消防局年報 HONG KONG FIRE BRIGADE Annaul Report 1946-1947

i

APPENDIX J

REPORT

OF THE

CHIEF OFFICER,

HONG KONG FIRE BRIGADE,

FOR THE

PERIOD 1ST MAY, 1946 TO 31ST MARCH, 1947.

#2150452

APPENDIX J

 

REPORT

OF THE

CHIEF OFFICER.

HONG KONG FIRE BRIGADE,

FOR THE

PERIOD 1ST MAY, 1946 TO 31ST MARCH, 1947.

Expenditure and Revenue.

The expenditure of the Brigade for the period under review was $377,798.00.

Revenue totalled $929.00 derived from fees charged for the attendance of firemen and equipment at matshed theatres and other special duties.

Calls.

The Brigade attended 307 calls. Of these 258 were to actual fires, 38 for special services including house collapses, 9 were false alarms with good intent. There were 2 malicious false alarms.

Serious Fire.

The most serious fire of the period occurred on board the S.S. "Sai On" on the 4th February, 1947 when 132 lives were lost. Fire Brigade personnel rescued 25 persons from the burning ship and the harbour. In the course of rescue operations several members of the Brigade received burns necessitating hospital treatment.

Casualties.

The total number of civilian fatalities from fires and explosions was 150. In addition 18 persons were killed by the collapse of buildings. 101 buried and injured persons were rescued alive from the debris by Firemen. There were

no Fire Briade fatalities.

་མ་

( 2 )

Staff.

Due to the retirement of Mr. J. C. Fitz Henry on medical grounds, Mr. W. McI. Smith, Grad. I. Fire E. was promoted Chief Officer on 1st May, 1946.

Station Officer C. W. Brand, Grad. I. Fire E. was appointed Deputy Chief Officer with effect from 5th Decem- ber, 1946.

Strike.

Following the presentation to Government of demands for improved conditions of service, 179 members of the Brigade went on strike on the 12th July, 1946. The strike ended on 22nd July, 1946, when Government's terms were accepted and all ranks resumed duty. Included in the amended conditions of service was the introduction of the 24 hour on-off system of duty in place of the 3 day on with one day off system. To render the new condition operative, the staff was increased by 92, from 312 to 404 all ranks.

During the period of the strike Fire Stations were manned by service personnel.

Commendations.

Divisional Officer K. H. J. Brooks, Station Officer C. W. Browne, Fireman Tsoi Chiu and Seaman Li Chee were recipients of letters of commendation from His Excellency the Governor, Sir Mark Young, for their bravery and initiative on the occasion of the "Sai On" Fire when they jointly were responsible for the rescue of 22 persons.

Long service medals were awarded to 23 members of the staff who have completed 18 years or more service with the Brigade.

Fire Engines.

The Brigade has been able to effect the return to the Colony of the two modern, 1250 gallons per minute, fire engines which were removed to Tokyo on 26th April, 1943, by the Japanese and installed in the Imperial Palace. Follow- ing mechanical repairs necessitated by inefficient maintenance the engines were again placed in commission locally.

All of our fire engines suffered in varying degrees by neglect during the period of occupation. With one exception they have been overhauled and repaired and are now in serviceable condition. The exception requires major engine parts from the United Kingdom. These are expected to

arrive soon.

( 3 )

Five fire engines, obsolete in 1941 but retained in service in connection with war emergency measures, have been disposed of by sale.

Fire Stations.

All city and urban stations are fully manned and equipped. To ensure greater fire protection for the more remote areas, additional engines have been installed at Tai O and Cheung Chau Stations. Arrangements are in hand for the opening of additional stations at Sheung Shui and Sai Kung.

Fire Floats.

Sunk by bombs and refloated on two occasions during hostilities, No. 1 Fire Float suffered considerable damage to engines, boilers and hull. A Board of Survey recommended that the vessel was beyond economical repair and it was accordingly disposed of. A "Tanac" launch equipped with fire pump, deck monitor and deliveries was commissioned in place of the float.

