Sessional Papers - 1918

PAPERS laid before the LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL of Hongkong 1918

Table of Contents

1. Armistice

Papers and Correspondence Relating to Signature

2. Chair and Ricksha Stand

Report of the Public Works Committee on the Proposed Stand at the New Tram Station at Barker Road

3. Epidemic Meningitis

Report on the investigations of the Outbreak in Hongkong, By First Lieutenant Peter K. Olitsky, M.R.C., U.S.A., of the Rockefeller institute for Medical Research, New York

4. Estimates for 1919

Financial Statements

5. Estimates of Expenditure

Abstract Showing the Differences Between 1918 and 1919

6. General Military Service

Telegrams to and from the Secretary of State for the Colonies

7. Jurors

List for 1918

8. Quarterly Return of Excesses on Sub-Heads Met By Savings Under Heads of Expenditure

For 4th Quarter of 1917

9. Quarterly Return of Excesses on Sub-Heads Met By Savings Under Heads of Expenditure

For 2nd Quarter of 1918

10. Quarterly Return of Excesses on Sub-Heads Met By Savings Under Heads of Expenditure

For 1st Quarter of 1918

11. Quarterly Return of Excesses on Sub-Heads Met By Savings Under Heads of Expenditure

For 3rd Quarter of 1918

12. Treasury Minutes

Extracts Dated 31st December, 1917, and 9th January, 1918

 

89

HONGKONG.

No 12

1918

PAPERS AND CORRESPONDENCE RELATING TO THE SIGNING OF THE ARMISTICE

BETWEEN THE ALLIED POWERS AND GERMANY,

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government, 10th December, 1918.

Extract from the Hongkong Government Gazette Extraordinary No. 48 of the 12th November, 1918.

COLONIAL SECRETARY'S DEPARTMENT.

No. 440.-It is hereby notified that His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government has received a telegram dated the 11th November, 11.20 a.m., from the Secretary of State for the Colonies, as follows:-

"Armistice signed 5 a.m. this morning."

His Excellency feels sure that all classes of the community will receive this news with profound satisfaction and rejoicing.

A. G. M. FLETCHER,

Colonial Secretary.

12th November, 1918.

Extract from the Hongkong Government Gazette Extraordinary No. 48 of the 12th November, 1918.

No. 441.-It is hereby notified that His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government in Council has, under Section 7 of the Holidays Ordinance, 1912, Ordinance No. 5 of 1912, appointed Wednesday, the 13th day of November, 1918, to be observed as a General Holiday in celebration of the Armistice with Germany.

A. D. BALL, Clerk of Councils.

COUNCIL CHAMBER,

12th November, 1918.

COLONIAL SECRETARY'S OFFICE,

HONGKONG, 12th November, 1918.

SIR, I am directed to state that it is proposed to hold a meeting of the Legislative Council in the Council Chamber at 9.30 a.m. on Wednesday, the 13th November, and thereafter (at 10 a.m.) a Service of Thanksgiving in St. John's Cathedral.

Seats are being reserved in the Council Chamber and the Cathedral for the Consular Representatives of the Allied Powers and their wives, and I am to extend an invitation to you accordingly.

I am, &c.,

The Consuls-General for the United States

of America and Japan.

The Consuls for France, Portugal, Belgium,

Russia, Siam, Italy, Brazil, Panama, and Chili.

A. G. M. FLETCHER,

Colonial Secretary.

90.

Minutes of the Meeting of the Legislative Council held on the 13th November, 1918.

PRESENT:

His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government, Hon. Mr. CLAUD SEVERN, C.M.G.

His Excellency Major-General F. VENTRIS, (General Officer Commanding Troops in China).

Hon. Mr. A. G. M. FLETCHER, (Colonial Secretary).

Hon. Mr. J. H. KEMP, C.B.E., (Attorney General).

Hon. Mr. A. M. THOMSON, (Colonial Treasurer).

Hon. Mr. E. R. HALLIFAX, (Secretary for Chinese Affairs).

Hon. Mr. C. McI. MESSER, (Captain Superintendent of Police).

Hon. Mr. T. L. PERKINS, (Director of Public Works).

Hon. Mr. H. E. POLLOCK, K.C.

Hon. P. H. HOLYOAK.

Hon. Mr. Ho Fook.

Hon. Mr. CHAN KAI-MING.

Hon. Mr. S. H. DODWELL.

Mr. A. DYER BALL, (Clerk of Councils).

H.E. the Officer Administering the Government-The following are the terms of the armistice which Germany has signed:

A.-Clauses relating to Western Front.

CLAUSE 1.-Cessation of operations by land and in the air six hours after the signa- ture of the Armistice.

CLAUSE 2.-Immediate evacuation of invaded countries, Belgium, France, Alsace- Lorraine, Luxembourg, so ordered as to be completed within 14 days from the signature of the Armistice. German troops which have not left the above mentioned territories within the period fixed will become prisoners of war. Occupation by the Allied and United States forces jointly will keep pace with evacuation in these areas.

All move- ments of evacuation and occupation will be regulated in accordance with a Note (Annexure 1).

CLAUSE 3.-Repatriation, beginning at once, to be completed within fourteen days, of all inhabitants of the countries above enumerated, including hostages, persons under trial or convicted.

CLAUSE 4. Surrender in good condition by the German Armies of the following equipment :-5,000 guns (2,500 heavy, 2,500 field), 30,000 machine-guns, 3,000 minen- werfer, 2,000 aeroplanes (fighters, bombers, first D 7s and night bombing machines). The above to be delivered in situ to the Allied and United States troops in accordance with the detailed conditions laid down in the Note (Annexure 1).

CLAUSE 5.-Evacuation by the German Armies of the countries on the left bank of the Rhine. These countries on the left bank of the Rhine shall be administered by the local authorities under the control of the Allied and United States armies of occupation. The occupation of these territories will be carried out by Allied and United States garrisons holding the principal crossings of the Rhine (Mayence, Coblenz, Cologne), together with bridgeheads at these points of a 30-kilometre radius on the right bank and by garrisons similarly holding the strategic points of the regions. A neutral zone shall be set up on the right bank of the Rhine between the river and a line drawn 10 kilo- metres distant starting from the Dutch frontier to the Swiss frontier. In the case of inhabitants, no person shall be prosecuted for having taken part in any military measures previous to the signing of the Armistice. No measure of a general or official character shall be taken which would have as a consequence the depreciation of industrial estab- lishments or a reduction of their personnel. Evacuation by the enemy of the Rhine-lands shall be so ordered as to be completed within a further period of 11 days, in all 25 days after the signature of the Armistice. All movements of evacuation and occupation will be regulated according to the Note (Annexure 1).

1

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CLAUSE 6.-In all territory evacuated by the enemy there shall be no evacuation of inhabitants; no damage or harm shall be done to the persons or property of the in- habitants. No destruction of any kind to be committed. Military establishments of all kinds shall be delivered intact as well as military stores of food. Munitions and equip- ment not to be removed during the periods fixed for evacuation, stores of food of all kinds for the civil population, cattle, etc., shall be left in situ. Industrial establishments shall not be impaired in any way and their personnel shall not be moved.

CLAUSE 7.-Roads and means of communicaton of every kind, railroads, waterways, main roads, bridges, telegraphs and telephones shall be in no manner impaired. All civil and military personnel at present employed on them shall remain. 5,000 locomo- tives, 150,000 wagons and 5,000 motor lorries in good working order with all necessary spare parts and fittings shall be delivered to the Associated Powers within the period. fixed for the evacuation of Belgium and Luxembourg. The railways of Alsace-Lorraine shall be handed over within the same period, together with all pre-war personnel and material. Further material necessary for the working of railways in the country on the left bank of the Rhine shall be left in situ. All stores of coal and material for upkeep of permanent ways, signals, and repair shops shall be left in situ and kepi as far as the means of communication are concerned in an efficient state by Germany during the whole period of the Armistice. All barges taken from the Allies shall be restored to them; the Note appended as Annexure 2 regulates the details of these measures.

CLAUSE 8.-The German Command shall be responsible for revealing all mines or delay action fuzes disposed on territory evacuated by the German troops and shall assist in their discovery and destruction. The German Command shall also reveal all destructive measures that may have been taken (such as poisoning or pollution of springs, wells, etc.), under penalty of reprisals.

CLAUSE 9.-The right of requisition shall be exercised by the Allied and United States Armies in all occupied territory, save for settlement of accounts with authorised persons; the upkeep of occupation in the Rhineland (excluding Alsace-Lorraine) shall be charged to the German Government.

CLAUSE 10.-The immediate repatriation without reciprocity, according to the detailed conditions which shall be fixed, of all Allied and United States' prisoners-of-war ; the Allied Powers and the United States of America shall be able to dispose of these prisoners as they wish. However, the return of the German prisoners-of-war interned in Holland and Switzerland shall continue as heretofore. The return of German prisoners- of-war shall be settled at the peace preliminaries.

CLAUSE 11.-Sick and wounded who cannot be removed from the evacuated territory will be cared for by German personnel, who will be left on the spot with the medical material required.

B.--Clauses relating to the Eastern frontiers of Germany.

CLAUSE 12.-All the German troops at present in any territory which before the war belonged to Russia, Roumania, or Turkey shall withdraw within the frontiers. of Germany, as they existed on August 1st, 1914. And all the German troops at present in territories which before the war formed part of Russia must likewise return to within the frontiers of Germany as above defined as soon as the Allies shall think the moment suitable, having regard to the internal situation of these territories.

CLAUSE 13.-Evacuation by German troops to begin at once; and all German in- structors, prisoners, and civilian as well as military agents, now on the territory of Russia (as defined on August 1st, 1914) to be recalled.

CLAUSE 14.--German troops to cease at once all requisitions and seizures and any other undertakings with a view to obtaining supplies intended for Germany in Roumania and Russia, as defined on August 1st, 1914.

CLAUSE 15.--Abandonment of the Treaties of Bucharest and Brest-Litovsk and of the Supplementary Treaties.

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CLAUSE 16. The Allies shall have free access to the territories evacuated by the Germans on their Eastern frontier, either through Danzig, or by the Vistula, in order to convey supplies to the populations of those territories, or for the purpose of maintaining order.

C.-Clause relating to East Africa.

CLAUSE 17.- Unconditional evacuation of all German forces operating in East Africa, within one month.

D.-General Clauses.

CLAUSE 18.-Repatriation, without reciprocity, within a maximun period of one month, in accordance with the detailed conditions hereafter to be fixed, of all civilians interned or deported who may be citizens of other Allied or Associated States than those mentioned in Clause 3.

CLAUSE 19.—With the reservation that any future claims and demands of the Allies and the United States of America remain unaffected, the following financial conditions are required. Reparation for damage done. While the Armistice lasts, no public securi- ties shall be removed by the enemy which can serve as a pledge to the Allies for the recovery or reparation for war-losses. Immediate restitution of the cash deposit in the National Bank of Belgium and, in general, the immediate return of all documents, specie, stock, shares, paper money, together with the plant for the issue thereof, touching public or private interest in the invaded countries. Restitution of the Russian and Roumanian gold yielded to Germany or taken by that Power. This gold to be delivered in trust to the Allies until the signature of peace.

E.--Naval Conditions.

CLAUSE 20.-Immediate cessation of all hostilities at sea and definite information to be given as to the location and movements of all German ships. Notification to be given to Neutrals that freedom of navigation in all territorial waters is given to the naval and mercantile marines of the Allied and Associated Powers, all questions of neutrality being waived.

CLAUSE 21.-All naval and mercantile marine prisoners-of-war of the Allied and Associated Powers in German hands to be returned, without reciprocity.

CLAUSE 22.-In order to meet our wishes the text will be modified as follows:- Handing over to the Allies and the United States of all submarines (including all sub- marine cruisers and minelayers) which are at the present moment with their full com- plement in the ports specified by the Allies and United States. Those that cannot put to sea to be deprived of their crews and supplies and shall remain under the supervision of the Allies and the United States. Submarines ready to put to sea shall be prepared to leave German ports immediately on receipt of a wireless order to sail to the port of surrender, the remainder to follow as early as possible. The conditions of this Article shall be carried out within 14 days after the signing of the Armistice.

CLAUSE 23. The following German surface warships, which shall be designated by the Allies and United States of America, shall forthwith be disarmed and thereafter interned in neutral ports, or, failing them, Allied ports, to be designated by the Allies and the United States of America, and placed under the surveillance of the Allies and the United States of America, only caretakers being left on board, namely:-

6 Battle cruisers.

10 Battle ships.

8 Light cruisers, including 2 minelayers.

50 Destroyers of the most modern types.

All other warships (including river craft) are to be concentrated in German naval bases to be designated by the Allies and the United States of America, and are to be paid off and completely disarmed and placed under the supervision of the Allies and the

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United States of America. All vessels of the auxiliary fleet (trawlers, motor vessels, etc.) are to be disarmed. All vessels specified for internment shall be ready to leave German ports seven days after the signing of the Armistice, Directions for voyage will be given by wireless.

Note.--A declaration has been signed by the Allied Delegates and handed to the German Delegates to the effect that in the event of ships not being handed over owing to the mutinous state of the fleet, the Allies reserve the right to occupy Heligoland as an advanced base to enable them to enforce the terms of the Armistice.

The German Delegates have on their part signed a declaration that they will

recommend the Chancellor to accept this.

CLAUSE 24.-The Allies and the United States of America shall have the right to sweep up all minefields and obstructions laid by Germany outside German territorial waters, and the positions of these are to be indicated.

CLAUSE 25.-Freedom of access to and from the Baltic to be given to the naval and mercantile marines of the Allied and Associated Powers. To secure this the Allies and the United States of America shall be empowered to occupy all German forts, fortifica- tions, batteries and defence works of all kinds in all the entrances from the Cattegat into the Baltic, and to sweep up all mines and obstructions within and without German territorial waters without any questions of neutrality being raised, and the positions of all such mines and obstructions are to be indicated.

CLAUSE 26. The existing blockade conditions set up by the Allied and Associated Powers are to remain unchanged, and all German merchant ships found at sea are to remain liable to capture. The Allies and the United States contemplate the provisioning of Germany during the Armistice as shall be found necessary.

CLAUSE 27.--All naval aircaft are to be concentrated and immobilised in German bases to be specified by the Allies and the United States of America.

CLAUSE 28.--In evacuating the Belgian coasts and ports, Germany shall abandon all merchant ships, tugs, lighters, cranes and all other harbour materials, all materials for inland navigation, all aircraft and air materials and stores, all arms and armaments, and all stores and apparatus of all kinds.

CLAUSE 29.--All Black Sea ports are to be evacuated by Germany; all Russian warships of all descriptions seized by Germany in the Black Sea are to be handed over to the Allied and the United States of America; all neutral merchant ships seized are to be released; all warlike and other materials of all kinds seized in those ports are to be returned and German materials as specified in Clause 28 are to be abandoned.

CLAUSE 30.-All merchant ships in German hands belonging to the Allies and Associated Powers are to be restored in ports to be specified by the Allies and the United States of America without reciprocity.

CLAUSE 31.-No destruction of ships or of materials to be permitted before evacua- tion, surrender or restoration.

CLAUSE 32.-The German Government shall formally notify the Neutral Governments of the world, and particularly the Governments of Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Holland, that all restrictions placed on the trading of their vessels with the Allied and Associated countries, whether by the German Government or by private German interests, and whether in return for specific concessions such as the export of shipbuilding material or not, are immediately cancelled.

CLAUSE 33.-No transfers of German merchant shipping of any description to any neutral flag are to take place after signature of the Armistice.

F.-Duration of the Armistice is to be 36 days with option to extend.

CLAUSE 34. During this period, on failure of execution of any of the above clauses, the Armistice may be denounced by one the Contracting Parties, on 48 hours' previous notice.

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G.-Time Limit for Reply.

CLAUSE 35.-This Armistice to be accepted or refused by Germany within 72 hours of notification.

·LONG.

Continuing, His Excellency said :--Honourable members of the Legislative Council, -Victory as complete as any subject of His Majesty the King could have wished for is signified by the Armistice which Germany has signed. Victory gained by the splendid strategy of Marshal Foch and the tactical skill of the leaders on the various front, to which the fine endurance and bravery of the Allied forces gave effect. Victory has come at last, and though this is not the occasion for reviewing all the great deeds that have brought about the triumph of right over might, it is fitting that while we are gathered here to-day we should mark our deep sense of gratitude to those who on the sea, on land and in the air have by their valour made the victory possible. Our Navy has earned an imperishable record of duty nobly done, without which all the vast efforts of the land forces would have been unavailing. A loss of five thousand combatants out of twenty-two million guarded in their passage across the seas sums up better than any elaborate phrases can do what our Navy, aided in no small degree by our Japanese Allies, has achieved. Ever since our soldiers by their stubborn resistance and indomit- able courage stayed the final onrush of our foes in the early part of this year, they have fought side by side with their French, Italian, Belgian and Portuguese comrades, and with the wonderful new-born army of the United States of America, forcing back the enemy at every point of the Western Front. Strategy and endurance have achieved their end. With all our Allies we rejoice to see this day, and while we rejoice at the end of strife we treasure in our hearts the precious memory of those who have given their lives in winning freedom for the nations of the world. In numberless homes to-day the glad tidings of impending peace after years of terrible anxiety will bring a joy that no outward manifestations can adequately express. The wounded, the maimed and the prisoners are being restored to those they love, while the devastated lands and cities are again being occupied by their rightful owners. All has been so ordered by Almighty God, to whom, in another place, we shall shortly return thanks for His great mercies. Here our duty is to render the homage due to our King, who throughout the war has shared in the hopes and sorrows of his people. I therefore beg to move the following resolution:-

"The Members of the Legislative Council of Hongkong assembled in special session present their humble duty and desire to express to Your Majesty the heartfelt rejoicings with which Your Majesty's loyal subjects in the Colony of Hongkong have received the news of the Armistice with Ger- many signifying by its terms complete victory for the British Forces and those of their gallant Allies."

·

Hon. Mr. H. E. POLLOCK--Your Excellency, as senior Unofficial member of this Council I beg leave to second the resolution which has just been proposed by you, and I desire, on behalf of myself and my colleagues to associate ourselves with those senti- ments which Your Excellency has just now so feelingly expressed.

The motion was put to the meeting and carried with acclamation. His Excellency then called for three cheers for the King which were heartily given and the Council adjourned.

Telegram from His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government, Hongkong, to the Right Honourable the Secretary of State for the Colonies, dated the 13th November,

1918.

Your telegram of November 11th was published immediately and was received with great rejoicing by the Community. At a Meeting of the Legislative Council held this morning the following resolution was passed and I should be glad if it could be laid before His Majesty:--

"The Members of the Legislative Council of Hongkong assembled in special "session present their humble duty and desire to express to Your

:

CC

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Majesty the heartfelt rejoicings with which Your Majesty's loyal subjects "in the Colony of Hongkong have received the news of the Armistice with Germany signifying by its terms complete victory for the British "Forces and those of their gallant Allies.'

SEVERN.

Telegram from His Excellency the Governor of Macao to His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government, Hongkong, dated the 15th November, 1918.

On this historical occasion I beg to congratulate Your Excellency for the good fortune we were favoured with and rejoice at the words of moving kindness addressed to His Excellency the President of Republic and the Portuguese people by His Majesty King George V of England. Greeting Your Excellency I beg to greet His Majesty King George V and the British Nation.

TAMAGNINI.

Telegram from His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government, Hongkong,

to His Excellency the Governor of Macao, dated the 16th November, 1918.

I have received Your Excellency's telegram of yesterday with great pleasure and on behalf of this Colony I thank you for your kind message of greeting on the occasion of the successful Armistice with Germany which I will communicate through the proper channel to His Majesty the King. Please accept the assurance of my high consideration.

SEVERN.

Telegram from the Right Honourable the Secretary of State for the Colonies to His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government, Hongkong,

dated the 16th November, 1918.

On the happy occasion of the cessation of hostilities I desire to convey to the Com- munity of Hongkong His Majesty's Government's deep appreciation of their loyal and generous assistance throughtout in bringing the common struggle to a successful issue. The Colony has spared no effort and besides gratefully thanking our countrymen in the east especially all those who have joined the fighting forces I do not forget the loyalty and confidence with which the Chinese members of the Community have con- sistently supported the Government.

LONG.

Telegram from His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government to the Right Honourable the Secretary of State for the Colonies, dated the 19th November, 1918.

Community of Hongkong have received with much pleasure your message of the 16th November, conveying the appreciation of His Majesty's Government of the assist- ance rendered during the war. They are deeply sensible of the great debt of gratitude that they owe to His Majesty's Forces for the immunity from attack that the Colony has

96

enjoyed throughout the struggle and they desire to record their appreciation of the splendid work performed by the Mercantile Marine. They are determined to spare no efforts to maintain the prestige and to advance the prosperity of this important part of His Majesty's overseas possessions. Chinese community gratefully appreciate your reference to their loyalty.

SEVERN.

HONGKONG, 12th November, 1918.

SIR, The All Merciful having now deigned to grant victory to His servants, the Mussulman Community of Hongkong (which besides permanent residents, descended from a great many races, includes within itself natives of India, China, Persia, etc., etc.), desires me to request that you will be so good as to tender our respectful duty and compli- ments to His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government and to beg his kindly favouring us by sending on our behalf a wire to His Imperial Majesty, the King-Emperor to express the humble devotion and congratulations of a class whose pride and joy is its attachment to the British Royal House.

The Honourable

The Colonial Secretary.

I have, &c.,

A. F. ARCULLI.

HONGKONG, 14th November, 1918.

SIR, I, as the only Trustee in the Colony and as a secretary to the Board of Trustees of the Mahomedan Mosque and Guardians of the Mahomedan Cemetery in Hongkong, most respectfully beg to tender my best and sincerest congratulations to His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government, on behalf of the Sunni section of the Mahome- dan Community in the Colony of Hongkong whom I represent as a Trustee and secretary as aforesaid, on His Majesty's arms being crowned with Victory in this dreadful war, and to request that His Excellency will be good enough to convey these congratulations to His Majesty the King-Emperor as the section's humble token of allegiance to His Majesty's Government.

I have, &c.,

M. AKBAR,

Trustee and Secretary to the Board of Trustees &c.

The Honourable

The Colonial Secretary.

HONGKONG, 18th November, 1918.

SIR, I have the honour to forward the following for your information :

A thanksgiving service was held at the Sikh Temple on Sunday last, the 17th inst., when the Temple was beautifully decorated with silken tapestry and crowdedly attended. The Almighty was solemnly prayed for mercifully listening to our constantly offered prayers and bringing peace upon the world. Speeches were also delivered to describe the causes and effects of the war, the conditions of the Armistice, and how the victory has sided with the Allies, hence proving the triumph of Right against Might.

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At the conclusion the following resolution was unanimously carried :—

"That the local Sikh Community begs to offer their best congratulations to His

Excellency the Governor of Hongkong for the achievement of victorious aspect of the war by the Allied powers, and enforcing crushing condi- tions of the Armistice upon the arrogant enemy, and that thereupon the Community heartily rejoice."

I shall be greatly obliged if a copy of the above resolution could be laid before His Excellency the Governor.

The Honourable

The Captain Superintendent of Police.

I have, &c.,

BISHEN SINGH,

Hon. Secretary.

Services of Thanksgiving were held simultaneously in St. John's Cathedral, the Roman Catholic Cathedral, and the Union Church at 10 a.m. on Wednesday, the 13th November.

The Unofficial Members of the Legislative Council arranged a public meeting at the City Hall in the afternoon of the 13th November, at which the following resolution was passed:

"That this public meeting of the citizens of the Colony of Hongkong desires most respectfully to congratulate Your Majesty upon the victorious prosecution of the war which has been waged by Great Britain and her Allies in the interests of freedom and right and to assure you of their loyalty and devotion to Your Majesty."

This resolution was sent by telegram to His Majesty the King, and the following reply was subsequently received:--

"The Chairman, Public Meeting of Citizens, Hongkong.

"The King thanks the citizens of Hongkong for their loyal message, and takes this opportunity of expressing his appreciation of the services they have rendered in the defence of the Empire.-Private Secretary."

No. 1.

37

No. 1918

7

HONGKONG.

REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS

PUBLIC

OF THE

WORKS

COMMITTEE

at a Meeting held on the 15th August, 1918.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor, 29th August, 1918.

PRESENT:

The Honourable the Director of Public Works, (WILLIAM CHATHAM, C.M.G.), Chairman.

the Colonial Treasurer, (ALEXANDER MACDONALD THOMSON).

"}

Mr. Ho Fook.

Mr. EDWARD SHELLIM.

ABSENT:

Mr. PERCY HOBSON HOLYOAK.

11

Proposal to make provision for a chair and ricksha stand in conjunction with the new station to be constructed by the Peak Tramways Company at

Barker Road.--(C.S.O. 6272/1906 Part II.)

The Chairman explained that, as the accommodation at Barker Road Station for chairs and rickshas is very limited and, as the configuration of the ground and the proximity of Plantation Road on one side and of the Peak Tramway on the other preclude the possibility of increasing such accommodation, except in conjunction with a scheme for roofing over the Station itself, he had been in negotiation with the Tramway Com- pany's Engineers (Messrs. Leigh & Orange) on the subject of so designing the new Station as to provide accommodation for chairs, etc., and a small shelter for coolies.

Messrs. Leigh and Orange had submitted a plan which he laid before the Committee and also an estimate for making such provision as he had indicated. The estimate of the cost of making such provision was $4,385.

The Committee agreed to recommend that the proposal shown on Messrs. Leigh and Orange's plan should be adopted and that the Government should contribute a sum not exceeding $4,385 towards the cost of the Station structure subject to the condition that the liability of the Government as regards the future maintenance of such structure be limited to the following:-

(a) The platform extending over the area coloured pink.

(b) The surfacing of the eastern portion of the area coloured grey, measuring

about 25' 0" x 24' 0".

(c) Any railings fencing the areas specified in (a) and (b).

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(d) Any seats in the Coolie Shelter.

(e) Any boarding or other material used to enclose any portion of the Coolie Shelter. The Government to have the right to fix any such boarding or other material to the stanchions or columns.

The Peak Tramways Company to be liable for the maintenance of all other portions of the structure, including all stanchions or columns.

W. CHATHAM,

Chairman.

Laid before the Legislative Council this 29th day of August, 1918.

A. G. M. FLETCHER,

Clerk of Councils.

:

61

No.

HONGKONG.

10 1918

REPORT ON THE INVESTIGATIONS OF THE OUTBREAK OF EPIDEMIC MENINGITIS

IN HONGKONG BY FIRST LIEUTENANT PETER K. OLITSKY, M.R.C., U.S.A.,

OF THE ROCKEFELLER INSTITUTE FOR MEDICAL RESEARCH, NEW YORK.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government,

17th October, 1918.

NOTE: It was necessary to obtain the permission of Lieutenant-Colonel S. Flexner before this report could be published, which has caused some delay. Letters addressed to Lieutenant-Colonel Flexner and Lieutenant Olitsky are appended.

General Introduction :-----

CONTENTS.

Object of expedition to Hongkong

List of reports sent to Government...

1.—The Production of Antimeningococcic Serum in the Colony :-

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63

63

(a) The prevailing type of meningococcus among the patients (b) The examination of the various antimeningococcic sera in use in

the Colony for their antibody content...

63

64

(c) The possibility of epidemics recurring

64

(d) The great distance of the Colony from the sources of supply of

reliable sera

65

2.--Treatment of the Patient :

Tung Wah Hospital statistics

The proper method of treatment

66

རེ་

65

3.-Diagnosis of the Disease-

Mild and "missed

12

cases...

66

The value of a more extensive use of lumbar puncture

67

62

CONTENTS,--Continued.

4. The Course of the Epidemic and the Factors Contributing to its Disse-

mination:

(a) Course of the epidemic

(b) Number of cases and mortality

(c) Influence of age and sex

(d) Influence of meteorological conditions

(e) Pre-epidemic infectious diseases

(ƒ) Migration of the population

(g) Geographical distribution

(h) Overcrowding of the population

PAGE.

67

67

67°

68

68

69

69

69

(i) Habits of the Chinese as they relate to the spread of the epidemic. 70

(j) The relation of carriers to the epidemic

1. Contact carriers...

2. Non-contact carriers...

5.--Epidemiological Conclusions :----

(a) Pre-epidemic factors

(b) Influence of overcrowding. (c) Other factors

6.-Means of Prevention :-

(4) General Measures

(a) Education of the Chinese

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71, 72, 73 & 74

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75

76

77

77

(b) Management of the epidemic...

77

(c) Overcrowding

77

(d) Prevention of pharyngeal infections and influenza

78

(e) Employment of masks

(f) Preventive inoculations (prophylactic vaccination)

(B) Preventive Measures with Reference to the Patient and his

Environment

78

78

(a) Isolation of the patient

(b) Establishment of hospitals

(c) Nurses and physicians

(d) Search for carriers among contacts

(C) Means of Prevention of the Dissemination of Epidemic Meningitis

to Distant Parts ...

(D) Treatment of Carriers

7. Summary

(a) Preparation of serum in the Colony

(b) Treatment

(c) Epidemiology

(d) Prevention

Conclusions...

78

78

79

79

79

79.

80

81

81

81

81

82 & 83

$

63

AT

T the request of the Colonial Government of Hongkong that the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, New York, send one of its staff to advise the Government of Hongkong with reference to the epidemic of cerebro-spinal meningitis and the prepara- tion of antimeningococcic serum, Lieutenant Colonel Simon Flexner, N.A., Director of the Rockefeller Institute instructed me to proceed to the Colony. I arrived in Hongkong on May 5th, 1918.

During my stay in Hongkong every facility was afforded me by the Government of Hongkong to establish a complete organization for the production of antimeningococcic serum and to investigate thoroughly the various aspects of the nature of the epidemic.

Since my arrival in the Colony, the following communications were sent to the Prin- cipal Civil Medical Officer, Dr. J. T. C. Johnson, for the information of the Government.

May 9th, 1918.-A report advising the preparation of antimeningococcic serum in the Colony.

May 9th, 1918.-A request to cable the Rockefeller Institute to discontinue sending further supplies of serum.

May 16th, 1918.-A report on the therapeutic efficacy of the various types of anti- meningococcic sera in use at Hongkong.

May 16th, 1918.-A report on the type of meningococcus prevailing in the epidemic. May 17th, 1918.-A report on the advisability of preparing a vaccine for the pre- vention of epidemic meningitis, stating therein, however, the experimental nature of the vaccine.

May 18th, 1918.-A request for permission to study the inmates of the Victoria Gaol with reference to the presence of carriers.

May 25th, 1918.--A statement of intention to address the laity at the Helena May Institute on May 27th on "Infection how contracted and how avoided, with special reference to Epidemic Meningitis"; and the medical profession on the recent advances in the therapy and prevention of this disease on June 20th.

May 26th, 1918: A communication informing the Government that four horses have been started for the production of antimeningococcic serum.

June 13th, 1918: Report on the fact that 2461 per cent. of 130 inmates of the Victoria Gaol harbour in the nasopharynx meningococcus-like organisms.*

I shall endeavour to correlate these communications, tracing the subsequent develop- ments of the investigations started so that in the end the principles underlying the treatment and the prevention of epidemic meningitis in the Colony will be emphasized.

1.-The Production of Antimeningococcic Serum in the Colony.

The conclusion to produce serum was arrived at as a result of (a) determination of the type prevailing amongst the patients in the Colony; (b) the examination of the various sera for treatment, in use during the epidemic; (c) the possibility of epidemics recurring in the future and (d) the inability of the Colony to procure reliable serum promptly.

(a) The prevailing type of meningococcus. Up to the present time, there were isolated from the spinal fluids of 59 patients as many pure cultures of meningococci. These 59 cultures were tested for type with the following results :---

normal type (regular or ortho meningococci) para type (parameningococci of Dopter) irregular para type

0;

.56;

3.

* An additional communication was sent July 2nd, 1918, advising that no diagnosis of epidemic meningitis be accepted

from mortuary cases unless both a macroscopic and microscopic examination of the brain and meninges are made.

64

The para type corresponds to Type I of Gordon's (English) classification; the normal, to Type II; the irregular para type possibly to Type III. The para type agglu-- tinations ranged from 1:50 to 1:800; the irregular para types showed these reactions:-

Culture No.

021 030

052

Normal-type (Immune serum).

Para-type (Immune serum).

Polyvalent (Flexner serum).

1:400

1:800

1:400

1:400

1:200

1:200

1:50

1:100

1:50

From these tests it is obvious that about 95 per cent. of these patients have been infected with the same type of the meningococcus.

