Administrative Reports - 1918

ADMINISTRATIVE REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1918

Table of Contents

1 Finances

2 Trade and Shipping, industries, Fisheries, agriculture and Land

3 Legislation

4 Education

5 Public Works

6 Government and aided institutions

7 Institutions Not Supported By Government

8 Criminal and Police

9 Vital Statistics

10 Postal and Telegraph Services

11 General Observations

A Financial Returns

A(1) Finances

B Assessment

C Secretariat for Chinese affairs

D Harbour office

E Imports and Exports office

F Royal Observatory

G Supreme Court

H Police Magistrates' Court

I Land office

J New Territories

K Police and Fire Brigade

L Prison

M Medical and Sanitary

N Botanical and forestry

O Education

P Volunteer Corps (Not Published)

Q Public Works

R Post office

S Railway

 




HONGKONG.

REPORT ON THE BLUE BOOK FOR 1918.

I.-FINANCES.

The revenue for the year amounted to $18,665,248 being $3,901,658 more than the estimate and $3,607,144 more than the re- venue for the previous year.

Compared with the returns for 1917 there were increases under every head with the exception of Light Dues, Miscellaneous Receipts, and Fees of Court or Office.

The expenditure amounted to a total of $16,252,172, inclusive of a sum of $1,578,149 spent on Public Works Extraordinary, and one of $3,189,972 being a contribution to the Imperial Government for war expenses.

The detailed figures for 1918 are set out in the following

statements :--

HEADS OF REVENUE.

$

Light Dues -

52,817

Light Dues, Special Assessment

63,106

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise

specified

15,201,189

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific

purposes, and Reimbursements in Aid -

913,794

Post Office

451,586

Kowloon-Canton Railway

433,274

Rent of Government Property, Land, and

Houses

1,010,246

Interest

99,302

Miscellaneous Receipts

140,645

TOTAL, (Ordinary),-

$18,365,959

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

299,289

TOTAL,

$18,665,248

The total expenditure brought to account amounted to $16,252,172 being $4,111,697 more than the estimate, and $2,161,344 more than the expenditure in 1917. Compared with the estimates

:

there were decreases under 20 heads as against 4 heads where there were increases. The excess amounting to $5,229,871 under Miscel- laneous Services was due to the war contribution stated above, in addition to another contribution ($1,052,761) referred to below; expenditure on houses and house allowances; and other miscellaneous items. Military Expenditure was smaller than the estimate by $30,138 on account of the Revenue for 1917 having been over- estimated. The item Public Works Recurrent was responsible for an excess of $103,975. Decreases were mostly due to savings on Personal Emoluments and high exchange.

EXPENDITURE.

$

Governor

73,308

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legis-

lature

60,689

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs.

50,118

Audit Department

32,841

Treasury

63,078

Harbour Master's Department

174,414

Imports & Exports Department

747,264

Royal Observatory

20,028

Miscellaneous Services-

5,676,571

Judicial and Legal Departments

398,765

Police and Prison Departments

873,864

Medical Departments

237,538

Sanitary Department

370,170

Botanical and Forestry Department

50,456

Education

343,418

Military Expenditure

2,788,722

Public Works Department

375,203

Do.

Recurrent

712,675

Do.

Extraordinary

1,578,149

Post Office

181,208

Kowloon-Canton Railway

387,276

Charge on account of Public Debt

783,391

Pensions

228,402

Charitable Services

44,624

TOTAL,

-

$16,252,172

The balance to the good on the year's working was $2,413,076, and the assets and liabilities account showed on the 31st December a credit balance of $5,681,138.

3

The following is a statement of the revenue and expenditure of the Colony for the five years 1914-1918 :-

1914

1915

1916

1917

1918

Revenue.

$

Expenditure.

$

11,007,273 10,756,225

11,786,106

15,149,267

13,833,387

11,079,915

15,058,105

14,090,828

18,665,248

16,252,172

The amount of the consolidated loan stands at £1,485,733. Against this there is at credit of the Sinking Fund a sum of £283,602. The Local Loan under Ordinance No. 12 of 1916 amounts to $3,000,000 and there are the sums of $212,000 and £33,300 at crédit of the Sinking Fund.

Under Ordinance No. 18 of 1917 a tax of 7% on Assessments was imposed to provide an Annual Contribution to the Imperial Government for purposes of the war.

A new valuation was made for the year commencing 1st July, 1918, resulting as follows:-

Increases:

The City of Victoria, $978,880 or 8:31%.

Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, and Quarry Bay, $11,007 or 2·79%. Hongkong Villages, $29,042 or 13.72%.

Yaumati, $84,780 or 24.12%.

Mongkoktsui, $64,600 or 28 83%.

Kowloon Point, $14,735 or 2·32%.

Hung Hom and Hok Un, $20,050 or 6·71%.

New Kowloon, $13,736 or 12:37%.

Kowloon Villages, $13,128 or 13·91%.

Decrease:-

The Hill District, $1,375 or 0.42%.

The rateable value of the whole Colony amounted to $15,638,736 being an increase of $1,228,583 or 8'52%.

For the period 1909-1918 the assessment of the whole Colony has risen from $10,750,902 to $15,638,736, an increase in rateable value of 44'53%.

The circulation on the 31st December of notes of the three Banks having authorised issues was as follows:-

Hongkong & Shanghai Bank,

Chartered Bank of India, Australia, & China, Mercantile Bank of India,

$22,401,355

8,718,777

1,098,380

$32,218,512

:

The currency of the Colony consists, in addition to the notes of these Banks, of British, Hongkong, and Mexican Dollars and of subsidiary coin, which continued at par throughout the year.

The total issue of subsidiary coins, less those demonetized, now amounts to $20,764,370 nominal value, and they were up to the year 1905 readily absorbed at par, large quantities being taken by the neighbouring provinces of China. During 1916 ten cent pieces of the face value of $5,028,000 were shipped to England for purposes of demonetization. The discount which prevailed between 1905 and 1916 may be attributed to the immense quantity of similar coin which was minted at Canton as well as to the amount of Hongkong coin minted largely in excess of the needs of the Colony by itself. In 1905 the Hongkong Government ceased to issue any subsidiary coin and in 1906 it began a policy of demonetising all its subsidiary coin received as revenue. This policy has been continuously followed since except during a brief period in 1911. Coin to the face value of $23,235,459 has thus been redeemed. The total issue by the Hongkong Government was of the face value of about $44,000,000.

II. SHIPPING AND TRADE, INDUSTRIES, FISHERIES, AGRICULTURE, AND LAND.

(a.)-SHIPPING.

The total of the Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1918 amounted to 579,541 vessels of 29,518,189 tons, which, compared with the figures for 1917, shows a decrease of 53,537 vessels, with a decrease of 4,974,484 tons.

Of the above, 43,436 vessels of 16,955,332 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade, as compared with 48,026 vessels of 20,547,119 tons in 1917, and were distributed as follows:—

1917. Numbers.

1918. Numbers.

1917. Tonnage.

1918. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going ships,

6.3%

5.6%

25.3%

21.4%

Foreign Ocean-

going ships,

8.6

9.8

34.6

36.1

British River

Steamers,

13.8

13:3

19'5

20:3

Foreign River

Steamers,

3.4

3.5

4.1

3:6

Steam Launches

(under

60

tons),...

13.6

13.8

0.9

1.1

Trading Junks, 54:3

54.0

15.6

17.5

100·0

100'0

100.0

100 0

N.B.-The movements of Fishing Junks are not included in

this table.

A

1

:

The currency of the Colony consists, in addition to the notes of these Banks, of British, Hongkong, and Mexican Dollars and of subsidiary coin, which continued at par throughout the year.

The total issue of subsidiary coins, less those demonetized, now amounts to $20,764,370 nominal value, and they were up to the year 1905 readily absorbed at par, large quantities being taken by the neighbouring provinces of China. During 1916 ten cent pieces of the face value of $5,028,000 were shipped to England for purposes of demonetization. The discount which prevailed between 1905 and 1916 may be attributed to the immense quantity of similar coin which was minted at Canton as well as to the amount of Hongkong coin minted largely in excess of the needs of the Colony by itself. In 1905 the Hongkong Government ceased to issue any subsidiary coin and in 1906 it began a policy of demonetising all its subsidiary coin received as revenue. This policy has been continuously followed since except during a brief period in 1911. Coin to the face value of $23,235,459 has thus been redeemed. The total issue by the Hongkong Government was of the face value of about $44,000,000.

II. SHIPPING AND TRADE, INDUSTRIES, FISHERIES, AGRICULTURE, AND LAND.

(a.)-SHIPPING.

The total of the Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1918 amounted to 579,541 vessels of 29,518,189 tons, which, compared with the figures for 1917, shows a decrease of 53,537 vessels, with a decrease of 4,974,484 tons.

Of the above, 43,436 vessels of 16,955,332 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade, as compared with 48,026 vessels of 20,547,119 tons in 1917, and were distributed as follows:—

1917. Numbers.

1918. Numbers.

1917. Tonnage.

1918. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going ships,

6.3%

5.6%

25.3%

21.4%

Foreign Ocean-

going ships,

8.6

9.8

34.6

36.1

British River

Steamers,

13.8

13:3

19'5

20:3

Foreign River

Steamers,

3.4

3.5

4.1

3:6

Steam Launches

(under

60

tons),...

13.6

13.8

0.9

1.1

Trading Junks, 54:3

54.0

15.6

17.5

100·0

100'0

100.0

100 0

N.B.-The movements of Fishing Junks are not included in

this table.

A

1

5

Of vessels of European construction, 3,337 Ocean Steamers, 6 Sailing Ships, 3,660 River Steamers, and 2,986 Steamships not ex- ceeding 60 tons entered during the year, giving a daily average of 27.3 ships, as compared with 29-9 in 1917, and 319 in 1916.

The average tonnage of individual Ocean Vessels entering the Port has decreased from 1,5287 tons to 1,459 2 tons. That of British Ships has decreased from 1,720-3 tons to 1,482 6 tons, while that of Foreign Ships has increased from 1,414'5 tons to 1,4457 tons.

The average tonnage of individual River Steamers entering during the year has increased from 310′2 tons to 4700 tons.

That of British River Steamers has decreased from 5033 tons to 1359 tons, and that of Foreign River Steamers has increased from 393 2 tons to 439-9 tons.

A comparison between the years 1917 and 1918 is given in the following table:----

1917.

1918.

Increase.

Decrease.

Class of Vessels.

No.

Tonnage, No. Tonnage.

No. Tonnage, No. ĮTonnage.

British Ocean- |

going, ForeignOcean- Į

going,

British River

Steamers, Foreign River

Steamers,

3,004 5,168,058 2,444 3,627,576

4,140 7,121,490 4,234 6,117,893

6,665 3,999,537 5,807 3,444,445

1,619 842,696 1,510 612,314

560 1,540,482

.94

|1,003,597

858

555,092

:

:

109

230,382

Steamships

under60 tons

(Foreign

6,531

198,060

6,002

180,738

529

:

17,332

Trade),

Junks, Foreign

Trade,

26,067 3,217,078 | 23,439 | 2,972,366

2,628

244,712

Total, Foreign

Trade,

48,026 20,546,919 | 43,436 | 16,955,332

94

4,684 (3,591,597

Steam Laun-

ches plying in Waters of Colony, Junks, Local

Trade,

548,536 12,423,736 (499,102 ||10,734,658

49,434 1,689,078

*36,516 *1,522,018 |†37,003 | †1,828,199

487 306,181

Grand Total,... 633,078 34,492,673 | 579,511| 29,518,189

581 306,18154,118 5,280,675

Net Decrease,....

53,537 4,974,494

* Including 11,988 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 665,548 tons.

t

29

11,686

"

19

12

99

of 638,884

"

6

This table shows a decrease in British Ocean-going Shipping of 560 ships, or 22-9 per cent, and a decrease of 1,540,482 tons, or 42.4 per cent. This is due to a larger number of coasting steamers and regular lines to India and other countries being chartered by the Government and employed in other waters.

British River Steamers have decreased by 858 ships and 555,092 tons, or 14'8 per cent in numbers and 16′1 per cent. in ton- nage. This is due to the Tai Lee and Wing On being taken over by the Government and employed in other waters, the Nam Hoi changing from British to Chinese flag, the Taishan being sold and trading in other waters, and the San Ui and Lintan changing their flag.

Foreign River Steamers show a decrease of 109 ships of 230,382 tons or 72 per cent. in numbers and 376 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to the Charles Hardouin, Paul Beau, and Licorne being taken off the run and sold.

In Steamships not exceeding 60 tons employed in Foreign Trade there is a decrease of 529 ships and a decrease of 17,322 tons or 88 per cent. in numbers and 90 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to a great number of launches being laid up through coal being too expensive to run them with any margin of profit.

Junks in Foreign Trade show a decrease of 2,628 vessels of 244,712 tons or 11.2 per cent. in numbers and 8.2 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to the unsettled state of South China and the greater prevalence of piracy in the Canton Delta during the year.

In Local Trade (i.e., trade between places within the waters of the Colony), there is a decrease in Steam Launches of 49,434 vessels with a decrease in tonnage of 1,689,078 tons or 99 per cent. in numbers and 157 per cent. in tonnage. This is also due to the number of launches being laid up through the high cost of coal.

Junks in Local Trade show an increase of 487 vessels and 306,181 tons or 13 per cent. in numbers and 1.6 per cent, in tonnage. This is chiefly due to reclamation of foreshores in the Colony being carried out on which to a great extent this trade depends.

The actual number of individual Ocean-going Vessels of European construction during 1918 was 675 of which 162 were British and 513 Foreign. In 1917 the corresponding figures were 750, 259 British and 491 Foreign.

*

7

These 675 ships measured 1,476,594 tons. They entered 3,343 times and gave a collective tonnage of 4,878,119 tons. Thus 75 fewer ships entered 680 fewer times, and gave a collective tonnage reduced by 1,272,215 tons, an average of 1,870′9 tons per entry.

Thus :-

Steamers.

No. of Times entered.

Total Tonnage.

Flag.

1917. 1918. 1917. 1918.

1917.

1918.

British {

Steamers,

257

158

1,501

1,219

Sailing Ships,

2

4

2

Japanese Sailing Ships,

( Steamers,

268

291

1,507

2,582,521 1,803,176 4 3,205 10,121 911 2,110,499 1,744,888

1

75

Norwegian,

37

25

138

108

165,536 128,157

Chinese,

54

66

328

620

335,475 424,965

Danish,

5

6

7

16,360 18,915

Dutch,

42

58

156

133

427,585 334,347

French,

24

20

155

153

250,831 154,474

Portuguese,.

15

142

80

67,972 43,063

Russian,

2

13

6,721

15,244

Siamese,

2

4,072

1.801

Swedish,

2

10,825

8,304

U.S.A. {Sailing Ships,

Steamers,

36

32

74

164,792 187,309

1

1

1,271

Italian,...

1

1

3,420

Belgian Sailing Ship,

1

2,074

No Flag,

1

1

445

Total,.

750 675 4,023 3,343 6,150,3344,878,109

The 162 British ships carried 1,396 British officers and 38 Foreign officers, the latter consisting of 11 Norwegians, 13 Americans, 1 Dane, 4 Swedish, 2 Japanese, 3 Dutch, 1 Belgian, 2 Russians, and 1 Roumanian.

Thus the proportion of Foreign officers in British ships was 2.72 per cent., comprising 9 nationalities, an increase of 7 per cent., with a decrease in number of officers and ships.

The 513 Foreign ships carried 3,437 officers, of whom 57 were British, as follows:-

In Chinese ships

1917. 1918.

42

45

27

Japanese ships-

2

French ships

1

""

21

Russian ships -

United States ships

9

58

57

;

;

!

8

Thus, 16 per cent of the officers serving in Foreign ships were of British nationality, with a decrease in the number of officers and an increase in the number of ships.

The Nationality of the Crews in British and in Foreign Ships was as follows:-

AMERICANS

VESSELS.

BRITISH CREW.

AND

ASIATICS.

EUROPEANS.

1917. 1918. 1917. 1918. 1917. 1918. 1917. 1918.

British,. 259 162 12,889 9,306 699 641 106,555 86,386

513 1,026 751 12,030 9,113 123,219 122,479

Foreign,. 491

Total,

750 675 13,915 10,057 12,729 9,754 229,774 208,865

Hence in British ships:—

And in Foreign ships

1917.

1918.

1917.

1918.

10-72 %

9.66% of the crews were British.

0-75 %

0.58 % of the crews

were British.

0.58 %

0.66% of the crews were other Europeans.

8.83 %

6.88 % of the crews were other Europeans.

88.70 %

89.68 % of the crews were Asiatics.

90-42 %

92.54 % of the crews were Asiatics.

TRADE.

As pointed out in previous years the figures which are given are meagre, and of little value, being derived from reports of ship masters which are given in round figures and several items of cargo are only entered under the heading "General".

In a few cases, I can however give more accurate figures and. these are:-

1917.

IMPORTS.

These show a decrease of 1,041,917 tons compared with the year

Increases are shewn under the headings Beans, Flour, Liquid Fuel, Rice, Sandalwood, Sugar, Timber, and General Cargo, while decreases are shewn in Bulk and Case Oil, Coal, Cotton and Cotton Yarn, Rattan, and Transit Cargo.

9

Beans.-Show an increase of 36,534 tons.

This trade came practically to a standstill in 1917 owing to the troubles in North China.

Flour.-Shows an increase of 3,937 tons due to larger ship- ments from Shanghai.

Liquid Fuel.-Shows an increase of 24,979 tons due to a greater demand by shipping on this commodity for bunkers.

Rice. Shows an increase of 47,952 tons due to the high freights obtainable during the year and large quantities having been dis- charged at this Port for re-shipment to Japan.

Sandalwood.-Shows an increase due to one vessel being available solely for this trade during the year.

Sugar. Shows an increase of 115,423 tons due to former restric- tions placed by the Dutch Authorties in Java being removed.

Timber-Shows a small increase chiefly accounted for through small shipments from Pacific Ports.

General Cargo-Shows an increase of 80,246 tons principally due to larger quantities being discharged at this Port waiting tran- shipment.

Decreases:

Bulk and Case Oil.-Show a decrease of 23,536 tons mainly due to the shortness of tonnage and a smaller demand by Chinese, owing to the danger in carriage through piratical bands in Southern China.

Coal. Shows a decrease of 371,325 tons due to the high prices prevailing and shortness of tonnage.

Cotton Yarn and Cotton.-Show a further decrease this year of 23,556 tons due to the general shortness of tonnage.

Transit Cargo.-Shows a decrease of 935,657 tons principally due to the restrictions on exports for European countries and short- ness of tonnage.

Detailed and accurate statistics of imports and exports are now collected and published by the Imports and Exports Department. The rough statements hitherto included in this report will therefore be discontinued.

OPIUM.

The imports and exports of certificated opium during the year are as follows:

Import,.....

Export,......

Malwa. Chests.

Patna. Benares. Chests. Chests.

Total.

Chests.

135

275

89

4991/

Thirty-seven (37) chests of certificated opium out of 499 chests were exported to Canton, and the rest exported to Shanghai.

:

:

10

·

Four hundred and three (403) chests of Persian opium were imported during the year, and 366 chests were exported to Formosa.

Eight hundred and fifty six (856) chests of uncertificated Indian opium were imported: 456 chests for the Government Monopoly, and the remaining 400 chests for the Macao Opium Farmer.

The table below shows the total imports and exports since 1910-

Stock in hand on

1st January,

Imported during

the year,

1918. 1917. | 1916. 1915. 1914. 1913. 1912. 1911. 1910.

Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests.

799

977|1,3031| 2,256|| 4,580|| 5,560 | 7,587 | 7,123 4,509

1,259 1,657 | 1,706 1,873 3,059 9,1081 12,36121,286 31,743

Total,..... 2,0581|2,634||3,0091|| 4,1291|| 7,640 |14,6681|19,9481 28,109 36,252

Boiled by Opium

Farmer,

36 667 1,113 761

782

Boiled by Govern-

ment,

539 352 365

340

413

Spurious

Opium

destroyed,

1

13

17

19

2

14

Missing or stolen,

1

4

2

9

Exported during

the year,

1,265 1,469 |1,667

2,469

4,911 9,419 13,2644|20,061 28,333

Total,....... 1,805 1,835 2,032

2,826

5,383 10,088 14,388 20,822 29.129

Stock remaining on

31st December,...

253 799977

1,303 2,256 4,580 5,560 7,587 7,123

IMPORTS.

The number and tonnage of ships of European type construc- tion carrying cargo for import and transit compared with 1917 are as follows:-

1917.

1918.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

Steamers,.......

3,570 6,147,054

3,337 | 4,864,643

River Steamers, 4,131 2,416,387 3,660| 2,028,674

233 1,282,411

471

387,713

Sailing Vessels, 2

3,205 6 13,466

10,261

:

Total,... 7,703 8,566,646| 7,003 6,906,783 4 10,261

704 1,670,124

Net Decrease,...

700 1,659,863

1

11

EXPORTS.

The corresponding figures relating to ships of European type of construction, exporting cargo and shipping bunker coal are as follows:-

1917.

1918.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

Steamers, ......| 3,571| 6,139,214|3,332| 4,862,038

River Steamers, 4,153 2,415,845| 3,657| 2,028,085

Sailing Vessels,

...

2391,277,176

496 387,761

3

7,396 3 7,396

Total,... 7,724 8,555,060 | 6,992 6,897,519 3 7,396

Deduct Increase,.. Net Decrease,

735 1,664,937

7.396

732 1,657,541

Exported 2,617,464 tons including River Trade as compared with 2,514,331 tons in 1917.

1917.

1918.

Increase.

Decrease.

Strs.

Bunker Coal.

Strs.

Bunker Coal.

Strs.

Bunker Coal.

Bunker

Strs.

Coal.

Steamers,

3,571

River Steamers, 4,153

407,395 3,332 357,109

76,582 3,657

239

50,286

52,322

496

24,260

Total,... 7,724

483,977 6,989 409,431

735

74,546

Net Decrease,.....

735 74,546

The River Trade, compared with 1917 is shown in the following Table :---

Year.

Imports.

Exports.

Passengers.

1917

391,555

392,472

1,715,317

1918

362,146

399,458

1,410,400

12

The following Table shows the Junk Trade of the Colony for the years 1917 and 1918:

IMPORTS.

1917.

1918.

Foreign Trade,

Junks. Tons. 13.020 1,611,009

Junks. Tons.

11,698 1,501,757

Local Trade,

.12,124

430,111

12,290 1,561,890

Total,

.25,144 2,041,120

23,988 3,063,647

Imported 771,636 tons as under :-*

Tons.

Cattle, 4,185 head,

490

Swine, 19,415

1,139

""

General,

770,007

Total,

771,636

EXPORTS.

1917.

1918.

Junks. Tons.

Junks. Tons.

Foreign Trade, Local Trade,

.13,047 1,596,269 .12,404

11,741

1,470,609

426,359

13,027

627,425

24,768 2,098,034

Total,.....25,451 2,022,628

Exported 961,213 tons as under:

Kerosine, 504,680 cases,

Rice and Padi,

Coal,...

General,

Total,

Tons.

14,555

392,205

129,274

425,179

961,213

Emigration and Immigration.

Forty-three thousand eight hundred and thirty (43,830) emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1918, (96,298 in 1917). Of these, 18,193 were carried in British ships, and 25,637 in Foreign ships.

Seventy-four thousand one hundred and nine (74,109) return- ing emigrants were reported to have been brought to Hongkong from the several places to which they had emigrated either from this Colony or from Coast Ports, as against 98,232 in 1917. Of these 35,109 arrived in British ships and 39,000 in Foreign ships. -

13

Statement of Number of Emigrants to Straits Settlements, 1909 to 1918, compared with Total Chinese Emigration.

No. of Emigrants

to

Straits Settlements.

Total No. of

Emigrants.

1909,

48,016

77,430

1910,

76,705

111,058

1911,

100,906

135,565

1912,

84,024

122,657

1913,

102,353

142,759

1914,

44,974

76,290

1915,

41,278

68,275

1916,

82,797

117,653

1917.

63,292

96,298

>

1918,

39,196

43,830

(b.) INDUSTRIES.

(i.)—Under European Management.

Engineering and Shipbuilding.-The figures are as follows for the years 1917 and 1918-

Taikoo Dockyard and Eng. Co., Ld.,.... Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co., Ld., A King,

Sum Kee,

W. S. Bailey & Co.,

1917.

4 vessels of 8,919 gross tous and 5,850 L.H.P.

7

21

9

14,954 112

""

1)

9,400 96

""

>>

1

"

3

*

42 65

56

""

1

105

**

>

Total,..

26 vessels of 24,092 gross tons and 15,507 I.H.P.

Taikoo Dockyard and Eng. Co., Ld., Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Co., Ld., W. S. Bailey & Co.,

Kwong Tuck Cheong,

Lau Sum Kee,.

1918.

2 vessels of 3,456 gross tons and 1,700 I.H.P.

6

"

6

2

31

I

5,489 150 1,723 1,030

""

12

5,810

200

""

11

19

22

900

""

"1

99

480

""

>>

31

.

Total,...

.17 vessels of 11,848 gross tons and 9,090 I.H.P.

Sugar Refineries. The year 1918 was remarkable for the un- precedented rise in the price of Java raw sugars-from less than f. 5.00 in July to about f. 12.50 in November. Demand in China was strong throughout the major portion of the year, but business was severely curtailed in the early summer through the tonnage restrictions imposed by the Authorities in Java. Thereafter imports were on a heavy scale, and China readily absorbed all available sup- plies of Hongkong Refineds, until the last two months of the year, when the increasing tightness of money, coupled with advances in rates, checked business very considerably. Demand from the Per- sian Gulf continued strong, but business bulked much less than in 1917 owing to the very restricted tonnage available, the greater part of the carrying being done by Japanese bottoms.

Cotton Yarn.-The influence of the war upon the Yarn trade (as upon all business) has been more acutely felt than ever during

:

J

14

the past year, and although there has been a wide range of fluctua- tions in price, the trading has been generally profitable for both merchants and dealers.

American Cotton in Liverpool was priced at 23.20 pence per lb. at the beginning of the year, and at 22.20 at the close. The highest point reached was 25.94 in September.

The year opened with Exchange at 3/- T/T. It rose as high as 3/8 in September and closed at 3/41.

The quantity of Yarn (as of all merchandise) coming to the Colony has been considerably below that of former years, but statis- tics based on values, however, would probably not reveal this conclusively, owing to the high cost of raw materials, freight, insurance, and other charges, which of course swell the value figures as compared with those of quantity.

The off-take by Southern China has been curtailed owing to the high prices now required for most goods, and to the decreased pur- chasing power due to war conditions adversely affecting China's export trade.

Trade has suffered by the political chaos that exists in China and there has been a lack of confidence in native circles caused by many of the usual trade routes being infested by pirates and bandits recruited from the disbanded but unpaid soldiery, which has served to check the free flow of goods and money.

The statistical position of trade in most goods however is sound, and granted settled conditions the prospects of business are encouraging.

Rope Making.-The demand for Manila cordage was not so good and the total turnover showed a falling off from that of the previous twelve months. The high cost of raw materials and in- creased rates of freight were maintained throughout the year and these together with the high exchange greatly affected business with gold standard countries. Not only this but the consumption of rope was naturally affected by war conditions and the demand for cordage especially towards the end of the year fell off considerably.

Cement Making.-The demand continued good during the year although there were still difficulties in obtaining freight room and the high exchange interfered to a large extent with exports to gold standard countries. It was necessary to raise selling prices during the year owing to the high cost of coal but on the whole the the turnover compares favourably with the last two years.

Tin.-Business in this commodity remained about the same as in 1917. Imports from Yunnan during the year amounted to about 12,500 tons and from Kwangsi to about 200 tons as against 11,000 tons and 200 tons respectively in 1917. From Java 500 tons were imported.

During the year about 400 tons were exported to Japan, 1,200 tons to Shanghai and other China Coasts Ports, and 10,700 tons to Europe, Canada, and the United States of America.

1

15

Rattan and Fibre Furniture.-The value of rattan and fibre furniture exported during 1918 declined to $10,000 from $200,000. The value of rattan canes exported was about $1,600,000 and that of grass and reed was about $230,000 as against $1,500,000 and $130,000 respectively in 1917.

Native Tobacco.--Business was about the same as in 1917.

Tinned Goods.-The volume of business done during the year was about the same as in 1917.

Samshu.-The volume on business done during 1918 was about the same as in 1917.

Vinegar. The business was about the same as in 1917. ·

Knitted Vests and Socks.-Business declined by 20 per cent., but prices went up about 15 per cent.

cent.

Leather and Hides. -Business showed a decrease of over 30 per

Ginger and Preserves.-This has been a bad year, owing to the absence of orders from Europe and America.

Soy.-About 400 casks were exported in 1918 as compared with 950 casks in 1917.

Paper.-Business in this article maintained the same level in 1918 as in 1917, though prices went up by over 30 per cent. Of the papers imported during the year about 80 per cent. were of Japanese manufacture.

Vermilion. The business.done in 1918 amounted to about $700,000 as compared with about $600,000 in 1917.

1917.

Lard.--Business declined by 50 per cent. as compared with

(c.)-FISHERIES.

A considerable proportion of the boat population of Hongkong supports itself by deep-sea fishing, in which pursuit a large number of junks are engaged. The villages of Aberdeen, Stanley, Shauki- wan, and also many in the New Territories, are largely dependent upon this industry for their prosperity. Fresh water fish is im- ported from Canton and the West River. There are oyster beds of considerable value in Deep Bay.

(d.)-FORESTRY, AGRICULTURE, AND BOTANY.

About 35,000 pine tree seedlings were planted on the hills in the vicinity of the Fanling Golf Course, over 8,000 in the Cheung- shawan catchment area and 1,000 on Cheung Chau Island.

On the hills east of the Fanling Golf Course, pine tree seeds were sown in situ from which about 105,000 trees have been raised.

At Aberdeen nearly 9,000 pine trees were raised from seeds sown in situ.

}

17

(e.)-LAND GRANTS AND GENERAL VALUE OF LAND,

The net amount of premium received from sales of Crown land and pier rights for the year 1918 was $243,530, an increase of $95,444 on the preceding year and $59,538 more than the average for the past five years.

The principal items were $42,980 in respect of an extension of Kowloon Marine Lot No. 27 and Hunghom Inland Lot No. 218, $25,800 in respect of Aberdeen Inland Lots Nos. 81 to 88, $23,174 in respect of Hunghom Inland Lots Nos. 257 and 258, and $19,116 in respect of Kowloon Inland Lot No. 1357.

In the New Territories the net amount received for premium on sales of land was $54,052 being an increase of $42,430 on the preceding year.

The number of deeds registered in the Land Office was 2,922 or 98 more than the preceding year, the total consideration being $47,726,785 as against $42,666,837 in 1917.

The Government resumed several large areas during the year, including Kowloon Marine Lot No. 83, Kowloon Inland Lot No. 1178, and section A of Farm Lot No. 22.

The total area of land granted during the year was 890 acres of which 6641 acres were situated in the New Territories; the total area of land resumed was 481 acres.

In the Northern District of the New Territories there was rather less demand for house sites and agricultural land but this was more than made up for by increased demand for land for growing fruit and other trees. Applicants have in several cases been allowed to purchase grave sites on the more remote hillsides on condition of planting the neighbourhood with trees, a condition which they are quite ready to accept.

In the Southern District the demand for land has been about the same as in previous years.

III. LEGISLATION.

Fifteen Ordinances were passed during 1918 of which six were amendments of previous Ordinances.

The most important matters with which these Ordinances dealt were the Indecent Exhibitions (No. 3), Bills of Exchange (Time of Noting) (No. 4), Claims against Enemies (No. 5), Peak District (Residence) (No. 8), General Military Service (No. 9), Copyright (No. 11), and Opium (No. 13).

18

IV. EDUCATION.

No important changes have taken place in the Education Department during the year under review. The Staff has been depleted by causes due to the war, but the deficiency has been met in part by the appointment of Mistresses resident in the Colony.

The total number of pupils at schools in the Colony excluding the Police School and the uncontrolled schools in the New Terri- tories are:--

Number of Pupils.

Total.

English

Vernacular

Schools.

Schools.

Government Schools,

2,813

2,813

Military Schools,

110

110

Excluded Private Schools,

657

26

683

Grant Schools,

1,727

1,587

3,314

Controlled

Private

Schools,

3,131

13,837

16,968

Controlled

Private

Schools, New Terri-

tories,

1,132

1,132

Technical Institute,

524

524

Total, -

8,962

16,582

25,544

The most important schools, apart from the excluded schools, are Queen's College for Chinese, four District Schools its feeders, and the Belilios Public School for Chinese girls. There is an Indian School of growing importance now housed in a new building pre- sented to the Colony by Sir Ellis Kadoorie. Kowloon School and Victoria School for children of British parentage have an average attendance of about 120. There is also a school for the children of the Peak District. The Diocesan School and Orphanage and St. Joseph's College are important boys' schools in receipt of an annual grant. The Italian, French, and St. Mary's Convents, and the Diocesan Girls' School, are the most important of the English Grant Schools for girls.

The Hongkong Technical Institute affords an opportunity for higher education of students who have left school. Instruction was given in 1918 in Mathematics, Machine Drawing, Architectural Design, and Building Construction; in Chemistry and Physics; in Commerical English, Logic, and Political Economy; and in French, Shorthand, and Book-keeping. Classes in Sanitation (Public Hygiene) are also held, the examinations being conducted under the auspices of the Royal Sanitary Institute, London. Classes for Men and Women Teachers, both "English" and "Vernacular", are a feature of the Institute.

The Lecturers are recruited from the members of the Medical and Educational faculties of the Colony, and from the Department

20

of machinery and apparatus, and has a number of laboratories and workshops. There is practically no place in China where students have such an opportunity of seeing all kinds of machinery in actual working and of learning their practical management. Several graduates have obtained an Honour's Degree awarded by the Examiners of the London University.

The University insists upon all students having a proper know- ledge of their own language although instruction at the University is carried out in English. Students are required to pass an examina- tion in written Chinese before entering, and two Chinese Professors, both Hanlin graduates, give lectures on the classics and history of China.

V.—PUBLIC WORKS.

The extension of the Central Police Station referred to in last year's report was practically at a standstill throughout the year as the iron girders and stanchions required did not arrive until Decem- ber. An extension of the Harbour Office building, erected in 1907, which will form the northern section of an extensive range of offices for the Imports and Exports Department, was begun.

The market at Shamshuipo was completed. A site for a market at Tai O (Lantao Island) was reclaimed from the sea, the erection of the building itself being well advanced.

The erection of a second block of quarters for subordinate officers (6 houses) in Kowloon, near King's Park, was begun.

The construction of the additional service reservoir and filter beds for the supply of the western section of the City was nearly completed. The laying of an additional supply main from the Kowloon Storage Reservoir to Yaumati was begun with surplus pipes remaining from the Taitam Tuk Water Works. Operations had to be suspended however as, owing to the War, the additional pipes required were not obtainable.

The new road past Aberdeen Village and the extensive improve- ments of the old road in the neighbourhood of the Aberdeen Docks were completed. The widening and improvement of the old road, extending from the Aberdeen Paper Mills to near Little Hongkong Village, where it joins the new road constructed in 1915, was under- taken. The construction of a new road from Repulse Bay to a point about half a mile east of Stanley, and the widening and improve- ment of the old road from this point onwards to where it joins the new road crossing Taitam Tuk Dam were undertaken in the begin- ning of the year. Fair progress had been made by the close of the

year.

The new road from the north end of Taitam Tuk Dam to a point about 200 yards beyond Taitam Gap was completed and operations for the widening and improvement of the old road from this point onwards to Shauki wan were begun. On the completion of these works, a motor road, about 24 miles in length, encircling the greater part of the Island of Hongkong will be available. Before the route can be regarded as satisfactory for motor traffic, however,

21

some improvements are required in the case of the Victoria Road, which was constructed in 1903 and which forms a section of the road referred to.

In Kowloon, the construction of a new road to afford more direct access to the southern portion of the Taikoktsui peninsula was undertaken, the work being well advanced by the close of the year.

In the New Territories, extensive improvements in that portion of the Tai Po Road between the 9th and 18th milestones were under- taken. The road from Au Tau to Castle Peak Bay was further widened from 16 feet to 20 feet and a still further widening to 40 feet of that portion which skirts the village of Un Long was undertaken. The new road from the 3rd milestone on the Tai Po Road to beyond Tsun Wan Village was completed and an extension of the same road along the coast to Castle Peak Bay, a distance of about 104 miles was undertaken early in the year, the work being well advanced by its close.

Kowloon Marine Lot 83 and Kowloon Inland Lot 1178, situated in Hunghom Bay, were resumed by Government with a view to future railway developments and the provision of facilities for discharging and loading vessels. With the same objects in view, arrangements were made with the China Light and Power Company, whereby their present premises, situated on Hunghom Inland Lot 226, will revert to Government whenever their power station has been transferred to a new site granted by Government.

For the improvement of roads in the City of Victoria, I.L.1375 and a portion of I.L.59 were resumed in order to improve dangerous bends in Caine Road, whilst a portion of M.L.239 was resumed in order to widen Belchers Street to 50 feet. In Kowloon, several resumptions and readjustments were carried out in connection with a scheme for widening Canton Road, Battery Street, and portions of Reclamation and Shanghai Streets so as to form a thoroughfare with a minimum width of 60 feet. Portions of Kowloon 1.L.s 106 to 109 were resumed to admit of development on suitable lines of certain Crown land adjoining Nathan Road. Certain lots and buildings were. resumed to provide for the future construction of a main road, 100 feet in width, from Hunghom to Kowloon City.

The riding floors known as No. 148 Des Voeux Road West were resumed in order to improve the sanitary conditions of the locality.

The work of providing scavenging lanes continues, compensation being paid where necessary.

Substantial progress was made with the Shamshuipo Improve- ment Scheme, many of the old village houses being demolished and replaced with new houses fronting on good, wide roads.

The Government having decided to exercise greater control over the ferry services between the City of Victoria and the western side of the Kowloon Peninsula, the various piers hitherto used by such ferries, with the exception of one which is situated in front of private property, were resumed by Government. Extensive repairs were

23

and the transference of passengers across the breach. On the Chinese Section a slip occurred between Pu Kut and Li Long and through traffic was suspended until August 9th.

The Revenue derived from Local Traffic amounted to $167,579.65 and from Through and Joint Sectional Traffic to $265,694.78.

The Working Expenses amounted to $356,221.07 showing a balance of Earnings over Expenditure of $77,053.36.

The Through and Joint Sectional Passengers carried were as follows:--

Passengers booked by Stations in British Territory to Stations in China,..

Passengers booked by Stations

in China to Stations in British Territory,

1916. 1917: 1918.

307,310 309,394 307,494

344,220 352,008 323,642

VI. GOVERNMENT AND AIDED INSTITUTIONS.

(a.)-HOSPITALS.

Government Hospitals consist of the Civil Hospital, to which is attached an isolated Maternity Hospital, the Victoria Hospital for Women and Children, and the Kennedy Town Infectious Dis- eases Hospital. There is an Observation Station capable of accom- modating 1,500 persons in the event of an outbreak of infectioas disease on board a ship arriving in the Harbour.

as

The Civil Hospital contains 150 beds in 19 wards. 3,677 in- patients and 14,480 out-patients were treated during 1918 as against 3,292 and 13,065 respectively in 1917. 211 cases of malarial fever were admitted as against 361 in 1917 and 360 in 1916. But the total cases of malaria for all Government Hospitals and the Tung Wa Hospital shows a decrease of 434 cases compared with the year 1917. The Maternity Hospital contains 12 beds for Europeans and 4 for Asiatics. 377 confinements occurred during the year as against 309 in 1917. The Victoria Hospital at the Peak contains 41 beds, and during 1918, 147 patients were under treatment there. At Kennedy Town Hospital, which contains 26 beds, 26 cases were treated in 1918, all being infectious.

(b.)-LUNATIC ASYLUM.

The Asylum is under the direction of the Superintendent of the Civil Hospital. European and Chinese patients are separated, the European portion containing 8 beds in separate wards and the Chinese portion 16 beds. 217 patients of all races were treated during 1918 and there were 7 deaths.

T

24

(c.)—THE TUNG WA AND OTHER CHINESE HOSPITALS.

The Tung Wa Hospital, opened in 1872, is mainly supported: by the voluntary subscriptions of Chinese, but receives an annual grant of $8,000 from the Government. Only Chinese are treated in this institution. Various other services not appertaining to a hospital are performed by the institution, such as the free burial of the poor, the repatriation of destitutes, and the organisation of charitable relief in emergencies. Chinese as well as European methods of treatment are employed in accordance with the wishes expressed by the patients or their friends. About half the number are now treated by Western methods. The hospital is managed by a committee of Chinese gentlemen annually elected, their appointment being submitted to the Governor for confirmation. It is under the supervision of a visiting physician, who is a member of the Medical Department, whilst two Chinese house surgeons, trained in Western medicine, are members of the hospital staff. There are 323 beds in the buildings and 6,562 patients were accommodated during 1918.

The Tung Wa also maintain a branch hospital for small-pox cases (Chinese only) at Kennedy Town. It contains 58 beds and during 1918, 5 cases were treated.

The Alice Memorial and Affiliated Hospitals are managed and controlled by the missionaries resident in Hongkong, agents of the London Missionary Society, and consist of the Alice Memorial Hospital opened in 1887, the Nethersole Hospital opened in 1893, the Alice Memorial Maternity Hospital opened in 1904, and the Ho Miu Ling Hospital opened in 1906. The number of in-patients in 1918 was 1,593 and the expenditure $23,128.76. The number of labours in the Maternity Hospital was 543. The Government makes a grant of $300 per annum to these Hospitals.

To avoid the complete seclusion from friends and relatives, which removal of Chinese plague patients to the Kennedy Town Infectious Diseases Hospital entailed, four District Plague Hospitals are now maintained by the Chinese in various parts of the Colony. These hospitals are under the management of the Chinese Public Dispensaries Committee,

The new Kwong Wa Hospital for Chinese in the Kowloon Peninsula was opened on the 9th October, 1911. It occupies a site having an area of 3 acres and provides accommodation for 210 patients. The existing buildings contain 70 beds and 2,336 patients were accommodated during 1918. The collection of subscriptions and the supervision of the building were undertaken by a special committee under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. The hospital receives a grant of $8,500 per annum from the Government.

As will be noticed from the remarks made under the heading Education the Hongkong University is an Aided Institution.

יו

25

VII.-INSTITUTIONS NOT SUPPORTED BY GOVERNMENT.

One of the most important institutions in the Colony not sup- ported by the Government is the Matilda Hospital, which stands on a commanding site of nearly three acres at Mount Kellet in the Hill District. An account of this hospital will be found in the report for 1917.

Among institutions recognised and encouraged, but not to any considerable extent supported by Government may be mentioned the Pó Leung Kuk, the Eyre Refuge, the City Hall, and the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

The Pó Leung Kuk is a Chinese Society founded in 1878 for the suppression of kidnapping and traffic in human beings. It was incorporated in 1893 and is presided over by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs and not more than nine directors nominated by the Governor. The actual management is entrusted to a committee elected annually by the members of the Society. The Society's buildings have been declared a Refuge under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance, and almost all women and girls detained by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under that Ordinance are sent to the Pó Leung Kuk. During 1918 the number of persons admitted was 356 and at the close of the year 53 remained under the care of the Society. The inmates are under the immediate charge of a Chinese matron, and instruction is given them by the matron and a Chinese teacher in elementary subjects and in needlework.

The Eyre Diocesan Refuge is an institution, under mission auspices, founded for rescue work among the Chinese. It was housed in the Belilios Reformatory up to the outbreak of war, but the work is at present carried on at Kowloon City. A small grant is made by the Government.

The City Hall receives an annual grant of $1,200 from Govern- ment. It contains a theatre, some large rooms which are used for balls, meetings, concerts, etc., a museum in which are some very fair specimens, and a large reference and lending library, to which new volumes are added from time to time, as funds will allow. The building was erected in 1866-9 by subscription.

Small grants are also given to the Indian Convent, the French Convent, (both of which take in and tend abandoned or sick infants), the West Point Orphange, the Seamen's Hospital, and other chari- table institutions.

The Chinese Public Dispensaries are institutions maintained in order to provide the Chinese with the services of doctors, whose certificates will be accepted by the Registrar of Deaths, and with the services of interpreters, who can assist the inmates of houses, where a case of infectious disease has occurred. Coolies are engaged and ambulances and dead vans provided in order to remove cases of in- fectious disease to the Infectious Diseases Hospital and dead bodies to the Mortuary. The Dispensaries receive sick infants and send

26

them to one or other of the Convents and arrange for the burial of dead infants. Free advice and medicine are given and patients are attended at their houses. There are eight Dispensaries in existence. The total cost of maintenance was $40,185.59 for the year 1918. The Government makes an annual grant of $2,000, and the rest of the cost is defrayed by voluntary subscription. The Dispensaries are conducted by committees under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

VIII.-CRIMINAL AND POLICE.

The total of all cases reported to the Police was 8,449, being a decrease of 1,059 or 11·14 per cent. as compared with 1917. There was in 1918 an increase in serious offences of 153 or 4:47 per cent. as compared with the previous year. The number of serious offences reported was 253 over the average of the quinquennial period com- mencing with the year 1914. The number of minor offences reported shows a decrease of 1,212 as compared with 1917 and was 1,315 below the average of the quinquennial period.

The total strength of the Police Force in 1918 was Europeans 159, Indians 481, Chinese 588, making a total of 1,228 (as compared with 1,229 in 1917) exclusive of the five superior officers and staff of clerks and coolies. These figures include police paid for by the Railway and other Government Departments. Of this force 16 Europeans, 121 Indians, and 36 Chinese were stationed in the New Territories during the year.

Up to the end of the year one Assistant Superintendent, one Probationer, and 67 members of the Hongkong Police Force had proceeded on active service.

The District Watchmen Force, numbering 100, to which the Government contributes $2,000 per annum, was well supported by the Chinese during the year. These watchmen patrol the streets in the Chinese quarter of the City. They are placed on police beats and are supervised by the European police on section patrol.

The total number of persons committed to Victoria Gaol was 3,577 as compared with 3,386 in 1917. Of these 1,498 were com- mitted for criminal offences, against 1,734 in 1917. Of committals for non-criminal offences there were 5 more for hawking with- out a licence, and 2 less for unlawfully boarding steamers, than in 1917.

The daily average of prisoners confined in the Gaol was 601, the average for 1917 being 600, and the highest previous average being 726 in 1904. The percentage of prisoners to population, according to the daily average of the former and the estimated number of the latter, was 0.10. The average percentage for the last ten years was 0-12. Owing, however, to the large floating population, which is constantly moving between the Colony and Canton, the percentage

26

them to one or other of the Convents and arrange for the burial of dead infants. Free advice and medicine are given and patients are attended at their houses. There are eight Dispensaries in existence. The total cost of maintenance was $40,185.59 for the year 1918. The Government makes an annual grant of $2,000, and the rest of the cost is defrayed by voluntary subscription. The Dispensaries are conducted by committees under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

VIII.-CRIMINAL AND POLICE.

The total of all cases reported to the Police was 8,449, being a decrease of 1,059 or 11·14 per cent. as compared with 1917. There was in 1918 an increase in serious offences of 153 or 4:47 per cent. as compared with the previous year. The number of serious offences reported was 253 over the average of the quinquennial period com- mencing with the year 1914. The number of minor offences reported shows a decrease of 1,212 as compared with 1917 and was 1,315 below the average of the quinquennial period.

The total strength of the Police Force in 1918 was Europeans 159, Indians 481, Chinese 588, making a total of 1,228 (as compared with 1,229 in 1917) exclusive of the five superior officers and staff of clerks and coolies. These figures include police paid for by the Railway and other Government Departments. Of this force 16 Europeans, 121 Indians, and 36 Chinese were stationed in the New Territories during the year.

Up to the end of the year one Assistant Superintendent, one Probationer, and 67 members of the Hongkong Police Force had proceeded on active service.

The District Watchmen Force, numbering 100, to which the Government contributes $2,000 per annum, was well supported by the Chinese during the year. These watchmen patrol the streets in the Chinese quarter of the City. They are placed on police beats and are supervised by the European police on section patrol.

The total number of persons committed to Victoria Gaol was 3,577 as compared with 3,386 in 1917. Of these 1,498 were com- mitted for criminal offences, against 1,734 in 1917. Of committals for non-criminal offences there were 5 more for hawking with- out a licence, and 2 less for unlawfully boarding steamers, than in 1917.

The daily average of prisoners confined in the Gaol was 601, the average for 1917 being 600, and the highest previous average being 726 in 1904. The percentage of prisoners to population, according to the daily average of the former and the estimated number of the latter, was 0.10. The average percentage for the last ten years was 0-12. Owing, however, to the large floating population, which is constantly moving between the Colony and Canton, the percentage

27

of crime to population does not convey an accurate idea of the comparative criminality of the residents of the Colony. The Gaol has accommodation for 707 prisoners.

The prison discipline was satisfactory, the average of punish- ments per prisoner being 1:05 as compared with 1.36 in 1917 and 1.34 in 1916.

Long sentence prisoners serving two years and upwards are taught useful trades, including printing, book-binding, tin-smithing, mat-making, tailoring, carpentering, etc. The profit on the work done was $69,202 as against $67,333 in 1917. A sum of $3,954 was received and credited to Government for non-Government work against $3,601 in 1917.

IX.-VITAL STATISTICS,

(a.)-POPULATION.

The civil population of the Colony, according to the Census taken on May 20th, 1911, was 456,739, of whom 104,287 reside in the New Territories and in New Kowloon; at the Census taken in 1906 it was 301,967 exclusive of the New Territories and of New Kowloon. The estimated total population at the middle of the year under review was 561,500, but this includes the New Territories; and, as the birth and death figures given below do not include those from this area (with the exception of New Kowloon), the popula- tion for the purposes of calculating these rates is estimated at 548,000, of whom 13,500 were Non-Chinese.

The distribution of population estimated to the middle of 1918 was as follows:

Non-Chinese Civil Community,

.13,500

Chinese

Population.

City of Victoria (including Peak),. Villages of Hongkong,

299,450

15,300

Kowloon (including New Kowloon),

80,200

New Territories,

93,400

59,650

548,000

561,500

Population afloat,

Total Chinese Population,

Total Civil Population,

(6.)-PUBLIC HEALTH AND SANITATION.

The activity in building operations, which has been so notice- able a feature since 1912, has not abated, and the demand for housing accommodation by the Chinese continued to be greatly in excess of the supply, as many of those who fled with their families to Hongkong during 1911, 1912, and 1913 elected to remain in the Colony.

28

The corrected birth-rate for the year was 44 per 1,000 among the Chinese community, and 22.1 per 1,000 among the Non-Chinese community, as compared with 6.9 and 20.8 for 1917.

The death-rate for the year was 29.6 per 1,000 among the Chinese community and 19-5 among the Non-Chinese community, as compared with 23-7 and 14.00 for 1917.

The number of deaths from Malaria (398) shows a decrease on the previous year (416). The deaths of Chinese from this cause in the City of Victoria. numbered 176 out of a population of 299,450 or a rate of 0.6 per 1,000 per annum.

The deaths from Plague numbered 251 as compared with 35 in 1917.

Small-pox deaths numbered 26, all Chinese.

There were 3,169 deaths from respiratory diseases as compared with 2,248 in 1917, and 51 of these were among the Non-Chinese community. Pulmonary Tuberculosis claimed 118 Chinese and 6 Non-Chinese victims whilst other forms of Tuberculosis represent an additional 616 deaths making a total of 740, or 54 per cent. of the total deaths among the community.

Beri-beri was responsible for 804 deaths, as compared with 654 during 1917 and 517 in 1916. During the past few years circulars have been distributed to all large employers of coolie labour calling their attention to the fact that Beri-beri is produced by the consumption of white rice as the staple article of diet with- out a sufficiency of other foods, and advising that beans should be supplied with the rice, when fresh meat or fresh fish cannot be afforded.

A tabular statement of the principal causes of death is appended.

(c.)-CLIMATE.

The principal features of the weather in 1918 were:-

(a) The continuance until the end of February of the fine dry weather which commenced at the beginning of November 1917.

(b) The heavy rains of June (24-795 ins.) August (29·230 ins.) and September (18·450 ins.).

(c) A typhoon which passed about 40 miles to the south-west of Hongkong, on the morning of August 15th. A squall at the rate of 94 miles an hour was recorded by the Dines Baxendell Anemograph at 6. 10m. a.m.. Very little damage occurred at Hongkong.

January was a record month as regards most elements. Baro- metric pressure and sunshine were the greatest on record, and the temperature, humidity and cloudiness the least on record. The wind direction (NE by E) was with 1890, 1898 and 1899, the most northerly on record, and the wind velocity was only 0.2 m.p.h. greater than the least on record (1916).

:

=

29

Barometric pressure was considerably above normal in January and considerably below in July. Departures from normal in other months were small. The mean pressure for the year at station level was 29.847ins. as against 29.845ins. in 1917, and 29.844. for the past 35 years. The highest pressure was 30-391ins. on January 8th as against 30-494. in 1917 and 30-509ins for the past 35 years. The lowest pressure was 29.108ius. on August 15th as against 29-078ins. in 1917 and 28-735is for the past 35 years.

The monthly departures of temperature from normal were small, except in January when the mean temperature was no less than 508 below normal. The mean temperature for the year was 710-2 as against 71°-0 in 1917 and 71°-8 for the past 35 years. The highest temperature was 91° 2 on July 14th as against 90°-8 in 1917 and 970 for the past 35 years. The lowest temperature was 42°.1 on January 9th as against 38°8 in 1917 and 32°0 for the past 35 years.

The rainfall was considerably below the average from January to May and considerably above the average in June, August and September. The total for the year was 101-605ins the greatest on record since 1894, when it was 104.25 inches. The greatest fall in one civil day was 7.395 inches on August 3rd and the greatest in one hour was 2:420 ins. between 1 a.m. and 2 a.m. September 21st.

on

The wind velocity was considerably below normal in January, April, June (the lowest on record) and October. In August it was moderately above normal, owing to the passage of two typhoons. The mean velocity for the year was 116 m.p.h. as against 11·2 m.p.h. in 1917 and 12.7 m.p.h. for the past 35 years. The maximum velocity for one hour as recorded by the Beckley Anemograph was 63 miles at 6h on August 15th as against 63 miles in 1917 and 108 for the past 35 years. The maximum squall velocity, as recorded by the Dines Baxendell Anemograph, was at the rate of 94 m.p.h. at 6 10 a.m. on August 15th as against 93 m.p.h. in 1917 and 105 m.p.h. for the past 9 years.

The climate of Hongkong is similar in its broad features to that of Kowloon and the New Territories, but at the higher levels, from 1,400 to 1,800 feet above sea level the temperature is usually from 3 to 6 lower than at the Observatory, Kowloon. The humidity is usually greater than in Kowloon and approaches satura- tion for several days at a time during March and April when mist is very prevalent. In summer the city of Victoria, and the rising terraces behind it, derive little or no benefit from the SW monsoon, being sheltered by steep hills from SE to SW. In winter it is exposed to the NE monsoon, which occasionally blows along the harbour through Lyemun Pass with considerable violence. On the other hand the South-west side of the Island is protected from the NE monsoon in winter and enjoys the benefit of the SW mon- soon in summer,

7

30

X.-POSTAL AND TELEGRAPH SERVICES.

The total revenue from the Postal Service in 1918 amounted to $427,132.88 being $23,263.01 more than that collected in 1917. The net expenditure after deducting the sum of $70,276.74 (£12,591. 5s. Od. at 3/7 per $) refunded to this Colony by the Post Office of the United Kingdom in respect of the period 1st July, 1917, to 30th September, 1918, on account of the suspension of the P. & 0. Mail Contract Service (Bombay-Shanghai Section) amounted to $156,107.69, being less than that of 1917 by $103,107.14 due to the high rate of exchange prevailing during the year under review and the refund referred to above. The balance of revenue over expenditure amounted to $271,025.19. The Bombay to Shanghai Section of the P. & O. Contract Mail Service was suspended throughout the year. Mails superscribed for the Suez route were, as a rule, forwarded from here to Bombay to connect with the home- bound P. & O. packets sailing from there. The Pacific route either via Canada or via the United States was regularly used throughout the year for the transmission of mails for Europe.

The Parcel Post Service to the United Kingdom viâ Canada was suspended as from 10th May, owing to transport difficulties in the Atlantic.

Through the courtesy of Messrs. Butterfield & Swire to whom the thanks of the Post Office Department are due facilities were granted for the exchange of direct Parcel Post Mails with the United Kingdom via Suez by vessels for which they are Agents.

The revenue collected in 1918 from radio-telegrams amounted to $24,011.25 being $699.70 more than that collected in 1917. Advices of vessels signalled at the Lighthouses yielded $437.00 and semaphore messages $5.35 making a total of $24,453.60 for the Telegraphic Service. The expenditure amounted to $25,100.73. The number of radio-telegrams forwarded during the year was 1,117, consisting of 108,330 words, and 1,475 received consisting of 19,243 words.

XI-GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.

The outstanding event of the year was the conclusion of hostilities in Europe. In this remote Colony the effects of the war have been felt less directly than in many parts of H.M. Dominions; but Hongkong gave of her best, in money and in men of British race, and at least she has no reason to feel ashamed of the small but steadfast part which she played in the great adventure.

The world-wide dearth of shipping for mercantile purposes had a marked effect upon the trade of the Colony, which is so entirely dependent upon ships for its prosperity. Trade with the United Kingdom was much reduced in volume, but the trade routes across the Pacific Ocean were well supplied by Japanese vessels, and markets which had formerly taken British goods turned towards America and Japan..

¿

7

30

X.-POSTAL AND TELEGRAPH SERVICES.

The total revenue from the Postal Service in 1918 amounted to $427,132.88 being $23,263.01 more than that collected in 1917. The net expenditure after deducting the sum of $70,276.74 (£12,591. 5s. Od. at 3/7 per $) refunded to this Colony by the Post Office of the United Kingdom in respect of the period 1st July, 1917, to 30th September, 1918, on account of the suspension of the P. & 0. Mail Contract Service (Bombay-Shanghai Section) amounted to $156,107.69, being less than that of 1917 by $103,107.14 due to the high rate of exchange prevailing during the year under review and the refund referred to above. The balance of revenue over expenditure amounted to $271,025.19. The Bombay to Shanghai Section of the P. & O. Contract Mail Service was suspended throughout the year. Mails superscribed for the Suez route were, as a rule, forwarded from here to Bombay to connect with the home- bound P. & O. packets sailing from there. The Pacific route either via Canada or via the United States was regularly used throughout the year for the transmission of mails for Europe.

The Parcel Post Service to the United Kingdom viâ Canada was suspended as from 10th May, owing to transport difficulties in the Atlantic.

Through the courtesy of Messrs. Butterfield & Swire to whom the thanks of the Post Office Department are due facilities were granted for the exchange of direct Parcel Post Mails with the United Kingdom via Suez by vessels for which they are Agents.

The revenue collected in 1918 from radio-telegrams amounted to $24,011.25 being $699.70 more than that collected in 1917. Advices of vessels signalled at the Lighthouses yielded $437.00 and semaphore messages $5.35 making a total of $24,453.60 for the Telegraphic Service. The expenditure amounted to $25,100.73. The number of radio-telegrams forwarded during the year was 1,117, consisting of 108,330 words, and 1,475 received consisting of 19,243 words.

XI-GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.

The outstanding event of the year was the conclusion of hostilities in Europe. In this remote Colony the effects of the war have been felt less directly than in many parts of H.M. Dominions; but Hongkong gave of her best, in money and in men of British race, and at least she has no reason to feel ashamed of the small but steadfast part which she played in the great adventure.

The world-wide dearth of shipping for mercantile purposes had a marked effect upon the trade of the Colony, which is so entirely dependent upon ships for its prosperity. Trade with the United Kingdom was much reduced in volume, but the trade routes across the Pacific Ocean were well supplied by Japanese vessels, and markets which had formerly taken British goods turned towards America and Japan..

¿

31

In order to protect as far as possible the essential interests of the Colony the Government took over early in the year the control of seventeen British ships registered in Hongkong and Shanghai. These vessels were the only British ships remaining on the China Coast which were not under the Imperial liner requisition scheme and had not been taken over by the Imperial Government, for whose purposes they were unsuitable. The owners gave their loyal co- operation, and the tonnage thus acquired served a most useful purpose, the ships being diverted as occasion demanded to meet the Colony's more pressing needs.

The political dissensions and domestic disputes, which have for some time past formed so unfortunate a feature of Chinese national life, continued throughout the year, to the grave detriment of trade in the Kwong Tung and Kwong Sai Provinces. The prevalent lawlessness led to a considerable influx of bad characters into Hongkong, with a consequent increase in crimes of violence, four members of the Police Force being murdered on one occasion by an armed gang of desperadoes. The most stringent measures were taken to cope with the situation, and they were attended with marked success.

The close supervision of the trade of the port, which was rendered necessary by the war, has made it possible to collect accurate trade statistics, and the first complete returns in the his- tory of the Colony, covering the year 1918, have now been published. The necessary steps are being taken for the proper compilation of the returns in future years, after war conditions have ceased.

In the early part of 1918 there occurred a severe epidemic of cerebro-spinal meningitis which caused some 968 deaths. In con- sequence of this outbreak the Government of the Straits Settlements prohibited for some months the immigration of coolie labour from Hongkong into Singapore, and the local boarding house keepers and others interested in the business suffered heavily in sequence

A series of earthquake shocks in February caused some alarm though the resulting damage was inconsiderable. The neighbour- ing port of Swatow suffered very severely.

In the same month, in the course of the annual race meeting, some temporary stands which were occupied mainly by Chinese collapsed and were almost immediately consumed by fire, over 600 persons losing their lives.

In June an Ordinance was passed for the raising of a force for Military Service outside the Colony, its application being confined to men of British race. The very large majority of available men. of military age had already left as volunteers for active service but certain of the younger men, who were retained in essential occupa- tions pressed to have their position made clear, and a tribunal was accordingly established with powers to decide who should be required to go, and who should remain exempt. In the result the tribunal dealt with 206 men and decided that 54 should be sent on acitve service.

Light Dues ...

HEADS OF REVENUE.

Light Dues, Special Assessment

AI

FINANCIAL RETU

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF THE REVENUE AND F

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise specified

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes,

and Reimbursements in Aid

Post Office

Kowloon-Canton Railway

Revenue for

Estimates, 1918.

Actual Revenue to

31st Dec., 1918.

same

period of

Increase.

Dec

preceding

Year.

$

$

75,000

52,816.92

68,656.82

15.

85,000

63,105.94

79,810.39

16,

11,485.560 15,201,189.3111,770,513.81 | 3,430,675.50

...

896,170

913,793.76 934,835.53

433,500 451.586.48 427,687.27 23,899.21

437,000 433:274-43 428,246.46

5,027.97

Rent of Government Property, Land, and Houses

970,600 1,010,245.71 955,559-75

54,685.96

Interest

Miscellaneous Receipts

48,000 99,302.02 64,699.81 34,602.21

21,

:

132,760 140,644.61 167,080.54

26,

TOTAL, (exclusive of Land Sales)

14,563,590 18,365,959.18 |14,897,090.48 3,548,890.85

80,

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

TOTAL,

Deduct

Net...

...

**

200,000 299,289.23 161,014.23 138,275.00

14,763,590 18,665,248.41 15,058,104.71 | 3,687,165.85

80,022.15

$3,607,143.70

80,0

Appendix A.

RETURNS FOR THE YEAR 1918.

· AND EXPENDITURE FOR THE PERIOD ENDED 31ST DECEMBER, 1918.

e.

Decrease.

HEADS OF EXPENDITURE.

Estimates, 1918.

Actual Expenditure to 31st Dec., 1918.

Expenditure for same period of preceding Year.

Increase.

Decrease.

$

$

$

15,839.90

Governor

84,088.00

73,307.67

So,406.11

S

7,098.44

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legislature ...

81,722.00

60,689.31

67,599.98

6,910.67

16,704.45

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

57,487.00

50,117.67

51,857.18

1,749-51

Audit Department ..

.50

36,581.00

32,840.82 31,820.61

1,020.21

.21

.97

S

96

21

Treasury

21,041.87

Harbour Master's Department

Imports & Exports Department ...

Royal Observatory

Miscellaneous Services...

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

26,435.93

Judicial and Legal Departments...

Police and Prison Departments

Medical Departments

Sanitary Department

Botanical and Forestry Department

Education

Military Expenditure

Public Works Department

Do..

Recurrent

25

80,022.15

00

ŏ

35

80,022.15

15

70

Do.

Post Office

Extraordinary

Kowloon-Canton Railway

Charge on account of Public Debt

Pensions

Charitable Services

TOTAL,

:

Deduct

Net

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

67,622.00 63,078.01 63,245.81

200,816.00 174,414-57 205,316.82

850,927.00

747,263.87

716,011.28

31,252.59

23,252.00

20,028.24

26,890.50

446,700.00 5,676,571.24 |3,362,716.16 | 2,313,855.03

167.80

30,902.25

6,862.26

268,318.00

398,765.37

244,023.97 154,741.30

1,033,434.00

873,853.95 834,947.72 38,916.23

276,397.00

237,537.58

229.490.13

8,047-45

401,466.00 370,169.59

405,032 02

52,564.00 50,456.26

380,402.00

51,314.81

343,418.50 331,471.15

34,862.43

858.55

I1,947-35

2,818,860.00 2,788,721.77 2,813,700.01

24,978.24

471,892.00

27,569.58

375,202.62 402,772.20

608,700.00 712,675.37 609,308.45 103,366.92

1,685,800.00 1,578,149.12 | 1,612,835.28

34,686.16

397,354.00

181,208.42

468,720.00

387,275.67

1,050,153.00

334,630.00

324,393-35

436,195.68

783,391.04 888,895.54

228,401.56 261,980.44

143,184.93

48,920.01

105,504.50

33,578.88

42,590.00

44,623.75

38,592.89 6,030.86

$12,140,475.00 16,252,171.87 14,090,828.09 2,669,177.99 507,834.21

:

:

507,834.21

$ 2,161,343.78

Appendix A (1).

REPORT ON THE FINANCES FOR THE YEAR 1918.

REVENUE.

The total revenue for the year amounted to $18,665,248 being $3,901,658 in excess of the estimate and $3,607,143 more than the revenue in 1917. Compared with that year there were increases under all the heads except Light Dues, Fees of Court, and Miscel- laneous Receipts.

2. The principal sub-heads showing increases over the estimate are as follows:-

(a) { Assessed Taxes,

Special War Rate,

...

(b) Carriage and Chair Licences,...

(e) Opium Monopoly,

(d) Stamp Duties,...

(e) Tobacco Duties,

(f) Land Sales,

...

D

...

...

..$

77,040

45,760

25,850

3,186,622

364,310

44,860

99,289

The increases are due (a) to new assessment, (b) to_licences now required for private use and increase of rickshas in Kowloon, (c) to increased price and sales, (d) to more Probate Duty, (e) to increased sales, and (7) to more lands being disposed of.

3. The principal decreases were:-

(a) Light Dues,

(b) Fines,

(c) Liquor Duties,

(d) Medical Examination of Emigrants,

(e) Survey of Steam Ships,

$44,077

22,611

35,006

45,098

15,492

Of these, (a) was due to the shortage of shipping, (c) to less consumption, (d) to emigration to Straits being temporarily stopped since March, and (e) to fewer ships surveyed."

EXPENDITURE.

4. The total expenditure brought to account amounted to $16,252,172 being $4,111,697 more than the estimate, and $2,161,344 more than the expenditure in 1917.

Compared with the estimates there were decreases under all heads except four.

Miscellaneous expenditure was larger by $5,229,871 on account of a contribution to the Imperial Government for war expenses and a contribution for the same purpose under Ordinance No. 18 of

A (1) 2 -

1917. Public Works Recurrent accounted for an extra sum of $103,975 while Judicial and Legal Departments exceeded by $130,447 on account of extra legal expenses.

Decrease in Pensions ($106,228), Public Debt ($266,762), and in nearly all Departments were chiefly due to the rising exchange while another factor was the absence of a large part of the staff, their salaries being charged to War Expenditure under Miscellaneous Services.

5. The revenue for the year exceeded the expenditure by a sum of $2,413,077; with the result that the surplus balance increased to $5,681,138.

6. The following statement shows the Liabilities and Assets on the 31st December, 1918 :-

LIABILITIES.

C.

ASSETS.

$.

C.

Deposits not Available, 892,198.55

Subsidiary Coins, ...

Advances,

1,008,321.73 893,634.93

Crown Agents' Drafts,

1,000.00

Imprest,

536.75

House Service A/c.,

5,465.92

Shipping Control A/c., 1,338,203.64

Crown Agents' De-

posit Account,.

3,788,351.54

Postal Agencies,......

1,587.52

Unallocated Stores,

(P. W. D.),.....

161,348.18

Unallocated Stores,

Total Liabilities,... 2,232,989.71

(Railway),

179,495.47

Coal Account,

765,089.03

Balance, ...... 5,681,138.36

Investment Account,

120,000.00

Suspense Account,...

622.63

Balance, Bank

95$,962.67

Crown Agents' Cur-

rent Account,

32,299.22

Total..... $7,914,128.07

Total,......$ 7,914,128.07

7. The following table shows the Revenue and Expenditure during the last five years:-

Revenue,.

Expenditure,

Surplus,

Deficit,

1914.

1915.

1916.

1917.

1918.

$

$

$

11,007,273 11,786,107 13,833,386 15,058,105 18,665,248

10,756,225 15,149,268 11,079,914 14,090,828 16,252,172

251,048

2,753,472 967,277 2,413,076

3,363,161

ட்

(A 1) 3

PUBLIC DEBT.

8. The Inscribed Stock Loans of 1893 and 1906 amount to £1,485,732 and the Sinking Fund now stands at £283,602 being £25,440 more than the amount at credit of that fund at the end of 1917.

The local Loan (under Ordinance No. 12 of 1916) stands at $3,000,000 with a Sinking Find of $212,000 and £33,300 sterling.

GENERAL REMARKS.

9. There was no alteration of importance during 1918 in

taxation.

10. The total receipts and payments in the Treasury books during the year were $48,830,448 and $47,839,186 respectively. The figures not accounted for under revenue and expenditure relate to transactions under various heads such as Deposits, Advances, Subsidiary Coin, Unallocated Stores, etc.

11. Subsidiary coins in stock on the 31st December were as follows:-

50 cents,

20

10

5

""

29

""

Copper,

:

...

:

:

...

:

:

:

...

:

:

...

$ 10,744

73,961

773,878

145,777

3,962

$1,008,322

The nominal amount of coins in circulation is $20,764,370, and

the market value is now practically par.

12. The local circulation in December of notes of the three Banks having authorized issues was as follows :--

Hongkong & Shanghai Bank,

Chartered Bank of India, Australia & China,

Mercantile Bank of India,

...

...

$22,401,355

8,718,777

1,098,380

$32,218,512

$22,550,000

The specie in Reserve came to

13. The rate of exchange for the Estimates was taken at 2- whereas the average rate for purposes of conversion in the Treasury books was 3/23.

C. McI. MESSER,

16th May, 1919.

Treasurer.

:

1

?

Appendix B.

REPORT ON THE ASSESSMENT FOR THE YEAR 1919-1920.

1. By order of His Excellency the Governor in Council, I have made a new valuation of the whole Colony.

2. The result of the new valuation is that the Rateable Value of the whole Colony has increased from $15,638,736 to $16,304,801, an addition of $666,065 or 4-25 per cent.

3. The City of Victoria.-The Rateable Value has increased from $12,745,655 to $13,154,420, an addition of $408,765 or 3:20 per cent.

4. The Hill District.-The Rateable Value has increased from $324,195 to $342,745, an addition of $18,550 or 5.72 per cent.

5. Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, and Quarry Bay. The Rateable Value has increased from $405,200 to $409,165, an addition of $3,965 or 0.97 per cent.

6. Hongkong Villages.-The Rateable Value has increased from $240,599 to $269,967, an addition of $29,368 or 12:20 per

cent.

7. Kowloon Point.-The Rateable Value has increased from $647,400 to $709,665, an addition of $62,265 or 9.61 per cent.

8. Yaumati.--The Rateable Value has increased from $436,145 to $437,780, an addition of $1,635 or 0:37 per cent.

9. Mongkoktsui.-The Rateable Value has increased from $288,625 to $330,380, an addition of $41,755 or 14:46 per cent.

10. Hunghom and Hokun.-- The Rateable Value has increased from $318,695 to $395,080, an addition of $76,385 or 23.96 per cent.

11. Kowloon Villages.-The Rateable Value has increased from $107,479 to $112,509, an addition of $5,030 or 4.67 per cent.

12. New Kowloon.-The Rateable Value has increased from $124,743 to $143,090, an addition of $18,347 or 14-70 per cent.

13. Vacant Tenements.-The number of tenements reported to be vacant averaged about 110 monthly, approximately the same number as last year.

B 2

14. Interim Valuations.-Between 1st July, 1918, and 1st May, 1919, 688 Interim Valuations were made as follows :-

CITY OF VICTORIA, REST of Colony.

Rateable No. Value.

Rateable

No.

Value.

$

New

or rebuilt and tenements structurally altered

tenements

257

240,280 238 117,802

Assessments cancelled, tene- ments resumed, pulled down or being in other respects not rateable.....

Number and increase

85 100,700 108

29,266

342 $139,580 346 $88,536

15. The following Table gives a comparison of the Assessments for 1918-1919 and 1919-1920 :-

District.

Valuation Valuation 1918-1919. 1919-1920.

Per

Increase.

cent.

The City of Victoria

Hill District and Hongkong Villages

Kowloon Point and Kowloon Villages with New Kowloon

$

$

%

12,745,655

13,154,120 408,765

3.20

969,994 1,021,877

51,883

5.34

1,923,087

2,128,501

205,417 10-68

Total,.....$

15,638,736 16,304,801

666,065 4.25

D

2

B 3

16. Comparative Statement showing the Rateable Value of the Colony of Hongkong in each of the ten years from 1910-1911 to 1919-1920 inclusive :-

Increase

Decrease

Percentage of Increase or Decrease

Rateable as compared as compared in Rateable Value

Year.

Value.

with pre- with pre-

vious

year.

as compared with

vious year.

the previous year.

$5

$

1910-11

11,082,179

331,277

1911-12

11,161,390

79,211

1912-13

12,312,306 1,150,916

1913-14

12,435,812 123,506

%

3:08 Increase.

0.71 do.

10:31 do.

1.03 do.

?

1914-15

14,410,103 1,974,291

15.87 do.

1915-16

14,287,285

122,818

0.85 Decrease.

1916-17

14,282,186

5,099

0:03 do.

1917-18

14,410,153 127,967

0.89 Increase.

1918-19

15,633,736 1,228,583

1919-20

16,304,801 666,065

8.52 4.25 do.

do.

17. In the ten years 1910-1911 to 1919-1920 the Rateable Value has increased by $5,222,622 or 47·12 per cent. Since I took over the duties of Assessor in 1889 the Rateable Value has increased by no less than $13,021,522 or 396-60 per cent.

18. Staff-During my absence on leave from 22nd May to 5th September, 1918, Mr. David Wood acted as Assessor. Mr. Chu Tsau-hing and Mr. So Shing-hon have discharged their duties as Interpreter and Clerk respectively to my satisfaction.

ARTHUR CHAPMAN,

ASSESSOR'S OFFICE,

27th May, 1919.

Assessor.

Appendix C.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS FOR THE YEAR 1918.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

(Tables I and II.)

REVENUE.

1. The revenue derived from all sources during the year was $26,678 more than that for 1917 by $15,307. The increase was mainly due to the issue of Chinese Boarding House Licences with a new scale of licence fees under the new Boarding House Ordinance, 1917, and to increases under the heads of Marriage Licences, Registration of Societies, and Permits for Firework Display: but included an item of over $4,000 being refunds of advances to artisans on Indian Account.

There were four items which showed decreases, viz., Emigra- tion Passage Broker's Licences, Forfeitures, Certificates to Chinese entering the United States of America, and Official Signatures.

EXPENDITURE.

2. The total expenditure was $50,117 as compared with $51,867 in 1917 and fell short of the estimate by $7,369. The decrease was mainly due to the higher rate of exchange and to vacancies in certain posts.

PROTECTION OF WOMEN AND GIRLS.

(Table 111.)

Women and Girls Protection Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.

Po Leung Kuk Incorporation Ordinance No. 6 of 1893. 3. The number of persons detained under warrant and sent direct to the Po Leung Kuk during the year was 138 as com- pared with 158 in 1917; the action taken in each case (as also in those cases not decided at the end of 1917) is shown in Table III. The number of women whose detention was found unne- cessary and who were allowed to leave after investigation was 89 or 64.5% as compared with 109 or 68.9% in 1917: 39 were sent to their native places; 4 were restored to relatives; 1 was released under bond; while 5 cases were still under consideration on December 31st.

4. Four names were added to the list of girls under bond to report themselves annually, half-yearly, or quarterly to the Secre- tary for Chinese Affairs, a precaution taken to guard against their

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being forced into prostitution. The names of 10 girls were struck off the list, of whom 2 were married and 8 were sent back to their relatives. The number of names on the list on 31st December, 1918, was 16 as compared with 22 on January 1st, 1918.

5. The number of persons reported by Hongkong residents to the Po Leung Kuk as missing during the year was 60 of whom 28 were found as compared with 60 and 50 in 1917. The total number of persons reported missing, including reports from China and Macao, was 89 of whom 31 were found, as compared with 63 out of 111 in 1917.

EMIGRATION.

Asiatic Emigration Ordinance No. 30 of 1915.

(i.)-EMIGRATION OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN, (FREE).

(Table IV.)

6. The number of women and children passengers examined and allowed to proceed was 5,366 (women 3,013, girls 404, and boys under sixteen 1,949) as compared with 16,709 in 1917. These figures show a very great decrease in this type of emigration, for which the shipping shortage, and the prohibition for seven months of the immigration of deck passengers into Singapore, are respon- sible.

7. The record of the occupations of the women emigrants over sixteen shows that out of a total of 3,013, 1,097 were going to join relatives, 763 were going with husbands or other relatives, 182 gave their occupation as tailoresses, 309 as prostitutes, 121 as market gardeners or farmers, 186 as cooks, and 308 stated they were going to "do work", some as nurses or maid-servants, some on plantations, and others in tin mines, etc. There were also 6 teachers, 16 hair-dressers, 10 nuns, 9 travellers, and 6 repatriated by Government.

8. Fifteen or 27% of the total number of women and children emigrants were detained for enquiries as against 40 or 23% in 1917. Of these, 3 were allowed to proceed after enquiry, and of the remainder, who were kept temporarily in the Po Leung Kuk, 1 was restored to her relatives, 10 were sent to their native places, and 1 remained in the Po Leung Kuk at the end of the year, her case being under consideration.

14

9. There was no application for the recovery of women or girls who had emigrated. 5 women or girls" were sent back from Singapore and 5 from Penang on suspicion, or returned of their own accord, 9 of them were given assistance in proceeding to their homes, and 1 was handed over to her relatives under bond. women who had gone to the Straits Settlements to practise prostitu- tion were sent back as being too young, 1 left the ship on her arrival here and never came to the office, 2 were sent to the Po Leung Kuk for disposal, and the rest were allowed to proceed to their destinations.

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10. Prosecutions under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance undertaken by this office numbered 6 with 3 convictions as compared with 5 cases and 4 convictions in 1917.

(ii.)—MALE EMIGRATION, (ASSISTED).

(Table V.)

11. Assisted emigration this year showed a marked decline compared with last year. The total number of assisted emigrants presented for examination was 9,433, of whom 6,667 were passed and allowed to proceed, compared with 20,658 and 15,265 in 1917. The number of those who, on examination, expressed themselves as unwilling to emigrate was 277 or 2.93%. Apart from the falling off by nearly 1,200 of the emigration to the Dutch Indies, this heavy decline is due to the entire stoppage of the assisted emigration to Singapore in February. The total number of

assisted emigrants rejected in Hongkong as unfit for labour was 47, 15 of whom were sent back to their homes through the Tung Wa Hospital at the expense of the boarding houses which recruited them, and 32 went back to the boarding houses for treatment in Hongkong.

Assisted emigration to Singapore was only carried on for 2 months, January and February. In March, 1918, all emigration to Singapore ceased as the Singapore Authorities prohibited deck passengers from landing. Although in October the prohibition was removed, only 250 passengers were allowed on each ship and no tickets could be obtained by assisted emigrants.

Emigration to Banka continued throughout the year and Billiton emigration started in July and lasted till the end of the year.

12. There were two batches of assisted coolies recruited for Balikpapan to work at the petroleum depôt.

13. Assisted emigration to British North Borneo continued throughout the year. The total number passed for Borneo ports was 819.

14. Fiji emigration was scanty but continuous. The total number passed was 50.

15. 39 coolies were sent back by the Penang Government as decrepits or destitutes. All were dealt with by this office expect 3 who were sent away by the Police.

2 men were repatriated by this office at the request of the Singapore Govern- ment.

16. 152 decrepits or destitutes were sent back from Sandakan and 26 from Jesselton as compared with 59 and 58 respectively in 1917. Of the Sandakan decrepits 1 died in the Kwong Wa Hospital, 1 died in the Tung Wa Hospital, 1 absconded on the way to Hospital, 1 was put under the care of relatives, and the

:

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rest were sent home by the Tung Wa Hospital. 9 of them had no official papers. 2 were blind and required escorts to take them. home.

17. 3 coolies were returned from Banka on account of ill-health they were sent home through the Tung Wa Hospital.

18. During the year 3 applications for the redemption and repatriation of assisted emigrants from British North Borneo were received by this office all the emigrants concerned were traced and sent back.

:

Two applications for redemption of assisted coolies from Singa- pore were received: 1 was traced and sent back, the other absconded in Singapore.

Three similar applications for redemption from Banka were received: 1 emigrant returned, 1 absconded in Banka, and 1 was on his way back at the end of the year.

The expenses for redemption of Banka emigrants, which formerly were $80, have been raised to $120 owing to the great increase in the cost of passages.

19. Six passage broker's licences at $200 each were issued under the Emigration Ordinance, No. 30 of 1915.

20. Classification of Assisted Emigrants by the language spoken gives the following figures :-

Cantonese,

*

4,693

Hakka,

3,895

Hoklo,

187

Hainanese,.

.82

Southern Mandarin (mostly from

576

9.433

Kwong Sai and Hunan),

Total,............

THE BOARDING HOUSE ORDINANCE.

No. 23 of 1917.

21. 1918 was the first complete year in which this Ordinance was in full operation. Under it Chinese Boarding Houses are divided into seven classes for the purposes of licensing and regula- tion.

22. Class I, Chinese Hotels.-These are run very much on the lines of European hotels: they are licensed for the sale of alcohol. Three of these houses had licences at the beginning of 1918, and a fourth, the Stag Hotel, was licensed during the As the licences of all boarding houses expire on October 31st each year, all four houses applied for and received fresh licences before the end of 1918.

year.

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23. Class II, First Class Hak U.-These are the large board- ing houses which cater principally for independent emigration and interport passenger business. At the beginning of 1918 three had received licences, and 13 more received licences during the year. One new house was opened in addition to these, and one old one was closed. At the end of the year there remained 16 houses, all of which had renewed their licences after October 31st; they were able to accommodate 2,475 persons.

24. Class III, Second Class Hak U.-These are the small boarding houses for independent emigrants. 11 of them were in possession of licences on January 1st, 1918, and 18 more received licences in the course of the year. Eight were closed before the end of the year, and of the remaining 21, 18 had received fresh licences by December 31st, and licences for the remaining three were under consideration.

This class possesses accommodation for 1,431 persons.

25. Class IV, Boarding Houses for Assisted Emigrants.— These are used mainly by assisted emigrants, who may not, while staying in Hongkong, be lodged in any other place. The decline in assisted emigration to Singapore hit them very hard: there were 22 at the beginning of the year, and 5 new ones opened during the year, but 14 had to close, and only 13 survived. had renewed their licences by December 31st except two, which were at that date still under consideration. A conviction was obtained against one of these houses for failing to enter the name of an assisted emigrant in the register.

All

Thirty-four licences were issued to boarding houses of Classes II, III, and IV for transfer of name of licensee, for removal of premises, or for using additional floors.

26. Class V, Ku Li Kun (lodging houses for coolies).- 476 licences were issued: of these 215 were renewed at the end of the year. 3 licences were issued for removal of premises, and 42 houses were closed. 6 applications for renewal of licence were refused because the premises were unsuitable on sanitary grounds. 3 convictions for various offences were obtained against houses of this class.

27. Class VI, Ku Kung Ngoi U (lodging houses for employees of firms).-146 licences were issued: of these 32 were renewed at the end of the year. 2 licences were issued for removal of premises. 16 houses were closed. 2 applications for renewal of licence were refused for sanitary reasons.

28. Class VII, Hang Shun Kun (residential clubs for sea- men).-104 licences were issued: of these 101 were renewed at the end of the year. 12 licences were issued for transfer of name of licensee, for removal of premises, or for additional floors. 2 houses were closed. 4 convictions, all for overcrowding; were obtained against houses of this class.

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Shortage of staff during the war has prevented the new Ordinance from being utilised to its full value. A useful record has however been accumulated, which should prove of value later

on.

REGULATION OF CHINESE.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.

(i.)— REGISTRATION OF HOUSEHOLDERS.

29. 1,594 householders were registered: of these 174 were first registration. (In 1917 the numbers were 2,843 and 321.) 9,248 changes of tenancy were also notified for registration as against 9,797 in 1917.

30. The number of Chinese business men in Victoria and Kowloon offering themselves as sureties to Government Depart- ments and reported on by this office was 1,472 as against 1,297 in 1917.

31. One non-resident householder was required to enter into a bond, as against 2 in 1917. 29 certified extracts from the Registers were issued as against 30 in 1917. 3 Duplicate House- holders' Certificates were issued as against 6 in 1917, while 40 Householders' Removal Certificates were issued: the same num- ber as in 1917.

(ii)—DISTRICT WATCHMEN.

(Table VI.)

32. The District Watchmen Committee met on 12 occasions, the average attendance being 12. The loyal advice and assistance of this important Committee (which deals with every kind of ques- tion affecting the Chinese Community) continues to be of the greatest value to the Government.

33. Sir Boshan Wei Yuk resigned and Mr. Tong Yat-chun was appointed by His Excellency the Governor for a term of 5 years.

During 1918 the two members selected from the retiring Committees of the Tung Wa Hospital and Po Leung Kuk, who hold their appointments for a term of one year, were Messrs. Chow U-ting and Li Yik-mui.

34. The balance to the credit of the District Watchmen Fund at the end of the year was $34,372 as compared with $32,200 on January 1st, the income thus exceeding the expenditure by $2,172. $28,000 of the balance is invested in Hongkong 6% War Loan, and the remainder, $6,372, is deposited with the Colonial Trea-

sury.

*

35. The total strength of the District Watchmen Force at the end of the year was 103 compared with 99 on January 1st. The approved strength is 103. There were 9 vacancies during the

K

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year: 1 was a death, 2 were resignations, 3 were dismissals or desertions, and 3 were caused by the promotions of Assistant Chief District Watchmen to Chief District Watchmen.

36. The number of convictions secured by members of the Force was 172 as compared with 113 in 1917 and 213 in 1916.

37. An alteration in the Force by which the detective staff was increased to 20 is having good results.

(iii.)-PERMITS.

38. Seven hundred and nine (709) permits to fire crackers were issued (618 in 1917), 501 of these being on the occasion of marriage.

+

39. Other permits issued were religious ceremonies 27: processions 6 and 175 to hold theatricals in permanent houses or temporary buildings.

:

MARRIAGES.

Ordinances No. 7 of 1875 and No. 6 of 1903.

40. The number of marriages solemnized during the year was 115 as compared with 116 in 1917. The number contracted at the Registrar's Office was 26. In 1917 it was 22.

CERTIFICATES OF IDENTITY TO CHINESE ENTERING THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1898.

41. Four certificates were issued to Chinese to enter the United States of America, and two to enter the Philippine Is- lands.

.

These certificates are limited to Chinese British Subjects resident in Hongkong.

K

BRITISH BORN SUBJECT CERTIFICATES.

42. There were four applications for these certificates, only one of which was granted.

There was no application for naturalisation papers.

REGISTRATION OF BOOKS.

Ordinance No. 2 of 1888.

43. Thirty-six books were registered during the year as com-

pared with twenty-seven in 1917.

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TUNG WA HOSPITAL.

Ordinances No. 1 of 1870, No. 9 of 1904, and No. 10 of 1908 (Man Mo Temple).

(Tables VII to XII.)

44. The following gentlemen were elected to form the Com- mittee for 1919 :-

Ho Shai-kwong, Chairman,

To Sze-tun,

Li Chak-nam,

Leung Shu-tong,

Lo Shiu-cheuk,

Chiu Chau-sam,

Tse Ka-po,

Iu Shau-kwan,

Kwan Ki-shang,

Li Ying-chi,

Lam Hon-ping,

Lui Po-shang, Tsang Iu-ting,

Chan Fu-tseung,

of whom the first three named are in charge of the Hospital finances.

45. The 1918 Directorate under the chairmanship of Mr. Tong Yat-chun carried on the Hospital work of previous years quietly and successfully. Tables VII to XII show the details of the greater part of their activities. These Tables are in the form in which they have been presented for many years but as it has been decided no longer to confine the appeal on behalf of the Hospital to the Chinese Community alone, it is proposed in the future to alter the form to include all the activities of the Institu- tion in a fully comprehensive manner.

:

The balance sheet for the year (i.e., the Mo Ng Chinese year extending from February 11th to December 31st, 1918, a total of 323 days) shows a credit balance of $65,800.

46. The expenditure was $99,126 as compared with $102,528 in 1917 and $148,652 in 1916: but, as explained in last year's report, the 1916 figure includes an item of $50,000 for purchase of War Loan Stock. The daily average of expenditure during the year under report was thus $306.89 as against $270.64 in 1917. The total income was $115,796 (as against $116,033 in 1917) mak- ing the surplus on the year's working $16,669. The Hospital holds $50,000 in Hongkong 6% War Loan Bonds.

47. The following items on the receipt side show increases and decreases :-

Rent of Hospital property,

Interest (2 items),

Donations (2 items),

Sale of refuse, etc.,...

Subscriptions, ...

...

Increases. Decreases.

$2,647

...

$3,421

2,158

2,924

2,044

...

+

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48. On the expenditure side, the items for light, passage money, and repairs to the Hospital property show decreases, and those for insurance and sundries, increases. The item for the repairs of the Mortuary rises from $315 to $8,618 and the influence of the smallpox epidemic is seen in the fall of the Small- pox Hospital expenses from $3,215 to $933.

49. The total number of in-patients admitted during 1918 was 6,329 as compared with 5,089 in 1917 and 5,248 in 1916. Of these 2,222 or 35·10% (as against 38.47% in the previous year) elected to be treated by European methods.

The out-patients numbered 129,769 as against 133,884 in 1917 (133,022 in 1916) and of these 10,167 or 7.83% (as against 12.6% in 1917) chose European treatment.

50. The number of surgical operations performed was 207 as compared with 238 in 1917. There were also 42 eye opera- tions performed as against 124 in 1917.

51. The number of destitutes temporarily housed and then sent to their homes was 534 (1,115 in 1917), most of whom were sent to the Hospital from this office.

52. Of the charitable funds managed by the Hospital, the Emergency Fund (Table X) does not call for comment. The Man Mo Temple Fund shows an excess of expenditure over receipts of $44. Almost every item, both of revenue and ex- penditure, shows a decrease.

53. The balance sheet of the Brewin Charity as set out in Table XII shews that the income for the year exceeded the ex- penditure by $2,217.

The amount spent in gratuities and pensions to deserving widows was $2,177 as compared with $1,908 in 1917 and $1,772 in 1916. Further grants are under consideration.

$6,000 was invested in Hongkong 6% War Bonds.

KWONG WA HOSPITAL.

(Tables XIII and XIV.)

54. The Hospital again did excellent work during 1918. In all 2,696 patients were admitted (as against 2,388 in 1917) of whom 1,300 or 48% (as against 46% in 1917 and 54% in 1916) came under European treatment while 1,396 elected to be treated by Chinese methods.

55. The total number of out-patients treated was 33,085 as against 32,488 in 1917, and of these 21,626 elected to receive European treatment. This gives a percentage of 65.3 as against 67.3 in 1917 and 67.2 in 1916.

56. The total expenditure of the Hospital for the Mo Ng Chinese year was $55,774, which includes a refund of $23,042 to the Tung Wa-the net expenditure being $32,732 as against

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$30,923 in 1917. Among the receipts appears a payment of $25,302 from the Tung Wa Hospital; if this and the $2,000 grant be subtracted from the receipts, the net income is shown to be $29,099, an amount less than the net expenditure by $3,633. The Hospital therefore is still financially unable to stand on its own feet. It was never anticipated that it would do so, until the whole district across the Harbour-a comparatively poor one-- fulfilled its promise of development. This time is now appreciably nearer meanwhile the Hospital must still depend on the Tung Wa Hospital and on special efforts. Its principal benefactor dur- ing the year was Mr. Chan Kang-yue, who raised a sum of $6,000 through theatrical entertainments which he organised and financed.

CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES AND PLAGUE HOSPITALS.

(Tables XV to XX.)

57. The total number of cases treated at the Dispensaries dur- ing the

year was 107,406 compared with 104,004 in 1917. Of this total 58,535 were new and 48,871 return cases.

58. The number of vaccinations performed shows a very great decrease, 4,925 as against 39,405 in 1917, which was the year of the small-pox epidemic.

59. The total expenditure on the Dispensaries was $34,592 as compared with $30,190 in 1917. The only exceptional expense incurred during the year was the payment of a war bonus to cer- tain rat-catchers to meet the increased cost of living.

60. The revenue of the Dispensaries, excluding the balance of $50,609 from 1917, amounted to $48,157 as against $40,566 in 1917 and thus exceeded the expenditure by $13,565.

61. Of the two Kowloon Peninsula Dispensaries at Hung- hom and Shamshuipo, the first shows an excess of income over expenditure and an increase of the credit balance from $3,585 to $4,505 a satisfactory position principally due to the efforts of the Chairman Mr. Chan Pak-ping who has, it may be here men- tioned, in hand a proposal to open a school under the control of the local Committee. The Shamshuipo Dispensary shows a decline of its credit balance from $1,306 to $409, due to the loss of subscriptions from the Ferry Service and the Market.

62. The number of dead and dying infants brought to the Dispensaries was 1,705 as compared with 1,660 in 1917.

63. The number of infants under five years brought in to be treated shows an increase, 12,811 being treated as against 12,257 in 1917, and 13,350 in 1916.

64. 1,510 corpses were removed to hospital or mortuary as against 1,422 in 1917. 858 (as against 644) applications were received for coffins and on 608 occasions (as against 276 in 1917) was attendance necessary at the cleansing of infected premises.

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65. The Plague Hospitals in the Eastern and Western Dis- tricts and at Kowloon City report that no cases of any kind were admitted, whether plague or ordinary cases.

The Dispensaries Committee are again indebted to the authorities of the Alice Memorial Hospital for assistance in the matter of the issue of medicines and drugs, and the regulation of the consumption.

66. The number of bodies considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year was 960 as compared with 1,066 in 1917 and 1,051 in 1916. The monthly figures varied between 137 (in March) and 53 (in September). The percentage of these "dumpings" to the whole number of Chinese deaths was 7.14% (Table XIX).

Of the 960 bodies abandoned, 43 were taken to the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

The number of bodies reported by the Police as dumped dur- ing the year was 917 (Table XX).

67. Table XVIII compiled from statistics in the Sanitary Department shows the number of death certificates issued in proportion to the total number of Chinese deaths, and the number of cases in which post-mortem examinations were held.

68. The percentage of cases in which the cause of death was certified was 49.3. In 1917 it was 39-9 and in 1916, 42·1.

CHINESE PERMANENT CEMETERY. (Table XXI.)

69. The accounts show a substantial balance, which increased during 1918 from $7,394 to $14,497.

The interest of the Chinese permanent residents of the Colony in this Institution continues unabated. It has been necessary to open more terraces for the sale of sites and considerable sums of money have been privately spent on the design of graves.

:

70. TRANSLATION WORK DONE IN THE SECRETARIAT FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS DURING THE YEAR 1918.

Translation from Chinese ·

Translation from English

into English.

into Chinese.

Petitions,..... ....

121

Ordinances

1

Letters,

98

Regulations

32

Newspaper articles and

Government notices

103

37

items of news,

Minutes

2

Unspecified,

183

Unspecified..

40

Total,

439

Total,...... 178

Grand Total,

617

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The total number of translations done by the translator was thus 617 as against 607 in 1917 and 690 in 1916.

71. In addition, a large number of translations made in other Government Departments are sent to this office for revision. Much translation work is done by members of the staff other than the translator, but of this no record is kept.

CHINESE RECREATION GRound.

(Table XXII.)

72. The income from the stalls has risen slightly, $3,650 as against $3,589 in 1917, and the balance has increased from $9,646 to $10,834.

PASSAGE MONEY FUND.

(Table XXIII.)

73. The net income of the Fund was $660 and the total expenditure $451 compared with $665 and $573 last year.

REGULATION OF CLUBS AND SOCIETIES.

Ordinance No. 47 of 1911.

74. During the year 51 applications for registration or exemp- tion from registration under the Ordinance were received and considered. 5 clubs and societies were exempted from registration by notice in the Gazette, while 26 were required to register. In 4 cases permission to register was refused under section 4 of the Ordinance; 14 clubs were found to comprise less than 10 members and did not therefore come under the Ordinance. In the remain- ing 2 cases no action was taken and the clubs concerned voluntarily dissolved.

ORDINANCES.

75. During the year Ordinance No. 3, the Indecent Exhibi- tions Ordinance, was passed. The principal object was to suppress the indecent advertisements which were frequently inserted in Chinese newspapers.

GENERAL.

76. Under the terms of the Deportation Ordinance, 1917, reports were furnished on 214 suspects arrested by the Police under warrants of detention. The figure in 1917 was 162.

77. Reports were also furnished on numerous other criminals recommended by the Police for banishment on the expiration of their sentences, who claimed to be Hongkong born.

78. The only labour trouble during the year with which this office had to deal was a boat-builders' strike at Aberdeen; the men complained that part payment of their wages was made in Chinese sub-coin.

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Investigation showed that while the complaint possibly had a foundation, it was not the cause of the strike. Agitation and intimidation (for which two.convictions were secured) were found to be responsible: and the banishment of the two principal agitators (who were not workmen) made a final settlement an easy matter.

79. During August the system of keeping all funds adminis- tered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs in the Colonial Treasury was introduced; the new system involves heavier work for the Office staff but has proved satisfactory.

80. During 1918, nine claims for balance of wages due by relatives of Chinese seamen who lost their lives in attacks by enemy submarines were investigated, and forwarded to the proper quarter for settlement.

81. In February of 1918 two events occurred which made a great sensation in the community. The first was the earthquake on the 14th, which caused much alarm; crackers and mock money were flung into the streets in great quantities to turn away the wrath of the spirits. The second was the burning of the matsheds on the Race Course on the 26th, where 670 persons, principally Chinese women and children, were suffocated or burnt to death. Measures were at once taken by the Tung Wa Hospital to form both a Relief Fund and a Memorial Fund. The claims for relief have been comparatively few, and it has been found possible to deal with them through the Brewin Fund. The matter of the Memorial is still under discussion.

:

STAFF.

82. The Cadet office staff has been short-handed throughout the year the complement of 4 being reduced to 2 for a great part of it. This fact, combined with the constant changes in the appointments, made organisation difficult and necessitated postpone- ment of broader work in the effort to keep pace with current detail.

Chief Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

83. Mr. E. V. Carpmael acted as Head of the Sanitary Depart- ment up to the 17th May and left the Colony for active service on the 18th May. Mr. R. E. Lindsell acted as Chief Assistant to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs up to the 12th June and Mr. A. E. Wood acted as Chief Assistant to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs from the 13th June to 31st December.

Second Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

84. Mr. A. E. Wood returned from Japan, where he had been studying Japanese, and acted as Chief Assistant to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs from the 13th June to 31st December. Mr. W. Schofield acted as Second Assistant to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs up to the 7th July, when he was seconded for service in

T

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the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank. He returned to this Depart- ment to act as Second Assistant to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs from the 2nd to 31st December.

Third Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

85. Mr. R. E. Lindsell acted as Chief Assistant to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs up to the 12th June, was attached for service in the Imports and Exports Department from the 13th June to 10th December but performed certain duties during part of the day in the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs from 1st August to 10th December, and acted as Deputy Registrar, Supreme Court, from the 11th to 31st December. No officer has been appointed to act as Third Assistant to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Sergeant under the Emigration Ordinance.

86. Sergeant G. Jackson was seconded from the Police Department on the 1st March to relieve Sergeant J. A. McKay of this duty, which he performed in addition to his own under the Protection of Women and Girls' Ordinance for over a year.

Third Grade Interpreter and Clerk.

87. Mr. Tang Tat-hung reverted to this Department from the Supreme Court on the 2nd May and was again seconded to the Supreme Court as Assistant Interpreter on the 15th July.

Fourth Grade Clerk.

88. Mr. Tsoi Kin-yung was promoted to 3rd Grade Clerk on the 25th September.

Fifth Grade Clerk.

89. Mr. Leung Kwai-lam was dismissed from the Service on the 3rd August and was replaced by the appointment of Mr. Wong Tat-ying, 6th Grade Clerk, on the 18th August.

Fifth Grade Shroff.

90. Mr. Wong Bak-shin was promoted to 3rd Grade Shroff and granted personal allowance on the 1st July on the readjust- ment of his salary and allowances from the various semi-official funds administered by this Department.

Fifth Grade Clerk and Shroff.

91. Mr. Ko Chung-woon was appointed on the 22nd July to this new post, which was created on account of the transference to the charge of the Colonial Treasury of all the semi-official funds administered by this Department.

8th July, 1919.

E. R. HALLIFAX, Secretary for Chinese Affairs

1

Table I.

Revenue for the years 1917 and 1918.

— C 15—

Heads of Revenue.

Details of Revenue.

Licences and Internal Revenue not other- wise specified,

Fees of Court

or

Office, Payments for Specific Purposes, and Reimburse-

ments-in-aid,.............

Interest.

Chinese Boarding House Licences, Marriage Licences,

Emigration Passage Brokers' Licences, Forfeitures,

Certificates to Chinese entering U.S.A., Householders' Registration,

Bond by Non-resident Householders,

}}

Official Signatures,

Registration of Societies,

Ordinance under which received.

Revenue in

1917.

Revenue in

1918.

Increase.

Decrease.

$

C.

C.

$

C.

No. 1 of 1889 & No. 4 of 1908. No. 7 of 1875 & No. 15 of 1902. No. 30 of 1915.

7,637 .*

18,842 *

11,204

*

ይ.

