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Sessional Papers - 1899

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PAPERS LAID BEFORE THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL OF HONGKONG 1899

Table of Contents

1. Arms Consolidation Ordinance

Petition With Reference to Bill

2. Assessment

Report for 1899-1900

3. Botanical and afforestation

Report for 1898

4. Chinese Revenue in Hongkong

Correspondence Regarding Protection of

5. Coroner's Returns

For 1898

6. Criminal Statistics

For 1898

7. Education

Reports for 1898

8. Extension of Colony of Hongkong

Papers Relating to

9. Finance Committee

Reports of Proceedings of, for 1898

10. Financial Returns

For 1898

11. Financial Returns

To accompany Draft Estimates for 1900

12. Fire Brigade

Report for 1898

13. Gaol

Report for 1898

14. Harbour Master's Report

For 1898

15. Law Committee

Report of Proceedings of, for 1898

16. Legislative Council

Minutes of Proceedings of, for 1898

17. Loan, 1893

Return of Expenditure of

18. Medical Department

Report for 1898

19. Medical Department

Statement of Revenue and Cost of

20. Military Expenditure

Statement of

21. Miscellaneous Services

Statement of Extra Expenditure Under

22. New Territory

Despatch Respecting Disturbances in

23. New Territory

Papers in Connection With Disturbances in

24. New Territory

English Translations of Proclamations

25. New Territory

Statement of Expenditure

26. Orservatory

Report for 1898

27. Piers Ordinance, 1899

Petition against Second Reading of

28. Plague

Return of Cases of

29. Plague

Statement of Expenditure on

30. Po Leung Kuk

Report for 1898

31. Police

Report for 1898

32. Post office

Report for 1898

33. Post office Revenue and Expenditure

Statement of

34. Public Works

Report for 1898

35. Public Works Committee

Report of Proceedings of, for 1898

36. Refuse Destructor

Report on Proposed Erection of a

37. Registrar General's Report

For 1898

38. Salaries, Pensions and Exchange Compensation

Statement of

39. Sanitary

Report for 1898

40. School of Tropical Medicine

Despatch With Reference to Contribution towards

41. Subsidiary Coinage

Report of Committee on

42. Volunteer Corps (Hongkong)

Despatches Relative to Services Rendered By

43. Volunteer Corps (Hongkong)

Report on the, for Season 1898-99

44. Water account

Statement of, for 1898

45. Widows & Orphans' Fund

Report on the, for 1898

 

Y

}

To

:

493

No.

29

99

HONGKONG.

PETITION WITH REFERENCE TO THE BILL ENTITLED "AN ORDINANCE TO AMEND THE ARMS CONSOLIDATION ORDINANCE, 1895."

Presented to the Legislative Council.

In the matter of the Arms Consolidation Ordinance, 1895,

and

In the matter of a proposed Ordinance to amend the Arms

Consolidation Ordinance, 1895.

His Excellency Sir HENRY BLAKE, G.C.M.G.,

Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Colony of Hongkong and Vice-Admiral of the same,

And to the Legislative Council of the said Colony.

Respectfully Sheweth :-

The Humble Petition of The Tung Tak firm of No. 191 Queen's Road Central, The Yow Foo firm of No. 356 Queen's Road Central, The Chee Yau firm of No. 230 Queen's Road Central, The Fook Lung firm of No. 14 Fat Hing Street, The Tak Lung firm of No. 322 Queen's Road Central, The Wing Tack firm of No. 16 Queen's Road West, The Luen Wo firm of No. 12 Queen's Road West, The Cheung Tai firm of No. 140 Praya West, The Tung Sing firm of No. 54 Queen's Road West, and the Kwong Tak Cheong firm of No. 215 Queen's Road West, all of Victoria, in the Colony of Hongkong, Arms Dealers.

1. That your Petitioners are dealers in arms as defined by section 3 of Ordinance No. 8 of 1895 carrying on business in the Colony of Hongkong at the respective addresses above mentioned.

2. That at the present time there are eleven Chinese firms licensed under the said Ordinance No. 8 of 1895 at Victoria aforesaid carrying on the said business of dealers in arms of whom your l'etitioners are ten, the remaining firm being the Yow Cheong firm of No. 206 Queen's Road Central, Victoria aforesaid.

3. That at the present time your Petitioners, in accordance with the provisions of section 10 of the said Ordinance No. 8 of 1895, pay to the Government of this Colony an annual fee of $10 in respect of the licence to deal in arms granted to them under section 10 of the said Ördinance No. 8 of 1895.

4. That your petitioners are informed that a Bill entitled "An Ordinance to amend the Arms Consolidation Ordinance, 1895," has been recently introduced into the Legislative Council of this Colony and was read a first time by the said Conncil on the 20th June, 1899, whereby it is proposed to enact (inter alia) that [section 3] section 10 of Ordinance No. 8 of 1895 shall be thereby repealed and in lieu thereof the following section substituted :-

"Every importer of or dealer in arms shall take out a licence annually and shall register his name and place of business for the time being, and any godown, warehouse or other place in which he stores or intends to store arms, at the Office of the Captain Superintendent of Police. Any importer of or dealer in arms not taking out such licence as aforesaid or not register- ing as aforesaid shall be liable, on summary conviction, to a fine not exceed- ing two thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months. From and after the commencement of this Ordinance the fee payable for such licence as aforesaid shall be $1,200 per annum payable in advance, but no person, who at the date of the commencement of this

1

494

Ordinance possesses a valid and unexpired licence for importing or dealing in arms, need take out a new licence under this Ordinance until the expira- tion of his current licence."

""

5. That the "Objects and Reasons" annexed to the said Bill as printe and publishe

in The Hongkong Government Gazette of the 24th June, 1899, contain (inter alia) the following statement only with regard to the proposed annual licence fee of $1,200 per annum, viz. :—

66

(3.) To raise the annual licence fe: from the sum of $10 to $1,200.” 6. That your petitioners respectfully beg to protest against the imposition of such pro- posed annual fee of $1,200 on the grounds that it is excessive and prohibitive and that no sufficient reasons for the imposition there of are given in the said Objects and Reasons" and more particularly on the grounds and for the reasons

hereinafter set forth.

7. That in this Colony the business of dealers in aras is, as comparel with other forms of business carried on therein, extraordinarily hampered and curtailed primarily through the provisions of the said Ordinance No. 8 of 1895 which so fetters and confines the said business as to deprive it of that freedon which is usually enjoyed by other forms of business in this Colony and which your Peti- tioners submit it is the policy of the British Empire to ensure to its subjects.

8. That one of the practical results of the provisions of section 6 of the said Ordinance No. 8 of 1895 is to debar your Petitioners from retailing any of their stock-in- trade within this Colony or its Dependencies owing to the fact that all purchasers must possess a valid licence to carry or possess arms as more particularly stated in the said section and in consequence almost the sole form of business open to your Petitioners consists in the export trade in connection therewith.

9. That such export trade is almost wholly confined to the Portuguese Colony of

Macao and to the City of Canton, in the Empire of China, and is in itself rendered difficult and troublesome owing to the provisions of the said Ordinance No. 8 of 1895 and more particularly of section 6 thereof which requires that a permit from the Captain Superintendent of Police must be obtained by the exporter in respect of each and every shipment made by him and particulars of such shipment given before such permit can be obtained, and in addition that in such cases as relate to shipments to places within the jurisdiction of the Emperor of China a further permit must first be obtained from the proper official at such place before the shipment can be made.

10. That as a result of the general restrictions put upon the said business the volume thereof is unreasonably curtailed and reduced and the profits derived by your Petitioners therefrom are precarious and small, and in the event of the imposition of such licence fee of $1,200 as aforesaid none of your Petitioners would be in a position to pay the same and they would be driven to close their respective businesses in this Colony.

1

11. That should such licence fee be imposed it is the present intention of your Peti- tioners to remove their respective businesses to the said colony of Macao there to pursue the same.

12. That your Petitioners respectfully beg to lay before you the conditions under which similar businesses to their own can be carried on in the said colony of Macao, where the licence to dealers in arms amounts to $2.50 per annum, where there are no regulations or restrictions such as are in existence in this Colony, where the retail business is unfettered (there being no farm or monopoly in respect of the dealing in arms), and where no permits save the said licence are required. 13. That owing to the conditions under which similar businesses can be carried on in the said colony of Macao and the consequent favourable terms upon which such businesses are enabled to compete with your Petitioners, they are unable to charge such prices for their goods as would enable them to make a fair and reasonable profit in their said businesses and so place them in a position to meet such licence fee of $1,200 as aforesaid if imposed.

14. That the result of the closing of your Petitioners' said businesses in this Colony consequent upon the imposition of such licence fee of $1,200 as aforesaid would be to put a practical stop to the business of dealing in arms in this Colony and would lead to the transfer to the said colony of Macao of the trade which this Colony enjoys in connection therewith.

495

15. And, lastly, that your Petitioners have large stocks ordered from Europe and partly in course of transit to this Colony and have further entered into contracts for the sale thereof or of a part thereof; and that heavy losses would result to your l'etitioners in connection with the foregoing in the event of the closing of their said businesses which would be occasioned by the imposition of such licence fee of $1,200 as aforesaid.

Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray Your Excellency that the existing annual licence fee for dealers in arms as provided by section 10 of Ordinance No. 8 of 1895 be not increased and that the proposed fee of $1,200 be not imposed; and further that Your Excel-

lency may be pleased to take such other action in the premises as to Your Excellency may scen fit. And your Petitioners as in duty bound will ever pray, &c.

Dated this 8th day of July, 1899.

永伍网林興伍

林興伍有何 德深德義和桂箏世

同雷市

聰盛銓

祥泰號

兩徒華

致仁義記

伍聰學

福隆

廣陳

關樑

廣德昌隆記

陳逢桂

德隆泰記

{

HONGKONG.

REPORT ON THE ASSESSMENT FOR 1899-1900.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor.

489

No. 28

99

SIR,

ASSESSOR'S Office, HONGKONG, 20th July, 1899.

-I have the honour to submit my Report on the Assessment for the year 1899-1900.

2. The City of Victoria.-The result of the new Valuation is that the Rateable Value of the City of Victoria is, in the list which came into force on the 1st instant, $4,241,919 as compared with last year's (1898-99) Assessment $3,828,577, an increase in Rateable Value of $413,342 equivalent to 10.79 per cent.

3. The Hill District.-The Rateable Value of the Hill District is now $149,875 against $138,765 last year-an increase of $11,110 or 8.00 per cent.

4. Hongkong Villages.-The Rateable Value of the Hongkong Villages has risen from $172,543 to $176,063—an increase of $3,520 or 2.04 per cent.

5. Kowloon Point.-The Rateable Value of the District known as Kowloon Point has increased from $137,335 to $144,530-a difference of $7,195 equal to 5.23 per cent.

6. Kowloon Villages.-The Rateable Value of the Villages comprising the remainder of British Kowloon is now $274,447 as compared with $244,727 last year-an increase of $29,720 or 12.14 per cent.

7. The Whole Colony.-The Rateable Value of the whole Colony is now $4,986,834 as com- pared with last year's Assessment of $4,521,947—an increase of $464,887 or 10.27 per cent.

8. Interim Valuations.-During the period from 1st July, 1898, to 1st June, 1899, Interim Valuations have been made as follows:-

In the City of Victoria.

222 new and/or rebuilt tenements, rateable value,

$ 200,035

62 improved tenements, rateable value,.

Replacing Assessments, amounting to...

$55,590 40,950

14,640

214,675

64 Assessments cancelled, tenements pulled down, or being in

other respects not rateable,.....

36,695

$177,980

Increase in City of Victoria,

In the rest of the Colony.

156 new and/or rebuilt tenements, rateable value,

$ 34,238

60 improved tenements, rateable value,.......

$12,013

Replacing Assessments, amounting to

8,186

3,827

38,065

89 Assessments cancelled, tenements pulled down, or being

in other respects not rateable,

15,671

Increase in Rest of Colony,

22,394

The total number of tenements affected by Interim Valuations being 653 and the increase in Rateable Value $200,374.

9. Vacant Tenements.-The number of reported vacant tenements in the City of Victoria inspected under section 35 of the Rating Ordinance averaged about 85 monthly against 125 last year.

490

10. Appeals.-Notices of Appeal under section 15 of the Rating Ordinance were lodged against the assessments of eleven tenements. The appeals were heard by the Court on 21st June, and resulted in a reduction in Rateable Value amounting to $370.

11. Tabular Statements.-The usual tabular statements giving comparisons of the Valuation for 1898-99 and the new Valuation for 1899-1900 are attached.

12. Staff-There has been no change in the Staff during the year. Mr. CHAU YUNG-CHEUNG, Clerk, and Mr. CHEUNG YUK-FAI have discharged their duties to my satisfaction. I would again respectfully suggest that the salaries of these officers should be increased. The pay of clerk and interpreter is the same now as it was in 1888. C.S.O. 85.

95

1899.

13. New Territories.-I would draw attention to the positions of Kowloon City, Kowloon Tong, and Chinese Sham Shui Po, which are now merged into the original British Kowloon Peninsula, and would suggest that the whole of these should be treated, for Rating purposes, in the same manner as the other villages in the peninsula. In the case of Chinese Sham Shui Po, which was formerly sepa- rated from British Sham Shui Po or Fuk Tsun Heung by a bamboo fence, now removed, houses in Fuk Tsun Heung are charged rates, whereas those on the Sham Shui Po side of the boundary are free. I have ascertained from the Land Office that there are between 250 and 300 owners of property in Chinese Sham Shui Po.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

The Honourable

A. M. THOMSON,

Colonial Treasurer.

Table A.

THE CITY OF VICTORIA.

:

ARTHUR CHAPMAN,

Assessor.

VALUATION,

No.

DISTRICT NAME.

1898-1899.

VALUATION, 1899-1900.

INCREASE.

DECREASE.

PERCENT-

AGE.

$

$

$

$

%

1 Kennedy Town,

63,780

76,445

12,665

2 Shek Tong Tsui,

147,274

159,654

12,380

3

Sai Ying Pun,

834,290

882,495

48,205

4

Tai Ping Shan,

326,680

363,640

36,960

5

Sheung Wan, ..........

500,381

537,685

37,304

6

Chung Wan,

1,535,742

1,755,970

220,228

my

Ha Wan,

158,855

178,895

20,040

A

8

Wan Tsai,

142,405

165,035

22,630

9

Bowrington,

44,115

39,120

4,995

10

Soo Kon Poo,

75,055

82,980

7,925

$

3,828,577

4,241,919

418,337

4,995

Deduct Decrease,.....

4,995

Total Increase,

413,342

10.79

DISTRICT.

The Hill District,....

Hongkong Villages,

Table B.

THE HILL DISTRICT AND HONGKONG VILLAGES.

DISTRICT.

$

491

VALUATION,

VALUATION,

INCREASE.

PERCENTAGE.

1898-1899.

1899-1900.

$

$

$

138,765

149,875

11,110

8.00

172,543

176,063

3,520

2.04

311,308

325,938

14,630

4.69

Table C.

KOWLOON POINT AND KOWLOON VILLAGES.

Kowloon Point,

Kowloon Villages,

$

ਚੰਡ

VALUATION,

VALUATION,

INCREASE.

PERCENTAGE.

1898-1899.

1899-1900.

$

$

137,335

144,530

7,195

5.23

244,727

274,447

29,720-

12.14

382,062

418,977

36,915

9.66

Table D.

THE COLONY OF HONGKONG.

DISTRICT.

VALUATION, 1898-1899.

VALUATION, 1899-1900.

INCREASE.

PERCENTAGE.

$

%

The City of Victoria,

3,828,577

4,241,919

413,342

10.79

Hill District and Hongkong Villages,

311,308

325,938

14,630

4.69

Kowloon Point and Kowloon Villages,

382,062

418,977

36,915

9.66

$

4,521,947

4,986,834

464,887

10.27

<

HONGKONG.

331

No. 17

99

No. 24.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE BOTANICAL AND AFFORESTATION

DEPARTMENT FOR 1898.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor.

BOTANICAL AND AFFORESTATION DEPARTMENT, HONGKONG, 13th May, 1899.

Sir, I have the honour to submit the usual annual Returns and my Report on the work of this department for 1898.

STAFF.

2. The Assistant Superintendent was absent on leave from February 19th, 1898, to February 17th, 1899, during which time I performed his duties (in addition to my own) without remuneration.

3. The first clerk, HUI WA, was detected of embezzlement and he absconded in June; in Nov- ember he was apprehended, convicted, and sentenced to imprisonment. He was succeeded by the second clerk, Mr. WONG KWONG-MING, whose place was filled by Mr. WONG LUN-I.

4. The Head Forester, Mr. LOA QUAI, resigned on April 15th in order to commence business on his own account. He was succeeded by the second forester, Mr. SUEN TUNG. Both these men had been trained from boys in the department.

5. There was an aggregate of 380 days sickness amongst the Chinese staff of 53. Leave of a few days each was granted to 30 of the men.

6. We continue at a great disadvantage by the large number of changes in the coolie ranks of the staff, and also by the impossibility of obtaining any men who have previously had any experience of garden or forestry work; our supplies have to be drawn from the class of coolies ordinarily employed as earth coolies.

There were 18 changes of men during the year. I am frequently applied to by members of the community for gardeners to fill places, but as we cannot secure a sufficiency of trained men for our- selves it is impossible to provide any for others, however much I should wish to do so.

REVENUE.

7. The receipts were:-

From Plant Sales

""

Loan of Plants. Forestry Products

$674.46 202.02

444.51

Total............$1,320.99

BOTANIC GARDENS.

IMPROVEMENTS.

8. The old Aviary which I mentioned in my last Report as being dilapidated and unsuitable has been removed, and a new and larger one has been constructed on its site. The new one is 60 feet long by 28 feet wide; it is divided into seven distinct compartments, each one having a yard enclosed with wire netting nine feet in height, and an enclosure at the back for shelter and shade for the birds during rain and sunshine. The floor is raised about two feet from the ground. The roof is flat except that of the two end compartments, which is a ridge, and the middle one, which is a semi-circle, the highest part being 15 feet from the floor. The wire netting is stretched over bar and angle-iron framework. The back which affords shelter for the birds is constructed of brickwork.

There is no woodwork except the divisions within the brickwork shelters, so that the structure will require only very trifling expenditure to maintain it, and it is, also, proof against rats and other vermin, which were very troublesome in the old structure.

The compartments are fairly filled with birds, but there is still room for further contributions, which would be thankfully received.

The aviary is a source of great interest to large numbers of visitors.

332

:

PLANT SHADING.

9. A section of WALTER & Co.'s wood roller blind shading was obtained from England for trial. It was fixed over a part of No. 10 plant-house, and it is successful, but it remains to be proved whe- ther it will ultimately prove more economical than drill shading which is used rather extensively.

The first cost of the lath shading deters me from using it generally.

10. The success which has followed the new split bamboo roof in place of reed shading over plant- house No. 3 justifies the construction of similar roofs over houses Nos. 1 and 2 as soon as there is an opportunity for doing so.

FLOWER BEDS AND BORDERS.

11. The various beds, &c. have been kept well filled and maintained. About 12,000 plants are used annually for this purpose only.

WATER SUPPLY.

12. During periods of drought, like that of the 1898-99 dry season, much inconvenience is experienced in that portion of the garden which is supplied from the Tytam water-works system when the water is turned on for only an hour or less, as it is impossible to accumulate in so short a time sufficient water in the tanks for our requirements, consequently water has to be carried at much ex- pense from Glenealy. If there is any probability of similar scarcity of water in future, it would be of advantage to the gardens and the water-works to conduct, by means of a small pipe from Glenealy to a point near the nursery, the water which at present runs to waste down the Glenealy nullah.

NOTES ON PLANTS.

13. Hippeastrum.-(Amaryllis). Named kinds of plants and plants raised from Veitch's select strain now flower freely; they are an immense improvement on the older varieties, which are being discarded now that there are sufficient of the superior kinds.

14. Nepenthes ventricosa, Blanco. In 1896 I was supplied with cuttings from the Philippine Islands by Mr. C. CUNDALL, of Manila, and Mr. H. HUMPHREYS, of Hongkong, of a pitcher plant which were struck and produced pitchers in 1898. A plant was sent to Kew in 1897 and it was there found on comparison with dried specimens to be N. ventricosa described by Blanco in 1837. It is a valu- able acquisition in cultivation, and it appears that it had not previously been introduced in a living state to England.

15. Lantana sp. var. Drap d'or. This is a dwarf variety with beautiful bright-yellow flowers obtained from Messrs. J. VEITCH & SONS, Chelsea. It thrives well here and is a useful addition.

16. Derris Fordii, Oliver. When this flowered last year it was a picture of beauty, the colours of the flowers, which were produced in the greatest profusion, are white and red.

The plant was discovered by myself on the Lienchau river in the Kwangtung province in 1887, and then introduced to Hongkong. It is well worth cultivating in tropical countries.

17. Rourea santaloides, W. & Arn. This is a lovely plant when in bloom, which when culti- vated as in these gardens is immensely improved in the quantity of flowers it bears to any wild speci- mens I have seen of it. It is indigenous to this island.

18. Rhodoleia Championi, Hook. Until last year it was not known that this beautiful tree existed in a wild state in any part of the world with the exception of four trees on one of the hills of Hongkong. It is of a genus which has only two known species, the one of Hongkong and another, R. Teysmanni, Mig., found in Sumatra. Last year Dr. A. HENRY sent as a donation about 1,174 species of dried plants which he had collected while at Mengtsze in Yunnan. I found amongst them specimens of this hitherto extremely rare tree.

The specimens before me are marked on Dr. HENRY'S labels as being from two different places, one of them being 5,000 ft. and the other 8,000 ft. above sea level, and are marked as 40 ft. and 50 ft. as the height of the trees respectively.

These two specimens and our own are all slightly different in both foliage and inflorescence, but possibly not of sufficient difference to constitute them more than varietal differences.

19. Illicium verum, Hook, f. Although so long ago as in 1888 when Sir JOSEPH HOOKER was able to figure the star anise plant, and to describe it under the above name, from plants which I had sent to Kew, and which proved that up to that time Illicium religiosum, Sieb, had always been wrongly credited as being the source of star anise of commerce, I notice that the French in Tonkin, where the plant is largely cultivated, appear to be still unaware of the fact, as the Tonkin newspapers still refer to it under the wrong name, and the same mistake is made in English literature in China. Sir JOSEPH HOOKER wrote fully on this plant under Tab. 7,005 in the Botanical Magazine for 1888.

20. Strawberries.—It may be useful to record here the great success achieved by a Chinese grower at Wongneichung, from whence a very liberal supply of excellent fruit has been sent to the market this year, and which was sold at prices which should encourage extended cultivation for market supply.

INTERCHANGE OF PLANTS AND SEEDs.

333

21. The chief donors were :-

Acclimatizing Association, South California.

Botanic Gardens, Bangalore.

"1

""

""

""

""

39

>>

Baroda, India.

Brisbane.

British Guiana.

Grenada.

Nagpur, India. Penang.

Royal, Calcutta.

Kew.

""

""

11

""

""

""

""

15

""

**

""

Sibpur, Calcutta.

Singapore.

Sydney.

Brown, Miss, Amoy.

Cundall, C. H., Manila.

22. The following were the principal recipients

Atkinson, Dr.

Barton, J.

Bathurst, Capt.

Botanic Gardens, Penang.

Dammann & Co., Italy.

Henry, Dr. A. Hillier, H. M. Hodgins, Capt. Humphreys, H.

Koebele, A., Honolulu. Lawford, Vincent, R.N. May, C.M.G., Hon. F. H. Pêché, G., Moulmein. Roebelin, C.

Stephens, M. J. D. Stephens, Mrs. S. R. Treseder & Co., Truro.

Veitch, J. & Sons., London.

Walker, Capt., Foochow.

Botanic Gardens, Royal, Calcutta.

""

"

Kew.

Imperial Department of Agriculture, Barbados. Cundall, C. H., Manila.

PLANT SALES.

23. The sum of $674.46 was taken for 2,959 plants sold, a small decrease on the figures for 1897 owing to sales to places out of Hongkong being discontinued as the resources for propagating and cultivating are not more than enough to supply local requirements.

LOAN OF PLants.

24. The number of plants lent to the public for decoration purposes was 3,898, for which $202 was charged, a very slight decrease on the previous year.

RAINFALL.

25. The rainfall recorded at the gardens was 65.99 inches in comparison with 110.27 of the previous year. The daily figures are given in Appendix A.

HERBARIUM AND LIBRARY.

26. We are indebted to Dr. A. HENRY, F.L.S., for a fine collection of 1,174 dried species of plants which were collected in Yunnan. These have all been poisoned, as well as other collections, but there has been no time to mount and incorporate them in the completed specimens.

27. Annual Reports, Bulletins, &c. have been received from the following Botanic Gardens and places :-

Amsterdam, British Guiana, Calcutta, Ceylon, England, Jamaica, Colonial Museum, Haarlem, Missouri, Mysore, Natal, New South Wales, Kew, Rio de Janeiro, Sahar unpur, Trinidad; the Agricultural Departments of Brisbane, Cape of Good Hope, Sydney, United States of America, University of California, Zanzibar, and Agri-Horticultural Society, Madras. Forest Administration in India from Ajmere Merwara, Bengal, Burma, Central Provinces, Coorg, Lower Provinces, Madras, North-West Provinces and Punjab.

28. The following works have also been added to the library :

Presented :-

Natal Plants, by Medley Wood.

Hooker's Icones Plantarum, by Bentham Trustees through Sir W. T. Thiselton-Dyer.

Flora British India, Parts XXIII and XXIV completing the work. From Sir W. T.

Thiselton-Dyer.

Purchased:

Flora Capensis, Part IV. Vol. VI and Part I. Vol. VII.

Gardeners' Chronicle, 1898.

Journal of Botany, 1898.

Botanical Magazine, 1898.

334

FORESTRY.

29. Appendix B gives the kinds and quantities of trees planted, the localities where, they were placed, and the approximate area occupied by them. The total number of trees planted is 33,923; they were planted in 17 different localities ranging over places as far as to Repulse Bay and Tytam Tuk.

THINNING OF PLANTATIONS.

30. The particulars are given in Appendix C. about half of the number being felled in Kowloon.

16,491 trees were removed from eight localities, These thinnings realised $444.51 net.

LANTANA.

31. This plant has established itself at the West end and in the Happy Valley. Nearly all of it on Crown lands was cut down during 1898 to keep it in check, as it is a troublesome weed when it encroaches on plantations.

PROTECTIVE SERVICE.

32. Illicit tree cutting has again been brought within reasonable limits. The total number of trees cut and reported is 686. The number of convictions obtained by the forest guards was 51. There are, however, always a large number of cases of trees cut where the culprits are undetected. The convictions are mostly for cutting pine trees for firewood. Remembering that there are only five forest guards for the whole Island and Kowloon, the protection of the vast number of trees in existence must be considered as being very economically managed. In Hongkong alone, without Kowloon, there are nearly 30 square miles to protect.

FIRES.

33. Grass fires as a rule occur only during the dry season. In the year under review there were 11 between January 1st and June 14th, and 16 between October 20th and December 23rd. Trees to the number of 3,285 were destroyed by 10 of these fires, the other 17 fires did no damage to trees, grass only and small shrubs being burnt by them.

The Police at the stations nearest to the scenes of the fires, and forest guards were instrumental in extinguishing the fires, and I have again to acknowledge the valuable services rendered by the Police Department in this work, as also in notifying me of the occurrence of fires.

The fire lines, of which there are about 50 miles in the Colony, consist of lines from 10 to 15 feet wide of the earth cleared-most of them annually-of all grass and vegetation. These lines of bared earth in most cases where fires reach them are effective in checking their progress, but in some instances when strong winds occur at the time of the fires pieces of ignited material are carried over the lines and start fires where they fall. It will be necessary to increase the width of the lines in some places where vegetation has become dense.

Unfortunately it is impossible to discover how or by whom fires have originated, but I have no doubt that in nearly all cases it is by the carelessness of people using matches, and I have good reasons for thinking that Europeans and natives alike are responsible for such thoughtlessness.

Appendix D, supplies particulars of grass fires.

I have the honour to be,

Hon. J: H. STEWART LOCKHART, C.M.G.,

Colonial Secretary,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

CHALES FORD, Superintendent,

&C.,

&c.,

&c.

Botanical and Afforestation Department.

335

Appendix A.

RAINFALL OBSERVATIONS MADE AT THE BOTANIC GARDENS, DURING 1898.

RAIN GAUGE 306-8 FEET ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL.

DATE.

Jan.

Feb. Mar. April. May. June. July. Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

1,

.07

:

1.20

.02 1.27

.08

:..

.02

2,

.16

.01

.50

:

.34

.26

.98

.03

.16

3,

.01

1.40

.04

.06

.39

.03

1.02

.62

.38

:

:

4,

:

:

.76

.04

.06

.06

3.78

.10

5,

.07

.01

.03

...

.01

.13

2.43

6,

.54

.02

.88

:.

.39

7.

.17

.01

8,

9,

10,

11,

12,

13,

:..

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

.04

3.43

.01

...

.01

.13

.02

.87

.03

...

1.08

.07

:.

.50

:

:

:

:

FM.

:

:.

.41

.01

:

:.

.01

.12

...

.36

.12

14,

:

:

15,

.34

.01

16,

.10

17,

:

:

18,

.03

.20

19,

.12

.13

:

:

:

:

:

7:

.02

:

:

:.

1.09

...

...

.10

.05

2.32

1.88

.06

:.

.06

.56

.67

...

¿

:..

:

1.57

.05

.54

.01

.31

.04

2.16

.44

.16

.01

.07

.06

1.25

.29

.65

.23

.38

.21

:.

...

:

.05

.03

1.18

:

:

:

:

:

:.

.:.

:..

:

:

..

...

.06

.18

.15

...

20,

:

.09

:

:

1.17

.06

F:..

:

:

:

:

21,

22,

23,

24,

25,

26,

27,

28.

29,

:

:.

...

.34

.17

.03

.53

.12

...

:

...

.01

.02

:

:

:

:

:

...

:.

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

...

.03

.09

.19

.11

.03

2.04

.03

.94

1.10

...

:

:

...

.04

.66

.64

.44

.97

.03

2.21

.34

.09

.36

.09

:

.19

.16

1.59

.05

:

:

:

:

:

:

...

...

30,

31,

:

:

:

:

.06

.01

...

.29

1.43

.61

.45

2.27

.16

.05

.36

.05

:.

:

.12

.20

.05

:

.02

.13

.85

.33

...

...

:.

:

:

:

:.

.01

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Total,...... 1.46

2.98

.24

3.36 4,84 14.02 9.09 18.35

6.90

8.99

.73

0.3

Total inches for the year=65.99. Observations made at 10 a.m.

CHARLES FORD,

Superintendent,

Botanical and Afforestation Department.

336

Appendix B.

STATISTICS OF PLANTING OPERATIONS.

Melaleu-

LOCALITY.

ana.

Pinus Cunning- Massoni- hamia

sinensis.

Area

Cam- phor.

Bamboo.

Albizzia ca Lebbeck. Leuca-

Miscel- Tristaneal laneous. conferta.

in

Grand Total of

Acres.

Trees.

dendron.

...

58

650

12

Repulse Bay,. Tytam Tak

6,451

7,280 276

::

Aberdeen,

2,880

54

65

Pokfoolam,

1,968

120

Aplichau,

1,386

416

536

...

Mount Davis,

1,145

Mount Kellett,

3558

Kennedy Town,

846

West Point,

1,088

838 249

Waterfall Bay,

326

Connaught Road,

...

MacDonnell Road,

Wongneichung,

Chamberlain Road,

Garden Road,

Bowrington,....

Magazine Gap Road,

'

...

1,698 465

51

6,451

...

354

61

7,910

21

2,999

2,088

3,510

6,498

1,145

***

53

2,314

12

2,214

1,337

17

326 17

4

4

...

40

309

231

18

22

40

309

196

35

18

22

Total,....

23,928

746

1,808

621

662

2,163

131

3,864 271 33,923

Aberdeen, West Point,

Kowloon,

Little Hongkong,

Pokfoolam,

Sookunpo,

Wongneichung,

Appendix C.

SALE OF FORESTRY PRODUCTS.

LOCALITY.

Pine Trees.

CHARLES FORD,

Superintendent,

Botanical & Afforestation Department.

Quantity.

Amount realized.

تو

4,187

64.86

71

1.11

7,893

221.57

2,884

72.69

12

0.86

1,401

25.22

43

15.76

16,491

402.07

64,948 catties. 53,369

26.47

15.97

""

Tree Prunings, Brushwood,.

Total Revenue for Forestry Products,.............

444.51

CHARLES FORD,

Superintendent,

Botanical & Afforestation Department.

Date.

1898.

January

10

Mount Kellet,

11

Cape Collinson,

26

""

Tytam Tuk,

February

11

Wong Ma-kok,

13

Wanchai Gap

13

"

Shek-o,

14

Aberdeen Road,

""

11

. ""

April

14

19

Mount Davis,

Repulse Bay,

Telegraph Bay,

June October

14

Mount Kellet,

20

Wong Ma-kok,

23

Mount Davis,

23

"

November

9

16

"

23

23

""

December

23

2

Stanley,

***

9

Stanley,

10 Repulse Bay,

22

12

Tytam Road,

Pokfoolam Road,

Kai Lung Wan,

Pokfoolam,

Deep Water Bay,

Aberdeen,

5 Sookunpo Hill,

Do.,

12

Tytam Tuk......

Kai Lung Wan,.

23 | To Ti Wan,..

22

">

>>

Appendix D.

STATISTICS OF GRASS FIRES.

LOCALITIES.

Number of Fires.

337

Number of Trees destroyed.

1

1

1

13

1,350

1

1

...

40

1

1

1

1

1

1

3

1

1

1

1

1

1

4

1

1,400

1

400

1

1

10

1

1

1

1

0989

40

25

1

1

Total,.

27

.3,285

>

CHARLES FORD,

Superintendent,

Botanical & Afforestation Department.

No. 221.

403

No. 23

89

HONGKONG.

CORRESPONDENCE ON THE SUBJECT OF THE PROPOSED ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE PROTECTION OF CHINESE REVENUE IN HONGKONG.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor.

(Officer Administering the Government to Secretary of State.)

GOVERNMENT HOUSE, HONGKONG, 29th July, 1898.

SIR,-I have the honour to transmit a copy of a despatch received on 23rd July from H. B. M.'s Minister at Peking enclosing copy of a letter from the Inspector General of Chinese Customs setting forth the arrangements which, in Sir ROBERT HART's opinion, are necessary for the protection of Chinese revenue under the new circumstances created by the extension of Hongkong territory, and to submit for your consideration, comments, and observations on the matter treated in Sir ROBERT HART'S numbered paragraphs which I follow.

1. I strongly recommend that the Chinese Customs be not formally accorded the right to maintain its office in Hongkong and that the Commissioner of Customs be not recognised as a Chinese Official but that he remain as at present without official status of any kind. The English Government has always recognised the objections to a Chinese Consul in Hongkong, and a Consul's functions are strictly limited by law, much more should we object to the establishment in our midst of a Chinese official with ill-defined and unlimited powers. The Chinese Government should, I think, be permitted to have an agency in the Colony of a purely mer- cantile character merely for the purpose of issuing opium certificates unconnected in any way with any other kinds of goods and entirely of an unofficial character and beyond the control of any recognised officer of the Chinese Customs. existing sub-stations-Changchow, Capsuimoon, Laichikok and Fotochow should be removed to points outside the leased territory; their retention on the present sites would be a fruitful source of friction and would always be misconstrued by the Chinese mind-there are many points both on the coast and on adjacent islands where the Chinese Customs could establish its new stations.

The

2. The proposal to give the Chinese Customs the right to levy duties within the Colony of Hongkong would be a surrender to China of one of the primary functions of Government and the right of having special jetties where these unprecedented operations would take place.

3. A somewhat similar argument may be employed against the proposal that Chinese Customs' cruisers and launches should be allowed to exercise their functions within British waters. Besides being an infringement of our sovereignty such right of search would interfere in an undue and unreasonable manner with the whole junk trade of the Colony and could not fail to lead to frequent complications.

Moreover, as these Chinese Customs' vessels are officered by men of all uation- alities, it would be inexpedient to give them by right such opportunities of re- connaissance and of noting naval and military arrangements. In short, it would be unwise to increase the privileges which they at present enjoy.

4. The fourth proposal is unobjectionable as it merely sets forth an existing state of affairs.

5. This Government has no intention to abrogate the present law concerning the movement, &c. of opium and will be prepared to consider any amendments necessary to meet new circumstances which may be submitted. The second portion of the fifth proposal giving a Chinese official the right to inspect establishments and shops in British territory and to overhaul their books and accounts is, I submit, wholly inadmissible,

י

404

6. There is no idea of relaxing the present enforcement of Colonial laws. The question, however, of regarding its own officers must be left entirely to the discretion of this Government which cannot be expected to arrange for an equal division of the proceeds of sale of confiscated goods between itself and the Chinese Government.

7. Arms and munitions of war are now by local legislation forbidden to be shipped. As regards other contraband goods, e.g., salt, there seems to be no right on the part of one Government to claim the assistance of another Government in preventing the export of such articles. The suggestion that all permits should be issued or countersigned by the Chinese Customs is not feasible in view of the previous declaration against tolerating any officer of the Chinese Customs exercising his functions within British jurisdiction.

8. Any legislation that this Government may reasonably be called upon to enact to prevent the freedom of the port being abused to the prejudice of the neighbouring Empire will be introduced, but I submit that to give effect to the discarded proposals of Sir ROBERT HART would be to hand over this free port to the domination of the Chinese Customs.

With reference to the quid pro quo of an easier working of the West River trade and of that likely to grow up under the new inland steam navigation rules which is suggested in the concluding portion of the Inspector General's letter, it is not necessary to say more than that the easy working of those regulations is already the duty of China and cannot be accepted as a reason for granting to China abnormal jurisdiction within this Colony.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

W. BLACK, Major-General, Administering the Government.

The Right Honourable

JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN, M.P.,

&c.,

&C.,

&c.

(H. B. M. Minister, Peking, to Officer Administering the Government.)

PEKING, 11th July, 1898.

SIR,I have the honour to enclose, for Your Excellency's consideration, copy of a letter addressed by Sir ROBERT HART, in which he sets forth the arrangements necessary, in his opinion, for the protection of Chinese revenue under the new circumstances created by the recent extension of Hongkong territory.

A copy of the letter has also been forwarded to Her Majesty's Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

His Excellency

Major-General WILSONE BLACK, C.B.,

Administering the Government,

HONGKONG.

CLAUDE M. MACDONALD.

:

:

(Inspector General of Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs to

H. B. M. Minister, Peking.)

405

INSPECTORATE GENERAL OF CUSTOMS, PEKING, 27th June, 1898.

SIR,-I have the honour to acknowledge receipt of Your Excellency's despatch of 24th June, informing me that you have received a communication from Her Majesty's Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs asking you, in view of the recent leasing to Great Britain of part of Kowloon peninsula and the adjacent islands, what arrangements the Imperial Maritime Customs of China would propose and where stations would be placed, and in reply to state in, the following numbered paragraph what, in my opinion, will be necessary in and around Hongkong and its new territory to safeguard the revenue interests of China-a task which will be made, in conse- quence of the increased area to be looked after, both onerous and expensive. The proposals are made in the belief that Her Majesty's Government desire to give China liberal and sustained support in the protection of her revenue in that neigh- bourhood:

1. The right of the Chinese Customs to maintain its office in Hongkong- where it is now only unofficially acknowledged-ought to be formally admitted and the status of the Commissioner of Customs as a Chinese official recognised. The existing sub-stations at Changchow, Capsuimoon, Lai-chee-kok, and Fotochow ought to be maintained as at present although they are in the leased territory. If it should be found that other stations are required they may be instituted.

2. The Chinese Customs at Hongkong shall have the right there to collect duty and likin on any opium and similarly dues and duties on general cargo shipped on any native vesssel to or from China. The Customs ought also to have the right to one or more special jetties in proximity to junk anchorages at which cargo may be examined and verified.

3. The Chinese Customs' cruisers and launches may continue to exercise their functions within the waters of the leased territory.

4. No opium, raw or boiled, shall be landed or stored, taken delivery of or ship- ped in Hongkong, British Kowloon, or any of the leased territory without a permit to be issued by a Colonial Authority. Opium moved without permit, or found any- where or in any quantity in contravention of Colonial Ordinance, shall be confiscated.

5. The Opium Farm, i.e., an official establishment with an exclusive right to retail (only boiled) opium shall be maintained, and the Ordinances Nos. 22 of 1887 and 2 of 1891, concerning opium movement, &c., shall be confirmed and amended to meet new circumstances and to make good those points on which they are insuf- ficient.

The boiling establishments of the Farm, its retailing shops, and its books and accounts shall be open at any time to the inspection of officer of the Chinese Cus- toms specially deputed for that purpose.

6. All Ordinances regarding the possession, movements, preparation, or sale of opium in the Colony and its waters, afloat and ashore, shall be rigidly enforced by the Colonial Executive and its officers rewarded from proceeds of seizures with a view to encouraging zeal.

All proceeds of sale of confiscated goods shall be divided equally between the Chinese and Colonial Governments.

7. No arms, munitions of war, or contraband goods may be shipped on any vessels, proceeding to a Chinese port in Hongkong or its waters, without a permit issued or countersigned by the Chinese Customs.

8. The Hongkong Government shall pass such legislation as may be necessary to give effect to the above provisions.

The above numbered paragraphs are put forward merely to represent what I consider is proper should be done at Hongkong to meet Chinese revenue require- ments. I I may, however, express the opinion that the system it provides for, and more especially the recognised presence of a fully authorized Chinese Customs establish- ment at Hongkong, gives promise of enabling measures to be taken which will make the working of the West River trade especially at those places of call to seawards of the first port (Samshui) considerably easier than at present; also of securing arran-

i

406

His Excellency

gements which might facilitate the trade anticipated to grow up under the new inland steam rules. In both respects anything which may be possible--and without a Customs House I do not see that much will be possible-is sure to redound to the commercial advantage of the Colony as well as of the Chinese trade. On this point, however, the occasion does not call upon me to say more at present.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

Sir C. M. MACDONALD, K.C.B., K.C.M.G.,

&c.,

ģC.,

&c.

No. 229.

ROBERT HART,

I. G. of Customs.

(Officer Administering the Government to Secretary of State.)

GOVERNMENT HOUSE, HONGKONG, 13th August, 1898.

SIR,-With reference to my despatch No. 221 of the 29th ultimo forwarding arguments against the acceptance of Sir ROBERT HART's proposals for the working of the Imperial Maritime Customs after we have taken over the newly leased terri- tory, I have the honour to transmit for your consideration copy of a letter from the local Chamber of Commerce which embodies, I believe, the views of most of the commercial men in Hongkong on this subject.

As regards their reference to assisting for a quid pro quo the Chinese Govern- ment more than at present in the collection of duties on Opium, I think it quite possible that steps might be taken in this direction, and as Opium is after all the chief commodity for which the Chinese Government keeps up its expensive fleet of cruisers and launches round Hongkong, the Chinese Government might, in exchange for this increased aid, be induced to withdraw these vessels altogether from these waters and thus decrease its expenditure while increasing its revenue.

The Chamber of Commerce has not entered sufficiently into detail in this matter, but I venture to suggest for your consideration a workable plan which may be summarized somewhat as follows:-

1st. On arrival of ship from India her manifest handed to Harbour Master. Supplemented if need be by a return from the Calcutta Customs of Opium shipped.

2nd. All Opium to be stored in godowns under Government control. 3rd. No Opium to be moved from these godowns without permit from

Harbour Master.

4th. Harbour Master receives a copy of Bill of Lading of all Opium shipped. 5th. Harbour Master sends every evening to Imperial Maritime Customs

return of all Opium shipped and whither bound.

6th. Imperial Maritime Customs can then arrange for the duty on this

amount of Opium at the port of destination.

I forward this letter from the Chamber of Commerce without delay as I con- sider it right, should you think its contents worthy of consideration, that the letter should reach you as soon as possible.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

The Right Honourable

JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN, M.P.,

Fe.,

&c.,

&c.

W. BLACK,

Major-General, Administering the Government.

407

(Secretary, Chamber of Commerce, to Colonial Secretary.)

HONGKONG GENERAL CHAMBER OF COMMERCE,

HONGKONG, 12th August, 1898.

SIR,-In view of the extension of territory acquired by the Convention of the 9th June, I am instructed by the Committee of this Chamber to lay before the Government their opinion on the question of the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs vis-à-vis this Colony. The Committee believe that some understanding was given to the effect that the extension of the boundaries should not prove a source of loss to the Chinese revenue, and they quite concur in the desire to assist the Chinese Government in the matter, so long as it can be done without hampering the trade, or impeding the development, of the Colony, the future prospects of which, with enlarged boundaries, on its present basis of absolute freedom, are very promising. To secure their fulfilment, however, it should, in the first place, be laid down that the existing Customs Stations must be removed to Chinese territory, outside the Colony's boundaries, and that the harbour be jealously guarded from the intrusion of Chinese revenue craft of any description. The delays and obstructions to the movements of shipping, were the Chinese Customs allowed a free hand in our waters, would constitute a serious interference with that freedom, which has mainly contributed to build up the present prosperity of this port. Without much provision, too, it would be impossible to have that free communication and interchange of produce between Victoria and the outlying additions to the Colony, which may naturally be expected to develop.

That some advantage might accrue to the Colony by its being placed on the footing of a Treaty Port, and therefore participating in the facilities afforded by the Inland Steam Regulations, is quite possible, but such advantages would be greatly outweighed by the counterbalancing drawbacks. For the Colony to accept them as an equivalent for the freedom of the port, would be like bartering its birthright for a mess of pottage.

This Chamber, while invincibly opposed to the continuance in the Colony of the Customs Collectorate of a Foreign State, have no wish to place any impediment in the way of that State obtaining its rightful revenue, nor do they desire that a single dollar should be made by the Hongkong Government at the expense of China, but this can, they believe, be readily effected without the maintenance of any Customs Stations or Collectorate within the Colony.

The chief article which requires special protection for the Chinese Government is Opium, and the Committee are of opinion that, in connection with this import, more could perhaps be done than is at present by the Hongkong Government in safeguarding the Chinese revenue. The present system of licensing an Opium Farmer leaves much to be desired, and the Committee would suggest that the Government should give its consideration to the formulation of some other scheme which will not only provide an effective check on the import of the drug but will trace it also to consumption or exportation.

While, however, the Committee are prepared to sanction some sacrifice in revenue in order to secure in perpetuity the freedom of the port, they would point out that in addition to, and apart from, the objections already named to the proposals of the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs, the damage to British prestige in China, and in the Far East generally, by the practical conversion of this Colony into a Chinese Treaty Port would be most serious, and in the eyes of the Cantonese, at any rate, would reduce Hongkong into a dependency of the Chinese Empire. Rather than accept an arrangement so humiliating, so derogatory to Great Britain, and so detrimental to the Colony's best interests, the Committee would be disposed to recommend the abrogation of the Convention and a reversion to the previous conditions.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

R. CHATTERTON WILCOX,

Secretary.

To Honourable T. SERCOMBE SMITH,

Acting Colonial Secretary.

-

--

408

No. 631G.

(Officer Administering the Government to Her Britannic Majesty's Minister, Peking.)

GOVERNMENT HOUSE, HONGKONG, 5th August, 1898.

SIR,-I have the honour to acknowledge Your Excellency's despatch of the 11th July, received on the 25th July, enclosing copy of a letter from Sir ROBERT HART in which he sets forth the arrangements necessary in his opinion for the pro- tection of Chinese revenue under the new circumstances created by the recent extension of Hongkong territory.

In reply, I beg to transmit copy of extract from a despatch addressed by me to the Secretary of State for the Colonies dealing seriatim with the numbered paragraphs of the Inspector General's letter.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

W. BLACK,

Major-General, Administering the Government.

His Excellency

Sir CLAUDE MACDONALD, K.C.B., K.G.M.G., Her Britannic Majesty's Minister,

PEKING.

No. 68/G.

(Officer Administering the Government to Her Britannic Majesty's Minister, Peking.)

GOVERNMENT HOUSE, HONGKONG, 15th August, 1898.

SIR,So as to keep Your Excellency acquainted with the course of events in Hongkong regarding the Convention signed on the 9th June last, I have the honour to enclose copies of a letter from the Hongkong Chamber of Commerce and of my despatch to the Secretary of State transmitting the same.

I need hardly add that the suggestion made therein as to aiding the Imperial Maritime Customs in the collection of Opium duties presupposes as a sine qua non the total withdrawal of Chinese Customs Stations and of their revenue craft from the waters of Hongkong.

I have the honour to be,

Sir.

Your most obedient Servant,

W. BLACK,

Major-General, Administering the Government.

His Excellency

Sir CLAUDE M. MACDONALD, K.C.B., K.O.M.G.,

Her Britannic Majesty's Minister,

PEKING.

No. 1.

HONGKONG.

CORONER'S RETURNS FOR 1898.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of

His Excellency the Governor.

111

No. 1

99

MAGISTRACY,

HONGKONG, 10th January, 1879.

SIR,-I have the honour to forward herewith the usual Annual Returns for the year 1898 in connection with all cases of death brought to the notice of the Police Magistrate acting as Coroner during the year.

The Honourable

1.

THE ACTING COLONIAL SECRETARY.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

WM. C. H. Hastings,

Acting Police Magistrate.

TABLE A.-RETURN OF ALL DEATHS REPORTED DURING THE YEAR 1898.

FORMAL ENQUIRIES HELD.

BURIED WITHOUT FORMAL ENQUIRIES.

NATIONALITY.

Men. Women. Boys. Girls. Total. Men. Women. Boys. Girls.

Sex not ascertainable.

Total.

Europeans and Americans,...

Indians and Malays,

Japanese,....

Chinese,

10

LO

5

17

1

ลง

2

N

:

:

:

:

23

2

3

:

...

4

...

.:.

1

1

:

2

20

3

1

1

25

412

171

378 350

25

1,336

Total,... Total,.............. 27

3

1

1

32

433

175

379 353

25

1,365

Total for 1897,... 43

16

4

6

69

135

30

213

208

16

602

Magistracy, Hongkong, 10th January, 1899.

WM. C. H. HASTINGS,

Acting Police Magistrate.

112

TABLE B.-RETURN OF FORMAL ENQUIRIES DURING THE YEAR 1898.

FINDING.

Euro-

peans.

Indians.

Men.

Men.

Accidental death,

Accidental death, resulting on Electric shock,

Acute alcoholic poisoning,.................

Acute gastritis caused by an overdose of arsenic--accidentally self-

administered,

1

1

An overdose of chloral. Nothing before the Court to show that

Deceased intended to take his life,

1

:::

...

Chinese.

Men. Women. Boys. Girls.

3

**

:

1

1

1

Chronic Bronchitis and Thrombosis,

Collapse and shock consequent on submersion, the cause of the sub- mersion being accidental, the launch Alexandra being in no way to blame,....

Collapse caused by the irritation caused by the gall stone,

Consumption, ....

Death by hanging in accordance with the sentence of the law, Death by opium poisoning,

Death caused by fracture of the skull from a blow struck by the fore-

man in self-defence,

Death caused by tubercular disease of long standing,.

Death from dislocation of the neck caused by the execution by hang- ing of the three deceased under sentence of death by the Supreme Court and by Warrant of the Governor dated the 6th January, 1898,

Exhaustion from multiple liver abscesses,

Found dead. Nothing before the Court to show the cause of death,....... Murdered by pirates in Chinese waters,

Opium poisoning, self-administered,.

Plague,

Shock resulting from Burns,....

Suicide by hanging,

Syncope in acute gastritis and acute pancrititis,

That deceased died from dislocation of the neck and consequent com- pression of the spinal cord occasioned by being hanged by the neck in the due execution of the sentence of death passed upon. him in the Supreme Court and confirmed by the Governor's War- rant dated the 2nd day of February, 1898,

Total,...............

Magistracy, Hongkong, 10th January, 1899.

...

1

::

:

::

1

1

:

...

Total.

-::

1

1

1

:

1

::

...

1

...

::

::

3

1

...

1

:~ : ~ : ~ :

2

1

:-::

10

5

2

20

3

:

1 ..

1-

1

2

1

1

}:

:

3

1

2

1

1

2

1

1

1

32

WM. C. H. HASTINGS,

Acting Police Magistrate.

TABLE C-RETURN OF BURIALS WITHOUT FORMAL ENQUIRIES DURING THE YEAR 1898.

Found on

Found in

Land.

Harbour.

Total.

Known.

Un-

known.

Known.

Un-

known,

Sex not

ascertainable.

Reason why no Formal Enquiry was held.

Chinese.

Europeans and Americans.

Indians

and Malays.

Japanese.

Men. women. Boys. Girls. Men. Women. Boys. Girls. Men. Girls. Men. Women.

No suspicious circumstances, No evidence and/or decomposed

state of body,

375

153 318 | 292 13

1

1

2

3

19

13 51 55

2

Post Mortem satisfactory,

17

3

1

01

Suspected persons were charged

for the murder of deceased,.

1

N

1

:

:

:

:

:

...

:

...

1

:

1

1,159 364

25

165

1

585

58 152

:

35

R

57

2

100

22

11

sh

Suspected persons were charged for causing the death of de- ceased,

1

1

...

:

:

:

:

2

2

Total,....

412

171 378 350 17

3

1

2 3 1

1

1 25 1,365

396

653

62 254

Magistracy, Hongkong, 10th January, 1899.

WM. C. H. HASTINGS,

Acting Police Magistrate.

1

HONGKONG.

499

No. 31

SUPERIOR AND SUBORDINATE COURTS RETURNS FOR 1898.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor.

RETURN of all SUMS RECEIVED as REVENUE in the Registry of the Supreme Court during the Year 1898.

99

Original Jurisdiction,

Summary Jurisdiction,

Bankruptcy Jurisdiction,

Probate Jurisdiction.......

Official Administrator's Commission,

Official Assignee's Commission,

Official Trustee's Commission,...

Sheriff's Fees,

Bailiff's Fees,.....

Interest on Deposit of Surplus Cash,

Fees on Distraints,

Registrar of Companies,

Fines and Forfeitures,

Admiralty Jurisdiction,

Auctioneer's Commission paid in by the Bailiff,

Official Receiver in Bankruptcy,

Land Office Fees,

..$ 3,256.07

4,042.75

927.24

2,515.10

2,862.35

475

99.63

109.50

856.50

1,444.85

3,425.00

11.00

421.15

1,600.49

$21,576.38

7,973.25

$29,549.63

A. SETH, Acting Registrar.

Registry, Supreme Court, Hongkong, 4th day of January, 1899.

RETURN of all SUMS COLLECTED in the Registry of the Supreme Court for the Year 1898, and paid into the Treasury.

1898.

1897.

REGISTRAR.-Court fees paid by Stamps,

.$12,735.04

$12,607.16

OFFICIAL ASSIGNEE.-5 % on amounts encashed and paid into the Treasury,....... OFFICIAL ADMINISTRATOR,

...

3,164.36

4.75

2,862.35

OFFICIAL TRUSTEE-2% on amount of Trust on taking over up to $10,000,

above $10,000 commission 1 %, 1% commission on income,

55.45

99.63

BAILIFF,

902.50

856.50

SHERIFF,

116.50

109.50

REGISTRAR OF COMPANIES,

2,863.25

3,425.00

INTEREST On Deposit of Surplus Cash,

405.54

...

FINES AND FORFEITURES,

11.00

ADMIRALTY FEES,

197.35

AUCTIONEER'S COMMISSION paid in by the Bailiff,.

7.48

OFFICIAL RECEIVER IN BANKRUPTCY,...........

1,600.49

LAND OFFICE FEES,

Registry, Supreme Court, Hongkong, 4th day of January, 1899.

$20,447.47 5,998.00

$21,576.38 7,973.25

$26,445.47

$29,549.63

A. SETH, Acting Reigstrar.

500

COMPARATIVE TABLE showing the NUMBER of OFFENCES, APPREHENSIONS, CONVICTIONS and ACQUITTALS for the last Four Years.

1895.

1896.

1897.

1898.

The Number of Convictions in the Superior Courts—

1. For Offences against the Person,

17

15

24

19

2. For Offences against Property, ....

10

10

17

3. For other Offences,

:

:

2

5

3

The Number of Persons acquitted

1. In the Marine Magistrate's Court,..........

2. In the Superior Courts,

Registry, Supreme Court, Hongkong, 4th day of January, 1899.

Number of Cases tried.

1

Number of Persons tried.

3

1

1

2

00

10

6

17

9

32

28

15

A. SETH, Acting Registrar.

RETURN of CRIMINAL CASES tried in the SUPREME COURT of HONGKONG during the Year 1898.

2

20

CRIMES.

Administering stupefying drug with intent to

commit an indictable offence,

Applying pepper with intent to commit an indict-

able offence,

Arson,.

Assault occasioning bodily harm,

Assault with intent to rob, being then armed,. Attempt to commit an unnatural offence,..............

Attempting to obtain a bribe as a Public Servant,...... Bribery.

Demanding money with menaces, .

Disobeying order of banishment,

Forging a telegram and uttering same,.

Larceny.

Larceny as a Servant,

Larceny and receiving stolen goods,

Larceny in a dwelling house with menaces,.

Maliciously wounding,

Manslaughter,,

Murder,

Obtaining money by false pretences,

Obtaining goods under false pretences,

Offences against the provisions of the Triad and

Unlawful Societies Ordinances,

Robbery, being armed,

Throwing destructive substance with intent to do

grievous bodily harm,

Unlawfully detaining letters,

A

32

19

Women and Girls'

Offences under,.

Protection Ordinance, 1897,

Wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm,.......

Of 54 Persons

Recognizance estreated.....

1

Sp

:

SENTENCE.

:

2

~:

Hi Hi Dwi

37

10

20

14

:

Charges Abandoned. Postponed.

Cases

:-

1

2

:

:~

::

: :

::

to:

::

راب

3

4 5

.47 were indicted.

2

Five were not indicted, which are included under the heading of "Charges Abandoned," 5

. Defendants failed to appear, and recognizance estreated.

Registry, Supreme Court, Hongkong, 4th day of January, 1899.

54 Persons.

A. SETH, Acting Registrar.

+

RETURN of CRIMINAL CASES that have been brought under the COGNIZANCE of the Supreme Court, during the last Ten Years.

501

Charges Abandoned.

Postponed.

Number Number

YEAR.

of

of Cases. Persons.

Convicted. Acquitted.

No. of Cases.

No. of Persons.

No. of Cases.

No. of Persons.

(a) 1889,

92

143

64

41

24

37

1890,

59

80

43

20

7

1891,

32

37

26

9

2

1892,

30

44

18

17

4

1893,

43

57

33

16

4

30 2010 2020

17

Total,

256

361

184

103

41

73

1894,

36

44

21

17

6

6

10

1895,

26

39

23

9

5

7

1896,

64

60

27

26

4

6

1

1

(b) 1897,

52

67

39

17

11

11

1898,

36

54

39c

10

4

5

Total,

214

264

149

79

30

35

2

6

Average of 1st

51

Period, .... [

724

36%

203/

81

143

Average of 2nd Period,

42

52克

29$

154

6

7

03

1}

A. SETI, Acting Registrar.

a. In one case the recognizance estreated; this case is included in the total, but not in any other of the above headings, b. In one case the recognizance estreated.

e. In two cases the recognizance estreated.

Registry, Supreme Court, Hongkong, 4th day of January, 1899.

INDICTMENTS and INFORMATIONS in the SUPREME COURT of HONGKONG for the Year 1898.

Including Attempts and Conspiracies to commit the several offences.

Showing how the cases tried in the Superior Courts ended.

(Each Prisoner tried counts as a separate case; where a large number of Prisoners have been convicted together, the fact is mentioned in a note.)

Total.

Murder.

Manslaughter.

Attempt at Murder.

Concealment of Birth.

Judgment for the Crown,...

Judgment for the Prisoners,

Prisoner found Insane,

39

3

10

Cases which fell through for want of prosecution or ab- sence of accused, and cases thrown out by the Grand

Jury (Attorney General),

Cases postponed,

:

:

:

:

54

3

4

:

:

Abortion.

Rape.

Unnatural Crimes.

Robbery with Violence.

Other Offences against the

Person.

Offences against Property.

Miscellaneous Offences.

:

F:

:

:

Registry, Supreme Court, Hongkong, 4th day of January, 1899.

:

:

:

:

:

1

*

co

:

17

3

نت

1

3

13

20

10

A. SETH, Acting Registrar.

502

RETURN of ESTATES of INTESTATES for the second half-year ending 31st December, 1898. (Ordinance 3 of 1897, Sec. 28).

Amount Deductions

Balance

received on account of

for Disburse-

on

Estate.

ments.

closing Account.

Disposal of Balance.

$

C.

C.

$

C.

Hugh McCallum,

18.70

0.94

17.76

Ho Wyson,

515.87

454.79

61.08

Jewan Khan,

82.74

9.19

73.55

João da Matta Ozorio,

28.40

6.42

21.98

Kew Won,

204.80

12.50

192.30

William W. McClure,

457.30

381.47

75.83

J. A. Inglis,

42.66

42.66

Cheung Moi,

5.04

0.25

Bhuda Singh,

196.40

45.27

4.79 151.13

James Allan,

259.74

189.07

70.67

Paid into the Government Treasury.

Do.

Paid to Deputy Commissioner, Rawalpindi. Paid to F. M. Graça, the Executor. Paid to Lau Ng Shi, the Administratrix. Estate being administered.

..

Paid into the Government Treasury. Paid to Commissioner, District Patialab. Estate being administered.

Thomas C. Thorp,

56.80

56.80

Delphine Mountfort,

814.63

220.28

594.35

Estate being administered.

John Robertson,

43.63

43.63

Chun Fuk,

0.02

0.02

Paid into the Government Treasury.

Lai Pui,

0.16

0.16

Do.

Solomon,

1.30

0.07

1.23

Do.

George Felix Muller,..

3,704.97

185.25

3,519.72

John Patrick,

7.40

7.40

W. G. Whybrow,

163.67

108.18

55.49

Thomas Sexton,..........

6.59

0.33

6.26

Estate being administered.

Paid to Honourable the Harbour Master. Estate being administered.

Paid into the Government Treasury.

J. L. Chatoo,

E. Ebrahim,

John Leckie,

20.00

1.00

19.00

Do.

4.00

0.20

3.80

Do.

80 00

4.00

76.00

Do.

J. Hormusjee,.

Tsang Shang,

Fan Tso Shing,

40.00

2.00

38.00

Do.

0.02

0.02

Do.

0.12

0.12

Do.

Registry, Supreme Court, Hongkong, 7th day of January, 1899.

A. SETH, Official Administrator.

RETURN of CIVIL and Appeal Cases brought under the cognizance of the Supreme Court of Hongkong

during the Year 1898.

CASES TRIED.

JUDGMENT.

Jurisdiction.

In

No. Depend- of

ency Cases

in

in

Settled

Total.

Debt and Damages.

or

1897.

1898.

Withdrawn before Trial.

Original,

Summary,.....

No. of Cases.

7

Debt

and

Damages

Recovered.

53

92

145

$731,391.94*

16

17

1

58 $65,218.61†

85

1,294 1,379

$166,303.30

587

450

62

5

136

54

$64,381.59

* Exclusive of two cases wherein the amounts claimed were Taels 1,699.5m. and Taels 1,800, respectively. † Exclusive of one case wherein the amount recovered was Taels 1,699.5m.

APPEALS COMMENCED.

Judgmeut.

1898.

APPEALS.

Appellant. Respondent. Pending. Withdrawn.

APPEALS TRIED.

Judgment.

No. of Cases.

Appellant. Respondent.

Pending. Withdrawn.

1

5

Registry, Supreme Court, Hongkong, 9th March, 1899.

4

1

A. SETH, Acting Registrar.

T

1

503

CALENDAR of PROBATE and ADMINISTRATION granted by the SUPREME Court of Hongkong during the Year 1898.

No.

Date of

Name of Testator or Intestate.

Time and Place of Death.

Grant.

Probate, Administration with the Will annexed, or Administration.

Name and Description of the Executor or Administrator.

Value

sworn

under

5 重

30th Oct., 1897, Hongkong, Letters of Adm., Gordins Nielsen, Attorney for Jane Ann

14th Aug., 1897, Worcester,

Sampson, the next of kin,

C.

1898.

1 Jan. 11 Adelino Eulalio Allemão

23rd Dec., 1897, Hongkong, Letters of Adm., | Maria Corlelia Allemão, the lawful widow

and relict.

300.00

2

12 Lau Fu Shun

24th Dec., 1897, Macao,

11

3

15

John David Humphreys.....

8th Nov., 1897, Kent,

Probate.

Do.,

Lau Sheon: Chik, the natural and lawful

son and Executor,

4,800.00

England,

Henry Humphreys and Hart Buck, the

Executors,

426,000.00

4

15

James Anthony Sampson

500.00

21

Charles St. George Cleverly

Probate,

Charles Frederick Moore Cleverly, the

sole Executor,

160,400.00

5th Dec., 1897, at Sea,

Do..

Li Shing otherwise Li Yuk Hang and Li

Tsuk Chi, the Executors,

297,000.00

25th Dec., 1897, Honam,

Canton,

Do..

Chow Sai Chin, the Executrix,

14,000.00

Do.,

Tsang Ying, the son and Executor,...........

5,000.00

3,000.00

15

1,200.00

6 May 2

7 Feb. 15

8

9

10

11

11

"}

19

:)

12

13

11

15

24

Li Chit otherwise Li King

Chuen

Chow A Chung otherwise

Sun Chong

Tsang Mow otherwise Chang

Mow

Lee Ah Sun alias Li U Nam

alias Li Fun

Li Chan Shi.

|

England,

22nd Sept., 1896, Honam

Canton,

21st Nov., 1894, Kowloon,

City, China,

21st Jan., 1898, Hongkong,

15 William Henderson Mac- 27th Sept., 1895, Ramsgate,

Kenzie

Kent, England,

15

Wong Shek Chuen

"

15

Pierri Francois Louis Fre-

deric Koch

5th Apr., 1895, Kow Kong

Village, Nam Hoi, China, 5th Apr., 1897, Paris,

Letters of Adm. de bonis non, Probate,

Do.,

Do.,

Li Kam Shu and Li Kam So, the natural and lawful children and next of kin,. Li Kam Shu and Li Kam So, the Execu-

tors,... Emma Evelyn MacKenzie and Andrew Vane Watson, the Executors. (Letters of Administration with the Will an- nexed granted to J. H. Lewis on the 10th September, 1896, having been revoked),

Kwan Yat Chuen and Kwan Siu Ping,

the Executors,

Letters of Adm. | Alfred Parker Stokes. of Shanghai, Soli-

with the Will

124,800.00

8,600.00

annexed,

14 Mar.

5 Edmund Sharp

20th Sept., 1897, Croydon,

Probate,

citor, Attorney for Mademoiselle Je- anne Fierrette Elisa Koch, Madame Annee Emma Koch, the wife of Mon- sieur Armand Mellier and Mademoi- selle Frederique Marie Mellier, the Legatees and Beneficiaries, Lily Moffatt Sharp, Henry William Trin-

12,000.00

15

11 Chen A Teak

"}

16

23

17

12th Feb., 1898, at Sca,

"}

+

18

23 William Waddílove........

26 Tong Mow Chec

23 W. E. White........

19 Apr. 23 Lorenz Poesnecker

20

"

16 Kwan Shing..

19

11 Ip Cheong Chiu

22

11

2 John Odell

21

23

4th Apr., 1897, Heung

Shan,

9th Dec., 1897, Yokohama, | Letters of Adm.

Japan,

6th July, 1897, Shanghai,

9th July, 1897, Middlesex,

England,

with the Will annexed, Do.,

Letters of Adm.,

Letters of Adm. with the Will annexed,

22nd Nov., 1894, Hoi Ping, Letters of Adm.

China,

de bonis non,

15th Dec., 1897, Sun Ui, 14th July, 1887, Foochow,

11 Ngan Mah alias Ngan Man | 29th Mar., 1898, Hongkong,

Herbert Johnson Gedge, Attorney for Tong Kid Son, one of the Executors,. James William Norton-Kyshe, Official

Administrator,

Carl Beurmann and Max. Carl Johann Grote, Attorneys for Cæsar Erdmann and Richard Militzer, the Executors.. Kwan Wong Shi, the lawful widow and

relict,

Do.,

der, Alfred Bulmer Johnson, and Charles Seward Sharp, the Executors, 1,153,300.00 Chan Choy, the Executor...

1,000.00

| Walter King, Attorney for Harry James

Sharp, the Executor,

10,100.00

27,400.00

200.00

50,700.00

8,000.00

Letters of Adm., Frobate,

Ip Lau Shi, the lawful widow and relict,.

2,600.00

Aubrey Palgrave Simpson, one of the

Executors,.

6,030.00

Do.,

Wong Hing and Sze Tat, the Executors....

8,600.00

Tin

24

11 Edward Rose

7th Apr., 1898, Hongkong,

Do.,

17

Adalaida Mary Rose, the widow and

Executrix,

500.00

25

11 William de St. Croix

30th Sept., 1897, Canton,

26

18 Alfred Feltham

27

21

18 Share Singh..

28

""

18 Wong Po

3rd Oct., 1897, Laureate,

Kent, England,

29 June 3

Leung Wai Hing otherwise known as Leung Mi Yu, otherwise known as

Leung Yew Sheung

30 Apr. 18 Lawford Rhodes James

17th Mar., 1898, Hongkong,

31st Mar., 1898, Hongkong,

5th Dec., 1897, Heung

Shan,

3rd Apr., 1898, Canton,

31 May

2 Athiem otherwise Pang Qui | 23rd Nov., 1873, Hongkong, Letters of Adm. Pang Chi, the lawful grandson,

Alexander Gustave Dufetre, Attorney for Frances Gertrude Stone Huart, the lawful widow and relict,

Do:

Letters of Adm., Frederick Alexander de St. Croix, Attor- ney for George Clement de St. Croix, the natural and lawful brother... James William Norton-Kyshe, Official

Administrator,

3,100.00

1,400.00

Do., Probate,

Do.,

200.00

Wong Mun Chong, the natural and law-

ful son, the Executor,

5,300.00

Letters of Adm. pendente lite,

Bruce Shepherd, Gentleman,

30,000.00

Letters of Adm., Godfrey Cornwall Chester Master, Attor- ney for Henry Haughton Rhodes James, the lawful brother,

2,800.00

de bonis non,

Fook

32

19 Camille Marie Clement Im- 29th Nov.. 1897, Hongkong, Letters of Adm.

with the Will

bault Huart

annexed,

AA

2

33

34

35

36

31

37

"

2 Leung Chiu

38

"

5 Li Ping

39

19 UI' Kai

""

2 Wan Yuk

Charles Turner Carnie

1st Apr., 1898, Kowloon, 31st July, 1897, Perthshire,

Probate, Do,

Li Fung and Li Seong, the Executors. Amelia Catherine Carnie, the natural

and lawful sister, the Executrix.

2,900.00 6,200.00

15,082.50

Scotland,

Chong Oi Tong

14th Feb., 1894, Hongkong, Letters of Adm., Chong Ip Shi, the lawful widow and re-

lict,

1,000.00

2 Emilio Zeller

24th Apr., 1898, Hougkong,

DO.

James William Norton-Kyshe, Official

Administrator,

1,900.00

23rd Apr., 1898, Hongkong,

Do.,

Leung Yau and Leung Tsun, the lawful

nephews and next of kin,

200.00

18th Apr., 1898, Hongkong,

Do.,

Lau I, the lawful widow and relict,

200.00

24th Mar., 1898, Hongkong,

Do.,

U Wong Shi, the lawful widow and relict,

500.00

504

CALENDAR of PROBATE and ADMINISTRATION,

-Continued.

No.

Date of

Name of Testator or Intestate.

Time and Piace of Death.

Grant.

Probate, Administration with the Will annexed, or Administration.

Name and Description of the Executor or Administrator.

Value

sworn under

1898.

c.

40 May 19 Ida Brockelmann

42

43 Sept. 23

199

41

19 Tang Chow Chung

19

Sham A Kow

19

Kwok Ku Fui

44 May 19

Kwok Mui

45

13

19

Ho Yung Kiu

19

13

19

Karsanji Pitamber

46

47

48

11

:)

20

Leung Kam alias Leung

Yuen Kum Elizabeth Frances Higgins.

30th Mar., 1898, Canton,

6th Apr., 1898, Canton, 26th July, 1880, Canton,

5th May, 1898, Hongkong,

27th Apr., 1896, Canton, 18th Apr., 1898, Hongkong,

23rd Sept., 1897, Heidelberg, Letters of Adm.

Germany,

with the Will annexed,

Probate,

Do., Letters of Adm.,

Friedrich Alexander Alfred Büsing Bröc- kelmann and Gustav Adolph Wieler, Attorneys for Julius Richard Bröckel- mann, the Executor,

31,000.00

lp Shi A-kan, the widow and relict, the

Executrix,

3,000.00

Sham Chu Shi, the widow and Executrix, Kwok Hung Fan, the lawful nephew and

5,100.00

next of kin,

1,600.00

29th Apr., 1898, Hongkong,

Probate,

Do., Letters of Adm.,

Do.,

Kwok Leung Shi, the lawful widow and

relict, the Executrix,

4,300.00

Ho Sau Ki, the Executrix,

4,000.00

Leung Mui, the natural and lawful sister,.

4,000.00

James William Norton-Kyshe, Official

Administrator,

8,100.00

49 June 25

Eufrozina Esmeralda do

16th Jan., 1897, Bombay,

5th May, 1898, Hongkong,

Rozario

Do., Luiz Carlos do Rozario, Augusto José do Rozario and João Joaquim Leiria, the Executors,

50 July 4 Leonardo Francisco Collaço. 18th May, 1898, Hongkong, Letters of Adm., Francisco Camões Collaço and Vicente

51 June 2 Chan Tseung

52

25 Cora Augusta Rand Drop- 17th Apr., 1896, Korinzawa,

Do.. Probate,

200.00

7,065,00

Alexandre Paulo Collag, the natural and lawful brothers,

400.00

18th May, 1898, Hongkong,

Do.,

333

pers

63

11

25 Tsang Yat Sing

Japan,

25th Apr., 1898, Cheung

Chau, China,

54

10 Herman Iwersen

15th May, 1898, Tokio,

Japan,

Do.,

Probate, Letters of Adm.,

Wong Kow, the lawful husband,. Kounsevelle Wildman, Attorney for Gar- rett Droppers, the lawful husvand. Tsang Kau, tue Executor,....

100.00

1,100.00

7,000.00

55

39

-

56

事事

57

""

10 Jawalla Singh

25 Wong Po Nam........

25 Antonio Joaquim de Medeiro

12th May, 1898, Hongkong,

9th May, 1898, Canton, 7th Jan., 1897, Dilly,

Timor,

Do.,

Probate, Letters of Adm.,

James William Norton-Kyshe, Official

Administrator,

12th Dec., 1895, at Sea,

6th June, 1898, Hongkong,

12th June, 1898, Canton,

Carlo,

5th July, 1898, Hongkong, 11th May, 1898, Macao,

15th June, 1898, Canton,

5th May, 1898, Hongkong,

58

19

27 Jes. Jessen

25 James Lucien Prosser... .....

59

19

60

""

27 Yu Ah Sung....

61.

19

3 28 8

62 July

63

64

11

65

66

??

1 to 0 8

67

27

68

"

69

"

70

71

72

73

23

13

፡፡

74

"

75

76

77

RE

25 | Wong Oi Chau......

Ninian Crawford..

26 Wong Lam Shi

11th May, 1898, Hongkong, 19th May, 1898, Kau Tong

Village, China, 18th Apr., 1894, Surrey,

England,

5 Catherine Marion Deacon. 18th Apr., 1898, Monic

4 Ho Wyson........

4 Margaret Johnstone or Tor-

bet

9 Ip Tuk Sin

4 Chung Sz Yueng otherwise Chung Shi Yung

9 John Carl Ludwig Rouch 4 Li Hung

9 Cheong A Hon...

14 Maria Isabel d'Oliveira 30 Tsai Mi Ki

16 William Henry Dixon

19 | Chiu Chi Yueng

28 Chu Fuk...

20 Eulalia Rufina Pinheiro......

25th June, 1898, Hongkong,

7th July, 1897, Strauraer,

Scotland,

19th Feb., 1898, Tai Che

Kong, China, 30th Mar., 1898, Shun Tak,

China,

25th June, 1898, Hongkong, 18th June, 1898, Hongkong,

9th June, 1897, Heung

Shan, China, 2nd May, 1898, Macao, 23rd Nov., 1894, Chão Yeong, China, 5th June, 1898, Hongkong,

28th June, 1898, Fatshan,

20 Shiu Wa Iu alias Shiu Wa 13th June, 1898, Pui Kong,

78

Yiu

79

"

21

Wong Ngo Chuen

80

"

26 Yeong A Tim

81

* * * 60

26 Jewan Khan..

26 Mok Chong Po.........

Emma Gertrude Ireland

82

99

83

""

28

30 João de Matta Ozorio...

30 Francisco Xavier de Jesus...

84

"

85

"

86

30 | Chua Pothi

*

China, 26th Nov., 1897, Amoy,

3rd June, 1898, Sau Chow,

China,

with the Will annexed, Letters of Adm.,

16th July, 1898, Hongkong. | Letters of Adm.,

Probate, Letters of Adm. with the Will annexed, Probate,

11th July, 1898, Hongkong,

9th May, 1898, Hongkong. | Letters of Adm.,

11th Dec., 1897, Amoy,

David Robert Fenton Crawford, one of

Edmund Singleton Whealler, attorney for George Coutts Deacon and Fran- ces Alien, the Executors, James William Norton-Kyshe, Official

Administrator,

Agnes Torrance McCreadie, the Execu

Filomeno Maria de Graça, the Executor,. Maria Jozepha Ozorio de Jesus, the law-

ful widow and relict, Chau Shang Chau, the Executor,

Do.,

Charles Edward Heinze, Attorney for

George Muller Beech, the Adminis trator at Tokio, Japan, of the Estate of the deceased,

Wong Cheung Nam, the Executor,.... Arthur Tamagnini Barboza, Attorney for Thereza de Jesus Medeiro, the natu- ral and lawful mother and next of kin,

Jacob Frederic Christian Jebsen, Attor- ney for Wolle Jessen, the natural and lawful brother

600.00

500.00

100.00

4,600.00

200,00

Do.,

Do., Probate,

James William Norton-Kyshe, Official

Administrator,

2,500.00

Chan Piu, the natural and lawful son,. Leung Kin Cho and Cheung Kum Hing,

100.00

the Executors,

127,200.00

Do.,

the Executors,

Do.,

Hung Lam Shi, the Executrix,

82,347.17 200.00

Letters of Adm.

17,000.00

100.00

Probate,

trix.....

1,128.70

Letters of Adm.,

Ip Leong Chau, the lawful widow and

relict,

1,000.00

Probate,

Do., Letters of Adm.,

Chuk Kwok Chun, the Executor,

20,500.00

Chan A-loi, the Executrix,

5,000.00

Do.,

Probate, Letters of Adm.,

| Li So Shi, the lawful widow and relict.... Cheong A-pat, one of the natural and

1,000.00

lawful brothers,

8,000.00

José da Silva, the Executor................

3,500.00

Do.,

Probate, Letters of Adm., Do.,

| Victor Hobart Deacon, Attorney for Tsai

Lim Shi, the lawful widow and relict,, Isabella Roza Lysaught, the natural and

lawful mother and next of kin,. Chiu Chi Tsung, the Executor, Cheung Kiu, the lawful widow and relict Demetrio d'Araujo e Silva, Attorney for Francisco de Paula da Luz, the natu- ral and lawful brother,

1,100.00

350.00

2,900.00

100.00

700.00

Probate,

Letters of Adm. with the Will

Shiu Nun Yin, the Executor,

13,700,00

annexed, Probate,

Herbert Johnson Gedge, Attorney for Wong Kai Kap, one of the natural and lawful sons,

4,600.00

Yeong Kwok Shi, the Executrix,

1,900.00

James William Norton-Kyshe, Official

Administrator,

100.00

Mok Kwong Kow, the Executor,. James Alfred Lowson, Attorney for Henry

Cubitt Ireland, the Executor,

36,900.00

1,200.00

1,500.00

300 00

Probate,

2,000.00

505

CALENDAR of PROBATE and ADMINISTRATION,—Continued.

No.

Date of

Name of Testator or Intestate.

Time and Place of Death.

Grant.

Probate, Administration with the Will annexed, or Administration.

Value

Name and Description of the Executor or Administrator.

sworn

under

1898.

87 Aug. Hormasji Rustamji Davar... 2nd Sept., 1996, Bandora,

38

""

8

89 Sept. 1

George Wright.... William Stanley Stanley-

Adams

90 Aug. 27 Moritz Baar

91

India,

31st July, 1893, Hongkong, 10th Jan., 1898, Spring

Grove, Middlesex, England,

16th Mar., 1898, Woollahra,

Sydney, New South Wales,

Letters of Adm.

with the Will

Muncherjee Mancckjec Mehta, Attorney for Bai Methibai and Rustamjee Te- muljee l'atel, the Executors,

Maria da Luz, the Executrix,

annexed,

800.00

Probate,

300.00

Do.,

Susan Blanche Mary Stanley-Adams, widow, the relict, one of the surviving Executors,

318,718.75

Do..

Moritz Gotthelf, the Executor,

1,062.50

19

25

Wong Ng Leung alias Wong

24th May, 1876, Hongkong,

Letters of Adm.,

Wong Yung Fuk, the natural and lawful

son,

27

25

21st Dec., 1894, Hongkong,

94 Oct.

7

Laurent Roustan otherwise Firmin Henry Laurent Roustan

14th Apr., 1898, Chateau

d'Oex, Switzerland,

Probate,

Letters of Adm.,

Do..

4,000.00

200.00

4,000.00

92

93 Sept. 9

Mun

Yip Ling Mui alias Ling

Kee

Tsang Kun Kiu

|

9th June, 1898, Canton,

Yip Cheang Shi and Yip Lew Shi, the

Executrixes,

Cheuk Tai Tai, the natural and lawful

daughter,

Godfrey Cornewall Chester Master, At-

torney for Philippe Arnhold, Attor- ney for M. Alfred Roustar and Ma- dame Emile Tempier né Therese Rouston, the inheritors,

98

99

100 Oct. 10

101 Sept. 30

102

103

""

23

Singh

Ng Man alias Ng Sui Wan.

Demetrio D'Araujo e Silva. Delphine Mountfort alias

Olga de Ruvigne Wilford Christy

Foo Fung Shi, alias Fung

Shi

10 William Gauld.......................

25 Wong Yut Hin.....

Cheang Yan.......

24th Jan., 1890, Convent

Garden, Middlesex, England,

22nd Sept., 1898, Hongkong,

4th Sept., 1898, Hongkong, 10th Sept., 1898, Hongkong

14th May, 1898, Aberdeen,

Scotland,

7th May, 1898, Sik Loong,

China,

2nd June, 1898, Lei Yu

with the Will annexed, Letters of Adm.,

95 Sept. 7 Lau Kew Wan alias Kew | 13th Aug., 1898, at Sea,

Do.,

Lau Ng Shi, the lawful widow and relict,.

48,900.00 300.00

Wan

96

9 William McClure

1st Sept., 1898, Hongkong,

"J

97

13

:;

13

Thomas Baxter Powell James Allan..

2nd Sept., 1898, Hongkong, 6th Sept., 1898, Hongkong,

Do.,

Probate, Letters of Adm.,

James William Norton-Kyshe, Official

Administrator,

400.00

William Powell, the Executor, James William Norton-Kyshe, Official

Administrator,

2,000.00

400,00

99

13

Budda Singh alias Bhuda | 24th Aug., 1898, Hongkong,

Do.,

Do.,

200.00

1st May, 1898, Macao,

20th Aug., 1898, Macao,

Do.,

Probate,

Ng Au Yeung Shi, the lawful widow and

relict,

1,600.00

16th Sept., 1898, Hongkong, | Letters of Adm.,

Albino da Silveira, the Executor, James William Norton-Kyshe, Official

Administrator,

5,000,00

1,800.00

104

35

30

""

30 John Robertson

105

30

Thomas C. Thorp.....

106 Oct.

5

107

108

"

109

?!

15

110

19

111

21

112

25

Letters of Adm.

James Christy, a creditor,

515.00

James William Norton-Kyshe, Official

Administrator,

200.00

Do., Probate,

Do.,

100.00

Foo Kau, sole Executor,

7,800.00

Letters of Adm..

Annie Sanderson or Swanston or Gauld,

the lawful widow and relict,.

2,000.00

Do.,

Wong Chow Shi, the lawful widow and

relict,

600.00

Probate,

Cheung Wing Shing, the Executor,

2,000.00

Do..

Leung Fung Un, sole Executor.

$,600.00

Do.,

Lau Fan, Siu Fung and Siu Woon, the

Exccutors.

16,000.00

Do.,

Cheng Yek Hin, the Exccator,

1,000.00

Do..

Ricardo Esteban Barretto y Rocha, the

Executor,

1,600.00

11

1

Letters of Adm.,

James William Norton-Kyshe, Official

Administrator,

1,500.00

117

11

7 Ng A Wei

119

120

"}

121

Letters of Adm., Do.,

Probate, Letters of Adm..

Probate,

Do.,

Do.. Probate,

Wong Mun, the natural and lawful sister,. Tong Show Pang, Tong Show Kiang and Tong Ping Joo, the Executors and Universal Legatees,

Ho Tung (as cestui que Trust), Cheung Wong Shi, the lawful widow

and relict,

Adelino Oscar de Gutierrez, the Executor, James William Norton-Kyshe, Official

Administrator,

Robert Gordon Shewan, the Executor,.

2,000.00

¡ 334,600.00

2,000.00 5,000.00

200.00

5,400.00

Edward Osborne, one of the Exccutors,...!

5.00

123

124

11

the natural and lawful brother, Mak Tai Lu, the natural and lawful son,.

18,300.00

25 Leung Fung Hin... 25 Siu Yut Kai alias Min Hing|

113 Nov. 23

114

115

"

Cheng Yee Kan alias Cheng Yik King alias Cheng Wai Hing Guadalupe Rocha y de Icaza

Maria Eliza d'Encarnação...

5 Yeung Mui

116 Dec. 24 Tong Soy Che

118 Nov. 14

122 Dec.

Cheung To Tsun

23 João Antonio da Luz

25 Bhugwan Dos Bogla Rai

Bahadur

26 Alexander Stopani

1 Wilhelm Mathieson

1 Werner Krohn.................

16 Mok Chi Wing...........................

1 George Felix Müller

125

"

126

";

12 Hu Sing Nam

127

">

29 Andreas Jensen Wilgaard

128

Mun, China, 5th Apr., 1898, Canton, 29th Aug., 1898, Canton,

15th Jan., 1898, Manila,

2nd May, 1898, San Sebas-

tian, Manila,

10th Sept., 1897, Cochin,

7th May, 1898, Hongkong, 2nd June, 1898, Hankow,

China,

13th Aug., 1897, Canton, 13th Aug., 1898, at Sea,

30th Oct., 1898, Hongkong,

4th Oct., 1895, Churn,

India,

31st Aug., 1898, Hammer-

smith, Middlesex, England,

23rd Dec., 1895, Christiania,

Norway,

4th Feb., 1897, Foochow,

12th July, 1895, Wai Tung

Village, China,

Sth Nov., 1898, Hongkong,

6th July, 1898, Canton, 10th Sept., 1895, Apenrade,

Germany,

20 William Burrowes Russell... 26th May, 1898, Nagasaki,

Japan,

Letters of Adm., Armin Haupt, Attorney for Franz Krohn,

Letters of Adm. de bonis non, with the Will annexed, Letters of Adm.,

Do.. Letters of Adm. with the Will annexed, Do.,

James William Norton-Kyshe, Official

Administrator,

52,000.00 2,000,00

6,600.00

Hu Tse Shi, the lawful widow and relict,. Herbert Johnson Gedge, Attorney for Catharina Maria Wilgaard, the lawful widow and relict, Herbert Johnson Gedge, Attorney for Frank Pratt Barlow, one of the Exe- cutors.....

400.00

1

Registry, Supreme Court, Hongkong, 9th March, 1899.

A. SETI, Acting Registrar.

TOTAL

NUMBER

TOTAL

NUMBER

OF

OF

CASES.

PRISON-

ERS.

Convicted

and

Punished.

13,341

15,289 ||2,663 (~~

3. F. M. F.

834

M.

M.

1,196 93

65

B

2

F. M. F.

18

ABSTRACT of CASES under COGNIZANCE of the POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURT during the Year 1898.

CASES, HOW DISPOSED OF, AND THE NUMBER OF MALE AND FEMALE PRISONERS UNDER EACH HEAD.

Discharged.

Committed

for Trial at

the Supreme

Court.

Committed to Frison, or

Detained

pending Orders

of H. E. the

Governor.

Order to find Security.*

To keep |

the

Peace.

To be

of good

Beha-

viour.

Did not

brought!

for trial at the

Magistracy.

Witnesses punished for

preferring

False Charge

or giving

wilful False

appear and

absconded.

Escaped before

being

Testimony.

Undecided.

Total

of Number

Prisoners.

WRITS ISSUED BY THE POLICE MAGISTRATES DURING THE YEAR 1898.

Arrest.

Distress.

Warrants.

Search.

For entering

Gambling Houses.

Magis- trates' Orders.

TOTAL

TOTAL

NUMBER

OF FIRE

ENQUIRIES

HELD

DURING THE YEAR 1898.

M. F.

6 191 87

M. F. M. F.

1

1

M. F. M.

M.

F.

25

8 142, 4:14,304 985

2,689

91

3

179

} 1,991

158

5.115

TOTAL MALES AND FEMALES,

.15,289

*

Consisting of Offenders not sentenced to Imprisonment.

1

d

506

507

ABSTRACT OF CASES brought under COGNIZANCE at the POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURT during a period of

Ten Years, from 1st January, 1889, to 31st December, 1898, inclusive.

CASES, HOW DISPOSED OF, AND THE NUMBER OF MALE AND FEMALE PRISONERS UNDER EACH HEAD.

00

19

N

9,530

503

10,243 529

15,693 689

18,969 502

11,972 420

TOTAL NUMBER

YEARS.

OF CASES.

Convicted and Punished.

Discharged.

Committed

detained pending Or- ders of His Supreme Excellency

Commit- to Prison or

ted for Trial at

Ordered to find Security

To keep the

Peace, to be of

Court.

#

4

5

6

7

the Governor.

8

Good Beha- viour, and to answer any Charge.

Did not appear and abs- conded.

Escaped before being brought

Punished for Preferring

Total

False Charge Undecided.

Number

for trialat the Ma-

or giving

gistracy

False Testimony.

of Defendants.

9

12 13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

10

11

M.

F.

བོ

M.

F.

M. F.

M. F.

M. F.

M. F. M. | F.

M.

F. M. F.

M.

F.

:

:

:

:

:..

:

:

1389,

8,070

6,626

268

2,319

1890,

9,739 7,423 317 2,406

178 157 10

151 102

44 10

303

34

15

259

59

1891,

13,676

1892,

11,920

534 13,438

11,771 327

1,906

1,927

134 40

GI

158

19

151 40

1893,

10,727 10,049 306 1,532

75102

wandel

GI

10

191 20

250

1

242 36

Total,....

54,732

49.307 1.752

10,090

689 441 16

83 111,148 168

17

:

64

CO

3

35

1

143

7

28

17

:

45

:

293

61.407 2,643

9.0

58.6

1.4

12,281.4 528.6

10

16

11,530

423

12

199

17,897 1,001

28

CJI

115

18,468 1,100

25

79

12,079

807

25

00

142

14,304

985

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Average per

Year,

10,946 4 9,861 4350.4 | 2,018.0

137.8 88. 3.2

166 2.2 229.6 33.6

1894,

302

1895,

1896,

1897,

11,185

1898,

13,341

9,465

1,716 10,447

17,016 15,058 725 2,345 196 51

797 1,371 208 17,767 16,659

548 1,481 151 10,237

834 1,196 93 12,663

95

63

A

5

255

29

بت

3

282 77

62 21

1

232

72

3

12

188

88

65

3

209

43

1

14.5

1.8 84.4

1.6

13,568.5695.9

!

Total,.

69,756

64,0823,206

8,109

738314 41

9

303

i

100

18

551

74,278 | 4,316

Average per

Year,

13,951.2 12,816.4 641.2 1,621.8

147.6 62.8 8.2

1.8 0.2 222.2 60.60.2 10.2

20.0 3.6

110.2 1.8

14,855.6 863.2

Grand Total

124,488 113,3894,958 18,1991,427 755 57

12 | 2,259 | 471

1

145

18

844

16

135,635 6,959

for the 10 Years,....

Average per

Year,

12,448.8 11,338.9495.81,819.9142.7 175.5 5.7

9.2 1.2225.9 47.10.1

Magistracy, Hongkong, 14th January, 1899.

0.1

13

:

W. C. H. HASTINGS,

Acting Police Magistrate.

508

OFFENCES.

THE CASES CONSISTED OF:-

Arms Consolidation Ordinances 8 of 1895, and 14 of 1895,-

Ammunition-Being in possession of Arms-Carrying or having possession of, without a

license,

""

>>

-Dealers neglecting to keep Register of -Selling to unauthorised persons,

Bribery and Certain other Misdemeanors Punishment,

Ordinance 3 of 1898,

Banishment and Conditional Pardons Ordinance 8 of 1882,-

Banishment-Returning after

Board of Ship Liquor Sale Ordinance 18 of 1886,-

Spirituous Liquors, Selling on board Ships, Building Ordinances 15 of 1889, 25 of 1891 and 7 of 1895,-

Breach of Regulations made under,-By allowing

matsbed latrine in a dirty condition.

Blasting Stones to the danger of Persons & Property,... Cutting earth, or turf, and extracting stones from

Crown Land,..........

Ground Surface-Failing to concrete,

Hoardings and Scaffoldings-Neglecting to erect

during repair of Buildings,

Matshed Overcrowding,

Cattle Diseases Ordinances 17 of 1887, and 17 of 1897,-

Breach of-Neglecting to report, diseased animals

at Government Depôt,..

Cattle-Landing at prohibited wharf, &C.,..... Cascases of animals, Digging up, after having been

buried,

"

-Keeping, in a way which caused needless

or avoidable suffering to them,

-Slaughter Houses, &c., Slaughtering animals

except in,

Chinese Emigration Consolidation Ordinance 25 of 1889

as amended by 1 of 1889,-

Decoying Men or Boys into or away from the Colony,..

Chinese Extradition Ordinance 26 of 1889,-

Chinese Territory-Crimes and Offences committed in, Closed Houses and Insanitary Dwellings Ordinance 15 of

1894,-

Breach of Bye-law made under (Domestic buildings

abut),

No. of CASES.

No. of PRI- SONERS.

No. of

OFFENCES.

No. of

PRI-

CASES.

SONERS.

Brought forward,

703

706

5

Forgery-Ordinance 6 of 1865,-—Continued.

Document-Forging, with intent to defraud,

9

9

64

ANK

64

2

TH 27-

Gambling Ordinance 7 of 1891.-

Common Gaming House-Keeping, or playing in,

$4

841

Dealing in Lotteries,

6

6

Street Gambling,......

263

263

9

9

Watchmen to Street Gamblers-Acting as,

16

16

40

40

Good Order and Cleanliness, Ordinance 14 of 1845,-

Animals-Cruelty to, ..

11

Bonfire Making...

9

3*

3

Breach of the Peace,

49

Dead Body, exposing in the public street,

Disorderly behaviour,

1,103

10

83

4

7

2

* **

2

83

ON ***

10

2

Dogs-Allowing unmuzzled ferocious, to be at large,

-Inciting, to attack persons, &c.,

8

1,583 8

2

Domestic Servants-Misconduct as,

46

Firearms- Discharging, to the danger of the Public........... Furious driving,

4

42

的心

7

Furnitures, &c.,-Removing to evade rent, Indecent exposure of person by bathing, or otherwise, Nuisances Allowing dirt and filth, &c., to remain

exposed,

1

བྲམྦྷརྞྞ ཡཿ སྨཱ

11

9

49

2.

46

4

68

13

13

6

6

1

4

14

Nuisances-Discharging sewage water and offensive

matter into the public side channel, Nuisances-Hanging wet clothes, &c., over Public

1

1

ways,

23

23

1

Nuisances Throwing rubbish, &c., into the Streets, Obstruction of Roads and Streets by Hawkers, and

Shopkeepers,.

152

152

683

683

Stones-Throwing to danger of the public.

4

7

Streams--Defiling,

3

15

15

3

3

ture and Storage of............

Unlawful possession of property,

Gunpowder-Ordinance 1 of 1848, Breach of, Manufac-

Kellets Islan —Ordinance 12 of 1898, Vessels not to

anchor on loiter within 50 yards of,.........................

288

137

of trees, shrubs, &c.,

67

6

Larceny and Other Similar Offences.-Ordinance 7 of

1865,-

Backyards-Neglecting to keep, clear of obstruction,. Basement floors-Inbabiting..

17

173

1

Burglary,

17

Burglary with violence,

95

3

Cocklofts and Mezzanine floors-Erecting, without

Church, Chapel, &c.—Entering, with intent to com-

mit felony...

1

permission from the Sanitary Board,

148

148

Embezzlement,

Cubicles Breach of Regulations for,

4

4

False pretences-Obtaining, or attempting to obtain,

Dead Bodies-Breach of Regulations for removal of,

(Suffering from Infectious disease),... Domestic buildings—Not having impermeable floors

provided,

goods or money by,

30

34

1

1

Felony-Attempting to commit,

10

10

P

4

-Breaking out from a Store after committing a, -Found in Dwelling house, &c., by night,

1

2

52

Ground Surface, &c.-Domestic buildings-Offence

with intent to commit,

19

19

as to,

2

Houses-Neglecting to cleanse and limewash,

3

w to

Housebreaking,

24

28

Premises-Neglecting to keep in clean and whole-

some condition,

79

79

Larceny as a bailee,

-by servants,

-Common,.

1

1

3

3

965

1,092

Coinage Offences-Ordinance 10 of 1865,-

Counterfeit Coins- Uttering, or being in possession of, Common Law,—

13

13

-from a dwelling House,

-from the person,...

from Ships or boats in the Harbour,

77

83

10

13

Bribery,

Cut and Wound, Attempting to,

Conspiracy to accuse of Crime,....

Indecent and obscene prints-Exposing for Sale,.

Suicide Attempting to commit,

Coroner's Abolition Ordinance 17 of 1888,-

Juror-Neglecting to answer Coroner's Summons to

attend Inquest,.

Army Annual Act 1897,-Desertion at Singapore,

Dangerous Goods Ordinances 8 of 1873 and 8 of 1892,—

Dangerous Goods-Boat laden with, anchoring in

prohibited place,

3

1

Sad

1

Dangerous Goods - Boat conveying, without proper

precaution,

22

22

Dangerous Goods-Conveying or exposing for Sale, without attaching labels to cases or vessels con- taining the same,

2

N

N

- 30

fo N 19 and pond

"

Dangerous Goods-Ships, &c. lying alongside Wharf or landing place to land or ship, for more than 15 minutes,

Dangerous Goods-Ships, &c., neglecting to hoist a

Red Flag when laden with,

Dangerous Goods-Storing, more than the quantity

allowed by license,

Dangerous Goods-Storing without a lie nce, Dangerous Goods-Selling without a licence,

1

"

00 50 10

3

6

5

00 30 40

3

5

Dogs Ordinance 9 of 1893,—

Dogs-Unlicensed keeping of,

96

96

Extradition Act of 1870 and 1873-Offence under,

1

1

Exportation of Military Stores Ordinance 13 of 1862,—

Exporting ammunition prohibited by Proclamation,...

1895,-

Forgery-Ordinance 6 of 1865,---

Disorderly behaviour while drunk,

Forged instruments-Obtaining goods or money by,...

1

2

Drunkenness,

Carried forward.......................

703

706

Carried forward..........

6,612 8,221

-of fruit or vegetable productions in Garden, --from a Store,

Menaces-Demanding money by,

-Robbery from the person,.

-Robbery from the person with violence,

Stolen goods-Receiving.

Licensing Consolidation Ordinance 21 of 1887,- Hawker's Licence-Transferring of,........

Hawking within the prescribed limits of Market,

-Unlicensed,

Public Vehicles-Breach of Regulations-Not hav-

:

>>

99

"

??

: :

22

ing a scale of fare attached to the License Board,

-Demanding more than legal fare,...

-Carrying no lights between sunset:

and sunrise,

...

--Obstruction of streets by,

-Refusing to accept hire when un-

employed,

-Refusing to complete journey,

-Refusing to pay fare of,

-Using insulting language, Drivers,. -Placing in a place, not authorised

by Police,

-Unlicensed, plying with,

-Using, for conveyance of merchan- dise, or dead bodies or persons suffering from infectious diseases, -Bearers or Drivers of-Unlicensed,.

Magistrate's Ordinance 10 of 1890, as amended by 12 of

7

4

19

1-20

15

15

3

4

23

2

251

251

645

645

22

34

66

96

96

37

37

NN 800 102

***

4

30

22 ** ** *O

30

2

241

241

116

116

307

307

CASES,-Continued.

No. of

509

OFFENCES.

Brought forward..............

Magistrate's Ordinance 10 of 1890, as amended by 12 of

1895,-Continued.

False Charge,-Preferring-or wilfully giving false

evidence,

Insulting expression-Using, or behaving in an in-

sulting manner before Magistrate, Prisoner-Escaping from Victoria Gaol, Recognizances-Breach of,

Malicious injuries to property, Ordinance 8 of 1865,-

Arson.....

NO. OF

CASES.

PRI-

SONERS.

6,612 8,221

OFFENCES.

Brought forward,..

No. of CASES.

No.or PRI-

SONERS.

33

**

33

33

Naval Stores Ordinance 9 of 1875,-

Anchorage of Ships of War--Dredging at, Marine and Naval Stores-Dealers in, not keeping

books according to Schedule,....

Marine and Naval Stores-Dealing in, without a

$,301

9,910

36

36

3

18

18

license,

3

Nuisances-Ordinance 10 of 1872,-

130

130

1

Street Cries by Hawkers,

Chai Mui-Night noises by playing at the Game

known as,

51

51

173

173

Injuries to property,

37

37

Offences against the person.

Ordinances 4 of 1865,

Injuries to trees or vegetable productions in Garden........] Markets Ordinances 17 of 1887 and 23 of 1890,-

and 9 of 1897,—

Assault-Causing grievous bodily harm,..

Articles of food for man- -Exposing for Sale, in a

place other than a Public Market,

11

-Common,

728

1,007

286

286

"

""

clean Stalls &c., in),,

-Nuisances in,

19

-Sleeping in,

Fish, &c.,-Selling in Markets, not being holders of

stalls,

Game-Plucking, in a place other than that set

"

**

apart for the purpose,

-Bye-laws, Breach of, (Neglecting to Keep

-Obstructing the Avenue of,

-Selling flesh meat in-Other than Slaugh-

tered in Slaughter House,

Unwholesome provisions-Exposing

bringing. into the Colony,

Merchandise Marks Ordinance 15 of 1890,—

Breach of,

Merchant Shipping Act, 1894,—

for Sale, or

Seamen &c., Disorderly behaviour on board Ship, Seamen-Disobeying lawful orders of Masters in

Surreptitious passage-Obtaining,

Merchant Shipping Consolidation Ordinance 26 of 1891,-

British Ships,

Boarding Ships without permission,

Boats-Concealing the number of,

"

-Making fast to ship under way,

-Mooring within the limits of Men-of-War

anchorage,

12223

32

1

1

*99*

53

*98*

53

15

N

N

со

8

10

10

1

1

16

16

4

4

Opium Divan. Keeping, Unlicensed.........