No. 2 Fire Float fared better during the war but extensive repairs to engine and hull were necessary. These have been carried out and the float is now in sound condition.

Fire Hydrants.

Extensive repairs to street fire hydrants have been carried out by the Water Department. Many pedestal hydrants rendered useless by the removal of valves and other brass components have been made serviceable. Altogether 260 hydrants of this type have been repaired or replaced. All hydrants have been periodically inspected and tested. The policy of replacing ground hydrants by the pedestal type where practicable is being continued.

Fire Alarms.

An order has been placed through Crown Agents for the Colonies, for the supply of a 100 point A.T.M. public fire alarm system to replace the system destroyed during hostilities. It is anticipated that delivery of the alarms will be made and their installation commenced before the end of 1947.

Fire Prevetion.

The Fire Brigade has been very active in matters relating to fire prevention and a total of 3217 inspections of premises has been made during the period of this report. Prosecutions

(4)

were undertaken in 121 instances of illegal storage of danger- ous goods and fines amounting to $10,760.00 were imposed on offenders.

Fire Hydrant Installations.

Fire service installations in Government Buildings have been thoroughly overhauled and all equipment restored to pre-war standard. Installations in private buildings are, following inspections and advice by the Fire Brigade, being restored as materials come to hand.

Ambulance Service.

Following the requisition of 7 Army type Ford ambu- lances, an emergency and accident ambulance service was put into operation on 1st June, 1946. Since that date 3775 patients have been conveyed to hospitals and the ambulances have covered a total of 27251 miles.

I append hereto :-

I. Monthly Summary of Inspections.

II. Summary of Serious Fires.

III.

Monthly Summary of Ambulance Calls.

IV. Summary of Stations and Plant.

V. Summary of Estimated Loss by Fire.

a podepsandles t

Sd. W. M..SMITH,

C. O., F. B.

10. 6. 47.

'46

#

APPENDIX I.

Summary of Inspections.

TOTAL

Garages

Theatres & Cinemas, Boarding Houses

Factories & Workshops

Licensed Premises

1

1

11

4

CONI

2

1

6 |

12 | 28 |

17

61

75

3

8

7

5

36 1

10

23

13

120

10

9

31 11

5

13

6

10

61

3 1

1

77

52

68

14

81

153

76

67

15

25 |

33

32

616

2

21 3

1.

I

1

9

Eating Houses & Restaurants.

6 |

35

17 36

47

35 |

15 |

8

17❘

11 !

9

236

Timber Yards & Storages.

25

48

56

45

17 |

66 |

33 |

3 1

21

4

6

324

Buildings

1

1

1

3 1

1 |

2

9

High & Low Flash Intiammable Liquids

1

10

24

15 |

30

27

26

23

11

11

186

Petrol Pumps

15 |

1

5 1

1

1 !

1

16

3 |

5 1 4

52

Kerosene Stores in Shops.

24 |

56

49

64 I

90 | 122 |

49 |

56 1

42 | 193 |

745

Dangerous Goods in General

18

13 |

21 |

14

4

47

35

18 |

2 |

93 | 8

273

Offensive Trades

7

3

7

9

9

4

2

2

3

1

2

49

Fireworks Storages

8

26

100

8

7

25

541

128

Neon Light Advertising Signs.

5 1

47

53

Vernacular Schools

2 |

3

5

15

18

24 |

72

Dancing Halls & Academies.

1

2

2

2

2 |

11

2 |

1 |

24

Fire Service Installations

11

5

15

1 |

21

10 |

12 |

40

15 |

111

Miscellaneous

8 | 4

31 1

9

8

31 4 |

21

14 |

21

58

TOTAL..

155 241

226

282

354

380

355 | 230

219

346

429

3217

'46

'46

( 5 )

'46

'47

'47

47

APPENDIX II.

Summary of most serious fires for the period 1st May, 1946 to 31st March, 1947.

PLACE

FIRE EXTINGUISHED BY.

DATE.

TIME OF CALL (hours)

Hydrants.

11th May, 1946

12.44

Admiralty House,

Conduit Road.