A

It has been definitely established that immune serum made with one type fails to afford protection to the other types of meningococci. Hence it is advisable to prepare a serum contaming a high antibody content against this type, the parameningococcus. However, should the type in the future change, and to cover the exceptional case infected with another type, the Government Bacteriologist has been instructed to include in his antigen, the other types (although in smaller amounts), thereby making the serum polyvalent to a degree. He has also been instructed in the preparation of rabbit immune serum for type determination so that in the event it becomes desirable to change the antibody content of the serum to meet with the local conditions it will be easily accomplished.

(b) The examination of various antimeningococci sera for antibody content. A survey of status of the treatment of patients revealed that there were four sera from different sources in use. One serum was prepared by a commercial firm and three were prepared by Government laboratories.

Ten cultures of meningococci, isolated from patients in the Colony were submitted to agglutination tests with these sera.

=

The results are tabulated (with Flexner's serum used as a control) as follows:-

Serum.

Commercial laboratory

Government Laboratory A.

>>

B.

......

C.

Number of cultures agglutinated.

5

Number not agglutinated.

7

5

7

8

""

""

Flexner's serum (control)..

The Flexner serum agglutinated the eight cultures in dilutions of at least 1:800- while the other sera agglutinated the cultures usually in dilutions of 1:50 with the limit in a few instances of 1:400.

Hence with the possible exception of the serum from Government Laboratory A, the antimeningococcic sera available in the Colony is low in antibody content. Furthermore, as it has been determined that the agglutinin content runs parallel with the therapeutic efficacy of a serum it may be stated that the Colony has had supply of inefficient serum.

Therefore another element in favour of producing serum under the supervision of the Government is added.

(c) The possibility of epidemics recurring. When a potent serum will have been made, will there be need for it? The occurrence of sporadic cases of epidemic meningitis throughout the summer is quite possible. Although the weather is warm at present (a time when meningitis tends to disappear naturally) from three to five cases are still being reported daily (mid-June). This would lead one to believe that under the adverse con-- ditions of the cold season, another epidemic may occur. Indeed, the amelioration of the recent epidemic is due to the fact that the susceptible element has been to a great extent affected, leaving a considerable number of insusceptible persons; but active migration of the population usually occurs into the Colony, thus bringing a new susceptible element in contact with the great number of carriers. Carriers in great number are undoubtedly developed as a result of an extensive epidemic, and, under adverse conditions, as over- crowding, the advent of new elements of the population may result in another outbreak.

65

(d) The great distance of the Colony from the sources of supply of reliable serum adds another factor in favour of its production locally.

On these bases, the report was submitted to the Government advising the prepara- tion of antimeningococcic serum in the Colony.

In order that a supply of a potent serum be on hand until the horses at Hongkong are sufficiently immunized the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research has presented to the Government 625 doses of antimeningococcic serum, which I have brought with me, and 500 doses which were shipped subsequently, making a total of 1,125 doses.

In testing the Flexner serum with all the cultures of meningococci which are on hand at the Bacteriological Institute it was found that of 59 cultures, the serum aggluti- nated 54. The Government having subsequently agreed to produce serum locally, four horses were started in an attempt to have them yield serum approaching as nearly as possible this standard.

It is believed that the yield from these horses will be adequate to the needs of the Colony.

2.---Treatment of the Patient.

The marked success of specific treatment of epidemic meningitis needs no commen- tary. The results of over 1,300 cases treated with serum supplied by the Rockefeller Institute have been summarized by Flexner (Jour. Exper. Med., 1913, Vol. XVII, page 553) in these words: "It is our belief that the analyses of histories of cases of epidemic meningitis which have been presented, furnish convincing proof that the antimeningo- coccie serum, when used by the subdural method of injection, in suitable doses and at proper intervals, is capable of reducing the period of illness; of preventing, in large measures, of chronic lesions and types of the infection; of bringing about complete restoration to health, in all but a very small number of the recovered, thus lessening the serious, deforming and permanent consequences of meningitis, and of greatly diminishing the fatalities due to the disease."

Notwithstanding these facts it appears that only very few of the great numbers of Chinese received serum treatment. The records of the Tung Wah Hospital (presented by Dr. Thomas, House Physician) show these results (from February 2nd to May 20th, 1918:-

Total number of patients treated...

Number of patients receiving Western treatment Number of patients receiving Chinese treatment

417

85

332

Of the 85 patients receiving Western treatment, 14 patients were treated by lumbar puncture only. In this series the mortality was 57.1 per cent., 71 received 1 to 5 lumbar punctures and were injected incom- pletely and with sera of low antibody content. In this series the mortality was 45 per cent.

Of the 332 patients receiving Chinese treatment, 228 received at least one lumbar puncture. The mortality in this series was 511 per cent.

The remainder, 104 patients received no serum nor lumbar punc-

The mortality in this series was 846 per cent.

tures.

These figures should be compared with those stated by Flexner.

Serum Injected.

No. of cases.

From first to third day

199

From fourth to seventh day

346

Later than seventh day..............

666

Died.

36

94

243

Died per cent.

18.1

27.2

36.5

From the Tung Wah Hospital statistics one may note, as well, that the series in which repeated lumbar punctures were made while showing an improvement over that in which no treatment whatever was given, is far from a satisfactory procedure. The mortality in a series of 346 patients treated in this manner was 54'1 per cent. Compared with the brilliant results obtained by proper serum treatment, it is certain that no other method but the latter is indicated at all times.

66

By the proper method of treatment is meant :----

1. The use of a potent serum.

2. The injection of the serum early in the disease.

3. The injection of sufficient amount in a systematic manner.

4. The intravenous injection combined with intraspinal.

Depending on the severity of the case and the amount of spinal fluid withdrawn, 30 to 60 cubic centimeters should be injected intraspinally. While the temperature remains high and the meningococcus is still present in the cerebrospinal fluid, the injections may be repeated every 12 hours. The next interval between injections should be 24 hours, then 48 hours as improvement ensues. In severe cases, however, the injections are persisted in at more frequent intervals. In one of two cases at Hongkong, a Portuguese patient, in whom the treatment could be properly followed, improvement followed the use of 600 cubic centimeters of the Flexner serum. This patient suffered from a very severe form of the disease and the prognosis was very unfavourable at the start.

In severe cases, it is also advised to give 50 to 100 cubic centimeters of serum intravenously. The intravenous injections should supplement the intraspinal. In four of ten moribund cases in the Tung Wah Hospital upon whom blood cultures were made, the meningococcus was found circulating in the blood. The same type of meningococcus (the parameningococcus in all four patients) was found in the blood as in the spinal fluid. The positive blood cultures serve to emphasize the necessity of injecting the antimeningococcic serum intravenously as well as intraspinally. The method is especially indicated where signs of a generalized meningococcic septicemia is in evidence as shown by skin hemorrhages or joint affections, and in fulminating cases.

The Government should use great efforts in attempting to overcome the prejudices of the Chinese to Western treatment. The objections of the community to proper serum treatment is of course wholly responsible for the terrible mortality of almost $5 per cent. That this mortality is from three to five times as great as it is under proper treatment should be told the Chinese in a system of education and enlightenment. With the aid of influential members of their community, they may take a more rational view of specific treatment. The Government is therefore advised to take this matter under consideration.

Now with an ample supply of serum at hand, and with its systematic use, our hopes are that this disease will be robbed of its devastating effect in the Colony. The Superin- tendent of the Government Civil Hospital, Dr. C. W. McKenny, has been fully instructed with regard to this method of treatment and it is advised that he undertake this phase of the activities during an epidemic.

3. The Diagnosis of the Disease.

A survey of the course of the epidemic makes it certain that numerous cases of epidemic meningitis have occurred but have escaped detection.

The first reports showing diagnoses of epidemic meningitis were returned to the Medical Officer of Health, Dr. Gale, on February 9th. On February 11th, there were reported eight verified cases. Since then, cases were definitely diagnosed as epidemic meningitis. As this disease in epidemic form has a definite course and as a great number of cases of hemorrhagic smallpox were reported previously to February 9th, 1918, although no distinct epidemic of smallpox was evident at the time, it is logical to assume that some of these cases were that of epidemic meningitis. Indeed, on February 5th and 6th, four cases of hemorrhagic smallpox were reported; January 28th, to February 5th, eight cases were reported. With the greater number of subsequent reports of epidemic meningitis, hemorrhagic smallpox ceased to be a factor in the daily returns. The same assumption may apply to the several cases of a typical enteric fever reported during January.

To this class of "missed cases, may be added another, still more important from the point of view of prevention, the mild and ambulatory cases. For these are the great sources of spreading the infection. They will be referred to later.

67

Lumbar puncture is an absolute essential in the treatment and in the recognition of cases of epidemic meningitis. Due to certain objections on the part of the Chinese community the procedure is not favourably entertained.

It is desirable to swab the nasopharynx as well when the symptoms are suspicious and the spinal fluid removed is clear, for practically almost every case of epidemic men- ingitis harbours the organism in the post-nasal mucus. To this measure, as well, the Chinese resist.

If the resistance of the Chinese is maintained, it is obvious that an insurmountable difficulty will arise in the way of controlling the disease or reducing the appalling death- rate. Again, the Government is advised of the great importance of a systematic educa- tion of the natives so that the disease can be properly attacked.

4.--The Course of the Epidemic and the Factors Contributing to its Dissemination.

In the following, an attempt will be made to state the findings which resulted from an investigation on the course of the epidemic in the Colony, and the factors which con- tributed to its dissemination and continuance. In the next section these facts will be correlated to bring out the epidemiological conclusions.

(a) The course of the epidemic.---Epidemic meningitis is not a new disease in Hong- kong. There is evidence to believe that sporadic cases have occurred from time to time in the Colony. In the Philippines, of which Manila is the next port of call of the trans- Pacific steamships, seventy cases were detected three years ago.

In two of these cases, the meningococcus was isolated in pure culture from the cerebrospinal fluid and is still preserved at the Bureau of Science, Manila. As epidemic meningitis was not a notifiable disease until the present epidemic, there are no recorded cases. However, Dr. Johnson, the Principal Civil Medical Officer has seen a case five years ago in the Colony. Again, one may assume that sporadic cases may have occurred in Hongkong especially in view of the fact that it is one of the largest commercial ports in the world and thousands of passengers from everywhere pass through annually. No epidemics, however, were known until this outbreak.

During January 1918, increased numbers of cases were reported at the mortuary but no actual diagnosis of epidemic meningitis was made until February 9th, 1918. As I have already stated, the assumption that the epidemic started at least a month before this time seems to be well grounded. During the rest of February the cases were increasing in number (six to eighteen were reported daily). During March there were as a rule ten to twenty-four cases per diem reported; during April, six to fifteen; during May, three to seven and during early June the average number was about three. The epidemic started in January, reached its height in March, and declined gradually in April, reaching its low level in June.

(b) The number of cases and the mortality.--Up to June 1st, 1918, there were 1,041 patients reported. Of these only four were European. The 1,037 cases include, with the exception of a few Portuguese, Chinese exclusively. For the purposes of epidemio- logical study the Portuguese and Chinese are grouped together on the basis that the former although living apart from the natives exist under very crowded conditions. This number, 1,041, does not represent the actual number of cases. Many of the patients were "missed". On account of the mildness of the disease in many individuals, the diagnosis may have been overlooked. On the other hand, many Chinese who sought native healers and subsequently recovered were never placed on record. The actual number is undoubtedly much greater but it is impossible to approximate the figures.

Therefore the total mortality which is computed at 76'1 per cent. for the first 1,000 cases, does not represent the actual mortality, which, of course, would be lowered in view of the number of missed cases.

(c) The influence of age and sex. From the Tung Wah Hospital records of 417 patients, it will be noted that the ages of patients ranged from 4 months to 59 years: the average age was 22-68 years. In this series it will be noted that the number of affected males was slightly over twice that of the females. In a series of the first 750

68

cases studied by Dr. Gale the Medical Officer of Health (to whom I am indebted for various charts which she will publish in detail, separately) the peaks of the curve of incidence according to age are from infancy to 5 years of age and at 17 years, the latter especially for males. It is apparent then that the susceptible elements of the population are children and young adult males.

(d) Influence of meteorological conditions.-The temperature, the mean as well as the wet-bulb (temperature of saturation), had a marked influence on the incidence of the disease. In general terms it may be stated that when there occurred a sudden drop of temperature the number of cases increased and when there was a rise in temperature, the incidence of epidemic meningitis declined. From a chart prepared by Dr. Gale, one will note this relationship, as shown by the following table :-

Date

February 14-18

Febr. 27-March 2

March 10-12

March 25-27

April 9-11

Effect of Drop of Temperature upon Incidence.

Degree of drop (Temperature of Saturation.)

No, of cases (Increase

over previous low level.)

Time elapsed between drop of temperature and increase of cases.

ca.

13°C

11

4 days

ca. 11°C

4 days

ca.

9°C

4

2 days

ca.

12°C

15

5 days

ca.

14°C

5

5 days

Effect of Rise of Temperature upon Incidence.

Degree of rise (Temperature of saturation.)

No. of cases (Decrease

over previous low level for week.)

Time elapsed between rise of temperature and decrease of cases.

8 days

Date:

February 18-27

ca.

20°C

(gradual rise.)

March 15-24

ca. 17°C (gradual rise.)

March 31-April 9...

ca.

13°C

4

8 days

4 days

Subsequently as the temperature rose, there was a corresponding decrease in the number of cases.

From this table it will be seen that, as a rule, about four days after a sudden drop of temperature there was a great increase in the number of cases reported. On the other hand it will be noted that rising temperature was usually followed by an ameliora- tion of the epidemic.

The influence of sunshine also made an impression upon the number of cases. Reversely, the lack of sunshine, showed an increase in the returns. For example, February 28th and March 1st, showed practically no sunshine, March 2nd, 4 hours, March 3rd, 1 hour; in other words, 5 hours of sunshine in 4 days. Three days later twenty-three cases were reported, the greatest number reported for a day with the excep- tion of one. There was practically no sunshine for 4 days from March 26th, on the fourth day after this period twenty-one cases were reported, although from five to fifteen cases were the rule for the previous week. Thus we see that the lack of sunlight shows a relationship to the increase in number of cases.

It is doubtful whether humidity or rainfall by themselves have any bearing on the number of cases. January and February were extremely dry months. Indeed the rainfall was considerably behind the average for several years. Yet February saw increasing numbers of cases and March, with relatively small amount of rainfall, showed the greatest number. Recently rainfalls were heavy but the corresponding number of cases was not influenced.

(e) Pre-epidemic infectious disease.--It is a matter of common knowledge amongst the practitioners, although no official records are available, of the great number of cases of influenza and sore throat prevalent in the Colony during the period preceding the epidemic (November and December, 1917). The Principal Civil Medical Officer states that an unusual number have come to his attention. This is attested by Dr. Jordan, the

69

Medical Officer of the Port, Dr. Macfarlane, the Government Bacteriologist, and Dr. Gale, the Medical Officer of Health. The epidemic was not severe in its effect, but the distri- bution of these ailments was quite general. On the other hand there is no evidence of any great increase in measles at this time nor mumps. Besides the prevalence of sore throat and influenza the health conditions of Hongkong was relatively good.

(f) Migration of the population.Migration may be an important element in the dissemination of the disease as well as in the recurrence or continuance of an epidemic. As for the first, namely, the dissemination of epidemic meningitis, there occurred in the ports of Swatow, Shanghai, Kobe, Osaka and Tokyo an extraordinary number of cases (and in most instances were recorded for the first time). These cities are along the main lines of travel out from Hongkong. The cases occurred a few weeks after the outbreak at Hongkong. For example, at Swatow about 60 cases developed during March. The Hongkong Blue Book for 1916 and 1917 places the emigration from Hong- kong at 117,653 and 96,298 respectively.

On the other hand the question of recurrence or continuation of an epidemie is related in a degree to the immigration. The immigration into the Colony for 1916 was 72,405 and for 1917, 98,232. The figures for 1918 are of course, not available. * It has been pointed out that the entrance of a new susceptible element of popula- tion from a non-infected district into the epidemic area of the Colony, and this new element, usually coolies, existing in close contact with the disease, will tend to increase the number of cases. Or they will cause a disturbance of the insusceptible ratio of the normal native population and when the cold season approaches, or under other conditions favourable to the spread of epidemic meningitis, there will be new soil for an outbreak.

(g) Geographical distribution of cases.-It is of interest to note that while it was of rare occurrence that more than one member of a family was afflicted, yet the disease showed its greatest number of cases in limited areas. One area is included by D'Aguilar Street on the east: Pokfulam Road on the west: Caine Road and High Street on the south and the Harbour on the north. In this area, the section bounded by Eastern and Western Streets notably overcrowded, is particularly remarkable with regard to the number of cases yielded. In Eastern Hongkong, the section between St. Francis Street and Wanchai Road, Queen's Road and the Harbour yielded the greatest number of patients. In the Kowloon Peninsula, the districts of Yaumati and adjacent Mong Kok Tsui and Hung Hom showed the greatest incidence of the disease.

All these districts correspond to the most crowded sections of Hongkong and Kow- loon. In areas where there is no crowding, notably the Tsim Sha Tsui, and the Hill District, there were none or comparatively very few cases developed.

(h) The overcrowling of the population:-As the disease was limited to a great degree in the overcrowded sections, it is important to investigate this phase of the epidemiology of epidemic meningitis.

Three causes operate to effect overcrowding. In the first place there are too many houses on too small a space, in this way causing structures to be in close proximity. In turn this gives rise to insufficient ventilation and for the most part very little light. The areaways and the streets or lanes are so narrow and the houses are so high (in proportion to the narrowness of the street) that not only ventilation and light becomes deficient but the air is always damp from wetness of the passageways. They are never thoroughly dry, possibly from the position of the Chinese community, namely, at the foot of the Hills where the water from the higher attitudes is continually settling.

In the second place, there are no arrangements for veutilation within the house. A typical example may be cited.

On June 7th, 1918, through the courtesy of Mr. Adam Gibson, Head of the Sanitary Department, I was permitted to make an inspection of No. 15, Chinese Street. This was done at about 11 p.m. I was accompanied by Inspector R. R. Wood of the Sanitary

* These figures are official returns. The actual number of Chinese leaving or entering the Colony is probably much greater. While the travel on most junks, all steamships, and railways can be determined it is impossible to account for small junks and sampans. The same proportion of immigration, however, is probably maintained in 1918.

70-

Department. The first and second floors were inspected. The house is three storeys high. The measurements of the first floor is as follows:-

Length... Width

Height

...31 feet 9 inches;

...13

10

...13

3

""

thus making 5,818 cubic feet or 5,295 net cubic feet allowing for a stairway. The total window area equalled 518 square feet; one of the windows opens into a narrow street, the other into a chimney-like areaway.

The windows and door were bolted.

I was informed that this is a usual practice to.

avoid thievery or intrusion. The air was quite foul.

Not only was there no ventilation on this floor but a third factor of the overcrowding was in evidence here. This factor is the crowding of too many inmates occupying one floor.

This floor was subdivided into four cubicles, each cubicle containing the following number of persons: No. 1, six persons; No. 2, three persons; No. 3, two persons; No. 4, two persons. In a narrow hall-way were boards and trestles which were occupied by seven persons, making the total number of inmates twenty. The usual cubicle on this floor measured 7 feet in width, about 8 feet in length and 6 feet in height. Thus six persons in cubicle No. 1 existed in 336 cubic feet of air space--the air therein being unventilated.

The second floor contained seventeen persons, but the measurements and cubicles were the same in extent and arrangements. The doors and windows were likewise bolted.

}

Inspections were made at the following houses which yielded cases of epidemic meningitis :--

House No.

No. of cubicles on the floor.

No. of No. of inmates.

cases.

1, Wo On Lane, 48, Stanley Street,...

7

14

1

3 (and several bunks.)

13

2

1, Jubilee Street,..

4.

20

In all these houses, the legal restrictions insist on seven to nine persons to the floor; the actual number was thirteen to twenty. The measurements and cubic contents are in the main as given above for the Chinese Street house. But, besides the actual over- crowding in this series of dwellings, there was, as well, no ventilation. The cubicles were heavily curtained admitting no air whatever.

Hence, there are too many houses over too small an area, there are no sanitary arrangements for light and air within the houses and there are too many persons living within the house. The relationship of these factors to the spread of the epidemic will be discussed later.

The tendency of the Chinese to overcrowd is noted throughout the community. The market is crowded daily and the streets surrounding the market are so filled with per- sons that at times it is impossible to thread one's way through. So the tram-cars, the lodging houses, schools, the matsheds, the streets and lanes, etc.

(i) The habits of the Chinese as they relate to the spread of the epidemic.-Certain infringements of the rules of hygiene which have special relationship to the spread of the disease are continually practised by the Chinese of the Colony. The most flagrant are in connection with the street restaurants. The edibles are exposed to the open air and served in dishes which have not been cleansed between the servings, so that what is in one's mouth is directly conveyed to another's. This condition prevails to a lesser extent in the house restaurants. The other infringements consist in the use of common (roller) towels, and common drinking cups; the drying and sorting of food on the high- ways or streets covered with frequent expectoration which is generally practised there as well as in the home.

71

(j) The relation of carriers to the epidemic.-No extensive work could be done upon contact carriers at the time of the epidemic, as I arrived in Hongkong at the time of its subsidence. However, in the following, I shall discuss the results obtained by Drs. Macfarlane and Earle, who made several cultures upon contacts of cases in Hongkong and my own investigations upon the inmates of the Victoria Gaol.

(1) Contact carriers.--Drs. Macfarlane and Earle's investigations extended from March 11th to May 13th and include cultures made as routine examinations of contacts with patients for the presence of the meningococcus in the nasopharynx. It appears that the work was very carefully done; only a few cultures were examined at a time and all plate cultures contaminated with saliva were discarded. The criteria for recognition of the meningococcus were (1) typical colony morphology; (2) absence of pigment; (3) acid production in dextrose and maltose and not in saccharose medium; (4) typical mor- phology by Gram's stain; (5) ready emulsification of the growth on subcultures. No agglutination tests were made, however. Sheep-serum water (1 part to 2 parts water) 20 per cent. agar, was used for the plate cultures.

Examining contacts of several patients, they found that:-

71 Europeans yielded seven carriers (9'8 per cent.)

133 Chinese yielded nine carriers (6'7 per cent.), making a total of 204 yielding

sixteen carriers or 78 per cent.

This is on the basis of a single examination.

The ratio of incidence of meningitis amongst the Europeans to the white population is as 1:1250; in the case of the Chinese to the coloured population as 1:509. * These cultures were taken at the height of the epidemic but the number of contact carriers in the both series are lower than is usually the case. One deduction however, can be made, namely, that the carriers are more prevalent among the Europeans, notwithstanding the fact that fewer were afflicted.

(2) Non-contact carriers.-As no opportunity presented itself to continue the study of contact carriers, my attention was paid to a class which may only be regarded nominally as non-contact carriers. In the event of an epidemic of such great extent as this one, a class can hardly be chosen as a representative non-contact group. It was finally decided that the Victoria Gaol, in which no cases have developed throughout the epidemic and having a daily average of six hundred inmates, would offer a suitable source for determination of the number of healthy carriers. The prisoners are, in the main, previous residents of Hongkong and the length of confinement varies from a few days to several years.

In interpreting the results these factors must be considered. The prisoners are kept isolated in individual cells; there is no overcrowding; sickness is promptly attended to. In other words, the sanitary conditions in the prison are better than in a great part of the Chinese community.

The following cultures were made on unlaked sheep-blood, veal-infusion agar with one per cent. dextrose (defibrinated blood, 1 part; agar 15 parts). The cultures were taken from the nasopharynx by means of a West swab, care being taken to avoid con- tamination with saliva. The plates were immediately incubated after inoculation. Each person's culture was made on one entire plate.

The results are as follows:---

The total number of Chinese prisoners swabbed

151

Plate cultures contaminated with saliva and therefore discarded (saliva has an inhibitive effect upon the growth of the meningococcus)

21

** The Hongkong Blue Book for 1917: white population 5,000; Chinese 530,100, The census was taken in 1911, but is estimated for 1917.

..

72

Negative cultures:-

1. Plate cultures showing no suspicious colonies, in 74 cases;

2. Suspicious colonies which failed to grow characteristically, in 19 cases;

3. Suspicious colonies which were proven negative by agglutination, in 3 cases; 4. Suspicious colonies which were negative by growing at room temperature, in

2 cases making a total of negative cultures of 98.

Positive cultures:

1. Plates showing typical colonies, consisting of Gram-negative diplococci of characteristic morphology, but which failed to grow on subculture. There were usually two or three colonies transplanted. On the basis of previous experience, it was thought proper to include these with the positive cultures, They are as follows:---

Serial No.

Time in Gaol (years).

1 12

*

Degree of Infection.* plus-minus

1 plus

Prison No.

Age (years).

7

5393

20

46

5084

25

212 and 9 days

70

5163

30

2/12

plus-minus

97

5467

27

1.12 and 5 days

plus-minus

182

971

28

5 12 and 14 days.

plus-minus

2. Plates showing typical colonies, consisting of Gram-negative diplococci of characteristic morphology; producing acid in dextrose and maltose, but not in saccharose medium; showing no growth at room temperature, but a typical growth on subculture (ready emulsification, no pigment, etc.); showing no agglutination in saline or normal horse serum (1:50) controls, but giving no agglutination with type or polyvalent antimeningococcic

serum :-

Serial No.

Prison No.

Age (years).

نادة

5094

31

Time in gaol

(years). 2/12 and 7 days

Degree of

infection.

2 plus

75

5633

27

14 days

1 plus

76

5666

30

11 days

2 plus

100

5101

22

2/12 and 7 days

I plus

124

775

34

3/2

1 plus

3. Plates showing colonies having the characters mentioned above (under “2”) but possessing definite agglutination reactions with polyvalent or type serum or both:

Serial Prison No. No.

Age (years).

Time in gaol (years).

Degree of infection

No. of Agglutination reactions colonies (dilutions of 1:50 tested. and 1:100). †

Type.

poly,, 2 plus.

1 900

53

15.

plus-minus.

1

normal, 2 plus.

normal.

para, negative.

poly., 2 plus.

20 5438

21

1/12 and 6 days.

plus-minus.

2

normal, 1:50, 1 plus.

irregular.

para, 2 plus.

para.

poly., 2 plus.

21

5182

31

1/12 and 29 days.

2 plus.

normal, 2 plus. para, negative.

normal.

"

* In the above series the term "degree of infection is used to mean the relative number of colonies of meningococcus noted on the plate cultures. This gives an indication as to the extent of infection of the nasopharynx. Hence 4 plus signifies a pure culture; 3 plus, that the meningococcus is the predominating organism; 2 plus, numerous colonies of meningococci but other organisms predominating; 1 plus, the presence of only a few colonies; and plus-minus, that the meningococcus is present to the extent of only an occasional colony.

"2 plus" indicates complete agglutination in a dilution of 1:100; 1 plus indicates incomplete agglutination in the dilution stated.

73

Serial Prison

Age

No. No. (years).

Time in gaol (years.)

Degree of infection.

No. of Agglutination reactions

colonies

tested.

(dilutions of 1:50

and 1:100).†

Type.

poly., 2 plus.

22

5662

29

11 days.

3 plus.

normal, 1:50, 1 plus. irregular.

para, 2 plus

para.

poly., 2 plus.

4811

27

3/12.

1 plus.

normal, negative.

Jirregular.

para, negative.

poly., 2 plus.

50

5213

23

1/12 and 27 days.

plus-minus.

normal, 2 plus.

normal.

para, negative.

poly., 2 plus.

82 5601

20

17 days.

plus-minus.

1

normal, 2 plus.

normal.

para, negative.

poly., 2 plus.

84

5715

46

7 days.

plus-minus.

2

normal, 2 plus.

normal.

para, negative.

poly., 2 plus.

88

4384

55

1/12 and 9 days..

1 plus.

2

normal, 2 plus.

normal.

para, negative.

poly., 2 plus.

89

5435

34

1/12 and 6 days.

3 plus.

2

normal, 2 plus.

irregular

normal.

para, 1:50, 1 plus.

poly., 2 plus.

102

5582

39

19 days.

plus-minus.

1

normal, negative.

irregular.

para, negative.

poly., 2 plus.

112

5509

30

29 days.

plus-minus.

1

normal, negative.

para.

para, 2 plus.

poly, 2 plus.

117

5326

20

1/12 and 14 days.

2 plus.

normal, negative.

irregular.

para, negative.

poly., 2 plus.

122 5617

38

2/12 and 14 days.

plus-minus.

2

normal, 2 plus.

normal,

para, negative.

poly., negative.

123

5019

2/12 and 14 days.

1 plus.

normal, 2 plus.

normal.

para, negative.

poly., negative.

135

5471

32

1/12.

plus-minus.

normal, 2 plus.

normal.

para, negative.

poly., 2 plus.

145

868

30

1 11/12.

plus-minus.

normal, 2 plus.

normal.

para, negative.

poly., 2 plus.

151

4380

16

4/12 and 20 days.

I plus.

normal, 2 plus. para, negative.

normal.

4. To the last-mentioned may be added plate cultures yielding colonies indis- tinguishable from spinal strains but having no definite type reactions and showing a definite sedimentation along with slight agglutination with Flexner's serum but not with normal horse or type serum. As they all reacted similarly, these cultures were placed in one group, as follows:-

Serial Prison

No.

No.

Age (years).

Time in guol (years).

No. of colonies

Degree of

tested.

infection.

41

5708

25

24 days

1

plus-minus

106

5457

29

1/12 and 28 days

1

plus-minus

114

5196

45

1/12 and I day

I

plus-minus

131

5536

39

6 days

}

plus-minus

"2 plus" indicates complete agglutination in a dilution of 1:100; 1 plus indicates incomplete agglutination in the

dilution stated.

74

Summarizing the results of the positive cultures, we find that there are :----

Normal types (corresponding to Type II of the English

classification),

Para type (corresponding to Type I of the English clas-

sification),

Irregular normal type (Type IV ?),

Irregular para types (Type III ?),

11

1

1

2

Irregular (neither normal nor para) including those men-

tioned under "4" above,

Cultures impossible to agglutinate as no growth was

obtained,

Inagglutinable types,

Total,

7

5

5

1.0

32

Therefore, notwithstanding the fact that no cases have developed in the gaol, we find in the series investigated that 2461 per cent. harbour meningococcus-like orga- nisms in the nasopharynx.

An analysis of the types found show that three inmates yielded para of irregular para- meningococci, the types prevailing in the epidemic in the Colony. Yet the normal or regular types of meningococci, which are capable of developing the disease, were present in 11 of the prisoners. The significance of the predominant normal types in the healthy carriers and the presence of the other irregular types is still under investigation. The types among the cultures of contacts taken by Drs. Macfarlane and Earle were not deter- mined so that no comparisons can be made.

The age of the inmate apparently has no bearing on the carriage of the meningococcus.

The length of time of detention in the gaol previous to the taking of the culture is summarized as follows:

Up to 1 month.

From 1 to 3 months.

From 3 to 6 months.

From 6 to 12 months.

After 1 year.

Negatives Positives....

32

9

31

10

13

12

18

3

2

It will be noted that most of the inmates showing positive cultures have been con- fined. up to 3 months. The epidemic was 5 months in its course when the cultures were taken. The three inmates who carried the same type of meningococci which prevails in the epidemic entered the gaol, 11 days, 29 days and 36 days previous to the culture. In other words, it appears that the old prisoners were less apt to be infected than the younger (with regard to the time of confinement).

With reference to the degree of infection, it will be noted that most of these carriers harboured only few or occasional organisms. However, in four carriers they were nume- rous (2 plus) and in two the meningococcus was the predominating organism (3 plus). One of these two carried the same type found in the patients (irregular para), while the other, the irregular type.

The former (Prison No. 5662) may be regarded as explain this term later on.

66

'dangerous carrier". I shall

Finally in several instances, more than one colony of the same plate culture was examined for type. The results confirm the already established fact that usually all the meningococci in the same nasopharynx are of the same type.

75

In conclusion, the results of the swabbing of a number of the inmates of the Victoria Gaol show: Firstly, that a number (24.61 per cent.) of carriers of organisms indistin- guishable from meningococci have been found. Secondly, that these carriers harbour practically all types of the meningococcus. Thirdly, that three of the carriers harbour organisms indistinguishable from the types of those found in the epidemic. One of these inmates carries almost a pure culture of one of the types prevalent in the epidemic. Fourthly, that the percentage of carriers in gaol is higher than that demonstrated by Drs. Macfarlane and Earle among the actual contacts with the patients during the epidemic. Finally, among the six hundred or more prisoners, no case of epidemic meningitis has developed.

