Administrative Reports - 1922

ADMINISTRATIVE REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1922

Table of Contents

0 Preface

1 Finances

2 Shipping and Trade, industries, Fisheries, agriculture, and Land

3 Legislation

4 Education

5 Public Works

6 Government and aided institutions

7 Institutions Not Supported By Government

8 Criminal and Police

9 Vital Statistics

10 Postal and Telegraph Services

A Financial Returns

A(1) Finances

B Assessment

C Secretariat for Chinese affairs

D Harbour office

E Imports and Exports office

F Royal Observatory

G Supreme Court

H Police Magistrates' Courts

I Land office

J New Territories

K Police and Fire Brigade

L Prison

M Sanitary

M(1) Medical

N Botanical and forestry

O Education

P Volunteer Corps (Not Published)

Q Public Works

R Post office

S Railway

 




HONGKONG.

ANNUAL GENERAL REPORT FOR 1922.

PREFACE.

The Colony of Hongkong is situated off the south-eastern coast of China between latitude 22° 9' and 22° 17′ N. and longitude 114° 5′ and 114° 18′ E. The island is about 11 miles long and 2 to 5 miles in breadth, its circumference being about 27 miles and its area 283 square miles. It consists of an irregular ridge of lofty hills rising to a height of nearly 2,000 feet above sea level, stretch- ing nearly east and west, with few valleys of any extent and little ground available for cultivation.

The island, then desolate and sparsely inhabited by fishermen, was ceded to Great Britain in January, 1841; the cession being confirmed by the Treaty of Nankin in August, 1842; and the charter bears the date 5th April, 1843. All that part of Kowloon peninsula lying South of Kowloon Fort to the northernmost point of Stonecutter's Island together with that island was ceded to Great Britain under the Convention signed at Peking in October, 1860, and under the Convention signed at Peking in June, 1898, the area known as the New Territories including Mirs Bay and Deep Bay was leased to Great Britain by the Government of China for 99 years.

The area of the New Territories and Islands is

about 345 sq. miles.

Trade gradually developed as China became accustomed to foreign intercourse and it increased greatly owing to the opening of the Suez Canal. It now stands at about 200 million pounds sterling per annum.

Large local banking, dock, steamboat, and insurance companies were established between 1865 and 1872, and their numbers are being continually added to.

The Colony is the centre of an incessant flow of Chinese emigration and immigration.

GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.

An important incident of the year was the visit of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales who arrived in the Colony in H.M.S. "Renown" on the 6th April. The residents of the Colony of all nationalities lent their assistance in giving His Royal Highness a hearty welcome and various forms of entertainment had been pre- pared. The weather, however, was disappointing and the Colony, whose beauty lies in her rugged hills, was enveloped in mist the whole period of the visit and the Peak and surrounding hills were invisible. Notwithstanding the inclement weather His Royal Highness made the most of the time at his disposal and visited all the principal institutions of the Colony.

In the early part of the year difficulties occurred in the Ship- ping Trade owing to dissatisfaction among the Chinese seamen who put forward a demand for an increase in wages which the ship- owners were disinclined to agree to. This resulted in a general strike of all classes of seamen and for some time paralysed the shipping of the port. The strike extended to many other branches of labour and intimidation of those willing to work was resorted to by certain unions. Some inconvenience was caused to the European population by the house servants leaving their employ- ment. After several conferences had been held between the shipowners and the seamen's representatives a settlement was reached by which the conditions of the employment of seamen were put on a more satisfactory basis, and the strike which had lasted for nearly two months came to an end.

Trade generally remained in a depressed state owing to the feeling of unrest which prevailed in the adjacent provinces of South China. Shipments of rice, in particular, which have been an important item in the trade of the Colony, were considerably reduced through facilities being opened up in Siam and Saigon for direct export to the United States of America.

Exchange during the year declined considerably the Dollar which on January 1st stood at 2s. 74d., at the close of the year had fallen to 2s. 23d.

The development of the Colony during the year still continued and the influx of capital from South China resulted in considerable sales of land for building purposes, and unduly inflated the value of property. So long as China remains in the present unsettled state it is to be expected that the Colony will be made the tem- porary home of many of the merchants of Canton and other parts of South China.

A serious case of piracy occurred on the 19th November on board the s.s. "Sui An" which runs between Hongkong and Macao. On her return journey from Macao a number of Chinese, who had embarked as passengers, held up the Steamer, killing two of the Indian Guards and wounding the captain and several others. The steamer was taken to Bias Bay, in Chinese territory, where the pirates landed in junks which appeared to be waiting, taking with them considerable loot. After they had left the steamer it was brought back to Hongkong by the First Officer.

During the year the Governor Sir Edward Stubbs, K.C.M.G., was away from the Colony from 15th June to 18th November during which time the Government was administered by Mr. Claud Severn, C.M.G.

3

I.-FINANCES.

The revenue for the year amounted to $22,291,605 being $5,014,805 more than the estimate and $4,562,933 more than the revenue for the previous year.

Compared with the returns for 1921 there were increases under all the heads except Rent of Government Property.

The expenditure amounted to a total of $18,563,003 inclusive of a sum of $3,575,635 spent on Public Works Extraordinary.

The detailed figures for 1922 are set out in the following

statements:

Light Dues

HEADS OF REVENUE.

Light Dues, Special Assessment -

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise

specified

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes, and Reimbursements in Aid-

Post Office

Kowloon-Canton Railway

-

Rent of Government Property, Land, and

Houses

Interest

Miscellaneous Receipts

TOTAL, (Ordinary)-

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

TOTAL

$

C.

115,979.56

125,185.71

14,681,055.85

1,412,027.09

695,654.50

710,295.75

1,132,116.60

439,291.41

257,654.77

$19,569,261.24 2,721,803.57

- $22,291,064.81

The total expenditure brought to account amounted to $18,563,003 being $1,635,977 less than the estimate, and $2,823,351 more than the expenditure in 1921. Compared with the estimates there were increases under 13 heads as against 14 heads where there were decreases. The excess amounting to $1,099,859 under Miscel- laneous Services was due to :—

University -

Transport of Government Servants Visit of H. R. H. Prince of Wales Expenses of Strike

Food Control Expenses

Loss on Subsidiary Coins

$

c.

200,000.00

119,891.97

127,105.10

59,394.37

55,371.98

393,818.26

$ 955,581.68

Military Expenditure exceeded the estimate by $355,260 due to increase in revenue. Imports and Exports Department shows a saving of $80,044 due to less purchase of Opium and Public Works Extraordinary was less by $3,035,664 than the amount estimated.

:

EXPENDITURE.

$

C.

Governor

94,287.62

Cadet Service

280,567,54

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legis-

lature -

56,454.63

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

21,115.67

Audit Department

51,060.35

Treasury

68,367.64

Harbour Master's Department

310,717.36

Imports & Exports Department

-

631,733.97

Royal Observatory

38,350.10

Miscellaneous Services

1,617,305.35

Judicial and Legal Departments - Police-

282,989.15

1,533,757.51

Fire Brigade

177,799.07

Prison Department

324,175.12

Medical Department

371,781.92

Sanitary Department

548,824.20

Botanical and Forestry Department

71,223.47

Education

728,153.89

Military Expenditure -

3,230,779.89

Public Works Departinent

821,674.89

Do.

Recurrent

1,074,646.30

Do.

Extraordinary

3,575,635.19

Post Office -

309,042.61

Kowloon-Canton Railway

922,355.75

Charge on account of Public Debt

914,040.12

Pensions

429,361.04

Charitable Services

76,802.56

TOTAL

$18,563,002.91

The balance to the credit on the year's working was $3,728,062 and the assets and liabilities account showed on the 31st December a credit balance of $12,658,642.

The following is a statement of the revenue and expenditure of the Colony for the five years 1918-1922 :-

Revenue.

1918

1919

1920

1921

1922

:

:

:

Expenditure.

$

$35

18,665,248

16,252,172

16,524,975

17,915,925

14,689,672 14,489,594

17,728,132 15,739,652

22,291,065

18,563,003

!

5

The amount of the consolidated loan stands at £1,485,733. Against this there is at credit of the Sinking Fund a sum of £399,591. The Local Loan under Ordinance No. 12 of 1916 amounts to $3,000,000 and there are the sums of $906,699 and £93,657 at credit of the Sinking Fund.

A new valuation for Assessment was made for the year com- mencing 1st July, 1922, resulting as follows:-

Increases:

The City of Victoria

$722,943

The Hill District ...

18,765

Shaukiwan, Saiwanho and Quarry Bay

29,375

Hongkong Villages

54,205

Kowloon Point

51,130

Yaumati

95,940

Mongkoktsui

39,490

Hunghom and Hok Un

27,460

Kowloon Villages...

15,570

54,391

New Territories

The rateable value of the whole Colony amounted to $19,805,929 having increased by $1,109,269.

During the period 1913-1922 the assessment of the whole Colony has risen from $12,435,812 to $19,805,929, an increase in rateable value of $7,370,117.

The circulation on the 31st December of notes of the three Banks having authorised issues was as follows:-

Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Cor-

poration

Chartered Bank of India, Australia, &

China

Mercantile Bank of India, Limited

$ 34,974,774

11,239,602

1,364,413

$ 47,578,789

The currency of the Colony consists, in addition to the notes of these Banks, of British, Hongkong, and Mexican Dollars and of subsidiary coin, which continued at par throughout the year.

The total issue of subsidiary coins less those demonetized, now amounts to $18,789,370 nominal value, and they were up to the

year 1905 readily absorbed at par, large quantities being taken by the neighbouring provinces of China. During 1916 ten cent pieces of the face value of $5,028,000 were shipped to Calcutta for purposes of demonetization. The discount which prevailed be- tween 1905 and 1916 may be attributed to the immense quantity of similar coin which was minted at Canton as well as to the amount of Hongkong coin minted largely in excess of the needs of the Colony by itself. In 1905 the Hongkong Government ceased to issue any subsidiary coin and in 1906 it began a policy of demonet- ising all its subsidiary coin received as revenue.

This policy was continuously followed till 1918 except during a brief period in 1911. Coin to the face value of $21,235,459 has thus been redeemed. The total issue by the Hongkong Government was of the face value of about $44,000,000.

II. SHIPPING AND TRADE, INDUSTRIES, FISHERIES, AGRICULTURE, AND LAND.

(a.)—SHIPPING.

The total of the shipping entering and clearing at ports in the Colony during the year 1922 amounted to 708,244 vessels of 46,566,764 tons, which, compared with the figures for 1921, shows an increase of 35,564 vessels, with an increase of 3,145,994 tons.

Of the above, 50,427 vessels of 29,543,564 tons were engaged in foreign trade, as compared with 52,222 vessels of 27,852,616 tons in. 1921.

Of vessels of European construction, 5,318 ocean steamers, 3,552 river steamers, and 3,243 steamships not exceeding 60 tons, entered during the year, giving a daily average of 33-2 ships, as compared with 33-8 ships in 1921 and 29-4 ships in 1920.

The average tonnage of individual ocean vessels entering the Port has increased from 1,919-8 to 2,068 6 tons, that of British ships has increased from 1,997.5 to 2,1310 tons while that of foreign ships has increased from 1,857'9 to 1,957-7 tons.

The average tonnage of individual river steamers entering during the year has increased from 460.5 to 598'8 tons.

That of British river steamers has increased from 5705 to 822-8 tons, and that of foreign river steamers has increased from 316-7 to 318'9 tons.

year 1905 readily absorbed at par, large quantities being taken by the neighbouring provinces of China. During 1916 ten cent pieces of the face value of $5,028,000 were shipped to Calcutta for purposes of demonetization. The discount which prevailed be- tween 1905 and 1916 may be attributed to the immense quantity of similar coin which was minted at Canton as well as to the amount of Hongkong coin minted largely in excess of the needs of the Colony by itself. In 1905 the Hongkong Government ceased to issue any subsidiary coin and in 1906 it began a policy of demonet- ising all its subsidiary coin received as revenue.

This policy was continuously followed till 1918 except during a brief period in 1911. Coin to the face value of $21,235,459 has thus been redeemed. The total issue by the Hongkong Government was of the face value of about $44,000,000.

II. SHIPPING AND TRADE, INDUSTRIES, FISHERIES, AGRICULTURE, AND LAND.

(a.)—SHIPPING.

The total of the shipping entering and clearing at ports in the Colony during the year 1922 amounted to 708,244 vessels of 46,566,764 tons, which, compared with the figures for 1921, shows an increase of 35,564 vessels, with an increase of 3,145,994 tons.

Of the above, 50,427 vessels of 29,543,564 tons were engaged in foreign trade, as compared with 52,222 vessels of 27,852,616 tons in. 1921.

Of vessels of European construction, 5,318 ocean steamers, 3,552 river steamers, and 3,243 steamships not exceeding 60 tons, entered during the year, giving a daily average of 33-2 ships, as compared with 33-8 ships in 1921 and 29-4 ships in 1920.

The average tonnage of individual ocean vessels entering the Port has increased from 1,919-8 to 2,068 6 tons, that of British ships has increased from 1,997.5 to 2,1310 tons while that of foreign ships has increased from 1,857'9 to 1,957-7 tons.

The average tonnage of individual river steamers entering during the year has increased from 460.5 to 598'8 tons.

That of British river steamers has increased from 5705 to 822-8 tons, and that of foreign river steamers has increased from 316-7 to 318'9 tons.

7

A comparison between the years 1921 and 1922 is given in the following table :-

Class of Vessels.

1921.

1922.

Increase.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

Decrease.

3

No.

Tonnage.

British

going,

Foreign Ocean-

going,

Ocean-

4,630 9,247,198 4,547 9,688,891

441,693

83

5,827

10,817,413

6,095 12,282,271

266

1,463,698

:

British

River

Steamers,

5,743

3,519,294

4,866 3,731,227

211,933

876

Foreign River

Steamers, ..

1,810

580,088

2,244

- 732,715

434

152,627

Steamships under

60 tons (Foreign Trade),

6,687 195,727 6,520 200,363

Junks, Foreign

Trade,

27,525 3,491,736 26,155 2,908,097

4,636

167

1,370

583,639

Total, Foreign

Trade,

52,222 27,852,616 50,427 29,543,564

700

2,274,587

2,496

583,639

Steam Launches plying in Wa- ters of the

Colony,

597,386

14,174,320 639,554 15,903.758

42,168 1,729,438

Junks,

Trade,

Local

*23,072 $1,394,034 18,263 +1,119,442

4,809

274,592

Grand Total,

672,680 43,420,970 708,244 46,566,764 42,868 4,004,025 7,305

858,231

Net Increase,

35,363 3,145,794

*Including 11,922 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 895,788 tons.

11,134

>

795,926

22

In steamships not exceeding 60 tons employed in foreign trade, there is a decrease of 167 ships with an increase in tonnage of 4,636 tons or 12.9 per cent. in numbers and 0.6 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to larger launches employed in Foreign trading and a number of small launches being laid up owing to the unsettled state of Canton where many small launches were commandeered by the armies.

Junks in foreign trade show a decrease of 1,370 vessels and a decrease of 583,639 tons or 519 per cent. in numbers and 99 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to a number of Junks being held up during the Seamen's Strike.

In local trade (i.e. between places within the waters of the Colony) there is an increase in steam-launches of 42,168 and an increase of 1,729,438 tons or 7'1 per cent. in numbers and 12:2 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to a greater number of launches being employed in towing and transporting workmen and material for reclamation work.

Junks in local trade show a decrease of 4,809 vessels and a decrease of 274,592 tons or 12'6 per cent. in numbers and 2.5 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to a number of junks being laid up during the Seamen's Strike.

This table shows a decrease in British ocean-going shipping of 83 ships or 90 per cent. and an increase of 441,694 tons or 32·8 per cent. This decrease is due in ships to the number of ships being. laid up during the Seamen's Strike. The increase in tonnage is due to large vessels frequenting the Port, also to new locally built vessels.

British river steamers have decreased by 876 ships with an increase in tonnage of 211,933 tons or 97 per cent. in numbers and 12.6 per cent. in tonnage. This decrease in ships is due to ships being laid up during the Seamen's Strike. The increase in tonnage is due to the "Wah Kuei" and "Tin Sing" which were laid up being again put on the run and the 'tween deck space measurement being included in the tonnage.

Foreign ocean-going vessels have increased by 266 ships with an increase of 1,463,698 tons or 121 per cent. in numbers and 416 per cent. in tonnage. This increase is due to more and larger American vessels also German vessels now visiting the Port.

Foreign river steamers show an increase of 434 ships with an increase in tonnage of 152,627 tons or 44 per cent. in numbers and 2.5 per cent. in tonnage. This increase is due to the "Hui Hoi," "Taion", and "Wo Fu" which were originally steam lighters being converted into River steamers. This increase in tonnage is due to the above mentioned vessels and the 'tweendeck space measurements being included in the tonnage.

The actual number of individual ocean-going vessels of European construction during the year 1922 was 1,092 of which 410 were British and 682 foreign. In 1921 the corresponding figures were 988 of which 343 were British and 645 foreign,

These 1,092 ships measured 3,202,516 tons. They entered 5,318 times and gave a collective tonnage of 11,000,748 tons.

Thus 104 more ships entered 86 more times and gave a collec- tive tonnage greater by 956,326 tons, an average of 11,120'0 tons per entry.

3

The

Thus:

Steamers.

No. of times entered.

Total Tonnage.

Flag.

1921. 1922. | 1921. 1922. 1921.

1922.

British,

343

410 2,319 2,273 4,632,195 4,843,837

Japanese,..

351

U.S.A.,

89

94 241 258

Chinese,

74

80

864

334 1,298 1,246 2,870,394 2,881,813

863,673, 1,109,460

836 586,122 591,048

Brazilian,

1

Steamers 10

18

14

37

56,172 108,671

Danish

Sailing..

1

1

580

Dutch,

41.

46

176 203

484,152 618,455

French,

32

33

149

190

282,834 386,440

Greek

1

1

1,882

German,

12

26

99,810

Italian,.....

7

7

21

22

78,372 79,879

Inter Allied,

2

4

19.738

Norwegian, ......

19

38

102 176

102,349 197,436

Portuguese,.

5

4

7

4. 8,664 2.103

Russian,

1

3

4,479

1,544

Sarawak,

1

3

2,676

Siamese,

5

6

22

34

24,096 38,403

Swedish,

8

7

12

26,044 41,849

Total,.

988 1,092 5,232 5,319

5,232 5,319 | 10,044,422 11,000;704

E

10

The Nationality of the Crews in British and in Foreign Ships was as follows:-

AMERICANS

VESSELS.

BRITISH CREW.

AND OTHER EUROPEANS.

ASIATICS.

1921. 1922.

1921. 1922.

1921. 1922. 1921. 1922.

British, 343 410 28,262 28,161 600 1,235 176,476 180,330

Foreign,. 645 682

1,722 1,796 22,927 27,586 171,168 151,338

Total, 988 1,092 29,984 29,957 23,527 28,821 347,644331,668

And in Foreign ships :-

Hence in British ships :-

1921. 1922.

1921.

13.76 %

0.29 %

13.43 % of the crews were British. 0.59% of the crews were other Europeans.

0.88 %

1922. 100% of the crews

were British.

11.71 %

15.42% of the crews

were other

Europeans.

85.95 % 85.98% of the crews were Asiatics.

87.41% 83.58 % of the crews

were Asiaties.

100·00 % 100·00 %

100.00% 100·00 %

Trade.

Detailed and accurate statistics of imports and exports are collected and published by the Imports and Exports Depart-

ment.

Imports.

The number and tonnage of ships of European type of con- struction carrying cargo for import and transit, compared with 1921 were as follows:-

1921.

1922,

Increase.

Decrease.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

Steamers,..... 5,231|10,043,842| 5,318|11,000,704 River Steamers, 3,778 2,050,791|3,552| 2,229,597 Sailing Vessels, 1

580

1

14

11

87 956,862

178,806 226

536

:

Total,... 91010|12,095,213 8,871 [13,230,345

871,135,66 226

536

Nett Increase,

1,135,132 139

11

EXPORTS.

The corresponding figures relating to ships of European type of construction, shipping bunker coal, are as follows:-

1921.

1922.

Increase.

Decrease.

No. Tonnage. No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

Steamers,

5,226 | 10,020,769| 5,322|10,970,458

River Steamers, 3,775

2,048,591| 3,558| 2,231,345

Sailing Vessels,

1

580

44

96 949,689

185,754) 216

536

Total,... 9,002|12,069,940 | 8,881 | 13,204,846

96 1,135,143) 216

536

Net Increase,

... 1,134,907 120

1921.

1922.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Bunker Coal.

No.

Bunker Coal.

No.

Bunker Coal.

Bunker

No.

Coal.

Steamers,

5,226

508,793 5,322

439,734 96

River Steamers, 3,775

69,906 | 3,558

59,159 217

:

69,059

10,747

Total,... 9,001

578,699 8,880

498,893 313

79,806

Net decrease....

313

79,806

The River Trade, compared with 1921, is shown in the following Table :--

Year.

Imports.

Exports.

Passengers.

1921,

412,274

353,683

1,790,062

1922.

353,134

452,424

1,436,434

1

:

- 12 -

The following table shows the junk trade of the Colony for the years 1921 and 1922 :----

IMPORTS.

1921.

1922.

Junks.

Tons,

Junks.

Tons.

Foreign Trade,...... 13,742

1,755,153

12,927

1,578,924.

Local Trade, ....... 5,495

244,730

3,516

162,521

Total,

19,237

1,999,883-

16,443

1,741,445

Imported 788,294 tons as under :--

Cattle, 945 head,.................

Swine, 9,309 head,

Earth and Stones,

General,

Tons.

111

541

27,127

760,515

Total,.........

788,294

EXPORTS.

1921.

1922.

Junks.

Tons.

Junks.

Tons.

Foreign Trade,...... 13,783

1,736,583

13,228

1,616,084

Local Trade,...

5,655

253,516

3,613

160,990

Total,

19,438

1,990,099

16,841

1,777,074

Exported 1,138,280 tons as under :-

Kerosine, 1,658,035 cases,

Rice and Paddy,

Coal,.......

General,

Tons.

55,417

439,409

231,702

411,752

Total,......

.1,138,280

13

OPIUM.

Four hundred and seventy-one (471) chests of Persian opium were imported during the year. 471 chests were exported to Formosa.

Six hundred and five (605) chests of uncertificated Indian Opium were imported; 475 chests for the Macao opium farmer, and the remaining 130 chests for the government opium monopoly.

The table below shows the total imports and exports since 1914:-

1922. 1921. 1920. 1919. 1918. 1917. 1916. 1915. 1914.

Chests. Chests. Chests, Chests. Chests Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests.

Stock in hand on

1st January, Imported during

the year,

2261 329 329 253 7994 977||| 1,303|||| 2,2561 1,580)

1,076 658 1,525 1,290 1,259 1,657 1,706 1,873 3,059

Total,...... 1,302} 987 1,854 1,543 2,0581 2,634||3,0091 4,129 7,640.

Boiled by Opium

Farmer,

36

Boiled by Govern-

ment,

311

200 225 377 539 352 365 340

413

Spurious Opium

destroyed,

Used locally...

13

17

19

3

Missing or stolen,

Sold to Govern-

ment,

12

i

Exported during

the year,

946

548

Total,....... 1,257}

1,297

760 1,525 1,214 | 1,805|| 1,835 |2,032 2,826 5,383

837 | 1,2651|1,469 |1,667 2,469 4.9111

Stock remaining on 31st December,..

45

2261 329 329 253. 799 977 1,303 2,256

Emigration and Immigration.

Ninety eight thousand three hundred and ninety-three (98,393) emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1922, (156,011 in 1921). Of these, 52,638 were carried in British ships, and 45,755 in foreign ships.

One hundred and forty-three thousand five hundred and forty- seven (143,547) returning emigrants were reported to have been brought to Hongkong from the several places to which they had emigrated either from this colony or from coast ports, as against 159,064 in 1921. Of these, 85,057 arrived in British ships, and 58,490 in foreign ships.

:

14

Statement of number of emigrants to Straits Settlements, 1911 to 1922, compared with total Chinese emigration.

No. of Emigrants to

Straits Settlements.

Total No. of

Emigrants.

1911

100,906

135,565

1912

84,024

122,657

1913

102,353

142,759

1914

44,974

76,296

1915

41,278

68,275

1916

82,797

117.653

1917

63,292

96,298

1918

8,019

43,830

1919

11,638

59,969

1920

43,935

105,258

1921

87,324

156,011

1922

50,356

98,393

(b.) INDUSTRIES.

(i.)-Under European management.

Engineering and Shipbuilding.-The figures are as follows for the years 1921 and 1922:-

1921.

M

Taikoo Dock & Eng. Co., Ld....... 9 vessels of 7,725 gross tons and 6,900 I.H.P. H.K. & Whampoa Dock Co., Ld... 6 W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld......... Kwong Fook Cheong

20

26,637 3,387

"

17,700 2,192

"

1

200

"

280

??

Total

......36 vessels of 37,949 gross tons and 27,072 I.H.P.

1922.

H.K. & Whampoa Dock Co., Ld... 6 vessels of 11,842 gross tons and 7,300 I.H.P. Taikoo Dockyard & Eng. Co., Ld. 7 W. S. Bailey & Co., Ld......... 3 Kwong Hip Lung Co., Ld.

A King....

Kung Tuck Cheung

Tong Lee

"

11,087 174

19

??

8,550

19

11

>:

340

2

48

"

141

""

"

2

29

59

""

""

260

1

88

73

11

400

""

1

41

39

""

80

21

:

Total

.22 vessels of 23,309 gross tons and 17,074 I.H.P.

Sugar. The year 1922 saw many fluctuations in price but on the whole was an uninteresting period. We still look for a more satisfactory state of affairs when normal production and consumption definitely returns. Trade in China was bad owing to the political

unrest.

Yarn. The yarn trade during 1922 was very unsatisfactory from the point of view of importers but the local dealers are said to have closed the year on a profitable basis.

The total quantity of yarn imported into the colony during the year amounted to 120,000 bales and 14,000 bales were brought forward from the previous year.

15

Clearances totalled 110,000 bales and the carry over for 1923 amounted to 24,000 bales.

Cotton. Middling American cotton was quoted in Liverpool at the commencement of the year at 11.694. The rate declined gradu- ally reaching lowest point for the year on 6th February 9.6d. A reaction set in and advances were reported until 13.604 was reached on 16th June. During the latter half of June, July, August, September it fluctuated between that figure at 12.20, which was reached on 29th September.

The official reports issued at the commencement of October indicated a prospective shortage and prices advanced rapidly until 15.60d was reached on the 10th November. A slight drop was then registered and during the last six weeks various rates were quoted between that figure at 14.564 with 15.29d as the final rate for the

year.

Rope Making. For the first part of the year the demand was fairly good and prices for raw material were low but towards the close of the year the Manila hemp market steadily advanced and prices for rope were correspondingly increased and the demand was checked. The prospects of business for the new year are therefore rather unfavourable but on the other hand the fall in the sterling value of the dollar will to some extent offset the increased cost as far as exports to gold using countries are concerned.

Cement Manufacture. There was a strong demand for cement throughout the year, but very severe competition was experienced in all markets, due to the importation of cheap cement from Europe, which necessitated prices being reduced to an absolute minimum. The actual turnover locally was much the same as last year.

:

(ii).-Under Chinese Management.

Tin.-Business was fairly good and United States bought freely and Dealers were given an opportunity of clearing somewhat large surplus stocks carried over from 1921. The comparative table is as follows:-

Imports.

Exports. 1921. 1922.

1921. 1922.

From Straits..

tons. 700

tons.

tons. tons.

47 To United

Kingdom ...2,000

863

China .........8,250 8,566

"

China

>>

United States...1,000 7,043

Japan....... ...1,000 1,271

...2,100 2,878

Total...8,950 8,613

Total...6,100 12,055

Native Tobacco.-Very little business done during the year and total exports are estimated at £471,252 as compared with £513,478 for 1921.

16

Leather and Hides.-Returns in these lines are as follows :-

: For 1922.

Buffalo-piculs.. 6,714

For 1921.

Buffalo-piculs. 11,243

Cow

...58,642

Cow

Goat

...

2,126

Goat

>>

Sheep

1,388

""

Sheep

""

دو

...54,911

6,254

615

Very few hides arrived from Kwangsi on account of continued trouble in the Interior.

Ginger and Preserves.-A considerable increase in this line is reported, exports for 1922 being £206,099 as compared with £149,093 for 1921.

Soy.-An increase is also reported in this line, returns showing £61,447 as against £50,639 for 1921.

Chinese Paper.-A decrease took place, exports being put at 48,058 piculs whereas in 1921 61,725 piculs

were done. Vermilion-Very little business done.

in 1922 as against £124,410 for 1920.

£110,063 were done

Lard.-Demand from abroad very poor and returns show de- crease, being piculs 61,208 as compared with 80,223 for 1921.

Tinned Goods.-Business remains about same as previous year. Shamshoo.-Returns show decrease on years trading. £112,215 were done in 1921, current year is estimated at £86,371.

Vinegar. About same as previous year.

Knitted Vests and Socks.-Some exports business done but the Interior troubles hit this trade badly and one or two factories sus- pended business.

Rattan and Fibre Furniture.-Returns show an improvement on 1921 when £142,107 was done whereas current year figures is estimated at £165,846.

(c.)-FISHERIES.

A considerable proportion of the boat population of Hongkong supports itself by deep-sea fishing, in which pursuit a large number of junks are engaged. The villages of Aberdeen, Stanley. Shauki- wan, and also many in the New Territories, are largely dependent upon this industry for their prosperity. Fresh water fish is im- ported from Canton and the West River. There are oyster beds of considerable value in Deep Bay.

(d.)-FORESTRY, AGRICULTURE, AND BOTANY.

Formation of Pine tree plantations.

On the hills adjoining Tai Wo Po, 5,000 one year old trees of Pinus massoniana were planted.

Pine seeds were sown in situ at the following places-16,590 at Little Hongkong, 3,470 at Mount Davis, 59,725 at Ngau Chi Wan and 49,670 at Tytam Tuk. Failures of seeds sown in situ at Cheung Chau and Fanling were replaced.

17

On the turfed banks below Taipo and Tsin Wan Roads, 40 lbs. of Pine seeds were sown broadcast.

One hundred and sixty seven trees, one year old, of Pinus massoniana were added to the small plantation at the Water Police Station, Tsim Sha Tsui.

Broad-leaved trees planted.

Shade and flowering trees used for roadside planting were Melia azedarach, Bischofia javanica, Ficus. infectoria, Cassia fistula, Tristania conferta, Aleurites triloba, Albizzia lebbek, Poinciana regia, Erythrina indica, Bauhinia variegata, Paulownia fortunei, Celtis sinensis, Melaleuca leucadendron and Cinnamomum camphora these were made use of in the following positions- Wongneichung Gap Road 233, Wongneichung Gap to Deep Water Bay 358, Magazine Gap Road 247, Wanchai Gap Road 571, Severn Road 32, Lugard Road 47, Garden Road 3, Peace Avenue, Ho Mun Tin 72, Argyle Street 72, Jordan Road 45, Gascoigne Road 97, Chatham Road 106, Lai Chi Kok Road 30, Nathan Road 3, Reclama- tion Street 7, Taipo Road 290, Fanling Road 8, Autau Road 87, and in the vicinity of Shum Shui Po Market 22.

A number of trees of Aleurites montana were tried for the first time as a shade tree in Salisbury Road, Kowloon.

Seventy nine trees, one year old, of "Jak" (Artocarpus integrifolia) were planted in the vicinity of Aberdeen Reservoir.

Care of trees in Plantations.

A regular inspection of all planted and native trees was carried out throughout the year.

Pine tree caterpillars made their appearance fortunately in very small numbers on the island and in Kowloon; one plantation adjoining Fanling Golf Course was badly infested with these pests and as soon as they could be detected all were collected and destroyed, the total weight of those dealt with being 4,667 lbs.

Loranthus and creepers were regularly removed from trees on roadsides and in plantations.

Camphor trees, a large percentage of which are regularly attacked by white ants during the dry season, were treated with carbolineum.

Twenty miles of fire barriers were cleared in the mainland and seventeen on the island; these barriers on many occasions proved most useful in checking large fires.

Removal of trees.

In connection with the sale of building lots, formation of new and widening of existing roads, reclamations and other public works, very large numbers of Pine and wild trees and a small number of large roadside trees were removed.

19

year and $2,033,067 more than the average for the previous five years (1917-1921). This result is due not so much to one or two large items like last year, though large figures have been realized in one or two instances, as to a keen competition amongst the Chinese for most of the lots sold.

The principal items were $206,000 for Inland Lot No. 2366, $110,000 for Inland Lot No. 2409, $108,600 for Inland Lot No. 2407, $91,500 for Inland Lot No. 2382, $50,000 for Kowloon Inland Lot No. 1462, $33,700 for Kowloon Inland Lot No. 1441, $33,470 for Kowloon Inland Lot No. 1483 and $30,000 for Rural Building Lot No. 200.

In the New Territories the net amount received for premium on sales of land was $173,054.79, the principal items being $70,000. for New Kowloon Inland Lots Nos. 370 and 371, $12,100 for New Kowloon Inland Lot No.. 350, and $11,603 for New Kowloon Inland Lot No. 364 being $87,463.78 more than the year 1921.

The number of deeds and documents registered in the Land Office was 4,146 rather less than last year which was a record year the aggregate consideration set out in deeds registered was $107,392,435.38 as against $107,855,703.10 in 1921.

Resumptions include Kowloon Farm Lots Nos. 49 and 51 and a number of Agricultural Lots at Kau Pui Shek all of which were required for development purposes.

Development at Shamshuipo continues.

The total area of land sold or granted during the year was 243a. 2r. 263p. of which 152a. 2r. Op. were dealt with by the District Officers. The total area of land resumed was 102a. 3r. 17p.

In the New Territories although the acreage disposed of was considerably less than during 1921 the prices realized shewed an upward tendency in both Districts, the chief feature in the Northern District being the high prices paid for building sites on the reclamation at Taipo Market which realized from 50c. to $1 per square foot, whilst in the Southern District some big prices were paid for Inland lots at New Kowloon.

III. LEGISLATION.

Twenty-five (25) Ordinances were passed during 1922, of which twelve were amendments of previous Ordinances.

20

The most important matters with which these Ordinances dealt

were:-

The Treaty of Peace, (No. 1)-The object of which was to modify certain provisions of the Treaty of Peace Order, 1919, the Treaty of Peace (Austria) Order, 1920, the Treaty of Peace (Bulgaria) Order, 1920, and the Treaty of Peace (Hungary) Order, 1921, as amended, for the purpose of adapting the provisions of the said Orders to the circumstances of the Colony.

The Police Supervision, (No. 4)-The object of this ordinance was to provide for police supervision of certain persons. It was found desirable that, with a view to preventing crime, the police should be empowered to supervise persons convicted of serious offences and also of persons believed to be bad characters.

The Emergency Regulations, (No. 5)-This ordinance was. passed with a view to giving the Governor in Council, in case of emergency or public danger, to make such regulations as may appear desirable in the public interest.

The Supreme Court (Original Jurisdiction) Emergency, (No. 7)-This was to empower the Chief Justice, as necessity may require, to appoint temporarily solicitors to conduct cases in the Original Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.

The Registration of Imports and Exports, (No. 12)—The object of this ordinance was to simplify the collection of trade statistics and at the same time to remove some of the formalities which inconvenienced the import and export trade.

The Rents, (No. 14)-This ordinance was passed in order to extend temporarily the provisions of the Rents Ordinance, 1921, with certain amendments.

The Industrial Employment of Children, (No. 22)-The object of which was to carry out so far as passible the recommendation of the Commission on the Industrial Employment of Children which was appointed by H.E. the Governor on the 24th March, 1921.

IV. EDUCATION.

No important changes have taken place in the Education Department during the year under review. The staff, depleted by causes due to the war, is being gradually brought up to normal strength again.

20

The most important matters with which these Ordinances dealt

were:-

The Treaty of Peace, (No. 1)-The object of which was to modify certain provisions of the Treaty of Peace Order, 1919, the Treaty of Peace (Austria) Order, 1920, the Treaty of Peace (Bulgaria) Order, 1920, and the Treaty of Peace (Hungary) Order, 1921, as amended, for the purpose of adapting the provisions of the said Orders to the circumstances of the Colony.

The Police Supervision, (No. 4)-The object of this ordinance was to provide for police supervision of certain persons. It was found desirable that, with a view to preventing crime, the police should be empowered to supervise persons convicted of serious offences and also of persons believed to be bad characters.

The Emergency Regulations, (No. 5)-This ordinance was. passed with a view to giving the Governor in Council, in case of emergency or public danger, to make such regulations as may appear desirable in the public interest.

The Supreme Court (Original Jurisdiction) Emergency, (No. 7)-This was to empower the Chief Justice, as necessity may require, to appoint temporarily solicitors to conduct cases in the Original Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.

The Registration of Imports and Exports, (No. 12)—The object of this ordinance was to simplify the collection of trade statistics and at the same time to remove some of the formalities which inconvenienced the import and export trade.

The Rents, (No. 14)-This ordinance was passed in order to extend temporarily the provisions of the Rents Ordinance, 1921, with certain amendments.

The Industrial Employment of Children, (No. 22)-The object of which was to carry out so far as passible the recommendation of the Commission on the Industrial Employment of Children which was appointed by H.E. the Governor on the 24th March, 1921.

IV. EDUCATION.

No important changes have taken place in the Education Department during the year under review. The staff, depleted by causes due to the war, is being gradually brought up to normal strength again.

21

The total number of pupils at schools in the Colony excluding the Police School and the uncontrolled schools in the New Terri- tories are:-

Number of Pupils.

Total.

English

Vernacular

Schools.

Schools.

Government Schools

3,582

19

3,601

Military Schools

131

131

Excluded Private Schools

345

12

357

Grant Schools

2,770

948

3,718

Controlled Private

Schools

6,407

20,120

26,527

Controlled

Private

Schools, New Terri-

tories

4,385

4,385

Technical Institute

495

495

Total

13,730

25,484

39,214.

.

The most important schools, apart from the excluded schools, are Queen's College for Chinese, four District Schools its feeders, and the Belilios Public School for Chinese girls. There is an Indian School of growing importance now housed in a new building pre- sented to the Colony by Sir Ellis Kadoorie. Kowloon School and Kowloon Junior and Victoria Schools for children of British parent- age have an average attendance of 183. There is also a school for the children of the Peak District with an average attendance of 50. The Diocesan School and Orphanage and St. Joseph's College are important boys' schools in receipt of an annual grant. The Italian, French, and St. Mary's Convents, and the Diocesan Girls' School, are the most important of the English Grant Schools for girls.

The Hongkong Technical Institute affords an opportunity for higher education of students who have left school. Instruction was given in 1922 in Building Construction, Machine Drawing, Mechanics, Chemistry (Practical and Theoretical), Physics, Electricity, Com- mercial English, French, Shorthand, Book-keeping. Classes for men and women teachers, both "English" and "Vernacular" feature of the Institute.

are a

The lecturers are recruited from the members of the Medical and Educational faculties of the Colony, and from the Department of Public Works, and receive fees for their services. The Institute is furnished with a well equipped Chemical Laboratory and excel- lent Physical apparatus.

The University of Hongkong, incorporated under the local University Ordinance, 1911, and opened in 1912, is a residential University for students of both sexes for the promotion of Arts,

22

Science and Learning, the provision of higher education, the develop- ment and formation of the character of students of all races, nation- alities, and creeds.

The late Sir Hormusjee Mody, bore the entire expense of the erection of the main building and additions have been made through the liberality of benefactors of varied nationality and domicile.

The University includes the three Faculties of Medicine, Engineering and Arts. Admission to all faculties is conditional upon passing the matriculation examination of the University or some examination recognised as equivalent thereto.

The Faculty of Medicine provides a five year course of study in the usual pre-medical and medical sciences, supplemented by clinical work in the Government Civil and Tung Wah Hospitals, leading to the degree of M.B., B.S. The degrees of M.D., and M.S., may be obtained for post-graduate work. The degrees above-mentioned are recognised by the General Medical Council for registration in Great Britain.

The Faculty of Engineering provides a four year course in practical and theoretical engineering, leading to the degree of B.Sc., (Eng). Fourth year students specialize in civil, in mechanical or in electrical engineering. The degree for post- graduate work is that of M.Sc., (Eng).

The Faculty of Arts includes departments of pure Arts and Science, Education (including practical teaching) and Commerce. The course is in all cases one of four years and leads to the degree of B.A. The degree for post-graduate work is that of M.A.

With a view to better securing the maintenance of the desired standard--which in the Faculty of Medicine is that of an English University degree and in the Faculty of Engineering that of the corresponding degree in the University of London-external examiners are, in all Faculties, associated with the internal examiners in all annual and final examinations. In the Faculty of Engineering, but not in other Faculties, degrees with honours are granted, the standard being assessed by special examiners chosen from amongst the external examiners in the University of London.

The degree of LL.D., is also granted, honoris causa.

The site of the University was given gratuitously by the Colonial Government. As subsequently enlarged by minor grants and by purchase, it includes an area of some 25 acres, looking out upon the harbour over the City of Victoria.

In the main buildings are housed the Chemical, Physical and Biological Laboratories, the University Library and portions of the Engineering Laboratories. They further include a Great Hall, a Senate Room and the Lecture and Class rooms used by the Faculty of Arts and for general purposes.

25

V.-PUBLIC WORKS.

BUILDINGS.

During the year under review the following works made fair progress The Senior Officers' Quarters on the Homestead Site at the Peak, and at Leighton Hill, the former under Messrs. Little, Adams and Wood, and the latter under Messrs. Denison, Ram and Gibbs; and the new Offices for the Public Works Department. Good progress was made with the following works:- In Hongkong,foundations of the new Fire Brigade Station, opposite the Central Market; Maternity Block and alterations to the Sisters' Quarters, Victoria Hospital; site formation for the new Queen's College Building; and the Miniature Rifle Range at the Hongkong Volunteer Defence Corps Headquarters. In Kowloon,-new Police Stations at Yaumati and Mongkoktsui ; and the underground Seismograph Room at the Royal Observatory. The undermentioned works were completed:-In Hongkong, additions and reconstruction of the Kitchen and Garage Blocks at Government House; Outpatients Department, Government Civil Hospital; Quarters for Scavenging Coolies, Belchers Street ; Temporary School for Chinese Boys, Morrison Gap Road; Married Quarters for Police, Caine Road; Gardeners' Quarters, Colonial Cemetery; accommodation for Chinese Linesmen at Cape D'Aguilar Wireless Station; and various Public Conveniences. In Kowloon,- Extension to the Fire Brigade Station; new Class Rooms at the Kowloon British School; and various Public Conveniences. In the New Territories,-the Land Bailiffs' Quarters, Ping Shan, and the Clerks' Quarters, Taipo. Other smaller works of minor importance were also accomplished. The reconstruction of certain sheds at Laichikok for purposes of a prison was nearing completion.

COMMUNICATIONS.

The 2nd and 3rd miles of the road from Taitam Gap to Shek O and Cape D'Aguilar; the extension of the road contouring the hillside in Wongneichong and Tai Hang Valleys; and the diver- sion of the road leading from Pokfulam Road to Victoria Road were completed. Broadwood Road was extended to connect with the new Motor Road contouring Wongneichong Valley.

Substantial progress was made with the undermentioned works-Improving and widening road through Quarry Bay Village; a low level road (25 feet wide) from Island Bay to Big Wave Bay and another of equal width to effect a junction with it, and link up the 3rd mile with Shek O Gap; and the 1st Section of the Road contouring the hillside above Conduit Road.

Fair progress was made with the extension of the 20-foot road from Magazine Gap to Peak Tram Station, Chamberlain Road.

26

In connection with improvements to Kennedy Road, the portion of this carriageway to the West of the Magazine was diverted and formed to a minimum width of 25 feet, and No. 1 Bridge near the junction with Garden Road was widened to 30 feet.

Mention may also be made of improvements being carried out to Bonham Road, Pokfulam Road, and Conduit Road.

In Kowloon, the 1st Section of the Kowloon City to Mong- koktsui Road was completed, but the cutting in connection with the 2nd Section progressed slowly, owing to the large quantities of rock encountered.

Good progress was made with the cutting for the extension of Argyle Street to its junction with Waterloo Road, and that for the Section between the latter road and the Kowloon Boundary in connection with its extension.

Owing to heavy rock cutting, the progress in connection with the extension of Coronation Road Northwards through the hill (formerly K.F.L. 11) was considerably delayed, but by the end of the year a temporary road was available, connecting this road with Taipo Road.

Fair progress was recorded in connection with the Taipo to Shun Wan Road, and the Patrol Path from Sheungshui to the Frontier.

The work of metalling and tar-painting hilly portion of Laichikok-Castle Peak and Taipo Roads was continued during the year.

DRAINAGE.

A contract was let for extending the Mongkoktsui Nullah East through the Railway Bridge and the excavation for founda- tions were well in hand. The Mongkoktsui Nullah was extended to the Boundary of Old Kowloon and completed in July.

The training and diversion of the large stream course to the East of Laichikok was completed.

WATER WORKS.

A contract was let in April for the construction of the Eastern District Filter Beds and a commencement made at once with the work. Fair progress was made by the end of the year.

F

27

After consideration and upon the advice of the Consulting Engineers to the Crown Agents, it was decided to order one Steam Pumping Unit for the additional Plant in connection with the Taitam Tuk Scheme.

With regard to the Pokfulam Road Station, the extension to the Engine House was completed, a new Boiler House erected, and the installation of the Pumping Plant completed.

Work was commenced in connection with the Distribution System for Lower Wanchai Gap District, and that for the Repulse Bay was extended so as to serve the lots situated near Deep Water Bay.

In Kowloon, a considerable amount of work was executed in enlarging mains with a view to improving the distribution system there, and two new Filter Beds and a Gauge Basin were added near Laichikok.

?

Preparatory work in connection with the new Shek Lai Pui Reservoir was proceeded with, and a considerable amount of investigation work connected with the Shing Mun Scheme was also effected.

The Taipo Water Supply Scheme proceeded satisfactorily. The original scheme for a Water Supply at Fanling was completed in 1921, and the extension thereto was commenced in July and finished in September, 1922.

RECLAMATIONS.

The Reclamation Scheme at Aplichau was completed.

Good progress was made with the Praya East Reclamation Scheme, and the filling in of the Tidal Flat and the cutting down of the hill between Taikoktsui and Fuk Tsun Heung.

Steady progress was also made with the further reclamation work at Shamshuipo, and in connection with a scheme of reclama- tion at Cheung Sha Wan.

Work was continued on certain private reclamation works, and, in the case of the Kai Tak Land Investment Company, some further progress was made.

PIERS.

The re-inforced concrete Pier opposite Queen's Statue was completed, and tenders were invited for the structural steel roof and facade to the Praya.

28

The work of constructing a re-inforced concrete roof over part of the Ferry Pier opposite Queen Victoria Street was completed.

The Ferry Pier at Public Square Street, Yaumati, was also finished, with the exception of the depositing of concrete to form the decking.

The work of constructing a re-inforced concrete Pier opposite Wing Wo Street was not proceeded with.

MISCELLANEOUS.

In connection with the visit of H. R. H. the Prince of Wales, the principal Government Buildings were decorated and illuminated at night, and general assistance was rendered by the Department wherever required to carry into effect other schemes of decoration.

The Seamen's Strike which commenced in January culminated in a General Strike, in consequence of which certain officers of the Department were engaged on emergency work which was executed in a very efficient manner.

The erection of the Wireless Station at Gap Rock was completed.

The Diaphone Fog Signalling Plant was installed at Waglan.

The work of substituting underground cables for the aerial wires in the Government Telephone System in the central part of the City was well advanced by the end of the year.

In connection with the Hydrographic Surveys with a view to harbour development, the work of taking borings and prickings was completed.

With a view to revising, consolidating and co-ordinating the various schemes of development prepared in the past, a Committee was formed to deal with Town Planning. Many meetings took place and a large number of maps and plans were prepared, and a model of the Kowloon Peninsula (scale 200' to 1 inch) was made.

A contract was let for the construction of a Water-boat Dock at Laichikok.

The total amount expended on Public Works Extraordinary was $3,575,635.19, and on annually recurrent works $1,074,646.30.

29

RAILWAY.

The Platforms at Kowloon Terminus were surfaced with a composition of asphaltum, sand and cement on a foundation of rolled ballast. Similar surfacing was laid throughout the concourse area and approaches in substitution of wooden blocks which were found to be both unsatisfactory and insanitary.

This work was carried out by the Public Works Department.

Water was laid on to the platforms. and concourse area at several points for washing down purposes.

The kitchen accommodation of the 1st class Restaurant was extended by altering the arrangement of the back staircase and utilising the space below to form a commodious pantry. Gas cookers were installed in substitution for the coal burning range, and new kitchen furniture was provided.

Owing to the increasing difficulty in obtaining quick and accurate messages between Kowloon and Canton, through telegra- phic communication has now been established by laying a telegraph line between Kowloon Station and Shum Chun Station thus con- necting with the Chinese Section's telegraph line.

Previously all messages had to be telephoned over the British

Section.

At the Workshops at Hunghom an Oil Fuel Depôt was installed for serving the Motor Coaches.

The three sidings to the east of the new carriage shed were extended 500 feet each, and a crossover road laid between two, to facilitate repairs and cleaning of rolling stock..

A contract was let for the building of a second bay to the new carriage shed, which will accommodate two more trains, of 500 feet each, and it is anticipated that the shed will be completed by May, 1923.

During the year the premises of the China Light and Power Co., which adjoined the Locomotive Yard were acquired by the Railway Department together with the buildings thereon. The tall chimney stack, for which no use could be found was razed. The buildings formerly used as offices and staff quarters were renovated, and the first floor is now used as quarters for the Traffic Inspector, while the basement serves as a store. A contract was entered into for converting the remaining buildings into Work- shops and stores for railway purposes.

The boiler house was utilised as a general repair shop for Government Motor vehicles. such as cycles, cars, fire engines, lorries, road roller, etc., a painting shop being provided on one side. The engine house was converted

:

30

into a general store and store offices, the old store accommodation being inadequate for present railway requirements. Eight lock up garages were provided, also a timekeeper's office. This con- tract was nearly completed at the end of the year.

Work on the construction of the over bridge to the north of Yaumati Station (Bridge No. 7) was delayed until the arrival of the steelwork, which was over-carried owing to the seamen's strike. The main line was deviated round the side of the new bridge, and traffic diverted without any interference. The masonry abutments and piers, with the exception of the west wings, which are situated under the diviation, were built in 'trenches, and were nearly up to bedstone level at the close of the year.

Considerable attention was given in collaboration with the Town Planning Committee to future railway requirements, and reservations of land likely to be required later for Branch Lines and Stations were decided upon. Surveys for the junctions of two probable branch lines were made, and centre lines staked out.

The new station building for Sheung Shui Station, for which provision was made in the estimates was not undertaken. An alternative proposal whereby the long grade of 1 in 100 would be reduced to 1 in 250 and a new station built in substitution for both Fanling and Sheung Shui was considered, but the project is still in abeyance.

At Lowu the 150 feet brick running-shed mentioned in the last report was completed and sidings laid, a small reservoir was also made and water supply installed.

On the Fanling Branch Line the old engine-shed at Fanling Station was rebuilt, and a new one was erected at Sha Tau Kok. The old steelwork from the dismantled station at Hunghom was used in these buildings, with corrugated asbestos cement roofs and sides.

About 3,100 sleepers were renewed in the Main Line. Of these, 807 were of reinforced concrete and the remainder Australian hardwoods. During the year 1,165 reinforced concrete sleepers were cast.

In July Messrs. Butterfield & Swire terminated their lease for the 1,800 sq. feet of spare railway land occupied by them. for coal storage, and new leases were entered into with the Hongkong and Kowloon Wharf & Godown Co. for several areas to be used as timber yards.

From the 13th January to the 8th March there was a strike of seamen which, as it developed, involved the majority of trades and seriously affected the business of the Colony. All strikers left the Colony for Canton and this coupled with the fact that river

1

31

steamboat traffic entirely ceased, caused record Passenger and Goods traffic by rail. Except that the drivers and firemen were persuaded to join the strikers a day before the settlement, the Railway staff remained loyal and handled unprecedented traffic in a commendable manner. The express trains had to be run in duplicate or were doubled-banked. In the latter case they con- sisted of as many as 23 coaches. It was found generally prefer- able to run in duplicate, each portion consisting of from 10 to 12 coaches. As many as 2,000 passengers were carried on one portion, and over 8,000 in a day.

The increased earnings of this period were somewhat reduced by a period of partial stagnation after the strike, by the launch- men's strike in May, and by the frequent train suspensions owing to political unrest in Canton and neighbourhood. Much incon- venience and loss was caused by resultant military operations between Sun Yat-sen and Chan Kwing-ming. On five occasions bridges on the Chinese Section of the line were damaged by explosives in attempts to prevent movements of troops. During this political unrest robber bands were as usual active along the part of the line in the Chinese Territory.

On two occasions the launch which plies between Taipo in British Territory and Sha U Chung in Chinese Territory was pirated.

During the visit of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales in April, the Kowloon Railway Station was dressed with flags and buntings, and the building and clock tower facing the harbour fronts, including the goodshed, was picked out in red electric lights on the night of the 6th and 7th.

The Gross Roceipts for the year were $710,295.75 as against $603,980.77 for 1921, an increase of $106,314.98. The balance after paying working expenses stands at $148,151.40.

The Through and Joint Sectional Passengers carried were as follows:-

Passengers booked by Stations in British Territory to Stations in China

· 1920. 1921. 1922.

365,665 435,933 526,111

Passengers booked by Stations in China to Stations in British Territory

373,776 462,379 522,909

The Local Passengers carried were as follows:

Main line..

Fanling Branch

1920. 1921. 1922. 392,206 429,133 639,709 47,787 43,733 52,431

?

32

VI-GOVERNMENT AND AIDED INSTITUTIONS.

(a.)-HOSPITALS.

Government Hospitals consist of the Civil Hospital, to which is attached an isolated Maternity Hospital, the Victoria Hospital for Women and Children, and the Kennedy Town Infectious Dis- eases Hospi tal.

The Civil Hospital contains 170 beds in 21 wards. 4,447 in-patients and 25,892 out-patients were treated during 1921 as against 4,815 and 3,926 respectively in 1920. 484 cases of malarial fever were admitted as against 399 in 1921 and 243 in 1920. The total cases of malaria for all Government Hospitals and the Tung Wa Hospital shows an increase of 236 cases as compared with the year 1920. The Maternity Hospital contains 9 beds for Europeans, plus 3 extra beds, and 8 for Asiatics. 617 confinements occurred during the year as against 613 in 1921. The Victoria Hospital at the Peak contains 41 beds, and during 1922, 178 patients were under treatment there. At Kennedy Town Hospital, which contains 26 beds, 10 cases were treated in 1922, all being infectious.

(b).-LUNATIC ASYLUM.

The Asylum is under the direction of the Superintendent of • the Civil Hospital. European and Chinese patients are separated, the European portion containing 14 beds in separate wards and the Chinese portion 16 beds. 235 patients of all races were treated during 1921 and there was 1 death.

(c.)—THE TUNg Wa and othER CHINESE HOSPITALS.

The Tung Wa Hospital, opened in 1872, is mainly supported by the voluntary subscriptions of Chinese, but receives an annual grant of $8,000 from the Government. Only Chinese are treated in this institution. Various other services not appertaining to a hospital are performed by the institution, such as the free burial of the poor, the repatriation of destitutes, the maintenance of free vernacular schools, and the organisation of charitable relief in emergencies. Chinese as well as European methods of treatment are employed in accordance with the wishes expressed by the patients or their friends. Over half the number are now treated by Western methods. The hospital is managed by a committee of Chinese gentlemen annually elected, their appointment being sub- mitted to the Governor for confirmation. It is under the supervi- sion of a visiting physician, who is a member of the Medical Department, whilst two Chinese house surgeons, trained in Western medicine, are members of the hospital staff. There are 450 beds in the buildings, and 8,336 patients were accommodated during 1922.

33

The Tung Wa also maintain a branch hospital for small-pox cases (Chinese only) at Kennedy Town. It contains 60 beds and during 1922, 46 cases were treated.

The Alice Memorial and Affiliated Hospitals are managed and controlled by the missionaries resident in Hongkong, agents of the London Missionary Society, and consist of the Alice Memorial Hospital opened in 1887, the Nethersole Hospital opened in 1893, the Alice Memorial Maternity Hospital opened in 1904, and the Ho Miu Ling Hospital opened in 1906. The number of in-patients in 1922 was 1,667 and the expenditure $54,065.98. The number of labours in the Maternity Hospital was 457. The Government makes a grant of $300 per annum to these Hospitals.

To avoid the complete seclusion from friends and relatives, which removal of Chinese plague patients to the Kennedy Town Infectious Diseases Hospital entailed, four District Plague Hospitals are now maintained by the Chinese in various parts of the Colony. These hospitals are under the management of the Chinese Public Dispensaries Committee,

The Kwong Wa Hospital for Chinese in the Kowloon Peninsula was opened on the 9th October, 1911. It occupies a site having an area of three acres and provides accommodation for 210 patients. The existing buildings contain 244 beds and 5,142 patients were accommodated during 1922. The collection of sub- scriptions and the supervision of the building were undertaken by a special committee under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. The hospital receives a grant of $8,500 per annum from the Government.

As will be noticed from the remarks made under the heading Education the Hongkong University is also an Aided Institution.

VII.-INSTITUTIONS NOT SUPPORTED BY GOVERNMENT.

One of the most important institutions in the Colony not sup- ported by the Government is the Matilda Hospital, which stands on a commanding site of nearly three acres at Mount Kellet in the Hill District. An account of this hospital will be found in the. report for 1917.

Among institutions recognised and encouraged, but not to any considerable extent supported by Government may be mentioned the Pó Leung Kuk, the Eyre Refuge, the City Hall, and the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

The Pó Leung Kuk is a Chinese Society founded in 1878 for the suppression of kidnapping and traffic in human beings. It

34

was incorporated in 1893 and is presided over by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs and not more than twelve directors nominated by the Governor. The actual management is entrusted to a committee elected annually by the members of the Society. The Society's buildings have been declared a Refuge under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance, and almost all women and girls detained by the Secratary for Chinese Affairs under that Ordinance are sent to the Po Leung Kuk. During 1922 the number of persons admitted was 255 and at the close of the year 42 remained under the care of the Society. The inmates are under the immediate charge of a Chinese matron, and instruction is given them by the matron and a Chinese teacher in elementary subjects and in needlework.

The Eyre Diocesan Refuge is an institution, under mission auspices, founded for rescue work among the Chinese. It was housed in the Belilios Reformatory up to the outbreak of war, but the work is at present carried on at Kowloon City. A small grant is made by the Government.

The City Hall receives as annual grant of $1,200 from Government. It contains a theatre,some large rooms which are used for balls, meetings concerts, etc., a museum in which are some very fair specimens, and a large reference and lending library, to which new volumes are added from time to time, as funds will allow. The building was erected in 1866-9 by subscription.

Small grants are also given to the Italian Convent, the French Convent, (both of which take in and tend abandoned or sick infants), the West Point Orphanage, the Seamen's Hospital, and other charit- able institutions.

The Chinese Public Dispensaries are institutions maintained in order to provide the Chinese with the services of doctors, whose certificates will be accepted by the Registrar of Deaths, and with the services of interpreters, who can assist the inmates of houses, where a case of infectious disease has occurred.

Coolies are engaged and ambulances and dead vans provided in order to remove cases of infectious disease to the Infectious Diseases Hospital and dead bodies to the Mortuary. The Dispensaries receive sick infants and send them to one or other of the Convents and arrange for the burial of dead infants. Free advice and medicine are given and patients are attended at their houses. There are eight Dispensaries in existence. The total cost of maintenance was $47,801 for the year 1922. The Government makes an annual grant of $7,000, and the rest of the cost in defrayed by voluntary subscription. The Dispensaries are conducted by committees under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

i

:

·

35

VIII.-CRIMINAL AND POLICE.

The total of all cases reported to the Police was 13,939 being an increase of 1,697 or 13.86 per cent, as compared with 1921. There was in 1922 an increase in serious offences of 130 or 3·15 per cent. as compared with the previous year. The number of serious offences reported was 38 below the average of the quinquennial period commencing with the year 1918. The number of minor offences reported shows an increase of 1,567 as compared with 1921 and was 2,561 over the average of the quinquennial period.

The total strength of the Police Force in 1922 was Europeans 188, Indians 431, Chinese 762 making a total of 1,381 exclusive of the six superior officers and staff of clerks and coolies. These figures include police paid for by the railway and other Government departments. Of this force 17 Europeans, 118 Indians, and 57 - Chinese were stationed in the New Territories during the year.

The District Watchmen Force, numbering 102, to which the Government contributes $2,000 per annum, was well supported by the Chinese during the year. These watchmen patrol the streets in the Chinese quarter of the City. They are placed on police beats and are supervised by the European police on section patrol. A detective branch of the force has done useful work under the supervision of a European Inspector.

The total number of persons committed to Victoria Gaol was 5,014 as compared with 4,990 in 1921. Of these 1,358 were committed for criminal offences against 1,732 in 1921. Of com- mittals for noncriminal offences there were 107 more for hawking without a licence, and 5 more for unlawfully boarding steamers, than in 1921.

The daily average of prisoners confined in the Gaol was 787 the average for 1921 being 764, and the highest previous average being 756 in 1919. The percentage of prisoners to population, according to the daily average of the former and the estimated number of the latter, was 0-12. The average percentage for the last ten years was 0.12. Owing, however, to the large floating population, which is constantly moving between the Colony and Canton, the percentage of crime to population does not convey an accurate idea of the comparative criminality of the residents of the Colony. The Victoria Gaol has accommodation for 700 prisoners including patients in Hospital. The Branch Prison at Laichikok has accommodation for 200 prisoners in association.

The prison discipline was very satisfactory, the average of punishments per prisoner being 0.52 as compared with 12-6 in 1921 and 0·99 in 1920.

Long sentence prisoners serving two years and upwards are taught useful trades, including, printing, book-binding, tin-

36

smithing, mat-making, tailoring, carpentering, etc. The profit on the work done was $125,571.47 as against $77,750.18 in 1921. A sum of $3,298 was received and credited to Government for non-Government work as against $4,658 in 1921.

IX.-VITAL STATISTICS.

(a.)-POPULATION,

The civil population of the Colony, according to the census taken on April 24th, 1921, was 625,166, of whom 83,163 reside in the New Territories and in New Kowloon; at the census taken in 1911 it was 456,739 with 104,287 as the figure for the New Territories and New Kowloon. The estimated total population at the middle of the year under review was 662,200, but this includes the New Territories; and, as the birth and death figures given below do not include those from this area (with the exception of New Kowloon), the population for the purposes of calculating these rates is estimated at 578,200, of whom 15,200 were non-Chinese.

The distribution of population estimated to the middle of 1922 was as follows :-

Non-Chinese Civil Community,.

Chinese

Population.

City of Victoria (including Peak),... Villages of Hongkong,

15,200

340,000

25,700

Kowloon (including New Kowloon),

133,000

New Territories,

84,000

Population afloat,

64,300

Total Chinese Population, ...

Total Civil Population,

647,000

662,200

(b)-PUBLIC HEALTH AND SANITATION.

The activity in building operations, which has been so notice- able a feature since 1912, has not abated, and the demand for housing accommodation by the Chinese continued to be greatly in excess of the supply, as many of those who fled with their families to Hongkong during 1911, 1912, and 1913 elected to- remain in the Colony.

The birth-rate for the year was 6'25* per 1,000 among the Chinese community and 22.84 per 1,000 among the non-Chinese- community, as compared with 5'68 and 25 88 for 1921.

* This figure is wholly misleading as it is impossible to register more than a partion of the births..

36

smithing, mat-making, tailoring, carpentering, etc. The profit on the work done was $125,571.47 as against $77,750.18 in 1921. A sum of $3,298 was received and credited to Government for non-Government work as against $4,658 in 1921.

IX.-VITAL STATISTICS.

(a.)-POPULATION,

The civil population of the Colony, according to the census taken on April 24th, 1921, was 625,166, of whom 83,163 reside in the New Territories and in New Kowloon; at the census taken in 1911 it was 456,739 with 104,287 as the figure for the New Territories and New Kowloon. The estimated total population at the middle of the year under review was 662,200, but this includes the New Territories; and, as the birth and death figures given below do not include those from this area (with the exception of New Kowloon), the population for the purposes of calculating these rates is estimated at 578,200, of whom 15,200 were non-Chinese.

The distribution of population estimated to the middle of 1922 was as follows :-

Non-Chinese Civil Community,.

Chinese

Population.

City of Victoria (including Peak),... Villages of Hongkong,

15,200

340,000

25,700

Kowloon (including New Kowloon),

133,000

New Territories,

84,000

Population afloat,

64,300

Total Chinese Population, ...

Total Civil Population,

647,000

662,200

(b)-PUBLIC HEALTH AND SANITATION.

The activity in building operations, which has been so notice- able a feature since 1912, has not abated, and the demand for housing accommodation by the Chinese continued to be greatly in excess of the supply, as many of those who fled with their families to Hongkong during 1911, 1912, and 1913 elected to- remain in the Colony.

The birth-rate for the year was 6'25* per 1,000 among the Chinese community and 22.84 per 1,000 among the non-Chinese- community, as compared with 5'68 and 25 88 for 1921.

* This figure is wholly misleading as it is impossible to register more than a partion of the births..

38

X-POSTAL AND TELEGRAPH SERVICES.

The total revenue from the postal service in 1922 amounted to $662,862.11 being $18,704.57 more than that collected in 1921. The net expenditure amounted to $258,115.57. The balance of revenue over expenditure amounted to $404,746.54.

The revenue collected in 1922 from radio-telegrams amounted to $32,052.99 being $12,970.01 more than that collected in 1921. Advices of vessels signalled at the lighthouses yielded $725.80, and semaphore messages $13.60, making a total of $32,792.39 for the telegraph service. The expenditure amounted to $65,670.85. The number of radio-telegrams forwarded during the year was 2,964 consisting of 40,928 words, and 7,865 received consisting of 104,858 words.

16th July, 1923.

A. G. M. FLETCHER,

Colonial Secretary.

:

J

Light Dues ...

Appendix A.

FINANCIAL RETURNS FOR THE YEA

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF THE REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE FOR T

Revenue for

HEADS OF Revenue.

Estimates, 1922.

Actual Revenue to

same

31st Dec., 1922.

period of preceding

Increase.

Decrease.

H

Year.

Light Dues, Special Assessment

:

$

100,000 115,979.56

106,417.09

9,562.47

Governor

Cadet Service

110,000 125,185.71 115,710.44

9,475.27

Colonial Secretar

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise specified

11,385,280 14,681,055.85 11,644,243.90 3,036,811.95

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes,

and Reimbursements in Aid

Secretariat for Ch

Audit Departmen

1,227,600 1,412,027.09 1,194,673.94

Treasury..

217.353.15

Harbour Master's

Post Office

610,000 695,654.50 663,914.42

31,740.08

Imports & Export

Royal Observator

Kowloon-Canton Railway

629,000 710,295.75 603,980.77 106,314.98

Miscellaneous Ser

Judicial and Legai

Police Departmen

Rent of Government Property, Land, and Houses

1,085,280 1,132,116.60 1,158,188.80

26,072.20

Fire Brigade

Prison Departmen

Interest

300,000 439,291.41 359,473-33 79,818.08

Medical Departme

Sanitary Departm

Botanical and For

Miscellaneous Receipts

195,100 257,654.77 247,431.70 10,223.07

Education Depart

Military Expendit

Public Works Dep

Do.

Rec

TOTAL, (exclusive of Land Sales)

15,642,260 19,569,261.24 |16,094,034.39 3,501,299.05

26,072,20

Do.

Exti

Post Office

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

TOTAL,

Deduct

:

1,634,000 2,721,803.57 | 1,634,097.55 1,087,706.02

Kowloon-Canton F

Charge on account

Pensions

Charitable Service:

17,276,260 |22,291,064.81 17.728,131.94 4,589,005.07

26.072.20

$ 26,072.20

Appendix A.

ETURNS FOR THE YEAR 1922.

ID EXPENDITURE FOR THE PERIOD ENDED 31ST DECEMBER, 1922.

Decrease.

HEADS OF EXPENDITURE.

Estimates, 1922.

Actual Expenditure to 31st Dec., 1922.

Expenditure for same

period of

Increase.

Decrease.

preceding Year.

19

Governor

$

$

:

:

:

91,084.00

94,287.62

91,035.19

3,252.43

Cadet Service

295,171.00

280,567.54 239,948.92

40,618.62

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legislature

61,904.00

56,454.63 58,415.07

1,960.44

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

20,600.00

21,115.67 18,705.03 2,410.64

Audit Department...

Treasury.

Harbour Master's Department

Imports & Exports Department ...

Royal Observatory

Miscellaneous Services...

. Judicial and Legal Departments...

Police Department

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

53,730.00 51,060.35 51,440.87

380.52

72,100.00

68,367.64 72,676.59

4,308.95

295,034.00

310,717.36 350,025.53

39,308.17

711,778.00

631,733.97 591,756.04 39,977.93

35,191.00 38,350.10 32,700.51 5,649.59

517,446.00 1,617,305.35 845.413.82 771,891.53

291,673.00 282,989.15 271,948.20

11,040.95

1,521,360.00

1,533,757.511,527,097.55

6,659.96

26,072.20

Fire Brigade

Prison Department

Medical Departments

172,627.00 177,799.07

346,559.00 324,175.12 299,746.56 24,428.56

411,874.00 371,781.92 378,128.77

177,799.07

Sanitary Department

...

:

6,346.85

639,570.00

548,824.20 536,438.13

12,386.07

73,967,00

71,223.47

61,428.11

9,795.36

844,356.00

728,153.89

589,323.92 138,829.97

2,875,520.00 3,230,779.89 2,318,654.02 912,125.87

801,680.00 821,674.89 651,599.00

899,550.00 1,074,646.30 938,582.38

170,075.89

136,063.92

6,611,300.00 3,575,635.19 3,053,525.11 522,110.08

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

.::.

26,072,20

Botanical and Forestry Department

Education Department

Military Expenditure

Public Works Department

Do.

Recurrent

Do. Extraordinary

Post Office

Kowloon-Canton Railway

Charge on account of Public Debt

Pensions

Charitable Services

26.072.20

TOTAL,

:

Deduct

Net

381,422.00 309,042.61 293,710.10

15,332.51

796,766.00

922,355.75 1,108,838.99

186,483.24

916,123.00

914,040.12

890,336.88 23,703.24

393, 1.1.00

429,361.04 389,845.50 39,515.54

67,484.00 76,802.56 78.331.61

1,529.05

... $20,198,980.00 18,563,002.91 15,739,652.40 | 3,063 667.73

$240,317.22

So 8en ato st

240,317.22

Light Dues ...

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF THE REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE F

HEADS OF Revenue.

Estimates, 1922.

Actual Revenue to

Revenue for

same

31st Dec., 1922,

period of preceding Year.

Increase.

Decrease.

Light Dues, Special Assessment

:

:..

$

100,000 115,979.56

106,417.09

9,562.47

Governor

110,000 125,185.71 115,710.44

Cadet Ser

9,475.27

Colonial

Secretaria

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise specified

11,385,280 14,681,055.85 |11,644,243.90 3,036,811.95

Audit De

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes,

and Reimbursements in Aid

1,227,600 1,412,027.09 | 1,194,673.94 217,353.15

Treasury

Harbour

Post Office

610,000 695,654.50 663,914.42

31,740.08

Imports

Royal Ob

Kowloon-Canton Railway

629,000 710,295.75 603,980.77 106,314.98

.....

Miscellan

. Judicial

Police D

Rent of Government Property, Land, and Houses

1,085,280 1,132,116.60 1,158,188.80

26,072.20

Fire Brig

Prison D

Interest

300,000 439,291.41 359,473.33 79,818.08

Medical

Sanitary

Botanica

Miscellaneous Receipts

195,100 257,654-77 247,431.70 10,223.07

Educatio

Military

Public V

Do

TOTAL, (exclusive of Land Sales)

15,642,260 19,569,261.24 16,094,034.393,501,299.05

26,072.20

Do.

Post Offi

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

1,634,000 2,721,803.57 1,634,097.55 1,087,706.02

Kowloon

Charge

Pensions

C

Charitab

TOTAL,

Deduct

Net

**

:

...

:

:

:

17,276,260 (22,291,064.81 17.728,131.94 4,589,005.07

26.072.20

.$ 26,072.20

...$ 4,562,932.87

ND EXPENDITURE FOR THE PERIOD ENDED 31ST DECEMBER,

1922.

Decrease.

HEADS OF EXPENDITURE.

Estimates, 1922.

Actual Expenditure to 31st Dec., 1922.

Expenditure for same period of preceding Year.

Increase.

Decrease.

$

Che

$

$

Governor

91,084.00

94,287.62

91,035.19

3,252.43

Cadet Service

295,171.00

280,567.54 239,948.92 40,618.62

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legislature

61,904.00 56,454.63 58,415.07

1,960.44

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

20,600.00

21,115.67 18,705.03

2,410.64

Audit Department...

53.730.00

51,060.35 51,440.87

Treasury ...

Harbour Master's Department

72,100.00 68,367.64 72,676.59

295,034.00 310,717.36 350,025.53

:

380.52

4,308.95

39,308.17

711,778.00

631,733.97 591,756.04

39,977-93

Imports & Exports Department...

Royal Observatory

Miscellaneous Services...

Judicial and Legal Departments...

Police Department

26,072.20

Fire Brigade

Prison Department

26,072,20

26.072.20

:..

:

:

÷

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

Medical Departments

Sanitary Department

Botanical and Forestry Department

Education Department

Military Expenditure

Public Works Department

Recurrent

Do.

Do.

Extraordinary

Post Office

Kowloon-Canton Railway

Charge on account of Public Debt

Pensions

Charitable Services

TOTAL,

Deduct

...

Net ...

35,191.00 38,350.10 32,700.51

5,649.59

517,446.00 1,617,305.35 845.413.82 771,891.53

291,673.00 282,989.15 271,948.20

11,040.95

1,521,360.00

1,533.757-511,527,097.55

6,659.96

172,627.00 177,799.07

177,799.07

346,559.00 324,175.12 299,746.56 24,428.56

411,874.00 371,781.92 378,128.77

639,570.00 548,824.20 536,438.13 12,386.07

73,967.00

71,223.47

61,428.11

9,795.36

844,356.00 728,153.89 589.323.92 138,829.97

2,875,520.00 3,230,779.89 2,318,654.02 912,125.87

6,346.85

801,680.00 821,674.89 651,599.00 170,075.89

899,550.00 1,074,646.30

938,582.38

136,063.92

6,611,300.00 3,575,635.19 | 3,053,525.11

522,110.08

381,422.00

309,042.61

293,710.10

15,332.51

796,766.00

922,355.75 1,108,838.99

186,483.24

916,123.00

914,040.12

890,336.88

23,703.24

393,111.00 429,361.04

389,845.50 39,515.54

67,484.00 76,802.56 78.331.61

$20,198,980.00 18,563,002.91 15,739,652.40 | 3,063 667-73

240,317.22

$2,823,350.51

1,529.05

240,317.22

Appendix A (1).

REPORT ON THE FINANCES FOR THE YEAR 1922.

REVENUE.

The total revenue for the year amounted to $22,291,065 being $5,014,805 more than the estimate and $4,562,933 more than the revenue in 1921. Compared with that year there were increases under all the heads except Rent of Government Property.

2. The principal sub-heads showing excess over the estimate are as follows:-

m

(a) Assessed Taxes, ...

(b) Hawkers' Licences

(c) Liquor Duties,

(d) Opium Monopoly,

99,572

95,381

127,399

2,051,305

(e) Stamps,...

...

465,675

(f) Tobacco Duties,

360,177

(g) Water Excess Supply and Meter Rents,

83,526

(h) Postage,...

...

85,654

(Railway,

$1,296

(j) Interest,

139,291

(k) Land Sales,

...

...

1,087,804

The increases are due (a) to new buildings, (b) revision of licence fees, (c) increase of duty, (d) increased sale, (e) probate duty, (f) increase of duty, (g) scale of fees increased, () increase of business, (i) more traffic during the seamen's strike, (k) more lands being disposed of.

3. The principal deficits compared with the Estimates were :-

(a) Analyses

(b) Medical Examination of Emigrants,

EXPENDITURE.

8,452 27,526

4. The total expenditure brought to account amounted to $18,563,003 being $1,635,977 less than the estimate, and $2,823,351 more than the expenditure in 1921.

Compared with the estimates there were savings under four- teen heads.

A (1) 2

Miscellaneous expenditure exceeded the estimate by $1,099,859

mainly due to:-

University,

Transport of Government Servants... Visit of H. R. H. Prince of Wales Expenses of Strike

Food Control Expenses

Loss on Subsidiary coins

...

$ 200,000,00 119.891.97

127,105,10 59,394.37 55,371.98 393,818.26

$ 955,581.68

Military Expenditure exceeded the estimate by $355,260 due to increase in revenue.

The Education Department decreased $116,202 on account of unpaid Building Grant and other savings while Public Works Extraordinary saved $3,035,665 because the programme of works placed in the Estimates was not carried out.

5. The revenue for the year exceeded the expenditure by a sum of $3,728,062.

6. The following statement shows the Liabilities and Assets on the 31st December, 1922 :-

LIABILITIES.

C.

ASSETS.

$

C.

Deposits not Available,

957,097.15 Subsidiary Coius,

1,825,393.47

Advances,

252,082.46

Postal Agencies,.............

35,636.42

Building Loans,

966,700.00

Imprest,

3,497.55

House Service Ajc.,

7,715.94

|

Shipping Control A c., | 2,231,204.11

Suspense Account,................

Crown Agents' De-

posit Account, 5.689,423.99

(P. W. D.),.......

Unallocated Stores,

(Railway),

1,194.00

Unallocated Stores,

482,762.16

234,500.02

43,087.20

5,752,496.18*

603,279.16

22,835.96

Total Liabilities,........| 3,225,131.68

Coal Account,

Investment Account,

Balance at Banks,

Crown Agents' Cur-

rent Account,

Balance,

12,658,642.41

Total...... 15,883,774.09

Total,......$ 15,883,774.09

* Invested as follows:-

Value of Stock.

Actual Cost.

Market Value.

Hongkong 6% War

Loan, 1921-23, ...$120,000.00

$120,000,00

$120,000.00

4% Funding Loan,

1960-1990..

£835,000 0s. 07,

£662,991 148, 9žď. £722,275 Os. Od. (864)

J

A (1) 3

7. The following table shows the Revenue and Expenditure during the last five years:---

Revenue... Expenditure, Surplus, Deficit,

1919. S

1920.

1921.

1922.

3

1918.

18,665,248 16,524,975 14,689,672 17,728,132 22,291,065 16,252,172 17,915,925 14,489,594 15,739,652 18,563,003

2,413,076

200,078 1,988,480 3,728,062

1,390,950

PUBLIC DEBT.

8. The Inscribed Stock Loans of 1893 and 1906 amount to £1,485,733 and the Sinking Fund now stands.at £399,591 being. £31,188 more than the amount at credit of that fund at the end of 1921.

The local Loan (under Ordinance No. 12 of 1916) stands at $3,000,000 with a Sinking Fund of $906,699 and €93,657 sterling.

GENERAL REMARKS.

9. The total receipts and payments in the Treasury books during the year were $54,480,470 and 53,854,355 respectively. The figures not accounted for under revenue and expenditure relate to transactions under various heads such as Deposits, Advances, Subsidiary Coin, Unallocated Stores, etc.

10. Subsidiary coins in stock on the 31st December were as follows:-

20 cents,

10 5

21

Copper...

:

$

80,000

469.192

257,500

8,509

815,270

The nominal amount of coins in circulation is $18,789,370, nd the market value is now practically par.

11. The local circulation in December of notes of the three Banks having authorized issues was as follows:-

Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Corporation,......S 34.974,774 Chartered Bank of India, Australia & China,... 11.239,602 Mercantile Bank of India, Limited,

1,364,413

$ 47,578,789

The specie in Reserve came to,

...32,300,000.

12. The rate of exchange for the Estimates was taken at 26 whereas the average rate for purposes of conversion in the Treasury books was 2/61.

17th May, 1923,

C. Mel, MESSER,

Treasurer.

Appendix B.

REPORT ON THE ASSESSMENT FOR THE YEAR 1923-1924.

1. By Order of His Excellency the Governor in Council a new valuation of the whole Colony has been made and the Rateable Value has thereby been increased from $19,805,929 to $21.059,700 an addition of $1,253,543 or 6.33 per cent.

2. The following Table gives a comparison of the Assessments for 1922-1923 and 1923-1924 :-

DISTRICT.

VALUATION 1922-1923.

VALUATION

INCREASE.

1923-1924.

PER

CENT.

ジョ

$

%

The City of Victoria..

15,625,813

15.625.813

16,342,173

16.342.173

716,360

4:58

Hill District,.

371,280

392,695

Shaukiwan, Saiwanho,

and Quarry Bay,

454,625

473,180

Hongkong Villages,

407,109

1,232.964

502.018

1,367,893

134,92910-94

Kowloon Point,

909;560

988,670

Yaumati,

673,230

798,395

Mongkoktsui,

504.635

545.235

Hunghom & Hokun,

462.035

491.030

Kowloon Villages,

New Territories,

170,085 227,607

173,975

2,947,152

349,829 3,349,634

402,482 | 13:66

Total,.........

19.805,929

21,059,700

1,253,771

6.33

3. The number of tenements reported to be vacant averaged about 75 monthly, as compared with 95 last year,

4. During the year ending 30th April, 1923, 1,285 Interim Valuations were made as follows:-

CITY OF VICTORIA.

REST OF COLONY.

No.

Rateable Value.

No.

Rateable Value.

New or rebuilt teuements audi tenements structurally altered .....!

224

737.995

633

£71,985

Assessments cancelled, tenements resumed, pulled down or being in other respects not rateable.........

Number and increase

297

257,050

131

73,558

521 $480,945

764

$398.427

B. 2

5. The following comparative statement shows the Rateable Value of the Colony of Hongkong in each of the ten years from 1914-1915 to 1923-1924 inclusive :---

Year.

Rateable Value.

$

$

1914-15

14,410,103 1,974,291

1915-16

14,287,285

122,818

Increase

Decrease as compared as compared with pre- with pre-

vious year. vious year.

Percentage of

Increase or Decrease in Rateable Value

as compared with previous year.

%

15.87 Increase.

0.85 Decrease.

1916-17

14,282,186

5.099

0.03

do.

1917-18

14,410,153

127,967

0.89 Increase.

1918-19

15,633,736 1,228,583

8.52 do.

1919-20

16,304,801 666,065

4.25

do.

1920-21

17,408,959 1,104,158-

6.77 do.

1921-22

18,696,660| 1,287,701

7:40 do.

1922-23

19,805,929| 1,109,269

5.91 do.

1923-24

21,059,700 1,253,543

6.33

do.

6. In the ten years 1914-1915 to 1923-1924 the Rateable Value of the Colony has increased by $6,649,597 or 40:59 per cent.

THE TREASURY,

12th May, 1923.

C. McI. MESSER, Treasurer & Assessor.

Appendix C.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS

FOR THE YEAR 1922.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE,

(Tables I and II).

REVENUE.

1. The revenue derived from all sources during the year was $15,514; less than that for 1921 by $144.

EXPENDITURE.

2. The total expenditure was $21,115 as compared with $18,705 in 1921 and it exceeded the estimate by $90. The in- crease as compared with 1921 was due to the stipulated increments of salaries and the purchase of more books.

PROTECTION OF WOMEN AND GIRLS,

(Tables III).

Women and Girls Protection Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.

Po Leung Kuk Incorporation Ordinance No. 6 of 1893.

3. The number of persons detained under warrant and sent- direct to the Po Leung Kuk during the year was 26 as compared with 86 in 1921; the action taken in each case (as also in those cases not decided at the end of 1921) is shewn in Table III). The number of women whose detention was found unnecessary and who were allowed to leave after investigation was 13 or 50′0%, as com- pared with 57 or 66·2% in 1921; 1 was sent to her native place; 2 were restored to their husbands or relatives; 7 were sent to Charitable Institutions in China; I died; while 4 cases were still under consideration on December 31st.

4. In this year no name was added to the list of girls under bond to report themselves periodically to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. The name of one girl who was married, was struck off the list. The number of names on the list on December 31st was 9.

5. The number of persons reported by Hongkong residents to the Po Leung Kuk as missing during the year was 82, of whom 17 were found, as compared with 66 and 20 in 1921. The total number of persons reported missing, including reports from China and Macao, was 96, of whom 18 were found, as compared with 24 out of 99 in 1921.

C 2

EMIGRATION.

Asiatic Emigration Ordinance No. 30 of 1915,

(i).-EMIGRATION OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN, (FREE).

(Table IV).

6. The number of female and minor passengers examined and allowed to proceed abroad was 17,044 (women 10,231, girls 1,595 and boys 5,218) as compared with 30,050 in 1921.

16

7. The record of the occupations of the female emigrants over years of age shows that out of a total of 10,231, 3,597 were going to join relatives, 3,234 with relatives or husbands, 393 as tailoresses, 220 as prostitutes, 2,402 as maidservants or nurses, 208 as cooks, 145 to work on the land. There were also oue actress, 12 hair- dressers, and 19 nuns.

8. Two women were detained for enquiries; none were detained in 1921.

9.—Repatriation of Women and Girls.—

(a.) From Singapore.-Twenty (20) prostitutes, who went to Singapore, were sent back on the ground that they were too young to practise prostitution. They were all seen off to their destinations.

An application was received for the recovery of a woman who had emigrated to Singapore, but she could not be found.

1.

(b.) From Penang.-Two women were repatriated in connec- tion with a "trafficking. case. One was handed back to her husband and the other was sent to the Kwong Yan Charitable In- stitution in Canton with a view to restoration to her relatives.

(c.) From Perak.-4 girls taken into Perak for immoral purposes were returned at their own request. One was handed back to her mother and the other 3 were sent to the Kwong Yan Charitable In- stitution in Canton with a view to restoration to their relatives.

10. Prosecutions under the Women and Girls Protection Or- dinance undertaken by this office numbered 7 with 4 convictions as compared with 6 cases and 1 conviction in 1921.

(ii.)-MALE EMIGRATION, (ASSISTED).

(Table V).

11. The figures for the year show a decline in the number of assisted emigrants, which was only about one third of the number in 1921.

C 3

(a.) Banca.-The assisted emigration to Banca continued dur- ing the year. There was a decrease of about one half in numbers as compared with 1921.

(b.) Deli, Sumatra.-The Deli emigration continued at regular intervals, but the number of emigrants passed was only about one third of that in 1921.

(c.) British North Borneo, Sandakan and Miri.-The figures for 1922 show an increase on those of 1921, but the total is still considerably below that of 1920.

(d.) There was no emigration during the year to Billiton, Balik Papan, Christmas Island, Western Samoa, Ocean Island, British Solomon Islands or Makatea.

(iii.)-Miscellaneous.

12. The total number of free emigrants to the Fiji Islands passed through this office was 50 as compared with 75 in 1921. The men went as usual in small parties at irregular intervals.

13. Decrepits. Owing to the general trade depression the number of decrepits, repatriated from the various countries touched by the emigration trade, has greatly increased. As the available

space in the Tung Wa Hospital is limited arrangements have been made with the Police Department to assist in dealing with the larger parties.

(a.) From Penang.-One thousand and thirteen (1,013) were returned from Penang as against four hundred and sixty-five (465) in 1921. Of these seven (7) died in the Tung Wa Hospital one (1) was drowned on the voyage, and one (1) left the Tung Wa Hospital of his own accord. The rest were sent home by the Tung Wa Hospital or by the Police Department, and the expenses debited. to the Protector of Chinese, Penang.

(b.) From Singapore.-As most of the decrepits from the Federated Malay States were repatriated by way of Penang the number returning from Singapore showed a decrease, twelve (12) as compared with one hundred and fifty-eight (158) in 1921.

(c.) From British North Borneo.-Four hundred and seventeen (417) decrepits were repatriated from British North Borneo as compared with two hundred and thirty-two (232) in 1921. One of these men, who was a leper, was sent by the Police Department to the Leper's Home in Canton, while the rest were sent to their homes in the usual way. All the charges incurred were refunded by Messrs. Gibb, Livingston & Co., the agents in Hongkong of the British North Borneo Government.

14. Repatriation of Assisted emigrants.--

(a.) From Banca.-Seventy-six (76) assisted coolies rejected by the medical officer were repatriated from Banca, as compared with two hundred and fifty-five (255) in 1921. All were sent home by the Tung Wa Hospital and the expenses incurred refunded by the Holland China Trading Co., by whom the coolies were recruited.

(b.) From Balik Papan.-Nine hundred and thirteen (913) assisted coolies rejected by the medical officer were repatriated from Balik Papan as compared with one hundred and fity-five (155) in 1921. All were sent home at the expense of the Holland China Trading Co., by whom they had been recruited.

(c.) From Deli, Sumatra.-Six hundred and ninety-eight (698) assisted coolies and undesirables were repatriated from Deli, Sumatra, as compared with twenty-four (24) in 1921. They were sent to their homes at the expense of the Consul General for the Netherlands in Hongkong.

15. Redemption of Assisted Emigrants.-Eleven (11) appli- cations of this nature were received as compared with twenty-two (22) in 1921.

(a.) Banca.-Four (4) applications were received, and all the men were repatriated and handed back to their relatives.

(b.) Balik Papan.-One (1) application was received, and the man traced, repatriated and handed back to his relatives.

(c.) Singapore (Christmas Island).-One (1) application was received and forwarded to the Protector of Chinese, Singapore, The matter was being dealt with at the end of the year.

(d.) Deli, Sumatra. Five (5) applications were received, and all the men were repatriated and handed over to their relatives. Redemption from Deli was managed through the Agent for the Deli Planters Association in Hongkong, who has so far borne all the expenses.

16. Seven (7) passage broker's licences at $200 each were issued under the Asiatic Emigration Ordinance No. 30 of 1915.

17. A classificàtion of assisted emigrants according to language spoken is given in Table V.

THE BOARDING HOUSE ORDINANCE.

No. 23 of 1917.

are

18. Under this Ordinance Chinese Boarding Houses divided into seven classes for the purpose of licensing and regulation.

19. Class 1, Chinese Hotels.-These are run very much on the lines of European Hotels, and are licensed for the sale of alcohol.

C 5

There are only two houses of this class in the Colony, the Great Eastern and the Stag. Both applied for and were granted fresh licences after October 31st.

20. Class 11, First Class Hak U.-These are large boarding houses, which cater principally for independent emigration and interport passenger business. During the year three (3) new boarding houses of this class were opened. At the end of the year the houses numbered twenty-one (21) all of which had renewed their licences. The lawful accommodation provided by these twenty-one (21) houses is three thousand two hundred and twenty- three (3,223) persous as compared with two thousand nine hundred and seven persons (2,907) for eighteen (18) houses in 1921.

21. Class III, Second Class Hak U.-These are small board- ing houses for independent emigration mostly to and from the Straits Settlements and Java ports. No new houses of this class were opened during the year, nor any existing houses closed. The number of houses at the end of the year was twenty-one (21), with lawful accommodation for one thousand four hundred and twenty- six (1,426) persons.

The above three classes of Boarding Houses are reported to have done fair business during the year.

22. Class IV, Boarding Houses for Assisted Emigrants.-These houses are mainly used by assisted emigrants and their recruiters, who may not, while in this Colony, be lodged in any other place. During the year four (4) existing houses were closed and two (2) new ones opened. At the end of the year there were twelve (12) houses in existence, with lawful accommodation for nine hundred and thirty-six (936) men as compared with fourteen (14) houses accommodating nine hundred and eight (908) men at the end of 1921.

During the year (4) licences for the transfer of names of licensees, for the removal of premises or for the addition of floors were issued to Boarding Houses of Classes II and IV, as compared with seventeen (17) licences issued to houses of classes II, III, and IV in 1921.

23. Class V, Ku Li Kun (lodging houses for coolies).--421 licences were issued as against 311 in 1921; of these 396 were renewed at the end of the year as against 259 in 1921. 1 licence was issued for transfer of name of licensee or for removal of premises (in 1921 there were 5). 5 prosecutions were instituted against houses of this class (in 1921 there were none).

24. Class VI, Ku Kung Ngoi U (lodging houses for employees of firms).-253 licences were issued as against 305 in 1921; of these 229 were renewed at the end of the year as against 301 in 1921. 5 licences were issued for transfer of name of licensee or for removal of premises, as against 8 in 1921. 50 houses were closed as against 30 in 1921. No prosecutions were instituted against houses of this class (in 1921 there were also none).

C 6

25. Class VII, Hang Shun Kun (residential clubs for seamen). 113 licences were issued as against 111 in 1921; of these 109 were renewed at the end of the year as against 110 in 1921. 9 licences were issued for transfer of name of licensee or for removal of premises as against 12 in 1921. No prosecutions were instituted against houses of this class (in 1921 there were also none).

REGULATION OF CHINESE.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.

(i.)-REGISTRATION OF HOUSEHOLDERS.

26. One thousand three hundred and fifty nine (1,359) house- holders were registered as against 1,446 in 1921; of these 189 were first registrations as against 155 in 1921, 2,410 changes of tenancy were also notified for registration as against 7,668 in 1921. The great falling off in the changes of tenancy was due to the Rents Ordinance.

27. The number of Chinese business men in Victoria and Kowloon offering themselves as sureties to Government Departments and reported on by this office was 1,048 as against 1,114 in 1921.

28. One non-resident householder was required. to enter into a bond; the figure was two in 1921. 33 certified extracts from the Registers were issued as against 48 in 1921. No duplicate House- holder's certificate was issued as against 1 in 1921 while 2 House- holders' Removal Certificates were issued as against 19 in 1921.

(ii)-DISTRICT WATCHMEN.

(Table VI.)

29. The District Watchmen Committee met on 14 occasions: the average attendance being 12. The loyal advice and assistance of this important Committee (which deals with every kind of quest- tion affecting the Chinese Community) continues to be of the great- est value to the Government.

30. Mr. Chow Shou-son's term of 5 years expired and he was re-appointed by His Excellency the Governor for a further period of 5 years.

The four vacancies caused by the resignation of Messrs. Ho Kom-tong and Tse Yam-chi and by the death of Messrs. Lau Chu-pak and Tong Lai-tsun were filled by the appointment of Messrs. Li Wing-kwong, Lo Cheung-shiu, Wong Iu-tung and To Sz-tun.

During 1921 the two members selected from the retiring Com- mittee of the Tung Wa Hospital and the Po Leung Kuk, who hold

- C7

their appointments for one year, were Dr. Wan Man-kai and Mr. Li Yik-mui vice Messrs. Li Wing-kwong and Kwok Siu-lau whose terms had expired.

31. The balance to the credit of the District Watchmen Fund at the end of the year was $34,890 as compared with $31,063, the income thus exceeding the expenditure by $3,837. Of the balance $28,000 is invested in Hongkong 6% War Loan, and the remainder $,890 deposited in the Colonial Treasury.

32. The total strength of the District Watchmen Fund at the end of the year was 102; which figure is the approved establishment, One vacancy at the beginning of the year and 6 casualties have been filled by enlistment.

33. The number of convictions secured by the force was 289 as compared with 363 in 1921, and 426 in 1920.

34. The Detective Staff numbered 20 in 1922. Police Inspector- Murphy continued to devote part of his time to the supervision of this section of the Force. When he left in January his place was taken by Police Inspector Appleton. As he has been able to give his full time to the work, the number of convictions obtained has accordingly increased, although a great deal of the energy of the whole District Watchmen Force has been expended in dealing with the Labour troubles of the year. Inspector Appleton has done excellent work throughout and besides raising the standard of the detective side of the Force, has justified his appointment as liaison officer. The connection with the Regular Police has been effectively used to the advantage of both sides, and without interference with the essential character of the District Watch.

(iii.)-PERMITS.