1

17

17

Prepared Opium-Being in possession of, without

10

46

09

995

10

having valid certificates,

1,455

1,455

46 Opium Ordinance 22 of 1887 and 22 of 1891,—

Breach of (Raw),

22

22

6

co

Pawnbrokers Ordinance 3 of 1860,-

55

-Mooring in shore between the hours of 9

o'clock at night and gun-fire in the morning.

Breach of, for not giving true accounts by applicant, License-Breach of, by taking in pawn in prohibited

1

1

86

"

-Mooring, unlawfully within the Typhoon

Refuge,

-Refusing to accept hire,

to show Licenses to Police,.

&c.-Unlicensed,

"

Boat Licences-Breach of conditions of,

Cargo-boat-License, breach of conditions of,

Fairways-Obstructing,

Goods unlawfully obtained-Throwing into water, Junk-Anchoring in prohibited place,

༤-་ེ

16

11

109 109

% ༤༠ཎྜི

hours,

Pawnbrokers-Acting as, without a license,

3

3

16

6

11

-Failing to be given up articles when producing the ticket described therein,

1

1

1

Peace and Quiet Ordinance 17 of 1844,-

Breach of,

10

10

4

60

60

Piers and Wharves Ordinance 18 of 1884,-

Private Wharves-Trespass on,

1

1

23

**

9

Vessels-Master of, having upwards of 200 lbs. of

Explosive on board, Neglecting to furnish par- ticulars on arrival,

"

1

1

Nuisances in Harbour,

103

103

Quarantine Regulations--Breach of,

16

16

Seamen-Absenting from duty, from British or

Foreign Ships,

15

15

""

- Desertion of, from British or Foreign Ships, -Boarding House, Keeping, Unlicensed,

Ships, &c.-Anchorage or Harbour-Leaving with-

"

out Clearance or during prohibited hours,

-Cargo, &c.-Furnishing untrue particu-

5

1

11

Police Force Consolidation Ordinance, 14 of 1887,-

Police Constables-Misconduct as,

-Designation of a Ordinance 9 of

1862,

Police Force Regulation, Ordinance 9 of 1862,—

Police Constables-Assault on, in execution of duty... -Obstructing, or resisting, in the

discharge of their duties, Private Vehicle Ordinance 13 of 1895,-

Private Vehicles-Breach of Regulations for,

-Not keeping rule of the Road,

Prison Ordinance 18 of 1885,—

Prisoner-Aiding or abetting, to escape.

**

-Being a discharged--attempting to convey

letters, &c., out of Gaol,

Post Office Ordinance, 1 of 1887.—

Regulations of transmission of Chinese Correspond-

ence Breach of....

3

3

57

72

20

20

-Destructive Substance, Throwing with in- tent to do grievous bodily harm, -Indecent,

Assault-On boys and females under 14 years of age.

With intent to rob,

**

"

-Unnatural Offence, Committing or At-

tempting,

-Upon a person with intent to resist or pre-

vent lawful apprehension, Child Stealing,

Cutting and wounding with intent to do grievous

bodily harm,

Cutting and wounding with intent to commit murder, Murder,

Stupefying drug, &c.-Administering,

Workman, &c.-Intimidating.

Opium Ordinance (Prepared)-21 of 1891, as amended

by 15 of 1897 and 1 of 1898,—

Excise Officer-Assault on,

-Opium, Warrants, Improperly ob-

tained by,

242H

ANN

72945

4

+

55

21:30

63 a

1

51

51

lars of,

19

-Refusing to deposit at the Harbour Mas-

ter, Ship's articles,

-Fireworks-Discharging,

""

-Gunpowder, possession of more than 15

tbs. on,

-Lights-Neglecting to exhibit at night,

-Not having certificated Master,...

of ship,

Passengers-Carrying, in excess, -Master-Neglecting to report on arrival

Steam Launch-Exhibiting side lights not fitted with in board screens between sunset

6

Letters. &c. Stealing, forging, Stamps or other

felonies,

G

I

213

213

4

Public Buildings, Gardens, &c.-Regulations for main- tenance of good order and preservation of property in. Ordinance 8 of 1870,-

30

30

3

Kennedy Road Regulations-Breach of, Public Gardens-Breach of Regulations for. Wong Nei Chung Recreation Ground Regulations-

Breach of,

~*

2

24

24

2

and sunrise,

4

Public Health Ordinances 24 of 1887 and 4 of 1895,--

Bakehouse Bye-laws-Breach of,

8

Steam Whistles-Unnecessarily blowing, Telegraph Cables-Anchoring within the limits of

area of.

Wharves-Embarking passengers at prohibited,

"

Morphine Ordinance 13 of 1893,-

Breach of,

-

Macao Extradition Ordinance 1 of 1881, Offences under,.

Carried forward...............................

-Neglecting to paint the number of passengers in the bow of,.

1

12

12

3

3

11

11

—Obstruction of, by boat people,................

82

82

Q. 21

σ 2

Boats, &c.-Breaming on foreshore..... Common Kitchen -Using, as sleeping room, Common Lodging Houses Regulations-Breach of. Common Lodging House Keepers, l'ermitting females above 10 years of age to occupy the same sleeping apartments for immoral purposes... Common Lodging Houses-Unlicensed keeping of, Drain, &c.-Leaving open and unprotected, Domestic buildings erecting without permission

from Director of Public Works,

1

1

113

113

1

1

155

155

S

1

1

8,301 9,910

Carried forward

11,299 13,217

i

510

OFFENCES.

Brought forward,...

Public Health Ordinances 24 of 1887 and 4 of 1895,-

Continued.

CASES.-Continued.

No. of CASES.

NO. OF PRI-

SONERS,

11,299 13,217

OFFENCES.

No. of

CASES.

No. or

PRI-

SONERS.

Brought forward................

[12,197 | 14,117

Rogues and Vagabonds,—Continued.

Rogues and Vagabonds-Wandering abroad and

lodging in the open air,

697

697

2

2

Rogues and Vagabonds-Exposing to view obscene

pictures,

Slaughter-House Ordinance, 17 of 1887, and 25 of 1895,- Slaughter-house Regulations-Breach of, Passing

animals into without inspection,

+1

Spirit Licences, Ordinances 21 of 1886, and 24 of 1898,-

Chinese Spirit Shop Regulations—Breach of, Intoxicating Liquors-Selling without license,

-Distilling without license,. Licensed Publicans-Breach of Regulations for, Public House-Intoxicating Liquor, Adulteration of,.

-Intoxicating Liquor, Selling during

prohibited hours in,

17

Stowaways Ordinance 7 of 1897,-

Stowaways.

Small Tenements Recovery Ordinance 27 of 1897, Telegram Messages Ordinance 14 of 1894, Breach of,.

The Uniform Ordinance 10 of 1895,-

Military Uniform-Wearing,....

Domestic buildings, occupying, without a certificate

from Sanitary Board.

10

10

Excretal matters- Irrigating land with, ncar Public

Road,

1747

Latrine Regulations-Breach of,

Laundry Ordinance, Breach of...............

Laundries -Using, as sleeping rooms, Laundries-Unregistered,

Night Soil or noxious waters-Carrying, during pro- hibited hours, or depositing in the Streets, Nuisances-Neglecting to abate, after notice served

by the Sanitary Board,

Offensive trade Establishment, Breach of Bye-Laws

made under,

Overcrowding-in tenement house,

Overcrowding-in Opium Divan,

Officer &c. of Sanitary Board, neglecting the free

access of.

Pigs, &c.--Keeping, without license,

Plague and other infectious diseases-Neglecting to

report cases of,

52

52

9

9

to 00 00

3

3

3

1106

نات

}

13

Ι

17

17

2

15

6

10 to mo

15

19 10 m

18

18

Person-Not approved of, by Sanitary Board to

carry out house drainage works.

Triad and Unlawful Societies Ordinance 8 of 1887,

Suppression of.................

1

Vagrancy, Ordinance 25 of 1897,–

Registration of Births and Deaths Ordinance 16 of

1896,-

Vagrants.

2283

32

29

29

Verandahs erected over Crown Lands, Ordinance 4 of

Dead Bodies-Unlawful removal of,

19

19

1888,-

Death-Failing to report,

Enclosure of, —

1

1

Regulation of Chinese Burials, and Prevention of certain

Nuisances, Ordinance 12 of 1856,-

Waterworks, Ordinance 16 of 1890,-

Water, Wasting,

$8

88

Obeying calls of nature in the streets or in improper

places,..

Weights and Measures Ordinance 8 of 1885,

141

141

Breach of,

150

150.

Roads and Streets-Injury to,

Roads and Streets-Obstruction to ways, seashore

&c.,

74

Shrubs, Trees-Cutting or destroying,

84

82

* 2*8

Duty of, Examiners of Weights and Measures, Ob-

structing,

35

35

Wild Birds and Game, Ordinances 15 of 1885 and 4 of

1892,

Birds and Game-Unlicensed taking of,

F-

Water Closet Ordinance 12 of 1891,

34

Women and Girls Protection Ordinance 9 of 1897,

Abduction of girls under 16 years of age,

*

૩.

Trespass on Crown Land,

Regulation of Chinese People. Ordinance 8 of 1858,-

Building-Occupying or erecting, on land not being

under lease from the Crown,

Mendicancy,......

Regulation of Chinese Ordinance 13 of 1888.-

Bills-L'osting, without permission from Registrar

General,

Drums and Gongs-Night noises by beating, Fireworks-Discharging, without permits,..

Rogues and Vagabonds, 5th of Geo. IV Chapter 83. s. 4,—

Rogues and Vagabonds-As suspicious characters,.... Rogues and Vagabonds-Found in Dwelling house,

&c. for an unlawful purpose, Rogues and Vagabonds-Indecent exposure of person, Rogues and Vagabonds-Receiving monies &c. for

Charitable Contributions under false pretences,...

Carried forward...........

228

228

10

71 3

༠༠༦

10

τι

3

1

|12,197|14,117

Decoying women or girls into or away from the

Colony,

Defilment of girl between 12 and 16 years of age,. Detaining, harbouring, or receiving women or girls

for the purpose of prostitution,

Indecent assault upon any female,

Letting out for hire women or girls for the purpose of prostitution and knowingly deriving profits therefrom, Purchasing, pledging, or selling women or girls for

the purpose of prostitution,

TOTAL,..

29

39

AN ON

10

AN N

16.

13,341 15,289

115

No. 10.

HONGKONG.

No. 3 99

REPORT OF THE HEAD MASTER OF QUEEN'S COLLEGE FOR THE YEAR 1898.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor.

QUEEN'S COLLEGE, HONGKONG, 21st January, 1899.

SIR,-I have the honour to forward the Annual Report on this College for the year 1898. 1. The total number on the roll for the year 1898 was 1,344, or 132 in excess of the previous year. The largest numbers present in any one month were 1,014 in February and 1,007 in March, as against 961 and 953 in 1897. The largest attendance on one day was 991, while in 1897 it was 911.

2. In spite of thus raising our number of seats from 924 to 1,014, we were obliged to turn away over 120 boys. I therefore reported to the Government that the demand for admission exceeded the accommodation, and recommended an increase in the rate of Fees from 1st April. His Excellency the Acting Governor, on the advice of the Governing Body, approved; and Government Notification 103 was accordingly published.

3. The attendance from the end of March onwards was seriously affected by the Plague, so that it is not possible to make a reliable report on the effect of raising the Fees. I am, however, of opinion that not more than a dozen boys left on the latter account. Över 100 boys returned in September, cheerfully paying arrears, which varied from $12 to $18; and 148 new boys were admitted, the largest number ever enrolled in the last quarter of the year; both which facts may be taken as indi- cations that the Chinese recognise the increased rate as reasonable.

4. The total amount of Fees was $21,593, which is an increase of $8,138 upon the previous year's revenue from this source, and more than double the collection in 1896. Owing to a reduction of $1,200 in the Crown Agents' Account, the cost of the College to the Government was $16,303 or $9,320 less than in 1897.

5. The following Table will illustrate the varying fortunes of the College, years:

during the last five

Average Ex- of each

pense

Scholar for Average Daily Attendance.

Number of

Scolars.

Number of School Days.

Monthly Enrolment.

Average Daily Attendance.

School Fees.

Actual Nett Expenditure.

Maximum. Minimum.

1894

1048

222

881

85

545

$11,562

$25,752.00

$47.22

1895

1024

233

788

577

547

12,667

28,431.50

43.61

1896

988

235

677

489

521

9,948

27,541.15

52.86

1897

1212

230

961

531

825

1898

1344

235

1,014

669

753

13,460 21,593

25,623.52

31.06

16,303.91

21.65

6. In my last Report, I stated that my suggestion for the appointment of 4 Senior and 4 Junior Assistant Masters, instead of 6 Assistant Masters had been approved; but that we should have to await a further vacancy amongst the Senior Assistant Masters before the full number of 8 Assistant Masters could be attained. In view, however, of the increased attendance and ampler revenue, it has been decided to appoint a Third Junior Assistant Master at once.

7. Owing to various Departmental economies ($1,953), the total extra increase in the Estimated Expenditure for 1899, due to these changes is $2,207; at which extra cost, the College has the benefit of two additional English Masters and a Native Mathematical Master. A further reduction of at least $1,272 will be effected when, in accordance with the approved scheme, it shall be found practicable to transfer to other departments one Senior English Assistant Master and two Senior Chinese Assistants. This will leave at the most $935, as the final actual extra expenditure, incurred by these changes.

8. Mr. E. RALPHS was appointed on 23rd March, and Mr. B. JAMES, B.A., of Merton College, Oxford, arrived on the last day of September. These gentlemen are the two Junior Assistant Masters selected, in lieu of appointing one Senior Assistant Master to the vacancy caused by the resignation of Mr. JAMESON, in September, 1897.

9. On the 1st March, Mr. U HANG-KAM, A.A., distinguished in Mathematics at the Oxford Senior Local Examination 1895, was appointed Native Mathematical Master on probation, till the end of the year. He discharged his duties most satisfactorily, and was confirmed in the post from the 1st January. The advantages, expected to be derived by placing English and Senior Chinese Masters in charge of lower classes, for a short time daily, have been realised; and in a year or two, great improve- ment in intelligence and acquaintance with English should be perceptible.

10. Mr. JONES has been seconded to the Supreme Court, throughout the year. Mr. MACHELL went on twelve months' leave after six years' service and nearly a dozen years' continuous residence in the Colony. Mr. HANKEY, who was acting for Mr. JONES, left for Australia on 1st July. Mr. Li Ur, tenth Chinese Assistant, died of small-pox in January last.

Class.

116

11. The Oxford Local results this year show considerable improvement, there being 59% passes instead of 18%. Ten certificates in all were obtained; 4 Senior, 3 Junior and 3 Preliminary. The non-Chinese passes are highly creditable. C. B. HAYWARD obtained distinction in English, in the Junior Local Examination, being bracketed 7th out of a list of 63 so honoured in all England.

12. Through the kind services of the Inspector of Schools, the declaration of poverty, imposed in 1892, as a condition for competing for Free Education at this College, was removed. Candidates must be scholars at the Government Anglo-Chinese District Schools. Eight boys offered themselves last February, but none qualified; the elementary work being far too weak. Now that the Scholarships competition is restored, it is to be hoped that, as in former years, it will prove a stimulus to aiming at a higher standard in the District Schools; and that as a consequence, boys from these Schools may on admission to Queen's College be found fit for higher classes than the Preparatory School. The removal of this restiction was, I believe, the last act, in connexion with Education, performed by the ex-Governor, Sir WILLIAM ROBINSON, G.C.M.G.; and it will be highly appreciated by the Chinese; as in the ten years when these Scholarships were opened the Free Scholars often highly distinguished them- selves, and all of them obtained respectable situations, which, without Free Education, would in most cases have been beyond their attainment.

13. In June, His Excellency General BLACK, C.B., as Acting Governor, honoured us with a personal inspection of the work at the College. We were the more gratified with this mark of friendly interest, as it is ten years since we were similarly favoured.

14. We are much indebted to the Honourable Director of Public Works, for several improvements. The loop-holed wall overlooking the premises from Bridges Street has been made solid, thus putting an end to a long continued series of nuisances and interruptions. A spiked bar was placed over the gate leading to the playground, to prevent incursions from street ragamuffins. The Store-room was removed elsewhere, and the partition between its former site and a small class-room having been removed, an additional large room of 60 seats was provided, increasing the accommodation by 24 seats, with a possible annual gain of $576 in Fees.

15. This institution has recently provided several Native Masters for Schools in Borneo and the empires of China and Japan. At Yokohama, I had the opportunity of paying a visit to the Tung Man School under the charge of two of our former Pupil-teachers. I found admirable discipline and excellent progress made in the six months, since the opening of the School.

16. In accordance with instructions from the Governing Body, I examined the Lower and Prepa- ratory Schools of this College; the Upper School being reported upon by Independent Examiners. The result is as follows:-457 boys, or 83 % passed, out of 550 examined.

Lower School......... 332 boys examined, 249 or 75% passed.

Preparatory School .... 218

""

??

208 96

""

""

The work of the Preparatory School is excellent as usual, requiring only the last quarter of the year for its preparation. The weakness of the Lower School may be attributed to the fact, that the prevalence of the plague rendered necessary a repetition of the course of enforced promotions the detrimental effect of which in 1897 was referred to in my last Report. I am at a loss, however, to account for the obtrusive collapse of the Lower School in the important subject Arithmetic, the per- centages in which are far inferior to those obtained in Grammar, Geography, Composition and English Conversation; while the results in Reading, Dictation and Translations from and into Chinese are up to the ordinary average. Under the circumstances I refrain from commenting in detail on the indivi- dual subjects, leaving the figures in the adjoining Tables to speak for themselves. I should, however, fail in my duty, if I abstained from bearing testimony to the excellent steady work of masters and boys throughout the year, in the face of discouraging circumstances.

TABLE 1.-TOTAL NUMBER OF PASSES IN EACH SUBJECT.

Total number.

examined.

Total number

passed.

Colloquial.

Reading.

Arithmetic.

IV

55

43

34

54

9

40

40

49

36

A.,

46

31

17

45

10

25

31

32

21

B.,

V

52

39

25

51

27

46

39

35

32

A.,

33

24

11

29

3

27

27

15

16

B.,

31

29

14

31

9

31

30

28

21

C.,

VI

46

36

25

45

21

37

33 39

34

A.,

35

21

6

35

15

16

19 25

18

B.,

34

26

16

32

11

29

27 25

17

C.,

VII

56

55

55

52

55

46

50

44

FRENEE :

41

24

36

33

29

19

25

31

36

11

11

25

16

18

28

27

20

...

11

12

11

11

A.,

33

33

33

30

32

27

32

26

B.,

31

25

27

23

18

23

17

16

C.,

VIII A.,

45

44

44

44

27

26

25

26

B.S

26

25

26

21

18**

39

31

39

23

22

24

25

19

14

44

27

26

C.,

Dictation.

Translation

E. to C.

Translation

C. to E.

Grammar.

Geography.

Map-drawing.

Composition.

TABLE II-PERCENTAGE OF PASSES IN EACH SUBJECT. :.

117

Class.

Total number examined.

Total percentage passed.

Colloquial.

Reading.

Arithmetic.

IV

A,

55

778

62

98

16

B.,

46 67

37

98

V

A.,

52

75

48

98

52

B..

33

73

33

88

2229

72

72

89

54

67

70

88

83

74

82

90

50

C.,

31

93

45

100

29

100

97

90

VI

A.,

46

78

54

98

46

80

85

95

B.,

35

60

17

100

43

46

57

76

C.,

34

76

47

94

32

$5

79

74

VII

A.,

56

98

98

93

98

87

94

B.,

33

100

100

91

97

84

100

C.,

31

81

87

74

58

82

61

Writing. UNNAR

Dictation.

Translation

E. to C..

Translation

C. to E.

Grammar.

Geography.

Map-drawing.

Composition.

65

75

44

46

72

63

63

48

60

48

33

33

68

52

58

90

74

59

43

52

32

34

50

32

32

79

79

52

...

VIII A.,

45

98

98

98

87

77

95

...

98

B.,

27

96

92

96

85

81

89

C.,

26

96

100

81.

96

90

67

...

100 100

17. The usual Tables of Statistics are annexed.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,.

Your most obedient Servant,

GEO. H. BATESON WRIGHT, D.D., Oxon.,

Head Master.

Honourable T. SERCOMBE SMITH, LL.B.,

January,

February,

March,

April,

Acting Colonial Secretary.

1898.

QUEEN'S COLLEGE.

Number

Number

Month.

of Scholars.

of Attendances.

Number of School days.

Average Daily Attendance.

Remarks.

May,

June, July,

August,

September,

October,

November,

December,

Total,............

808

7,656

10

766

1,014

12,518

13

963

1,007

25,032

27

927

883

11,970

16

748

714

13,858

24

577

669

14,354

25

574

708

14,629

22

665

687

4,676

7

668

868

13,057

16

816

860

21,153.

26

814

844

20,475

26

786

817

17,489

23

760

176,867

235

Total Number of ATTENDANCES during 1898,

..176,867

Number of SCHOOL DAYS during 1898,

235

Average DAILY ATTENDANCE during 1898,

759

Total Number of SCHOLARS at this School during 1898,

1,344

118

AVERAGE EXPENSE OF EACH SCHolar at Queen's College during 1898.

Expenditure,-

Cash Book,

Exchange Compensation,

Do...

Crown Agents,

Do.,

Adjustment of Exchange,.................

Deduct,-

School Fees,

Sale of Books,

Refund,

Total Expense of the College,

$29,648.81

5,142.90

2,483.29

713.32

$37,988.32

$21,598.00

85.72

.69

$21,684.41

.$16,303.91

Average Expense of each Scholar-

Per Number on Roll,

Per Average Daily Attendance,

..$12.13

21.65

GBO. H. BATESon Wright, D.D., Oxon.,

Head Master.

-

127

No. 5 99

HONGKONG.

REPORT ON QUEEN'S COLLEGE BY THE EXAMINERS APPOINTED BY THE GOVERNMENT FOR 1899.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor.

HONGKONG, 3rd February, 1899.

SIR-I have the honour to transmit the report of the Examiners on Queen's College for 1898. The Governing Body suggest that it be printed along with the Head Master's report.

I have the honour to be,

The Honourable

THE ACTING COLONIAL SECRETARY,

&c.,

&c.,

&c.

Sir,

Your obedient Servant,

A. M. THOMSON,

Hon. Secretary.

CANTON, January 27th, 1899.

GENTLEMEN,-We have the honour of laying before you the following report of the Annual Exa- mination of the Upper Part of the College, which we have, by order of the Government, lately conducted.

We carefully set papers in accordance with the schedule of work that was given us beforehand, taking care that none of the questions were above the standard indicated by the schedule. The work as a whole was fairly satisfactory; the teaching was obviously very careful-so much so that, in many cases, the boys seemed to consider anything in the shape of independent thought unnecessary. The large proportion of failures in some of the forms is not to be ascribed altogether to idleness or stupidity; careful work of some ability was shewn by many boys, who were, however, clearly beyond their depth. We understand that the cause, this year as last, is the rapid promotion necessitated by the influx of large numbers of boys at the bottom of the School; with the result that boys are required to do senior work, before they have acquired a sound elementary grounding. The dangers of this system are so obvious that we would suggest some change: for instance, that the promotions in case of need should be made merely nominal, for the sake of getting a more convenient division of the numbers of the boys. We venture to think that, though this system may seem to imply a lowering of the standard of the higher forms, the final results would shew an improvement. To make a boy do work that he cannot fully understand, if it does not result in mere confusion, furthers the tendency to an absolute reliance on memory-the besetting fault of the Chinese boy, as instanced in this Examination: the adoption of any system that would foster independence of thought would have the best results. This criticism is prompted by a general review of all the papers, but more especially by a comparison of the General Intelligence papers with the rest of the work offered. The style of answer in the General Intelligence was a pleasant surprise: the boys could not trust to memory, and consequently there were few or no instances of the catch phrases that ruined so many of the answers in the other papers.

The English of the Chinese boys was on the whole satisfactory. Some of the questions were misunderstood, and some of the answers were unintelligible but with a few exceptions, and in spite of an entire lack of style, the boys managed to make their meaning clear. A common fault in the whole School was a want of concentration; at times there would be pages of manuscript bearing no relation to the questions of the paper. This is the more to be regretted, as it appeared more often in the case of the better boys: many wasted so much time in giving irrelevant (though correct) information, that they were forced to leave unattempted questions which were probably within their scope-u fault which resulted in a heavy loss of marks.

The writing and general neatness, especially of the Chinese boys, was very good, in spite of the fact that, in some cases, boys who could write let themselves be hurried into untidiness and carelessness, A little more care might have been devoted to formulating and tabulating the answers.

128

We now append our remarks on each subject :-

Reading and Conversation.--Good: as far as could be judged in a ten minutes' examination of each boy, the reading was careful and accurate and the questions in conversation seemed to be under- stood, and were, in the majority of cases, answered fairly intelligently.

Dictation.--In all the forms except IB. was very well done, the lowest percentage of passes being 83. The failure in IB. was unaccountable. The passage from DICKENS read to them was not under- stood-perhaps because the sentences were rather long to be grasped with ease; but this would not explain the most egregious misspellings of simple words.

Arithmetic. The work was neatly done, that from the head class being good, the standard of the non-Chinese boys being rather higher than that of the corresponding Chinese classes. More atten- tion should be paid to accuracy in working, and to confining the work to the actual question set; in many cases, totally irrelevant answers were given. Decimals are not sufficiently understood or used. A constant source of error was a blind reliance on remembered rules, and the attempt to fit the ques- tion set into some rule of formula. Rules and formule, if not thoroughly understood, are worse than useless: each question should be looked at from its own point of view, and, generally speaking, every step in its working fully explained; if a rule is used, it should be as indicating a method of reasoning, rather than as a reason in itself.

Algebra.-The head non-Chinese classes did very well: the Chinese classes do not seem to grasp the idea of Algebra, or to have had sufficient practice in the solution of examples. Simple equations. were poorly done, while factors (a most important branch of elementary Algebra) were hardly attempted. In the lower classes, the laws of signs and the elements of the subject were not under- stood, whilst Multiplication, Division and Subtraction were used indiscriminately.

Euclid was very well done, though the writing out of the propositions seemed to be more a matter of memory than of reason. There was little facility shewn in dealing with riders, and few boys succeeded in solving them. In the lower classes, abbreviations should not be used till at least half of first book has been learnt.

Translation--English to Chinese.-The work in Class I was good. A descriptive piece from Dickens was translated with marked intelligence by the A section of the class, and some translations were written in good literary style. In section B only one boy failed to pass, and there were no failures in section A.

The other classes were asked to translate selections from their several reading-books. Results in IIB shewed careful teaching: results in IIA were, however, disappointing. Some answers were spoilt by carelessness, and in others it was apparent that the meaning of the English was not understood.

In Class III there was a fair percentage of passes, and a few boys obtained high marks. If the English sentences had been broken up into parts, and the boys had reflected a little on the usages of particular words, many defects in translation might have been avoided.

Translation-Chinese to English.-The work in La and IIA was commendable. Nearly all the papers from both sections of Class II were marked by independence of effort on the part of the boys. In the A section of the class, every boy translated with fair correctness.

In Iв there was too little original work, and in Class III many boys, in their unsuccessful attempts to reproduce translations learned in the class-room, wrote nonsense. Having regard to the educational value and practical uses of Chinese to English Translation, the subject should be carefully taught in all classes.

Grammar.-This subject was very fairly well done in all classes. The analysis, however, was not up to a very high standard, the chief difficulty lay in the proper breaking up of the sentences. In the lower classes the parsing left something to be desired. When definitions were asked for, many boys attempted to keep to the words of the book by pure effort of memory, with results that shewed that the book had never been really understood.

Geography was very fair. The map-drawing in those classes that had England for their subject was good--in some cases excellent; the maps of the other European countries were not so good. The spelling of names was inaccurate, boys could not write sounds that were obviously femiliar to their ears. At times the inaccuracy was due to Chinese pronunciation (e.g. Alaps for Alps), but more often it was a mere matter of spelling. It is in the Geography and History that the faults of inaccuracy and want of concentration are most clearly marked; boys constantly failed to answer the question set, either because they did not understand it, or because they had read it carelessly, and much irrelevant knowledge was unnecessarily introduced.

The work of the large Classes IIIAB was uneven but not good: a fact perhaps due to the unwieldy size of the form. The Physical Geography paper for the upper classes was not difficult, but few seemed to understand the subject well. Here and in the History, boys were constantly quoting sentences at haphazard from the book, without any idea of their meaning. The work of the non- Chinese classes was good. Two or three papers at the top of each class deserve special mention they were excellent,

;

129

History. A good proportion of excellent papers was done: this was as satisfactory a subject as any. DALGLEISH'S Medieval England seemed rather above the standard of some of the boys who took it: they could, however, remember outlines as given in the more elementary text-book. Amongst the Chinese boys the conception of History seemed to be a patchwork: each reign was taken to form a complete whole, so that difficulty was found in tracing a particular line of events through more than a single reign.

Shorthand.—Mr. THOS. H. REID, of the China Mail, was kind enough to assist us in the Shorthand Examination. He writes:-" On the whole the shorthand writing was neat and well formed; but some of the papers indicate carelessness and lack of practice in the formation of outlines. The "transcription from shorthand was invariably excellent, and the majority of mistakes were obviously "due to want of knowledge of the English language.

"Taking into consideration the age of the pupils and their mixed nationality, the teacher deserves "to be congratulated on the success he has achieved; and if type-writing is combined with shorthand, Queen's College should turn out a number of pupils able to fill positions as shorthand clerks in local

"offices and business houses.

66

Although the boy who sat for a speed test of 30 words a minute returned a good paper, I strongly deprecate any test for speed until the pupil has completed the study of PITMAN'S Manual,” and obtained some knowledge of the Grammalogues and Contractions in "The Reporter's Companion."

General Intelligence.--More originality was shewn in this

other. Such questions paper than in any as were tried were mostly well done; and had the boys been induced to write all they knew of the paper, the result would have furnished an excellent criterion of their relative merit. Unfortunately, most boys were content with attempting very few questions.

Shakespeare.-Classes IAB, No. 1, 2, offered Richard II Acts I and II. The upper section in each class did well the lower sections were weak.

..

Book-keeping.The work of IA was very good: it was marred by a few inaccuracies due to care- lessness. The work of IB. was not good, the amounts often being placed on the wrong side, and the work in some cases being only half done. A more accurate knowledge of the text book is necessary.

Mensuration.--The senior class did well, the junior poorly. The work was inaccurate, and

shewed want of practice.

Physiology and Natural Science-Were taken by one boy alone, who did fairly on easy papers. Latin.--One boy offered "Cæsar de Bell. Gall." I. 1-3). As he had only larat Latin bee three months, we consider that he did as well as could be expected in getting 10 per cent.

We recommend the following boys for Scholarships:

Morrison.-IM YAT WING.

Belilios Senior.-C. B. HAYWARD.

Belilios Junior.-Ho KING.

Stewart.-WONG TAK KWONG,

We would like to draw attention to the excellence of the papers sent in by C. B. HAYWARD- especially in History, Composition, and General Intelligence, in each of which subjects we awarded him full marks.

We have to thank the Head Master and the Assistant Masters for their help during the Exami-

nation.

We have the honour to be,

Gentlemen,

Your obedient Servants,

C. Mcl. MESSER, B.A.

E. R. HALLIFAX, B.A.

P.S.-Appended is a table showing the percentage of " Passes " in each subject in each class.

To the

GOVERNING BODY OF QUEEN'S COLLEGE,

HONGKONG.

?

+

130

PERCENTAGES OF PASSES IN EACH SUBJECT IN EACH CLASS.

III A.,... III B.,... P. Ts.,... 100

N. 1,

...

...

N. 2, N. 3, N. 4, ..

Class.

⠀⠀⠀⠀ğatzõo Chinese-English.

I A..... 100

100

100

100

89

70

100

70

50

90

77

10

-

I B.,...

69 92 92

100

0

0

100

9

9

39 31

15

II A.,... 100 74

100

100

83

78

96

78

78

87 83 35

87

23

II B.,...

68

89

100

100 89

32

61

71

71

46

71

28

43 74 100

96 89

60

55

49

49

34 55

50

...

48

66

76

92

82

100 36

85

26

26

9 65

54

100

100

0

0

2

100 100 100 100 100 100

100 100

80

75

100

100

75

75

100 100

100

5

100 100 100

59

25

45

17

50

0 33

100

18

13

100

60

93

100

73 87

47

15

100 100 100

47

73

80

53

15

12828

::

889

80 100 80 20 80 0 100 75 39 84

388

English-Chinese.

Reading.

Conversation.

Dictation.

Composition.

Grammar.

History.

Geography.

Shakespere.

Book-keeping.

Arithmetic.

Algebra.

Euclid.

Shorthand.

Mensuration.

Intelligence.

General

No. of Boys.

228

409

No. 24

93

No. 26.

HONGKONG.

REPORT OF THE INSPECTOR OF SCHOOLS FOR 1898.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor.

EDUCATION DEPARTMENT,

HONGKONG, 15th March, 1899.

SIR,-I have the honour to submit the following report on the schools under my supervision during the year 1898.

2. GENERAL EDUCATIONAL STATISTICS.-With, I believe, only two exceptions, all the schools in which European children receive a regular education are supported by the Government, and of the two, one has applied for a Grant-in-Aid. The case is very different with Chinese schools. Although the great majority of Chinese children attend Government schools or schools receiving a Grant-in-Aid, there are still nearly 2,500 children attending what in previous reports have been called Kai-fong Schools. I described these in last year's report as public schools maintained by the Tung Wa Hospital and members of the Chinese community, and, in doing so, I copied a mistake made by my predecessor who, as I gather from his reports for the years 1893 and 1896, believed these schools to be free pub- lic schools maintained by the Tung Wa Hospital or by public-spirited Chinese. The truth is that of the Kai-fong Schools only six are free public schools. These are maintained by the Tung Wa Hos- pital and have an attendance of a little under 200 children. The remaining 102 schools are schools started by individual teachers for their own profit, or semi-private schools where a tutor engaged by some gentleman to teach his children is given permission to receive other pupils as well. In the year 1898, excluding those temporarily closed, there were 112 schools with an enrolment of 7,327 pupils, maintained by the Government or aided by it and subject to examination by the Inspector of Schools. I had hoped to be able to make a comparison between the years 1893 and 1898 as between two normal years, but the recurrence of the plague has once inore put that out of the question. As far as enrolment is concerned, however, in the Government Schools there is an increase of 101 pupils, from 1,344 in 1893 to 1,445 in 1898. In the Grant-in-Aid Schools there is a decrease, there being 97 schools with an enrolment of 5,882 scholars in 1898, compared with 102 with an enrolment of 6,250 scholars in 1893; whilst the Kai-fong Schools" which in 1893 numbered 144 with an enrolment of 2,596 scholars now number 108 with an enrolment of 2,469.

3. DECENNIAL STATISTICS OF SCHOOLS UNDER THE INSPECTORATE.-The total number of schools subject to supervision and to examination by the Inspector of Schools in 1898 was, as stated above, 112 with an enrolment of 7,327 pupils. The corresponding figures for the years 1888 and 1878 are respectively 94 and 5,624, and 46 and 2,544. In 1898, 2,933 pupils or 40 per cent were learning English; in 1888, 1,469 or 26 per cent; whilst in 1878 there were nominally 479 or 19 per cent. But of the 479 scholars who were studying English in 1878, 38 were attending a school at Aberdeen which was closed in the summer, and the remainder were attending the district schools at Wong-nei- chung, Wantsai and Saiyingpun, which only commenced the study of English in the course of the year. In 1878, the number of girls learning English was 42; in 1888, 369, and last year 885.

4. TRIENNIAL STATISTICS.--In 1896 the number of scholars in the above mentioned schools was 6,313; in 1897, 6,787; and in 1898, 7,327. Of these the number in each year learning English was 2,552, 2,523 and 2,933 respectively.

5. SCHOOL FEES.-Four out of the seven Grant-in-Aid Schools, which give an education in English exclusively to Chinese boys, charge fees varying from $30 a year to $6. One of the three free schools will charge a small fee in 1899, and there will thus remain (exclusive of the Government District Schools) only two free schools in which Chinese boys may learn English; and of these, one was only opened in 1898 and has not yet a large attendance.

6. SCHOOL ATTENDANCE.-The average daily attendance in 1898 was 4,281. That of Grant-in- Aid Schools alone was 3,581. The attendance in them was seriously affected by the plague. In March the average daily attendance was 4,010, but in May it had dropped to 3,120, a decrease of 23 per cent, and did not recover until after the summer holidays, in September. The greatest decrease was in the eastern part of the town. In the lawan and Wantsai districts it was 41 per cent, whilst further east still, in Sokonpó and Bowrington, it was as much as 63 per cent. Outside Victoria the attendance was very little affected. The Government Schools which suffered most were the Chinese division of the Belilios Public School in which the average daily attendance in May was ouly 30 per cent of the attendance in March, and the Wantsai School.

7. RESULTS OF THE ANNUAL EXAMINATIONS.-The results of the annual examinations of the Grant-in-Aid Schools are shown in Tables X and XII, which give the number of passes and failures in each standard, and the percentages of passes in each of the ordinary subjects, and in Table XI which gives the percentage of scholars who passed in the last two years in each school.

8. BELILIOS PUBLIC SCHOOL —I have already reported on the result of the examination of the Belilios Public School which was held in July last. To ensure greater privacy the wall along Holly- wood Road and Shing Wong Street has been raised so that passers-by cannot see into the school

410

building or the play-ground. The entrance from Gough Street, which was rarely used and was occasionally a source of annoyance, has been closed and the space on the play-ground available for games has been much increased in consequence. A tennis-court has been laid out and a club formed. Mrs. TUTCHER, the first assistant teacher, went home on leave on 19th February, 1898, and during her absence Miss LEY KUM was engaged as a temporary assistant in the Infant School. In September last Mrs BATEMAN, the headmistress, was incapacitated for work through sickness, and the Govern- ment was very fortunate in being able to obtain the services of Miss MANNERS, who acted as head- mistress until the Christmas holidays. Mrs. BATEMAN has recommended the engagement of a teacher who has had both a Chinese literary education and an English education, for the Chinese division of the school. The appointment of a teacher with these qualifications would enable the headmistress to exercise a more effective control over the Chinese classes. In any case an extra teacher will soon be urgently wanted as there are only three at present and the average daily attendance in 1897 was 162 scholars.

9. GOVERNMENT DISTRICT SCHOOLS.-Particulars as to enrolment and attendance at the District Schools are given in Tables IV, V and VII. I have already said that attendance was affected by the recurrence of the plague. The schools at Stanley, Wongmakok and Taitamtuk were closed at the end of the year.

The Stanley school had never been a satisfactory one; no school can be where a teacher on a salary of $20 a month has to teach both English and Chinese. So the villagers have never been satisfied with the knowledge of English possessed by the school-masters, whilst the unhealthiness of the village and its isolation, almost complete during the cold season when there is no steam-launch running between Victoria and Stanley, made it impossible to obtain teachers with a satisfactory knowledge of English. Finally, the school-house, a hired building, was condemned as insanitary and unsuitable. On closing the school, the Government offered a grant to a school for teaching Chinese, if the villagers should wish to open one, and in the meantime a mixed school under the management of the Female Education Society offers an education for boys as far as the Third Standard, beyond which boys rarely go. At the last census the population of Wongmakok was found to be 44 persons and that of Taitamtuk 43. Both villages are quite isolated and shew no signs of growth. The teacher at Taitamtuk has been transferred to the Tanglung-chau School, where there was a vacancy caused by the resignation of Mr. TSUNG WAI-HING. Chinese has ceased to be taught at the two schools at Yaumati and Wong-nai-chung. This step will, I hope, improve their efficiency. At Yaumati, boys wishing to learn Chinese have a choice of more than one Grant-in-Aid School, and if no Grant-in-Aid School is opened at Wong-nai-chung the boys can attend schools at Wantsai or Tanglung-chau, about three-quarters of a mile away. The annual examinations were held in the month of January of this year after all the Grant-in-Aid Schools had been examined. The scholars at the schools at which English is taught were indebted to thirteen Chinese gentlemen who subscribed a sum of $90.00 for prizes, $84.60 of this have been spent and the balance will be carried forward to next year. Up till the year 1892 the Government set apart $185.00 a year for prizes, but in that year for reasons of economy prizes ceased to be given. In order that the prizes might be properly awarded I did not content myself with conducting a simple test examination on the lines of the Grant- in-Aid examinations, but held a severer and more searching one. Although such an examination is perhaps not necessary for testing the efficiency of the school, I have no doubt that it will act as a stimulus to both masters and scholars. I have reported on the state of each school in my letter No. 14 of the 17th ultimo. The teacher of the Chinese division of the Wantsai School resigned in January Mr. CH'AN U-1ING was appointed to the post in February at a salary of $15 a month and a house-allowance of $6 a month. His predecessor's salary had been $25 a month with the same house- allowance. The teacher of the Chinese division of the Saiyingpun School, whose salary was $13 a month with a house-allowance of $6 a month, also resigned at the end of July and his place was filled by the appointment of Mr. LI CH'AK-MAN at a salary of $10 a month rising to $13 a month with the same house-allowance.

1898.

10. GRANT-IN-AID SCHOOLS.-The examination of the Grant-in-Aid Schools commenced on the 26th October last and was completed with the exception of one school on the 30th December. The written examination of the four highest standards of all but one of the schools in Class III. was held in the City Hall on the 21st, 22nd, and 23rd December, the Committee having kindly placed the St. Andrew's Hall and the Music Room at my disposal. The Rev. T. W. PEARCE and Mr. J. P. Braga acted as Superintendents in the examination rooms. Mr. BRAGA was also appointed Assistant examiner in Portuguese and conducted the examinations of the Portuguese schools. There were 100 schools on the roll; the same number as last year, but three of them were temporarily closed owing to the inability of the managers to find suitable teachers. Two new schools have been placed under the Code; one, a boys' school, for teaching English at East Point, under the management of the London Missionary Society; the other, a mixed school for Chinese at Aberdeen, under the management of the Italian Sisters. The first school presented only 12 pupils at the examination, but its develop- ment had been checked by the plague. The school at Aberdeen was not admitted in time to enable the scholars to qualify themselves for examination. Hitherto there has been no girls school at Aberdeen. The Queen's Road West Boys School under the management of the Berlin Mission and the Santa Theresa girls school, under the management of the Italian Sisters--both schools in Class I, have been closed. A case of fraud on the part of the teacher of a Chinese school was discovered, and punished by withholding the teacher's share of the grant and by refusing to sanction his conducting a Grant-in-Aid School in future.

411

11. BRITISH KOWLOON SCHOOL.-On making a further representation to the Government, the Committee of the British Kowloon School were informed in July that the Government was prepared to establish a school in which a purely English education would be given, open to children of every nationality and to charge fees at the same rate as the fees paid at Queen's College.

12. SCHOLARSHIPS.-The only qualification now required to enable a boy to compete for one of the Free Government Scholarships at Queen's College is education at one of the Government District Schools. The examination was held on the 11th of February. There were eight competitors; four from Wantsai School, two from Saiyingpun and two from Wong-nai-chung, but no scholarships were awarded, as none of the boys reached the required standard.

13. STAFF. From the 21st March to the 4th of September I was acting as Registrar. General. From the 5th September to the 9th October I was absent from the Colony on vacation leave, and the Rev. T. W. PEARCE acted as Inspector of Schools.

The usual tables (Nos. I to XII) are attached.

I have the honour to be,

The Honourable J. H. STEWART LOCKHART, C.M.G.,

Sir, Your most obedient Servant,

A. W. BREWIN,

Inspector of Schools.

Colonial Secretary.

TABLE I.-NUMBER of SCHOLARS attending Schools under the EDUCATION Department during the Year 1898.

No.

Name of Schools.

Scholars Scholars attending attending Government Grant-in-Aid Schools. Schools.

Total Scholars

in Attendance.

2

??

>>

3

19

"}

""

""

5

""

1 American Board Mission, Bridges Street (Boys)....

Queen's Road West (Boys) Hawan (Girls).....

Chungwan (Girls)

Tsat-tez-mui (Boys).

46

46

40

40

21

21

51

51

45

45

""

""

Mongkok-tsui (Boys)..

...

7

8

9

""

10

"

11

17

12

""

13

Aplichau (Boys)....

Basel Mission, Shamshui-po (Boys).

Shauki-wan (Boys) To'kwa-wan (Boys)

Matau-chung (Boys)... High Street (Girls)

Belilios Public School (English) (Girls)

25

25

58

58

53

53

43

43

92

...

92

233

233

14

"?

وو

(Chinese) (Girls)

306

306

15

Berlin Foundling House School (Girls)

26

26

16

17

18

19

""

20

"

21

11

22

Berlin Ladies Mission, Queen's Road West (Boys) C.M.S. St. Stephen's Chinese School (Boys)

"

Pottinger Street (Boys)

Saiying-p'un (Boys)

St. Stephen's Baxter Memorial (Girls)

Lyndhurst Terrace (Girls),

25

25

118

118

No. 2 (Boys)

62

62

91

91

78

78

45

45

43

43

23

>>

Third Street (Girls)

44

44

24

"

Yaumati (Boys)..

14

44

25

39

Hunghom (Girls)

30

30

26

Quarry Bay (Girls)

41

41

27

>>

Aberdeen School (Boys)

39

39

28

""

Aplichau (Girls)

14

14

29

Victoria Home and Orphanage (Chinese Division) (Girls)

42

42

80

""

""

وو

(English Division) (Girls)

17

17

31

"

St. Stephen's Anglo-Chinese (Boys)

219

249

32

19

33

34

35

""

36

""

37

"

38

"

39

"

40

وو

Stanley School (Girls)

41

11

42

29

43

"

Yaumati (Girls)

44

Morrison English School (Boys)......

Diocesan School (Boys)................

F.E.S. Bonham Road (Chinese Division) (Girls)

19

High Street (Girls)

Queen's Road West (Girls) ....

Saiying-p'un, Praya (Girls)

Pottinger Street (Girls)

Shauki-wan (Girls)

To'kwa-wan (Girls)

L.M.S. Square Street (Boys)

50

50

235

235

57

57

(English Division) (Girls)

71

71

40

40

48

48

52

32

39

39

43

43

51

51

21

21

50

50

66

66

Carried forward........

564

2,280

2,844

412

TABLE I.—NUMBER of SCHOLARS attending Schools under the EDUCATION Department,—Continued.

No.

Name of Schools.

Scholars Scholars

Total attending attending Scholars Government Grant-in-Aid

in Schools. Schools. Attendance.

Brought forward..

564

2,280

2,844

45 L.M.S. Wantsai Chapel (Boys)

74

74

46

27

Yaumati (Boys).....

46

46

47

""

48

"

Shektongtsui (Boys)

Saiyingpun, I. Division (Boys)

55

55

80

80

49

=

19

II. Division (Boys)

Hunghom (Boys)

56

56

65

66

· 67

Matau-wai (Boys)

Shauki-wan (Boys) Third Street (Boys) D'Aguilar Street (Girls) Kau-u-fong (Girls)

Tunglung-chau (Girls)

Tai-ping-shan English School (Boys).. East Point (Boys).

Pokfulam (Boys)

R.C.M. Cathedral School, II. Division (Boys)

Bridges Street, Chinese Division (Girls) St. Theresa School (Girls)

Holy Infancy School (Mixed).

Yaumati (Girls)

*

50

"

51

"

52

""

53

""

54

}"

55

""

56

II. Division (Girls)

""

57

58

No. 2 (Boys)

59

""

Square Street (Girls)

60

Taikok-tsui (Boys)

61

""

62

""

63

"

64

""

"

"

22

Aberdeen Street (Girls)

68

>>

Wantsai Chapel (Girls)

69

";

Staunton Street (Girls).....

70

"2

71

"

72

73

74

75

"

76

77

""

78

24

Shauki-wan (Girls)

79

Hunghom (Girls)

80

">

Italian Convent, Chinese Division (Girls)

81

""

82

Sacred Heart School, Chinese Division (Girls) Cathedral School, I. Division (Boys)

83

"

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

""

91

""

92

12

12

Hospital Chapel (Boys)

Shektongtsui (Girls)

Saiying-p'un, Second Street, I. Division (Girls)

""

""

Ui-hing Lane, I. Division (Girls)

>>

Tunglung-chau, No. 1 (Boys)

69

69

13

13

61

61

II. Division (Boys)

100

100

50

50

41

41

80

80

25

25

76

76

24

24

28

28

44

44

50

50

44

44

15

15

63

63

57

57

56

56

33

33

91

...

91

30

30

12

12

43

43

34

34

49

49

80

80

41

41

43

43

...

66

66

104

104

32

32

56

56

93

94

19

""

95

96.

97

(Chinese) (Boys)

St. Joseph's College School (Boys)

Italian Convent, English Division (Girls)

Bridges Street, English Division (Girls)

""

Nova Escola Portugueza (Girls)

Sacred Heart School, English Division (Girls)

St. Francis, Portuguese Division (Girls)

English Division (Girls)

Victoria Portuguese School, Portuguese Division (Mixed)

Saiyingp'un (English) (Boys)

""

194

194

243

243

Portuguese Division (Girls)

Portuguese Division (Girls)

73

73

25

25

50

50

15

15

25

25

30

30

39

39

22

22

English Division (Mixed)

17

17

185

185

57

57

Shekò Sheko

29

29

98

99

100

101

102

29

(Girls)

103

104

""

106

""

107

""

St. Paul's College School (Boys) Stanley (Anglo-Chinese) (Boys) Taitamtuk (Boys)

Tanglung-chau (Hakka) (Boys) Victoria English School (Boys)

Wantsai (English) (Boys).

(Chinese) (Boys)

105 Wesleyan Mission, Spring Gardens (Boys)..

Wellington Street (Boys) (Girls)

202

202

44

44

15

15

46

46

204

204

51

51

301

301

53

53

76

76

116

116

67

67

"

108

19

Lascar Row (Boys).

71

71

109

"2

Wantsai School (Boys).

36

36

110

""

Graham Street (Girls)

35

55

111

""

Kennedy Town (Boys)

112

Lyndhurst Terrace, English School (Boys)

ΤΟ

70

113

Wongmakok (Boys)

11

11

114 Wongnaich'ung (Anglo-Chinese) (Boys). 115 Yaumati (Anglo-Chinese) (Boys)..........

63

63

65

65

Total...

1,445

5,882

7,327

4

413

TABLE II.-NUMBER of SCHOLARS attending GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS under the EDUCATION DEPARTMENT and EXPENSES of each SCHOOL during the year 1898.

No.

Name of Schools.

123 **

Aplichau,.

Belilios Public School (English),..

(Chinese),

"

4

Pokfulam,

Saiyingp'un (English),

97

(Chinese), ......

Sheko,

8

Stanley (Anglo-Chinese),.

9

Taitamtuk

10

Tanglungchau (Hakka),

11

Wantsai (English),

12

(Chinese),

13

Wongmakok, ....

14

Wongnaichung (Anglo-Chinese),.

15

Yaumati (Anglo-Chinese),

Total,..

Boys.

Girls.

Total.

Expense.

25

25

233

233

168.00 2,888.37

306

306

972.00

...

12

12

132.00

185

185

993.35

57

57

197.00

29

29

120.00

44

44

312.85

15

15

132.84

46

46

180.00

301

301

1,002.33

53

53

226.49

11

11

132.00

63

63

379.62

65

65

400.45

906

539

1,445

$8,237.30

TABLE III.—Average Expense of each SCHOLAR at GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS under the EDUCATION Department and at the GRANT-IN-AID SCHOOLS during the year 1898,*

I.-EXPENDITURE OF GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.

(Cost of working the Schools irrespective of cost of erection or repairs of Buildings.)

1. BELILIOS PUBLIC SCHOOL,—

Expenditure,

.$ 3.572.37 684.00

$ 2,888.37

$5,348.93

$23,402.48

Deduct School Fecs-refunded,

Cost to Government, in 1898,

2. OTHER DEPARTMENTAL SCHOOLS, (no School Fees),—

II.-EXPENDITURE ON THE GRANT-IN-AID SCHOOLS.

Total Cost to Government, in 1898,

III-AVERAGE COST OF EACH SCHOLAR. (Calculated by Enrolment.)

Average Cost, to Government, of each Scholar,

I. At Belilios Public School (not including cost of building) 2. At Other Departmental Schools, 3. At Grant-in-Aid Schools,

12.39

4.41

3.99

IV.-AVERAGE COST OF EACH SCHOLAR. (Calculated by the Average Daily Attendance.)

Average Cost, to Government, of each Scholar,-

1. At Belilios Public School (not including cost of building), 2. At Other Departmental Schools,

.$

25.78

9.93

6.53

3. At Grant-in-Aid Schools,

* NOTE.-The cost of the Inspectorate of Schools ($6,034.72), being connected with both Grant-in-Aid Schools and Government Schools, is not included.

TABLE IV.-ENROLMENT and ATTENDANCE at GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS under the EDUCATION DEPARTMENT

during the year 1898.

No.

Name of Schools.

Average Monthly Enrolment.

Average Daily Attendance.

1

A plichau,

18.90

13.99

2

Belilios Public School (Engligh),

170.62

112.02

3

**

(Chinese),

154.27

112.36

4

Pokfulam,

10.72

9.96

5

Saiyingp'un (English),

105.72

95.13

6

(Chinese),

22.63

19.79

7

Shekò,

26.09

24.84

8

Stanley (Anglo-Chinese),

28.36

23.86

9

Taitamtuk,

11.81

10.50

10

Tanglungchau (Hakka),

25.18

21.42

11

Wantsai (English),

163.54

144.79

12

(Chinese)

35.00

29.91

13.

Wongmakok,

9.00

7.89

14

Wongnaichung (Anglo-Chinese),

50.09

44.20

15

Yaumati (Anglo-Chinese),.................

35.00

29.58

Total,.....

$66.93

700.24

414

TABLE V.-Maximum and MINIMUM ENROLMENT and DAILY ATTENDANCE at GoVERNMENT SCHOOLS under the EDUCATION DEPARTMENT during the year 1898.

No.

Name of Schools.

Maximum Monthly Enrolment.

Minimum

Monthly Enrolment.

Maximum Daily Attendance

Minimum Daily Attendance

(Monthly average).(Monthly average).

1

Aplichau,

22

15

18.50

9.73

2

Belilios Public School (English),

184

132

123.16

92.88

3

19

99

(Chinese),

231

85

169.25

50.62

Pokfulam,

12

8

11.55

7.00

Saiyingp'un (English),

125

92

121.16

75.04

6

(Chinese),

35

15

33.03

13.75

Shekó,

27

20

26.74

19.71

8

Stanley (Anglo-Chinese),.

36

21

30.61

15.88

9

10

Taitamtuk,

Tanglungchau (Hakka),

13

10

11.23

8.05

27

20

26.66

18.05

11

Wantsai (English),

227

129

210.77

102.68

12

(Chinese),

46

31

42.27

26.17

13

Wongmakok, ...

9

9

9.00

6.56

14

15

Wongnaichung (Anglo-Chinese), Yaumati (Anglo-Chinese), .

56

46

48.96

39.00

48

25

43.14

20.20

Total,......

1,088

658

926.03

505.32

No.

12 * 10 CO 2 00

TABLE VI.-NUMBER of DAYS on which the Government SCHOOLS under the EDUCATION DEPARTMENT were taught during the year 1898.

Name of Schools.

School Days. No.

Name of Schools.

School Days.

Aplichau,

237

9

Taitamtuk,

247

Belilios Public School (English),

246

10

Tanglungchau (Hakka),.

251

"

95

(Chinese),

246

11

Wautsai (English),.

245

Pokfulam,

247

12

19

(Chinese),.

248

Saiyingp'un (English),

246

13

Wongmakok,

247

99

(Chinese),

Shekó,

245

14

Wongnaichung (Anglo-Chinese),

245

244

15

Yaumati (Anglo-Chinese),.

247

238

Stanley (Anglo-Chinese),

TABLE VII-SCMMARY of ENROLMENT and ATTENDANCE at the GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS for the last twenty-five years.

Years.

Minimum Daily Attendance

Total Enrolment

for the year.

Maximum Daily Attendance (Monthly Average.)

Minimum Monthly

Enrolment.

(Monthly Average).

1874,

1,932

1,271

974

836

1875,

1,927

1,312

988

863

1876,

2,171

1,383

1,057

925

1877,

2,148

1,446

1,212

1,035

1878,

2,101

1,324

1,100

936

1879,

2,043

1,356

1,027

904

1880,

2,078

1,468

1,082

937

1881.

1,986

1,384

1,093

956

1882,

2,114

1,444

1,062

988

1883,

2,080

1,414

1,138

990

1884,

1,978

1,420

1,066

941

1885,

1,988

1,424

1,661

926

1886,

1,893

1,544

1,040

886

1887,

1,814

1,552

1,126

1,000

1888,

1,933

1,653

1,139

1,040

1889,

2,293

1,992

1,190

1,118

1890,

2,514

1,999.

1,494

1,370

1891,

2,540

1,909

1,403

1,291

1892,

2,622

2,101

1,536

1,407

1893,

2,356

1,829

1,443

1,317

1894,

1,282

1,039

420

320

1895,

1,108

893

607

545

1896,

1,135

872

585

477

1897, ......

1,265

945

678

546

1898,

1,445

926

658

505

415

TABLE VIII-NUMBER of SCHOLARS attending Schools receiving GRANTS-IN-AID (under the provisions of the Scheme of 1893), expenses incurred and amount of Grant gained by each in 1898.

Class of School.

Name of Schools.

Expenses

Boys.

Girls.

Total.

incurred in

1898.

Amount of Grant gained

for 1898.

I

American Board Mission, Bridges Street (Boys),

46

"

Queen's Road West (Boys),

40

19

་་

**

??

Háwan (Girls).......................

21

>>

5

Chungwan (Girls),

51

93

#!

Tsat-tsz-mui (Boys),

45

51

ktsui (Boys),

...

"

Basel Mission, Shamshuipo (Boys),

58

22

"

39

Shankiwan (Boys),

33

""

Tokwawan (Boys),

43

"

Matauchung (Boys),

"

"

Berlin Ladies Mission, Queen's Road West (Boys),

C. M. S., St. Stephen's Chinese School (Boys),........

25

118

118

"

""

"

No. 2 (Boys),

62

99779 1989 328

$ 210.00

142.85

236.00

168.14

180.00

59.82

324.50

157.38

150.50

128.86

144,00

299.24

228.59

367.95

198.27

210.48

91.25

25

212.00

84.71

375.10

323.43

62

384.16

161.28

"

Pottinger Street (Boys),

91

91

372.02

248.36

""

"

Saiyingpun (Boys),

73

78

274.12

157.44

St. Stephen's Baxter Memorial (Girls),.......

45

45

256.14

120.01

19

>>

Lyndhurst Terrace (Girls),

43

43

308.84

166.92

++

Third Street (Girls),

44

44

188.48

116.00

37

Yaumati (Boys)...

41

44

224.76

81.18

"

Hunghom (Girls),

30

30

212.05

106.79

"

Quarry Bay (Girls),

41

41

134.86

62.22

"

Aberdeen School (Boys),

39

39

134.05

80.67

??

**

11

"

"

**

"

"?

"}

1:

19

""

"

13

"?

19

19

39

,,

"

99

*1

11

""

11

""

"

(Boys),

**

Hunghòm (Boys).

"

19

Hospital Chapel (Boys),

"

Aplichau School (Girls),.

F. E. S., Bonham Road Chinese Division (Girls),

""

High Street (Girls),

Queen's Road West (Girls),

Saiyingpun Praya (Girls),....

Pottinger Street (Girls),

Stanley School (Girls),

Shaukiwan (Girls),...................... Tokwawan (Girls), Yaumati (Girls),

L. M. S., Square Street (Boys),

Wantsai Chapel (Boys),

Yaumati (Boys),

Shektongtsui (Boys),.

Saivingpun 1. Division (Boys),

II.

14

14

55.95

29.29

57

57

806.05

328.94

40

40

210.27

142.97

48

48

236,61

128.63

52

52

232.07

48.61

39

39

221.52

68.24

43

43

147.88

112.30

51

51

243.79

209.28

21

21

128.57

67.39

39

19

""

17

""

11

39

;)

50

11

"

Matauwai (Boys),

"1

};

19

19

Third Street (Boys),

";

59

*

13

39

11

"

"

21

39

II.

??

(Girls),

19

"

"

19

·་

19

**

"

59

19

19

91

"

"

"

11

**

"

"

"

""

"

"

:>

"?

""

**

尊重

19

11

"

"

??

19

"1

Shektongtsui (Girls),

Saiyingpun, Second Street I. Division (Girls),

II.

Ui-hing Lane 1. Division (Girls),

Tanglungchau No. 1 (Boys),

No. 2 (Boys),

Square Street (Girls),

Taikoktsui (Boys),

Shaukiwan (Boys),

D'Aguilar Street (Girls),

Kau-ü-fong (Girls),

Tanglungchau (Girls),

Aberdeen Street (Girls),

Wantsai Chapel (Girls),

Staunton Street (Girls),

R. C. M., Cathedral School II. Division (Boys),

Bridges Street Chinese Division (Girls),

St. Theresa School (Girls),

Holy Infancy School (Mixed),

Yaumati (Girls),

Shaukiwan (Girls),.

Hunghòm (Girls),

39 Italian Convent, Chinese School (Girls),

Sacred Heart, Chinese School (Girls),

Wesleyan Mission, Spring Gardens (Boys),

Wellington Street (Boys),

??

"

Lascar Row (Boys),

Wantsai School (Boys), Graham Street (Girls)....... Kennedy Town (Boys),

Basel Mission, High Street (Girls),

Berlin Foundling House School (Girls),

C. M. S., Victoria Home and Orphange Chinese Division (Girls),

St. Stephen's Anglo-Chinese (Boys),

Morrison English School (Boys),

W. M., Lyndhurst Terrace, English School (Boys),

St. Paul's College School (Boys),

Diocesan Home and Orphanage (Boys),

F. E. S., Bonham Road, English Division (Girls),

L. M. S., Taipingshan, English School (Boys),

East Point, English School (Boys),

R. C. M., Cathedral School I. Division (Boys),..

St. Joseph's College School (Boys),

Italian Convent English Division (Girls),

(Boys),

100

116

(Girls),

249

30

56

194

: 50: 88205: ⠀ ⠀ ⠀ ⠀ 82: Ea: ⠀ ⠀ ⠀ ⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀ ⠀ ⠀ ⠀ SEER: 58¦ ¦ 3¦ ¦ SKFSHaze: i

2⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀x8: 8: : 2: : 8FR*****: 8878=:::::: 28: 25: 1

50

50

221.13

119.85

66

#29.68

170.30

74

414.36

266.28

46

334.29

151.95

55

209.35

220.49

80

334.05

227.62

56

302,57

185.25

12

199,09

20.63

69

326,38

187.01

13

167.18

48.64

61

271.53

190.01

100

337.53

291.57

50

336.64

216.70

41

234.76

117.65

80

381.47

262.66

25

195.09

72.47

76

305.56

165.87

24

124.34

47.41

28

165.66

105.94

44

213.06

164.01

50

237.72

68.39

44

186.04

176.22

15

15

216.52

38.65

63

63

163.00

138.18

57

57

412.97

185.18

56

56

265.03

233.71

33

290.01

116.95

43

108.55

51.72

34

34

186.15

91.23

49

235.56

159.40

50

80

306.08

296.65

41

154.41

100.41

43

43

150.73

116.57

66

66

287.00

226.77

104

104

503.69

469.96

32

32

324.00

68.73

76

234.00

232.58

116

280.00

213.81

67

252.00

174 11

71

221.00

202.07

36

220.00

70.22

55

293.00

213.41

...

92

733.60

510.58

26

26

1,330,56

219.09

42

42

439,22

321.33

249

1,008.16

1,078.94

50

1,344.06

98.40

70

709.87

287.92

202

1,574.49

991.39

235

16,799.26

1,273.37

71

666.21

485.51

91

590.91

516.11

30

93.02

56

616.85

272.91

194

2,928.32

1,528.03

243

243

2,339.04

1,211.26

Carried forward,....

1,549

1,224

2,778

35,967.73

12,269.52

I

416

Class of Schools.

TABLE VIII-NUMBER of SCHOLARS attending Schools receiving GRANTS-IN-AID.—Continued.

Name of Schools.

Boys.

Girls.

Total.

Expenses incurred in 1898.

Amount of

Grant gained

for 1898.

Brought forward,..

1,549

1,224

2,773

$35,967.73

$12,269.52

III

R.C.M., Italian Convent Portuguese Division (Girls),

*

Bridges Street English Division (Girls),

yo

Portuguese Division (Girls),

"}

17

Nova Escola Portugueza (Girls),...........

?!

??

77

11

"J

•1

*1

>>

11

Victoria English School (Boys),

27

(Girls),

Sacred Heart School, English Division (Girls),

St. Francis Portuguese Division (Girls),

Victoria Portuguese School, Portuguese Division (Mixed),....

C.M.S., Victoria Home and Orphange English Division (Girls);

English

(Girls),

English

(Mixed)....

204

H: FREONS

73

73

527,83

274.07

25

25

327.78

108.09

50

50

208.42

301.77

15

15

142.12

56.63

25

25

149.89

156.91

30

30

150,64

86.41

39

39

206.40

109.56

16

22

81.46

420.91

14

17

92.27

201

650.26

5,686.48

51

51

401.71

17

17

124.44

Total,

3,313

2,569

5,882

57,314.16

22.258.52

TABLE IX.-ENROLMENT, ATTENDANCE and NUMBER of SCHOOL DAYS at the GRANT-IN-AID SCHOOLs during 1898.

No.

Name of Schools.

ment.

Maximum Minimum Average Average

Monthly Monthly

Enrol- ment.

Maximum Minimum

Daily Enrol-

Daily Attend- Attend-

Average

Monthly

Average Daily

Number

Attend-

Enrol-

of School

ance for

ment.

ance.

ance,

the Year.

Days.

American Board Mission, Bridges Street, (Boys),

44

"

11

Queen's Road West (Boys),

40

་་

Háwan (Girls),

21

"

Chungwan (Girls),

40

Tsat-tszmui (Boys),...

45

31

"

9

"

10

11

12

**

(Bosui (Boys),

Basel Mission, Shamshuipo (Boys),

Shaukiwan (Boys),

Tokwawan (Boys),

Matauchung (Boys),

Berlin Ladies Mission, Queen's Road West (Boys), C.M.S., St. Stephen's Chinese School (Boys),

58

50

45

43

25

98

13

19

No. 2 (Boys),

56

14

Pottinger Street (Boys),

64

47

15

""

Saiyingpun (Boys),

51

16

19

St. Stephen's Baxter Memorial (Girls),

36

29

17

1

Lyndhurst Terrace (Girls),

38

24

18

"

Third Street (Girls),

87

28229** :*8*58228

34

33.83

17.25

39.81

29.70

244

30

39.07

29.00

36 09

34.78

238

12

17.11

5.86

16.18

12.64

271

21

31.07

10.26

32.09

23.27

268

41.59

24.18

43.18

37.73

266

49

54.80

35.65

53.40

48.19

210

45.65

29.42

48.60

40.55

231

25

36.96

12.39

35.70

28.50

248

...

13

22.76

9.35

20.90

17.43

256

69

92.25

63.76

83.54

77.87

274

34

51.40

32.40

41.90

37.57

260

54.81

43.92

54.83

49.22

268

46.18

24.34

36.08

30.39

261

31.05

21.65

31.18

26.03

267

29.23

14.97

30.72

24.34

269

31.62

19.20

34.09

25.01

266

19

Yaumati (Boys).

35

9

33.73

8.25

23.75

20.36

270

20

11

Hunghòm (Girls),

30

15

25.53

11.00

25.27

21.59

265

21

Quarry Bay (Girls),

36

11

25.85

6.37

20.81

12.44

266

22

"

Aberdeen School (Boys),

30

21

28.62

11.38

24.63

21.34

261

23

++

Aplichau (Girls),

14

6

12.76

3.50

10.54

8.58

243

24 F.E.S., Bonham Road, Chinese Division (Girls),

04

45

50.50

40.57

48.00

45.88

242

25

11

High Street (Girls),

37

29

30.03

19.95

31.27

25.94

264

26

11

Queen's Road West (Girls),.

41

24

34.63

16.15

30.08

24.27

277

27

"

Saiyingpun, Praya (Girls),

47

22

39.25

16.80

34.88

26.23

212

28

**

Pottinger Street (Girls),

30

15

21.85

12.92

21.72

16.49

263

29

30

零件

31

32

33

34

"

35

"

36

"

Stanley School (Girls),

Shaukiwan (Girls),

Tokwawan (Girls),

Yaumati (Girls)....

L.M.S., Square Street (Boys),

Wantsai Chapel (Boys),

Shektong-tsui (Boys),

37

21

29.42

16.00

29.00

21.10

242

46

33.

38.13

22.89

42.09

32.06

238

21

7

19.24

6.15

16.63

14.79

261

46

30

31.46

19.00

36.90

27.20

262

66

31

52.59

25.73

43.00

38,60

245

69

35

69.15

31.40

54.63

49.56

237

Yaumati (Boys),

46

31

43.33

29.54

38.60

35.40

233

49

38

44.38

24.36

46.00

40.99

252

37

??

Saiyingpun, I. Division (Boys),

79

62

69.75

31.73

70.51

55.25

244

38

II.

"

(Boys),

51

34

40.81

26.33

42.72

33.01

251

39

19

Hunghom (Boys),

12

5

11.46

5.00

10.60

9.26

246

40

11

Hospital Chapel (Boys),

64

31

59.11

27.05

57.63

50.03

252

41

"

Shektong-tsui (Girls),

12

7

11.68

4.71

9.72

8.29

276

42

"

Saiyingpun, Second Street, I. Division (Girls);

56

27

44.25

20.71

44.54

36.58

240

43

II.

19

(Boys),

87

46

62.07

27.78

60.18

40.65

242

44

*

Ui-hing Lane, I. Division (Girls),

42

31

40.00

28.27

38.50

35.41

225

45

II.

"

(Girls),

41

25

30.66

20.43

34.40

26.30

249

46

་.

3

47

48

"

49

Tanglungchau No. 1 (Boys),

Square Street (Girls),

Taikoktsui (Boys),.

71

45

64.92

28.68

59.18

48.83

261

No. 2 (Boys),

24

10

17.70

9.12

16.18

12.45

251

65

32

50.07

23.40

42.63

31.24

249

18

7

14.50

6.71

13.80

10.82

221

50

"

Matauwai (Boys).

28

15

25.92

14.55

26.54

22.88

250

51

Shaukiwan (Boys),

43

19

39.04

11.14

37.30

35.02

221

52

Third Street (Boys),

42

15

39.92

12.92

27.45

20.78

276

53

!!

D'Aguilar Street (Girls),

31

13

25.11

9:30

26 18

20.44

242

Kau-ü-fong (Girls),

14

3

11.96

2.23

11.14

9.31

182

Curried forward,..

1,160

656

979.63

585.13

936.08

766.25

NAME OF SCHOOL.

Table X.-RESULTS of the EXAMINATION of the GRANT-IN-AID SCHOOLS in 1898, under the provis.

NUMBER OF Scholars who Passed.

NUMBER OF SCHOLARS

Class of School.

No. of Scholars Presented.

No. of Scholars Examined.

Stand. I.

Stand. II.

Stand. III.

Stand. IV.

Stand. V.

Stand. VI.

Stand. VII.

Stand. I.

Stand. II.

Stand. III.

Stand. IV.

Stand. V.

Stand. VI.

Stand. VII.

Stand. I.

Ordinary Subjects.

Special Subjects.

Stand. II.

Stand, III.

Ordinary Subjects.

Stand. IV.

Stand. V.

Stand. VI.

Stand. VII.

Stand. I.

1.- American Board Mission, Bridges Street, (Boys),

I

33

31 4 17

2.- 3.--

*

11

Queen's Road West, (Boys)

I

32

30

7 3

15

Háwan, (Girls),

I

13

13

7

4

"

*

59

Chungwan, (Girls),

I

30

30

14

5.-- 6.-

>>

Tsat-tszmui, (Boys),

43

38 6 14

"

Mongkoktsui, (Boys),

7.-Basel Mission, Shamshuipo, (Boys),

48

48

26

8.- 9.-- >> 10.--

39

31

Shaukiwan, (Boys),..

46

45

13

"

Tokwawan, (Boys),..

31

29

16

• 20 02 0

16

15

4

5

+

Matanchung, (Boys),

11.-Berlin Ladies Mission, Queen's Road West, (Boys), 12.-C. M. S., St. Stephen's Chinese School, (Boys),

17

6

4

I

58

14

20 23

13.-

No. 2, (Boys),

I

35

20

8 10

10

14. 15.-

>>

Pottinger Street, (Boys),

I

47

44

13 14

17

>>>

Saiyingpun, (Boys),

30

30

7

12

10

16.

31

St. Stephen's Baxter Memorial, (Girls),

I

23

22

10 7

3

17.- 18.- 19. 20.- 21.-

*

Lyndhurst Terrace, (Girls),...

23

28

17

4

3

31

Third Street, (Girls),

I

22

21

5

8

**

Yaumati, (Boys),

I

16

16

7

2

"

Hunghòm, (Girls),

24

24

5

10

Quarry Bay, (Girls),

11

11

3

5

22.

>>

Aberdeen School, (Boys),

18

18

6

:::::::::::::NN ::::

12

::::::::

5

3

15

8

29

4

:::::::

3

:

::::

29

4

8

10

13

27

10

11

5

4

3

11

3

10

4

*:::::::::::::

19

1

5

3

11 19

1

23.

H

Aplichau, (Girls),..

6

6

3

25.-

19

26.--

27.- 28.

""

"

29.--

12

30.

11

$1.-

"

3.-

"

High Street, (Girls),

34.-

**

35.

*

Yaumati, (Boys)..

36

"

37.

*

24.-F. E. S., Bonham Road, Chinese Division, (Girls),

Queen's Road West, (Girls),

Saiyingpun Praya, (Girls),.

Pottinger Street, (Girls),

Stanley School, (Girls),

Shaukiwán, (Girls),

Tokwawan, (Girls),

Yaumati, (Girls),

33.-L. M. S., Square Street, (Boys),

Wantsai Chapel, (Boys),

Shektongtsui, (Boys),

Saiyingpun I. Division, (Boys),

40

39

3

28

26

11 9

.1

I

25

24

5

11

I 17

17

5

2

I

13

13

4

26

25

6

40

40

21

11

13

13

7 3

28

25

5 16

34

31

4 9

16

54

53

14

25

13

43

31

12

5

11

46

46

18

16

6

64

57

11

18 14

38.

II.

་་

"

(Boys),

37

36

10

11

སྐ :ཆ

21

6

18

8

2

15

CO LO

A co

12

23

39.

19

Hunghom, (Boys),

5

5

4

40.-

+

Hospital Chapel, (Boys),

50

46

16

18

41.

19

42.

**

43.-

44.-

*

45.- 46.- 47.-

"

JI. Ui-hing Lane, I. Division (Girls),

II.

(Girls),

Shektongtsui, (Girls),..

Saiyingpun, Second Street, I. Division, (Girls),

11

10

5

1

3

43

43

12

19

3

"

"

(Boys),.

55

54

13

15

13

38

37

13

• 6

13

2

12

12

13

31

28

12

8

4

48.-

24

49.-

"1

50.- 51.-

#

Matauwai, (Girls),

51

52.-

53.-

15

54.

35

55,-

"

56.-

57.-

*

Wantsai Chapel, (Girls),

58.-

Staunton Street, (Girls).

Tanglungchau, No. 1 (Boys),

"

Square Street,' (Girls),

Taikoktsui, (Boys),

Shaukiwan, (Boys).

Third Street, (Boys),

D'Aguilar Street, (Girls),

Kan-ü-fong, (Girls),

Tanglungchan, (Girls),

Aberdeen Street, (Girls), ............................................

59.-R. Č. Mission, Cathedral School, II. Division, (Boys).

51

51

12

13

17

No. 2 (Boys),

15

15

6

6

3

34 34

11

14

Ni A:

1

18

8

kunami : en:

2

5

5

8

15

12

10

4

4

28

25

3

4

39

38 21

8

11

15

15

7

5

27

27

3

11

8

13

10

8

7

4

2 1

6

2

::: Besi ami

3

3

18

29

29

11

9

28

28

8

11

2

7

1

39

39

17

10

5

16

22

20

4 11

5

:::

17

14 3 5

60.-

Bridges Street, Chinese Division, (Girls),

19

18 9

3

8

61.- 62. 63.- 64.- 65.-

**

St. Theresa School. (Girls)...

28

28 11 11

18

"

Holy Infancy School, (Mixed),

52

51 25

8

15

8

51

Yaumati, (Girls),

18 18 10

Shaukiwan, (Girls),

8

3

24

24 12

Hanghom, (Girls),

42

41 23

6

17

66.

W

67.

**

69. 70.- 71.- 72.-

21

Italian Convent, Chinese School, (Girls)... Sacred Heart School Chinese Div., (Girls),.

68.-Wesleyan Mission, Spring Gardens, (Boys),..

Wellington Street, (Boys)..

44

57

57

5

17

11

9

11

11

11

4

3

4

6

53

52

1.8 15

14

10

59

54

11

16

9

3

12

7

19

91

(Girls),

I

36

35

18

2

9

5

6

Lascar Row (Boys),.

I

50

40 13

19 10

15

Wantsai School, (Boys),.

I 21

21

1 8

5

73.-

»

15

Graham Street, (Girls),

35

34

9

15

5

G

74.-

15

45

Kennedy Town, (Boys),

I

75.-Basel Mission, High Street, (Girls),

71

70

26 12 12

::

76.-Berlin Foundling House School, (Girls),

II

23

19

3 5

78.-

70.-

35

55

77.—C. M. S., Victoria Home and Orphanage, Chi. Div., ( Girls), II

St. Stephen's Anglo-Chinese, (Boys), Morrison English School, (Boys)....

33

32

8 3 3

III

141

135

02 16

12 11

III

13

10

7

3

80.-Wesleyan Mission, Lyndhurst Terrace, Eng. Sch., (Boys),..| III 81.-St. Paul's College School (Boys),..

45

37

18 15 2

III 112

109

61 13

18

12

5

82.-Diocesan School, (Boys),

III 107

102

18

14

14 29

13

83.-F. E. S., Bonham Road, English Division, (Girls),

III

60

59

27

11

4 3

2

85,-

87.-

1

88.

19

89.

5

84.-L. M. S., Taipingshan, English School, (Boys),

86.-R. C. M., Cathedral School, I. Division, (Boys),

St. Joseph's College School, (Boys), Italian Convent, English Division, (Girls),..

Portuguese Division, (Girls),

III 72

69 49 16 3

East Point, English School, (Boys).

III 12

JTI 34

III

III

90.

31

Bridges Street, English Division, (Girls),

91.

"

Portuguese Division, (Girls),..

12 9 3 34 18 137 134 26 19 110 107 III 27 27 III 15 III 33

::::::::

14 18

123

13

23

7 10 8

15 13 1

33

B

12

10

92.

93.

"

94.

95.

915-

11

97.

Nova Escola Portugueza, (Girls),

Sacred Heart School English Division, (Girls), St. Francis, Portuguese Division, (Girls),

Victoria Port. School, Port. Division, (Mixed),.

Eng. Division, (Mixed),

III 6

6

3

III 16

16

III 8

8

English

(Girls).

JII

13

13

00:00 •O MN2

16

18

3

16 30

3

::::::::::::::::::::::::::

12

:

21

29

18

9 33 21

2

::

II 11

10

6

III 8

N

98.

Victoria English School, (Boys),.

III 73

69

12

99.

"

(Girls),.

III

30

30

100.-C. M. S., Victoria Home & Orphanage, Eng. Div., (Girls). III

13

13

6 5

CAE:

11

4

142

:

f the GRANT-IN-AID SCHOOLS in 1898, under the provisions of the Scheme of 19th August, 1893.

8

17

8

4

12

6

8

18

15

8

16

5

5

3

13

:::::::::

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

4

1

18

11

13 8

8 3

15

5

4

4

3

2

12

12

17

15

6

21

8

6

18

8

4

:: mic:

-25 S

2

1

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::~ : : :~:::::::

2

:* : : :~:~~2 :

12

:::-* : : : :~

6

+2

3

20 18

33 21

**:::::8 : : : : ::

: : : : :~~::::::::::::::::::*::

29 8

4

8

6

10

13

27

10

11

5

4

11

3

10

4

IN

41

28

24

44

40

29

21

21

13

28

18

17

17

5

16

4

76,00 8.71 81,71 281.50 38.93 $23.45

87.57 142.50 18.78 161.28

49.22 223.75 24.61 248.36 30.39 142.25 15.19 157.11 26.03 107.00 13.01 120,01 10 24.34 154.75 12.17 166.92 25.01 103.50 12.50 116.00 20.36 71.00 10.18 81.18

12

5

11

21.59 93.00 12.44 56.00

10.79

106.79

6.22

G:.22

16

21.34 70.00 10.67

80.67

6

8.58

25.00

4.29

29.29

39

45 88

306.00

22.94

328.94

26

14

25.94

1:0.00 12.97

142.97

22

24.27 116.50 12.13

128.63

8

1

26.23 35.50

13.11

48.61

13

16.49

60.00

8.24

68.24

16

9

10

3

21.10

101.75

10.55

112.30

40

20

16

32.06

93.25

16.03

209.28

13

14.79

25

11

2

29 2

16

12

52

1 34 2

29 2 8 9

44 2 29 3

43 14 16 41

33

3 24 6

4 1

41

5

9

1 2 1

18

::

:::::::::*:::::::::::::

:::::

37

6 17 166 12

50

5 39 14

36

22

25

3

1

::::::::::::::::

46 5 32

15

11 2

31 2

20

8

2

8 2

:: :: :: :: :: :28 : :0:

60.00

7.59

67.39

27.20

106.25

13.60

119.85

38 60

151.00

19.30

170.30

49.56

241.50 24.78 266.28

35.40

134.25

17.70

151,45

40.99

200 CO

20.49 220.49

55.25

200.00

27.62 227.62

33.01

168.75

16.50 185.25

9.26

16.00

4.63

20.63

50.03

162.00

25.01

187,01

8.29

44.50

4.14 48.64

12

36.58 171.75

18.29

190.04

40,65 271.25

:0.32 291.57

10 21

35.41

199.00

17.70

216.70

12

4

3

26.30

104.50

13 15

117.65

48.83

238.25

24.41

262.66

12.45

66.25

6.22

72.47

12

14

31.24

159.25

15.62

165.87

19.82

42.00

5.41

47.41

18

6 13

2.89

94,50

11.44 105.91

36

13

23

35 02

146,50

17.51 164.01

12

20.78

58.00

10.39 68.39

27

23

Re

20.44

7

8

3

166.00 9.31 34.00

10.22 176.22

4,65 38,65

28

14

21.37 126,00

12.18 138.18

28

39

25

20

239

7

14

22.37 174.00 11.18 185.18

18

33.92 216.75 16.96 233.71

10

9

21.40 116.25

10.70

116.95

10

4

21.44 41.00

10,72

* 51.72

15 3

3

19.96 81.25

9.98

91.23

28

26

17

5

1

29.30 144.75

14.65 159.40

49

2

31

10

16

49.80

271.75

24.90 296.65

18

14

4

18.32

91.25

9.16 100.41

22 2 15

24.64

104 25

12.32

116.57

41

27

5

47.54

203.00

23.77

226.77

11

11

39 15

19 9

53 1 45 12

47 5 10.37

15 20

1

22

95.43 422.25

47.71 469.96

1 15.-17 61.00

48.17 208.50

7.73 24.08 232.58

68.73

31 4 11 2 8 15 13

42

7

61.13 33.23 54.11 175.00

183.25 30.56 213.81

157.50 16.61 174.11

27.07 202.07

14 7

10

8

31 3 11 18

67 3

19

32

131 4

10

35

109

16

3

1 96 6 75

48 11

68 1

12

31

19

24

18

8 114

20

75 69

92 15

::::::::

25 2

14

30 3

6

15

8

II

10

8

11

48

21 32 43

3

24

6

16 24

13

:

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :::::::02:

4

13 14

24.45 27.82 199.50

58.00

12.22 70.22

13.91 213.41

9

3

25 18 64.78 492.00

7

25.46 200.00 16 14 34.41 295.50 146.94 932.00

48.58 540.58 19.09 219.69 25.83 321.33

16 30

as to coä :: 8:::::

146.94 1,078.91

26.40

72.00

39.92

248.00

1:7.39 864.00

127,39

120.37 1,153.00

26.40 98.40

39.92 287.92

991.39

120.37 1,273,37

62.01

423 50

62.01 485.51

64.11

8 16

39.07

2

2 3

15.59

235.00 92.50

3 13

6

34.27 267.50

8.63 48.00

3

17.41 139.50

13.41 73.00

13.41 86.41

15.02

34.91

452.00

64,11 516.11

78.00 15.02 93.02 238.00 34.91 272.91 162.03 1,528.03

162.03 1,366,00

36 65 146.26 1,065.00

146.26 1,211.26

39.07 274.07

15.59 148,09 34.27 301.77

8 63

56.63

17.41 156.91

19.56 90.00 19,56 109.56

11.46 70.00

11.46 81.46

8.27

84.00

8.27 02.27

89.26

561.00

89.26 650.20

3.71 $68.00 33.71 401.71 14.94 109.50 14.94 124.44

29

8

mimi wi

15

6

: : : :

iai vi

:::::

12

19

28

ون هر

$

$

3 12 19

29.70

128.00

11.85

142 85

26

4

23

B

34.78

150.75

17.39

168.14

13

3

12.64

53.50

6.32

59.82

29

16

13

8

11

23.27

26 12

145.75 11.63 157.38 37.73 110.00 15.86 128.86

3

48

39 4

11 11 3

38

20 25

19

22

7

2 20

48.19 204.50 24.09

40.55

228.59 178.00 20.27 198.27

28.50

77.00 14.25 91.25

17.43

77.87

Stand. v1.

Stand. VII,

Stand. I.

Stand. JI.

Stand. III.

Stand. IV.

Stand, V.

Stand. VI,

Stand, VII.

Stand. I.

Stand. II.

Stand. III.

Stand. IV.

Stand. V.

Stand. VI.

Stand. VII.

Stand. I.

Stand. II.

Stand. III.

Stand. IV.

Stand. V.

Stand. VI.

Stand. VII.

Passed.

Failed.

Passeri.

Failed.

Special Subjects.

Ordinary Subjects.

Special Subjects.

›p Scholars who PASSED.

NUMBER OF SCHOLARS WHO FAILED,

Failed.

Fair.

Good.

Very Good.

Subjects. Subjects.

Needle Work.

Ordinary Special

TOTALS.

Average Daily Attendance

during the year.

Examination Grant,

Capltation Grant.

Total Grant earned in 1898.

TOTAL,.

.$22,258,52 5,551.30 16,691.29

417

TABLE A.-RESULTS of the EXAMINATION of the GRANT-IN-AID SCHOOLS IN LOID, under the proc

NUMBER OF SCHOLARS WHO PASSED.

NUMBER OF Schola

NAME OF SCHOOL.

Class of School.

No. of Scholars Presented.

No. of Scholars Examined.

Stand. I.

Stand. II.

Stand, III.

Stand, IV,

Stand. V.

Stand. VI.

Stand. VII.

Stand. I.

Ordinary Subjects.

Special Subjects.

-

I al ai

Stand. II.

Stand. III.

Stand. IV.

Stand. V.

Stand. VI.

Stand. VII.

8

13

10

10

11

5

3

11

10

HAH : : : :m*::

60.-

"

61.-

19

62.- 63.-

"

++

Yaumati, (Girls),

64.-

+

Shaukiwan, (Girls),

65.-

*

Hunghom, (Girls),

66.-

$4

67.-

Italian Convent, Chinese School, (Girls)... Sacred Heart School Chinese Div., (Girls),....

68.-Wesleyan Mission, Spring Gardens, (Boys)...

69.-

"

Wellington Street, (Boys)..

70.-

19

19

"

(Girls),

71.- 72.--

"

"

Lascar Row (Boys),..

"

Wantsai School, (Boys),.

73.-

74.-

>

35

"

Graham Street, (Girls),

Kennedy Town, (Boys),

簿

75.-Basel Mission, High Street, (Girls),

76.-Berlin Foundling House School, (Girls),

78.-

79.-

55

>>

77.-C. M. S., Victoria Home and Orphanage, Chi. Div., (Girls), II

St. Stephen's Anglo-Chinese, (Boys), Morrison English School, (Boys)..........

4.-

21

35.

93

Yaumati, (Boys),.

36

37.-

"

38.

24.-F. E. S., Bonham Road, Chinese Division, (Girls),

25.

26.

7.- 28.

High Street, (Girls),

Queen's Road West, (Girls),

Saiyingpun Praya, (Girls),..

Pottinger Street, (Girls),

13

*T

99

"1

20.-

"

Stanley School, (Girls),

20.

"

$1.-

3?.-

"

Shaukiwán, (Girls),

Tokwawan, (Girls),

Yaumati, (Girls),

33.-L. M. S., Square Street, (Boys),

Wantsai Chapel, (Boys),

Shektongtsui, (Boys),

Saiyingpun I. Division, (Boys),

II.

17

19

(Boys),

39.-

"

Hunghom, (Boys),

40. 41.- 42.

51

Hospital Chapel, (Boys),

">

Shektongtsui, (Girls),...

"

43.

"}

55

Saiyingpun, Second Street, I. Division, (Girls),.

JI.

44.

*

Ui-hing Lane, I. Division (Girls),

45.-

55

II.

(Girls),

46.

"

47.

"

48.

**

49.-

"

50.-

#

51.

*

52.

55

53.-

53

54.-

"}

55.- 56. 57.-

$$

"

"

58.-

Tanglungchau, No. 1 (Boys),

"

No. 2 (Boys),

Square Street,' (Girls), Taikoktsui, (Boys),.

Matauwai, (Girls),

Shaukiwan, (Boys).. Third Street, (Boys),

D'Aguilar Street, (Girls), Kan-ü-fong, (Girls), Tanglungchan, (Girls),

Aberdeen Street, (Girls),

Wantsai Chapel, (Girls),

Staunton Street, (Girls).

59.-R. C. Mission, Cathedral School, II. Division, (Boys),

Bridges Street, Chinese Division, (Girls),

St. Theresa School, (Girls)..........

Holy Infancy School, (Mixed),

+1

59

55

Chungwan, (Girls),

Tsat-tszmui, (Boys),

1.- American Board Mission, Bridges Street, (Boys),

33

31

2.- 3.--

"

>

4.--

**

5.-

>>

6.-

8.--

9.-

>>

*

55

10.-

>>

Queen's Road West, (Boys) Hawan, (Girls),

30

13

7 8

7 4

30 14 7 38

6 14

48 26 16

MANNA

4 17

15106

7

Mongkoktsui, (Boys),

7.-Base! Mission, Shamshuipo, (Boys),

Shaukiwan, (Boys),.

Tokwawan, (Boys),....... Matanchung, (Boys),

11.-Berlin Ladies Mission, Queen's Road West, (Boys),

12.-C. M. S., St. Stephen's Chinese School, (Boys),

ל

>

Pottinger Street, (Boys),

St. Stephen's Baxter Memorial, (Girls),

13.-

No. 2, (Boys),

14.-

>>

15.-

Saiyingpun, (Boys),

16.-

17.-

Lyndhurst Terrace, (Girls),.

18.-

Third Street, (Girls),

1.

19.-

Yaumati, (Boys)..

20.-

25

Hunghom, (Girls),

21.

55

Quarry Bay, (Girls),

22.-

>>

Aberdeen School, (Boys),

23.-

"

Aplichau, (Girls),..

I

22

16

26

2004:23Z :NDATA?K*=*=*=*KIMA=******=*==---------APR 2282-----2---BSSANA TERAZI

45 13 15

29

16

4

17

6

4

58 14

20 23

20

8

10

10

44 13

14

17

30

7

12 10

22

10

7

28

17

4

宁3n7033

21

5

8

16

24

11

3

18

6

6

39

26

24

17

13

4

25

6

40 21

13

7 3

25

16

31

9 4 16

53 14 25

13

31 12 5 11

12

99

46 18 16 6

18

57 11 18 14

8

37

36

10 11

7

15

5

4

46

16

18

7

,10- 5

1 3

2

43 12 19

3

12

(Boys),

55

54

13 15

13

12

37

13

.6

13

13

28

12

8

4

1

51

12 13

17

18

15

6 6

3

34

11

14

N

8 15

10

3

4

25

38

21

15

27

11

13

8

4

2

29

11

28

39 17 10

20

14

18

28

11

51 25 8

18 10

24

24 12 4

42

41 23 6

57

11

53

52 15 18

59

54 11 16

35 18

49

21

21

34

II

70

II

23

19

33

32

III

141

135

ΤΙΣ 13

10

80.-Wesleyan Mission, Lyndhurst Terrace, Eng. Sch., (Boys),. III 45 81.-St. Paul's College School (Boys),..

37

82.-Diocesan School, (Boys),

112 III III 107

109

102

83.-F. E. S., Bonham Road. English Division, (Girls),

JTI 60

59

85.-

84.-L. M. S., Taipingshan, English School, (Boys),

36.-R. C. A., Cathedral School, I. Division, (Boys),

St. Joseph's College School, (Boys), Italian Convent, English Division, (Girls),..

Portuguese Division, (Girls),

III 72

69 49

East Point, English School, (Boys).

III 12

12

III 31

34

87-

19

88.

"

$9.

++

55

III

27

27

10

8

90.-

91

Bridges Street, English Division, (Girls),

III 15

15

13

1

91.-

"

32.- 93.- 94.- 95.- 91.-

M

Portuguese Division, (Girls),. Nova Escola Portugueza, (Girls),

III

33

33

B

12

III 6

6

"

""

Sacred Heart School English Division, (Girls), St. Francis, Portuguese Division, (Girls),

III

16

16

III

8

8

>

**

English

97.

99.-

(Girls),..

Victoria Port. School, Port. Division, (Mixed), III

Eng. Division, (Mixed),. III 8 98.-Victoria English School, (Boys),..

JKI 13 III 30 100.-C. M. S., Victoria Home & Orphanage, Eng. Div., (Girls). III 13

"

(Girls),

III

13

13

11

10

S

69

30

13

5

11

III

137

134 24 19

III 110 107 14 18 30 16

anui aai --~*: 5: ox

11

16

4

11

3

5

9

3

11

18

15

17

5 17

4 3

3

12 20 14 00 00 21 00 00 1

8

8

9

12

2 9

2

13

19

10

8 1

5

9

15

5

26

12

8

2

92

16

12 11

3

18

15

2

61 13

18 12

18 14

29 14

13

27

11

4 3

16 3

ก 3

18

1123

13

23 16 18

:9:

5 6

11

Ordinary Subjects.

Stand. I.

Stand. II.

Stand. III.

Stand. IV.

::

Stand. V.

Stand. VI.

Stand. VII,

21

29

18

• 00

172

12

3

::

33

21

12

• 03 -

::

Education Department, Hongkong, 4th February, 1898.

* Uuder C.S.O. 270 of 1899, the Teacher's bonus ($12.93) is withheld.

† Physical Geography.

:::

6

21

6

18

8

15

re GRANT-IN-AID SCHOOLS in 1898, under the provisions of ine Scheme of 19th August, 1099.

HOLARS WHO PASSED,

NUMBER OF Scholars Who FAILED.

TOTALS.

Special Subjects.

Ordinary Subjects.

Special Subjects.

8

10

13

27

10

11

5

4

11

3

29

::

29

2

ཡཆ

3

5

8

3

15

:::::::::::::::

:::::

11

19

:::

1

i ai vi

6

12

19

Stand. VII.

Stand. I.

Stand. II.

Stand. III.

Stand.

IV.

Stand. V.

Stand. VI.

Stand. VII.

Stand. I.

Stand. II.

Stand. III.

Stand. IV.

Stand. V.

Stand. VI.

Stand. VII.

Stand. I.

Stand. II.

Stand. III.

Stand. IV.

45

:::

10 4

2

12

3

12

17

13

8

1

18 11

15

844

3

5

4

3

11

13 10

HA : : : :mm: : : : * ·

1

9

8

16

5

5

5

8

18

15

9

8

3

8

3

17

6

9

11

4

6

10

12

7

5

6

12

2

5

:::::::::::::

21

29

18

::::::

33

21

12

::::

8

I wal:::

12

:::::::* ::

* Under C.S.O. 270 of 1599, the Teacher's bonus ($12.93) is withheld. + Physical Geography.

110 14

2

28

5

2 2

Stand.

V.

Needle Work.

Ordinary Special

Subjects. Subjects.

Stand. VI.

Stand. VII.

Passed.

Failed.

Passed.

Failed.

Failed.

Fair.

Good.

Very

Good.

Average Daily Attendance

during the year.

Examination Grant.

Capitation Grant.

Total Graut earned in 1898.

4

$

éo

22

3

28

25

3 12 19

4 23 *

29 1

26 12

48

38 22

16 13

20 25 2 20

29.70

128.00

11.85 142 85

34.78 150,75

17.39

168.14

3

12.64 53.50

6.32

39

: : 18GN

59.82

23.27 145.75

11.63

157.38

:

37.73 110.00 15.86

128.86

48.19 204.50

24.09

228.59

40.55 178.00

20.27

198.27

28.50 77.00 14.25

91.25

41

1

24

40

29

21

21

1

13

17.43 76.00 8.71 77,87 284.30 38.9፡፡ 87.57 142.50 18.78 49.22 223,75 24.61 30.39 142.25 26.03 107.00 13.01

81.71

$23.13

161.28

248.36

15.19 157.44

1:0.01

7

28

18

24.34 154.75

12.17

166.92

17

4

17

25.01 103.50

12.50

116.00

16

20.36 71.00

J0.18

81.18

12

5

21.59 93.00 10.79

106.79

11

12.44 56.00

6.22

62.22

16

21.34 70.00

10.67

80.67

6

8.58

25.00

4.29-

29.29

39

35

45 88

306.00

22.04

328.94

22

26

14

25.94

130.00

12.97 142.97

22

2

12

24.27

116,50

8

13

16

12.13 128.63 26.23 35.50 13.11 48.61 16.49 60.00 8.24 68.24 21.10 101.75 10.55 112.30

40

20

13

25

11

3

29

2

16

52

1 34

29

2 8

:::

32.06 93.25 14.79 60,00

16.03

209.28 7.39 67.39

27.20

106.25

13.60 119,85

38 60

151.00

19.30 170.30

49.56

241.50

24.78 26.28

35.40 134.25 17.70 151.95

44 2 29

6

43

14 16 41

33

3

4

1

41

5

9

37

50

36

25

3

46

32

15

11

31

2

20

8

2

18

7

36

Fan818-BENDI M

24 6

40.99 200.00 20.49 55.25

200.00 33.01 168.75

220.49 27.62 227.62

16.50

185.25

9.26

16.00

4.63

20.63

162.00

44.50

17

16 12

12

39 14

50,03 8.29 36.58

171.75 40,65 271.25 20.32 291.57

25.01

187.01

4.14 48.64

18.29 190,04

22 2

10 21

35.41 199.00

17.70 216.70

2 12

4

26.30

104.50

13.15

117.65

5

48.83

238.25

24.41

262.66

2

12.45

66,25

6.22

72.47

7

12

14

31.24

150,25

15.62

165.87

2

19.82

42.00

5.41

47.41

6 13

22.88

94,50

11.44

105.94

13 23

35 02

146.50

17.51

164.01

12

20.78

58.00

10,39

68.39

27

23

1

5 10

20.44 166.00

10.22

176.22

7

8

3

9.31 34.00

4.65 38,65

28

13

14

24.37

28

4

7 14

3

126.00 12.18 138.18 22.37 174.00

11.18 185.18

2

39

25

5

18

7

33.92 216.75 16.96 233.71

20

10

3

9

21.40

116.25

10.70

116.95

10

4

21.44 41.00

10.72

* 51.72

15

14

3

5

19.96 81.25

9.98

91.23

26

17

29.30

144.75

14.65

159.40

2

2

::::*::::

49

2 31

10

49.80

271.75

24.90

296.65

18

14

2

18.32

91.25

9.16

100.41

22

15

3

24.64

104 25

12.32

116.57

41

27

3

47,54

203.00

23.77

226.77

53

11

47

39

3179

+

45

12

15 20

95.43

422.25

47.71

469.96

11

1

15.17 61.00

746

68.73

5 10.37

48.17

15

19 9

61.13

2:8.50 183.25

24.08

232.58

31

4 11

8 2

15 13

30.56 213.81 33,23 157.50 16,61 174.11 54.14 175.00 27.07 202.07 24.45 58.00 12.22 70.22 27.82 199,50 13.91 213.41

18

50 co:

10

67

19

32

131

10

35

2

109

16

3

1

98

6

48

11

68

42 7

14

241

31 3 11 18

: : : : ::

13 14 4

25 18

3 16 14

932.00

72.00

64.78 492.00 48.58 540.58 25.46 200.00 19.09 219.09 34.44 295.50 25,83 321.33 146.94 26.40

146.94 1,078.91

12

$1

19 21

18

8 114

20

92

15

25 2

1-1

30

3

6

15

8

11 48

2

3

24

13

to co co c

49

6

16 24

4

11

10

21 32

:*::::: : : : : : : 51: : : : 51: :

27

3 16 30

::::::

26.40 98.40

39.92

248.00

39.92 287.92

1:7.39

864.00

127.39 991.39

120.37 1,153.00

120.37 1,273,37

62.01 64.11 15.02 78.00 24.91 238.00

423 50 452.00

62.01 485.51

64.11 516.11

75

69

36

162.03 1,366,00 65 146.26 1,065.00

8 16 39.07 235.00

15.02 93.02 34.91 272.91 162.03 1,528.03 146.26 1,211.26

39.07

274.07

3 13

2 3

15.59 92.50 6 34.27 267.50

15.59 108.09 34.27

301.77

8.63 17.41

48.00

:::

13.41

8 63 139.50 17.41 73.00 13.41

56.63

156.91

86.41

19.56 90,00 11.46 70.00 8.27 84.00 89.26 561.00 89.26 83.71 368.00 33.71 401.71 14.94 109.50 14.94 124.44

19.56 11.46

109.56

81.46

8.27 02.27

650.26

TOTAL,...

.$22,258.52 5,551.30 16,691.29

A. W. BREWIN,

Inspector of Schools,

419

TABLE IX.-ENROLMENT, ATTENDANCE and NUMBER of SCHOOL DAYS at the GRANT-IN-AID SCHOOLS, Continued,

No.

Name of Schools.

Monthly Monthly

Enrol- Enrol ment. ment.

Brought forward,

1,160

656

100

888******************22**7~~=882283288288*

56

57

Wantsai Chapel (Girls),

58

19

59

60

11

61

62

55 L.MS., Tanglungchau (Girls),

Aberdeen Street (Girls),

Yaumati (Girls),

Shaukiwan (Girls),

Hunghòm (Girls),...

66

11

Italian Convent, Chinese School (Girls),

67

68

Wesleyan Mission, Spring Gardens (Boys),

69

??