5.--Epidemiological Conclusions.

The epidemiological conclusions from the foregoing findings are as follows:----

(a.) The pre-epidemic factors.-Sporadic cases of meningitis have occurred. Car- riers of meningococci have also been found in the gaol population, in some who have been inmates for over a year. On the other hand, the port is a great commercial centre and a carrier or a patient may have been “im- ported". In other event, the source of infection may have been a healthy carrier or a patient, native or foreign.

An excessively dry but extremely cold winter prevailed, at the same time there was an extraordinary number of cases of pharyngitis and bronchial affections and influenza.

These are favourable conditions in view of previous experience for development of cases of epidemic meningitis but these factors do not explain the great spread of the disease throughout the Colony, especially throughout the Chinese community.

(b.) The influence of overcrowding. The factor which impresses one as being of greatest importance in the dissemination of the disease in the Colony is the extensive overcrowding. The bases upon which this conclusion rests

are :-

1. The meteorological conditions.

2. The relative incidence of the disease in crowded and in uncrowded

districts.

3. The lack of relationship between the number of carriers and the spread

of the disease.

4. The bacteriological evidence obtained from the patients.

·

It has been demonstrated that the meteorological factors have an important relation- ship to the dissemination of epidemic meningitis. Cold weather especially in the absence of sunlight resulted in an increase in the number of cases. On the other hand, the meningococcus is...... a fragile micro-organism and does not long withstand ordinary air temperatures and the drying of the secretions containing them; once separated from nasopharynx, it soon succumbs in external nature". But when the cold weather appears the population, already overcrowded abandon the habit of sleeping out in the open streets and literally swarm in the cubicles. These cubicles are box-like compartments, com- pletely shut in the cold nights, unventilated and overcrowded.

Should one inmate harbour the meningococcus it will soon be distributed over all the others of the dwelling. The mechanism of dissemination is more or less direct; it.. "consists in the ejection of the nasopharyngeal secretions into the surrounding atmosphere. This ejection does not take place during ordinary breathing and little, as a rule during quiet speaking. But in loud speaking and particularly in coughing, sneezing, hawking and spitting, the secretions may be sprayed and scattered widely" (ibid).

Thus while the meningococcus is a very fragile organism and succumbs easily in external nature, in overcrowded and ill-ventilated conditions it passes from one to another readily. The cold temperatures, while detrimental to the meningococcus out- side the body, by bringing about a condition of overcrowding and close contact, favors the general distribution of this micro-organism.

* Flexner, Simons Mode of Infection, Means of Prevention and Specific Treatment of Epidemic Meningitis, New York, 1917.

76

The relative incidence of the disease in crowded and uncrowded districts adds further evidence. As shown above, the disease took its greatest toll from the crowded districts. Among the Europeans the incidence was a 1:1250 among the Chinese it was as 1:509 * Yet epidemic meningitis is not peculiarly a disease of the Chinese. In Swatow, simi-. larly, about sixty cases developed--all among Chinese, who live under the same (or possibly worse) conditions as in Hongkong. On the Trans-Pacific, or the coast-line steamships numerous cases have occurred in the crowded steerage and but rarely has a case occurred among the cabin passengers. Among the Chinese themselves, in the less crowded areas of Kowloon, fewer cases pro rata have developed.

On the other hand, at Canton there were no authenticated cases of epidemic menin- gitis amongst the Chinese, according to the medical authorities at the Canton Hospital. The crowding at Canton is of a different nature from that in the Colony. In the former city, there are too many dwelling houses on too small a space but there are no cubicles within the houses. Each house has two storeys; the upper one usually has an open skylight. Each floor is subdivided into two large rooms with beds along the walls, so that the usual number of occupants, five to seven have sufficient air space; the front and rear walls open completely on to balconies or to the street. In other words the Can- tonese live in better ventilated quarters and are less crowded within their dwellings than the natives of Hongkong.

This evidence based on the relative incidence in crowded and uncrowded living conditions shows the direct influence of crowding upon the dissemination of epidemic meningitis.

The relation of the carrier to the spread of the epidemic offers an interesting study. Of course a carrier is a sine qua non of an infection. He is the source of infection. But the passive carrier per se, that is, the healthy carrier not subject to the influences shown to be contributing to the dissemination of the disease has been found to have had little influence upon the great spread of the epidemic.

Drs. Macfarlane and Earle have shown that the percentage of carriers among Eur- opean contacts was 9.8 per cent. while that among Chinese contacts was 67 per cent. Yet the Chinese by far outnumbered the European cases.

I have found that 2461 per cent. of 130 inmates of the gaol harbour various types of meningococci, yet not a single case has developed in the gaol. More important is the fact that the living conditions in the gaol, as far as overcrowding is concerned, is more hygienic than in the Chinese community.

The bacteriological evidence obtained from patients suffering from epidemic men- ingitis offers additional proof of the spread of the epidemic by close contact. That almost all (95 per cent.) of the patients examined should be infected with one type, when other types are present in the community command attention. While the evidence is not con- clusive, yet it is very suggestive of the great communicability of the disease directly from one person to another-a condition which is usually brought about by close contact of individuals.

(c.) Other factors contributing to the continuance of the epidemic. The epidemic having gained headway, it is possible that its continuance depends on the constant immigration into the Colony, adding new susceptible individuals to the epidemic areas who come in contact in this way with the sources of infection. To this may be added the unhygienic habits of the natives: the use of common drinking cups and towels; the use of the same and uncleansed food utensils by the numerous patrons of the street and house restaurants; the placing of food directly on streets which are covered with mouth and nose discharges, and indeed, the many ways prevailing in the Chinese community of distributing the nasopharyngeal secretions from one to another.

* According to returns to the Medical Officer of Health. The actual number of cases have been very much greater, as

stated above.

77

6.-Means of Prevention.

The means of prevention of epidemics of this disease may be classed into two groups: general measures and measures referring to the patient and his environment. The first have for their object the prevention of the spread of the meningococcus from one nasopharynx to another and the decrease of the individual susceptibility to the disease; the second, the limiting of the infectious influence of the patient and contact carriers.

A.--General Measures.

(a.) Education of the Chinese. In the Colony epidemic meningitis proved to be a great devastating disease of the Chinese, the danger to the Europeans only arising from the great numbers of sources of infection which arose and the chance contact with them inside or outside the home. Yet the objections to any preventive measures will arise among the Chinese. Furthermore, unless their resistance is overcome, very little may be hoped for in either preventing the disease or in ameliorating the appalling death-rate.

However, it is apparent that much may be done by educating the Chinese people, including officials, by the demonstration that these methods are meant for their own welfare. The methods which suggest themselves are public lectures, preferably by native officials or physicians, the cinema, advertisements in native newspapers, issuing bulletins, pamphlets in plain and non-technical language and the systematic instruction of school children-in other words, doing whatever will conduce to a helpful co-opera- tion of the natives with the sanitary authorities.

In this connection stress should be laid on the superiority of the Western methods of treatment and diagnosis over the Chinese. The quoting of the statistics of the Tung Wah Hospital should prove convincing information.

The lack of knowledge of modern sanitation should be dealt with in this system of education, especially as it applies to the general habit of expectoration; the use of com- mon eating and drinking utensils, towels and toothbrushes; the exposure of food to infection by placing it directly on soiled streets. As this disease is transmitted by contact with the discharges from the nose and mouth the principles of personal hygiene which are directed against infection by these means, should be emphasized. These include above all the avoidance of "droplet" infection: the coughing or sneezing directly in one's face; hawking or talking loudly at a person.

(b.) The management of the epidemic. The placing of the control of the epidemic of epidemic meningitis in a board has not resulted in any active preventive work. There is much to criticise upon the ineffectiveness of this method. To quote Rosenau: "In the conduct of an epidemic it is very important that all authority should center in one person. To conduct an epidemic with a board of health or a health committee or a com- mission of any kind invites failure. It would be just as foolish to have a board of gene- rals to fight a battle. Those who have been through many epidemics realize that it is no figure of speech to compare an epidemic campaign to a battle. It is a fight carried on at high tension and, although the foe is invisible, it is a battle in every sense of the word."

The Government is therefore advised to place authority not on a board or committee but upon one individual, who may receive advice from a board, in event this necessity arises.

(c) Overcrowding. An attempt has been made to demonstrate the importance of overcrowding of the population upon the wide spread dissemination of the disease. Indeed, it may be stated, that as long as the overcrowding continues, under additional adverse conditions of life, as, a cold winter season, the occurrence of infections of nose and throat mucous membranes, thus increasing the spraying capacity of individuals, and a migrating population, outbreaks may occur in the Colony from time to time.

It is beyond the scope of this investigation to state how this great social and econo- mic problem of delocating, as it were, the enormous numbers of Chinese from the small area of their community may be accomplished. Reclamation of land and colonizing the adjacent New Territories by improving transit facilities suggest themselves. But this question is left for solution by the Government.

/

78

Not only should the prevention of overcrowding be directed against the living quarters, but the Government should also consider the overcrowding of tram-cars, schools, theatres or places of public assembly and workshops.

(d) The prevention of pharyngeal infections and influenza is necessary especially since these diseases have been generally found to predispose to attacks and dissemination of epidemic meningitis. The means of prevention of nose and throat infections are, in the main, practically those indicated above for the prevention of contamination with the nose and throat discharges.

(e) Employment of masks.-During the height of an epidemic extraordinary pre- cautions should be taken by the physicians, nurses and sanitary staff (especially the sanitary inspectors) when coming in contact with numbers of natives or patients. In- deed, for those of the inhabitants of the Colony who are forced to come in close contact with a number of natives or Europeans, the mask offers a good means of prevention of droplet infection. The best mask is the one used in North China for prevention of pneumonic plague: a pad of cotton contained within two layers of gauze and tied by three tails, one over head, two in back of the head, over and under the ears.

(f) Preventive inoculations (prophylactic vaccination). At the present time a gre at deal of work is being done with the view of decreasing the susceptibility of an individual to epidemic meningitis. It is logical to assume that when the individual resistance against infection is heightened that the disease cannot gain headway.

Immunization by repeated injection of saline suspensions of dead organisms has been attempted elsewhere on large scales. The results up to the present indicate that hopes may be entertained as 'to the efficacy of this method. Indeed, the initial success warrants the advice to the Government to encourage generally these preventive inocula- tions. As this work is still experimental, the vaccination need not be made compulsory. Time, however, will tell whether the method will offer a practical preventive against epidemic meningitis, as typhoid vaccination against typhoid fever.

The Bacteriological Institute has been provided with all the means of preparing the vaccine and is ready, at a short notice, to supply vaccine for the needs of the Colony.

It is advised that complete records of the vaccination be kept by the Medical Officer of Health, who will supervise the injections and follow the vaccinated individuals with the view of adding any information of value for future reference. The most advanta- geous time to start the vaccination is at the end of August or beginning of September.

This methed of preventive inoculation has proven experimentally to be practically harmless. It consists in the subcutaneous injection of saline suspensions of meningococci killed by heat. The dosage is 2 billion bacteria for the first, 4 billion for the second and third injections (or as it is prepared, one half cubic centimeter for the first and one cubic centimeter for the second and third injections). The injections are given at weekly intervals. There may result in slight local or general reactions (headache, malaise, etc.) for one to two days after the injections; otherwise there are no serious consequences.

Finally, preventive inoculations by means of a vaccine while still in an experimental stage have been proven to give rise to antibodies in the blood against the meningococcus. This, together with the fact that results thus far show a degree of protection and that the inoculations are practically harmless, should make as many persons as possible submit to the procedure.

B.-Preventive Measures with Reference to the Patient and His Environment.

(a) Isolation of the patient.-Isolation of the patient so as to remove his area of influence, with regard to his infectivity, is the prime consideration. Before this can be done, it is obvious that the patient must be recognised first. It becomes necessary then for the local physicians to be trained in the recognition of the clinical symptoms especially of the milder cases. At all times the clinical symptoms should be confirmed by microscopic and bacteriological examination of the cerebro-spinal fluid, and where indicated, by the bacteriological examination of the nasopharyngeal secretions.

- 79

Important to note is the fact that the very mild case, the patient who is "missed" in diagnosis, may be quite as infective as the fulminating type of case. The number of missed cases in the Chinese community apparently is very large. It therefore behoves the Sanitary Department to strengthen that department, the activities of which include ho ise-to-house inspection. During an epidemic intelligent and trained inspectors should investigate every household and attempt to locate for subsequent investigation patients suffering from fever, headache, hyperesthesia, stiffness of the neck muscles, Kernig's sign, apathy and weakness. A non-fading rash, as well, is an important phenomenon, and herpes especially about the lips are suggestive symptoms.

The difficulties in isolating the patient and the mild or missed case in Hongkong are obvious. However, the establishment of a corps of sanitary police by the Govern- ment suggests itself. It is hoped however, that by a thorough system of education, the natives may be made receptive to these activities and co-operate with the Government for the benefit of their own welfare.

The patient is kept isolated not only during the course of the fever but also at least one week after the fever has subsided. The object is to avoid the discharge of a "dangerous" carrier. Cultures are taken from the nasopharynx and when there are no meningococci demonstrable for three examinations at five-day intervals it is reasonably safe to discharge the patient.

(b.) Establishment of hospitals. If the Kennedy Town and the Tung Wah Hospitals prove insufficient for the number of cases, it is advised that additional hospital facilities be provided. The isolation in a hospital is preferable; isolation at home (as it is con- stituted now) is to be avoided. The additional hospital space can be obtained by constructing matsheds, or other temporary structures, which need not be expensive but should be comfortable and roomy. Camps or barracks serve the purpose when the necessity arises.

(e) Nurses and physicians attending to meningitis cases should protect themselves especially from droplet infection, by wearing masks while on duty. Those articles, whether eating or drinking utensils, toothbrushes, or bedding, which become contaminated with the nasopharyngeal secretions of the patient are thoroughly disinfected. The terminal disinfection comprises the thorough cleansing of all articles coming in contact with the patient.

(d.) Search for carriers among contacts. The families of patients as well as those who have been is contact with the patient are examined bacteriologically for the pre- sence of meningococci in the nasopharynx. In this way, carriers and especially the "dangerous" carrier, that is, the one who harbours numerous meningococci and parti- cularly of the same type as the patient, can be recognised and their influence controlled. The former are treated (as will be indicated below) until the nasopharynx is free from the meningococci; the latter are, as well, isolated.

At this point, it is important to emphasize the futility of the bacteriological exami- nation of great numbers or all of the population (a method which has been suggested). In the first place even in the hands of skilled workers, many may escape detection; the technique of bacteriological examination is very difficult. Secondly, if the same number of the population is infected, as I have detected at the gaol, what disposition could be made. of the hundred thousand or more individuals which would be classed as carriers? Thirdly, cases only very rarely develop amongst isolated carriers (as in the case of the gaol). Fourthly an attempt has been made to show that other factors, as the dense overcrowding of the population, are more important in the wide-spread dissemination of the disease than the presence of numerous healthy carriers.

Hence in the present state of our knowledge the detection of the contact carriers, especially the dangerous carrier, and the elimination of their influence, should suffice.

Ċ.—The Means of Prevention of the Dissemination of Epidemic Meningitis to Distant Parts.

As Hongkong depends for its existence in a great measure upon the steamship traffic, import and export business, and as there is usually heavy migration of the popula- tion, the problem of limiting the spread of the disease to distant areas becomes important.

80

The number of cases which have recently occurred among the coast and trans-Pacific steamships have with a very few exceptions been localized to the steerage passengers. Owing to heavy traffic and limited steamship space, there has been a tendency to over- crowd the passengers.

Besides the measures stated above the following is emphasized.

The first consideration is the prevention of both overcrowding and the lack of proper ventilation. This applies to railways as well.

During the prevalence of an epidemic, it is advisable to prohibit the departure. by rail or ship of any actual contact with a case especially those contacts shown by bacteriological examination to be dangerous carriers.

It is not necessary to restrict any trading with merchandise as goods or inanimate. objects, have not as yet proven to be sources of infection.

D.--The Treatment of Carriers.

In general, it may be stated that in an individual who is lightly infected (designated above by "plus-minus" or "one plus" on plate cultures) the meningococcus has tendency to disappear. In others, however, the micro-organism tends to be persistent and requires energetic treatment before it disappears from the nasopharynx. Indeed in some cases, in spite of active treatment, the healthy carriers or convalescents are not freed of the meningococcus for a period of months.

At the present time the most efficacious treatment, as demonstrated by investigations. carried on under the direction of Dr. Flexner, is that which takes into consideration the condition of the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx, as well as the chemical disin- fection. In a heavily-infected carrier it becomes a very tedious process to destroy the meningococcus unless any pathological condition of the mucous membrane is remedied. Sinusitis, pharyngitis, tonsilitis and diseased adenoids must be treated and the mem- branes restored to normal; otherwise the meningococcus will have a tendency to persist (and sometimes in pure cultures) in spite of any disinfection.

The most effective chemical disinfection is the steam chamber devised by Gordon and Flack (British Medical Journal, November 18, 1916, page 673). The construction of the chamber is given in detail in their article. Chloramine-T, in a 2 per cent. aqueous solution is the chemical used for vaporization. One litre of the solution is sprayed by means of steam into a room of 750 cubic feet capacity in the course of 15 to 20 minutes. The carrier remains in this chamber for this length of time during which he inhales deeply through the nostrils. One treatment is given each day. If the carrier is lightly infected, he will be freed from the meningococcus in a few days; if heavily infected, it may take from one to several weeks. In any event, the restoration of the nasopharyngeal mucous membrane to its normal condition will hasten to a great extent the clearing up process.

These steam-chambers can be set up at the various hospitals in the Colony.

Should the steam-chamber prove inconvenient, hand sprays (or atomisers) may be substituted. The most efficacious of these means, is the use of dichloramine- T, a 2 per cent. solution in chlorcosane, a bland, unirritating oil. The method of procedure is as follows:-The nose is cleared with salt solution first, either by spraying or irrigating. Instead of salt solution chloramine-T in one-quarter per cent. aqueous

solution may

be used both as a cleansing agent and as a gargle. Having thus cleared the nose, the

gargle. dichloramine-T, in chlorcosane, is sprayed thoroughly into each nostril, by means of an oil-atomizer. Four treatments are given a day at about three-hour intervals. Indiscriminate spraying should be avoided on the grounds that the mucous membrane may be damaged and a previously lightly-infected carrier may become heavily-infected.

The discharge of a carrier who has been subject to treatment, as free from the meningococcus, follows after three cultures taken at five-day intervals are found to be negative.

81

In conclusion, the prevention of an epidemic does not rest on the swabbing of the entire population, nor the universal "atomizing" of all the inhabitants-both measures of great impracticability in the Colony and of questionable value, as demonstrated above. On the other hand, these means which aim at the removal of the causes of the great spread of the disease as, for example, overcrowding or those means which are directed against the decrease of susceptibility or the increase of the individual's resistance to infection, are to be recommended.

7.—Summary.

(a) A survey showed that the supply of antimeningococcic serum on hand consisted mainly of serum of questionable therapeutic efficacy: that the Colony is too far removed from a source of supply of reliable serum; that the necessity of serum is great, for, not only is the mortality very high but there are possibilities of recurring outbreaks; that one type of meningococcus (para type) appears to prevail. On these grounds, it was advised that the Government, under its own supervision, undertake the preparation of antimeningococcic serum, especially active against the prevailing type.

To this end the laboratory has been re-fitted; horses are being immunized and it is hoped that in the future a constant supply of potent serum will be always available.

While the preparation is proceeding, an adequate amount of serum (1,125 doses) was supplied by the Rockefeller Institute. This serum shows a high antibody content against the prevailing type and may be regarded as therapeutically potent *.

(b) In respect to the method of treatment, it is advised that all cases be given the benefit of serum treatment. But to attain the best results, these factors are emphasized : the serum must be potent: it must be injected early and in sufficient quantity and, as shown above, intravenous as well as intraspinous injections may be given to advantage.

With an abundant supply of active serum on hand and with the full co-operation of the population, it is hoped the devastating effect of the disease will be in a great measure ameliorated.

(c) The facts which lead to the conclusion that overcrowding rather than the actual numbers of carriers determines the spread of the disease are: (1) The meteorological conditions. The colder the weather, the greater becomes the overcrowding, and as a consequence greater is the number of cases developed. (2) The relative incidence of the disease in crowded and uncrowded districts shows a pro rata decrease in the latter sections and a similar increase in the former. (3) The prevalence of a single type in many of the patients (although all the types of meningococci have been found in carriers) points to the possibility of the infection travelling from one to another by direct contact. crowded conditions of existence this contact is, of course, closer. (4) The gaol in which almost ideal conditions exist with regard to an absence of overcrowding, although harbouring 24.61 per cent of carriers among 130 inmates, yielded no cases during the epidemic. (5) Furthermore, the extent of carriers among contacts was less than among the prisoners. Also (6) the number of European contacts was greater than Chinese although the disease was almost entirely limited to the Chinese.

In

Attention has also been called to the disregard of the principles of personal hygiene among the natives in respect to the nasal and mouth discharges, factors which serve to continue the development of cases.

Reference was also made to the conditions preceding the onset of the epidemic namely, an unusually cold winter and a prevalence of influenza and pharyngitis.

2

(d) The prevention of epidemic meningitis has been shown to depend upon the active co-operation of the native with the health and sanitary officers:

* Since the arrival of the Flexuer serum, it was possible to treat with it only two cases; one injected with another

serum for a long time but slowing no improvement; the other, a case with a Hopeless prognosis before treas ment. Both recovered.

82

In general, it may be stated that very little if any progress can be made unless a thorough education of the Chinese is undertaken, particularly concerning the Western ideals of the treatment and prevention of epidemic meningitis. The conditions of life among the Chinese in the Colony tend to spread this disease almost exclusively among them. There are hopes that even the usual methods of instruction and enlightenment, as the cinema, pamphlets, advertisements, lectures in Chinese, exhibitions; and the awakening of interest among the native officials and physicians, may lead to active co-operation and the demolition of the barriers of the native's passive resistance.

In brief, the most important factor in the supervision of epidemic meningitis in the Colony is the prevention of overcrowding. Hence the greatest consideration should be given to this problem.

The other general preventive measures include the education of the native in the matter of personal hygiene. Those principles dealing with the care of the nasal and pharyngeal mucosa and with the prevention of the spread of nose and mouth discharges from one to another are especially to be impressed.

Attention has also been called to the futility of conducting an epidemic campaign by means of a board or committee and it is recommended that the authority for managing preventive measures rest upon one individual.

Physicians, nurses and those forced to come in contact with great numbers of persons during the course of an epidemic are advised to employ a mask similar to that in use for the prevention of pneumonic plague.

An important general measure which has been recently developed is preventive inoculation. While this is still in the experimental stage, the outlook from preliminary work appears hopeful-indeed, so much so that the Government is advised to encourage its use generally. The laboratory is prepared at present to supply vaccine adequate to the needs of the Colony.

With respect to the patient and his environment, it has been shown that immediate isolation of the patient is necessary. The definite clinical knowledge of the disease and the more extensive use of lumbar puncture suggest themselves as aids in the detection of mild or "missed" cases. For their isolation is just as important.

It is also recommended that the discharge of the patient from isolation should wait upon the freeing of the nasopharynx of the meningococcus.

The search for carriers among the contacts with the patient, is a necessary pro- cedure. The treatment of the contact carriers and the isolation and treatment of the dangerous carrier (one harbouring numerous meningococci, especially of the same type as found in the patient) are indicated. The treatment of persistent carriers has been shown to depend on a great measure on the restoration of the nasopharyngeal mucous membranes to its normal condition. In connection with the detection of carriers, the futility of swabbing great numbers or all of the population has been demonstrated.

In conclusion preventive measures are directed towards the prevention of the spread of the meningococcus from one nasopharynx to another, on the one hand, and increasing the resistance against infection, or decreasing the susceptibility, on the other. The first is accomplished by instituting those measures which seek the prevention of overcrowd- ing, the isolation of the patient, the control of the contact and dangerous carrier and the prevention of droplet infection; the second, by what is hoped will prove efficacious, preventive inoculation by means of antimeningococcic vaccine.

Conclusions.

1. The local production of potent antimeningococcic serum and the systematic specific treatment of patients will serve to allay the distress of an appalling mortality during an epidemic.

2. In four of ten moribund patients the meningococcus was found in the blood. This emphasizes the need of intravenous combined with the intraspinous methods of

treatment.

83

3. A more extensive use of the diagnostic methods especially in relation to the cere- bro-spinal fluid will aid in the detection of mild or missed cases.

4. The Victoria Gaol, where the prisoners are kept isolated from each other, has shown an incidence of 2461 per cent.* of carriers but no cases of epidemic meningitis.

5. This and the other facts stated above, have led to the conclusion that the dense overcrowding of the population, rather than the actual number of healthy carriers of various types of meningococci, is the cause of the great spread of the epidemic.

6. With regard to prevention, the important measures have been shown to be:---

(a.) The education of the Chinese in order to effect an active co-operation with

the health and sanitary authorities.

(b.) The prevention of overcrowding.

(c.) The prevention of droplet infection, the infections of the nose and throat, by the instruction of the principles of personal hygiene and, under the conditions indicated above, the employment of masks.

(d.) The detection and treatment of contact carriers, including the isolation of those carriers who harbour numerous meningococci (especially of the same type which is present in the patient).

(e.) The isolation of the patients, including the mild and ambulatory types. (f.) The discharge of patients and carriers after three examinations at five-day

intervals show the absence of meningococci.

(g.) Although still in an experimental stage, the use of preventive inoculations

of anti-meningococci vaccine.

2145/1918.

GOVERNMENT HOUSE, HONGKONG, 16th July, 1918.

SIR, The grateful thanks of this Government to the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research for detailing Lieutenant Olitsky to visit the Colony in connection with the recent epidemic of cerebro-spinal meningitis will have already been conveyed to you by the courtesy of His Majesty's Ambassador at Washington.

Lieutenant Olitsky has completed his investigations and is now about to return to America having assisted this Government with most useful advice and having left with me a very valuable and instructive report.

I enclose a copy of the official letter which has been addressed to him, in which this Government has endeavoured to express its lively appreciation of his services. He has worked in perfect harmony with all those with whom he has been brought into contact and his industry, tact, and courtesy have at all times enhanced the power of assistance with which his expert knowledge endows him.

On behalf of this Colony I ask you and the Institution you represent to accept our warmest thanks for the prompt and generous manner in which you have come to our assistance.

I have, &c.,

F. H. MAY,

Governor, &c.

Lieutenant-Colonel SIMON FLEXNER, N.A., U.S.A.,

Director of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research,

66th Street and Avenue A,

New York, U.S.A.

* No attempt is made here to interpret the various types of meningococci found among the healthy carriers of the

gaol. This is left for further laboratory investigations.

2145/1918.

84

COLONIAL SECRETARY'S OFFICE,

HONGKONG, 10th July, 1918.

SIR,-I am directed to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 20th June, transmitting your report on the investigations of the outbreak of epidemic meningitis in Hongkong, which was handed to me by you on the 6th July.

His Excellency the Governor has perused the report with much interest, and desires me to convey to you his great appreciation of your valuable work during the short period. you have been in Hongkong.

The clear and practical recommendations made in your report will have the earnest consideration of this Government, and it is hoped that it may be possible to take such measures as will tend to ameliorate the conditions existing in the Colony and to ecmbat the spread of the epidemic.

I have, &c.,

CLAUD SEVERN,

Colonial Secretary.

First Lieut. PETER K. OLITSKY, M.R.C., U.S.A.

39

No. 8

1918

HONGKONG.

ABSTRACT SHOWING THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE APPROVED ESTIMATES OF EXPENDITURE FOR 1918 AND THE ESTIMATES OF EXPENDITURE FOR 1919.

Increase

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government,

3rd October, 1918.

Total 1918

Total 1919

Decrease.

CLASS I.

GENERAL ADMINISTRATION.

Total Increase

1.-Governor.

$1,849,195

3,233,179

15.23%

22.03%

$ 1,383,984

Personal Emoluments.

Good Conduct Allowances

8

Higher Exchange

$

4,457

Good Conduct Allowances

24

8

$

4,481

Total Increase

Other Charges.

Total Decrease

$

4,481

Deduct Increase...

8

Net Decrease

4,473

Increase.

40

2.-Colonial Secretary's Department and Legislature.

Decrease.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

$

151

Higher Exchange

New Posts

1,128

Abolition of Posts

Good Conduct Allowances

15

Reduction on New Appointments

2.748 1,440 161

Messenger: House Allowance .

24

1,318

$

4,349

Other Charges.

Uniform for Messenger

25

Total Decrease

4.349

Total Increase

1,343

Deduct Increase.......

1,343

Net Decrease

3,006

Special Expenditure.

Cabinets Document Presses

250

400

Total Decrease

650

3.- Secretariat for Chinese Affairs.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

..$

374

Sergeant: Good Conduct Medal Allow-

Reduction on New Appointments ...$ Higher Exchange

400

584

ance

Sergeant: Fuel and Light Allowance New Posts

Good Conduct Allowances

47

Abolition of Posts

2,028

42

Good Conduct Allowances

20

1,950

7

New Appointment

277

2,697

3,032

Other Charges.

Total Decrease

3,032

Total Increase

$

2,697

Deduct Increase....

2,697

Net Decrease

335

Stipulated Increments

New Posts

Good Conduct Allowances

4.- Audit Department.

Personal Emoluments.

$

$

**

1,152 3,070

4,224

Higher Exchange

Abolition of Posts

VA

1,016 2,160

3,176

Transport and Travelling

200

Other Charges.

Share of Home Expenditure: Higher

Exchange

567

200

$

567

Total Increase

$

4,424

Deduct Decrease...

3,743

Total Decrease

$

CA

3,743

Net Increase

681

Increase.

41

5. Treasury.

Personal Emoluments.

3,889

Higher Exchange

Abolition of Posts

Reduction on New Appointments Good Conduct Allowances

Other Charges.

Stipulated Increments.

$

118

New Posts

3,756

Good Conduct Allowances

15

ff.

Treasury:

Decrease.

CA

1,571 2,240 743

32

4.586

Contributions to Guarantee Fund

for 2 Shroffs

Assessor of Rates

House Numbering Stamp Office :-

Stamps

100

50

1,500

1,650

Total Decrease

6,236

Deduct Increase...

3,889

Total Increase

3,889

Net Decrease

2,347 .

Stipulated Increments New Posts

6.- Harbour Master's Department.

Personal Emoluments.

838

Higher Exchange

3.433

765

Reduction on New Appointments

1,516

Increase of Salaries.

120

Abolition of Posts

420

Good Conduct Allowances

20

Good Conduct Allowances

2

Boatmen

Long Service Allowances

2

Lighthouse Keepers :--

:

Seamen Allowances for qualifying

as Coxswains ..

House Allowance

540

96

Lodging Allowance

168

Lighthouse Keepers :-

House Allowances..

540

2,381

6,079

Other Charges.

Harbour Office :-

Harbour Office :

Fees to Unofficial Members of

Oil and Sundry Stores

.$

300

Marine Courts

200

Steam Launches :-

Incidental Expenses

300

Coal and Liquid Fuel

3,000

Raising and renewing Moorings of

Ocean Steamships

700

Repairs to Boats, Buoys, etc...

250

Mercantile Marine Office :-

Uniform for Messenger......

2

Marine Surveyor's Office :-

Launch Repairs

Steam Launches :-

Repairs

100

4,500

Lighthouses and Lights :--

Acetylene Gas, (Cape Collinson)..

170

Acetylene Gas, (Ma Wan)

145

Acetylene Gas, (Blackhead's Hill)..

170

Kap Sing Island Lighthouse :--

Incidentals...

20

Upkeep of Aga Lights for Fairway

Buoys, Cast Buoy, and Harbour

of Refuge (Lights)

750

7,307

Total Increase

9,688

$

3,300

Deduct Decrease...

9,379

Total Decrease

$ 9,379

Net Increase

309

}

42

Decrease.

Furniture

500

Total Decrease Deduct Increase...

500

$

180

Net Decrease

*A-

$

320

Increase.

Special Expenditure.

Typewriter...

180

Total Increase

180

Stipulated Increments

7.-Imports and Exports Department.

Personal Emoluments.

465

Higher Exchange

2,736

New Posts

2.731

Abolition of Posts

2.462

Overtime Allowances...

1,500

Reduction on New Appointments

77

Good Conduct Allowances Salt Control

40

10,000

14,736

$

5,275

Other Charges.