35. Six hundred and ninety-seven (697) permits to fire crackers were issued as against eight hundred and ninety-seven (897) in 1921, and these five hundred and fifty-four (554) were on the occasion of marriage.

36. Other permits issued were 17 for religious ceremonies and 9 for processions. 159 permits were issued for theatricals, 120 of which performances were held in permanent and 39 in temporary buildings.

MARRIAGES.

Ordinance No. 7 of 1875 and No. 6 of 1903.

37. The number of marriages solemnised during the year was 169 as compared with 165 in 1921. The number contracted at the Registrar's Office was 31. In 1921 it was 29.

C 8

CERTIFICATES OF IDENTITY TO CHINESE ENTERING THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,

Ordinance No. 3 of 1898.

38. 6 certificates were issued to Chinese to enter the United States of America (the figure was. 17 in 1921), and no certificates to enter the Phillippine Islands were issued as against 2 in 1921.

These certificates are limited to Chinese British subjects resident in Hongkong.

BRITISH BORN SUBJECT CERTIFICATES.

39. There were eight applications for these certificates, five of which were granted and certificates issued; two were refused. In one case, registration as a British subject at H.B.M. Consulate- General, Canton, was secured for the applicant but no certificate was issued.

There were no applications for naturalisation.

REGISTRATION OF BOOKS

Ordinance No. 2 of 1888.

40. Forty-one books were registered during the year as com- pared with twenty-four in 1921.

TUNG WA HOSPITAL AND MAN MO TEMPLE.

Ordinance No. 1 of 1870, No. 9 of 1904 and No. 10 of 1908.

(Tables VII to XI).

41. The following gentlemen were elected to form the Com- mittee for 1923:

-----

Wong Ping-shun,

Au Lim-tsun,

Ma Wing-chan, Fok Kwai-shiu, Ho Wa-shang, Lam Kiu-shang,

Lam Sze-chau,

Chan Tin-shan, Wong Mang-wai, Lai Hoi-shan, Au Yeung Man-hing, Tse Chau-tam, Chan Man-chung, Lau Shiu-tsun.

42. The year's work (1922) was carried out with the usual efficiency and detailed care, but there was no event during the year calling for special effort on the part of the Committee.

43. Several items such as Rent of Hospital property and subscriptions showed decreases, which may be ascribed to the influence of the Rents Ordinance and trade depression.

C 9

44. The total number of in-patients admitted during 1922 was 8,079, as compared with 6,881 in 1921 and 7,129 in 1920 Of these 4,505 or 56% as against 51% in 1921 elected to be treated by European methods.

The out-patients numbered 166,002 as against 123,001 in 1921 and 148,589 in 1920, and of these 29,722 or 18% as against 19% in 1921, chose European treatment.

45. The number of surgical operations performed was 268 as against 292 in 1921. There were also 132 eye operations performed as against 93 in 1921.

46. The number of destitutes temporarily housed and then sent to their homes was 1,289 (2,014 in 1921); most of whom were sent to the Hospital from this office.

47. Of the Charitable Funds managed by the Hospital, the Man Mo Temple Fund (Table XI) shows an excess of receipts over expenditure of $30,753, an increase of $9,457 over the balance of 1921. The Maternity Hospital at Saiyingpun shows a credit balance of $3,563 (Table XII),

48. The balance sheet of the Brewin Charity as set out in Table XIII shows that the income for the year exceeded the ex- penditure by $3,547.38.

The amount spent in gratuities and pensions was $4,847 as compared with $4,689 in 1921 and $4,028 in 1920.

$6,000 is invested in Hongkong 6% War Bonds.

KWONG WA HOSPITAL.

Tables XIV to XV(B).

49. The work of the Hospital continued to show an increase during 1922. In all 4,947 patients were admitted (as against 4,291 in 1921) of whom 3,417 or 69% (as against 72% in 1921 and 62% in 1920) came under European treatment, while 1,530 elected to be treated by Chinese methods.

50. The total number of out-patients treated was 44,881 as against 36,160 in 1921; of these 26,801 elected to receive European treatment. This gives a percentage of 74 as against one of 78 in 1921.

In the absence of any other Hospital in Kowloon, the Kwong Wa does much work-all cases from the Police and the Docks for instance are treated here--which perhaps falls outside the limits of a Chinese Charity.

C 10

CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES AND PLAGUE HOSPITALS,

(Tables XVI to XXI).

51. The total number of cases treated at the Dispensaries was 137,818 as compared with 146,222 in 1921. Of this total 76,129 were new and 61,689 return cases.

52. The total number of vaccinations performed was 14,211 as against 10,229 in 1921.

53. The total expenditure on the Dispensaries was $43,158; the net expenditure was $39,358.

54. The net revenue of the Dispensaries, excluding a grant of $4,000 by Government was $42,568, as compared with $44,273 in 1921.

55. The two Kowloon Dispensaries at Hunghom and Shamshuipo show balances of $3,828 and $7,185 respectively. In 1921 the balances were $3,782 and $6,505.

56. The number of dead and dying infants brought to the Dispensaries was 1,494 as against 1,190 in 1921.

57. 1,375 corpses were 'removed to hospital or mortuary as against 970 in 1921; 588 applications for coffins were received as against 399 in 1921; and there were 668 attendances for the clean- sing of infected premises as against 257 in 1921.

58. The Dispensaries Committee are again indebted to the authorities of the Alice Memorial Hospital for assistance in the matter of the issue of medicines and drugs, and the regulation of their consumption.

59. The number of bodies considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year was 969 as compared with 643 in 1921. The monthly figures varied from 77 in April to 24 in January and September (Table XX ».

Of the 969 bodies abandoned none were taken to the Chinese Public Dispensaries as against 4 in 1921 and 17 in 1920,

60. Table XIX compiled from statistics in the Sanitary Depart- ment shows the number of death certificates issued in proportion to the total number of Chinese deaths, and the number of cases in which post mortem examination were held.

61. The new Tsan Yuk I Un-A Maternity Hospital under the auspices of the Chinese Public Dispensaries Committee--was opened in Western Street on the 17th October: and by 31st December, 1922, had dealt with 56 cases, 6 cases remaining in the Hospital at the end of the year. It is intended to make the est- ablishment a training school in midwifery for Chinese women

7

students and it is hoped that those who qualify will complete their medical education by a course in general nursing at the Government Civil Hospital.

The Institution starts well: the building and equipment cost $94,219, and it was clear of debt before the doors were opened, the subscriptions to it including handsome donations of $10,000 from Mr. Nemazee and $3,000 from Mr. Mok Kon-shang. Further, through the generosity of the Tung Wa Hospital Authorities it has au endowment of $45,000 invested in House property, and an iu- come of $100 a month from the proceeds of the Chinese Recreat- ion Ground.

The Maternity Hospital at Wanchai has dealt with 712 cases as against 703 in 1921.

CHINESE PERMANENT CEMETERY.

(Table XXII.)

62. The balance increased from $22,749 in 1921 to $24,030 ; in 1920 the balance was $16,344.

63. TRANSLATION WORK DONE IN THE SECRETARIAT FOR CHINESE

AFFAIRS DURING THE YEAR 1922.

Translation from Chinese

into English.

Translation from English

into Chinese.

Petitions,

119

Ordinances.

1

Letters,

169

Regulations,

32

Newspaper articles and

Government notices,

178

52

items of news,

Minutes,

نا

Unspecified,

164

Unspecified,

34

Total,............ 504

Total,.......

254

758

Grand total,.................

The total number of translations done by the Translator was thus 758 as against 608 in 1921, 823 in 1920, and 715 in 1919.

64. In addition, a large number of translations made in other Government Departments are sent to this office for revision. Much translation work is done by members of the staff other than the Translator, but of this no record is kept.

C 12

CHINESE RECREATION GROUND.

(Table XXIII.)

65. The income from stalls has slightly increased, from $3,205 in 1921 to $3,274. The balance has increased from $5,067 in 1921 to $7,036. The Ground makes a contribution of $100 a month to the funds of the Tsan Yuk Hospital as from 1st October, 1922.

PASSAGE MONEY FUND.

(Table XXIV.)

66. The net income of the Fund was $279 and the total ex- penditure $402 as compared with $707 and $531 last year.

NEW ORDINANCES.

67. No. 13 of 1921 The Rents Ordinance was renewed for a further period of one year. Large numbers of tenants and land- lords continued to avail themselves of the advice and assistance of this office.

The Industrial Employment of Children Ordinance (No. 22 of 1922) was passed, to come into force on January 1st, 1923. The Secretary for Chinese Affairs was made Protector of Child Labour.

GENERAL.

68. Under the terms of the Deportation Ordinance (No. 25 of 1917) reports were furnished on 218 suspects arrested by the Police under warrants of detention. Of these suspects 42 were released, 1 failed to answer to his bail, and 175 were banished. number of reports furnished in 1921 was 175.

The

69. The allocation of the Annual Grant of $25,000 to Local Chinese Charities was the same as last year, viz :-

Kwong Wa Hospital,

Sham Shui Po Chinese Public Dispensary, Kowloon City Chinese Public Dispensary,..

$ 20,000

3,000

2,000

$ 25,000

LABOUR.

70. The year 1922 was characterized by wide-spread labour unrest. The Seamen's strike in January and February was accom- panied in its concluding stages by a general strike of labour in the Colony, and throughout the remainder of the year disputes took place in various branches of industry and trade. These were in

– °C 13

some cases settled without recourse to a strike, usually on a basis of percentage increases. A few strikers, such as those of the Chinese Restaurant Employees and the Watchmakers' Employees, were never formally settled, but new hands were engaged to take the place of those who struck.

The following is a list of the principal trades and industries in which disputes occurred during the year.

Seamen, Stevedores, Tallymen, Launchmen, Building Car- penters, Motor Bus Drivers, Chinese Restaurant Employees, Med- icine Workers, Cargo-boats, Sharks' fin, workers, Sawyers, Dyers, Chinese boat-builders, Caulkers, Watchmakers, Bakers, Low Level Tram Company's Employees, Sugar Lighter coolies, knitting factories, Hongkong Electric Light Company's Employees, and Chinese Blacksmiths.

An extraordinary amount of detailed labour was involved in the conferences connected with the settlements of these disputes. True economic questions undoubtedly arose—the position of labour in the rest of the world could but be reflected here: but they were ex- ploited to an extent with which the main body of the labourers had no sympathy and which carried the disputes into a realm where the economic origin had little to do with the demands made by agita- tors as the minimum required for a settlement. The principal cause of this effect was the political position of China, and par- ticularly of South China: the services of labour, and of such funds as the Guilds could provide, had been enlisted in a purely political struggle in a manner that went far towards putting the control of the balance of political power in the hands of its leaders. It is impossible to deny that this power was unscrupulously used or to believe that the objects of the leaders when they had realised the extent of their opportunity were to forward either the interests of their country or the wishes of the labourers for whom they spoke. The general strike was largely a matter of the intimidation of willing workers: a policy made only too easy by the gregarious and timid habits of the Chinese labourer. Some of course were carried away by the glowing promises of higher wages made to them by a combination that seemed to dominate Canton and to hold Hongkong also in the hollow of its hand: but even these have begun to see daylight and to realise that an increase of wages is of little value, if the increase is largely swallowed up by the demands of their "victorious" leaders and by its boomerang effect on employment and prices. Further, whatever may have been the position in 1921 concerning the readiness of employers to consider the demands of labour, (and wages in some trades or sections of them did require adjustment) the workman is beginning to realise that he can now always secure a reasonable hearing without utilising the services of an expensive and dangerous agitator as a medium, and that the real value of the Great Strike (if it had any value at all for them) was that it impressed on employers the necessity for quick and reasonable accessibility to complaints and demands: and the lesson was pushed full home on all alike, and there was nothing left for the later strikes to do. These were at best poor copies and shewed nothing on the credit side which could not have been obtained

C 14

without loss through more regular methods. The general strike was no sooner ended than a realisation of the results of their methods caused a secession from the Seamen's Union which has left the Union with practically no membership outside the men of the seewards Department of which it was originally composed. It still has power, based largely on the funds accumulated in the months of its ascendency and the personality of some of its leaders, but its influence is waning. Its hand has been seen in nearly every labour trouble of the year: but it has had to struggle to retain even its welcome as a meddler and has failed to organise the combination of all labour societies which is now its principal aim. Its two principal allies-the Kong Ng Lun Shun Kung Ui and the Hip Tsun Tsung Kung Ui have been suppressed owing to their illegal actions.

It has been curious to note the growth of a new Chinese Labour vocabulary during the year: Chinese, even illiterate, can be very voluble orators and their speeches are peppered copiously with the new phrases for "capital" and "labour" and the like, and illustrated freely with comparisons between the sale of labour and ordinary commodities, for which a box of matches does splendid service. The box lends itself to division and subdivision, represent- ing either bales of goods or individuals; and even the breaking of an overpressed match has its human parallel. But the ideas based on this vocabulary were, generally speaking, very limited and gave the impression indeed that they were always obtained second hand from some common source. They appeared at full length in every interview and discussion and were always held to support the same demand of an increase of about 40%, regardless of existing differences in conditions or of recent increases there seemed to be something of a magic ring about the figure.

In several cases during the year notably that of the Restaurants--strikes burnt themselves out. Excessive demands were made which the employers could not concede :--they offered the best terms possible and asked only for the protection of the willing workers. These were easily found at the price and after a period of extraordinary precautions against violence matters returned to normal, all the old servants being replaced. Many of them however have since been reinstated where this could be done without injustice to the new hands. This strike was of note in that it showed the first effort on the part of the Community to resist the methods of intimidation: the strikers were powerful and well supported, but a rallying point for resisting intimidation had been found, and the agitators at once ceased to have matters all their own way: and the workmen were free to exercise the tsz yau (independence of action) of which their leaders talked so much, but allowed so little to those in their power.

It is improbable that 1922 has seen the end of our labour troubles but it is justifiable to expect that such disputes as may occur will be open to discussion for the discovery of reasonable solutions without resort to the strike. The glamour of the Seamen's Union Victory was at first dazzling to all labour: but experience and consideration has since shewn that the advantage in this game

€ 15

of follow my leader lay mostly with the leader: and that any profits had a way of finding their way to a mysterious account called The Common Good, leaving the rank and file no better off than when they began.

Much trouble could have been avoided during the year by common action among employers: the want of it has resulted in differences in the treatment of the same classes of labour and con- sequent comparisons, always tending to force wages to the highest level conceded by any one employer, the smaller employers being naturally the more ready to make concessions. It is to be hoped that some kind of Employers Federation or Association will be formed in the near future: the advantage to the employers is obvious, but it is no less important to the labourer. The existence of a body to which disputes can be referred at any time, with the certainty that all necessary technical knowledge can be re- presented on it, will prevent that delay which is so dangerous in the early stages of a dispute and will at the same time secure to the men that they will be understood without the necessity for wearisome explanation of detail to untechnical ears. The Govern- ment would also reap material advantage in the saving of the time required before the serious formalities of appointing a Commission are considered justified, in the wider field of experience and technical and special knowledge which would be always at the disposal of such a body without delay and in the probable settlement of disputes without Government intervention.

STAFF.

Chief Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

71. Mr. A. E. Wood acted as District Officer, Tai Po, in addition to his other duties from 3rd to 31st January.

Second Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

72. Mr. W. Schofield acted as District Officer, Southern District in addition to his other duties from 14th August to 17th September.

Third Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

73. Mr. J. A. Fraser acted as Third Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs from 4th January to 20th April, and Mr. T. W. Ainsworth from 22nd September to 31st December.

EMIGRATION SUB-INSPECTOR.

74. Sergeant W. A. Pepperell reverted to the Police Department. on 11th September and Sergeant J. Bright was seconded from the same Department to take up the post on the same date,

C 16

EMIGRATION INTERPRETER.

75. Mr. To King Ki was promoted to Government Civil Hospital on 1st July and Mr. Lai Shiu-fuk was transfered from the Police Department to take up the post on the same date.

7th June, 1923.

E. R. HALLIFAX, Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Table I.

Revenue for the years 1921 and 1922.

C 17

Heads of Revenue.

Details of Revenue.

Ordinance under which received.

Revenue in

1921.

Revenue in

1922.

Increase.

Decrease.

$ 6.

S

0.

$

C.

(.

Licences and Internal Revenue not other-

Chinese Boarding House Licences, Marriage Licences,

wise specified.

or]

Fees of Court Office, Payments for Specific Purposes, and Reimburse-

ments-in-aid,,

Interest,

Emigration l'assage Brokers' Licences, Forfeitures,

Fines,

No. 1 of 1889 & No. 4 of 1908. No. 7 of 1875 & No. 15 of 1902. No. 30 of 1915.

11,556

*

1,358

1,440

11,850

1,621

1,400

*

274

*

263

50

25

25

Certificates to Chinese entering U.S.A Bond by Non-resident Householders, Official Signatures,

No. 3 of 1898.

900

300

600

No. 3 of 1888.

10

No. 14 of 1913.

130

84

46

Interest accrued on official account,

45

59

Other Miscellaneous Receipts,

Permits for Firework Displays,

210

170

40

Total,..

-

15,659

15,514.50

571.50

716

Dednet Increase,

571,50

Total Decrease in 1922,

144.50

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

- C 18

Table II.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

since 1913.

Revenue.

Expenditure.

Year.

Total.

Decrease.

Increase. Total. Decrease. Increase.

Percent- age of Expen- diture to Revenue.

C.

SA

..

C.

C.

%

1913,. 10,645.58 3,611.96

41,674.04 3,846.97

891-47

1914,

7,258.10 3,387.48

51,178.04

9,504.00 705·12

1915, ...

5,072.07 2,186.03

53,188.73

2,010.69 1,048-66

1916,

9,236.95

4,164.88 54,966.19

1.777.46 595-07

1917,

11,370.52

2,133.57 51,867.18 8,099.01

456·15

1918,.. 26,678.50

15,307.98 50,117.67 1,749.51

187.86

1919,

21,430.72 5,247.78

52,634.57

2,516.90 245.60

1920, .... 18,007,65 3,423.07

57,716.27

5,081.70 320-51

1921,

1922,

15,659.34 2,348.31.

15,514.50 144.50

18,705.03 39,011.24

102.25

21,115.67

2,410.64 136.10

$

r

Table III.

Number of Women and Girls detained in a Place of Refuge by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under Sectious 34 and 35 of Ordinance No. 4 of 1897, and arrangements made regarding them.

Under Detention on 1st January, 1922.

Detained during 1922.

Permitted to leave,

Permitted to leave under bond,

Restored to husband,

Restored to relatives,

Sent to native place,

Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total. Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total.

~~

2

2

14

1

1

14

ཁ:

Married,.

Adopted,

Sent to Refuge or Convent Died,

Awaiting marriage,

Cases under consideration,

I

2

5

1

1

3

7

26

Total,

:

Cases brought forward, 7.

Cases dealt with during the year, 29.

:

Total.

16

...

1

1

3

1

4

26

33

Cases carried forward, 4.

— C 19 -

Number of Female Passengers and Boys examined and passed before the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under "The Asiatic Emigration Ordinance, 1915," during the year 1922.

- °C 20 —

Women and Children, 1922.

Total

Women

Whither Bound.

and

Children,

Women.

Girls.

Boys.

Total.

1921.

Burmah,

Japan, .

2

48

62

Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States,

7,483

1,119

1,971

10,573

22,215

Dutch Indies,

406

42

198

646

2,487

Belawan, Deli,

311

72

99

482

354

British North Borneo,

316

90

129

576

928

Honolulu,

150

36

128

314

228

Central America,

38

Canada,

1

337

338

2,107

United States of America,

251

41

760

1,052

791

Mexico,

12

South America,

Australia,

India,

Cuba,

Rangoon,

Mauritius & Re-Union,

South Africa,

Batavia,

West Indies (Jamaica),

Sourabaya,

Balikpapan,.

Port Elizabeth,

:::

1

6

10

111

125

5

91

221

288

20

35

106

163

2

10

29

102

54

9.

44

107

422

1,270

30

:

30

18

5

18

60

200

37

188

425

3

2

7

6

3

6

15

Delagoa Bay,

Salina Cruz,

Callao,

Brisbane,

Victoria,.

5:288

26

48

2

2

12

1

63

76

33

2

56

91

60

9

634

703

Total, 1922,.

10,231

1,595

5,218

17,044

Total, 1921,.

18,514

2,828

8,708

30,050

30,050

C 21

Table V.

Number of Assisted Emigrants.

Rejected.

Year.

Examined.

Passed.

Un-

at

willing.

S.C.A.

by

as unfit.

Rejected Rejected Total Percentage

rejected. Doctor.

of rejection.

1920..

16,699

14,753

104

12

+5

161

-96

1921,

22,049 19,171

86

36

رت

130

*58

1922

8,072 6,712

11

13

7

31

38

Treatment of Rejected Emigrants for 1922.

Sent home through Tung Wah Hospital at expense

of Boarding Houses,

24

Rejected by doctor and sent back to boarding houses

to be cured,

Total rejected......

Native Districts of Assisted Emigrants Passed.

31

West River,

872

East River,

3.396

North River,

212

Canton,......

747

Delta,

464

Kowng Sai,....

554

Southern Districts,

341

Mandarin, (Hunan, Kwong Sai and Kiang Si),

126

Total,

6,712

C 22

Table V,-Continued.

Destinations of Assisted Emigrants.

Whither bound.

Male Assisted Emigrants.

1921.

1922.

Straits Settlements and F. M. S.,.............

292

183

British North Borneo,.......

828

1,035

Dutch Indies :-

Banca,

3,269

1,738

Billiton,

2.187

Balikpapan,

1,478

Belawan Deli,

9,930

2.905

British Solomon Island,

India,

242

Samoa,

1,079

Ocean Island,

108

535

Naura,

Makaten,

Christmas Island,

Total,

74

19,171

6,712

Classification of the Assistant Emigrants examined, according to the language spoken gives the following figures :-

Cantonese, Hakka,

Hoklo,

Southern Mandarin (mostly from Kwong Sai and

Hunan), Hainanese,

Pi

Total,

3,673

1,048

3,045

240

66

8,072

- C 23

Table VI.

Statement of the Receipts and Expenditure relative to the Hongkong District Watchmen's Fund for the year 1922.

Receipts.

Expenditure.

To Balance,

31,063

By Wages and Salaries :-

Chief District Watchmen,

2,979

Contributions,

38,921

Assistant Chief District Watch-

men,

2,400

Detectives,

6,000

31

Grant by Government,

2,000

1st Class District Watchmen,...11,412

2nd

"9

3,477

""

Payment for District Watchmen for

3rd

"

**

569

Special Services,.....

1,001

26,838

Interest on Hongkong Government

6% War Loan,

Miscellaneous :--

1,680

Cooks,..

768

Coolies,

600

Messengers,

84

Interest on Current Account,

69

""

1,452

Reward Fund,.

15

"

Office Staff:-

Manager,

90

>>

Fines,

7

Writer,

132

Interpreter,

432

Cost of Whistles,

CO

3

Collector,

576

22

1,230

Sale of Condemned Stores,

1

دو

Total,.....

29,520

"2

Rent from Mr. Yeung Ying-Ink for per- mission to erect the iron gate on In- land Lot No.680, for the year 1922

1

12

Other Charges:

Allowance to Detectives,

1,308

Medal Allowance,

1,640

Instructor Allowance,

96

Oil Allowance,

128

Electricity,

282

Conservancy Allowance,..

55

Coolie Hire and Conveyance

Allowance,

1,148

Uniform and Equipment,

1,466

Stationery and Printing,

225

Furniture,

96

Repairs and Fittings to D.W.

Stations,

128

Rent of Telephone,

328

Premium on Fire Policies,

273

Gratuity and Rewards,

834

Crown Rent,

16

Photos for District Watchmen,

12

Sundries,

296

8,337

""

Pensions :-

Ex. Chief District Watchman So Tai

and others,

2,016

Total Expenditure,...

39,873.67

Balance,

"

34,890.56

Total,

74,764.23

Total,............$

74,764.23

Balance in Colonial Treasury :-

In Hongkong Government 6% War Loan,.. $28,000.00

Cash,...

Total,......

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

$ 6,890.00

$34,890.56

*

Patients.

Table VII.

Number of Patients under treatment and other statistics concerning the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1922.

Admitted.

Out-patients.

197 2,591 2,940 5,531 5,728 3,859 1,621 248 75,259 17,514 92,773 2,395 1,180 1,289 983 1,565 2,548 2,608 | 1,874 646 88 61,02112,208 78,229 670

Male,

Female,

60

Total,..

257 3,5744,505 8,079 8,3365,733 2,267

336 136,280 29,722 166,002 2,395 1,850 | 1,289

Total for 1921,

330 3,329 3,552 6,881 17,211 5,141 1,813

257 98,763 24,238 123,001 2,865 1,363 2,014

C 24

Receipts.

C 25

Table VIII.

TUNG WAH_HOSPITAL CASH ACCOUNT 1922.

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

Maternity Hospital

Cash Balance from last year

Tung Wah Hospital account $80,421.24

Kwong Wah Hospital,

24,192.32

8,286.18

C.

3

IS

C.

Current account with Kwong Wah Hos-

pital..

53,506.23

Current account with Man Mo Temple Current account with Emergency Fund...

14,507.01

60.00

Emergency Fund

...

58,033.17

Current account with Maternity Hospital

8,932.78

Man Mo Temple....

20.296.98

191,229.89

Provisions for staff

9,436.16

Current account with Kwong Wah Hos-

Salaries for staff

30,752.50

pital

181,879.43

Provisions for siek rooms

18,610.25

Current account with Man Mo Temple Interest collected on behalf of Emergency

24,963.42

Sick room sundries

7,707.12

Hospital sundries

5,418.88

Fund

1,392.79

Chinese drugs...

21,092.83

Current account with Maternity Hospital..

4,209.76

Western drugs

9,048.10

Receipts from performance by actor Mu

Lan Fong

Repairs....

6,168.46

6,666.55

Destitutes' and Patients' passages

287.60

Rents

73,824.79

Repairs to Hospital property

1,089.13

Subscriptions collected from steainers

5,360.29

Lights

6,272.67

Annual subscriptions of Hongs......

8,025.00

Insurance

905.00

Subscriptions from wealthy persons.

5,370.00

Crown rent and rates

9,164.88

Subscriptions and donations

4,819,83

Small-pox Hospital expenses

2,287.47

Subscriptions from Directors past and pre-

Sick room extension..

8,506.73

sent

4,349.32

Yee Shan Coffin home

386.19

Special contributions for supply of medi-

cines, quilted clothing, coffins and

Stamps, stationery and advertisements New Building on Hospital property

1,995.06

5,105.00

shrouds

2,338.60

New Laboratory

4,200.00

Government grauts

8,000.00

Grant to Kwong Wah Hospital

2,500.00

Grant from Man Mo Temple...

2,500.00

Grant to Fong Pin Hospital, Canton....

1,000.00

Contributions from Theatres..

2,200.00

Burial of bodies from Government Mor-

Hongkong War Loan dividend

3,000.00

tuary

2,381.80

Contributions for Mortuary expenses

4,700.00

Interest

20,003.34

Coffins for bodies from Government

Mortuary......

4,912.50

Premium on notes and discount on goods.

purchased

1,428.73

Fees from Patients

3,496.59

Burial of bodies by Tung Wah Hospital... Coffins for buried bodies by Tùng Wah Hospital and coffins supplied to

3,879.21

Sale of medicines, kitchen refuse, coffin

home charges and sundries

steamers

6,214.44

23,262.86

Balance

336,722.89

Grand Total.......

$ 583,051.19.

Grand Total....

$583,051.19

The Balance of $336,722,89 consists of the following credit balances :-

Tung Wah Hospital

Kwong Wah Hospital..

.$ 90,474.86

152,565.52

Man Mo Temple

Emergency Fund...

Maternity Hospital....

(For particulars see separate sheet attached).

30,753.39

59,365.96

3,563.16

C 26

Table VIII.—(A).

Particulars as to Credit Balances.

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL IN ACCOUNT WITH KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.

To credit Balance brought forward from 1921, $24,192.32 | By Payments during 1922,

Amount received during 1922,

"

Balance,

""

186,879.43

$211,071.75

$58,506.23

152,565.52

$211,071.75

ל

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL IN ACCOUNT WITH MAN MO TEMPLE.

To credit Balance brought forward from 1921, $20,296.98 | By Payments during 1922,

Amount received during 1922,

...

24,963,42

$45,260.40

Balance,

$14,507.01 30,753.39

$45,260.40

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL IN ACCOUNT WITH MATERNITY HOSPITAL.

To credit Balanee brought forward from 1921,

$8,286.18 By Payments during 1922, ...

دو

Amount received during 1922,

4,209.76

Balance,

"

$12,495.94

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL IN ACCOUNT WITH EMERGENCY FUND. To credit Balance brought forward from 1921, $58,033.17 | By Payments during 1922,

Interest received during 1922,

1,392.79

$59,425.96

>

Balance,

...

$8,932.78 3,563,16

Credit balance at end of 1921,

Appropriated from General Fund 1922,

Information as to Special Funds.

NEW WING.

$1,634.90 By amount paid for erection of New Wing

6,871.83 in 1922,

Credit balance at end of 1921,

$8,506.73

NEW LABORATORY.

By amount paid for erection of New Labora-

$4,200.00

tory in 1922,

...

$12,495.94

$60.00 59,365.96

$59,425.96

$8,506.73

$8,506.73

$4,200.00

C 27

Table IX.

TUNG WAH HOSPITAL.

Income and Expenditure.

Income.

Funds brought forward from 1921.

General,

...

New Wing.

New Laboratory,

$

C.

...

$74,586.34 1,634.90 4,200.00

A. Maintenance :-

Provisions:

Expenditure.

Food for staff,

Food for Patients,

39-

C.

...$ 9,436.16 18,610.25

80,421.24

28,046.41

.. Ordinary:-

Subscriptions:---

Surgery and Dispensary :-

Chinese drugs,, ...

$21,092.83

Western drugs

9,048.10

30,140.93

Annual subscriptions of Hongs,... $ 8,025.00 Subscriptions collected on steamers

and donations,

Establishment :-

5,360,29

Light, ...

$ 6.272.67

4,849.83

Insurance,

905.00

"

from wealthy persons,

5,370.00

Repairs,

6,168.46

from Directors past

Repairs to Hospital property

1,089.13

and present,

...

4,349.32

Sick room expenses,

7,707.42

27,954.44

Small pox Hospital expenses,

2,287.47

Grants:

Government,..

....

Man Mo Temple, ...

Special Contributions :---

For Mortuary Expenses,

Mortuary expenses,

386.19

Crown rents, rates and taxes,

9,164,88

$ 8,000.00 2,500.00

33,981.22

Salaries, Wages, etc. :—

10,500.00

Staff salaries,

Sundries and Bonuses,

$30,752.50 5,418.88

36,171.38

$ 4,700.00

Appeals. Grants, etc.:-

From Ko Shing and Kau Yu Fong

theatres, ...

2,200.00

Destitutes' and Patients' Passages, $ 287.60 Kwong Wah & Fong Pin Hospitals, 3,500.00

For supply of medicines, quilted clothing, coffins and shrouds,

3,787.60

2,338.60

Miscellaneous

9,238.60

Stationery,

$ 1,995,06

Invested property :-

Burial of bodies from Govern-

ment Mortuary,

2,381.80

Rents,

...

$73,824.79

Coffins of bodies from Govern-

Interest....

20,003.34

ment Mortuary,

4,912.50

Hongkong War Loan Dividend,...

3,000,00

Burial of bodies by Tung Wah

96,828.13

Hospital,

3,879,21

Other Receipts :—

Coffins for bodies buried by Tung

Premium on notes and discount

Wah Hospital and coffins sup- plied to steamer,

6,214.44

on goods purchased,

$ 1,428.73

19,383.01

Sale of medicines, Kitchen refuse,

B. Extraordinary Expenditure:--

coffin home charges & sundries, 23,262.86 Fee from Patients,

New building on Hospital property, $ 5.105.00

3,496.59

Cost of building New Wing

1,634.90

28,188.18

from Special Fund,

Extraordinary:-

Receipts from performance by actor

Mu Lan Fong,...

$6,666.55

6,666.55

Balance,

Cost of building New Wing

from General Fund, New Laboratory,...

...

6,871.83

4,200.00

17,811.73 90,474.86

$259,797.14

$259,797.14

Receipts.

Table X.

Emergency Fund Account, 1922.

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

C.

Balance from account 1921,

58,033.17

Boat-hire to 2 destitutes,

Interest,

1,392.79

Balance,

Total,

59,425.96

C.

60.

59,365.96

Total,.

59,425.96

C 28

Receipts.

Table XI.

Man Mo Temple Fund Account, 1922.

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

Balance from account 1921,

20,296

Tung Wa Hospital,

2,500

Temple Keeper...

2,000

Free Schools and sundries,

7,734

Rent of Temple property,

6,744

Repairs to Temple property and free schools,

440

Refund of Police rates for the free schools,

32

Police Rates, Crown Rent, and Insurance

Interest,

486

Premium,

1,541

Deposits by Stalls,.....

11,941

Refund of Deposits,

2,000

Grant in Aid from the Education Department Government Grant in Aid of free Schools,.

1,149

2,610

Repair to water taps in front of Temple,... Stamps, ...

252

37

Balance,

30,753

Total,.

45,260.40

*Ceuts omitted except in the totals.

Total,.

45,260.40

C 29

Table XII.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Saiyingpun Maternity Hospital, 1922.

Receipts.

Balance from 1921,

Rent of Hospital Property,

Interest,

Grand Total,.

Amount.

Expenditure.

A mount.

SA-

$.

8,286

4,189

Balance of Maternity Hospital 1921 handed over the Secretariat for

20

Chinese Affairs,

8,286

Police Rate and Crown Rent,

515

Repairs,

130

Balance,

3,563

12,495.94

Grand Total,.

12,495.94

*

Cents omitted except in the totals.

C 30

Table XII-(A).

Western Maternity (Tsan Yuk) Hospital Statement of Accounts for the years from 1919 to 1922.

Receipt.

*

-C 31

$

Expenditure.

*

Subscription:-

Mr. Lam Dore, Contractor,

85,000

Tung Wah Hospital,

20,000

Money drawn

from $50,000

Fee for Messrs. Little, Adams & Wood,

5,428

donated by the Jubilee of Tung

Fitting,

613

Wah Hospital,

5,000

Fee for boundary stone,

25

Rent of houses purchased with

Stamp for Lease and Agreement,

32

Tung Wah Hospital, Jubilee Donation,

91,099

...

3,286

Opening expenses,

43

Chinese Public Dispensary,

40,000

Wages,

812

Chinese Recreation Ground,...

10,000

Furniture,

2,385

Mr. H. M. Nemaxee,

10,000

Bedding,

735

Mr. Mok Kon-shang,

3,000

Cooking,

...

36

Messrs. Li Shui-kam, Li Yau-tsun,

Crown Rent,

4

Fung Ping-shan & Fu Yik-pang,

660

Clothing,

173

...

Messrs. Little, Adams & Wood, Mr. S. W. Tso,

904

100

Interest,

1,280

94,231

from:

Subscription in aid of the Fund

Chinese Public Dispensaries Fund, Chinese Recreation Ground Fund, Fees paid by patients in the Hospital,

1.500

300

...

68

1,868

Gas and Electricity.........

Stationery, Printing & Advertisement, Drugs.

Advance to Mr. Tsang Fuk-hing (Clerk of Chinese Public Dispen- sary, Western),

Fee for District Watchmen on duties at the door,

Miscellaneous,

Balance with Colonial Treasury,

38

73

89

...

Total,

...

$96,099 97

Total,

50

105

...

...

183

...

4,732

268

$96,099. 97

* Cents omitted except in the totals,

C 32

Table XII.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Brewin Charity during the year 1922.

Revenue.

Amount.

Expenditure.

Amount.

C.

C.

">

>>>

"

AAAAAAAAA R

77

To Balance from 1921,

Rent from shop property in Temple Street, Subscriptions from Directors, T. W. H.

18,442.65

Committee, P. L. K.

6,439.70 440.00 120.00

""

By Charity given to widows and orphans

A Fong, Photographer

4,847.25 1.60

""

Police Rates and Crown Rent for Temple

>>

>>

Street Property

716.60

""

22

Directors, K. W. H.

85,00

27

Insurance for Temple Street Property

525.50

Interest on War Bonds fr. Shanghai Bank

360.00

>>

Lime-washing Temple Street Property

100.00 ·

""

of Singapore.

271.48

""

>>

"

Deposit of girl, Mok Wai-yung.....

from Shanghai Bauk....

Commission on Insurance for Temple Street Deposit of Sat A Li with Wing Hing Bank through Mr. Li Wing-kwong for the Kang San year

Deposit raised by Mr. Li Yik-mui from theatrical performances for the San Yau

year..

600.00

""

Repairs to Temple Street Property Salary of Reut collector, Mr. Leung Fuk-chi

591.87

Interest ou deposits with Shanghai Bank...

260.40

for 6 months....

120.00

95.69

""

288.75

Salary of Rent Collectors Messrs. Chan Hung and Leung Hing-yeung for 7 months

140.00

3

250.00

>>

Salary of accountant Mr. Chan Yik-wau Stamps

100.00

26.05

Refund of Gratuity of Leung Ham-so

500.00

""

Interest for Leung Ham-so

11.37

2,040.00

>>

Stationery, fares for launch and Tram

cars, printed matters

23.40

Balance

""

21,990.03

Total,......

29,693.67

Total,..

29,693.67

By Deposit with Tung Wa Hospital

340.77

""

War Bouds (Hongkong 6%)

6,000.00

""

Gratuity of Sat A Li with Wing Hing Bank

250.00

"

Current afe Deposits with Shanghai Bank...

5,098.86

Proceeds raised from theatrical performance

on fixed deposit by Mr. Li Yik-mui

2,040.00

""

War Bonds of Singapore Government,

Fixed Deposit with Shanghai Bank

Total....

5,000.00

3,260.40

21,990.03

Patients.

Table XIV.

Number of Patients under treatment and other statistics concerning the Kwong Wa Hospital during the year 1922.

Admitted.

Out-patients.

Male,

1311,1731,8152,988 3,119 |2,025

941 153

11,180 13,732 24,912

266

Female,

76

357 |1,602 |1,959 |2,035 |1,423 547 65

6,900 13,069 19,969

183

Total,.

207

| 1,530 8,417 | 4,9475,154 3,448 | 1,488

218

18,080 26,801 44,881

449

Total for 1921, 195

1,1878,104 4,291 4,4863,253 1,026 207

|

7,869 28,291 [36,160

241

C 33 -

C'34

Table XV.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Kwong Wa Hospital for 1922.

Receipts.

Amount.

Payments.

Amonut.

$

*

Balance brought forward from

Current account with Tung Wabj

previous year,.

10,295.32

Hospital,

181,879.43

Government Grant,

8,500.00

Salaries to Hospital staff,

Special Donation,... 20,000.00

Subscription from Tung Wah

Hospital, sundries,

Hospital,.

2,500.00

Current account with Tung Wah

Hospital,.

53,506.23

Provisions for staff,

Provisions for patients,

Sick room expenses,.

Charcoal,

Subscriptions from

charitable

Chinese drugs.

13,133.59 3,617.20 1,670.33 10,795.17 2.222.07

601.93 5,251.25

tions,

persons and yearly subscrip-

Special subscriptions :-

By an unknown

Western drugs,

18,224.26

18,637.43 Lights,

1,684.16

:ཡ་

Telephone,

105.61

Stationery, stamps, and adver-

person for free drugs,

.$50,000.00

*

Tung Wab

tisements,

1,397.77

Water,

36.00

Discount on notes,

4.58

22

>>

Hospital for free

drugs,

this Hospital

for free drugs,...

Mr. Fung Ping

Shan for free drugs for the

72,842.00

Furniture and Repairs,

1,856.73

Coffins,

3,534.71

Burial of bodies from Hospital

1,814,90

Mortuary,

376.05

Burial of bodies from Yaumati

Public Mortuary,

421.15

Old Men's Asylum

11.90

Yam Shut year

Grave stones,

271.90

through

the

Cumsha to coolies, sale of refuse,

Tung Wah Hos-

&c.,

161.79

pital.

300.00

BALANCE,..........

9,838.16

Mr. Chan Kang

U for sick room

extension....

600.00

Tung Wah

Hospital for sick

room extension..

246.37

Interest on sub-

scriptious

for

free drugs

2.800.04

128,603.31

Tai Ping Theatres,.

Subscriptions by Ko Shing and

Donations from A Fong and Tai

2,450.00

Wo Photographers,

400.00

Donation from Old

Yaumati

Chinese Public Dispensary,

6,086.82

Subscription by Po Hing Theatre,

891.00

Payments by in-patients,

2,211.54

Sale of drugs and medicines,......

2,449.90

Premium on notes,

285.95

Sale of kitchen refuse,

308.54

Grand Total,257,126.04

Grand Total.......

257,126.01

-C 35

Table XV. (A.)

KWONG WAH HOSPITAL

Income and Expenditure 1922.

Income

Expenditure.

A. General Funds brought forward from 1921,

$13,599.35 A. Maintenances :--

A. Ordinary:-

PROVISIONS:-

- Government Grant,

SUBSCRIPTIONS :--

...$ 8,500.00

8,500.00

Staff, Patients,

...

Tung Wah Hospital,

Charitable persons,

ENTERTAINMENTS:-

...

$2,500.00 18,637.43

DISPENSARY:-

21,137.43

...$ 3,647.20 10,795.17

$ 14,442.37

Ko Shing & Tai Ping Theatres ...$ 2,450.00 Po Hing Theatre....

DONATIONS:

A Fong & Tai Wo Photographers..$ 400.00 Old Yaumati Chinese Public

Chinese drugs, Western drugs,

ESTABLISHMENT :—

891.00

3,341.00

Light, ...

Furniture and repairs

Sick room expenses,

Charcoal,

5,251.25 18,224.26

23,475.51

Dispensary

PATIENTS PAYMENTS:-

6,086,82

Telephone,...

6,486.82

Water,...

Sundries,

.$ 1,684.16

1,856.73

2,222.07

601.93

...

105.61

:

36.00 1,832.12

8,338.52

In-patients, Out-patients,

OTHER RECEIPTS

...

Premium on notes...

...

...

$ 2,211.54 2,449.90

SALARIES

4,661.44

Hospital Staff,

...$ 13,133.59

13,133.59

285.95

Sale of kitchen refuse

...

308.54

Miscellaneous

594.49

CHINESE DRUGS ANNUAL DISBURSEMENTS :—

Stationery, stamps and Adver-

tisements,

...

Fung Ping Shan annual subs-

Discount on notes,

1,397.77 4.58

cription,

...

Interest from Special Fund,

B. Extraordinary :---

DONATIONS:

$ 300.00 2,800.04

Coffins,

3,534.71

Burial of bodies,

376.05

3,100.04

Burial of bodies from Yaumati,..

421.45

Old Men's Asylum,

11.90

Grave stones,

271.90

6,018.36

Government Special Donation,

20,000.00

20,000.00

BALANCE,

16,012.12

$ 81,420.57

$ 81,420.57

O 36

Table XV. (B.)

FINANCIAL POSITION

OF THE

KWONG WAH HOSPITAL.

Amount left deposited in Tung Wah Hospital at end

of 1921,

...

...

...

Amount paid to Tung Wah Hospital on current account

in 1922,

...

Amount received from Tung Wah Hospital on current

account in 1922,

...

Amount left deposited in Tung Wah Hospital at end

$24,192.32

181,879.43

$206,071.75

53,506.23

of 1922,

Cash in hand at end of 1922,

Funds classified :-

General,

Chinese drugs, ...

Sick room extension,

...

...

...

$152,565,52 9,838.16

$162.403.68

...

$16,012.12

124,656,90

21,734.66

$162,403.68

PARTICULARS AS TO SPECIAL FUNDS.

Sick room extension :-

Special subscriptions received in 1921, Additional subscriptions received in 1922 (Chan

$20,888.29

Kang U),

600.00

Additional subscriptions received in 1922 (Tung

Wah Hospital), ...

246.37

$ 21,734.66

Free Chinese Drugs :-

By an unknown person,

"

Tung Wah Hospital,

""

this Hospital,

>>

$50,000.00

72,842.00

1,814.90

Interest,

"

Fung Ping-shan, for Yam Shut year through

Tung Wah Hospital,

Transfer to Income and Expenditure Account,

...

...

300.00 2,800.04

$127,756.94 3,100.04

$124,656.90

C 37

Table XVI.

Summary of work done by the Chinese Public Dispensaries: Victoria, Harbour, Shaukiwan, and Kowloon Peninsula.

Description.

Grand Grand Total. Total Total 1921.

1922.

New Cases,.

Return Cases,

76,129 61,689

Total,........

137,818 146,222

Certificates of nature of disease issued,

cause of death,.

Patients removed to hospital by ambulance,... Corpses removed to hospital or mortuary, Attendances at cleansing of infected premises, Compensation élaims sent in,

Applications received for coffins,

for midwives,

Confinement cases in Maternity Hospital,.

Infants brought to Dispensaries, (alive),

4

4

441

369

€35

414

1,375

970

668

257

8

588

399

283

234

712

703

36

53

命师

(dead),.

1,458

Total,.

Vaccinations at private houses,

>>

Dispensaries,

1,494

1,190

505

13,706

Total,..

14,211 10,229

38

Receipts.

To Balance,

""

Grant by Government,

4,000

Table XVII.

Chinese Public Dispensaries: Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1922.

3

*

56,208

*

Expenditure.

By Maintenances of Dispensaries,

3:

Victoria, 24,594 Harbour and

Donations from :-

"

Tai Ping Theatre,

2,250

ད་

San Theatre,

850

Ko Shing Theatre,..

225

>>

Subscriptions, Land,.

19,591

Yaumati, 5,735

Shaukiwan, 5,095

""

Kowloon City, 3,933

39,358

Harbour,

10,611

Shaukiwan,

2,955

Subscription towards the building of the Maternity Hospital, Western,... 2,300

Kowloon City,

722

37,204

,, Fees from Maternity Hospital in

Subscription in aid of the Fund of Maternity Hospital, Westeru,

1,500

C.P.D. at Wanchai,

Interest,

""

"

Interest on Hongkong Government

6% War Loan,

1,329

3,800

199

Balance in Colonial Treasury :-

3,060

On Hongkong Government 6% War Loan,

51,000

""

多中

Rent of house No. 3 Aberdeen Street,

Refund of advance from Western Maternity Hospital,......

742

In Cash,

7,998

32

Advance to :-

Dispensaries Clerks,

120

Alice Memorial Hospital for

purchase of drugs,

500

59,618

Total,.

$ 102,777 19

Total,.

102,777 19

* Cents omitted except in the totals,

C 39

Table XVIII.

Hunghom and Shamshuipo Dispensaries. .

Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1922.

Receipts -

Descriptions.

Balance,

Subscriptions, etc.,

Donation from :--

Po Hing Theatre;

Kun Yam Temple,

Scavenging Contractor at Hunghom,..

Kai Fong,...

Grant by Government,

Total,

Expenditure:-

Hung- Sham-

hom.

shuipo.

3,782

6,505

3,007

661

425

600

870

606

3,000

|8,684.60 10,772.46

Through Secretariat for Chinese Affairs,

2,124 2,360

By Local Committee,

2,732

1,227

Total,

4,856.063,587.30

Balance :-

At Colonial Treasury,

With Local Committee,

Total,

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

719 6,937

3,109

248

3,828.54 7,185.16

1

Number of deaths.

10

2

Table XIX.

Deaths of Chinese in Hongkong and Kowloon during 1922 showing number in which the cause of death was duly certified and number in which a post-mortem examination was held.

Number certified.

uncertified,

Number

4

5

Percentage of

3 to 2.

Victoria,

8,832

4,443

4,389

50·3

207

2.3

3,716

42.1

Harbour,

1,028

283

745

27.5

79

7.7

364

25:4

Kowloon,...

3,790

2,280

1,510

60-1

241

6.3

1,765

46.6

Shaukiwan,

398

65

333

16:3

64

16.1

77

19:3

Other Villages in Hongkong,

193

25

168

13.5

2

1.0

105

544

Total,

14,241

7,096

7,145

49.8

593

4.2

6,027

42.3

Number examined

after death and not

sent to mortuary.

Percentage of 6 to 2.

Number sent to

mortuary.

Percentage of

8 to 2.

C 40 -

9

Table XX.

Monthly Return of Bodies of Chinese considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year 1922.

Victoria.

Harbour. Kowloon.

Mouth.

West.

Central. East.

Total.

Total.

Grand

Total.

· C 41 -

January,

6

10

9

25

February,

11

10

24

45

30.00

24

49

25

35

80

March,.

10

10

24

44

12

40

55

99

April,

10

34

51

13

42

66

117

May,

26

13

12

51

10

6)

77

128

June,

11

11

30

16

53

72

102

July,

12

32

11

50

67

*99

August,

5

26

7

28

41

67

September,

9

22

15

24

46

October,

4

21

33

48

69

November,

2

10

19

9

28

41

60

December,

9

5

19

1

23

34

53

Grand Total,

110

115

160

385

105

408

67

£

584

969 †

Total for 1921,

71

83

83

237

68

314

24

406

643

**

* In 1921, of 643, 4 were taken to Chinese Public Dispensaries. † In 1922, of 969, none was taken to Chinese Public Dispensaries.

C 42

Table XXI.

Return of Bodies abandoned during the years 1920, 1921, and 1922.

(Figures supplied by the Police Department.)

1920.

Victoria, Kowloon,. Harbour, Elsewhere,

Male.

Female.

Unknown.

Over

15 years.

15 years and under.

Over

15 years.

15 years

and under.

Över

15 years.

15 years

and under.

Total.

1

140

115

263

142

126

271

:ཨ:

54

37

98

20

16

36

Total,

3

356

294

14

668

1921.

Victoria,

129

99

234

Kowloon,.

154

151

313

Harbour,

4

34

28

68

Elsewhere,

14

10

24

Total,

331

3

288

13

639

1922.

Victoria,

14

Kowloon,..

16

Harbour,

12

Elsewhere,

2623

206

1

158

203

183

46

5

42

42

24

60:2

385

408

105

Total,

45 497

6

407

14

969

71

Receipts.

Table XXII.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Chinese Permanent Cemetery for 1922.

Amount.

C.

Payments.

C.

A mount.

Interest from Hongkong and

وو

To Balance,

22,749.08

By Rent of telephone,

50 stone tablets from Tung Hing,

Shanghai Bank,

84.61

>>

24 Joss Paper pots from Hop Cheung,

Tai San Bank,...

600.00

""

""

>>

"

War Bonds,

480.00

">

Wages for Ma Shu-hoi & gardeners,

Sale of 95 lots,

5,145.00

Casual grass cutters,

>>

Stone Embankment,..

1,425.00

Motor car hire,

""

>>

Wages from Mr. S. W. Tso for refilling vaults,

Stationery & printed matters,

126.00

,,

25

Cheque book from Shanghai Bank,.

>>

""

Rates for getting water from river,

""

Crown Rent,

Balance,

""

156.43

40.00

84.00

Repairs to pipes, tables & embankment by Yeung Tam-kee,

5,032.32

1,042.00

87.60

21.35

3.69

Manure, etc.,

96.95

5,00

Stamps,

Rent of wharf,

7.00

8

· 1.00

1.00

1.00

24,030.35

Total,

$30,609.69

Total,..

$30,609,69

By deposits with Hongkong & Shanghai Bauk,

$5,888.63

""

Tai San Bank,

10,000.00

War Bonds,

8,000.00

Cash,

141.72

$24,030.35

To Balance,.

>>

Rent of Stalls,

Table XXIII.

Chinese Recreation Ground: Receipts and Expenditure, 1922.

Receipts.

39

5,607

3,274

*

Payments.

A

840

280

270

121

...

300

33

7,036

By Wages of Watchmen, ete,.

Water Account,

""

Consumption of Gas,

Repairs to stalls, chairs and benches, etc., Subscription to Western Maternity Hospital, Miscellaneous,

"

99

Balance,

Total,..

8,881.61

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

C 44

Total,

8,881.61

Table XXIV.

Statement of Accounts of Passage Money Fund.

Receipts.

*

C.

*

Payments.

To Balance on Fixed Deposit,

in Colonial Treasury,

.$4,250

3,097

My

""

""

7,347

>>

Passage Money received,.

253

""

Less Refund,

216

75

36

">

By Gifts to 2 women on being married,

Annual Charitable Allowances to two per-

sous,

Subscription to Alice Memorial Hospital,

Eyre Diocesan Refuge,

Hawker's Licences to destitute persons,

Gifts in aid of repatriation of emigrants,...

4

-+

69

50

170

14

44

Small Gifts to destitutes,

22

""

Interest on Fixed Deposit,

$ 170

Miscellaneous,

29

"}

"}

"}

A

,, on money deposited in Treasury,

Miscellaneous,

61

Balance on Fixed Deposit,

$4,250

>>

231

in Colonial Treasury,

2,973

7,223

11

>>

Total,

$

7,626.59

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

€ 45

Total,

7,626.59

Table XXV.

Prosecutions under Ordinances No. 3 of 1888, No. 30 of 1915, and No. 4 of 1897.

Offence.

Convicted.

Discharged.

No. of

Cases.

Male.

Female.

Male.

Female.

Remarks.

12

11

:

CO

:

:

1

:

::

:

17

2

Ordinauce No. 3 of 1888.

Bills,-Posting without permission,

Fireworks, Discharged without permission, ... Drums and Gongs,-Night noises by beating, Processions,-Organising in the public streets without permission,

Householders' Registration,-Failing to register, Ordinance No. 30 of 1915.

Decoying men or boys into or out of the Colony,... Emigration House offences,..

Personating emigrants,.

Sending assisted emigrants out of the Colony with- ont notifying the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.

Abduction of girls under 21,

Decoying women and girls into or away from the Colony,

Detaining, harbouring, or receiving women or girls,...{ Procuring women or girls to be common prostitutes,. Procuring girls under age to have carnal con- nection,

1

...

:

5

2

1

:

Deriving profits from prostitution and trading in

29

women,

:

19

4

21

:

2

ลง

C 46 -

C 47

Annexe A.

Report on the work of the Po Leung Kuk for the year 1922.

The Po Leung Kuk Soeiety was founded in 1878 to aid in the detection and suppression of kidnapping, especially of girls and women, and to shelter such girls or women as had been kidnapped in the interior and brought to Hongkong for sale or emigration. Its name means institution for the protection of good women." The initiative in its formation came from the Chinese themselves, and ever since, by subscription and personal service, they have continu- ed to support it.

66

There is a paid Chinese staff-matron, amahs and nurses, and two clerks who are secretaries to the managing Committee. This Committee meets every evening from Monday to Friday at 7 p.m. the principal meeting of the week is held at 12 noon on Sunday. It not only manages the Po Leung Kuk, but acts as an advisory Committee to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, in all cases affect- ing women and children, and Chinese family life generally, which are often extremely difficult and tedious. It corresponds when necessary with charitable institutions and private persons in various parts of China, traces parents of lost children or ill-treated muitsai, and shelters for the night any Chinese woman or girl who chooses to go. When parents or relations cannot be traced, the Committee arranges for the girls in its care to be given in marriage (never as concubines) or in adoption, always under bond and always with the consent of this office; and in every case this office ascer- tains the girl's willingness before giving consent to either adoption or marriage.

In addition to the annual Committee appointed by co-option, there is a Permanent Committee, with serves to maintain continui- ty of police, and of which the Secretary for Chinese Affairs is the ex-officio chairman.

The buildings and their inmates are visited every month by two unofficial Justices of the Peace, one English and one Chinese.

The following gentlemen were elected in March to serve as Managing Committee for the year-

Lei Shun-fan, Yu To-sang, Ho Wing-chun,

Wong Pak-san,

Pong Wai-ting,

Mok Man-chi,

Lei Kun-chun,

Lau Yik-cheuk,

Chu Yik-tung,

Wong Wut-chun,

Lei Ying-tso, Chan Chong-Yun.

The number of inmates of the Po Leung Kuk on January 1st 1922, was 59 and during the year 257 persons were admitted as against 308 in 1921. The circumstances of admission and the action taken in regard to them are set out in Table A.

C 48

26 women and girls were committed, under warrant and 163 were admitted without warrant. Of the remainder 23 were lost children, 13 were accompanied by parents or guardians, and 32 were runaway maid-servants or muitsai ".

On leaving the Kuk 125 women and girls were restored to hus- bands or other relatives, 26 were sent to charitable institutions in China, 11 were given in adoption, 5 married and 63 released. 7 sent to the Italian Convent and three died. The number of inmates reamining in the Kuk on December 31st was 59.

The income and expenditure during the year and the assets and liabilities of the institution are set out in Table B and C attached.

The accounts of the Managing Committee in the customary form have been audited by Messrs. Wong-Wut-chun and Yu To- sang. The balance to the credit of the Society at the end of the year was $6,766 as compared with $6,520 at the end of 1921.

The institution was visited monthly by Justice of Peace, Messrs. H. W. Bird and Chau Siu-ki who on no occasion found cause for adverse comment. The average monthly number of inmates was 46.

The matron reports favourably on the conduct, health and in- dustry of the inmates during the year. There were 65 cases of sickness of which 48 sent to the Tung Wa Hospital for treatment and of these three died.

:

In the earlier part of the year the system continued under which Chinese ladies took it in turn to pay monthly visits to the Institution. It was felt however that some continuity of criticism might achieve better results and with this object Mrs. Chow Shou son and Mrs. Ng Hon-tsz (the wives of the two Chinese Members of Legislative Council) consented to undertake the duty of regular monthly visits of inspection. The new system came into force in September.

7th June, 1923.

E. R. HALLIFAX, Secretary for Chinese Affairs, President.

January, 1922, In the Po Leung Kuk on 1st

...)

Admitted during the year,

Total,

Kuk on the 31st Decem-

Remaining in the Po Leung

ber, 1922,

9

Table A.

arrangements made regarding them. Number of Women and Girls admitted to the Po Leung Kuk during the year 1922 and the

N

1

8

42

Committed under Warrant from the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs.

Committed under Warrant from

the Emigration Office. Pending the opening of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs. Sent with their own consent by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs Sent with their own consent from Singapore. Manila. and Swatow. Seat with their own consent by the Police.

Lost Children.

Accompanying parents or guardians.

Runaway maid-servants.

Total.

33

17

76 20

75 24

14

:

Released after enquiry.

Released under bond.

Placed in charge of

husband,

Placed in charge of parents and relatives:

Sent to Charitable Institutions

in China.

Sent to School, Convent, or Refuge.

Adopted.

Married.

Died.

Cases under consideration.

Total.

...

6

26

12

67

18

66 23

13

32

257

54

12 110 16

3

52

257

#

40

7

3

17

7

1 | 10

59

310

2

7

Ň

299

63

12 | 113 | 26

11

a

3

59

299

7

42

C 49

Table B.

Po LEUNG KUK.

Statement of Receipts and Expenditure from 1st January to 31st December, 1922.

RECEIPTS.

At Current Account,

Subscriptions:-

C.

*

C.

6,520

6,520

Yue Lan Celebrations, West Point,.......

345

Guilds,

3,770

Mau Mo Temple, ....

1,203

Theatres,

1,312

.6,630

Interest :-(on Mortgage)

On Deposit,

1,417

On Current Account,

246

1,663

Total,..

14,816.65

EXPENDITURE.

By the Elected Committee :- (see Table C),

Balance :-

At Current Account,

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

$

*

$

8,050

C.

6,766

6,766

*

Total,.

.$ 14,816.65

50 -

Table C.

A.

Statement showing particulars of Expenditure by the Elected Committee from 1st January to 31st December, 1922.

EXPENDITURE.

*

*Se

$

C 51 -

12

Decorations,

8,050

Food,...

60

2,654

16

Light and Fire,

968

296

26

Miscellaneous,

Passage Money,

75

Petty Expenditure,

246

Printing,

111

Repairs,....

206

Stationery,

77

Telephone,

78

153

Insurance,

Wages,

3,114

8,038

63

Balance,

Total,.

..$

8,105.40

Total,

8,105.40

RECEIPTS.

Balance from previous year,

Received from Permanent Board,

Miscellaneous Receipts,...

Premium on bank notes,

* Cents omitted except in the totals,

Appendix D.

REPORT OF THE HARBOUR MASTER FOR THE YEAR 1922.

1. Shipping.

2.-Trade.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

3.-Revenue and Expenditure.

4. Steam-launches.

REPORT.

9.

5.-Emigration and Immigration. 6. Registry of Shipping. 7.-Marine Magistrate's Court. 8. Marine Court.

Examination of Masters,

Mates, and Engineers. 10.-Examination of Pilots. 11. Sunday Cargo Working. 12.-New Territories.

13. Lighthouses and Signal

Stations.

14.-Government

Harbour

Moorings.

TABLES.

I.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels entered. II.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels cleared.

III.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels entered at each

Port.

IV.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels cleared at each

Port.

V.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each. Nation

entered.

VI.--Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each Nation

cleared.

VII-Junks entered from China and Macao.

VIII. -Junks cleared for China and Macao.

IX.-Summary of Arrivals and Departures of all Vessels.

X.-Licensed Steam-launches entered. XI.-Licensed Steam-launches cleared. XII.-Number of Boat Licences issued,

XIII. -Statement of Revenue.

XIV. Chinese Passenger Ships cleared by the Emigration Officer

(Summary.)

XV.-Return of Immigration.

XVI. Return of Male and Female Emigrants.

XVII.-Vessels bringing Chinese Passengers to Hongkong from

places out of China (Summary.)

XVIII. Return of Immigration.

XIX. Return of Male and Female Emigrants returned.

XX.-Vessels Registered.

XXI.-Vessels struck off the Register.

XXII. Comparison in Number and Tonnage of Vessels in Foreign

Trade entered and cleared since 1910.

XXIII.-Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department. XXIV.-Diagram of Tonnage of Vessels entered.

D 2

ANNEXES.

A.-Report on the Mercantile Marine Office.

B. Report on the Marine Surveyor's Office.

C.-Report on the Gunpowder Depôt.

D.-Government Coaling Depôt Yaumati.

Slipway.

Yaumati Junk office.

1.-Shipping.

1. The total Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1922 amounted to 708,244 vessels of 46,566,764 tons, which, compared with the figures of 1921 shows an increase of 35,564 vessels, with an increase of 3,145,994 tons.

Of the above 50,427 vessels of 29,543,564 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade as compared with 52,222 vessels of 27,852,616 tons in 1921.

2. Of vessels of European construction 5,318 Ocean Steamers 3,552 River Steamers and 3,243 Steamships not exceeding 60 tons, entered during the year, giving a daily average of 33-2 ships as compared with 338 ships in 1921 and 29′4 ships in 1920.

3. The average tonnage of Individual Ocean Vessels entering the Port has increased from 1,919-8 to 2,068 6 tons, that of British Ships has increased from 1,997-5 to 2,1310 tons while that of the Foreign Ships has increased from 1,857 9 to 1,957 7 tons.

The average tonnage of Individual River Steamers entering during the year has increased from 460'5 to 5988 tons.

That of British River Steamers has increased from 5705 to 822 8 tons, and that of Foreign River Steamers has increased from 316.7 to 3189 tons.

D 3

4. A comparison between the years 1921 and 1922 is given in the following table :-

1921.

1922.

Increase.

Decrease.

Class of Vessels.

No.

Tonnage. No.

Tonnage.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

British Ocean- Į

going,

ForeignOcean-

going.

Steamers, Foreign River Steamers,

4,630 9,247,198

5,827 10,817,413 6.095 | 12,282,271

4,547 9.688,891

441,693

83

266 1,463,698

British River |

5,743 3,519,294 4,866 3,731,227

1,810 580,088 2,244 732,715

211,933 |

876

434 152,627

:

:

Steamships un-

der 60 tons

(Foreign

6.687

195,727 6,520

200,363

4.636

167

Trade),

Junks, Foreign

Trade,

27,525

3,491,736 | 26,155 2,908,097

1,370 583,639

Total, Foreign |

Trade,

Steam Laun-

ches plying

in Waters of the Colony,

Janks, Local

Trade,

52,222 27,852,616 50,427 29,543,564 700 2,274.587|2,496 583,639

597,386 14.174,320 639,554 15,903,758 42,168 1,729,438

*23,072 *1,394,034 |†18,263|†1,119,442

4,809 274 592

Grand Total,... 672,680 13,420,970 708,244 46,566,764 42,868 4,004.025 7,305 $58,231

Net Increase,..

35.363 3,145.794|

* Including 11,922 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 895.788 tons.

11,134

*

:

of 795,926

"

In Steamships not exceeding 60 tons employed in Foreign trade, there is a decrease of 167 ships with an increase in tonnage of 4,636 tons or 12.9 per cent. in numbers and 0.6 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to larger launches being employed in Foreign trading and a number of small launches being laid up owing to the unsettled state of Canton where many small launches were com- mandeered by the armies.

Junks in Foreign trade show a decrease of 1,370 vessels, and a decrease of 583,639 tons or 519 per cent. in numbers and 9.9 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to the number of Junks held up during the Seamen's Strike.

In Local trade (i.e. between places within the waters of the Colony) there is an increase in Steam-Launches of 42,168 or an increase of 1,729,438 tons or 7.1 per cent. in numbers and 12-2 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to a greater number of launches employed, towing and transporting workmen and material for reclamation work.

D 4

Junks in Local Trade show a decrease of 4,809 vessels and a decrease of 274,592 tons or 12.6 per cent. in numbers and 2.5 per cent. in tonnage. This decrease is due to the number of Junks laid up during the Seamen's Strike.

5. This table shows a decrease in British Ocean-going shipping of 83 ships or 90 per cent. and an increase of 441,694 tons or 32.8 per cent.

This decrease in numbers is due to the sale of the s.s. "Hailoong" to owners outside the Colony, the transferring of the s.s.

Burrumbeet" and "Majoristan” to the Chinese flag and to vessels being laid up during the Seamen's Strike. The increase in tonnage is due to larger vessels frequenting the Port.

66

British River Steamers have decreased by 876 ships with an increase in tonnage of 211,933 tons or 97 per cent. in numbers and 12.6 per cent. in tonnage. This decrease in numbers is due to these vessels being laid up during the Seamen's Strike. The River Steamers "Tin Sing" and "Wah Kiu which were laid up, have now been put on the West River trade again. The increase in tonnage is due to the above vessels being put on the run and the tweendeck measurement in all River steamers being now included in the tonnage.

Foreign Ocean-going vessels have increased by 266 ships, with an increase of 1,463,698 tons or 12.1 per cent. in numbers and 416 per cent. in tonnage. This increase is due to more and larger ships, German shipping now frequenting the Port and newly built ships, and the transfer of the s.s." Burrumbeet" and "Majoristan” to Foreign Owners.

Foreign River Steamers show an increase of 434 ships with an increase in tonnage of 152,627 tons or 44 per cent. in numbers and 25 per cent. in tonnage. This increase is due to the steam lighters Hui Hoi", Taion" and "Wo Fu" being transferred and Registered as River Steamers, the tweendeck measurement in all River Steamers being now included in the tonnage.

6. The actual number of individual Ocean-going vessels of European construction during the Year 1922 was 1,092 of which 410 were British and 682 Foreign. In 1921 the corresponding figures were 988 of which 343 were British and 645 Foreign.

These 1,092 Ships measured 3,202,516 tons. They entered 5,318 times aud gave a collective tonnage of 11,000,748 tons.

Thus 104 more ships entered 86 more times and gave a collect- ive tonnage greater by 956,326 tons, an average of 11,1200 tons per entry.

D 5

Thus :-

Steamers.

No. of times entered.

Total Tonnage.

Flag.

1921. 1922. | 1921. | 1922.

1921. 1922.

British,

Japanese,

343 410 2,319 2,273 351 334 1,298 1,246

4,632,195 4,843,837

2,870,394 2,881,813

U.S.A.,

80

94 241

258

863,673 1,109,460

Chinese,

74

80

864

836

586,122 591,048

German,

12

26

99,810

Danish {

Steamers

10

18

14

37

56,172

108,671

Sailing

1

1

580

Dutch.

41

46

176

203

484,152

618,455

French,

33

149

190

282,834 386.440

Greek

1

1

1

1,882

Italian....

21

22

78,372

79.879

Inter Allied,

4

19,738

Norwegian,

19

38

102

176

102,349

197,436

Portuguese,

5

4

7

4

8.664

2,103

Russian,

1

2

Sarawak,

Siamese,

6

22

Swedish,

0327

4,479

1,544

2,676

34

24,096

38,403

12

26,044 41,849

Total,

9881,092 5,232 5,318

10,044,422 11,000,704

7. The Nationality of the Crews in British and in Foreign Ships was as follows :-

VESSELS.

BRITISH CREW.

AMERICANS

AND OTHER EUROPEANS.

ASIATICS.

1921.1922. 1921. 1922.

1921. 1922. 1921. 1922.

British, . 343 410 28,262 28,161

600 1,235 176,476 180,330

Foreigu,. 645 682 1,722 1,796 22,927 27,586 171,168 151,338

Total, 988 1,092 29,984 29,957 23,527 28,821 347,644331,668

Hence in British ships

D 6

And in Foreign ships

:-

1921.

13-76 %

1922. 13.43% of the crews

1921.

1922.

0.88 %

100% of the crews

0·29 %

were British. 0.59% of the crews were other Europeans.

.

11.71 %

were British. 15.42% of the crews

were other Europeans.

85.95 %

85 98% of the crews were Asiatics.

87.41 % 83-58 % of the crews

were Asiatics.

100.00

100·00

100.00

100·00

2.-TRADE.

8. Detailed and accurate statistics of Imports and Exports are collected and published by the Imports and Exports Department.

9. The number and tonnage of ships of European type of construction carrying cargo for import and transit, compared with 1921, were as follows:-

1921.

1922.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Tonnage.

No.

Tonnage.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

Steamers,

5,231 10,043,842

River Steamers, 3,778 Sailing Vessels,

1

5,318 2,050,791 | 3,552

580

11,000,704

87 956,862

2.229.597

178,806 226

14

536

Total,

9,010 12,095,213 8,871 13,230,345

87 1,135,668 226

536

Nett Increase..

1,135,132 139

10 The corresponding figures relating to ships of European type of construction, shipping bunker coal, are as follows:-

EXPORTS.

!

1921.

1922.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

No. Tonnage.

No. Tonnage.

1

580

5,226 10,020,769 5,322 10,970,458 3,775 2,048,591 3,558 2,234,345 I

96 949,689

185,754 216

44

536

Total,

9,002 12,069,941 8,881 13,204,846

96 1,135,443 216

536

·

Nett Increase,...

1,134,907

120

Steamers,

River Steamers, Sailing Vessels,

D 7

1921.

1922.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Bunker

Coal.

No.

Bunker

Coal.

No.

Bunker

Coal.

Bunker

No.

Coal.

Steamers, River Steamers,

5,226

508,793 5,322

439,734 96

69,059

3,775

69,906 | 3,558

59,159 217

10,747

Total,.

9,001

578,699 8,880 498,893

313

79,806

Nett Increase,..... 813

:

:

79,806

D 8

11. The River Trade, compared with 1921 is shown in the following Table:--

1921

1922..

Year.

Imports.

Exports.

Passengers.

412,274

353,683 1,790,062

353,134

452,424 1,436,434

12. The following Table shows the Junk Trade of the Colony for the year 1921 and 1922 :-

IMPORTS.

1921.

1922.

Junks.

Tons.

Junks.

Tons.

Foreign Trade,......13,742

1,755,153

12,927

1,578,924

Local Trade,..... 5,495

244.730

3,516

162,521

Total, ..19,237

1,999,883

16,443

1,741,445

Cattle, 945 head,

Swine, 9,309 head,

Earth and Stones, General,

Total

Tons.

111

541

27,127

..760,515

.7,888,294

EXPORTS.

1921.

1922.

Junks.

Tons.

Junks.

Tons.

Foreign Trade,...... 13,783

1,736,583

13,228

1,616,084

Local Trade,..

5,655

253,516

3,613

160,990

Total, .19,438

1,990,099

16,841

1,777,074

Exported 1,138,280 tons as under :---

Kerosine, 1,658,035 cases,

Rice and Paddy..

Coal,

General,

Tous.

55,417

.439,109

.231,702

.411,752

Total,..

.1,138,280

13. Summary of the Shipping of the Port for the year 1922 :-

Registered.

Passengers.

No. of

Ships.

Emigrants.

Tonnage.

Bunker Coal.

Arrived.

Departed.

British Ocean-going,

4,547

9,688,891

255,718

176,526

121,422

52,638

Foreign Ocean-going,

6,095

12,282,271

184,016

157,306

111,727

45,755

British River Steamers,

4,866

3,731,227

40,661

645.744

636,694

D

Foreign River Steamers,

2,244

732,715

18,498

76,709

77,287

...

Total,.

17,752

26,435,194

498,893

1,056,285

947,130

98,393

Steam-launches, Foreign Trade..............

6,520

200,363

20,292

12,039

12,117

Junks, Foreign 1 rade,.

26,155

2,908,097

131,361

141,042

Total, Foreign Trade,

50,427

29,543,654

519,185

1,199 685

1,100,289

98,393

· Steam-launches, Local Trade,

639,554

15,903,758

54,098

6,572,681

6,577,029

Junks, Local Trade,

18,263

1,119,442

1,251

1,216

Total, Local Trade,

657,817

17,023,200

54,098

6,573,932

6,578,245

Grand Total,.

708,244

46,566,854

573,283 7,773,617

7,678,534

98,393

D9-

D 10

3.-Revenue and Expenditure.

14. The gross Revenue collected by the Harbour Department during the year was $857,576.04 as against $800,798.13 collected in the previous year showing an increase of $56,777.91 or 6.62%.

1921.

$106,417.09

1922.

171.124.80

Increase. Decrease.

$115,979.56 $ 9,562.47 125,185.71 9,475.27 180,856.29.

9,731.49

407,066.80

435,554.48

28,487.68

479.00

$ £79.00

Light Dues, Light Dues, Special Assessments, 115,710.44 Licences and Internal Revenue,. Fees of Court and Office,

Miscellaneous Receipts,

$800,798.13 $857,576.04 $ 57,256.91 $ 479.00

The principal increases are under Light Dues $9,562.47, Light Dues Special Assessments $9,475.27, Boat Licences $4,112.50, Junk Licences $4,237.50, Engagement and Discharge of seamen 6,919.40, (due to more changes of crews on account of Seamen's Strike), Fees for use of Government Buoys $16,628.22, (due to prolonged stay of ships in Harbour during the Seamen's Strike), Registry fees $1,510, Survey of Steamships $3,223 and Sunday Cargo Working Fees $29,550.00.

The principal decreases are under Medical Examination of Emig- rants $27,131 which is due to the disturbed condition in China and the Seamen's Strike, and Gunpowder Storage Fees of $2,378.19.

The Expenditure of the Harbour Department for 1922 was $280,625.57 as against $246,295.53 in 1921, showing an increase of $34,330.04. This increase is principally due to revised scale of salaries to certain European Staff of this Department and the Launches crews, and stipulated increments.

Under special expenditure a sum of $18,755 was expended for providing a new launch for the Department in place of the "H. D. 2”, a sum of $5,822.13 was expended in converting Green Island Light into Aga System, and a sum of $4,613.66 was expended in converting Gap Rock and Waglan Lights into Hood Burner System.

A sum of $901 was expended in providing new moorings for Steam Tender " Stanley ".

17.

The Amount of Light Dues collected during the year 1922 was as follows:

Special Assessment.

No. of

Class of Vessels.

Trips.

Tonnage.

Rate

per ton.

Fees

Collected.

Total Fees

Rate

per ton.

Fees

Collected.

Collected.

C.

Ocean Vessels,

6,009

11,099,458

1 cent.

110,994.58

1 cent.

.110,994.58

221,989.16 0.

Steam-launches,

2,679

92,899 1

928.99 1

928.99

1,857.98

River Steamers, (Night Boats),

1,784

1,216,775

""

4,055.99

6,083.91

10,139.90

Do.,

..(Day Boats),

1,050

861,383

Nil.

7,178.23

7,178.23

>>

Total,..

11,522

23,270,515

$115,979.56

$125,185.71

$211,165.27

D 12

4.

Steam-launches.

18. On the 31st December, 1922, there were 421 steam-launches (including licensed motor boats) employed in the harbour. Of these, 375 were licensed for the conveyance of passengers, etc. 30 were the property of the Colonial Government, and 22 belonged to the Imperial Government, comprising 4 Military and 18 Naval. In addition to the above there were 25 motor boats privately owned for pleasure and private purposes.

Seven coxswains' certificates were suspended for incompetence or negligence in the performance of their duties; six for three months each and one for two months; the holders of five were required to pass a further examination after the expiration of the period of their suspension, before their certificates were returned.

Five hundred and sixty-one (561) engagements and five hundred and sixty-six (566) discharges of Masters and Engineers were made during the year.

Seven (7) steam-launches were permitted to carry arms for their protection against pirates.

5.-Emigration and Immigration.

19. Ninety-eight thousand three hundred and ninety-three (98,393) emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1922, (156,011 in 1921). Of these, 52,638 were carried in British ships, and 45,755 in Foreign ships.

One hundred and forty-three thousand five hundred and forty-seven (143,547) returning emigrants were reported to have been brought to Hongkong from the several places to which they had emigrated either from this Colony or from Coast Ports, as against 159.064 in 1921. Of these, 85,057 arrived in British ships and 58,490 in Foreign ships.

6-Registry, etc., of Shipping.

20. During the year, 33 ships were registered under the provi- sions of the Merchant Shipping Acts, and 14 Certificates of Registry cancelled. 376 documents, etc., were dealt with in connection with the Act, the fees on which amounted to $3,412.00 as compared with $1,902.00 in 1921.

7. Marine Magistrate's Court.

21. Three hundred and six (306) cases were heard in the Marine Magistrate's Court (364 in 1921). Boarding ships without permission, Failing to observe the Rule of the Road, Making fast to steamers while under way, Neglecting to exhibit the Regulation lights, Being in Causeway Bay Harbour of Refuge without permit, Being within 100 yards from low water mark during prohibited hours without permit and Carrying passengers in excess were the principal offences.

D 13

8. Marine Court.

22. During the year 1922 there was no court held.

9.-Examination of Masters, Mates, and Engineers. (Under Board of Trade Regulations.)

23. The following Tables show the number of Candidates examined under Ordinance No. 10 of 1899 for Certificates of Compe- tency, distinguishing those who passed from those who failed:-

Grade.

Passed. Failed.

Master,

18

4

Master, River Steamers,

1

1

First Mate,

25

12

Only Mate,

1

Second Mate,

12

Mate, River Steamers,...

Total,...

56

24

First Class Engineer, ...

14

10

Second Class Engineer,

31

26

Total,...

45

36

For Steamships not exceeding 60 tons, under Section 37 of Ordinance 10 of 1899:-

For Master,

For Engineer,

Candidates.

Passed.

Failed.

104

49

99

13

Total,...

203

62

---

D 14

10.—Examination of Pilots.

(Under Ordinance No. 3 of 1904.)

24. There were five (5) candidates examined during the year. of which three (3) Passed and two (2) Failed. Twenty two (22) Licences were renewed during the year 1922.

11. Sunday Cargo-Working.

25. Under Ordinance No. 1 of 1891, 850 permits were used during the year as compared with 679 in 1921.

The Revenue collected under this head amounted to $146,250 as against $116,700 in 1921 showing an increase of $29,550.

12.-New Territories.

(Twenty-third year of British Administration.)

26. The Out-stations attached to the Harbour Department con- tinued to perform the work allotted to them and during the year Licences, etc., were issued by them as follows:

1921.

1922.

Cheung Chau, opened 1899.

3,542

2,014

Tai 0,

1899

1,910

1,319

""

Tai Po,

1900...

1,891

1,728

Sai Kung,

1902...

927

760

""

Long Ket,

1905...

1,194

919

Deep Bay, Lantao,

1911.

956

680

""

1912...

1,310

1,054

11,730

8,474

13.-Lighthouses and Signal Stations.

GAP ROCK LIGHTHOUSE.

27. During 1922 nine hundred and ninety (990) vessels were reported by telegraph as passing this station and nineteen (19) were not reported owing to cable telegraphic communication being inter- rupted.

Two hundred and forty-five (245) vessels were communicated with by Flash lamp during the year.

Three thousand four hundred and sixty-seven (3,467) messages including meteorological observations for the Observatory were sent, and five hundred and twelve (512) messages were received.

D 15

On July 18th a Marconi . K. W. W/T apparatus was installed and regular communication was maintained with Cape D'Aguilar during cable breakdowns which occurred for a total period of 34 days 15 hours during which time three hundred and fifty (350)

messages were sent and fifty-one (51) received.

On August 8th the Matthews' Kitson burner was superseded by the

Hood' petroleum vapour burner; the latter is an improve- ment on the former both in simplicity and the greater intensity of the light produced.

There were one hundred and twenty-eight hours and forty minutes (128 hours 40 minutes) of fog and the fog signal was fired eight hundred and five (805) times.

The fortnightly reliefs were delayed eight (8) times during the year owing to bad weather.

WAGLAN LIGHTHOUSE.

During 1922, two thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight (2,858) vessels were reported by telegraph as passing this station, and one hundred and thirty-eight (138) were not reported owing to tele- graphic communication being interrupted. Of the total number passing seven hundred and eleven (711) vessels of various nationa- lities were signalled at night by morse lamps.

Two thousand seven hundred and ninety-six (2,796) messages including meteorological observations for the Royal Observatory were sent and five hundred and twenty-nine (529) messages were received.

Telegraphic communication was interrupted on seventeen (17) days during the year.

There were three hundred and ten (310) hours of fog and the fog signal was fired three thousand ond hundred and eighty (3,180) times.

On four (4) occasions the fortnightly relief was delayed owing to bad weather.

On August 12th as in the case of Gap Rock the 'Hood petroleum vapour burner was installed in place of the Matthews Kitson burner and has proved satisfactory.

On September 4th the erection of the Diaphone Fog Signal plant was completed and since that date many tests have been made, but the signal is still in the experimental stage.

GREEN ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE AND SIGNAL STATION.

During the year, one thousand and eighty-eight (1,088) vessels were signalled and reported, in addition to which three hundred and forty-two (342) messages were sent and forty-one (41) received.

D 16

Owing to telephonic communication being interrupted thirty- nine (39) vessels were not reported.

On July 15th the light was converted to the Automatic Aga system and the character of the light altered from occulting to flash nam ely 2 seconds light and 6 seconds eclipse.

KAP SING Lighthouse.

This station has been regularly inspected and has worked satisfactorily throughout the year.

UNWATCHED LIGHTS AND LIGHT BOYS.

The number of Aga lights (including Green Island) is now 15 and all have been burning continuously, accurately and satisfac-

torily during the year.

SIGNAL STATIONS.

The Peak Signal Station reported four thousand five hundred and fifty-one (4,551) ships during the year and the Gun signal denoting the arrival of Mail steamers was fired one hundred and fifty-three (153) times.

Signal Hill Station reported four thousand six hundred and twenty-three (4,623) ships as entering and two thousand seven hundred and sixty-four (2,764) as leaving the harbour.

One hundred and twenty-two (122) Typhoon signals and six (6) gale signals were hoisted during the year.

14.-Government Harbour Moorings.

There are at present laid down in the Harbour for the use of vessels frequenting the Port fifty-six (56) complete sets of Govern- ment Harbour Moorings and are classed as follows:-

1921.

1922.

A. Class Moorings for vessels of 450 feet to

600 feet in length

13

13

B. Class Moorings for vessels of 300 feet to

450 feet in length

19

19

C. Class Moorings for vessels of 300 feet in

length

24

24

...

Total...

56

56

:

D 17

The total expenditure on the upkeep on Government Harbour Moorings and Buoys for the year was $23,802.24

Table showing the Gross revenue from Government Harbour Buoys for the past seven years as follows:-

The Gross Revenue for the year 1916 was $51,916.00

"

27

"

}}

"2

55

"1

"

1917

>"

61,156.00

1918

>>

59,594.00

1919

+3

69,440.00

1920

75,448.00

1921

89,176.80

1922

>>

105,805.02

$512,535.82

Gross Revenue for seven years

STRIKE OF CHINESE SEAMEN, 1922.

On January 13th a dispute over Seamen's wages arose between the Chinese Seamen's Guild and the Ship owners of the Colony. The Chinese Seamen of British and Foreign Ocean and River Steamers went on strike and left their ships.

All Government Harbour Moorings Buoys were occupied during the strike and in addition large areas (a) South of Stone- cutters (b) Wanchai Bay and (c) Kowloon Bay, were used for berth- ing vessels.

On February 8th there were 168 ocean going vessels in the Harbour of a total registered tonnage of 277,154 tons.

Throughout this period (13th of January until 6th March) the weather was fine and no accident occurred to vessels berthed at Mooring Buoys, at anchor, or at wharves during the continuation of the strike although the vessels were without crews.

HARBOUR DEPARTMENT,

March, 1923.

C. W. BECKWITH, Commander R.N.,

Harbour Master, &c.

D

Table I.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, AND CREWS, OF VESSELS ENTERED AT PORTS I

COUNTRIES WHENCE ARRIVED.

BRITISH.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGO E.

J

Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews. Vessels, Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons.

Australia,

British North Borneo,..

30

65,390 2,870

:

30

65,390 2.870

12

45,768

18

33,999

1,723

18

Canada,

44

319,673

13,490

Coast of China, Ships,

2,789 2,961,022 | 163,999

91

8,881 7,672

33,999 1.723

44 319,673 13.490

2,880 2.969,903171,671

2

1,368

1,724 1,309,382

31

Steamships under 60 tons....

:

*

Junks,

""

483

8,975 1,344,234 |13

16,624

Cochin China

Dutch East Indies,

Europe, Mediterranean Ports.........................

222222

83

114,902 5,170

20

50,176 1,700

83

114,902 5,170

$6

119,087

20

50,176 1,700

107

329,289

36

169,677

Atlantic Ports..

>>

,,

Baltic Ports,

Formosa,

23

194,050

2,359

23

194,050 2,359

50

216,649

5

22,169

:)

Great Britain..

India,

Japan,

Kwong-chau-wan,

Macao, Ships,

Steamships under 60 tons,

Junks,

Mauritius,

North and South Pacific Islands,

Philippine Islands,

1

5,744

84

102

490,097 11,277

76

298,732 10,201

1

:

:

102

5,744

490,097

81

168

209,687

11,277

36

188,223

76

298,732 10,201

110

313,899

209 $39,978 21,996

697 399,715 28,064

209

$39,978 21,996

273

1,011,215

217

91,297

697

399.715 28,064

7

5,524

:

:

35

1,072

:

364

49,395

ات

8,917

390

$,917

390

2

2,408

:

81 181,788 5,914

Ports in Hainan and Gulf of Tonkin,

138

149.871 9.999

Russia in Asia,

Siam,

103

133,016 8,063

816

31

181,788

5.914

49

68

139 150,687 10,067

302,765

362 164,368

:

:

South American Ports,

Straits Settlements,

:

76 139,840 6,566

63 88,278 5,361

226,028 3,630

52

:

:

103

133,016

8,063

108 118,717

20

:

76

63

52

139,840 6,566

88,278 5.361

226,028 3,630

36

83,026

72,855

197 1,063,002

TOTAL,

4,610 | 6,701,216 | 302,856

92

9,697 7,740

Tsingtau,

United States of America,

4,702 | 6,710,913 |310,596 13,494 | 7,251,709 |37

!

- D:19

VESSELS ENTERED AT PORTS IN THE COLONY OF HONGKONG FROM EACH COUNTRY IN THE YEAR 1922.

FOREIGN.

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGO ES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

:S.

Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons.

Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels.

Tons.

65,390 2,870

33,999 1,723

12 45,768 1,502

1,368 130

3

7,564

118

15

1

824

34

3

53.332

2,192

1,620

164

42 111,158 4,372

20 35,367 1,853

7,564

824

319,673 13,490

2.969,903 | 171,671

483

8,975

114,902

5,170

86

1,724 1,309,382 $92,150

16,624 8,014

1,344,234 | 134,229

119,087 #9,330

44

*

50,176 1,700

107

329,289 10,544

25

68 81,866 3,918

2,728 82,068 29,155

3,398 188,899 67,285

60,180 2,466

52,101 1,260

1,792 1,391,248 96,068

3,211 98,692 37,169

12,373 1,533,133 201,514

130 179,267 11,796

132 381,390 11,804

44 319,673 13,490

4,513 | 4,270,404 | 256,149

483

16,624 8,014

8,975 1,344,234 | 134,229

169

159

90,717

2,728

82,068

3,398

188,899

233.989 14,500

14

60,180

127

379,465 12,24

25

52,101

36

169,677 6,717

、 36

169,677

6,717

36

169,677 6,717

194,050

2,359

50

216,649

3,207

50

216,649

3,207

73

410,699 5,566

10

5,744

£90,097 11,277

298,732 10,201

$39,978 21,996 -273

247

84

168

22,169 214

209,687 9,949

:

:

117 30,540

4,407

285

36 188,223 5,395

110 313,899 7,153

1,011,215 20,955

91,297 10,138

:

36

3,020

43

111

13

24,080 717

286

1,035.295 21,672

22,169

214

22,169

240,227 14,356 169 215,431 10,033

188,223 5,395 138 678,320 16,672

316.919 7,196 186 612,631 17,35±

482 1.851,193 12,951

5

214

:

:.

:.

117

30,540

$1

3,020

24,080

635

106

249

91,932 10,244

247 91,297 10,138

635

399,715

28,064

7

5,524

346

142

26,009 2,166

149

31,533 2,512

704

405,239 28,410

112

26,009

35

1,072

321

31

817

283

.66

1,919

604

35

1,072

321

847

364

49,395

5,225

65

.10,578

715

429

59,973

5,940

364

$,917

390

2

2,408 *.123

2,408 123

7

49,395

11,325

5,225

10,578

513

:

181,788

5,914

49

150,687 10,067

362

302,765 6.706

164,368 10,375

6

12,139

261

55

177 275,806

6,733

539

314.904 6,967

440,174 17,108

130

500

481,553 12,620

314,239 20,374

#6

12,139

178

276,622

133,016

8,063

108

118,717

20 $3,026 2,023

6,879

24

25,763

1,282

139,840

6,566

36

72,855 1,887

16

28,618

813

52

88,278 5,361

1

226,028 3,630

197 1,063,002

20,656

1,143

34,733

28

1

389

132 144,480 8,261

20 83,026 2,023

101,473 2,700

1,13

28

205 1,097,735 21,045

211

112

63

249

251,733 14,942

20 $3,026 2,023

212,695 8,153

88,278 5,361

1,289,030 24,286

24

25,763

16

28,618

1

1,143

31,733

6,710,913 310,596 13,494 | 7,251,700 374,168

6,870

947,413122,279 20,361 8,199,113 196,147

18,104 13,952,916 | 677,024

6,962

957,110 | 13

ONGKONG FROM EACH COUNTRY IN THE YEAR 1922.

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

rews.

Vessels. Tons.

Crews.

Vessels. Tons.

Crews. Vessels.

Tons.

Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

118

15

53,332

1,620

42

111,158

4,372

3

7,564

118

45

118,722 4,490

34

3

2,192

164

20

35,367 1,853

824

34

21

36,191 1,887

44

319,673 13,490

44

319,673 13,490

:

1,918

,155

.285

1,792 1,391,248 96,068

3,211 98,692 37,169

12,373 1,533,133 201,514

.466

130 179,267 11,796

169

,260

132

381,390 11.804

127

4,513 4,270,404 | 256,149

483

16,624 8,011

8,975 1,344,234 | 134,229

233.989 14,500

379,465 12,241

139

2,728

3,398

90,747 11,590 4,672 | 4,361,151 | 267,739

82,068 29,155 3,211 98,692 37,169

188,899 67,285 12,373 1,533,133 | 201,514

60,180 2,466

213

204,169 16,966

25

52,101 1,260

152

431,566 13,501

36

169,677

6,717

36

169,677 6,717

36

169,677 6,717

50

216,649

3,207

73

410,699 5,566

73

410,699 5,566

5

22,169

214

5

22,169 214

22,169 214

107

285

240,227 14,356

169

215,431 10,033

30,540

4,407

286

245,971 14,440

36

188,223 5.395

138

678,320 16,672

138

678,320 16,672

43

111

316.919 7,196

186

612,631 17,354

3,020

13

187 615,651 17,397

717

286

1,035.295 21,672

482

1,851,193 42,951

13

24,080

717

495 1,875,273 43,668

106

249

91,932 10,244

247

91,297 10,138

635

106

249 91,932 10,211

166

149 31,533 2,512

704

405,239 28,410

26,009

2,166

816

431,248 30,576

2$3

66

1,919

604

35

15

429

59,978 5,940

361

+2

2,408

123

7

1,072

49,395 5,225

11,325 513

321

847

283

66

1,919

604

10,578

715

429

59,973

5,940

÷

11,325

513

***

61

55

33

314.904 6,967

BB

539 440,174 17,108

500

130 481,553 12,620

314,239 20,374

12,139

261

136

496,692 12,881

178

276,622 6,801

678

590,861 27,175

.:.

:

:

..

...

32

132 144,480

8,261

211

251,733 14,942

24

25,763

1,38 2

235

277,496 16,324

13

20

1222223

20

83,026

2,023

20

83,026 2,023

20

83,026 2,023

52

101,473 2,700

112

212,695 8,453

16

28,618

813

128

241,313 9,266

28

1

19

1,143

205 1,097,735 21,045

28

63 88,278 5,361

249 1,289,030 24,286

..}

1,143

31,733

28

64

89,421 5,389

389

257 1,323,763 24,675

9

20,361 8,199,113 496,447

18,104 13,952,916 | 677,024 6,962

957,110 130,019 25,066 14,910,026 | 807,043

COUNTRIES TO WHICH DEPARTED.

Australia,

British North Borneo,...

Canada,

WITH CARGOES.

SHIPPED.

TABLE II-NUMBER

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Bunker Coal.

Vessels.

Bunker Cargoes. Coal.

28

29

63,481 2,733

16

31,579 1,676

39

304,852

13,319

2,745 2,910,694162,937

:

:

Coast of China, Ships,

99

""

Steamships under 60 tons,...

Junks,

Cochin China,..........

Dutch East Indies,

Europe,-Mediterranean Ports,

Atlantic Ports,

"

Baltic Ports,

Formosa,

Great Britain,.... .

India,

Japan,

:

:

1,592

1,185

7

2,080

1

15 41,698

2,823

20,372 352 2,530

666 2,210

36

31

51

40

105,386

55

76,024 3,499 12,715 2,800

77 99,667 5,092

17

48,062 1,680

:

:

:

:

18,685

27

31,964

1,770

6,110

101

10,305

18

45,729

1,007

2 930

35

:

1

3,230

108

1,800

26

:

.1

1,773

19

2

:

2,310

2

9.480

372

800

97

15

4,635

I

1,987

104

300

69

9,255

201

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

26 131,806

2,138

:

Kwong-chau-wan,

Macao, Ships,

Steamships under 60 tons,

$1

- "

Junks, .

1

5,744

84

95 447,249 11,186

68 215,13) 10,088

201

795,020 21,696

Mauritius,

North and South Pacific Islands,

Philippine Islands,

671

380,972

... 27,764

9,005

:

:

:

:..

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

671

TO

:

13,718

2

5,918

82

550

75

13,827

45

1

29,773

18

60,577 2,891

3,230

26.758

6,750

175

95

350

1

1,457 5,595

714

Or

5

8,917

390

2,390

:

73

148,592 5,414

130 123,620 9,187

96 121,987 7,863

:

889

68

125,826 6,586

7,409

69,2242,832" 8,9:1

*105

Tsingtau,

62

87,878 5,361

4,527

62

United States of America,

50

225,628 3,637

1,150

28,714 430 5,470

58.

Ports in Hainan and Gulf of Tonkin,

Russia in Asia,

Siam,

South American Ports,

Straits Settlements,.

:

TOTAL,

4,472 | 6,276,704 298,831 ...

249,032

239

432,501 15,765 55,521

4,711 | 6,

.

WITH CARGOES.

TABLE II-NUMBER, TONNAGE, AND CREWS OF VESSELS

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

WI

SHIPPED.