34

70

"

"

(Girls),

71

"

Lascar Row (Boys),

"7

11

63

64

65

Staunton Street (Girls),

R.C.M., Cathedral School, II. Division (Boys),

11

"

""

"

Bridges Street, Chinese Division (Girls),.. St. Theresa School (Girls),

Holy Infancy School (Mixed),

102

Sacred Heart School, Chinese Division (Girls),

Wellington Street (Boys),

102

74

75

76

"

St. Stephen's Anglo-Chinese (Boys),

79

"

Wantsai School (Boys),

Graham Street (Girls),..

Basel Mission, High Street (Girls),

Berlin Foundling House School (Girls),

77 C.M.S., Victoria Home and Orphanage, Ch. Div. (Girls),...

Morrison English School (Boys),

Kennedy Town (Boys),

222

*****5*888ZEROORSAA ana

46

62

56

30

54

87

26

38

61

80

Wesleyan Mission, Lyndhurst Terrace, Eng. Sch. (Boys),

60

81

St. Paul's College School (Boys),

163

8 - C20****

Maximum Minimum Average Average

Average Maximum Minimum

Monthly Daily Daily Enrol- Attend- Attend-

ance.

ance.

Average Daily

Number

Attend-

of School

ance for

ment.

the Year.

Days.

979,63

585.13

936.08

766.25

37.51

4.07

31.16

24.37

274

25

30.33

15.88

32.45

22.37

270

32

41.04

25.84

41.18

33.92

266

23

26.81

14.84

26.09

21.40

273

30.51

10.00

23.50

21.44

267

26.24

12.63

25.58

19.96

269

24

32.22

23.18

33.16

29.30

256

59.15

28.50

54.58

49.80

266

14

27.85

10.65

25.58

18 32

276

20

29.30

19.08

26.91

24.64

268

53.80

24.14

52.41

47.54

273

92

100.58

89.42

96.83

95.43

279

15

19.83

12.13

18.91

15.47

267

46

57.55

37.26

55.09

48.17

276

58

82.64

46.33

71.36

61.13

235

26

46.40

18.55

40.18

33.23

243

54

64.34

50,45

58.00

54.14

250

19

29.26

8.37

25.27

24.45

286

40.92

17.40

89.72

27.82

267

72

75.51

57.36

75.90

64.78

256

25

26.00

24.44

25.90

25.46

262

31

36.88

28.73

35.45

34.44

243

124

194.70

116.72

163.90

146.94

253

23

45.81

14.76

38.18

26.40

260

33

55.50

20.57

45.36

39.92

251

28

153.22

26.80

130.27

127.39

243

Diocesan Home and Orphanage (Boys),

156

84

139.57

74.85

133.83

120.37

249

84

85

L.M.S.,

86

11

89

F.E.S., Bonham Road. English Division (Girls), L.M.S., Taipingshan. English School (Boys),

East Point English School (Boys), R.C.M., Cathedral School, 1. Division (Boys),

St. Joseph's College School, (Boys), Italian Convent, English Division (Girls),

Portuguese Division (Girls),

68

60

65.10

58.13

64.45

62.01

241

82

55

75.22

45.06

71.27

64.11

225

27

13

24.10

7.70

16.81

15.02

242

42

16

40.28

15.38

35.33

34.91

273

194

149

182.68

144.89

174.54

162.03

258

193

158

174.47

98.84

178.63

146.26

217

57

44

45.66

24.90

53.5+

39.07

217

90

Bridges Street, English Division (Girls),

21

9

17.59

7.70

17.58

15.59

269,

91

"

Portuguese Division (Girls),

44

34

39.26

27.69

39.00

34.27

269

92

17

Nova Escola Portugueza (Girls),

12

10

10.21

7.30

10.75

8.63

227

93

1

94

"

Sacred Heart School, English Division (Girls), St. Francis, Portuguese Division (Girls),,

20

18

18.45

16.86

19.18

17.41

230

24

15

16.77

11.03

17.75

13.41

281

95

""

English Division (Girls),

34

20

22.69

14,33

26.75

19.56

281

96

19

Victoria Portuguese School, Port. Div. (Mixed),.

17

9

14.26

7.72

12.83

11.46

228

97

""

59

Eng. Div. (Mixed),.

13

7

11.53

7,07

9.83

8.27

219

98

Victoria English School (Boys),.

142

76

120.15

68.08

99.33

89.26

241

99

(Girls),

44

23

38.30

20.96

37.08

33.71

240

C.M.S, Victoria Home and Orphanage, Eng. Div. (Girls),.

17

15

16.40

13.69

15.90

14.94

242

+

Total,.....

5,076

8,105

4,438.38

2,455,90

4,172.62 3,581.11

:

420

TABLE XI.-Percentage of Scholars who passed in the GRANT-IN-AID SCHOOLS during the last.two Years.

No,

Name of Schools.

1897.

1898.

Increase.

Decrease.

1 American Board Mission, Bridges Street (Boys).

72.09

90.32

18.23

2

>>

Queen's Road West (Boys)..

93.03

83.33

9.70

3

""

""

Hawan (Girls)

85.00

100.00

15.00

4

""

"

Chung-wan (Girls)

100.00

93.33

6.67

.

""

""

Tsat-tsz-mui (Boys)

83.87

68.42

15.45

6

"

""

Mong-kok-tsui (Boys)

100.00

7

Basel Mission, Shamshuipo (Boys)

93 02

100.00

6.98

8

>>

Shaukiwan (Boys)

98.30

84.44

13.86

9

""

To'kwa-wan (Boys)

95.83

75.86

19.97

10

"

Matau-chung (Boys).

11

Berlin Ladies Mission. Queen's Road West (Boys).

86.36

100.00

13.64

12 | C. M. S. St. Stephen's Chinese School (Boys)

98.11

98.27

0.16

13

>>

""

No. 2 (Boys)

92.68

96,55

3.87

14

""

Pottinger Street (Boys).

100.00

100.00

15

19

Saiyingpun (Boys)

97.58

96.66

0.92

16

St. Stephen's Baxter Memorial (Girls)

62.96

95.45

32.49

17

Lyndhurst Terrace (Girls).

100.00

100 00

23

18

Third Street (Girls)

100.00

80.95

19.05

19

>>

Yaumati (Boys)

85.71

100.00

20

Hunghoin (Girls)

100.00

79.16

20.84

21

Quarry Bay (Girls).............

100.00

22

"}

Aberdeen School (Boys).

50.00

88.88

38.88

23

Aplichan (Girls).....

78.57

100.00

21.43

24

F. E. S. Bonham Road, Chinese Division (Girls)

100.00

100.00

25

High Street (Girls)..

95.23

100.00

4.77

26

>>

Queen's Road West (Girls)

100.00

91 66

8.34

27

>>

Saiyingpun Praya (Girls)

95.23

47.05

48.18

28

""

29

**

30

""

31

"

32

33

34

"J

35

**

36

""

37

""

38

""

Pottinger Street (Girls)

Stanley School (Girls)

Shaukiwan (Girls) To'kwa-wan (Girls) Yaumati (Girls)

L. M. S. Square Street (Boys)

Wantsai Chapel (Boys) Yaumati (Boys)

Shektongtsui (Boys)

Saiyingpun I Division (Boys)

II

100.00

100.00

84.1

64.00

20.61

75.75

100.00

24.25

93.75

100.00

6.25

100.00

100.00

97.56

93.54

4.02

96.77

98.11

1.34

94.11

90.62

3.49

84.61

95.65

11.04

88.88

75.43

13.45

""

(Boys)

90.74

91.66

0.92

39

79

Hunghom (Boys)

90.90

80.00

10.90

40

"

Hospital Chapel (Boys)

100.00

89.13

10.87

41

"

Shektongtsui (Girls)

63,63

90.00

26.37

42

""

Saiyingpun, Second Street, I Division (Girls)....

86.88

86.04

0.84

4

43

II

"2

44

"J

Ui-Ling Lane, Ï' Division (Girls)

"3

(Boys)...

76.92

92.59

15.67

96.49

97.29

0.80

45

21

"

46

>>

47

27

48

??

49

"

50

>>

51

52

""

53

54

"

55

56

29

11

""

Tanglung-chau No. 1 (Boys)..

""

No. 2 (Boys).

Square Street (Girls) Taikok-tsui (Boys).

Matau-wai (Girls)

Shaukiwan (Boys) Third Street (Boys)

D'Aguilar Street (Girls) Kau-u-fong (Girls)

Tanglung-chau (Girls) Aberdeen Street (Girls)

(Girls)

$0.64

89.28

8.64

100.00

90.13

9.87

96.29

100.00

3.71

93.75

93.93

0.18

80.00

76.92

72.00

4.92

94.73

81.81

80.00

1.81

96.96

100.00

3.04

92.30

100.00

7.70

100.00

96.55

3 45

96.55

100 00

3.45

57

"

Wantsai Chapel (Girls)

100.00

100.00

......

58

""

Staunton Street (Girls)

93.33

100.00

6.67

59

R. C. M. Cathedral School II Division (Boys)

81.25

71.42

9.83

60

""

Bridges Street, Chinese Division (Girls)

87.09

83.33

3.76

61

77

St. Theresa School (Girls)...........

92.10

100.00

7.90

62

29

Holy Infancy School (Mixed)

97.72

96.07

1.65

63

"}

Yaumati (Girls)

100.00

100.00

64

Shaukiwan (Girls)

92.59

91.66

0.93

"

65

""

Hunghom (Girls)

89.28

100.00

10.72

66

""

Italian Convent, Chinese School (Girls)

80.00

92.98

12.98

67

Sacred Heart

"

(Girls)

92.00

100.00

800

69

""

68 Wesleyan Mission, Spring Gardens (Boys)

Wellington Street (Boys)

76.92

90.38

23.46

93.42

72.22

21.20

70

22

""

17

(Girls)

79.48

88.57

9.09

71

""

""

Lascar Row (Boys)..........

83.05

85.71

2.66

72

""

""

Wantsai School (Boys)

87.50

66.66

20.84

73

دو

99

Graham Street (Girls)

98.03

91.17

6.86

74

"

"

Kennedy Town (Boys)

90.90

a

75

Basel Mission, High Street (Girls)

100.00

95.71

4.29

76

Berlin Foundling House School (Girls)

100.00

100,00

י 4

Class

of

Schools.

No.

*

TABLE XI.--PERCENTAGE of SCHOLARS who passed in the GRANT-IN-AID SCHOOLS,--Continued.

Name of Schools.

1897.

1898.

Increase.

Decrease.

77 78

}}

C. M. S. Victoria Home and Orphanage, Chin. Div. (Girls)

St. Stephen's Anglo-Chinese (Boys)

97.05

100.00

2.95

99.04

97.03

2.01

79

""

Morrison English School (Boys)

90.90

100.00

9.10

80

Wesleyan Mission, Lyndhurst Terrace Eng. School (Boys)

95.34

94.59

0.75

81

St. Paul's College School (Boys)

90.74

100.00

9.26

82

Diocesan School (Boys)............

82.35

94.11

11.76

83

F. E. S. Bonham Road, Euglish Division (Girls)

73.91

$1.35

7.44

84

85

86

87

""

R. C. M. Cathedral School I Division (Boys).

L. M. S. Tai-ping-shan, English School (Boys)

East Point (Boys)

87.30

98.55

11.25

100.00

100.00

91.17

8.83

"

88

"

89

"

""

"

90

91

""

92

93

""

94

"

St. Joseph's College School (Boys).. Italian Convent, English Division (Girls)

. Portuguese Division (Girls).. Bridges Street, English Division (Girls)... Bridges Street, Portuguese Division (Girls) Nova Escola Portugueza (Girls) Sacred Heart School, Eng. Division (Girls) St. Francis Portuguese Division (Girls)

85.49

85.07

0.42

89.62

85.97

3.65

100.00

92.59

7.41

100.00

93.33

6.67

100.00

90.90

9.10

100.00

100.00

100.00

93.75

6.25

100.00

100.00

95

English

"

(Girls)

77.27

84.61

7.34

96

"

Victoria Portuguese School, Portug. Div. (Mix.)

100,00

90.90

9.10

97

"

"

>>

22

Eng. Div. (Mixed)

100.00

100.00

98

99

(Girls)

""

27

100

Victoria English School (Boys)

C. M. S. Vict. Home and Orphanage, Eng. Div. (Girls)

93.84

69.56

24.28

100.00

80.00

20.00

100.00

Name of Schools.

TABLE XII.--PERCENTAGE of PASSES in the various subjects in which the GRANT-IN-Aid Schools

were examined in 1898.

Reading.

Writing

or Com-

position.

Compo-

sition.

(Chinese.)

I.

American Board Mission, Bridges Street (Boys),

100.00

""

Queen's Rd. West (Boys),

100 00

90,32 38.70 83.33

100.00 100.00

88.46

100.00

19

"1

Háwan (Girls)..

100.00

100.00

100.00 94.73 Failed 100.00 100.00

"9

"

11

Chungwan (Girls),

100.00

93.33

55.72

100.00

>>

"

>>

19

"1

11

**

19

Shaukiwán (Boys),

??

"

19

Tokwawan (Boys),

"

1:

Matauchung (Boys), .

Tsat-tsz-mui (Boys), Mongkok-tsui (Boys),

Basel Mission, Shamshuipo (Boys),

92.10 76.31

100.00 88.88 100.00

66.66

100.00 100.00

90.69

100.00

100.00 100.00

50.00

97.95 91.11

55.55

100.00

85.18 85.18

9.09

100.00

95.45 | 100.00 | Failed 100.00 40.00 Failed

"?

>>

"

"}

11

19

"

11

**

Third Street (Girls),

拿要

**

Yaumati (Boys)..

"

39

Hunghom (Girls),

11

:

Quarry Bay (Girls),

19

Aberdeen School (Boys),.

11

Aplichau (Girls),

11

**

"J

11

:

Berlin Ladies Mission. Queen's Road West (Boys),

C.MS., St. Stephen's Chinese School (Boys),

Pottinger Street (Boys),

Saiyingpun (Boys),

St. Stephen's Baxter Memorial (Girls),

Lyndhurst Terrace (Girls),..

100.00 100.00

100.00 100,00

...

No. 2 (Boys),

100.00 98.27

97.61

100.00 100.00 82.75 100.00 100.00 97.56 100.00 96.66 72.41

100.00 100.00

100.00 90.90

100.00 100.00

100.00 100.00

100.00 90.90

61.90

100.00

100.00 100.00

100.00 100.00 81.81

100.00

100.00 100.00

95.23 76.19 94.44

100.00

100.00 100.00

100.00 100.00

100.00 100.00

87.50 87,50

100.00

100.00 100.00

100.00 90.90 94.44 88.88 100.00 100.00

77.77

100.00

100.00 100.00

100.00 100.00

100.00 100.00

99

19

""

99

31

"

99

#

"?

19

19

"

"

"3

11

Yaumati (Girls),.

"

L.M.S., Square Street (Boys),

>

19

Wantsai Chapel (Boys),

"

19

Yaumati (Boys),

99

"

17

#?

**

II.

"

(Boys),

Hunghom (Boys).

Shektongtsui (Girls),

F.E.S., Bonham Road, Chinese Division (Girls),

High Street (Girls),

Queen's Road West (Girls),

Saiyingpun Praya, (Girls),....

Pottinger Street (Girls),

Stanley School (Girls),

Shaukiwan (Girls),

Tokwawan (Girls),

100.00 100.00

89.74

94.73

100.00 100.00 88.88

100.00 100.00 93.33

100.00

100.00| 100.00

100.00 87,50

100.00

100.00 100,00

82.35 52.96

66.66

100.00 100.00

100.00 100.00

88.88 56.00 77.77

100.00

100.00 90.00 100.00

100.00 100.00 74.74

100.00

100.00 100.00

Shektongtsui (Boys),

Saiyingpun, 1. Division (Boys),

100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 84.61 100.00 93.54 57.14 100.00 98.11 94.44 100.00 90.62 54.54 100.00 95.65 90.62 96.49 77.19 28.07 100.00 91.61 80.00

100.00 100.00

..

100.00 100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00 100.00

100.00 100.00 Failed

100.00

100.00 100.00 | 100.00

100.00

87.50

100.00

100.00

93.33 Failed

100.00 80.00

100.00

Hospital Chapel (Boys),

Saiyingpun, Second Street, I. Div. (Girls).....

Ui-hing Lane, "I. Division (Girls),

II.

Tanglungchau No. 1 (Boys),

95.65 93.47

100.00

100.00

...

100.00 90.00 66.66

100 00

100.00

100.00 88.37 51.51

100.00

100.00

77.77 | 100.00

11. (Boys)..

(Girls),

100.00 90.74 73.58

90.90

100.00

92.00

45.45

100.00 97.29 61.66

100.00

100.00 100.00

96.42 92.85 33.33

100.00

100.00 100.00

100.00 90.19 86.48

75.00

75.00

421

Class

of

Schools.

422

Name of Schools.

TABLE XII. PERCENTAGE of PASSES,- -Continued.

Reading.

100.00 96.55

Hunghom (Girls),

Sacred Heart School, Chinese Division (Girls),.

95.91 91.83

11

M

Wantsai School (Boys),

100.00 66.66

27

*

Graham Street (Girls),

>

#!

Kennedy Town (Boys),

I.

3:

L.M.S., Tanglungchau No. 2 (Boys),

11

##

"

"

19

"

11

19

"

"?

""

Square Street (Girls), Taikoktsui (Boys), Matauwai (Boys),.. Shaukiwan (Boys), Third Street (Boys),.

D'Aguilar Street (Girls),..

Kau-ü-fong (Girls),

Tanglungchau (Girls),... Aberdeen Street (Girls), Wantsai Chapel (Girls),

Staunton Street (Girls),..

R.C.M., Cathedral School, II. Division (Boys),.....

??

1:

13

"

#

**

"

""

*

:

13

"

རྒྱུ;;:;:;

Bridges Street, Chinese Division (Girls)....

St. Theresa School (Girls),.

Holy Infancy School (Mixed),.

Yaumati (Girls),

Shaukiwan (Girls),

Italian Convent, Chinese School (Girls),..

Wesleyan Mission, Spring Gardens (Boys),

*

*

Wellington Street (Boys). (Girls),

Lascar Row (Boys),

100 00 100.00 84.61 100.00 97.03 74.07 100.00 $0.00 $0.00 100.00 72.00 31.57

97.63 94.73 36.11

100.00 80.00 100.00 100.00 85.18 100.00 100.00 100.00

100.00

:

100.00 100,00

100.00 100.00

100.00 100.00

100.00 100.00

100.00 100.00

100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00

100.00 100.00 100,00

100.00 100.00

:::

100.00 100.00 100.00 85.55

100.00 100,00 95.45 100.00 97.43 92.59 100.00 100.00 | 100.00 100.00 71.42

100.00

100.00

100.00 100.00

10.000 83.33 93.33

100.00 80.00

100.00 100.00 96.29

100.00

100.00 100.00

100.00 92.15 93.93

100.00

100.00 94.44 100.00

100.00 94.44 93.33

100.00

100.00 100.00

100.00 91.66 100.00

100.00

100.00 83.33

100.00 92.68 300,00

100.00 100.00 100.00

100.00 $4.21 78.94

100.00

100.00 94.11 85.7k

100.00 100.00 100.00

100.00

100.00 100.00

98.07 94.23 21.27

100.00 88.23

96.29 74.07 67.85

66.66

98.14 100.00 100.00

97.14 91.42 81.61

100.00

97.05 94.11 37.98

100.00

100.00 100.00

100.00 90.90

100.00 100.00

100.00 100.00

II. Basel Mission, High Street (Girls),

Berlin Foundling House School (Girls).

100.00 98.88 97.14

100.00

100.00 100.00 100.00

100.00

89.47

94.73

III.

C.M.S., Victoria Home & Orphanage Chi. Div. (Girls),.! 100.00 93.75 93.75

St. Stephen's Anglo-Chinese (Boys),

97.77 98.51 Morrison English School (Boys),

100.00 160.00

"3

St. Paul's College School (Boys),

**

"

"

F.E.S., Ponham Road, English Division (Girls),. L.M.S., Taipingshan, English School (Boys),...

East Point

݂ܕ

(Boys),

Wesleyan Mission, Lyndhurst Terrace Eng. Sch. (Boys), 94.59 100.00, 72.97 100.00

Diocesan School (Boys),

96.33 99.08 98.16 100.00 99.01 82.35 88.23 91.33 98.30 83.05 77.96 71.42 98.55 97.10 91.30 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 82.35

88.23 $6.86 86.66

$2.08 79.77 87.96 60.00 77.77 71.02 88.00 91.39

91.66

Phys. Goo. 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 97.03 88.46 88.39 80.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00

100.00 100.00 100.00

92.77 | 100.00 100.00 78.26 | 100.00 75.00 100.00

100.00

R.C.M., Cathedral School, I. Division (Boys),

"

""

21

::

""

""

""

""

29

19

"

"

""

St. Joseph's College School (Boys),

Italian Convent, English Division (Girls),

Bridges Street, Portuguese Division (Girls),... 100.00

English Division (Girls), Portuguese Division (Girls),.

Nova Escola Portugueza (Girls),..

Sacred Heart School, English Division (Girls), St. Francis, Portuguese Division (Girls),

English Division (Girls),

100.00

82 08

100.00

84.11

96.29

92.59 87.50 100.00

100.00

73.33

100.00 90.90

100.00

86.66 69.69 100.00! 87.50 100.00 100.00 68.75 83.33 84.61 100.00 100.00 100.00

100.00

92.30 66.66 100.00 90.90

100.00 100.00 93.75 100.00 100.00 100.00 77.77 100.00 90.90 100.00 100.00 12.50 100.00 100.00 98.55 73.91 78.26 87.23 55.93 100.00 100.00 | 86.66 79.16 71.42 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00

??

""

"?

:>

Victoria Portuguese Sch., Port. Div. (Mixed),.

"

"

Eng. Div. (Mixed),.

"

Victoria English School (Boys),

>

"

(Girls),

#1

C.M.S., Victoria Home & Orphanage Eng. Div. (Girls),. 100.00

40.00 60.00 50.00 88.88

:

HONGKONG.

177

No. 99

9

HONGKONG.

EXTRACTS FROM

PAPERS RELATING TO THE EXTENSION OF THE COLONY OF HONGKONG.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of

His Excellency the Governor.

(Secretary of State to Governor.)

DOWNING STREET,

6th January, 1899.

Sir,

I am now in a position to communicate to you the views of Her Majesty's Government as to the future administration of the territory which, under the Con- vention between the United Kingdom and China of the 9th June last, has been added to the Colony of Hongkong, and to convey to you their instructions as to the steps to be taken for its formal occupation in the name of Her Majesty the QUEEN.

2. I have in the first place to enclose an Order of Her Majesty in Council dated the 20th October last and declaring the territories within the limits and for the term described in the above Convention to be part and parcel of the Colony of Hongkong. You will cause this Order in Council, which has not at present been made public, to be published in the Colony at as early a date as possible.

ques-

3. You have already become acquainted with the general aspects of the tions involved in the transfer of this territory, and it is unnecessary therefore that I should here dwell upon them at any length. There are three points which Her Majesty's Government have regarded as of special importance in the preliminary stages of the negotiations. They relate to Kowloon city, the northern boundary of the leased territory, and the collection of the Chinese duties on opium.

4. The questions of the civil administration of Kowloon city and of the extension of the northern frontier so as to include the town of Sham Chun will require no immediate action on your part pending negotiations with the Chinese Government, but--while such negotiations are pending-no time should be lost in giving attention to the third question, that of the prevention of sunggling into China and the collection of the Chinese Customs duties on opium. You will see that Her Majesty's Government have come to the conclusion, which-if I under- stand right-is your own conclusion also, that the only satisfactory solution of this question will be the establishment of some system whereby the Chinese customs duties on opium imported into China from Hongkong, including the newly added territory, shall be actually collected by the Government of Hongkong.

Governor,

Sir H. A. BLAKE, G.C.M.G.,

&C.,

&c.,

&c.

178

5. I should wish you to understand that in my opinion the new territory should from the outset be regarded as an integral part of the Colony of Hong- kong, and, as such, should be brought under the general administration of the Colony at as early a date as possible. It appears to me that future difficulties will be obviated by taking this course, and that it will be found to be at once more effective and more economical than treating the leased district as separate from the old Colony. It has, therefore, become necessary to consider whether and in what manner the existing laws of Hongkong may be adapted to the circum- stances of the new territory, and this question, as I need hardly observe, presents many features of great difficulty. On the principle that the new territory shall be taken to be and so far as possible be treated as an integral part of the Colony, it is desirable that as many of the existing laws of Hongkong as are applicable to its circumstances should be at once applied, the adininistration of the laws being carried out with tact, discretion, and sympathy with native custom and prejudice; but there are some laws which are inapplicable and they require some special notice.

6. I have taken advantage of the presence in this country of Mr. GOODMAN, Attorney General of Hongkong, and he has drawn up a memorandum on the subject together with a draft Ordinance, copies of which are enclosed. This memorandum has been of great use to me in considering the question, and the conclusions at which I have arrived as regards the various Ordinances therein referred to are as follows:

Ordinance 3 of 1844.-Land, etc. Registration of Deeds, etc., relating to real property.

7. I concur in Mr. GOODMAN's opinion that for the reasons given by him this Ordinance need not be excluded. The land question, however, is one which must be dealt with promptly, and one of the first steps to be taken must be the appointment of a Land Commissioner with a staff of native surveyors. To this subject I refer in a later paragraph of this despatch.

Ordinance 16 of 1896.—Registration of Births and Deaths.

8. I concur in Mr. GOODMAN's opinion that this Ordinance should for the present be excluded. Registration of births and deaths should, however, be carried out as soon as possible, and might be entrusted to the Village Councils and Elders, working under the supervision of an Assistant Registrar General or other European Officer.

Ordinance 14 of 1875.-Marriage Registrations.

9. I agree with Mr. GOODMAN that this Ordinance need not be excluded.

Ordinance 1 of 1887.—Post Office.

10. I agree with Mr. GOODMAN that this Ordinance need not be excluded. But it has been pointed out to me by Mr. LOCKHART that, owing to the known habits of the Chinese in the matter of correspondence, there may be considerable difficulties in carrying it into operation, and I should wish you to use considerable discretion in the matter. You may possibly find it desirable to come to some arrangement with the Chinese Sub-Post Offices such as is in force in the Straits Settlements, and in that case the Governor of that Colony would doubtless be able to give you every information.

Ordinance 21 of 1887.-Licensing Consolidation.

11. I concur in Mr. GOODMAN's opinion that it would be as well not to extend this Ordinance to the new territory for the present.

јЇ

179

Ordinance 24 of 1887.-Public Health and amending Ordinances.

12. I regard this as one of the most important and at the same time one of the most difficult questions to be considered in connexion with the new territory. I entirely agree with Mr. GOODMAN that the new district must not be left without any sanitary laws, but I consider that it would not be advisable to extend to it without any modification the sanitary laws of Hongkong. It has been represented 'to me by Mr. LOCKHART that they are too complicated and too advanced for the circumstances of the new territory; and that although the Sanitary Board may be the best machinery for dealing with the sanitary affairs of Hongkong which is in the main a city and a seaport it is not suited for the direction of sanitary matters in a territory extending over 376 square miles. Mr. LOCKHART is of opinion that the Village Councils and Elders should be held responsible for maintaining their villages in a sanitary condition, subject to the inspection and control of an officer of health and his staff, who should be held directly respon- sible to the Government. By this means the Village Councils and Elders will constitute the Sanitary Board in each village or group of villages, the influence of the leading men will be enlisted on the side of sanitation and matters will work more effectively and smoothly than they would under any other system. The expense, moreover, of applying the sanitary laws of Hongkong would, I am informed, probably be very great, whereas under the alternative system pro- posed it would be comparatively trifling.

13. I am of opinion, therefore, that these laws should be excluded, but you should lose no time in procuring the enactment of a simpler law on the lines above suggested, and here again you may possibly find it desirable to consult the Gov- ernor of the Straits Settlements as to the system under which Sanitary Boards are working in the Federated Malay States.

Ordinance 21 of 1886.-Spirit Licenses.

14. I concur in Mr. GOODMAN's opinion that this Ordinance should be exclud- ed for the present.

Ordinance 15 of 1889.--Building Ordinance and amending Ordinance.

15. I concur in Mr. GOODMAN's opinion that these Ordinances should be ex- cluded unless the Director of Public Works reports that they can be satisfactorily carried out in the new territory.

16. I agree

Ordinance 5 of 1890.--Vaccination.

that this Ordinance may properly be included.

Ordinance 26 of 1891.-Merchant Shipping.

17. As a new Merchant Shipping Consolidation Ordinance is about to be introduced it may be advisable to exclude the existing Ordinance from the new territory.

18. There is no question as to the "waters of the Colony," the limits being clearly marked in the map attached to the Convention, a copy of which is annexed,* and which should be closely followed in any definition in the proposed new Ordi-

nance.

Ordinance 17 of 1887.—Cattle Disease and amending Ordinances.

19. Before deciding whether this Ordinance should be extended to the new territory the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon might with advantage be called upon for a report of any recommendations he may be able to make after a full and careful consideration of all the circumstances of the case. But I agree with Mr. GOODMAN that sections 4 and 5 of Ordinance 23 of 1890 dealing with the sale and importa- tion of unwholesome food should be extended at once.

* Not printed.

A

180

20. As all Ordinances not specified in the schedule attached to. Mr. GOODMAN'S draft Ordinance will apply to the new territory, you should carefully consider whether there are any others not alluded to in his memorandum, which it might be also desirable to exclude.

21. There are various other questions to be considered in connexion with the new territory which will require your careful consideration, and some of which have doubtless already received your attention. I do not propose, however, to do more than refer to them generally at the present moment, as their ultimate decision must depend in a great measure on the course of events.

22. You will have gathered from my previous remarks that I am in favour of utilizing the existing machinery of Government in Hongkong as far as local circumstances will allow. This principle should, therefore, be borne in mind in considering all questions connected with expenditure and taxation. Whatever expenditure is incurred should appear on the Hongkong Estimates, and whatever revenue is collected should go into the Hongkong Exchequer.

23. It will be seen from p. 13 of Mr. LOCKHART's report that the total revenue from taxation of the new territory is estimated at about £16,000, and this may be regarded as the income which you will have at your disposal for the first year or two at any rate. It should amply suffice to defray the initial cost of a simple ad- ministration which at first will amount to little more than supervising local bodies and protecting life and property, unless there is a large outlay on public works, Some expenditure on public works will no doubt be necessary from the very first. and as the territory progresses this expenditure may naturally be expected to increase. To meet it Mr. LOCKHART has recommended that recourse should be had to a loan; but, while I am in principle not averse to borrowing for the pur- pose of developing a district, a province, or a colony which promises to be remunerative, I must keep in view the present state of the finances of Hongkong, and if the new territory can be developed without having recourse to a loan it will no doubt be preferable. I shall expect to receive your recommendations on this point after you have considered it in all its bearings. It would, however, I think under any circumstances be desirable that the Director of Public Works, possibly with other expert assistance, should consider and make suggestions as to what public works, in the nature of roads, bridges, police stations, etc. should be undertaken at once, and also to advise as to future undertakings. Whenever money is available for the purpose it will be desirable to secure the services of a nining expert to make a detailed geological report, and I shall be glad if you will bear this latter point especially in mind.

24. The question of titles to land should be settled as early as possible; and in order to expedite the work of registration, holders of land should be allowed to register their titles at an office in the new territory instead of having to waste time by coming to an office in Victoria. The officer, moreover, who is entrusted with the duty of settling the land titles should, within reason, be given for the time being full powers to deal with all questions of the kind that may come before him. When all the land titles have been settled and proper surveys made the principal land office will be in Hongkong itself. The examination into titles should not be of too technical a nature, and where lengthened occupation or improve- ments can be shown, with no adverse claims from private individuals, a Govern- ment title should be granted, even if no other is forthcoming. Security for all reasonable rights in regard to land will be a great inducement to content and loyalty and to the popularizing of British rule.

25. The land question, however, by no means ends here and there will be much left to consider after the preliminary survey is completed. The land tax will no doubt be at first the principal source of revenue, and it should be distinctly understood from the first that, as the land becomes more valuable, the tax will be subject to revision at intervals of years. It will also be necessary to consider what shall be the tenure of Crown land. Seeing that the territory is held under lease for ninety-nine years the question of freehold grants does not arise, and the land should be leased for stated periods, not exceeding the term which I have laid down in the case of the present Colony with powers of resumption on fair terms if the public service requires it.

26. In dealing with the question of what laws of Hongkong should be extended to the new territory I have not made any reference to the administration of the criminal law. In this matter I should wish you to be guided generally by the

181

recommendations made by Mr. LOCKHART. I agree with Mr. LOCKHART that the existing village organizations should be maintained and utilised, and I approve of the immediate appointment of an itinerant Magistrate as suggested. I shall be glad if you will at once select an officer for provisional appointment in this capacity. An appeal should lie to the itinerant Magistrate from the village tribunals, and from him to the Governor, this latter course being preferable in my opinion to an appeal to the Supreme Court. An Ordinance will be necessary, framed on the lines of the Ceylon Ordinance No. 24 of 1889 to legalise and define the powers of the village and district Councils or tribunals.

27. I have now touched upon what appears to me to be the most important questions for your immediate consideration. You will gather from what I have said that while I differ from some of the conclusions at which Mr. LOCKHART has arrived, I nevertheless concur generally in the recommendations which he has made in his report. Although I am unable to entertain the idea of a separate administration of the new territory under a resident Commissioner, I consider it highly desirable that Mr. LOCKHART should be generally associated with its administration; and with this object in view, he should for the next six months, at any rate, be relieved as far as possible from the ordinary duties of Colonial Secretary and Registrar General. It will probably be desirable that he should be permanently relieved of the duties of the latter office, but on this subject I will address you later.

28. Whatever other provisional appointments may be rendered necessary by these arrangements, I must leave for the present in your hands.

29. I hope that in the foregoing observations I have succeeded in conveying to you a general expression of my views on this important and interesting subject. But there is much that must necessarily be left to yourself; and I feel that I have been unable to do more than give you an outline of the policy which it is desirable that

you should

pursue. I have, however, every confidence in your ability to carry the undertaking to a successful issue; and I will conclude with an expression of my congratulations to you on finding yourself in the position of the representative of Her Majesty the QUEEN on the occasion of the assumption of jurisdiction over this most important addition to Her Majesty's dominions.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient,

humble servant,

J. CHAMBERLAIN.

EXTRACTS FROM A

REPORT BY MR. STEWART LOCKHART ON THE EXTENSION

OF THE COLONY OF HONGKONG.

Mr. Stewart Lockhart to Colonial Office.

SIR,

October 8, 1898.

I have the honour to state that, in accordance with the instructions received from the Secretary of State, I have visited the mainland and islands adjacent to Hongkong which China has agreed to lease to Great Britain.

2. The naval authorities kindly placed at my disposal H.M.S. Plorer, under the command of Commander DE HORSEY, the officers and crew of which rendered great assistance to the Commission in its work of inspection.

3. The Members of the Commission who accompanied me were Mr. ORMSBY, Director of Public Works; Lieutenant RUNDALL, R.E., and Corporal WHITEWOOD, R.E., whose services were kindly lent by the Military Authorities; Mr. XAVIER, of the Public Works Department; and Mr. Ts'or and Mr. Au, of the Registrar General's Office.

182

4. In submitting herewith my report on the new territory, I desire to place on record my appreciation of the manner in which the Members of the Commission co-operated with me, and of the great help I received from them all, especially from Mr. ORMSBY and Mr. Ts'ol.

I have, &c.,

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Special Commissioner.

CONTENTS.

Page.

Page.

List of Maps,

Villages,

6

List of Photographs,

Inhabitants,

Area,

Industries,

Harbours,

Present Roads and Bridges,..

Mountain System,

Proposed New Roads,

66-9

7

8

Watersheds,

2

Telegraph Line,

9

River System,

2

Railway,

9

Water Supply,

2

Present Government,

9

Irrigation,

3

Proposed Future Government,

11

Geology,

3

Revenue,

13

Soil,

3

Expenditure,

13

Products,

3

Proposed Loan,..

13

Fruits,

3

Boundary Line,....

13

Vegetation,

3

Prevention of Smuggling,

14

Cultivated Land,

4

Kowloon City,

15

Islands,

4

Conclusion,

16

Population,

5

I.

II.

INDEX TO MAPS ATTACHED TO REPORT.

Convention Map,

Map prepared by Mr. ORMSBY,

III. Bishop VOLONTIERI'S Map,

IV. Lieutenant YOUNG'S Map,

V. Admiralty Chart, No. 1180,..

VI. Map showing the Divisions and Population of the Territory,

VII. Map showing where the Officials of the San On District reside,

VIII.

IX. Sketch Plans of Kowloon City,

X. Map prepared by Lieutenant RUNDALL, R.E., showing proposed Boundary Line,...... XI. Map showing the Stations of the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs near Hong-

kong.

* Not printed.

INDEX TO APPENDICES.

1. Convention for the Extension of Hongkong,

1a. Report on Harbours in Mirs Bay, by Commander DE HORSEY, R.N.,

2. Report on Geology, by Hou. R. D. ORMSBY, Director of Public Works,.

16

17

18

3. Table showing the Distribution of the Races Inhabiting the Territory,

19

4. Memorandum on Roads, by Hon. R. D. ORMSBY, Director of Public Works,.

20

6.

7. Population of Kowloon City,

5. List containing the Name and Population of each Village in the New Territory,

Statement of Annual Revenue of the San On District, drawn up by the Magistrate of

that District,

21

26

27

183

REPORT.

The territory, including the islands, which China has agreed to lease to Great Britain under the Convention signed at Peking on the 9th June last (Appen- dix 1.), appertains to the district of San On in the province of Kwong-tung, and is indicated generally on Map I.,* which is a copy of the map attached to the Con-

vention.

MAPS AND PHOTOGRAPHS.

In order to facilitate consideration of this territory, a map of it has been spe- cially prepared by Mr. ORMSBY, Director of Public Works, Hongkong (Map II.),* based on the excellent map made by Bishop VOLONTIERI in 1866, when a Mission- ary of the Propaganda in Sun On (Map III.),* and a series of photographic views has been taken, unfortunately in weather not always favourable for the photographer, by Corporal WHITEWOOD, R.E., under the superintendence of Lieut. RUNDALL, R.E., and by Mr. XAVIER, Surveyor in the Public Works Department, Hongkong. These maps and photographs, to the latter of which have been added a few taken by AFONG and MEE CHEUNG, photographers, Hongkong, are attached.*

AREA.

The area of the territory as shown on Map I.* is as follows:-

Mainland, Islands,

286 ---

90

Sq. Miles. Acres.

183,040

57,600

376

240,640

PHYSICAL FEATURES.

Coast.

Harbour.

Mountain system.

The new territory is mountainous, with rich, extensive, cultivated valleys, and possesses a coast line deeply indented by bays.

The coast to the south and east is bold and rugged, with deep water close up to the cliffs, and numerous land-locked bays, affording good anchorages, which render them safe in all kinds of weather. The heads of the inlets of Mirs Bay, such as Starling Inlet, Taipó Hü Bay, and Tide Cove, or Sha Tin Inlet, are shal- low, the tide at low water leaving a mile or more of sand or mud exposed. Deep Bay in the west is extremely shallow, and at low tide miles of mud can be seen. This bay has, however, a deep channel, which is well known to native boatmen. No proper survey of the bay has ever been made. This should be taken in hand as soon as possible; and in the meantime the deep channel should be properly marked, in order to facilitate the navigation of these waters.

A report on the Harbours in Mirs Bay, with which Commander DE HORSEY, of H.M.S. Plover, kindly furnished me, will be found in Appendix No. 1a.

The general trend of the mountain system is north-east and south-west. There are two main ranges-the southern range and the northern range. The southern range extends from Sharp Peak, which forms the south point of Mirs Bay, to the peaks opposite Stonecutters Island, and may be regarded as ending in the mountains of the island of Lantao. The most noticeable peaks in this range are Sharp Peak, 1,540 feet high, with one spur to the north, 1,630 feet high, and another spur running into Tolo Harbour, ending in the magnificent twin peaks named on English Maps the Hunchback Hills, and called by the Chinese "Saddle Mountain," with a height of 2,305 feet; peaks 1,895, 1,440, and 1,240 feet high immediately to the North of Kowloon City, ending in a peak 1,600 feet high to the north of Taikok tsui. The southern range here drops rapidly into Hongkong Harbour, opposite Stonecutters Island, but re-appears in the Island of Lantao, where it reaches an elevation of 3,050 feet near the west end of the island.

The northern range extends from Crooked Harbour in the north of Mirs Bay to Castle Peak Bay and the southern point of Deep Bay. It commences with elevations of 1,655 feet, 1,500 feet, and 1,200 feet, and in the Pat Sin Ling, or Eight Peak Mountain, north of Tolo Harbour, attains to a height of 1,857 feet. From Tolo Harbour it trends south-west, with elevations varying from 1,300 to 1,500 feet, until it reaches its highest point in the splendid rauge of Taimò Shán, which rises to a height of 3,000 feet. It then decreases in elevation in the direc- tion of Castle Peak, which is 1,806 feet high, but has a lower spur to the north, forming the southern arm of Deep Bay, in which there are two peaks rising to an elevation of 1,200 feet.

* Not printed.

-1-

184

Besides these two main ranges, there are cross ranges of lesser altitude, which divide the watershed between Mirs Bay and Deep Bay with low hills in some of the valleys.

The heights of the mountains are taken from the map sketched by Lieutenant E. G. YOUNG, R.E., which gives a clear idea of the mountain system of the new territory. (Map IV.)*

WATERSHEDS.

The watersheds of the territory being as a rule close to the east and south coasts, the more extensive valleys and plains lie to the west and north, and drain into Deep Bay. Such are the valleys of which the town of Sham Chun is the centre, and the valleys and plains of Pat Heung and Shap Pat Heung, lying to the north-west of the range of Taimò Shán. A remarkable feature in the Shap Pat Heung plains is the abrupt and clearly-defined line between hill and plain. The plain extends from the shores of Deep Bay for some miles into the interior, never reaching an elevation of more than 10 or 15 feet above high water mark, but from this point the hills rise abruptly at an angle of 15 to 20 degrees.

RIVER SYSTEM.

The river system, like the mountain system, is divided into two sections-a northern and a southern. The chief river of the northern section and the largest in the territory is the Sham Chun river, which has three branches or tributaries, a northern, an eastern and a southern. The northern branch rises in the mountains on the borders of the Tung Kun and San On districts, and, flowing in a south- westerly direction, joins the main river to the west of Sham Chun; the eastern branch rises in the low hills west of Starling Inlet, and flows in a westerly direc- tion, joining the main river to the east of Sham Chun; the southern branch has its source in Kau Lung Hang, to the north of Taipó Hü, and flows in a north-westerly direction, falling into the main river a mile below Sham Chun. All these branches are good-sized mountain streams, and most valuable as irriga- tors of the cultivated land through which they flow. They are, however, of no value as highways of trade, as they are too shallow to be navigated by even small craft. The Sham Chun river, from the town of Sham Chun to its mouth, is at high tide from 60 to 80 feet wide, has a depth of 7 to 12 feet, and is navigable for junks and launches. The bar at its mouth is about 6 or 7 feet in depth, and is reported at low tide to be only 3 feet in depth.

The Sham Chun river system is separated from the Un-Long and Kam T'in, or southern river system, by the Kai Kung T'au range of mountains. The Un- Long river rises in the northern slope of the Taimò Shán range, and, flowing in a northerly direction, empties itself into Deep Bay. The Kam T'in river, which has its source at the foot of Taimò Shán, flows in a north-westerly direction, joining the Un-Long river at the village of Kam Tin. The Un-Long river is navigable by small junks as far as Ün-Long, a market town three miles distant from Deep Bay to the north.

The Kam T'in river has a depth of from three to six feet at high tide all the way from its mouth in Deep Bay to the town of Kam T'in, a distance of about six miles.

The first steamer that ever went up this river was the pinnace of H.M.S. Plover, which had no difficulty in conveying the members of the Commission as far as the market town of Kam T'in, with a cutter in tow.

Within the basins of these two river systems are found the most fertile soil and the most populous villages in the area about to be leased.

WATER SUPPLY.

The water supply appears to be excellent everywhere. During the month of August, when the inspection of the territory was made, there were streams of water pouring down the hill sides in every direction, and the village wells contained ample water, as a rule within six or eight feet of the surface. Sufficient water to raise two crops of rice a year seems always to be available throughout the district.

$

i

* Not printed.

2

185

It is probable that the high mountain ranges attract more rain clouds from the China Sea during the south-west monsoon than is the case at Hongkong, where the average rainfall is 90 inches. Mr. ORMSBY is of opinion that in many places the construction of storage reservoirs, if required, will be a simple matter. He considers that the construction of such a reservoir on the southern or eastern slope of Taimò Shán for the supply of Kowloon is very desirable, in order to meet the wants of the rapidly increasing towns on that peninsula, by gravitation, and thus set free the large acreage now reserved as a catchment area, and render it possible to dispense with the present expensive pumping establishment.

IRRIGATION.

Irrigation of the paddy fields is effected simply by leading the water along the sides of the hills by means of channels, from which the water is allowed to run on to the terraced fields as required. In addition to the ordinary paddy fields in the valleys, works of reclamation have been carried out, by which a large quantity of land has been reclaimed from the sea. Walls of rough rubble, backed by earth, have been constructed to keep out the water. Along the top of these embankments there is a foot path, and sluices made of timber planking sliding in grooves cut into the stone side walls enable the villagers to keep out the sea and get rid of their surplus fresh water at low tide. By the improvement and extension of such works of reclamation, many large areas could be brought under cultivation.

GEOLOGY.

An interesting report by Mr. ORMSBY on the geology of the district will be found in Appendix II.

I agree with him that a mining expert should be deputed to examine and report on the minerals in the territory. There is no such expert at present resident in Hongkong, so it will be necessary to secure the services of a suitable person at home.

SOIL.

Ĉ

The soil is formed from the decomposition of volcanic trap rock in the north- east and east, and is alluvial in the broad valleys drained by the Sham Chun and Un-Long rivers. It is generally fertile, and yields annually two crops of rice. Even the hillsides are in many places brought under cultivation, and rice was found growing at a height of over 1,200 feet.

By the Chinese the soil is divided into three classes, and is taxed according to its quality. The first class is supposed to pay about 36 cents per acre; the second class about 24 cents, and the third class about 15 cents per acre. reality, much more than these amounts is levied, though not officially accounted

for.

In

Payment in kind is also made, but this payment is commuted for a money payment at the rate of 4.8 taels, or $6.67 per picul of rice (a picul is equal to Ĭ bushel 2 pecks 2 quarts).

PRODUCTS.

Rice is the principal article of cultivation and the quality of this product is so highly esteemed that a quantity of it is exported to San Francisco for the use of the Chinese resident there. There is also a large area of land devoted to the growing of sugar cane, indigo, hemp, peanuts, potatoes of different varieties, yam, taro, beans, sesamum, pumpkins, and vegetables of all kinds.

Experiments are now being made to ascertain whether the cotton plant will flourish in the newly-leased area, and there seems to be no reason, as far as soil and climate are concerned, why these experiments should not succeed. If they are successful, the cotton mill which is now being erected in Hongkong would find this a convenient source of supply for at any rate a portion of its raw material.

FRUITS.

The fruits are pumeloes, pineapples, oranges, lungngans, pears, lichis, persim- mons, pomegranates, wongp'is, and mangoes.

VEGETATION.

The mountain ranges and lower hills are covered with vegetation, and culti- vation is found high up on the hill sides. In some places a crop of rice was growing at an elevation of 1,300 feet, and on the northern slope of the Taimò

--3----

186

Shán range tea and pineapple were observed growing at an elevation of 1,500 feet. The range of Taimò Shán, stretching to the west towards Castle Peak Bay, is covered with good grass, which appeared to be such as would suit cattle, horses, and sheep, many thousands of which could find pasturage on the slopes of these hills. At present cattle are used entirely for agricultural purposes. The animals seen were small and well shaped, and generally black or red in colour. Their good condition showed the excellence of the pasturage. In the poorer and rocky soil the hills are covered with bracken and ferns, and in the sheltered ravines with brushwood and scrub jungle. There are no extensive forests, but some of the lower hills are clothed with pine trees, and round many of the villages are found thick clumps of well-grown trees and groves of bamboo.

CULTIVATED LAND.

The valleys between the hills and the land between the bases of the hills and the sea are all under cultivation. It is impossible in the absence of any reliable. statistics to form an accurate estimate of the extent of land under cultivation. The land registers of the district, which ought to be a reliable guide, are worse than useless, as they contain not more than half the land under cultivation. From in- formation received from a reliable source it appears that the land under cultivation is about double the amount shown in the registers. These give the land under cultivation in the San On District, on which taxes are paid, in round figures, as 420,000 mau,* or, say, 60,000 acres, the double of which would make 840,000 mau, or 120,000 acres. Taking the area to be leased as three-fifths of the whole of the district of San On, the total extent of land under cultivation in that area would amount to 504,000 mau, or 72,000 acres. The total area of the new territory is 376 square miles, or 240,640 acres. Deducting the land under cultivation, viz., 72,000 acres, from the total area, 240,640 acres, leaves a balance of 168,640 acres avail- able as Crown land.

This calculation presumes that all the land under cultivation is owned by private individuals, but from inquiries made, there is reason to believe that a con siderable portion of cultivated laud is held without any proper title, and that most of, if not all, the land reclaimed from the sea has never been officially reported to the Government. Both classes of land, though fairly large in extent, have hither- to, it is understood, evaded the payment of taxes.

The land question will be a difficult one to deal with, and as it will affect practically the entire population, the members of which are particularly sensitive on the subject of their holdings, it should be taken in hand at once, and settled as. quickly as possible.

To do this effectively, and in a manner that will be satisfactory to both the Government and the owners of property, it will be necessary to hold an inquiry into each title. Such inquiry will involve an accurate survey of each holding, and, as the quantity of land held by individuals is, as a rule, very small, it will require much time and labour to complete the necessary surveys.

I recommend that, as soon as the territory has been taken over, a notice be issued informing the inhabitants that all claims to land must be filed in the Land Office within a period of six months, and that all lands not claimed within that period will revert to Government.

Wherever a claim is lodged, an inquiry into the title of the claimant should be held, and, if that is satisfactory, a survey of the land in question should be made.

To facilitate a speedy settlement of the land question, a large staff of surveyors should be engaged for the first year or two.

ISLANDS.

There are thirty-three islands within the leased territory. Some of these are uninhabited, and most of them are very small and of little or no importance.

The total area of the islands is 90 square miles, and the estimated population 13,720.

acrc.

* 6.61 mau — 1 English acre. For convenience of calculation, 7 mau have been taken as the equivalent of 1

187

The small islands, if inhabited, contain a few fishermen only, and are not cul-

tivated.

The six chief islands are :--

Ts'ing I

Ma Wan

Lantao

P'ing Chau

Ch'eung Chau Lamma

...

...

Population.

400

400 6,860

...

...

...

...

...

...

600 5,000* 460

The island of Lantao is about 15 miles long and 51⁄2 miles wide, being consi- derably larger than the island of Hongkong, which is 11 miles long and from 2 to 5 miles broad. Along the west coast are several towns and some cultivated land up to the base of the hills. These hills, which are really a continuation of the southern range of the mountain system of the San On district, present a most imposing appearance, and contain lofty peaks, the highest of which rises to an elevation of 3,050 feet. The two most flourishing towns in Lantao are Tung Chung, containing nine villages, the inhabitants of which are engaged in agricul- ture and fishing; and Tai O, the busiest town on the island, with a population of 3,000. The latter is a great fishing centre, and owing to the large number of fishing junks and other vessels that visit it, the shopkeepers seem to do a flourish- ing business. The only representatives of the Chinese Government on the island are two military officers, one, a captain, stationed at Tung Chung, the other, a lieutenant, stationed at Tai O, subject to the colonel commanding stationed at Taipang on the mainland. The island of Lantao contains magnificent building sites, and, as it is only five miles from Hongkong, and open to the south-west monsoon during the hot months, it is not unlikely that the residents of Hongkong may during the summer make use of this island, the fine white sandy beaches of which afford excellent sea-bathing.

:

The island of Ch'eung Chau is a busy place, at which many of the steamers, launches, and junks plying between Hongkong and Macao call. There is a station of the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs on this island, as there is also on the island of Ma Wan, commonly known as the Kap Shui Mun Station (see Map XI.)† The deep anchorage at Ch'eung Chau affords good shelter, especially during an easterly gale.

The island of Lamma, called by the Chinese Pok Liu, is four miles long and two miles wide. Near its centre it is so narrow that it is only a quarter of a mile across. The chief bay is Picnic Bay, on the east side, which affords secure anchor- age for a vessel in about 6 fathoms of water. This island has four villages, the largest of which has a population of about 250.

The island of Waglan, situated to the south-east of Hongkong, has a lighthouse on it, which is at present under the control of the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs, and which will, I presume, in future be placed under the Harbour Master of Hongkong.

Admiralty Chart No. 1180 (Map V.)* gives clearly the size and position of all the islands within the new extension..

POPULATION.

There are no reliable statistics possessed by the Chinese Government of the present population of the San On District. No census appears to have been taken for many years. It has, therefore, been necessary to base an estimate of the popu- lation on inquiries made from the inhabitants of the villages and on personal in- spection of the villages themselves. With these as guides it is estimated that the population of the new territory, including the Sham Chun and Shat'au Kok divi- sions, and allowing 5,000 for that portion of the Shat'au division, which will most probably be included in the new area, amounts in round figures to one hundred thousand (100,000).

Map VI., giving the population and divisions of the area to be leased, shows, how this population is spread over the mainland and islands.

This estimate was obtained from the officer of the Chinese Customs stationed at Ch'cung Chau. †. Not printed.

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The population is contained in six main divisions, inhabiting 423 villages. These villages vary in population from 10 to 5,000 persons.

The eastern portion of the district, being more mountainous and less fertile, is not so thickly populated as the western portion. The Un Long Tung, or the division including the fertile valleys and plains of Pat Heung and Shap Pat Heung, is the most populous, its population, amounting to 23.020, being distributed among 59 villages. The Sheung U Tung or western division, though much larger in area than the Un Long division, contains a population of only 20,870, distributed among no fewer than 182 villages.

The total area of the territory to be leased being 376 square miles, the popu- lation is about 266 persons to the square mile. Though by no means at present thickly populated, it is anticipated that when the new territory comes under British occupation its population will rapidly increase.

VILLAGES.

The total number of villages amounts to 423. The houses in these villages are, as a rule, well and solidly built. The foundations and lower courses of their walls are, in many cases, of granite masonry, the upper courses being made of blue or sun-dried bricks. The door posts and lintels are of dressed granite slabs with tiled roofs on rafters made of China fir. The floors are generally concreted, and frequently paved with red brick or with granite. Well built and handsomely decorated temples exist in all the important villages, and in many places large and éxpensively constructed buildings, in which the ancestral tablets are kept, were

seen.

As usual in China the streets are narrow and paved with large slabs of stone. Such drainage as exists is on the surface, underground drains never being used in Chinese villages.

There are several walled villages in the territory, which are invariably inhabited by the members of one clan only. They are rectangular or square in shape, and are enclosed within brick walls about 16 feet in height, flanked by square towers, and surrounded by a moat some 40 feet in width. They have one entrance, protected with iron gates. Within the walls, houses of the usual type are found, built with great regularity. There is one main street from either side of which small lanes branch off in parallel rows. The object of these villages being walled is to afford the inhabitants greater security in case of attack, and to place them in a stronger position of defence in the event of clan feuds, which were formerly very common, and are still not infrequent. In one of the villages visited was found a temple specially dedicated to the memory of those members of the clan who had fallen in the fights against a neighbouring village. The feud between these two villages, the inhabit- ants of which are descended from a common ancestor and possess the same surname, extended over many years, during which great numbers were killed. Peace has now been restored, and we had the pleasure of being entertained at the same table by the heads of the two villages which were so long at enmity with each other.

Those who are able to express an opinion on the subject state that the villages in the territory compare favourably with those of Southern India and Ceylon.

Appendix 5 contains a list of the name and population of each village in the area to be leased.

INHABITANTS.

The inhabitants are composed of three races of Chinese: the Puntis, the Hak- kas, and the Tankas.

The Puntis, or Cantonese, as they are termed by Europeans, belong to the race which is supposed to have come from the provinces bordering on the south of the Yangtsz river. The term Punti means "Natives of the soil"; but the exist- ence of aborigines in many parts of the Kwong-tung province shows that the Puntis were not the aboriginal inhabitants.

It is not improbable that they commenced to find their way to the south of China during the early periods of Chinese history. At any rate they were firmly established in the south during the time of the Southern Sung Dynasty, which reigned from A.D. 1127 to A.D. 1278. Most of the Punti inhabitants easily trace their descent from ancestors who were settled in the San On district in that period.

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189

The Puntis speak the dialect commonly known as Cantonese. Their population amounts to 64,140, and is contained in 161 villages. They chiefly inhabit the valleys, especially those drained by the Sham Chun and Un Long rivers. Their main pursuit is that of agriculture; but they are also excellent traders, and full of that enterprise for which as a race the Cantonese are so justly famous.

The Hakkas, or "Strangers," as the term signifies, are supposed to be des- cended from the Mongols, and to have reached the southern provinces of China when the Mongol Dynasty was overthrown, about the middle of the 14th century. They are regarded by the Puntis as aliens, and speak a dialect quite distinct from Cantonese. The villages occupied by the Hakkas are 255 in number, containing a population of 36,070. As a rule their villages are inhabited solely by members of their own race, just as the Punti villages are inhabited only by Cantonese, though there are a few villages in which both races are represented. The Hakkas are a hardy and frugal race, and are generally found in the hill districts, their chief pur- suits being agriculture and quarrying.

The Tankas, or boat people, form the floating population, of which it has not been possible to obtain even an estimate, except in the case of the islands, where they have been included in the general population. They form a class by them- selves and are looked down upon by the land population. They inhabit the creeks, harbours, waterways, and the islands, and make excellent sailors, being very clever in the handling of junks and smaller craft. They are also largely engaged in fishing.

Appendix 3 shows how the various races are distributed throughout the area. Taken as a whole the inhabitants may be regarded as an industrious, frugal, and well-behaved people. During the inspection of the territory they gave us an excellent reception except in two instances, one of which was so marked that it was necessary to bring the conduct of the villagers concerned to the notice of the Viceroy of the two Kwong Provinces, who will, it is hoped, deal with the matter in a proper manner. There are, of course, bad characters and rowdies to be found among the population, and one or two villages have earned an unenviable notoriety for lawlessness, but there ought to be no difficulty in bringing such characters and places under proper control, and putting an end to the present state of affairs.

The inhabitants, though by no means wealthy, seem to be, as a rule, comfort- ably well off, and able to earn an honest livelihood without difficulty. Few signs of anything approaching destitution were seen, and only a few beggars were met. From information -received it appears that there are only 1,600 beggars through- out the whole of the San On district, the majority of whom are said to be outside the new territory.

INDUSTRIES.

The population is chiefly occupied in the cultivation of the soil with the various crops produced. But in addition to agricultural pursuits there are large fisheries, in which many persons are engaged, in the bays surrounding the territory on the east, south, and west, fishing being carried on chiefly by means of stake- nets. The fish are sorted, salted, and sun-dried, and exported to various markets. The trade in salt fish is one of the most important, and employs a large number of persons.

Pearl fisheries exist in Tolo harbour, where pearls of value are said to be sometimes found.

In addition to salt-water fish the rearing of fresh-water fish in ponds for the Hongkong market and elsewhere occupies the attention of the villagers of the Un Long division.

The cultivation of oysters is also carried on to a large extent, especially in Deep Bay.

Lime burning is an important industry, coral and oyster-shells being burnt in the place of lime-stone. The largest lime-burning works seen were near Castle Peak Bay, where coal obtained from Hongkong was being used as fuel. Lime was also being burnt at Taipò Hü, Shat'au Kok, Sha Tin, Ts'ün Wán, Ping Shán, and other places visited. It is understood that a great deal of the lime used in Hongkong is imported from the San On district.

190

The manufacture of bricks and the quarrying of stones enable the inhabitants to obtain building material at a cheap rate.

Salt is manufactured in several places. Salt pans were seen at Shat'au Kok and Castle Peak Bay.

The indigo grown in the district is used for dyeing cloth, both men and women being engaged in the work of dyeing.

Boatbuilding is carried on. A boatbuilding shed was seen on the shores of Mirs Bay.

A large establishment exists near Ts'ün Wán for the manufacture of joss- powder, out of which joss-sticks, used in the worship of idols, are made. The powder is made from fragrant wood, which is pounded into dust by means of water-wheels, six of which were seen at work.

Although there is a large force of water throughout the territory available for water-power, this is the only instance in which we saw water utilised for manu- facturing purposes.

Ropes and nets are manufactured out of the hemp which was observed growing in various places.

One village we visited was engaged entirely in the manufacture of pottery, the clay for which is found in the mountain immediately above the village. The villagers are said to have learned the art of manufacturing pottery from an Italian missionary who formerly resided amongst them.

In almost every village is carried on the rearing of pigs, large numbers of which are exported annually.

Pine trees are grown, and cut down for firewood, which is an important article of export.

Poultry breeding and fruit growing for the Hongkong market form lucrative occupations for many villages.

With the introduction of capital, which is sure to follow when the territory comes under British oceupation, and with that feeling of greater security which just government is bound to inspire, the present industries will be greatly deve- loped, and new industries will be created.

PRESENT ROADS AND BRIDGES.

ROADS.

There are no roads in the ordinary acceptation of that term in the territory. Communication between the villages and market towns is effected by means of footpaths, which are about five feet wide, paved with slabs of granite. Through the land under cultivation the paths are merely the ridges between adjacent fields. The paths across the hill ranges have been traced with care, and at fairly easy gradients. At all crossings stones are erected informing travellers which road to follow to reach such centres as Sham Chun, Un Long, and Kowloon. On Map II.* the routes traversed by the Commission are shown, as well as some other paths;" the general direction of which has been ascertained.

BRIDGES.

Crossings over all the small streams are effected by means of huge blocks of stone. The wider streams are crossed by bridges. The largest bridge we saw is near Taipò Hü. It is well constructed of some 10 or 12 spans, 15 feet in width. The piers are of good masonry in mortar; the platform is constructed of granite slabs, laid side by side, 18 to 20 feet in length, and there is a handrail of iron bars. In the same locality there is another bridge, of similar construction, consisting of three spans of 15 feet each.

Not printed.

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PROPOSED NEW ROADS.

In order to facilitate the development of the country, and to render its admi- nistration easier, it is most important that proper roads should be constructed. On this point I have consulted Mr. ORMSBY, whose recommendations, in which I concur are embodied in a memorandum (see Appendix 4), with which he kindly furnished me. The roads recommended by Mr. ORMSBY are marked on Map II*.

TELEGRAPHS.

There is a telegraph line, marked on Map II*, which runs from Hongkong through the newly-leased territory to Canton. The line itself, posts, and wires, up to the present boundary between Chinese and British Kowloon, are owned and maintained by the Eastern Extension Telegraph Company. Beyond the British boundary the line is the property of the Chinese Imperial Government, which has a telegraph office in Hongkong. It would, I presume, be possible, to make arrange- ments for using the existing line; but on many grounds it appears to be preferable to construct a separate and independent line. If it be ultimately decided to establish the headquarters of the Governinent at Taipò Hü, which seems to be the most central position, it will be sufficient, at any rate to begin with, to construct a line from Hongkong viâ Kowloon, and over the pass in the hills behind the latter place, directly to Taipò Hü-a distance of say 10 or 12 miles.

It is estimated that the cost of such a line would amount to $5,000 or $6,000.

RAILWAY.

The construction of a railway between Canton and Kowloon has been mooted for a long time, and some years ago a survey of the country, through which a line might pass, was made on behalf of a syndicate of Chinese. But the scheme appears to have been abandoned, and nothing more was heard of it until quite recently, when it again came under consideration, and is, I understand, at present being discussed.

If a railway be constructed between Canton and Kowloon, there can be no doubt that such a line would greatly aid the development of the new territory, through a portion of which it would pass, and would be of great commercial and political importance, as it would unite more closely with Hongkong the great com- mercial city of Southern China and the many towns lying between the city of Canton and that colony.

In the event of a main line being constructed to Canton, it would, no doubt, be advisable to establish branch lines, connecting with the main line, in that portion. of the new territory through which the main line will not pass.

It has also been suggested that, even if the Canton-Kowloon line be not established at once, light railways should be constructed in the new area. They would, no doubt, help to develop it and increase its population by attracting people to it, but roads seem to be the first requisite, and should be attended to as soon as possible.

PRESENT GOVERNMENT OF THE SAN ON DISTRICT.

Civil Officers.

The district of San On, within which the area about to be leased is situated, is included in the jurisdiction of the Viceroy of the two Kwong Provinces, who lives at Canton.

The chief civil officer of the district is the magistrate, who resides at Namt'au, and who is responsible to the Viceroy for the good government of the whole district, and whose duties are both judicial and executive.

Under the magistrate are an assistant magistrate and two deputy magistrates. The assistant magistrate resides at Taip'ang. One deputy magistrate is stationed at Fukwing, north-west of Namt'au, the other within the city of Kowloon.

The assistant and deputy magistrates have power to make arrests and conduct preliminary inquiries, but should refer most cases to the magistrates for final decision.

* Not printed.

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The magistrate is aided in his duties by secretaries or shihye, who are placed in charge of the departments dealing with crime, revenue, and official correspond- ence, and by a staff of police or runners, whose duties are referred to more in detail under the head of police.

The magistrate may inflict corporal punishment, and possesses the power of imprisonment, but is not empowered to sentence prisoners to death.

Military Officers.

In addition to the civil officers there are several military officers in the dis- trict. The highest of these is the Taip'ang Hip or colonel commanding at Taip- 'ang, a town to the north-east of Mirs Bay. This officer has also quarters at Kowloon, and for this reason is commonly known as the Kowloon Mandarin. He is under the control of the General or T'i Tu of the Kwongtung province, and has under his command several officers and some troops.

Map VII.* shows where the various officials are stationed. It will be ob- served from this map that as a rule the petty military officers, who control the islands, do not reside on them, but have their headquarters at Taip'ang, on the mainland.

Prisons.

There is one main prison, situated at Namt'au, and under the control of an officer entitled Tien Shih. The prison is built to accommodate 120 persons, but is seldom occupied by more than 30 or 40. In addition to the prison there are six lock-ups, one for each of the four Tung or Divisions, into which the district is divided, and two under the control of the deputy magistrates, for detaining persons pending trial.

Police.

There are two classes of police in the district. One class, called ch'ai or runners, is stationed in the district city under the control of the magistrate. They are about 60 in number and are sent, as occasion requires, throughout the district for a variety of purposes, including the making of arrests, the collecting of the land tax, and acting generally as the eyes and ears of the magistrate. They receive no pay from Government, but manage to earn a fair livelihood by illicit

squeezes.

In addition to this class of police, there are, in each village throughout the district, at least two kang fu or village constables, who are appointed by the village, and paid out of contributions made by the villagers according to the extent of their holdings in land. Large villages have five or six constables, the head constable being styled Tipó. Their duty is to keep watch, especially at night. They have the power of arrest, which is deputed to them by the gentry and elders of the village.

Local Government in the Villages.

If a person is arrested by a village constable, he is taken before the gentry and elders of the village, who assemble in a place specially appointed for the pur- pose. The gentry and elders, who are the representatives of the clans inhabiting the villages, are selected by the inhabitants to deal with cases in the village council. The usual cases are those of theft, disputes about land, domestic squabbles, and cases of debt. Most of these cases are summarily dealt with by the village council and as a rule the decision of that council is accepted as final. But if either of the parties to a case is dissatisfied, he can appeal to a council of the Tung, or to a general council, made up of representatives of the different Tung. A reference to Map VI.* will show how the newly leased territory is divided into Tung or Divisions. Each council of a Tung contains representatives of the villages which make up the Tung. In addition to a council of a Tung there is a general council for the whole of the Tung Lo or Eastern Section, which is practically that portion of the district of San On contained in the map attached to the Convention (Map I.)*. This general council is styled the Tung P'ing Kuk or Council of Peace for the Eastern Section. It has its council chamber at the market town of Sham Chun, which is regarded as the centre of the Eastern Section.

* Not printed.

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If the decision of the council of the Tung or of the General Council is not regarded as satisfactory, an appeal lies to the magistrate of the district.

THE PROPOSED FUTURE GOVERNMENT OF THE NEWLY LEASED TERRITORY.

I am of opinion that in the future government of the newly leased area, the organization at present in existence should be as far as possible utilised.

Public Works.

The chief work of this Department will be to erect buildings and to construct roads and piers. A staff consisting of one assistant engineer, a draughtsman, two clerks, and a few overscers would suffice at first. The officers of this Department should, I think, be under the supervision of the Director of Public Works of Hongkong, so that the new territory may have the benefit of the experience and advice of that officer. I may mention that the present Director of Public Works, Mr. ORMSBY, is of opinion that the supervision of the public works in the new territory can, without difficulty, be arranged from Hongkong.

Police.

A European should be appointed as head of the police, and should have under him a Chief Inspector, 4 European Sergeants, and an Indian Sergeant, to act as Jemadar of the Indian Police. A force of at least 30 Chinese and 20 Indians should be enrolled and stationed at headquarters or other convenient places, from whence they could patrol the territory in different directions, in order to maintain peace and good order, and to protect the lives and property of the inhabitants. This force should be properly drilled and partially mounted. A detective force of 15 men will also be required. The existing system of village constables should be maintained, the Tipò, or head constable, being held responsible to the Watch Committee of the village for the good order of the village. The number of these village constables in the Tung Lo, or Eastern section, must be over 1,000. Their pay, which is at present defrayed by the villages, is very small, and will, no doubt, have to be increased in order to secure efficiency. It is hoped that this large force may be gradually improved and converted into a well disciplined force of military police. To begin with, however, it will be necessary to take them as they are, and make the best possible use of their services.

The village council should, for purposes of police, act as a watch committee, and control the village constables, the Tipò being in the first instance responsible to them.

With regard to the policing of the islands, an Indian and 3 native Chinese should be stationed on the island of Ch'eung Chau, and the same number of men at Tai'O, in the island of Lantao. These police should be under the inmediate supervision of a European Inspector, with headquarters at Cheung Chau, who should have at his disposal a launch armed with a machine gun, and a crew, who should be properly drilled. With this launch he would be able to visit regularly all the islands in the new territory. Lamma Island, which is immediately adjacent to Hongkong, might be policed from Aberdeen. The Putoi Group might also be placed under Hongkong so far as the policing of them is concerned.

Launches.

In addition to the launch for visiting the islands, another launch will be required for the east of the new territory, and a pinnace for Deep Bay and its neighbourhood in the west. Each of these vessels should be armed with a quick- firing gun, and commanded by a European, who should have under him a crew trained to the use of arms.

Judicial.

I recommend that the village tribunals be retained, and that they be allowed to exercise their present powers under proper supervision. A precedent for this exists in Ceylon, where an ordinance entitled the "Village Communities Ordinance (No. 24 of 1889) is in force, and which, I think, might with slight modifications be adopted for the village communities in the new territory. In this opinion Mr. BREWIN, the Acting Registrar General of Hongkong, the Hou. Ho KAI, and the H n. WAI YUK, the Chinese members of the Legislative Council of Hongkong, whom I consulted, concur.

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As in Ceylon, records of all the cases tried should be carefully kept and re- gularly inspected from time to time by a travelling magistrate, who should exer- cise strict supervision over the native tribunals. This officer should have a knowledge of Chinese and of law.

An appeal to the council of a Tung should lie from a decision of a village tribunal. The resident should be the final court of appeal in all matters, civil or criminal, cognizable by native tribunals.

In criminal matters offences punishable by death, as well as offences such as piracy, arson, treason, forgery, highway robbery, burglary, &c., should be heard before the Hongkong Police Magistrate, and, if there is a primâ facie case, be com- mitted by him for trial.

Prison.

As to prison accommodation I recommend that a gaol large enough to accom- modate 50 persons be established.

The head of the police should discharge the duties of superintendent. The Chief Inspector should act as chief warder, and the other warders could be second- ed from the police. The prison should be situated at headquarters where the Commissioner resides.

In addition to the main prison, there should be in each Tung a lock-up for detaining prisoners pending trial or transfer to the chief prison; and in each village accommodation should be provided in the watch-house for detaining pri- soners pending trial before the village tribunal.

Medical and Sanitary.

A European medical officer should be appointed to look after the officers of the Government, and superintend generally sanitary matters throughout the ter- ritory. He should have under him a staff consisting of two Chinese assistants trained in Western medical science, who would aid him in the work of supervising medical and sanitary matters throughout the villages. A small hospital should be erected at headquarters, and in course of time dispensaries should be established at different points in the territory.

For purposes of sanitation the council and head constable in each village should co-operate with the medical authority, and should be encouraged to keep their villages in a cleanly condition.

Education.

At present every village of any size in the territory has at least one school, in which the Chinese Classics are taught. The schoolmaster's salary is paid by the villagers. In addition to these schools there is at Namt'au, the chief city of the district, a college or Shü Ün, under a Director and Assistant Director of Studies, in which candidates for the first and higher degrees may study. These candidates, who are commonly known as Tung Shang, have already passed two examinations-one, held by the magistrate of the district, and one by the prefect of the Kwong Chau Prefecture, the Prefecture being made up of a number of dis- tricts, of which San On is one. It is estimated that there are in the district of San On 300 T'ung Shang studying for the first degree, for which an examination is held yearly at Canton. The number of vacancies allotted to the district is eleven. There are said to be 150 graduates of the first degree resident in the whole district.

I recommend that the present village schools be retained, but that at the same time the study of English be encouraged. This could be done in the first instance by the establishment at the headquarters of the government of a school for the teaching of English under a master well acquainted with both Chinese and English. When a desire for a knowledge of English spreads, as is almost certain to be the case, other schools can be established at different places throughout the area. an inducement to learn English, free scholarships at Queen's College should be offered to the best students in the new territory, and the appointments of inter- preters should be, so far as possible, given to natives of the district who are qualified to fill them.

As

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Revenue.

Appendix 6 contains a statement of the revenue of the San On District drawn up by the District Magistrate, from which it appears that the total annual revenue amounts to $52,220, or, say, £5,000. But from information derived from another source it is estimated that the annual revenue of that portion of the San On District contained within the leased area amounts to $160,000, or, say, £16,000.

Owing to the inspection of the new territory having been somewhat hurried, it was not possible to institute a minute inquiry into all the items of revenue. Some of these may not be regarded as satisfactory sources of revenue, and may be ultimately abandoned, whilst it may be deemed advisable to modify the mode of collecting others. For instance, the revenue derived from opium includes a duty on raw opium, which produces annually $23,611.11. In Hongkong the duty on opium is charged not on the raw but on the prepared article, which in the new territory is said to yield only $4,166.67 a year, an amount obviously much lower than that which could be collected. And the same remark is applicable to other items of revenue, which, when British rule is established, will be greatly increased. However, until further experience has shown in what manner revenue can be best raised without exciting the suspicion or irritating the feelings and pre- judices of the inhabitants, it would be well to interfere as little as possible with the present system and sources of taxation. If this be done, it is anticipated that there will be no difficulty in raising at the start an annual revenue sufficient to meet the cost of administering the new territory. The expenditure is estimated at $125,000. To cover this outlay taxation to the amount of 14 dollars or 2s. 6d. per head of the population will be sufficient.

Expenditure.

The cost of administering the new territory is estimated at $125,000. The chief items of the estimated expenditure are :—

Police.....

Surveyors Miscellaneous.

Total .....

$33,223

$14,400

$24,657

$72,280

When the work of survey has been completed such a large staff of surveyors will be unnecessary, but it is important, as has been pointed out, that the land under cultivation should be surveyed as quickly as possible. Miscellaneous ex- penditure has been estimated at a high figure, as unforeseen expenses are sure to be large when the territory is first taken over.

Loan.

The finances of the new territory should be kept distinct from those of Hong- kong, and, so far as can be judged, there seems to be no reason why it should not be self-supporting as soon as it has been taken over. But the collection of the annual revenue will necessarily take some time, especially at the commencement of British rule, and before that rule has been established, it will be necessary to have in hand funds sufficient to meet current expenses and to cover initial outlays. Buildings for public offices, for officers' quarters, for a gaol, for a school, will have to have to be constructed; the present roads will have to be improved and new ones made.

To meet this expenditure I recommend that recourse be had to a loan. The Government of the new territory might be empowered to borrow up to a maximum amount, and to arrange with a local bank for an overdraft, so that it could obtain such advances, not exceeding the amount it has been authorised to borrow, as it may from time to time require.

BOUNDARY LINE.

The boundary line indicated on the map attached to the Convention (Map I.) * is the shortest line from sea to sea that could be found, measuring on the map only eleven (11) miles. Following the river from Deep Bay to Shain Chun and the road from the latter place to Starling Inlet, the actual distance is about thirteen (13) miles.

* Not printed.

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196

This boundary line is open to great objection. It cuts in two the rich valley of which Sham Chun is the centre, and, while excluding that town, divides the villages in the valley hitherto linked together by family ties and common interests, and at present separated, so far as the river extends, by about 100 feet of a tidal river, and onwards from Sham Chun to Starling Inlet by no boundary whatever. All these villages regard Sham Chun as their central and most important market, where they dispose of their goods and make their purchases, and much difficulty and friction would be certain to arise if the villages on one side of the stream or road come under British jurisdiction whilst those on the other remain under Chinese rule.

Another important reason why Sham Chun should not be excluded from the area to be leased is that it is the seat of the Head Council of the local as opposed to the Imperial Government, represented by the district magistrate, who resides at Namt'au. This Head Council controls all the village and other tribunals through- out the Tung Lò or Eastern Division of the San On district, which is that portion of the district included in the Convention, and exercises great influence in every village.

Again, it must be remembered that the chief industry of the villages in the valleys is the cultivation of rice, for which an ample and constant supply of water is necessary.

If the boundary line indicated on the Convention map be followed, endless dispute as to water rights between villages under British and Chinese juris- diction are certain to ensue; dissatisfaction will be created; and the task of govern- ment will be rendered more difficult.

The proposed boundary would also render smuggling an easy matter, which, in view of the pledge given to China, ought to be avoided.

The disadvantages of having a Chinese town just outside British territory have been experienced in the case of Kowloon, which for years has been a source of never- ceasing trouble and constant friction between the Governments of Hongkong and China. History will certainly repeat itself if Sham Chun be allowed to remain in Chinese territory.

In the opinion of all those acquainted with the country, whether belonging to the naval, military, or civil services, it is essential, in the interests of good gov- crnment, and in order to maintain friendly relations with China, that the town of Sham Chun should be included in the lease.

The boundary between two countries, which leads to least friction, is either a broad and deep river or the ridges of hills forming the watersheds of different valleys. In the San On district there is no broad river such as would form a suitable boundary. But there are ridges of hills which could be utilised for that purpose.

This proposed line, which includes the important town of Sham Chun and the land to the north and east of Mirs Bay and to the west of Deep Bay, forms a good, natural boundary, running along the crest of the hills, is easy of defence, and would help to check smuggling. It renders unnecessary the separation of villages hitherto united, removes all danger of disputes about water rights, and obviates any interference with the present system of local self-government, on the support of which the success of British administration in the new territory must to a great extent depend.

PREVENTION OF SMUGGLING.

The question of smuggling from Hongkong is one which has given more trouble than almost any other ever since the foundation of the Colony.

The whole difficulty lies in the geographical position of the Colony of Hong- kong, which is so situated that smuggling into China may be checked but can never be altogether prevented. It is obvious that the extension of the Colony will not decrease the facilities for smuggling, especially if a mere stream instead of a well-defined range of hills is selected as a boundary.

Opium has always been the chief article smuggled. To prevent the smug- gling of it, special legislation has been introduced by the Government of Hongkong. If it is considered desirable, in view of the pledge given by Great Britain to China to prevent, so far as possible, smuggling, to still further control the export of opium from Hongkong, I am of opinion that this can be best effected by a bonding system.

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All opium, on its arrival at Hongkong from India, should be bonded, and no opium should be allowed to be removed from bond except under proper guarantees as to its destination, or shipped, without the Harbour Master being furnished with a copy of the bill of lading.

The Customs of China should be supplied with regular returns of all shipments.

The Opium Farmer of Hongkong should be made to account clearly for every chest of raw opium supplied to him, and should not be allowed to handle more raw opium than is necessary to meet the opium-smoking requirements of Hongkong and of the new territory, and the demands of the prepared opium export trade to Australia, America, and elsewhere.

These precautionary measures are sure to decrease the revenue of Hongkong. If they are adopted, the Government of China should not hesitate either to lease the whole of the San On district or to adopt that boundary line which is the best in the interests of all parties concerned.

KOWLOON CITY.

The city of Kowloon is called in Chinese Kau Lung Shing. The term Shing is the ordinary one used for a city by the Chinese. It originally seems to have signified a rampart, surrounding a space; but it is now always applied to a city surrounded by a wall or rampart, as all Chinese cities are. The Convention refers to the retention of jurisdiction "within the city of Kowloon," thus clearly showing that the walled city is meant.

Kowloon is situated about a quarter of a mile from the sea shore. It is en- closed by a stone wall built in 1847, forming as nearly as possible a parrallelogram, measuring 700 feet by 400 feet, and enclosing an area of 6 acres. The wall is built of granite ashlar facing, is 15 feet in width at the top, and averages in height 13 feet. The wall bas six watch towers, at present occupied as family dwellings, and two gateways, with doors made of wood and lined with iron sheeting. The parapet wall is built of granite, and has 119 embrasures. It is approached by four flights of stone steps. (See Sketch Plans of Kowloon City and Neighbourhood, Maps VIII. and IX., and photographs.)*

According to a return (see Appendix 7) furnished by the Deputy Magistrate, the total population of Kowloon city is 744; the garrison amounts to 544; the civil population to 200. The officials stationed within the city are, with the exception of one civil officer, a Deputy Magistrate, military officers, the head of whom is the Colonel Commanding. This officer is the chief military officer in the district of San On; is immediately subordinate to the Ti Tu, or General in Com- mand of all the land forces in the province of Kwong-tung. The Colonel's juris- diction is purely a military one, extending over the whole district of San On and the islands adjacent thereto. His original headquarters were at Taipang (see Map VII., showing residences of officials), and his official designation is still Taip'ang Hip, or Colonel stationed at Taip'ang, at which place he has a yamên, or official quarters. The reason for his having taken up a residence within the city of Kowloon was to place him in closer relations with the Colony of Hongkong.

As the garrison now under the command of the Colonel is maintained for the defence of the district of San On and the adjoining islands, and as the larger por- tion of that district and most of the islands are to be leased by the British Govern- ment, most of the soldiers now supposed to exist under the Colonel's command. will be disbanded or transferred elsewhere, whilst the services of those retained will be required not within, but outside, the territory referred to in the Convention. The residence, therefore, of the Colonel Commanding and of his troops within the city of Kowloon is entirely unnecessary. But even if it were necessary, the mili- tary requirements for the defence of Hongkong must surely render it impossible to allow the retention, in the very heart of the territory, of a garrison of soldiers belonging to a foreign power, however friendly that power may be.

The only civil officer resident within the city is a Deputy Magistrate. He is appointed not to control the 200 civilians resident within the city, who are really subject to the military, but to exercise a somewhat extensive jurisdiction outside the city, throughout a large portion of the new area. When that area has been taken over, there appears to be no reason why this office of Deputy Magistrate should continue to exist, as the jurisdiction now exercised by him will be merged in the administration of the territory under British rule.

*Not printed.

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198

The civil population within the city of Kowloon, amounting to 200, lives there simply because it is dependent on the military. It does not engage in trade, there being no shops of any kind within the city. If the military remove from the city, the civil population is sure to follow, so there will be no one remaining over whom a Chinese officer could exercise jurisdiction.

In any case it appears to be entirely inconsistent with the military require- ments for the defence of Hongkong to allow a garrison town like Kowloon to be occupied permanently by Chinese military officers and troops. If that view be accepted, there seems to be nothing to justify the retention of Chinese jurisdiction in any shape or form within the city, for without the garrison the population will, it is certain, be reduced to nothing,

Should any civilians remain after the removal of the military, they might be allowed to establish a native tribunal presided over by the elders and gentry, but subject, of course, in the same way as the other native tribunals throughout the territory, to the control of the travelling magistrate, and possessing the right of appeal to the Council of the Tung, and finally to the Commissioner.

CONCLUSION.

In conclusion, it may, I trust, be gathered from the account of the new terri- tory that it will form a valuable extension of Hongkong. It is favourably situated, has good harbours with safe anchorages, possesses a rich soil, and is inhabited by an industrious. hardy, and frugal race. Under Chinese rule enterprise has been at a discount, and progress has been at a standstill for centuries. The San On dis- trict of to-day must be much the same as it was four or five hundred years ago. But when British rule is established, and the people realise that justice prevails, that they are allowed to pursue their avocations in peace and freedom from illicit extortions, and that there is no unnecessary interference with their manners and customs, the spirit of enterprise will soon manifest itself, capitalists will be attracted to a region where their capital is not liable to official squeezes," the resources of the country will be developed, and its prosperity will continue to increase.

6

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART, Special Commissioner.

Appendix No. 1.

CONVENTION.

Convention for the Extension of Hongkong.

Whereas it has for many years past been recognized that an extension of Hongkong territory is necessary for the proper defence and protection of the Colony:

It has now been agreed between the Governments of Great Britain and China that the limits of British territory shall be enlarged under lease to the extent indi- cated generally on the annexed map*. The exact boundaries shall be hereafter fixed when proper surveys have been made by officials appointed by the two Governments. The term of this lease shall be 99 years.

It is at the same time agreed that within the City of Kowloon the Chinese officials now stationed there shall continue to exercise jurisdiction except so far as may be inconsistent with the military requirements for the defence of Hongkong. Within the remainder of the newly leased territory Great Britain shall have sole jurisdiction. Chinese officials and people shall be allowed as heretofore to use the road from Kowloon to Hsinan.

It is further agreed that the existing landing place near Kowloon City shall be reserved for the convenience of Chinese men-of-war, merchant and passenger vessels, which may come and go and lie there at their pleasure; and for the con- venience of movement of the officials and people within the city.

When hereafter China constructs a railway to the boundary of the Kowloon territory under British control, arrangements shall be discussed.

* Not printed.

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199

It is further understood that there will be no expropriation or expulsion of the inhabitants of the district included within the extension, and that if land is required for public offices, fortifications, or the like official purposes, it shall be bought at a fair price.

If cases of extradition of criminals occur, they shall be dealt with in accord- ance with the existing treaties beween Great Britain and China and the Hongkong Regulations.

*

The area leased to Great Britain, as shown on the annexed map, includes the waters of Mirs Bay and Deep Bay, but it is agreed that Chinese vessels of war, whether neutral or otherwise, shall retain the right to use those waters.

This Convention shall come into force on the 1st day of July, 1898, being the 13th day of the 5th moon of the 24th year of Kuang-Hsü. It shall be ratified by the Sovereigns of the two countries, and the ratifications shall be exchanged in London as soon as possible.

In witness whereof the undersigned, duly authorised thereto by their respec- tive Governments, have signed the present agreement.

Done at Peking in quadruplicate (4 copies in English and 4 in Chinese) the 9th day of June in the year of our Lord, 1898, being the 21st day of the 4th moon of the 24th year of Kuang-Hsü.

(Sd.) CLAUDE M. Macdonald.

(L. S.)

(Sd.) LI (HUNG-CHANG).

HSU (YING-KUEI).

Seal of Tsungli Yamen.

Appendix No. 1a.

REPORT ON THE HARBOURS IN MIRS BAY, BY COMMANDER DE HORSEY, R.N.

1. Starling Inlet. Good anchorage in 4 fms. Head of bay too shallow for purposes of navigation. If road be brought down to either side of bay on parallel 114° 14′ 30′′ E. ships drawing 21 feet of water could lie alongside a short pier.

2. Crooked Harbour. Good protected anchorages in 6 to 7 fms. Useful only 3. Double Haven. for fishing requirements.

4. Anchorage under Pingchau Island. Good anchorage in 7 fms., but much taken up with fishing stakes and unimportant for line of communication.

5. Plover Cove. Very good anchorage in all weathers in 43 fms., but out of trade route.

6. Tolo Harbour. Like Starling Inlet, too shallow at head of bay for purposes of navigation, although there is a boat channel, which, if marked out, will take small junks up to town. Anchorage on 4 fins. line. Suitable for shipping; whichever side of bay road is made it should be brought out on parallel 114° 11' 45" E., in order to allow of vessels lying alongside a pier in 21 feet.

7. Tide Cove. Communication by small junks or light launches at high water to top of bay. Sampans at low. Anchorage in 3 fms. Protected in all winds. Distance from head of bay 3 miles. Important as being the closest by land to Kowloon.

8. Long Harbour. Good anchorage in 7 to 8 fms. More suitable for a mili- tary than a mercantile port.

9. Port Shelter. Good anchorage for any size of ships. Chiefly useful as being deep close to shore, and divided from Tseung Kwan O by a small neck of land 4 mile wide.

10. Rocky Harbour.

Unimportant, being out of line of communication.

*

*Not printed.

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Appendix No. 2.

REPORT ON THE GEOLOGY OF THE NEW TERRITORY BY MR. ORMSBY.

The geological formation of this territory is simple, granitic, trappean, and metamorphic rocks largely predominating. the only stratified rocks which are found belonging to the hypozoic period. There are in places evidences of volcanic action, but of a very remote period, while the granitic and trappean rocks are very prominent everywhere. The hills facing Hongkong are chiefly of granite, of which imany varieties occur, from a fine close-grained felspathic white rock and a pink coloured granite like that of Aberdeen to a very coarse porphyritic granite. Kao- lin probably exists, but I did not come on any defined beds of it, though told that it was to be found near the west point of Castle l'eak Bay. Syenite is common and of very good quality, a dark, highly crystalline variety, in many cases the large distinct crystals of hornblende being well shown.

The bold and rocky east coast shows some very characteristic cliffs of columnar basalt, and blocks of this. an almost black and highly crystalline rock, are largely used for bridging streams inland.

Further inland other trap rocks appear, while some of the islands in Mirs Bay show very distinctly the terraced and step-like appearance of these formations. The more compact and crystalline varieties seem to predominate, though trap tuffs and claystone porphyries are not absent. Specimens of basalts, greenstones, and felspar porphyries were numerous.

It is extremely difficult in such a country as I have described, where the varieties of trap rocks are so numerous and so mixed up with rocks of the granite system, to say what other rocks may not exist. One thing is certain, there is everywhere an abundance of the best building material, and for road macadamizing nothing could surpass the hard basalts.

In one or two places I came on distinctly stratified rocks, of a hard, crystal- line, close-grained variety, dark grey or bluish grey in colour, which I would call syenitic gneiss.

Pure quartz rock is uncommon, though in places distinct out-crops of quartz- ite were to be seen. I saw no mica schists, and except in the pure granites mica is not to be seen. Talc also is absent, but hornblende appears everywhere, and I should say chlorite schists, hornblende schists and actynolite schists are fairly

common.

I saw no limestone, all lime used in buildings being obtained from the burn- ing of coral or oyster shells.

The lower hills between the mountain ranges are of laterite, rounded or conical in shape, and well covered with vegetation, combining to form the extremely pic- turesque scenery usually associated with such formations. The richly cultivated valleys lying between, formed by the denudation of the surrounding mountains, seem in most cases to have a few feet of good soil overlying laterite; some exca- vations, as in wells, showed this very distinctly. The laterite is what would be called a coarse cabook in Ceylon, fit for cutting out in blocks for building pur- poses. This is extremely like the disintegrated granite of Hongkong, but contains more silicate of alumina and oxide of iron, the latter showing in large nodules.

Some excellent pottery clay exists on the slopes of Taimò Shán, of which we saw specimens in the village of Un-iu, of a light brown colour and extremely fine texture. Brick clay is found in all the valleys, and is used in the form of large sun-dried bricks in many of the village houses and walls.

Possibly beds of primary limestone will be found, but the lime obtained by the burning of coral or shells is as a rule better for building purposes, so the absence of rock limestone, if such turns out to be the case, does not matter. A lead mine was worked for some years on the side of Taimò Shán, but the working discon- tinued for some reason about 6 years ago. Galena was also found near Kowloon, and on the north side of Lantao, and elsewhere. These workings should be ex- amined by a mining expert, and the richness of the ore ascertained. The natives also speak of alluvial tin being found. Silver and lead were worked on the south of the island of Lantao within recent years, but without success financially, possibly due rather to Chinese official interference and bad management than to the absence of a paying richness in the ore. Expensive buildings were erected on the sea-shore, and machinery said to have cost 100,000 dollars imported and erected. Even

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when the speculation collapsed, the plant was valued at $30,000, all of which is said to have been abandoned. Only the foundations and cement floors of some of the buildings remain, and the brick chimney shaft of the smelting works.

I should say that on the Taimò Shán range gneiss syenite and trap rocks predominate. Massive boulders of gneiss of a bluish grey or greenish colour are scattered over the nountain side and in the ravines. On the slopes in which the best pasturage is found there is a stiff yellow clay, with veins of quartz gravel.

Lantao Island is chiefly granite on the south face and trap rocks on the north, the latter being consequently much better covered with vegetation and trees. The smaller islands, such as Ch'eung-chau, P'ing-chau, and Lamma seen to be almost entirely granite.

It will be understood that as only 12 days in all were spent in the exploration. of the mainland and islands, no accurate or close geological survey was possible, the predominating rocks were judged as much from the stone used in the paved footpaths, stream crossings, sea walls, and houses, as from the bed rocks on the hill sides, usually difficult of access. This geological description of the country is therefore of a very sketchy and imperfect character, and a closer and more careful examination by a professional geologist, or an expert in mineralogy, will doubtless bring to light much that has escaped my observation.

Appendix No. 3.

TABLE SHOWING THE DISTRIBUTION OF RACES.

No.

Division.

Races.

No. of Popula- Villages.

Total Popula-

tion.

tion in each Division.

1

Shat'au

沙頭

Punti ......

4

5,000

5,000

2 Sham Chun.....

深圳 Punti ......

20

12,900

Hakka

6

1,180

26

14,080

14,080

3 Shat'au Kok

沙頭角| Hakka

54

8,530

"

Punti ...

1

70

55

8,600

8,600

4

Un Long

Punti ......

49

20,980

Hakka

10

2,040

59 23,020

23,020

5 Sheung Ü..............

雙魚

Punti....

60

10,210

Hakka

122

10,660

182

20,870

20,870

6

Kau Lung (Kowloon)

Punti ......

22

5,830

Hakka

32 9,200

54

15,030

15,030

7

Islands

Punti......

9,150

Hakka

31

4,460

Tanka......

7

110

43

13,720

13,720

Total......

423

100,320

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Appendix No. 4.

REPORT ON PROPOSED NEW ROADS, BY MR. ORMSBY.

One of the first and most pressing needs is a good cart road on an easy trace from the shores of Mirs Bay, where it approaches nearest to Kowloon city, over to British Kowloon. Such a road can readily be made as a continuation of the road already constructed on the west side of the peninsula to Mong-kok-tsui. The trace would pass through Tai-kok-tsui and along the sea coast past Lai-chi-kok, Keo- pa-kang, &c., rising by an easy gradient until it passed round the end of the southerly mountain range, and entered the valley leading down towards Sha-t'in Inlet in Mirs Bay. Leaving Sha-t'in on the right, the trace would pass the villages of Tai-Wai, Cheung-Lung, Fotan, and keeping up by Kau-to, drop again to the important centre of Taipò Hii market town at the head of Tolo harbour. From Taipò Hu the road should follow the existing paths up the valley to the north-west to Sham Chun. The line I have indicated only scales 22 miles on the map, and I am of opinion that a good carriage road trace would turn out to be not more than 25 or 26 miles. I put this road first, as I consider it far and away the most important; it would pass through the centre of the territory, and not only would afford rapid and easy access to Hongkong markets for villagers with pro- duce to dispose of, but would render the administration of the new territory simple. Besides this, there is daily communication by junks from different points on Mirs Bay with Taipò Hü and Sha-t'in.

Next in importance I would put a road from Sham Chun to Shat'au Kok or Starling Inlet. This road would be about 10 miles long and on very easy gradi- ents, the greatest elevation between these two towns being only 80 feet above sea level.

The Des Voeux road on the east side of British Kowloon through Hung-Hom should be carried on to Kowloon city, and generally following the existing footpath through a low pass in the chain of hills, be continued on to the important town of Sai-Kung on the shores of Port Shelter. This road should eventually be conti- nued across the dividing range to the shore of Tolo Harbour in Mirs Bay.

The roads so far described should in my opinion be what I would designate as second class carriage roads, 12 feet wide, all rivers and streams permanently bridged with stone or iron structures, stone cross drains, and surfaced with the best gravel or disintegrated rock obtainable locally, all soft ground having a bot- toming of large stones; 1 in 18 should be the steepest gradients permitted. On such roads Chinese ponies in light two-wheeled carriages could readily accomplish 8 miles an hour, bringing Shain Chun within a three hours' drive of Kowloon. I roughly estimate the cost of such roads at $10,000 a mile, but in the absence of surveys and sections this must be considered rather of a guess.

An-

Besides these, some good bridle roads should be constructed, the most im- portant being one leaving the first main road above described where it enters the valley leading to Sha-t'in, skirting the hills close above Ts'ün-wan and following the telegraph line path through one of the gaps on Taimò Shán down into the Pát Heung Valley, and so on to Unlong Hii and Pingshán by Kamt'in Hü. A road joining Unlong Hü with Sham Chun would also be desirable. other useful road would be one connecting Pát Heung Valley with Taipò Hü, through the Lam-ts'ün valley, a low ridge of hills between the two making this a simple matter. These bridle roads should be 6 feet wide, with stone culverts over the smaller streams, and paved fords over the larger ones, to save expense in bridging. The gradients should be limited to 1 in 10, but carriage road gradients adopted if possible, with a view to future developments. The natural surface might be left. I estimate that such roads should not cost more than $2,000 a mile.

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1

Appendix No. 5.

203

LIST CONTAINING THE NAME AND POPULATION OF EACH VILLAGE IN THE NEW TERRITORY.

(Compiled by Mr. Ts'oi Yeuk-shan.)

P. Punti or Cantonese.

H.

Hakka.

T.

Tanka.

SHAM CHUN DIVISION.

Name of Village.

Population. People.

Name of Village.

Population. People.

Lin ma hang

蓮麻坑

450

H.

Tái pó tin

大莆田

100

P.

Heung ün wai...香絲圍

120

P.

Tán chuk hang... 丹竹坑

100

P.

Ping yeung..

平洋

160

H.

Lok ma chau

·落馬洲

160

Chái kok

寨角

80

P.

Tsó t'au

灶頭

250

Ló shü ling.

·老鼠嶺

100

P.

San t'in

新田

3,000

P'ing ch'e

平輋

160

P.

Li uk ts'ün..

李屋村

200

pi pi pi pi pi pi

P.

P.

P.

P.

Ma uk pin

馬屋邊

100

H.

Shán kai fat

山鷄笏

60

P.

Total villages, 14

5,040

SHAT AU KOK DIVISION.

Name of Village.

Population. People.

Name of Village.

Population. People.

Shán tsui

山嘴

250

H.

Hung shek muh

M

40

H.

Sheung wai.. 上圍

80

H.

Lai chi wo ·荔枝窩

300

H.

San ts'ün..... •新村

180

H.

Shek shui kán...

20

H.

Tam shui hang..擔水坑

200

H.

Wang ling tsui... 橫嶺嘴

70

H.

Ú shek kok.........Z

70

H.

Wangling tau橫嶺頭

150

H.

Tái long

Yeung ngát tau..

Ma tseuk ling......EN

70

P.

Yung shü au 榕樹凹

300

H.

100

H.

A ma fat 亞媽笏

60

H.

220

H.

U kau t'in......KD

300

H.

Au ba....

·凹下

80

H.

Ch'ung mi..... ·涌尾

60

H.

Wo bang..

禾坑

260

H.

Kuk pó

谷埔

500

H.

P'ing p'o mi

•平婆尾

80

H.

Luk keng......

300

H.

Kat ó

吉澳

600

H.

Nam chung... 南涌

200

H.

Pák sha t'au

白沙頭

20

H.

Fung hang...

200

H.

Pák t‘ám chau........... Éƶ

60

H.

Sam tám lo...

40

H.

Fung wong fat...鳳凰笏

10

H.

Lo lung tiu...

20

H.

Siu kau

小滘

150

H.

Kai kuk shi ha 雞鵠樹下

120

H.

Tái kau

大滘

100

H.

Ts'at muk kiu七木橋

80

H.

Kam chuk phái ...

100

H.

Sám a

EY

150

H.

Total villages, 36

5,540

—21.

204

UN LONG DIVISION.

Name of Village.

Cheung uk tsin...張屋村

Population. People.

Name of Village.

Population. People.

100

Shán fung wai.....E

100

Sai shán

西山

200

Shek p'ó

石莆

200

Ha ts'ün.....

廈村

2,000

T'ang shán....

籐山

2,000

Tóng fong..

塘房

120

P.

Sau wai

新聞

450

pi pi pi pi pi pi pi pi

P.

Ün wai........

圓圍

200

P.

Tung ch'ung

東涌

240

P.

Chuk ün

P.

竹園

300

pi pi pi

P.

P.

P.

Mai p'ó.......

·米莆

150

P.

P.

San t'in

新田

2,000

P.

P.

Un kong

·圓曲

500

H.

Kák shui wai

·隔水圍

500

P.

P.

Shek t'au

石頭

120

P.

Ngau hom

4-70

200

P.

Sheung ts'ün

上村

400

P.

Mong tsing..

網井

400

P.

Lúi kung tin

雷公田

80

H.

San ts'ün..

新村

60

P.

Lin fa ti......

·莲花地

350

H.

Nám ti.....

南地

130

P.

Ch'eung p'ó......

250

P.

Tái tsing.

大井

400

P.

Ma on kong

250

P.

Nám shé fat

·南蛇

220

P.

Pring shán

坪山

2,000

P.

Wáng chau....

to HH

900

P.

Ha mi....

下尾

30

P.

Tseung táu ủn...

250

P.

Shui tsiu..

・水焦

450

P.

Ló wai

老圍

200

Yau t'in...

游田

150

P.

T'in sam

田心

100

Lok uk ts'ün..

駱屋村

100

Sham ch'ung.

深涌

100

Pák sha......

白沙

200

*

Kam t'in.......................... 0

錦田

Hung tsó t'in......

Ch'eung t'au pó...IT

Pák uk ts'ün.. 白屋村

100

120

2,400

800

....

Sha p'ó...

沙莆

300

pi pi pi pi pi pi pi pi pi pi pi pi pi pi pi pi pi

Wong ka wai

·黃家圍

100

H.

San hü

新墟

250

H. P.

P'ò t'ong ha.......T

80

P.

Shui lau

·水樓

30

H.

T'in tsz.....

田子

130

T'in tsz wai

田子圍

250

pi pi

P.

Siu hang

小坑

80

P..

Tso t'in....

祖田

220

P.

P.

Nai wai

泥圍

180

P.

P.

Tsing chin wai...青磚圍

200

P.

P.

Tái shui hang... 大水坑

120

H.

P.

Năm wán

南灣

120

H.

P.

Nám long

FEJ

400

H.

P.

Pak long

·北

H.

120

P.

Tuk mi chung...后尾涌

220

H.

P.

58 villages...

22,620

SHEUNG Ü DIVISION.

Name of Village.

Population. People.

Name of Village.

Population. People.

pulation.