Launch:-

Coal

800

Opium :---

Fuel

5,000

Purchase of Raw Opium, etc.

50,000

Secret Service

1,000

Salt Control

13,000

$

69,800

Total Increase

$ 84,536

Deduct Decrease.......

5,275

Total Decrease

5,275

Net Increase

79,261

Special Expenditure.

Salt Control

50,000

Triennial Inspection of Launch -

Boilers

300

Total Increase

50,000

Deduct Décrease......

300

Total Decrease

300

Net Increase

49,700

8.-Royal Observatory.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments New Posts

250

Higher Exchange

209

Reduction on New Appointment

459

Other Charges.

Electric Fans and Light

50

50

Total Increase

509.

Total Decrease Deduct Increase...

Net Decrease

Anemograph for Gap Rock

Total Increase

Special Expenditure.

800

800

$

516 36

552

3

552

509

43

Increase.

43

9. Miscellaneous Services.

Decrease.

Bathing Places, North Point and Ken-

nedy Town, 2 Watchmen... Grants in aid of Scientific Institutions:-

Imperial Bureau of Mycology,

London, (£50)

Grants in aid of Other Institutions :-

University of Hongkong, Yunnan

Scholarship Fund

New Government Offices :-

Stipulated Increments

$ 40

Grants in aid of Scientific Institu-

tions:-

Cancer Research Fund, (£30)

100

Imperial Bureau of Entomology,

333

London, (£50)

167

London School of Tropical Me-

dicine, (£100)

333

1,000

Tropical Diseases Research Fund.

(£50)

167

11

New Law Courts :-

Grants in aid of Other Institutions : Imperial Institute, (£125)

417

Good Conduct Allowances

19

Rent Allowances

16,500

School of Oriental Studies, London

Institution, (£30)

100

War Expenditure:

Expenses of Postal Censorship

2,920

Society of Comparative Legisla-

tion, London, (£1. 1s.)

Special War Allowances on

Salaries

Language Bonuses

1,500

200,000

Language Study Allowances

580

Special War Rates, Contribution

Rent of Public Telephones

247

to Imperial Government ...1,095,000

Telegraph Services :-

Contribution in connection with

signalling Messages to Observa- tory, (£75)...

250

War Expenditure:

Maintenance of Prisoners of War,

(£12,000)

40,000

Maintenance of Families of Pri-

soners of War, (£1,500)

4,333

Expenses of Cable Censorship

2,438

Special Expenses of Imports and

Exports Department...

Special Expenses of Pass Office,

Police Department

561

220

Total Increase

$1,315,823

Deduct Decrease...

51,416

Net Increase

$1,264,407

Total Decrease

$ 51,416

Increase.

44

CLASS II.

LAW AND ORDER.

Total 1918

Total 1919

Total Increase

$1,301,752 1,306,913

$

5,161

1.Judicial and Legal Departments.

A. SUPREME COURT.

Personal Emoluments.

344 Higher Exchange Abolition of Posts

10.72%

8.90 %

Decrease.

Stipulated Increments.

New Posts

Language Allowance

$

4,319

1,440

2,160

120

Good Conduct Allowances

23

Reduction on New Appointment Good Conduct Allowances

195

House Allowances

600

2,527

6,677

Other Charges.

Registration of Companies at Shanghai

(£300)

$ 1,000

1,000

Total Decrease

7,677

Total Increase

2,527

Deduct Increase...

2,527

Net Decrease

5,150

Special Expenditure.

Furniture

200

Total Increase

$

200

B.-MAGISTRACY.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

320 Higher Exchange

New Appointments on Higher Salary Good Conduct Allowances

848

3

Reduction on New Appointments

960 70

$

1,171

$

1,030

Other Charges.

Total Increase

1,171

Deduct Decrease

1,030

Total Decrease

$ 1,030

Net Increase

141

}

Increase.

Stipulated Increments New Posts

Good Conduct Allowances

65

1,128

45

C. DISTRICT OFFICES.

Personal Emoluments.

Higher Exchange

Abolition of Posts

Decrease.

702

840

12

Reduction on New Appointments

520

1,205

خير

$

2,062

Other Charges.

Northern District

Afforestation Southern District:

Transport

Uniforms

$

2,500

250

34

SA

2,784

Total Increase

3,989

Deduct Decrease.....

Net Increase

2,062

Total Decrease

2,062

1,927

Special Expenditure.

Northern District :-

District Officer's Quarters: Laying

Southern District :-

Furniture...

120

out hillsides

.$

200

Furniture

180

Total Increase

380

Total Decrease

120

Deduct Decrease...

120

Net Increase

260

Law Reports

D.-ATTORNEY GENERAL.

Personal Emoluments.

Higher Exchange Good Conduct Allowances

1,000 11

1,011

Other Charges.

Typewriter...

150

150

Total Decrease

1,161

Special Expenditure.

1,000

$

1,000

Total Increase

$

1,000

E-OFFICE OF CROWN SOLICITOR AND LAND REGISTRY.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

New Posts

Good Conduct Allowances

60 2,880

Higher Exchange

$

766

13

Reduction on New Appointments Abolition of Posts

989

2,699

C:

2,953

$

4,454

Other Charges.

Total Decrease

4,454

Total Increase

2,953

Deduct Increase.....

$85

2,953

Net Decrease

1,501

Increase.

46

2.-Police and Prison Departments.

A. POLICE.

Decreaee.

Personal Emoluments.

New Posts

3,204

Higher Exchange

Stipulated Increments

1,118

Abolition of Posts

17,357 575

Good Conduct Medal Allowances

344

Reduction on New Appointments

276

Detective Allowances

120

Good Conduct Allowances

36

Increase of Salary.......

331

Good Conduct Allowances

473

5,640

18,244

Other Charges.

Cleansing Materials and Washing ...$

390

Equalisation of Exchange on Indian.

Clothing and Accoutrements

for

Police Remittances

8,000

Police Reserve

2,000

Good Conduct Rewards

200

Furniture, Repairs and Renewals

500

Grant to Police Reserve Band ...

1,500

Grants to Villages in New Territories

Rent of Stations...

336

in aid of Village Scout Scheme

600

Identification of Criminals

30

Launches and Boats :-

Repairs

3,500

Stores

2,000

Rent of Office for Deputy Superinten-

dent of Police (Reserve)

720

Small Stores

400

Stationery, Newspapers, and Tele-

grams

250

f

10,136

$

10,390

Total Decrease

28,380

Total Increase

16,030

Deduct Increase...

$

16,030

Net Decrease

$

12,350

Special Expenditure.

Triennial Boilers

Inspection of Launch

1,200

Total Increase

$

1,200

B.-FIRE BRIGADE.

Personal Emoluments.

Engine Driver (Chinese) :-

Higher Exchange

173

Allowance for being in charge of

Land Steamer.....

...

..$

36

Allowances to Police in charge of Fire

Despatch Boxes ...

40

Blacksmith:- Do.

Do.

36

Fireman :-

Allowance for being in charge of

Motor Tender .....

60

132

GA

213

Other Charges.

Clothing, Volunteer Fire Brigade $

200

Light and Electric Fans

...$

140

Incidental Expenses

Do., Volunteer Fire Brigade Repairs to Engines and Plant...

40

150

2,000

2,390

Total Increase Deduct Decrease......

Net Increase

*

353

.$ 2,169

2,522

$

140

Total Decrease

353

Special Expenditure.

Motor Fire Engines:--

Pumps (£2,800)...

.$

18,667

Total Increase

$

18,667

Increase.

47

C.-PRISON.

Decrease.

3,499

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

360

Higher Exchange

Language Allowances

200

Reduction on New Appointments

2,736 763

Good Conduct Badge Allowances

60

Long and

Meritorious

Services

Allowances

Good Conduct Allowances

9

29

658

Other Charges.

Cleansing and Sanitary Materials $

300

Clothing and Shoes for Staff

Clothing for Prisoners

Light

1,200

800

300

$

2,600

Total Decrease

3,499

Total Increase

3,258

Deduct Increase.......

3.258

Net Decrease

241

Increase.

Total 1918

Total 1919

Stipulated Increments

Increase of Salaries

Overtime Allowances...

New Posts

House Allowances

Good Conduct Allowances

48

Decrease.

CLASS III.

PUBLIC HEALTH.

Total Increase

Allowances to Staff during Epidemic Season, Kennedy Town Hospital... Travelling Allowance to Supervisor of Midwives, Public Dispensaries Seaman Allowance for qualifying

as Coxswain

$ 730.427

6:02 %

742,031

5:06 %

$ 11,604

1.--Medical Department.

Personal Emoluments.

1,421

Higher Exchange

4.764

1,823

216

Reduction on New Appointments Abolition of Posts

933

3,453

3,750

Good Conduct Allowances

68

132

67

S

9,218

100

1,200

24

8,733

Other Charges.

C.-Office of Health Officer of Port :-

B.-Hospitals and Asylums :--

Rent

20

Lunatic Asylum :-

D.-Institutes :-

Support of Lunatics abroad...$

400

Fuel and Light...

400

Victoria Hospital for Women and

Preparation of Viri, Vaccines, and

Children:

Sera...

150

Fuel and Light ...

300

Uniform

30

700

600

Total Decrease

9.918

Total Increase

9,333

Deduct Increase......

9,333

Net Decrease

585

Special Expenditure.

Purchase of Horses

$

400

Feeding of Horses

800

Incidental Stable Equipment

100

Serum Laboratory Equipment.

200

1,500

Increase.

49

2. Sanitary Department.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

874

Higher Exchange...

Increase of Salary...

470

Reduction on New Appointments

New Posts

3,012

Good Conduct Allowances

Good Conduct Allowances

43

Seamen

Allowances on qualifying as

Coxswains

48

$

4,447

?

Decrease.

A

6,060

250

27

$

6,337

Coolie Labour

$

200

General Cleansing, Chinese New Year

50

Launches, Steam Barges and Lighters :-

Coal

3,000

Other Charges.

Bath-houses: Fuel

Burial of Infected Bodies Light: Smaller Markets Uniform for Staff ...

验:

$

800

1,000

400

3.000

Repairs

3,000

Stores

500

Purchase and Maintenance of Bullocks

1,020

$

7,770

Total Increase

12,217

Deduct Decrease

11,537

Total Decrease

VA

SA

$

5.200

11,537

Net Increase

680

Special Expenditure.

1 4-wheeled Street Watering Van

$

800

Repairs to Steam Barges

3,000

1 4-wheeled Dust Cart

350

3 2-wheeled Dust Carts

660

Exhumation at the Kai Lung Wan

Cemetery..

10,000

Total Increase

$

11,810

Deduct Decrease...

3,000

Total Decrease

3,000

Net Increase

8,810

3. Botanical and Forestry Department.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

60

Higher Exchange

New Posts

295

Good Conduct Allowances

83

Reduction on New Appointments

Good Conduct Allowances

$

438

V

255

146

18

419

Other Charges.

Forestry, New Territories...

$3

1,000

Hire of Motor Car

180

1,180

Total Increase

$

1,618

Deduct Decrease...

419

Total Decrease

.$

419

Net Increase

$

1,199

Increase.

Total 1918

Total 1919

Total Increase

50

CLASS IV.

EDUCATION.

$ 380.402

3.13%

398,958

2.72

18,556

Decrease.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments.

7,639

Higher Exchange

5,365

New Posts

6,186

Abolition of Posts

6.848

Increase of Salary

5,635

Reduction on New Appointments

5,094

House Allowances

2,400

Good Conduct Allowances

14

Good Conduct Allowances

89

Allowance to Clerk, Technical Institute

120

$5

22,069

$

17.321

Other Charges.

Director of Education

Queen's College :-

Fees for 6 Students in Training at.

Hongkong University

Travelling Allowance to 1 Assistant

$

150

Master

Maintenance of 6 Students in Train-

Kowloon British School

ing at Hongkong University...

300

University Examination Fees

180

30

Queen's College :·

Electric Light, and Fans

75

University Examination Fees

250

Kowloon British School :-

Cookery Classes, (Gas, Utensils, etc.)

60

Victoria British School:-

University Examination Fees

10

Cookery Classes, (Gas, Utensils, etc.)

60

Belilios Public School :-

University Examination Fees

10

Grants:

Capitation Grants ...

1,363

University Examination Grants

590

$

2,868

210

Total Increase

$

24,937

Deduct Decrease......

17,531

Total Decrease

17,531

Net Increase

7,406

Special Expenditure.

Grants:

Education Office:

Building Grant for Diocesan Girls'

School

5,500

Equipment of District Schools ...$ Grants:

1,350

Building Grant for L. M. S. Girls'

Training Home

10,000

Building Grant for St. Joseph's

College

3,000

Total Increase

15,500

Deduct Decrease...

4,350

Total Decrease

4,350

Net Increase

11,150

J

Increase.

Total 1918

Total 1919

51

CLASS V.

DEFENCE.

$2,818,860 23:22 %

3,328,630 - 22·68 %

Total Increase

$ 509,770

1.-Military Expenditure.

A.-MILITARY CONTRIBUTION.

Contribution to Imperial Government $ 524,370

Total Increase

$ 524,370

B.--DEFENCE CORPS.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

60

Higher Exchange

Increase of Salary

90

Reduction on New Appointment

Good Conduct Allowances

14

164

Decrease.

$

Մ

464

184

648

Other Charges.

Books, Stationery, and Printing

.$

50

Electric Fans and Light

350

Equipment and Upkeep of Arms

200

Fuel

40

Ammunition

Camp Expenses

Rent of Telephones

Uniforms, including boots

3,918

700

338

11,000

Rifle Ranges, Upkeep of

200

Transport

1,000

CA

15,956

$

1,840

Total Decrease

16,604

Total Increase

$

2,004

Deduct Increase...

2,004

Net Decrease

$

14,600

Increase.

Total 1918

Total 1919

Stipulated Increments New Posts

Good Conduct Allowances Increase of Salary

New Appointment

52

CLASS VI.

PUBLIC WORKS.

$2,766,392

22.79%

3,779,615

2575%

Total Increase

$1,013,223

1.-Public Works.

A-PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT.

Decrease.

Personal Emoluments,

1,422

Higher Exchange

11.657

18,399

Reduction on New Appointments

5,508

168

Abolition of Posts

13.276

132

Good Conduct Allowances

21

240

30,462

$ 20,361

Other Charges.

Conveyance Allowances to :

Electric Fans and Lights.

200

Assistant Engineers

$

244

Incidental Expenses

600

Junior Assistant Surveyors

360

Upkeep of Dredger "St. Enoch "

1,500

Inspector of Stores

180

Overseers, General Staff

180

Transport and Travelling Expenses...

5,400

Uniform for House Service Inspectors and Meter Readers, Water Works..

50

6,414

$

2,300

Total Decrease

$

32,762

Total Increase

$

26,775

Deduct Increase......

26,775

Net Decrease

5,987

Special Expenditure.

Typewriters Furniture

$

260 1,000

Total Increase

...$

1,260

t

Increase.

53

B.-PUBLIC WORKS, RECURRENT.

Hongkong.

1 Maintenance of Buildings

$

3,900

6 Maintenance of Roads and Bridges

outside City

3,000

10 Gas Lighting: City, Suburbs, and

Hill District...

12,000

11 Electric Lighting: City, Hill Dis-

trict, and Shaukiwan,

500

19 Water Works: Maintenance of

City and Hill District

60,000

21 Water Works: Maintenance of

Aberdeen

600

Kowloon.

29 Gas Lighting

3,500

800

30 Electric Lighting...

New Territories.

39 Maintenance of Roads and Bridges

34 Electric Lighting, Sham Shui Po

45 Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages

Total Increase

4,000

500

4,500

93,300

C-PUBLIC WORKS, EXTRAORDINARY.

Total Increase

...$ 924,650

Decrease.

Increase.

Total 1918

Total 1919

54

CLASS VII.

UNDERTAKINGS OF GOVERNMENT.

Total Decrease

1.-Post Office.

866,074

7:13%

769,737

5.24 %

96,337

Decrease.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

1,308

Higher Exchange

4,366

New Posts

3,661

Reduction on New Appointments

983

Increase of Salary

240

Abolition of Posts

2,987

Allowances for Extra Work

86

Good Conduct Allowances

17

Good Conduct Allowances

207

Allowances for Extra Work

553

Seaman : Allowance for qualifying

as Coxswain

24

$

5,526

8,906

Other Charges.

Carriage of Mails :-

Share of Mail Subsidy, (£10,073).. $

33,577

Transit Charges

70,000

Launch

Stores...

125

Stamps

500

$ 104,202

Total Increase

...$ 5,526

Total Decrease Deduct Increase.....

$113,108 5,526

Net Decrease

$ 107.582

2. Kowloon-Canton Railway.

Personal Emoluments.

Stipulated Increments

$

1,887

Higher Exchange

2,537

Increase of Salaries ...

795

Reduction on New Appointments

1,436

New Posts

3,451

Abolition of Posts

108

...

Extra Pay for Men on Duty on

House Allowances

24

Chinese New Year Day...

30

Good Conduct Allowances

48

Good Conduct Allowances

5

Special Allowances

180

$5

6,348

4,153

Increase.

55

2.--Kowloon-Canton Railway,--Continued.

Personal Emoluments.

Decrease.

Carried forward......

$$

6,348

Carried forward...

4,153

Other Charges.

General Charges:

General Charges:---

Store

Coal for Heating Apparatus for

Electric Fans and Light

Advertising

400

$

4

250

Uniform for 1 Indian, and 4 Chinese

Constables...

88

Incidental Expenses, Offices

100

Maintenance of Way, Works, and

Medical Stores

...

100

Stations:

Uniform for 5 Store Watchmen,

Points and Crossings

150

1 Office Attendant, and 1 Mes-

Roads and Crossings

300

senger

260

Locomotive, Carriage, and Wagon

Maintenance of Way, Works, and

Expenses :-

Stations:-

Coal

3,000

Ballast

500

Painting Contract, Carriages

50

Bridges and Tunnels

2,200

Running Stores, Engines, Oil

3,750

Fastenings ...

450

Running Stores, Carriages and

Fencing

100

Wagons, Oil

1,450

Maintenance of Signals

50

Traffic Expenses :---

Repairs of Staff Quarters.

1.850

Clothing ...

660

Repairs of Station Buildings

2,118

Hire of Rolling Stock

250

Sleepers

12,000

Fanling Branch Line :-

Stationery

45

Ballast

200

Tools and Plant...

70

Fastenings

150

Uniform for 5 Watchmen.......

Locomotive, Carriage, and Wagon

236

Incidental Expenses, Locomotives,

Carriages, and Wagons

30

Expenses :-

Materials for repairs and re-

newals, Locos

Stores, Locomotives, Carriages and

Wagons

180

2,000

Materials for repairs and re-

newals, Carriages...

Tools and Plant, Maintenance of

Way and Works...

30

700

Materials for repairs and re-

newals, Tools and Plant

50

Power...

500

Running Stores, Engines, Mis-

cellaneous

2,250

Running Stores, Carriages and

Wagons, Miscellaneous...

1,350

Uniform for Drivers, Firemen,

and Pointsmen

100

Uniform for Watchmen

283

Traffic Expenses :-

Electric Fans and Light

100

Maintenance of Telegraphs and

Telephones...

200

Rent of Shumchun Station

338

Uniform for 11 Watchmen

519

Fanling Branch Line :-

Station Building Repairs

20

Uniform for Drivers and Firemen......

50

$ 28,793

Total Increase Deduct Decrease.....

35,141 14,841

Net Increase

$ 20,300

$

10,688

Total Decrease

$ 14,841

Increase.

56

2. Canton-Kowloon Railway,-Continued.

Decrease.

Special Expenditure.

Sub-Inspector's Quarters

.8

1,500

Typewriters

70

Shelters for passengers and goods at

Tools and Plant, Motor Trolley

3,000

Taipo

1.750

Platform Awnings

15,000

Reinforced Concrete Wharf at Kow-

Pointsmen's Huts

1,200

loon Terminus

10,220

Gatemen's Huts

750

Siding at Shatin

6,640

New Fencing

850

1 Set of Loco. Tyres

1,800

New Staff Quarters at Lowu

3,000

Drawing Office Equipment and Test-

Pipe Line at Taipo

6,025

ing Instruments

240

Approach Road to Yaumati

660

Roads and Crossings...

500

Artificial Legs

150

Total Decrease

31,205

Total Increase

.8

22,150

Deduct Increase..

22,150

Net Decrease

9,055

CLASS VIII.

NON-EFFECTIVE AND CHARITABLE SERVICES.

Total 1918

Total 1919

Total Decrease

$1,427,373

1,118,833

1176 %

762%

$308,540

1.-Charge on Account of Public Debt.

Interest on Consolidated Inscribed Stock Issues of 1893 and 1906 and

Crown Agents' Charges

Sinking Fund on above

Total Decrease

$ 173,860

49,524

$223,384

2.-Pensions.

A.--CIVIL.

Higher Exchange on Sterling Pen-

Sterling Pensions granted Dollar Pensions granted ...

$ 4,378.44

Sterling Pensions ceased

6,600.92

Dollar Pensions ceased

Total Increase

$10,979.36

sions

Estimated Amount to cover Pensions

to be granted...

Equalisation of Exchange on Dollar

Pensions ...

Total Decrease

Deduct Increase..

Net Decrease

.$ 2,118.67

6,016.75 3,010.68

67.52

64,395.74

$75,609.36

10,979.36

$64,630.00

Increase.

57

Decrease.

Sterling Pensions granted Dollar Pensions granted

346.67

852.32

B.-POLICE.

Sterling Pensions ceased

Dollars Pensions ceased

Equalisation of Exchange on Dollar

21.34

Higher Exchange on Sterling

Pensions...

1,327.37

873.20

Pensions ...

16,694.18

Estimated Amount to cover Pensions

to be granted ...

282.90

Total Decrease

$19,198.99

Total Increase

$ 1,198.99

Deduct Increase..

1,198.99

Net Decrease

$18,000.00

Sterling Pensions granted

Dollar Pensions granted

Estimated amount to cover pensions

to be granted, and Refunds ...

Total Increase

C.-WIDOWS AND ORPHANS'.

$ 1,724.36

1,295.40

495.45

$3,515.21

Higher Exchange on Sterling Pensions $2,930.65 Dollar Pensions ceased

470.96

Equalisation of Exchange on Dollar

Pensions ...

3,113.60

Total Decrease

Deduct Increase

Net Decrease

$ 6,515.21 3,515.21

$ 3,000.00

3.-Charitable Services.

Charitable Allowance to:

Charitable Allowances to :-

Tsoi Hin Ki

28

Collis, Mrs. Julia, at Sydney,

Charitable Pensions to:-

(£42)

45

Clarke, Mrs. Alice Goddard,

(£76. 9s. 7d.)

Dowling, John, at Sydney,

510

(£48)

148

O'Sullivan, Mrs. Honora Aherne,

Evans, Kathleen, (£36)

120

(£42. 12s. Od.)

284

Grants in aid of Charitable

Institutions:—-

Strangers' Home for Asiatics,

(£10. 10s.)

35

Total Increase

822

Deduct Decrease.......

348

Total Decrease

348

Net Increase

$

474

Increase.

58

RECAPITULATION.

Total Estimate for 1918 ...

Total Estimate for 1919 ...

Total Increase

$12,140,475

14,677,896

$ 2,537,421

Decrease.

Personal Emoluments :-

Stipulated Increments Increase of Salaries New Posts Allowances

· Other Charges

Special Expenditure

Personal Emoluments

20,286.00

11.051.00

71,015.00

9,732.00

Allowances.

145,011.00

Other Charges

124,647.00

Miscellaneous Services

1,315,823.00

Higher Exchange

Reduction on New Appointments

Abolition of Posts

Special Expenditure

Miscellaneous Services

$ 80,542.00

20.280.00 43,696.00

1,666.00

156,319.00

40,005.00

51,416.00

Military Contribution

524,370.00

Charge on account of Public Debt

223,384.00

Public Works, Recurrent

93,300.00

Public Works, Extraordinary

924,650.00

Pensions ...

15,693.56

Pensions ...

Charitable Services

822.00

Charitable Services

101,323.56 348.00

Total Increase

Deduct Decrease

Net Increase

$3,256,400.56 718,979.56

$2,537,421.00

Total Decrease

...$ 718,979.56

59

No.

9 1918

HONGKONG.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH THE ESTIMATES FOR 1919.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government, 3rd October, 1918.

Statement of Assets and Liabilities on the 31st December, 1917.

LIABILITIES.

C.

ASSETS.

c.

Deposits not Available,

...

890,283.91

Subsidiary Coins,...

1,345,884.11

Advances,

Imprest.....

580.615,36

189.55

Postal Agencies,

7,909.65

House Service Account,

1,961.94

Crown Agents' Deposit Account,

953,239.44

Unallocated Stores, (P.W.D.),

129,360.85

Unallocated Stores, (Railway),

155,182.10

Coal Account,

372,079,35

Investment Account,

120,000.00.

Total Liabilities,

898,193.56

Suspense Account,

Balance, Bank,

Balance,.........

3,268,061.82

Crown Agents' Current Account,.

Total,............$ 4,166,255.38

Total,..

217.83

493,446.17 13,778.68

$ 4,166,255.38

[P.T.O.]

Dr.

60

ASSETS AND LIABILITIES ON 31ST DECEMBER, 1917, AND 31st DECEMBER, 1918,

(ESTIMATED).

1917.

Revenue,.

Expenditure,

$ 15,058,104.71 14,090,828.09

Surplus, .....

Balance of Assets, (1916),

967,276.62 2,300,785.20

Revenue, Expenditure,

Surplus,...... $ 1,327,150.00 3,268,062.00

Balance of Assets, (1917),

1918.

.$17,079,640.00

15,752,490.00

Balance of Assets, (1917),

3,268,061.82

Balance of Assets, (1918), $ 4,595,212.00

War Loan Stock Issue

LOAN ACCOUNT.

1917.

1918.

Cr.

1917.

1918 (Estimated).

of 1916 at 6%. terest to be paid off on the 1st Decem- ber, 1928,

In-

$3,000,000

$3,000,000

Sinking Fund, . $200,000

$412,000

Inscribed Stock Issues

of 1893 and 1906 at

31%. Interest to be

paid off on the 15th April, 1943,

£1,485,732. 16. 5 £1,485,732. 16. 5 Sinking Fund,. £258,162. 3. 8 £283,378. 16. 10

HONGKONG, 28th September, 1918.

A. M. THOмSon,

Treasurer.

1

33

No. 1918

5

HONGKONG.

GENERAL MILITARY SERVICE.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor, 30th May, 1918.

Telegram from the Governor of Hongkong to the Secretary of State for the Colonies, dated 20th April, 1918.

Your telegram of 10th July, 1917, the Committee of the Hongkong General Cham- ber of Commerce have expressed unanimously the opinion in which I concur that com- pulsory Military Service beyond the Colony should now be imposed, essential economic trades being protected and a tribunal representative of all classes of the Commercial Community and with substantial commercial majority being appointed to adjudicate. I shall be glad to learn whether His Majesty's Government are now prepared to include Hongkong and to receive instructions as to the legal means by which compulsion is to be applied. I would recommend age limit not exceeding 45 years, discretion in Governor to define the racial application of the law and a small tribunal on lines of the Military Service Commission with an appeal from its decisions by individuals concerned, employ- ers, or the Military Authorities to the Governor in Council. The Civil Service in my opinion should be included in the compulsion but the decisions in its case should rest solely with the Governor. The Executive Council unanimously concur in my recommen- dation.

MAY.

age

Telegram from the Secretary of State for the Colonies to the Governor of Hongkong, dated 20th May, 1918.

My telegram 8th May proposals in your telegram 20th April generally approved limit should not exceed forty years. For the present at any rate only men belong- ing to pure European descent should be attested. War Office consider that in view of probable small number, men should go to India for training where they will be attached to Sixth Training Battalion, Kirkee, with a view to being ultimately drafted to 1/6th Battalion Hampshire Regiment where they will serve together in the same company as far as possible. Men should be fit for general military service. As to legal means, follow- ing is extract from Jamaica Law, line of which may be followed. Every man whose name appears on any such list so signed by the Governor shall after such publication of such list as the Governor shall direct and within such time as the Governor shall ap- point, by notice to be published in the Jamaica Gazette, report himself for military service at such place and to such person as the Governor shall, in such notice or some other notice, appoint, and from and after such report and until his discharge such man shall be subject to Army Act as if he were part of His Majesty's Regular Forces :--

(a) while in Jamaica before and after serving as hereinafter mentioned: (b) while on the way from Jamaica for purpose of serving with the Imperial

Forces outside Jamaica:

(c) while serving with the Imperial Forces outside Jamaica :

(d) while on the way back to Jamaica after so serving.

Copies of Law sent to you 30th April 104.

LONG.

HONGKONG

TO WIT.

1

HONGKONG.

JURORS LIST FOR 1918.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor, 23rd May, 1918.

I. SPECIAL JURORS.

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ABODE.

No. 1

1918

Adams, Francis Robert John .. Civil Engineer, Little, Adams & Wood,

Adamson, William .................

Arculli, Abdoolla Fuckeera Arthur, Thomas ..........

Bailey, William Seybourne Barlow, Arthur Howard Barton, George Winstanley Beattie, Andrew.. *Bell, William Henry

Bennett, Harold Sydney

Bird, Herbert William *Brown, William Samuel

Butcher, Frederick Charles Campbell, Hugh Frank *Champkin, Cyril....

Chapman. Edward Jolin Chau Sui-ki................ Chinchen, Sydney John...... Clark, Duncan... Compton, Albert Henry Coppin, Alan Griffiths

Cousland, Alexander Stark

Dalglish........

Curry, George Percy David, Archibald

Denison, Albert .................. Dobie, John Somerville.. Dodwell, Stanley Hudson... Douglas, James Tory Dowley, Walter Arthur.. Downing, Thomas Charles Dyer, Robert Morton.... Ede, Charles Montague...

Edkins, George Thomas Money Ellis, Oswald Isang Evans, Frederick William

Stewart

Forbes, Andrew

Fuller, Denmau

Graham, Frauk

Graham, James William Griffin, Albert Edwin Grimble, Charles Frederick

George Gubbay, Aaron Sassoon Gubbay, Charles Sassoon

Merchant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Army Contractor and Merchant, Marine Surveyor, Goddard and Douglas, . Managing Director, W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld., Sub-Manager, HK. & S'hai Bank, Merchant, Douglas, Lapraik & Co., Merchant, W. R. Loxley & Co., Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Manager, China & Japan Telephone &

Electric Co., Ld.,

Peak Hotel. Inverugie, Peak Road. 16 Kennedy Road. 10 The Peak.

5 Kowloon City Road. Queen's Road Central.

20 Des Vœux Road Central. 131 The Peak.

...

68 The Peak,

Architect, Palmer & Turner, Secretary, HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld., Managing Director, Bradley & Co., Ld.,.. Assistant Manager, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Manager, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld., Partner, Linstead & Davis,...... Manager, Chun On Fire Iuce. Co., Ld., Manager, North China Ince. Co., Ld., Storekeeper, Laue, Crawford & Co., Manager, D. Sassoon & Co., Ld.,................ Manager, Hongkong & South China Nestlé & Anglo-Swiss Milk Co.,

Merchant, Alex. Ross & Co., Secretary, Gas Co.,

Director, S. J. David & Co., Ld.,

Civil Engineer, Denison, Ram & Gibbs,. Stock Broker, Vernon & Smyth, Director, Dodwell & Co., Ld.,

Marine Surveyor, Goddard & Douglas, Exchange Broker,

Manager, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Chief Manager, Dock Co.,

Secretary, Union Ince. Socty. of Canton,

Ld.,

Chief Manager, Butterfield & Swire, Manager, S. J. David & Co., Ld.,

Manager, Caldbeck, Macgregor & Co., Merchant, Harry Wicking & Co., Organist, etc.,

Manager, HK. Electric Co., Ld.,. Works Manager, Dock Co.,............ Civil Engineer, Leigh & Orange,

Ship Broker, 1 Prince's Building, Merchant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld.,...... Merchant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld.,.

On premises. 12A The Peak. Hongkong Club. Prince's Building.

4 Mountain View, The Peak. Ebordale, 44 The Peak. Alexandra Building. 2-8 Queen's Road West. Alexandra Building. On premises.

Des Voeux Road Central.

81 The Peak.

97 The Peak,

Rockvale, Kimberley Road, Kowloon. Hongkong Club.

137 The Peak.

4 Des Voeux Road Central. Queen's Building..

Peak Hotel.