SHIPPED.

ARTED.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Bunker Coal,

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

Vessels.

Tons.

Cargoes.

Bunker Coal.

Bunker

Cargoes. Coal.

29

63,481 2,733

16

31,579

1,676

39

304,852

13,319

1,592

7

:

1,185

20,372

15 41,698 666

352 2,530

36

83,853 3,085

4,122

12

45,768

2,210

31

73,277 2,312

3,295

2

1,368

2,080

1

2,823

51

40

$07,675 13,370

2,080

30 tons,...

2,715 2,910,694 | 162,937

105,386

55

76,024 3,499 12,715

2,800 2,986,718 | 166,436

118,101

1,724 1,309,382

:

483. 16,624

...

:

:

77 99,667

17 48,062

5,092

1,680

18,685

27

34.964

1,770

ཤྲྰི་

10,523 1,344,234

6,410

104

...

26

131,806

2,138

1

5,744

84

95 447,249 11,186

68 215,13 10,088

201 795,020 21,696

:

:

:

:

:

10,305

18

45,729 1,007 2,930

35

3,230

108

1,800

:

:

:

:

: 3,230

134,631 6,862

*93,791 2,687

108

25,095

$6

119,087

13,235

107

329,289

:

36

169,677

26

131,806 2,138

1,800

50

216,619

:..

:

:

22,169

1

:.

1,773

49

2

7,517

133

168

209,687

2,310

2

9.480

372

800

97

456,729 11,558

3,100

36

188,223

4,635

9,255

1.987

104

300

69

217,117 10,192

4,935

110 313,899

204

$95,020 21,696

9,255

273 1,011,215

:

***

671 380,972 27,761

9,005

:

:.

:

5

8,917

390

2,390

:

:

:

247 91,297

671 $80,972 27,764

9,005

7

5,524

35

1,072

...

:

*...

364

49,395

5

:

8,917

*...

390

2,390

2

2,408

73 148,592 5,414

13,718

5,918

82

550

130 123,620 9,187

13,827

45

1

366

96

121,987

7,863

29,773

18

60,577 2.891 6,750

3,230

95. 350

26,758 1,457 5,595

75 154,510 5,496

175 184,197 12,078

14,268

19

302,765

20,577

262

164,365

1

3,230

95

350

114

148,745

9,320

35,368

108

118,717

:

20

83,026

*

688

68

125,826 6,586′′

37...

69,224 2,832′′

8,911*

T05

$95,050 9,418

--26,320

-36-

72.855

62 87,878 5,361

4,527

50

225,628 3,637

1,150

28,714 430 5,470

62 $7,878 5,361

58. 254,342 4,067

4,527

6,620

197 1,053,517

4,472 6,276,704298,831 ... 249,032

239

432,501 15,765 55,521

4,711 | 6,709,205|314,596

301,553

14,942 7.242,215

TOTAL.

D 20

NNAGE, AND CREWS OF VESSELS CLEARED IN THE COLONY OF HONGKONG TO EACH COUNTRY IN THE

WITH CARGOES.

SHIPPED.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

SHIPPED.

Crews.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Vessels.

Tous. Crews.

Bunker Coal.

Vessels. Tons.

Crews.

Cargoes.

Bunker Coal.

Buuker

Cargoes. Coal.

Cargoes.

Bunke Coal.

TOTAL.

SHIPPED.

3

7

3,085

2,342

5 13,370

8166,436

:

:

4,122

3,295

2

12 45,768 1,502

1,368

350

3

7,564

118

700

15

53,332 1,620

130

140

1

824

34

180

3

2.192

164

:

:

1,050

320

2,080

118,101 1,724 | 1,309,382 91,250

45,708

483

16,624 8,014

2,898

2,728

68 81,596

3,918

82,068 29,155 17,110

2,491

10,523

1,344,234 177,199

2,298

212,568 29,332

25,095

86

119,087 9.330

18,994

44

60,180 2,466

13,235

107

329,289 10,514

14,695

25

52,101 1,260

8,100

2,695

1,792 1,390,978

3,211 98,692

12,821 1,556,802 | 206,531

130 179,267 11,796

132 381,390 11,804

96,068

48.199

37,169

20,008

27,094

17,390

36

169,677 6,717

4,650

36

169,677 6.717

4,650

1,800

50

216,619

3,207

1,400

:

50

5

22,169

214

:

:

216,649

3,207

1,100

5

22.169

214

168

209,687

9,949

1,499

117

30,540

4,407

1,314

285

240,227 14,356

2,813

¥

3,100

36

188,223 5,395

250

:..

36 188,223 5,395

250

4,935

110 313,899 7,153

7,805

1

3,020

43

111

:

316,919 7,196

7,805

9,255

273 1,011,215 20,955

19,479

13

24,080

717

2,226

286

1.035,295 21,672

21,705

247

91,297 10,138

9,062

.635*

106

40

249

91,932 10,244

9,102

9,005

7

5,524

346

90

142

26,009 2,166

829

149

31,533

2,512

919

35

1,072 · 321

L

140

31

847

T

283

144

66

1.919

604

281

364

49,395 5,225

65 10,578

715

429

59,973

5,940

2,390

2

2,408

123

490

:..

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

2

2,408

123

490

:

:

:

:

:

6,862

1 2,687

0

6

108

2,138

:

7

133

9 11,558

7

10,192

)

21,696

:

:

2 27,764

:

:

:

:

5,496

14,268

19

302,765

6,706

12,078

20,577

262

164,36 s 10,375

95

350

9,320

55,368

108

118,717 6,879

:

:

:

:

162 275,806 6,733 10,729 424 440,174

2,355

6

12,139

261

850

16,105

55 314,904 6,967

17,108

3,205

26,834

34,417

24 25,763 1,382

7,075

20

83,026 2,023

400

:

9,41-8

--26,320

-36-

72.855- -1,887-

6,347

5,361

4,067

+,527

6.620

1

197 1,053,517 20,656

7,205

16' 28,618, 813 4.590

1,143

28

100

34,733, 389 1,879

205

132. 144,480 8,261

20 83,026 2,023

52 101,473 2,700

1

1,143

28

1,088,250 21,015

41,492

400

10.937

100

:

9,084

7

390

7

:

314,596

301,553

14,942 | 7.242,215 |417,138

191,479

5,755 970,812 84,326 61,052

20,697 | 8,213,027 | 501,464

255,531

TRY IN THE YEAR 1922.

L.

WITH CARGOES.

SHIPPED.

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

SHIPPED.

Vessels.

7S.

Tons. Crews.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Bunker Coal.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Cargoes.

Bunker Coal.

Bunker

Bunker

Cargoes. Coal.

Cargoes. Coal,

20

14

8

9

SHIPPED.

1

:

7

7

:

:

:

:

1,050

109,249 4,235

1,942

10

27,936

470 3,230

51

137,185 4,705

5,172

320

18

32,947 1,806

1,325

16

42,522

39

304,852

13,319

2,080

1

48,199

4,469 | 4,220,076 | 255,087

151,094

20,008

483

16,624 8,014

2,898

10.523

J

1,344,234 177,199

2,823

123 157,620 7.417 15,206

2,728 $2,068

29,155 17,110

2,298 212,568 29,332

700 2,890

51

34

75,469

2,506

3,715

40

307,675 13,370

2,080

I

4,592 4,377,696 262,501

3,211 98,962

166,300

37,169

20,008

12,821 | 1,556,802 | 206,531

27,094

163

218,754 14,422

37,679

71

17,390

124

377,351 12,724

25,000

95,144 4,236

43 97,830 2,267 5,625

14,510

234

313,898

18,635

52,189

167 475,181

14,491

30,625

4,650

96

169,677 6,717

4,650

3,230

108

:

37

172,907 6,825

4,650

1,100

76 348,455

5,345

3,200

:

76

348,455

5,345

3,200

5 22,169

214

:

:.

5

22,169 214

2,813

169

215,431 10.033

1,499

118

32,313

4,456 1,314

287

247,744 14,489

2813

}

250

131: 635,472 16,581

2,560

2

9,480 372

800

133

644,952 16,953

:

3,360

* 7,805

178 529,029 17,211

12,440

2

5,007

147

300

180 534,036 17,388

12,740

21,705

477 1,806,235 42,651

28,734

13

24,080

717

2,226

490

9,102

247 91,297 10,138

9,062

2

635

106

40

1,230,315 43,368

249 91,392

30,960

10,244

9,102

919

678

386,496 28,110

9,095

142

26,009

2,166

829

820

412,505 30,276

9,924

281

35

1,072

364 19,395 5,225

321

140

31

817

233

140

66

65

10,578

715

429

490

11,325

513

2,880

1,919

59,973 5,940

11,325

604

281

513 ...

2,880

:

:

:

:

:

:

3,205

26,834 392

122 451,357 12,120

287,988 19,562

16,073

8

18,057 343 1,400

130

469,414 12,463

17,473

29.952

207

336,383 9,624 17,479

599

621,371 29,186

47,411

1

3,230

95

350

1

3,230

95

350

41,492

204 240,704 14,742

64,190

42

52,521

2,839

12,670

246

293,225 17,581

76,860

400

20 83,026 2,023

400

+

20

83,026 2,023

400

10,937

101 198,681 8,473

2756.

53

B

100

9,084

62

87,878 5,361

4,527

1

1,143

97,842 3,645

28

247 1,279,145 24,293

:

8,355

16 63,447 819

13,501-

100

7,349

157

63

-··-296,528† 19,1 16-

27,257

89,021 5,389.

4,627

263 1,342,592 25,112

15,704

255,531

19,414 13,518,919 713,969

443,511

5,994 | 1,403,313 | 100,091 116,573 25,408 14,922,232 816,060

560,084

Names of Ports.

KARMA

D 21

Table III-TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE and CREWS of VESSELS ENTERED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONGKO

BRITISH.

FOREIGN.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

WITH (

Vessels.

Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons.

Crews. Vessels.

Tons.

Crews. Vessels. Tons.

Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels.

Tons.

Crews. Vessels.

To

Aberdeen,

Cheung Chau,...

Saikung,

:

Shaukiwan,

:

Stanley,

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

55

2,835 447

7.

788

109

62

3,623

556

55

15

418

86

12

194

60

27

612

146

15

150

4,982

948

628

139

157

5,610

1,087

150

J

:.

:

Tai O,.

36

Yaumati,

Victoria,

4,610 | 6,701,216 | 302,856

92 9,697

7,740 4,702 | 6,710,913 | 310,596

438 222

1,000 55,679 | 10,439 12,238 7,187,348 362,026

36

438

222

36

205 16,659 2,415 6,639 | 929,144 119,556

1,205

72,338 12,854

18,877 | 8,116,492 481,582

1 000

55

16,848 13,88€

Total,

4,610 6,701,216 |302,856

92

9,697 7,740

4,702 6,710,913 310,596

|

| | 13,494 7,251,700 374,168

6,870 947,413122,279 | 20,364 | 8,199,113496,447 18,104 13,952

$

ONNAGE and CREWS of VESSELS ENTERED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONGKONG in the YEAR 1922.

Ga

D 21

:

628

139

157

5,610

1,087

FOREIGN.

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Tons.

Crews.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews. Vessels. Tons.

Crews. Vessels.

Tons.

Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

55

2,835 447

7

788

109

62

3,623

556

55

2,835

447

7

788

109

62

3,623

556

15

418

86

12

194

60

27

612

146

15

418

86

12

194

60

27

612

146

:

:

628

139

157

5,610

1,087

150

4,982

948

36

438

222

1.000

6,710,913 310,596

55,679 10,439

12,238 | 7,187,348 |362,026

16,659 2,415

438

205 72,338 12,854 6,639 | 929,144 119,556 | 18,877 | 8,116,492 481,582

36

222

36

1,205

438 222

1.000 55,679 | 10,439

16,848 13,888,564 664,882

205 16,659 2,415 6,731 938,841 127,296

36

1,205 72,338 12,854 23,579 14,827,405792,178

438

222

|

| | 6,710,913 310,596 13,494 7,251,700 374,168

6,870 947,413 | 122,279 20,364 8,199,113 496,447

18,104 13,952,916677,024

6,962 957,110 |130,019 25,066 14,910,026 807,043

:

150

4,982.

948

D 22

Table IV.—TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS CLEARED at EACH PORT in the COL

BRITISH.

FOREIGN.

Names of Ports.

WITH CARGOES,

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

Bunker

Bunker

¡Vessel s.

Tons.

Crews.

Vessels.

Tons..

Crews.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

Coal.

Coal.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels. Tons.

Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels.

Tor

34

1,783 273

21

910

170

2,

Aberdeen,

Cheung Chau,

Saikung,.....

Shaukiwan,

:

Stanley,

Tai 0,

Yaumati,

:

:

Victoria,.

4,472 | 6,276,704 298,831 |249,032

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

23

474

124

15

798

118

38

1.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

78

3,408

600

:

:

:

:

.:.

:

76

2,049

458

154

5.

:

36

· 438

222

36

...

773

51,698

8,208

139 22,410 4,457

1,212 74..

:

239 432,501

15,765 55,521

4,711 6,709,205 314,596 | 304,553

14,034 | 7,184,852 | 407,933 | 194,479

5,168 944,207

78,901

61,052 19,202

8.129.

Total,

4,472 | 6,276,704 298,831 |249,032

239432,501

15,765

55,521

6,709,205 314,596 304,558 14,942 7,242,215 417,188 194,479 4,711

5,755 | 970,812

84,326

61,052

20,697 $,213.

}

1

D 22

CREWS of VESSELS CLEARED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONGKONG in the YEAR 1922.

FOREIGN.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Tons. Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels. Tons.

Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels. Tons.

Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crews.

Bunker

Vessels.

Tons.

Coal.

Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

Bunker

Coal.

1,783

273

21

910

170

55

2,693

443

474

124

15

798

118

338

1,272

242

34

1,783

273

23

474

124

21

910

170

55

2,693

443

15

:

798

118

38

1.272

242

3,408

600

:

:

:

76

...

2,049 458

:

-

154

5,057

1,058

:

78

3,408

600

:

...

76

2,049

458

154

5,057

1,058

:

36

· 438

222

:

:

:

:

:.

:

36

438

222

36

438

222

36

438

222

51,698

7,184,852 | 407,933 | 194,479

8,208

139 22,410 4,457

...

1,212

74,108 12,665

773

51,698

8.208

139

22,410 4.457

...

1,212 74,108

12.665

5,168944,207

78,901

61,052

19,202 8,129,059 | 486,834

25,553 18,506 |13,461,556 | 706,764 | 443,511

5,107

1,376,708 94,666

11,657

23,913 14,838,264 | 801,430 | 560,084

7,242,215 | 417,188 | 194,479

5,755 | 970,812

84,326

61,052

2,697 8,213,027 501,464

25,553

19,414, 13,518,919 |715,959 | 443,511

5.994

1,403,313 | 100,091 11,657

25,408 14,922.232 816,060 | 560,084

Table V.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong in the Year 1922.

ENTERED.

NATIONALITY

OF

VESSELS.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons.

Crews.

British,

4,610 6,701,216 302,386

92 9,697

7,740

American,

248 1,105,182 26,890

10 4,278

1,001

4,702 6,710,913 310,596 258 1,109,460 27,891

Chinese,

1,795

905,208 78.607

31 26,815

1,395

· 1,826

Junks,

8,663

916,815 135,587

4,289

663,114

72,613

932,023 80,002

12,952 (1,579,929 208,230

1

Danish,

37

108,671 1,326

37

Dutch,

181

589,944 16,212

22 28,511

1,914

203

108,671 618,455 18,126

1,326

D 23

French,

180

375,846 18,283

10

10,594

723

190

386,440 19,006

Italian,

Japanese,

22 1,066 2,790,585 80,126

79,879

2,291

22

22 79,879

2,291

180

91,228

7,383

1,246 2,881,813 87,509

Norwegian,

147 169,051 7,045

29

28,385

1,363

176

197,436 8,408

Portuguese,

137 23,649

1,876

137

23,649

1,876

Russian,

2

German,

26

1,544

99,810) 1,498

141

2

1,544

141

26

99,810

1,498

Swedish,

12

*

41,849

795

12

41,849

795

Siamese,

30

35,861 2,124

4 2,542

284

- 34

38,403

2,408

Steamships

under 60

tons trading to ports outside the Colony,

985

31,455 13,060

2,258

68,297 23,880

3,243

99,752 36,940

TOTAL,

18,004 |13,952,916 677,024

7,062957,110 130,019.

25,066 | 14 910,026| 807,043

Table VI.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong in the Year 1922.

CLEARED.

D 24

British,

American,

Chinese,

Junks,

""

Danish,

36

Dutch,

174

NATIONALITY.

OF

VESSELS.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

4,472 6,276,704 298,831 237 1,043,709 27,004 1,746 $49,372 76,039 10,887 1,393,629 182,424 106,946 1,434 539,585 16,457

4,711 6,709,205 314,596

239 | 432,501

15,765

18 44,726 91 90,111 2,363 | 223,146

851

4,556

30,047

255 1,088,435| 27,855 1,837 989,483 80,595 13,250 1,616,775 212,471

36

36

29 63,222

1,633

203

106,946

602,807 18,090

1,434

French,

171

354,668

18,532

15

27,986

753

186

382,654| 19,285

Italian,

22

79,879

2,291

22

79,879 2,291

Japanese,

957 2,557,545

74,151.

294 | 339,720

11,875

1,251 2,897,265 85,936

Norwegian,

127

136,501 6,871

42 55,145

2,037

169

191,646]

8,908

Portuguese,

4

2,103

203

132 21,384

1,716

136

23,187 1,919

Russian,

3

2,977 206

3

2,977

206

German,

26

99,810 1,498

26

99,810

1,498

Swedish,

12

41,849 795

12

41,849

795

Siamese,

28

31,858 1,987

6

Steamships under 60 tons

trading to ports outside

518

17,696 8,335

6,545

2,759 82,915 29,438

421

34 38,403 2,408

3,277 100,611 37,773

the Colony,

TOTAL,..

19,420|13,534,831 717,058

5,988 1,387,401 99,002

25,408 |14,922,232 | 816,060

Table VII.

Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers, and Cargoes of Junks ENTERED in the Colony of Hongkong, from Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1922.

CARGO.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Tons.

Crew.

gers.

Passen- Cargo, Ves- Tons. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passeu-

gers.

Passen-

Vessels.

Tons. Crew.

gers.

Cargo.

Tons.

D 25

Canton,.....

762

West River,

Macao,

151,363 15,352 5,715 554,074 96,856 | 128,639 198 34,316 2,225

89,519 1,736361,522 31,286

2,498

512,885

46,638

89,519

501,546 2,137 |260,990 35,065

2,710

7,852

815,084 | 131,921 | 131,349

501,546

19.994 279 31,180 1,781

177

65,496

7,006

19,994

East Coast,

1,821

165,185 19,039

130,418 77 3,421

626

1,898

168,606

19,665

130,418

West Coast,

167

11,857 2,115

12

2,087 60 6.001

885

227

17,858 3,000

12

2,087

Total, 1922,

8,663

916,815 | 135,587 |128,651

743,5644,289 | 663,114

72,643

2,710

12,952 | 1,579,929 | 208,230 | 131,361

743,564

Total, 1921,.

9,157

1,035,408143,108 94,831

633,641 | 4,585 | 719,764

77,521

12 288

13,742 | 1,755,154 220,629 107,159

633,641

Table VIII.

:

Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers, and Cargoes of Junks CLEARED in the Colony of Hongkong for Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1922.

·D 26

Cargo.

Ballast.

Total.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crew.

Passen. Cargo, Ves. gers. tons. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen-

gers.

Vessels.

Tons.

Crew.

Passen-

gers.

Cargo,

tons.

Canton,

3,521 624,770

West River,

5,598 628,014

Macao,

364 49,395

63,743

99,859 | 138,599

5,225

East Coast,..

1,252

West Coast,

152

70,134

21,316 2,493

11,104

627,448 17 2,620

414,499 | 1.566 | 109,558

34,348

26,176 647 98,840

256

3,538

627,890

63,999

627,448

20,668

2.443

7.164

737,572 | 120.527 | 141,042

414,499

65

10,578

715

!

429

59,973 5,940

34,348

7,962

1,899

168,974 19,066

26,176

9,494 68 1,550

446

220

22,866 2,939

9,494

Total 1922,

10,887 | 1,393,629 |182,424 | 138,599 | 1,111,965 2,363 223,146 30.047

2,443

13,250

1,616,775 |212,471 141,042 1,111,965

Total 1921,.

11,284

1,491,933 | 166,953 85,679 | 1,141,413|2,499 | 244,650

33,616

12,136

13,783 1,736,583 | 200,569 96,438 | 1,141,413

D 27

Table IX.

Summary of Arrivals and Departures of all Vessels.

1921.

1922.

FOREIGN TRADE. -

No. of VESSELS.

TONS.

CREW.

NO. OF

VESSELS.

TONS.

CREW.

British Ships entered with Cargoes,

5,055

6,191,334

319,696

Do.

do. in Ballast,

137

201,300

10,003

4,610 92

6,701,216 9,697

302,386

7,740

Total,

5,192

6,392,634

329,699

4,702

6,710.913

310,596

British Ships cleared with Cargoes,

4,990

6,029,943

328,807

4,472

6.276,704

298,831

Do.

do. in Ballast,

190

344,013

12,360

239

432.501

15,765

Total,

5,180

6,373,858

341,167

4,711

6,709,205

314,596

Foreign Ships entered with Cargoes,

3,594

5,436,306

211.454

3,746

6,303,430

225,991

Do.

do. in Ballast,

224

266.273

10,825

423

216,002

25,756

Total,

3,818

5,702,579

222,279

4,172

6,519,432

251,747

Foreign Ships cleared with Cargoes,

3,108

4,815,522

211,321

3,543

5,816,802

227,468

Do.

do. in Ballast

713

880,560

26,523

627

648,839

23,752

Total,

3,821

5,696,082

237,844

4,170

6,495,641

251,220

do.

Steamships under 60 tons entered with Cargoes,

Do.

806

26,458

11,673

985

31,455

13,060

do.

in Ballast,

2,530

71,258

26,653

2,258

69,297

23,880

Total,

3,336

97,716

38,326

8.243

99,752

36,940

Steamships under 60 tons cleared with Cargoes,

556

20,296

9,107

518

17.696

8,335

Do.

do.

do.

in Ballast,

Total,

2,795

77,715

29,361

2.759

82,915

29,438

3,351

98,011

38,468

3,277

100,611

37,773

Junks entered with Cargoes,

Do. do. in Bailast,

9,157

1,035,408

143,108

8,663

916,815

135,587

4,585

719,746

77,521

4,289

663,114

72,643

Total,

13,742

1,755,154

220,629

12,952

1,579,929

208,230

Junks cleared with Cargoes,

Do. do. in Ballast,

11,284

1,491,933

166,953

10,887

1,393,629

1

182,424

2,499

244,650

33,616

2,363

223,146

30,047

Total,

13,783

1,786,583

200,569

13,250

1,616,775

212,471

Total of all Vessels entered,

Total of all Vessels cleared,

26,088 13,948,083 26,134 13,904,534

810,933 25,066 14,910,026 813,118 25,408 14,922,232

807,043

816,060

Total of all Vessels entered and cleared, in

Foreign Trade,

52,222 27,852,617

1,629,051

50,474 29,832,258

1,623,103

LOCAL TRADE.

Total Junks entered,

Do.

cleared,

Total Local Trade entered and cleared,

5,495

244,730

62,253

3,516

162,521

30,299

5,655

253,516

64,276

4,213

160,990

40,777

11,150

498,246

126,529

7,729

323,511

71,076

Total Foreign Trade entered and cleared, Total Local Trade entered and cleared,

52,222 11,150

27,852,617 498,246

1,629,051 126,529

26,155

3,195,008

401,663

7.729

323,511

71,076

Grand Total,

63,372 28,350,863

1,755,580

33,884

3,518,519

472.739

PLACES.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crew.

Table X.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Entered in the Colony of Hongkong during the year 1922.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

Passengers.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Within the Waters of the Colony, 1922,

228,320

4,383,306

Do.,

1921,

2,157,773 · *208,994 | 3,940,218; 1,913,495

96,457 | 3,568,573 1,081,866 | 6.572.681 94,699 | 3,146,944 1,562,620 | 5,997,086

6,483

5,939

319,777 7,951,879 | 3,189,639 | 6,572,681 298,693 7,887,160 | 3,476,115 | 5,997,066

6,483

5,939

T

Outside the Waters of the Colony :-

D 28-

Canton,

970 23,604 9,931

312 8,280 3,070 13

West River,

318 12,019 3,738

Macao,

East Coast,

21 493 183

82 2,574 826

46 1,477 431

104 3,693 2,189 323 738

16

Other places,

Total,..

867 29,607 · 9,202 6,915 2,258 68,297 23,880 6,915

252|10,017| 252 10,017 4,547 2,515 271 7,988 2,823 | 2,257

13,060 985 31,455 13,060 5,124

19 1,138 37,595 |12,025||9,172

36,940 880 | 3,243 99,752 36,940 |12,039

125

1,282|31,884 13,001 422 15,712 5,927 323

67 1,970 614

334|12,591 | 5,373 | 2,515

13

733

16

3

125

19

880

Crew.

Passengers.

Tons.

Cargo,

Vessels.

Tonnage.

TOTAL.

Crew.

Passengers.

Cargo,

Tons.

Table XI.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Cleared in the Colony of Hongkong during the year 1922.

D 29

PLACES.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

TOTAL.

Vessels.

Ton-

nage.

Crew. Passen-

Vessels.

gers.

Ton-

nage.

Crew.

Passen- Cargo, Vessels. Ton-

Crew. Passen- Cargo,

gers.

Tons.

nage.

gers.

Tons.

Bunker

Coal,

Tons.

Within the Waters of the Colony1922,

Do.,

223,196 4,379,266 2,156,758 1921, 203,804|3,934,417 1,911,985

96,581 | 3,572,613 |1.032,886 6,577,029 94,889 | 3,152,743 |1,561,127 |6,046,179

3,595

5,322

319,777 7,951,879 | 3,189,639 16,577,029 298,693 7,087,160 | 3,476,1126,046,179

3,595

54,098

5,322

19,540

Outside the Waters of the Colony

Canton,.

1,242 31,075 (12,662

West River,

Macao,

East Coast,

360|13,322| 4,167

31 847 283

128 4,218 1,802

:

:

:

Other places,

44 731 338 12

70 | 2,611| 1,874

396

47 1,286 31,806 (13,000 967 430 15,933 6,041 396

21

47 10,329

967

35

1,072

321 156

66 1,919 604 156

4,095

284

207

8,308 4,062 | 2,477

125

998 33,453 10,5249,012 162

4,974 1,740 3,105

335 12,526 5,864 2,477 19 1,160 38,427 12,264 12,117

125 2,241

19 3,343

Total,

2,759 82,915 29,438 9,012

|12,117 518 17,696 8,335|3,105 | 1,158] 3,277|100,611 |37,773 |12,117] 1,158 20,292

Table XII.

Number of Boat Licences, Permits, etc., issued and Fees collected during the year 1922.

(Under Table U, Section 40, of Ordinance No. 10 of 1899.)

DESCRIPTION.

1

LICENCE.

LICENCE DUPLICATE BOAT RE- SPECIAL BOOKS. LICENCE. PAINTING

FEES.

PERMITS.

:

3,274

$ 3,274.00

D 30

Licence Book, $1.00 each,.

Boat Repainting, .25

Special Permit,

.25

:

:

:

23

Passenger Boat, Classes A & B,

1,918

:

Lighter, Cargo and Water Boat,

1,855

Other Boats,

12,193

Fish Drying Hulks,

76

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

4,109

1,693

...

Duplicate Licence,

:

16

...

:

:.

:

:

:

1,027.25

423.25

11,080.35

49,755.15

40,592.25

616.00

16.00

ΤΟΥΑΙ,

16,042

3,274

16

4,109

1,693 $106,784.25

D 31

Table XIII.

Comparative Statement of Revenue collected in the Harbour Department during the years 1921 and 1922.

Sub-head of Revenue.

1. Light Dues..........

Special Assessment,

2. Licences, Internal Revenue not otherwise

specified :-

Amount

Amount

1921.

1922.

C.

C.

106,417.09 | 115,979.56 115,710.44 125,185.71

Boat Licences, Ordinance 10 of 1899, Chinese Passenger Ship Licences, Or-

dinance 1 of 1889,

Fines,

Forfeitures,

Fishing Stake and Station Licences,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,

102,426.50 106,539,00

2,070.00 1,845.00

6,564.80

6,693.67

437.00

554.17

58.90

48.30

Fishing Stake and Station Licences, do.,

from the New Territories,

2,083.10

1,491.90

Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899,

37,854.25

42,091.75

Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899,

from the New Territories,

9,055.25

10,013.25

160.00

205.00

10,415.00

11,374.25

Pilots Licences, Ordinance 3 of 1904, Steam-launch Licences, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

3. Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes, and Reimbursements- in-Aid:

4

Engagement and Discharge of Seamen,

Ördinance 10 of 1899,...

Engagement of Masters and Engineers. of Steam-launches, Ord. 10 of 1899, Examination of Masters, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

Fees for use of Government Buoys,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,...... Gunpowder, Storage of, Ord. 10 of 1899, Medical Examination of Emigrants, Ord.

1 of 1889,

Official Signatures, Ordinance 1 of 1888, Printed Forms, Sale of, Ord. 10 of 1899,.

34,326.00 41,245.40

288.00

280.50

3,810.00 3,157.50

89,176.80 105,805.02 5,416.25 3,038.06

* 104,605.00 † 77,474.00

6,336.00 6,054.00

288.75

527.00

Registry Fees (Merchant Shipping Act),

Ordinance 10 of 1899,...

1,902.00

3,412.00

Steam-launches, Surveyor's Certificate,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,.............:

8,295.00

9,165.00

35,923.00 39,146.00

116,700.00 146,250.00

479.00

Survey of Steamships, Ordinance 10 of

1899,.....

Sunday Cargo Working Permits, Ord.

1 of 1891,...................

4. Miscellaneous Receipts :

Sale of condemned stores,

Total,.............$ 800,798.13 | 857,576.04

* † See next page.

Revenue collected by.

Harbour Department,...... $104,605.00

Office of Secretary for

Chinese Affairs,

8,510.00

D 32

* Statement of Emigration Fees, 1921 :-

Expenditure incurred by.

$ 4,200.00 (Estimated.)

5,285.25

Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health,

11,340.00

Medical Department,.

23,897.64

$124,455.00

$ 33,382.89

Net Revenue.

$91,072.11

† Statement of Emigration Fees, 1922:-

Harbour Department,......

Office of Secretary for

Chinese Affairs, Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health, Medical Department,...

Revenue collected by.

$ 77,474.00

8,660.00

Expenditure incurred by.

$ 4,200.00 (Estimated.)

5,629.40

21,023.75

14,004.00

$100,138.00

$ 30,853.15

Net Revenue...

$ 69,284.85

Table XIV.

Summary of Chinese Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, during the year 1922.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

GRAND TOTAL.

PORTS.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

Jl.

F.

M.

F.

M.

Z.

Australia..

1,981

21

1 | 2,001

1.981

1

21

:

Africa (South),

2

18

18

76

49

19

8

British Borneo.

2,062

361

144

113|| 2,680|

2.062

361

144

Calcutta,

878

58

31

15 985

878

58

34

Canada,

5,957

636

6,593 1,264

42

67

10 1,383 7.221

42

703

ཎྞཱË

2.004

2

78

113

2,680

15.

985

10

7,976

Cuba (Havana'),

13

13

13

13

Delagoa Bay,

}

...2

76

. 18

14

2. 110 77

18

15

...2.

112

Dutch Indies,

1,101

120

56

16 1,293 10.106| 1,324

746

186 12,362 11,207 1,414

802

202

13,655.

Fiji,

50

50

50

-50

Honolulu,

16

1

18 6,646 661

228

127 7,662

6,662

662

228

128

7,680

Jamaica (Torouto),

406

36

442

406

36

442

Mauritius,

550

105

80

737

107

21

8

2 138

657

126

88

4

875

Mexico,

173

173

173

173

Nauru Island,

472

472 472

472

Panama,

9

9

9

South America............

966

12

61

1,040 966

12

61

1,040

Straits Settlements,.

26,139 7,656| 2,460 | 1,16237,417 10.139 | 1,602

$78

320 12,939 36,278|9,258| 3,338|1,482| 50,356

Sumatra (Relawan Deli),

2,573 277

100

66 3,016 | 2,573 277

100

66 3,016

Tahiti,

126

59

12

Timor,

37

United States of America,

147

200

37

156 5,795 275

126

59

12

200

37

37

289

25, 6,384 5,942

277

296

25

6,540

Total 1922,

Total 1921,

(39,474 8,364 | 3,487 | 1,31352,638 38,365| 4,259| 2,399 |72,505 16,524 | 6,955 | 2,398 |98,382|48,906 | 4,854||2,959

Total Passengers by British Ships, Total Passengers by Foreign Ships,

— D 33 —

741 45,755 77,839 |12,614 | 5,886 | 2054 98,393 910 57,629 121,411 21,378 9,9143,308 156,011

|39,474 | 8,364 | 3,487 1,313 52,638 38,365 4,250) 2,399 741 45,755

Excess of Passengers by British Ships,.

1,109 4,114 1,088

572

6,883

Table XV.

Statement of Average Number of Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1885 to 1920 inclusive.

1885. 1890. 63,138 66,706

1895, 1900. 1905. 60,360 66,961 73,105

1910. 1915. 88,452 109,110

1920.

84,602

Table XVI.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, for Ten Years, from 1913 to 1922 inclusive.

1914. 1915. 1916. 1917. 1918. 1919. 1920.

1921. 1922.

- D 34

Whither bound,

1913.

Straits Settlements, Males, Straits Settlements, Females,

Total,

85,099 36,764 32,440 17,254 8,210 8,838

102,353 ±1,974 41,278

66,965 53.250 5,914 7,424 30,330 67,032 39,616 15,832 10,042 2,105 4,214 13,605 20,292 10,740 82,797 63,292 8,019 11,638 43,935 87,324 50,356

Other Ports, Males,

39,001

30,358

25,811

Other Ports, Females,

1,405

964

1,186

33,182

1,674

31,078

1,928

34,096 46,044 59,128 64,293 44,109 1,715 2,287 2,195 4,394 3,928

Total,

40,406

31,322

26,997 34,856

33,006 35,811

48,331

Grand Total,

142,759

76,296

68,275 | 117,653 96,298

13,830

59,969 | 105,258 |156,011

61,323 68,687| 48,037

98,393

Table XVII.

Summary of Chinese Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, during the year 1922.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

GRAND TOTAL.

PORTS.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

F.

·M.

1.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

D 35

Australia,

2.268

64

92

51

2,475

303

19

Bangkok,

292

54

36

13

395

583

66

British Borneo,..

344

52

60

32

988

54

Dutch Borneo,

30

4

Canada,

3,589

162

301

96

4,148

1,577

98 122

ཨོཾསྶ

28

10

360

2,571

83 120

40

26

715

875

120

76

10

74

898

58

39

30

4

44.

1,841

5.166

260

Continent of Europe,

59

2

}

66

110

3

116

169

4

Dutch Indies,

1,987

232

192

98

2,509

13,565

1,187|1,303

609

16,664

15,552

Great Britain,.

123

Honolulu,

Japan,

Mauritius

Naru Island.

:..

:

123

66

66

189

10

10

2,085

161

143

62

2,451

2,095

161

1,736

328

118

116

56

2,026

1,376

73

105

30

1,584

3,112

191

21

35

13

397

50

50

378

21

...

+20

420

420

ཨྰཿནྡྲ ཧྥུ 1:ཀྱི

བྲྀཛཿཙིནྡྷཙྪཱ

བྷིསྶཎཾ;

2,835.

1,110

1,062

39

140 5,989

182

1,419 | 1,495 707 19,173

189

2,461

3,610

447

420

South America,

Straits Settlements,

Sumatra

80

3

5

6

94

154

12

173

234

15

11

7

267

56.211

7.046 6,016 | 2,446

71,749

11,547

956 890

502

13,895

67,758

8,002 6,936 | 2,948

85.644

...

10,867

900

665

326

12,758

10,867

900 665 326

12,758

United States of America,

70

4

I

2

77

6,262

418 438

166

7,281

6,332

422 439 168 7,361

Total 1922,

67,597

7,758 6,888 2,814 85,057

49,049

3,902 | 3.756 1,783

58,490 116,646

11,660 |10,644 | 4,597 |143,547

Total 1921, ..

84,437

6,962 12,530 3,372 | 107,301

40,430

3,443 | 6,235 1,655

51,763 | 124,867 | 10,405 18,765|5,027 | 159,064

Total Passengers by British Ships,

67,597

7,758 6,888 2,814

85,057

"?

"

Foreign

35

49,049

3.9023,7561,783

58,490

Excess of

}}

}}

"}

18,548 3,856 3,1321,031 26,567

Table XVIII.

Statement of Average Number of Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1885 to 1920 inclusive.

1885.

68,830

1890. 1895. 1900. 1905. 1910. 1915. 96,068 104,118 109,534 137,814 146,585 151,728

1920.

100,641

Table XIX.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, for Ten Years, from 1913 to 1922 inclusive.

D 36

Where from.

1913.

1914. 1915.

1916. 1917. 1918. 1919. 1920. 1921.

1922.

Straits Settlements, Males, Straits Settlements, Females,

123,363 | 136,753 10,381 4,605

Total,.

133,744 | 141,358

79,349 46,454 65,539 36,662 60,812 1,482 1,201 6,896 2,534 2,871 80,831 47,655 72,435 39,196 63,683

68,316 91,203 74,694 4,610 9,490 10,950

72,926 | 100,693 85,644

Other Ports, Males,

31,756

26,462

27,953

23,933

Other Ports, Females,

1,421 1,007

969

817

23.827 32,014 70,070 1,970 2,899 2,267

Total,

33.177 27,469 28,922

24,750

25.797

46,776

2,736 34,913 72,337 49,512 58,371 57,903

52,429 52,596 5,942 5,307

Grand Total,

166,921 | 168,827 | 109,753

72,405

98,232

74,109 | 136,020 | 122,438 | 159,064 143,547

Table XX.

Return of Vessels Registered at the Port of Hongkong during the year 1922.

Official

Name of Vessel.

Number.

Registered

Tounage.

Horse

Power.

Rig.

Build.

Where and when built.

Remarks.

1. Kuug Wo,

2. Dashtestan (ex John Sanderson),

3. Lantau,

4. Haldis,

.....

151,434

2,825

279, N.H.P.

No

Clincher Hongkong.

1921

First Registry.

95,284 2,081 151,435 151,436 1,144

300, Combined.

Schooner

Suuderland,

.1889

6

30, B.H.P,

189, N.H.P.

None

Schooner

Carvel

Hongkong,

1921

First Registry.

Clincher

Sunderland.

1902

5. Petricola,

6. Chang Sha

7. Majaristan

151,437 3,491 151,438 1,480 147. 72,860 1,673 200,

342,

Hongkong,

1921

First Registry.

>2

1922

::

Bill Quay,

1893

Transferred from Bombay.

Formerly Norwegian flag as Haldis.

Transferred from London.

',

8. Arabestan· (ex

Historian),

105,364

4.442

558,

Belfast,

1896

Liverpool.

9. Kialat,

151,439

+

26, B.ÏL.P.

Carvel

Hongkong,

1921

First Registry.

10. Halvard,

151,440 1,217

192, N.H.P.

Schooner

11. Wanhsien,

152,081

473

170,

12. Planorbis,

152,082

3,191

342,

Schooner

Clincher Sunderland, ...1902 Formerly Norwegian flag as HI-

Hongkong, 1922 ..1922

[vard.

First Registry.

+

37

13. Luen Yick,

152,083 240

""

14. Pleiodon..........

152,084 3,491

342, N,11,P.

Schooner

19

British Isles, unknown Hongkong,

"

1922

15. Koh Kham,.

152,085

55.5

16. Kaying,

152,086 1,572

328,

Nil

Schooner

.1922

11

.1922

15

17. Armanestau (ex

Almeria),

113,715 3,230

277,

18. Bermuda,

110,562 4,463

670,

19. Bosnia,

144,619 7,405 710.

75

20. New Mathilde.

152,087

842

130,

?}

་་

21. Hai Foong,.

152,088 1,146

170,

Yoker,.

23

"}

Newcastle-on-Tyne.

1899

}}

Jarrow-on-Tyne,

1898

Kiel,

1906

""

身份

1902 Transferred from London.

$1

"

"}

Formerly American flag as Paz.

>>

33

22. Wah Kiu,

152,089

528

53,

Nil

Carvel

1:

23. Belate,..

152,090

163

24. Bessie Dollar,

121,272 2.798

244, N.H.P..

25. Grace Dollar,.

26. Pong Tong

142,702 4,040 152,091 1,001

518.

27. China,

152,092

135,

:)

28. B. P. M. 83,

152.093

146

29. B. P. M. 87,

152,094

206

30. B. P. M. 88,

152,095

206

31 Libonotus

152,096

178

Fore & Aft Schooner

Sloop

Schooner

Not rigged

None

""

Clincher

1918

Sunderland, 1903 Hongkong, 1919 Canton, Port Glasgow, 1905 Transferred from Vancouver, B. C. Belfast

""}

ז'

Bremerhaven, .1903 | Formerly American flag as Quinnebaug.

,,

"

Norwegian Chinese

1918

""

14

>>

Tungus.

Wah K.u.

33

Belate.

32. Sciron.....

152,097

178

33. Septentrio,.

152,098

178

Hongkong, .1904

Shangbai,

.1903

Chinese

Dutch

China.

}}

B. P. M. 83.

"

.1906

"

B. P. M. 87.

#1

.1906

Hongkong,

.1922 First Registry.

.1922

,,

"}

.1922

"

+1.

"y

B. P. M. 88.

D 37

7

Table XXI.

Return of Registers of Vessels Cancelled at the Port of Hongkong during the year 1922.

Name of Vessel.

Official

Number.

Registered

Tonnage.

Date of

Registry.

Rig.

Build.

Where and when built.

Reason of Cancellation.

1. Drumeltan, .

87,920

2. Kambangan,

142,211

3. Achatina,

151,432

1,820|26. 4.17 4,390 | 22. 4.18 3,521 1.12.21

Barque

Nil

Schooner

,

>>

4. Palucina,

151,433

5. Petricola,

151,437

3,491|13,12.21 3.491 6. 3.22

Clincher Greenock, Rotterdam,. California, U. S. A., Hongkong,

1883

.....1911

1921

Sold to Costa Rican flag. Transferred to former owners. London.

1921

1921

"}

"}

6 Planorbis,

152,082

3,491 | 26, 4,22|

1922

11

>1

";

33

7. Pleiodon,

152,084-

3,491 29. 5.22

.1922

"3

"

"}

1+

""

8. St. Sampson,

112,226

35 26.10.19

1919

";

""

+9

"

Shanghai.

9. Majaristan,

72,860

1,673 | 14: 3,22

""

"}

Bill Quay,

1893 Sold to Chinese.

10. Daylight,.

114,812

3,599|26. 4.17

Barque

"

Port Glasgow,

.1901

American.

11. Gwydir,

(ex Hailoong)..

132.642

1,108|20, 1.20

Fore and Aft

37

12. Chao Chow Fu,

137,683

1,195 7. 4.15 Fore and Aft Schooner

Patrick, Grestemüude,.

.1911

13. St. Dominic,

142,224

3510, 619

14 Peewit.

139,571

717. 7.17

Schooner

Nil

Hongkong,

.1919

Carvel

Transferred to Newcastle, N.S.W. 1900 Sold at London.

Transferred to Shanghai.

1910 Sold to Chinese.

·D 38

D 39

Table XXII.

Number and Tonnage of Vessels in Foreign Trade Entered and

Cleared since 1910.

NO. OF

TONNAGE.

YEAR.

VESSELS.

1910

38,727

23,067,391

1911

44,978

23,063,108

1912

46,603

24,269,270

1913

47,520

25,821,652

1914

51,214

25,279,624

1915

50,148

22,515,023

1916

48,350

22,308,311

1917

48,026

20,547,119

1918

43,436

16,955,332

1919

41,985

21,072,129

1920

43.364

24,194,022

1921

52,222

27,852,616

1922

50,427

29,543,564

Year.

Total Revenue of

Department.

Table XXIII.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department.

Total Expenditure of Department.

Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

$

C.

$

C.

%

1910,

494,234.84

160,035.89

32.38

1911.

506,964.85

161,149.32

31.76

1912,.....

549,275.40

149,043.58

27.13

1913,

612,672.08

168,069.06

27.42

1914,.

579,442.92

173,214.01

29.89

1915,.....

551,237.90

166,465.04

30.19

1916...

649,732.24

165,295.31

25.44

1917,.....

666,102.79

198,015.49

29.73

1918,....

594,278.91

173,527.64

29.20

1919.

633,794.25

192,026.19

30.29

1920,................

701,493.26

230,033.12

32.79

1921,.

800,798.13

246,295.53

30.76

1922,

857,576.04

280,625.57

32.72

Appendix E.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF IMPORTS

AND EXPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1922.

STAFF.

Mr. N. L. Smith acted as Superintendent throughout the Revenue Officer J. G. Kynoch was dismissed on 16th August. Revenue Officer G. R. Bass resigned on 16th June.

year.

Messrs. M. A. Hancox & E. J. Herod were appointed to fill the vacancies.

Five Chinese Revenue Officers were dismissed, two died and seven resigned.

The conduct of the Chinese Revenue Officers is reported as good, and a large amount of hard work was performed especially in reference to the smuggling of cigarettes.

LIQUORS CONSOLIDATION. ÖRDINANCE.

The net revenue collected under the Liquors Ordinance from Duties and Licensed Warehouses during 1922 was $1,196,799.01 as compared with $1,040,637.04 for 1921.

The general details are as follows

1922.

1921.

Duties on European Liquors ......$458,374.69 331,183.58 Duties on Chinese Liquors......... 730,868.15 702,563.46

Licensed Warehouse Fees

7,354.17

6,750.00

Licensed Warehouse Overtime

Fres

202.00

140.00

Total

.$1,196,799.01 1,040,637.04

Full particulars are shown in Tables I-V.

E 2

TOBACCO ORDINANCE.

The net revenue collected under the Tobacco Ordinance was $1,474,677.50 as compared with $1,062,031.14 for 1921. Special measures were taken with good results to deal with very preva- lent smuggling of cigarettes.

The general details are as follows :-

Duties on Tobacco

1922.

1921.

$1,464,304.00 1,051,568.39

Licensed Warehouse Fees

1,962.50

1,918.75

Licensed Warehouse Overtime

Fees

93.00

72.00

Retailers' Licences

7,504.00

7,596.00

Manufacturers'. Licences .....

730.00

744.00

Importers' Licences

84.00

132.00

Total

$1,474,677.50 1,062,031,14

Full particulars are shown in Tables VI-IX.

OPIUM MONOPOLY.

The revenue for 1922 was $5,551,305.35 as compared with $3,938,197.99 in 1921. The price of prepared opium remained unchanged during the year. The increase in revenue is a very fair measure of the amount of illicit opium consumed in the Colony in 1920 to 1921 and is no doubt largely due to the stringent steps taken to suppress illicit opium divans, where the greater - part of the smuggled opium is consumed.

year.

Tables X-XII show the movements of raw opium during the

Table XIII shows the seizures of illicit opium.

TRADE STATISTICS.

Table XIV shows the number of Permits, Declarations, etc., dealt with during the year, under the Importation and Exporta- tion Ordinance, 1915, and the Registration of Imports and Exports Ordinance, 1921.

The total trade (excluding Treasure) for 1922 amounted to £122,191,827 as compared with £135,834,936 for 1921. Of this amount Imports were valued at £61,213,363 (as against £68,143,059 for 1921) and Exports at £60,978,464 (as against £67,694,877 for 1921).

Treasure imported during 1922 amounted to £9,717,616 (including £1,548,744 of Gold and £8,025,752 of Silver). Treasure exported during 1922 amounted to £14,164,806 (includ- ing £3,974,775 of Gold and £10,366,325 of Silver).

E 3

Complete figures will be found in the Annual Trade Return for 1922, from which the following items may be of interest.

Imports.

Exports.

GOODS.

VALUE.

Goods.

VALUE.

£

£

Chinese Medicines (not

Cement

387,607

specially mentioned)...

1,300,534

Chinese Medicines (not

Cigarettes

646,206

specially mentioned) 1,140,109

Coal

1,825,706

Cigarettes

1,316,785

Cotton, Dyed, Plain (not

Coal

442,781

specially mentioned)..

312,264 | Cosmetics & Per-

Fish and Fishery

Products, (Other)

fumery..

353,325

948,552 | Cottons Dyed Plain (not

Flour, (Wheat),

Fuel Oil..

Ginseng

Kerosene

Leather, Sole...

1,752,240 specially mentioned) 1,001,250

353,264 Firecrackers

572,907

680,067 | Fish & Fishery Pro-

Manures, Chemical &

Mineral

2,084,599 ducts, (Other)... 579,282 Flour, (Wheat)

Gunny Bags

322,759 Hosiery

1,382,373

1,578,263

347,983

346,770

Matches..

Peanuts

336,235

Kerosene

2,283,687

371,668 Leather, Sole...

656,602

Peanut Oil

Rice in husk, (Padi)... Rice Meal, (Rice Bran)...

470,982 | Mats, other kinds

437,848

1,032,385 Matches

434,890

632,861

Paperware

334,947

99

}}

Broken Cargo White

2,667,371 Peanut Oil...

405,477

1,280,633 Rattans

346,756

6,768,146 Rice Meal, (Rice Bran).

696,759

Silk Piece Goods....

1,164,179 Rice in husk (Padi)

1,118,221

Sugar, Raw......

Refined

5,307,086

Broken

2,345,556

663.672

وو

Cargo

1,221,146

Tin Slabs and Ingots

1,324,978

Glutinous

526,812

""

Tobacco, Raw

360,187

White

5,760,219

Vermicelli

550,203 Shirtings, White

Yarn, Cotton

5,612,732

(40/43 yds.)

622,829

Silk PieceGoods

1,135,136

Sugar Candy

354,277

Raw

1,772,342

Refined

4,545,793

Tea

551,415

Tin Slabs & Ingots

1,898,771

Tobacco, Prepared,

Native

471,252

Vermicelli

500,887

Yarn, Cotton

4,601,102

E 4

GENERAL.

Apart from the unprecedented number of opium seizures, Revenue Officers in the course of their duties seized 786 gallons of Chinese Wine, 159 bottles of European Liquors, 569 lbs. of Chinese Tobacco, 58 lbs. of Foreign Tobacco, 11,650 cigars, 1,218,288 cigarettes, 217 arms of various kinds, 54,997 rounds of ammunition and 41 lottery tickets.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE,

The net revenue collected by this Department was $8,222,781.- 86 an increase of $2,181,915.69 as compared with 1921.

The actual expenditure of this Department for the year was $631,733.97 an increase of $39,977.93 as compared with 1921.

J. D. LLOYD,

Superintendent of Imports & Exports.

Table I.

European Liquors.

Balance in

Exported

Bond on

ex Ship

Class of Liquor.

B1st

to Ship

Arrivals.

Ships'

Stores.

Denatured.

Consumed

Locally,

December,

1921.

or ex

Bond.

Balance in Bond on 31st Dec., 1922.

In H.K. & K.

Wharf & Godown Co.'s General Bonded Warehouses.

In Holt's

In Licensed

Total.

Wharf

General

Bonded Warehouses.

Warehouses.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons. Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Ale, Beer, and Stout,.

49,349

Bitters,

504

479,054

431

170,019

33,707

251,864

29,665

8,913

34,235

72,813

162

28

219

4

522

526

Brandy,

24,957

· 49,581

47,144

996

9,870

5,559

1,210

9,759

16,528

California Wine,

Champagne,

4,223

3,621

1,970

451

1,960

1,154

2,309

3,463

Cider,

26

315

30

9

169

80

53

133

Claret,

7,702

23,549

16,887

891 (d) 1,085

5,330

2,278

86

4,694

7,058

Cocktail,

121

140

137

24

90

3

93

Gin,

7,275

27,220

13,603

4,345

7,099

1,494

506

7,448

9,448

Ginger Wine,

145

148

17

180

95

95

...

Liqueurs,..

3,673

5,404

2,913

615

1,525

Madeira,

219

233

14

65

140

459

2

...

3,565

4,024

231

233

Malaga,

3

I

Q

2

Marsala,

223

78

2

25

27

247

247

Medicated Wine,

86

225

254

1

6

50

50

Muscatel,.

4

63

61

2

4

6

Port,

5,182

13,732

6,815

709

5,087

1,202

340

4,761

6,303

Prune Wine,

280

280

280

Rum,

1,433

28,152

12,884

205

13,517

1.051

40

1,888

1,928

(a) (b) (c)

(a)

(b) (d)

(c)

(a) Includes 12,253 gallons distilled locally.

(b)

""

13,487

1,157

";

19

"

>>

(4) Used in manufacture of tobacco.

E 5 -

Table 1,-Continued.

European Liquors,—Continued,

Balance in Bond on 31st Dec., 1922.

In H.K. & K,

Wharf & Godown Co.'s General Bonded

Warehouses,

In Holt's

Wharf

General

Bonded

In Licensed Warehouses.

Total.

Warehouses.

Balance in

Exported

Bond on

ex Ship

Class of Liquor.

31st

December,

1921.

Arrivals.

to Ship

Ship's

Stores.

Denatured.

Consumed

Locally.

or ex

Bond.

E 6 -

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Sake,

258

7,489

1,592

88

...

5,899

168

168

Sherry,

2,965

3,603

1,544

733

2,016

88

2,187

2,275

Sparkling Wine........

485

822

533

39

177

558

558

Spirits of Wine & Arrack,

54,307

952,944

711,924

443 (a)231,774

130

2,848

60,112

62,960

Still Wine, (not specially

mentioned),

3,708

8.000

4,180

603

2,499

574

68

Tonic Wine,

63

21

30

3,784

12

4,426

42

Vermouth,

3,296

10,050

5,675

620

3,354

710

225

2,762

3,697

Vibrona,

52

9

16

27

43

Whisky,

22,622

70,557

36,586

9,381

23,835

2,219

3,404

Wincarnis,

160

183

14

259

17,754

70

23,377

70

Wine and Spirits, (Un-

classified),

10,412 (b)133,162 (6)133,774 (b)1,754.

Note.-Fractions of a gallon are not shown in this table.

stumery, vinegar, efe,

| (b) 5,758 (b) 230 (b) 2,058 (b) 8,046

(4) Transhipment cargo not examined.

Table II.

Chinese Liquors.

Balance in Bond on 31st Dec., 1921.

Consumed

Arrivals.

locally

Exported.

Denatured and used for

Vinegar, etc.

Balance in Bond on 31st Dec., 1922.

Imported

Dis-

Bonded

Ware- Im- Distilled Im- Distilled ex Bond orj houses. tilleries. ported. locally. ported. locally.

Liquors.

Liquors Distilled Locally.

In H.K. and

In

Im-

ex Ship

to Ship.

ex Dis.

tilleries.

jex Bonded

Ware-

houses.

Gallons, Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. | Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons.

Liquors K. Wharf and ported Distilled Godown Co's Licensed In Dis- Ware- tilleries.

Liquors. Locally. houses.

Total

in

General

Bonded

Warehouses.

Bond.

:

Not more than 25%

of alcohol by weight,

13,397

35%

1,646

45%

111,688

";

50%

2,471

24,950 |840,914 |735,575 |612,537 |574,900 |223,372 537 30,098 22,293 14,462 18,612 14,560 761|186,665 19,718 19,278

1,442

41,521

16,802

3,214

108

464 | 162,101

1.490

5,328

1,029

";

Above

50%

2,842

410

Total,

129,573

26,248 1,060,148 807,616 678,129 593,976 | 401,062 46,225

22,238

}

E 7

99,462

89 18,363 27,840

46,242

2,722

896 3,618

43,020

5,460

81,514

207 87,181

Note.—Fractions of a gallon are not shown in this table.

1,310

1,387

142,482

5.576 103,909 28,943 138,428

:

Table III.

Return of Distilleries for the

Stock on

31st Dec.,

1921.

Output.

1922.

year

1922.

Consumed locally.

Bond.

Sold into

Exported.

Hongkong and New Kowloon

Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight, 10,164| 425,411| 276,734 16,802

27,814

97,558 16,667

17

35%

245 10,139

6,847

108

215

3,214

"

45%

750

49,337

53 5.328

1,490

43,020

196

"

Rum,

(1) Total,

384

26,513

12,253

13,487

1,157

11,583| 511,400|283,634 22,238 44,771

13.487

43,020 97,558

18,235

Denatured

Denatured

for

for making preserving

Tobacco.

Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons.

Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons.

Bean-curd.

Manufactured in New Territories Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight, 14,786 | 182,989|170,991 for consumption in Hongkong.

13,707

1,904

11,173

"

35%

45%

292

9,134 8,745

681

11

411

411

11

(2) Total,

15,089 | 192,584| 180,147

13,707

1,904

11,865

Used for

Vinegar.

Stock on

31st Dec.,

1922.

E 8

Table III,-Continued.

Return of Distilleries for the year 1922,—Continued.

Stock on

31st Dec.,

1921.

Denatured Denatured for making Tobacco.

Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons,| Gallons.

for

preserving Bean-curd.

Used for

Vinegar.

Stock on

31st Dec.,

1922.

Gallons. Gallons. Gallons.

Manufactured in New Territories Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight,

for consumption in New Territories.

""

35%

45%

(3) Total,..

127,175 | 127,175

3,020 3,020

130,195 130,195

(1) Hongkong and New Kowloon,

(2) Manufactured in New Territories for consumption in Hongkong, (3) Manufactured in New Territories for consumption in New Territories,

...

13,707

11,543 511,400 | 283,634 22,238 44,771 13,487 43,020 97,558 18,235 15,089 | 192,534 | 180,147

1,904

11,865

130,195 | 130,195

Grand Total,..

26,632 834,129 | 593,976 22,238 58,478

13,487

43,020 99,462

30,100

NOTE.-Fractions of a gallon are not shown in this table.

E 9

Table IV.

Return of Duty Paid European Liquors during th

MONTHS.

Champagne. Liqueurs.

Sparkling

Wine.

Brandy. Cocktail. Gin. Rum.

Spirits

of

Wine.

Still Wines. (In

Whisky.

Madeira. Malaga,| Port. Sherry.

Bitters.

Claret

Ginger

Wine.

Marsala.

Medicated

Wine,

Moscatel.

Red

Wine.

Gallons. Gallons. Gallons.

January,

February,

201

88

154

70

March,

138

133

48

....

April,

194

174

May,

137

186

June,

73

90

July,

95

156

August,.

171

83

September,...

153

135

11

October,

168

145

24

November,

124

119

10

December,

352

146

36

2287833-8

Gallons.

1,218

Gallons. Gallons. | Gallons, Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons. Galons. Galions. Gallons. |Gallons. |Gallons |Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons. Gallons

343

46

13

1,876

. 11

574

226

17

122

11

9

41

954

706

91

8

1,604

9

499

141

13

47

8

54

1,153

671

81

13

3,449

27

409

136

16

111

15

2

50

22

771

814

119

16

2,400

10

344

195

10

145

10

778

8

617

91

16

2,129

24

396

165

16

119

::

43

24

681

573

70

8

:

2,043

294

129

17

99

25

00

2

25

557

847

24.

537

57

26

1.448

388

228

26

83

23

34

499

52

13

1,294

511

541

.81

18

1,498

630

508

99

11

1,685

841

643

126

1,633

10402

405

91

25

99

13

...

357

117

11

96

7

1

382

171

22

125

12

W~~

74

24

27

424

191

29

...

76

22

12

879

2

647

138

2,776

21

615

226

17

178

32

1

...

38

Total,

1,960

1,525

177

9,870

21

7,099

1,051

150

23,835

140

5,087

2,016

219

1,300

180

27

6

61

418

Note.-Fractions of a gallon are not shown in this table.

2

Table IV.

irn of Duty Paid European Liquors during the year 1922.

Ginger

Wine.

Marsala.

Medicated

Wine.

Moscatel.

Still Wines. (In Bottles).

Red Still. Tonic Wine. Wine. Wine.

Vermouth.

Vibrona.

White

Wine.

Wincarnis Claret.

Still Wines. (In Wood).

Red : Still Ver- White Wine. Wine. mouth. Wine.

Amount

Sake.

Beer.

Cyder. Stout.

of

Duty

Collected.

Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. | Gallons. | Gallons. Gallons,

Gallons. Gailons.

Gullons. Gallons. Gulio s. Gailons. Gallens, Gallons. Gallons.

Gallons. Gallons, Gallons.

c. |

5

41

90

252

64

136

248

4

50

54

51

208

22

16

180

48

21

33

15

10

లు

50

22

45

354

68

4

46

10

22

292

71

586

18,646

30

2,236

39,311.81

64

16,383

1,710

35,108,77

42

637

17,564

1.740

48,796.41

43

54

266

65

24

180

40

107

421

18,707

1,924

42,186.97

24

62

4

215

117

40

165

580

48

292

19.373

16

1,560

23

SNELENS

40,102.14 |

25

42

404

90

20

285

42

46

650

16,158

1,872

34,713.00

:

34

40

12

246

07

26

79

49

100

196

20,630

38

2,493

32,813.38

223

74

41

154

56

10

52

8

2

54

15,216

20

1,575

29,580.93

24

67

4

247

5

64

8

366

468

14

481

18.778

50

1,566

33,429.80

27

107

230

113

81

310

34

29

279

23,856

2,075

37.487.28

22

:

12

58

272

62

20

88

58

76

522

19,241

1,909

35,799.08

32

38

159

401

127

6

157

33

4

85

...

1,833

24,802

1,850

51,282.54

180

27

61

418

821

21

3,249

905

259

2,044

1,568

37

105

736

5,899

229,354

169

22,510

460,612.11

Table IV.

Return of Duty Paid European Liquors during the year 1922.

Cocktail. Gin. Rum.

Spirits of Whisky. Wine.

Still Wines. (In Bottles).

Madeira. Malaga. Port. Sherry.

Claret

Bitters.

Ginger

Wine.

Marsala.

Medicated

Wine.

Moscatel.

Red

Wine.

Still Tonic Wine. Wine,

Vermouth. Vibroua.

White

Wine.

Wincarnis

Claret,

Gallons. Gallons. Gallons, Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons. Galons. | Galions. Gallons. Gallons,|Gallons |Gallons.

Gallons. Gallons.

Gallons.Gallons. Gallons. Gallous, Gallons,

Gulions. Gailons.

Gallons, {Gallons.

313

46

13

1,876

11

574

226

17

122

11

9

41

90

252

64

136

706

91

1,604

499

141

13

47

8

54

51

...

208

22

16

180

671

$1

13

3,449

27

409

136

16

111

15

2

Co

50

22

45

354

68

46

814

119

16

2,400

10

344

195

10

145

10

43

266

65

24

.180

00

617

91

16

2,129

24

396

165

16

119

1

24

62

215

117

40

165

573

70

8

2,043

6

294

129

17

99

25

8

2

25

42

404

90

20

285

:

O TH

537

57

26

1,448

388

228

26

83

23

34

45

12

246

57

26

79

499

52

13

1,294

405

91

25

99

13

541

,81

18

1,498

357

117

11

96

7

508

99

11

1,685

1

382

171

22

125

12

224

74

41

154

56

10

52

24

67

247

64

366

27

107

230

113

81

310

00 2

643

126

1,633

12

424

191

29

76

22

:

12

58

272

62

20

88

647

138

1

2,776

21

615

226

17

178

32

38

...

159

401

127

157

21 7,099

1,051

150

23,835

140

5,087

2,016

219 1,300

180

27

Co

61

418

821

21

3,249

9

905

259

2,044

Note.-Fractions of a gallon are not shown in this table,

Table V.

Return of Duty Paid Chinese Liquors during the year, 1922.

DUTY COLLECTED ON CHINESE WINES IMPORTED EX SHIP AND/OR EX Bond. FOR LOCAL CONSUMPTION,

DUTY COLLECTED ON CHINESE WINES DELIVERED FROM DISTILLERIES FOR LOCAL CONSUMPTION.

DESCRIPTION.

DESCRIPTION,

Amount

MONTHS.

25%

35%

45%

46 to

50%

above

of Duty Collected.

Amount

of Duty

46 to

50%

Gallons,

Gallons. Gallons.

25%

Gallons.

35%

Gallons.

45%

Gallons.

50%

above

50%

Collected.

Gallons Gallons.

January.

66,756

1306

5,727

46,462.63

40,943

971

February,

16,903

1,118

2,603

13,622.72

38,524

676

March,

53,053

1,109

4,644

128

37,493.12

45 939

1,185

April,

58,186

668

5,088

40,438.09

36,765

917

May,

43.006

1,479

2,946

109

29,872.23

12,549

1,603

June,

38,421

776

3,531

35

27,079.24

39,470

982

July,

41 469

576

3.406

48

28,309.89 42.293

799

: : : :

20

7

Gallons. Gallons.

23,173.16

21,085.76

25,244.05

20,624.10

23,633.17

6

21,643.96

23,374.65

August,

50,769

689

2,339

402

33,835.01

47,285

1,455

26,836.37

September,

57,984

1,047

1,419

39,971.22 34,726

3,024

20,911 13

October,

62,714

448

4,091

109

42,048.64

41,544

2,693

23,975.16.

November,

71.691

839

4,815

276

48,516.29 54,714

2,001

336

December,

51,585

4,407

5,669

383

160

40,329.14

52,414

2,303

:ཚ

31,140.36

29,918.21

Total,

Note:

612,537

14,462

49,278

1,442

410

428,008.27

-Fractions of a gallon are not shown in this table.

517,166*

18,612

464

291,560.08

* Excludes 57,735 gallons-$11,546.93 duty collected and paid into the Treasury by the District Officer, North.

- E II -

January..

Table VI.

Return of Duty Paid Tobacco Manufactured Locally during the year 1922.

CIGARS.

CIGARETTES.

CHINESE TOBACCO.

Amount

of Duty

Collected.

Total

Amount

of Duty

Collected.

MONTH.

$2.50

$1.50

70 c.

50 c.

30 c.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

Amount

of Duty

Collected.

$1.50

per-lb.

70 0.

50 c.

30 e.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

Amount

of Duty

Collected

30 c.

per lb.

February,

March,

April,

May,

June,

July,

August,

September...

October,

November,

December,

...

mille.

inille.

mille.

6

8

13

mille.

mille.

0.

mille.

mille.

mille.

mille.

0.

lb.

c.

[

& CO NO N

26

208

299

2.631.93

2,434

15,600

7,050

14,051

54.330 71

52,174

15,652.20

190

841

2,718.20

4,854

10,850

5,855

10,815

53,446.95

40.285

12,085.50

72,614.81

68,25 1.65

167

288

2,700.83

2,403

7 748

6,895

13,536

40,462.75

35

180

272

47,821 14,346.30

57.509.88

2,594,84

1,545

6.330

5,935

11,531 31.805.65

49,953 14.985.90

49,386.39

35

139

380

2,744.97

1,675

9,512

7,860

14,857 |

41,716.08

E 12 -

53.102

15,930.60

60,391,65

34

145

276

2,551.58

2,065

9,150

7,130

13.024

41,028.85

53.767

16,130.10

59,710.53

5

22

117

296

1,966.89

2,210

11,020

6.320

18,837

45,204.35

61,139

18,341.70

65,512.91

31

102

290

2,016,11

2,042

19,139

7,302

14,126

60,823.31

59,23+

17.770.20 80,609.62

80

120

320

2,252.43

2,515 21,315

6,520

13,165

65.860 39

58.267

35

133

294

2,345.01

3.230

22,766

7,205

13,440

72,083.12

39

167

410

8,035.45

2,825

22,438

6,880

11,055

67,-29.95

17,480.10 58,754 17.626.20 92,054.33 56,704 17,011.20 87,876.60

85,592.92

25

80

238

499

5,023.75

3,040

24,861

8,110

11,670

74,882.97

53,129

15,938.70 95,776.72

Total,

118

35

426

1,906

3,965

32,581.99

30,838

180,729

82,592

155,107

649,475.08

644,329 193,298.70 875,287.07

Note.-Fractions of a mille or a pound are not shown in this table.

:

Table VII.

Return of Duty Paid Tobacco Imported during the year, 1922.

E 13 -

ARS.

CIGARETTES.

TOBACCO.

50 c.

30 c.

per lb.

per lb.

Amount

of Duty

$1.50

70 e.

50 c.

30 c.

Collected.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

Amount

of Duty

Collected.

$1.50

per lb.

70 c.

per lb.

50 0.

per lb.

30 c.

per lb.

Amount

of Duty

Collected.

30 e.

per lb.

Amount

of Duty

Collected.

CHINESE TOBACCO.

TOBACCO LEAF.

Amount

of Duty

Collected.

30 c.

per lb.

$2.50

per lb.

SNUFF.

Amount

of Duty Collected.

Total

Amount

of Duty

Collected.

Mille.

Mille. $ C.

Mille.

Mille.

Mille.

Mille.

C.

..lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

$

c.

lb.

lb.

0.

lb.

C.

8.

ཚ།ཨྰཿཧྨམི ྂ ཤཱཿ ཚེ

34

2

2,147.49

3,123

23,104

4,492

860

60,077.14

531

1,072.34

3,681

7,954

1,530

1,034

31,663.04 443

60

JO

66

36

720

835.80

940.13

10,819

3,245.66

2,065

619.62

13.75

3,169

950.55

72

3,779.64

3,418

25,174

4,035

4,002

1,210.68

1

921

63,693.91 870

96

106

2

1,426.37

10,509

62

3,025.79

3,152.70

2,254

5,770

19,480

1,730.91

9.37

3,154

1,093

48,865.68 884

66,939.46

35,836.74

73,792.90

25

944

39

19

2,623.77

1,620.84 10,270

3,080.97

3 517

3,799

17,403

750

3,177

,055.16

50,011.41 606

12

57,648.44

1,163

1,264.42

28

11,762 3.528.69

2.534

760.11

20 2.222.65

2,036

17,713

3,198

7.50

790

44,721.56 514

324

1,296

58,195.90

1.644.88

12,551

3,765.36

3.297

989.20

23

3.379.24

1,632

13,213

1.88

7,698

5,668

48,935.11

58,345.53

447

29

88

734.18

2,230.76

10,664

8.199.17

3,172

951.72

2,432

6,707

7,071

299

31,357.09

1,014

2

24

57,199.42

1,534.03

26

1,805.79

13,091

3,927.18

4,336

2,552

4,387

1,316.19

4,048

329

26 587.70

40,365,25

378

7

1,091.87

12,889

3,866 79

2,099.01

2,719

815.76

3.550

627

4,778

280

34.167.91

20.697.95

1,005

29

1,527.80

2,231.96

11,324

3.397.17

2,762

828.57

5,403

1,719

5,764

395

27,044.68 664

24

83

6,214.58

4,327

2.570

10,419

310 39,564.62 862

36

2203

28,550.50

29

1,027.30

8,693

2,607.90

2,795

838.38

83,750.22

1,328.83

10,024

3,007 32

1,753

525.84

2,50

50,712.39

495

60 32,833.02

39,991

138,216 66,899

15,156 493,219.89 8,218 609 1,711 2,829 14,976.45 125,765 37,729.46

38,806 (a) | 11,642.14

15

35.00

590,504.66

(a) Used in manufacture of Chinese Pipe Tobaccó consumed in New Territories. Note.-Fractions of a mille or a pound are not shown in this table.

Table VII.

Return of Duty Paid Tobacco Imported during the year, 1922.

CIGARS.

CIGARETTES.

TOBACCO.

MONTH.

$2.50

$1.50

.70 0.

Amount

50 c.

30 c.

$1.50

70 e.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb

per lb.

per lb.

of Duty

50 0.

30 c.

Collected,

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

Amount

of Duty.

Collected.

$1.50

per lb.

70 c.

per lb.

50 c.

30 c.

per lb.

per lb.

Amount

of Duty

Collected.

30 c.

CHINESE TOBACCO.

per lb.

Amount

of Duty

Collected.

TOBACCO L

30 c.

of

per lb.

Col

Mille.

Mille.

Mille.

Mille.

Mille. $ C.

Mille.

Mille.

Mille.

Mille.

0.

lb.

lb.

lb..

lb.

$

C.

lb.

$

lb.

January,...

35

February,

22

March,

68

April,

45

May,

43

June,

42

July,

72

August,

61

September,

39

October,

39

November,

38

December,

129

877-8

— 2 3 3 1 2,10 2 → ·

60

34

2

2,147.49

3,123

23,104

4,492

860

60,077.14

531

9

66

835.80

16

10,819

3,245.66

1,072.34

2,065

6

3,681

7,954

1,530

1,034

31,663,04 443

60

36

720

940.13

61

72

3,779.64

3,169

950.55

4,035

3,418

25,174

. 4,002

921

63,693.91

870

96

106

59

62

3,025.79

1,426.37

10,509

3,152.70

5,770

2,254

19,480

3,154

1,093

48,865.68 884

25

944

46

1,620.84

39

19

2,623.77

10,270

3.080.97

3517

- 3,799

17,403

750

3,177

50,011.41 606

12

1,163

10

28

1,264.42

20

11,762

3.528.69

2.531

2.222.65

2,036

17,713

3,198

790

44,721.56

514

324

1,296

1.644.88

38

23

12,551

3,765.36

5

3.379.24

3.297

1,632

13,213

7,693

5,668

48,935.11

447

29

88

734.18

47

51

2,230.76

10,664

3.199.17

3,172

2,432

6,707

7.071

299

31,357.09

1,014

2

24

1,584.03

18

26

1,805.79

13,091

3,927.18

4,387

4,336

2,552

4,048

329

26 587.70

378

www.

31

1,091.87

2,099.01

12,889

3,866 79

2,719

3.550

627

1,778

280

20,697,95

1,005

29

51

46

2,231.96

1,527.80 11,324

3.397.17

2,762

5,403

1,719

5,761

895

27,044.68

664

24

29

58

83

6,214.58

4,327

2,570

10,419

310

39,564.62

862

36

22

1,027,30

1,328,83

8,693

2,607.90

2,795

10,024

3,007 32

1,753

Total......

633

46

501

495

60 132,833.02

39,991

138,216 56,899 15,156

493,219.89 8,218

609 1,711 2,829

14,976.45

125,765 37,729.46

38,806 (a)

11.

(a) Used in manufacture of Chinese Pipe Tobaccó consumed in New Territories. Note.-Fractions of a mille or a pound are not shown in this table.

Exported.

Ships' Stores

Removed

to other

Factories.

Consumed locally.

Table VIII.

Tobacco Eocal Factories for they

year

1922.

Balance in Bond on 31st Dec.,

Issued

for

Produced.

1921.

manu-

Class of Tobacco.

Balance in Bond on 31st Dec.,

1922.

facture.

Mille.

lb.

Jb.

Mille.

lb.

Mille.

lb.

Mille. lb Mille.

lb.

Mille.

Ib.

Mille.

lb.

Cigars 1. Valued at not less than $2.20 per lb.

87

2.

$1.60

61

11

29

3.

>>

""

$1.10

543

33

>>

""

$ .60

792

""

Valued at less than

$.60

1,227

Total,

2,710

Cigarettes 1. Valued at not less than $1.60 per lb..

12,529

"

2.

3.

94

$1.10

"

5,938

"

"

$ .60

}}

108,340

11

4. Valued at less than

$ .60

"}

2,455

Total,...

129,262

:

1.402

1,399

5,573

5,481

8,689

22,514

. 1,129

1,180

21

4

7,132

35

...

735

4,958

10,176

565,433

371.339

445.506

186.237

1,535,968

1,515,743

170.223

12,737

2,642,963

2,160,228

Note.-Fractions of a pound or mille are not shown in this table.

60

:

:

118

214

35

243

426

1,314

1,906

678

...

3,965

1,089

6,450

3,538

30,838

9.726

180,729

10,066

82,592

45,586

155,107

8,775

1

366,675

69,153

- E 14 -

!

Class of Tobacco.

Removed

Exported.

Ships' Stores.

to other

Factories.

Consumed locally.

Balance in Bond on 31st Dec., 1922.

...

:.

-E 15-

644,329

...

15,787

644,329

15,787

Mille.

lb.

lb.

Mille.

lb.

Mille.

lb.

Mille.

lb.

Mille. lb.

Mille.

Ib.

Mille.

lb.

Balance in Bond on 31st Dec., 1921.

Table VIII,-Continued.

Tobacco Local Factories for the year 1922.

Issued

for

Produced.

manu-

Pipe Tobacco (non-Chinese) valued at not less than

$1.60 per lb.

at less than 60c. per lb..

Total,.

facture.

:

:

::

:

::

:

:

11.359

1,749

13,108

:

:

Pipe Tobacco (Chinese) valued at less than

60c, per lb....

Total,..

19,842

19,842

...

1,052,144

392,028

1,052,144

392,028

American and Manila Tobacco Leaf,

323.376

8,862,588

45,344

'Clean

""

}}

88,941

6,386,561

25,529

Total,...

412,317 8,862,588

6,386,561

70,873

:

(a)

Asiatic Tobacco Leaf, Clean

239,472 1,976,417

13,455

13,115

9,930,462

...

Total,

252,587 1,976,417

9,930,462

13,455

:

Note.--Fractions of a pound or mille are not shown in this table. (a) Includes 38,806 lbs. consumed in New Territories.

::

:

:

:

536,548

99.253

635,801

278,768

11,205

289,973

Appendix F.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE ROYAL

OBSERVATORY, HONGKONG, FOR THE YEAR 1922.

I.-GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS.

The grounds were kept in order by the Botanical and Forestry Department with the assistance of the Observatory coolies.

Excavations for an underground room for the seismograph and clocks were commenced in September.

Gas fires in all rooms, and 2 geysers, were installed in November.

II. METEOROLOGICAL INSTRUMENTS.

Barometers.-The Marvin compensated syphon barograph, which was set up in February, has worked well during the year, except that some mercury leaked at the ground joints.

The action of the barograph has been improved by the introduction of a buzzer, operated every minute for 07 second by a signal from the mean time clock.

The station barometer No. 1323 and the large Casella barometer are compared with the Observatory Standard usually once a month.

Beckley Anemograph.--This instrument was oiled and the orientation of the vane checked once a month.

Dines-Baxendell Anemograph.-The bearings of the vane were oiled and its orientation checked once a month. The spindle of the float was cleaned and oiled once a week. On March 26 a hole was drilled in the standard to permit of oiling the spindle above the mercury cup. The hole is closed by a screw to prevent the ingress of water or dust. The instrument requires frequent calibration. Its action at low velocities is uncertain.

The mean monthly results of comparisons with the records of the Beckley Anemograph from 1910-1921 are given in the follow- ing table, together with the results for 1922:-

F 2

M

Factor for converting the actual run of the Beckley Anemo- graph cups to velocities recorded by the Dines Pressure Tube Anemograph.

Factor (Dines Beckley).

3

Mouth.

Mean 1910-1921.

1922.

January,

February,

March,

April,

May,

June,

July,

August,.

September,

October,

November,

December,

Year,..

2 ΟΙ

2'10

2.05

2'22

2'07

2*24

2:09

2742

2'13

3721

2.17

132

2.24

1.68

2.20

124

2.19

155

2.12

1'44

2:05

ΓΙΟ

2'01

116

2.II

1.81

Gap Rock Anemograph.-A leak developed in the float in the month of June. After several attempts to repair it the instrument was again brought to the Observatory. The altera- tions to the vane mentioned last year had the desired effect in increasing its sensibility, but with N and E winds, which are variable and gusty, it occasionally made a complete revolution and so carried the pen off the paper.

Thermometers.-All thermometers in use were compared with the Kew Standard in winter and summer.

Richard Thermograph.-This instrument worked satisfac- torily during the year, though the base lines as laid down from the hourly eye observations of rotating thermometers still show irregularities, except on dull days with small range of tempera- ture. This is due partly to thermograph lag.

III.-METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS AT THE OBSERvatory,

Automatic records of the temperature of the air and evapora- tion were obtained with a Richard dry and wet bulb thermograph, and of the direction and velocity of the wind with a Beckley and a Dines-Baxendell anemograph, modified as described in the report for 1912. The amount of rain is recorded automatically by a Nakamura pluviograph, the amount of sunshine by two Campbell- Stokes universal sunshine recorders, and the relative humidity of the air by a small Richard hair hygrograph. Eye observations of

F 3

barometric pressure, temperature of the air and of evaporation and the amount of cloud are made at each hour of Hongkong Standard time. The character and direction of the motion of the clouds are observed every three hours. Daily readings are taken of self- registering maximum and minimum thermometers.

Principal features of the Weather.-The principal features of the weather in 1922 were:

(a) Typhoon gales on July 12-13, July 27-29, August 3 and

September 20-21.

(b) Low barometric pressure in February, August and

September.

(c) Rainfall in serious defect from May 23 to July 6, and from September 23 to December 17. Heavy and well distributed rains from July 27 to September 4.

(d) Low wind velocity in April and November.

Barometric pressure was considerably below normal in February, August and September. The mean pressure for the year at station lever was 29.820ins, as against 29-848ins. in 1921 and 29.843ins. for the past 39 years. The highest pressure was 30 445ins. on November 26 as against 30-323шs in 1921 and 30-509ins. for the past 39 years. The lowest pressure was 29-174ins on August 3 as against 29-319s. in 1921 and 28-735ins for the past 39 years.

The temperature of the air was above normal from January to August, considerably in February and May and slightly in the other months. From September to the end of the year it was slightly below normal. The mean temperature for the year was 72°-4 as against 72°-2 in 1921 and 71°8 for the past 39 years. The highest temperature was 93°1 on August 2, as against 92°.2 in 1921 and 970 for the past 30 years. The lowest temperature was 43°7 on November 26 as against 44°0 in 1921 and 32°0 for the past 39 years.

The rainfall was considerably above normal in February and August. It was considerably below normal from the middle of May to the beginning of July and from the end of September to the middle of December. The total for the year was 69-43ins, as against 97-34 in 1921, and 84-23ins. for the past 39 years. The greatest fall in one civil day was 3.70ins on September 21 and the greatest in one hour was 1·62ins between 7.30.

0.p.m. and 8.30 p.m.

on August 28.

The wind velocity way considerably below normal in April and November, and moderately below in June, August, September and October. It was slightly above in January, February and July. The mean velocity for the year was 116 m.p.h. as against 107 m.p.h. in 1921, and 12-6 m.p.h. for the past 39 years. The

F 4

maximum velocity for one hour, as recorded by the Beckley Anemograph, was 5 miles at 9 p.m. on September 20 as against 51 miles in 1921 and 108 miles for the past 39 years.

The maximum squall velocity, as recorded by the Dines-Baxendell Anemograph, was at the rate of 75 m.p.h. at 11h. 5m. p.m. on September 20 as against 69 m.p.h. in 1921 and 105 m.p.h. for the part 13 years.

Rainfall at Four Stations. In the following table the monthly rainfall for the year 1922 at the Observatory is compared with the fall at the Police Station, Tai Po; the Botanical Gardens ; and the Matilda Hospital, Mount Kellet :---

Months.

Observatory Police Station (Kowloon). (Taipo).

Botanical Gardens (Hongkong).

Matilda

Hospital (Hongkong).

inches.

inches.

inches.

inches.

January,

2.66c

2.99

195

2'13

February,

5*490

7*68

5'49

4'72

March,

3.675

7'03

4.80

2.59

April,

2*020

2017

2034

2.22

May,

5*495

8.64

5.87

4'71

June,

6.525

16.46

7.20

6'49

July,

12.800

17:03

18.33

14.02

August,

17.535

19.50

20'15

15.83

September,...

9'935

9.88

8.51

6.36

October,

2.025

137

2.92

2.53

November,

0'535

0:38

0'64

0'75

December,

0.740

0.80

1'01

0.88

Year,

69.435

93'93

79'21

63.43

Floods.--The heaviest rainfall occurred at the Observatory as

follows:-

Period.

Amount.

Duration.

Greatest fall

in 1 hour.

Amount. .hours. inches.

Time.

dl. h.

dl. h.

d. b.

-inches.

June...20 5 to June 21 July.... 8 20 to Aug....26 5 to Sept....20 14 to

22

4.81

19

1:30

June 21 3

July 14

17

8 18

48

118 July 10

Sept. 4

19

10.38

72

1.62

Aug. 28 20

Sept. 22 14

5.65

40

0.80

Sept. 21

2

Typhoons.--The tracks of 20 typhoons and 11 of the principal depressions which occurred in the Far East in 1922 are given in two plates in the Monthly Meteorological Bulletin for December, 1922.

F 5

IV.--PUBLICATIONS.

Daily Weather Report and Map.-A weather map of the Far East for 6 a.m. of the 120th meridian, and the Daily Weather Report (containing meteorological observations, usually at 6. and 14h, from about 40 stations in China, Indo-China, Japan, the Philippines and Borneo) and daily weather forecasts for Hongkong to Gap Rock, the Formosa Channel, the south coast of China bet- ween Hongkong and Lamocks, and between Hongkong and Hai- nan, were issued as in former years. Copies of the map were exhibited on notice boards at the Hongkong Ferry Pier, Blake Pier, and the Harbour Office. One copy was sent daily to the Institute of Engineers and Shipbuilders and one to the Director of the Meteorological Observatory, Macao. Forty copies of the Daily Weather Report were distributed to various offices, etc., in the Colony, and a copy was sent daily to the Director of the Meteoro- logical Observatory, Macao. Copies were sent every week to the Hydrographic Office, Bangkok.

A charge of $10 a year is made for supplying private firms and individuals with the Daily Weather Report, and $36 for the Weather Map. No maps were published on January 1, February 12, March 4, July 7, 8, 9. August 3, 4, and 6, owing to the late arrival of weather telegrams. On several other occasions the map, though published, contained but meagre information.

The weather forecast is telegraphed daily to the Cape d'Aguilar Wireless Station in time for distribution at 1 p.m. It is broadcast again at 5 p.m.

Monthly Meteorological Bulletin.-The monthly Meteorological Bulletin, which includes the Daily Weather Report, was published as usual, and distributed to the principal observatories and scientific institutions in different parts of the world.

Monthly Seismological Bulletin.—The publication of a monthly seismological bulletin, giving particulars of earthquakes recorded by the Milne-Shaw seismograph, was continued throughout the year, and distributed to the principal seismological Observatories.

Miscellaneous Returns.-A monthly abstract of observations made at the Observatory is published in the Government Gazette, and monthly and yearly results are published in the Blue Book in the form suggested by the London Meteorological Office for the British Colonies. The monthly departures from normal of the barometric pressure at four China Coast Ports are communicated to the Commonwealth Meteorologist, Melbourne, in connection with long range weather forecasts. Monthly meteorological returns are forwarded to the Meteorological Magazine, and annual returns to the Stock Exchange Official Intelligence, the Colonial Office List, and Whitaker's Almanack.

V.-WEATHER TELEGRAMS, FORECASTS, AND STORM WARNINGS.

Daily Weather Telegrams. --The improvement in this service continues, but occasionally the observations from Japan and Indo-

F 6

China still arrive too late for insertion in the Daily Weather Map. Occasionally belated weather telegrams are received from South China, but as a rule the observations from these districts are posted in batches to Hongkong, as are those from Central China.

Extra Weather Telegrams.--The following stations send extra weather telegrams at half rate during typhoons, on receipt of certain code words from Hongkong:-Amoy, Canton, Macao, Phulien, Sharp Peak, and Taihoku. The Director of the Philippines Weather Bureau also sends extra telegrams, at his discretion, from Aparri or some other station nearer the typhoon centre. The extra 9 p.m. telegram from Swatow, kindly sanctioned by the Chinese Telegraph Administration during the typhoon season, was seldom received.

Weather Telegrams by Radio.-The following table gives the monthly number of ships, of different nationalities, from which radio meteorological messages have been received, and the number of messages received (each arrival and departure is counted separately).

British (in- cluding H.M.

Ships).

Dutch.

Japan-

Other National-

Total

est.

ities.

Month.

No. of ships.

No. of

messages.

No. of ships.

No. of

messages.

No. of ships.

No. of

messages.

No. of ships.

No. of

messages.

No. of ships.

No. of

messages.

January, February,

16:

40

14

40

99

March,

15

38

April,..

3

640∞

9

6

2

XN

15

7

I 2

IO

22

5

28

∞ ∞ m

8

I I

24 13 35

19

May, June,

July, August,

27

30

H3MM N

31

37

56

September,

3

October,..

29

November,.

18

December,

19

Totals 1922,

280

40

Totals 1921,

121

84

Totals 1920,

......

64

:

:

Totals 1919,

17

VI

20 8

II

43500

2 2 + in

29

32 22

47

25

29

58

29 32

I

2

24

In N

In O

20

36

52

69

23

4. 54 117 641144 69 173 69130

79 194

78 54

55

53 7 19

28 22 44 7 29 61

:

164

6.5

...

649

223

21

266

48

361

:

4.0

25

3

6

N

:

:

:

140

61

- F 7-

It will be seen that the nember of messages received has increased, averaging 18 ships per day in 1922. This represents only 12% of the average number of ships within call of Cape d'Aguilar, however. It is to be hoped that the time is not far distant when every ship within call will send observations by radio telegraphy as a matter of routine, in accordance with the Notice to Mariners on the suject.

Results of Weather Forecasts.-The results of the comparison of the daily weather forecasts. with the weather subsequently experienced are given below, with the results of the previous five years:

Year.

Complete Partial Partial Success. Success. Failure.

Total

Failure.

%

%

%

%

1917

67

29

+

1918

26

1919

27

2

1920

64

30

5

1921

65

30

5

1922

67

30

Ale 0 0 0 0 0

No forecasts were issued on January 1, February 12, March 4, July 7, 8, 9 and August 6, owing to lack of telegraphic information.

The forecast comprises wind direction, wind force, and weather.

Complete success means correct in three elements. Partial success means correct in only two elements. Partial failure means. correct in only one element. Total failure means correct in no element.

The method of analysis is described in the 1918 Report.

Storm Warnings.-At the request of the Chamber of Com- merce the Hongkong Government adopted the China Seas Storm Signal Code from 1920, June 1, in place of the Hongkong Non- Local Code introduced in 1917. The signals are displayed on Kowloon Signal Hill.

The following Ports are warned by a telegraphic adaptation of the code:-Sharp Peak, Swatow, Amoy, Santuao, Macao, Canton, Wuchow, Phulien, Taihoku, Manila, Labuan, and Singa- pore. 124 storm warnings were sent in 1922 and 141 were received from Manila. 26 were received from Phulien, via Quang Chau Wan Radio Station.

The storm warning service to Pakhoi and Hoihow has been discontinued, as the warnings never arrive in time to be of any use.

F 8-

Local typhoon signals are exhibited on the Observatory radio mast and repeated at the Harbour Office, H.M.S. Tamar, Green Island, the Godown Company, (Kowloon), Lyemun, and Lai Chi Kok, during the day.

The local night signals are exhibited on the Observatory Radio Mast and repeated on the tower of the Kowloon Railway Station, on H.M.S. Tamar, and at the Harbour Office.

A translation of the non-local and local storm warnings is exhibited at the Harbour Office, the General Post Office and the Star Ferry Piers and also sent to the Cape d'Aguilar Radio station, whence it is broadcast at about noon aud repeated every two hours until midnight. If a second warning is issued during the day, the later warning is substituted.

When a local storm warning is displayed at the Observatory a cone is exhibited at several outlying stations for the benefit of native craft and passing ocean vessels.

In the following table is given the number of hours the local signals were hoisted in each of the years 1918-1922.

Red Signals.

Black Signals.

Bombs. *

Year.

Number of hours hoisted.

Number of times fired.

1918

33

102

I

1919

78

195

I

1920

107

156

1921

94

12 I

:

1922

181

154

:

The figures in the above table include the number of hours that night signals, correspondiug to the day signals, were hoisted.

The red signals indicate that a depression exists which may possibly cause a gale at Hongkong within 24 hours. The black signals indicate that a gale is expected at Hongkong.

*Three bombs fired at intervals of 10 seconds indicate that wind of typhoon force is anticipated.

1

i

F 9

VI.-METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS FROM SHIPS,

TREATY PORTS, &C.

Logs received.—In addition to meteorological registers kept at about 40 stations in China, meteorological logs were received from 172 ships operating in the Far East. These logs, representing 5,763 days' observations, have been utilised for verifying tpyhoon tracks. The corresponding figures for the year 1921 were 168 and 5662.

Comparison of Barometers.-The corrections to ships' barome- ters are usually obtained by comparing their readings while at Hongkong with those of the Observatory Standard. Occasionally ship captains bring their barometers to the Observatory to be compared with the Observatory Standard.

VII. MAGNETIC OBSERVATIONS.

Horizontal force, declination, and dip are observed once a month. In the dip observations 4 needles are used in rotation, the result for each mouth being the mean of determinations with two needles.

In the following table are given the annual values of the magnetic elements in 1922, as derived from observations made in the new magnetic hut with magnetometer Elliott 83 and dip circle Dover 71:-

Declination (west)

Dip (north)

Horizontal Force (C. G. S. unit). Vertical Force (C. G. S. unit)

Total Force (C. G. S. unit)

1922.

0'215

30-46·0

0'37279

0'22194

0'43386

During the eclipse of the Sun on September 21, observations of magnetic declination were made every minute by Colonel and Mrs. Roberts, Messrs. Claxton, Jeffries, Evans, Badan Singh and Yuen Lai Sang. The observations were forwarded to Dr. Bauer, Director of the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism of the Carnegie Institute, who is collecting information from all parts of the world for determining the effect of the eclipse on the earth's magnetism.

VIII.-TIME BALL.

Time Ball.-Prior to 1920, January 1, the Time Ball on Kowloon Signal Hill was dropped daily at 1 p.m. (120th Meridian Time). It is now dropped at 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. and daily, except on Saturdays when it is dropped at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m., and on Sundays and Holidays when it is dropped at 10 a.m. only.

?

F 10

The Ball is hoisted half mast at the 55th minute and full mast at the 57th minute. If the ball fails to drop at the correct time it is lowered at 5 minutes past the hour and the ordinary routine repeated at the following hour, if possible.

When the Time Ball is.out of order the above routine is carried out with flag "z", on the storm signal mast.

Time Signals are also given at night by means of three white lamps mounted vertically on the Observatory radio mast. From 8h. 56m. Os. to 9h. Om. Os. p.m. the lamps are extinguished momentarily at the even seconds, except at the 2nd, 28th, 50th, 52nd, and 54th of each minute. The hours refer to Hongkong Standard Time (8 hours East of Greenwich).

The Time Ball was dropped successfully 653 times. There were 4 failures attributable to electrical defects, or negligence on the part of the computer on duty in the tower, who was dismissed. On 4 occasions the ball was not raised owing to the prevalence of high winds. The days on which the ball failed were April 1st and 25th, September 4th and 30th. These failures occurred at 10 a.m. and in each case the fault was remedied and the ball dropped at 1.1 a.m.

In the following table is given the number of times different errors occurred in the years 1921 and 1922:-

Number of Times.

Error.

1921

1922

03 sec. or less

573

0'4

17

34

0'5

·6

I I

633

10

6

""

I 2

26

2

7

8

0'9

I'O

I'I

""

""

وو

""

1'3

"

15

99

1.6 1.8

39

2'0

39

4

+ N

I

2

I

2

2

2

2

2

I

+4~ ~ ~ ~ ~ H

The nean probable error of the time ball in each month for the past five years is given in the following table :-

Probable Error of the Time Ball.

Mouth.

1918

1919

1920

1921

1922

January,

February,

13

±0.24 *20

±0.17

±0.25

+0.10

*30

13

*15.

March,.

*15

'I 2

21

44

*12

April..

10

*19

*15

$27

*20

May,

12

*14

*17

.16

ΙΟ

June,

14

14

13

*17

'I I

July,

I I

13

*22

•10

14

Angust,.

26

*15

*I I

*IO

September,

16

•10

24

*20

*15

October,

*12

15

15

10

'IO

November,

12

14

19

10

'17

December,

14

*12

13

II

10

Means,......

