issued to the four guards on duty. By direction of Captain Birss they were carried unloaded. The guards were only given a few rounds of ammunition for their revolvers. Neither Captain Birss nor any of his certificated officers carried arms. The Piracy Regulations were not brought to the notice of the officers by the Master. The only direction given by him in the event of a piracy was that the guards should retire to the bridge. He failed to realise the danger of piracy and that any piracy must be a surprise attack. His guards were not properly disposed. We realise fully the difficulty in which Captain. Birss was placed by the surprise piratical attack made on his ship. We desire to guard ourselves from being understood to reflect here upon his personal conduct on that occasion. In our opinion, however, he must be found negligent in having omitted to hold himself, his certificated officers, and his guards, in readiness to defend the ship in accordance with the Piracy Regulations.

(3).-BY THE CHIEF OFFICER.

We find that the Chief Officer must be held negligent for having omitted to carry arms as required by Regulation No. 39.

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(4).-BY THE CHIEF ENGINEER.

We find that the Chief Engineer must be held negligent for his failure to comply with Regulation No. 32. He also omitted to comply with Regulation No. 52 which requires that the doors of the engine and boiler rooms should be kept locked.

(5).-BY THE SECOND ENGINEER.

What we have stated above with reference to the Chief Engineer applies also to the Second Engineer. At the same time with reference to his position in this enquiry having contravened Regulation No. 32, we notice that he was on duty in the engine room at the time of this occurrence, and we shall here later recommend that certificated officers on duty in the engine room shall not be required to carry arms upon their persons.

(6).THE GRILLES AND THE DISPOSITION OF THE GUARDS,

There are two outstanding features in the circumstances of this occurrence to which our attention has been drawn. Firstly, the grilles prescribed by Regulation No. 2 or provided in accordance with Regulation No. 10 were not kept locked. Secondly, two guards out of the four who were on duty were posted aft on the main deck among the second class passengers. Both these matters are within the province of the Master only. We notice that no contravention of any Regulation is involved in them. The Regulations require grilles but at the same time omit to require that they should be locked. It is, of course, obviously improper that they should not be kept locked. The suggestion has been made to us that this omission by the Master constitutes a breach of Regulation No. 56 which requires that "The Master shall commit no act of omission which may tend to prevent any of the provisions of these Regulations from being properly carried out". We rejeen this suggestion and are content to express the view that Captain Rirss would have carried out his duty as Master more efficiently if he had taken steps to keep the grilles locked. The two guards allocated to the main deck aft were posted there by the Master primarily to protect the bridge deck, &c., in accordance with Regulation No. 24 (6). We have only one comment to make on this subject, namely, that in our opinion a better and more effective disposition could have been made.

(7.)-GENERAL.

The complete success of the piratical attack on the S.S. Sui An was in our opinion due to the fact that the Piracy Regulations generally were not carried out as a routine on this ship; the officers carried no arms on duty; the guards were improperly armed and badly placed for defence. There seems to have been no anticipation whatever of an attack.

8. Adequacy of the existing Piracy Regulations for the suppression of the attack made upon the S. S. "Sui An".

If the Piracy Regulations had been strictly followed by Captain Bir one guard provided with a whistle and armed with one rifle and 50 rounds of ammunition, also with one revolver and 25 rounds of ammunition would have been on duty near the bridge between the dodgers and the grille. A second guard similarly equipped, presumably posted on the bridge deck forr'ard of the engine room skylight would have been also on duty. Every certificated officer, whether on or off duty, would have carried a revolver and 25 rounds of ammunition. Apart from these Regulations we think it likely that if discipline had been enforced on the officers and on the guards of the ship, the master of the ship, in view of the short duration of the voyage, would have been found at the time of this attack, near the bridge. In our opinion these Regulations if carried out would have been effectual to this extent. We think it unlikely that this piratical plan of attack would ever have been attempted. If it had been attempted, in our view the bridge could have been held against the attack for a sufficient time to have robbed it of its element of surprise. An opportunity would have been furnished to inflict damage upon the attackers and to send up signals of distress. It is probable that the bridge could not have been finally held against a determined assault by a large body of armed pirates, but unless the success of the surprise is practically certain, no surprise attack would be undertaken on a ship of the type of the S.S. Sui An.

tons.

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9.-Recommendations on the Piracy Regulations and on the

measures for the suppression of piracy.

In these recommendations we omit all consideration of vessels not exceeding 60

(a.)--Existing Regulations experimental.

The existing Piracy Regulations when originally passed were experimental in character. In the light of experience they have been only partially enforced though their form has not been amended. We think that it may be found more convenient to repeal the present Regulations and substitute others than to use them as a basis for amend-

ment.