Naitung..

泥洞

80

H.

Wong ü t'án......*

100

H.

Kwai t'au ling

龜頭嶺

120

H.

Ham t'in tat.....ÐI

40

H.

Kwan ti

軍地

80

P.

Shin wán 船灣

250

EL.

Lung t'ong.....

龍塘

140

P.

Tái mnituk 大尾后

60

H.

Tái ting..........

·大廳

80

H.

Ping shán tsai...Uf

60

H.

San wai

.新聞

80

P.

Sha lo tung

沙羅洞

100

H.

Ló ts'ün...... ·老村

180

P.

Fung ün

風園

80

P.

Ling kok wai.....$60

70

H.

Ha hang

Thi

100

Ho sheung heung 河上鄉 250

P.

Tái pó Hũ...

..

大埔墟

280

P.

Shek ú hü 石湖墟 120

P.

Nám hang....

南坑

220

pi pi pi

P.

P.

Sheung shui ..... •上水

1,800

P.

Tải wo..

大窩

100

P.

In kong..

燕崗

120

P.

Kau lung hang... 九龍坑

130

H.

San wai.

•新聞

160

P.

Ha wai

下圍

80

Fan ling Wai ha

1,200

P.

120

P.

Sheung wai 上圍

Ping kong......... ·丙崗

80

120

pi pi pi

P.

P.

-22-

SHEUNG & DIVISION-continued.

205

Name of Village.

Population. People.

Name of Village.

| Population. People.

Tái lung.

·大壠

80

Tsung pák long.. 松柏

80

Ku tung.

古洞

50

pi pi pi

P.

San ts'ün

新村

80

P.

P.

Fong ma pó

放馬埔

140

H.

Hang ba pó

坑下埔

200

H.

Kam ts'in

金錢

240

P.

Wai t'au......

·圍頭

140

P.

San ün......

新園

100

P.

San uk tsai

新屋仔

80

H.

Ting kok

汀角

650

P.

Chung uk tstin...鍾屋村

60

H.

Lung mi.

龍尾

150

H.

Trong min tsin..塘面村

60

P.

Nai pik shán......垅壁

坭壁山

25

H.

San uk ha.........E

新屋下

20

H.

Pò sam phái

莆心排

100

H.

San t'ong.

新塘

60

H.

Chán tau kok

鏟頭角

50

H.

She shán

社山

120

H.

Tung tsai

洞仔

130

H

Tái om

大庵

100

H.

A shán.....

丫山

10

H.

Tin liu ha...

田寮下

80

H.

San wai

新圍

60

H.

Lin au......

蓮凹

60

H.

Pan ch'ung...

逆涌

100

P.

Cheung uk wai... 張屋圍

40

P.

Uniu

碗陶

250

H.

Tái long

大浪

80

P.

Wong nai au

黃坭凹

160

H.

Sai wán....

西灣

40

P.

Tái pó lau

·大埔滘

10

P.

Chik háng.........5

150

H.

Tái mong che...... 大芒輋

100

H.

Tò ka p'ing...

土家坪

20

P.

San t'ong...

新塘

60

H.

Lung keuk龍脚

50

P.

Chái kịp ..

寨氹

120

H.

Lan nai wán......爛坭灣

150

H.

Pak ngok shek...栢鰲石

80

H.

Wong nai chau... 黄坭洲

60

H

Tái om shán

·大庵山

40

H.

Pak tám chung 北潭涌

30

H.

Ng tfung chái........梧桐寨

40

H.

Ching hang

正坑

20

H.

Nám shán

南山

30

H.

Pák tám

白潭

10

P.

10

San uk ha

•新屋下

60

H.

Ping tun....

.坪墩

H.

80

Sheung chfe.

.........上輋

160

H.

Ngong wo.

H.

Ha ch'e .......

下輋

50

H.

Wong mó in...... 黄毛岌

40

H.

Wang t'oi shán....橫台山

400

H.

Cháp chuk wán..插竹灣

60

H.

In ngám

燕巖

10

H.

Phải au

排凹

10

H.

Ta t'it in.....

打鐵岌

40

H.

Tái mong trai....t

100

H.

Lo sheung tun... 羅上墩

60

H.

Pak a

北了

80

H.

Sha t'in

沙田

400

H.

Tung wán.........

To shek

多石

40

Pák láp......

白蠟

40

P.

Ngau pi shek......牛皮石

20

H.

She wán

蛇灣

10

H.

Tái ch‘e.

·大輋

50

H.

Kau sai.

·滘西

80

P. H.

Ngau au

牛凹

30

H.

Lai chi chong...荔枝庄

60

H.

30

Fa sam bang

花心坑

60

P. H.

Nám shán.......

南山

H.

50

Wong nai t‘au..... 黃坭頭

60

H.

Hám t'iu ●鹹田

Tái lám liu......... 大籃寮

120

H.

Sham chung...... 深涌

50

H.

Máu ping..

Mui tsz lam 梅子林

●茅坪

60

H

Yau ü tán 魷魚灘

10

H.

140

H.

Yung shi au...... 榕樹凹

100

P.

Tái shui hang......大水坑

Tái nó.

Ló shu t'in 老鼠田

200

大腦

140

H.

Pák sha

白沙

Shek hang... 石坑

10

H.

35

H.

20

P.

K'i ling ha..........T

60

H.

Tiu tsó ngám...... 吊草巖

50

H.

Nai chung.......坭涌

100

Kun

yam

shán.....觀音山

60

H.

Ch'e ha

輋下

120

Sha t'in t'au

沙田頭

150

H.

Kon hang ..

乾坑

60

Ngau kok wo......

牛角窩

10

H.

Sai au

....

茜凹

20

Tin sam

田心

120

H.

Cheung muk t'au 樟木頭

40

Káng hau

選口

140

P.

Ú kwai sha ..

....

·烏龜沙

60

Fui iu kok.....

陶角

40

H.

Maku lám....

馬牯纜

60

Kák t'in ..

·隔田

130

P.

Tái tung

大洞

50

ERRER pi pi pi

H.

P.

P.

H.

P.

P.

P.

P.

-23-

206

SHEUNG U DIVISION-continued.

Name of Village.

Population. People.

Name of Village.

Population. People.

Tải wai

大圍

250

Cheung lung......Ħ

50

pi pi

P.

Sai kang

茜逕

60

P.

P.

Ngong ping.

Sheung wo ch'e... LAN

60

H.

Nám a.................

南丫

32

30

H.

20

H.

Ha wo ch'e....................... T

30

H.

Long kang.

朗逕

20

H.

Fo fui

火灰

70

H.

Tại wán...........

60

H.

Lok ló ha.......

落路下

140

H.

Nám shán........

80

H.

Ma niu shui...

馬尿水

30

H.

Sha kok mi

·沙角尾

250

P.

Kau t'ó.....

狗肚

60

P.

Sha ha

沙下

30

E.

Cheung shu t'án...

500

P.

Pak kong au..

北港凹

80

H.

Táp mun

·塔門

200

H.

Pak kong...

·北港

100

P.

Hoi ha.....

海下

50

H.

Im t'in tsz

田子

120

H.

T'am tsai.....

潭仔

10

H.

Sai kung

西貢

800

H.

Pák sha au...

白沙凹

150

P.

Tsiu hang..

蕉坑

20

H.

Sheung yeung.

上洋

120

H.

Heung chung ....

20

H.

Ha yeung

·下洋

220

H.

Ma lám fat.......ES

40

H.

Kó trong

·高塘

100

P.

Khi hám

界酒

80

H.

Ho muk tun

荷木墩

50

H.

Pák sha wán......ÉNZ

Uk t'au

屋頭

20

H.

Pak wai

●北圍

80

H.

Cheung sheung au帳上凹

10

P.

Hó chung

·蠔涌

600

P.

Tán ka wán

疍家灣

.80

H.

Nám wai...

·南圍

400

H.

W

o li kiu.

禾狸呌

60

H.

Wo mi......

窩尾

60

H.

Tái lau.....

大柳

160

H.

Wong keng au.....

黃縻凹

40

H.

Nám ch'e......

·南輋

60

Lam uk wai....................

林屋圍 60

pi pi

P.

P.

Total villages, 180 20,750

KAU LUNG DIVISION.

Name of Village.

Population. People.

Name of Village. Population. People.

Tái po tsai

Au t'au

·大埔仔 100 凹頭

P.

Kau lung tsai......ff

350

H.

60

H.

Sham shui pó......

1,500

H.

Tseung Kwan ó...EN

將軍澳

150

P.

Pák shü long.......

20

H.

Yau ù wán

魷魚灣

100

H.

Chéung sha wán F

500

H.

Pan long wán

檳榔灣

150

H.

Kau p'a kang......KIE

300

H.

Hang hau....

坑口

80

H.

Kwai chung...

400

H.

Mang kung uk...AR

孟公屋 R

350

H.

Tsün wán kái......

500

H.

Tái hang hau

大坑口 120

H.

Sz tiu kok

四吊角

30

H.

Seung sz wán

..

相思灣

120

P.

Muk min ha

木棉下

400

H.

Ha yeung

下洋

200

H.

Ts'ün wan wai...

400

H.

U hop wán

芋台灣

60

H.

Fat t'ong

佛堂

Pó toi ó

布代澳

60

Kun tong

官瑺

60

Ipi pi

Tải wo

P.

Wo li táp ·禾鸝夾

Tái lám chung... 大欖涌 400

80

E.

大窩

250

H.

H.

P.

Ch’ün lung .

川龍

200

H.

Kau lung

九龍

1,200

P.

Ün tun

圓墩

80

H.

Kau lungtong......

250

H.

Só kun fat

箒管笏 600

H.

Nga ts'in long......MRJ

120

P.

Sám tung muk...

400

P.

Nga ts'in

衙前

150

P.

Sam p'i chan 三皮 皮鎭

400

P.

Ta ku ling....

打鼓嶺

150

H.

Shek wai kok......0%

400

P.

Chuk ün......

竹園

80

Pó kong...

Tải om

寶江

80

50

Un ling

圓嶺

200

pi pi pi pi

P.

Ha kwai chung 下葵涌

400

P.

Tán chong.. 炭廠

400

P.

Kau wo kang......九禾逕

400

P.

400

Lai chi kok..........

Ngau shi wán

牛屎灣

600

H.

Shing mun ·城門

120

Tsing lán shü

·井欄樹

450

H.

Lám

fong trú.

監房肚

140

pi pi pi pi si si si Hei

P.

P.

P.

P.

H.

P.

Ngau t'au kok......40%

200

H.

Sha p'ó

沙蒲

800

Ma t'au

馬頭

220

pi pi

P.

Total villages, 53......

14,730

-24-

207

ISLANDS.

Island.

Name of Village.

Population. People.

Ts'ing i.............

青衣

Ts'ing i

400

Ma wán

馬灣

Ma wán

馬灣

400

P.

Táiüshán (LANTAO)

大嶼山 Itsün........

二村

10

T.

Tảits in.......

·大村

10

T.

2)

Kái shek

·界石

10

T.

""

Ts'ing chau

青洲

10

T..

""

Kong shin au...

江船凹

10

T.

""

Yam ó.......................

19

壬澳R

20

H.

Tung ip hang

"

東業坑

10

H.

Sham shui kok

*

深水角

30

H.

"

"

""

""

Tải hỏ.........

Pák mong Ma wán

Pa mi

Ling p'i

·大壕

100

H.

白芒

100

H.

馬灣

50

H.

罷尾

80

H.

嶺皮

1,000

H. P.

"

Shek mun káp

石門夾

30

H.

""

Nim ün

.拾元

50

H.

""

""

Shek lau pó

石榴布

150

H.

Ngau au

牛凹

150

H.

""

Lung tsing káp

龍井夾

80

H.

""

Sha lo wán ....

沙羅灣

200

H.

"1

Pák shek hang

白石坑

50

H.

Tải ó

大澳

3,000

P.T.

"

1 ó

二澳

150

T. P.

"

Shek sun......

石笋

20

H.

""

Shek pik....

.石碧

30

""

Trong fuk

塘福

50

H.

"

Shui hau......

80

H.

Pui ó

背澳

300

H.

""

Tái long

大浪

100

H.

"

Pak li shek.

北理石

30

H.

Shap long..

100

H.

""

Ma t'ong tsz....

麻塘子

20

H.

"

Mui wo

Kak hoi

·煤窩

700

H.

隔海

70

H.

"1

Tái pák

大白

30

T.

""

I pák

二白

30

T.

"

Píng chau

平洲

P'ing chau ......

平洲

600

P.T.

Chéung chau..........

長洲

Ch'eung chau....

長洲

5,000

P.T.

Pokliu (LAMMA)

萡寮

Yung shü wán Luk chau

榕樹灣

250

H.

·鹿洲

50

"

Ló só shing

·蘆鬚城

80

H.

Tungó

·東澳

80

H.

""

Total villages, 43

13,720

-

-25--

208

...

Appendix No. 6.

A translation of a Statement drawn up by the Magistrate of the San On dis- trict of the Annual Revenue derived from the whole of the San On district during the

present financial year.

(Sent through the Consul at Canton to the Colonial Government.)

(1.) Taxes derived from fields, hills, fish ponds, fisheries, &c., for the 24th year, for defraying expenditure of the district, and remittance to the Treasurer of Canton for transmission to Peking,

(2.) Customary registration fees and stamps for title deeds, (3.) Licence fees from fishmongers on scales, weights, &c., (4.) Extra tax on land,

Taels.

*11,592.6.2.6

50.0.0.0

100.8.0.0

1,959.1.5.9

Taels 13,702.5.8.5

This sum + premium on Syce money = Taels 19,259.2.1.9

(5.) Extra registration fees for transfers and assignments

of land, &c.,.....

(6.) Tax paid in kind, Government measure, Piculs 2,833.3.6 (or ordinary measure Piculs 7,837.0.8) = 12,245 bushels 1 pk. 3 qts.,

(7.) Land originally allotted to soldiers, now chiefly held by private individuals. Fine rice, Pcls. 424.4.0.9 = 662 bushels 2 pks.,

(8.) Land originally allotted to soldiers, inferior in quality to No. 7. Fine rice, Pels. 151.4.4.6 = 236 bushels, (9.) Contribution from Government land for sacrificial

poses,

(9B.) Passage boat fees paid to the Government Treasurer

and Prefect of Kwong Chau,

730.9.9.2

13,600.1.2.8

1,613.1.9.4

151.4.0.4

pur-

23.0.6.0

318.4.0.0

(10.) Rents derived from land resumed by the Government, (11.) Rents from land devoted to support of colleges, (12.) Rents collected from Tseung Kwan O shops for sup-

1,746.2.5.7

741.9.3.5

port of foundling hospital,

148.6.7.2

(13.) Rent from Tung Fat pawnshop for support of found-

ling hospital,

120.0.0.0

(14.) Rent from Government land leased to inhabitants for

support and maintenance of colleges and foundling hospital,

(15.) Monthly licence fees from quarrymen at Ngau t‘au kok, Li U Mun, Ch'a Kwo Ling, Sai Tsò Wan,

....

(16.) Monthly opium licence fees, (17.) Fees for stamping and renewing small fishing boat licences. (This sum is to meet the expenses of

having boats inspected, boat hire, food, wages, stationery, &c.),

(18.) Annual licence fees from pawnshops,

$1,000.0.0.0

....Taels 404.0.0.0

37,589.8.2.0

290.1.9.3

over 120.0.0.0

130.0.0.0

Total,....

$52,220.80

£5,004 9s. 101d.

NOTE.-1 tael=$1.39. At 1s. 11fed. for a dollar = 2s. 8d.

* 8,000 taels are sent to Peking.

-26-

209

Appendix No. 7.

RETURN SHOWING THE POPULATION OF KOWLOON CITY, INCLUDING THE GARRISON FURNISHED BY THE DEPUTY Magistrate.

Colonel

First Captain...

Left wing Division--

Lieutenant

1

Company of drilled troops--

1

First Commander

1

Second Commander

1

1

Company of braves-

First Lieutenant

Second Lieutenant...

1

1

1

Regular infantry

70

....

1

Drilled troops

100

Braves of the right and left wing 100

1

Division.

1

Civil population, about............

200

Lance-corporal

Company of drilled troops-

First Commander

Second Commander

Company of braves--

First Lieutenant

Second Lieutenant...

Regular infantry (including clerks 160

and servants).

Drilled troops

Right wing Division-

Sergeant.....

Lance-corporal

100

1

1

-27-

TOTAL......

744

EXTRACTS FROM A

Memorandum on some Legal Aspects of the Hongkong Extension (by W. Meigh Good- man, Attorney General of Hongkong, dated December, 1898.)

SIR,

1. As requested by you, I forward, for the consideration of the Right Hon- ourable the Secretary of State, the following remarks on the subject of the appli- cation of the laws of Hongkong to the newly acquired territories thereto adjacent.

2. By Clause 1 of Her Majesty's Order in Council of 20th October, 1898, those territories are declared to be "part and parcel of the Colony of Hongkong in like manner and for all intents and purposes as if they had originally formed part of the said Colony."

By Clause 2, the Governor, by and with the advice of the Legislative Council of the Colony, is empowered to make laws for the peace, order, and good govern- ment of the said territories as part of the Colony.

By Clause 3, it is ordered that, from a date to be fixed by the Proclamation of the Governor, all laws and Ordinances which shall at such date be in force in the Colony of Hongkong shall take effect in the said territories and shall remain in force therein, until altered or repealed by Her Majesty or by the Governor by and with the advice or consent of the Legislative Council.

By Clause 4, the exercise of jurisdiction by the Chinese officials then stationed within the City of Kowloon is continued therein, except in so far as may be incon- sistent with the Military requirements for the defence of Hongkong.

3. I call special attention to this Order in Council, because its terms appear to me to settle the problem as to what system of laws and generally what laws should be applied to the new territories, having regard to their physical nature, their situation and the characteristics of the inhabitants, and to narrow the matter down to the question "should the new territories be exempted from the applica- tion of any and, if so, what particular laws or Ordinances in force in Hongkong."?

4. Such exemption, if desired, might conveniently be effected by an Ordinance passed in Hongkong immediately after the date fixed by the Governor's Proclama- tion for the Hongkong laws and Ordinances to take effect in the new territories.

1

210

5. For my present purpose, the law in force in Hongkong may be deemed to

consist of-

(a.) Such of the laws of England as existed when the Colony obtained a local Legislature, that is to say, on the 5th April, 1843, except so far as the said laws are inapplicable to the local circumstances of the Colony or its inhabitants; (see Section 7 of Ordinance 12 of 1873); and

(b.) Local Ordinances passed in Hongkong adding to, altering or repeal-

ing the law in force on 5th April, 1843.

I cannot recall to mind, as I write, any Imperial Legislation extending to Hongkong which requires special consideration in relation to the extension of the Colony.

6. It is hardly necessary, in this Memorandum, to enter into the question as to whether any and, if so, which of the laws of England in force on 5th April, 1843, referred to in paragraph 5 (a.), should be specially included in an exempting Ordi- nance, because such laws were only originally brought into force in Hongkong "so far as they were not inapplicable to the local circumstances of the Colony or its inhabitants." It remains, therefore, to decide whether any of the local Ordinances should be exempted by Ordinance.

7. It might, at first sight, appear that the new rugged, mountainous territories, partly on the mainland, partly consisting of islands, and inhabited for the most part by Chinese agricultural peasants and Chinese fishermen or coolies, were not ripe for the somewhat elaborate legislation of Hongkong; but, on reading the Ordi- nances themselves, one finds but few which would, in actual practice, cause hard- ship or difficulty. Indeed, in the United Kingdom itself, there must have been districts where, say a hundred years ago, peasants lived the simplest lives all un- conscious of most of the elaborate laws in force, and without experiencing any embarrassment so long as they conducted themselves properly; and, as regards the inhabitants of the new territories, it will probably only be as they advance in civi- lization and their hamlets increase in importance, that they will find they come much within actual touch of such of the laws as are really only practically applicable to a Colony which has made some progress.

8. It must, moreover, be borne in mind that just as Hongkong has been deve- loped by British energy and by the Chinese under British Government and just laws, so the new territory has a future before it, and British and Chinese enterprise and capital will be more likely to be attracted from "Hongkong proper" and elsewhere, to the new extension of the Colony if the laws prevailing therein are practically identical with those of Hongkong itself.

9. The edition of the Ordinances of Hongkong, published in two volumes in 1891 and compiled by Mr. LEACH, contains the Ordinances in force at the end of 1890. This edition, as modified and supplemented by the Ordinances since passed, enables one to ascertain the local Ordinances at present obtaining in Hongkong. I mention this because the edition in four volumes to the end of 1887 containing all the Ordinances passed to that date includes a large number of those already then repealed. Prefixed to each of Mr. LEACH'S two volumes is a chronological table which renders reference to the subject matter of the Ordinances to the end of 1890 a simple task.

10. Although some of the Hongkong Ordinances seem beyond the present requirements of the new extension, yet, when they are referred to in detail, it would, in many cases, seem unnecessary, having regard to the future, expressly to exclude them from applying. In point of fact they would work no practical hardship because, in practice, they would not be enforced until adequate machinery had been provided and facilities afforded for carrying out their provisions. In some few instances it might be well to exclude the application of an Ordinance from the new territories.

11. I will now proceed to remark on such of the Ordinances as seem to re- quire consideration in our present enquiry :---

:

E

1

211

Ordinance 15 of 1888.-(The Rating Ordinance) as amended by 5 of 1892.

As by Section 6, the Assessor is to make his valuation of the tenements in the Rating Ordinance. Colony or of such part thereof, as the Governor in Council may direct, it would be practically in the discretion of the Governor in Council whether rates should be levied in the new territory. Therefore I do not know that it is necessary to exclude this Ordinance. Indeed, as time goes on, and money has to be spent on the new territories some mode of raising some revenue will become necessary.

At présent the rates are 7 per cent. in rural districts as against 13 per cent. in Victoria.

Ordinance 15 of 1889.—(The Building Ordinance) as amended by Ordinances 25 of 1891, 15 of 1894 (Sections 7 and 8), 7 of 1895 and 5 1896.

No doubt some building law will be required in the new territories, but before Building Ordinance. the present Building Ordinances are extended to the new territories, I should like to have the views of the Director of Public Works as to whether they could be satisfactorily carried out. Unless he thinks the present Ordinances might be made to apply I should for the present exclude them-see Section 69 and also Section 70 of 15 of 1889 as amended by Section 3 of Ordinance 7 of 1895, &c., &c.

Ordinance 5 of 1890.- Vaccination.

As the penalty (see Section 11) is only enforceable after six months' notice and Vaccination. neglect thereof, and the Registrar General would not give such notice till proper facilities for vaccination have been afforded, it seems to me the extension of this Ordinance to the new territory is desirable and would in practice create no hard- ship. The Chinese do not usually object to vaccination.

Ordinance No. 26 of 1891.—(Merchant Shipping) as amended by 9 of 1892.

A new Bill has been prepared in the Colony by the Harbour Master and my- Merchant Shipping. self, consolidating the Law of Merchant Shipping and approximating it as nearly as local circumstances permit to the law in force in England under the 1894 Act. I do not think the operation of the Ordinance 26 of 1891 should, in the meantime, be excluded from the new territory. Of course, care will have to be taken in the new Ordinance in defining "waters of the Colony" (compare Section 2 of 26 of 1891).

Ordinance 17 of 1887.-(Cattle Diseases, Slaughter-houses and Markets) as amended by Ordinance 23 of 1890, Ordinance 12 of 1894, Ordinance 17 of 1895, 25 of 1895.

Possibly difficulties might arise if this Ordinance were extended to the new territories, e.g. the provision of section 12, and it should be made clear that the lessee under section 10 has no sole privilege of slaughtering as regards those territories, and the Bye-laws, as to landing cattle imported, at certain places only, might operate harshly unless amended.

I would suggest, therefore, excluding, for the present, the operation of this Ordinance and most of the amending Ordinances, but I see no reason why sections 4 and 5 of Ordinance 23 of 1890 should not be extended to the new territories, for it is expedient to provide against the sale and importation of unwholesome food even if it proves difficult to enforce such provision.

12. I have annexed to this Memorandum a draft Ordinance with a Schedule of excluded enactinents. It is possible that some other Ordinances should be added to the Schedule, but I was unwilling to suggest excluding any laws in force in Hongkong, unless it is absolutely necessary so to do. The Sanitary Board might be consulted as to whether any and what portions of the Public Health Ordinances should be added to the Schedule or whether the application of any Bye-laws unsuited to the extension might not be limited to the Colony as it existed when they were made.

13. In conclusion, I can only hope this Memorandum and Draft Bill may be of some use in assisting the Governor and Legislative Council in finally deciding what legislation shall be excluded from the new territories.

I have, etc.,

(Signed)

W. MEIGH GOODMAN.

212

Land Registration. Ordi- nance 3 of 1844.

Probate and Administra- tion. Now Ordinance 3 of 1897.

Registration of Births and Deaths. Now Ordinance 16 of 1896.

Marriage Registration.

Stamps.

Post Office.

Licensing of Auctioneers, Billiard tables, Hawkers, Money changers, Public vehicles, and Chinese undertakers.

Spirit Licences,

Ordinance No. 3 of 1844.—( As to Registration of Deeds, Wills, etc. affecting

real and immovable property in Hongkong.)

While it will probably be long before the villagers in the new extension will register small land transactions, yet it seems right that if a European or Chinaman purchases a plot of land and desires to register it in the Hongkong Land Office, he should be able to do so where the land is situated in the new territory just as easily as if it were situated in Hongkong as it exists now. I see no valid reason to exclude this Ordinance.

Ordinance 8 of 1860.-Relating to Probate and Administration.

This has been repealed and the subject matter dealt with and consolidated by Ordinance 3 of 1897.

As regards the new consolidating Ordinance the Chinese in the extension would probably often ignore it as they frequently do now in Hongkong, only taking out Probate or Administration when they require a legal title so as to sell some land or transfer some shares, but I see no reason why Ordinance 3 of 1897 should not apply to the new territory. It will work smoothly in time.

Ordinance 7 of 1872.-Relating to registration of Births and Deaths.

This has been repealed and re-enacted with improvements as Ordinance 16 of 1896 (amended by 20 of 1898). It is important that Births and Deaths should be registered, but till district-registrars are appointed under Section 3, it will be difficult for Chinese in the new territories to give the information as required by the Second Clause of Section 3. Having regard, therefore, to the requirements of Sections 8, 9 and 11 (a), especially 11 (e) as to burying, some little time must elapse before the provisions of this Ordinance could be complied with. I should therefore exclude it for the present.

Ordinance 14 of 1875.-Marriage Registration.

Having regard to the restricted application of this Ordinance (See Ordinance 14 of 1896 amending Section 39 of 14 of 1875) it need not be excluded.

Ordinance 16 of 1886.-Stamps.

Amended by 13 of 1894 and 26 of 1895. On the whole I should not ex- clude this Ordinance though, no doubt, it will be largely ignored by the Chinese in the new territory as it is in Hongkong. Chinese do not care to incur expense in stamping even receipts unless they think the documents will have to be pro- duced in Court or they are giving receipts to Europeans.

T

Ordinance 1 of 1887.-Post Office.

I should not exclude this Ordinance. In practice the Chinese would send letters in the new territories by native channels till the Post Office authorities were able to enforce and properly work the monopoly which the Post Master General has, at least in theory, over correspondence and letters.

Ordinance 21 of 1887.-Licensing Consolidation.

I think this Ordinance should, at all events for the present, not be extended to the new territories.

Ordinance 21 of 1886.-(Spirit Licences.)

This has been repealed and re-enacted in a consolidating and amending Ordi- nance (No. 24 of 1898). Possibly, for the present, this Ordinance might be excluded from applying to the new territories.

.

511

No.

32

99.

No. 66.

HONGKONG.

DESPATCHES AND OTHER PAPERS RELATING TO THE EXTENSION OF THE COLONY OF HONGKONG.

SIR,

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor.

(Governor to Secretary of State.)

GOVERNMENT HOUSE, HONGKONG, 17th March, 1899.

I have the honour to inform you that Mr. WONG TS'ÜN-SHIN, who was deputed by the Viceroy of Canton to assist in the delimitation of the northern boundary of the Kowloon extension, arrived on the 10th instant, and on the 11th had an inter- view with Mr. STEWART Lockhart. He returned to Canton on the 12th instant to consult the Viceroy and came back on the 14th instant when he again met Mr. STEWART LOCKHART with a proposal that the Sham Chun river should form the boundary. This was the extreme limit to which he was permitted to go.

2. He came here with Mr. STEWART LOCKHART and we discussed the matter for over two hours. I endeavoured to show him that it would be to the mutual advantage of China and this Government to have Sham Chun and Shat'ankok included in the leased territory, and pointed out to him that, if they were, they would still be open for the Chinese to as great an extent as at present, while if they are not ceded they will be closed to the Chinese inhabitants of this Colony who have been in the habit of resorting to them; but it was clear that he had orders not to grant them. I then thought it well to have the river boundary for- mally agreed to as a provisional measure, leaving our pressing demand for the boundary of the base of the hills to the North open for further consideration at Peking. I wrote an agreement* which was signed by the Chinese Commissioner and Mr. STEWART LOCKHART. I have explained the situation fully to Sir CLAUDE MACDONALD and sent him a copy of the mapt of which I enclose a copy, being the only good survey of the boundary district that has yet been made. The provi- sional boundary is marked in red, the proposed boundary in blue. doubt that it would be a great convenience to this Colony to have the two towns named included. But pending the further negotiations on the point the fixing of the boundary to the river will enable me to take over the territory which I shall do as soon as the necessary preparations are complete for having a police force and a magistrate there. I shall inform you by telegraph when I can fix the date.

I have no

3. I hear conflicting accounts of the feeling of the people. The inhabitants on the Deep Bay side do not bear a very good reputation, and it will be necessary to have a fair show of force when hoisting the flag.

4. I assume that all the public buildings belonging to the Chinese Government are to be handed over to this Government, and that all Chinese officials are to be removed from the leased territory and their powers and duties are to cease and determine from the moment that the flag is hoisted.

5. I enclose for your information copy of a letter addressed to me by Mr. STEWART LOCKHART and of its enclosures relative to the progress of his negotia- tions with the delimitation Commissioner appointed by the Chinese Government.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient, humble Servant,

The Right Honourable

JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN, M.P.,

sc.,

SC.,

* Enclosure No. 1.

HENRY A. BLAKE,

Governor, &c.

&c.

↑ Not printed.

Enclosure No. 2.

ENCLOSURE No. 1.

(Agreement referred to in the Governor's despatch of 17th March, 1899.)

It is agreed that for the present the river past Sham Chun to Shat'aukok shall be the boundary to its source North-West of Shat'aukok and thence to Mirs Bay immediately to the West of Shat'aukok; the North bank of the river referred to being the boundary. The question of including Sham Chun and Shat'aukok is to remain open for further reference to Peking.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART.

善存王

14th March, 1899.

i.e., WONG TS'ÜN-SHIN.

(Governor to Mr. Stewart Lockhart.)

No. 28/G.

SIR,

GOVERNMENT HOUSE, HONGKONG, 11th March, 1899.

I hereby appoint you, under authority from the Secretary of State for the Colonies, to be the representative of the Government of Great Britain for the purpose of fixing the exact boundaries of the extension of Hongkong in accordance with the terms of the Convention signed at Peking on the 9th June, 1898.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

The Honourable

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART, C.M.G.,

No. 428.

&c.,

Colonial Secretary,

&C.,

&c.

HENRY A. BLAKE,

Governor, &c.

ENCLOSURE No. 2.

(Mr. Stewart Lockhart to Governor.)

COLONIAL SECRETARY'S OFFICE,

HONGKONG, 16th March, 1899.

SIR,

I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of the instrument signed by Your Excellency dated the 11th instant, appointing me, under instructions from the Secretary of State for the Colonies, the representative of Great Britain for fixing the boundaries of the extension of the Colony of Hongkong.

2. Acting under that instrument I have held two interviews with the Com- missioner appointed by the Government of China for the delimitation of the frontier of the extension of the Colony of Hongkong.

3. I am glad to be able to state that after considerable difficulty I have induced the Commissioner for China to agree to the North bank of the Sham Chun river to its source as the boundary between British and Chinese territory. It is gratifying to me to have succeeded in securing in the new extension complete control of that river, which on the map attached to the Convention is not in- cluded within the territory leased to Great Britain. It is scarcely necessary to point out that without such complete control the development of the territory would have been rendered very difficult.

3

4. In my report to the Colonial Office of the 8th October last, I strongly recommended that the town of Sham Chun should be included in the leased territory, and I stated at some length the reasons for my recommendation. I enclose a copy of that portion of my report dealing with this matter. Nothing has occurred since that report was written to modify in any way my views on this subject, and I trust that in the interests of Great Britain the British Minister at Peking will be able by diplomatic representations to secure that not only the town of Sham Chun but also the town of Shat'aukok will be included within the British boundary.

5. I am about to proceed to-day to delimit with the Chinese Commissioner the boundary agreed upon between us, which is described in the Agreement signed before Your Excellency at Government House on the 14th instant, a copy of which is enclosed. I will in due course report the result of our mission. I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

His Excellency

Sir HENRY A. Blake, G.C.M.G.,

&c.,

&c.,

&c.

1

No. 73.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Colonial Secretary.

(Telegram to Secretary of State.)

23rd March, 1899.

Commissioners appointed by British and Chinese Governments have agreed that the Northern boundary of the New Territory shall include the River. The ques- tion of including Sham Chun and the valley was reserved for reference to Peking. Public opinion here strongly opposes non-removal of Imperial Customs Stations. I hoped to assume jurisdiction in New Territory early in April, but in deference to the request of the Chinese Government, conveyed through Her Majesty's Minister at Peking, I have agreed to take no action till April 15th. Most important to have quarters ready for Executive Staff and Police before the wet weather, which begins next month.

BLAKE.

SIR,

(Governor to Secretary of State.)

GOVERNMENT HOUSE, HONGKONG, 24th March, 1899.

In continuation of my despatch No. 66 of the 17th instant, I have the honour to transmit for your information copy of a further letter from Mr. STEWART LOCK- Lock- HART and of its enclosure relative to the completion of the delimitation of the Northern boundary of the new territory.

Credit is due to Mr. LOCKHART for having arranged a satisfactory provisional boundary line, but I am addressing Her Majesty's Minister at Peking with a view of obtaining an extension which will include the towns of Sham Chun and Shat'aukok.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient,

humble Servant,

HENRY A. BLAKE,

Governor, &c.

The Right Honourable

JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN, M.P., &c.,

&'c.,

&c.

· Already printed. (See Sessional Paper No. 5.) Enclosure No. 1.

No. 16.

ENCLOSURE No. 1.

(Mr. Stewart Lockhart to Governor.).

COLONIAL SECRETARY'S OFFICE,

HONGKONG, 20th March, 1899.

SIR,

I have the honour to report that, accompanied by Mr. ORMSBY, Director of Public Works, I left for Mirs Bay on Thursday last, the 16th, to delimit the boundary of the new territory leased to Great Britain by China.

2. I was met on the morning of the 17th instant at Starling Inlet by the Officer deputed by the Chinese Government to carry out the work of delimitation on behalf of China.

3. The delimitation was completed on the 18th instant on which day I returned to Hongkong.

On the 19th instant, I met the Officer deputed by the Chinese Government and we both signed the enclosed memorandum which clearly defines the boundaries of the new territory.

4. I attach a sketch map* on which the boundary defined in the memorandum referred to above is indicated. This map has been prepared by Mr. ORMSBY, Director of Public Works, who has been of great assistance to me in settling a satisfactory boundary.

5. I had a final interview with Mr. WoNG, the Chinese representative, to-day.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your Excellency's most obedient Servant,

His Excellency

Sir HENRY A. BLAKE, G.C.M.G.,

Governor of Hongkong.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART, Colonial Secretary.

MEMORANDUM

(Referred to in Mr. Stewart Lockhart's Letter of the 20th March, 1899.)

The Northern Boundary commences at the point of high water-mark in Mirs Bay where the meridian of 114°.30' East cuts the land and follows that high water-mark to the point marked with a peg immediately to the West of the market town locally known as Tung Wo Hu and sometimes called Shat aukok. It then proceeds straight inland for a short distance till it meets a narrow path between fields on the right and a tidal flat on the left. A peg was driven in to the East of the path, and it was agreed that the whole of the path is within British territory but inay be used by the inhabitants of both countries. The line follows this path until it reaches a corner of the market town of Tung Wo Hü where another peg was driven in and then proceeds until it comes to the bed of a wide stream which is at present dry. It was agreed that the boundary should follow the centre of this river bed. The land to the right of the river, that is, the land on the left bank being within Chinese territory; the land to the left of the river, that is, the land on the right bank being within British territory. This line along the middle of the river's bed continues until a road leading to the village Kang Hau is reached. A peg was driven in at the point where the boundary line leaves the river and fol- lows this road. It was agreed that the whole of the road is within British terri- tory but may be used by the inhabitants of both countries. This road leads up a steep ravine crossing and re-crossing the stream. It was agreed that the waters of this stream whether within the British or the Chinese boundary should be avail- able for the inhabitants of both countries. This road passes through a gap about 500 feet above sea level forming the dividing ridge between the Shat'aukok and Sham Chun valleys. The boundary was marked at this point with a peg. It was agreed that the road from this gap should be the boundary and is within British territory but may be used by the inhabitants of both countries. This road passes

* Not printed.

&

[

5

up

down the right-hand side of the ravine and has a stream on the left running to Kang Tó.

At the foot of the ravine this road crosses a larger stream coming from the direction of Ng Tung Shán and re-crosses it within a distance of 100 yards. This road passes Kang T'ó village on the right and reaches the Sham Chun river at a distance of about a quarter of a mile below Kang T'ó. It was agreed that to this point this road is within British territory but may be used by the inhabit- ants of both countries. It was also agreed that the waters of the stream running from Ng Tung Shán referred to above should be available for cultivators of land in both territories. A peg was driven in to mark the point where this road as a boundary ended. The boundary then follows the right or northern bank of the river generally known as the Sham Chun river down to Deep Bay, all the river and the land to the south being within British territory. The Western, Eastern, and Southern boundaries are as laid down in the Convention, the whole of the Island of Lantao being within British territory.

The waters of Mirs Bay and Deep Bay are included in the area leased to Great Britain.

Signed in the Council Chamber, Hongkong, this 19th day of March, 1899.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART.

In the presence of

TSOI YEUK-SHÁN.

I # #, i.e., WONG TS'ÜN-SHIN.

HONGKONG. No. 81.

!

SIR,

ie., KI WAI.

(Secretary of State to Governor.)

DOWNING STREET,

9th May, 1899.

I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your Despatch No. 73 of the 24th March and enclosures relative to the completion of the delimitation of the Northern boundary of the new territory, and I shall be glad if you will convey to Mr. STEWART LOCKHART my appreciation of the able manner in which he has conducted the negotiations with the representative of the Chinese Government on

this occasion.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient,

humble Servant,

Governor

Sir H. A. BLAKE, G.C.M.G.,

&c.,

&c.,

&c.

J. CHAMBERLAIN.

(Telegram to Secretary of State.)

1st April, 1899.

Inclusion of Sham Chun refused by Chinese authorities. The people near the boundary decided upon have threatened our workmen employed in the erection of Police matsheds. An inflammatory placard which had been posted in the New Territory has been brought in to me. I propose to proceed this evening to interview the Viceroy at Canton, with a view to having Chinese troops sent to preserve order until we take over the territory-which will be as soon as the matsheds are ready.

BLAKE.

No. 82.

SIR,

6

(Governor to Secretary of State.)

GOVERNMENT HOUSE, HONGKONG, 1st April, 1899.

I have this moment a quarter of an hour before the starting of the mail received a report that the party, sent by the Public Works Department to erect the posts on the boundaries settled upon by the Chinese Commissioners and Mr. STEWART LOCKHART, were stopped by the people who informed the party that if they attempted to erect a post they would kill them. The party returned. At the same time I received from Mr. WEI YUK, a member of the Legislative Council, a copy of a placard that has been posted in the district to be taken over, the translation of which I enclose. *

2. It is of the utmost importance that this movement shall be nipped in the bud. I have determined to proceed to Canton to-day to see the Viceroy and induce him to send troops forthwith to secure and punish the ringleaders and to protect the parties sent in to erect the posts. If this be not done there may be serious trouble. Should I not be successful in having it done, I shall probably proceed to take over possession without delay.

I have the honour to be,

Sir, Your most obedient,

The Right Honourable

JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN, M.P.

humble Servant,

HENRY A. BLAKE,

Governor.

ENCLOSURE No. 1.

Translation.

We hate the English barbarians who are about to enter our boundaries and take our land, and will cause us endless evil. Day and night we fear the approach- ing danger. Certainly people are dissatisfied at this and have determined to resist the barbarians. If our fire-arms are not good, we shall be unable to oppose the enemy.

So we have appointed an exercise-ground and gathered all together as patriots to drill with fire-arms. To encourage proficiency rewards will be given. On the one hand we shall be helping the Government; on the other we shall be saving ourselves from future trouble. Let all our friends and relatives bring their fire-arms to the ground and do what they can to extirpate the traitors. Our ancestors will be pleased, and so will our neighbours. This is our sincere wish. Practice takes place every day.

First prize:-One gauze coat. A packet of 1,000 crackers.

Second prize:-One pair of brown gauze trousers. A packet of 500

crackers.

Third prize:-One straw hat.

17th Day 2nd Moon. 25th Year of Kwong-sui (28th March, 1899),

A placard issued by the Yuk-on Hin ("Wish for Peace" library) of Ping- shán.

Translated by A. W. BREWIN.

(Telegram to Secretary of State.)

3rd April, 1899.

Yesterday I interviewed the Viceroy at Canton. He promised, after some demur, to send soldiers to protect the Chinese building the Police matsheds and to keep order in the district. I told him that, provided this was done, I would not take over till the 17th, but that after our occupation the Chinese Customs cannot function. I told him I am preventing the export of arms into China.

BLAKE.

* Enclosure No. 1.

17

7

(Telegram to Secretary of State.)

4th April, 1899.

Yesterday Mr. MAY went to Táipó Hü with 5 Chinese soldiers to whom the matsheds there were to be handed over. I received a message from him at mid- night last night that the villagers were threatening and that, while he would hold his position until morning, he urgently required immediate relief. I despatched, by Torpedo Boat Destroyer, 100 men of the Royal Welch Fusiliers with instructions to withdraw British subjects, but not, unless attacked, to adopt hostile attitude. The Force was accompanied by Mr. LOCKHART. He will warn the villagers of the danger of opposition and leave the Chinese soldiers in charge of the matshed until a sufficient Force has been sent to ensure sufficient protection of the workmen. 300 men were ordered to the district by the Viceroy on the 2nd instant, but they have not yet arrived. I do not apprehend serious trouble, but will not accept responsibility for preventing it until I take over the territory. This should be done on the 17th. In the meantime I have telegraphed this morning to the Viceroy, who, I believe, is acting in good faith, urging that men be sent without delay.

BLAKE.

(Telegram from Secretary of State.)

5th April, 1899.

I approve generally of actions taken by you. The British troops presumably are now withdrawn. Date of taking over is left to your discretion, but telegraph date you finally settle on that Her Majesty's Government may publish Order-in- Council here. Communications are being made to the Chinese Government with reference to the inability of the Customs Officials to function in British territory

or waters.

(Telegram to Secretary of State.)

CHAMBERLAIN.

6th April, 1899.

No British troops in territory. Official publication of Order-in-Council April 8; I take over April 17.

BLAKE.

·

·

No. 87.

SIR,

(Governor to Secretary of State.)

GOVERNMENT HOUSE, HONGKONG, 7th April, 1899.

With reference to my despatch No. 82 of the 1st instant,, I have the honour to inform you that on the 2nd instant I proceeded at 5.30 a.m. to Canton in Her Majesty's ship Fame and arrived at 10 o'clock, the Viceroy having informed the Consul that he would receive me at 11 a.m. I was accompanied by Mr. STEWART LOCKHART, Colonial Secretary, and the members of my staff. On proceeding from the Consulate to the Viceroy's Yamên, I found that preparations had been made for my reception that I did not expect. The streets for the two miles or so be-

8

tween the Consulate and the Yamên had been washed and cleaned, and were lined with troops throughout the entire distance. There were between 1,600 and 1,800 men, armed with muzzle loaders and rifles of various patterns, in addition to which a large proportion carried revolvers. I noticed that all the arms were quite clean and apparently well kept. The streets were decorated with flags on long poles and there were dense crowds who were perfectly respectful. I was received by the Viceroy with the usual ceremonies and at once entered upon the business of my visit, Mr. PITZIPIOS, the Vice-Consul, interpreting most admirably.

After some preliminary observations he remarked that the friendship between England and China had been of long standing; on which I assured him that England was China's best friend, and it was with the most friendly feelings that I had done myself the honour of visiting him to request his immediate attention to certain acts of intimidation and attempts to lead the people of the leased territory astray by an inflammatory placard that had been posted in many villages, a copy of which I handed to him with the name of the person who had written it. Knowing the friendly feelings of His Excellency and feeling that he would take immediate action, I had determined to bring the matter personally to his notice rather than telegraph to London and Peking that disorder was threatened in his Province. I therefore requested that the writer of the placard should be made answerable and punished.

He answered that he could not possibly find the person who wrote the placard. To this I demurred. He said I did not know China or I would realize the difficulty. I answered that I knew China sufficiently to know that if His Excellency wanted to find any person in his province that person would be forthcoming. He said the name given might not be the real culprit. Whom did I want punished? I an- swered that I had not come to him to demand the punishment of any person other than the real culprit, but to insure that the territory leased in extension of Hong- kong should not be allowed to become a prey to agitators pending the taking over of the territory by me; that I had postponed the taking over of the territory to the 17th instant for the purpose of having matsheds erected in which to house the officials and police who would be stationed there while proper houses and barracks were being built, and to give him time to arrange the stations for the Customs now that the boundary had been settled. On this His Excellency said that there was no occasion for erection of new Customs stations as the Customs would remain where they were. I answered that such a course was impossible. He said this country is only leased. It is China, and there is nothing about Customs in the Convention. I answered that whether leased, lent, or ceded, as soon as the British flag is hoisted it becomes for the time as effectually British territory as Government House, Hong- kong, and the Chinese Customs flags must be hauled down. I pointed out that all the waters of Mirs Bay and Deep Bay as well as the coast line to the Sonth becoming British under the Convention, it was impossible that the Chinese Customs authorities could act, as even if a vessel were found in these waters with contraband on board she could not be seized for having them in Chinese waters or territory, and if resist- ance were offered to search and life was lost the Customs officers would be put on their trial for murder in the Courts at Hongkong. He demurred at this, declaring in such a case that they would be tried in China; that if the Customs were to be moved the Convention was at an end; that the boundary question was not yet settled as he had not signed the delimitation, and other arguments. I pointed out to His Excellency that the provisional boundary had been settled by two officers regularly accredited and gazetted in Hongkong and Canton and was therefore in accordance with the Convention, and that if timely measures were not taken by him for the protection of that frontier China must suffer serious loss of revenue by smuggling.

His Excellency then said, "It is not in the Convention. I cannot remove them. If you insist on this then all is at an end. The Convention is at an end and there is no boundary."

"Your Excellency is mistaken," I answered. "The Convention has been made by the respective Imperial Governments. Neither you nor I can alter that.' "Is it then agreed that the boundary is as delimited?" he asked. I said, "It is.” (I had received the telegram from Peking that any further extension had been firmly declined.)

I then called His Excellency's attention categorically to my complaints. 1 said the people who were erecting the matsheds had been threatened and were obliged to cease working, and that this inflammatory placard handed to him was being extensively posted. I had no wish to use language that was not of the most

friendly character, but I felt it my duty to call upon him to take without delay the necessary steps, first, to have the placards removed and the person who wrote them brought to justice; second, to supply ample protection for the parties working on matsheds; third, to supply similar protection to parties surveying roads that we proposed to make for the benefit of the people. He said, "I will send a telegram to the San On Magistrate to do what you ask." I said, "I must demand some- thing more definite from Your Excellency. As for the San On Magistrate I can expect no help from him. I am informed by Mr STEWART LOCKHART, our Com- missioner for delimitation, that he has been only a hindrance and thrown difficul- ties in the way of delimitation on every occasion. I must beg that Your Excel- lency will yourself give the necessary orders, and I must also beg that I be in- formed that they have been obeyed by Tuesday next, otherwise I will proceed to hoist the British flag and take over the territory on Wednesday. At present I do not propose to do so until the 17th instant when the matsheds will be ready for occupation."

His Excellency, having consulted with several Mandarins at the table, said he did not think that all the men could be there before Wednesday. I said that I would not in that case make any move before Thursday, but while I knew how anxious His Excellency was to do everything in his power I was aware that in China orders are not always carried out with necessary promptitude. I would therefore impress upon His Excellency the necessity of my being informed on Wednesday that they had been carried out to prevent my acting on Thursday. I would also request that the San On Magistrate be ordered to personally visit the villages accompanied by other officials and issue a proclamation by order of His Excellency warning the people against disturbances or interference with any work- ing parties or surveyors. This His Excellency promised to do. I said I had a more pleasing duty to perform in assuring His Excellency that the Government of Hongkong had determined to bring in an Ordinance the effect of which, I hoped, would render opium smuggling into China almost impossible, and also that I had issued a proclamation under the provisions of which I had prevented the export of arms to China. His Excellency expressed much pleasure at this information.

The interview, which had lasted over two-and-a-half hours, then ended. His Excellency apologised for being unable to return my visit as I informed him that I was returning to Hongkong forthwith. During the interview the Audience Hall was crowded, the place being apparently open to all-comers. Immediately after my return to the Consulate two mandarins arrived bearing the Viceroy's cards, who said that urgent telegrams had already been sent in accordance with iny request. I left Canton at 4.45 p.m. and arrived at Hongkong at 10 p.m.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient, humble Servant,

The Right Honourable

JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN, M.P.,

&C.,

&c.,

c.

HENRY A. BLAKE,

Governor, &c.

(Governor to Secretary of State.)

No. 88.

SIR,

GOVERNMENT HOUSE, HONGKONG, 7th April, 1899.

At midnight on the 3rd instant, I received a memorandum from Mr. MAY, the Captain Superintendent of Police, who had gone to Tái pó Hi in Mirs Bay to relieve two Police Constables whom he had left in charge of the matshed being built there for the accommodation of Police and Officials pending the erection of per- manent buildings, saying that an attack had been made upon him by the inhabit- ants; that he would hold the matshed until morning, but that he required assist- ance. I may explain that matsheds are houses constructed of bamboo, the sides and roof being covered wth palm leaves.

10

2. He was accompanied by five Chinese "braves" sent with him in accord- ance with the promise made by the Viceroy to me that protection would be afforded by the Chinese Authorities to all such buildings and working parties, and had gone to remove the Police as I disapproved of placing our Police in an equivocal posi- tion lest there should be any conflict before the taking over of the extended territory.

3. I arranged with the Major-General Commanding and the Commodore to send a relieving force of 100 men as soon as steam could be got on a Torpedo Destroyer. They were accompanied by the Colonial Secretary to whom I gave the instructions enclosed and whose report I annex.† I enclose also the report ‡ furnished by Major-General GASCOIGNE, C.M.G., who himself accompanied the troops, and Mr. MAY, Captain Superintendent of Police. §

4. I have considered in Executive Council the question whether it would be advisable, in consequence of the threatening attitude of the people, to hoist our flag at once, and the majority of the Members agree with me that it is better to wait until the 17th. Mr. STEWART LOCKHART, whose knowledge of the people is great, and who has means of obtaining special information, is of opinion that this attack is part of a general movement against our occupation on the part of the "literati" who have hitherto lived by irregular "squeezes" from the people, and of the gam- blers and bad characters banished from Hongkong, and I am disposed to agree with him. But the heaviest punishment that we could inflict, even if we could define the offence of which the people have been guilty, remembering that we have so far no legal standing, would not equal the expense and discomfort of having to sup- port the Chinese soldiers sent into the district to-day by the Viceroy in fulfilment of his undertaking. The probable result will be to welcome our appearance on the 17th, instant with the disappearance of the Chinese troops. I know so little of the Chinese character and the possible action of their secret societies, that I find it difficult to judge of the probability of further disturbance, but the readiness with which the villages answered the signals to assemble render a reconsideration of the Police distribution necessary, as for the present it will be expedient to have fewer stations of parties so large that they will be able to repel any attack. It will also be advisable to have for a time a Military detachment in the district which can be arranged as the regiments can do their military training by companies there, and before the season is over we shall be in a better position to judge of the require- ments of the extended territory.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient,

humble Servant,

The Right Honourable

JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN, M.P.,

&c.,

$c.,

&c.

HENRY A. BLAKE, Governor, &c.

ENCLOSURE No. 1 in GOVERNOR'S DESPATCH OF THE 7TH APRIL, 1899.

(Governor's Instructions to Colonial Secretary of the 3rd April, 1899.)

HON. COLONIAL SECRETARY,

Midnight, 3rd April, 1899.

The interpreter who was with Mr. MAY has returned with a note saying that he and his party of Sikhs and Chinese were attacked by the villagers of Tái Pó Hi and that he has retired to the matshed at Tái Pó Hü which he will hold until morning. I have requested the General to send a Force of 200 men and the Commodore to have steam on two Torpedo Boats as soon as possible.

You will accompany the party and take immediate Civil charge of the expedition. So far as I can gather from the Interpreter who brought the note, there has been no actual attack, only a riot. About 40 to 50 men assembled with

* Enclosure No. 1.

† Enclosure No. 2.

Enclosure No. 3.

§ Enclosure No. 4.

stones and threatened Mr. MAY and his party. I desire to avoid any hostilities except as a defensive measure or so far as may be necessary to relieve Mr. MAY should you find him attacked. He has sent for the San On Magistrate.

You should communicate with the Kowloon Authority and request him to send 200 men forthwith and protect the matshed. You will, so soon as an answer has been received, withdraw Mr. Mar's party, leaving the responsibility of protecting the matshed to the Chinese. I do not desire to assume any responsibility in the matter until I have taken over the territory.

HENRY A. BLAKE,

You can explain the position to the villagers and warn them of the danger of their proceedings.

ENCLOSURE NO. 2 IN GOVERNOR'S DESPATCH OF THE 7TH APRIL, 1899.

(Colonial Secretary's Report of the 5th April, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

HONGKONG, 5th April, 1899.

In pursuance of the instructions from Your Excellency, a copy of which is attached, I started about 2.35 a.m. on the 4th instant from Government House and proceeded with Mr. Ts or on board a Police pinnace to Kowloon City which was reached about 3.30 a.m.

The Colonel-in-Command there was at once aroused from his slumbers and informed by me of the situation at Tái pó Hü (A). At my request he promised to telegraph to the Viceroy at Canton and to send special messengers to the San On Magistrate and to Major FONG, the Officer-in-Command of the 300 Chinese troops, to be despatched to various points in the newly leased territory. I left Kowloon City at 4 a.m. and went on board H.M.S. Whiting at 4.17 a.m. which was waiting in Kowloon Bay in accordance with an arrangement previously made with His Excellency the General Officer Commanding, Major-General GASCOIGNE, C.M.G. As soon as we got on board, the Whiting started for Tái pó Hü and I read my instructions to His Excellency the General Officer Commanding.

We passed the Lyemoon Pass at 4.38 a.m. A dense fog came on at 5 a.m. and ten minutes later the Whiting had to stop to take soundings. After soundings had been taken she proceeded at a speed of about 20 knots.

At about 5.30 a.m. she ran against the rocks at Fung Head, south of the entrance of Mirs Bay.

Considering how dense the fog was and the speed at which_the_Whiting had to proceed, in view of the urgency of her mission, Commander KELLY showed great presence of mind under very difficult circumstances.

The Whiting reached Tolo Harbour at 9 a.m. and anchored at a distance of a little more than 2 miles from the point where the matsheds were situated.

The party had disembarked at 9.45 a.m. and marched at once along the north shore of Tolo Harbour for Tái pó Hü which was about 4 miles distant and which was reached at 10.45 a.m.

On seeig our appnroach many of the villagers took refuge in the hills, but some of the elders of the village and the custodian of the temple in the village were brought to the temple and questioned.*

It was ascertained that the villages of Chá Ilang (H), Lam Ts'ün (* (林 村),Úulu (碗陶), Shin Wan (船灣), Cheung Shi Tan (樟樹灘), Pan Chung (逆漏),Nam Hang (南坑), and Fan Ling (分籲) had taken art in the opposition offered to Mr. MAY and his party.

The custodian of the temple informed us that Mr. MAY and party returned early in the morning by boat to Sha Tin.

The temple-keeper at first professed ignorance of the whole affair, but when some of the personal effects of the Indian Constables and a sun helmet were found in the temple he became more communicative.

The other elders said they knew nothing of the matter.

* Names not printed.

12

P

Having left the elders and the custodian of the temple in the temple under the custody of a guard of soldiers, we made a visit to Pan Ch'ung (), the village adjacent to the spot where the matsheds were erected, but the door of every house in the village was locked from the outside and not a person could be found.

Even the female occupants of an isolated house not more than 200 yards away. from where one of the matsheds had been burnt said they knew nothing of the affair.

The shed, where the workmen who built the sheds lived and to which Mr. MAY retreated when driven from the temple, had been burnt down and the remains were still smouldering when we arrived.

A post was found near the spot where the matsheds had been burnt down with the characters Chung Fuk Shing Hó (5) on one side and Chung Fuk Shing Hó Wai (5) on the other, meaning that the site belongs to Chung Fuk Shing (), which shows that the man claimed the property

as his own.

The elders who had been left in the temple were brought down to the point on the shore where the burnt shed had been erected.

On their arrival His Excellency the General Officer Commanding addressed them stating that soldiers despatched by the Viceroy would arrive shortly and deal with those who had been guilty of attacking Mr. MAY and his party and of burning the matshed, and that His Excellency the Governor would take over the territory on the 17th instant, when any disturbance would be promptly suppressed and the rioters punished.

The elders then retired.

H.M.S. Fame and two torpedo boats arrived after the troops had landed. The party re-embarked on board H.M.S. Whiting and Fame and, having started at 2.20 p.m., reached Hongkong at 4.40 p.m.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART, Colonial Secretary.

1

L-

SIR,

ENCLOSURE No. 3 IN GOVERNOR'S DESPATCH OF THE 7TH APRIL, 1899.

(From Major-General W. J. Gascoigne to Ilis Excellency the Governor.)

HONGKONG, 5th April, 1899.

I have the honour to report for Your Excellency's information that about midnight on 3rd and 4th April, 1899, I received a communication from Your Excellency informing me that Mr. MAY, Captain Superintendent of Police, was hemmed in by a crowd of unfriendly natives in the neighbourhood of Tái pó Hü and that he required to be at once released. I at once communicated with Lieutenant-Colonel MAINWARING, Commanding 2nd Battalion Royal Welch Fusi- liers, who arrived at Head-Quarter House in a remarkably short time. Subse- quently at about 1.50 a.m., I received from Your Excellency the attached order* to send troops to relieve Mr. MAY. I ordered out 100 men of the Royal Welch to be at Murray Pier in an hour's time to be ready to embark in any craft which could be prepared at so short a notice. At 2.30 a.m. the men were at Murray Pier ready for embarkation with food and ammunition. Owing to Your Excellency's forethought I found a number of police launches ready at the Pier, and having, by means of them, ascertained that 11.M.S. Whiting was able to accommodate the whole party and that H.M.S. Fame could not be ready till 4.30 a.m., I ordered the troops to embark on H.M.S. Whiting, and H.M.S. Fame to follow later as a des- patch boat. I, with my staff, accompanied the troops on the Whiting. The Colonial Secretary, Honourable Mr. STEWART LOCKHART met me on the Pier and informed me that it was Your Excellency's desire that he should first proceed to Kowloon City to confer with the head man there; get an interpreter, and then proceed with me in the Whiting which was to wait for him at Kowloon City. Mr. STEWART LOCKHART accomplished his mission in a remarkably short time and came on board at 4.30 a.m, and we at once started. The night was exceedingly foggy; so thick

* Enclosure No. 1.

13

that it was a matter of the utmost difficulty to proceed at all. But as speed was of the utmost consequence, our information being that Mr. MAY was in extreme difficulty, Commander KELLY with my entire concurrence made all the speed possible. At about 6 a.m. he had the misfortune to strike a rock, twisting the bow plates, but not otherwise doing any serious damage. I can only say that in this accident no blame whatever in my opinion was attributable to Commander KELLY who had either the alternative of anchoring owing to the darkness (in which case Mr. MAY and his party might have been murdered) or else pro- ceeding to their rescue at a certain amount of risk. Of the two evils the latter was the least, and I venture to emphasize to Your Excellency that, in my opinion, Commander KELLY was not to blame in the least, but on the contrary en- deavoured to carry out the exigencies of the situation in the best possible way. Owing to the dense fog the troops did not arrive till 9 a.m., and there being but two small boats the landing of the whole party was not completed till 9.45 a.m. There was a distance of nearly 4 miles to be traversed in a very hot sun. An advance guard was formed, and at 10.45 a m. the column arrived at Tái pó Hü City. Mr. STEWART LOCKHART on arrival asked me to halt the column at the Temple and with the aid of the troops but without the least violence some 9 or 10 of the leading inhabitants, shopkeepers, and others were brought to the temple and there questioned separately as to what had become of Mr. MAY and his party. At first they denied all knowledge of him but gradually on being questioned separately they began to give detailed information with the result that we were satisfied that no positive injury had been inflicted on Mr. MAY's party; that he and all with him had made good their escape; but that the matshed in which he had been was burnt to the ground. Satisfied of this, I assembled these men and, having taken their names, I informed them through the interpreter that their own Viceroy would deal with any damage already done with the utmost severity, and that on and after the 17th, when it would become my duty under Your Excellency's orders to take over the District, any disturbance would be promptly quelled. I am satisfied that the prompt arrival of the troops has impressed the inhabitants, and I am convinced that no further trouble will arise in this particular place though I am averse for the present to small isolated unarmed parties proceeding about at their will.

I have to record my high sense of the tact and judgment displayed by Mr. STEWART LOCKHART in eliciting information most unwillingly given; and the interpreter whom he brought with him was simply invaluable owing to his profi- ciency in both English and Chinese and his knowledge of the system of dealing with the natives. Finding that it was unnecessary to remain longer, I ordered the re- embarkation of the troops and returned to Hongkong at about 5.30 p.m.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

W. J. GASCOIGNE, Major-General,

Commanding in China and Hongkong.

ENCLOSURE No. 1 IN REPORT OF GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING TO GOVERNOR DATED 5TH APRIL, 1899.

(Governor to General Officer Commanding.)

MY DEAR GENERAL,

MIDNIGHT, 3rd April, 1899.

I think a Force of 200 men ought to go. The Colonial Secretary will ac- company them

So far as I can learn the villagers did not attack. They, to the number of 40 or 50, assembled with stones. This is only an ordinary riot so far and I am anxious to avoid any bloodshed or interference involving responsibility. until I take over the place. I shall therefore instruct the Colonial Secretary to bring back Mr. MAY and his force leaving the Chinese soldiers to guard the matshed, and telegraph to the Viceroy to have two hundred men sent at once for that purpose. It will be time enough for us to act when we have assumed responsi-

14

bility. I have requested the Commodore to get steam on the Torpedo Destroyers which will be the quickest means of getting there, and it is well to have a good show of force. But have a prudent Officer in Command, remembering that at present we are practically trespassing.

Sincerely Yours,

H. A. BLAKE.

SIR,

ENCLOSURE NO. 4 IN. GOVERNOR'S DESPATCH OF THE 7TH APRIL, 1899.

(Report by Captain Superintendent of Police to Governor.)

POLICE OFFICE, 4th April, 1899.

I have the bonour to report that yesterday morning I proceeded to Tái pó via Kowloon City and Sha Tin where I hired a small junk and sailed to Tái pó, with an escort of 4 Sikh policemen, 5 Chinese soldiers from Kowloon City, and a Chinese interpreter. My object was to inspect the matshed under construction at Tái pó for the temporary accommodation of Police, to withdraw the Police guard, and exchange it for the Chinese soldiers, 5 more of whom were to follow the next day, and to interview the village elders regarding the site of the matshed.

I arrived at Tái pó at 3 p.m. and proceeded to the temple where the elders hold their meetings, and was met by them there.

The temple, in spite of the endeavours of Police and soldiers to the contrary, soon became filled with a noisy and turbulent crowd, so that it was almost impossible to hear oneself speaking. I gathered from the elders that they objected to the erection of the matshed on the ground that it would spoil the Fung Shui of the neighbourhood.

I pointed out to them that at first the inhabitants of Tái pó had not objected at all to the erection of the matshed, and that, in deference to the wishes of the neighbouring village of Pan Ch'ung-the nearest village to the hillock on which the matshed is built,-the site of the shed has been changed from that originally selected by me to one which the elders of Pan Ch'ung had themselves approved and marked out in my presence.

One of the elders then said that the hill was his private property- he being the third party that has now claimed the hill-and I told him, as I have told the other claimants, that if he could produce an official title deed of the hillock the Hongkong Government would purchase the property from him. He remarked that as it had been handed down to him by his ancestors he could not possibly consent to sell it.

After some further discussion, which was continually interrupted by the bystanders (some of whom became very offensive in their language and demeanour), the elders asked if I would remove the matshed to another site or not, to which l replied that the site it now stood on having been chosen by the representatives of the village nearest to it and declared free from objection on the ground of interference with Fung Shui, it would not be reasonable to again change it. I added that Government would pay the rightful owner for the property.

Thereupon most of the elders left the temple and I managed to induce most. of the crowd to do the same. Some, however, refused to move, and presently a man from outside rushed in and hurled a brick on the pavement of the temple yard so that it broke into pieces. Then another came in and called on the bystanders to arrest my Chinese interpreter for being a traitor to his country in endeavouring to assist the foreigners in obtaining possession of it. After a little time the people seemed to have become more quiet, and I judged it expedient to try and get away from the village. Myself, the Sikh Police, and the Chinese who were with me stepped out of the temple into the street in a body and proceeded leisurely to the village. Thereupon a nian in the crowd struck the interpreter a violent blow with his fist on the back, and another seized him by the queue and endeavoured to drag him from my party.

This a Sikh constable prevented, whereupon a brick was thrown from the crowd which struck him on the head. Bricks were now showered upon us by the crowd from a pile that unfortunately lay in the street, and nearly all of my party were

:

}

12

15

struck, one Sikh receiving a severe blow over the eye. We continued to retire slowly and the next moment some of the crowd seized wooden articles among which I noticed a chair, a wooden bucket, and a bamboo broom with which they attacked us. During this time the five Chinese soldiers, who had been standing outside the temple while we were inside, were separated from us by a portion of the crowd, and the use of wooden weapons rendering our position dangerous I ordered the Sikhs to draw their sword bayonets and charge.

This had the effect of driving the crowd back and the soldiers were thus enabled to join us. This they promptly did, and placing themselves between us and the crowd and keeping the latter at bay with the muzzles of their rifles enabled us to retreat to the outside of the village whither the crowd did not follow us.

We re-gained our boat at the landing-place close to the newly erected matshed which is about a quarter of a mile from the village.

From there I sent the Chinese interpreter, the two Chinese District Watchmen, who had been guarding the matshed during erection, and a Chinese detective I had with me back to Hongkong as the crowd seemed to have more animosity against the remainder of the party, and as I wished, if possible, to save the matshed from the destruction which would inevitably overtake it unless it were guarded, I determined to remain by it all night with the 6 Sikh policemen and 5 Chinese soldiers.

I sent a memorandum to His Excellency the Governor at the same time stating briefly what had occurred and what I had decided to do, and asking for

assistance.

The Chinese party left at 4.45 p.m.

When darkness came on I disposed my party for the night on the hill where the matshed is, and I felt sanguine that the villagers would not attack it while my party were there. In this, however, I was disappointed, for, after some slight alarms evidently intended to frighten us, I noticed at 9 p.m. lights being exhibited in each of the five surrounding villages, and lights travelling along roads leading to the rear of our position. Soon afterwards two large bombs were exploded in the centre of the valley, and shortly after that, I could hear parties whistling and signalling to each other, and evidently concentrating on the matshed hill; and the numbers being evidently large, I recognised that it would be folly for me to resist. I asked the Chinese soldiers, however, to try the effect of a few shots from their rifles in the air, but they objected to doing so. Thereupon I withdrew my party to a higher hill adjoining the matshed hill, from which I knew that I could get access to a road by which to retreat to Sha Tin. From this hill I watched the villagers, at a given signal, rush from all sides on to the matshed hill and heard them cry out-" They have gone!" I then saw them fire the matshed, and while they were engaged doing so I withdrew my party down the reverse slope of the hill upon which we were and concealed them in a dense thicket of rushes and cactus. After waiting some two hours, I heard parties of villagers passing close to where we were concealed, and after midnight when everything seemed quiet in my neighbourhood I gained the road to Sha Tin and took my party to a safe distance along it and awaited daylight.

I subsequently made my way to Sha Tin by boat, and as I saw no signs of the relieving Force I started for Hongkong at 7 a.m., as the Sikh Police had had nothing to eat for twenty-four hours, and the Chinese soldiers were thoroughly tired out.

What struck me most in the above incident was the evidently organized manner in which members from the surrounding villages concentrated to take part in the attack on the matshed. This is, no doubt, a method of the clans in which the leased territory abounds, adopted both for offence and defence.

It was difficult, owing to the darkness of the night, to estimate the numbers who took part in firing the matsbed, but there must have been between 100 and 200 men.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your obedient Servant,

The Honourable

THE COLONIAL SECRETARY.

F. H. MAY.

16

(Telegram to Secretary of State.)

11th April, 1899. Her Britannic Majesty's Consul, Canton, forwards despatch from Viceroy, in which he says, as Customs stations are to be removed, he refuses to hand over on 17th. I have already issued a proclamation in the New Territory to the effect that I will take over on that date and all other necessary arrangements have been completed. Our prestige would be seriously affected by any re-arrangement now and I shall therefore make no change in the course contemplated.

BLAKE.

(Telegram from Secretary of State.)

11th April, 1899.

I approve of the course contemplated in your telegram of to-day's date.

CHAMBERLAIN.

(Telegram from Secretary of State.)

Sent-11th April, 1899, (10.25 p.m.). Received-12th April, 1899.

A request has been forwarded here from Sir R. HART that the officers of the Imperial Chinese Customs may be allowed to occupy the Ch'eung Chan, Capsui- moon and Fotouchow stations until October, by which time new quarters should be ready for them. If you concur in this, which I consider not unreasonable, you should inform Her Britannic Majesty's Minister at Peking of your concurrence on the distinct understanding that occupation is not delayed beyond October and that only these three stations are retained.

CHAMBERLAIN.

(Telegram to Secretary of State.)

12th April, 1899.

In reply to your telegram of yesterday's date I agree that the three stations mentioned should be occupied by the Customs officials pending further arrange- ments. But the Attorney General advises me that no power can be given them to function in the territories or waters of the Colony; and the Chairman of the Chamber of Commerce points out that such functioning would severely check the circulation of local trade within the Colony. Traffic to Deep Bay would be seriously interfered with by any station S.E. of Ling Tin Island or Chek Wan Bay and the same would apply to the trade on the E. side, with reference to a station in that Quarter. The Customs officials were warned of the impending change two months ago.

BLAKE.

(Telegram from Secretary of State.)

14th April, 1899.

Pending further arrangements, but in no case beyond October, the Customs Stations referred to in my telegram of the 11th instant must remain occupied. You should inform Her Britannic Majesty's Minister at Peking of this arrangement, urging earliest possible withdrawal. Your proposal to assume possession on the 17th approved.

CHAMBERLAIN.

[Note.- Above telegram repeated to Peking, 14th April, 1899.]

...

17

(Telegram to Secretary of State.)

14th April, 1899.

Have informed Peking. Am I to understand Customs Officers can function in the territorial waters of Colony pending removal?

(Telegram from Secretary of State.)

BLAKE.

16th April, 1899.

The Imperial Customs Officials will have no legal status. They will be in same position as those within Hongkong itself. R. HART.

Communicate this to Sir

(Governor to Secretary of State.)

CHAMBERLAIN.

No. 93.

SIR,

GOVERNMENT House, HONGKONG, 15th April, 1899.

Referring to my despatch No. 88 of the 7th instant, I have the honour to inform you that, up to the 12th instant, everything appeared to proceed quietly in the neighbourhood of Tái pó Hü, where the erection of matsheds was being proceeded with presumably under the protection rendered by the Viceroy after his interview with me on the 2nd instant.

2. On the 10th instant, I received an intimation from the Secretary of Legation at Peking that he had, in accordance with instructions received from Her Majesty's Government, informed the Chinese Government that their Customs could not function in the territory or waters of the Colony.

3. On the 11th instant, I received from Her Majesty's Consul at Canton the despatch * addressed to him by the Viceroy, of which, with my reply, † I enclose a copy. A reference to my despatch No. 87 will show how extremely improbable it is that the Viceroy could have misunderstood my statement about the Customs.

4. On Wednesday, the 12th instant, nine of the elders of Tái pó Hü district came in to kowtow to me and present a petition, ‡ a translation of which I enclose, praying for clemency. I said, in reply, that the property destroyed must be paid for, to which they agreed. I promised that, if that were done, I should accept their statement that the people had been led astray by some designing people and were sorry for what had occurred and that no further action would be taken in the matter. They expressed themselves as being satisfied with the cession of the territory to England, and I explained to them fully the system of local government that I proposed to adopt, which seemed to please them. I also informed them of the proposed arrangements for hoisting the flag at Tái pó Hü on the 17th, and expressed a hope that the elders and people of the district would attend and hear what I had to say to them.

5. The reports from the district were that everything was quiet, the people civil, and the work of erecting the matsheds was progressing rapidly so that they would be ready for occupation on Monday next.

6. I had arranged all the details of the Force to be stationed in the new territory for the present, Major-General GASCOIGNE co-operating most cordially. The twenty police who were to be stationed at Tái pó Hi were to proceed to-day and take up their quarters so as to be in readiness for Monday's ceremony, and a Company of the Hongkong Regiment was also to proceed to-day and remain under canvas, while on Monday half the Battalion will proceed and encamp in the neighbourhood on an excellent camping ground where they will go through their annual military training.

7. Yesterday morning the Director of Public Works had an intimation from one of the respectable inhabitants of the district that a number of rowdy characters had collected in the valley and, as there was no protection at all now given to the matsheds, he was afraid that, if left unprotected, they might be burnt before Mon-

* Enclosure No. 1.

Enclosure No. 2.

Enclosure No. 3.

1.

18

day. On hearing this, I at once despatched Mr. MAY, the Captain Superintendent of Police, with the party who are to be stationed at Tái pó Hü to occupy the quarters, the Commodore kindly sending them to Mirs Bay by a torpedo destroyer. When they arrived they found but the smouldering remains of the matsheds, which some of the villagers declared were burnt during the morning by a number of bad characters from over the border. On the summit of the hills to the North Mr. MAY saw about 150 men with two flags, one of them apparently a Japanese flag, who exploded bombs and crackers. Mr. MAY and the party returned.

8. Having obtained from the General the loan of the necessary number of tents, I have sent Mr. MAY and his party back to-day with the Company of the Hongkong Regiment to encamp on the ground and have the flagstaff erected. I have directed the Director of Public Works to proceed without delay with the erection of the permanent buildings. I do not think there is any probability that this Force will be attacked. They will not take notice of any demonstration on the opposite hills except an attack be made, pending the formal assumption of jurisdiction on Monday. After that we shall make our jurisdiction respected.

9. The Viceroy having undertaken to protect those matsheds, I submit that the Chinese Government is responsible for the damage done and should be called upon to make good the amount. The district is well known in Canton to be turbulent, that to the N.E. of Mirs Bay being noted for piracy, and so ill-disposed that I am informed that no Customs official dares to land there except with the support of a revenue cruiser.

10. I regret this occurrence very much and I cannot help connecting it with the letter* of the 11th instant written by the Viceroy to Her Majesty's Consul at Canton. Up to that date the relations with the people were most friendly. I apprehend that with the large population of Sham Chun and its neighbourhood marching into our borders and unrestrained by the Chinese Officials, there may be difficulties ahead. We must only be patient and forbearing, at the same time sup- pressing at once any active opposition to our jurisdiction under the terms of the Convention of the 9th June, 1898.

I have the honour be,

Sir,

Your most obedient,

humble Servant,

HENRY A. BLAKE,

Governor, &c.

P.S.-I have the honour to enclose herewith a copy and translation of a pro- clamation issued by me and circulated in the leased area. †

The Right Honourable

JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN, M.P.

ENCLOSURE NO. 1. IN GOVERNOR'S DESPATCH No. 93 OF THE 15TH APRIL, 1899.

(Mr. Consul Mansfield to Colonial Secretary, Hongkong.)

BRITISH CONSULATE, CANTON, April 10, 1899.

SIR,

I have the honour to enclose copy and translation of a despatch which I have this day received from the Viceroy and which he has requested me to bring to the notice of His Excellency the Governor.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

The Honourable

THE COLONIAL SECRETARY,

Hongkong.

R. W. MANSFIELD,

Consul.

* Sec enclosure in Mr. Consul Mansfield's Letter to Colonial Secretary, Hongkong, of the 10th April, 1999.

Enclosure No. 4.

1:

19

ENCLOSURE.

(Translation.)

SIR,

(Viceroy T'an to Mr. Consul Mansfield.)

April 10, 1899.

I have the honour to acknowledge receipt of your despatch stating that the Governor of Hongkong proposes to take over the New Territory on April 17.

The Kowloon Kuan is Chinese territory, but, on account of the friendship existing between England and China, it has been leased to England. On April 2, when the Governor of Hongkong came to Canton to see me, I firmly insisted that the Customs Stations could on no account be removed, to which the Governor of Hongkong personally agreed. Just as he was leaving, I again said that it was not necessary to allude to the question of the removal of the Customs. The Governor of Hongkong also said that it was not necessary to mention this again, and that he had only to ask me to send soldiers to the place to restore order. I forthwith sent 600 men take up their quarters at Kowloon, thus paying due regard to friendly relations.

Yesterday in a telegram (marked Yen) from the Tsung-li Yamên it was stated that a despatch had been received from the British Minister to the effect that the Chinese Customs could not be allowed to remain within the New Territory. Thus the agreement made between WANG WEI-YUAN and Mr. LOCKHART and the state- ments of the Governor of Hongkong, made at the interview of April 2, are in- sufficient as proof, and we will cease to discuss the proposition to take over the territory on the 17th.

I beg you to at once inform the Governor of Hongkong that it will be needless for him to proceed to Kowloon on the 17th.

No. 22.

I have, &c.,

[Seal of Viceroy.]

ENCLOSURE NO. 2 IN GOVERNOR'S DESPATCH No. 93 oF THE 15TH APRIL, 1899.

SIR,

(Colonial Secretary, Hongkong, to Mr. Consul Mansfield, Canton.)

COLONIAL SECRETARY'S OFFICE,

HONGKONG, 13th April, 1899.

I am directed to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 10th instant enclosing copy of a despatch addressed to you by the Viceroy on the subject of the removal of the Chinese Customs from the New Territory leased to Great Britain by the Chinese Government.

His Excellency the Governor regrets to find that the Viceroy has so entirely misunderstood the repeated statements made to him on the subject at the interview between their respective Excellencies on the 2nd instant, as nothing could have been more distinct than the Governor's emphatic statement to the Viceroy that the Customs' Stations could not be permitted to remain in the leased Territory.

Under authority received from Her Majesty's Government, His Excellency the Governor has made arrangements to take over the administration of the leased Territory on the 17th instant, and will hoist the British Flag at 1 p.m. on that date at Tải pó H.

His Excellency will, therefore, be glad if His Excellency the Viceroy will depute an Officer of suitable rank to be present at the ceremony as a mark of the cordial relations that exist between the two nations.

As the entire administration will be assumed by this Government on the 17th instant, the necessity for the presence of Chinese troops in the New Territory will cease on that date and their place will be taken by British troops and Police.

The functions of all Chinese Officials will, of course, cease at the same time, and no doubt arrangements will be made by the Viceroy for their withdrawal on the 17th instant.

20

In communicating the above to the Viceroy, I am to ask you to be good enough to again express to His Excellency an expression of the Governor's thanks for the promptitude with which His Excellency sent troops to maintain order in the New Territory pending His Excellency the Governor's assumption of the Government.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Colonial Secretary.

HER BRITANNIC MAJESTY'S CONSUL,

Canton.

ENCLOSURE NO. 3 IN GOVERNOR'S DESPATCH No. 93 OF THE 15TH APRIL, 1899.

Translation of Petition.

We, the gentry of the 39 villages of the Tát Tak Community of the Ping Shán District, beg to present this humble petition stating the cause of the recent trouble and begging for pardon.

Last month His Excellency the Governor of Hongkong issued instructions for the erection of a Police matshed in our district. At that time we had not re- ceived any proclamation from the British Government nor from the Chinese Gov- ernment so that through want of information we became suspicious and unsettled in mind. A few lawless rascals spread wild reports which misled the villagers. They said that the Fung Shui of the district will be injuriously affected by the erection of a matshed and that when the territory is taken over by the English Government a Sanitary Board will be created; that a poll tax will be levied; that licences will be required for keeping domestic animals; that our marriage customs and funeral ceremonies will be altered; that the cutting and gathering of firewood will be prohibited. The ignorant villagers believed this to be true and the feeling of alarm became so general that the inhabitants of Kam T'in, Ün Long, Ha Ts'ün, Shap Pát Héung, Castle Peak, and other villagers determined to make things diffi- cult for the British Officers.

We. your humble petitioners, were at first misled but afterwards came forward to explain matters and give good advice to the inhabitants. But they not only would not listen to us but heaped much abuse on us and forced us to take the lead. We knew that if, on the one hand, we complied we should offend against those in authority; while if, on the other, we refused compliance we should be beaten to death by our fellow-villagers. Being in such a quandary, we were constrained to assent. Afterwards we received the proclamations issued by His Excellency the Governor and the Viceroy and numerous letters from our friend in Hongkong, Mr. NG SUI-SHANG, in which he vigorously refuted the false reports which had been spread. Your petitioners then at the risk of their lives undeceived the people by telling them the facts of the case and they became somewhat more settled.

Your petitioners know that their offence is such that they ought not to es- cape punishment, but the clemency of the Government of Her Majesty the Queen is so great that we hope that a leniency which the law does not allow may be mer- cifully extended to us.

Knowing that you, Sir, are ever ready to act as peace-maker and are willing to endeavour to save people from extreme danger, we come forward to state the cause of the recent trouble and beg you to transmit our petition to the Honour- able Colonial Secretary so that he may submit it to His Excellency the Governor. We humbly pray that His Excellency may be pleased to examine it and mercifully grant us pardon so that when we return to our villages we may use every exer- tion to remove the doubts of the people.

12th April, 1899.

To the Honourable WEI YUK for transmission to the Colonial Secretary and submission to His Excellency the Governor.

Translated by J. H. STEWART LOCKHART.

>

ENCLOSURE NO. 5 IN GOVERNOR'S DESPATCHI NO. 93 OF THE 15TH APRIL, 1899.

Translation of the Chinese Proclamation issued by His Excellency Sir Henry A. Blake, G.C.M.G., Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Colony of Hongkong

and its Dependencies and Vice-Admiral of the same.

Whereas His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of China has leased to Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, as an extension of the Colony of Hong. kong, certain territory situated in the district of San On, and certain Islands adjacent thereto, the boundaries of which are as hereunder stated, viz. :---

The Northern boundary commences at the point of high water mark in Mirs Bay where the meridian of 114° 30' East bisects the land, and follows that high water mark to a point immediately to the West of Shat'aukok, and then follows the road along the Northern edge of this town till the middle of a stream becomes the boundary as far as the road to Kang Hau. From Kang Hau to about a quarter of a mile West, of Kang Tó the Northern edge of the road is the boundary. From this point to the mouth of the Sham Chun river the Northern bank of the Sham Chun river forms the boundary. From the mouth of the Sham Chun river the boundary follows the high water mark along the coast of Deep Bay till the point where the meridian of 113° 52′ bisects the land.

The Eastern boundary is 114° 30′ East Longitude. The Western boundary is 113° 52′ East Longitude. The Southern boundary is 22° 9′ North Latitude.

All the islands situated within those boundaries are within the leased area as are all the waters of Mirs Bay and Deep Bay.

And whereas ier Majesty has been graciously pleased to appoint me as Governor of the said territory, and whereas it is desirable that British and Chinese territory should be clearly defined so that the friendly relations now existing between the two nations may be always maintained.

Now, therefore, I have fixed the 17th day of April, 1899, as the date on which the British flag shall be hoisted and the administration of the territory be taken over by duly authorized British Officers.

To remove any cause for suspicion in your minds as to the good intentions of the British Government and to prevent you from being deceived and misled through ignorance by false reports disseminated by lawless persons who may seek to further their own interests by thus causing trouble, it is right for me to warn you against such persons and to assure you that all the inhabitants residing within the limits of British territory will be permitted to follow undisturbed their lawful occupations, whatever they may be.

I would also impress upon you that this territory having been leased by His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of China to Her Britannic Majesty the Queen, as subjects of Her Majesty's Empire, your commercial and landed interests will be safe-guarded, and that your usages and good customs will not in any way be interfered with.

It is the wish of Her Majesty the Queen that all her subjects in every part of the world shall be prosperous and happy, and it will be my duty to assist you to improve your position by every means in my power. The most respected of your elders will be chosen to assist in the management of your village affairs, to secure peace and good order and the punishment of evil-doers. I expect you to obey the laws that are made for your benefit and all persons who break the law will be punished severely.

It will be necessary for you to register without delay your titles for the land occupied by you, that the true owners may be known. Should any land be required for public purposes it will be paid for at its full value.

Remember that as subjects of the Great British Empire your perfect_freedom from oppression is assured. Should you have any complaint to make the Governor will always be willing to hear it and to order what is right. There will be no injustice allowed, nor any laxity in the administration of justice. All must render implicit obedience.

22

(Telegram to Secretary of State.)

15th April, 1899, 6 p.m.

Some rowdies at Tái pó Hü have burnt the matsheds which the Viceroy pro- mised to protect. Twenty police who are intended for the station there and a Com- pany Hongkong Regiment have encamped there with a view to making arrangements for the hoisting of the flag on Monday. Mr. LOCKHART hears that the people are restive and that many rowdies from the districts immediately North of the leased area have come down with the intention of giving us trouble and opposing our taking possession. I hope this will not prove to be the case. I have instructed the troops to take no steps unless attacked, in which case they have orders to assert our authority.

BLAKE.

(Telegram from Secretary of State.)

15th April, 1899.

Take any steps you think necessary in dealing with the possibilities for- shadowed in your telegram of to-day's date.

CHAMBERLAIN.

Telegram to Secretary of State.)

16th April, 1899, 1 a.ın.

The Officer Commanding troops at Táipó informs me that on landing he was received with musketry fire from a force of 1,000 men (with guns) who had occupied the surrounding hills. Our men returned the fire. No casualty reported. I have sent out half a battalion of the Hongkong Regiment to re-inforce the Company there. A Chinese official whom the Viceroy sent here to-day assures me that the opposing forces are not Chinese troops, and I have further telegraphed to the Viceroy demanding a direct assurance to this effect. I have reason to believe that opposing forces consist of rowdies from the Districts immediately North of the boundary of the New Territory. After consultation with the Attorney General I have decided to hoist the flag on the 16th.

BLAKE.

(Telegram to Secretary of State.)

16th April, 1899, 6 p.m.

Further with reference to the skirmish at Táipó mentioned in my previous telegram of to-day's date. Lieut. KEYES, R.N., landed a party from Her Majesty's Ship Fame and joined the Company Hongkoug Regiment and the police. After the Fume had shelled the enemy's position, Captain LONG, D.A.A.G., advanced against the eneny's shelter trenches, which had evidently been carefully prepared and cleared them out. No casualties; a Chinese flag was captured by the Hong- kong Regiment. The Secret Societies, worked from their head-quarters at Sham Chun, are probably largely responsible for the present trouble, and the premature arrival of troops and police alone prevented a catastrophe through these people opening fire on the mixed company that would have attended the ceremony of hoisting the flag to-morrow.

BLAKE.

(Telegram from Secretary of State.)

17th April, 1899.

I

approve of telegrams of yesterday's date.

your measures to deal with the events mentioned in your two

CHAMBERLAIN.

A

1

23

(Telegram to Secretary of State.)

17th April, 1899.

I am informed that a large number of men lined the hills at Castle Peak yesterday and fired upon a pleasure party that had gone there from Hongkong. A number of strangers are said to be terrorizing the villages. Two silk flags were yesterday presented to me by village representatives-one for transmission to Her Majesty The Queen, and the other to be used at the ceremony of hoisting the flag

here.

BLAKE.

(Telegram to Secretary of State.)

18th April, 1899.

A further attack was made yesterday by the rebels, which the British Forces successfully repulsed. Two guns were captured.

(Telegram to Secretary of State.)

BLAKE.

19th April, 1899.

The Army and Navy yesterday made a combined attack upon the rebels and successfully dispersed them. No casualties reported. I hope that trouble may now be practically over and have issued a reassuring proclamation. By Saturday, I hope to be able to report complete quiet.

(Telegram to Secretary of State)

BLAKE.

21st April, 1899.

I have been able to make satisfactory local arrangements with reference to the Customs Question.

(Telegram to Secretary of State.)

BLAKE.

25th April, 1899.

BLAKE.

Disturbances reported at an end-Villagers returning to work.

HONGKONG.

No. 96.

(Secretary of State to Governor.)

DOWNING STREET,

26th May, 1899.

No. 66, 17th March. No. 82, 1st April. No. 87, 7th April. No. 88, 7th April. No. 93, 15th April.

SIR,

I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your despatches of the num- bers and dates noted in the margin having reference to recent occurrences in the newly-acquired Territory.

2. These matters have formed the subject of telegraphic correspondence, and you have already therefore received my instructions from time to time as to the action to be taken in each particular case.

3. I have been glad to learn from the latest telegraphic reports that matters are now generally quieting down, and that you do not anticipate much further difficulty in establishing and preserving order throughout the new Territory.

4. I need hardly say that I have followed the course of events with the utmost interest; and it has been a great satisfaction to me to learn that no lives have been lost on the British side during any of the operations. The complete success of these has, I cannot doubt, been largely owing to the promptness of action dis- played by yourself and by all concerned. Both Mr. LOCKHART and Mr. Max, the latter of whom must have at one time been in a somewhat perilous position, appear to have acted with much energy and intelligence; and you have been ably supported by the military and naval forces at your disposal. I have had pleasure in bringing to the notice of the Secretary of State for War and the Lords Commissioners of the

24

Admiralty the prompt and efficient services rendered by Major-General GASCOIGNE and the troops under his command and by the Naval Officers entrusted with the transport of the troops.

5. I am in expectation of further despatches from you as to the progress of affairs in the New Territory.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient, humble Servant,

Governor,

Sir H. A. BLAKE, G.C.M.G,

&c.,

&c.,

&c.

J. CHAMBERLAIN.

No. 105.

SIR.

(Governor to Secretary of State.)

GOVERNMENT HOUSE, HONGKONG, 27th April, 1899.

I have the honour to forward for your information and consideration the enclosed copy of a letter* from the Secretary to the Hongkong Chamber of Com- merce expressing the views of the Committee of that Body in relation to the recent armed resistance offered to British occupation of the New Territory.

I am addressing you in a separate despatch on the subject.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient, humble Servant,

The Right Honourable

JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN, M.P.,

&c.,

&c.,

&c.

HENRY A. BLAKE,

Governor, &c.

SIR,

ENCLOSURE No. 1.

(Secretary, Chamber of Commerce to Colonial Secretary, Hongkong.)

HONGKONG GENERAL CHAMBER OF COMMERCE,

HONGKONG, 21st April, 1899.

In view of the disturbances now taking place in the New Territory, which there is good reason to believe have been engineered or assisted from Chinese terri- tory, I am instructed to ask you to be good enough to lay before His Excellency the Governor the following opinions and suggestions of my Committee:-

1. That having regard to the fact that the New Territory is obviously liable to be overrun by banditti who are either not amenable to Chinese authority or whose acts the mandarins find it convenient to ignore or disavow, it is essential to the preservation of good order in the Colony, and to consolidate our position, that the northern boundary shall be clearly defined by natural features and include within it the town of Sham Chun.

2. That recent occurrences have convincingly demonstrated the inutility, if not the actual mischievousness, of mandarin influence, and furnish excellent reasons for the removal of the Chinese officials from Kowloon City, which otherwise will remain a focus of intrigue against the authority of the Hongkong Government.

3. The Committee would further suggest that, as the suppression of these disturbances will entail a heavy outlay, it would not be unreasonable for Her Majesty's Government to demand the extension of the lease of the New Territory for a longer period than 99 years, if not the complete cession thereof.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

Hon. J. H. STEWART LOCKHART, C.M.G.,

R. CHATTERTON WILCOX,

Colonial Secretary.

* Enclosure No. 1.

Secretary.

1

No. 107.

SIR,

25

(Governor to Secretary of State.)

GOVERNMENT HOUSE, HONGKONG, 28th April, 1899.

The late unfortunate disturbances in the leased area render it expedient that I should place you in possession of all the facts bearing upon the present situa- tion:

2. It will be remembered that there has been considerable delay in arranging for the delimitation of the Northern boundary. In August last year the entire district was visited by Mr. STEWART LOCKHART whose able report has been considered by you. Immediately after his arrival from England on the 3rd February, I entered upon the consideration of the details of administration of the New Territory, while the question of the boundary was being discussed between Her Majesty's and the Chi- nese Governments. All the details of the additional establishments, number and location of police, necessary public works, &c. were determined by the time when the boundary was fixed on behalf of the two Governments by Deputy WANG and Mr. STEWART LOCKHART on the 14th March.

3. On the 24th March Mr. MAY, the Captain Superintendent of Police, pro- ceeded to Tái pó Hü and selected a site for a station. On the 31st March he again visited the place and found the framework of a matshed erected by the contractor, who had, however, ceased to work as he was ordered to desist by the villagers. I may observe that matsheds are temporary structures of bamboo poles, rafters, and floors with sides and roof of palmn leaves. They are put up without nails and very rapidly and are strong and watertight.

1. On being appealed to by the village to remove the matshed as its position would interfere with their "Fung Shui" or good luck, he declined to do so or con- sider the matter until they permitted the workmen to proceed, so work was resumed. On the next day he returned, and in deference to the objections of the villagers he asked them to point out another site, which they did, on which he ordered the frame to be taken down and removed to the new site. As soon as the workmen had well begun on the new shed they were resisted, upon which a mes- sage was sent to the Colonial Secretary, Mr. STEWART LOCKHART.

5. On that day Mr. STEWART LOCKHART came to me bringing with him an inflammatory placard that was, according to the information given to him, being posted in the villages of the leased area. A copy of this placard was transmitted with my despatch No. 82 of 1st instant. At the same time the information was given to me that the workmen erecting the matsheds were stopped by threats. Mr. STEWART LOCKHART, who has a long experience in China, said that the consequences of the issue of this placard and the stoppage of the work of erecting the matshed would be very serious. He suggested that I should send him to Canton to see the Viceroy, as not a moment should be lost. I concluded that if it was necessary to see the Viceroy I had better see him myself. I telegraphed to the Consul at Canton that I desired to see the Viceroy next day, and next morning started from here at 5 a.m., taking Mr. STEWART LOCKHART with me. Up to that time, although apparently everything was friendly in the New Territory, we were only on sufferance in erecting matsheds, and it became evident that if the Viceroy would not accept responsibility for their protection I must either defer any preparation for the ac- commodation of the police, or apply for authority to take over possession without further delay.

6. I have reported the circumstances of my visit to the Viceroy in my des- patch No. 87 of 7th instant. He accepted all the responsibility for the protection of the matsheds which involved his permission to erect them, and, in accordance with his promise, telegraphed at once to the Colonel stationed at Kowloon to pre- pare for 300 men who were to proceed to any portion of the leased area desired by this Government, so as to afford protection to the matsheds being erected, and also to surveying parties, and generally to preserve order. These soldiers were sent down within three days, and the places to which we wished them to be sent were indicated by the Colonial Secretary. The Viceroy also issued a proclama- tion to be posted in various villages calling upon the people to be of good belia- viour and stating that the area had been leased to Great Britain by the Emperor of China. Thus the entire responsibility for the peace and good order of the leased area was undertaken by the Viceroy, as I was determined not to send any armed men into the Territory until I was about to take possession.

:

26

7. On the evening of the 1st April, Mr. MAY returned and reported to me that the contractor's men had stopped work and come away, so he had left two Indian police and two Chinese in charge of the sheds in course of erection and the materials. I disapproved of leaving any armed men in Chinese territory and directed him to withdraw them. He said that he had promised the villagers to return, and would go himself and withdraw them, feeling that possibly an explanation with the people, when their tempers had time to cool, would settle matters without further trouble.

8. Accordingly, early on Monday morning, the 3rd instant, he proceeded to Tái pó Hü, calling at Kowloon en route and taking with him five Chinese soldiers to whom, under the instructions of the Viceroy, was to be handed over the protec- tion of the matshed and the workmen. Additional soldiers were to be sent on as soon as they had arrived from Canton. Mr. MAY took with him six unarmed Sikh police, merely a formal escort as is usual in China. At 12 midnight I received a pencilled note in Mr. MAY's pocket book, brought by one of the Chinese who had been left at the matshed, in which he said that he was attacked by a mob and would hold the matshed until morning, but urgently required relief. I requested Major- General GASCOIGNE to send a Force to relieve him, and at 3.30 a.m. Major-General GASCOIGNE proceeded himself in Her Majesty's ship Whiting, accompanied by Mr. STEWART LOCKHART, and taking with him 100 men of the Royal Welch Fusiliers. Of the two matsheds partially erected they found one burnt, but the principal one was untouched. The people informed them that Mr. MAY and his party had left for Hongkong, so they returned. In the forenoon Mr. MAY returned and reported that he and his party had been assailed with stones and other missiles, and seeing, after 9 o'clock, that signals were being shown and drums beat indicating a general concentration of villagers, he retreated over the hill, and remained con- cealed until morning, seeing, as he thought, both matsheds on fire. He heard a general advance upon the hill, upon which he had first taken up his position. He reported that the Chinese soldiers sent in with him had behaved

very well.

9. I immediately telegraphed to Her Majesty's Consul at Canton as follows:-

"Thank Viceroy for prompt orders to Kowloon. Inform His Excellency that British official and men with five Chinese soldiers were attacked this evening at Tái pó Hü. Ain sending a Force to relieve them and remove them leaving protection of property to Chinese Government. Request Viceroy to order sufficient Force to be sent without delay to preserve order and fully protect workers. A considerable Force will be necessary. I have directed the relieving Force now proceeding in one of Her Majesty's ships not to do more than relieve British subjects, except they are attacked."

I telegraphed again on the 5th as follows:-

"Inform Viceroy troops not yet arrived, neither has San On Magis- trate issued Viceroy's proclamation. The names of ringleaders Monday's attack given Kowloon authority but instructions from Viceroy to San On Magistrate to arrest guilty parties necessary. Please request that instruc- tions be given."

10. In response to those telegrams, I was informed that 600 soldiers had been sent into the leased area to preserve order. Immediately after the occurrence I considered the position in Executive Council and decided not to take over the ter- ritory until the 17th as the occurrence seemed to be nothing more than a sudden affray, and as the Viceroy had accepted all the responsibility and undertaken to afford protection, the contractor could go on and re-construct the matsheds. The contractor resumed work and finished the matsheds on the 14th instant sufficiently to enable them to be occupied.

11. On the 7th instant, I issued a proclamation in Chinese* a copy of which I annex, and published a notice in the Gazette that I would take over the Territory in accordance with Her Majesty's Order-in-Council. On the 17th, I also informed the Viceroy through Her Majesty's Consul. By general desire the day was pro- claimed a public holiday and large numbers of the inhabitants of Hongkong of all classes intended to be present.

12. All this time Mr. STEWART LOCKHART was assured by Chinese, to whom he looked for information, that the people were all anxious that we should take over the Territory, the gentry alone being antagonistic.

Already printed.

27

13. On the 14th, Mr. STEWART LOCKHART received information from an inhabi- tant of Tái pó Hu that the matsheds were quite unprotected, and as there were rowdies about it would be well to have them occupied lest some mischievous person should burn them. As it was intended that the 25 police to be stationed there, with a Com- pany of the Hongkong Regiment, should march over on Saturday, the 15th, to have things in readiness for the ceremony of hoisting the flag, I determined to send the police in at once by launch. When they arrived they found a heap of smouldering ruins. They returned and reported the matter, and, still under the impression that the burning of the matsheds was simply an act of wanton mischief, I directed the police to return next morning, taking tents, and also the Company of the Hongkong Regiment with instructions that they were to hire some coolies and have the débris cleared away. It was evident that the Viceroy had not afforded the protection in accordance with his undertaking; but the cost of the matshed was a comparatively unimportant matter.

14. On the arrival of the police and troops, they observed large numbers of apparently Chinese troops in uniform, who were in position on the hills to the north of Tái pó Hu village. There was also a battery of guns mounted in a regular emplacement. These people opened fire, which was sustained for a consider- able time, until the arrival of Her Majesty's ship Fame, with Captain LONG, Deputy Assistant Adjutant General, who had gone round to arrange the position of the camp. The Fame landed a party of 16 men under Lieutenant KEYES, R.N., who joined the Forces engaged on the hill. The Fame then opened fire on the Chinese position and the troops and blue-jackets advanced, clearing away the assailants who were regularly entrenched, and capturing a flag which has on it an inscription showing it to be the flag of one of the local land Forces of China.

15. On receiving intelligence of the serious turn that events had taken, Major- General GASCOIGNE proceeded to the spot himself, with three Companies of the Hongkong Regiment and one Company of the Asiatic Artillery. He was accom- panied by Mr. STEWART LOCKHART who was instructed by me to hoist the flag on arrival and to read Her Majesty's Order-in-Council and my proclamation so as to make our position regular. Early on the morning of the 16th, I telegraphed to the Consul at Canton requesting him to inform the Viceroy that the British flag had been hoisted, and to request that all Chinese soldiers and officials, except the Customs officials, might be removed from the leased area, to which request from the Consul His Excellency sent a verbal message that he declined to give any reply. A short time after the hoisting of the flag, the entire Force was again at- tacked, but the firing was from such a distance that no casualties occurred, and when the troops proceeded to attack in turn the Chinese dispersed. General GASCOIGNE returned on Sunday afternoon and reported that he apprehended no serious difficulty.

16. On Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday the troops were moving to the westward to search some village in which it was reported that nine men were im- prisoned who had come in from Ping Shán district to Hongkong on the 12th instant to present a petition to me praying for clemency on account of the first burning of the matsheds. On each day they were attacked. On Tuesday, the attacking Force consisted of 2,600 men who, in the neighbourhood of Kam Tin advanced across the open in excellent skirmishing order against two Companies of the Hongkong Regiment until they were within 300 yards, when they broke and fled. This was the last attack and was repulsed with some loss, which would have been much heavier had not the fire been humanely controlled when the assailants fled. Two guns were taken in Monday's pursuit, and six other guns were found thrown into a deep pond at Ping Shán.

17. Since then the villagers acknowledge that in their resistance they were hopelessly beaten, and Mr. STEWART LOCKHART reports that they are now return- ing to work.

I have instructed him to make every effort to beget confidence and to remove the idea that we have come to change their customs or to confiscate their land.