1,075

1,476

401

1,600

1,200

400

250

No. 3 of 1898.

350

250

250

100

No. 3 of 1888.

*

""

10

5

5

No. 14 of 1913.

■1

84

82

2

No. 47 of 1911.

115

130

15

Interest accrued on official account,

1

26

25

Miscellaneous,

Refunds, etc.,

147

4,337

4,189

Other Miscellaneous

Receipts,

Permits for Firework Displays,

100

330

230

Total,..

11,370.52

26,678.50

16,064.98

757.00

Deduct Decrease,.

.$

757.00

Total Increase in 1918,....$

15,307.98

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

+

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C 16

Table II.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

since 1909.

Revenue.

Expenditure.

Year.

Total.

Decrease, Increase. Total. Decrease. Increase.

Percent-

age of Expen- diture to Revenue.

$

$. C.

c.

C.

C.

1909,

104,138.88 60,321.11

1910, .... 15,492.12 | 88,616.76

%

1911,.... 14,518.19

1912,.... 14,257.54 260.65

1913,.... 10,645.58 3,611.96

973.93

43,793.61

42,462.81 1,330.80

49,217.74

54.90

42.05

274.09

6.754.93

339.01

45,521.01 3,696.53

319-28

41,674.04 3,846.97

391.47

1914,

7,258.10 3,387.48

51,178.04

9,504.00 705-12

:

1915,...

5,072.07 2,186.03

53,188.73

1916,

9,236.95

4,164.88 54,966.19

:

:

2,010.69 1,048-66

1,777.16 595.07

1917,

11,370.52

2,133.57 51,867.18

3,099.01

456'15

1918,

26,679.50

15,307.98 50,117.67 1,749.51

187.86

Table III.

Number of Women and Girls detained in a Place of Refuge by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under Sections 34 and 35 of Ordinance No. 4 of 1897, and arrangements made regarding them.

T

Permitted to leave,

Permitted to leave under bond,

Restored to husband,

Restored to relatives,

Sent to native place,

Married,..

Adopted,

Sent to Refuge or Convent....

Sent to French Consul to be sent home, Died,

Awaiting marriage,

Cases under consideration,

Under Detention on 1st January, 1918.

Detained during 1918.

Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total. Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total.

5

...

Total.

8

86

89

1

3

29

10

GALO

97

1

4

39

39

...

...

...

...

...

4

1

5

5

5

3

8

123

15

138

146

Total,

Cases brought forward, 8.

Cases dealt with during the year, 141.

Cases carried forward, 5.

-C 17-

3

+3

Table IV.

Number of Female Passengers and Boys: examined and passed before the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under "The Asiatic Emigration Ordinance, 1915," during the year 1918.

Women and Children, 1918.

Women

Whither Bound.

andTM

Women, Girls.

Boys. Total.

Children

1917.

Burmah,

1

Japan,.

74

11

12

97

119

Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States,

2,008

215

621

2,844

13,975

Dutch Indies,

480

61

376

917

1,216

Borneo,

270

119

466

628

Honolulu,

38

6

20

64

66

Central America,

5

1

5

11

20

Canada,

.

14

United States of America,

Mexico,

36

1

24

467

483

31

184

224

366

9.

10.

18

South America,

26

63

89

58

Mauritius,

30

Australia,

17

7

22

46

10

India,

22

12

8

42

96

Africa,

5

10

Cuba,

3

39

45

Fiji Islands,

...

70

Siam,

19

5

28

Total, 1918,.

3,013

404 1,949 5,366

Total, 1917,..

10,591

1,352

4,766 16,709

16,709

C 18

:

7

C 19

Table V.

Number of Assisted Emigrants.

Rejected.

Year.

Examined. Passed.

Rejected

Un- willing.

at

S.C.A. as unfit.

Rejected by

rejected.! Doctor.

Total Percentage

of rejection.

1916,

25,357 17,665

204

201

177

2-29

1917,

20,658 15,265

626

292

154

1,072

5.18

1918,.

9,433 6,667

277

10

37

324

3.43

Treatment of Rejected Emigrants for 1918.

Sent home through Tung Wa Hospital at expense

of boarding houses,....

255

Sent away without help,

37

Sent back to boarding houses to be cured out of the

number rejected by doctor,..

32

Total rejected,.......

324

Native Districts of Assisted Emigrants.

West River,

East River,

North River,

Canton,... Delta,

Kwong Sai,

Southern Districts,

Mandarin, (Hunan, Kwong Sai, and Kiang Si),

869

2,580

314

954

441

979

336

194

6,667

Total,....

Destinations of Assisted Emigrants.

Whither bound.

Male Assisted Emigrants.

1917.

1918.

Straits Settlements and F.M.S.,

8,862

ܪ

1,219

British North Borneo,

581

819

Dutch Indies :-

M

Banka,

Billiton, Batavia,

3,286

2,375

2,234

2,028

107

Balikpapan,..

195

226

Total,

15,265

6,667

2

18

- C 20

Table VI.

Statement of Receipts and Expenditure relative to the Hongkong District Watchmen's Fund for the year 1918.

Receipts.

રૂ

.Th

IC

C.

Expenditure.

*

C.

C.

To Balance,

32,200 | 90

""

Contributions,

27,172 | 43

>>

Grant by Government,..

2,000 00

By Wages and Salaries :—

Chief District Watchmen, (In-

cluding War Allowance),... 2,043 18

Assistant Chief District Watch-

men, (Including War Al- lowance,)

1,233 00

Detectives, (Including War Al-

""

Payment for Special Services,

659

00

lowance),

3,777 50

1st Class District Watchmen,

"

Fines,....

21

"

Interest,.

2 223

41

(Including War Allow- ance),

4,256 61

52 35

(Including ance),

War Allow-

""

Interest on Hongkong Government

6% War Loan,

1,680. 00

Allowance to Chief District|

,, Compensation for the loss of a belt

by District Watchman,

3

00

Rent from Mr. So Pui for permis-

2nd Class District Watchmen,

3rd Class District Watchmen,

(Including War Allowance),

Watchmen and Detectives 1,811 68 Medal Allowance,..

Instructors' Allowance,

Miscellaneous :-

456 00

96 00

20,717 91

6,634 77

409 17

sion to erect the iron gate on

I. L. No. 680 for the year 1918

Total,.......

63,790

09

1

00

"

"

Cooks, (Including War Al-

lowance),

597 00

Coolies, (Including War Al-

lowance),

516 00

Messenger, (Including War

Allowance),

78 00

1,191

00

Office Staff:-

"

Manager, (Including War Al-

lowance),

211 79

Writer, (Including War Al-

lowance),

107 50

Clerk, (Including War Allow-

ance),

32 50

Interpreter, (Including War

Allowance),

65 00

Collector, (Including War Al-

lowance),

155 00

871 79

Total,...

22,780 70

22

Other Charges :—

Uniform and Equipment,

585 02

Stationery and Printing,.

221 42

Furniture,

145 81

Oil and Kerosine,..

494 35

Premium on Fire Policies,

527 21

Coolie Hire and Conveyance,

506 71

Gratuity and Reward,..

219 00

Rent for Telephone,

218 27

Fittings and Repairs,

2,235 88

Photographs for District Watch-

men,..

54 80

Conservancy,

55

20

Loss on Exchange,

Sundries,

17 79 258 96

Crown Rent,

16 50

5,556 92

Pension:-

Ex C.D.W. So Tai, Wan Fuk, Cheung Kam, and Fung Fong, and the late C.D.W. Au Pún's widow,

Total Expenditure,...........

""

Balance,

1,080

00

885

29,417 62 34,372

47

4

Total,

.$

63,790 09

Balancein Colonial Treasury :-

In Hongkong Government 6% War Loan, ..$28,000.00

Cash,..

Total,...........

6,372.47

.$34,372.47

"

Patients.

Table VII.

Number of Patients under treatment and other statistics concerning the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1918.

Admitted.

Out-patients.

Total.

Vaccinations.

Dead bodies brought to Hospital Mortuary

for burial.

Destitutes sent home.

Male,

Female,

178 3,187 1,458 4,645 4,823 3,094 1,526 203 55 920 764 1,684 1,739 1,069 · 597

75,470 6,624 82,094 73 44,132 3,543 | 47,675

605 1,333

534

739

:

G

Total,..

2334,107 2,222 6,329|6,562 4,163 2,123

276 119,602 10,167 129,769 605 2,072 534

Total for 1917, i 263 3,131 1,958 5,089 5,352 3,664 1,455

233 116,971 16,913 133,884 6,645 1,436 1,115

- C 21

- C 22

Table VIII.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Tung Wa Hospital for the Mo Ng Year (1918) to December 31st.

Receipts.

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

Year, (1917),

Balance brought forward from Ting Tsz

To rent of Hospital property,...

*

By Food for Staff,

.

5,801

49,131

""

Salaries and wages,

...

17,263

*

""

Sick room expenses,.

7,050

:

42,464

19

Patients' food, etc.,

9,090

"

Chinese drugs,

19,655

To Subscriptions:-

""

European drugs,

7,158

Light,....

2,412

1. Annual Subscriptions of Hongs,...

9,667

Passage

money

to patients and

destitutes,

252

2. Subscriptions collected on Steamers,

1,464

Repairs,.....

886

,, Repairs to Hospital property,

1,332

3.

وو

and Donations,......... 3,400

Insurance,

835

""

""

Crown Rent,

1,194

4.

from wealthy persons,

6,069

Stationery, Telegrams, Stamps, and

*

Advertisements,

1,059

5.

"

for the supply of

i

>>

Sundries and bonus,

1,510

medicines, quilted clothing, coffibs,

"9

Expenses for Small-pox Hospital,

933

and shrouds,

3,093

""

Construction and repair of Mor-

tuary,

8,618

6. Subscriptions by Directors, Assistant

Directors, and Committee,

2,921

26,615

Subscription to the Kwong Wa

Hospital and the Fong Pin Hospital,

...

3,000

To Government Grant,

8,000

88,056

""

Grant from Man Mo Temple,

2,500

Burial of bodies from Government

""

""

Interest,

14,071

""

Mortuary, (Victoria), ........ Coffins for bodies from Government

Mortuary, (Victoria),....

2,099

3,490

""

penses,

Premium on notes, and discount on

goods purchased,

Contribution towards Mortuary ex-

""

Burial of bodies by Tung Wa Hos-

1,360

pital,

3,083

22

Coffins for bodies buried by Tung

Wa Hospital,.......

2,396

450

11,070

""

Payment for medicines, sale of kitchen.

refuse, and rent of Mortuary and Sundries,

Fees from Patients,

Interest yielded by Hongkong War "" Loan Bonds,

""

Contribution from the Ko Shing and

Kau U Fong Theatres,

Contributions by tenants of Hospital

"""

property,

Grand Total,.............

:

:

:

:

...

:

11,438

Total,

2,186

3,000

2,300

""

Balance,..

1,410

$164,927.52

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

99,126

65,800

Grand Total,..

164,927.52

Table IX.

Statement of Assets and Liabilities of the Tung Wa Hospital at the close of the Mo Ng Year (1918), on 31st December, 1918.

Liabilities.

Amount,

$

$

*

To Loan from Relief Fund,........

8,440

""

""

""

Cheap Sale of Rice Fund,.

29,681

""

77

Man Mo Temple Fund, ...

5,860

:

"

""

""

San Francisco Relief Fund,

5,470

"}

Further Loan from Man Mo Temple

Fund,

6,000

""

Further Loan from Cheap Sale of Rice

Fund,.

38,887

Loan from Hospital Extension Fund,

15,226

109,566

Balance of Assets over Liabilities,

183,088

Total,..

Assets.

Amount.

By Bank Balance at close of year:-

"}

With Hongkong & Shanghai Bank, House Property (original value) :- 2 houses in Bonham Jervois Street,

Strand and

1 house in Wing Lok Street (includ- ing cost of additions to building),. 10 houses in Aberdeen Street and Tung Wa Lane (including cost of additions to building),

...

2 houses in Connaught Road and Des Voeux Road,

7 houses in Queen's Road West (including cost of additions to building),

65,800

10,400

8,108

14,900

17,386

30,363

2 houses in Bonham Strand West,

26,000

3 houses in Bonham Strand,

15,000

10 houses in Po Yan Street and New Street (at present used as Plague

Hospital),

54,697

By British War Loans,

176,854

50,000

Total,.

$292,654.98

$292,654.98

Subscriptions not yet paid :-

From Hongs,

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

""

Individuals,

$1,120

700

$1,820

- C 23

--

}

R

Y

t

Receipts.

Table X.

Emergency Fund: Mo Ng Year (1918) to December 31st.

Amount.

Payment.

Amount.

Balance from Ting Tsz Year, (1917),

62,875

Boat-hire to destitute Ngai Kam Tsoi...

5

Interest,

1,634

Balance

64,504

Total,..

..$

64,509.85

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Total,..

64,509.85

C 24-

:

Receipts.

Table XI.

Man Mo Temple Fund: Mo Ng Year (1918) to December 31st.

Amount.

$

Payments.

Amount.

}

Balance from Ting Tsz Year, (1917),

10,131

Tung Wa Hospital,

2,500

Temple Keeper,

4,003

Free Schools and sundries,

7,412

Rent of Temple property,.

7,339

Refund of deposit,

30

Interest,

264

Refund of Crown Rent,

152

Refund of Police rates for the free school,

19

Repairs to Temple property and Free School, Police Rates, Crown Rent, and Insurance Premium,

524

C 25 -

1,370

Deposits,

88

Water Rates for huts before Temple, Installation of water fountain before Temple, Balance,

52

21

10,087

Total,.......

21,998.88

Total,.

..$

21,998.88

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Table XII.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Brewin Charity during the year 1918.

Revenue.

Amount.

Expenditure.

Amount.

$

*

*

To Balance from 1917,

11,760

""

By Charity given to widows and orphans, Photographs,

2,177

2

""

Rent from shop property in Temple Street,

5,239

"}

Police rates paid for Temple. Street property,...

832

>>

Subscriptions,

470

Crown Rent for Temple Street property,

103

Insurance for the above property,

525

"

Interest on deposits with H. & S. B. C.,

55

>>

Salary for rent collector Mr. Leung Fuk-

chi, (at $15 per month),

235

>>

""

War Bonds purchased from

Salary for accountant Mr. Chan Yik-wan,

""

the above bank,

202

(at $5 per month),

105

""

Commission on Insurance for Temple Street property,

""

"}

262

""

Balance,

"

Repairs to Temple Street property,..

Fares for launch and tram car for rent

collector,...

Stamps, receipts, and printed matters,.

509

4

20

13,474 †

17,990.49

Grand Total,...

.$

17,990,49

Grand Total,.

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

† By Deposits with Tung Wa Hospital,.$ 196.73

H. & S. B. C.,

2;277.84

"}

War Bonds,.....

6,000.00

"

bought from Union

ל,

Insurance Co.,

5,000.00

$13,474.57

26

Patients.

Table XIII.

Number of Patients under treatment and other statistics concerning the Kwong Wa Hospital during the year 1918.

on 31st December, 1917.

Remaining in Hospital

Chinese

Treatment.

European Treatment.

Total.

Admitted.

Total Number of pa- tients under treatment.

Discharged.

Deaths.

Remaining in Hospital on 31st December, 1918.

Chinese Treatment.

European Treatment.

Out-patients.

Male,

92 1,042

900 1,942 2,034 | 1,253

661

120

6,433 10,535 16,968

204

Female,

36

354 400 754 790 418

336

36

5,026 11,091 16,117

129

Total.

Vaccinations.

Dead bodies brought to Hospital Mortuary for burial.

Destitutes sent home.

Total,

128

1,3961,300 2,696 2,824 1,671

997

156

11,459 21,626 33,085

333

...

Total for 1917, 120

|

1,292 1,096 2,388 2,508 1,683

|

697

128

10,635 21,853 32,488 3,387

268

O 27

C 28

Table XIV.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Kwong Wa Hospital for the Mo Ng Year (1918).

Receipts.

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

*

$

Balance brought forward from Ting Tsz Year, (1917),........

297

Refund of loan to Tung Wa

Hospital,

23,042

Government Grant,

8,500

Salaries and wages,

7,203

Loan from Tung Wa Hospital,...!

25,302

Food for staff,

2,372

Subscriptions from charitable

Patients' food and washing,

5,973

persons,

1,484

Sick room expenses,

1,307

Contribution by Mr. Chan Kang U from proceeds of theatrical performances given by himself, Subscriptions from Ko Shing

and Tai Ping Theatres, Contributions from Wa Fong and Tai Wo, photographers,.... Grant from Tung Wa Hospital, Appropriation from the Old Yau- mati Chinese Public Dispen- sary, All-night subscription by the Po Hing Theatre handed over by the Old Yaumati Chinese Pu- blic Dispensary,

Subscription from house to

Charcoal,

445

European drugs,

7,037

6,000

Chinese drugs,

3,321

Stationery, stamps, and adver-

2,200

tisements,

423

Light,

767

300

Telephone,

62

2,000

Sundries,

355

Bonus to servants,

114

Discount on sub-coins,

1

5,204

Repairs,

102

Coffins,

2,479

Burial expenses (apart from

coffins),

284

924

Burial of bodies from Yaumati

Mortuary,

341

house in Yaumati,

2,196

Grave stones,

137

Fees from patients,

970

Payments for Chinese medicine,

730

$

55,774

Premium on notes,.

74

Payments for kitchen refuse,..

114

Balance,......

626

Petty receipts,

101

Grand Total,...... $ 56,401.76

NOTE.

Grand Total,

56,401.76

Balance of deposits left with the Tung Wa Hospital in Ting Tsz year, ...$ 2,917.25 Deposits put in the Tung Wa Hospital in the Mo Ng year,

Borrowed from the Tung Wa Hospital in the Mo Ng year,

Balance,......

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

23,042.41

Total,.........$25,959.66

.$25,302.50

657.16

1

C 29

.

Table XV.

Summary of work done by the Chinese Public Dispensaries: Victoria, Harbour, Shaukiwan, and Kowloon Peninsula.

New Cases,.... Return Cases,

Description.

Total,.....

Certificates of nature of disease issued,

""

19

cause of death,.

Patients removed to hospital by ambulance,.. Corpses removed to hospital or mortuary,. Attendances at cleansing of infected premises, Compensation, claims sent in,.........

Applications received for coffins,

for midwives,

22

Infants brought to Dispensaries, (alive),

29

29

4

1

Grand Grand

Total. Total Total

1918. 1917.

58,535 48,871

107,406 104,004

39

51

...

374

351

• 648

421

1,510

1,422

608

276

3

858

644

280

182

""

(dead),...

93 1,612

Total,.

Vaccinations at private houses,

""

""

Dispensaries,

Total,

...

1,705 1,660

144 4,781

...

...

4,925

39,405

1

$

Table XVI.

Chinese Public Dispensaries: Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1918.

Receipts.

$

C.

Expenditure.

*

C 30

To Balance,

Grant by Government,

Donation from :-

50,609

2,000

""

Tai Ping Theatre,

6,000

Maintenances of Dispensaries, Victoria, 21,020

,, Dispensary, Harbour

and Yaumati, 4,835

San Theatre,

1,500

Ko Shing Theatre,.

300

""

""

""

Shaukiwan,

4,173

Donation for permission to hold

theatrical performances from :-

*

35

""

Kowloon City, 3,258

Mr. Wan Tsung-kai at Ming Un,

Tsat Tsz Mui,

200

Mr. Kwan Min-kwan at Tai

Ping Theatre,

150

War Bonus for Ratcatchers,

33,287

105

Committee of Tam Kung Temple, Causeway Bay,

100

Subscriptions, Land,

17,733

Wages of Ratcatchers paid for Sanitary Department,

1,200

Harbour,

8,746

>>

Shaukiwan,

2,232

Balance in Colonial Treasury ---

"}

Kowloon City,

2,928

39,890

Interest, Interest on Hongkong Government 6% War Loan $2,880 less $557.75 refunded to H. K. & S. Bank,................ Rent of house No. 3, Aberdeen Street, Wages to Ratcatchers paid by Sani- tary Department,.....

1,471

On Hongkong Government 6% War Loan,

51,000

In Cash,

12,553

2,322

1,272

Advance to Dispensaries' Clerks,.......

120

1,200

""

Alice Memorial Hos- pital for purchase of drugs,

500

64,173

Total,..

$ 198,766

14

Total,.

$98,766 14

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Receipts :-

C 31

Table XVII.

Hunghom and Shamshuipo Dispensaries.

Statement of Accounts ending 31st December, 1918.

To Balance,

Subscriptions, etc.,

Donations from :-

Description.

Po Hing Theatre,

Kún Yam Temple,

Scavenging Contractor at Hunghom,

Tin Hau and Kwan Tai Temple at Shamshuipo,

Interest,

Total,

Hung- hom.

Sham- shuipo.

$

c.*

*

C.

3,585

1,306

2,615

1,060

459

600

520

1,480

80

7,779.66 3,928.44

Expenditure:-

Through Secretariat for Chinese Affairs,

1,718

2,304

By Local Committee,

1,555 1,214

Total,

3,273.90 3,519.14

Balance :-

At Colonial Treasury,

With Local Committee,

Total,.

1,979

68

2,526

340

.$ 4,505.76

409.30

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

1

Number of deaths.

2

3

Table XVIII.

Deaths of Chinese in Hongkong and Kowloon during 1918 showing number in which the cause of death was duly certified and number in which a post-mortem examination was held.

Number certified.

uncertified.

Number

Percentage of

3 to 2.

5

Victoria,

Harbour,

9,126

4,662

4,464

51.1.

65

0.7

27

0.3

1,033

421

612

40.7

15

1.4

2

0.1

Kowloon,....

2,784

1,398

1,386

50.2

1

0

0

0·0

Shaukiwan,

348

142

206

40.8

0

0

0

0.0

Other villages in Hongkong,

159

11

148

6.9

0

0

0.0

Total,,

13,450

6,634

6,816

49.3

81

0.6

29

0.2

1

Number examined

after death and not

sent to mortuary.

Percentage of 6 to 2.

Number sent to

mortuary.

Percentage of

8 to 2.

- C 32

9

Table XIX.

Monthly Return of Bodies of Chinese considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year 1918.

Victoria.

Victoria.

Harbour. Kowloon.

Month.

Total.

West.

Central. East.

Hongkong

outside

Victoria.

New Territories.

Grand

Total.

Total.

January,

February,

March,..

9

15

15

12

32

April,

May,

June,

9

14

11

13

4224K

14

38

27

35

73

19

46

I

25

7

33

79

18

72

52

10

65

137

11

34

1

45

51

85

5

29

14

45

7

66

.95

15

20

10

45

26

32

58

103

July,

5

9

10

24

11

17

30

54

August,

10

7

9

26

21

27

2

50

76

September,

6

17

21

9

36

53

October,

7

14

29

November,

10

9

25

December,

8

6

232

28

1

41

70

26

35

60

20

11

36

8

55

75

Grand Total,

137

147

121

405

108

381

65

555

960 *

Total for 1917,

132

202

127

461

141

407

53

4

605

1,066 †

* In 1918, of 960, 43 were taken to Chinese Public Dispensaries. In 1917, of 1,066, 317 were taken to Chinese Public Dispensaries.

C 33 --

C 34

Table XX.

Return of Bodies abandoned during the years 1916, 1917, and 1918.

(Figures supplied by the Police Department.)

Male.

1916.

Female.

Unknown.

Over

15 years.

15 years and under.

Over

15 years.

15 years and under.

Over

Victoria,

38

102

4

103

Kowloon,...

17

81

77

Harbour,

28

34

Elsewhere,

4

17

34

12

15 years.

15 years

and under.

34121

Total,

87 234

13

226

10

Victoria, Kowloon,.. Harbour, Elsewhere,

1917.

15

19643

160

4

168

110

112

61

13

38

32

59

28

:

Total.

2 40 10 0

250

183 101

36

570

349

233

142

74

Total,

28

369

19 367

15

798

Victoria, Kowloon,... Harbour, Elsewhere,

7196O

1918.

192 214

170 2 156

1

55

41

28

22

:

:611

369 380

57

Total,

23 489

3

389

1

12

917

,}

Table XXI.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Chinese Permanent Cemetery for 1918.

- C 35

Receipts.

Payments.

$

To Balance,

..$ 7,394.27

By Rent of telephone,..

125.60

""

Interest from H. K. & S. B. C.,

87.96

""

Wages of Hui Yung & other gardeners,........ Sundries,

742.00

59.05

""

,, Repairs by Hui Lit and iron fittings,

2,077.40

Sale of 210 lots,

11,725,00

Construction of Cemetery by Hui Lit and stone em-

""

bankment,

4,591.13

Stone Embankment,

2,290.00

Crown rent for wharf,

2.00

"

Stamps,

10,00

Sale of vacant ground in front of graves,.

Advertisements and printing matters,

15.30

879.50

50 stone tablets by Wing. Lee,

20.00

Wo Kee for flowers,

25.65

53

39

Sale of one plan of grave sites,

1.00

>>

Water polished stone tablets, scrolls, and opening of

roads by Hop Kee,

275.00

Interest from Tai San Bank,

120.00

Motor car and launch fares for Chan Sham and other

""

""

detectives going to the cemetery 6 times,

10.00

15

Charges for filling up graves, ...

108.00

"

Labour for setting out & lots and cutting grass,.

175.10

Flowers and earth from Tsun Shang Lung,

69.35

>>

99

Interest on Hongkong War Loan Bonds,

""

Flowers from Japan and freight,

24.75

480.00

Interest refunded for War Loan Bonds,

210.41

""

>>

Freight and duty on earth from Chan Chun, and charges for bags, bamboo, hemp, and tobacco stalk,. Refund of amount for the sale of 2 lots including graves and embankments,..............

30.25

125.00/

Balance,

Total,..

.$23,085.73

8,587.99

14,497.74

Total,

$ 23,085.73

Disposal of Balance.

Deposit with H. & S. B. C.,

993.68

Tai San Bank,.

2,000.00

War Bonds,..

8,000.00

War Savings Bonds, .....

3,000.00

Cash in hand,

504.06

· Total,

$14,497.74

To Balance,

Rent of Stalls,

""

Table XXII.

Chinese Recreation Ground: Receipts and Expenditure, 1918.

Receipts.

Payments.

*

>

9,646

By Wages of Watchmen, &c., Water Account,

595

231

""

3,650

New lean-to Roof,

853

""

Installation of Gas Lamps,

Consumption of Gas,

Reinstating Trenches,

360

129

181

""

Fixing of Gutter and Downpipe,

57

Miscellaneous,

53

Balance,

10,834

"

Total,..

$ 13,296,60

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Total,.........

$ | 13,296.60

C 36

Table XXIII.

Statement of Accounts of Passage Money Fund.

C 37

{

Receipts.

To Balance on Fixed Deposit,

$4,250

Payments.

By Gifts to 9 women on being married,

*

18

""

""

""

on Current Account,. in hand,

3,414

69

sons,

7,733

>>

"3

Passage Money received,

$581

""

" Annual Charitable Allowance to two per-

Subscription to Alice Memorial Hospital,

""

72

50

Eyre Diocesan Refuge,

170

Less Refunds,

263

""

Gifts in aid of repatriation of emigrants,.

85

318

""

Passage for Fung Shi and Cheung Chik

Refund of advance to Li Fuk, fitter,

74

Kwai to Singapore,

35

""

"3

Interest on Fixed Deposit,

>>

>>

on Current Account,

$170

Miscellaneous,...

20

NARY 92

""

96

>>

Balance on Fixed Deposit,

..$4,250

Miscellaneous,

266

1

in Colonial Treasury,

3,692

7,942

"}

Total,

$

8,393.05

Total,

8,393.05

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Table XXIV.

Prosecutions under Ordinances No. 3 of 1888, No. 30 of 1915, and No. 4 of 1897.

Offence.

Convicted.

Discharged.

No. of

Cases.

Male.

Female. Male.

Female.

:

3

Remarks.

:

Bills,-Posting without permission,

Fireworks, Discharging without permits,.....

2

11

5

Drums and Gongs,-Night noises by beating,

3

262.

6

...

1

Processions, Organising in the public streets

without permit,......

Householders' Registration,-Failing to register, .

Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.

: ප:

3

:

1

:

:

:

81

∞ cr:

5.

3

3

2

19

53

14

13

:

:

:

Ordinance No. 30 of 1915.

Decoying men or boys into or out of the Colony,. Emigration House offences,

Personating emigrants,

Sending assisted emigrants out of the Colony with- out notifying the Secretary for Chinese Affairs,

Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.

Abduction of girls under 21,

Decoying women and girls into or away from the Colony,

Detaining, harbouring, or receiving women or girls,... Procuring women or girls to be common prostitutes,. Procuring girls under age to have carnal con- nection,

Deriving profits from prostitution and trading in

women,

1

:

:

:

:

C 38 -

C 39

Annexe A.

Report on the work of the Po Leung Kuk for the year 1918.

The following gentlemen were elected in March to serve as the Managing Committee for the year :-

Fung Ping-shan, Lei Wing-kwong, Lui Yam-sun,

Lo Chung-wan, Wong Lan-sang,

Yeung Sui-wong,

Mok Kon-sang, Tong Wan-ting, Chan Pik-chun,

Yu Yat-yu, Chau Ngan-ting,

Chui Chung-yik.

The number of inmates in the Po Leung Kuk on January 1st, 1918, was 51, and 356 persons were admitted during the year as against 450 in 1917. The circumstances of their admission and the action taken in regard to them are set out in Table A.

One hundred and thirty-eight (138) women and girls were committed under warrant, and 146 were admitted without war- rant. Of the remainder 39 were lost children, 11 were accom- panied by parent or guardian, and 22 were runaway maid-servants.

On leaving the Kuk 135 women and girls were restored to their husbands or other relatives, 13 were sent to charit- able institutions in China, 19 were given in adoption, and S married. The number released under bond, was 9, and 4 cases were sent to the Eyre Refuge, Italian Convent, or Victoria Home. The number of inmates remaining in the Kuk on the 31st Decem- ber was 53.

The income and expenditure during the year, and the assets and liabilities of the institution, are set out in Tables B and C attached.

The accounts of the Managing Committee in the customary form have again been audited by Messrs. Li Wing-kwong and Li King-lau. The balance to the credit of the Society at the end of the year was $21,977 as compared with $20,994 at the end of

1917.

The institution was. visited monthly by Justices of the Peace, Messrs. A. Mackenzie and Chau Siu-ki, who on no occasion found cause for adverse comment. The average monthly number of inmates was 55.

The matron reports favourably on industry of the inmates during the year. sickness, of which 72 were sent to the treatment, and of these 4 died.

the conduct, health, and There were 238 cases of Tung Wa Hospital for

E. R. HALLIFAX, Secretary for Chinese Affairs, President.

8th July, 1919.

:

Table A.

Number of Women and Girls admitted to the Po Leung Kuk during the year 1918 and the

arrangements made regarding them.

January, 1918,

In the Po Leung Kuk on 1st

Committed under Warrant from the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs. Committed under Warrant from

the Emigration Office. Pending the opening of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs. Sent with their own consent by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. Sent with their own consent from Singapore, Manila and Swatow. Sent with their own consent by the Police.

Lost Children.

Accompanying parents or guardians.

Runaway maid-servants.

Total.

Released after enquiry.

Released under bond.

Placed in charge of husband,

Placed in charge of parents and relatives.

Sent to Charitable Institutions

in China.

Sent to School, Convent,

or Refuge. Adopted.

Married.

Sent to French Consul to be sent home.

Died.

Cases under consideration.

Total.

H

CO

8

:

9

51

8

Admitted during the year, ... 121| 17

53 3

7 15 58 8 75 39

11

22 356 154

8

00

Total,

125 17

17 15 64 3 94 47 11

31 407 162

6

Kuk on the 31st Decem- Remaining in the Po Leung

ber, 1918,

5

6

3

15 | 11

:

8

53

1

2

29

83「 3

96 | 10

3 14

3

15

31 | 104 | 13

4 | 19

00

:

:

2

N

46

356

53

407

51

C 40

کے طور

X

Table B.

Po LEUNG KUK.

Statement of Receipts and Expenditure from 1st January to 31st December, 1918.

RECEIPTS.

C.

EXPENDITURE.

Balance from previous year :-----

On Fixed Deposit,

At Current Account,

19,000

1,994

20,994

Balance :-

Subscriptions:-

Yue Lan Celebrations, West Point,.

361

By the Elected Committee :--- (see Table C),

On Fixed Deposit,

At Current Account,

Elected Committee,

300

Guilds,

4,634

Man Mo Temple,

1,211

Theatres,

1,125

Hongkong Citizens,

20

Boy adoptions, ....

35

7,686

Interest :-

On Deposit,

1,000

On Current Account,

245

1,245

Total,....

29,927.94

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

**

*

7,950

20,000

1,977

21,977

C 41

Total,.

29,927.94

Table C.

Statement showing particulars of Expenditure by the Elected Committee from 1st January to 31st December, 1918.

C⚫42

RECEIPTS.

*

C.

EXPENDITURE.

$

*

Balance from previous year,

148

Received from Permanent Board,..

7,950

Decorations,

Food,...

50

2,844

Miscellaneous Receipts,..

27

Light and Fire,

869

Premium on bank notes,

21

Miscellaneous,

356

Passage Money,

49

Petty Expenditure,

238

Printing,

114

Repairs,...

331

Stationery,

102

Telephone,

62

7

Insurance,

321

Wages,

2,714

Balance,

8,050

92

Total,.........$

8,147.92

Total,.

$

8,147.92

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Appendix D.

REPORT OF THE HARBOUR MASTER

FOR THE YEAR 1918.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

REPORT.

1.-Shipping.

2.-Trade.

3. Revenue and Expenditure.

Steam-launches.

4.

5. Emigration and Immigration. 6. Registry of Shipping. 7.-Marine Magistrate's Court. 8.-Marine Court.

9. Examination of Masters,

Mates, and Engineers.

10. Examination of Pilots. 11.-Sunday Cargo Working. 12.-New Territories. 13. Lighthouses.

14.-Government Harbour Moorings.

TABLES.

I.--Number, Tonnage, Crews, and Cargoes of Vessels entered. II.-Number, Tonnage, Crews, and Cargoes of Vessels cleared. III. Number, Tonnage, Crews, and Cargoes of Vessels entered

at each Port.

IV. -Number, Tonnage, Crews, and Cargoes of Vessels cleared

at each Port.

V.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each Nation

-entered.

VI.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each Nation

cleared.

VII.-Junks entered from China and Macao.

VIII. -Junks cleared for China and Macao.

IX. Summary of Arrivals and Departures of all Vessels.

X.-Licensed Steam-launches entered.

XI. Licensed Steam-launches cleared.

XII.-Number of Boat Licences issued.

XIII.-Statement of Revenue.

XIV. Chinese Passenger Ships cleared by the Emigration Officer

(Summary).

XV. Return of Emigration.

XVI. Return of Male and Female Emigrants.

XVII. Vessels bringing Chinese Passengers to Hongkong from

places out of China (Summary).

XVIII. Return of Immigration.

XIX.-Return of Male and Female Emigrants returned.

D 2

XX.-Vessels registered.

XXI.-Vessels struck off the Register.

XXII.-Comparison in Number and Tonnage of Vessels in Foreign

Trade entered and cleared since 1908.

XXIII.--Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department. XXIV. Diagram of Tonnage of Vessels entered.

ANNEXES.

A.-Report on the Mercantile Marine Office. B.-Report on the Marine Surveyor's Office. C-Report on the Gunpowder Depôt.

1.-Shipping.

1. The total of the Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1918 amounted to 579,541 vessels of 29,518,189 tons, which, compared with the figures for 1917, shows a decrease of 53,537 vessels, with a decrease of 4,974,484 tons.

Of the above, 43,436 vessels of 16,955,332 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade, as compared with 48,026 vessels of 20,547,119 tons in 1917, and were distributed as follows:-

1917.

Numbers.

1918. Numbers.

1917.

Tonnage.

1918. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going Ships,

6.3%

5.6%

25.3 %

21.4 %

Foreign Ocean-

going Ships,

8.6

9.8

34.6

36.1

British River

Steamers, 13.8

13.3

19.5

20:3

Foreign River

Steamers, ...

34

3.5

4.1

3.6

Steam Launches

(under 60

tons),

13.6

13.8

0.9

1.1

Trading Junks, 543

54.0

15.6

17.5

100·0

100'0

100'0

100'0

N.B.-The movements of Fishing Junks are. not included in this Table.

2. Of vessels of European construction, 3,337 Ocean Steamers, 6 Sailing Ships, 3,660 River Steamers, and 2,986 Steamships not exceeding 60 tons entered during the year, giving a daily average of 27-3 ships, as compared with 299 in 1917, and 319 in 1916.

i

D 3

3. The average tonnage of individual Ocean Vessels entering the Port has decreased from 1,528 7 tons to 1,459-2 tons. That of British Ships has decreased from 1,720'3 tous to 1,482 6 tons, while that of Foreign Ships has increased from 1,4145 tons to 1,445'7

tons.

The average tonnage of individual River Steamers entering during the year has increased from 3102 tons to 4700 tons.

That of British River Steamers has decreased from 503:3 tons to 1359 tons, and that of Foreign River Steamers has increased from 393 2 tons to 4399 tons.

4. A comparison between the years 1917 and 1918 is given in the following table:-

1917.

1918.

Increase.

Decrease.

Class of Vessels.

No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

3,004

going,...

Foreign Ocean-

4,140|

going,

British River

6,665

5,168,058 | 2,444 | 3,627,576

7,121,490 | 4,234 6,117,893

3,999,537 | 5,807 3,441,445

560 1,540,482

94

1,003,597

858

555,092

Steamers,

Foreign River

1,619

812,696 1,510

612,314

109

230,382

Steamers,

Steamships un-

der 60 tons

(Foreign

6,531

198,060 6,002 180,738

Trade),

Junks, Foreign 26,067 3,217,078 23,439 2,972,366

Trade,.

Total, Foreign 48,026 20,546,919 43,436 16,955,332

Trade,......

Steam-launches

:

529

17,332

2,628 244,712

94

4,684 3,591,597

plying in

Waters of

548,536 12,423,736 499,102 10,734,658

|49,134 |1,689,078

Colony,

Junks, Local

*36,516

Trade,

6* 1,522,018 +37,003 † 1,828,199

487

306,181

Grand Total,

633,078 34,492,673 | 579,541 29,518,189 581

306,181 54,118 5,280,675

Net Decrease,..

53,537 4,974,494

* Including 11,988 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 665,548 tons.

**

11,686

53

多多

"3

**

""

638,884

""

í

D 4

5. This table shows a decrease in British Ocean-going Ship- ping of 560 ships, or 229 per cent., and a decrease of 1,540,482 tons or 424 per cent. This is due to a larger number of coasting steamers and regular lines to India and other countries being chartered by the Government and employed in other waters.

British River Steamers have decreased by 858 ships and 555,092 tons or 14.8 per cent in numbers and 16'1 per cent in tonnage. This is due to the Tai Lee and Wing On being taken over by the Govern- ment and employed in other waters, the Nam Hoi changing from British to Chinese flag, the Taishan being sold and trading in other waters, and the Sanui and Lintan changing their flag.

Foreign Ocean-going Vessels have increased by 94 ships with a decrease of 1,003,597 tons or 22 per cent. in numbers and 16:4 per cent. in tonnage. This is explained by a small increase in Chinese, French, Portuguese, and American ships of smaller tonnage.

Foreign River Steamers show a decrease of 109 ships of 230,382 tons or 72 per cent. in numbers and 376 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to the Charles Hardouin, Paul Beau, and Licorne being taken off the run and sold.

In Steamships not exceeding 60 tons employed in Foreign Trade there is a decrease of 529 ships and a decrease of 17,322 tons or 8.8 per cent. in numbers and 9'0 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to a great number of launches being laid up through coal being too expensive to run them with any margin of profit.

Junks in Foreign Trade show a decrease of 2,628 vessels of 244,712 tons or 112 per cent. in numbers and 82 per cent. in ton- nage. This decrease is due to the unsettled state of South China and the greater prevalence of piracy in the Canton Delta during

the year.

In Local Trade (i.e., trade between places within the Waters of the Colony), there is a decrease in Steam-launches of 49,434 vessels with a decrease in tonnage of 1,689,078 tons or 99 per cent. in num- bers and 15.7 per cent. in tonnage. This is also due to the number of launches being laid up through the high cost of coal.

Junks in Local Trade show an increase of 487 vessels and 306,181 tons or 13 per cent. in numbers and 16 per cent. in ton- nage. This is chiefly due to reclamation of foreshores in the Colony being carried out on which to a great extent this trade depends.

6. The actual number of individual Ocean-going Vessels of European construction during 1918 was 675 of which 162 were British and 513 Foreign. In 1917 the corresponding figures were 750, 259 British and 491 Foreign.

These 675 ships measured 1,476,594 tons. They entered 3,343 times and gave a collective tonnage of 4,878,119. Thus 75 fewer ships entered 680 fewer times and gave a collective tonnage reduced by 1,272,215 tons, an average of 1,8709 tons per entry.

D 5-

Thus

Steamers.

No. of Times entered.

Total Tonnage.

Flag.

1917. 1918. 1917. 1918. 1917. 1918.

1,219 2,582,521 1,803,176

Steamers 257

158

1,501

British

Sailing...

2

4

2

4

Steamers

268

291

1,507

911

3,205 10,121 2,110,499 1,744,888

Japanese

Sailing

1

1

751

Norwegian,

37

25

138

108

165,536 128,157

Chinese,

54

66

328

620

335,475 424,965

Danish,

6

5

6

7

16,360 18,915

Dutch,

42

58

156

133

427,585 334,347

French,

24

20

155

153

250,831 154,474

Portuguese,.

15

4.

142

80

67,972 43,063

Russian,

2

Siamese,

Swedish,

22

10 50 2

5

5

13

6,721

15,244

3

2

4,072

1,801

4

3

10,825

8,304

U.S.A., {Sailing.

Steamers

36

32

74

88

164,792

187,309

1

1,271

Italian,

1

1

3,420

Steamers

Belgian, No Flag,

Sailing.

1

2,074

1

1

445

Total,

750 675 4,023 3,343 6,150,3344,878,109

7. The 162 British ships carried 1,396 British officers and 38 Foreign officers, the latter consisting of 11 Norwegians, 13 Americans, 1 Dane, 4 Swedish, 2 Japanese, 3 Dutch, 1 Belgian, 2 Russians, and 1 Roumanian.

Thus, the proportion of Foreign officers in British ships was 272 per cent., comprising 9 nationalities, an increase of 7 per cent., with a decrease in number of officers and ships.

8. The 513 Foreign ships carried 3,437 officers, of whom 57 were British, as follows:

In Chinese ships

"}

Japanese ships

French ships

Russian ships -

>"

United States ships

1917.

1918.

42

45

11

58

57

Thus 16 per cent of the officers serving in Foreign ships were of British nationality, with a decrease in the number of officers and an increase in the number of ships.

D 6-

9. The Nationality of the Crews in British and in Foreign ships was as follows:-

AMERICANS

VESSELS.

BRITISH CREW.

AND

ASIATICS.

EUROPEANS.

1917. 1918. 1917. 1918.| 1917. 1918. 1917. 1918.

British,. 259 162 12,889 9,306 699 641 106,555 86,386

Foreign,. 491 513 1,026

75112,030 9,113 123,219122,479

Total,

750 675 13,915 10,057 12,729 9,754 229,774208,865

Hence in British ships

And in Foreign ships:-

1917.

1918.

1917.

1918.

10-72 %

9'66 % of the crews were British.

0.75 %

0.58 % of the crews

were British.

0.58 %

0.66% of the crews were other Europeans.

8.83 %

6.88 % of the crews

were other Europeans.

88.70 %

89.68 % of the crews 90·42 % 92:54 % of the crews

were Asiatics.

2.--Trade.

were Asiatics.

10. Detailed and accurate statistics of imports and exports are now collected and published by the Imports and Exports Depart- ment. The rough statements hitherto included in these reports will therefore be discontinued.

11. The number and tonnage of ships of European type con- struction carrying cargo for import and transit, compared with 1917, were as follows:-

1917.

1918.

Increase.

Decrease.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

Steamers,

3,570 | 6,147,054 | 3,337 | 4,864,643

233 1,282,411

River Steamers, 4,131 2,416,387 3,660 | 2,028,674

471 387,713

Sailing Vessels,

3,205

6 13,466

10,261

Total,

7,703 | 8,566,646 |7,003 | 6,906,783 4

10,261

704 1,670,124

Net Decrease,...

700 1,659,863

12. The corresponding figures relating to ships of European type of construction, exporting cargo

and shipping bunker coal, are as follows:-

EXPORTS.

1917.

1918.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Tonnage. No.

No.

Tonnage.

Tonnage.

No.

Tonnage.

Steamers,

River Steamers,

6,139,214 3,332 | 4,862,038 3,571 4,153 2,415,846 3,657 2,028,085

239

1,277,176

496

387,761

Sailing Vessels,

3

7,396

3

7,396

Total,

7,724 8,555,060 6,992 6,897,519

3

7,396

735

1,664,937

Net Decrease,

732

1,657,541

Exported 2,617,464 tons including River Trade as compared with 2,514,331 tons in 1917.

1917.

1918.

Increase.

Decrease.

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Bunker

Bunker

Strs.

Strs.

Coal.

Coal.

Steamers,

3,571

407,395 | 3,332

357,109

239

50,286

River Steamers,

4,153

76,582 | 3,657

52,322

496

24,260

Total,.

7,724

483,977-6,989

409,431

735

74,546

:

Net Decrease,

735

74,546

:

— D 7 —

:

D 8

13. The River Trade, compared with 1917, is shown in the following Table :-

1917,

1918,

Year.

Imports.

Exports.

Passengers.

391,555

392,472

1,715,317

362,146

399,458

1,410,400

14. The following Table shows the Junk Trade of the Colony for the years 1917 and 1918:-

IMPORTS.

1917.

1918.

Junks.

Foreign Trade,

13,020

Tons. 1,611,009

Junks.

Tons.

11,698

1,501,757

Local Trade,

12,124

430,111

12,290

1,561,890

Total, ...... 25,144

2,041,120

23,988

3,063,647

Imported 771,636 tons as under :—

Cattle, 4,185 head,

Swine, 19,415 head, General,

Tons.

490 1,139

770,007

Total............. 771,636

EXPORTS.

1917.

1918.

Junks.

Tons.

Junks.

Tons.

Foreign Trade, Local Trade,

4....

13,047

1,596,269

11,741

1,470,609

12,404

426,359

13,027

627,425

Total,

25,451

2,022,628

24,768

2,098,034

Exported 961,213 tons as under :-

Kerosine, 504,680 cases,

Rice and Padi,

Coal,.....

General,

Tons.

14,555

392,205

* 124,274

425,179

Total,............ 961,213

15. Summary of the Shipping and Trade of the Port for the year 1918 :-

D 9-

TONS.

Passengers.

No. of

Ships.

Emi-

British Ocean-going,

Dis-

charged.

2,444 1,442.256 1,011,778

Shipped.

In

Transit.

Bunker Coal,] Total.

Registered

Tonnage.

grants.

Arrived. Departed.

527,706

136,894 | 3,118,634

3,627,576

76,044

60,015 18,193

Foreign Ocean-going,

4,234 | 2,732,137

1,206,228

1,255,290

220,215 | 5,415,870

6,117,893

85,761

53,207

25,637

British River Steamers,

5,807

238,465

294,831

43,299 1,782,996

3,444,445

625.129

615,920

Foreign River Steamers,...

6,501

173,681

104.627

9,023

409,431

612,314

80,857

88,494

Total..

18,986 | 4,586,539 | 2,647,464 | 1,782,996

409,431 10,726,931 13,802,228

867,781

817,636 43.830

Steam-launches, Foreign Trade,

Junks, Foreign Trade,

Total, Foreign Trade,

Steam-launches, Local Trade,...

Junks, Local Trade,...

6,002 23,439 615,263 854.403 48,427 5,204,407 3,474,741 499,102 7,095 7,404 25,317 156,373 107,080

2,605

2,874

1,782,996

40,509 45,988 180,738 1,469,666 2,972,366 449,940 12,242,585 | 16,955,332

4,179,229

4,199.801

60,008

64,826

5,107,018

5,082,263

43,830

Total, Local Trade,

524,419

163,468 114,484

Grand Total,

572,846 | 5,367,875

3,589,225 1,782,996

20,396 34.895 10,734,658 263.453 1,189,315

20,396 298,348 | 11,923,973 470,336 12,540,933 | 28,879,305

15,975

15,213

9,461

12,081

25,436

27,294

5,132,454

5,109,557

43,830

D 10

3. Revenue and Expenditure.

16. The gross Revenue collected by the Harbour Department during the year was $594,278.91 as against $666,102.76 collected in the previous year, showing a decrease of $71,823.85 or 12% :-

Light Dues,

Light Dues, Special Assessment.. Licences and Internal Revenue,. Fees of Court and Office, Miscellaneous Services,

1917.

1918.

$ 68,656.82 $ 52,816.92

Increase.

Decrease. $ 15,839,90 16,704.45 465.48

79,810.39 63,105.94

169,294.82

168,829.34

348,340.73

309,426.71

$ 38,914.02

100.00

100.00

$666,102.76 $594,278.91 $

100.00 $71,923.85

The principal decreases are under Light Dues $15,839.90, Light Dues Special Assessments $16,704.45 (due to lack of ships of large tonnage), Boat Licences $2,204.95, Junk Licences $1,929.00, Engagement and Discharge of Seamen $7,565.00 (due to lack of shipping), Fees for use of Government Buoys $1,562.00, Medical Examination of Emigrants $27,935.00 (due to restrictions against Hongkong by Straits Settlements), Registry Fees $3,730.00, and Survey of Steam-ships $6,551.17 (due to lack of shipping).

The principal increases are under Fines $2,686.10, Steam Launch Licences $1,008.67, Gunpowder Storage $4,453.15, Official Signature $2,904.00, and Steam-launch Surveyor's Certificates $1,515.00.

17. The Expenditure of the Harbour Department for 1918 was $173,527.64 as against $198,015.49 expended in 1917 showing a decrease of $24,487,85. This decrease is due to certain Expendi- ture incurred on Harbour Department Steam-launches in 1917 which was not necessary during this year, and to other Savings.

Under Special Expenditure a sum of $886.93 was expended in buying new furniture for the Department.

The Amount of Light Dues collected during the year 1918 was as follows:-

Special Assessment.

Class of Vessels.

No. of

Trips.

Tonnage.

Rate

per ton.

Fees

Collected.

Rate

per ton.

Fees

Collected.

Total Fees

Collected.

$

C.

C.

$

Ocean Vessels,..

3,257

4,901,032

1 cent.

49,010.32·1 cent.

49,010.32

98,020,64

Steam-launches,

2,424

80,890 Ι

808.90 1

808.90

1,617.80

River Steamers, (Night Boats),.

1,707

899,321

2,997.70

4,496.98

7,494.68

Do.,

(Day Boats),

1,551

1,054,768

Nil.

கள

BB

>>

8,789.74

8,789.74

Total,...

8,939 6,936,011

$52,816.92

$63,103.94

$115,922.86

D 12

4. Steam-launches.

18. On the 31st December, 1918, there were 337 steam-launches (including licensed motor boats) employed in the harbour. Of these, 281 were licensed for the conveyance of passengers, etc.

7 Chinese

launches were laid up on account of high price of coal. 27 were the property of the Colonial Government, and 22 belonged to the Imperial Government, comprising 4 Military and 18 Naval. In addition to the above there were 20 motor boats privately-owned, for pleasure and private purposes.

Four hundred and forty-seven (447) engagements and four hundred and thirty (430) discharges of Masters and Engineers were made during the year.

Seven (7) steam-launches were permitted to carry arms for their protection against pirates.

5.-Emigration and Immigration.

19. Forty-three thousand eight hundred and thirty (43,830) emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1918, (96,298 in 1917). Of these, 18,193 were carried in British ships, and 25,637 in Foreign ships.

Seventy-four thousand one hundred and nine (74,109) returning emigrants were reported to have been brought to Hong- kong from the several places to which they had emigrated either from this Colony or from Coast Ports, as against 98,232 in 1917. Of these 35,109 arrived in British ships and 39,000 in Foreign ships.

6. Registry, etc., of Shipping.

20. During the year, 16 ships were registered under the pro- visions of the Imperial Merchant Shipping Act, and 17 Certificates of Registry cancelled. 120 documents, etc., were dealt with in con- nection with the Act, the fees on which amounted to $2,568.00 as compared with $6,298.00 in 1917.

7-Marine Magistrate's Court.

21. Two hundred and sixty-one cases were heard in the Marine Magistrate's Court (284 in 1917). Breach of Harbour Regulations, Boarding ships without permission, Disobeying the lawful orders of the Harbour Master, Failing to observe the Rules of the Road, Making fast to steamers while under way, Neglecting to exhibit the Regulation Lights, Dredging without permit, Passing through the Yaumati Typhoon Shelter at an excess speed, Being in Causeway Bay without permit, and Carrying passengers in excess were the principal offences.

1

1

D 13

8. Marine Court.

(Under Section 19 of Ordinance 10 of 1899.)

22. During the year 1918 there two courts were held, viz. : (1.) On the 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, and 30th January, 1918, to enquire into the circumstances of misconduct and disobedience of lawful orders on the part of Mr. N. G. Majer, Chief Officer of the British Steamship Manapouri.

(2.) On the 13th June, 1918, to enquire into the stranding of the British Steamship Tjitaroem.

9.-Examination of Masters, Mates, and Engineers.

(Under Board of Trade Regulations.)

23. The following Tables show the number of Candidates examined under Ordinance 10 of 1899 for Certificates of Competency, distinguishing those who passed from those who failed:-

Grade.

Passed.

Failed.

Master,

10

First Mate,...

18

First Mate, Provisional,

1

Second Mate,

20

6

Second Mate, Temporary,...

1

Master, River Steamer,

1

Mate, River Steamer,

1

:

Compass Syllabus,

1

Total,

61

7

First Class Engineer,...

10

4

Second Class Engineer,

15

8

Total,

25

12

For Steamships not exceeding 60 tons, under Section 37 of Ordinance 10 of 1899 :-

-----

Candidates.

Passed. Failed.

For Master,

65

12

For Engineers,

69

4

Total,...

134

16

D 14

10. Examination of Pilots.

(Under Ordinance No. 3 of 1904.)

24. There were no candidates examined during the year. Nineteen (19) licences were renewed.

11. Sunday Cargo-Working.

25. There were 1,247 permits issued during the year under Ordinance No. 1 of 1891, as compared with 1,108 in 1917. Of these, 399 were not used as the ships did not arrive up to time, and in some cases it was found unnecessary to work cargo on the Sunday.

The Revenue collected under this head amounted to $133,800 as against $133,675 in 1917.

The increase is due to the shortage of tonnage and the anxiety of ship-owners to get their ships away from port as soon as possible.

12.-New Territories.

(Twentieth year of British Administration.)

26. The Out-stations attached to the Harbour Department con- tinued to perform the work allotted to them and during the year Licences, etc., were issued by them as follows :—

1917.

1918.

Cheung Chau, opened 1899.....

2,584

2,667

Tai O,

1899...

2,904

2,509

""

Tai Po,

1900...

3,027

2,882

Sai Kung,

1902...

*"

1,189

914

Long Ket,

1905...

991

1,288

Deep Bay, Lantao,

1911...

941

1,078

""

1912....

""

2,001

1,719

13,637

13,057

13.-Lighthouses.

GAP ROCK LIGHTHOUSE.

27. During the year 1918, seven hundred and forty-one (741) vessels were reported by telegraph as passing this station and five (5) were not reported owing to communication being interrupted.

Two thousand nine hundred and twenty-four (2,924) telegraphic messages, including meteorological reports for the Observatory, were sent, and four hundred and sixty-three (463) messages were received.

Except for a few slight interruptions telegraphic communication was maintained throughout the year.

D 15

From the 1st January to 31st May the light was not exhibited. From the 1st June to 31st December it was exhibited nightly from sunset to sunrise.

There were sixty-three (63) hours of fog and the fog-signal was fired three hundred and ninety-one (391) times.

On six (6) occasions the relief was delayed by rough weather.

WAGLAN LIGHTHOUSE.

During the year 1918, two thousand three hundred and ninety- eight (2,398) vessels were reported. One thousand five hundred and twenty-one (1,521) messages were sent and four hundred and ten (410) received.

Owing to telegraphic communication being interrupted two hundred and forty-eight (248) vessels were not reported.

There were one hundred and twenty (120) hours of fog, and the fog-signal was fired one thousand two hundred and forty-four (1,244) times.

The reliefs were regular throughout the year.

The order issued on 31st March, 1917, that the light was not to be exhibited (except when typhoon signals were hoisted) was rescinded on the 1st June, 1918, and since that date the light has been continuously exhibited at night.

GREEN ISLAND.

During the year three hundred and eighty-eight (388) vessels were signalled and reported. In addition three hundred and twenty-six (326) messages were sent and one hundred and fifty- three (153) received.

Owing to telephone communication being interrupted at three different times during the year nine (9) vessels were not reported.

The order issued on the 27th March, 1917, that the light was not to be exhibited (except when typhoon signals were hoisted) was rescinded on the 15th December, 1918. Since the latter date the light has been exhibited continuously at night.

Kap Sing Island Lighthouse has been regularly inspected, and is in good order and working satisfactorily.

The Cape Collinson Aga Flash Light was not exhibited from the night of 31st March, 1917, until the 15th December, 1918. Since the latter date the light has been continuously exhibited at night.

The nine Aga Flash Lights have been attended to from this station, namely, Mawan Island, Signal Hill Lighthouse, the Fairway and Cust Rock Buoys, and Harbour of Refuge. These have been burning continuously, accurately, and satisfactorily during the year.

+

...

D 16

14-Government Harbour Moorings.

28. The whole of this scheme has been practically in force since April, 1916, and is proving an efficient system of berthing steamers in this Harbour. With the decreased staff at my disposal I find it a great convenience that vessels take up a clear and secure berth without an officer having to be detailed for this purpose which formerly was found necessary to prevent them from mooring in the Fairways and other prohibited areas.

The Harbour Moorings consist of 10 A Class, 14 B Class, and 21 C Class Buoys, making a total of 45 Buoys. The 10 A Class Buoys in use during the year averaged 2,099 days rent at $8 per day, the 14 B Class Buoys averaged 3,507 days rent at $6 per day, and the 21 C Class Buoys averaged 5,230 days rent at $4 per day, Private Buoys (Dock Co.'s) $840, making a total revenue of $59,594 against $61,156 in 1917.

A and B Class Buoys are allotted to vessels on application being made by their respective agents 48 hours in advance. C Class Buoys are taken up by vessels on arrival at positions to suit the nature of their trade. The demand by larger vessels at Wanchai necessitated an A Class mooring to be laid down during the year and is known as A 28.

A further demand is also anticipated and will have to be pro- vided for.

During the year 20 moorings were lifted and relaid after neces- sary repairs had been effected. 26 buoys were scaled and painted and one new B Class buoy built by contract.

The total expenditure for upkeep of Government Moorings and Buoys for the year is $13,467.50.

HARBOUR DEPARTMENT,

5th March, 1919.

C. W. BECKWITH, Commander, R.N.,

Harbour Master, &c.

:

+

"

DI

Table I.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of VESSELS ENTERED AT I

Australia and

New Zea-

'PTG[

British North Borneo.

Canada.

Coast of China, i

Ships.

Coast of China,Į Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China,] Junks.

:

:

:

:

:

:

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Car-

goes,

Vessels,..

Tons,

Crews,......

Transit,

13

13

19

2,460

8,676 20,840 83,311 1,873,730

802 1,178 5,121

135,383

7,500

16,900

288,100

Discharged,

16,500 (30,800 |18,700

547,800

Vessels,.

Tons,

Crews,...

[Vessels,...

Tons,

58

:

:.

74,183

4,426

13

13

19

2,518

:

:

:..

Cochin China.

Continent of

Europe.

Formosa.

88

19

92,797

6,905

5,556

308

8,100

153,800

700

:

:

:

:

COUNTRIES W

Great Britain.

India and

Straits

Settlements.

Japanese Ports.

Java and other |

34

77

18

144,442 160,056

60,121

2,856 7,926 1,833

116,400

19,300 48,400

105,200 | 127,200 27,000

2

1,906

150

88

~

34

79

18

8,676 20,840 83,311| 1,947,913

92,797

6,905

144,442 161,962

60,121

TOTAL.

Crews.....

Car-

'8008

Transit,

802 1,178 5,121

7,500

139,809

5,556

305

16,900

288,100

8,100

Discharged,

16,500 30,800 18,700

547,800

Vessels,

15

3

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Car-

goes,

Tons,

TOTAL.

Car-

goes,

Crews,.......

Transit,

Discharged,

(Vessels,.

Tons,

Crews,.

Vessels,.

Tons,.

Crews,.....

45,758 6,542 14,577

1,442 168 250

37,800 500

783 1,004 8,173

482,835 33,451 1,101,299 336,800

44,948 17,505 128,319 19,036

48,600

153,800

309

700

18,200

15,400 3,600 11,200

227,400 7,100 720,400 490,400

6 179

33,496 172,555

1,293 11,152

2,400 7,300

8,500 181,900

21

2,856 8,076 1,833

116,400 19,300 48,400

105,200 127,200 27,000

326

83,430 212,463| 687,224

2,323 6,615 21,600 -

93,800 200,300| 472,800

99

14,000 103,100| 564,100

:

76 1,967

3,186

:

56,860 56,262 | 396,349

:

3,352 20,936

48,687

:

2

12

322

11,523

50

459

i

15

3

10

859 2,971 11,359

309

45,758 6,542 14,577

Transit,

Discharged,.

Vessels,..

28

1,442 168 250

37,800 500

15,400 | 3,600 (11,200

16

48,300 38,441 177,006

48,600

539,695 89,713 1,497,648 336,800

19,036

18,200

227,400 7,100| 720,400

490,400

24.

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Car-

goes,

Tons,.

Crews,

Transit,

Discharged,

64,434 27,382 97,888 |

2,244| 1,346 | 5,371

45,300 500 16,900

3,243.1,004 8,173

2,356,565 33,451 1,101,299 429,597

180,331 17,505 | 128,319 24,592

336,700

397

6 179

33,496 172,555

1,293 (11,152

2,400 7,300

8,500 181,900

Þ 179

40,401172,555 227,872 372,519| 747,345

21

101

338

83,430 212,785 | 698,747

2,323 6,665 22,059

93,800 200,300 | 472,800

55

14,000 103,100 | 564,100

176

314

-

18,200

31,900 34,400 (29,900

1,598 11.152 5,179 14,541 23,433

10,500 7,300 210,200| 219,600 | 521,200

775,200| 7,100| 720,400 644,200 9,200 181,900 119,200 230,300 591,100

Vessels,..

:

TOTAL.

Car-

goes,

Tons,

Crews,..

[Vessels,..

Tons,..

Crews,....

:

:

:

:

134 1,967

131,043 56,262 396,349

3,186

7.778 20,936

48,687

12

2,228

11,523

200

439

:

28

16

24

Transit,

Discharged,

64,434 27,382 97,888

2,244|1,346|5,371

45.300 500 16,900

31,900 34,400 (29,900

397

3,377 2,971 11,359

2,487,608 (89,713 1,497,648 429,597

188,109 38,441 177,006 24,592

336,700

18,200

775,200 7,100| 720,100| 614,200

179

55

180

356

40,401 172,555 | 227,872 | 374,747 758,868

1,598 11,152 5,179 14,741 23,892

10,500| 7,300 210,200| 219,600| 521,200

9,200 181,000 119,200 230,300 591,100

17 כ

TOTAL.

South Africa.

America. South

Tsingtau.

of America.

United States

Wei-hai-wei.

PORTS in the COLONY of HONGKONG from EACH COUNTRY, in the YEAR 1918.

Ships.

Macao,

Steamships

under 60

Macao,

tons.

Macao, Junks,

Mauritius.

N. America.

N. & S. Pacific.

Philippine - Islands.

Port Arthur.

Hainan and Ports in

Gulf of

Tonkin.

Russia in Asia.

; WHENCE ARRIVED.

Java and other Islands in

the Indian

Archipelago.

Kwang-chau-

wan.

:

00

1

11

38

960

24,411 7,368 595,725

3 696 1,545 35,476

0

0 25,300 | 4,300

20,400

1

2,070

21

:

:.

:

:

:

Siam.

:

56

:

63,738

3,795

156

96

115,874 8,840 117,174

9,251 305 7,724

1,600

4,000 500 2,100

77,900

174,600 8,500| 177,900

:

:

:

:

:

:

***

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

12

38

966

26,481

7,368 595,725

717 1,545

35,476

...

:

:

:

1

10

3

4,064

3,631

53,348 5,520 3,456,510

123 1,244 282 221,401.

2,700

10,300 1,700 | 527,600

59,500 2,500 1,578,600

:

:

:

1

144

59

62

:

:

.56

63,738

3,795

9,310

305 7,724

1,600

4,000

500 2,100

157

96

:

:

:

78,303

4,656

1

10

3

4,126

116,018 8,840 | 117,174

3,634

53,348 5,520 3,534,813

:

123

1,244 282

226,057

2,700

10,300 1,700 527,600

77,900

26

41,362

1.629

10,200

17,200

:

:

174,600 8,500 | 177,900

:

59,500 2,500 1,578,600

346

1

71

5

7

113

***

157,185 1,922 67,650

16,528 152

6,900

4,337

:

:

|26,672 | 9,022 | 488,708

12,220

|4,458,743

619 366 17,018

320,854

:

149,100

,254,600

:.

:

:

26

38,017

:

:

:

188,000 1,600 | 108,300

23,500 8,200| 295,000

3,282,500

4

1,766

:

5,457

:

549,940

149

350

1

71

10

:

77,229

7

113

17,677

158,951 1,922 67,650

|26,672 | 9,022 | 488,708

5,005,338

1,629

16,677 152 4,337

619 366

10,200

6,900

:

17,018

149,100

398,083

1,254,600

17,200

82

105,100

5,424

11,800

95,100

188,000 1,600| 108,300

|23,500| 8,200| 295,000

3,282,500

:

502

4

167

10

5

8

123

316,284

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

273,059 10,762 184,824

25,779 457 12,061

10,900 500 2,100

362,600 10,100 | 286,200

26,672 12,656 542,056 5,520 7,915,253

619 489 18,262 282 542,255

2,700 159,400 | 1,700 1,782,2.0

|23,500 8,200| 354,500 2,500 4,861,100

077

5

:

1,910

:

208

:

:

:

5,519

628,243

81.885

123

3 21,803

0 25,300 4,300

20,400

3

179

177

105

9 258

364,881 48,037 17,010

181 25,683

)

11,822 8,712

1,365

84 3,571

206,700

231,700 25,000 19,300

17,600

2

}

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

197

3,370

146 23,342

367

50 3,179

:

179 177

364,881 48,037

112

15 455

20,380

327 49,025

} 11,822 8,712

1,732

134 6,750

| 206,700

231,700 25,000

19,300

17,600

-190

215 1,071

9.

258

389,292 55,105 | 612,735

181 25,683

12,518 10,257 36,841

84 3,571

206,700

)|257,000 29,300

39,700

|17,600

2,070

21

:

:

7

6 197

3,370

146 (23,342

367

50 3,179

:

:

:

...

|26,672 |12,656 | 542,056 | 5,520 8,543,496

82

105,100

5,424

11,800

95,100

:

507

167

274,969 10,762 | 184,824

457

500

25,987

10,900

12,061

2.100

362,600 10,100| 286,200

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

191

215

1,078 15 455

| 391,362 55,405| 616,105

327 49,025

12,539 |10,257) 37,208 134 6,750

206,700

257,000 29,300 39,700

|17,600

:

:

...

:

619 489

18,262 282

624,140

2,700 159,400 1,700 |1.782 200

23,500 8,200| 351,500| 2,5004.861,100

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

1

TOTAL.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Australia and

New Zealand.

British North

Borneo.

Canada,

:

Ceast of China,

Ships.

Coast of China, | Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China, Junks.

Table II.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of VESSELS CLEARED AT

COUNTRIES TO

Cochin China.

Continent of

Europe.

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews.

13

13

27

2,474

16,697 20,329 111,738 1,918,149

806

1,172 5,324

146,195

Cargoes,

16,300

7,200 51,800

695.000

:

:

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,

500

1,800 4,000

50,700

:

:

Vessels,

1

30

:

67

3

109

34

73,093

12,877

36,576 | 216,852 112,264

8,590

4,343

233

294

37,800

6,800

11,900

300

14

G

875 10,280 3,206

10,700 | 131,300 55,300 2.200

Tons,

Crews,

2,753

53

:

40,829

1,503

:

13,459

922

:

Bunker Coal, .

700

1,800

3,100

Vessels,

13

14

27

2,501

:

$1

3

Tons,.

Crews,

Cargoes,..

16,697 23,082 111,738 1,958,978

806 1,225 5,324 147,698

16,300 7,200 51,800 695,000

86.552

12,877

:

:

:

:

:

5,265

233

37,800

6,800

Shipped,

36,576 227,229: 117,175

895 11,187 3,368

10,700 | 134,300 55,300 2,200

5,800 32,800 6,700

500

11

3

9

10,377

4,911

26,291

907

162

460

3,600

300

1,600

9

120

37

13

34.881

754

Bunker Coal,

500

2,500 4,000

52,500

15,000

300

5,800 36,400 7,000 2,100

[Vessels,

12

12

Tons,

41,630 1,292 65,052

Crews,

Cargoes,.

7,300

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,

1,400

1,380 49 1,648

200 21,600

500 1,300

813 552 8,199

493,211 22,120 | 983,707 | 198,043

45,307 12,717 | 135,519 12,081

208,800 | 7,400 | 713,900 | 59,000

21,900 4,100

33,300

205

14

106

60,563 115,611

24

160

234

92,150 330,088 481,330 170,879

75

...

[Vessels,

Tons,.

Crews

1,113

36

26 2,445 3,113

19,126 68,112 388,919|| 182,118

162

2,552 6,862

14,500 72,300

2,800 500

70

2,764 10,011 12,744 5,782

25,100 171,400

100 28,000

29,400 75,800

18,500 8,700

:

17

15

41

65,672

14,093

22,978

62,353

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

30

200

:

:

1,055 25,945

42,211

7,560

2,453

:

708

642

2,179

1,400 16,300

12

2

12

Tons,

Crews,

1,380

Cargoes,

7,300

11,630 2,105 | 65,052

83 1,648

200| 21,600

Shipped,

Buuker Coal,

1,400

700 1,300

Vessels, ru

=

25

14.

39.1

Tons,

Crews,

Shipped,

Cargoes,.....

Bunker Coal,

1,900 2,300 5,300

839 2,997 11,312

512 337 90,232 1,372,626 380,161

46,362 38,662 | 177,730

19,641

208,800 7,400 713,900 | 59,000

23,300 20,400

63,200

3.287 552 8,199 272 58,327 24,621 176,790| 2,411,360 |22,120 983,707| 271,136

2,186 1,219 6.972

191,502 12,717 | 135,519 23,600 7,400| 73,400 903,800 | 7,400 | 713,900.

72,600 4,100

29,900

367

900

1,700

700

8,300

14 176

24

177

249

116

33

16,424

96,800

45,200

Vessels,

2

Tons,

Crews,

3,866

89

:

:

:

56 2,145 3,113 59,955 68.112 388,919

176

60,563 | 181,283

2,552 9,315

14,500 72,300

2,800 1,400

17 106

269

268

73,440 115,611 128,726 546,940 693,594 179,469

2,785 6,862

21,300 72,300

3,100 500

70

92,150 | 344,181 | 504,308 | 233,232

2,761 10,719 13,386 7.961

25,100 171,400 29,400 75,800

400 29,700 19,200 17,000

79

3,659 20,291 15,950 6,076

35,800 305,700 81,700 78,000

6,200 | 60,800

28

25,200 9,200

18

50

95,577

65,672

24,470

27,889 88,611

2,558 25,345 42,211 8,482

2,453

1,615

804 2,639

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

900

3,200 16,300

33,000

:

900

:

5,300

1,000 9,900

25

16

39

Tons,

Crews,

Cargoes,.

2,186 1,308 6,972 194,060 (38,662 177,730

23,600 | 7,400| 73,400; 903,800 7,400 713,900

3,343 2,997 11,312

58,327 25,487 176,790 2,471,315 80,232 1,372,626 466,713 24,906

448

17 176

32

297

96,800

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,

1,900 3,200 5,300 75,800 20,400

78,200

73,440 181,283

2,785 9,315

21,300 72,300

3,100 1,400

286

128,726 | 571,410 | 621,483 268,113

3,659 21,906 16,754 8,715!

35,800 305,700 84,700 78,000

123!

6,200 66,100 26,200 19,100

Formosa.

Great Britain.

India and

Straits

Settlements.

Japanese Ports.

Java and other

Islands in

the Indian

Archipelago.

Islands in

the Indian

Archipelago.

Kwongchau-

wan,

Ships.

Macao,

under 60 tons.

Steamships

Macao,

Junks.

Macao,

Mauritius.

North America.

Philippine

Islands.

Hainan and

Gulf of

Tonkin.

Ports in

Port Arthur.

Russia in Asia.

D 18

AT PORTS in the COLONY of HONGKONG to EACH COUNTRY, in the YEAR 1918.

IES TO WHICH DEPARTED.

Siam,

South Africa.

America.

South

9

26,291

719

460

90

1,600

100

13

50

967

34,881

9,720 | 596,490

751 2,119

36,111

2,200 | 3,000

55,000

4

18

967

8,5909,001 596,490

294 2,029

36,111

2,200 3,000 55,000

500 1,500 9,000

2

ลง

:

:

:

:

75,800 8,500

19,600

2,100 1,600 9,000

75 143

170,879 40,068 17,318

:

106

270

5,782 7,708 1,456

:

:

250

36,966

89 3,753

17,800

M

8,700 4,400

600

41

6

2

10

163

:

62,353 1,327

850

196

16,101

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:.

:

2,179

278

101

86

3,880

41

6,302

8,300

300

100

400

11,300

116 149

108

19

413

25

394

77

233,232 41,395 18,168

466

53,067

55,244 | 238,822

76,531

7.961 7,981 1,557

175

7,633

1,572 18,777

4,759

75,800 8,500 19,600

17,800

15,700 64,100

46,200

17,000 | 4,700 700

4,900 26,600

22,400

79 191 1,073 179,469 49,069 | 613,808

250

78

354

113

270

36,966

119,252 | 195,156 |

3,420 | 123,031

6,076 | 9,735 37,567

89

3,753

5,177 17,890

172

8,112

78,000 11,500 74,600

17,800

95,800 109,800

400

74,700

9,200 | 5,900

9,600

14,600 18,600

$00

35,800

51

95

1

50

68,808

75,611

3,420

63.483

3,646 5,415

80,100 45,700

:

172

4.213

400

28,500

10,100

3,300

800

17,000

:

:

:

:

:

:

1,222

20,354

3,972

3,365,554

76

331

224,744

2,000

18,100

1,250,200

800

157,500

74

7

1

153

56,313

8,313

1,055 3,634

171,654

1,106)

...

494

:

51 105

5,853

900

800

800

13,700

54

169

1

57

1

1

4,125

68,808 131,924

3,420

71,796

1,222

24,409 3,634

3,537,208

3,646 6,521

172

4,707

76

385 105

230,597

30,100 45,700

10,100

24

4,200

50,444 119,545

:

400 28,500

2,000

18,100

:

1,250,200

800

17,800

:

1,600

171,200

259

:

63

11

59.548

61,209

4,500

1,531 12,475

15,700

64,100

15,300

1

135

3,929

1,274

:

:

:

:

109

11,384

441,471

3,882,515

15,188

296,815

:

46,200

45,700

:

204,100

1,828,400

4,800 119,277,

:

:

:

:

18,800

:

1,000

11,500

177,500

14

16,983

830

3,600

2

6,224

:

:

14

:

:

:

:

666

9,503

991,187

33

78

100

1,000

94,418

*76,200

1

111

17,608

:

666 450,974

4,876,702

33

15,266

-391,233

201.100

1,828,400

100

12,500

112

:

.:

:

2

1,222 161,825

76

15,522

:

:

2,000 222,200

12,300

:

61,209

1,274

45,700

1,000

253,700

14

61,209

15,356

7,248,069

1,274

521,558

45,700

3,078,600

1,000

335,000

50

8

2

10

163

209

21

1

6,377

:

$8,614 2,046

850

196 16,101

4,800 | 175,590

25,296

666

13,558 3,634

1,165,841

2,639 368

101

$6

3,880

9,900 400

100

41 7,408

400 12,200

1,324

33

129 105

100,271

4,400

100

1,800

89,900

129 199 1,075

268,113 51,115| 614.658

8,715 10,103 37,668

78,000 11,500 74,600

9,700

19,100 | 6,300

19

£13

79

563

1

134

14

2

115

I

21,733

466 53,067

175

7,633

17,800

:

:

:

:

124,052 370,746

3,420 148,327

61,209

1,888 175,383 | 3,634

5,218

25,298

172 9,466

15,000

95,800 109,800

30,800

400 74.700

800

40,200

1,274

45,700

1,000

109 15,651

2,000 222,200

105

8,413,910

621,830

3,078,600

100 14,100

424,900

South Pacific.

Tsingtau.

of America.

United States

Wei-hai-wei.

ΤΟΤΑΙ..

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

-

D 19

Table III.-TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of VESSELS ENTERED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONGKONG in the YEAR 1918.

NAMES OF PORTS.

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,..

In Transit,

Cargoes,

Discharged,

Vessels,

:

:

Aberdeen.

Cheung Chat.

Long Ket.

:

Saikung.

Shaukiwan

Stanley.

Tai O.

Tai Po.

Yaumati.

Victoria.

Hunghom.

TOTAL.

:

:

:

:

:

:

Tons,

Crews,.

Vessels,

Tons,

:

:

:

4,064

3,456,510

4,064

3,456,510

221,401

221,401

527,600

527,600

1,578,600

1,578,600

62

:

62

78,303

:

78,303

Crews,

In Transit,

:

Cargoes,

Discharged,...

:

:

:

:

4,656

4,656

4,126

4,126

:

:

:

3,534,813

3,534,813

226,057

226,057

527,600

527,600

1,578,600

1,578,600

Vessels,

198

57

6

Co

1

78

3

11,877

12,220

Tons,

6,938 2,833

318

54

1,394

234 4,446,972

4,458,743

Crews,..

1,442 701

54

6

437

24

318,190

320,854

Cargoes,

In Transit,

Discharged,...

1,254,600

1,254,600

2,800 1,600

200

300

200 3,277,400

3,282,500

Vessels,

14 31

1

29

16

5,366

5,457

Tons.

386

797

34

712

:

1,503 546,508

549,940

Crews,..

(Vessels,

119 342

10

186

204

76,368

77,229

212 88

7

1

:

107

:

19 17,143

17,577

Tons,

Crews,.

7,324 3,630

352

54

2,106

1,737 4,993,480

5,008,683

1,561 1,043

64

CO

6

623

228

394,558

398,083

In Transit,

1,254,600

1,254,600

Cargoes,

Discharged,... 2,800 1,600

200

300

200 3,277,400

3,282,500

Vessels,

198

57

6

1

78

3

15,941

16,284

Tons,

6,938 2,833

318

54

1,394

234 7,903,482

:

7,915,253

Crews,

1,442

701

54

6

437

24

539,591

542,255

In Transit,

:

Cargoes,

Discharged,..

2,800 1,600

200

300

1,782,200

200 4,856,000

1,782,200

4,861,100

{ Vessels,

Tons,

14 31

1

386

797

34

:

÷

29

16

5,428

5,519

712

1,503 624,811

628,243

:

Crews,

Vessels,

119 342

10

186

204

:

:

81,024

81,885

212 88

7

1

107

19 21,369

21,803

Tons,

7,324 3,630

352

54

2,106

Crews,

1,561 1,043

64

CO

623

Cargoes,

In Transit,

Discharged,

:

2,800 1,600

200

300

:

:

1,737 8,528,293

228

8,543,496

620,615

624,140

1,782,200

1,782,200

200 4,856,000

4,861,100

NAMES OF PORTS.

D 20

Table IV.-TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of STEAM VESSELS CLEARED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONGKONG in the YEAR 1918.

Vessels,

Tons.

Crews,

Cargoes,

:

:

:

:

Shipped,

Bunker Coal, .

Vessels,

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST,

WITH CARGOES.

Tons,

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Victoria.

TOTAL.

3.972

3,972

3,365,551 8,365,551

224.744

224,744

1,250,200 1,250.200

157,500

157,500

153

153

171,654

171,654

5,853

5,853

13,700

13,700

4,125

4,125

3,537,208 3,537,208

230,597 230,597

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

÷

:

:

:

:

:

:

S

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

53

:

1

51

54

1,222

:

1,250,200 1,250,200

171,200 171,200

11,226 11,384

3,878,209 3,882,515

321

400

:

:

:

Co

:

:

6

299

55

:

T

:

Crews,

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

Tous,

Crews,

Cargoes,

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,.

:

:

:

Vessels,

Tons,

50

55

1,641 1,336

Crews,

344

544

Cargoes,

700

200

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,......

97

25

Tons,

2,129 1,660

Crews..

602

361

Bunker Coal,

[Vessels,

147

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

FOREIGN.

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

295,591

296,815

1,827,100 1,823,400

177.500

177,500

6,031

6,224

989,062

994,187

93,041

94,418

76,200

76,200

17,257 17,608

65

1,037

359

F:

:

7

I

352

54

64

6

:

:

:

:

:

:

116

2,259

680

:

:

:

Tons,

Crews,

Cargoes,

80

3,770 2,996

946 905

700 200

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,..

1

Vessels,

50

Tons,

55

1,641 | 1,336

Crews,

344

544

Cargoes,

700 200

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,.

Vessels,

97

115

25

Tons,

2,129 1,660

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

Crews,

Bunker Coal,

1

400

:

51

4,867,271 4,876,702

:

3333

53

5+

1,222

to

:

6

299

:

:

:

388,532 391,233

1,827,100

1,828,400

253,700

253,700

15,198

15,356

7.243.763

7,248,069

520,335

521,559

:

:

321

400

:

:

:

÷

:

55

55

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

602 361

[Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,

946

Cargoes,

700

147

80

3,770 2,996

905

200

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,.

TOTAL.

:

:

65

1,037

359

:

:

3,077,300 3,078,600

7

352

54

64

:

:

:

:

335,000

335,000

6,184

6.377

1,160,716

1,165,841

98,894

100,271

89,900

89,900

21,382

21,733

8,401,479

8,413,910

:

:

:

:

116

2,259

:..

:

:

680

400

:

619,229

621,830

3,077,300 3,078,600

424,900 424.900

D 21

Table V.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong in the Year 1918.

ENTERED.

NATIONALITY

OF

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

VESSELS.

Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels.

Tons. Crews. Vessels.

Tons. Crews.

British,

4,064 3,456,510 221,401

62

American,

87

187,014 6,859

2

78,303 1,566

4,656 48

4,126 3,534,813) 226,057 89 188,580 6,907

Austrian,

Belgian,

1

2,074

44

1

A

2,074

44

Chinese,

1,241

697,703 69,349

31

17,410 1,640

Chinese Junks,

8,431

1,126,982 131,890

3,383 419,691

51,866

1,272 715,113 70,989 11,814 1,546,673 183,756

Danish,

7

18,915 241

7 18,915

241

Dutch,

117

318,057

9,118

16

16,290

717

133

334,347

9,835

French,

153 154,474 10,096

153

154,474 10,096

German,

Italian,

Japanese,

862 1,707,648 62,194

49

37,240

1,834

911 1,744,888 64,028

Norwegian,

107

127,283) 6,148

1

874

70

108

128,157 6,218

Portuguese,

184

59,803 5,679

1

270

49

185

60,073

5,728

Russian,

12

14,963

1,386

1

281

19

13

15,244 1,405

Siamese,

Swedish,

2

1,801

122

1,801

122

3

8,304 136

8,304

136

No Flag,

Steamships

under 60

tons trading to ports

1,013

33,632 17,589 1,973

56,408

20,986

2,986 90,040 38,575

outside the Colony,

TOTAL,

16,284 7,915,163| 542,252

5,519 628,333 81,885 21,803 8,543,496 624,137

Table VI-NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong in the Year 1918.

NATIONALITY

OF

VESSELS.

CLEARED.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons.

Crews, Vessels. Tons. Crews.

British,

American,

3,972 3,865,554 224,744

61

135,917 5,174

153 171,654 5,853 25 48,452 1,732

4,125 3,537,208| 230,597 86 184,369 6,906

Austrian,

Belgian,

1

Chinese,

1,133

Chinese Junks,

Danish.

2,074 617,194 62,692

8,449 1,020,673 139,272 276

44

135

3,276

94,413 6,225 405,020 46,091

1,268

Dutch,

French,

7 18,915 93 250,514 8,351 148 153,656 9,303

.....

34

5

61,723 3,412

1,874 264

2,074 177,607 68,917 11,725 1,425,693| 185,363 18,915 276 127 212,237 10,225 153 157,068 9,567

44

German,

Italian,

Japanese,

670 1,487,215 47,462

242 269,272 9,610

912 1,756,487 57,072

Norwegian,

Portuguese,

74 99,964 5,308 172 50,198 4,885

35 29,295 1,499

109

129,259

6,807

11 9,155

677

183

59,353 5,562

Russian,

8

Siamese,

4

Swedish,

12,094 877 3,407 192 8,304 173

6 5,137

415

14

17,231 1,292

4

3,407

192

3

8,304 173

No Flag,

Steamships under 60 tons

trading to ports outside

561

22,390 12,806

2,455 68,308 26,031

3,016

90,698 38,837

the Colony,

TOTAL, 15,356 7,248,069 521,559 6,377 1,165,841 100,271

21,733 8,413,910 621,830

Table VII.

Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers, and Cargoes of Junks ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong, from Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1918.

CARGO.

BALLAST.

TOTAL,

D 22

Vessels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen. Cargo, Ves- gers. Tons. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen- Ves- gers. sels.

Passen-

Tons. Crew.

('argo,

gers. Tons.

Canton,

West River,

Macao,

East Coast,

West Coast,

2,655 447,872 47,139

3,551 536,668 61,270

258 25,683 3,571

1,795 104.819 17,743

172 11,920 2,167

12

356,326 772 | 169,645 14,887 62,405 250,388 |1,746 | 167,720 27,034 17,640 197

59 | 107,894 612 55,654

5,759 56

...

420

23,342

3,179

6,699

22

3,330

567

5

3,427 617,517 61,526 5,297 704,408 88,304 455 49,025 6,750 2,107 160,473 24,442 228 15,250 2,734

356,326

62,825 |250,388

17,640

81 107,894

17

5,759

Total, 1918,

8,431 (1,126,962| 131,890

62,176 | 738,007 |3,383 |419,691 51,866

447 11,814 1,546,673| 183,756

62,923 | 738,007

Total, 1917,

8,185

914,226 120,757

67,582

out 4,835 |701,783

79,242

616,009| 501 13,020 1,616,009| 199,999

68,083 | 410,564

TOTAL.

Table VIII.

Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers, and Cargoes of Junks CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong for Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1918.

CARGO.

BALLAST.

D 23

Vessels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen- Cargo, Ves- gers. Tons. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen-

gers.

Vessels.

Tons. Crew..

Passen-

gers.

Cargo,

Tons.

Canton,..

2,696

438,973 46,615

West River,

3,657

396,866 | 69,448

61,257

Macao,

280

East Coast,

1,695

West Coast,

151

36,966 3,753

139,176 17,642

8,692 1,814

8

192

29

365,563 829159,497 10,711 3,525 258,205 1,613 168,176 23,498 399 5,270 17,826 163 16,101 3,880 413

84,659 624 58,653 7,512 5,406 47 2,593

598,470 57,326

365,563

8

18

490

198

565,042 92,946 61,656

53,067 7,633 2,319 197,829 25,154 210 11,285 2,304

258,205

16

17,826

84,659

29

5,406

Total, 1918,...

8,479 1,020,673 | 139,272

61,486

731,659 3,276405,020 46,091

425

11,725 1,425,693 | 185,363 | 61,911 731,659

Total, 1917,

10.545

1,385,840 | 169,620 77,279 | 1,051,950 2,502 215,429

31,079

92

13,047

1,601,269 | 200,699 77,371 1,051,950

#

FOREIGN TRADE.

- D 24

Table IX.

Summary of Arrivals and Departures of all Vessels.

1917.

1918.

No. OF VESSELS.

TONS.

CREW.

No. of VESSELS.

TONS.

CREW.

British Ships entered with Cargoes,

4,647

4,344,303

253,915

Do.

do. in Ballast,

177

236,142

11,992

4,064 62

3,456,510 78,303

221,401

4,656

Total,

4,824

4,580,445

265,907

4,126

3,534,813

226,057

British Ships cleared with Cargoes,

4,626

4,294,866

236,886

3,972

3.365,554

224,744

Do.

do. in Ballast,

219

282,284

12,552

153

171,654

5,853

Total,

4,845

4,577,150

249,438

4,125

3,537,208

230,597

Foreign Ships entered with Cargoes,

2,666

3,756,026

165,731

2,776

3,298,129

171,375

Do.

do.

in Ballast,

214

230,250

9,265

101

113,841

4,377

Total,

2,880

3,986,276

174,996

2,877

3,411,970

175,752

Foreign Ships cleared with Cargoes,

2,288

3,281,596

143,622

2,374

2,839,452

144,737

Do.

do. in Ballast,

591

696,314

24,878

493

520,859

22,296

Total,

2,879

3,977,910

168,500

2,867

3,360,311

167,033

do.

Steamships under 60 tons entered with Cargoes,

Do.

959

37,677

14,591

1,013

33,632

17,589

do.

in Ballast,..

2,264

72,365

23,141

1,973

16,408

20,986

Total,

3,223

110,042

37,732

2,986

50,040

38,575

Steamships under 60 tons cleared with Cargoes, .

602

28,932

11,401

561

22,390

12.806

Do.

do.

do. in Ballast,

Total,

2,707

81,174

26,570

2,455

68,308

26,031

3,309

110,106

37,971

3,016

90,698

38,837

:

Junks entered with Cargoes,

Do. do. in Ballast,

8,185.

914,226

120,757

8,431

1,126,982

131,890

4,835

701,783

79,242

3,383

419,691

51,866

Total, .....

13,020

1,616,009

199,999 11,814

1,546,673

183,756

Junks cleared with Cargoes,

Do. do. in Ballast,

10,545

1,385,840

169,620

8,449

1,020,673

139,272

2,502

215,429

31,079

3,276

405,020

46,091

Total,

13,047

1,601,269

200,699

11,725

1,425,693

185,363

Total of all Vessels entered,

Total of all Vessels cleared,

23,947 10,292,772 24,080 10,266,435

678,634 21,803 656,608 21,733

8,543,496

624,140

8,413,910

621,830

Total of all Vessels entered and cleared, in

48,027

20,559,207

1,335,242

43,536 16,957,406

1,245,970

Foreign Trade,

LOCAL TRADE.

Total Junks entered,

Do.

cleared,

Total Local Trade entered and cleared,.

Total Foreign Trade entered and cleared, Total Local Trade entered and cleared,

12,124 12,404

430,111 426,359

108,522 12,290 114,225 13,027

561,690

116,511

627,425

122,079

24,528

856,470

222,747

25,317 1,189,115

238,623

48,027 20,559,207 24,528 856,470

1,335,242 43,536 222,747 25,317

Grand Total,

72,555 21,415,677

1,557,989

16,957,406 1,189,115

68,853 18,146,521

1,245,970

238,623

1,484,593

Outside the Waters of the Colony

Canton,......

West River,

Macao,

East Coast,

Other places,

Total,..

PLACES.

Vessels.

Table X.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Entered in the Colony of Hongkong during the year 1918.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

Tonnage.

Crew.

Passengers.

Vessels.

Within the Waters of the Colony, 1917,

176,441

3,472,100

1,450,650

97,827 2,739,788

$36,252 | 5,058,048

Do.,

1918,

162,842 3,028,897 | 1,390,026

86,709 2,888,432 689,170 | 4,179,229

2,605

4,898 274,268 6,211,868 2,286,002 | 5,058,048 249,551 5,367,329 | 2,079,1064,179,229

4,898

2,605

Tonnage.

Crew.

Passengers.

Cargo,

Tons.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crew.

1,028 25,143 10,561

251 9,844 2,960

6 146

50

44 1,220 446

:

:

433 10,5314,333

1,461 |35,674|14,894

144 7,389 5,002 2,037 3,880

9 181

84

1

15 327 134

395 17,233 7,962| 2,037| 3,880

1

289 11,882 6,745 | 5,308 | 3,215

644 20,055 6,969 6,952 138 3,649 1,425 1,677

33313,102 7,191 5,308 3,215

782 23,704 8,394 8,629

1,973 56,408 20,986 6,952 1,013 33,632 17,589 9,023 7,095 2,986 90,040 38,575 15,975 7,095

|

TOTAL.

Passengers.

Cargo,

Tons.

·D 25

PLACES.

Table XI.

Statement of Licensed Steam launches Cleared in the Colony of Hongkong during the year 1918.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

TOTAL.

Bunker

Vessels.

Ton-

nage.

Crews.

Passen-

gers.

Vessels.

Ton-

nage.

Crews.

Passen- Cargo, Vessels. Tons.

gers.

Ton-

nage.

Crews.

Passen- Cargo,

gers. Tons.

Coal,

Tons.

Within the Waters of the Colony 1917, 1918,

Do.,

176,235 3,473,621 1,448,651 162,567 | 3,021,338|1,387,964

Outside the Waters of the Colony :-

98,033 | 2,138,247 86,984 2,345,991

838,250 | 5,116,975 691,232 | 4,199,801

4,671

2,874

274,268 6,211,868 | 2,286,901 |5,116,975 249,551 | 5,367,329 2,079,196 | 4,199,801

4,671

48,022

4,874

40,509

D 26

Canton,

West River,

Macao,

1,439 35,114 14,778

261 10,205 3,084

10

196

86

41

928

406

14

40 1,480 36,042 15,184

14

40 11,719

148

7,540 5,037|| 2,124 4,136

409 17,745 8,121 2,124 4,136 4,157

:

:

9 270

89

1

19

466 175

1

63

East Coast,

113 3,050 1,123

211

9,521 5,682 5,135 3,223

324|12,571| 6,805| 5,135| 3,223|1,907

"

Other places,

632 19,743 6,960 7,935

152

4,131 1,592 2,323

4

Total,

2,455 68,308 26,031 7,935

|26,0

4 2,550 561 22,390 12,806 9,601 7,1043,016 90,698 38,837 15,213 7,404 20,396

784 23,874 8,552| 7,935

Table XII.

Number of Boat Licences, Permits, etc., issued and Fees collected during the year 1918.

(Under Table U, Section 40, of Ordinance No. 10 of 1899.)

DESCRIPTION.

Licence Book, $1.00 each,.

LICENCE.

LICENCE DUPLICATE Books. LICENCE. PAINTING. PERMITS.

RE-

SPECIAL

FEES.

2,627

:

:

:

:.

...

...

:.

:

Repainting,

.25 ""

:

Special Permits, .25

>>

...

Passenger Boats, Classes A & B,

1,074

Lighters, Cargo and Water Boats,

1,747

Other Boats,

12,538

Fish Drying Hulks,

8

Duplicate Licences,

TOTAL,

15,367

$

D

27

4,874

:

:..

:

:..

:

1,888

:

:

2,627.00

1,218.50

472.00

6,822.25

42,885.50

41,956.75

114.50

4.00

:

:.

2,627

+++

4,874

1,888 $96,100.50

.

D 28

Table XIII.

Comparative Statement of Revenue collected in the Harbour Department during the years 1917 and 1918.

Sub-head of Revenue.

Amount Amount

1917.

1918.

$

C.

C.

52,816.92

1. Light Dues, Ordinance 10 of 1899,

>>

Special Assessment,

2. Licences and Internal Revenue not other-

68,655.82

79,810.39 63,105.94

wise specified-

Boat Licences, Ordinance 10 of 1899, Chinese Passenger Ship Licences, Or-

97,998.20 95,793.25

dinance 1 of 1889,

1,575.00

1,200.00

Fines,

7,873.32

10,559.42

Fishing Stake and Station Licences,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,

152.40

65.80

Fishing Stake and Station Licences, do.,

from the New Territories,

2,401.40

2,581.70

Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899,

40,262.25

38,333.25

Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899,

from the New Territories,

10,168.75

10,498.75

170.00

95.00

8,693.50

9,702.17

Pilots Licences, Ordinance 3 of 1904, Steam-launch Licences, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

3. Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes, and Reimburse-

ments-in-Aid :-

Court Fees,

Engagement and Discharge of Seamen,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,.......

Engagement of Masters and Engineers of Steam-launches, Ord. 10 of 1899, Examination of Masters, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

Fees for use of Government Buoys,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,.

Gunpowder, Storage of, Ord. 10 of 1899, Medical Examination of Emigrants, Ord.

1 of 1889,

Official Signatures,

Printed Forms, Sale of,

2,570.00

30.00

29,007.00 21,442.00

275.50

223.50

2,080.00

61,156.00 | 59,594.00 7,219.81 11,672.96

*62,836.50 †34,901.50 8,140.00 11,044.00

164.25

168.25

6,298.00

2,568.00

5,910.00 7,425.00

31,058.67 24,507.50

133,675.00 133,800.00

100.00

$666,102.67 594,278.91

*

† See next page.

Registry Fees (Merchant Shipping Act),

Ordinance 10 of 1899,..

Steam-launches, Surveyor's Certificate,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,.....

Survey of Steamships, Ordinance 10 of

1899,.....

Sunday Cargo Working Permits, Ord.

1 of 1891,...............

4. Miscellaneous Receipts

---

Sale of two (2) condemned buoys,.............

Total,

i

Revenue collected by.

D 29

Statement of Emigration Fees, 1917 :-

Expenditure incurred by.

Harbour Department,......$62,836.50

$ 4,200.00 (Estimated.)

Office of Secretary for

Chinese Affairs,

9,137.50

1,347.62

Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health,

8,634.00

Medical Department,......

17,323.29

$ 80,608.00

$ 22,870.91

Net Revenue..

.$ 57,737.09

† Statement of Emigration Fees, 1918:-

Revenue collected by.

Harbour Department,...... $ 34,901.50

Office of Secretary for

Chinese Affairs,

Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health,

8,795.00

9,232.00

Expenditure incurred by.

$ 4,200.00 (Estimated.)

2,934.37

Medical Department,...................

18,655.49

$ 52,928.50

$ 25,789.86

Net Revenue....

$27,138.64

Table XIV.

Summary of Chinese Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, during the year 1918.

}

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

GRAND TOTAL.

PORTS.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M. F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

Australia,

549

6

19

6

580 | 1,097

5

20

as

1,105 1,646

11

22

1,685

British Borneo,

2,388

308

132

89|2,917

Calcutta,

998

26

10

15 1,019

::

2.388

308

132

89

2,917

998

26

10

15

1,049

Canada,

7,188

361

7,549| 2,230

11

55

8 2,304 9,418

11

416

8

9,853

Dutch Indies,

275

275 8,245

454

375

59 9,133 -8,520

454

375

59

9,408

Fiji,..

15

15

15

...

...

15

Honolulu,

2,368

335

198

185 3,086

2,368

335

198

135

3,086

Japan,....

818

83

15

11

927

818 83

15

11

927

Mexico,

399

1

6

406

399

1

6

:

406

Port Said

34

34

34

34

...

...

South America,......

454

24

66

545

454

24

66

545

Siam

76

19

5

101

76

19

4

104

Straits Settlements,..

3,578 | 1,507

404

110 5,629

1,807

407 125

51

2,390

5,385 | 1,914

629

191

8,019

United States of America,

United Kingdom

9

1

135

10 5,353

135

55

220

95,637 5,362 55 221

5,647

135

135

:

Total 1918,

927

Total 1917,

|15,169 | 1,847 250 18,193 22,847 | 1,394 | 1,067 |46,585 | 8,389 | 3,240| 1,07159,285|32,913 | 2,169 | 1,590 Total Passengers by Foreign Ships, Total Passengers by British Ships,

329 25,637 38,016 | 3,241| 1,994 579 43,830 341 37,013 79,498 10,558 4,830|1,412 | 96,298

Excess of Passengers by Foreign Ships, Excess of Passengers by British Ships,.

D 30 --

[22,847 | 1,394| 1,067 329 25,637

15,169

1,847

927

250

18,193

7,678

140

79

7,444

453

Table XV.

Statement of Average Number of Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1880 to 1915 inclusive.

1880. 1885. 41,720 63,138

1890.

66,706

1895. .1900. 1905. 60,360 66,961 73,103

1910. 1915. 88,452 109,110

Table XVI.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, for Ten Years, from 1909 to 1918 inclusive.

D 31

Whither bows it.

1909.

1910. 1911. 1912. 1913. 1914. 1915, 1916.

1917.

1918.

Straits Settlements, Males, Straits Settlements, Females,

Total,

40,129 65,372 83,875 7,887 11,333 17,031 48,016 76,705 | 100,906

68,809 85,099 36,764 32,440 66,965 53,250 5,914 15,215 17,254 8,210 8,838 15,832 10,042 2,105

84,024 | 102,353

44,974 41,278 82,797 63,292

8,019

Other Ports, Males,

28,965

Other Ports, Females,

449

33,692 33,935 661 724

Total,

29,414

Grand Total,

34,353 77,430 | 111,058 | 135,565 122,657 142,759

37,791

842

34,659 38,633

39,001

1,405

30,358

964

25,811

1,186

40,406

31,322

26,997 34.856

33,182 31,078 34,096 1,674 1,928 1,715

33,006 35,811

76,296

68,275 | 117,653

96,298

43,830

Table XVII.

Summary of Chinese Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, during the year 1918.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

D 32 -

GRAND TOTAL.

WHERE FROM.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

F.

M.

1.

M.

F.

AL.

F.

M.

F.

M.

B.

Australia,

752

72 156

42

1,022

1,314

69 146

33 1,562

2,066

141

302 75

2,584

British Borneo,..

652

47

84

25

808

221

17

27

10

Bangkok,

1,739

142

254

75

2,210

2,223

181

330

95

218

275

873

64

111

35

1,083

2,829

3,962

323

584

170

5,039

Canada,

3,313

146 262

84 3,895

3,313

146

262

84

3,805

Dutch. Indies,

123

9

15

151

6,606

409 672

201

7,888

6,729

418

687

205

8,039

Honolulu,

527

82

140

44

793

527

82

140

44

703

Japan,

Port Said,

South America,.

929

:

:

44

77

24

1,074

1,440

133

252

68

1,893

2,369

177

329

92

2,967

568

29

46

17

660

568

29

46

17

660

Straits Settlements...

21,963

1,030 | 1,986

8:5

647

53

81

25

806

647

53

81

25

806

571

25,550

11,482

599 | 1,231

334

13,646

33,445

1,6293,217

905

39,196

United Kingdom...