(b.)---Recommended distinction between River Steamers and Ocean Steamers,

We recommend that a separate series of regulations should be drawn up for steamers trading to River ports or Macao (River steamers) and for steamers trading to sea-coast ports (Ocean steamers). The conditions of ocean trade and river trade are as distinct as the general design of the steamers. Regulations applicable to the one are inapplic- able to the other.

(c.)-Recommended exemption of ocean steamers from the Regulations in

certain circumstances.

With reference to ocean steamers we recommend a general exemption from all regulations in respect of (1) steamers equipped with wireless apparatus and carrying a non-Chinese crew, and (2) steamers equipped with wireless apparatus, of whatever nationality the crew may be, provided they do not carry more than 50 passengers of all classes.

(d.)—Construction. Proposed establishment of a committee to devise a scheme for each ship.

Under the heading of construction we recommend that the present regulations be abandoned and that no standard regulations whatever be imposed. We make this recommendation both for river steamers and for ocean steamers. Ships vary in design, size and purpose to such an extent that general regulations in practice must be relaxed until their usefulness tends to disappear. In place of standard regulations we suggest that the constructional defence of each ship be worked out on the merits of each indivi- dual ship by a committee to be convened by the Harbour Master while the ship is in port. The committee which we have in mind might consist of the Assistant Harbour Master, (ex-officio chairman), an Assistant Superintendent of Police, a representative appointed by the owners and the Master of the ship. The scheme designed by this committee and approved by the Harbour Master would become the legal scheme of defence for the ship.

(e.)--General defensive measures: the same.

The same committee would also settle the general defensive measures, such as the disposition of the guards.

(f.)-Importance of co-operation between responsible authorities.

We anticipate from this proposal an increase of co-operation between the official authorities and the master, who, having the duty of carrying out the scheme adopted would in the ordinary course have a major influence in the discussion. The Assistant Harbour Master would be more particularly concerned with the construction of the ship. and the Assistant Superintendent of Police with the guards, their duties and disposition. The extra work involved would have its compensation in additional efficiency, the result of co-operation. In our opinion it is of great importance to enlist the interest of the ship's officers in the defence of their ship. The defence of the ship should be their affair and the official authorities should figure as assisting them in perfecting it and carrying it out. We think that this scheme can be accomplished without causing any delay to ships.

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(g.)-Revision of the scheme of defence.

When the scheme for the ship has once been adopted no question of relaxation of any rules will arise. The scheme can be subject to revision by a similar committee convened by the Harbour Master for that purpose.

(h.)-Recommendations for annual certificate of compliance with the Piracy

Regulations on survey by the Government Marine Surveyor.

We recommend that an annual certificate of compliance with the scheme in the ship's construction be issued by the Government Marine Surveyor.

(i.)-General principles of defence.

We consider that in all regulations or schemes made for the prevention of piracy, attention should be concentrated on measures of actual defence of vital parts of the ship. It seems to us that the regulations which had for their object the segregation of passen- gers from each other or from the crew, the separation of passengers from their luggage or cargo, are irksome and of little use. Such regulations tend to interfere with the regulations for the safety of passengers as, in the event of Fire or collision, it is essential to be able to get the passengers into the boats with the greatest promptitude. We believe them also to be unworkable under local conditions of the trade of river steamers. In our view the main point is not to regulate passengers in normal times on board but to have the means at hand ready to defeat the outbreak of piracy if it should

occur.

The vital parts of the ship are for the present purpose the navigating bridge and the engine room. It may be suggested that the steering chain is a third vital point to be defended, but it is difficult to imagine any circumstances in which pirates will find it worth while to interfere with the steering chain until they have obtained control of the other two vital positions. We do not think it, therefore, worth while to insist by regulation upon any protection for the steering chain.

What may be possible in a scheme of defence will vary with each ship. Generally it will be desirable to create a citadel to be fortified, garrisoned and defended. When feasible the citadel should include the navigating bridge, the certificated officers' quarters, the wireless apparatus if any and the wireless operators' rooms, the engine room sky- light or exit on deck, the strong room, the guards' quarters, also officers' lavatory, etc. Passengers should generally be wholly excluded from the citadel by locked grilles. We find that in the past grilles have usually been fitted with padlocks. We consider this unsatisfactory and recommend that all grilles and the doors to the engine and boiler rooms be provided with spring locks which can be opened from the outside only by means of keys which should at all times be in the custody of the Master. We regard it as important that the accommodation for guards should be inside the grilles.

Whether forward or aft this citadel and more particularly the navigating bridge itself should be protected by bullet proof dodgers in serviceable positions. We suggest that dodgers of metal plates with a one inch plank of hard wood between will be found. effective.