±0.14 +0.15 ±0.18 ±0.18 +0.13

Time Signals by Radio Telegraphy.---In addition to the time signals given by the Time Ball, and on the radio mast, signals are sent at 10%. and 21h. by radio telegraphy via Stonecutters. Particulars of the programme are given in the 1918 Report and in Government Notification No. 452 of 12.3.21. The service was transferred from Cape d'Aguilar to Stonecutters on May 1, 1921.

Radio Receiving Set. The radio receiving set was in irregular use throughout the year. 109 comparisons were obtained with the Manila Observatory clock via Cavite, and 27 with the Tokio Observatory clock, via Funabashi.

The mean of the comparisons makes Tokio 0·54 sec. fast and Manila 1·03 secs. fast on Hongkong.

Between July 28th and August 26th Manila was not heard although listened for daily. This may have been due to defects in the receiving apparatus, the adjustments of which are extremely critical. From November 29th to December 26th no signals were heard, in spite of repeated attempts to adjust the apparatus. It was thoroughly overhauled and re-wired on December 22nd and 23rd since when it has worked satisfactorily.

...

The Sicawei time signals (ria Koukaza) were not heard, although listened for on many occasions,

Transit Instrument.-Observations for time were made daily with the 3-inch transit instrument and the Hipp tape chronograph by the Chinese computers, weather permitting.

The number of observations in the years 1921 and 1922 were as follows:-

Transits

Level determination

Azimuth

Collimation....

1921

1922

1,502

1,307

869

696

50

31

37

28

F 12

Transits of the Sun were utilized occasionally.

The azimuth and collimation determinations were made by the Chief and First Assistants from observations of the old south mark. The error so obtained was checked occasionally by observa- tions of polar stars.

Clocks. The performance of the Standard Sidereal clock conformed to no previous experience, and emphasises the necessity for a clock of more modern type, the rate of which may be depended upon during cloudy periods. During the past year cloudy periods (ie. periods without transit observations) have, fortunately, not been prolonged.

In the following table is given the excess of the observed over the computed error after cloudy periods during 1922:—

Date 1922.

Interval without

observations.

Excess of observed over computed error.

January

""

22

February

17

13

22

2

secs.

4

2 days

0*09

2

+

0.14

"7

29

""

15

24

March

9

12

472

35

""

19

27

26

2 "

6

April

3

2

3

21

97

27

W NW N

+ 0.14

0:40 + 0°47

+ 0.06

+0°52

0'09

0'02

+ 045

+ 035

2

""

3

22

May

16

4

31

6

June

7

21

July

14

30

August 5 25

September 6

23

I I

October

5

25

November

7

26

December 6

21

+027+ enen + MAN +mo

"2

2

4

*

3

"

3

"J

4

39

4

+ 0.32

0.12

+ 0.12

+ 0.11 + 0.14

0'04 +0.50

+ 0.32

0'00

0*15 0'46

+ 0.12

59

3

+ 0.10

""

7

""

2

19

3 ""

3

+ 0.06 + 0.14

0.15 0.25

+ 0.03

3

=

F 13

The Dent Mean Time clock (No. 39740) was used through- out the year for dropping the Time Ball, maintaining the electric time service in the Observatory, and sending hourly signals to the Railway, the Post Office, the Telephone Co., and the Eastern Extension Telegraph Co. The clock is corrected daily before 10 a.. and before 4 p.m. by the electric regulating apparatus. Its daily rate is kept below 0.5 sec. by the addition or reinoval of weights from the pendulum.

Chronometer Dent No. 40917 is on loan to the Cape d'Aguilar Radio Station, Dent No. 39946 was returned from the Peak Signal Station on December 9.

Batteries, Power Supply, &c.-The necessary current for the Time Service has been supplied by accumulator batteries, charged as found necessary from the alternating mains of the China Light & Power Co., Ltd. by a rotary converter.

IX.-MISCELLANEOUS.

Seismograph.-The east-west component of the Milne-Shaw seismograph has worked satisfactorily during the year, though there occur occasional dislocations of the register for which no reason can be assigned; also tremor storms and irregular move- ments, both large and small. The pendulum for recording N. S. movements was received in December.

Experiments made on April 20, 21, and 27 indicated that the temperature co-efficient of the seismograph, as regards tilt, is negligible.

144 earthquakes were recorded during the year. The seismograms have been forwarded to the President of the Seismo- logical Committee, Oxford.

An underground room is being built for the reception of both pendulums and the standard clock.

Meteorological Observations at Victoria Peak.-These were so unsatisfactory that they were discontinued in December by order of His Excellency the Governor.

Atmospherics.—The intensity of atmospherics was recorded by the operators at Stonecutters Radio Station, on a scale of 0 to 4, 13 times daily, 8 times on a long wave and 5 times on a short

wave.

From March 12 to the end of the year the intensity and character of atmospherics were also observed by the operators at Cape d'Aguilar Radio Station hourly, on a scale of 0 to 6, the wave length being 600 metres. The maximum hourly intensity occurred at about mid-night in the summer and winter, and at

F 14

about 3 a.m. in the spring and autumn. The minimum intensity occurred at about 9 or 10 a,m. The maximum monthly intensity. 4-29, occurred in May with a shallow secondary maximum, 2.91. in August, and the minimum intensity, 171 in November.

The times are approximate and refer to Hongkong Standard Time (8 hours East of Greenwich).

were

Upper Air Research.-40 flights with pilot balloons made during the year. The results of the observations have been sent to the Commission International pour l'exploration de la hante atmosphere, Kristiania.

The Military Authorities very kindly placed at my disposal the services of two N.C.O.'s of the Corps of Royal Engineers to assist in this work, and two double theodolite ascents were madė, the secondary station being the top of the time-ball tower. As the distance from the Observatory is only 2,055 feet, however, the results were not satisfactory above about 5,000 feet.

It is hoped that a more suitable secondary station may be found.

Up to the time of writing last year's report only two balloons had been found defective. During the past year however many such have been found. In future small monthly shipments will be ordered.

Wind Tables.-Tables for deriving the resultant direction and velocity of the wind from the north and east components were completed in the spring. They give direction from 0° to 360° to single degrees, and velocity, to tenths of a mile, for north and east components from +33 to -33 miles, by tenths of a mile from 3 to 3 miles and by single miles for the remainder. The object of the tables is to obtain the correct quadrant for the direction without mental effort on the part of the computer.

Effect of fan on wet bulb thermograph.-In the following table are given the revised corrections to the readings of an unaspirated wet bulb thermometer in an "Indian shelter to reduce them to those of a whirled thermometer, at different wind velocities, and for different depressions of the wet bulb. The results are based on about 1,500 measures of the effect of an electric fan playing on to the wet bulb thermometer of the thermograph for the last 5 minutes of each hour. Only those hours have been used in which the register is sufficiently smooth to enable the effect of the fan to be measured with certainty.

The corrections are slightly larger than those given in the 1918 Report, indicating that aspiration for one minute is not sufficient. The wind velocity in the table is that recorded by the Beckley anemograph using the old factor 3. The cups of the anemograph are 45 feet above the ground.

Revised corrections to the readings of an unaspirated wet bulb thermometer in an Indian shelter to reduce them to those of a whirled thermometer, at different wind velocities, and for different depressions of the wet bulb,

Wind

Velocity

m.p.h.

0

1

2

I

'2

2

*2

7

1 2

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

7890

0.

I.

I

t-t1 (Fahrenheit)

о

C

I 2

13°

14

£.1

1'7

I'!

1'3

5

1'7

I'I

13

1'7

I'O

1.2

1.3

I'I

6. 0.1

I. I

0.1

.8

ΤΟ

6.

998 56

L.

6.

6.

6.

0.1

6.

O.i

6.

6.

9.

9.

4

5++:

+332

'5

4

I

ལ ས བ ཌ ཌ ༠

I.

0.

10:00 00 00 00 00 - 10 20

9.

S.

9.

1766

3

1 MM N N N

9.

3

3

о

O.

1.

2

2

4

I

'3

'3

*2

4

2

3

I.

1.

I.

I.

*2

I

*2

I.

O.

*2

0.

I

0.1

I. I

1'2

O.I

I'O

I. I

9.

8.1

8.1

C

Q

2.1

2.1

2.4

2.3

WA : 1

...

15°

C

2.6

::

- F 15 -

F 16

Visitors. Rear Admiral Learmouth, the Hydrographer, visited the Obervatory on January 13. Lieut. A. L. B. Carmona, Harbour Master at Macao, came to obtain information concerning the Milne-Shaw Seismograph on September 25, and Professor K. Tamgachi to obtain information concerning the Climate of Hong- kong, on October 11. Sir Keith Smith visited the Observatory on October 10-12 in connection with a projected round the world flight. Professor Kiyogusa Sotome, of the Tokio Observatory, visited the Observatory on November 8, and the Rev. Father Algué S.J., director of the Philippine Weather Bureau, on December 21-22.

50 members of the Chinese Y.M.C.A. were shown over the Observatory on March 18. A class of 35 boys of the Diocesan School on March 28, and another class on March 29. 30 students of the Union Middle School, Canton, were shown over on October 30 and 15 students from St. Stephen's College, Hongkong, on December 7.

Staff.-No change occurred in the European staff. Mr. B. D. Evans, First Assistant, continued to act as Chief Assistant until the return of Mr. C. W. Jeffries on April 14.

The following re-grading of the local staff was approved on January 26-

2 3rd Grade telegraphist-computers

2 4th

2 5th

92

**

"

29

Probationers to receive $60 a month until fit for promotion to 5th grade telegraphist-computers.

The new grading is to be adopted as opportunity offers.

Chu Ip Sheung was appointed probationer telegraphist on January 24. Yuen Lai Sang, who was transferred to the Post Office Department on 1921, December 31, was re-transferred to the Observatory as 4th grade telegraphist-computer on May 1, to replace Wan Sik Wing who had been on 3 months probation but had been found unsuitable.

F 17

Expenditure. The annual expenditure on the Observatory

for the past ten years is as follows:

Year.

Total Expenditure.

Increase.

Decrease.

C.

$

C.

$35 C.

1913

24,255.49

1,660.41

1914

25,398.31

1,142.82

1915

23,233.1 12

2,165.19

1916

21.977-78

1,255.34

1917

26,890.50

4,192.72

1918

20,028.24

a

6,862.26

1919

23,450.57

3,422.33

1920

25,965.66

2,515.09

1921

32,700.51

6,734.85

1922

38,350.10

5,649.59

Acknowledgements.-Acknowledgements are here made to the Directors of Weather Services in the Far East, and the Chinese Maritime Customs authorities, for daily observations and extra observations during typhoon weather, to the Telegraph Companies for transmitting the observations free of charge, to the Commanders of vessels who have furnished meteorological observations by post and by radio telegraphy, to the Directors of the various Observatories and Institutions, and private persons, who have presented their publications to the Library, and to the Observatory staff for the efficient manner in which they have carried out their respective duties.

1923, February 9.

T. F. CLAXTON,

Director.

Appendix G.

REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR OF THE SUPREME COURT FOR THE YEAR 1922.

1.-ORIGINAL JURISDICTION.

Two hundred and twenty nine (229) actions were instituted in this division of the Court during the year 1922, as against 271 in 1921. One hundred and thirty (130) were disposed of during the year, 52 being settled or withdrawn before trial, as against 157 and 74 respectively in 1921. Of the 59 cases which had been set down for trial 24 were disposed of during the year.

One injunction was granted during the year.

The claims amounted to $1,893,921.98.

The debts and damages recovered amount to $771,401.97 as against $685,543 and the equivalent in local currency of $11,682,75 U. S. currency and £249.158. 8d. in 1921.

The fees collected amounted to $11,073.35 as against $12,724.20 in 1921.

Tables setting out in detail the figures contained in this and the following paragraphs are printed at page 0 1, 0 2, Y 2 Y 3 of the Blue Book for the year 1921.

1A.-IN PRIZE.

No action was instituted under this head during the year.

2.SUMMARY JURISDICTION.

One thousand six hundred and eighty-nine (1,689) actions were instituted during the year as against 1,760 in 1921.

The cases were disposed of as follows :-Settled or withdrawn 710, Judgment for the Plaintiff 569, Judgment for the Defendant 23, Non-suited 5, Struck off, Dismissed, or Lapsed 13, and Pending 369 as against 798, 668, 41, 2, 17 and 234 respectively

in 1921.

The claims amounted to $310,577.34 as against $331,423.40 in 1921 and the amounts recovered were $122,871.85 as against $136,457,89 in* 1921.

The number of Rent Distress Warrants issued was 414, representing unpaid rents amounting to $44,640.70 of which $15,604.96 was recovered, as against 509, $40,653.12 and $12,056.70 respectively in 1921.

:

G 2

Three hundred and twenty-seven (327) Warrants were with- drawn on settlement between the parties as against 410 in 1921.

The fees collected amounted to $5,733.35 as against $2,953.50 in 1921.

3.-CRIMINAL JURISDICTION.

There were 93 cases and 130 persons committed for trial at the Criminal Sessions, as against 58 and 77 respectively in 1921.

The number of persons actually indicted was 123, of whom 101 were convicted and 22 were acquitted. Against 7 persons the case was abandoned. In 1921 the figures were respectively 73, 54, 19 and 4.

4.APPELLATE JURISDICTION.

Two appeals were lodged during the year, both from the decisions of the Chief Justice.

Of the two appeals one was dismissed, and the other is pending.

Provisional leave to the Privy Council was granted in one case viz :--In the matter of an arbitration between the Yu Fong Steamship Company and H. M. H. Nemazee (O. J. No. 57 of 1922).

5.-ADMIRALTY JURISDICTION,

Six actions were instituted during the year. Two were settled and the others are pending.

The fees collected amounted to $945.45 as against $214.50 in 1921.

6.- BANKRUPTCY JURISDICTION.

Thirteen (13) petitions were filed, 10 being creditors' petitions and 3 debtors' petitions. The figures for 1921 were respectively 19, 10 and 9.

The number of Receiving Orders made was 8, being 5 on creditors' petitions and 3 on debtors' petitions. The figures for 1921 were respectively 7, 3 and 4.

The number of Public Examinations held was 1 as against nil in 1921. There were 5 Adjudications as against 7 in 1921.

No Scheme of Arrangement was put through. Three petitions were withdrawn, 4 bankrupts obtained their discharge, 2 Receiving Orders were rescinded, and 1 petition was dismissed.

- G 3

The estimated assets, in cases where Receiving Orders were made and not subsequently rescinded, were $37,715.55 and the estimated liabilities $356,703.00 as against $24,561.18 and $128,334.43 respectively in 1921.

The fees collected amounted to $3,107.17 as against $1,529.95 in 1921 and the Official Receiver's Commission as Trustee, where no Trustee had been appointed by the Creditors, was $945.45 as against $2,182.65 in 1921.

7.-PROBATE AND ADMINISTRATION.

Two hundred and thirty-one (231) grants were made by the Court being:-

Probate.....

Letters of Administration

113

118

Declarations for Commissioner......... Nil.

231

}

The figures in 1921 were respectively 92, 120 and 2 total 214. The aggregate value of the estates was $11,970,400.00 as against $7,724,350.00 in 1921.

Probate and Estate Duties amounted to $709,614.85, Court Fees to $15,482.60, and Official Administrator's Commission to $2,045.88. The figures in 1921 were, respectively, $332,319.95, $12,296.00 and $1,206.83.

There were 94 Estates vested in or administered by the Official Administrator during the year, representing an aggregate value of $88,389.83. The figures for 1921 were respectively, 97 and $130,822.51.

Twenty-three (23) were wound up during the year, of the total value of $33,441.89 as against 13 in 1921 of the total value of $9,921.56.

Twenty-three (23) new accounts were opened during the year amounting to $16,515.15.

8.-OFFICIAL TRUSTS.

The number of Trust Estates in the hands of the Official Trustees at the end of 1922 was 18 with Trust Funds amounting to $85,643.01 the same as in 1921. No Trust was wound up during the

year, nor was any new Trust opened.

The amount of Commission collected was $70.72 as against $150.03 in 1921.

9.-REGISTRAR OF COMPANIES.

On the 31st December there were 473 companies on the Hong- kong Register, of which 23 were in course of liquidation. During the year 53 new companies were put on the Register and 29 struck off.

G 4

The fees collected in respect of "China" companies amounted to $88,277.69 and those in respect of other companies to $15,263.10.

Two firms were registered under the Chinese Limited Partnership Ordinauce, 1911, and no firm under the Limited Partnership Ordinance, No. 18 of 1912.

Deposits of the total value of $4,110,000.00 have been made by Insurance Companies under Fire and Marine Insurance Companies Deposit Ordinance, 1917.

10.-FEES AND COMMISSION,

The total sum collected during the year by way of fees and commission amounted to $60,488.59 as against $58,830.97 in the previous year.

11. STAFF.

Mr. Justice Gompertz, Puisne Judge, proceeded on leave on 21st April and returned on 4th November, Mr. J. R. Wood, First Police Magistrate, acted as Puisne Judge during the period.

Mr. C. D. Melbourne, Deputy Registrar, went on leave on 21st April and returned on 2nd November. Major C. Willson, First Clerk, Magistracy, acted as Deputy Registrar from 21st April to 22nd October. Thereafter Mr. J. D). Lloyd, Passed Cadet, acted until 2nd November.

Mr. Wong Yui-sham, Librarian, died on 26th July. Mr. Chau Ling-hin, 6th Grade Clerk in the Railway Office, was appointed Librarian,

HUGH A. NISBET, Registrar, Supreme Coun.

28th February, 1923.

:

Table showing total number of Cases dealt with in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the Supreme Court.

(From 1912 to 1922).

Expenditure.

G 5 –

Total

Number

Revenue.

Year.

of cases

dealt with

Percentage of Revenue

to

Total

Increase.

Decrease.

Total

Increase. Decrease. Expenditure.

$

C.

$

C.

C. $ C.

%

1912

1,263

88,346.36

1,644,26

*60,544,30

12,201.81

68.53

1913

898 98,351.02

10,004,66

*63,303.78

2,759.48

1914

1,091 107,780.92

9,429.90

*73,422.69

10,118.91

64.36

68.12

1915

832 110,667.68

2,886.76

*63,382.63

10,040.06

57.27

1916

753 105,252,44

5,415.24 *56,719.68

6,662.95

53.88

1917

764

99,662.88

5,589,56 | *48,334.81

8,384.81

48.48

1918

931

98,281.40

1,381.48*68,032.72

19,697.91

69.22

1919

982

98,844,23

562.83

*61,305.87

6,726.85

62.02

1920

872 113,082.79

14,238,56

*55,957.31

5,348.56

49.48

1921

851 118,782.72

5,699.93

*58,830,97

2,873.66

49.52

1922

827 126,424.34

7,641.62

*60,448.59

1,617.62

47.83

*Not including amounts paid direct to Treasury for fees in respect of Licences to keep Local Registers by the Registrar of Companies under the Companies Ordinance, 1911,

:.

Appendix H.

REPORT OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS FOR THE YEAR 1922.

A

Mr. J. R. Wood acted as Puisne Judge from 22nd April to 5th November and resumed duty as First Police Magistrate and Coroner from 6th November to the end of the year.

Mr. R. E. Lindsell acted as Second Police Magistrate from 1st January to 21st April, and from 6th November, to the end of the year as First Police Magistrate and Coroner from 22nd April to 5th November.

Mr. J. A. Fraser acted as Second Police Magistrate from 22nd April to 12th June.

Mr. E. W. Hamilton acted as Second Police Magistrate from 13th June to 14th November.

Mr. T. W. Ainsworth acted as Second Police Magistrate from 15th September to 22nd September during the absence of Mr. Hamilton (sick in hospital).

The number of cases was 18,221 as compared with 17,374 in 1921 and the revenue was $159,928.50 as compared with $149,195.72 in 1921.

Table I shows the total number of cases tried and the Revenue and Expenditure of the Magistracy for the years 1913-1922.

Table II shows the list of offences tried during the year.

Table III gives an Abstract of cases under cognizance of the Police Magistrates' Courts during the year.

Table IV gives a return of punishments awarded in respect of certain classes of offences during the year.

Table V gives an Abstract of cases brought under cognizance of the Police Magistrates' Courts during a period of the last ten years

21st March, 1923,

J. R. WOOD, Police Magistrate.

Table I.

Table showing total Number of Cases tried in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the

Magistracy for the years 1913 to 1922.

EXPENDITURE.

REVENUE.

YEAR.

Total.

Increase. Decrease.

Total.

Increase.

Decrease.

Total

Number

of Cases

tried.

Percentage

of Ex-

penditure to Revenue.

H 2 -

$

C.

$9

%

1913..

42,867.21*

1,276,23

158,451.56* 59,198.46

...

13,954

27.05

1914..

42,807.15*

60.06

...

92,109.34*

66,342.22

11,034

46'47

1915.

44,041.33* 1,234.18

75,130.13*,

16,979.21

12,263

58:62

1916.

40,642.43*

3,398.90 109,664.82* 34,534.69

15,057

37.06

. 1917.

1918.

38,510.07*

3,132.36 75,391.17*

34,273.65

11,922

51.08

1919.

40,804.18* 2,294.11 40,774.23*

29.95

1920...

1921.

1922.

45,539.94* 4,765,71 21,867.02*

24,694.04*

...

2,827.02

...

69,603.39* 90,851.36* 21,247.97 103,132.51* 12,281.15 23,672.92 149,195.72* 46,063.21 159,928.50*| 10,832.68

...

5,787.78

10,051

58.62

12,998

44.77

15,304

44.15

...

17,374

14.65

18,221

15'44

*Cases tried in New Territories Courts not included.

OFFENCES.

Table II.

POLICE COURTS.

LIST of OFFENCES TRIED during the year 1922.

Accessories and Abettors Ordinance-3 of 1865,

Arms and Ammunition Ordinance-2 of 1900,- Contraventions of regulations made thereunder

No. of

CASES.

No. OF

PRI-

SONERS.

OFFENCES.

No. of

CASES.

NO. OF

PRI-

¡SONE RS.

Brought forward,

238

281

9

Common Law Offences,.

55

71

Copyright Ordinance-11 of 1918,

A

207

241

2

Coroner's Abolition Ordinance-5 of 1888, - Offences under

Asiatic Emigration Ordinance-30 of 1915,

Bankruptcy Ordinance-7 of 1891,- Offences under,

Criminal Intimidation Ordinance-13 of 1920,

19

27

Dangerous Goods Ordinance-1 of 1873,-

Births and Deaths Registration Ordinance-7 of 1896,- Contraventions of regulations made thereunder

Contraventions of.

Deportation Ordinance-25 of 1917,

3853

26

30

103

103

Boarding House Ordinance --23 of 1917,

Dogs Ordinance-5 of 1893,-

Chinese Marriage Preservation Ordinance-42 of 1912,

.1

Contraventions of,

126

126

Coinage Offences Ordinance-7 of 1865,-

Offences relating to the King's gold and silver coin, (Sections 3-12),

Employers and Servants Ordinance-45 of 1902,- ffences under,..

12

14

9

Offences relating to the King's gold and foreign coin, (Sections 15-20),

6

Evidence Ordinance-2 of 1889,-

3

Contraventions of and Offences under,

}

Offences relating to the King's coins, miscellaneous...

Carried forward,.

238

281

Carried forward..

583

659

H 3 -

OFFENCES.

Table II,—Continued.

List of OFFENCES, ETC.,--Continued.

NUMBER No. of

PRI-

OF

CASES. SONERS,

OFFENCES.

NUMBER No. of

OF

PRI-

CASES. SONERS,

H 4

Brought forward,..

Explosive Substance Ordinance-23 of 1913,

Fisheries (Dynamite) Ordinance-4 of 1911, Forgery Ordinance-4 of 1865,- Forgery of Bank notes, (Sections 14-15),

Forgery of Deeds, Wills, Bills of Exchange, etc. (Sections 22-28),

Demanding Property upon forged instruments, (Sec- tion 39),

583 659

30

00

Brought forward,

1,047 | 1,927

2

Holts Wharf Ordinance-3 of 1921,

1

1

2

12 Importation and Exportation Ordinance—32 of 1915,

27

80

Indecent Exhibition Ordinance-3 of 1918,

1

1

Larceny Ordinance-5 of 1865,-

Simple Larceny,

840

881

Larceny of cattle and other animals, (Sections 9-17), of things attached to or growing on land, (Sections 22-28),

10

10

162

206

Larceny from the person and similar Offences,

(Sections 29-37),

389

438

20

*)

Fugitive Offenders Act 1881,-

Proceedings under,

Gambling Ordinance-2 of 1891,-

Contraventions of and Offences under, ...

Gunpowder and Fireworks Ordinance-14 of 1901,- Contraventions of and rules made thereunder,

Carried forward,

425 1,212

2

1.047 | 1,927

Sacrilege Burglary and house breaking, (Sections 38—47),

Larceny in dwelling houses, (Sections 48-49),

or embezzlement by clerks, servants, &c., (Sections 54-60),

Frauds by bankers, agents, &c., (Sections 62—74),. Obtaining property by false pretences,(Sections75–78), Receiving stolen property, (Sections 79--87),

Curried forward,.

24

42

30

3

تات

;"

Seat **

43

32

34

34

6

7

62

73

65

81

Forgery Ordinance-No. 11 of 1922,

2,716 | 8,764

OFFENCES.

Table II,-Continued.

LIST of OFFENCES, ETC.,—Continued.

NUMBER No. of

PRI-

OF

CASES. SONERS.

OFFENCES.

NUMBER NO. OF

OF

PRI-

CASES. SONERS.

- H 5

Brought forward,

2,716 | 3,764

Brought forward,.

6,759 8,068

Licensing Ordinance-8 of 1887,-

Contraventions of and Offences under,

Medical Registration Ordinance-1 of 1884,

1 1

"

Regulations made thereunder,

2,617 | 2,639 323 330

Merchandise Marks Ordinance-1 of 1890,— Contraventions of and Offences under,

6

Liquor Licence Ordinance-9 of 1911,-- Contraventions of and Offences under

Part I,

Merchant Shipping Ordinance-1 of 1899,-

(Sections 3-40),

70

72

Contraventions of and Offences under Part VI, (Sections 21-30),.

15

16

Magistrates Ordinance-3 of 1890,-

Offences under,...

985

1,198

Misdemeanour Punishment Ordinance-1 of 1898,- Offences under,...

74

76

23

Malicious Damage Ordinance-6 of 1865,-

(Sections 2-9),.

Injuries to crops, trees and vegetable productions,

Injuries by fire to buildings and goods therein,

Miscellaneous injuries, (Sections 42-44),

11

Offences against the person Ordinance-2 of 1865,— Homicide, (Sections 2—9),

22

28

+

Attempt to murder (Sections 10-14),

1

1

35

43

Acts causing or tending to cause danger to life, &c., (Sections 16-31),

37

40

Marine Store Protection Ordinance-13 of 1919,

5

JO

10

Assaults, (Sections 32—43),

374

406

Forcible taking or detention of persons, (Sections

Married Women (Maintenance in case of desertion)|

44-45),

Ordinance-10 of 1905,-

Abominable offences, (Sections 50–54),

01

10

I

Proceedings under,

19

Carried forward,

6,759 8,068

·Carried forward,

7,298 8,653

OFFENCES.

Table II,-Continued.

LIST of OFFENCES, ETC.,-Continued,

No. OF

CASES.

NO OF

PRI-

BONERS.

OFFENCES.

No. of

PRI-

SONERS.

No. of

CASES.

Brought forward..

Offences against the Person (Amendment) Ordinance-9

of 1913,-

7,298 | 8,653

Brought forward,

Prison Ordinance-4 of 1899,-

I

9,276 11,555

Opium Ordinance-4 of 1914,—

Contraventions of Part I.

(Sections 5-18),

113

134

Contraventions of Rules made thereunder,.

Protection of Women and Girls Ordinance-4 of 1897,— Offences under,.

48

54

"

>>

II, (

19—34),

1,749 | 2,689

"3

>:

III, (

35-62),

1

1

Public Health and Buildings Ordinance-1 of 1903,— Contraventions of Part I, (Sections 1-

Opium Ordinance--27 of 1917,

. Order and Cleanliness Ordinance-2 of 1867,

15

15

"1

"

"

11

II. (

III. (

""

7),

8- 95).

96—235),

14

14

322 325

168 168

"

1

2

Pawn Brokers Ordinance-1 of 1860,- Contraventions of,

Pharmacy Ordinance-9 of 1916,

Piracy Prevention Ordinance-23 of 1914,

Police Force Ordinance-11 of 1900,—

Offences under,,

Post Office Ordinance- 6 of 1900,--

Contraventions of and Offences under,

Printers and Publishers Ordinance-4 of 1886,- Contraventions of and Offences under,

Curried forward,

75

75

Failure to comply with B. A. Notice,

34 Public Places Regulation Ordinance-2 of 1870,—

3

Offences under,.

Railway Ordinance-21 of 1909,

Registration of Persons Ordinance-6 of 1916.

7

5

14

17

Regulation of Chinese Ordinance-3 of 1888,— Offences under Part III, (Sections 7-17),

1.

>>

19

"}

V. (

22-28),

12

-2

B

2

Rents Ordinance 1921 and 1922.

8

8

9.276 |11,555

Carried forward,

9,862 12,158

9 H

.

OFFENCES.

Table II,-Continued.

LIST of OFFENCES, ETC.,—Continued.

No. of

CASES.

No. OF

PRI-

SONERS.

OFFENCES.

די

NO. OF

CASES

No. of

PRI-

SONERS

H 7

Brought forward,

Rogue and Vagabond 5 Geo. IV. c. 83,

9,862 12,158

Brought forward.......

|13,991 16,690

Theatres and

Public Performances

Regulation

65

70

Ordinance-18 of 1908.

6

b

Sale of Food and Drugs Ordinance--8 of 1896,- Offences under,.......................

Tobaccos Ordinance-10 of 1916,

267 271

6

Tramways Ordinance-2 of 1883,-

Servant Quarters Ordinance-11 of 1903,-

Offences under............................

+

Contraventions of and Offences under bye-laws,

"}

and regulations made thereunder,

IC

65

Societies Ordinance-47 of 1911,

9

}}

Vagrancy Ordinance-9 of 1897, — Proceedings under,,

32

36

Stamp Ordinance-16 of 1901,-

Offences under.

Offences under,

47

17

Vehicles and Traffic Regulation Ordinance-40 of 1912,-- Contraventions of Regulations made thereunder,

3,2533,388

Stowaways Ordinance-5 of 1903, -

and Offences under,...

568

580

39

37 195

Water Works Ordinance-16 of 1903,-

Summary Offences Ordinance-1 of 1845,-

Contraventions of Regulations made thereunder,

70

74

Nuisances. Trespasses

and Similar Offences,

(Sections 3-21),

3,4273,512

Offences against good order, (Sections 22-35), ...... Possession of stolen goods, (Sectious 36-41), Proceedings under Miscellaneous Provisions, (Sec. tions 41-42,)

287

246 374

310

Weights and Measures Ordinance-2 of 1885, - Contraventions of and Offences under,

19

19

2

2

Wild Birds and Game Preservation Ordinance-6 of 1885, Contraventions of and Offences under,

Suppression of Piracy Ordinance-1 of 1868,--

Undecided Cases,

39

37

Offences under,

1

Carried forward.

|13,991 16,690

TOTAL,

18.260 | 21;116

CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENCES.

Warrants.

Table III.

ABSTRACT of CASES under COGNIZANCE of the POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS during the Year 1922.

CASES, HOW DISPOSED OF, AND THE NUMBER OF MALE AND FEMALE PRISONERS UNDER EACH HEAD,

WRITS ISSUED BY THE POLICE MAGISTRATES DURING THE YEAR.

Ordered to find Security.

ac

- HS --

173

23

5,742 22

10 154

1161

307

100

7,496

56

2

1,177

35

1,728

77

M.

I.

M.

F. M. F. M. F.

M.

F. M. E. M. F.

M. 1.

M. 1. M.

1.

25

55

3

2

10

2

:

20

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

67

:

:

Assaults and other offences against the person, Malicious injuries to property, Gambling, Offences against property other

than malicious injuries to property or predial larceny, Offences against Revenue Acts," Highway Acts, Health Acts, and other Acts relating to the social economy of the Colony,

Offences against Opium Ordin- ance No. 4 of 1914 and No. 6 of 1922,

444 496

225

13

128

23

41

58

29

22

1

425

1,212

1,098 32 77

1,640 1,805 1,324 68 321

4,829

4,394| 3,983|190

214

1,878

2,859 | 2,310| 87

408

34

Offences against Masters and Servants Acts, including Acts relating to indentured coo- lies,,...

Other offences,

14

21

13 1

9,450|10,291 | 9,079|21|

750 23

81

Total,

|18,221 |21,11618,061605| 1,924 72|182

:

:

:

:

:

:

91

15 16

41

2152

19 18

4,188

206

2,733

106

2

1

19

20

10,039

252

115

35

2 20,413

703

5,742 22 10 151

1161

307

100

7,496

21,116

:

* TOTAL MALES AND FEMALES,

* Consisting of Offenders not sentenced to Imprisonment.

1

Table IV.

3.-RETURN of PUNISHMENTS awarded in respect of CERTAIN CLASSES of OFFENCES, during the Year 1922.

PUNISHMENTS.

Assaults

and other

offences

Number of

Description.

each kind

against

the

person.

Malicious

injuries to

property.

Gam-

bling.

inflicted.

Offences against property other than malicious injuries to pro- perty or predial larceny.

Offences against Revenue Acts, Highway Acts, Health Acts, and

other Acts relating to the social economy of the colony.

5,634

Offences against Masters and

Servants Acts,

Other

including Acts

offen-

relating to

ces.

indentured

coolies.

12

8,587

Fines,

15,781

189

29

1,148

182

Imprisonment in lieu

of fine or security,

1,186

11

22

78

904

Peremptory Imprison-

ment,

1,785

36

1,075

Whipping,

167

3883

115

52

Solitary Confinement,...

:

164

- 6 H -

559

2223

:

:

Sentenced to House of

Detention,

32

32

Bound over with or

without Sureties,

141

117

:

:

:

:

22

1

:

Juvenile Offenders'

Prison,

2

2

TOTAL,

19,094

361

32

1,175

1,442

6,706

14

9,364

Exposed in Stocks,

. Year

H 10

Table V.

4.- ABSTRACT of CASES brought under COGNIZANCE of the POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS during a period of ten years 1913-1922.

CASES, HOW Disposed of, AND THE Number of MALE AND FEMALE PRISONERS UNDER EACH HEAD.

Escaped before being

brought for trial at

absconded.

Did not appear

and

Total number of

cases.

ted for

Convicted and punished.

Discharged.

trial at

der of His

Court.

the

Governor.

Committed

Ordered to

Commit- to prison or find security

detained

pending or-

Supreme Excellency

To keep the

peace, to be of

good beha- viour, and to

answer any

charge.

the Ma- gistracy.

Escaped.

Punished for preferring false charge

Undecided.

Total number

or giving false testimony.

of defendants.

2

3

4

10

5

6

M.

F.

M.

F.

M. F.

ཝཱ-ཟེ

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

M.

F.M.

M.

F.

M. F.

M.

F.

1913....

14,218

19,856

641

2,559

181

169 24

25

415

97

1914,

11.192

12,890 267

2,401

115 116

^

18

296

22

1915,

12,263

12,788

305

2,056

111 149

10

~

272

20

1916,... 15.057

1917, ... 11.922

14,881 455

11,727

2,233

96 116

4

10

313

40

441

2,168

92 119

3

248

34

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

19

:

:

12

Total,.. 64,652 72.142 2,109 · 11,417

595 669 43

66 81,544 213

Average per Year.

12,9304 14,428-4 | 4218 | 2,283-4

119 133-8 8-6

13-2 1-6 | 308-8 |42-6

•4

1918, ....

9,805

9,359

373

1,947

127 117

10

1919, ... 12,961

13,788

364

1,662

108 | 146

2

1920, ... 15,267

15,520

517

1,541

119

136

1921, ...

17,374

18,726

695

2,247

151 85

00

1922.

18,585 18,338 614

2,018

76 198

:

Total, 73,942 75,781 2,563

2

الطبع

:

5

9,415

581682 25

11

Averago

per Year,

14,7884 15,146-2 | 512-6

1,883 116-2 136:4

Grand Total for the 10 Years,

10

:

197

41

76

7

143 19

173

246

5

*

:

:

..

:

:

:

*1

+4

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

835

102

2-2

167 20-4

138,594 147,873 4,672

20,8321,176 1,351 68

77

8 | 2,379

315

2

Average

per Year,

13,8594 14,787-3

46 2 2,083-2 | 117-6 135-1 6-8

7.7

8 237-9 61-5

1

2

A

L

22

63

23

23.046

952

15,789 406

48

15,320

446

乾麵

72

17,625 595

42

14,811 570

LO

+1

.5

10

49.4

:

49

39

38

35

333

2

10

2

ة

86,091 2,969

17.218-2593·8

11,665

545

13,678

475

17,380 665

21.275

864

20,835

799

196

84,828 3,271

39-2

2.2

16,965-6654-2

443

12

170,919 6,240

443

1.2

17,091.9 624

Appendix I.

REPORT OF THE LAND OFFICER FOR THE YEAR 1922.

1.-REGISTRATION.

During the year four thousand one hundred and forty-six (4,146) Deeds and Documents were registered under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1844, affecting five thousand four hundred and fifty-five (5,455) lots of land. The total money consideration on sales, mortgages, surrenders and miscellaneous documents amounted to $107,392,435.38 particulars of which are shown in Table 1. The total number of documents registered in the Land Office under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1844 to the end of 1922 was 82,277. The number of Deeds registered each year for the last ten years is shown in Table III.

2.-GRANTS OF LAND.

The total area of land sold and granted on lease during the year was 243 acres 2 roods 263 poles of which 152 acres 2 roods O poles was in respect of lands dealt with by the District Officers; the total area resumed was 102 acres 3 roods 17 poles; the excess of land granted over land resumed during the year was 140 acres 3 roods 9p. This is exclusive of quarries and lands let for short terms or occupied under temporary permits issued by the Public Works Department. Particulars of the grants are shown on page W1 of the Blue Book for 1922.

3. GRANTS OF LEASES.

The number of Crown leases granted during the year was 207 particulars of which are specified in Table II. The number of Crown leases issued each year for the last ten years is shown in Table III.

4.-FEES.

The total amount of fees collected by stamps, exclusive of the New Territories, during the year was $75,640.50 being $1,896.50 less than the previous year. Land registration fees in the New Territories amounted to $4,893.00 and Crown lease fees to $30.00.

The amounts of fees collected under the different headings for the years 1913 to 1922 are shown in Table IV.

5.-CROWN RENT ROLL.

The total Crown Rent due in respect of leased lands in Hong- kong and Kowloon (excluding certain Villages in Hongkong and Kowloon entered in the Village Rent Roll) amounted for the year

Ì 2

ending 25th December to $506,351.37, an increase of $15,562.52 on the previous year. The total amount due in respect of leased lands in the Villages of Hongkong and Kowloon appearing in the Village Rent Roll for the year ending 30th September was $3,342.45, a decrease of $70.50 on the previous year due mainly to the resump- tions at Hok Un, Kau Pui Shek and Tung Lo Wan. The total number of lots of Crown Land appearing in the Rent Rolls with the total Rents is shown in Table V.

6.--NOISY AND OFFENSIVE TRADES.

One hundred and three licences were granted to Crown Lessees under the provisions of the Crown leases to carry on offensive trades on their premises in cases where such licences were recom- mended by the Sanitary Department.

7.--BUILDING COVENANTS.

In six cases applications by Crown lessees for extension of time in which to comply with the Building Covenant or stipulation in their Crown leases or grants were granted on payment of penalties and the agreements completed and registered.

8.-MISCELLANEOUS DOCUMENTS.

In addition to the above two hundred and seven Crown leases, and four hundred and seventy-six miscellaneous documents were drawn and completed, the latter including agreements to secure Government Contracts and Purchase Deeds on the resumption of properties by the Crown.

9.-NAVAL AND MILITARY LANDS.

Sai Kung Marine Lot No. 1 was transferred to the Colonial Government it being no longer required by the Admiralty. A portion of the Arsenal Yard required for the improvement of Queen's Road in connection with the Praya East Reclamation Scheme has been transferred to the Colonial Government by the Admiralty in exchange for a portion of the reclamation. A strip of land formerly portion of Kowloon East Battery which is required in connection with developments at Hunghom has been transferred to the Colonial Government by the War Department.

The Colonial Government has acquired the remainder of the old North Point Battery from the War Department. Instruments of transfer giving effect to these matters have been prepared and recorded here.

10.-STAMP DUTY.

Stamp Duty paid on registered documents exclusive of Probates and Letters of Administration registered amounted to $521,968.50 Stamp Duty on Probates and Letters of Administration registered amounted to $149,867.80.

I 3

11.-STAFF.

Mr. H. K. Holmes acted as Land Officer until the 26th February when Mr. Philip Jacks resumed duty on return from leave, Mr. H. K. Holmes was transferred to the Crown Solicitor's Office on the 29th March and subsequently appointed Crown Solicitor.

Mr. T. M. Hazlerigg acted as Assistant Land Officer in addition to his other duties from the 29th March until the end of the year, Lt. Col. F. Eaves, D.S.O., has been appointed Assistant Land Officer in succession to Mr. H. K. Holmes.

Mr. Li Kung-shan who has been in this office for about 18 years was promoted to be a IV Grade clerk in July.

23rd April, 1923.

PHILIP JACKS,

Land Officer.

Marine.

Inland.

I 1

Table I.

Particulars of Deeds and Documents registered in the Land Office.

No. of Lots

Description of

Number

or portions

Documents.

Registered.

of Lots affected.

Total Consideration.

Assignments.

1,437

1,672

$ 44,173,504.81

C.

Mortgages and Transfers of

Mortgages

1,150

1,516

38,264,255.82

Reassignments and Satis-

faction

997

1,263

23,799,996.50

Surrenders....

73

98

150,677.25

Judgments and Orders of

Court

39

59

6,000.00

Probates and Letters of

Administration

89

356

Miscellaneous Documents

361

491

998,001.00

Total

4,146

5,455

107,392,435.58

17 26

11

Table II.

Crown Leases granted during the year 1922.

Hongkong.

CO

3

2

Q

Kowloon.

Inland.

Hunghom.

New Kowloon.

New

Territories.

10

1

94 12 25

4

207

Total.

I 5

Table III.

Number of Deeds registered and Crown Leases issued during the year from 1912 to 1922.

Year.

Deeds Registered.

Crown Leases Issued.

1913

2,814

118

1914

2,433

66

1915

2,154

166

1916

2,670

118

1917

2,824

135

1918

2,922

117

1919

3,021

114

1920

3,405

74

1921

4,466

84

1922

4,146

207

Table IV.

Fees collected during the years from 1913 to 1922.

Registration Searches and

Grants

Year.

of Deeds.

Copies of Documents.

of Leases

Total.

C.

C.

C.

C.

1913.........

45,018.00

3,530.50

3,670.00

52,218.50

1914..

38,362.00

3,200,25

2,450.00

44,012.25

1915..

32,305.00

2,719.00

5,455.00.

40.479.00

1916

42,070.00

3,368.25

3,960.00

49,398.25

1917

43,478.00

3,199.75

4,370.00

51,047.75

1918.

45,225.00

3,399.35

3,505.00

52,129.35

1919

45,896.00

3,486.90

3,102.00

52,484.90

1920.

52,569.00

3,849.75

2,870.00

59,288.75

1921

70,617.00

4,235.00

2,685.00

77,537.00

1922.

65,407.00

4,683.50

5,550.00

75,640.00

I 6

Table V.

Crown Rent Roll.

Locality and Description.

No. of Lots.

Total Crown Rent.

C.

Victoria Marine Lot

348

Praya Reclamation Marine Lot Inland Lot

76

1,934

77,855.33

8,161.91 197,066.77

Quarry Bay Marinė Lot

2

18,458.00

Quarry Bay Inland Lot

13

4,098 00

Victoria Farm Lot

""

Garden Lot

36

2,396.53

47

1,214.00

Rural Building Lot

178

21,636.21

Signalling Station

Aberdeen Marine Lot

1

1.00

5

579.16

""

Inland Lot

72

2,227.28

Aplichan Marine Lot

Inland Lot

24

156.6±

36

238.64

Shaukiwan Marine Lot

10

1,928.00

Inland Lot...

190

3,593.40

Stanley Inland Lot

4

4.00

Kowloon Marine Lot

51

44,416.13

Inland Lot

1.002

29

63,288.76

**

Farm Lot

Hung Hom Marine Lot

"

Inland Lot

Shek O Inland Lot Tai Tam Inland Lot Tong Po Inland Lot

New Kowloon Marine Lot

""

Inland Lot

Farm Lot

90.08

2

6,140.00

194

10,707.50

3

9.00

1

1.00

1.00

20,442.00

324

??

Rural Building Lot

Tai Po Inland Lot

Fan Ling Lot

Sheung Shui Lot

Sai Kung Inland Lot Ping Chau Farm Lot Mining Lot

00 --- -- 00 10 00 – 01

15,209.00 1,083.00 42.00 480.00

1,192.00 548.00

500.00

3

225.00 2,862.00

Total........

4,591

506,351.37

I 7

Village Rent Roll.

Locality and Description.

No. of Lots.

Total

Crown Rent.

ཚ་

C.

Wongneichung

128

224.50

Aberdeen

23

83.50

Pokfulam

24

28.25

Tai Hang

163

641.50

Ah Kung Ngam

25

18.25

Shaukiwan

36

22.50

Tai Kok Tsui

10

16.00

Mong Kok.....

45

98.50

Hok Un

82

243.00

Tokwawan

187

328.00

Shek Shan

31

69.00

Sun Shan

18

59.50

Mataukok

31

44.50

Mati

5.50

Ho Mun Tin..............

6

17.50

Ma Tau Chung.

35

91.00

Ma Tau Wei.........

158.50

Kau Pui Shek

29.50

Hau Pui Loong

15

53.50

Wong Tsuk Hang

2

34.50

Tai Hang Stream..

17

72.00

Little Hongkong

2

3.00

Tong Po

2

3.50

Stanley

10

19.50

Tytam

1

3.50

Tytam Tuk

3

2.50

Wong Ma Kok

1

2.00

Chai Wan

15.00

Shek O

23.00

Hok Tsui

1.50

Chung Hom Bay

1

3.00

Chinese Joss House, Bowen Road, Victoria

3.00

Aplichau

68

287.00

Tsat Tsz Mui

35

99.00

Telegraph Bay.

Hung Hom West.

Little Hongkong

Shek O

13

43.50

2

6.00

1,581

280,75

1,064

173.20

Hok Tsui

181

34.50

Total

3,952

3,342.45

Appendix J.

REPORT ON THE NEW TERRITORIES

FOR THE YEAR 1922.

A.-NORTHERN DISTRICT.

I. STAFF.

Mr. Tratman was in charge from 1st. January to 14th June and from 8th November to the end of the year. Mr. J. A. Fraser was in charge during the interval. Mr. A. C. Burford, Land Bailiff returned from leave on 18th January and Mr. G. J. Chambers left on 24th March returning on 9th December.

II. MAGISTRACY.

Table A shews the number of cases heard by the District Officer sitting as Police Magistrate and as Judge of the Small Debts Court. The policy with respect to futile "wui" claims, recorded in last year's report, took full effect in 1922 and accounts for the very great reduction in the number of Small Debts cases.

111.-LAND OFFICE.

The number of sales and other transactions affecting land which took place during the year is set out in Table B.

The number of memorials registered was 3,004 as against 3,576 in 1921, the registration fees being $2,739.20 as against $3.163.

The demand for building sites was brisk in most parts of the district. But the feature of the year was the strong com- petition for building sites on the reclamation at the North-West end of Tai Po Market. The increase in depth foreshadowed in last year's report, brought immediate applications for all available lots and at the auction prices were raised from the upset & cents a foot to as much as $1 a foot for the best-placed lots. The lowest price paid was about 40 cents a foot. The total number of building lots sold in the District was 241 as against

159 in 1921.

The terms and conditions for the big salt-water padi reclama- tion between Mai Po and Shan Pui were finally settled towards the end of the year and everything put in train for completion

of the sale.

J 2

IV.-REVENUE.

The revenue collected in this office is set out under the various heads in Table C the total being $159,191.56. Table D gives the revenue collected each year since 1913. To the figures in Table C should be added the following amounts paid by the District, but not through this office.-

Liquor Duties, Sai Kung

Harbour Dues

*

No. 1 Launch,

No. 2

**

No. +

Crown Rents paid to Treasury,

Tobacco Duties,

...

4.725.12

2.179.75

3,510.35

1,657.23

2,745.45

-..

5,172.00

...11.642.14

Licences,

Total,

D

...

:..

144.00

$31,776.04

The total revenue from the Northern District during 1922 was therefore $190,967.60 as against $153,567.55 in 1921. The increase was chiefly due to the high premia for land at Tai Po

Market mentioned above.

V.-GENERAL.

Crops. The first padi crop was fairly good, but the second was 30 to 40% below average, partly owing to lack of water and partly to the ravages of locusts. Tai Po, Kam Tin and Shap Pat Heung were chief sufferers from these pests.

The potato crop was exceptionally good, the plentiful supply sending the price down to 50 cents a picul as against $1.50 in 1921.

Crime. The record of serious crime for the year was excep- tionally light-one murder, six armed robberies and one man- slaughter. The murder was the outcome of a smugglers' quarrel among the boats that haunt the water frontier at Deep Bay. Two of the armed robberies were further piracies of the Sha U Chung ferry launch. Of the other 4, only one was of a serious nature.

Afforestation. The scheme for the afforestation of denuded areas by the local villagers made little or no progress. In every case the undertaking has remained the enterprise of individuals, the community at large being at best apathetic. In several cases (Lin Au, U Kwai Sha, Tsai Kek) active hostility was shewn, the plantations being wantonly destroyed by unknown persons. The reason for this vandalism lies mainly in the fact that ownership of trees involves a certain control by their owner over the land in which they are planted and although the waste lands round villages are now technically the property of the Crown the

J 3

villagers continue to regard' them as theirs and resent encroach- ments by individuals accordingly.

The net result of the scheme is that a few hundreds of not very thriving trees (chiefly Eucalyptus), have been planted, the majority of them in districts already well wooded. The prospects of serious re-afforestation by their means are nil. The enthusiasm is too feeble to counteract the forces which have caused the denudation, viz: grass-cutting, cattle-grazing and hill-fires. It would seem better to abandon the scheme and devote the subsidies to direct work by Government. A small vote might be retained for the purchase of pine, camphor and eucalyptus seed to be given free of charge to any bona fide applicant.

Water Supplies.-The pipe line for the new water-service to Tai Po Market was nearly completed by the end of the year and its opening was eagerly anticipated by the inhabitants whose increasing numbers had made the existing well-supplies quite inadequate.

Local Public Works.-Table E gives the works constructed or assisted from this Vote. The large unexpended balance was due to the fact that some $1,200 were reserved for an important bridge in the Shap Pat Heung, which could not be put in hand owing to delay in obtaining the necessary drawings. A portion of this reserve was diverted to other purposes at the end of the year, leaving the balance shewn,

Rainfall.-Table F gives the rainfall for the year at Tai Po and the average for the preceding 5 years.

20th April, 1923.

D. W. TRATMAN, District Officer, North.

J 4

Table A.

POLICE COURT.

AVERAGE FROM

1922.

1917-1921.

Cases heard...

311

251

Persons brought before the Magistrate

441

453

Persons convicted and punished

286

299

Persons bound over

41

46

Persons discharged.

Persons committed...

Persons imprisoned

98

100

16

80

110

Fines inflicted.........

$1,276.50

$1,630.44

Warrants executed........

43

13

!

SMALL DEBTS COURT.

Cases heard....

62

253

Writs of Execution

28

232

Heading.

Permits, Li- cences etc.

No. of Sales,

No. of Lots.

Table B.

Area in Acre.

ि

Increase of Annual Rent.

Sales of Land for Agriculture...

Brick-kiln and Yard

༢༣༠༢

2

27.07 s. L.

.98

31.10

SA

$

1,951.00

S

کو

B

75

"3

Building

241

8.10

1.10

851.50

108.00

75

38,956,00

Garden

262

1.23

1.30

134.00

""

aaaa

75

Grave

.23

11.50

100,00

$9

>>

75

Orchard

2

.74

.90

82.00

}}

Threshing floor

10

09

1.50

100.00

75

Extension for Building

.03

1.50

24.00

75

"

Conversions

.41

19.59

166.42

11

75

Exchanges

33.69

>>

75

Encroachment for foot path

2.00

Permits to occupy Land for Agriculture

183

85.39

312.48

1

>>

Permits to occupy Land for Agriculture

18

9.52

29.31

5

other than Agriculture.

59

*25

"}

77

461,10

*A

Decrease of Annual Rent.

Amount of Premia, Fees, etc.

Amount paid

for Resump- tion of Land.

Term of Years.

J 5 -

Remarks.

Heading.

No. of Sales,

Permits, Li- cences etc.

No. of Lots.

Table B,-Continued.

Area in Acre.

Stone Quarry Leases

Surrenders

Re-entries,

1

Resumptions

187

2588

51

76.00 acres.

.71

84

4.70

24.18

Stone Quarry Permits

123

Permits to cut Earth, etc.

136

Matshed Permits

122

1.65

""

Ferry Licences

5

Forestry Licences

495

31,126,30

Pineapple Land Leases

24

7.59

"

Water-wheel Licences

2

Grave Certificates

117

Deeds Registration and Fees

3,004

**A

Increase of Annual Rent.

A

C.

Decrease of

Annual Rent.

Amount of Premia, Fees, etc.

Amount paid for Resump- tion of Land.

Term of Years.

C.

2,250.00

C.

16.10

32.42

27.00

4,021.43

270.00

195.00

· 360.50

9.00

3,112.63

22.77

2.00

51.25

2,739.20

Remarks.

J 6 -

J 7

Table C.

Crown Rent, (Leased Lands), . Kerosene Oil Licences....

...

Chinese Wine & Spirit Licences, Distillery Licences,

Pawnbrokers' Licences,

Money Changers' Licences,

Revenue

for 1922.

$.

84.826.09

Average of

Revenue for

1917-1921.

$1.750.97

336.00

297.80

4,050.00

3.742.50

2,590.75

2,515.95

1,200.00

880.00

£60.00

576.00

Fines,

1.276.50

1,630.45

"

Reward Fund, (Opium),

134.00

201.60

**

(Liquor

and Tobacco),

224.00

30.00

Forfeitures,

100.93

698.85

وو

(Land Sales).

30.00

40.00

Distress Warrants,

26.00

155.60

(Crown Rent),

63.00

12.60

Courts Fees,

3.60

Nil.

House Rent,

NU.

680.36

Liquor Duties,

11.546.93

Arms Fine Fund.

Nil.

Arrears of Revenue..

Na.

8.809.89

64.40

.20

Rent of Government Furniture,

Nil.

24.20

Other Miscellaneous Receipts,...

10.00

Nil.

Forestry Licences,

3.112.63

3.141.11

Permits to cut Earth, etc.,

195.00

121.60

Mining Licences,

Nil.

50.00

Grave Certificates,

51.25

66.55

Pine-apple Land Leases,

22.77

33.28

Matshed Permits,

360.50

161.00

Permits to occupy Land,

1,151.99

513.06

Stone Quarry Permits,

270.00

207.40

Stone Quarry Leases,

2,250.00

668.36

Water Wheel Licences,

2.00

3.40

Ferry Licences,..

9.00

9.00

Certified Extracts,.

118.00

120.00

Sunprints,

80.00

68.40

Premia on Land Sales,,

41.621.42

8,357.02

Stamps for Deeds,....

2.739.20

2.198.46

Boundary Stones,

Nit.

58.00

Deposit not Available,

Nil.

352.80

Crown Leases,

30.00

18.00

Old Building...

Nil.

40.00

Total,....

159,191.56

$118,298.81

J 8

Table D:

Revenue collected from 1913-1922.

1913

.$111,301.72

1918..

.$120,244.93

1914.

108,455.14

1919...

117,174.51

1915..

112,075.71

1920.....

115,865.45

1916..

174.153.77

1921

121,080.38

1917..

117,095.84

1922...

159,191.56

Table E.

LOCAL PUBLIC WORKS, 1922.

New Works.

$

Lam T'sün Road, top section, including one large bridge,

500.00

Bridge at Sin Hang (final payment), ... ...

719.15

Concrete stepping stones across the stream at Ho Chúng, 240.00

Stone wall for irrigation work at Chuk Yuen.

907.00

Fire Engine house at Tai Po Market,

700.00

Path at Nam Chúng, Cheng Uk, ...

20.00

Repairs.

Road between Chim Uk and Li Uk at Shün Wan,

200.00

Lam T'sün Road, Tsai K'ek section,

150.00

...

Road from Toi Shan to Kam Tin, including one large

bridge and several minor ones,

500.00

Bridge on road to Tai Po Old Market,

8.50

No. 8 frontier boundary-stone at Sha Táu Kok,

15.00

Road between P'ó Sam Pai and Teng Kok,

150.00

Bridge on road from Wo Hang to Luk Keng, Path at Pó Sam Pai,

Unexpended,

250.00

60.00

580.00

$5,000,00

J 9

Table F.

Rainfall at Tai Po Police Station.

1922.

Average 1917-1921.

inches.

inches.

January

15:46

January.....

32

February

7.68

February

2.01

March

7:03 March

2.77

April

2:17

April

6.63

May

8.64

May

16.25

June..........

16.46

June

19.43

July

17.03

July

23.12

August...

19.50

August

24.19

September

9.88

September

8.67

October

1:37

October

2.53

November

November

3.54

December

•80

December

.82

Total ......... 103-02

Total Average... 110.58

J 10

B.-SOUTHERN DISTRICT.

1.—STAFF. * .

I was in charge of the office until June 15th, when Mr. E. I. Wynne-Jones took over and acted until November 14th, when I resumed charge and acted until the close of the year. During the absence of Mr. Wynne Jones on sick leave from 13th August to 18th September, Mr. Schofield acted as District Officer, in addition to his duties in the Chinese Secretariat.

Mr. Man Ching-hei Shroff, absconded on 19th April and Mr. Tang Ting-chan was appointed on probation to fill his post ou 5th May. Mr. Wei Sun went on sick leave on 26th August and had not recovered sufficiently to resume his duties before the end of the year. Mr. Wei's long and faithful service in this Department is. well known to past District Officers and much regret will be felt on account of his continued ill-health.

2.-MAGISTRACY.

The District Officer sitting as Police Magistrate heard during the year 127 cases affecting 242 persons. 173 persons were convicted or bound over, 22 were discharged and 47 imprisoned. The following table gives a comparison with 1920 and 1921.

1920.

1921.

1922.

No. of cases

.115

161

127

No. of persons affected..

..172

261

242

No. of persons convicted or bound over..108

155

173

No. of persons discharged

26

40

22

No. of persons imprisoned

38

66

47

Fines

$459.17 $1,455,25 $1,705.85

Arms Fines

$275.00 $25.00

$150.00

Forfeitures

$61,30

$190.00

$183.25

3.-SMALL DEBTS COURT.

56 cases were instituted during the year as compared with 75 in 1921 and 115 in 1920, and thus the decrease in numbers was maintained. Undoubtedly the economic improvement of the district has been a great factor in this. Moreover, cases, in which default on Money-loan Associations featured, were discouraged as far as could be done with justice to the parties concerned. In general. I see no reason to reconsider the views I expressed in my report for 1921.

4.- LAND OFFICE,

The number of land sales and other transactions affecting land which took place in 1922 are set forth in Table A. 1,423 deeds were registered during the year as compared with 1520 in 1921. Regis- tration fees for 1922 were $4,892.80 as compared with $3,529,00 in 1921.

J 11

5.-REVENUE,

The total revenue collected by the District Officer is shown in Table B. The decrease in the rates is due to the fact that their collection was transferred to the Treasury in October. Table C gives details of revenue collected in Licence fees by the Police in 1921 and 1922.

Table D shows the revenue collected in 1921 and 1922 in the District by all Departments other than the District Office and includes the totals in Table C.

Table E shows comparatively the total revenue collected from the Southern District by all Departments during the last three

years.

6.- LIQUOR.

Liquor duties were collected in the Southern District during 1922 amounting to $145,610.71. The total for 1921 was $140,900.85. The chief sources of this revenue are given in the following Table which shows comparatively the totals of the last three years.

No, of Revenue Distilleries!

District.

in 1922.

1920.

Revenue 1921.

Revenue

1922.

Sham Shui Po

23,335.00

37,379.0042,993.54

Kowloon City

1

Tsun Wan

11

15,010.00 19,112.00 18,030,60 764.00, 60,266.00 | 68,223.36

Kwai Chung

17,461.00

11,779.00

11,086.67

Kap Shui Mun..

70.00

178.00

189.60

Cheung Chau

4.419.00

2.441.00

1,292.90

Tai O

1,626,00

2.518.00

1,243.52

Hang Hau.

244.00

1,475.00

2,385.92

Po Toi

34.00

17.92

Tsing I....

63.00

116.00

91.00

Mang Kung Uk

55.68

VII-GENERAL,

Again in 1922 the Southern District has in the main experienc- ed a prosperous year. There has accordingly been a marked decrease in the number of disputes brought to the notice of the District · Officer.

Tai 0.-Business was extremely good during the year under review. The fishing season was also good, very nearly the same amount as during 1921 being taken, which was disposed of at a slightly higher rate. Two thousand piculs less of salt were produc- ed, but the pans are all in good order and are, I think, doing profitable business. The rice and sweet potato crops were better than in the previous year. They are all consumed locally. All

J 12

the stalls in the market are let. Early in the year the people of Shek Pik Wai applied for permission to thin the woods surround- ing the village. Inspection showed that the trees did shut the village in very much and permission was given to cut all the secondary growth, while the Superintendent of the Botanical and Forestry Department stationed a forester in the place to safeguard all fairsized trees. The clearing work has resulted in the admission of far more sunlight and fresh-air into the village.

Cheung Chau.-The fishing season was even better than in 1921, and the padi crops in the district were both good. The market stalls were all occupied and the year has been on the whole a quiet and prosperous one. A second launch was put on the ferry run during the summer and is still maintained. It has proved a great convenience to the residents and enables Hongkong residents to visit the island for part of the day-which, with the old schedule of ene launch running, was previously impossible. There were 187 deaths during the year, all Chinese.

The Island's popularity as a summer holiday resort increases and a few Europeans spend the whole year there. The Association is now called "The Cheung Chau Residents' Association.

No new houses were erected in the Reservation in 1922, but the local roads were considerably improved and extended, and a grant of $110 in aid of this was made by Government. It has been decided to erect an Assembly Hall for Religious, Social, and Educational purposes, and a site has been granted by Government at a nominal rent. Plans have been presented to the Association and a building $6,000 in cost is to be erected. Before the end of the year $4,000 of this sum had already been procured.

Tsun Wan.-The Padi Crops were good and show an increase of some 1,000 piculs in yield, with an average price of ten cents a picul above last year's figures. The pine-apple crop failed in places but the prices obtained ranked a good deal higher than in 1921. The lime kiln business in Tsing Yi island is increasing, about 35,490 piculs being produced as against 14,700 for 1921 ; the price remained steady. Two more lime kilns are in the course of construction there. The locality has been quiet, and there have been no cases of bankrupt money-loan Associations to deal with. It is impossible at present to forecast the future of a camphor- growing experiment which a Hongkong merchant is carrying out over a large belt of the island of Tsing Yi. A good deal of capital has to be invested, and this for several years returns no yield what- ever, while maintenance charges are high and continuous. Given however the availability of such capital, I see no reason why such enterprises should not eventually prove successful in certain parts of the New Territory.

Ping Chau.-The lime kilns are all prosperous and accordingly times here are good. One abortive armed robbery was reported but I am doubtful if the case was genuine.

Lamma.-The year was fairly prosperous. The banana crop was far better than in 1921 but there was a diminution in the

J 13

--

number of eggs sent in to Hongkong. The Police Station at Yeung Shu Wan has been closed and the island is now under the control of the Water Police. Things have been as peaceable as usual, save for one atrocious murder in which a man and several women were killed. The matter remains a mystery at present. -

The New Water Works Scheme.-The absolute necessity for expanding the water supply of the Colony has led to a vast new scheme for Reservoirs and Catchment areas on the Southern and Eastern Slopes of Tai Mo Shan. The village of Shek Li Pui and those situated in the Shing Mun Valley will have to go, but the Government is taking special steps to secure the future welfare of the communities whose present homes must be removed for the general benefit of the whole Colony.

19th March, 1923.

E. W. HAMILTON, District Officer, South.

Table A.

No. of

Sales,

No. Area

Increase

Decrease

Amount

of

of

of

Headings.

Permits, of Liconees,

}]]

Crown

Crown

Premia,

Lois. Acres.

Rent.

Rent.

Fees, &c.

&c.

Amount

paid for

Resump-

tion of

Land.

Term

of

years.

- J 14-

کر

Land Sale for Buildings (New Kowloon)

•11

14.00

322.00

**

"

Agriculture (New Kowloon)

1

.03

.20

Land Sale for Buildings (Island)..

18

6.24

337.50

4,557.42

}}

"3

Agriculture (Island)

2

1.86

2.00

205.00

!

Conversions (New Kowloon)

Permits to occupy Land

6

*35

73.10

442.15

(Islands)

12

52

26.50

131

871.93

C.

75

75

KEKEEK:

75

75

75

75

Matshed Permits

Earth Permits

Forestry Licences

612

990.93

317

1,462.00

114

1,719.24

Pineapple Licences Deeds Registered

Resumption Surrender

Re-entry

436

915.58

4,892.80

100

8:41

1

·01

162.17

1.00

14,737.89

33

སྶ

9:07

35.01

J 15

Table B.

Revenue collected by the District Officer, Southern District New Territories.

1921.

1922.

C.

The

C.

Land Sales

6,803.72

5,758.57

Crown Rent

28,418.51 27,010.73

* Assessed Taxes

15,957.24

15,145.54

Lease of Stone Quarries

875.00

850.00.

Forestry Licences

1,664.24

1,719.24

Earth Permits......

1,000.50

1,462.00

Matshed permits....

909.50

990.00

Permits to occupy land.

997.78

871.93

Pineapple Licences

884.89

915.58

Registration Fees

3,529.00

4,892.80

Crown Lease

120.00

30.00

Distress Warrants (Crown Rent)........

21.00

39.00

(Small Debts)....

17.00

6.00

ود

Writs of Summons..

82.00

77.00

Fines (Police Court)

1,455.25

1,705.85

Forfeitures

190.00

183.25

Certified Extracts

13.00

25.00

Grave Certificates

.7.00

9.25

Miscellaneous Receipts

103.29

D.O. S Deposit Interest..

77.90

117.04

Legal Costs.....

2.50

7.50

Sunprint Plans

60,00

55.00

Boundary Stones

34.70

153.00

Water Wheel Licences

27.00

25.00

Arms Fine Fund

25.00

150.00

Market Fees

1,079.27

1,187.47

Total

$64,355.29 $63,386.75

* Collection transferred to the Treasury on October 1st,

Table C.

Licence Fees collected by the Police Department.

Money

Station.

Distilleries.

Wine and

Spirit.

Kerosene.

Eating:

House.

Pawn

Dogs.

Chan-

Total.

Brokers.

gers.

J 16

C.

C.

$

****

£f

$

1921

Kowloon City

2,800,00

56

201

3,000

1922

800.00

3,150,00

50

40

300

1,500

6,080.00

5,846.00

1921

600.00

4,800.00

48

70

237

6,000

100

11,855.00

Sham Shui Po

1922

1.200.00

6,000,00

42

145

879

7,000

15,266.00

1921

50.00

525.00

56

400

40

1,071,00

Tai O

1922

25.00

650.00

60

400

40

1,175.00

1921

75.00

950.00

68

800

40

1,933.00

Cheung Chau

1922

75.00

875.00

64

800

60

1,974.00

1921

373.00

415.00

34

822.00

Tsun Wan

-

1922

520.00

425.00

24

969.00

Lamma Island and f 1921

400.00

75.00

38

1,500

2,013.00

Yung Shu Wan - \

1922

400.00

75.00

42

1,500

2,018.00

1921 $1,498.00

9,565.00

300

105

426

11,700

180

23,774.00

Total

1922 $3,020.00 11,175,00 288

185

1,179

11,200

100

27,1-47.00

J 17

Table D.

Revenue collected through Other Departments from the

New Territories, Southern District.

1921.

1922.

C.

C.

Treasury, Village Rates (Oct. to Dec.)..................

(Crown Rent for Inland Lots)... (Quarries in New Kowloon)

11,637.07

28,905.04

28,996.26

18,269.50

14.053.52

Harbour Office, (Harbour Dues, Stake Nets,

&c.)

24,115.15 17.813.40

Police, (Licence Fees)...

23,774.00* 27,147.00*

Imports and Exports Office, (Liquor Duties) 140,900.85 145,610.71

* See Table C.

Total,...

Table E.

$235,964.54 $245,257.96

Total Revenue collected from Southern District.

New Territories, during the last three years.

By District Office,

1920.

1921.

1922.

e.

$ (.

$ C.

56,351.51

64,355.29

63,386.75

183,632.76

235.964.54 245,257.96†

Total,

$239,984.27 $300,319.83 $308,644.71

By Other Departments,

† See Table D.

Appendix K.

REPORT OF THE CAPTAIN SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE FOR THE YEAR 1922,

SUMMARY OF CRIME FOR 1922.

The total of all cases reported to the Police during the year 1922 was 13,939 as against 12,242 in 1921 being an increase of 1,697 or 13-86%. The average for the last five years is 11,416-8.

In the division of these cases into serious and minor offences there appears an increase as compared with 1921 of 130 cases or 315 per cent. in the former and an increase of 1,567 cases or 19:32 per cent. in the latter.

The increase and decrease as compared with 1921 in serious offences are shown as follows :

Increase.

Murder

10

Robbery

127

Burglary and larceny from Dwelling Kidnapping

152

Piracy

Unlawful Possession

Other Felonies

42

17

Ttotl.......

355

Decrease.

Offences against Ordinance for Protection of

Women and Children

Larcenies

35

... 190

Total.......

225

Nett Increase.........

130

Table I shows the number and character of the serious and minor offences reported to the Police during 1921 and 1922 and number of persons convicted and discharged in connection with these offences.

MURDER.

Thirty-five murders were reported to the Police during the year as against 25 in 1921.

K 2

In connection with 27 of these reports no arrest was made and in the remaining 8 cases arrests were made. There were 4 cases in which convictions were obtained (6 persons of whom 5 were convicted and 1 discharged). In 4 cases there was no conviction (7 persons).

MANSLAUGHTER.

Nine manslaughter cases were reported to the Police during the year as against 2 in 1921.

In 2 cases no arrest was made: in the remaining 7 cases arrests were made. In 2 cases convictions were obtained (5 persons of whom 2 were convicted and 3 discharged). In 5 cases there was no conviction (7 persons).

GANG ROBBERIES,

One hundred and twenty-one gang robberies were reported to the Police during the year as against 56 in 1921.

In 106 cases no arrest was made: in the remaining 15 cases arrests were made. In 11 cases convictions were obtained (29 persons of whom 21 were convicted and 8 discharged). In 4 cases there was no conviction (7 persons).

STREET AND HIGHWAY ROBBERIES.

Eighty-seven street and highway robberies were reported to the Police during the year as against 27 in 1921.

In 74 cases, no arrest was made; in the remaining 13 cases arrests were made. In 10 cases convictions were obtained (15 persons of whom 12 were convicted and 3 discharged). In 3 cases there was no conviction (6 persons).

ROBBERIES ON BOATS AND JUNKS.

Eleven cases of robbery on boats and junks were reported to the Police during the year as against 10 in 1921.

In 8 cases, no arrest was made; in the remaining 3 cases arrests were made. In all of these three cases convictions were obtained (6 persons all of whom were convicted).

ROBBERIES WITH VIOLENCE.

Twenty-three cases of robbery with violence were reported to the Police during the year as against 22 in 1921.

In 21 cases, no arrest was made; in the remaining 2 cases arrests were made.

In one of these two cases a conviction was obtained (one person). In the other case, there was no conviction (2 persons).

K 3

OTHER FELONIES.

Under this heading are comprised the following:-

Cutting and wounding.

Demanding money or goods with menaces....... 27

Embezzlement

Forgery

House-breaking

Receiving stolen property

Child stealing.

Indecent assault........

Rape......

Throwing corrosive fluid

Arson or attempted arson..

Shooting with intent to kill

Wounding with intent to murder

1922. 1921.

28

32

11

58

51

19

25

57

48

40

56

3

1

2

4

10

Attempting to murder

Administering poison with intent to murder

Wounding and causing grievous bodily harm

Ι

1

3

Abominable Offence

Act of gross indecency

2

Accessory after the fact of murder

1

Accessory before the fact to kidnapping.

1

Forging valuable securities

1

Gaol Breaking

Uttering forged bank notes

Falsification of accounts

Aiding and abetting in an armed robbery... Having carnal knowledge of a girl

Being in possession of coining machinery

Detaining person to procure a ransom

Being in possession of explosive substance......

266 256

1

1

1

I

1.

1

The number of cases in which convictions were obtained was 105 as against 103 in 1921.

GAMBLING.

One hundred and twenty gambling warrants were executed during the year as against 157 in 1921. There were 6 cases in which no conviction was obtained.

Fourteen were lottery cases, compared with 32 in 1921.

PROPERTY REPORTED STOLEN AND PROPERTY RECOVERED.

The estimated value of property stolen during the year was $882,674.48 as against $376,531.78 in 1921, an increase of $506,142.70.

K 4

The average for the last five years is $492,558.91 an increase on the average report in 1921 of $118,790.46.

The value of property recovered during the year was $81,099.81 as against $34,383.99 in 1921, an increase over property recovered in the previous year of $46,715.82.

LOST PROPERTY.

The following is a return showing property lost or recovered:-

Articles.

Year. reported Value lost.

lost.

Articles recovered and articles found which were not reported lost.

Value of

Articles. found.

1922

355

$34,363.23

95

$3,589.34

1921

394

$21,445.80

131

$3,844.48

PIRACY PREVENTION.

Number of searchers employed under the Prevention of Piracy

Ordinance 1914-

European Sergeants

Chinese Constables

Female Searchers

5

30

ī

1

Female Searchers (Private)

Number of Guards Employed up to 31st December 1922:-

Staff: --One European Sergeant in charge.

One European Lance Sergeant (from November

1922).

One. Indian Sergeant Major.

Steamer Guards (Indian)

Steam Launch Guards (Chinese) Shore Guards (Indian)

...

Shore Guards (Chinese)

-1922, 1921.

284 248 20 28

275 203

Total of Guards enployed

24 17

603 496

Number of vessels which have entered into bond up to 31st

December, 1922;-

Steamers

Steam Launches

Total

:

1922. 1921.

223 205

37

36

260 241

>K 5

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

Weight and

Measures Examined.

Foreign Scales...

Chinese Scales ...

Yard Measures.....

Check Measures

...

:

Total

Correct.

Incorrect.

Total.

32

3

35

...

2,432

40

2,472

677

12

689

1,040

1

1,041

4,171

56

4,237

The following prosecutions were instituted under the Weights and Measures Odinance :-

Number of Cases.

32

Convictions.

31

Fines.

$351

· DANGEROUS Goods.

The following prosecutions were instituted under the Dangerous Goods Ordinance :-

Number of Cases.

א

Convictions.

8

Fines.

$980

TRAFFIC REGULATIONS,

The following prosecntions were instituted under the Traffic Regulations (Notification No. 231 Government Gazette of the 30th of April 1920) :--

Prosecu- tions.

Convictions.

With- Dis- Remand- drawn. charged. ed.

Result.

3.281

3,151

27

92

11

Fines $11,745

K 6

The total number of accidents reported during the year was 110 as against 135 in 1921 :---

1. Motor Car

2. Truck

3. Ricksha

4. Tramcar

Total

74

13

6

17

110

1921

The total number of fatal accidents was 22 as against 16 in

----

1. Motors

2. Trucks

...

3. Tramcar..

12

Total

22

MENDICANTS.

During the year 1922, three hundred and thirty-nine mendicants are arrested and dealt with as follows:-

5 mendicants charged before the Magistrate.

10

4

12

1

221

50

20

6

12

27

D

23

""

وو

sent to Tung Wah Hospital handed back to their parents. sent to Shanghai.

let go by order of C.S.P, sent to Canton once.

"

77

"

>>

twice. 3 times.

4

6

25

""

""

"

1

9

22

22

"

1

11

"}

""

14

A

""

"

19

Total,

339

DEAD BODIES.

Table II shows the number of unknown dead bodies found by the Police in the streets and elsewhere during the year.

DEPORTEES AND VAGRANTS.

918 persons were banished from Hongkong as compared

with 847 in 1921.

737 persons were deported from the Straits Settlements and sent home by the Police as against 651 in 1921.

1,624 persons discharged from Victoria Gaol were entered in Police Criminal Records as against 1,748

in 1921.

K 7

1,021 Vagrants were received from the Straits Settlements and sent home by Police as against 1,081 in 1921.

2,609 undesirables were received from Dutch East Indies and sent ou by the Police as against 817 in

1921.

861 undesirables were received from Saigon and sent on

by the Police as against 1,582 in 1921.

752 Time-expired labourers were received from Balik- papan and repatriated by the Police at the expense of the Asiatic Petroleum Co. Ltd.

73 Coolies were received from the Straits Settlements and sent on by the Police as against 437 in 1921.

LICENCES.

The following licences were issued during 1922 :-

1.200 Hongkong Public Jinrikshas.

1,392

""

Private

"

700 Kowloon Public

41 Sze Ka Che

"

850 Hongkong Public Chairs.

16 Upper Level Jinrikshas. 30 Peak Jinrikshas.

263 Hongkong Private Chairs.

60 Hill District Chairs.

26,424 Drivers and Bearers.

1,585 Truck Licences.

196 Motor Car (Livery).

399

928

(Private).

(Drivers).

313 Motor Cycle Drivers.

329

Licences.

211 Money Changers.

141 Pawn-brokers Licences.

7 Licences to store Petroleum in Bulk.

5

"

Fuel.

Phosphorous.

1

";

8

.22

"

Rockets. ""

Poisons (wholesale).

295 Chinese Wine and Spirits (Old Territories).

83

(New

>>

23 Licences to store Sulphur Acid and Nitric Acid.

3 Auctioneer Licences.

3 Licences to store Acetone.

2 Billiard Tables or Bowling Alleys.

17 Licences to store Calcium Carbide.

2

22

"

19

Chlorate Mixture.

of Potassium and other

Chlorates,

15

13

Compressed Oxygen. Dissolved Acetylene.

11 Distillery Licences (Old Territories).

21

(New

).

"

K.8

134 Licences to store Dynamite and 134 Detonators.

Ether and Alcoholic Liquids.

91

15

-

71

13

291

6

18

"

1.108

74

to shoot and take game.

to store Gunpowder.

"

Kerosene Oil (in godown).

*

(ordinary).

(New Territories).

28 Marine Store.

31 Licences to store Naphtha and Benzine.

45

"

2

19

""

10,194 Hawkers.

(in Garage).

Nitrobenzine or Oil of Nirbane.

DOGS ORDINANCE

3,661 dogs were licensed during 1922.

13 watch dogs were licensed free of charge.

652 stray dogs were impounded,

454 were destroyed,

188 sold or claimed, leaving 5 in Home at the end of the

year 1922.

dogs were destroyed at the request of owners.

ARMS ORDINANCE,

No licences for importing or dealing in arins or ammunition were issued during the year 1922.

The following arms and ammunition were seized and confiscated" during the year 1922--

1922 1921

1922

1921

Winchester Rifles...

Revolvers

670 173

Winchester Ammu. Revolver

9.891 rds, 112 590.

11,187 rds.

21.587

Automatic Pistols...

35

49

Antomatic

!!

Mauser Pistols

301

536

Manser

7,880 76,394

25.387

"

$1.887

Shot guns

2

Shotgun

Nil.

777

Rifles

13

Rifie

11,635

Sub Machine Guns

Sub Machine

Gun

1,500

PROFICIENCY IN LANGUAGES.

The following certificates were obtained during the year 1922:-

1922

1921

Europ-

Indians. Chinese,

Europ-

Indians. Chinese.

eans.

eans.

Cantonese 1st Certificate

19

14

2nd

N

17

}}

3rd

33

#

Hoklo

1st

**

2nd

JA

Hindustani 1st

2nd

11

English

1st

2nd

14

:

~

1

30

46

62

K 9

ANNUAL MUSKETRY COURSE 1922-1923.

EUROPEANS.

Two hundred and one Europeans fired their musketry Course and were classified as under :---

Marksmen

1st Class Shots

2nd

3rd

19

1922.

1921.

15

16

33

35

102.

73

51

35

201

159

Sub: Inspector Macnab Wilson obtained the highest score viz., 191 out of a possible 200 points.

INDIANS.

Four hundred and fifty-one Indians fired their Musketry Course and were classified as under :-

Marksmen

1st Class Shots

2nd 3rd

27

""

22

:

1922.

192 L.

10

3

44

10

209

49

188

212

451

274

Sergeant Major Nand Singh obtained the highest score riz.. 171 out of a possible 200 points.

REVOLVER COURSE. EUROPEANS.

One hundred and seventy-six Europeans fired their Revolver Course and were classified as under:-

1st Class Shots

2nd 3rd

""

ད་

1922. 1921.

47

38

80

102

49

10

176

150

INDIANS.

Four hundred Indians fired their Revolver Course and were classified as under:

1st Class Shots

2nd 3rd

>"

>>

1922. 1921.

77

192

131

400

274

K 10

CHINESE.

Five hundred and twenty Chinese fired their Revolver Course and were classified as under :

1st Class Shots

2nd 3rd

""

"

27

1922.

1921.

36

102

382

520

93

IDENTIFICATION BY FINGER IMPRESSIONS.

Number of searches made 9,339, an increase of 5,240 over 1921. Number of persons identified by finger print impressions: 1,746 an increase of 562 persons over 1921.

Number of records filed, 5,675 an increase of 1,635 over 1921.

Number of persons convicted of Breach of the Banishment Ordinance 85, an increase of 34 persons over 1921.

Number of persons identified by their finger print impressions for Breach of the Market Ordinance 802, an increase of 479 persons over 1921.

CONDUCT.

The conduct of the European Contingent (average strength 188,) was good. The total number of reports against them was 60 as against 57 in 1921.

There were 5 reports for being drunk or under the influence of drink as against 3 in 1921.

No Officer was reported for sleeping on duty as against 4 in 1921; and there were 19 reports for neglect of duty as against 5 in 1921. The conduct of the Indian Contingent (average strength 431) was good. There were 330 reports as against 353 for the preced- ing year. For drunkenness there were 10 as against 10, for disorder- ly conduct 24 as against 30, for neglect of duty 87 as against 50, for absence from duty 85 as against 64, for gossiping and idling on duty 47 as against 42 and for sleeping on duty 21 as against 20.

254 men had no report as against 250 in 1921.

1 Indian Policeman was convicted by the Police Magistrate for larceny (dismissed from the Force).

The behaviour of the Chinese Contingent (average strength 550) was fair. There were altogether 977 reports as against 994 in 1921. For drunkenness there was one as against 3, 92 for sleeping on duty as against 73, 25 for disorderly conduct as against 22, and 424 for minor offences as against 374. 229 men had no report as against 268 in 1921. 5 C. C.s were convicted by the Police Magistrate (dismissed from the Force), 3 for accepting bribes: 2 for Assault.

K 11

The seamen, coxswains, engineers, and stokers (average strength 212) had 110 reports as compared with 176 for the previous year. For disorderly conduct there was I as against 2 in 1921, 9 for neglect of duty as against 5, 87 for absence from station and being late for duty as against 138 and 8 for sleeping on duty as against 7 in the previous year. 77 men had no report recorded against them as compared with 91 in 1921.

HEALTH.

Admissions to Hospital during the last three years were as

follows:-

1920.

1921.

1922.

Nationality.

Fstablish-

Admis-

ment of

Establish- ment of

Establish-

Admis-

sions.

sions.

the Force.

the Force.

ment of the Force.

Admis- sions.

Europeans,.

178

170

185

135

188

145

Indians..

477

546

430

455

431

497

Chinese,.

626

322

726

381

762

326

Return of Police treated in Government Civil Hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever during the year 1922 :-

Old Territories.

New Territories.

Nationality.

Establishment of the Force.

Establishment

Treated.

of the Force.

Treated.

Europeans,

Indians,

Chinese,

171

12

17

5

313

85

118

90

705

35

57

29

In addition to cases treated in Hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever the cases treated for Fever in the various stations in the New Territories without being removed to Hospital were :~

Europeans 16, Indians 102, Chinese 73.

WATER POLICE.

Details concerning the Water Police are contained in Annexe A.

RECRUITING.

Details concerning recruiting and the Police Training School will be found in Annexe B.

SPECIAL EVENTS.

1. The Seamen's Strike.-On the 13th January the Seamen's

Jan.13.

K. 12

Union, a newly created Labour Union, declared a strike of all Cantonese employed on both Ocean-going and River steamers calling at Hongkong, in consequence of the refusal of the respective owners to meet their demands for :-

(a) Increases of pay.

(b.) Recognition of Union and other similar demands.

The strike dragged on for some time owing to the impossibility of ascertaining who the responsible representatives of the Union were, as the Union's chief representatives left for Canton with the bulk of the strikers. On February 1st the Seamen's Union was declared an unlawful Society and was closed by the Police in consequence of intimidation, which led to the Stevedores and cargo coolies declaring a sympathetic strike. Efforts to settle the strike were made by various public bodies without success until on the 28th of February all the bakers, butchers and eventually the domestic servants went out on strike in sympathy with the Seamen, thus seriously interfering with the Colony's food supplies. A Proclamation was thereupon issued by the Governor in Council prohibiting the departure of any Chinese from the Colony unless provided with the necessary permit to leave. In consequence of this order and the impossibility of leaving the Colony by water or by rail a large number of strikers chiefly domestic servants and cooks determined to force their way over the border by taking the main road to Sham Chun via Tai Po. They started early on the 3rd March and came into collision with the Police at the Kowloon water works. They were called upon to stop, but refused and broke through the Police cordon. They were again stopped near the 8th milestone by Police assisted by some troops and on they again refusing to stop and breaking through the Police, they were fired on by the troops. Five persons were killed or died as a result of their injuries, but the crowd then dispersed and returned to Hongkong. At the judicial enquiry which terininated on 21st March, the jury found a verdict of justifiable homicide thereby endorsing the action of the Police and Military authorities. On March 6th the strike was, settled and the Seamen's Union was allowed to re-open.

2. Murder of Leung Yuk-tong alias Jack A Tai-During the progress of the strike various persons connected with shipping received threatening letters. Among others Leung Yuk-tong senior partner of the firm of stevedores known as Jack A Tai was threatened and on the 24th February as he was passing in his ricksha from Messrs. Butterfield & Swire's office to his own premises he was shot from behind and instantly killed by a man who ran up to his ricksha and fired at him at point blank range in the vicinity of Queen's Statue Pier. The murderer, one Leung Wo, who was evidently a hired assassin was fortunately caught by some bystanders. He was convicted and hanged after his appeal to the Privy Council had been dismissed. There were no further murders of the kind during the strike but several murders, some successful, in which employers of labour were the victims, were perpetrated during the year. This form of crime appears now to have been checked.

3. Visit of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. -On April 7th H. R. H. the Prince of Wales visited the Colony and spent

K 13

two days here on his way through to Japan. He met with an excel- lent reception from the native population, particularly so considering the disturbed conditions which prevailed shortly before his arrival.

4. Launchmen's Strike.-Early in May the launchmen in the harbour who were among the last to go out on strike in sympathy with the seamen struck work for higher wages. The strike was settled satisfactorily after an interval of 10 days during which some inconvenience was occasioned by the irregular ferry service across the harbour. Otherwise the community suffered but little. Strikes of various classes of labour continued throughout the year, but most if not all were settled amicably before the close of the year.

5. Political changes in Canton affecting the Colony.-Shortly after the Seamen's Strike the Canton Government changed hands as a result of a split between Sun Yat Sen and Chan Kwing Ming. The former was ousted and the latter assumed control. The labour organizations began to settle down as a result of the change and, though they endeavoured to assume a more militant attitude towards the end of the year when Chan Kwing Ming was in turn ousted from Canton and Sun Yat Sen returned, the latter gave them no encour- agement and they speedily resumed their normal functions.

6. Closing of Guilds.---As a result of their interference with the food supplies of the Colony the Hip Tsun Tsung Kung She cooks and servants Union was declared an unlawful Society by Government Proclamation on 14th December, and closed. The only other Union which was declared unlawful was the notorious Kong Ng Lun Shun Kung Wui, which was prescribed on 13th October, 1922. This society though nominally the Union of the Hongkong and Wuchow Steamer employees had got into bad hands and formed the chief resort of the criminal classes in the Colony. It was therefore with great relief that the general bulk of the Chinese population of the Colony witnessed the closing down of the society, whose evil reputation dates back for many years.

7. Outbreak of violent crime. - -One of the most serious results of the change of Government in Canton twice during the year and the consequent fighting was the outbreak of crimes of violence in the Colony following closely on each series of fighting. In August and September there were numerous highway and armed robberies, many of them traced to ex-soldiers or unemployed seamen, and again in December continuing up to the Chinese New Year (February 1923). The large increase in armed robberies and murders as revealed in this Report testifies to the seriousness of these waves of violent crime. The Police were successful in bringing a number of offenders to book and the heavy sentences imposed on them by the Courts together with increased restrictive Police measures ap- pear to have horn fruit as these crimes, though still prevalent have very largely decreased since the New Year (Chinese). Notable among a number of robberies which involved promiscuous shooting in the streets was the Wing Wo Street Kobbery, which took place at dusk on the 29th September, during which a Chinese detective No. 100 Sin Chun was fatally shot by the robbers, as they were

K 14

leaving the robbed premises. Two of the robbers were caught in a chase which followed, convicted and hanged. A remarkable feature of the armed robberies during the year was the valuable assistance rendered on several occasions by civilians chiefly non Chinese, but also Chinese in some cases, who assisted thongh unarmed in follow- ing and capturing armed robbers, and were in some instances re- sponsible for the actual capture of the criminals. Not only the Police, but the public owe them a great debt of gratitude for their bravery and skill in effecting captures under trying and dangerous conditions.

8. Sui An Piracy.- Serious as was the state of crime on shore it was almost surpassed on the water by the daring and successful piracy of the Hongkong, Canton & Macao Steamboat Co.'s steamer Sui An on Sunday the 19th November. This river steamer which plies between Hongkong and Macao was pirated when about 1 hour out from Macao at sunset. Full details of the piracy are contained in the Report of the Commission of Enquiry into this piracy which was laid before the Legislative Council on the Sth February, 1923. Suffice it to say that in spite of the provision of armed guards and safety devices required under the terms of the Piracy Prevention Ordinance of 1914 the pirates succeeded in holding up the ship and taking her into Bias Bay, a bay not far outside the waters of the Colony where they left her, having stripped the passengers and crew of all their money and valuables and the ship of the contents of the compradore's and purser's safes and anything else of value. Owing to the completeness of the surprise the loss of life was small. Two of the Indian guards were killed during the plucky fight which they put up against severe odds, 2 others were wounded, as was also the Captain while attempting to gain the bridge. The Captain was very fortunate to escape with his life. This occur- rence only goes to show even more clearly perhaps than the state of crime ashore the very serious state of disorder prevailing in South China at the present time, which makes the preservation of peace and good order in the Colony and its vicinity a very difficult matter. Armed troops are everywhere and arms are procurable in spite of the general prohibition of the import of arms into China as well as Hongkong.

9. Arms Smuggling. One of the most serious problems of the passed year has undoubtedly been the question of the traffic in arms. The large stocks left over in Europe and America as a result of the Great war find a ready market in China, though under international agreement the import is prohibited. During the latter months of the year many of the larger passenger ships arriving from the Pacific coast of America failed to complete their stay in port without the discovery of arms either on board or in transit from ship to shore : Arms in transit were also found stored on shore. Heavy sentences on all offenders including a number of non Chinese have had a good effect, but it is not possible to say at the present juncture that the traffic has been checked. As long as fighting continues between rival military factions so long will there be a market not only for arms for the military, but also for civilians who find themselves at the mercy of so-called troops often bandits in disguise, and whatever the penalties they still

K 15

endeavour to secure their own protection by smuggling through sufficient supplies to make some defence possible. It is sincerely to be hoped that a halt may soon be called to the incessant fighting among the military leaders in China: for without it the cominunity must expect crime to flourish inside as well as outside the borders of the Colony.

10. Increase of Police Force.-Owing to the disturbed state of the neighbouring province which was reflected in the increase of crime in the Colony, it was decided to increase the Police force during the year. 32 additional European Police were recruited and the Colony was fortunate in obtaining among the new recruits a large number of ex-R.I.C. men whose services should prove most valuable. Additions were made to the Indian and Chinese contingents also, the total increase amounting to 232 men. The policy of enlarging the force has more than justified itself by the subsequent decrease in crime,

11. Creation of Criminal Investigation Department :-Daring the year the working of the Detective Branch of the Police was specially enquired into with the result that the creation of the Criminal Investigation Department followed with a Superintendent in charge as Director Criminal Intelligence assisted by a second Superintendent as A.D.C.I. The D.C.I. did not actually take over his duties until after the new year (1923). Further a strict scrutiny of the work of the Chinese detectives led to the dismissal of a few, the retirement of a number of older men, and the return to regular duty of a number of detectives whose work was con- sidered unsatisfactory.

12. Northern Chinese Recruits.—During the year arrangements were made to recruit Chinese from. Wei Hai Wei for the Hongkong Police force. Two European Police officers were sent to Wei Hai Wei in September to recruit and train the first batch of 50 odd men and their training was proceeding satisfactorily at Wei Hai Wei at the close of the year.

REWARDS.

Third Class Medal was granted to P.S.B. 246 Nabi Bux for exceptionally good work done by him as Traffic patrol sergeant.

L.S.C. 185 Tang Sang was granted a reward of $20.00 for assiduous work in connection with a case of godown breaking at West Point on 6. 12. 21. Three men were sentenced at the Police Court to 3 months, H.L. and 3 others convicted at the Supreme Court, two to 2 years H... and one to 18 months, H.L.

P.C.C. 380 Lai Shing was granted a reward of $15.00 for the smart capture in Parkes Street of a man, who had committed a burglary. All property recovered.

I.P.C.B. 417 Makan Khan and I.P.C.B. 284 Wali Mohamed were granted a reward of $5.00 each for alertness on duty on 30. 1. 22 in effecting the arrest of a man, who had broken into No. 104 Tai Nam Street, Sham Shui Po, and the recovery of the stolen property.

K 16

P.C.C. 41 Sung Kwok Leung was granted a reward of $10,00 for good work in arresting a man who had committed a burglary at 287 Canton Road on 25, 1, 23. The man was convicted and sentenced to 6 months H.L. P.C.C. 78 Chan Hong was granted a reward of $25.00 for vigilance on duty which led to the arrest on 12. 6. 22. of a man, who had 2 loaded revolvers in his possession. The prisoner was sentenced to 18 months H.L.

P.C.C. 347 Wong Yui was granted a reward of $20.00 for alertness on duty and the smart capture of 3 men and 2 women at Yaumati Railway Station on 11. 8. 22 in a kidnapping case. The defendants were sentenced to 6 months H.L. each. Case No. 11276/77.

P.C.C. 146 Tsui Ping was commended by H.E. the Governor and granted a reward of $50 for courage and resource on 27. 6. 22 on the occasion of the pursuit and arrest of a man who had committed an armed robbery at the Sun Company's premises Des Voeux Road Central.

I.P.C.B. 158 Bhaggat Singh and P.C.C. 659 Li Wong were granted a reward of $10 each for zeal on duty on 5. 4. 22 at Muk Kung Hom, Sham Shui Po, when they arrested an armed robber, who with 3 others, had committed a robbery at an unnumbered matshed. Through this arrest 2 more arrests were made next day,

P.C.C. 194 Tsang Chuen was granted a reward of $10,00 for pluck in effecting the arrest of a Filipino who was armed with a loaded pistol on 1. 8. 22 outside the Pacific Mail Co.'s offices.