194

14

27

6

241

16

2

3

22

210

16 30

7

263

United States of America,

187

20

32

9

248

7,144

440

815 227

8,626

7,331

460

847 236

8,874

Total Passengers, 1918,.

29,852

1,524 2,893 840 35,109

32,188

2,0143,743 1,055

39,000

62,040

3,538 | 6,636 | 1,895

74,109

Do.,

1917,

45.131

3,302 4,960 | 1,635 | 55,028 35,264

2,654 4,011| 1,275

43,204

80,395

5,9568,971 2,910

98,232

Total Passengers by Foreign Vessels,

32,188

2,014 3,743 | 1,055

39,000

British

2

>>

29,852

11

1.524 2,893 840

35,109

Excess of

"

"}

Foreign

2,336

490

850 215

3,891

,

Table XVIII.

Statement of Average Number of Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1880 to 1915 inclusive.

1880. 1885. 48,114 68,830

1890.

96,068

1895.

104,118

1900.

109,534

1905. 1910. 137,814 146,585

1915.

151,728

Table XIX.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, for

Ten Years, from 1909 to 1918 inclusive.

Where from.

1909. 1910. 1911. 1912. 1913. 1914. 1915. 1916. 1917.

1918.

Straits Settlements, Males, Straits Settlements, Females,

Total,..

Other Ports, Males,............... Other Ports, Females,

112,093 | 110,439 [114,069 |123,594 |123,363 | 136,753 3,387 7,524 5,688 7,869 10,381 4,605 115,480 [117,963119,757 131,463 | 133,744 | 141,358

79,349 46,454 65,539 1,482 1,201

80,831 47,655 72,435

36,662

6,896

2,534

39,196

29,180

161

30,986 | 28,816 30,335 31,756 26,462 27,953 615 1,321 1,450 1,421 1,007 969

23,933

817

23.827 32,014

1,970

2,899

Total,

29,341 31,601 30,137 31,785 33,177 27,469 28,922

24,750

25,797 34,913

Grand Total,

144,821 149,564 149,894 163,248 [166,921 |168,827 |109,753

72,405

98,232 74,109

D 33 -

Name of Vessel.

Official

Number.

Table XX.

Return of Vessels Registered at the Port of Hongkong during the year 1918.

Registered

Tonnage.

Horse

Power.

Rig.

Build.

Where and when built.

Remarks.

1. Hock Lee,

123.898

97.75

47

2. Hermelin,

139,578 1,376,90

148

Fore and Aft Schooner

Out and In Paisley, Clencher

..1908

Hongkong,

1917

3. Prominent,

139,579 1,376,90 148

>}

";

77

4. Prinses Juliana,.

139,580 | 4,998.00 1,094

";

Amsterdam,

5. Tjibodas,

142,206 | 2,953.00

391

Schooner

Rotterdam,

1906

"

";

"}

6. Boeroe,

7. Tobolsk,

142,208 | 1,618.92

142,207 4,196.00 656 133

19

West Hartlepool,

.1914

"

""

Petrograd,

.1913

8. Van Waerwijck,

142,209 | 1,906.00

233

""

Rotterdam,

1909

Russian

Dutch

"}

9. Tjitaroem, 10. Kambangan, 11. Tsinan,..................

12. Kelston,

142,210 3,667.00 918

""

Amsterdam,

1910

""

142,211 | 4,390.00

742

Nil

Rotterdam,

1911

""

91,974 1,400.76

200

Schooner

Greenock,

1886

"}

"}

142,212 56.10

22

Nil

""

Hongkong,

1911

First Registry.

.1917

Transferred from Singapore. First Registry.

.1910 Formerly Dutch flag of Amsterdam.

Amsterdam.

Vladivostock. Batavia.

>>

Amsterdam.

"Indighirka" Russian flag

[of Vladivostock.

Batavia.

}}

""

13. Woosung,

142,213 | 2,118.59

198

1918

""

"

14. Kwong Uo,

142,214 21.88

8.4

Carvel

1909

...

"}

39

15. Dorah,

142,215 85.78

.1910

"

}}

16. Will o' the Wisp,

88,137 145.18

45

Schooner

Clencher Hull.

.1883

Transferred from Singapore.

D 34-

Table XXI.

Return of Registers of Vessels Cancelled at the Port of Hongkong during the year 1918.

Name of Vessel.

Official

Number.

Registered

Tonnage.

Date of

Registry.

Rig.

Build.

Where and when built.

Reason of Cancellation.

1. Sun Ning,

114,370

85.24

23.2.11

2. Tung Ning,.

120,136

144.60

23.2.11

Schooner

Nil

Carvel

Hongkong,

1903 Sold to foreigners.

1904

19

"}

3. Tai Ning,

120,157

4. Sui Yang,

139,576 | 1,593.68 | 15.11.17

144,60 23.2.11 Fore and Aft Schooner Schooner

1905

""

"

Clencher

.1917

་་

5. Mexico City,

105,873 | 3,178.70

21.5.13

وو

Sunderland,

.1896

6. White Cloud I,

128,708 15.11 5.9.11

Lorcha

Carvel

Hongkong,

.1911

7. Samoset,

8. Tai Shan,

9. Iphis, 10. Waneta, 11. Kelston, 12. Tjibodas, 13. Nam Hoi,

128,244 | 3,302.11

26.4.17

Fore and Aft

Clencher Old Kilpatrick,

.1908

Sunk under enemy action.

133,245

927.08

5.12.13

Nil

Carvel

Hongkong,

.1913

Sold to foreigners.

133,252 13.84

11.5.14

.1914

"

129,096 943.21

26.4.17

Schooner

Clencher Greenock,

1910

142,212 56.10

6.7.18

Nil

"2

Hongkong,

1911

142,206 2,953.00

4.4.18

Schooner

Rotterdam..

.1906

Do.

Do.

Transferred to London.

Sunk under enemy action.

Transferred to Vancouver, B.C.

Transferred to Vancouver, B.C.

Sunk under enemy action.

Transferred to Singapore,

London.

95,858 426.93

25.1.15

Nil

"

Hongkong,

1891

""

"}

Chinese flag.

14. Shun Lee,

116,038 252.92 10.5.04

$3

15. Laertes,

81,318 1,340.47

29.8.03

Schooner

Cartsdyke,

16. Boeroe,

142,207 4,196,00 |

6.4.18

11

19

17. Shui On,.

126,987 227.88

7.4.08

Carvel

Carvel

Clencher

West Hartlepool, Hongkong,

Burnt.

.1879 | Totally lost.

1914 Transferred to London.

.1908 | Totally lost.

1904

- D 35 -

L

D 36

Table XXII.

Number and Tonnage of Vessels in Foreign Trade Entered and Cleared since 1908.

YEAR.

No. of

VESSELS.

TONNAGE.

1908

45,403

22,305,131

1909

43,794

22,415,125

1910

38,727

23,067,391

1911

44,978

23,063,108

1912

46,603

24,269,270

1913

47,520

25,821,652

1914

51,214

25,279,624

1915

50,148

22,515,023

1916

48,350

22,308,311

1917

48,026

20,537,119

1918

43,436

16,955,332

Table XXIII.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department.

Year.

Total Revenue of Department.

Total Expenditure of Department.

Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

C.

c.

%

1908,.....

357,768.52

163,579.54

45.72

1909,

462,469.82

172,680.55

37.34

1910,......

494,234.84

160,035.89

32.38

1911

506,964.85

161,149.32

31.76

1912,......

549,275.40

149,043.58

27.13

1913,.....

612,672.08

168,069.06

27.42

1914,..

579,442.92

173,214.01

29.89

1915,.....

551,237.90

166,465.04

30.19

1916,......

649,732.24

165,295.31

25.44

1917,.

666,102.79

198,015.49

29.73

1918;...

594,278.91

173,527.64

29.20

1870.

1871.

1872.

1873.

1874.

1875.

1876.

1877.

1878.

1879.

1880.

1881.

1882.

1883.

1884.

1885.

1886.

1887.

1888.

1889.

1890.

1891.

1892.

1893.

1894.

1895.

1896.

1897.

1898.

Table XXIV.

DIAGRAM of Tonnage entered at Hongkong, from 1867 to 1918 inclusive.

resents British Shipping Tonnage only.

CK LINE represents German Shipping rly.

LINE represents Japanese Shipping nly.

represents Foreign Shipping Tonnage

*

GREEN LINE represents British and Foreign Ship- ping Tonnage.

YELLOW LINE represents Junk Tonnage only, ex- cluding Local Trade.

VIOLET LINE represents Steam-launch Tonnage only, excluding Local Trade.

THICK BLACK LINE represents entire Foreign Trade in British and Foreign Ships, Junks and Steam-

launches.

1899.

1900.

1901.

1902.

1903.

1904.

1905.

1906.

1907.

1908.

1909.

1910.

1911.

1912.

1913. 1914.

1915.

1916. 1917.

1918.

14,000,000

13,800,000

13,600,000

13,400,000

13,200,000

13,000,000...

12,800,000

12,600,000

12,400,000

12,200,000

I 2,000,000

11,800,000

11,600,000

11,400,000

11,200,000

11,000,000

10,800,000

TONS.

1870.

1871.

represeils

1872.

1873.

epicyn willppidy IIddage

1874.

1875.

1876.

1877.

1878.

1879.

1880.

1881.

1882.

1883.

1884.

1885.

1886.

1887.

*8381

1889.

1890.

1891.

1892.

1893.

1894.

1895.

1896.

1897.

1898.

1899.

1900.

1901.

1902.

1903.

1904.

in British anu Poreign ships, Junës dha siedm-

launches.

1905.

1906.

1907.

1908.

1909.

1910. 1911.

1912.

1913.

1914.

1915.

1916. 1917.

1918.

|14,000,000.

13,800,000.

13,600,000

13,400,000

13,200,000..

13,000,000......

12,800,000-

12,600,000

12,400,000

12,200,000

12,000,000

11,800,000

11,600,000

11,400,000

11,200,000

11,000,000

10,800,000

10,600,000

10,400,000

|10,200,000

10,000,000

9,800,000

9,600,000.

9,400,000

9,200,000

9,000,000

8,800,000

8,600,000

8,400,000

8,200,000

8,000,000

7,900,000

7,800,000

7,700,000

7,600,000

7,500,000

7,400,000.

7,300,000

7.200.000

TONS.

19 www www

7,500,000

7,400,000

7,300,000

7,200,000

7,100,000

7,000,000

6,900,000

6,800,000

6,700,000

6,600,000

6,500,000

6,400,000

6,300,000

6,200,000

6,100,000

6,000,000

5,900,000

5,800,000

5,700,000

5,600,000

5,500,000

5,400,000

5,300,000

5,200,000

5,100,000

5,000,000

4,900,000

4,800,000

4,700,000

4,600,000

4,500,000

4,400,000

4,300,000

4,200,000

4,100,000

4,000,000

3,900,000

3,800,000

3,700,000

3,600,000

3,500,000

3,400,000

3,300,000

3,200,000

3,100,000

3,000,000

2,900,000

3,100,000

3,000,000

2,900,000

2,800,000

2,700,000

2,600,000

2,500,000

2,400,000

2,300,000

2,200,000

2,100,000

2,000,000

1,900,000

1,800,000

1,700,000

1,600,000

1,500,000

1,400,000

1,300,000

1,200,000.

1,100,000

1,000,000

900,000

800,000

700,000

600,000

500,000

400,000

300,000

200,000

100,000

90,000

80,000

50,000

40,000

30,000.

20,000

Appendix E.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF IMPORTS AND. EXPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1918.

STAFF.

1. Mr. D. W. Tratman acted as Superintendent throughout the year.

Mr. W. J. Carrie was seconded for Military Service on May 17th. Mr. A. Dyer Ball was attached to the Department from May 17th to June 12th, and Mr. R. E. Lindsell from June 12th to December 3rd. The Supervisor and Accountant, Mr. S. Hamer, was on leave from May 22nd to November 10th. During that period the post was filled by Mr. C. J. Roe of the Kowloon-Canton Railway. On Mr. Hamer's return, Mr. Roe was retained in the Department to assist in the preparation of the Annual Trade Returns.

LIQUORS CONSOLIDATION ORDINANCE.

2. The net revenue collected from liquor duties and licensed warehouses for 1918 was $714,993.52 as compared with $781,214.80 for 1917. The general details are as follows:-

1918.

1917.

Duties on European Liquors, ...$198,562.36 $207,233.09

Duties on Chinese Liquors,

Licensed Warehouse Fees,

Licensed Warehouse Overtime

Fees,

Total,

510,225.33

6,145.83

568,168.71.

5,750.00

60.00

63.00

$714,993.52 $781,214.80

No increase in duty was made during the year under review. There was a slight decrease in the consumption of European Liquors and owing to the high price of rice and molasses a very marked decrease in Chinese Wine distilled locally. Owing to shipping restrictions exports of all kinds of liquor again show a decrease. Details of the liquor traffic are given in Tables I to III.

OPIUM MONOPOLY.

3. The work of the Opium Monopoly proceeded smoothly throughout the year, and the large increase in price should soon lead to a decrease in consumption, though the effect of the Macao Monopo- ly having changed hands on the 1st August was a temporary increase.

4. The price of Prepared Opium was increased to $14.50 per tael on June 29th, this being approximately the price deter- mined upon by the new Monopolist in Macao,

E 2

5. A large number of seizures were again made during the year as will be seen from Table IV. The amount of Raw Opium again shows a decrease owing to steps taken to prevent re-exportation from the United Kingdom and the shortage of shipping.

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF RAW OPIUM.

6. Tables V to VII show the details of the import and export of Raw Opium.

Thirty-seven chests of certificated Indian Opium were exported to Canton during the year and 4623 chests were exported to Shang- hai. The whole of the Persian Opium exported was forwarded to Formosa.

Uncertificated Opium was imported for the Government Mono- poly and the Macao Opium Farm.

SUGAR.

7. Tables VIII and IX show the details of the import of sugar during the year.

TOBACCO ORDINANCE.

8. The net revenue collected under the Tobacco Ordinance was $544,860.30. Details of this revenue are shown in Table X and the movements of all kinds of Tobacco are shown in Tahles XI, XII, XIII, and XIV.

There were no changes in the Tobacco Duties during the year under review.

IMPORTATION AND EXPORTATION ORDINANCE.

9. Table XV shows the number of permits and other documents dealt with under this Ordinance.

TRADE STATISTICS.

10. The Statistical Sub-department continued to expand, the staff being increased by two 3rd Grade and eight 5th Grade Clerks. A half-yearly return of total imports and exports was published in August and a similar return for the third quarter of the year in November. The fourth quarter will be included in the yearly return, which will give full details of origins and destinations as well as totals. From the 1st July importers and exporters were required to give values in every case, the currencies of other countries being converted into local currency at the demand rate of the day. The values so obtained are converted monthly by the department into Sterling at the average demand rate for the month. The whole trade of the Colony can thus be expressd in terms im- mediately intelligible in Gold-standard Countries. From the 1st July an attempt was also made to analyse transhipment cargo in the same detail as ordinary imports and exports. This was found to involve much extra labour to shipping companies with very indiffer-

E 3

www

ent results in the way of statistics and at the end of the year the attempt was abandoned. Rough records of the amount of such cargo passing through the Colony are still being kept, but anything more accurate seems impracticable. A revised and enlarged edition of the list of headings for the classification of imports and exports was com- piled for use in 1919, a Chinese translation of each item being included.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

11. The nett revenue collected by the department during the year was $9,950,429.08 as against $7,175,808.22 in 1917, showing an increase of $2,774,620.86.

The actual expenditure of the department for the year was $747,263.87 as against $716,011.28 expended in 1917, showing an increase of $31,252.59.

9th April, 1919.

D. W. TRATMAN, Superintendent of Imports and Exports.

Table I.

European Liquor.

Balance in

Exported

Bond on

ex Ship

Class of Liquor.

31st

to Ship

Arrivals.

Ship's

Stores.

Denatured.

Consumed

Locally.

December,

1917.

or ex

Bond.

Balance in Bond on 31st Dec., 1918.

In H.K. & K.

Wharf & Godown Co.'s General Bonded Warehouse.

In Holt's

Wharf

General

Bonded

In Licensed Warehouses.

Total.

Warehouse.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons,

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Ale, Beer, and Stout,...

59,377

485,032

(265,188

17,458

Bitters,

203

459

120

27

184,663

172

26,776

12

8,336

41,978

77,090

30

301

343

Brandy,

12,009

58,654

37,173

668

8,727

5,117

10,622

13,356

29,095

California Wine,..

360

28,796

28,645

511

511

Champagne,

1,222

5,565

4,526

150

1,545

Cider,

150

146

93

40

57

Claret,

2,258

315,908

294,758

4,903

(d) 798

6,057

...

24

1,044

20

542

566

106

106

::

10,601

11,645

3

23

Cocktail,

20

3

Gin,

4,295

18,105

6,001

1,163

3,514

1,834

50

9,838

11,722

Ginger Wine,

127

36

30

122

11

11

Liqueurs,...

1,703

7,908

2,742

3,690

590

425

145

2,019

2,589

Madeira,

90

58

55

16

25

52

52

169

175

Marsala,

227

34

58

58

Medicated Wine,

68

114

120

Muscatel,..

16

10

6

6

Port,

5,489

15,089

9,478

385

3,284

1,122

6,309

7,431

Prune Wine,

119

64

91

92

92

Rum,

2,588

29,726

14,948

33

13,565

221

933

2,614

3,547

(a) (b) (c)

(a)

(b) (d)

(c)

(4) Includes 7,580 gallons distilled locally.

(b)

}}

13,354

1,749

}}

:>

""

""

(d) Used in manufacture of tobacco.

E 4

Table I,-Continued.

European Liquor,—Continued.

Balance in

Bond on

Exported

ex Ship

Class of Liquor.

31st

December,

1917.

Arrivals.

to Ship

Ship's

Stores.

Denatured.

Consumed

Locally.

or ex

Bond.

1

Balance in Bond on 31st Dec., 1918.

In H.K. & K,

Wharf & Godown Co.'s General Bonded Warehouse.

In Holt's

Wharf

General

Bonded

Warehouse.

In Licensed Warehouses.

Total.

Gallens.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons. Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gall ns.

I

Sake,

416

10,687

1,345

272

8,597

889

889

Sherry,

3,573

5,706

5,230

404

1,383

148

2,114

2,262

Sparkling Wine,..........

E 5

134

843

586

10

251

80

50

130

Spirits of Wine & Arrack,

102,977

375,922

349,013

(a) 104,193

94

24,261

1,338

25,599

Still Wine, (not specially

mentioned),

6,573

30,919

33,209

197

2,180

245

1,661

1,906

Tonic Wine,

54

3

53

4

4

Vermouth,

1,404

7,478

3,112

362

2,230

1,198

673

1,307

3,178

Vibrona,

9

45

31

23

23

Whisky,

27,722

92,023

61,209

5,390

13,944

8,858

2,928

27,416

39,202

Wincarnis,

46

218

10

188

66

66

Wine and Spirits (Un-

classified),

(b)141,850 (6)181,057

:

(b) 9,271

(b) 1,522

10,793

(b)

Note:

Fractions of a gallon are not shown in this table.

(a) For burning, perfumery, etc.

() Transhipment cargo not examined.

Table II.

Chinese Liquor.

Balance in Bond

Arrivals.

on 31st Dec., 1917.]

Consumed Locally.

Exported.

Denatured and

used for

Balance in Bond on 31st Dec., 1918.

Vinegar, etc.

Imported

Liquors

Dis-

Bonded

Ware- Im- Distilled Im- Distilled houses. tilleries. ported. Locally, ported. Locally.]

Liquors. Distilled Locally.

In H.K. and

In

Im-

ex Bond or

ex Ship

ex Dis-

tilleries.

to Ship.

ex Bonded

Ware-

houses.

Liquors K. Wharf and Licensed In Dis- ported Distilled Godown Co.'s Liquors. Locally.

Total

in

Bonded

Warchonses.

Ware-

houses.

tilleries.

Bond.

35%

830

"}

}}

45%

"

""

50%

"}

126,168

3,193

32,188 783,771

374 32,553

48 250,747

3,993

19,050) 14,214

41,926 35,319

71,215

336,943| 563,216 | 645,418 |221,075

13,596 5,289

17,530

3,514

835 223,750

Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight,|| 11,791

Gallons. Gallons. |Gallons. |Gallons.

26,592

200 | 100,787

198

25,119 10,873

36,190

216

123

:

2,763.

34,704

1,516

10,533 | 107,313

323

1,962

158118,004

2,029

2,312

829

2,816

3,145

Above

50%

360

>>

360

Total,

142,282

32,610

|1,071,424

897,919 615,138 | 659,849 464,667 80,018

29,571

200 | 135,491

11,183 | 122,518

25,600 |159,301

Note :-

Fractions of a gallon are not shown in this table.

Table III.

Return of Distilleries during the year 1918.

Stock on

31st Dec.,

1917.

Output,

1918.

Consumed

locally.

(1) Total,

for consumption in Hongkong. Manufactured in New Territories Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight, 18,642|301,838| 276,310| 7,650 18,587

""

203 8,221 8,317

Sold into

Bond.

Gallons.Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons.

Hongkong and New Kowloon, . Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight, 13,546|149,225| 283,228| 18,942 52,628

Rum,

35%

45%

"

Gallons.

Gallons. Gallons. Gallons.

94,795

13,178

}

171

10,746 5,196 216

5,280

225

983

39,306

21,700

450 1,584

2,434

34,704

134

E 7

7,580

13,354

1,749

14,700 | 520,977| 288,874 20,742

67,922

13,354 34,704 91,795

15,286

35%

455%

(2) Total,

Exported.

Denatured Denatured

for making Tobacco.

for

preserving Bean-curd.

5,992

11,941

98

33

48 2,510

305

1,179 1,080

24

18,803| 312,500| 284,932

8,829

19,676

5,992

12,063

Used for

Vinegar.

Stock on

31st Dec.,

1918.

Table III,-Continued.

Return of Distilleries during the year 1918,-Continued.

Stock on 31st Dec.,

1917.

Output.

1917.

Consumed

locally.

Bond.

Fold into

Exported.

Manufactured in New Territories Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight. for consumption in

Territorics.

New

35%

45%

Gallons. Gallons. | Gallons. Gallons. Gallons, Gallons.

165,108

165,108

18

18

63

63

3333

Gallons. Gallons. Gallons.

(3) Total,....

(1) Hongkong and New Kowloon,

(2) Manufactured in New Territories for consumption in Hongkong, (3) Manufactured in New Territories for consumption in New Territories, |

165,189 165,189

Denatured

for making Tobacco.

Denatured

for

preserving Bean-curd.

14,700 520,977| 288,874 18,893 | 312,599 | 284,932

165,189 | 165,189

20,742 67,922 13,354

8,829 19,676

34,704 94,795 15,286

5,992 12,063

Grand Total,.

33,593 998,765 738,995 29,571 87,598 13,354

34,704 100,787 27,349

Used for

Vinegar.

Stock on

31st Dec.,

1918.

- E 8 -

Table IV.

Seizures of Illicit Opium.

Number

Number

Month.

of

Seizures.

of

Convictions.

Amount

of Prepared Opium and Opium Dross Confiscated during the year.

1918.

Taels.

Taels.

Raw Opium. Prepared Opium. Opium Dross. Dross Opium.

Taels.

Taels.

January,

27

13

2,695.0

2,965.5

126'0

February,

34

15

3,261.0

57.9

5,808.0

March,

31

18

1,369.0

10:0

April,

48

23

10,2510

1,530-0

3.0

May,

40

26

144-0

3,352-0

67.9

June,

42

29

668.0

3,333.0

30.5

July,

34

17

4,485.0

1,169.7

30.0

August,

40

19

14,883.0

1,870.0

24.8

September,

37

October,

November,

བོ ོ ོག

19

260.0

2.600.0

31.4

.8

30

14

1,243.0

1,783.0

13.2

24

11

252.0

3,894.I

297.7

December,

32

16

1,542.0

1,355.0

54.0

Total,

419

220

42,231.0

27,982.3

746-4

.8

Total for 1917,

326

223

17,165.0

24,258.1

342.95

7.22

- E 9 -

Table V.

Varieties of Certificated and Uncertificated Opium Imported and Exported during the year 1918.

Grand

E 10

CERTIFICATED.

UNCERTIFICATED.

Total.

chests.

Malwa.

chests.

Patna. Benares. Total. Persian. chests. chests. chests.

chests.

Patna. Benares. Total. chests. chests. chests.

Stock on 1st January, 1918,

1355

290

103

5281

5

15

251

271

799

Imported during the year 1918,

403

856

1,259

1,259

135

290

103

528

408

15

1,107

1,530

2,0581/

Exported during the year 1918,

the

Boiled by Government Monopoly during year 1918,

135

275

89

499

366

(1) 400

766

1,265

15

14

29

42

15

707

764

793

14

525

539

539

15

14

29

42

1

182

225

254

:

Spurious Opium destroyed,

Balance on the evening of the 31st De-

:

1

1

1

cember, 1918,

(1) For Macao Opium Farmer.

15

14

29

41

1

182

224

253

Table VI.

Places of Destination of Opium Exported during the year 1918.

- E 11

Malwa. Patna. Benares. Persian.

Total.

Total

in lb.

chests.

chests. chests.

chests.

chests.

lb.

By Steamers to China :-

Canton,

Shanghai,

37

37

5,920

135

238

89

462/

18,0212

135

275

89

4991/

23,9411

By Steamers to Non-Chinese Ports :-

Keelung,..

Macao,

Total for Non-Chinese Ports,

Total for Chinese Ports,

Grand Total,

366

366

50,142

400

400

64,000

400

366

766

114,142

1351⁄2

275

89

4991

23,9413

135

275

489

366

1,265

138,083

Through cargo reported but not landed,

(1)120

120

19,200

(1) 120 chests of uncertificated Benares ca S.S. "Jinsen Marn" from Calcutta to Kobe.

Table VI,- Continued,

Destination of Raw Opium other than uncertificated Opium exported during the year 1918.

Koolung (Formosa),.

Canton,

Shanghai,

Malwa. Patna.

Benares. Persian. Turkish. Chinese.

Total.

chests.

chests. chests. chests. chests. chests.

chests.

366

37

135

238

89

366

37

4621

Total,..

135/1/20

275

89

366

865/1/

E 12 -

>1

E 13

Table VII.

Imports and Exports of Raw Opium during the year 1918. Exclusive of Uncertificated Bengal Opium.

Malwa. Patna. Benares. Persian. Turkish. Chinese. Total.

chests. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests.

Imports,

Exports,

403

135 275

89

366

Imports and Exports of Uncertificated Bengal Opium

during the year 1918.

Malwa, Patna. Benares. Persian Turkish Chinese chests. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests.

Imports,

Exports,

(1) 856

400

403

865

Total. chests.

856

100

(1) 400 chests for Macao Opium Farmer.

6 chests through cargo for Kobe cousigned to Hongkong

in error.

Ports of Origin of Raw Opium (all kinds) imported during 1918.

Malwa. Patna. Benares. Persian. Turkish Chinese. Total.

chests. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests.

Calcutta,..

Bombay...

Total,......

:

:

856

103

856

403

856

403

1,259

E 14

Table VIII.

Imports and Exports of Sugar.

Return of Sugar imported into the Colony of Hongkong by vessels of different nationalities during the years 1917 and 1918:-

1917.

1918.

Tons.

Tons.

British Steamers,

92,200

102,013

Chinese

2,832

44,092

""

Dutch

107,499

135,093

22

French

98

500

"3

Japanese

98,801

122,475

>>

Norwegian

7,546

7,414

"J

Portuguese,,

3,316

7,360

American

5,352

14,150

""

Sugar arrived by junks

297

Total,

317,674

433,394

1917.

1918.

Increase.

Tons.

Tons.

Tons.

317,674

433,394

115,720

Table IX.

Return of Sugar imported into the Colony of Hongkong during the years 1917 and 1918 showing places of origin :-

1917.

1918.

Tons.

Tons.

From China

60,900

22,623

Java

175,374

323,909

19

""

Philippine Islands

81,253

85,868

Tourane

147

994

""

Total,...

317,674

433,394

1

?.

E 15

Table X.

Tobacco Ordinance, No. 10 of 1916.

The gross amount of Revenue collected on Duties on Tobacco during 1918 was as follows:-

Manufacturers' Licences.

Importers' Licences,

Retailers' Licences, .

Licensed Warehouse Licences,

Duties on Tobacco,

Total.

$ 960.00

724.00

7,516.03

1,675.00

534,276.40

$545,151.40

The Refund of Duties on Tobacco in the year 1918 amounted to $291.08. The total net Revenue collected from Tobacco Duties during the year 1918 was therefore $544,860.32 as against $499,871.71 during the previous year.

Table XI.

Return of Duty Paid Tobacco Manufactured Locally for the year 1918.

CIGARS.

CIGARETTES.

MONTH.

$1.50

per lb.

70 c.

30 e.

20 c.

10 c.

70 c.

30 e.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

20 c.

per lb.

10 c.

per lb.

Chinese

Tobacco

10 c.

per lb.

Amount

of

Duty

Collected.

1918.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

C.

January.

195

100

1,050

2,389

2.345

7,291

February,

38,206

27.853

283

246

7,903

69,849

1,113

2,081

2,734

31,300.60

5,262

March,

46,282

22,502

6,605

105

146

1.416

52,006

1,165

29,549.70

2,774

April,

2,725

33,277

23.025

5.735

104

70

1,143

56,909

2,085

24,014.66

3,358

4,438

May,

40,688

25.387

102

6,925

52

1,062

66,858

1,446

29,068.64

2,382

5,175

June,

38,267

23,994

109

41

,383

61,617

1,036

1,382

27,736.70

1,968

4.213

July,

29,868

18,964

60

104

5,310

718

56,289

22.888.30

1,932

3,033

August,

6,238

31,900

26,135

7,220

97

121

962

67,827

29.895.85

1,264

3,911

6,075

September,..

35,759

25,359

7,958

51

52

1,157

67,385

28,748 98

1,505

3,081

6,463

October,

39,000

25,693

192

7,905

65.556

139

1.143

29.777.06

1,867

2,808

6,313

November,

36,625

26.424

8,118

63

118

66,055

1,087

1,642

29,489.91

3,305

5.774

38,725

December.

23,188

8,300

292

272

1,372

2,741

61,876

28.476.43

2,769

5,357

48,313

25,908

9,523

65,886

32,831.88

Total,.

1,653

1,461

13,259

21,799 34,468

65,324

456,910

294,432

87,915

758,093

343,728.71

Note.-Fractions of a pound are not shown in this table.

E 16

:

*

Table XII.

Return of Duty Paid Imported Tobacco for the year 1918.

CIGARETTES.

TOBACCO.

MONTH.

Chinese

Tobacco

$1.50

70 c.

30 c.

20 c.

Tobacco

10 c.

per lb.

70 c.

Leaf.

Snuff

per lb.

30 c.

per lb.

per lb.

20 c.

per lb.

10 0.

70 c.

per lb.

per lb.

30 c.

20 c.

per lb.

10 c.

10 c.

10 c.

Per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

$1.50

per lb.

Amount

of

Duty

Collected.

CIGARS.

1918.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

111

Ib.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

Ib.

lb.

lb.

Ib.

lb.

lb.

lb.

January,.

996

51 1,435

121

75

February,

...

926

150 1,161

15

55

March,

668

226

1,038

224

49

191995

4,586

5,670

6,953

8,670

484

40

323

802

21,608

4,173

5,462

6,551

28,487

3,991

578

14

86

3,791

16,400

2,571

12

12,236.58

16,549,98

3,613

4,888

43,831

10,219

925

159

25

3,268

17,454

8,486

1

18,927.93

April,

1,287

333

1,920

21

4,351

7,209 39,096

6,109

541

135

338

20,617

5,647

19,462,46

May,

1,497

187

1,204

68

3,628

11,572 43,834

5,278

482

42

36

1,510

18.845

989

2

20,550.52

June,

982

271

788

3,734

5,960 28,428

5,083

1,074

50

192

3,223

18,174

6.148

...

16,056.05

July,

1,105

354

1,604

393

4

5,228

2,312

24,883

4,987

779

233

94

2,498

23,008

3,118

15,790.06

August,

1,147

187

974

78

5,319

2,777

25,258

5,546

465

66

48

20,852

3,911

2

15,157.08

September,...

1,186

337

1,135

94

2,302

3.072

20,387

13,509

477

46

30

320

22,019

5,511

13,476.77

October,

986

309 1,652

165

4,161

4,623 11,835

12,096

597

117

228

3,132

21,714

8,074

13.891.14

November,

1,213

271

1,473

274

3,330

10,004 16,568

3,586

488

90

166

18,831

6,812

14,459.95

December, 2,425

...

866 2,257

40

4,593

1,473

12,134

9,449

469

75

117

162

19,509

1,312

14,079.17

Total,. 14,418 3,042 16,641

1,493

183

50,307

66,111 301,694 88,523

7,359

1,067

1,179

19,213

239,031 (1)56,782

18

190,547.69

(1) Used in manufacture of Chinese Pipe Tobacco consumed in the New Territories. Note.-Fractions of a pound are not shown in this table.

- E 17 -

:

106

160

112

156

1,105

1,444

1,564

410

5,820

1,972

Table XIII.

Tobacco Local Factories for the

year

1918.

Removed

Balance in Bond on 31st Dec.,

1917.

Issued

for

Produced.

Balance in Bond

Exported.

Ship's Stores

to other Consumed locally. Factories.

on 31st Dec.,

1918.

manu-

Class of Tobacco.

facture.

Mille.

lbs.

lbs.

Mille.

lbs.

Mille.

lbs.

Mille. Ibs.

Ibs.

Mille. lbs.

Mille.

lbs.

:

1,859

1,651

1,937

1,953

10,310

8,929

2,477

1,300

10,854

5,310

...

:

H

E 18-

27,487

19,143

22

8,707

:

4,142

700,789

668,356

2

26,008

16,992

640,534

441,780

184,982

17,570

650,538

531,804

136,158

39,674

52,526

8,518

43,533

2,483

Total,..

75,081

2,044,387

1,650,458

390,681

76,719

Note.-Fractions of a pound or mille are not shown in this table.

Cigars 1. Valued at not less than $2.20 per lb.

8

2.

"}

}}

$1.60

47

"

3.

י

$1.10

"

ད*

1,460

་་

4.

}

$ .60

860

55

5. Valued at less than

$.60

,,

2,437

Total,.

4,812

Cigarettes 1. Valued at not less than $1.60 per lb...

11,026

2.

17

$1.10

3,904

3.

$ .60

57,770

4. Valued at less than

$.60

2,381

:

Table XIII,-Continued.

Tobacco Local Factories for the year 1918.

66

66

:

Balance in Bond on 31st Dec.,

1917.

Class of Tobacco.

Issued

for

manu-

facture.

Produced.

Exported.

Ship's Stores.

Removed to other Consumed locally, Factories.

Balance in Bond

on 31st Dec.,

1918.

Mille.

lbs.

Ibs.

Mille.

lbs.

Mille.

lbs.

Mille. lbs.

lbs.

Mille.

lbs.

Mille. lbs.

:

:

E 19 -

60c. per lb...

Total,.

18,898

1,298,056

147,900

4,000

(u) (b)

$14,807

. 31,349

18,898

1,298,056

417,900

4,000

814,807

31,349

American and Manila Tobacco Leaf,

578,296 | 6,889,887

69,075

51,279

Clean

"

Total,..

101,166

6,022,425

3,521

2,847

679,462 6,889,887

6,022,425

72,596

:

:

(a) (b)

Asiatic Tobacco Leaf,

...

286,760

2,031,247

7,460

Clean

"

...

10,382

1,118,496

::

Total,.

...

207,142 2,031,247

1,118,496

7,160

54,126

3,209

3,209

:

:

:

::

:

353,655.

101,442

455,097

(c)

· 251,771

9,981

261,752

Pipe Tobacco (non-Chinese) valued at less than

60c. per lb.

Total,.

Pipe Tobacco (Chinese) valued at less than

33

}}

Note.-Fractions of a pound or mille are not shown in this table.

(a) Includes 56,782 lbs. consumed in the New Territories.

(b)

>>

(c)

140

23,161

"

grown

}}

:

¡

CLASS OF TOBACCO.

Cigars 1. Valued at not less than $2.20 per lb.

BALANCE IN BOND ON 31ST DECEMBER, 1918.

TC

ARRIVALS.

Cases. Pkges. Bales. Hhds. Mille.

lbs.

Cases. Pkges. Bales. Hhds. Mille.

193

17

56

1,297

243

1.504

347

32

2.

""

$1.60 $110

**

.

4.

less than

$ .60 $.60

(Unclassified)..

Total,..

50

2.181

41

50

53

266

2,181 41

3,423

21,583

176,750

53,702

100,322

52,928

879,906

20,851

27,905

35

18,874 742

:

35

149,064

18,874

742

1,184,883

Cigarettes 1. Valued at not less than $1.60 per 1b.!

2.

多多

11

3.

21

"

$1.10 $.60

19

12

4.

""

less than $.60

(Unclassified),

29

400

Total....

400

(Non Chinese)

Pipe Tobacco 1. Valued at not less than $1.60 per lb.

11

""

"

2.

19

19

"

less than

$1.10 $ .60 $.60

59

(Unclassified),

Total,.....

::

8,682

419

468

1,272

10

5

818

50

231

64

50

11,841

234

64

(Unclassified),

Total..........

(Chinese)

Pipe Tobacco, Valued at less than $.60 per lb....

...

Snuff,

"

(Unclassified),

Total,.

21

75

...

215

75 215

(Unclassified),

Total,.

American and Manila Leaf,......................

"

Asiatic Leaf,

11

7

(Unclassified),

Total,.

:

:

:

:

:

:

::

58,088

87,273 23,467

58,038 87,273 23,467

3,105

9

3,105

9

:

:

::

804 874

804

874

:

:

:

:

I m

::

:

21.283

516 2,031 1,058

21,283

516 2,031 1,058

::

16

229,675

229,675

38 21,109

38 21,109

4,852 2,009

4,852 2,009

Not

lb.

BALANCE IN BOND ON 31st

DECEMBER, 1918.

Cases. Pkges. Bales. Hhds. Mille.

50

53

50

53

per lb.!

400

400

per lb.

*

""

:

:..

Ib.

1),

E 20

Table XIV.

TOBACCO RETURN FOR THE YEAR 1918.

General Table.

MANUFACTURED TOBACCO.

ISSUED FOR

ARRIVALS.

MANU-

FACTURE.

EXPORTED EX SHIP TO SHIP OR EX BOND.

:

651

lbs.

Cases. Pkges. Bales. Hhds. Mille.

lbs.

lbs.

Cases. Pkges. Bales. Hhds. Mille.

lbs.

1.297

243

1,504

347

32

220

11

203

211

6

193

17

56

2,181

41

266

2,181

41

21,583

53,702

52,928

20,851

33333

35

35

149,064

:

:

18,874 742

18,874

742

:

3,423

176,750

:

100,322

879,906

27,905

:

1,184,883

:

2.196

37

2,196

37

19,251 703

19,251

703

:.

8,682

13,048

1419

1,267

468

2,412

...

1,272

24,851

234

64

229

64

11,841

234

64

41,578

229

64

50

:

50

39

10

5

20

::

75

215

75

215

::

:

:

:

::

:

::

:

58,088

87,273 23,467

58,088 87,273 23,467

3,105

...

3,105

9

9

:

804 874

804 874

:

::

:

142,910

115,553

797,331

12,047

1,067,841

.5,142

1.411

1.218

:..

3,532

11,303

:

::

:

::

::

:

3,515,632

87,335 23,565

3,515,632

[87,335 |23,565

15,151

15,151

(2,887,637

2,887,637

6,409

6,409

RAW TOBACCO.

21,283

...

7,416,708 6,889,887

489,093

516 2,031 1,058

516 2,754

101

21,283

516 2,031; 1,058

7,416,708

6,889,887

516 2,754 101

:

489,093

229,675

38 21,109 4,862 2,009 ||

229,675

38 21,109 4,852 2,009

::

:

(1,899,749) 2,031,247

37,428

38 21,109

1,899,749

2,031,247

38 21,109

:

:

37,428

Note.-Fractions of a pound or mille are not shown in this table.

}

"

Appendix F.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE ROYAL OBSERVATORY, HONGKONG, FOR THE YEAR 1918.

I. GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS.

The grounds were kept in order by the Botanical and Forestry Department with the assistance of the Observatory coolies.

The Battery room was enlarged in the month of April, and now serves also as a workshop.

Improvements were made to the front verandah of the Director's Quarters in May.

A new magnetic hut was completed in December. The north pillar of the new hut bears N 31° 40′ E from the north pillar of the old hut and N 85° 29′ W from the nearest corner of the main building. It is distant 133 feet from the former and 292 feet from the latter.

The old hut was in a bad state of repair and required renewal. The new site is farther from the Church, the Church Hall, and the site of contemplated quarters in the Observatory grounds.

A portion of the path to the north and east of the main building was reconstructed, with concrete, in December.

A concrete path, running southward from the new magnetic hut to the path leading to the old magnetic hut, was constructed in December.

II.

Barometers.

La

METEOROLOGICAL INSTRUMENTS.

The receipt of two barometers from London, in April, a small standard Casella No 2451, and a station barometer M. O. 1409, afforded an opportunity of checking the index error of the Observatory Standard, N. & Z. 1368.

The results of the comparisons are given in the following table, together with the results obtained in former years:-

Index correction of the Standard barometer of the Royal Observatory Hongkong, 1883 to 1918.

Year. Index Correction.

From Comparisons with

in.

1883

*007

The Kew Standard.

1893

*004

1898

*007

1909

'004

1911

*005

1918

*004

1918

*005

Dolland Standard No. 5642.

Casella Station No. 1323.

Hicks Standard No. 32.

Casella Standard No. 2451.

Do. (after repair by makers).

M. O. Station No. 1409.

F 2

The results are very satisfactory, particularly as the Observa- tory Standard is not very massive and the diameter of the tube is only 05 inch. It would appear that the published values of baro- metric pressure have always been within 003 inch of the Kew Standard.

Kew Barograph.-There is considerable difficulty in obtaining good definition of the registers with this instrument. It is expensive to maintain, on account of the photographic paper and the electric light, the bulb for which seldom lasts for more than two weeks. It is proposed to substitute a Marvin compensated barograph.

Beckley Anemograph.-This instrument was oiled once a month. and the orientation of the head checked.

Dines Anemograph.-The head was oiled once a month, and the spindle of the float cleaned and oiled once a week. The orientation of the head was checked monthly.

The monthly results of comparisons with the records of the Beckley Anemograph since the installation of the Dines instru- ment, in April 1910, are given below:--

Month.

Factor (Dines Beckley).

1910. 1911. 1912. 1913. 1914. 1915. 1916. 1917. 1918.

2733 2.30 2*12 2.542.03 2*08 2'04 1.69 234 232 230 240 2:06 2.23 2.04 1.89 2.25 233 2'04 2.26 2'02 1.98 2:26 225 2:05 2°33 2005 191 2 22 2.13 2:23 236 197 213

230 235 2°27 2733

2.23 2.25 2.34

209 2.13 2.22 2.26

'93 2'57 2.80 2'02 2'52

January,

February,

March,

April,

May,

June,

2.23

2.10

2'44

July,

2'14

2'2 1

August,

2'07

2.57 2.28 225 2.65 2:39

2:26

205

2.18

2'07

2.88 1'93

2'43

September,

2.18

31 2*49

2.81

2.22

!

2'19

2.2 I

2'07

2*21

October,

2.30 2.27 251

2.69

2·08

2°23 2*10

2'00

1-85

November, ...

2′28 2.27 2:47

December,. 2.23

2.31 2 24

2.71 2:08 2 54 2.07

2:08

2'04 167| 175

2'07 2'10 1.68

175

Year,.

2.21 2.27 242 239 2°22

2'I I 2.30 195 206

The Scale value of the instrument was determined in the month of May by means of a gauge constructed at the Observatory. It appeared to be correct within the probable error of observation, which was about 1 mile at a velocity of 80 m.p.h., increasing to 3 miles at 10 m.p.h.

Thermometers.—All thermometers in use were compared with the Kew Standard in winter and summer.

Thermograph.-The Richard dry and wet bulb thermograph, ordered to replace the old Kew photographic thermograph, was received on 1917 March 20, and set up in the thatched shelter the following day. After a few months use the aluminium levers commenced to crumble, and were replaced by thin brass levers on 1917 December 22. The recording cylinder is 5 înches in diameter,

F 3

and turns once in 24 hours. The electrical time-break apparatus was completed on 1917 April 22. The pens are lifted from the paper, for the first three minutes of each hour, by a make-contact on one of the electric dials. The thermometers are aspirated from the 59th to the 60th minute of each hour by an electric fan, operated by a similar contact on another dial, air being drawn into the shelter through a 14-inch zinc pipe. Comparison between the eye obser- vations of thermometers rotated in the open air and the records of the Richard thermograph indicate that the relation between the temperature in the shelter and in the open air is not constant.

The effect of the electric fan on the wet bulb thermometer under varying conditions of temperature, humidity, and wind has been discussed. Further particulars are given under the heading Miscellaneous.

Peak Anemograph.-An electric time scaling apparatus was fitted to the Beckley Auemograph at Victoria Peak in the month of May. The spiral pencils are lifted from the paper by an electro- magnet, operated by an hourly signal from the Observatory, and held by a trigger which is released 10 minutes after the hour by mecha- nism fitted to the driving clock.

III.--METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS AT THE OBSERVATORY.

Continuous photographic records showing the variations of barometric pressure and temperature of the air and of evaporation were obtained with the Kew barograph and the Richard dry and wet bulb thermograph, also automatic records of the direction and velocity of the wind with a Beckley and a Dines-Baxendell anemo- graph, modified as described in the Report for 1912. The amount of rain is recorded automatically by a Nakamura pluviograph, the amount of sunshine by a Campbell-Stokes universal sunshine re- corder, and the relative humidity of the air by a small Richard hair hygrograph.

Eye observations of barometric pressure, temperature of the air and of evaporation, and the amount of cloud were made at each hour of Hongkong Standard time. The character and direction of motion of the clouds were observed every three hours. Daily readings were taken of self-registering maximum and minimum thermometers. ·

Principal Features of the Weather.--The principal features of the weather in 1918 were:-

(a) The continuance until the end of February of the fine

dry weather which commenced at the beginning of November 1917.

(6). The heavy rains of June (24-795) August (29.230ins)

and September (18·450ins. ).

(e) A typhoon which passed about 40 miles to the south- west of Hongkong, on the morning of August 15.

January was a record month as regards most elements. Baro- metric pressure and sunshine were the greatest on record, and

F 4

the temperature, humidity and cloudiness the least on record. The wind direction, NE by E, was with 1890, 1898 and 1899 the most northerly on record, and the wind velocity was only 0.2 m.p.h. greater than the least on record (1916).

Barometric pressure was considerably above normal in January and considerably below in July. Departures from normal in other months were small. The mean pressure for the year at station level was 29ins. 847 as against 29ins-845 in 1917, and 29ins 844 for the past 35 years. The highest pressure was 30391 on January 8 as against 30ins494 in 1917 and 30.509 for the past 35 years. The lowest pressure was 29ins 108 on August 15 as against 29ins. .078 in 1917 and 28ius 735 for the past 35 years.

The monthly departures of temperature from normal were small, except in January when the meau temperature was no less than 58 below normal. The mean temperature for the year was 71°2 as against 710 in 1917 and 718 for the past 35 years. The highest temperature was 91°2 on July 14 as against 90°-8 in 1917 and 9700 for the past 35 years. The lowest tem- perature was 42°1 on January 9 as against 38°8 in 1917 and 32°0 for the past 35 years.

The rainfall was considerably below the average from January to May and considerably above the average in June, August, and September. The total for the year was 101605, the greatest on record since 1894 when it was 104.25 inches. The greatest fall in one civil day was 7395 inches on August 3, and the greatest in one hour was 2-420ins. between 1 a.m and 2 a.m on September 21.

Rainfall at Four Stations.—In the following table the monthly rainfall at the Observatory is compared with the fall at the Police Station, Taipo, the Botanical Gardens, and the Matilda Hospital, Mount Kellet :-

Months.

Observatory Police Station (Kowloon). (Taipo).

Botanical Gardens

Matilda Hospital

(Hongkong). (Hongkong).

inches.

inches.

inches.

inches.

January, February,

Ο ΟΙΟ

Ο ΟΙ

...

0'015

0°22

0.06

0.02

March,

1*105

1.29

135

136

April,

4'440

4.65

4'13

444

May,

6.655

7.66

8.79

5.60

June,

24-795

23.64

26.24

2466

July,

11'640

*30.87

12'50

8.32

August,

29'230

40*48

30°23

26.35

September,..

18.450

13'17

19.87

17733

October,

0°050

0*85

0'04

Ο ΟΙ

November,...

5'075

5774

5.83

6-17

December, ....

0.140

0.58

0'70

0.60

Year,...

101.605

129'15

109'75

94-86

* Heavy local thunderstorms on 23rd and 29th.

F 5

Floods. The heaviest rainfall occurred at the Observatory as follows:-

Period.

Amount. Duration.

inches

hours

June ga 5h to June 20 0h

20.265

96

July 29 16

August 5 20

22.490

85

Sept. 16 '6

Sept. 22 14

15.735

71

Typhoons. The tracks of 18 typhoons and 9 of the principal depressions which occurred in the Far East in 1918 are given in two plates in the Monthly Meteorological Bulletin for December 1918. The centre of a typhoon passed about 40 miles to the south west of the Observatory on the morning of August 15. The maxi- mum hourly wind velocity recorded at the Observatory by the Beckley Anemograph was 63 miles at 6h., and the greatest squall velocity (Dines-Baxendell Anemograph) was at the rate of 94 m.p.h. at 6h. 10m. At Victoria Peak the Beckley Anemograph recorded 75 miles between 10h. and 11h. Very little damage occurred in Hongkong.

IV.-PUBLICATIONS.

――

Daily Weather Report and Map. A weather map of the Far East for 6 a.m. of the 120th meridian, and the Daily Weather Report (containing meteorological observations, usually at 6h. and 14h., from about 40 stations in China, Indo-China, Japan, the Phil- ippines, and Borneo), and daily weather forecasts for Hongkong to Gap Rock, the Formosa Channel, the south coast of China between Hongkong and Lammocks, and between Hongkong and Hainan, were issued as in former years. Copies of the map were exhibited on notice boards at the Hongkong Ferry Pier, the Blake Pier, and the Harbour Office. One copy was sent daily to the Director of the Meteorological Observatory, Macao. Forty copies of the Daily Weather Report were distributed to various offices, etc., in the Colony, and a copy was sent daily to the Director of the Meteorological Observatory, Macao. Copies were sent every week to Lieutenant Commander Pradiyat, Royal Siamese Navy.

A charge of $10 a year is made for supplying private firms and individuals with the Daily Weather Report, and $36 for the Weather Map. No map was published on February 3, 21, and 24, March 4, 8, and 17, April 2 and 7, May 5, 12, and 26, June 20, July 2, 3, 5, and 7, and December 25, owing to the late arrival of the weather telegrams. On many other occasions the map, though published, contained but meagre information.

The weather forecast is telegraphed daily to the Cape d'Aguilar Wireless Station in time for distribution at 1 p.m.

F 6

From April 10 to 25 special forecasts of the weather between Hongkong and Shanghai were telephoned to the naval authorities twice daily, in connection with the despatch of two monitors to Shanghai.

Monthly Meteorological Bulletin.—The Monthly Meteorological Bulletin, which includes the Daily Weather Report, was published as usual, but distribution to the United Kingdom, Europe, and India was postponed owing to the war.

Miscellaneous Returns.-A monthly abstract of observations made at the Observatory is published in the Government Gazette, and daily, monthly, and yearly results are published in the Blue Book in the form suggested by the London Meteorological Office for the British Colonies.

The monthly departures from normal of the barometric pressure at four China Coast Ports were communicated to the Commonwealth Meteorologist, Melbourne, in connection with long range weather forecasts. Monthly meteorological returns are forwarded to Sy- mons's Meteorological Magazine, and annual returns to the Stock Exchange Official Intelligence and the Colonial Office List.

V.- WEATHER TELEGRAMS, FORECASTS, AND STORM WARNINGS.

Daily Weather Telegrams.-Owing to the war, and the dis- turbed state of China, the service of daily weather telegrains from the various reporting stations was erratic, particularly in the case of Central and Southern China, Indo-China, Japan, and Vladi- vostock.

Representations. to the Eastern Extension Cable Company at Shanghai and Hongkong have improved the service from Shang- hai and Manila.

Extra Weather Telegrams.-The following stations send extra weather telegrams at half-rates during typhoons, on receipt of certain code words from Hongkong :-Amoy, Canton, Macao, Phulien, Sharp Peak, and Taihoku. The Director of the Philippines Weather Bureau also sends extra telegrams, at his discretion, from Aparri or some other station nearer the typhoon centre.

The extra 9 p.m. telegram usually received from Swatow during the typhoon season, was frequently lacking, owing probably to the disturbed condition of the country,

Wireless Weather Telegrams.-The development of this service has been impeded by the war. Wireless weather telegrams have been received from Japanese and Dutch ships, however, as follows:

January,

February,

March,

April,

May,

June,

July,

August,

September,

Month.

F 7

Dutch. Japanese.

6

7

2

2

3

2

4

4

4

3

IN CON - MON -

2

I

I

2

October,..

November,..

December,

2

Totals 1918,

+1

14

Totals 1917,

Totals 1916,

212

93

37

95.

60

It is hoped that it may be possible to organise a satisfactory service of wireless weather telegrams in the near future.

Results of Weather Forecasts.-The results of the comparison of the daily weather forecasts with the weather subsequently experienced are given below, with the results of the previous five

years:

Year.

Complete Partial Partial Total

Success. Success. Failure. Failure.

%

চल

1913

66

28

1914

62

32

1915

54

1916

67

1917

67

1918

Do www xc alo

%

/%

37

29

3

29

26

w+w XVI w

3

I

I

The forecast comprises wind direction, wind force, and weather.

Complete success means correct in three elements. Partial success means correct in only two elements. Partial failure means correct in only one element.

Total failure means correct in no element,

- F 8

" and

Commencing with 1918, January 1, a new method of analysis has been adopted in the case of the elements "wind force "weather".

The old and new methods are compared below:

Old method.

1896-1917

(1) Wind Direction :—

The forecast wind direction is considered successful if the wind at Gap Rock blows the greater part of the 24 hours from a direction that does not differ more than 45° from the forecast. Thus, if the forecast wind direction is NE, and 4 out of the 6 reports from Gap Rock give wind direction between N and E the forecast is correct in this element.

(2) Wind Force:-

The wind force forecast "Light" is successful if the mean force registered at Gap Rock is a light breeze, or if the wind force does not reach the force of a moderate breeze.

<<

Moderate" if the mean is a moderate breeze, or if the wind force exceeds a light breeze and falls short of a strong breeze. "Fresh" if the mean is a fresh breeze, or if the wind force exceeds a gentle breeze and falls short of a moderate gale. "Strong" if the mean is a strong breeze,

or if the wind force exceeds a moderate breeze and falls short of a fresh gale. "Gale" if it blows more than 40 miles per hour at Gap Rock.

(3) Weather:-

The weather forecast "Fine" is successful when the mean amount of cloud is below 7 (10=an overcast sky), if sunshine or starlight

New method. 1918

(1) Wind Direction

The same as in old method.

(2) Wind Force :-

The wind force forecast is successful if in of the obser- vations at Gap. Rock, Waglan, or Hongkong the force is within the ranges given in the following table:-

Forecast.

Light. Moderate

Fresh

Strong

Range. (Beaufort Scale)

.0-3

2-5

4-6

.5-7

"Gale" is correct if the wind

Waglan, or Hongkong. attains force 8 at Gap Rock,

(3) Weather.

The weather forecast is successful if the amount of cloud and rainfall is in accordance with the following table:-

2

prevails, and when it does not rain for more than one hour out of the twenty-four.

66

Fair," "Cloudy," if the amount of clouds exceeds 3 and it does not rain for more than one hour. "Showery if it rains at intervals and is fair at intervals. "Wet, rainy" if it rains for more than 4 hours.

F 9

Forecast. Mean Amount Rainfall. of Cloud.

"Fine"

less than 7

less than 1 hour

"Fair"

greater than

do.

3 and less

than 10

44

Cloudy

"Overcast

";

7 or more

do.

99

10 for 18 hours or more

do.

"Rainy or Rain"

4 hours or

more

Weather forecasts involving other terms, or any combination of the above, are judged upon the general character of the cloud and weather notes in the Royal Obser- vatory journal, and the reports. from stations in the district.

Storm Warnings.- Storm warnings according to the Hong- kong Local and Non-Local Codes are displayed at the Signal Hill, Kowloon. The following ports are warned by the non-local code:-Sharp Peak, Swatow, Amoy, Santuao, Macao, Canton, Wuchow, Pakhoi, Hoihow, Phulien, Taihoku, Manila, Labuan, and Singapore.

The local day signals are repeated at the Harbour Office, H.M.S. Tamar, Green Island, the Godown Company Kowloon, Lyemun, and Lai-chi-kok.

The local night signals are exhibited on the tower of the Kowloon Railway Station and repeated on H.M.S. Tamar and over the Harbour Office.

For the benefit of native craft and passing ocean vessels, a cone is exhibited at several outlying stations during the time that any of the local signals are displayed in the Harbour, to indicate that there is a depression somewhere in the China Sea, and that a typhoon warning is displayed in the Harbour.

F 10

In the following table are given the number of hours the local signals were hoisted in each of the

years

1912-1918-

Red Signals.

Black Signals.

Bombs.*

Year

Number of hours hoisted.

Number of times fired.

1912

151

164

1913

146

189

I

1914

146

1915

64

1.916

70

1917

1918

102

33

178

I 20

201

36

102

I

The figures in the above table include the number of hours that night signals, corresponding to the day signals, were hoisted.

Prior to July, 1917, the red signals indicated that the centre of the typhoon was believed to be more than 300 miles distant, and the black less than 300 miles, the returns for 1912-1916 are there- fore not strictly comparable with those for 1917 and 1918. The latter suggest however that the use of the new local storm warning code has already saved the Colony a considerable amount of money. The loss incurred by the disorganisation of the work in the harbour, consequent upon the display of typhoon signals, is not easy to estimate. It probably amounts to many thousands of dollars a day,

however.

VI.-METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS FROM SHIPS, TREATY PORTS, &c.

Logs received.—In addition to meteorological registers kept at about 40 stations in China, meteorological logs were received from 34 ships operating in the Far East. These logs, representing 2,223 days' observations, have been utilised for verifying typhoon tracks. The corresponding figures for the year 1917 were 85 and 3,767.

Pilot Charts.--No progress has been made with the construc- tion of Pilot Charts owing to the absence of the First Assistant on military service.

* Three bombs fired at intervals of 10 seconds indicate that wind of typhoon force is anticipated.

F 11

Comparison of Barometers.-During the year about 350 comparisons of ships' barometer have been made by means of observations taken when in harbour, and several direct comparisons of barometers for shipmasters and various persons in the Colony have been made at the Observatory.

VII. MAGNETIC OBSERVATIONS.

Absolate determinations of magnetic horizontal force and declination were made in the old magnetic hut, near the middle of each month, with a Kew pattern magnetometer, Elliott No. 55, and of dip with a Kew pattern dip circle, Dover No. 71; four dip needles being used in rotation. A complete determination of hori- zontal force consists of one set of vibrations taken between two sets of deflections.

The mean values of the Magnetic elements for the years 1917 and 1918 were as follows :

Declination (west).

>

1917

1918

7

"

O

}

0 16 16

0 17 57

Dip (north)....

30 50 22

30 48 19

Horizontal Force (C. G. S. unit)

0.37163

0-37164

Vertical Force (C. G. S. unit)

0.22188

0·22159

Total Force (C. G. S. unit)

0-43282

0.43269

VIII-TIME SERVICE.

Time Ball.-The Time Ball on the Signal Hill, Kowloon, is dropped daily at 13h., Hongkong Standard Time (5 a.m of Green- wich Time). The ball in also dropped at any other hour in case of necessity. No applications for a supplementary signal were made in 1918.

The ball was dropped successfully 353 times. There were 11 failures:- On January 14th it failed from no ascertainable cause, on March 19th, July 3rd and 4th owing to electrical defects, and on October 6 and 7 owing to trouble with the lock. On October 8 the lock was removed for repair and the spare lock substituted. This lock is known to be unsatisfactory, and it failed to drop the ball on December 4, 12, 16, 23 and 24. On December 25 the normal lock was again brought into use. The ball was dropped at 14h. on January 14th, 15h. on July 3, October 7, December 12, and December 16, and at 16h. on December 24. The ball was not raised on August 15th, on account of high wind.

The ball fell with an error of 03 or less on 324 occasions, and with an error of 04 or 0·5 on 23 occasions. Errors of 06 and 08 occurred once, and of 07 and 0-9 twice.

F 12

The probable error of the Time Ball was + 014; the monthly values for the past 5 years are given below :-

Probable Error of Time Ball.

Month.

1914

1915

1916

1917

1918

January,

+0.18

±0.17

±0.15

±0.17

February,

*15

44

*28

•10

*13

March,

*21

17

*17

*I I

15

April,

*22

*38

*18

*18

*10

May,

25

*16

'10

*17

12

June,

*16

15

*17

'10

14

July....

*20

17

10

'21

*II

August,

*21

*15

*IO

'I I

•26

September,

*14

*13

II

*10

16

October,

*14

*10

13

'IO

12

November,

13

*16

13

ΙΩ

12

December,

*28

*14

'II

14

Means,

+0.19 +0.19 ±0.14 ±0.13 +0*14

Transit Instrument.---Observations for time were made daily with the 3 inch transit and the Hipp tape chronograph by the Chinese computers, weather permitting.

The number of observations in the years 1917 and 1918 were as follows:-

Transits,

Level determination,

Azimuth

Collimation

1917. 1918.

...

1,924 1,522

952

787

44

23

40

22

No transits of the sun were utilized during 1918.

The azimuth and collimation determinations were made by the Director and Chief Assistant. The azimuth determinations depend usually upon observations of the old south mark.

Clocks. Early in January the clocks were removed from their piers and the piers demolished, in order to relieve the conges-

tion in the clock room and to facilitate entrance to the extended battery room. The Standard Sidereal and the Brock Mean Time clocks were placed on the west wall 9 feet apart, and the Dent Mean Time clock on the north wall, 3 feet from the NW corner of the room.

The losing rate of the Sidereal Standard clock Dent No. 39741 varied from 0·00 on February 14th (Bar. 30in. 13, Temp. 61°6) to-057 on August 15 (Bar. 29ins 35, Temp. 81° 2) and October 5 (Bar. 291.72, Temp. 79°•1). The clock was stopped by an earthquake on February 13 and tripped 18 seconds between

:

A

F 13

November 5 and 6. The rate during cloudy periods was usually derived from the formula :--

j'

0792+0575 (b − 29ins.) +03·00021. († — 50°)

where r is the computed losing rate, and b and t the mean baro- metric pressure and temperature, respectively, for the preceding 24 hours.

In the following table is given the excess of the observed over the inferred rate after cloudy periods during the year 1918 :-

Date 1918.

Interval without observations.

Excess of observed over inferred error.

secs.

March

29

A pril

13

7

May

4

";

17

5

June

16

July

3

3

>>

17

3

August

12

13

"

17

VI VT W W W DI WA ON Wd cold and www ~ ∞

8 days

+0°48

-0°07

3

+0.11

>>

+0.06

25

3

""

A

-0°25 -0°23

>>

-0°12

29

-0°92

27

3

+0:06

22

3

>>

-0°05

5

-0.39

-0.03

3

3

5

-0°33

-0°02

+0.13

77

28

September 23 October 2 I November 15

17

20

26

December 16

-0.45

The Brock Mean Time clock was generally in use for dropping the time-ball and driving the dials in various parts of the building until April 12th. From this date until the end of the year Dent No. 39740 was utilized for this purpose. When so employed the clock is corrected daily by the electric regulating apparatus and its daily rate is usually kept below 0.5 by the addition or removal of weights. Chronometer Dent No. 40917 is on loan at the Cape d'Aguilar Wireless Station, and Chronometer Dent No. 39946 at the Peak Signal Station.

Batteries.-The necessary current for the time service, etc., has been satisfactorily supplied by the accumulator battery, charged as found necessary from the alternating mains of the China Light and Power Co. through one of two Nodon valves. A new charging switchboard, designed by Mr. Jeffries, was constructed by the Public Works Department and placed in the clock room on the west side of the time-service switchboard, Much wiring has been saved by this

arrangement and the assistant in the clock room can now conveniently superintend all charging operations, adjustments, etc.

In December, 3 Delco accumulator cells of 10 ampère hours capacity, and two test tube 50-volt batteries of very limited

F 14

capacity, constructed by Mr. Jeffries, were brought into use in connection with the Wireless Receiving Apparatus.

IX.-MISCELLANEOUS.

Earthquakes.-During the year 1918 several earthquake shocks were felt in Hongkong, the most severe occurring on February 13 as follows:---

A series of shocks commenced at 14h. 7m. on February 13, and continued at intervals until 16h. 50m. on the 14th. The first shock was the most severe and would be classed as No. 6 in the Rossi-Forel scale of 1 to 10 (Fairly strong shock, sleepers awakened; persons sufficiently startled to leave their houses, clocks stopped, oscillation of chandeliers). It commenced with a very feeble vibration at 14h. 7m. and increased until 14h. 9m. when the shaking of buildings was alarming. It died away at 14h. 12m. This was apparently the most severe earthquake ever felt in Hongkong.

At the Observatory, Kowloon, two clocks with seconds pendulums swinging in the meridian stopped; the Brock mean time clock at 14h. 9m. 9s., and the Dent Sidereal clock, at 14h. 9m. 38s. The Dent mean time clock whose pendulum swings in an E-W direction was not perceptibly affected. The barograph clock, which also swings in an E-W direction stopped at 14h. 10m.; the baro- graph trace was not perceptibly affected however. In the upstair rooms several cracks appeared in the walls, glasses were overturned and the support of a cabinet shelf was shaken down. A seconds pendulum clock, swinging in an E-W direction was not stopped, but its rate, which had been practically zero for about 10 days, was affected to an extraordinary degree. By 17h. the clock had gained 2 minutes, and by 21h. it had gained 5 minutes. Its are of vibration was reduced considerably. No explanation of these derangements was found.

One striking effect on the stopped clocks was the rapidity with which the pendulums came to rest. The bobs weigh about 15 pounds, and if allowed to swing freely will remain in motion for 2 hours or more; whereas they both came to rest a few minutes after the first vibrations were felt.

A small, short pendulum mantel clock at the Club House, Fanling, swinging in a N-S direction, stopped at 14h. 9m., while the seconds pendulum clock, which faces a little to the west of north was not perceptibly affected.

A seconds pendulum clock swinging in a NW-SE direction in Messrs. Falconer and Co.'s shop, Hongkong, stopped at 14h. 10m. but a similar clock, about 2 yards distant, swinging in a NE-SW direction was not perceptibly affected.

Of the two pendulum clocks used by the Telephone Company for driving their Standard Time Clocks, only one was stopped (14h. 9m.). They both face west. Several of the Asiatic Petroleum Company's pendulum clocks stopped, but none of those which were facing north.

F 15

Several buildings in Hongkong were slightly damaged.

In addition to the principal shock at 14h. 9m. other movements were felt as follows.

----

Approximate

Time.

Character.

h.

m.

13d. 14 48

slight rumble.

16 9

slight shock.

16 11

slight shock.

21 27

slight shock.

22 36

moderate.

22 55

feeble.

23 10

feeble.

14d.

1 12 1 39

duration in seconds.

momentary.

momentary.

momentary.

5

5

momentary.

momentary.

6

moderate; doors shaken very slight, increasing to moderate; doors shaken.

2 51

very slight, rumble.

4 26

20 16 50

very slight, increasing to very pronounced

shock,

shaking of

doors somewhat alar- ming.

slight shock.

slight to moderate shock.

7

momentary.

20

3

3

The increased movement at 14d. 1h. 12m. suggested that the previous shocks were possibly precursors of a local earthquake. Telegrams were therefore sent to the Observatories at Manila, Taihoku, and Zikawei, asking them to give the origin of the dis- turbance, with a view to issuing local warnings if necessary. Replies from all three Observatories were received by 14d. 16h. The mean of the three estimations given by the above Observatories is latitude 26° N. and longitude 115° E. or about 250 miles N. by E. of Hongkong. The distances given by Shanghai and Taihoku, however, make the origin at Swatow.

It appears that the origin was a few miles to the north-west of Swatow.

Other shocks felt during the year were as follows:-

Time

d. h. m. March 6 5 22 May 8 21 39

""

25 0 3

June 26 3 29 3 29

July 20 20 16 Aug. 23 1 36 Nov. 18 11 29 Nov. 24 3 25

Character

slight tremors. decided shock.

decided shock. slight shock. rather sharp shock. slight shock.

">

>>

"

Approximate duration

in seconds.

3

4

5

3

3

3

6

F 16

Hygrometric Tables. -The question of improved hygrometric tables and methods has been considered in correspondence with the British Meteorological Office, but owing to the war no definite scheme of improvement has been decided upon. 3,375 observations of the effect of an electric fan on the wet bulb thermometer in the "Indian" shelter at this Observatory have been discussed. appears that the quantities given in the following table should be subtracted from the readings of the wet bulb thermometer in this form of shelter, at varying wind velocities and for varying depres- sions of the wet bulb:

Corrections to be applied to the readings of an unaspirated wet bulb thermometer in an "Indian" shelter to reduce them to those of an aspirated thermometer, at different wind velocities and for different depressions of the wet bulb.

t

t' (Fah).

Wind velocity.

m.

3

о

6° 7°

9° 10°

p.

I

2

3

4

20 mam to no a

7

8

9

IO

h.

O

'I *3

"I

"I

'I

'I

о

4

*2 "3

2 *3

عنی نی نی نہ نہ

'2 '3

о

о

о

о

06

98 776

8766

3

20+ + + en

Q

о

0

I I

I 2

13

14

I

15

I

I

"2

*2

I

*2

*2

2

*3

I

*2

'3

I'O

vi ääni öööö

I'2

13

*9 I'I

1'2

ΙΟ

I' I

*7

*7

98 776 i++

ΙΟ

*9

.8

*7

.6

•6

5

*2

2

*2 *3

'I

*2

"2

2

*3

*I

'2

*2

*2

I

'I

*2

*2

'I

16

I

"I

I

17

I

"I

'I

I

• I

18

"O

I

I

I

· 1

19

I

*I

'I

*1

20

21

"I

22

:

The wind velocity in the above table is that recorded by the Beckley Anemograph, the cups of which are 45 feet above the ground. Mean results suggest that the correction may be about a tenth of a degree less with east winds than with winds from other quarters, though the observations are discordant and this cannot be definitely accepted at present. In any case the amount is almost negligible and indicates that the exposure is satisfactory.

!

F 17

Certain of the observations indicate that the correction is smaller at low than at high wet bulb temperatures, but this also requires further investigation.

It would appear that the first step towards the improvement of hygrometric methods is to derive corrections similar to the above for various types of screens, for use where aspirated thermometers are not available, and to construct new hygrometric tables based upon the best observations with rotating thermometers and some approved hygrometer. The question of units should also be considered.

Commencement of the Astronomical Day.-The following is my reply to a letter addressed to "The Observatory" by the Astronomer Royal and the Savilian Professor of Astronomy at Oxford, asking for expressions of opinion on the subject of a proposed alteration in the commencement of the Astronomical Day

Sir,

The Astronomer Royal,

Royal Observatory, England.

With reference to your letter of 1917, July 19, to the Editors of "The Observatory" on the subject of the commencement of the Astronomical Day, I should like to suggest that opportunity be taken of the proposed reform to adopt Universal Time; using the present 180th meridian as the new zero.

The meridian of Greenwich cuts the busiest trade route of the world twice; namely, in the English Channel and the Mediterranean Sea, and also cuts the Cape route, so would be an unsatisfactory zero from the sailor's point of view, whereas the present 180th meridian cuts but a few trade routes and is already used as the meridian at which the date is altered. Incidentally, the commen- cement of the day by the new Universal Time would correspond to the commencement of the present Astronomical Day.

There may be objections to the scheme, but I think they can hardly outweigh the advantages to be gained by abolishing Local Time, which was a necessity to the ancients but which appears to have no raison d'être in the 20th Century. The introduction of zone time was a half measure, pandering to the peculiar though appa- rently universal idea that the day's routine must be carried out at approximately the same clock time all over the world.

On the introduction of Universal Time each state, or even town, could arrange to regulate its routine by the most suitable hours of Absolute Time. As regards Daylight Saving, places in low latitudes would make the middle of the Working Day coincide with the meridian passage of the mean sun, and in high latitudes would alter office hours etc. according to season, in the same way as the present lighting up times are altered.

:

F 18

Time Signals by Wireless Telegraphy.-The antennæ and earth wires for a wireless receiving set were completed early in the year. It soon became evident however that with the crystal supplied with the receiving set satisfactory signals would not be obtained from Shanghai or Manila. Two audion valves were therefore obtained in June through the courtesy of the wireless officer of the Pacific Mail S.S. Colombia. With these valves Mr. Henké, the wireless officer of H.M.S. Tamar, kindly lent by the naval authorities to superintend the installation, reported that he had obtained satis- factory time-signals from Manila; but not from Shanghai, owing to its low power and the intervening hills.

As the signals heard by the Director were not sufficiently re- liable for clock comparisons, Mr. Henké continued to make experi- ments with different apparatus and circuits, in order to obtain the best possible result. He is not yet satisfied owing to the want of a reliable potentiometer for the high tension battery and rheostat for the low tension battery. It is hoped that these will soon be obtained.

It is disconcerting to learn that signals from Shanghai cannot be obtained until the sending power of that station is increased. It is also disconcerting to find that § 3 of article 45 of the Service Regulations of the International Radiotelegraph Convention is disregarded. On any night wireless signals may be heard between 8.50 and 9.0 p.m., and 9.50 and 10.0 p.m.; whereas by the above regulation all radiotelegraph stations which, by sending signals, might disturb the reception of wireless time signals, should remain silent at these times.

A service of wireless time-signals from the Royal Observatory, Hongkong, was commenced on September 1, in accordance with the programme given in the following circular.

Radiotelegraphic Time Signals.

Radiotelegraphic land and ship-stations within range of Cape d'Aguilar, Hongkong, are hereby notified that, beginning with 1st September, 1918, Time Signals from the Royal Obser- vatory, Hongkong, will be transmitted by the Cape d'Aguilar Radio Station between 11.56 a.m. and noon, and between 8.56 p.m. and 9.0 p.m. (120th meridian Time) at the even seconds. The 2nd, 28th, 50th, 52nd, and 54th second of each of the above minutes will be omitted, for the purpose of identifying the signals.

The Time Signals will be preceded by the following warning- signals from Cape d'Aguilar between 11.54 and 11.55 a., and between 8.54 and 8.55 p.m. :-

CQ

---

DE VPS HK TIME WAIT

Both Warning- and Time Signals will be sent out on a wave length of 1,000 metres from a 5 kw. spark set. The Time Signals will be dots of about 0'2 second duration.

Radiotelegraphic land- and ship-stations within range of Cape d'Aguilar are required to keep silent between 11.54 a.m, and noon, and 8.54 p.m. and 9.0 p.m. (120th meridian Time) in accordance

1

F 19

with Article 45(3) of the Service Regulations appended to the International Radiotelegraph Convention of 1912. Operators are also required to keep themselves provided with the most accurate time available, in order to know when to shut down.

The signals are sent by a programme wheel on the seconds arbor of the Dent Mean Time clock, which operates a relay in parallel with the chronograph. They are transmitted to the Cape d'Aguilar wireless station through the relay, and are emitted as wireless signals by means of a magnetic key. The officer in charge of the wireless station at Sandakan (1,000 miles to the south of Hongkong) reports that he receives them at 9 p.m. as good, medium strength signals.

The service was interrupted on eleven occasions owing to defects on the line between the Observatory and Cape d'Aguilar.

Anti-glare glasses. In the month of September, thirteen samples of anti-glare glasses were received from the Scientific and Industrial Research Department, London, with a request that they might be tried and reported upon; the object being to provide the Services with the most suitable anti-glare glasses for protection of the eye from the physiological effects of glare and for improving vision in connection with the picking up of air craft. The glasses, with report thereon, were returned on October 21.

Staff-No change occurred in the European staff during the year.

Mr. B. D. Evans, First Assistant, was absent on Military Service throughout the year. He left the Colony on 1917 February 10 and was posted to the 3rd Field Survey Company, Royal Engineers, on April 25.

The Director acted as Cable Censor from July 14 to August 18 and from October 10 to December 3, and as Deputy Cable Censor for the remainder of the year.

Yuen Lai-sang was promoted from 6th grade telegraphist to 5th grade computer on October 1.

Expenditure. The annual expenditure on the Observatory for the past ten years is as follows:--

Year.

Total Expenditure.

Increase.

Decrease.

C.

e.

$

C.

1909

22,388.63

1,278.02

1910

21,787.55

601.08

1911

23,353.02

1,565.47

1912

22,595.08

757.94

1913

24,255.49

1,660.41

1914

25,398.31

1,142.82

1915

23,233.12

2,165.19

1916

21,977.78

1,255.34

1917

26,890.50

4,912.72

1918

20,028.24

6,862.26

F 20

Acknowledgments.-Acknowledgments are here made to the Directors of Weather Services in the Far East, and the Chinese Maritime Customs authorities, for daily observations, and extra observations during typhoon weather, to the Telegraph Companies for transmitting the observations free of charge, to the commanders of vessels who have furnished meteorological observations by post and by wireless telegraphy, and to the Observatory staff for the manner in which they have carried out their respective duties.

T. F. CLAXTON,

Director.

1919, February 25.

:

Appendix G.

REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR OF THE SUPREME COURT FOR THE YEAR 1918.

1. ORIGINAL JURISDICTION.

Two hundred and fourteen (214) actions were instituted in this division of the Court during the year 1918, as against 176 in 1917. One hundred and thirty seven (137) were disposed of during the year, 50 being settled or withdrawn before trial, as against 82 and 36 respectively in 1917. Of the 41 cases which had been set down for trial, 26 were disposed of during the year.

No injunction was granted during the year.

The amounts involved were $1,628,273, Ticals 15,197.75 and $14,175 Gold U.S.A. Currency, against $741,535.99 and £1,077. 11s. 8d. in 1917.

The debts and damages recovered amount to $695,677.93 as against $155,663.87 in 1917.

The fees collected amounted to $13,596.30 as against $8,841.50 in 1917.

Tables setting out in detail the figures contained in this and the following paragraphs are printed at pages 0 1, O 2, Y 2, and Y 3 of the Blue Book for the year 1917.

1A. IN PRIZE.

Three actions were instituted under the above head during the year in connection with cargo consigned to alien enemy firms on board the following vessels:-

66

Chinhua'

99

5

66

Nankin", and 66

Ajax ".

No ship was condemned during the year but sundry appli- cations In Prize were dealt with.

2.-SUMMARY JURISDICTION.

One thousand six hundred and sixty-eight (1,668) actions were instituted during the year as against 1,581 in 1917.

The cases were disposed of as follows:-Settled or withdrawn 654, Judgment for the Plaintiff 674, Judgment for the Defendant 22, Non-suited 1, Struck off, Dismissed, or Lapsed 31, and Pending 286, as against 676, 591, 23, 2, 29, and 260 respectively in 1917.

The claims amounted to $325,193.00 as against $288,833.27 and Rs 892/- in 1917, and the amounts recovered were $151,314.51 as against $122,765.59 and Rs 800/- in 1917.

G 2

The fees collected amounted to $6,610.00 as against $6,127.58 in 1917.

The number of Rent Distress Warrants issued was 689, re- presenting unpaid rents amounting to $58,575.06, of which $18,029.55 was recovered, as against 589, $49,533.91, and $15,365.95 respectively in 1917.

Four hundred and ninety-six (496) Warrants were with- drawn on settlement between the parties as against 405 in 1917.

The fees collected amounted to $3,680.00 as against $3,292.75 in 1917.

3. CRIMINAL JURISDICTION.

There were 66 cases and 102 persons committed for trial at the Criminal Sessions, as against 74 and 106 respectively in 1917.

The number of persons actually indicted was 101, of whom 79 were convicted and 22 were acquitted. Against 1 person the case was abandoned. In 1917 the figures were respectively 105, 85, 20, and 1.

4.-APPELLATE JURISDICTION.

Three appeals were lodged during the year.

One appeal from a decision of the Chief Justice was heard and dismissed.

Leave to appeal to the Privy Council was granted in two actions during the year, viz., Li Hong Mi v. The Attorney General and others, and The Kin Tye Loong v. The Wing Hang Hong and others.

5.-ADMIRALTY JURISDICTION.

Two actions were instituted during the year. One was settled and the other is pending.

1917.

The fees collected amounted to $139.85 as against $219.50 in

6. BANKRUPTCY JURISDICTION.

Thirty-five (35) petitions were filed, 20 being creditors' petitions and 15 debtors' petitions. The figures for 1917 were respectively 13, 7 and 6.

The number of Receiving Orders made was 27, being 14 on creditors' petitions and 13 on debtors' petitions. The figures for 1917 were respectively 9, 5 and 4.

The number of Public Examinations held was 8 as against 2 in 1917.

There were 23 Adjudications as against 8 in 1917. One Scheme of Arrangement was put through. Four petitions were withdrawn, 3 proceedings were annulled, 2 cases were dismissed, and 5 bankrupts obtained their discharge.

*

G 3

The estimated assets, in cases where Receiving Orders were made and not subsequently rescinded, were $736,156.08 and the estimated liabilities $1,480,202.93 as against $60,865.74 and $130,707.64 respectively in 1917.

The fees collected amounted to $4,936.60 as against $1,094.30 in 1917 and the Official Receiver's Commission as Trustee, where no Trustee had been appointed by the Creditors, was $7,858.07 as against $1,694.32 in 1917.

7.-PROBATE AND ADMINISTRATION.

Two hundred and thirty-eight (238) grants were made by the Court being :-

Probate

Letters of Administration

112

126

238

One Accounts for the Commissioner was filed.

The figures in 1917 were respectively 97, 111, and 0, total 208. The aggregate value of the estates was $8,306,900 as against $9,260,000 in 1917.

Probate and Estate Duties amounted to $513,469.31, Court Fees to $14,253.23, and Official Administrator's Commission to $6,365.15. The figures in 1917 were respectively $532,522.20, $12,440.40, and $4,968.10.

There were 75 Estates vested in or administered by the Official Administrator during the year, representing an aggregate value of $137,261.48. The figures for 1917 were respectively 62 and $65,251.49.

Sixteen (16) were wound up during the year, of the total value of $15,591.18, as against 15 in 1917 of the total value of $41,928.01.

8.-OFFICIAL TRUSTS.

The number of Trust Estates in the hands of the Official Trustees at the end of 1918 was 24, with Trust Funds amounting to $53,044.16, as against 23 Estates aggregating $65,251.49, plus certain house property, in 1917. One (1) Estate was wound up during the year. Two new Trusts were opened.

The amount of Commission collected was $433.73 as against $264.32 in 1917.

9.-REGISTRAR OF COMPANIES.

On the 31st December there were 260 companies on the Hongkong Register, of which 18 were in course of liquidation. During the year 26 new companies were put on the Register and 9 struck off.

The fees collected in respect of "China" companies amounted to $45,094.06 and those in respect of other companies to $8,956.20.

t

G 4

No firm was registered under the Chinese Limited Partnership Ordinance, 1911, and no company was registered under Part VIII of the Companies Ordinance, 1911.

Deposits to the value of $3,000,000 were made by Insurance Companies under the Fire and Marine Insurance Companies Deposit Ordinance, 1917.

10.-FEES AND COMMISSION.

The total sum collected during the year by way of fees and commission amounted to $68,032.72 as against $48.334.81 in the previous year.

11.-STAFF.

Sir William Rees Davies, Chief Justice, proceeded to Shanghai in November to sit as an additional Judge on a Criminal Appeal to His Britannic Majesty's Supreme Court for China.

Mr. C. A. D. Melbourne went on leave to North China on 15th October and returned on 26th November. He acted as Second Police Magistrate from 11th to 31st December.

Mr. F. B. Johnson, Assistant Land Officer, also acted as Deputy Registrar from the 13th March to the 31st December.

Mr. R. E. Lindsell, Third Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs, acted as Deputy Registrar in Mr. Melbourne's place from 11th to 31st December.

Mr. A. J. Mackie, Assistant Interpreter, returned from half- pay leave from Australia on 2nd May. He was attached to the Police Force as from the 15th July and Mr. Tang Tat-hung was transferred from the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs to act as Assistant Interpreter.

Mr. S. G. Kadir, 3rd Grade Clerk, Police Office, was appointed as from the 1st January to succeed Mr. J. M. P. da Silva, 1st Grade Clerk of Court and Clerk to the Puisne Judge, who retired on pension.

Mr. M. Akbar, 3rd Grade Clerk and Interpreter, was promoted to 2nd Grade Clerk on 1st May and succeeded Mr. S. G. Kadir, who was transferred to the Treasury. Mr. Khawas Khan, 4th Grade Clerk, Post Office, was appointed to Mr. Akbar's place.

Mr. T. F. O'Sullivan, Second Bailiff, was attached to the Police Force as from the 15th July.

Mr. Wong Po-kai, 3rd Grade Clerk, resigned on the 30th November, and Mr. Wong-tai, 4th Grade Clerk, Crown Solicitor's Office, was appointed to the post.

HUGH A. NISBET,

1

1

28th February, 1919.

Registrar.

Table showing total number of Cases dealt with in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the Supreme Court.

(From 1909 to 1918.)

Year.

Total

number of

cases dealt

with.

Expenditure.

Revenue.

Total.

Increase. Decrease.

Total.

Increase. Decrease.

Percentage of Revenue to

Expenditure.

3

C.

C.

C.

%

1909

1,030

89,209.17

1,938.77

45,861.55

731.25

51.40

1910

1,259

91,789.15

2,579.98

65,527.80 19,666.25

71.38

1911

1,963

86,702.10

5,087.05

* 48,342.49

17,185.31

55.75

1912

1,263

88,346.36

1,644.26

60,544.30

12,201.81

68.53

1913

898

98,351.02

10,004.66

*

1914

1,091 | 107,780.92

9,429.90

1915

832 110,667.68

2,886.76

63,303.78

* 73,422.69 * 63,382.63

2,759.48

64.36

10,118.91

68.12

·

10,040.06

57.27

1916

753

105,252.44

5,415.24

* 56,719.68

6,662.95

53.88

1917

764

99,662.88

1918

931

98,281.40

5,589.56

1,381.48

* 48,334.81

8,384.81

48.48

* 68,032.72

19,697.91

69.22

* Not including amounts paid direct to Treasury for fees in respect of Licences to keep Local Registers issued by the Registrar of Companies under the Companies Ordinance, 1911.

G 5 -

Appendix H.

REPORT OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS

FOR THE YEAR 1918.

Mr. J. R. Wood acted as First Magistrate from January 1st to March 20th and from March 20th to May 20th and from December 11th to the end of the year.

Mr. E. D. C. Wolfe assumed duty as First Magistrate from March 11th to March 19th and from May 21st to December 10th.

Mr. A. Dyer Ball acted as Second Magistrate from January 1st to March 10th and from March 20th to May 20th.

Mr. C. D. Melbourne acted as Second Magistrate from December 11th to the end of the year.

The number of cases was 10,051 as compared with 11,922 in 1917 and the Revenue was $69,603.39 as compared with $75,391.17 in 1917.

Table I shows the total number of cases tried and the Revenue and Expenditure of the Magistracy for the years 1908-1918.

Table II shows the List of Offences tried during the year.

Table III gives an Abstract of Cases under Cognizance of the Police Magistrates' Courts during the year.

Table IV gives a return of Punishments awarded in respect of certain classes of offence during the year.

Table V gives an Abstract of Cases brought under Cognizance of the Police Magistrates' Courts during a period of the last ten

years.

29th August, 1919.

R. O. HUTCHISON,

Police Magistrate.

*

Table I.

Table showing total Number of Cases tried in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the Magistracy for the years 1909 to 1918.

EXPENDITURE,

REVENUE.

YEAR.

Total.

Increase.

Decrease. Total. Increase.

Decrease.

Total

Number

of Cases

tried.

Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

$

$

C.

C.

%

1909

40,119.69

5,898.49 69,986.42 1,289.99

10,771

57.32

1910

38,428.03

1,691.66

75,970.76 5,984.34

11,688

50.58

1911

43,298.26

4,870.23

52,464.87

23,505.89

10,471

82.53

1912

41,590.98

1,707.28

99,253,10 | 46,788.23

13,450

41.90

1913

42,867.21* 1,276.23

158,451.5659,198.46

13,954

27:05

1914

42,807.15*

60.06 92,109.34*

66,342.22

11,034

46:47

1915

44,041.33* 1,234.18

75,130.13*

16,979.21

12,263

58.62

1916

40,642.43*|

3,398.90 109,664.82* 34,534.69

15,057

37:06

1917

38,510.07*

2,132.36

75,391.17*

34,273.65

11,922

51.08

1918

40,804.18* 2,294.11

69,603.39*

5,787.78

10,051

58.62

*Tai Po District not included.

H 2 -

OFFENCES.

Table II.

POLICE COURTS.

1.-LIST of OFFENCES TRIED during the year 1918,

NUMBER No. of

OF PRI- CASES. SONERS.

OFFENCES.

NUMBER No. of

OF

CASES.

PRI-

SONERS.

Accessories and Abettors Ordinance-3 of 1865, Advertisement Regulation Ordinance-19 of 1912,

Asiatic Emigration Ordinance-30 of 1915,

N

2

Arms and Ammunition Ordinance-2 of 1900,- Contraventions of,

58

82

Brought forward,.

.....

Chinese Marriage Preservation Ordinance- 42 of 1912,.

Coinage Offences Ordinance-7 of 1865,-

Offences relating to the King's gold and silver coin, (Sections 3-12),

Offences relating to foreign coin,

15-20),

Common Law Offences,.

(Sections

103 128

3

co

ལ་

63

73

Bankruptcy Ordinance -7 of 1891,- Offences under,.....................

1

Coroners Abolition Ordinance-5 of 1888,- Offences under,.

Births and Deaths Registration Ordinance-7 of 1896,-

Contraventions of,

10

Cremation Ordinance-5 of 1914,

1

2

Boarding House Ordinance-23 of 1917,

22

22

Dangerous Goods Ordinance-1 of 1873,- Contraventions of,

31

34

C'ensorship Regulations 1917,-

Offences under,...

Dangerous Smoking Prevention Ordinance-9 of 1900,- Contraventions of,

Chinese Extradition Ordinance-7 of 1889,-

Proceedings under,

4

4

Deportation Ordinances-9 of 1912 and 27 of 1917,

3883

4

83

Carried forward,

103

128

Carried forward,

H 3

296 335-

H 4-

OFFENCES.

Table II,-Continued.

LIST of OFFENCES, ETC.,-Continued.

No. of

PRI-

No. of CASES. SONERS,

OFFENCES.

No. of

CASES.

No. of

PRI-

SONERS.

Brought forward,

296

335

Brought forward,..

370

420

Dogs Ordinance—5 of 1893,—

Contraventions of,

Education Ordinance-26 of 1913,--

Part I, (Sections 1 to 6),.

Electricity Supply Ordinance-18 of 1911,

Employers and Servants Ordinance-45 of 1902,—— Offences under,.

Extradition Acts, 1870 to 1906,----

Proceedings under,

Gambling Ordinance-2 of 1891.—

333

33

Contraventions of and Offences under,

2391,134

2

Gunpowder and Fireworks Ordinance-14 of 1901,--- Contraventions of and Offences under,

2

4 Hongkong Extension Exemption Ordinance-10 of 1899,

Hongkong and Kowloon Wharf and Godown Co.'s Ordinance-6 of 1908,-

Contraventions of By-laws made thereunder,.

4

4

1

1 Importation and Exportation Ordinance--32 of 1915,

45.

47

Ferries Ordinance-28 of 1917,

1

Indecent Exhibition Ordinance-3 of 1918,

10

10

Forest Fire Prevention Ordinance-5 of 1917,

5 | Interpretation Ordinance-31 of 1911,

1

1

Forgery Ordinance-4 of 1865,—

Larceny Ordinance-5 of 1865,~

Forgery of Deeds, Wills, and Bills of Exchange,

Simple larceny,

886

984

(Sections 22-28),

22

29

Offences under the Supplemental Provisions, (Sections 42-52),

Larceny of things attached to or growing on land, (Sections 22-28),.

69

82

1

Larceny from the person and similar Offences,

(Sectious 29-37),.

248

296

Fugitive Offenders Act, 1881,-

Proceedings under,

1

1

Sacrilege burglary and house-breaking, (Secs. 38—47), Larceny in dwelling-houses,

56

68

(Sections 48-49),

30

34

Carried forward,

370

420

Carried forward,.

1,962 | 3,081

OFFENCES.

Table II,—Continued.

LIST of OFFENCES, ETC,-Continued.

No. OF

CASES.

No. of

PRI-

SONERS,

OFFENCES.

No, OF

NO. OF

PRI-

CASES. SONERS.

"}

Brought forward,

Larceny Ordinance-5 of 1865,—Contd.-

Larceny in ships, wharves, &c., (Sections 50-53),

or embezzlement by clerks, servants, &c., (Sections 54-60),

Frauds by bankers, agents, &c., (Sections 62–74),. Obtaining property by false pretences, (Secs. 75—78), Receiving stolen property, (Sections 79-87);

Licensing Ordinance-8 of 1887,-

1,962 3,084

Brought forward,

3,952 | 5,221

11

Malicious Damage Ordinance-6 of 1865,- Miscellaneous injuries, (Sections 42—44),

11

17

22

22

5

Merchandise Marks Ordinance-4 of 1890,— Contraventions of and Offences under,

15

15

31

53

87 118

Misdemeanour Punishment Ordinance-1 of 1898,- Offences under,

40

40

Contraventions of and Offences under,

833 837

21

., Regulations made thereunder,

757

757

Naval Stores Ordinance (Hongkong)—4 of 1875,---- Contraventions of,

Liquors Licence Ordinance-9 of 1911,-

Contraventions of and Offences under Part I,

(Sections 3-40),

13

13

Offences against the Person Ordinance-2 of 1865,— Homicide, (Sections 2—9),.

21

Contraventions of and Offences under Part II,

Attempt to murder, (Sections 10—14),

2

(Sections 41-73),

Letters threatening to murder, (Section 15),

21

Contraventions of and Offences under Part III,

Acts causing or tending to cause danger to life, &c.,

(Sections 74-96),

9

(Sections 16-31),

204

275

Assaults, (Sections 32-43),

11

20

Live Stock Import and Export Regulation Ordinance- 15 of 1903,-

Bigamy, (Section 46)

thereunder,

Contraventions of Rules and Regulations made

Magistrates Ordinance-3 of 1890,—

Concealing the birth of a child, (Section 49),

3 Offences against the Person (Amendment) Ord.—9 of 1913,

- H 5-

2** *22*

I

Offences under,

Carried forward,

223

308

Opium Ordinance-4 of 1914,- Contraventions of Part

I (Sections 5-18),

29

29

3,9525,221

Carried forward,..

4,314 5,678

*

- H 6 —

OFFENCES.

Table II,-Continued.

List of OffenCES, ETC,—Continued.

No. of

RRI-

No. of CASES. SONERS.

No. OF

OFFENCES.

NO. OF

PRI-

CASES. SONERS,

Brought forward,.

4,314 5,678

Brought forward,..

4,676 6,207

Opium Ordinance-4 of 1914,-Contd.-

Contraventions of Part II (Sections 19-34),

""

III (

35-62),

261 438

13

Protection of Women and Girls Ordinance-4 of 1897,- Offences under,

81

90

2

Opium Ordinance-27 of 1917,

Pawnbrokers Ordinance-1 of 1860,-

"

Public Health and Buildings Ordinance-1 of 1903,- Contraventions of Part II, (Sections

"

III, (

19

8-95),

96-235),

178

190

133

137

Contraventions of,

40

32

Failure to comply with B. A. Notice.

2

2

S. B.

under the Ord..

1

>>

""

Peak Tramway Ordinance-2 of 1883,

1

By.

11

Piracy Prevention Ordinance-23 of 1914,

N

"

Pharmacy and Poisons Ordinance-9 of 1916,

Police Force Ordinance-11 of 1900,-

Offences under,

19

25

laws made thereunder,

Contraventions of By-laws made thereunder, Regulations made thereunder, 7 Punishment of Incest Ordinance-3 of 1916,

Public Places Regulation Ordinance-2 of 1870,— Contraventions of Regulations made thereunder,

£

Port Regulations 1917,

1

2 Railway Ordinance-21 of 1909,

Post Office Ordinance-6 of 1900,- Contraventions of and Offences under,

13

13

Prevention of Crimes Ordinance-4 of 1887,- Contraventions of and Offences under,

1

Registration of Person Ordinance-6 of 1916, Regulation of Chinese Ordinance-3 of 1888,- Offences under Part V, (Sections 22-28),

River Steamers Ordinance-6 of 1895,-

11

I 1

Prison Ordinance-4 of 1899,-

Offences under,

1

9

Contraventions of Rules made thereunder,.

1

1

Carried forward,

4,676 6,207

Carried forward,

5,108 6,674

!

H 7-

OFFENCES.

No. of

CASES.

Table II,-Continued.

LIST of OFFENCES, ETC,—Continued.

No. of

PRI-

80NERS.

Brought forward,

5,1086,674

OFFENCES.

Brought forward,.

Rogue and Vagabond-5 Geo. IV, c. 83,

28

30 Trading with the Enemy Ordinance-25 of 1914,

Sale of Food and Drugs Ordinance-8 of 1896,— Offences under,

Theatres and Public Performances

14

14

Ordinance-18 of 1908,

Servants Quarters Ordinance-11 of 1903,-

Tobacco Ordinance-10 of 1916,

No OF

CASES.

No. OF

PRI-

SONERS.

7,230 9,373

I

Regulation

19

19

15

16

Offences under,.

20

Tramway Ordinance-10 of 1902,-

Small Tenements Recovery Ordinance-10 of 1897,- Proceedings under,

Contraventions of and Offences under,

1

1

Travellers Restriction Ordinance-19 of 1915,

~

Societies Ordinance-47 of 1911,

171

Vagrancy Ordinance-9 of 1897,—

Stamp Ordinance-16 of 1901,— Offences under,..

119

119

Stowaways Ordinance-5 of 1903,-

Proceedings under,

Vehicles and Traffic Regulation Ordinance-40 of 1912, Contraventions of Regulations made thereunder,

- 13

18

Offerrees under,

Summary Offences Ordinance-1 of 1845,--

Nuisances, Trespasses, and similar offences,

(Sections 3-21),

Offences against good order, (Sections 22—35),

Possession of stolen goods, (

36-11),

Proceedings under Miscellaneous Provisions, (Sections 42-51),

Carried forward,.

11 38

Weights and Measures Ordinance-2 of 1885,- Contraventions of and Offences under,

1,518 1,680

164 349

Wireless Telegraphy Ordinance-7 of 1903,-- Contraventions of,

250 273

Undecided Cases,

4

4

2,497 | 2,700

24

25

2

43

49

7,230 | 9,373

Total,.

9,848 | 12,210

:

CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENCES.

Assaults and other offences against the person, Malicious injuries to property, Gambling,

Offences against property other

than malicious injuries to property or predial larceny, Offences against Revenue Acts,” Highway Acts, Health Acts, and other Acts relating to the social economy of the Colony, Offences against Masters and Servants Acts, including Acts relating to indentured coo- lies,

Other offences,

Total,

Table III.

2.—ABSTRACT of CASES under COGNIZANCE of the POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURTS during the Year 1918.

CASES, HOW DISPOSED OF, AND THE NUMBER OF MALE AND FEMALE PRISONERS UNDER EACH HEAD.

Ordered to find Security.

WRITS ISSUED BY THE POLICE MAGISTRATES DURING THE YEAR.

Warrants.

M.

F. M. F. M. F. M.

F.

M. F.

M. F. M.

F.

M.

H.

M. F.

M.

F.

344

14

444 161 45 126

17 8 239 1,134 913 30 1,462 1,703 1,087 22

7

189

*:*

2

467 31

22

23 27 4

10

N

45

...

19 20

17

386

:

...

...

-

...

:::

75 3,273 14

:

219

17

1,102

32

74 6

:

1,704 1,893 1,550 | 109

220

11

7

2 2

3

1

...

6,035 | 6,962 | 5,638 165

935 59 16

9,805 (12,161 | 9,359 373 1,947 127 117 10

|12,161

...

333

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

**

:

:

:

33

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

2

1,643

60

22

1,794 121

ས༤

23

D

82

24

7137

23 12

10

6,718

254

49

11,665

545 3,273 14

219

*TOTAL MALES AND FEMALES,....

12,210

*Consisting of Offenders not sentenced to Imprisonment.

:

TOTAL.

307

HF:

231

4,044

H 8

307 231

4,044

:

Assaults

and other

offences

Number of

against

the

Malicious

injuries to

property..

Gam-

bling.

Table IV.

3.- RETURN of PUNISHMENTS awarded in respect of CERTAIN CLASSES of OFFENCES, during the Year 1918.

PUNISHMENTS.

Offences against Offences against

Revenue Acts,

Highway Acts, Health Acts, and

other Acts

Description.

cach kind

person.

Offences against property other than malicious injuries to pro- perty or predial larceny.

Masters and

Servants Acts,

Other

including Acts

relating to the

relating to

offen-

ces.

indentured

social economy

coolies.

inflicted.

of the colony.

888

1,175

6

5,275

94

58

457

390

H 9

:

Exposed in Stocks,

264

.....

Sentenced to House of Detention,

13

Fines,

7,606

190

868

Imprisonment in lieu

of fine or security,

1,044

40

Peremptory Imprison- ment,

1,012

47

2

Whipping,

Solitary Confinement,...|

87

:..

:

:

: ݂

:

744

34

185

63

10

:

:

:

226

:

:

...

38

13

Bound over with or

without Sureties,

264

82

N

18

159

TOTAL..

10,290

366

11

964

1,197

1,676

6

6,070

H 10

Table V.

4.—ABSTRACT of CASES brought under COGNIZANCE of the POLICE MAGISTRATES' Courts during a period of ten years 1909-1918.

CASES, HOW DISposed of, and the Number of Male and FEMALE PRISONERS UNDER EACH HEAD.

Year

Total

number

cases.

of

ted for

Convicted and punished.

Discharged.

trial at

der of His

Supreme

Court.

the Governor.

Committed

Ordered to

Commit- to prison or find security

detained

pending or-

Excellency

To keep the

peace, to be of

good beha- viour, and to answer any charge.

absconded.