12th August, 1946

08.53

A.P.C. Installation,

Tai Kok Tsui.

2

คง

28th August, 1946

12 00

Royal Air Force

Garage,

2

Garden Road.

6th November, 1946

10.14

78, Un Chau St.,

2

Sham Shui Po.

Pumps.

2

Fire Floats.

2 and 2 foam

units.

Ε

2 and 2 foam

units.

4th February, 1947

04.58

S.S. "SAI ON" lying

alongside

2

3

Tung On Wharf.

2

REMARKS.

A building of two floors covering an area of about 100 feet X 60 feet, and contents severely damaged by fire and roof off.

A steel and corrugated iron shed about 100 feet X 80 feet and 5,000 gallons of petrol destroyed by fire.

A wooden shed building about 100 feet X 40 feet and contents consisting of motor spares, tyres, etc. destroyed by fire.

A R.C.C. building of 3 floors used as knitting factory and dwelling. Second floor and contents severely damaged by fire following a petrol explosion which instantly killed 11 persons.

A river steamer of 1950 tons gross. Two upper decks severely damaged by fire and cargo in lower deck damaged by fire and water. 132 per- sons trapped aft of lower deck perished. 25 persons rescued from ship and har- bour and removed to hospital by Fire Brigade Ambulances,

( 7 )

APPENDIX III.

Summary of Ambulance Calls.

LIBRARY

No. of

Month.

No. of

calls.

Miles run.

patients.

June,

1946

8

9

50

July,

306

330

2196

August,

475

455

3744

September,

396

389

2995

**

October,

429

462

3142

November,

666

764

4970

I

December,

393

424

3334

January,

1947

356

394

2611

February,

259

273

2106

March,

262

275

2103

3550

3775

27251

APPENDIX IV.

Stations and Plant at 31st March, 1947.

PLANT

STATION.

Motor Pumps.

Motor Escapes (with Pumps)

Turntable Ladders.

Emergency Tenders

Trailer Pumps

Fire Floats Ambulances.

HONG KONG:

Central

2

1

Eastern

1

1

Western

1

Shaukiwan

Aberdeen

Aplichau

King Shan Wharf..

KOWLOON:-

1

1

1

1

1

1

2

2

ลง

2

I

J

2

ลง

Kowloon

Terminus

Un Long

Tai Po

Cheung Chau Island..

Tai O

Total:

6

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

1

ลง

2

2

2

2

14

2

7

1

1

( 8 )

(9)

APPENDIX V.

Summary of Estimated loss monetary by fire.

(Figures in brackets indicate number of fires)

MONTH.

UNDER $500

NOT EXCEEDING

EXCEEDING $5,000

TOTAL

$2,000

$5,000

1946

$

$

$

$

May.

435 (15)

1,000 (1)

4,000 (1)

56,000 (2)

$ 61,435 (19)

June.

325 (12)

1,400 (1)

3,000 (1)

Nil.

4,725 (14)

July.

510 (14)

1,600 (2)

Nil.

9,600 (1)

11,710(17)

August.

183 ( 6 )

2,200 (2)

5,000 (1)

130,000 (4)

137,383 (15)

Sept.

219(16)

2,000 (1)

3,000 (1)

31,000 (2)

36,219(20)

Oct.

417 (10)

600 (1)

Nil.

Nil.

1,017 (11)

Nov.

980 (22)

4,500 (3)

4,000 (1)

80,000 (2)

89,480 (28)

Dec.

2,089 (43)

5,000 (3)

3,000 (1)

150,000 (1)

160,089 (48)

1947

Jan.

310 (20)

2,000 (1)

Nil.

40,000 (1)

42,310(22)

Feb.

1,152 (24)

1,200 (1)

Nil.

1,599,800 (4)

1,602,152 (29)

March.

1,152 (31)

800 (1)

Nil.

70,300 (3)

72,252 (35)

TOTAL

7,772 (215)| 22,300 (17) || 22,000 (6) 2,166,700 (20)

2.218,772 (258)