Hongkong Hotel.

¦ Charter House, Peak Road.

Kowloon.

Queen's Building. 112 The Peak. 6 Peak Road,

139 The Peak. Kingsclere.

Hongkong Hotel.

Dunottar, 81 The Peak. Kowloon Docks.

1 Des Voeux Road.

Hongkong Club.

10 Macdonnell Road. 10 Macdonnell Road.

Exempted under the provisions of the Jury Ordinances, 1887 to 1917, until ceasing to be qualified for exemption under the said Ordinances.

NAME IN FULL.

.

2

SPECIAL JURORS,—Continued.

OCCUPATION.

ABODE.

"

*Hancock, Herbert Richard

Budd

Broker, Benjamin & Potts,

Hay, Charles Herbert Philpott Assistant General Manager, Union Ince.

Ho Kam-tong

Hogg, George.....

Hooper, Augustus Shelton

*Hughes, John Owen Humphreys, Henry *Humphreys, William Meyrick

Jack, William Charles

Jonckheer, Philippus Hend-

rikus Jacobus Gerard.. Keigwin, Archer Dave Kotewall, Robert Hormus. Kraft, William Dana *Lammert, George Philip

Lammert, Herbert Alexander. Lang, Archibald Orr................... Leask, William Laughton.... *Leefe, Lawrence Nöel

Little, Alexander Colborne Logan, William

Lowe, Arthur Rylands

*Macdonald, Donald

Mackenzie, Alexander Maitland, Francis

Michael, Joseph Rahamin Moss, Dennis Kebir *Moxon, Geoffrey Charles

Newall, Stuart George Nicholson, William Northcote, Mowbray Stafford. Nuttall, Geoffrey Kendal Ormiston, Evan

Parr, Edward Victor David Pattenden, Walter Leslie Pearce, Thomas Ernest.... Plummer, John Archibald.. Potts, George Hutton Ram, Edward Albert... Rees, Jacques François van Rodgers, Robert

Sassoon, Moses Silas

*Scott, William Murray

Shewan, Robert Gordon..... Silva-Netto, Antonio Pereira

Batalha Sinclair, Walter

Skelton, Alfred Holland *Smith, George Morton

Smyth, Frank............. *Sutherland, Robert *Templeton, David

Tester, Percy

Thomson, Ross

Tisdall, Gerald Arthur Walker, William Bradley Wallace, James Hislop

Watson, Nowell Lake

White, Henry Percy Williams, Ernest Alfred

Mountfort

Young, George Macdonald

Socty. of Canton, Ld.,

Assistant Compradore, Jardine, Matheson

& Co., Ld.,

Manager, International Banking Corpora-

tion,

Secretary, HK. Land Investment and

Agency Co., Ld.,

Merchant, Harry Wicking & Co., Partner, J. D. Humphreys & Son, Merchant, W. G. Humphreys & Co.,

Consulting Engineer, General Manager,

W. C. Jack & Co., Ld.,....................

Manager, Java-China-Japan Lijn, Resident Engineer, Holt's Wharf, Manager, HK. Mercantile Co., Ld.,. Attorney, Standard Oil Co., Broker,

Auctioneer,

Merchant, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Civil Engineer, Leigh & Orange,

Cheltondale, 100 The Peak.

Queen's Building.

Caine Road.

78 The Peak,

Hongkong Hotel. 111 The Peak.

1 Tregunter Mansions.

1 Stewart Terrace, Gough Hill Road,

The Peak.

14 Des Voeux Road.

York Building.

5 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. Queen's Road Central.

20 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. Des Voeux Road Central. 5 The Peak.

St. George's Building. Prince's Building.

Underwriter, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., 110 The Peak. Architect,

Broker, Logan & Basto,

Chartered Accountant, Lowe, Bingham &

Matthews,

Principal, Macdonald & Co.,

Manager, Arthur & Co.,

Partner, Linstead & Davis, Merchant,

Merchant, Alex. Ross & Co.,

Stock Broker, Moxon & Taylor,... Manager, South British Ince. Co., Ld., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

Hongkong Hotel.

10 Ice House Street.

Kellet Lodge, The Peak.

Hongkong Hotel.

154 The Peak.

Hongkong Hotel.

Century Crescent, 4 Kennedy Road.

Tregunter Mansions, May Road. The Peak.

129A The Peak.

111 The Peak.

On premises.

8 The Peak.

Des Voeux Road Central.

Secretary, HK. Land Reclamation Co., Ld., 5 Bowen Road. Sub-Manager, Butterfield & Swire, Bill & Bullion Broker, Stewart Bros., Superintendent, P. & O. S. N, Co., Merchant, Gilman & Co.......... Merchant, J. D. Hutchison & Co., Director, Bradley & Co., Ld., Broker,

Architect, Denison, Ram & Gibbs,.. Agent, Netherlands Trading Society Manager, Russo-Asiatic Bank, Exchange Broker,....

Manager, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Merchant, Shewan, Tomes & Co.,

Merchant, Silva-Netto & Co., .... Assistant Manager, Reiss & Co., Storekeeper, Lane, Crawford & Co., Sub-Manager, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Broker, Vernon & Smyth, Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Sub-Manager, Taikoo Sugar Refinery,. Share Broker, Wright & Hornby,. Chief Manager, Butterfield & Swire, Manager, Russo-Asiatic Bank, General Manager, Standard Oil Co., General Agent, Canadian Pacific Ocean

Services, Ld.,

General Manager, Asiatic Petroleum Co.,

Ld.,

Merchant, Douglas, Lapraik & Co.,

Incorporated Accountant, Lowe, Bingham

& Matthews,

Sub-Manager, Butterfield & Swire,

8A Des Vœux Road.

106 The Peak,

Prince's Building.

12 The Peak.

Cottage, Barker Road, The Peak, On premises.

Quarndon, The Peak.

10 Ice House Street. 53 The Peak. Inverugie, The Peak.

63 Robinson Road. Queen's Building. On premises. On premises.

4 Des Voeux Road Central. 129 The Peak.

Cornhill, Quarry Bay. 100 The Peak. 112 The Peak. Quarndon, The Peak. Altadena, The Peak.

Eggesford, 124 The Peak.

134 The Peak.

20 Des Voeux Road Central.

10 Stewart Terrace, The Peak. 75 The Peak.

NAME IN FULL.

3

II.-COMMON JURORS.

OCCUPATION.

ABODE.

A

Abbas, Abdul Hamid

Librarian, Hongkong Club,...........

137 Queen's Road East.

Abbas, Abdule Rahim

Abbas, Mahomed Hoosain.

Clerk, HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld., | 4 Morrison Hill Road. Assistant, British-American

Co., L..

Assistant,

British-Amerian

Co., Ld.,

Tobacco

102 Praya East, 3rd floor.

Tobacco

6 Bowrington Canal East. 34 Queen's Road Central.

Abbas, Yakub

Abdoolrahim, Abdoolhoosen... Architect, Abney, Evelyn Edward de

Wivelslie.......

Abraham, Albert

*Abraham, Ezra

Abraham, Reuben Agabeg, Filomeno José.. Ainslie, Ernest James Aitchison, Alexander.... Aitken, Robert

Aitken, Samuel Robert

Alison, David Albert Goldhill Allan, John Niven Rodger Allen, Henry Alexander Allen, James Francis Allgood, Henry Patrick..... Almeida, Antonio Amadeo Almeida, Apolinario Antonio d'

Almeida, José Candido d’ Almeida, J. M. d' Alonço, Leão Francisco da

Silva

Alves, Alberto Eduardo

de Selavisa....

Alves, Alvaro Alvares Alves, Antonio Louis Alves, Arthur Alvaro Alves, Carlos Martinho Selavisa Alves, Egas Luiz de Selavisa Alves, José Miguel Amery, Samuel Chant Paddon Andel, Alexander Willem van Anderson, John Edgar Anderson, John Fraser

Anderson, Peter

Anderson, William..

Antonio, Ernesto

Aquino, Eneas Goulart d'.

*Archbutt, Geoffrey Samuel ...

Arculli, Abdul Kader el...... Arculli, Ebrahim el Arculli, Osman el *Armstrong, John Henry Wil-

liam

Arnold, Edwin Lester Gilbert.

Arnold, John

Arnott, Thomas

Atkinson, Clarke

*Austin, David ............

Austin, Noel John Austin, Reginald Mein. Azedo, José Diaz Azevedo, Alexandre

Antonio d'

Azevedo, Victor Felix d'

Chief Clerk, Thos. Cook & Son,... Chief Clerk, Gas Co., Assistant, Logan & Basto, ...

Asst., British-American Tobacco Co., Ld., Assistant, Holland-China Trading Co.,... Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,.... Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Wharf Manager, Holt's Wharf, | Timekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard,

Draughtsman, Dock Co.,.. Clerk, Hongkong Hotel, Storekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, Wharfinger, Holt's Wharf, Clerk, HK. Tramway Co., Ld., Assistant, Fumigating & Disinfecting

Bureau, L.,

Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Clerk, Banque de l'Indo-Chine,

Clerk, HK. Rope Factory,

Des Voeux Road Central.

2 Clarence Terrace. 10 Ice House Street.

| 8 Torres Buildings, Kowloon.

22 Staunton Street. Chater Road. Quarry Bay.

Quarry Bay.

Knutsford Hotel, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

Kowloon Docks.

16 Morrison Hill Road, top floor. Quarry Bay.

Holt's Wharf, Kowloon, 6 Chancery Lane.

2 Caine Road.

Queen's Building.

11 Humphreys Avenue.

33 Sau Wa Fong.

Clerk, Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., . On premises. Assistant, Soares & Co.,

Merchant, 5 Queen's Road Central, Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Assistant, Soares & Co.,

Asst., British-American Tobacco Co., Ld., Partner, J. M. Alves & Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Manager, Holland-China Trading Co., Assistant, Anderson Music Co., Ld., Supt. of Works, Gordon & Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Managing Director, Anderson Music Co.,

Ld.,

Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India,

Assistant, Netherlands-India Commercial

Bank,

Scarteen, 11 Macdonnell Road. 8 Macdonnell Road. Queen's Building.

3 Broadwood Terrace. 10 Mosque Terrace.

9 Nathan Road, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

27 Belilios Terrace.

14 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon.

2 Broadwood Terrace. Quarry Bay.

19 Broadwood Road. 2 College Garden.

Des Voeux Road Central.

Asst., Union Ince. Socty, of Canton, Ld., Queen's Building. Commission Agent, Arculli Bros.,

Assistant, Arculli Bros.,

16 Kennedy Road. 15A Kennedy Road.

Merchant, Army Contractor, Arculli Bros., 35 Wongneichong Road.

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Local Manager, Commercial Union Assce.

Co., Ltd.,

Acting Secretary, HK., C. & M. Steamboat

Co., Ld.,

94 The Peak.

Queen's Building.

10 Tregunter Mansions, May Road.

Engineer, Green Island Cement Co., Ld., | 10 Chatham Road, Kowloon.

Shipwright, Dock Co.,

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Accountant, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. Assistant, Dock Co.,

Clerk, Netherlands Trading Society, Clerk, Canadian Pacific Ocean Services,Ld.,

Kowloon Docks. Quarry Bay. On premises. East Point Mess. Kowloon Docks.

Queen's Road Central. 12 Belilios Terrace.

1

NAME IN FULL.

4

OCCUPATION.

ABODE.

B

Backhouse, James Herbert.

Baker,

James

Baker, Samuel

Baker, William George Balean, Alan

*Bannerman, George Henry

Maclean

Baptista, Arthur Feliciano Baptista, Augusto Antonio Baptista, Cezar Octaviano........ Baptista, Duarte Cezario Baptista, Joaquim . Baptista, Manuel

Baptista, Marciano Francisco Baptista, Oscar ....

Baptista, Rodolfo Deogenes Barker, William

Barma, Saleh bhoy Tyebjee

Barr, John Hunter.... Barradas, Arthur Oscar.. Barradas, Fernando Augusto... Barradas, José Augusto.... Barradas, Myriel Francisco

d'Assis.....

Barretto, Alberto Demée Barretto, Frederico Francisco. Barretto, José Conde......

Barretto, Octavio Demée

Barros, Antão Vasques. Barros, Horacio Frederico.. Barros, J...

Barton, Lancelot Alexander Barton, Roderick Thorold.... *Bassford, William Faulkner

Basto, Bernardino Batalla, José Xavier Bateman, Thomas

Bayani, Pablo...... *Beard, John Eric Wolston

Beaurepaire, Herbert Nicholas Beck, Ernest

Bell, William Denny Beltrão, Manuel Roza *Bentley, John Berg, Sverre

Bernard, Dallas Gerald Mercer Best, Henry Cadogan.....

*Beswick, Charles Williamson.

Bevington, Francis..... Biggar, David McDonald ... Bird, Cecil Bewley.........

Bird, George

*Blackburn, Leslie James *Blair, David Kaey

Blair, George *Blason, Charles Henry

Bleeker, Johannes Jacob

*Bliss, Arthur William

Bois, Adrein Lambelat du.. *Bolton, Andrew *Bond, Charles *Bond, Charles P.

Bootes, Arthur Nicholas

Merchant, Manners & Backhouse, Ld., Foreman, China Sugar Refining Co., Ld.,. Chief Engineer, China Sugar Refining

Co., Lan,

Assistant Engineer, Holt's Wharf, Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,

Assistant Engineer, Electric Co., Ld., Clerk, Electric Light Co., Ld.,

Asst., Netherlands-IndiaCommercial Bank, Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,........................ Assistant, W. G. Humphreys & Co., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Assistant, S. C. Ismail & Co.,................ Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Mercantile Assistant, Gibb, Livingston &

Co..

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,. Hotel Manager, Grand Hotel,

Civil Engineer, A. Abdoolrahim, Archi-

tect,

Foreman, Gas Co.,

Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank,

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld.,

Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co.,. Assistant, Union Trading Co., Assistant, Reiss & Co.. Assistant, Bradley & Co., Ld., Assistant, W. G. Humphreys, & Co.,

Freight Clerk, Pacific Mail S.S. Co.,.............. Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Sugar Boiler, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Broker, Logan & Basto,

Assistant, W. G. Humphreys & Co., Timekeeper, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Gateman, Dock Co.,

Assistaut, W. R. Loxley & Co., Sub-Manager, Hongkong Hotel... Timekeeper, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Clerk, Messageries Maritimes, Agent, Thos. Cook & Son, Assistant, Thoresen & Co., Merchant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Mechanical Engineer, W. G. Hum-

phreys & Co.,

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Secretary, Bradley & Co., Ld., General Agent, American Express Co.,... Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.,

Watchman, Taikoo Dockyard, Engineer, Gas Co.,

Accountant Lowe, Bingham & Matthews,. Manager, G. Martini, Ld.,

Chartered Accountant, Butterfield &

Swire,

Acting Manager, Netherlands-India Com-

mercial Bank, Assistant, Dock Co.,..............

Accountant, Russo-Asiatic Bank, Engineer, Dock Co.,

Manager, Gande, Price & Co.,.... Assistant, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co.,

5 Queen's Road Central. 16 Morrison Hill Road,

East Point.

Station Hotel, Kowloon. On premises.

King Edward Hotel. 25 Caine Road. Des Voeux Road Central. Ou premises.

51 Elgin Street. | 51 Elgin Street. 53 Elgin Street. 25 Caine Road.

St. George's Building. On premises.

Queen's Road Central.

Fulmer, Hart Avenue, Kowloon. Gas Works, Hongkong. On premises.

6 Upper Mosque Terrace. Queen's Building.

Queen's Building. Queen's Building. 21 Belilios Terrace. Queen's Building.

33 Granville Road, Kowloon. Prince's Building.

3 Punjab Buildings, Kowloon. Club Lusitano.

1 Connaught Road Central. On premises.

Quarry Bay.

10 Ice House Street.

43 Wyndham Street. Quarry Bay.

Kowloon Docks.

4 Kimberly Villas, Kowloon. Hongkong Hotel.

Quarry Bay.

Quarry Bay.

8 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon. Des Voeux Road Central. ̧

56 The Peak.

East Point.

No. 1 North View, Shaukiwan Road. East Point. Prince's Building. Hongkong Hotel.

Queen's Building. Quarry Bay.

Gas Works, Kowloon. Peak Hotel.

2 Saifee Terrace, Kowloon.

140 The Peak.

Des Voeux Road Central. Kowloon Docks.

22 New Humphreys Buildings. Kowloon Docks.

6 Queen's Road Central, Quarry Bay.

On premises.

>

NAME IN FULL.

5

OCCUPATION.

ABODE.

B-Continued.

Borges, José Antonio.......

Borthwick, John Botelho, Alvaro Alberto Botelho, Angusto Cezar

Botelho, Braz Joaquim Heitor Botelho, Esdras Homero Botelho, Julio Cecilio de Souza

Botelho, Noe Ulysses Botelho, Pedro Vicente Heitor..

Bothwell, Edward Forbes...... Bouët, Ami Louis Boulton, Sydney Boyce, Robert Perry *Bradbury, Bertram Walter

Braga, Frederick Joseph Braun, Theodore

Breton, Leonard Le

Brewer, Noel Instone

Bridger, Herbert Ben

Bridger, Richard Leslie. Brister, John Henry Bristow, Richard Woodhouse... Britto, José Maria ..... Britto, Vicente Ferrer Medi-

na de

Broachá, P.....................

Brooke, Charles Albert Ban-

nerman..

Browell, William Gregsou...... Brown, Alexander Forsyth

Brown, Charles Bernard Brown, Charles William Brown, George Ernest Brown, Neilage Sharp *Brown, William *Brown, Wilson Bruyant, A.....

*Bryson, Andrew Birrel

Buchan, Robert Buck, Joseph *Budge, William

Bullen, Joseph Albert Bunje, Emil Theodore

Hieronymus

Bunje, Henry Ferdinand Burn, Andrew........ Burns, Ninian.

Bursley, Allan John

Butler, Philip Randal Butterfield, William Arthur Bux, Noor Mahomed...

c

Caffyn, Joseph Sylvest........ Cameron, Duncan Haywood Campos, Henrique Maria Cappleman, Daniel Edwin... Carmichael, Alexander Carr, John

Carroll, Anthony Henry

Clerk, China Provident Loan & Mortgage

Co., Ltd.,

Assistant, Fitting Dept., Gas Co.,

Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Assistant, Fumigating and Disinfecting

Bureau, L.,

Merchant, Botelho Bros.,..

Clerk, International Banking Corporation, Assistant, British-American Tobacco Co.,

Ld.,

Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,.... Merchant, Botelho Bros.,

Architect, Palmer & Turner, Merchant, Vulcan Steel Products Co., Clerk of Works, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant Cashier, American Express Co., Butcher, Dairy Farm Co., Ld.,

Accountant, Carroll Bros.,

23 Belilios Terrace. Gas Works, Hongkong.

1 Saifee Terrace, Kowloon.

2 Caine Road.

3 Ormsby Villas, Kowloon. 6 Chancery Lane.

45 Wyndham Street.

6 Chancery Lane.

4 Ormsby Villas, Granville Road,

Kowloon.

Alexandra Building. Queen's Building. Quarry Bay.

St. George's House.

5 East Block, Military Married

Quarters.

47 Conduit Road.

52 Nathan Road, Kowloon. 4 Mount Austin,

Foreman, China Sugar Refining Co., Ld., East Point. Salesman, Alex. Ross & Co., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant Manager, Electric Co., Ld., Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Assistant, Reiss & Co., Storekeeper, Gordon & Co.,................. Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld.,

Office Assistant, Dock Co.,. Assistant, Wiseman Ld,

Manager, Pentreath & Co., Chief Ship Draughtsman, Dock Co., Sugar Boiler, China Sugar Refining Co.,

Ld.,

Assistant, Linstead & Davis,

Assistant Manager, Taikoo Dockyard, Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard, Joiner, Dock Co.,

Mercantile Assistant, Shewan, Tomes &

Co.,

Merchant, Banker & Co.,

General Agent, American Express Co.,... Piano Tuner, Robinson Piano Co., Ld., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Clerk, Ice Co.,

Merchant, H. M. H. Nemazee, Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Wharfinger, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, ...... Sub-Accountant, International Banking

Corporation,

Assistant, Asiatic l'etroleum Co., Ld.,.... Assistant, Gibb, Livingston & Co., Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Printers' Overseer, Kelly & Walsh, Ld.,

Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Attorney, Standard Oil Co.,......................... Clerk, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,......................... Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant Engineer, Electric Light Co.,

Ld., Broker, Carroll Bros.,

5 Tregunter Mansions. On premises. Queen's Building.

2 Broadwood Terrace. Queen's Building.

Kowloon Docks. Wiseman's Bakery.

Alexandra Building. Kowloon Docks.

11 Praya East. 52 The Peak. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay. 76 The Peak. Quarry Bay. Kowloon Docks.

St. George's Building.

6 Victoria View, Kowloon. Kingsclere, Kennedy Road. 2 Jordan Road, Kowloon. King Edward Hotel. 11 Ice House Street.

Prince's Building.

4 Victoria View, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

Hongkong Hotel. 17 Shelley Street. St. George's Building. 5 The Peak. .124 Wanchai Road.

On premises. 18 Peak Road. 5 Mosque Street. Kingsclere. Quarry Bay.

7 Leighton Hill Road.

4 Lyemun Villas, Kowloon.

NAME IM FULL.

6

OCCUPATION.

ABODE.

C-Continued.

Carroll, William Joseph Carter, Albert James....

Carvalho, Carlos Francisco de Carvalho, Duarte Euterio de... Carvalho, Guilherme Augusto Carvalho, Gustavo Adolpho Carvalho, Octavio Arthur de *Cassidy, Philip Stanley.........] Castilho, Alexandre Bernado. Castro, Antonio Piu Castro, Bonifacio Maria.. Castro, Carlos Maria .... Castro, Egydio Maria Hen-

rickson.....

Castro, Joaquim Telles

d'Almada e

Castro, José Francisco Castro, José Maria d'Almada Chan, James Robert Chan Pat

Chapman, James Brand... Chassels, Thomas Rae Chaves, Carlos Henrique Chen Kew Chin Lin-fong Chopard, Fritz Albert Chow U-ting

Chunnutt, Oscar Rowan Churn, Samuel Macomber.. Clark. Douglas Edward.. Clark, Frederick William

George

Clark, John Caer Clark, William John Claxton, Archibald Arthur Clayson, Edward Frederick ... Cobb, Philip Hawtyn Coburn, Clarence A. Coelho, Julio Jesus dos Passos Coghill, Alec.

*Coleman, Frederick Charles ... Collaço, Maximiano Antonio... Colson, George. Basil Comrie, Richard Conrad Conant, Harold Abbott Rand. Congdon, John Hopkins Connelly, Thomas Cook, Walter Ernest

*Cooke, Frank Lewis

*Cooper, David Sontar

Cordeiro, Luiz Gonzaga

Cordeiro, Procopio Antonio

Cormack, Benjamin William... Cornell, William Arthur Corveth, Ignacio Pereira Cossart, Louis Auguste Costa, Antonio Fidelis da

Costa, Isidoro Maria da Costa, José Souza da

Costello, George Edward

Course, Arthur

Courtney, George Leonzo ......

Cousins, Ralph Hutchison Crapnell, Albert Edward. Crapnell, Frederick Harry *Crawford, Frank Malcolm Lane

Broker,

Accountant, British-American Tobacco,

Co., Ld.,

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank..... Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co.,

49 Conduit Road.

Peak Hotel.

On premises.

37 Granville Road, Kowloon.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., 10 Austin Avenue, Kowloon, Assistant, Reiss & Co.,

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,. Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,................... Assistant, Dock Co.,

Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Clerk, Yokohama Specie Bank, Ld., Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co.,

Clerk, HK. Rope Factory,

Clerk, International Banking Corporation, Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Assistant, Reiss & Co.,

Assistant, Java-China-Japan Lijn,.. Assistant, China Fire Insurance Co., Ld., Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Clerk, Messageries Maritimes, Secretary, Bank of Canton, Ld., Compradore, Robert Dollar Co., Hotel Proprietor, Astor House Hotel, Assistant, Mow Fung & Co., Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co., Merchant, Union Trading Co., Partner, J. D. Humphreys & Son,

Engineer, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Architect,

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Manufacturers' Representative, Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Stock Broker, Moxon & Taylor,....... Engineer, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Assistant, Joseph Bros., Foreman, Holt's Wharf, Electrician, Dock Co., Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Station Supdt., HK. Electric Co., Ld., Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Assistant, Standard Oil Co., General Manager, Vacuum Oil Co., Assistant, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Dock Co.,

Clerk, China Light & Power Co., Ld. Draughtsman, Dock Co

...

Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Clerk, Palmer & Turner, Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Architect, Palmer & Turner, Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Clerk, Liverpool & London & Globe

Insurance Co.,

Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.,

Assistant, Candadian Pacific Ocean Ser-

vices, Ld.,

Traffic Supt., HK. Tramway Co., Assistant, Canadian Pacific Ocean Ser-

vices, Ld.,

Asst.-Manager, Taikoo Dockyard, Book-keeper, Moxon & Taylor, ... Assistant, HK: & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld., Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co.,

17 Belilios Terrace. On premises.

On premises. Kowloon Docks. 17 Robinson Road. On premises. On premises.

17 Robinson Road.

1 Lyemoon Villas, Kowloon. 12 Belilios Terrace.

1 Lyemoon Villas, Kowloon. York Building.

1 Mosque Terrace. Quarry Bay.

171 The Peak.

60 Catchick Street.

Des Voeux Road Central,

I Wing Kut Street.

On premises.

89 High Street.

8 Middle Row, Kowloon. Queen's Building.

7 Tregunter Mansions.

Station Hotel, Kowloon.

7 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

4 Des Vœux Road Central. 20 Wellington Street. Kowloon.

13 Hankow Road, Kowloon, 6 Des Voeux Road Central. Station Hotel, Kowloon. Kowloon Docks.

17A Queen's Road Central, Telsa Mess, Wanchai.

Queen's Garden.

4 Queen's Garden.

Payoda Bungalow, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

Kowloon Docks.

i Morrison Hill. Kowloon Docks. On premises. 8 Sau Wa Fong. On premises. Hongkong Club. On premises.

9 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon.

12 Granville Road, Kowloon. 27 Cameron Road, Kowloon.

Queen's Building.

2 Torres Buildings, Kowloon. Belvidere, Happy Valley.

2 Torres Buildings, Kowloon, Quarry Bay.

The Peak.

13 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. On premises............

J

;

*

>

NAME IN FULL.

7

OCCUPATION.

ABODE.

C—Continued.

*Crawford, William Joseph

Crispin, Charles Cruickshank, J.

**

Cruz, Florencio Maria da Cruz, Guilherme Pedro da Cruz, João Maria Cubey, Edwin Banfield Culhane, Thomas B. ....... Cunha, Bernardino Maria

Cardoso da Curreem, Abdul Curreem, Vahab

Curtis, John Libby

D

Dalziel, James *Danby, James Denison Danenberg, Emilio..... Danenberg, Mario José *Davidson, Alexander.

Davis, Charles Hugh... Davison, Arthur Clifford Davison, William Derby, Alfred........... Des Voeux, Edward Alfred Dexter, Walter James Dick, Harry William Dick, James Gold

Dickens, Charles

Dickie, James.....

Dinnen, Hugh...

Diss, Arthur Charles.. Dixon, Robert James...

Dobben, Alexander Leon-

ard Willem van Donnelly, Denis Ewart Donnithorne, James Henry Doughty, Harry....

**Dowbiggin, Hugh Blackwell

Layard......

Doyer, Johan Antonie Dransfield, Albert ..... Drude, Robert Alexander Philip Drummond, Neil Duckworth, Frederick

Ferdinand

Dunbar, Lambert *Duncan, George

Duncan, Robert Kirkwood Dunlevy, Robert.... Dunnett, Gordon Black.. Dutton, Sydney Hardy

E

Eastman, Alfred William Eça, Adolpho José d'.... Eça, José Maria d'. Eddie, David Silas.. **Edgeumbe, Clifford *Edwards, Archibald *Edwards, George Richard

Edwards, W. G.

Edwards, William Walter. *Eldridge, William James

Assistant. Dock Co., Shipwright, Dock Co.,

Jeweller, Geo. Falconer & Co., Ld., Mercantile Asst., Shewan, Tomes & Co.... Assistant, Alex. Ross & Co., Architect, W. L. Weaser, Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard, Engineer, Andersen, Meyer & Co., Ld.,...

Clerk, Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Assistant, Arculli Bros., ... Assistant, Arculli Bros., Sub-Accountaut, International Banking

Corporation,

Chief Engr., Taikoo Sugar Refinery,. Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Professor of Music, Assistant, Reiss & Co., Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard,. Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Superintendent Shipwright, Dock Co., ... Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Secretary, Hongkong Club,.

Assistant, South British Ince. Co., Ld.,... Assistant, Vernon & Smyth, Sawmiller, Dock Co.,

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Foreman, Taikoo Sugar Refinery,

Assistant, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Tailor, Diss Bros.,..... Boilermaker, Dock Co.,

Assistant, Java-China-Japan Lijn,................... Wine Merchant, Donnelly & Whyte, Engineer, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Assistant Engineer, Green Island

Cement Works,

Bill and Bullion Broker, Stewart Bros.,... Assistant, Java-China-Japan Lijn.... Storekeeper, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Standard Oil Co. of New York, Sugar Boiler, Taikoo Sugar Refinery,......

Assistant Engineer, Electric Co., Ld., Merchant, W. Dunbar,................. Coppersmith, Dock Co., .... Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Timekeeper, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld.,..............

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Clerk, HK., C. & M. Steamboat Co., Ld., Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank,

Oriental

Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld.,.............. Broker, Snowman & Co....... Engineer, HK. Rope Factory, Secretary, United Asbestos

Agency Co., Ld., Foreman, Ralph W. Weymouth, Stock Broker, E. Ellis & Co., Storekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard,

Kowloon Docks. Kowloon Docks. St. George's House. 1 Mosque Junction. 60 Peel Street. 1 Ming Yong Laue. Quarry Bay. King Edward Hotel.

On_premises.

22 Leighton Hill Road. 22 Leighton Hill Road.

Hongkong Club.

Quarry Bay.

74 The Peak.

i The Albany, Garden Road. 4 Basilia, Lyttelton Road. Quarry Bay. Hongkong Club. 55 The Peak. Kowloon Docks. East Point Mess. Hongkong Club.

4 The Albany.

4 Des Voeux Road Central.

Kowloon Docks.

Quarry Bay.

Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay.

1 Wyndham Street. Kowloon Docks.

York Building.

3 Stewart Terrace, The Peak. 13 Broadwood Road.

20в Nathan Road, Kowloon, and

168 The Peak.

11 Beaconsfield Arcade. York Building. Quarry Bay.

1 Humphreys Avenue, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

Tesla Mess, Works, Wanchai. Kingsclere, Kennedy Road. Kowloon Docks. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay. Ou premises.

3 Mountain View, The Peak.

5 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon. 4 Lochiel Terrace, Kowloon. Ou premises.

Zetland House, Queen's Road. 9 Tregunter Mansions.

2 East Block, Military Quarters.

24 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. Tsün Wan.

19 Caine Road. Quarry Bay.

NAME IN FULL.

8

OCCUPATION.

Abode..

E-Continued.

Elias, Isaac Ezekiel Elias, Jacob

Elias, Reuben Sassoon Ellis, Arthur Sassoon Ellis, Emanuel Ezekiel *Ellis, Frederick

Elson, William Thomas Eustace, Bert Evans, John Henry Ezra, Edward.

F

Fairley, Victor Lionel

Falconer, Percy James Farne, Francis Henry Farrell, Peter Thomson. Fasse, Jacobus Fatideen, Shamusdun.. Ferdes, Julio Maria Ferguson, James Carson Ferguson, John

Ferguson, Robert Alexander... Fernandez, Menino................. Ferreira, Francisco Xavier

Ferreira, Georginio Julio Fetterly, Kenneth Melfort.. Fielder, Bert Ernest Figueiredo, Eduardo José de... Figueiredo, Francisco Maria

Xavier de

Figueiredo, Henrique João

Melchiades de......................... Figueiredo, Manuel Augusto... *Finch, John Coliu

Finlayson, Duncan John Fisher, John

Fisher, Joseph Frederick Fisher, Thomas James Fleming, Thomas George

Fosbrooke Fleming, William Nicholson Floquet, René .... Fonseca, José Maria

Forbes, Alexander Rodger.. Ford, Edward Stephen Ford, William...... Ford, William Falconer.. Ford, Jr., William Falconer... Forsyth, William Fothergill, Archibald

Foulds, John Gibson Patrick... Franco, Carlos Alberto Franco, Viriato

Fraser, William

French, Arthur

French, Ernest Malcolm Fritz, Chester

G

Gaan, Martin José

Galloway, Alfred Douglas...... Galluzzi, Ugo Cesare.... Gandall, Charles Thomas Garcia, Alexandre Garcia, Francisco Maria

Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Clerk, W. G. Humphreys & Có.. Assistant, S. J. David & Co., Ld., Assistant Manager, Getz Bros. & Co., Broker,

Broker,

Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Lal., Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Boatswain, Dock Co.,

Cashier, D. Sassoon & Co., Ld.,

Merchant, British-American Tobacco Co.,

Ltd.,

Broker,

Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Marine Supt, Java-China-Japan Lijn, Office Assistant, Dock Co., Assistant, Alex. Ross & Co., Timekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, Foreman, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Foreman, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, HK. Mercantile Co., Ld., Foreman, Installation Department, HK.