Did not appear and

Escaped before being

brought

for trialat

the Ma- gistracy.

Escaped.

Punished for preferring false charge

Undecided.

Total number

or giving false testimony.

of defendants.

2

3

4

5

6 7

00

8

9

10

11 12

13 14 15

16

17

18

19

20

21

M.

F.

M.

F.

M. F.

M.

F.

M. F.

M.

M.] F. M.

M. F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

1909, 10,771 11,668 991

2,670

303 117 6

24

562 229

:

1910.... 11,688 12,880 741

1911,... 10.471 11,000 482 2,832

3,655

278 198 23

27

1

358105

217 187 23

23

391 59

:

1912, 13.450 15,945

877

1918,... 14,218 19,856 641

3,027

2,559

329357 6

5

451 119

181169 24

25

8 415 97

:

1

4

73

12

15,119 1,541

3

4

123

5

17,248 | 1,153

45

6

14.482 787

16

19,612 1,332

22

1

23,046 952

Total,..

60,598 71,349 |3,732

14,743 1,308 828 82

104

10 2,177 609 15

4

17

279

24

79,507 | 5,765

Average per Year,

|12,119 6 14,269-8746-4 | 2,948-6| 2616 165-616-4

20.8

2435-4

1218 2

1

:

8

.8

3.4

55.8

4.8

15.901.4 1,158

1914,

11,192 12,890 267 2,401

1915, . 12,263 12,788 305 2,056

1916,. 15,057 14,881 455 2,233

1917,... 11,922 11,727 441 2,168

1918,... 9,805 9,359 373 1,947

115 116 2

18

:

296

111 149 10

71

272 20

96 116 4

10

313

92 119

Co

3

6

248 34

127 117 10

197 41

སྨྲ ཆརྒྱཚ་སྐྱུ

22

ลง

2

40

1

:.

:

:

÷

:

:

:

:

:

3

63

48

72

17,625 595

42

14,311 570--

49

11,665 545

:

15,789 406

15,320

446

S.I

Total,.. 60,239

61,645 1,841 10,805

541 617 29

41

1,326157 2

1

:

3

274

54,710 2,562

per

Average 12,047-8

12,329 368.2

2,161 108-2123-4 5.8 8.2

265-2 31'4

***

+4

-2

:

54.8

10,942 512-4

Year,

Grand Total

for the

120,837 132,994 | 5,573

25,548 1,849 1,545111

145

10 3,503 766 3

co

4 20

20

553

134,217 8,327

10

Years,

Average

per Year,

12,083-7 13,299-4 | 557-3 | 2,5548 1849 1545111 14.5 1350-376.6

+3 *6

2

55.3

13,421-7 832-7

1

Appendix I.

ļ

REPORT OF THE LAND OFFICER FOR THE YEAR 1918.

*

3.

1.- REGISTRATION.

During the year two thousand nine hundred and twenty-two (2,922) Deeds and Documents were registered under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1844 affecting four thousand two hundred and nine (4,209) lots of land. The total money consideration on sales, mortgages, surrenders, and miscellaneous documents amounted to $47,726,784.67 particulars of which are shown in Table I. total number of documents registered in the Land Office under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1844 up to the end of 1918 was. 67,239. The number of Deeds registered each year for the last ten years is shown in Table III.

2.-GRANTS OF LAND.

The

The total area of land sold and granted on lease during the year was 889 acres 3 roods 383 poles of which 664 acres I rood 22 poles was in respect of lands dealt with by the District Land Offices. The total area resumed was 48 acres 1 rood 384 poles being an excess of 841 acres 1 rood 3914 poles of land granted over land resumed during the year. This is exclusive of quarries and lands let on short temporary permits by the Public Works Department. Particulars of the grants are shown on page W 1 of the Blue Book for 1918.

3.-GRANTS OF LEASES.

The number of Crown Leases granted during the year was 117 particulars of which are specified in Table II. The number of Crown Leases issued each year for the last ten years is shown in Table III.

4.- FEES.

The total amount of fees collected by stamps, exclusive of the New Territories, during the year amounted to $52,129.35 being $1,081.60 more than the previous year. The amount of land registration fees in the New Territories amounted to $3,575.30.

The amounts of fees collected under the different headings for the years 1909 to 1918 are shown in Table IV.

I 2

5.-CROWN RENT ROLL.

The total Crown Rent due in respect of leased lands in Hong- kong and Kowloon (excluding certain Villages in Hongkong and Kowloon entered in the Village Rent Roll) amounted for the year ending 25th December to $412,171.90 a decrease of $13,955.37 on the previous year, which was due mainly to the rents for quarries being omitted, these are not leased now, but let on permit only. The total amount due in respect of leased lands in the Villages of Hongkong and Kowloon appearing in the Village Rent Roll for the year ending 30th September was $3,505.15 a decrease of $11.10 on the previous year. The total number of lots of Crown Land appear- ing in the Rent Rolls with the total Rents is shown in Table V.

6. SCAVENGING LANES.

Areas for Scavenging Lanes were in the case of twelve pro- perties either resumed by the Crown for money payments or dedi- cated by the Crown Lessees as Scavenging Lanes in consideration of their being granted by the Building Authority modifications or exemptions from certain provisions of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903, and the necessary documents were completed and registered.

7.-NOISY AND OFFENSIVE TRADES.

Twenty-seven licences were granted to Crown Lessees under the provisions of the Crown Leases to carry on offensive trades on their premises in cases where such licences were recommended by the Sanitary Board.

8.-BUILDING COVENANTS.

In six cases applications were made by Crown Lessees for an extension of time in which to comply with the building covenant in their Crown Leases or grants. The applications were granted on payment of penalties and the agreements completed and regis- tered.

9.-MISCELLANEOUS DOCUMENTS.

In addition to the above one hundred and seventeen Crown Leases and one hundred and sixty-five miscellaneous documents were drawn and completed, the latter including agreements to secure Government Contracts and Purchase Deeds on the resump- tion of properties by the Crown.

:

10.

I 3

wwwwwww-doo

STAMP DUTY.

The amount of Stamp Duty paid on registered documents exclusive of Probates and Letters of Administration amounted to $314,003.75. The amount of Stamp Duty on Probates and Letters of Administration registered amounted to $96,824.10.

11. STAFF.

Mr. Birley Johnson acted as Land Officer from the 11th June to the 9th of October during the absence of Mr. Jacks.

Mr. Tam Hing-yan was promoted to be a 3rd Grade Clerk in February.

Mr. Li Kung-shan was promoted to the Official Receiver's Office as a 4th Grade Clerk in May.

Mr. Shiu Sze-ki succeeded him here (on probation).

Mr. Lo Tak-cheong was promoted to the Colonial Secretary's Office as a 4th Grade Clerk in April.

Mr. Chan Fung Cheung succeeded him here (on probation).

PHILIP JACKS,

Land Officer.

7th May, 1919.

-

15

47

I 4

Table I.

Particulars of Deeds and Documents registered in the Land Office.

No. of Lots

Description of Documents.

Number Registered.

or portions

of Lots affected.

Total Consideration.

C.

Assignments

949

1,196

17,768,461.35

Mortgages and Transfers of

Mortgages

922

1,398

16,861,129.81

Reassignments and

and Satis-

factions

757

1,052

13,027,769.09

Surrenders

48

67

64,214.42

Judgments and Orders of

Court

36

78

Probates and Letters ol

Administration

83

219

Miscellaneous Documents,

127

199

5,210.00

Total,......

2,922

4,209

47,726,734.67

Table II.

Crown Leases granted during the year 1918.

Hongkong.

Kowloon.

New Kowloon.

New

Territories.

CO

6

3

4

1

2

3

1 19 13 1

1

Ι 117

Total.

1

I 5

Table III.··

Number of Deeds registered and Crown Leases issued during the years from 1909 to 1918.

Year,

Deeds Registered.

Crown Leases Issued.

1909

1,544

44

1910

1,706

180

1911

2,142

99

1912

2,353

57

1913

2,814

118

1911

2,433

66

1915

2,154

166

1916

2,670

118

1917

2,824

135

1918

2,922

117

Table IV.

Fees collected during the years from 1909 to 1918.

Registration Searches and

Grants

Year.

of Deeds.

Copies of Documents.

of Leases.

Total.

$

C.

$

c.

C.

$

c.

1909....

22,325.00

2,268.75

1,270.00

25,863.75

1910.

27,798.00

2,722.25

5,305.00

35,825.25

1911....

33,871.00

2,827.20

2,925.00

39,623.20

1912.

37,528.00

2,805.75

1,820.00

42,153.75

1913.

45,018.00

3,530.50

3,670.00

52,218.50

1914.

38,362.00

3,200.25

2,450.00

44,012.25

1915..

32,305.00

2,719.00

5,455.00 40.479.00

1916.

42,070.00

3.368.25

3,960.00

49,398.25

1917..

43,478.00

3,199.75

4,370.00

51,047.75

1918.

45,225.00

3,399.35

3,505.00

52,129.55

I 6

Table V.

Crown Rent Roll.

Locality and Description.

No. of Lots.

Total Crown Rent.

C.

Victoria Marine Lot

Praya Reclamation Marine Lot

Victoria Inland Lot

Quarry Bay Marine Lot

331

67,232.18

83

10,149.78

1,836

157.809.02

2

18,334.00

Inland Lot

11

3,278.00

""

Farm Lot

14

2,575.72

Garden Lot......

45

1,151.00

Rural Building Lot

117

11,201.84.

Aberdeen Marine Lot

5

579.16

Inland Lot...........

70

2,219.16

"2

Aplichau Marine Lot

Shaukiwan Marine Lot....

20

150.56

Inland Lot.

Inland Lot

22

172.64

10

1,928.00

143

2,454.40

27

Stanley Inland Lot

Kowloon Marine Lot

4

4.00

56

40,990.13

Inland Lot

""

Farm Lot

""

Garden Lot

>>

893

53,470.32

141.99

2

4.00

22

Hung Hom Marine Lot

Inland Lot..

Shek O Inland Lot

Tai Tam Inland Lot Tong Po Inland Lot

New Kowloon Marine Lot

2

6,140.00

197

9,452.50

2

5.00

}

1.00

1

1.00

5

7,368.00

Inland Lot

140

8,707.00

""

Farm Lot

1,082.50

""

27

Rural Building Lot

Tai Po Inland Lot...

38.00

344.00

Fan Ling Lot......

2

1,192.00

Sheung Shui Lot

2

408.00

Sai Kung Marine Lot

Ping Chau Farm Lot

1

Inland Lot

1

500.00*

1

225.00

Mining Lot......

Total.......

2,862.00

4,069

$412,171.90

.

www.

I 7

Village Rent Roll.

Locality and Description.

No. of Lots.

Total

Crown Rent.

69

C.

Wongneichung,

128

224.50

Aberdeen

Pokfulam

23

83.50

24

28.25

Tai Hang

Ah Kung Ngam........

Shaukiwan

Tai Kok Tsui

163

641.50

27

20.25

55

43.00

10

16.00

Mong Kok

Hok Un

45

98.50

95

277.50

Tokwawan

Shek Shan

Sun Shan....

Mataukok

Mati........

Ho Mun Tin

Ma Tau Chung

Ma Tau Wei

Kau Pui Shek.....

187

328.00

31

69.00

18

59.50

31

44.50

2

5.50

6

17.50

56

120.00

126

220.50

31

112.00

Hau Pui Loong

15

53.50

Tung Lo Wan..

5

23.00

Wong Tsuk Hang

2

34.50

Tai Hang Stream

18

77.00

Little Hongkong

2

3.00

Tong Po

2

3.50

Stanley

Tytam

10

19.50

1

3.50

T

Tytam Tuk.

3

2.50

Wong Ma Kok

Chai Wan

1

2.00

7

15.00

Shek O

Hok Tsui

Chung Hom Bay

A plichau

Tsat Tsz Mui

23.00

1.50

1

3.00

Chinese Joss House Bowen Road, Victoria...

1

3.00

68

287.00

35

99.00

Kowloon Tong

Telegraph Bay

Hung Hom West

Little Hongkong...

46

112.00

13

43.50

2

6.00

1,590

280.65

Total......

2,889

$3,505.15

Appendix J.

REPORT ON THE NEW TERRITORIES FOR THE YEAR 1918.

A.-NORTHERN DISTRICT

I. STAFF.

Mr. Chambers, the Land Bailiff in charge of the western side of the District, went home with a draft for active service on May 18th: he returned on December 18th.

II. MAGISTRACY.

The statistics for 1918, and the average of the preceding five years, are shown on Table A.

(a.)-Police Court.

There were again fewer cases, but a larger proportion of larceny and kindred offences, possibly due to bad times. About half the offenders come from Chinese territory.

(b.)-Small Debts Court.

Largely owing to bad trade and bad crops, the number of cases increased to nearly double that of last year, and the debts could seldom be recovered.

III-LAND OFFICE.

There was an increased demand for grave-sites, mostly on per- mit on Crown land, but in some cases purchased by well-to-do Chinese with a provision for the beautifying of the neighbouring hillsides by the planting of trees.

trees.

There was a large increase in sales of land for growing fruit

The large reclamation of marsh land, foreshadowed in last year's report, fell through, partly on account of applicant's inability to satisfy the requirements laid down as to irrigation, and partly from fear of conflict with local interests or prejudices.

IV. REVENUE.

The revenue for the year, so far as paid through this office, amounted to $120,244.93, an increase on all previous years, except 1916.

In addition, there was a total sum of about $30,935.33 contri- buted by this district through other offices.

V.

J 2

GENERAL.

While 1917 was a bad year for the farmers, 1918 was still worse. The spring was dry till the end of May, so that there was insufficient water for the young padi, and then there was a record fall for the next three months which interfered both with the gathering of the first crop and the planting of the second.

The price of padi rose considerably towards the end of the year, but most of the profit went to the dealers rather than the farmers. In consequence many of the poorer people were reduced to living on congee and sweet potatoes instead of rice.

Of the two market centres, Tai Po had a fairly prosperous year, with a considerable demand for building sites on the reclama- tion but at Un Long business was bad, and in addition much dam- age was done by a fire among the old shops in February, whereby some 25 buildings were destroyed.

The disturbed condition of the neighbouring province had less serious consequences for the New Territories than might have been feared; such bad characters as found their way across the border came for the most part in peaceful guise, perhaps pre- ferring to reserve their activities for Hongkong.

The demand for metals led to much prospecting, and to two new mining ventures for wolfram, one at the junction with the Southern District near Shing Mun, and one near Castle Peak.

The prevailing epidemic of influenza invaded the Territory in the autumn and caused numerous deaths.

G. N. ORME,

14th March, 1919.

District Officer.

1

:

J 3

Table A.

POLICE COUrt.

1918.

Average for 1913-1917.

Cases heard

203

245

Persons brought before the

374

452

Police Magistrate

Persons convicted & punished

252

292

Persons bound over.....

49

56

Persons discharged

66

98

;

Persons committed

7

Persons imprisoned......................

99

79

Fines inflicted

$ 1,276.00

$ 1,667.69

Warrants executed

48

37

SMALL DEBTS COURT.

Cases heard

283

113

Writs of Execution..................................

254

65

Heading.

Permits, etc.

No. of Sales,

No. of Lots.

Table B.

Area.

Increase of Annual Rent.

Decrease of Annual Rent.

Amount of Premia, Fees, etc.

Amount paid for Resump- tion of Land.

Term of Years.

Acres.

Sales of Land for Agriculture

65

249.50

153.20

Building

112

3.55

251.70

C.

$

3,367.00

2,307.00

75

75

Building & Tennis Court

1

*25

12.50

220.00

75

AAA

""

Drying Ground

2

*19

.60

53.00

75

Garden

2.95

30.10

751.00

75

Grave

*26

13.50

725.00

75

"3

Orchard

46.74

46.90

2,039.00

75

""

>>

Planting

17:30

17.40

1,051.00

75

}}

Threshing Floor

14

.70

66.00

75

Planting

1

5.81

5.90

254.00

21

Conversions,

Permits to occupy Land for Agriculture,

6

•28

14.90

107.43

75

16

25

35.92

90.10

5

117

216

34.03

156.20

1

"}

""

"3

>>

Building, etc.

9

9

*38

44.22

1

Granted on Lease-Cemetery

1

1

*69

1.00

75

-

J 4 -

4

Heading.

No. of Sales,

Permits, etc.

No. of Lots.

Table B,---Continued.

Area.

Acres.

Exchanges

1

Stone Quarry Leases

1

12

*03

76.00

Surrenders

25

3.29

Resumptions

521

14:41

Stone Quarry Permits

80

Permits to obtain Earth, etc.

99

Water Wheel Licences

5

Matshed Permits

80

1.27

Ferry Licences

5

Forestry Licences

461

2,945'19

Pineapple Land Leases

20

15.05

Grave Certificates

158

Deeds Registered and Fees

2,957

Increase of

Annual Rent.

€9

C.

1,000.00

Decrease of Annual Rent.

28.79

L

37.14

Amount of Premia, Fees,

etc.

Amount paid for Resump- tion of Land.

Term of Years.

SA

119.00

105.00

5.00

107.00

9.00

3,090.58

45.15

76.00

1,727.20

تم

75

1

6,850.39

انت

J 5

J 6

Table C.

Revenue, 1918.

$.

C.

Crown Rent.....

81,245.49

Kerosene Oil Licences

296.00

Average of Revenue

for 1913-1917.

$ C. 80,071.32

295.00

Chinese Wines and Spirits

3,962.50

3,887.90

Distillery Licences

2,772.50

2.702.50

Pawnbrokers' Licences

800.00

1,520.00

Money Changers' Licences

650.00

602.00

Fines

1,276.00

1,559.50

Forfeitures

271.94

154.76

Forfeitures (Land Sales)

60.00

50.45

Distress Warrants

140.00

33.20

Distress Warrants (Crown Rent)

12.00

40.60

House Rent....

1,155.50

400.03

Liquor Duties

9.206.00

7,422.86

Reward Fund (Opium)

30.00

144.00

Arms Fine Fund

100.00

158.50

Arrears of Revenue

Nil.

13.28

Rent of Government Furnitures

56.00

Nil.

Debts and Bankrupt Estates in

Court

65.13

Nil.

Unclaimed Compensation

2.00

7.54

Forestry Licences

3,090.58

3.113.66

Permits to cut earth, etc.

105.00

114.00

Mining Licence

250.00

Nil.

Grave Certificates

76.00

89.65

Pineapple Land Leases

45.15

40.40

Matshed Permits

107.00

93.20

Permits to occupy land

434.17

311.86

Stone Quarry Permits

119.00

169.45

Stone Quarry Leases

1.108.34

497.28

Water Wheel Licences

5.00

6.20

Ferry Licences

9.00

10.80

Certified Extracts

92.00

100.60

Sunprints

35.00

78.00

Premia on Land Sales

10,940.43

20,143.31

Stamps for Deeds

1,727.20

1,656.66

Total

.$120,244.93

$125,488.51

J 7

Table D.

Revenue collected from 1903-1918.

1909...

$ 97,962.21

1910.....

101,032.40

1911....

102,960.60

1912..

106,607.67

1913.

111,301.72

1914 ....

108,455.14

1915

112,075.71

1916.......

174,153.77 *

1917....

117,095.84

1918......

120,244.93

* One large lot at Ping Shan sold for $48,600.

J 8

Table E.

Rainfall at Tai Po

Average of rainfall

Police Station, 1918.

from 1913-1917.

Inches.

Inches.

January

January

1.42

February

•22

February..

2.01

March

1.29 March...

3.19

April

4.65

April

5.19

May

7.66

May

12.90

June

23.64

June

21:55

July

31.87

July

23.90

August......

40.48

August....

9.96

September

13.17

September

11.50

October

.85

October

3.12

November

5.74

November

3.36

December

•58

December

3.52

Total Rainfall 130-15

Total Average... 101.62

----

J 9

B.-SOUTHERN DISTRICT.

L-STAFF.

I had charge of this office until August 26th, Mr. Eldon Potter from then to November 27th, and I then took charge again for the rest of the year.

Mr. A. Blaikley, (Private, 25th Middlesex Regiment), tem- porarily acted as Land Bailift until 1st April, when he resigned. Mr. Creamer (Private, 25th Middlesex Regiment) was then second- ed to act in his place until 25th July, when he (Mr. Creamer) was required by the Military Authorities. On 19th December Mr. J. Grant (Private, Manchester Regiment) was transferred to this office and acted, also temporarily, until the end of the year.

On 9th April, Mr. Man Ching-hei, 5th Grade Clerk in this office, took over the duties of Mr. Sui Cheuk-hin, 5th Grade Clerk and Shroff, who resigned on that date. On 24th April, Mr. Chan Un-hau was appointed to take the place of the former.

II.

MAGISTRACY.

The Assistant District Officer sitting us Police Magistrate heard during the year 168 cases affecting 294 persons. 254 persons were convicted or bound over and 40 were discharged.

The following table gives a comparison with 1916 and 1917:—

1916.

1917.

1918.

No. of cases

129

133

168

No. of persons affected

188

218

294

No. of persons convicted

ΟΙ

bound over

142

162

219

No. of persons discharged

25

21

10

No. of persons imprisoned Fines

Arms Fines

17

30

35

$1.163.52

$605.02

$641.19

$93.86 $447.00

Opium Fines paid to the Govern-

ment Reward Fund

Forfeitures

$35.00 $1,399.79

$218.94 $131.75 $118.34

III.-SMALL DEBTS COURT.

108 cases were instituted during the year as compared with 78 in 1917 and 110 in 1916. Courts were held as usual in the District during the year. I find many of these cases are brought rather to obtain official record of the debt than to obtain immediate payment.

IV-LAND OFFICE.

The number of sales of land and other transactions affecting land which took place during 1918 are set forth in Table A.

J 10

1,631 deeds were registered during the year as compared with 1,487 in 1917. This is again the highest number on record. Re- gistration fees for 1918 were $1,848.10 as compared with $1,868.40

in 1917.

The only noticeable land transactions during the year were the sales of some 72,185 square feet of land at Chuk Un, Kowloon Ctiy.

V.-REVENUE.

The total revenue collected by the Assistant District Officer is shown in Table B, and corresponds to that collected last year very closely. The Special War Rate has been collected during the whole year and accounts for an increase of about $5,000 over 1917, in which year it was only exacted for the last two quarters. This item balances the unusual miscellaneous receipt of $5,000 from the sale of derelict guns. A re-assessment of rates in Sham Shui Po and Kowloon City accounts for the increase in Assessed Taxes.

Table C gives details of revenue collected in Licence Fees by the Police in 1917 and 1918.

Table D shows the revenue collected in 1917 and 1918 in the District by all Departments other than the District Office and in- cludes the totals of Table C.

Table E shows comparatively the total revenue collected from the Southern District by all Departments during the last three years.

VI.-- LIQUOR.

Liquor duties were collected in the Southern District dur- ing 1918 amounting to $162,601.57. The total for 1917 was $197,148.94.

The chief sources of this Revenue are given in the following table which shows comparatively the totals of the last three years:

No. of Dis-

District.

tilleries in 1918.

Revenue 1916.

Revenue

Revenue

1917.

1918.

$

$$

མི་

Sham Shui Po

58,233

52,564 42,652

Kowloon City

1

12,069

12,944

12,073

Tsun Wan

11

70.323

64,576

60,031

Kwai Chung

2

40,355

41,672

26,062

Kap Shui Mun

405

309

426

Cheung Chau

20,347

22,055

18,668

Tai O

2,201

2,128

2,077

Hang Hau

506

494

346

Po Toi

39

256

129

Tsing I

I

147

132

1

J 11

The decrease in production is due to the high price of molasses, resulting from shortage in shipping, and to the increased cost of rice. A considerable quantity of this liquor is exported for Hong- kong consumption.

www.

VII.--GENERAL.

Crops. Both crops of padi were poor, the first noticeably so. The pineapple season was again poor owing to inclement weather.

Trade.—Trade has not been good during the year, owing to the poor crops and fishing season.

Tai 0.-The year from a business point of view is said to have been the worst for 20 years.

The Lad fishing season seems to account for this. The salt pans only produced 21,481 piculs of salt as against 30,640 last year. In August Sergeant Glendinning who was in charge was shot down by an Indian Constable who subsequently set the Station on fire and committed suicide on the arrival of the Police Launch. Besides this lamentable occurrence, there were 11 larcenies, but all these serious crimes were the work of persons non-resident in the district. The electric light works were completed and the supply started at the end of the year. The market should be ready to open in June, and after it has found its level should prosper. The usual rush for a new market will probably force stall-rents up to an unreal figure at first.

Cheung Chuu, (Dumb-bell Island).-The crops and fishing were bad and trade in consequence none too good. The market however is doing well. On January 10th, a large fire occurred in the village, destroying 17 shops and houses. Fortunately, there was no loss of life, but damage to the extent of $100,000 is said to have been done. This was not covered by insurance. The foreshore has now been reclaimed on the scene of the fire and 10 improved shops have been erected fronting on a 20 foot main street. It is hoped in time to extend this street for the whole length of the village. A more powerful electric light plant has been installed. European visitors increase and this undoubtedly tends to bring more money to the village. Steps are being taken to develop the Eastern end of the island as a summer resort. The health of the place maintained the level of 1917.

Tsün Wan.-The crops, both of padi and pineapple, were poor and business poor in consequence. Fish is only caught for local consumption. The lime-kilns at Ping Chau did good business during the year. The road has proved a great convenience, although the heavy rains of the summer caused a good deal of trouble. The connection with the Fan Ling, Au Tau, Castle Peak Road should be made in 1919. The district has been very quiet during

the year.

J 12

Lamma.-This island has experienced a most prosperous year. Cattle, pigs, and poultry are reared for the Hongkong market and the business has been good. The padi crops were good, and various pumelo plantations in the island have produced about 3,000 fruit. I am of opinion that the cultivation of this fruit might receive more attention than it does in the Southern District. Grass-cutting again has been an important industry. The grass, which is sold for boat-breaming purposes, fetches about 60 cents per picul. Not a single crime was reported to the Police during the year.

E. W. HAMILTON, Assistant District Officer,

Southern District.

29th March, 1919.

3

Table A.

No. of

Increase

Decrease

Amount

Sales,

No. Area

of

of

of

Heading.

Permits, of Licences, Lots. Acres.

in

Crown

Crown

Rent.

Rent.

Premia,

Fees, &c.

&c.

Amount

paid for

Resump-

tion of

Land.

Term

of

years.

— J 13 -

C.

c.

C.

Land Sales, Agricultural, (New Kowloon)

33

"}

>>

Building, (Islands)

27

212

10

28

13

Agricultural, (Islands)

1

9201

1.49

2.60

652.00

75

*27

.90

113.00

21

'61

38.50

228.00

75

*50

.50

550,00

75

DARK

Conversions from Agricultural to Building Land, (New Kowloon)..

*22

36.00

272.13

(Islands)

*06

14.00

">

Stone Quarry Leases

261.33

955.00

Matshed Permits

584

809.75

Earth Permits

78

65.00

Water Wheel Licences

31

31.00

Grave Certificates

Forestry Licences

Pineapple Land Leases

Doeds Registered

Resumption Surrender

Re-entry

13

5.00

107

1,707.44

404

1,631

175

3:1208-

986.67

1,859.02

10.65

1.42

*42

154.22

5.78

42.00

31,436.92

.

J 14

Table B.

Revenue collected by the Assistant District Officer, Southern District,

New Territories.

1917.

1918.

e.

$

c.

Land Sales

Crown Rent

2,251.60

1,952.13

27.275.86 28,314.41

Special War Ratės ...

Assessed Taxes

Lease of Stone Quarries...

Forestry Licences

Earth Permits...

3,939.42 8,607.00

9,386.99 10,393.45

943.50

829.20

:

1,706.19

1,707.44

114.00

65.00

Matshed Permits

776.25 809.75

Permit to occupy Land

930.07 997.09

Pineapple Licences...

1,050.74 986.67

Registration Fees

1,868.40

1,848.10

Distress Warrants, (Crown Rent)

61.00

29.00

Distress Warrants, (Small Debts)...

16.00

28.00

Writs of Summons

101.00

135.00

Fines, (Police Court)

605.02

641.19

Forfeitures

178.57

118.34

Certified Copy of Record

10.92

Certified Extracts

37.00

33.00

Grave Certificates

4.75

5.00

Miscellaneous Receipts

5,270.60.

6.00

A. D. O./S., Deposit Interest...

38.62

119.56

Legal Costs

15.00

5.00

Sunprint Plans

85.00

20.00

Boundary Stones

328.80

151.80

Water Wheel Licences

2.00

31.00

Reward Fund, (Opium Fines)

1,399.79

Arms Fine Fund

Building Plans...

93.86

1.00

447.00

Total...

$58,481.03 $58,291.05

Table C.

Licence Fees collected by the Police Department.

J 15

Station.

Distilleries.

Wine and

Spirit.

Kerosine.

Eating

Pawn

Money

House.

Dogs.

Chan-

Total.

Brokers.

gers.

$

C.

$

C.

CA

$

·CA

ရာ

$ C.

1917

Kowloon City

800.00

3,150.00

64

25

279

1,500

5,818.00

1918

400.00

3,150.00

54

25

74

2,250

5,953.00

1917

800.00

Sham Shui Po

4,400.00

47

35

477

2,000

7,759.00

1918

800.00

5,200.00

45

40

174

4,000

10,259.00

1917

50.00

700.00

58

400

50

Tai O

1918

50.00

575.00

400

60

1917

137.00

Cheung Chau

1,075.00

86

800

40

1918

149.00

999.00

41

800

40

1917

605.50

Tsun Wan

450.00

20

1918

635.25

506.25

2838

10

88999

1,258.00

1,118.00

2,138.00

2,029.00

1,085.50

10

1,174.50

1917

25.00

Po Toi

25.00

50,00

1918

Yung Shu Wan,

1917

87.50

87.50

Lamma Island

1918

75.00

75.00

1917

Total

2,417.50 9,887.50

275

60

1918

2,034.25 10,505.25

196

65

39993

756

4,700

100

18,196.00

248

7,450

110

20,608.50

J 16

Table D.

Revenue collected through Other Departments from the

New Territories, Southern District.

1917.

$

c.

1918.

$3

c.

Treasury, (Crown Rent for Inland Lots)... Treasury, (Quarries in New Kowloon) Harbour Office, (Harbour Dues, Stake Nets,

&c.)

Police, (Licence Fees)..

13,141.23

14,767.65

9,269.62 10,704.16

24,783.25 18,196.00* 20,638.50*

24,555.80

Imports and Exports Office, (Liquor Duties) 197,148.94 162,601.57

Total,...

* See Table C.

..$262,539.04 $233,267.68

Table E.

Total Revenue collected from Southern District, New Territories, during the last three years.

By Assistant District Office,

By Other Departments,

Total,

1916.

$

1917.

1918.

C.

C.

58,481.03

$ c. 58,291.05

48,911.24†

346,704.59§ 262,539.04§ 233,267.68§

$395,615.83 321,020.07 291,558.73

Excluding Registration Fees.

§ See Table D.

4

་་

*

1

*

Appendix K.

REPORT OF THE CAPTAIN SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE FOR THE YEAR 1918.

The total of all cases reported to the Police during the year 1918 was 8,449 as against 9,508 in 1917 being a decrease of 1,059 or 11.14 per cent. The average for the last five years is 9,510.6.

In the division of these cases into Serious and Minor Offences, there appears an increase, as compared with 1917, of 153 cases or 4.47 per cent in the former and a decrease of 1,212 cases or 19.93 per cent in the latter.

The increase and decrease as compared with 1917 in Serious Offences are shown as follows

Increase.

w

Murder...

Robbery

13

19

Assault with intent to rob ...

Kidnapping and Offences against Ord. 11 of 1890 (Protection of Women and Children)

2

41

Larceny

217

-292

Decrease.

Burglary and Larceny from Dwelling Unlawful Possession

96

34

Other Felonies

9

-139

Nett increase...

153

2. Table I shows the number and character of the Serious and Minor Offences reported to the Police during 1917 and 1918 and number of persons convicted and discharged in connection with these offences.

MURDER.

3. Twenty-four murders were reported to the Police during the year as against 11 in 1917.

In connection with 12 of these reports, no arrest was made, and in the remaining 12 cases, arrests were made. There were 5 cases in which convictions were obtained (8 persons of whom 7 were convicted and 1 discharged). In 7 cases there was no conviction (10 persons).

K 2

MANSLAUGHTER.

4. Four manslaughters were reported to the Police during the year as against 7 in 1917.

In all of these cases, arrests were made. There were 2 cases in which convictions were obtained (3 persons of whom 2 were convicted and 1 discharged). In 2 cases there was no conviction (2 persons).

GANG ROBBERIES.

5. Forty-three gang robberies were reported to the Police during the year as against 35 in 1917.

In 33 cases, no arrest was made: in the remaining 10 cases, arrests were made. There were 8 cases in which convictions were obtained (32 persons of whom 18 were convicted and 14 discharged). In 2 cases there was no conviction (2 persons).

STREET AND HIGHWAY ROBBERIES.

6. Twenty-seven street and highway robberies were reported to the Police during the year as against 25 in 1917.

In 22 cases, no arrest was made: in the remaining 5 cases, arrests were made. There were 3 cases in which convictions were obtained (6 persons of whom 5 were convicted and one discharged). In 2 cases there was no conviction (3 persons).

ROBBERIES ON BOATS AND JUNKS.

7. Fourteen cases of robbery on boats and junks were reported to the Police during the year as against 10 in 1917.

In 10 cases, no arrest was made: in the remaining 4 cases, arrests were made. In all of these four cases, convictions were obtained (9 persons of whom 7 were convicted and 2 discharged)..

ROBBERIES WITH VIOLENCE.

8. Five cases of robbery with violence were reported to the Police during the year as against none in 1917.

In 3 cases, no arrest was made in the remaining 2 cases, arrests were made. In these two cases, convictions were obtained (3 persons all of whom were convicted).

K 3

OTHER FELONIES.

9. Under this heading are comprised the following:--

Cutting and wounding

1918. 1917.

24 21

Demanding money with menaces

2 9

Embezzlement...

28

38

Forgery

13

16

House-breaking

60

51

Throwing corrosive fluid

1

Receiving stolen property

54

54

robbery

Rape...

Child-stealing...

Accessory after the fact of kidnapping and

Shooting with intent to kill

Possession of explosive substance...

Administering poison to procure abortion

Attempting to shoot with intent to prevent

lawful apprehension.

Possession of dies for coining

Aiding and abetting in a robbery

15

10

...

1

1

1

.2

1

1

1

1

Abominable Offences

201 207

The number of cases in which convictions were obtained was 73 as against 82 in 1917.

GAMBLING.

10. Eighty-seven Gambling Warrants were executed as against 121 in 1917. There were 5 cases in which no conviction was obtained. Six were lottery cases, compared with 3 in 1917.

PROPERTY REPORTED STOLEN AND PROPERTY RECOVERED.

11. The estimated value of property stolen during the year was $295,301.00 as against $288,722.00 in 1917, an increase of $6,579.00.

The average for the last five years is $247, 586, an increase on the average reported in 1917 of $3,818.00.

The value of property recovered during the year was $41,847.00 as against $41,167.00 in 1917, an increase over property recovered in the previous year of $ 680.00.

K 4-

LOST PROPERTY.

12. The following is a return showing property lost or recovered:-

Articles re-

covered and

Articles

articles

Value

Year.

reported Value lost. found which

found.

lost.

were not reported lost.

1918...

...

268 $14,054.00

100

$3,283.00

1917...

303 24,994.00

99

4,117.00

THE PIRACY ORDINANCE.

13. Number of searchers employed under the Prevention of Piracy Ordinance, 1914:-

Searching vessels and in charge of Chinese searchers:

European Lance Sergeant

European Acting Lance Sergeants

...

Chinese Constables

Female Searchers

Female Searcher (private)

...

...

...

1

3

...

30

6

1

The European Lance Sergeant and the three European Acting Lance Sergeants assist in Pass Work (examination of passengers leaving the Colony).

Number of Guards employed up to 31st December, 1918:-

One European Lance Sergeant in Charge.

Steamer Guards

...

Steam Launch Guards

188

...

22

Number of vessels which have entered into a bond up to 31st December, 1918:-

Steamers

Steam Launches

:

176

...

28

K 5

14. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

Weights and Measures

examined during

the year 1918.

Foreign Scales

Chinese Scales

Yard Measures

Chek Measures

Total

:

:

:

:

Correct. Incorrect.

Total.

261

2

263

1,603

35

1,638

550

Nil.

550

1,063

Nil.

1,063

3,477

37

3,514

The following prosecutions were instituted under the Weights and Measures Ordinance :-

Number of Cases.

30

Convictions.

30

Fines.

$362.00

DANGEROUS GOODS ORDINANCE.

15. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Dan- gerous Goods Ordinance:

Number of Cases.

17

Convictions.

17

Fines.

$348.00

FOOD AND DRUGS ORDINANCE,

16. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Food and Drugs Ordinance :-

Number of Cases.

Fines.

1

Convictions.

1

$50.00

- K 6

Samples purchased and sent to the Government Analyst:

Brandy Rum Beer Gin

Whisky Sherry Port

7

5

6

11

2

All the above samples were certified to be genuine with the exception of one sample of whisky purchased from H. Honda which was found to be deficient in the amount of higher alcohols. The firm was prosecuted and fined $50.00.

TRAFFIC REGULATIONS.

17. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Traffic Regulations, (Notification No. 359 in the Gazette of the 6th December, 1912, since repealed by Notification No. 141 of the 7th April, 1916):-

tions

Prosecu- Convic-

tions

Result :

Withdrawn Discharged Remanded

Fine

1,985

1,867

48

66

4

7,500.50.

MENDICANTS.

18. Forty-eight (48) beggars were dealt with by the Magistrate, and 510 were sent to Canton as follows :—

How often sent away.

Canton.

Once

Twice ...

Four times ...

Five times

Six times

Total...

:

:

485

22

1

1

1

510

DEAD BODIES.

19. Table II shows the number of unknown dead bodies found by the Police in the streets and elsewhere during the year.

:

- K 7

DEPORTEES AND VAGRANTS.

20. 718 persons were banished from Hongkong.

684 persons deported from Singapore were sent on by

the Police.

3 persons deported from British North Borneo were

sent on by the Police.

315 vagrants were received from Singapore and sent on

by the Police.

253 vagrants were received from Dutch East Indies and

sent on by the Police.

845 vagrants were received from Saigon and sent on by

the Police.

45 coolies were received from Singapore and sent on

by the Police.

LICENCES.

21. The following licences were issued during 1918:-

1,150 Hongkong Jinrikishas.

1,056 Private Jinrikishas.

600 Kowloon Jinrikishas.

60 Sze Ka Che Jinrikishas, (Brothel). 800 Hongkong Chairs.

265 Private Chairs.

60 Hill District Chairs. 28,078 Drivers and Bearers.

1,245 Truck Licences.

7 Private Vehicles. 80 Motor Cars, (Livery). 104 Motor Cars, (Private). 246 Motor Car Drivers. 147 Motor Cycle Licences. 165 Motor Cycle Drivers.

3 Auctioneers.

4 Licences to store Acetone.

8 Billiard Tables or Bowling Alleys.

1 Brewery.

18 Licences to store Calcium Carbine.

2 Licences to store Chlorate Mixture.

3 Licences to store Chlorate of Potassium and other

Chlorates.

8 Licences to store Compressed Oxygen.

81 Licences to store Detonators.

8 Licences to store Dissolved Acetylene. 9 Distillery Licences, (Old Territories). 25 Distillery Licences, (New Territories).

;

K 8

79 Licences to store Dynamite.

60 Licences to store Ether and Alcoholic Liquids. 174 Licences to shoot and take game.

9 Licences to store Gunpowder.

10 Licences to store Kerosine Oil, (in Godown). 1,231 Licences to store Kerosine Oil, (Ordinary).

85 Licences to store Kerosine Oil, (New Territories). 37 Marine Stores.

218 Money Changers.

26 Licences to, store Naphtha and Benzine.

35 Licences to store Naphtha and Benzine, (in Garage).

2 Licences to store Nitrobenzine or Oil of Mirbane. 107 Pawnbrokers.

5 Licences to store Petroleum in bulk.

2 Licences to store Petroleum in fuel.

2 Licences to store Phosphorus.

9 Licences to store Rockets.

20 Poison, (Wholesale).

285 Spirit, (Chinese, Old Territories).

89 Spirit, (Chinese, New Territories).

31 Licences to store Sulphuric Acid and Nitric Acid. 11,324 Hawkers.

DOGS ORDINANCE.

22. 2,377 dogs were licensed during 1918.

3 watch dogs were licensed free of charge.

65 stray dogs were impounded, 38 were sent to the

Dogs' Home, and 123 were destroyed.

ARMS ORDINANCE.

23. Two licences to import and deal in arms and one to deal in sporting arms and ammunition were issued during 1918. During the whole year a Proclamation has been in force prohibiting the export of warlike stores from the Colony. The following arms and ammunition were confiscated during the year. :-

7* Winchester rifles, 4 rifles, 1 incomplete Mauser pistol, 6 automatic pistols, 23 revolvers, 1,372 rounds of various rifle ammunition, 620 rounds of automatic pistol ammunition, 2,792 rounds of Mauser pistol ammunition, and 1,928 rounds of revolver ammunition.

EDUCATION.

24. During the year 4 European and 90 Indian Police obtained certificates for knowledge of Chinese, 34 Indians obtained certificates for English, and 1 Chinese obtained a certificate for English.

K 9

MUSKETRY.

i

25. The Europeans and Indians were put through the usual course of musketry and 15 Europeans and 71 Indians passed as qualified marksmen.

IDENTIFICATION BY FINGER IMPRESSIONS.

26. One thousand and fifty persons (1,050) were identified as having previous convictions against them, an increase of 208 as compared with 1917.

Sixty-nine (69) identifications were those of criminals who had returned from banishment.

CONDUCT.

27. The conduct of the European Contingent (average strength 159) was good. The total number of reports against them was 15 as against 15 in 1917. There was one report for being drunk or under the influence of drink as against one in 1917. reported for sleeping on duty as against one, and one for neglect of duty as against two.

Two were

The conduct of the Indian Contingent (average strength 481) was good. There were 262 reports as against 228 for the preceding year. For drunkenness there were 5 as against 5, for disorderly conduct 24 as against 29, for neglect of duty 23 as against 15, for absence from duty 44 as against 45, for gossiping and idling on duty 60 as against 35, and for sleeping on duty 24 as against 28. 251 men had no report. Two Indian Lance Sergeants and one Con- stable were convicted by the Police Magistrate (dismissed from the Force) for neglect of duty as Police Constables during the Tai O Affair, and one Constable for assault.

The behaviour of the Chinese Contingent (average strength. 408) was fair. There were altogether 1,217 reports as against 1,073 in 1917. For drunkenness there was none as against one, 136 for sleeping on duty as against 122, 19 for disorderly conduct as against 32, and 536 for minor offences as against 499. 162 men had no report.

Eight Chinese Constables were convicted by the Police Magis- trate (5 dismissed from the Force), one for desertion, one for exporting opium to Canton, one for aiding and abetting a sampan woman in moving about the Harbour during official night, two for misconduct as Police Constables, one for larceny, one for assault, and one for being absent without leave.

The seamen, coxswains, engineers, and stokers (average strength 180) had 232 reports as compared with 165 for last year. For drunkenness there was none as against none in 1917 and 177 for absence from station and late for duty as against 144 in the previous year. 78 men had no report recorded against them.

One seaman was convicted by the Police Magistrate for mis- conduct as a Police Constable (dismissed from the Force).

i

-K 10

REWARDS.

28. Fourth Class Medal was granted to an Indian Constable B332 Tara Singh for conspicuous courage shown by him in follow- ing an armed robber into a house in the endeavour to arrest him during the Gresson Street Affray. Belilios Bronze Medals, with $25 each, were awarded to Indian Constable B369 Maji Khan and Chinese Constable C122 Tsang Sui for the rescue of two persons from drowning. A reward of $25 was given to Chinese Constable C108 Lau Tai-sau for the rescue of a man from drowning. A reward of $10 was given to Chinese Constable C26 Leung Kam- tong for zeal and activity in effecting the arrest of a burglar.

29. From 1915 up to the end of the year, 69 members of the Hongkong Police Force had enlisted for Active Service.

The following members of this Force were killed while on Active Service:

P.C. A25 Herbert G. Wakeford, K.R.R., killed on 17.5.16

A52 Arthur Allchurch,

وو

وو

A27 Ernest George Painting A114 Peter Boyd Gardiner, R.F.C.

1.7.16

1.7.16

32

25

4.12.16

""

""

A125 Harold Wilson,

27.7.16

>>

""

A128 Ernest Bloor, (Prisoner of War).

A124 Ernest Frederick Drury,

17.2.17

**

A155 Robert Edwards,

30.4.17

25

دو

A120 Edward Charles Sillas,

1.8.17

""

**

">

A81 John Delahuntey,

9.10.17

HEALTH.

30. Admissions to Hospital during the last three years were as follows:--

1916.

1917.

1918.

Nationality.

Establish- ment of the Force.

Admis- sions.

Establish- ment of the Force.

Admis- sions.

Establish- ment of the Force.

Admis- sions.

Europeans,...

165

55

160

63

159

72

Indians,.

463

368

481

360

481

369

Chinese,..

587

121

588

141

588

254

Return of Police treated in Government Civil Hospital for

Fever or Dengue Fever from the 1st January to 31st December, 1918:-

Old Territories.

New Territories.

Nationality.

Establishment of the Force.

Treated.

Establishment of the Force.

Treated.

Europeans,

Indians,

Chinese,

143

5

16

2

360

39

121

31

552

15

36

*

+

-

K 11

In addition to cases treated in Hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever the cases treated for Fever in the various Stations in the New Territories without being removed to Hospital were :-

Europeans 10, Indians 120, Chinese 27.

SPECIAL EVENTS.

31. On the morning of January 22nd on information obtained by the Police that various articles of stolen property, the loss of which had been previously reported, were likely to be found at the headquarters of a robber gang on the upper floor of No. 6 Gresson Street, a party of Police under the late Detective In- spector M. O'Sullivan and Detective Sergeant Clarke went to the address above mentioned, with the intention of instituting a search. A pitched-battle ensued in which (1) Inspector M. O'Sullivan, (2) P.S. 87 H.G. Clarke, (3) C.C. 88 Kwong Kui, (4) C.C. 29 Kwong Sang (who died of wounds two days afterwards), and (5) I.P.C. 402 Moola Singh were killed.

I.P.C. 332 Tara Singh who was shot in the thigh was per- manently disabled and had to be invalided on a special pension. It was also found necessary to pension off Principal Chinese Detective Sun Tai who was shot in the hand. P.S. A63 R. H. Wills was shot in the leg and had to be treated twice in the Civil Hospital. C.C. 157 Lo Hoi and C.C. 45 Tang Wui were slightly hurt. The robbers accounted for were as follows:-

(1) One robber was shot and killed by Sergeant Marriott

(of the Naval Yard).

(2) One robber shot himself dead when he found that he

could not escape.

(3) One robber who was shot was conveyed to Government

Civil Hospital and died shortly afterwards.

(4) A robber who ran up the hillside was finally caught.

He was tried at the Criminal Sessions but for want of sufficient evidence he was discharged and banished. (5) Two robbers are believed to have made their escape.

In connection with this affray, it may reasonably be concluded that the late P.C. Johnston met his death at the hands of the same band of robbers just 10 days previously, the suggestion being that he was shot dead by one or more robbers in the street on duty when he was trying to search their persons on suspicion.

32. On 17th July, P.S. 48 T. Glendinning was shot dead by I.P.C. 18 Teja Singh in the Charge Room of Tai O Police Station. The Constable then proceeded to set fire to the Station, which had been abandoned by the Native Police. A Police patrol launch, which was in the vicinity, was summoned, and on its arrival, I.P.C. 18 committed suicide. The Station was considerably damaged by fire. I.P.C. 18 was, at the time of the murder, under remand on a charge of larceny preferred against him by Sergeant Glendinning. This evidently preyed on his mind.

K 12.

33. On February 26th the disastrous collapse and fire at the Race Course occurred, causing a very serious loss of life and leav- ing a record of sorrow in the family circles of practically every nationality represented in the Community.

EXECUTIVE STAFF.

34. From July 17th to September 5th, when Mr. C. Mel. Messer was on leave, Mr. P. P. J. Wodehouse acted as Captain Superintendent of Police and Mr. T. H. King acted as Deputy Superintendent. The Honourable Captain Superintendent of Police Mr. C. McI. Messer left the Police Force to act as Colonial Treasurer on the 11th December and Mr. E. D. C. Wolfe was appointed to act in his place.

TEMPORARY STAFF.

35. In accordance with arrangements sanctioned by His Ex- cellency the Governor and His Excellency the General Officer Commanding, from the 18th March onwards 23 men from the local British Infantry Regiment have been attached to the Police for special service. Owing to demobilization, men who had been fairly trained for Police duty had to return to their units and new men were sent to take their places.

HONGKONG POLICE REServe.

36. During the year the Police Reserve continued to patrol the streets from 6 p.m. to 12 midnight, about 60 men doing duty every evening, each man doing 3 hours duty. 23 men received commendations for zeal and activity or for other specially good work as against 7 in 1917.

E. D. C. WOLFE, Captain Superintendent of Police.

1st May, 1919.

Annexe A.

REPORT ON THE WATER POLICE.

1. The four large Cruising Police Launches Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4 have been all thoroughly overhauled during the year besides being slipped quarterly, when all minor repairs are effected. These launches are now in good running order except No. 3, which launch is showing bad signs of wear and tear and should, in my opinion, be replaced at an early date.

7

K 13

www.

2. The Harbour patrol launches Nos. 5 and 7 have run con- tinually on the Harbour Beats during the year. They have been overhauled and are in a satisfactory condition. The Prize launch "Hapag" borrowed from the Prize Court has been of great service to the Water Police during the year and has enabled Nos. 6 and 8 Police Launches to be laid up, thus saving a considerable amount of repairs, as these launches require a big upkeep and are practical- ly useless for Police purposes. They will be sold and replaced by a fast motor launch which is to be built shortly. The "Hapag is a type of launch very suitable for Police work, fast, handy, and useful, both for Harbour patrol and outside patrol when necessary. The two Police motor boats Nos. 9 and 10 are now running in good order. They have run well generally during the year, due to the appointment of a motor mechanic to the Police Slipyard at Yaumati, who keeps them tuned up and saves a considerable amount annually in outside motor repairs.

3. All pulling boats and gear are in good order and condition. During the year No. 2 Police launch has carried out most of her night patrols in Deep Bay. This launch was fitted, early in the year, with a searchlight and dynamo. The searchlight is specially valuable for police work in this area.

4. Rifle and maxim gun practices have been carried out at a mark on a modified scale, owing to the shortness of ammunition, by Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4 launches.

5. Signalling (during day by flags and during night by lamps) has been carried out between the various launches and land stations frequently during the year.

6. The Special Police attached to the Water Police are still carrying on the work of the members who left to go to the Front and do so with much credit to themselves and the Force.

7. I made a thorough inspection of the Police Fleet in Octo- ber last and reported favourably on all launches except Nos. 3, 6, and 8.

8. The strength of the Water Police as it now stands is 1 Inspector, 6 Crown Sergeants, 7 Lance Sergeants, 6 European Constables, 21 Coxswains, 3 Boatswains, 75 Seamen, 22 Engineers, 19 Stokers, 2 Station Sergeants, 6 Station Orderlies, 2 Carpenters, 2 Painters, 1 Sailmaker, 4 Signalmen, 4 Detectives, and 17 Boatmen, making a total of 205 men.

C. W. BECKWITH, Commander, R.N.,

Assistant Superintendent of Water Police.

28th January, 1919.

K 14

Annexe B.

REPORT ON THE POLICE SCHOOL.

Attendance.-School has been held 94 times during the year,

the average attendance being:-

European Police Constables

Indian

*

Gaol Staff

...

:

:

:

:

:

1918.

1917.

1

...

4

11

12

16

16

28

The numbers attending are very small at present but will no doubt increase as the Force is restored to its pre-war strength.

Staff-The Staff consists of one European Master and three Indian Assistant Masters. On the 15th December, Mr. Abdullah proceeded on leave his place being filled by Mr. Fateh Mahomed.

Studies.--No changes to report.

Certificates of Exemption. -During the year the following certificates of exemption have been obtained

European Police Constables... Indian

""

Gaol Staff

:-

:

:

:

:

:

:

1918.

1917.

0

6

24

19

6

6

30

31

Discipline.--The discipline of the men attending is quite

satisfactory.

5th February, 1919.

E. J. EDWARDS,

Master-in-charge.

1917.

Minor Offences.

K 15

Table I.

RETURN OF SERIOUS AND MINOR OFFENCES REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN COMMITTED DURING THE YEARS 1917 AND 1918.

Serious Offences.

Gambling.

Drunkenness.

Nuisances.

Miscellaneous

Offences.

Total of

all cases.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Robbery with Violence and Assault with

Larcenies and

Burglaries.

intent to rob.

Larcenies in

Dwelling-

Houses.

Other

Felonies.

Women

and Girls

Protection

Unlawful

Possession.

Kidnapping.

Assault and Disorderly

Conduct.

Ordinance.

Cases.

Europeans and Americans,

Indians,

Chinese,

Convicted.

Discharged.

:

:

73 39

10

4

8

11

13

7 5 4

:

:

394 546 76|315| 1,582 | 175

:

3

:

:

12 131 17

6

CO

6

4 2,609

to

1

:

4 2 2 3 2

1 1

:

I

:

986 258222118 68 53 45 12322 281 79

:

:

:

...

:

:

:

:

18

:སྨྲ

12 | 131 | 17 4 2,621 996 260 225|122|| 70

54 46 12322 281 79

Total,

73

39

1918.

...

:

...

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

96 14 3 | 2,776

:

4.

1

2

3

...

1,060 297 223

8990

885

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:.

93 74

34 288

246

80

パン

2 2

412|564| 80

Total,

94 39

23 96 14

32,777

1,060 | 298 | 229

92 | 94 | 93

74

34 288

246

80

2

2

Europeans and Americans,

Indians,

Chinese,

!

94 39 23

3

10

4

:

:

315 1,582 | 175 | 22

22

:

:

2

2

:

12

9

10

43

14

13

2

33

...

4,181 | 4,476|377

9,432

|1,124 1,124

:

:

1,126 1,126

...

CO

6

6

:

-I

333

~

302 512 65 |238 1,049 | 176 6

~

Co

:

312 522 66238 1,049|176| 19 19

...

:

...

4,207| 4,498|384|

9,508

:

1

I

:

551

551

...

552

552

13

15

6

7

CO

27

23

3,730 4,308 330 8,399

3,749 | 4,330|336 8,449

m.

25

VICTORIA.

KOWLOON.

Under

1 month and

one

month.

under

1 year.

1 year and under

years and

1 month

15 years and

Under one

under

years.

over.

month.

15 5 years.

and under

1 year.

1 year and

under

5 years.

K 16

Table II.

DUMPED BODIES, 1918.

HARBOUR.

ELSEWHERE.

years

and under 15 years.

15 years and over,

Under

one

1 month and under

year and under

5 years

and

15 years and

under

month.

5 years.

over,

Under one month.

under

1 month and

1 year and

5 years

and under

1 year.

15 years,

1 year.

under 5 years.

15 years and

over,

15 years.

f.

sex junk.

'm.

f.

sex junk.

sex

m.

f.

Junk.

m.

f.

mi.

f.

m.

f.

sex unk.

sex

m.

f.

m.

f.

unk.

sex junk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

sex

sex

sex

m.

f.

m.

f.

junk.

junk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

f.

sex

Junk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

unk..

sex unk.

sex

m.

f.

unk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

26

26

2

28

.20

20

104 93

10 20

7

13

21

6 | 90

63

63 46

30

6

11

3

:

9

4

1

22

27

17

2

52 33

ごと

5

13

5

11

00

4

3

2

14

11

:

S

15

27

3

:

Year.

Victoria.

Kowloon.

Harbour. Elsewhere.

Total.

Males.

Females. Unknown. Children. Adults.

1914.

154.

271

66

1915,

75

174

56

29

1916,

250

183

101

36

1917,

349

233

142

1918,

335

330

182

88

8888

60

551

331

212

408

143

334

184

139

11

274

60

570

321

239

10

470

100

74

798

397

386

15

751

47

935

509

405

21

902

33

1

.

Total.

7

2

:

935

:

K 17

Table III.

Return showing the Establishment and Casualties in the Force during the year 1918:-

Nationality.

Establishment

of the Force.

Enlistments.

Deaths.

Resignations

through

sickness.

Resignations through expiry of] terms of service or otherwise.

Dismissals or Desertions.

Total number

of Casualties.

Europeans,

159

Indians,

481

Chinese,

588 95

NDA

9

567

102

}

1

8

4

13

28

14

41

64

Total, 1,228 106

18

8

19

55

100

Including one man who died on Active Service.

This number includes the Police paid by other Departments, also the Engineers, Coxswains, Stokers, etc., but it is exclusive

of:

1 Captain Superintendent.

1 Deputy Superintendent.

1 Assistant Superintendent.

1 Assistant Superintendent, New Territories,

(seconded for Military Service since 4th March, 1917).

1 Probationer, (seconded for Military Service since 27th

January, 1917).

1 Accountant.

10 Clerks.

6 Telephone Clerks.

100 Messengers and Coolies.

8 Indians and 9 Chinese who are employed by Private Firms.

Strength on the 31st December, 1918.

Europeans.

Indians.

Chinese.

Total.

Present,

100

338

558

996

On. Active Service,...

56

56

Sick and Absent on

leave,

3

69

Excess over Estimates

11

75

380

30

102

86

Vacancies,

74

71

...

Total Establishment,

170

481

663

1,314

- K 18

Table IV.

Table showing, the Total Strength, Expenditure, and Revenue of the Police and Fire Brigade Departments for the years 1909 to 1918:-

Total Strength.

Expenditure.

Revenue Collected

Year.

by the

Police

Fire

Police

Fire

Police

Force.

Brigade.

Force.

Brigade.

Force.

$

1909......

1,054

97

564,835

72,227 125,958

1910......

1,042

103

583,847

41,548

161,420

1911......

1,102

103

,586,985

82,421 162,026

1912......

1,196

105

591,076

41,263 172,397

1913......

1,247

105

756,663

35,319 185,250

1914......

1,304

106

789,100

35,913 193,915

1915......

1,289

106

765,911

34,922 185,589

1916......

1,215

106

703,743

36,574 192,796

1917......

1,229

104

694,115

32,621 210,071

1918......

1,228

104

727,233

37,979 219,012

NOTE. No revenue is collected by the Fire Brigade.

1

K 19

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE

FIRE BRIGADE.

There were 31 Fires and 75 Incipient Fires during the year against 26 and 96 in 1917. Details are given in Table I.

The estimated damage caused by Fires was $638,415 and by Incipient Fires $1,990 and 13,500 trees, as against $373,830 and $2,914 and 150 trees in 1917.

The Brigade turned out 48 times during the year (39 in 1917). 2. There was a constant supply of water in the Fire Mains throughout the year.

3. Five Fires occurred in the Harbour during the year (none in 1917).

4. There were no prosecutions for arson during the

year.

5. There are 25 Despatch Boxes kept in different places in Victoria and 12 in Kowloon, 8 different telephones to which the Police can have access to communicate with the Central Station in the event of a fire, and 12 Street Fire Alarms.

6. I enclose copy of a report by the Engineer on the state of the Fire Engines (Annexe A).

7. The conduct of the Brigade has been good.

VOLUNTEER FIRE BRIGADE.

8. The Volunteer Fire Brigade, which was formed on the 26th January, 1917, continued to perform very useful work during the year.

24th March, 1919.

E. D. C. Wolfe, Superintendent of Fire Brigade.

Annexe A.

Hongkong, 19th February, 1919.

Sir, I have the honour to present my Annual Report on the condition of the Fire Brigade Machinery and Equipment for the year ending 31st December, 1918.

No. 1 Fire Float.

This Float has been on duty for eight years. The hull, machinery and boilers have been overhauled and repaired as found necessary during the year. The pumps and propelling engines

K 20

a re tested regularly for efficiency and are in good working order. The boilers (2) were tested by hydraulic pressure to 225 lbs. (for a working pressure of 150 lbs.) and found to be tight and in good working order.

No. 2 Fire Float.

This Float was commissioned in February 1897. The boiler is in good order but a good deal of pitting and corrosion has taken place on the inner heating surfaces, and it is likely extensive re- pairs or probably a new boiler will be required within the next year or two. The hull, propelling engine and pumps have been kept in a good state of repair and are in good working order.

Motor Fire Engine and Pump.

This Motor Engine has been on regular fire duty for nearly three years and during 1918 attended 61 fires. The pump was required only at 10 fires. 30 extra runs were made for instruction and other work, making 91 runs in all for the year.

Motor Tender.

This Motor has been in service for 7 years, attended 61 fires during 1918, and made 89 runs for instruction of new drivers and drills, collapse of buildings, etc., making a total of 150 runs for the

year.

Land Steamers Nos. 2 and 5 at Central Station,

No. 3 Land Steamer at Yaumati.

These Engines have been kept in good working order through- out the year and are regularly tested at drills for drivers and firemen.

No. 4 Land Steamer.

This Engine is on loan to the Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Company and does not come under my supervision.

Manual Pump and Equipment.

All Manual Pumps and Gear, Extension Ladders, Hose Reels, and Supply Carts are in good working order.

Fires.

Out of a total of 61 alarms it was only found necessary to use the Motor Pump on 10 occasions, the reason for this being that the speed of the Motors enable the firemen to reach the scene of the fire so quickly that it can in most cases be extinguished by a stream from the hydrants.

The Hon. Mr. E. D. C. WOLFE,

Superintendent, Fire Brigade.

D. MACDONALD,

Engineer, Fire Brigade.

K 21

Annexe B.

STRENGTH OF THE FIRE BRIGADE.

Superintendent,

Deputy Superintendent,

Assistant Superintendents,

Engineer,

...

...

...

...

Europeans.

1

1

...

2

Assistant Engineer and Station Officer,... 1

Clerk,...

...

...

...

3

.60 60

22

Chinese.

1

2

1

1

1

1

5

1

3

27

28

...

1

3

Engineer Drivers,

***

Assistant Engineer Drivers,

Fitter,

Blacksmith,

Carpenter,...

Sailmaker,

Stokers,

Overseers of Water Works,

***

Inspector of Dangerous Goods,

Assistant to Foremen, Firemen,

...

Interpreters,

Do.,

...

...

...

...

Floating Engines.

Foremen and Engine Drivers,...

**

Engineer, Engine Drivers, Coxswains, Stokers,

Seamen,

...

...

...

...

...

...

2

2

#WN N prod

1

2

3

Total, 1918,...

48

56

Total, 1917....

48

56

11

Table I.

Fires during the year 1918.

No. of Buildings Destroyed.

No.

Date.

Time.

Situation of Fire.

Damage.

Cause.

Remarks.

Wholly.

Partly.

Caused by setting light to some joss candles while being made. Unknown.

K 22 -

30,000

Grass in the house catching fire through a spark flying from the

stove.

The matsheds coming in contact with charcoal fires under the 1st floor.

Caused by cargo coolies smoking in the holds.

Unknown.

Deaths 570, re- moved to Hospit- al 52 and 135 re- ported missing.

1 10. 1. 18.

12.30 p.m.

Main Street, Cheung Chau...

40

80,000

2 11.1. 18.

3.05 a.m.

No. 12, Aberdeen

3

6,000

19 mat-

sheds and

3

3. 2. 18.

4.30 p.m.

The Chiu Kee Ship Yard at Cheung Sha Wan

26,350

Do.

several

sampans.

4

21. 2. 18.

13. 2. 18.10.00 p.m.

2.10 am.

No. 3, Buid Street

I

50,000

Do.

{sland Street, Yaumau

San Cheong Chau Bamboo Ware Yard, Port-

1

2,180

Do.

.....

16. 2. 18.-

22.2. 18.

5.00 p.m.

1.00 p.m.

Unnumbered matshed, Keung Shan, Tai O.

800

Do.

1

210

Nos. 11 and 12, Wu Shek Kok, Shau Tau Kok

8 26. 2. 18.

2.55 p.m.

{

The Matshed Race Stands at the Race Course at Wong Nei Chung

20

9

10

2. 3. 18.

15. 3. 18.

8.20 a.m.

S.S. Komahata Maru

7.00 p.m.

A house, Cheung Shing Street Un Long, Au Tau

25

:

No. Date.

Time.

Situation of Fire.

Table I,-Continued.

Fires during the year 1918.

No. of Buildings Destroyed.

Wholly. Partly.

Damage.

Cause.

Remarks.

- K 23 -

12

11 23.3. 18. |12.40 a.m. 9. 4. 18.10.07 p.m.

No. 5, Hollywood Road

13 | 10. 4, 18.

3.00 p.m.

14 26. 5. 18.

2.10 p.m.

16

20

21

15 28. 5. 18.

1. 6. 18. 12.45 a.m. 17 15. 6. 18.11.00 p.m. 18 17. 6. 18. 9.20 a.m.

1916. 7. 18. 6.00 a.m.

1. 8. 18. 4.10 a.m.

17. 8. 18. 10.40 p.m.

2.45 a.m.

Shing Hop Matshed Builders' Store Yard at the] junction of Pennington Street and Yee Wo Street near house No. 43, Yee Wo Street Ex H.M.S. Otto at the Kwong Sang Lung Ship Yard, Wong Kok

Nos. 23, 25, 27, 29, 31, and 33 Belcher's Street..

No. 29, Belcher's Street

1

1

8,500

...

Kwong Hang Cheong Timber Yard at the cor-i ner of Shan Tung and Reclamation Streets... S.S. Vitim, lying at No. B8 Buoy

100,000

Unknown.

Do.

6,000

Do.

Do.

Unknown.

350 Spontaneous combustion of the palm (

leaves.

A lighted candle coming in contact with loose cotton waste.

5 persons ad- mitted to Hospi- tal suffering from burns.

No. 259, Des Voeux Road Central..

1

1,000

Herbs on the stoves catching fire.

Nos. 39D, 39A, 39B, 39c, 39E, and 39F Belcher's Street, and 28, Praya, Kennedy Town.........} Nos. 12, 13, and 14, Beaconsfield Arcade No. 79, Hollywood Road....

6

1

245,130

Unknown.

1

2

39,500

Do.

1

1,000

Do,

22 12. 9. 18.

1.50 p.m.

No. 338, Queen's Road West

1

2,000

Do.

Table I,-Continued.

Fires during the year 1918.

No. of Buildings Destroyed.

No.

Date.

Time.

Situation of Fire.

Damage.

Cause.

Remarks.

Wholly.

Partly.

23

22.9. 18.

1.50 p.m.

24

27.9. 18.

5.03 a.m.

25

7. 10. 18.

6.15 p.m.

26 | 19. 10. 18.

4.30 a.m.

S.S. Banjei Maru No. 9

No. 111, Wing Lok Street

Unnumbered matshed, Repulse Bay, Stanley Licensed Cargo Boat No. 2988V

27

28

12. 11. 18.

18.11. 18.

1.1a.m.

No. 8, Queen Victoria Street

4.00 a.m.

S.S. Shiukoku Maru at Kowloon Bay

29

19. 11. 18.

2.45 a m.

No. 161, Queen's Road Central

Unknown.

:

20,340

Do.

6

:

Do.

1

Do.

1

10,000

Do.

:

Do.

- K 24

4,985

Do.

Upsetting of a kerosene lamp. Matshed catching fire through a spark from some burning joss papers. į

Two men jump- ed from an upper window of the house at the time of the fire. One of them died in hospital and the other was in- jured.

30 10.12. 18.

31

11. 12. 18.

7.15 p.m.

5.15 p.m.

No. 46, New Market Street..

1

3,000

...

Man Woo Stonecutters' Matshed, Aberdeen

1,070

Total Damage,

$638,415

Appendix L.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISON FOR THE YEAR 1918.

1. The number of prisoners received into prison during the year and the corresponding number for the year 1917 were as follows:--

1918.

1917.

Convicted by Ordinary Courts,

.2,717

2,701

Convicted by Court Martial,

18

4

Supreme Court for China and Korea,... High Court, Weihaiwei,

1

Debtors,

56

52

On remand or in default of finding

surety,

783

628

Totals,...

.3,577

3,386

There was an increase of 191 on the total number of admissions as compared with the year 1917. There was an increase of pri- soners convicted for larceny during the year under review, the number being 919 against 890 for the previous year.

2. The number of Revenue Grade prisoners admitted to prison was 1,240 made up as follows:-

Convicted under the Opium Ordinance,

Opium Divan Ordinance,

Gambling Ordinance,

Market Ordinance,

:>

Arms Ordinance,

"

,

Vehicles Ordinance,

Police Ordinance,

""

Sanitary By-laws,

""

Harbour Regulations,

""

Post Office Ordinance,

""

Stowaway Ordinance,

""

""

75

""

"

184

33

80

104

14

33

1

..

3

22

3

9

22

5

1

Servants Quarters Ordinance, Marine Hawkers Ordinance....

Dangerous Goods Ordinance,.. Chinese Wine & Spirit Ord..... Eating House Ordinance,

Asiatic Emigration Ordinance,

Carried forward,

525

13

525

!

L 2

Brought forward,

Convicted under the Society Ordinance,...

Scavenging and Conservancy

By-laws,....

Convicted for committing nuisance in street,......

"

23

unlawfully boarding steamers,.

under the Public Health and Building

Ordinance,

hawking without a licence,

co

2

12

5

220

3

30

3

4

19

63

7

21

>>

cruelty to animals,

keeping house for prostitution,

""

illegal pawning,.

""

paying legal fares,.

depositing rubbish in the street,

travelling on river steamers without

drunkenness,

39

trespassing,

disorderly conduct,

33

assaulting,

obstruction,

""

"

cutting trees,

""

fighting,.

mendicancy,

""

malicious damage,

21

24

8

48

61-142977

44

77

"

attempting to pass Canton Road,. under the Truck Ordinance,.

sleeping on duty,

unlawful possession of lottery tickets, unlawful possession,

"3

""

stealing,

23

>>

*

possession of implement fit for unlaw-

ful purpose,

possession of dagger without licence.. under the Counterfeit Coins Ord.,

under the Women and Girls (Protec-

tion) Ordinance,

offering bribe,

under the Pawnbrokers Ordinance,... obtaining by false pretences,

>>

23

under the Tobacco Ordinance,

"

25

catching fish with dynamite,

ללי

blasting stone in a dangerous manner,

>>

33

5

2

10 10 ON

2

NNNmd 00 00 01

5

3

soliciting in a public thoroughfare for the purpose of prostitution, ...... conveying pigwash during prohibited

hours.....

unlawfully receiving,

1

1

8

Carried forward,

1,230

L 3

+

Brought forward, 1,230

Convicted for possession of false scale,

27

">

"3

**

97

avoiding payment of Tram Car fare, impersonating,

purjury,

removing dead body without per-

mission,

embezzlement,

under the Importation and Exporta-

tion Ordinance,

1

1

1

2

1

Total,......

1,240

3. The above figures show that 49 per cent of the total admis- sions to prison were Revenue Grade prisoners.

The following table shows the number of prisoners committed to prison without the option of fine and in default of payment of fine:

In default payment of fine.

Year.

Without option of Served the

Total.

Paid full

Paid part

fine.

imprison.

fine.

fine.

ment.

1917

1,588

712

193

213

2,706

1918

1,498

892

152

196

2,738

:

4. Sixty-nine (69) juveniles were admitted during the year. In 14 cases corporal punishment was awarded. Of these 1 was sentenced to be whipped forthwith and discharged, and the re- maining 13, in addition to whipping, received sentences varying from 24 hours detention to 5 months hard labour.

5. The percentage of convicted prisoners admitted to prison with previous convictions recorded against them was 126 as compared with 15-7 for 1917.

6. There were 98 prisoners admitted who were convicted by the Police Court in the New Territories against 73 for the previous year (83 in 1916).

7. The following table shows the number of convicts in custody on the 31st December for the past 10 years, and the percentage of

L 4

the total number of prisoners in custody to the estimated population of Hongkong:-

Percentage

Year.

Estimated Number of population. convicts.

of Population.

Daily average number of prisoners.

Percentage. to

Population.

1909

428,858

180

*042

560

•130

1910

435,986

208

⚫048.

547

•125

1911

464,277

241

⚫052

595

•128

1912

467,777

222

*047

701

•149

1913

489,114

253

*052

702

*144

1914

501,304

216.

⚫044

600

•120

1915

516,870

213

*041

594

·115

1916

528,010

203

*038

638

•121

1917

535,100

209

·038

600

•112

1918

558,000

224

⚫040

601

•108

8. There were 636 punishments awarded for breach of prison discipline, as compared with 821 for the preceding year. Corporal punishment was inflicted in 5 cases for prison offences.

9. Seventy-eight (78) prisoners were whipped by order of Courts.

10. There was no escape or attempt to escape.

11. There were 8 deaths (6 natural causes, and 2 execution). 12. Long-sentence prisoners of good conduct are employed at industrial labour.

13. 8,311,745 forms were printed and issued to various Govern- ment Departments and 34,346 books bound and repaired.

14. The buildings are in good repair.

15. The conduct of both the European and Indian Staff has been very good.

16. The appliances for use in case of fire are in good condition and the water supply adequate.

17. The rules laid down for the government of the prison have been complied with.

18. I append the usual returns.

9th May, 1919.

E. D. C. WOLFE,

Superintendent.

Table I.

Return showing the Expenditure and Income for the year 1918.

EXPENDITURE,

$

¿

INCOME.

49

C.

390

Pay and allowance of officers including Uni- form, etc.

Earning of prisoners

Victualling of Prisoners.

16,411 99

Fuel, Light, Soap, and Dry Earth

12,055 21

Shanghai

Clothing of Prisoners, Bedding, and. Furniture

9,431 81

Military

Naval

Canton

70,752 94 Debtors' subsistence

Wei-Hai-Wei prisoners' subsistence

do.

do.

do.

do.

69,202

17

449 00

376 80

261 00

286 80

51 | 60

8888888

30

30

Subsistence of prisoners sentenced by Marine

Magistrate...

Waste Food sold.

To Balance

Total..

$108,651 95

1917.

$108,212 43

- L 5 —

86 40

37,903

98

Total.

$108,651 95

Average annual cost per prisoner $63.07, in 1917 $65.66, and in 1916 $66.77.

L 6

Table II.

Return showing Expenditure and Income for the past 10 years.

Actual cost

Average

Year.

Expenditure.

Income.

of prisoners' maintenance.

cost per

prisoner.

$

C.

c.

C.

$ c.

- 1909

93,926.80

46,421.13

51,505.67

91.97

1910

96,302.19

52,104.75

44,197.44

80.80

1911

93,458.23

53,889.26

39,568.97 66.50

1912

97,577.82

62,348.80

35,229.02 50.25

1913

106,275.20

61,298.50

44,976.70

64.07

1914

108,143.24

70,597.22

37,546.02 62.58

1915

109,369.95

65,544.33

43,825.62 73.78

1916

112,615.70

70,019.18

42,596.52 66.77

1917

108,212.43

68,815.01

39,397.42 65.66

1918

108,651.95

70,747.97

37,903.98 63.07

Table III.

Return showing value of Industrial Labour for the year 1918.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Value of

Value of

Nature of Industry.

stock on

Value of

hand

materials

Value of

articles Total Dr. manufactur-

Value of

articles

manufactur-

Stock on

ed or work

hand

Total Cr.

January 1st purchased.

1918.

ed or work

done for

December

done for

payment.

Gaol or other 31st, 1918. Departments.

Value of

earnings.

(Difference between

columns

3 and 7.)

$

C.

$

c.

$

C.

C.

$

C.

Oakum,

Coir,

431.20

431.20

49.30

393.20

442.50

..

11.30

1,290.74

1,770.54

3,061.28

2,373.09

962.90

1,383.92

4.719.91

Net-making,

Tailoring,

Rattan,

Tin-smithing,

Carpentering,

Grass-matting,

Shoe-making,

Laundry,...

1,658.63

24.85

52.50

77.35

137.50

24.00

2,425.28

2,935.47

5,360.75

59.80

5,241.48

20.88

1,600.56

182.38

6,901.84

105.03

1,541.09

1.72

132.25

3.-

767.26

4.72

19.45

19.45

14.73

899.51

174.95

1,566.02

1.50

1,742.47

842.96

339.81

1,453.90

1,793.71

446.35

1,380.74

775.44

2,602.53

808.82

8.72

74.80

83.52

132.15

2.08

134.23

50.71

52.45

2,715.52

2,767.97

422.25

2,861.65

18.75

3,302.65

534.68

3,467.32

8,467.32

9,606.80

9,606.80

6,139.48

Printing and Bookbinding,

Photography,

25,874.50

7.58

33,220.90

59,095.40

322.36

89,421.75

272.35

279.93

383.34

26,738.60 116,482.71 4.02

57,387.31

387.36

107.43

Total,..

$ 30,589.10

46,733.56 | 77,322.66

4,005.05 111,580.83

30,938.95 146,524.83

69,202.17

Paid into Bank during 1918, which sum includes $140.80 for work executed in 1917, $3,954.70. Value of work executed during 1918 for which payment was deferred to 1919, $191.15.

L 7

Appendix M.

MEDICAL AND SANITARY REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1918.

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

ANNEXE A.-Report of the Head of the Sanitary Department,...

Page.

3

ANNEXE B.-Joint Report of the Principal Civil Medical Officer

and the Medical Officer of Health,

7

ANNEXE C.-Report of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon,

25

29

ANNEXE D.-Report of the Superintendent, Civil Hospital,

ANNEXE E.-Report of the Medical Officer in charge of the

Victoria Hospital for Women and Children, 43

ANNEXE F-Report on the Lunatic Asylum,

44

ANNEXE G.-Report of the Medical Officer in charge of the

Infectious Diseases Hospitals,

46

ANNEXE H.-Report of the Medical Officer to Victoria Gaol,... 47

ANNEXE I-Report of the Medical Officer for Kowloon and the

New Territories,

ANNEXE J.-Number of Confinements attended by Government

Midwives in 1918,

50

...

55

ANNEXE K.-Report of the Visiting Medical Officer to the

Tung Wa Hospital, ...

ANNEXE L.-Report on the Alice Memorial and Affiliated

Hospitals,

ANNEXE M.-Report of the Government Bacteriologist,

56

66

67

ANNEXE N.-Report on the Public Mortuary, Victoria,

73

ANNEXE O. Report on the Public Mortuary, Kowloon,

77

ANNEXE P.-Report of the Government Analyst,

80

ANNEXE Q.--Report of the Health Officer of the Port,

84

M 3

Annexe A

REPORT OF THE HEAD OF THE SANITARY

DEPARTMENT.

The following were members of the Sanitary Board during the year-

President, the Head of the Sanitary Department, Mr. D. W. Tratman, for whom Mr. E. Carpmael acted up to 17th May and Mr. Adam Gibson, M.R.C.v.s., acted from 18th May.

Vice-President, the Director of Public Works, the

Honourable Mr. W. Chatham, C. M.G.

The Secretary for Chinese Affairs, the Honourable Mr.

E. R. Hallifax, O.B.E.

The Medical Officer of Health, Dr. W. W. Pearse, for whom Dr. A. M. Gale acted up to 16th July and Dr. A. D. Hickling, M.B.E., acted from 17th July. Dr. A. D. Hickling, M.B.E., acted as Assistant Medical Officer of Health during March and April. Lieutenant-Colonel G. B. Crisp, D.D.M.S., China Com-

mand.

Mr. F. B. L. Bowley.

Mr. Ng Hon-tsz, who resigned in November.

Mr. Seen Wan-tsó, who was appointed on 15th November

to succeed Mr. Ng Hou-tsz.

Mr. Chan Kai-ming.

Dr. F. M. Graça Ozorio.

The Honourable Mr. C. G. Alabaster, 0.B.E.

STAFF.

Mr. E. Carpmael, Mr C. M. W. Reynolds, and Inspectors Witchell and Meade have been released for active service. Mrs. J. G. Pearson and Mr. H. E. Strange were appointed as temporary Sanitary Inspectors on October 1st and December 23rd respectively.

When Mr. C. M. W. Reynolds went on active service on May 18th Dr. A. D. Hickling, M.B.E., acted as Secretary until her appointment as Medical Officer of Health in July 17th when Mr. J. L. McPherson was appointed. He acted till November 20th and Mrs. D. Danby then took up the work and was in office at the end of the year.

1

- M 4

LEGISLATION.

Three new By-laws were passed by the Board:-

1. By-law defining Cerebro-Spinal Fever to be included in the Epidemic, Endemic, Contagious or Infectious

Diseases.

2. By-law regarding the notification of Cerebro-Spinal Fever by legally qualified medical practitioners.

3. By-law regarding the disinfection of the premises in

which a case of Cerebro-Spinal Fever has occurred.

CEMETERIES AND CREMATORIA.

No new cemeteries were opened in 1918.

During the year there were 1,099 exhumations, viz., various cemeteries 253; from Mount Caroline Cemetery 846. The number of exhumations in 1917 was 768.

DISEASES.

The most noteworthy infectious disease was Cerebro-Spinal Meningitis, which made its first known appearance in the Colony soon after the beginning of the year. There were 1,235 cases recorded spread over different races as follows:-Europeans 6, Chinese and Japanese 1,215, Indian 2, Portuguese 12. For various reasons, considerable popular alarm was felt, and as a result the Rockefeller Institute of New York was asked to send an expert in the disease to advise on the best methods of prevention and treatment. Dr. Olitsky, Lieutenant, United States Army, was sent and arrived in the Colony on the 5th May. He duly pro- ceeded to study the disease on the spot and a summary of his researches and recommendations was published under the title of Report on the Investigations of the Outbreak of Epidemic Men- ingitis in Hongkong by First Lieutenant Peter K. Olitsky, M. R. C., U. S. A., of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, New York, in October. As advised by him the systematic manu- facture of anti-meningococcic serum was undertaken and such. serum is now available.

The other diseases notified during the year were:-plague 266, enteric fever 348, small-pox 32, diphtheria 115, puerperal fever 11, para-typhoid fever 2, scarlet fever 3, and relapsing fever 1.

POPULATION.

The last census was undertaken in 1911, but the usual methods of calculating normal increases of population are hardly reliable as, during political disturbances on the mainland, the tendency for Chinese to seek asylum here brings about very wide fluctuations.

The estimate of the white population for 1917 has been adopted unchanged and the Chinese population has been estimated at 548,000.

i

M 5

HOUSE CLEANSING.

House building has gone on and the staff has been depleted thus rendering it impossible to maintain a quarterly cleansing. Barely three house cleansings per annum have been possible.

The total numbers of floors cleansed were 65,901 for Hongkong and 32,496 for Kowloon.

LIMEWASHING.

In the early part of the year Mr. Carpmael with the help of Inspector Lamble in the Eastern District tried various methods of doing this work departmentally and on the whole it was done successfully and at the least it gave a much improved standard of limewashing, but owing to the incidence of Cerebro-Spinal Men- ingitis it was not found possible to carry out these experiments as thoroughly as might have been desired. A good deal of data were however obtained and are being embodied in a scheme which it was decided to prepare in 1919 for future guidance.

MARKETS.

No new markets were opened during the year.

A comparative table of the market rents for the past four years will be found in the report of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon.

There is an increase in revenue of $900 over the total for 1917.

CONSERVANCY.

The conservancy contract was carried out in a very satisfactory

manner.

Complaints were received from time to time from the con- tractor regarding losses due to the floods and to the disturbed state of the neighbouring country.

SCAVENGING AND REFUSE DISPOSAL.

No change was made in the refuse disposal system.

The cost of scavenging the City of Victoria was $52,769.36 and of Kowloon $14,301.47.

A comparative table of the cost of scavenging for the last three years is appended :-

1916.

1917.

1918.

(a) City Scavenging, ..............$51,248.96 $53,175.47 $52,769.36 (b) Kowloon Scavenging,. 14,482.19 14,595.14 14,301.47 (c) Refuse Disposal,................. 22,666.57 29,358.56 27,910.53

Total,.....

.$88,397.72 $97,129.17 $94,981.36

-

M 6

-

The barges were delayed by typhoon signals on three occasions. The steam barge S. D. 1 broke down once.

The cost of repairs to the barges was as follows:-

Steam Barge S. D. 1,.... ....$2,436.05

Steam Barge S. D. 2,......... 1,657.89

Other Barges,

Other Barges, ...

Moorings,

Total,......

1,341.52

2,924.00 Special expenditure.

281.70

$8,641.16

The first item includes $360.00 for hired towage while S. D. 1 was under repair and the second item includes $220.00 for towage while S. D. 2 was under repair.

It was found necessary to give the barges S.D. B, C, and D an extraordinary overhaul as the frames were defective.

The total cost of the service for the year was $27,910.53.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

The total expenditure during 1918 was $356,062.78 as com- pared with $346,921.22 in 1917: the estimate for the year was $399,266.00.

Certain revenues are collected by this Department, the bulk coming from market and slaughter-house fees and the rest chiefly from licence, registration, and cemetery fees.

The total revenue was $290,216.15 as compared with $281,634.33 in 1917.

Other details of the working of the Department will be found in the reports of the Medical Officer of Health and the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon.

20th May, 1919.

A GIBSON, M.R.C.V.S., Ilead of the Sanitary Department.

M 7

Annexe B.

JOINT REPORT OF THE PRINCIPAL CIVIL MEDICAL OFFICER AND THE MEDICAL OFFICER OF HEALTH.

AREA.

The Sanitary Board's control extends over the island of Hong- kong which has an area of about 32 square miles, and to that portion of the mainland between the shore and the range of Kowloon Hills extending from the village of Tseung Kwan O in Junk Bay on the east, to the village of Kau Pa Kang on the west, with a seaboard of about 13 miles and an area of about 16 square miles.

This area includes "Old Kowloon", which has been British since 1861, and has an area of about 23 square miles, and a portion of the New Territories, leased to this Government in 1898.

The remainder of the New Territories-about 266 square miles-is outside the Board's jurisdiction.

The City of Victoria, situated on the northern side of the Island, has a frontage on the sea of nearly five miles and is separated from the Kowloon portion of the Colony by the Harbour.

The domestic buildings in Victoria number 11,133 (exclud- ing barracks and police stations) of which 1,024 are non-Chinese ; there are also 183 European dwellings in the Hill District. The number of houses completed during the year was as follows:-- Victoria 208, Kowloon 164, Outlying Districts and Peak 34, making a total of 406 as compared with 335 in 1917.

In addition to the above, miscellaneous buildings such as offices, godowns, etc., were erected to the number of 36 (63 in 1917).

ADMINISTRATION.

The City of Victoria is divided into ten, and Old Kowloon into three Health Districts, with an Inspector in charge of each. The Inspector in charge of No. 3 Health District has also charge of the sanitary work on the Peak.

There are also four Inspectors engaged in the supervision of scavenging and conservancy work including the upkeep of dust carts, boats, etc., used in this connection.

In the outlying districts the sanitary work is supervised by the Police Officer of the district, except in Shaukiwan which has been incorporated with No. 1 Health District although it lies beyond the limits of the city. The Inspectors in Hongkong work under the supervision of the Medical Officer of Health and in Kowloon under that of the Assistant Medical Officer of Health.

GENERAL SANITARY CONDITIONS.

The activity in building operations which has been such a noticeable feature since 1912 has not abated and the demand for housing accommodation for the Chinese is still in excess of the supply.

:

M 8

The Colony has several times since 1911 been subjected to the influx of many thousands of Chinese seeking refuge from distur- bances in their own country and of these not a few appear to remain after the majority have returned to China.

In connection with anti-plague measures to keep rats as much as possible out of houses 217 ground surfaces have been cemented in Victoria and 17 in Kowloon (111 and 27 in 1917) whilst 852 buildings have had rat-runs filled with cement in Victoria and 660 in Kowloon (496 and 487 respectively in 1917).

Obstructions have been removed from backyards in 21 houses in Victoria and 3 in Kowloon (26 and 2 in 1917).

6,095 notices were issued for the abatement of sanitary nuisances in Victoria (5,229 in 1917) and 1,227 in Kowloon (1,458 in 1917); while 2,715 and 206 represent the number of notices for the prevention of nuisances, in contravention of the Buildings Ordinance, in Victoria and Kowloon (2,335 and 303 respectively in 1917).

Notices prohibiting the breeding of mosquitoes were served to the number of 46 in Victoria and none in Kowloon (38 and 15 in 19.17).

Other sanitary improvements have been carried out by the Public Works Department during the year, including additional nullah training to the extent of 2,608 feet (10,383 in 1917), and scavenging lanes have been provided to the extent of 19,866 feet.

METEOROLOGICAL RETURNS.

The following table gives the meteorological data recorded by the Royal Observatory during the year:-

J

-

Month.

Barometer

at M.S.L.

TEMPERA- TURE.

HUMI-

DITY.

Max. Mean. Min.

Rel.

Abs.

Cloudiness.

Sunshine.

WIND.

Rain.

Direction. Vel.

ins.

о

p.c.ins.

January, February,

March, April,

May,

June,.

July,

August,

September,.. 29.84 | 83.5 | 79,6| 76.5 October, 29.98 81.6| 76,4 | 72.5 November, 30,11 72.7 | 69,2 | 66.1 December, 30.13 68.965,262.4

30,27 | 59.2 | 54.0 | 49,8 30.17 64.5 | 59.2 | 55.7 30.07 68,6 64.0 60.7 29.96 | 75.0 70.4 | 67.0 29.85 | 80.3 76.2 | 73.1 29,76 | 83.6| 79.5 | 76.5 29.63 86.5 81.8 78.4 29.75 $3.6| 79,5 | 76,4

p. c.

46 0.19 30 71 0.37 51 81 0.49 77 84 0.64 67

hours.

ins.

points. miles p.h.

241.9 0.010 203.6 0.015 122.1 1,105 158.6 4.440 E by S

ENE

10.8

E

14.4

E

13.6

10.6

84 0.77

85

124.5 6,655 | SE by E

12.6

86 0.86

80

147.6 24.795 SE by S

7.6

$4 0.91

79

174.8 11.640 S by E

9.9

86 0.86 81 0.82 66 0.62 .42 78 0.57 76 800.51 82

81

136,7 29.230

SE

12:0

171.3 18.450 E 234.5 0.050 ENE

11.5

10.8

124.6 5.075 E by N 108.9

11.3

0.140E by N

13.6

:

Mean or

29.96| 75.6| 71.2 67.7

77 0.63 68

162.4 8.467

E

11.5

Total,... j

M.9

The rainfall for the year (101.605 inches) was considerably more than in 1917 (81.485 inches) and is above the average of the last decade.

POPULATION.

The distribution of population estimated to the middle of 1918 was as follows:-

Non-Chinese Civil Population,.......

Chinese Civil Population :-

...

13,500

City of Victoria (including the Peak),... 299,450

Villages of Hongkong,

Kowloon (including New Kowloon),

New Territories (land), ...

Population afloat,

Total Chinese Population,

...

15,300

80,200

93,400

59,650

548,000

561,500

Total Civil Population,......

The population figures have been estimated by the usual method based on the natural increase, as shown by the census returns of 1906 and 1911.

There is no means of estimating the number of Chinese in the Colony at any given time except by a census, and until a new census is taken the present estimated population figures must be considered to be quite unreliable and are in all probability much too low.

The civil population consists chiefly of male adults but owing to the disturbances in China during the last few years, which resulted in the immigration of refugees and their families, the proportion of females to males appears to be increasing.

The boat population numbered 59,650 and the registered boats belonging to the port and villages of Hongkong are as follows :—

Passenger boats, classes A and B,

Lighters, cargo and water boats,

Other boats,

Fish drying hulks,

...

Total,

1,074

1,747

...

...

12,538

...

8

15,367

The licensed boats in the New Territories numbered 11,430.

M 10-

There is a large passenger traffic between Hongkong and the mainland of China, the number travelling by the river steamers being as follows :-

Arrivals 700,986;

Departures 704,414;

whilst the figures for the Kowloon-Canton Railways are :-

Arrivals 323,642;

Departures 307,494.

The effect on the number of residents caused by this traffic is not known because there are other ways of entering and leaving the Colony of which there are no statistics.

The following Table shows the number of Chinese houses and floors and the inmates per house and per floor in the City of Victoria as estimated for the year 1918 :-

City of Victoria Health Districts.

1 and 1A.

2 and 2A*

455

691

553

95

0

12

310

715

211

9

46

43

48

564

444

11

5

0

127

560

270

11

6 and 6A.

51

37

305

453

40

7 and 7A.

13

17

397

462

35

8

Ι

70

514

391

9

21

398

580

165

10

14

162

514

184

Oooooomooo

1,784

3,866

2.11

1,284

3,621

2.87

98

328

3.52

1,075

3,627

3.37

968

3,069

3.17

966

3,298

3.40

927 3,279 3.53

1,009

3,412

3.31

1,164

3,210

2.87

876

2,626

2.997

Total and Averages, 1918,

575

1,869

4,748

2,718 132

3

10,151

Total and Averages, 1917,

30,336

2.90

566

1,827

4,691

2,714

120

3

9,921

29,767

3.1

* Most of the Chinese in this District live in quarters attached to offices.

No information.

No information.

M 11 -

The following Table shows the distribution of the Chinese population of Kowloon according to houses and floors in the different Districts into which Kowloon is divided :-

Kowloon.

One-storey Two-storey Three-storey Four-storey

Dwellings. Dwellings.

Dwellings.

Dwellings.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

No. 11 (Health District)

and half No. 12 Do.

1,008

5

10

857 242 711

No. 13 (Health District) and half No. 12 Do.

714

1

407 16 852

Total Dwellings.

Total Floors.

Average number of floors per Chinese dwelling.

Chinese Population.

Number of persons per Chinese dwelling.

Number of persons per Chinese floor.

50

165

7 3,045 6,182

2.0

:

70

12,061

4,401

2.13

Total, 1918

1,722

61,264 258 | 1,563 50

235

Total, 1917

1,954

11 1,386 279 |1,441 |104 182

85,365 10,690

85,106 10,583 | 2:06

10,690 1.9

No information

available.

:

:

:

Note.-There were in 1918, 476 Chinese small floors less than in 1917, but there was an increase of 475 Chinese large floors. The 476 small floors would have held about 2,500 to 3,000 people whereas the 478 large floors will hold over 10,000 people, so that despite the decrease in number there has been an increase in accommodation. non-Chinese floors were demolished but new buildings nearing completion will make up that loss.

209

-M 12-

7

L

M 13

BIRTHS.

The births registered during the year were as follows:-

Chinese Non-Chinese

Male. Female. 1,369

Total.

654

2,023

151

147

298

801 2,321

Total 1918......... 1,520

Total 1917......... 1,600 800 2,400

This gives a general birth rate 4·1 per 1,000 as compared with 5.3 in 1917 and 6'1 in 1916.

The birth rate among the non-Chinese community was 22:07 per 1,000 as compared with 20·08 in 1917 and 20.5 in 1916. The nationality of the non-Chinese parents was as follows:- British 126, Filipinos 9, Portuguese 85, Indian 42, American 8, Malay 7, Norwegian, Australian, and Japanese 3 each, Eurasian and Dutch 2 each, Brazilian, French, Spanish, Jewish, Annamite, West Indian, Parsee, and Greek, one each.

The number of births of Chinese nationality registered does not give an accurate record of the number of births which has occurred. Owing to the custom of the Chinese of not registering any birth unless the child has survived for a month, and often, in the case of female children, not at all, it is probable that the ma- jority, if not all, of the infants who are sickly at birth or die before reaching the age of one month have not been registered. It is customary, therefore, to assume that all children of one month or less admitted to the various Convents, together with those found dead in the streets, harbour, hillsides, etc., have been born in the Colony but have not been registered. The addition of this number to that of the registered births gives a more correct estimate of the birth rate which is therefore calculated in this manner.

The num- ber of such children in 1918 was 1,094 making a total of 3,435 births in 1918 as compared with 3,005 in 1917.

The birth rate so corrected is therefore 6'1 and for the Chinese community the rate becomes 5.6 instead of 3.6 per 1,000 but even this addition is not sufficient as the total of infant deaths is still greater than the total of births so calculated, from which it is evident that many are brought into the Colony from the mainland of China.

The last census return (1911) showed 1,180 Chinese under one year of age in the Colony, while between the ages of one and five there were 24,738.

The preponderance of male over female registered births is very marked among the Chinese, there being 194 males to every 100 females. In 1917 the proportion was 219 to 100; in 1916 the proportion was 211 to 100; and in 1915, 201 to 100.

In the non-Chinese community the proportion of male to female births was 102 to 100, the same as in 1917, as compared with 120 to 100 in 1916.

M 14

DEATHS.

The total number of deaths registered during the year was 13,714 (10,433 in 1917) and (10,558 in 1916). This includes 578 persons known to have perished at the Race Course disaster. The general death rate was 244 per 1,000 (as against 23-4 in 1917 and 24.0 in 1918.

The number of deaths amongst the Chinese was 13,450 which gives a death rate of 24.5 per 1,000 as against 23-7 in 1917 and

24.6 in 1916..

The deaths registered in the non-Chinese civil community numbered 264 giving a death rate of 19.5 per 1,000 (14:00 in 1917 and 15.08 in 1916). The nationalities of the deceased were as follows British 54, Portuguese 48, Annamite 2, Indian 52, Japanese 41, Malay 11, French 3, American 3, Filipinos 40, Italian, Eurasian, Dutch, Swiss, and Spanish, one each.

:

The death rate for Europeans and those of European origin is 13.0 per 1,000 (7·7 in 1917); 11.8 per 1,000 for Indians (5.9 in 1917); and 21.5 per 1,000 for races classed as mixed or coloured (16-9 in 1917).

The exclusion of the Army and Navy from these statistics increases both the birth and death rates for Europeans and Indians.

AGE DISTRIBUTION OF DEATHS.

age

The total number of deaths of infants under one year of was 4,259 being 30.7 per cent of the total number of deaths as compared with 344 in 1917. The number of deaths of children between one and five years of age was 2,023.

There were 40 infant deaths among the non-Chinese.

Among the Chinese population the deaths of infants numbered 4,219 (3,564 in 1917) while only 2,023 Chinese births were registered, or taking the corrected number of births among the Chinese to be 3,117 as explained above, it is still found that there were more deaths than births. It is obvious, therefore, that many infants must be brought in from China, or the births in Hongkong concealed.

DISEASES.

Respiratory Diseases.

The total number of deaths from diseases of this nature was 2,981 (2,248 in 1917) of which 46 were among the non-Chinese community. Of these 1,380 occurred in infants under one year of age. Pneumonia was the cause of 654 deaths, 27 of which were non-Chinese and 91 of which occurred in infants under one year.

1

M 15

Broncho-pneumonia was the cause of 1,597 deaths, 11 of which were non-Chinese and 1,008 of which occurred in infants under one year. The death rate among the Chinese from diseases of this system was 5.0 per 1,000 as compared with 5'1 last year.

Tuberculosis.

The number of deaths from tubercular diseases was 1,680 and 40 of these occurred in non-Chinese. There were 1,065 deaths from pulmonary tuberculosis, 1,037 Chinese and 28 non-Chinese, and 57 deaths from tubercular meningitis. The percentage of deaths due to tuberculosis was 12.2 as compared with 143 last year.

Nervous Diseases.

The number of deaths from these during the year was 377, as compared with 427 last year. The deaths of Chinese infants from tetanus and convulsions were 218 and from meningitis undefined 29 as compared with 159 and 75 last year.

Malaria.

The number of deaths from malaria in 1918 was 398, as com- pared with 416 in 1917, of which all but 6 occurred in Chinese. In a large proportion of the cases the disease was contracted outside the area of the Sanitary Board.

The following tables show the distribution of the deaths in the Colony and the Police admissions to hospital for malaria during the last eight years :-

Table of Deaths from Malaria.

Year.

Non- Chinese.

Shauki-

Victoria. Kowloon,

wan.

Aber- deen.

Stanley.

1911.

1912.

1913.

1914....

1915.

1916...

1917. 1918..

တ ဆ ဆ - H တ

8

176

26

54

43

18

214

$0

34

44

10.00

5

3

8

110

47

33

53

9

73

58

19

47

20

157

66

27

46

32

182

75

25

36

19

205

98

29

68

11

189

71

16

106

10

M 16

past ten years :-

Year.

From the City.

From rest of

Police admitted to hospital on account of malaria during the

Average Percent- Strength

Total.

the

Colony.

of Police age of

Strength. Force.

1909.....

37

50

87

1,050

8

1910..

66

69

135

1,039

13

1911.

30

83

113

1,031

11

1912.

37

51

88

1,120

1913.

68

95

163

1,170

14

1914.

101

81

182

1,206

15

1915.

116

92

208

1,289

16

1916..

63

99

162

1,057

13

1917

51

84

135

1,192

11

1918.

40

49

89

1,228

4

Average

10.8

Average

11.8

Beri-beri.

There were 804 deaths from this disease during the year (654 in 1917). With the exception of two deaths in Indians and one in Japanese all occurred in Chinese.

Infectious Diseases.

The number of infectious diseases notified during the year was 1913 (919 in 1917 and 1,110 in 1916), of which 266 were plague, 32 small-pox, and 1,232 were cerebro-spinal meningitis.

The nature and distribution are shown in Tables II and III.

Plague.

There were 266 cases as compared with 38 cases in 1917, 39 in 1916, and 144 in 1915 all the patients were of Chinese nationality, 251 deaths occurred.

During the year 85,837 rats were caught in Victoria and 17,804 in Kowloon, total 103,641, an average of 283 per diem (106,522 in 1917).

In Victoria 185 were found to be infected with plague (0.21 per cent and in Kowloon 18 (0.1 per cent); last year 20 were found infected in Victoria and 11 in Kowloon.

Table IV shows the monthly distribution of plague-infected rats during the year.

ן

3

M 17

Cerebro-Spinal Meningitis.

1,232 cases were reported. Of these 19 were European patients and 6 of other nationalities. The remainder were Chinese. There were 968 deaths.

Enteric Fever.

The number of cases of this disease notified during the year was 247 as compared with 188 in 1917 and 219 in 1916. The cases of European or American nationality were 33 (21 in 1917). Other nationalities 32. The remainder of the cases were Chinese.

It has not been possible to trace the source of the infection in these cases, nor the direct infection of one case from another. The incidence of the disease has not been of the nature of a water or milk-borne epidemic, but may have been acquired by the eating of raw vegetables grown by the Chinese method or by the eating of shell-fish. As it is the custom in Hongkong to use uncovered latrine buckets in Chinese latrines, the contamination of food by flies probably plays a considerable part in conveying this disease.

Paratyphoid Fever.

Two European cases were notified.

No cases were notified.

Scarlet Fever.

Cholera.

No cases were notified.

Small-pox.

During the year 32 cases occurred (595 in 1917, 712 in 1916, and 34 in 1915), 28 cases Chinese, and 4 of other nationalities.

Diphtheria.

