Administrative Reports - 1917

ADMINISTRATIVE REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1917

Table of Contents

1 Finances

2 Trade and Shipping, industries, Fisheries, agriculture and Land

3 Legislation

4 Education

5 Public Works

6 Government and aided institutions

7 Institutions Not Supported By Government

8 Criminal and Police

9 Vital Statistics

10 Postal and Telegraph Services

11 General Observations

A Financial Returns

A(1) Finances

B Assessment

C Secretariat for Chinese affairs

D Harbour office

E Imports and Exports office

F Royal Observatory

G Supreme Court

H Police Magistrates' Court

I Land office

J New Territories

K Police and Fire Brigade

L Prison

M Medical and Sanitary

N Botanical and forestry

O Education

P Volunteer Corps (Not Published)

Q Public Works

R Post office

S Railway

 




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F

"

HONGKONG.

REPORT ON THE BLUE BOOK FOR 1917.

I.-FINANCES.

The revenue for the year amounted to $15,058,105 being $1,816,105 more than the estimate and $1,224,718 more than the re- venue for the previous year.

Compared with the returns for 1916 there were increases under every head with the exception of Light Dues, Rent of Government Property, and Land Sales.

The expenditure amounted to a total of $14,090,828, inclusive of a sum of $1,567,907 spent on Public Works Extraordinary, and one of $2,000,000 being a contribution to the Imperial Government for war expenses.

The detailed figures for 1917 are set out in the following

statements :-

HEADS OF REVENUE.

$

Light Dues -

68,657

Light Dues, Special Assessment

79,810

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise

specified

11,770,514

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific

purposes, and Reimbursements in Aid

934,836

Post Office

A

427,687

Kowloon-Canton Railway

428,246

Rent of Government Property, Land, and

Houses

955,560

Interest

64,700

Miscellaneous Receipts

167,081

TOTAL, (Ordinary),-

14,897,091

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

161,014

TOTAL,

$ 15,058,105

to

The total expenditure brought to account amounted $14,090,828 being $1,694,673 more than the estimate, and $3,010,913 more than the expenditure in 1916. Compared with the estimates there were decreases under 19 heads as against 5 heads where there were increases. The excess amounting to $2,648,503 under Miscel- laneous Services was due to the war contribution stated above, in addition to another contribution ($504,984) referred to below; grants in aid of sufferers by the disasters at Tientsin and Halifax; expendi-

ture on houses and house allowances; and other miscellaneous items. Military Expenditure was larger than the estimate by $41,788 on ac- count of the Revenue for 1916 having been under-estimated.

The Harbour Department spent $15,123 extra, chiefly for acquisition of buoys in the Harbour and repairs to Launches; and the items Public Works Recurrent and Extraordinary were responsible for an excess of $87,544 between them. Decreases were mostly due to savings on Personal Emoluments and high exchange.

EXPENDITURE.

$

Governor

80,406

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legis-

lature

67,600

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

51,867

Audit Department

31,821

Treasury

63,246

Harbour Master's Department

205,317

Imports & Exports Department

716,011

Royal Observatory

26,891

Miscellaneous Services-

3,362,716

Judicial and Legal Departments

244,024

Police and Prison Departments

834,948

Medical Departments

229,490

Sanitary Department

-

405,032

Botanical and Forestry Department

51,315

Education

-

331,471

Military Expenditure -

2,813,700

Public Works Department

402,772

Do.

Recurrent

609,308

Do.

Extraordinary

1,612,835

Post Office

324,393

Kowloon-Canton Railway

Charge on account of Public Debt

436,196

888,896

Pensions

Charitable Services

TOTAL,

261,980

38,593

$ 14,090,828

The balance to the good on the year's working was $967,277, and the assets and liabilities account showed on the 31st December a credit balance of $3,268,062.

The following is a statement of the revenue and expenditure of the Colony for the five years 1913-1917:-

Revenue.

Expenditure.

$

$

1913

8.512.308

8,658,012

1914

11,007,273

10,756,225

1915

11,786,106

15,149,267

1916

13,833,387

11,079,915

1917

15,058,105 14,090,828

:

3

The amount of the consolidated loan stands at £1,485,732. Against this there is at credit of the Sinking Fund a sum of £258,162. The Local Loan under Ordinance No. 12 of 1916 amounts to $3,000,000 and there is a sum of $200,000 at credit of Sinking Fund.

Under Ordinance No. 18 of 1917 a tax of 7% on Assessments was imposed to provide an Annual Contribution to the Imperial Government for purposes of the war. Collection thereunder began on the 1st July and the sum collected for the half year was $504,984.

For the year commencing 1st July, 1917, the existing valuation was adopted, the difference in rateable value being the result of interim-assessments and appeals.

Increases:

The City of Victoria, $79,170 or 0'67%.

The Hill District, $2,470 or 0.76%.

Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, and Quarry Bay, $8,007 or 2:07%. Hongkong Villages, $6,325 or 3'08%.