Whether it be inside or outside the citadel we recommend that the doors of the engine and boiler rooms should be kept locked at all times while the ship is under weigh. The doors of the engine and boiler rooms should in new ships be in metal made in the manner of Venetian blinds allowing for the passage of some air but not for view through them. In existing ships where there are grille doors, metal plates should be laid on platforms to protect the engine room staff from being fired upon. Wherever possible spring locks should be included in the doors, inaccessible from outside with a handle on the inside. The skylight or exit to the bridge deck should be protected also by a locked grille.

In our opinion the citadel once it is created by the Regulations, with suitable grilles and dodgers, is to be most efficiently defended by the use of firearms only. Barbed wire required by Regulation No. 3 to protect the bridge from access from below seems to be of little use in view of the great agility of the robber class. The steam hose is unserviceable, as a steam jet is ineffective at any range or against wind, and it is both noisy and difficult to operate. It is likely to be as damaging to friend as to foe. We do not recommend either that the steam hose should be replaced by a hot water hose. The latter needs a little time to commence, it is difficult to use and may only be operated for a short time without reducing the steam pressure in the ship's boilers.

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Its

The first and chief task of each committee will be the creation of this citadel. second task will be the disposition of the guards. They should be disposed inside the citadel only.

(.)--Equipment.

We think that the equipment contemplated by Regulations Nos. 14 and 15 is sufficient. We would recommend that all arms other than the sporting gun should be of a standard pattern and should be requisitioned from the Police Department at scheduled prices. The duty of inspecting and testing arms should be imposed by law upon the Police Department. We consider a quarterly inspection of arms and ammuni- tion by a Police Officer to be necessary. In our opinion the supply of arms to ships under these regulations should be systematized under the Police Department. We would urge that arms and ammunition obtained from seizures or confiscations should not be made use of in this way, but that all arms and ammunition for this purpose should be pur- chased new by the Colonial Government from the Crown Agents. The Harbour Master should also under law have the duty of inspecting and testing the rockets and other portions of the marine equipment.

(k.)-Carriage of arms.

We think that the certificated officers should carry arms at all times while the ship is in a danger zone with the exception of the engineer officers who are on duty in the engine room. On assuming duty in the engine room the engineer officer should take off his arms and place them ready to hand in some convenient place in the engine room. When off duty while the ship is in a danger zone guards should remain in uniform and should continue to carry their revolvers and 25 rounds of ammunition. All arms should be carried loaded.

(1.)-Care of arms.

The duty of inspecting and testing the ship's equipment and arms should be borne by the Master as at present. (Regulations Nos. 16 and 20).

(m.)-Carriage of rockets.

We recommend that detonating rockets be kept in a safe place on the bridge ready for immediate use.

(n.)--Guards, their employment.

We think that the number of guards required by the Regulations should not be increased except that in the case of ships travelling to Macao six guards are required, and where it is expected that treasure will be carried on a ship additional guards should be obtained from the Police Department. The duty of the guards should be to protect the citadel of the ship against piratical attack and when the ship is under weigh they should have no other duties whatever. While the ship is in port the Master may allot them other duties in the nature of the prevention of smuggling of arms and as ship's guards generally as he may think fit provided that such port duties do not interfere with the proper functioning of their piracy prevention duties when the ship is at sea. When the ship is in a danger zone at least two guards and in the case of a ship required to carry six guards at least four guards shall be on duty protecting the citadel.

(o.)-Guards, their training.

We recommend that recruits for service as ship's guards shall receive a course of training with the recruits of the Police Department until passed out as fit. The training should include drill and practice with the standard arms in actual use, rifle and revolver. They should also be subject to an annual term of instruction and musketry in the Police Department, their places being filled by substitutes from among the recruits in the interval. They should also be exercised weekly by the Master in the use of their weapons as at present required by Regulation No. 27.

(p.)-Officers and the use of arms.

We understand that some difficulty has been experienced by Masters in inducing officers to comply with the Piracy Regulations in this particular. Ordinary marine discipline does not include the observance of these Regulations. We would suggest the inclusion of a clause in marine articles signed in this port by which each man undertakes

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to carry out the Regulations. Officers who are not prepared to use arms or who are not familiar with their use are unfit for marine service in the East. Opportunities might be given to officers to train themselves in port in the use of a revolver under a Police Officer.

(q)-Definition of "Danger Zone".

The definition of a Danger Zone should be amended to operate immediately the ship leaves her wharf or mooring in Hongkong or is travelling within 120 miles of the Colony.

(r.)——Runners.

Regulations Nos. 46, 47 and 48 dealing with runners of Chinese hotels have not been enforced. Regular runners are already well known, and registration is of no value. We recommend that these regulations be abandoned.