Electric Co., Ld.,

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,....

6 Chancery Lane. 6 Chancery Lane.

6 Chancery Lane.

6 Broadwood Terrace.

41 Wongneichong Road.

14 Des Voeux Road Central. Alexandra Building.

On premises. Kowloon Docks.

8 Belilios Ferrace.

1 Kimberley Villas, Kowloon. Alexandra Building.

| Queen's Building.

Quarry Bay, York Building. Cosmopolitan Dock. 32 San Wah Fong. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay.

Quarry Bay.

Queen's Road Central.

40 Staunton Street. On premises.

Asst., Canadian Pacific Ocean Services, Ld., 2 Kimberley Road, Kowloon.

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Partner, Hughes & Hough,

Clerk, G. Martini, Ld......

Assistant, B. M. Webb & Co., Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Assistant, Wm. Powell, Ld., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Engineer, Dock Co.,...................... Clerk, Gordon & Co.

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Merchant, Principal, Floquet & Knoth,. Assistant, Standand Oil Co.,

Sugar Boiler,China Sugar Refining Co.,Ld., Asst., HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld., Assistant, Floquet & Knoth, Engineer, Dock Co.,...... Assistant, Dock Co.,........... Engineer, Dock Co.,.....

Assistant, Standard Oil Co. of New York, Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, W. G. Humphreys & Co., Clerk, Kelly & Walsh, Ld., ....

Chief Clerk, Electric Light Co., Ld.,. Runner, Hongkong Hotel Co., Ld., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, Fisher Flouring Mills Co.,......

4 The Albany.

1 Belilios Terrace.

6 Caine Road.

4 Hart Avenue, Kowloon.

1 Victoria View, Kowloon. Powell's Building. King Edward Hotel. Kowloon Docks.

43 Queen's Road East. Hongkong Club.

On premises.

36B Nathan Road, Kowloon. 18 Chatham Road, Kowloon. 6 Rednaxela Terrace. 209 Praya East.

5 Ashley Road, Kowloon. 28B Nathan Road, Kowloon. Kowloon Docks.

Hongkong Office. Kowloon Docks.

5 Aimai Villas, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

171 Wanchai Road.

177 Wanchai Road.

3 Queen's Gardens. Hongkong Hotel.

3 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. King Edward Hotel,

Asst., British-American Tobacco Co., Ld., | 21 Belilios Terrace.

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

Ship Broker, Geo. Grimble & Co., Meter Inspector, Gas Co.,

Freight Clerk, Pacific Mail S.S. Co.,..... Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co.,

85 The Peak.

13 Conduit Road. Gas Works.

25 Cameron Road, Kowloon.

25 Granville Road, Kowloon.

NAME IN FULL.

9

OCCUPATION.

ABODE.

G—Continued.

Garcia, Rufus Francisco Gardner, John

Gardner, Joseph Gardner, William

Gardner, William Frederick

Garraway, James Graham Gee, Archibald Daniel Gegg, George William Germann, Alexander. Gerrard, George.. Geus, Willem

Gibb, James

Gibbins, Frederick William Gibbs, Alfred Wolfe Dillon Gill, William Gittins, Henry Glendinning, Percy Richard... Glendinning, Walter Scott Gloyn, John Wakeham

Goard, Silas George ... Goggin, William George. Goldenberg, William Goldfinch, Albert Frank Goldsborough, George Edward Goldschmidt, Sylvain Gomes, Francis

Gomes, Francisco Timotheo Gomes, João Eduardo.

Gomes, João Jeronimo

Gomes, José

Gomes, José Hipolyto

Gomes, Luiz Braz ........ Gomes, Maximiano Antonio... Gonella, Ugo

Gonsalves, Verissimo.... Goodall, Donald McGregor Goodban, Joseph Hammett

Cutcliffe

Goodman, Frederick Charles Goodwin, David Alexander Gordon, James Miller

Gosano, Julio Jesus dos Passos Goulborn, Vernon Gould. Joseph Gow, David

Graça, Francisco Maria de

Paula

Graça, José Athanasio

Maria de

*Grabham, Albert George..

Gray, John Gray, Robert Gray, Samuel...... *Green, George

Green, Henry Edgerton.. Green, John Trickett.. *Green, Samuel Ebenezer

Greenfield, Samuel....

Gregory, Tigran Matthews Greig, Kenneth Edward Greig, Walter.......

Griffin, Herbert

Grimshaw, Thomas Grimstone, Sydney Ernest Grott, George................... Grunsell, Stuart ................ Gubbay, David Sassoon.

Assistant, B. M. Webb & Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Clerk, Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld.,. Engineer, HK. Rope Factory,. Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld., Engineer, Dock Co.,....

Manager, Steam Laundry Co., Ld... Partner, Hughes & Hough, Clerk, Astor House Hotel, Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,..... Assistant, Java-China-Japan Lijn,. Sub-Acct., Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Manager, Wilkinson, Haywood & Clark,.. Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld., Staff of Taikoo Sugar Refinery. Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Chief Inspector, HK. Tramway Co., Ld., Outside Overseer, HK, Tramway Co., Ld., Chief Foreman, China Sugar Refining

Co., Ld.,

Diver, Taikoo Dockyard,.... Sub-Manager, Bank Line, Ld., Salesman, Mustard & Co., Timekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, | Steward, Hongkong Club,

Manager, J. Ullmann & Co., Assistant, Nippon Yusen Kaisha, Store Assistant, Dock Co., Assistant, Douglas, Lapraik & Co., Storekeeper, Dock Co.,........ Wm. Powell, Ld., Assistant, Dock Co.,..

Asst., General Electric Co. of China,. Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Architect, E. M. Hazeland,... Assistant, D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Manager, Wiseman, Ld.,

Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Engineer, Dock Co.,

Assistant, W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld., Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Engineer, HK. Rope Factory,.. Merchant, 6 Des Voeux Road Central, Chief Clerk, Dock Co.,................

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Timekeeper, Dock Co.,.................... Ship Broker, Snowman & Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Engineer, Dock Co., ... Butcher, Dairy Farm Co., Ld., Accountant, Pacific Mail S.S. Co.,... Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Merchant, Banker & Co.........

Chair Manufacturer and Registered

Money-lender,

Merchant,

Chief Engineer, Taikoo Dockyard,.

Sub-Manager,

International

Corporation,

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Banking

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,.[ Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Assistant Wharf Manager, Holt's Wharf, Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld.,.....

25 Granville Road, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

Queen's Building.

Villa Maria, 11 Glenealy.

Queen's Building. Kowloon Docks. Yaumati.

14 Broadwood Road, Queen's Road Central. Quarry Bay. York Building.

Chartered Bank Mess. Hongkong Club.

Warehouse Dept., Alexandra Building. Quarry Bay.

19 Caine Road.

48 Morrison Hill Road. 48 Morrison Hill Road.

210 Praya East. Quarry Bay.

7 Queen's Garden.

4 Des Voeux Road Central.

Quarry Bay.

On premises.

9 Seymour Terrace.

7 Babington Path. Kowloon Docks.

9 Macdonnell Road. Kowloon Docks. Powell's Building. Kowloon Docks.

4 Granville Road, Kowloon. 6 Ashley Road, Kowloon. 33 Queen's Road Central. 8 Barrow Terrace, Kowloon. 2 Basilea, Lyttelton Road.

Queen's Building. Kowloon Docks.

Knutsford Hotel, Kowloon. 81 The Peak.

On premises. Hotel Mansions.

Hongkong Hotel. Kowloon Docks.

9 Garden Road.

5 Mosque Terrace. Kowloon Docks.

Hongkong Hotel. Quarry Bay. Kowloon Docks.

3 Durbar Villas, Kowloon.

4 The Albany.

Quarry Bay.

15 Hankow Road, Kowloon.

13 Shaukiwan Road, or 14 Pedder St. King Edward Hotel. Quarry Bay.

Hongkong Club.

23 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

Ewo Mess.

Quarry Bay.

Station Hotel, Kowloon,

|

The Den, Castle Steps.

NAME IN FULL.

10

OCCUPATION.

Abode.

}

G-Continued.

Guimaraes, Egas Guterres, Augusto Arthur.... Guterres, Luiz Esperança Gutierrez, Francisco Maria Gutierrez, Gregorio Maria...... Gutierrez, João Baptista Gutierrez, John Joseph..... Gutierrez, Raoul Maria

d'Oliveira

H

Hall, Frank Edward

Hall, George

*Hall, Robert

Hall, William

*Hamilton, Alexander...........

Hamlin, Frederick Shepard Hammes, Constantine John

Hancock, Harry....

Hannibal, Walter Albert Hansen, James Ernest Hardwick, William Harling, Henry Rushbrook Harrington, John Joseph Karris, John Walter Harrison, Cyril George Harron, Henry Love Hart, Charles William

Harteam, Hasim.... *Harvey, David

Haskell, David

Hatt, Charles.... Haxton, George Kay. Hayward, Harold Emile.... Hazeland, Ernest Manning *Heath, Henry Thomas

Hedley, William...

Henderson, Archibald Kerr

Henderson, George Henderson, James *Henderson, Robert....

Herbert, Rex. Geoffrey.. *Herbst, Carl Emil Peter Heron, Arthur William

Herridge, Frank Gordon

Hewlitt, Arthur George

*Hickling, Clement Chinery

Hidden, Stanley

...

Woodbury, Hankow Road. 7 Ashley Road, Kowloon. Bird Cage, Conduit Road. On premises.

Clerk, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C.,................[ 6 Caine Road. Manager, Hongkong Cigar Store, Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Clerk, W. A. Hannibal & Co., Book-keeper, Bank Line, Ld................

Mercantile Asst., Union Trading Co.,

Proprietor, Palace Hotel,....... Clerk, HK,, C. & M. Steamboat Co., Ld., Marine Supt., Canadian Pacific Ocean

Services, Ld.,

Civil Engineer, A. Abdoolrahim, Ar-

chitect.

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Manager, Robert Dollar Co.,

Acting. Manager, Anderson, Meyer &

Co., L.,

Bill & Bullion Broker,

Merchant, W. A. Hannibal & Co.,

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Storekeeper, Taikoo Sugar Refinery,

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,. Storekeeper, Dock Co.,.

Pianoforte Tuner, S. Moutrie & Co., Sugar Boiler, Taikoo Sugar Refinery,... Sugar Boiler, China Sugar Refining Co.,

Ld.,

Clerk, International Banking Corporation,. Marine Engineer, United

Oriental Agency,

Merchant, D. Haskell & Co., Inspector, Telephone Co., Manager, Ice Co.,.......

Asbestos

Canadian Pacific Ocean Services, Ld., Architect,

Sugar Boiler, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Office Assistant, Dock Co.,

Workshop Superintendent, Hongkong

Tramway Co.,

Shipwright, Dock Co.,......

9 Mosque Street.

13 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon.

Erance Bungalow, Kimberley Road,

Kowloon.

Kowloon, 18 Caine Road.

Hongkong Hotel. `

14 Caine Road. Quarry Bay.

21 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

King Edward Hotel.

105, The Peak.

Hongkong Hotel.

Quarry Bay.

Quarry Bay. Peak Hotel. Quarry Bay.

Kowloon Docks.

1 Aimai Villas, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

1 Great George Street. 105 Queen's Road East.

17 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. Ice House Street..

3 Ashley Terrace, Kowloon. Ice House, East Point. Craigieburn, The Peak.

33 Queen's Road Central. Quarry Bay.

Kowloon Docks.

Tramway Co.'s Office, 1 Russell St. Kowloon Docks.

Asst. Engr., Green Island Cement Co., Ld., Fair View, 3 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

Assistant, Holt's Wharf,

Wharfinger, HK. & K'loon W. & G.

Co., Ld.,

Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co.,

Architect,

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

HK. Tramway Quarters, Bowrington,

1 Connaught Road Central.

6 Lochiel Terrace, Kowloon.

Chater's Bungalow, Kowloon. 6 Aimai Villas, Kowloon. 18B Nathan Road, Kowloon. 5 Morrison Hill.

Assistant, Whiteaway, Laidlaw & Co., Ld., 58 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

Higginbotham, Charles John... Assistant, J. D. Hutchison & Co.,

*Hill, Walter Josephi

Hobbs, Frank...

Hodge, Lewis Edwin Sotheron, Hodge, Seth Evans

Hodgson, Christopher Hodgson, Paul Mary. Hoggard, Frederick

Hollands, Henry Ethelbert Holt, Harold Osborne Honkey, Chas.

Hoogewerff, Wilhelm Eeuwoud Hooper, Joseph

Hosie, Edward Lumsden

Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Manager, Hasting, Hodge & Co., Manager, North West Trading Co., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. Sec., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld.,. Foreman, Green Island Cement Co., Ld., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Manager, Wm. Powell, Ld.,... Merchant, Union Trading Co., Cashier, Netherlands Trading Society, Acct., HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld.,. Accountant, Dock Co.,.......

|

54в Nathan Road, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

Harting, Austin Road, Kowloon. Prince's Building.

1 Bowen Road. Ewo Junior Mess. On premises.

Deep Water Bay. 10 Queen's Garden. Powell's Building.

4 Rednaxela Terrace.

On premises.

2 Mountain View, The Peak,

Kowloon Docks.

"

NAME IN FUll.

11

OCCUPATION.

ABODE.

H-Continued.

Howard, Edward

Howell, Charles Lloyd

Humphreys, Alfred David.. Hung Hing-fat

Hunt, Herbert James

Hunter, Henry James Hunter, James

Hunter, James Adamı

Hunter, Robert

Hunter, Tobias

Hurley, Frederick

Mason

Hyde, James

Charles

Hyndman, Edgar Oscar Peter Hyndman, Edward Robert Hyndman, Henry

Hyndman, Henry Anthony Hyndman, Luiz

Hyndman, Raphael Emanuel...

Exchange Broker,..

Assistant, Dock Co.,

Assistant, W. G. Humphreys & Co.,

Asst. Compradore, HK. & K'loon W. & G.

Co., Ld.,

20 The Peak. Kowloon Docks.

8 Queen's Garden, Peak Road.

2 Prospect Place, Bonham Road.

Assistant Engineer, HK. Electric Co., Ld., 3 Broadwood Road.

Assistant, Bradley & Co., Ld., ...

Fittings Superintendent, Gas Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Macdonald & Co.,

Shipping Estate & Commission Agent,

Partner, Hughes & Hough,

Clerk, HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld.,. Clerk, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews, Clerk, Banque de l'Indo-Chine, Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Assistant, S. J. David & Co., Ld., Assistant, W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld., Clerk, Netherlands Trading Society,

58 Nathan Road, Kowloon. Basilea, Robinson Road. Quarry Bay.

14 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 6 Carnarvon Villas, Kowloon.

168 Magazine Gap.

5 Torres Building, Kowloon. 21 Mosque Street.

11 Humphreys Avenue. On premises.

9 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon. 3 Punjab Buildings, Kowloon. Queen's Road Central.

*Innes, Robert

Ireson, Arthur

Irvine, James Robert....

Isaac, Joseph Jacob

Ismail, Sheik Cassim.

Ismail, Sheik Ebrahim

Ismail, Sheik Ramjahn..

Marine Supt., Butterfield & Swire,............. Assistant Engineer, Green Island Cement

Co., Ld.,

Sub-Accountant, Chartered Bank of I. A.

and C.,.......

Storekeeper, Dock Co.,

Merchant, S. C. Ismail & Co., Manager, S. C. Ismail & Co.,

Hongkong Hotel.

Cement Works.

Bank Mess.

Kowloon Docks.

153 Wanchai Road.

20 Leighton Hill Road.

Clerk, HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld.,... 12 Leighton Hill Road.

*Jack, James

Jack, James McKenzie Jackson, William Croom

*James, Frederick William...

Jeannou, Autain Paul Jenkins, Anthony

Jensen, Karl

Jesus, Daniel David *Jex, Starling

Joanilho, Antonio Joblin, Miller

*Johnson, John

Johnson, Marcus Theodore. Johnston, William Murray. **Johnstone, James

Johnstone, John Sharp Jonckheer, John Jachinka. Jones, James Mowbray

Jorge, Jr., Francisco José

Vicente,

Jorge, Heitor Telles Joseland, Frank Ewart Joseph, Edward Menashih Joseph, Joseph Edgar Joseph, Silas Hayeem Judah, James Jacob Judah, Raphael Solomon Juman, Sheik

June, James Kim Fook. Juster, Andrew William

Accountant, Dairy Farm Co., Ld., Engineer Student, W. C. Jack & Co., Ld., Assistant Wharfinger, Taikoo Sugar

Refinery,

Supt. Engineer, Butterfield & Swire, Manager, French Store,

Sales Manager, Vacuum Oil Co., Assistant, Thoresen & Co.,

1 Aimai Villas, Kowloon.

| 14 Des Voeux Road.

Quarry Bay.

54 The Peak. Queen's Road Central. 35 Conduit Road, 52 The Peak.

Assistant, HK. & K’loon W. & G. Co., Ld., | 11 Yuk Ming Street.

Assistant, Andersen, Meyer & Co., Ld.,... Clerk, Bradley & Co., Ld., Attorney, Standard Oil Co.,............. Storekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, P. & O. S. N. Co., Head Timekeeper, Dock Co., Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Engineer, Holt's Wharf,

Assistant, Java-China-Japan Lijn,.. Merchant, China Overseas Trading Co.,...

Assistant, Silva Netto & Co., Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Wine Merchant, Donnelly & Whyte, Principal, Joseph Brothers,. Broker, 1 Prince's Building, Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Lû.,. Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld.,........ Assistant, D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Assistant, HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld., Assistant, HK, & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld., Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,

2 West Terrace.

73 Wyndham Street. Altadena, The Peak. Quarry Bay.

22 Des Voeux Road Central. Kowloon Docks. Queen's Building. Holt's Wharf, Kowloon. York Building. Lyeemun Villas, Kowloon.

6 Leung Fee Terrace.

On premises.

2 Fairview, Nathan Road.

6 Des Voeux Road Central. 39 Conduit Road.

2 Broadwood Terrace, Wanchai. 10 Arbuthnot Road.

56 David's Building, Kowloon. 13 & 15 Matheson Street. 2 & 3 Ashley Road, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

NAME IN FULL.

K

12

OCCUPATION,

ABODE.

Kailey, William

Kay, Lloyd.

Keith, Allan

*Keith, David

Keith, James Smith Kellner, John Kennedy, Robert

*Kennett, Henry William Bul-

iner

*Kerr, William..

Ketel. Bernardus Hendricus

van

Kew, Arthur James

Kew, Charles Herbert Whiteley *Kew, Joseph Whiteley

Khan, Abbas

Khan, Juman

Kincard, Percy De Witt *Kinghorn, John Richard Kinross, Andrew Robert Knight, Percy Lister..... Knight, Thomas Leonard Knoth, Jean

Kunihiro, Mitsuji Kylling, William Henry

L

Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,

Wharfinger, HK, & K'loon W. & G. Co.,

Ld.,

Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Shipwright, Dock Co.,.. Carpenter, Dock Co.,

Foreman, China Sugar Refining Co., Ld., Asst. Acct., Mercantile Bank of India, Ld.,

Assistant, China Borneo Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,.

Assistant, Netherlands India Commercial

Bank,

Stenographer, Andersen, Meyer & Co.,

Ld.,

Managing Director, Rudolf Wolf & Kew, Engineer,

Clerk, Arculli Bros.,..

Laichikok Works.

3 Hart Avenue, Kowloon. 100 The Peak. Kowloon Docks. Kowloon Docks. East Point.

4 Morrison Hill.

162 Magazine Gap, The Peak. Quarry Bay.

Des Voeux Road Central.

& Lower Castle Road. 8 Castle Road.

9 Wongneichong Road. Ration Store, Whitfield Barracks,

Kowloon.

Assistant, HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld., | 3 Shanghai Street, Kowloon.

Assayer, Fisher Flouring Mills, Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Shipbuilder, Dock Co.,......

Chief Assistant, P. & O. S. N. Co., Shipping Clerk, American Express Co.,... Merchant, Principal, Floquet & Knoth,... Manager, Oriental Trading Co., Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,

Labrum, Victor Charles......... Manager, Printing Office, Kelly & Walsh,

Ld.,

Lafleur, Franciscus H. Y. A.... Assistant, Holland Chiua Trading Co.,

Laing, Kamming Lakin, George Mason. *Lamsden, Alfred.......

Lancaster, John de Bangley...

Lapicque, Paul Auguste Larcina, Angelo Maria' Laurel, Felix Cyprian Laurel, Francisco Paulo.. Lauritsen, Christen *Lawrence, John Henry

Lawson, William Graham.. Lay, Alexander Hyde Lay, Kamfort Frederick Layton, Geoffrey Bendyshe... *Leach, Arthur

Lee, Chinfen

Lee, George

Lee, Rodney Leeman, Thomas

Leiria, João Joaquim..

Leité, Luiz Augusto Pereira... Leith, Alister Cameron Lely, Jacques van der Leon, Arthur

Leon, Cesar Augusto.

Leong, Ernest....

Leung Hoi-tai.....

Leung Kam-lun

Limasjoe, George Theodore

Levy, David Saul

Levy, Silas Simon

Limasjoe, James....

Lo Chung-wan

...

Clerk, Benjamin & Potts,

Assistaut, Gibb, Livingston & Co.,............. Clerk of Works, Leigh & Orange, Acting Local Manager, Liverpool & Lon- don & Globe Insurance Co., Ld., Merchant, P. A. Lapicque & Co., Office Assistant, Dock Co., Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. Proprietor, Dragon Motor Car Co., Storekeeper, Dock Co.,..... Assistant, Standard Oil Co., of New York, Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Clerk, International Banking Corporation, Broker, Layton & Co.,....... Chief Accountant, Vacuum Oil Co., Assistant, HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld., Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Engineer, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Bill and Bullion Broker,

...

King Edward Hotel. 13 Wongneichong Road. Kowloon Docks.

P. & O. Mess, The Peak.

6 Aimai Villas, Kowloon.

4 Observatory Villas, Kowloon. Kennedy Road.

60 Des Voeux Road Central.

1 Aimai Villas, Kowloon,

1 Saifee Terrace, Kowloon.

3 Staunton Street.

St. George's Building. Prince's Building.

8 Tregunter Mansions, May Road. Blarney Stone, Pokfulam Road. Hongkong Office.

3 Gordon Terrace, Kowloon. 119 Belchers Street. Hongkong Hotel, Kowloon Docks.

C/o. Godowns, West Point. c/o. Butterfield & Swire. ID Caine Road.

1 Prince's Building.

14 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon.

| 93 High Street.

1 Ashley Road, Kowloon.

5 Gordon Terrace, Kowloon.

5 Minden Villas, Kowloon. 14A Des Voeux Road Central.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. 4 Humphreys Avenue, Kowloon.

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Mechanic, Alex. Ross & Co.,

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard.................. Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,

Clerk, International Banking Corporation, Assistant, Thos. Cook & Son,.

Assistant Compradore, HK. & K'loon W.

& G. Co., Ld........................

Clerk, W. G. Humphreys & Co., Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Assistant, Java-China-Japan Lijn, Assistant, Java-China-Japan Lijn,...... Compradore, Netherlands Trading Society,

On premises.

6 Wing Ning Street. Quarry Bay.

On premises. 14 Conduit Road.

Des Voeux Road Central.

9 Ashley Road, Kowloon. 2 Beaconsfield Arcade. 16 Ashley Road, Kowloon. York Building. York Building. On premises.

NAME IN FULL.

13

OCCUPATION.

ABODE.

L-Continued.

Lo Kai-hong

Loader, Percy Arnold Logan, James Douglas Longfield, Stewart

*Longmire, Kendall de Cruz

Look Poon-shan..... Lopes, Arthur dos Anjos Lopes, Carlos Augusto Lopes, Dellano Pedro Jesus Lopes, José Maria de Jesus Lopes, Lindouro Lucas....... Lopes, Secondino Antonio...... Loughlin, Thomas Alexander. Loureiro, Eduardo José da

Silva

...

Loureiro, Francisco José da

Silva

Lovely, Lionel Hugo. Ludin, Gunnar

Lundgren, Frits Maurits

Luz, Alvaro Augusto da Luz, Aquibaldo Maria da Luz, F. da

Luz, Francisco José da Luz, Henrique Maria da

Luz, Stephanis Epiphanis Luzae, Jan Gerbrand. Lyle, David.......

Lyle, William

Lysaught, John Joseph...

M

Maas, Martin Mortimore

MacArthur, Neil........

.....

da.:.|

Macaskill, Kennett Roderick...

MacCrae, Donald

Clerk, HK, C. & M. Steamboat Co., Ld. 2 Lan Kai Fong. Engineer, Alex. Ross & Co., Boilermaker, Dock Co.,

Assistant Engineer, Electric Co., Ld........ Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. Chief Manager, Bank of Canton, Ld.,. Shipping Clerk, Bank Line, Ld...... Clerk, China Mail S. S. Co., Ld., Assistant, B. M. Webb & Co., Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Clerk, Electric Co., Ld., Clerk, HK. Tramway Co., Ld., Manager, Bank Line, Ld.,

Accountant, Hongkong Hotel,...

Book-keeper, Gordon & Co., Sub-Acet., Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Manager, A. B. Swedish Trading Co.. Civil Engineer, A. B. The Swedish Trad-

ing Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Assistant, Donnelly & Whyte, Asst., Union Ince. Socty, of Canton, Ld.,. Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. Asst., Netherlands India Commercial Bank, Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

48 Nathan Road, Kowloon. Kowloon Docks. Hongkong Hotel. Ewo Mess.

Des Voeux Road Central,

4 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon. 6 Barrow Terrace, Kowloon.

44 Elgin Street.

6 Barrow Terrace, Kowloon, 5 Ashley Terrace, Kowloon. 23 Belilios Terrace. 4 Morrison Hill.

1 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon.

1 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon. On premises. Hongkong Hotel.

13c Macdonnell Road.

I Rose Terrace, Kowloon. 1 Rose Terrace, Kowloon. 1 Rose Terrace, Kowloon. On premises.

15 Cameron Road, Kowloon. 1 Rose Terrace, Kowloon. Des Voeux Road Central. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay.

Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard,........ Engineer, China Metal and Mining Co., . York Building.

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Assistant, Dock Co.,...

Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refinery,

Macdonald, Andrew Deighton Power House Engineer, IIK. Tramway

Macdonald, John

Macfarlane, William

MacGregor, Robert

Machado, Francisco Antonio..

MacIntyre, Neil

Mackay, Charles

....

Mackay, David Murray.. Mackenzie, Alexander

Mackenzie, Allan

Mackenzie, John Mackintosh, Frederick Alex-

ander Maclachlan, James MacTavish, Hector McEwan... Madar, II. P.

Maher, Teomothio

Mahomed, Moosa

Mahomed, Rafeck

Makeham, Charles..

Maltby, Cyril Fort.....

Manley, George Noble Manners, John

Manning, Warner

Mansfield, William Robert de

Courey Stanley

*Manuk, Malcolm

Markar, Cassim Gaful Marques, Carlos Evaristo

Marques, Fernando Cezar

Co., Lê,

Acting Sub-Manager, Chartered Bank of

I. A. & C.,

Engineer, Ice Co.,

Secretary, Taikoo Dockyard,

Assistant, Gibh, Livingston & Co,..

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,

Timekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard,

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Assistant, Dairy Farm Co., Ltd., Clerk, Benjamin & Potts,

120 The Peak,

Quarry Bay.

Kowloon Docks.

Quarry Bay.

Hazledene, 17 Broadwood Road.

Hongkong Club.

Ice Works, Laichikok.

58 The Peak.

St. George's Building. 8 The Peak. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay.

26A Nathan Road, Kowloon. 52 Praya East, 2nd floor. 28 Queen's Road East.

19 Robinson Road. Quarry Bay.

Ld., King Edward Hotel.

20 Leighton Hill Road. Kowloon Docks.

Manager, Mackintosh & Co., Ld., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Chemist, China Sugar Refining Co., Counter Clerk, Hongkong Hotel, Gatekeeper, Dock Co......... Assistant, Douglas, Lapraik & Co., Clerk, Osaka Shosen Kaisha, Dairyman, Dairy Farm Co., Ld.,................ Accountant, Chartered Bank of I. A. &. C. Manager, Brunner, Mond & Co., Merchant, Manners & Backhouse, Ld., Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,

Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Secretary, Dairy Farm Co., Ld...................... Assistant, Holland-China Trading Co., Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Clerk, Electric Co., Ld.,

15 Yee Woo Street. 118 Hollywood Road. Dairy Farm, Pokfulam. On premises.

1 Humphreys Avenue, Kowloon. 5 Queen's Road Central. 31 The Peak.

Queen's Building. 6 Morton Terrace. 177 Praya East.

11 Cameron Road, Kowloon. 8 Barrow Terrace, Kowloon.

:

NAME IN FULL.

14

OCCUPATION.

ABODE.

M-Continued.

Marques, Francisco Luiz

Marques, José Daniel Marshall, Walter Leonard Mart, Charles William Martin, Alfred Edgecumbe *Martin, Alfred John James

Martin, George Martin, James

Maslin, Herbert Edward Mauricio, Evaristo................ Maxwell, John Jex May, George Howard Mayes, Stanley Maurice

Mayhew, John Wesley McCormack, John

McCorquodale, John

Campbell

McCubbin, John

McCubbin, John

McDougall, Alexander McGregor, Robert

Kerr

*McHutchon, James Maitland...

McInnes, Charles Mirren McIntosh, Alexander Forsyth *McIntosh, James Stuart

McIntyre, John

Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.,

Office Assistant, Dock Co.,......... · Assistant, Standard Oil Co., China Sugar Refining Co., Ld., Assistant, P. & O. S. N. Co., Accountant, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews, Cutter, Wm. Powell, Ld.,

Chief Eng. Draughtsman, Dock Co., Manager, Getz Bros. & Co.,.............. Assistant, Wm. Powell, Ld.,

Asst., HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld.,... Manager, Kelly & Walsh, Ld., Assistant, British-American Tobacco Co.,

Ld..

Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,...

Foreman, China Sugar Refining Co., Ld., Sugar Boiler, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Engineer, Gas Co.,

Assistant, Skött & Co.,

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Assistant, Central Agency Co., Ld.,. Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, ... Draughtsman, Dock Co.,

Sugar Boiler, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,..

McKerns, Frederick William . Assistant, Mackintosh & Co.,

McIntyre, Robert William

*McKay, William

*McKirdy, Archibald

McMurray, David

McNeill, Duncan

McNeillie, David

McNicoll, Leslie Douglas *McPherson, J. L.

Mead, James Henry Moore Meek, Thomas Meines, H. van Mendes, Antonio José Mendes, Francisco Xavier.. Merecki, John Thomas Mickle, Dabney Minor Middleton, John Paul Millar, Andrew William Millar, James Millar, Titus Miller, John Finlay. Milne, George Willox Milroy, Anthony Alexander

Heron

Mistry, Kharshidgi Dhunjibhoy Mitchell, John

Mitchell, Robert Hay Berry... *Mitchelmore, Ernest Vernon...

Mody, Jehangir Hormisji

Naorogi

Moore, Brinsley John de Heez.. Moosdeen, D. A. Moosdeen, E.

Mootee, Fazul.. Moraes, John Souza

Morgan, William Alfred Morley, Walter Morrison, George

Morrison, Kenneth Sinclair Morrison, William James Morse, Arthur

Foreman, Taikoo Sugar Refinery,

Queen's Building. Kowloon Docks. Kingsclere.

1 Great George Street. P. & O. Mess, The Peak. 18 Granville Road, Kowloon. Powell's Building. Kowloon Docks. Hongkong Hotel. Powell's Building.