118 cases occurred during the year: 8 European cases, 109 Chinese, and 1 Portuguese.

Eleven cases

Puerperal Fever.

were notified, one of which was of Indian

nationality, the remainder occurred in Chinese.

Five Government midwives attended 625 cases (553 in 1917).

No cases of typhus fever or relapsing fever occurred.

M 18

INTERMENTS.

The following number of burials in the various cemeteries took place during the year 1917 and 1918:-

General Cemeteries.

Colonial

Roman Catholic

Mohammedan

Parsee

Japanese Crematorium

Sikh Crematorium

Jewish

Malay

Roman Catholic, Mount Caroline..

1917.

1918.

60

64

956

1,297

34

62

0

0

28

33

9

18

1

0

Total........

1,087

1,476

Chinese Cemeteries.

1917.

1918.

Mount Caroline

575

1,249*

Kai Lung Wan

1,078

1,509

Tung Wah Hospital...

4,530

5,608

Protestant.

42

61

Eurasian

Aberdeen

2

7

238

273

Stanley

34

33

Shek O

7

2

Chinese Permanent Cemetery.

28

41

Lamma Island

10

0

Hau Pui Lung.

2,429

2,899

Sai Yu Shek.....

104

117

Sai Yu Shek (Christian).

9

10

Kowloon Tong

112

180

Chai Wan

215

..

207

Tai Shek Ku....

3

5

Total.......

9,416

12,201

DISINFECTING STATION.

The Disinfecting Station in Victoria and Kowloon dealt with 53,063 articles of clothing, bedding, etc., (36,767 in 1917).

The disinfecting apparatus in Victoria was in use on 202 days and that in Kowloon on 122 days.

*Grave No. 10304 Mount Caroline Cemetery contains the remains of the people

burnt at the Race Course on February 27th. Total coffins 494.

M 19

In addition 9,515 articles were washed and 119 public vehicles disinfected.

PUBLIC BATH HOUSES,

The following table shows the number of persons who have used the four public bath houses in the City during the year:—

District.

Wanchai, (men only),

Pound Lane, (men and women),

Second Street, (men only),

1917. 156,968

1918. 144,818

251,393 470,075

56,920 54,156

Sheung Fung Lane, (women and children), 30,049 48,174

Total,...

AMBULANCE SERVICE.

495,330 717,223

Ambulances can be procured at any time of the day and night from the disinfecting station at Tai Ping Shan in Victoria and at Yaumati in Kowloon (telephone numbers 363 in Victoria and K 44 in Kowloon).

Ambulances are also obtainable in Victoria from the Eastern and Western District Sanitary Offices.

At the above-mentioned stations coolies for ambulance work are available at any time.

There are many other places from which ambulances may be obtained in emergency but as there are no coolies of the Sanitary Department stationed at these it is necessary for the police to obtain volunteers or engage street coolies for the ambulances when required.

The following is a list of such places

1. In the City of Victoria :-

No. 1 Police Station.

The Recreation Ground, Happy Valley.

The Seamen's Institute, Gresson Street.

The City Hall.

The Post Office.

The Supreme Court.

The Central Police Station.

The Fire Brigade Station, Queen's Road Central.

The New Western Market.

The Tung Wah Hospital.

The entrance gate to Government Civil Hospital, in

Queen's Road West.

The Cattle Depôt, Kennedy Town.

No. 6 Police Station, Peak,

:

*

M 20

2. In Hongkong outside the city limits:-

Bay View Police Station. Shaukiwan Police Station. Aberdeen Police Station. Stanley Police Station. Pokfulam Police Station.

3. In Kowloon :

Water Police Station, Tsim Sha Tsui. Sham Shui Po Police Station.

Kowloon City Police Station.

4. In the New Territories at Tai Po.

During the year 1918 the ambulances were used 567 times in Hongkong and 269 in Kowloon.

ADULTERATION OF FOOD AND DRUGS.

91 samples of fresh milk were taken for analysis during the year, 24 of which were found to be adulterated. 15 convictions were obtained.

Three samples of ice were taken for analysis and one was found adulterated.

C. W. MCKENNY, Principal Civil Medical Officer.

A. D. HICKLING,

Medical Officer of Health.

Η

M2112

Table I-DEATHS REGISTERED IN THE COLONY OF HONGKONG DURING 1918;

4 15

:

11

6

CO

:

6

:

4

24

5

LO

8 64

+

5 13

232

30 1 1

:

.

All causes.

7

57 6

264

2251 1065 820 | 47

22 285 1930 530 | 13,714

1532854|775| 45

34|267|1918| 349 | 10,433

Victoria and

Peak,

Harbour,

231 .8 18 80

24 3

:

10

882

73652116|215176|

10 46

:

25

6 80 427 18 *672 609141 386 451 36 | 166| 113 16 4 82 3 3 9

1639587 572 28 15 201 1201 209

9126

6 | 102

8

17 109

15

3

102 138 34

7 2 . 12| 125 118

1033

Kowloon,.

129 13 4 72

15 |242 80

31 70

4 23 71 49 17 154 57 178 12

11

23

414 276 182 10

10

5 60 483 162

2784

Shaukiwan,......

Aberdeen,...

Stanley,

2

2

14

7

12

:

:

1 1

14

10

25

4

52

4

2

61

12

29

1

10

5 56. 27

348

3

43

2

1.

1

10

20

3 18

1

1

་་”

:

:..

:.

:

:

:

:

:

9

1

I

9

Co

2

:

:

:

:

...

هر

4

1

:.

:

:.

H

7

123

1

36

:

Foreign Civil, Community,

14

British and

Chinese

Community,

:

Total, 1918,

403

1917,

>>

...

549 7116

51

26 2617998968 225 251 398 15 110 446 21 782 651 446 475 804 61 223 | 154 190 35416 21 142 336 53 184659 468 438 | 654 57147 186

*

Mortality accident at the Race Course 522 unknown persons of unknown nationality.

M 22

Table II-CASES OF NOTIFIABLE DISEASES RECORDED IN EACH MONTH OF THE YEAR 1918.

January.

February.

March.

April.

May.

June.

Europeans

...

Plague

Chinese

44

84

103

23

Others

...

Europeans

6

2

3

2

∞i ai

July.

August.

September.

October.

November.

December.

Total, 1918.

Total, 1917.

6

2

266

266

3

3

4

2

33

Typhoid Fever

Chinese

11

6

11

27

41

20

13

18

11

3

13

182

247

Others

6

1

3

3

2

4

2

1

32

Europeans

1

I

2

Paratyphoid Fever

Chinese

Others

Europeans

Cholera

Chinese

...

Others

Europeans

Small-pox

Chinese

6

10

Others

3

...

Europeans

1

1

1

Diphtheria

Chinese

26

15

13

Others

...

Europeans

Puerperal Fever

Chinese

Others

Europeans

2.

Scarlet Fever

Chinese

1

: : : : : : : :

10

2

...

7

28

32

575

595

4

13

1

8

3

3

13

109

118

62

69

1

3

3

2

1

12

17

19

2

2

3

3

1

Co

Others

: 2 :::::འསྤྱ+:ཨས་:

2

1

36

338

2

21

152

188

15

7

:

Relapsing Fever

Europeans

Chinese

1

Typhus,

Others

Europeans Chinese Others

...

...

::

:

Cerebro-Spinal

Europeans

Meningitis

Chinese Others

444

5

8

1

1

1

158

442

273

145

96

51

2

4

:༤ :

14

...

2

1

10

5

5

19 1,027

1,232

6

Total for 1918,

54

208

481

304

238

237

192

62

475

45

38

19

35

1,913

Total for 1917,

383

196

67

49

37

37

35

26

17

14

16

42

919

:

919

7

Plague.........

Enteric Fever

Peak.

Kowloon.

Harbour. New Territories.

Villages of

Hongkong.

No address.

Imported.

Total, 1918.

Total, 1917.

Table III. The following Table shows the nature and distribution of these diseases :—

City of Victoria: Health Districts.

Paratyphoid Fever.

Cholera

Small-pox

Diphtheria

Puerperal Fever.....

Scarlet Fever

Relapsing Fever.......

Typhus Fever......................

1

2 3

5

6

CO

3

33 2

7

9

CO

16

225

28 11 21 6

Cerebro-Spinal-Fever...

...

:

:

7

8

9

10

10 10 4 95 42

3 1

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:.

36 7

:

- M 23-

39

3

1

7

1

266

37

83 21

:

:

:

3

2

6 247

188

2

1

13

2

22

LO

:.

:.

:

:

:

Nil.

Nil.

32

712

~J

1

:

...

:

:

:

:.

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

n

118

101

12

25

Nil.

2

1

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

281 34 13 13 30

31,235 Nil.

:

:

:.

1

:

:

:

:

1

:

:

:

:

4

1

6

2

31

4

2

:

:

:.

:

:.

:

I 2

2 2

4 15 11 4 1

ed

3

1

:

CO

6

...

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

50

3283

77

29

...

:

:

91 130

84

66

59210 64

M 24

Table IV.

MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS

DURING THE YEAR 1918.

Mus Rattus. .

Mus Decumanus,

Total Infected Rats,.

Local,

Human Cases

Import-

of Plague,

ed,...

CITY OF VICTORIA.

January.

February.

March.

::

:

::

:

::

April.

May.

June,

July

August.

September.

October.

November.

December.

Total.

18 22 4

32 46

2

35

11

: 2

1

130

4

40

64

61 57

15

2

3

185

1 38

75 85

18

6

1

N

MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS

DURING THE YEAR 1918.

Mus Rattus,

Mus Decumanus,

Total Infected Rats,.....

Human Cases

Local,. Import-

of Plague,...

ed,..

KOWLOON.

January.

::

February,

March.

April.

on to

May,

:

:

1

400

9

6

Ni

2

1~

1

June.

July,

August.

September.

2

со

8

16

19

3

1

10

October,

1 227

1

November,

December.

Total.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

::

5

13

18

36

...

M 25

Annexe C.

REPORT BY MR. ADAM GIBSON, Colonial Veterinary Surgeon.

GENERAL STATISTICS.

The total number of cattle admitted to the Government Depôts for the year was 36,381 (42,502 in 1917; 49,394 in 1916). ~ In Kennedy Town 30,476 cattle were admitted (38,362 in 1917; 44,631 in 1916). There were 22 cattle rejected alive as unfit for food (12 in 1917; 17 in 1916). In Ma Tau Kok 5,905 cattle were admitted (4,140 in 1917; 4,763 in 1916). Ten were rejected. alive as unfit for food (7 in 1917; 18 in 1916).

The total number of pigs admitted to Kennedy Town was 245,926 (218,695 in 1917; 255,115 in 1916).

The total number of sheep admitted to Kennedy Town was 24,969 (30,124 in 1917; 30,986 in 1916).

DISEASE IN DEPÔTS.

Rinderpest.

Twenty-six cases occurred in the Kennedy Town Depôt chiefly in the earlier part of the year.

Anthrax.

Seven cases of anthrax were found during the year (7 in 1917; 2 in 1916).

Tuberculosis.

As in former years no cases occurred in native cattle but nine cases were found in dairy cows sent in for slaughter (3 in 1917).

KENNEDY TOWN CREMATORIUM.

The carcases destroyed in the Crematorium for the year.

were:-

Cattle...

Sheep and Goats

Swine

Horses

1917.

1918.

222

83

42

25

218

288

75

59

216

161

....

Dogs and miscellaneous animals Condemned meat from Slaughter House... 13,692 Hb. 15,255 fb.

Besides the above, 19 cart-loads of old paper, books, and mis- cellaneous goods from Government offices and private firms were destroyed (22 cart-loads in 1917), and 160 cases from the British American Tobacco Co., and the Kowloon Wharf and Godown Co., (205 in 1917.).

1

M 26

Under Government Notification No. 31 of 1910 the following

fees were collected :-

96 large animals at $2.00 each

134 small

Bone ash sold.

.50 cents each

Refund for fuel used in destroying private papers, &c.. 50 lbs. horse flesh sold to Mr. Longinotto

$192.00

67.00

76.00

142.13

2.50

$479.63

The amount of coal used was 30 tons, 13 cwts., 3 qrs., 20 fb.

SLAUGHTER HOUSES REVENUE.

Kennedy Town :--

Slaughtered.

Cattle @ 40 c.

Sheep @ 20 c.

Swine @30 c.

...

Cattle and swine slaugh- tered at Pokfulam (Dairy Farm).

Exported.

Cattle @ 50 c. Sheep @ 10 c. Swine @ 10 c..

...

....

....

1917.

$

C.

36,759

14,703.60

19,488 3,897.60

1918.

$

C.

28,026 11,210.40

=

15,360- 3,072.00

200,389 — 60,116.70 227,848— 68,354.40

=

614.70

962.30

..

1,329= 10,417

£664.50 1,041.70

825 9.484- 948.40

412.50

8,623-

$81,901.10

$85,801.70

862.30 8,417- 841.70

Ma Tau Kok :—

Slaughtered.

Cattle @ 40 c. Sheep @ 20 c.

***

1917.

1918.

4,125

$ c. 1,650.00

5,869

211

...

42.20

359

Swine @30 c.

46,176— 13,852.80

$ C.

2,347.60 71.80

50,725= 15,217.50

Outstanding Tickets sold

94.10

$15,639.10

314.80

$17,951.70

Sai Wan Ho (contracted out) :-

1917.

$5 C.

1918.

C.

Swine

Aberdeen (contracted out) :-

Swine

.8,445=2,340.00 7,503 2,544.00

1917.

$

1918.

C.

$

C.

3,721 1,200.00 4,375-1,296.00

-

M 27

A p

The total revenue, including contracts from the Animal Depôts and Slaughter Houses, is as follows:-

*

1917.

1918.

Kennedy Town, Fees

.$81,901.10

$85,801.70

Ma Tau Kok, Fees

15,639.10

17,951.70

Kennedy Town Blood and Hair

Contract

7,296.00

7,296.00

Ma Tau Kok

""

1,248.00

1,344.00

Sai Wan Ho Slaughtering Contract.. 2,340.00

2,544.00

Aberdeen

1,200.00

93

1,296.00

"

$109,624.20 $116,233.40

Increase on 1917

$6,609.20

The following table shows the number of animals slaughtered in all Slaughter Houses during the past ten years:--

Year.

Cattle.

Sheep and

Swine,

Goats.

1909 ......30,848)

17,855

182,791

1910 .... ..30,504

17,439

223,705

1911 ... ..30.371

17,671

227,597

1912

..33,761

18,177

242,956

1913

..37,909

17,586

244,609

1914

..32,642

17,245

228,136

1915 ...34,158

17,966

264,894

1916 ..44,819

21,636

290,528

1917 ......40,884

19,699

258.731

1918 ......33,895 J

15,719

290,451 J

GRASS SUPPLY FOR GOVERNMENT BULLOCKS.

The area under cultivation remains the same as last year. The total grass cut at Kennedy Town was 101 tons 6 cwts. (115 tons 10 cwts. in 1917).

EXPORT OF LARD TO THE PHILIPPINES AND THE UNITED STATES OF

AMERICA,

The factories at Ma Tau Kok and Kennedy Town approved for the export of lard and dried meats, exported the following quantities under certificate :-

1915. .1,050,959 Dried Meats ... 69,741

Lard

1918.

1916. 1,040,055 1,103,948

1917.

57,690

1,820,8271⁄2 lb. 66,4274 101,5423 lb.

RABIES.

Dogs were unmuzzled throughout the year. Three dogs were retained at Kennedy Town under observation but none were found to be infected.

Importation of dogs from Shanghai and Chinese ports north of Shanghai was prohibited until further notice (Gazette Notification No. 461 of the 19th October, 1917).

MARKETS.

The following statement shows the Revenue derived from Markets :-

Markets.

1905-1914 (average for

1915.

19.16.

1917.

1918.

10 years).

M 28

C.

..

$

C.

..

C.

Central Market

55,128.57

60,457.80

60,664.80

60,635.10

60,493.50

Hunghom Market

3,488.30

4,147.30

4,308.60

4,198.40

4,247.70

Mong Kok Tsui Market

1,040.28

1,234.00

1,237.20

1,257.80

1,258,80

Sai Wan Ho Market

1,884.27

2,255.20

2,263.60

2,178.70

2,348.00

Sai Ying Pun Market Shaukiwan Market Shek Tong Tsui Market So Kon Po Market Tai Kok Tsui Market

Tsim Sha Tsui Market

Wan Tsai Market

Western Market, (North Block)

13,669.94

15,919.40

16,262.40

16,333.20

16,428.10

1,473.39

2,135.00

2,142.00

2,127.00

2,104,80

692.12

876.90

959.00

942.00

942:00

1,383.56

1,462.80

1,500.10

1,493.00

1,491.30

561.74

630.00

600,10

609.30

645:60

4,099.23

4,324.30

4,383.10

4,405,20

4,443.00

4,333.59

4,861.20

4,861.20

4,842.70

4,832.40

12,718.50

18,960.00

18,989.10

19,208.10

19,224.60

Western Market, (South Block)

22,016.19

27,867.70

29,467.30

29,788.20

32,806.90

Yaumati Market

7,359.04

10,162.20

10,019.70

10,558.30

10,758:00

Aberdeen Market

474.18

474.70

465.40

462.40

462.00

Canal Road, (opened 1st April, 1913)

516.00

516.00

516.00

516,00

516.00

Praya East, (opened 1st December, 1913)

683.00

429.10

381.10

415.90

351.40

Reclamation Street, (opened 1st Sept., 1913)....

3,606.30

2,871.20

2,727.40

2,787.10

2,761.00

Staunton Street, (opened 1st October, 1912)

687.51

1,124.30

1,124.40

1,234.40

743.55

Tai Hang, (opened 1st April, 1914)

1,401.40

1,042.50

724.80

614.70

Shum Shui Po, (opened 1st June, 1918)

2,127.10

Total,.

$

135,815.71

162,110.50 163,915.00 164,717.60

169,603.45

M 29

Annexe D.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

REPORT BY DR. C. W. MCKENNY, Superintendent.

BUILDINGS.

These have been maintained in good condition.

CHANGES IN THE STAFF.

In May Dr. Woodman went on leave and obtained a commis- sion in the R. A. M. C.

Captains Macaulay and Frederick acted for brief periods and Dr. Y. K. To eventually replaced Dr. Woodman.

The Matron and Nursing Sisters Girling and Lawrence went on long leave.

Nursing Sisters Moylan, Elison-Cutts, and Jeffreys resigned. Nursing Sister Bagley and Staff Nurse Baynes joined. Temporary Nursing Sisters Bullock and McKenny joined. One Japanese Staff Nurse, Ima Yamamoto, and one Probationer Nurse, Ruby Tom, joined.

ADMISSIONS.

The total number of admissions was 3,677. This includes 117

patients brought over from 1917.

171 patients were in hospital at the end of the year.

The daily average of patients was 132.

Out-patients:--

14,880 came for treatment.

9,150 new prescriptions and 24,779 old prescriptions were

dispensed:

492 vaccinations were performed.

Nationality of patients

Europeans

Indians

Asiatics

Sex of patients:-

Male Female

431

733

...

2,513

...

2,992 685

Deaths.-244 deaths occurred which gives a death-rate of 6·6%. Of these deaths 107 (i.e., 43·8%) occurred within 24 hours of admission.

}

Various death-rates:-

M 30

Men

Women

Europeans

Indians

Asiatics

176

deaths

5.8 %

...

...

68

""

9.9 %

...

13

3.01%

""

24 207

""

3.2 %

8.2 %

Injuries accounted for 69 deaths and diseases of the respiratory system for 54.

REVIEW OF THE MEDICAL WORK PERFORMED.

The most interesting facts in the medical work of the year was the great decrease in the number of malaria admissions (211 as compared with 361 in 1917) and the outbreak of influenza. There were 485 admissions under the heading of influenza and 7 deaths occurred.

The epidemic may be divided into two main periods, viz., June with 269 admissions, and October to November with 130 admissions. The June epidemic was much more serious numerically than the later outbreak but the symptons of the patients were very much milder. From a comparative study of the epidemics which occurred in Europe and here there can be little doubt that a similar disease was present in each case but that which took place in Hong- kong was of greatly lessened virulence.

Operations.-638 operations were performed. important of these were :-

Laparotomy, exploratory,

""

for intestinal wounds, for septic peritonitis,

Appendicectomy,

Liver, abscess of, ...

Exploration of liver,

The more

6

...

2

1

...

...

...

5

4

1

3

joints,

""

kidney,

Hernia, inguinal, cure of,

...

Hysterectomy,

Hysteropexy,...

Ovariotomy,

...

Vesico-vaginal fistula, Uterus, curetting of, Urethra, dilatation of, Urethrotomy, external, Suprapubic cystotomy, Circumcision,

Sounding for stone, Cure of hydrocele, varicocele, anal fistula,

+

""

""

...

...

4

7

1

1

6

2

3

...

...

J

15

1

...

...

...

imperforate anus,

undescended testicle,

...

...

4

30

...

...

1

2

1

16

1

1

...

- M 31

Amputation of thigh,

""

66

leg, fingers,

toes,

+

...

arm,

...

...

:

...

...

...

...

4

8

14

6

""

Reduction of dislocations,

">

fractures,

Resection of ribs,...

**

...

...

...

...

mastoid process,

Suture of fractures,

Sequestrotomy,

...

Breaking down adpesions, Operation for hæmorrhoids,

""

...

...

...

...

...

...

4

11

6

3

1

5

19

2

10

enlarged tonsils and adenoids, 10 removal of lymphatic glands, 35

benign tumours,... 21 malignant tumours, 10 varicose veins,

""

"

""

""

4

$1

"7

"

nails,

2

>>

urethral calculus,

2

""

>"

eye,

...

...

4

""

""

22

cataract, penis,

removal of breast,

...

""

*

teeth,...

bullets,

needle,

...

...

1

2

13

Trephining,

""

repair of skin and muscles,

Plastic operation for :-

Entropion, Harelip,...

Severed tendons,

Cholecystectomy,

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

Tracheotomy,...

Iridectomy,

Splenectomy,...

...

...

3

***

44

4

11

4

...

1

3

1

1

Incision of various abscesses and sinuses, ...114

The following fractures were treated :-

Skull,...

Spine,...

Femur,

Tibia and fibula,

Fibula,

...

...

...

...38 with 22 deaths.

2

""

1 death.

...19

""

4 deaths.

.....14

2

Tibia,

Radius and ulna,

Radius, Ulna, ... Humerus,

...

...

Phalanges and small bones, Clavicle,

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

4

...18 with 1 death.

...12 2

...

2 with 1 death,

7

1

""

""

.43

2

"

>

Pelvis, Patella, Jaws, Ribs,

...

M 32

...

...

5 with 2 deaths.

2

1

9

MATERNITY HOSPITAL.

There were 470 patients admitted.

Seven of these remained over from 1917.

There were 277 free, 191 paying and 2 patients from the garrison.

There were 194 male and 175 female infants born. Four cases of twins occurred and 27 infants were still-born.

Deaths.-Three mothers died-one from influenza, one from acute nephritis, and one from septicemia. The three patients were suffering from the disease, which ultimately caused death, at the time of admission to hospital. Ten children died from the

following causes :---

Prematurity,... Congenital syphilis,

Atelectasis,

Marasmus,

...

...

61 2

2

...

1

Nationality:-

Asiatics,...

Europeans,

...425

...

45

POLICE.

The strength of the Police Force was 1,228 consisting of Europeans 159, Indians 481, and Chinese 588.

Admissions :-695 were admitted as against 550 in 1917 :-

Europeans,...

Indians, Chinese,

Sick rate :-

...

...

79

...

386

230

Europeans 49 as against 56 in 1917 :-

Indians

Chinese

Chief Diseases :-

Malaria,

80 39

Digestive system, Respiratory system,

Rheumatism,

Typhoid fever,

...

Cellular tissues,...

Injuries,

Epidemic influenza,

...

..

85 20

>>

***

94 against 183

60

54

29

51

48

15

17

99

...

...

4

6

*

33

32

"

49

***

...220

25

35

??

M 33

Malaria.

Total.

Per cent.

Per cent.

1918.

1917.

Europeans,

6

3.7

14:5

Chinese,...

15

2.5

4.7

Indians,

73

15:0

32.12

Invaliding-One European, 5 Indians, and 2 Chinese were

invalided as being unfit for further service.

Europeans,...

Deaths:

Indians,

...

Chinese,

Causes of death :—

Death-rate.

0.6%

5

1·0%

3

0*5%

110 00

European, Fracture of skull.

Indians-Pneumonia 2, cerebro-spinal meningitis 1,

typhoid fever 1, malaria 1.

Chinese-Respiratory system 1, injuries 1.

COMPARATIVE STATISTICS.

1917.

1918.

Admissions to Civil Hospital

...

3,292

3,677

Europeans

.378

431

Indians

685

733

Chinese

2,229

2,513

Admissions

to

Maternity Hospital

383

470

Death-rate

100

...

5.07%

6.6%

Death occurring in 24 hours

88

107

Prescriptions dispensed

Operations performed ...

13,065 444

13,929

638

DENTAL DEPARTMENT.

For the greater part of the year this department was only open on two days during the week.

Three hundred and ninety-six patients attended.

In 352 cases one or more teeth were extracted, and in 44 cases some other form of treatment was adopted.

The following shows the nationality of the patients:-

Europeans... Japanese Indians Chinese

...

...

24

16

12

...

344

.396

Total

The following Tables are attached :-

1. Admissions and Deaths under respective Diseases. 2. Yearly Admissions from Malaria from each Police

Station.

3. Number and Class of Patients admitted during the

last ten years and deaths.

.

M 34

Tab

Diseases and Deaths in 1918 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Diseases.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1917.

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

Admis- sions.

Deaths, Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1918.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Rubella

Chicken-pox

Measles

Typhus Mumps

Dengue

Influenza

Diphtheria

Febricula..

Enteric Fever..

Varicella

Dysentery

Plague

6

6

CO

7

3

73

7

3

2

2

1

484

7

485

3

12

9

15

19

19

8

48

13

56

5

10

5

37

5

37

2

1

Diseases of Ductless Glands

Malarial Fever

1. Simple Tertian

2

2 2

10

10

2. Malignant

3

183

Malarial Cachexia

15

Beri-beri

co:

3

89

: 60

186

15

92

Relapsing Fever..

1

1

Pyæmia

Septicæmia

4

Tetanus

Tubercle

2

58

60

Leprosy, Mixed

10

5

GON

2

5

(a) Anæsthetic

1

1

Sprue

1

1

Syphilis :-

(a) Primary

21

(b) Secondary

13

(c) Tertiary

46

(d) Congenital

6

~ 2

23

13

47

6

Gonorrhoea

Scurvy....

65

66

:

Alcoholism

Delirium Tremens

1

23

24

3

...

3

Rheumatism

Rheumatic Fever

Gout

2

49

51

1

1

5

Carried forward.............. 28

1,235

61

1,263

...

:

le I.

M 35

Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1917.

Yearly Total.

Total

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Cases Treated.

Remain-Remain-

ing in

ing in Hospital Hospital at end at end of 1918, of 1917.

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

Cases

ing in Hospital

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Treated.

at end of 1918.

:-

200

1

3

21

4 21

:-

:

28

I

28

49

49

5

5

3

54

54

:

1

LO

5

1

4

7 1

...

5

1

...

N

2

2

1

1

78

N

83

CO

3

:

:

:

33

33

10

:2

...

w:

::

:

10

3

co:

3

Co

3

...

...

...

...

...

166

2 166

5

Diseases.

M 36

Brought forward.......

GENERAL DISEASES,—Continued.

New Growth, Non-malignant

New Growth, Malignant

Anæmia

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Insipidus

Debility

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nerves:-

Neuritis

Meningitis, Cerebro-Spinal Meningitis, Septic

Myelitis

Trismus

Meningocele

Functional Nervous Disorders: -

Apoplexy

Paralysis

Migrain

Epilepsy

Neuralgia

Neurasthenia

Mental Diseases :--

Table 1,-

Diseases and Deaths in 1918 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital

at end Admis- of 1917. sions.

Yearly Total.

Total Cases

Deaths. Treated.

28 1,235

61 1,263

38

36

5

2

8488

38

37

7

2

co

8

1

8

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1918.

34

412

35 11

2

1

2

...

1

1

:

10

11

2

2

3

3

14

14

3

3

: : : :

Idiocy

Mania

Melancholia.

1

2

7

Dementia.....

Delusional Insanity

Diseases of the Eye

1

1

1

21

Ear

"2

Nose

>>

">

Circulatory System

4:2

84

88

15

15

L

5

6

...

...

20

3

22

...

27

Carried forward,...... 41 1,541

78

1,582

...

...

2

...

1

...

6 102

2

M 37

(Continued).

Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

Yearly Total.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Total

Cases

at end

of 1917.

Admis- sions,

Deaths,

Treated.

Remain-

ing in Hospital at end

Remain- ing in Hospital at end

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

of 1918.

of 1917.

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Cases Treated

ing in Hospital

at end

of 1918.

***

10

5

78

2

1

1

88393

...

...

...

...

3

:

...

1

***

166

2

166

5

13

13

...

1

1

1

1

1

1

-::

1

...

6

1

2

2

108

4

191

3

191

5

10

:

1

Diseases.

M 38

J

Table I,-

Diseases and Deaths in 1918 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Remain-

ing in Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

Hospital

Cases

ing in Hospital

at end Admis- of 1917. sions.

Deaths. Treated.

at end

of 1918.

Brought forward

41

1,541

781,582

>>

31

LOCAL DISEASES,- Continued.

Diseases of the Respiratory System...

""

22

"

29

་་

Digestive System......

Lymphatic System... Urinary System

Abortion

Male Organs

* 104 1

265

45

273

298

11

303

53

57

36

7

37

""

11

Female Organs........

""

>

Organs of Locomotion

5-100

89

96

37

1

42

9

44

Cellular Tissue

12

220

15

22

53

232

""

33

Skin

1

30

31

多多

:

"

Exophthalmic Goitre..

Myxoedema

Burns

Injuries, General

:

18

731

69

749

Local

Malformations

5

::

5

Poisons

22

ة

22

Mumps...

Opium Habit

.5

5

Parasites, Animal

2

16

1

18

Under Observation....

1

42

43

In Attendance...........

68

71

İmmersion

8

Effect of Heat

Pregnancy

3

Nil

Puerperium

Abortion

17

17

21

21

2

3

3

Parturition

Prematurity

Total.....

117

3,560

244 3,677

M 39

(Continued).

Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1917.

Yearly Total. Total

Remain-

Cases

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Treated

ing in Hospital at end of 1918.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1917.

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

Adinis- sions.

Deaths. Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end

of 1918.

6

102

2

108

4

:

х

191

3

191

5

1

2

17

2

39

40

3

~:: -25

3

19

1

5

3

3

1

I

1

1

1

1

21

21

3

*

5:

7 140

3 147

6

4 300

6 304

Central No. 7

Water Police.

Castle Peak

Tsun Wan

Sham Shui Po Au Tau

No. 8 Stanley Pokfulam Ping Shan Yaumati

San Tin

Lamma Island

Bay View

Sai Kung

Tung Chun Sha Tau Kok

Kowloon City No. 2 Gough Hill..

Tytam..... Tai Po... Green Island

Station.

- M 40

Table II.-Showing number of cases of Malarial Fever among Members of the Police Force giving Station and percentage

of admissions as compared with strength.

Europeans.

Indians.

Chinese.

33

20

1 ∞

Strength.

No. of Cases.

122

Percentage.

Strength.

No. of Cases.

Percentage.

Strength.

No. of Cases.

Percentage.

3:03

56

29

51

238

5

2

66

27

14

10

190

7

3

co in a 50 ∞ ∞o en 3

3

2

SAN DAN

66

80

50

25

7

50

25

22

25

19

2

100 12

15

0 6 6 10 M D 100000

3

33

16

16

40

66

25

5

60

12

12

20

1

25

1

·

Table III.-Number and Class of Patients admitted during the past ten years and deaths.

CLASS OF PATIENTS.

1909.

1910.

1911.

1912.

1913.

1914.

1915. 1916.

1917. 1918.

Police

633

613

519

657

771

728

731

552

55Q

695

Paying Patients

659

591

631

735

667

723

749

775

795

1,037

Government Servants

250

352

188

219

257

312

274

325

329

358

Police Cases

287

432

313

380

370

283

352

344

401

416

Free.

555

674

719

710

728

696

979

1,062

1,217

1,171

Total.....

2,384

2,662

2,370

2,731

2,793

2,742 3,085

3,058

3,292

3,677

M 41

Total Deaths..

131

147

173

194

178

· 194

155

195

167

244

Percentage..

5.4

5.6

7.3

7.1

6.4

7.1

5:0

6.4

5:07

6.6

:

M 42

Annexe E.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN AND CHILDREN.

:

REPORT BY Capt. H. M. CAMERON MACAULAY, R.A.M.C.,

Medical Officer in charge.

Buildings :-These have been maintained in good condition.

Admissions to Hospital.-There have been 175 admissions during 1918 as compared with 147 in 1917. Of these, 28 were cases of influenza and 14 of malaria.

Three deaths occurred during the year, one from influenza, one from malaria, and one from carcinoma of the liver.

The following operations have been performed

Laparotomy

Mastoid abscess

Ischio-rectal abscess

Removal of varicose veins

hæmorrhoids

...1

...1

...

...1

...1

...1

...

:

:

:

4

1

!

!

M 43

-

Annexe F.

LUNATIC ASYLUM.

REPORT BY DR. C. W. MCKENNY, Superintendent.

During the year 1918 there were 217 patients under treatment of whom 113 were brought in by the Police.

There were 39 paying patients.

The deaths numbered 7 being 3·2 % of the total number under treatment (47 in 1917).

Table I.

Nationality and Sex of Patients treated in 1918.

Nationality.

Remain-

ing at Admit- end of ted.

1917.

Total number treated.

Dis- charged.

Died,

Remain- ing at end of 1918.

M. F.

MF.

M. F. M. F. M F.

M. F.

Europeans,..

3 2

9 2 12 4 8

00

1 1 0

3

3

Indians,

0 12 0 12 011

0 11 0

0 0 1

Chinese,

4

3 114

68 118

71 104 61

10

5

1 9

Total,

7

5135 70142 75 123 62

6

1 13

12

M 44

Table II.

Return of Diseases and Deaths in 1918.

Remaining in

Yearly Total.

Total

Diseases.

Hospital

Cases

at end of 1917.

Admis- sions.

Deaths. charged.

Dis- Treated.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Alcoholism

Remaining in

Hospital at end of

1918.

0

11

0

10

11

1

POISONS.

Chronic Opium Poison...

0

0

0

0

0

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous

System

SUB-SECTION II.

Functional Nervous Dis-

orders:

Epilepsy

SUB-SECTION III.

Mental Diseases :- Imbecility

Idiocy

3.

: :

4

Mania

Melancholia

Dementia

101 10

5

10

6

5

39

Under Observation

J

78

1

1

4

2

OO 100-

3

4

4

49

65

5

7

34

44

79

79

Total, 1918

1917

22

12

205

21 192

7 185 10 192

217

214

وو

60120

C

13235

.-

,

}

M 45

Annexe G.

TOWN.

INFECTIOUS DISEASES HOSPITALS, KENNEDY TOWN.

REPORT BY DR. C. W. MCKENNY, Medical Officer.

Buildings. No structural alterations have been made and the buildings have been maintained in good condition.

Staff-No changes have been made.

The hospital was open for eight months. It was closed during the months of August, September, October, and November.

One patient was carried over from 1917 and the hospital was empty at the end of the year.

The total number of admissions was 31.

The nationalities of the patients were:-

English

Chinese Japanese

Indian

...

...

Portuguese

Filipino..

Finn

Celebian...

:

:

:

Their conditions were as follows:

Cerebro-spinal meningitis Small-pox

...

:

:

:

:..

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

7

00

4

3

5

2

1

Ι

19

Varicella

Typhoid fever

In attendance

Under observation

Cerebro-spinal meningitis.

...

:

5

2

1

2

N

Of this disease 12 sufferers were male and 7 female.

7 patients recovered and 12 died.

Small-por.

No patient died.

4 cases were of the Discrete type and one of the Confluent.

r

i

year.

M 46

TUNG WAH SMALL-POX BRANCH HOSPITAL (CHINESE).

Buildings.--The buildings have been well maintained.

Staff-No change in the staff took place.

No patients were in hospital at the beginning or end of the

Five patients-all suffering from small-pox-were admitted during the year.

Two patients suffering from Confluent small-pox died.

M 47

Annexe H.

VICTORIA GAOL.

REPORT BY Capt. BURN, R.A.M.C., Medical Officer.

Buildings. The buildings and yards have been maintained in good sanitary condition. The sanitation has been much improved by the introduction of the flush-closet system.

Staff and routine.--During the early part of the year Dr. Woodman took over charge from Dr. McKenny. In May Dr. Woodman went on leave and obtained a commission in the R.A.M.C. Dr. J. T. C. Johnson, Principal Civil Medical Officer, carried on the work till December. Early in January, 1919, Capt. Burn, R.A.M.C., was appointed Medical Officer in charge.

No change in routine has taken place.

Health of the prisoners.-This has been satisfactory. It may be estimated by considering the following details:--

(1) Number of deaths:-

Six deaths from disease took place. The causes were as follows:-

Lobar pneumonia,........

Apoplexy,

Influenza,

2

1

1

Typhoid fever,

Enlarged spleen,

This is the same number as last year. The average

deaths for 1908 to 1918 was 9.2.

(2) Prisoners liberated for medical reasons :-

1

number of

Six prisoners were so discharged. They suffered from :

Leprosy,..

Pulmonary tuberculosis,

Heart disease, Epilepsy,

3

1

1

1

The average number so discharged for the decade 1908 to 1918 was 15·7,

(3) Occurrence of certain specific diseases :-

Typhoid fever.-Eight cases were admitted with one death. In 1917 there were four cases and in 1916 sixteen cases.

Dysentery.-Four cases were admitted with no death. In 1917 there were two cases and in 1916 three cases.

M 48

Beri-beri.-Ten cases were admitted to hospital with no death. Twenty-five were treated as out-patients. There were twenty-six cases admitted to hospital with one death in 1917.

Pulmonary tuberculosis.—Seven cases were recorded with no death. In 1917 there were 18 cases with 2 deaths.

Malaria.-There were 71 cases, 30 of which were admitted to hospital. There were 28 cases in 1917.

Influenza. Forty-nine cases were admitted with 1 death. There were 17 cases in 1917.

Skin diseases.-There were 104 cases treated as out-patients, two were admitted to hospital.

Opium habit. Seventy cases were treated as out-patients,

habit.-Seventy seventeen were admitted to hospital. In 1917, 58 cases.

(4) Condition of prisoners on admission to guol:-

1,063 out of the 3,577 total admissions to the gaol, or 29.7 %, were found to be physically unfit for full task.

Of these :--

(a) 495 were under weight or of too poor condition.

(b) 183 were incapacitated owing to age.

·

(e) 69 were on reduced labour owing to juvenility.

(d) 316 were suffering from disease or the results of disease. Of these 21 were admitted to hospital at the time of their entry into gaol.

Female prisoners:

There were 184 females admitted.

The average daily number was 31.

47 cases were under treatment and one death occurred.

General Statistics :-

The total admissions were 3,577.

The daily average of prisoners was 601.

The total admissions to hospital was 300.

The total number of prisoners who received treatment in the out-patient department was 1,067.

The daily average attendance at the out-patient department was 56, and in hospital 9'6.

¿

*

:

M 49

Vaccinations.-2,374 prisoners were vaccinated and of these 746 were successful and 859 were unsuccessful,

769 were not examined owing to early discharge.

Rates of Sickness and Mortality.

Total Number of :-

Daily Average

Number of :-

Rate per cent. of :-

Prisoners Admitted to Gaol,

Admissions to Hospital.

Out-Patients.

Deaths due

to Discase.

Prisoners in Gaol.

Sick in Hospital.

Out-Patients.

Admissions to Hos- pital to Total Admissions to Gaol.

Daily Average in Hospital to Daily Average of Prisoners.

Daily Average of Prisoners coming to Out-patient De- partment to Daily Average of Prisoners.

Deaths due to Dis-

case to Total Ad- missions to Gaol.

1914,

4,050 483 2,348

601

13.36 83-84 11.92

2.2

13.8

0.12.

1915, 4,179365 | 1,294

1916, 4,169 261 1,013

41593 13.04

8638 11:55

79-9

8.73

2.1

13:4

60.0

63.29

6:02

.1.8

9.9

0.19

1917,

3,286 174 998

6600 9.2 42.8

5.2

15

6 5

0.18

1918,

3 577 300 1,067

6601

9.6

56.0

8.4

1.6

93

0.12

M 50

Annexe I.

KOWLOON AND THE NEW TERRITORIES.

REPORT BY DR J. T. SMALLEY, Medical Officer in charge.

STAFF.

I have continued throughout the year to perform the duties of Medical Officer, Kowloon and New Territories and Assistant Medical Officer of Health.

Dr. Chau Wai-cheung resigned his appointment as Assistant Medical Officer at the Government Dispensary, Tai Po Market, at the end of February, and Dr. Wong Siu-ngok was appointed in his place. The latter resigned his appointment in September and no further appointment to the office was made.

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY.

The health of the European and Chinese Staff has been good throughout the year. The number of malarial cases still remain small. The medical chests on the trains and in the stations have been maintained throughout the year. To accommodate accident and other cases of a serious nature, two stretcher cots were install- ed in the luggage vans of the trains. These stretchers are swung so as to minimise all jarring as far as is practicable. They are made to fit the wheeled ambulances attached to the Disinfecting and Police Stations so as to obviate the necessity of transferring the patient from one stretcher to the other. In addition, the guards and station masters have been instructed in First Aid. This instruction has been admirably carried out by Inspector Win- yard of the Railway Staff, the men having to satisfy me by examination at the end of their course as to their ability to attend and treat surgical and medical emergencies. The Chinese Staff was examined with regard to their eyesight and colour vision twice in the year. Four people lost their lives on the Railway during the year, two of them being Railway employees. In addition there were 5 cases of injury resulting from accidents.

THE POLICE FORCE.

The health of all ranks of the Force and their families was very satisfactory throughout the year.

KOWLOON AND NEW TERRITORIES.

The year under review was characterised by an outbreak of cerebro-spinal meningitis, the total number of cases recorded in Kowloon during the year being 329. This figure on account of local conditions is not a true index of the severity of the outbreak, and the number of cases was undoubtedly much larger.

M 51

The first recorded case in Kowloon occurred on 15th February. The last case recorded during the year was on 11th December.

Of these recorded cases, 173 were treated in hospitals, mainly the Kwong Wah Hospital, where special accommodation was made for them; the remainder being found amongst bodies sent to Kowloon Mortuary, i.e., dumped bodies and bodies from the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

The total deaths were 265, the mortality working out at 80-5 per cent.

There were in addition 34 cases of plague and 93 of enteric fever recorded in Kowloon as compared with 5 and. 51 in 1917; the small-pox figures for the year were 15 whilst during the previous three years they numbered 173, 100, and 14.

Considering the fact that the population of Kowloon is well over 160,000 I do not think that the figures for the above diseases. is high.

At the Public Mortuary I made 1,696 post-mortems as com- pared with 1,503, 1,278, and 980 in the three previous years.

During the year 17,814 rats were examined, of these 6 were found to be plague-infected as compared with 11 and 29 in the two former years.

The Dispensary at Tai Po Market has suffered from changes of Medical Officers and the figures for the year have fallen from 1,402 in 1917 to 889.

The British schools and missionary establishments have been visited and all scholars and inmates reported on.

These reports are forwarded-when necessary-to the parents for compliance with my remarks which mainly concern the condition of the teeth, throat and eyes. It is satisfactory to note that a very great improvement has resulted in the condition of the children's teeth and, as a natural sequence, their general health. When necessary, vaccinations were performed.

KOWLOON DISPENSARY.

There has been a very large increase in the attendance at the Government Dispensary in Nathan Road.

In 1917 the total was 12,852 but this included 197 physical examinations and 3,249 vaccinations which left the figures for actual patients at 9,406. In 1916 the figures without physical examina- tion or vaccinations reached 13,378, and 98 physical examinations and 209 vaccinations were performed, making a grand total of 13,686 for the year.

Nearly two-thirds of these patients were Chinese, and the main cause of the increase in our figures is due to the ever increas- ing numbers of surgical cases of varying severity who come to the Dispensary for advice and treatment.

M 52

A general anesthetic was administered on seven occasions and a great number of minor operations have been performed with or without local anesthesia.

The increase of the figures from a little over 3,000 in 1913 to 13,000 in 1918 illustrates plainly the gradual disappearance of the aversion of the Chinese race to our medical and surgical treatment.

The number of prescriptions for the year were 5,189 as com- pared with 5,390, the decrease is not due to any lessened work in actual dispensing, but due to the fact that ointments, such as sulphur ointment, prickly heat lotion, dusting power, etc., have not been numbered, when given to patients, as they were in former

years.

During the year there were 269 ambulance cases compared with 192 in 1917-these were removed to various hospitals in the Colony. Of these 167 cases were removed to hospitals in Victoria, (60 being European cases) and 102 to the Kwong Wah Hospital, Yaumati, being an increase of 41 cases for the hospitals in Victoria and of 36 cases for the Kwong Wah Hospital, Yaumati.

M 53

TABLE OF CASES TREATED AT GOVERNMENT DISPENSARY, KOWLOON.

DISEASES.

YEARLY TOTAL.

Admis- Deaths.

sions.

:

GENERAL DISEASES.

Chicken-pox

6

Measles

42

Mumps

3

Influenza

272

Enteric Fever

1

Dysentery

10

Sprue

2

Malaria :-

(4) Simple Tertian

149

(c) Malignant

260

Beri-beri

81

Tuberculosis :-

(a) Glands

(b) Lungs (c) Skin

Leprosy

9"

252

144

154

4

Tubercular

4

Syphilis :-

(a) Primary

(b) Secondary

(c) Tertiary

(d) Inherited

Gonorrhoea

Rheumatism

37

26

175

14

202

229

Rheumatic Fever

Gout

New Growth, Malignant.

Anæmia

Debility

11

38

3

66

250

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System :-

Sub-section I :—

Neuritis

Sub-section II

Neuralgia

888

87

60

Carried forward

2,582

:

:

M 54

-

TABLE OF CASES TREATED AT THE GOVERNMENT DISPENSARY, KOWLOON,-Continued.

DISEASES.

Brought forward

LOCAL DISEASES,—Continued.

Diseases of the Nervous System,-Continued.

YEARLY TOTAL.

Admis-

Deaths.

sions.

2,582

Sub-section III :-

Diseases of the Eye

1,359

Ear

425

J:

""

Nose

13

19

"

""

Circulatory System

21

""

Respiratory System

1,006

""

Digestive System

1,111

400

""

>>

Lymphatic System

35

"

>"

Urinary System

65

...

Male Organs

29

""

*

Female Organs

49

""

Organs of Locomotions Cellular Tissue

57

...

1,273

""

Skin

2,397

Injuries, Local

Poison

Ascaris Lumbricoides Burns

Physical Examination Scabies

2,515

5

32

172

98

134

Dog Bite

Vaccinations

Pregnancy

Tiger Bite

Cerotro-Spinal Fever

Total,.......

92 209

1

13,686

1

1

1918.

A

M 55

Annexe J.

Number of Confinements attended by Government Midwives in 1918.

Shaukiwan.

Yaumati.

Tai Po.

Yun Long.

Tsun Wan.

Cheung Chau.

January

29

18

4

February

34

12

♡o od

3

5

1

59

March

26

19

April

19

18

May

21

13

June

17

17

2

July...

19

17

3

August

22

12

1

September

28

19

1

October

31

23

November

22

19

December

20

21

Co 10 00

10667960 720010

62

52

17

44

46

5

45

43

51

70

55.

51

288

208 21

15

28

65

625

Total.

M 56

Annexe K.

TUNG WA HOSPITAL.

REPORT BY DR. C. W. MCKENNY, Visiting Medical Officer.

The Chairman (Mr. Tong Yat-chuen) and the Directors have conducted the affairs of this institution in a thorough and satisfactory manner during the

year.

Buildings.-These have been well maintained but no important structural alteration has been made.

Staf. Dr. G. H. Thomas has again performed the duties of Resident Medical Officer in an eminently capable and efficient manner. Dr. C. S. Chan (M.B., B.S., Hongkong University) has joined the staff as Assistant House Surgeon.

University Students, (Medical Clinic).-During the year, as heretofore, students have attended for lectures and demonstrations in Chinese medicine given by myself and in the subjects of vaccin- ation and pharmacy by Dr. G. H. Thomas. Selected students act for periods of 3 months as clinical clerks in charge of medical cases under Western treatment..

The following figures express the comparative results of Eastern and Western treatment. It should be understood that all cases admitted are diagnosed by a staff trained in European methods and the diagnosis is then confirmed or rejected by the Visiting Medical Officer. It is then quite open to the patient to choose whichever of the two forms of treatment he may desire. The methods of Eastern medicine are not interfered with provided they do not endanger public health and sanitation. To the credit of the Eastern practitioner it must be stated that he frequently refuses to treat conditions in which he believes Western methods to be more successful.

The total number of in-patients were divided thus:-

Cases treated by Western methods, 3,558

...

""

Eastern methods,

Total,...

3,004

6,562

This shows that 54.2% of patients preferred Western and 45.8% Eastern medicine.

These figures compare with :-

Western.

Eastern.

55.1

44.9

in 1917

50.7

49.3.

in 1916

52.3

47.7

in 1915

38.58

61.42

in 1914

34.63

65.37

in 1913

36.8

63.2

in 1912

¡

31.4

68.6

in 1911

:

M 57

Death-rates.

Deaths under native treatment,

Western treatment,

...

...

...1,313-43·7% 810-22.7%

These figures can hardly be considered as accurately represent- ing the mortality in the hospital as they include 603 moribund cases which were distributed as follows:-

Native treatment, ...

Western treatment,

...362

...241

If these be deducted we may consider the following as accurate:-

"

3,317

569

93

**

99

-171%

""

Native treatment 2,642 cases with 951 deaths=35.9% mortality. Western In the appended Tables a comparison of the results of treatment is shown:--

A.-Diseases for which there is a specific remedy

Western.

Eastern.

No. of Death-rate No. of Death-rate

cases. percentage. cases. percentage.

Disease.

Diphtheria,

Malaria,

Syphilis,

Cerebro-spinal

Meningitis,

....

4

25.0

11

81.8

55

9.0

36

50.0

76

14.4

32

18.7

122

33.6

102

89.4

B.-Diseases for which, at present, there is no specific remedy :-

Lobar pneumonia,

Influenza,

Beri-beri,..

Pulmonary phthisis,

131

35.1

123

64.2

327

17.1

312-

28.2

471

37.5

433

48.9

256

52.3

279

62.7

It will be seen that Western medicine, as judged by mortality is as 2:11 compared with Eastern medicine where there is a specific remedy known and as 7:10 where a specific remedy is not in use.

In 1917 these figures were rather more striking and were then 9:1 and 2:1 respectively.

OUT-PATIENT DEPARTMENT.

Native treatment (new and old cases)....

Western

""

(

)....

119,602

20,514

It will be seen that approximately 85% of the out-patients received native treatment. This has been the proportion for several years past and it is highly improbable that the proportion will seriously change till an increase of staff and general equipment is obtained.

17

J

M 58

REMARKS ON SPECIAL DISEASES.

Beri-beri.-In all 904 cases were treated with 389 deaths, i.e., 43.03%. In 1917 there were 826 cases with a death-rate of 35·2%. A great difficulty in diagnosis arose during the year owing to the common presence of another form of peripheral neuritis, viz., influenzal. For the most part the latter form yielded more readily to treatment. This disease again easily claims the greatest number of sufferers among the patients and has caused almost 300 more admissions than the influenza epidemic.

Malaria.-There were 91 cases admitted with 23 deaths, i.e., 25-2%. In 1917 there were 303 cases treated with 33.6% mortality.

The following were the various types as differentiated by microscopie examination :-

Malignant,

Benign tertian,

Malarial cachexia;

70 cases with 23 deaths.

7

0

""

>>

""

....

14

""

"

The usual routine as to treatment was observed.

Plague.--96 cases with 84 deaths were recorded. There were 19 cases with 19 deaths in 1917.

Cerebro-spinal Meningitis.-With the exception of some cases treated at Kennedy Town Hospital and the Kwong Wah Hospital, Kowloon, almost all the actual treatment of the cases which occurred during epidemic took place in this hospital.

The figures on which Lieut. Olitsky largely based his clinical finding in Hongkong were also obtained here.

There were in all 486 admissions and of these 299 died. The remaining 187 were discharged, cured.

This gives a mortality of 61.5%. An analysis of these cases shows that the mortality varies greatly with the form of treatment used:

1. Western treatment.-This includes lumbar puncture with the injection of serum intra-thecally and into the blood stream directly.

There were 122 cases so treated with 41 deaths, i.e.,

33.6% mortality.

Various sera were used but that obtained from the Rockefeller Institute was very much the most potent.

It is hoped, with good reason, that the serum produced in the Bacteriological Institute may be at least equally efficacious.

2. A mixed treatment.- By this, one means that owing to the patient's wishes the proper course of treatment could not be definitely followed.

Of such cases there were 260 with 155 deaths, i.e., 59.6%.

M 59

-

3. Under Eastern treatment only. Of these there were

104 cases with 93 deaths, i.e., 89.4%.

Briefly one may tabulate the mortality as follows:-

Total mortality...

1.ด

61.5%.

European treatment shows 33.6% mortality.

Mixed

Eastern

19

""

59-6%

89.4%

""

""

Influenza.-There were 639 admissions with 144 deaths, i.e.,

22.5%.

In a very large number of these cases pneumonia was present.

As a sequel peripheral neuritis was of common occurrence.

OBSTETRICAL DEPARTMENT.

Cases of normal labour,

abnormal

39

Total,.....

.332

22

.354

The increase in this department still continues. It is as

follows:-

1914,...

1915,......

1916..

1917,......

1918,...

87

172

212

289

354

All cases are treated by Western methods.

The abnormal cases are classified as follows:-

Delayed labour requiring forceps delivery, ...14

Transverse presentation,..

Breech presentation,

Retained placenta,

Eclampsia,

Placenta prævia,

1

2

2

1

2

SURGICAL DEPARTMENT.

There has been a slight decrease in the number of general

operations performed: 207 operations as against 238 in 1917.

M 60

A classification of the operations performed is as follows:-

GENERAL OPERATIONS.

Digestive System:-

14

~ N

2

7

5

9

2

1

6

5 2

2

11

1

Alveolar and tonsillar abscess

Hepatic abscess

Inguinal hernia

Empyema of the gall bladder Hæmorrhoids

...

Fistula-in-ano and ischio-rectal abscess Exploratory laparotomy

Circulatory System :-

Ligation of femoral artery..........

Respiratory System :--

Resection of rib for empyema

Genito-Urinary System:-

Circumcision...

...

Hydrocele (radical cure) Vesical calculus (suprapubic)

Urethral stricture (dilatation)

Ovarian cyst...

Condyloma of vulva

Osseous System :-

Osteomyelitis

Necrosis of jaw

Haemopoietic System:

Excision of tuberculous glands Excision of malignant glands

Amputations...

Removal of foreign bodies

:

:

:

:

:

:

::

:

:

:

:

::

Intravenous injection of Neoarsenobenzol ...

:

:

Abscesses, cellulitis, chronic ulcers, fractures, lacerat- ed wounds, etc., treated under general anaesthesia

---

SO LO

5

3

1

6

23

86

207

M 61

EYE DEPARTMENT.

This has, as in former years, been under the care of Dr. Harston:

GENERAL COMPARATIVE STATISTICS.

1918. 1917.

Cases remaining in hospital at end

of 1917,

...

233

263

Admissions,

6,329

5,089

Total number of in-patients, ...

***

6,526

5,352

Deaths,

...

2,123

1,455

Discharged,

4,163

3,664

Males treated,...

...

Females treated,

Hospital,

...

...

Remaining in hospital at end of

Transferred to Government Civil Hospital,

Bodies brought in dead to the Tung Wah

Bodies sent to the Public Mortuary,

Free Burials,

Destitutes sheltered,

Vaccinations, ...

year,

276

233

***

5,148

4,180

1,414

1,172

36

84

2,072

1,436

***

841

571

4,563

4,343

C

534

1,115

*

605

6,645

M 62

Table I.

Diseases and Deaths in 1918 at the Tung Wa Hospital.

Remain-

Remain-

ing in

Yearly Total.

Total

DISEASES.

Hospital

Cases

ing in Hospital

at end of

Admis-

Deaths.

Treated. at end of

1917.

sions.

1918.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Chicken-pox

2

2

Measles

15

15

Mumps

1

0

1

Lobar Pneumonia..

က

251

125

254

Diphtheria

15

10

15

Typhoid Fever

12

9

12

...

Febricula

2

2

Erysipelas

1

1

Septicæmia

4

4

...

Tetanus....

1

Cerebro-spinal Meningitis

486

299

486

Small-pox....

3

2

3

Influenza

639

144

639

8

Plague

96

84

96

Dysentery.

6

162

79

168

Beri-beri

38

866

389

904

67

55

Leprosy

1

0

1

Malarial Fever :-

(a) Benign Tertian

7

0

7

-

...

(6) Malignant ........

13

57

23

70

2

(c) Malarial Cachexia...

14

14

Syphilis :-

Acquired

co

3

105

16

108

2

Tuberculosis:-

(a) Phthisis Pulmonalis

20

515

309

535

41

(b) Generalised

1

8

9

Gonorrhoea

Rheumatism

New Growths:

(a) Non-malignant

48

0

48

47

47

(b) Malignant

Anaemia

Senile Debility

ONON

2

1

6

2

4

108

47

112

8

*7*2

4

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System :-

I.-Organic.

Diseases of the Nerves, Meninges,

Brain and Cord

28

332

128

360

11

Carried forward,...

118 3,813

1,682 3,931

151

M 63

Table 1,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1918 at the Tung Wa Hospital.

Remain-

Remain-

ing in

Yearly Total.

Total

DISEASES.

Hospital

Cases

ing in Hospital

at end of

Admis-

Deaths.

Treated, at end of

1917.

sions.

1918.

Brought forward,

118

3,813

1,682

3,931

151

LOCAL DISEASES,-Continued.

II.Functional.

Epilepsy

Mental Diseases

Diseases of the Eye

Diseases of the Circulatory System :-

(a) Diseases of the Heart

""

""

Arteries

Diseases of the Respiratory System:- (a) Diseases of the Bronchi

(b)

""

""

(c)

17

Pleuræ

Lungs

2

2

...

17

17

16

65

81

5

0

29

401

170

430

22222

32

Diseases of the Digestive System:-

(a) Diseases of the gastro-intesti-

nal tract.....

(b) Diseases of the Liver

Diseases of the Urinary System:-

(a) Diseases of the Kidney.

8

1!

305

60

316

7

20

cr

20

4

15

382

157

397

13

>>

Urinary pass-

ages

10

0

Diseases of the Hæmopoietic System:-

(a) Spleen

(b) Lymphatic Glands

Diseases of the Thyroid Gland

Diseases of the Generative System :-

(a) Male

(b) Female

Diseases of the Bones and Joints

the Cellular Tissue

131

7

ОСС

0

10

13 -

1

29

the Skin ..

""

Injuries

Effects of heat or cold.

Poisons:-

Opium Habit

Parasites :-

(a) Intestinal

(b) Filaria

Labour

Diseases connected with Childbirth :-

Abortion

Total

210

1

3

3

1

24

442

32

466

47

:

8

0

8

12

386

3

398

9

:

20

1

20

...

80

11

80

2

6

Q

8

1

0

1

6

343

354

3

2

0

2

233

6,329

2,123

6,562

276

M 64

Table II.

Showing the Admissions and Mortality in the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1918, with the proportion of cases treated by Western and Chinese methods respectively.

WESTERN TREATMENT.

CHINESE TREATMENT.

DISEASES.

Admis-

Admis-

Deaths.

Deaths.

sions.

sions.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Chicken-pox

1

0

1

0

Measles

6

0

9

0

Mumps

1

Lobar Pneumonia

131

46

123

79

Diphtheria

4

I

11

9

Typhoid Fever

5

3

Febricula.....

Erysipelas

1

Septicæmia

1

1

3

3

Tetanus

1

0

4

4

Cerebro-spinal Meningitis.

122

41

364

258

Small-pox

1

1

2

1

Influenza..

327

56

312

88

Plague....

37

31

59

53

Dysentery

86

27

82

52

Beri-beri

471

177

433

212

Leprosy

=

Malarial Fever

(a) Benign Tertian

5

(6) Malignant

41

(c). Malarial Cachexia

9

Syphilis :-

Acquired.

76

11

ཨལ

040

29

18

охо

32

5

Tuberculosis :

(a) Phthisis Pulmonalis

256

134

279

175

(b) Generalised

3

3

6

10 10

Gonorrhoea

34

0

14

0

Rheumatism

New Growths :-

(a) Non-malignant (b) Malignant

Anæmia

Senile Debility

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System

I.-Organic.

Diseases of the Nerves, Meninges, Brain

and Cord.

21

26

0

45159

0

1

0

26

53

~18

1

0

21

Carried forward

192

57

168

71

1,902

621 2,029

1,061

- M 65

Table II,-(Continued).

Showing the Admissions and Mortality in the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1918, with the proportion of cases treated by European and Chinese methods respectively.

DISEASES.

Brought forward,.

LOCAL DISEASES,- Continued.

II.-Functional.

Epilepsy

Mental Diseases

Diseases of the Eye

Diseases of the Circulatory System :-

(a) Diseases of the Heart.

(b)

""

""

Arteries

Diseases of the Respiratory System :~

(a) Diseases of the Bronchi

WESTERN TREATMENT.

CHINESE TREATMENT.

Admis-

Admis-

Deaths,

Deaths.

sions.

sions.

1,902

621

2,029

1,061

271

81

3

0

1

1

0

223

72

207

98

169

24

147

36

19

5

1

0

213

66

184

91

5

(b)

17

>

"

Plenræ

Lungs

Liver

Diseases of the Digestive System:

(a) Diseases of the gastro-intestinal tract...

(b)

وو

งา

Diseases of the Urinary System :→→

(a) Diseases of the Kidney

**

Urinary passages

Diseases of the Hæmopoietic System :-

(b)

(a) Spleen

() Lymphatic Glands

Diseases of the Thyroid Gland....

3

1

Diseases of the Generative System :-

(a) Male

2

(b) Female

Diseases of the Bones and Joints

"

the Cellular Tissue

Injuries

the Skin

Effects of heat or cold

Poisons:-

Parasites:-

Opium Habit

(a) Intestinal

(b) Filaria

Labour

Abortion

Diseases connected with Childbirth :-

Total,...

264

11

6

202

18

000

0000000

1

0

::

2

1

:ཌམྦྷསྨམྦྷ ས

1

2

202

21

0

196

51

Co

6

29

8

0

1

0.

354

· 1

2

0

3,558

810

3,004

1,313

M 66

KWONG WA HOSPITAL, YAUMATI.

(Affiliated to the Tung Wa Hospital.)

No. of Patients remaining at end of 1917 No. of Patients admitted during 1918 ... No. of Deaths during 1918

Annexe L.

:

128

... 2,696

777.

...

ALICE MEMORIAL AND AFFILIATED HOSPITALS, 1918.

Remaining

at end of Admitted. Died.

Alice Memorial Hospital,

Ho Miu Ling Hospital,

Nethersole Hospital,

***

...

:

:

Alice Memorial Maternity Hospital,

Total,

1917.

7

:

71

1

35

...

403

23

29

495

50

...

10

543

8

...

:.

81

1,512

82

M 67

Annexe M.

BACTERIOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.

REPORT BY THE GOVERNMENT BACTERIOLOGIST.

THE PREPARATION OF CALF LYMPH.

Twelve calves were inoculated (39 in 1917). The total number of tubes of lymph issued was 6,097 (19,726 in 1917). The value of the lymph according to Government Notification No. 380 of 1910 was $2,668.50 ($8,020.80 in 1917).

EPIDEMIC CEREBRO-SPINAL MENINGITIS.

Owing to the outbreak of Cerebro-Spinal Meningitis, Lieut. P. K. Olitsky of the Rockefeller Institute visited the Colony and worked in the Institute from May 5th to July 13th. On his advice the preparation of immune serum was undertaken and five horses are now under inoculation for this purpose.

CONTAGIOUS ABORTION.

The attempt to immunise cattle against this serious disease has been carried on throughout the year with varying success. The work will be continued in 1919 and it is hoped that, with the experience gained, a more uniform result will be obtained.

ROUTINE EXAMINATIONS.

Under this heading are grouped the various examinations of materials sent in. The number was 87,136 as compared with 87,908 in 1917, of which 85,402 were the examination of rats for plague :-

New Growths,-Examination by section,...... Widal's Reaction for the bacillus typhosus.

""

""

"

Examination by culture for bacillus diphtheria,

60

334

paratyphoid B,

334

45

"

33

meningoccoi,

77

""

B. Dysenteriæ,

2

carriers of meningococcus,

354

""

""

Microscopical examination for malaria parasite and

differential count of

leucocytes,......

spirocheta pallida by dark ground condenser,

72

2

55

""

of stools for eggs,

27

27

,, sputum for tubercle

bacillus,

142

Carried forward, ...... 1,449

:

M 68

Brought forward,.............

Microscopical examination of urine

1,449

for

tubercle

bacillus,

4

urine for cast,

15

""

""

""

for gonococcus,

60

"">

""

bacillus of leprosy, plague,

2

1

of stool for amæba

6

""

""

for anthrax,...

1

"

,, spermatozoa,

1

Bacteriological examination of water,.

Wassermann's syphilis reaction,

Medico-legal examination of clothing, knives, etc.,

for blood, (Precipitive Test)

Examination of rats for plague,

72

105

2

.85,402

Miscellaneous,

16

Total,

87,136

EXAMINATION OF RATS.

The results are given in Table I. The total number of rats. examined was 85,402 as compared with 86,114 in 1917.

found to be plague-infected (23 in 1917).

BACTERIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF WATER.

186 were

The three chief water supplies of the Colony (Kowloon, Tytam, and Pokfulum) were examined quarterly and the results are given in Tables II, III, and IV.

In every case the sample was taken at its source, i.e., either directly before or directly after filtration.

The methods used in carrying out the examinations were the same as those described in my "Report on an Investigation of the Pokfulum Water Supply" (No. 20 of 1911).

:

M 69

Table I.

The Examination (post-mortem) of Rats.

Month.

Total. Male. Female.

Plague Preg- infected. nant.

January..

7,237 3,573

3,664

February

6,047 2,963

3,084

:

:

567

485

March

7,822 3,773

4,049

644

April

8,105 3,959

4,146

615

May.

8,455 4,127

4,328

40

669

June.

7,298 3,527 3,771

July.

7,453 3,567

3,886

སྤྲ❁

60 583

57

604

August

7,054 3,405

3,649

15

605

September.

October

November

December

6,900 3,337

7,088 3,454 3,634

5,985 2,939 3,046

5,958 2,861

3,563

2

610

3 614

565

3,097

584

Total...... 85,402 41,485 43,917 1867,145

Strychnine

poisoning.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Newly born and

not

classified.

146

129

165

172

178

162

157

137

138

162

124

139

1,809

Table II.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Kowloon Water Supply for the year 1918.

Rate Total Colo-

of

nies on

Sample.

Date.

Filtra-

Agarin 1 cc

at 37° C. for

tion.

24 hours. cc.

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

Salt Peptone Water.

Presence of the Coli Group.

1 cc.

2 cc. 5 cc.

10 cc. 20 cc. | 50 cc.

Unfiltered,

8-1-18.

40

Filtered,

8-1-18.

540

10

Unfiltered,

10-1-18.

25

Filtered,

10-1-18. 496

Unfiltered,

12-1-18.

30

Filtered, ...

12-1-18.

504

10

Unfiltered,

9-4-18.

50

Filtered,

9-1-18.

488

30

Unfiltered,

11-4-18.

70

Filtered,

11-4-18.

470

40

...

Unfiltered,

13-4-18.

70

Filtered,

13-4-18. 476

35

Unfiltered,

9-7-18.

35

Filtered,

9-7-18.

468

10

Unfiltered,

11-7-18.

40

Filtered,

11-7-18. 504

20

Unfiltered,

13-7-18.

40

...

Filtered,

13-7-18. 421

10

Unfiltered,

8-10-18.

25

Filtered,

8-10-18.

355

10

Unfiltered, 10-10-18.

20

Filtered, 10-10-18.

385

5

Unfiltered,

Filtered,

/12-10-18.

30

12-10-18.

385

10

+++!

+│+│+1+

+1 +1 +1 +14

[ + │[ ] + 1 + 1 +++ + + +

+1

1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + + + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 +

+++++

+

+ + + 1 + 1 + 1 +

Groups II & III in 10 ccs. Negative up to 50 ces. Group III in 20 ccs. Negative up to 50 ccs. Group III in 20 ccs. Negative up to 50 ccs. Group IV in 10 ees. Group IV in 50 ccs. Group IV in 10 ees.

Group IV in 50 ccs.

Group III in 10 ccs.

Group IV in 50 ccs.

Groups III & IV in 1 cc. Group III in 10 ces. Group III in o

10 cc.

Group III in 50 ccs. Groups III & IV in 1 cc. Group III in 50 ees.

Group IV in 5 ces.

Group IV in 50 ces.

Group IV in 20 ces.

Group IV in 50 ces.

Group I & IV in 10 ccs.

Group IV in 50 ccs.

The rate of filtration is given by the

All samples taken either immediately before or immediately after filtration.

Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli Group is that of MacConkey, Acid and Gas

· +=

1= Acid only;

p

No change.

---M 70-

.

Table III.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Tytam Water Supply for the year 1918.

Rate

Total Colo-

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

Salt Peptone Water.

Group IV in 2 ccs. Group IV in 10 ces. Groups III & IV in 1 cc. Group IV in 50 ces

Group IV in 5 ces. Group IV in 50 ccs. Group III in 10 ccs. Group IV in 20 ccs. Group I in 10 ces. Negative up to 50 ccs. Group IV in 5 ccs. Group IV in 50 ccs. Groups II & III in 1 ce. Group III in 2 ccs.

of

nies on

Sample.

Date.

Agar in 1 cc

Presence of the Coli Group.

Filtra-

at 37°C. for

tion.

24 hours. To cc.

10

1 cc. 2 cc.

5 cc.

10 ec. 20 cc. | 50 cc.

Unfiltered,

7-1-18.

80

Filtered,

7-1-18. 790

40

Unfiltered,

9-1-18.

35

Filtered,

9-1-18. 900

Unfiltered,

11-1-18.

25

Filtered,

11-1-18. 626

10

++ || |

Unfiltered,

8-4-18.

25

Filtered,

8-4-18.

744

10

..

Unfiltered,

10-4-18.

20

Filtered,

10-4-18.

744

Unfiltered,

12-4-18.

60

Filtered,....

12-4-18. 744

5

Unfiltered,

8-7-18.

30

Filtered,

8-7-18.

780

10.

Unfiltered,

10-7-18.

20

Filtered, ...

10-7-18. 744

10

Unfiltered,

12-7-18.

20

Filtered,

12-7-18.

730

20

Unfiltered,

7-10-18.

50

Filtered,...

7-10-18. 760

5

Unfiltered, 9-10-18.

30

...

Filtered,

5

45

...

15

+1

| + | | | +││││+

+1 +1 + | | | | 1+1+++|+++ 1+|+|

+++ | + | +++

1 + 1 + 1 +++ | +++ | + | + | + | + | +++

+++1 +1 +++ 1 + 1 +++ [+++ 1 + 1 + 1

+

+ + + ++++

9-10-18. 750

Unfiltered, 11-10-18.

Filtered, 11-10-18. 760

All samples taken either immediately before or immediately after filtration.

Group III in 2 ccs. Group III in 50 ccs.

Groups II & III in 2 ccs. Group III in 5 ccs. Group III in 1 cc. Negative up to 50 ccs. Group IV in 2 ces. Negative up to 50 ccs. Group IV in cc. Group IV in 50 ccs.

The rate of filtration is given by the Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli Group is that of MacConkey, + = Acid and Gas ; Acid only; -No change.

M 71 -

Table IV.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Fokfulum Water Supply for the year 1918.

Rate Total Colo-

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red, Bile

Salt Peptone Water.

nies on

of

Presence of the Coli Group.

Sample.

Date.

Agarin 1cc

Filtra-

at 37° C. for

tion.

24 hours. 1 cc.

1 cc. 2 cc.

5 cc.

10 cc. 20 cc. | 50 cc.

· M 72 -

Unfiltered,

7-1-18.

Filtered,

7-1-18.

294

Unfiltered,

9-1-18.

Filtered,

9-1-18.

294

Unfiltered,

11-1-18.

Filtered,

11-1-18.

294

Unfiltered,

8-4-18.

125

...

Filtered,

8-4-18. 325

ེ༅ ོ

5

Unfiltered,

10-4-18.

100

Filtered,

10-4-18. 325

10

Unfiltered,

12-4-18.

80

Filtered,

12-4-18. 326

10

Unfiltered, 8-7-18.

50

Filtered,... 8-7-18. 700

30

Unfiltered,

10-7-18.

50

Filtered,

10-7-18. 650

Unfiltered,

12-7-18.

30

Filtered,

12-7-18. 525

10

Unfiltered,

7-10-18.

45

Filtered, ...

7-10-18.

500

10

Unfiltered,

9-10-18.

40

Filtered,

Filtered, Unfiltered, 11-10-18. 11-10-18.

9-10-18.

500

50

625

5

| + | + | + | | | + | + 1 + ! | | +1 +1 1 1 +

! + 1 + 1 + | | | + 1 + 1 + 1 | | + 1 + 1 1 1 +

+ I + !+ 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + !+ !

+ 1 + !+ 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + !+ !+ !+ !+I+I

| + 1 + 1 + ! + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 +

+ + + 1 + 1 + 1 +++ ¦ +++ 1 +++++ |+|

Group II in 1 cc.

Group II in 50) ces. Groups II & III in 5 ccs. Negative up to 50 ccs.

Group III in 1 cc. Negative up to 50 ces.

Group IV in 20 ces. Negative up to 50 ccs. Group III in 5 ccs. Negative up to 50 ccs. Group II in 1 cc. Negative up to 50 ces. Groups III & IV in 1 cc.

Group III in 50 ccs.

Groups III & IV in 1 cc.

Negative up to 50 ees. Group IV in 5 ccs.

Group IV in 50 ccs. Group III in

1 cc.

Group III in 50 ces. Group III in I ce.

Negative up to 50 ces. Groups II & III in 1 cc. Negative up to 50 ccs.

All samples taken either immediately before or immediately after filtration. The rate of filtration is given by the Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Çoli Group is that of MacConkey, + Acid and Gas ; ↓ Acid only;

No change.

M 73

Annexe N.

PUBLIC MORTUARY, VICTORIA.

REPORT BY THE GOVERNMENT BACTERIOLOGIST.

Report on Post Mortems.

Male bodies examined,

Female bodies examined,

...

...

:

:

...

1918. 1917.

... 2,080

1,554

2,016

1,640

4,096

3,194

2,549

680

645

..

4,096 3,194

Total,

Claimed bodies sent from hospital and other places, 3,416 Unclaimed bodies mostly abandoned,

...

Total,

Epitome of Causes of Death.

I.-General Diseases,

II. Local Diseases :-

(a) of the Nervous System,

(1)

"

(c)

(d)

""

(e)

(f)

"

Circulatory System,

Respiratory System, Digestive System,

Genito-Urinary System, Osseous System,

III. Deaths from Violence:-

(a) General,

(b) Local,

Total,

:

1918.

1917.

2,468

1,778

16

9

88

73

946

774

465

464

18

24

6

1

:

:

:.

:.

...

:.

5.1

37

38

34

4,096 3,194

;

2

General Diseases.

M 74

(b.) Of the Circulatory System:-

1918. 1917.

Small-pox

5 245

Plague

90

4 Pericarditis, acute

Diphtheria

59

15

Typhoid fever

72

22

"

Measles...

5

Influenza

69

وو

19 18. 1917.

13 13

chronic

2

1

hæmorrhagic

tubercular

septic

Epidemic Cerebro-Spinal

Meningitis

257

Malaria

160 102

Acute ulcerative endocarditis

Aneurysm of heart.

Congenital heart disease

Beri-beri

86 65

Fatty degeneration of heart..

Septicemia

44

52

Brown atrophy of heart

7

Puerperal fever

5 1

Valvular disease of heart

20

11

General tuberculosis

261

58

Syphilitic aortitis,

7

13

Syphilis...

357

251

Rickets

1

Filariasis

1

Pernicious anæmia

3

Prematurity

146 173

Marasmus

422 440

Still-born

100 88

Atelectasis

82 87

Icterus neonatorum

Senile decay...

16

33

1

Noma

6 4

Gumma of heart

Hæmopericardium following

rupture of aneurysm of 1st part of aorta

Aneurysm of thoracic aorta... Aneurysm of abdominal aorta Thrombosis of iliac vein Arterio-sclerosis

Rupture of aneurysm of aorta Atheroma of aorta

Pseudo-leukæmia infantum,

1516

1

Chronic opium habit

1

Debility...

2

Total

1

10

11

1

73

Purpura hæmorrhagical

Melanotic sarcoma

Decomposed bodies (no dia-

gnosis possible)

Ascariasis

1

1

215 130

1

Status lymphaticus

1

Acute pemphigus...... Anencephala...

Gangrene of legs.

Leprosy...

(c.) Of the Respiratory System:-

Broncho-pneumonia and

1918. 1917.

1

bronchitis...

556 475

Tubercular broncho pneumonia 21

14

Lobar pneumonia

117

54

Chronic intestitial pneumonia

2

9

Total ...

.. 2,468 1,778

Acute fibrinous pleurisy

95

108

Chronic pleurisy...

Pulmonary tuberculosis

25

Local Diseases.

Abscess of lung

3

(a.) Of the Nervous System:-

Cerebral hæmorrhage...

Empyema

20

1918. 1917.

Emphysema

6

Acute phthisis

54

37

:

3

Tubercular meningitis

concussion

23

Hydrocephalus

Meningitis

Total

16

1

11.

21213

Chronic

1 1 Syphilitic intestitial

43

43

2

pneumonia

1

1

1

Anthracosis

4

1

Gummata of lungs

Purulent pleurisy

Carried forward ... 946

759

*

M 75

Brought forward... 946 759

Brought forward ..

15

20

Pleurisy with effussion

1

Hæmorrhage following rup-

Miliary tuberculosis of lung

13

ture of extra uterine

Hæmorrhage from tuber-

gestation

1

2

culous lung

1

Hydated mole

1

Septic metritis

Total

946 774

Cancer of uterus

1

Ovarian cyst...

1

(d.) Of the Digestive System :--

Total...

18

24

1918. 1917.

Tabes mesenterica

14 36

Acute peritonitis...

26

13

Chronic peritonitis

1

15

Acute gastro enteritis Cancer of liver

349

319

2

stomach

1

23

"

pancreas

Polylobular cirrhosis of liver

Biliary cirrhosis of liver

1

8

Infarction of intestine...

1

1351

(f.) Of the Osseous System :-

Tubercular caries of spine ... 6 1

Injuries (Death from Violence):-

(a.) General:--

1918. 1917.

1918. 1917.

Tubercular ulceration of

Multiple injuries...

11

7

intestine

17

27

stab wounds...

3

29

Suppurative cholangitis

4

4

bullet wound

4

Acute dysentery

26

6

Asphyxia

16

23

Intestinal hæmorrhage

1

Drowning

10

Amoebic abscess of liver

Opium poisoning..

2

Multiple pyæmic abscess of

Tetradon poisoning

1

liver

2

Bandoline poisoning

1

Acute liver atrophy

Carbonic oxide poisoning

1

Strangulated umbilical-

Burns and scalds .......

hernia

1

Electrocution

I co

3

1

Diarrhoea

18

Acute intestine obstruction

Total...

51 37

Gangrenous intussusception

Total ...

465 464

(b.) Local:---

1918. 1917.

(e.) Of the Genito-Urinary System:-

Bullet wound of brain...

1918. 1917.

"

""

11

heart .....

Sub-acute nephritis

Chronic nephritis...

Small white kidney

Placenta prævia

Hæmorrhage following

1 6

abdomen stomach

ANN

2

1

2

""

8

10

Tubercular pycls-nephritis...

Post-partum hæmorrhage

Stab 'wound of heart

Fracture of skull...

liver and thigh...

1

thorax

1

22

19

abortion

Carried forward ... 15

2

>>

""

1

4 ribs..

,,

>>

""

""

spleen and leg...

1

""

>"

pelvis and legs ..

203

Carried forward ...

31

24

1

1

Brought forward

31

24

M 76

Nationality of Bodies.

Frature of neck

1

1918. 1917.

liver

2

"

""

kidney...

Chinese...

cervical vertebræ

1

Japanese

4,079 3,185

3 3

Cut-throat

Rupture of heart

??

spleen

wound

..

Cerebral hemorrhage (violence) 1

Hæmorrhage following bullet

Hæmorrhage over surface

of brain

Hæmorrhage following wound

in neck

Hæmorrhage following fracture

of liver

Indian

1

1 Irish

1

2 Filipino..

Malay

1

1

Portuguese

2 European

British

w

1

Sikh

1

Annamite

1

Hæmorrhage following incised

wound

Scotch

12

1

1

Total...

38

34

Total...

...

4,096 3,194

Total plague cases

90

11 unclaimed.

79 claimed.

Total small-pox cases

4

4 unclaimed.

O claimed.

Number of bodies sent to Mortuary (Victoria) during 1918.

Victoria.

Harbour.

Old Kowloon.

New Kowloon.

Shaukiwan.

Other Villages.

Chinese

4,079 3,938

55

Malay Indian Iri sh

Portuguese European

1

Filipino

British..

Japanese.

Sikh

4212213

2

1

1

2

1

1

~~ENNT

2

Total.. .4,096 3,950 58

1

:

:

46

39

47

40

M 77

Annexe O.

PUBLIC MORTUARY, KOWLOON.

REPORT BY DR. J. T. SMALLEY, Medical Officer in charge.

1. The total number of post-mortem examinations made during the year was 1,696 as compared with 1,503 last year and 1,278 in 1916.

2. During the year there were 34 cases of plague and 15 of small-pox, as compared with 5 and 154 last year, and 14 and 77 in 1916.

3. The nationalities of the bodies examined were:—

Chinese Portuguese...

Japanese..

Filipino

English

Total

.1,692 1

1

1

1

.1,696

During the year 17,814 rats were examined and 6 were found

to be plague infected.

Decu- Plague manus. infected.

Mas- Plague Plague Rattus.

Baby

Rats, Shrew.

infected. culus. infected..

etc.

4,441

5 2,344

1 1,840

Epitome of the Causes of Death.

I.-General Diseases,

9,144

45

1918.

1917.

577

537

6

7

12

9

540

424

...

220

267

32

23

II.-Local Diseases :-

(a) Nervous System, (b) Circulatory System, (c) Respiratory System, (d) Digestive System, (e) Genito-Urinary System, (f) Osseous System,

III.-Injuries :-

(a) General,

(b) Local,

...

IV. Decomposed Bodies,

:

...

:

34

27

...

21

18

252

191

1,696

1,503

-

:

M 78

(b.) Of the Circulatory System:—

GENERAL DISEASES.

Infective endocarditis,

1918. 1917.

Valvular disease,

Plague,

7

5

Arotic aeurism,

1918. 1917.

1

8

6

2

Small-pox,

11

154

Heart failure,

Enteric fever,

70

38

Diphtheria,

11

14

12

Lobar pneumonia,

61

36

Measles,

5

Syphilis, congenital,

4

Dysentery,

10

9

Malaria,

30

34

Malarial cachexia,

10

11

(c.) Of the Respiratory System :

General tuberculosis,

54

23

Beri-beri,

6

1918. 1917.

Septicemia,

5 Sub-diaphragmatic abscess,

1

Marasmus,

4

31 Pulmonary tuberculosis,

39

29

Prematurity,.

28

32 Empyema,

19

17

Still-birth,

Senile decay,

Inanition,

Tetanus,

41

78 Pleurisy,

1

:

1 Atelectasis pneumonia,

67

40

6

27 Bronchitis,

.. 187

162

2

Icterus neonatorum,

19

19

Whooping cough,

Broncho-pneumonia,

Pneumo-thorax,

1 Pleuritic effusion,

.. 226

172

2

1

Lardaceous disease, .

1

Leprosy,

4

540

424

Anaemia,

1

Cerebro-spinal fever,

142

Puerperal septicemia,

3

Influenza,

47

(d.) Of the Digestive System:-

Septic meningitis,

1918. 1917.

577 537

Carcinoma of colon,...

1

Cirrhosis of liver,

7

8

Tabes mesenterica,

Suppurative peritonitis,

Enteritis,

190

1280

4

3

238

LOCAL DISEASES.

Gastritis,

2

Acute jaundice,

5

3

Tubercular peritonitis,

1

(a.) Of the Nervous System :-

Suppurative pylephlebitis,

1

Hepatic abscess,

1

1918. 1917.

Ankylostomiasis,

Cerebral hæmorrhage,

2

2

Intestinal obstruction,

1

Tubercular meningitis, Convulsions,...

4

Acute colitis,

1

3

5 Appendicitis,

6

7

220

267

.१

M 79

(a.) General:-Continued.

(e.) Of the Genito-Urinary System :-

1918. 1917. ·

Brought forward,... 27

21

1918. 1917.

Poisoning,

1

2

Nephritis, Child-birth,

Ruptured tubal gestation, Post-partum hæmorrhage, Anti-partum hæmorrhage, Placenta prævia,

26

18

Hanging,

6

2

2

Electric shock,

1

1 Concussion,! .......

1

2.

34

27

1

2

Extra versio uteri,

1

(b.) Local:-

32

23

1918. 1917.

Rupture of spleen,

(f.) Of the Osseous System :·

Gunshot wounds,

Fracture of skull,

1918. 1917.

Tubercular disease of hip,

1

Fracture of bladder, Fracture of pelvis,

1000 Or

3

2

12

1

Spinal caries,

1

2

Stab wounds, left thorax, Strangulation,

Fracture of arm,

2211

21

18

INJURIES.

(a.) General:

1918. 1917.

Drowning,

19

14

1918. 1917.

Burns,

1

Asphyxia,

Decomposed bodies,...

252

191.

Multiple injuries,

3

CO

6

252

191

Carried forward, ... 27

21

..

i

- M 80

Annexe P.

ANALYST'S DEPARTMENT.

REPORT BY MR. E. R. DOVEY, A.R.C.SC., Government Analyst.

The number of analyses performed during the year was 1,886 as against 1,169 in 1917.

The following classification shows the nature of the work done :-

I.-Chemico-legal.

>

V-Building Materials.

1918. 1917.

1918. 1917.

Toxicological examinations. (including 16 stomachs),...

57

32

Cement, Paint,

0

1

5

2

Articles for stains,

0 9

Oil,

6

0

Coins and coining materials,..

0 17

Wood,

1

0

Preservative,

0

II-Potable Waters.

Public supplies,

36

36

VI.-Pharmacy Ordinance.

Wells, etc.,

9

31

Medicines for poisons,

16

Mineral waters,

Morphine,

3

Ice,

Cocaine,

1

Opium,

3

III.-Dangerous Goods Ordinance.

Opium leaves,

1

Petroleum oil,

79

70

Pills,

0

Liquid fuel,

27

52

Other drugs,

12

oooooNO

9

0

0

0

Substances for explosives,

0

I

Ships for inflammable vapour,

18

18

VII.-Mineralogical, etc.

Metals,

437

311

IV.- Food and Drugs Ordinance,

Ores,

364

167

Beer,

6

Brandy,

12

Bread,

Burgundy,..

Chinese wine,

Flour,

6

Giu,

3

Ice cream,

Lard,

ཨ་ྲ

2

102

Milk, fresh,

97

ONDONONOR 8

Coals,

11

10

Lignite,

0

1

9

VIII-Oils.

2

Anise,

32 31

13

Cassia,

50

13

2

Wood,.

343

32

0

Colza,

0

1

79

Peanut,

13

2

80

Linseed,

0

1

Milk, condensed,

3

2

Lubricating,

0

9

Margarine,

2

0

Coconut,

6

1

Macaroni,

0

1

Teaseed,

21

10

Pepper,

1

Cottonseed,.

0

2

Port wine,

4

Tallow,

1

Peanut butter,

1

1

Perilla,

2

Rice,

3

0

Castor,

2

Rum,

5

4

Salt,

2

1

IX.-Miscellaneous.

Sherry,

2

2

Coal tar disinfectants,

Whisky,

13

11

Urine,........

2

2

23 14

**

IX.-Miscellaneous,-Continued.

- M 81

IX.-Miscellaneous,—Continued.

1918. 1917.

1918, 1917.

Stone,

0

5

Phosphoric oxide,

Sulphuric acid,

1

0

Silk,

2

Fertiliser,

1

1

Sticklac,

1

Saltpetre.

1

2

Fæces,

1

Caustic soda,

0

1

Dyes,

0

Soap,

Egg yolk,.

2

0

Indigo,

Myrobalane nuts,

1

0

Beeswax,

1

Sacking,

1

0

Cassia bark,

Ammonium sulphate,.

Sodium tungstate,

3

Liquids,

1

4

3

Resin,

4

0

Deposit,

1

1

Tungstic acid,

Soy,

Calculi,

Ink,......

Alcohol,

Sodium sulphide,

Aluminium sulphate.....................

i

0

Sodium silicate,

1

Linen,

1

0

0

Other substances,

0 3

5

0

1

Total,...... 1,886 1,169

TOXICOLOGICAL.

2. Among the chemico-legal investigations made during the year were 25 cases of suspected human poisoning,

The results are tabulated

below:-

Results of Analysis.

No poison found

Opium found

Morphine found

Japanese star anise found

Tetradonin found

Veronal found................

Sapotoxin found

Cantharidin found

Cocaine found.....

Potassium permanganate found Animal toxins found

Total

WATERS.

No. of Cases.

7

6

4

1

1

I

}

}

1

1

25

3. The Pokfulum, Tytam, and Kowloon water supplies were examined every month, and the results showed that these supplies were maintaining their high quality.

DANGEROUS GOODS ORDINANCE.

4. Of petroleum oil and liquid fuel, 106 samples were tested during the year. The tanks of 18 steamers were tested with the Clowes-Redwood apparatus.

M 82

FOOD AND DRUGS ORDINANCE.

5. The following table gives the results of 132 analyses made at the instance of the Police and the Sanitary Department:-

Description. No. of Samples.

No. found Genuine.

No. found Adulterated.

Beer.. Brandy

Gin

Ice

Ice cream

67232) -

6

Milk.

91

67

Port wine

2

Rum....

5

Sherry

2

Whisky

12

10

ONNNNNONO

6

0.

7

0

2

0

2

1

2

0

24

2

0

5

0

2

0

2

METALS AND ORES.

6. The 801 samples of metals and ores examined during the year, comprised the following:-

Metals.

Description.

Tin

Antimony

Mercury

Lead

Copper.

Zine

Gold

Iron

Platinum

Solder

Brass

White metal

Tin slag

-

1918. 1917. Description.

Ores.

1918.

1917.

373

243

Tungsten..

270

73

11

38

Antimony

1

10

7

Iron....

26

24

O Manganese

15

19

1

Tin

2

8

5

Lead

6

14

2

Zinc.....

3

3

24

8

Molybdenum.

3

6

1

0

Gold

1

Arsenic

1

2 Copper...

5

1

Barium.

3

0

Titanium.

Mercury

Calcium.

Bismuth

Graphite

1

Other ores

18

Total,...... 437

311

Total,......

364

167

O❤BONNOOOO

3

2

2

M 83

SAMPLING.

7. An increased amount of sampling has been done during the year, as shown by the following table:-

Substance.

Amount sampled.

Substance.

Amount sampled.

Tin

147,723 slabs.

Wolfram

49,982 bags.

Tea Oil Wood Oil

12,330 cases.

253,024

Iron

30,480 bars.

Lard ....

170,750

Antimony

3,875 cases.

Coconut Oil

450

Manganese Ore..

200 Tons.

Castor Oil...

500

>>

Anise Oil.

2,820 cases.

Perilla Oil

145

""

Cassia Oil

1,677 cases.

EXAMINATIONS FOR THE PUBLIC.

8. The public continue to take advantage of the Laboratory and have forwarded a great variety of samples for examination on pay ment. The fees paid into the Treasury during the year amount to $43,995.00 as against $25,846.50 in 1917.

The value of the year's work as determined from the Tariff of Fees (Government Notification No. 439 of 1918) is $48,670.00 as against $29,861.50 in 1917.

LIBRARY.

9. Several standard works of reference have been added.

SPECIAL REPORTS.

10. Special reports have been supplied on Sodium Tunstate, Tea Seed Oil, Refining of Camphor, Wood Oil Standards, Peanut Oil Standards, Corrosion of Iron, Chinese Resin, and the Compo- sition of Chinese Wolfram.

RESEARCH.

11. Work has been done on the influence of varying condi- tions on the Iodine Value of Oils, and on the analysis of Tungsten Ores.

STAFF.

12. During the year Mr. Yeung Man-yuk was appointed as clerk in the Laboratory.

{

M 84

Annexe Q.

OFFICE OF HEALTH OFFICER OF THE PORT.

REPORT BY DR. G. P. JORDAN, Health Officer of the Port. During the year the work of this Department was carried on by Dr. Jordan, Dr. Keyt, and Dr. Lindsay Woods.

The work is described under three headings

(a) Daily inspection of ships arriving in port. (b) The medical examination of emigrants. (c) Quarantine duty.

(a.)-DAILY INSPECTION OF SHIPS ARRIVING IN PORT.

During the year 3,343 vessels arrived in port and were duly boarded and examined. The usual particulars of the voyage and sickness if any are recorded on the prescribed forms and attested by the Master or Surgeon of each vessel. The causes of deaths are also noted. Of the above number of vessels 1,223 were under the British flag and 2,120 under various foreign flags.

The river steamers from Canton and Macao are not included in the above figures, as such vessels are only boarded when an in- fectious disease is reported or if those places are declared to be infected ports by the Hongkong Government.

(b.) THE MEDICAL EXAMINATION OF EMIGRANTS.

During the year the total number of emigrants examined was 43,830 of whom 188 were rejected on medical grounds. This shows a considerable reduction in numbers as compared with last year when the total number passed amounted to 96,342. This can be accounted for by the unfavourable conditions due to the war, with fewer and smaller ships available than in pre war times, and further emigration to the Straits Settlements was stopped owing to the epidemic of cerebro-spinal meningitis which prevailed in Hongkong during the greater part of the year.

Table I shows the number of emigrants and crews passed and rejections.

Table II gives the monthly emigration figures and also of the crews.

Table III gives a list of the diseases which are accountable for the rejection of the emigrants.

(c.)-QUARANTINE DUTY.

This involves the special examination of all vessels arriving from an infected port as well as all vessels having any suspicion of an infectious disease on board, whether from an infected port

or not.

M 85

LA

The crews and passengers of such vessels are examined by the Health Officer on entering the Quarantine Anchorage.

During the year three vessels were detained in quarantine for small-pox, there were none for plague nor cholera.

Manila was declared an infected port on May 11th for small- pox and later for cholera and continued so till the end of the year. No cases were detected among the arrivals from Manila.

Table IV gives the number of ships detained in quarantine with the causes, dates, and periods of detention.

M 86

Table I.

Emigration Passes and Rejections for 1918.

Ports of Destination.

Passed.

Crews.

Rejected.

Straits Settlements

Calcutta

San Francisco

8,531

1,356

88

537

629

4

5,374

8,818

19

Honolulu

3,086

14

Japan

825

Australia

1,802

1,870

31

Java Ports

9,408

2,021

7

British Columbia

9,921

7,495

11

Seattle

205

British Borneo

2,917

985

13

Mexico

351

South America

592

1,010

Bangkok

112

Liverpool

135

208

Port Said

34

Total

43,830

24,392

188

Table II.

Monthly Returns of Emigrants, Crews, and Rejections.

January.

February

March

April.

May

June

July

August

September

October.

November

December

Months.

Emigrants.

Crews.

Rejections.

6,560

2,328

30

1,667

1,221

25

4,894

2,408

20

2,964

2,160

У

3,155

2,174

6

2,798

2,083

15

4,429

2,139

5

2,617

1,421

1

2,673

2,190

7

6,292

2,387

30

3,296

2,441

20

2,485

1,440

20

Total

43,830

24,392

188

Skin Diseases

M 87

Table III.

Causes of Rejection of Emigrants.

Scabies...

Tinea

Other forms..

Eye Diseases ---

Trachoma Conjunctivitis

Fevers ...

Anæmia and Debility

Ulcers and Sores....

Goitre ...

Deformities

Tuberculosis

Bubo

Herpes Zoster..

Diseases.

Numbers

rejected.

68

1

6

58

32

10

1

2

1

3

I

1

Total

188

Appendix N.

REPORT ON THE BOTANICAL AND FORESTRY DEPARTMENT FOR THE YEAR 1918.

GENERAL REMARKS.

The weather for the first quarter of the year was exceptionally dry as only 142 inches of rain were registered.

From the 23rd August, 1917, to 31st March, 1918, the rainfall amounted to 11:66 inches only, an abnormally dry period.

On the 9th, 10th, and 30th January frosts occurred and very great damage was done to young trees in Hongkong and the New Territories.

Those which suffered most were Poinciana regia, Erythrina indica, and Aleurites triloba.

Of the Poincianas about 800 were killed, and of the Erythrinas about 300.

Other plants which were killed consisted of Poinsettia, Allamanila, Hibiscus Lambertianus, Brownea Ariza, Browned grandiceps, Brownea kewensis, Tomatoes, and French Beans.

Amongst indigenous shrubs which were injured were Melastoma sanguineum, Melastoma candidum, Melastoma repens, Rhodomyrtus tomentosa, Aporosa leptotachya, Breynia fruticosa, and Psychotria elliptica.

The weather was not favourable for the planting of trees until about the middle of April, which was very late as pine-tree plant- ing can often be carried out in January.

The rainfall for the second quarter amounted to 39.16 inches. The third quarter was exceptionally wet, as 62.60 inches of rain were registered.

Typhoon signals were hoisted on two occasions, on the 29th July and the 15th August.

On the latter date a considerable amount of damage was done to trees in the Botanic Gardens and elsewhere.

In the fourth quarter 6:56 inches of rain fell and the weather was warm and cloudy throughout.

GARDENS AND GROUNDS.

Botanic Gardens.-The bright weather at the beginning of the year, as in 1917, was conducive to the growth of winter-flowering annuals, but at the end of the year the weather could scarcely be more unfavourable.

:

N 2

About 100 seedlings of Paulownia Fortunei were raised from seeds collected from the trees in the Botanic Gardens. These will be planted out in various parts of the Colony.

Clerodendron splendens, on a fence in the New Garden, was a fine sight for the first three months of the

year.

The display of flowering plants in pots during March was one of the best there has ever been in the gardens.

In August and September, Achimenes in the No. 3 house attracted a great deal of attention.

A large tree of Eucalyptus tereticornis near the Albany gate, which had been badly damaged by white ants, was cut down to prevent it being blown down in a typhoon.

Small-flowered Hippeastrum plants were taken up from a bed in the Old Garden and replaced with seedlings from good varieties. The Gallery walk was closed in February to allow the Water Authority to put in a twelve-inch water main between Robinson and Caine Roads.

This work necessitated the destruction of a number of plants in Glenealy but after it had been completed the place was planted up and now most of the damage has been obliterated.

The rockeries in Glenealy and elsewhere were overhauled and vacancies filled up with ferns and foliage plants.

The numerous storm-water drains which run under the gardens were examined and cleared by the Public Works Department, and to facilitate future inspections nian-holes were made in both the Old and New Gardens.

The Annual Show of the Hongkong Horticultural Society was held in the Old Garden on the 14th and 15th March.

Cut flowers and pot plants were exceptionally good both from the Peak and the lower level.

Vegetables were up to the average.

On the evening of the 24th October, "Our Day”, a fête was held in the Old Garden and attended by thousands of people. Not- withstanding the huge crowd very little damage was done to plants and shrubs. A sum of $21,664.84 was realized.

The lawns were badly attacked by caterpillars in October, and in spite of several dressings of Jeyes' Fluid and water, the plague continued right up to the end of the year.

Government House Grounds.-Several plants of Daedalacanthus nervosus and Buddleia officinalis were planted in various parts of the grounds.

.

-

N 3

Two seedling trees of Lagerstroemia Flos-reginae, raised from seed obtained from Fiji at the request of His Excellency the Governor, were also planted.

There are two varieties of this tree in the gardens but the Fiji tree is supposed to be different from both.

A hedge of Hibiscus Lambertianus was planted near the stables to replace eventually the bamboos which now serve as a screen.

The lawns were attacked with caterpillars in the autumn and were treated in the same way as those in the Botanic Gardens.

Electric cables were laid underground by the Public Works Department for illuminating the grounds when required.

Mountain Lodge Grounds.—Over 50 Allamandas were planted on one of the banks in the grounds and if they thrive they will make a good show during the summer months.

The lawns were weeded and given a dressing of manure.

The valley to the east of the house was a very pretty sight in March when Rhododendron Farrerae was in flower.

In the summer, parts of the valley were carpeted with Torenia concolor which has been increasing for several years past. The dark blue patches of flowers were most attractive.

The long grass under the trees and shrubs on the natural banks was cut twice during the year, in the spring and autumn.

Blake Garden.-Wire fences, on which creepers have been trained, were put in at both the east and west ends of the gardens.

Two Bougainvilleas and several Poinsettias were planted in various places.

Cockchafer larvae were discovered under the turf in a few places in July but not much damage was done. Turf which was destroyed was replaced.

It is some years since these pests were last found in this garden, although they made their appearance in the Botanic Gardens in 1917. .

Lycoris aurea bulbs alongside the stream flowered well in September.

West End Park.-Agaves which had become too thick were thinned out and the surplus stock was planted in places to prevent persons making paths across the grass.

Mimosa seedlings were taken up and grass kept short.

King's Park. The removal of the wild Pandanus has greatly improved the look of the Park, and a path has been made at the upper end for the benefit of visitors.

=

N 4

The destruction of Mimosa pudica seedlings has been carried out as funds permitted.

As usual, gangs of coolie women were employed in the autumn to cut the long grass.

Several Rhododendrons, obtained from the hills near Shatau- kok, were planted in various places.

Four Poinciana regia, 6 Lagerstroemia, Flos-reginae, 10 Jacaranda ovalifolia, and 1 Bauhinia variegata were planted in addition.

The Cassia Fistula trees planted some years ago flowered for the first time.

For allowing cattle and goats to trespass in the Park several persons were prosecuted and fined.

Colonial Cemetery.-Flowering shrubs which had become worn out were replaced with young plants.

The grass banks and plots were cut regularly and owing to the damp, mild autumn, this work continued to the end of the year.