Yaumati, $570 or 0.16%. Mongkoktsui, $12,895 or 6·10%. Kowloon Point, $13,300 or 2.14%. New Kowloon, $4,855 or 457%. Kowloon Villages, $535 or 0.57%. Decrease:

Hung Hom and Hok Un, $160 or 0·05%.

The rateable value of the whole Colony amounted to $14,410,153 being an increase of $127,967 or 0·89%.

There were 22 appeals against the adopted assessments of 57 tenements, and reductions aggregating $11,320 in rateable value were made by order of the Court.

For the period 1908-1917 the assessment of the whole Colony has risen from $10,816,753 to $14,410,153, an increase in rateable value of 33 22%.

The circulation on the 31st December of notes of the three Banks having authorised issues was as follows :-

Hongkong & Shanghai Bank,

Chartered Bank of India, Australia, & China, Mercantile Bank of India,

$21,433,096

6,577,429

1,149,504

$29,160,029

The currency of the Colony consists, in addition to the notes of these Banks, of British, Hongkong, and Mexican Dollars and of subsidiary coin, which continued at par throughout the year.

The total issue of subsidiary coins, less those demonetized, now amounts to $21,264,370 nominal value, and they were up to the year 1905 readily absorbed at par, large quantities being taken by the neighbouring provinces of China. During 1916 ten cent pieces of the face value of $5,028,000 were shipped to England for purposes of demonetization. The discount which prevailed between 1905 and 1916 may be attributed to the immense quantity of similar coin which

was minted at Canton as well as to the amount of Hongkong coin minted largely in excess of the needs of the Colony by itself. In 1905 the Hongkong Government ceased to issue any subsidiary coin and in 1906 it began a policy of demonetising all its subsidiary coin received as revenue. This policy has been continuously followed since except during a brief period in 1911. Coin to the face value of $22,735,459 has thus been redeemed. The total issue by the Hongkong Government was of the face value of about $44,000,000.

II-TRADE AND SHIPPING, INDUSTRIES, FISHERIES, AGRICULTURE, AND LAND.

(a.)--SHIPPING AND TRADE.

The total of the Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1917 amounted to 621,090 vessels of 34,105,067 tons, which, compared with the figures for 1916, shows a decrease of 21,704 vessels, with a decrease of 2,276,390 tons.

Of the above, 48,026 vessels of 20,547,119 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade, as compared with 48,350 vessels of 22,308,311 tons in 1916, and were distributed as follows:-

1916. Numbers.

1917. | 1916.

Numbers.

Tonnage.

1917. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going ships, 7.7%

6.3%

30.8%

25.3 %

Foreign Ocean-

going ships,

78

86

30.7

346

British River

Steamers, ...

14.6

13.8

18.5

19.5

Foreign River

Steamers, ... 4.7

34

4.7

4.1

Steam Launches

(under 60

tons),

13:3

13.6

10

0.9

Trading Junks, 519

543

14:3

156

100'0

100·0

100.0

100·0

N.B.-The movements of Fishing Juuks are not included in this table.

Of vessels of European construction, 3,570 Ocean Steamers, 3 Sailing Ships, 4,135 River Steamers, and 3,223 Steamships not ex- ceeding 60 tons entered during the year, giving a daily average of 299 ships, as compared with 319 in 1916, and 316 in 1915.

The average tonnage of individual Occan Vessels entering the Port has increased from 2,238 9 tons to 2,2649 tons. That of British Ships has decreased from 2,5597 tons to 2,472′0 tons, while that of Foreign Ships has increased from 2,032:2 tons to 2,0420 tons.

The average tonnage of individual River Steamers entering during the year has decreased from 453′0 tons to 3102 tons.

was minted at Canton as well as to the amount of Hongkong coin minted largely in excess of the needs of the Colony by itself. In 1905 the Hongkong Government ceased to issue any subsidiary coin and in 1906 it began a policy of demonetising all its subsidiary coin received as revenue. This policy has been continuously followed since except during a brief period in 1911. Coin to the face value of $22,735,459 has thus been redeemed. The total issue by the Hongkong Government was of the face value of about $44,000,000.

II-TRADE AND SHIPPING, INDUSTRIES, FISHERIES, AGRICULTURE, AND LAND.

(a.)--SHIPPING AND TRADE.

The total of the Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1917 amounted to 621,090 vessels of 34,105,067 tons, which, compared with the figures for 1916, shows a decrease of 21,704 vessels, with a decrease of 2,276,390 tons.

Of the above, 48,026 vessels of 20,547,119 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade, as compared with 48,350 vessels of 22,308,311 tons in 1916, and were distributed as follows:-

1916. Numbers.

1917. | 1916.

Numbers.

Tonnage.

1917. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going ships, 7.7%

6.3%

30.8%

25.3 %

Foreign Ocean-

going ships,

78

86

30.7

346

British River

Steamers, ...

14.6

13.8

18.5

19.5

Foreign River

Steamers, ... 4.7

34

4.7

4.1

Steam Launches

(under 60

tons),

13:3

13.6

10

0.9

Trading Junks, 519

543

14:3

156

100'0

100·0

100.0

100·0

N.B.-The movements of Fishing Juuks are not included in this table.