1 Ashley Road, Kowloon... Hongkong Hotel...

6 Basilea.

Lauritsen, 1 Bowen Road. Quarry Bay.

2 Great George Street. Quarry Bay.

Gas Works, Hongkong. 4 Morrison Gap Road. 59 The Peak.

126 The Peak. Hongkong Hotel. Quarry Bay. Kowloon Docks, Quarry Bay. 56 The Peak.

Quarry Bay.

Edencourt, Cameron Road, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

Supt. Engr., Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., 160 The Peak.

Assistant, Taikoo Sugar Refinery,

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Merchant, Harry Wicking & Co., General Secretary, Young Men's Christian

Association,

Bookseller, Kelly & Walsh, Ld........................... Jeweller, Geo. Falconer & Co., Ld., Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Office Assistant, Dock Co., Office Assistant, Dock Co.,. Commission Agent,

Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Timekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard, Foreman, Holt's Wharf,

Supt. Engineer, Bradley & Co., Ld., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

Superintendent, Sailors' Home, Karanjia & Co.,

Quarry Bay.

Quarry Bay. Prince's Building.

Des Voeux Road Central.

6 Victoria View, Kowloon. Carlton Hotel.

8 Mountain View, The Peak. Kowloon Docks. Cosmopolitan Dock. Hongkong Hotel.

Hongkong Club. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay.

Station Hotel, Kowloon. 84 The Peak. Quarry Bay.

On premises.

2 Chater Road. Quarry Bay. Kowloon Docks.

Foreman, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Office Assistant, Dock Co.,.. Manager, Whiteaway, Laidlaw & Co., Ld.. 37 The Peak.

Bill & Exchange Broker, Chief, Robert Dollar Co., Assistant, Wiseman, Ld., Assistant, Wiseman, Ld., Clerk, U. Rumjahn & Co.,

Civil Engineer, A. Abdoolrahim, Architect, Office Assistant, Dock Co.,....... Book-keeper, J. D. Humphreys & Son,... Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Bradley & Co., Ld.,

11 Conduit Road.

St. George's House.

2 Observation Place.

35 Wongneichong Road. 12 Jardine Bazaar. 3 Caine Road. Kowloon Docks. King Edward Hotel. Quarry Bay. Prince's Building.

Accountant, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Bank Mess. Assistant, HK, & S'hai Bank,..

On premises.

Morton, Adam George Sinclair Agent, Eastern Tungsten Co., Ld.,......... Queen's Building.

NAME IN FULL.

15

OCCUPATION.

ABODE.

M-Continued.

Moses, Naphtali Steinberg Mow Fung, Frederick Charles Muir, David Muir, John

Muirhead, John

Mulder, Jan Dirk Frederik

Muriel, Hugh Ernest..... Murphy, D. J.

Murray, Francis Jonathan Murray, Malcolm Alexander... Murray, Patrick Robert............. Muskett, William Herbert...... Musso, Salvador........... Myatt, William

Merchant, Moses & Co., Merchant, Mow Fung & Co., Assistant, Gas Co., Fitting Dept., Sugar Boiler, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Manager of Foreign Exchange, Bank

Canton, Ld.,

of

Assistant, HK, & S'hai Bank, Assistant, B. M. Webb & Co., Cashier, Banque Industrielle de Chine, Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,. Ticket Clerk, China Mail S.S. Co., Ld............. Book-keeper, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld.,...] Assistant, Bradley & Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,

27 Wongneichong Road. 82 Sai Tau, Kowloon City. Basilea, Robinson Road. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay.

Des Voeux Road Central. On premises.

47 Robinson Road, 15 Robinson Road. On premises.

Asiatic Petroleum Works, Taikoktsui, Alexandra Building.

16 Morrison Hill Road.

5 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon.

N

Nagel, Lee Orlando Nairn, Harry John Neave, Etienne Hugh Neave, Thomas Neeson, W. P. Neilson, Donald

Nelson, Charles Cowley Neves, Florindo José.. Nicholls, William Nicholson, Alfred

*Nicol, Alexander

Nicoll, David Gordon

Nicolson, John Swanson. Nieuwenhuijse,

Antonius

Henricus Nicolaas van Nixon, Theodore Clement Noronha, José Muria.

*Norris, Edgar Charles

North, Robert Herbert *Northey, Hugh Reginald

Accountant, J. T. Shaw & Co., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

Wharfinger, HK. & K'loon W.&G. Co., Ld.,] Superintendent Engineer, Dock Co., Ticket Clerk, Pacific Mail S.S. Co., Boilermaker, Dock Co.,

Engineer, Taikoo Dockyard,

4 Conduit Road. Hongkong Club.

4 Fairview, Kowloon. Kowloon Docks. Hongkong Hotel. Kowloon Docks. Quarry Bay.

Clerk, Canadian Pacific Ocean Services, Ld., 2 Observatory Villas, Kowloon.

Assistant, Dock Co.,

Superintendent, Dock Co.,

Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refinery,

Asst. Engr., Green Island Cement Co., Ld.. Manager, Central Agency Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Java-China-Japan Lijn, Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Secretary, Crédit Foncier d'Extrême-

Orient,..

Asst. Engineer, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Sugar Boiler,China Sugar Refining Co.,Ld., Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,

Cosmopolitan Docks. Cosmopolitan Docks. Quarry Bay. Cement Works. Hongkong Hotel.

York Building. Queen's Building.

15 Ashley Road, Kowloon. 41 Robinson Road.

4 Great George Street. On premises.

Obrembski, Marion von........ O'Brien, Maurice Odufre, Emile Jean Ogilvie, Alexander...

Oliphant, Tom

Oliveira, Eduardo d'

Oliveira, Oscar Mirandolino

dos Santos

Oliver, Peter

Olson, Charles William

*Olsou, John

Omar, Usuff Mahomed

Ormiston, James

་་་་་་

Osmund, Arthur Frederick Osmund, Cæsar Henry Osmund, Ernest Edgar Osmund, George Vincent Osmund, James Daniel. Oswald, William Robert Overy, Hubert

Owen, James Colin

Owen, Mackertich Cyril Owens, William James *Oxberry, James

Ozorio, Eurico Maria.

Ozorio, Duarte Deniz...

Chemist, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Timekeeper, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Ogilvie & Co., ......

Assistant, Dairy Farm Co., Ld.,. Assistant, Dock Co..

Clerk, Green Island Cement Co., Ld., Monlder, Dock Co.,

Assistant, Thoresen & Co., Merchant, C. E. Warren & Co.,..

Clerk, Hongkong Hotel Co., Ld., Assistant, Macdonald & Co.,

Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay.

4 The Albany.

42 Nathan Road, Kowloon. Dairy Farm, Pokfulam. Kowloon Docks.

10 Barrow Terrace, Granville Road. Kowloon Docks.

98A Wanchai Road.

30 & 32 Des Voeux Road.

3 Bowrington, Canal Road East.

13 Humphreys Building, Kowloon,

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., 11 Belilios Terrace.

Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. Clerk, China Sugar Refinery, Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Wm. Powell, Ld., Assistant, Dock Co.,

Secretary, A. B. Moulder & Co., Ld., Foreman, Holt's Wharf,

Assistant, Gande, Price & Co., Ld., Clerk, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Clerk, Macdonald & Co., .

19 Belilios Terrace. 16 Belilios Terrace. 16 Belilios Terrace.

6 Rednaxela Terrace, Quarry Bay.

Powell's Building. Kowloon Docks.

Norman Cottage, 2 Peak Road.

32 Nathan Road, Kowloon.

6 Queen's Road Central.

2 Belilios Terrace.

19 Shelley Street.

16

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ABODE.

-Continued.

Ozorio, Joaquim

d'Assumpção

Ozorio, José Graça

Maria

Clerk, Electric Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Dock Co...................

15 Mosque Street. Kowloon Docks.

Mercantile Asst., Gibb, Livingston & Co.. St. George's Building.

Ozorio, Leopoldo Eugenio.........

P

Packham, Ralph.....

Page, Harry William........................

Paine, Albert Edward Pank Sin-chang Palmer, Henry Thomas.. Parkes, John

Paton, James Wilson. Pearson, James Alfred Pearson, John Henry.. Pentreath, George Artis Pepperell, Edmund............ Pereira, Carlos José Maria Pereira, Charles Michael Emil. Pereira, Fermino Maria...... Pereira, Henrique Bruno Pereira, João Maria Roza......... Pereira, João Patricio

Pereira, José Maria Gonzaga. Pereira, Jovita Duarte Pereira, Thomas Maria Perrie, Robert

Perry, Frederick Arthur

Perry, Silas Shalome.....

Pestonji, Rustom

Peterkin, Norman

Peters, William..

*Petley, Harold Wallace.....

Pinna, Mario Francisco

Cargo Supt., HK. & K'loon W. & G.

Co., Ltd.,

Assistant, Dairy Farm Co., Ld.,

Manager, Moutrie & Co., L., .. Director, Gande, Price & Co., Ld.,... Foreman, China Sugar Refining Co., Ld., Shipbuilder, Dock Co.,.........

Asst. D'yard Manager, Taikoo Dockyard, Tailor, J. T. Shaw,

4 Kimberley Villas, Kowloon.

Dairy Farm Depôt, 38 Nathan Road,-

Kowloon.

6 Babington Path. 6 Queen's Road.

25 Leighton Hill Road. Kowloon Docks. Quarry Bay.

28A Nathan Road, Kowloon. 13 Macdonnell Road. Alexandra Building.

General Manager, Robinson Piano Co., Ld., Merchant, Pentreath & Co................... Assistant, W. G. Humphreys & Co., Clerk, Caldbeck, MacGregor & Co., Book-keeper, Andersen, Meyer & Co., Ld. | 19 Cameron Road, Kowloon. Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., | 47 Wyndham Street. Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. 31 San Wa Fong. Clerk, International Banking Corporation, Club Lusitano. Mercantile Assistant, Shewan, Tomes

St. George's House, Kennedy Road. 1 Reduaxela Terrace.

& Co.,

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Clerk, Netherlands Trading Society, Clerk, International Banking Corporation, Sugar Boiler, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Merchant, British-American Tobacco Co.,

Ld..

Assistant, D. Sassoon & Co., Ld.,

Share Broker, Benjamin & Potts, Manager, Robinson Piano Co., Ld., Timekeeper, Dock Co.,

1 Rednaxela Terrace. 19 Caine Road. Queen's Road Central. 14 Mosque Street. Quarry Bay.

101 The Peak.

Room 18, Bello Building, (Old College

Chambers).

8 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 16 Des Voeux Road Central. Kowloon Docks.

Asst. Mains Supt., HK. Electric Co., Ld., Telsa Mess, Wanchai. Assistant, Nippon Yusen Kaisha,

Pinna, Sebastião Francisco de. Merchant, Harry Wicking & Co.,

Pinquet, Marcel....

Pintos, Cecilio Paulo... Pittendrigh, William McKenzie Placé, Abelardo Antonio Pol, Gerrit Hendrik van den Polley, John David

Potts, Patrick Cumming Prata, Pedro Fernando da

Cruz

Pringle, William Jervis *Prowse, Walter Henry

Pullen, Norman D.

Puncheon, James

Mercantile Assistant, Shewan, Tomes

& Co.,

1 Punjab Buildings, Kowloon. 24 Belilios Terrace.

Wyndham Hotel.

Des Voeux Road Central. Kowloon Docks.

Assistant, Holland-China Trading Co., ... 5 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon. Merchant, U. Rumjahn & Co., Store Assistant, Dock Co., Assistant, Holland-China Trading Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Share Broker, Benjamin & Potts,

Clerk, Green Island Cement Works, Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,

9 Kennedy Road. Quarry Bay. Hongkong Club.

9 Durbar Villas, Kowloon. Hongkong Hotel. Quarry Bay.

Analyst, China Mining & Metal Co., Ld.. York Building. Shipbuilder, Dock Co.,

Kowloon Docks.

Quan Shun John

Accountant, Bank of Canton Ld.,

Des Voeux Road Central.

Quarles van Ufford, Charles

François Jean

R

Rafeek, Mahomed Rahman, Abdool Karrim Rahumed, Abdul Kadir.

Asst. Manager, Java-China-Japan Lijn,... York Buildings.

Clerk, Osaka Shosen Kaisha, Clerk, King Edward Hotel, Clerk, Electric Co., Ld.,

118 Hollywood Road. On premises.

8 Lamont Lane.

17

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

Abode.

R-Continued.

Railton, Norman Leslie

Howard

Ram, Harry *Ramsay, Allan Barrie

Ramsay, Harry William *Ramsay, John Harris

Ramsay, Joseph Marshall Ramsay, Peter Walter Robert-

son

Ramsay, Thomas

Ranger, Frederick Ernest Rapley, Lavès Stephen.. Rapp, Fritz...... Rapp, Gustav George *Rattay, William John

*

Raven, Arthur Robert Fenton Rawlinson, Ronald James... *Raworth, Arthur Basil

Ray, Edward Heury

Raymond, Edward Benjamin Raymond, Edward Maurice

Razack, Moosa Abdool

Reid, James

Reid, Kennedy Bremner

Reis, José Manuel..... Reis, Pedro Antonio

Remedios, Alberto Maria

Octavio dos......... Remedios, Alfredo Frederico

dos

Remedios, Carlos Augusto dos Remedios, Carlos Eugenio dos, Remedios, Carlos Savard Remedios, Fernando d'Almada Remedios, Francisco Xavier

d'Almada

Remedios, Hermillo Hermi-

gildo dos

Remedios, J. G. dos Remedios, João Joaquim

Vandenberg dos Remedios, Jorge Maria Ozorio. Remedios, José Candido dos... Remedios, José Julita dos Remedios, José Maria

Vandenberg dos

...

Remedios, L. A. Lopes Remedios, Luiz Engenio Remedios, Luiz Gonzaga Remedios, Maximiano Antonio

dos

Remedios, Mousinho Ferdi-

nando dos

Remedios, Paulo Maria ......... Remedios, Romualdo Jacob Remedios, Vasco Luiz dos...... Resker, Herbert Charles Rew, Joseph Mary.. Rew, Tommy James Ribeiro, Angelo Cecilio Vieira Ribeiro, Antonio José Ribeiro, Augusto José Vieira. Ribeiro, Constantino Filomeno

Vieira

Ribeiro, Fernando José Ribeiro, Francisco Xavier

Vieira

Ribeiro, Frederico

8 Shing Wong Street, top floor. Quarry Bay.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., | Eden Court, Kowloon. Asst., British American Tobacco Co., Ld., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Accountant, Kelly & Walsh, Ld., Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Supt. Shipbuilder, Dock Co.,

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant Director, W. S. Bailey & Co.,

Ld.,

Assistant, D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Sales Manager, J. T. Shaw & Co., Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld., Clerk, J. D. Humphreys & Son,.. Assistant, Dock Co.,............. | Architect,

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

Electrical Engineer, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Broker,

Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld.,. Share Broker, Benjamin & Ports, General Broker,

Dockyard Manager, Taikoo Dockyard, Sub-Accountant, International Banking

Corporation,

Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank,

Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co.,

8 Gordon Terrace, Kowloon. On premises. Kowloon Docks.

Quarry Bay.

Harting, Kowloon.

6 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. Sea View, Wanchai Gap. Warehouse Dept., Alexandra B'ding. 5 Babington Path. Kowloon Docks. 45 Conduit Road. 171 The Peak. 11 The Peak. Alexandra Building.

11 Humphreys Building, Kowloon. 4 Macdonnell Road.

32 Leighton Hill Road. Quarry Bay.

Hongkong Club.

On premises. On premises.

Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., On premises.

Clerk, HK, & S'hai Bank, Assistant, Holland-China Trading Co., Head Clerk, Russo-Asiatic Bank, Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. Assistant, Union Trading Co.,

On premises.

22 Robinson Road. The Hut, Castle Road. 29 Mosque Street.

3 Aimai Villas, Kowloon.

Assistant, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews,... 3 Aimai Villas, Kowloon.

Clerk, Russo-Asiatic Bank,...

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,.|

Clerk, International Banking Corporation, Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld.,...... Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Clerk, HK, & S'hai Bank,

Assistant, Dock Co., Clerk, Wiseman, Ld.,

The Hut, Castle Road. 3 Seymour Terrace.

The Hut, Castle Road. 3 Seymour Terrace, On premises. On premises.

Kowloon Docks. 5 Mosque Junction.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. 22 Belilios Terrace.

Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,

Merchant, Maxim & Co.,.......

980 Wanchai Road.

51 Wyndham Street.

Assistant, China Light & Power Co., Ld., 3 Cameron Road, Kowloon. Assistant, B. Reif,

29 Mosque Street. 98D Wanchai Road. On premises. Quarry Bay.

Chief Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld., Clerk, Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Chemist, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Dairy Farm Co., Ld.,. Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld., Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,... Assistant, Gibb, Livingston & Co.,

Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank, Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank,

Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank,

32 Morrison Hill Road. 12 St. Francis Street. 28 Robinson Road. On premises.

St. George's Building.

On premises.

On premises.

Book-keeper, Mustard & Co.,

On premises.

4 Des Voeux Road Central.

18

NAME IN FULL.

OCCUPATION.

ABODE.

R-Continued.

Ribeiro, João Chrysostomo

Vieira

Clerk, HK. & S'hai Bank,

Ribeiro, Jorge Alberto Vieira | Merchant, Maxim & Co.,......

Ribeiro, José Maria Vieira Ribeiro, Julio Costa Vieira Ribeiro, Luiz Antonio Vieira... Ribeiro, Luiz Gonzaga Ribeiro, Oscar Francisco Ribeiro, Venceslau Francisco

Vieira

Ribeiro, Vicente Rogerio Vieira Richardson, Charles Edward... Ridgway, James Aylmer Riechelman, Frederik. Riechelmann, Daniel

Ringnalda, Gerben... Ritchie, Archibald.

Ritchie, David

Ritter, Ovid Herbert Roberts, Walter Edmund Roberts, William Ewart Robertson, Arthur Walter

Lennox

Robarts, Ricardo Ramiro

Robertson, Thomas Watson Robinson, William Robson, John

Rocha, Alvaro Gustavo da Rocha, E. L.

Assistant, Alex Ross & Co., Assistant, D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Clerk, Nestlé & Anglo-Swiss Milk Co.,... Assistant, C. A. da Roza, Assistant, Thoresen & Co.,

Assistant, W. G. Humphreys & Co., Clerk, Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., Ageut, Fisher Flouring Mills Co., Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,.. Assistant, Java-China-Japan Lijn,. Sub-Accountant, Netherlands Trading

Society,

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Marine Engineer, United Asbestos

Oriental Agency, Ld.,

Sub-Accountant, International Banking

Corporation,

Agent, China Mail S.S. Co., Ld., Assistant, Bradley & Co., Ld., Secretary, HK, Tramway Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,.. Mercantile Assistant, Gibb, Livingston

& Co.,

Supt. Engr., HK.&K'loon W. & G. Co.,Ld., Office Gunner, P. & O. S. N. Co., Engineer, Dock Co.,.............

Assistant, Caldbeck, MacGregor & Co.,... Clerk, Banque de l'Indo-Chine,

Rocha, Epiphanio Maria da... Mercantile Assistant, Shewan, Tomes

Rocha, Isaias da. Rocha, João Maria da Rocha, José Maria da

Rocha, Vicente Caetano da *Rodger, John

Rodrigues, Antonio José Maria

(Jr.)

Rodrigues, Carlos Augusto

de Carvalho....................

Rodrigues, José Carvalho Rodrigues, José Simão Rodrigues, Louis Gonzales Rosa, José Maria da

Rosario, Fernando

Maria

Antonio

Rosario, Polycarpo Antonio

Rosario, Valeriano Cruz

Rose, Louis Augustus

Ross, David Macbean

Ross, Walter

Rosser, Frederick Endell Rowe, Herbert John

Roza, Calixto Baptista da...... Roza, Carlos Augusto da Roza, Crispiniano Ingracio da. Roza, Edmundo Duarte da Roza, Gregorio Francisco da.....] Rozario, Antonio Manuel da

Silva

Rozario, Arthur Cornelio Rozario, Daniel Anthero Rozario, Eduardo José

Maria do

& Co.,

Assistant, A. B. Swedish Trading Co., Manager, J. M. da Rocha & Co., Assistant, British-American Tobacco Co.,

Ld.,

Asst., Union Ince. Socty, of Canton, Ld., Assistant Manager, China Sugar Refining

Co., Ld.,

Assistant, HK, & S'hai Bank..

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,. Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,

Clerk, North China Insurance Co., Ld.,... Clerk, Russo-Asiatic Bank,

Clerk, S. C. Ismail & Co.,

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,

On premises.

2 Barrow Terrace, Kowloon. 36 Morrison Hill Road.

6 Mosque Street.

7 Morrison Hill.

53 Elgin Street.

45 Wyndham Street.

18 Belilios Terrace, Robinson Road, Queen's Building.

King Edward Hotel. On premises. York Building.

Queen's Road Central. 2 Queen's Garden.

Abergeldie, 136 The Peak.

Hongkong Hotel.

3 Macdonnell Road. Prince's Building. Peak Hotel.

169 The Peak.

St. George's Building.

3 Kimberley Villas, Kowloon. 22 Des Vœux Road Central. Kowloon Docks. 14 Belilios Terrace. 50 Hauwoo Street.

100в Wanchai Road. 2 Mosque Street.

Villa Rosita, Austin Avenue, K'loon.

53 Elgin Street. On premises.

159 Praya East.

On premises.

On premises.

5 Broadwood Terrace.

4 Mosque Street.

5 Broadwood Terrace.

4 St. Francis Street.

On premises.

Asst., Union Ince. Socty. of Canton, Ld., On premises.

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,

Architect, 62 Queen's Road Central,

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,....

Architect, F. E. Rosser,. Engineer, Carmichael & Clarke, Clerk, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Incorporated Accountant,... Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Accountant, Lowe, Bingham & Matthews, Clerk, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C.,

Assistant, J. M. Alves & Co...... Clerk, International Banking Corporation, Assistant, Botelho Bros.,

Assistant, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld.,

On premises.

25 Seymour Road.

On premises.

On premises.

7 Queen's Road Central.

9 Kennedy Road.

72 Caine Road.

14 Macdonnell Road. Queen's Building.

2 Aimai Villas, Kowloon. 72 Caine Road.

27 Mosque Street. 25 Shelley Street. 8 Bridges Street.

...25 Shelley Street.

NAME IN FULL.

· 19

OCCUPATION.

Abode.

R-Continued.

Rozario, José Libanio

Manuel Spencer do......... Rozario, José Maria da Silva. Rozario, Julio Cezar do.............. Rumjahn, Dawood Rumjahu, Dawood Kumjahn, Usuf .... Russell, John

Ruttonjee, Jehangir Hormusjee

S

Sadick, Ebrahim M. Samways, Frederick George... Samy, Arthur Poonoo *Sandford, Henry Chamberlain.

Sanger, Richard

Sanh, Joseph Antoine. Santos, Antonio Joaquim

Rodrigues dos Sayce, Kelly Schou-Sorensen, Arne Schulz, Arthur Ernest

Scott, Ernest Hansen Scott, Harry Hodge Scott, Holman

Scott, John Hannay Scott, Thomas Liddell Scriven, Henry Ernest *Seath, William Petrie

Sedgwick, Reginald Ensor Sepher, Sheik Abdool Sequeira, Carlos Maria Sequeira, Carlos José Sequeira, Gumelsindo Jesus... Sequeira, Henrique Remijio Sequeira, Pedro Nolasco Seth, Harold

Seth, John Hennessey

Seybt, Clarence Eugene Shand, Thomas Shaw, David

Shaw, George Morison Shaw, James Totten Shaw, John Archibald Shaw, John Roy

She Tat-tsoi

Sheppard, John Oram

Sherwin, Herbert Macy. Shewan, William Thomson Shroff, Framroze Pestonjee Shroff, Lowjee Framroz... Silas, Frederick David Silva, Antonio Francisco Paulo

da.......

Silva, Antonio José Cupertino

da.......

Silva, Armando Maria da Silva, Arnaldo Tassio Gomes da Silva, Arnaldo Heitor da Silva, Arthur Emiliano da.............. Silva, Arthur Luiz

Silva, Carlos Germano da

signs per pro., Connell Bros. Co., Book-keeper, Bradley & Co., Ld., Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Book-keeper, Gande, Price & Co., Principal, Brewer & Co., Merchant, U. Rumjahn & Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard,.. Merchant, H. Ruttonjee & Son,

Clerk, Chater & Mody,

Sugar Boiler,China Sugar Refining Co., Ld., Architect,

Acting Chief Acct., HK. & S'hai Bank,... Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co...

Principal, Brewer & Co.,

Tobacconist, Sayce & Co., Manager, Thoresen & Co.,

Chartered Accountant, Lowe, Bingham &

Matthews,

Assistant, Skott & Co., Draughtsman, Dock Co.,

Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Merchant, Mustard & Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co., Sugar Boiler, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,........ Asst., HK. & K'loon W. & G. Co., Ld., Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Assistant, Andersen, Meyer & Co., Ld.,... Manager, A. R. Marty,....

Clerk, International Banking Corporation Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Commission Agent,

Acct., &c., Percy Smith, Seth & Fleming, Manager, Thomas W. Simmons & Co., Engineer, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Engineer, Dock Co.,

2 Humphreys Avenue, Kowloon. Prince's Building.

21 Morrison Hill Road. 6 Queen's Road Central. 53 Wongneichong Road. 8 Arbuthnot Road. Quarry Bay.

16 Queen's Road Central,

Victoria Building.

I Great George Street. 88 Bonham Road. On premises. Kingsclere.

6 Lyemoon Villas, Kowloon.

1 Hollywood Road, 2nd floor. 14 Beaconsfield Arcade. Bicton, 128 The Peak.

5 Victoria View, Kowloon. 4 Minden Row, Kowloon. Kowloon Docks. Kingsclere.

4 Des Voeux Road Central. Quarry Bay.

On premises. Quarry Bay. On premises.

3 Bowrington Canal East. 17 Mosque Street. 2 Mosque Street. 6 Mosque Terrace. 23 Shelley Street. 20 Belilios Terrace. 2 Peak Road.

5 Queen's Road Central. Hongkong Hotel. Quarry Bay. Kowloon Docks.

Manager, China Sugar Refining Co., Ld., On premises.

Tailor, J. T. Shaw,

Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,

General Agent, Passenger Dept., Canadian

Pacific Ocean Services, Ld., Compradore, HK., C. & M. Steamboat

Co., Ld.,

Acting Agent, Pacific Mail S. S. Co., Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Merchant, W. Shewan & Co., Ld., Assistant, S. J. David & Co., Ld., Civil Engineer, A. Abdoolrahim, Architect, Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld.,..

Clerk, HK. Electric Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,. Clerk, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,.... Clerk, P. A. Lapicque & Co., Assistant, Linstead & Davis, Mercantile Asst., Shewan, Tomes & Co.,... Clerk, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Clerk, Electric Co., Ld.,

Silva, Francisco Britto Perez .. Clerk, HK, & S'hai Bank,

Silva, Francisco Filomeno

Eça da

Silva, Francisco Xavier da

Assistant, D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Clerk, Goddard & Douglas,....

4 Conduit Road. Kingsclere, Kennedy Road,

Queen's Garden.

51 Conduit Road. 15 Conduit Road. King Edward Hotel. 5 Blue Buildings.

3 Hart Avenue, Kowloon. 3 Hart Avenue, Kowloon. 12 Beaconsfield Arcade.

55 Wongneichong Road.

175 Wanchai Road, top floor. 8 Mosque Street.

7 Middle Road, Kowloon,

3 Duddell Street.

16 Belilios Terrace.

15 Granville Road, Kowloon. 13 Ashley Road, Kowloon. On premises.

4 Gordon Terrace, Kowloon. 176 Queen's Road East.

NAME IN FULL.

20

OCCUPATION..

ABODE.

S-Continued.

Silva, George Honorio da Silva, Henrique Mario da Silva, João Maria da Silva, Jorge Alberto Perez Silva, José Maria Silva, Lucas Antonio da Silva, Lucas Leonardo da

Silva, Marciano Antonio da Silva, Porphyrio Maria

Nolasco da

Silva, Ricardo Crescencio da... Sim, Edwin Lionel.. Simmons, Alfred Brodix

Simoes, Mannel Augusto Simpson, Andrew Simpson, James. Singer, Eugene Theodore Skott, Hans..... Slark, Allen McDougall.. Sloan, James

Smirke, James Frederick Smith, Andrew

Smith, Arthur William

Smith, Arthur William Smith, Charles H. L.... Smith, Eric Grant .. Smith, Francis Harland.. Smith, Herbert Edwin Smith, Inglis Sydney. *Smith, James Smith, James

Smith, William Henry *Smyth, James Mathie

Snowman, Albert Washington Soares, Adão Maria de Lourdes Soares, Angusto Domingos Soares, Charles Maria Soares, Francisco Xavier Soares, José Maria............. Soeters, Johan Michel Soonderam, Ramasamy *Sorby, Vincent

Soutar, Francis

*Souter, Ewart Benjamin

George

Souza, Duarte Eleuterio de Souza, Euzebio

Souza, José Thomas de .... Souza, Luiz Carlos do Rozario Souza, Marcus Antonio Rozario Souza, Wilhehmino Juno José Speirs, James Bell......... Spit, Hendricus Martinus Spittles, James

Spradbery, Joseph James... Stackhouse, John Walker...... Stainfield, Herbert Langham

Stalker, Archibald Stalker, John

Stark, Charles Crawford Stark, George.... Starkey, Charles Francis.

Steel, David Steer, James Stephens, Herbert

Stephens, Walter Alfred

|

Station Foreman, Electric Light Co., Ld., | 100c Wanchai Road.

Clerk, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., Clerk, Russo-Asiatic Bank,

Assistant, E. D. Sassoon & Co., Ld., Assistant, Lane, Crawford & Co.,

Assistunt, Jockey Club Stables,

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,.

15 Belilios Terrace.

10 Belilios Terrace.

16 Granville Road, Kowloon. On premises.

Causeway Bay.

On premises.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,.. 5 Ashley Terrace, Kowloon.

Broker, W. G. Worcester & Co., Assistant, W. G. Humphreys & Co., Accountant, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld., Export Manager, Thomas W. Simmons

& Co.,

Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Shipbuilder, Dock Co., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Manager, H. Skott & Co., Merchaut, Harry Wicking & Co., Assistant, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Ticket Inspector, Peak Tramway Co., Storekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, Manager, Soda Water Factory, A.

Watson & Co., Lil.,

Assistant, Alex. Ross & Co., Engineer, W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld., Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Commission Agent, Smith & Co.,

S.

Des Voeux Road Central. 12 Lochiel Terrace, Kowloon.

17 Chamberlain Road, The Peak.

Hongkong Hotel.

49 Haiphong Road, Kowloon. Kowloon Docks. Quarry Bay.

Kingsclere, Kennedy Road. Hongkong Hotel.

Hongkong Club.

Quarry Bay.

1 A & B Block, Queen's Road East.. Quarry Bay.

On premises.

2 Gordon Terrace, Kowloon. Lreemun Villas.

On premises.

6 Des Voeux Road Central.

Accountant, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C., | Hongkong Club. Engineer, HK. Electric Co., Ld., Clerk, Dairy Farm Co., Ld., Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co.,... Merchant, Gilman & Co., Ld.... Blacksmith, Dock Co.,:.. Broker,

23 Leighton Hill Road.

39 Haiphong Road, Kowloon. 4 Victoria View, Kowloon.

Merchant, Soares & Co., Store Assistant, Dock Co., Acct., Percy Smith, Seth & Fleming, Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,.... Clerk, Mercantile Bank of India, Ld., Accountant, Netherlands Trading Society, Clerk, Hongkong Hotel,

Mains Supdt., HK. Electric Co., L., Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,..

SA Des Voeux Road. Kowloon Docks. Queen's Building.

12 Peak Road. Kowloon Docks.

5 Queen's Road Central. On premises.

17 Mosque Street. Ou premises.

3 Loong On Street. Quarters, North Point. Quarry Bay.

SA Des Vonx Road Central. Queen's Building.

Kowloon Docks.

33 Peking Road, Kowloon. On premises.

Assistant, Gilman & Co., Ld.,.... Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Timekeeper, Dock Co.,... Assistant, S. J. David & Co., Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Clerk, Union Ince. Socty, of Canton, Ld., Queen's Building. Foreman, Electric Co., Ld.,.. Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Java-China-Japan Lijn,. Manager, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld., Assistant, Dock Co.,

6 Salisbury Avenue, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

York Building.