The trees of Bauhinia variegata flowered well in March and those of Bauhinia Blakeana in October.

Poinsettias made a good show from the middle of November to the end of the year.

The gravel paths were frequently repaired during the summer with disintegrated granite on account of damage done by heavy rains.

Royal Square Garden.-The grass lawns were cut regularly throughout the summer and were given a dressing of artificial fertilizer.

When the wet weather began earthworms became troublesome and these were got rid of by treating the lawns with chachai.

Towards the end of the summer caterpillars were discovered and these were kept in check with Jeyes' Fluid and water.

The Bauhinia Blakeana trees flowered well, likewise the Poinsettias.

Civil Hospital Grounds.-On the south bank Poinsettias which had failed were replaced with young plants.

Seedlings of flowering plants were raised in the Botanic Gardens and grown in pots in the hospital grounds for decorative purposes.

Several flowering shrubs were planted in the beds on the south side of the hospital, and in other parts of the grounds.

Caterpillars on lawns were again a great nuisance but were kept in check by Jeyes' Fluid and water.

7

N 5

In August the lawns were given a dressing of chachai and a large number of earthworms were obtained and destroyed.

Royal Observatory Grounds.---Several patches in the lawns were repaired and the whole given a dressing of artificial fertilizer.

The undergrowth between the grounds and the Kowloon School, as well as that to the east of the grounds, was cut.

Some of the shrubs flowered well during the year.

Seedling annuals were grown on for pots and beds.

Albany Nurseries.-Several Poinsettias were planted to fill vacancies caused by death. The display of these plants from the middle of November to the end of the year was as brilliant as usual.

During the summer months Cannas and other plants made a good show when in flower.

The pink and white varieties of Antigonon leptopus covering the fence at the lower end of the nurseries looked well in the autumn.

Victoria Hospital Grounds.-The Lagerstroemias and other shrubs on the bank near the tennis lawn were pruned and the grass lawns and banks kept free from weeds.

A few Acalyphas which were killed by frost were replaced with Hibiscus shrubs.

Hydrangeas which were planted in front of the hospital last year flowered well.

On a piece of vacant ground on the southwest side of the garden several Chinese palms and Hibiscus shrubs were planted to make a screen.

A bamboo fence was erected, and creepers planted to cover it, to shut off the coolies' quarters.

the

Indian School Garden.--The flowering shrubs were pruned and young

trees re-tied.

The pupils' garden on the upper terrace was levelled and re-arranged.

Ten young plants of Hibiscus were planted to hide the coolies' quarters.

The Allamandas flowered magnificently in the summer, and the Hibiscus shrubs were in flower for the greater part of the year.

The lawns were damaged by caterpillars in July and were subsequently treated with a mixture of Jeyes' Fluid and water.

Other Grounds.-The area of about 7 acres in the Sukunpo Valley, which was filled and levelled by the Public Works Depart- ment in 1917, was planted with grass known as Cynodon Dactylon.

N 6

In India this grass is commonly called "doob" and it is very largely used for making lawns in that country.

The method of planting consisted in taking up small patches, about 6 inches square, of the grass from the roadsides and putting them in at about 6 feet apart.

By the end of the year nearly the whole of the area was covered with a green surface.

The cost of the work was only a few hundred dollars whereas if the ground had been turfed in the ordinary way with the grass generally used for lawns in the Colony, Chrysopogon aciculatus, the cost would have been about $8,000.

The large area near the Golf Club House, Happy Valley, which was damaged by fire in February, was relaid with turf.

A new grass tennis court was made in the Naval Yard at the expense of the local Government.

The numerous other small gardens, plots, and rockeries were kept in good order throughout the year.

HERBARIUM.

Professor E. D. Merrill of the Bureau of Science, Manila, presented 1,008 specimens of plants from Amboina, Manila, and Kwangtung.

Mr. C. O. Levine of the Chinese Christian College, Canton, presented 452 specimens collected on Lofoushan.

From Hainan, Mr. C. Talbot Bowring presented 193 specimens which he had collected in that island.

Three hundred and eighty-two specimens of Chinese plants were sent to the Director of the Botanic Gardens, Sydney, and 16 specimens to Mademoiselle Colani of the Geological Survey, Hanoi.

Several specimens were collected locally and a list of additions to the Flora of the Colony is given in a supplement.

FORESTRY.

Formation of Pine Tree Plantations.--About 35,000 one year old seedlings were planted on the hills in the vicinity of the Fanling Golf Course, over 8,000 in the Cheungshawan catchment area, and 1,000 on Cheung Chau Island.

On the hills east of the Fanling Golf Course, pine tree seeds were sown in situ from which about 105,000 trees were raised.

At Aberdeen nearly 9,000 pine trees were raised from seeds sown in situ.

N 7-

On the tops of the hills west of Beacon Hill, 77 pounds of pine tree seed were sown broadcast, and at Shumwan, 8 pounds.

Broad-leaved Trees Planted.-Over 8,000 broad-leaved trees were planted on the hills in the vicinity of the Fanling Golf Course, 1,046 on Cheung Chau Island, 1,120 above the Pokfulam Conduit, 895 between Deepwater Bay and Repulse Bay, 384 on Mount Kellett, and 145 near Sukunpo.

These trees consisted principally of Tristania, Melaleuca, and Eucalyptus.

Care of Trees in Plantations.-Creepers encircling trees in Pokfulam and Wongneichong forests were cut.

Pine tree plantations formed from broadcast sowing between Beacon Hill Tunnel and Shatin Pass were thinned, also similar plantations on the hills at Fanling.

Pine tree plantations near Laichikok, above the Cheungshawan catchwater and east of Ngautaukok, were also thinned.

At Repulse Bay a few acres of pine trees had to be felled on the area acquired by the Hongkong Hotel Company.

Dead trees were removed from various plantations in Hong- kong and Kowloon,

The villages of Kanghau, Tin Sam, Chakwoling, Lyemun. and Un Ling were fined for forestry offences under Ordinance. No. 6 of 1917, after enquiries had been held.

. Enquiries were also held at the villages of Tai Hom and Aplichau but no fine was recommended.

Trees have had to be cut down in many plantations in connec- tion with the construction of new roads and the alterations of others.

Considerable damage has been done to pine tree plantatious in the vicinity of Kowloon City and numerous arrests have been made by the Forest Guards and convictions obtained.

Although the damage has become less there is still room for improvement.

On Farm Lots belonging to the Dairy Farm Company, which lots were at one time pine tree plantations, much felling was done for the better cultivation of Guinea Grass.

Caterpillars were discovered in the spring on pine trees near Beacon Hill but fortunately they were not in large numbers so very little damage was done.

A forester was stationed at Cheung Chau from the end of September to look after the young trees planted there and to prevent the villagers from destroying wild seedlings coming up on the hills.

N 8

Protection from Fire.-Three new fire barriers were made at Fanling to protect new plantations, and one between Aberdeen and Little Hongkong necessitated by the alteration of the road at that place.

The Tsing Ming Festival occurred on the 5th April and seven fires were reported on that date.

Four persons were arrested by an Officer in the Royal Garrison Artillery on the same date for setting fire to the plantations on Mt. Davis and they were all convicted at the Police Court and fined $10 each.

The Chung Yang Festival was on the 13th October and although it was a Sunday, which greatly increased the crowds who visited the tombs, only four fires were reported.

Sixty-five fires were reported for the year compared with ninety-six for the previous year. There were 31 in the first quarter, 15 in the second, 1 in the third, and 18 in the fourth.

I have again to thank the Honourable the Captain Superin- tendent of Police for kindly allowing his Officers, especially at out- stations, to engage coolies and assist in putting out fires which came to their notice.

To the Honourable the Secretary for Chinese Affairs I am also indebted for the assistance of District Watchmen at the spring and autumn festivals.

Forest Guards Service.---Three hundred and fifty-two persons were proceeded against for committing forestry offences. Of these, 264 were convicted, 12 had their bail estreated, 57 were dismissed with a caution and 17 without, one was required to find a personal bond, and one case was withdrawn.

Particulars are given in Tables II and III.

Four contractors had sums, amounting altogether to $34.50, deducted from their securities for damage done to growing trees in the vicinity of their coolies' matsheds.

On one occasion two of the Forest Guards were badly assaulted by seven men whom they found cutting down trees in a plantation near Shaukiwan. All seven men escaped at the time, but later on two of them were arrested and, on conviction, both were sentenced to six weeks' hard labour.

Two Forest Guards resigned during the year.

Planting and Care of Roadside Trees.-In Hongkong and Kowloon 1,000 trees and shrubs were planted alongside, or in the vicinity of, roads.

On the Taipo Road between the 6th and 9th miles, 885 trees and shrubs were planted.

N 9

Many of these were planted to give an effect when in flower whilst others were put in for shade purposes.

Many Banian trees in the streets had to be cut down to enable building operations and improvements in roads to be carried out.

In connection with the Racecourse disaster in February, several Banian trees alongside the road were destroyed by fire.

Another fire in Beaconsfield Arcade did a lot of damage to four Banian trees growing near Battery Path.

Eight Banian trees alongside the road near the Paper Mills, Aberdeen, were transplanted in connection with the new alignment of the road at that place.

The young trees planted on the sides of the path leading to the wireless station at Cape D'Aguilar were protected with mats against northeast winds.

Bamboos Planted.---In Wongneichong Road, Macdonnell Road, Bowen Road, Bonham Road, and Findlay Path, 1,070 feet of bam- boos were planted to make screens and hedges..

Miscellaneous Planting.-In the Mt. Kellett Cemetery 600 Ficus repens were planted to cover the face of the terraces, and 179 were planted at the foot of the cutting alongside the approach road to the Indian School, Sukunpo.

Six hundred and seventy-one Hibiscus Lambertianus were planted on the inner edge of the new nullah which forms one of the boundaries of the Sukunpo Recreation Ground.

Mongkoktsui-Chinwan Road.-A section of this road having been completed, a beginning was made with planting trees where it was possible to do so.

Altogether 470 were put in and they consisted of Poinciana, Albizzia, and Tristania. The work will be continued in 1919.

Taipo-Fanling-Castle Peak Road.-Along the whole road, trees which had failed for various reasons were replaced by others.

Between Santin and Autau, 623 trees were planted after the widening of the road had been completed.

At the cross roads, Fanling, 17 trees and 6 shrubs had to be transplanted owing to alterations in the roads at this point.

Between Autau and Castle Peak 217 Melaleuca and Tristania trees had to be cut down in consequence of the widening of the road between these two places.

The young trees along these roads have received constant attention throughout the year.

Fanling Hills and Golf Course.-Over 1,000 flowering shrubs were planted in the neighbourhood of the Golf Links in addition to those already mentioned.

:

N 10

The young trees of Bauhinia variegata between the 11th and 13th greens flowered well in the spring.

The Bauhinia Blakeana trees near the 9th green made excel- lent progress during the year and made a good show when in flower in the autumn.

The Hibiscus shrubs along the approach road and at the Ladies' Bungalow were very conspicuous for several months.

Between the 15th and 16th greens, Erythrina Crista-galli showed up well when in flower in April.

Allamandas between the 1st and 2nd, and at the 8th and 9th greens, looked well during the summer.

On the hills east of the 14th tee, Acacias flowered freely in July and August.

The red-leaved Cannas between the 4th and 5th greens made a good show both in and out of flower.

At the 9th, 14th, and 15th fairways, Tithonias made a good display in the autumn.

The Poinsettias were this year again badly damaged by wind, and it has been decided to remove them altogether.

All the fairways of the large course were given a topdressing of good soil, and the worst of them were given a dressing of artificial fertilizer at the rate of five hundredweights to an acre, in addition.

The course was again cleared of all Elephantopus weeds which had made their appearance since last

since last year.

Forestry Service Paths.-These paths in Hongkong and Kow- loon were repaired and put in order at the end of the year.

Clearing Undergrowth around Houses.-The clearing of under- growth for anti-malarial purposes, at the expense of the Government, amounted to about 3,000,000 square feet.

Clearing for Survey Purposes.-In connection with survey and other works, about 4,500,000 square feet were cleared of shrubs, etc., for the Public Works Department. Most of this was done to enable surveys to be made for roads and building sites.

Forestry Licences,

Licences, New

New Territories.--The total amount collected in fees amounted to $4,798.02 compared with $4,822.82 in the previous year.

NURSERIES, AGRICULTURE, &c.

Various kinds of vegetables were grown in the Fanling garden so as to enable the Chinese to see which were likely to find a market in Hongkong.

Unfortunately Onion seed from Tenerife was again unobtain- able, but it is hoped to get a supply for the 1919 season.

N 11

Tobacco was also grown at Fanling and the crop forwarded to an expert for his opinion. Until that is received, it is not possible to say whether it will be a paying concern in the New Territories.

Four varieties were grown, three Philippine and one Chinese. All the varieties made excellent growth with the aid of artificial fertilizers.

The Assistant Director of the Royal Gardens, Kew, reported that seeds of Momordica cochinchinensis which were sent to him for analysis contained an oil which behaved like Tung oil and would possibly be of commercial value.

Seeds of a good variety of Papaya were received from the Chinese Christian College, Canton, and young plants were raised and distributed to Europeans and Chinese in the New Territories.

About 25,000 pine tree seedlings were raised for planting out in 1919.

The crops of rice, lichees, and peanuts were fair.

EXCHANGE OF SEEDS, &c.

The Department is indebted to the following who presented seeds, plants, herbarium specimens, etc. :-Professor E. D. Merrill, Bureau of Science, Manila; Mr. C. O. Levine, Canton Christian College, Canton; Mr. C. Talbot Bowring, Hoihow; Commander Beckwith, R. N., Commander Myburgh, R. N., the Honourable Mr. P. H. Holyoak, Messrs. H. Humphreys and R. Baker, Captain A. E. Hodgins, Mrs. Aubrey; Director, Royal Gardens, Kew; Director, Botanic Gardens, Ceylon; and Director of Horticulture, Giza Mouderieh, Egypt.

The following were the principal recipients :-Professor E. D. Merrill, Bureau of Science, Manila; Mr. C. O. Levine, Canton Christian College, Canton; Director, Botanic Gardens, Sydney; Director of Horticulture, Giza Mouderieh, Egypt; Director, Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta ; Director, Botanic Gardens, Ceylon; Assistant Director, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; Com- mander Myburgh, R. N., Captain A. E. Hodgins, Commander Beckwith, R. N., Mr. H. Humphreys, and the Department of Agriculture, Washington, U.S. A.

STAFF.

Mr. H. Green, Assistant Superintendent, was absent on Mili- tary Service throughout the year.

I regret to have to record the resignation of Mrs. Aubrey, First Assistant Superintendent (temporary), on the 21st March.

Mrs. Aubrey had been in the post just over a year and had done good work.

N 12

For the remainder of the year no European assistance was available.

Mr. Ng Kam-shing was appointed on the 28th January as Assistant Head Forester in succession to Mr. Un Kam-po who resigned on the 31st December, 1917.

A new post of Forestry Foreman, New Territories, was ap- proved, and Mr. Li Koon-yung was appointed on the 1st February.

I have much pleasure in recording my appreciation of the excellent way in which Mr. Luk Tsun-fai, the Head Gardener, has carried out his multifarious duties throughout the year.

W. J. TUTCHER,

Superintendent.

10th March, 1919.

Table I.

RAINFALL, 1918. Botanic Gardens.

- N 13

DATE.

Jan. Feb.

Mar. April May

June July Aug.

Aug. Sept. Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

inch. { inch.

inch. inch. inch.

inch. inch.

inch. inch.

inch. inch. inch. inch. inch.

inch. inch.

'05

1:11

'63 1.18

*53

*05

*01 •11

3.83

2.26 *82

3,

4,

5,

1.77

*25

7.10 *45

*06

1.20

*42

*03

5.35

*02

*02

*20

1:30

*07

2.92

*10

*90

'78

*69

*01

*07

*02 *56

•10

*09

'01

8,

1.48

*08

•21

*23

'01

*29

9,

*07

1.98

'01

*09

*28

*06

10,

*10

2.15

*17

ழ்க்

*06

*37

*30

*03

11,

*39

1:15

*02

'01

12,

:

*47

1.75

*35

'03

13,

*53

'89

*02

*30

14,

*26 01.

15,

58

*01

2:01

*05

*03

*03

2.70

2.62

*11

16,

⚫2.20 *06 3:42

'18

17,

18,

19,

20,

21,

22,

23,

24,

25,

26,

27,

28,

29,

30,

31,

Table I,-Continued.

DATE.

Jan.

Feb. Mar. April May June July Aug. Sept.

Sept. Oct.

Nov. Dec.

Total,.

N 14-

inch.

inch.

inch. inch. | inch. inch. inch. inch.

inch. inch. inch. inch. inch.

*42

留給

5:02 .76 *02

1.86

*30 2.03

*02

'01

*38

*72

.13

·11

11

*45

3.90

*09

*04

*02

.98

*05

6.31

*04

01

*58

•12

4:01

1.98

*02

*03

*19

'10

*01

*01

*42

*11

*78

*02

*04

'01

'01

*06

:

1.10

⚫01

•21

*09

*24

1.82

*08

*12

1.90

*22

1.07

*26

*65

*03

2:00

•14

*03

282

*01

*02

1'03

*40

1.53

'01

•21

*05

*03

1.55

*02

01

*06 1.35

4:13

8.79 26 24 12:50 | 30:23 | 19·87 *04

5.83

*70

Total for the year 109.75 inches. Average for the last ten years at the Botanic Gardens-87·16 inches. Total rainfall registered at the Hongkong Observatory for the year-101 605 inches.

Table II.

FOREST GUARDS' SERVICE: OFFENCES.

1

REPORT OF

Village or District.

Block. Compartment.

Pine trees

Pine tree Pine tree' Brush- branches needles wood

Wild Wild

stealing. stealing. stealing. stealing.

Grass

cutting.

Cattle flowers fruits grazing in stealing. stealing. plantation.

Setting

Earth

cutting.

fire to

plantation.

Victoria, Wongneichong, Shaukiwan,..

Tytam,.

A.B.C.D.E.F.G.

Stanley,

Aberdeen,

Pokfulam,

Kowloon,..

234567∞

A.B.C.D.E.G.

A.B.C.D.E.F.

00 10 20

10

25

B.

A.B.C.

A.B.C.D.E.F. 10

B.C.D.E.F.G.

10

A.B.C.

Harbour Belt,..

A.B.C.D.

Cheungshawan,

10

Kanghau,

11

New Territories,

: ~naw58:

3

23

~ ~~EN∞ ∞

8

14

4

21

18

3

10

21

16

1002 20

6

1

5

12

4

6

1

NON

N 15-

Total for 1918,.

51

65

27

115

64

16

1

12

السمر

1

Nil

Total for 1917,

14

40

35

66

94

19

1

21

2

3

1

N 16

Table III.

POLICE COURT RESULTS.

Cases.

50 cents to $1 fine,

$1.50

""

$2

$2.50 to $3

$4 to $5

$6 to $8

$10 to $100

"J

22

""

1 to 4 days' imprisonment,

5 to 7

""

8 to 14,,

""

1 month's

""

:

:

:.

1918.

1917.

62

62

1

1

55

48

23

28

22

33

0

7

13

27

0

38

16

20

15

3

3

1

17

18

57

41

12

12

1

2

1

0

ลง

2

:

6 weeks'

Discharges, ...

Cautions,

Forfeiture of bail,

Personal bond,.

Withdrawal,...

Strokes with the birch,

:

:

:

:

Total,

352

295

Locality. Kowloon Tsai,...

Fanling,

Pingkong,

N 17

J

Table IV.

NURSERIES.

Expenses.

$528.00 402.00

270.00

Total,...

.$1,200.00

Table V.

REVENUE.

REVENUE,

1918.

1917.

$

C. $ C.

Timber Sales,

930.66

2,118.47

Sale of Plants,

392.15

214.70

Loan of Plants,

119.94

111.48

Forestry Licences,..

4,798.02

4,822.82

Interest on Current Account,

9.36

8.70

Miscellaneous Receipts,

6.67

2.42

Fine Fund,

25.65

15.90

$6,282.45 | $7,294.49

Table VI.

Comparative Statement of Revenue and Expenditure

from the years 1909 to 1918.

Total Revenue.

Years. Total Expenditure.

% of Revenue to

Expenditure.

1909

$ 43,694.46

C.

$

C.

%

11,441.51

26.12

1910

41,707.95

13,230.59

31.72

1911

45,750.85

7,769.82

16.98

1912

39,865.18

2,304.91

5.78

1913

48,745.88

8,352.06

17.13

1914

49,095.97

6,934.21

14:12

1915

49,404.56

6,871.67

13.19

1916

47,325.89

7,034.67

14.86

1917

51,253.82

7,294.49

14.23

1918

51,967.08

6,282.45

12:09

N 18

Supplement.

ADDITIONS TO THE FLORA OF HONGKONG AND

THE. NEW TERRITORIES.

1. Portulaca pilosa, L.-Found by Mrs. C. G. Alabaster on Cheung Chau Island. Previously recorded from Kiaochau and Hainan in China.

2. Galactia tenuiflora, Wight et Arn.-Collected on Cheung Chau Island. Recorded from Hongkong last year for the first time but diffused over tropical Asia.

3. Angelica citriodora, Hance. Not uncommon in swamps at Fanling. Only previously recorded from White Cloud Hills, Canton.

4. Buddleia offinialis, Max.--One bush, with white flowers, about 10 feet high, on Mt. Gough. The typical form with lilac- coloured flowers has been collected in Hupeh, Szechuen, Shansi, and Kansu, and has been cultivated in the Botanic Gardens since 1913.

5. Ipomoea sinensis, Choisy.-Found near Chinwan. Known from Hongkong and Macao.

6. Hewittia bicolor, Wight.-Collected on Cheung Chau Island. Recorded from Hainan, tropical Asia and Africa.

7. Litsea verticillata, Hance.-From Taimoshan, Shataukok and Lantao. Previously collected north of Canton.

8. Loranthus ampullaceus, Roxb.-At Kanghau and Shataukok. - Known from the North River, Kwangtung, Chochaufu, India, and Malaya.

9. Dioscorea daemona, Roxb.--In a wood at Deepwater Bay. Collected in 1914 at Homuntin and previously known from India, Burmah, and Malaya.

10. Tricholaena Teneriffae, Parlat.-One of the commonest grasses on Cheung Chau Island but not previously recorded from China, although known from India and Africa.

Appendix O.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF EDUCATION FOR THE YEAR 1918.

SUMMARY OF CONTENTS:

Revenue and Expenditure.

Classification of Schools :-

(a) Schools to which the Ordinance does not apply

Government Schools.

Military and Police Schools.

Excluded Private Schools.

(b) Controlled Schools:

Grant Schools.

Private Schools.

Subsidised (New Territories) Schools.

(c) The Technical Institute.

Numbers of Pupils.

University Matriculation and Local Examinations.

General.

TABLES.

I.-Government Schools.

II.-Grant Schools: Annual Grant List.

III.-Chart: Total Pupils in English and. Vernacular

Schools.

IV. Percentage of Colonial Revenue spent on Education.

V.-University Examination Results.

VI.-Fees remitted to Free Scholars.

VII.-Technical Institute: Balance Sheet.

VIII.-

Do.

Figures of former years extracted.

IX-XI.-Scholarship Accounts: Balance Sheets.

0 2

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

(Tables I, II, IV, VI, VII, and VIII.)

1. After deducting the school fees received, the total nett expenditure on education was $243,362 ($234,678 in 1917).

2. School and Technical Institute fees amounting to $100,206 were collected ($96,711 in 1917). In addition $4,253 fees were remitted to free scholars ($3,844.75 in 1917).

3. The cost of the Government Schools is compared in Table I with the average of preceding years.

CLASSIFICATION OF SCHOOLS.

4. These are divided into

(a) Schools exempted from liability to registration and inspection under the Education Ordinance of 1913. (b) Controlled Schools, subject to the provisions of the

Ordinance.

SCHOOLS TO WHICH THE ORDINANCE DOES NOT APPLY. GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.

(Table 1.)

5. Queen's College. Mr. T. K. Dealy, the Head Master, retired on pension in May, and was succeeded by Mr. B. Tanner.

6. At the end of the year, 7 masters of the Staff were absent, and their places taken by substitutes including 5 English Mistresses. Women teachers have previously shewn their capacity to teach Chinese beginners: here they were more highly tested, as some of them were in charge of boys of 16 to 18 years of age, and in the Upper School. The experiment proved very successful. Nor is it surprising, when it is remembered that Chinese boys do not shew the wavering attention and do not suffer from the hardly controllable high spirits of our youth at home. Women teachers seem well qualified to replace men within certain limits. But they can not act as Heads of boys' schools: they cannot assist with the games; it is undesirable that they should be put in charge of big Indian boys.

7. The numbers at Queen's College have steadily declined for many years. 1918 shews at last an increase of 30 to 579, in spite of the epidemic of cerebro-spinal fever.

8. During the year a system of medical examination has been instituted, under which a complete medical history of each pupil will gradually be accumulated. Pressure of work in the Medical Department has not permitted this innovation to be carried to a point from which firm conclusions can be drawn, but it seems that

1

general health is good, and this is probably due to the encourage- ment of athletics. Nothing is more striking than the improved physique of the boys when compared with the recollection of their meagre appearance and hunched bearing, fifteen or eighteen years ago. In those days a stoop was to a parent's eye the outward and visible sign of a scholarly habit. The condition of the boys' teeth would seem to be fair. The state of their eyesight is, I fear, extremely unsatisfactory, and will be the subject of my careful attention.

9. The end and test of the curriculum at Queen's College is the passing of the Hongkong University's Matriculation, Senior Local, and Junior Local Examinations. The first two are taken by Class 1 and the last by Class 2. The Government pays the entrance fees, so there is no excuse for boys failing to compete : in fact they are compelled to. The school test for admission to these Classes is fitness to take these examinations; and boys should not be promoted into them unless they are fit. Never- theless year by year I have had to point to a very large percentage of failures, shewing that through either a good-natured slipshod unwillingness to refuse boys promotion or else through fear of their leaving if not promoted, boys are allowed into the top Classes who have no right to be there. They hamper the class- work and tend to give the standard of education at the College a bad name. Last year only 50% of the boys who sat passed the Matriculation, or University Local, and only one-third passed in the case of the Junior Local.

10. I hope it will not be necessary to draw attention to this weak point again. It is the only serious one on the really excellent record for the year. The numbers of passes in themselves are creditable, as will be seen from Table V where Queen's College ap- pears as a very easy first.

11. I have much pleasure in recording the excellent tone of the school, which sets a good example well followed by the District Schools.

12. District Schools: Ellis Kadoorie, Saiyingpun, Yaumati and Wantsai.-These schools are all full, and from them considerable numbers of would-be pupils have to be turned away every Term. Increased accommodation is urgently called for.

13. At least one Mistress is now on the Staff of each School; the result is shewn in a marked improvement in English, especially in the Lower Classes.

14. The Education Committee which sat in 1917 recommended the appointment of one English teacher to each 4 Divisions of a Class or one to a maximum of 120 pupils. The war has made it impossible to give effect to this recommendation, and is to blame for the poor grounding which boys are now being given and which they will never unlearn.

7

0 4

15. Among the activities of these schools are to be noted school bands, and bathing parties, games, and ambulances, and gardens. They figure rather plentifully in the speech-day celebrations of the schools; and doubts have been expressed as to whether the energy devoted to them is altogether well employed. It can not be too clearly remembered that the most lasting and main advantage a Chinese boy gets from his school life is the intercourse with his English teachers. That intercourse is not least valuable in its more informal aspects, when given as it so freely is out of school hours at a bath- ing party or on the football ground.

16. The Ellis Kadoorie School for Indians continues to make progress; the numbers in attendance are increasing, and the work done is improving. A considerable number of the pupils attend free, by the generosity of Sir Ellis Kadoorie and Mr. Arculli.

17. The Praya East School, which is under a Chinese Head- master, continues to do very good work. The school is badly housed in a Chinese tenement in Queen's Road East, and has no playground attached to or near the premises.

18. Outlying District Schools.-Arrangements have been made. whereby the Headmasters (Chinese) of the Un Long School, Taipo School, and Cheung Chau School, are enabled and encouraged to visit Queen's College and the District Schools at intervals, to refresh and improve their methods. These schools are making steady progress.

19. The Cheung Chau School during the year vacated the old premises which were found to be unsafe. The new building, which is larger and more suitable, is on the hillside in a healthy situation. It has the further advantage of possessing a larger garden which is being divided into plots for the use of the pupils. The school buildings at both Un Long and Taipo are too small and not very suitable.

20. British Schools.-The attendance at the Victoria and Kow- loon British Schools shews a slight increase. The pupils in Classes 1 and 2 follow the curriculum laid down by the Hongkong University for the Matriculation (or Senior) and Junior Examinations respect- ively. The results are satisfactory, but it is regrettable that more. children do not remain at school long enough to enable them to pass through these Classes. Cantonese is taught to the senior boys in these schools with some success, especially at the Kowloon School where the subject is now taught under the personal direction of the Head Master.

21. In my report for 1917 I pointed out that the chief difficulty in connection with these schools was one of distance and locality. It is difficult to devise a practical scheme for amalgamating them, while if kept separate, the small numbers in the top Classes make the teaching of special subjects a difficulty. It is partly got over by taking the big boys and girls together: there are objections to

1

0 5

this too. At a meeting of the Legislative Council held on 17th October, the Hon. Mr. Landale made the suggestion that the big British boys should be assisted to complete their education in a northern Port, and thus avoid the climatic and other harmful in- fluences of semi-tropical environment. The idea has no doubt much to recommend it.

22. The quarterly medical inspection continues. There are still too many cases of defective teeth, but I am told by the In- specting Doctors that the improvement since these inspections began is very real.

23. The following extracts from the Annual Report of the Headmaster at the Victoria School are of interest and give a good idea of the nature of the work:

"On the whole, work has been very satisfactory. The boys and girls of Classes 1 and 2 were worked together for the Uni- versity Examination, and a greater number was presented than in any previous year. Of the 9 who took the Examinations, seven passed, including one Matriculation and five Senior Local. The standard of Mathematics for these Examinations is very high, higher in my opinion than that of the corresponding examinations at home. This is probably to suit the more mature minds of the Chinese. It is therefore difficult to get the girls up to the requir- ed standard in Arithmetic.

"The work in the rest of the school has been satisfactory, more so than is normally the case, for the Classes have not been subject to those violent fluctuations caused by the Spring exodus and the influx in Autumn. The most satisfactory pupils are those who enter in the lowest Classes and who have not attended schools where the tone and atmosphere are totally different, and who there- fore take a long time to adapt themselves to their new surround- ings. Parents would therefore be consulting the interest of their children, if they sent them at the earliest age possible.

"The work of the Lower School after some vicissitudes is now proceeding satisfactorily.

"The Upper girls had a course of Cookery in the winter months. These practical lessons make a strong appeal to the girls. I should like this course balanced with practical physics for the boys of the Upper school. I have persuaded two boys of Class 1 to attend the Technical Institute for this subject, but a greater number would take it if we had the means of teaching it on the premises.

"The pupils have been fully informed on the subject of the war by pamphlets and books kindly sent by the War Publicity Committee, and by articles read from newspapers, all of which have formed the bases of Essays in the Upper Classes.

"The school has 19 members of the Ministering Children's League. The football field and fives court continue to be a great

0 6

boon. The Cadet Corps has had a year of varied and interesting work. Our team of Cadets was top of the league, while they also won the swimming shield.

"A sum

of $250 was subscribed and has been invested to provide a prize, called the War Memorial Prize, in memory of the four former pupils who were killed in the War. Their names

are :-

Lieut. E. W. H. Brett.

G. Hoskins.

""

Alan Morris.

"

Private W. Bullock.”

24. The Peak School continues to do good work, although even more than the two other British Schools it is handicapped by fluctuations in attendance, many of the pupils leaving the Colony during the summer months.

25. The doctor's reports at the Peak School are stated by the Head Mistress to be "invariably very good”.

26. The following extracts are from the report of the Head Mistress:-

"86% of the children in the School were under 10 years of agé.

"French was, as in other years, made a special subject, the children in the top class receiving a 40 minute lesson every day of the week. The teaching has been almost entirely by the Direct Method, conversations, songs, etc. The singing of French and English songs was again made a feature of the school work.

"The School premises were extended by the inclusion of the rooms which had hitherto been used as the Head Mistress's quarters. There is now ample class-room accommodation, while a study for the Head Mistress and a Common Room for the teachers supply a long felt want. New desks were supplied to the ad- ditional Class-rooms and the School is now, as far as heavy furni- ture is concerned, extremely well supplied."

27. Belilios Public School.This Girls' School maintains its reputation as a Model School. In addition to the usual school sub- jects Cookery is taught with great success. First aid to the injur- ed and home nursing are also popular subjects and a Nursing Division of the St. John Ambulance Brigade has recently been formed among the Staff. The school suffered a great loss in the retirement in September of Mrs. Tutcher who had heen Head Mis- tress for many years.

28. Trust Funds.-Several Trust Funds for Scholarships are held by the Director of Education. Balance Sheets of these are given in Table IX, X, and XI.

...............

- 0 7

MILITARY SCHOOLS.

29. The only military school open at the end of the year was the Garrison School at Garden Road, which had an average daily number of 110 on the rolls, with a percentage of attendance at 88 (last year 93).

The school was successfully managed during the year, the relation between the teachers and the pupils being excellent.

30. Representations were made by the military authorities that there were no scholarships available for the children of the senior classes when leaving, and the Colonial Government very generously responded by allotting four scholarships to boys and four to girls, available at the British Schools at Victoria and Kow- loon. So far one pupil has benefited, but next year it is hoped more will do so.

POLICE SCHOOL.

31. The average attendance was 16 (23 in 1917; 28 in 1916); the master in charge reports that the discipline and progress of the men attending have been satisfactory.

EXCLUDED PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

32. St. Stephen's and St. Paul's Colleges belonging to the Church Missionary Society have an attendance of 445 boys (573 1917); and the same body manages St. Stephen's Girls' College, which has an average attendance of 72 (110 in 1917).

CONTROLLED SCHOOLS.

GRANT SCHOOLS.

(Table II.)

33. During the year all the English Grant Schools were visit- ed by the Inspector of English Schools. The Classes were seen at work, and all exercises written during Term were examined. Weak points were discussed with the Head Teachers and Assistant Teachers concerned.

34. The work of these schools is very satisfactory, progress being apparent each year. In all, special attention is devoted to the training of character; in the Girls' Schools instruction is given in first aid to the injured, home nursing, and cookery.

35. The number of Vernacular Schools in receipt of a grant is now 26 of which 3 are boys' schools.

36. 101 Vernacular Teachers--45 men and 56 women-at- tended the Normal Class at the Technical Institute and received a very useful training.

ENGLISH PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

37. During the year 21 Boys' Schools (4 Day and 17 Night). and 1 Girls' Day School closed their doors, and 27 new Boys' Schools (6 Day and 21 Night) were opened.

38. The total number of Schools open was:-Day Schools,-2 Girls' and 24 Boys'; Night Schools,-50 Boys'; with a maximum enrolment of 39 girls and 1,555 boys in the Day Schools, and 1,537 boys in the Night Schools, making a total of 3,131 pupils.

39. These figures include 2 Exempted Schools,-the Catholic Seminary, a Day School with 20 students training for the priest- hood, and a Night School maintained by the Kowloon Wharf and Godown Company for the instruction of some of their Chinese employees, with 56 in attendance.

40. The education given in most of the schools is still of a very elementary character. Methods of teaching shew a slight improvement, but very few of the teachers have received any training. Discipline is generally good. Monthly Attendance Re- ports are furnished by all schools.

VERNACULAR PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

41. During the year 95 Private Day Schools were registered including one exempted school, a girls' sewing school at Wanchai. The number of new schools is 2 less than in 1917 and 17 over the number in 1916. 64 Day Schools closed, of which 14 were struck off and 21 disappeared without any notification.

42. There are now 346 Private Day Schools (including 3 exempted schools) as against 315 at the end of 1917. Of these, 6 are placed under Class A, 247 under Class B, and 90 under Class C. In the 6 Class A schools, the teaching is of a fairly high standard- up to Standard VI in all, and, in some cases, up to Chung Hok Standard-and on modern lines. These schools are all well housed with adequate apparatus and suitable staff. The biggest of the 6 has 263 on the roll, 3 of them have an average attendance of over 110 in each, and 2 have over 70. Under Class B, there are 2 kinds of schools, ie, those where the teaching is of as high a standard as in the Class A schools, but is old fashioned and the lower standards are usually much neglected, and those which are generally found to be in order and where the teaching, though of an elementary nature, is on modern lines and produces satisfactory results. Of the Class C schools, those in the central part of the Colony are usually barely efficient and are not bad enough to be struck off. The worst schools are mostly found in the out-lying places like Aberdeen, Shamshuipo, and Shaukiwan, where one cannot expect too much from the teachers who are paid very poorly. Thus it is difficult to get rid of all the inefficient schools.

43. The number of Grant Schools stands now at 26, one man- aged by the London Mission having been struck off the Grant List at the beginning of the year. Steps are being taken to put on the Grant List some of the schools managed by the Confucian Society and by the Tung Wa Hospital.

}

9

44. Certificates were issued to 20 New Private Schools. Of the old ones, the Girls' School at Taikoktsui flourished for only about 2 months during the summer, while the school managed by the Tea-house guild has been going on with an average attendance of about 20. 13 Night Schools closed, of which 1 was struck off and 1 disappeared. The number of Night Schools is now 22.

45. The total number of Vernacular Schools is 394 (26 Grant, 346 Day and 22 Night Schools). 10 applications for the registra- tion of new schools were refused. In 9 other cases, permission was withheld till more suitable premises should be found, and in 2 cases, the applicants disappeared after sending up their applications.

46. There were two prosecutions against unlawful schools. In one case, a fine was imposed, while in the other, the defendant was acquitted.

47. Every school has been visited at least once by the Inspector of Vernacular Schools and several times by the sub-inspector.

SUBSIDISED SCHOOLS-NEW TERRITORIES.

48. At the end of 1917, 45 Subsidised Schools were existing, but soon after the Chinese New Year, sometime in March, two were reported to have disappeared. These were (1) the Girls' School at Un Long and (2) a Boys' School at Kwai Chung. The teacher at Ma Wan having gone to Tsing I the subsidy for the school there was withheld until a suitable teacher should be found. Six new schools were subsidised, viz., the schools at Shàn Ha-wai, Sha Tin; R. C. Church, Saikung; She Tau; Sheung Shui; Tseng Lan-shū ; and Yim Tin-tsai. The number of subsidised schools is now 48. Six schools are to be struck off from January next; this will bring the number down to 42. As some schools have been found to be distinctly better than others, provisions of a higher grant of $10 per month have been made this year for 15 schools. These schools are paid quarterly. In the first 3 quarters, all are paid the same amount of subsidy, i.e., $5 per mensem, while in the last quarter, those schools that are found at the annual inspection to have done well are given the higher grant of $10 per month as from January, the balance due for the first 3 quarters being paid at the last quarter. Six schools have received the higher grant this year. Five others that are not quite up to the standard of these 6, but have done very well, have been rewarded $30 extra for the year, as an encourage-

ment.

49. The number of pupils is 1,132 and the average attendance is 974. Among these, there are only 39 girls.

50. One free scholar was admitted to the Un Long English School from one of these Vernacular Schools.

51. The Inspector of Venacular Schools has personally visited each school once, while the Sub-Inspector for New Territories visited each 4 times.

Ò 10

NUMBERS OF PUPILS.

52. The total number of pupils at schools in the Colony excluding the Police School and the uncontrolled schools in the New Territories are:-

Number of Pupils in

Total.

English Vernacular

Schools.

Schools.

* Government Schools

2,813

2,813

*

Military Schools

110

110

* Excluded Private Schools

657

26

683

* Grant Schools

1,727

1,587

3,314

† Controlled Private Schools

3,131

13,837

16,968

+ Controlled Private Schools,

New Territories

1,132

1,132

Technical Institute.

524

524

Total.

8,962

16,582

25,544

* Average attendance.

† Total enrolment.

53. This is an increase of 1,609 over 1917, the increase in pupils in English Schools being 488, and in the Vernacular Schools, 1,121.

TECHNICAL INSTITUTE.

year.

54. The Institute was open as usual during 8 months of the

55. The number of students in attendance during the Session ending June 30th, was 524 as against 425 in 1917.

56. The Institute continues to do useful work, and makes a point of providing instruction in any subject for which there is a demand. The latest Class to be formed is that in Cookery, which has proved most popular and successful.

57. Arrangements were made for two Courses of Lectures to be delivered by Mrs. Hickling, L.R.C.P. & S., on "The Care of Infants". They were well advertised, but poorly attended.

58. At the end of the Session, examinations were conducted as in previous years by independent examiners. 267 candidates were examined: 196 passed in 1 subject, 2 in 2 subjects, and I in 3 subjects, a total of 199 or 74% passed. This is the highest per- centage of passes since 1914, notwithstanding that each year a higher standard is required for a pass, especially in the Teachers' Classes.

"

:

0 11

59. At the June Examination, 102 Teachers' Certificates were awarded. Of these 8 were given for 3rd year work in English and 17 for the same in Chinese, and were in the nature of final certi- ficates. The numbers attending these Classes are fairly satisfactory; but it is considered that the curriculum of the Vernacular Teachers' Classes needs amendment.

60. Other important Classes are those for Mathematics, English, Chemistry, and Shorthand.

HONGKONG UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS.

61. There were 252 successes (218 in 1917), of which Queen's College claims 68. One pass in the Matriculation Examination, 5 in the Senior Local, and 5 in the Junior Local were obtained at the two British Schools (Kowloon and Victoria).

62. The following is a List of Officers seconded for War Work, from August, 1914, to 31st December, 1918.-

Name.

Office.

War Duty.

Date.

O 12

A. O. Brawn

Headmaster, Wantsai School.

R. C. Barlow

Assistant Master, Saiyingpun School..

A. R. Cavalier

Inspector of Vernacular Schools.

J. C. Fletcher.

Assistant Master, Queen's College

With Army in England.

A. T. Hamilton

E. A. Irving

Do.

Director of Education.

With Army in France

Cable Censor, Hongkong.

G. P. de Martin

Assistant Master, Queen's College

Postal Censor, Hongkong

Lieutenant, Labou Battalion, France...... From March, 1917. Lieutenant, in France.

From September, 1915.

Lieutenant, Labour Battalion, France...... From August, 1917.

From May, 1918.

From December, 1917.

From March, 1915.

From August, 1914.

C. Mycock

E. Ralphs

Inspector of English Schools.....

Assistant Master, Ellis Kadoorie School.. With Army in France

From March, 1917.

British Red Cross Commissioner in Siberia From October, 1918.

J. Ralston

Assistant Master, Queen's College

·F. J. de Rome

A. R. Sutherland

Do.

With Army in England

Postal Censor, Hongkong

From May, 1918.

Headmaster, Victoria British School

Lieutenant, H.K. & S.B. Royal Garrison Artillery, in India and Hongkong... i

From August, 1914.

From November, 1914.

E. IRVING, Director of Education.

Education Department,

27th March, 1919.

:

O 13

Table I.

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.

STAFF,

NAME AND NATURE. (1)

Certificated Passed Student' Teachers.

and 'Student' Teachers.

Vernacular.

(2)

(3)

ENGLISH SCHOOLS.

Kowloon, Victoria, and Peak Schools-for children of European British Parentage. Primary and Secondary

Queen's College-mainly for Chinese and Indians. Pre- pares for Hongkong University Matriculation and for Commercial Examinations

Net Cost to

Fees

Ditto for

each unit in]

Gross Cost.

Govern-

Collected.

ment.

Average Attendance.]

Ditto

previous 5

REMARKS.

years.

Maximum Average

Rate of

Monthly At- Fees Enrolment. tendance. per mensem.

$

C.

3

#

C.

18

3

2 Chinese

Teachers.

212

155 $5-$15

40,110.29 7,776.00 32,334.29 208.61

122.92

14

12

1 Shorthand Teacher.

7

750

591

86,216.93 | 33,270,00 52,946.93

89.61

112.69

Ellis Kadoorie, Saiyingpun, Wantsai, and Yaumati Schools -for Chinese. Prepare for Upper School at Queen's College

14

40

16

1,556

1,359

Belilios Public School for Girls-mainly for Chinese. Primary and Secondary.....

14

2 Needlework

4.

Teachers.

503

452

$3

$2

68,619.02 42,453.00 26,166.02

19.25

23.00

Drawing Mistress.

26,315.44 9,496.00 16,819.44

37.21

35.53

2 Pupil Teachers,

Praya East-mainly for Chinese. Primary

1

100

92

$2

4,260.42

1,924.00 2,336.42

25.40

21.61

Ellis Kadoorie School for Indians--prepares for Upper School, Queen's College

Tai Po, Un Long, and Cheung Chau Schools-Elemen-

tary English for Chinese.

Primary

(1) For boys unless otherwise stated.

92

80

$2

7,444.01 1,740.00 5,704.01

71.30

58.61

:

4

109

84

50 cents. 4,916.51 438.00 4,478.51

53.31

39.05

(2) Certificated or with the degree of a British University. Student Teachers or Passed Student Teachers (local).

3,322

2,813

$237,882.62 97,097.00 140,785.62

:

CONTROLLED SCHOOLS IN RECEIPT

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Mission,

ENC

Higher Classes.

Average

1

Attend- Rate. Tota

ance.

$

1

St. Joseph's College,

R. C. M.

8

187

607

526 117

24

2,80

2

Italian Convent, *

8 & Inf.

1974

439

377 49

24 1,170

""

3

French Convent,

*

7 & Inf.

188

182

136 21

24

50.

7

8

Diocesan Girls' School; * Diocesan Boys' School,

C. of E.

8 & Inf.

385

141

116 22

24

528

*

8

392

369

294 63

9

St. Mary's School, *

R. C. M. 7 & Inf.

195

190

158 10

13

St. Francis' School,*

4 & Inf.

195

142

120

1824

24

1,51:

24

240

24

90

"

7

DESCRIPTION.

2,070

1,727 286

6,86

VERNA

SCHOOL STATISTICS.

Rate.

Number Number Maximum

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Mission.

Average of of School Monthly Attendance. Standards. Days. Enrolment.

17

Berlin Foundling House, (G.)

**

Ber. M.

18

Fairlea, (G.)*

C. M. S.

19

Victoria Home and Orphanage, (G.)*

""

20

Training Home for Girls, **

L. M. S.

4

24

2223

***

No. 26 Caine Road, (G.)* No. 159 Wanchai Road, (M.)**

R. C. M.

7878

252

83

63

9

208

253

205

11

234

122

115

11

228

211

165

11

669

548

VERN A

LO LO

5

5

2331 219

28

70

57

79

330999

4

60

O 15

TABLE II.

CONTROLLED SCHOOLS IN RECEIPT OF A GRANT

ame and Nature of School.

Mission,

ENGLISH SCH

CAPITATION GRANT.

Higher Classes.

Remove Classes.

Lower Clas

1

2

Average Attend-

ance.

Rate. Total.

Average] Attend-

Rate. Total.

$

ance.

$

Attend-

ance. $

Average Rate.

R. C. M.

8

187/

607

526

117

24

2,808

194

20

215 3,880

16

8 & Inf.

197

439

377

49

24

1,176

20 66

""

1,320 262

16

7 & Inf.

188

182

136 21

24

504

29

20

580

86

16

"

C. of E.

8 & Inf.

385

141

116 22

24

528

29

20

580

65

16

*

8

392

369

294 63

24

1,512 90

20

""

1,900

141

16

R. C. M.

7 & Inf.

195

190

158

10

24

240

19

20

380

129

16

4 & Inf.

195

142

120

4

24

96

13 20

260 103

16

""

's College, ivent,

nvent,

*

*

*irls' School, *.

oys' School,

School, *

? School,*

DESCRIPTION.

ne and Nature of School..

Mission.

indling House, (G.)

***

*.)

**

Home and Orphanage, (G.) **.

Home for Girls,

**

*

aine Road, (G.)* Nanchai Road, (M.)* *

Ber. M.

C. M. S.

L. M. S.

2,070

1,727 286

6,864

440

8,800 1,001

SC

VERNACULAR

(Upper Grade.)

SCHOOL STATISTICS.

Number Number Maximum

Average of of School Monthly Attendance. Standards. Days. Enrolment.

R. C. M.

787∞

LOLD CO

Rate.

252

83

63

9

208

253

205

11

234

122

115

11

228

211

165

11

669

548

42

SC

VERNACULAR

(Lower Grade.)

233

219

70 79

57

88

60

18

=

T UNDER THE GRANT CODE OF 1914.

HOOLS.

er Classes.

3

Rate. Total.

$

$

A

Total Capitation Grants

of

Columns 1, 2 & 3.

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATION GRANT.

Senior.

4

No. of Rate. Pupils.

$

Junior.

5

B

Grand

7

Total

Total

Grants

Local

Honours.

Refund

of

Grants

Columns

of

6

of Fees

A & B

Columns

4, 5, 6, & 7.

$

Total., No. of Rate. Total. No. of Rate. Total.

$ Pupils.

$

$Pupils.

16

3,440

10,128

22

16 4,192 6,688

9

16

$1,376 2,460

16

1,010 2,148

16

2,256

5,568

7

16

2.064

2,684

16 1,648 2,00+

888:8::

30

660

32

30

270

30

60 10

30

210 27

NORING:

9

15

3

15

10101011010

15

480

540

1,680

11,808

15

135

3

100 300

180

$85

7,573

150

:

120

330

2,790

2,148

15

405

100

100

...

340

1,055

6,623

45

30

75

2,759

:

:

2,004

16,016

31,680 40

1,200 81

1,215

4

400

1,210

4,025

35,705

SCHOOLS.

Total Capitation Grant.

567

2,255

1,265

1,815

5,902

SCHOOLS.

228

240

GRANT.

Grant in aid of Rent.

Total

567

480

2,735

1,265

1,815

480

6,382

228

240

DESCRIPTION.

VERNAC

SCHOOL STATISTICS.

Rate.

Number

Number Maximum

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Mission.

of of School Monthly Attendance. Standards. Days. Enrolment.

Average

$35

17

18

19

20

4

Ber. M.

C. M. S.

***

>>

L. M. S.

Berlin Foundling House, (G.) Fairlea, (G.) *

* *

**

Victoria Home and Orphanage, (G.)* Training Home for Girls,

**

787∞0

252

83

63

9

208

253

205

11

234

122

115

11

228

211

165

11

669

548

VERNAC

24

28

30.

33

No. 199 Queen's Road East, (G.)*

34

35

No. 15c Wellington Street, (G.) **

***

36

22 No. 26 Caine Road, (G.)* *

No. 159 Wanchai Road, (M.)* * Aberdeen, (M.) * *

No. 2 Taipingshan Street, (G.) **

**

Nos. 154 and 156 Reclamation Street, (B.)**

Wanchai Chapel, (B.)

R. C. M.

"7

">

L. M. S.

LO LO CO TH

233

70

57

219

79

60

237

215

219

***

48

28

35

32

84

ΤΟ

}}

224

121

100

>>

235

47

40

"

216

58

48

>>

37

Totsai Chapel, (B.)* *

214

52

43

>>

38

Nos. 65 and 67 Battery Street, (B.)

**

226.'

60

50

""

43

44

45

Nos. 158 and 160 Reclamation Street, (G.)* No. 20▲ Aberdeen Street, (G.)* * Tanglungchau Chapel, (G.) **

**

224

94

90

"2

251

39

25

∞ ∞ co co co co

3

3

4

3

3

""

211

36

34

4

>>

46

Wanchai Chapel, (G.)**

231

81

66

4

""

57

59

No. 341 Queen's Road West, (G.) Yaumati Chapel, (G.)

**

C. M. S.

**

60

No. 232 Hollywood Road, (G.)

61

62

63

68

70

****

No. 17 Elgin Street, (G.) ** Kowloon City, (G.)

No. 20 Pokfulam Road, (G.) No. 44 Shaukiwan East, (G.) Stanley, (M.) *

***

***

**

""

""

L. M. S.

C. M. S.

>>

W. M. C. M. S.

HOCHLO 10 CO

245

55

43

230

51

42

249

62

52

234

35

31

256

35

29

242

45

34

5

247

50

36

231

39

29

COELO - CO CO Hotel

4

3

22

Total Number of Schools 33.

1,276

1,039

Grand Total,

4,015

3,314

NOTE.-R. C. M.

C. of E.

Roman Catholic Mission. Church of England.

C. M. S. =Church Missionary Society.

Ber. M. Berlin Mission.

L. M. S.London Missionary Society.

W. M. Wesleyan Mission.

B.

G.

-Boys. -Girls.

M.

-Mixed.

SCHOOLS.

RNACULAR

(Upper Grade.)

Rate.

.verage endance.

$

63

9

205

11

115

11

165

11

548

Total Capitation Grant.

$

567

2,255 1,265

1,815

5,902

RNACULAR SCHOOLS.

(Lower Grade.)

57

60

28

32

70

100

40

48

43

228

A C 091 Cryphon C0 IP IP 00 00 1A CO 00 00 00 12 C3 CD IN

240

84

96

4

3

280

300

120

3

144

129

50

90

25

200

270 75

34

136

66

264

43

42

4

129 168

52

208

31

155

29

4

116

34

3

102

36

3

108

29

4

116

,039

5,314

3,668

41,250

***

**

School year ends 30th June.

School year ends 31st December.

No. 29 closed.

HOOLS.

Total Capitation Grant.

567

2,255

1,265

1,815

5,902

HOOLS.

GRANT.

Grant in aid of Rent.

480

**

Total

567

2.735

1,265

1,815

480

6,382

228 240

228

240

...

84

84

96

200

296

280

240

520

300

300

120

192

312

144

144

129

129

200

80

280

270

218

488

75

180

255

136

136

264

264

129

136

265

168

168

208

208

155

115

271

116

72

188

102

102

108

280

388

116

90

206

3,668

41,250

School year

ends 30th June.

**

School year ends 31st December.

No. 29 closed.

1,804

5,472

2,284

47,559

}

17,000

16,000

15,000

14,000

13,000

12,000

11,000

Table III.

Average Attendance in all Government and Grant Schools and total enrolment at Private Schools and the Technical Institute, which was opened in 1908.

Note. The figures prior to 1913 are. not very trustworthy, as there was no right of entry into private schools until that year.

The figures for the New Territories are included in 1913 for the first time.

The University and Police School are not included.

English Schools :-Red.

Vernacular Schools :-Black.

1901. | 1902. | 1903. | 1904. 1905. 1906. | 1907. | 1908. | 1909. | 1910. 1911. | 1912. | 1913. | 1914. | 1915. 1916. 1917. 1918.

10,327

10,000

9,863

9,000

12,989

12,092

11,919

13,230

15,461

8 474

16,582

8,962

Appendix Q.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC WORKS FOR THE YEAR 1918.

Expenditure.

1. The amounts voted, as compared with those actually expended by the Department under the various headings, were as follows:-

Amount voted.

In Estimates.

Supplemen- tary Votes.

Actual Expenditure.

Total.

(i) Personal Emoluments

and Other Charges,...

471,612.00

21,756.44 493,368.44 374,906.32

(IA) Special Expenditure-

Typewriter,

280.00

50.00

330.00

296.30

(ii) Annually

Recurrent

Works,

608,700.00

(iii) Extraordinary Works,... 1,685,800.00

148,317.74 757,017.74 712,675.37

624,356.39 2,310,156.39 | 1,578,149.12

Total,.........$ 2,766,392.00

794,480.57 3,560,872.57 | 2,666,027.11

Detailed statements of (ii) and (iii) are given in Annexes A and B.

With regard to (i), the saving is due to vacancies in the Staff, lapsing pay of Officers who were on Active Service, refunds on account of supervision of work executed by the Department for various public companies and the higher rate of exchange (average 3/23) which prevailed throughout the year as compared with that adopted (2/-) when the Estimates were framed.

In the case of (ii), savings occurred on the following sub-heads as set forth below:-

Hongkong.

Improvements to Buildings,

Maintenance of Lighthouses,

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in City, Maintenance of Roads and Bridges outside City, Improvements to Roads and Bridges outside City,

..$ 258.51

1,546.60

1,173.35

747.27

1.70.10

Expenditure.

Maintenance of Telephones, including all Cables, Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahıs, etc.,

$ 223.71 151.08

Electric Lighting, City, Hill District and Shaukiwan, Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

550.00

...

994.40

Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,

301.29

Maintenance of Public Recreation Grounds,

Dredging Foreshores,

Stores Depreciation,

Maintenance of Shaukiwan Waterworks,

Water Account, (Meters, etc.),........

Kowloon.

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,

Maintenance of Telephones,

...

Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

410.41

4,176.63

1,699.09

358.95

1,028.15

.$ 834.39

333.30

402.63

Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,

Maintenance of Recreation Ground,

220.53

361.35

Maintenance of Water Works,.....

750.67

Special Repairs to Filter Beds,

448.80

Water Account, (Meters, etc.),

860.52

New Territories.

Improvements to Buildings,

$215.22

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,..

983.91

Improvements to Roads and Bridges,

171.35

Maintenance of Telephones,

1,806.43

Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, etc........

115.01

Electric Lighting, Shamshuipo,

167.22

The savings were far more than counterbalanced by excesses on other sub-heads, the principal of which were as follows:-

Maintenance of Buildings,

Hongkong.

Gas Lighting, City and Suburbs and Hill District,

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

.$13,920.72

8,923.91

12,809.24

Maintenance of City and Hill District Water Works, ... 63,581.78

Kowloon.

Improvements to Roads and Bridges

.$ 5,414.96

Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, etc......

Gas Lighting,

Electric Lighting,

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

625.44 2,183.13

233.67

1,317.74

Maintenance of Buildings,

3

New Territories.

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

Maintenance of Laichikok Water Works,

on

66

66

""

Expenditure.

.$ 3,909.06 12,043.72 850.44

The excesses on 'Maintenance of Buildings were due to expenditure on buildings acquired by Government as residences for the Chief Justice and Colonial Secretary, on the Ellis Kadoorie School for Indian Boys, which was handed over to Government, on the Opium Factory, which was leased by Government; and on the reinstatement of Tai O Police Station, which was damaged by fire, and to increases in the cost of electrical and other stores, etc.; those Gas Lighting" to the grant of an increase of 20% in the rates paid to the Gas Company for street lighting owing to the great rise in the price of coal, etc., resulting from the War; those on "Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages" to the severe rainstorms which occurred in June, August and September; that on "City and Hill District Water Works to increases in the amount of pumping and in the cost of coal; that on "Improvements to Roads and Bridges, Kowloon," to the linking up of the southern and northern portions of Nathan Road by forming a temporary road from Yaumati Theatre to Yaumati School; that on "Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c., Kowloon", to general causes; that on "Electric Lighting, Kowloon", to extensions of lighting and that on "Maintenance of Water Works, Laichikok", to a special cleansing of the filter beds and repairs to the channel which conveys the water to the filter beds.

""

Comparison of Expenditure, 1917 and 1918.

2. The following is a statement of the expenditure in 1918 as compared with that of the previous year:-

1917.

1918.

Increase.

Decrease.

C.

C.

0.

(i) Personal Emoluments and

Other Charges,

402,772.20

374,906.32

$ c.

27,865.88

(IA) Special Expenditure,

296.30

296.30

(ii) Annually Recurrent Works, 609,308.45

712,675.37

103,366.92

*****

(iii) Extraordinary Works,... 1,612,835.28 1,578,149.12

34,686.16

Total,.....$2,624,915.93 2,666,027.11 105,663.22 62,552.01

Item (i). The decrease is due to the increased number of officers on Active Service, any amounts paid by way of salary to such officers being debited to "War Expenditure", and to the higher rate of exchange prevalent in 1918, namely, an average of 3/2 as com- pared with 2/74 during 1917.

Expenditure.

4

"

Item (ii).The increase under this head is principally due to increased expenditure under the following sub-heads: "Main- tenance of Buildings" ($28,045.63), "Maintenance of Roads and Bridges" ($3,993.39), "Improvements to Roads and Bridges ($2,825.43), "Maintenance of Telephones" ($2,995.43), "Main- tenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.", ($3,696.65), "Gas Lighting' ($13,652.48), "Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages ($14,787.34), "Maintenance of Water Works, City and Hill District", ($37,545.58) and "Water Account" ($5,005.19).

The insertion of a new item "Special Repairs to Filter Beds, Kowloon", accounted for an increase of $3,551.20. The only de- creases worth recording were under "Maintenance of Lighthouses" ($2,861.44) and "Stores Depreciation" ($4,707.19).

Item (iii). The expenditure in 1917 included an item of $135,000.00 under the heading "Dredging Harbour" to enable the value of the Dredger "St. Enoch" to be written off the Store Books. No such item appears under this year's expenditure. The amount expended during 1918 under "Compensation and Resumptions was $496,307.65, as compared with $464,016.04 in 1917, the principal item in 1918 being the resumption of K.M.L. 83 and K.I.L. 1178 at a cost of $383,807.90.

Revenue from Water Works.

"2

3. Water Works Revenue.-The following is a statement of the revenue derived from Water Works during the year 1918:-

Excess Con- Rates

sumption. 2%.

Total.

$ C.

c.

0.

City including Wongneichong Village and properties bordering Shaukiwan Road,

Hill District,

Pokfulam District,

107,718.17 249,850.56 357,568.73

5,347.66

2,312.90

6,429.00 11,776,66

2,312,90

Kowloon including Shamshuipo and

Kowloon City,

43,319.70 35,938.67 79,258.37

Aberdeen,

3,233.67

Shaukiwan,

3,158.75

388.33

2,901.18

3,622.00

6,059,93

Laichikok,

:

23,293.00

23,293.00

Total,

188,383.85 295,507.74 483,891.59

5

Water Works Revenue.

4. Comparison of Water Works Revenue, 1917 and 1918.--- The following is a comparative statement of the revenue derived from Water Works during the years 1917 and 1918:

:-

City (as above stated),

Hill District,.......

Pokfulam District,

Kowloon (as above stated),

Aberdeen,

Shaukiwan,

Laichikok,

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1917.

1918.

$ C.

334,247.73

$ C.

357,568.73

11,379.49 11,776.66

2,095.55

2,312.90

81,132.25

79,258.37

4,187.23

3,622.00

4,278.93

6,059.93

28,269.06 23,293.00

Total,

465.590.24 483,891.59

Decreases occurred in the case of Kowloon ($1,873.88); Aberdeen ($565.23) and Laichikok ($4,976.06). In all other cases, there were increases in the revenue. The total increase amounts to $18,301.35.

ཀྱ་མ

Land Sales, &c.

6

Land Sales and Surveys.

5. Land Sales, Extensions, Grants, &c.—The following tabulated statement gives particulars of these :-

No. of Lots.

Area in Sq. Feet.

Annual Rent.

Premium.

Total.

Total.

Total.

Total.

C.

C.

C.

Island of Hongkong,

>>

>>

Sales by Auction.

Kowloon Peninsula,. N. T., New Kowloon,..

Northern District, Southern District,

17

353,920

1,382.00

72,901.30

10

234,675

1,838.00

83,980.00

2

618,000

4,256.00

30,900.00!

179

2,334,037

737.30

13,404.00

26

123,510

28.80

1,490.00

234

3,664,142

8,242.10

202,675.30

Sales without Auction. Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula,... N. T., New Kowloon,

1

7,608

34.00

380.40]

"J

Northern District, Southern District,

19

12,855

12.80

99.00

15

6,301

12.50

68,00

35

26,764

59.30

547.40

Extensions Granted.

Island of Hongkong,

Kowloon Peninsula,..

New Territories,

∞5000

23

174,273

917.78

21,262.22

10

357,912

2,864.00

55,866.50

3

8,467

34.86

230.48

37

540,652

3,816.64

77,359.20

Conversions and Exchanges.

Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula...

N. T., New Kowloon,

2

87,093

876.00

21

113,098

546.00

99

Northern District, Southern District,

7

13,465

15.09

3,073.76 107.43

29

325,725

128.05

379.13

59

539,381

1,565.14

3,560.32

Grants on Nominal

Terms.

Island of Hongkong,

1

14,524

1.00

Kowloon Peninsula,.

New Territories,

7

12,233,826

182.40

4,300.00

8

12,248,350

183.40

4,300.00

Grants on Short Leases.

Island of Hongkong,..

1

22,816

21,960.00

Kowloon Peninsula,..

New Territories,

25

134.32

26

22,816

22,094.32

Permits to occupy Land

for Short Periods.

Island of Hongkong,

558

16,692.92

Kowloon Peninsula,..

230

14,139.95

New Territories,

129

3,058.40

N. T., let by D.O., N.,

117

156.20

""

A.D.O., S.,

576

599.00

""

1,610

34,646.47

Extensions of Short

Leases to 75

years.

Island of Hongkong,.

Kowloon Peninsula,.

New Territories,

Quarries.

Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula,. New Territories,

Prospecting and Mining

Licences.

New Territories,

Total,.

3

3,210

26.00

2,086.50

3,210

26.00!

2,086.50

14

201

3,742,675

7,100.00

9

1,479,815

12,494.00

18,586,304

14,492.00

25

-23,808,794

34,086.00-

:

18

18

2,055

13,317.50

13,317.50

40,854,109

$118,036.87

$ 290,528.72

* The areas of these lots (25 in number), which come under the D.O. N. and A.D.O./S., are not available.

.1

Land Sales, &c.

The actual amount of premium paid into the Treasury during the year was $301,760.87 or considerably more than the estimate which amounted to $200,000.00. It included the following sums which do not appear in the tabulated statement:-

Premium derived from sale of rights to erect piers = $4,559.82 Fees for boundary stones to mark lots

1,639.45

The following amounts which were due in respect of transac- - tions arranged during 1917 were paid into the Treasury during the year:

Premium for K.I.L. 1353

= $3,062.00

830.40

372.68

25.00

742.80

Premium for R.B.L. 138

Premium for I.L. 1883

Charge for boundary stones for area granted in

exchange for F.L. 22 Sec. A

Premium for an extension to Kowloon Permanent

Pier No. 23

A sum of $569.61 representing over-charges in premium was refunded to the owners of three lots.

It comprises the following

Remarks.

No. of Lot.

Premium.

$

G. L. 22.

37.65

Area found to be less than that

stated in Sale Conditions.

I. L. 2081

327.60

Do.

Do.

I. L. 2173

204.36

Do.

Do.

The following amount which was due in respect of a transaction arranged during 1918 had not been paid into the Treasury before the close of the year:

Charge for removal of a boundary stone and refixing

same for N.K.I.L. 58 .....

$15.00

The following is a comparative statement of the Revenue derived from Land Sales, etc., for the years 1916-1918:-

Land Sales, &c.

Sales by Auction,

Sales without Auction,

Extensions granted,

1916.

1917.

1918.

$

C.

c.

C.

213,171.00

106,188.00

202,675.30

76,215.56

1,531.40

547.40

21,137.95 41,510,57

77,359.20

4,300.00

210.00

2,086.50

$5,209,02

9,702.10

4,559.82

1,502.20 1,331.30

1,639.45

2,712.56

4,278.35

3,560.32

Grants on Nominal Terms,

Grants on Short Leases,

Extensions of Short Period Leases to 75

years,

Premia derived from sale of rights to

erect piers,

Fees for Boundary Stones to mark lots,.. Re-adjustments in Hongkong, Kowloon

and New Territories,

Conversions and Exchanges,

Premium for Encroachments,

Premium for permission to build upon portions of Kowloon Marine Lots Nos. 10, 11 and 12,

......

558.60

1,157.10

Total,

Actual amount of premium paid into the

Treasury,

350,716.89 165,699.12 296,727.99

.$ 350,716.89 161,851.43 301,760.87

6. Sales by Auction.-Seventeen lots were sold in Hongkong, ten in Kowloon and two in New Kowloon which realised $72,901.30, $83,980.00 and $30,900.00 respectively. One lot near Sheung Shui in the New Territories was sold by the Public Works Department realising $6,970.00. The District Officer at Taipo sold 178 small lots which realised $6,434.00 and the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong 26 lots which realised $1,490.00.

The following are details of the principal Land Sales:---

No. of Lot.

Area in Crown sq. ft.

rent.

Premium. Rate realized.

I.L. 2258,

I.L. 2267,

43.880

13,188 $ 136 302

K.I.L. 1357,

4,779

$15,300.00 $1.16 per sq. ft.

15,500.00

66 19.116.00 4.00

.34

K.I.L. 1359,

2,820

38

H.H.I.L. 257, 90,000

724

258, 64,490

33

518

}

13,600.00 23,174.00

4.82

"

15

""

Sheung Shui

6,970.00 .02

""

Lot No. 2 348,480 400

7. Sales Without Auction.-One lot containing an area of 7,608 sq. ft. was sold in Hongkong for a sum of $380.40. It was acquir- ed to admit of the construction of a tennis court in connection with

ļ

9

Land Sales, &c.

R. B. L. 40, Sec. A. There were no sales under this heading in Kowloon. The District Officer at Taipo sold 19 lots and the Assis- tant District Officer at Hongkong sold 15 lots by Private treaty.

8. Extensions Granted.-The extensions granted in Hongkong comprised additional areas to Inland Lots Nos. 2234, 1906, 2174, 2022, 2151, 1355, 2062, 2063, 2149, 1929, 1280, 2021, (two), 2237, 1944, 2074, 1453, 1898, 1548, 1568, Rural Building Lots Nos. 54 and 139 and Garden Lot No. 52.

In Kowloon, extensions were granted to Kowloon Inland Lots Nos. 1203, 968, 970, 971, 1220 and 1218. A total area of 350,330 square feet was granted as an extension to Kowloon Marine Lot No. 27 and Hung Hom Inland Lots Nos. 24, 256 and 218 at a total premium of $52,579.50 to admit of extensions of the Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Company's premises. There were no extensions granted by the District Officer at Taipo. In the Southern District, the Assistant District Officer arranged an extension with respect to Cheung Chau Inland Lot No. 7.

9. Conversions and Exchanges.-There is nothing to report under this heading in Hongkong. In Kowloon, a new lot, designat- ed Kowloon Inland Lot No. 1354, was granted in exchange for K. I. L. 97 and the buildings thereon but, owing to the sudden death of the lessee, the matter has not been finally disposed of. Kowloon Marine Lot No. 93 was granted in exchange for Hung Hom Inland Lot No. 226 (China Light and Power Company's Station) which was resumed by Government with a view to the future extension of the Kowloon-Canton Railway Yard,

In New Kowloon, the following exchanges were arranged in connection with the re-laying out of Shamshuipo Village :-

Old Lots.

New Lots

2395, 2396 & 2400, S.D.IV....

...N.K.I.L. 180.

2505, S.D.IV....

181.

3072, 1185, 1186 and 1187, S.D.IV.

182.

"

2466 and 2470, S.D.IV.

183 & 184.

"

3202, S.D.IV....

185.

399, S.D.IV.

186.

2538, 2539 and 2543, S.D.IV.

187 & 188.

""

2289 and buildings on Lots 2304 and 2289,

S.D.IV.

189.

"

2286, 2344, 2346, 2299, 2348, 2349, 2300,

2390, S.D.IV, and the buildings thereon.

179.

"

2544, S.D.IV....

192.

""

2467, 2468, 2469, 3200, 3201, 3203 and 2490,

Sec. A, S.D.IV.

2347, S.D.IV....

142, 143, 174, & 175. 196.

2363 and 2371, S.D.IV.

197.

""

A portion of New Kowloon Farm Lot No. 6 was converted for building purposes and Lot 1154, S.D.IV, which was an agricultural

lot was also converted for the same purpose.

Land Sales, &c.

Q 10

In the New Territories, 7 conversions and exchanges were arranged by the District Officer at Taipo and 29 by the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong, particulars of which will be found in the Land Officer's Report.

10. Grants on Nominal Terms.-There was only one area granted in Hongkong, viz., Aberdeen Inland Lot No. 80, containing an area of 14,524 square feet for a site for a school..

There were no grants under this heading in Kowloon.

The District Officer at Taipo arranged for grants of seven lots containing a total area of 12,233,826 square feet, particulars of which will be found in the Land Officer's Report. There were no grants arranged by the Assistant District Officer in Hongkong.

11. Grants on Short Leases.-A sum of $21,960.00 was realised by the letting by tender of Inland Lot No. 1689 (opposite Central Market) for a period of one year from 28th January, 1918.

There is nothing to report under this heading in Kowloon.

In the New Territories, 25 lots were let by the District Officer at Taipo. There were none let by the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong.

12. Permits to occupy lands, &c., for short periods.-These were of a very miscellaneous character and too numerous to admit of individual mention; most of them were for small areas to be held on half-yearly permits.

13. Extensions of Short Period Leases to 75 years.-There is nothing to report under this heading in Hongkong or the New Territories. The leases of Kowloon Inland Lots Nos. 774, 776 and 777 were extended to 31st December, 1971, the premia being re- pectively $897.00, $812.00 and $377.00, and the annual Crown Rents being increased from $4.00, $4.00 and $2.00 to $12.00, $10.00 and $4.00. The original leases were for a period of 21 years from 1st January, 1897.

14. Quarries.-The following quarry lots were let by tender for the periods mentioned below:-

Shaukiwan Quarry Lots 3 and 4,.

from 1/1/18 to 31/12/18.

39

>>

Tsat Tsz Mui

2,

Hok Ün

6,

Ma Tau Kok

7,

>>

""

Do.

8.

""

""

"

19

Mati

">

9,

""

Jordan Road

10,...

""

"

""

21

Yaumati

""

Fuk Tsün Heung,,

11,... 12,...

21

"

39

6.

""

...

95

""

Ngau Tau Kok

Do.

Quarry Lots Nos. 1-5, 7,

8, 10, 19, 20 & 25,

Ngau Tau Kok Quarry Lots Nos. 9,

11-14, 21 & 22,

Cha Kwo Liang Quarry Lots Nos. 1-30, Sai Tso Wan

""

>>

21

25

>>

"

21

1-16,

53

""

>"

}

Q 11

Land Sales, &c.

The following quarries were let but not by public tender :-

Quarry adjoining Nathan Road.

Quarry near Kowloon Inland Lot No. 1307.

Ngau Tau Kok Quarry Lot No. A/18 (2).

Ngau Shi Wan Quarry Lots Nos. 1-4. Lyemun.

In several cases a number of quarry lots are included in one letting hence the reason why the numbers in tabulated statement (paragraph 5) appear as 25 in all.

In the New Territories (Northern District), Lung Ku Tan Quarry Lots Nos. 1 and 2 were let by the District Officer at Taipo. Cheung Chau Quarry Lot No. 726 was let for a period of one year from 1st March, 1918, Chu Lap Kok Quarry Lot No. 1 for a period of 3 years from 1st April, 1918, and Chu Lap Kok Quarry Lot No. 2 for a period of 1 year from 1st September, 1918, by the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong.

15. Prospecting and Mining Licences.-Four mining licences and fourteen prospecting licences were issued in the New Territories as follows:-

District.

Taipo (mining licence)

Sheung Shui and Sha Tau Kok (mining licence)

Tsün Wan and Shatin

Po Toi Island

Tsün Wan (prospecting licence)

""

""

Period.

31/7/19.

1/9/18 to 31/8/19.

1/8/18 to

14/1/18 to 13/1/19.

4/5/18 to

3/5/19.

1/6/18 to 30/11/18

and 6/12/18 to

5/6/19.

Un Long

14/1/18 to

13/1/19.

Lantao

.14/1/18 to

13/1/19.

""

Taipo

.14/1/18 to

13/1/19.

Sha Tau Kok(

14/1/18 to

13/1/19.

"

Chung Hue (

.14/1/18 to

13/7/18.

""

Shatin

14/1/18 to

13/1/19.

"

Ping Shan, Tung Hoi and Sai Kung

(prospecting licence).

14/1/18 to

13/1/19.

New Kowloon(

11/3/18 to

10/9/18.

12

Sheung Shui (

1/1/18 to 30/6/18

,,

and 1/7/18 to 31/12/18.

12/8/18 to

11/2/19.

""

17/8/18 to

16/2/19.

.8/10/18 to 7/4/19.

-

Lantao Chung Hue i New Kowloon(

Mining licence No. 3 (Sha Tau Kok) was issued at a rental of $302.00 per annum from 28th August, 1918, subject to payment of additional rent at the rate of $50.00 per acre per annum for any area occupied by buildings and to a Royalty to be fixed by the Governor-in- Council not exceeding 5 per cent. of the value of the minerals extracted.

16. Resumptions.--A portion of Marine Lot No. 239, containing an area of 8,520 square feet, was resumed by Government at a cost of $21,300.00 to admit of the widening of Belchers Street to 50 feet.

:

Land Sales, &c.

- Q 12

A portion of Marine Lot No. 25, containing an area of 7,800 square feet, was resumed at a cost of $15,600 in connection with the widen- ing of a lane, thus forming a new street situated between Gresson and Landale Streets. A portion of Inland Lot No. 59, contain- ing an area of 406 square feet, was taken over by Government at a cost of $1,624.00 for widening Caine Road. A portion of Inland Lot No. 709, containing an area of 78 square feet, was resumed at a cost of $382,32 for the purpose of forming a scavenging lane. In- land Lot No. 1375 was resumed at a cost of $24,000.00 in connection with the improvement of Caine Road. In connection with the in- troduction of a new scheme whereby the Ferry Service between the City of Victoria and the western side of the Kowloon Peninsula are let as a monopoly, the temporary piers opposite Jubilee Street, Western Market and Eastern Street on the Hongkong side of the Harbour and opposite Market Street, Waterloo Road and Nan Chang Street, Sham- shuipo, on the Kowloon side, were resumed at a total cost of $6,900.00. With a view to the extension of the scheme to other parts of the Colony, an arrangement was come to with the lessee of the pier hitherto existing opposite Queen Victoria Street whereby he surrendered his pier-rights to Government in consideration of the amount ($12,300.00) which he had paid in 1906, by way of premium, for such rights, being refunded to him. The pier, which was in a dilapidated state, was removed by the lessee. A sum of $9,000.00 was paid by Government in connection with the resumption of the riding floor known as No. 148, Des Voeux Road. Portion of Sub-sec. 1 of Sec. A and portion of Sec. B of Inland Lot No. 795, containing 2,459 square feet, and 906 square feet respectively, were surrendered to Government in connection with the formation of a roadway on the east side of Shektongtsui nullah. Portion of the roadway was obtained by reducing the width of the nullah. At Stanley Village, Lot No. 85 and the house thereon were surrendered to Government free of charge.

In Kowloon, K.I.L. 109 (Remaining Portion) was resumed to enable certain Crown land adjoining it to be suitably laid out. The area resumed amounted to 5,307 square feet, the compensation paid amounting to $8,800.00. A portion of K.I.L. 1167, containing an area of 817 square feet, was resumed at a cost of $939.35 for the widening of Shanghai Street. Portions of K.I.Ls. 1168 and 964 (Sec. A), containing areas of 475 and 410 square feet respectively, were also resumed for the same purpose at a cost of $546.00 and $471.00. Small portions of K.I.Ls. 560, 561 and 562 were resumed at a total cost of $51.00 in connection with the widening of Battery Street. A sum of $1,248.00 was paid by Government for K.I.Ls. 796, 797 and 1142, containing 600, 600 and 880 square feet re- spectively, for widening the road between these lots and K.M.L. 80. K.I.L. 1178 and K.M.L. 83, containing 27,073 and 139,800 square feet respectively, were resumed by Government at a total cost of $383,807.90 with a view to future railway and wharfage develop-- ments. Hok Ün Lot No 95, with an area of 9,075 square feet, was resumed at a cost of $49.50, in connection with the widening of Kowloon City Road.

In New Kowloon, the following sums were paid for resumptions in connection with the Shamshuipo Improvement Scheme, viz:

Lot No.

2506, S.D. IV.

2507,

2520,

29

2569,

2570.

""

2571,

""

2572.

2573,

13

Land Sales, &c.

Compensation paid. $ 231.99

Houses on Lot 2519, S.D. I.V.

792, S.D. IV.

:

157.85

163.06

467.14

184.48

212.76

152.46

179.49

142.97

72.97

41.13

239.58

1,052.83

1,433.19

2464,

2323,

""

2547,

503.19

""

2471,

218.00

2461,

1,024.89

""

2478,

500.06

2479,

342.62

""

2482,

427.95

>"

2483, 2484,

413.97

""

399.30

!

2485, 2486, 2487, 2488,

355.43

,,

355.17

"

567.73

>>

449.81

>>

2489,

878.59

2490, (Remaining Portion), S.D. IV.

528.00

2338, 2339 (Secs. A & B & R.P.), 2340,

2473 & 2474, S.D. IV.

4,153.81

2326, (Sec. A), S.D. IV.

355.92

2326, R.P.,

349.84

""

2327, S.D. IV.

1.197.57

2330,

307.82

2331,

1,143.17

2332,

1,213.51

""

2333,

1,235.13

99

2334,

1,277.17

2477,

239.58

2465,

1,091.69

""

2309 and 2534, S.D. IV.

2,300.00

2577, S.D. IV.

51.34

Buildings on Lot 2373, S.D. IV.

16,550.00

2531, S.D. ĮV.

144.00

2350,

155.57

2492 and the building on Lot 2493, S.D. IV.

1,416.30

The following lots were resumed in connection with improve-

ments at Cheung Chan:-

Lot No.

Compensation paid.

247

248

249

27.30

48.60

48.25

27

Land Sales, &c.

Q 14

Lot No.

250

492

234

235 and superstructure

236

246

Do.

Compensation paid.

$ 47.85

6.05

6.05

74.05

69.05

71.25

46.65

401

Certain lots in S.D. I were resumed on the line of a new 100-foot road at a cost of $7,000.00, and $2,371.00 was paid for various buildings on the line of the same road.

In the Northern District, 507 lots, containing an area of 608,159 square feet, were resumed for various reasons at a cost of $6,716.91.

In the Southern District, 248 lots, containing an area of 31,419 square feet, were resumed for various reasons at a cost of $154.22 and 62 lots were either surrendered or were re-entered for non- payment of Crown rent.

17. Lease Plans. Plans and particulars (in duplicate) of 101 lots were prepared and forwarded to the Land Officer in connection with the issue of leases.

18. Boundary Stones.-Boundary stones were fixed for 36 lots in Hongkong, 18 lots in Kowloon and 27 lots in the New Territories.

19. Surveys.-Work in connection with the Ordnance Survey was almost entirely suspended during the year. Two more members of the staff were allowed to proceed home for Military Service, making six in all. Further progress has been made with a detailed survey of the village of Shamshuipo and adjoining agricultural holdings. Numerous surveys were undertaken for the purpose of defining the boundaries of lots or for the preparation of sale and lease plans, &c., and, whenever practicable, such surveys were plotted on the ordnance sheets. At Tai Wan, New Territories, 15 acres were surveyed and plotted on ordnance sheets. Numerous sound- ings were taken in connection with applications for Marine Lots or with improvement or reclamation schemes. The survey of Tai () and district was completed and plotted. It comprised 224 acres, 613 houses and about 500 matsheds. Thirty acres of cultivated land and 70 houses were surveyed at Chai Wan. A contour survey, embracing an area of about 20 acres to the eastward of Yaumati Railway Station was made and plotted in connection with a proposal to transfer the Diocesan Boys' School to Kowloon. A contour survey of about 13 acres on the south-eastern slopes of Mount Davis was prepared and plotted in connection with applications for various building sites.

A valuation of all lots in Little Hongkong and Aplichau was made in connection with a proposed Improvement Scheme.

20. Sites for Booths at the Race Course.—A sum of $13,420.50 was realised by the letting of sites by auction for the erection of booths and stands at Happy Valley during the Race Meeting.

15

Land Sales, &c.

Squatters.

Military Lands. Naval Lands.

There is nothing to report under these headings.

21. Piers.-There were no grants under long lease in Hong- kong nor in Kowloon. Licences for the following temporary piers were issued or renewed :--20 in Hongkong, 17 in Kowloon and 13 in the New Territories. Licences were also issued or renewed for 13 slipways in Hongkong, 3 in Kowloon and 3 in the New Ter- ritories, the total fees for which amounted to $4,955.00.

The premia derived in respect of temporary piers amounted to $4,559.82.

22. Cemeteries.-There is nothing to report under this heading in Hongkong or Kowloon. An area of 30,000 square feet, designat- ed the Man On Cemetery, was allotted at Taipo Tau for burial purposes, the matter being arranged by the District Officer, North.

Work Under The Buildings Ordinance.

23. By-laws ond Regulations. No new by-laws or regulations affecting constructional work were passed during the year nor were any amendments made.

24. Plans. There has been a slight increase in the number of plans dealt with as compared with 1917, there being a considerable increase as regards alterations and additions to existing buildings and a decrease as regards new domestic buildings. The following is a tabulated statement showing the number of buildings, &c., for which plans were deposited during the year, the figures for 1917 being given in a parallel column for purposes of comparison:-

1917.

1918. Increase. Decrease.

European Houses,

85

60

Chinese Houses,.

495

327

9999999

168

Buildings and structures other than

the above,

175

197

22

:

Alterations and additions to exist-

ing buildings,

2,377

2,837

460

Verandahs,

216

204

12

Balconies,

Sunshades,

151

42

109

34

15

19

Areas,

Piers,

:

3

2

Total,

3,538

3,685

482

335

25. Certificates.-The following certificates for new buildings were issued :

119 for 406 domestic buildings under Section 204 of Ordi-

nance 1 of 1903.

29 for 36 non-domestic buildings.

"

B. O. Work.

16

These figures show an increase of 71 in the number of domestic buildings and a decrease of 27 in the number of non-domestic buildings, or a net increase of 44 as compared with 1917.

29. Notices and Permits.-The following is a tabulated state- ment of the notices served and permits issued during the year, the figures for 1917 being given in a parallel column for purposes of comparison :-

1917.

1918. Increase. Decrease.

Dangerous Structure Notices,

190

283

93

Miscellaneous Notices......

239

190

49

Private Street Improvement

Notices,

426

458

32

Nuisances reported by Officers of

the Sanitary Department,

2,566

3,184

918

Permits,

1,865.

2.141

276

Fees collected on account of the issue of permits to obtain sand and stone from Crown land,

$1,547.50 $ 715

$832.50

In cases where permits had been lost, a fee of $2.00 was charged in each case before a new permit was issued. The amount collected from this source was $54.00 and was the same as that for the year 1917.

The following is a tabulated statement of the cases in which legal proceedings were taken with regard to failure to obtain permits, the number of convictions obtained, and the amount of fines imposed :-

Nature of Offence.

No. of Cases.

No. of Convictions.

Amount of Fines.

Removal of stone, &c., from Crown land or

foreshore without permission,

$

10

10

328.00

Depositing materials on Crown land with-

out permission,

8

8

72.00

Erecting or maintaining matsbeds without

permission,

3

26.00

In cases where persons who had permission to obtain stone or other materials from Crown land had damaged trees in the vicinity, they were required to refund the cost of the damage as assessed by the Superintendent of the Botanical and Forestry Department. The amount collected from this source was $24.50, as compared with $74.50 in 1917, which was credited to "Timber Sales".

In consequence of the introduction of the practice of utilizing hoardings on Crown land for displaying advertisements, it was decided to charge fees in such cases. The sum of $335.00 was derived from this source,

Q 17

B. O. Work.

Owing to the increasing number of applications for permission to erect matsheds on Crown land at Causeway Bay for the purpose of selling joss-sticks, etc., in connection with religious festivals at the Tin Hau Temple, it was decided to restrict the number of permits for such structures to 10 and to impose a fee of $2.00 each.

27. Resumptions for Scavenging Lanes, &c.-A statement of the work done will be found under the heading "Public Works Extraordinary" (paras. 112, 127 and 134).

28. Private Streets.-Re-surfacing and other repairs under the provisions of Section 186 of the Buildings Ordinance were carried out by this Department at the cost of the frontagers in the following Streets:

On Hing Terrace.

Lane at rear of Nos. 1-25 Chiu Lung Street, and Nos. 16-30) Lee Yuen Street East.

Hing Lung Street. Wing Kut Street.

Ü Yam Lane.

Coronation Terrace.

Ko Shing Street (portions of). Lane at rear of Nos. 3-13

Sai Street.

Fuk Luk Lane. Cheung On Lane. Cheung Kan Lane. On Ning Lane. Torsiem Street. Rienacker Street.

Kui Yan Lane.

Lane at rear of Nos. 2-14 Yau

Yee Lane, Nos: 1-10 Kui Yan Lane, and Nos. 182-192 Third Street.

Yau Yee Lane.

Lane at rear of Nos. 335-353

Queen's Road West.

Chung Ching Street.

Rose Lane.

Lane at rear of Nos. 1-23 First

Street, and Nos.

and Nos. 226-249

Queen's Road West.

Hing Hon Road (portions of). Douglas Lane. Salisbury Avenue.

29. Improvements, etc., of Public Streets.-The policy of requir- ing houses, when undergoing reconstruction, to be built at a higher · level where necessary in order to provide for the future raising of certain low-lying areas in Hongkong and Kowloon has been continued. In some cases, arrangements are made with owners whereby the ground floors of their houses are retained at their former levels upon their giving an undertaking to raise such floors when the raising of the street is carried out.

In the case of some streets, steps have been taken towards effect- ing improvements in the building lines whilst in others schemes for widening have been decided upon. These proposals are being carried into effect as opportunity arises. The principal schemes of this nature are referred to in previous years' Reports.

A scheme for widening Wanchai Road between Queen's Road East and Praya East to a width of 42 feet in order to admit of the construction of a large storm-water culvert by this route was decided upon.

In consequence of representations made by the Unofficial Mem- bers of the Legislative Council, it was decided that, instead of carry- ing out the widening of Queen's Road East as opportunity arises, as

B. O. Work.

Q 18

M

mentioned in paragraph 32 of last year's Report, the scheme should be undertaken and carried out systematically, as expeditiously as possible.

30. Footways.-Attention has been given to footways under balconies and verandahs, notices having been served upon owners to repair such footways. In the following cases, the necessary work has been carried out by this Department at the cost of the owners:—

1-17 and 2-16 Moon Street. 41-49 and 72-76 Wellington

Street.

74-82 Stanley Street.

2-44 Cochrane Street. 20-44 Aberdeen Street.

84-108 and 99-127 Des

Voeux Road Central. 159-187 and 166-176 Queen's

Road Central.

45-57 Staunton Street. 1-19 Lyndhurst Terrace.

74A Hollywood Road.

1-9 Bonham Strand.

94-102 and 141-148 Wing Lok

Street.

129-159 and 182-224 Third

Street.

79-131 First Street.

360A Queen's Road West.

2-34 and 3-15 Pokfulam Road. 452-456 Canton Road. 1 Hong Lok Street.

In the case of the following new buildings erected during the year, the footways under balconies and verandahs adjoining such buildings have been surfaced by this Department at the cost of the lessees:

1 and 1A Shing On Street,

Sai Wan Ho.

50-60 Whitfeild.

2-8 Sing Woo Road.

1A-1C Sharp Street East. 6-18 Matheson Street. 127-130 Praya East. 1-13 Heard Street. 96c-98 Wanchai Road. 19-23 Star Street. 5-11 Stanley Street. 65-69 Battery Street. 153 and 155 Temple Street. 207-225, 262-280, 418-432, and 438-466, Reclama- tion Street.

301-313 Canton Road.

1-7 Argyle Street.

171-179 and 174-176 Corona-

tion Road.

1-9 Changsha Street.

113-119, 147, 191 and 195,

Portland Street.

453-469 Shanghai Street.

35-39 and 69-89 Ki Lung

Street.

15-29 Tai Nan Street.

52-74 Pei Ho Street.

55-59 Kweilin Street.

31. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages. A considerable amount of minor damage was caused by rainstorms during June, July and August. The damage caused to property by typhoons was very slight.

32. Landslips.-Following severe rainstorms on the 3rd and 4th August, a considerable landslip occurred from Morrison Hill on the latter date at the rear of Nos. 14-20 (even numbers) Morrison Hill Road. The mass of stone and earth which fell, in addition to carrying away the kitchens at the rear of all four houses, almost entirely demolished houses Nos. 16 and 18, and severely damaged

}

1

Q 19

B. O. Work.

Nos. 14 and 20. Four persons lost their lives as the result of this landslip.

Another portion of Morrison Hill slipped into the yard at rear of house No. 157 Wanchai Road after heavy rains on the 15th June causing some damage to the building.

On the 4th August, landslips occurred at the rear of Yu On Terrace, the District Watchmen's Quarters, Stone Nullah Lane, and Nos. 17 and 31 Shan Pin Terrace, Shaukiwan East, but, in none of these cases, were they attended with serious results.

There were a few other landslips of a minor nature which do not call for special comment.

33. Collapses.-In addition to the damages to buildings related in the preceding paragraph, collapses occurred as follows:---

The party wall between Nos. 107 and 109 Queen's Road

West, injuring 3 persons.

The roof of Servants' Quarters at rear of No. 3 Seymour

Terrace, injuring one person.

A portion of the first floor of a godown at No. 247 Des Voeux Road West, killing two persons and injuring

one.

The upper storey of Nos. 44 and 46 Second Street, killing

one person and injuring several.

A village house, No. 63 Tai Kai, Kowloon City, killing one

person.

፡፡

A village house, No. 128 Pak Shu Lung, killing one person. A pillar of earth or deadman", left in the course of levelling I.L. 2153, Kennedy Road, collapsed, causing the death of one man.

Portions of retaining walls collapsed on I.L. 2205, Conduit Road, I.L. 2158, Kennedy Road, and at rear of No. 4a Mosque Terrace.

There were several other collapses of a minor nature which do not call for special comment.

34. Earthquake Shocks.-The Colony experienced several earth- quake shocks on the 13th and 14th February, two of which were of somewhat considerable duration. Fortunately, no collapses occurred but cracks were caused in a large number of buildings, in some cases to such an extent as to render the buildings dangerous.

35. Tests of Mortar.-Attention was given to the testing of mortar, 235 samples being taken from works in progress, and in no case was the mortar found to be below the accepted standard.

36. Prosecutions.-The following is a tabulated statement of the cases in which legal proceedings were taken with regard to

B. O. Work.

Q 20

defective building work, illegal works and other nuisances, the number of convictions obtained and the amount of fines imposed :-

Nature of Offence.

No. of Cases.

No. of Convictions.

Amount of Fines.

:

:

Defective building work,

Illegal works (ie., divergence from approv

ed plans, non-submission of plans before commencing building opera- tions, construction of illegal works and occupation of matsheds, &c., with- out permission),

Other nuisances (¿.e., non-compliance with notices issued in connection with nui- sances reported by Officers of the Sanitary Department),

$ 225.00

36

32

1,161 00

57

54

389.00

37. Testing Drains.-Fees amounting to $60.00 were collected on account of additional inspections of drains necessitated by care- lessness or negligence on the part of the parties concerned in the carrying out of the work. This shows a decrease of $30.00 as compared with 1917. 165 drainage inspections were made during the year.

38. Modifications.-Written modifications of various sections of the Ordinance were granted in 50 cases under the powers conferred by Section 264b. This shows a decrease of 12 as compared with 1917.

39. Applications and Appeals to the Governor-in-Council under Section 265.-Applications for modifications of various sections of the Ordinance were made to the Governor-in-Council in 2 cases, 1 of which was granted.

Appeals to the Governor-in-Council were made in 5 cases, 1 of which was granted on certain conditions, the other cases being disallowed.

40. Cemeteries.-Work in connection with forming new ter- races, &c., to afford additional grave spaces was carried out in the following cemeteries:-

Mount Caroline (Sections A. and D).

Kai Lung Wan (Section A).

Kai Lung Wan East (Section A and Plague Section). Hau Pui Loong (Section A and Plague Section).

Kau Lung Tong (Section A).

In addition, various paths were surfaced, roads formed and rainstorm damages repaired, whilst other works in the nature of maintenance were carried out at Mount Caroline, Kai Lung Wan East, Hau Pui Loong and Kau Lung Tong.

The new survey of Kai Lung Wan East Cemetery referred to in last year's Report was completed and plotted to a scale of fifty feet to one inch.

Q21

B. O. Work.

A portion of Mount Caroline Cemetery was set aside as a per- manent burial place for the unidentified remains of victims of the fire which on the 26th February destroyed the matshed stands provided at Happy Valley in connection with the Annual Race Meeting.

In this Cemetery also, a considerable area was cleared of graves at the cost of the Roman Catholic Authorities in order to provide a place of burial for destitutes belonging to the Roman Catholic community. The area was re-terraced by this Department.

With a view to improving the appearance of Kai Lung Wan East Cemetery, some trees and shrubs were planted therein by the Botanical and Forestry Department at the cost of that Department.

41. Theatres Regulation Ordinance.-Forty-six licences were is- sued under this Ordinance during the year for the holding of various public performances. In some cases, the licences were for per- formances in buildings specially erected for the purpose; in some cases for existing buildings which were altered as required prior to the granting of licences; and in other cases for performances in the

open air.

A sum of $1,830.00 was derived from fees paid in connection with the issue of licences.

In two cases, legal proceedings were taken in respect of con- traventions of the Regulations made under the Ordinance with the result that a conviction was obtained in each case, fines amounting to $75.00 being inflicted.

42. Fires.-The following buildings were seriously injured by fire, some of them being damaged to such an extent as to require re- construction:-

11-14 Beaconsfield Arcade.

161 Queen's Road Central.

5 Hollywood Road.

3 Burd Street.

25-31 and 39a-39f Belcher's Street.

Hongkong Golf Club House, Happy Valley.

12, 13 and 14 Main Street, Aberdeen.

Boat-building sheds at Cheungshawan.

Timber sheds, Shantung Street.

A number of matshed booths which were erected in connection with the Race Meeting collapsed without warning on February 26th. The collapse was followed by fire in which about 600 persons lost their lives and a number were injured.

43. Reclamations.--The following is a statement of the private reclamations which were completed or in progress during the year:---

B. O. Work.

Q 22

Area in sq. ft.

Extension of Marine Lot 321, North Point,

(completed),

50,000

Hunghom Marine Lot 3, Hunghom,

(in progress),

..491,000

...618,000

New Kowloon Inland Lots 190 and 191,

Laichikok, (in progress),

The areas stated are those of the lots, which, in some cases, extend further inland than old high-water mark and are therefore not exclusively reclaimed from the sea.

In addition to the above, considerable progress was made with the works in connection with the reclamation of about 230 acres of foreshore and sea-bed at the head of Kowloon Bay, referred to in last year's Report.

44. Principal Works of a Private Nature. Considerable pro- gress was made with the extension of the School of Anatomy to accommodate the School of Physiology, and the erection of a build- ing to contain the School of Pathology and the School of Tropical Medicine at the Hongkong University on I. L. 1859. The erection of a large building for the Students' Union and of quarters for one of the junior officers to the westward of same, on I. L. 1853, was commenced.

The reclamation of the extension to M.L. 321, North Point, referred to in last year's Report, was completed and the erection of the building for the Hongkong Electric Company's new power station was commenced.

The new building for the Missions Etrangéres on I. L. 82 was nearing completion at the end of the year.

The large block of buildings for the Chinese branch of the Y.M. C.A. on I.L. 2048, Taipingshan, was completed.

The erection of a considerable building on R.B.L. 142, Repulse Bay, by the Hongkong Hotel Coy. for occupation as a hotel was commenced.

Considerable progress was made with the construction of the 3 new building slips, 750 feet in length, forming an extension of the Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Company's premises at Hung Hom, (H.H.M.L. 3).

The erection of a large reinforced concrete godown for the Hongkong and Kowloon Wharf and Godown Coy. on K.M.L. 91 was commenced.

A large reinforced concrete godown for the Ocean Steamship Coy. on K. M. L. 88 was erected and the erection of a similar godown was commenced.

The development of two large areas at Ho Mun Tin, formerly known as K. I. Ls. 1283 and 1284 but now subdivided into 41 lots (K. I. Ls. 1308-1348), was proceeded with, the erection of 9 European houses being commenced.

23

B. O. Work.

The construction of two additional building slips by the Taikoo Dockyard Coy. on Q. B. M. L's. 1 & 2 was commenced.

The laying out of a new street and the erection of 40 Chinese houses on I.L. 795, Hill Road, were commenced.

In order to dispense with the depressors hitherto necessitated by a sharp change in gradient below Barker Road Station, an extensive re-grading of the upper portion of the Peak Tramway was undertaken towards the close of the year. The alterations, which involve the substitution of a gradient of 1 in 4 for one of 1 in 3 and the construction of a new and greatly-improved station at Barker Road, will conduce considerably to the safety of the line.

The erection of four large stands, constructed of brick and reinforced concrete, for the Hongkong Jockey Club, on R.B.L. 33, Happy Valley, was commenced.

An extensive reclamation for the Standard Oil Company was commenced on N. K. I. L's. 190 and 191, Laichikok.

Amongst other works which have been commenced or completed during the year, the following may be mentioned:-

Work commenced.

2 Chinese houses, I.L. 1927, Wongneichong.

2106

5

5

14

16

6

PH2O24 COMO LO SOLO HQ H23 H

"

""

""

""

""

25

>>

""

""

3

23

4

I.L. 637, Centre and Second Streets.

K.I.L's 1177 & 1206, Canton Road and

Reclamation Street.

K.I.L. 956, Canton Road.

K.I.L. 60, Woo Sung and Temple Streets. K.M.L. 31, Shanghai Street.

K.I.L's 661 and 1349, Portland Street.

K.I.L's 1356, 970 and 971, Portland Street. K.I.L. 1220, Portland Street.

K.I.L. 1357, Battery and Pakhoi Streets. K.I.L. 423, Reclamation Street. N.K.I.L. 146, Shamshuipo.

N.K.I.L. 187,

N.K.I.L's 112 and 113, Shamshuipo.

N.K.I.L. 139, Shamshuipo.

N.K.I.L. 114,

""

4

N.K.I.L. 42,

""

N.K.I.L. 98,

""

>>

N.K.I.L. 180,

""

""

12

N.K.I.L. 109,

21

""

5

N.K.I.L. 196,

>>

15

4

N.K.I.L: 163,

"

1 European house, I.L. 2205, Conduit Road.

1

2

10

>

>>

>>

Vermilion Factory,

1 Godown,

3

I

27

I.L. 1627, May Road.

I.L. 1919, Bonham Road.

K.I.L. 608, Nathan and Mody Roads. I.L. 2258, Whitfeild.

M.L. 239, Belcher's Street.

I.L. 953, Belcher's Street,

I.L. 1301, Sands Street,

I

B. O. Work.

2 Godowns,

3

6

2

""

Additions to the Tung

Wah Hospital Mor-

tuary,

Factory,

Q 24

I.L. 1301, North Street.

M.L. 245, Catchick Street. K.M.L. 46.

K.M.L. 39.

I.L. 1572, Sandy Bay.

K.M.L. 64, Samchun Street.

K.I.L's 953 and 954, Mongkoktsui.

K.I.L. 955, Canton Road.

>

Forming sites:-I.L's. 1889 and 2252, Conduit Road.

Works completed.