18. This is a narrative of the events of the 19 days in the New Territory. But there are other facts that have a direct bearing upon the whole matter. It will be remembered that there was a difficulty about the question of the retention of the Customs stations in the leased area, as I pointed out that by the automatic action of the Convention the Chinese Customs officials could not continue to exercise their functions while the leased area remained under British jurisdiction, to which the Viceroy demurred. On the 10th instant, the Viceroy informed the Consul that there was no use in my proceeding to hoist the flag on the 17th instant as he declined

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to hand it over, because the Chinese Customs were not to be allowed to remain within the New Territory. To that despatch, after receiving your approval, I replied that under instructions from Her Majesty's Government I would proceed at 1 p.m. on the 17th to hoist the British flag, and invited His Excellency to name an Official of suitable rank to be present at the ceremony. On the 15th, I was informed that Deputy WANG, who had been the Chinese Commissioner for the delimitation of the boundary, had been sent down by the Viceroy with 300 soldiers to Kowloon. On receipt of the message from Captain BERGER, of the Hongkong Regiment, that he was opposed by the Chinese troops with guns, I sent for Deputy WANG, and demanded to know if these men were Chinese troops. He said "No," adding that the Viceroy had sent him down to see that 300 men should be placed in the New Territory to "protect it" until I took it over. I told him that I bad determined to hoist the flag next morning and that all Chinese soldiers and officials must leave the leased area. On the 17th, the Commissioner of Imperial Customs conveyed to me that Deputy WANG wished to see me, and shortly after he waited upon me accompanied by Mr. HILLIER, the Chinese Commissioner of Customs. Deputy WANG was anxious to discuss the Customs question about which he had evidently been sent down, but I declined to enter upon the subject. I told him that I could not permit Chinese troops to remain in the Territory and at Kowloon, and could not understand why the Viceroy should have considered it necessary to send to Kowloon an additional force of 300 men two days before the date on which I announced that the New Territory would be taken over.

He pressed the question for some time, and in the course of his remarks said something which the Chinese Customs Commissioner did not translate saying it was mere folly, but Mr. MANSFIELD, Her Majesty's Consul at Canton, who was present, at once interpreted it as a statement that the 300 soldiers had been sent down to protect the Customs. I told him that it was necessary that these men should be withdrawn; he promised to telegraph to the Viceroy, and, if no answer was returned, to go to Canton himself, although from the known state of the Viceroy's feelings he had little hope of obtaining the necessary authority to move. I made it clear that it would be necessary for the soldiers to withdraw whatever the state of the Viceroy's feelings. Deputy WANG stated that there were several parties of soldiers stationed all through the Territory which he would order to come to Kowloon. I said that those should be ordered to retire to Sham Chun rather than to Kowloon, to reach which place they would be obliged to march across the Territory and over the hills.

19. I have stated that my proclamation was posted in different parts of the leased area on and after the 7th instant. In the absence of Mr. STEWART LOCKHART, who is in the New Territory, I cannot say what arrangement was made for posting it, but I presume that some native of the district was employed to post them in the usual manner. On the 20th instant, I received a petition from a wife of a man named CHEUNG-TSOI who was, it appears, employed to post those notices. He had posted, or distributed some, for evidence since forthcoming shows that when the leaders were declaring for resistance they said that this man must be killed if he returned to his village from Hongkong, where he then was, with any more proclamations. The evidence goes to show that early on the morning of the 18th he left Hongkong for Castle Peak Bay en route for his village of Ha-Ts'ün. At the time a large number of the people, who had been called to arms, were assembled at Castle Peak Bay. It is not clear if the man carried any of my proclamations with him, but he was seized at Castle Peak Bay and sent as a prisoner to his village where he was confined in the meeting-house. After the defeat at Kam-Tin the leader, whose name is known, with others, came to Ha-Ts'ün, beat the man, and then shot him; put the body in a pig basket and flung it into the river. The body was subsequently found with a chain tightly fastened round the neck, and several shot wounds. Apart from the attack upon the troops this is the only outrage that has taken place during the week after the 15th instant.

20. In searching this meeting-house Mr. STEWART LOCKHART has discovered several letters,* which show the course of events previous to the outbreak of violence. And he has further obtained the statements of two of the leaders in the movement, who have submitted and expressed contrition. The statements and the letters show a state of clan feeling and power of combination not unlike that of the Scottish bighlands two centuries ago, and it is evident that there was no secrecy whatever in the clan meetings and public discussions on the question of resistance. Nor there was any secrecy in the manner in which help was asked for and given by affiliated societies in the turbulent district north of the border. They could

* See Enclosures in Colonial Secretary's Minute to Governor dated 24th April, 1899.

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29

not have come down as they did in considerable numbers, without the knowledge of the Viceroy's officials at Sham Chun, where they had to cross the river by a ferry. Nor could the warlike preparations have been made without the knowledge and connivance of the 600 troops which the Viceroy acknowledges that he placed in the leased area "to preserve order." The emplacement for guns and the entrenchments at Tái pó Hi were never made by peasants without some direction from a person having military training of some sort.

21. Two of the letters found in the meeting-house mention Major FoNG, who was one of the Viceroy's officers, in charge of the Forces for the "preservation of order." One letter would appear to show that the Viceroy wished to warn the people, but the other contains the significant hint that Major FONG "will not in any way use force but will freely allow all the villages to carry out their own settled plans."

22. During the entire proceedings I have been careful to treat the Viceroy and his authorities with a scrupulous regard for international obligations. The result has shown an utter disregard of the responsibility assumed by the Viceroy of Canton, and a serious loss of life; for it is idle to ignore the fact that the assail- ants have suffered serious losses in their four days' hopeless contest against disci- plined Forces. Nor can I look upon such needless loss of life with equanimity. The statements of NG KI CHUNG and TANG KOK LAM and the letters found in the meeting-house show that those people possess some of the qualities that make good subjects, and, foolish as their opposition may have been, with exception of the murder of CHEUNG Tsor after the fight at Kam T'in, their action displayed no moral turpitude. With Her Majesty's Government rests the decision whether any, or what notice, shall be taken of violated promises involving grave loss of life, serious expense, and inevitable feelings of acerbity on the part of the people of the New Territory, with whom it was iny most earnest desire to establish relations of friend- ship and confidence from the moment of my assumption of the Government.

23. I attach the documents mentioned in the enclosed list relating to the subject of this despatch.

24. I venture to hope that you will convey to the Naval and Military Authorities my warm acknowledgments of the cordial co-operation of Major- General GASCOIGNE and Commodore POWELL but for whose instant and effective action matters might have been much more serious. Lieutenant-Colonel THE O'GORMAN, Deputy Assistant Adjutant General, Captain LONG, Deputy Assistant Adjutant General, and Captain BERGER have had arduous duties which have been cheerfully and readily performed; and Lieutenant GOODENOUGH, R.N., Lieutenant KEYES, R.N., and Lieutenant KELLY, R.N., have performed the duties entrusted to them with conspicuous zeal. The active and judicious assistance of the Fame on the evening of the 15th bore a large share in the repulse of the attacking Chinese. I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient,

humble Servant,

The Right Honourable

JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN, M. P.,

&c.,

&c.,

fc.

HENRY A. BLAKE, Governor, &c.

LIST ABOVE REFERRED TO.

Colonial Secretary's Minute, 16th April, 1899.

Colonial Secretary's Minute, 20th April, 1899.

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Messages (6) 17th to 20th April, 1899. Governor's Minute.

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(Colonial Secretary to Governor.)

15th April, 1899.

YOUR EXCELllency,

I am informed that the disturbance in the neighbourhood of Tái pó Hii has assumed a more serious aspect and that there are about 2,000 men collected in the neighbourhood of Tái pó Hü for the purpose of resisting the British.

The 2,000 men come from districts north of Sham Chun and are supposed to be the remnants of the followers of CHUNG SUI-YEUNG and SÜN YAT-SEN, who tried to create a rebellion in the Kwangtung province. In addition to the 2,000 men at Tái pó Hü, there are at least 1,000 men scattered throughout the New Territory, who are said to belong to the Triad Society. A large number of people from the neighbourhood of Sham Chun have also crossed into the Territory under the pretence of looking on, but are ready to take a hand in the fight if the insur- gents are successful at the beginning. It is the intention of the people collected at Tái pó Hü to fire from the hills on our troops. The villagers are on the whole favourably disposed towards us, but the superior force of the rowdies has compelled them to join the movement against their own inclination and to subscribe in money and kind towards the support of those ready to resist.

Should any success attend those who wish to resist, they will be joined by all the villages in the New Territory and by the inhabitants of the neighbouring districts of Tung Kun and Kwai Shin. Two of the men sent to post the Governor's proclamation in Chinese have been seized and detained at Kam T'in Hü and in the Sháp Pát Heung District. The Chinese who kotowed at Government House have been, it is alleged, locked up in their own village and have been forced to give supplies of fowls, pigs, &c. to the insurgents. My informant predicts that there will be trouble as soon as the troops arrive and that the insurgents will try to "snipe" our soldiers from the hillsides.

The above information has been given to me by Mr. NG SUI-SHANG, who is well acquainted with the New Territory and its inhabitants, and has given me great assistance at various times.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Colonial Secretary.

(Captain Superintendent of Police to Governor.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

16th April, 1899.

Yesterday at 4.30 p.m. I landed with my party of Police expecting to find the Hongkong Regiment Company on the ground which I had described to Captain BERGER. Immediately on landing we were fired on, and the fire being heavy and missiles flying overhead, I sent back Mr. MUDIE and his party, who had the flagstaff, and took up a position to cover the retreat of that party.

The Chinese then began to advance, and as some bullets fell close to us I had to return the fire. The Hongkong Regiment then came up and the rest has been reported, I believe, by Captain LONG. Late in the evening the Hongkong Regiment captured a standard which may help to identify the persons who were opposing

There was at least one casualty on the Chinese side.

us.

I shall get the flagstaff up to-day and hope to get tents fixed for my men, but much time has been lost with the difficulties of landing.

F. H. MAY.

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(Governor to Colonial Secretary.)

HONGKONG, 16th April, 1899.

HONOURABLE COLONIAL SECRETARY,

You will please proceed to-day to Tái pó Hi, and there hoist the British flag. When you have done so you will read aloud the Convention of 9th June, 1898, and Her Majesty's Order-in-Council of 20th October, 1898.

Ou your arrival you will report on the situation and keep me regularly in- formed. The machinery of the Executive should be got into working order as soon as possible.

H. A. BLAKE.

(Colonial Secretary's Minute of the 16th April, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

TÁI Pó Hü, 16th April, 1899, 3 p.m.

I have just hoisted the British Flag in the presence of the General Officer Commanding and Staff, the Commodore, and the Colonial Officers and 500 men of the Hongkong Regiment, and a Battery of Asiatic Artillery. Salutes were fired by H.M.S. Brisk and Fame and by the Battery of Artillery. I read the Order-in- Council and Convention after the flag had been hoisted.

All is quiet here at present.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART.

?

(Colonial Secretary's Second Minute of the 16th April, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

TÁI Pó Hü, 16th April, 1899.

It

I scribbled a short pencil note to you immediately after I had hoisted the flag. The ceremony passed off very successfully considering how rapidly all arrange- ments had to be made. Salutes were fired from the shore and afloat by H.M.S. Brisk and H.M.S. Fame which were dressed. I have arranged that the British ensign is to be hoisted every day at sunrise and lowered at sunset.

The troops here and the police are in good health and excellent spirits. Mr. MAY is staying on board the Wing Fu with me as are also two European members of the Police Force-a Sergeant and a Constable-and Mr. Ts'or and my Chinese writer. I propose to keep the Wing Fu here until our tents on shore have been erected. is anticipated that they will be in position to-morrow. I also propose to keep the Praya here for the present and to retain Mr. MUDIE at Tái pó so that he may superintend the construction of a bamboo jetty which is essential in order to facilitate landing arrangements. The Director of Public Works should know this. The General Officer Commanding is remaining behind and we will together concert a plan of travelling throughout the territory without delay. So far as I can gather, the General Officer Commanding wishes the troops to rest to-morrow, but I will report later on what is decided. It is impossible to ascertain whether there were any casualties last night. There are many rumours, but without further examination, it would be unwise to rely upon them. Everything is quiet at present. I am sending this by the launch Lee On, which will start from here at 5.30 p.m.

Commander KEYES has taken my pencil note written in situ, directly after I had hoisted the flag, which is now flying to the breeze.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART.

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(Colonial Secretary's Minute of the 17th April, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

TÁI Pó Hü, 17th April, 1899, 6.30 a.m.

Everything passed off quietly last night. We fancied we heard the sound of firing in the distance, but the Military have not made any movement, so we may have been mistaken in thinking the sound we heard was firing. I hope we shall be able to get our tents erected to-day. The Wing Fu is not altogether adapted for the accommodation of so many Europeans and Chinese as have now to live on board of her. I will meet the General Officer Commanding early this morning when we will arrange a plan of action. I think the General Officer Command- ing wants the Troops to rest to-day. A flag has been captured by the Hongkong Regiment with Chinese characters on it. They are of importance and I will deal with this matter in a further memo. to-day. I am sending this to Sha Tin by a Police launch. It will be taken over the Kowloon hills by a messenger.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Colonial Secretary.

(Colonial Secretary's Second Minute of the 17th April, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

Tái có Hü, 17th April, 1899, 8.30 am,

I attach herewith a sketch of the flag captured by the Hongkong Regiment in the trenches on the hills to the North of Tái pó Hü on the evening of the 15th instant.

The flag has a red border and a white centre on which are seven Chinese characters, meaning:-

Trainband sanctioned by the Government: Tai K'ai (Village): surname Man."

The village referred to which is also known by the name of T'ai Háng (A) is situated in the Lam Ts'un () Valley, N. W. of Tái pó Hü, from which place the village in question is distant about 2 miles.

The village is inhabited by the Man clan.

It is important to note that "the trainband" is established by Government sanction. This clearly shows that "the trainband" should have been controlled by the officials of the Government.

It is, of course, possible that the flag may have been used without authority, but I have reason to believe that the head of this Man clan has been actively supporting the insurgents with money and food. He promised to come to Hong- kong to beg for pardon, but never appeared on the plea of old age.

I recommend that the Government of China be called upon for an explanation. I am sending this by special messenger who will proceed by launch to Sha Tin and walk over the hills to Kowloon. I will take steps to discover the where- abouts of the head of the Man clan.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Colonial Secretary.

ENCLOSURE IN COLONIAL SECRETARY'S SECOND MINUTE OF THE

17TH APRIL, 1899.

太溪泰

SKETCH OF THE FLAG CAPTURED BY THE HONGKONG REGIMENT

IN THE CHINESE TRENCHES ON THE HILLS TO THE NORTH OF TÁI PÓ HÜ ON THE EVENING OF THE

15TH APRIL, 1899.

35

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(Colonial Secretary's Third Minute of the 17th April, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

THE CAMP, TẢI Pó Hi, 17th April, 1899, 10.20 a.m.

The villages in the neighbourhood of Tái pó Hü are practically deserted and difficulty is being experienced in obtaining coolies. I have landed and am now waiting in the Camp for the General who has gone to Fong Ma Pó to inspect a site for a Camp there. Mr. MAY and Mr. Ts'or are here with me, and H.M.S. Humber is just coming to anchor at about a distance of 11⁄2 miles from the Camp.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART.

(Colonial Secretary's Fourth Minute of the 17th April, 1899.)

THE CAMP, TẢI PÓ H, 12.25 p.m.

I have just had an interview with His Excellency the General Officer Com- manding. He has decided to establish a permanent Camp at Fong Ma Pó in the Lam Ts'ün valley. He hopes to have the permanent Camp established by to- morrow evening, and to have the troops ready for movement on Wednesday next.

As regards the labour question, His Excellency the General Officer Command- ing will explain the position. If force has to be used to obtain labour, I presume such force must be exercised by the Military, but, of course, only after every effort has been made to persuade coolics to work willingly. I have received Your Excellency's message instructing me to return to the meeting of Legislative Council to-morrow, if possible. I have consulted the General Officer Commanding, who thinks it very desirable for many reasons that I should remain here. I am of the same opinion, so propose to remain. I am endeavouring to get as much informa- tion as I can in this neighbourhood, which I do not propose to leave until Wednes- day when the troops can be moved from the permanent Camp. On that day I will proceed to Un Long.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART.

(Colonial Secretary's Fifth Minute of the 17th April, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

THE FLAGSTAff Hill, Tái pó Hü, 17th April, 1899, 2.50 p.m.

Will you

Since writing my first letter, there has been further firing on the part of the Chinese. His Excellency the General Officer Commanding is returning to Hong- kong and will give full particulars. I have had a further conference with the General Officer Commanding and he will explain what his wishes are. kindly cause the Director of Public Works to be informed that our beds have not reached us? As the troops are engaged to-day, I fear our tents will not be erected by this evening, in which case it will be necessary to retain the Wing Fu. The Harbour Master should know this.

J. II. STEWART LOCKHART.

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36

(Colonial Secretary's Sixth Minute of the 17th April, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

TÁI PÓ CAMP, 17th April, 1899, 11.15 p.m.

The engagement to-day bas ended by BERGER reaching Sheung Ts'ün in the Pát Heung Valley and by SIMMONDS being stationed at San Uk-tsai, four miles from here. Major BROWNE, R.A M.C., has returned and his account of the action is that the Chinese had chosen their positions well and that if they had only fired well, the British troops would have fared very badly. BROWNE is wounded slightly and so is a private. No other casualties on our side. The casualties on the Chinese side cannot be ascertained, but some men have been killed. SIMMONDS is stationed at San Uk-tsai in a position commanding both valleys. BERGER wishes to advance to-morrow. I am strongly of opinion that the most effective manner of dealing with the situation is for troops to be landed from Hongkong at Castle Peak and for them and BERGER to advance simultaneously, whilst the Fame could co-operate from Deep Bay. The leading villages which have been chiefly instrumental in creating the disturbance are Kam Tin, Ha Ts'ün, Un Long, and Ping Shán. My information is that these villages are determined to resist. I think they should be brought to reason, especially Kam Tin, which is an old offender. So far as I can ascertain, the Chinese soldiers who engaged our troops are not regulars, but some more flags have been captured by BERGER which I will examine carefully when they are brought into camp. MAY went with a body of l'olice and a detachment of the Hongkong Regiment to take ammunition to BERGER. Major BROWNE reports that MAY had just arrived at Sheung Ts'ün before he left. A body of blue-jackets and marines has landed from the Humber and is now encamped on Flagstaff Hill. The Peacock is anchored in Tolo Harbour. I have been on shore all day and will remain with Colonel THE O'GORMAN in camp all night, so as to know what messages are sent from Hongkong before daybreak. I hope troops will be sent to co-operate with BERGER. Dr. THOMSON and Mr. MESSER arrived by the Humber, and are sleeping on board the Wing Fu.

Pending the present trouble it will be impossible to make any progress with our administrative arrangements, and if the trouble continues I see no reason why the two Officers referred to should remain here.

It is raining slightly which will not tend to make life here any more pleasant than it has already been.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART.

(Governor's Minute of 17th April, 1899.)

HONOURABLE COLONIAL SECRETARY,

Under the circumstance explained by General GASCOIGNE I approve of your not coming in. You will remember in the operations that the New Territory comes within the terms of the Arins Ordinance and no person in that territory is entitled to have or possess arms. It will therefore be your duty to discover any arms and confiscate them. The troops acting in support of the Civil l'ower will have authority to search and disarm. As to the movement of the troops, in the suppression of active opposition and armed attacks upon Her Majesty's Forces, you will be guided entirely by the General Officer Commanding who returns to Tái pó Hu this evening. I am informed by Deputy WANG that there are some Chinese soldiers stationed in the district, who have not yet received orders to remove. I shall ask for inforina- tion as to the towns and villages to which they have been ordered. If you find them in those villages in the number stated you will direct them to proceed forthwith 10 Sham Chun except that you find them participating in any movement against our authority, in which case they should be made prisoners. In the event of prisoners being taken with arms in their hands they should be forwarded to Ilongkong.

*

I send copies of last two letters from the Viceroy. As the troops advance it may be well to pitch on the best site for the police station near Kam Tin without regard to the local objection.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

* Enclosures Nos. 1 and 2.

37

ENCLOSURE No. 1 IN GOVERNOR'S MINUTE OF THE 17TH APRIL, 1899.

(Viceroy Tan to Mr. Consul Mansfield.)

15th April, 1899.

SIR,

I am in receipt of your despatch stating that the Governor of Hongkong had written to the effect that I had altogether misunderstood him with regard to the question of the Customs Stations discussed at our interview.

During our interview on April 2, the Governor of Hongkong first said that the Customs must be removed. I strongly insisted that they could on no account be removed. When the Governor was leaving, I asked if the delimitation was to be regarded as settled. His Excellency replied that it was. I again said that it was not necessary to again refer to the question of the removal of the Customs. The Governor replied that it was not necessary to again refer to it. I regarded this as conclusive. The words are still in my ears and I did not misunderstand.

I am again sending Taot'ai WONG TSUN-SHIN to Hongkong to personally confer and take action, and I shall feel obliged if you will inform His Excellency the Governor of this.

I have, etc.,

[Seal of the Viceroy.]

ENCLOSURE No. 2 IN GOVERNOR'S MINUTE OF THE 17TH APRIL, 1899.

(Translation.)

SIR,

(From Viceroy T'an.)

17th April, 1899.

I have received your Note informing me that you had received a telegram from the Governor of Hongkong requesting me, after the flag had been hoisted, to remove every Chinese official and soldier from the New Territory.

It is set forth in the Convention made with the Tsung-li Yamên that "the "Chinese officials stationed in Kowloon City shall continue to perform their duties "as heretofore." Therefore there can be no question of removing them. As regards the soldiers, the Governor himself requested that they should be sent to keep order, so I sent 300 men of the Chien (Battalion to take up their quarters at Kow- loon and 300 men of the Fang Yen Battalion to Shin Chow (H) to be at hand to preserve order. At the present time the Fang Yen detachment are still at Shin Chow, while the Chien detachment have been moved to Sha T'ou Chio . I have telegraphed to Deputy WANG to inform the Governor of Hong-

kong.

[Cord of Viceroy T'AN.]

(Colonial Secretary's Minute of the 18th April, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

THE CAMP,

Tár Pó, 18th April, 1899, 10 a.m.

Captain BERGER and a portion of his men with Mr. MAY and his police returned here at 8 a.m. They have brought with them 4 prisoners. I request instructions as to whether these prisoners are to be dealt with by the Civil or by the Military Authorities. Pending instructions the prisoners will be detained under a Military guard. I am proceeding to Sheung Ts'ün with Colonel THE O'GORMAN, Mr. MAY, Captain BERGER and Mr. Ts'oI. Captain BERGER has left Lieutenant BARRETT behind at Sheung Ts'ün.

I wish to urge once more the importance of dealing with Ün Loong, Kam Tin and Ha Ts'ün in a drastic manner.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART.

L

38

(Colonial Secretary's Second Minute of 18th April, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

SHEUNG TS'ÜN VILLAGE,

PÁT HEUNG VALLEY, 18th April, 1899, 3 p.m.

We left Táipó Camp at 10.30 a.m. and reached here at 12.30, pressing for- ward as rapidly as possible in order to come to the relief of Lieut. BARRETT, who had remained here. We passed through the Lam Ts'ün Valley over the Gap into the Pát Heung Valley, at the head of which the village of Sheung Ts'ün is situated. Lieut. BARRETT reports that there is a force of about 400 men lodged on a hill 4 miles distant. Colonel THE O'GORMAN does not propose to move the troops to-day unless the Chinese invite an engagement. If the inen are not moved to-day, it is proposed to make a movement to-morrow on the villages which are reported to be ready for attacking us. A leading man from Kam Tin has come in to ask for pardon, but he does not appear to be representing the villagers but himself. I am detaining him here pending further developments. If the troops had landed at Castle Peak Bay early this morning and advanced towards this point, the insurgents would have been caught in a trap and the Fame could have dealt with the runaways in the direction of Deep Bay. The villages through which we passed to-day were practically deserted, a few old women only appearing in each village as we went through. MAY and Ts'or are here with me. THOMSON and MESSER have remained behind at Táipó. We are living in a temple, which makes a fairly comfortable abode, but the flies and mosquitoes are showing too much appreciation of our presence. There is no doubt now, I regret to say, that many

of the leading villages have taken part in resisting our troops. I am gather- ing what information I can on this point, but as you may imagine under present circumstances it is no easy matter to induce the natives to speak. I hope, however, to get at the bottom of the whole affair shortly. After we have dealt with this valley, in which are situated the villages of greatest importance and size, I anticipate the trouble will be practically ended and the civil administration will be able to proceed.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART.

(Colonial Secretary's Message of the 18th April, 1899.)

THE GOVERNOR,

18th April, 1899, 10 p.m.

Since I sent my last message Chinese attacked our troops, who swept down the valley to a point 2 miles from Kam Tin. Casualties on our side nil; on side of Chinese not known. I was present throughout engagement, after which we proceeded to Kain T'in and blew down two gates of walled villages. We returned to Sheung Ts'ün where we will remain to-night. To-morrow we proceed to Ün Long and Ping Shán, where we will stay for the night. SIMMONDS has arrived from Fan Ling: reports all quiet there. We are well though tired.

LOCKHART.

(Colonial Secretary's Minute of the 19th April, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

SHEUNG TS'ÜN VILLAGE, 19th April, 1899.

I enclose copy of message which I am sending to the Camp from here. We are just about to start for Un Long, where we will stay for the night. I hope we will also reach 'ing Shán and release any of the villagers detained on account of having come to Hongkong to kout w. I anticipate that after to-day the villages will have had enough of their resistance. Over a thousand men offered resistance yesterday, and, if their weapons had been of a modern type, would have given our troops a warmer time of it. Even as it was they showed great courage by the manner in which they fired their primitive weapons, several of which have been captured. The villagers have voluntarily surrendered their arms. SIMMONDS reached here last night. He met with no resistance in the Fan Ling Valley. He blew open the gate of a walled village.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART.

1

39

[Telephone Message.]

GOVERNOR,

19th April, 1899.

Arrived Ping Shán 1 p.m. to-day; no resistance of any kind offered either here or at Ha Ts'ün or at Ün Long which we visited. Rumoured that a British Force landed Deep Bay proceeded Castle Peak. We have neither scen it or been informed regarding it.

LOCKHART.

(Colonial Secretary's Minute of the 19th April, 1899 )

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

P'ING SHÁN, 19th April, 1899, 6.30 p.m.

We left Sheung Ts'ün at 8.15 a.m. to-day. On reaching Kam T'in, sounds of what appeared to be Maxim gun firing in the direction of Ts'ün Wán were heard, so it was decided that Mr. May and Captain BERGER with a body of men belong- ing to the Hongkong Regiment should go in the direction where the sounds of firing were heard, whilst the remainder of the party should proceed to Ping Shán. We reached here about 1 p.m., after a very hot and tiring march. We visited Ün Long on our way. No resistance was offered either there or by any of the villages we passed before we arrived there. Nearly all the villages, including Un Long, fired crackers and had a white flag flying, as a sign of submission. I made the leading traders in Ün Long appear before me and told them their action in taking part in the resistance to British authority would certainly involve them in trouble. The two main conspirators of Ün Long had fled and the inha- bitants professed to have no arms. This may be true as no doubt all their arms have been busily employed during the last few days. On arrival at P'ing Shán we were met by a band of gongs and drums and many crackers were fired. I sent for the elders and about six of them appeared before me. Among them the four men from P'ing Shán, who kotowed to Your Excellency and who were reported to be under restraint. They informed me that they were not imprisoned, but threat- ened with their lives. I have found here distinct traces of this village having been mixed up in the disturbance. Powder, bullets, &c. were discovered in their ancestral temple. I called upon them to produce the large guns used by them to salute me when I paid a visit here last August, but they are not forthcoming, which is strong presumptive evidence that they have been used to resist our troops. At 1.30 p.m. we proceeded to the village of Ha Ts'ün, about a mile distant from here. We were met with a salvo of crackers, and two of the elders came out to receive us.

One of them was among the party that kotowed at Government House. He said he had not been imprisoned, but had been unable to restrain the villagers. I demanded the production of the ringleaders. He said they had fled-one to Nam Tau and one to Canton. I asked him to surrender any arms there might be in the village, but none were produced. Some may be surrendered this evening. A villager of Ha Ts'ün informs me that British troops were at his village this morning, having landed from Deep Bay. This is the first intelligence we have received of the landing of additional troops. To-morrow it is proposed to allow the troops to have a rest which they much require and in the hope that we may receive definite information regarding the other body of troops. All of us are well.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART.

(Colonial Secretary's Second Minute of the 19th April, 1899.)

7 p.m.

Captain BERGER and Mr. MAY have just found us here. They went to the top of the Ma On Kong Pass, overlooking Ts'ün Wán, which could not be seen on account of the fog. They sent a party to the top of the Tái Mó Shán Pass between Ts'ün Wán and Pát Heung. This party has returned to Sheung Ts'ün, where there are 150 men of the Hongkong Regiment. We have 250 men here. The present position therefore, so far as I know, is :-

20 men at Tải pó Hi, 140 men at Sheung Tsün. 250 men at Ping Shán.

40

Your letter of the 17th inst. has just arrived. We have not been to Castle Peak and, as we are informed by the villager referred to above, troops went there to-day, it would seem better for us to wait until we knew exactly how matters stand. The villages we have passed through are sparsely inhabited at present, which shows that many of the villagers have not returned from the fight. Three cannons and three cannonades have just been found in a pond here. They were discovered accidentally by Lieutenant BARRETT whilst bathing. Mr. MAY and Captain BERGER report that they saw two British flags (locally made) hoisted in a Chinese village to-day.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART.

(Colonial Secretary's Minute of the 20th April, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

PING SHÁN, 20th April, 1899, 5.30 a.m.

I have just received your despatch of the 17th instant, with its two enclosures. We have been careful to search for arms and have found some. Most of the villagers, however, have not yet returned to their villages, but are still in the hills, no doubt carrying arms. Mr. MAY leaves this morning at 6 a.m. and will reach Tải pó Hü about 11 am. He will then proceed to Hongkong and give you full details of our operations. I am instructing him to take back with him Dr. THOMSON and Mr. MESSER, for whose services there is no need at present. Mr. MESSER might be placed in the Land Office to learn the routine. I think the Police might also be withdrawn for the present. Mr. MAY will explain his views to you orally. Colonel THE O'GORMAN and I work together splendidly, so I trust we may be allowed to continue to co-operate. Though active resistance on the part of the Chinese may cease, it will be some little time before the territory can be settled. In view of the part taken by the villages of Ün Long and Ping Shán (where I now am), I have told the elders, Police Stations must be built on what- ever site is considered most suitable. I mention this, as you refer to this point in your despatch of the 16th instant. Mr. MAY hopes to be able to communicate with us to-morrow and I shall be glad to know whether Your Excellency has any further news or instructions. We are in very good quarters here: the officers are occupying a private house and the men two ancestral temples. We are all in good health, though our food supply has not been regular nor plentiful. We have had but very little, but are all the better perhaps for that. I have had no kit but that in which I stood until to-day. There is no interpreter with the troops, so my knowledge of the language and Ts'or's presence have been of assist-

The latter has been most useful.

ance.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART.

(Governor to Colonial Secretary.)

HONGKONG, 19th April, 1899.

HONOURABLE COLONIAL SECRETARY,

General GASCOIGNE has just returned having landed at Deep Bay at daybreak, and marched through to Castle Peak Bay. He saw no person, so the people at Castle Peak Bay must have retired. I agree with him that now that opposition has been broken up 100 men are sufficient to leave in support of the civil power. Mr. MAY had better get the Force necessary for the New Territory together and place the men not required at Tái pó Hü under canvas at the point near Kam T'in where he proposes to build the station. Having regard to the attitude of Kam T'in I think it will be well to build the station in the position most suitable for secur- ing the control of that and the other Valley.

The police patrol duty should be commenced at once. The people will soon get accustomed to seeing them.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

(Colonial Secretary's Second Minute of the 20th April, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

P'ING SHAN, 20th April, 1899.

We have remained here all day. There has been no sign of resistance. On the contrary the villagers are returning to their villages. There has been heavy

41

rain here to-day which may have helped this movement. I have availed myself of the halt to write up my diary of events since the hoisting of the Flag. Major MORRIS has sent a note to Colonel THE O'GORMAN saying he is stationed at Kam T'in and has completed the work of demolition, by which I presume he means that he has blown down the gates of all the walled villages in that district. Mr. MAY left here at 6 am. and has, I suppose, seen Your Excellency by this time. We have succeeded in obtaining most of the supplies required by the troops from Ün Long. We are all well.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART.

(Governor's Instructions to Honourable Colonial Secretary as to present

administration of Kowloon Extension.)

21st April, 1899.

I have received your reports of the 18th, 19th, and 20th instant. The situa- tion appears to have cleared for the present, and it will be very important that the villagers shall be induced to return to their cultivations. I have arranged that the troops shall be withdrawn for the present with the exception of 200 men who will be left by the General Officer Commanding at Tái pó Hü as Head-Quarters with instructions to afford assistance to the Civil Power when requisitioned. I propose that the stations at Tái pó Hü and in the neighbourhood of Un Long be proceeded with at once, and that 25 or 30 policemen be stationed at each place. A Military party will be supplied at the station at Ün Long in support of the police during its construction. It will now be your duty to endeavour to carry out the general policy for the administration of the district, leaving nothing undone to beget confidence. Distribute copies of the remarks in Chinese that have been prepared for distribution, and let it be known that persons who resume their occupations will not be interfered with. If you can establish communication with the elders and leaders of districts it will be well, as it will be necessary to proceed as soon as possible with the task of determining the districts and sub- districts under the Ordinance passed on the 18th instant. It ought to be made clear to the people that when title to land cannot be produced occupation will be accepted as proof of ownership after due notice has been given in the village or district.

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

HENRY A. BLAKE.

P'ING SHÁN, 21st April, 1899.

We passed a good night here last evening. Everything is quiet and the villagers appear to be returning to the villages in this neighbourhood. Colonel THE O'GORMAN has just received orders from the General Officer Command- ing to have some of the troops withdrawn. 300 men are to be left. I have had no letter from Your Excellency since your communication of the 17th instant enclosing copies of despatches from the Viceroy, with the exception of your minute on the Opium Papers. I am enclosing copies of the mes- sages forwarded by me to Tái pó in case they may not have reached you. I have not kept copies of the letters I have sent to you everyday since the hoisting of the flag. I should like to have copies if Your Excellency has no objection. I think it is important now the villagers are returning that I should remain on the spot. The co-operation between Colonel THE O'GORMAN and myself has been most cordial and could not have been more satisfactory. The rapid and imme- diate action, which I recommended from the first, as the General Officer Com- manding no doubt informed you, has had the desired effect. Procrastination would most certainly have increased the trouble and caused much bloodshed. The General Officer Commanding reports that his expedition met no resistance. This was due to the defeat of the Chinese at Sheung Tsun on the 18th instant. The Chinese state 2,600 Chinese took part in that fight, the majority of them being from districts north of Sham Chun and around Sham Chun. This defeat has filled the Chinese with terror.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART, Colonial Secretary.

P.S.-Captain BERGER, Lieutenant BARRETT and the men of the Hongkong Regiment have done splendidly, and if it had not been for their rapid movement, the disturbance would have increased.

J. H. S. L.

42

P'ING SHÁN, 21st April, 1899.

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

Mr. MAY says you wish me to stay here, so I will remain.

I had already written to you to say that I thought I ought to be on the spot. Troops without anyone of authority who knows the language would produce much unnecessary trouble. Everything is quiet here. The villagers are returning. Excuse a hurried note, which Inspector HANSON will deliver to Mr. MAY.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART.

P'ING SHÁN, 23rd April, 1899.

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

I have been using every endeavour to induce the people to return to their usual avocations. On the 20th instant I issued a notification of which I enclose a copy and which has had a very good effect.

Yesterday I received five (5) petitions which are all couched in the same terms. I attach a translation. The petitions are from-

(1.) The Kam T'in District including 11 villages.

(2.) The P'át Heung

";

The Shap Pát Heung District

8

29

25

(3.) The Há Ts'ün

9

""

22

21

35

8

??

**

4.) The Ping Shán

13

""

""

""

5.) The Lam Ts'ün

20

>>

The Castle Peak District

Total...... 91 11

These villages represent the most important section of the new territory. You will observe that Petitioners request that the Government may select such sites as it may require for offices, Police Stations, &c.

These petitions were brought by the elders of the various districts mentioned and were presented in the presence of over 100 people, who had assembled in front of our quarters here. I availed myself of the opportunity to impress upon those present that there was no reason why they should not return to their villages and pursue their lawful occupations; that good people would receive every protection, but that bad characters would be punished without leniency.

The villagers in this neighbourhood are returning in large numbers to their villages and most of the male population is at work as usual in the fields.

A quantity of arms has been surrendered by the different villages, which I will have removed to Tái pó later on.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Colonial Secretary.

P.S.-The Captain Superintendent of Police informs me that some of the villagers from the territory have gone to Hongkong and tried to make people believe that they knew nothing about the cession of the territory to Great Britain. You will observe that Petitioners make no such plea and you will, of course, remember that I sent Mr. Ts'on round with the proclamation of the San On District Magistrate, which Mr. Ts'or himself posted in all the chief villages. Your Excellency's proclamation would also have been more widely distributed had not the person sent to distribute them been murdered.

J. H. S. L.

(Translation.)

NOTIFICATION.

All good villagers should return to their villages and carry on their work as usual. If bad characters attempt to interfere with them, an immediate report should be made and they will be dealt with without mercy.

THE CAMP, P'ING SHAN, 20th April, 1899.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Colonial Secretary.

*

43

Translation of Petitions presented by the inhabitants of (1) Kam T'in, (2) Shap Pát Heung, Ha Ts'ün and Castle Peak, (3) Pát

Heung, (4) Ping Shán, (5) Lam Ts'ün.

The Humble Petition of Tang and others shewing that rowdies from other districts have incited and misled the people into the folly of offering armed resistance and praying that Your Excellency may be mercifully pleased to pardon the ignorant country people and allow them to carry on their avocations in peace.

Your Petitioners have always observed the law and were fully aware of the condition in the Convention that Chinese will be well treated, which is a matter of great rejoicing to all. But, unfortunately, rowdies from other places spread false rumours saying that the laws and customs of the British and Chinese are different, which would result in endless trouble and difficulty, and they made use of this pretext to incite and mislead the people. They first coërced the elders and gentry and then offered armed resistance to the British troops. Having gained over to their side the majority, your Petitioners were coërced into joining them. TANG TS'ING-SZ then let it be known that rewards would be issued for information regarding and the arresting of traitors to their cause.

Now that the Imperial troops have come to restore order in the territory, your Petitioners offer their submission with true feelings of gladness. But as the people have wandered from their homes-a spectacle which causes great pain-your Petitioners are constrained to humbly approach your tribunal praying that you will be graciously pleased to authorise the withdrawal of the troops, and that hereafter such sites as it may please the Governinent to select inay be used for the erection of Public Offices, Police Stations, or other buildings, for which kindness all our villages would be forever grateful.

Dated 21st April, 1899.

Translated by J. H. STEWART LOCKHART.

(Messages from Colonial Secretary to Governor.)

HIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR,

I.

Tár Pó, 17th April, 1899.

I strongly recommend despatching troops to neighbourhood Castle Peak co- operate with BERGER now at Sheung Ts'ün and sending Fame to Deep Bay. Am informed that Chinese are strongly entrenched Castle Peak, and that Kam Tin is the chief offender in the disturbance. The removal of its walls would have a good effect.

II.

LOCKHART.

Tár Pó, 18th April, 1899.

My message above could not be sent on account of rain. Colonel THE O'GORMAN has decided to proceed to Sheung Ts'ün to join BERGER, meeting SIMMONDS on the way. I am going with him, accompanied by Ts'or, to show the way and give what assistance I can. I hope troops have landed Castle Peak, and Fame has proceeded Deep Bay.

III.

LOCKHART.

GOVERNOR,

SHEUNG TS'ÜN, TUESDAY, 18th April, 1899,

3 p.m.

Reached Sheung Ts'ün 12.30. Chinese have fired on troops who are now returning the fire.

LOCKHART.

44

IV.

(Colonial Secretary's Message of the 18th April, 1899.)

THE GOVERNor,

18th April, 1899, 10

p.m.

Since I sent my last message Chinese attacked our troops, who swept down the valley to a point 2 miles from Kam Tin. Casualties on our side nil; on side of Chinese not known. I was present throughout engagement, after which we proceeded to Kam T'in and blew down two gates of walled villages. We returned to Sheung Ts'ün where we will remain to-night. To-morrow we proceed to Ün Long and Ping Shán, where we will stay for the night. SIMMONDS has arrived from Fan Ling; reports all quiet there. We are well though tired.

LOCKHART.

Governor,

V.

SHEUNG TS'ÜN, WEDNESDAY, 19th April, 1899.

Passed the night at Sheung Ts'ün. No trouble. All had a good night. Start for Un Long at 7.30 a.m. and will stay in that neighbourhood to-night. LOCKHART.

VI.

GOVERNOR,

PING SHAN, WEDNESDAY, 19th April, 1899.

Arrived Ping Shán at 1 p.m. No resistance of any kind offered either here or at Ila Ts'ün or at Un Long, which we visited. Rumoured that a British Force landed Deep Bay proceeded Castle Peak.

proceeded Castle Peak. We have neither seen nor received information regarding it.

LOCKHART.

VII.

GOVERNOR,

P'ING SHÁN, THURSDAY, 20th April, 1899.

Remained here all day. Major MORRIS has reported to Colonel THE O'Gorman that he is stationed at Kam T'in Hu and has completed the work of demolition All well. No signs of resistance. The villagers in this neighbourhood are returning to their villages.

there.

LOCKHART.

(Colonial Secretary's Minute of the 24th April, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

P'ING SHÁN, 24th April, 1899.

When we visited the meeting-house at Ün Long on the 22nd instant, I carefully searched the house for documents, being aided in the search by Mr. Ts'oI. We found several documents which I have translated. I forward the translation herewith.* I also forward statements made by NG K'I-CH'EUNG,† one of the gentry of the Un Long district, and by TANG Ló-PAN one of the gentry of Kam Tin.

These documents and statements show clearly that there was a combined movement among the various districts in the territory for the purpose of offering resistance to the British. The movement seems to have started at P'ing Shán, where we now are, and to have been taken up by the Ha Ts'ün district, in which resided TANG I-SHEK, TANG TS'ING-SZ and TANG CHIK-T'ING, who seem to have been chiefly instrumental in inducing the gentry and the elders of the other districts to join the movement. The villagers do not seem to have shown any desire to resist, but having been incited by the gentry and elders, it was im- possible to restrain them.

I attach a list of the gentry and elders§ whose names appear in the documents found at Ün Long and in the statements of NG K'I-CH'EUNG and TANG LÓ-PAN.

* Enclosures IV to IX inclusive.

† Enclosure No. 1.

Enclosure No. 2. § Enclosure No. 3.

}

ļ

45

Nearly all the persons mentioned in the list have fled. Not having yet visited Fan Ling and neighbourhood, I do not know whether the persons from that district whose names are mentioned have fled, but all the persons in the list from this neighbourhood have disappeared with the exception of TANG TS'ING-WAN, NG K'I- CH'EUNG, and TANG Ló-PAN, who are here at present. I propose to make them find security that they will appear or be produced whenever called upon.

A regulation should be passed by the Governor-in-Council at once giving the Colonial Secretary power to summon people before him and to fine those who do not appear when summoned, and another regulation should also be passed without delay conferring upon the Colonial Secretary power to make people find security when called upon to do so. It is important that there should be no delay in having these regulations made forthwith. I have been compelled, in the absence of the necessary legal power, to act on my own responsibility.

The leaders in the movement should be dealt with severely. Any leniency shown would be misunderstood. Their property should be confiscated and the proceeds applied to public purposes. As NG K'-c'EUNG, TANG LÓ-PAN, and TANG TS'ING-WAN have not run away, but remained behind, and given us im- portant assistance, I think it would be sufficient in their case if they are made to find security for their future good behaviour. I have already obtained bonds (which are not legal) for the production of TANG Ló-PAN and NG K'T-CH'EUNG whenever demanded.

From NG K'I-CHEUNG'S statement it appears that men from the following places in Chinese territory took part in the resistance :-

Sha T'au at the head of Deep Bay.

Sham Chun.

Wai Tak

Ngán Tin }

Tung Kun District.

It is difficult to ascertain exactly how many men came from those places, but I have every reason to believe that there must have been over one thousand. It is quite impossible for the officers of the Chinese Government not to have known of the movements of so many men into our territory, and I trust the Viceroy will be brought to book. His attitude of hostility in the matter of the Customs and his failure to give any warning of the movement in the territory under his jurisdic- tion, should not be allowed to pass unpunished.

Among the documents found in the Un Long meeting-house is a letter ad- dressed by one of the underlings of Major FONG to NG K'I-CH'EUNG [No. IX]. I would especially call attention to the following sentence in that letter:-"All "other particulars you will know fully when you see Major FONG, who will not "in any way use force, but will freely allow all the villages to carry out their own "settled plans." NG K'I-CH'EUNG informs me that by the sentence in italics he understood that the villages could do what they liked. He says he never saw Major FONG, but that TANG 1-SHEK went to see him at Sham Chun. TANG I- SHEK has been one of the ringleaders in the movement and NG K'I-CH'EUNG in- forms me that TANG I-SHEK left this territory for Nam T'au on the 14th April and on the same day went to Sham Chun to see Major FONG. Next day he went to Canton to petition the Viceroy and Governor. If he did present a petition, it would be interesting to obtain a copy of that document.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Colonial Secretary.

ENCLOSURE No. 1 IN COLONIAL SECRETARY'S MINUTE

OF THE 24TH APRIL, 1899.

I

(Translation of Written Statement of Ng K'i-ch'eung, dated 21st April, 1899.)

On the 17th day of the 2nd moon (28th March), Mr. MAY, Captain Superin- tendent of Police, came to Ping Shán to look for a site to erect a building and wished to construct a Police Station on Po Kau Hill (ie., the hill immediately behind the village of Ping Shán). The inhabitants of Ping Shán made a fuss saying that the building would affect the Fung Shui of the place. Crowds of people gathered at the house of TANG YING-SHANG and abused him. On the morning of the 18th, i.e., 29th March, the elders of the clan TANG CH'IU-I, TANG FONG-HING, TANG TSʻING-WAN, TANG KW‘AN-SHAN, TANG LUI-SHANG and TANG A-LAN assembled at Ha Ts'ün. When they met in the ancestral temple there the following

46

inhabitants of Ha Ts'ün, TANG KWOK-LAM, TANG TS'ING-SZ, TANG CHIK-T'ING plotted together to resist (ie., the British). On the 19th day (30th March) a meeting was held at Ün Long in the meeting-house to discuss matters. The following were present:--From the Pát Heung district, TSE HEUNG-PÓ, LAI CH'UN, LI A-FONG, TANG A-TUNG. From Kam Tin, TANG CHUK-LAM, TANG LO- PAN, TANG YAT-HIN, TANG KI-YAN; from Sháp Pat Heung, TANG YING-CHEUNG, CHU KI-WAN, NG FUNG-CH'EUNG, NG K'I-CH'EUNG; from Ping Shán, A LEUNG, son of TANG CH'IU-I, TANG FONG-HING, TANG TS'ING-WAN, TANG KW'AN-SHAN, Tang LUI-SHANG, TANG A-LAM; from Ha Ts'ün, TANG I-SHEK, TANG KWOK-LAM, TANG CHIK-TING; from Castle Peak, T'ó TONG-TSO. All those present said the Company (formed several years ago to buy land in the territory) had cunningly conspired (to induce the British to get the territory); that they feared that the difference between British and Chinese law and customs would lead to no end of difficulties. All thought that armed resistance should be made. But (the writer) NG K'1- CH'EUNG said, "The Emperor of China having sealed the Convention ceding the terri- tory, we ought certainly not dare to resist. Even if we were foolish enough to "do this rash act we should find difficulty in the matter of men, money, and arms. "Success in battle can only be secured by a correct estimate of one's own (power) "and that of one's enemy." The others had nothing to say in reply, and the meeting dispersed.

On the 21st (1st April) TANG TSING-sz wrote a letter requesting the elders of the Sheung U Tung division to meet at Un Long. The following were present; from Sheung Shui, Liu WAN-KUK; from Fan Ling, PÁNG SHIU-ÚN; from Tái pó Tau, TANG MAN; from Ping Kong, Hau HoN-KÁI; from San Tin, MAN LAI-TONG who had with him a number of able-bodied men. At the meeting all were strongly bent on fighting. They also wanted to issue a notice forbidding the villagers from taking employment (under the British) and called upon (the writer) NG K'I-CH'EUNG to make a draft, but he refused and the matter dropped.

TANG TS'ING-Sz took the lead in proposing resistance. (The writer) NG K'T- CH'EUNG said, "Great Britain is the richest and most important nation in the world. If an insignificant place like ours should resist the troops of such a great Power, it is easy to see where victory and defeat would lie."

All present said the cession of the territory is the work of the Company. Great Britain does not know the circumstances.

(The writer) NG KI-CH'EUNG said, "Mr. STEWART LOCKHART was sent as Commissioner by the Imperial Government. We have received the proclamà- tion of the Viceroy T'AN. How can it be said that Great Britain does not know the circumstances? Truly nothing can be more unreasonable." All then dis-

persed.

On the 24th day (4th April), some drunken men at Tái pó took a crowd to burn the matshed. Men from Fan Ling took the card of MAN CHÁM-TS'ÜN to various villages asking for assistance.

On the morning of the 26th (6th April), the Ha Ts'ün district was the first to render aid. TANG HUNG-TS'OI went with 60 men under his command who were provided with provisions and arms.

On the 27th (7th April) they returned.

On the 28th (8th April), TANG TS'ING-SZ went to Kam T'in to incite the people there.

On the 29th (9th April), TANG KWOK-LAM and TANG TS'ING-SZ went to Ün Long and stayed at TANG SHING-UN's place. They sent for the writer NG K'I- CH'EUNG three times, but he refused to come. TANG TS'ING-sz then went in person to his house and saw the writer and recapitulated his previous plans (of resist- ance). (The writer) NG KI-CH'EUNG informed him of recent political events. The writer said. "The natural defences of the Un Long and Sheung U divisions are not equal to those of Formosa; our generalship is not equal to that of LAU WING-FUK (the Chinese General who was defeated by the Japanese in Formosa). Our resources are not like those of LAM WAI-ÚN [the millionaire of Northern Formosa who contributed over a $1,000,000 towards the defence of Formosa againt Japan, Translator's note]; we have no outside supporter like CHANG CHIH-TUNG, [Viceroy of Nankin during the China-Japan war, Translator's note] yet the Chinese were beaten by the Japanese. How much less are our chances against a rich country like Great Britain with strong forces, powerful ships and effective weapons?"

TANG TS'ING-SZ and the others then falsely accused the writer of having been bribed by the Company and having been granted a spirit monopoly.

47

On the first day the Tái Ping Kung Kuk (lit. Great-Peace-Public-Meeting House) was established, the intention of those who established it being to create a scare by empty bluster; but pretence became reality (ie., at first they did not intend to offer active resistance but only to pretend to do so).

On the 3rd (12th April), (Major) FoxG UN arrived in a gunboat. The people at Castle Peak stubbornly resisted him with force. The inhabitants of the Sháp Pát Heung district refused to send out men. The three large villages (ie., Kam Tin, Ha Ts'ün and Ping Shán) inhabited by the Tang clan used coercion saying that if men were not sent the villages refusing would be attacked first, so that the small villages in the Sháp Pát Heung district inhabited by those who are not of the Tang clau were forced to comply.

On the 5th (14th April), TANG I-SHEK went to Nam T'au.

On the 6th (15th April), he went to Canton. Each village district sub- scribing 15 taels. (The writer) NG KI-CH'EUNG said, "It is useless to present petitions to the Viceroy and Governor. Their only answer would be that the demarcation is in accordance with the Tsung-li Yamên map.'

""

All the other villages agreed with the proposal of TANG I-SHEK and the Sháp Pát Heung district was compelled to contribute its proportionate share.

TANG I-SHEK took with him 60 taels and has not returned since.

On the 5th (14th April), when the matshed was burnt at Táipó the men present were from Fan Ling and Lam Ts'ün. The men from Kam T'in and Pát Heung arrived after the shed had been burnt.

On the 6th (15th April) when resistance was offered to the Police at Tái pó the men present were from the Lam Ts'ün, Sheung Ú and Pát Henng and Kam Tin

divisions.

On the 8th (17th April) those who offered resistance were from Kam T'in, Sháp Pát Heung, and Pát Heung.

On the 9th (18th April), those present were from Ping Slán, Ha Ts'ün, Castle Peak, Wang Chau, and the following places outside (the territory):--Sham Chun, Sha T'au and Wái Tak and Ngán Tin in the Tung Kun district. Many were killed and wounded.

On the 4th (13th April), Ping Shán supplied pigs (for the fighters).

On the 6th (15th April) Ha Ts'ün.

On the 7th (16th April) Wang Chau.

This is a true account of the whole matter from beginning to end.

With regard to TANG CHEUNG-TSAI, TANG TS'ING-sz and TANG A-NIN of the Ha Ts'ün district pointed him out as a traitor. They also said that TANG CHEUNG- TSAI had taken the iron armour belonging to this district to Hongkong and that they would not rest until he had been killed. They took the card of TANG KWOK- LAM to Ping Shán and applied for some able-bodied men to search CHEUNG TSAI'S house, but TANG Pó-WAN being a near relation of CHEUNG TSAI flared up at once, so they desisted.

On the 8th (17th April), he was arrested at Kap Shui Mun and brought back to the meeting-house at Un Long.

The gentry of Ha Ts'ün said CHEUNG TSAI belongs to the Ha Ts'ün district : let Ha Ts'ün deal with the matter. All the other villages raised no objection.

TANG TS'ING-Sz and TANG CHIK-TING took many of those who came to fight from Ngan Tin and went to Un Long to get back CHEUNG TSAI. This was after the defeat and every one had fled and there was no one in the meeting-house. As to what order TANG TS'ING-SZ gave regarding the murder of TANG CHEUNG--TSAI (the writer) really does not know the facts.

II.

(Sd.)

NG KI CH'EUNG.

ENCLOSURE No. 2 IN COLONIAL SECRETARY'S MINUTE OF THE 24TH APRIL, 1899.

(Statement of Tang Kok-lam, Graduate of the 3rd Degree, elder of Kam T'in district.)

On the 17th of the 2nd moon (28th March.) Mr. May wished to erect a police station on the hill behind Ping Slán, the inhabitants of which became ex- cited and appeared to be dissatisfied.

On the 18th (29th March) in the morning a meeting was held in the ancestral temple. After the morning meal the gentry went to Ha Ts'in to meet and discuss

the matter.

48

On the 19th (30th March) a meeting was held in the meeting-house at Ün Long at which the elders from the five districts were present. A very heated dis- cussion took place, but the writer and NG K'I-CH'EUNG never said a word.

On the 21st (1st April) the gentry of Sheung Û division went to Ün Long and agreed to join the general movement.

On the 22nd (2nd April) in the early morning the writer went home. All the gentry deliberated until the afternoon but without having arrived at any definite decision.

Unfortunately the incident of the burning of the matshed at Tái pó by some- drunken men occurred. MAN CHAM-TS'ÜN wrote applying for help. Ha Ts'ün alone replied to the call.

TANG TSING-SZ went in person to my house. On the one hand he moved me by appealing to justice, and on the other hand he worked on my fears by dwelling upon the calamities that would overtake me hereafter. My ancestors having been occupiers of the soil for generations, how could I bear this change? Moreover, I was afraid that the laws and customs of the West and China not being the same many difficulties would arise, and false reports were also spread that cattle and swine would be taxed; that women would be violated; that fishing and wood cutting would be prohibited. The writer was misled by these rumours, which he believed. Another deliberation was held and the matter was finally settled. TANG A- TUNG, of Wang Toi Shun, of the Pát Heung district, proposed that a reward should be issued for the arrest of traitors. I strenuously tried to prevent this; but I was not present at the meeting.

I have always avoided trouble and looked after my own affairs.

But having seen what I thought was the right course to adopt, I boldly fol- lowed it, and many followed my example.

Further, being a graduate of many years' standing my name appears in the correspondence which has taken place, though the matter in question did not pass through my hands.

The trouble having once begun it was impossible to stop it, and being coerced by the majority the gentry became powerless. Fighting began and ended in a disastrous defeat on the 8th (17th April).

On the 9th (18th April) I came to the camp at Sheung Ts'ün to yield sub- mission when I was treated with clemency far beyond my deserts.

Unfortunately, the men from the Ping Shán and Ha Ts'ün districts again made resistance (18th April). I did all I could to dissuade them, but not only did they refuse to follow my advice but they abused me and called me a traitor.

This is a true statement of the facts from beginning to end.

1

(Sd.)

TANG KOK-LAM.

III. (A.)

(Letter handed over by Ng K'i-ch'eung.)

Now that the English barbarians are about to cross our borders and take possession of our territory, the inhabitants of the various districts are filled with public indignation and are anxious to find a means of defending themselves.

We would therefore trouble you to prepare a place to-morrow for receiving our friends and relatious from the different villages so that we may discuss mat- ters with a view to our future security. Please do not delay. We are waiting with anxiety.

Hoping you are well,

To our dear friend,

SHING CHI,

[Another name for NG KI-CHE UNG].

Dated 2nd Moon, 18th day (29th March).

Seal

of

善積

TANG CHÁK-SHIN.

TANG I-YAU.

TANG CHÁK-SHIN.

TANG FONG-HING.

TANG CHIK-TING.

49

III.

(B.)

(Letter handed over by Ng Ki-ch'eung.)

To-day I and my clansmen of Ha Ts'ün met and decided to have a general meeting to-morrow with the object of devising means for our protection. I have already sent a letter to inform you which, no doubt, you have received. I there- fore now specially request you and the others to be good enough to select and prepare a place for the meeting so as to facilitate the discussion of matters by the elders and gentry of the various villages.

Thanking you in anticipation,

To our dear friend,

SHING CHI,

(ie., NG K‘I-CHÍTUNG).

TANG FONG-HING.

III. (C.)

Letter handed over by Ng K'i-ch'eung.)

To our dear friend SHING CHI, (i.e., NG K'I-CH'EUNG).

With regard to your boastful utterances at the two meetings respecting the wealth and power of the British by which big talk you tried to scare people, everybody is full of wrath which cannot be allayed. All said that you have been bribed by the Company and have received a licence from the British Government. But we said that in dealing with the affair you are acting with that caution which the sage Confucius recommended. We have not said that we have repeatedly asked you to come and you have strenuously refused. Can it be that you will have nothing to do with the matter? The majority have said that if your district does not join the movement they will attack you with their combined force. a man of intelligence and we request you to come to an early decision.

You are

TANG LÓ-PAN.

TANG TSING-SZ.

TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENTS FOUND IN THE MEETING-HOUSE

AT UN LONG.

IV.

must enthusiastically come When the drum sounds to the Should any one hesitate to

The English barbarians are about to enter our territory and ruin will come upon our villages and hamlets. All we villagers forward to offer arined resistance and act in unison. fight we must all respond to the call for assistance. take part or to hinder or obstruct our military plans, he will most certainly be severely punished and no leniency will be shown. This is issued as a forewarning.

Issued by the Council of this Division (i.e., Ün Long Division).

..

V.

(A.)

We hereby inform you that the battle will commence at 7 o'clock on the morning of the 8th (17th April). We beg that the armed men from your worthy district will take rice in the Fourth Watch (i.e., about 3-4 a.m.) and proceed direct to Ha Ts'ün to be ready for the fight. Do not wait for the signal drum.

To our dear friends in the Sháp Pat Heung District.

Dated 18th April, 1899.

From Tang Yau King Tong (., the ancestral temple in the Ha Ts'ün district).

50

V.

(B.)

We hereby inform you that 7 o'clock of the morning of the 8th, has been fixed as the date for the commencement of the battle. The armed men of your worthy district should have their early meal at the Fourth Watch and proceed at daybreak direct to Castle Peak to join battle. You need not wait for the signal drum.

To our clansmen of the Ping Shán district. Dated 16th April, 1899.

V.

(C.)

A letter to the same effect as No. V. (B) only addressed to the villagers of Shán Ha and Hang Ha in the P'ing Shán district.

Dated same as No. V. (B).

VI.

of

This note is to inform you that YAT HIN (Military Sau Ts'oi (Graduate) named TANG SAM-WAI =

Kat Hing Wai) has just been to the meeting-house and says that it is not necessary to send troops to-day and that we can delay a day or two and have a further consultation. Be careful not to make any rash movement. This is most important.

To CHIK TING,

CHAK TSAN

(CHÁK SHIN)

I SHEK.

From the Great Peace Meeting-house (Un Long).

VII.

Your letter received and contents noted. A strong force must be posted at Táipó in order to resist with our full force. The two posts at Castle Peak and Sha Kong should have many flags flying in order to mislead the enemy. A force of the stronger men of your district should be detached to take part in the engagement. Sixty per cent. should be retained for self-protection. If troops arrive from Ngan T in they should all be sent to Táipó. Let there be no indecision. in the matter. To these points (Castle Peak and Sha Kong) none of the enemy will ever go.

We must devote our individual attention to Táipó.

TO SING CHI (ie., NG K'I-CH'EUNG).

VIII.

I beg to inform you that Major FONG LEUNG-1s'o1, of the left wing, has received instructions from the Viceroy and Governor (at Canton) to make a special visit to your district in order to orally explain to the gentry and elders the parti- culars regarding the leased area so that they may inform the villagers in order to prevent misunderstanding. He is also bringing the Viceroy's proclamation to be posted in the villages. I am sending a special messenger to go ahead to inform you. Other particulars I will tell you when we meet.

I take this opportunity to send you my regards.

PS.--Please at once inform your clansmen that Major FoNG will arrive in the afternoon to prevent suspicion and anxiety.

Written from the Transmitting Order Department of the Major's Yamên at Nam T'an.

IX.

The gunboat by which I have been towed here is only General Ho's. Not a single foreigner has come in it.

All other particulars you will know fully when you see Major Fong who will not in any way use force but will freely allow all the villagers to carry out their own settled plans.

I would also beg you, as being more satisfactory, to inform the other gentlemen beforehand.

1

"

.51

(Governor to Colonial Secretary.)

HONOURABLE COLONIAL SECRETARY,

HONGKONG, 26th April, 1899.

I have read carefully the statements of NG KI-CH'EUNG and TANG KOK-Lam and the various documents translated by you. I have decided to frame a regula- tion giving power to any Police Magistrate, or any Justice of the Peace, to sum- mon before them any person for examination in reference to any offence committed, and, on sufficient grounds being shown, to call upon the person so summoned to enter into security to be of the peace and good behaviour. If a summons be not obeyed a warrant may be issued to compel attendance. I do not consider it advi- sable that any land should be confiscated in connection with the recent troubles.

It seems evident from the statements made that the working of the Company alluded to more than once has had something to do with the general uneasiness. It has been stated to me by a Member of the Executive Council that he has been informed that a Company or Syndicate was formed some time ago to buy land in the leased area and that the Syndicate bought land at a rate much below its value by representing to the villagers and elders that when the territory was taken over the land would become the property of this Government who would not acknow- ledge any land titles. This, if true, would account for the great uneasiness dis- played and for the ultimate determination to combine and offer resistance to our occupation of the territory. It may not be true, but should be inquired into. I consider it of great importance that the people should be fully informed as to our intention not to interfere with their holding of land and the fact that this Govern- ment issued a notice that sales of land effected since the date of the Convention would not necessarily be acknowledged should also be freely circulated. Should it come to your knowledge that land was purchased under its value by false repre- sentations, such sales should be declared null and void if the seller so wishes and is prepared to return the consideration paid.

Having regard to all the circumstances preceding the combined opposition, I do not consider it just or expedient that a vindictive retribution should be exacted. Doubtless, clemency may be misunderstood; but the fault has been sharply punished, and the evidence is before the eyes of the people that swift punishment will follow any similar attempt, while the power to impose a special police tax upon a district in the event of crime, for which no person has been made amenable, will, I expect, act as a salutary deterrent.

I am glad that your proceedings up to the present have resulted in the return of the villagers to their work. I hope that the work of the arrangement of the Districts may soon be actively pursued.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

(Colonial Secretary's Minute of the 1st May, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

Tár Pó, 1st May, 1899.

Among the Petitioners who came to see me to-day was a man named MA ON- KI belonging to the Un Iu village. I had information in my possession to the effect that he had sold land to the Company, and there was a rumour that he had been compelled to sell it. I accordingly availed myself of his presence to question him. I enclose a copy of the statement* he made before me. If the transaction took place in the 8th moon of last year it cannot be recognised by the Govern- ment in view of the proclamation issued informing the people that no sales of land would be recognised if made after the date of the Convention. But you will notice that the seller states he sold the land of his own free will and no threats were made to induce him to sell it. He also states that the price he received was a fair price and that he does not wish to buy back the land again. When the land question is being investigated it will be necessary to have some rule laid down as to how cases like the present are to be dealt with. The Acting Registrar General might make further enquiries regarding the transaction in question in Hongkong from the Chairman of the Land Company.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Colonial Secretary.

* Enclosure No. 1.

52

ENCLOSURE NO. 1 IN COLONIAL SECRETARY'S MINUTE OF THE 1ST MAY, 1899.

MA ON-KI States :-

I am a native of Un Iu. I have some land there. Last year I sold a piece of land to the Company. I sold it in the 8th moon of last year. I gave a deed. I was paid 205 dollars. The price was a fair one. I sold the land willingly. No one brought any pressure to bear on me. The transaction has not been registered in the San On Magistrate's office. The piece of land is in Tái pó t'au. I do not wish to buy the land back. I sold the land because I wanted the money. No

one told me that if I did not sell the land it would be confiscated by the British Authorities: The transaction was a perfectly voluntary one.

馬 MA

安 ON

基KI

Statement made before me this 1st day of May, 1899.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Colonial Secretary.

(Governor to Colonial Secretary.)

HONOURABLE COLONIAL SECRETARY,

3rd May, 1899.

I do not see why there should be any interference in such a case as this. Two men of their own free will make a bargain. The only grounds for interference would be a fraudulent statement by the purchaser to induce the seller to part with property under its value. Our proclamation was intended primarily to apply to land sold by the Chinese Government after date of Convention.

his

HENRY A. BLAKE.

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

(Colonial Secretary to Governor.)

Tár Pó, 5th May, 1899.

The reason why I forwarded this statement was that there was a rumour here that the man had sold his land compulsorily and under threats and that the pur- chaser had induced the seller to part with his property under its value by a frau- dulent statement. The man's evidence shows the rumour is without foundation.

I understood that the proclamation was issued to prevent all transactions in land. On this point I should be glad to receive definite instructions.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Colonial Secretary.

(Colonial Secretary's Minute of the 3rd May, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

Tá Pó, 3rd May, 1899.

With regard to the alleged doings of the Land Company to which attention has been drawn, I would submit that it would be best, in the first instance, for the Land Officer here to investigate this matter. He could call upon the land- holders in each district to forward to him any complaints they have to make and he could inquire into them on the spot. If after his investigation a Commission is considered desirable, it could be appointed. I think the truth would be more easily arrived at in this manner than by a Commission composed of members who live far away from the territory and who would have to summon witnesses to appear before them in Hongkong. The summoning of such witnesses would become known and it is not unlikely that they would be got at.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART, Colonial Secretary.

}

I concur.

- 53

(Gorernor to Colonial Secretary.)

5th May, 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

ENCLOSURE No. 3 IN COLONIAL SECRETARY'S MINUTE OF THE 24TH APRIL, 1899.

List of the Gentry and Elders whose names appear

PING SHÁN 屏山

in the documents and statements.

ÜN LONG DIVISION.

Tang Ch'iu-i

元期洞

Tang Fong-hing

Tang Tsting-wan..

Tang Kw'an-shan

Tang Lai-shang. Tang Lam ...

HA TsÜN厦村

Tang I-shek...

Tang Ts'ing-sz

Tang Kwok-lam

Tang Chik-t'ing

Tang Hung-ts'oi.

Tang Un-tsó

PAT HEUNG 八鄉

KAM TIN 錦田

Tse Heung-pó

Lai Ch'un Li Pong Tang Trung..

Tang Chuk-sam..

Tang Ló-pan.

Tang Yat-hin

Tang Ki-yau

Tang Sám-wái

....

....

鄧朝儀

·鄧芳

鄧青

鄧衮臣

鄧礪生

鄧林

鄧儀石

·鄧青士

●鄧國林

鄧植亭 鄧雄才 鄧煥藻

謝香圃

黎春

李邦

·鄧同

•鄧祝

-

鄧鷺賓

鄧逸軒

·已

SHEUNG Ü DIVISION.

Liu Wan-kuk

雙魚洞

SHEUNG SHUI 上水

FAN LING 分嶺

Pháng Shiu-ún......

Hau Hon-kái...

鄧三槐

·廖雲谷

彭少垣

PING KONG 丙光

SAN TIN 新田

CH'A HANG 蔡坑

Man Lai-tong..

Man Chám-ts‘iin.

TAI Pó TAU大埔頭

Tang Mau

·侯翰階

...文禮堂

文湛全

·鄧茂

54

(Colonial Secretary's Minute of the 24th April, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

PING SHÁN, 24th April, 1899.

This afternoon a messenger arrived at this village with a bundle of notifica- tions in the name of the Viceroy of the Two Kwong and of the Governor of the Kwong Tung Province. I immediately had him detained and on examining him found that he had been sent by the Magistrate of the San On District to post notifications of the Viceroy and Governor at 12 places in our territory. I attach a copy of the statement made by the man before me: a copy of the order issued by the San On District Magistrate with a translation *; and one of the notifications with a translation.†

It is a curious coincidence that the date of the notification is the 19th April, when the rebels had been defeated. It is also peculiar that all the places, where the notices were to be posted, are places which took part in resisting the British Troops, with the exception of Kap Shui Muu.

The Viceroy had no right to send notices issued by him into our territory, and both he and the San On District Magistrate should be called to account.

I will detain the man pending further instructions. I will, of course, see that he is properly cared for.

As you will observe from the man's statement he had not posted any of the notices before being detained.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART, Colonial Secretary.

ENCLOSURE No. 1 IN COLONIAL SECRETARY'S MINUTE OF THE 24TH APRIL, 1899.

Translation of the Order issued by Chiu, Magistrate (of the San On District).

This messenger will at once take 14 copies of the Proclamation issued by the Viceroy and Governor and proceed with all despatch to the villages and market towns enumerated in the attached list and there post the proclamations for general information. The said messenger must be careful to have the Proclamations wrapped up so as to prevent them being damaged by the wet. Any delay will be punished. Proceed with all haste.

List of Villages:

Ün Long Hü. Kam Tin Hü. Ping Shán Hü. Tải Pó Hi.

Shek T'au Wai. Lin Fa Ti.

Lung Yeuk Tau.

Messenger, a Ch'iu Chau Brave.

Lam Ts'ün. Tái Wo Shi. P'ing Kong.

Fan Ling. Sha Lo Tung. Kap Shui Mun.

Castle Peak.

Dated 14th day of the 3rd Moon (23rd April). This order will be cancelled on the day of the messenger's return.

Translated by J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Colonial Secretary.

* Enclosure No. 1.

† Enclosure No. 2.

1

55

ENCLOSURE NO. 2 IN COLONIAL SECRETARY'S MINUTE OF THE 24TH APRIL, 1899.

Statement of the Messenger of the San On Magistrate.

Ló Ús (盧煥) states:–

66

I am a native of Nam T'au. The San On Magistrate issued the order to one of the Chin Chau braves' who hired me to do his work. His name is "Small- pox NG." There were 14 notices; 2 were taken to be posted at Castle Peak and Kap Shui Mun. I have handed in all the notices I have got. I do not know who took those for Kap Shui Mui and Castle Peak. I have not posted a single notice. I was going to begin at Ping Shán when I was stopped. I came here from Nam T'au to-day by the Un Long pass-boat. I landed at Sha Kong and came direct here. I have not been anywhere else."

This is the order regarding the notice. (Order handed in attached: See translation above).

Statement made before me this 24th day of April, 1899.

LÓ ÚN,

[His X Mark.]

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Colonial Secretary.

A second Proclamation for general information issued by Tam, Viceroy of the Two Kwongs, and Luk, Governor of the Kwong Tung Province.

We have already issued a Proclamation for general information regarding the Kau Lung boundary. We have also on two occasions despatched troops to keep order and have issued stringent orders to Colonel LI SZ-KING and Major FONG ÜN to co-operate with the Magistrate of the San On district in earnestly explaining matters to the inhabitants so that they may all live together in peace without sus- picion.

We have just heard that on the 7th day (16th April) over a thousand natives fought with the British troops at Tái pó Hü; but as to the cause, as to whether any one was injured, as to whether they were bad people within the leased terri- tory, or as to whether they were the remnants of the faction of CHUNG SHUI- YEUNG and came from Chinese territory, we have received no report from the Military Commanders or the District Magistrate.

Now that the Militia has been organized and each district has its gentry and elders, the Military and Civil Officers referred to ought to summon the gentry and earnestly explain to them that this leasing of territory has received Imperial sanc- tion; that it is clearly laid down in the Convention that the people will not be compelled to remove; that private property will not be expropriated; and that there will be no harsh treatment.

With regard to those ontside the leased territory this matter does not affect them in any way. Why should they in disobedience of the Imperial commands create disturbance regardless of their property and their lives? If the people of any other district arm themselves and assist in the fight, their conduct is a still more serious disregard of the Law.

We, therefore, think it is right to circulate this second Proclamation to urge you people to reform the error of your ways and to strive to be good and loyal subjects and so avoid involving yourselves in the meshes of the law.

Let all tremble and obey.

KWONG Sü, 25th year, 3rd Moon, 10th day. (19th April, 1899.)

Sealed with the Seal of the Viceroy and Governor.

Notice to be posted at P'ing Shán.

Translated by J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Colonial Secretary.

FENÍ

56

(Governor to Colonial Secretary.)

HONOURABLE COLONIAL SECRETARY,

HONGKONG, 26th April, 1899.

He has committed

With reference to the Viceroy's messenger, release him. no offence. You were quite right to prevent the posting of notices. Those, if any, posted in Castle Peak District should be removed. The Attorney General has prepared the draft of an Ordinance giving to any Magistrate or Justice of the Peace power on information laid to summon before him any person and, after hearing evidence, to order him to find sureties to be of the peace and good behaviour for a given term or in default to be imprisoned for a term not exceeding six months. I fancy that you are a Justice of the Peace either by Commission or in virtue of your office. If not, I shall gazette you and antedate your Commission.

I agree with you that a fair rent should be paid for the house occupied by the police. I am glad to learn that you find matters settling down. If the Chinese doctor has returned he might be found useful. There must be

There must be many wounded men in the hill villages requiring medical assistance.

I regret very much to hear of the serious injury to Major WATSON, R.A.M.C., from an attack by a buffalo.

I have carefully considered all the circumstances of the murder. With the evidence that you have obtained it appears to me that there will be grounds_upon which to offer a large reward for such evidence as will lead to the arrest and con- viction of any of the offenders. You have the names of several, for whose arrest warrants can be obtained. This will mark very clearly that the law is not dead. The clan or village can always be reached under the system of enforcing payment for special police force. I see it stated that the murdered man was sent in by Government. I did not know this; but even had he been so sent, there was noth- ing to show you that there was the slightest danger to be apprehended. On the contrary, the reports received were to the effect that the people were ready to receive the British rule gladly. The police stations will be proceeded with as quickly as possible. I hope that the arrangements for the administration will soon be begun.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

(Colonial Secretary's Minute of the 25th April, 1899.)

P'ING SHÁN, 25th April, 1899.

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

We are just about to start for Fan Ling, having been here since Wednesday, the 19th instant. The result of our stay has been most satisfactory as I am able to report that the inhabitants of the most important and of the most rowdy districts in the new territory are now peacefully pursuing their usual avocations. The districts to which I refer are the Castle Peak District, Ha Ts'ün District, P'ing Shán District, Sháp Pát Heung District with Ün Long at its head, Kam T'in District, and Pát Heung District

Two sets of iron gates, belonging to the Kam T'in District, have been carried by the inhabitants of that district to Flagstaff Hill. This has had an excellent effect. The walls of the villages at Kam Tin have not been pulled down; only the entrances to two of the villages having iron gates have been blown up. Lieutenant BARRETT or Mr. MAY will be able to explain exactly what has been done.

NG K'I-CH'EUNG and TANG Ló-PAN, two of the ringleaders in the recent move- ment, whose statements I forwarded to you yesterday, have returned to their villages after having found security in $2,000 each to appear whenever called upon. I attach a translation of the Bond signed by them and their 5 securities. As I informed you yesterday, it is absolutely necessary that a rule should be passed giving power to demand security.

* Enclosure No. 1.

>

57

All the arms, &c. surrendered, amounting to 97 pieces, were forwarded to Táipó yesterday. That number is made up as follows:-

40 Spears.

23 Small Guns.

6 Large Guns. 28 Muskets.

97

It will not be possible to start the executive machinery of Government until I have visited all the important parts of the territory in the same manner as these districts here. This will take some time. I am, of course, making enquiries at each place with a view to dividing the territory into Districts, and consulting the elders on certain points. I will push on as quickly as I can, but there are many things to consider. I trust, however, that we may have a somewhat easier time at other places than we have had here, and I have no doubt we shall, as the people are returning to their usual occupations.

The members of the Police living here are fairly comfortably housed in the same house we have been occupying. They might remain on here, the owner of the house being paid a fair rent. He is quite willing to lend his house, but does not want rent. That is a matter that can be arranged later on, but I think rent should be paid. We have been careful to pay for all supplies, &c. obtained here.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART, Colonial Secretary.

ENCLOSURE NO. 1 IN COLONIAL SECRETARY'S Minute of the 25TH APRIL, 1899.

Translation of Bond.

We, TANG CHÁK-HING, TANG TS'ING-WAN, T'ÁN KWONG-HO, CHÁN ÜT-HIN, and TANG CHAN-ÜN, hereby agree to act as sureties for NG K'I-CH'EUNG and undertake that he will return to his home and live as a law-abiding and peaceful subject, and that he will appear whenever called upon to do so. In the event of his failing to appear we, as sureties, are willing to forfeit the sum of Two thousand Dollars ($2,000). This is a true and genuine agreement.

(Colonial Secretary's Minute of the 26th April, 1899.)

SHEUNG SHUI (NEAR FAN LING),

26th April, 1899.

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

We left Ping Shán yesterday morning at 8.30 a.m. and reached Sheung Shui at 3 p.m.

All the villages along the route received us with crackers and had the white flag of submission flying in front of their villages. The elders in each village came out to receive us, and I told them in each instance that all good people would be protected and should return to their work as usual and that disturbers of the peace would be severely dealt with. I requested them to co-operate with the Government Authorities in bringing bad characters to justice.

The elders of the small villages expressed a hope that they would be specially protected from the bullying they have been experiencing from large villages, and I informed them that protection would be afforded to all, whether strong or weak.

The following are the villages through which we passed and at which we were received by the elders :-

1. Sha Pò in the Kam T'in District.

2. Pok Wai in the

3. Chuk Ün in the

4. Mai Pò in the

17

""

""

6

58

5. San Tin in the Sheung U Division (including the villages of

Tsò T'au and Lok Ma Chau).

6. Ho Sheung in the Sheung U Division.

7. Sheung Shui

8. Shek U

9. Fan Ling

15

27

>>

21

>>

>1

The two last places were visited after we had reached Sheung Shui. Petitions have been presented by-

1. San Tin (including Tsò T'au and Lok Ma Chau). This is one of the largest villages in the territory and has a population

of over 2,000 people.

2. Wo Sheung Heung.

3. Sheung Shui.

4. Kam Ts'in and In Kong.

5. Fan Ling (including Sò Kon Pò and Fan Ling Lau).

San Tin, Sheung Shui, and Fan Ling are the largest villages in this part of the territory. The inhabitants of the two latter were very insolent to Mr. MaY when he visited them last month to select a site for a Police Station.

All the Petitions are couched in terms exactly identical with those pre- sented at Ping Shán, translations of which have been already forwarded.

I have informed the Petitioners that they should carry on their various occupations as usual, and tell the villagers, as I have already done, that well- behaved people will be protected and disturbers of the peace punished. I have also told them that the Government expects the gentry, elders, and villagers to co-operate in the maintenance of peace and good order.

I handed to the Petitioners copies of Your Excellency's Chinese proclama- tion and Chinese translations of the Local Communities Ordinance with the request that they would take steps to explain the contents of the latter to the inhabitants within their District.

I also called upon the Petitioners to surrender all arms in their possession and they have just gone off to bring them. I am afraid they will not be back before Major Koe, who came here last night, has to leave for Táipó to catch the launch which will take this to Hongkong.

I attach a sketch of the Flag* hoisted in front of the larger villages we passed, with a translation of the characters on it. The flags in front of the smaller villages are plain white with no characters on them,

I regret to say that Major WATSON, R.A.M.C., was attacked yesterday by a buffalo and severely hurt, but he is still able to discharge his duties and is all the better this morning for a good night's rest.

In the country through which we passed yesterday-we marched about 15 miles from Ping Shán to Fan Ling--we saw men and women carrying on their farming operations as usual and all the inhabitants-nien, women, and children-- have returned to their villages through which we passed, and to Sheung Shui, where we are now staying, and to Fan Ling, which we visited last night.

I met Mr. BADELEY, Deputy Superintendent of Police, at Fan Ling, and he is coming on with me to-day to Wo Hang where we intend to stay to-night. To- morrow we will return to Táipó, unless anything unforeseen occurs to stop us. There are rumours here that resistance may be offered in the neighbourhood of Starling Inlet, which we will reach to-morrow.

I am giving Mr. BADELEY all the information I already have and can gather regarding the murder.

I examined, in company with Mr. BADELEY and Colonel THE O'GORMAN, yester- day evening a site for a Police Station near the village at Fu Ti Au. One of the leading villagers accompanied us and stated that there would be no real objection to the site we think best, which is admirably situated on a hill, commanding a view of the valley in which we now are and the valley which runs right up to the Sham Chun River.

As regards Police Stations, I think they should be put in hand at once as any delay may only lead to further trouble.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART, Colonial Secretary.

*Enclosure No. 1.

59

ENCLOSURE NO. 1 IN COLONIAL SECRETARY'S MINUTE OF THE 26TH APRIL, 1899.

英界内歸順

民良

"SUBMISSIVE AND LOYAL PEOPLE RESIDING WITHIN BRITISH

TERRITORY."

60

REPORT BY LIEUT.-COLONEL THE O'GORMAN ON THE MILITARY

OPERATIONS IN THE CHINESE HINTERLAND.

TAIPÓ, 6th May, 1899.

.

SIR,

I have the honour to submit to you my report upon the operations connected with the taking over of the newly leased Territory, briefly alluding to circumstances preceding the date when hostilities actually commenced.

1. Your Excellency remembers the first incident at Táipó Hü when the Hon. F. H. MAY, Captain Superintendent of Police, (with 9 Sikhs) was attacked by the villagers on erecting some matsheds, and narrowly escaped being murdered. You, with staff, proceeded to the scene of the outrage in Her Majesty's Ship Whiting on the night of the 3rd of April, arriving at 9 a.m. to find the matshed in ashes and that Mr. MAY had left. The measures then taken by you and the Hon. J. H. Stewart LockhaRT, Colonial Secretary, to pacify the villagers and inspire them with confidence in British justice and protection, must be fresh in your memory.

Notwithstanding the clemency shown by you on this occasion, the Táipó people, later on, absolutely refused to allow matsheds or barracks for police to be erected near their villages, and when Mr. MAY again landed, on the 14th ultimo, he found the remaining inatshed burnt to the ground, and the people assuming such a threatening attitude that it was necessary to re-embark at once. Finally the situation in the Hinterland became so serious that it was evident that the presence of troops at or in the neighbourhood of Táipó would be necessary a day or two before the date fixed for taking the country under British rule; no active Military resistance was anticipated, but it seemed probable that riots would occur.

2. On the 15th ultimo Captain BERGER, with three Jemadars and 122 Rank and File of the Hongkong Regiment, marched, under your orders, to Táipó for the purpose of forming a camp and making suitable arrangements for the ceremony of the 17th ultimo, the date which His Excellency the Governor had fixed upon for hoisting the British Flag, on our acquisition of the Kowloon Hinterland.

Captain BERGER, on arrival, within about a mile of Táipó, saw that the hills in the neighbourhood were crowned by Chinese, evidently bent on opposing his advance; he reconnoitred and made suitable dispositions to protect his troops. He states that be counted 6 or 7 banners and estimated the enemy's numbers at 1,200 men; he then steadily advanced towards Táipó where he meant to occupy

small hill in a good tactical position.

Captain BERGER had very strict orders to avoid a conflict with the Chinese, if at all possible, because the Hinterland had not actually been taken over; he therefore stood on the defensive until the Chinamen had opened Artillery fire upon him at 1,200 yards range and were seen to be approaching with rifles, when he fired some long range volley's which had the effect of inducing them to adopt a more cautious attitude though they still poured in Mortar fire which fortunately fell either short or high over head. One N.C.O. of the Hongkong Regiment was hit in the foot but not seriously hurt; there was no other casualty on our side.

3. At 6 pm. II.M.S. Fame came into Tolo Harbour. Captain BERGER signalled to the Commander to land a supply of ammunition. Captain LONG, D.A.A.G. (B) came ashore with it and, being the senior Military Officer, assumed command of the troops. Lieut. KEYES, R.N., Commander of the Fame, brought ashore an armed party of Blue Jackets.

About this time it became evident that offensive action must be taken because darkness was approaching and the enemy were closing in and threatening an attack on our camp and might possibly make a rush during the night.

The dispositions, under Captain LONG's orders, appear to have been admirably conceived and carried out, the result being that the camp was left in peace during the night.

4. Arrangements had been made to establish signalling communications between Head Quarters and the Kowloon Pass, and at about 8 p.m. a message reached you from Captain BERGER, communicating the circumstances of the situation, and asking for re-inforcements. Shortly afterwards I, as your Chief Staff Officer, proceeded to Kowloon to order out 300 soldiers of the Hongkong Regiment under command of Lieut.-Colonel RETALLICK, with directions to be at Sha Tin by daybreak on the 16th and expeditiously to push on to Táipó.

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"

RETALLICK started at 2 aan., arriving there at mid-day on the 16th. The route over the Kowloon Pass was bad marcling and thence to Sha Tin also bad, but it was known to Colonel RETALLICK and his officers so that no serions difficulty was to be anticipated.

Captain SIMMONDS, R.A., with his company of the Hongkong-Singapore Battalion R.A., arrived about the same time, his guns having been sent round by sea under escort.

6. His Excellency the Governor on the night of the 15th ultimo determined to antedate by a day the hoisting of the British Flag and the taking over the Kowloon Territory in order that he might be in a position to at once assume the power of administering the Hinterland and promptly quell disturbances under the authority of the Queen's Government. The ceremony was performed at 3 p.m. on the 16th April, 1899, under Your Excellency's Military Command.

Before leaving Hongkong on this mission Your Excellency most kindly intimated to me your desire to entrust me with the Command of the Kowloon Field Force whenever you might decide upon leaving Táipó on return to Hong- kong, and at 3 p.m. on the 17th ultimo you handed over to me this command. I have already orally expressed to Your Excellency my gratitude for this mark of confidence in me and beg to reiterate my thanks.

7. I now have the honour to report in detail on the operations that took place after my assumption of Command.

On the 17th ultimo at 4 p.m. very heavy hostile Artillery fire was heard from the direction of Chung Uk Ts'ün. Captain BERGER, with 250 men of the Hongkong Regiment, had already gone to Shelter Trench Hill (the Chinese had constructed here a very creditable two hour shelter trench made on orthodox principles evidently under Military supervision) to dislodge the enemy who had taken up a position with guns on the crest of Wa Mi Hill and who had been firing at our camp, at 2,500 yards range, for some time. He swung to the left, entered the village of Fong Ma Po, closely followed by Lieut. BARRETT with a reserve comprising soldiers of the Hongkong Regiment.

BERGER soon became hotly engaged; his force with the Reserve was amply sufficient to meet all eventualities, and I left him full control of the infantry. He carried out the work in a most praiseworthy, soldierly manner.

I now ascertained that the enemy was retiring slowly in a S.W. direction through the Lam Ts'un Valley keeping up a hot Artillery and Rifle fire. I sent word to Captain SIMMONDS to co-operate with BERGER with his guns. SIMMONDS unfortunately took a wrong turn moving East towards Fan Ling instead of to the S.W. He afterwards explained that he had got his guns to Fong Ma Pó; that his coolies were weary; that night was coming on, and that finding that he could not keep pace with the infantry over the broken ground and believing that his presence in the Fan Ling Valley would lend effectual aid to the Camp and cover BERGER'S retirement, if necessary, he took up the best available position and bivouacked for the night. He had a company of the Hongkong-Singapore Batta- lion R.A. and a strong escort from the Hongkong Regiment, so his safety was assured.

In a tactical sense it was unfortunate that SIMMONDS had not kept touch with BERGER. His guns would have been very effective in dislodging the enemy from some very strong positions they took up on crests of hills in the Lam Ts'un Valley. As events, however, turned out, the guns were not required, for the Hongkong Regi- ment Soldiers drove back the enemy from hill to hill and working admirably, like true Indian Frontier fighting men, they took full advantage of cover while continuing hotly the pursuit of the foe.

Had this advance not been conducted with great care the loss to our troops must have been heavy.

The Chinese fired almost incessantly for 1 hours, pouring in round shot 31⁄2 inches in diameter from inuzzle loaders and dropping musketry fire all about our men. Fortunately the configuration of the country favoured cover and our casualties were few. I regret to say that Major BROWN, R.A.M.C., was slightly wounded in the right upper arm by a spent bullet. He returned to camp at Táipó at 11 p.m. naking light of his wound, which rendered his return to Hongkong necessary, and which I now hear has been very painful.

*

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:

Captain BERGER's Force captured 3 guns and utterly routed the Chinese who fled over the Lam Ts'un Pass and on to Sheung Tsun at the head of the Pát Heung Valley, where BERGER, still pursuing, lost touch with them and bivouacked for the night.

8. At 8 p.m. Captain SIMMONDS sent me a messenger asking for food for 3 British Officers and 120 Indian soldiers, also for one blanket per man. I sent these things by coolies under a fairly strong escort. At 8.30 p.m. BERGER applied for ammunition by signal message. I saw that he must have ammunition at all costs as he was in the heart of the enemy's country, so I got 40 soldiers of the Hongkong Regiment, 11 Sikh policemen and all the coolies I could muster and despatched the lot under Mr. MAY, Captain Superintendent of Police, who had very kindly volunteered to proceed in charge.

9. My camp had now only 16 soldiers left in it, so I signalled to Commander DAVISON, R.N., of Her Majesty's Ship Humber in the Harbour, to land an armed party for its protection. This request was promptly acceded to and I felt that

Flagstaff Hill" and the Queen's Standard were safe.

10. At about 10 p.m. firing ceased. I sent an order to BERGER that he must not move beyond his bivouac unless he could co-operate with a force that I thought might possibly be sent out to Castle Peak at daybreak on the 18th ultimo. I sent Your Excellency a signal message reporting particulars up to date. I also wrote in detail the particulars of the previous evening's action so far as they were known to me, and despatched the letter next morning.

11. At daybreak on the 18th April, after consultation with Mr. STEWART LOCKHART, Colonial Secretary, I determined to push on to Sheung Ts'ün to join BERGER, for I knew that the Insurgent Forces had all gone West and that the scene of action, having shifted from Táipó to the Pát Heung Valley, my place should be with the advance at Sheung Ts'ün. I informed Commander DAVISON, R.N., of my intention and nominated Major KOE, A.S.C., as the Cfficer in Military Command at the Base.

12. At 7 a.m. a portion of BERGER's troops were seen returning to camp, he having left BARRETT with a detachment at Sheung Ts'ün. He had come in to get food and blankets for his men and ammunition. The men had a square meal after which we started, accompanied by STEWART LOCKHART, and pushing on rapidly reached Sheung Ts'ün where we found BARRETT all safe. A few rounds from guns had been fired at his men in the early morning but no attack had been made on his position. On the march we passed through the Lam Ts'ün Valley where Captain BERGER pointed out to me the details of the previous evening's engagement; he explained the absence of many casualties to our force by the fact that the Chinese kept firing in the direction of the mountain path, believing that troops would not be able to move over the steep hill sides.

They little knew the soldiers of the Hongkong Regiment. When they found out their mistake they became so disconcerted that their fire was wild and practi- cally harmless.

13. On my way to Sheung Ts'ün I sent a message to SIMMONDS to join me with two guns at that place. The other two guns were at Táipó Cainp.

14. Reviewing this little action, I desire to bring to Your Excellency's notice the admirable manner in which Captain BERGER of the Hongkong Regiment handled the Infantry Force. I had at first believed that he had pushed on too far from his base and rather feared that the Chinese might have drawn him into an ambuscade; but reflection and a review of the situation convinced me that he was quite right. Some seven years' acquaintance with the Chinese character and the poor efforts that the enemy had made on the previous day, together with the knowledge that they were not well armed, must have shown him that the true tactics in dealing with a Chinese foe were to attack and pursue till their flight bad made immediate concen- tration for concerted action impossible.

15. Lieutenant BARRETT also fulfilled his duties with ability and courage.

16. As for the Indian Officers and soldiers of the Hongkong Regiment, their courage and Military bearing under a heavy fire deserve the highest praise; and their natural qualities as hillmen have made them admirable soldiers for frontier warfare in this mountainous region.

63

www.

Action of Sheung Ts'ün.

18.4.99.

17. Captain SIMMONDS' force of 4 guns with escort unfortunately took no part in the evening's action, having gone to Fan Ling under a mistaken appreciation of the enemy's intention; his guns replied to the enemy's in the early part of the day when close to Táipó Camp, and compelled the enemy to move his Artillery from the Wa Mi Hills. I append Captain SIMMONDS' report * for Your Excellency's information.

18. It is impossible to render even an approximate estimate of the enemy's casualties, for Chinamen always carry away their wounded and dead.

19. I wish to add that in the march to Sheung Ts'ün we found the country quiet, but the people showed us no civility, and we found it impossible to obtain coolies or supplies on payment. A sullen acquiescence in our proceedings was `evinced.

20. Arrived at Sheung Ts'ün I found that the Hongkong Regiment had taken possession of a court-yard capacious enough to hold 400 soldiers in which they had put dry straw and had made themselves very fairly comfortable. Some had been without much food for nearly a day but speedily made up for lost time on our bringing up their rations.

21. At about 2.30 p.m. a report was made to me that a large force of Chinese was seen approaching. On examining the situation I saw a goodly number in the far distance evidently intent on attacking us; I ordered Captain BERGER to make preparations to receive these people, directing that only fresh troops should be sent out, the tired ones being left in reserve in quarters. At 3 p.m. BERGER had posted his men in their allotted positions and we awaited the enemy's advance. He came on in three lines and in fairly regular formation over a perfectly level plain on dry ploughed land, waving banners and shouting loudly. It was dis- tinctly a determined advance for Chinamen. They commenced firing at long ranges, the 3-inch diameter shot falling close around us; some rifle bullets were heard but these were few; jingall fire was almost continuous. When within 500 yards BERGER had a couple of rounds fired to make sure of the distance and to see what their effect would be; the Chinamen evidently did not like them. BERGER then advanced, got his men into a water course well under cover and went straight for the enemy who, on seeing our men, turned and bolted without firing another shot. We made a general advance, keeping up a heavy fire until the active Chinamen had got away out of range. The Hongkong Regiment fired individually and very deliberately. A few of the enemy fell but were carried away by their friends. In my opinion not many of them were hit. Seven men were observed to fall and we saw two corpses in another part of the field later on. I know it is not easy to hit running men at distances beyond 600 yards, but considering the number of rounds fired the enemy's casualties were, I believe, slight. No man was hit on our side though several had narrow escapes, shot falling within a few feet of them. SIMMONDS' guns had not arrived from Fan Ling and therefore did not take any part in to-day's action.

We pursued the flying enemy for some distance and then halted and collected the arms they left on the plain. Some seven pieces of small calibre Artillery, a quantity of jingalls and a few old fashioned rifles were picked up.

22. I cannot claim any merit for having inflicted only, as I believe, small loss upon our enemy in this action, but I am heartily glad that not many of them were killed or even hit; these rebels were mostly misguided creatures, badly armed and untrained to war, a foe utterly unworthy of a soldier's steel.

23. I believe the enemy's force was pretty considerable on this occasion and that they staked their all on the issue. Their intention was to press home and crush us believing in the vast superiority of their numbers and in a certain vic- tory. The Chinaman had no idea of the power of the modern rifle and no heart to come to close quarters; he made no attempt at a stand.

This defeat shattered their confidence in their warlike attempts and I then felt sure they would not again assume the offensive or openly resist our arms. Subsequent information revealed the fact that 2,600 men took part in this action, and there is good reason to believe that, at least, one-third were men who came from beyond the British boundary.

* Not printed.

:

:

64

The Viceroy of Canton might well be called upon to explain the presence of these men. If he did not send them he certainly must have connived at their assist- ance in the revolt.

24. I now consulted Mr. STEWART LOCKHART, who had been present at the action, about the advisability of blowing down some walls of the Kam T'in Villages, situated about 2 miles from the scene of the action. He entirely concurred in the desirability of blowing up the gates of the Fui Sha Wai village. We marched there at once, warned all women and children to leave the village, which they did in considerable numbers; a few old men also came out and "kotowed," but no young ones; they were probably among those who had been defeated at the action and were still on the run and far away over the hills.

Our two sappers applied some slabs of gun cotton to the walls and so effectually that the explosion made a large breach of crumbled bricks and mortar, bringing down the iron gates. We tried a like effect upon another wall, but its thickness, 5 feet, was more than our supply of gun cotton was equal to tackling and that, combined, perhaps, with haste necessitated by advancing night rendered the demolition less effective.

After this we returned to quarters, some 5 miles distant, arriving at 9.15 p.m. and finding there SIMMONDS and his guns. He reported having blown down the gates of Sheung Wai.

25. Lieut. HILLMAN and 37 men R.N. had arrived with a convoy of provisions for our men, but nothing for officers.

26. After consultation with STEWART LOCKHART we started early, marching through the Pát Heung Valley (the scene of the previous afternoon's encounter). I left 45 soldiers at Sheung Ts'ün, to be joined in a couple of hours later by 35 men from Táipó; detached a hundred under BERGER to reconnoitre the hills in the direc- tion of Ts'un Wan; and with 2 guns and 200 rank and file of the Hongkong Regi- ment and the R.N. detachment (who by the way were terribly sore at missing the little engagement at Sheung Ts'ün and were pining for a "go" at the enemy) we advanced through Kam Tin to Un Long, where a few old men came to "kotow." We entered the village, got hold of some of the elders, and Mr. STEWART LOCKHART addressed them, endeavouring to remove the feeling of disquietude evidently prevalent among them. All this neighbourhood was full of rowdies who stirred up revolt throughout the district, terrorizing the peaceful inhabitants and compelling them, under pain of death, to take up arms against the British. Plausible arguments were used by them that under British rule heavy taxes would be levied, their civil and religious liberties destroyed, etc., etc. Many of the villagers had lost friends and felt they had been duped, but their passions had been roused and a couple of days were insufficient to allay their anger.

Thence we marched to Ping Shán where we rested awhile, found an excellent house for the men, another for officers, capital drinking water and some very good flour for the troops. The officers also got a meal which was truly acceptable after a day and a half with practically nothing but rice and a little Chinese sugar. STEWART LOCKHART and I pushed on to Ha Ts'ün village 2 miles off, taking 20 men and resting the remainder at Ping Shán to which place we returned after dark.

27. The affair at Sheung Ts'ün ended the Military Campaign, but sullen resentment was depicted in the faces of the people and, though they grovelled, I knew that the embers of revolt only smouldered and that the presence of a Mili- tary Force was essential to restore order.

The elders who "kotowed" to us declared that "there were no arms in the village, those which were seen there last year, having been taken off by the insur- gents. Lieut. BARRETT, however, when bathing in a stream hit off 6 small pieces of ordnance, which had evidently been thrown there on our approach, and STEWART LOCKHART found powder and newly made bullets in one of the temples.

28. I gave the men a day's rest-well deserved; they had ample food, were well housed and declared themselves quite comfortable.

29. Late in the evening I heard that Major MORRIS, R.A., with some guns and an escort of the Hongkong Regiment had arrived at Kam T'in and had pro- ceeded thence to Táipó, where I sent him Your Excellency's orders to embark and return to Hongkong.

19.4.99.

20.4.99.

21.4.99.

22.4.99.

23.4.99.

65

30. The Naval detachment returned to-day and I intimated to DAVISON that his assistance could now be dispensed with, thanking him for the aid he had so promptly rendered in a time of need.

31. At about 2 p.m. Mr. STEWART LOCKHART received a petition from a woman and her son praying for redress on account of the murder of her husband and the boy's father. Her statements were that TANG A CHEUNG, her husband, had been sent from Hongkong about the middle of the month, with the Governor's Proclamation with instructions to distribute copies in the villages in the P'ing Shán, Un Long, and Kam Tin Districts. On arrival near Un Long he was seized and kept a pri- soner for a day and a half. In the meantime certain ringleaders sat in council at the Ün Long Meeting-house and, after deliberation, they hired a man to murder him. The unfortunate creature was cruelly beaten, shot (3 wounds in the body), tied in a pig basket and thrown into a creek.

32. By 10 a.m. a large number of elders of many villages assembled to pre- sent petitions praying for mercy and forgiveness. They assured us that they had been led away by bad characters, that they sincerely repented of their errors, and promised future good behaviour. All day long petitions kept pouring in and men gave voluntary evidence betraying the origin of the revolt, the names of the ring- leaders, and the measures taken by them to stir up a rising.

33. We proceeded to Ün Long in the afternoon. We found some damning documentary evidence in the Meeting-house. We returned to camp about dark.

34. Proclamations were issued by Mr. STEWART LOCKHART assuring the people of our desire to protect them and directing all the villagers to return to their houses and resume the cultivation of their lands. By every possible means we endeavoured to restore order and confidence and with success far beyond our hopes.

35. It now became evident that a large force in the Hinterland bad become unnecessary, and when Your Excellency ordered me to reduce my numbers to 200 men, "unless grave and urgent reasons to the contrary should exist," I felt that, in complying, the reduction would not imperil the safety of our position.

36. A few days later I recommended a still further reduction to 100 men, a measure which Your Excellency approved.

37. It seems unnecessary to chronicle in detail the unimportant events that succeeded my return to Táipó on the 27th ultimo. Peace had been restored in the Western portion of the district, and with judicious treatment it was fair to assume that a like confidence would soon be felt in British good Government in the Northern portion of the Territory. These anticipations are being realized to the full. Petitions have been presented from some 200 villages in the New Terri- tory.

38. To the Honourable J. H. STEWART LOCKHART, C.M.G., Colonial Secretary, is due the admirable results that have been attained in the Civil administration of this Territory during this brief state of turmoil; his measures have been taken with great energy and ability and in a manner that, long experience has shown him, were suitable to the occasion. The result has been a most complete success.

Only those on the spot can realize the amount of labour and care he has devoted from early morning till late at night to the discharge of these trying duties.

A most hearty co-operation has existed throughout between us and no differ- ence of opinion on any one point has arisen.