P.C.C. 276 Yam Ping was granted a reward of $10.00 for alertness on duty in effecting the arrest of a man, who had attempted to murder one Wan Ko on 27. 8. 22.

C. C. 532 Kung Pak-lam was granted a reward of $10.00 for alertness on duty in connection with a Highway Robbery at Tung Sam Hong on 29. 8. 22.

I.P.C. 412 Mahdi Khan was granted a gratuity of $25.00 for pluck in diving into the Harbour and rescuing a Chinese woman from drowning on 5. 10. 22.

P.S.B. 211 Tussain Bux and I.P.C.B. 416 Mohamed Khau were granted $30 and $20 respectively for alertness and zeal on duty in securing the arrest of a man armed with a loaded revolver and 3 unarmed men on Kowloon City Road on 19. 10. 22.

A.L.S.B.

9 Khan Dad.

P.C.B. 182 Mehdi Khan.

1

523 Pang Chi.

373 Kwa Wong.

652 Lau Ming.

were granted a reward of $10.00 each for good work performed by them in the Yim Tin Tsz Armed Robbery case on 16. 9, 22. Six persons were arrested and charged at the October Criminal Sessions, 3 were sentenced to 5 years H.L. and 12 strokes, 1 to 6 years ILL. and 12 strokes and 2 discharged.

K 17

Det. C. 125 Lam Kwan was granted $50, Detective C. 69 Mak Wa $50, Detective C. 219 Kwong Heung $25, and Detective C. 161 Tsoi Ying $25, as rewards for courage of the highest order in connection with the arrest of two of the murderers of Detective L.S.C. 100 Sin Chuen and the Armed Robbery at No. 26 Wing Wo Street on 29. 9. 22.

C.C. 294 Lo Yuk was granted a reward of $20.00 for good work in a larceny case of 600 lbs of marine metal bearings. One man was arrested and 425 lbs of property stolen recovered.

Detective C. 219 Kwong Heung and Detective C. 303 Kong Yee were granted a reward of $25.00 each for zeal in the per- formance of their duty in arresting 2 men who were carrying bombs and kerosine in Gough Street on 23. 11. 22.

E. D. C. WOLFE, Captain Superintendent of Police,

K 18

Annexe A.

REPORT ON THE WATER POLICE.

I have the honour to report that the strength of the Water Police as it now stands is 1 Inspector, 2 Sub-Inspectors, 3 Crown Sergeants, 17 Lance Sergeants, 27 Coxswains, 4 Botswains, 96 Seamen, 30 Engineers, 25 Stokers, 2 Barrack Sergeants, 2 Station Sergeants, 4 Station Orderlies, 2 Carpenters, 2 Painters, 1 Sail- maker, 2 Signalmen, 4 Detectives and 17 Boatmen, a total of 240.

Yearly return of Resignations, Dismissals, Desertions, Deceased and Transferred.

Resignations

Dismissals..

Desertions

Deceased

Transferred

7

4

Nil

3

I

15

LAUNCHES.

The four large patrol launches have been thoroughly overhaul- ed during the year besides being slipped quarterly and minor repairs effected. They are all running now in good order except No. 3 which is in dock under repairs. Electric light and search lights have been installed in Nos. 3 and 4.

The Harbour Patrol Launches have had their numbers changed.

No. 7 (old No. 6) and 8 have run continuously during the year and have been thoroughly overhauled and are in a satisfactory condition.

Nos. 5 and 7 have been sold and replaced by two new fast patrol launches built by the Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Co., and numbered 5 and 6.

These launches are very valuable for Police purposes. Suitable in every way for Harbour Patrol or big enough, if required, to go safely on any outside beat, they are the fastest launches in the Harbour with a speed of just under 11 knots.

No. 9 Motor Boat now No. 12 has not been running very well during the year it is now undergoing a General Repair.

No. 10 and 11 Motor Boats have done good work during the year and are in good order and running well.

All pulling boats and gear are in good order and condition. During the year No. 2 Police Launch has done most of her night patrols in Deep Bay. This launch has also kept the buoys marking the Shum Chun Channel in good order which makes the navigation of the difficult channel a simple matter.

K 19

New Vickers guns have been installed on each of the 4 cruising launches in place of the old Maxim guns.

Rifle and gun practice has been carried out on a modified scale by 1, 2, 3 and 4 Launches during the year.

During the seamen's Strike 4 launches were hired to assist in the Harbour Patrol, and did very good work,

C. W. BECKWITH, Commander, R. N., Deputy Superintendent of Water Police.

K 20

Annexe B.

POLICE TRAINING SCHOOL Report for 1922.

-Staff-Additions were made to the personnel of the School Staff during 1922. Mr. Young Siu-nung was appointed Second Teacher and Interpreter.

L.S. A90 Carpenter was appointed Musketry Instructor.

During the absence on long leave of S.I. Clark his duties were carried out by S. I. Booker and L. S. Carpenter.

Present Staff

Principal

www

...Inspector W. G. Gerrard Indian Teacher and Interpreter... Mr. K. Sohan Singh First Chinese Teacher & Inter. ...Mr. Pun Yau-tong

""

27

Second Chinese Vernacular Teacher

1 Indian Sergeant Major

1 Chinese

...Mr. Yeung Siu-nung

Mr. Li Man-wan ...Ali Bahadur Khan

...Kwong Tin-ban

1 European Drill Instructor ...Sub-Inspector Clark Musketry Instructor...L.S. A90 Carpenter

1

1

Physical Drill Instructor L.S. A114 Condon

5 Indian Drill Instructors

2 Chinese Physical Drill Instructors

Note. The Drill and Musketry Instructors (European : Indian and Chinese) do not form part of the permanent staff of the school.

They are regular duty men and receive extra pay for their

services.

Recruiting Table from 1st January to 31st December, 1922.

Continuing Instruction

Eur-

opean.

Indian Chinese.

District Watchmen.

from 1921

Recruited

Passed...

Resigned

Dismissed

Died

55

3

36

87

89

6

30

37

87

3

འ་

6

1

1

Transferred to other Go-

vernment Departments.

Continuing Instruction

13

8:

62

51

6

Conduct and Discipline.-The conduct and discipline of recruits, during the year, was satisfactory. One Indian Recruit was dismissed,

K 21

Two Chinese Recruits, unsuitable, were allowed to resign without completing their period of probation. Three Indian and four Chinese Recruits resigned voluntarily.

During the year five separate examinations were held at P.T.S. of Europeans, Indians and Chinese for promotion. The following Table gives the number of officers who qualified for the various ranks shown.

Europeans,

Indians, Cinese,

For Sub-

For In-

spector.

tor.

For For Lance | Inspec- Sergeant. Sergeant.

Remarks.

9

18

30

(Recruits)

21

Results deferred.

CURRICULUM.

M

-K 22 -

Europeans.

Police Regulations and General Instructions. Ordinances-all those that apply to Police. Police Code. Sections and Beats. Local Knowledge. Educational Subjects. Police Court Routine. Observation Lessons. Physical Drill. Squad and Rifle Drill. Musketry Course. Revolver Course.

Indians.

Police Regulations and

General Instructions.

Ordinances-selected. Sections and Beats. Local Knowledge. Police Court Routine. Observation Lessons. Physical Drill. Squad and Rifle Drill. Musketry Course. Revolver Course. Urdu and/or Gurmukhi and/or English.

Chinese.

District Watchunen Recruits.

Police Regulations and General Instructions.

Ordinances--selected, Sections and Beats. Local Knowledge. Police Court Routine. Observation Lessons. English and Arithmetic -elementary. Geography of China. Excerpts from Book of Morals.

Physical Drill. Squad and Rifle Drill. Musketry Course.

Revolver Course.

Police Regulation Book- selected portions and General Instructions.

Ordinances-selected. Local Knowledge, Physical Drill. Squad Drill.

District Watchmen Regulars.

Drilled Weekly on Tues- days and Fridays. During the year 3 men received instruction in Police Regulatious.

Note.-Defaulters sent to School (Indians and Chinese) receive special instruction according to the subject in which they are reported to be inefficient.

Year.

- K 23

Table I.

RETURN OF SERIOUS AND MINOR OFFENCES REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN COMMIT

Robbery with Violence and Assault with intent to rob.

Larcenies and

Burglaries.

1921.

Europeans and Americans,

Indians,

Chinese,

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

117 28

11 108 11

Cases.

Serious Offences.

Larcenies in

Dwelling-

Houses.

Murder, Manslaughter

and Other

Felonies.

Offences against Ordinance of Protection of

Women and

Children.

Unlawful

Possession.

Kidnapp

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

:

2

2

23,226 1,189 189 281 118 82

:

:

:

35

:

:

:

96 78

28 | 294 316

:

:

37

:

:

:

:གླུ

Total,......

117 28 11 108

23,232 1,199 189 2×3 120 82 96 78

28: 294

316 37

1922.

Europeans and Americans,

Indians,

Chinese,

:

211

10

Total,.

244

:

:

:

:

28 109 12

40 2

1

2 2

I

1

1

33,190

1,106 203 312 129

90 60

28 109

12

3 3,19 3 1,107 205315 131 91 61

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

11235

55

@

12 336

313

58

56 12336 313

58

2

~

:

:

GI

-

K 23

Table I.

'ORTED TO HAVE BEEN COMMITTED DURING THE YEARS 1921 AND 1922.

nst

1 of

d

Unlawful Possession.

Kidnapping.

Discharged.

:

:

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

:

:

:

28 294 316 37

28:294 316 37

2336

2336

:

:

:..

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Cases.

Assault and Disorderly Conduct.

Minor Offences.

Gambling.

Drunkenness.

Miscellaneous

Total of

Nuisances.

Offences.

all cases

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

39

74

5

11 14

478 557

:

1

1

:

80459| 1,974 | 193

42

42

11 11

:

:

:..

61 61

937

937

528 645 85 460 1,975|193|14|114

937 937

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

28 29

3

27

27

:

:

12 13

1

7

:

313 58 2 2

1 502 724 | 65 |47|| 1,767 | 143

23

23

1,388 1,388

B

313

58

10

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

39

41

125

22

24 4

48

6,012 8,753 817

12,069

6,073 8,821827 12,242

44

65

2

104

15

23 5

36

7,162 9,615 818

13,799

1 542 766 69471 1,767 | 143

57

57

1,388 1,388

7,221 9,703 825

13,939

KOWLOON.

K 24

Table II.

DUMPED BODIES, 1922.

HARBOUR.

EI

1 month

5

1 mouth

and

Under

one

month.

under

1 year.

5 years.

and

under

15 years.

1 year and under

5 years

15 years

and

over.

Under

one

month.

and

under

1 year and under

years

and

15 years

and

Under

under

5 years.

over.

one

month.

1 year.

15 years.

1 month

and

under

1 year.

1 year and

under

5 years.

5 years

and

15 years

and

under

over.

Under

one

month.

1 month

and

under

15 years.

1 year.

VICTORIA.

sex

m.

unk.

m.

sex

m.

f.

unk.

in.

f.

n).

!

S

30

32

10

25

115

86

19

21

f.

m.

f.

sex

lunk.

sex

m.

f.

m.

lunk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

Co

33

22

629

62

51

30

88

79

21 19 13

1

:

sex

junk.

m.

f.

m. f.

sex

unk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

£,

m.

2

11

8

40 | 31

10

20

16

Year.

Victoria.

Kowloon, Harbour. Elsewhere.

Total.

Males. Females. Unknown. Children.

Adults.

1916,

250

183

101

36

570

321

239

10

470

100

1917,

349

233

142

74

798

397

386

15

751

47

1918,

335

330

182

88

935

509

405

21

902

33

1919,

220

144

139

77

580

312

252

16

574

6

1920,

235

257

126

38

656

295

347

14

650

6

1921,

208

282

108

43

641

340

287

14

630

11

1922,

382

392

137

30

941

527

407

7

890

51

5 years

and

under

15 years.

in,

· KOWLOON.

K 24

Table II.

DUMPED BODIES, 1922.

HARBOUR,

ELSEWHERE.

15 years

and

over.

Under

one

month.

1 month

and

under

1 year and under

years

and

15 years

Under

under

5 years.

and

over.

one

month.

1 month

and

under

1 year.

15 years.

1 year.

1 year and

under

5 years.

5 years

1 month

and

15 years

and

Under

one

under

15 years.

over.

month.

and

under

. 1 year.

1 year and

under

5 years.

and

5 years

under

15 years.

Total.

15 years

and

over.

f.

n).

sex

£.

m.

f.

lunk.

m.

f.

sex

junk.j

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

3 33 22

62

51

88

79

21

19

13

I

sex

m.

f.

m.

Junk.

sex

نه

m. f.

f.

m.

junk.

m. f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

2

11

8 | 40 | 31

10

*

00

:

:

Year.

Victoria, Kowloon.

Harbour. Elsewhere.

Total, Males. Females. Unknown. | Children.

Adults.

1916,

250

183

101

36

· 570

321

239

10

470

100

1917,

349

233

142

74

798

397

386

15

751

47

1918,

335

330

182

88

935

509

405

21

902

33

1919,

220

144

139

77

580

312

252

16

574

6

1920,

235

257

126

38

656

295

347

14

650

6

1921,

208

282

108

43

641

340

287

14

630

1922,

382

392

137

30

941

527

407

890

51

Co

m.

f.

sex

unk.

10

:

m.

f. m.

f.

Q

941

K 25

Table III.

Return showing the Establishment and Casualties in the Force during the year 1922:-

Nationality.

Establishment of the Force.

Enlistments.

Deaths.

Resignations through

sickness.

Resignations through expiry of terms of service or otherwise.

Dismissals or Desertions.

Total Number

of Casualties.

Europeans,

188

44

9

Indians,

431

84

I

10

25

17

:

44

Chinese,

762 104

41

61

113

Total, 1,381 232

13

13

60

88

174

This number includes the Police paid by other Departments, also the Engineers, Coxswains, Stokers, etc., but it is exclusive

of:-

1 Captain Superintendent.

2 Deputy Superintendents. 3 Assistant Superintendents, 1 Probationer.

1 Accountant.

1 Storekeeper.

1 Police Secretary.

13 Clerks.

10 Telephone Clerks.

40 Sergeant Interpreters.

120 Messengers and Coolies.

2 Indian and 2 Chinese Constables who are employed by

Private Firms.

Actual Strength on the 10th December, 1922.

Europeaus.

Indians. Chinese.

Total.

Present,

179

361

730

1,270

Sick or Absent on

leave,

9

70

32

111

Excess over Estimates'

17

19

39

Vacancies,

Total

205

450

765

1,420

K 26

EXECUTIVE STAFF.

Mr. E, D, C. Wolfe went on special duty to Wei Hai Wei from July 7th, 1922, to August 4th and Mr. P. P. J, Wodehouse C.I.E. acted as Captain Superintendent of Police during this period.

Mr. L. H. V. Booth was appointed Assistant Superintendent of Police on February 11th, 1922. He was seconded to the Harbour Department as Acting Assistant Harbour Master from April 20th to November 26th, and was on vacation leave from that date until December 31st.

Mr. J. Kerr formerly Chief Inspector was appointed an Assistant Superintendent of Police on August 1st, 1922.

Mr. W. R. Scott, Police Probationer arrived in the Colony on December 8th, 1922, and proceeded to Canton to study Cantonese.

Inspector R. Macdonald was appointed Chief Inspector in succession to Mr. J. Kerr promoted on August 1st, 1922.

Tabe IV.

Table showing the Total Strength, Expenditure, and Revenue of the Police and Fire Brigade Departments for the years 1913 to

1922 :-

Total Strength.

Expenditure.

Revenne Collected

Year.

by the

Police Force.

Fire

Police Brigade. Force.

Fire

Police

Brigade.

Force.

1913....

1,247

105

756,663

35,319

185,250

1914.

1,304

106

789,100

35,913

193,915

1915..

1,289

106

765,911

34,922

185,589

1916..

1,215

106

703,743

36,574

192,796

1917

1,229

104

694,115

32,621

210,071

1918..

1,228

104 727,233

37,979

219,012

1919....

1,228

104

840,977

75,798

225,031

1920..

1,281

127

1,165,084

63,844

229,122

1921..

1,341

140

1,443,627

83,470

259,876

1922.

1,381

174 1,533,772

177,799 376,347

NOTE. NO

revenue

Ambulance fees.

is collected by the Fire Brigade except

K 27

REPORT BY THE CHIEF OFFICER HONGKONG

FIRE BRIGADE.

The close of 1922 may be considered as bringing with it the completion of the scheme of re-organization of the Fire Brigade, transferring the control and staffing of the Brigade from the Police to the newly created body of professional firemen. During the year large numbers of Chinese firemen were enlisted also motor drivers, and with the advent of Mr. Saunders, the new Station Officer and finally Mr. Brooks, the new Superintendent, the European Staff may be considered for the time being complete. Valuable work was done by Mr. Moss, Assistant Engineer and Station Officer in re-organizing the Brigade, but it was not until the arrival of the Superintendent that the whole re-organization scheme was completed and the different branches of the Brigade co-ordinated. The Brigade now consists of:--

3 professional European firemen as officers.

1 European Engineer (part time).

80 firemen.

24 motor drivers.

and various other details.

2. The land equipment has been greatly increased as shown in the Superintendent's report attached (Annexe C.); and the Fire floats; [see Engineer's report Annexe D.] have been brought up to date by the provision of an electric Search light, flood lights and general lighting on No. 1 float and similar lighting on a smaller scale on the No. 2 float. The increase in the number of harbour fires during the year gives rise to the consideration of the question of the adequacy of the Colony's fire protection afloat. Shipping is increasing as is the size of ships to such an extent that it may be necessary before long to consider the provision of a very much larger float than the existing No. 1 float. Further the constantly recurring shortage of water in the City and Kowloon makes reliance on the floats for fires near the sea front more than ever imperative.

3. Work on the new Central Fire Station continued throughout the year the foundations being completed during that period. The new Station which is a 7 story building is, however, hardly likely to be ready for occupation within less than 3 years from

now.

E. D. C. WOLFE,

Chief Officer, Hongkong Fire Brigade.

.

K 28

Annexe C.

Sir,---I beg to submit the following report for the year ended 31st December, 1922.

NUMBER OF CALLS, FIRE, ETC.

The Brigade received 143 calls to fires, or supposed fires, the number for the year 1921 being 131. The number of fires excluding chimney fires attended by the Brigade was 102 of which 11 were serious fires.

SERIOUS FIRES.

The two most serious fires occurred on the 31st July and the 10th November. The former fire occurred at Duddell Street, Central, and necessitated three motor pumps and six hydrants to extinguish the outbreak, while on the latter date at Belcher Street, Kennedy Town, West, three motor pumps, four hydrants and one Fire Float were used. Other extensive fires occurred at Des Voeux Road West on the 27th February; S. S. “Japan on 30th March ; S. S. "Peking Maru" on 27th June; Mount Kellett Road Peak on 27th September; High Street, Victoria, on 30th September; Canton Road, Yaumati, on 26th November; Tung Lo Wan on 26th Novem- ber; Queen's Road Central on 29th November; and Queen's Road West on 26th December.

LIVES LOST.

During the year 4 lives were lost due to fires viz., 3 at Belcher Street, Kennedy Town W. on the 10th November and 1 at Canton Road, Yaumati on the 26th November.

COMMENDATIONS.

Members of the Brigade were commended on three occasions during 1922 viz:-

By the Chief Officer

""

By His Excellency the

Governor

for loyalty during Seamen's strike. for duties discharged at fire S. S.

Peking Maru on 27th June.

for duties discharged at fire at Duddell

Street on 31st July.

OFFICERS AND MEN INJURED.

The number of Officers and men injured in the execution of duty was 10, summarised as follows:-

Burns and scalds

Contusions ...

Injuries to feet and legs

Injuries to body...

Injuries to hands and arms

Injuries to eyes...

--

1

1

...

1

...

1

1

K 29

SICKNESS AND DEATH.

There were 54 cases of illness, two of which resulted in death.

APPOINTMENTS,

Acting Station Officer G. C. Moss was appointed Asst. Engineer and Station Officer on 24th March with effect from 19th December, 1921.

Mr. G. Saunders from Croydon Fire Brigade was appointed Station Officer on 22nd July and Officer in Charge of Kowloon Fire Station vice Foreman C. F. Alexander P. Sgt. A. 148.

Mr. H. T. Brooks from London Fire Brigade was appointed Superintendent on 11th September, 1922.

In addition to the above 56 men (Chinese) were appointed to various ranks in the Brigade.

TRANSFERS RESIGNATIONS AND DISMISSALS,

The services of Temporary Assistant Station Officer P. Master- son were dispensed with on 30th September and of other ranks (Chinese) 30 men were struck off the strength of the Brigade viz

2 transferred to the Police.

16 resigned.

12 dismissed.

EXTENSION OF KOWLOON FIRE STATION.

An extension to rear of Kowloon Fire Station was completed during the year, appreciable and convenient accommodation being provided for 32 men. The fitting of 2 sliding poles from the men's quarters to ground floor has proved an advantage in gaining access to the appliances quickly.

NEW TEMPORARY CENTRAL FIRE STATION.

The Brigade Staff and equipment from the Old Temporary Fire Station, Queen's Road Central were transferred to the New Tem- porary Fire Station, Des Voeux Road Central on the 14th December, accommodation for 4 appliances, 2 motor cars, 2 Officers and 64 men being provided.

EQUIPMENT.

During the year the equipment of the Brigade was considerably strengthened by the addition of the following:-

2Dennis Petrol Motor Pumps (capacity 450 to 500

gallons per minute).

2 "Bayleys" 55 ft. Fire Escapes.

1 "Merryweather" 93 ft. Motor Turntable Ladder. 4 "Foamite" Chemical Extincteurs.

4 Hook Ladders.

4 Hand controlled branches.

K 30

THEATRE AND OTHER DUTIES.

The number of duties performed by members of Brigade at public and private entertainments during the year was 1,551 the number of four hours duties being 287 and eight hour duties 1,264 thus a total of 11,260 hours.

MOTOR AMBULANCE SERVICE,

The Motor Ambulance service shows a considerable increase in the number of cases during 1922 when compared with previous Nos. 1 and 2 motor ambulances stationed at Central Fire Station and Kowloon Fire Station respectively have attended no fewer than 1,099 cases.

years.

No. 3 Ambulance (Old Patrol Waggon) stationed at Wanchai F.B.S. was out of commission during part of the year.

No. 1 Ambulance

No. 2

No. 3

13

Private

Police Cases.

Total.

Cases.

321

581

902

111

86

197

76

10

86

508

677

1185

Ambulance Calls

1922

1921

1920

Nos. 1, 2 and 3 Ambulances,

1,185

420

169

CALLING THE BRIGADE.

Pulic Telephone.

Delay in calling the Brigade by Public telephone is still evident by the "hold" many fires obtained before the Brigade actually received the call. A great percentage of the public are obviously unaware that direct communication to the Brigade can be obtained by merely asking for "Fire Brigade" and that it is unnecessary to look through the directory for the respective Fire Station's number; also that whistle blowing is only waste of time.

Fire Alarm System:

The laying underground of the electric wires connecting the 11 Street Fire Alarms, situated in various parts of Victoria to the Central Fire Station was completed during the latter part of the year, by which means the system was made entirely satisfactory.

H. T. BROOKS, Superintendent, Fire Brigade,

K 31

Table V.

STRENGTH OF Brigade.

The strength of the Brigade on the 31st December, 1922, totalled 160 including all ranks viz:-

FIRE STAFF.

Europeans 1 Chief Officer (C. S, P.)

1 Superintendent.

1 Consulting Engineer.

1 Asst. Engineer and Station Officer.

1 Station Officer.

4 Foremen (Police.)

Chinese- 1 Head Foreman.

3 Foremen.

80 Firemen.

18 Motor Drivers.

3 Coxswains.

2 Engineers.

6 Engine Drivers.

8 Stokers.

6 Seamen.

136

CLERICAL, TECHNICAL AND OTHER STAFF.

Chinese 3 Interpreters.

6 Telephone Clerks.

1 Motor Mechanic.

2 Fitters.

2 Motor Amb. Drivers.

6

17

3 Artisans.

1 Caretaker.

24

Attendants.

K 32

Table VI

Station Appliances, etc., on 31st December, 1922.

Appliances, etc.

Steam Fire Floats

Steam

Fire-engine on

raft

Skiffs

Motor Hose Tender

(No. 7)

Motor Escape Tender

(No. 1)

Motor Combinations

(Nos. 2, 5 & 6

Motor Pumps (Nos. 3 & 4) Motor Turntable Ladder

Steam Fire Engines

(Hand drawn).

Manual Fire Engine

(Hand drawn)...

Hose Reels (Hand drawn)

Dispatch Boxes

Fire Escapes

Ajax Ladders

Hook Ladders

Hook Belts

STATIONS

Outlying Districts

Total

and Police

Central Wanchai Kowloon Stations

:

1

3

3 (B)

:

:

:

:

:

2

00

3

N

30

40

:

At Aberdeen

Attached

to No. 1 F. Float

Smoke Helmets

+ Hose (unlined) feet

30

23 Hose (unlined) feet..... 7,600 4,600

7,200

15,900

35,300

On Fire Floats

On Fire

Floats

Including

Branches (Metal)

30 on Fire

9

10

5

70

92

Float and

Raft.

10

Branches (Ajax)

8

112

Branches

(Handcon-

trolled)

2

1

Stand-pipes.......

12

6

11

31

Chemical Extincteurs (5

gallons)

Chemical Extincteurs (2

gallons)

Street Fire Alarms

7

1

(B) Including 2 condemned.

14

*

Month.

K 33

Table VII.

Monthly Summary of Calls to Fires, etc., 1922.

Serious

"A"

January, February,

5

3

1

9

1

11

13

March,

9

April,

8

May,

June, July, August, September, October, November,

December,

1

31

6

1

11

1

6

7.

2:42

1

14

5 19

6

31

1

13

23

Total,...... 11

95

31

1

4

1

143

Estimated Monetary Loss by fire-$903,436,00

"A" Serious Fires:-In designating a fire "serious.

following points are considered :-

1. Approximate amount of damage.

2. Class of stock.

3. Hydrants and appliances at work.

4. Loss of life.

"

the

Of the 91 "slight" fires 19 were matshed fires, the majority of which resulted in the matsheds being totally destroyed.

STATION.

Name.

CALLS.

No. of fire alarms attached.

By Stranger.

By fire alarm.

By Exchange

Telephone.

By Government

Telephone. By Police

Telephone.

TOTAL.

Central

11

Wanchai

Kowloon

TOTAL

11

14

ลง

8.

47

8

33

No. 1 Fire Float was at work at 4 fires.

Table VIII.

Summary for 1922 of Calls and number of times Appliances were used.

APPLIANCES ATTENDING.

EXTINGUISHED BY

Dispatch Boxes.

Motor Tender.

Motor Escape Tender.

Motor

Combinations.

Motor Pumps.

Motor Turntable

Ladder.

Motor cars.

Steamers.

35

76

2

8

12

3

25

67

1

Buckets.

Extincteurs.

1st aid appliances.

Hand pumps.

Hydrants,

Engines.

Float engines.

88

40

1

143

18

25

23

102

76

3

8

1

77

11

16

64

20

8

4

5

LO

Sand.

36

10

34

11

4

N

y

1

4

7

1

32

5

23

6

4

3

1

No. 2 Fire Float was at work at 6 fires.

Other means.

K 34

Appendix K.

REPORT OF THE CAPTAIN SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE FOR THE YEAR 1922,

SUMMARY OF CRIME FOR 1922.

The total of all cases reported to the Police during the year 1922 was 13,939 as against 12,242 in 1921 being an increase of 1,697 or 13-86%. The average for the last five years is 11,416-8.

In the division of these cases into serious and minor offences there appears an increase as compared with 1921 of 130 cases or 315 per cent. in the former and an increase of 1,567 cases or 19:32 per cent. in the latter.

The increase and decrease as compared with 1921 in serious offences are shown as follows :

Increase.

Murder

10

Robbery

127

Burglary and larceny from Dwelling Kidnapping

152

Piracy

Unlawful Possession

Other Felonies

42

17

Ttotl.......

355

Decrease.

Offences against Ordinance for Protection of

Women and Children

Larcenies

35

... 190

Total.......

225

Nett Increase.........

130

Table I shows the number and character of the serious and minor offences reported to the Police during 1921 and 1922 and number of persons convicted and discharged in connection with these offences.

MURDER.

Thirty-five murders were reported to the Police during the year as against 25 in 1921.

K 2

In connection with 27 of these reports no arrest was made and in the remaining 8 cases arrests were made. There were 4 cases in which convictions were obtained (6 persons of whom 5 were convicted and 1 discharged). In 4 cases there was no conviction (7 persons).

MANSLAUGHTER.

Nine manslaughter cases were reported to the Police during the year as against 2 in 1921.

In 2 cases no arrest was made: in the remaining 7 cases arrests were made. In 2 cases convictions were obtained (5 persons of whom 2 were convicted and 3 discharged). In 5 cases there was no conviction (7 persons).

GANG ROBBERIES,

One hundred and twenty-one gang robberies were reported to the Police during the year as against 56 in 1921.

In 106 cases no arrest was made: in the remaining 15 cases arrests were made. In 11 cases convictions were obtained (29 persons of whom 21 were convicted and 8 discharged). In 4 cases there was no conviction (7 persons).

STREET AND HIGHWAY ROBBERIES.

Eighty-seven street and highway robberies were reported to the Police during the year as against 27 in 1921.

In 74 cases, no arrest was made; in the remaining 13 cases arrests were made. In 10 cases convictions were obtained (15 persons of whom 12 were convicted and 3 discharged). In 3 cases there was no conviction (6 persons).

ROBBERIES ON BOATS AND JUNKS.

Eleven cases of robbery on boats and junks were reported to the Police during the year as against 10 in 1921.

In 8 cases, no arrest was made; in the remaining 3 cases arrests were made. In all of these three cases convictions were obtained (6 persons all of whom were convicted).

ROBBERIES WITH VIOLENCE.

Twenty-three cases of robbery with violence were reported to the Police during the year as against 22 in 1921.

In 21 cases, no arrest was made; in the remaining 2 cases arrests were made.

In one of these two cases a conviction was obtained (one person). In the other case, there was no conviction (2 persons).

K 3

OTHER FELONIES.

Under this heading are comprised the following:-

Cutting and wounding.

Demanding money or goods with menaces....... 27

Embezzlement

Forgery

House-breaking

Receiving stolen property

Child stealing.

Indecent assault........

Rape......

Throwing corrosive fluid

Arson or attempted arson..

Shooting with intent to kill

Wounding with intent to murder

1922. 1921.

28

32

11

58

51

19

25

57

48

40

56

3

1

2

4

10

Attempting to murder

Administering poison with intent to murder

Wounding and causing grievous bodily harm

Ι

1

3

Abominable Offence

Act of gross indecency

2

Accessory after the fact of murder

1

Accessory before the fact to kidnapping.

1

Forging valuable securities

1

Gaol Breaking

Uttering forged bank notes

Falsification of accounts

Aiding and abetting in an armed robbery... Having carnal knowledge of a girl

Being in possession of coining machinery

Detaining person to procure a ransom

Being in possession of explosive substance......

266 256

1

1

1

I

1.

1

The number of cases in which convictions were obtained was 105 as against 103 in 1921.

GAMBLING.

One hundred and twenty gambling warrants were executed during the year as against 157 in 1921. There were 6 cases in which no conviction was obtained.

Fourteen were lottery cases, compared with 32 in 1921.

PROPERTY REPORTED STOLEN AND PROPERTY RECOVERED.

The estimated value of property stolen during the year was $882,674.48 as against $376,531.78 in 1921, an increase of $506,142.70.

K 4

The average for the last five years is $492,558.91 an increase on the average report in 1921 of $118,790.46.

The value of property recovered during the year was $81,099.81 as against $34,383.99 in 1921, an increase over property recovered in the previous year of $46,715.82.

LOST PROPERTY.

The following is a return showing property lost or recovered:-

Articles.

Year. reported Value lost.

lost.

Articles recovered and articles found which were not reported lost.

Value of

Articles. found.

1922

355

$34,363.23

95

$3,589.34

1921

394

$21,445.80

131

$3,844.48

PIRACY PREVENTION.

Number of searchers employed under the Prevention of Piracy

Ordinance 1914-

European Sergeants

Chinese Constables

Female Searchers

5

30

ī

1

Female Searchers (Private)

Number of Guards Employed up to 31st December 1922:-

Staff: --One European Sergeant in charge.

One European Lance Sergeant (from November

1922).

One. Indian Sergeant Major.

Steamer Guards (Indian)

Steam Launch Guards (Chinese) Shore Guards (Indian)

...

Shore Guards (Chinese)

-1922, 1921.

284 248 20 28

275 203

Total of Guards enployed

24 17

603 496

Number of vessels which have entered into bond up to 31st

December, 1922;-

Steamers

Steam Launches

Total

:

1922. 1921.

223 205

37

36

260 241

>K 5

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

Weight and

Measures Examined.

Foreign Scales...

Chinese Scales ...

Yard Measures.....

Check Measures

...

:

Total

Correct.

Incorrect.

Total.

32

3

35

...

2,432

40

2,472

677

12

689

1,040

1

1,041

4,171

56

4,237

The following prosecutions were instituted under the Weights and Measures Odinance :-

Number of Cases.

32

Convictions.

31

Fines.

$351

· DANGEROUS Goods.

The following prosecutions were instituted under the Dangerous Goods Ordinance :-

Number of Cases.

א

Convictions.

8

Fines.

$980

TRAFFIC REGULATIONS,

The following prosecntions were instituted under the Traffic Regulations (Notification No. 231 Government Gazette of the 30th of April 1920) :--

Prosecu- tions.

Convictions.

With- Dis- Remand- drawn. charged. ed.

Result.

3.281

3,151

27

92

11

Fines $11,745

K 6

The total number of accidents reported during the year was 110 as against 135 in 1921 :---

1. Motor Car

2. Truck

3. Ricksha

4. Tramcar

Total

74

13

6

17

110

1921

The total number of fatal accidents was 22 as against 16 in

----

1. Motors

2. Trucks

...

3. Tramcar..

12

Total

22

MENDICANTS.

During the year 1922, three hundred and thirty-nine mendicants are arrested and dealt with as follows:-

5 mendicants charged before the Magistrate.

10

4

12

1

221

50

20

6

12

27

D

23

""

وو

sent to Tung Wah Hospital handed back to their parents. sent to Shanghai.

let go by order of C.S.P, sent to Canton once.

"

77

"

>>

twice. 3 times.

4

6

25

""

""

"

1

9

22

22

"

1

11

"}

""

14

A

""

"

19

Total,

339

DEAD BODIES.

Table II shows the number of unknown dead bodies found by the Police in the streets and elsewhere during the year.

DEPORTEES AND VAGRANTS.

918 persons were banished from Hongkong as compared

with 847 in 1921.

737 persons were deported from the Straits Settlements and sent home by the Police as against 651 in 1921.

1,624 persons discharged from Victoria Gaol were entered in Police Criminal Records as against 1,748

in 1921.

K 7

1,021 Vagrants were received from the Straits Settlements and sent home by Police as against 1,081 in 1921.

2,609 undesirables were received from Dutch East Indies and sent ou by the Police as against 817 in

1921.

861 undesirables were received from Saigon and sent on

by the Police as against 1,582 in 1921.

752 Time-expired labourers were received from Balik- papan and repatriated by the Police at the expense of the Asiatic Petroleum Co. Ltd.

73 Coolies were received from the Straits Settlements and sent on by the Police as against 437 in 1921.

LICENCES.

The following licences were issued during 1922 :-

1.200 Hongkong Public Jinrikshas.

1,392

""

Private

"

700 Kowloon Public

41 Sze Ka Che

"

850 Hongkong Public Chairs.

16 Upper Level Jinrikshas. 30 Peak Jinrikshas.

263 Hongkong Private Chairs.

60 Hill District Chairs.

26,424 Drivers and Bearers.

1,585 Truck Licences.

196 Motor Car (Livery).

399

928

(Private).

(Drivers).

313 Motor Cycle Drivers.

329

Licences.

211 Money Changers.

141 Pawn-brokers Licences.

7 Licences to store Petroleum in Bulk.

5

"

Fuel.

Phosphorous.

1

";

8

.22

"

Rockets. ""

Poisons (wholesale).

295 Chinese Wine and Spirits (Old Territories).

83

(New

>>

23 Licences to store Sulphur Acid and Nitric Acid.

3 Auctioneer Licences.

3 Licences to store Acetone.

2 Billiard Tables or Bowling Alleys.

17 Licences to store Calcium Carbide.

2

22

"

19

Chlorate Mixture.

of Potassium and other

Chlorates,

15

13

Compressed Oxygen. Dissolved Acetylene.

11 Distillery Licences (Old Territories).

21

(New

).

"

K.8

134 Licences to store Dynamite and 134 Detonators.

Ether and Alcoholic Liquids.

91

15

-

71

13

291

6

18

"

1.108

74

to shoot and take game.

to store Gunpowder.

"

Kerosene Oil (in godown).

*

(ordinary).

(New Territories).

28 Marine Store.

31 Licences to store Naphtha and Benzine.

45

"

2

19

""

10,194 Hawkers.

(in Garage).

Nitrobenzine or Oil of Nirbane.

DOGS ORDINANCE

3,661 dogs were licensed during 1922.

13 watch dogs were licensed free of charge.

652 stray dogs were impounded,

454 were destroyed,

188 sold or claimed, leaving 5 in Home at the end of the

year 1922.

dogs were destroyed at the request of owners.

ARMS ORDINANCE,

No licences for importing or dealing in arins or ammunition were issued during the year 1922.

The following arms and ammunition were seized and confiscated" during the year 1922--

1922 1921

1922

1921

Winchester Rifles...

Revolvers

670 173

Winchester Ammu. Revolver

9.891 rds, 112 590.

11,187 rds.

21.587

Automatic Pistols...

35

49

Antomatic

!!

Mauser Pistols

301

536

Manser

7,880 76,394

25.387

"

$1.887

Shot guns

2

Shotgun

Nil.

777

Rifles

13

Rifie

11,635

Sub Machine Guns

Sub Machine

Gun

1,500

PROFICIENCY IN LANGUAGES.

The following certificates were obtained during the year 1922:-

1922

1921

Europ-

Indians. Chinese,

Europ-

Indians. Chinese.

eans.

eans.

Cantonese 1st Certificate

19

14

2nd

N

17

}}

3rd

33

#

Hoklo

1st

**

2nd

JA

Hindustani 1st

2nd

11

English

1st

2nd

14

:

~

1

30

46

62

K 9

ANNUAL MUSKETRY COURSE 1922-1923.

EUROPEANS.

Two hundred and one Europeans fired their musketry Course and were classified as under :---

Marksmen

1st Class Shots

2nd

3rd

19

1922.

1921.

15

16

33

35

102.

73

51

35

201

159

Sub: Inspector Macnab Wilson obtained the highest score viz., 191 out of a possible 200 points.

INDIANS.

Four hundred and fifty-one Indians fired their Musketry Course and were classified as under :-

Marksmen

1st Class Shots

2nd 3rd

27

""

22

:

1922.

192 L.

10

3

44

10

209

49

188

212

451

274

Sergeant Major Nand Singh obtained the highest score riz.. 171 out of a possible 200 points.

REVOLVER COURSE. EUROPEANS.

One hundred and seventy-six Europeans fired their Revolver Course and were classified as under:-

1st Class Shots

2nd 3rd

""

ད་

1922. 1921.

47

38

80

102

49

10

176

150

INDIANS.

Four hundred Indians fired their Revolver Course and were classified as under:

1st Class Shots

2nd 3rd

>"

>>

1922. 1921.

77

192

131

400

274

K 10

CHINESE.

Five hundred and twenty Chinese fired their Revolver Course and were classified as under :

1st Class Shots

2nd 3rd

""

"

27

1922.

1921.

36

102

382

520

93

IDENTIFICATION BY FINGER IMPRESSIONS.

Number of searches made 9,339, an increase of 5,240 over 1921. Number of persons identified by finger print impressions: 1,746 an increase of 562 persons over 1921.

Number of records filed, 5,675 an increase of 1,635 over 1921.

Number of persons convicted of Breach of the Banishment Ordinance 85, an increase of 34 persons over 1921.

Number of persons identified by their finger print impressions for Breach of the Market Ordinance 802, an increase of 479 persons over 1921.

CONDUCT.

The conduct of the European Contingent (average strength 188,) was good. The total number of reports against them was 60 as against 57 in 1921.

There were 5 reports for being drunk or under the influence of drink as against 3 in 1921.

No Officer was reported for sleeping on duty as against 4 in 1921; and there were 19 reports for neglect of duty as against 5 in 1921. The conduct of the Indian Contingent (average strength 431) was good. There were 330 reports as against 353 for the preced- ing year. For drunkenness there were 10 as against 10, for disorder- ly conduct 24 as against 30, for neglect of duty 87 as against 50, for absence from duty 85 as against 64, for gossiping and idling on duty 47 as against 42 and for sleeping on duty 21 as against 20.

254 men had no report as against 250 in 1921.

1 Indian Policeman was convicted by the Police Magistrate for larceny (dismissed from the Force).

The behaviour of the Chinese Contingent (average strength 550) was fair. There were altogether 977 reports as against 994 in 1921. For drunkenness there was one as against 3, 92 for sleeping on duty as against 73, 25 for disorderly conduct as against 22, and 424 for minor offences as against 374. 229 men had no report as against 268 in 1921. 5 C. C.s were convicted by the Police Magistrate (dismissed from the Force), 3 for accepting bribes: 2 for Assault.

K 11

The seamen, coxswains, engineers, and stokers (average strength 212) had 110 reports as compared with 176 for the previous year. For disorderly conduct there was I as against 2 in 1921, 9 for neglect of duty as against 5, 87 for absence from station and being late for duty as against 138 and 8 for sleeping on duty as against 7 in the previous year. 77 men had no report recorded against them as compared with 91 in 1921.

HEALTH.

Admissions to Hospital during the last three years were as

follows:-

1920.

1921.

1922.

Nationality.

Fstablish-

Admis-

ment of

Establish- ment of

Establish-

Admis-

sions.

sions.

the Force.

the Force.

ment of the Force.

Admis- sions.

Europeans,.

178

170

185

135

188

145

Indians..

477

546

430

455

431

497

Chinese,.

626

322

726

381

762

326

Return of Police treated in Government Civil Hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever during the year 1922 :-

Old Territories.

New Territories.

Nationality.

Establishment of the Force.

Establishment

Treated.

of the Force.

Treated.

Europeans,

Indians,

Chinese,

171

12

17

5

313

85

118

90

705

35

57

29

In addition to cases treated in Hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever the cases treated for Fever in the various stations in the New Territories without being removed to Hospital were :~

Europeans 16, Indians 102, Chinese 73.

WATER POLICE.

Details concerning the Water Police are contained in Annexe A.

RECRUITING.

Details concerning recruiting and the Police Training School will be found in Annexe B.

SPECIAL EVENTS.

1. The Seamen's Strike.-On the 13th January the Seamen's

Jan.13.

K. 12

Union, a newly created Labour Union, declared a strike of all Cantonese employed on both Ocean-going and River steamers calling at Hongkong, in consequence of the refusal of the respective owners to meet their demands for :-

(a) Increases of pay.

(b.) Recognition of Union and other similar demands.

The strike dragged on for some time owing to the impossibility of ascertaining who the responsible representatives of the Union were, as the Union's chief representatives left for Canton with the bulk of the strikers. On February 1st the Seamen's Union was declared an unlawful Society and was closed by the Police in consequence of intimidation, which led to the Stevedores and cargo coolies declaring a sympathetic strike. Efforts to settle the strike were made by various public bodies without success until on the 28th of February all the bakers, butchers and eventually the domestic servants went out on strike in sympathy with the Seamen, thus seriously interfering with the Colony's food supplies. A Proclamation was thereupon issued by the Governor in Council prohibiting the departure of any Chinese from the Colony unless provided with the necessary permit to leave. In consequence of this order and the impossibility of leaving the Colony by water or by rail a large number of strikers chiefly domestic servants and cooks determined to force their way over the border by taking the main road to Sham Chun via Tai Po. They started early on the 3rd March and came into collision with the Police at the Kowloon water works. They were called upon to stop, but refused and broke through the Police cordon. They were again stopped near the 8th milestone by Police assisted by some troops and on they again refusing to stop and breaking through the Police, they were fired on by the troops. Five persons were killed or died as a result of their injuries, but the crowd then dispersed and returned to Hongkong. At the judicial enquiry which terininated on 21st March, the jury found a verdict of justifiable homicide thereby endorsing the action of the Police and Military authorities. On March 6th the strike was, settled and the Seamen's Union was allowed to re-open.

2. Murder of Leung Yuk-tong alias Jack A Tai-During the progress of the strike various persons connected with shipping received threatening letters. Among others Leung Yuk-tong senior partner of the firm of stevedores known as Jack A Tai was threatened and on the 24th February as he was passing in his ricksha from Messrs. Butterfield & Swire's office to his own premises he was shot from behind and instantly killed by a man who ran up to his ricksha and fired at him at point blank range in the vicinity of Queen's Statue Pier. The murderer, one Leung Wo, who was evidently a hired assassin was fortunately caught by some bystanders. He was convicted and hanged after his appeal to the Privy Council had been dismissed. There were no further murders of the kind during the strike but several murders, some successful, in which employers of labour were the victims, were perpetrated during the year. This form of crime appears now to have been checked.

3. Visit of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. -On April 7th H. R. H. the Prince of Wales visited the Colony and spent

K 13

two days here on his way through to Japan. He met with an excel- lent reception from the native population, particularly so considering the disturbed conditions which prevailed shortly before his arrival.

4. Launchmen's Strike.-Early in May the launchmen in the harbour who were among the last to go out on strike in sympathy with the seamen struck work for higher wages. The strike was settled satisfactorily after an interval of 10 days during which some inconvenience was occasioned by the irregular ferry service across the harbour. Otherwise the community suffered but little. Strikes of various classes of labour continued throughout the year, but most if not all were settled amicably before the close of the year.

5. Political changes in Canton affecting the Colony.-Shortly after the Seamen's Strike the Canton Government changed hands as a result of a split between Sun Yat Sen and Chan Kwing Ming. The former was ousted and the latter assumed control. The labour organizations began to settle down as a result of the change and, though they endeavoured to assume a more militant attitude towards the end of the year when Chan Kwing Ming was in turn ousted from Canton and Sun Yat Sen returned, the latter gave them no encour- agement and they speedily resumed their normal functions.

6. Closing of Guilds.---As a result of their interference with the food supplies of the Colony the Hip Tsun Tsung Kung She cooks and servants Union was declared an unlawful Society by Government Proclamation on 14th December, and closed. The only other Union which was declared unlawful was the notorious Kong Ng Lun Shun Kung Wui, which was prescribed on 13th October, 1922. This society though nominally the Union of the Hongkong and Wuchow Steamer employees had got into bad hands and formed the chief resort of the criminal classes in the Colony. It was therefore with great relief that the general bulk of the Chinese population of the Colony witnessed the closing down of the society, whose evil reputation dates back for many years.

7. Outbreak of violent crime. - -One of the most serious results of the change of Government in Canton twice during the year and the consequent fighting was the outbreak of crimes of violence in the Colony following closely on each series of fighting. In August and September there were numerous highway and armed robberies, many of them traced to ex-soldiers or unemployed seamen, and again in December continuing up to the Chinese New Year (February 1923). The large increase in armed robberies and murders as revealed in this Report testifies to the seriousness of these waves of violent crime. The Police were successful in bringing a number of offenders to book and the heavy sentences imposed on them by the Courts together with increased restrictive Police measures ap- pear to have horn fruit as these crimes, though still prevalent have very largely decreased since the New Year (Chinese). Notable among a number of robberies which involved promiscuous shooting in the streets was the Wing Wo Street Kobbery, which took place at dusk on the 29th September, during which a Chinese detective No. 100 Sin Chun was fatally shot by the robbers, as they were

K 14

leaving the robbed premises. Two of the robbers were caught in a chase which followed, convicted and hanged. A remarkable feature of the armed robberies during the year was the valuable assistance rendered on several occasions by civilians chiefly non Chinese, but also Chinese in some cases, who assisted thongh unarmed in follow- ing and capturing armed robbers, and were in some instances re- sponsible for the actual capture of the criminals. Not only the Police, but the public owe them a great debt of gratitude for their bravery and skill in effecting captures under trying and dangerous conditions.

8. Sui An Piracy.- Serious as was the state of crime on shore it was almost surpassed on the water by the daring and successful piracy of the Hongkong, Canton & Macao Steamboat Co.'s steamer Sui An on Sunday the 19th November. This river steamer which plies between Hongkong and Macao was pirated when about 1 hour out from Macao at sunset. Full details of the piracy are contained in the Report of the Commission of Enquiry into this piracy which was laid before the Legislative Council on the Sth February, 1923. Suffice it to say that in spite of the provision of armed guards and safety devices required under the terms of the Piracy Prevention Ordinance of 1914 the pirates succeeded in holding up the ship and taking her into Bias Bay, a bay not far outside the waters of the Colony where they left her, having stripped the passengers and crew of all their money and valuables and the ship of the contents of the compradore's and purser's safes and anything else of value. Owing to the completeness of the surprise the loss of life was small. Two of the Indian guards were killed during the plucky fight which they put up against severe odds, 2 others were wounded, as was also the Captain while attempting to gain the bridge. The Captain was very fortunate to escape with his life. This occur- rence only goes to show even more clearly perhaps than the state of crime ashore the very serious state of disorder prevailing in South China at the present time, which makes the preservation of peace and good order in the Colony and its vicinity a very difficult matter. Armed troops are everywhere and arms are procurable in spite of the general prohibition of the import of arms into China as well as Hongkong.

9. Arms Smuggling. One of the most serious problems of the passed year has undoubtedly been the question of the traffic in arms. The large stocks left over in Europe and America as a result of the Great war find a ready market in China, though under international agreement the import is prohibited. During the latter months of the year many of the larger passenger ships arriving from the Pacific coast of America failed to complete their stay in port without the discovery of arms either on board or in transit from ship to shore : Arms in transit were also found stored on shore. Heavy sentences on all offenders including a number of non Chinese have had a good effect, but it is not possible to say at the present juncture that the traffic has been checked. As long as fighting continues between rival military factions so long will there be a market not only for arms for the military, but also for civilians who find themselves at the mercy of so-called troops often bandits in disguise, and whatever the penalties they still

K 15

endeavour to secure their own protection by smuggling through sufficient supplies to make some defence possible. It is sincerely to be hoped that a halt may soon be called to the incessant fighting among the military leaders in China: for without it the cominunity must expect crime to flourish inside as well as outside the borders of the Colony.

10. Increase of Police Force.-Owing to the disturbed state of the neighbouring province which was reflected in the increase of crime in the Colony, it was decided to increase the Police force during the year. 32 additional European Police were recruited and the Colony was fortunate in obtaining among the new recruits a large number of ex-R.I.C. men whose services should prove most valuable. Additions were made to the Indian and Chinese contingents also, the total increase amounting to 232 men. The policy of enlarging the force has more than justified itself by the subsequent decrease in crime,

11. Creation of Criminal Investigation Department :-Daring the year the working of the Detective Branch of the Police was specially enquired into with the result that the creation of the Criminal Investigation Department followed with a Superintendent in charge as Director Criminal Intelligence assisted by a second Superintendent as A.D.C.I. The D.C.I. did not actually take over his duties until after the new year (1923). Further a strict scrutiny of the work of the Chinese detectives led to the dismissal of a few, the retirement of a number of older men, and the return to regular duty of a number of detectives whose work was con- sidered unsatisfactory.

12. Northern Chinese Recruits.—During the year arrangements were made to recruit Chinese from. Wei Hai Wei for the Hongkong Police force. Two European Police officers were sent to Wei Hai Wei in September to recruit and train the first batch of 50 odd men and their training was proceeding satisfactorily at Wei Hai Wei at the close of the year.

REWARDS.

Third Class Medal was granted to P.S.B. 246 Nabi Bux for exceptionally good work done by him as Traffic patrol sergeant.

L.S.C. 185 Tang Sang was granted a reward of $20.00 for assiduous work in connection with a case of godown breaking at West Point on 6. 12. 21. Three men were sentenced at the Police Court to 3 months, H.L. and 3 others convicted at the Supreme Court, two to 2 years H... and one to 18 months, H.L.

P.C.C. 380 Lai Shing was granted a reward of $15.00 for the smart capture in Parkes Street of a man, who had committed a burglary. All property recovered.

I.P.C.B. 417 Makan Khan and I.P.C.B. 284 Wali Mohamed were granted a reward of $5.00 each for alertness on duty on 30. 1. 22 in effecting the arrest of a man, who had broken into No. 104 Tai Nam Street, Sham Shui Po, and the recovery of the stolen property.

K 16

P.C.C. 41 Sung Kwok Leung was granted a reward of $10,00 for good work in arresting a man who had committed a burglary at 287 Canton Road on 25, 1, 23. The man was convicted and sentenced to 6 months H.L. P.C.C. 78 Chan Hong was granted a reward of $25.00 for vigilance on duty which led to the arrest on 12. 6. 22. of a man, who had 2 loaded revolvers in his possession. The prisoner was sentenced to 18 months H.L.

P.C.C. 347 Wong Yui was granted a reward of $20.00 for alertness on duty and the smart capture of 3 men and 2 women at Yaumati Railway Station on 11. 8. 22 in a kidnapping case. The defendants were sentenced to 6 months H.L. each. Case No. 11276/77.

P.C.C. 146 Tsui Ping was commended by H.E. the Governor and granted a reward of $50 for courage and resource on 27. 6. 22 on the occasion of the pursuit and arrest of a man who had committed an armed robbery at the Sun Company's premises Des Voeux Road Central.

I.P.C.B. 158 Bhaggat Singh and P.C.C. 659 Li Wong were granted a reward of $10 each for zeal on duty on 5. 4. 22 at Muk Kung Hom, Sham Shui Po, when they arrested an armed robber, who with 3 others, had committed a robbery at an unnumbered matshed. Through this arrest 2 more arrests were made next day,

P.C.C. 194 Tsang Chuen was granted a reward of $10,00 for pluck in effecting the arrest of a Filipino who was armed with a loaded pistol on 1. 8. 22 outside the Pacific Mail Co.'s offices.

P.C.C. 276 Yam Ping was granted a reward of $10.00 for alertness on duty in effecting the arrest of a man, who had attempted to murder one Wan Ko on 27. 8. 22.

C. C. 532 Kung Pak-lam was granted a reward of $10.00 for alertness on duty in connection with a Highway Robbery at Tung Sam Hong on 29. 8. 22.

I.P.C. 412 Mahdi Khan was granted a gratuity of $25.00 for pluck in diving into the Harbour and rescuing a Chinese woman from drowning on 5. 10. 22.

P.S.B. 211 Tussain Bux and I.P.C.B. 416 Mohamed Khau were granted $30 and $20 respectively for alertness and zeal on duty in securing the arrest of a man armed with a loaded revolver and 3 unarmed men on Kowloon City Road on 19. 10. 22.

A.L.S.B.

9 Khan Dad.

P.C.B. 182 Mehdi Khan.

1

523 Pang Chi.

373 Kwa Wong.

652 Lau Ming.

were granted a reward of $10.00 each for good work performed by them in the Yim Tin Tsz Armed Robbery case on 16. 9, 22. Six persons were arrested and charged at the October Criminal Sessions, 3 were sentenced to 5 years H.L. and 12 strokes, 1 to 6 years ILL. and 12 strokes and 2 discharged.

K 17

Det. C. 125 Lam Kwan was granted $50, Detective C. 69 Mak Wa $50, Detective C. 219 Kwong Heung $25, and Detective C. 161 Tsoi Ying $25, as rewards for courage of the highest order in connection with the arrest of two of the murderers of Detective L.S.C. 100 Sin Chuen and the Armed Robbery at No. 26 Wing Wo Street on 29. 9. 22.

C.C. 294 Lo Yuk was granted a reward of $20.00 for good work in a larceny case of 600 lbs of marine metal bearings. One man was arrested and 425 lbs of property stolen recovered.

Detective C. 219 Kwong Heung and Detective C. 303 Kong Yee were granted a reward of $25.00 each for zeal in the per- formance of their duty in arresting 2 men who were carrying bombs and kerosine in Gough Street on 23. 11. 22.

E. D. C. WOLFE, Captain Superintendent of Police,

K 18

Annexe A.

REPORT ON THE WATER POLICE.

I have the honour to report that the strength of the Water Police as it now stands is 1 Inspector, 2 Sub-Inspectors, 3 Crown Sergeants, 17 Lance Sergeants, 27 Coxswains, 4 Botswains, 96 Seamen, 30 Engineers, 25 Stokers, 2 Barrack Sergeants, 2 Station Sergeants, 4 Station Orderlies, 2 Carpenters, 2 Painters, 1 Sail- maker, 2 Signalmen, 4 Detectives and 17 Boatmen, a total of 240.

Yearly return of Resignations, Dismissals, Desertions, Deceased and Transferred.

Resignations

Dismissals..

Desertions

Deceased

Transferred

7

4

Nil

3

I

15

LAUNCHES.

The four large patrol launches have been thoroughly overhaul- ed during the year besides being slipped quarterly and minor repairs effected. They are all running now in good order except No. 3 which is in dock under repairs. Electric light and search lights have been installed in Nos. 3 and 4.

The Harbour Patrol Launches have had their numbers changed.

No. 7 (old No. 6) and 8 have run continuously during the year and have been thoroughly overhauled and are in a satisfactory condition.

Nos. 5 and 7 have been sold and replaced by two new fast patrol launches built by the Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Co., and numbered 5 and 6.

These launches are very valuable for Police purposes. Suitable in every way for Harbour Patrol or big enough, if required, to go safely on any outside beat, they are the fastest launches in the Harbour with a speed of just under 11 knots.

No. 9 Motor Boat now No. 12 has not been running very well during the year it is now undergoing a General Repair.

No. 10 and 11 Motor Boats have done good work during the year and are in good order and running well.

All pulling boats and gear are in good order and condition. During the year No. 2 Police Launch has done most of her night patrols in Deep Bay. This launch has also kept the buoys marking the Shum Chun Channel in good order which makes the navigation of the difficult channel a simple matter.

K 19

New Vickers guns have been installed on each of the 4 cruising launches in place of the old Maxim guns.

Rifle and gun practice has been carried out on a modified scale by 1, 2, 3 and 4 Launches during the year.

During the seamen's Strike 4 launches were hired to assist in the Harbour Patrol, and did very good work,

C. W. BECKWITH, Commander, R. N., Deputy Superintendent of Water Police.

K 20

Annexe B.

POLICE TRAINING SCHOOL Report for 1922.

-Staff-Additions were made to the personnel of the School Staff during 1922. Mr. Young Siu-nung was appointed Second Teacher and Interpreter.

L.S. A90 Carpenter was appointed Musketry Instructor.

During the absence on long leave of S.I. Clark his duties were carried out by S. I. Booker and L. S. Carpenter.

Present Staff

Principal

www

...Inspector W. G. Gerrard Indian Teacher and Interpreter... Mr. K. Sohan Singh First Chinese Teacher & Inter. ...Mr. Pun Yau-tong

""

27

Second Chinese Vernacular Teacher

1 Indian Sergeant Major

1 Chinese

...Mr. Yeung Siu-nung

Mr. Li Man-wan ...Ali Bahadur Khan

...Kwong Tin-ban

1 European Drill Instructor ...Sub-Inspector Clark Musketry Instructor...L.S. A90 Carpenter

1

1

Physical Drill Instructor L.S. A114 Condon

5 Indian Drill Instructors

2 Chinese Physical Drill Instructors

Note. The Drill and Musketry Instructors (European : Indian and Chinese) do not form part of the permanent staff of the school.

They are regular duty men and receive extra pay for their

services.

Recruiting Table from 1st January to 31st December, 1922.

Continuing Instruction

Eur-

opean.

Indian Chinese.

District Watchmen.

from 1921

Recruited

Passed...

Resigned

Dismissed

Died

55

3

36

87

89

6

30

37

87

3

འ་

6

1

1

Transferred to other Go-

vernment Departments.

Continuing Instruction

13

8:

62

51

6

Conduct and Discipline.-The conduct and discipline of recruits, during the year, was satisfactory. One Indian Recruit was dismissed,

K 21

Two Chinese Recruits, unsuitable, were allowed to resign without completing their period of probation. Three Indian and four Chinese Recruits resigned voluntarily.

During the year five separate examinations were held at P.T.S. of Europeans, Indians and Chinese for promotion. The following Table gives the number of officers who qualified for the various ranks shown.

Europeans,

Indians, Cinese,

For Sub-

For In-

spector.

tor.

For For Lance | Inspec- Sergeant. Sergeant.

Remarks.

9

18

30

(Recruits)

21

Results deferred.

CURRICULUM.

M

-K 22 -

Europeans.

Police Regulations and General Instructions. Ordinances-all those that apply to Police. Police Code. Sections and Beats. Local Knowledge. Educational Subjects. Police Court Routine. Observation Lessons. Physical Drill. Squad and Rifle Drill. Musketry Course. Revolver Course.

Indians.

Police Regulations and

General Instructions.

Ordinances-selected. Sections and Beats. Local Knowledge. Police Court Routine. Observation Lessons. Physical Drill. Squad and Rifle Drill. Musketry Course. Revolver Course. Urdu and/or Gurmukhi and/or English.

Chinese.

District Watchunen Recruits.

Police Regulations and General Instructions.

Ordinances--selected, Sections and Beats. Local Knowledge. Police Court Routine. Observation Lessons. English and Arithmetic -elementary. Geography of China. Excerpts from Book of Morals.

Physical Drill. Squad and Rifle Drill. Musketry Course.

Revolver Course.

Police Regulation Book- selected portions and General Instructions.

Ordinances-selected. Local Knowledge, Physical Drill. Squad Drill.

District Watchmen Regulars.

Drilled Weekly on Tues- days and Fridays. During the year 3 men received instruction in Police Regulatious.

Note.-Defaulters sent to School (Indians and Chinese) receive special instruction according to the subject in which they are reported to be inefficient.

Year.

- K 23

Table I.

RETURN OF SERIOUS AND MINOR OFFENCES REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN COMMIT

Robbery with Violence and Assault with intent to rob.

Larcenies and

Burglaries.

1921.

Europeans and Americans,

Indians,

Chinese,

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

117 28

11 108 11

Cases.

Serious Offences.

Larcenies in

Dwelling-

Houses.

Murder, Manslaughter

and Other

Felonies.

Offences against Ordinance of Protection of

Women and

Children.

Unlawful

Possession.

Kidnapp

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

:

2

2

23,226 1,189 189 281 118 82

:

:

:

35

:

:

:

96 78

28 | 294 316

:

:

37

:

:

:

:གླུ

Total,......

117 28 11 108

23,232 1,199 189 2×3 120 82 96 78

28: 294

316 37

1922.

Europeans and Americans,

Indians,

Chinese,

:

211

10

Total,.

244

:

:

:

:

28 109 12

40 2

1

2 2

I

1

1

33,190

1,106 203 312 129

90 60

28 109

12

3 3,19 3 1,107 205315 131 91 61

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

11235

55

@

12 336

313

58

56 12336 313

58

2

~

:

:

GI

-

K 23

Table I.

'ORTED TO HAVE BEEN COMMITTED DURING THE YEARS 1921 AND 1922.

nst

1 of

d

Unlawful Possession.

Kidnapping.

Discharged.

:

:

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

:

:

:

28 294 316 37

28:294 316 37

2336

2336

:

:

:..

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Cases.

Assault and Disorderly Conduct.

Minor Offences.

Gambling.

Drunkenness.

Miscellaneous

Total of

Nuisances.

Offences.

all cases

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

39

74

5

11 14

478 557

:

1

1

:

80459| 1,974 | 193

42

42

11 11

:

:

:..

61 61

937

937

528 645 85 460 1,975|193|14|114

937 937

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

28 29

3

27

27

:

:

12 13

1

7

:

313 58 2 2

1 502 724 | 65 |47|| 1,767 | 143

23

23

1,388 1,388

B

313

58

10

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

39

41

125

22

24 4

48

6,012 8,753 817

12,069

6,073 8,821827 12,242

44

65

2

104

15

23 5

36

7,162 9,615 818

13,799

1 542 766 69471 1,767 | 143

57

57

1,388 1,388

7,221 9,703 825

13,939

KOWLOON.

K 24

Table II.

DUMPED BODIES, 1922.

HARBOUR.

EI

1 month

5

1 mouth

and

Under

one

month.

under

1 year.

5 years.

and

under

15 years.

1 year and under

5 years

15 years

and

over.

Under

one

month.

and

under

1 year and under

years

and

15 years

and

Under

under

5 years.

over.

one

month.

1 year.

15 years.

1 month

and

under

1 year.

1 year and

under

5 years.

5 years

and

15 years

and

under

over.

Under

one

month.

1 month

and

under

15 years.

1 year.

VICTORIA.

sex

m.

unk.

m.

sex

m.

f.

unk.

in.

f.

n).

!

S

30

32

10

25

115

86

19

21

f.

m.

f.

sex

lunk.

sex

m.

f.

m.

lunk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

Co

33

22

629

62

51

30

88

79

21 19 13

1

:

sex

junk.

m.

f.

m. f.

sex

unk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

£,

m.

2

11

8

40 | 31

10

20

16

Year.

Victoria.

Kowloon, Harbour. Elsewhere.

Total.

Males. Females. Unknown. Children.

Adults.

1916,

250

183

101

36

570

321

239

10

470

100

1917,

349

233

142

74

798

397

386

15

751

47

1918,

335

330

182

88

935

509

405

21

902

33

1919,

220

144

139

77

580

312

252

16

574

6

1920,

235

257

126

38

656

295

347

14

650

6

1921,

208

282

108

43

641

340

287

14

630

11

1922,

382

392

137

30

941

527

407

7

890

51

5 years

and

under

15 years.

in,

· KOWLOON.

K 24

Table II.

DUMPED BODIES, 1922.

HARBOUR,

ELSEWHERE.

15 years

and

over.

Under

one

month.

1 month

and

under

1 year and under

years

and

15 years

Under

under

5 years.

and

over.

one

month.

1 month

and

under

1 year.

15 years.

1 year.

1 year and

under

5 years.

5 years

1 month

and

15 years

and

Under

one

under

15 years.

over.

month.

and

under

. 1 year.

1 year and

under

5 years.

and

5 years

under

15 years.

Total.

15 years

and

over.

f.

n).

sex

£.

m.

f.

lunk.

m.

f.

sex

junk.j

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

3 33 22

62

51

88

79

21

19

13

I

sex

m.

f.

m.

Junk.

sex

نه

m. f.

f.

m.

junk.

m. f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

2

11

8 | 40 | 31

10

*

00

:

:

Year.

Victoria, Kowloon.

Harbour. Elsewhere.

Total, Males. Females. Unknown. | Children.

Adults.

1916,

250

183

101

36

· 570

321

239

10

470

100

1917,

349

233

142

74

798

397

386

15

751

47

1918,

335

330

182

88

935

509

405

21

902

33

1919,

220

144

139

77

580

312

252

16

574

6

1920,

235

257

126

38

656

295

347

14

650

6

1921,

208

282

108

43

641

340

287

14

630

1922,

382

392

137

30

941

527

407

890

51

Co

m.

f.

sex

unk.

10

:

m.

f. m.

f.

Q

941

K 25

Table III.

Return showing the Establishment and Casualties in the Force during the year 1922:-

Nationality.

Establishment of the Force.

Enlistments.

Deaths.

Resignations through

sickness.

Resignations through expiry of terms of service or otherwise.

Dismissals or Desertions.

Total Number

of Casualties.

Europeans,

188

44

9

Indians,

431

84

I

10

25

17

:

44

Chinese,

762 104

41

61

113

Total, 1,381 232

13

13

60

88

174

This number includes the Police paid by other Departments, also the Engineers, Coxswains, Stokers, etc., but it is exclusive

of:-

1 Captain Superintendent.

2 Deputy Superintendents. 3 Assistant Superintendents, 1 Probationer.

1 Accountant.

1 Storekeeper.

1 Police Secretary.

13 Clerks.

10 Telephone Clerks.

40 Sergeant Interpreters.

120 Messengers and Coolies.

2 Indian and 2 Chinese Constables who are employed by

Private Firms.

Actual Strength on the 10th December, 1922.

Europeaus.

Indians. Chinese.

Total.

Present,

179

361

730

1,270

Sick or Absent on

leave,

9

70

32

111

Excess over Estimates'

17

19

39

Vacancies,

Total

205

450

765

1,420

K 26

EXECUTIVE STAFF.

Mr. E, D, C. Wolfe went on special duty to Wei Hai Wei from July 7th, 1922, to August 4th and Mr. P. P. J, Wodehouse C.I.E. acted as Captain Superintendent of Police during this period.

Mr. L. H. V. Booth was appointed Assistant Superintendent of Police on February 11th, 1922. He was seconded to the Harbour Department as Acting Assistant Harbour Master from April 20th to November 26th, and was on vacation leave from that date until December 31st.

Mr. J. Kerr formerly Chief Inspector was appointed an Assistant Superintendent of Police on August 1st, 1922.

Mr. W. R. Scott, Police Probationer arrived in the Colony on December 8th, 1922, and proceeded to Canton to study Cantonese.

Inspector R. Macdonald was appointed Chief Inspector in succession to Mr. J. Kerr promoted on August 1st, 1922.

Tabe IV.

Table showing the Total Strength, Expenditure, and Revenue of the Police and Fire Brigade Departments for the years 1913 to

1922 :-

Total Strength.

Expenditure.

Revenne Collected

Year.

by the

Police Force.

Fire

Police Brigade. Force.

Fire

Police

Brigade.

Force.

1913....

1,247

105

756,663

35,319

185,250

1914.

1,304

106

789,100

35,913

193,915

1915..

1,289

106

765,911

34,922

185,589

1916..

1,215

106

703,743

36,574

192,796

1917

1,229

104

694,115

32,621

210,071

1918..

1,228

104 727,233

37,979

219,012

1919....

1,228

104

840,977

75,798

225,031

1920..

1,281

127

1,165,084

63,844

229,122

1921..

1,341

140

1,443,627

83,470

259,876

1922.

1,381

174 1,533,772

177,799 376,347

NOTE. NO

revenue

Ambulance fees.

is collected by the Fire Brigade except

K 27

REPORT BY THE CHIEF OFFICER HONGKONG

FIRE BRIGADE.

The close of 1922 may be considered as bringing with it the completion of the scheme of re-organization of the Fire Brigade, transferring the control and staffing of the Brigade from the Police to the newly created body of professional firemen. During the year large numbers of Chinese firemen were enlisted also motor drivers, and with the advent of Mr. Saunders, the new Station Officer and finally Mr. Brooks, the new Superintendent, the European Staff may be considered for the time being complete. Valuable work was done by Mr. Moss, Assistant Engineer and Station Officer in re-organizing the Brigade, but it was not until the arrival of the Superintendent that the whole re-organization scheme was completed and the different branches of the Brigade co-ordinated. The Brigade now consists of:--

3 professional European firemen as officers.

1 European Engineer (part time).

80 firemen.

24 motor drivers.

and various other details.

2. The land equipment has been greatly increased as shown in the Superintendent's report attached (Annexe C.); and the Fire floats; [see Engineer's report Annexe D.] have been brought up to date by the provision of an electric Search light, flood lights and general lighting on No. 1 float and similar lighting on a smaller scale on the No. 2 float. The increase in the number of harbour fires during the year gives rise to the consideration of the question of the adequacy of the Colony's fire protection afloat. Shipping is increasing as is the size of ships to such an extent that it may be necessary before long to consider the provision of a very much larger float than the existing No. 1 float. Further the constantly recurring shortage of water in the City and Kowloon makes reliance on the floats for fires near the sea front more than ever imperative.

3. Work on the new Central Fire Station continued throughout the year the foundations being completed during that period. The new Station which is a 7 story building is, however, hardly likely to be ready for occupation within less than 3 years from

now.

E. D. C. WOLFE,

Chief Officer, Hongkong Fire Brigade.

.

K 28

Annexe C.

Sir,---I beg to submit the following report for the year ended 31st December, 1922.

NUMBER OF CALLS, FIRE, ETC.

The Brigade received 143 calls to fires, or supposed fires, the number for the year 1921 being 131. The number of fires excluding chimney fires attended by the Brigade was 102 of which 11 were serious fires.

SERIOUS FIRES.

The two most serious fires occurred on the 31st July and the 10th November. The former fire occurred at Duddell Street, Central, and necessitated three motor pumps and six hydrants to extinguish the outbreak, while on the latter date at Belcher Street, Kennedy Town, West, three motor pumps, four hydrants and one Fire Float were used. Other extensive fires occurred at Des Voeux Road West on the 27th February; S. S. “Japan on 30th March ; S. S. "Peking Maru" on 27th June; Mount Kellett Road Peak on 27th September; High Street, Victoria, on 30th September; Canton Road, Yaumati, on 26th November; Tung Lo Wan on 26th Novem- ber; Queen's Road Central on 29th November; and Queen's Road West on 26th December.

LIVES LOST.

During the year 4 lives were lost due to fires viz., 3 at Belcher Street, Kennedy Town W. on the 10th November and 1 at Canton Road, Yaumati on the 26th November.

COMMENDATIONS.

Members of the Brigade were commended on three occasions during 1922 viz:-

By the Chief Officer

""

By His Excellency the

Governor

for loyalty during Seamen's strike. for duties discharged at fire S. S.

Peking Maru on 27th June.

for duties discharged at fire at Duddell

Street on 31st July.

OFFICERS AND MEN INJURED.

The number of Officers and men injured in the execution of duty was 10, summarised as follows:-

Burns and scalds

Contusions ...

Injuries to feet and legs

Injuries to body...

Injuries to hands and arms

Injuries to eyes...

--

1

1

...

1

...

1

1

K 29

SICKNESS AND DEATH.

There were 54 cases of illness, two of which resulted in death.

APPOINTMENTS,

Acting Station Officer G. C. Moss was appointed Asst. Engineer and Station Officer on 24th March with effect from 19th December, 1921.

Mr. G. Saunders from Croydon Fire Brigade was appointed Station Officer on 22nd July and Officer in Charge of Kowloon Fire Station vice Foreman C. F. Alexander P. Sgt. A. 148.

Mr. H. T. Brooks from London Fire Brigade was appointed Superintendent on 11th September, 1922.

In addition to the above 56 men (Chinese) were appointed to various ranks in the Brigade.

TRANSFERS RESIGNATIONS AND DISMISSALS,

The services of Temporary Assistant Station Officer P. Master- son were dispensed with on 30th September and of other ranks (Chinese) 30 men were struck off the strength of the Brigade viz

2 transferred to the Police.

16 resigned.

12 dismissed.

EXTENSION OF KOWLOON FIRE STATION.

An extension to rear of Kowloon Fire Station was completed during the year, appreciable and convenient accommodation being provided for 32 men. The fitting of 2 sliding poles from the men's quarters to ground floor has proved an advantage in gaining access to the appliances quickly.

NEW TEMPORARY CENTRAL FIRE STATION.

The Brigade Staff and equipment from the Old Temporary Fire Station, Queen's Road Central were transferred to the New Tem- porary Fire Station, Des Voeux Road Central on the 14th December, accommodation for 4 appliances, 2 motor cars, 2 Officers and 64 men being provided.

EQUIPMENT.

During the year the equipment of the Brigade was considerably strengthened by the addition of the following:-

2Dennis Petrol Motor Pumps (capacity 450 to 500

gallons per minute).

2 "Bayleys" 55 ft. Fire Escapes.

1 "Merryweather" 93 ft. Motor Turntable Ladder. 4 "Foamite" Chemical Extincteurs.

4 Hook Ladders.

4 Hand controlled branches.

K 30

THEATRE AND OTHER DUTIES.

The number of duties performed by members of Brigade at public and private entertainments during the year was 1,551 the number of four hours duties being 287 and eight hour duties 1,264 thus a total of 11,260 hours.

MOTOR AMBULANCE SERVICE,

The Motor Ambulance service shows a considerable increase in the number of cases during 1922 when compared with previous Nos. 1 and 2 motor ambulances stationed at Central Fire Station and Kowloon Fire Station respectively have attended no fewer than 1,099 cases.

years.

No. 3 Ambulance (Old Patrol Waggon) stationed at Wanchai F.B.S. was out of commission during part of the year.

No. 1 Ambulance

No. 2

No. 3

13

Private

Police Cases.

Total.

Cases.

321

581

902

111

86

197

76

10

86

508

677

1185

Ambulance Calls

1922

1921

1920

Nos. 1, 2 and 3 Ambulances,

1,185

420

169

CALLING THE BRIGADE.

Pulic Telephone.

Delay in calling the Brigade by Public telephone is still evident by the "hold" many fires obtained before the Brigade actually received the call. A great percentage of the public are obviously unaware that direct communication to the Brigade can be obtained by merely asking for "Fire Brigade" and that it is unnecessary to look through the directory for the respective Fire Station's number; also that whistle blowing is only waste of time.

Fire Alarm System:

The laying underground of the electric wires connecting the 11 Street Fire Alarms, situated in various parts of Victoria to the Central Fire Station was completed during the latter part of the year, by which means the system was made entirely satisfactory.

H. T. BROOKS, Superintendent, Fire Brigade,

K 31

Table V.

STRENGTH OF Brigade.

The strength of the Brigade on the 31st December, 1922, totalled 160 including all ranks viz:-

FIRE STAFF.

Europeans 1 Chief Officer (C. S, P.)

1 Superintendent.

1 Consulting Engineer.

1 Asst. Engineer and Station Officer.

1 Station Officer.

4 Foremen (Police.)

Chinese- 1 Head Foreman.

3 Foremen.

80 Firemen.

18 Motor Drivers.

3 Coxswains.

2 Engineers.

6 Engine Drivers.

8 Stokers.

6 Seamen.

136

CLERICAL, TECHNICAL AND OTHER STAFF.

Chinese 3 Interpreters.

6 Telephone Clerks.

1 Motor Mechanic.

2 Fitters.

2 Motor Amb. Drivers.

6

17

3 Artisans.

1 Caretaker.

24

Attendants.

K 32

Table VI

Station Appliances, etc., on 31st December, 1922.

Appliances, etc.

Steam Fire Floats

Steam

Fire-engine on

raft

Skiffs

Motor Hose Tender

(No. 7)

Motor Escape Tender

(No. 1)

Motor Combinations

(Nos. 2, 5 & 6

Motor Pumps (Nos. 3 & 4) Motor Turntable Ladder

Steam Fire Engines

(Hand drawn).

Manual Fire Engine

(Hand drawn)...

Hose Reels (Hand drawn)

Dispatch Boxes

Fire Escapes

Ajax Ladders

Hook Ladders

Hook Belts

STATIONS

Outlying Districts

Total

and Police

Central Wanchai Kowloon Stations

:

1

3

3 (B)

:

:

:

:

:

2

00

3

N

30

40

:

At Aberdeen

Attached

to No. 1 F. Float

Smoke Helmets

+ Hose (unlined) feet

30

23 Hose (unlined) feet..... 7,600 4,600

7,200

15,900

35,300

On Fire Floats

On Fire

Floats

Including

Branches (Metal)

30 on Fire

9

10

5

70

92

Float and

Raft.

10

Branches (Ajax)

8

112

Branches

(Handcon-

trolled)

2

1

Stand-pipes.......

12

6

11

31

Chemical Extincteurs (5

gallons)

Chemical Extincteurs (2

gallons)

Street Fire Alarms

7

1

(B) Including 2 condemned.

14

*

Month.

K 33

Table VII.

Monthly Summary of Calls to Fires, etc., 1922.

Serious

"A"

January, February,

5

3

1

9

1

11

13

March,

9

April,

8

May,

June, July, August, September, October, November,

December,

1

31

6

1

11

1

6

7.

2:42

1

14

5 19

6

31

1

13

23

Total,...... 11

95

31

1

4

1

143

Estimated Monetary Loss by fire-$903,436,00

"A" Serious Fires:-In designating a fire "serious.

following points are considered :-

1. Approximate amount of damage.

2. Class of stock.

3. Hydrants and appliances at work.

4. Loss of life.

"

the

Of the 91 "slight" fires 19 were matshed fires, the majority of which resulted in the matsheds being totally destroyed.

STATION.

Name.

CALLS.

No. of fire alarms attached.

By Stranger.

By fire alarm.

By Exchange

Telephone.

By Government

Telephone. By Police

Telephone.

TOTAL.

Central

11

Wanchai

Kowloon

TOTAL

11

14

ลง

8.

47

8

33

No. 1 Fire Float was at work at 4 fires.

Table VIII.

Summary for 1922 of Calls and number of times Appliances were used.

APPLIANCES ATTENDING.

EXTINGUISHED BY

Dispatch Boxes.

Motor Tender.

Motor Escape Tender.

Motor

Combinations.

Motor Pumps.

Motor Turntable

Ladder.

Motor cars.

Steamers.

35

76

2

8

12

3

25

67

1

Buckets.

Extincteurs.

1st aid appliances.

Hand pumps.

Hydrants,

Engines.

Float engines.

88

40

1

143

18

25

23

102

76

3

8

1

77

11

16

64

20

8

4

5

LO

Sand.

36

10

34

11

4

N

y

1

4

7

1

32

5

23

6

4

3

1

No. 2 Fire Float was at work at 6 fires.

Other means.

K 34

Appendix L.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISONS FOR THE YEAR 1922.

1. The number of prisoners received into prison during the year and the corresponding number for the year 1921 were as follows:-.

1922.

1921.

Convicted by Ordinary Courts,

... 4,149

4,233

Convicted by Court Martial,

3

Nil

Debtors, ...

31

66

On remand or in default of finding surety,

831

691

Total...

5,014

4,990

There was an increase of 24 on the total number of admissions as compared with the year 1921. There was an increase of prisoners convicted for larceny during the year under review, the number being 870 against 844 for the previous year.

2. The number of Revenue Grade prisoners admitted to prisons was 2,791 made up as follows:

Convicted under the Opium Ordinance

25

>>

""

Gambling Ordinance,...

...

990 85

36

79

Arms and Ammunition Urd., Vehicles Ordinance,

...

Sanitary By-Laws Harbour Regulations..... Servants Quarters Ord., Marine Hawkers Ord.,

Dangerous Goods Ord.,

لا

4

6

35

65

""

""

16

"

Chinese Wine and Spirit Ord.,

27

4

42

16

99

""

>>

13

"

>>

55

"

??

""

>>

>>

Society Ordinance,

Public Health and Buildings

Ordinance,

Truck Ordinance,

...

Women and Girls (Protection)

Ordinance,

...

Pawnbrokers Ordinance,

Importation and Exportation

Ordinance,

Pharmacy and Poisons Ord., Tobacco Ordinance,

Indecent Exhibition Ord.,... Printing and Publishing Ord., Water Works Ordinance, ... Post Office Ordinance,

Magistrates' Ordinance, Police Regulations,

3

CO CO

9

137

4

5

14

1

3

Carried forward,...

...

1,569

...

1,569

11

22

534

16

20

L 2

Brought forward,.......

Convicted of committing nuisance in the street,...

=

unlawfully boarding steamers

hawking without a licence,

>>

""

33

cruelty to animals, ...

""

☺ ☺

**

""

**

"

keeping houses for prostitution,

illegal pawning,

...

travelling on river steamer without

paying legal fares,

drunkenness,

trespass

disorderly conduct, ...

assault, obstruction,

cutting trees

...

...

...

::

fighting,

**

mendicancy,

6

15

...

71

...

38

15

30

70

...

10

36

11

35

107

...

34

2

32

""

A

causing malicious damage,

unlawful possession of lottery tickets,

unlawful possession,

"

"

stealing,

""

F

15

possession of implement fit for un-

lawful purpose,

offering bribe, ...

...

...

obtaining by false pretences, ...

>>

""

soliciting in a public thoroughfare

""

for the purpose of prostitution,... unlawful receiving,...

exposing person,

...

**

firing crackers,...

6

21

1

...

1

1

1

7

13

2

1

negligence of duty, ...

>>

33

forgery

""

15

150

25

""

3

converting property to own use,

killing fish by means of explosive,...

using threats

using insulting language,

absence from duty, ...

failing to pay wages,

removing sand without permission,

""

1

inpersonating police officer,

1

Total....

2,791

L 3

3. The above figures show that 67 per cent of the total admis- sions to prison were Revenue Grade prisoners..

The following table shows the number of prisoners committed to prison without the option of fine and in default of payment of fine:

In default of payment of fine.

Year.

Without option of fine.

served the

Total.

Paid full

imprison-

Paid part

fine.

fiue.

ment.

1921

1,732

1,936

201

364

4,233

1922

1,358

2,311

333

147

4,149

4. Eighty-eight (88) juveniles were admitted during the year. In 11 cases corporal punishment was awarded. All these juveniles in addition to whipping, received sentences varying from 48 hours detention to 6 months hard labour.

5. The percentage of convicted prisoners admitted to prison with previous convictions recorded against them was 144 as com- pared with 10-6 for 1921.

6. There were 124 prisoners admitted who were convicted by the Police Court in the New Territories against 104 for the pre- vious year.

.

7. The following table shows the number of convicts in custody on the 31st December for the past 10 years, and the percentage of the total number of prisoners in custody to the estimated population of Hongkong:-

Year.

Estimated Number of population. convicts.

Percentage of population.

Daily average number of prisoners.

Percentage

LO

population.

1913 489,114

253

*052

701

*144

1914

501,304

216

·044

600

•120

1915

516,870

213

*011

594

115

1916 528,010

203

·038

638

∙121

1917 535,100

209

•038

600

112

1918 558,000

224

•040

601

•108

1919 598,100*

259

·043

756

•126

1920 648,150

275

.043

755

117

1921 665,350

231

·035

764

115

1922 662,200

259

*039

787

·119

L 4

8. There were 407 punishments awarded for breach of prison discipline as compared with 968 for the preceding year. Corporal punisment was inflicted in nine cases for prison offences. There was a marked improvement in the behaviour of prisoners generally.

9. Eighty (80) prisoners were whipped by order of Courts. 10. There was one (1) escape and two (2) attempts to escape. 11. There were 13 deaths (8 natural causes and 5 executions).

12. 11,126,992 forms were printed and issued to various Government Departments and 63,611 hooks bound or repaired, as compared with 7,458,735 forms and 32,776 books in 1921. This increase was made possible by the introduction of new machines and the consequent extension of this Department.

13. The buildings are in good repair.

14. The conduct of both European and Indian Staff with few exceptions was very good.

15. The appliances for use in case of fire are in good condition and the water supply adequate.

16. The Printing Department has been extended but with difficulty owing to the lack of space at Victoria Gaol.

17. Games have been introduced for the Juveniles at Lai Chi Kok Prison.

18. During the year Trades Instructors were appointed to the Fitting and Carpentering Departments.

19. Mr. N. L. Smith acted as Superintendent from 21st July to 31st August during my absence on leave.

20. The rules laid down for the Government of prisons have been complied with.

21. I append the usual returns.

1st May, 1923.

J. W. FRANKS, Superintendent of Prisons.

Table I.

Return showing the Expenditure and Income for the year 1922.

EXPENDITURE,

INCOME.

ZA

A

Pay and allowance of officers including Uni-

Earning of prisoners

125,571

47

}

form, etc.

197,733 94

Debtors' subsistence

217

25

Victualling of prisoners

51,437

69

Vagrants do.

15

75

Fuel, light, soap, and dry earth

22,151

98

Wei-Hai-Wei prisoners' subsistence

119

70

Clothing of prisoners, bedding, and furniture.

19,851 51

Shanghai

do.

102 90

L5 -

Military

do.

74 55

Naval

do.

23 00

To Balance

165,050 | 50

Total

$291,175 12

Total

$291,175 12

1921

$297,970 | 56

Average annual cost per prisoner $209.72, in 1921 $285.78, and in 1920 $254.37.

L 6

Table II.

Return showing Expenditure and Income for the past 10 years.

Actual cost of

Year.

Expenditure, Income.

prisoners' maintenance.

Average cost per

prisoner.

$

C.

C.

C.

$

c.

1913

106,275.20

61,298.50

44,976.70

64.07

1914

108,143.24

70,597.22

37,546.02*

62.58

1915

109,369.95 65,544.33

43,825.62

73.78

1916

112,615.70

70,019.18

42,596.52

66.77

1917

108.212.42

68,815.01

39,397.42

65.66

1918

108,651.95 70,747.97

37.903.98

63.07

1919

135,550.16

19,277.07

66,273.09

87.66

1920

258,609.17 66,547.61

192,061.56

254.37

1921

297,970.56 79,635.73

218,334.83

286.78

1922

291,175.12 126,124.62

165,050.50

209.72

L

Table III.

Return showing value of Industrial Labour for the year 1922.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Value of

Value of

Value of

articles

Value of

Nature of Industry.

stock on

Value of

haud

materials

articles Total Dr. manufactur-

manufactur-

Stock on

Value of

earnings.

ed or work

hand

Total Cr.

(Difference

between

January 1st purchased. 1922.

ed or work

done for

December

columns

done for

payment.

Gaol or other 31st, 1922.

3 and 7.)

L 7-

Departments.

C.

$

..

C.

C.

c.

C.

C.

$

Oakum,

97.29

97.29

33.00

83.79

116.79

19.50

Coir,.......

*2,055.07

2,012.83

4,067.90

1,994.07

1,722.52

2,907.66

Net-making,

1.66

210.00

211.66

750.70

13.23

Tailoring,

2,222.80

7,282.33

9,505.13

90.33

10,230.30

666.27

6,624.25

763.93

10,986.90

2,556.35

552.27

1,481.77

Rattan,

7.49

201.12

208.61

11.00

292.34

8.69

312.03

103.42

Tin-smithing,

47.21

1,219.77

1,266.98

34.65

2,168.58

48.81

2,252.04

985.06

Carpentering,

702.24

3,071.48

3,773.72

166.29

4,611.69

430.59

5,208.57

1,434.85

Grass-matting,

1.70

45.80

47.50

144.85

144.85

97.35

Shoe-making,

1,924.29

5,788.76

7,713.05

60.40

6,735.04

1,867.04 8,662.48

949.43

Laundry,.

2,772.81

2,772.81

1.45

11,847.75

11,849.20 9,076.39

Printing and Bookbinding,

.50

521.85

Photography,

72,003.90 | 64,230.32 |136,234.22

| Total,$ 79,064.15 87,357.07 166,421.22

82,510.99 244,179.34 107,945.12

.25 892.31 369.96 88,337.32 291,992.69 125,571.47

Paid into Bank during 1922, which sun includes $210.27 for work executed in 1921, $3,298.59, Value of work executed during 1922 for which payment was deferred to 1923, $190,50,

75.95 |161,592.40

522.35

29.80 862.26 3,247.64 200,207.78

M 1

SANITARY REPORT

FOR THE YEAR

1922

M 3

REPORT OF THE HEAD OF THE SANITARY DEPARTMENT.

The following were members of the Sanitary Board during the year-

President, the Head of the Sanitary Department, Mr. G. R. Sayer, for whom Mr. D. W. Tratman acted from 16th June to 16th August.

Vice-President, the Director of Public Works, the

Honourable Mr. T. L. Perkins.

The Secretary for Chinese Affairs, the Honourable Mr. E. R.

Hallifax, 0.B.E.

The Medical Officer of Health, Mr. W. W. Pearse, M.D., D.P.H. Lieutenant-Colonel and Brevet-Colonel L. Humphry.

C.M.G., D.D.M.S.

Dr. W. V. M. Koch, for whom Dr. G. D. R. Black acted

up to 10th October.

Mr. Seen-Wan Tso.

The Honourable Mr. Chow Shou-son.

Dr. F. M. Graça Ozorio.

Mr. C. G. Alabaster, K.C., O.B.E.

LEGISLATION.

The by-laws introduced last year for maintenance of good order in cattle depots and the amendment to the Importation of Animals by-laws received the approval of the Legislative Council.

Amendments to the following by-laws were made by the Board and approved by the Legislative Council.

(i) By-law 3 of the Domestic and Cleanliness and Ventilation By-laws was amended so as to include Shaukiwan and its neigh- bouring villages within the areas to be cleansed and limewashed throughout by the owner to the satisfaction of the Board, not less than once in every year.

-

(ii) By-law 1 of the Notification of Infectious Diseases by-laws was amended so as to include rabies as a notifiable disease.

STAFF.

(a.) 1. Mr. G. R. Sayer, Head of the Sanitary Department, was absent on vacation leave from 16th June to 16th August during which time Mr. D. W. Tratman acted.

M 1

2. Dr. W. J. Woodman, Assistant Medical Officer of Health, went on leave on 20th April, 1922, and was still on leave on 31st December, 1922. Dr. W. Pearse, Medical Officer of Health, acted on his behalf.

3. Mr. C. M. W. Reynolds, Secretary, resigned on 31st October. Mr. J. A. Fraser, a cadet officer, was appointed Secretary and Assistant to the Head of the Sanitary Department on 6th November.

Inspectors.

(b)-1. The establishment was increased by the creation of one additional Senior Inspector's post (Veterinary).

2. Arrivals :--

From leave.

Senior Inspector J. A. Lyon (26th March). Senior Inspector P. T. Lamble (4th)

November).

Inspector G. Haigh (3rd December). Inspector C. E. Frith (21st December). On probation. Inspector E. Savage (22nd May).

3. Departures--

On leave.

On transfer.

On retirement. Seconded.

Inspector E. C. Kerrison (7th August). Inspector J. G. Hooper (8th October). Inspector J. J. Gregory (16th October).

Inspector G. Haigh (18th January). Inspector C. E. Frith (26th March). Senior Inspector P. T. Lamble (29th

March).

Inspector R. C. Witchell (13th May). Inspector F. Meade (To Secretariat for

Chinese Affairs) (7th December).--- Inspector W. Midwinter (To Public Works

Department) (8th August).

Inspector R. Hudson (5th August). Inspector H. Peplow (1st January) (To

Public Works Department).

4. Promotions.-Inspector Knight was promoted to the new Senior Inspector's post on 1st May.

Second Class Inspectors Wood and Old were promoted to first class (1st May 1922 and 5th August 1922) Inspector Fincher acted as Senior Inspector during absence on leave of Senior Inspector Lamble.

5. Inspector of Nuisances Certificates.-At an examination held in December four Inspectors out of six candidates were re- commended to the Royal Sanitary Institute for certificates. In-

M 5

cluding these four, twelve second class Inspectors will be in possession of this certificate. All first class Inspectors are required to possess it.

6. Clerical Staff.-Two 6th Grade clerks were added in March.

7. (d.) Outdoor Staff:-

One foreman, Grade 6 was added in January. One foreman, Grade 7 was added in January. One foreman, Grade 7 was added in March. Two Engineers were added in December. Two Coxswains were added in December. Two Stokers were added in December. Four Seamen were added in December. One Bargeman was added in December.

Seven Cleansing Coolies were added in January. One Cleansing Coolie was added in October.

Fourteen Scavenging Coolies were added in January. Twelve Scavenging Coolies were added in March.

Four Scavenging Coolies were added in October.

Appendix A shows distribution of approved staffs on 31st December,

ADMINISTRATION,

General Sanitary Work.--The area controlled by the Sanitary Board is limited to the Island of Hongkong and to Kowloon and New Kowloon.

For the purpose of administering the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance the Island of Hongkong is divided into the City of Victoria; its extension eastwards as far as and including Shaukiwan; the Hill district and the outlying villages of Aberdeen, Aplichau, Stanley and Taitam.

The City proper is divided into eastern, central, western- central and western districts each with a sanitary office, and subdivided into 10 Health Districts each with a Sanitary Inspector in Charge. (See map A). The Shaukiwan extension has also a Sanitary Inspector in Charge. The Hill district is worked in conjunction with Health District 3.