2 Chinese houses, S.I.L. 62, Shaukiwan.

"

2

12

""

6

""

2

""

10

>>

10

""

24

23

>>

13

34

""

2

3.3

13

S.I.L. 440, Saiwanho.

S.M.L's 7-10, Saiwanho.

I.L's 2164 and 2165, Wongneichong. I.L. 2065, Wongneichong.

I.L. 734, Matheson Street.

I.L. 729, R.P., Sharp Street East. I.L. 729, R.P., Yiu Wah Street. I.L. 617, Pedder's Hill.

I.L. 47, Star Street and Tien Poa Street. I.L's 682 and 683, High Street, Third

Street and Ü Lok Lane.

M.L. 198, Queen's Road West.

M.L 111, Praya East, Heard Street and

Wanchai Road.

I.L. 97, Gage Street.

3

""

I.L. 6, Stanley Street.

""

I.L. 709, First and Second Streets.

""

- 2

A.I.L's 42 and 65, Aberdeen.

""

10

""

K.I.L. 1173, Reclamation Street.

6

K.I.L. 964,

do.

>>

8

K.I.L. 976,

do.

""

10

K.I.L. 1174,

do.

""

12

12

3

""

2

9

COM IO O O O

دو

3

14

22

1

NONIO H

4

2

""

>>

A

""

>>

11

""

""

K.I.L. 1167, Reclamation and Shanghai

Streets.

K.I.L. 1168,

do.

K.I.L's 560 to 562, Battery Street.

K.I.L. 1259, Coronation Road.

K.I.L. 1263.

do.

do.

K.I.L. 714, Portland and Changsha Streets. K.I.L's 1306, 966, 967 and 1196, Portland

Street.

K.I.L's 951 to 954, Argyle Street and

Canton Road.

K.I.L. 46, Temple Street.

K.I.L. 1165, Canton Road.

K.I.L. 1207, Shanghai Street, N.K.I.L's 68 and 69, Shamshuipo. N.K.I.L's 103 and 106,

N.K.I.L. 43, Shamshuipo. N.K.I.L. 158,

do.

do.

Q 25

3 Chinese houses, N.K.I.L. 155, Shamshuipo.

4

N.K.I.L. 19,

do.

N.K.I.L. 161,

do.

B. O. Work.

4

6

3

>>

"

>"

وو

N.K.I.L's 162 and 164, Shamshuipo.

N.K.I.L's 178 and 181,

do.

N.K.I.L's 70, 159, 177 and 189, Shamshuipo. N.K.I.L's 140, 154 and 165,

2 European houses, I.L. 2072, Kennedy Road.

4

23

")

3

8

""

10

>>

20

2

1

1

Pavilion,

AAA

Tobacco Factory,

Smith's Shed,

Offices,

Factory,

I.L. 2071,

do.

I.L. 689, Bonham Road.

I.Ls. 690 & 691, Bonham Road. I.L. 757, Hing Hon Road.

I.L. 2091, Sands Street.

I.Ls. 1944 & 2074, Kennedy Road. I.L. 2232, Bowen Road.

R.B.L. 139, Peak.

I.Ls. 742 & 743, Wanchai Road. Q.B.I.L. 8, Quarry Bay.

Q.B.M.L. 2,

Q.B.M.L. 2.

do.

do.

M.L. 293 & I.L. 1780, Whitfeild.

do.

""

""

Godowns,

I.L. 2166,

do.

I.L. 2235,

do.

I.Ls. 2166, 2235, 2204 & M.L. 285,

Whitfeild.

Fat-boiling Factory, I.L. 2169, Kennedy Town.

Godown,

2 Godowns,

K.M.L. 49, Canton Road.

N.K.I.L. 26, Shamshuipo.

Forming sites for buildings:--R.B.L. 139,* Findlay Road; I.Ls. 2232 & 2238, Bowen Road; I.L. 953, Belcher's Street; I.Ls. 1923, 1948, & 2072, Kennedy Road.

There were numerous other buildings besides those mentioned above which were either commenced or completed during the year, but they were not of sufficient magnitude or importance to justify special mention.

The following buildings, &c, mentioned in last year's Report were not completed by the 31st December, 1918-

*

3 Chinese houses, S.I.L. 118, Shaukiwan.

34

M.L. 43, Praya East.

5 out of 10 Chinese houses, K.I.L. 1259, Coronation Road.

3 out of 5

K.I.L. 1263,

do.

28 Chinese houses, K.I.Ls. 1221 & 1222, Taikoktsui.

5 out of 16 Chinese houses, N.K.I.L. 43, Shamshuipo. 4 Chinese houses, N.K.I.L. 105,

do.

2 European houses, I.L. 2079, † Kennedy Road.

1 out of 3 European houses, I.L. 2072, Kennedy Road. 18 European houses, I.Ls. 145 & 146, Wyndham Street.

9

""

I.L. 609, St. Stephen's Lane.

Forming sites for buildings-I.L. 2205, Conduit Road; I.L. 2218, Kennedy Road; I.L. 2154, Babington Path; I.L. 2237, Bowen Road; N.K.F.L. 8, Kowloon Tong.

Erroneously stated as R.B.L. 239 in last year's Report.

do. do.

I.L. 1079 N.K.I.L. 8

do.

do.

...

3

P.W.R. Hongkong.

26

PUBLIC WORKS RECURRENT.

HONGKONG.

45. Maintenance of Buildings.-The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following:-

New Government Offices:-

General repairs and painting throughout, Minor repairs,

$7,843.13

148.02

$7,991.15

Government Buildings Generally :—

Repairs to electric lights, lifts, fans, bells,

alarms, and lightning conductors,

Clearing and flushing drains, &c.,

Repairs to water services,

...

3,612.26

779.10

2,325.12

6,716.48

New Law Courts:-

General repairs and painting and colourwash-

ing throughout,

4,609.25

Minor repairs,

581.54

5,190.79

Central Market :--

General repairs and painting and colourwash-

ing throughout,

Minor repairs, ...

Subordinate Officers' Quarters, West End Park:-

'

General repairs and painting throughout,

Minor repairs,

3,977.88

309.55

4,287.43

3,285.39

797.65

4,083.04

Victoria Hospital:-

General repairs internally and

painting externally,...

$1,876.96

Minor repairs,

465.06

2,342.02

Staff Quarters-General repairs and painting

throughout, ...

1,666.55

4,008.57

Kennedy Town Cattle Depôts and Slaughter Houses :-

Cattle Depôt--General repairs &

limewhiting internally,

$1,517.33

Minor repairs,

80.50

$1.597.83

Sheep and Swine Depôt-General

repairs and limewhiting inter-

nally,...

*..

Minor repairs,

828.52

16.63

845.15

*

27

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Kennedy Town Cattle Depôts and Slaughter Houses :-Continued.

Inspector's Quarters-General re-

pairs, painting and colour- washing,

$496.18

Minor repairs,

136.21

$632.39

Slaughter House-General repairs

and painting internally,...

373.53

Minor repairs,

227.03

600.56

Inspector's Bungalow-General

repairs, painting and colour-

washing,

149.49

Minor repairs,

98.39

247.88

-$3,923.81

Government Civil Hospital:

"A" Block-General repairs,

painting and colourwashing internally,...

1,646.94

Minor repairs,

177.12

1,824.06

Superintendent's Quarters-Gen-·

eral repairs and painting

throughout,

1,121.45

Minor repairs,

2.97

1,124.42

European Lunatic Asylum-Minor repairs,......

211.66

Staff Quarters Colourwashing

and limewhiting,

Minor repairs,

105.90

83.07

188.97

3,349.11

Victoria Gaol Warders' Quarters :---

General repairs and painting and colour-

washing throughout,

Minor repairs,

Government Villas :-

General repairs, painting and colourwashing

throughout,

Minor repairs,

...

Chief Justice's Residence :-

General repairs, painting and colourwashing

throughout,

..

Minor repairs,

2,842.96

164.56

3,007.52

2,777.49

111.73

2,889.22

1,992.65

380.14

2,372.79

P.W.R. Hongkong.

28

Botanical and Forestry Department:

Superintendent's Quarters-Gen- eral repairs and painting and colourwashing,.......

Minor repairs,

Forestry Store--General repairs, painting and

limewhiting throughout,

$1,335.51

45.50

$1,381.01

409.59

-$1,790.60

Stanley Police Station:-

General repairs and painting throughout,

$96.36

Minor repairs,

780.09

1,676.45

Chair Shelter and Coolie Quarters, Victoria

Gap:--

General repairs and painting throughout,

1,288.63

Minor repairs,

379.05

1,667.68

Green Island Gunpowder Depôt :-

General repairs and painting throughout,

1,522.53.

Wanchai School :—

General repairs and painting throughout,

Minor repairs,

1,363.46

19.73

1,383.19

Sai Ying Pun Market--General repairs and

painting throughout,

1,361.36

Defence Corps Headquarters :-

General repairs and painting throughout,

1,202.29

Minor repairs, ...

12.69

1,214.98

Colonial Secretary's Residence :-

General repairs and painting internally, Minor repairs,

854.70

232.60

1,087.30

Soo Kun Poo Market:-

General repairs and painting throughout, Minor repairs,

1,033.37

25.60

1,058.97

Government House :-

Cleaning and washing all walls, limewhiting

ceilings, polishing floors and painting,

680.05

Minor repairs,

266.48

946.53

Kennedy Town Hospital:-

General repairs and colourwash-

ing internally,

$279,76

Minor repairs,

172.61

452.37

Staff Quarters-General repairs and painting

throughout,

470.26

922.63

Q 29

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Western Market :-

North Block-General repairs and

limewhiting internally

$452.95

Minor repairs,

33.99

$486.94

South Block-Limewhiting and

tarring internally,

273.24

Minor repairs,

13.42

286.66

$773.60

Opium Factory:—

Renewing floor, brick-pier and beams,.......

569.99

Minor repairs, ...

136.95

706.94

Ellis Kadoorie School:--

General repairs painting and limewhiting

internally,

518.40

Minor repairs,...

172.74

691.14

Sai Wan Ho Market:--

General repairs and painting throughout,

618.47

Minor repairs, ...

58.67

677.14

Scavengers' Quarters, Bridges Street:-

Repairing matsheds,

334.50

Minor repairs,...

327.34

661.84

Kennedy Town Police Station :-

General repairs and painting throughout, Minor repairs,

557.74

71.60

629.34

Morrison Hill Houses :-

General repairs and colour-washing in-

ternally,

163.32

Minor repairs,

454.14

617.46

Aberdeen Police Station-Minor repairs and

painting throughout,

586.96

Central Police Station -

Barrack Block--Repairing matshed in com-

pound, ...

141.50

Minor repairs,

439.14

580.64

Shaukiwan Market-General repairs and

painting throughout, ...

544.52

No. 2 Police Station-General repairs, painting and colourwashing internally, Subordinate Officers' Quarters, Happy Valley :-- Granite facing to portions of cutting in rear, Minor repairs,

542.67

338.36

48.47

386.83

༣ ་ ༈༙ ་

:

P.W.R. Hongkong.

30

Gough Hill Police Station:-

General repairs and colourwashing internally,

$254.60

Minor repairs, ...

131.52

$386.12

No. 8 Police Station-Minor repairs,...

370.59

Mountain Lodge-Minor repairs,

344.00

No. 5 Police Station:

Boiler supplied,

250.00

Minor repairs,

77.59

327.59

Cape D'Aguilar Wireless Station :---

Painting all exposed ironwork,

137.78

Minor repairs,

182.33

...

320.11

Sai Ying Pun School:-

General repairs, colourwashing and lime-

whiting internally,

98.51

Minor repairs, ...

147.34

245.85

No. 7 Police Station General repairs and lime-

whiting internally,

239.67

233.33

223.32

Government Offices-Minor repairs,...

Disinfecting Station-Minor repairs,

Belilios Public School :-

General repairs, limewhiting and colourwash-

ing internally,

202.45

Minor repairs,

15.07

217.52

Soo Kun Poo School :-

General repairs, limewhiting and painting

internally,

160.88

Minor repairs, .

49.15

210.03

P.W.D. Stores and Quarters, Wanchai :—

General repairs, and painting internally,

203.99

46. Improvements to Buildings.-The following is a statement of the work executed under this heading:-

Kennedy Town Cattle Depôt-Laying concrete surfacing

to yard,

.$1,377.08

Scavengers' Quarters, Bridges Street,-Erecting brick

piers, &c.,...

794.78

Bullock Stables near No. 1 Police Station-Laying granite

blocks in yard,

7.12.65

Central Market-Constructing 2 reinforced concrete meat

stalls and 2 fish stalls,

573.63

Disinfecting Station:-

ཡར་

Constructing covered-way,

$290.04

Do. concrete floor,

224.24

514.28

Government House :-

Q 31

Making teak screens and teak shelves to

geyser,

Installing water closet, etc.,

Green Island Lighthouse-Enclosing verandah

to quarters,

Kennedy Town Slaughter House--Alteration to

office, &c.,

Ellis Kadoorie School:

Alterations to form Lady Teacher's room, Constructing new fireplace, ...

P.W.R. Hongkong.

$217.63 - 240.20

$457.83

379.26

368.21

112.71

220.46

333.17

No. 8 Police Station-Renewing floor with rein-

forced concrete,

289.67

Government Villas Constructing reinforced

concrete covered-way,...

280.23

Government Offices-Alteration to Overseers'

Offices, ...

190.30

...

Victoria Gaol-Constructing flue to laundry,...

175.55

Victoria Hospital Staff Quarters-Providing

and fixing picture rails,

103.86

47. Maintenance of Lighthouses.-The following sums were expended upon the various lighthouses:-

Green Island:

General repairs, painting and limewhiting

externally,

$389.81

Surfacing path with concrete,

226.49

Minor repairs, ...

345.93

$962.23

Waglan:-

General repairs, painting and limewhiting

externally,

...

Minor repairs,

Gap Rock :-

General repairs and painting externally, Repairing fog signal apparatus, ...

Cape Collinson-General repairs, painting

and limewhiting externally,

Cap Sui Mun--General repairs, painting and

limewhiting externally,

853.37

50.99

904.36

$626.15

232.98

$859.13

88.50

65.22

48. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in City.

Improvements to Roads and Bridges in City.} Approximate

Mileage 60.---The road surfaces were maintained generally in a satisfactory condition; the bituminous treatment of carriageways was still further extended throughout the City, whilst a considerable area of granite setts was laid in the carriageways in those portions

P.W.R. Hongkong.

32

of the City where the increasing traffic rendered such paving desirable.

A flight of steps known as West End Path" was constructed between Bonham Road and High Street in connection with the development of I.L. 689, on which a new private street was laid out, with houses fronting on same. The total cost of this work amounted to $2,606.97, towards which a sum of $1,400.00 was contributed by the lessee of the lot mentioned.

The following figures show the extent of the operations carried out at the Government Quarry during the year:

Stone. Various grades passed through crushers :-

A total quantity of 8,627 cubic yards, of which 1,486 cubic yards were made into tar macadam, 11 cubic yards into asphaltic concrete, 605 cubic yards into sand carpeting and 6,525 cubic yards were delivered. to various works as the material came from the crushers. Further 31,127 granolithic paving slabs were made for use on footways, 341 reinforced concrete standards for railings and 204 reinforced concrete steps for paths.

The following are particulars of the improved surfacing intro- duced on a number of roads in addition to those mentioned in previous reports:-

Substitution of Granite Setts for Macadam or Concrete :-

Wing Lok Street,

Connaught Road,

Smithfield,

Queen's Road West,

Queen's Road East,

Praya East, ...

*Torsiem Street,

*Ko Shing Street,...

sq. yds.,...

:

sq. yds.

287

18

69

22

25

200

66

433

1,120

Substitution of Tar Macadam for Ordinary Macadam or Concrete :---

Robinson Road,

Wanchai Road,

sq. yds.,...

sq. yds.

73

83

156

* In these cases, the cost was defrayed, either partly or wholly, by the frontagers, under the provisions of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance,

+

33

www

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Substitution of 2" Asphaltum laid on Cement Concrete hed for

Macadam:-

Chater Road,

Des Voeux Road,...

sq. yds.,...

sq. yds.

520

973

1,493

Substitution of Asphaltum Carpeting for Macadam :

Pedder Street, ...

Catchick Street,

?

*Hing Hon Road,

Queen's Road Central,

Tin Lok Lane,...

sq. yds., ...

Application of a thin coat of Tar Toppings:-

sq, yds.

1,877

399

945

353

:

553

4,127

sq. yds.

Lyttelton Road,

2,743

Bonham Road,......

67

Path, Conduit to Robinson Road,

153

Robinson Road,

2,527

Hill Road,

271

Lower Albert Road,

236

Path, Peak Road,

37

Peak Road,

Path from Bowen Road to May Road,

1,192

100

Queen's Gardens,

237

Seymour Road,..

1,447

Leighton Hill Road,

501

sq. yds.

9,511

Tarring and Sanding:—

Pokfulam Road,

Victoria Road,

Glenealy, ...

Garden Road,

Path to Public Gardens,

High Street,

Castle Road,

sq. yds.

sq. yds.

5,237

4,328

1,192

2,141

495

463

173

14,029

* In this case, the cost was entirely defrayed, by the frontagers, under the

provisions of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance,

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 34

2" Granolithic Paving Slabs laid in footways:—

sq. yds.

Robinson Road,

Queen's Road East,...

Staveley Street,

High Street,

77

29

56

47

Cochrane Street,

Third Street,

83

74

Connaught Road,

140

Pokfulam Road,

192

Garden Road,

136

Lyndhurst Terrace,...

17

*Queen's Road Central,

109

*Stanley Street, ...

37

*Queen's Road West,

22

*Queen's Road Central,

280

*First Street,

15

*Third Street,

81

*Ko Shing Street,

168

*Aberdeen Street,

170

*Wellington Street,

60

*Staunton Street,

44

*Des Voeux Road Central,

481

*Wing Lok Street,

28

*Pedder Street,

366

*Praya East,

294

*First Street,

*Causeway Bay,...

*Praya East,

*Wing Kut Street,

**Heard Street,

*Stanley Street,...

*Pokfulam Road,

*Queen's Road Central,

*Li Yuen Street,

*Wing Shing Street,

102

109

383

237

203

48

190

358

175

116

*Sharp Street East,

*Yiu Wah Street,

sq. yds.,...

125

238

5,290

49. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges outside City Approx-

Improvements to Roads and Bridges outside City. imate Mileage 39.-The roads generally were maintained in a satisfactory manner.

Improvements were made on the Shaukiwan Road for a con- siderable length east of the main entrance to the Taikoo Shipyard by substituting for decomposed granite, macadam 3′′ thick, which was then tarred and sanded.

* In these cases, the cost was defrayed, either partly or wholly, by the frontagers, under the provisions of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance.

35

P.W.R. Hongkong.

On the Victoria and Pokfulam Roads, the system of substituting macadam, tarred and sanded, for decomposed granite was continued.

The policy of treating the outlying and hill roads with tar has been continued.

The following is a statement of the improved surfacing in- troduced on a number of the roads, the areas stated being additional to those mentioned in previous reports :--

Substitution of Asphalte Carpeting for Macadam or Concrete :-

Mount Kellet Road,

Tarring and Sanding :—

sq. yds. 1,080

sq. yds.

Aberdeen Old Road,

1,880

Craigmin Road,

160

Gough Hill Road,

1,814

Path from Plantation Road to Barker Road,

...

1,200

Peak Road,

960

Stanley Road,

350

Shaukiwan Road,

3,830

Sing Woo Road,

1,500

sq. yds.,...

11,694

2" Granolithic Paving Slabs laid in footways :—

*Siug Woo Road,

*Shaukiwan Road,

*Shing On Street,

sq. yds.,...

sq. yds.

85

36

32

153

50. Maintenance of Telephones, including all Cables.-The lines and instruments were maintained in good order.

The aerial lines from the City to the North Point Cable House were diverted from the south to the north side of the French Convent at Causeway Bay.

A small private telephone system was installed in the Imports and Exports Offices.

Two telephones were installed at the Peak Rifle Range.

A telephone was installed in the Store Office, Sanitary Depart- ment, New Government Offices, and one in the Architectural Office, Public Works Department.

* In these cases, the cost was defrayed, either partly or wholly, by the froutagers, under the provisions of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance,

A

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 36

An additional trunk line was connected from the Central to the Water Police Station by utilising the disused aerial telegraph wires to the Royal Observatory.

In addition to the construction of new telephone lines and the maintenance of existing lines, a large amount of work was done in the way of installing electric light and bell services in various Government Buildings, and maintaining such services in others.

The following buildings were wired, either wholly or in part, for the installation of electric lighting :-

Victoria Gaol.

Locomotive Yard, Kowloon-Canton Railway.

Laichikok Camp.

Kowloon City Police Station.

Repairing and Coaling Yard for Government launches. Treasury.

New Public Latrines.

Government House Grounds.

Shamshuipo Market.

The following is a statement of lamps and other electrical ap- pliances installed or repaired during the year;-

Nature of Work.

Lights.

Fans.

Radiators,

Motors, &c.

Lifts.

Maintained,

Installed,

6,324 236

641 *

42

5 191

15

227

9

3

36

12

Faults repaired,

375

620 † 26 + 22

3

Bells.

51. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.—The sewers, storm- water drains and trained nullahs generally were cleansed and maintained in good condition, the open nullahs and channels in the City of Victoria and in the Shaukiwan District being cleansed by the Sanitary Department. The automatic flushing tanks were kept working continuously and the manual flushing tanks were operated during the period of low tides. Sand deposits were cleared as they occurred. The temporary timber outfalls opposite Stone Nullah Lane and Triangle Street, Praya East, were kept in repair.

The Wanchai Gap sedimentation tank was periodically sludged. All metal work in connection with the various drainage systems was inspected, and, where found necessary, was repaired and tarred. Repairs were made to several sewers, nullahs, storm-water drains and channels, the most important being to sewers in Praya East,

*All the fans were cleaned and oiled.

† 26 fans and 4 motors were rewound with new wire.

Lightning

Conductors.

-

pun r{le18a[p),

Telephone

Instruments.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

near Ship Street, to private drains in lane between Kau U Fong and Wellington Street, at side of No. 37 Robinson Road, and at Nos. 21 to 25 Elgin Street; to nullahs at Wongneichong and Calder Path; and to storm-water drains in Albany Road, Garden Road, Pedder Street, Wyndham Street, and Glenealy.

About 1,265 feet of old disused drains of various sizes and types were destroyed and filled in.

The details of expenditure under this heading are as follows:-

Labour for cleansing operations,

Repairs,

Tools for cleansing operations, General incidental expenditure,

$9,386.28

6,763.37

327.24 1,372.03

$17,848.92

as against $17,187.26 in the previous year.

52. Gas Lighting, City and Suburbs and Hill District.-The total number of lamps in use at the end of the year in the City and its precincts was 1,180, an increase of 32 over the previous year, and in the Hill District 129, an increase of 2 as compared with the previous year. The positions of the various additional lamps will be found in paragraph 97 of this Report.

53. Electric Lighting, City, Hill District and Shaukiwan.—The numbers and positions of the incandescent electric lamps in use are as under :-

་་

City of Victoria On Tramway route

Various roads...

55

1,000 C.P.

(58 pairs)... 116

100 C.P.

Shaukiwan,

21*

50 C.P.

Bowen Road,

10

32 C.P.

Path from Bowen Road to May Road,

6

32 C.P.

Lugard Road, ...

32 C.P.

Barker Road,

2+

16 C.P.

Wongneichong Road,

100 C.P.

Total No. 223

3

The positions of the additional lamps fixed will be found in paragraph 97 of this Report.

* In addition to these, the Taikoo Dock Company provide and light 10 lamps each having a cluster of 3—100 C.P. Incandescent lamps-fcr lighting this road adjacent to their property, and the Taikoo Sugar Refining Company provide and light 7—2000 C.P. Incandescent lamps for lighting it adjacent to their property. †These lamps were inadvertently omitted from the statement contained in last year's Report. They were provided in 1914 for illuminating a board containing addresses of residents in the neighbourhood of Barker Road.

:

:

A

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 38

.

54. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers.-The following is

a statement of the principal items of expenditure under this vote:-

Praya Walls, General,-General repairs, Kennedy Town Pier-General repairs, Statue Pier-General repairs, ... Arsenal Street Pier-General repairs, Murray Pier-General repairs,... Blake Pier-General repairs,

.$2,407.23

759.73

622.45

453.63

396.43

149.56

55. Maintenance of Public Cemetery.—A retaining wall was erected to support section 16E and rock was removed from sections 16c and 16, in order to provide a greater area for burial purposes.

56. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries.-The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 40 of this Report.

57. Maintenance of Public Recreation Grounds.-The various grounds were maintained in good order. The use of departmental labour for the purpose of mowing grass, cleansing ditches, &c., was continued.

The southern half of section E on the Wongneichong Recrea- tion Ground was re-turfed.

ture:-

The following is a statement of the principal items of expendi-

Wongneichong:-

Labour in trimming,

Re-turfing southern half of Section E,

$1,699.13 890.46

-$2,589.59

58. Dredging Foreshores.-The grab dredger was employed at the following places and removed the quantities of material stated during the year:-

In front of the Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Co's

cubic yds.

premises at Hunghom,

12,588

Naval Yard Camber, at Kowloon,

236

Shamshuipo Reclamation trial pits,

3,787

Drain outfalls,...

22,891

Total,

39,502

The vessel was hired to the Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Company for a period of 3 months and to the Naval Authorities for 2 days during the year. It was put on the slip and overhauled by the Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Company at a cost of $1,165.00.

1,500 cubic yards of approved material were deposited on the site of the Shamshuipo Reclamation during the year.

39

P.W.R. Hongkong.

59, Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages. The heavy rains of the 12th to 17th June, (16'59 inches in 6 days) of the 1st to 4th August, (18:36 inches in 4 days) and of the 19th to 22nd Septem- ber (11.98 inches in 4 days) caused numerous landslips scattered over a great number of roads. A large landslip occurred on the south side of Pokfulam Road, below the new filter beds, and it was found necessary to extend for a further length of 84 feet the retain- ing wall which was erected in 1917. There were also very heavy landslips on the Taitam Road and on the new road to Deep Water Bay which completely blocked these roads. Wanchai Gap Road, near the District Watchmen's quarters, was carried away by a land- slip necessitating the erection of a substantial retaining wall. Advantage was taken of a heavy landslip on Kennedy Road, east of the Public Laundries, to improve the alignment of the Road at this point.

The surfaces of those roads treated with bitumen suffered only to a trifling extent from rainstorm damage and the gradual extension of this method of treatment is reducing the damage caused by rain scour to a minimum.

Considerable quantities of sand, &c., which had been washed into the various nullahs and storm-water drains were removed and repairs were effected where necessary. In the case of the nullahs east of I.L. 1485 and east of I.L. 1633, improvements in the align- ment and gradients were made in the neighbourhood of May Road in reinstating the damaged portions.

60. Stores Depreciation.-The adjustment of store values and re-conditioning of old stores have been met from this head, and also the loss incurred by the sale of obsolete and unserviceable stores, the total amount of these items being $300.58.

A sum of $88.10 being rebate on freight charges in connection with stores purchased in England through the Crown Agents was credited to this item, also a sum of $1,811.57 due to the return of stores issued prior to 1918.

The result was that, instead of shewing any expenditure, the vote shews a credit balance of $1,699.09.

61. Maintenance of City and Hill District Waterworks.-The year opened with constant supply by house services in force in all districts and except for a period of 9 days, (29th May to 6th June, inclusive), during which it was necessary to discontinue the supply by house-services, in the Rider Main Districts and to substitute supply by street fountains, this system was maintained throughout the year.

The necessity of having recourse to street fountains for the brief period mentioned arose from the fact that, owing to the long drought, the gravitation reservoirs became practically empty and, as one of the new engines at Taitam Tuk was incapable of being worked, owing to a cracked cylinder, the available pumping plant was inade- quate to maintain the full daily supply. The substitution of supply by street fountains in the Rider Main Districts reduced the con-

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 40

sumption of water to the quantity which could be supplied by pumping, thus obviating recourse to further restrictive measures. By the 7th June, sufficient rain had fallen to admit of the gravitation reservoirs being again drawn upon to the necessary extent and constant supply by house-services in the Rider Main Districts was therefore restored on that date and was maintained throughout the remainder of the year.

The total quantity of water stored in the impounding reservoirs on the 1st January amounted to 1,173.10 million gallons. It reached a minimum on the 2nd June when it amounted to 440.17 million gallons, the contents of the gravitation reservoirs, which were in a very muddy condition, being then only 12.29 million gallons.

The reservoirs were at or over their permanent overflow levels for the following periods:-

Reservoir.

Capacity to permanent overflow level. (Million gallons.)

Period.

22.36

Taitam,

384.80

Taitam Byewash,

Taitam Intermediate,

195-91

Taitam Tuk,

1,419.00

Wongneichong,.......

30:34

Pokfulam,

66.00

2nd August to 26th October. 3rd August toothSeptember. 20th September to 13th

October.

2nd August to 31st Decem-

ber.

15th August to 28th Novem-

ber.

Various periods between 15th August and 4th Octo- ber amounting in all to 27 days.

Various periods between 16th July and 7th Octo. ber amounting in all to 66 days.

The rainfall for the year amounted to 101.60 inches (Observatory record) or 18.44 inches above the average; June, August and Sep- tember being specially wet months. The rainfall for the period, May to September inclusive, which is regarded as the "wet season was 26.79 inches above the average.

J

The maximum quantity of water impounded in all the reservoirs amounted to 2,151.86 million gallons on the 21st September or 538.54 million gallons more than the maximum during 1917.

The total quantity of water remaining in the reservoirs at the end of the year amounted to 1,783.95 million gallons.

The defects in one of the new pumping engines, recorded in last year's Report, which rendered it unfit for service, had not been remedied by the close of the year, but the necessary repairs were in progress. The other new engine was serviceable during the early months of the year and had been repaired and put in thorough working order by the 17th December on which date it was re-started. The latter ran from the 1st January to the 15th June and from the

Q 41

P.W.R. Hongkong.

17th to the 31st December -a total of 181 days. The two Tangye engines, erected in 1908, were in operation for 197 days during the

year.

The total quantity of water pumped during the year amounted to 731.72 million gallons as compared with 705.45 millions during

1917.

The following is a comparative statement of the cost of pumping during 1917 and 1918.

Taitam Tuk Pumping Station.

1917.

1918.

Coal. Wages,

47,058.32 *

65,503.45 *

4,928.71

Miscellaneous, including repairs and stores other

than coal,....

4,463.66

3,917.40

5,101,92

Total,

$ 55,901.43

75,069.03

A comparative statement of the local rainfall for the year at various points is given in the following table:

Month.

Royal

Observatory.

Kowloon

January,

0.010

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

February,

0.015

Nil.

Nil.

0.06

0.11

0.02

0.22

March,

1.105

1.12

1.30

1.10

1.29

0.94

1.29

April,

4.440

3.99

4.13

4.08

3.05

5.23

4.65

May,

6.655

6.74

8.80

7,04

6.81

6,55

7.66

June,

24.795 21.50 26.24

28.06

21.52

28.18

23.64

2

July,

11.640 16.23

12.50

12.01

9.94

13.08

30.87

August,......

29.230 34.83

30.23

29.11

24,42

31.51

40.48

September,

18.450 19.33 19.87

25.65

26.52

17.39

13.17

October,

0.050

Nil.

0.04

0.46

0.26

0.06

0.85

November,

3.075

4.47

5.83

3.90

2.85

4.70

5.74

December,

0.140

0.16

0.70

0.68

0.74

0.42

0.58

Total 1918,..

101.605. 108.37

""

1917..... 81.485 83.85

109.64 112.15 97.51 108.08 129.15 83.78 80.37 72.42 81,58 93.09

Increase, or Decrease,

20.120+24.52 +25.86 +31.73 +25.09+26,50 +36.06

*This is the value of the coal consumed during the year. Coal to the value of $3,622 50 was carried forward from 1917 to 1918 and coal to the value of $4,335,00 was carried forward from 1918 to 1919. The price of coal during 1918 varied from $19.20 to $25.20, the average price being $22.07 per ton. In 1917, the price varied from $15.80 to $20.30 per ton,

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 42

The total quantity of water supplied during the year amounted to 2,231.30 million gallons filtered and 33:37 million gallons un- filtered, making a grand total of 2,264'67 million gallons or 462·14 million gallons more than during 1917.

The average consumption of filtered water per head per day for all purposes throughout the whole year amounted to about 22-5 gallons. In arriving at this figure, the population has been estimated at 272,100.

Full details of consumption, &c., will be found in Annexes C and D.

The analyses made by the Government Analyst show that the water was of good quality throughout the year and the results obtained by bacteriological examinations were likewise satisfactory.

The quantity of water pumped to the High Level District of the City amounted to 108 84 million gallons, equal to an average daily consumption of about 300,000 gallons, whilst 43:49 million gallons were pumped to the Hill District giving an average daily consumption of 120,000 gallons. As compared with 1917, there was an increase of 821 million gallons pumped to the High Level Districts and an increase of 6:54 million gallons pumped to the Hill District.

The grand total pumped during the year to the High Level and Hill Districts amounted to 152:33 million gallons as compared with 137 58 million gallons pumped during 1917.

Tabulated statements containing particulars of the quantities pumped to the High Levels of the City and to the Hill District respectively will be found in Annexe E.

All engines, motors and station buildings have been kept in good repair throughout the year.

The work of overhauling the valves on the principal mains in the City was continued during the year, the number thoroughly repaired amounting to 168.

Owing to the Fire Brigade having obtained large motor pumps for fire fighting purposes, it has been found necessary to fix fire hydrants in groups in order to give a sufficient volume of water to feed the pumps. Experiments were undertaken and patterns were made with a view to determining the most satisfactory method of grouping the hydrants. Three groups, each containing 3 hydrants of the spring type, were fixed before the close of the year near the City Hall and in Chater Road, but the necessary tests to ascertain whether they were satisfactory still remained to be carried out.

The number of meters in use at the end of the year amounted to 1,777 in the City and 179 in the Hill District making a total of 1,956 as compared with 1,717 and 177, or a total of 1,894, at the end of 1917. These figures do not include 16 meters in use at Pokfulam.

43

P.W.R. Hongkong.

The quantity of water supplied by meter was as follows:-

Filtered-Trade,

265.33 million gallons.

Domestic (City),

173.83

$9

(Hill District),.

43.49

""

Unfiltered,

33.37

"}

Total,.

516.02

>>

These figures shew an increase of 41.24 million gallons in the quantity supplied by meter, as compared with 1917.

New services were constructed or old ones altered, improved, repaired or connected to the mains to the number of 1,007 and 40 supplies were laid on for building purposes.

The number of inspections of private services carried out amounted to 11,426. Defective services were found in 366 cases, all of which were put in proper repair, after the usual notices had been served.

62. Maintenance of Water Works, Shaukiwan.-A satisfactory supply of water was maintained from June to the end of December but, during the earlier months of the year, the supply was inade- quate. The average supply during the former period was 145,000 gallons per day, whilst for the latter period it fell to 82,000 gallons. These figures do not include the quantity supplied to the Saiwan Battery.

The total consumption for the year amounted to 43.41 million gallons, including 2.42 million gallons supplied to the Barracks at Saiwan and 4.53 million gallons supplied to the boat population, or an average of about 119,000 gallons per day.

Details of the consumption are given in Annexe F.

There were 7 meters in use at the close of the year.

63. Maintenance of Water Works, Aberdeen.-A satisfactory supply of water was maintained throughout the year, the total con- sumption being 22.17 million gallons (including 6.20 million gallons supplied to water boats) or 61,000 gallons per day.

Details of consumption are given in Annexe G.

There were 5 meters in use at the close of the year.

64. Water Account.-The number of meters examined and

repaired during the year amounted to 1,167.

The following is a statement of the expenditure under the vote:-~

New meters fixed (difference in value between

issues and receipts).

Repairs to meters,

Meter boxes,

Miscellaneous,...

Total,...

$ 3.426.97

3,655.49

121.58 1,767.81

$ 8,971.85

...

P.W.R. Kowloon.

P.W.R. KOWLOON.

44

A M

65. Maintenance of Buildings.—The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following :---

Ma Tau Kok Cattle Depôt--General

repairs and painting throughout, Inspector's Quarters-General repairs

and painting throughout,

$1,526.38

1,307.69

$2,834.07

Subordinate Officers' Quarters, King's Park :-

General repairs and painting throughout, Minor repairs, .

1,802.69 54.65

1,857.34

Yaumati School :-

General repairs and painting throughout, Minor repairs,

1,695.95

99.68

1,795.63

}

Chatham Road Houses :--

General repairs, limewhiting and tarring

internally,

426.11

Repairing roof of No. 32,

336.48

Minor repairs,

458.19

$1,220.78

Royal Observatory :-

Re-surfacing compound with concrete,......

458.36

Repairing roofs,

273.28

Minor repairs,

210.29

941.93

Tsim Sha Tsui Market-General repairs and

painting throughout,

617.83

Mong Kok Tsui Market-General repairs and

painting throughout,

530.39

Yaumati Market:

General repairs and painting internally, Re-surfacing western side of compound

288.89

with concrete,

138.20

427.09

Yaumati Police Station :-

Renewing floor in hardwood,...

270.43

Fixing flagstaff,

141.70

412.13

Government Buildings Generally :-

Repairs to electric lights, fans, bells,

alarms, &c.,

115.53

Clearing and flushing drains,

106.78

Repairs to water services,

163.75

386.06

45

P.W.R. Kowloon.

Kowloon Disinfecting Station :-

General repairs, painting and limewhit-

ing internally,...

Minor repairs,

Hung Hom Market:-

$195.24

121.18

$316.42

General repairs, limewhiting and tarring

internally,...

Constructing piers in brickwork and

renewing timbers,

Tai Kok Tsui Market-General repairs, paint- ing and limewhiting throughout, ... Shamshuipo Guard House-General repairs,

painting and limewhiting throughout,...

Shamshuipo Police Station :-

General repairs, colourwashing, lime- whiting and tarring internally,

Minor repairs,

...

78.90

206.78

285.68

207.77

199.80

132.28

61.68

193.96

66. Improvements to Buildings.-The only item worthy of

mention is the following

Hung Hom Police Station :

constructing fireplace,

Renewing roof,...

Removing bank, cutting doorway and

67. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges.

Improvements to Roads and Bridges.

$545.16

213.82

$758.98

Approximate Mileage

28.-The roads generally were maintained in a satisfactory manner.

The formation of the temporary road, referred to in last year's Report, linking up the southern and northern portions of Nathan Road was completed, the latter portion of Nathan Road, extending as far as Argyle Street, being improved by re-forming the carriageway and laying a central strip of macadam, 20 feet wide, which was tarred and sanded. The road now forms the main route for motor traffic to Tai Po and Tsün Wan.

The following are particulars of the improved surfacing in- troduced on a number of the roads in addition to those mentioned in previous Reports :-

Substitution of 1" Asphaltum Carpeting for Macadam :—

Battery Street,

Reclamation Street,

sq. yds.

1,160

940

sq. yds.,

2,100

P. W. R. Kowloon.

46

Substitution of 2" Asphaltum, laid on Cement Concrete bed, for Macadam:-

Canton Road,...

sq. yds.

775

Tarring and Sanding:-

sq. yds.

Nathan Road,

11,000

Shanghai Street,

4,000

Wuhu Street,

900

sq. yds.,

15,900

2" Granolithic Paving Slabs laid in footways:----

* Reclamation Street,

* Portland Street,.......

* Saigon Street,

* Hong Lok Street, *Kowloon City Road,.. * Canton Road, * Argyle Street, *Nathan Road, * Nelson Street, *Temple Street,

sq. yds.

1,312

234

89

22

122

72

457

1,289

83

32

sq. yds.,

3,712

68. Maintenance of Telephones. The lines and instruments were kept in good order. Two additional telephones were installed, one at the Signal Station on Signal Hill, and the other at the Royal Observatory. Apparatus was made and fixed for transmitting meteorological and time signals from the Royal Observatory to the Wireless Station, Cape D'Aguilar.

69. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,-The sewers, storm- water drains and trained nullahs were cleansed and maintained in good condition, the open channels and nullahs being attended to by the Sanitary Department. Sand deposits were removed from the Waterloo Road, Argyle Street. Soy Street, Nelson Street and Lo Lung Hang Nullahs, from the catchpits in No. 1 Valley, Yaumati, and from the storm-water drain in Saigon Street. Repairs were made to the invert of the Portland Street nullah between Nelson Street and Argyle Street. All metal work in connection with the drainage systems was inspected and, where necessary, repaired and tarred. About 114 feet of old disused drains of various sizes and types were destroyed and filled in.

* In these cases the cost was defrayed, either partly or wholly, by the front- agers, under the provisions of the l'ublic Health and Buildings Ordinance.

1

:

î

K

Q 47

P. W. R. Kowloon.

The details of the expenditure under this head are as follows: --

Labour for cleansing operations,

Repairs,

$5,726.53

Tools for cleansing operations,

General incidental expenditure,

1,278.12

524.89

95.90

Total,

7,625.44

·

as against $4,810.39 in the previous year.

70. Gas Lighting.-The total number of lamps in use at the end of the year was 329, an increase of 19 over the previous year. The positions of the various additional lamps will be found in paragraph 123 of this Report.

71. Electric Lighting.-The number of electric lamps in use at the end of the year, all of which are incandescent, was 108, an increase of 15 as compared with the previous year.

Particulars of the positions of the additional lamps will be found in paragraph 123 of this Report.

72. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers.-The following is a statement of the principal items of the expenditure under this heading :-

Tsim Sha Tsui Pier:-

Painting throughout,

$633.53

Laying 3" cement concrete in front of

pier,

164.69

Minor repairs,

172.44

$970.66

Praya Walls General-Minor repairs,

82.39

+

73. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries.---The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 40 of this Report.

74. Maintenance of Recreation Ground.-The use of depart- mental labour, for keeping these grounds in good order, was introduced during the year.

75. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.-The heavy rains already referred to in paragraph 59 of this Report caused severe scouring in the case of the ordinary macadamized roads, necessitating consider- able repairs. There were also numerous small landslips throughout the district.

76. Maintenance of Water Works.—A constant supply of water was maintained throughout the year, the quantity supplied amount- ing to 454.53 million gallons, which gives an average daily consum- ption of 1.24 million gallons or, taking an estimated population of 101,900, say, 12.2 gallons per head per day. Details are given in Annexe H.

:

X

-

P.W.R. Kowloon.

Q 48

The quantity of water stored in the impounding reservoir on the 1st January amounted to 274.40 million gallons and it reached a minimum on the 29th May when it amounted to 116.00 million gallons. The reservoir was at or above its permanent overflow level from the 27th July to 31st October. The quantity of water remain- ing in the reservoir at the end of the year amounted to 330.24 million gallons.

The analyses made by the Government Analyst and the exam- inations made by the Bacteriologist were satisfactory.

The various buildings were kept in a good state of repair throughout the year.

There were 495 meters in use at the close of the year, a decrease of I as compared with 1917.

House services were constructed, altered or repaired in 84 instances and 19 supplies were laid on for building purposes.

77. Special Repairs to Filter Beds.-Leakage having been discovered in the Filter Beds, it was found necessary to thoroughly repair both the inverts and the side walls. One bed was undertaken and was completed during the year, the work having to be carried out in a piecemeal manner so as to avoid interfering with the supply of water to the Peninsula.

The entire invert was covered with a layer of cement concrete, 4" thick, the side walls being lined with the same material, also 4" thick, with the result that the filter-bed is now water-tight. The cost of this work amounted to $3,551.20. One more bed, which will be similarly dealt with, remains to be done.

78. Water Account.-The number of meters examined and

repaired during the year amounted to 250.

The following is a statement of expenditure under the vote :-

New Meters, (difference in value between issues and

receipts),

Repairs to meters,

Miscellaneous,

Meter boxes,...

$797.45

2,027,25

174.20

140.58

Total,

$3,139.48

P.W.R. NEW TERRITORIES.

79. Maintenance of Buildings.—The buildings upon which any

considerable sum was expended were the following:-

Tai O Police Station-Re-constructing up- per floor in ferro-concrete and making good the damage caused to roof, etc., by fire,

...

$4,243.92

}

1

49

P.W.R. New Territories.

Lai Chi Kok Camp:-

Renewing ant-eaten timbers and roof

beams to Huts,

Minor repairs,

Ping Shan Police Station :-

General repairs and painting through-

out,

Minor repairs,

Tsün Wan Police Station :-

General repairs and painting through-

$1,899.44

497.36

$2,396.80

1,803.58

167.47

1.971.05

out,

...

Minor repairs,

806.57

320.37

1,126.84

Tai Po District Office:

General repairs and painting through-

out,

784.47

. ༤ ་

Minor repairs,

202.04

986.51

Lok Ma Chau Police Station :—

General repairs, painting and colour-

washing internally,...

448.45

Minor repairs,

10.09

458.54

Tai Po Water Works-Repairing pipes, ...

Yung Shu Wan Police Station-General repairs and painting throughout,

343.42

300.09

Au Tau Police Station :-

Re-surfacing path with concrete, Minor repairs,

256.98

19.82

276.80

Ta Ku Ling Police Station

General repairs, painting limewhiting

and tarring internally,

76.21

Minor repairs,

166.88

243.09

Tai Po Police Station-Minor repairs,

204.34

Tai Po Island Quarters :-

Re-surfacing paths with decomposed

granite,

115.02

Minor repairs,

88.07

203.09

Sha Tin Police Station:-

Repairs to matshed,

110.30

Minor repairs,

90.65

200.95

80. Improvements to Buildings.-The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following :-

P.W.R. New Territories.

Au Tau Police Station:

50

Laying path with concrete,

Making and fixing wrought iron rail-

ing 4 feet high around well,...

Tai Po Mainland Quarters- Re-surfacing

path with concrete,

81. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges.

$253.00

148.75

$401.75

243.54

Improvements to Roads and Bridges.} Approximate Mileage 58.—The roads generally were maintained in a satisfactory manner. Improvements to that portion of the Taipo Road between the 3rd and 5th milestones were continued.

The following are particulars of the improved surfacing in- troduced on the roads :---

Tarring and Sanding :-

Taipo Road,

...

2" Granolithic Paviny Slabs laid in footways:-

*Peiho Street,

Shamshuipo Market,

*Tai Nan Street,

*Ki Lung Street,

sq. yds.

6,250

sq. yds.

480

400

140

210

505

189

1,924

*Nan Chang Street, *Kweilin Street,

sq. yds.,...

82. Maintenance of Telephones.-The lines and instruments were maintained in good order. All telephones and electric signal- ling apparatus on the British Section of the Kowloon-Canton Railway were also maintained in good condition. The telephone alarms at Au Tau, Ping Shan, Lok Ma Chau and Taipo Police Stations were kept in working order.

83. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,.~The sewers and trained nullahs at Shamshuipo and the concrete channels in Kow- loon City were cleansed and maintained in good order. Sand deposits were removed from the temporary channel in Nan Chang Street, Shamshuipo.

*

The details of expenditure under this heading are as follows:-

Labour for cleansing operations,

Repairs,

Tools for cleansing operations, General incidental expenditure,

Total,

:

:

$376.06

96.22

12.71

$484.99

as against $265.05 in the previous year.

* In these cases, the cost was defrayed, either partly or wholly, by the front-

agers, under the provisions of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance,

Q 51

P.W.R. New Territories.

84. Electric Lighting, Shamshuipo.--The number of lamps in use at the end of the year, all of which are incandescent, was 39, an increase of 10 over the previous year. The particulars of the posi- tions of the additional lamps will be found in paragraph 123 of this Report.

· 85. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries.-The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 40 of this Report.

86. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.-During the heavy rains already referred to in paragraph 59 of this Report, all the roads in the New Territories were badly scoured and a small bridge on the Shun Wan Road was washed away. The inverts to several of the bridges on the roads in the neighbourhood of Sheung Shui were also badly scoured. Numerous heavy landslips occurred on the Taipo Road, completely blocking it to traffic.

87. Maintenance of Water Works, Laichikok.-The total quantity of water supplied during the year amounted to 91.50 mil- lion gallons or about 251,000 gallons per day. Details of consump- tion are given in Annexe J.

There were 15 meters in use at the end of the year.

88. Water Account.-Meters were examined and repaired in 24 instances.

The expenditure under the vote was as follows :-

New meters (difference in value between issues and

receipts),

Repairs to meters,

Meter boxes,...

Miscellaneous,

$91.26

33.95

3.13

Total,

$128.34

PUBLIC WORKS EXTRAORDINARY.

HONGKONG.

89. Central Police Station-Extension.-Work on the building was practically at a standstill for nine months owing to the non- delivery of steel-work. The whole of the steel-work was eventually delivered during the latter part of November and early in December. An immediate start was made on the arrival of the first consignment and, by the end of the year, the erection of the stanchions and girders was well advanced, enabling the brickwork to be raised to a height of 6 feet above the Main Floor level over the greater part of the building.

During the period of suspension, everything possible was done in preparing joinery, stonework and other materials with a view to

}

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 52

expediting the completion of the building when the arrival of the steel-work made the resumption of work possible. 1918 Estimates, ....$150,000.00 | Total Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,...

Expenditure to 42,676.64 31/12/18,

$265,000.00

120,219.77

90. Imports and Exports Office.-The approved plan provides for the erection of a large block of offices fronting Des Voeux Road and of a smaller block fronting Connaught Road, the latter being arranged as an extension of the Harbour Office building, which it adjoins. It was decided to proceed with the Connaught Road block in the first instance and a Contract for its erection was let in July to Messrs. Wing Lee & Co. for the sum of $70,553.51.

Before the work could be proceeded with, it was necessary, in addition to renting the first floor of Nos. 96 and 97 Connaught Road, to carry out certain alterations in one of the temporary buildings hitherto in use and to remove another of these buildings to a new site on the northern side of Connaught Road, in order to accommodate the staff during the erection of the new building. The alterations and removal of the temporary buildings referred to, which were included in Messrs. Wing Lee & Co's. Contract, were completed in September and, by the close of the year, the piling of the foundations of the new building was well advanced. 1918 Estimates, ...... $70,000.00

1918 Expenditure, ... 9,129.71

Total Estimates,. Expenditure to

31/12/18,

$345,000.00

9,229.49

91. Rented Quarters for European Subordinates, Leighton Hill. -It was decided to proceed with the erection of two blocks, each containing four 2-storied houses, for which some preliminary sketch-plans were prepared. As it was not possible, however, to undertake the preparation of the necessary plans, specifications, etc., departmentally, the work was entrusted, towards the close of the year, to Messrs. Denison, Ram and Gibbs, as Architects.

1918 Estimates, 1918 Expenditure,

92. Latrines and Urinals:-

$70,000.00

Nil.

(a.) Trough Closet at junction of Castle and Robinson Roads.- This work was completed in March. It contains two seats and a trough urinal.

The walls and floor are faced with salt-glazed tiles. The troughs, urinal and tiles are of local manufacture. Electric lighting is provided. All liabilities in connection with the work were discharged by the end of the year.

1918 Estimates,

$1,000.00

927.45

Total Estimates, Expenditure to

31/12/18,

$2,200.00

1,386.13

·

:

1918 Expenditure,

(b.) Urinal in Caine Road near Aberdeen Street. This work was finished in February. As stated in last year's Report, the con-

}

1.

53

P.W.E. Hongkong.

venience was located underground, entrance to it being gained by a flight of granite steps leading from Caine Road. The roof, which is of ferro-concrete, forms the surface of Caine Road. The internal arrangements are similar to those provided in other structures of the same class and electric lighting is provided. All liabilities in con- nection with the work were discharged by the end of the year.

1918 Estimates,.

1918 Expenditure,

$1,500.00 Total Estimates,

Expenditure to 720.66 31/12/18,.

$2,500.00

1,308.45

(c.) Latrine at Whitfeild. The site of this convenience is im- mediately to the north of the Dogs' Home and south of I.L. 1061.

A contract for the work was let in March and the building was completed and handed over to the Sanitary Department in October, all liabilities being discharged by the end of the year.

The structure contains 10 seats and is on the bucket-system. Two trough urinals are also provided and there is a store for buckets and a room for a caretaker. The roof is of ferro-concrete, the internal arrangements of the building being of the usual description. Electric lighting is provided.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Sup. Vote,

1918 Expenditure,

$3,100.00 Total Estimates,....

800.00

$3,900.00 Expenditure to

3,822.72

31/12/18,

$3,100.00

3,822.72

(d.) Trough Closet (underground) at the junction of Staunton and Aberdeen Streets.-This convenience is situated in Staunton Street, at the south-east corner of Queen's College.

A contract was let for the work in March, the structure being finished and handed over to the Sanitary Department in November. All liabilities were discharged before the close of the year.

It con- tains 36 seats and two trough urinals. Two small stores are also provided. The divisions between the seats are of ferro-concrete slabs, 14" thick, painted with three coats of white enamel. The backs of the compartments are lined with 6" x 6" white-glazed tiles, the remainder of the walling and floors being lined with salt-glazed tiles. Though entirely below the level of Staunton Street, the structure is above the level of Queen's College playground on which it abuts along the north side. The walls of the structure, except that on the north side, which is of brick, are retaining walls of lime and cement concrete. The roof is of ferro-concrete and forms the footpath in Staunton Street. Entrance is gained by two flights of granite steps, one at each end and ventilation is provided by two wrought-iron pipe shafts. Electric lighting is provided.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

$9,500.00

8,866.36

Total Estimates, Expenditure to

31/12/18,

$9,500.00

8,866.36

(e.) Urinal (underground) at the top of Calder Path.-This con- venience is situated to the west of Calder Path Nullah and on the

A

P.W.E. Hongkong.

54

south side of Macdonnell Road. A contract for the work was let in March, the building being completed and handed over to the Sanitary Department in July. All liabilities in connection with the work were discharged by the end of the year.

The enclosing walls, which act as retaining walls, are of lime and cement concrete and are surmounted by a ferro-concrete roof. Entrance is gained by a flight of granite steps. The internal arrangements are of the usual description and electric lighting is provided.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

..$2,200.00 | Total Estimates,

1,093.13

Expenditure to

31/12/18,

$2,200.00

1,093.13

(f.) Urinal at foot of Breezy Path. This convenience spans the nullah near the foot of Breezy Path. A contract was let for the work in March and the structure was finished and handed over to the Sanitary Department in July. All liabilities in connection with the work were discharged by the end of the year.

The structure is of brick and has a ferro-concrete flat roof. The internal arrangements are of the usual description.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

93. Roads:

$900.00 Total Estimates,

701.78

.$900.00

Expenditure to

31/12/18,

701.78

(a.) Deep Water Bay to Taitam Tuk,-Improvements to adapt for motor traffic section from Deep Water Bay to Repulse Bay- This work was fully described in last year's Report. The expenditure incurred was for payment of the retention money under the Contract, for training a length of 63 feet of nullah at Repulse Bay between the old and new roads to Taitam Tuk (cost $1,208.46) and for completing the top-dressing of the road.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

$6,000.00 Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

31/12/18,

4,092.76

$37,500.00

40,180.71

(b.) Taitam Tuk to Taitam Gap,-New road from north end of Taitam Tuk Dam to Taitam Gap.-This work was completed at the close of the year. The length of the road is 1.06 miles, its width is 20 feet and it has a uniform gradient of 1 in 15. The work included the construction of a 16'0" span bridge, with masonry abutments, set in cement mortar, and decking of reinforced concrete, 6 inches thick, supported on beams of the same material. It also included the construction of 96 feet of 36-inch and 364 feet of 24-inch diame- ter barrel drains, formed of cement concrete, 6 inches thick, two stone culverts 2'0" x 3'0" and the laying of 278 yards of 12" glazed stoneware pipes of Chinese manufacture, surrounded with 6 inches of lime concrete. Retaining walls, aggregating 1,034 feet in length and of varying height, were constructed of rubble masonry set in lime mortar and backed with lime and cement concrete, with displacers. The walls are surmounted by parapet walls, 3 feet high,

it

7

Q 55

P.W.E. Hongkong.

There

built of rubble masonry, set in lime and cement mortar and finished off with a 6-inch semi-circular coping of cement concrete. are also 12 lengths of toe walls built in lime and cement concrete, with displacers. Cement concrete side channels, 18 and 12 inches wide, are provided where necessary. The road, throughout, has been surfaced with macadam, 4" thick, finished with a top-dressing of asphaltum and crushed granite put on in two coats.

1918 Estimates, 1918 Sup. Votes,...

$30,000.00 Total Estimates,

5,400.00

$ 55,300.00

$35,400.00

Expenditure to

31/12/18,

41,431.09

1918 Expenditure,... 35,398.59

(c.) Path from May Road Station to Tregunter Mansions.— A contract for this work was let to the Tung Shing Firm in January and the work was completed in September. As it afforded access to the extensive new buildings known as "Tregunter Mansions", the Humphreys Estate and Finance Co., Ltd., contributed $1,000.00 towards the cost of its construction. The path is 6 feet wide. Com- mencing near May Road Station, it has a rising grade varying from 1 in 7 to 1 in 10 for a distance of 800 feet, the remainder being level, except where it rises with gentle grade past "Tregunter Mansions to join the Peak Road behind "Inverugie". The total length of the path is 0.48 mile. The work included the construction of two bridges, one of 27′ 0′′ span and the other of two spans of 12′ 0′′,- the abutments of the former being of masonry set in cement mortar whilst the latter is partly carried on piers of reinforced cement concrete, 12" × 12", and partly on the side wall of an existing water tank. The decking of both bridges is of reinforced concrete, 6" thick, supported on beams of the same material. The road is surfaced with macadam, 4" thick, finished with a top-dressing of asphaltum and crushed granite put on in two coats.

1918, Estimates,.. 1918, Sup. Votes,

|

$ 2,200.00 Total Estimates,.....$ 3,800.00

4,458.00 Contribution by Hum- phreys Estate and Finance Co., Ltd.,...

1,000.00

$ 6,658.00

$ 4,800.00

6,606.41

Expenditure to

31/12/18,

6,727.61

1918, Expenditure,...

(d.) Aberdeen Road,-Improvements in neighbourhood of Aber- deen Docks and new road past Aberdeen Village. This work was completed in September. It consisted of widening and improving portions of the old road and of constructing a length of new road, the total length dealt with extending from Aberdeen Marine Lot 4 to the western end of Aberdeen Inland Lot 76, measuring in all 2,450 feet. The portion of old road, 500 feet in length, to the west of the Dock Co.'s premises, was widened to 30 feet and was also improved by cutting down, to the extent of 5' 6", a summit which existed in it. The portion of new road past the Village, for which reclamation was necessary, was constructed with a width of 40 feet and level through-

out.

The reclamation for this portion of road involved the construc-

7

P.W.E. Hongkong.

56

tion of a sea-wall, 12 feet in height and 790 feet in length, supported on a rubble mound, varying from 30 to 40 feet in width at the base.

The sea-wall is constructed of cement concrete, with displacers, faced with masonry set in cement mortar, and finished off with a cement concrete coping 2 feet wide by 15 inches deep, surmounted with a cement concrete parapet 20 inches high. The road is sur- faced with macadam, 4 inches thick, finished off with 2 coats of asphaltum, cement concrete side channels being provided where necessary. In connection with this work, 300 feet of the old road, extending from Aberdeen I.L. 15 to Aberdeen I.L..76, was widened to 40 feet and a new boat-slip for the Police was constructed. 1918 Estimates, ......$ 46,000.00 | Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

1918 Expenditure,... 43,284.44 31/12/18,

$ 65,000.00

63,065.90

(e.) Repulse Bay to Taitam Tuk,-1st Section,-New Road.- This length of road,—2·39 miles in length,—forms a portion of the scheme, proposed in 1898, for the construction of a road, suitable for wheeled traffic, to encircle the greater portion of the Island of Hongkong. For the purpose of inviting tenders, it was divided into two sections, but the contracts for both of these were secured by Mr. Un Ng Tsung in March.

The road is being constructed with a width of 20 feet. It com- mences above the north-west corner of Repulse Bay where the old road (recently improved) makes a great loop as it runs on a down- ward grade to the shore. Branching off on the level, at the com- mencement of this loop, the new road is carried over the old one on a 16-foot span bridge. It then contours the hill-side for some dis- tance, nearly level, until it reaches the main stream entering Repulse Bay, which is crossed by a bridge of three 27-foot spans.

From this point, it rises with a grade varying from 1 in 17 to 1 in 18 until Stanley Gap is reached at an elevation of 405 feet above Ordnance Datum. The length of the road from its commence- ment to Stanley Gap is 151 miles. From the Gap, the road drops. with a grade of 1 in 18 until it meets the old Stanley Road at an elevation of 154:53 feet above Ordnance Datum. This point, which is about half a mile north-east of Stanley Village, is 0·88 mile from the Gap.

Up to the close of the year, 2,500 cubic yards of hard rock and 30,000 cubic yards of earth and soft rock had been excavated. 700 feet of retaining walls of various heights had been constructed; and 500 feet of culverts (varying from 6′ 0′′ × 6′ 0′′ to 3′ 6′′ × 5′ 0′′) and 600 feet of barrel drains of various sizes had been formed. The abutments and piers for the two bridges previously mentioned were nearly completed. 1918 Estimates,

... $80,000.00 Total Estimates,......

1918 Expenditure, ... 29,745.08

Expenditure to

31/12/18,

$29,745.08

(f.) Repulse Bay to Taitam Tuk,—2nd Section,—Improving and widening existing road.—A contract for this work was let to Messrs.

Q 57

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Kien On & Co. in March.

It consists of widening and improving that portion of the old road which extends from the end of the first section, already described, to Taitam Tuk, a distance of 1:46 miles. In several places where bends in the old road were incapable of being sufficiently improved to render the road suitable for motor traffic, an entirely new alignment has been adopted. After running level for a distance of 1,000 feet, the road descends, with a grade of 1 in 20, to where it crosses a large stream on a skew bridge (21′ 6′′ span). The level at this point, which is the lowest in the road, is 80 feet above Ordnance Datum. From here, the road rises with grades of 1 in 17 and 1 in 20 until a maximum altitude of 180.85 feet above Ordnance Datum is reached, when it again drops with a grade of 1 in 18 to its junction with the road crossing the Taitam Tuk Dam at 132 feet above Ordnance Datum.

By the close of the year, 5,000 cubic yards of rock and 21,500 cubic yards of earth aud decomposed granite had been excavated and the skew bridge already mentioned was completed. The abut- ments of the bridge are of masonry in cement mortar, and the deck- ing is of reinforced concrete, 6 inches thick, supported on beams of the same material. Retaining walls aggregating 900 feet in length and of varying heights and barrel drains aggregating 450 feet in length, of diameters varying from 18 to 36 inches, were also completed.

1918 Estimates,

$66,000.00

1918 Expenditure, ... 24,197.57

Total Estimates, Expenditure to

31/12/18,

$24,197.57

(g.) Taitam Gap to Shaukiwan,-Improving existing road.- A portion of this road, measuring 580 feet in length, was regraded and improved under the Contract for item (b), described above. A contract for the completion of the remaining portion, measuring 191 miles in length, was let to Messrs. Kien On & Co. in November. By the close of the year, good progress had been made with the length of road extending from Shaukiwan Village to Sywan Gap. 1918 Estimates,... $49,500.00 Total Estimates,

|

Expenditure to 1918 Expenditure,... 6,166.96 31/12/18,

$49,500.00

6,166.96

(h.) Taitam Gap,--Forming_junction between old and new roads.--The work executed under this item consisted of making a cutting 23 feet in depth through the Gap and forming a connec- tion between the portions of road described under items (b) & (g). The grade of the road at the Gap and for some distance towards Shaukiwan is 1 in 15, being the same as that of the new road referred to under item (b.)

1918 Estimates,

$2,000.00

Total Estimates,

$2,000.00

Expenditure to 31//12/18,

2,000.00

1918 Expenditure, ... 2,000.00

(i.) Aberdeen to Little Hongkong,-Improving and widening existing road.—This work was undertaken to link up the new road to Deep Water Bay, constructed during 1914-1915, with the main

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 58

road along the front of Aberdeen Village. A considerable portion of it consists of entirely new road. The road is 20 feet wide and 0.88 mile in length and, except a short length with a grade of 1 in 30, is practically level throughout. A portion of it, 600 feet in length, crosses a tidal flat on an embankment, 9 feet high, faced on the outer side with rubble masonry set in lime and cement mortar, whilst another portion, 200 feet in length, has been ex- cavated through a solid mass of rock.

By the close of the year, 2,700 cubic yards of rock and 12,000 cubic yards of earth and decomposed granite had been excavated, whilst the embankment already mentioned had been completed. 1918 Estimates, .$15,000.00 | Total Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,...

Expenditure to 7,794.75 31/12/18,

$7,794.75

(j.) Lugard Road Extension.-Beyond making a survey and calling for tenders, it was not found possible to proceed with this work.

1918 Estimates, ...... $10,000.00 Total Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,......

82.00

$55,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/18,

82.00

(k.) General Works.-The following is a statement of the principal works carried out under this heading:-

(i.) Kennedy Road-Widening and improving alignment of road between I.L's 1744 and 2074,.

(ii) Ship Street-Constructing footpath, with flights of steps, to give access from Queen's Road East to Kennedy Road,

(iii.) Heard Street and Wanchai Road-Forming to new levels, kerbing, channelling and laying tar macadam to carriageway on east side of M.L. 111 and ordinary macadam on south side and paving with granolithic slabs to footways on north, east and south sides of lot, (iv.) Sharp Street East-Forming to new levels,

kerbing, channelling and laying cement con- crete surfacing to carriageway and granolithic slabs to footways on north and west sides of I.L's 729 and 730,

$6,425.19

5,201.46

2,851.24

2,994.79

(v.) Catchick, Cadogan and Belcher's Streets- Regulating kerbing, laying new channelling to carriageway and paving footways with granolithic slabs on all sides of I.L. 1298,

2,593.55

(vi.) Sands Street-Forming to new levels, provid- ing granite steps and surfacing with cement concrete on east side of I.L. 2091 and fixing railings to west side of nullah,..

2,375.57

59

P.W.E. Hongkong.

(vii.) Matheson Street-Forming to new levels, kerbing, channelling and surfacing carriage- way with tar macadam and laying granolithic slabs to footway on west side of I.L. 734,

(viii.) Belcher's Street, Holland Street and Praya West-Regulating kerbing, laying new chan- nelling and granolithic paving slabs to foot- way on north, west and south sides of M.L. 268,

(ix.) Centre, High and Third Streets-Regulating kerbing, laying new channelling and paving footways with granolithic slabs on north, east and west sides of I.L's 628 and 687,

(x.) Yiu Wah Street-Forming to new levels, kerbing, channelling, and laying 4" cement concrete to carriageway and paving footways with granolithic slabs to I.L. 729 (half cost only, the balance being paid by the owners.), (xi.) Ice House Street--Regulating kerbing, lay- ing new channelling and paving footway with granolithic slabs to south side of I.L. 617, ... (xii.) Kennedy Road-Kerbing, channelling and extending tar macadam surfacing to carriage- way on south side of I.L's 1923, 1945 and 2072,

(xiii.) Causeway Bay, adjoining French Convent,-

Kerbing, channelling, macadamizing car- riageway and laying granolithic paving slabs to east side of I.L. 1418,

$1,880.16

1,862.93

1,830.02

1,816.02

1,763.70

1,565.33

1,421.78

(xiv.) Sutherland Street-Extending granite sett

paving on west side of I.L. 71,

1,169.32

(xv.) Sharp Street East-Kerbing, channelling, laying granolithic slab paving to footway and surfacing carriageway with 4" cement concrete on north side of I.L. 734,

(xvi.) Bridges Street-Regulating kerbing, channel- ling and laying granolithic paving slabs to footway on south side of I.L. 2048 and sur- facing, with 4" cement concrete, the scaveng- ing lane on north side of lot,...

(xvii.) Catchick Street-Regulating kerbing, laying granolithic slabs to footway and surfacing carriageway with asphaltum sand carpeting on south side of M.L. 242,..

(xviii.) Pokfulam Road-Widening No. 1 Bridge in reinforced concrete, laying new channelling and resetting parapet walling in front of Anatomical Laboratory,..

872.75

839.88

742.09

732,84

P.W.E. Hongkong.

60

(xix.) Star Street-Regulating kerbing, laying new channelling, making good carriageway with 4" cement concrete and laying granolithic paving slabs to footways on south side of I.L. 47,.

(xx.) Sing Woo Road-Kerbing, channelling and paving footway with granolithic slabs on north side of I.L. 2165,

(xxi.) Bonham Road- Regulating kerbing, laying new channelling and paving footway with granolithic slabs on south and west sides of I.L's 690 and 691,

(xxii.) Pokfulam Road-Regulating kerbing, laying new channelling and 4" cement concrete sur- facing on north side of I.L. 757,

(xxiii.) Shaukiwan Road-Kerbing, channelling and macadamizing carriageway on east side of I.L. 1780,

(xxiv.) Lower Albert Road-Regulating kerbing, laying new channelling and making good footway with asphaltum sand carpeting on east side of I.L. 1280,.

(xxv.) First and Second Streets-Regulating kerb- ing, laying new channelling and granolithic paving slabs to footway on north and south sides of I.L's 609 and 627,.

(xxvi.) Forming path and steps adjoining G.L. 20, Conduit Road, to give access to I.L. 2205 (completed),

Deduct contribution by lessee of

I.L. 2205,...

$1,099.14

1,325.00

$445.72

329.16

289.00

280.31

161.91

112.68

110.13

Item (i). This work was carried out in connection with the pro- posal to render Kennedy Road fit for motor traffic.

Item (ii). This work was carried out to afford an additional means of communication for pedestrians from Queen's Road East to Kennedy Road.

Items (iii)-(xvi) and (xix)-(xxv). These works were rendered necessary by the erection of new buildings in the localities or on the lots mentioned.

Item (xvii). The Tramway Co. having altered their track at this point, it was found desirable to alter the alignment of the kerb, the paving of the footway and surfacing of the carriageway with asphaltum sand carpeting being carried out at the same time.

Item (xviii). The alignment of Pokfulam Road at this point was improved to suit the new boundary wall erected by the Univer- sity Authorities.

Item (xxvi). This work was fully described in last year's Report (vide page 56, item (v).).

61

P.W.E. Hongkong.

94. Telephone Cable from General Post Office to No. 2 Police Station.—It was not found possible to obtain the cable required for carrying out this work owing to the War. Certain accessories were, however, received and paid for.

1918 Estimates,

$5,000.00

Total Estimates, Expenditure to

$10,500.00

1918 Expenditure,

569.06

|

31/12/18,

569.06

95. Training Nullahs :-

(a). Tsat Tsz Mui.-This work was undertaken on account of complaints of the prevalence of mosquitoes and malaria at the Tsat Tsz Mui Police Station. It comprised the training of the main stream-course and two branch stream-courses passing through Tsat Tsz Mui Village. The channels, which vary in size from 3'6"× 3′ 6" to 1'0"x10", are formed of cement concrete with semi-circular invert and vertical sides.

The total lengths trained were as follows :-

3'6" x 3'6" (arched over)... 3'6" X 3'6".

3'3" x 3'3"...

3'0" x 3'0".

2′3′′ × 2′3′′.

2'0" x 2'0"...

Various other sizes,

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure, ...

Total,

50 feet

205

""

172

"

257

""

211

""

171

39

52

""

...1,118

""

$5,000.00 Total Estimates,

$5,000.00

3,878.71 |

Expenditure to

31/12/18,

3,878,71

(b.) General Works.-The following is a statement of the works carried out under this heading :-

Length Expendi-

trained Lin. Ft.

ture.

$

983.25

76

932.03

110

690.67

216

307.89

(i.) Training stream-course south of Barker Road

and west of Victoria Hospital (completed),.. 361 (ii) Improving nullah south of May Road and west of Tregunter Mansions (completed),... (iii.) Improving nullah in Stone Nullah Lane south of Kennedy Road (completed), (iv.) Training stream-course west of R. B. L's 93 and 102, Barker Road, (completed), (v.) Constructing east wall and invert to No. 7 Nullah, Sai Wan Ho, opposite S. I. L's 420-422 (completed),

(vi.) Improving nullah south of May Road above forestry path and south-east of I. L. 2139 (completed),

168 2,315.27

199 1,008.34

?

P.W.E. Hongkong.

62

trained

Length Expendi-

ture

Lin. Ft.

$

247

534.78

(vii.) Training stream-course south-east of I. L.

1887, May Road, (completed),

...

(viii.) Raising south wall and invert of branch nullah south of Corney's Glass Factory, Tai Hang, (incomplete), (ix.) Extension of 12" x 12" channel north of R. B. L. 2, Plantation Road, (completed), (x.) Training stream-course west of I. L. 1905 and south of path to Tregunter Mansions (completed),...

(xi.) Diversion of Wongneichong nullah to accommodate new Race Stands (incom- plete),

181

403.08

A

90

71.44

535 1,124.55

225

Cost of Work,

$8,966.90

Less contribution by Jockey Club,

2,500.00

6,466.90

(xii.) Various small items.

Cost of Work,

471.22

Less contributions by various

lessees, etc.,...

299.03

172.19

1918 Estimates,

$8,000.00

1918 Supplementary Vote,...

8,500.00

$16,500.00

1918 Expenditure,

15,010.39*

96. Miscellaneous Drainage Works:-

(a.) Main sewer to intercept drainage from houses on east side of Mount Kellett.-This work was begun in February but, owing to difficulties which arose with the lessee of R. B. L. 28, regarding the laying of the sewer across his lot, work was suspended until negotia- tions had been completed. It was not until November that work could be resumed and at the end of the year a long length of trench had been opened up for laying the sewer.

1918 Estimates, 1918 Expenditure,

$ 12,300.00 818.18

(b.) General Works.-The following is a statement of the prin- cipal items carried out under this heading, the amounts stated

* A sum of $60.00, contributed by the Lessee of I. L. 2237 towards the cost of additional nullah training, was credited to this vote, but no expenditure on the work was incurred during 1918. The expenditure in Annexe "B" therefore appears as $14,950.39.

L

63

P.W.E. Hongkong.

representing in some cases only a portion of the cost owing to the work extending into more than one year:

(i.) Construction of 6" and 4" sewer from Shauki-

wan Road to I. L's 1917, 2027 and Tsat Tsz Mui Police Station (completed),

Cost of Work,

Less contributions by Lessees,

$1,872.76 330.00

$1,542.76

(ii.) Extension of 6" sewer and 9′′ and 6′′ storm- water drains in High Street and Lane east of I. L. 689, Bonham Road, (completed), Cost of work,

Less contribution by Lessee,...

$978.04

916.40

(iii.) Extension of 6" sewer in Lane east of I.L. 309,

Blacksmith's Lane, (completed),

Cost of work,

Less contribution by Lessee,...

Cr.....

$206.72

216.55

$ 9.83

(iv.) Extension of 9′′ sewer in Shing On Street to

I.L. 2165, Wongneichong, (completed),

(v.) Extension of 9" sewer in Main Street, Aberdeen,

(completed),...

(vi.) Extension of 6" sewer in Bowen Road from near I.L. 1570 to opposite I.L.'s 2237 and 2238 (completed),

61.64

397.83

R

3,950.52

Cost of work,

Less contributions by Lessees,

$1,921.34

1,451.65

469.69

2

(vii.) Extension of 6" sewer to I.L. 2071, Mount

Parish, (completed),

Cost of work,

Less contribution by Lessee,...

$473.74 100.00

373.74

(viii.) Extension of 9" storm-water drain in Queen's Road Central between Wing Kut Street and Wing Wo Street, (completed),

246.05

(ix.) Extension of 6" sewer to S.I.L's 440-441, Sai

Wan Ho, (completed),......

125.53

(x.) Extension of 6" and 9" sewer and 9" storm-water drain in Sands Street and new road north of J.L. 2091 (completed),

(xi.) Extension of 9" sewer in Wongneichong Road from Sing Woo Road to I.L. 2065 (completed), (xii.) Extension of 6" sewer to I.L. 2205, Conduit

Road, (2nd extension), (completed), ..

(xiii.) Extension of storm-water drain along new main road to north-west angle of Dock Company's premises, Aberdeen, (completed),

1,725.90

1,563.66

133.02

2,719.08

P.W.E. Hongkong.

64

(xiv.) Extension of 6" sewer on east and north

sides of I.L. 2235, Whitfeild, (completed),... $ 427.62 (xv.) Extension of 6" sewer from Shaukiwan Road

to new latrine near I.L. 1059, Whitfeild, (completed),

709.06

(xvi.) Extension of 6" sewer in Bowrington Canal

Road East to I.L. 729 (completed),

167.10

(xvii). Construction of part of the west side wall and invert of nullah between A.I.L's 81-88 and main road, Aberdeen, incomplete,

Cost of work,

$2,996.59

Less contribution by Lessees of

A.I.L's 81-88,

2,500.00

496.59

(xviii). Construction of three foot-bridges across nullah west of I.L. 1549 (completed),

Cost of work,

Less contribution by Lessee

$434.59

122.40

312.19

(xix). Drain connections (86) and other minor items

(completed),

Cost of work,.

$4,354.49

Less contributions by various Les-

sees, &c.,...........

1,120.56

3,233.93

1

1918 Estimates,

$20,000.00

1918 Sup. Vote,...

1,000.00

$21,000.00

1918 Expenditure,

18,646.08

Item (i). As the sullage water from the lots mentioned flowed on to the land adjoining and caused a nuisance, a sewer was laid to prevent this.

Items (ii)-(iv), (vi), (vii), (ix)-(xii), (xiv) and (xvi). These extensions were required to take sullage water and in some cases stormwater from new houses built on the lots mentioned.

Item (v). In connection with the construction of a new road and improvement of the old road passing the village of Aberdeen, it was found necessary to construct a sewer to intercept the sullage water discharging from the houses.

Item (viii). This extension was necessary in connection with the provision of additional gullies to take the surface drainage from this portion of Queen's Road.

Item (xiii). In connection with the construction of a new road and improvement of the old road passing Aberdeen Docks, it was found necessary to construct a new stormwater drain, 30 inches in diameter.

Item (xv). An extension of the sewer was required to intercept the drainage from a new latrine.

Q 65

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Item (xvii). In accordance with the Conditions of Sale relating to Aberdeen I.L's 81-88, the remaining 200 feet of side wall required for the completion of the nullah between these lots and the main road was partly built and the nullah invert was concreted.

Item (xviii). Three foot-bridges were constructed across the nullah alluded to in item (xvii) at the cost of the lessee of the lots mentioned.

Item (xix). This calls for no comment.

97. Extensions of Lighting. The following lamps were erected:

Conduit Road,... Landale Street,

Gas Lamps.

Spring Gardens Lane,

Garden Road,

West End Path,

Po Wah Street,

Battery Path,

Sands Street,

Matheson Street,

Hatton Road,

Sharp Street East,

Kennedy Road,

Ship Street Extension,

Path East of Wanchai Post Office,...

Road East of French Convent

Wing Sing Street,

Tin Po Street,

On Hing Terrace,

Findlay Path,

Mount Parish, Lee Kee Wharf,

Lamps refixed :-

U Lok Lane,

Lau U Lane,

224

1

1

1

1

1

Ι

3

2

1

3

3

1

1

1

1

2

2

1

32

1

1

2

....

....

Electric Lamps (incandescent).

Wongneichong Road, (100 C.P.)

Total increase in number of

lamps, gas and electric,

5

39

1918 Estimates,

1918 Supplementary Votes,

$1,000.00 600.00

$1,600.00

1918 Expenditure,

1,535.00

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 66

98. Wongneichong Village Improvements.-The only work ex- ecuted under this heading was the raising, to the extent of about 3 feet, of the roadway east of the Village in order to divert storm- water to the nullah and minimize the flooding of the village during rainstorms.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

$10,000.00 348.71

99. Shaukiwan Village Improvements. It was not found possi- ble to proceed with this work during the year.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

$10,000.00 Nil.

100. Belilios Public School,-Altering_windows_to_ improve ventilation.—The windows between the ground floor class rooms and corridor-new Block-were extended down to floor level, thus in- creasing the size of the openings and improving the ventilation. 1918 Estimates, ...... $1,200.00 Total Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,...

545.32

Expenditure to

31/12/18,

$1,200.00

545.32

101. Government House Grounds,-Installing Electric Light- ing. To provide for the illumination of the grounds by electric lamps, underground cables were laid, connecting the main distri- buting board to 5 branch distributing boxes. The number of lamps installed was 585.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure, ... 1,579.79 31/12/18,

$1,600.00 | Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

$1,600.00

1,579.79

102. Victoria Gaol,-Installing Trough Closets. Ranges of trough closets and urinals were erected in the upper and lower yards for the use of prisoners. Water-flushed apparatus was also installed in the yards for the use of the European and Indian Officers on duty. The trough closets and urinals are flushed automatically, water being obtained for this purpose from Glenealy Nullah. A water closet was also installed in the Prison Hospital for the use of the patients.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

$3,500.00 | Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

3,306.74 31/12/18,

....$3,500.00

3,842.13

103. Victoria Gaol,-Installing Electric Bells.--Electric bells, totalling 610 points, were installed throughout the buildings, and alarms from the Main Hall to the Assistant Superintendent's and Warders' Quarters were also installed.

1918 Estimates,

.$5,000.00 | Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

$5,000.00

1918 Expenditure,

4,946.89 31/12/18,

4,946.89

Q 67

P.W.E. Hongkong.

104. Refuse Depôts,-Jetties at Central and Western District Depôts. Two reinforced concrete piers for use in connection with the loading of the City refuse into Lighters were erected off the Praya,- -one between Jubilee and Queen Victoria Streets and the other about 120 feet east of Eastern Street. The piers are 25′ 0′′ and 35' 6" long respectively by 12' 0" wide.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Sup. Vote,

$13,000.00 Total Estimates, ...... $13,000.00

1,300.00

$14,300.00

Expenditure to

1918 Expenditure,... 14,244.97 31/12/18,

14,244.97

105. Refuse Depôts,--New depôt at Kennedy Town, including jetty.-A new depôt for the disposal of refuse was formed at Kennedy Town, opposite Davis Street, a reinforced concrete pier, 35 feet long and 12 feet wide, being erected in conjunction with it. 1918 Estimates, ... $8,500.00

1918 Expenditure,...

Total Estimates, Expenditure to

6,775.49

31/12/18,

$8,500.00

6,775.49

106. General Post Office,-Telephone switchboard (200 lines).- Owing to the war, it was not possible to procure the necessary apparatus.

1918 Estimates, ...... $3,500.00 | Total Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,...

Nil.

Expenditure to

31/12/18,

$3,500.00

Nil.

107. Chinese Cemeteries,-Laying out new areas.-A statement of the work carried out under this heading will be found in paragraph 40 of this Report.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

$2,500.00 1,660.82

108. Kailungwan Cemetery,-Exhumations.-The exhumations contemplated, which were to be carried out by the Sanitary Depart- ment, were not proceeded with.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

$6,000.00 Nil.

109. Survey of Colony.--An account of the survey work executed will be found in paragraph 19 of this Report.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

$3,000.00 1,460.40

110. Boundary Stones.--A statement of the boundary stones

fixed will be found in paragraph 18 of this Report.

1918 Estimates, 1918 Supplementary Vote,...

1918 Expenditure,

$1,000.00 250.00

$1,250.00

1,218.18

:

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 68

111. Miscellaneous Works.-The following are the principal items of expenditure under this heading :--

Caine

Road-Setting back parapet wall enclosing Glenealy in order to widen Caine Road, including kerb- ing, channelling, reforming carriage- surfacing with tar

way

and

macadam,

New Government Offices:

Ventilating Scheme to Sorting Hall of

Post Office,

Supplying and fixing additional lights

and fans at the Treasury Office,

$3,681.87

$2,200.74

541.01

Repairing motor-generator, installing

and repairing electric lights and fans and telephones,

278.81

Sundry minor items,

183.78

3,204.34

Bathing Beaches at North Point and Kennedy Town-Erecting matsheds and piers and providing watchmen, etc.,

2,408.88

P.W.D. Depôt—Workshop at Wanchai:

Erecting moulding shop, providing

blower, lathes, tools, etc., Extending electrical workshop and covering roofs with 2-ply ruberoid,.

887.62

605.27

Erecting hardwood structure for stor-

ing surveying and camping outfits,

467.40

1,960.29

Government Offices:-

Re-wiring sub-mains to provide for a separate meter for the Colonial Se-

cretary's Office,

360.48

Installing telephone, improving fans,

etc.,

376.00

Installing additional lights and fans

in Water Works Office,

187.48

Constructing fire-proof window to

Buildings Ordinance Office,

185.75

1,109.71

No. 7 Police Station

Renewing floor in reinforced concrete, Removing and replacing electric wires,

New Road contouring hillsides in Wongneichong and Tai Hang Valleys -cutting trace 4,934 lineal yards in length including temporary bam- boo bridges where required,

594.16

129.70

723.86

694.73

A

69

Cape D'Aguilar Wireless Station :-

Providing and fixing wire gauze doors

and screens,

Forming concrete anchor blocks and carrying out improvements to Water Supply,.

Imports and Exports Office :-

Installing four office telephones

tendent's Office,

communicating with the Superin-

Erecting bamboo and matting sun-

P.W.E. Hongkong.

$491.36

123.71

$615.07

290.04

115.94

105.98

shades,

Sai Ying Pun School :-

--

Constructing a new room for lady

teachers at 1st floor level,

366.54

Installing electric lights,

29.30

395.84

Broadwood Road Chair Coolie Shelter-- Constructing shelter with roof finish-

ed in Chinese style,..........

383.60

Soo Kun Poo Revolver Range-Con-

structing targets for use by the Hongkong Police Reserve,

369.17

Wanchai School-Erecting new room

for lady teachers,....

322.68

Shan Pin Terrace, Shaukiwan,-Rein-

stating damage caused by slip,..

270.19

Government Buildings General---Pro-

viding and fixing additional desk

fans,

190.78

Government (Civil Hospital-Installing

additional electric lights, erecting

partitions and cupboards, etc.,

177.53

112. Public IIealth and Buildings Ordinance, 1903,--Compen- sation and Resumptions.-This vote provides for the resumption of areas to form scavenging lanes, for the payment of compensation in connection with the removal of houses over the ends of private streets or lanes, and other matters. In some cases, where houses are of moderate depth, a modification of the open space requirements has been granted, the owners agreeing to provide a lane without compensation in consideration of being permitted to count it as part of their open space.

1918 Estimates, 1918 Expenditure,

.$100,000.00

58,956.91*

*The sum of $250.7! was paid for the demolition of the riding floors known as No. 127 Queen's Road Central, the resumption of which was referred to in the Report for 1917.

Sums amounting to 31,841.00 were paid for retaining the services of firms of Architects and Surveyors and for valuations made by those firms in connection with various resumptions.

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q70

The following is a statement of the various resumptions effected during the year and of the scavenging lane areas provided by owners without compensation :--

(1.) Properties resumed.

Compensation

paid.

$

I.L. 1375, Caine Road, resumed for road improve-

ment purposes,

24,000.00*

No. 148 Des Voeux Road West-Resumption of riding

floors over entrance to Tsz Mi Alley, M.L. 239, Sec. K, --Resumption of strip for widen-

ing Belchers Street to 50 feet,

9,000.00+

21,317.50

I.L. 59, Caine Road,--Resumption of strip for im-

proving bend near No. 8 Caine Road,

1,624.00

80.00

A.V.L. 21-Land, buildings and crops resumed at Aberdeen in connection with the development of the district,

(2.) Scavenging Lanes resumed on payment of Compensation.

In rear of No. 86

First Street and

Area in Compensation

sq. ft.

No. 95 Second Street, I.L. 709, 78.00

paid.

$

385.32

(3.) Scavenging Lanes provided by owners but not surrendered to Government.

Area in

sq. ft.

In rear of Nos. 54a and 56a Main Street, Shaukiwan

East, S.L. 62, Section A,

85.88

Do.,

Nos. 17-31 Bonham Road, I.L's 690 and

691.

1,260.00

Do.,

Do.,

Do.,

Do.,

Do.,

Do.,

Do.,

No. 11 Ta Tit Hong, I.L. 309, R.P., Nos. 6-18 Matheson Street, I.L. 734, No. 10 Man Chung Terrace, I.L. 2164, Nos. 25-27 Sharp Street East, I.L. 734,... Nos. 18-27 Hing Hon Road, I.L. 757, Nos. 2-8 Sing Woo Road, L.L. 2165, Nos. 29-33 Gage Street, I.L. 97,

59.50

717.00

126.00

396.00

1,371.50

499.50

192.50

Do.,

Nos. 53-73 High Street, Nos. 56-72 Third Street, and Nos. 1-12 U Lok Lane, I.L's

682 and 683,

2,835.00

Do.,

Do.,

Do.,

Nos. 19-23 Star Street, I.L. 47, Section C... Nos. 1-8 Tien Poa Street, I.L. 47, Section C, Nos. 5-11 Stanley Street, I.L. 6, Section A,

300.00

780.00

372.00

*The vote was credited with the sum of $155.00 which was received for the old materials arising from the demolition of the building, known as No. 76 Caine Road. An additional sum of $613.38 was paid out of the vote for the demolition of the riding floors.

Do.,

Do.,

Do.,

Do.,

Do.,

Do.,

No. la Man Chung Terrace, I.L. 2065 Nos. 15 and 16 Fung Wong Terrace, I.L. 2072,

P.W.E. Hongkong.

In rear of No. 40 Graham Street, I.L. 197, Section B,

Nos. 3-41 Sands Street, I.L. 2091, Nos. 18-28 Wyndham Street, I.L. 617, Nos. 19-39 and 20-44 Yiu Wah Street and Nos. 25-43 Sharp Street, I.L. 729, R.P.,... Nos. 1-9 On Hing Terrace and Nos. 24-38 Ice House Street, I.L. 617,

Area in

sq. ft.

62.50 2,076.00 528.00

1,123.50

819.00

66.00

462.00

Do.,

Nos. 11-15 Bonham Road, I.L. 689,

630.00

Do.,

No. 50 Main Street, Aberdeen, A.I.L. 65,

Section A,

70.00

(4) Scavenging Lanes to be provided by owners when an opport- unity occurs of gaining access to them from the adjoining streets.

In rear of No. 41 Queen's Road West, IL. 1196,

Do.,

Do..

Do..

No. 44 Bonham Strand West, I.L. 1195,. No. 21 Bonham Strand, M.L. 4, Section D, No. 77 Wing Lok Street, M.L. 167 R.P.,...

Area in

sq. ft.

43.25

44.00

67.50

48.12

113. Additional Service Reservoir, &c., West Point.-Progress with these works was somewhat slow, chiefly owing to the very wet weather experienced during a great part of the year. The beams and arched concrete roofing of the northern half of the Service Reservoir were completed early in the year and this portion of the Reservoir was brought into use for water supply purposes. The arched concrete roofing of the southern half was almost completed by the end of the year, and part of the earth covering was deposited on it.

In the Filter Beds, the laying of the perforated tiles for the floors, commenced last year, was completed and the filtering material, consisting of a 4" layer of pea gravel and a 2'6" layer of sand, was also deposited in position. The Filter Beds were in use for the greater part of the year. The pre-filters and conduit were completed.

The main spoil-bank was completed and turfed and stood the heavy rains satisfactorily.

Quarters for watchmen, etc., were commenced before the end of the year.

For conveying unfiltered water from the Bowen Road conduit at Albany Filter Beds to the new filter beds referred to above, a 12′′ main which was laid in Caine and Bonham Roads in 1909-10 under "Miscellaneous Water Works" and which has hitherto been in use as part of the distribution system of the City was utilized. It was,

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 72

however, necessary to extend it eastwards from the junction of Caine and Arbuthnot Roads to the gauge basin at Albany Filter Beds, and westwards from opposite St. John's Hall in Bonham Road to the new Filter Beds above Pokfulam Road and these exten- sions were carried out. Necessary connections with the Pumping Station on Pokfulam Road were also laid and, in order to admit of unfiltered water from Pokfulam Reservoir being used, when avai- lable, a connection with the Pokfulam Conduit was also provided.

The work included the construction of two gauge basins, one at the new Filter Beds and one at the Albany Filter Beds,-for measur- ing the water, a break-pressure tank on the supply from Pokfulam Conduit and a large concrete chase or channel for carrying the main down the very steep bank in the Public Gardens from Robinson Road to Gallery Path.

1918 Estimates,

.$102,000.00 | Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

1918 Expenditure,... 95,889.71 31/12/18,

...$345,000.00

349,265.03

114. Taitam Tuk Scheme,-Second Section.--As mentioned in last year's Report, this work was, with the exception of a few details, completed in 1917. The details referred to, which included the provision of a grille on the outlet block at the outer end of the cul- verts and of a water service to the bungalow on the hill and to the permanent quarters for the Police Guard, were completed.

A memorial stone to mark the completion of the work was laid by His Excellency Sir Henry May on the 2nd February, 1918.

As the result of heavy rainstorms in June and August, the new reservoir filled up and commenced to overflow on the 15th August. On the 21st September, after rainstorms extending over three days and amounting to 11.98 inches, the overflow amounted to 101⁄2 inches, that being the maximum overflow recorded during the year. reservoir continued to overflow until the 28th November.

The

Messrs. James Simpson & Company's representative (Mr. Game) arrived in the Colony on the 4th September for the purpose of renewing the defective parts of the engines referred to in last year's Report. He succeeded in putting one of the engines in working order by the 17th December, when pumping with it was begun. but the second engine was still incomplete at the close of the year. The official trials of both engines also remained to be carried out.

The expenditure included the sum of $25,000.00 which had been retained under the Contract for the Dam and Contingent Works. At the close of the year, there was still a small balance outstanding on the Contract for the pumping machinery.

|

1918 Estimates, .$50,000.00 Total Estimates, ...$2,455,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/18,

2,371,429.42

1918 Expenditure, ... 36,142.33

Q 73

P.W.E. Hongkong.

115. Miscellaneous Water Works.-The following is a statement

of the works undertaken under this heading:-

(i.) Fire Hydrants, Kennedy Road,...

(ii.) Recorder, Gauge Basin, Taitam,

$272.48

5.26

(iii.) Sluice Board House, Taitam,

33.76

(iv.) Tiles and Bricks, Bowen Road Filter Beds, (v.) Feed Water Heater, Pokfulam Road Pumping

2,819.72

Station,

709.80

(vi.) Substituting a 6 main for the old 4" and 3"

mains, Shaukiwan, (incomplete),

1,027.32

(vii.) Preparing pipes for a new intake in Saiwan Valley for Shaukiwan Water Works(incomplete),

(viii.) General,

123.44 39.17

Total...

$5,030.95

Item (i). This work has been awaiting the completion of certain diversions near the west end of Kennedy Road. Part of the work has been undertaken each year as occasion has arisen.

Items (ii) and (iii). These are small outstanding balances on the works which were described in last year's Report (page 78).

Item (iv). This provides for applying to the Bowen Road Filter Beds the improvements which have been effected in the filtering arrangements elsewhere.

Item (v). A feed-water heater is now fixed to the new engine at the Pokfulam Road Pumping Station in order to render the engine more economical.

Item (vi). In order to provide for the extinction of fires, it is necessary to lay a larger main. Pending certain proposals with regard to roads, the work could not be proceeded with but most of the pipes required were issued.

Item (vii). This Expenditure was incurred in cleaning, straightening and re-threading the pipes which were originally laid in the Taipo Road in connection with the construction of the Kow- loon-Canton Railway. It is intended to re-lay them in order to convey the water from certain streams in the Saiwan Valley to the Filter Beds in connection with the Shaukiwan Village Supply.

1918 Estimates, 1918 Expenditure,

$8,000.00 5,030.95

KOWLOON

116. Quarters for Subordinate Officers, (2nd Block).—A con- tract for the erection of these quarters, amounting to $104,010.26, was let to Messrs. Kien On & Co. on the 21st April, and an im- mediate start with the work was made,

P.W.E. Kowloon.

Q 74

Some delay was caused by the difficulty of obtaining suitable stones for facing the basement and retaining walls, but, at the end of the year, the main retaining wall was completed together with the retaining walls for the approach path. The foundations and walls of the houses were also completed up to the ground floor level.

1918 Estimates, ...$68,000.00 | Total Estimates,...

Expenditure to

1918 Expenditure,

26,936.16 31/12/18, .$26,958.21

117. Market at Shamshuipo.—The market was completed and handed over to the Sanitary Department in June. It comprises two separate market structures, each 115′ 0′′ × 50′ 0′′ open all round, a room for a caretaker, 12′ 0′′ × 12′ 0′′, with cookhouse and store attached and a kitchen 20′ 0′′ x 7' 9" for the use of stall- holders. A well with storage tank and pump is also provided.

The two market structures consist merely of a flat ferro-con- crete roof supported on brick pillars built and rendered in cement mortar. The floors are of lime and cement concrete, 4" thick, surfaced with fine cement concrete, 2" thick. The other buildings are of red Canton brick built in lime mortar and pointed in cement mortar with flat roofs of ferro-concrete. Twenty incandescent electric lamps were installed for lighting the market buildings.

the end of the year, all liabilities in connection with the work had been discharged.

By

|

1918 Estimates, ...$10,000.00 Total Estimates, ..$24,000.00

Expenditure to

1918 Expenditure,

9,981.29 31/12/18,

*****

26,805.19

118. Hau Pui Loong Cemetery,-Quarters for Sextons.-This contract was completed towards the end of 1917 and the works were fully described in the Report for that year. The expenditure in 1918 was in respect of the retention money only.

1918 Estimates,.....$300.00 | Total Estimates ...$2,100.00

Expenditure to

1918 Expenditure, 300.00 31/12/18, .... 1,760.00

...

119. Royal Observatory,-New Magnetic Hut.-This work was undertaken owing to the old hut having become very decayed and white-ant eaten and was completed before the close of the year. It consists of a shed, 16′ 0′′ × 12′ 0′′ internally, constructed of timber framing with weather boarding, the roof being covered with Ruberoid. The floor is of concrete and is raised above the ground on brick piers. The work was put together with brass screws and copper nails throughout in order not to affect the in- struments housed in the shed.

1918 Estimates,.......... .$2,000.00 Supplementary Vote,..

13.91

1918 Expenditure, ...$2,013.91

Total Estimates,..$2,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/18, ...... 2,013.91

120.—Roads

P.W.E. Kowloon,

(a). Shanghai Street to Tai Kok Tsui.-Plans were prepared

and a contract for the work was let in September.

Good progress had been made by the end of the year.

1918 Estimates, ...$22,500.00 | Total Estimates,... $22,500.00 Estimates,...$22,500.00 Expenditure to

1918 Expenditure,.. 6,803.16 31/12/18,

6,803.16

(b). General Works.-The following is a statement of the works executed under this heading :-

...$2,133.47

(i.) Nathan Road, from Public Square Street to Waterloo Road,-Reforming surface of road and laying and tar-painting a strip of macadam, 20 feet wide, in the centre of carriageway with decomposed granite at sides, (ii) Reclamation and Nelson Streets-Forming, kerbing, channelling and macadamizing carriageway to new levels on the west and south sides of K.I.L. 964 and laying granolithic slabs to footways,

...

...

(iii.) Portland and Chang Sha Streets-Form- ing, kerbing, channelling and macadamiz- ing carriageway to new levels on the north and east sides of K.I.L. 714, Sec. A, laying grauolithic slabs to footways and paving scavenging lane,... (iv.) Jordan and Nathan Roads-Forming, ker- bing, channelling and macadamizing car- riageways to new levels on the west and north sides of K.I.L. 1301 and laying de- composed granite to footways, ...

(v.) Reclamation and Shanghai Streets--Form- ing, kerbing, channelling and macadamiz- ing carriageway to new levels on the east and west sides of K.I.L. 1167 and laying granolithic slabs to footways,

(vi.) Reclamation Street and Nelson Street-

Forming, kerbing, channelling and macad- amizing carriageway to new levels on the west and north sides of K.I.L. 976, laying granolithic slabs to footways and paving scavenging lane,... (vii.) Argyle Street and Canton Road-Forming, kerbing, channelling and macadamizing carriageway on the south and east sides of K.I.L's 951-954 and laying granolithic slabs to footways,

...

...

1,948.61

1,769.19

1,151.03

1,034.23

992.82

977.12

P.W.E. Kowloon.

Q 76

(viii.) Portland Street-Forming, kerbing, chan - nelling and macadamizing carriageway to new levels on the south and east sides of K.I.L. 1306, laying granolithic slabs to footways, raising nullah walls on the south side of lot between Portland and Shanghai Streets and paving scavenging lane,....... (ix.) Portland and Argyle Streets-Forming, kerbing, channelling and macadamizing carriageway (half width only) to new levels and laying granolithic slabs to foot- ways on the north and west sides of K.I.L. 1260, (x.) Nathan Road -Kerbing, channelling and

macadamizing carriageway (half width) on- north and west sides of K.I.L. 1259, lay- ing granolithic slabs to footways and paving scavenging lane, (xi.) Canton Road-Forming, kerbing, channell- ing and macadamizing carriageway to new levels on the west side of K.I.L. 1165 and laying granolithic slabs to foot-

ways,

...

(xii.) Reclamation and Hamilton Streets-Form- ing, kerbing, channelling and macadamiz- ing carriageway (half width) to new levels on the north and east sides of K.I.L. 1173, laying granolithic slabs to footways and paving scavenging lane,

*

...

(xiii.) Fife Street and Nathan Road-Kerbing, channelling and macadamizing carriage- way to south and east sides of K.I.L. 1263, laying granolithic slabs to footways and paving scavenging lane, (xiv.) Battery and Saigon Streets-Raising foot- ways to new levels on the south and east sides of K.I.L's 560-562, laying granolithic slabs to footways and paving scavenging lane,

D

(xv.) Reclamation Street-Forming, kerbing, channelling and macadamizing carriage- way (half width) to new levels on the west and north sides of K.I.L. 1174, lay- ing granolithic slabs to footways and paving scavenging lane,... (xvi.) Hong Lok Street-Forming, kerbing, channelling and macadamizing carriage- way to new levels on the west side of K.I.L. 929 and paving scavenging lane, ...

$907.18

830.33

738.45

699.25

696.39

651.49

541.70

418.21

309.33

- 2 77 —

P.W.E, Kowloon.

(xvii.) Taku Street-Kerbing, channelling and macadamizing carriageway (half width) on east side of H.H.I.L's 165 and 167, laying granolithic slabs to footways and paving scavenging lane,

$300.10

289.92

(xviii.) Canton Road-south of Fife Street-Ker- bing, channelling and macadamizing car- riageway on the east side of K.I.L. 955,... Item (i). Consequent upon the linking up of the southern and northern portions of Nathan Road to admit of motor traffic, the section of road mentioned was put in order and tar-painted so as to afford, an improved outlet for traffic to the New Territories.

Items (ii)-(xviii). All these items were rendered necessary by-the erection of buildings on the various lots specified.

121. Training Nullahs,—General Works.-The following is a statement of the works carried out under this heading

(i.) Extension of nullah in Nan Chang Street, Shamshuipo, from Hai Tan Street to Yee Kuk Street (incom- plete),

1918 Estimates, .........$5,000.00 1918 Sup. Vote,

7,500.00

$12,500.00

1918 Expenditure,...... 3,713.47

:-

Length Expendi- trained. Lin. Ft. $

ture.