39. In conclusion, I wish to say that great care has been taken to keep the Troops in good health and that the Medical Officer with me, Major WATSON, R.A.M.C., has assisted most efficiently to this end.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

N. V. O'GORMAN.

To His Excellency

THE GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING,

China and Hongkong.

66

(Colonial Secretary's Minute of the 11th May, 1899.)

YOUR EXCELLENCY,

TAI PÓ HU, 11th May, 1899.

On arrival at Sheung Shui on the 25th April last, I caused the house of Liu WAN-KUK, who was absent from the village, to be searched, as I had reason to believe he had taken a leading part in organising the resistance against the British in the Sheung Ü District.

In his house were found the following documents of which I attach copies and a translation*:-

Book B gives a list of the villages which subscribed towards the pur-

chase of arms.

Book C shows what grain, &c., was sent to the Temple at Shek

Sheung Shui.

Book D gives an entry of moneys received.

Book E contains entries of payments made.

Ú

near

Book F contains an account of payments made for carrying letters, and among the payments are those for letters conveyed to Wong Pui Ling: U Pui: Lo U: Heung Sai: Ts'oi Uk-wai: Sheung Pó: Shat'aukok: Wong Kong: and Shat'an, which places are outside our boundary, as will be seen on reference to the Sketch Map, which I attach.

*

From Sheung Shui I proceeded to Fan Ling, where I met LIU WAN-KUK. He made a Statement of which I attach a translation.†

From Fan Ling I returned to Sheung Shui and on my way caused the "Governor's Temple" at Shek Ú to be searched. That temple is used as a meet- ing-house. A heap of papers was found in an incense burner, the papers having been torn into small pieces. I had the pieces collected and carefully put together. The result is the correspondence (Nos. 1-10) of which I attach a translation. The correspondence is in the handwriting of LIU WAN-KUK.

તી.

Letter No. 8 in this correspondence is interesting as showing that Sham Chun in Chinese territory was a centre of organisation. This must have been known to the Chinese officials there.

The translation of the accounts, No. 10,§ corroborates Book F and shows that active communication was being maintained between Sheung Shui in our territory and the places shown in the sketch map,* in Chinese territory, which are under- lined in the translation.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Colonial Secretary.

ENCLOSURE No. 2 IN COLONIAL SECRETARY'S MINUTE

OF THE 11TH MAY, 1899.

1.

A PUBLIC NOTICE.

The following regulation was decided upon at the meeting held this day in the temple dedicated to a former Governor of the Kwong Tung province in the Sheung U Division:-

"No village in our Division is allowed to export grain. If any one secretly attempts to export grain he will be arrested and the grain so seized will be handed over to and stored in the Governor's temple and used hereafter for commissariat purposes. The trade in live-stock, pawnbroking, etc. will be allowed to proceed as usual."

This notice is issued from the Governor's temple by the Committee of the Sheung Ü Division.

* Not printed.

† Enclosure No. 1.

Enclosure No. 2.

§ Not printed.

67

2.

Our Division, the Sheung U Tung, and your Division, the Un Long, have been disturbed by the barbarians in a most insolent manner. You say that on the 8th day (17 April) there will be a great battle when our forces will collect at three points. I

this is true. I am afraid we will not be able to resist them. Your presume District and ours are adjacent and united by bonds of kinship. We must help one another and render mutual support so as to avoid endless disaster.

Excuse my suggesting that you should not stand by with folded arms.

3.

I have received your letter and noted its contents. The villages in our division have not decided on any plan of warlike operations and our commissariat and arms are insufficient [not prepared]. I think that it will be

I think that it will be very difficult to determine a plan of resistance. But we look up to your Division and whatever regulations you may make we will follow.

4.

I have received your letter and noted its contents. The villages in our Division have no plans. Moreover, our commissariat and arms being insufficient, how can we offer effective resistance? We request your Division to decide on the plan of compaign and we will follow your instructions.

5.

The Sheung U Division has spent 14 dollars for the conveyance of letters which expense should be defrayed by the 4 clans-Liu, Tang, Hau, and P'áng. Very little now remains of the Committee's funds. The subscription of $3.50 which is to be paid by each clan please draw from the Man Shek-tong's public fund and hand the amount to A PING to bring here to meet current expenses. The Hau, Tang, and P'áng clans have already paid their subscriptions, but the Liu clan has not yet done so and I anticipate there will be difficulty about it.

Το my eldest nephew.

Dated 8th day (17th April).

SHI TAI (ie., LIU WAN-KUK).

6. NOTICE

Now that the various villages in our Division have resisted the English and as their weapons are most effective, it is feared some will not be able to escape them. If any one is even slightly wounded he will be medically treated until he has completely recovered.

77.

On receipt of this pay 30 cents to A PING for wages for work done.

To my nephew A TIM.

Dated 7th (16th April?)

SHI TAI (ie., LIU WAN-KUK).

8.

The clans of our Division have met and decided to proceed to-morrow to the (Tung Ping Kuk at) Sham (Chun) to ascertain what plans have been decided on by the various clans. We therefore specially write to inform you and to request that the gentry of your Division will come to-morrow to our Division, so that we all proceed together by which the sentiments of our two Divisions may be manifested. We trust that you will make a point of coming. We shall be very much obliged.

may

9.

The Un Long Division states that there are 3,000 fighting men coming to our territory to unite with the villages in our territory in offering armed resistance. If this is true I entreat you to remove the flag of submission which I understand you have hoisted so as to prevent the men of the lower part of our Division from

68

availing themselves of this as a pretext to again create trouble which would be awkward for us. You young people should reflect before you act.

[You know whom this is from, so I do not sign my name.].

10.*

ENCLOSURE No. 2 IN COLONIAL SECRETARY'S MINUTE OF 11th May, 1899.

The Statement of Liu Wan-kuk.

On the 1st of the 2nd moon (12th March, I returned from Canton to my home (in Sheung Shui). On the 20th (31st March) a letter from TANG TSING-SZ, of the Un Long Division, arrived for my nephew (LIU) IN-Ü summon- ing the gentry of the villages in the Sheung U Division to meet on the 21st day (1st April) in the Un Long Division to discuss matters. My nephew (LIU) In-Ü therefore specially told me to proceed thither in a chair to see what was in- tended. I went to the meeting-house in the Un Long Division with HAU FUNG- KAI, PANG TAK-MAU, MAN LAI-TONG and TANG A-FUK. There were also present in the meeting-house the gentry of Ping Shán, Kam Tin, Ha Ts'ün and Shap Pát Heung who took part in the discussion. They said, "What regulations have made as regards the Sheung U Division ?" We replied, "The Sheung U Division "has made no regulations of any kind. If you say you are going to resist we "will most certainly refuse to comply. Great Britain and the Emperor of China "have decided regarding the leased area and a boundary has been delimited, the "territory within which is to be under British jurisdiction. We therefore could not "on any account presume to offer resistance."

you

On the 22nd day (2nd April) we took our leave, and I and the others who came with me returned to our homes.

On the 1st of the 3rd moon (10th April), the Ün Long Division made a great show of force, and stated in a most peremptory manner that if we refused to join in the resistance of the British thousands of men from the Un Long Division with arms would proceed to level to the ground the villages belonging to the Liu, Tang, and I'áng families. The Sheung U Division was therefore com- pelled on the 3rd day (11th April) to request the Hau, Liu, Pang, Tang, Man clans to meet in the temple dedicated to a former Governor of the Kwong Tung province. There it was decided to raise a small public subscription so as on the one hand to prevent our Division from being disturbed and destroyed by the Ün Long Division, and on the other hand to prevent rowdies from other places avail- ing themselves of the opportunity to create trouble and to plunder. It was also "decided that the various villages in our division should have their trainbands (or militia) in readiness so that we should not be unprepared, should occasion arise, and be powerless to check disorder. Our Division was the victim of cir- cumstances which we could not prevent. Our trainband (or militia) was in- tended solely for the protection of the old and young in our Division.

This is a true statement of the facts of the case and I dare to swear before heaven: "If I have stated anything false may the gods of heaven and earth visit me with such punishment as I may deserve."

A true statement by LIU WAN-KUK.

Appended is a list of the leaders of the Ün Long gentry.

Dated the 26th April, 1899.

1. TANG TSING-SZ.

2. NG K·I-CH'EUNG.

3. TANG WAI-LUN.

HONGKONG

No. 118.

SIR,

(Secretary of State to Governor.)

DOWNING STREET,

23rd June, 1899.

I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your Despatch No. 107 of the 28th April and its enclosures, in which you have given me some further details of the recent disturbances in connection with the taking over of the new Territory.

Statement of Accounts not printed.

Governor

69

2. I have read your despatch and enclosures with interest, and an confirmed in the favourable opinion which I expressed in my despatch No. 96 of the 26th ultimo as to your own action and the manner in which you have been supported both by civilian officials and by Her Majesty's Naval and Military Forces. Without wishing to undervalue in any way the services rendered by others, it is evident to me that much has been due to the energy of Mr. LOCKHART, and to his local knowledge.

3. I have not failed to bring to the notice of the Secretary of State for War and the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty the manner in which you have spoken of the services rendered by the Naval and Military Forces.

4. I have at the same time to acknowledge the receipt of your Despatch No. 105 of the 27th April enclosing a copy of a letter addressed to you by the Secretary to the Hongkong Chamber of Commerce in reference to the recent disturbances.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient,

humble Servant,

Sir H. A. BLAKE, G.C.M.G.,

HONGKONG. No. 130.

&c.,

SIR,

&c.,

fc.

J. CHAMBERLAIN.

(Under-Secretary of State to Governor.)

DOWNING STREET,

19th July, 1899.

I have the honour to transmit to you, with reference to previous correspond- ence, a copy of a document * respecting the services rendered by the Troops under Major-General Gascoigne, c.m.g., in the occupation of the leased territory.

The Officer Administering the Government of

HONGKONG.

No. 083/3568.

I have, &c.,

EDWARD WINGFIELD, for the Secretary of State.

SIR,

ENCLOSURE No. 1 IN UNDER-SECRETARY OF STATE'S DESPATCH OF THE

19TH JULY, 1899.

WAR OFFICE, LONDON, 10th July, 1899.

I am directed by the Secretary of State for War to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 27th ultimo, bringing to notice the services rendered by the Troops under the command of Major-General GASCOIGNE, C.M.G., in connection with the taking over of the New Territory recently annexed to the Colony of Hongkong, and in reply I am to acquaint you that the Commander-in-Chief has perused this favourable report with much satisfaction and has caused it to be duly recorded.

I have, &c.,

R. H. KNOX.

The Under-SECRETARY OF STATE, COLONIAL OFFICE.

* Enclosure No. 1.

Printed by NORONHA & Co., Printers to the Hongkong Government, Nos. 5, 7 & 9, Zetland Street.

No. 1.

REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

FINANCE COMMITTEE,

AT A MEETING HELD IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER, HONGKONG

On the 25th January, 1899.

PRESENT:

The Honourable the Acting Colonial Secretary, (THOMAS SERCOMBE SMITH), Chairman.

the Acting Attorney General, (HENRY EDWARD POLLOCK).

the Harbour Master, (ROBERT MURRAY RUMSEY, R.N.).

the Captain Superintendent of Police, (FRANCIS HENRY MAY, C.M.G.).

67

""

""

the Acting Colonial Treasurer, (ALEXANDER MACDONALD THOMSON). the Director of Public Works, (ROBERT DALY ORMSBY).

"}

""

""

CATCHICK PAUL CHATER, C.M.G.

HO KAI, M.B., C.M.

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G.

JAMES JARDINE BELL-IRVING.

WEI YUK.

ABSENT:

The Honourable THOMAS HENDERSON WHITEHEAD.

The Committee met at the request of the Acting Colonial Secretary.

The Minutes of the last Meeting, held on the 22nd December, 1898, were read and confirmed. Read the following Minutes under the hand of His Excellency the Governor :—

C.O.D. 307 of 1898.

C.5.0.

59 of 1899.

C.S.O. 2914 of 1897.

C.S.O. 2265 of 1898.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Two thousand Six hundred and Nine Dollars ($2,609, equivalent to £250 @ 1/11), being contribution towards the proposed establishment of a School of Tropical Medicine in London and the institution of a travelling Commission to enquire into Tropical Diseases.

Government House, Hongkong, 12th January, 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Five thousand Dollars ($5,000) in aid of the vote "Repairs to Furniture at Government House."

Government House, longkong, 12th January, 1899.

HENRY A. Blake.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Two thousand Four hundred and Thirty-eight Dollars and Sixty-seven cents ($2,438.67) in aid of the vote "Road from Victoria Gap to Mount Kellett Road."

Government House, Hongkong, 12th January, 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to re-vote the following sums being unexpend- ed balances of the votes for 1898 under the heading "Extraordinary Public Works"

Water Supply, Kowloon

Extension of Station Street, North, Kowloon

City of Victoria and Hill District Waterworks

Forming and kerbing streets to provide for extensions of the City

and Villages

Waterworks, Miscellaneous

Gaol Extension

$ 3,251

3,902

2,096

429

3,873 2,507

Total.........$16,058

Government House, Hongkong, 16th January, 1899.

The Committee unanimously agreed to recommend that the above votes be passed.

The Committee then adjourned.

Laid before the Legislative Council on the 1st February, 1899.

Read and confirmed on the 27th February, 1899.

J. G. T. BUCKLE,

Clerk of Councils.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

ART

Chairman.

No. 2.

REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

FINANCE COMMITTEE,

AT A MEETING HELD IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER, HONGKONG,

On the 27th February, 1899.

PRESENT:

The Honourable the Colonial Secretary, (JAMES HALDANE STEWART LOCKHART), Chairman. the Acting Attorney General, (HENRY EDWARD POLLOCK).

""

"}

the Harbour Master, (ROBERT MURRAY RUMSEY, R.N.).

"}

the Captain Superintendent of Police, (FRANCIS HENRY MAY, C.M.G.).

""

the Acting Colonial Treasurer, (ALEXANDER MACDONALD THOMSON).

">

the Director of Public Works, (ROBERT DALY ORMSBY).

""

>>

""

33

CATCHICK PAUL CHATER, C.M.G.

HO KAI, M.B., C.M.

THOMAS HENDERSON WHITEHEAD.

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G.

JAMES JARDINE BELL-IRVING.

WEI YUK.

>"}

69

C.S.O.

ABSENT:

His Excellency Major-General WILLIAM JULIUS GASCOIGNE, C.M.G., General Officer Commanding.

The Committee met at the request of the Colonial Secretary.

The Minutes of the last Meeting, held on the 25th January, 1899, were read and confirmed. Read the following Minute under the hand of His Excellency the Governor :-

1989 of 1887.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a suin of Three thousand and Five hundred Dollars ($3,500) for the erection of a temporary Bungalow at "The Cliffs.'

Government House, Hongkong, 14th February, 1899.

Discussion ensued.

The Committee agreed to recominend that the above vote be passed.

Mr. BELILIOs dissented.

The Committee then adjourned.

Laid before the Legislative Council on the 13th March, 1899.

Read and confirmed on the 31st July, 1899.

17

J. G. T. BUCKLE,

Clerk of Councils.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Chairman.

No. 3

REPORT OF

OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

FINANCE COMMITTEE,

AT A MEETING HELD IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER, HONGKONG,

On the 31st July, 1899.

71

PRESENT:

The Honourable the Colonial Secretary, (JAMES HALDANE STEWART LOCKHART, C.M.G.), Chairman.

""

the Acting Attorney General, (Henry Edward POLLOCK).

""

the Harbour Master, (ROBERT MURRAY RUMSEY, R.N.).

the Colonial Treasurer, (ALEXANDER MACDONALD THOMSON).

""

>>

the Captain Superintendent of Police, (FRANCIS HENRY MAY, C.M.G.).

the Director of Public Works, (Robert Daly ORMSBY).

""

HO KAI, M.B., C.M.

THOMAS HENDERSON WHITEHEAD.

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G.

WEI YUK.

ABSENT:

His Excellency Major-General WILLIAM JULIUS GASCOIGNE, C.M.G., General Officer Commanding. The Honourable CATCHICK PAUL CHATER, C.M.G.

JAMES JOHNSTONE KESWICK.

The Committee met at the request of the Colonial Secretary.

The Minutes of the last Meeting, held on the 27th February, 1899, were read and confirmed.

BILL ENTITLED AN ORDINANCE TO AUTHORISE THE APPROPRIATION of a Supplementary Sum OF THREE HUNDRED AND EIGHT THOUSAND SIX HUNDRED AND SEVENTY-TWO DOLLARS AND EIGHTY-SEVEN CENTS, TO DEFRAY THE CHARGES OF THE YEAR 1898.

The Committee unanimously agreed to recommend that the several items be passed.

The Committee then adjourned.

Laid before the Legislative Council on the 8th August, 1899.

Read and confirmed on the 24th August, 1899.

R. F. JOHNSton, Acting Clerk of Councils.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Chairman.

No. 4

REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

FINANCE COMMITTEE,

AT A MEETING HELD IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER, HONGKONG,

On the 24th August, 1899.

73

PRESENT:

The Honourable the Colonial Secretary, (JAMES HALDANE STEWART LOCKHART, C.M.G.), Chairman.

the Acting Attorney General, (HENRY EDWARD POLLOCK).

""

**

the Harbour Master, (ROBERT MURRAY RUMSEY, R.N.).

the Colonial Treasurer, (ALEXANDER MACDONALD THOMSON).

the Captain Superintendent of Police, (FRANCIS HENRY MAY, C.M.G.).

the Director of Public Works, (ROBERT DALY ORMSBY).

CATCHICK PAUL CHATER, C.M.G.

Ho KAI, M.B., C.M.

THOMAS HENDERSON WHITEHEAD.

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G.

JAMES JOHNSTONE KESWICK.

""

""

WEI YUK.

ABSENT:

C.5.0.

His Excellency Major-General WILLIAM JULIUS GASCOIGNE, C.M.G., General Officer Commanding.

The Committee met at the request of the Colonial Secretary.

The Minutes of the last Meeting, held on the 31st July, 1899, were read and confirmed.

Read the following Minutes under the hand of His Excellency the Governor :-

737 of 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of One thousand and Five hundred Dollars ($1,500) to meet the expenses of furniture, &c. at " The Cliffs."

Government House, Hongkong, 10th July, 1899.

The Committee unanimously agreed to recommend that the above vote be passed.

222 of 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

Conf. C.S.O. The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of One hundred and Seventy (Extension) thousand Dollars ($170,000) in aid of the following votes :-

New Territory,.........

$100,000

Plague,

20,000

Miscellaneous Services (Other);

40,000

Printing,

10,000

Total,...............

..$170,000

Government House, Hongkong, 15th July, 1899.

Discussion ensued.

Mr. WHITEHEAD moved that the further consideration of the vote be postponed.

Dr. Ho KAI seconded.

The Committee divided.

For.

Mr. WEI YUK.

Mr. T. H. WHITEHEAD.

Dr. Ho KAI.

C. P. CHATER.

The Acting Attorney General.

The motion was passed in the negative.

Mr. KESWICK.

Mr. BELILIOS.

Against.

The Director of Public Works.

The Captain Superintendent of Police.

The Colonial Treasurer.

The Harbour Master.

The Committee then agreed to recommend that the vote be passed.

k

74

C.5.0. 1792 of 1899.

C.3.0. 1828 of 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Six thousand Dollars ($6,000) in aid of the vote "Maintenance of Water Works."

Government House, Hongkong, 15th July, 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Thirty-eight thousand Seven hundred and Fifty Dollars ($38,750) in aid of the following votes:-

Passages and Bonuses,

Arins and Ammunition,

$ 5,500

100

Oil, Wick and Gas for Barracks,

1,600

Repairs to Boats and Launches,

3,000

Coal, Oil, &c. for Launches,

11,800

Conveyance of Police, Prisoners, &c.,

3,500

Incidental Expenses,

1,500

Clothing and Accoutrements,

3,500

Meals for Prisoners in cell,

300

Photography,

200

.....

Small Stores,

.....

Ration Allowance,

Good Conduct Badges,

100

6,000

1,650

Total,.........

$38,750

C.S.O. 1888 of 1899.

C.S.0.

3030 of 1898.

C.S.O.

Confidential

Government House, Hongkong, 24th July, 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Three thousand Two hundred and Fifty Dollars ($3,250) in aid of the vote for "Incidental Expenses" of the Post Office.

Government House, Hongkong, 27th July, 1899.

HENRY A. Blake.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Five thousand Six hundred and Forty-five Dollars and Cents Fifty ($5,645.50) only to cover the cost for the installation of Electric Light at Government House.

Government House, Hongkong, 4th August, 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sun of Ninety-one thousand and Five $3 of 1899. hundred Dollars ($91,500) to cover the cost of Steam-launches for the use of the New Territory.

Government House, Hongkong, 16th August, 1899.

The Committee unanimously agreed to recommend that the above votes be passed.

The Committee then adjourned.

Laid before the Legislative Council on the 4th October, 1899.

Read and confirmed on the 4th October, 1899.

R. F. JOHNSTON, Acting Clerk of Councils.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Chairman.

No. 5.

REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

FINANCE COMMITTEE,

AT A MEETING HELD IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER, HONGKONG,

On the 4th October, 1899.

75

-

C.S.O.

PRESENT:

The Honourable the Colonial Secretary, (JAMES HALDANE STEWART LOCKHART, C.M.G.), Chairman.

the Acting Attorney General, (HENRY EDWARD POLLOCK).

the Harbour Master, (ROBERT MURRAY RUMSEY,

"1

R.N.).

the Colonial Treasurer, (ALEXANDER MACDONALD THOMSON).

the Director of Public Works, (ROBERT DALY ORMSBY).

CATCHICK PAUL CHATER, C.M.G.

HO KAI, M.B., C.M.

THOMAS HENDERSON WHITEHEAD.

"

15

"}

59

"}

WEI YUK.

1)

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G.

JAMES JOHNStone Keswick,

ABSENT:

His Excellency Major-General WILLIAM JULIUS GASCOIGNE, C.M.G., General Officer Commanding. The Honourable the Captain Superintendent of Police, (FRANCIS HENRY May, C.M.G.).

The Committee met at the request of the Colonial Secretary.

The Minutes of the last Meeting, held on the 24th August, 1899, were read and confirmed. Read the following Minutes under the hand of His Excellency the Governor :----

1032 of 1899.

C.S.O. 2249 of 1899.

C.S.O. 1943 of 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE,

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Two thousand and One hundred Dollars for the purchase of the old site of the Tung Wa Hospital Mortuary at Kennedytown.

Government House, Hongkong, 24th August, 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Ten thousand and Eight hundred Dollars ($10,800) in aid of the vote for "Scavenging the City, Villages and Hill District."

Government House, Hongkong, 13th September, 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Five thousand Dollars ($5,000) to defray the cost of the "Pokfulum Conduit Road."

Government House, Hongkong, 21st September, 1899.

The Committee unanimously agreed to recommend that the above votes be passed.

The Committee then adjourned.

Laid before the Legislative Council on the 11th October, 1899.

Read and confirmed on the 11th October, 1899.

R. F. JOHNSTON, Acting Clerk of Councils.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Chairman.

*

No. 6

REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

FINANCE COMMITTEE,

AT A MEETING HELD IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER, HONGKONG,

On the 11th October, 1899.

PRESENT:

The Honourable the Colonial Secretary, (JAMES HALDANE STEWART LOCKHART, C.M.G.), Chairman. His Excellency Major-General WILLIAM JULIUS GASCOIGNE, C.M.G., General Officer Commanding. The Honourable the Acting Attorney General, (HENRY EDWARD POLLOCK).

the Harbour Master, (ROBERT MURRAY RUMSEY, R.N.).

""

>>

the Colonial Treasurer, (ALEXANDER MACDONALD THOMSON).

""

the Captain Superintendent of Police, (FRANCIS HENRY MAY, C.M.G.).

35

the Director of Public Works, (ROBERT DALY ORMSBY).

CATCHICK PAUL CHATER, C.M.G.

HO KAI, M.B., C.M.

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G.

JAMES JOHNSTONE KESWICK.

WEI YUK.

ABSENT:

The Honourable THOMAS HENDERSON WHITEHEAD,

The Committee met at the request of the Colonial Secretary.

The Minutes of the last Meeting, held on the 4th October, 1899, were read and confirmed. Read the following Minutes under the hand of His Excellency the Governor :-

C.S.0. 2428 of 1899,

C.S.O.

300 of 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of One thousand and Three hundred Dollars ($1,300) in aid of the vote "Steam-launches, Other Charges."

Government House, Hongkong, 3rd October, 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of One hundred and Fifty-five (Extension) thousand Five hundred and Twenty-nine Dollars ($155,529) to cover expenses incurred in

the New Territory for the current year.

C.5.0. 2518 of 1890.

Government House, Hongkong, 7th October, 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Two thousand Dollars ($2,000), in aid of the vote "Maintenance of Sewers."

Government House, Hongkong, 7th October, 1899.

The Committee unanimously agreed to recommend that the above votes be passed.

The Committee then adjourned.

Laid before the Legislative Council on the 26th October, 1899.

Read and confirmed on the 26th October, 1899.

R. F. JOHNSTON, Acting Clerk of Councils.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Chairman.

No. 7.

i

REPORT OF

OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

FINANCE COMMITTEE,

AT A MEETING HELD IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER, HONGKONG,

On the 26th October, 1899.

79

PRESENT:

The Honourable the Colonial Secretary, (JAMES HALDANE STEWART LOCKHART, C. M.G. ), Chairman. The Honourable the Acting Attorney General, (HENRY EDWARD POLLOCK).

19

the Harbour Master, (ROBERT MURRAY RUMSEY, R.N.).

""

the Colonial Treasurer, (ALEXANDER MACDONALD THOMSON).

""

the Captain Superintendent of Police, (FRANCIS HENRY MAY, C.M.G.).

19

the Director of Public Works, (ROBERT DALY ORMSBY).

59

Ho KAI, M.B., C.M..

""

99

THOMAS HENDERSON WHITEHEAD.

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G.

JAMES JOHNSTONE KESWICK.

WEI YUK.

;"

ABSENT:

His Excellency Major-General WILLIAM JULIUS GASCOIGNE, C.M.G., General Officer Commanding. The Honourable CATCHICK PAUL CHATER, C.M.G.

The Committee met at the request of the Colonial Secretary.

The Minutes of the last Meeting, held on the 11th October, 1899, were read and confirmed.

Read the following Minute under the hand of His Excellency the Governor :-

C.S.O. 2575 of 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Two thousand Dollars ($2,000) in aid of the vote "Water Account" (Meters, &c.).

Government House, Hongkong, 19th October, 1899.

The Committee unanimously agreed to recommend that the above vote be passed.

BILL ENTITLED AN ORDINANCE TO APPLY A SUM NOT EXCEEDING TWO MILLION SIX HUNDRED AND EIGHTY-ONE THOUSAND SIX Hundred And Fifty-one DollaRS TO THE PUBLIC SERVICE OF THE YEAR 1900.

It was agreed to recommend all the items with the exception of those under the head of Public Works Extraordinary, consideration of which was postponed.

The Committee then adjourned till 9th November, 1899.

Laid before the Legislative Council on the 31st October, 1899.

Read and confirmed on the 13th November, 1899.

R. F. JOHNSTON, Acting Clerk of Councils.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Chairman.

No. 8

REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

FINANCE COMMITTEE,

AT A MEETING HELD IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER, HONGKONG,

On the 13th November, 1899.

81

PRESENT:

The Honourable the Colonial Secretary, (JAMES HALDANE STEWART LOCKHART, C.M.G.), Chairman. His Excellency Major-General WILLIAM JULIUS GASCOIGNE, C.M.G., General Officer Commanding. The Honourable the Acting Attorney General, (HENRY EDWARD POLLOCK).

the Harbour Master, (ROBERT MURRAY RUMSEY, R.N.).

>?

3?

the Colonial Treasurer, (ALEXANDER MACDONALD THOMSON).

>"

the Captain Superintendent of Police, (FRANCIS HENRY MAY, C.M.G.).

"

the Director of Public Works, (ROBERT DALY ORMSBY).

""

""

CATCHICK PAUL CHATER, C.M.G.

HO KAI, M.B., C.M.

THOMAS HENDERSON WHITEHEAD.

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G.

""

JAMES JOHNSTONE KESWICK.

WEI YUK.

"}

The Committee met at the request of the Colonial Secretary.

The Minutes of the last Meeting, held on the 26th October, 1899, were read and confirmed. Read the following Minutes under the hand of His Excellency the Governor :-

C.S.O.

2689 of 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of One thousand and Four hundred Dollars ($1,400) in aid of the following Votes:-

Provisions for Prisoners, Fuel and Soap,

$ 900.00 500.00

Total,.......

.$1,400.00

Government House, Hongkong, 1st November, 1899.

C.S.O.

2749 of 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Four thousand and Nineteen Dollars and Ninety-five Cents ($4,019.95), in aid of the following Votes:-

Provisions,

C.S.O.

2776 of 1899.

Medical Comforts,

Fuel and Light,

Washing,

Coal for Health Officer's Launch,

Incidental Expenses,

Repairs for Launch,

Government House, Hongkong, 7th November, 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

Total,

$2,800.00

200.00

300.00

60.00

400.00

130.00

129.95

:

$4,019.95

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Seven thousand and Seven hundred Dollars ($7,700), in aid of the Vote "Telegrams sent and received by Government."

Government House, Hongkong, 7th November, 1899.

82

C.O.D.

Secret of

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Fourteen thousand Dollars 25th August, ($14,000) for the purchase of Arms and other Stores for the Police Force.

C.S.O. 2779 of 1899.

Government House, Hongkong, Sth November, 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Two thousand and Seven hundred Dollars ($2,700), in aid of the following Votes in the Sanitary Department :-

Incidental-Conveyance Allowance,

Uniform for Staff,

Electric Lighting of Central Market,. Watering Streets,

Total,

$ 250.00

650.00 1,200.00

600.00

$2,700.00

Government House, Hongkong, 10th November, 1899.

The Committee unanimously agreed to recommend that the above votes be passed.

The Committee then adjourned.

Laid before the Legislative Council on the 23rd November, 1899.

Read and confirmed on the 22nd November, 1899.

R. F. JOHNSTON, Acting Clerk of Councils.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Chairman.

--

No. 9.

REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

FINANCE COMMITTEE,

AT A MEETING HELD IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER, HONGKONG,

On the 22nd November, 1899.

83

PRESENT:

The Honourable the Colonial Secretary, (JAMES HALDANE STEWART LOCKHART, C.M.G.), Chairman. The Honourable the Acting Attorney General, (Henry Edward POLLOCK).

""

"3

A

">

154

33

the Harbour Master, (ROBERT MURRAY RUMSEY, R.N.).

the Colonial Treasurer, (ALEXANDER MACDONALD THOMSON).

the Captain Superintendent of Police, (FRANCIS HENRY MAY, C.M.G.).

the Director of Public Works, (ROBERT DALY ORMSBY).

CATCHICK PAUL CHATER, C.M.G.

HO KAI, M.B., C.M.

THOMAS HENDERSON WHITEHEAD.

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G.

19

""

>>

WEI YUK.

JAMES JOHNStone Keswick.

ABSENT:

His Excellency Major-General WILLIAM JULIUS GASCOIGNE, C.M.G., General Officer Commanding.

The Committee met at the request of the Colonial Secretary.

The Minutes of the last Meeting, held on the 13th November, 1899, were read and confirmed. The Committee considered the items in the Draft Estimates for 1900 under the head "Public Works Extraordinary."

Mr. CHATER laid on the table a Memorandum regarding the Estimates for Public Works Extra- ordinary of 1900 and addressed the Committee.

The Chairman addressed the Committee.

Mr. WHITEHEAD moved that the vote in the Estimates for 1900 for Public Works Extraordinary be referred back to the Departments concerned for reconsideration and to be remodelled, and addressed the Committee.

Dr. Ho KAI addressed the Committee.

The Committee divided; all the Members voting against the motion with the exception of the Honourable T. H. WHITEHEAD.

With the exception of the item "New Law Courts," the Committee unanimously agreed to recommend that all the items as appearing in the Estimates be passed.

On consideration of the item "New Law Courts," Mr. WHITEHEAD moved that the words "New Post Office" be substituted in lieu thereof.

The amendment was not carried.

The original item was agreed to.

The Colonial Treasurer addressed the Committee.

The Committee then adjourned.

Laid before the Legislative Council on the 23rd November, 1899.

Read and confirmed on the 23rd November, 1899.

R. F. JOHNSTON, Acting Clerk of Councils.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Chairman.

No. 10.

*

REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

FINANCE COMMITTEE,

AT A MEETING HELD IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER, HONGKONG

On the 23rd November, 1899.

PRESENT:

The Honourable the Colonial Secretary, (JAMES HALDANE STEWART LOCKHART, C.M.G.), Chairman, His Excellency Major-General WILLIAM JULIUS GASCOIGNE, C.M.G., General Officer Commanding.

the Harbour Master, (ROBERT MURRAY RUMSEY, R.N.).

the Colonial Treasurer, (ALEXANder MacDonald THOMSON).

""

""

the Captain Superintendent of Police, (FRANCIS HENRY MAY, C.M.G.).

the Director of Public Works, (Robert Daly ORMSBY).

""

>>

CATCHICK PAUL Chater, C.M.G.

Ho KAI, M.B., C.M.

THOMAS HENDERSON WHITEHEAD.

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G.

"3

99

"}

WEI YUK.

""

JAMES JOHNSTONE KESWICK.

ABSENT:

C.S.O.

The Honourable the Acting Attorney General, (HENRY EDWARD POLLOCK).

The Committee met at the request of the Colonial Secretary.

The Minutes of the last Meeting, held on the 22nd November, 1899, were read and confirmed. Read the following Minute under the hand of His Excellency the Governor :-

2794 of 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of One thousand and Five hundred Dollars ($1,500) in aid of the vote "Maintenance of Waterworks, Kowloon."

Government House, Hongkong, 17th November, 1899.

The Committee unanimously agreed to recommend that the above vote be passed. The Committee then adjourned.

Laid before the Legislative Council on the 30th November, 1899.

Read and confirmed on the 30th November, 1899.

R. F. JOHNSTON, Acting Clerk of Councils.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Chairman.

85

No. 11.

REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

FINANCE COMMITTEE,

AT A MEETING HELD IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER, HONGKONG

On the 30th November, 1899.

87

PRESENT:

The Honourable the Colonial Secretary, (JAMES HALDANE STEWART LOCKHART, C.M.G.), Chairman. His Excellency Major-General WILLIAM JULIUS GASCOIGNE, C.M.G., General Officer Commanding.

""

the Acting Attorney General, (HENRY EDWARD POLLOCK).

""

the Harbour Master, (ROBERT MURRAY RUMSEY, R.N.).

99

the Colonial Treasurer, (ALEXANDER MACDONALD THOMSON).

""

the Captain Superintendent of Police, (FRANCIS HENRY MAY, C.M.G.).

C.S.O.

15

""

39

27

the Director of Public Works, (ROBERT DALY ORMSBY).

CATCHICK PAUL CHATER, C.M.G.

Ho KAI, M.B., C.M.

THOMAS HENDERSON WHITEHEAD.

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G. WEI YUK.

ABSENT:

The Honourable JAMES JOHNSTONE KESWICK.

The Committee met at the request of the Colonial Secretary.

The Minutes of the last Meeting, held on the 23rd November, 1899, were read and confirmed. Read the following Minute under the hand of His Excellency the Governor :-

2883 of 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Four thousand Dollars ($4,000) in aid of the vote Maintenance of Buildings."

6.

Government House, Hongkong, 24th November, 1899.

The Committee unanimously agreed to recommend that the above vote be passed.

The Committee then adjourned.

Laid before the Legislative Council on the 14th December, 1899.

Read and confirmed on the 14th December, 1899.

R. F. JOHNSTON, Acting Clerk of Councils.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Chairman.

No. 12.

REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

FINANCE COMMITTEE,

AT A MEETING HELD IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER, HONGKONG

On the 14th December, 1899.

89

C.S.O.

PRESENT:

The Honourable the Colonial Secretary, (JAMES HALDANE STEWART LOCKHART, C.M.G. ), Chairman. His Excellency Major-General WILLIAM JULIUS GASCOIGNE, C.M.G., General Officer Commanding.

>>

the Acting Attorney General, (Henry Edward POLLOCK).

the Harbour Master, (ROBERT MURRAY RUMSEY, R.N.).

11

"}

99

,,

the Colonial Treasurer, (ALEXANDER MACDONALD THOMSON).

the Captain Superintendent of Police, (FRANCIS HENRY MAY, C.M.G.). CATCHICK PAUL CHATER, C.M.G.

HO KAI, M.B., C.M.

THOMAS HENDERSON WHITEHEAD.

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G.

WEI YUK.

""

ABSENT:

The Honourable the Director of Public Works, (Robert Daly Ormsby).

JAMES JOHNSTONE KESWICK.

The Committee met at the request of the Colonial Secretary.

The Minutes of the last Meeting, held on the 30th November, 1899, were read and confirmed. Read the following Minute under the hand of His Excellency the Governor :-

2626 of 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of One thousand and Two hundred Dollars ($1,200) in aid of the vote "Incidental Expenses," Sanitary Department.

Government House, Hongkong, 4th December, 1899.

The Committee unanimously agreed to recommend that the above vote be passed. The Committee then adjourned.

Laid before the Legislative Council on the 21st December, 1899.

Read and confirmed on the 21st December, 1899.

R. F. JOHNSTON, Acting Clerk of Councils.

J. H. STEWART LOCKHART,

Chairman.

No. 13

91

REPORT OF

OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

FINANCE COMMITTEE,

AT A MEETING HELD IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER, HONGKONG,

On the 21st December, 1899.

PRESENT:

The Honourable the Colonial Secretary, (JAMES HALDANE STEWART LOCKHART, C.M.G.), Chairman.

"1

the Acting Attorney General, (HENRY EDWARD Pollock).

the Harbour Master, (ROBERT MURRAY RUMSEY, R.N.).

15

"}

"}

3

19

""

:

the Colonial Treasurer, (ALEXANDER MACDONALD THOMSON).

the Captain Superintendent of Police, (FRANCIS HENRY MAY, C.M.G.).

the Director of Public Works, (ROBERT DALY ORMSBY).

CATCHICK PAUL CHATER, C.M.G.

HO KAI, M.B., C.M.

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G.

WEI YUK.

ABSENT:

His Excellency Major-General WILLIAM JULIUS GASCOIGNE, C.M.G., General Officer Commanding. The Honourable THOMAS HENDERSON WHITEHEAD.

2)

JAMES JOHNSTONE KESWICK.

The Committee met at the request of the Colonial Secretary.

The Minutes of the last Meeting, held on the 14th December, 1899, were read and confirmed. Read the following Minute under the hand of His Excellency the Governor :—

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Two hundred and Fifty Dollars ($250) in aid of the vote "Maintenance of Gardens."

Government House, Hongkong, 15th December, 1899.

The Committee unanimously agreed to recommend that the above vote be passed.

The Committee then adjourned.

Laid before the Legislative Council on the 28th December, 1899.

Read and confirmed on the 15th February, 1900.

R. F. JOHNSTON,

Acting Clerk of Councils.

F. H. MAY,

Chairman.

Y

HONGKONG.

FINANCIAL RETURNS FOR THE YEAR 1898.

213

No.

10

99

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor.

No. 14.

SIR, I have the honour to transmit the following returns :--

1. Revenue and Expenditure for the year 1898.

TREASURY, 13th March, 1899.

2. Comparative Statement of Revenue and Expenditure for 1897 and 1898. 3. Return of Deposits not available.

4. Return of Advances Outstanding.

5. Return of Public Works Extraordinary chargeable against the Loan.

6. Statement of Expenditure from the Praya Reclamation Fund.

+

7. Statement of Assets and Liabilities.

I have the honour to be,

The Honourable

THE COLONIAL SECRETARY,

&c.,

&c.,

1

Τ

&c.

Sir,

Your obedient Servant,

A. M. THOMSON, Acting Treasurer.

COLONY OF HONGKONG.

RETURN OF REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE DURING THE YEAR ENDED 31ST DECEMBER, 1898.

REVENUE.

Amount

Estimated.

Total

Revenue.

More than Less than Estimated. Estimated.]

EXPENDITURE.

Amount

Total

More than Less than

Estimated. Expenditure. Estimated. Estimated.

DUES.

$

45,000

$ G.

51,645.15

0.

6,645,15

ES AND INTERNAL REVENUE NOT OTHERWISE SPE-

Charge on Account of Public Debt, Pensions,

$

176,123.00

$ ('.

$ C.

163,805.03

$

12,317.97

..

145,000.00

164,210.26

19.210.26

FIED:-

Is Ordinance,.

350

420.00

70,00

Governor and Legislature.

Colonial Secretary's Department,

42,903.00

51,809.58

27,267.00

34,862.11

8,906.58

7,595.11

ssed Taxes,

460,000

466,619.37

6,619.37

Audit Department,.

....

10,000,00

7,386.61

2.613.39

tioneers' Licences,

900

1,500.00

600.00

Treasury,

22,667.00

22,409 02

257.98

iard Tables and Bowling Alleys Licences,

1,000

1.100.00

100.00

Public Works Department,.

....

92,782.00

89,574.10

3,207.90

rding-house Licences,

2,000

3,197.92 1,197.92

Post Office,

211,785.00

241,561.52

29,776.52

t Licences,..

6,570

9,847.30 3,277.30

Registrar General's Department,

13,341.00

14,994.92

1,653.92

go Boat Licences,

11,786

11,209.50

576.50

Harbour Master's Department,

62,813.00

65,835.25 3,022.25

riage, Chair, &c.. Licences,...

42,000

44,025.80 2,025.80

Lighthouses,

15,770.00

14,934.94

835.06

ese Passenger Ships Licences,

350

310.00

40.00

Observatory,

12,876 00

12,728.85

147.15

nese Undertakers' Licences,

Licences,

200

170.00

30.00

Stamp Office,

3,617,00

3,615.80

1.20

2,500

2,728.50

228.50

Botanical and Afforestation Department,'.

18,509.00

17,842.44

666.56

igration Brokers' Licences,..

1,000

800.00

200.00

Legal Departments,

73,930.00

76,092.45 2,162.45

41,000

60,114.43

19,414.43

Ecclesiastical,

2,200.00

1,815.00

385.00

feitures.

4,310

11,485.92

7,175.92

Education,

76,403.00

72,420.12

3,982.88

vkers' Licences,

6,113

7,906.50

1,793.50

Medical Departments,

108,133.00

115,502.48 7,369.48

k Licences,

28,000

29,354.00

1,354.00

Magistracy,

19,562.00

21,405.00 1,843.00

osene Oil Licences,

500

576.00

76.00

ine Store Dealers' Licences,

5,000

5,625.00

625.00

riage Licences,..

324

500.00

176.00

Fire Brigade,

ey Changers' Licences,

545

530.00

15.00

um Monopoly,

357,666

357,666.66

.66

nbrokers' Licences,.

39,000

39,000.00

oting Licences,

100

255,00

155.00

it Licences,

66.000

74,208.16

8,208.16

ups,.

227,000

327,105.84

100,105.84

Police,

Gaols......

Sanitary Department,

Charitable Allowances, Transport,

Miscellaneous Services, Military Expenditure, Public Works, Recurrent,

300,252.00

295,038.60

5,213.40

105,018.00 101,613.41

3,404,59

5,260.00

4,034.79

1,225,21

3,000.00

9,400.92

6,400.92

173,103.00

290,808.49 | 117,705.49

508,976.00 519,274.89 10,298.89

199,000.00 194,447.57

4,552.43

mi-Launch Licences,

800

990.00

um Divan,

1,550.00

190.00

1,550.00

› COURT OR OFFICE, PAYMENTS FOR SPECIFIC PUR-

SES, AND REIMBURSEMENTS IN AID :-

s of Health,

2,000

2,730 00

hs and Deaths, Registration of..

138

385.50

730.00

247.50

...

go Boat Certificates,

1,900

2,170.00

270.00

...

etery Burials,

700

1,208.94

508.94

etery Fees from Public Cemeteries for Chinese,

1,000

1,116.25

116.25

lese Gazette, Sale of

28

28.00

panies, Registration of

1,300

3,425,00

2,125.00

vict Labour and other items,

5,500

3,941.74

1,558.26

ds, Registration of

5,000

6,058.25 1,058,25

harge of Crews and Scamen,

10,000

10,175.40

175.40

mination of Masters, &c.,

2,600

1,927.50

672.50

、 of Court,

12,015

13,582.66

1,567,66

...

s on Grant of Leases,

700

1,370.00

670.00

***

i for testing Petroleum,

350

265.00

$5.00

1 Expenses,-Recovery from Diplomatic, Naval and Mi-

litary Departments, Seamen and Debtors,.

1,200

2,343.15

1,143.15

powder, Storage of......

11,000

12,627.21

1,627.21

seholders, Registration of

1,415

1,519.00

104.00

erial Post Office, Contribution from

7,213

,497.89

284.89

useholders, Registration of

1,415

1,519.00

104.00

...

perial Post Office, Contribution from

7,213

7,497.89 284.89

ck Hospital, Grant-in-Aid from Admiralty,......................

1,016

1,056.03

dical Examination of Emigrants,

22,000

18,794,50

-

dical Registration Fees,

10

40.00

dical Treatment of Patients in the Civil Hospital,

22,000

26,199.20

40.03

30.00

4,199.20

...

3,205,50

...

intenance of Gap Rock Lighthouse, Contribution from

Chinese Imperial Government towards the

750

750.00

icial Administrator and Trustee,..

1,000

4,567.22

3,567.22

icial Signatures,.......

2,350

487.02

inted Forms, Sale of

200

ivate Moorings and Buoys, Rent for

2,880

372.00

2,970.00

***

172.00

90.00

2,362.98

cen's College, Fees from Scholars,

13,500

21,598.00

8,098.00

gistry Fees,

300

481.00

181.00

fund of Police Pay,

1,500

1,694.60

194.60

fund Cost of Police and other Stores,.

500

799.46

299.46

ipping Crews and Seamen,.

11,000

11,105.20

105.20

k Stoppages from Police Force,

800

945.91

145.91

eam-Launches, Surveyor's Certificate,

1,500

1,710.00

210.00

rvey of Steam-Ships,

11,000

10,924.05

75.95

hool for Girls, Fees from Scholars,

690

684,00

6.00

nday Cargo-Working Permits,

9,000

25,925.00

16,925,00

ade Marks, Registration of

3,000

1,997.18

1,002.82

rtificate to Chinese entering America,

ertime Fees Engagement and discharge of Crews on Board Ship,

1,285.00 1,285.00

20,000

18,600.00

1,400.00

)FFICE :-

stage....

260,000

337,179.99

77,179.99

:.

OF GOVERNMENT PROPERTY, LAND AND HOUSES:--

ildings,

388

647.43

259.43

Sundries,

625

$62.90

237.90

ased Lands,.

235,000

235,775.74

775.74

inds not Leased,

11,000

10,715.27

284.73

arkets,

ers......

70,100

75,065.08

4,965.08

6,200

8,539.64

2,339.64

one Quarries,

15,500

15,860.00

360.00

aughter House,

41,500

42,372.00

872.00

eep and Pig Depôts,

11,500

11,276.05

223.95

EST,

3,000

3,000.00

LLANEOUS RECEIPTS:-

ndemned Stores, &c.,

1,500

2,203.78

703.78

terest for use of Furniture at Government House,

145

117.93

27.07

ight Soil Contracts, .

27,840

28,476.00

ther Miscellaneous Receipts,

13,000

18,873.59

636.00

5,873.59

rofit on Subsidiary Coins,

100,000 148,044.49 48,044.49

TOTAL, exclusive of Land Sales and Water Account,...$ 2,336,867 2,672,107.80 350,007.06 | 14,766.26|

SALES,

R ACCOUNT-Ord. 16 of 1890,

255,000 133,318.87 103,000 112,732.57 9,732.57

121,681.13

Public Works, Extraordinary,

2,430,290.00 | 2,607,424.15|215,944.87

202,586,00

234,381,05 31,795.05

38,810.72

TOTAL,..

$ 2,694,867 2,918,159.24 359,739,63 | 136,447.39

TOTAL,...

2,632,876.00 | 2,841,805.20 247,739.92 38,810.72

Public Works Extraordinary chargeable against the Loan,

137,830 135,815.85

1,984.15

Treasury, Hongkong, 10th March, 1899.

A. M. THOMSON,

Acting Treasurer.

215

COLONY OF HONGKONG.

RETURN OF REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE DURING THE YEAR ENDED 31ST DECEMBER, 1898.

REVENUE.

Amount Total Estimated.] Revenue.

More than Less than

Estimated. Estimated.

EXPENDITURE.

Amount Total More than Less 1 Estimated. Expenditure. Estimated. Estim

$

LIGHT DUES,

LICENCES AND INTERNAL REVENUE NOT OTHERWISE SPE-

45,000

$ C.

51,645.15

0.

6,645.15

Charge on Account of Public Debt, Pensions,

$

176,123.00

$

$ l'a

$

163,805.03

12,3

145,000,00

161,210.26

19,210.26

CIFIED

Arms Ordinance,.

350

420.00

70.00

Assessed Taxes,

160,000

466,619.37

6,619.37

Auctioneers' Licences,

900

1,500.00

600.00

Billiard Tables and Bowling Alleys Licences,

Governor and Legislature.

Colonial Secretary's Department,

Audit Department,..

Treasury,

42,903.00

51,809.58

8,906.58

27,267.00

34,862.11

7,595.11

10,000.00

7,386.61

2.6

22,667.00

22,409 02 |

1,000

1.100.00

100.00

Public Works Department,.

****

92,782.00

89,574.101

3.2

Boarding-house Licences,

2,000

3,197.92 1,197.92

Post Office,

211,785.00

241,561,52|29,776.52

Boat Licences,..

6,570

9,847.30 3,277.30

Registrar General's Department,

13,341,00

14,994.92

1,653.92

Cargo Boat Licences,.

11,786

11,209.50

570.50

Harbour Master's Department,

62,813.00

65,835.25

3,022.25

Carriage, Chair, &c., Licences.........................

42,000

44,025.80 2,025.80

Lighthouses,

15,770.00

14,934.94

Chinese Passenger Ships Licences,

350

310.00

40.00

Observatory,

12,876 00

12,728.85

Chinese Undertakers' Licences,

200

170.00

30.00

Stamp Office,

3,617.00

3,615.80

Dog Licences,

Emigration Brokers' Licences,.. Fines,

Forfeitures,

Hawkers' Licences,

Junk Licences,

Kerosene Oil Licences,

Marine Store Dealers' Licences,

Marriage Licences,..

2,500

2,728.50

228.50

Botanical and Afforestation Department,

18,509.00

17,842.44

1,000

800.00

200.00

Legal Departments,

73,930.00

76,092.45

2,162.45

41,000

60,414.43

19,414.43

Ecclesiastical,

2.200.00

1,815.00

4,310

11,485.92

7,175.92

Education,

76,403.00

72,420,12

6,113

7,906.50

1,793.50

Medical Departments,

108,133.00

115,502.48

7,369.48

****

28,000

29,354.00

1,354.00

Magistracy,

19,562,00

21,405.00

1,848.00

500

576.00

76.00

Police,

5,000

5,625.00

625.00

Gaols...

300,252.00 295,038,60

324

500.00

176.00

Fire Brigade,

Money Changers' Licences,

Opium Monopoly,

Pawnbrokers' Licences,..

Shooting Licences,

Spirit Licences,

Stamps,

545

530.00

15,00

Sanitary Department,

105,018.00

101,613.41

3,4

357,666

357,666.66

.66

39,000

39,000.00

100

255.00 155.00

66.000

74,208.16 8,208.16

Charitable Allowances,

Transport,

Miscellaneous Services,..

Military Expenditure,

5,260.00

4,034.79

1,:

3,000.00

9,100.92

6,400.92

173,103.00

290,808.49 | 117,705.49

...... ....

227,000

327,105.84 100,105,81

Public Works, Recurrent,

508,976.00 519,274.89 10,298.89 199,000.00 194,447.57

Steam-Launch Licences,

Opium Divan,

FEES OF COURT OR OFFICE, PAYMENTS FOR SPECIFIC PUR-

POSES, AND REIMBURSEMENTS IN AID :--

800

990.00

190.00

:

1,550.00

1,550.00

Bills of Health,

2,000

2,730 00

730.00

Births and Deaths, Registration of..

138

385.50

247.50

Cargo Boat Certificates,

1,900

2,170.00

270.00

Cemetery Burials,

700

1,208.94

508.94

Cemetery Fees from Public Cemeteries for Chinese,

1,000

1,116.25

116.25

Chinese Gazette, Sale of

28

28.00

Companies, Registration of

1,300

3,425.00

2,125.00

Convict Labour and other items,

5,500

3,941.74

1,558.26

Deeds, Registration of

5,000

6,058.25 1,058.25

Discharge of Crews and Scamen,

10,000

10,175.40

175.40

Examination of Masters, &c.,

2,600

1,927.50

672,50

Fees of Court,

12,015

13,582.66

1,567,66

Fees on Grant of Leases,

700

1,370.00

670.00

Fees for testing Petroleum,

350

265.00

85.00

Gaol Expenses,-Recovery from Diplomatic, Naval and Mi-

litary Departments, Seamen and Debtors,..

1,200

2,343.15

1,143.15

Gunpowder, Storage of......

11,000

12,627.21

1,627.21

Householders, Registration of

1,415

1,519.00

104.00

Imperial Post Office, Contribution from

7,213 7,497.89

281.89

Lock Hospital, Grant-in-Aid from Admiralty,

1,016

1,056.03

40.03

Medical Examination of Emigrants,

22,000

18,794.50

3,205,50

Medical Registration Fees,

10

Medical Treatment of Patients in the Civil Hospital,

22,000

40.00

26,199.20

30.00

4,199.20

Meuichi Bauition of Ligianto,

Medical Registration Fees,

10

Medical Treatment of Patients in the Civil Hospital,

22,000

40.00 26,199.20 4,199.20

30.00

Maintenance of Gap Rock Lighthouse, Contribution from

Chinese Imperial Government towards the

750

Official Administrator and Trustee,..

1,000

750.00

4,567.22

...

3,567.22

Official Signatures,.

2,850

487.02

2.362.98

Printed Forms, Sale of

200

872.00

Private Moorings and Buoys, Rent for

2,880

2,970.00

172.00

90.00

Queen's College, Fees from Scholars,

13,500

21,598.00

8,098.00

Registry Fees,

300

481.00

181.00

Refund of Police Pay,

1,500

1,694.60

194.60

Refund Cost of Police and other Storcs,.

500

799.46

299.46

Shipping Crews and Seamen,.

11,000

11,105.20

105.20

Sick Stoppages from Police Force,

800

945.91

145.91

Steam-Launches, Surveyor's Certificate,

1,500

1,710.00

210,00

Survey of Steam-Ships,

11,000

10,924.05

75.95

School for Girls, Fees from Scholars,

690

684.00

6.00

Sunday Cargo-Working Permits,

9,000

25,925,00

16,925.00

Trade Marks, Registration of

3,000

1,997.18

1,002.82

Overtime Fees Engagement and discharge of Crews on

Board Ship,

1,285.00

1,285.00

Certificate to Chinese entering America,

20,000

18,600.00-

1,400.00

POST OFFICE :—

Postage,.....

260,000

337,179.99

77,179.99

:

RENT OF GOVERNMENT PROPERTY, LAND AND HOUSES:-

Buildings,

388

647.43

259.43

Laundries,

625

862.90

237.90

Leased Lands,.

235,000

235,775.74

775.74

Lands not Leased,

11,000

10,715.27

284.73

Markets,

70,100

75,065.08

4,965.08

Piers,

6,200

8,539,64 2,339.64

Stone Quarries,

15,500

15,860,00

360.00

Slaughter House,

41,500

42,372.00

872.00

Sheep and Pig Depôts,

11,500

11,276.05

INTEREST,

3,000

223.95

3,000.00

MISCELLANEOUS RECEIPTS:-

Condemned Stores, &c.,.

1,500

2,203.78

703.78

Interest for use of Furniture at Government House,

145

117.93

27.07

Night Soil Contracts, .

27,810

28,476.00

636.00

Other Miscellaneous Receipts,

13,000

18,873.59

5,873.59

Profit on Subsidiary Coins,

100,000

148,044.49

48,044.19

TOTAL, exclusive of Land Sales and Water Account,...$ 2,336,867 | 2,672,107.80 350,007.06 14,766.26

LAND SALES,

255,000 133,318.87

121,681.13

Public Works, Extraordinary,

2,430,290.00| 2,607,424.15|215,944.87 |

31

202,586,00 234,381.05 31,795.05

WATER ACCOUNT-Ord. 16 of 1890,

103,000 112,732.57 9,732.57

TOTAL,.

$ 2,694,867 2,918,159.24 359,739,63|136,447.39

TOTAL,.

2,632,876.00 | 2,841,805.20247,739.92 3:

Public Works Extraordinary chargeable against the Loan, ......$

137,830 135,845.85

Treasury, Hongkong, 10th March, 1899.

A. M. THOMSON,

Acting Treasure

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF THE REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE OF THE COLONY OF HONGKONG IN 1897 & 1898.

REVENUE.

1897,

1898.

INCREASE.

DECREASE.

EXPENDITURE.

1897.

1898.

INCREASE. DECREASE.

$

C.

! DUES,

CES AND INTERNAL REVENUE NOT OTHERWISE

114,176.41

$ ረ.

51,645.15

$

C.

$

..

$

C.

62,531.26

Charge on Account of Public Debt,... Pensions,.

157,490.70

$ 0.

163,805.03

$

C

6,314.33

140,824.22

SPECIFIED :—

164,210.26

23,386.04

rms Ordinance...

Governor and Legislature,

44,243.94

51.809.58

430.00

7,565.64

ssessed Taxes, .

429,136 89

uctioneers' Licences,

1,800.00

illiard Tables and Bowling Alleys Licences,

900.00

oarding House Licences,

206.26

420.00 466,619.37 37,482.48 1,500.00

1,100.00 200.00 3,197.92 2,091.66

10.00

Colonial Secretary's Department,

25,691.46

34,862.11

9,170.65

Audit Department,

12,103.80

7,386,61

300.00

1,717.19

Treasury,

22,219.23

22,409.02

159.79

Public Works Department,

89,556.92

89,574.10

17.18

l'ost Office,..

207,080.29

oat Licences,

241,561.52

34.481.23

6,971.35

9.847.30

2,875,95

rgo Boat Licences,

11,448.00

Registrar General's Department........

12,195.32

14,994.92

2,799.60

11,209.50

238.50

arriage, Chair, &c., Licences,

£3,323.50

Harbour Master's Department,

61,485.00 65,835.25

44,025.80

4,350.25

702.30

...

hinese Passenger Ships Licences,..

Lighthouses.....

16,394.03

14,934.94

380.00

hinese Undertakers' Licences,.

200.00

310.00

170.00

1,459.69

...

70.00

Observatory,

14,563.99

12,728.85

1.835.14

30.00

og Licences,

2,433.00

2,728.50

...

295.00

Stamp Office,

3,564.62

3,615.80

51.18

migration Brokers' Licences,..

1,000.00

Botanical and Afforestation Department,

18,862.41

17,842.44

800.00

1,019.07

200.00

incs,

31,834.80

60,414.43

28,579:63

Legal Departments,

76,382.20

76,092.45

289.75

orfeitures,

4,357.07

Ecclesiastical Department,

1,825.00

1,815.00

11,485.92

7,128.85

Education,

awkers' Licences,.......

72,984.83

72,420.12

6,834.50

10.00

564.71

7,906.50

1,072.00

ink Licences,

29,063.80

29,351.00

Medical Departments,

114,978.80

115,502,48

523.68

290.20

Magistracy,

21,082.51

erosene Oil Licences,

21,405.00

322.49

505.00

576.00

71.00

arine Store Dealers' Licences,

5,280.00

5,625.00

345.00

Police,

Gaols,..

218,905.85

222,163.90

3,258.05

arriage Licences,

59,372.25

57,954.61

482.00

500.00

18.00

1,417.64

oney Changers' Licences,

550.00

Fire Brigade,...

22,662.47

14,920.09

530.00

7.742.38

20.00

pium Monopoly,

286,000.00

357,666.66

71,666.66

wnbrokers' Licences,.

39,000.00

ooting Licences,

irit Licences,

120.00

67,136.50

amps,

252,216.88

eam-launch Licences..

932.50

pium Divan,

39,000.00

255.00

74,208.16

327,105.84

990.00

1,550.00

135.00

7,071.66

74,888.96

67.50

1,550.00

Sanitary Department,

Charitable Allowances, Transport,.... Miscellaneous Services, Military Expenditure, . Public Works, Recurrent, Public Works, Extraordinary,

96,662.40

101,613.41

4,951.01

4,231.09

4,034.79

196.30

7,712.86

9,400.92

1,688.06

.307,265.81

290,808.49

16,457.32

476,869.66 519,274.89

42,405.23

206,451.67

127,716.38

194,447.57

12,004.10

234,381.05

106,664.67

OF COURT OR OFFICE, PAYMENTS FOR SPECIFIC

PURPOSES, AND REIMBURSEMENTS IN AID :-

ills of Health,....

2,046.00

2,730.00

684.00

irths and Deaths, Registration of..

247.58

385.50

137.92

argo Boat Certificates...

1,923.00

2,170.00

247.00

metery Burials,.

1,059.24

1.208.94

149.70

metery Fees from Public Cemeteries for Chinese,

1,126.50

1,116.25

10.25

hinese Gazette, Sale of..

25.00

28.00

ompanies, Registration of

2,863.25

3,425.00

3.00

561.75

onvict Labour and other items,.

4,811.61

3,941.74

869.87

eeds, Registration of

4,988.00

6,058,25

ischarge of Crews and Seamen,

10,024.00

10,175.40

1,070.25

151.40

xamination of Masters, &c., .

3,050.00

1,927.50

1,122.50

ees of Court,

13,9841.29

13,582.66

401.63

ces on Grant of Leases,.

705.00

1,370.00

665.00

ee for testing Petroleum,

335.00

265.00

70.00

aol Expenses,-Recovery from Diplomatic, Naval, and Military Departments, Seamen and Debtors,

1,315.15

2,343.15

1,028,00

unpowder, Storage of

13,353.44

12,627.21

726.23

ouseholders, Registration of

1,273.75

1,519.00

245.25

aperial Post Office, Contribution from

5,875.97

7,497.89

2,121.92

>ck Hospital, Grant-in-Aid from Admiralty,

1,018.76

1,056.03

37.27

edical lixamination of Emigrants,

19,814.25

18,794.50

1,019.75

cdical Registration Fees,

30.00

40.00

edical Treatment of Patients in the Civil Hospital,... aintenance of Gap Rock Lighthouse, Contribution from Chinese Imperial Government towards the... ficial Administrator and Trustee....................

19,021.58

26,199.20

10.00

7,177.62

750.00

3,496.71

ficial Signatures,...

14,160.11

inted Forms, Sale of

ivate Moorings and Buoys. Rent for.

181.75

2.880.00

750.00

4,567.22

487.02

372.00

2.070.00

1,070.51

13,673.09

190.25

กก กก

icial Administrator and Trustee,.

3,496.71

icial Signatures,..

14,160.11

4,567.22

487.02

1,070.51

13,673,09

inted Forms, Sale of

181.75

372.00

ivate Moorings and Buoys, Rent for.

2,880.00

2,970.00

190.25

90.00

een's College, Fees from Scholars,

gistry Fees,

13,460,00

706.00

21,598.00

8,138.00

481.00

fund of Police Pay,

1,817.29

1,694.60

...

...

225.00

122.69

fund Cost of Police and other Stores,.............................

537.01

799.46

262.45

ipping Crews and Seamen,

10,947.20

11,105.20

158.00

ck Stoppages from Police Force,

1,023.54

945.91

77.63

cam-launches, Surveyor's Certificate..

1,600.00

1,710.00

110.00

rtificate to Chinese entering America,

18,600.00

18,600.00

rvey of Steam-ships,

11,829.77

10,921.05

905.72

hool for Girls, Fees from Scholars

619.00

684.00

inday Cargo-Working Permits,

11,850.00

25,925.00

65.00

14,075.00

ade Marks, Registration of

2,956.04

1,997.18

958.86

vertime Fees, Engagement and Discharge of Crews

on Board Ship,

515.00

1,285.00

OFFICE-Postage,

268,616.49

337,179.99

770.00

68,563,50

OF GOVERNMENT PROPERTY, LAND AND HOUSES:-|

uildings,

792.00

647.43

144.57

aundries,

683.84

862.90

179.06

...

cased Lands,

241,798.70

235,775.74

ands not Leased,

10,190.47

10,715.27

arkets,

70,519.15

75,065.08

524.80

4,545.93

6,022.96

...

iers,

4,082.19

8,539.64

4,457.45

one Quarries,

15,500.00

15,860.00

360.00

aughter House,.......

41,412.00

42,372.00

960.00

heep and Pig Depôts,

11,147.54

11,276.05

128.51

LEST,

4,576.84

4,576.81

LLANEOUS RECEIPTS:-

ondemned Stores, &c.,

2,671.04

2,203.78

terest for use of Furniture at Government House,...

156.43

117.93

467.26

38.50

ight Soil Contracts,

27,840.00

28,476.00

ther Miscellaneous Receipts,

12,924.47

18,873.59

636.00

5,949.12

'rofit on Subsidiary Coins..

115,015.91

148,014.19

33,028.58

TOTAL exclusive of Land Sales & Water Account,. 2,352,366.32 | 2,672,107.80

414,574.59 94,833.11

› SALES, ER ACCOUNT,

224,500.59 133,318,87

91,181.72

110,047.79 112,732.57 2,684.78

TOTAL,.

2,686,914.70 | 2,918,159.24 417,259,37 186,014.83

TOTAL,.

Dednct Decrease,

Nett Increase,

Treasury, Hongkong, 10th March, 1899.

$

186,014,83

.$ 231,244.54

2,641,409,71 | 2,841,805.20 248,109.08

47,713.59

Deduct Decrease, .

Nett Increase,

47,713.59

200,395.49

A. M. THOMSON, Acting Treasurer.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF THE REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE OF THE COLONY OF HONGKONG IN 1897 & 1898.

REVENUE.

1897.

1898.

INCREASE.

DECREASE.

EXPENDITURE.

1897.

1898.

INCREASE. DEC

LIGHT DUES,

LICENCES AND INTERNAL REVENUE NOT OTHERWISE

$ C.

114,176.41

$

..

c.

0.

$

c.

51,645.15

62,531.26

Charge on Account of Public Debt,. Pensions,.

157,490.70

$ C.

163,805.03

140,824,22

164,210.26

6,314.33

23,386.04

SPECIFIED :-

Governor and Legislature,

44,243.94

51,809.58

7,565.64

Arms Ordinance,.

430,00

420.00

10.00

Colonial Secretary's Department,

25,691,46

34,862.11

9,170.65

Assessed Taxes,

429,136 89

466,619.37

37,482.48

Auctioneers' Licences,

Audit Department, .

12,103.80

7,386,61

1,800.00

1,500.00

300.00

Billiard Tables and Bowling Alleys Licences,

900.00

1,100.00

200.00

Boarding House Licences,

206.26

3,197.92

2,991.66

'Treasury,

l'ost Office,.

22,249.23

22,409.02

159.79

Public Works Department,

89,556.92

89,574.10

17.18

207,080.29 241,561.52

34.481.23

Boat Licences,

6,971.35

9,847.30

2,875,95

Cargo Boat Licences,

Registrar General's Department,

12,195.32

14,994.92

2,799.60

11,448.00

11,209.50

238.50

Carriage, Chair, &c., Licences, -

Harbour Master's Department,

61,485.00

65,835.25

1.350.25

43,323.50

44,025.80

702.30

Lighthouses,..

16,394.03

14,934.94

Chinese Passenger Ships Licences,.

380.00

310.00

70.00

Observatory,

14,563.99

12,728.85

Chinese Undertakers' Licences, .

200.00

170.00

30.00

Stamp Office,

3,564.62

3,615.80

51.18

Dog Licences,

2,433.00

2,728.50

295,50

Emigration Brokers' Licences,.

Botanical and Afforestation Department,

18,862.41

17,842.44

1,000.00

800.00

...

200.00

Legal Departments,

76,382.20

76,092.45

Fines,

31,834.80

60,414.43

28,579,63

Forfeitures,

Ecclesiastical Department,

1,825.00

1,815.00

4,357.07

11,485.92

7,128.85

Education,

72,984.83

72,420.12

Hawkers' Licences,..

6,834.50

7,906.50

1,072.00

Medical Departments,

114,978.80

115,502.48

523.68

Junk Licences,

29,063.80

29,351.00

290.20

Magistracy,

21,082,51

21,405.00

322.49

Kerosene Oil Licences,

505.00

576.00

71,00

Marine Store Dealers' Licences,

5,280.00

5,625.00

345,00

Marriage Licences,

482.00

500.00

18.00

Fire Brigade,..

Money Changers' Licences,

550.00

530.00

20.00

Opium Monopoly,.

286,000.00

357,666.66

71,666.66

Pawnbrokers' Licences,.

Police,

Gaols,....

Sanitary Department,

Charitable Allowances,

218,905,85

222,163.90

3,258.05

59,372.25

57,954.61

22,662.47

14,920.09

96,662.40

101,613.41

4,951.01

4,231.09

4,034.79

39,000.00

Shooting Licences,

Spirit Licences,

120.00

67,136.50

Stamps,

252,216.88

Steam-launch Licences,.

932.50

Opium Divan,

39,000.00

255.00

74,208.16

327,105.8+

990.00

1,550.00

Transport,..

7,712.86

9,400.92

1,688.06

135,00

7,071.66

Miscellaneous Services,

307,265.81

290,808.49

1

Military Expenditure,

476,869.66 619,274.89 42,405.23

74,888.96

Public Works, Recurrent,

206,451,67

194,447.57

1:

57.50

Public Works, Extraordinary,

127,716,38

234,381,05 106,664.67

1,550.00

FEES OF COURT OR OFFICE, PAYMENTS FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES, AND REIMBURSEMENTS IN AID :-

Bills of Health,..

2,046.00

2,730.00

684.00

Births and Deaths, Registration of.

247.58

385.50

137.92

Cargo Boat Certificates,..

1,923.00

2,170.00

247.00

Cemetery Burials,.

1,059.24

1,208.94

149.70

Cemetery Fees from Public Cemeteries for Chinese,

1,126.50

1,116.25

10.25

Chinese Gazette, Sale of...

25.00

28.00

Companies, Registration of

2,863.25

3,425.00

...

3.00

561.75

Convict Labour and other items,

4,811.61

3,941.74

869.87

Deeds, Registration of

4,988.00

6,058.25

Discharge of Crews and Seamen,

10,024.00

10,175.40

1,070.25

151.40

Examination of Masters, &c.,.

3,050,00

1,927.50

1,122.50

Fees of Court,

13,984,29

13,582.66

401.63

Fees on Grant of Leases,.

705.00

1,370.00

665.00

Fee for testing Petroleum,

335,00

265.00

70.00

Gaol Expenses,-Recovery from Diplomatic, Naval, and

Military Departments, Scamen and Debtors,

1,315.15

2,343.15

1,028,00

Gunpowder, Storage of

13,353.44

12,627,21

726.23

Householders, Registration of

1,273.75

1,519.00

245.25

Imperial Post Office, Contribution from

5,375.97

7,497.89

2,121.92

Lock Hospital, Grant-in-Aid from Admiralty,

1,018.76

1,056.03

37.27

Medical Examination of Emigrants,

19,814.25

18,794.50

1,019.75

Medical Registration Fees,

Medical Treatment of Patients in the Civil Hospital,......

30.00

19,021.58

40.00

26,199.20

10.00

7,177.62

:

Maintenance of Gap Rock Lighthouse,-Contribution

Tom Comese imperial Government towards the.....

700.00

Official Administrator and Trustee,...........

3,496.71

760.00

4,567.22

1,070.51

Official Signatures,..

14,160.11

Printed Forms, Sale of

181.75

Private Moorings and Buoys, Rent for.

2,880.00

487.02

372.00

2,970.00

13,673.09

Queen's College, Fees from Scholars,

Registry Fees,

13,460.00

706.00

21,598.00

190.25

90.00

8,138.00

481.00

Refund of Police Pay,

1,817.29

1,694.60

...

225.00

122.69

Refund Cost of Police and other Storcs,..

537.01

799.46

262.45

Shipping Crews and Seamen,

10,947.20

11,105.20

158.00

Sick Stoppages from Police Force,

1,023.54

945.91

77.63

Steam-launches, Surveyor's Certificate.

1,600,00

1,710.00

Certificate to Chinese entering America,

18,600.00

110.00

18,600.00

...

Survey of Steam-ships,

11,829.77

10,924.05

905.72

School for Girls, Fees from Scholars

619.00

684.00

Sunday Cargo-Working Permits,...

11,850.00

25,925.00

Trade Marks, Registration of

2,956.04

1,997.18

...

65.00

14,075.00

958.86

Overtime Fees, Engagement and Discharge of Crews

on Board Ship,

515,00

1,285.00

POST OFFICE:-Postage,

268,616.49.

337,179.99

770.00

68,563,50

...

RENT OF GOVERNMENT PROPERTY, LAND AND HOUSES:-

Buildings,

792.00

647.43

144.57

Laundries,

683.84

862.90

179.06

Leased Lands,

211,798.70

235,775.74

6,022.96

Lands not Leased,

10,190.47

10,715.27

524.80

Markets,

70,519.15

75,065.08

4,545.93

Piers,

4,082.19

8,539.64

4,457.45

Stone Quarries,

15,500.00

15,860.00

360.00

Slaughter House,..

41,412.00

42,372.00

960.00

Sheep and Pig Depôts,

11,147,54 11,276.05

128.51

INTEREST,

4,576,84

4,576.84

MISCELLANEOUS RECEIPTS :-

Condemned Stores, &c.,

2,671.04

2,203.78

Interest for use of Furniture at Government House,...

156.43

117.93

467.26

38,50

Night Soil Contracts,

27,840.00

28,476.00

636.00.

Other Miscellaneous Receipts,

12,924,47

18,873.59

5,949.12

Profit on Subsidiary Coins,.

115,015.91

148,014.49

33,028:58

TOTAL exclusive of Land Sales & Water Account,. 2,352,366.32 | 2,672,107.80

414,574.59 94,833.11

LAND SALES,

WATER ACCOUNT,.

224,500.59

110,047.79

133,318,87

91,181.72

112,732.57

2,684.78

TOTAL,.

.$ 2,686,911.70 | 2,918,159.24

417,259.37

186,014.83

TOTAL,..

Deduct Decrease,

Nett Increase,

Treasury, Hongkong, 10th March, 1899.

186,014.83

231,244.54

2,641,409.71 | 2,841,805.20

248,109.08

47

Deduct Decrease,

Nett Increase,

.$

47,713,59

200,395.19

A. M. THOMSON, Acting Treasu

217

Statement of Deposits not Available received and repaid in the Colony of Hongkong during the year 1898.

By whom deposited.

Outstanding

on

Outstanding

1st January, 1898.

Deposits received during the

Total.

Deposits repaid during the

on

31st Dec.,

year.

year.

1898.

Sikh Police Fund,

1,878.00

1,192,00

3,070.00

502.00

2,568.00

Police Fine Fund,

65.93

681.32

747.25

631.02

116.23

Chinese Recreation Ground,

1,811.44

1,347.31

3,158.75

721.30

2,437.45

Estate of Deceased Policemen,

170.82

170.82

170.82

Tender Deposit,

3,450.00

7,665.00

11,115.00

7,080.00

4,035.00

Intestate Estate,

362.49

Post Office Fine Fund,

0.20

22.90

Suitor's Fund,

70,598.28

152,335.04

362.49 29.10 222,933.32

362.49

29.10

162,688.88

60,244.44

Miscellaneous,

500.00

3,667.49

4,167.49

2,817.49

1,350.00

Gaol Library, ....

103.90

103.90

103.90

Administration of Passengers' Estates,..

292.36

52.73

345.09

315.09

Board of Trade, ....

837.94

837.94

320.32

517.62

Custom Duties on parcels,

50.33

50.33

3.74

46.59

Widows' and Orphans' Fund,

Praya Reclamation,.

17,966.69 317,000.00

17,966.69 817,000.00

212.66

17,754.03

317,000.00

$

79,239.42 502,818.75

582,058.17

171,977.41

407,080.76

A. M. THOMSON,

on

1st January 1898.

Treasury, Hongkong, 10th March 1899.

Acting Treasurer.

Statement of advances made and repaid in Hongkong during the year ended 31st December, 1898.

To whom advanced.

Outstanding made during

1898.

Advances repaid during the year ended 31st Dec., 1898.

Outstanding Balance

31st Dec., 1898.

Advances

the year ended 31st Dec.,

Total.

Money Orders,..............

24,073.78

284,935.67

311,319.12

278,094.62

33,224.50

(1) 2,309.67

Government of Singapore,.

9.75

82.75

92.50

92.50

Supreme Court,

100.00

100.00

Captain Superintendent of Police,

25.00

80.00

105.00

80.00

Praya Reclamation,

1,730.54

12,764.96

14,495.50

1,730.54

100.00 25.00 12,764.96

Imperial Government, Mrs. Carew,

1,354.59

(2) 100.54

1,455.13

1,455.13

G. W. Watling,

236.34

236.34

60.00

Crown Solicitor,

80.05

Sanitary Department,

600.00

200.00 36,231.22

280.05 36,831.22

Postmaster General,

19,000.00

790.24

19,790.24

T. Warren,

22.67

22.67

(4) 176.34

280.05

36,831.22 19,580.35

13.62

209.89

(5) 9.05

P. C. Langley,

139.36

139.36

139.36

Government of Thursday Island,

103.54

103.54

103.54

J. Gowanlock,

69.66

69.66

69.66

...

Captain Hastings,

84.49

84.49

83.82

(6) 67

Treasury,

500.00

500.00

500.00

Director of Public Works,.....

Superintendent of Fire Brigade,

Admiralty,

Mombassa, Wheel Barrows,

E. M. Knox,

Miss Millington,

Miss Robins, H. B. Lethbridge,

J. D. Ball,

B. James,..

F. Howell,

Miss Maker,.. Sir H. Blake,

1,500.00

1,500.00

1,500.00

200.00

200.00

200.00

500.00

500.00

500.00

514.80

522.41

522.41

(3)

7.61

200.00

200.00

197.85

:

(7) 2.15

119.66

119.66

65.27

54.39

119.66

119.66

65.27

54.39

227.46

227.46

210.49

16.97

312.20

312.20

150.00

162.20

208.13

208.13

120.00

88.13

520.32

520.32

100.00

420.32

54.39

54.39

54.39

1,556.76

1,556.76

1,556.76

W. M. Arthur,

207.56

207.56

207.56

$

47,545.28

344,328.09

391,873.37

342,988.30

48,885.07

Profit in Exchange-(1) 2,309.67

Loss in Exchange-(4)

176,34

>>

(2) 100.54

(3)

7.61

$2,417.82

9.05

"

67

2.15

91

$ 188.21

Treasury, Hongkong, 10th March, 1899.

A. M. THOMSON, Acting Treasurer.

218

1898.

PUBLIC WORKS EXTRAORDINARY CHARGEABLE AGAINST THE NEW LOAN.

Praya Reclamation, Ordinance 16 of 1889,..........................

Praya Reclamation Reconstruction of Government Piers and Landings,..

Gaol Extension, .....

..་...་

Sewerage of Victoria,

Water and Drainage Works, Miscellaneous,

.$ 50,000.00

30,000.00

14,155.28

4,785.06

36,905,51

Hongkong 10th March, 1899.

?

"1

$135,845.85

A. M. THOMSON, Acting Treasurer.

PRAYA RECLAMATION FUND.

STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE TO 31ST DECEMBER, 1898.

1890.

1891.

1892.

1893.

1894.

1895.

1896.

1897.

1898.

Total

Expenditure.

Estimated

Cost.

Balance to

be Spent.

Private Marine Lot Holders.

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

Section No. 1,*

7,128.44

Do. No. 2,.

55,887.63

42,019.54 43,791.64 24,984.84 46,758.18 63,318.02 34,580.26 49,612.81

14,086.90

24,596.23

29,091.12 295,774.91

423,260.67

127,485.76

35,455.12

36,245.99

6,202.29

5,754.83

11,705.77

Do. No. 3,

6,051.44

65,661.55

112,573.89

33,075.47

31,598.99

36,697.68

48,599.71

43,961.02

10,903.57 216,348.27 25,030.76 403,245.51 459,378.56

251,176.20

4,827.93

56,133.05

Do. No. 4,

3,113.67

6,552.99

7,019.62

1,822.21

7,063.88

55,691.67

39,144.85

11,964.17

31,946.06 164,319.72 227,392.11

63,072.39

Do. No. 5,.

5,004.19

9,187.60

14,215.46

3,428.36

14,169.36

8,670.52

63,670 23

62,780.32

49,058.88

280,184.92 (*)329,686.00

99,501.08

Do.

No. 6,.

Do. No. 7.

7,876.47 14,630.92 21,788.35 31,817.59

27,669.30

77,925.38

5,666.04 53,029.15 57,374.26 9,600.81 51,701.26 44,549.27

29,767.10

50,382.14

52.327.67

298,723.05 523,788.60

225,065.55

27,309.82

27,919.28

()...... (*)276,895.46 316,268.44

39,372.98

Total,......$

106,850.19

204,450.45

332,808.10

114,032.85 240,561.81 272,503.71 228,333.44

233,308.93

198,358.66 1,915,491.84 2,530,950.58

615,458.74

Government.

Section No. 4,..

443.53

814.38

1,260.26

303.87

233.81

9,727.49

5,464.26

3,290.36

5,661.37

Do. No. 5,

1,418.47

2,520.24

4,213.30

1,003.11

774.39

1,697.95

16,858.62

18,515.52

(*).

27,199.33 (*)45,628.65 | (6)67,194.90

38,734.40

11,535.07

21,566.25

Do. No. 6,..

755.45

1,400.02

2,119.82

544.73

637.44

1,036.00

1,541.61

3,337.25

1,094.88

Do. No. 7,

32,304.19

48,472.28

111,086.04

12,473.23

10,156.55

5,709.57 12,954.74

3,393.29

3,005.03

12,467.20 239,554.92 259,218.77

46,818.00

34,350.80

19,663.85

Total,......$

34,921.64

53,206.92

118,679.42

14,324.94

11,802.19

18,171.01 36,819.23

28,536.42

9,761.28 324,850.10 411,960.07

87,115.97

Grand Total,...$ 141,771.83 257,657.37

451,487.52

128,357.79

252,364.00

290,674.72

265,152.67

261,845.35

208,119.94 2,240,341.94 2,942,916.65 702,574.71

* This includes Marine Lots Nos. 188, 189 & 190 which belong to the Government.

(1) Expenditure,

21,242.23

Less Transfers,

36,958.53

(3) Total Expenditure,

Less Cr. Balance,

.$292,611.76

15,716.30

Cr. Balance,...

15,716.30

$276,895.46

(2) Expenditure,................

8,486.01

(4) Total Expenditure, ....................

Less Transfers,

9,858.96

Less Cr. Balance,

47,001.60

1,372.95

Cr. Balance,..........

.$ 1,372.95

$ 45,628,65

Treasury, Hongkong, 15th March, 1899.

(5) M. L. 63 increased by 9,600 sq. ft. @ $2 per sq. ft.

(5) Govt. Sec. 5 reduced by 9,600 sq. ft. @ $1.844 per sq. ft.

A. M. THOMSON,

Acting Treasurer,

219

220

Dr.

FINANCIAL STATEMENT FOR 189 8.

LOAN ACCOUNT.

Cr.

To Inscribed Stock Loan at 3% interest,

to be paid off on the 15th April, 1943,...| £341,799.15.1

By Sinking Fund.

£8,854.8.1

ASSETS AND LIABILITIES,

ON THE 31ST DECEMBER, 1898.

ASSETS.

Subsidiary Coins, ........

$ e.

LIABILITIES.

C.

315,000.00

Drafts drawn by Crown Agents, in

transit,

82,000.00

Subsidiary Coins in transit,

Arrears of Taxes,

650,000.00 Military Contribution,

60,370.34

Deposits not available,.

407,080.76

21.87

Refund of Taxes, ...

2,500.00

Arrears of Crown Rent,

40,433.92 Officers' Remittances, not yet paid,

26,613.00

Advances to be recovered,.

48,885.07

Money Orders, not yet paid,........

Transit Charges,.........

12,881.99

5,900.00

Suspense House Service,

5,461.75 Pensions due to Civil Officers,

15,900.00

Do. to Police,

11,000.00

Private Drainage Works,

Overdrawn Balance,

292.36

251,905.77

TOTAL LIABILITIES,...... $

876,444.22

Balance,

213,358.39

TOTAL ASSETS,.....$1,089,802.6)

$1,089,802.61

Balance of Assets over Liabilities,......

Less Balance of 1893 Loan,

$213,358.39

123,334.14

$ 90,024.25

Treasury, Hongkong, 13th March, 1899.

A. M. THOMSON,

Acting Treasurer.

HONGKONG.

625

40 No. 99.

FINANCIAL RETURNS ACCOMPANYING THE DRAFT ESTIMATES FOR 1900.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor.

No. 54.

SIR,

TREASURY, 30th September, 1899.

I have the honour to transmit the following returns for consideration and approval of His Excel- lency the Governor :--

1. Estimates of Revenue for 1900.*

2. Table of the Assets and Liabilities of the Colony for the past year.

3. Estimated Balance of the Assets of the Colony on 31st December, 1899.

4. Estimated Loan Account 1899.

5. Loan Account 1898.

The Statement marked A will show how the balance of $251,056.94 is arrived at. I have omitted all items appearing in the statement of Assets and Liabilities for 1898 set forth at page (C 16) of the Blue Book for 1898 which will form part of the Revenue and Expenditure for the current year.

I have the, honour to be,

Sir,

Your obedient Servant,

The Honourable

THE COLONIAL SECRETARY,

&c.,

&c.,

&c.

* Not printed.

A. M. THOMSON,

Treasurer.

ESTIMATED BALANCE OF THE ASSETS OF THE COLONY, ON THE 31ST DECEMBER, 1899.

Do.,

Estimated Revenue, 1899, Estimated Expenditure, Local,..

Do.

Crown Agents,

Estimated Revenue in excess over Expenditure,

Loan Works, 1st January to 30th June,..

Do.,

1st July to 31st December (Estimated),

Balance of Assets of 1898,

..

Plus Revenue in excess of 1899 Expenditure,

Total,.

..$3,373,414.00

.$2,538,626.00 570,934.00

3,109,560.00

Less Loan Works,.....

Estimated Balance of 1899 Assets,

Treasury, 29th September, 1899.

$ 263,854.00

.$ 17,292.04 121,000.00

$ 138,292.04

$ 251,056.94 263,854.00

$514,910.94 138,292.04

$376,618.90

A. M. THOMSON, Treasurer.

626

Statement A.

ASSETS AND LIABILITIES.

ON THE 31ST DECEMBER, 1898.

ASSETS.

$ C.

LIABILITIES.

$

C.

Subsidiary Coins,

345,000.00 | Drafts drawn by Crown Agents, in transit,...

82,000:00

Cost of Subsidiary Coins in transit,

632,484.00 Deposits not available,............

407,080.76

Advances to be recovered................

Suspense House Service,

48,885.07 Officers' Remittances, not yet paid,

26,613.00

5,461.75 Money Orders, not yet paid,

12,881.99

Private Drainage Works,..........

292.36

Overdrawn Balance,..........

251,905.77

BALANCE OF Assets,.

251,056.94

Treasury, 29th September, 1899.

Dr.

$1,031,830.82

LOAN ACCOUNT, 1898.

To Inscribed Stock Loan at 3% interest to

be paid off on the 15th April, 1943, ......£341,799.15. 1

By Sinking Fund,....

Treasury, 29th September, 1899.

Dr.

ESTIMATED LOAN ACCOUNT, 1899.

To Inscribed Stock Loan at 3% interest to

By Sinking Fund,........

be paid off on the 15th April, 1943, ......£341,799.15. 1

Treasury, 29th September, 1899.

$1,031,830.82

A. M. THOMSON,

Treasurer.

Cr.

£ 8,854. 8. 1

A. M. THOMSON,

Treasurer.

Cr.

.£12,584. 6. 11

A. M. THOMSON, Treasurer.

'

$

C.

ASSETS.

Subsidiary Coins,

ASSETS AND LIABILITIES,

ON THE 31ST DECEMBER, 1898.

627

C.

LIABILITIES.

345,000.00 Drafts drawn by Crown Agents, in

transit,

82,000.00

Subsidiary Coins in transit,

650,000.00 | Military Contribution,

60,370.34

Deposits not available,.

407,080.76

Arrears of Taxes,

21.87

Refund of Taxes,

2,500.00

Arrears of Crown Rent,

40,433.92 Officers' Remittances, not yet paid,

26,613.00

Money Orders, not yet paid,.....

12,881.99

Advances to be recovered,.

......

48,885.07

Transit Charges,...

5,900.00

Suspense House Service,

5,461.75 Pensions due to Civil Officers,

15,900.00

Do. to Police,

11,000.00

Private Drainage Works,

Overdrawn Balance,

292.36

251,905.77

TOTAL LIABILITIES,...... $

876,444,22

Balance,

213,358.39

TOTAL ASSETS,.....$1,089,802.01

$1,089,802.61

1

Balance of Assets over Liabilities,...

Less Balance of 1893 Loan,

Treasury, Hongkong, 13th March, 1899.

$213,358.39

123,334.14

$ 90,024.25

A. M. THOMSON,

Acting Treasurer.

HONGKONG.

165

No.- 8

99

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF FIRE BRIGADE FOR 1898.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor.

POLICE OFFICE, HONGKONG, 6th February, 1899.

SIR,-I have the honour to submit the following report on the Government Fire Brigade for the year 1898.

2. There were 16 Fires and 73 Incipient Fires during the year. Details regarding each will be found attached. The Brigade turned out 23 times.

The estimated damage caused by the fires was $35,000.74 and by the incipient fires $1,999.00. A list is attached shewing the number of fires that have occurred during each of the last ten years with the estimated value of property destroyed in each case.

The record for last year is the best in the series. The estimated value of property destroyed is less than $3,000 more than the lowest recorded which was in the year 1891, while the number of fires was double the number in that year.

3. There was one prosecution for arson in connection with the incipient fire at No. 112 Third Street. The accused, a Chinese woman, was discharged at the Criminal Sessions, being apparently not mentally responsible for her actions.

4. There was no loss of life at any fire.

5. The water in the mains was not turned off at any time during the year, and none of the land engines were used at a fire.

6. I attach a list of places where Fire Despatch Boxes are kept, and of private telephones to which the Police have courteously been granted access in case of fire, together with copy of a report from the Engineer on the state of the various Fire Engines, which are all in good working order.

7. During the year six shelters were built at convenient places in the city for the reception of a despatch box each. A certain number of Indian and Chinese Police Constables, not members of the Fire Brigade, have been trained in the use of the despatch box, and the beats on which the shelters are situated are assigned to these particular Constables, who carry the keys of the shelters and are ready to render first aid at any fire occurring on their beats or in the immediate vicinity.

The men receive a small monthly allowance for this additional responsibility.

The idea of thus extending the use of the despatch box and of utilising the Police on beat duty for the purpose, is one that occurred to Mr. WODEHOUSE (as I have discovered from an old report of his) before it occurred to me.

The system is capable of indefinite extension, and I am of opinion that the moral effect alone of the existence on the spot of appliances for first aid will be found to have a deterrent effect on incendiarism.

8 It was my intention to fix in the streets a few fire alarms of the usual type used at home, but on the suggestion of Mr. E. M. HAZELAND, in charge of the Government Telephone Service, telephones connected with the Central Fire Station have been fixed instead at the back of the Harbour Office, at the Junction of Hollywood Road and Queen's Road, and at the Junction of Wilmer Street and Connaught Road.

There has been as yet no opportunity to test the utility of these telephones, but I am in hopes that they may prove useful in speedily communicating alarms of fires to the Brigade.

The system requires careful watching and is capable of extensive development.

9. The increasing height of Chinese houses in the city and the great height of the new buildings on the Praya, render necessary a re-organisation of the ladder supply of the Brigade, and the subject is receiving my attention. The matter would be an easy one were it not for the obstruction caused by verandahs.

In the meantime it is well to warn the occupants of the upper stories of the blocks of new build- ings on the Praya Reclamation, that there is no Fire Escape in the Colony and that they should provide themselves with some simple escapes such as the Amateur Dramatic Club have provided them- selves with for use from the dressing rooms attached to the theatre.

10. The extension of the Central Fire Station has been completed and advantage has been taken of the additional accommodation to increase the permanent staff by 10 Chinese Firemen, the services of the 6 Soldiers who used to be on night duty being dispensed with. The soldiers used continually to be changed for various causes and rarely had an opportunity of becoming really efficient firemen.

:

166

The number of European Firemen at the Station has also been increased, and the Station should be generally in a higher state of efficiency than was possible under the old conditions It is certainly far more decent and comfortable for the men.

11. The conduct of the Brigade throughout the year has been very good, with one exception- that of a Chinese watchman who was convicted of larceny of a jacket from the scene of the fire at No. 2, West Street, on the 10th October, and sentenced to two months' hard labour.

12. Mr. THOMAS CAMPBELL, Assistant Engineer, who was connected with the Brigade for up- wards of nine years, died at the end of 1897.

Mr. CAMPBELL was a very able and experienced officer and was a great loss to the Brigade. His post was filled during the year by Sergeant MCLENNAN of the Police Force who fulfilled the duties in a satisfactory manner.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

The Honourable

THE ACTING COLONIAL SECRETARY,

fc.,

&c.,

&.c.

F. H. MAY,

Superintendent of Fire Brigade.

List of Places where Fire Brigade Despatch Boxes are kept.

1 Box. No. 1 Police Station.

Engine House at No. 2 Police Station.

Naval Dock Yard.

3

"1

1

""

Clock Tower,

19

Government Offices.

1

1

1

1.

1

1

1

13

"

>>

"}

??

**

1

>>

Government House.

No. 7 Queen's Garden, Engineers' Mess. Central Police Station.

Wellington Street at Lyndhurst Terrace. Government Civil Hospital.

Staunton Street at Sing Wong Street.

Water Lane at Queen's Road Central.

2 Box.

1

""

1

""

1

""

1

""

1

1

23

2

1)

No. 7 Police Station.

Bonham Strand West, at West End. Gas House, West Point.

Fat Hing Street, at Queen's Road West. Ko Shing Theatre.

Government Lunatic Asylum.

Nam Pak Hong Fire Station. Man Mo Temple.

No. 5 Police Station.

Kennedy Town Hospital.

Collinson Street.

No. 463 Queen's Road West.

List of Telephones to which the Police can have access to communicate with Central Station in the event of a Fire breaking out.

Hongkong and China Gas Company, East and

West Point, from 7 A.M. to 9 PM.

Tung Wá Hospital, Po Yan Street.

Man On Insurance Office, Queen's Road West.

Hongkong Hotel, Praya Central.

Royal Naval Yard, Queen's Road East, Mr. J. KENNEDY's Causeway Bay.

Electric Light Company, Queen's Road East.

FIRE BRIGADE STATION, HONGKONG, 12th January, 1899.

Sin, I have the honour to forward herewith a report on the state of the Government Fire Engines for the year ending 31st December, 1898.

STEAMER NO. 1.

(Floating Engine by Shand and Mason.)

This Engine has been two years in service; it has done good service at fires in the harbour; has been regularly tested at drill for drivers and is now in good order. The boat was put on the slip in the month of May for inspection and cleaning, and was found in good order and condition.

STEAMER No. 2.

(Land Engine by Shand and Mason.)

This Engine has been twenty years in service (Boiler one year). It has not been used at a fire during the year and is now in good order and condition.

STEAMER No. 3.

(Land Engine by Shand and Mason.)

This Engine has been twenty years in service and is now in good order. It has not been used at

a fire during the year, but has been regularly tested at drill for drivers.

1

167

STEAMER No. 4.

(Land Engine by Shand and Mason.)

This Engine has been seventeen years in service. It has not been used at a fire during the year, but has been examined and tested for efficiency every inonth.

STEAMER No. 5.

(Land Engine by Shand and Mason.)

This Engine has been thirteen years in service. It has not been used at a fire during the year; it has been examined and tested for efficiency and is now in good order.

All the Manual Engines and gear, as well as the Hose, Reels, Ladders and Supply Carts are in good order and condition.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your obedient Servant,

The Honourable

F. H. MAY, C.M.G.,

Superintendent of Fire Brigade.

FIRES, 1888.

No.

DATE.

SITUATION OF FIRE.

JOHN W. KINGHORN, Engineer, Government Fire Brigade.

NO. OF BUILDINGS

DESTROYED.

Wholly. Partly.

ESTIMATED AMOUNT

OF PROPERTY

DESTROYED.

1234 ICON∞∞

January 1

No. 147, Queen's Road West,

1

2

500

17

>>

No. 77, Praya West,

1

I

700

28

No. 93, Bonham Strand,

1

5,500

February 10

No. 151, Hollywood Road,

1

500

5

12

No. 7, Ship Street,

1

1

200

6

29

No. 229, Queen's Road West,

1

22,000

7

March

12

No. 139, Queen's Road Central,

1

35,000

14

""

No. 21, Centre Street,

1

9,000

22

No. 3, Gilman Street,

..

10

11

April

3 No. 201, Queen's Road West,

5

2

11,500

13

""

No. 29, Graham Street,..

1

12

24

29

No. 186, Wing Lok Street,

1

400 4,000

13

27

27

No. 89, Queen's Road West,..

200

14 May

11

No. 81, Jervois Street,

2

16,000

15

12

No. 9, Chinese Street,

I

100

16

وو

وو

18

17

31

39

18

June

11

19

21

""

20

29

39

No. 55, Queen's Road West,.

No. 15, Ship Street,

No. 58, Wing Lok Street,..

No. 339, Queen's Road Central, No. 114, Jervois Street,

4

1

300

1

500

:

1

1,000

21

July

6

No. 42, Queen's Road West,..

2

2

25,000

22

23

""

No. 188, Second Street,.

1

11

6,000

23

24

>>

Nos. 6 and 8, Peel Street,..

2

2,000

24

26

"9

No. 17, Jervois Street,

1

1

10,000

25

27

No. 19, Tank Lane,

1

200

26

August

15

No. 2, Cochrane Street,.

1

20

27

17

Jubilee Street,

++

4

"

14,000

28

19

No. 86, Hollywood Road,

1

2

2,000

29

28

No. 18, Lyndhurst Terrace,

12

4

80,000

30

September 26

31

30

32

30

33

October

No. 388, Queen's Road Central, No. 110, Queen's Road Central, No. 112, Queen's Road Central, No. 21, Chung Sau Lane West,

1

1

5,500

1

2

7,500

3

27,500

1

500

34

""

4 171, Queen's Road West,

3

1

10,000

35

22

99

No. 114, Queen's Road Central,

1

36

30

وو

No. 217, Queen's Road West,

::

8,000

...

3,000

37 November

3

No. 46, Praya Central,

1

2

8,000

38

8

No. 18, Albany Street,

""

39

11

No. 53, East Street,

1

""

100 1,000

40

""

15

No. 99, Queen's Road East,

800

41

17

42

17

No. 39, Praya, Yaumati,

""

43

17

No. 103, Bonham Strand Central,

Aberdeen Village,

2

10,000

2

2

1,800

1

150

"

44

18

No. 83, Jervois Street,

2

""

25,000

45

December 21

No. 115, Praya West,

1

1,000

TOTAL,..

359,770

1.

168

No.

DATE.

FIRES, 1889.

SITUATION OF FIRE.

No. of BUILDINGS

DESTROYED.

Wholly. Partly.

ESTIMATED

AMOUNT OF PROPERTY

DESTROYED.

1

January

3

No. 1, Rozario Street,

2

1,000

7

No. 197, Queen's Road West,

1

1

2,000

February

6

4

April

12

No. 92, Wing Lok Street,... No. 292, Queen's Road West,

20,000

20

May

5

No. 145, Bonham Strand,

300

9

No. 10, Wilmer Street,

1

10,000

June

29

No. 242, Queen's Road West,

2

3,000

8

July

4

No. 227, Queen's Road West,

Ι

1,300

9

August

24

No. 95, Hollywood Road,

1

400

10

26

No. 174, Third Street,

1,500

""

11

September 16

No. 203, Queen's Road Central,

2,000

12

21

""

No. 1, Wing Wo Street,

1,200

13

21

No. 112, Queen's Road Central,

4,000

14

"

15

29

16

October

10

17

30

18

November 4

25 | No. 220, Queen's Road Central,

No. 9, Hellier Street,.

No. 42, Battery Street, Yaumati, No. 154, Queen's Road Central, No. 7, Nullah Lane,

3

19

5

20

December 23

21

30

No. 55, Queen's Road West, No. 334, Queen's Road Central, No. 17, Bonham Strand,

1

1

}

1

1

1,500

8,000

:

1,000

16,000

5,000

20,000

.$

98,223

No.

DATE.

TOTAL,....

FIRES, 1890.

SITUATION OF FIRE.

NO. OF BUILDINGS

DESTROYED.

ESTIMATED AMOUNT

OF PROPERTY

DESTROYED.

Wholly. Partly.

10TH LO CO

January

5 No. 7, Station Street,..

No. 33, Tung Man Lane,

""

""

3

1,000

7

18 No. 229, Praya West,

No. 8. Lyndhurst Terrace, 28 No. 23, Bonham Strand,

1

500

8,000

1

10,000

1

400

""

February 10

No. 18, Gage Street,

1

300

14

No. 8, St. Francis Street,

1

550

8

)

May

2

No. 68, Bonham Strand,

4

2

41,000

19

""

The Hongkong Dispensary,

100,000

10

23

No. 12, Kwong Un Street, East,

1

3,000

11

July

7

No. 32, Square Street, ....

1

500

12

September 9

Blackhead & Co, Praya Central,..

1

30,000

13

22

No. 38, Gilman Bazaar,

::

1

100

14

November 11

No. 47, Bonham Strand,..

2.000

15

15

No. 69, Upper Station Street,

16

December 15 No. 112, Queen's Road Central,

250 6,000

203,600

No.

DATE.

TOTAL,..

FIRES, 1-91.

NO. OF BUILDINGS

DESTROYED.

SITUATION OF FIRE.

1

January

8

Nos. 170 and 172, Third Street,

2

February

8 | No. 353, Queen's Road West,

3

April

5

No. 41, Hillier Street,

4

وو

May

5

No. 331, Queen's Road Central,

699

"

6

July

11

7 The Hongkong and China Bakery, Morrison Hill Road,

December 19

East Point,

No. 280, Queen's Road Central, No. 72. Station Street, Yaumati, No. 57A, Wanchai Road,

TOTAL.........

ESTIMATED AMOUNT

OF PROPERTY

DESTROYED.

Wholly. Partly.

5

$

1

2

3,000 700

1

1,500

1

1,000

11,500

o ૦)

12,000

1,800

600

.$

32,100

No.

DATE.

FIRES, 1892.

SITUATION OF FIRE.

- 07.00 + LO CON ∞ S

وو

11

8

Mar

9

Jwie

21

16

January

10

No. 9, Queen's Road Central,

13

Bonham Strand,

""

21

No. 528, Queen's Road West, No. 81, High Street,

">

April

1

10

No. 26, Sai Wo Lane,

No. 17, Queen's Road West,

No. 104, Queen's Road West,

22 | No. 17, Tank Lane,

No. 29, Centre Street.