Kowloon is divided into Kowloon peninsula, Shamshuipo and Kowloon City each with a Sanitary office, and subdivided into five Health Districts each with a Sanitary Inspector (See map B).

The outlying villages are controlled by Police officers under the title of Rural Sanitary Inspectors.

Scavenging and Nightsoil removal.--For the purpose of Refuse Collection the City and Hill District is divided into three main

M 6

districts East, Central and West, each with an Inspector in Charge. There is an Inspector in charge of Kowloon peninsula and the district Inspectors of Health Districts 14 and 15 combine super- vision of refuse collection with district work. The Inspector in charge of Shaukiwan Health District also supervises refuse collec- tion in this district. The villages of Aberdeen, Aplichau, Stanley, and Taitam are scavenged by contractors under the supervision of the Rural Inspectors.

Inspectors in charge of refuse collection also supervise the removal of nightsoil in this area; the removal itself is carried out by contractors.

The removal of refuse from the city of Victoria and Kowloon is supervised by a Sanitary Inspector who is also in charge of street-watering in Victoria. Kowloon street-watering is under the direction of the Inspector in charge of Disinfecting Station (Kowloon).

--

Disinfection. For purposes of disinfection of infected clothing there is a Disinfecting Station in Victoria and a Disinfecting Station in Kowloon under the control of an Inspector or Overseer.

Cemeteries.- Public cemeteries on Hongkong island are under the charge of a special Inspector. Those in Kowloon peninsula come under the Inspector in charge of Disinfecting Station (Kowloon) and outlying cemeteries at Kowloon City under the local district Inspector.

Markets. The Central and Western markets are under ap Overseer. Other markets are supervised by the local district Inspector or Rural Inspector.

Veterinary work.-There is a Government depot at Kennedy Town (Hongkong) for the reception of all cattle, sheep, swine and goats brought into the Colony for slaughter. There are also Government Slaughter houses at Kennedy Town and Ma Tau Kok (Kowloon) and controlled slaughter houses at Aberdeen aud Sai Wan Ho at one of which all animals for food must be slaughtered. The Government depot and slaughter houses are under the direct charge of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon and a staff of three Inspectors.

Depot fees are 50 cents for cattle, 10 cents for sheep, 10 cents for swine. Slaughter fees (which are not additional to depot fees) are 40 cents for cattle, 20 cents for sheep, and 30 cents for swine. There is a crematorium at Kennedy Town Slaughter house at which carcases can be destroyed on payment of a prescribed fee. A certain number of private factories are established in the immediate vicinity of the Government Slaughter houses (Kennedy Town and Ma Tau Kok) at which lard and meat products derived solely from these slaughter houses are prepared for export to the Philippine Islands and Canada under the direct supervision of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon and his staff.

M.7

WORK DONE UNDER THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND

BUILDINGS. ORDINANCE.

(i) Sanitary Nuisances and Contraventions of Sanitary By-laws. Appendix B shows the total number of nuisances reported, and the action taken to obtain compliance and the amount of fines. Of the total number of nuisances reported in which action was taken 80% were abated after receipt of a letter. In only 53 cases did a legal notice fail to produce compliance. Of the summonses which followed 48 secured convictions, 4 were discharged and one was abandoned.

The larger number of outstanding cases is due to the greater number of reports.

Appendix C shows the nuisances in respect of which action was taken. The duty of dealing with missing gratings, defective rain water pipes and waste-pipes, choked drains, defective floor and wall surfaces was transferred to this department from the Building Authority on 1st January, 1922. It will be noted that

such cases account for nearly 50% of all nuisances reported and explain the large increase in reports over 1921. Reports of illegal cubicles are 1,000 less than in 1921, the Board have decided to permit certain limited modifications.

Appendix D shows the Health Districts from which these nuisances were reported and Appendix D (i) gives details of all prosecutions and the amount of fines inflicted.

(ii) Building Nuisances.--Appendix D line 2 shows by districts the number of nuisances under part (ii) of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance reported by this department to the Building Authority for action. These are additional to those referred to in paragraph (1) above.

(iii) Miscellaneous improvements.-Appendix D lines 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 show miscellaneous improvements effected by District Inspectors in their districts.

(iv) House cleansing. The routine work under the by-laws for the Prevention and Mitigation of Epidemic disease was carried out during the year. Appendix E shows the number of floors cleansed in the various districts and as compared with the last two years.

House cleansing is carried on

carried on continuously 011 five mornings a week throughout the year by our staff. Appendix F shows approximately the total number of Chinese houses liable for cleansing.

(c) Limewashing.-The usual limewashing required by the Domestic Cleanliness and Ventilation by-laws was carried out during the year. Appendix G shows the number of houses lime- washed. It will be noted that owners made considerably greater use of this department's contractor.

M 8

(vi) Rat catching. Twenty-three members of the cleansing staff are employed during the year setting traps, bird-lime boards and rat-poison; also collecting rats from street rat-bins, private premises, etc., and taking them to the Bacteriological Institute for examination. Special campaigns in January and November were undertaken, when rat-poison was distributed throughout urban districts. The total number of rats caught was :---

Hongkong Kowloon....

........76,844 ..32,452

Of these 6 were found to be plague-infected in Hongkong and 19 in Kowloon..

(ci) Mosquito prevention.-The routine work of oiling pools and inspecting dwellings for breeding places was carried out by district Inspectors. The usual cutting of undergrowth in May and October was also carried out in conjunction with the Botanical and Forestry Department and the Military Authorities (as regards Military lands).

As a result of the special survey made last year the Botanical and Forestry Department cleared during the year some 8,250,000 square feet of undergrowth as compared with 5,400,000 square feet, last year in the neighbourhood of residences.

The Public Works Department trained twelve nullahs but were unable to complete the full programme of 1922. The work will, however, be pressed on in 1923.

(ciii) Educational.-A small leaflet was distributed on cach floor of Chinese tenement houses at the occasion of each house cleansing with a view to checking the habit of indiscriminate spitting.

WORK UNDER FOOD AND Drugs ORDINANCE AND SECTION

83 OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND BUILDINGS ORDINANCE.

56 samples of milk were submitted for analysis under section 12 of which 50 were found to pass the standard and 6 to be below standard.

The prosecutions. under section 10 in these cases resulted as follows:

173 Des Voeux Road Central......

112 Connaught Road Central

27 Des Voeux Road Central

318 Des Voeux Road Central....

16 Cochrane Street

3 Cochrane Street

...fined $25.00 do. 50.00 do. 25.00

do.

50,00

do. 100.00

do.

200.00

The following table shows the number and results of analysis of beer, wine and spirits submitted by this Department, which took over this duty from the Police Department on 1st January,

M 9

1922, and was relieved of it by the Import and Export Depart- ment on 28th August 1922.

Samples.

Genuine. Adulterated.

Beer

5

5

0

Brandy

3

0

Gin

1.

1

0

Port wine...

1

1

Rum

2

2

Sherry

1.

1

0

Stout....

1

1

0

Whisky.

7

5

2

The adulterated samples were found to be slightly below standard and the dealers were warned.

Under section 83 of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance the following food stuffs were seized and destroyed by order of the President :---

875 tins of beef.

$77 tins of provisions.

7 cases of fish.

5 cases of butter.

12 lbs. of fruit.

61 tins of Getzbest herrings and sardines.

6 bottles of pickles (Haas Bros).

13 tins of Morton's vegetables.

4 tins of Morton's sardines.

3 tins of smoked herrings.

27 packages of sultanas.

25 tons of Lagoon pilchards.

4 bottles of prunes.

2 bottles of vinegar.

104 miscellaneous tins of food and vegetables, labels

missing, etc.

VACCINATION OF CHILDREN.

Under Ordinance 2 of 1890 all resident children over 6 months and under 14 years are required to be vaccinated, and their parents or guardians to deliver à certificate of vaccination to the office if any at which the birth was registered. Appendix H shows the various birth registries, the number of children whose births were registered but who on 31st December, 1921, were under six months, the number of new registered births during the year 1922, the number vaccinated, the number accounted for by death, unfitness, or other causes and the number who on 31st December, 1922, were under six months and accordingly not liable for vaccination. Vaccination is not compulsory between 1st May and 30th September owing to the hot weather.

M 10

In view of a serious epidemic at Shanghai a special campaign was carried out by the department with the assistance of Mr. S. W. Tso between January 3rd and January 23rd during which time 126,000 persons were vaccinated at an expenditure of $3,700. The department is indebted to the Chinese Public Dispensary Committee and to the Young Men's Christian Association and St. John's Ambulance Division for voluntary assistance in this campaign.

SCAVENGING.

Approximately 255 tons of refuse were received daily at the refuse depots from the City of Victoria, Hill District and Kowloon peninsula. Slightly under 10 tons daily were collected from Shaukiwan and Quarry Bay and dumped on waste ground. Approximately 2 tons daily were collected in Kowloon City and burnt. The cost of the service in Hongkong (including Shaukiwan and Quarry Bay) and Kowloon is shown in Appendix I attached. Table 3 shows a comparison with last year. The higher cost is apparent rather than real as it appears that too great an allowance was made in 1921 for the wages of coolics stated to be otherwise employed. The total cost of the service works out at $1.11 per ton exclusive of special expenditure.

(b) Outlying villages of Stanley and Taitam, and Aberdeen and Aplichau were scavenged by contract at a yearly charge of $396 for the first two and $840 for the latter two.

The con- tractor has the privilege of receiving night-soil in each case in addition.

REFUSE REMOVAL.

The bulk of the refuse from the City of Victoria and Kowloon was barged away to sea as hitherto. An experimental dump at Cheung Sha Wan was started in May and some 16,000 tons were deposited there by barges.

Appendix I, Table 2 shows cost of removal from Victoria, the Hill district and Kowloon peninsula. Comparative figures for the last two years will be found in Table 3. The cost works out at 55 cents a ton exclusive of special expenditures, a small reduction on last year.

An order was placed for a steam towing launch to cost $49,700 to relieve steam lighters S. D. 1 and 2 and avoid the expense of hiring when these boats are on the slip.

Barges were delayed on ten occasions for a short time only by typhoon signals.

S. D. 1 and 2 each broke down once. Launches were hired during repairs at a cost of a little over $2,000.

M 11

NIGHTSOIL REMOVAL.

The contractors for the removal of nightsoil from Victoria and the Kowloon peninsula, Shaukiwan and Quarry Bay, Aberdeen and Aplichau, Stanley and Taitam respectively carried out their work satisfactorily.

During the year the monthly payment due from the contractor was reduced by $395 in respect of flush-closets opened in Victoria and $120 in respect of flush-closets opened in Kowloon. The total deduction amounted to $3,040 for Victoria and $900 for Kowloon.

WORK DONE AT DISINFECTING STATIONS.

The appended Table shows the number of articles and vehicles disinfected and washed after disinfection during 1922. The figures for 1921 are given for comparison. The large increase in the number of articles disinfected was due to the Plague epidemic.

1921.

1922.

No. of articles disinfected,

25,571

Hongkong Kowloon Hongkong Kowloon

3,187 46,242 16,945

No. of public vehicles disinfected,

5

24

30

39

No. of days disinfecting apparatus in use,

184

71

237

157

No. of articles washed after disinfection,

9.163

6 10,918

14

During the year the following carts were constructed at the

Hongkong Disinfecting Station :--

1 four-wheeled water cart

1

$830.00

1 two-wheeled covered hand dust cart... 230.00

1 two-wheeled hand dust cart......

3 four-wheeled bullock carts

170.00 318.00 each

and miscellaneous repairs were done to the value of $3,810. At Kowloon Disinfecting Station miscellaneous repairs to the value of $1,790.00 were done.

AMBULANCE AND DEAD BOX SERVICE.

Ambulances and dead boxes are obtainable at any time of the day or night at the two disinfecting stations and also by day at the Eastern and Western Sanitary Offices at each of which a staff of bearers is kept. The appended table shows the number of times ambulances and boxes were used.

Disinfecting Disinfecting

Station Hongkong,

Eastern

Station

District,

Western District.

Korttoon.

80

41

15

3

261

108

80

776

1,745

360

452

Ambulances, European, Ambulances, Chinese,... 218

Dead boxes,

M 12

Appendix J shows the stations at which Sanitary Department Ambulances are obtainable in emergencies. At these stations there are no bearers attached and volunteer bearers must be obtained when required. The high figure for dead boxes is due to the Plague epidemic.

PUBLIC BATH HOUSES.

The appended table shows the number of men, women and children who used the bath houses during 1922 and 1921.

1921.

Wanchai, Cross Lane Bath House ·

Men. 186,687

Pound Lane Bath

House ..

Women. Men,

87,021 222,131

Second Street Bath

House..........

Sheung Fung Laue

Bath House

1922.

Men. 151,665

Children. Women, Men, Children. 32,895 59,573 162,824 33,357

Men. Children, 84,663 16,997

Female.

Females. Children 43,802 10,749

Men, Children. 144,830 41.673

Female.

Females, Children,

$1,939 24,920

The Bath Houses in Second Street and Sheung Fang Lane were closed on 27th December, 1922, owing to the property having been resumed for re-building.

The above figures must be regarded as approximate only. The reduced attendance at Cross Lane and Pound Lane may be due to the closing of the bath houses for a month during February and March. The high figures for Second Street and Sheung Fung Lane may have been dictated by anxiety on the part of the at- tendants to prove the indispensability of these conveniences.

WATER CLOSETS AND PUBLIC CONVENIENCES.

During the year public trough closets were completed:

At the junction of Eastern Street and Bonham Road, At the junction of Water Street and Pokfulam Road. At the junction of Hill Road and Queen's Road West. At Wing Fung Street.

At Peak Road.

At Bowring Street.

At Gillies Avenue.

The Board approved the installation of 421 water closets, 19 trough closets and 54 urinals on private premises.

MARKETS AND SPECIAL FOOD LICENCES.

Kowloon City (matshed) market was opened during the year. 90 additional food licences were issued under section 78 of the

M 13

Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, the majority in Kowloon City where hitherto no attempt has been made to licence the sale of fresh food. Market rentals show a slight increase over 1921. Appendix K gives details of rentals of the various markets.

CEMETERIES, MORTUARIES, CREMATORIA,

1. Hau Pai Lung and Kowloon Tong Cemeteries were closed and Ho Mun Tin Cemetery opened on 1st January, 1922. Appendix L shows the approximate burial space in the main cemeteries and the net available space on 31st December, 1922.

2. (a) Exhumations were carried out by relatives as follows:-

Chinese permanent

Cheung Sha Wan

Hau Pui Lung Kai Lung Wan.

35

175

Ma Tau Wai

422

Mount Davis

36

Roman Catholic

26

Colonial

Kowloon Tong

31

Sai Yu Shek

192

Sham Shui Po

Mount Caroline....

Tung Wah Hospital

Chai Wan

Aberdeen

Stanley

82

335

86

14

11

2

and from places other than unauthorised

cemeteries

Total

14

1,470

(b) General exhumation at public expense was started at Tung Wah Hospital, Cemetery, Kai Lung Wan and 163 graves were exhumed from places other than authorised cemeteries.

3. Cremations. 38 bodies were cremated at the Japanese Crematorium and 21 at the Sikh Temple.

4. Mortuaries.-154 bodies were awaiting burial at the Tung Wah Hospital Mortuary on 31st December, 1922.

5. Removals.-439 bodies were removed from the Colony before burial.

M 14

6. Interments. The following table shows the number of interments at the various cemeteries during the year :-

PUBLIC.

PRIVATE.

Colonial

64

Roman Catholic (Happy

Chinese Mount Caroline 1.049

Chai Wan

253

|

Chai Wan Christian

1

Stanley

21

Valley). Mohammedan

Valley)

Jewish (Happy Valley)

178

(Happy

78

Aberdeen

230

Parsee

Shek O

Malay

Kai Lung Wan

1,596

Chinese Roman Catholic

Sai Yu Shek

236

(So Kon Po).......

1,404

Sai Yu Shek Christian

12

Chinese Tung Wah Hos-

Mohammedan Tai Shek Ku

1

Ho Mun Tin

3,798

pital (Kai Lung Wan) 4,875 Chinese Permanent

(Aberdeen)

51

Chinese Protestant

(Mount Davis).........

77

Chinese Christian

(Kowloon Tong)

27

7,270

6,693

ADMINISTRATION, BIRTHS AND DEATHS REGISTRATION.

The General Registration office established by Ordinance No. 7 of 1896 for registration of both births and deaths is situated at the Sanitary Department Head office.

At this office all non-Chinese births and deaths must be regis- tered. Chinese are required to register in the district within which the birth or death occurred. A list of such district regis- tries for births and deaths respectively is appended. The districts are not precisely defined and in some cases the birth registration district does not coincide with the death registration district; in certain districts registration of birth can be effected alternatively at a Police Station or a Chinese Public Dispensary. Nos. 2 and 7 Police Stations are available for registration of deaths on Sundays and public holidays only when the General Registration office is closed. The Head of the Sanitary Department is 'ex officio' registrar and has appointed the Police officers in charge of stations and the principal clerks in charge of Dispensaries on the appended list as assistant Registrars.

Death registration, being a necessary preliminary to burial, is universally done but there is considerable ignorance of the law among Chinese as regards registering of births. Female births in particular are frequently not registered. This is no doubt due to the presence of a large fluctuating population completely unaccustomed to the system.

M 15

In this connection it is worthy of note that the records of registered midwives alone show a total of 5,304 births (2,814 male and 2,490 female) as against the total officially registered of 3,522 (Chinese) (2,205 male and 1,317 female).

During the year the practice hitherto followed of paying 20 cents for each birth registered to Dispensary clerks was abandoned in favour a bonus of 10 cents to the clerk for each birth registered and 20 cents to the licentiate for each successful child vaccination.

DEATH REGISTRATION OFFICES.

Sanitary Department, Head Office. Yaumati Police Station. Shaukiwan Police Station,

Aberdeen Police Station. No. 7 Police Station.

No. 2 Police Station.

Kowloon City Police Station.

Sham Shui Po Police Station, Stanley Police Station.

BIRTH REGISTRATION OFFICES.

Sanitary Department Head Office. Yaumati Chinese Public Dispensary. Hung Hom Chinese Public Dispensary. Sham Shui Po Chinese Public Dispensary. Kowloon City Chinese Public Dispensary. Eastern Chinese Public Dispensary. Western Chinese Public Dispensary. Central Chinese Public Dispensary. Shaukiwan Chinese Public Dispensary. Aberdeen Police Station.

Stanley Police Station.

Shaukiwan Police Station.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

1. Appendix M shows under the various headings the revenue collected by the department during 1922, and also revenue paid to the Treasury in respect of the Department's contracts.

>

One new head of revenue Official certificates was opened. This represents fees now charged in respect of the Colonial Veter- inary Surgeon's certificate on exported lard, food products and cattle. $3,522 was collected under this head,

2. Appendix N shows under various headings the expenditure of the year. The increased expenditure over 1921 is more than accounted for by increase in personal emoluments due mainly to stipulated increments. Other charges votes have been uniformly reduced.

Reports of the Medical Officer of Health and the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon are appended,

G. R. SAYER, Head of Sanitary Department.

1 H.S.D......

2 M.O.H.

1 C.V.S.

1 Secretary

20 Clerks and Shroffs..

35 Inspectors

23 Interpreters

2 Overseers

1 Asst., Store Keeper

1 Office Attendant

1 Office Coolie

2 Foremen. G.I.

11

15

2

4

21

30

2

""

37

27

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

":

19

7.

"

Artisans Drivers.

21

13 Engineers 14 Coxswains

6 Stokers

$ Caretakers

28 Sextons

5 Tallymen

5 Bullock Boys..

7 Messengers

73 Drivers

102 Bargemen

162 Cl. Coolies

716 Scavenging Coolies

17 Artisans

9 Skid. Labourers

2 Apprentices

2 Motor Drivers

2 Motor Drivers' Mates

10 Bath House Attendants

4 Post Office Building Coolies

4 Seamen

42

42

11

::

1

N

شده

13

I

1

Central.

D. S. Hongkong.

D. S. Kowloon,

22

2-

33

84

~

:

S. H. Kennedy Town.

S. H. Ma Tau Kok.

Cemeteries.

Street Watering.

Refuse Disposal.

H. D.'s,1-3 and Peak.

50

10

178

78 137 101

H. D.'s 4-6.

H. D.'s 7-10.

Kowlcon.

Shankiwan.

Shaukiwan.

SCAVENGING.

00 00

19 19

1.

1

lit.

28.

2.

::::

Apper

Co

·

10 CO

H-

as no

:

3

I

AM

1

H. D.'s 7.10.

AVENGING.

Kowlcon.

Shaukiwan.

Shankiwan.

1.

la,

2a.

...

2.

28

3.

H

་་

:

**

...

26

5.

-

6.

اسم

6a.

- M 17 —

Appendix A. 1922.

*",

7.

-3.

9.

H. D.'s.

10.

11.

*'ફ્

'Çí

14.

...]

East.

D

+

:

1

1

·

'9

6a.

7a.

28

14

:

::

:

H. D.'s.

26

9.

10.

1-1.

:

5

12.

13.

3......

14.

10 :

15.

East.

N

1:

...

te

District Offices.

Central.

West Central.

West.

...

3

C

-**

* On

7

...

8

00

73

15

102

28

162

09

716

17

to

10

:

...

1

*sasnoq qp®Ç

Markets.

:

Leave.

Vacant,

N

11

વા

20

35

23

2

Total.

M 19

Appendix B

RETURN FOR THE YEAR, 1922.

Outstanding (31st December, 1921)

129

429

No. of nuisances reported

...

12,734

12,734.

No. of nuisances reported in which

no action taken,

No. of 1st letters sent...

11,638

Compliance after 1st letter...

8,848

No. of 2nd letters sent

1,691

Compliance after 2nd letter

1.591

No. of legal notices sent sections

29 and 30

1,798

No. of legal

notices withdrawn

section 31

:.

:

:

:

No. of legal notices modified section 31 No. of legal notices time extended

section 31

Compliance on legal notices

No. of summons applied for section 32 No. of summons refused

...

No. of Magistrate's orders section 33 Compliance with Magistrate's orders,

(including compliance summons) Fines $765

Cases discharged.

after

Cases abandoned through defendant

absconding or otherwise

...

53

15

...

1.

Re-summons for failure to comply

section 35

Compliance after re-summons Fines $ Nuisance abated by Sanitary Depart-

ment section 35 ...

Expenses of abating $

OUTSTANDING ·

TOTAL

1,724

:

:

:

18

::

:

947

7

13,163 13,163

:

M 20

Appendix C

Defective gratings.

No dust bin

Defective ground surfaces

Illegal cubicles

...

Defective wastepipes, drains, and eaves gutters, etc. Choked wastepipes, drains, eaves gutters, etc. Missing gratings

Rat runs

Defective cement rendering

Illegal height of cubicles

Obstructions of windows, doors and ventilating openings

Dirty condition of premises

Obstructions of verandahs

Accumulation of refuse, rubbish, etc.,

No receptacles to latrines

No urinal accommodation

...

...

1.990

...

A

1,752

1,538

1.469

...

...

1,078

...

...

1.037

...

792

750

...

620

...

263

209

202

199

153

109

...

109

61

...

55

41

29

28

26

26

23

22

20

20

19

Illegal wooden partitions in kitchens, verandahs, etc. Breeding of mosquitoes...

Illegal bunks

...

Use of basement for habitation, as workshop, etc. Accumulation of undergrowth

Accumulation of stagnant water

Use of verandahs for sleeping purposés, etc. Discharge of sullage water, excretal matter, etc. Illegal showcases,

Exposing of fruit and vegetables for sale without licences

Use of rooms without openings for sleeping purposes

No glazed area to windows ...

Keeping of cattle without licence...

Use of kitchens for sleeping purposes, etc.

Enclosures of cocklofts...

Dirty barrels for storing drinking water

Bakehouses without licences...

Illegal urinals...

...

Offensive Trade (Rag storing, soap boiling, etc.)

Cooking in yard

No cover to water tank and well ...

Common-lodging houses without licence

Selling fresh pork

Black smoke issuing from chimney

Use of matsheds for habitation

...

15

14

30 00 00 30-

1

1

1

1

1

...

1

Emission of gas, vapour and dust from vermilion factory.. Licensed cattle sheds being used to house other animals Insufficient water supply to cisterns of water closets... Animals kept in such a state as to be a nuisance Dumping refuse

1

1

TOTAL ..

12,734

Rural District

1

2

1a & 2a

co

4

H

PR

Buildings),

ings),

Applications for S.B. Notice, Applications for B.A. Notice, Ground surface concreted, Ground surface repaired,

Rat runs filled in,

...

Obstructions removed from open space,

Obstructions removed to light and ventilation,

Water closets installed in private Buildings,

Houses demolished and No. of floors (Domestic

...

Houses erected and No. of floors (Domestic Build-

...

Houses erected and No. of floors (Non Domestic

328

487

977

208

608

1

48

21

31

49

2

Nil.

110

Nil.

Nil.

N

61

65

120

10

51

18

32

124

7

17

...

I

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

I

9

9

20

5

13

9

7

Nil.

253

15

1

21 houses

62 houses

19 houses

4 bouses

1 house

11 ho

43 floors

131 floors

48 floo's

15 houses

14 houses

1 house

44 floors

42 floors

4 floors

1 house

1 house

Nil.

Buildings),

2 floors

Houses demolished and No. of floors (Non Domestic

1 floor 1 house

Nil.

Nil.

Buildings),

1 floor

9 floors 15 houses 37 floors

9 houses 25 floors

3 houses 8 floors

1 Alcors

23 Alc

10 houses 36 floors

2 houses 10 floors

15 he

35 dc

2 he 7 Ac

1 house

i

2 floors

...

2a

M 21

Appendix D.

HEALTH DISTRICTS.

Co

3

4

5

6

7

6a & 7a

10

11

12

977

208

608

1,132

701

376

702

589

990

482

921

1,847

21

31

49

33

25

19

22

26

17

8

42

39

110

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

!

Nil.

24

198

120

10

51

52

124

7

17

23

1823

65

40

2

1515

95

50

117

32

74

81

8

31

1

62

223

il.

Nil.

I

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

1

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

3

20

5

13

37

42

25

10

56

64

47

7

31

il.

253

15

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

1

24

63

1}

ises

4 bouses

1 house

11 houses

1 house

10 houses

Nil.

Nil.

48 houses

3 bonses

22 houses

Nil.

DIS

9 floors

4 Alcors

23 flcors

4 floors

23 floors

112 floors

ise

15 houses

10 houses

15 houses

I house

7 houses

Nil.

Nil.

rs

37 floors

36 floors

35 floors.

4 floors

29 floors

42 houses 166 floors

:se

9 houses

2 houses

2 houses

1 h use

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

25 floors

10 floors

7 floors

3 floors

se

3 houses

1 house

11 houses

"Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

r

8 floors

2 floors

27 floors

1 house 3 floors 42 houses 88 floors

8 houses 32 floors

3 houses 12 floors

6 floors 31 houses 98 floors

51 floors

2 houses 4 floors

Nil.

Nil.

159 houses 504 floors I house i floor

Nil.

X 24

Sa & 7a

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

Shaukiwan

Total.

702 22

589

990

482

921

1,847

1,048

970

119

249

12,734

26

17

$

42

39

20

24

]

9

439

Nil.

Nil.

Į

Nil.

24

198

116

}

Nil.

1

453

95

50

117

32

74

81

70

61

12

15

8

31

1

62

223

35

111

3

28

29

1,085

26

750

Nil.

1

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

3

2

Nil.

-Nil.

2

11

10

56

64

47

7

31

8

21

Nil.

2

406

Nil.

Nil.

1

24

63

4

Nil.

2

28

421

10 houses

Nil.

48 houses

3 houses

22 houses

3 houses

14 houses

Nil.

35 houses

254 houses

Nil.

23 floors

112 floors

6 floors

51 floors

9 floors

20 floors

76 floors

559 floors

Nil.

7 houses

42 houses

8 houses 31 houses

159 houses

* bouses

173 houses 60 houses

55 houses

s

614 houses

29 floors

166 floors

1 house

Nil.

Nil.

11 houses

Nil.

3 floors 42 houses

32 floors

3 houses 12 floors

98 floors

2 houses 4 floors

504 floors 1 bouse I floor

24 floors

533 floors

173 floors

4 houses

Nil..

4 floors

2 houses 6 floors

158 floors 3 houses 6 floors

Nil.

Nil.

27 floors

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

88 floors

Nil

1919 floors

32 houses 84 floors 58 houses

126 floors

:

Nature of Offence.

Dumping nightsoil....

Dumping rubbish

M 22

Appendix D. (1)

PROSECUTIONS 1922.

Hongkong Health Districts.

S'wan,

1

1A &

2A

N

1

...

...

Selling unwholesome food...

Obstructions in market ......

Conveying a person suffering from Small Pox in a public ricksha

Adulterated milk

Unregistered Dairies

Not supplying drinking water to poultry and live birds

Selling poultry outside market.

Not having a signboard in a market stall.

Evacuating on hill side

Hawking without a licence

On S. B. Nuisance Notices

Total

:

:::

...

1

1

...

...

...

...

...

::

:::

...

...

:::

.1

·

5

3

4

5

6

6A &

7A

7

10

5

...

2

1

1

:

...

I

5:::

2

MN

...

00

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

::

...

:::

...

...

5

10

1

4

...

...

1

::

N

:

1

...

...

*

...

...

Kowloon Health Districts.

T

10

11

12

13

14

15

::

::

...

1

...

...

6

1

...

::

::

...

1

.1

1

13

1

:: :

1

1

6

1

11

14

7

4

1

1.

4 cases discharged.

1 Defendant absconded.

N

ނ

13

...

1

...

...

5

...

3

6

...

3

ܗ: : :

M 22

Appendix D. (1)

PROSECUTIONS 1922.

Hongkong Health Districts.

1A &

6A &

S'wan.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

2A

7A

...

...

ng from

cksha

...

...

...

water to

rket

d in a

3

3

...

1

...

...

:::

::

1

::

...

...

.1

: 10

5

1

1

6

Co

100

...

***

1

...

...

...

2

1

...

1

::

...

1

...

:5

...

10

::

...

...

4

1

11

14

7

4

1

00

...

:

2

:

1

Kowloon Health Districts.

Total No.

Total amount

of cases.

of Fines.

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

+

...

...

...

::

1

...

1

...

...

...

I

...

...

...

0220o

6

13 3

6

45.00

13.00

135.00

48.00

10.00

650.00

125.00

::

:::

::

1

::

...

...

6.00

...

1

75.00

...

:::

:

1

10.00

1.

...

0.50

1

...

4.00

1

13

1

2

5

53

765.00

Q

13

333

7

تن

6

3

CO

85

$ 1,686.50

1

1

4 cases discharged.

1 Defendant absconded.

!

M 23

Appendix E.

House Cleansing Return.

Floors cleansed,

1920.

1921. 1922.

Eastern Districts (Shaukiwan, 1,

la & 2a, 2)

Central Districts (3, 4 & 5)

21,813 23,561 24,879

16.177

20,185 | 22,344

Western Central Districts (6, 6a &

7a, 7)

12,177

19,203

23.198

Western Districts (8, 9 & 10),

18,199 23,331 23,961

Totals,....

68,366 86,280 94,382

Kowloon (11, 12, 13, 14 &15)

28.046

28,854 35,863

Districts Shaukiwan, 12 and 13 were cleansed twice, and the

remainder three times.

Shaukiwan

1 H.D.

...

la & 2a H.D.

2 H.D.

3 H.D.

4 H.D.

...

5 H.D.

6 H.D.

6a & 7a H.D.

7 H.D.

8 H.D.

9. H.D.

10 H.D.

...

...

1 storey.

2 storeys.

Appendix F.

Table Showing Number of Chinese Houses and Floors, Victoria 1922.

3 storeys.

4 storeys.

5 storeys.

6 storeys.

Houses.

238

...

...

::

306

408

1

953

...

2,078

2.14

188

391

141

1

721

1,397

1.92

50

155

415

178

2

800

2,327

2.9

8

171

503

218

...

...

22

56

58

...

::

851

2,631

3:09

136

444

3.26

13

78

667

478

29

...

...

1,267

4,003

3.15

25

122

501

301

30

980

3,132

3:19

60

26

333

358

37

814

2,728

3:35

13

15

197

185

12

::

422

1,434

3:39

7

13

255

359

29

00

666

2,398

3:59

50

557

347

20

975

3,257

3.34

18

242

528

293

6

...

1,087

3,288

3:02

24

157

547

...

80

808

...

2,299

2.84

Total...

645

1,748

5,108

2,857

165

6

10,480

31,415

3.01

Floors.

Average.

— M 24 ----

11 H.D.

12 H.D.

13 II.D.

14 H.D.

...

15 H.D.

Appendix F.

Table Showing Number of Chinese Floors, Kowloon.

1 storey.

2 storeys. 3 storeys. 4 storeys.

Houses.

Floors.

Average.

...

~N

2

157

308

132

599

1,768

2.95

7

234

801

173

1,215

3,570

2.94

132

103

841

1,084

2,893

2.66

598

245

508

1,358

2,640

1.94

1,547

...

342

164

2,053

2,723

1.32

Total,...

2,286

...

1,081

2,622

320

6,309

13,594

2.36

M 25

1

M 26

Appendix G.

Limewashing 1922.

Victoria.

Kowloon.

1921.

1922. 1921. 1922.

Houses limewashed by owners,

6,693 7,507* 3,402 3,376

Houses limewashed by S. B. at owners'

request,

150 549

94

98

...

Houses limewashed by S. B's Contractor owing to owners' failure to comply with the by-law,

Total

238

164

87

90

7,081 8,220 3,583 3,564

* Shaukiwan included this year.

Appendix H.

Vaccination Return for 1922.

Registry.

B. F.

Unvace-

inated.

Cannot Had

New births. liable.

Total Vaccin-

ated.

Left

Insusc-

Dead.

Colony.

be Sinall-

found.

Unfit.

eptible.

pox.

Sanitary Department (Non-Chinese)

202

382

584 302

10

38

19

Sanitary Department (Chinese)

915

1,031

1,946

550

21

275

186

Eastern Chinese Public Dispensary

488

913

1,401

300

144

142

324

Yaumati Chinese Public Dispensary

349 842

1,191

235

82

28

200

Western Chinese Public Dispensary

197

249

446

117

29

7

54

Shamshuipo Chinese Public Dispensary.

58

164

222

61

17

12

13

Shaukiwan Chinese Public Dispensary

40

49

89

18

7

33

Hunghom Chinese Public Dispensary

31

46

77

36

15

6

Kowloon City Chinese Public Dispensary Central Chinese Public Dispensary

20

46

66

32

6

4

38

145

183

83

1

38

23

Total...

2,338

3,867

6,205

1,734

332

558

862

10

Total

C. F.

Total.

17

198

584

28

881

1,946 |

491

1,401

10

636

1,191

239

446

116

222

M 27 -

20

89

12

77

21

66

2

36

183

LO

64

2,650

6,205

M 28

Appendix I.

Table I.

Collection.

Hongkong Kowloon Total

1. Salary of Coolies...

2. Salary of Drivers...

3. Scavenging Gear...

4. Maintenance of Bullocks

67,164.40 20,948.62 88,113.02

5,062.25 1,967.58 7,029.83

3,502.52 929.75 4,438.27

5. Maintenance of Dust Carts...

4,000.00 2,000.00 6,000.00

660.00 340.00 1,000.00

Total

80,395.17 26,185.95 106,581.12

or $1.11

Special Expenditure:-

Carts...

Bullocks

$ 1,300

700

$ 2,000

a ton.

Salary of Bargemen

...

Repairs to Launches and Barges Stores of Launches and Barges Coal...

...

...

...

Table II

Removal.

.

Hongkong

Kowloon

Total

16,601.55

3,312.35

19,913.90

13,151.15

4,482.64

14,713.64

3,312.35

52,261.33

or $.55 per ton

Total

:

:

:

16,601.55

Special Expenditure (New Steam Launch) $49,700. (part paid).

Table III

Comparative Table for 2 years.

City Scavenging Kowloon Scavenging Removal

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

:

1921

1922

72,445.13

80,395,17

23,590.84

26,185.95

54,716.46

52,261,38

M 29 -

M 30

Appendix J

List of Ambulance and Dead Van Stations.

Cattle Depot, Kennedy Town,

Government Civil Hospital.

New Western Market, North Block.

No. 6 Police Station.

Central Police: Station.

New Post Office Building. Pokfulam Police Station. No. 1 Police Station. Bay View Police Station. Aberdeen Police Station. Stanley Police Station.

Scavenging Coolies' Quarters, Shaukiwan.

164 Magazine Gap Road, Peak.

Tsim Sha Tsui Police Station. Sham Shui Po Police Station. Kowloon City Police Station. Tai Po Police Station,

Sha Tau Kok Police Station. An Tau Police Station.

*

Appendix K.

MARKETS.

The following statement shows the Revenue derived from Markets :-

Markets.

1909-1918 (average for 10 years).

1919.

1920.

1921.

1922.

M 31

$

C.

C.

с.

C.

C.

Central Market Hung Hom Market

Mong Kok Tsui Market Sai Wan Ho Market Sai Ying Pun Market Shaukiwan Market

Shek Tong Tsui Market So Kon Po Market Tai Kok Tsui Market

Tsim Sha Tsui Market

Wan Chai Market

Western Market, (North Block)

58,961.77

60,640,50

60,792.00

62,213.20

62,604.30

3,998.00

4,294.50

4,324.20

4,333.20

4,499.70

1,161.97

1,258.80

1,258.80

1,520.40

3,144.90

2,062.40

2,389.00

2,402.30

2,439.30

2,522.60

15,071.20

16,496.70

16,520.40

16,491.60

16,491.60

1,920.91

2,085,60

2,085.60

2,085.60

3,085,60

839.98

942.00

942.00

942.00

942.00

1,445.61

1,490.40

1,490.40

1,603.15

2,193.60

641.65

676.60

796.10

845.50

851.00

385.97

4,502.90

4,553.40

4,556.40

4,557.20

4,707.02

4,842.90

4,862.40

4,862.40

4,862.40

15,840.84

19,220.20

19,171.70

19,239.60

20,467.80

Western Market, (South Block)

26,392.86

32,553.10

32,569.00

33,098.00

32,917.80

Yaumati Market

8,959.72

10,834.00

10,840.80

10,840.80

11,260.40

Aberdeen Market

470.80

463.20

458.70

320.90

433.80

Canal Road Market opened 1/4/13

516.00

516.00

516.00

516.00

516.00

Praya East Market opened 1/12/13. Reclamation Street Market opened 1/9/13 Staunton Street Market opened 1/10/12 Tai Hang Market opened 1/4/14

452.10

291.40

326.60

364.50

266.30

2,951.20

2,729.10

2,671.80

2,677.50

2,744.60

894.16

837.00

940.80

949.80

952.80

1,037.72

592.00

590.40

590.40

571.50

Sham Shui Po Market opened 1/6/18 Kowloon City Market opened 1/1/22

Total,...

2,127.10

3,102.80

2,898.40

2,915.40

2,911.50

285.30

150,833.98 170,758.70 171,011.80 173,515.65

178,082.20

Appendix L.

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

Average

(10)

Cemetery.

Approxi-

mate

burial space. 31/12/21.

Available

Subsquent Exhumation.

Gross

Burials

Net

available

Average

burials

space as on

available

since

private exhumation

Last General Exhumation.

Private.

Public.

space.

31/12/21.

space on

31/12/22.

for last

10 years.

for last

10 years.

Year No. | Year

No.

1917

288

...

1913 1,669

1916 338

1918 864

1920

1,921

Colonial

10,200

1,629

:

1,629

64

1,565

75

Roman Catholic

8,000

3,495

26

3,521

178

3,343

156

Mohammedan

3,500

986

986

78

908

65

Parsee

200

,100

100

100

1

Mount Caroline

23,000

9,819

335

10,154

1,049

9,105

684

Chinese Protestant...

1,100

205

205

77

128

51

Eurasian (Ho Tung) Kai Lung Wan East Tung Wah (K.L.W.). Mohammedan T.S.K. Sai Yu Shek (old).

210

200

200

200

::

25,550

3,053

175

53,486

7,789

86

128888

3,228

1,596

1,632

1,196

7,875

4,875

3,000

4,166

...

8,000

7,077

7,077

1

7,076

1

2,500

946

192

1,138

248

890

117

Shaukiwan (Chai Wan).

6,700

2,000

14

2,014

253

1,761

201

Shaukiwan (Christian)

. 185

99

99

1

98

3

...

Stanley (Tung Tau Chau)..

1,040

135

2

133

21

112

34

...

So Kon Po (Roman Catholic).

20,000

18,730

18,730

1,404

17,326

1,294

Aberdeen (Shum Wan).

1,030

643

654

230

424

221

Jewish.

250

120

120

2

118

Shek O

3

...

...

Malay

Ho Mun Tin

Chinese Permanent. Kowloon Tong Christian

Sai Yu Shek (new)

100

30,000

...

5,400

100

30,000

100

1

99

30,000

3,795

26,205

:

51

1

55

...

...

27

:

...

1920 1,952

Exhumation in progress..

Closed 31/12/22.

1911 1,276 1920 1,197

Noted for exhumation.

M

32

M 33

Appendix M.

List of Revenue from January to December, 1922.

S

C.

Chinese Undertakers' Licences,

680.00

Forfeitures,...

...

46.83

Special Food Licences,

8.526.40

Ambulance and Cremation Fees,

1,153.50

Births and Deaths Registration,

Chinese Cemetery Fees,

Official Certificates, ... Use of Motor Vans, Laundries, Markets,

...

Slaughter House, Kennedy Town, Slaughter House, Ma Tau Kok,

Interest.

...

Condemned Stores, etc.,

Scavenging City Villages and Hill District,

1,701.50

4,491.00

3.522.00

4,405.22

2,400.00

...

177,892.60

92.826.10

21.487.00

46.55

Total,

1921,

...

240.00

2,356.25

...$321,774.95

319,598.37

Revenue from Contracts.

$

Deduction $

Conservancy Contract, Victoria,

Conservancy Contract, Kowloon, Conservancy Contract Shaukiwan, Blood and Hair, Kennedy Town,... Blood and Hair, Ma Tau Kok, Slaughtering Contract, Sai Wan Ho, Slaughtering Contract, Aberdeen,

Total,

***

...

38,400 22,400

$3,040

35,360

900 21.500

2,712

8,472

2,304

:

:

:

2.976 1,440

...$ 74,764

M 34

Appendix N.

List of Expenditure from January to December, 1922.

Personal Emoluments,

Advertisement,

Ambulances, Coffins, Dead Vans, &c.,

Bath Houses, Fuel,

Bath Houses, Incidental Expenses,

$ C. 392,191.47

497.41

595.16

...

1,379.95

59.70

Bath Houses, Light,

...

22.63

Bath Houses, Rent,

480.00

Bonus to Dispensary Clerks for Registra-

tion of Births,

441.30

Burial of Infected Bodies,...

630.00

Cemeteries, Incidental Expenses,

120.95

Compensation for Damages by Disinfec-

tion and Cleansing,

431.88

Conveyance Allowances,

7,468.29

Coolie Labour,

114.00

Disinfectants,

8.850.49

Disinfecting and Cleansing Apparatus,

3,746.43-

Disinfectors,

1,690.24

Dust and Water Carts,

1.207.76

Expenses of Vaccination,

3,778.80

Fuel for Blacksmith's Forges,

432.00

General Cleansing, Chinese New Year,

469.30

Head Stones,

...

1,737.96

Incidental Expenses,

2,403.22

Incidental Expenses, Markets,

678.88

Launches, Steam Barges, &c., Repairs,

Kowloon,

Launches, Steam Barges, &c., Coal,....

Launches, Steam Barges, &c., Stores,

Light, Bullock Stables at Victoria and

Light, Central Market,

Sanitary Offices and Matsheds,...

14,713.64

13,151.15

G

4,482.64

...

198.67

2,416.84

Light, Disinfecting Stations, District

1,006.70

Light, Public Latrines,

...

657.09

Light, Smaller Markets,

...

1,464.33

Light, Tsim Sha Tsui Market,

845.46

...

Light, Western Market, N. and S. Blocks,

1.274.19

Nightsoil Receptacles,

1,436.55

Paint, Turpentine, &c.,

803.99

Purchase and Maintenance of Bullocks, Rat Poison, Rat Traps, &c.,

8,483.10

254.96

Carried forward,

...$480,617.13

M 35

Brought forward,...

Refund of Fees for Sanitary Institute

$480,617.13

Examination,

289.70

Rent of Quarters for Inspectors and for

Sanitary Offices,

1,152.00

District,

Rent of Quarters for Scavenging Coolies,

Scavenging City, Villages, and Hill

Scavenging Gear,

Scavenging Gear, Kowloon,

Street-watering,.......

2.394.00

1,378.01

4,893.63

929.75

318.30

Transport,

...

837.19

Uniform for Staff,

6.492.21

Workshop Apparatus,

...

224.93

Animal Depôts and Slaughter-houses :

Fuel,

2,430,00

Incidental Expenses,...

Light

Motor Meat Van; Running Cost

Cattle Crematorium and Refuse Destructor

653.89

528.64

2,552.81

469.72

Total,

1921,

*

?

...$506,161.92

...$500,741.63

Crown Agents' a'c for November and December are excluded as they have not yet arrived.

Special Expenditure.

Exhumation, Various Cemeteries Dust and Water Carts :-

4 4-wheeled Dust Carts ... 34-wheeled Water Carts

1 Dust Cart (Hand)...

10 Bullocks...

1 Steam Launch

1 Pig Weighing Machine

:

2 Refuse Junks, (not proceeded with)

102.80

1,201,47 2.015.41

118.70

700.00

37,275.00

342.93

Total,

(Steam Launch not yet completed).

...$ 41,756.31

HEALTH DISTRICTS

SAI YING PUN

No. 8

SHEUNG WAN

No. 7

No. 6

KENNEDY TOWN

SHEK TONG TSVI

POKFULAM ROAD

No. 10

No. 9

7A

6A

BONHAM ROAD

CITY OF VICTORIA.

CHUNG WAN

No. 5

No. 4

No. 3

M 31

HARB

CTS

YING PUN

No. 8

7A

SHEUNG WAN

No.

6A

No. 6

No. !

ORIA.

No. 3

CHUNG WAN

No. 4

·M 37-

----

HARBOUR

No. 2

2A

1A

No. 1

POWEN ROAD

M 37

HARBOUR

No. 2

2A

1A

No. 1

BOWEN ROAD

CAUSEWAY BAY

WONG NEI CHUNO

TAI HANG

□ MARKET

SHAM SHUI PO

14.

Q MARKET

---

· M 38-

KOWLOON H.

¤ MARKET

13.

HARBOUR OF

REFUGE

MONGKO KTSUI

YAUMATI

WAR DEPT

MARKET

DYAUMATI STATION

DISINFECTING STATION

□ MARKET

12.

KING'S PARK

EUR

PROT:

CEMİ

R.C.C.

□ MARKET

SHAM SHUI PO

14.

□ MARKET

M 38-

KOWLOON H.D'S.

□ MARKET

13.

HARBOUR OF REFUGE

MONGKO KTSUI

YAUMATI

WAR DEPT

MARKET

DYAUMATI STATION

DISINFECTING STATION

□ MARKET

KING'S PARK

12.

22

EUROPEAN PROTESTANT CEMETERY

R. C. CEMETERY

CHINESE CEMETERY

MA TAU W

INDIAN CEMETERY

D

CHINESE CEMETERY.

15.

CHINESE CEMETERY

11.

HUNG HOM

ном

BAY

MARKET

SHEKSHA

- M 38-

N® H.D'S.

/

CHINESE CEMETERY

MA TAU WAI

STATION

INDIAN CEMETERY

D

ING

EUROPEAN PROTESTANT CEMETERY

R. C. GEMETERY

CHINESE CEMETERY

MA TAU KOK

CATTLE DEPOT

15.

CHINESE CEMETERY

4

KING'S PARK

11.

HUNG HOM

BAY

SHEKSHAN.

MARKET

TO KWA WAN

{

M 39

REPORT OF THE MEDICAL OFFICER OF HEALTH.

PHYSICAL CONDITIONS AND CLIMATE.

1. The Colony of Hongkong consists of the Island of that name, a few islets in its immediate neighbourhood, the peninsula of Kowloon and the so-called New Territories which are held on lease from the Chinese Government for a period of ninety-nine years from 1898.

The area of the Island is about 32 square miles, that of the Kowloon Peninsula about two and three-quarter square miles and, that of the leased New Territories about 282 square miles.

Of the leased territory 266 square miles are without the jurisdiction of the Sanitary Board.

The Colony is situate just within the limit of the northern tropic. The latitude and longitude at the Royal Observatory in Kowloon are :--

Latitude 22° 18′ 132", Longitude 114° 10′ 27′′.

2. The Island of Hongkong while of very irregular contour and deeply indented has its greatest length roughly East and West. The Harbour lies between the island and the mainland.

The Kowloon peninsula lies roughly North and South.

The Island of Hongkong consists of a range of hills rising steeply to approximately 1,800 feet at its highest point-The Peak with very little flat land except that which has been reclaimed from the sea in and near the City of Victoria situated on the northern shore.

South of the range of hills which divides the area of the New Territories not under the supervision of the Sanitary Board from the Kowloon peninsula, the land is much flatter than in Hongkong and here a large amount of the land has been reclaimed by the filling of bays and estuaries of streams. Many small hills have been razed for the purpose of such reclamation.

Geologically the Colony consists chiefly of decomposed granite and the sub-soil is permeable to and retentive of water.

The hillsides are generally well wooded or covered with a dense growth of shrubs.

The climate of the Colony is variable. The table following shows the monthly means or sums of the meteorological data recorded during the year under review.

The coincidence of high temperatures and humidity is noticeable.

The rainfall for the year was only 69-435 inches as compared with 97.340 in 1922. This comparatively small rainfall was responsible for a shortage of water necessitating curtailment of supply during the drier months of the year.

Month.

Barometer

at M.S.L.

Max. Mean. Min.

Rel. Abs.

M 40

METEOROLOGICAL RETURNS, 1922.

TEMPERA-

TURE.

HUMI-

DITY.

Cloudiness.

Sunshine.

WIND.

Rain.

Direction. Vel.

ins.

O

p.c. ins.

p. c.

hours. ins.

points. miles p.l.

January, February,

March,

April,

May,

June,...

July,

August,

September,

30.14 64.5 60.5 57.6 30.04 | 65.0 61.3 58.1 30.04 68.5 64.1 61.1 29.96 75.7 71.0 67.6 29.83 83.3 78.6–75,4 29.74 86.5 81.9 78.8 29.72 87.3. 82.5 78.6 29.65 87.3; 82.4 · 78,8 29.78 85.7 80.4, 76,5

SI 0.43 83 0.46 81 0.49

94.7 2.660

E

13.4

87

79.31 5.490

E

15.4

98.7 3.675

E

14.6

81 0.62

76

153.1 2.020

E by S

12.0

85 : 0.83

79

175.8 5.495

ESE

12.1

81

0.89

79

183.4

6.525

8 by E

10.4

81

0.90

58

246.6 12.800

ESE

11.6

82 0.91

78

180.0 17.535

SSW

7.7

780.82 60

205.3 9.935

NE by E

10.1

October,

30.00 80.3 75,5 | 72,1

7:4 0.66

56

223.2|2.025 E by N

12.2

November,

December,

30.13.74.168,4 ! 63,4 30.18: 66.8 61.7, 57,4 64

59

0.13

50

197.8 0.535

ENE

9.3

0.36

62

.159.4 0.740

ENE

10.0

Mean or

29.93 | 77.1|72.3 68.8 77.5 0.65

71

166.35 69.435 E

11.6

Total,...

і

POPULATION.

The estimated population of the Colony at the middle of

1922 was as follows:-

Non-Chinese Civil Population..

15.200

Chinese Civil Population :--

Civil of Victoria (including The Peak)

340,000

Villages of Hongkong

25.900

Kowloon (including New Kowloon)

133,000

New Territories (land)..

84,000

Population afloat

64,300

Total Chinese Population

647,000

Total Civil Population.....

662,200

The census of 1921 gives the population of the Colony as

follows:-

Island of Hongkong

Kowloon Peninsula

New Territories North

New Territories South

Floating population

Total

347,401

123,448

66.114

17,049

71,154

625,166

The increase shown over the population at the previous

consus (1911) was 168,427.

M 11

The excess of males over females is very marked. At the census of 1911 there were 135,563 more males than females enumerated and in 1921 the difference had increased to 140,048.

The floating population (64,300) is distributed amongst the following classes of boats :-

Passenger boats....................

Lighters, cargo, and water boats.

Fishing and other boats

Hulks

1,918

1,855

6.306

76

5,238

Boats (mostly fishing) in New Territories ...

IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION.

There is a continual flow of the populace between this Colony and China and the population to a large extent appears to be constantly changing, but it cannot be said to what extent arrivals in any year are of new comers or of people returning after having previously left the Colony,

The river steamers plying between Hongkong and China brought 645,744 and took away 636,694 persons.

The Kowloon-Canton Railway brought 526,111 persons and took away 522,909.

This gives a total of 1,171,855 immigrants and 1,159,603 emigrants by these routes alone but, as there are other means of entering and leaving the Colony eg. by junks and ocean going steamships these figures do not accurately show the interchange of population.

BIRTHS.

The Chinese are careless in the matter of registering births especially those of Female children. It appears to be a Chinese custom not to register even the birth of a male child unless such child has survived for at least one month, while female children Frequently are not registered at all. This refers to the custom in China of enrolling the child's name at the ancestral temple and no doubt this custom prevents the registration in this Colony of births as required by the Births and Deaths Registration Ordinance which appears to have no counterpart in China proper.

The number of births reported by registered midwives for 1922 was as follows:-

Male...... Female..

2,814

.2,490

5,304

M 42

During 1922 however there was a considerable improvement in the registration of Chinese births as shown by the following

table-

Births registered during 1922.

Male.

Female.

Total.

1921. 1922.

1921. 1922.

1921. 1922.

Chinese,

Non-Chinese,

.1,978 2,205

194

1,275 1,317

3,253 3,522

188

171

194

365

382

Totals,.....2,172 2,393

1,446 1,511

3,618 3.904

This gives a general civil birth rate of 6'69 per 1,000 as compared with 6.1 in 1921.

The birth rate amongst the Non-Chinese Civil Community was 22.84 as compared with 25·88 in 1921.

The birth rate amongst the Chinese as calculated from the registered births, was 6-25 per 1,000 as compared with 5'68 per 1,000 in 1921.

The following table shows the birth rates (calculated from registered births) amongst the Non-Chinese and Chinese Civil. Community for the last ten years.

BIRTH BATES FROM 1913 to 1922.

Year.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

1913.....

15.8

8.9

1914.

16.8

6.8

1915.

13.2

5.7

1916.

20:05

5.8

1917

20:08

4-9

1918.

22.07

36

1919.

20.6

3.9

1920.

19.78

3.96

1921.

25.88

5.68

1922.

22.84

6.25

The preponderance of male births over female has always been marked in this Colony but is less for the year 1922 than in previous years except for 1921.

There were 167 Chinese male births registered to every 100 Chinese female births. During the years 1921, 1920, 1919 and 1918 the proportions were 155 to 100, 190 to 100, 215 to 100 and 194 to 100.

Amongst the Non-Chinese community the proportion of male to female births for the year 1922 was 97 to 100.

M 43

The nationality of the civilian Non-Chinese parents was as follows:-

British 165, Portuguese 72. Indian 55. American 10, Filipino S, Spanish 6, Japanese 6, French 2, Malay 7. Dutch 2, Jewish 2, Eurasian 3, Australian, Annamite, West Indian, German, Norwegian, Persian, Javanese, Danish and Canadian 1 each.

DEATHS.

The total number of deaths in the Colony during 1922 was 14,569 (11,880 in 1921).

The general civilian death rate was 25-16 per 1,000 (20-27 in 1921).

The Chinese deaths numbered 14,241 (11,604 in 1921).

The Chinese death rate was 25:47 per 1.000 (20-29 in 1921). The Non-Chinese deaths numbered 328 including 17 from the Navy and Army.

The death rate for the Non-Chinese Civil community was 20:46 per 1,000 (18·08 per 1,000 in 1921).

The nationality of the civilian Non-Chinese deaths was as follows:-

:-

British 50, Filipino 59, Indian 57, Japanese 43, Portuguese 64, Malay 15, American 5, French 7, Eurasian 1, Dutch, Annamite, Spanish, Russian 2, Swiss, German, Norwegian, 2, Jewish 1, Italian 1, West Indian 1, Swedish 1. African 1.

AGE DISTRIBUTION OF DEATHS.

The number of deaths of children under one year of age was 4,216 of which 4,165 were Chinese and 51 Non-Chinese.

Of these 1.067 Chinese and 15 Non-Chinese were under one month old.

The ratio of infants' deaths to the total deaths registered was 28.9 per cent. For Chinese deaths alone the ratio was 29-2 per cent, while for the Non-Chinese it was 155 per cent.

A true infantile mortality rate cannot be calculated as it is not known how many children were born in the Colony owing to the habit of not registering births amongst the Chinese.

Owing also to the constant flow of Chinese between Hongkong and China the death rate cannot be corrected by distributing them according to the place of origin of their causes.

The deaths of children between one and five years of age numbered 2,234 of which 2,218 were Chinese.

M 14

The following table shows the death rate for the last ten years.

DEATH RATE.

Year.

Chinese, Non-Chinese. General.

1913.....

21.75

10.9

21.16

1914.

23.88

12.99

23.34

1915.

19:00

9.4

18:59

1916...

24.60

15.08

24.00

1917

23-0

14:00

23.4

† 1918.

24:5

19.50

24.4

1919.

23-3

21.90

23.2

1920...

22.78

17.90

21.19

1921

20.29

18.08

20-27

1922..

25.47

20:46

25.16

* For Civil population only since 1916.

A conflagration killed 522 Chinese in 1918.

DISEASES.

Respiratory Diseases.

The number of deaths from these causes other than pulmonary tuberculosis was 4,863 of which 93 were Non-Chinese.

age.

Of these 2,396 occurred amongst children under one year of

The deaths ascribed to Lobar Pneumonia and Pneumonia (type not defined) were 642 and 602 respectively or a total of 1,244. Of this total 356 were of children under one year of age.

Broncho-pneumonia accounted for 1,833 deaths of which 17 were Non-Chinese. Of these 117 were infants under one year of age only 11 being Non-Chinese in this age group.

The total deaths amongst the Chinese from Respiratory diseases was 6,155 or 432 per cent of the total Chinese deaths giving a rate of 10-6 per 1,000 persons (882 in 1921 and 9-8 in 1920).

Tuberculosis.

Pulmonary Tuberculosis caused 1,385 Chinese and 25 Non- Chinese deaths.

Other forms of Tuberculosis caused 686 deaths 8 of which were Non-Chinese making a total of 2,096 deaths, a percentage of 143S of the total deaths registered.

M 45

TUBERCULOSIS ACCORDING TO AGE AND

TYPE OF DISEASE IN CHINESE.

The population of the Colony fluctuates so much that it is not possible to obtain accurate figures to show the age distribution of the population.

The census return of 1921 however gives tables showing the ages of 503,686 Chinese inhabiting the island of Hongkong and the Kowloon peninsula and the floating population connected therewith.

On classifying this population by age groups the following percentages of the population are found in each such groups :—

Under 1 year

Over 1 year and under 5 years

2.22 per cent 5.94 per cent

Over 5 years and under 15 years 16.10 per cent

Over 15 years and under 25 years 25·10 per cent Į 63.78 per Over 25 years and under 45 years 37·60 per cent ( cent. Over 45 years and under 60 years 10-20 per cent

Over 60 years

2.50 per cent

On the Chinese deaths from Tubercular diseases for 1922 being analysed according to certain disease groups and, their percentage rates for each of the above age groups ascertained, the following table results and, if it be assumed that the age distribution of the 1922 Chinese population is similar to that given above, a comparison may be made between the various types of tubercular disease in the different age groups and the incidence of each type in each age group.

For the purpose of this table tubercular diseases have been grouped as follows:-

Type 1 Pulmonary and Acute Miliary Tuberculosis.

Type 2 Tubercular Meningitis.

Type 3 Abdominal Tuberculosis.

Type 4 Disseminated or General Tuberculosis.

Type 5 Other Tubercular diseases,

Disease Groups.

Table showing percentage distribution of population by age groups and the incidence of deaths from tubercular israses in such age groups calenlated per cent of the deaths

from each group of tubere eular diseas

Under 1 year.

Over 1 year

and

under

5 years.

Over 5 years

Japan pare

15 years.

Over 15 years

and

under

25 years.

Over 25 years and under 45 years.

Over 45 years and under

60 years.

Over 60 years.

Type 1

4:35

9.51

4.55

12.50

40:47

22.23

6 21

Type 2

11·66

43.33

33.33

5.0

6.66

Pulmonary and acute Miliary Tuberculosis.

Tuberenlar Meningitis.

Type 3

35.52 43.42

17.10

1:31

2.63

Abdominal Tuberculosis.

Type 4

:

19.13

41.58

16.32

1.33

11:48

6.37

0.76

General Tuberculosis.

Type 5

All types.

...

Population

14.3

57.1

14.3

14:3

Other Tuberculosis.

9.7

19.

8-7

9.8

31·

1.7.

1:5

2-22

5.94

16-1

25.1

37.6

10:2

2.5

All Tubercular diseases.

Estimated percentage of the population in different age

groups.

- M 46-

M 47

A few examples drawn from the table may help to show its purpose.

Thus 62.7 per cent of the population are supposedly between the ages of 15 and 45 years and of tubercular diseases of the lungs, commonly called Consumption, there occurred in this age group 52.97 of the deaths due to such diseases.

Of the deaths from Tubercular Meningitis 88:32 per cent were of children under 15 years of age.

Of the deaths from Abdominal Tuberculosis 96-04 per cent were of children under 15 years of age and of these due to General Tuberculosis 77·03 per cent occurred in this age group,

The actual numbers of Chinese deaths which occurred from tubercular diseases grouped as above are as follows in each age group.

Age Groups

Type Type Type Type Type

4

Under 1 year

63

54

75

1

Over 1 year and under 5 years

138

26

66

163

Over 5 years and under 15

years

66

20

26

64

Over 15 years and under 25 years

181

3

17

Over 25 years and under 45 years

586

4

4

45

1

Over 45 years and under 60 years

322

25

1

Over 60 years

90

3

The following table shows the population of the Colony exclud- ing the New Territories (except New Kowloon) as found at the 1921 census distributed according to age groups and the percentage of persons in each age group.

It also shows for several years past (figures for 1916 and 1918 are not available) the number of deaths registered in such age groups as due to Tuberculosis (all types).

Population and Tuberculosis in age groups for 7 years 1914 to 1922 (1916 and 1918 omitted).

Age groups

Under

1

year

1 year &

under 5

5 years &

under 15

15 years & | 25 years & 45 years & under 25 | under 45 under 45

Over 60

under 60

Population Census 1921

:

11,171

29,960

Percentage of population

"

...

1922...

1920...

1921.

81,553

126,600

189,783

51,580

13,039

2.22

5.94

16.1

25.1

37.6

10*2

2.5

200

393

180

203

640

351

93

219

340

""

157

181

643

256

91

231

""

469

204

171

641

278

65

1919...

""

108

302

139

159

569

258

62

}}

""

1917...

193

290

129

124

486

205

43

1915.

>>

""

59

195

97

110

431

199

32

1914...

""

138

80

101

424

188

34

-M 18 -

M 49

The next table shows death from tubercular diseases (all types) grouped in similar age groups as in the previous table with the total deaths amongst Chinese and the percentage of the deaths from Tuber- culosis of such total Chinese deaths for the same seven years as above.

Deaths from Tuberculosis (all types) in relation to age groups, with total Chinese deaths and percentage of deaths due to Tuberculosis. of such total deaths 1914 to 1922 (1916 and 1918 omitted).

Year

1914

1915

1917

1919

1920

1921

1922

Age under 1 year

59

193

108

231

219

200

1 to 5 years...

138

195

290

302

469

340

393

5 to 15 years

80

97

129

139

204

157

180

15 to 25 years

:

101

110

124

159

171

181

203

25 to 45 years

424

431

486

569

641

643

640

45 to 60 years

188

199

205

258

278

256

351

Over 60 years

34

32

43

65

91

93

Total

1,053

1,123

1,469 1,597

2,059

1.887

2,060

Deaths (Chinese)..... 9.316

7,723 10,244

11,348

12,151

11.604

14,241

1

Percentage of Chinese

deaths due to Tuber- culosis

113

14:5

14:3

140

16-9

16-2

Tetanus and Convulsions.

These diseases account for a considerable number of deaths of infants.

Thus out of 83 deaths ascribed to Tetanus 66 were those of children under one month old and 4 of children over one month and under one

year.

Convulsions accounted for 92 deaths of children under five years of age.

Of these 12 were under one month and 39 over one month. but under one year of age.

M 50

Malaria.

The deaths from this disease were 451 (332 for 1921.) Of these 8 were Non-Chinese and 446 Chinese or a percentage of 3·11 of the total deaths.

The following table shows the distribution of deaths from Malaria in the Colony excluding the New Territories, the total cases, the percentage of these to the total deaths recorded during the last ten years and the number of deaths per 1,000 of the population for the same period.

The deaths from Malaria in the City of Victoria numbered 116 in an estimated population of 340,000 giving a rate of 0:34 per 1,000. In 1921 there were 142 deaths in an estimated population of 360,000 giving a rate of 0'39 per 1,000. -

Year.

Table of Deaths from Malaria 1913 to 1922.

Percentage

of

total deaths

Deaths per

1,000 of

Population

1913

1911

ER

47

33

252

2.99

0·66

73

19

47

20

211

2.26

0.35

157

66

27

46

32

328

4.14

07%

191

182

75

25

36

19

337

3.19

078

1917

205

98

29

68

11

411

3.93

0422

1918

189

71

16

106

10

388

* 2.93

083

1919

117

101

13

71

12

314

2.69

062

1920

141

84

13

82

12

332

2.67

0159

1021

159 86

13

56

332

2.79

037

1922

126

204

34

79

454

3.11

* Allowance made for 522 deaths from conflagration.

†These tables include the British and Foreign Community and Army and

The figures for the districts are for Chinese only.

Beri-beri.

There were 829 deaths from this disease during the year

M 51

The following table shows the numbers of deaths from this disease for the last ten years and the percentage of such deaths of the total deaths for each such year.

Deaths from Beri-beri, 1913 to 1922.

Year.

No. of deaths.

per cent of total deaths.

1913

339

4:01

1914

399

416

1915

398

5:02

1916

520

492

1917

654

6:26

*1918

804

6:09

1919

555

4.76

1920

361

2.90

1921

526

442

1922

829

5.69

* Allowance made for 522 Chinese lives lost through conflagration.

NOTIFIABLE INFECTIOUS DISEASES.

The following cases of these Diseases were notified during

the year.

Disease.

Chinese. Non-Chinese.

Total,

Plague

1,174

1,181

Small-pox...

204

212

Cerebro-Spinal Fever

46

7

53

Enteric Fever

100

39

139

Paratyhoid Fever.

6

21

27

Cholera..

1

0

I

Diphtheria

56

15

71

Scarlet Fever

0

5

5

Puerperal Fever

14

1

15

Relapsing Fever

1.

4

Typhus Fever

0

Yellow Fever

Total.......

1.601

107

1,708

M 52

Of the above there were imported the following cases :- Plague 24, Small-pox 9, Diphtheria 2, Enteric Fever 13. Paratyphoid 2, Relapsing Fever 1, Cerebro-Spinal Fever 5.

Cerebro-Spinal Ferer.

This disease was first recognised in the Colony in February

in 1918.

The following table shows the monthly distribution of the cases which have occurred during the years 1918 to 1922 inclusive.

Monthly prevalence of Cerebro-Spinal Fever.

Month.

1918. 1919. 1920. 1921. · 1922.

January,

23

18

February,

165

32

13

13

دم من

March,.

454

71

40

59

+

April,

274

58

44

18

May,

146

24

10

June,

96

15

10

July,

52

13

August,

14

12

1

September,

10

October,

November,

December,

Cw*

Total,

1.232 207 158

125

53

This disease has shown progressive diminution since the first year of its appearance.

While the spread of this disease is greatly influenced by over- crowding it is noticeable that the greater number of cases occur in the cold season when there are frequently cold winds from North to East blowing over the Colony from the Mainland of China. Under these conditions it is the Chinese habit to close the windows of their houses thereby seriously interfering with their ventilation while in the hot weather it is customary for large numbers to sleep in the open air.

M 53

Plague.

A sharp recrudescence of plague occurred during the year the total cases notified being 1,181.

The last previous epidemic of serious proportion occurred in 1914 when there were 2,146 cases recorded.

The incidence of this disease on the total estimated civil population of the Colony was for the year 1922 178 per 1,000 but if the New Territories be excluded (except New Kowloon) the incidence becomes 2:04 per 1,000.

The following table shows the monthly prevalence of plague for the last ten years.

Month.

1913. 1914 1915, 1916, 1917. 1918. 1919. 1920. 1921, 1922.

T1922

January....

February,

3

47 42

13

3

23

March,

223

74

April,

637

6

247

May,

61

858

171

28 454

June,

248 31

132

64

237

July,

84

24

77

August,

62

29

September..

October,

16

November,

!

10

December,

23

Total,

408 2,146 144 39 38

266 464 138 150 .181

The epidemic may be said to have begun in November, 1921.

was

After a period of 47 days free from plague a case notified on November 14th, 1921. A severe epidemic is usually presaged by the occurrence of a few cases during the last few weeks of one year and the first few weeks of the next even though the numbers for each week be small.

It was therefore expected early in 1922 that plague would be severe during the year.

Fortunately the number of cases which were recorded, though high, fell short of what might have been expected.

Since the last two severe epidemics the population of the Colony had greatly incresased but the incidence of the disease

:

:

M 54

per thousand of the population was much less in 1922 than in the years 1912 and 1914 as is shown by the following table.

Year.

A Total civil population.

B Population (civil) ex- cluding New

Incidence

Incidence

Cases.

per 1,000 on A.

per 1,000 on B.

Territories.

1912

456,739

376,117

1,857

4.06

4.93

1914

493,594

403,000

2,146

4.34

5.32

1922

662,200

578,200

1,18!

1.78

2.04

The cases were distributed as follows:--

City of Victoria

Kowloon

Harbour

Aberdeen...

Stanley

Shaukiwan

New Territories

Imported.....

779 cases

298 cases

36 cases

12 cases

() case

29 cases

3 cases

24 cases

TOTAL........

.1,181 cases

The estimated population of the City of Victoria for 1922 was 340,000 and of Kowloon 133,000.

The incidence of Plague per 1,000 of the population was therefore for Victoria 2.29 per 1,000 and for Kowloon 2:24 per 1,000.

The epidemic began much later in the year in Kowloon than in Victoria but was relatively to the population more severe at the later end of the epidemic.

The following table and diagrams show the prevalence of the epidemic from its beginning in November 1921 to the end of 1922 week by week in Victoria and Kowloon.

G

M 55

1922

prevalence of Plague from 14th November, 1921 to 31st December, 1922.

3333

34

35

36 37 38

39

40

41 43 44

45

46

47

48 49 50

51

52

1

0 0 2

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

()

1

1

0

1

0

1

0

4

...

...

1

...

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:

:.

:

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:

1

:

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:

4:

:

D:..

::.

:.

:.

:

:

...

:

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1

:

:

:

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:

:

15 | 16

17

18

19 20

21

223

23

24 25 26 27

28

29 30 31 32

33

60 70 92

3883

69

41 41 36

38

26 25 15

12

כן

5

5

100

2 11 11

23 27

20

18 | 22

22

22 17 35 16 21

7 6

3 4 9 5

GO

6 4 2

5

ลง

LO

2

2

0

1

0

1

1

1

N

:

:

:

:

:

:

1

1 4.

2

รา

2 1

1

2

คง

4

2

:.

...

:

0 0

:

:

:

...

ลง

4 1 1 2

:

:

:

:

:

:

4.

2

:

:

:

:.

...

:

:

:

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:

F:.

:.

:

:

:.

:..

:.

:..

:

:

:

:.

:

:

...

...

1921

1922

M 55

Weekly prevalence of Plague from 14th November, 1921 to 31st Decembe

6

7 8 9 10 11

9. 19

12 13 14. 15

16 17 18

19

20

21

22 | 23

24

14 11 24 38 33 60

8

83

103 635

225

25 | 26 | 27

15❘ 12

70 92 83

3 2 11 11 23 27

3

2

...

:

1 6

1

:

:

:

CO

69 | 41 41 36 26 25

·LO

22

17 35 16 16 21

5 2 2 0 1 0 1

N

e

2018 18 22

22

6

4 2

1

2

3

1

4

3

2

:

:

:

...

:

...

...

4

2

0

0

30 31

:..

...

:

:

:

:

:

1

:

2

:

...

...

Week

46 47 48 49 50 51

52

1 2 3 4

5

LO

Victoria

Kowloon

3 1 2

3

1

Harbour

Shaukiwan

:

Aberdeen'..

New Territories.

Imported.

:

:

:

:

...

:

:

:.

:

:

:.

:

:..

:

:

:

:

:

...

...

:

...

...

...

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1 1 45 14 3 4 8 11

15

...

:

...

...

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

...

:

:

...

:

...

...

...

...

...

...

1

...

...

***

...

I 1

...

:.

ลง

2

1 1 1

0

ลง

4

1

1

ลง

M 57

A diagram is also appended to show the weekly rise and fall of the general mortality rate for the Colony.

It will be seen that the general death rate is not so markably affected by the incidence of plague as might be expected.

The following table showing the occurrence of plague since its first outbreak in the Colony is carried on for ease of reference, from last year's report.

Year

Cases

Year

Cases

1894......

* 5,000

1909..

135

1895.

44

1910...

25

1896..

1,204

1911..

269

1897...

21

1912..

1,857

1898.

1,320

1913...

408

1899.

1,486

1914...

2,146

1900.

1,087

1915.

144

1901..

1,651

1916..

39

1902.

572

1917....

38

1903....

1.415

1918..

266

1904...

510

1919.

464

1905..

272

1920

138

1906....

893

1921...

150

1907...

240

1922.

1,181

1908..

1,073

*This is an estimate and is probably much too low,

1921

1922

95

90

85

80

75

70

65

60

55

50

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

10

0

WEEKS

M 59

WEEKLY PREVALENCE OF PLAGUE FROM NOVEMBER 14TH, 1921 TO DECEMBER 31ST, 1922 CITY OF VICTORIA

i

46 47 48 49 50 51 52 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

1921

1922

95

90

999

85

80

75

70

65

60

55

50

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

10 5

M 60

WEEKLY PREVALENCE OF PLAGUE FROM NOVEMBER 14TH, 1921 TO DECEMBER 31ST 1922

KOWLOON

WEEKS

46 47 48 49 50 51 52 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

35

30

25

20

15

10

M 61

1922

DEATH RATE PER 1000

WHOLE COLONY

50

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

M 63

Small-pox.

Hongkong is never for long free from this disease which occurs principally in the cool season.

The Chinese are not adverse to vaccination but are very careless in protecting themselves by such means. It needs a panic caused by the unusual prevalence of the disease to induce the Chinese to come forward in large numbers to be vaccinated.

Owing to our changing population the number of susceptible persons tends constantly to increase. The last severe Epidemic of Small-pox occurred in the winter of 1916 to 1917 and a Special Vaccination Campaign resulted in some 300,000 Chinese being vaccinated.

As the Colony was threatened with a Small-pox Epidemic early in the year, the disease being prevalent in Shanghai, a special vaccination campaign in January resulted in 127,302 persons being vaccinated,

The following table shows the monthly prevalence of Small-pox in Hongkong for the last ten years,

Monthly prevalence of Sinall-pox 1913 to 1922.

Month

1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919

1920

1921 1922

11

33

10

36

25

11

58-1

54

58 61

19

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2160000 +NOO☺☺☺-

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January.

26

1 358

2

February

23

March

27

April

18

May

10

June

July August September..

October, November.. December

ARTOHOHOH

34 176

29 11

63

38

12

72

18

19

70

328

. Total

111

110 34 712 595 32

27

34 191

212

Influenza.

Hongkong in common with the rest of the world has suffered from the pandemic of Influenza during recent years.

In the years 1916 and 1917 only one death from this disease was recorded each year. The disease appears to have become

pidemic towards the middle of 1918.

M 64

The disease is not notifiable and so its prevalence can only be judged from the number of deaths due to it.

The following table shows the deaths registered as due to In- fluenza during the years 1918 to 1922 inclusive.

Month

1918

1919

1920

1921

1922

January

0

21

39

20

13

February

16

118

19

13

March

0

25

75

20

13

April

0

38

22

18

May

1

75

32

27

B

June

108

137

61

26

11

July

53

77

22

54

40

August

10

30

14

30

30

September

1

30

28

10

October

70

44

13

64

November

95

35

27

76

December

67

34

58

Total

405

449

542

303

422

Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fever.

Paratyphoid Fever was not a notifiable disease in Hongkong prior to 1914.

During the early years of the Colony many deaths were ascribed to continued fever. This term gradually fell into disuse with more accurate means of diagnosis, but it is probable that many cases of Paratyphoid Fever were notified as Typhoid Fever and that the term Continued Fever covered both these groups.

The following table gives the cases of Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fever notified during the years 1913 to 1922,

Month.

1913.

1914.

1915.

1916. 1917.

1918.

1919.

1920.

1921.

1922.

M 65 -

January,

14

11

11

11

15

February,

18

13

19

ག1༧

23

11

10

10+

93

20

3

.6%

85.

March,

131

16

15

22

9

8+

68

3

April,..........

6

6

21

17

219

142

May,

16

181

32

14

94

140

June,

24

17

24

182

44

10

141

179

121

July,

7

14

30

211

241

14

I

22

124

73

August,

23

September,

32

22

October, \...

24

November,

28

10

December,

12

དརྦྦ te ུ པོ

191

381

16

17

92

92

97

152

2*

13

121

22

28

123

39

141

27

21

8

16

12

123

7

13

170

23

17

101

71

7

1

510

149

187

18

201

16

14

14

92

Total,..

201

1408

1983

2201

1887

2472

1338

11814

11579.

13927

T.

136

92

128

170

152

182

101

71

75

100

Chinese cases

P.

3

()

0

0

1

2

41

6

Large figures in month groups indicate paratyphoid cases and small figures Typhoid cases.

M 66

A study of the above table shows that while Typhoid Fever has in recent years not assumed serious epidemic proportions yet the disease is always with us.

It also shows that a large proportion of the cases notified are Chinese.

It is not to be supposed that all Chinese cases of Typhoid are diagnosed as such, as it is a common habit of the Chinese to leave the Colony for their native places when sick.

Many years ago it was thought that Chinese did not suffer much from Typhoid Fever owing to their having acquired more or less immunity to the disease by reason of their so called insanitary habits.

Improved methods of diagnosis both post and ante-mortem have however shown that this disease is common amongst the Chinese in the Colony.

During the last twenty years no outbreak of Typhoid has been definitely traced to contaminated water or milk.

The eating of raw vegetables grown by Chinese methods is a possible source of infection, but the Chinese are not in the habit of eating uncooked food and Europeans soon learn the danger of eating salads.

The more probable cause of the cases is the carrier who either spreads infection by handling food or indirectly through flies which can contaminate food by carrying infective material from the buckets of the dry privies which may have been used by carriers.

It is probable that anti-typhoid innoculation would greatly lessen the incidence of this disease amongst residents in the Colony and all new arrivals who intend to reside here will be well advised to adopt this precaution.

Of the 139 cases of Typhoid which were notified in 1922, 7 Chinese and 6 Non-Chinese were imported.

DIPHTHERIA.

This is a disease which is always with us but has not when the numbers of our population are considered assumed serious epidemic proportions.

In the year under review there were notified 71 cases, 56 of which were Chinese.

There were 32 deaths all but one Chinese and, all but two were under the age

of 15 years and of these 14 were between the ages of 1 and 5 years.

The table below gives the number of Diphtheria cases notified during each month of the last ten years.

The table also shows that the disease has its greater incidence in the cooler months of the year namely October to April.

The numbers of Chinese cases each year are shown below the annual total cases,

نی

Month

DIPHTHERIA CASES NOTIFIED DURING EACH MONTH OF THE YEAR 1913 ro 1922 INCLUSIVE.

1913

1914

1915

1916 1917

1918

1919

1920

1921

1922

M 67 -

January

February

March

April

15

21

13

12

6

27

16

6

6

11

11

16

...

***

25

12

17

...

...

May

June...

July...

August

September October

NNA LO 10

4

13

9

10

CO HLOT 60 60 Q

12

10

6

15

7

2704HON

4.

4

4

1

3

Co

6

13

13

4

November.

14

4.

17

10

...

...

December..

17

11

9

19

11

23

17

12

13

73

9

13

Total

148

78

86

101

69

118

50

76

85

Chinese

75

47

70

80

62

109

39

42

47

515

71

པ་ས

56

...

CHOLERA.

Only one case of the disease was notified during the year. It could not be established that the case was imported.

The following table shows the occurrence of this disease for the last ten years.

CHOLERA FROM 1913 To 1922.

Month

1913

1914

1915 1916 1917

1918

1919

1920

1921

1922

January

February

March

April

: pa

1

16

May

...

June

July

1

I

1

August

53

September

October

29

1

....

26

November

1.

1

December

1

...

...

}

1

...

...

7

9

27

3

Total.

116

19

17

10

Chinese cases

111

19

10

:

46

41

...

...

...

...

...

...

1

1

4

1

...

...

K

...

1

...

1

- M 68 -

1

M 69

SOME COMPARISONS BETWEEN THE YEAR 1921 AND 1922.

For the purpose of calculating the weekly and monthly death rates throughout the year the population of the Colony (ex- cluding the New Territories which are without the jurisdiction of the Board) for 1921 was estimated to be 585,880 and for 1922 578,200.

This decrease for 1922 is due to a census having been taken in 1921. The census returns were much lower than was antic- ipated and were admitted to be probably lower than they should have been by the census officer.

The estimated population for 1922 was based on these census

returns.

The total number of deaths registered in 1921 was 11,880 and in 1922 14,569.

The general death rate for 1921 was 20:27 and for 1922 25 16 giving a difference of 4·89 per 1,000.

This difference in the death rates suggests at first that the health of the Colony was much worse than in the previous year.

The excess of deaths in 1922 over those in 1921 was 2,689.

The deaths from Notifiable Diseases in 1921 were 484 and in 1922 1,416 (1,071 from Plague alone) giving an excess for 1922 of 932 deaths.

By subtracting this last figure from the total excess deaths it is seen that there were in 1922 1,757 excess deaths in 1922 to be accounted for by other causes than the Notifiable Infectious Diseases.

The deaths from Respiratory Disease, Tuberculosis, Malaria and Beri-beri, for the two years were as follows:

Respiratory Diseases (excluding Tubercular

Disease)

1921 1922

3,832 4,863

Tuberculosis

Malaria Beri-beri

1,894 2,096

332 454

526

829

6,584 8,242

With regard to the increase in deaths from Malaria: this may perhaps be explained in part by the rapid growth of urban areas and the consequent extension of the population into districts. in which permanent anti-malarial measures have not kept pace with the growth of the population.

M 70

But if Malaria be excluded there is still an increase of 1,536 deaths from the other three causes.

Overcrowding increases the incidence of tuberculosis but, if overcrowding has increased in spite of the increase of houses this means that the population has increased by immigration.

Non-tubercular respiratory diseases show for 1922 an excess of 1031 deaths and, Beri-beri shows an increase of 303 deaths.

There was therefore an increase of 30-4 per cent in deaths from these causes in 1922 above those in 1921.

The respiratory diseases do not include Influenza from which there were 238 deaths in 1922.

It is not possible to account for the excess of deaths from the non-tubercular respiratory diseases and beri-beri otherwise than by supposing that there was a much greater population in the Colony during 1922 than in 1921.

HOUSING OF THE CHINESE,

In the Health Report for the year 1921 there were made some comments on the housing of the Chinese working classes and, as regards Tuberculosis it was shown that deaths from this cause greatly outnumbered those from all the Notifiable Infectious Diseases.

The same is observable during 1922 for, during this year the total deaths from Tubercular Diseases were 2,096 while those due to the Notifiable Diseases were 1,708.

The deaths in 1922 from General and Pulmonary Tuberculosis were 1,777 or 12:47 per cent of the total deaths.

The want of sufficient light and ventilation in the subdivisions or cubicles which the Chinese are driven to make owing to the bad design of the houses provided for them under the present building laws is doubtless much to blame for the high incidence of tuberculosis in the Colony.

It is true that the law does not permit the erection of window- less cubicles in houses built since the passing of the present Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, but as the law has not had the effect of providing houses in which such cubicles are unnecessary they are still constructed. Efforts over many years to abolish such cubicles have not succeeded.

During the year under review it was recognised that it was necessary to make some concession in the matter of cubicles in new houses i.e. houses built after the passing of the present law

1

i

M 71

and to put such houses on a more or less similar footing to the older houses in which cubicles were permitted by the law.

6

It was therefore decided that in new houses' cubicles should be allowed provided the following conditions were observed: (1) the front quarter of the floor to be left free from cubicles, (2) the partitions forming the sides of the cubicles to be glazed or made of rail or other open work in their upper thirds.

The following diagram shows the arrangement.

A large number of floors have had their cubicles altered to comply with this plan.

In making this concession the Board was actuated by the knowledge that the effectual enforcement of the law would result in driving those people to whom cubicles are a necessity from "new houses" into "old houses" thereby increasing the over- crowding of such old houses" which are for many reasons less sanitary than "new houses".

While it is admitted that a hard and fast law to prevent the construction of windowless cubicles in new houses is desirable. it was found that in practice it was indesirable to enforce the law owing to the fact that the "new houses" are not of such design as makes such concession unnecessary.

A new type of house for the Chinese working classes is imperatively needed and, I am informed that this matter is receiv- ing the attention of the Government.

W. W. PEARSE, M.D., D.P.H., Medical Officer of Health.

M 73

1

-8t

PLAN OF A FLOOR IN A NEW HOUSE WITH CUBICLES

}

- M 75 -

Table I.-DEATHS REGISTERED IN THE COLONY OF HONGKONG DURING 1922.

:

N

12 32

N

3

འབ

00

:.

2

4

2

12

2 10 3 5

0

13

80

25

25

9 6 3 11 76 3 328

Relapsing Fever.

Rabies-Hydrophobia. Dengue Fever.

Paratyphoid Fever.

Influenza.

Small-pox.

Measles.

Typhoid Fever.

Diphtheria.

Cerebro-spinal Meningitis.

Dysentery.

Plague.

Malarial Fever.

Cholera.

Puerperal Fever.

Septic Infections. Syphilis.

Poisoning. Injuries.

Developmental Diseases.

Old Age.

General Tuberculosis.

Beri-beri.

Cancer.

Paralysis and Convulsions.

Heart Diseases.

Pneumonia.

Phthisis & Pulmonary

Tuberculosis.

Enteritis and Gastro-

Enteritis.

Cirrhosis of Liver.

Peritonitis.

Nephritis.

Other causes.

Unknown.

All causes.

British and

Foreign Civil,. Community,

Victoria and

Peak,

Harbour, ......

Kowloon,

Chinese

Community,

Shauki wan,..............

90 109

17

I 116

2

Aberdeen, .....................

Stanley:

:

F

...

I

17

39 20

20 143 715|116|

...

1 6

2

} 17 41 63

60

16

21

8

14

70 281 188.

4

3 I

8 18

28

8

48

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1

3

Total, 1922,

1921,

3238 189 36 78

8 303; 162

6

61

71130

40 | 147 | 240 | 158 | 217 | 503

54 127 123| 2,169|800|295| 37

2

5

00

8

39

6 117 18 84

3

00

13 110 150 32 5

28 | 118 2,244 53 8,832

8 22 | 152 85 1,028

40

79

78

F.

:

38 211| 155 | 165

16

17 72 648 352236 14

12 134 587|156

3,790

3 11

:

3 34

52

N

1

61

30 23

:

7 78 27

398

:

T:

:

:

:.

6

:

1

20

6

:

16

1

1

9.

51 2

1 5 1

172

4

:

:

:.

:

21

:.

:

38 245 1071| 464

9118221

50 293 290 | 556 | 395 | 829 84158 223 3,077 1410 397

73228|130 | 332

3

7 52 317

28 265 336|487|322| 526

51 | 293 3145| 325 | 14,569

སྨྲ

92 181 175 2,136 1343 577

38 224 3185 186 | 11,880

M 76

Table II-CASES OF NOTIFIABLE DISEASES RECORDED IN EACH MONTH OF THE YEAR 1922.

Plague

Typhoid Fever

Paratyphoid Fever

Cholera

Small-pox

Diphtheria

European Chinese Others European Chinese Others

Europeau Chinese Others

European Chinese

Others

:: : ܸ: : :

2

13

January.

February.

March.

April.

August.

September.

October.

November.

December.

Total, 1922.

Total, 1921.

1

...

23

73

247

451

3

234 3

77

29

8

...

4

...

3

4

10

10

6

13

10

10

2

1

1

3

1

2

1

1

...

...

European Chinese

7

33

23

53

59

Others

1

18 1

European Chinese

2

3

1

4

4

2

Others

European

Puerperal Fever...

Scarlet Fever

Relapsing Fever

Typhus Fever............

Cerebro-Spinal Fever...

Chinese Others

European Chinese Others

European Chinese Others European Chinese Others European Chinese

2

...

3

2

3

1

...

...

::::; ::::: ỐNG C

10

1,174 1,181

149

150

6

1

20

22

10

100

139

75

115

2

19

18

1

17

14

5

27

41

79

1

24

...

1

...

4

5

1

...

2

6

204

212

180

191

...

6

5

2

11

20

2

7

9

10

57

71

47

85

1

18

I

14

15

8

11

2

5

...

1

5

1

1

...

3

*

...

1

8

12

2

2

2

1

Others

1

2

2

European

...

Yellow Fever

Chinese

Others

Rabies

Dogs

Total for 1922,

51

88

129 327 537 276 106

Total for 1921,

36

42

2

117 118 111 126

56

3330

3

...

...

...

2

Nil

Nil

...

2

5

46

53

122

125

5

3

Nil

Nil

8

:

57 34

41

3333

338

24

25

40' 38

1,717

:

:

763

Table III.-The following Table shows the nature and distribution of these diseases :-

City of Victoria: Health Districts.

7

8

9

10

:

Total, 1922.

Total, 1921.

M 77

...

298

1 45

3 7.

36 3 41

3

1 7

223

C

22

241181

150

3 14 139

115

2

:

65

13

KO

6

11

2

:

00

:

1

:

10

:

:

:

:

:..

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

4

27

79

I

5.

21 10

212

191

3

71

85

15

]]

:.

I

:

1

:

...

53

123

8

:

Plague

177 272

59

11

21

26

25 74

52

Enteric Fever

11

10

13

འ་

2

Paratyphoid Fever.

CT

:

10

6

+I

Cholera

2

F:

1~0

00

2 1

*

1 2 2 28

2

Co

:

:

19

:

1 2

:

:

:

:

1.

:

1:

:

:

:.

:

2

:

2

2 10

2

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

انت

:

:

:

:

1

:

:

:

:

:

Small-pox

846

Diphtheria

11

Puerperal Fever,

21

Scarlet Fever

Relapsing Fever..

Typhus Fever....

Cerebro-Spinal Fever........

1

Yellow Fever

Rabies

M 78

Table IV.

MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS DURING THE YEAR 1922.

CITY OF VICTORIA.

Mus Rattus...

Mus Decumanus,

Total Infected Rats.......

January.

February.

March.

April.

May.

June.

July.

August.

September.

October.

November.

December.

Total,

عبد رب

3

4

2

:

:

6

Human Cases

of Plague,...

Local.... 12 Import

23

72 218 348 131

35

11 4

2

2

1 59

ed.... 1

1

10

D

6

2

21

:

MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS

DURING THE YEAR 1922.

KOWLOON.

Mus Rattus,

Mus Decumanus,

Total Infected Rats..........

Human Cases of Plague,...

Local,. Import- ed,

January.

:

2

4

3་

5

1

:

++

201

:

February.

March.

April.

May,

June.

September.

October,

November.

| August.

July.

December.

27 101 99 37 16

}

1

The total number of Rats caught in Hongkong

Do.

Do.

:

Kowloon

...

:

Total.

19

1 1298

76,844 32,452

109,296

M

CAUSES.

BRITISH

AND

FOREIGN COMMUNITY.

Civil.

No. 2.

camp followers.

Navy.

No. 1.

:

Troops.

Women & Children.

Army.

1. Enteric Fever

2. Paratyphoid Fever....

2

3. (a) Relapsing Fever

1

(6) Malta Fever ·

4. Malaria.

8

5. Small-pox (a) Vaccinated

(b) Not vaccinated...

(c) Doubtful

3

6. Measles....

No. 3.

RETI

9

:

V

HEALT

:

:

:

25

2

9

47

2

:

:

:

:

من

8

1

:

:

:.

:

20

Ι

:

:

:

:

:

142

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

T:

:

:

4:

7. Dengue Fever

8. Whooping Cough

9. (a) Diphtheria..

(b) Membranous laryngitis....

(c) Croup......

10. Influenza

11. Fever, (undefined)

12. Asiatic Cholera

13. Cholera Nostras

14. Dysentery.

15. Plague

16. Yellow Fever

17. Leprosy

*

:

12

:

5

R

7

:

2

:

LO

5

7

:

:

:

.:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

3

:.

:

:

:

13

2

13

2!

:

:

10

258

T:

:

:

:

10

5

:

00

3

9

:

ات

65

32

19

:

:

:

:

.:.

7

No. 2.

:

0 25

Э

47

N

7

}

:

:

00

3

}

13

:

2!

258

:

No. 3.

Q

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

2.

3

5

No. 4.

:

:

...

:

4

เค

No. 5.

:

:

:.

2

7

- M 79 -

RETURN shewing NUMBER and CAUSES of DEATHS Registered during the 】

VICTORIA.

HEALTH DISTRICT.

No. 6.

:

:

:

:

:

No. 7.

No. 8.

:.

:

No. 9.

:

:

CHINESE COMMUNITY.

:

:

No. 10.

:

:

N

Unknown.

:

:

11

12

2

28

12

2

1

3

2

1

:

:

2

10

5

3

6

17

12

:

9

6

3

8

19

*

65

32

19

25

20

64

19

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:.

6

46

:

:

:

Peak.

:

28

:

:

:

DISTRICT.

KOWLOON SHAUKIWAN ABERDEEN DISTRICT.

ST

DISTRICT.

Di:

Harbour.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Land

Population.

21

:

10 188

:

:

:

:

:

:

8

30

:

:

:

:

:

16

28

6

48

31

3

:

60

2

16

:

:

00

:

:

5

.116

11

:

F

14

70

32 281

:

:

:

~

:

:

:

N

a

:

:

2

:

:

:

3

:

:

:

:

:

Co

x

:

:

:

:.

:

:

1

:

:

F:

B

28

17

12

:

B

:.

18

19

64

7

61

46

24

:.

:

No. 9.

6

2

:

...

12

:

:

:

6

:

:.

M 79

· NUMBER and CAUSES of DEATHS Registered during the Year ending the 31st day of December, 192

CHINESE COMMUNITY.

T

11

12

:

:

:

:

:

4

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

No. 10.

:

Unknown.

Peak.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

5

:

:

:

:

:

00

1 month

KOWLOON SHAUKIWAN ABERDEEN

STANLEY

Under 1

and

DISTRICT.

DISTRICT.

DISTRICT.

DISTRICT.

month.

hit

1 year

and

under 12 months.

under 5

years.

:

:

3

21

3

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Harbour.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Non-Chinese.

:

:

:

10 188

16

60

16

.116

11

1

:

70

2

1

281

8

8

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

A

:

6

48

CO

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

: :

:

:

31

F:

:

:

3

:

:

:

:

:..

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

;

10

2

:

:

:

Chinese.

:

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

:

:.

3

48

:

24

93

18

47

:

13

3

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese,

1 year and under 5

years.

5 years and under 15

years.