200

3,713.47

122. Miscellaneous Drainage Works.-The following is a statement of the principal items carried out under this heading, the amounts stated representing, in some cases, only a portion of the cost owing to the works extending into more than one year :-

(i.) Extension of 6′′ sewer in lane between Changsha Street and Dundas Street, east of Shanghai Street, for K.I.L. 714 (completed), (ii.) Extension of 9" storm-water drain in Battery Street from Saigon Street to Pakhoi Street (completed),

(iii.) Extension of 6" sewer from Pitt Street, in lane between Hamilton Street and Pitt Street, for K.I.L. 1174 (completed),

(iv.) Extension of 6′′ sewer in lane between Hamilton Street and Pitt Street, west of Reclamation Street, for K.I.L. 1173 (com- pleted),

(v.) Extension of 15" sewer in Argyle Street -

from Coronation Road to opposite houses on K.F.L. 4 (completed),

$142.82

565.16

224.03

720.17

4,143.99

P.W.E. Kowloon.

-Q78-

(vi.) Extension of 6" sewer in lane west of K.I. L's 560-562, Battery Street, (completed), ... (vii.) Take up and relay, to new line and level, the sewer in lane west of K.I.L. 1207, Shanghai Street, (completed),

(viii.) Extension of sewer in Argyle Street from opposite houses on K.F.L. 4 to opposite

K.İ.L. 1320 (incomplete),

(ix.) Drain connections (29) and other minor

works:

Cost of work,

Less contributions by various

lessees, etc.,..

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

$248.98

532.38

3,059.80

$1,054.67

256.19

798.48

.$20,000.00

10,435.81

Items (i), (iii)-(vi) and (viii).

Extensions were required in all these cases to take the drainage from new houses erected on the lots mentioned.

Item (ii). An extension was required to take the storm-water from the newly-formed road.

Item (vii). This work was necessary owing to the setting back of the boundaries of lots in order to widen Shanghai Street, the new houses being built over a portion of the old scavenging lane in rear.

Item (ix). This calls for no comment.

123. Extensions of Lighting.The following lamps were erected :-

Gas Lamps.

Portland Street,

Scavenging lane

between Shanghai

Canton Road,

Nathan Road,..

Tai Nan Street,

Street and Portland Street,

Reclamation Street,

Public Square Street Wharf,

Waterloo Road Wharf,

Shantung Street Wharf,.

Electric Lamps (incandescent).

Ki Lung Street, Shamshuipo,

Total increase in number of

lamps, gas and electric, ....

3

3

4

1

1

-19

100 C.P. 15

4

do.

6

...

""

-25

44

S

1918 Estimates,..

1918 Sup. Vote,...

$1,000.00

400.00

$1,400.00

1918 Expenditure............. 1,197,58

79

P.W.E. Kowloon,

M

124. Shelter in Children's Playground. This work consists of a shelter, about 57′ 0′′× 20′ 0′′ internally, erected in the children's playground in Chatham Road. The structure was nearly completed by the close of the year.

It is constructed of teak and hardwood, with tiled roof, and is designed in Chinese style throughout. Lavatory accommodation, water-flushed, for boys and girls, is provided in an adjacent blue- brick building which is designed to harmonize with the shelter.

$3,500.00 | Total Estimates,

$3,500.00

1918 Estimates,

1918 Sup. Vote,

1,200.00

$4,700.00

Expenditure to

1918 Expenditure,

4,686.07

31/12/18,

4,686.07

125. Chinese Cemeteries,-Laying out new areas. A state- ment of the works carried out under this heading will be found in paragraph 40 of this Report.

1918 Estimates,..

1918 Expenditure,.

$2,000.00

1,549.34

126. Miscellaneous Works.-The following are the principal

items of expenditure under this heading :-

Enclosing 1st floor verandah with

glazed sashes,

Royal Observatory:—

Enlarging Battery Room,

$504.93

293.34

Installing electric radiator and tele-

phones and improving electric lights, &c.,

158.81

$957.08

Signal Hill Station:-

Erecting kitchen and cement render-

ing ground floor walls of Time

Ball Tower,

Supplying new typhoon signals,

Extending railing,

432.90

208.80

106.10

747.80

127. Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903,-Com- pensation and Resumptions.--The purposes of this vote are referred

to in paragraph 112 of this Report.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

$50,000.00

24,326.05*

* Sums amounting to $850.00 were paid for retaining the services of firms of Architects and surveyors and for valuations made by those firms in connection with the resumption of K.I.L's 109, R. P., and 106, Section B, and the contemplated resumption of K.I.L's 107,108 and 1178 and K.M.L. 83. The resumption of K.M.L. 83 and K.I.L. 1178, at a cost of $383.807.90, was provided for by a special vote, (vide § 147 of this Report).

44

-

:

:

P.W.E. Kowloon.

(1.) Properties resumed,

80

Compensation

paid.

K.I.L. 109, R.P.,-Resumption in connection with the linking up of Nathan Road between Yaumati Theatre and Yaumati School,..

K.I.L. 106, Sec. B,-Resumption in connection with the linking up of Nathan Road between Yaumati Theatre and Yaumati School,

K.I.L. 964, Sec. A (portion of),-Resumption in connection with the widening of Shanghai Street, K.I.L. 1167 (portion of),-Resumption in connection

with the widening of Shanghai Street,.. K.I.L. 1168 (portion of),-Resumption in connection

with the widening of Shanghai Street, K.I.L's 560-562 (portions of),-Resumption in con- nection with the widening of Battery Street, K.I.L's 796,797 & 1142,--Resumption in connection

with street widening, Fuk Tsün Heung, ..... Resumption of 77 agricultural lots in Survey Dis- trict I in connection with future main road to Kowloon City,

Compensation for buildings Hok Ün Lot 95.....

Do. Do.,

$

$8,800.00

2,000.00

471.00

939.55

546.00

51.00

1,248.00

........ 7,000.00

***

2,371.00 49.50

(2.) Scavenging lanes resumed on payment of compensation.

There is nothing to report under this heading.

(3.) Scavenging lanes provided by owners and surrendered to Government.

In rear of Nos. 171-179 Coronation Road, K.I.L. 1259,

Area in

sq. ft. 513.00

(4.) Scavenging lanes provided by owners but not surrendered to Government.

Area in

sq. ft.

Do.

In rear of Nos. 450-460 Reclamation Street and Nos. 453-463 Shanghai Street, K.I.L. 1167,... Nos. 438-448 Reclamation Street, K.I.L. 964, Section A,

545.00

...

...

...

273.00

Do.

Nos. 153 and 155 Temple Street, K.I.L.

46, R.P., Section B,...

85.00

Do.

Nos. 1-7 Argyle Street, K.I.L.'s 951, 952

and 953,

660.00

Do.

Nos. 301-313 Canton Road, K.I.L.'s 952, 953 and 954,

.....

655.50

Do.

Nos. 1-9 Changsha Street, K.I.L. 714, ...

420.00

81

P.W.E. Kowloon.

Área in

sq. ft.

In rear of Nos. 113-119 Portland Street, K.I.L.

...

...

Do.

714, Nos. 462-466 Reclamation Street and Nos. 465-469 Shanghai Street, K.I.L. 1168,

353.00

...

316.50

545.00

Do. Nos. 436-446 Canton Road, K.I.L. 1165,

128. Miscellaneous Water Works.-The only works under- taken under this heading were the following:-

(i.) Tiles for Filter Beds,...

(ii.) Extending distribution system to

lots at Ho Mun Tin,

Total,

...$2,958.00

...

3,019.99

...$5,977.99

Item (i). This is a continuation of the work described in last year's Report (page 87).

Item (ii). This work was rendered necessary by the erection of houses at Ho Mun Tin on K.I.L.'s 1308 to 1348.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Supplementary Vote,

1918 Expenditure,

$5,000.00 977.99

$5,977.99

5,977.99

1

NEW TERRITORIES.

129. Market at Tai O, including reclaiming site.—A contract for this work was let in August and, by the end of the year, the reclamation had been completed and the brick pillars of the market were ready to receive the roof, which is to be of ferro- concrete.

1918 Estimates, .....$6,000.00 Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

31/12/18,

1918 Expenditure,.. 3,130.97

130. Roads:

*----

.$6,000.00

3,130.97

(a.) Shamshuipo to Castle Peak,—Section from Shamshuipo to Tsün Wan, 20 feet wide.-As mentioned in last year's Report, this length of road, was subdivided into three portions for the pur- pose of letting contracts, namely:--

(i.) Shamshuipo to Laichikok-1.48 miles.

(ii.) Laichikok to Gin Drinkers' Bay-2.55 miles.

(iii.) Gin Drinkers' Bay to Tsün Wan-1.80 miles.

P.W.E. New Territories.

82

Sub-section (i) was completed in September. The bridges, which, for the reason stated in last year's Report, are of a tempor- ary character, comprised one 80 feet in length (5 spans) and two 10 feet in length (single span). The abutments and piers are of rubble in lime mortar pointed in cement whilst the decking, which is supported on rolled steel joists, consists of hardwood planking, covered with asphaltic surfacing, 2′′ thick. There are 8 culverts, ranging from twin culverts, 4′ 0′′x3' 9", to single culverts, 3'0" x3' 0", the side walls being of rubble in lime mortar and the tops of ferro-concrete. There are numerous cross-drains of stone-ware pipes laid and the embankment on which the road is carried is protected over a length of 1,200 feet by rubble masonry pitching

set in cement mortar.

The expenditure on constructional work during the year amounted to $16,888.19.

The

Sub-section (ii) was also completed in September. culverts, of which there are 15, range from twin culverts, 5' 0" x 4' 0", of which there are two, to single culverts, 2' 0" x 2' 0", constructed as already described for sub-section (i). The retain- ing walls are of rubble in lime mortar with lime concrete backing.

The expenditure on constructional work on this sub-section, during the year, amounted to $40,693.79.

Sub-section (iii) was completed in July. The bridges comprise one 90 feet in length (3 ̊spans); one 36 feet in length (2 spans); one 35 feet in length and one 20 feet in length (both single span). The abutments and piers of the bridges are con- structed either of cement concrete or of rubble masonry in cement mortar, the decks being of ferro-concrete supported on ferro-con- crete beams. The culverts, 7 in number, are of ferro-concrete and range from twin culverts, 6′ 0′′ × 5′ 0′′, to single culverts, 20" x 20". Two of the culverts, which discharge on to the foreshore, are provided with hardwood sluice gates. The approa- ches to the 90-foot bridge at Pak Tin Pai are protected with rubble pitching in cement mortar.

The expenditure on constructional work during the year amounted to $20,318.62.

The road has a minimum width of 20 feet throughout. Whilst sub-sections (i) and (iii) are practically level, sub-section (ii) climbs with gradients varying from: 1 in 20 to 1 in 28.6 over a gap, which is 354 feet above Ordnance Datum. The ascent to the gap extends over a distance of 6,800 feet on the south side and of 6,400 feet on the north side. The road is surfaced throughout with decomposed granite.

The 90-foot bridge at Pak Tin Pai was so seriously damaged

1

1

Q 83

P.W.E. New Territories.

by the heavy rains of the 2nd-4th August, when 16.58 inches fell, that it has been found necessary to reconstruct it.

1918 Estimates, ...$40,000.00 | Total Estimates,... 1918 Sup. Votes,...... 38,000.00

$78,000.00

Expenditure to

1918 Expenditure,... 77,900.60 31/12/18,

$174,988.96

(b.) Shamshuipo to Castle Peak,—Section from Tsün Wan to Castle Peak,-20 feet wide.-As the length of road included in this section amounted to 10-19 miles, it was considered expedient to divide it, for the purpose of letting contracts, into two sub- sections, namely

(i). Tsün Wan to Tsing Loong Tau-5 miles.

(ii). Tsing Loong Tau to Castle Peak-5.19 miles.

A contract for (i) was let in January to Mr. Lam Woo and a contract for (ii) was let in March to the Tung Shing Firm.

Sub-section (i) almost exclusively traverses the hillsides, portions of which are very steep. Its construction involves numerous heavy cuttings in earth and rock, whilst embankments are required where it crosses valleys. The maximum depth of cutting is 47 feet and one of the embankments has a height of 30 feet. The ruling gradient is 1 in 20.

The whole of the work was well advanced by the end of the year. The principal items of work executed included 13,414 cubic yards of earth cutting; 25,682 cubic yards of rock blasting; 2,522 square yards of rubble pitching and 2,144 square yards of rubble walling.

Land resumptions on this sub-section cost $99.74 while the expenditure on constructional work amounted to $114,352.06.

Sub-section (ii), for a distance of 14 miles from Tsing Loong Tau, runs along very rocky hillside, entailing heavy rock cutting. After crossing the Tai Lam Chung Valley, where much bridging is required, the alignment runs somewhat inland, through heavy cuttings, until Castle Peak Bay is reached. The maximum depth of cutting is 45 feet. The principal items of work executed in- cluded 102,940 cubic yards of earth cutting; 22,266 cubic yards of rock cutting; 1,311 square yards of rubble pitching and 1,466 square yards of rubble retaining walls. The work was well advanced by the end of the year. The cost of land resumptions in this case amounted to $739.70 whilst the expenditure on construc- tional work amounted to $96,969.60.

A sum of $1,146.29 was expended in maintaining, for the use of the Engineer, a house boat and motor dinghy, and for survey

expenses.

1918 Estimates, ......$215,000.00 Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

1918 Expenditure, ... 213,307.39 ¡

31/12/18,.........$213,307.39

"เ

:

+

P.W.E. New Territories.

Q 84

(c.) Ping Shan to Castle Peak,— Widening_to_20 feet the existing road between Au Tau and Castle Peak.—It was originally proposed to widen to 16 feet this length of road which had been constructed with a width of 6 to 8 feet, but, as the result of representations made to Government, it was decided to widen it to 20 feet. As mentioned in last year's Report (para. 151), the widening to 16 feet of the portion between Shui Pin and Castle Peak was undertaken in September, 1917. Contracts for the remainder of the work were let to local village elders and the whole of the widening was finished in a satisfactory manner in September. It was considered unnecessary to widen the major bridges, which remain at their original width of 14 feet.

The cost of land resumptions amounted to $774.49.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Sup. Vote,

...

$25,000.00 Total Estimates, ... $35,000.00

14,300.00

$39,300.00

Expenditure to

31/12/18,

46,785.23

1918 Expenditure, ... 39,143.47

(d.) Taipo Road,- Widening and improving road past Kow- loon Reservoir and between Shatin and Taipo.-The improvements of that portion of road which skirts the Kowloon Reservoir were finished in August and resulted in reducing the length, which was formerly 2,500 feet, by 350 feet.

.

A contract for widening to 20 feet and improving the bends between Shatin and Taipo was let in August and by the end of the year considerable progress had been made, 3,000 lineal feet of road northwards of the level crossing at Shatin having been completed and opened to traffic. Numerous sharp bends on the portion of road traversing the hillside, after leaving Tide Cove, had been cut back and improved.

Land resumptions amounted to $359.24.

1918 Estimates,

$40,000.00

Total Estimates, ... Expenditure to

1918 Expenditure,... 28,496.02

31/12/18, ...$54,156.89*

(e.) San Tin to Lok Ma Chau Police Station,—12 feet wide. A contract for this work was let to a local village elder in February and, by September, the work was finished. The contract included an extension of the road, 1,800 feet in length with a width of 8 feet, to the Police boat house, and the improvement and surfacing with lime and cement concrete, 2" thick, finished with a layer of cement concrete, 2" thick, of the approach path to the "Police Station.

The length of the 12-foot road, across cultivated land, is 3,900 feet.

which runs almost entirely The work included the con-

* This sum includes the cost of improving the road between the 5th and 9th milestones.

Q 85

P.W.E. New Territories.

struction of two twin culverts, 5′ 0′′ × 5′ 0′′, of reinforced concrete.

Land resumptions amounted to $508.79.

1918 Estimates,.....$ 20,000.00 | Total Estimates, ...$ 20,000.00

Expenditure to

1918 Expenditure,... 13,184.96 31/12/18,

13,184.96*

(f) General Works.-The following is a statement of the works executed under this heading :--

(i.) Shamshuipo Market-Forming to new levels,

kerbing, channelling and macadamizing carri- ageway (half width) on all sides of the market

and laying granolithic slabs to footways,..... $ 1,879.37 (ii.) Laichikok Road-Forming, kerbing, channel- ling and macadamizing carriageway (half width) on the north, south and east sides of N.K.I.L. 26; laying granolithic slabs to foot- ways and paving scavenging lane,

(iii.) Nan Chang Street-Forming, kerbing, chan- nelling and macadamizing carriageway (half width) on the north, south and east sides of N.K.İ.L. 21; laying granolithic slabs to foot- ways and paving scavenging lane,

(iv.) Nan Chang Street-Forming, kerbing, chan- nelling and macadamizing carriageway (half width) on the north and east sides N.K.I.L. 17; laying granolithic slabs to footways and paving scavenging lane,

...

...

(v.) Ki Lung Street-Forming, kerbing, chan- nelling and macadamizing carriageway (half width) on the south side of N.K.I.L. 43; laying granolithic slabs to footways and paving scavenging lane, (vi.) Pei Ho Street-Kerbing, channelling and ma- cadamizing carriageway (half width) on the north, south and west sides of N.K.İ.L. 158; laying granolithic slabs to footways and pay- ing scavenging lane,

(vii.) Tai Nan Street-Forming, kerbing, channel- ling and macadamizing carriageway (half width) on the south side of N.K.I.L's 68` and 69; laying granolithic slabs to footway and paving scavenging lane,...

(viii.) Pei Ho Street-Forming, kerbing, channel- ling and macadamizing carriageway (half width) on the south and west sides of N.K.I.

1,750.53

1,587.58

1,064.07

841.98

803.69

527.05

L. 161,

...

505.84

i

P.W.E. New Territories,

Q86

(ix.) Kweilin Street-Forming, kerbing, channel- ling and macadamizing carriageway (half width) on the south and east sides of N.K.I.L. 155; laying granolithic slabs to footways and paving scavenging lane,....... (x.) Tai Nan Street-Forming, kerbing, channel- ling and macadamizing carriageway (half width) on the north and west sides of N.K.I. L. 19 and laying granolithic slabs to footways, (xi.) Improvement of cross roads at the junction. of Castle Peak and Sheung Shui Train Halt Roads,

$ 394.41

320.28

1.327.31

(xii.) Widening road opposite Ün Long Market to

40 feet (not completed),...

2.791.78

(xiii.) Extension towards Sheung Shui for a distance

1,307.67

of 1,800 lineal feet of the Frontier Road,

Items (i)-(x). All these items were rendered necessary by the erection of buildings on the various lots mentioned.

Items (xi)-(xiii). These are self-explanatory.

131. Miscellaneous Drainage Works.-The following is a statement of the principal works carried out under this heading during the year :-

(i.) Extension of 6" sewer in road between N.K. I.L's 158 and 23 for N.K.I.L. 161, Sham- shuipo, (completed),

Cost of work,

Less contribution by lessee,

$451.11 350.00

$ 101.11

(ii) Extension of 6" sewer in lane north of N.K. 1.L's 160,52 and 58, Shamshuipo, (completed), (iii.) Extension of 12" storm-water drain in Tai Nan Street from Pei Ho Street to Nan Chang Street, Shamshuipo, (completed), (iv.) Extension of 12" storm-water drain in Ki Lung Street from Pei Ho Street to Nan Chang Street, Shamshuipo, (completed), (v.) Extension of 12" storm-water drain in Yu Chau Street from Pei Ho Street to Nan Chang Street, Shamshuipo, (completed), (vi.) Extension of 12" storm-water drain in Tai Nan Street from Kweilin Street to Yen Chow Street, Shamshuipo, (completed),

847.82

1,889.86

1,792.08

1,436.76

1,665.83

(vii.) Extension of 12" storm-water drain in Ki Lung Street from Kweilin Street to Yen Chow Street, Shamshuipo, (completed),

...

1.690.12

Q 87

P.W.E. New Territories.

(vin.) Construction of 24" and 15" temporary chan- nels in Nan Chang Street, Shamshuipo, (completed),

(ix.) Extension of 15" and 12" storm-water drain in Yee Kuk Street from Kweilin Street to Yen Chow Street, Shamshuipo, (completed), (x.) Extension of 6" sewer in scavenging lane between N.K.I.L's 56 and 146, Shamshuipo, (completed), (xi.) Extension of 6" sewer in scavenging lane between N.K.I.L's 142 and 143, Shamshuipo, (completed),

44

$ 344.13

1,294.10

...

219.95

(xii.) Drain connections (23) and other minor works

(completed),

1918 Estimates,

304.07

856.53

1918 Expenditure,

$20,000.00 12,442.36

Items (i)-(vii) and (ix)-(xi). Extensions were required in all these cases to take the drainage or storm-water from new houses on the various lots mentioned or from the newly-formed roads.

Item (viii). These chandels were provided as a temporary measure for taking away storm-water.

Item (xii). This calls for no cominent.

132. Chinese Cemeteries,--Laying out new areas.—A statement of the works carried out under this heading will be found in paragraph 40 of this Report.

1918 Estimates,....

1918 Expenditure,.

$500.00 497.45

133. Miscellaneous Works.-The following are the principal

items of expenditure under this heading

Cheung Chau-Reclamation to enable portion of old

village, seriously damaged by fire, to be laid out on improved lines,

Laichikok Camp-Constructing 2 latrines of 20 seats

.$3,685.80

each and 2 reinforced concrete water tanks,...... 2,028.17 Taipo Police Station-Constructing new verandah,... 1,199.84 Filling in swamps at Tsün Wan,

912.97

Shün Wan Road-Raising road and pitching slopes

to prevent the washing away of embankment between Taipo Old and New Markets,

581.26

Kowloon City Police Station-Installing electric

lights and fans,

301.81

Grant towards the formation of a small pond at

Wong Yi Au, Taipo,

150.00

P.W.E. New Territories,

134.

Q.88

Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903,—Com- pensation and Resumptions.-The purposes of this Vote are referred to in paragraph 112 of this Report.

1918 Estimates,

.$15,000.00

1918 Supplementary Vote, 16,550.00

1918 Expenditure,

$31,550,00*

29,216.79

(1.) Properties resumed.

The following amounts were paid in connection with the resumption or re-arrangement of lots and buildings in order that the laying-out of future public roads and the development of the Shamshuipo district might be proceeded with:-

Compensation

paid.

Lot 2577, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,

Lots 2506, 2507, 2520, 2569, 2570, 2571, 2572 and

2573, S. D. IV, Shamshuipo,

Lot 2464, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,

Lot 2531, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,

Lots 2338, 2339 (Sections A and B and R.P.), 2340,

2373 and 2474, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,...

Lots 2492 and 2493, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,...

Lot 2323, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,

Lot 2547, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,

Buildings on Lot 2350, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,..........

$

`C.

51.34

2,006.30

1,052.83

144.00

4,153.81

1,416.36

1,433.19

503.19

155.57

Buildings on Lot 2737, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,.........16,550.00

The following lots, or buildings situated in other localities were resumed :--

Buildings on certain lots near Taipo Market in con-

nection with the development of the district, ...$1,136.81 Lot 2969 near Au Tau,-agricultural lot rendered unfit for cultivation owing to scour through neighbouring bridge,

16.34

-

Lot 561, D.D. 176, Lok Lo Ha, in connection with

improvements to Tai Po Road,

50,00

Lot 108, D.D. 131, for widening of main road near

Un Long,.

23.48

Buildings formerly occupied as stables at cross-roads

near Fan Ling Golf Course,

221.72

Certain lots at Cheung Chau in connection with

improved laying-out, after fire,

401.85

* The vote was credited with the sum of $100.00, being a refund of a portion

of the amount appearing in the Report for 1917 as compensation for Lot 2466, S:D. IV, Shamshuipo.

89

P.W.E. New Territories.

(2). Scavenging lanes provided by owners but not surrendered

to Government.

In rear of Nos. 48-54 Pei Ho Street, N.K.I.L. 19,

Section A,

Area in

Sq. ft.

387.00

135. Shamshuipo District,-Laying water mains.--Pipes for the mains required for extending the Kowloon Distribution System to the newly-laid-out district of Shamshuipo were ordered in June, 1918. As the pipes did not arrive, no expenditure was incurred under this heading during the year.

WORKS NOT APPEARING IN ESTIMATES.

-

HONGKONG.

136. Cape D'Aguilar Wireless Station, — Improvements. The works referred to in paragraph 144 of last year's Report were completed and all liabilities were discharged. The total cost of the works was $8,869.29.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

$569.11

·

137. Victoria Gaol, Constructing concrete platform over lower yard. This work was described in last year's Report (vide paragraph 106). The washing-troughs, etc., were completed and all liabilities were discharged. The total amount expended on the works was $43,050.24.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

.$5,067.12

138. Police Recreation Club Pavilion.-It was decided that the matshed hitherto in use at Happy Valley should be replaced by a permanent structure, to be erected at the cost of the Govern- 'ment. Work was begun in September and the erection of the building was well advanced by the close of the

1918 Estimates, 1918 Expenditure,

year.

$3,468.88

139. Motor Car Shelter at Deep Water Bay. It was inten- ded to erect a shed adjoining the Golf Links for motor cars but, as it was found possible to form a stand in a position where shade would be afforded by the hill, it was decided to confine operations to the formation of the stand and to defer the erection of the shed. A contract for the work, which comprises the formation of a level area, measuring 140 feet x 50 feet, partly by excavating into the hillside west of the stream adjoining the Golf Club and partly by filling in, was let to Mr. Ching Lai Kee in August. The filling-in is protected partly by a retaining wall and partly by a pitched slope faced with masonry set in lime and cement mortar. By the close of the year, the work was well advanced,

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

$1,925.04

Hongkong.

90

140. Path from near Plantation Gap to Barker Road, near Victoria Hospital.—This work was fully described in last year's Report (vide paragraph 100 (f) ). It was completed and all lia- bilities were discharged.

1918 Estimates,.........

Total Estimates, Expenditure to

$3,600.00

3,724.55

1918 Expenditure,...... $417.89 31/12/18,

141. Raising footpath and floors of houses on Praya East.- As the Praya East Reclamation Scheme seemed likely to be undertaken at an early date and, as the Electric Tramways were then being laid, the Praya East roadway was raised, in 1904, so as to obviate the necessity of taking up and relaying the tramway tracks at a later period. The greater part of the footpath on the south side of the road was raised at the same time,but some owners took exception to such raising and the work in front of their pre- mises was therefore allowed to remain in abeyance. Owing to representations which were made to Government, some of these remaining portions of the footpath have now been raised together with the ground floors of the houses. The raising, which amounted to about 2 feet, extended in front of Nos. 68 to 80 and 99 to 116 Praya East. The work was completed and all liabilities were discharged before the close of the year.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

$7,602.75

142. Approaches to temporary stations on the Peak Tramway below Barker Road and above Kennedy Road. As the result of negotiations during recent years with the Peak Tramways Company regarding the elimination of the depressors which were formerly required below Barker Road Station owing to a sharp change in gradient which occurred at the point indicated, it was arranged that a re-grading of the line, extending over a length of 680 feet, should be carried out. In connection with the re-grading scheme, the provision of a greatly-improved station at Barker Road was arranged for, in addition to the elimination of the depressors.

To enable the work to be carried out, the upper and lower sections of the line had to be thrown out of operation and tem- porary stations had to be provided below Barker Road and above Kennedy Road. The necessary approaches to these temporary stations were constructed and lighted by Government.

1918- Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

$928.80

143. Altering and installing hydraulic motor in connection with new Filter Beds, West Point.-The construction of the motor- house, which is in close proximity to the new Pumping Station, erected in 1914, on Pokfulam Road, was completed and the motor, the alterations to which were also completed, was installed and set

1

...*.

91

Hongkong.

to work on the 11th June. An account of the alterations to the motor will be found in paragraph 114 of the Report for 1916. All liabilities were discharged before the close of the year.

1918 Estimates,......

1918 Expenditure,... $2,872.01

Total Estimates,...... $10,000,00 Expenditure to

31,12,18,

9,713.45

KOWLOON.

144. Additional Main from Filter Beds to Yaumati.-The only expenditure incurred was for the completion of the work of laying the surplus 18" pipes remaining over from the Taitam Tuk Scheme, (vide paragraph 135 of last year's Report). An indent for the additional pipes required to complete the main was forwarded to the Crown Agents in December.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure, ...$1,118.20

Total Estimates, ...$175,000.00 Expenditure to

31/12/18,

19,930.06

145. Resumption of Ferry Piers.—In order to institute improved ferry services between the City of Victoria and the western side of the Kowloon Peninsula, extending from Yaumati to Sham- shuipo, it was decided to resume the piers hitherto used by such ferries and to utilize them until new and properly-equipped piers can be erected. The piers will henceforth belong to Government which will keep them in proper repair, but the privilege of run- ning ferry services will be let, from time to time, by public tender, the Government retaining control over all matters relating to such services (vide the Regulations made by the Governor-in-Council on the 30th May, 1918, under the Ferries Ordinance, 1917).

The following is a statement of the expenditure incurred in resuming and repairing or extending the piers so as to make them reasonably serviceable for the new ferries:-

Position of Pier.

Amount

paid as

compen

sation.

Amount expended on repairs, extensions, &c.

Total.

.-3

$

Opposite Queen Victoria Street,

12,300.00

12,300.00

Jubilee Street,.

950.00

*

3,749.88 4,699.88

"

Western Market,

3,000.00

6,724.96

9,724.96

11

Eastern Market,

700.00

4,295.97 4,995.97

"

Public Square Street, Yaumati.....

100.00

2,258.26

2,658.26

Waterloo Road, Yaumati,..

300.00

2,685,81

2,985.84

11

Shantung Street, Mongkoktsui,

no pier in

existence

3,164.98

3,164.98

Nanchang Street, Shamshuipo,.....

1,550.00

816.28 2,366.28

Total,

$19,200.00 $23,696.17| $42,896,17

T

Kowloon.

0 92

The sum of $12,300 which, appears as having been paid as compensation for the pier opposite Queen Victoria Street was really a refund of the sum which was paid by the lessee in 1906 for the right to erect and maintain a pier. The pier itself, or what was left of it, was removed by the lessee. It will be replaced by a permanent structure in due course. All the other piers, for which compensation was paid, were erected under temporary licences which were revocable at short notice and the amounts paid were for the structures themselves. In the case of the pier opposite Eastern Street, the structure was in so dilapidated a condition that it was decided to make provision for the new ferries by utilizing and extending a small pier which had been constructed for the use of the dust-boats about 45 yards to the eastward and the amount appearing as expended on repairs, etc., was spent in constructing this extension and erecting a ticket office, turnstiles, etc. The reconstruction of the pier opposite Eastern Street will be greatly facilitated by this arrangement. The pier opposite Shantung Street is a new pier,-the pier hitherto used by the ferry-launches was in front of a Marine Lot, the lessee of which desired to retain it for his own use. In all cases, ticket offices and turnstiles were erected on the piers.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

$42,896.17

146. Repairing and Coaling Yard for Government Launches. — It was anticipated that the electrically-driven winch for operating the cradle would arrive during the year and a vote to cover the cost of it was accordingly taken. As the winch did not arrive, no expenditure was incurred.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,!........

147. Resumption of Kowloon Marine Lot 83 and Kowloon Inland Lot 1178.—These lots are situated at the northern extremity of the reclamation in Hunghom Bay which was carried out in conjunction with the construction of the railway. As the lessees were about to dispose of them, it was considered expedient, with a view to future Railway and Wharfage developments, that Government should acquire them and this was accordingly done by private arrangement.

1918 Estimates, 1918 Expenditure,

$383,807.90

NEW TERRITORIES.

148. Telephonic Communication with outlying Islands.-In consequence of disasters, during recent years, at some of the out- lying islands, it was considered expedient to establish telephonic

A

- Q 93

New Territories.

communication with all the Police Stations in such positions. The stations referred to are the following:-

Lamma Island.

Cheung Chau.

Tung Chung (Lantao Island).

Tai O

Kat (

do. ).

(Mirs Bay).

The actual work of construction was not begun before the end of the year but a quantity of stores was issued in readiness for commencing operations in 1919.

1918 Estimates,

1918 Expenditure,

$ 5,060.79

WORKS DEFRAYED FROM FUNDS NOT PROVIDED UNDER P.W.E. VOTES.

HONGKONG.

149. Alterations and Additions to Defence Corps Head Quarters. In addition to the accommodation mentioned in last year's Report (vide paragraph 153), a small office was provided on the Parade Ground for the use of the Engineer Section of the Corps. The electric light installation of the entire building was re-arranged, the whole of the work being completed in May at a total cost of $17,105.64. The expenditure during 1918 amounted to $14,542.66. The entire cost was defrayed from Defence Corps Funds.

STAFF, &c.

150. The deaths of the following officers occurred during the year :-

Mr. F. A. Biden, 2nd Grade Executive Engineer.

Mr. J. Hutchings, 1st Class Overseer,

Mr. Ko Siu Fan, 4th Grade Clerk.

Mr. Fatty Dad, 5th Grade Clerk.

Mr. Lai Fook, 4th Grade Foreman,

Mr. Cheung Leung, 4th Grade Foreman.

In addition to the foregoing, Mr. S. H. H. Ixer, Assistant Engineer, who, in 1916, resigned his position in order to join H. M's. forces, with permission to rejoin this Department after the War was over, and who held a Commission as Lieutenant in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, succumbed to injuries received as the result of an accident on board one of H. M's. ships whilst on Active Service.

151. The following officer retired on pension on account of ill-health :-

Mr. A. F. Churchill, First Assistant Director of Public

Works, 20th February, 1918.

Staff, &c.

94

152. Mr. T. L. Perkins, Executive Engineer, was promoted to the post of First Assistant, rendered vacant by Mr. Churchill's retirement, and Mr. H. E. Goldsmith was promoted from Assistant Engineer to Executive Engineer.

153. The following officers left the service of the Department during the year :—

Mr. W. O'Connor, 1st Class Overseer. Mr. R. Williams, Temporary Overseer. Mr. Ü Shiu Kwai, 1st Grade Clerk. Mr. A. M. Souza, Temporary Foreman.

Mr. Wong Sik,

do.

Mr. Yuen Tim,

do.

Mr. Chow Yung,

do.

Mr. Chow Lee,

do.

Mr. Li Yuk-wai,

do.

Mr. Lau Tak-yuen,

do.

Mr. T. Gracias, Watchman, Kowloon Water Works,

and numerous other officers of subordinate rank.

154. The following appointments were made :-

Mr. M. A. Xavier, Temporary Assistant Engineer.

Mr. A. Lambden, Temporary Overseer.

Mr. G. W. May,

do.

Mr. E. W. Ovenden,

do.

Mr. O. Mahney,

do.

Mr. Chan Siu-tong, 3rd Grade Clerk.

Mr. Wong Yau-ming,

do.

Mr. Leong Pui-cho,

do.

Mr. To Yun-wing, 5th Grade Clerk.

Mr. Kwok Ping-kwong,

do.

Mr. Lai Hau-kwong,

do.

Mr. Kwan Lau-hin,

do.

Mr. Ng Pak-chau,

do.

Mr. Leung Yan-i,

do.

Mr. Chu Hin-loi, 6th Grade Clerk.

Mr. Y. D. Poon, 5th Grade Draughtman. Mr. Tse Kap-kai, 6th Grade Draughtsman. Mr. A. Delgado, 3rd Grade Meter Reader. Mr. Ip Kow, Temporary Foreman,

Q 95

Mr. Yu Lam,

Mr. Chun Yuk, Temporary Foreman.

do,

Mr. Wong Yuk-lam, .do.

Mr. Hui Ki-kan;

do.

Mr. Lo Shing,

do.

Mr. Au Cheong,

do.

Mr. Lok Ming,

do.

Mr. Ng Wan,

do.

Mr. Cheung Fuk-tin, do.

Mr. Li Wing-shing, do.

Mr. Chau Yung,

do.

Mr. Wong Kwai,

do.

Mr. Lo Fu,

do.

Mr. Li Yau,

do.

Staff, &c.

Mr. Li Kam-shang, do.

Mr. Tsang Ah-wing do.

and numerous other officers of subordinate rank.

155. The following officers joined and left the service of the Department during the year :-

Mr. Tsun Hing, Temporary Foreman.

Mr. Li Tang,

Mr. Chan Hok,

do.

do.

and numerous other officers of subordinate rank.

156. The following officers, who had been granted long leave, were absent during the periods stated :--

Mr. A. F. Churchill, 1st Assistant Director of Public Works,

9-5-17 to 20-2-18.

Mr. D. Jaffé, Special Engineer, 14-3-18 to 31-12-18.

Mr. B. W. Grey, 1st Grade Land Surveyor, 11-6-18 to

11-12-18.

Mr. J. Duncan, 1st Grade Assistant Engineer, 27-3-18 to

31-12-18.

Mr. J. J. Bryan, Drainage Surveyor, 30-7-18 to 31-12-18.

157. The following officers were granted local leave :-

Mr. W. Chatham, Director of Public Works, 10 weeks. Mr. H. T. Jackman, 1st Grade Executive Engineer, 3

months.

Mr. F. A. Biden, 2nd Grade Executive Engineer, 1 month

& 5 days.

Staff, &c.

Q 96

Mr. H. E. Goldsmith, 2nd Grade Executive Engineer, 3

months.

Mr. H. C. Lowick, 2nd Grade Assistant Engineer, 3

months.

Mr. F. W. Wood, Assistant Land Surveyor, 4 weeks.

Mr. G. H. Haskett, Inspector of Stores, 1 month.

Mr. F. J. Ling, 1st Class Overseer, 4 months. Mr. F. H. Dillon, Land Bailiff, 1 month. Mr. Cheng Cheuk-Hin, 1st Grade Clerk, 4 weeks. Mr. Lo Chun, Temporary Foreman, 1 month.

158. The following officers were permitted to proceed to England on the dates mentioned for the purpose of joining the Army :-

Mr. A. B. Purves, 2nd Grade Assistant Engineer, 18-5-18. Mr. E. B. Lambert, Assistant Land Surveyor, 18-5-18.

Mr. H. H. Pegg,

do.

18-5-18.

Mr. R. S. Vergette, 1st Class Overseer,

18-5-18.

Mr. W. Pryde, 2nd Class Overseer,

18-5-18.

Mr. J. A. Howe,

do.

18-5-18.

Mr. J. T. Ewing,

do.

18-5-18.

making 14 officers in all from the Public Works Department. The names of the others are given in paragraph 163 of last year's Report.

159. During the absence on leave of Mr. Chatham, Director of Public Works, his duties were performed by Mr. T. L. Perkins, First Assistant Director of Public Works.

160. Messrs. A. E. Wright, Executive Engineer, and R. M. Henderson, Assistant Engineer, were absent from the Colony from the 28th August to the 17th October, their services being lent to the Weihaiwei Government at the request of His Honour the Com- missioner.

PUBLIC WORKS OFFICE,

HONGKONG, 2nd August, 1919.

W. CHATHAM, C.M.G., M.I.C.E.,

Director of Public Works.

Q 97

Annexe A.

ANNUALLY RECURRENT EXPENDITURE, 1918.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE.

ESTABLISHMENT.

Personal Emoluments and Exchange Com-

pensation,

Other Charges,

Special Expenditure.

Typewriter,.....

A

*

c.

$

C.

*

PROVISI-

ONALLY VOTED.

BALANCE.

C.

C

ffx

$

C.

EXCESS.

*

C.

427,570 338,713.77 44,042 36,192.55

88,856.23

15,785.56 104,641.79 3,970.88 | 13,820.33

...

4,686.91 12,536.36

$471,612 374,906.32 4,686.91 101,392.59 21,756.44 118,462.12

PUBLIC WORKS RECURRENT.

HONGKONG.

280

296.30

16.30

50.00

33.70

Buildings.

1. Maintenance of Buildings,...

66,100

2. Improvements to Buildings,

9,000

80,020.72 13,920.72

8,741.49

14,000.00

3. Maintenance of Lighthouses,

4,500

2,953.40

258.51 1,546.60

79.28 258.51 1,546.60

Communications.

4. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in

City,

76,000

74,826.65

1,173.35

1,173.35

5. Improvements to Roads and Bridges

in City, .....

25,000 24,946.46

6. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges

outside City,

32,000 31,252.73

7. Improvements to Roads and Bridges

outside City,

5,000

4,829.90

8. Maintenance of Telephones, including

all Cables,

6,500 6,276.29

Drainage.

9. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,

18,000 17,848.92

:

:

:

:

:

:

53.54

747.27

170.10

223.71

:

53.54

747.27

151.08

:

:

170.10

223.71

151.08

Lighting.

10. Gas Lighting, City and Suburbs and

Hill District,

11. Electric Lighting, City, Hill District

and Shaukiwan,

53,000 61,923.91 8,923.91

25,000 24,450.00

10,000.00

1,076.09

550.00

550.00

...

Miscellaneous.

:

12. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

13.

""

14.

15.

""

Public Cemetery, Chinese Cemeteries, Public Recreation

Grounds,.

16. Dredging Foreshores,

17. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages, 18. Stores Depreciation,

Water Works.

19. Maintenance of City and Hill District,

20.

21.

>>

""

Shaukiwan, Aberdeen,

""

>>

22. Water Account, (Meters, &c.),

KOWLOON.

Buildings.

23. Maintenance of Buildings,

24. Improvements to Buildings,

6,000 5,005.60 2,500 2,431.85 2,500 2,198.71

994.40 68.15

994.40

68.15

301.29

301.29

3,000 2,589.59

410.41

410.41

9,000

19,000

4,823.37 31,809.24 12,809.24

4,176.63

15,700.00

100

Cr.1,599.09

1,699.09

4,176.63 2,890.76 1,699.09

...

153,581.78 63,581,78

90,000

75,000.00 11,418.22

1,000

400 10,000

641.05 307.26 8,971.85

...

...

358.95 92.74 1,028.15

358.95

92.74 1,028.15

13,000

1,000

12,911.61 999.89

88.39 .11

...

88.39 .11

...

Carried forward,

..$ 477,600 564,342.27 | 99,235.65 | 14,092.47 114,700.00 29,556.82

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

98

ANNEXE A,-Continued.

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE.

$

C.

Brought forward,

477,600 564,342.27

Kowloon,-Continued.

Communications.

PROVISI-

ONALLY VOTED.

BALANCE.

C.

C.

$ c.

A

C.

99,235.65 14,092.47 114,700.00 29,556.82

EXCESS.

25. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges, 26. Improvements to Roads and Bridges,... 27. Maintenance of Telephones,

30,000 29,165.61

834.39

834.39

4,000

2,500,

9,414.96 5,414.96 2,166.70

5,500.00

85.04

333.30

333.30

Drainage.

28. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,.

7,000

7,625.44

625.44

1,500.00

874.56

Lighting.

29. Gas Lighting,

13,000

15,183.13

30. Electric Lighting,

4,200

4,433.67

2,183.13 233.67

2,900.00

450.00

716.87 216.33

...

...

Miscellaneous.

31. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

1,500

1,097.37

402.63

32.

Chinese Cemeteries,

·500

""

279.47

220.53

402.63 220.53

33.

""

Recreation Ground,

1,000

638.65

361.35

361.35

*

34. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

4,000

5,317.74

1,317.74

1,317.74

Water Works.

35. Maintenance of Water Works,

13,000

12,249.33

35A.Special repairs to Filter Beds,

4,000

3,551.20

36. Water Account, (Meters, &c.),

4,000

3,139.48

750.67

448.80

860.52

750.67

448.80

860.52

NEW TERRITORIES.

Buildings.

37. Maintenance of Buildings,

38. Improvements to Buildings,

Communications.

10,500 1,000

14,409.06 784.78

3,909.06

600.00

215.22

2,090.94 215.22

39. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,

18,000

17,016.09

983.91

983.91

40. Improvements to Roads and Bridges, 41. Maintenance of Telephones,

2,000

1,828.65

171.35

4,000

2,193.57

1,806.43

171.35 1,806.43

Drainage.

42. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,

600

484.99

115.01

115.01

Lighting.

43. Electric Lighting, Shamshuipo,

1,500

1,332.78

167.22

167.22

Miscellaneous.

44. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries, 45. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages, ...

100

2,500

97.02 14,543.72 12,043.72

2.98

15,000.00

2.98 2,956.28

...

Water Works.

46. Maintenance of Laichikok,. 47. Water Account, (Meters, &c.),

2,000 200

2,850.44 128.34

850.44

950.00

71.66

99.56 71,66

...

Less credit,

|714,274.46

1,599.09*

...

Total,..

.$ 608,700 712,675.37 |125,813,81 21,838.44 148,317.74 | 44,342.37-

* Vide item 18,

C.

c.

3

99

Annexe B.

EXTRAORDINARY EXPENDITURE, 1918.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL.

PROVISION-

INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY BALANCE. EXCESS.

VOTED.

C.

c.

$

C.

C.

*A

C.

HONGKONG.

Buildings.

1. Central Police Station,-Extension

2. Imports and Exports Office

150,000

42,676.64

70,000

9,129.71

3. Rented Quarters for European Subor-

dinates, Leighton Hill

70,000

107,323.36 60,870.29

70,000.00

107,323.36 60,870.29

:

70,000.00

4. Latrines and Urinals :---

(a.) Trough closet at junction

of Castle and Robinson Roads (b.) Urinal in Caine Road near

Aberdeen Street

1,000

927.45

72.55

72.55

1,500

720.66

779.34

779.34

(c.) Latrine (10 seats) at Whitfeild (d.) Trough Closet (underground- 40 seats) at Staunton and Aberdeen Streets

3,100

3,822.72

722.72

800.00

77.28

9,500

8,866.36

633.64

633.64

(e.) Urinal (underground) at top

of Calder Path

2,200

(f.) Urinal at foot of Breezy Path

900

1,093.13 701.78

1,106.87 198.22

::

1,106.87

198.22

...

Communications.

:

5. Roads:

6,000

4,092.76

1,907.24

30,000

2,200

35,398.59

6,606.41

5,398.59

4,406.41

(a.) Deep Water Bay to Taitam

Tuk,Improvements to adapt for motor traffic section from Deep Water Bay to Repulse Bay

(b.) Taitam Tuk to Taitam Gap,-

New road from north end of Taitam Tuk. Dam to Taitam Gap...

(c.) Path from May Road Station

to Tregunter Mansions

(d.) Aberdeen Road,-Improve-

ments in neighbourhood of Aberdeen Docks, and new road past Aberdeen Village

:

1,907.24

5,400.00

1.41

4,458.00

51.59

:

46,000

43,284.44

2,715.56

(e.) Repulse Bay to Taitam Tuk,-

1st Section -new road

80,000

29,745.08

50,254.92

(f) Repulse Bay to Taitam Tuk,

2nd Section-Improving and widening existing road

66,000

24,197,57

41,802.43

:

:

2,715.56

50,254,92

41,802,43

(9.) Taitam Gap to Shaukiwan,

Improving existing road

49,500

6,166.96

43,333.04

43.333.04

(h.) Taitam Gap,-Forming junc-

tion between old and new roads (i.) Aberdeen to Little Hongkong, -Improving and widening ex- isting road

2,000

2,000.00

15,000

7,794.75

7,205.25

(1.) Lugard Road Extension..

10,000

82.00

9,918.00

7,205.25 9,918.00

...

(k.) General Works

30,000

42,441.67

12,441.67

13,000.00

558.33

6. Telephone Cable from General Post Office to No. 2 Police Station

5,000

569,06

4,430.94

4,430.94

:

Drainage.

7. Training Nullahs :

(a.) Tsat Tsz Mui.....

(b.) General Works

5,000 8,000

3,878,71 14,950.39

1,121.29

1,121.29

6,950.39

8,500.00 1,549.61

Carried forward

..$

662,900 289,146.84 29,919.78 403,672.94 32,158.00 405,911.16

Q 100

ANNEXE B,—Continued.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED.

ACTUAL.

PROVISION-

INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY. BALANCE. EXCESS.

VOTED.

$ c.

662,900

289,146.84

Brought forward

Hongkong,-Continued.

8. Miscellaneous Drainage Works :-

(a.) Main Sewer to intercept drain- age from houses on east side

of Mount Kellett.....

(b.) General Works

Lighting.

12,300

818.18

20,000

18,646.08

C.

C.

C.

C.

29,919.78 403,672.94 | 32,158.00 405,911.16

11,481.82

A

1,353.92 1,000.00 2,353.92

11,481.82

C.

:

:.

:

9. Extensions of Lighting

Miscellaneous.

10. Wongneichong Village Improvements, 11. Shaukiwan Village Improvements 12. Belilios Public School,-Altering win- dows to improve ventilation

1,000

1,535.00

535.00

600.00

65.00

10,000

348.71

10,000

9,651.29 10,000.00

1,200

545.32

654.68

13. Government House Grounds,-Install-

ing electric lighting

1,600

1,579.79

20.21

M

14. Victoria Gaol, Installing trough

closets

3,500

3,306.74

15. Victoria Gaol,-Installing electric bells 16. Refuse Depôts,-Jetties at Central

and Western District depôts..... 17. Refuse Depôts,-New depôt at Ken-

nedy Town, including Jetty...

5,000

4,946.89

193.26 53.11

:

::

...

13,000

14,244.97

1,244.97

8,500

6,775.49

1,724.51

:

18. General Post Office, Telephone switchboard (200 lines)...........

3,500

19. Chinese Cemeteries,-Laying out new

areas

2,500

1,660.82

20. Kailungwan Cemetery,-Exhumations

6,000

21. Survey of Colony

*

3,000

1,460.40

3,500.00

839.18 6,000.00 1,539.60

1,300.00

9,651.29 10,000.00

654.68

20.21

193.26 53.11

55.03

1.724.51

3,500.00

839.18

6,000.00

1,539.60

22. Boundary Stones

1,000

20,000

1,218.18 17,875.99

218.18

250.00

31.82

2,124,01 15,000.00

17,124.01

23. Miscellaneous Works

Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903.

24. Compensation and Resumptions

100,000

58,956.91

41,043.09

41,043.09

:..

Water Works.

25. Additional Service Reservoir, &c.,

West Point

102,000

95,889.71

6,110.29

6,110.29

26. Taitam Tuk Scheme,-Second Sec-

tion

50,000

36,142.33

13,857.67

27. Miscellaneous Water Works,

8,000

5,030.95

2,969.05

13,857.67 2,969.05

KOWLOON.

Buildings.

28. Quarters for Subordinate Officers, (2nd

Block)

39. Market at Shamshuipo

68,000 10,000

26,936.16 9,981.29

41,063.84

18.71

::

30. Hau Pui Loong Cemetery,-Quarters

for Sextons....

300

31. Royal Observatory, New Magnetic

Hut

2,000

300.00

2,013.91

13.91

13.91

...

41,063,84

18.71

:

Carried forward

$1,125,300 599,360.66

31,931.84 557,871.18 50,321.91 576,261.25

:

...

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

}

Q 101

ANNEXE B,-Continued.

PROVISION-

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY. BALANCE. EXCESS.

VOTED.

C.

Brought forward

1,125,300

599,360.66

Kowloon,-Continued.

Communications.

C. $ C.

$ C..

C.

C.

31,931,84 557,871.18 50,321.91 576,261.25

32. Roads :—

(a.) Shanghai Street to Taikoktsui (6.) General Works

22,500

25,000

6,803.16 17,366.61

15,696.84 7,633.39

Drainage.

33. Training Nullahs,-General Works 34. Miscellaneous Drainage Works

Lighting.

35. Extensions of Lighting

Miscellaneous.

5,000

3,713.47

20,000

10,435.81

1,000

1,197.58

197.58

15,696.84 7,633.39

1,286.53

7,500.00

8,786.53

9,564.19

9,554.19

400.00

202.42

36. Shelter in Children's Playground

3,500

4,686.07

1,186.07

1,200.00

13.93

37. Chinese Cemeteries,-Laying out new

areas

2,000

1,549.34

38. Miscellaneous Works

4,000

2,188,65

450.66 1,811.35

::

450.66 1,811.35

Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903.

39. Compensation and Resumptions

50,000

24,326.05

25,673.95

25,673.95

Water Works.

40. Miscellaneous Water Works

5,000

5,977.99

977.99

977.99

New Territories.

Buildings.

41. Market at Tai O, including reclaiming

site

Communications.

42. Roads :-

6,000

3,130.97

2,869.03

2,869.03

(b.) Shamshuipo to Castle Peak,-

(a.) Shamshuipo to Castle Peak,-

Section from Shamshuipo to Tsün Wan-20′ wide..............

Section from Tsun Wan to Castle Peak,-20 ft. Wide,

40,000

77,900.60 37,900.60

...

38,000.00

99.40

215,000

213,307.39

1,692.61

1,692.61

(c.) Ping Shan to Castle Peak,—

Widening to 16'

25,000

39,143.47 14,143.47

14,300.00

156.53

(d.) Taipo Road,-Widening and

improving road past Kowloon

Reservoir and between Shatin

and Taipo

40,000

28,496.02

11,503.98

11,503.98

(e.) San Tin to Lok Ma Chau

Police Station,- 12′ wide......

20,000

(f) General Works

6,000

13,184.96 15,403.42

6,815.04

9,403.42

6,815.04 13,000.00 3,596.58

Carried forward

$ 1,615,300 1,068,172.22

95,740.97 642,868.75 125,699.90 672,827.68

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

102.

ANNEXE B,—Continued.

PROVISION-

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY. BALANCE. EXCESS.

VOTED.

Brought forward

1,615,300

New Territories,-Continued.

Drainage.

*A

c.

1,068,172.22

$

C. $ c. $ c.

C.

95,740.97 642,868.75 125,699.90 672,827.68

$

43. Miscellaneous Drainage Works

20,000

12,442.36

7,557.64

...

7,557.64

Miscellaneous.

44. Chinese Cemeteries,- Laying out new

areas

500

45. Miscellaneous Works

8,000

497.45 9,144.95

1,144.95

...

2.55

10,000.00

2.55 8,855.05

15,000

29,216.79

14,216.79

27,000

Public Health and. Buildings Ordinance, 1903.

46. Compensation and Resumptions.

Water Works.

47. Shamshuipo District,-Laying water

mains

Works not appearing in

Estimates.

Hongkong.

48. Cape D'Aguilar Wireless Station,-

Improvements................

49. Victoria Gaol,--Constructing concrete

Platform over lower yard

50. Police Recreation Club Pavilion ...... 51. Motor Car Shelter at Deep Water Bay 52. Path from near Plantation Gap fo

Barker Road near Victoria Hospital 53. Raising foot-path and floors of houses

in Praya East......

54. Approaches to temporary stations on the Peak Tramway below Barker Road and above Kennedy Road

55. Altering and installing Hydraulic mo- tor in connection with New Filter Beds, West Point

:

:

:

27,000.00

16,550.00

2,333.21

27,000.00

:

::

:

:

569.11

179.48

748.59

179.48

5,067.12 3,468.88 1,925.04

417.89

10,543.35

2,456.65 | 13,000.00

582.88

1,531.12

5,650.00 582.88 5,000.00 1,531.12 674,96 2,600.00 674.96

32.11

450.00

32.11

2,456.65

928.89

21.11

950.00

21.11

2,872.01

1,627.99 4,500.00

1,627.99

:

:

Kowloon.

56. Additional main from Filter Beds to

Yaumati

57. Resumption of Ferry Piers....

1,118.20 42,896.17

881.80 2,000.00 3.83 42,900.00

881.80 3.83

58. Repairing and coaling yard for Govern-

ment Launches

5,500.00 5,500.00 5,500.00

59. Resumption of Kowloon Marine Lot No. 83, and Kowloon Inland Lot No. 1178.......

388,807.90

383,807.90

New Territories. 1

60. Telephonic communication with out-

lying Islands

5,060.79

60.79

5,000.00

{

60.79

Total

...$ 1,685,800 1,578,149.12 111,163.50 690,920.87 624,356.39 732,068,06

60.79

MONTH.

Annexe C.

CITY AND HILL DISTRICT WATER WORKS, 1918. Monthly Consumption and Contents of Reservoirs (Millions of Gallons).

MINT DAM,

POKFULAM.

TAITAM.

WONGNEICHONG.

RAIN-

In Reser-

voir 1st of

month.

Delivered

MAIN.

BY-WASH. INTERMEDIATE.

TAITAM TUK.

Delivered

over

over

gange.

In 'Reservoir In Reservoir 1st of month. | 1st of month.

In Reservoir 1st of mouth.

In Reservoir 1st of month.

gauge.

In Reser-

voir 1st of

month.

Delivered

over

gauge.

TOTAL CON-

TENTS OF

IMPOUNDING

RESERVOIRS.

BLUE POOL

COLLECTED TOTAL CON-

AND

SUPPLIES

GRAND

FALL

AT

FROM

SUMPTION

REMARKS.

STREAMS. | (Filtered).

FROM

POKFULAM

CONDUIT [(Unfiltered).

TOTAL.

ÜBSER-

VATORY

(Inches).

Jan.,

10.15

3.09

211.90

.57

7.52

942.01

159.60

.95

1,173.10

7.56

170.25

2.44

172.69

'010

Feb.,

9.20

2.67

180.23

.73

8.42

812.50

143.68

1.12

1,012.20

7.55

153.90

2.00

155.90

*015

Constant supply by house services in all districts

March, 7.30

2.47

132.23

.70

8.86

712.65

165.17

1.08

862.82

3.62

171.26

2.34

173.60

1·105

April,.

4.92

3.30

86.38

.65

9.54

592.50

164.52

.95

694.94

3.17

170.99

3.50

174.49

4.440

May,

5.84

12.78

35.22

.77

11.43

491.76

165.22

1.14

.80

546.16

13.89

192.69

3.26

195.95

6'655

Supply by street; foun- tains only in Rider Main Districts from

June,

6,27

13.74

4.75

.31

18.48

411.60

80.26

1.60

30.97

443.01

38.97

163.94

2.75

166.69

24.795

29th May to 6th June

July,

60.22

52,36

332.50

8.62

151.55

635.35

97.36

23.94

29.61

1,212.18

28.64

207.97

2.20

210.17 11.640

Aug.,

59.68

36.45

362.46

3.43

182.10

713.48

64.57

5.36

18.62

1,326.51

86.21

205.85

1.14

206.99 29.230

Sept.,

66.00

40.16

384.80

22.37

195.90 1,419.00

82.18

28.97

16.44

2,117.04

67.16

205.94

1.97

Oct.....

70.04-

36.14

407.00

26.30

195.90 1,419.00

114.41

31.80

16.99

2,150.04

45.08

212.62

3.14

215.76

207.91 18.450

⚫050

Constant supply by house services in all districts.

*

Nov.,

53.08

8.81

369.40

7.17

195.90 1,414.66

141.15

16.04

16.44

2,056.25

21.87

188.27

4.32

192.59

Dec.,

55,82

24.76

271.21

1.14

195.90

1,416.83

148.59

2.15

2.55

1,943.05

. 11.72

187.62

4.31

191.93

5:075

*

•140

Total,

236.73

1918.

Total,

216.80

1917.

Increase

or

Decrease.

+ 19.93

:

:

I

1,526.71

1,273.68

132.42

87.93

335.44

2,231.30

33.37

2,264.67 101.605

194.59

1,773.00

29.53

1,802.53 81.485

+ 253.03

+ 44.49

...

+ 140.85 + 458.30 +

3.84 + 462.14 +20·120

103

"

7

Annexe D.

CITY AND HILL DISTRICT WATER WORKS, 1918. Particulars of Metered and Unmetered Supplies.

(Millions of Gallons.)

FILTERED SUPPLY.

UNMETERED.

METERED.

TOTAL

METERED

AND

MONTH.

UNFILTERED

SUPPLY

(Metered).

GRAND

TOTAL.

CITY.

UNMETERED.

CITY.

HILL

DISTRICT.

TOTAL.

Trade. Domestic.

January,

135.98

19.05

11.58

3.64

34.27

170.25

2.44

172.69

February,

117.86

19.35

13.29

3.40

36.04

153.90

2.00

155.90

March,

137.73

19.03

·

• 10.89

3.61

33.53

171.26

2.34

173.60

April,

134.41

19.80

13.69

3.09

36.58

170.99

3.50

174.49

May,

151.93

22.48

14.77

3.51

40.76

192.69

3.26

195.95

June,

126.29

20.18

13.88

3.59

37.65

163.94

2.75

166.69

July,

163.45

24.16

16.59

3.77

44.52

207.97

2.20

210.17

August,

162.02

23.94

15.65

4.24

43.83

205.85

1.14

206.99

September,

160.42

24.59

16.75

4.18

45.52

205.94

1.97

207.91

October,.....

.168.96

23.80

15.89

3.97

43.66

212.62

3.14

215.76

November,

143.43

25.38

16.11

3.35

44.84

188.27

4.32

192.59

December,

146.17

23.57

14.74

3.14

41.45

187.62

4.31

191.93

Total, 1918,

1,748.65

265.33

173.83

43.49

482.65

2,231.30

33.37

2,264 67

Total, 1917,

1,327.75

247.49

.160.81

36.95

445.25

1,773.00

29.53

1,802.53

Increase or Decrease,

...

+ 420.90 + 17.84 + 13,02 +

6.54

+ 37.40 + 458.30

3.84

+ 462.14

Q 104

Annexe E.

CITY AND HILL DISTRICT WATER WORKS, 1918.

Water pumped to Hill District and High Levels of the City (Millions of Gallons).

(Theoretical Displacement of Pumps.)

HILL DISTRICT.

HIGH LEVELS OF THE CITY.

GRAND

Q 105

MONTH.

700′ and 750′ TANKS. (Conduit & Peak Roads District.)

600′ and 650' TANKS, (Robinson Road District.)

TOTAL

Combined

Totals.

PUMPED,

Motor.

Engine.

Total,

Motor.

Engine. Total.

Motor.

Engine. Total.

January,

February,

March,.

April,

May,

June,

July,

August,

September,

October,

November,

December,

3.64

3.61

3.23

3.23

2.26

3.15

5.41

8.64

12.28

3.40

3.40

3.16

3.16

2.01

3.00

5.04

8.20

11.60

3.61

3.61

383

3.83

2.26

3 15

5.41

9.24

12.85

3.09

3:09

391

3.91

2.19

3.30

5.49

9.40

12.49

3.51

3.51

3.67

3.67

2.26

3.50

5.76

9.43

12.94

3.59

3.59

1.30

1.91

321

4.09

2.45

6.51

9.75

13.34

3.77

3.77

31

3.83

4.14

2.20

3.55

5.75

9.89

13.66

4.24

4.24

2.22

2.33

4.55

3.06

1.35

4.41

8.96

13.20

4.18

4.18

1.93

2.55

4.48

3.36

1.80

5.16

9.64

13.82

3.97

3.97

1 22

3.62

4.81

3.01

2.21

5.22

10.06

14.03

3.35

3.35

.52

2.59

3.11

2.57

1.96

4.53

7.64

10.99

3.14

3.14

1.03

2.18

3.21

3.06

1.72

4.78

7.99

11.13

Total, 1918,

43.49

43.49

8.53

36.81

45.34

32.36

31.14

63.50

108.84

152.33

Total, 1917,

36.95

36.95

24.28

24.28

41.63

34.72

76.35

100.63

137.58

Increase or Decrease,..

+ 6.54 + 6.54

+ 8.53

+ 12.53

+ 21.06

9.27

3.58

K

12.85

+

8.21 + 14.75

7

!

Annexes F, G, & J.

·VILLAGE AND WATER BOAT SUPPLIES, 1918.

Details of Consumption (Millions of Gallons).

106

F.

G.

SHAUKIWAN WATER WORKS.

ABERDEEN WATER WORKS.

Month.

J.

LAICHIKOK WATER BOAT

Metered

Supply.

Unmetered

Supply.

Total.

Sai Wan

Supply.

Grand

Total.

Metered Unmetered Supply. Supply.

Total.

SUPPLY

(METERED).

January,...

..0.42

.1.94

2.36

0.11

2.47

0.64

· 0.97

1.61

7:50

February,

0.68

1.05

1.73

0.09

1.82

0.56

1,31

1.87

7:53

March,.

0.53

1.42

1.95

0.05

2.00

0.50

1.55

2.05

.9.39

April,.

0.53

1.86

2.39

0.11

2.50

0.65

1.33

1.98

8.71

May,

0.51

2.82

3.33

0.27

3.60

0.68

1.52

2.20

9.07

June,

0.46

3.70

4.16

0.21

4.37

0.31

167

1.98

6:50

July,

0.61

3.93

4.54

0.18

4.72

0.46

1.37

1.83

6:52

August,.

0.55

3.63

4.18

0.47

4.65

0.42

1.36

1.78

6.51

September,

0.46

3.64

4.10

0.22

4.32

0.42

1.17

1.59

5.72

October,

0.56

3.84

4.40

0.23

4.63

0 60

125

1.85

7.38

November,

0.44

3.68

4.12

0.24

4.36

0.60

0.09

1.59

8.18

December,

0.46

3.27

3.73

0.24

3.97

0.55

1.29

1.84

8.49

Total, 1918,..

6.21

34.78

40.99

2.42

43.41

6.39

15.78

22.17

91.50

Total, 1917,...

4.63

34.38

39.01

1.45

40.46

8.05

12.18

20.23

108.61

Increase or Decrease,

+ 1.58

+ 0.40

+ 1.98

+ 0.97

+ 2.95

1.66

+ 3.60

+ 1.94

17.11

:

Annexe H.

KOWLOON WATERWORKS, 1918..

Contents of Reservoir and Details of Monthly Consumption (Millions of Gallons).

Metered Supply.

In Reservoir

Unmetered

Month.

Ist of Month.

Supply.

Grand

Total.

Remarks.

Trade.

Domestic.

Total.

January,

274.40

9.69

2.67

12.36

27.32

39.68

February,

237.64

9.41

3.00

12.41

21.60

34.01

1

March,...

205.52

9.32

2.73

12.05.

21.61

33.66

April,.

170.86

9.44

3.12

12.56

23.65

36.21

May,

June,

142.04

9.92

3.08

13.00

23.21

36.21

116.50

9.97

3.22

13.19

24.07

37.26

Constant supply

107

July,

282.73

9.58

3.75

13.33

26.29

39.62

throughout the

whole

T

August,

352.50

9.53

3.56

13.09.

26.53

39.62

year.

September,

352.50

9.41

3.73

13.14

26.48

39.62

October,

352.50

10.74

3.81

14.55.

25.07

39.62

November,

351.63

10.16

3.58

13.74

25.66

39.40

December,

349.89

9.83

3.27

13.10.

26.52

39.62

Total, 1918,

117.00

39.52

156.52

298.01

454.53

;

Total, 1917,

Increase or Decrease, ·

127.88

38.98,

166.86

280.63

447.49

:

10.88

+

.54

10.34

+ 17.38

+

7.04

:

108

Annexe K.

REPORT ON LAND SURVEY WORK FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31ST MARCH, 1919.

Two maps, numbered 1 and 2, accompany this report.*.

1. Organization.-The Land Survey Office, which at present includes a staff of 10 European Surveyors and 3 Junior Assistant Surveyors under the direction of an officer designated the Principal Land Surveyor, forms a branch of the Public Works Department.

The Principal Land Surveyor, in addition to supervising the usual survey work necessary in a rapidly-developing Colony, is the executive officer for dealing with all matters relating to Crown Lands, the whole of which are under the charge of the Director of Public Works. He submits reports on all applications for land, conducts all sales of areas to be let on long leases, prepares permits for temporary occupation of land and licences for temporary piers, and attends to the preparation of lease plans for lots of land, quarries, permanent piers, etc., and to the keeping of numerous records.

Two Land Bailiffs, whose time is wholly occupied in preventing illegal squatting and encroachment upon Crown Land, which are very common offences among the Chinese population, are attached to the office.

Two Computers, three Clerks, two Draughtsmen, and six Tracers, all natives, are employed in the office.

In addition to the above staff, there are 45 survey coolies receiving wages varying from $9.00 to $14.00 per month with allowances.

*Not reproduced.

2.-Survey Staff.

Office.

Name.

Rate of Salary.

Present Salary.

Allowance.

Date of

arrival in

Colony.

Principal Land Surveyor,

L. C. P. Rees.

£510 to £540 by triennial increments of £30.

£540 and £60 Duty Pay.

1st Grade Surveyor,

B. W. Grey.

£450 to £480 by | annual increments of £10.

£480 and £40 Duty Pay.

1st Grade Surveyor,

E. B. Reed,

P.A.S.I. (1)

£450 to £480 by annual increments of £10 commencing with £450 on 28-10-14.

£480 and £40

Duty Pay.

Date of

present

rank.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance and £60 per ann. duty pay 12 months after attain- ing maximum salary.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance and £40 per ann. duty pay 12 months after attain- ing maximum salary.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance and £46 per ann. duty pay

12 months after attain- ing maximum salary.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance and £40 per ann. duty pay 12 months after attain- ing maximum salary.

4-1-02.

4-1-02.

1-5-99.

1-1-13.

12-12-05.

1-1-13.

29-7-08.

1-1-13.

2nd Grade Surveyor,

F. Sutton,

F.8.1.(Col.)

£360 to £420 by annual increments of £10.

£420 and £40

Duty Pay.

(1) Seconded for Military Service from 21-4-16.

109

2.-Survey Staff-Continued.

Office.

Name.

Rate of Salary.

Present Salary.

Allowance.

Date of

arrival in

Colony.

Date of

present

rank.

2nd Grade Surveyor,

H. West, £360 to £420 by P.A.S.I. (1) annual increments of

£10.

£420.

$360 per ann, con- veyance allowance.

3-8-10.

3-8-13.

Assistant Surveyor, W. A. J. Cooper.

£330 to £420 by annual increments of £10.

£400.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance.

14-8-12.

14-8-12.

Do..

E. B. Lambert.

£330 to £420 by (2)| annual increments of £10.

£380.

$350 per anu. con- veyance allowance.

27-12-13.

27-12-13.

23-2-14.

23-2-14.

B.H.C.Hallowes

Capt. R.G.A. (3)

Do.,

H. H. Pegg.

£330 to £420 by (4) annual increments of £10.

£370.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance.

15-5-14.

15-5-14.

(1). Seconded for Military Service from 12-3-17.

(2)

(3)

Do.

do.

Do.

do.

Do.

do.

18-5-18.

10-10-14 without pay (Reserve of officers).

18-5-18.

i

Q110

*

1

111

Do.,

E. 'Larmour.

£330 to £420 by annual increments of £10.

£370.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance.

19-11-14.

19-11-14.

Do.,

F. W. Wood.

£330 to £420 by annual increments of £10.

£370.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance.

19-11-14.

19-11-14.

Do,

A. Anderson, B.A., B.E. (1)

£330 to £420 by annual increments of £10.

£370.

$360 per ann, con- veyance allowance.

19-11-14.

19-11-14.

Junior Assistant Surveyor,

Wong Hon.

$2,400 to $3,000 by biennial increments of $120.

$2,400.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance.

3-1-11.

1-1-19.

Do.,

Ng Ka-pni.

$1,440 to $1,800 by biennial increments of

$1,440.

$180 per ann. cón- veyance allowance.

1-2-11.

1-1-19.

$120.

Do.,

Wen Cho-

ming.

$1,440 to $1.800 by biennial increments of

$1,440.

$180 per aun, con-

14-6-16.

1-1-19.

veyance allowance.

$120.

(1) Seconded for Military Service from 1-3-17.

Office.

Name.

Allowance.

3.—Staff of Land Bailiffs, Computers, Clerks, &c.

Rate of Salary.

Present Salary.

Date of First Date of pre- Appointment. sent rank.

112

1st Grade Bailiff,...

F. II. Dillon,

£250 to £270 by one

£270.

triennial increment

of £20.

1st Grade Bailiff,. Computer,

Computer, Clerk, 3rd Grade,

Li Wen.

J. C. Mackay. Chan Pui-lau.

Do.

£270.

$360 per annum con- veyance allowance and free quarters. Do.

6. 6. 04.

1. 1. 15.

1. 10. 07.

1. 1. 15.

$360 to $840 by $60

$660.

1.

2. 13.

17. 8. 15.

annually.

Do.

$420.

19.

7. 17.

19. 7. 17.

Wong Yau-ming.

$960 to $1.200 by $120

$960.

9.

1. 06.

26. 4. 18.

biennially.

Clerk, 4th Grade,...... Chan Tin-fuk.

$720 to $900 by $60 annually.

$900.

21. 6. 09.

10. 4. 12.

Clerk, 5th Grade, ...... Lai Ming-kai.

$480 to $650 by $60 annually.

$660,

9. 8. 11.

25. 3. 12.

Draughtsman, 2nd Grade,

Draughtsman, 3rd Grade,

Tang Ngok-wan. $1,440 to $1.800 by $120 biennially.

$1,440.

28. 10. 05.

1. 1. 19.

Luk-kui.

$960 to $1,200 by $120 biennially.

$960

12. 9. 10.

1. 1. 19.

Tracer, 1st Class,

Lo Ka-tsok.

$720 to $900 by $60

$900.

1. 11. 06.

1. 1. 15.

annually.

Tracer, 2nd Class,..... Tang Ki-fan.

$480 to $650 by $6)

$540.

8.

9. 13.

1. 1. 19.

annually.

Tracer, Temporary,

Lo Nam-chui.

$480: no progressive

$480.

9. 6. 16.

9. 6. 16.

scale.

Tracer, Temporary,

Do Kam-loi.

Do.

...

$480.

13.

6. 16.

13. 6. 16.

Tracer, 3rd Class,

....

Tang Chi-lun.

$240 to $420 by $60

$420.

20.

2. 13.

20. 2. 13.

annually.

Tracer, 3rd Class,...... Fung-kun.

Do.

$360.

1. 6. 14.

1. 6. 14.

1.

Q 113

4. Cost of Office.--As the Survey Office forms part of the Public Works Department and is accommodated in the same building, the charges for numerous items such as lighting, heating, electric fans, etc., cannot be stated. Omitting these, the following is a statement of the cost:

Salaries,

Conveyance Allowances,

Wages for Coolies,

Land Survey Contingencies,

Transport & Travelling Expenses,

Incidental Expenses,...

Survey of Colony,

Surveying Instruments,

Furniture, ...

Rent Allowances,

$ 51,722.04

3,321.25

7,130.27

18.40

632.85

1,269.49

221.91

334.83 .

11.80

4,109.76

Total,...

$ 68,772.60

Plan (1).

Plan (2).

5. Trigonometrical Survey.-No trigonometrical work was carried out during the year.

6. Topographical and Cadastral Surveys.-About 32 miles of minor traverses have been run during the year, mostly in connection with carrying out and filling in the Ordnance Survey of the Colony. Such work has been greatly curtailed owing to the absence on Military Service of 4 members of the European Staff during the whole year, and of two other Europeans who left the Department for War Service during the early part of the year. Portions of the Eastern, Central and Peak Districts, covering an area of about 26 acres, were surveyed and plotted on the Ordnance Sheets on a scale of 50'=1".

At Repulse Bay, on the South side of Hongkong Island, a considerable area was surveyed and existing roads and streams shown on a plan-plotted to 50'1" scale with a view to laying out a site for a branch of the Hongkong Hotel and other building areas.

During the year a considerable amount of work was done in connection with the Shamshuipo Reclamation and laying-out scheme, which entailed the resumption of old village lots granted by the Land Court in 1903 and the valuation and subsequent demolition of structures thereon. In most cases where village lots were resumed an arrangement was arrived at with the owners whereby new lots on the lines of an approved and systematic laying out scheme were given in exchange for the old lots, plus the value of structures thereon. During the year, some 33 small holdings were thus "dealt and exchanged for 19 new lots, (known as New Kowloon Inland Lots) having a combined area of 105,751 square feet and bringing in an annual Crown Rent of $510.00. The boundaries of the new lots were all carefully surveyed and defined on the ground.

In addition to the above, 79 lots in Hongkong and Kowloon were surveyed and 299 boundary stones bearing the lot numbers were accurately fixed to define the boundaries thereof.

.་

Q 114

Surveys were also made for sale purposes of 28 lots in Hong- kong and Kowloon, covering an area of 605,694 square feet, which were put up to public auction and realized $150,151.65 in premium and $3,284 in Crown Rents An area of 348,480 square feet was surveyed in the Sheung Shui District, New Territories, which, at public auction, realized $6,970.00 premium and $400.00 Crown rent. At Kau Pa Kang in the New Territories a portion of the foreshore having an area of 618,000 square feet was set out and sold by public auction, realizing $30,900.00 in premium and $1,256.00 annual Crown rent.

The survey of Chai Wan Village consisting of about 30 acres of cultivated land and 70 houses was completed early in the year and plotted on a scale of 50

1".

A contour survey covering an area of some 20 acres, to the East of Yaumati Railway Station, was carried out in connection with a proposal to transfer the Diocesan Boys' School from the City of Victoria to Kowloon. An area of about 13 acres on the south-eastern slopes of Mount Davis was also surveyed and contoured in connec- tion with various applications for building sites in that vicinity.

year.

7. Maps published.-No new maps were published during the

8. Miscellaneous Matters.-The following plans were prepared for official use during the year:-105 lease plans (in triplicate), 17 sale plans (in duplicate), 512 tracings and 1,784 sunprints in connection with proposed sales, permits, etc., whilst 1,221 permits for temporary occupation of Crown land and 68 licences for tem- porary piers and slipways were issued.

9. The undermentioned officers were absent on leave during the year, viz. :-

Vacation Leave. Sick Leave.

Mr. L. C. P. Rees

9 days

Mr. B. W. Grey

6 months.

Mr. F. Sutton

2 days

Mr. W. A. J. Cooper

5 days

Mr. E. Larmour

7 days

:

Mr. F. W. Wood

28 days

21 days

Mr. Ng Ka-pui

9 days

Mr. Wen Cho-ming

5 days

Mr. F. H. Dillon

28 days

Mr. J. Mackay

3 days

HONGKONG, 3rd September 1919.

W. CHATHAM, C.M.G., M.I.C.E.,

Director of Public Works.

Appendix R.

REPORT ON THE GENERAL POST OFFICE, HONGKONG, FOR THE YEAR 1918.

1.-STAFF.

There were no changes in the senior staff throughout the year, the post of Assistant Postmaster General and the post of Superintendent of the Registration and Parcel Branches remained vacant, and the office was thus deprived of the services of two European officers.

Mr. J. H. Cooper, as I reported in my report for last year, rejoined his regiment, the 4th King's Shropshire Light Infantry, and went to the front. Mr. Cooper, I regret to report, was very severely wounded in the March offensive, his place however is being kept open for him. His regiment, the Shropshire Light Infantry, received the almost unique distinction of the "Croix de Guerre avec la Palme".

During the year, there were a few changes in the subordinate staff, three clerks were transferred to other Government Depart- ments, one was dismissed, and two were invalided from the Service. One Clerk was seconded for duty in the British Censorate at Shanghai.

2.-MAILS.

The number of mail bags and packets despatched from Hong- kong during the year amounted to 135,162, as against 123,691 in 1917, an increase of 11,471; the number received was 126,225 as against 116,047, an increase of 10,178.

The number of mail bags and packets sent in transit through the Colony amounted to 81,562 as against 69,540 in 1917, an increase of 12,022.

Boxes and Baskets in transit amounted to 11,307 as against 12,192 in 1917, a decrease of 885.

4,501 steamers carrying mails arrived and 5,697 left in 1918 as against 4,415 and 5,693 respectively in 1917.

Full details appear in Table I.

3.-REGISTRATION AND PARCELS.

Registered and insured articles handled by the General Post Office amounted to 862,626 as against 765,678 in 1917, an increase of 96,948.

Registered articles via Siberia amounted to 1,028 as compared with 32,012 in 1917, a decrease of 30,984.

החוריי

R 2

Full details appear in Table II.

Parcels, ordinary and insured, handled by the Post Office, amounted to 201,680 as compared with 135,163 in the previous year, an increase of 66,517.

Full details appear in Table III.

4. REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

Table IV contains a statement of Postal Revenue and Ex- penditure for the year.

The total revenue from the Postal Service in 1918 amounted to $427,132.88 being $23,263.01 more than that collected in 1917. The net expenditure, after deducting the sum of $70,276.74 (£12,591. 5s. Od. at 3/7 per dollar) refunded to this Colony by the Post Office of the United Kingdom in respect of the period 1st July, 1917, to 30th September, 1918, on account of the suspension of the P. & O. Mail Contract Service (Bombay- Shanghai Service) amounted to $156,107.69 being less than that of 1917 by $103,107.14 due to the high rate of exchange prevailing during the year, the refund referred to above, and also to the ex- pansion of postal business of every description. The balance of revenue over expenditure amounted to $271,025.19.

Table V shows the postage stamps, etc., of each denomination. issued for sale during the years 1917 and 1918.

Table VI shows the revenue and expenditure of the Post Office (exclusive of the Telegraph Sub-Department) for the ten years 1909 to 1918.

Table VII gives the revenue from the sale of Postage Stamps for the years 1916, 1917, and 1918. The increase of revenue from this source in the year 1918 over that of 1917 amounted to $16,000.33.

5. MONEY ORDERS.

Notwithstanding the continued restriction, throughout the year, of the issue of Orders on India, the amount being limited to Rupees 600 per week for any one remitter, the course of business in the Money Order Department during the year has shewn a steady increase both in inward and outward orders. For the purpose of comparison all figures are converted into sterling at the average rate for the year, the actual accounts are kept in many currencies. The total business transacted amounted to £261,252. 11s. Od. which is £18,619 more than the total for 1917, and is the largest amount of business as yet transacted in the Money Order Department. The previous highest total was £242,734. 1s. 9d. in

1916.

R 3

A profit of $32,490.96 was made on exchange transactions in respect of the year 1917 and was brought to account in January of 1918. The profit on exchange made during the year 1918 is in excess of this figure but as it was not paid in until January last it does not appear in the accounts for the year under review.

During the year 21 telegraphic orders amounting to £561 were received and 38 amounting to £669. 11s. Od. were despatched as against 6 for £195 received and 25 for £332. 3s. 4d. despatched during 1917.

The average cost of a telegraphic deferred rate message during the year was $9.60 as against $11.53 in 1917 but one order had to be sent at the full rate in April as the deferred rate was for a time suspended.

A decrease took place in the sales of British Postal Orders, which were £2,421 lower than in 1917. This was largely due to the rise in the rupee rate. For every £1 Postal Order a sum of 15 rupees could be obtained in India, but when the price of the rupee was raised to 1/6 only 13 rupees 5 annas could be obtained and the Indian troops in this Colony ceased buying Postal Orders. There was a small increase of £625 in the amount of British Postal Notes paid, and there was also an increase of $737 in the Local Postal Notè business.

Full details appear in Tables VIII, IX, and X.

6.

CHINESE CORRESPONDENCE.

Chinese Delivery Section General Post Office.

During the year. this section handled 1,665,540 ordinary letters, 100,407 other articles, and 7,055 postal hong packets as against 1,604,611 ordinary letters, 85,750 other articles, and 7,623 hong packets in 1917.

The registered articles delivered amounted to 228,222 of which 145,432 were from the United States and Canada and 82,790 from China and other countries, shewing a decrease of 3,615 as compared with 231,837 in 1917.

1917.

2,400 insured letters were dealt with as against 2,227 in

The total number of Chinese private boxes for which licences were issued during the year was 311, an increase of 3 as com- pared with 308 in 1917.

The licences of 22 Chinese Postal Hongs were renewed, a decrease of 2 as compared with 1917.

7. TELEGRAPH SUB-DEPARTMENT.

The revenue collected during the year from radio-telegrams amounted to $24,011.25 which is an increase of $699.70 on the amount collected in 1917. Advices of vessels signalled at the

Ꭱ 4 .

lighthouse yielded $437 and semaphore messages $5.35, making a total of $24,453.60 for the telegraphic service.

The expenditure amounted to $25,100.73. The number of radio-telegrams forwarded during the year was 1,117 consisting of 108,330 words as against 846 with 106,114 words in 1917, and 1,475 were received consisting of 19,243 words as against 1,028 with 13,853 words in 1917.

Details are given in Tables XI and `XII.

8.--MISCELLANEOUS.

This is the fifth report on the Post Office which has appeared since war broke out, and it is now possible to give some details as to the way in which the postal business of the Colony has been affected.

I give details in Tables XIII and XIV of all mails to and from the Colony which were destroyed by enemy action. In spite of many losses Hongkong may, I think, regard itself as fortunate, and in spite of these losses, and of difficulties of transit, there was during 1918 an increase in almost every branch of postal business.

The sale of stamps is a very fair index to the general amount of outward business done, and the sales during the year amounted to $373,463.31. During the year the privilege of free postage which was granted to all troops in the Command was continued, and 279,443 letters, 4,450 postcards, and 8,314 other articles were posted free. The loss to the revenue was $11,522.00. Now this sum of $11,522 must obviously be added to the $373,463.31 men- tioned above, if we wish to arrive at an estimate of the postal business transacted. This gives a total of $384,985.31 and this is the largest amount produced from the sales of stamps with the excep- tion of the year 1913 when the sales amounted to $397,083.40 but in that year the sales were abnormal for the George V issue of stamps was placed on the market and there were large purchases from stamp dealers.

During the year 1,064,306 articles were handled by the Regis- tration and Parcel Branch. This again is a record figure, the largest number handled previously being 1,026,558 in 1913.

In this connection I would like to mention that during the year no parcel or registered article was lost or stolen while in the custody of the Hongkong Posts. This reflects very great credit on all members of the staff concerned.

I have already mentioned that the Money Order transactions reached a higher figure than ever before, so also did the balance of profit on the year's working of the Post Office. I attach a Table which shews the Profit and Loss on the Post Office for the last twenty-five years,-Table XV.

The collapse of the Siberian Railway may be learnt from the figures of registered letters sent by that route. This service was started in 1909, when 24,024 registered letters were sent by this

R 5

The

route. In 1913 the number was 74,323 and then war came. numbers fell off and last year only 1,023 letters were sent by this route. In this connection I might mention that a mail was des- patched from London via Siberia dated from 14th January to 18th February, 1918. It is probable that this mail was not despatched at one time but contained several different despatches. A request was enclosed from the London Office, as often happens, that the date of receipt might be reported as soon as possible. This mail was received here on the 18th November via New York, having taken no less than 308 days to reach the Colony.

There was a great increase in the parcel business during the year, and for the first time the number of parcels sent to England exceeded the number received. In ordinary years we receive many more parcels from England than we send. The reason is obvious, for most Europeans here have purchases to make at home, while the parcels sent home are, generally speaking, gifts. High exchange always means an increase of parcels from home. Persons who have got accustomed to regard a pound sterling as ten dollars send home for an article which costs a pound when they can get it for five dollars odd. Therefore the high exchange in spite of submarine trouble kept the inward parcel business from gold countries in a healthy condition.

In spite of high exchange the number of parcels despatched to England was greater than ever before. This in no way weakens the fact that high exchange promotes inward and discourages out- ward parcels. It was entirely due to war conditions. During the year 6,622 parcels of tea and sugar weighing 32,668 lbs. or in other words about 14 tons were sent as gifts by people in this Colony to their friends at home. The vast bulk of these parcels were sent through Messrs. Lane, Crawford & Co., and I should like to place on record my appreciation of the loyal manner in which they have in all cases abided by my decision with regard to regula- tions, which were at times hard to understand.

In consequence of the offensive by the Germans in March the despatch of parcels via Canada had to be discontinued, as all available space was required for military purposes. This route, which was only started in 1917, had proved very popular, but it ceased to exist as from the 10th May, and it has not been possible to renew this service.

On the 30th May arrangements were made with Messrs. Butterfield & Swire for a parcel service by steamships of Messrs. A. Holt's Company. This service has afforded people in this Colony a regular means of sending parcels home at pre-war rates. I wish to thank Messrs. Butterfield & Swire for the extreme promptitude with which they placed this service at the disposal of the Colonial Posts.

The Shanghai-Bombay section of the P. & O. Contract Mail Service was suspended throughout the year.

i

་་་་་་་་་་

- R 6

In February the rate on postcards sent to China was raised from 1 cent to 14 cents in order to conform to the Chinese domestic

rate.

The year under review was the twentieth anniversary of the introduction of penny postage from Hongkong to Great Britain and vice versa. During the year the rate of postage was raised to 1d. in Great Britain as a war measure, but our 4 cent rate had been raised to a little more than this amount by the high rate of exchange. The 4 cent rate has therefore been maintained.

S. B. C. Ross, Postmaster General.

6th July, 1919.

Table I.

Mails Received aud Despatched during the years 1917 and 1918.

For H.M.

For Foreign

Sent in Transit

Steamers

To and From Hongkong. Ships on China Men-of-War. through Hongkong. Carrying Mails.

Station.

Loose

Bags Boxes

Bags. Packets.

Letter

Bags.

Bags.

and

Boxes.

and

Packets. Baskets.

Arrivals. Depar-

tures.

Received in 1918,

118,651

7,574

639

1,092

632

Received in 1917,

107,522

8,525

666

1,036

782

11,129

56

951

27

150

...

4,501

4,415

86

1,191

684

920

780

81,562 11,307 69,540 12,192

5,697

5,693

11,147

324

271

12,022

4

...

96

885

Increase,

Decrease,......

Despatched in 1918,

134,241

921

Despatched in 1917,

123,094

597

Increase,

Decrease,

R7-

:

Table II.

Statistics of International and Hongkong Registered Correspondence and Insured Letters for the year 1918.

Description of Correspondence.

International and Local.

Comparison with 1917.

Total 1918. Total 1917.

Despatched.

Received.

Increase.

Decrease.

Insured Letters,

2,206

3,937

Registered Articles,.......

344,904

510,551

6,143

855,455

5,942

201

727,724

127,731

Registered Articles viâ Siberia,.

412

616

1,028

. 32,012

30,984

Total,..

347,522

515,104

862,626

765,678

127,932

30,984

Total Increase of 96,948 Articles.

R 8

Table III.

Statistics of International and Hongkong Registered Parcels for the year 1918.

Description of Parcels.

International and Local.

Comparison with 1917.

Total 1918. Total 1917.

Despatched.

Received.

Increase.

Decrease.

Insured Parcels viâ Gibraltar,.......

Insured Parcels via Brindisi,

Insured Parcels via Marseilles,

Ordinary Parcels viâ Gibraltar,

240

1,748

1,988

2,341

7,547

8,401

15,948

14,350

1,598

Ordinary Parcels viâ Brindisi,

Ordinary Parcels viâ Marseilles,

.....

Cash on Delivery Parcels,

101

101

91

10

America, Manila, and Honolulu Parcels,

2,342

12,252

14,594

12,665

1,929

French Parcels by French Ships,

1,200

1,200

1,105

95

Indian Insured Parcels,

528

1,119

Australian Parcels,

3,296

1,661

Indian Ordinary Parcels,..

1,740

3,667

Japanese Parcels,.......

3,249

164,647

104,243

60,404

18,234

Miscellaneous Parcels,.

89,563

41,590

Parcels viâ Siberia, Parcels viâ Canada,.

3,202

3,202

368

2,834

f

353

Total,.

111,707

89,973

201,680

135,163

66,870

353

Total Increase of 66,517 parcels.

R 9

Table IV.

Revenue and Expenditure.

Post Office.

Expenditure.

Receipts.

1917.

1918.

Increase. Decrease.

1917.

1918. [Increase. Decrease.

Sale of Postage Stamps,

357,462.98 373,463.31

16,000.33

Carriage of Mails :-

Unpaid Postage,

Box-holders' Fees,

3,558.66 3,211,78 7,525.06 7,935,07 410.01

346.88

Share of '. & O. Mail Subsidy,

69,135.55

69,135.55

Transit Charges,

33,927.69

27,724.20

Commission on Money Orders and Postal Notes,.

Working Expenses,

155,795.83 | 151,410.01

6,203.49

4,385.82

9,302.83 8,320.06

982.77

Profit on Exchange on Money Order transactions,

Interest on Money Order Funds, Void Money Orders and Postal Notes,

Total Receipts,

Refund by the United King- dom of the amount paid by the Colony in respect of the P. & (). Mail Sub- sidy from the period from 1st July, 1917 to 30th September, 1918. (£12,591 5s. Od. at 3/7d. per dollar).

Total,.

$ 403,869.87 427,132.88 | 24,592.66 | 1,329.65

70,276.74

Ј

...$ 403,869.87 |497,409.62

Special Expenditure:--

24,397.91 32,490.96 8,093.05 1,566.82 1,584.11 17.29

Parcels Office Fittings,..

151.76

55.61

127.59

71.98

Purchase of Typewriter, Purchase of Safe,

204.00

- 151.76

204.00

R 10

1

323.00 323.00

Total Expenditure,

$ 259,214.83 | 179,457.21 323.00 80,080.62

Share of P. & O. Mail Subsidy,

1st January to 30th September, 1918.

46,927 22

Profit,

144,655.04 | 271,025.19 |

Total...

.$ 403,869.87 | 497,409.62

R 11

Table V.

Postage Stamps, etc., issued for sale in Hongkong during the years 1917 and 1918,

Denomina- tion.

1917.

1918.

Increase + Decrease

Postage Stamps,

I

cent. 546,417

544,796

1,621

2 cents. 4,151,029 4,496,160 +345,131

|

4

""

"

2,057,482 2,075,756 + 18,274

75,483

63,874 11,609

46,975

52,080 + 5,105

19

10

1,041,150

1,050,960 + 9,810

25

22 *

12

2,098

2,098

20

40,383

52,080 11,697

+

23,351

"

36,448 + 13,097

30

19

29

35,328

55,440 20,112

+

50

39

40,828

99

47,416 6,588

+

-

1 dollar.

18,790

"2

A

21,174 + 2,384

2 dollars.

7,601

""

8,706 +

1,105

3

2,729

""

>>

3,136 +

407

5

2,758

""

3,240 | +

482

10

5,375

5,455 +

80

""

Books of Stamps,...

1 dollar.

4,221

3,678

543

Post Cards,

1. cent.

89,047

52,755

36,292

1

1층

19,000

+ 19,000

2

cents.

142

142

呼吁

4

23,777

23,540

237

""

166

166

23

""

...

Newspaper Wrappers,

~

13,974

">

21,600 +

7,626

Postage Envelopes, ....

11,881

11,400

481

""

Registration Envelopes,.... 10

33

14,037

16,475 +

2,438

R 12

M

Table VI.

Revenue and Expenditure for the years 1909 to 1918.

Post Office.

Year.

Total Revenue.

Total Expenditure.

Profit +

Loss

Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

C.

C.

$

C.

%

1909...... 444,046.58

1910...... 519,066.54

1911...... 399,217.15

510,729.99

66,683.41

115.01

470,984.35

422,267.97

+ 48,082.19

90.74

23,050.82

105.77

"

1912...... 401,054.32

1913...... 439,189.37

1914...... 398,426.38

1915...... 368,457.77

1916...... 401,742.33

1917...... 403,869.87

1918...... 427,132.88

296,867.12 + 104,187.20

622,587.51

74.02

.

183,398.14

141.76

371,646.06 + 26,780.32

93.27

403,609.02

35,151.25

109.54

308,136.33 + 93,606.00

76.70

259,214.83

+ 144,655.04

64.18

156,107.69

+ 271,025.19

36.54

1

R 13

Table VII.

Comparative Table. of Revenue from Sale of Postage Stamps

during the years 1916, 1917, and 1918.

Month.

1916.

1917.

1918.

$

$

January,

31,449.44

31,906.38

34,583.80

February,

23,783.76

28,296.55

26,743.58

March,

29,754.27

32,692.21

32,902.48

April,

26,207.25

28,944.54

31,731.90

May,

30,243.53

32,486.02

31,535.55

June,

28,955.15

29,091.75

27,758.60

July,

29,243.00

30,521.65

31,227.25

August,...

28,131.04

29,839.34

31,461.35

September,

30,071.83

26,595.17

28,702.70

October,

29,996.20

28,643.40

31,911,50

November,

35,393.72

29,974.25

30,445.90

December,.

32,635.36

28,471.62

34,458.70

:

Total,... $355,864.55

$357,462.98.

$373,463.31

Table VIII.

Money Order Transactions during 1917 and 1918.

R 14-

1918.

1917.

Increase.

Decrease.

Country.

. Orders

issued.

Orders paid.

Orders

issued.

Orders paid.

Orders

issued.

Order's

Orders paid.

issued.

Orders paid.

United Kingdom, Queensland,

New South Wales,

£ s. d. £ s. d. 12,411 17 2 27,305 10 9

£

s. d.

£ s. d.

£

s. d.

9,340 9 9

24,303 5 0

3,071 7 5

£ s. d. 3,002 5 9

£

s. d.

£

s. d.

98 2 10 19,349 14

9

108 2 5

20,214 19 8

9 19 7

865 4 11

1,441 10 5

6,604 18

9

1,318 7 6

8,047 18 7

123 2 11

1,442 19 10

Victoria,

375 2 1

1,147 19

9

408 2 4

1,539 14 2

33 0 3

391 14 5

South Australia,.

23 5 10

Tasmania,

71 13 0

New Zealand,

84 10 8

1,835 6

282 11

1,616 9

8

149 2

5

2,167 7 4

125 16 7

332 0 8

0

16 15 0

257 19 5

54 18 0

24 11 7

5

61 13 1

1,908 10 5

22 17 7

292 1 0

Western Australia,

90 17 1

3,132 15 9

162 16 10

3,811 19 3

Union of South Africa,

33 13 1

1,029 1 0

79 18 0

1,874 6 6

71 19 9

46 4 11

679 3 6

United States of America,.

2,542 9 0 10,098 14 11

1,555 2 5

16,508 12 9

987 6 7

845 5 6 6,409 17 10

Canada,

Philippine Islands,...

416 3

444 7 3

17,437 8 10

276 7 4

4,654 6 3

139 15 9

7,104 18 0

286 13 0

2,798 2 6

157 14 3

Japan,

37,751 8 8

5,295 16 11

38,007 10 11

5,151 10 3

Straits Settlements,

Federated Malay States,

Carried forward,

2,328 18 10 469 19 5 .£58,583 18 5162,264 1 8 53,723 17

4,910 10 11 9,944 12 9

1,658 15

294 0

6

4,385 11 3

670 3 4

2,783 2 7 4,306 15 6 144 6 8

524 19 8

256 2 3

8

11,724 9 6

175 18 9

1,779 16 9

2109,348 12 10 | 5,403 4 710,786 1 9

543 3 413,038 4 5

1

Table VIII,-Continued.

Money Order Transactions during 1917 and 1918,—Continued.

-R 15-

1918.

1917.

Increase.

Decrease,

Country.

Orders

issued,

Orders paid.

Orders

issued.

Orders paid.

Orders

issued.

Orders paid.

Orders

issued.

Orders paid.

£

£

Brought forward, British North Borneo,

Sarawak,

93 0

s. d. £ 58,583 18 5 162,264 1 8 53,723 17 7

414 18 2,030 5.8 84 12 6 41 1 7

S.

S.

d

£ s. d.

£

S.

d. £

S.

d.

£

8.

d.

£

5.

d.

2 109,348 12 10 |

5,403 4

7 10,786 1 9

543 3 4 13,038 4

1,605 16 5

967 12 9

Siam,

14 2

60 17 9

46 5 6

Macao,

1,054 2 9

731 11 8

506 15 11

Shanghai,

13,239 11

+

Agencies in China,

8,319 8 7 14,740 11 12,618 8 9

8

423 9 0

46 3 1

249 15 6

5,945 12 6

330 6 1

51 19 0

424 9 3

544 3 9

547 6 10

14 14 8

481 16 2

32 3 6

11,336 18 5

India,

25,045 19 5

26,054 14 6 22,677 11

9

Ceylon,

171 9 5

2,524 17 1

French Indo-China,

371 6 10

1,789 1 0

419 4 3

128.15 9

242 11

1

Base Post Office,

40 13 9

2,403 16 1 1,501 0 4 1,281 10 4 18,920 18 4 2,368 7 87,133 16 2 1,489 6 0 889 12 1

7 15 8

1,035 11 1 899 8 11

32 18 1

247 14 10

Total,

.£98,988 9 4|162,264 1 8 | 92,368 16 1150,263 19 10) 8,943 15 3 25,038 6 3 2,324 2 0 13,038 4 5

£261,252 11 0

£242,632 15 11

£33,982 1 6

Net Increase,

£18,619

15 1

1.**

* P

” - - ; * " "...

£15,362 6 5

Table IX.

British Postal Orders issued and paid at Hongkong, and at Agencies in China.

ORDERS ISSUED.

R

– Ŕ 16

VALUES.

Amount.

S.

d.

d.

Ꮥ . d.

0

6

1

0

1

ཀུ་

S.

d.

S. d.

S.

d.

S.

d.

S.

d.

6

6

0

10

0

10

6

20

0

£

s. d.

Total in 1918,

. 426

1,485

1,062

1,278

5,023

2,184

322

5,305

7,396

20

Total in 1917,

683

1,969

1,402

1,711

2,606

2,691

440

7,155

9,817 11 0

Total in 1918,...

Total in 1917,...

...

:

:

ORDERS PAID.

:

T:

:

:

:

:

:

No. of Notes.

Amount.

£

S.

d.

15,585

13,067

7

15,297

12,441

18

11

:

:

:

}

Table X.

Statement of Local Postal Notes issued at Hongkong at the Agencies in China.

25 cts.

50 cts.

$1.00

VALUES.

$2.00

$3.00

$4.00

$5.00

$10.00

Amount.

Total in 1918,

445

658

555

633

602

570

1,447

2,687

40,452.25

Total in 1917,

426

605

507

622

693

604

1,260

2,676

39,715.00

-R 17 -

Message Fees :-

Receipts.

?

Table XI.

Revenue and Expenditure-Telegraph Sub-Department.

1917.

1918.

$

Expenditure.

1917.

1918.

Radio telegrams,

23,311.55

24,011.25

Semaphore telegrams,"

2.50

5.35

Working Expenses :-

Personal Emoluments:

Staff, G. P. O.,

7,229.62

7,955.50

Messages notifying vessels passing

Staff (Naval), Cape D'Aguilar

lighthouses,

503.35

437.00

Station 15th July, 1915, to

31st December, 1916,

17,905.71

1st January to 30th September,

1917,

9,659.39

1st October, 1917, to 30th Sep- tember, 1918,

11,839.65

Incidental Expenses, .

54.10

39 65

Stores and Repairs,

4,209.52

5,150.51

Uniforms for Messengers,

117.04

115.42

Total,

.$ 23,817.40 24,453.60

Total,

39,174.38

25,100.73

- R 18

- R 19

Table XII.

Revenue and Expenditure for the years 1915 to 1918.

Telegraph Sub-Department.

Year.

Total Revenue.

Total Expenditure.

Profit +

Loss

Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

C.

c.

%

1915, 15th July to 31st

December,

2,623.30

4,112.07

1,488.77

156.75

1916.

9,188.49

10,846.21

1,657.72

118.04

1917.

23,817.40 39,174.38

15,356.98

164.