10

July

3

No. 91, Wing Lok Street,

Il

August

18

No. 49, Queen's Road West,

12

21

No. 48, Queen's Road West,

13

14

September 15 December

No. 80, Queen's Road West,.

8

No. 333, Queen's Road Central,

15

20

No. 14, Jubilee Street,

"}

16

No. 16, East Street,

"

No.

DATE.

169

NO. OF BUILDINGS

DESTROYED.

Wholly. Partly.

ESTIMATED AMOUNT OF PROPERTY

DESTROYED.

1

$ 40,000

8,000

1

6,000

1

:

100

1

1,000

1

400

1

1,500

Ι

250

1

100

1

5,000

1

300

1

3,000

4,000

5,000

1

300

600

TOTAL,...

.$

75,550

FIRES, 1893.

SITUATION OF FIRE.

NO. OF BUILDINGS

DESTROYED.

Wholly. Partly.

ESTIMATED AMOUNT

OF PROPERTY

DESTROYED.

INGOF 00 20 1

January

February

7 No. 73, Hollywood Road,

No. 79, Nullah Lane,.....

18 No. 2, Square Street,.. No. 68, Jervois Street,

1

$

800

1

300

1

10

Q

1

10,000:

5

13

No 101, Wing Lok Street,

6,000

6

March

22

No. 22, Holland Street,.

1

1

40,000

7

""

26

No. 301, Queen's Road West,

1

8,000

8

April

13

No. 87, Jervois Street,

2,000

9

25

";

No. 15, West Street,

800

10

27

"

No. 1, In On Lane,.

2

1

19,000

11

May

13

No. 344, Queen's Road Central,

2,000

12

June

16

No. 406, Queen's Road West,

1

2,000

13

16

No. 28, Tsz Mi Lane,...

700

14

July

3 No. 191, Hollywood Road,

1,500

15

>>

16

""

17

""

14 No. 19, Gough Street,

19 | No. 280, Queen's Road West, 20 No. 12, Tung Loi Lane,........

150

1

1

1,000

4

20,000

18

August

16

No. 337, Queen's Road West,

1

300

19

"}

17

No. 32, Queen's Road West,

1

...

2,800

20

25

""

No. 155, Second Street,.

1

20,000

21

September 5

No. 7, Ezra Lane,

1

400

22

}"

18

No. 248, Hollywood Road,

1

4,000

23

30

""

No. 127, Bonham Strand,

5,000

24

October

25

26

23

97

,,

12 | No. 14, Li Shing Street,

November 11 | No. 115, Praya West, 11 No. 58, Square Street, 16 No. 5, Pan Kwai Lane,

1

5,500

3

1

20,000

1

3,000

1

28

21

>>

No. 9, Tannery Lane,....

::

1,000

1

40

29

"

23

No. 314A, Queen's Road Central,..

1

8,000

30

26

No. 22, Tsz Mi Lane,..

1

1

5,500

31

December

4

No. 31, Wing Fung Street,

1

10

32

5

""

No. 131, Bonham Strand,

19

2

2,000

33

>>

No. 11, Bonham Strand,

2

5,000

34

>>

10

No. 240, Queen's Road West,

1

9,000

35

17

13

No. 99, Praya West,

1

400

36

"

25

No. 100, Queen's Road West,

1

1

2,000

TOTAL,.......

208,210

170

No.

DATE.

TIME.

FIRES, 1894.

SITUATION OF FIRE.

NO. OF BUILDINGS

DESTROYED.

ESTIMATED

DAMAGE.

Wholly. Partly.

1

January 9

12.30 p.m.

14

13

8.45 p.m.

26

1.25 a.m.

""

February

1

7.55 a.m.

6

"

1.40 p.m.

14

""

4.50 p.m.

25

"

7 p.m.

March

3

7.30 a.m.

28

9.35 a.m.

"

10

April

4

9.20 p.m.

11

"

17

10.30 a.m.

12

28

9 a.m.

No. 56, First Street,

No. 13, U Lok Lane,

No. 273, Queen's Road West, No. 26, Market Street, No. 57, Queen's Road West, No. 28, Upper Station Street, No. 86, Queen's Road West, No. 17, Salt Fish Street, No. 17, Upper Lascar Row, No. 136, Bonham Strand,.. No. 211, Hollywood Road, No. 63, Wanchai Road,

...

800

1

400

1

1,200

1

تح سم

2

2,500

2

4,000

1

300

1

50

1,500

1

5,000

6

1

1

1

"

13

30

2 a.m.

14

May

1

7 p.m.

15

15

3 a.m.

No. 122, Queen's Road Central, No. 116, Queen's Road Central, No. 137, Queen's Road West,

3

1

16

June

3

3 a.m.

17

3

3.10 a.m.

18

July

1

10.25 p.m.

19

August

14

10.30 a.m.

20

21

3.45 a.m.

21

October

2 a.m.

22

3

11.30

p.m.

23

27

24

24

""

25

31

""

26

November 30

7.40 p.m.

27

December 1

28

1

11.20

""

29

13

10 p.m.

p.m. 5.30 p.m.

6.20 p.m.

12.10 a.m.

10 p.m.

No. 15, Jervois Street,

No. 228, Queen's Road Central. No. 123, Queen's Road Central, No. 59, Square Street,

No. 9, Sai On Lane,

No. 21, West Street,.

No. 2, Ship Street,

No. 127, Queen's Road West, No. 115, Queen's Road Central, No. 32, Bonham Strand,

No. 207, Queen's Road Central. No. 183, Hollywood Road, No. 22, Queen's Road West,

HR-Q) — 0) — Si ing panel

150,000

2,000

1

1,500

2

55,000

18,000

4,500

2,500

20,000

No. 68, Jervois Street,

1

1

1

18,000

1

200

800

1

200

15,000

3

4,600

1

2,000

1

8,000

1

2,000

100

323,650

3,000 500

TOTAL,....

FIRES, 1895.

No.

DATE.

TIME.

SITUATION OF FIRE.

No. OF BUILDINGS DESTROYED.

ESTIMATED DAMAGE.

1 02 03 THIS CO

January

6

7.45 p.m.

12

""

18

5.45 p.m.

18

""

6.45 p.m.

21

9 p.m.

6

February

6

7

10

""

8

20

""

9

March

2

6.40 p.m.

10

3

""

7 p.m.

11

24

">

8 p.m.

House No. 96, Bonham Strand,

9.30 p.m.

9.15 p.m.

1 a.m.

1.20 p.m.

House No. 230. Queen's Road Central. House No. 4, Wellington Street,.. House No. 189, Queen's Road Central,

House No. 15, Mercer Street,

House No. 337, Queen's Road West, House No. 73, Bonham Strand,

House No. 149, Queen's Road Central, House No. 3, Wai Tak Lane,

House No. 228, Queen's Road West, House No. 7, Li Shing Street,...

Wholly. Partly.

::

1

$ 6,000

1

4,000

1

2,000

1

9,000

1

1,000

6,000

1

30

1

200

3

12,000

1

3,000

3

Unknown.

...

12

26

""

8.30 p.m.

House No. 212, Queen's Road West,

3,000

13

30

2.50 a.m.

House No. 352, Queen's Road Central,

1

5,000

14

April

6

3.25 a.m.

House No. 1, Queen's Street,

5,000

15

11

12 Noon

House No. 144, Queen's Road West,

1

3,000

""

16

18

7 p.m.

House No. 34, Bonham Strand,

1

1,000

17

24

10.15 p.m.

House No. 19, Jervois Street,

1

18

June

14

3.05 a.m.

House No. 76, Jervois Street,

::

12,000

...

19

July

29

4.50 a.m.

House No. 34, Winglok Street,

20

29

12.30 a.m.

House No. 3, Station Street,

1

""

21

22

25

26

34

35

34228 288 88*3

August September 6

30 October 5

5

1 a.m.

House No. 70, Jervois Street,

ໄ ໄວ້

2

1

2

Not known.

5,000 800 22,000

3.45 a.m.

House No. 4, Praya Central, premises of

Messrs. Wieler & Co.,

8.30 a.m.

House No. 12, Nullah Terrace, Quarry Bay,

12.50 a.in.

House No. 169, Hollywood Road,

1

6

"9

8.20 p.m.

Matshed at Quarry Bay,

1

...

""

27

""

November 21

29 December

28 700 CAR28

12.45 a.m.

7.35 p.m.

15

11.15 p.m.

30

13

11.15 p.m.

30

13

"}

4.30 p.m.

31

16

1 a.m.

32

33

REAR A

""

17

""

23

24

29

80

1.10 a.m.

1 a.m.

1.35 a.m.

6 p.m.

House No. 149, Queen's Road Central,

American ship Wandering Jew, Victoria

Harbour,

House No. 111, Praya West,

A matshed at Kun Chung,

A squatter's hut on the Hillside at the

back of Shaukiwan Station,

House No. 110, Praya West,

House No. 247, Queen's Road Central, ... House No. 285, Queen's Road Central, Houses Nos. 347 & 340, Queen's Road West, House No. 40, Queen's Road West,..

1

TOTAL,.......

1

100

700

1

3,000

500

100

...

1

150,000 6,000 200

قسم سرسر

1

1

...

25 8,000

3

2

1QQQ

15,000

2

4,000

5,325

5,000

.$

297,980

FIRES, 1896.

171

No.

DATE.

TIME.

1

January

15

2

16

7.45 p.m. 8.20

""

25

10.30

February 1

p.m.

p.m. 12.30 a.m.

6

1.00 a.m.

""

6

2.45 a.m.

**

7

11.05 p.m.

SITUATION OF FIRE.

House No. 30, Wing Lok Street,.... House No. 63, Queen's Road Central,. House No. 205, Queen's Road West, House No. 302, Queen's Road West, House No. 56, Jervois Street, House No. 57, Queen's Road West, House No. 133, Praya West,

NO. OF BUILDINGS DESTROYED

Wholly. Partly.

ESTIMATED DAMAGE.

2

2

$

9,000

30

1

1,000

1

2,600

1

6,000

16,000

6.000

8

26

4.25 a.m.

House No. 309, Queen's Road Central,

1

5,000

9

March

9

4.00 a.m.

House No. 367, Queen's Road Central, ...

1

5,000

10

April

1

5.10 a.m.

House No. 3, Wing Lok Street,

1

8,000

11

1

4.45 a.m.

House No. 288, Queen's Road West,

1

4,000

دو

12

6

4.20 a.m.

House No. 21, Salt Fish Street,

1

8,700

13

14

15

AAAA

4.15 a.m.

22

1.15 a m.

24

3.15 a.m.

16

26

8.45 a.in.

""

17

27

10.15 a.m.

>>

18

29

9.50

"1

p.in.

House No. 13, Wing Woo Street, House No. 43, Praya West,. House No. 15, Cochrane Street,

House No. 31, Belcher's St., Kennedy Town, House No. 238, Hollywood Road, House No. 115, Praya West,

1

2,000

: : :~

1

3,000

600

1

3,500

1

2,000

1

2,300

19

May

9

1.10 a.m.

20

14

""

10.15 p.m.

House No. 12, Sutherland Street, House No. 73, Jervois Street,

1

50

6,000

21

June

5

9.20 p.m.

House No. 3, Tsz Mi Lane,

1,290

22

15

7.30 a.m.

23

29

8.30

p.in.

24

August 14

3.10

p.m.

House No. 10, Ship Street,

25

October 28

2.10 p.m.

26

November

12.40 a.m.

27

21

""

28

29

30

AA

وو

December 8

10 21

8.30 p.m. 1.00 a m.

3.20 a.m.

Licensed Cargo Boat No. 69,

On Board the British barque Glen Caladḥ,.

House No. 137, Wing Lok Street,

House No. 109, Queen's Road West,

House No. 138, Queen's Road West,

House No. 18, New Street,

4,500

Unknown.

1

600

1

7,000

1

25

1

200

1

1,000

House No. 10, Queen's Road West, House No. 63, Bonham Strand,

1

200

Trifling.

TOTAL,....

..$

105,595

FIRES, 1897.

NO. OF BUILDINGS DESTROYED.

No.

DATE.

TIME.

SITUATION OF FIRE.

ESTIMATED DAMAGE.

Wholly. Partly.

1

January

12 18

"

10.30 p.m. 10.15 p.m.

February 3

4.20 a.m.

On board the S.S. Fausang,.. House No. 138, Jervois Street, House No. 213, Praya West,

$

500

1

25,000

17,000

11

"

1.20 p.m.

House No. 24, Cross Street,....

1

300

15

9.15 a.m.

Government Offices, Lower Albert Road,.

200

""

28

1.85 a.m.

House No. 124, Jervois Street,

1

1

20,000

*

8

April

1

1.20 a.m.

House No. 14, Cross Street,................

1

4,000

3

12 30 a.m.

House No. 128, Queen's Road Central,

200

>>

9

11

2.24 a.m.

""

10

21

5.25 a.m.

""

11

21

10.15

"

p.m.

House No. 351, Queen's Road Central, House No. 99, Jervois Street, .....

On board S.S. Belgic,

૨૩

24,000

3,000

:

3,000

12

25

1.55 a.m.

""

13

May

1

7.40 p.m.

House No. 95, Winglok Street, ..... House No. 8, Cross Street,

5,000

700

14

20

1.45 a.m.

House No. 71, Jervois Street,

2

13,050

""

15 June

15

2.30 a.m.

House No. 114, Jervois Street,

34,000

16

July

23

10 p.m.

Hongkong Hotel, Queen's Road Central,.

300

17

27

11.55 p.m.

House No. 248, Queen's Road West,

300

18 August

4.15

p.m.

19

22

2.5 a.m.

20 September

4

21

18

"

22

19

"

23

November 24

11.35 p.m.

1.15 p.m.

7.15 a.m. House No. 49, Quarry Bay,

12.20 p.m.

House No. 5," Wild Dell,"

House No. 15, Praya, Fuk Tsun Heung,.. House No. 213, Queen's Road West, House No. 16, Tung Loi Street,

7,000

600

3

6,900

1

600

1

300

House No. 64, Third Street,.

1

1,200

24

24

99

25

28

7 p.m. 7.10 a.m.

House No. 53, Stanley Village, House No. 122, Second Street,

3,000

1

5,000

2,000

26 December 22

1.15 p.m.

H. M. Naval Yard,

177.150

TOTAL,....

No. DATE.

TIME.

FIRES DURING THE YEAR 1898.

SITUATION OF FIRE.

No. of

.BUILDINGS DESTROYED.

ESTIMATED

DAMAGE.

CAUSE.

Wholly. Partly.

1 Jan.

૨૦

22

28

3.55 p.m.

5 3.10 a.m.

2

26

,,

4.40 p.m.

3 Feb.

11

""

*

9.00 p.m.

House No. 21, Lyndhurst Terrace,.......... Government Asylum, Eastern Street, House No. 46, Praya Central, ....

House No. 125, Wanchai Road,

5

6

57

25 3.35 p.m.

March 12 12.40 a.m. 7 April 11 3.00 a.m.

10 11.10 p.m.

Matshed at British Kowloon,

House No. 2, Graham Street,.. House No. 288, Queen's Road West,...

House No. 295, Queen's Road West,.

REMARKS.

172

$ 500.00 Throwing of burning crack- Insured for $1,200 in the Union Insurance Coy.

ers.

150.00 Patient playing with fire.

1

1

200.00 | Unknown,

4,000.00 | Unknown,

1

Unknown Unknown,

$1,000.00 Unknown,

Insured for $1,700 with Messrs. Shewan, Tomes & Co.

Insured with the North British Fire Insurance for $30,000, with the Aachen & Munich Fire Insur- ance for $25,000 and in the South British Fire Insurance Office for $10,000.

The sheds were occupied as Barracks by men of the King's Own Lancaster Regiment. Several Sol- diers' Kits and their Arms, &c. were burnt. Not insured.

600.00 | Overheating of a quantity | Not insured.

of tobacco leaf near a

stove.

700.00 Overheating of medicine Insured for $1,000 in the Chun On Office.

leaves and branches over

a stove.

100.00 Overheating of a flue,

7,000.00 | Unknown,

200.00

Unknown,

11,628.74 Accident while boiling wax,

200.00 Spontaneous combustion,...

2,500.00 Unknown,

800.00 Unknown,

5,423.00 Burning of joss paper,

Insured with the North British Marine Insurance Coy. for $5,000. Messrs. Shewan Tomes & Co. are the Local Agents.

Insured with the North German Fire Insurance Coy, for $20,000.

Extinguished by Police.

Insured with Messrs. Reuter, Brockelmann & Co. for

$13,000.

Not insured.

Not insured.

Insured for $12,000 in the Hongkong Fire Insur- ance Coy.

In addition 14 huts were burnt.

::

:

:

:

8 May

9 June 1

7.05 p.m.

House No. 67, Praya Central,.

14

15

D 12 346

10 August 10

10

11 Sept. 10 12 Oct.

3.00 a.m.

2.00 p.m.

5.30 p.m.

House No. 22, Belchers Street,

Matshed at the Peak,

House No. 2, West Street,

~ :

1

7

2

13 Nov.

18

7.30 a.m.

House No. 76, Praya East, ·

1

Dec.

9

5.50 p.m.

House No. 56, Jardine's Bazaar,

1

1

12

""

6.15 p.m.

House No. 136, Queen's Road East,

1

1

16

13 10.00 a.m.

Hut at Shaukiwan,

1

TOTAL,..

$ 35,001.74

F. H. MAY, Superintendent of Fire Brigade.

No.

DATE.

TIME.

INCIPIENT FIRES DURING THE YEAR 1838.

SITUATION OF FIRE.

ESTIMATED

DAMAGE.

CAUSE.

REMARKS.

1 Jan.

2

4.00 a.m.

11.00 p.m.

77

11

2.00 p.m.

House No. 112, Third Street,

Praya East,

Aplichou,

$2

""

7

~COLA

11

8.20 p.m.

House No. 22, Ching On Lane,

97

19 2.30 a.m.

House No. 8, Ice House Lane,

"

20

9.20 p.m.

""

21

7.30 p.m.

>>

22

2.45 p.m.

House No. 43, Second Street,.

Shing Street.

House No. 217, Queen's Road East,

$2

A pile of timber on Reclamation Ground opposite Li

$10

""

9

""

23

7.40 p.m.

House No. 6, Sutherland Street,......

:

Do.,

Unknown,

Attempted arson,

Accidentally falling of a gas lamp post,... Combustion of gunpowder by friction,....

Carelessness while smoking,

Do.,

A bed curtain accidentally caught fire, Carelessness with fireworks,

A small quantity of firewood, match boxes and joss sticks soaked in kerosine oil were found on the staircase.

Extinguished by Police.

Two men sent to Government Civil Hospital suffer- ing from severe burns and one of them subse- quently died.

Extinguished by Police and occupants.

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.

10

25

1.00 p.m.

Hillside near Tytam Village,

11

28

4.00 p.m.

House No. 13, Shaukiwan East,

$2

12 Feb. 9

7.00 p.m.

House No. 39, Stanley Street,

13

10

""

3.00 p.m.

Hillside at Wong Ma Kok,

14

10

House No. 18, Wong Kok Tsui,..

$1

""

15

12

""

5.30 p.m.

16

13

1.00 pm.

Hillside between Wanchai Gap and Deep Water Bay, Hillside at Chung Hom Valley near Aberdeen Road,.

Do.,

"7

17

13

Hillside at Shek 0,

Do.,

""

19

20

* 287 8 maaasaa

18 March 9 11.30 p.m.

House No. 9, Tse Mi Lane

$7

Unknown,

19

230 a.m.

House No. 153, Queen's Road East,

22

8.50 p.m.

House No. 81, Praya West,

...

Accidental igniting of some firewood, Chimney on fire,

....

""

21 April

3

1.00 p.m.

House No. 59, First Street,.....

$10

22

10

9.20

p.m.

House No. 30, Bonham Strand West,

23

12

Hillside at Pokfulam,

Grass on fire,.....

""

21

20

Hillside at Aplichau,

25

22

""

9.25 p.m.

House No. 71, Jervois Street,..

Chimney on fire,

26 May

8

5.30 a.m.

Hongkong Hotel,....

$1,000

27

9.00 a.m.

House No. 133, Aberdeen Village,.

$8

Accidental,

28

14

""

4.30 p.m.

House No. 115, Wanchai Road,.

Do.,

29

30

""

18

18

11.30 p.m.

3.00 p.m.

A stack of grass at Shaukiwan,

$25

Carelessness while smoking,

House No. 101, Queen's Road West,.

Unknown, ......

Grass on fire,....

Upsetting of a cooking stove,.... Chimney on fire,

Grass on fire,.............

Accidental igniting of dry grass, Grass on fire,.........................

Hot cinders setting fire to beams and

rattans.

Chimney on fire,

Do.,

Extinguished by Police.

Extinguished by Police assisted by Coolies. A num- ber of fir trees were damaged.

Extinguished by Police.

Extinguished by inmates.

Extinguished by villagers.

Extinguished by Police and occupants.

Considerable damage was done to young trees. Extinguished by Police.

Extinguished by villagers. A number of young

trees were damaged.

Extinguished by Police and inmates.

Extinguished by inmates. Extinguished by Firemen. Extinguished by Police.

Extinguished by occupants.

About 2 acres of

grass burnt.

A number of pine trees were slightly scorched. Extinguished by Firemen.

Overheating of a flue set fire to the ceiling, Extinguished by Hotel staff.

Extinguished by Police with Manual Engine. Extinguished by inmates.

Extinguished by Firemen assisted by Villagers. Extinguished by Firemen.

173

No.

DATE.

TIME.

INCIPIENT FIRES DURING THE YEAR 1898,--Continued.

SITUATION OF FIRE.

ESTIMATED

DAMAGED.

CAUSE.

REMARKS.

174

31 June

26)

32

3

~~

7.15 p.m.

7

Between

P & O. Coy.'s Office, Praya Central, Drying Room at the Peak Hotel,

$200

Chimney on fire, Accidental,

5 and 6 a.m.

21 10.30 p.m.

Godown No. 166, Mong Kok Tsui,.

$125

34 July

1

3.30 p.m.

House No. 12, Cross Street,

35

16

2.30 a.m.

Drying Room at Mount Austin Barracks,..

$100

33

36 Aug.

8

House No. 42, D'Aguilar Street,

37

15

"Bellvue," Peak Road,.....

$4

Do.,

""

38

19 3.00 a.m.

House No. 18, Bank Buildings,.

$10

Overheating of the flue,

""

39 Sept. 20

9.00 p.m.

A Stack of Grass at Hunghom Road,

$35

Unknown,

40

41 Oct.

22

12.10 a.m.

11

1

3.15 p.m.

42

3

""

43

17

>>

7.15 p.m.

44

18

"}

45

20

??

46

24

"

4.00 p.m.

2.00 p.m.

47

48

""

49

1285

2+

29

9.00 p.m.

7.00 p.m. 31 12 midnight

House No. 64, Bonliam Strand, House No. 43, Stanley Street, House No. 7, Albany Street, House No. 58, Praya Central,. Hillside at Wong Ma Kok,....

Mount Davis,..

Above No. 3 Bridge, Pokfulam Road, House No. 3, Albany,

House No. 36, Cochrane Street,..

$5

Explosion of a kerosine lamp,.

Chimney on fire,

...

Overheating of a smokestack,

Accident with a kerosine lamp,

Grass on fire,...

...

50 Nov.

51

""

House No. 10, Chung Ching Street,

9 30 p.m.

House No. 6 George Lane,....

Hillside at Kai Lung Wan,

Do.,

Do.,

Chimney on fire,

Accidental,

52

12

""

53

""

54

""

55

">

50

57

58

""

59

29

20828 8 8 8

18

28 1.30 a.m.

28 7.40 p.m.

7.00 p.m.

4.50 p.m. 12 noon.

22 11.00 a.m.

60 Dec. 2

7.45 p.m.

2.30 p.m.

House No. 11, Peel Street,

House No. 9, Praya East,

Hillside at Deep Water Bay Valley, Hillside opposite the Aberdeen Cemetery,

Hillside at Sassoon's Valley, Pokfulam,..

House No. 117, Wellington Street,

House No. 20, Aberdeen Street,.....

House No. 46, Staunton Street,

Hillside South of the Old Military Barracks at Stanley.

:

:

:

:

Do.,

Grass on fire,...

Do.,

Overheating of a furnace,

Overheating of a flue set fire to the ceil- ing.

Falling of some coals out of the drying stove on the wooden floor.

Chimney on fire,

Extinguished by Police and occupants.

A quantity of clothing belonging to one of the visitors caught fire.

Put out by Firemen from Yaumati. Put out by inmates assisted by Police.

| Extinguished by the Military Authorities.

Extinguished by the occupants. Extinguished by Firemen.

Do.

Put out by Coolies with a Manual Engine from the Match Factory.

Extinguished by inmates and Police.

Do.

Soot in the flue of cookhouse caught fire,. Extinguished by Police and inmates.

Chimney on fire,

Do.,

Grass on fire,

Do.,

Extinguished by occupants and firemen.

Put out by Police and

occupants.

Extinguished by Police and Coolies.

Extinguished by Police, Forest Guards and Coolies.

Do.

Extinguished by the occupants.

Some oil baskets in the cookhouse caught fire. Put out by firemen and inmates.

A curtain caught fire.

About 200 square yards of grass was burnt and several trees damaged.

Extinguished by inmates and Police.

Put out by Godown Keepers.

A number of fir trees were scorched.

Do.

About 100 square yards of grass fired and several

trees damaged.

Joss sticks set fire to some books and Extinguished by inmates. paper.

Chimney on fire,

A mat and some board caught fire through a lighted joss stick falling on them.

:.

...

Grass on fire,.

....

Extinguished by Police.

Extinguished by occupants.

Extinguished by Police.

No. DATE.

TIME.

INCIPIENT FIRES DURING THE YEAR 1898,- Continued.

SITUATION OF FIRE.

ESTIMATED

DAMAGE.

CAUSE.

REMARKS.

61 Dec.

4 12.45 p.m.

2

6.05 p.m.

House No. 72, Bulkeley Street, Hunghom,

H. M. Naval Yard, Kowloon,

:

63

وو

9.15 p.m.

House No. 31, Graham Street,

64

1.45 a.m.

House No. 33, First Street,..

$3

77

65

9

1.30 p.m.

Hillside near Stanley Road above Wongneichung,

Joss sticks set fire to some woodwork, Grass on fire,.

...

""

66

11

House No. 16, Fat Hing Street,...

Overheating of a stove,

67

17

House No. 53, East Street,....

Chimney on fire,

"

68

19

6.30 p.m.

A stack of grass at Hunghom West opposite the

$350

Unknown,

Match Factory.

69

"7

70

22

>>

71

29

""

72

29

"}

73

30

AN 888

20 12.20 p.m.

House No. 201, Queen's Road West,..

Chimney on fire,

1.00 p.m.

Hillside at Kailung Wan,

House No. 162, Hollywood Road,

Hillside North of Mount Gough Road, Hillside near To Ti Wan,

...

Grass on fire,..

Unknown, Grass on fire,.

Do.,

$50

$50 Accident with a kerosine lamp, Spontaneous combustion,

Accident with a kerosine lamp,

Put out by Police and neighbours. Two of the occu- pants were severely burnt about the face and hands. Put out by the Naval Authorities assisted by the Fire Brigade.

Put out by Police and occupants.

Do.

Put out by Police and Coolies.

Extinguished by Police and occupants.

Do.

Extinguished by Firemen.

Do.

Put out by Police. About 300 square yards of grass burnt.

Put out by Police and occupants.

Extinguished by Police.

Extinguished by Police and hired coolies.

27

TOTAL,....

1,999

F. H. MAY,

Superintendent of Fire Brigade.

175

119

No.

4

99

HONGKONG.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF VICTORIA GAOL FOR THE YEAR 1898.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor.

No. 19

VICTORIA GAOL,

HONGKONG, 24th January, 1899.

SIR,-I have the honour to submit for the information of H.E. the Governor the following report on the Victoria Gaol for the year 1898.

The usual returns are appended.

2. The number of prisoners admitted to the Gaol during the past year under sentence of the rdinary Courts was 4,976, besides 69 soldiers and sailors sentenced by Courts Martial. There were 1 persons imprisoned for debt and 331 in default of finding security, making a total of 5,427. Of 3e, 760 were old offenders, including 13 juveniles who were merely sent to the Gaol to be whipped by order of the Magistrate, and were detained pending the infliction of the whipping, leaving a total of 747 old offenders who actually underwent imprisonment.

There were altogether 69 juveniles sent to the Gaol merely to be whipped and arrangements have now been made with the sanction of the Governor by which such juveniles are whipped imme- diately on reception in the outer court of the Gaol. They do not now enter the Gaol nor are they detained beyond the time actually necessary for whipping.

The corresponding numbers for the preceding year were respectively as follows:-

Convicted by the ordinary Courts 4,711, by Courts Martial 48, Debtors 54, in default of

finding security 263; total 5,076, including 606 old offenders.

3. The daily average number of prisoners confined in the Gaol during the year was 511, as com- pared with 462 for 1897.

4. The number of prisoners committed to the Gaol for offences not of a criminal nature was 1,837, made up as follows:-

Committed under the Prepared Opium Ordinance,............505

Market Ordinance,

Vehicle Ordinance,

....

Sanitary Bye-laws,

Harbour Regulations,

For Trespass,...

For Drunkenness,

For Disorderly Conduct, ....

....210

39

.286 ·

92

34

............158 .........513

5. The following table, which I insert for the first time, shows the number of prisoners who were committed to Gaol without the option of a fine, and in default of payment of fines.

The period of detention of those who paid their fines after reception in the Gaol was from one to three days.

Number of Prisoners admitted to Gaol during each of the last three years under sentence of imprisonment with and without the option of a fine, and the number of those who obtained their release by paying their fines after reception in Gaol.

Year.

Total.

Imprisonment with-

out the option of

Imprisonment in default of paying fine.

a fine.

Total.

Served the Imprisonment.

Paid fine after recep-

ception into Gaol.

1896,

5,582

2,029

3,553

1,928

1,425

1897,

......

5,076

1,968

3,108

1,697

1,411

1898,

5,427

1,852

3,575

1,815

1,760

120

With a view to decreasing the number of prisoners confined in Gaol in default of payment of fines, I have suggested legislation such as has recently been introduced at home, allowing part pay- ment of a fine to be equivalent to serving a proportionate part of the sentence of imprisonment in default.

6. There were 4,038 reports made by Prison Officers against prisoners for offences against Prison discipline, as compared with 2,619 reports for the previous year.

A proportion of the increase is directly due to the increased population of the Gaol in 1898, and I attribute the remainder of the increased reports to the following conditions which rendered difficult the enforcement of strict discipline:

(a) The location of a larger number of prisoners in Association while the work of sub-divid-

ing the cells, which is referred to in paragraph S, was in progress.

(6) The interruption of the regular routine of labour by this and other structural improve-

ments on a large scale that have been carried out during the year.

1837

(c) The numerous changes in the Indian Gaol staff to which I have adverted in C.S.O. 647

Discipline cannot be maintained by inexperienced officers.

I give below the number of reports for offences against prison discipline for each of the last three years, and the average number of reports per unit of the Gaol population

Year.

Daily Average Population.

1896,

514

1897,

462

1898,

511

for Offences against

Number of Reports

Prison Discipline.

3,884

2,619

4,038

:-

Average Number of Reports per Prisoner.

7.55

5.66

7.90

7. The returns which are appended show a considerable increase in assaults on each other, on Prison Officers, by prisoners, and in the offence of having tobacco.

The number of cases of assault on Prison Officers was two, which is below the average.

The number of assaults by prisoners on each other shows a large increase. The assaults were, however, with one exception, of a trivial nature, and arose out of petty disputes between prisoners engaged together on unaccustomed work in connection with the structural alterations in, and additions to, the Gaol.

The increase in the offence of having tobacco is due to the fact that, at various periods during the year, there were a certain number of free men engaged on work in the Gaol.

8. The following improvements, referred to in paragraph 16 of my Report for 1897, have been completed during the year under review almost entirely by prison labour at what must be regarded as the small cost of $15,000 :-

(a) On the site of D wing, a large two-storied workshop has been erected, the upper floor of

which is used as a printing shop while the ground floor is devoted to mat making.

The workshop was much needed, and has rendered possible a useful extension of industrial labour.

(b) The sub-division of Association cells into separate cells has been completed. There are now 427 separate cells in the Gaol, and 26 Association cells, giving accommodation for 453 prisoners in separate confinement, and for 104 extra prisoners by placing 5 prisoners in each Association cell, or a total of 557 prisoners.

(c) The Officers' quarters inside the Gaol have been converted into a commodious hospital, and offices for the Chief Warder and Clerks, but the hospital is still occupied by the Indian Staff pending the building of quarters for them outside the Gaol.

(d) What was formerly the Chief Warder's and Clerks' offices, has been turned into a

reception room with cells attached.

(e) The old hospital, which is above the female Prison, has been prepared for the reception of female prisoners as an extension to the existing female Prison. It is, however, still occupied by male prisoners pending the removal of the hospital to the new accommo- dation provided for it.

121

(f) Certain alterations in the yards round A and B halls (the Gaol extension) have been made to prevent escapes, and a useful addition to the yard space between the two halls has been contrived.

9. The following improvements are being now effected by Prison labour, having been undertaken before the end of the year :-

In the Lower East Yard the ramp is being entirely removed affording a site for a new and enlarged laundry, which it is proposed to build, and additional yard space for the laundry work, while the old laundry will be converted into a shed for general labour. When the above work has been completed, it is proposed to demolish B wing and to erect in its place a new hall. B wing contains 15 Association cells and 2 separate cells. The new Ward would contain 76 separate cells, and, being much more compact, would enable an increase in space in the Upper Yard. It is also proposed to cover in the centre of the Upper Yard as a protection against sun and rain in summer time. With the erection of the proposed new Ward, the Gaol would contain 501 separate cells and 11 Association cells, the latter being capable of accommodating 55 prisoners, or a total of 556.

The Gaol could then be conducted almost entirely on the separate system.

10. The fact that the capacity of the Gaol accommodation does not exceed 557 prisoners is one that should not be lost sight of, and when it is remembered that it is necessary to have space accom- modation in the Gaol to meet the demands of any emergency, it is evident that with a rapidly growing population and the acquisition of new territory, the question of increasing the Gaol accommodation for the Colony is one that already demands the attention of Government.

11. During the year one Chinese prisoner succeeded in escaping, and two others attempted to escape, but were re-captured by Prison officers, by scaling the boundary wall of the Gaol extension.

Structural additions have now been made which will render escapes from the same locality very

difficult.

12. The profits on industrial labour amounted to $6,204.19, as compared with $2,620.08 in the preceding year. The balance sheets of each industry are shown in enclosure E. The increase is prin- cipally due to the extension of the Printing Department which now executes the job printing required by the Government and the Military Authorities.

13. I append a table shewing the daily average number of prisoners engaged on non-productive labour, on productive labour and in Gaol services, and of the value of the labour of the prisoners in the two latter categories.

14. A statement of the casualties that occurred in the Gaol Staff during the year is annexed. The large number of resignations in the Indian Staff was due to the men throwing up their appointment to seek more lucrative employment elsewhere.

Vacancies in the European Staff have, with one exception, that of a Hospital Warder, been filled by local candidates drawn from the Army. Some promising officers have been thus acquired.

15. The year has been an exceptionally busy one in the Gaol, and the large works referred to in paragraph 8, carried out as they were, simultaneously with a high daily average, and at times excessive number of prisoners-the daily average in July was 559 and on two occasions during that month the number reached 589-entailed a great deal of new and unaccustomed work on the officers.

Credit is due to all for their share in the labour, but the services rendered by the Chief Warder

in immediately directing and supervising the work deserves special notice.

Mr. CRAIG assisted me with many valuable suggestions in connection with the various works, and to his technical knowledge and unfailing industry and resource is largely due the successful accom- plishment of an undertaking of no small magnitude.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your obedient Servant,

The Honourable

THE ACTING COLONIAL SECRETARY.

F. H. MAY,

Superintendent.

122

(A.)

VICTORIA GAOL.

Return of Reports for talking, idling, short oakum picking, &c., in the years 1895, 1896, 1897, and 1898.

MONTH.

1895. Daily average number in Prison, 472.

1896. Daily average number

in Prison, 514.

1897.

1898.

Daily average number | Daily average number

in Prison, 462.

in Prison, 510.

January, February, March,

• ..

April,.

May,

June,

July,

August,

September,

October,.

November,

December,

-

301

214

200

170

314

209

161

113

223

249

147

165

236

257

154

213

295

270

191

223

311

261

166

241

447

191

142

282

374

192

159

331

346

213

132

274

309

174

160

227

273

174

151

131

225

188

140

100

Total,

3,654

2,592

1,903

2,470

(B.)

Return of Offences reported of Prisoners fighting with or assaulting each other, or officers, for the years 1895, 1896, 1897, and 1898.

January, February, March, April,

·

...

May,

June,

MONTH.

1895.

1896.

1897.

Daily average number Daily average number Daily average number

in Prison, 472.

in Prison,

in Prison, 462.

Nil. 5

10 00

3

12

414

:245+2~::

H69203 co

514.

1898. Daily average number in Prison, 510.

1

6

9

4

1

4

3

2

12

4

1

8

2

• •

10

3

8

∞ HA NANHand

1

6

6

4

3

2

9

4

7

1

5

3

Total,

69

28

34

66

July, August, September, October,. November,. December,

....

(C.)

Return of Offences of Prisoners having Tobacco for the years 1895, 1896, 1897, and 1898.

MONTH.

1896.

1897.

1898.

1895. Daily average number Daily average number Daily average number Daily average number

in Prison, 472.

in Prison, 514.

in Prison, 462.

in Prison, 510.

کار اپنے

January, February, March,

April, May, June,

...

18

15

11

2

1

17

3

11

July,

3

August,

6

September,

20

...

October,....

15

November, December,

4

....

3

* p p p 2 LOGO CO GO ŁD

4

1

1

1

2

5

6

6

8

5

OI347~~OI=~~

0

1

2

1

1

2

2

COCO 4 Q1 20 00 2~ pat pat

4

3

4

6

2

7

3

3

7

1

1

Total,

126

42

30

45

A

(D.)

Comparative Return of Prisoners confined in Victoria Gaol on the 31st December, for the

CONVICTION.

1895.

1895, 1896, 1897, and 1898.

1896.

1897.

years

1898.

1st,

340

444

321

363

2nd,

54

60

56

52

3rd,

21

23

27

28

4th,

20

10

5th,

24

11

6th,

4

7

7th,

2

8th,

4

9th,

1

1

47322-2

4522

9

15

15

7

2

1

1

10tb,

11th,

12th,

13th,

D

16th,

.

Dr.

Total,

472

568

430

486

(E.)

Abstract of Industrial Labour, Victoria Gaol, for the year 1898.

OAKUM.

123

Cr.

1898.

To Stock on hand, 1st January, 1898, . $ 871.00

1899.

By Oakum sold during the year,

....

$2,453.06

91

Cost of Paper Stuff purchased

>>

during the year,

916.00

Stock on hand, 31st December,

1898, ...

527.60

Profit,

1,193.66

Total,........$ 2,980.66

Total,........$ 2,980.66

COIR.

1898.

""

To Stock on hand, 1st January, 1898,. $ 500.20 1898.

Cost of Material purchased during

"

the year,

924.70

Stock on hand, 31st December,

1898, ..

By Matting, &c., sold during the year, $ 1,129.14

Articles made for Gaol use,.

50.90

1,004.57

Profit,.

759.71

Total,..

2,184.61

Total,.

2,184.61

NET-MAKING.

.1898.

34

To Stock on hand, 1st January, 1898, . $ Cost of Material purchased during

1.90

1898.

the year,.

28.48

Profit,

43.69

Total,.......$

74.07

By Nets and Nettings sold and re-

""

paired,

Stock on hand, 31st December,

1898,

69

74.07

Total,..

$

74.07

124

TAILORING.

By Articles sold and repaired,

Work done for Gaol,..

Stock on hand, 31st December,

1898,

1898.

"

To Stock on hand, 1st January, 1898,.$ Cost of Material purchased during

2.28

1898.

""

the

year,.

1,791.75

Profit,.........

95.62

Total,... .$

1,889.65

PRINTING.

1898.

""

Cost of Material purchased during

the year,.

Profit,..

To Stock on hand, 1st January, 1898,. $

0.20 1898.

328.40

2,787.35

Total,

....

$

3,115.95

$

102.45 1,707.34

79.86

Total,.

..$

1,889.65

By Printing done for outside,.

Printing done for Government, Stock on hand, 31st December,

1898,

"

$

16.35

3,099.60

Total,..... .$ 3,115.95

By Book-binding and repairing done

for outside,.

Book-binding, and repairing done

22

for Government,

Stock on hand, 31st December,

1898,

BOOK-BINDING.

1898.

To Stock on hand, 1st January, 1898,. $ Cost of Material purchased during

the year,

4.80

114.44

1898.

Profit,,

62.92

Total,..... .$

182.16

$

10.55

171.61

Total,.

.$

182.16

WASHING.

1898.

"

To Stock on hand, 1st January, 1898,. $ 17.00

Cost of Material purchased during

1898.

the year,.

600.21

"9

Profit,..

1,017.71

"

1 cent per piece,

By Washing done for which cash was

received,.

Washing done for Prison Officers

at 1 cent per piece,

Washing Prisoner's Clothing at

408.29

1,206.83

.....

19.80

Stock on hand, 31st December,

1898,

Total,..

....

1,634.92

Total,..... $

1,634.92

..

By Articles sold during the year,

Articles made for Gaol use,

Stock on hand, 31st December,

1898,

RATTAN.

1898. To Stock on hand, 1st January, 1898,. $

"

Cost of Material purchased during

the year,

6.05 1898.

""

16.20

"

12.32

Profit,

Total,..

.$

34.57

TIN-SMITHING.

27.60

1.50

5.47

Total,

$

34.57

1898.

"

To Stock on hand, 1st January, 1898,. Cost of Material purchased during

9.05

1898.

By Work done for outside,

$

Work done for Gaol,..

"

the year,.

62.02

Stock on hand, 31st December,

1898,

0.30

81.83

27.25

Profit,...

38.31

Total,........$

109.38

Total,.........$

109.38

CARPENTERING.

125

1898.

To stock on hand, 1st January, 1898,. $

6.56

1898.

By Articles sold and repaired during

39

Cost of Material purchased during

the year,.

Profit,...

the year,

$

32.37

114.26

Work done for Gaol,...

242.49

"

Stock on hand, 31st December,

38.86

"

192.90

1898,

Total,

..$

313.72

RECAPITULATION.

Total,..

*A

313.72

$1,193.66

1898.

By Surplus,

$ 6,204.19

759.71

43.69

95.62

1898.

Oakum, Coir,

Net-making,

Tailoring,

Printing,

Book-binding,

Washing,

Rattan Work,

Tin-Smithing,

Carpentering,

2,787.35

62.92

1,017.71

12.32

38.31

192.90

Total,........$

6,204.19

Total,..

Return showing the employment of prisoners and the value of their earnings.

Description of employment.

Non-productive,-

Crank labour, shot and stone, debtors, re-

mands, sick and under punishment, .....

In Manufactures,-

Book-binding,

Printing,

Knitting,..

Oakum picking,

Tin-smithing,

Coir Mat Making,

Grass Mat Making,

Twine Making,

Shoe-making,

Tailoring,

Rattan Work,....

In Building,-

Bricklaying,

Carpentering,

Painting,

Miscellaneous Labour,

In service of the Prison,-

Laundry,

Cooking,

Cleaning,

White-washing,

$

6,204.19

Daily average number of prisoners.

Value of Prison Labour.

Total.

Males. Females.

Total.

$

C.

$

C.

139

139

6

24

6

4

:0

10

30

ཿཨྠ * ས

6

24

256.50 1,026.00

10

142.00

100

570.00

4

114.00

855.00

6

51.00

4

34.00

2

85.00

10

18

769.00

1

28.50

3,931.00

2242

26

12

62

26

12

62

2242

1,111.50

547.20 114.00

1,767.00

3,539.70

22

10

18

20+

t-

7

29

1,239.75

10

365.00

N

20

730.00

4

114.00

2,448.75

33333

511

Total,.........$

9,919.45

Totals,............. .$ 478

126

Table showing the number of Casualties in the Gaol Staff during the Year 1898.

Establishment. Joined. from other

Volun-

Transferred

Departments.

Resigned | Resigned | Services

tarily.

through dispensed Sickness. with.

Transferred. to other Departments.

Total num-

Dismissed.

ber of Casualties.

Europeans,

Indians,

29

8

1

1

1

2

9

44

23

2

23

1

27

The above Table does not include-The Superintendent.

Chief Warder.

Clerical Staff.

Servants.

T

221

No. 11

99

HONGKONG.

HARBOUR MASTER'S REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1898.

Laid before the Legislative Council by Command of His Excellency the Governor.

No. 81.

HARBOUR DEpartment, HONGKONG, 22nd February, 1899.

SIR, I have the honour to forward the Annual Report for this Department for the year ending 31st December, 1898.

I. Number, Tonnage, Crews, and Cargoes of Vessels entered. II. Number, Tonnage, Crews, and Cargoes of Vessels cleared.

III. Number, Tonnage, Crews, and Cargoes of Vessels entered at each Port.

IV. Number, Tonnage, Crews, and Cargoes of Vessels cleared at each Port.

V. Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each Nation entered. VI. Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each Nation cleared. VII. Junks entered from China and Macao.

VIII. Junks cleared for China and Macao.

IX. Total Number of Junks entered at each Port.

X. Total Number of Juuks cleared at each Port..

XI. Junks (Local trade) entered.

XII. Junks (Local trade) cleared.

XIII. Summary of Arrivals and Departures of all Vessels.

XIV. Licensed Steam Launches entered and cleared.

XV. Vessels registered.

XVI. Vessels struck off the Register.

XVII. Chinese Passenger Ships cleared by the Emigration Officer (Summary).

XVIII. Vessels bringing Chinese Passengers to Hongkong from places out of China (Summary).

XIX. Marine Magistrate's Court.

XX. Diagram of Tonnage of Vessels entered.

XXI. Statement of Revenue Collected.

XXII. Return of work performed by the Government Marine Surveyor.

XXIII. Return from Imports and Exports (Opium) Office.

SHIPPING.

1. The total tonnage entering and clearing amounted to 17,265,780 tons, being an increase com- pared with 1897 of 1,327,606 tons, and over three-quarters of a million tons more than in any pre- vious year.

There were 39,815 arrivals of 8,648,274 tons, and 39,814 departures of 8,617,506 tons.

Of British ocean-going tonnage 2,597,342 tons entered, and 2,580,187 tons cleared.

Of River Steamers (British) 1,765,495 tons entered, and 1,762,624 tons cleared, making a grand total of British tonnage of 8,705,648 tons entering and clearing.

Of Foreign ocean-going tonnage 2,273,871 tons entered, and 2,267,289 tons cleared.

Of Foreign River Steamers 2,994 tons entered, and 2,931 tons cleared, making a grand total of Foreign tonnage of 4,547,085 tons entering and clearing.

1

222

Of Junks in Foreign trade 1,814,218 tons entered, and 1,812,470 tons cleared. Of Junks in Local trade 194,291 tons entered and 192,002 tons cleared.

British Ocean-going tonnage therefore represented 29.9 %.

River

"}

Foreign Ocean-going

River

Junk tonnage (Foreign trade)

""

(Local trade)

20.4%.

29

"}

26.3%.

""

.03%.

""

;}

99

21.0%.

2.2%.

2. 5,313 Steamers, 226 sailing vessels, and 29,466 junks in Foreign trade, entered during the year, giving a daily average of 96 vessels as against 93 in 1897.

For European-constructed vessels the average daily entry would be 15.17 as against 13.63 in 1897, and of the steamers arriving 68.12 per cent. were British.

3. A comparison between the years 1897-1898 is shown in the following Table :--

Comparative Shipping Return for the Years 1897 and 1898.

1897.

1898.

INCREASE.

DECREASE.

British,. Foreign,

Ships. Tonnage. Ships. Tonnage. Ships. Tonnage. Ships. Tonnage.

6,783 8.268,766 7,456 8,705,648 673 436,882 3,161 3,855,833 3,602 4,547,085 441 681,252

Junks in Foreign 57,803 3,441,295 58,936 3,626,754 1.131 185,459

Trade,

Total,...... 67,747 15,565,894 69,994 | 16,879,487 2,247 1,313,593

Junks in Local

Trade,

.......

9,546

372,280 9,635 386,293 $9 14,013

Grand Total,... 77,293 | 15,938,174 79,629 17,265,780 2,336 |1,327,606|

:

:

NETT,...

2,336 1,327,606

* Including 18,968 Conservancy and Dust Boats measuring 401,274 tons. † Including 18,700 Conservancy and Dust Boats measuring 409,840 tons.

4. For vessels under the British flag this table shows a large numerical increase, but a com- paratively small tonnage increase (673 vessels of 436,882 tons). This is accounted for by an increase in small steamers running to Macao and Canton and the West River Ports, amounting to 759 vessels "in and out" measuring 143,398 registered tons, and at the same time a decrease in lorchas on the same route of 257 vessels of 12,896 tons, the balance, viz., 502 vessels of 130,502 tons, represents the increase in the River trade and this, being deducted from the figures given above, leaves a total exclusively in favour of ocean-going traffic under the British flag of 171 vessels in and out, aggregating 306,380 tons, or an average of about 1,800 tons per vessel.

""

For vessels under. Foreign flags there is a substantial increase over 1897 (441 vessels measuring 681,252 registered tons), of this, two West River steamers represent 91 vessels and 5,925 tons, and the lorchas take another 1,121 tons.. Taking these two items into account, a balance is found in favour of ocean-going traffic under Foreign flags, of 359 vessels representing 674,206 registered tons. Of this balance the vessels under the Japanese flag contributed the largest share by 177 vessels measuring 406,179 tons about one-half of which, or 52 vessels of 196,968 tous, goes to the credit of the Nippon Yusen Kaisha" (European line) and 25,426 tons to the three new Pacific Liners, the balance of increase under this flag was made up by outside steamers attracted by the enhanced freights on coal and rice in the first half of the year.

66

Next in order come vessels under the German flag; after deducting the lorcha trade which has dropped out altogether, and those old friends who have left us, we still have an increase over 1897 of 39 vessels of 144,889 tons. The new steamers of the Hamburg-American Line are the chief contributors to this increase, the first of these steamers arrived here in March and at the end of the year they are credited with 34 vessels "in and out" representing 116,670 tons. Nine new ships under this flag also called here during the year representing in the aggregate "in and out" 25 vessels and 22,044 tons, in these last were comprised 3 coal hulks en route for Kiaochow and 3 cruisers for the Chinese Government.

The Norwegian flag shows an increase of 125 vessels of 88,899 tons, made up chiefly by 11 new steamers and the return to these waters of some of the older vessels which were away in 1897.

223

The American flag contributes to the increase 30,778 tons, chiefly owing to the chartered transports which called here after the fall of Manila, and to the adoption by the Northern Pacific Co. of American nationality.

Danish colours give an increase of 15,641 tons, due to the ships of the East Asiatic Co. which called here first in May and continued during the year.

The Chinese flag showed an increase of 12,159 tons.

The Swedish flag deserted us during the year, taking about 24,000 tons, and other nationalities call for no special remarks.

+

5. The actual number of ships of European construction-exclusive of River steamers--which entered the Port in 1898 was 556, being 239 British and 317 Foreign, these entered in the aggregate 3,564 times giving a total tonnage of 4,871,213 tons; in 1897 the ships numbered 592 and the entries 3,427; in 1896 the ships were 579 and the entries 3,285; the total tonnage in 1896 was 4,487,767 and in 1897 it was 4,369,563. The feature in 1898 is that fewer ships made more frequent returns and gave a large increase in tonnage.

STEAMERS.

Ships.

No. of times entered.

Total Tonnage.

Flag.

1897. 1898. | 1897. 1898. 1897.

1898.

British,

281

2031,6051,690 | 2,390,078

2,545,055

Belgian,

1

1

2,174

American,

4

11

21

19 37,886

39,793

Austrian,

10

9

27

25

66,594

66,159

Chinese,

14

21

198

211

255,619

262,613

Danish,

5

7

72

68

35,112

43,045

Dutch,

1

5

4

6

3,288

8,839

French,

19

20

144

157

169,547

175,227

German,

80

87

669

695

805,694

881,094

Hawaiian,...

2

2

3

5

7,100

11,696

Italian,

3

2

13

13

18,913

18.995

Japanese,

51

60

152

240

299,658

502,618

Norwegian,

28

36

142

204

144,175

188,213

Russian,

1

5

1

14,585

3,427

Spanish,

3

3

4

3

2,166

1,200

Swedish,

1

:

12

11,868

Total,......

506

468 3,071 3,338 4,262,283 4,750,148

SAILING VESSELS.

Ships.

No. of times entered.

Total Tonnage.

Flag.

1897. 1898. 1897. 1898. 1897.

1898.

British,...

39

36

240 115

American,

30

32

93

50

48,996 38,981

52,287

44,233

Danish,.

1

1

1

1

586

382

French,..

1

1

1

1,235

1,114

German,

9

10

13

51

12,961

16,918

Hawaiian.

1

2

2

1,156

2,159

Italian,

1

794

794

Norwegian,

3

2,398

Russian,

1

471

Siamese,

1

Spanish, Swedish,

1

....

1

321

1,621 600 350

309

Total,............ 86

88

356 226

107,280

121,065

224

6. The 239 British ships carried 2,401 British officers and 44 foreigners as follows:--

British, Germans,

Americans,

Danes,..

Swedes,

Austrian,...

Portuguese,

Norwegians, Pole,

·

Total,...

..2,401

8

19

3

4

I

4

4

1

2,445

The proportion of Foreigners was therefore 1.8% comprising 8 nationalities, a decrease of .2%, with fewer ships.

The 317 Foreign ships carried 2,068 officers, of whom 235 were British, as follows :—~

Japanese,

Chinese,

French,

Dutch,

American, Hawaiian,

....

Total,.....

..119

95

10

8

2

1

.235

The proportion of Britishers in foreign vessels was therefore 11.3%, distributed under six different heads, an increase on 1897 of .5%, with an increase of 44 foreign ships (or 13.8%). Chinese vessels carrying 4% as against about 3% in 1897.

Of the crews of the British vessels-

19.3% were Britishers.

1.0% 79.7%

""

other Europeans. Asiatics.

"

Of the crews of Foreign vessels-

2.0% were Britishers. 26.6% other Europeans.

17

71.4%

Asiatics.

"J

Taking the total of entries and departures, the average crew of British ships was 57, of which 20% were Europeans, and for Foreign ships 47, of which 28.6% were Europeans.

TRADE.

7. The year 1898 was marked by a large deal in rice and coal and by the introduction of the trade in Bulk Oil from Langkat (Sumatra).

A demand for rice in Japan created a market which was largely availed of, and the returns for the first half of the year show that 469,000 tons were reported by ships entering, which was over 100,000 tons more than during the whole of 1897, and of which the bulk was en route for Japan. The import continued in a lessened degree during the second half and at the end of the year 747,000 tons had been reported, being more than double what it was in 1897.

Coal in the first half year showed an increase of 120,000 tons and by the end of the year 817,967 tons had been reported as arriving, being an increase over 1897 of about 36%.

Bulk oil, which made a large stride in the first half year, fell off in the second half, but the year shows an increase of 19,580 tons. Case oil was practically the same as in 1897. Sugar and flour show a considerable increase, and the Import Return closes with a nett increase over 1897 of 645,428 tons of cargo reported.

In exports, a nett increase of 552,072 tons of European-constructed shipping reported an increase of 137,979 tons of cargo.

The transit return gives an incresse of 167,860 tons.

There can be no necessity for me to again refer to the fact that we are entirely dependent for the above figures on gratuitous information compiled together without any special staff or machinery.

8. Using the classification adopted in previous years we find that the total import trade of 1898 was represented by 35,005 vessels aggregating 8,453,983 tons, carrying 5,958,465 tons of cargo, of which 3,938,143 tons were discharged in Hongkong.

COUNTRY.

225

CARGO.

SHIPS.

TONS.

Discharged.

In Transit.

CLASS I.

Canada,

Cape of Good Hope,

Continent of Europe,

17

50,253

12,726

1

1,699

115

278,711

84,570

323,328

Great Britain,

Mauritius,

Sandwich Islands,

South America,...

171

416,377

233,528

486,737

1

985

600

2

2,667

1,900

2

1,463

961

United States,

124

270,204

188,173

103,373

433

1,022,359

522,458

913,438

CLASS II.

Australia and New Zealand,

51

69,533

42,791

28,603

India and Straits Settlements,

217

393,481

215,368

179,179

Japan,

506

911,844

771,618

312,783

Java and Indian Archipelago,....

111

152,986

260,159

18,012

North and South Pacific,......

3

1,614

70

Russia in Asia,

11

14,601

1,640

160

899

1,544,059

1,371,646

538,737

CLASS III.

1:

North Borneo,

18

19,242

23,340

Coast of China,....

1,204

1,356,597

189,236

426,201

Cochin-China,

Formosa,.

226

245,956

344,610

74,505

112

83,436

27,535

2,655

Kiauchow,

1

1,001

Philippine Islands,

163

··

169,526

145,089

11,384

Hainan and Gulf of Tonquin,

291

209,541

258,428

36,400

Siam,

210

214,404

339,378

16,999

Weihaiwei,

1

2,047

2,000

Macao,

6

3,045

2,232

2,304,795

1,329,616

568,147

CLASS IV.

B

River Steamers,-Canton, Macao and West River,

1,975 1,768,489

164,769

29,466 1,814,281

519,654

TOTAL,...

35,005 8,453,983

3,938,143

2,020,322

CLASS V.

Junks in Foreign Trade,

226

Similarly, the export trade of 1898 was represented by 34,989 vessels, aggregating 8,425,504 tons, carrying 3,006,474 tons of cargo, and shipping 493,651 tons of bunker Coal.

COUNTRY.

CARGO.

SHIPS.

TONS.

Shipped.

Bunker Coal.

CLASS I.

Canada,

21

54,759

18,513

900

Cape of Good Hope,

1.

1,474

900

Continent of Europe,

101

264,739

74,376

Great Britain,

75

208,336

65,647

19,985 2,840

Mauritius,

1

1,553

900

South America,.

6

5,293

5,366

United States,

75

148,525

210,470

1,263

280

684,679

376,172

24,988

CLASS II.

Australia and New Zealand,

39

58,603

37,700

3,150

Corea,

1

783

1,300

220

India and Straits Settlements, Japan, ....

205

370,799

264,639

48,226

511

937,325

551,042

65,484

Java and Indian Archipelago,.

54

88,073

14,250

17,150

North and South Pacific,..

6

2,342

1,100

160

Russia in Asia,

13

14,350

22,550

1,665

829

1,472,274

892,581

136,055

CLASS III.

North Borneo,

Coast of China,..

Cochin-China,

Formosa,

Kiaochow,

Kwanchauwan,

Philippine Islands,

Hainan and Gulf of Tonquin,

Siam,

Weihaiwei,

Macao,.

21

1,511

22,841 1,768,769

3,715

5,750

490,608

143,344

239

284,392

59,653

48,160

28

24,068

52,663

3,460

8

10,747

2,451

1,700

Ι

100

148

36

147

152,395

64,843

36,336

326

247,707

108,601

35,657

138

149,152

47,112

30,141

4

7,012

5,600

1,290

17

23,340

5,920

812

2,440

2,690,523

841,314

306,686

CLASS IV.

River Steamers,-Canton, Macao and West River,

CLASS V.

Junks in Foreign Trade,

TOTAL,..........

1,970

1,765,555

131,127

25,922

29,470

1,812,473

765,280

34,989 8,425,504

3,006,474

493,651

Comparing the above with 1897 we get the gratifying result that in 1898 the Import trade of the Colony was increased from all parts of the world, and that this increase amounted in the aggregate to 659,833 tons of cargo discharged. Further, we find that, during the same period and by the same means, others were benefitted also, for the cargo in transit was advanced by 167,860 tons.

In Exports generally there was an increase of 1,205 ships and 229,151 tons of cargo.

9. During the year 11,058 vessels of European construction, aggregating 13,252,733 registered tons, carried 8,143,656 tons of cargo made up as follows:-

Import cargo

""

Export

Transit

""

Bunker Coal shipped

.3,388,489

.2,241,194

.2,020,322

493,651

8,143,656

L

227

The total number of tons carried was therefore 61% of the total registered tonnage, or 80% exclusive of River steamers, and was apportioned as follows:-

Imports,-

British Ships, Foreign do.,

Exports,-

British Ships, Foreign do.,

Transit,-

British Ships, Foreign do.,

Bunker Coal,-

British Ships,

Foreign do.,

.1,939,956

.1,448,533

3,388,489

.1,196,521

.1,044,673

2,241,194

..

1,189,460

830,862

2,020,322

280,473

213,178

493,651

Total,.

..8,143,656

Trade of the Port of Hongkong for the Year ending 31st December, 1898.

TONS.

No. of Ships.

Discharged.

Shipped.

In Transit.

Bunker Coal Shipped.

Total.

Registered Tonnage.

Passengers Carried.

130,176 Arr.

92,296 Dep.

British,

3,602 a1,779,675 61,071,162

1,189,460

255,017 4,295,314

5,177,529

17,278 Em.

269,750

65,802 Arr. 49.511 Dep.

Foreign,

3,511

1,141,045 a1,038,905

830,862

212,712

3,526,521

4,541,160

13,154 Em.

128,467

River Steamers (British),

3,854

@160,281

125,359

25,456

311,096

3,528,119

578,891 Arr. 565,554 Dep.

1,144,445

121 Arr.

Do.

(Foreign),.......

91

4,488

5,768

466

10,722

5,925

73 Dep.

194

Total,......... 11,058 €3,388,489 2,241,194 2,020,322

493,651 8,143,656

13,252,733

774,990 Arr. 707,434 Dep. 60,432 Em,

1,542,856

Junks in Foreign Trade,

g58,936 7549,654 2765,280

1,314,934

93,626,751

120,795 Arr. 121,749 Dep.

245.541

895,785 Arr.

$32,183 Dep.

Total,.........

69,994 3,938,143 3,006,474 2,020,322

493,651

9,458,590 16,879,487

60,432 Em.

1,788,400

Junks in Local Trade,

9,635

j139,597

8,789

148,386

386,293

4,114 Arr. 3,577 Dep.

7,691

899,899 Arr. 835,760 Dep.

Grand Total,...... 79,629

4,077,740 3,015,263

2,020,322

493,651

9,606,976

17,265,780

60,432 Em.

1,796,091

a 2,150 tons of liquid Fuel.

99

b 23,109 of case Kerosine.

6,600 of bulk

5,609 tons of Tea.

e

**

**

c 43,217

99

"

of case Kerosine. 5,930 of bulk d 5,609

""

32

$1

2,150 of liquid Fuel. ƒ 66,326 of case Kerosine.

12,530 259,206

Including Conservancy and Dust Boats 18,700, tons 409,840. Tea 2,338 tons.

Kerosine 23.931 tons and 11 cases.

of bulk

Rice and Paddy 284,747 tons.

12

of Rice.

j Earth and Stones 134,658 tons,

of Tea,

228

IMPORTS.

EUROPEAN-CONSTRUCTED VESSELS.

؟

1897.

1898.

Increase.

Decrease.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

No.

Tonnage.

Steamers,

River Steamers,

Sailing Vessels,

3,071 4,262,283 3,338

1,547 1,694,077 1,975

356

107,280

4,750,148

267

487,865

1,768,489

428

74,412

226 121,065

13,785

130

Total,..

4,974 6,063,640

5,539 6,639,702

695

576,062

130

Nett,...........

565

576,062

Imported tons,......

2,743,061

3,388,489

Beans,

Bones,

Coal,

As follows:-

Cotton Yarn and Cotton,

Flour,.....

Hemp,

Kerosine (bulk),

Do.

(case),

Lead,

Liquid Fuel,

Opium,

Pitch,

Rattan,

Rice,

Sandalwood,

Sulphur,

Sugar,

Tea, Timber, - General,..

Articles.

1897.

1898.

Increase.

Decrease.

11,092 500

601,544

817,967

11,092 500 216,423

30,581

36,611

6,030

85,904

103,544

17,640

43,360

55,160

11,800

47,782

67,362

19,580

60,346

59,115

1,231

5,496

4,200

1,296

2,150

2,150

2,531

2,638

107

1,700

...

1,700

2,920

6,441

3,521

361,130

747,395

386,265

3,459 2,040

2,055 535

1,404

1,505

211,777

267,422

5,929

6,554

55,645 625

...

64,862

46,599

1,211,700

1,151,149

18,263 60,551

Total........

Transit,

2,743,061

3,388,489

731,378

85,950

1,852,462

2,020,322

167,860

Grand Total,....................................... 4,595,523

5,408,81'1

899,238

Nett,.........

813,288

229

EXPORTS.

1897.

1898.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Tonnage.

No.

Tonnage.

No.

Tonnage.

No. Tonnage.

Steamers,

3,067

4,263,453

3,319

4,728,952

252

465,499

River Steamers,.

1,548

1,690,644

1,970 1,765,555

422

74,911

Sailing Vessels,

355

106,862

230

118,524

11,662

125

:

Total,....

4,970 6,060,959

5,519 6,613,031

674

552,072

125

Nett.......

549

552,072

Exported tons,..................

2,103,215

2,241,194

Strs.

Bunker Coal,

Strs.

Bunker Coal.

Strs.

Bunker Coal.

Strs. Bunker Coal.

Steamers,

3,067

422,257

3,319

467,729

252

45,472

River Steamers,

1,548

23,742

1,970

25,922

422

2,180

Total,....

4,615

445,999

5,289 493,651

674

47,652

Nett,....

674

47,652

RIVER TRADE.

1897,

1898,

Year.

Imports, Exports and Passengers.

Imports.

Exports.

Passengers.

146,603

164,769

90,544

131,127

988,046

1,144,639

JUNKS. Imports.

4,810

Foreign trade, 29,466 measuring 1,814,281 tons.

Local trade,

>>

194,291

Total,......34,276

""

2,008,572

"}

Imported 689,251 tons as under:

Tea,

2,338 tons.

Oil,

Rice.

1,468 4,595

""

"

Earth and Stones,

General,

134,658 ...546,192

>>

Total,

Experts.

....689,251

>>

4,825

Total,......34,295

Foreign trade, 29,470 measuring Local trade,

1,812,473 tons.

192,002

2,004,475

""

Exported 774,069 tons as under:—

Kerosine,

Rice and Paddy, General,

Total,.....774,069

23,931 tons.

.284,747 .465,391

">

21

19

230

10. A review of the junk trade of the Colony may not be without interest at the present time. In the early days of the Colony's history Piracy in its neighbourhood was more or less common; In his Annual Report for 1865 the Harbour Master says "There can be little doubt but that every armed junk becomes a pirate when an opportunity offers," and in 1868, after the introduction of the "Harbour and Coast" Ordinance, he says "Formerly there was good reason to suppose that piratical vessels were fitted out in this harbour, Free Trade amongst junks had become Free Licence and these piratical pests of our waters had unmolested ingress and egress at all hours of the night and day."

Ordinance No. 6 of 1866-" The Harbour and Coast Ordinance,"-which came into force on 1st. January, 1867, made provision for the regulation and control of junks; most of its provisions have been re-enacted from time to time since, and the regulations now in force are for all practical purposes the same as in 1867 and are briefly as follows:----

Junks are divided into two classes:

(1) Unlicensed Junks and

(2) Licensed Junks.

These classes are again divided into :-

(1) Trading Junks and

(2) Fishing Junks.

Unlicensed Junks are required-

Unlicensed Junks.

(1) To anchor in certain places called "Anchorages for Junks" and from which they may

not remove without permission.

(2) To report their arrival.

(3) To give notice of intended departure.

(4) Not to leave at night.

Licensed Junks.

Any junk. on complying with certain conditions as to giving security, &c. may be granted a licence by the Harbour Master, either for trading or fishing, for which a fee is paid, the maximum being $20 a year.

She then obtains the following advantages:-

(1) No restriction as to place of anchoring.

(2) On payment of a fee of 25 cents she is granted a Special Permit, good for one month,

absolving her from reporting each arrival and intended departure.

(3) If a Fishing Junk, she is granted a permit, on payment of a fee of 25 cents, allowing

her to leave during certain hours of the night and early morning.

In 1867, 20,787 Trading Junks of 1,367,702 tons entered, and 20,443 of 1,353,700 tons cleared. In addition 1,444 Fishing Junks were licensed during the year and the greater number of these came in or left daily during the winter months.

In 1898, 29,466 Junks of 1,814,281 tons entered and 29,470 of 1,812,473 tons cleared, also 5,379 Fishing Junks were licensed.

In 1868, Customs Stations were established in the vicinity of the Colony by the Viceroy of Canton, primarily for the collection of Opium "Lekin" and Opium "duty," but this soon became extended, and a levy of lekin and duty on all imports and exports was made at these stations (see Sir JAMES RUSSELL's report 1886), and in 1869 the Harbour Master reported "I think the decrease in tonnage in Junks can reasonably be attributed to the existence of these Stations (Customs) and to the activity of the cruisers attached to them."

In 1874 a Commission, which had been appointed to enquire into "complaints made against the action of the Chinese Maritime Customs in the neighbourhood of the Colony and the alleged detri- ment to trade arising from such action," submitted their report. They found in the course of their investigation "that a most vexatious system of blockading is kept up at all the entrances to the harbour by a number of boats in the employ of the Hoppo of Canton, the salt farmer, and the collector of the lekin tax, and that these craft continually make use of and encroach into the waters of the Colony and actually capture junks therein."

The proceedings of these blockaders, which were gravest in character were the stopping of junks, proceeding on distant voyages with cargoes of lawful merchandise laden in the Colony, and compelling them to go to Canton and pay duty on their cargo-a practice which was carried on extensively; and further, the seizure of junks bound to the Colony from ports in Formosa and elsewhere and the taking of these to Canton to be mulcted in heavy sums, or possibly to be condemned and sold.

The Commission advised that, Her Majesty's Government should endeavour "to prevail on the Government of China to remove altogether the Customs Stations and Cruisers from the neighbour- hood of the island, and to arrange that duties be collected only at those ports or places at which there exists an export or import trade, and that should the Chinese Government refuse to remove the Stations and criusers altogether, it might be urged upon them to remove these to a greater distance than they are at present, say, not nearer in any case than ten miles from the entrances to the harbour.”

231

Whatever may have been the cause, it appears that after 1875 the junk trade, as represented by the Harbour Master's returns, began to improve, and in his report for 1877 the Harbour Master said "It was the general opinion, and I shared in that view, that the blockade would have a tendency to check the trade and consequent prosperity of the Colony, but in the face of the figures which these returns exhibit, I am unable any longer to see that the effect of the blockade has been so detrimental- as it was thought it would be." The figures referred to shewed in 1878 an increase over 1877 of 1,186 juuks entering, and the Harbour Master attributed some of this increase to more correct records being kept, in consequence of an additional outstation at Yaumati. However, there were still com- plaints of the seizure of native craft carrying so-called “contraband.”

From 1877 to 1887 the junk trade, according to the Harbour Master's Reports, fluctuated be- tween 1,600,000 and 1,800,000 tons entered yearly. The highest figures ever attained previously being 28,340 junks of 1,871,810 tons entered in 1872.

In 1887 as a result of the Commission which sat in pursuance of the Chefoo Agreement (1876), and the additional Article to the Agreement (1885) the collection of duties on goods imported and exported in junks, devolved upon the Foreign Collectorate of the Chinese Maritime Customs, and the Customs Stations round Hongkong were placed under the direction and supervision of a European Commissioner (Mr. F. A. MORGAN).

It cannot, I think, be denied that, even since this change was made, just causes of complaint have at times arisen, and I am persuaded that causes of complaint will continue to arise if the Customs officers are vigilant and zealous, the difference from the old state of things being that, vigilance and zeal will be the disturbing causes, instead of rapacity and dishonesty. The only real panacea is the removal of the primary cause, viz., the Customs Stations themselves.

A careful consideration of all points of the question which occur to me draws me to the con- clusion that, inconvenient though it is, and contrary to the usual manner of nations, we have up to the present no right to object to these Stations; I do not think we have any legitimate grievance against the Chinese Government because it endeavours to prevent junks trading to Chinese Ports with what it declares to be contraband, or to smuggle dutiable goods, no matter where the cargoes have been obtained, always provided that this does not lead to a violation of our territorial waters and that vessels and goods to and from Hongkong are not subjected to any other charges beyond what has been fixed by Treaty.

At the same time I consider that we allow our hospitality to err, even to indiscretion, and we put a weapon in their hands to be used against us, when we allow a Chinese Customs establishment in our midst, for there can be little doubt that by this means our prestige suffers in the eyes of the natives, and what perhaps is of more practical importance, an intimate knowledge can be obtained in the Colony of trading transactions, which, perfectly lawful and harmless so far as our Free Port is concerned, may in China be subject to those Rules appended to the Tariff, which restrict the import of certain descriptions of goods except under special conditions.

But whatever may be said of the present practice of closely investing our port with Customs Stations on all sides and in its midst, it must be allowed that, with the exception of the latter, all these Stations are in Chinese territory, and their closeness may be excused on the ground of the geogra- phical position of the base of operations of those whose business theirs is to watch. The small island of Hongkong with its 50,000 or 60,000 junks annually coming and going, over five-sixths of which trade to and from the Sun On and West River and Canton Districts and all of which radiate to all points of the Compass within an hour or two of leaving this Free Port, offers some reason for the Chinese Government pressing home its revenue protectors as close as they can.

can. That reason dis- appears, however, with the extension of British territory, and the protector's line should fall back simultaneously with this extension, and China should protect her revenue in the same way as any other country does, namely, at her ports of entry and clearance instead of reversing the practice of civilization and protecting it at the Foreign Ports to which she exports and from which she imports.

How far the existence of these Customs Stations has interfered with our junk trade in the past is problematical, and the only solution to be arrived at is by inference, since all direct proof is wanting. There can be no question as to China's undoubted right to collect her Customs revenue somewhere, in her own territory or waters, and it is impossible to say that our junk trade would have been larger if she had collected her Customs duties at the ports of origin and destination of the goods, instead of at intermediate stations close on our border.

In 1884 our junk tonnage was 49°/% of the European tonnage, in 1897 it was only 28% and, if certain Licensed Junks which are engaged by the Conservancy and Dust Contractors and which have only been taken into our returns during the last few years, were omitted, the decrease would be even more marked.

On the other hand, our returns show an increase of European ocean-going tonnage since 1889 of 25.33% while the Customs returns show an increase in the number of junks trading to and from Hongkong and passing the stations, of 30.37 %, and it is very probable that the Customs returns are far more accurate with regard to junks than our own, the circumstances of a Free Port, added to the difficulty of distinguishing and identifying native craft, together with the well-known proficiency with

f -

!

232

which Chinese lie without hesitation, renders the task of keeping an absolutely correct return of some 50,000 or 60,000 junks annually almost impossible with a staff of two Junk Inspectors in Victoria and no one at the outstations whose sole duty it is, and I am forced to the conclusion that a number of these junks come and go without leaving any trace on our records. In 1897 as in 1877 more correct returns would in all probability account for a further apparent increase in the junk trade, but this correctness cannot be arrived at without additional staff and expenditure.

In 1893, this Department began to try to gauge the amount of cargo tons represented by the registered tonnage of the Shipping frequenting the Port. There is no special staff or machinery for this and its correctness or otherwise depends on reports and returns made direct from the Shipping, or through its Agents.

In 1893 the amount of cargo discharged from European ocean-going shipping was given as 2,717,910 tons. In that year Junk exported 845,177 tons. In 1897 the European cargo was 2,596,458 and Junks exported 684,320. Assuming for the moment that the cargo exported by junks was entirely made up of that discharged from the ocean-going European ships, these junks distributed 31% in 1893, and 26.3% in 1897, showing no great decrease, particularly as owing to the decreased importa- tion of rice, 1897 was a bad year for junks.

But the Customs returns furnish a still better fact from which to draw our inference, namely the value of the trade in junks between Hongkong and China. In 1888 this was Hk. Tls. 33,495,526, in 1893 it was 39,938,740, and in 1897 it was 39,991,611 giving an increase of 19% in the 10 years to put against an increase of 25% in the register tonnage of European ocean-going shipping during the same period.

Value of Junk trade Hongkong

and China.

Year.

Ocean- going European Tonnage.

Imports from Hongkong Hongkong. Exports to

Total.

Foreign

Goods.

Native Native Produce. Produce.

Hk. Tls.

1888,

1889,..

1890,

1891,

1892,

1893,

6,973,483 15,636,853 3,476,200 14,328,473 33,441,526

6,016,908 12,894,763 3,711,707 14,194,598 30,801,068

6,392,575 17,960,229 3,453,432 14,840,659 36,254,330

6,081,407 13,297,933 3,376,619 17,016,926 33,691,478

6,968,236 13,468,368 3,113,192 17,290,632 33,872,192

7,320,753 17,663,217 | 3,338,377 18,937,126 39,938,720

1894,

1895,

1896,

1897,

7,193,855 15,826,749 3,438,540 19,665,908 38,431,197

8,211,496 21,585,595 3,455,730 22,678,090 47,719,415

8,971,432 21,124,268 3,482,122 22,565,590 47,171,980

8,739,878 13,027,228 3,939,890 23,024,493 39,991,611

Still another test that can be applied is this. In 1893 (the first year that we collected the cargo returns) European tonnage discharged 2,717,910 tons of cargo and the value of the foreign goods. exported from Hongkong to China by junk, according to the Customs return, was Hk. Tls. 17,663,217 or in the ratio of 1 ton to 6.4 Hk. Tls., in 1896 the ratio had risen to 1 ton to 8 Hk. Tle., but it dropped in 1897 to 1 ton to 5 Hk. Tls., owing, in the opinion of the Commissioner of Customs, to transit privileges favouring at that time shipments in European bottoms instead of in junks.

>

Whether or not there should be a fixed ratio between total European tonnage and the total junk tonnage frequenting the port, is, I think, very doubtful, because, in the first place, junks are not the sole distributors, except to non-treaty Ports with which it is probable trade does not expand rapidly, and, in the next place, the European tonnage is not solely employed in the carriage of goods to be distributed from Hongkong as a centre, for a not inconsiderable portion of the cargoes is in transit to more distant ports.

In 1893 the cargo discharged in Hongkong from ocean-going ships amounted to 74% of the registered tonnage arriving, and the transit cargo was 36%, in 1897 the cargo discharged was only 59% while the transit cargo had gone up to 42°/。.

More probable does it appear that, if the junk trade has any fixed relation to anything it is to the quantity of rice imported from Cochin China and Siam. The bearing which this has on the junk trade will be very clearly seen from the annexed diagrain which is prepared from the informa- tion contained in the Customs return.

Diagram comparing--(1) The Ocean-going tonnage entering, (2) The value of the Junk trade with China, and (3) quantity of Rice imported into China through Hongkong, 1888-1897 inclusive.

Ocean-going tonnage entering.

1888

1889

1890

1891

1892

1893

1894

1895

1893

1897

Quantity of Rice imported into China through Hongkong. Picula.

Value of Junk trade between Hongkong and

Canton.

Hk. Tls.

4,800,000

6,750,000

48,000,000

1

4,700,000

6,500,000

47,000,000

4,600,000

6,250,000

46,000,000

2

4,500,000

6,000,000

45,000,000

4,400,000

5,750,000

44,000,000

4,300,000

5,500,000

$3,000,000

4,200,000

5,250,000

42,000,000

4,100,000

5,000,000

41,000,000

4,000,000

4,750,000

40,000,000

3,900,000

4,500,000

39,000,000

3,800,000

4,250,000

38,000,000

3,700,000

4,000,000

$7,000,000

3,600,000

3,750,000

36,000,000

3,500,000

3,500,000

35,000,000

3,400,000

3,250,000

34,000,000

3,300,000

3,000,000

33,000,000

3,200,000

2,750,000

32,000,000

3,100,000

2,500,000

31,000,000

3,000,000

2,250,000

30,000,000

2,900,000

2,000,000

29,000,000

2,800,000

1,750,000

28,000,000

2,700,000

1,500,000

27,000,000

i

(1) Ocean-going tonnage (blue).

(2) Value of Junk trade (black).

(3) Quantity of Rice (red).

233

11.

Arrivals.

British Ships, Foreign Ships, River Steamers,

130,176

PASSENGER TRAFFIC.

Departures,

139,574 including Emigrants.

65,820

579,012

62,665 "" 565,627

"}

Launches,

Junks,

......

.2,390,985

2,388,982

...

124,909

128,326

3,290,902

3,285,174

Difference-Excess of Arrivals 5,728.

REVENUE.

235

12. The total Revenue collected by the Harbour Department during the year was $183,628.01, a decrease of $50,605.11 on the previous year which is more than accounted for by the reduction of the rate of Light Dues from 24 cents to 1 cent.

1. Light Dues.....

2. Licences and Internal Revenue,

3. Fees of Court and Office,

>

.$ 51,645.15 $ 31,516.00 $100,466.86

Total,.......................$183,628.01

STEAM LAUNCHES.

13. On 31st December there were 147 Steam Launches employed in the Harbour; of these 58 were licensed for the conveyance of passengers, 72 were privately owned, 12 were the property of the Colonial Government, and 5 belonged to the Imperial Government in charge of the Military Author- ities.

One Master's Certificate was suspended for 2 weeks, two for one month, one for 2 months and three for 3 months.

EMIGRATION.

14. 60,432 Emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year; of these 47,278 were carried by British ships, and 13,135 by Foreign ships; 105,441 were reported as having been brought to Hongkong from places to which they had emigrated, and of these 82,694 were brought in British ships, and 22,747 by Foreign ships.

Returns Nos. XVII and XVIII will give the details of this branch of the Department.

REGISTRY OF Shipping.

15. During the year, 9 ships were registered under the provisions of the Imperial Act, and 12 certificates were cancelled.

MARINE Magistrate's Court.

16. 32 Cases were heard in the Marine Magistrate's Court: refusal of duty, assault, and breach of Harbour Regulations were the principal offences.

EXAMINATION OF MASTERS, MATES AND ENGINEErs.

(Under Section 15 of Ordinance No. 26 of 1891.)

17. The following table will show the number of candidates examined for Certificates of Com- petency distinguishing those who were successful and those who failed:-

Masters,

First Mates, Only Mates,

GRADE.

PASSED.

FAILED.

8

14

2

Second Mates,

TOTAL,.

26

6

First Class Engineers,

12

10

:

Second Class Engineers,

36

18

TOTAL,..

48

28

236

MARINE COurts.

(Under Section 13 of Ordinance No. 26 of 1891.)

18. The following Courts have been held during the year :-

1. On the 3rd and 4th May, inquiry respecting the circumstances connected with the stranding of the British Steam-ship "Sishan," Official No. 89,083 of London, near the Middle Rocks, China Sea, on the 22nd April, 1898. The Master's (John Jenkins) Certificate of Competency was suspend- ed for one month.

2. On the 20th and 21st May, inquiry respecting the circumstances connected with the stranding of the British Steam-ship "Ching Po," Official No. 107,013 of Hongkong, on the West River, China, on the 23rd and 24th March, 1898. The Master's (Peter Ryves Marsh) Certificate of Competency was suspended for four months.

SUNDAY CARGO-WORKING.

(Ordinance No. 6 of 1891.)

19. During the year 258 Permits were issued, under the provisions of the Ordinance; of these 65 were not availed of owing to its being found unnecessary for the ship to work cargo on the Sunday, and the fee paid for the permit was refunded in each case, and 22 Permits were issued free of charge to Mail steamers.

The revenue collected under this heading was $25,925; this was $14,075 more than 1897. The Revenue Collected each year since the Ordinance came into force is as follows :-

1892,

1893,

1894.

1895,

1896,

1897,

1898,

.$ 4,800 $ 7,900 .$13,375

$11,600

.$ 7,575

.$11,850

.$25,925

As a revenue raising measure, therefore, it has been very successful, as a prevention of Sunday work, however, not much can be said for it; 1°。 of the total ocean-going tonnage entering availed of it in 1893 and 7°。 in 1898.

SEAMEN.

20. 18,894 seamen were shipped, and 21,504 discharged, at the Mercantile Marine Office and on board ships during the year.

232"Distressed Seamen" were received during the year; of these 37 were sent to the United Kingdom, 1 to Singapore, 1 to Melbourne, 3 to Sydney, 1 to Vancouver, 4 died, 160 obtained employ- ment, 2 remained at the Victoria Gaol, 3 at the Government Civil Hospital and 20 at the Sailors' Home.

$5,019.33 were expended by the Harbour Master on behalf of the Board of Trade in the relief of these "Distressed Seamen" and $98.33 by the Colony.

MARINE SURVEYOR'S SUB-DEPARTMENT.

21. Return No. XXII. shows the work performed by this branch of the Harbour Department, and in forwarding this I again desire to record my appreciation of the manner in which the work of this sub-department is carried out.

In my Annual Report for 1894 I referred at length to the case of the Government Marine Surveyor and his Assistant, and I reproduced an extract from a report made by me in a letter dated 14th June, 1892, as follows:-

"The duties of these Surveyors, I am convinced, are very onerous, the inspection of "boilers and engines, especially during the hot weather, being most trying.

(6

"The conditions also under which these surveys are held at Hongkong are peculiar, owing to the short time that vessels as a rule remain in port. In order to save time, applications for survey are constantly received before the vessel's arrival, and it frequently happens that the completion of the survey is the final act before she again leaves. They cannot even afford to wait for their passenger certificates, clearances being frequently "granted them by me on receipt of a report from the Surveyor that the requirements of the "law have been complied with.

237

"It is, therefore, most important that the work of surveying vessels should be carried "on as expeditiously as possible, and the importance of these surveys renders it imperative "that the examination should be thorough; in order to insure these conditions it is neces- "sary that there should be an adequate and efficient staff. It will be seen from the report "of Mr. DIXON attached hereto that the survey of a vessel for Passenger Certificate occupies "himself and his Assistant eight hours, spread over a number of visits, about four. The time "consumed, however, on this work is often considerably in excess of this eight hours, as the 'ship may be anywhere between the Hunghom Docks and Aberdeen. Other surveys "though not occupying so much time, in each case, are made under somewhat similar "circumstances.

66

"There are four local Marine Surveyors carrying on business in Hongkong; in addition "to these, some of the Steamship Companies employ special surveyors for their vessels. "The Government Marine Surveyors practically do a very large proportion of the amalga- "mated work of all these, having at the same time to so arrange that if possible there should "be no delay or inconvenience to any one. No easy matter in a place where, as may be

expected, each owner or agent considers his own interest as paramount."

(C

In the same report (1894) I compared the work done at Hongkong by two men with the work done at Liverpool by cleven men and at Cardiff by six men, and I showed that at Liverpool there were about 40 vessels of 92,000 tons per surveyor and at Cardiff 27 vessels of 53,000 tons, while at Hongkong with all its disadvantages of climate, &c., we had 56 vessels of over 100,000 tons to each surveyor.

Once more I must dwell on this subject; the amount of work performed by our surveyors con- tinues to increase and, that it becomes necessary for me to draw attention to it is, I think, ample testi- mony that it is satisfactorily performed, for we all know that public duties ill performed soon declare

themselves.

During the eleven months January-November, 1898, the tonnage surveyed at Liverpool was 967,762 tons, in Hongkong during the year 324,610 tons were surveyed, this gives 100,454 tons per surveyor at Liverpool and 162,305 tons per surveyor at Hongkong.

The Revenue derived by the Colony from the work performed by the Marine Surveyors has increased from $10,055.87 in 1890 to $12,634.05 in 1898, the "overtime" fees alone in 1898 amounting to $570.

The Government Marine Surveyors are again presenting a respectful petition asking for a con- sideration of their position and an augmentation of their pay, and this I sincerely trust will meet with the success which, I think, it deserves.

LIGHTHOUSES.

22. The amount of Light Dues collected was as follows:-

CLASS OF VESSELS.

RATE No. of PER TON. SHIPS.

TONNAGE.

TOTAL FEES

COLLECTED.

$ C.

Ocean Vessels,

Do.,

1

Steam Launches,

2 cents.

cent. do.

58 3,388

62,786 4,787,316

135

River Steamers (night-boats),..

cent.

4

4,911 6,536

1,569.66

47,873.16

49.11

Do.

do. ),...)

do.

827

624,826

43.57 2,082.96

Launches plying exclusively to

Macao and West River by night,

do.

River Steamers (day-boats),

Free.

155 1,144

7,998 1,137,127

26.69

Launches plying to Macao and

West River by day,

do.

314

15,516

TOTAL,...

6,025 6,647,016

51,645.15

Telegraphic and telephonic communication has been kept up with the Gap Rock and Cape D'Aguilar during the year. From the former station 829 vessels have been reported as passing, and in addition 215 messages were received and 3,402 sent, including the daily weather report for the Observatory.

From Cape D'Aguilar 1,269 vessels were reported, and in addition 1,829 messages were sent and 24 received.

35 hours and 10 minutes of fog were reported from Gap Rock during the year, and the fog signal gun was fired 223 times. On three occasions the fortnightly relief could not be effected owing to the rough sea.

238

GOVERNMENT GUNPOWDER DEPOT.

23. During the year 1898 there has been stored in the Government Gunpowder Depôt, Stone- cutters' Island:

Gunpowder, privately owned,

Do., Government owned,

Cartridges, privately owned,......

Do., Government owned,

Explosive Compounds, privately owned,......

Do.,

APPROXIMATE

No. of

CASES.

WEIGHT.

11,901

41

5,046 81

lbs. 241,360 820

1,167,773

17,275

1,089

60,469

Government owned,

21

1,226

TOTAL,......

18,179

1,488,923

During the same period there has been delivered out of the Depôt :

No. of CASES.

APPROXIMATE WEIGHT.

tbs.

For Sale in the Colony :-

Gunpowder, privately owned,

7,117

143,895

Cartridges,

do..

1,607

340,585

Explosive Compounds, privately owned,...

129

8,615

For Export:-

Gunpowder, privately owned,

2,844

58,035

Cartridges,

do.,

2,588

639,968

Explosive Compounds, privately owned,...

922

47,986

TOTAL,....

15,207

1,239,084

On the 31st December, 1898, there remained as under :—

APPROXIMATE

NO. OF CASES.

WEIGHT.

Ibs.

Gunpowder, privately owned,

Do., Government owned,

Cartridges, privately owned,...

1,940 41

39,430

820

851

187,220

Do., Government owned,

77

16,225

Explosive Compounds, privately owned,....

38

3,868

Do.,

Government owned,

21

1,226

+

TOTAL,.........

2,968

248,789

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS (OPIUM) OFFICE.

24. The Return shows that during the year the amount of Opium reported was as follows:-

Increase.

Imported,.

Exported...

1897. chests.

.37,708

..35,808

1898.

chests.

chests.

39,392

1,684

37,828

2,020

15,482

1,743

Through cargo reported but not landed, 13,7391

15,282 permits were issued from this Office during the year, being an increase of 31 as compared with 1897.

A daily memo. of exports to Chinese ports was during the year supplied to the Commissioner of Imperial Maritime Customs at Kowloon, and a daily memo. of exports to Macao was supplied to the Superintendent of Raw Opium Department of Macao.

Surprise visits were paid to 106 godowns during the year.

I have the honour to be,

Sir,

Your most obedient Servant,

The Honourable J. H. STEWART LOCKHART, C.M.G.,

&c.,

R. MURRAY RUMSEY, Retd. Comd., R.N., Harbour Master, &c.

Colonial Secretary, &c.,

&c.

I-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of

BRITISH.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

COUNTRIES WHENCE ARRIVED.

Cargoes.

Vestela.

Tons. Crews.

Dis-

Vessels.

Tons. Crews. Vessels.

Tons. Crews,

Transit. charged.

C

Australia and New Zealand,

British North Borneo............................

Cape of Good tinpe,

35

18

Canada,

Coast of China,............

Cochin-China,

Continent of Europe,

Formoss,

Great Britain,

India and Straits Settlements,

Japan,.....

Java and other Islands in the Indian Archipelago,

Kiaochow,

Macao,

1,835 1,935,618 77,176 212,124 225,737

851

53,225 95,987 4,036| 135,830

20,867 78,897 18,210 54,926 3,871

148) 349,328 8,613) 204,384, 432,971| 157 271,659 13,218 219,768° 112,730 176 333,848 12,638 268,759 157,725

81 120,708 4,198 212,710

17

48,097 2,085) 32,585 19,242 1,044 23,340 50,253 3,162||||| 12,726

19,820

351

48,097 2,085)

18

19,242 1,044

17

50,253 3,162

192 170,470 7,205 2,027 2,106,088 84,381

1,474

31

841

97,461 4,067

21

53,801

76

983

211

53,801 983

2,731

SO

1.799

27

12,812

518 357,326 21,098 42,460

GOG!

43

57,657 4,015

148 349,328 8,613 157 271,659 13,213 177 335,64712,665| 81 120,708 4,198

520 357,932 21,141

Mauritius,

...

North and South Pacific,

Philippine Islands,

Ports in Hainan and Gulf of Touquin,

Russia in Asia...................

1,475

23

86

25

95,901 4,862 31,273 1,298 51,579

99,76

8,328

8,696

368

1 *1,475 23 94 104,597 5,230|

9,700

25

1261

31,273 1,298 31 5,755 126)

Sandwich Islands,.

Siam,

South America.................

167

United States of America,

Weihaiwei,...

178,780 8,308 270,881

669 13 77 170,868 5,078; 112,399

2,047 30

14,999

167

70

178,780 8,308

669

13

87,516

77

2,000

170,368 5,078

2,047❘

301

TOTAL,

3,5224,169,831171,7061,939,9561,189,460||

212 193,006 7,967 3,7344,362,837 179,6731

II.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWs, and DARG

WITH CARGOES.

BRITISH,

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

COUNTRIES TO WHICH DEPARTED.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.]

Shipped.

Cargoes!!

Shipped.

Bunker Vessels.

Coal.

Tons. Crews.

Bunker Coal.

Vessels

Tons. Crews.

Bunker

Cargoes. Coal.

Australia & New Zealand,

241

35,636 1,845

34,200

2,240

British North Borneo, ...................

18

21,316 1,072

3,715)

5,410

Canada,

161

47,813 3,090]

18,513

225

2,099

63.

261

37,735 1,908| 34,200

2,240

892

45

6,946

125!

340 9001

20

22,208 1,117|

3,715

5,750

21

54.759 3,215

18,513!

900:

Cape of Good Hope,

1

1,474

33

900

1

***

1,474

33

9001

}

Corea,

Coast of China,

2,267 2,436,107 114,645

Continent of Europe,

Java and other Islands in the Indian

Cochin-China,

Formosa.....

Great Britain,

India and Straits Settlements,.

Japan,

Archipelago,

Kiaochow................................................................

Kwanchauwan,

161

18,849 7501

359,600 9.741

97,171 3,500

36

62

14

14,242

614

42,688

2.370

73 200,683 5,774

57,021

2,840

126 227,724| 10,350| 174,391

30,210

12

201 363,979 13,409 268,771

28,625

13

19,359

761 11,300

5,390

28

49,222 1,753 89,278 2,958

1,248 63

22,983 4661 8,440 292 55,437 1,193

5,600 2,303 2,485,329 116,398 359,600 78 108,127 3,708 15,065

102,771 9,741 18,655

...

100)

4,125 540 9,155

15

6771 15,490 73 200,683| 5,774||

42,688 2,470

57,021 2,840

138 250,707 10,816|| 174,391

34,335

74,796 1,957)

207 372,419 13,701 268,771

41

29,165

11,300

14,545

...

Macao,

528 375,537 21,929|

31,069

5,779

Mauritius,

North and South Pacific,

Philippine Islands,

561

62,596 2.888)

Ports in Hainan & G. of Tonquin,

24

25,607 1,182

40,093 4,342

20,845

5,968

ོབ

::

::

...

1,013

531

530 376,550 21,982

31,069 5,80€

...

:

::

33

Russia in Asia,

3,948 118

480

Siam,

641

66,479 3,265|

South America,

613 13

25.780 936

15,730

19

22 834 1,777

40,574 1,589| 36,624 1,487

907 27

89 103,170 4,177

40,098 6,950

27,798

4,520

531

62,231| 2,669j

4,342

10,48

3,948 118

480

4,470

83

89,313 4,172| 25,780

20,200

United States of America,

32

70.697 2,433| 107,861|

748

3,778

64

2,390 40

74,470 2,497 107,861

936

...

741

Weihaiwei,

4.

7,012.

175

5,600,

1,290

7,012;

1751 5,600

1,291

TOTAL...........

3,481 3,999,071 184,3491,196,521 228,681|

241 343,140 11,085 51,792 3,7224,342,811| 195,184|1,196,521|| 280,47.

İ.—ÑUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and ĊARGOES of Vessels ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong from each

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

[

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGOES.

Cargoes.

Cargoes.

Cargoes.

Vossels.

Tons. Crews.

Dis-

Vessels.

Tons. Crews. Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

charged. Transit.

Dis- charged. Transit.

Vossels. Tons.

Crews.

Dis- charged. Transit.

Vessels. Tons. Crews. y

35

48,097 2,085 32,585 19,820

35

18

19,242 1,044 23,340

17

50,253|| 3,162 12,726

:::

48,097 2,085 32,585 19,820 16 21,436 1,120 10,206 8,783 181 19,242 1,044| 23,340

17 50,258 3,162 12,726

:::

1,699

19

21

1,835,1,935,61877,176 212,124 225,737

86 95,987 4,036 135,830|| 53,225 53,801 983 20,367 78,897

76 54,926 3,871 18,210 148 349,328 8,613 204,884 432,971) 157| 271,659 13,213 219,768 112,730 176 333,848 12,635) 268,759 157,725

81 120,708 4,198 212,710 518 357,826 21,098 42,460

192 170,470 7,205

1,474 311

21

2,731

144

801

29

2,0272,106,088 84,381 212,124 225,737 13,982 1,487,026 167,487 625,776 200.467 15,552 918,356|120,907|2

81 97,461 4,067) 135,830| 53,225 142 148,495 4,629 208,780 21,280

53,801 983 20,367 78,897 57,657 4,015 18,210

148

157

1.799

27

12,812

::

::

349,328 8,613 204,384 432,971 271,659 13,213 219,768|| 112,730 177 335,647 12,665| 268,759 137,725| 81 120,708 4,198 212,710 12,812

23

30

93 221,892 8,993| 64,203 244.431| 1

24,068 1,038) 9,325 2,655 3! 67,049 1,856) 29,144 53.766 58 120,408 4,200 75,600 66,449 321 568,356 22,692| 502,859 175,058 32,278 1,005 47,449 5,200

18)

12

1,711

122

1,414

69

7,841 224

***

1,001 31

606!

1,475

43

520 357,932 21,141|

42,460

481

***

57,168 9,997

23,299!

139

15,842 1,786)

}

...

985 51

600

86 95,901 4,862} 99,76

3,328

23 8,696 368

94

1,475 104,597 5,230|

23

2

139! 25

70

99,761

3,328

56

48,237) 1,805 45,828

8.056

13

16,692

620

***

25 31,273 1,298 51,579 9,7001

167 178,780 8,308 270,881

:

25

31,273 1,298

51,579

9,700

265 178,168 7,721 206,849

26,700

100

25

5,755 126

5,755 126

6 6,943 368

1,640

160

1,903

801

1,178 17:

1,900

1

1.489

20

14,999

669 13:

70

77 170,368 5,078 112,399 1 2,047) 30 2,000

87,516

167

178,780 8,308

270,884

14,999

43

35,624 1,259

68,494

2,000!

77

669 13 170,868 5,078 2,047 30

70

794

9:

891

112,899

87,516

47

99,836 3,078

75,774

15,857

2,000)

3,5224,169,831171,706 1,939,956|1,189,460||

212 193,006 7,967|| 3,734 4,362,837 179,673 1,939,956|1,189,460 15,547 3,123,080 237,350 1,998,187 830,862 15,724|| 968,066 123,870|

eo!

II.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of Vessels CLEARED in the Colony of Hongkong for each Coun

BRITISH,

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

3

RGOES.

Shipped. Cargoes. Bunker Vessels.

Coal.

34,200 2,240 3,715 5,410, 18,513

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGOES.

Bunker Tons. Crews. Coal. Vesselk.

Tous. Crews.

Shipped.

Bunker Vessels. Cargoes. Coal.

Shipped.

Tons. Crews.

Cargoes.

Bunker vessels.

Coul.

Tons.

rews.

Bunker Coal.

Vessels.

Τ

2,099 63

26

5

8921 45 6,946 125

340 9001 21

900

37,735 1,908) 22,208 1,117 54.759 3,215) 1,474 33

34,200 3,715

2,240 5,750

12

18,694 1,126) 3,500

910

2,174

633

43 14

13

...

18,513

900)

900

...

::

359,600 97,170 36

9.741

3,590 62

49,222 1,758 89,278 2,958

5,600 2,303 2,485,329 116,398 359,600 15,065] 78 108,127 3,708) 9,741

...

42,688 2.370)

1,248 63

100

57,021 2,840

4

174,391 30,210

5,390

28

12 22,983 466 8,440 292 55,437 1,193

4.125 540

9,155

...

1013! 53

97

::

29

:

19

40,574 1,589| 6,950 36,624 1,487 4,520

22 834)

107,861

748

31

907 4,470 1,777 27 3,778 64

83

3,918 118 89,313 4,172 25,780

2,390 40

936

35

74,470 2,497 107,861

-9 268,771| 28,625

411,300

9

100 2100 2 2

31,069 6,779

40,093 20,845; 4,342 5,963

480

25,780 15,730

936

5,600, 1,290

7,012 1751 5,600 1,290

91,196,521 228,681| 241 343,140 11,085 51,792 3,7224,342,811|195,4341,196,521| 280,473 14,735 3,268,666 248,5051,809,953 188,197 16,532 814,027 108,893

29,981 31,267 4,0

5,806

782 102,771 13,302|1,870,800| 188,929 957,350 18,655| 72 74,058 2,167 49,912 101 264,739 8,602 74,376 15 15,490 677 42,688

2,470 13 8,578 3761 73 200,683 5,774 57,021 2,840 2 7,653 244 138 250,707 10,816 174,391 34,335 207 372,419 13,701 268,771 29,165 41 74,796 1,957 11,300 14,545

...

530 376,550 21,982|| 31,069|

89 103,170 4,477) 40,095 27,795 531 62,231 2,669 4,342 10,483

27 1,300

220

58,326 16,291 566,688 101,404 14.420

89 102,207 3,196 21,985

3,175 29,593 2,4 15,085

161 1

101 2

50

502

9,975 8.626 95,675 5,600| 90,248 9,351 277| 515,085|17,637|| 282,271| 34,391 7,926 213 2,950 2,300 10,747 248 2,451 1,700

100 29 148 67,230 11,023 41,916

1,553 401

900! 2,342 122

: 1,100

990

18

2

17

24,417 500 27 49,821 1,505 1,925 5,351 121 305

2,540

Gi 1

304 5

13

!

36

::

40

3,540

477

542)

:

160

44 36,126 1,481|

241 153,409 6,728 104,259

4801 20,200

10 10,402) 306 22,550 41 45,809 1,343 21,332

22,334

1,185)

7,635

24,750 6,736 14 13,099 397, 1,805 58

32 32,067 875! 2,840 278 1

10 14 14,030

55

...

4

748)

40

2,903 54 4,430 74,055 2,207 102,609

515

2,306

40

each Country for the Year ending 31st December, 1893.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Cargoes.