15 years.

and under 25

25 years

45 years

and under 45

and

60 years

under 60

and over.

Age Un- known.

GRAND

TOTAL.

years.

years.

years.

day of December, 1922.

TOTAL AT THE DIFFERENT AGE PERIODS.

1 month and under 12

mouths.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

NON-Chinese.

:

:

:

:

:

1

3

15

1

13

.1

27

1

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

11

73

3

:

1

454

189

36

1

6

32

:.

:

:

:

:

:.

.:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:.

:

15

1

3

1

17

3

48.

77

I

83

1 144

I

64

:

24

4

93

35

18

:

18

:.

:

:

:

:

1

3

Co

1

1

13

15

:

:

2

1

3

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

F:.

:

:

1

:

:

:

:

:

:

2

5

:

:

1

1

2

41

3

95

1

:

:..

:

47

:

:

:

::

:.

:

:

:

:

...

46

3

30

:

:

:

:

238

3

:

...

:

:

:

:

:

:

85

3

141

48

:

:

:.

:

:

19

236

1

9

1 260

78

1 325

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

...

:

245

1,071

2

20

25

:

:

:

8.

:

:

:

:

:

6

:

:

6

:

18

:.

1

I

2

28

3

1

2

: :

: F

F: :

9

2

47

3

1

: :

3. (a) Relapsing Fever

(6) Malta Fever

4. Malaria ................

5. Small-pox (a) Vaccinated

6. Measles...

(b) Not vaccinated...

(e) Doubtful

7. Dengue Fever

(b) Membranous laryngitis...

8. Whooping Cough

9. (a) Diphtheria..

(c) Croup....

10. Influenza

11. Fever, (undefined)

12. Asiatic Cholera

13. Cholera Nostras

14. Dysentery....

3

:

2

2

1

1

:

...

:

:

13

13

2

:

:

5

5

3

17

:

:

:..

: :

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

10

22

3.

9

7

9

GO

3

19

142

258

5

65

32

19

25

20

64

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

: :

:

1

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

T:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:.

: :

: :

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

: :

:

:

:.

:

рей

:

:

:

:

: :

:

:

:

: :

:

1

.:. F:.

:

:

:

: : : :

:

:

:

: : :

:

:

:

: :

:

:

: :

:

: :

:

:

:

: :

:

:

:

:

:..

:.

:

:..

:

:

: : :

:

: :

:

:

:

:

:

:

: :

:..

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

: :

: :

:

: :

:

:

:

3

2

:

12

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1

:.

C

5

5

15. Plague

7

16. Yellow Fever

17. Leprosy

:. :.

:

7

འད

?

:

:

1

2

35

:

:

!

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:..

:

:

:.

: :

:

:

:

÷ :

:

:

:

:

:

::.

:

:

...

18. Erysipelas

19. Other Epidemic diseases....

(b) German measles

(a) Mumps

(c) Varicella

(d) Chicken-pox.......

20. (a) Pyaemia

(6) Septicaemia

(c) Vaccinia

21. Glanders

22. Anthrax

23. Rabies-Hydrophobia

24. Tetanus

25. (a) Actinomycosis

(b) Other mycoses

26. Pellagra

27. Béri Beri

10

:. :

Carried forward,.

:

66

3

50

:

1

:

:.

:

3

:

:

..

:

:..

46

86

10

27

31

23

27

21

102

:

:

:

: :

2

332

481

23

128

90

74

69

71

299

:

ลง

~

:

:

:

SI

:

:

12

:

2

28

12

I

3

:

:

~

:..

:

10

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

188

16

28

48

31

:

:

17

12

:

:

:

:

:

8

30

60

16

:

:

6

}

:

:

:

:

:

00

+༥

:

:

Co

:

10

5

.116

11

8

19

7

46

20

64

61

24

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

F

2

:

:

:

:

:

:

N

T:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

14

70

2

32

281

8

18

:

:

35

:

:

:

:

:

:

N

تب

2

:

:

:

E

:

DY

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:. : :

:

:

E

:.

:

37

:

:

:

:

21

102

36

71

299

:

:

:

:

94

FFI

:

:

:

:

:

:

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:

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:

:

:

24

:

:

:

2

: :

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

: :.

F:

: :

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

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:

13

:

:

:

198

:

:

:

:

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:

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:

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D.

:

:

:

:

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:

:

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:

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:

165

19

III

:

52

20

973

63

116

:

1223

16

:

12

77

:

:

:

:

43

:.

:

:

:

:

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:

:

6

27

66

:

:

:

:

: :

:

:

:

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3

2

42

:

76

6

135

6

1

:

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:

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:

:

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76

:

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:

:

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: :

:

2

:

:

:

::

CO

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:

:

:

:

:

: :

:

:

2

:

:

:

:

: : : : :

: :

:

:

42

:

2

:

26

: :

:

:

:

:

N

: :

:

:

: :

:

D.

:

17

:

:

:

F :.

27

19

B

:

:

: :

19

:

:

:

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:

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10

5

47

:

:

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:

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135

6

273

6

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18

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452

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19

236

:

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:

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:

00

2

167

:

15

35

:

=1

:

N

:

:

:

:.

1

9

260

:

:

:

: :

:

:

:

3

:

:

:

:

13

:

:

: :

18

83

:

:

41

3

395

:

:

2

25

:

:

: :

:

:

:

95

:

144

15

:

:

:

:

:

78

85

85

325

141

:

:

N

:.

:

:

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:

تي

:

:

:

10

:

:

:

:

:

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:

64

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

46

3

30

:

:

:

30

:

:

:

:

::.

:

:

:

3

نت

41

:

48

...

:

:

...

:

:

组会

:

609

12 1,113

+

500-

174

1

:

...

:

:

:

: :

:

:

...

:

:

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}

CAUSES.

BRITISH

AND

FOREIGN

COMMUNITY.

Civil.

Women & Children,

camp followers.

Army.

Navy.

Troops.

Brought forward.

50

28. (a) Pulmonary tuberculosis

12

(7) Phthisis

11

:

:

:

I

:

2

No. 2.

!

No. 3.

No. 4.

!

+

RETURN shewing Ni

No. 5.

VICTORIA.

HEALTH DISTRICT.

No. 6.

No. 7.

No. 8.

C'1

No. 9.

332 481

23

128

901

74

69

299

48

23

2

10

121

6

30

39

44

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31

34

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29. (a) Acute Phthisis

(b) Acute Miliary Tuberculosis

30. Tuberculous meningitis

31. (a) Abdominal Tuberculosis

(b) Other abdominal tubercle...

32. Tuberculosis of the Spine

33. Tuberculosis of Joints...............

34. (a) Lupus.........

(b) Scrofula

(c) Tuberculosis of other organs

35. Disseminated Tuberculosis

36. (a) Rickets

(b) Osteomalacia

37. Syphilis

38. (a) Soft Chanere.........

(b) Gonococcus infection

(e) Purulent Ophthalmia

39. Cancer and other malignant tumours of the buccal cavity...

40). C'aneer and other malignant

tumours of the stomach liver

}

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1

3

BRITISH

AND

FOREIGN COMMUNITY.

CAUSES.

Civil.

No. 1.

N

:

nato

& Children.

camp followers.

Army.

Navy.

Troops.

Brought forward.

50

12

1

11

Pulmonary tuberculosis

Phthisis.

Acute Phthisis

Acute Miliary Tuberculosis

erculous meningitis

Abdominal Tuberculosis

Other abdominal tubercle...

erculosis of the Spine

:

erculosis of Joints..

Lupus...........

1

No. 2.

!

T:

No. 3.

RETURN shewing NUMBER and CAU

CHINESE COMMUNIT

No. 4.

VICTORIA.

HEALTH DISTRICT.

No. 5.

No. 6.

No. 7.

No. 8.

No. 9.

No. 10.

Unknown,

:

Peak.

2

332 481

23

128

901

74

69

71 299

144

198

48

23

2

10

121

6

39

6

6

44

88

49

40

31

41

34

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58

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:

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11

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Scrofula

Tuberculosis of other organs

seminated Tuberculosis....

Rickets

Osteomalacia

hilis

Soft Chanere..............

Gonococcus infection

Purulent Ophthalmia

cer and other malignant -ours of the buccal cavity ...

iver and other malignant

ours of the stomach liver

:

3

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6

No. 9.

No. 10.

Unknown.

M 80

ing NUMBER and CAUSES of DEATHS Registered during the Year ending

CHINESE COMMUNITY.

the 31st day of December,

Peak.

:

KOWLOON

SHAUKIWAN

ABERDEEN

STANLEY

Under I

1

DISTRICT.

DISTRICT.

DISTRICT.

DISTRICT.

mouth.

under 12 and I mouth

1 year

and

under 5

Harbour.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Non-Chinese.

111

18

973

63

116

32

77

43

K

4

00

:

41

37

27

10

50

40

2

:

:

11

2

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:

:

:

:

:

: : :

: :

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

: :

: :

:

:

:

:

:

:

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31

2

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17

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:

2

16:

:

:

53

22

:

:

:

:

135

14

24

25

26

ཀ།

:

66

30

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

6

i.

278

3:

Chinese.

months.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

years.

T

ay of December, 1922.

month

and uder 12

onths.

5 years and under 15

years.

15 years and under 25

25

years and under 45

45 years

and

60 years

under 60

and over.

Age Un- known.

GRAND

ΤΟΤΑΙ.

years.

years.

years.

TOTAL AT THE DIFFERENT AGE PERIODS.

1 year and under 5

years.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

6 135

6

14

24

1

•Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

273

:

:

33

75

Non-Chinese,

Chinese.

:

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

452

ཀཾ 1

609

12 1,113

24

30

9

82

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22

71

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30

26

66

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:

:

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:

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:

:

:

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1

2

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:

:

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73

1

:

T 163

10

:

86

:

:

:

:

:

17

:

:

1

:

:

:

:

Chinese.

:

:

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

:

500

71,

1,7 #

47

277

1

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3,387

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395

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17

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221

:

29. (a) Acute Phthisis

(b) Acute Miliary Tuberculosis

:

:

:

:

30. Tuberculous meningitis

4

31. (a) Abdominal Tuberculosis

(b) Other abdominal tubercle...

:

6

1

14

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6

تت

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70

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32. Tuberculosis of the Spine

33. Tuberculosis of Joints.

34. (a) Lupus...........

(b) Scrofula

(c) Tuberculosis of other organs

35. Disseminated Tuberculosis.

36. (a) Rickets

(b) Osteomalacia

37. Syphilis

38. (a) Soft Chanere.......

:

:

:

:

:

1

1

:

:

1

:

:

:

:

:

1-

:

:

3

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(b) Gonococcus infection

(e) Purulent Ophthalmia

39. Cancer and other malignant

tumours of the buccal cavity

40. Cancer and other malignant

tumours of the stomach liver

41. Cancer and other malignant tumours of the peritoneum intestines, rectum..

42. Cancer and other malignant tum-

ours of the femaƒe genital organs

43. Cancer and other malignant

tumours of the breast

44. Cancer and other malignant

tumours of the skin

45. Cancer and other malignant tumours of other organs and of organs not specified

46. (a) Angioma

(4) Adenoma

(e) Other tumours

47. Rheumatic Fever....

48. (a) Chronic Rhematism

(b) Osteo-arthritis

49. Scurvy

50. Diabetes

51. Exophthalmic goitre

Carried forward.

i

21

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CAUSES.

BRITISH

AND FOREIGN

COMMUNITY.

Civil.

No. 1.

No. 2.

RETURN shewing N

No. 3.

N

:

:..

ลง

Troops.

Women & Children.

diva

followers.

Army.

Navy.

8

98

:

:

:

:

10

5

1

:

CI

VICTORIA.

HEALTH DISTRICT.

No. 4.

No. 5.

No. 6..

No. 7.

No. 8.

No. 9.

:

:

628

643

31

207

159

125

137

121

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Brought forward.

52. Addison's disease.....

53. (a) Leucocythaemia

(b) Lymphadenoma...

54. Anæmia-chlorosis

55. (a) Acute Febriculitis...

(b) Purpura

(c) Homophilia

(d) General Lipomatosis.............

56. Alcoholism

57. (a) Occupational lead poisoning

(b)

Non-occupational

poisoning

lead

58. Other chronic poisoning (occu-

pational)

59. Other chronic poisoning (not-

occupational)

60. Encephalitis....

61. (a) Cerebro-spinal Fever

(b) Simple Meningitis

(c) Meningitis (nature unspe-

cified)

62. Locomotor Ataxy.

63. Other diseases of spinal cord...

(a) Poliomyelitis.

(b)......

༢༠

3

:

:

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:

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SES.

BRITISH

AND

COMMUNITY.

FOREIGN

Civil.

Navy.

No. 1.

Troops.

Women & Children.

Army.

t forward..

ase..............

aemia

noma.

98

osis

riculitis.....

camp followers.

O

No. 2.

:

RETURN shewing

shewing NUMBER and CAUSES

No. 3.

No. 4.

VICTORIA.

CHINESE COMMUNITY.

HEALTH District.

No. 5.

628

643

31

:

:. :. :

: :

10

5

}

No. 6..

3

No. 7.

No. 8.

No. 9.

No. 10.

Unknown.

207

:

159

125

137

121

823

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pomatosis....

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al lead poisoning upational

lead

Joisoning (occu-

poisoning (not-

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ningitis

(nature unspe-

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is

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222

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823

222

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No. 9.

}

No. 10.

M SI-

/ NUMBER and CAUSES of DEATHS Registered during the Year ending the 31st day of December, 19%

CHINESE COMMUNITY.

Ί

Unknown,

Peak,

279

191 |1,593

: : :

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KOWLOON

SHAUKIWAN

ABERDEEN

STANLEY

Under 1

and 1 month

1 year

and

DISTRICT.

DISTRICT.

DISTRICT.

DISTRICT.

mouth.

under 12

under 5

months.

years.

Harbour.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Land

Population.

Boat

Population.

Non-Chinese.

122

162

:

: :

:

:

:

: : :

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

43

129

64

:

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: :

:

83

: :

: :

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:

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:

:

:

:

:

:

:

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:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

F

:

14

20

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Chinese.

113

416

:

:

:

:

:

:

Non-Chinese.

10

:

Chinese.

686

Non-Chinese,

Chinese.

:

:

:

:

14

:

:

: :

:

20

:

:

:

:

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:

:

:

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:

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10

6

:

:

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:

:.

- T

:

N

N

:

:

:

:

:

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N

:

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416

10

:

:

:

D.

:

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:

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:

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10

:

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

686

8

639

20

824

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51

38

2

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Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

day of December, 1922.

Non-Chinese.

TOTAL AT

the DifferENT AGE PERIODS.

months.

under 12 and

I month

years. under 5 and

1 year

years, under 15 5 years and

under 25 and 15 years

under 45 and 25 years

45 years

and

60 years

Age Un-

GRAND

under 60

and over.

known.

TOTAL.

years.

years.

years.

36 1,823

:

Chinese.

30

8

907

13

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

I

Non-Chinese.

Chinese,

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

294

5,815

14

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

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5

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(b) Lymphadenoma

54. Anæmia-chlorosis

55. (a) Acute Febriculitis...

(6) Purpura

(e) Homophilia

(d) General Lipomatosis...

56, Alcoholism

57. (a) Occupational lead poisoning

(b)

Non-occupational

poisoning

lead

58. Other chronic poisoning (ocen-

pational)

59. Other chronic poisoning (uot-

occupational)

60. Encephalitis......

61. (a) Cerebro-spinal Fever

(b) Simple Meningitis

(c) Meningitis (nature unspe-

cified)

62. Locomotor Ataxy

63. Other diseases of spinal cord .......

(a) Poliomyelitis.

(b)........

64. (a) Apoplexy

(b) Serous apoplexy (oedema of.

brain)

(c) Cerebral Congestion......

(d) Cerebral Atheroma (inclu- ding atheroma with cerebral hæmorrhage)

(e) Cerebral Hæmorrhage

65. Softening of the Brain

66. (a) Hemiplegia

(6) Paraplegia

(e) Other forms of paralysis

67. General Paralysis of the Insane

68. Other forms of Mental Aliena-

tion

69. Epilepsy

70. (a) Epileptiform Convulsions.......

(b) Convulsions over 5 years.....

71. Convulsions in children under

3 years..

:

I

00

3

:

:

10

5

3

Carried forward..

19

:

:

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2

10

:

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92

1

:

761 660

:

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322

32

1

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222

176

135 144 132

850

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12

36

41

126

13

470

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9

669

21

841

43

1,858

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CAUSES.

BRITISH

AND

FOREIGN COMMUNITY.

Civil,

Troops.

Women & Children.

Army.

Brought forward.

119

72. Chorea

73. (a) Hysteria Neuralgià Sciatica

(b) Neuritis

74. (a) Idiocy, Imbecility.

(7) Cretinisin

(c) Cerebral tumour.

*

2

Navy.

No. 1.

camp followers.

No. 2.

No. 3.

No.

1.

761

660

32

:

:

1

2

:

:

:

I T

1

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

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:

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:

:

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:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

.:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

.:.

:

:

:

:

(d) Cerebral abscess

75. Diseases of the Eyes and their

annexa

76. (a) Mastoid disease..

(b) Other Ear diseases.

77. Pericarditis

78. (a) Myocarditis

(b) Infective endocarditis

(c) Endocarditis acute

:

1

and

2

unqualified (under 60 years)

79. (a) Fatty degeneration of heart

(b) Other organic disease of

heart

80. Angina pectoris

81. (a) Aneurysm

(b) Arteriosclerosis

(c) Other diseases of Arteries...

82. (a) Cerebral

Embolism and

Thrombosis................

N

:

1

2

:

N

]

:

:

RETURN shewi

No. 5.

VICTORIA.

HEALTH DISTRICT.

No. 6.

No. 7.

No. S.

222 176 135

144 132

:

1

:

:

:

:.

:

:

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:

:

:

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:

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2

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:

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.

:

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M (1) 1

1

MEDICAL REPORT

FOR THE YEAR

1922

M (1) 3

CONTENTS.

Page.

VII.-The Tung Wah Hospital,

I.--Administrative :-

(a.) Staff,

Changes in,

(b.) Financial,

II. Vital Statistics,...

III.-Meteorology,......

IV. General Remarks,

V.-Hospitals, Asylums, etc...... VI.-Kowloon and New Territories,

VIII. The Bacteriological Institute,

5

6

6

6

7

7

16

25

28

29

IX.-The Public Mortuaries,

30

X.-The Chinese Midwives,

31

The Chemical Laboratory,

33, 48

The Office of the Health Officer of the Port.

33, 54

The University Clinics,

Medical Inspection of School children, ....

18

32

Books and Journals added to the Libraries,

Recommendations made,

Buildings

RETURNS, STATISTICS ETC :-

39

38

38

Statistics of Diseases and deaths (In-patients), Statistics of Diseases, Kowloon Dispensary, Statistics--Venereal Diseases,

61

78

37

Statistics of post-mortem examinations (Victoria)

80

Do.,

do.

(Kowloon)

$5

Statistics from the Bacteriological Institute,...... Statistics from the Chemical Laboratory,......

43

48

Statistics from the Health Office of the Port,

56

!

- M (1) 5 —

ANNUAL MEDICAL REPORT FOR THE YEAR ENDING

31st DECEMBER, 1922.

I. ADMINISTRATIVE.

(a.) Staff:-

Principal Civil Medical Officer,

Medical Officers, Bacteriologist,

Health Officers of the Port and

Inspectors of Emigrants,...

Medical Officer, New Territories, Resident Surgeon, Tung Wah

Hospital,

Analyst,

Assistant Analysts,

Assistant Analyst (Temporary),

Nursing Staff :-

Matron,....

Nursing Sisters,

Nurses,

1

1

16

3

Probationer Nurses (Chinese), | 11 Probationer Dressers (Chinese), Head Attendant, (Asylum), Wardmasters, Chinese,(Asylum), Female Attendant, (Asylum), Midwives, (Chinese),

Dispensers ---

Apothecary and Medical

Storekeeper,

Fifth Grade Apothecary's

Assistant,

Sixth Grade Apothecary's

Assistant,

Interpreter and Dispenser,

Clerical Staff :

Accountant,

Third Grade Clerk,

7

1

1

سمسم

1

Fourth Grade Clerks,

Fifth Grade Clerks,......

Sixth Grade Clerk,

1

Other Officers:

Steward,

Sampler (Temporary),.........

Third Grade Laboratory

1

Assistant,

1

Fifth Grade

Laboratory

Assistant,

1

Linen Maid,

Wardboys, Amahs, Cooks and Others, 162

1

M (1) 6-

CHANGES IN THE STAFF.

Dr. C. W. McKenny became medical officer in charge of the Civil Hospital from February 15th rice Dr. W. B. A. Moore who went on leave.

Dr. Esler replaced Dr. Valentine as medical officer in charge of Victoria Gaol on March 1st.

Professor C. Y. Wang continued to act as Bacteriologist during the year.

Miss Sloan, Matron of the Civil Hospital, went on leave on March 15th and Nursing Sister Girling became acting matron.

Mr. Ng Yuk, 2nd grade clerk, retired on June 30th and Mr. To King-ki 3rd grade clerk, was appointed in his place.

Mr. J. Murray, Head Attendant at the County of London Mental Hospital, was appointed Head Attendant of the Lunatic Asylum.

Nursing Sister M. Kelly arrived and assumed duty on Novem- ber 30th.

Dr. Moore returned from leave on November 3rd and was posted as medical officer to Kowloon and the New Territories. Dr. Smalley was transferred from Kowloon for duty in Victoria.

Nursing Sister Barlow returned from leave on December 8th. and was posted to the Victoria Hospital.

E. P. Minett, M.D., was appointed to the post of bacteriologist on 13th December.

(b.) FINANCIAL.

The amount sanctioned in the Estimates was $411,874 and the expenditure was $371,781.92.

Revenue received:

For Medical Treatment.

Medical Certificates,

21

Bacteriological Examinations,

Chemical Analyses,

"1

Bills of Health,

$48,636.35

75.00

2,274.35

21,548.00

14,004.00

Medical Examination of Emigrants,... 77,474.00

II. VITAL STATISTICS.

The population of the Colony is estimated to be :---

British and foreign civilians...

Chinese civilians

Total number of Chinese born

Total number of non-Chinese born

...

15,200

647,000

3,522

382

The birth rate of the non-Chinese and civil population is said to be 6*69, and that of the Chinese 6:25 per 1,000. From the nature of the case it is practically impossible to arrive at a correct estimate of the Chinese birth rate.

M (1) 7

The total number of deaths was 14,569 and the general death rate was 25 16 per 1,000. Of this total there were 14,241 Chinese and 328 non-Chinese civilians and the death rate was respectively 25'47 and 20:46 per 1,000.

Infantile mortality.-Among infants of one month or less, 15 non-Chinese and 1,067 Chinese, died Of those infants who were more than a month old but less than a year, 36 non-Chinese and 3,149 Chinese died. The total number of children who died at the age of a year or less was therefore 51 non-Chinese and 4,216 Chinese. These figures are derived from reliable statistics because the registration of deaths is compulsory, but as births are not registered in every case the Chinese birth rate given above is not accurate. (These statistics are derived from the Medical Officer of of Health's office).

Barometer

at M.S.L.

III. METEOROLOGICAL RETURNS, 1922.

TEMPERA-

TURE.

HUMI- DITY.

Cloudiness.

Sunshine.

WIND.

Mouth.

Rain.

Max. Mean. Min.

Rel.

Abs.

Direction. Vel.

ins.

p.c.ins.

p. c.

hours. ins.

points. miles p.h.

January, February,

March,

April,

May,

30.14 64.5 60.5 57.6 30.04 65.0 61.3 | 58.1 30.04 | 68.5 64.1 : 61.1 29.96 | 75.7 71.0 67.6 - 29.83 83.3 78.6 75.4

81 0.43

94.7 2.860

13.4

83 0.46!

79.3| 5.490

E

15.4

81 [0.49

96.7 3.675

E

14.6

81

0.62 76

153.1 2.020

E by S

12.0

85

0.83 79

175.8 5.495

ESE

12.4

June,..

29.74 | 86.5 81.9

78.8

81

0.89 79

183.4 6.525

by E

10.4

July,

29 72 87.3 | 82.5

78.6

81 0.90

58

246.6 12.800

ESE

11.6

August,

29.65 | 87.3 | 82,4 September,... 29.78 85.7 80.4 76,5 October, 50.00 80.5 75.5 72.1 November, 30.13 74.1 68.4 63.4 December, 30.18 | 66.8 61.7 / 57.4

78.8

82 0.91

78

180.0 17.535

SSW

7.7

78 0.82

60

205.39.935 NE by E,

10.1

74

0.66

56

223.2 2.025

E by N

12.2

59 0.43

50

197.8 | 0.535

ENE

9.3

64 0.36

62

159.4 0.740

ENE

10.0

Meau or

Total,...

29.93 77.1 72.3 68.8 77.5|0.65

71 (166,35 69.435

E

11.6

IV. GENERAL REMARKS.

On Beri-beri.-In the Tung Wah Hospital, which receives the greatest number of cases of beri-beri, the number of such patients was 309 in 1912, 826 in 1917, and 846 in 1922. Making allowances for the increase of the population and possibly for a greater readiness to resort to hospital, there does not appear to have been any considerable increase during the period in the number of patients affected. The visiting medical officer to the Tung Wah Hospital considers that the poorest menibers of the Chinese com- munity are the persons who suffer most frequently and that in this colony, at any rate, beri-beri is practically confined to the Chinese. The beri-beri patients equalled 12 per cent. of all of the patients admitted to the Tung Wah Hospital this year.

M (1) 8

The disease is comparatively easy to diagnose as other forms of peripheral neuritis are not common here, but it is probable that many cases vaguely named "rheumatism," and paralyses of different kinds, are instances of beri-beri, so also are many of the cases which are said to be locomotor ataxia. For some reason the

wet" variety is uncommon.

From time to time circulars have been issued by the Sanitary department to all large employers of coolie labour in which the danger of using polished rice as a food is explained and the appropriate advice given as to the proper selection of their food. It is so difficult to alter the customs of the ages that it is not easy for any one to buy unpolished rice in the open market; it has to be sought for specially. "A few years ago we got out a new preparation derived from yeast, known as marmite", which is supposed to contain one of the vitamines and to be useful in the treatment of beri-beri. Dr. McKenny reports that "it is liked by the majority of patients and is rapidly effective " in removing sensory symptoms". He thinks it is useful also for improving the condition of the muscles in the earlier stages of the disease.

one

Plague. From 1915-1921 inclusively the number of cases of plague in each of these years may be considered a moderate one for an area in which it exists in an endemic form. But the disease was more prevalent this year, and 1,181 cases were certified. Plague is to be regarded as a disease of rats primarily and as of nature's methods for restricting their indefinite multiplication. The three species of the rat family which are found in the colony are Rattus norvegicus, Rattus rattus and Mus musculus, and the comparative percentages of these are 41, 32 and 27 but the com- parative figures for the R. norvegicus and R. rattus are 557 and 443, respectively, in Kowloon, and 60 and 40 in Victoria. In the last nine years the brown rat was found to be infected with the plague organism for just about twice the number of months that the black rat was found infected; and on the average, the brown rat has been recorded as infected for seven months of this period. Of the entire number of rats which were reported as infectedl during this period, 15 per cent, were black rats and 85 were brown rats. The fleas known to be present are the Xenopsylla cheopis and the Ctenocephalus felis and canis but a systematic search has not been made so far.

Preventive measures.—To prevent rats from gaining access to dwellings the Sanitary Department requires the ground surfaces of all dwellings to be covered by concrete, and every drain or opening for ventilation is protected by iron gratings. Ceilings and hollow walls are not allowed in new buildings, and in some instances in which they existed they were removed by order; in the native parts of the town all dead rats are collected and examined to ascertain whether they are infected or not. There are hundreds of bins containing a disinfectant, which are dis- tributed throughout the city and suburbs for containing every rat either found dead or trapped. The information required as to the particular house or tenement from which the rats have been collected is obtained and a special inspection of the premises is

M (1) 9

made when evidence of infection is found in the specimen. The next step taken is to fill up the rat holes with broken glass and cement, whatever may be found amiss with the drains and gratings is remedied, rat poison is provided for the occupiers to use; in the event of several infected rats being found in one locality a special survey is made from house to house and special attention is given to the cleaning up of the district; poison, traps, and birdlime are resorted to, the value of cats as destroyers of rats inculcated, and there is no dearth of dogs of every variety. Direct action is taken against fleas by the use of a kerosine emulsion for cleansing all native dwellings once every three months; the streets and lanes are cleaned up and all refuse removed from the houses daily; each house is provided with a covered metal dust bin to contain the rubbish and to prevent rats from feeding on it; any house or building in which infection has been found to exist is thoroughly washed with kerosine emulsion and all articles of clothing &c., are disinfected by steam.

Rats probably enter the colony by means of the shipping, especially in junks. At present it seems that to disinfect all junks periodically and kill the rats and fleas would require a large organisation for the purpose as some four or five thousand junks would have to be dealt with.

A point of interest in the diagnosis of the disease has been noted by Dr. C. W. McKenny who states that he has seen about twelve cases which were proved to be infected with plague in which there was a small area of skin, dark in colour and necrosed, situated generally on the buttocks or the back, although not necessarily restricted to these parts. The material obtained from such areas by means of an incision was found to contain the organisms of plague in large numbers. This necrosed patch may be the only sign of plague but buboes may be present as well. The condition is said to be a rare one and all of the patients who were affected in this manner, died.

Dysentery. For the most part cases of this disease belong to the amoebic variety; practically in every case in which the clinical signs of dysentery occur the entamoeba histolytica is found, and treatment by ipecacuanha or emetin is generally successful. Although dysentery is not as common in this colony as it is in parts of India and Africa it is still a disease which is often encountered. Amongst Europeans it is more common in children than in adults, and all of the cases which I have seen in children have been due to the amoeba and all were cured by emetin. Emetin seems to be more efficient even in the treatment of amoebic dysentery in children than it is in adults. As compared with this variety of dysentery the number of cases in which the bacillary form was the cause has been small, but this refers more particularly to the European population.

The number of patients treated for dysentery in the Tung Wal Hospital during the last five years (1918-1922 inclusively) was 1,376: and the number treated in two of the government hospitals during the same period was 301. The percentage of patients who

M (1) 10

suffered from dysentery during these five years is 37 in the Tung Wah, and the corresponding percentage in the government hospitals is 13; in the former case only Chinese are patients, and in the second case patients are derived from all nationalities. For the same period only 33 cases of abscess of the liver have been found recorded as occur- ing in three hospitals and the public mortuaries from which these statistics are derived. The total number of cases of abscess of the liver probably includes abscesses due to other causes than the amoeba of dysentery, but even if this be not taken into account, tropical abscess of the liver seems to be less frequent here than in other places in which amoebic dysentery is common, e.g. in parts of India. The presence of the amoeba histolytica does not seem to be the only factor in determining that dysentery or abscess of the liver shall follow, for it is considered as proven that the parasite exists in a proportion of people who have never been outside of the United Kingdom, and it is very seldom that either of these diseases are found in such persons.

Ankylostomiasis. The results obtained by different observers vary greatly almost certainly because of the different methods employed. For example, in 1913 the stools of 1,045 persons were examined in the Civil Hospital to ascertain the frequency with which various parasites occur and ankylostoma eggs were found in 1 per cent of the cases. Again in 1917 the stools of 500 prisoners

1 were examined and the eggs were found in 22 per cent. The explanation of this inequality probably is that in the first series xamined the sedimentation of the ova was not provided for. Very few cases of patients suffering from ankylostomiasis are returned from the various hospitals, the anemic, dropsical patient is not as frequently seem as in other countries in which the disease abounds. But it is likely that some of the cases returned as being due to 'anaemia' or 'debility' are really cases of this infection. The number of emigrants examined by the health officers of the port during the last ten years was well over a million, and of these 13,471 were rejected for various reasons as physically unfit, but only 638 were rejected on account of anaemia. The figures are not exact as the examination could not be very thorough, but it is of some value as an indication of the frequency of infection with the hookworm. It is thought that 15% of the population of South China is infected with hookworms of one or other species, the ankylostoma duodenale being the commoner of the two kinds. The oil of chenopodium has been found effective in treatment, but the treatment of the infected in an area in which the disease is endemic is not a hopeful measure. The work of the Rockefeller investigators has proved that the worm lives not only in the surface of the soil but that it travels downwards to various levels thus rendering the treatment of the surface of the soil ineffective. The same enquirers have shown that the ordinary domestic animals, such fowls and pigs, are capable of effecting the distribution of the immature forms of this parasite, and they have described a new species of ankylostome which is peculiar to the pig. The population in South China is not infected to the extent that obtains in the population of other places in the East. Possibly the custom of keeping the infected material in water tight tanks is responsible

as

M (1)

for killing many of the larvae which would otherwise survive and pollute the soil to a greater degree than is the case.

On the transmission of leprosy.—I have been asked to give my opinion as to the usual mode of transmission of leprosy in this region. In doing so it will hardly be necessary to reiterate the evidence on which it is based as this would require much space and it is available for those who may wish to study the evidence in detail for themselves. The hypothesis which seems to me to explain the geographical distribution as well as the means by which the disease is contracted is the one which supposes the infection to be conveyed by some article of food, and the particular food which is in universal demand wherever leprosy is found, is imperfectly cured or salted fish. At all times and in almost every country where leprosy occurs popular belief has associated in with the use of fish. Against this view it has been asserted that there are many races and people among whom leprosy prevails who do not eat fish because of religious scruples, or, because they live in the interior of the country and are unable to get it. This has been abundantly refuted whenever the question has been thoroughly investigated. It has been asserted of India, Ceylon, Persia, Africa, but it appears to have been a statement based on preconceived opinion.

There are few lepers to be seen in this colony because the Chinese have a dread of the disease and segregate such patients in leper villages. They believe it to be a contagious disease. As to whether leprosy is contagious the following observations seem to furnish circumstantial evidence that it is not contagious in the ordinary sense, although, it is admitted that the disease can be conveyed by means of any food which has been contaminated by the organisms.

Against the view that leprosy is a contagious disease the following arguments have been advanced by authorities on the subject and they seem to be well founded and in accordance with experience :-

1. Under the ordinary conditions of social life leprosy is not communicable by touch of the leper's skin or by breathing the leper's breath.

2. Experiments to inoculate leprosy have been made often, and, with one single and very doubtful case, they have always failed,

3. The nurses, attendants, medical men, &c., working in leper homes never take the disease in spite of prolong- ed and close exposure to risk.

4. In thousands of instances husbands and wives have continued to live together for years, the one a leper, the other in sound health. All observers of experience say that it is very exceptional to find both husband and wife affected together.

M (1) 12

5. Lepers have been freely introduced into countries free from the disease e.g. London, Paris, the United States of America, and whereas for the most part no precau- tions have been observed, in no instance has the disease spread to others.

C. To this may be added the important consideration that were the disease communicable by these means the length of the time during which each leper would be a source of danger being great, the disease would soon affect many of the population.

7. The above views are derived from the late Sir J. Hutchinson's work on the subject, but there are others to be added c.g. the extremely narrow limitation of leprosy in certain centres, often very small, although there is free communication between their inhabitants and the neighbouring population.

8. The disease is often confined in certain places with a mixed population to particular races or nationalities although social intercourse is unrestricted.

According to Hirsch, China from the southern and eastern coast districts as far up as the mouth of the Yangtse-Kiang has been the head quarters of the disease from time immemorial, and the provinces most affected by it are Kwangtung, Fukien and Che- Kiang, and to refer to Hutchinson's views again we find him stating that leprosy has obviously spread along the shores of the Pacific in company with the Chinese immigration: wherever they go the disease appears and the explanation seems to be that wherever they go they carry their habits with them; especially do they establish themselves as cooks everywhere. They are skilful cooks and they can make use of many things which no one else would look at ; decomposing fish and potted fish are among the delicacies in which they deal.

I have seen a fair amount of leprosy in Africa and some in China. In both countries the use of fish cured by salting, smoking, or drying by exposure to the sun is an established practice and the evidence for the fish hypothesis which has merely been glanced at in this note, seems to amount to a high degree of probability.

The Chinese regard leprosy as a contagious disease and they stand in great dread of it, on the other hand they do not regard small-pox as an infectious or contagious disease and have no fear or dread of it. The Chinese point of view is given in a note by Dr. Thomas of the Tung Wah Hospital, he states "I do not think leprosy has spread very rapidly among the Chinese. The Chinese people have a great dread of leprosy, and they will shun anyone who is reputed to be a leper. In fact, they consider many harmless skin diseases as leprosy, particularly leucoderma. They are firmly of the opinion that leprosy can be transmitted by sexual relations. They have no idea of the comparatively long incubation period of the disease, and I have had very many cases for consultation because ·

M (1) 13

the men believed that they had contracted leprosy from a suspicious woman. In cases of rape, the one thing that the woman or her relatives fear is the contraction of leprosy. I have often made it a point to ask lepers whether any of their relatives are lepers also, and I have not been able to get one answer in the affirmative. I do not know what bearing this has on the possible methods of infection; but this comparative rarity of multiple infections in a family may be due to the fact that the leper when once suspected is cast away. It must be understood that my statements have reference only to the class of people I see daily, viz., the poor and middle classes. I do not know what the rich families do with their leprous members. I have experience with only one rich family. The head of the house was undoubtedly leprous, but he was not shunned. Of course this may have been due to the fact that it was a case of nerve leprosy with no disfiguration; also, being the head and support of the home, such blemish must of necessity be overlooked."

Venereal diseases.--The returns of the number of cases of syphilis and gonorrhoea show a slight increase in the amount of syphilis treated this year, but no great difference from the returns of earlier years as indicated in the statement which is included in this report.

Since the beginning of 1921 a supply of novarseno billon has been kept in stock and it is given to all employees of government whenever it is prescribed for them. In 1921, 182 doses were used and in 1922, 141 were prescribed; already in this year 121 doses have been used. Although a free clinic for the treatment of all who are affected has not been established, yet a considerable amount of free treatment has been provided by govern- ment as set forth in these statistics. I do not know of any reason for believing that there has been any increase in the amount of venereal disease in the colony, but, as I remarked in last year's report, it seems almost certain that there is more attention paid to the diagnosis and treatment of it by both the patient and the medical attendant.

Malaria.-During the rainy season there were times when the rainfall was insufficient to scour out the eggs and larvae of mosquitoes from the pools and other collections of water and to this is to be attributed, in part, at any rate, the prevalence of malaria to a greater degree than is usual. Another effect of alternate periods of rain and drought is that the conditions are not suitable for the natural enemies of the mosquito larvae because the pools do not exist long enough to allow of their being stocked with small fish, Then each batch of newts, and insects which prey on the larvae. immigrants into a malarious region, especially when they come. from districts in which malaria occurs, seems to result in a recrudescence of malaria. When the number of immigrants is large the whole community is liable to feel the effects of it, the prevalence of the disease to be increased, and the infection is less likely to be as confined to children as it is when it exists among a sedentary population which has become immune to a greater or less extent.

The number of cases reported from three of the hospitals which contain the greater portion of cases was 921 and in 1921, 702. The varieties of malaria occur in the proportion of 90-95 per cent

M (1) 14

of the subtertian, and 5-10 per cent. of the benign tertian, slightly different figures being returned by different observers, but quite 95 per cent of the cases are due to the subtertian parasite. The quartan is seldom seen, it is doubtful if it occurs more than once in two hundred cases.

Considering the frequency of fever caused by the subtertian parasite it is natural to meet with some of the complications which are apt to be associated with it, especially in children. This sum- mer and autumn I saw twelve or fifteen children of five and under who were sent to hospital because of convulsions, or coma, or other cerebral conditions and all with the characteristic history of being taken suddenly ill, of a rapidly rising temperature which become normal or nearly so after a limited period, the convulsions or the coma occurring for the most part as the temperature rose. Hyperpyrexia was noted in one of the cases and aphasia in another Several groups of two or even three children belonging to the same family were brought to hospital at the same time not only suffering from malaria but from similar complications of malaria, e.g. coma, convulsions. The diagnosis was made not only by the finding of the malaria parasites in the blood, but by the rapid improvement in the conditions after the intramuscular injections of a solution of the hydrochlorate of quinine. In two instances two children of different families were treated in hospital twice during the year for malaria. A considerable proportion of the children who were affected this year were sent in with the diagnosis of sunstroke. All of these cases recovered.

The liability of children who suffer from malaria, to one or other of the cerebral complications is a definite one, and the import- ance of distinguishing between it and sunstroke is essential for the treatment of a very dangerous condition. Although examples of hyperpyrexia, coma, convulsions, aphasia, and paresis were seen none of the patients suffered from such complications as are descri- bed as syncopal, or haemorrhagic, but the so-called "blackwater fever" has been observed in this colony. It was reported as occur- ring in a child in 1914 and the condition seemed to be in every respect the same one which is often encountered in tropical Africa. Since then several other cases have been reported as having been observed in the other hospitals of the colony. It is known to occur in Indo-China, Malaya, and in Formosa and other places in the far East, but it is not nearly so common in this part of the world as it is in Africa. It is on account of its association with malaria in the opinion of many that reference has been made to it in this place, and not because it has been proved to be a purely malarial com- plication.

The species of mosquitoes which are known to act as carriers of malaria are Anopheles maculatus, Anopheles minimus, Anopheles sinensis and Anopheles tesselatus. Anopheles karwari is suspected to act as a carrier.

Of the other mosquitoes, the stegomyia group is represented by three species: Stegomyia fasciata, Stegomyia scutellaris, and Stegomyia W. alba, the Stegomyia scutellaris being the commonest mosquito in this colony. It breeds in any receptacle containing

M (1) 15

water in the vicinity of houses and it is specially fond of breeding in the bamboos used for scaffolding or hanging clothes to dry on, or even for fences on which to train plants. So far it is not known to convey disease, nor is the Stegomyia w. alba known to be a source of danger, and it is a rare species. The Stegomyia fasciata was not easy to find at first, but a careful search for it resulted in its being found some ninety odd times in the Kowloon districts and thrice in Victoria. The larvae were found in earthernware pots containing water stored for domestic use and in wooden buckets, iron tanks, wooden barrels and generally in receptacles in which water is kept stored because of the intermittent supply to certain of the districts in Kowloon. The habits of this insect appear to be practically the same here as in other parts of the world in which it is found, even the habit of the larvae to go to the bottom of the barrel of water or other receptacle when a search is being made for them was found to hold good in our survey. It is probable therefore, that the number of occasions on which this species was captured was less than it would have been if it had been prac- ticable to search all of the receptacles thoroughly. This species was found on three occasions only in Victoria and then in parts in which there was a continuous supply of water.

The following is a list of the names of mosquitoes and other biting flies which are known here, so far. They were identified at the Imperial Bureau of Entomology, and it is desirable to bring together the work which has been done on this subject.

A List of the mosquitoes which have been found in the Colony of Hongkong:-

Anopheles

51

وو

indiensis, Theo. jeyporiensis, Theo. karwari, James.

maculatus, Theo.

minimus, Theo.

"

rossii, Theo. Var. indefinitus, Ludlow.

29

sinensis, Wied.

tessellatus, Theo.

25

Stegomyia fasciata, F.

fusca.

""

scutellaris, Walk.

w-alba, Theo.

Armigeres obturbans, Walk. Ochlerotatus macfarlanei Edw.

togoi, Theo.

Culiciomyia pallidothorax, Theo. Culex bitaeniorhynchus, Giles.

concolor, R. D. fatigans, Wied.

fuscocephalus, Theo.

mimeticus, Noe.

sinensis, Wied.

23

>>

25

sitiens, Theo.

25

virgatipes, Edw.

tritaeniorhynchus, Giles.

vishnui, Theo.

Ficalbia minima, Theo.

M (1) 16

Lophoceratomyia minutissima, Theo.

rubithoracis, Leic.

Mansonioides uniformis, Theo.

Micraedes malayi, Leic.

Uranotaenia macfarlanei, Edw.

A List of the Tabanida which have been found in the Colony

of Hongkong.

Chrysops dispar, F.

mlokosiewiczi, Big.

Tabanus albimedius, Walk.

97

"

""

"

11

""

crassus, Walk.

ditaeniatus, Mac.

flarothorax, Ric. Var. hilaris, Walk.

hongkongiensis, Ric. Sp. n.

hybridus, Wied.

indianus, Ric.

jucundus, Walk.

macfarlanei, Ric. Sp. n.

mandarinus, Schiner.

negatirus, Ric.

rubidus, Ric.

sanguineus, Walk.

V.--HOSPITALS; INSTITUTES, &c.

The Civil Hospital.--Dr. W. B. A. Moore was the officer in charge until February 9th when he went on leave on account of urgent private affairs, and Dr. C. W. McKenny took charge, Dr. D. J. Valentine becoming the second medical officer of the hospital. The nursing staff consisted of the matron and 13 nursing sisters, 3 nurses, 11 probationer nurses, and 8 Chinese dressers. In addition to this staff there was a resident physician and a resident surgeon attached to the medical and surgical clinics of the University, which are in charge of the Professor of Surgery and the lecturer in medicine.

In-patients.-4,447 patients received treatment in hospital, the daily average being 130. Of these 68 were first class, 290 second class, and 4,089 third class patients. In the previous year the total number of patients treated in hospital was 4,815, and 63, 223 and 4,701, respectively, were first, second and third class patients, the daily average being 152*4.

Out-patients. -25,892 persons attended as out-patients, 885 others were vaccinated, and 18 were given a full course of treatment with anti-rabic vaccine. The prescriptions dispensed numbered 17,636. In 1921 there were 27,322 out-patients.

Nationalities of the in-patients.

European Indian

...

...

...

Chinese and others

...

...

...

...

...

...

603 ... 1,028 ... 2,816

M (1) 17

The sexes were unequally represented, 3,689 being males

and 758 females.

Deaths.-340 patients died; 146 of these died within twenty-four hours after they were admitted. The death rate was 76 per cent.

The death rates according to sex and nationality were :-

Males

Females Europeans

...

Indians

...

...

...

...

6 per cent. 13

...

2.4

9.5

2.5

""

10.6

33

Chinese and others

Operations performed.-820 were performed under general anaesthesia, including those operations for which the Ho Tung Professor of surgery was responsible. The X-ray apparatus worked in a satisfactory manner and 300 examinations were made with it. A list of the more important operations performed includes the following:-

For the removal of benign growths

99

""

25

55

""

""

+9

""

malignant growths cysts

...

tuberculous glands

varicose veins

excision of superior maxilla removal of sequestra of bone

Amputation through the arm

...

...

24

...

8

12

....

40

2

...

...

...

1

19

2

thigh

4

...

"}

""

??

leg...

3

...

...

99

"2

elbow joint

1

knee

1

"1

""

wrist

1

...

""

33

ankle

3

...

14

of toes

6

53

fingers

16

...

...

breast

11

""

Excision of tongue (partial)

Hernia, radical cure of

strangulated

Laparotomy, (exploratory)

""

...

...

for wounds of viscera for septic peritonitis...

Gastro-enterostomy

...

For tropical abscess of liver...

...

...

Colostomy

Cholecystectomy

Hysterectomy

Ovariotomy

For rupture of urethra

...

Excision of spleen

Litholapaxy

Appendicectomy

Haemorrhoids...

Skin grafting...

...

...

...

...

...

...

7

9

...

...

...

...

...

10

4

...

...

***

21

...

...

:

::

11

...

26

M (1) 18

. Trephining the mastoid antrum ...

Caesarian section ...

Trephining for fractures of the skull Tracheotomy

со по расов сп

1

2

3

The Police Force.—The total number of admittances to hospital was 994, including those patients who were admitted more than ouce. This total was composed of 171 Europeans, 556 Indians and 267 Chinese. The police force consisted of 188 Europeans, 431 Indians and 762 Chinese.

The number of admittances in 1921 was 977. The diseases and disorders from which these patients suffered were chiefly those connected with the digestive and respiratory systems, as well as malaria, influenza and injuries, and were of a similar character to the diseases which were generally in evidence. Malaria, however, was more prevalent than usual and this is accounted for because of the deficient rainfall which permitted the breeding places of mosquitoes to remain in a comparatively undisturbed state long enough to be favourable to the multiplication of the insects. The admissions to hospital for malarial fevers were 20 Europeans, 47 Chinese and 186 Indians. The numbers invalided as unfit for further service were one European, ten Indians and three Chinese; and two Europeans, one Indian, and three Chinese died. Among the diseases and injuries which brought about a fatal result was abscess of the brain, inflammation of the spinal cord, gun shot wound of the heart, and chronic disease of the heart.

The University Clinics.-Professor K. H. Digby was in charge of the surgical clinic until December when he went on leave on account of ill-health, and Dr. R. M. Gibson was appointed to act in his place. There were 522 patients treated in this clinic and 415 operations were performed. Besides the in-patients under the care of the professor of surgery, 859 others were examined and treated in the outpatient department, at the special clinic which Professor Digby generally conducts. It is considered that this serves a very useful purpose for it allows opportunities for following up the treatment of many cases after they are well enough to leave hospital. The medical clinic was conducted by G. E. Aubrey, M.D., at the Civil Hospital and by C.W. McKenny, M.D. at Tung Wah Hospital; Dr. McKenny was also in charge of the teaching of obstetrics for the greater part of the year, Dr. Moore having been in charge of the suject for the first six weeks of 1922. The appointment of recently qualified Chinese graduates of the University to act as house plysicians and house surgeons to the medical and surgical clinics of the University has been noticed already.

During the year the Rockefeller Foundation endowed chairs of surgery, medicine and obstetrics in the University and appoint- ments have been made to the those of surgery and medicine. Mr. K. H. Digby, M.B.; F.R.C.S. having been appointed to the professorship of surgery, and Mr. J. Anderson, M.D., &c. to that of medicine; it is expected that the third appointment will be made as soon as it is found convenient to do so.

M (1) 19 -

The Maternity Hospital.--The admittances and other informa- tion is shown in the form of a table, and a comparison is made with the admittances, &c., of the preceding year.

Admittances,

Free patients,

Male births,

Female births, ...

Still- born,

:

:

Abortions; Spurious labour pains,

1921.

1922.

699

721

278

178

326

300

254

286

36

32

89

103

Nationality of patients.

Europeans,

66

79

Japanese,

17

31

Indians,

48

36

...

Chinese,

568

575

Deaths (maternal),

7

The diseases or conditions which resulted in the death of seven of the mothers were nephritis 2, influenza 2 and plague, eclampsia and shock, each caused one death.

Three premature infants died soon after birth.

V-THE LUNATIC ASYLUM.

The medical officers of the Civil Hospital were in charge of the Asylum also. The total number of patients admitted was 235 and 213 of these were admitted for the first time. 117 patients were brought in by the police, most of these baving been found wander- ing about the streets, unable to account for or to look after themselves, satisfactorily. It is likely that a good many of these do not belong to the Colony but that they are sent to it from surrounding parts of China, in order that those who are responsible for the care of these mental invalids, may be free from the encumbrance. The number of patients admitted during the year was less than in 1921, when 300 patients were admitted. One patient died, the cause of his death being beri-beri. The sex and nationality of the patients are shown in tabular form, and in a second table the diseases which affected the patients are recorded.

The most important of the changes in the staff was the appoint- ent as head attendant of the head attendant of the London County Mental Hospital. This officer arrived in the colony and assumed duty in August.

M (1) 20

Table I.

Nationality and Sex of Patients treated in 1922.

Nationality.

Remain- ing at end of 1921.

Admit-

·ted.

Total number treated.

Dis- charged.

Died.

Remain- ing at end of

1922.

M. F. M F. M. F M. F.

Europeans,..

1 3

13

w

تات

A

3

Indians,

6

0

Chinese,

12

115 74 127

78 124 77

Japanese,

1 0

Malay,

0

0

Filipino.........

M.

F.

M. F.

O

O

O

O

C

90

0

0

Total,

14

8 136 77 150 85 144 81

1*

0

*Died of Beri-beri,

3

:

1

M (1) 21-

Table II.

Return of Diseases and Deaths in 1922.

Discharged.

Transferr-

Disenses.

Remaining in Hospital at end of 1921.

Admitted Total

during 1922.

cases

treated.

Apparent- ly cured.

Re- lieved.

ed to Canton Asylum.

7

:~:

10 10

Errors of Development:-

Idiocy

Imbecility

Feeblemindedness

Disorders of Function:-

Acute.......

Mauia-Intermittent

2

13

13

2

NEN

2

8

10 30

Chrouic

9

15

24

10202

issociated with:-

Hysteria

Pregnancy

Epilepsy

Phthisis

Melancholia :·

Acute Intermittent Chronic

Stuporous

Hypochondriacal

ssociated with :-

Pregnancy

:

Died.

262

5

1

18

2010

Remainin

in

Hospital at end of

1922.

...

2

1

1

1

3

3

3

1

1

1

19

19

11

9

9

6

3

10

13

1

1

1

1

I

::

:::

...

3

1 10

1

...

Parturition and lacta-

tion

Old age

1

2

2

1

1

:

2

1

:

::

:

:

::

:

Maniacai Depressive

Insanity-

Alternating insanity

4

4

N

~

Delusional Insanity :-

Acute

1

10

11

6

1

Chronic

1

1

1

Carried forward......

14

110

124

39

37

44

4

- M (1) 22

Table II. Continued.

Return of Diseases and Deaths in 1922.

Remaining in Hospital at end of 1922.

Remaining in

Admitted Total

Disensis.

Hospitat ai end of 1921.

during

cases

1922.

treated.

Discharged.

Transferr-

Apparent- ly cured. lieved.

Re-

ed to Canton Asylum.

Died.

14

110

124

39

37

44

:

Brought forward, .......

Psycinasthenia :—

Obsessional insanity

Usanity of Infective

Toxic and

other

:

GeneralConditions:-

Acute delirium

Insanity Associated with

Acute Infective Diseases :-

Febrile......

Confusional insanity

Syphilitic

2

:

:

13

13

7

5

1*

7

General Paralysis

Tabo-paresis

1

1

5 2

2

Dementia from :-

Local cerebral syphilis..

...

1

1

Insanity due to Alcohol:-

Acute

Chronic

Delirium tremens

6

6

6

I

1

5

::

4

I

:

:

2

1

...

2

Insanity Associated

with:-

Graves's Disease.....

2

Dementia-praecox

9

9

primary

21

21

secondary

5

14

19

1

...

3

6

17

...

14

Observation........

2

11

13

13

Totals

2223

213

235

70

71

84

* Died of beri-beri.

M (1) 23 -

The Victoria Hospital for Women and Children.-178 patients were admitted as compared with 195 in the previous year. Two deaths occurred one from pernicious anaemia and one from pemphigus. Measles was comparatively more common than in the year before, eight cases being treated whereas only one case of whooping cough was observed. Even when measles, whooping cough, &c., are prevalent the proportion of children who suffer from them seems to be less than the proportion usually affected when epidemics of these diseases occur in temperate climates. Diphtheria also was less prevalent.

Enteric fever.-There were three cases of typhoid and three of paratyphoid fevers. This group occurs in varying numbers from year to year, in the present year it did not occur as often as it used to do four or five years ago. Since 1919 the enteric fevers have not been as common as they were in the five or six years before this date. The proportion of paratyphoid to typhoid cases recorded in the last nine years, is becoming greater each year, and paratyphoid B appears to be more common than the other variety.

Diptheria. This has also been less prevalent since 1919 than before that year; the disease does not seem to be associated with complications as often as in Europe, neuritis, for instance, being rarely met with, in my experience.

Rickels: Scurry.-Examples of these conditions are frequently met with, both of them being due to the use of patent foods instead of fresh milk, vegetables, etc. Often children are found to be suffering from a chronic state of ill health in which not only are the bones affected but convulsions and other complications are met with in this part of the world as elsewhere. So too, as regards scurvy ; many instances of children with all of the typical manifestations of this disease have been treated at various times. One case was that of a child of four or five suffering from haematuria for which no cause could be found until by a process of exclusion it was diagnosed as scurvy and treated with vegetables, chiefly the potato. Within two days the patient was altogether relieved, in fact, convalescent. In other cases the regions of the joints of the extremities are extremely tender to the touch, and the joints may be, swollen. Purple coloured patches of extravasated blood are seen in some of the patients, but not in all. In many of the children the temperature rises one or two degrees in the evenings and the child appears extremely ill.

Malaria.-Of all diseases this was the most common during the year, not only among children but among adults too. Many cases were mistaken for sunstroke. The subject is referred to in another portion of this report.

The Hospital for Infectious Diseases.-Dr. A. R. Esler replaced Dr. Valentine as medical officer in charge on March 1st. The nursing staff of the hospital is combined with that of the Civil Hospital where it is stationed when not actually required at the Infectious Diseases Hospital. Very few cases called for treatment there this year, only seven cases of small pox having to be isolated.

M (1) 21

Two deaths occurred, both of the patients being Indians. This was the smallest number of patients that I know of as having been admitted in any one year. The provision of a hospital for infectious diseases to be built on a more suitable site was discussed during the year and the site is being sought for.

Victoria Gaol Hospital.-The medical officer in charge was Dr. A.R. Esler, M.R C.S.; L R.C.P. Lond. The general health of the prisoners was satisfactory. 5,014 prisoners were committed, of these 197 were females and 88 were juvenile offenders. At the time of admission 711 were considered to be unfit for hard labour on account of their age or poor physique, and 35 required treatment in hospital.

The daily average number of prisoners in the gaol was 787; in hospital, the daily average was 7·6, and as outpatients, 40.

The prisoners treated in hospital amounted to 362 and in 1921 this number was 236.

Deaths.-Eight prisoners died. The diseases from which they suffered were-lobar pneumonia 2, beri-beri 2, pulmonary tuber- culosis 1, myocarditis 1, plague 1, appendicitis 1.

Remission of sentences.-This was allowed in eight instances for reasons of health, the conditions for which release was recom- mended were, tuberculosis 3, leprosy 1, disease of the aortic valves of the heart 1, beri-beri 1, paraplegia and blindness 1.

Concerning the diseases from which some of the prisoners suffered, influenza is said to have been responsible for 93 admis- sions to hospital, and is the disease credited with the greatest amount of sickness. Whenever influenza is known to be about too much is apt to be ascribed to it, and, as there is nothing about it which may be regarded as characteristic, this is more or less unavoidable.

The medical officer reports that two patients suffered from amoebic dysentery, and one of these died; that fourteen cases of pulmonary tuberculosis were treated and that one died. In both of these diseases the number of cases treated was less than last year, whereas, there were fifteeen cases of beri-beri as compared with two in the previous year. Eleven of the patients affected with beri-beri were affected before their conviction, in four only was the disease observed within a month after admission to gaol.

Malaria was more prevalent than it has been in recent years; 64 cases were in hospital, all of whom recovered. One prisoner was found to be affected with plague five days after her admission, she was removed from the gaol and no other case occurred. Scabies is of common occurrence, it existed in 202 prisoners on their entry to the gaol, but it is cured, as a rule, in eight or ten days. The rule that each prisoner shall have a bath every second day has had a good effect not only on scabies but on the general health and cleanliness. Fifty-three prisoners required treatment because of the habitual use of opium, the majority of the cases did not appear to have been long accustomed to the use of the drug. The cases of venereal disease observed amounted to fifty-four patients suffering from gonorrhoea and fifty-two from venereal sores.

M (1) 25

Of the 197 female prisoners who were admitted 63 required medical attention; one died of plague. The average daily number in gaol was 27.

Total number of :-

Daily average

number of :-

Rate per cent of :—

Prisoners admitted to gaol.

Admission to hospital.

Outpatients.

Deaths due to disease.

Prisoners in gaol.

Sick in hospital.

Outpatients.

Admissions to hospital to total admissions to gaol.

Daily average in hospital to daily average of prisoners.

Deaths due to disease to total admissions to gaol.

1921

4.990

236 9.298

B

600

6.6

25.2

4.78

1922 15,014 362 14,911

30

8

787 7.6 40

1.1

0.28

7.21 0.96 0.15

Lai-chi-kok branch of the Gaol-Dr. J. T. Smalley was attach- ed to this branch of the prison as the medical officer. The daily average number of the prisoners was 129. Most of the prisoners are undergoing a short term of imprisonment or they are juvenile offenders. The only ailment of any importance which was at all of ordinary occurrence, was malaria, very many of the prisoners having been affected with it before their entry into the prison. Quinine in given as a preventive and parades are held for this purpose.

A new block of buildings was completed during the year for juvenile prisoners, which will permit of their being kept entirely separate from the rest of the prisoners.

The number of prisoners admitted to gaol was,......902

"

"

Transferred to Victoria gaol,.....

22

hospital,.......252

62

One death occurred on account of rupture of the spleen, the result of a fall.

VI.

KOWLOON AND THE NEW TERRITORIES.

Dr. J. T. Smalley was medical officer in charge until November 4 when he was relieved by Dr. W. B. A. Moore. As in the previous year Dr. Luk Chuen-hsuen was in charge of the dispensary at Tai Po Market, working under the supervision of the medical officer in charge of the New Territories.

The Dispensary, Kowloon.-The attendances during the year amounted to 24,768 as compared with 15,838 in 1921. Those who attended on more than one occasion are included in this total as

M (1) 26

as well as 1,385 persons who attended to be vaccinated and 202 others who were examined as to their physical fitness for employ- ment by Government. The numbers under these two last heads in 1921 were 510 and 131 respectively. Nationalities were represented as follows:-Europeans 2,262: Chinese 19,118; Portuguese 1,021; Indians 826; Japanese 156.

The Police.-The stations in Kowloon and the New Territories were visited by the medical officer from time to time throughout the year and reports made on matters requiring attention. The general health of the force has been good except that malaria was more prevalent than usual.-This is referred to in another portion of the report. The stations were visited and inspected with a view to the prevention of this disease as far as possible, and I visited most of the stations in the Territory, as well as the medical officer. It is difficult to prevent malaria in a region full of rice fields and with countless pools, small and large; in fact, with every possible facility for the breeding of mosquitoes. But the main lines which ought to be followed to lessen the danger of infection were again recommended, such as the use of mosquito nets, wire gauze netting for rooms, the filling in of pools or the drainage of them; the use of kerosine oil for treating pools and the taking of quinine. But the men are exposed to being bitten on their patrols and the only one of the preventive measures which is then available is quinine, which is regularly given to all of the force at the stations. As far as is practicable most of the measures of prevention are carried

out.

The Railway Staff--The health of this staff was good. Instruction in First Aid methods was given as in former years and twelve men obtained the certificate of the St. John's Ambu- lance Association; badges for proficiency in First Aid were awarded to fifteen men including those first referred to. To all of the railway stations and on the trains boxes containing the necessary equipment for rendering first aid, are supplied. Eleven persons were injured accidentally during the year and six of these were either killed outright or died subsequently from their injuries.

The Dispensary, Tai Po Market. This is in charge of a Chinese medical officer, Dr. Luk Chuen-hsuen who works under the supervision of the medical officer in charge of the New Territories. There was a slight increase in the attendances this year when 3,157 persons attended compared with 3,055 the year before, but the nuinber of patients seeking advice at the dispensary has gradually increased since it was first opened. The vaccinations performed amounted to 1,074, and the number of cases diagnosed as suffering from malaria was 931 while 697 were so diagnosed last year. The first appointment of a Chinese medical officer to reside at Tai Po Market and carry on the dispensary there was made in February 1917. Before this the dispensary used to be in charge of a dispenser who merely dispensed domestic medicines. Although there have been several changes in the medical officers the number of Chinese patients who seek for advice and medicine

·M (1) 27.

at the dispensary has gradually increased. For instance, in 1915 and 1916 the number of patients, was 307 and 393 respectively, which increased to 1.402 in 1917 when a medical officer was first stationed there, and last year the figures already given show that there were ten patients for every one in the earlier periods. A similar comparison between the number of patients who attended the dispensary in Kowloon in 1915 with that for 1922 shows the attendances at 6,000 and 24,768, respectively.

The Bok Oi Hospital, Un Long. - This institution was origin- ally one in which Chinese medicine was in vogue entirely, but it was thought probable that a certain number of the people who resorted to it would incline to western methods if these were available, and, accordingly government decided to station a dispenser there and to supply the more ordinary drugs and dressings, the work being supervised by the European medical officer. The dispenser or dresser has been at work for six months of the year only and some 2,253 patients have applied for relief.

.

The Kwong Wa Hospital.-The visiting medical officer was Dr. J. T. Smalley until November 4, after which date Dr. W. B. A. Moore performed this duty. The Chinese medical officers attached to this hospital were K. W. Ip, M.B., B.S. and K. K. Wong, M.B., B.S. There is also a nurse trained in maternity work anf six probationer nurses, three dressers and one dispenser.

An epitome of the statistics is given here and a list of the diseases treated is summarised in the appendix :-

1922.

1921.

Cases remaining at end of last year,..

207

195

Admissions,

4,947

4,291

Number of males,

2,988

2,571

Number of females,

1,959

1.720

Total number treated,

5.154

4,486

Deaths,

1.488

1.926

,

Remaining at end of the year,

218

207

(Western

Percentage under Chinese treatment,

Deaths (Chinese treatment) (81 Moribund)..

""

Bodies brought to Hospital Mortuary,

30.9%

28%

:

Western

69.1%

72%

23

484

379

وو

) (238

33

)..

1,004

647

449

241

sent

75

Public

""

119

190

39

Free burials,

Number of outpatients,

Under Chinese treatment,

2.385

1.762

44,881

36,160

40.2%

-27%

Western

59.8%

73%

"

""

Confinements,

717

644

Casualty cases,

306

·552

Operations under general anaesthesia,

166

176

- M (1) 28

VII-THE TUNG WAH HOSPITAL; VICTORIA,

The maintenance of the buildings has been well looked after, and the medical staff was the same as in the previous year. The Chinese medical officers were G. H. Thomas, M.D., B.S., Fok Wing Tai, M.B., B.S., and Chiu Chu San, M.B., B.S., graduates of the University of Hongkong. The visiting medical officer was C. W. McKenny, M.D., of the medical department of the Government. These officers performed their duties in a careful and satisfactory

manner.

A concise statement of the various branches of the following headings.

Patients remaining in hospital from 1921..... Admitted

Total number of in-patients treated Deaths

Remaining in hospital at end of 1922

Under native treatment

Under western treatment

Males

Females

Bodies brought to hospital mortuary.

sent to Public Mortuary.

Free burials....

Destitutes sheltered......

Out-patients visits (native treatment)

1922.

1921.

257

330

8,079 6,881

8,336 7,211

2,267

1,813

336

257

3.714

3.329

4,622 3,882

5,531 4,539

2,548 2,289

1,850

1,363

838

594

5,518

4,895

1,289 2,014

.136,280 98,763

(western

29,722 24.238

(eye clinic

2.949 2,972

""

*

Vaccinations performed

2,395 2.865

Confinements

1,017

805

Operations, general..

268

292

""

eye

132

93

The diseases which were most common among the patients treated in the hospital were beri-beri, pulmonary tuberculosis, influenza, plague and syphilis. As regards the first of these, beri-beri, there was an increase of something like eighty cases of this disease over those of the year before; it is one of the most important causes of sickness both on account of the number affected and the length of time for which the patients are unable to work. · The death rate is also high for of the 846 patients who were admitted on account of beri-beri during the year 374 died, that is, 44

per cent of the cases were fatal. Cases of plague were not numerous last year but this year 464 patients were treated and 410 of these died, which amounts to a death rate of 88 per cent. Tuberculosis of the lungs was recorded in 656 cases of which 333 proved fatal, being a death rate of 50 per cent. Influenza seems to frequent this region of the world persistently and to be independent of the seasons and the weather. 505 cases are reported for the year. Of the venereal diseases there were 351

M (1) 29

cases of syphilis reported and 61 cases of gonococcal infection; in 1921 there were 255 and 42 cases, respectively. The increase is probably not a real one but is due to the fact that both patient and medical man are more keen in detection. The group of enteric fevers contained 48 admissions as compared with 15 in the previous year. The death rate was very high-53 per cent, for those treated by the European staff and 80 per cent. for those who came under the eastern methods of treatment. It is believed that with a properly trained nursing staff the death rate would not be nearly so great. In the statistics the fevers are not in all cases shown either as typhoid or the paratyphoids, but this is more often due to omissions in registering the cases, than that the diagnosis had not not been accurately made.

It is pleasant to be able to refer to the comparative absence of cerebro-spinal meningitis for 22 cases only were seen, whereas, the year before there were 74 cases in the hospital. Since 1918 the disease has become less frequent, and this seems to apply not only to the part of the world but to other parts as well.

The Eye department was in charge of Dr. G. M. Harston and Dr. J. Morrison. 2,949 patients attended and 132 operations were performed.

The Maternity department,―This is conducted on European lines and an increase in the number of patients occurred, there being 1,017 this year and 805 last year.

Operations performed.—268 operations were performed under general anaesthesia.

The University medical clinic was in the care of Dr. C. W. McKenny; no particular variation was made from the methods of teaching in use in former years.

The branch of the Tung Wa Hospital which is situated at Kennedy Town and is used as a hospital for small pox cases received 46 patients suffering from this disease and 26′ of these died.

A reference is due to the generous and sympathetic manner in which the Board of Directors have performed their onerous duties not only during the year under review but in the past as well.

VIII. THE BACTERIOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.

Professor C. Y. Wang acted as the officer in charge of this institution and carried out the duties connected with this post throughout the year; his detailed report is submitted in the ap- pendix. The examination of specimens for diagnostic purposes and the periodical examination of samples of the water from the different sources of supply, is the routine part of the work. The other work, more or less of a routine nature too, is the preparation of lymph for vaccination; the preparation of typhoid and para-

M (1) 30

typhoid vaccines; the preparation of anti-meningococcus serum, and of the vaccine to prevent abortion in cows. The making of anti-rabic vaccine is also undertaken, and thirty-one persons were treated after having been bitten by dogs, although not all of the dogs were rabid. The examination of rat corpses to detect whether any of them were suffering from plague resulted in 73,245 dead rats being inspected but only two of these were found to be infected with plague.

.

IX. THE PUBLIC MORTUARIES.

In Victoria.-3,973 post-mortem examinations were

per- formed, and the results are given in detail in the appendix to this report. One of the points of interest is the comparison between the number of persons who are said to have died from tuberculosis of the lungs (195) and the number of those entered as having died from tuberculosis of the abdominal organs and other tissues (73). In recent years it has been suggested that tuberculosis, in children, at any rate, generally enters the body by way of the respiratory system, and that it is not common to find it affecting the organs in the abdomen, as a primary infection. Assuming this to be accurate so far as children are concerned it does not appear to hold good for all ages. Another item of interest is the small number of cases which are reported to have died from dysentery. Only eight deaths are ascribed to this cause for the year and nine for the year before. Although the precise kind of dysentery has not been indicated it is fairly certain that the amoebic form was that responsible for the great majority. But even so eight cases of dysentery in all but 4,000 deaths, is less than one would suppose, and it is a question which deserves further attention, not only as to the prevalence of dysentery, but the forms which occur here. Malignant growths are comparatively rarely seen. In 1921 seven are reported in 3,471 examinations and one case is reported among the 3,973 examinations in 1922. There is no reference to animal parasites as the cause of death, for neither the hookworm nor the bilharzia family appear to have been observed. The deaths stated to be due to enteric fevers also seem to be few. The work of the public mortuary in Victoria has always been a part of the duty of the Bacteriologist, but on account of shortage of staff it was necessary this year to depute a medical officer for this duty.

The Pubile Mortuary in Kowloon :--

Male bodies examined, ... Female bodies examined,

Bodies of unknown sex,

:

:

:

1,277

779

11

2,067

1

M (1) 31

The nationalities represented were Europeans 4, Chinese 2,055, Japanese 4, Indians 2, Negro 1, Filipino 1.

Epitome of causes of death,

Diseases caused by infection,

2

of the nervous system,

1922.

1921.

392

215

62

18

...

"

respiratory system,

806

541

""

digestive system,......

208

139

genito urinary system,...

23

13

**

23

female organs,

188

127

Disorders of nutrition or metabolism,...

12

52

Deaths from violence :-

(a.) general injuries,

51

42

(b) local

69

37

(c.) poisons

Too decomposed for diagnosis,

Undiagnosed,

F:

5

2

**

238

158

13

2.067

1,344

32,333 rats were examined and 19 were found to be infected with plague.

X.-The Chinese Midwires.

Seven midwives were employed as in previous years, and six pupils were being trained in midwivery at the expense of govern- ment. In most of the districts these midwives are greatly appreciated and their services are sought after. A maternity hospital for Chinese containing about 60 beds was opened during the year and will prove to be a great benefit to the large number of Chinese women who seek for modern methods of treatment in childbirth. The hospital, although referred to in this report, is not a government institution, but is under the auspices of the. Chinese themselves, the government, however, provides a lady doctor to supervise the work. In 1922 about 2,800 Chinese patients were attended during childbirth in the various institutions of the colony, in addition to those attended by the government midwives. This is not a great number compared with the popula- tion, but it is three times the number as compared with, say five years ago, and is only another sign of the growing faith in modern medicine which is being evinced by the Chinese.

1922.

M (1) 32-

Number of Confinements attended by Government Midwives at the different stations in 1922.

Shankiwan.

January

28

14

February

27

16

March

25

15

Ápril

25

10

May June

20

17

20

20

July...

29

21

August

27

16

September

23

22

October

34

24

November

25

21

December

29

17

Yaumati.

100 10144 20 - 00 - 10 -- 10 pie

Tai Po

Tsun Wan.

30 40 UK 10 --IR 10 10 – 10 10

Yun Long.

Cheung Chau.

56

53

17

47*

13

58

12

59

72

51

58

81

14

72

10

65

Total

312

213

30

32

110

714

* 1 Miscarriage 4 months.

THE MEDICAL INSPECTION OF SCHOOLS.

This work was continued. Each child is examined twice a year and the results of the examination are recorded in a card which contains references to the various matters concerning which it is important to have the necessary information. It is believed that much good has been derived from this examination and the subsequent steps which are taken to improve any conditions which require medical attention. The schools inspected were:-

The Queen's College.

The Ellis Kadoorie School. The Yaumati School. The Saiyingpun School.

The Wantsai School.

The Praya East School.

The Belilios Public School.

The Peak School.

The Victoria British School.

The School for Indians.

The Kowloon British School.

The Gap Road School,

Total.

M (1) 33

THE HEALTH OFFICERS OF THE PORT.

There are two Health Officers of the Port who are also inspectors of emigrants. Their work consists in the inspection of ships on their arrival; the medical inspection of emigrants; and various duties required of them by the passengers and crews of ships which are placed in quarantine or kept under observation. 5,318 sea-going vessels were visited by these officers in 1922; in in the previous year 3,778 such vessels were visited. The boats plying between this port and Canton and Macao are not included in the number. 286 ships arrived in quarantine" from ports which had been declared to be infected, and 27,900 passengers together with 22,503 members of crews were examined and the necessary measures taken before pratique was allowed. Of the eleven vessels which it was found necessary to detain for further measures, eight were so detained because of the presence of small-pox on board, two because of bubonic plague and one because of cholera. The number of emigrants who passed through the port during the three years 1920-1922 were 105,258; 155,994; and 98,410. 1,036 emigrants were rejected for various reasons, this year eg. trachoma and scabies accounted for many, while a considerable number were not allowed to proceed on account of general unfitness. The report of the Health Officer of the Port is in the appendix.

The Chemical Laboratory.—The staff was the same as in 1921. The work consisted in the examination of articles and of human organs for legal purposes; the examination of dangerous goods and of food and drugs; the public water supplies; building materials; mineral ores; oils; and other articles constituting a miscellaneous list. The total number of these analyses amounted to 1.176, being 135 less than in 1921. Special reports were made concerning the making of mineral waters; on Chinese wood oil : on the storage of compressed chlorine; on Terne plate containers; on the sediments in fuel oil; on dangerous trades areas; on the preservation of timber; on the dangers connected with calcium carbide. The investigation of the quantity of tin which exists in the deposits of wolfram found in China, was continued this year, and the result coincided closely with that of the year before. The work of the village wells in the New Territory was also continued, about seventy samples having been thoroughly examined. More work has been done on Chinese camphor; a new method has been devised for the detection of traces of petroleum such as may be found in the charred remains of material found in houses after a fire has occurred in them; an investigation of the composition of shales found in tho Sun Ning district has been commenced.

The Matilda Hospital.

The number of patients remaining at the end of

1921 was

...

The number admitted during 1922 was The number of deaths was

...

18

253

3

M (2) 34

The Ho Min Ling Hospital.

The number of patients at end of 1921 was

33

The number of patients admitted during 1922 was... 514 The number of patients who died during 1922 was...

The Nethersole Hospital.

30

The number of patients remaining at end of 1921 was 12 The number of patients admitled during 1922 was... 594 The number of patients who died during 1922 was...

The Alice Memorial Hospital.

41

The number of patients remaining at end of 1921 was 10 The number of patients admitted during 1922 was... 474 The number of patients who died during 1922 was...

4

The returns relate to philanthropic institutions and have been included in this report as in former years.

Scarlet Fever

Chinese

January.

February.

March.

M (1) 35

Table II-CASES OF NOTIFIABLE DISEASES RECORDED IN EACH MONTH OF THE YEAR 1922.

April.

May.

June.

July.

August.

September.

October.

November.

European

1

Plague

Chinese

Others

13

23

European

Typhoid Fever

Chinese

Others

European

2

Paratyphoid Fever

....

Chinese

Others

1

2

European

Cholera

Chinese

1

Others

European

1

1

Small-pox

Chinese

33

23

59

18

1

1

Others

1

2

1

European

2

2

1

Diphtheria

Chinese

8

4

2

Others

European

Puerperal Fever

Chinese

Others

་-

European

73 247

451

234

29

3

3

2

4

3

:7

**

10

2

1,174

1,181

149

150

6

I

4

2

20

22

3

10

10

3.

:⇨ཀ༽

6

13

10

10

10

100

139

75

115

1

1

1

3

2

19

18

2

1

I

1

.17

14

1

1

5

27

41

79

: :

24

1

4

1

2

6

1

204

212

180

191

6

5

11

20

:

1

2

7

9

10

71

47

85

1

1

18

1

1

3

1

1

1

14

15

11

1

5

Others

European

Relapsing Fever

Chinese

Others

Typhus Fever.

1

:

European

Chinese

Others

Europeau

Cerebro-Spinal Fever...

Chinese

12

4

4

N

Others

Yellow Fever

European

Chinese

Others

Rabies

Dogs

:3ས::::

2

2

2

:

Nil

Nil

2

46

53

122

125

5

3

Nil

Nil

8

S

Total for 1922,

51

88 129

327 537

276

106

34

41

38

33

1,717

Total for 1921,

36 42 117 118 }}} 126

56

30

24

25

40

38

3335

...

763

}

December

Total, 1922.

Total, 1921.

J

Year.

Plague.

Typhoid fever Paratyphoid fever.

Cholera,

Small-pox.

M (1) 36

Diphteria.

Cerebro-Spinal

1913.

408

201

116

111

148

:

1914...... 2,146

140

19

110

78

:

*8

1915......... 144

198

17

34

86

:

3*

1916.........

39

220

10

712

101

:

1*

1917.........

38

188

595

69

:

7*

1918......... 266

247

32

118

1,232

2*

1919......

464

133

46

27

50

267

3*

1920.....

138

118

34

76

158

14*

1921.

1,50

115

5

191

85

125

*

79*

1922.

1,181

139

1

212

71

53

27*

* These are paratyphoid cases.

fever:

:

A Statement showing the number of cases of Syphilis and Gonorrhoea reported from certain Hospitals and Institutions during the last ten years:-

Civil

Hospital.

Gaol Kowloon Hospital. Dispensary.

Tung Wa

Hospital.

Victoria Kowloon Mortuary.

Total.

Mortuary.

- M (1) 37

1913.

Syphilis.

76

70

157

141

454

Gonorrhoea.

56

80

84

223

1914.

Syphilis.

75

10

97

160

101

1

144

Gonorrhoea.

60

2

102

53

217

1915.

Syphilis.

78

290

. 104

234

Gonorrhoea.

53

* 230

36

1916.

Syphilis.

105

222

139

Gonorrhoea.

46

284

1917. Syphilis.

133

190

Gonorrhoea.

56

353

1918. Syphilis.

89

252

108

Gonorrhoea.

66

202

1919.

Syphilis.

125

216

Gonorrhoea.

125

260

1920.

Syphilis.

148

10

205

161

¡Gonorrhoea.

184

2

249

1921. Syphilis.

181

53

221

249

Gonorrhoea.

140

121

160

1922.

Syphilis.

182

7

264

351

Gonorrhoea.

140

9

215

ེབ་ྲཝཱརྞ2⪜ཀླི ཤྲཱི འབ

296

10

716

421

769

21

352

117

251

696

38

449

357

816

48

316

74

119

18

317

10

rec

547

403

850

29

464

152

14

718

42

163

54

29

887

61

425

M (1) 38

Buildings.-These have been maintained in a good condition. all the necessary overhauling and repairs was done.

RECENT RECOMMENDATIONS.

A recommendation was made by me and approved by govern- ment to the effect that the present Lunatic Asylum should be aband- oned and a new asylum with the necessary grounds provided in the New Territory. A site is new being selected.

During the year government approved of the recommendation that a man trained in an English asylum should be appointed to the post of head attendant, and such a person was appointed and assuined duty in September.

Other recommendations have been made in quite recent years and approved by government, in the case of some of these the necessary work is under way or even completed, and, in others it has been started, e.g. the outpatient department at the Civil Hospital was completed towards the end of the year and is now in use; the maternity block at the Victoria Hospital is in an advanced state; the work in connection with the new hospital in Kowloon has been commenced; a small building was asked for in which to perform the vaccination of emigrants, and this has been built. Other buildings and offices asked for by the head of the depart- ment were a new chemical laboratory, a proper office for the Principal Civil Medical Officer and another for the Health Officers of the Port and, a central medical store: all of these were sanction- ed by government and are to be provided in the new fire brigade building.

During the year events brought it about that the question of providing a new hospital for infectious disease cases should be considered and although it is not easy to decide upon the site, it is probable that this will soon be settled now and a satisfactory site found.

A recommendation was made this year by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs and myself, jointly, to obtain the appointment of an officer of the medical department whose duty it would be to supervise the work of the Chinese hospitals and public dispensaries which are under the management of a committee of Chinese gentlemen, the medical staffs of the institutions consisting of Chinese medical men. Government has approved of this appointment being made and the officer will be appointed in due course.

It has also been recommended that a second medical officer will be required for Kowloon and the New Territory as soon as the hospital is ready.

Another recommendation was to the effect that in the next appointment of a medical officer on the staff it is desirable to obtain one with special knowledge of diseases of the eye, this recommendation received approval.

M (1) 39

For establishing a clinic for the free treatment of venereal disease I have recommended a suitable site and a plan for the building, and I have advised the appointment of an officer with special knowledge of this work. During the year in consequence of a request from government I submitted a memorandum on the steps necessary for carrying out the recommendations of the Venereal Diseases Committee appointed by this government.

The question of providing accommodation for the segregation and treatment of those who may come into contact with persons on board ship suffering from one of the infectious diseases (e.g. chelera or small-pox) liable to occur on shipboard has been discuss- ed frequently. In 1913 I submitted a report on the advisability or otherwise of providing a station equipped for this purpose, and, subsquently frequent recommendations have been made by me with a view to keeping Lai Chi Kok station in a condition of preparedness.

Medical Library.

1. The Nomenclature of Diseases-six copies.

2. Human Physiology, (Luciani) Vol. V.

3. Clinical Pathology; (Krehl).

4. A Dictionary of Treatment, (Whitla) 6th Edition.

5. Diseases of the Stomach, (Einhorn.)

6. Medicine in the Tropics (Byarn and Archibald) Vols. I, II. 7. The Medical Register 1922.

Bacteriological Institute.

The Journal of Infectious Diseases.

The Journal of Hygiene.

Medical Science, Abstracts and Reviews. The Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology. Centralblatt fur Bakteriologie (Oringinale). Centralblatt fur Bakteriologie (Referate). The British Journal of Experimental Pathology. Annales De L'Institute Pasteur,

Archiv fur Schiff und Tropen Hygiene.

The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology. The Review of Applied Entomology. Series A. The Review of Applied Entomology. Series B.

Bulletin of Entomological Research. Tropical Veterinary Bulletin.

Tropical Disease Bulletin.

M (1) 40

The Chemical Laboratory.

Manganese Öres" by A.H. Curtis.

"Tin Ores" by G.M. Davies.

Analysis of Mineral Ores" by Scholler and Powell,

"Tungsten Ores" by Rastall and Wilcockson.

66

Applied Analytical Chemistry" by V. Villavechia, (2-vols.). "Industrial Organic Chemistry" by P.S. Arup.

"Rubbers, Resins, etc." by R.S. Morrell,

"Organic Medicinal Chemicals" by M. Borrowcliff.

Carbohydrates and Alcohol" by S. Rideal.

"Silica and Silicates" by J.A. Audley.

“Practical Hand Book for Daily Chemists" by H.D. Richmond. "Volatile Oils" (2 vols.) by Gildemeisters and Hoffman, "Recent Advances in Organic Chemistry" by A.W. Stewart. “Chromiun Ores" by W.R. Rumbold.

"Lead Ores" by T.C.F. Hall,

"Text Book of Inorganic Chemistry.”

Vol.-1, Introduction to modern inorganic chemistry. Vol.--4, Aluminium and its congeners.

Vol.-5, Carbon and its allies.

Vol.-9, (part-1) Nickel and Cobalt and allied elements.

J. T. C. JOHNSON, Principal Civil Medical Officer.

M (1) 41

BACTERIOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.

Report by C. Y. WANG, M.D., B.SC., D.T.M. & H.D.P.H, M.R.C.P., Acting Bacteriologist.

PREPARATION OF CALF LYMPH.

Fifty-three calves were vaccinated during the year as against 20 in 1921. The total number of tubes of lymph issued was 77,519 as against 24,389 in 1921. The value of the lymph according to Government Notification No. 380 of 1910 $24,489.50 which exceeds that of last year by $15,954.

PREPARATION OF ANTI-MENINGOCOCCUS SERUM.

was

This is being steadily maintained. There were 98 litres of serum in stock at the end of the year.

PREPARATION OF CONTAGIOUS ABORTION VACCINE.

The vaccine is regularly prepared and supplied on demand to the Dairy Farm Co.

PREPARATION OF TYPHOID, PARÁTYPHOID A, PARATYPHOID

B AND OTHER VACCINES.

As in previous year, typhoid, paratyphoid A, paratyphoid B, and cholera vaccines have been prepared in large quantities in order that there may be no delay in supplying them whenever they may be required.

ANTI-RABIC WORK.

The rabies virus is being steadily maintained by passage through the rabbit. Anti-rabic vaccines have been supplied to 26 patients including five outside of the Colony.

Twenty-eight specimens of brains, mostly dog's, were sent in during the year for examination for rabies and of these seventeen were found to be positive,

EXAMINATION IN CONNECTION WITH CLINICAL WORK,

The appended table (Table I) gives the various materials dealt with, the number of each, month by month, and the total. Under

the heading "Miscellaneous" are included the preparation of autogenous vaccines, examinations for Leprosy, Rideal-Walker test for disinfectants and the like which are only occasionally asked for.

M (1) 42

EXAMINATION OF BATS FOR PLAGUE.

The examination is conducted at the Victoria Mortuary daily, Its results are embodied in Table II. It will be noted that the number found infected with plague was remarkably small.

BACTERIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF WATER SAMPLES,

The three sources of water supply of the Colony are Tytam, Pokfulam and Kowloon, and samples from each-both the filtered and unfiltered-are submitted to examination monthly. The collection of samples, which was undertaken in the past by the Public Works Officers, was carried out during the year by the staff of the Institute. The results of the examinations are given in Tables III, IV, & V.

POST-MORTEM EXAMINATIONS AT THE VICTORIA MORTUARY.

These are treated of in detail in a separate report (Annexe O).

Nature of Examination.

Jan.

Table I.

Special

Total Total

Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. | Investi- for for

gations. 1922. 1921.

M (1) 43 -

With B. Typhosus,

Widal.

""

Fæces for Cultivation

for

B. Paratyphosus A.,...

B..

For "Carrier" investigation,

Wassermann reaction,

Blood for Malaria, filaria,

counts, etc.,.......

Bacillus Diphtheriæ,...

Meningococcus,

Cholera, etc., Helminth

ova,.

Amabæ of Dysentery,

ལས:ཆེ རིམ

15

15

15

30

17

3:556

63 43

21

76

aaa 12-

+0

19 27

19

27

19

30

NEC NI NIN

46

47

32

53 36

46

47

32

53

36

27 46

47

32

36

46

23

37

24

48

43

41

63

9990

46 37

46 37

161 16

426

381

426 381

37

426

381

36

429

270

58

94

125

133

137

209 144

135

114

1,346 | 1,382

10

4.

9

12 14

8

18

28

158

237

4

3

1

2

119

72

Typhosus, Paratyphosus,

5

I-

285

16

19 12

16

16

19

13

12

11

6

12

20

အဆ

6

11

00

13

"Carrier" investigations,

:

Morbid Tissues for Section,

3

3

4

2

2

Sputa,

31

Pus,

Urine,

12

22:25

24

28

40

21

25

21

27

11

12

16

For Medico-legal purposes,

Bacterial Analyses of Water,

13

Rabies,....

2

2

I

1

Miscellaneous,

14

80

26

30

82

8

Eka: 3-

2

24

1

6

6

2 10

19 10

:ཌ:23:22 ོ 1 2 m

:5

26

18

2

27

::: ོ:

73

190

16

143

134

42

36

196

26

330

345

9

99

125

67

14

32

6

87

79

28

17

::

232 112

Total,

321

314 246

279

401

451

340

410

526 396 458 372

4,514 4,685

M (1) 44 -

Table II.

The Examination (post-mortem) of Rats.

Newly

Month.

Total. Male, Female.

Plague-Preg- ¦ born and infected, mant. not

classified.

January

5,923 2,912

3,011

672

519

February

6,183 3,074

3,109

782

292

March

6,527 3,241

3,286

:.

:

817

372

April

6,025 2,970

3,055

781

345

May...

6,784 3,401

3,383

~

902

332

June.

6,187 3.046 3,141

658

303

July......

5,804| 2,897

2,907

702

340

August.

5,907 2,979

2,928

720

284

September... 5,985 3,058

2.927

766

308

October

6,177 3,012 3,165

832

November

5,701 2,721 2,980

December

6,042 | 2,983 3,059

:

:

333

743

87

631

85

Total... 73,245 36,294 36,951

2

9,006

3,100

Table 111.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Kowloon Water Supplies for the year 1922.

Mac Conkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

Rate

of

Total

Colonies

Salt Peptone Water.

Presence of the Coli group.

Sample.

Date.

on Agar

Filtra-

tion.

in lee at

37° C.

1 c.c.

yb c.c.

2 c.c.

5 c.c. ¡10 e.c. 20 c.c. 50 c c.

- M (1) 45

Unfiltered,

9-1-22.

316

Filtered,

9-1-22.

271

Unfiltered,

6-2-22.

90

Filtered,

6-2-22.

Unfiltered,

13-3-22.

53

Filtered,

13-3-22.

Unfiltered,

3-4-22.

60

Filtered,

....

3-4-22.

16

Unfiltered,

1-5-22.

70

Filtered,

1-5-22.

3

Unfiltered,

6-6-22.

50

Filtered,

6-6-22.

16

Unfiltered,

3-7-22.

317

Filtered,

8-7-22.

13

Unfiltered,

8-8-22.

800

Filtered,

8-8-22.

40

Unfiltered,

4-9-22.

203

Filtered,

4-9-22.

18

Unfiltered,

2-10-22.

23

Filtered,

2-10-22.

5

Unfiltered,

1-11-22.

280

Filtered,

1-11-22.

36

Unfiltered, 4-12-22.

130

4-12-22.

9

Filtered,

11 + 1

++

T ++│

1 + + + +0+0+1+1 +1 +

+1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +++ 1 + +

All samples taken either immediately before or inmediately after filtration. Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day.

Acid and Gas. L

Acid only, - No Change.

=

+ 1 + + + + + +

+++++

+

+1 +1 +

+

Group IV in 5 e.c.

Absent in 50 c.c. Group I.

Group IV in 1 c.c.

Negative up to 50 e.c.

Group IV.

Group I.

Group II.

Group I.

No. B. Coli found in 5 c.c.

Negative up to 50 e.e.

: Group IV in y e.c. Group I in 1 c.c. Group IV.

Group I.

in 5 c.c. Group II. in 10 c.c Group I. Negative up to 50 c.c. Negative up to 50 c.c. Group IV in 50 c.c. Group IV in 50 c.c. Group II.

The rate of filtration is given by the Classification of the Coli group is that of MacConkey, +=

Table IV.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Tytam Water Supplies for the year 1922.

Mac Conkey's Lactose Neutral Red bile

Rate

Total

Colonies

of

Salt Peptone Water.

Sample.

Date.

on Agar

Presence of the Coli

group.

filtra-

tion.

in lec at

37° C.

ΤΟ

To c.c. 1 c.c.

2 c.c. 5 c.c.

10 c.c. 20 c.c. 50 c.c.

M (1) 46 —

Unfiltered,

9-1-22.

186

Filtere:1,

9-1-22.

80

Unfiltered,

6-2-22.

40

Filtered,

6-2-22.

6

...

Unfiltered,

13-3-22.

10

Filtered,

13-3-22.

10

Unfiltered,

3-4-22.

83

Filtered,

3-4-22.

8

Unfiltered,

1-5-22.

30

Filtered,

1-5-22.

Unfiltered,

6-6-22.

85

Filtered,

6-6-22.

11

Unfiltered,

3-7-22.

70

Filtered,

3-7-22.

Unfiltered,

8-8-22.

80

Filtered,

8-8-22.

10

Unfiltered,

4-9-22.

77

Filtered,

4-9-22.

18

Unfiltered,

2-10-22.

100

Filtered,

2-10-22.

15

Unfiltered,

1-11-22.

266

Filtered,

1-11-22.

23

86

15

Unfiltered, 4-12-22.

Filtered,

4-12-22.

} + { } } + 1 + 1 | | + | + | | | +1 +1 +1 +

I

[ + ] ] ] + !+ ¦ ¦ ¦ + [ + ] } { + [ + ] + i +

+1 +1 +1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 +++ 1 + 1 + !

+ + 1 + +++1+1+1+++ 1 + i +++ 1 +

+ + 1 + 1 + + + + + + + 1 + + + + + 1 +++ 1 +

+1 +++ | +++++ 1+++++++ |+|++

Group I in 1 c.c.

Absent in 50 c.c.

Group IV.

Group II.

Group I. in 1 c.c. Negative up to 50 e.c.

Group I.

Group II.

Group II.

Group I.

Group I in c.e.

Negative up to 50 c.c. Group I in 1 c.c. Negative up to 50 c.c. Group IV.

Groups I & IV. in i c.c. Group II. in 50 c.c. Group I. Group IV in 1 c.c. | Negative up to 50 c.c. Group III in 5 c.c. Negative up to 50 c.c. Group IV,

Group IV.

All samples taken either immediately before or immediately after filtration. The rate of filtration is given by the Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli group is that of MacConkey, +

Acid and Gas

No

Table V.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Pokfulam Water Supplies for the year 1922.

M (1) 47 —

Total

Mac Conkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

Rate

Colonies

Salt Peptone Water.

of

Sample.

Date.

on Agar

Presence of the Coli group.

filtra-

tion.

in lec

at 37° C.

Yo c.e. I c.c.

2 c.c. |·5 c.c.

10 c.c.20 c.c. | 50 c.c.

Unfiltered,

9-1-22.

81

Filtered,

9-1-22.

96

Unfiltered,

6-2-22.

114

Filtered,

6-2-22.

13

Unfiltered,

13-3-22.

+7

Filtered,

13-3-22.

31

[+] + [+

Unfiltered,

3-4-22.

87

Filtered,

3-4-22.

23

Unfiltered,

1-5-22.

300

Filtered,

1-5-22.

Unfiltered,

6-6-22.

175

Filtered,

6-6-22.

Unfiltered,

3-7-22.

Filtered,

3-7-22.