(s.)-Search on the ships during the voyage.

We recommend an occasional inspection of river steamers in the Colonial waters when under weigh by a European Police Officer with the object of ensuring the perform- ance of the Regulations and also for the purpose of tracing arms and bad characters.

(t.)—Wireless.

We do not advise that any form of wireless apparatus should be made obligatory by the Piracy Regulations upon either ocean steamers or river steamers (Commander Beckwith dissenting as regards ocean steamers). The cost of the installation of com- plete transmitting and receiving apparatus together with the salary of the operator would be prohibitive in the case of river steamers. An automatic transmitting apparatus, designed on being set in motion to continue sending out a given signal of distress is not yet, so far as we have been able to ascertain, on the market, although no difficulty need be anticipated in inventing such an instrument. If and when such an instrument may be available, its installation upon local ships should be of great advantage as a deterrent to piracy. To render the system effective, it would be necessary with the co-operation of the authorities in Macao and in Kwang Tung to make use of constant patrols consist- ing of vessels of types possessed at the present time primarily by the Naval Authorities. Without this patrol in readiness the wireless installation on ships would be a waste of

money.

(u.)-Co-operation with the authorities in Macao and in Kwang Tung.

We recognise that the arrangements made on board the ships themselves form part only of what it is necessary to do in order to cope with piracy. Measures to be taken external to the ship are equally essential to the solution of the problem. We believe that it would have a most salutary effect if a plan of patrols, whether Naval or Colonial, could be established and worked in conjunction with Portuguese and Chinese patrols. If possible these patrols should be in wireless communication. They should have a subs- tantially higher speed than the river steamers and should work to a prearranged plan. We recommend also that both in Macao and in Chinese ports the local authorities be requested to conduct a search of passengers both leaving and arriving, and of their baggage at least as stringent as the search conducted in this Colony by the Hongkong Police. It seems probable that the arms used by the pirates on the S.S. Sui An were carried on board by passengers who embarked in Macao.

(v.)-Search by the Hongkong Police Force.

We

One of the measures on which most reliance has been placed is the search conducted of passengers and baggage on the wharves in Hongkong by the Hongkong Police before the departure of each ship. We think that the comparative absence of piracies on ships leaving Hongkong is to be attributed chiefly to the efficiency of this search and to its moral effect. In our opinion it is urgent that the Police searching parties should be strengthened. The standard searching party should consist of eight Chinese Police and one female searcher. The present European supervision seems to us to be sufficient. consider that the search parties on the wharves should be supported by the co-operation of a police pinnace in order to see that only junks and sampans having legitimate business approach the steamers at any time. With reference to Ocean steamers under the Piracy Regulations leaving from their buoys in the Harbour we recommend that one Chinese detective should be placed on board for at least eight hours prior to the ship's departure.

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10.-The Master's duty to defend his ship, and its consequences.

It is a tradition in the Mercantile Marine Service that the Master and his officers shall defend their ship against piratical attack. The obligation to resist pirates is also imperative under the existing Piracy Regulations. In our opinion it is essential that this statement of duty should be maintained and emphasized. It should, we think, be the first regulation in any new series. The master and the other ship's officers must be relieved of all duty to exercise a discretion whether to resist pirates or not.

Their duty must be clear. If they do not resist their conduct should be submitted to enquiry. It is therefore just and necessary that they should be given a scheme of defence which has a good chance of success and in which each master for himself has a personal confidence. Resistance to pirates once begun cannot be abandoned. It is then a fight to a finish without quarter. The officers must be placed in the strongest possible position for defence on board their ship. They should also be able to rely on the thoroughness of the precautions taken by the Police Department and upon the support of efficient patrols. With reference to River Steamers we are of opinion that the hand of officers will be greatly strengthened in carrying out piracy regulations if owners were required to give a bond to the Harbour Master undertaking to pay to his order a sum not exceed- ing three months' salary of any officer who, in the event of his summary dismissal under a contract made in this port, may be able to show to the satisfaction of the Harbour Master that his dismissal is due in any substantial degree to his observance of the regulations. We also think that the present system under which officers are liable to dismissal on 24 hours' notice is unsatisfactory and that all officers on river steamers should sign on articles for not less than three months.

11.-Conclusion.

Whatever measures are adopted in the Colony to prevent piracy their success will be only partial until public order is firmly established in the neighbouring Chinese Territories. The root of the evil is outside the waters of the Colony.

HONGKONG, 26th January, 1923.

J. R. WOOD, (Chairman).

C. McI. MESSER.

C. W. BECKWITH.

H. P. WHITE.

P. M. B. LAKE.

.)