Cargoes.

Cargoes.

rews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Dis-

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Dis-

Vessels. Tons. Crews. Veasels.

Tons. Crews.

Transit. charged

charged Transit.

Dis-

charged.

Transit.

***

16 21,436 1,120 10,206 8,783 61

69,533) 3,205į 42,791 28,603

51

69,533 3,205] 42.791 28,603

18

19,242 1,044) 23,340

18

19,242) 1,044) 23,340

17

50,253 3,162 12,726

19

1 1,699) 19

19

12

77

69 224

329

30

5,200

1,001 31

570

73,010 11,783

23,299!

985) 51

600

1

985 51

65,759 600

139

25

701

2

139 25

74.505 328 328

10,907 29,534 2,405,382|285,391|| 625,776 200,467 15,817 3,422,644 244,663 837,901) 426.204 15,7441,088,826 128,112

142 148,495 4,629 208,780| 21,280 225 244,482 8,665 344.610 94 224,910 9,005 64,203 244,431| 111 278,6931_9,976| 84.570 32 25,779 1,115] 9,325 2,655 23 67,049 1,856) 29,144 53,766 60 121,822 4.269 75,600 66,449 576,197 22,916||| 502,859 175,058

32,278 1,005 47,419

81 1,786

...

105 78.994) 4,909 27,535) 2,655 171 416,377 10,469 233,528| | 486,737 215|| 392,06717,413 295,368| 179,179 497 902,20435,330| 771,618 312,783 111 152,986 5,203| 260,159|

***

949 414,494 31,095

17 50,253 3,162 12,726,

1 1,699 19

1,561 4,511,470 372,775 837,90 426,204 226 245,956 8,696 344.610 74,505 115 278,711| 9.988 84,576 323,528 112 83,436 5,130 27,535 2,655 171 416,377 10,469 233,528 486,737 217 393,481 17,482 295,368, 179,179 506 911,844 35,581 771,618 312,783 111 152,986 5,203) 260,159

1,699

1,414

9,640

1,474 31 18) 12 4,442 221

69 251

18,012

18,012

1,001

31

141

16,448 1,829

1 1,001 31 1,090 430,942 32,924

65,759

620

69 64,929 2,425

45,328

25

266, 176,268 7,746 206,849

801

8,846 448

1,640

8,056 26.700 160

201

2 2,667 37

1.900

43 35,624 1,259

68,494

2,000

1

794

891

47

99,836 3,078

75,774

***

142 144,138 6.667! 145,089) 290 209,441 9,019) 258,428 6 6,943 368 1,640 1,178 17 1,900 210 214,404 9,567 339,378 1,463 22 961 15,857 124 270,204 8,156 188.173) 103,375

2,047 30 2,000

1

985 51 3 1,614 48

168 169,526 7,655) 145,089) 291 209,541 9,044 258,428; 11 14,601 574 1,640

2 2,667 37 1,900! 210 214,404 9,567 339,378 16,999

2 1,463) 221 961 124 270,204 8,156 188,173 103,373

1 2,047 30 2,000

73,870|31,27||4,091,146 361,2201,998,187 830,86219,069|7,292,911 402,055|3,938,143|2,020,322|15,936|1,161,072 131,37 35,005 8,453,983 540,893 8,938,143 2,020,322

Country for the Year ending 31st December, 1898.

600

70

1

11.384 36,400

21

1,475 25,388

23

70

988

11.384

100

251

36,400

160

7,658

206

160

1,489

16,999

TOTAL

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

sels.

Tons. Crews.

13

14

Shipped.

Cargoes.

20,868 1,169| 3,500

633

Shipped.

Shipped.

Bunker

Bunker vesels. Tons. Crews.

Coal.

910

36

...

...

220

11,891

36,319

13

8

10,747

248

2,451

2,605 1,700

782

27 1,300 593 2,437,488 280,335 957,850 161 176,265 5,263|| 49,912 101 264,739 8,602 74.376 13 8,578 376 9,975 21 7,653 244 8,626 67 120,092 6,100 90,248 304 564,906 19,142 282 271

13,277 334 2.950.

9001 27 1,300] 220

61,501|15,5694,306,907 303,574 1,316,950 155,497 16,327 29,505 88 92,907 2,917 59,653 18,010 21,985 101 264,789 8,602 74,576| 21,985

990

Cargoes

54,330 2,971 37,700 3.150 18 21,316) 1,072 3,715 5,410 16 47,818 3,090 18,513

1,474 33

782

Bunker Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Coal.

Vessels, Coal.

Tons. Crews.

bunker

Cargoes. Coal.

ආසය

4,273 108

391

58,603 3,077 37,700 3,150

1.525] 591 6,916 125

340 900

21

22,841 1.13)}

21

54,759 3,215|

3,715 18.513

5,750

900

1

615,910 103,157

151

191,485) 6,154

27 22,820 990 52,663 3,360 75 208,336) 6,018 65,647 2,840 176 323,399 15,950) 264,639Į 41,561 478 879,064 31,046 551,042 63,019; 20 27,285 977 14,250 7,670

10,747 248 2,451

1

29

331

1,248 63 100

47,400 966 6,665 58,261 1,797 2,465 31 60,788) 1,314 9,460

27 1,300 8,775 31,896 4,922,817 406,731 1,316,950 30,150 239 284.332 9,071 59,653 101 264,789 8,602 74,376 28 24,068 1,053 52,663 75 208,336 0.018) 65,647 205 870,799 16,916 264.639

1,474 33

782

900

220

164,272

48,160

21,985

3,460

2,840

46.226

1,700

100

291

54%)

70,770 11,500)

148 44,916

36

100 29

148

36

::

88,073 2.291| 14,250 10,747 248

511 937,325 32,843, 651,042 65,484

51

17,150

2,451

1,700

900

100

اذة

1,553 40 2,342 122 1,100

58 49,225 1,863| 24,750 273 185,476 7,603 104,259 10 10.402 306 22,550 59,893) 1,722 21,332

2,903 54 4,430,

40 74,055 2,207|| 102,609

1,030 442,767|32,952) 75,985

160

342 122 1,100 160 8,541

64,843 27,581 20,174 265 179,016) 7,910] 108,601| 28,297 1,185 13 14,350 424 22,550) 1,665 105 112,288 4,608|| 47.112 23,365

267 4,082,693| 387,398 1,809,953|| 213,175|18,216|7,268,337|422,8543,006,474 411,578|| 16,773|1,157,167|119,978

5,779

42 4,553 530

1,553 40

900

100 27 1,072 447,320 33,482 1,553 40 2,342 122

29

148 75,985 900 1,100

36 5,806

98,722 4,372|

47

9,941

515

5 8,516 67 5,366 72 144,752 4,640 210,470)

1,263 7,012 175 5,6001 1.290

...

53,673 1,968 68,691 2,362

36,864 1,286) 1 1,777 27 3,773 64

8.755 7,360j

147 152,395 6,340. 64.843 326 247,707 10,272 108,601

160 36,336 35,657

131 14.350 424

22,550

6,776

138 149,152 5,801

47,112

1,600 30,141

7,012 175

5,293 94

75 148.525 4,704 210,470

81,773 34,989 8,425,504) 552,832 3,006,474 493,651

5,366

*

1,263

3,600

1,290

289

I-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of Vessels Er

BRITISH.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

COUNTRIES WHENCE ARRIVED.

Cargoes.

Cargoes.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Dis-

Vessels.

Tons. Crews. Vessels.

Tons.

Grews

Dis-

charged. Transit.

charged. Tran

Australia and New Zealand,

British North Borneo,............................ Canada,

Cape of Good Hope,............. Coast of Chins,...

Cochin-China,

Continent of Europe,

Formosa.

Great Britain,

India and Straits Settlements,

Japan,.......

Java and other Islands in the Indian Archipelago,

Kianehow,

Macao,

Mauritius,

North and South Pacific,

Philippine Islands,

Ports in Hainan and Gulf of Tonquin,

Russia in Asia........................

48,097 2,085 32,585 19,820 18 19,242 1,044) 23,340

50,253|| 8,162 12,726

1,835,1,935,61877,176 212,124 225,737

851 95,987 4,036 135,830 53,225 21 53,801 983 20,367 78,897)

54,926 3,871 18,210

76

148 349,328 8,613 204,384 432,971 157 271,659 13,218 219,768 112,730 176 333,84812,635| 268,759 137,725

81 120,708 4,198 212,710

35

35

48,097 2,085 32,585 19

18

19,242 1,044| 23,340

17

i

17

50,253 8,162 12,726)

192 170,470 7,205|

2,027|2,106,088 $4,381 212.124 225

1,474 31

81

97,461,067) 135,830 53

21

53,801 983 20,367 7

2,731

144

SO

57,657 4,015_18,210||

::

148

349,328 8,613 204,384) 432

157

271,659 (3,213|| 219,768| 112|

1,799

27

12,812

177 335,647 12,665|| 268,759 137 81 120,708 4,198 212,710 12

518 357,326 21,098 42,460)

GOG!

431

520 357,932 21,141

42,460

**

1,475

23

1

1,475 23

86

95,901) 4,862} 99,761

3,328

8,696

368

94

104,59745,230| 99,761

25

31,273 1,298 51,579

9,700

25

31,273 1,298

51,579

*..

5,755

126)

5,755 126

...

**

Sandwich Islands,..

Siam,

South America...................

Weihaiwei................................

167

United States of America,

178,780 8,308) 270,884j

669

13: 77 170,368 5,078 112,399 87,516

2,047 30 2,000

14,999

167

178,780 8,308 270,881

14

701

669 13

70

77

170,368 5,078 112,599

8

2,047 30 2,000

TOTAL

3,5224,169,831 171,706 1,939,956 1,189,460)

212 193,006 7,967

3,731 4,36

14,362,837 179,673 1,939,956 1,18

II.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWs, and Bargoes of Ves

WITH CARGOES.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL

COUNTRIES TO WHICH DEPARTED.

Shipped.

Shipped

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Cargoes.

Bunker Vessels.

Coal.

Tons. Crews.

Bunker Coal.

Vessels.

Tous. Crews.[

Cargoes.

Bunker Vesseln.

Coal.

Ton:

Australia & New Zealand,

24

35,636 1,845 34,200

British North Borneo, ...................

18

21,316 1,072

3,715

2,240) 2 5,410 21

Canada,

16

47,813 3,090

18,513)

2,099 63. 892 45 6,946 125

26 340 20 211 900

Cape of Good Hope,

1,474 33

900

33

:

:

37,735 1,908) 34,200| $2,240 12 18,6 22,208 1,117 3,715 5,750 54,759 3,215) 18,513 900|

9001 1,474

...

Corea,

Coast of China,

2,267 2,436,107114,645 359,600

Continent of Europe,

Cochin-China,

Formosa,...

Great Britain,

India and Straits Settlements,... Japan,

Java and other Islands in thè Töðlan

Archipelago, ....................................... Kiaochow..................................................................

Kwanchauwan,

141 14,242 614 42,688 73 200,683 5,774 57,021 126|| 227,724 10,350|| 174,391| 201 363,979 13,409 268,771| 13 19,359 764 11,300

528 375,537 21,929| 81,069

***

16 18,849 7500

9,741

97,171

36 3,590 62

2.370 2,840 30,210 12) 28,625

6

5,390 28

1

1,248 63

22,983 4661 8,440) 292] 55,437 1,193

100

4,125 540

9,155

15

49,222|| 1,753| 5,600 2,303 2,485,329 116,398|| 359,600 89,278 2,958 15,065 78 108,127 3,708) 9,741

...

102,771 13,302|1,870, 18,655 72 74, 101 264,

15,490 6771 42,688

13 2,470 73 200,683 5,774 57,021 *2,840 138 250,707 10,816 174,391 34,335] 207 372,419 13,701|| 268,771|| 29,165

41

74,796 1,957 11,300 14,545

8,

2

7,1

501 95,0

277 515,0

7 7,9

10,

Macao,

5,779

Mauritius,

North and South Pacific,..

Philippine Islands,

Ports in Hainan & G. of Tonquin,

24

Russia in Asia,

31

56 62,596 2.888 40,093 25,607 1,182) 4.342

3,948 118

20,845

5,963

480

Siam,

64

66,479 3,265 25.780

15,730

South America,

936

United States of America,

32

748

Weihaiwei,

TOTAL,...........

3,4813,999,671 184,349,1,196,521 228,681|

1,015 53

27

530 376,550 21,982) 31,069 5,806

502

67,

1

1,

::

:

G

2,

40,574 1,589 6,950 36,624 1,487 4,520

53

89 103,170 4,477 40,098 27,795 62,231| 2,669) 4,342 10,483

44

36,

241 153,

3,948 118

4801

10

10,

19

22 834 1,777 3,773

907

27]

4,470

83

89,313 4,172}

25,780

20,200|

41

45,

613 13 70.697 2,433| 107,861|

7,012 175 5,600, 1,290

7,012 175) 5,600 1,290

241 343,140 11,085 51,792 3,7224,342,811|195,184|1,196,521 280,473 14,7353,268,

2,390 40

936

4 2,

85

74,470 2,497 107,861)

748

40

74,

• ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong from each Country for the Year ending 31st December, 1893.

WITH CARGOES.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST,

TOTAL.

WITH CARGOES,

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

joes.

Cargoes,

Cargoes.

Cargoes.

Vossels.

Tons. Crews.

Transit.

19,820 16 21,436 1,120

Dis- charged. Transit.

10,206 8,783

Venols. Tons. Crews.Į Vasols,

Tons. Crews.

16

Dis- charged

21,436 1,120) 10,206 8,783

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.j

Dis-

Vessels.

Tons.

Crew

Transit.

51

...

18 17

charged Transit.

69,533 3,205 42,791 28.603 19,242 1,044) 23,340

...

50,253) 3,162) 12,726

***

1,699 19

1,699 19

1 1,699

21,280

78,897

93] 224,892] 8,993] 29 24,068 1,038

64,203 9,325

244.431

18

12

2,655

1,711

77

432,971 23 67,049 1,856

29,144 53.766

23

58 120,408 4,200)

112,730 137,725 321 568,356 22,692) 502,859 175.058|

12,812 30

75,600 66,449

1,414

69

67,049 1,856| 60 121,822 4.269

7,841

224

329

32,278 1,005| 47,449

5,200

...

30

1,001 311

481

57,168 9,997)

23,299!

139

15,842 1,786

570

985

51

600

2

139

25

70

139

3,328 9,700

561 48,237 1,805

45,328

8,056)

13)

16,692

620

69

265 178,168 7,721 206,849

26,700

11

100

25

266

6

6,943 368 1,640

160

1,903

80

1,178

17; 1,900

1,489 20

14,999 43

35,624 1,259

68,494

2,000

43

794

891

794

87,516

47

99,836 3,078 75,774

15,857

47

***

225,737 13,982 1,487,026 167,487 625,776 200.467 15,552 918,356 120,907 29,534 2,405,382 285,394 625,776 200,467 15,817 3,422,644 244,663 837,900 426.204 15,74||1,088,826 128,1

53,225 142 148,495] 4,629 208,780

21,280 225 244,482 8,665 341,610 74,505 94 224,910 9,005] 64,203 244,431| 114 278.693 9,976) 84.5701 323 328 32 25,779 1,115| 9,325) 2,655 105 78.994 4,909 27,535 2,655 29.144 53,766 171|| 416,377 10,469|||233,528| 486.737 75,600 66,449 215 392,06717,413|| 295,368) 179,179 576,197 22,916 502,859 175,058) 497 902,204) 35,330| 771,618 312,763

5,200 111 152,986 5,203||260,159| 18.0121

949 414,494 31,095 65,759 985 51 600 189 25!

70 142 144,138 6.667 145,089 290 209,441 9,019) 258,428 6 6,943 368 1,640 1,178j 17 1,900 210 214,404 9,567 339,378

2 1,463 22 121 270,204 8,156 188.173 1 2,047 30 2,000

1,189,460 15,547 3,123,080 237,350 1,998,187 830,862 15,724 968,066 123,870 31,27||4,091,1

361,2201,998,187 830,862,19,969|7,292,911| 402,056|3,938,1432,020,322| 15,936|1,161,072 131,-

Vessels CLEARED in the Colony of Hongkong for each Country for the Year ending 31st December, 1898.

142 148,495 4,629) 208,780|

1,474

18i

i

4,442

22

1,414

9,640 26

32,278 1,005

47,449

1,001 31

1,001

73,010 11,783

23,299!

141

16,448 1,82

985 51

6001

25

701

1

2

1,475

64,929 2,425 46,928

8,056

178,268 7,746| 206,849 8,846 448 1,640

26.700

11.384 36,400

25,388

91

100

160

160

7,658

20

2,667 37

1.900

1,489

35,624 1,259

68,494

2,000

16,999

9

891

961

99,836 3,078

75,774

15,857|

103,373

WITH CARGOES.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

Shipped.

Bunker

Tons. Crews.

Cargoes.

Bunker Vessels.

Coal.

Tons. rews. Coal. Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Shipped.

Cargoes.

Shipped.

Bunker Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Coal.

Cargoes

Bunker Vessels.

Coal.

Tons. Crews.

Bunk

Coal

18,694 1,126) 3,500 910

2,174 43 633 14

13

20,868 1,169 3,500

633

14

910 361

54,330 2,971| 37,700 3.150

4,273 106)

18

21,316 1,072

16)

47,813 3,090

3.715 18,513

5,410

1,525 6,946 125

59

1,474 33

782 27 1,300 ,870,800 188,929||| 957,350 74,058 2,167 49,912 264,739 8,602 74,376 8,578 3761 9,975 7,653 244 8,626

58,326 16,291 566,688 101,404 14.420 89 102,207 3,196 21,985

220

990

782 27 1,300 3,175 29,593 2,437,488 290,333 957,350 15,085| 161 176,265 5,363 49,912 101| 264,789| 8,602 74.376 13 8,578 876 9,975

2201

1

782

271 22.820 990: 52,663

900 1,300{ 220. 61,501|15,5694,306,907 303,5741,316,950 155,497 16.327 29,505 ४४) 92,907 2,917} 59,653 18,010 21,985) 101 264,789 8,602 74,576 21,985

990

27

151

615,910 103,157 8,7 191,485 6,154 30,1

3,860

1,248 63

1

2 7,653 244

8,626

95,675 5,600)

90,248 9,351 17 24,417 500

2,540

67 120,092 6,100 90,248

515,08517,637|| 282,271

34,391 27

49,821 1,505

1,925

304 564,906 19,142 282 271

11,891 36,319

75 208,336 6,018 05,647 2,840 176 323,399 15,950, 264,639) 41,561 478 879,064 31,046 551,042

63,019;

7,926 213 2.950 2,300

5,351 121

305

13)

10,747 248

2,451

1,700

13,277 334 2,950 10,747 248

2,605

20

2,451

1,700

ઠા

27,285 977 10,747 248

14,250 2,451

29 33

7.670 31

47,400 966) 6,0 58,261 1,797 2,1 60,788 1,314

9,4

1,700

...

100

29

148

36

100

29

67,230 11,023

41,916

40

3,540 477

542

70,770 11,500,

148 41,916

361

1

100 1,030 442,76732,952|

29

148

36

75,985

5,779

42

4,553 530

1,553 401

900

2,342 122 1,100

160

153,409 6,728||| 104,259

36,126 1,484) 24,750) 6,736 14

22,334 10,402 306 22,550 1,185 45,809 1,343| 21,332 7,635

2,903 541 4,430]

32

18,099 397, 1,805 32,067 875 2,840

14 14,030 379 2,306

74,055 2,207 102,609

515

1,553 40 2,342 122 1,100 58 49,225 1,863 24,750 273 185,476 7,603 104,259, 10 10.402 306 22,550 55 59,893 1,722 21,332 41 2,903 54 4,430 40) 74,055 2,207|| 102,609

900

1,553 40 160

2342 122 1,100) 8,541 100 98,722 4,372) 64,843 20,174 265 179,016 7,910 108,601|

9001

160)

27,581

47

53,673 1,968|

8.7

28,207

61

68,691 2,362 7,

1,185

13 14,350 424

22,550|

1,665

9,941

105 112,288 4,608

47,112

23,365

33

36,864 1,286

72 144,75% 4,640| 210,470) 1,263 7,01% 175 5,600 1.290

1,777 27

3,773 64

,268,666 248,5051,809,953 183,197 16,532 814,027 105,893 29,98131,2674,082,693| 387,398 1,809,953|| 213,178 18,216|7,268,337|422,8543,006,474|| 411,578 16,773|1,157,167 119,978 81,7

5

516) 67 5,366

515

Country for the Year ending 31st December, 1898.

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Cargoes.

Cargoes.

Cargoes.

Vessola.

Tons. Crews.j

Vemels.

Tons, Crews.

Dis-

Dis-

Vessels.

Tons. Crews. Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Transit. charged

charged Transit.

Dis-

charged. Transit.

16

21,436 1,120

10,206

8,783 61

69,533 3,205 42,791 28,603

51

69,533 3,205 42.791 28,603

18

19,242 1,044) 23,340

18

19,242 1,044| 23,340

17

50,253 3,162| 12,726

17

50,253 3,162 12,726

1,699 19

1 1,699 19

29,534 2,405,382 288,394 625,776

200,467 15,817 3,422,644 244,663 837,000 426.204 15,744 1,088,826 128,112 142 148,495 4,629||208,780| 21,280 225 244,482) 8,665) 344,610| 74,505

1,474 94 224,910 9,005 64,203 244,431 114 278.6931 9,976) 84.570) 323 328

25,779 1,115 9,325

105 78.994 4,909| 27,585 2,655 29,144

171|| 416,377 10,469| 233,528] 486,737| 215 392,067 17,413 295,368|| 179,179 497 902,204 35,630 771,618 312,783 111 152,986 5,203|| 260,159]

5,200

32

23 67,049 1,856

60 121.822 4.269|

75,600

2,655 53,766 66,449

329 576,197 22,916 502,859

175,058

30

32,278 1,005

47,419

1,001 31

570

73,010 11,783|

23,299!

985

51

139 25

6001 701

69

64,929 2,425

45,328

8,056

266

178,268 7,746| 206,849|

26.700

8,846 448 1,640

160

2,667 37

1.900

43

35,624 1,259

68,494

794

891

47 99,836 3,078|

75,774

$2,000

15,857

...

69 251

1 1,699 19

1,561 1,511,470 372,775 837,900 426,204 226 245,956 8,696 344.610 74,505 115 278,711 9.988 84,570 323,528 112 83,436 5,130 27,535 2,655 171 416,377 10,469 233,528, 486,737 217 393,48117,482 295,368 179,179 506 911,844 35,581 771,618 312,783 111 152,986 5,203 260,159

1,001 31 1,090|| 430,942| 32,924|

18

4,442

31 12 221

1,414 9,610

18.012

18,012

11

1,001 31

65,759

141

16,448 1,829

65,759

51 25

600

985

51

600

70

1

1,475

23

3 1,614 481

70

11,384 36,400;

160

21

25,388

100

988 25

165 169,526 7,655 145,089)

11.384

36,400

7,658

206!

160

1,489

201

16,999

949 414,494 31,095

2

985

139

142 144,138 6.667|| 145,089| 290 209,441 9,019 258,428

6 6,948 368 1,640

}

1,178 17 1,900

210 214,404 9,567|| 339,378

2 1,463 22

961

124 270,204 8,156 188.173 103,373

2,047 30 2,000

1

291 209,541 9,044 258,428; 11 14,601 574 1,640 2 2,667 37 1,900 210 214,404 9,567 339,378 16,999

2 1,463 22

961 124 270,204 8,156) 188,173 103,373

1 2,047 30 2,000

31,271 4,091,146 361,2201,998,187 830,862}19,969|7,292,91 || 402,056|3,938,143|2,020,322| 15,936|1,161,072) 131,-37 35,005 8,453,983 540,893 3,938,143|2,020,322

ntry for the Year ending 31st December, 1898.

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Tons. Crews.

Shipped.

Cargoes.

Shipped.

Shipped.

Bunker Vessels. Tons. Crews,

Coal.

Cargoes

Bunker Vesocio. Tons. Crews.

Bunker Coal.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Cargoes.

Coal.

Bunker Coal.

14

20,868 1,169) 3,500, 910

633

36

54.330 2,971 37,700

3.150

18

21,316 1,072 3,715

5,410

16

47,813 3,090 18,513

4,273 106 1,52. 6,946

...

59

391 3101 211

58,603 3,077| 37,700 3,150 22.841 1.131 3,715

5,750

125j.

900 21]

54,759 3,215|

18.513

900

100

29!

70,770 11,500

1,553 40

990

782 27 1,300 437,488 290,335 957,850 176,265 5,363Į 49,912 264,739 8,602 74.376 8,578 376 9,975 7,653 2441 8,626, 120,092 6,100) 90,248 11,891) 564,506 19,142|| 282:271 36,319 13,277 334 2.950, 2,605 10,747 248

2,451

1,700 148

36 44,916

1

900

1,474 33 9001 220

782 27 1,300 61,501 15,569 4,306,907 303,574 1,316,950 29,505 88 92,907 2,917 59,653 21,985 101 264,789 8,602 74,876 27 22,820 990 52,663 75 208,336 6,018 65,647 176 323,399 15,950, 264,639) 478 879,064 31,046 551,042 20 27,285 977 14,250 8 10,747 248 2,451

100 29 1,030 442,767 32,952

1,553 401

1,474 331

900

220 155,497 16,327

18,010 1511 21,985

615,910 103,157 191,485 6,154

***

...

782 271 1,300

8,775 31,896 4,922,817 406,731 1,316,950|| 164,272 30,150 239 284,392 9,071 59,653 48,160 10 264,739 8,602 74,376| 21,985

220

3,360

1,248

63

100

28

29

2,840 41,561

47,400 966 63,019 33 58,261 1,797 7,670, 31 60,788 1,314 1,700

24,068 1,053 52,663|| 3,460 75 208,336 0.018 65,647

2,840

6,665

205 370,799 16,916 264,639

46.226

2,465 9,460

511 937,325 32,843 551,042

65,484

51

88,073 2.291|

14,250

17,150

10,747 218, 2,451

1,700

148

36

100 29

148

36

75,985

5,779

42

4,553 530

27 1,072 447,320 33,482|||||75,985

5,806

9001

2,342 122 1,100

49,225 1,863 24,750 8,541

160

6

5342 122 1,100

160

::

:..

1,553 40

900

185,476 7,603 104.259|

20,174

10.402 3061 22,550

59,893 1,722 21,332

9,941

100 98,722 4,372| 64,843 27,581 265 179,016 7,910 108,601| 1,185 13 14,350 424 22,550 105 112,288 4,608 47,112

28,297

47 53,673 1,968 68,691 2,362

8,755

6 2,342 122 1,100.

147 152,395 6,340. 64,843, 36,336

160

7,360

326 247,707 10,272 108,601

35.657

1,665

23,365

2,903 54 4,430

5 5,516 67 5,366

74,055 2,207 102,609

515

72 144,752 4,640 210,470

1,263

33 36,864 1,286 1,777 27 3,773) 64

6,776

13 14.350 424 22,550 1,665 138 149,152 5,891 47,112 30,141

6 5,293 94 5,366

75 148.525 4,704 210.470|

1,263

7,01% 175 5,6001 1.290)

4 7,012 175 3,600 1,290

,082,693|357,398 1,809,953|| 213,175|18,2167,268,337|482,8543,006,474 411,878 16,7781,157,167 119,978 81,773 34,989 8,425,504 532,832 3,006,474 493,651

241

V.-NUMBER, TONNAGE and CREWS of Vessels of each Nation ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong

in the Year 1898.

ENTERED.

NATIONALITY

OF

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

VESSELS.

Vessels. Tons.

Crews. Vessels.

Tons. Crews. Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

American,

Austrian,

8885

86

25

67,833 66,159

2,488 1,552

27

18,965

552

113

86,798

3,040

25

66,159

1,552

Belgian,

1

2,174

43

1

2,174

43

British,

3,522 | 4,169,831

4,169,831

171,705

212

193,006

7,967

3,734 | 4,362,837 |179,673

Chinese,

156

192,975

8,796

57

69,860 3,264

213

262,835 12,060

Chinese Junks,

14,015

1,090,270

1,090,270

160,132

15.451

724,011114,174

29,466

1,814,281 | 274,306

Danish,

65

41,420

1,668

4

2,007

89

69

43,427 1,757

Dutch,

6

8,839

223

6

8,839

223

French,

157

176,241

12,600

1

100

25

158

176,341

12,625

German,

614

789,478

25,814

132

108,534

4,253

746

898,012

30,067

Hawaiian,

7

13,855

508

7

13,855

508

Italian,

14

19,789

1,033

14

19,789 1,033

Japanese,

239

501,783

17,816

1

835

37

240

502,618

17,853

Norwegian,

158

149,369

4,496

49

41,242

1,386

207

190,611

5,882

Russian,.

Siamese,

Spanish,

212

3,898

111

2

3,898

111

309

14

1

309

14

862

99

338

47

3

1,200

146

TOTAL,......

19,069 7,292,911 409,056 15,936 1,161,072

1,161,072 131,837

35,005 8,453,983 540,893

VI.-NUMBER, TONNAGE and CREWS of Vessels of each Nation CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong

in the Year 1898.

CLEARED.

NATIONALITY

WITH CARGoes.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

OF

VESSELS.

Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels.

Tons.

Crews. Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

American,

Austrian,

108 78,376 2,829 25 66,159 1,518

10

I

Belgian,

1

...

British,

3,481

3,999,671 | 184,349

241

Chinese,

203

253,118 11,310

Chinese Junks,

13,165

1,271,236

172,895 | 16,305

14,360 777 2,174 343,140 7,714 541,237

437

118

92,736 3,266

9

26

66,236

43 11,085 409 100,793

1

2,174

1,527 43

211

29,470

3,722 | 4,342,811

4,342,811195,434

260,832 11,719

1,812,473273,688

Danish,

66

42,009

1,579

2

1,015

46

68

43,024 1,625

Dutch,

2

3,644

French,

156

175,455

41 12,475

4

5,195

144

6

8,839

185

156

175,455

12,475

German,

631

764,711

23,891

109

126,852

3,440

740

891,563

27,331

Hawaiian,

7

13,855

514

7

13,855

514

Italian,

14

19,789

1,054

14

...

19,789

1,054

Japanese,

203

434,117

15,935

38

68,720 2,163

241

502,837

18,098

Norwegian,

149

140,599

4,198

54 46,683

1,409

203

187,282

5,598

Russian,

2

3,898

110

2

3,898

110

Siamese,

1

309

15

1

309

15

Spanish,

3

1,391

150

:

3

1,391

150

TOTAL,......... 18,216 7,268,337 432,854 16,773 1,157,167 119,978

34,989 | 8,425,504 | 552,832

242

VII.—Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers and Cargo of Junks ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong,

from Ports on the Coast of China, and Macao, during the Year ending 31st December, 1898.

CARGO.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Ves-

Tons. Crews.

crews.

sels.

East Coast,. San On Dis- trict, West

2,579

10,752

199,787| 22,340|

810,210 124,870 78,163

Cargo Passen-

Ves- Discharged. gers.

Tons. sels.

372

West Coast,

Macao,

253

431

23,105 2,925

82

49

57,168 9,997

22

Tons. Crews. Passen- Ves- gers. sels.

184,285 704 31,673 4,876 66 3,283 231,460 27,216

329,207 14,338 662,459 104,610 42,038 $25,090 1,472,669 229,480 120,201 329,207

12,863 274 16,476 3,014

527 39,581 5,939 131 12,863

23,299 135 13,403 1,674

3 566 70,571 11,671

Tons. Crews,

l'assen- Icrews

gers.

Cargo Discharged. Tons.

438 184,285

*

25 23,299

Total,... 14,0151,090,270 160,132 78,639 549,654|15,451 | 724,011 114,174 42,156 | 29,4661,814,281 274,306 120,795 549,654

* Including 9,350 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 204,920 tons and 46,812 Crews.

VIII.-Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers and Cargo of Junks CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong,

for Ports on the Coast of China, and Macao, during the Year ending 31st December, 1898.

Cargo.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Ves- sels.

Tons. Crews.

Passen- Cargo Ves-

Shipped. gers. Tons. sels.

Tons. Crews.

Passen- Ves-

gers.

sels.

Tons. Crews.

Passen- Cargo

gers.

Shipped. Tons.

East Coast......

1,167

61,898 9,145

512

San On Dis-

trict, West

River, &c.,

West Coast,

Macao,

500

3411 23,727 3,696

65,966 10,974

Total,... 13,165 1,271,236,172,895 121,540 765,280 16,305 541,237|100,793

120

26,025 2,007 148,600 16,427

11,157 1,119,645 149,080 120,885 678,244 14,101 377,730 82,134

16,095 159 12,821 1,840

23 44,916 38 2,086 392

0,793

78

3,174 210,498 25,572|| 590 26,025

3,113 25,258 1,497,375 231,214 123,998 678,244

15

500

36,548 5,536 135 16,095

3

538 68,052 11,366| 26 44,916

3,209 29,470 1,812,473 273,668 124,749 765,280

* Including 9,350 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 204,920 tons and 46,812 Crews.

IX.-Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers and Cargo of Junks ENTERED at each Port in the Colony

of Hongkong (exclusive of Local Trade), during the Year ending 31st December, 1898.

CARGO.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Ves- sels.

Tons. Crews.

l'assen- Cargo Ves-

Discharged. gers.

Tons. sels.

Tons. Crews.

Passen-Ves- gers. sels.

Tons. Crews.

Passen- Cargo

Discharged. gers.

Tons.

Aberdeen,..

iiunghôm,....

571 944

Shaukiwán, ... 360

17,730 3,478 23,166 5,157| 8,671 2,254

164

139

Stanley,.....

155

50

10,403 110 2,121 575 18,694 279 13,944 2,080| 4,756 371 17,954 2,917| 2,364 54 1,178 374

Victoria,

Yaumáti,

681 19,851 4,053 180 10,403 1,223 37,110 7,237|

18,694 7311 26,625 5,171

154 4,756 3,210 8981

2091 4,388, 1,272

2,364 10,028 798,099 126,637 78,143 | 309,403 12,625 459,809 86,341 41,992 22,653 1,257,908 212,978 120,135 309,403

1,957 239,394 21,708 143 204,034 2,012 229,005 | 21,887

3,969 468,399) 43,595| 276 204,034

16

15

50

...

*

***

133

Total,... 14,015 1,090,270160,132 78,639 | 549,654 15,451 | 724,011|114,174 42,156 29,466|1,814,281274,306|120,795 | 549,654

* Including 9,350 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 204,920 tons and 46,812 Crews.

X.—Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers and Cargo of Junks CLEARED at each Port in the Colony

of Hongkong (exclusive of Local Trade), during the Year ending 31st December, 1898.

243

Cargo.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Ves-

Passen-

Tons. Crews.

sels.

gers.

Cargo Ves- Shipped.

Tons. sels.

Tons. Crews.

Passen- Ves- gers. sels.

Tons. Crews.

Crews. Passen-

Cargo Shipped.

gers.

Tons.

Aberdeen,

168

6,489 1,199

160

2,174 513

13,363 2,854

20

681

19,852 4,053

180

2,174

Hunghom,...

217

11,141 1,503

9,509 1,006

25,421|| 5,561

40

1,223

36,562 7,064

40

9,509

Shaukiwán, ...

404

19,593 3,209

113

16,088 315

6,940 1,848

29

Stanley,...

99

2,957 731

50

Victoria,

10,199

950,822 141,923 121,147

2,114 496,558 12,470

110

1,432 554

*

305,916 70,896

Yaumáti,

2,078

280,234 24,330

70

238,837 1,891

188,165 19,080|

2,914 206

719 26,533 5,057 209 4,389 1,285 22,669 1,256,738 212,819 124,061 3,969 468,399 43,410 276

142

16,088

50

2,114

496,558

238,837

Total,... 13,165 1,271,236|172,895| 121,540

765,280 16,305 765,280 16,305

541,237 100,793|

541,237 100.793 3,209 29,4701,812,473 273,688 124,749 765,280

* Including 9,350 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 201,920 tons and 46,812 Crews.

XI.-Return of Junks (Local Trade) ENTERED at the Port of Victoria from the Out-stations of the Island and

the Villages of British Kaulung, during the Year ending 31st December, 1898.

CARGO.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Ves- sels.

Cargo Passen- Tons. Crews.

Discharged.

gers.

Ves- Tons. sels.

Tons. Crews. Passen- Ves- gers. sels.

Passen- Tons. Crews.

gers.

Cargo Discharged. Tons.

Victoria,

3,575 155,467 | 49,559|

1,501 139,597 1,235 38,824 | 10,769 2,613 4,810 194,291 | 60,328||

4,114 | 139,597

Total,... 3,575 155,467 49,559 1,501 139,597 1,235 38,824 10,769 2,613 | 4,810 194,291 60,328

4,114 | 139,597

XII.-Return of Junks (Local Trade) CLEARED at the Port of Victoria for the Out-stations of the Island and

the Villages of British Kaulung, during the Year ending 31st December, 1898.

Cargo.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Ves- sels.

Tons. Crews. Passen-

gers.

Cargo Ves- Shipped.

Tons. sels.

gers. sels.

Tons. Crews. Passen- Ves- Tons. Crews.

Passen- gers.

Cargo

Shipped.

Tons.

Victoria,

1.595 45,832 13,733 3,119 8,789

3,230| 146,170 | 46,493|

458 4,825 192,002 | 60,226

3,577

8,789

Total,... 1,595 45,832 13,733 3,119 8,789 3,230 146,170 | 46,493|

458 4,825 192,002 | 60,226|

3,577

8,789

244

XIII-SUMMARY,

FOREIGN TRADE.

No. OF VESSELS.

TONS.

CREWS.

A

British ships entered with Cargoes,

3,522

Do.

do. in Ballast,

212

4,169,831 193,006

171,706

7,967

Total,......

3,734

4,362,887

179,673

British ships cleared with Cargoes,

3,481

3,999,671

184,349

Do.

do. in Ballast,

241

343,140

11,085

Total,.......

3,722

4,342,811

195,434

Total British ships entered and cleared,.............

Foreign ships entered with Cargoes,

7,456

8,705,648

375,107

1,532

2,032,810

77,218

Do.

do.

in Ballast,....

273

244,055

9,696

Total,.....

1,805

2,276,865

86,914

Foreign ships cleared with Cargoes,

1,570

1,997,430

75,610

Do.

do. in Ballast,......

227

272,790

8,100

Total,......

1,797

2,270,220

83,710

Total Foreign ships entered and cleared,

3,602

4,547,085

170,624

Junks entered with Cargoes,

Do. do. in Ballast,

14,015

1,090,270

160,132

15,451

724,011

114,174

Total,.........

29,466

1,814,281

274,306

Junks cleared with cargoes,

Do.

do. in Ballast,

13,165 1,271,236

172,895

16,305

541,237

100,793

Total,.......

29,470

1,812,473

273,688

Total Junks entered and cleared,

58,936

3,626,754

547,994

Total of all Vessels entered,

35,005

8,453,983

540,893

Total of all Vessels cleared,

34,989

8,425,504

552,832

Total of all Vessels in Foreign Trade, entered and cleared,

69,994 16,879,487

1,093,725

LOCAL TRADE.

Total Junks entered,......

Do. cleared,.....

Total of all Vessels in Local Trade, entered and cleared,....

Do.

all

Total of all Vessels in Foreign Trade, entered and cleared,

do. Local Trade, entered and cleared,

Grand Total of all Vessels entered and cleared,

4,810

194,291

60,328

4,825

192,002

60,226

9,635

386,293

120,554

69,994

9,635

16,879,487 386,293

1,093,725

120,554

79,629 17,265,780

1,214,279

XIV.-RETURN of Licensed Steam-Launches for the Year ending 31st December, 1898.

ENTERED.

CLEARED.

245

PLACES.

Vessels. Tonnage. Crews. Passengers.

dis-

Cargo

charged Tons.

Cargo

Vessels. Tonnage. Crews. Passengers. Shipped

Tons.

Within the Waters

of the Colony,... 77,198 2,111,130 563,682 2,171,904

77,183 2,110,812 563,673 2,173,225

Total, 77,198 2,111,130563,682 2,171,904

77,183 2,110,812 563,673 2,173,225

Within the Local

Trade Limits,

9,425

254,325 70,811 198,893

Total,......

9,425

254,325 70,811 198,893

:

9,425

251,325 70,811 194,103

9,425

254,325 70,811 194,103

Outside the Local

:..

Trade Limits.

Sam Shui,

Kong Mun,.

258

13,108 4,745

14,091 1,985

258

13,108 4,745

15,373 6,999

Kam Cheuk,

Wu Chow,

54

Macao,..

233

1,944 12,283

Other Places,

59

1,140

460 5,126 396

54

6,097 901

233

59

1,944 12,233 1,140

460 5,126

6,281

2,059

396

Total,...... 604 28,425 10,727

20,188 2,886

604

28,425

10,727 21,654

9,058

Grand Total,..

87,227 2,393,880 |645,220 | 2,390,985 | 2,886 87,212

87,212 | 2,393,562 645,211 | 2,388,982

9,058

XV.-RETURN of VESSELS REGISTERED at the Port of Hongkong, during the Year 1898.

Name of Vessel.

Official Number.

Regis- tered Tonnage.

Horse Power.

Rig.

Built of

Where built and when.

Remarks.

West York,...

Shing Lung,

74,496 706 107,021

Jacob Christensen, (str.)| 107,022

85 1,338

Kwai Lum, str.,

107,023

78

Sabine Rickmers, (str.) 107,024

690

104

Barque Lorchia 160 Schooner 24 Schooner

Schooner Steel

Iron

Sunderland, Durbam, 1876. Wood Canton, China, 1897. Iron Middlesbro', 1881. Wood Hongkong, 1897.

Foreign name" Shing Lung."

Foreign name “Jacob Christensen."

Coronation, (str.)

107,025

138

65

Schooner

Gem,

Taganac, (str.)

Kong Nam, (str.)

107,026 138 107,027 67 107,028 485

Lorcha

Wood Hongkong, 1896.

20

Schooner Wood

48

None

Geestemund, Bremerhaven, 1894. Foreign name "Sabine Rickmers." Steel Kowloon, 1898.

Mongkok, Hongkong, 1898. Wood Hunghom, British Kowloon, 1898.

Foreign name "Gem."

XVI.—RETURN of REGISTRIES of VESSELS cancelled at the Port of Hongkong, during the Year 1898.

Name of Vessel.

Official Number.

Regis- tered Tonnage.

Date of Horse Registry. Power.

Rig.

Built of

Where built and when.

Reason of Cancellation.

Zafiro, (str.)..

88,829 675

1885

184

Schooner Steel Aberdeen, Scotland, 1884

Pasig, (str.)

58,335 305

1886

48

Schooner Iron

Sabah, (str.)

95,865

42

1894

24

None

Pelican, (str.)

84,933 1,399

1897

270

Schooner

Iron

Glasgow, 1867.

Wood Hongkong, 1894.

Glasgow, 1882.

Sold to Foreigners. Sold to Foreigners. Wrecked.

Lost.

Kutsing,

107,006

43

1897

Lorcha

Wood Macao, 1887.

Manon,

107,012

64

1897

None

...

Wood Canton, 1897.

Ching Po, (str.)

107,013

55

1897

40

None

Wood Foochow, 1885.

Castle Peak,

107,015

98

1897

Lorcha

Kam Un Fat,

107,017

99

1897

Lorcha

Jacob Christensen, (str.) ..| 107,022

1,338

1898

160

Schooner

Coronation, (str.). 107,025

138

1898

65

Gem,

107,026

138

1898

Wood Honam, Canton, 1897. Wood Macao, Unknown. Iron Middlesbro', 1881. Schooner Steel Kowloon, 1898. Lorcha Wood Hongkong, 1896.

Registered anew at Sydney, N.S.W. Sold to Foreigners.

Sold to Foreigners. Sold to Foreigners.

Sold to Foreigners.

Sold to Foreigners.

Sold to Foreigners.

Sold to Foreigners.

246

XVII.-SUMMARY of CHINESE EMIGRATION from HONGKONG to Ports other than in China,

during the Year ending 31st December, 1898.

BRITISH VESSELS.

FOREIGN VESSELS.

GRAND TOTAL.

WHITHER Bound.

Adults.

Children.

Adults. Children.

Adults.

Children.

Total.

Total:

Total.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M. F M. F.

M. F.

J.

F.

To Bangkok, Siam,

52

...

52

52

52

,, Bombay, India,

44

44

44

44

,, Honolulu, Sandwich Islands,

1,503 166

62) 1,790)

3321

41 21

11

405 1,835

207

80

73

2,195

,, Japanese Ports,

50

50

50

50

,, Mauritius,

801

806

801

806

>>

Straits Settlements,

,, Portland, Oregon,

San Francisco, U.S.A.,

,, Tacoma, U.S.A.,

Vancouver, British Columbia,

,, Victoria,

2211

2211

221

201

4,111

28

53

5 4,197 1,663 17 35

1,721 5,774 45

88

11

5,918

29,350 4,504|

932 510 35,365; 8,0331,538 253|| 191|10,01537,392 6,102|| 1,185

701

45,380

443

443

28

28 471

471

3,605

Dong

TOTAL PASSENGERS,

1,657

3,605 1,657

33

3,605 33 1,600

3,605

1,690

}

40,899 4,758 1,044 577 47,278 11,0361,600 310| |208|13,15451,935 6,358 1,351||

Total Passengers by British Vessels,

785

6.),432

Total Passengers by Foreign Vessels,

Excess of Passengers by British Vessels, .

40,899 4,758 1,044

11,036 1,60O 310 208 13,154

29,863 3,158 734 369 34,124

577

47,278

XVIII.--SUMMARY of CHINESE IMMIGRATION to HONGKONG from Ports other than China,

during the Year ending 31st December, 1898.

BRITISH VESSELS.

FOREIGN VESSELS.

GRAND TOTAL.

WHERE FROM.

Adults.

Children,

Adults. Children.

Adults.

Children,

Total.

Total.

Total.

M. F. M. F

M. F M. F

From Bangkok, Siam,.

1,374

:

1,374

"

Callao, Peru,

35

278 35 120

M.

278 1,652

F M. F.

1,652

120

155

155

*?

Honolulu, Sandwich Islands,

1,243

29

19 15 1,306

293

5

10

308 1,536

38 24 16

1,614

"

Mauritius,

202

202

202

202

Melbourne,.

311

311

59

59

370

37

370

New South Wales...

463

463

16

16

"1

479

479

"

New Zealand Ports,

64

64

71

71

"

Portland, Oregon,

78

78

78

78

Queensland Ports........

353

3531

46

??

San Francisco, U.S.A...

2,881

54

43

42 3,020 1,576| 46

:88

46

399

33

31 1,686

4,457

100

:2

399

76

73

4,706

"

Seattle, U.S.A..

24

24

24

...

24

37

South Australian l'orts,

121

3 132

121

3

132

"

Straits Settlements,

68,952 2,480

844

360 72,636 18,554 786 230 134 19,704 87,5063,266 1,074 494

92,340

""

Sumatra,

321

321

321

321

·་

Tacoma, U.S.A.,

635

2

642

...

635

4

2

642

Tasmania,

4

4

4

1:

Vancouver. British Columbia,

1,999

16

15

7 2,037

""

Victoria, British Columbia.....

215

215

1,999 215

16

15

2,037

215

TOTAL PASSENGERS,

78,752 2,587 927

594 105,441

428 82,694 21,472 841 268 166 22,747 100,224 3,428 | 1,195

Total Passengers by British Vessels,..

Total Passengers by Foreign Vessels,

Excess of Passengers by British Vessels,.

78.752 2,587 927 428 82,694

21,472 841 268 166 22,747

57,280 1,746 659 262 59,947

1

1.

XIX.-RETURN of MARINE CASES tried at the MARINE MAGISTRATE'S COURT, during the Year 1898.

DEFENDANTS HOW DISPOSED of.

NATURE OF CHARGE.

Absent from ship without leave,

Anchoring in prohibited place (Junks),.

Assault,

Damaging Ship's property,

Exporting Gunpowder in excess of Permit,

Leaving Junk anchorage without permit (Junk), Leaving without Clearance (Junk),

Refusal of duty,...................

Total,..

No. of Cases.

No. of Defendants.

Imprisoned with Hard

Labour.

Fined.

Forfeiture

of Gun-

powder.

manded.

Repri-

Sent back to

duty.

Dismissed.

1

1

1

7

14

14

...

2.

1

1

1

14

31

32

65

19 15

25

31

16

1

247

Amount of Fines.

$

明:

52

10

5

4

Co

6

5

6

62

XXI.—STATEMENT of the REVENUE collected at the Harbour Department, during the Year 1898.

Head of Receipt.

Amount.

$

cts.

Steam Launch Licences, &c., Ordinance 26 of 1891,

1. Light Dues, Ordinance 26 of 1891,

2. Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise specified :-

Chinese Passenger Ship Licences, Ordinance 1 of 1889, Emigration Brokers' Licences, Ordinance 1 of 1889,

Fines,

Junk Licences, &c., Ordinance 26 of 1891,.

3. Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes and Re-imbursements-in-

51,645.15

310.00

800.00

62.00

29,354.00

990.00

aid :--

Cargo-boat Certificates, Ordinance 26 of 1891,

2,170.00

Discharge of Crews and Seamen, Ordinance 26 of 1891,

10,175.40

Examination of Masters and Engineers of Launches, Ordinance 26 of 1891,

252.50

Examination of Masters, Mates and Engineers, Ordinance 26 of 1891,

1,675.00

Gunpowder, Storage of, Ordinance 26 of 1891,

12,627.21

Medical Examination of Emigrants, Ordinance 1 of 1889,

18,794.50

Printed Forms, Sale of, Harbour Regulations and Tide Tables,

Private Moorings and Buoys, Rent, Ordinance 26 of 1891,

Registry Fees (Merchant Shipping Act) Ordinance 26 of 1891,

372.00 2,970.00

481.00

Shipping Crews and Seamen, Ordinance 26 of 1891,

Steam Launches, Surveyors' Certificates, Ordinance 26 of 1891,

Survey of Steam-ships, Ordinance 26 of 1891,

Sunday Cargo-Working Permits, Ordinance 6 of 1891,

Engagement and Discharge on board ship, Overtime Fees, C.S.O. 1762 of 97

Total,.......

11,105.20

1,710.00

10,924.05

25,925.00

1,285.00

.$ | 183,628.01

XXII.-RETURN of WORK performed by the GOVERNMENT MARINE SURVEYOR'S Department.

Remarks.

Years.

Passenger Certificate and

Inspection of Bottom.

1888,

161

1889,

130

1890,

112

1891,

108

1892,

122

1893.

136

1894,

124 62

1895,

102

1896,

142

1897,

158

1898,

164

***FONI Emigration.

Tonnage for

British Tonnage

Foreign Vessels. Certificate for

Inspection of Crew space, Lights and

Markings.

Minor Inspec- tion.

Survey of Licen-

Steam-launches. sed Passenger

Survey of Boilers under Construction.

Inspection of Government

Launches.

Examination of Engineers.

Examination of

neers for Steam- Chinese Engi-

launches.

Number of Visits in

Estimated Total

connection with Fore-

going Inspection.

97

9

73

4

717

38

51

74

4

17

64

5

68

6

79

24

83

10

Co do ta ma o co — co 20 00 1

}

4

2

80

1

CO

6

42

36

1042

3

4

1

80

1

39

36

1127

3

84

1

1

73

3

16 44

1

85

10

16

9

1

94

20

19

5

2

116

11

28

7

1

98

18

34

3

1

::

97

20

37 77

1

109

41

85 96

121

61

26 72

CERCANON

61

19

986

19

1615

60

96

1678

61

25

1659

54

18

1364

57

24

1452

66

1409

51

1631

48

1729

;

248

XXIII-IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OFFICE.

IMPORTS.

MALWA.

PATNA.

BENARES.

PERSIAN.

TURKISH.

CHINESE.

TOTAL.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

1897, 1898,.

6,167

18,517

7,550

5,134

8

327

37,708

7,483

19,631

7,819

4.891

31

31

39,3921

Increase, ......1,316

1,114

23

2,4531

Decrease,..

236

240

293

769

1897, 1898,

EXPORTS.

MALWA.

PATNA.

BENARES.

PERSIAN.

TURKISH.

CHINESE.

TOTAL.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

chests.

5,964

17,509

7,216

4,790

2

327

35,808

6,895

18,236

7,721

4,905

37

34

37,828

Increase, Decrease, .....

......

9314

727

505

115

35

2,313

:

293

293

Through Cargo reported in Manifests but not landed, 1897,

..13,739 chests.

.15,482

Increase,..

1,743 "1

NUMBERS OF PERMITS, &c., ISSUED.

1897.

1898.

Increase.

Decrease.

Landing Permits...

398

341

Removal Permits,

8,252

8,324

Export Permits,..

6,466

6,518

Permits to Chinese Customs' Station, Samsuipoo,

135

99

:29:

57

72

52

36

Memo. of Exports to the Commissioner of Chinese

Customs, Kowloon,

564

545

19

Memo. of Exports to the Superintendent of Raw

Opium Department, Macao,

180

299

119

SUMMARY OF EXPORTS, 1898.

Malwa Patna Benares Persian Turkish Chinese Total chests. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests.

Total in piculs.

By Steamers to Amoy,

Bagdad,

61

1,588 1,103

:

2,752

3,097.175

3

3

8.075

British Columbia,

British North Borneo,

457

457

548.4

17

27

44

48.075

Bunder Abbas,

Bushire,

Canton,

Chefoo,

8

8.2

3

3.075

Formosa,

Foochow,.....

Haiphong,.

Hankow, Hoihow,

London,.

....

Macao,...

696 3,388

833

1,181

1,082

350

556

2,771

90

35

34

6

189

41

4,598

:

4,917

5,761.2

8

8.6

3,169

3,469.3

10

34

2,807

2,876 275

90

108.

75

83.

530

636.

3

12

12.225

Merida (Yucatan),

: :

37

10

4,645

5,579.

1

1.025

New York,

5

5

5.

Pakhoi,

15

91

106

127.2

Panama,

37

16

55

62.8

Philippine Islands,.

444

387

831

997.2

Shanghai,

3,205

5,611

3,499

21

12,336

14,158.525

Straits Settlements,

1

1

262

15

Swatow,.....

1,516

1,943

775

120

279 4,354

285.95

4,900.6

By Junks to various adjacent Ports in China,

1961

137

5

369.625

Total,......

6,895 18,236

7,721

4,905

37

34 37,828 43,142.525

The information in Column 8 is on the following assumption:-

Patua and Benares, per chest,

Malwa, Turkish and Chinese, per chest, Persian, per chest,.

..1.20 piculs.

...1. .....025" .......1.025

""

TAFOT

DIAGRAM of Tonnage entered at Hongkong, from 1867 to 1898, inclusive. RED LINE represents British Shipping Tonnage only.

1871.

1872.

1878.

1874.

1875.

1876.

1877.

BLUE LINE represents Foreign Shipping Tonnage only.

GREEN LINE represents British and Foreign Shipping Tonnage. YELLOW LINE represents Junk Tonnage only, excluding Local Trade.

THICK BLACK LINE

represents entire

Trade

in

British and Foreign Ships and Junks.

1878.

1879.

1880.

1881.

1882.

1883.

1884.

1885.

1886.

1887.

*8381

1889.

1890.

1891.

1892.

1893.

1894.

1895.

1896.

1897.

1898.

TONS.

8,500,000

8,400,000

8,300,000

8,200,000

8,100,000

8,000,000

7,900,000

7,800,000

7,700,000

7,600,000

7,500,000

7,400,000

7,200,000

7,100,000

7,000,000

6,900,000

6,800,000

6,700,000

6,600,000

A

7,200,000.

7,100,000

7,000,000

6,900,000

6,800,000

6,700,000

6,600,000

6,500,000

6,400,000

6,300,000

6,200,000

6,100,000

6,000,000

5,900,000

5,800,000

5,700,000

5,600,000

5,500,000

5,400,000

5,300,000

5,200,000

5,100,000

5,000,000

4,900,000

4,500,000

4,700,000

4,600,000

4,500,000

4,400,000

4,300,000

4,200,000

4,100,000

4,000,000

3,900,000

3,800,000

3,700,000

3,600,000

3,000,000

3,500,000

3,400,000

3,300,000

3,200,000

3,100,000

3,000,000

2,900,000

2,800,000

2,700,000

2,600,000

2,500,000

2,400,000

2,300,000

2,200,000

2,100,000

2,000,000

1,900,000

1,800,000

1,700,000

1,600,000

1,500,000

1,400,000

1,300,000

1,200,000

1,100,000

1,000,000

900,000

800,000

700,000

600,000

500,000

400,000

300,000

249

8,500,000

8.400,000

8,300,000.

8,200,000-

8,100,000

8,000,000

7.900,000...

7,800,000

7,700,000.

7,000,000.

7,500,000-

7,400,000

7x300,000mp

7,200,000

7,100,000

7,000,000

6,900,000

6,800,000

6,700,000

6,600,000.

6,500,000

6,400,000

6,300,000

6,200,000

6,100,000

TONS.

1867.

1868.

1869.

1870.

1871.

1872.

1873.

XX,-DIAGRAM of Tonnage entered at Hongkong, from 1867 to 1898, inclusiv

RED LINE represents British Shipping Tonnage only.

BLUE LINE represents Foreign Shipping Tonnage only,

GREEN LINE represents British and Foreign Shipping Tonnage.

YELLOW LINE represents Junk Tonnage only, excluding Local Trade.

THICK BLACK LINE represents entire Trade in British and Foreign Ships and Junl

1874.

1875.

1876.

1877.

1878.

1879.

1880.

1881.

1882.

1883.

1884.

1885.

1886.

1887.

1888.

1889.

1890.

1891.

1892.

1893.

1894.

6,000,000

5,900,000.

5,800,000

5,700,000

5,600,000

5,500,000

5,100,000.

5,300,000__|

-5,200,000

3,100,000...

5,000,000.

4,900,000

4,800,000.

-4-700,000

4,600,000

~4,400,000.

4,300,000

-4,200,000.

4, 100,000

4,900,000

3,900,000

-3,800,000

3,700,000

3,600,000

3,500,000

3,400,000

3.30J, JOO

-3,200,000.

-3,122,222-

3,000,000

2,900,000

-2,802,000.

2.709,000.

2,600,000

2,500,000

|–2,400,000..

–3,200,000.

V

3,102,020

...3,000,000

2,900,000

2,802,002

2.709,000

2,600,000

2,500,000

-K4QQ, OQQ

2.300,000

12,200,000

2,100,000

2,000,000

1,900,000.

1,800,000

1,700,000

1,692,000

1,502,000

+4QQQQQ

~~~1,300,000~

|1,200,000.

1,100,000

1000, 200

920,000

-800,000 i

700,002

600,000

ས་ འ ས ས ས ། ་ ་ ་ ་ ་ ་ ཤ ་ ཤ ་་ ་ ་ ་ ་ ་ ་

400,000

300,000

No. 1.

93

REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

STANDING LAW COMMITTEE,

AT A MEETING HELD IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER, HONGKONG, On the 16th February, 1899.

PRESENT:

The Honourable the Acting Attorney General, (HENRY EDWARD POLLOCK), Chairman.

}}

"

""

>>

JAMES JARDINE BELL-IRVING.

Dr. Ho KAI, M.A.

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G. WEI YUK.

I, HENRY EDWARD POLLOCK, Acting Attorney General, Chairman of the Standing Law Committee do hereby certify that the Standing Law Committee, on the 16th day of February, 1899, considered clause by clause a Bill entitled "An Ordinance to amend the Law relating to Solicitors of the Supreme Court," and that such Committee recommended that the Bill in question be reported to the Legislative Council, with the following amendments, namely:--

(1) That clause 2 of the Bill be amended by the insertion of the word "the" before the words "Puisne Judge," and by striking out the figures "1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6" on the left-hand of the terms interpreted.

(2) That sub-section (1) of clause 3 of the Bill be amended by the insertion of a comma after the words "proceeding in the Court," and by striking out a comma after the words, "taxed costs."

(3) That clause 4 of the Bill be amended-

(i.) By the substitution of the word "is" for the words "shall be" after the

word "such agreement";

(ii.) By striking out a comma after the words "to be cancelled"

";

iii.) By the insertion of the words, "and according to the same rules ", after

the words "in the same manner and

>

(iv.) By substituting the words "as if such agreement had not been inade" for

the words " as if no such agreement had been made ".

(4) That clause 6 of the Bill be amended by striking out the comma after the words "of the

agreement."

(5) That sub-section 1 of clause 8 of the Bill be amended by striking out the comma after

the word, "the costs."

(6) That clause 9 of the Bill be amended---

(i.) By substituting the word "appears" for the words "shall appear", and (ii.) By substituting the words "are not deemed" in the place of the words

"shall not be deemed ".

(7) That sub-section 2 of clause 10 of the Bill be amended,-

(i.) By striking out the comma after the words "thereon by motion", and (ii) By substituting the word "pays" for the word “ pay

(8) That clause 11 of the Bill be amended-

(i.)

By inserting the words, "or by his clerk" after the words "by a solicitor ",

and by inserting the words "or proceeding" between the word "suit and the word "stipulates ".

(9) That clause 13 of the Bill be amended-

(i.) By substituting the word "deems" for the words "shall deem ", and (ii.) By putting a semi-colon instead of a comma after the words "terms of the

agreement".

(10) That clause 15 of the Bill be amended by striking out the comma after the word

"taxation"

(11) That clause 16 of the Bill be amended by inserting a comma after the word "costs".

94

:

(12) That clause 18 of the Bill be amended as follows:-

(i.)

By inserting the figure 1 followed by a full stop in brackets, thus (1)

after the figure 18.

(ii.) By substituting the word "step" for the words "steps ". (iii.) By striking out the words "The concluding sentence of" and by beginning the following word "section" with a capital S, and by making such word, section, commence a new paragraph, and by putting before such word section on the left-hand of it the figure, followed by a full stop, in brackets, thus (2)

(iv.) By inserting the words " of Parliament" after the word "Act".

(v.) By striking out the words "and inclusive of," and

(vi.) By striking out the word "down" between the word "equity" and the

word "to".

(13) That the whole of clause 21 of the Bill be struck out, and that clause 22 of the Bill be re-numbered as 21. The Honourable Emanuel Raphael Belilios, C.M.G., was opposed to this amendment but all the other Members of the Committee were in favour of it.

(14) That clause 22 of the Bill, re-numbered 21, may be amended as follows:-

(i.) By striking out the comma after the word "solicitor".

(ii.) By substituting the word "in" for the word "within ", and

(iii.) By inserting the words " to the Court" after the word "fee".

And I do further certify that, in the opinion of the Standing Law Committee, such Bill, with the exception of clause 21 thereof, may be dealt with by the Legislative Council in the same manner as a Bill reported on by a Committee of the whole of such Council.

Laid before the Legislative Council on the 13th March, 1899.

J. G. T. BUCKLE,

Clerk of Councils.

HENRY E. POLLOCK, Chairman, Standing Law Committee.

No. 2.

95

REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

STANDING LAW COMMITTEE,

AT A MEETING HELD IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER, HONGKONG, On the 16th February, 1899, and the 2nd March, 1899.

PRESENT:

The Honourable the Acting Attorney General, (HENRY EDWARD POLLOCK), Chairman.

>>

>>

JAMES JARDINE BELL-IRVING.

Dr. Ho KAI, M.A.

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G. WEI YUK.

I, HENRY EDWARD POLLOCK, Acting Attorney General, Chairman of the Standing Law Committee, do hereby certify that the Standing Law Committee, on the 16th day of February, 1899, and the 2nd day of March, 1899, considered clause by clause a Bill entitled "An Ordinance to consolidate and amend the Laws relating to Criminal Procedure in the Supreme Court," and that such Committee recommended that the Bill in question be reported to the Legislative Council, with the following amendments, namely:-

(1) That sub-section 1 of clause 11 of the Bill be amended-

(i.) By the insertion of the words, "together with a certified copy thereof"

between the word "documents" and the word "shall", and

(i.) By the insertion of the words "Crown Solicitor for the use of the" between the word "the" and the word "Attorney General", and

(iii.) By the insertion of the words "if any", followed by a comma, after the

word "information ".

(2) That clause 14 of the Bill be omitted altogether and that all the subsequent clauses of

the Bill be re-numbered accordingly.

(3) That sub-section of clause 15 of the Bill, re-numbered 14, be amended by the substitu-

tion of the word "two" for the word "three ".

(4) That clause 20 of the Bill, re-numbered 19, be amended by substituting the word "three"

for the word "five".

(5) That clause 51 of the Bill, re-numbered 50, be amended by the insertion of the words,

"and not in prison clothes", after the word "unfettered".

(6) That clause 85 of the Bill, re-numbered 84, be amended by substituting the words "Crown

Solicitor" for the words "Attorney General ".

(7) That sub-section 5 of clause 91 of the Bill, re-numbered 90, may be amended by-

(i.) Inserting the words "so arrested" after the words "deliver the person", and (ii) By striking out the words "so arrested" before the words "to some

police", and

(iii.) By substituting the words "that he may be" for the words "to his being", (8) That clause 96, re-numbered 95, of the Bill may be amended by striking out the comma

after the word "thereof".

(9) That clause 99, re-numbered 98, of the Bill may be amended by substituting the figures

96 for the figures 97.

(10) That sub-section 1 of clause 104, re-numbered 103, of the Bill may be amended-

(i) By striking out the words, "and detain in custody in a Prison", and (ii) By inserting before the words "until the fine" the following words, namely,

"and such person shall thereupon be detained in custody in a Prison." (11) That clause 112, re-numbered 111, of the Bill may be amended by putting a full stop after the words "are hereby repealed" and by striking out all the subsequent portion of the clause.

(12) That Form No. 1 in the First Schedule be amended by inserting a comma after the

words, "waistcoat as aforesaid ".

And I do further certify that, in the opinion of the Standing Law Committee, such Bill may be dealt with by the Legislative Council in the same manner as a Bill reported on by a Committee of the whole of such Council.

Laid before the Legislative Council on the 20th June, 1899.

J. G. T. Buckle,

Clerk of Councils.

HENRY E. POLLOCK, Chairman, Standing Law Committee.

14th March, 1899.

J

No. 3.

REPORT. OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

STANDING LAW COMMITTEE

ON THE MERCHANT SHIPPING BILL.

gi

T

PRESENT:

The Honourable the Acting Attorney General, (HENRY EDWARD POLLOCK), Chairman.

";

JAMES JOHNSTONE KESWICK.

Dr. Ho KAI, M.A.

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G. WEI YUK.

I, HENRY EDWARD POLLOCK, Acting Attorney General, Chairman of the Standing Law Committee, do hereby certify that meetings of the Standing Law Committee on the Merchant Shipping Bill were held on the 27th September, 1899, the 2nd October, 1899, the 5th October, 1899, the 9th October, 1899, the 16th October, 1899, the 30th October, 1899, the 6th November, 1899, the 8th November, 1899, and the 16th November, 1899, and that at such meetings the said Bill was considered clause by clause in the presence of all the Members of such Standing Law Committee, and that, in the opinion of such Standing Law Committee, such Bill may be dealt with by the Council in the same manner as a Bill reported on by a Committee of the whole Council;

And I do also hereby certify that at the aforesaid meetings of the said Standing Law Committee the following amendments in the said Merchant Shipping Bill were unanimously agreed to by the said Standing Law Committee, namely

(1) In clause 1, that the figures "1899" be substituted for the figures "1898."

(2) In clause 2, in the paragraph beginning On the West, "Capsuimoon" be substituted for

"Capsingmoon."

3) In clause 2, in the paragraph beginning On the South, that the full stop be omitted after the word "Island," and that the following words be added to the paragraph, namely, "and continued until it meets the East and West boundaries ".

(4) That in clause 2. in the paragraph beginning, On the West, the comma after the word "drawn" and the comma after the word "Hongkong," and the words "continued on an East and West line to the mainland" be omitted; and that after the words "north point of Stonecutters' Island" the following words be inserted and followed by a full stop, namely, "and thence to the Harbour Master's Station at Samshuipo." (5) That in clause 2, after the paragraph beginning On the West and before the paragraph beginning Harbour Master the following paragraph be inserted, namely:-"Port of the Colony means such place in the waters of the Colony as the Governor may declare by Notification in the Gazette to be a port of the Colony.

(6) That in sub-section 1 (d) of clause 3 the figures, "37", be substituted for the figures,

"35."

(7) In clause 3, sub-section 2, line 2, after the words "provided to," the following words be

added, namely, "any ship owned wholly by persons of the following description." (8) In sub-section 2 (b) of clause 3, that the word " person be substituted for the word

"applicant " in two different places.

(9) That in line 2 of sub-section 3 of clause 3 the words, "for any ship" be added after the

word, "Registry."

(10) In sub-section 11 of clause 3 that the word "natural-born" be omitted.

(11) That in sub-section 12 of clause 3 the figures, "37", be substituted for the figures, "35.' (12) In line 4 of sub-section 2 of clause 4 that the words "any port" be substituted for the

words "the waters.'

(13) In sub-section 4 of clause 4 that the following amendments be made, namely:

(i.) That in line 1 thereof after the word "leaving," the words "or attempting

to leave" be added, and

(ii.) That in line 2 thereof, the words, "any port," be substituted for the words,

"the waters," and

98

(iii) That in line 7 thereof the words "British or Colonial" be substituted for

the word "such," and

(iv.) That in line 9 thereof an s be added to the word, "sub-section," and that the word "and," followed by the figure 3 in brackets be inserted after the figure (2).

(14) That in lines 5 and 6 of sub-section 11 of clause 4, the following words and the brackets enclosing them be omitted, namely, "(such day not to be more than seven days after the date of such summons)."

(15) That in line 2 of sub-section (3) of clause 5 the words, "registered tonnage," be omitted. (16) That in line 2 of sub-section (6) of clause 5 the words, "seamen or," be omitted.

(17) That in the last line of sub-section (8) of clause 5 the words, "of such penalty", be in-

serted after the word "payment."

(18) That in lines 22 and 23 of sub-section (1) of clause 6, the following words, and also the comma which precedes them, be omitted, "and such boarding-house shall not be part of a house."

"2

(19) That in sub-section (2) of clause 6 the word "unfurnished" be omitted.

(20) That in line 9 of sub-section (5) of clause 8 the words, "discharged as cured” be inserted

after the words "he be".

"}

(21) That in the sixth line of sub-section (7) of clause 8 the words "of the crew or" be in- serted after the word "any," and that an s be added to the word "passenger." (22) That in the ninth line of sub-section (7) of clause 8, a comma be inserted after the

word "be".

(23) That in the fourth line of paragrapli (6) of sub-section (1) of section 9, the word "of” be omitted, that in the ninth line a letter "n" be substituted for "h" in the word "foreigh," and that in the eleventh line of the same paragraph the letter d be struck off the word "issued."

(24) That in the 12th line of sub-section 2 of section 9 a comma be omitted after the word

"is" and also after the word "hereinbefore."

(25) That in the last line of sub-section 4 of clause 9 the words "imprisonment until such fine be paid" be omitted and the following words substituted in their stead, namely, "in default of payment of such penalty to imprisonment with or without hard labour for any period not exceeding six months."

(26) That in line 4 and also in line 8 of paragraph (a) of sub-section 5 of clause 9 a comma

be omitted after the word "also."

(27) That in the fifth line from the end of sub-section (5) of clause 9 of the Bill the word "thereto" be omitted and the words "so to do" be inserted after the word "re- quested."

(28) That in paragraphs (a) and (b) of sub-section (1) of clause 10 the word "twelve" be

substituted for the figures, "12."

(29) That in line 3 of paragraph (b) of sub-section (2) of clause 10 the word, "possession,"

be substituted for the word "port.

(30) That at the end of clause 10 of the Bill, the following new sub-section to be numbered

(24) be inserted, namely:-

Harbour Master of accidents to passenger

(24.)-When any passenger ship has sustained or caused Report to any accident occasioning loss of life or has received any material damage affecting her seaworthiness or her efficiency either in her hull or in any part of her machinery, the master shall, within twenty-four hours after the happening of the ships. accident or damage, or as soon thereafter as possible, report (M.S.A., the same by letter to the Harbour Master, and in default, 1894, sec.

425). without reasonable cause therefor, he shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding five hundred dollars.

Co

31) That in the fourth line of paragraph (d) of sub-section (1) of clause 11 the word re-

gulations" be substitute for the word "rules."

(32) That in clause 11 the following new sub-section be inserted after sub-section (1) to be

numbered sub-section (2), namely:-

(2.)-If any requirement of this section or of Table 1). In case of in the Schedule hereto is not complied with in the case of non-

compliance any passenger ship, the Harbour Master shall not grant a the Harbour clearance, and if any such ship attempts to go to sea without Master shall a clearance the Harbour Master may detain her.

refuse clear-

ance.

and that the former sub-section (2) of section 11 be re-numbered (3).

99

(33) That sub-section (6) of clause 12 be deleted.

(34) That in line 4 of sub-section 4 of clause 13 a full stop be put after the word “Ordinance,'

and that all the following words of that sub-section be omitted.

""

(35) That in sub-section 3 of clause 15, the words "any explosives within the meaning of the Explosives Act, 1875," he deleted and that the following words be substituted in their stead, namely, "dynamite, gun-cotton, fulminate of mercury or of other metals, blasting powders, fireworks, fuses, rockets, percussion caps, detonators, car- tridges, ammunition of all descriptions"; and that in the fifth line of the same sub- section after the word "are "the following words be inserted, namely, "from time to time declared by the Governor-in-Council to be.”

(36) That a new clause 21 be inserted at the beginning of Part VI of the Bill immediately after the heading "Regulation and Control of the Waters of the Colony and of Vessels using the same," and that such new section be headed "Ports of the Colony" and read as follows:-

Ports of the Colony.

21.-The Governor may from time to time as he Declaration may see fit declare by notification in the Gazette, cer- of l'orts. tain places in the waters of the Colony to be Ports of the Ship or junk Colony, and no master of any ship or junk shall, except elsewhere. from stress of weather or some other sufficient cause, anchor

at any other place in the waters of the Colony.

not to anchor

and that the present clause 21 of the Bill and the following clauses be re-numbered accordingly.

(37) That sub-section 1 of the present clause 21 of the Bill (re-numbered 22) be amended

to read as follows:-

Duties of Master.

22. (1.)-The master of every merchant ship ar- Ships to riving within signal distance of the signal station at Gap hoist their Rock or Cape D'Aguilar and intending to enter any Port numbers. of the Colony shall hoist her National Colours and her House flag or her number and shall keep the same flying while passing the sigual station. He shall also hoist her National Colours when entering any port in the Colony and shall keep the same flying until the ship shall have been eutered at the Harbour Master's Office.

(38) That in line 1 of sub-section (3) of such re-numbered clause the figures, "28", be sub- stituted for "27", and that in line 10 the words "without reasonable cause therefor " be inserted after the word "default."

(39) That in sub-section 4 of such re-numbered clause the following amendments be made,

namely:-

(i) That in line 2 thereof the words "at any port of the" be substituted for the

words" within the waters of this," and

(ii.) That in line 3 thereof, after the word "office," the following words be inserted, namely:-"or, if the said office is closed, as soon as possible after it shall again be open for business."

(40) That sub-section (6) of such re-numbered clause be amended as follows, namely

(i.) In line 2 thereof by inserting the words "not less than" after the word

Peter," and

+6

ii.) In line 5 thereof by omitting a comma after the word "voyage,” and (iii.) By adding the following sentence at the end thereof, namely:

Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall be held to apply to any ship arriving when the Ilarbour Master's Office is closed for business and leaving before the said office is again open for business, but in such case the master shall cause such arrival and departure to be reported to the Harbour Master as soon as practicable.

**

(41) That sub-sections (2) and 3 of clause 22 (re-numbered 23) be amended by substituting

the figures "16" for the figures "17".

(42) That clause 23 (re-numbered 24) be amended, in the first line, by adding after the word "description" the following words, between commas, namely:-"whether a ship of war or otherwise."

100

(43) That in sub-section (1) of clause 24 (re-numbered 25) in line 3 the words "a bright white light visible all round" be deleted, and that in line 4 after the word "hull ” the following words be inserted, namely:-"a bright white light visible all round at a distance of at least one mile.

(44) That sub-section (3) of clause 25 (re-numbered 26) be amended, in line 2, by sub- stituting the figures, "25", for the figures, "24", and in line 7, by adding the word "junk" after the word "ship."

(45) That a new clause be inserted after clause 27 (re-numbered 28), and that such new clause be re-numbered 29 (the following clauses of the Bill being re-numbered accordingly), and that such new clause read as follows:

Fishing Stations, Fishing Stakes, and Fishing Stake-Nets, and Fishing generally.

29. It shall be lawful for the Governor-in-Council to make Rules for Rules for the registration, licensing, erection, maintenance, fishing management, working and control of fishing stations, fish- stations,

stakes, ing stakes, and fishing stake-nets in the waters of the and nets. Colony, prescribing the places where the same may be erected, the distances to be observed from the shore and from other stakes, and the depth of water for stakes, the removal of such stakes when out of repair or not in use, the lighting of such stakes at night, the removal, repairing, and cleaning of such stakes and otherwise generally for all purposes, whether ejusdem generis with the above pur- poses or not, connected with stations and stakes and stake-nets.

Any fishing station, stake, or stake-not established, Power to renewed, altered, or repaired contrary to the provisions of order re- this Ordinance, or of any Rule made thereunder, may be moval of. removed by the Harbour Master; and the owner or occu- pier of any such station, stake, or stake-net, in addition to any other penalty which he is liable to under this section, shall be bound, if required to do so by the Harbour Master, to pay the expenses of such removal, and such expenses may, if the Harbour Master thinks fit, be recovered by the Harbour Master or any person deputed by him for that purpose, by summary distress upon the property of such owner or occupier and by the sale of a sufficient portion of such property to pay such expcuses.

It shall be lawful for the Governor-in-Council to Fees for use make Rules establishing Tables of Fees to be charged for of. licences for fishing stations and stakes and stake-nets according to their extent, situation, and methods.

It shall also be lawful for the Governor-in-Council Rules for to make Rules for the management, working, and control, fishing of all fishing operations generally in the waters of the generally. Colony.

to Ordinance

Any person disobeying any of the provisious of this Penalty for section or of any Rule made by the Governor-in-Council disobedience under this section shall, on summary conviction before a Magistrate, be liable to a penalty not exceeding fifty dollars and Rules, for every offence, and, in default of payment of such penalty, shall be liable to imprisonment for a period not exceeding three months, with or without hard labour.

(46) That in the last line but one of sub-section (1) of clause 30 (re-numbered 32) after the

word, "war," the words, "and all vessels of less than 20 tons" be inserted.

(

(47) That in clause 32 (re-numbered 34) the figures, 29, 30, 31," be altered to "31, 32,

33."

(48) That at the end of sub-section (5) of clause 34 (re-numbered 36) the full stop be omitted after the word "master" and that the following words be added to the sub- section, namely, "until her cargo of explosives has been discharged or for the pur- pose of going to sea."

(49) That in the third line of sub-section (8) of clause 34 (re-numbered 36) the words “at

once" be omitted.

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(50) That at the end of sub-section 34 (re-numbered 36) the following new sub-section be

added, to be numbered (17) namely:--

(17.) The expression, "Gunpowder Anchorage," as used Gunpowder in this section shall mean the anchorage on the south side Anchorage. of Stonecutters' Island to the west of a line from which

the White Rock bears north and to the north of a line from which the shears at the Kowloon Naval Yard bear east.

(51) That line 2 of sub-section 8 of clause 35 (re-numbered 37) be amended by the insertion after the word "steam-ship" of the following words, namely:-"not exceeding

60 tons.'

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(52) That line 2 of sub-section 11 of clause 35

stitution of the words "in the waters," 4 be amended by the insertion of the word "a."

(re-numbered 37) be amended by the sub- for the words, for the words, "at any port," and that line words "the nearest" in substitution for the

77

(53) That in sub-section (13) the words "any port be substituted for the words "the

waters," in line 2.

(54) That sub-section 14 of clause 35 (re-numbered 37) be amended by the omission of the

words "in the waters" from lines 1 and 2.

(55) That in line 2 of sub-section 6 of clause 37 (re-numbered 39) the words "in the waters'

be substituted for the words "at any port," and that in line 4 of the same sub-section the words "the nearest" be substituted for the word "a.

"be

(56) That in line 1 of sub-section 9 of clause 37 (re-numbered 39) the words "or other Chinese craft" be inserted after the word "junk," and that in line 6 of the same sub- section the words "or fishing-boat" be inserted after the word "junk.”

(57) That in line 5 of sub-section 15 of clause 37 (re-numbered 39) the words "or similar"

be inserted after the word "same."

22

(58) That in line 6 of sub-section 28 of clause 37 (re-numbered 39) the words "officer or

constable" be substituted for the word “ sergeant."

(59) That in the third line of Table A in the schedule the s at the end of the word, " pas-

sengers" be omitted.

(60) That in the third line from the bottom of sub-section (e), of Class I in Table A in the

schedule the s at the end of the word "admits" be omitted.

(61) That in line 6 of Table A and also in the heading of the Rules in Class III in the

same table, the figures, "38", be substituted for the figures, "36."

(62) That in the first line of Table B, and also in the first line of Table C the figures, “43”,

be substituted for the figures, "41."

(63) That Table D be amended so as to read as follows

TABLE D.

[See See, 10 s.s. 8 a (5).]

Spaces to be allotted to passengers in ships not within The

Chinese Passengers Act, 1855.

(a) Coasting Trade.

In the case of a passenger ship which is solely employed in trading or going between the following limits, namely, Hongkong and the Coast of China, Formosa, Cochin China and the Philippine Islands.

Between the 15th of October, and the 31st of May, inclusive: -

1. The space to be provided on the between decks shall be for the lower passenger deck 12 superficial and 84 cubic feet of space for each passenger; and for the upper passenger deck 9 superficial and 54 cubic feet for each passenger.

2. On the upper or weather deck there shall be provided 4 super- ficial feet of deck space for exercise for the crew and for every passenger accommodated on the passenger decks: and if it shall be intended to carry passengers on the remaining spaces of the said weather deck then 12 superficial feet of such remaining space shall be provided for each such upper deck passenger.

31

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Between the 1st of June, and the 14th of October, inclusive:-

3. The space to be provided on the passenger decks shall be in accordance with the first paragraph of this table, but no ship shall carry upper deck passengers except as hereinafter pro- vided, unless she is furnished with a deck house or other per- manent protection against the weather for the number of passengers such structure will accommodate at 12 superficial feet and 72 cubic feet per adult passenger.

(b) Foreign Trade.

In the case of a passenger ship which is employed in trading or going between Hongkong and some place or places situate beyond the following limits, namely, the Coast of China, Formosa, Cochin China and the Philippine Islands :—

1. The space to be provided under the poop or in the round house or deck house or on the upper passenger deck shall be not less than 15 clear superficial feet of deck allotted to the use of each statute adult passenger, and on the lower passenger deck not less than 18 clear superficial fect of deck allotted to each statute adult passenger.

Provided that if the height between the lower passenger deck and the deck immediately above it is less than 7 feet, or if the apertures (exclusive of side scuttles) through which light and air are admitted together to the lower passenger deck are less in size than in the proportion of 3 square feet to every 100 superficial feet of that deck, the ship shall not carry a greater number of passengers on that deck than in the proportion of one statute adult to every 25 superficial feet thereof.

2. On the upper deck or poop or deck house there shall be provided 5 superficial feet of deck space for exercise for every passenger accommodated on the passenger decks and under the poop and in the deck house; and if it shall be intended to carry passengers on the remaining spaces of the said upper deck or poop or deck house then 12 superficial feet of such remaining space shall be provided for each such upper deck passenger.

Generally.

Deck passengers may be carried only within the limits prescribed above for the Coasting Trade and between the 15th October, and the 31st May, inclusive.

Deck passengers may be carried between Hongkong and Swatow during both seasons.

Passengers are not to be carried on more than two decks on any one voyage.

The superficial area of a deck shall mean the area of the deck itself exclusive of skylights, hatchways and other encumbrances.

No part of the cargo or of the passengers' luggage or of the provi- sions, water or stores whether for the use of the passengers or of the crew shall be carried on the upper deck or on the passenger decks unless the same is so placed as not to impede light or ventilation or to interfere with the comfort of the passengers nor unless the same is stowed and secured to the satisfaction of the Harbour Master: and the space occupied or rendered unavailable for the accommodation of the passengers shall (unless occupied by the passengers' luggage) be deducted in calculating the space.

There shall not be more than two tiers of berths on any one deck. Such provisions for affording light and air to the passenger decks shall be supplied as the circumstances of the case may in the judg ment of the Harbour Master require. The passengers shall have the free and unimpeded use of the whole of each hatchway situated over the space appropriated to them and over each such hatchway there shall be erected such a booby hatch or other substantial covering as will afford it the greatest amount of light and air and of protection from wet as the case will admit.

(64) That in Table E the figures, "37", be substituted for the figures, "35", in the heading, and also in paragraph 1, and in paragraph 2 (ƒ); and that in paragraph 5 the word,

dollars", be omitted.

(65) That in Table F the figures, "38", be substituted for the figures, "36", in the heading. (66) That in third line of paragraph 7 of Table G the word "witnesses" be substituted for

the word witness."

6.

(67) That in the appendix to Table H the following amendments be made, namely:

(1) That in sub-section (3) of No. 1 of the said appendix a comma be substituted for a semi-colon after "1855," and that the following words be added at the end of that sub-section :-" under the Chinese Emigration Consolidation Ordinance, or," and

(2) That a new sub-section to be numbered (4) be inserted in the said appendix after the said sub-section (3), and that the said new sub-section (4) run as follows:-

(4) From the refusal of the Harbour Master to give a clearance

under this Ordinance.”

(68) That in the heading of Table K (a) the figures, "22", be substituted for the figures,

"21".

103

(69) That Table L be amended to read as follows :—

TABLE L.

QUARANTINE REGULATIONS.

Under section 23.

1. In these regulations the term "Health Officer" means the Health Officer of the Port or any other medical officer duly authorised to act for, or as-ist him, or in charge of any place set apart for the detention and seclusion of persons actually suffering from disease; the term "Vessel" includes steamers, sailing ships, junks, and lorelas, and British and Foreign ships of war, as well as merchant ships of all kinds; the term “boat” includes any rowing-boat, sailing-boat, launch *or pinnace; the term "port or place at which any infectious or contagious disease prevailed means a port or place proclaimed to be such by order of the Governor in Council published in The Gazette from the date of such proclamation. The words "infectious or contagious disease" shall, for the purposes of these regulations, mean cholera, choleraic diarrhoea, small-pox, typhus fever, yellow fever, bubonic plague, and such other epidemic disease as the Health Officer may consider to imperil the safety of the passengers or crew. The term "infected vessel" shall mean any vessel which has a case of any of the above mentioned diseases on board or on which one or more cases of any such diseases shall have occurred within a period of twelve days previous to the date of arrival of the vessel in the waters of this Colony; the term "suspected vessel

" shall mean any vessel on which one or more cases of any of the above mentioned diseases shall have occurred at the time of departure or during the voyage, but on which no fresh case has occurred within a period of twelve days previous to the date of arrival of the vessel in the waters of this Colony; the term "healthy vessel" shall mean any ves el which, although coming from a port or place at which an infectious or contagious disease prevailed, has had no death from, and no case of any such disease on board while at such port or during the voyage therefrom, or on arrival.

2. Every infected" and every suspected" vessel arriving in the waters of this Colony shall immediately on entering the Harbour limits of Victoria fly a yellow flag (letter Q in International Code of Signals) and shall not communicate with the shore until granted pratique by expr. ss written order of the Health Officer who shall, in every case, board and examine all the passengers and crew of such vessel. But with the written consent of the Health Officer any such vessel which is on a voyage to any other place may be allowed to proceed on such voyage or to tranship her passengers for the purpose of completing such voyage: Provided that no communication has been held with the shore except as permitted by these regulations.

3. Every "infected" and every "suspected " vessel shall proceed at once to the Quarantine Anchorage and shall not remove therefrom, except from stress of weather, until released by order of the Health Officer.

No vessel having to leave the Quarantine Anchorage from stress of weather shall communicate with the shore, or with any other vessel, and such vessel shall return to the Quarantine Anchorage immediately such stress of weather has subsided: Provided that in case of stress of weather involy- ing probable actual danger to the vessel, the vessel may remove for a time, but shall be deemed nevertheless for all purposes to be subject to all other regulations applicable to such vessels.

No such vessel shall enter the Harbour limits of Victoria before 6 a.m. or after 6 p.m.

4. The Quarantine Anchorage shall be within the following boundaries, and the master of every vessel shall remove his vessel to any part of the Quarantine Anchorage as and when required by the Harbour Master:-

"Western Boundary.”—. A line drawn from the west side of Stone Cutters' Island to west side of Green Island (on Admiralty Chart marked as harbour boundary).

Southern Boundary."-That part of a line having the Naval Coal Sheds at Kaulung bearing E. by S., commencing where it meets the eastern boundary, and terminating where it meets the western boundary.

"Eastern Boundary.”—A south line drawn from a white mark on south side of Stone Cutters' Island until it reaches the southern boundary.

"Northern Boundary."-Five fathom line of soundings.

or

5. The master or other person having the control of any "infected" suspected vessel shall give the Health Officer or Boarding Officer such information about the vessel and the voyage and the health of the crew and passengers and otherwise as the Health Officer or Boarding Officer may require, and shall answer truly and fully all questions put to him by the Health Officer or Boarding Officer.

6.—(a.) On the arrival of an “infected” vessel at the Quarantine An- chorage the Health Officer shall medically examine all persons on board such vessel and shall arrange for the removal of any persons suffering from any of the above mentioned diseases, to a Hospital, and the removal of any dead bodies for burial. The passengers and crew shall then be kept under observation either en board such vessel or at an Observation Station to be hereafter appointed by the Governor in Council, or shall be permitted to land, and be kept under surveillance, at their residences on shore, at the discretion of the Health Officer: Provided that such observation or such surveillance shall in no case extend for a longer period than ten days from the date of arrival of the vessel in the waters of this Colony. The Health Officer shall then forthwith proceed with the disinfection of the vessel and with the disinfection or destruc- tion of such of the cargo and of the baggage and personal effects of the passengers and crew as he may deem necessary, and the Master of every

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:

such vessel shall comply with any instructions that the Health Officer may give as to the disinfection and pumping out of bilge water, the disinfection of drinking water tanks, and the provision of a proper and adequate supply of fresh drinking water.

(b.) On the arrival of a suspected" vessel at the Quarantine Anchor- age the Health Officer shall medically examine all persons on board such vessel. The passengers and crew shall, if found to be free from any infections or contagious disease, be permitted t› land but shall be kept under surveillance at their residences on shore for such veriod of time as the Health Officer may deem necessary: Provided that such surveil- lance shall in no case extend for a longer period than ten days from the date of arrival of the vessel in the Harbour limits of Victoria. The Health Officer shall then proceed with the disinfection of the vessel and with the disinfection or destruction of such of the cargo and of the baggage and personal effects of the passengers and crew as he may deem nece-- sary; and the Master of every such vessel shall comply with any ins- tructions that the Health Officer may give as to the disinfection and pumping out of bilge water, the disinfection of drinking water tanks, and the provision of a proper and adequate supply of fresh drinking

water.

(c.) "Healthy" vessels shall he visited and the passengers and crew medically examined by the Health Officer, and if found to be free from any infectious or contagious disease, such vessels shall be admitted to free pratique imme 'iately on arrival, irrespective of the nature of their bill of health. The Master of every such vessel shall comply with any instructions that the Health Officer may give as to the disinfection and pumping out of bilge water, the disinfection of drinking water tanks, and the provi ion of a proper and adequate supply of fresh drinking water. The passengers and crew may, moreover, at the discretion of the Health Officer, he kept under surveillance for a period of time not exceeding ten days from the date of arrival of the vessel in the Harbour limits of Victoria.

7. If any vessel in the waters of this Colouy is known to have any case of any infectious or contagious disease on board, or is a vessel which, in the opinion of the Health Officer, ought according to these regulations to be placed under observation the Health Officer shall order such vessel to the Quarantine Anchorage, and the Master or person in charge of such vessel shall thereupon hoist a flag of yellow colour (letter Q in the Inter- national Code of Signals) upon such vessel and remove the vessel to the Quarantine Anchorage, and all the regulations applicable to “infected " vessels shall apply to such vessel.

8. In case of a death from any infectious or contagious disease hap- pening on board any vessel, the body shall be disposed in such manner as may be ordered by the Health Officer; and the master of the vessel shall carry out such orders as the Health Officer may give him in relation to the disposal of the body,

or

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suspected "' vessel,

9. No person shall leave any "infected" or hold communication from such vessel with the shore, or with any other vessel, or boat, or take or send any person or thing whatsoever out of the vessel, until the express written permission of the Health Officer has been communicated to the Master or other person having the control of the vessel, and such precautions as the Health Officer may require have been observed.

10. No person other than the Health Officer, or persons in his boat, shall approach within thirty yards of any "infected" ΟΙ suspected" vessel, or ho'd any communication with such vessel or with any person on board of it, or receive, or take any person or thing whatsoever directly or indirectly from the vessel or from any person on board of it, without having first received the express written permission of the Health Officer, and observing such precautions as the Health Officer may require.

11. No person placed on board the "Hygeia" shall leave the same or hold communica ion with any vessel or boat, or take or send any person or thing whatsoever out of the "Hygeia" without having first received the express written permission of the Health Officer, or Medical Officer in charge and observing such precautions as such officer may require.

12. No person other than the Health Officer, or Medical Officer in charge, or persons expressly deputed by them, shall go on board or approach within thirty yards of, or hold communication with, the "Hygeia" or with any person in it, or receive or take anything whatsoever directly or indirectly from the "Hygeia" or from any person in it without having first received the express written permission of the Health. Officer, or Medical Officer in charge, and observing such precautions as such Officer inay require.

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13. The Captain Superintendent of Police, and any officers that he may appoint for the purpose, may order any person leaving or coming from

"infected 23 any

or suspected vessel or from the " Hygeia," or taking or sending any person or thing whatsoever from any such vessel, to remain in, or return to, and to return such persons or things to such vessel or to the "Hygeia," and may by such necessary force as the case requires compel any person neglecting or refusing to observe such order to obey the same.

14. The above regulations shall not in any way interfere with the internal management of any of Her Majesty's ships, or of Foreign ships of war, or with their freedom to proceed to sea, whenever the officer in command may deem such course requisite.

15. Where any breach of any of the above regulations is committed, all the persons assisting in any way in the commission of such breach and the Master or other person having the control of any vessel or boat on board of which such breach has been committed, or which has been in any way engaged in the commission of such breach shall be severally answerable for such breach, and shall be deemed guilty of the same.

16. Any costs, charged or incurred by the Government for the medical attendance and maintenance of any person, whether on the ship's articles or not, who is removed to the "Hygeia" or any other hospital or place under regulation & shall be paid to the Government by the owners or agents of the vessel, from which such person is removed.

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105

(70) That in the heading of Table M the figures, "25", be substituted for the figures, "24", and that in line 3 of clause 11 of the same Table, the word "or" be substituted for the word "and.”

(71) That in the heading of Table N and in paragraph 1 thereof the figures, "26", be sub- stituted for the figures. "25", and also that in paragraph thereof the words, "this Ordinance", be substituted for the words, "The Merchant Shipping Consolida- tion Ordinance, 1898", and that in the same paragraph immediately below the words "In Victoria" and above the words "French Street Wharf." the words “

Whitty Street Steps" be inserted, and that the words "Wilmer Street" be substituted for the words "Sailors' Home" and the words. "Cleverly Street Steps" be substituted for the words, "Harbour Master's Wharf." and further that in paragraph 2 of the same Table the figures, "26", be substituted for the figures, "25", and the word, “this”, be substituted for the words, "the said".

(72) That in the heading of Table O the figures, "26", be substituted for the figures, “ 25”, and that in the third line of the same Table. the figures and words, “26 of this Ordinance", be substituted for the figures and words. "25 of The Merchant Shipping Consolidation Ordinance, 1898”.

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(73) That in Table ( (a), the figures 28", be substituted for the figures, 27, in the heading, and that in the third line of paragraph 1, a fuil stop be substituted for a semi-colon after the word "Master."

(74) That in the heading of Table P the figures, "32", be substituted for the figures, " 30." (75) That in the heading and in the 8th paragraph of Table Q and also in two places in

Table R the figures, " 36", be substituted for the figures, 34.”

(76) That in the heading of Table S and also in the heading of Table T the figures, “39

be substituted for the figures, "37.

(77) That in the first line of Table T the word, "Vessels," be substituted for the word,

"Vessel."

(78) That the figures, "40," be substituted for the figures. "38," in the heading of Table U and that at the end of paragraph 45 of the same Table the following two lines be added, namely :

5th class boat under 50 piculs capacity $1

under 25 piculs capacity 50 cents. .

6th

HENRY E. POLLOCK, Acting Attorney General,

Chairman of the Standing Law Committee.

Laid before the Legislative Council on the 23rd November, 1899.

R. F. JOHNSTON, Acting Clerk of Councils.

1

:

LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL, No. 1.

WEDNESDAY, 25TH JANUARY, 1899.

PRESENT:

HIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR

(Sir HENRY ARTHUR BLAKE, G.C.M.G.).

His Excellency Major-General WILLIAM JULIUS GASCOIGNE, C.M.G., General Officer Commanding. The Honourable the Acting Colonial Secretary, (THOMAS SERCOMBE SMITH).

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the Acting Attorney General, (HENRY EDWARD Pollock).

the Harbour Master, (ROBERT MURRAY RUMSEY, R.N.).

the Captain Superintendent of Police, (FRANCIS HENRY MAY, C.M.G.).

the Acting Colonial Treasurer, (ALEXANDER MACDONALD THOMSON). the Director of Public Works, (ROBERT DALY ORMSBY).

CATCHICK PAUL CHATER, C.M.G.

HO KAI, M.B., C.M.

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G. JAMES JARDINE BELL-IRVING. WEI YUK.

ABSENT:

The Honourable THOMAS HENDERSON WHITEHEAD.

The Council met pursuant to summons.

The Minutes of the last Meeting, held on the 30th December, 1898, were read and confirmed. PAPERS. The Acting Colonial Secretary, by command of His Excellency the Governor, laid on the table the following papers :---

1. Coroner's Returns for 1898.

2. Report on the Widows' and Orphans' Pension Fund for the Year 1898.

FINANCIAL MINUTES.-The Acting Colonial Secretary, by command of His Excellency the Governor, laid on the table the following Financial Minutes, (Nos. 1 to 4), and moved that they be referred to the Finance Committee :-

C.O.D. 307 of 1898.

C.3.0.

69 of 1899.

C.S.O. 2214 of 1897.

C.5.0.

2265 of 1838.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Two thousand Six hundred and Nine Dollars ($2,609, equivalent to £250 @ 1/11), being contribution towards the proposed establishment of a School of Tropical Medicine in London and the institution of a travelling Commission to enquire into Tropical Diseases.

Government House, Hongkong, 12th January, 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Five thousand Dollars ($5,000) in aid of the vote "Repairs to Furniture at Government House."

Government House, Hongkong, 12th January, 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to vote a sum of Two thousand Four hundred and Thirty-eight Dollars and Sixty-seven cents ($2,438.67) in aid of the vote "Road from Victoria Gap to Mount Kellett Road."

Government House, Hongkong, 12th January, 1899.

HENRY A. BLAKE.

The Governor recommends the Council to re-vote the following sums being unexpend- ed balances of the votes for 1898 under the heading "Extraordinary Public Works"

Water Supply, Kowloon

Extension of Station Street, North, Kowloon

City of Victoria and Hill District Waterworks Forming and kerbing streets to provide for extensions of the City

and Villages

Waterworks, Miscellaneous

Gaol Extension

..$ 3,251

3,902

2,096

429

3,873 2,507

Total.........$16,058

Government House, Hongkong, 16th January, 1899.

The Acting Colonial Treasurer seconded.

Question-put and agreed to.

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1

BILL ENTITLED AN ORDINANCE FOR THE NATURALIZATION OF MAK NGAN WAN, alias MAK CHIN K', alias MAK SUI NIN, alias MAK YAT Wo, alias MAK SUN.-The Acting Attorney General moved the first reading of the Bill.

The Acting Colonial Secretary seconded.

Question-put and agreed to.

Bill read a first time.

BILL ENTITLED AN ORDINANCE TO AMEND ORDINANCE 5 OF 1866 AND THE HONGKONG AND SHANGHAI BANK ORDINANCE AMENDMENT ORDINANCE, 1882.-The Acting Attorney General moved the first reading of the Bill.

The Acting Colonial Secretary seconded.

Question-put and agreed to.

Bill read a first time.

BILL ENTITLED AN ORDINANCE TO AMEND ORDINANCE 8 OF 1870, (PUBLIC BUILDINGS).-The Acting Attorney General moved the first reading of the Bill.

The Acting Colonial Secretary seconded.

Question-put and agreed to.

Bill read a first time.

BILL ENTITLED AN ORDINANCE TO PROVIDE FOR THE RESERVATION OF CERTAIN land at BRITISH KOWLOON KNOWN AS SUNG WONG T'OI OR SUNG WONG T'ONG.-The Acting Attorney General moved the first reading of the Bill.

The Acting Colonial Secretary seconded.

Question-put and agreed to.

Bill read a first time.

BILL ENTITLED AN ORDINANCE TO AMEND THE DOGS ORDINANCE, 1893.-The Acting Attorney General moved the first reading of the Bill.

The Acting Colonial Secretary seconded.

Question-put and agreed to.

Bill read a first time.

BILL ENTITLED AN ORDINANCE FOR THE REGULATION OF VEHICLES-The Acting Attorney General moved the first reading of the Bill.

The Acting Colonial Secretary seconded.

Question-put and agreed to.

Bill read a first time.

BILL ENTITLED AN ORDINANCE TO AMEND THE LAW RELATING TO SolicitoRS OF THE SUPREME COURT.-The Acting Attorney General moved the first reading of the Bill.

The Acting Colonial Secretary seconded.

Question-put and agreed to.

Bill read a first time.

ADJOURNMENT.—The Council then adjourned till Wednesday, the 1st February, 1899, at 3

p.m.

Read and confirmed this 1st day of February, 1899.

J. G. T. BUCKLE,

Clerk of Councils.

HENRY A. BLAKE,

Governor.

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LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL, No. 2.

WEDNESDAY, 187 FEBRUARY, 1899.

3

PRESENT:

HIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR

(Sir HENRY ARTHUR BLAKE, G.C.M.G.).

His Excellency Major-General WILLIAM JULIUS GASCOIGNE, C.M.G., General Officer Commanding.

The Honourable the Acting Colonial Secretary, (THOMAS SERCOMBE SMITH),

the Acting Attorney General, (HENRY EDWARD POLLOCK).

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the Harbour Master, (ROBERT MURRAY RUMSEY, R.N.).

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the Captain Superintendent of Police, (FRANCIS HENRY MAY, C.M.G.).

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the Acting Colonial Treasurer, (ALEXANDER MACDONALD THOMSON).

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the Director of Public Works, (Robert Daly Ormsby).

CATCHICK PAUL Chater, C.M.G.

Ho KAI, M.B., C.M.

EMANUEL RAPHAEL BELILIOS, C.M.G.

19

JAMES JARDINE BELL-IRVING.

WEI YUK.

""

ABSENT:

The Honourable THOMAS HENDERSON WHITEHEAD.

The Council met pursuant to adjournment.

The Minutes o