Unfiltered,

8-8-22.

140

Filtered,

8-8-22.

Unfiltered,

4-9-22.

107

Filtered,

4-9-22.

Unfiltered,

2-10-22.

Filtered,

2-10-22.

Unfiltered,

1-11-22.

Filtered,

1-11-22.

Unfiltered, 4-12-22.

ནྡྲ་ྲ ོཥྭཱ ུ ཙྪཱ རྞ ུ ོ་ྲ

5

43

90

5

50

30

5

716

70

130

Filtered,

4-12-22.

14

[ + ] [ [ + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 +

1 + 1 + 1 +

+ !+ !+ !

+1 +1 + i + 1 +1 +1 +1 titl

Group IV in c.c.

Group IV..

Groups I and IV.

Group I in 1 c.c.

B. Coli present in 10 c.c. and upwards Group undetermined.

Group III.

Group III.

Group I.

Negative up to 50 c.c.

Group IV in 1 c.c.

Group IV in 50 e.c. Group I in 1 c.c. Negative up to 30 e.c. Group 1.

Group I.

in 1 c.c. Group 1. in 20 e.c. Group 1. Group I in 1 c.e. Negative up to 50 e.. Group 1 in 2 e.e. Negative up to 50 Group III.

All samples taken either immediately before or immediately after filtration. The rate of filtration is given by the Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli group is that of MacConkey, + = Acid and Gas. I

Acid only, - No Change.

+1+++:

+ + + + 1 +

+ + + + + +

+++++

Group I in 20 c.c.

1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + ! + 1+1+

+++: + !+ !+ 1 + 1 + !+ i

+++ | + | + | +++++|+|+!

++++++++++++¦ +1 +1

M (1) 48

ANALYST'S DEPARTMENT.

REPORT BY MR. E. R. DOVEY, A.R.C.SC., A.L.C., F.C.S., Government Analyst.

The number of analyses performed during the year was 1,176 as against 1,311 in 1921.

The following classification shows the nature of the work done:-

Chemico-legal.

Food and Drugs Ordinance,-Contd.

1922. 1921.

1922. 1921.

Toxicological examinations

Meat, (Dried),

0

1

(including 25 stomachs),

Articles for stains,

Broken glass,

39

65

Milk, fresh,

62

80

2

Milk, condensed,

15

4

0

Milk substitute,.

1

Cigarette, Tobacco,......

0

Port wine,

4

Narcotics,

Rice,

Corrosive liquids,

3

Rum,

Dust from face,...

(

Sausage,

Explosives, and Bombs,

13

Stout,.

Fragments,

}

Syrup,

Coins and Coining Materials,

0

Sugar,

Herbs and roots,

Sherry,

1

Hypodermic syringes,

(

Whisky,

100426

Liquids,

Materials from Fire enquiries,

25

6

Waters.

Powders,

11

Public supplies,...

56

Revolvers and Cartridges,

Dangerous Goods Ordinance.

Distilled,

2

Wells and springs,

76

Sewage effluents,

0

Crackers,

Drialene,

ON

0

Septic tank effluents,

0

121

2

Seawater,

0

*-*~58

35

Liquid fuel,

65

40

Matches,

1

0

Building Materials.

Petroleum oil,

81

95

Asphalts,

Red Phosphorns,

1

0

Cement,

5

Ships for inflammable vapour,

47

36

Clay for brickminking,

Granite,

I

Food and Drugs Ordinance.

Mortar,

2

Aerated waters,

12

Paint,

3

2300UI

Beef suet,

0

1

Beer,

5

Brandy,

12

Butter,

3

Chinese ointment.

Chinese cakes,

0

Chinese wines,

17

Chloroform,

Flour,

3

Gin,

1

Ginger,

1

Infants' Food,

0

Jam,

0

Lard,

25

Lemon juice,

Pharmacy Ordinance.

Antimony oxide,

Chinese drugs,

Medicinal oil,

Pills,

Potassium cyanide.

1 Quinine sulphate,

Tincture of cinchona. Tincture of Opium,

Zine Sulphate,

CONNNNOD-OO

1

5

2

2

I

0

0

}

1

Mineralogical.

M. (1) 49

Miscellaneous,-Continued.

1922. 1921.

1922, 1921.

Coal,

31

52

Saccharin,

1

0

Coke,

1

0

Paper,

2

0

Metals,

165

100

Candles,..

1

Ores,

115

158

Soy,

Peanut cake,

I

Oils.

Paraffin wax,

0

Anise,

32

Camphor,

Cassia oil,

37

242

54

Spirit,

1

19

Renal Stone,

24

Rat poison,..

Linseed,.

0

2

Flour sacks,

Lubricating,

6

Cattle food,

Mineral grease,

Carbolic soap,

0

Mineral oil,

Battery acid,

39

12

Peanut,

2

Battery plates,

0

Resin,

1

0

Indigo,

Teaseed....

7

10

Deposits,

1

Turpentine,

1

0

Crystals,

2

Wood,

42

75

Dyes,

C

Husks,

Chemicals.

Electric cables,.............

0

Ammonium sulphate,

Bleaching powder,

Lead arsenite,

Mixed acid (sulphuric and

hydrochloric),

Nitric acid,

Saltpetre,

Soda solution,

Sodium hydroxide, Sodium sulphate, Sulphuric acid,

Miscellaneous.

Coal tar disinfectants,

сох

0

Dog biscuits,

0

0

نت

3

Sand,

Residues,

0

Fluid from ovarian cyst,

0

INOONOH

Copra,

2

0

Wood pulp,

0

Boiler seale,

0

Tin plate, Froth,....

Urine,

0

3

Soap,

2 10

6

5

~~

7

Hydrometers,

0

Stomach of dog,

Total,................. 1,176 1,311

1

1

OOONONOSTOLT2~~O~~~~~~~~——

4

1

1

0

1

M (1) 50

· TOXICOLOGICAL.

2. Among the chemico-legal investigations made during the year were 39 cases of suspected human poisoning. The results of the examinations are tabulated below :-

Results of Analysis.

No poison found

Opium found

Opium and Japanese Star Anise

Japanese Star Anise (Illicium Religiosum)...

Total,.

No. of Cases.

16

20

I

2

39

PUBLIC WATER SUPPLIES.

3. A considerable amount of attention was given to the water supplies during the year, especially during the time of greatest shortage. Samples of water from various new sources were examined as to their fitness for potable purposes and some were reported upon favourably.

In October a more elaborate system of water examination was instituted, samples being taken from each supply monthly, of both filtered and unfiltered water and also samples from the public mains. The object was to check the efficiency of the filters and also to ascertain the amount of contamination, if any, between the filter beds and the consumer.

DANGEROUS Goods.

4. Of petroleum oil and liquid fuel, 146 samples were tested during the year. The tanks of 47 steamers were tested for inflammable vapour with the Clowes-Redwood apparatus.

As a result of the new Dangerous Goods Regulations samples from consignments of petroleum do not require to be tested before the cargo may be discharged. Consequently the number of kerosene and fuel oil samples examined in future will be considerably less than has been the case in the past.

M (1) 51

FOOD AND Drugs.

5. The following table gives the results of 77 analyses made during the year at the instance of the Police and the Sanitary Department:

No. of Samples

Description.

Examined.

No. found Genuine.

No. found Adulterated.

Beer.

5

Brandy

0

Gin...

1

Port Wine..

1

1

Rum.....

2

2

Sherry

1

1

Stout

1

1

Whisky Milk..

7

56

6

50

omco000 - S

3

1

6

MINERALOGICAL.

6. The 280 samples of metals and ores examined during the year comprised the following:-

Metals.

1922. 1921.

Ores.

1922.

1921.

Alloys

1

0

Copper.

0

Antimony Arsenic

Gold

1

1

Iron

6

2

Bismuth Graphite

28

pray 67 00

1

1

2

1

27

2

Silver..

3

10

Iron

1

Steel

0

1

Lead

1

Tin

143

82

Manganese

15

Tungsten

0

1.

Silica.

1

Zine

11

0

Silver

3.

Shale

1

Tin

0

Wolfram

105

Zinc

0

Total,...... 165

100

Total,...... 115

158

M. (1) 52

SAMPLING.

7. The amount of sampling done during the year is shown in the following table:-

Anise Oil .....

Bismuth Ore.

500 cases. 3,382 slabs.

1,505 cases. Soy

24 bags.

Spelter

Camphor...

125 cases.

Tea Oil

2,960 cases.

Cassia Oil

1,605

Tin

87,620 slabs.

""

Lard

4,525

Wine Chinese .

557 bottles.

"}

Manganese

2,000 tons.

Wood Oil

9,519 cases.

Nitric acid

149 cases.

Wolfram

389 bags.

REVENUE.

8. The fees paid into the Treasury during the year amounted to $21,548.00 as against $22,143.50 in 1921.

The value of the years work as determined from the Tariff of Fees (Government Notification No. 439 of 1918) is $28,198.00 as against $31,083.50 in 1921.

LIBRARY.

9. Several standard works of reference have been added.

SPECIAL REPORTS.

10. Special Reports have been issued or supplied on the following subjects:-Mineral water manufacture, Chinese Wood Oil, Storage of Compressed Chlorine, Terne Plate containers, Sediment in Fuel Oil, Dangerous Trades Areas, Preservation of Timber, and Calcium calcium risks.

RESEARCH.

11. Tin in Wolfram.-The method worked out last year and mentioned in the last Report has been further tested on the samples sent for analysis and in every case very good agrement has been obtained, confirming the reliability of the method.

New Territory Waters.-The work on the village wells and spring waters of the New Territory mentioned in the last Report was completed some seventy samples in all being exhaustively examined. It is hoped that the results will be ready for publication shortly.

Camphor. Further work on Chinese camphor has been carried out and the results obtained have been compared with those of a firm of London analysts who will shortly publish a paper incorporating some of the figures obtained here. These cover chiefly the Iodine value of Camphor and the various Camphor Oils.

M (1) 53

Detection of Petroleum Traces. In the investigation of cases of suspected arson the question frequently arises as to the presence or otherwise of traces of kerosene in the charred material taken from burnt houses. No very delicate chemical test for petroleum lías been published. A piece of apparatus has been devised in this laboratory which depends on the use of oil-soluble dyes which will detect petroleum when present in the proportion of only 2 parts per million, and which is likely to be of considerable use in fire enquiries.

Kwong Tung Shales.- A chemical investigation into the com- position of shales in the Sun Ning district has commenced and is. still in progress.

STAFF,

12. No change has occurred in the staff during the year.

10th January, 1923.

E. R. DOVEY, Government Analyst.

- M (1) 54

THE OFFICE OF THE HEALTH OFFICER OF THE PORT.

REPORT BY DR. F.T. KEYT, Heath Officer of the Port,

I. BOARDING SHIPS AND QUARANTINE.

During the year inward-bound sea going vessels to the num- ber of 5,318 were visited, from each of these a certificate was obtained, signed by the master, giving particulars as to sickness, or deaths, during the voyage, the dates of leaving ports, and the number of passengers and crews, under sect: 22 (2) of the Merchant Shipping Ordinance of 1899.

286 ships arrived in quarantine from infected ports, the passengers and crews numbering 27,900 and 22,503 respectively, were examined before pratique was granted, under Table L. Sec. 23 of the same ordinance.

Eleven vessels were detained in quarantine, of these, eight were for small-pox, two for bubonic plague, and one for cholera.

The ports declared infected during the year were:-

1. Manila, for cholera, 12th January to 1st April. 2. Shanghai, for small-pox, 1st January to 3rd June. 3. Saigon, for cholera, 15th June to 7th September.

It is interesting to note that although cholera prevailed in epidemic form at Manila and Saigon, no cases were imported by ships arriving from these ports. Only one ship the S. S. Glymont" was detained in quarantine for observation and dis- infection, a doubtful case was landed at Saigon, before proceeding on her voyage, and when a definite diagnosis was made, a cable to this effect, was sent to Hongkong. There were no fresh cases.

Shanghai supplied four cases of small-pox, two in January and two in March and April, the ships were dealt with under the quarantine regulations, the passengers and crews were vaccinated, and the ships were fumigated with Clayton gas.

The S. S. "Haiching" from Chefoo and the S. S. "Kwei Yang" from Singapore, were placed in quarantine for plague, for the full period of five days, and were fumigated before being released.

II.- EMIGRATION.

The total number of emigrants was 98,410, showing a decrease of 57,594 on the total for the previous year.

Under sections 25-28 of the Asiatic Emigration Ordinance, all asiatic steerage passengers embarking on outward bound vessels, and their crews require to be examined by the Port Health Officer, and those who are medically unfit are rejected, and sent ashore, There were 1,036 rejections, of these 475 were for fevers, 395 for trachoma, 91 for scabies, and 75 for other causes.

- M (1) 55

During the strike, which paralysed the shipping of the port, from mid-January till 6th March only nine ships were examined, with 1,843. emigrants, while in April the number increased to 16,779, and kept at a high level, with a drop in August and September. These are the months of the rice harvest, which affords sufficient inducement to keep labourers at home, for field work.

Asiatic steerage passengers may by classified under three headings:--

1. Free emigrants.

2. Assisted emigrants.

3. Women and children.

1. Free emigrants are passengers who are not under any contract of service, they pay their own passages, and are at liberty to return where they choose. They earn a living as shop keepers and petty traders, in preference to manual labour.

2. Assisted emigrants are engaged to labour for hire, by contract, and their passages are paid by their employers. The period of engagement varies from one to three years, and they find work in the tin mines and rubber plantations of the Straits- Settlements, Java, and Sumatra, in the oil fields of Borneo, and the phoshate deposits of Nairung and Christmas Island.

3. Women and children-these are the wives and families of both free and assisted emigrants, some women. however travel independently, and find work as domestic servants, seamstresses, and field labourers.

During the year there were :—

72,876 Free emigrants.

4,963 Assisted emigrants.

20,571 Women and children.

Table I gives the numbers of emigrants passed and rejected, and their ports of destination.

Table II shows the numbers of emigrants and of the crews, dealt with month by month.

Table III gives the causes of rejection.

Table IV shows the number of ships detained in quarantine, with the causes, dates, and periods of detention.

Table V gives the total number of ships examined in quarantine, and the numbers of their passengers and crews.

There were no changes on the staff, during the year I was assisted by Dr. B. H. Mellon, the second Health Officer of the Port.

F. T. KEYT, Heath Officer of the Port.

- M (1) 36

Table I.

Emigration Passes and Rejections for 1922.

Ports of Destination.

Passed.

Crews.

Rejected.

Straits of Settlements

51,164

12,285

339

United States of America

6,851

19,642

168

Canada

7,663

12,555

115

Honolulu

7,690

132

Australia

2,012

2,251

58

Dutch East Indies

13,861

4,532

131

British Borneo

2,680

1,671

23

South America

1,102

1,204

19

Mauritius

875

365

7

Jamaica

442

209

South Sea Islands

759

43

Belawan Deli

2,988

2,162

28

Cuba, Panama Mexico..

247

South Africa...............

76

196

Total.......

98,410

57,115

1,036

Table II.

Showing monthly returns of emigrants crews and rejections.

Months.

Emigrants. Crews.

Rejections.

January

February

5,825

3,092

18

1,843

2,112

13

March

11,818

3,817

59

April.

16,779

5,432

103

May June

11,248

5,585

127

7.811

6,156

95

July

7,089

5,507

109

August

5,477

5,523

72

September

6.898

4,921

97

October.....

8,767

4,995

139

November

9,129

6,366

107

December

5,726

3,609

67

Total......

98,410

57,115

1,036

M (1) 57-

Table III.

Showing Causes of Rejections of Emigrants.

Skin Diseases

Scabies

Tinea Ichthyosis Other forms Eye Diseases-

Trachoma Conjunctivitis

Other forms

Deformities

Fevers....

Anæmia

Debility

Diseases.

Enlargement of the Spleen

Jaundice....

Heart Disease

Tuberculosis

Enlargement of lymphatic glands

Syphilis

Leprosy

Measles

Insanity

Numbers Rejected.

91

21

1

9

475

442

395

1

2457ANA

6

1

1

1

Total......

1,036

Table IV.

Showing the number of ships, detained in quarantine with causes, dates and period of detention.

Name of Vessel.

'Kwang Lee

"}

Port.

Cases.

Causes.

Date of Arrival.

Date of release.

Shanghai,

1

Small-pox,

1st Jan., 1922.

"Historian

Port Said,

1

66

Sinkiang

}}

Shanghai,

1.

6th Jan., 1922.

29th Jan., 1922.

3rd Jan., 1922.

8th Jan., 1922.

""

"Unda

“Kwong Sai”

"Szechuen

"Lake Onawa

1

"}

}}

Canton,

1

16th March, 1922.

13th April, 1922.

31st Jan., 1922.

17th Mar., 1922.

14th April, 1922.

ê

""

Shanghai,

23rd April, 1922.

25th April, 1922.

>>

""

Saigon,

2nd May, 1922.

3rd May, 1922.

""

"

Changsha

""

Manila,

1

11th May, 1922.

12th May, 1922.

""

“ Hai Hong

"}

Chefoo,

Plague,

31st May, 1922.

5th June, 1922.

"Glymont

""

Saigon,

Cholera,

-

6th June, 1922.

7th June, 1922.

"Kwei Tang

""

Singapore,

1

Plague,

29th July, 1922.

3rd Aug., 1922.

:

M (1) 59

A p

Table V.

Showing numbers of Passengers, Crews and Ships arriving in

Quarantine each month.

Months.

No, of Passengers.

No. of Crews.

No. of Ships.

+

January

3,473

4,620

58

February

77

615

13

March.....

3,299

2,863

38

April

5,186

3,713

46

May

4,370

4,577

52

June

2,379

991

14

July

2,236

1,384

17

August

5,206

2,807

34

September

1,611

903

13

October

November

63

30

December

Total.......

27,900

22.503

286

Nomenclature,

M (1) 61

Table I.

Diseases and Deaths in 1922 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

Remain- ing in Hospital

Deaths. Treated. on 31st

Dec., 1922.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Yearly Total.

Total

Cases

Remain- ing in Hospital

Admis sions.

Deaths, Treated.

on 31st

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st

Yearly Total.

Total Cases

Remain- ing in Hospital

Admis-

Dec., 1922. Dec., 1921.

sions.

Deaths. Treated. on 31st

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st

Admis-

Dec., 1922, Dec., 1921,

sions.

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1921.

DISEASES CAUSED BY INFECTION.

Chicken-pox

Diphtheria

Dengue

Dysentery :-

(a) Protozoa!

(b) Bacillary

Enteric Fever:-

Ι

: ܗ:

3

16 3

19

2

8

52

3

:

༢ ༠༠

52

3

27

(a) Typhoid fever...

19

(b) Paratyphoid fever

8

Erysipelas

2

Gonococcal infection

135

Influenza.

355

Leprosy :-

(a) Nodular

(b) Anæsthetic

Madura Disease

- 10

20

w

:::

::

140 356

1

20:

NO

9

452

27

:

:

:

:

30 00 -

:

1 00 00

3

3

ོ ཡ ོ

: "

:: ༠ ༠

1

1

6

29

24

29

Malaria

(a) Benign tertian

9

(b) Sub-tertian

452

(e) Malarial Cachexia

23

(d) Quartan....

Measles

Meningococcal Infection :--

(a) Cerebro-Spinal Fever

Mumps

Plague...

~ :

9

93

~

::

9

93

12 45

12

45

Pyogenic Infection- Abscess

Osteomyelitis

Pyæmia

Pyrexia of uncertain Origin

Relapsing fever

...

2

2

44

44

13

13

1

5

Rabies...

N

2

Carried forward.

15

1,173 60 1,188

23

70

ΤΟ

183

183

1

Nomenclature.

M (1) 62

'Table I,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1922 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st [Dec., 1921.]

Yearly Total.

Admis- sions.

Total Cases Deaths. Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1922. Dec., 1921.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Yearly Total.

on 31st

Admis- sions,

Total Cases Deaths, Treated. on 31st

Remain- ing in Hospital Hospital |

on 31st ¡Dec., 1922. Dec., 1921,

Remain

ing in Yearly Total.

Total

Admis-

sions. Deaths.

Cases Treated.'

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1922.

60

1,188

23

:

:

ΤΟ

70

:

183

1 183

1

:

:

::

Small-pox

Septicemia.

Brought forward................ 15 1,173

::

2

:-

2

:

Syphilis :-

a) Acquired

10

154

6

164

(b) Congenital

18

Tetamus

3

Tuberculosis

40

хло

18

3

46

LO

5

Whooping cough

Rabies

Rheumatic fever................

DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS

SYSTEM.

Diseases of the Nerves :-

Inflammation :—

() Localised

(b) Multiple

Discases of the Spinal Cord :—

Inflammation (Myelitis).. Degeneration

Tabes dorsalis..

Courussion

Discases of the Cerebral Meninges

Inflammation

Tuberculosis

Diseases of the Brain :-

Inflammation

Concussion

Haemorrhage

Apoplexy

Paraplegia

Chorea.

::

3

23

1

1

:

:

8

23

2:

2

:

www

1

20

-5

2

1

Carried forward.............. 33 1,461

91 1,494 33

:

::

73

I-

2

:

2

:

~

::

:

::

...

...

:

:

196

196

3

M (1) 63

Table I,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1922 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Nomenclature.

Remain-

ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1921.

Yearly Total.

Admis- sions.

Total Cases Deaths. Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Remain-

ing in Yearly Total. Total

Hospital

on 31st

Admis- |Dec., 1922.[Dec., 1921. sions.

on 31st

Deaths.

Cases Treated.

Remain- Remain-

ing in

ing in Hospital Hospital

on Bist

Admis- on 31st Dec., 1922, Dec., 1921.;

sions,

Yearly Total. Total

Cases Deaths. Treated

Remain-

ing in Hospital on 31st ¡Dec., 1922.

Brought forward...... 33 1,461

91

1,194

33

73

:

73

:..

:

..

196

1

196

Diseases of the Brain,-Continued.

Vertigo

Epilepsy

Migraine

Neurasthenia

Hysteria

3

20 10 10 3 m

0 110 10 50

Hemiplegia

4

4

}

3

Ophthalmoplegia interna

Mental Diseases :--

Idiocy

Mania

Melancholia....

Dementia.....

Delusional Insanity..

General paralysis of the Insane

Diseases of the Eye :-

Conjunctivitis.

Blepharitis

Iritis

Trachoma

Keratitis

Pterygium

Entropion

Optic nerve atrophy

Cataract

Diseases of the Ear :-

Iuflammation of ext. meatus

Otitis media (acute)

Mastoiditis

Chronic catarrh of middle ear

""

suppuration

Diseases of the Nose:

Adenoids

"

""

Polypus.

Sarcoma

Epistaxis.

Curried forward...... 36

130 130 N N

101-

༤ f

34

1082

10 0 01

1

...

1,583

93 1,619 : 39

:

:ཨ::

Nii Ni

88

88

:

:

1

204

1

204

3

Nomenclature.

M (1) 64

Table 1,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1922 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

1

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

Dec., 1921.

Admis-

sions.

Remain-

Remain- ing in

ing in Hospital Hospital on 31st Deaths. Treated.

on 31st Dec., 1922. Dec., 1921.

Yearly Total.

Total Cases

Remain- in in Hospital

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital on 1st

on Hist Dec., 1922, Dec., 1921.

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

Remain-

ing in Hospital

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Treated,

on 31st Dec., 1922.

36

1,583 93 1,619

39

88

:

888

204

1

204

3

Brought forward

Diseases of the Circulatory System:-

Endocarditis

Myocarditis, fatty degeneration.......

Mitral valve

Aortic valve

Dilatation of heart...

Aortitis

Aneurysm

53 15 01 00 05 10

NOT GO W LO

Hyperpiesis..

Varix

1

1

Thrombosis of Veins

3

3

1

4

Sinus arrhythmia

Syncope

Diseases of the Blood:-

Anaemia

Chlorosis

Pernicious Anaemia

Leukaemia

Diseases of the Spleen :-

Splenomegaly

Rupture

Diseases of the Lymphatic System:-

Inflammation of LymphaticGlands

Suppuration of

""

Tuberculosis of

""

Elephantiasis

::

...

2

I

::

1

1

1

1

1

1

:

43

1

22

23

21

19

20

1

1

8

::

2

::

1

}

:

::

1

Laryngitis.

6

6

Fibrosis of lung

::

::

Carried forward...... 40 1,699

100

1,739 42

98

98

1

217

2

218

3

Carcinoma

Diseases of Endocrine Glands :-

(a) Exophthalmic goitre (b) Goitre

Diseases of the Respiratory System:-

Nomenclature.

-

M (1) 65

Table 1,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1922 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

Remain-

ing in Yearly Total. Total

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain-

ing in Yearly Total.

Total

Hospital

Cases

Remain- ing in Hospital

Hospital

on 31st

Dec., 1921.

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Treated

on 31st

on 31st

Admis-

Dec., 1922, Dec., 1921.,

Deaths. sions.

Cases Preated.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Remain-

ing in Hospital

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

on 31st

on 31st Dec., 1922. Dec., 1921.

Admis- sions,

Deaths, Treated

Remain-

ing in Hospital on 31st ¡Dec., 1922.

Brought forward...... 40 1,699 100

1,739

42

Diseases of the Respiratory

System, Continued.

Pleurodynia.

Bronchitis (Acute)

Asthma

Pneumonia (Lobar)

""

(Lobular)

Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Gangrene of lung

Pleurisy

Empyema

Hæmoptysis

:།:།

Diseases of the Teeth and Gums:-

Dental caries

Gum-boil......

Pyorrhoea alveolaris

Gingivitis

Cancrum Oris.

Alveolar Abscess

Diseases of the Digestive System:-

:

107

110

55

57

67

20

70

6

35

23

35

92

30

94

5

1

10

12

I

2

5

5

2

10

:

2

2

:

:

:

98

1

98

Stomatitis

Necrosis of Jaw

Tonsillitis

2

12

12

1

12

1 13 10

Glossitis

Pharyngitis

1

10

10

Gastritis

Gastric Ulcer

34

38

9

Haematemesis

Indigestion Enteritis Appendicitis

Colitis

2

58

59

3

34

35

26

26

Gall stones

2

2

Sprue

9

10

2

Hernia inguinal

16

Diarrhoea...

34

Constipation

51

1

Colic

6

Carried forward...... 67 2,403 189 2,470

63

3833

::

:

H

1

217

129

129

:

:

- co:

1

218

1

:

00:00 -

11.

12

1

266

6

270

Co

M (1) 66

Table 1,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1922 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

...

...

2

Nomenclature.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Remain-

ing in Hospital on 31st ¡Dec., 1921.

Yearly Total. Total

Admis-

sions. Deaths. Treated.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Cases

Remain- Remain-

ing in

ing in Hospital Hospital

on 31st

on 31st Admis- Dec., 1922. Dec., 1921. sions,

Yearly Total. Total

Cases Deaths, Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st on 31st Dec., 1922. Dec., 1921,

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

ing in

Cases

Hospital

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Treated._ on 31st

Dec., 1922.

Brought forward.....

67 2,403 189 2,470

63

:

129

1

129

1

266

6 270

3

උත්ථ - උය

**

3

14

4 4

20

23

2

7

:

13

5

14

2

10

12

3

Diseases of the Digestive System,—

Contd.

Herpes labialis

Liver abscess

Hypertrophy of the tonsils

Vomiting of pregnancy

Fissure of the anus

Fistula in ano

Haemorrhoids

Hepatitis

Cirrhosis of liver

Jaundice

Cholecystitis

Peritonitis-acute general

Prolapse of rectum..

Ascites

Dilatation of stomach..

Gastroptosis

Pancreatitis, acute

Inflammation of rectum.

Stricture of rectum

Umbilical fistula..

Duodenal ulcer

Duodenal catarrh

1

1

Rupture of liver

Obstruction of intestines

Imperforate anus

Diseases due to Disorders of Nutrition

or of Metabolism

Inanition ....

Diabetes mellitus

Scurvy...

عمر

:~

1

6

6

58

44

:

:

CO LO 2

:

-:

5

2

:

:

:

::

Generation :-

Phimosis

2

15

17

:

Stricture of urethra

9

9

1

Carried forward......

79 2,612

2,612 223 2,691 73

Beri-beri

Rickets

Diseases of the Male Organs of

Gont

:

...

10 10:

...

:

INN

...

::

15

15

:

143

143

286

8

290

3

M (1) 67

Table I,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1922 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

4

286

290

3

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Nomenclature.

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1921.

Yearly Total.

Total

Cases

Remain- ing in Hospital

Admis- sions.

Deaths, Treated.

on 31st Dec., 1922, Dec., 1921.

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st

Yearly Total. Total

Admis- sions.

Cases Deaths. Treated.

ing in ing in Hospital Hospital on 31st on 31st Dec., 1922, Dec., 1921.}

Remain- Remain Yearly Total.

Total Cases

Remain- ing in Hospital

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Treated.

on sist

¡Dec., 1922.

Brought forward.......

79 |2,612

225 2,691

73

1

143

1

143

10 10 10 00 01 -

心心

2

← 10 30 ANN

:

Diseases of the Male Organs of

Generation, Contd.

Soft Sore

Varicocele

Prostatic hypertrophy

Inflammation of Scrotum

Hydrocele

Orchitis

Epididymitis

Diseases of the Female Organs of

Generation :-—

Tuflammation of the Ovary

Salpingitis...

Endometritis

Erosion of the Cervix

Spurious Pains

Vaginal fisulae

Amenorrhoea

Dysmenorrhoea

Menorrhagia

Abortion

Prolapse of ovary Puerperal Septicaemia Mastitis

Prolapse of uterus

Post partum hæmorrhage Retroversion of uterus Parturition

Fibroid of uterus. Pregnancy

Puerperal insanity. Perforation of uterus. Adherent placenta Rupture of perineum Diseases of the Organs of

Locomotion :-

Coxa Vara Osteitis

I

...

:

2

57

::

1

:

1

ལ:

...

10

Carried forward......

84 2,694

231

2,778

::

:

::

::

....

...

1

151

1

151

:

:

:

:

:

...

287

8

291

3

Nomenclature.

M (1) 68 -

Table I,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1922 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

4

287

8 291

3

Remain-

ing in Yearly Total.

Total

Hospital

on 31st

'Dec., 1921.

Admis- sions.

Cases Deaths. Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st

on 31st Dec., 1922. Dec., 1921.

Yearly Total. Total

Admis- sions.

Remain- ing in Cases Hospital Deaths. Treated.__ on 31st

¡Dec.,

Remain-

ing in Hospital on 31st 1922. Dec, 1921.

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

Remain- ing in Hospital

Admis-

sions.

Deaths. Treated,

on 31st

Dec., 1972.

842,694

231 2,778

77

Brought forward.......

Diseases of the Organs of

Locomotion,- Continued:-

Osteo-Myelitis.... Synovitis....

Fibrositis,

Myalgia

Lumbago.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Arthritis...

Bursitis

Diseases of the Areolar tissue :-

Cellulitis

Abscess

Carbuncle

Diseases of the Skm:-

1

11

12

1

15

1

402

1

151

~

119

14

123

6

164

173

8

24

26

151

::

:

:

2

1

::

1

2

4

OOH

224

Boils.......

Urticaria

Eczema

1

26

27

3

3

Impetigo

Tinea

Scabies

1

37

Paronychia

10

Ingrowing toe nail

N**NON

3

∞ ∞ ∞

3

38

3

10

2

2

Pemphigus vulgaris

Pellagra

Erythema

1

Callosity

Ulcer

Discases of the Urinary Organs :-

Nephritis, Acute......

>>

Chronie

Concretion in calyces..

Cystitis

Haematuria

:

3

4

1

Co

:

:

:.

:..

9

9

10

10

I

3

1

8

N

8

1

1

19

20

1

15

16

11

11

3

3

1

:

Enuresis

Chyluria

Retention of urine

3

...

Curried forward......

109 3,236

252 3,345

99

:

:

168

168

::

:

3

:

3

:.

3

:

:

5

317

8

322

Nomenclature.

M (1) 69

Table I,-(Continued),

Diseases and Deaths in 1922 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital on Bist Dec., 1921.

Yearly Total.

Total

Admis sions.

Remain- Remain-

ing in

ing in Cases Hospital Hospital Deaths. Treated. Dec., 1922. Dec., 1921.

on 31st

on 31st

Yearly Total. Total

Admis- sions.

Remain- in in Cases Hospital Deaths. Treated, on 1st

Remain- ing in Hospital on Bist * ¡Dec., 1922. Dec., 1921.

Yearly Total. Total

Remain-

Clases

ing in Hospital

Admis- Mions.

Deaths. Treated on 31st

Duc,, 1922,

1093,236

252

| 3,345

99

168

168

5

317

322

5

Brought forward.....

Discases of the Urinary Organs, -

Contd.

Perineal fistula

Hydronephrosis

Stricture of urethra

General Injuries:-

Burns

Scalds

Multiple Injuries. Sunstroke Drowning

Local Injuries:--

Abrasion

Wounds, Incised...

Contused

">

27

Lacerated Stab......

دو

وو

Gun shot

Contusions Cut Throat Dog bite

:

~ ~ ~

10 01 N

23

42

43

58 19

54

∞o - Xxt &

NKCI

23

1

60

62

130

131

NIN

82

84

140

140

9

31

31

2

38

5

38

4

17

Snake bite

Sprain

3

Fracture- Skull

2

20

27

1

"

Jaw, lower

""

Spine.....

1

Ribs

;"

Clavicle.

N

"S

::

3

Scapula Humerus Radius

12

13

19

""

Ulna

1

19

1

"}

Pelvis

1

39

Femur

2

20

Tibia

23

Fibula

6

Patella

Carried forward...... 125

4,021

323 4,146

133

169

2

169

328

Nomenclature.

M (1) 70 -

Table 1,-(Continued):

Diseases and Deaths in 1922 at the Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL."

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st ¡Dec., 1921.

Yearly Total.

Admis- sions.

Remain- Total

ing in Cases Hospital Hospital

on 31st Deaths. Treated. un 31st

Dec., 1922. Dec., 1921.

Remain-

ing in Yearly Total. Total

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Cases Treated

Remain- ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1922. Dec., 1921.

Remain-

ing in Hospital

Yearly Total. Total

: Remain-

on 31st

Admis

sions.

Cases Deaths. Treated.

ing in Hospital on 31st Dec., 1922.

1254,021

323 4,146 133

169- 2

169

5

328

8 333

Brought forward......

Local Injuries,-Contd.

Fracture-Phalanges..

"2

""

Nasal bone

Ös Caleis

Dislocations

Ruptured Kidney

3

2

10 00

2

1

10

10

1

Rupture of urethra

4

Tumours and Cysts

5

97

13

102

3

Malformations..........

1

8

9

Poisons-Opin

14

14

Aleobol

25

25

1

">

Star anise

1

29

Datura

1

""

Metol

Arsenions acid

"}

Promaine

:

::

bricoides ...

16

16

Ankylostoma

duodenale... Tænia solium Filaria

10.00

3

10.00

3

bancrofti

Animal Parasites-Ascaris lum-

1

:-ཉ

1

2

54

56

47

47

:

:.

1

:

::

:

TOTAL....

134 4,313 3404,447

140

178

2

178

Malingering

In attendance

Under Observation.

:

2

זה

:

1

:

:

2

:

10

5: 3:

:

15

15

10

12:2

5

357

362

M (1) 71 -

Table I.

Diseases and Deaths in 1922 at the Tung Wah Hospital,

Remain-

Remain-

Yearly Total. -

ing in

Total

ing in

DISEASES.

Hospital

Cases

Hospital

at end of

Admis-

Deaths.

Treated. at end of

1921.

sious.

1922.

Diseases Caused by Infection :—

Chicken-pox................

Diphtheria

(a) Protozoal

Dysentery :-

(b) Bacillary Enteric Fever :- (a) Typhoid

(b) Para-typhoid.

Gonococcal infection

Influenza

Leprosy :--

(a) Anaesthetic

(b) Nodular

Malaria:

(a) Quartan-

(b) Benign tertian

(c) Sub-tertian

(d) Malarial Cachexia

Measles....

Meningococcal Infection :-

(a) Cerebro-spinal fever

Plague

Septicæmia

Syphilis :-

(a) Acquired

200

7

5

322

124

327

6

1

15

490

ོ། ཀྲ-

18

14

18

30

21

30

61

61

3

:

54

505

9

12

12

1

...

(b) Congenital..

Tetanus

Tuberculosis (General)

Diseases of the Nervous System :—

Diseases of the Nerves

Diseases of the Spinal Cord

Diseases of the cerebral meninges:-

(a) Tuberculosis

4. Diseases of the Brain

(a) Apoplexy

(b) Paralysis

(c) Epilepsy......

17

321

464

4

347

252 220 25

15

51

༦ལུ་ ུ

338

43

11

2

19

16

410

17

25

351

2

31

སིདྡྷསྶ

22

I

464

20

13

32

7

3

219

37

222

:

50

:=

10

7 181

7

~

120

191

00

8

Carried forward,.

55

2,662

955

2,717

62

<

M (1) 72-

Table 1,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1922 at the Tung Wah Hospital.

Remain-

Remain-

ing in

Yearly Total.

Total

ing in

DISEASES.

Hospital

Cases

Hospital

at end of

1921.

Admis sions.

Deaths.

Treated. at end of

1922.

Brought forward,

Mental Diseases

Diseases of the Eve

Diseases of the Ear..

11223

55

2.662

955

2,717

62

9

9

4

112

116

10

12

14

...

3

Diseases of the Nose

Diseases of the Circulatory System :-

(a) Valvular (mitral)

(b) Valvular (aortic)

(c) Dilatation

(d) Aneurysm

Diseases of the Spleen :-

(a) Splenomegaly

Diseases of the Lymphatic System

(a) luflammation of lymphatic

glands....

(b) Tuberculosis of lymphatic

glands

Diseases of the Endocrine Glands:-

1. Thyroid Gland :—

(a) Exophthalmic Goitre

Diseases of the Respiratory System:

(a) Bronchitis

(6) Asthma

c) Pneumonia (lobar-

2

10

0755

4 2

10758

10

10

:

24

24

:

16

1

16

2

1

1

1

27

308

98

335

3i

10

10

6

262

123

268

190

106

190

39

617

333

656

29

(d) Pneumonia (lobular)

(c) Pulmonary tuberculosis

(a) Pyorrhoea

Diseases of the Teeth and Gums :-

(b) Alveolar abscess

Diseases of the Digestive System :-

(a) Diseases of le alimentary

tract

(b) Diseases of the liver......

(c) Diesases of the gall-bladder

and duets

(d) Discurs of the peritoneum...

~ +

12

367

96

379

19

26

12

26

2;。1

2 2

2

2

2

Carried forward,..

145

4,664 1,737

4,809

160

M (1) 73

Table I,-Continued.

Diseases and Deaths in 1922 at the Tung Wah Hospital.

Remain-

Remain-

DISEASES.

ing in Hospital

Yearly Total.

Total

ing in

Cases

Hospital

at end of Admis-

Deaths.

Treated. at end of

1921.

sions.

1922.

Brought forward,

Diseases due to Disorders of Nutrition

145

4,664

1,737

4,809

160

Diseases of the Female Organs of

Generation

Diseases of the Organs of Locomotion:-

(a) Osteo-myelitis

(b) Synovitis

(c) Myalgia.

(d) Lumbago

(e) Rheumatoid arthritis..

Diseases of the Areolar Tissue:-

(a) Inflammation..........

(b) Abscess

(c) Carbuncle

Diseases of the Skin

Diseases of the Urinary Organs :—

(a) Nephritis (Chronic)

(b) Cystitis

(c) Calculus.....

General Injuries

*

(a) Burns and scalds

Local Injuries :—

(a) Wounds

(b) Fractures

Tumours and cysts Poisons:-

(a) Opium

or of Metabolism :-

(a) Beri-beri

29

817

374

846

29.

Diseases of

the Male Organs of

Generation

32

32

2

44

45

į

34

34

3

3

3

18

18

~

40

42

81

81

2

32

481

513

49

19

19

;

16

16

:

11

228

36

239

16

2

2

16

16

1

:

23

23

1

14.

125

43

5

46

:

::

139

36

51

4

58

59

1

2

174

36

176

9

Animal Parasites :-

(a) Ascaris lumbricoides

4

(b) Ankylostoma duodenale

13

13

(c) Filaria bancrofti

1

1

Parturition

14

1,003

3

1,017

11

Old age......

I

133

73

134

6

Total,..

257

8,079

2,267 8,336

336

M (1) 74

Table II.

Showing the Admissions and Mortality in the Tung Wah Hospital during the year 1922, with the proportion of cases treated by Western and Chinese methods respectively.

DISEASES.

Diseases Caused by Infection :—

Chicken-pox

Diphtheria

Dysentery :--

(a) Protozoal

(b) Bacillary

Enteric Fever:

(a) Typhoid

(6) Para-typhoid

Gonococcal infection

Influenza.

Leprosy :-

(a) Anaesthetic.

(b) Nodular

Malaria:

(a) Quartan

(b) Benign tertian

(c) Sub-tertian

(d) Malarial cachexia

Measles

Meningococcal Infection :-

(a) Cerebro-spinal fever

Plague.....

Septicaemia..

Syphilis :-

(a) Acquired

(b) Congenital

Tetanus

Tuberculosis (General)

Diseases of the Nervous System :-

1. Diseases of the Nerves......

2. Diseases of the Spinal Cord.......

3. Diseases of the cerebral meninges

(a) Tuberculosis......

4. Diseases of the Brain :

WESTERN TREATMENT.

CHINESE TREATMENT.

Admis- sions.

Admis-

Deaths.

Deaths.

sions.

2

26

142

38

185

1

6

86

:.

49

214

10 00 94

19

291

2222

13

20

15

12

26

12

1

4

107

13

31

10.00

2

6

9

5

218

201

2

247

2

2

12

12

3

:ལ ༤ ཙ: |:- ཡ

42-2

231

41

12

13

13

11

246

209

16

15

104

11

20

19

4

112

11

110

26

3

2

2

5

86

61

105

59

2

:

(a) Apoplexy

(b) Paralysis

(e) Epilepsy

Carried forward,...........

1,280

391

1,437

564

M (1) 75

-

Table II,-(Continued).

Showing the Admissions and Mortality in the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1922, with the proportion of cases treated by Western and Chinese methods respectively.

DISEASES.

WESTERN TREATMENT.

CHINESE TREATMENT.

Admis- sions.

Admis-

Deaths.

Deaths.

sions.

Brought forward,........

1,280

391

1,437

564

Mental Diseases.

Diseases of the Eye

ི་ྲ

9

109

Diseases of the Ear

7

6

Diseases of the Nose

Diseases of the Circulatory System :-

(a) Valvular (mitral)

(b) Valvular (aortic) (c) Dilatation

(d) Aneurysm

Diseases of the Spleen

(a) Splenomegaly.

43

6

4

1

11

13

1

9

2

N N

4

:

:

1

1

142

39

193

59

3

7

121

47

147

98

50

92

347

186

309

18:38

76

56

147

Diseases of the Lymphatic System :-

(a) Inflammation of lymphatic glands................ (b) Tuberculosis of lymphatic glands..

Diseases of the Endocrine Glands :-

1. Thyroid Gland :-

----

(a) Exophthalmic Goitre.....

Diseases of the Respiratory System

(a) Bronchitis.

(b) Asthma

(c) Pneumonia (lobar)

(d) Pneumonia (lobular)

(e) Pulmonary tuberculosis

Diseases of the Teeth and Gums

(a) Pyorrhoea

(b) Alveolar abscess....

24

Diseases of the Digestive System :—

(a) Diseases of the alimentary tract

153

31

226

65

(b) Diseases of the liver

17

9

9

co

3

(c) Diseases of the gall-bladder and ducts..' (d) Diseases of the peritoneum

2

Diseases due to Disorders of Nutrition or of

Metabolism :--

(a) Beri-beri

469

228

377

146

Diseases of the Male Organs of Generation

25

7

Curried forward,

2,826

987

2,861

1,124

M (1) 76

Table II, (Continued).

Showing the Admissions and Mortaility in the Tung Wah Hospital during the year 1922, with the proportion of cases treated by Western and Chinese methods respectively.

DISEASES.

Brought forward..

WESTERN TREATMENT.

CHINESE TREATMENT.

Admis- sions.

Admis-

Deaths.

Deaths.

sions.

2,826

987

2,861

1.124

Diseases of the Female Organs of Generation....

Diseases of the Organs of Locomotion :-

(a) Osteo-myelitis

17

4

28

2

(b) Synovitis

(c) Myalgia

...

31

2

(d) Lumbago

17

(e) Rheumatoid arthritis

34

1

Diseases of the Areolar Tissue :-

(a) Inflammation

(b) Abscess

302

(c) Carbuncle.....

Diseases of the Skin

B247

68

13

}

211

14

1

5

9

Diseases of the Urinary Organs :-

(b) Cystitis.....

(c) Calculus

(a) Nephritis (Chronic).....

General Injuries :-

Local Injuries

105

14

134

22

2

16

(a) Burns and scalds..............

19

:

:

(a) Wounds

48

91

(b) Fractures

8

43

Tumours and cysts....

39

2

20

Poisons :-

(a) Opium

53

15

123

21

Animal Parasites :—

(a) Ascaris lumbricordes

4

(b) Ankylostoma duodenale

9

(c) Filaria bancrofti

1

Parturition..

1,017

Old age

59

33

75

40

Total,......

4,622

1,056

3,714

1,211

-- M (1) 77

A

DISEASE AND DEATHS IN 1922 SHOWING THE ADMISSIONS AND MORTALITY IN THE KWONG WA HOSPITAL WITH THE PROPORTION OF CASES TREATED BY EUROPEAN AND CHINESE METHODS RESPECTIVELY.

Remaining in Hospital at

the end of

ADMISSIONS.

DEATHS.

DISEASES.

1921 1922

European

treatment.

Chinese

treatment.

Total.

European

treatment.

Chinese

treatment.

Total.

CAUSED BY INFECTIONS.

Diphtheria

Dysentery... Enteric:-

(a) Typhoid fever

Gonorrhoea

Influenza

соло

10

12

38

39 85

2113

8

S

18

21

39

3

...

1

11

་ལ

4

3

1

1

31

...

రా

2

135

127

271

86

38.

124

Leprosy

3

3

...

Malaria

7

3

124

121

252

35

90

Malarial Cachexia

14

7

24

7

4

11

Measles

1

:

1

1

Meningococcal Infection:-

Cerebral Spinal Fever.

1

13

1

15

10

1

11

+

Mumps

2

2

...

Plague

188

188

169

169

Septicaemia

1

1

1

...

Small Pox..

1

2

...

...

Tetanus...

""

""

Eye

Ear

""

""

""

"

""

""

"

female

>>

Syphilis (a) acquired

Tuberculosis

Diseases of the Nervous System.

Circulatory System... Respiratory

Diseases due to disorders of Nutrition

of the male organs of generative..!

,, organs of Locomotion.

16

21

181

100

297

12

22

64

1

2

3

1

1

2

4

104

32

138

44

16

60

20

65

8

93

15

3

18

17

21

:

6

6

...

6

90 66

164 39

21

27

455

472

948 240

162

22

22

61

402

Digistive

""

"

9

8

254

175 438

65

54

119

18

38

184

123

325 56

56

i

112

10

12

22

...

20

12

32

35

4

8

31

19

54

NN

2

11

Skins......

13

1

41

12

66

Urinary System

12

182

136

327

51

42

93

Areolar Tissues

9

52

173

14

196

8

"}

General Injuries

3

28

1

30

::

Local Injuries

18

18

239

43

300

50

6 56

New growth:-

(a) non Malignant

1

نا

6

...

(b) Malignant

20

20

10

Poisons

Animal parasites

Parturitions

10

1

11

18

1

19

24

6

717

741

ONOM

10

2

9

3

WONO

Total.....

206

| |

218 3,407 1,541 5,154 1,004

484 1,488

M (1). 78

TABLE OF CASES TREATED AT THE GOVERNMENT DISPENSARY,

KOWLOON.

DISEASES.

DISEASES CAUSED BY INFECTION.

Chicken-pox

Dengue

Dysentery..

Enteric Fever :-

Number of Number of

Patients 1922.

Patients

1921.

8

1

58

61

(a) Typhoid

3

Erysipelas....

1

1

Gonorrhoea

Influenza

215

160

408

201

Leprosy

1

2

Malaria....

371

228

Measles.

18

Mumps

40

51

Meningococcal Infection :-

Cerebro-spinal Fever

3

Plague

3

Pyrexia of unknown origin

0

23

Syphilis :-

(a) Acquired

(b) Congenital

Tuberculosis......

Whooping Cough..

234

218

30

3

386

109

49

12

DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM.

Diseases of the Nerves :-

Neuritis

44

15

Diseases of the cerebral meninges:-

Meningitis

DISEASES OF THE BRAIN.

Hydocephalus congenital

Apoplexy

1

Paralysis

Neuralgia

5

31

Hysteria

16

2

Carried forward......

1,888

1.161

M (2) 79 -

TABLE OF CASES TREATED AT THE GOVERNMENT DISPENSARY,

KOWLOON,-Continued.

DISEASES.

Number of Number of

Patients

Patients

1922.

1921.

Brought forward.......

1,888

1,161

DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS

SYSTEM, Continued.

Diseases of the Eye

4,410

2,061

Ear

1,497

>>

767

Nose

47

54

"

""

Circulatory System

12

25

Blood

145

43

"

>>

Respiratory System

1,549

1,135

>>

>>

Digestive System

1,447

1,016

""

""

Lymphatic System...

34

146

19

Urinary System.....

158

36

29

Male Organs of generation

14

21

13

"

Female Organs of generation

113

81

"}

Organs of Locomotion

615

308

Areolar Tissue

>>

5,108

3,469

Skin

""

"

2,732

2,173

Local

"

Diseases due to Disorders of Nutrition

Injuries, General

Poisous-Chronic Opium

Parasites:-

(a) Auimal

(b) Vegetable

New Growth non-malignant

Vaccinations

Physical Examinations

173

146

339

2

1,819

1,879

16

2

829

535

́ 179

137

57

1,385

510

202

131

Total.....

24,768

15,838

M (1) 80

Annexe O.

PUBLIC MORTUARY, VICTORIA.

REPORT BY GOVERNMENT Bacteriologist.

Report on post-mortem examinations.

Male bodies examined,

Female bodies examined,......

Placenta,

Skull....

...

Total,

1922.

1921.

2,092

1,710

1,880

1,760

1

3,973

3,471

Claimed bodies sent from hospitals and other places, 3,365 Unclaimed bodies mostly abandoned,

Total,

Epitome of Causes of Death.

3,049

GO8

422

3,973

3,471

L-Local Diseases :-

(a) of the Nervous System,

21

33

(b)

"

Circulatory System,

87

79

(e)

Respiratory System,

2.398

1,918

(d)

""

Digestive System,

211

242

(e)

Genito-Urinary System,..

18

19

Osseous System,

4

(h)

(g) Of Diseases caused by Infection,

due to Disorders of Nutri-

535

614

""

tion or of Metabolism,

334

192

(i) Of Conditions affecting Child, result

of the Mechanical Causes,

179

73

...

() Of Diseases of the Skin,

1

1

(k)

Blood

...

17

(1)

25

Lymphatics,

1

(m)

""

""

Spleen,...

(n

Areolar Tissue

3

>>

Breast,...

p) Malformations,

II.-Deaths from Violence

1

6

(a) General,

(b) Local,

III.-General Undiagnosed Conditions,

Total,

62

58

49

29

77

188

3,973

3,471

Local Diseases.

M (1) 81

1922. 1921.

(a.) Of the Nervous System :-

Respiratory System,--Continued.

1922. 1921.

Brought forward ... 1,622 1,297

Cerebral hæmorrhage...

1

Hydrocephalus

3.

7

monia,

Tuberculous meningitis

5

5

Pleurisy,

Cerebral tumour

1

2

Meningitis other than C. S. F.

Chronic interstitial pneu-

with effusion,

Pulmonary tuberculosis,

1

8

29

195

239

& Tuberculosis...

4

18

Abscess of lungs,

5

16

Cerebral abscess,...

Bronchiectasis,

7

12

Intracranial haemorrhage,

1

Empyema,

102

110

New growth in lungs,

Total

21

33

Infarct of lungs,

2

1

Haemothorax,

1

Pneumothorax,

Hydrothorax,

Lobar pneumonia,

12

Lacerated lungs,...

3

5

Neoplasm, R. lung,

Dermoid cyst of thoracic

cavity,

Pleuritic effusion,

Atelectasis,

423

1

1

1

1

38 197

Tatol ...

2,398 1,918

(b.) of the Circulatory System:—

Pericarditis, acute dry

""

with effusion, serous-

chronic

purulent-

Acute ulcerative endocarditis

Congenital heart disease

Malignant endocarditis Aortitis...

N

3

*2

3

Syphilitic aortitis,

31

10

Valvular disease of heart

24

Fatty heart

Myocarditis,

Atheroma,

Haemopericardium,

Rupture of aneurysm of aorta,

Aneurysm of thoracic aorta,

Dilated heart,

Cardiac failure,

(d) Of the Digestive System:-

3

Tabes mesenterica,

73 52

2

Peritonitis,

26 22

22

13

tuberculous,

3

3

Enteritis

28

48

1

tuberculous

1

Gastritis

2

3

Diarrhoea

1

...

Acute gastro-enteritis

31

12

1

1

87

79

Mitral regurgition,

Aortic regurgition,

Pyo-pericarditis,

Total

(e) Of the Respiratory System:-

Broncho-pneumonia & bron-

chitis.

Pneumonia,

Tuberculous broncho pneu-

monia,

Carried forward,

1,589 1,163

31 134

...

. 1,622 1,297

Gastric hæmorrhage

Perforated pyloric ulcer, Perforated gastre ulcer,

Cancer of liver

>>

tongue... pharynx

Tumour of liver, Carcinoma of rectum,

"

liver,

3

1

1

...

***

1

...

18

5

1

Carried forward

173 182

Cirrhosis of liver... Abscess, of liver Cholelithiasis,

...

Digestive System,--Continued.

M (1) 82

1922. 1921.

1922. 1921.

(g.) Of Diseases caused by Infection :-

Brought forward... 173

173 182

Cyst of abdomen ...

Suppurative cholangitis

Colitis

1

Ulcerative colitis,...

Dysentery

COHŇ

Measles....

Small pox, Plague,

1 | Diphtheria,

Enteric fever,

Cerebro-spinal fever,

90

48

136

47

...

...

...

3

4

10

1

6

18

8

9

Malaria,...

50

81

Intestinal hæmorrhage

Mesenteric hæmorrhage

Hæmorrhage from oesophageal

varix,...

Multiple abscess of liver

Acute Pancreatitis,

Strangulated umbilical

hernia

Acute intestinal obstruction Intussusception

Diaphragmatic hernia... Retropharyngeal abscess, Intraperitonel haemorrhage, Intra abdominal haemorrh-

age,

Pyloric stenosis,

Septicaemia

46 7

Pyaemia,

1

General tuberculosis,

147 243

142

Syphilis :-

4

(a.) acquired syphilis,

54 150

(b) congenital syphilis,

2

Mumps,...

1

TIN

Ankylostomiasis,

1

Ι

Ascariasis,

2

1

Total,...

535 614

1

...

(h.) Diseases due to Disorders of

Nutrition or of Metabolism

1

Beri-beri,

Icterus,...

14

5

Rickets,...

neonatorum,

5

11

Inanition,

Noma,

3

Total,...

Total...

211 242

179

24

1

155 167

334 192

Acute nephritis,

Chronic nephritis,

Haemosalpinx,

Pyonephrosis,

(e.) Of the Genito-l'rinary System:

interstitial nephritis,

Purulent salpingitis,

5

11

Still birth,

50

40

1

Premature birth,...

129

జిక

33

1

Total,...

179

73

1

(i) Conditions affection Child, result

of Mechanical Causes:

New growth of kidney,...

Pyelitis,...

...

(j.) Of Diseases of the Skin :

Contusion of testicle,

1

Eczema,

...

Epithelioma,...

Total,...

18

:

19

1

1

1

(f.) Of the Osseous System :-

Osteomyelitis,

Tuberculous caries of spine,

Total,...

Total,...

(k.) Of Diseases of the Blood:- Purpura haemorrhagica,

N2

2

2

4

Total,...

2

M (1) 83

1922. 1921,

(1.) Of Diseases of the Lymphatics :-

1922. 1921.

General,--Continued.

1

Brought forward,

57 58

1

1

Starvation

...

Total,...

2

Exposure

N GO

Lymphadenoma,

+4

Lymphosarcoma,

(m.) Of Diseases of the Spleen :—

Total...

62 58

Splenomegaly,

Total,...

27

2

Bullet wound of heart...

3

2

>

and lungs

"J

>>

abdomen aorta...

1

1

(b.) Local:-

(n.) Of Diseases of the Areolar Tissue:--

Stab wound of heart...

Carbuncle,

2

lung

Cellulitis,

6

Wound of neck

2

throat

1

""

Total,...

head

1

Cut-throat

1

Fracture of skull

(0.) Of Diseases of the Breast :-

and arm

2210

19

3

27

Cancer of breast, ...

1

""

spine

4

"

pelvis

1

Total,...

(p.) Malformations :-

1

rib

1

""

Anencephaly,

Spina bifida,...

Cleft palate,

2

""

cervical vertebrae

Crushed chest

Dislocation of cervical ver-

tebrae

1 Rupture of spleen...

3

1

...

Total,...

Deaths from Violence.

CO

6

""

and liver

11

stomach

...

...

intestine

Total...

1522 –

2

1

49

29

(a.) General:-

General Undiagnosed Conditions :—

Multiple injuries...

1 21

Hanging and asphyxia by

Undiagnosed

16 147

ligature

15

14

Decomposed bodies

Asphyxia and suffocation.

15

1

(no diagnosis possible) 27 11

Drowning

10

14

Skeleton only (

ditto

1

1

Opium poisoning..

3 Placenta only (

ditto

1

Oxalic poisoning...

Foetus.only

ditto

6

1

Skull only

ditto

1

Carbonmonoxide poisoning... Burns and scalds...

Shock from blow on kidney

Lightning stroke...

Electrical shock

211

2

Carried forward ...

57 58

Taken for use in School of

Anatomy,

Hongkong

University...

26

25

Total

77 188

M: (1) 84

Total plague cases

136

99 claimed.

37 unclaimed.

Total small-pox cases

90

10

claimed.

80 unclaimed:

Number of bodies sent to Public Mortuary (Victoria) during 1922.

Victoria.

Harbour.

Old Kowloon.

New Kowloon.

Shaukiwan.

Other Villages.

Chinese

American

3,962 3,707

1

73

3

1

European

Japanese

Malay

Indian

Portuguese

11222–

Total.

3,973 3,716

75

GO

77 101

...

1

77

101

Appendix N.

REPORT ON THE BOTANICAL AND FORESTRY DEPARTMENT FOR THE YEAR 1922.

GENERAL REMARKS.

The first quarter was fairly dry and generally favourable to gardening operations, the rainfall amounted to 12:24 inches on 46 days.

During the second quarter the rainfall amounted to 15′41 inches on 52 days, this was again favourable to gardening opera- tions but forestry operations which are spread over large areas, were slightly delayed.

The rainfall during the third quarter was moderate and amounted to 46'99 inches on 56 days.

Slight frost was experienced at Fan Ling and Sheung Shui on November 27th and 28th, a large proportion of young and old flowering plants, shrubs, fruit trees and young vegetables were to some extent damaged.

1

The plants of Banana in the Experimental Garden at Sheung Shui appeared to suffer severely from the frost, though fortunately the fruit was practically uninjured. Almost the whole of the leaves later turned black and died off.

Reports were received from the Peak district of damage to young vegetables and flowers owing to the very low temperature experienced on November 27th and 28th.

During the fourth quarter only 4:57 inches of rain fell on 20 days, which necessitated continuous watering of the flower beds, trees and plants generally in the gardens and various other grounds under the control of the Department. In addition large numbers of young roadside trees had to be watered. The rain which fell during the third week of December undoubtedly saved a large number of such trees in the outlying districts from dying out.

Typhoon signals were hoisted five times during the year.

No serious damage was caused by the high winds and rain- storms, except that almost all the young roadside trees in exposed positions between Tsun Wan and Castle Peak were blown down on more than one occasion, but by means of a daily inspection and immediate restaking the majority of these were saved.

Botanic Gardens.-In both Old and New Gardens the Blue Grass under trees and in damp situations where turf cannot be used, was lifted, divided and replanted.

+

N 2

The old Poinsettias in the circular bed adjoining the Aviary were taken up and destroyed, another stock of plants was put in after the bed had been put into good order generally.

During March the fountain basin was given the usual annual cleaning and the aquatic plants were taken out and repotted before being replaced.

All rockeries in both gardens were overhauled and all vacant spaces planted with ferns and a general collection of foliage plants.

On a grass bank near the plant houses in the Old Garden a specimen of Bougainvillea spectabilis, var. luteritia was damaged during a storm and later died.

A number of plants of Ixora coccinea were added to the small group of this slow growing but showy flowering plant, on a grass bank near the plant houses in the Old Garden.

Most of the pot plants in the plant houses were repotted, re-arranged and all were put into good order generally, the foliage plants in the rockery at one end of the houses were lifted, divided and replanted.

At the east end of the lower terrace in the Old Garden a rockery planted with a collection of Agave, Opuntia, Cacti, San- sevierias and Alpinias was cleared of a portion of two lastnamed, which had overgrown most of the other plants.

The plants of Hibiscus Lambertianus which line the Garden Road boundary wall have now become well established; they were given two hard prunings during the year.

A small bed immediately inside the Albany entrance was cleared of old plants of Jasminum Sambar, these were replaced by young plants of Poinsettia.

The Annual Show of the Hongkong Horticultural Society was held in the Botanic Gardens on March 2nd. Exhibits of fruit, flowers and vegetables were good and entries were numerous but visitors to the show were very few in number owing to labour troubles.

The grass lawns on the Upper and Lower Terraces in the Old Garden were treated with "Cha Chai" during heavy rain in order to bring out the earthworms, of which some 200 pounds, much less than the preceding year, were caught and destroyed.

During October, Roses in beds were given a heavy dressing of stable manure and young plants were put in to replace failures.

Beds on the lower terrace were planted with a succession of English summer-flowering annuals during the winter and with a succession of mostly native plants during the summer.,

N 3

The weed known as Elephantopus scuber which makes its appearance in and soon damages turf, was unusually plentiful this year; its destruction entailed much work in both gardens.

The whole of the stock of Bamboo Palms (Chrysalidocarpus lutescens) in the Loan Plant Compound and elsewhere in both gardens was divided and repotted during April.

All Canna beds were emptied and replanted after the ground had been thoroughly dug and heavily manured.

The total number of plants sold during the year was 1, 400, of these 785 were the ordinary Maiden-hair Ferns (Adiantum cuneatum). As usual there was a steady demand for Bamboo Palms, but none could be sold owing to the large number required for planting in Government House Grounds, the gardens and elsewhere.

All old flower stems were continuously cut out of plants of Alpinias in both gardens and the Glenealy Rockeries.

An old and somewhat ragged plant of Pittosporum Tobira on the grass bank adjoining the steps below the fountain was removed and the space turfed and a group of young specimens of Brunfelsia undulata planted; on the opposite bank a group of 'young plants of Ixora chinensis was planted.

Seeds of "Jak" (Artocarpus integrifolia) were collected from the two specimen trees in the gardens and young specimens were raised for use as roadside trees.

Large numbers of seedlings, cuttings of various shrubs and creepers and layers of Roses, Bauhinia Blakeana, Bougainvillea and Brunfelsias were raised in the Pot Nursery for departmental use and for sale.

Small areas of ground where the grass had become worn were returfed and bare ground under a number of large trees was planted with Blue Grass.

The tree of Spathodea nilotica in the New Garden flowered fairly well, but the specimen in the Old Garden did not produce flowers this year.

The Amaryllis in beds near the big Banian and below the Aviary produced a very fine show of flowers, both beds were given a heavy dressing of manure during February.

The only specimen of Cinnamomum Burmanni was badly damaged by the breaking of a very large limb during a storm, the tree was as far as possible repaired by the use of cement but as it stands close to a walk and several seats the remaining large limbs will need to be removed before the approach of the typhoon

season.

N 4

Young trees in both gardens were re-staked and retied several times during the year, during the dry season the soil about them was continuously loosened.

A number of permits were issued to artists to paint and to residents to take group photographs in both gardens.

Three persons were prosecuted and convicted during the year for disorderly conduct in the gardens.

Government House Grounds.-Hedges of Bamboo Palms were planted on the small banks to the east and west of the grass tennis courts, and between the servants' quarters and the Chunam tennis courts, in addition to acting as screens these have much improved the general appearance of the grounds.

The bank under the hedge of Viburnum odoratissimum was cleared of all wild shrubs and grass and replanted with Blue Grass.

Vacant ground on both sides of the new motor approach road was planted with Cannas and several varieties of flowering shrubs.

On the open ground between the stables and the Custodian's quarters a line of Aleurites and a hedge of Hibiscus Lumbertianus were planted; in addition three beds were formed and planted with the following, Cassia fistula, Gardenia Horida, Hydrangea hortensia, Plumbago capensis, Tabernaemontana coronaria, Ron- deletia speciosa, Cestrum aurantiacum, Rhododendron indicum, Hypericum chinense and Allamanda Schottii.

Two large Banians in front of the house were given a very hard pruning in order to give the turf below them a larger amount of light and air; one Banian and one Eugenia near the servants quarters were similarly treated.

Bare patches of ground under flowering and other ornamental trees were planted with Blue Grass.

Both lawns were dressed with "Cha Chai during wet weather and large numbers of earth-worms driven to the surface were collected and destroyed.

"Grass Caterpillars" made their appearance in small numbers on both lawns during October, the grass was immediately treated with the usual solution of Jeye's Fluid which had the effect of destroying most of the caterpillars. These insects often leave bad scars in the grass, necessitating a heavy dressing of sifted manure and soil.

66

>>

The interior of the house was decorated with flowering plants, Palms and hanging baskets of flowers during the visit of H.R.H. the Prince of Wales in April and on the occasion of the birthday of H.M. the King on June 3rd similar decorations were carried out on the occasions of dances on September 14th and October 18th and 30th,

N 5

The replanting of Cannas and the pruning of flowering trees and shrubs was carried on as required throughout the year.

Mountain Lodge Grounds.-Cannas in the bed below the retaining wall and elsewhere were taken up, divided and replanted after the ground had been dug and manured.

Undergrowth and long grass near the house and in the valley was cleared during May; the continual cutting of long grass in the valley has had a beneficial effect on the very highly coloured flowering plant known as Torenia concolor, which has now firmly established itself in and is rapidly spreading over the turf in the valley.

Ficus creepers on the large retaining and other walls were clipped as required, those on the mound below the flagstaff are making very slow progress owing to the exposesd position in which they are planted.

All grass lawns and putting greens were regularly machined, rolled, weeded and given a dressing of finely-sifted stable manure.

Blake Garden.-To prevent damage to turf and Blue Grass in the valley, several strong barbed wire fences were erected.

Plants in the Agave hedges which had flowered were removed and replaced with young specimens.

Large numbers of people drew their supplies of water from the small springs in the garden, during the time of the water shortage; in normal times this practice is not allowed owing to the unavoidable damage to the turf and plants.

The garden is used by increasing numbers of people each year and more space is badly needed; when a sufficient quantity of soil from adjoining building sites is available, a further section of the valley will be filled and levelled.

King's Park.- All the young flowering and other trees were regularly retied and staked and the older specimens pruned; the specimens of Bauhinia variegata have now become well established and made a fine show while in flower.

Continuous undergrowth clearing has got rid of most of the seedling plants of Lantana and Mimosa; this clearing was again carried out by gangs of women working under the supervision of the Park Keeper, all grass or undergrowth cut by members of the gangs was taken in lieu of payment and used as cattle fodder or fuel.

The Pines seem to be affected by the dust from an adjoining cement factory, while other and more hardy trees suffer very little; all Pines which died out during the year were felled and removed.

Two persons were arrested and convicted for stealing parts of trees growing in the Park.

N 6-

Colonial Cemetery. A large number of coniferous trees, Palms and a small number of large shrubs which were on graves and were damaging headstones, were removed.

Old graves and open spaces under trees where turf will not grow, were planted with Blue Grass, all new graves were turfed and kept in good order generally.

Long grass and seedling trees in all parts of the cemetery were regularly cut during the summer months.

Beds and borders were planted with summer and winter annuals.

All flowering trees, shrubs and foliage plants were pruned as required and a small number was taken up and replanted in spaces not required for graves.

The new quarters for the gardeners on the terrace above the plant houses were completed and occupied during June.

!

Other Grounds.-In the compound of St. John's Cathedral the bare banks were planted with Palms, Ferns and Blue Grass.

The tennis lawns at the Island Quarters, Taipo, were machined, rolled, weeded and top-dressed with fine manure. Undergrowth on the banks was cleared twice during the year. Seedling annuals were raised for use as pot plants and in beds.

In the Civil Hospital Grounds a small number of Poinsettias was added to the group already planted on the bank below the Pine trees. Beds of Blue Grass which had suffered from the drought were lifted and replanted. All tennis lawns were regularly rolled, machined and weeded; those requiring it were dressed with "Cha Chai" in order to keep down earth-worms. Large numbers of seedling annaals were raised for use as pot plants and in beds. Bamboo hedges and creepers on retaining walls were pruned several times during the year. Pot plants on the verandahs of the Sisters' Quarters were renewed as required.

kept in

In the grounds of the Lunatic Asylum a regular supply of pot plants was maintained and the grass plots and good order generally.

The grounds of the Senior Officers' Quarters, Leighton Hill were placed under the control of this Department during March the lawns were weeded, machined and rolled and the banks and small grass plots kept in good order generally.

At the Cricket Ground, the area used as a playing pitch was repaired each week. A large area of turf where a slight subsidence has taken place, was lifted and after more soil had been added and levelled, was relaid. The whole playing pitch was regularly machined, weeded and top-dressed with fine manure; this work was carried out at the expense of the Hongkong Cricket Club.

N 7

The grass lawn at the Subordinate Officers' Quarters, Breezy Point, was kept in good order generally; during the latter part of the year this space was taken over and a cement tennis court laid by the Public Works Department.

In West End Park, the Camphor and other trees were several times given a dressing of Carbolineum to keep down the White Ants, which do extensive damage during the dry months. The barbed wire fences were repaired as required and the whole Park cleared of undergrowth twice during the year.

The turf at the Volunteer Parade Ground was regularly cut and kept in good order generally throughout the year. The Privet hedges were clipped and all flowers removed before open- ing. A number of Palms, a large portion of a Privet hedge and an area of turf were removed in connection with the building of a miniature rifle range.

In the grounds of the Royal Observatory the flowering trees, shrubs and foliage plants were pruned and retied. The bare ground under the Pine trees was planted with Blue Grass. Large numbers of seedling annuals were supplied for use as pot plants and in beds, from the Botanic Gardens. The whole of the grounds was kept clear of undergrowth throughout the year.

The grass plots and trees in the Children's Playground, Kowloon, were kept in good order generally by the gardener stationed at the Royal Observatory.

At the Victoria Hospital the garden was kept in good order generally; the grass plots were machined and weeded and Ficus on the retaining wall was clipped when required.

The grass lawns at the Government Pavilions and Govern- ment Villas were regularly cut, rolled and weeded; long grass on banks was cut and the small number of shrubs were given any required attention.

In the Lower Albany Nursery a supply of cut flowers was maintained and a succession of seedlings, cuttings and layers raised for use in the Botanic Gardens and elsewhere.

The lower and best portion of this nursery was allotted to the Helena May Institute during December, consequently most of those plants which could be moved without damage were replanted in the Botanic Gardens and elsewhere; the loss of this piece of ground has very much cut down the area of ground available for general nursery work and steps will have to be taken in the near future to secure and lay out another suitable area.

In the Helena May Institute Grounds all trees, shrubs and grass plots were kept in good order generally; this work was carried out at the expense of the Institute.

The Upper Albany Nursery was used for maintaining a supply of cut flowers and for general nursery work.

N 8

At the Sukunpo Vegetable Garden a succession of winter and summer vegetables was grown and supplied to Government House daily.

Blake Pier was decorated with Palms and other foliage plants on the occasion of the visit of H.R.H. the Prince of Wales on

April 6th.

H.R.H. the Prince of Wales' Pavilion was extensively decorated with Palms and other foliage plants on April 6th.

In Statue Square Garden a number of plants were removed to make room for stands erected in connection with H.R.H. the Prince of Wales' visit.

HERBARIUM.

The whole of the plant specimens were inspected, repoisoned and sun-dried.

A hundred and one sheets of new Australian specimens and a small number collected locally were mounted.

Specimens of local plants were identified when brought in by visitors to the Colony or local collectors.

A large number of specimens of Chinese druggists medicinal herbs were forwarded by the Department of Agriculture, Van- couver, these were all identified and named and all available in- formation concerning the specimens forwarded to the Department mentioned.

FORESTRY.

Formation of Pine Tree Plantations. --On the hills adjoining Tai Wo Po, 5,000 one year old trees of Pinus Massoniana were planted as an addition to the existing Plantation No. 9A.

Owing to the increasing difficulty of obtaining suitable nursery ground south of the Kowloon Range, the yearly number of one year old Pine seedling raised and planted out is being rapidly reduced; new Pine plantations are now mainly formed by the sowing of Pine seeds broadcast and in situ.

Pine seeds were sown in situ at the following places, 16,590 at 5A Little Hongkong, 3,470 at 7G Mount Davis, 59,725 at 7C Ngau Chi Wan and 49,670 at Tytam Tuk.

On turfed banks below the Taipo and Tsun Wan Roads 40 lbs. of Pine seeds were sown broadcast.

46 lbs. of Pine seeds were used for replacing failures of seed sown in situ at Cheung Chau, Cheung Sha Wan and Fan Ling.

167 one year old trees of Pinus Massoniana were planted as an addition to the small plantation at the Water Police Station, Tsim Sha Tsui.

N 9

Broad-leaved Trees Planted.-A number of trees of Aleurites montana were tried for the first time as a shade tree in Salisbury Road, Kowloon.

10 large specimens of Aleurites triloba were taken up from the middle of and replanted at the side of the widened portion of Salisbury Road, all the trees, some of which had reached a height of 30 feet fortunately survived.

Four large Banian cuttings were planted near the Public Dispensary, Yaumati.

The shade and flowering trees used for roadside planting were Melia Azedarach, Bischofia javanica, Freus infictoria, Cassia fistula, Tristania conferta, Aleurites triloba, Albizzia Lebbek, Poinciana regia, Erythrina indica, Bauhinia variegata, Paulownia Fortunei, Celtis sinensis, Melaleuca Leucadendron and Cinnamomum Camphora; these were made use of in the following positions Wong-Nei-Chong Gap Road 233, Wong-Nei-Chong Gap to Deep Water Bay 358, Magazine Gap Road 247, Wanchai Gap Road 571, Severn Road 32, Lugard Road 47, Garden Road 3, Peace Avenue, Ho Mun Tin 72, Argyle Street 72, Jordan Road 45, Gascoigne Road 97, Chatham Road 106, Lai Chi Kok Road 30, Nathan Road 3, Reclamation Street 7, Taipo Road 290, Fau Ling Road 8, Au Tau Road 87, and in the vicinity of Shum Shui Po Market 22.

The following trees and shrubs were planted in Stanley Military Cemetery, 3 Banian cuttings 16 Aleurites triloba 2 Erythrina indica and 6 Allamanda Schottii.

79 one year old trees of "Jak" (Artocarpus integrifolia) were planted in the vicinity of Aberdeen Reservoir.

Trees Removed.-In connection with the sale of building lots. formation of new and widening of existing roads, reclamations and other public works very large numbers of Pine and wild trees and a small number of large roadside trees were removed.

A number of very fine specimens of Pinus Massoniana, probably the largest on the Island were removed from the site of the new Queen's College at Sukunpo.

Trees were removed from the following roads, Bonham Road, Victoria Road, Kennedy Road, Pokfulum Road, Repulse Bay Road, Queen's Road East and Central, Taipo Road and Wong- Nei-Chong Road, these removals were due to road widening and alterations in connection with the increased motor traffic, with the exception of Queen's Road East and Central, young trees will be planted in all the roads mentioned to as far as possible replace those removed.

At Lai Chi Kok and Fo Pang Hang large numbers of Pinus Massoniana were removed to allow for the removal of soil for reclamati n work and for the formation of a cemetery.

N 10

J

The most noticeable of the tree fellings on the Island during the year has been that on Morrison Hill where large sections of native trees have been removed to allow for the removal of rocks and soil in connection with harbour reclamation work.

The felling of trees by the contractor at Little Hongkong forest was much delayed owing to labour troubles and most of the work carried out by him was confined to the felling of badly- shaped or damaged trees, the majority of which were made use of as firewood or for conversion into charcoal.

Care of Trees in Plantations.-A regular inspection of all planted and native trees was carried out throughout the year. Dead or badly-damaged trees were removed as required and large trees on slopes near public roads and paths and which were regarded as dangerous, were either removed or given a very hard pruning.

Pine Tree Caterpillars fortunately made their appearance only in very small numbers on the Island and in Kowloon; one plantation adjoining Fan Ling Golf Course was badly infested with these pests and as soon as they could be detected all were collected and destroyed, the total weight of those dealt with being 4,667 lbs.

Loranthus and creepers were regularly removed from trees on roadsides and in plantations.

Camphor trees, a large percentage of which are regularly attacked by White Ants during the dry season, were treated with Carbolineum.

The Forest Guards made numerous arrests of persons felling or doing damage to growing trees and destroying of wild flowers.

Cases of persons collecting Pine needles from plantations were very numerous and the offenders, who do considerable and lasting damage, are not easily deterred by the comparatively light fines which are inflicted.

Protection from Fire.-During the year 20 miles of fire- barriers were cleared in the New Territories, Southern District, 17 miles in Hongkong and 2 miles at Fan Ling; these barriers on many occasions proved most useful in checking large fires until they could be beaten out.

Five fires broke out in plantations during the first quarter, 13 in the second, 1 in the third and 32 in the fourth, making a total of 51 compared with 67 in the previous year.

No trace could be found in any case of the origin of the fires and it can only be supposed that the majority were due to people dropping lighted matches or tobacco and by the careless use of sacrificial paper and fire-crackers by grave-worshippers.

N 11

The most serious of all the fires broke out at night in plantation 9B adjoining the Sai Kung Road, where 700 large Pines were killed.

The thanks of the Department are due to the Captain Super- intendent of Police for allowing officers in charge of outlying stations to engage coolies and deal with numerous forest fires which broke out at night.

The Tsing Ming Festival was on April 5th and fortunately there was a light drizzly rain falling during part of the day, this had the effect of damping all grass in and around hill graves and cemeteries and so preventing a single fire from breaking out.

The Chung Yeung Festival was on October 28th and eleven small fires, all resulting from careless use of fire-crackers or sacrificial paper, were beaten out before they could spread to adjoining plantations.

The whole of the forestry staff assisted by District Watchmen and 150 extra coolies were on watch the whole day in cemeteries and plantations adjoining those cemeteries where most of the worshipping is carried on.

The thanks of the Department are due to the Honourable the Secretary for Chinese Affairs for lending 10 District Watchmen to assist in watching for and dealing with fires at both the Tsing Ming and Chung Yeung Festivals.

· Forest Guards Service.--The total number of persons arrested or proceeded against by summons was 335 as compared with 287 during the previous year; of this number 280 were convicted, 27 cautioned, 7 discharged, 10 had their bail estreated and 11 were re- quired to find a personal bond.

PARTICULARS OF THESE CASES ARE GIVEN IN TABLES II AND III.

In two cases of damage to native Camphor trees by persons gathering very large quantities of the branches, leaves and twigs for the purpose of distilling Camphor, action was taken by this Department and the Police Officers of the districts concerned. as a result the two offenders appeared before the District Officer, North and each was fined $248 with the option of 2 months' imprison-

ment.

A close watch was maintained the three weeks preceding Chinese New Year, on all districts where the Chinese New Year Flower (Enkianthus quinqueflorus) is found; a number of persons were arrested while cutting growing plants, but the total amount of damage done was much less than in former years.

During the labour trouble in March, when only very small and inadequate supplies of firewood were arriving in the Colony from the usual sources, a considerable amount of damage was done to Pine plantations, native trees and protected forest areas by persons

N 12

living in the more thickly populated town areas where no firewood could be obtained, the offenders were so numerous that the Forest Guards had to abandon all attempts at arrest and were engaged for several days in driving offenders of both sexes out of the more valuable plantations into areas where the damage would not have a very serious or lasting effect.

Three building contractors who were responsible for damage to roadside trees or plantations had sums amounting to $100 de- ducted from their securities; this amount was credited to Timber Sales.

An inquiry, under Ordinance No. 6 of 1917 was held by the District Officer, South, and the Superintendent, at Sheung Li Uk village owing to the illicit cutting of Pine trees in the closely adjoining plantations; a fine of $30 was later inflicted on the village.

Miscellaneous Planting.-34 young Hibiscus Lambertianus were planted in Pei Ho Street, Shum Shui Po.

825 Ficus repens were planted to cover the bare cuttings on either side of the new motor road to the Peak, above the cemeteries.

The following were planted on Crown Land above Barker Road, 56 Rhododendron indicum, 26 Allamanda Schottii, 26 Plumb- ago capensis, 49 Hydrangea hortensia and a small number of Ixora chinensis.

On Crown Land near the Rest House, Taipo, the following were planted 20 Hibiscus Lambertianus, 50 Callistemon rigidus and 1 Bauhinia Blakeana.

Flowering trees or shrubs on the low hills near Fan Ling Golf Course, planted and maintained by this Department, were in many cases thinned out and others which were hidden by the fast grow- ing Pine plantations were taken up and planted elsewhere.

Roadside plots and rockeries were kept in good order generally and trees or shrubs which had failed were replaced.

A vacant plot of land adjoining Peak Road, between Mountain Lodge and the Peak Tram Station was cleared of undergrowth and planted with an assortment of flowering trees and shrubs.

The following trees were planted on Cheung Chau, 59 Eucaly- plus tereticornis, 60 Tristania conferta and 20 Melia Azedarach ; the large numbers of roadside and other trees planted in previous years were regularly inspected and kept in good order generally by the Forester stationed on the island.

At the Police Headquarters a flower bed was formed at each end of the compound and planted with an assortment of flowering shrubs and Blue Grass.

Four Bauhinia Blakeana and 8 Lagerstroemia indica were planted on small grass plots and banks on either side of Bowen Road.

+

N 13

A small number of flowering plants were put in at Stanley Military Cemetery and those planted during previous years were retied, staked and kept in good order generally.

The Old and New Protestant and Meesenberg Hill Cemeteries at Macao were cleared of all wild trees, shrubs and long grass and all the planted trees were given a thorough pruning; a number of areas under the largest trees were planted with Blue Grass.

After this work was completed the three cemeteries were planted with a number of shade and flowering trees, shrubs and creepers totalling 202, the following were the plants used, Bauhinia variegata 8, Aleurites triloba 4, Lagerstroemia indica 4, Cassia fistula 1, Brunfelsia Hopeana 1, Bauhinia Blakeana 5, Allamanda Schottii 7, Brunfelsia ramosissima 6, Hibiscus Lambertianus 15, Poinciana regia 5, Gardenia florida 3, Rondeletia speciosa 3, Ficus repens 140.

Forestry Service Paths.-All these paths were cleared of under- growth and repaired in places where damage from heavy rain or landslides had occurred.

Anti-Malarial Undergrowth Clearing.-This work was carried on throughout the year in all districts, the total area cleared amount- ing to 8,340,610 square feet as against 3,400,000 during the previous year.

In addition to the grass, a large proportion of the undergrowth cleared consisted of hard-wooded shrubs which will not require to to be cleared again for some years.

Clearing for Survey Purpose.—In connection with the cutting of lines for survey purposes, lines of new roads and other improve- ments, proposed building sites a total area of 3,990,000 square feet of undergrowth was cleared for the Public Works Department.

Forestry Licences, New Territories.—The total amount of fees collected during the year amounted to $4,831.87 compared with $4,880.47 in 1921.

NURSERIES, AGRICULTURE, &c.

Beacon Hill Nursery.-Seeds of the following trees were planted for the propagation of stock for use during the following year, Poinciana regia, Albizzia Lebbek, Celtis sinensis, Pinus Massoniana, varia calamistrata, Garcinia oblongifolia, Aleurites montana, Aleurites Fordii and Aleurites triloba.

5,000 Camphor trees were raised in the new nursery at Little Hongkong, these will be used for re-planting on the site of the adjoining old forest, which is composed of trees of little value and which are now being felled and removed.

300 pounds of seed of Pinus Massoniana and 65 pounds of Camphor seed were collected during the year.

Fan Ling Experimental Garden. A further portion of this garden, which stands on the site of old Padi land, was levelled, terraced and the required new channels and paths made.

N 14

58 plants of "Hill Mangosteen" Garcinia oblongifolia were collected from Wong Nei Chong and planted in the garden, these trees in their natural state bear a heavy crop of small fruits which find a ready sale among the natives; it is possible that the fruit may increase in size and quality if grown under good conditions

for a few years.

Onion seed, obtained direct from Teneriffe, was sown and produced a heavy crop of Onions of good quality; this crop is always watched and discussed with great interest by the natives of adjoining villages, but up to the present nobody has undertaken the growing of Onions on anything but a very small scale.

A crop of Tobacco was grown and after being harvested was removed to the Botanic Gardens for use as an insecticide.

1,000 young plants of the improved variety of Pineapple known as "Smooth Cayenne" were procured from Honolulu and planted in a temporary bed; the old plants of this variety continue to produce large fruit of excellent flavour and quality generally.

With a view to encouraging the growing of vegetables in the New Territories, a plot of land adjoining the school at Tai Wai was partly laid out and planted with Onion seed by the scholars assisted by employees of this Department, this is the first attempt at forma- tion of school gardens and a fair amount of interest appeared to be taken in the experiment by the schoolmaster and his scholars.

The Custard Apples (Anona reticulata) produced a good crop of fruit of good size and quality.

The Bananas suffered somewhat from the drought and had to be watered heavily daily throughout the driest months of the year, also during these months a proportion of the fair crop of fruit was split and scorched by the heat of the sun.

A number of consignments of fruits from the "Banian " (Ficus retusa) containing "Fig Wasps "were supplied to the Entomologist, Forestry Department, Honolulu, these insects are liberated among the wild trees of Ficus there, with the object of securing the fertiliz- ation of the flowers and consequent natural growth of young trees in the reservoir catchment areas.

The annual inspection of all bulbs of Narcissus Tazetta inten- ded for export to the United States of America and Honolulu was carried out by the Department from July to October; during these months a total of 885,000 bulbs contained in 6,996 packages were inspected and certified.

The bulbs were in excellent condition generally and only one consignment was found to be infected with a fungoid disease and detained for reconditioning.

N 15

w

DESTRUCTION OF PRIVET (LIGUSTRUM SINENSE.)

77

In addition to the removal of flowers from this plant, which is widely credited with being one of the chief causes of "Hay Fever, the gradual destruction of the whole plant was commenced in the Peak district, where it grows more strongly and in greater number than anywhere on the Island.

If given opportunity this plant quickly assumes tree form and in a few years grows to a height of 30 feet or more.

EXCHANGE OF SEEDS, &c.

The Department is indebted to the following donors of seeds and plants; Director Jardin D'Acclimatation, "Les Tropiques France; Mr. E. H. Wilson, Harvard University; Director, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; Professor of Agronomy, College of Agricul- ture, Los Banos; Mr. H, Nehrling, Palm Cottage Gardens, Florida, U. S. A.; Mr. H. H. Corbin, Department of Forestry of University, Adelaide; Superintendent, Botanic Gardens, Sibpur, Calcutta ; Messrs. A. E. Bullock; A. J. Thornton & N. L. Watson and Father Augustine.

The following were the principal recipients:-Dr. David Fairchild, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington; Director, Department of Agriculture, Peradeniya, Ceylon; Director, Botanic Gardens, Sydney; Director of Agriculture, Nairobi, Kenya Colony, East Africa; Director of Agriculture, Amoni. Tanganyika Territory, East Africa; Assistant Professor of Botany, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg; Commander Beckwith; Dr. Kew; Sir Robert Ho Tung; Inspector Taylor; President, St. Andrew's Society; Inspector Blackman; Rev. T. H. Raussaw; Queen's College; Hongkong Golf Club; Hung Hom Police Station; Civil Service Cricket Club; St. Francis Church; Italian Convent; H. M. S. "Titania"; H. M. Submarines; R. A. O. Corps; Mrs. T. H. King; Miss L. K. Rayner; Miss Elliott; and Messrs. R. A. Gubbay; D. Burlingham; Tedbar Johnson; A. E. Bullock ;, E. A. Irving; A. N. Taylor; H. Nehrling, Florida, U. S. A.; Wu Shun; Ho Kam Tong; W. J. Kerr; Hau Chan; Kam Leung; Hau Yin; H. B. Mould; Hau Shui; Kan Yiu; A. Dyer Ball; J. M. Alves; H. T. Jackman; W. E. Hollands; L. D. Higgins; Sin Chung Sang; D. D. Berth; N. L. Smith; J. William :

STAFF.

Mr. A. J. Thornton was appointed to the vacant post of As- sistant Superintendent on April 22nd.

The Head Forester, Mr. Wong Shing-po, resigned on May, 31st and the New Territories Foreman, Mr. Li Kam-fuk was appointed to fill the vacancy.

H. GREEN, Superintendent.

April, 1923.

N 16

DATE.

Jan. Feb.

inch. inch. inch.

3,

.04

.01

4,

.01

6,

7.

8,

9,

10,

· 11,

12,

13,

14,

15,

.02

16,

.02

ಶಕಶ : : : : : : : : 88

.21 .44

1.17

ཚུམྦྷ :: ཿཙ :22སྒྱུ་ུ ;

.04

.01

.38

.48

.03

.04

.07

.04

.03

.02

.47

.16

1.42

28888 8 * : ಇ

.06

.07

.39

.19 .40

4.18

.04

.29

.98

2.05

.10

.04

2.65

.10 3.00

.34

.01

.05

.20

Table I.

RAINFALL, 1922.

Botanic Gardens.

Mar. April May June June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

inch. | inch. | inch. inch. inch. inch. inch. inch. inch.

.32

.83

.38

.65 .14

.01

.61

.88

.02

ಇಇ : : : :*85986 :

252 89 888 289

1.37

.01

.03

...

.04

.03

.04 .24

.03

.56 .69 .01

.05

.45

.66

.25

1.18

Table I,-Continued.

1

DATE.

Jan. Feb. Mar. April May

June July Aug. Sept.

Oct.

Νον. Dec.

- N 17-

inch. inch. inch. inch.

inch.

inch.

inch. \ inch. inch. inch.

inch. inch.

17,

.12

18,

19,

.11

20,

.03

21,

.05

22,

.04

23,

.03

FERRETE

.05 1.80

.53

.02

.02

.72

.01

.37

.05

.01

.02

24,

.11

.02

.07

25,

.10

.30

26,

.12

1.05

35

.01

27,

.83

.49 1.80 .15

.02

28,

.13

.83 1.20

.04

29,

.01 .17 .01

30,

.02

.07 .97

deaded de : 85:

.01

.25

.07

.96

.69

.21

.16

.01

3.54 .41

.03

3.23

38

1.21

1.28

.04

.04

.18

.03

.01

2.45

.22

.29

.05

.38

: ::

.03

.34

.09

.53

.09

.01

1.48

.95

2.21 2.15

31,

.11

.02

.96

1.79

.03 2.17

1.75

7.20 18.33 20.15 8.51 2.92

.64

1.01

Total,

1.95 5.49 4.80 2.34 5.87

Total for the year 79′21 inches. Average for the last ten years at the Botanic Gardeus-94-82 inches. Total rainfall registered at the Hongkong Observatory for the year-69'44 inches.

Village or District. Block. Compartment.

Table II.

FOREST GUARDS' SERVICE: OFFENCES.

REPORT OF

Cattle

grazing in

plantation.

Releasing prisoner from

Offering

Bribe to

custody of Forest Guard.

Forest

Guard.

Victoria,

Wongneichong, Shaukiwan,.

Tytam,..

Stanley,

Aberdeen,

Pokfulam,

Kowloon,..

A.

Harbour Belt,...

A.B.C.

13

Cheungshawan,

10

Kanghau,

New Territories,

11

6

0 151 19

A.C.F.

A.B.C.D.E.F.G.

7 A.B.C.D.G.

A.F.G.

A.B.C.D.G.

8

.AB.C.D.E.F.G.

I.

31

31

NNN

ཕབཻ 1:| ཤཱནྟིཾ — བཏྶ བཤྩ — :

3

1

1

23

4

1

23

27

2

9

2

N

9

2

to:

Total for 1922,

64

87

35

1

100

14

244

2

3

Total for 1921,

33

70

27

93

35

17

3

4

3

1

N 18-

N 19

Table III.

POLICE COURT RESULTS.

Cases.

50 cents to $1 fine,

$1.50

to $2

$2.50

to $3

多多

$4

to $5

$6

to $10,.

$11

to $25

""

$50

1922.

1921.

38

45

23

43

39

32

70

41

7

2

1

1

17

18

33

38

37

19

7

3

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

.:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:..

:

T:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:..

:

:

1 to 4 days' imprisonment,

5 to 7

8 to 14

3 weeks'

4

""

1 month's

6 weeks'

Discharges,

Cautions,

Forfeiture of Bail,

Personal Bond, ...

**

*

35

Total,...

:

1

2

2

7

10

5

27

20

10

11

N

335

287

N 20

Table IV.

NURSERIES.

Locality.

Kowloon Tsai,

Fanling, ...

Little Hongkong Old Village,

...

...

...

Table V.

Expenses. .$ 993.00 624.50

729.60

$2,347.10

REVENUE.

REVENUE.

1922.

1921.

C.

$ c.

Timber Sales, Sale of Plants,

Loan of Plants,

Forestry Licences,

Inspection of Nursery Stock, Interest on Current Accounts, Miscellaneous Receipts,

:

5,238.52

3,677.25

766.03

708.00

748.58

579.24

1

4,831.87

4,800.47

...

740.00

850.00

4.48

2.13

7.37

13.56

Forfeiture, Fine Fund,

...

100.00

27.47

27.21

Total,

:

12,464.32 10,657.86

Table VI.

Comparative Statement of Revenue and Expenditure for the years 1913-1922.

Year. Total Expenditure. Total Revenue.

% of Revenue to Expenditure.

$ c.

$

C.

1913

48,745.88

8,352.06

17.13

1914

49,095.97

6,934.21

14:12

1915

49,404.50

6,871.67

13.19

1916

47.325.89

7,034.67

14.86

1917

51,253.82

7,294.49

14.23

1918

51,967.08

6,282.45

12:09

1919

51,457.65

8,307.77

16:16

1920

55,975.49

8,547.76

15.27

1921

61,428.11

10,657.86

17.35

1922

71,223.47

12,464.32

17.50

Appendix O.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF EDUCATION FOR THE YEAR 1922.

SUMMARY OF CONTENTS.

Revenue and Expenditure.

Staff.

Number of pupils.

Education in English.

The British Schools.

Queen's College & the District Schools. Grant Schools.

Excluded Schools.

The University.

The Technical Institute.

Vernacular Education. Normal Schools.

+

Board of Education.

Board of Examiners.

Medical Inspections. Buildings.

Manual Instruction,

Visit of H. R. H, the Prince of Wales.

The late Sir Ellis Kadoorie.

The Strike.

Educational Conference at Manila,

ANNEXES.

A-Report of the Inspector of English Schools.

Director, Technical Institute.

Inspector of Vernacular Schools, Urban

B.-

C.

>>

D.

[Districts.

Rural

[Districts.

E.-

on the Garrison Schools.

>

F-

>>

of the Commissioner, Boy Scouts,

G.-

""

33

Organising Secretary, Girl Guides.

TABLES.

I.-Government Schools.

II.-Grant Schools.

III. Subsidized Schools in the Colony.

IV.

""

New Territories.