Wine Department. Kowloon Docks.

Manager, New Zealand Insurance Co., Ld., | c/o Reiss & Co., Queen's Building.

Mercantile Assistant, Shewan, Tomes

& Co.,

Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,

Shipping Clerk, Bank Line, Ld..................... Local Manager, Vacuum Oil Co., Engineer, China Light & Power Co., Ld., Mining Engineer, Manager, China Metal

& Mining Co.,

Shipwright, Dock Co.,........

Watchmaker,

Merchant, H. Stephens & Co.,.... Assistant, Nestlé-Anglo Swiss Condensed

Milk Co.,

|

2 Austin Avenue, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

Hongkong Hotel Mansions.

12 Kuutsford Terrace, Kowloon. Hung Hom.

York Building.

Kowloon Docks. 4 D'Aguilar Street. 16/22 Queen's Road Central.

16 Humphreys Building, Kowloon.

NAME IN FULL.

21

OCCUPATION.

ABODE.

S—Continued.

Stevenson, Allan Stewart, William Stewart, Allan Brown *Stewart, George Edward

Stewart, James

Stone, Paul Emil Fredrick Stone, William Forbes Stoneham, Herbert Frederick. Strafford, Cecil Stuart, Charles

Suffiad, Abdul Gaffoor........ Sullivan, Charles Vœux Summers, Edwin Henry Spark

*Surman, Edward John

Sutherland, Percy Duffus

Assistant Manager, Dairy Farm Co., Ld., Timber Merchant, Wm. Stewart & Co.,... Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Dock Co.,

Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld.,

Dairy Farm, Pokfulam. Alexandra Building. East Point. 54 The Peak. Quarry Bay.

Kowloon Docks.

On premises.

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld.,... 18 Hongkong Hotel Annexe.

Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard. Assistant, Wm. Powell, Ld.,

Asst., British-American Tobacco Co., Ld., Assistant, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Lighter Supt., HK. & K'loon W. & G.

Co., Là..

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Passenger Agent, Canadian Pacific Ocean

Services, Ld.,

Quarry Bay.

Powell's Building, Des Voeux Road

Central.

14 Leighton Hill Road. Quarry Bay.

7 Aimai Villas, Kowloon. The University.

Hongkong Club.

+

T

Taggart, James Harper....

Tape, Benjamin Wong Tarrant, John Arthur Tavares, Alvaro Mario Tavares, Carlos Eugenio Tavares, Fernando José.... Tavares, José Filippe Tavares, José Maria Placé *Tayler, Henry Herbert

Taylor, Frank Harold

Taylor, John William Taylor, Percy John Taylor, William

Tennent, Thomas Bertram

Greig Tetzel, Charles

Thom, William Thomas, Evan Ralph..

*Thomas, Francis Henry

Thomas, George... Thomson, Fraser Syme Thomson, John Brendon Thornton, George Thorp, E.

Thursfield, William Reginald

Proud

Tillman, Henry Tobias, Lewis Albert.. Tod, Peter

Todd, Francis Charles Todt, Arthur Lovejoy *Tollan, Duncan Tong Tsung-po Toppin, James Tourtet, Joseph Towns, George Ernest Travers, Frank Tucker, Alfred *Tulip, Wilfred..

Tully, John

Turenne, Napoleon Isidore,

Turnbull, Thomas Guthrie

Secretary & Manager, Hongkong Hotel, .

On premises.

Alexandra Building. Prince's Building.

Agent, China Mutual Life Ince. Co., Ld., | Alexandra Building. Secretary, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld., Assistant, Bradley & Co., Ld., Assistant, Russian Volunteer Fleet, Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Assistant, Reiss & Co., Assistant, Alex. Ross & Co.,

Manager, China Provident Loan & Mort-

gage Co., Ld................

Mercantile Assistant, Shewan, Tomes

& Co.,

Stock Broker, Moxon & Taylor, Engineer, Ice Co.,......................

Pattern Maker, Dock Co.,

Assistant, W. R. Loxley & Co., ... Clerk, International Banking Corporation, Assistant, Palmer & Turner, Assistant, Union Insurance Society of

Canton, Ld.,

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Gatekeeper, Dock Co., Assistant, Dodwell & Co., Ld., Engineer, Carmichael & Clarke, Assistant, Alex. Ross & Co., Clerk, Toyo Kisen Kaisha,

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,............ Assistant, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Lazarus & Co.,

Assistant, Jardine, Matheson & Co., Ld., Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld., Assistant, Standard Oil Co., Electrical Engineer, Telephone Co., Cashier, Thos. Cook & Son, Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co., Assistant, Messageries Maritimes, . Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank, Clerk, Toyo Kisen Kaisha, Head Watchman, Dock Co., Draughtsman, Dock Co.,.......

Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Ld., Assistant, British-American Tobacco

Co., Ltd.,

Passenger Agent, Canadian Pacific

Ocean Services, Ld.,

***

6 Caine Road.

4 Caine Road.

1 Carnarvon Road, Kowloon.

4 Caine Road.

Windsor Lodge, Kowloon.

40 Haiphong Road, Kowloon. The Peak.

East Point. Kowloon Docks.

131 The Peak.

8 Shing Wong Street. Astor House Hotel,

Queen's Building. On premises. Kowloon Docks. Queen's Building. 9 Tregunter Mansions. King Edward Hotel. King's Building.

On premises.

Quarry Bay.

28 Queen's Road Central. Kingsclere.

Wine Dept., Alexandra Building. King Edward Hotel,

19 Wongneichong Road.

Des Voeux Road Central.

35 Haiphong Road, Kowloon.

19 Humphreys Building, Kowloon On premises.

King's Building. Kowloon Docks.

Kowloon Docks.

8 Broadwood Road.

40 Haiphong Road, Kowloon,

Kingsclere.

NAME IN FULL.

22

OCCUPATION.

ABODE.

U

Uldall, Sofus Wilhelm August..

Underwood, Joseph Harry

...

Works Manager, Green Island Cement

Co., Ld.,

Chemist, China Sugar Refining Co., Ld.,.

On premises.

King Edward Hotel.

V

Vandenberg, Francisco

Valeriano......

Vas, Maroal Antonio. Ventura, José .....

Vermeulen, Pieter Willem

Vermey, Henri Jacques Victor, João Thomé Victor, José Maria..

Vieira, Bernardino Senna Vieira, Bomfilho Maria Vieira, José Maria

Vieira, José Maria Eleuterio... Vincenot, Louis Paul

W

Wagtendonk, Willem Johan-

nes van

Waldron, James Walker, James Wallace, Charles Wallace, Robert Cooper Ward, Arthur Victor

Warren, Charles Edward Watkins, Harry Watson, James Wattie, John Watts-Evans, William Thomas

...

Weaser, William Lionel Wreford Webb, Bertram Monteith Wechel, Derk Herman Te...... Weill, Albert

Weir, John

Weir, Walter

Wells, Francis Arthur Wells, Michael John West, Samuel Henry.. Weston, Percival Horace Wetton, George Ernest Weyl, Bernard Weyler, Heuri Willem

Weymouth, Ralph Wells White, Edmund William White, Francis William.. White, Shelly Perry Whiteford, Robert Hamilton... *Whitelaw, Alexander Alston...

Whiteley, William

Whiteley, William Henry *Whyte, Lionel Mountstuart...

Wilgress, Henry Trollope.

*Wilken, Eric, Wilkie, John

Assistant, Reiss & Co., Clerk, Astor House Hotel, Clerk, G. Martini, Ld., Sub-Accountant, Netherlands Trading

Society,

Book-keeper, Netherlands Trading Society, Assistant, HK. & S’hai Bank,. Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,

Assistant, Thomas W. Simmons & Co.,... Book-keeper, Kelly & Walsh, Ld., Assistant. Cooper & Co.,

Clerk, Cooper & Co.,

9 Humphreys Avenue, Kowloon. 4 Mosque Street.

5 Cameron Road, Kowloon.

Queen's Road Central. Queen's Road Central. On premises.

8 Morrison Hill Road.

19 Cameron Terrace, Kowloon, 47 Wyndham Street.

9 Mosque Street.

9 Mosque Street.

Managing Partner, Walter Ford & Co., ... 17 Ashley Road, Kowloon.

Assistant, Java-China-Japan Lijn, Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,

Manager, Dairy Farm Co., Ld., Assistant, Central Agency Co., Ld., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, HK. Land Investment &

Agency Co., Ld.,

66

Contractor, &c., C. E. Warren & Co.,................ Engineer, Asiatic Petroleum Co., Master, David Gillies", Dock Co., Assistant, Alex. Ross & Co., Mercantile Assistant, Shewan, Tomes

& Co.,....

Architect and Surveyor, Principal, B. M. Webb & Co.,... Assistant, Holland-China Trading Co., Manager, Sennet Frères, Draughtsman, Taikoo Dockyard, Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard, Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,.. Stores Supt., Dock Co.,

Tuner, Robinson Piano Co., Ld.,. Manager, H. Scott & Co., Assistant, Sennet Frères,.

Accountant, Netherlands-India Com-

mercial Bank......................

Principal, Ralph W. Weymouth, Assistant, Wm. Powell, Ld., Share Broker, Victoria Building, Cashier, American Express Co.,

Sugar Boiler, China Sugar Refining Co.,Ld., Foreman, Taikoo Dockyard, Clerk, Dock Co.,

Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld.,. Wine Merchant, Donnelly & Whyte, Assistant, Canadian Pacific

Ocean

Services, Ld.,

Assistant, HK. & S'hai Bank,

Merchant,

Assistant, Butterfield & Swire,

Overseer, HK. Land Investment

&

Agency Co., Ld.,

Assistant, Shewan, Tomes & Co.,

Wilkinson, Robert Andrew Wilkinson, William Joseph

Wilks, Reginald Dixon.........

Williams, William George......] Assistant, Thos. Cook & Son,..

York Building. Quarry Bay.

Sassoon's Villa, Pokfulam. 29 Cameron Road, Kowloon, Quarry Bay.

Naval Yard.

The Towers, Broadwood Road. Carlton Hotel. Kowloon Docks.

41 Robinson Road.

King Edward Hotel.

5 Victoria View, Kowloon. Villa Miramare, Jubilee Road. Station Hotel, Kowloon. On premises. Quarry Bay. Quarry Bay. 54 The Peak. Quarry Bay. Kowloon Docks. Wyndham Hotel. Peak Hotel.

Queen's Road Central.

Des Voeux Road Central. Kingsclere.

Powell's Building.

7 Robinson Road.

Kingsclere, Kennedy Road. 4 Great George Street. Quarry Bay.

Kowloon Docks.

Soda Water Factory.

2 Stewart Terrace, The Peak.

Hongkong Club.

Ou premises.

Hongkong Hotel.

6 Queen's Garden.

7 Praya East, Blue Buildings. 13 Knutsford Terrace, Kowloon. Des Voeux Road Central.

2

ī

NAME IN FULL.

23

OCCUPATION.

ABODE.

W-Continued.

Williamson, Stuart....... Wilson, George

Wilson, Gordon Harold.... Wilson, John

Wilton, Richard James Winkler, Cornelis

Wiseman, J. O).

Witchell, Job...... Wolfers, Marcel

Wolff, Philip Robert ... Wondenberg, Gerardus Wong, Edwin Chun Wong, Joseph Mowlam.....

Wong Kam-fuk

Wong Kwong-tin,

Wong Min

Wong, Peter

Wong Ping-shun

Wong Po-ki

Wong Tak-kwong,.

*Wood, Gerald George

Wood, Marshall Wotherspoon, William

X

Xavier, Antonio Francisco Xavier, Domingos Xavier, Epiphanio Maria Xavier, Gregorio Maria Xavier, Hermenegildo

Innocencio

Xavier, Hermenegildo Maria. Xavier, José Maria

Xavier, José Paulino.. Xavier, Luiz Gonzaga

Xavier, Michael Antony Xavier, Pedro Nolasco

Y

Young, Charles

Young, Cyril Roe Muston... *Young, David................

Young, Joseph

Young, Lawrence

Yvanovich, Jr., Guilherme

Antonio

Moller & Co.,

Clerk, British-American Tobacco Co., La., Merchant, Robertson, Wilson & Co., Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Chief Engineer, HK. Tramway Co., Assistant, Java-China-Japan Lijn,... Acet., International Banking Corporation, Manager, King Edward Hotel, Accountant, Banque Industrielle de

Chine,

Chief Clerk, HK. & K. W. & G. Co., Ld., Assistant, Holland China Trading Co., Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld., Manager, A. S. Watson &· Co., Ld.,

Chinese Department,

Compradore, HK. & K. W. & G. Co., Ld., Secretary, Kai Tak Land Investment Co.,

Ld.,

Chief Clerk, China Light & Power Co.,

Ld.,

Assistant, A. S. Watson & Co., Ld., Compradore, P. & O. S. N. Co...... Assistant, Standard Oil Co.,...... Manager, Fung Tang,

Civil Engineer, Leigh & Orange, Architect, Little, Adams & Wood, Clerk, Taikoo Dockyard,

Clerk, Goddard & Douglas, Assistant, Wiseman Ld.,

Chief Clerk, Banque de l'Indo-Chine,.. Clerk, Gas Co.,

Asst., Union Ince. Soety. of Cantor, Ld., Clerk, HK. Tramway Co., Ld., Merchant, HK. Import & China Produce

Export Co.,......

Clerk, Chartered Bank of I. A. & C.,. Clerk, Banque de l'Indo-Chine, Articled, L. A. Rose, Architect,... Clerk, HK. Rope Factory,

Assistant, Taikoo Sugar Refinery, Assistant, Butterfield & Swire, Storekeeper, Taikoo Dockyard, Accountant, Percy Smith, Seth & Fleming, Assistant, Thos. Cook & Son,

Accountant, P. A. Lapicque & Co.,

Yvanovich, Philippe Antonio.. Assistant, J. D. Hutchison & Co., Yvanovich, Vicente Antonio...] Clerk, Russo-Asiatic Bank,................

י,

|

On premises.

4 Lower Mosque Terrace. Woodbury, Pokfulum. Hongkong Club.

Ridge House, Happy Valley. York Building. On premises. On premises.

53 Mount Kellett Road, The Peak. 1 Louren Villas, Kowloon. Harting, Kimberley Road, Kowloon. Kowloon Dispensary.

On premises.

11 Arbuthnot Road.

26 Des Voeux Road Central.

Nathan Road, Yaumati. Soda Water Depôt.

22 Des Voeux Road Central. On premises.

6 Queen's Road Central. Prince's Building.

18 Bank Building. Quarry Bay.

3 Ashley Terrace, Kowloon. 5 College View.

4A Mosque Terrace. 11 Hill Road.

On premises.

35 St. Francis Street.

113 Des Voeux Road Central. 9 Humphreys Avenue, Kowloon. 3 Humphreys Avenue, Kowloon. 16 Macdonnell Road.

26 Robinson Road.

Quarry Bay.

444 Nathan Road, Kowloon. Quarry Bay.

5 Queen's Road Central. Des Voeux Road Central.

Durbar House, Cameron Road,

Kowloon.

6 Granville Road, Kowloon. Durbar House, Cameron Road,

Kowloon.

Registry, Supreme Court, HONGKONG, 22nd February, 1918.

HUGH A. NISbet,

Registrar.

25

No.

2 1918

HONGKONG.

QUARTERLY RETURN OF EXCESSES ON SUB-HEADS MET BY

SAVINGS UNDER HEADS OF EXPENDITURE,

(For the 4th Quarter of 1917.)

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor, 23rd May, 1918.

Head and Sub-head of Service.

Amount.

(1.

Explanation.

Judicial and Legal Departments, C.-District

Office, South, Other Charges, Transport.

150.00

Under-estimated.

Police and Prison Departments, B.----Fire Brigade, Other Charges, Repairs to Engine and Plant.

800.00

Audit Department, Other Charges, Transport

and Travelling.

60.00

Under-estimated owing to extensive repairs to No. 2 Fire Float.

Under-estimated.

Owing to removal:-

Rent of New Office $65

Medical Department, Other Charges, Rent of

Office for Medical Officer, Kowloon.

37.94

per month.

Rent of Old Office $53

per month.

Medical Department, B.-Hospitals and Asy- lums, Other Charges, Rent of Temporary Dispensary, New Territories.

60.00

Rent increased from $10 to

$25.

Medical Department :-

C.-Health Officer of Port, Other Charges,

500.00

Coal.

B.-Hospitals and Asylums:--

Lunatic Asylum, Bedding and Cloth-

100.00

ing.

Victoria Hospital, Bedding and

350.00

Clothing.

D.-Institutes, Bacteriological Institute,

Animals and Fodder.

100.00

The excess under the vote for coal is due to the high price of coal, and for bed- ding and clothing is principally due to the in- creased cost of the materials for uniform and blankets, and that for animals and fodder due to the increased number of calves required for vaccine lymph.

1

Head and Sub-head of Service.

26

Amount.

A

C.

Explanation.

Police and Prison Departments, C.-Prison,

Other Charges, Clothing for Prisoners.

Medical Departinent:-

B.--Hospitals and Asylums, Civil Hospital, Other Charges, Bedding and Clothing. C.--Office of Health Officer of Port, Other

Charges, Incidental Expenses.

1,200.00 The excess in due to the in- creased price of flannel,

30.00

blankets, and towellings ordered through the Crown Agents, and the bought locally.

canvas

200.00 The excess under the vote bedding and clothing is due to outfit allowances for two Japanese Nurses who arrived in the Colony on the 30th October, 1917, and for incidental expenses due to the increase in cost of stores and materials for uniform.

Kowloon-Canton Railway, General Charges,

Other Charges:

Medicine.

Working Expenses, Loco Carriage and

Wagon Expenses, Stationery.

Materials for Repairs and Renewals,

Locomotives.

Harbour Master's Department, E.-Gunpowder

Depôt, Other Charges, Repairs to Boats.

Harbour Master's Department, B.---Mercantile Marine Office, Other Charges, Uniform for Messengers.

Under-estimated.

Do.

50.00

25.00

500.00 | Owing to repairs to Loco- motive No. 6 damaged in

a collision at Lowu on 29th October, 1917.

100.00 Under-estimated.

3.38

Do.

Colonial Secretary's Office, Other Charges:-

Incidentals.

50.00

Do.

Uniform for Office Attendants and Messen-

gers.

50.00

Do.

Education Department, Queen's College, Other

Charges, Electric Fans and Light.

72.99 Considered necessary.

Sanitary Department, Other Charges:-

Advertisements.

Launch, Steam Barges, etc., Coal. Street Watering.

Harbour Master's Deptarment, A.-Harbour Office, Other Charges, Examination Fees.

Post Office, Other Charges, Purchase of a

Typewriter.

Post Office, Other Charges, Launch, Coal.

Colonial Secretary's Office, Other Charges,

Incidental Expenses.

200.00

4,000.00

250.00

Owing to the increased cost of coal during 2nd half-year and increased coal con- sumption of the new and larger steam barge.

150.00 Under-estimated.

204.00 Owing to increase of work.

350.00 Under-estimated owing to the

increased cost of coal.

50.00 Under-estimated.

Head and Sub-head of Service.

27

Amount.

C.

Explanation.

Audit Department, Other Charges, Incidental

Expenses.

Kowloon-Canton Railway, Loco Carriage and

Wagon Expenses, Other Charges, Coal.

Police and Prison Departments, A.-Police,

Other Charges, Ammunition.

60.00 Under-estimated.

550.00 Under-estimated owing to the increase in the price of coal.

210.00 Under-estimated.

Harbour Master's Department, A.--Harbour

Office, Other Charges, 2 Boats.

265.00

Do.

Education, 4.-Department of Director of Education, Other Charges, Un Long School, Incidental Expenses.

26.25

Do.

Education, B.-Technical Institute, Other

Charges, Electric Fans and Light.

12.27

Do.

Judicial and Legal Departments, C.--District

Office, Other Charges, Transport.

59.93

Do.

Harbour Master's Department, D.-Steam

Launches, Other Charges, Repairs.

696.00

Do.

Public Works Department, Other Charges,

Conveyance Allowance.

149.15

Education, B.--Technical Institute, Other

Charges, Equipment of Classes.

Education, A.-Department of Director of Education, Cheung Chow School, Other Charges, Incidental Expenses.

Extra conveyance allowance to Messrs. Kynoch and Pryde for doing extra work.

9.18 Under-estimated.

8.19

Do.

Kowloon-Canton Railway, Working Expenses, General Charges, Other Charges, Electric Fans and Light.

13.00

Do.

Medical Department, B.--Hospitals and Asy-

lums, Other Charges:-

Bedding and Clothing.

350.00

Civil Hospital, Provisions.

800.00

Do.,

Furniture.

100.00

Lunatic Asylum, Other Charges,

Provisions.

60.00

The increased expenditure- under the vote for bedding and clothing is due to the higher cost of some articles obtained through the Crown Agents and the ex- cess for provisions both in the Civil Hospital and the Lunatic Asylum is due to a greater number of patients on European diet and special diet.

The excess under the vote for furniture is due to certain

necessary repairs which were unforeseen.

Head and Sub-head of Service.

28

Amount.

JA

$

C.

Explanation.

Harbour Master's Department, A.-Harbour

Office, Other Charges, Examination Fee.

15.00 Under-estimated.

315.35

Do.

Harbour Master's Department, D.-Steam

Launches, Other Charges, Repairs.

Education Department, Queen's College, Other

Charges:

Electric Fans and Light. Incidental Expenses.

58.11

Do.

25.14

Do.

Post Office, Other Charges, Incidental Ex-

35.00

Do.

penses.

Public Works Department, Other Charges,

Incidental Expenses.

Public Works Department, Other Charges,

Conveyance Allowance.

Kowloon-Canton Railway, Maintenance of Way, Works, and Other Stations, Other Charges, Repairs of Station.

Judicial and Legal Departments, District

Office, North, Other Charges, Transport.

33.60

Do.

29.02 Extra conveyance allowance to Mr. D. J. Santos and Mr. D. J. M. Fernandez for doing extra work.

71.04 Under-estimated.

*10.85

Do.

7th March, 1918.

CLAUD SEVERN,

Colonial Secretary.

F

29

No.

3

1918

HONGKONG.

QUARTERLY RETURN OF EXCESSES ON SUB-HEADS MET BY

SAVINGS UNDER HEADS OF EXPENDITURE.

(For the 1st Quarter of 1918.)

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor, 23rd May, 1918.

Head and Sub-head of Service.

Amount.

Explanation.

S

Medical Department, C.-Office of Health Officer of Port, Other Charges, Rent.

Public Works Department, Other Charges,

Conveyance Allowance.

18.60

Under Ordinance No. IS of

1917.

180.00

No provision in the Esti-

Miscellaneous Services, Printing and Binding,

Civil Service List, 1918.

36.00

mates.

Under-estimated.

Public Works Department, Other Charges,

Conveyance Allowance.

86.61

Former allowance considered

inadequate.

Police and Prison Departments, A.-Police, Other Charges, Grants to villages in New Territories in aid of Scout Scheme.

200.00

With a view to saveguarding

the places.

Public Works Department, Other Charges,

Conveyance Allowance.

16.33

Public Works Department, Other Charges,

Conveyance Allowance.

244.00

19th April, 1918.

Extra conveyance allowance to Mr. Pryde for doing extra work in addition to his own.

No provision in the Esti-

mates.

CLAUD SEVERN,

Colonial Secretary.

35

HONGKONG.

No.

6 1913

QUARTERLY RETURN OF EXCESSES ON SUB-HEADS MET BY

SAVINGS UNDER HEADS OF EXPENDITURE.

(For the 2nd Quarter of 1918.)

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor, 29th August, 1918.

Head and Sub-head of Service.

Amount.

Sanitary Department, Other Charges, General

Cleansing, Chinese New Year.

27.00

Colonial Secretary's Department, Other

Charges, Typewriter.

$1.30

Public Works Establishment, Other Charges,

Conveyance Allowance.

135.00

Supreme Court, Other Charges, Furniture.

24.17

Judicial and Legal Departments, C.-District Office, Other Charges, Southern District.

Supreme Court, Other Charges, Fees to Coun- sel and Solicitors for Prisoners in Capital Cases.

Medical Department, D.--Institutes, Other Charges, Preparation of anti-menigococine

serum.

Harbour Master's Department, A.-Harbour Office, Other Charges, Fees to Un-official Members of Marine Court.

118.91

125.00

Explanation.

Due to increase of work in the general cleansing be- fore the Chinese New Year.

Owing to increase of type-

writing work.

Conveyance allowance to Mr. Jones not provided for in the Estimates for 1918.

The excess is occasioned by the purchase of two new cupboards for keeping Pro- bate files.

Due to increase of typewrit-

ing work.

Under-estimated owing to

more murder cases tried.

800.00

Owing to the outbreak of Spinal Fever in the Colony.

200.00

Under-estimated.

Head and Sub-head of Service.

1

36

Public Works Establishment, Other Charges,

Conveyance Allowance.

Amount.

Explanation.

166.94

Kowloon-Canton Railway, Traffic Expenses, Other Charges, Fittings and Furniture.

1.20

Medical Department, B. Hospitals and Asy- 2,000.00

lums, Kennedy Town Hospital, Other Charges, Provisions, &c.

Harbour Master's Department, C.-Govern- ment Marine Surveyor's Office, Other Charges, Incidental Expenses.

16th August, 1918.

Extra conveyance allowance to Messrs. Dickson and Fung Tsun for doing extra work owing to shortage of staff.

Under-estimated.

Under-estimated.

150.00

Under-estimated.

CLAUD SEVERN,

Colonial Secretary.

85

No.

11 1918

HONGKONG.

QUARTERLY RETURN OF EXCESSES ON SUB-HEADS MET BY

SAVINGS UNDER HEADS OF EXPENDITURE,

(For the 3rd Quarter of 1918.)

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Officer Administering the Government, 10th December, 1918.

Head and Sub-head of Service.

Amount.

c.

Explanation.

Police and Prison Departments, A.-Police,

Motor Cycle.

Audit Department, Other Charges, Transport

and Travelling.

Kowloon-Canton Railway, Loco Carriage and Wagon Expenses, Other Charges, Uniform for Drivers, Firemen, Pointsmen, and Watchmen.

Medical Department, D.-Institutes, Other

Charges, Fuel and Light.

Harbour Master's Department, F.-Light, Other Charges, Upkeep of Aga Lights for Fairway Buoys, Cust Rock Buoy, and Harbour of Refuge.

Harbour Master's Department, F.-Kapsing Island Lighthouse, Other Charges, Inci- dental Expenses.

Attorney General's Office, Other Charges, In-

cidental Expenses.

Post Office, Other Charges, Purchase of Safe.

Kowloon-Canton Railway, General Charges,

Other Charges, Medical Stores.

500.00 Considered necessary.

300.00 Under-estimated owing to the increase of staff, and the consequent increase of travelling.

56.00 Under-estimated.

350.00 Under-estimated owing to the

high price of coal.

750.00 Under-estimated.

50.00

Do.

70.00

Do.

323.00 In place of an unserviceable

one.

167.34 Under-estimated.

A

Head and Sub-head of Service.

86

Amount.

c.

Explanation.

Kowloon-Canton Railway, General Charges,

Other Charges:-

Coal for Heating Apparatus in Stores. Electric Fans and Light.

Traffic Expenses, Electric Fans and Light.

Police and Prison Departments, A.-Police,

Other Charges, Rent of Office.

Education, A.-Department of Director of Education, Other Charges, Grants, Grant in aid of Rent.

Imports and Exports Department, Other Charges

Conveyance Allowance.

Public Works Department, Other Charges,

Conveyance Allowance.

Public Works Department, Other Charges,

Conveyance Allowance.

Police and Prison Departments, A.-Police, Grants to Villagers in New Territories in aid of Village Scout Scheme.

Education Department, Other Charges, Grants,

Grant in aid of Rent.

Harbour Master's Department, F.-Ma Wan Lighthouse, Other Charges, Coal, Paraffin, and Stores.

Military Expenditure, B.-Defence Corps,

Other Charges, Electric Fans and Light.

Judicial and Legal Departments, B.-Magis- tracy, Other Charges, Incidental Expenses.

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs, Other Charges,

Typewriter.

Police and Prison Departments, C.-Prison,

Other Charges, Light.

Medical Department, D.-Institutes, Bacterio- logical Institute and Mortuaries, Other Charges:-

50.00 Under-estimated.

220.00

80.00

Do.

Do.

360.00 Additional Office Rent for

D.S.P. (R.)

204.00 Rent Grant for St. Joseph's

College.

65.00 Under-estimated.

· 45.00

Do.

75.00

Do.

136.44 Considered necessary.

1,500.00 Under-estimated.

150.00

Do.

400.00 The extra expenditure not estimated for was the cost of renewing lamps and wiring at Headquarters.

100.00 Under-estimated.

144.58 To replace a worn-out one.

500.00 Substitution of electric lights for oil lamps in New Hall, Victoria Goal.

Incidental Expenses.

50.00

Under-estimated.

Preparation of Viri, Vaccines, and

Sera.

170.00

Do.

Head and Sub-head of Service.

1

87

Amount.

€-

C.

Explanation.

Police and Prison Departments, A.-Police,

Other Charges:

Cleansing Materials and Washing. Launches and Boats Repairs.

225.00 Under-estimated.

3,000.00

Do.

Education, B.-Technical Institute, Other

Charges.

118.50

Do.

Harbour Master's Department, F.-Black- heads Hill Lighthouse, Other Charges, Acetylene Gas.

180.00

Do.

16th November, 1918.

A. G. M. FLETCHER, Colonial Secretary.

31

No.

4

1918

HONGKONG.

EXTRACTS FROM TREASURY MINUTES DATED 31ST DECEMBER, 1917, AND 9TH JANUARY, 1918.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor, 23rd May, 1918.

TREASURY MINUTE, DATED 31ST DECEMBER, 1917.

*

*

*

certain

1 in 3406 17.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer reminds the Board that the further gifts recited C... below have been made to His Majesty's Government by British Colonies and Dependencies, to be applied in the prosecution of the present war.

*

*

*

Hongkong. The Legislative Council of Hongkong, by Ordinance No. 12 of 1916, passed on the 20th October, 1916, made provision for raising and has raised locally a loan of $3,000,000, the entire proceeds of which have, in virtue of the same Ordinance, been placed at the disposal of His Majesty's Government for the prosecution of the pre- sent war. The Legislative Council further decided in January, 1917, to contribute $2,000,000 from the Colony's revenues for Imperial War purposes.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer states that, in order best to meet the desires of the donors, the sums already received, except so far as otherwise specified, have been paid into the Exchequer for application towards the general expenses of the war.

My Lords approve.

Their Lordships thanks have been conveyed through the Secretary of State for the Colonies to the Legislatures of the Colonies and Dependencies concerned but Their Lordships avail themselves of this opportunity to place once more upon record their appreciation of these spontaneous and generous contributions towards the expenses of the war.

Let the necessary directions be given accordingly.

*

*

Let copies of this Minute be forwarded to

the Secretary of State for the Colonies for transmission to the Legislatures of the Colonies and Dependencies concerned.

31741 17.

*

*

TREASURY MINUTE, DATED 9TH JANUARY, 1918.

My Lords read again paragraph 13 of Their Minute of the 31st December, 1917, Cs.o with reference to the war contributions of the Colony of Hongkong.

C.S.O. 3352/14.

}

1

The Chancellor of the Exchequer now states to the Board that by Ordinance No. 18 of 1917, passed on the 8th June, 1917, the Legislative Council of Hongkong made pro- vision for levying a special war rate of 7 per centum per annum to be payable from the 1st July, 1917, and to continue to be payable until the end of the quarter during which the war shall come to an end in respect of the valuation of every tenement in the places specified in the schedule of the said Ordinance.

By virtue of section 7 of the said Ordinance the revenue collected by means of this rate is to be placed at the disposal of His Majesty's Government for the prosecution of the war.

The Chancellor recommends that all sums received in respect of this further con- tribution from the Colony shall be paid into the Exchequer for application towards expenditure on the war.

My Lords concur and desire that the necessary directions be given from time to time as the money becomes available.

The thanks of Their Lordships have already been conveyed to the Legislative Council. by the Secretary of State for the Colonies, but Their Lordships are glad to avail Them- selves of this opportunity of placing on record Their appreciation of this spontaneous and generous gift.

Let a copy of this Minute be forwarded to the Under Secretary of State Colonial Office, for transmission to the Legislative Council of Hongkong, and let copies thereof be presented to both Houses of Parliament by His Majesty's Command.