Of vessels of European construction, 3,570 Ocean Steamers, 3 Sailing Ships, 4,135 River Steamers, and 3,223 Steamships not ex- ceeding 60 tons entered during the year, giving a daily average of 299 ships, as compared with 319 in 1916, and 316 in 1915.

The average tonnage of individual Occan Vessels entering the Port has increased from 2,238 9 tons to 2,2649 tons. That of British Ships has decreased from 2,5597 tons to 2,472′0 tons, while that of Foreign Ships has increased from 2,032:2 tons to 2,0420 tons.

The average tonnage of individual River Steamers entering during the year has decreased from 453′0 tons to 3102 tons.

That of British River Steamers has decreased from 5112 tons to 503 3 tons, and that of Foreign River Steamers has increased from 364 tons to 393.2 tons.

A comparison between the years 1916 and 1917 is given in the following table:-

1916.

1917.

Increase.

Decrease.

Class of Vessels.

No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going, ForeignOcean-

going, British River Steamers, Foreign River Steamers, Steamships

3,721 6,868,743 3,004 5,768,058

3,797 | 6,859,349 4,140 7,121,490

717

700,685

343 262,141

7,017 4,127,051

2,288 1,039,197

6,665 3,999,587

1,619 842,696

352

127,514

669

196,501

under60 tons

6,450

212,350 6,531

198,060 81

22,290

(Foreign

Trade),

Junks, Foreign

25,047 3,201,621| 26,067 3,217,278 | 1,020

15,657

Trade,

Total, Foreign

Trade,

48,320 22,308,311 | 48,026 20,547,119 1,444 277,798 1,738 1,046,990

team Laun-

ches plying

Steam

in Waters of 558,988 | 12,632,776 548,536 12,423,736

Colony,

Junks, Local

|*35,456 | *1,440,370 †24,528 †856,170

10,452 209,010

10,921 583.990

Trade,

Grand Total.... 642,764 36,381,457 |621,090|33,827,325| 1,444| 277,798|23,111 [1,840,020

Net Decrease,........

21,667 1,562,222

* Including 10,082 Conservancy and Dust Poats of 503,932 tons.

"

11,988

of 665,548

"

::

::

This table shows a decrease in British Ocean-going Shipping of 717 ships, or 238 per cent. and a decrease of 700,685 tons, or 13.8 per cent. This is due to a larger number of coasting steamers and regular lines to India and other countries being chartered by the Government, and employed in other waters.

British River Steamers have decreased by 352 ships and 127,514 tons, or 52 per cent in numbers and 3-2 in tonnage. This is to the Shun Lee and Wa Sun trading between Ports outside the Colony for the most part of the year.

Foreign Ocean-going Vessels have increased by 343 ships of 262,141 tons or 83 per cent. in numbers and 3'6 per cent. in tonnage. This is explained by a small increase in Chinese, French, Portuguese and United States ships of smaller tonnage and a large increase in Dutch ships of a larger tonnage.

Foreign River Steamers show a decrease of 669 ships of 196,501 tons or 413 per cent. in numbers and 233 per cent. in tonnage.

This is due to the Shing Cheong and Luen On being taken off the run early in the year and since sold.

In Steamships not exceeding 60 tons employed in Foreign Trade there is an increase of 81 ships and an increase of 22,290 tons or 13 per cent. in numbers and 112 per cent. in tommage. This is due to a greater demand for towage of junks to Canton with coal and rice.

Junks in Foreign Trade show an increase of 1,020 vessels of 15,657 tons or 39 per cent. in numbers and 49 per cent. in tonnage. This increase may mostly be put down to a greater demand on the carriage of coal to Canton formerly carried by ocean steamers.

In Local Trade (i.e., trade between places within the waters of the Colony), there is a decrease in Steam Launches of 10,452 vessels with a decrease in tonnage of 209,040 tons or 19 per cent. in num- bers and 16 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to the increase in Foreign Trade and to several launches being laid up as the owners found it too expensive to run them on account of the high cost of coal.

Junks show a decrease of 10,921 vessels and 583,990 tons or 445 per cent. in numbers and 682 per cent. in tonnage. This is chiefly due to reclamation of foreshores in the Colony being at a standstill on which to a great extent this trade depends, a number of stone junks being laid up.

The actual number of individual Ocean-going Vessels of European construction during 1917 was 750 of which 259 were British and 491 Foreign. In 1916 the corresponding figures were 717, 281 British and 436 Foreign.

These 750 ships measured 1,642,911 tons. They entered 4,023 times and gave a collective tonnage of 6,150,334. Thus 33 more ships entered 262 more times, and gave a collective tonnage reduced by 704, 830 tons, an average of 2,690-2 tons per entry.

Thus:

Flag.

Steamers.

No. of Times entered.

Total Tonnage.

1917.

Steamers,

British

Sailing Ships, Steamers,

2

271

268

1916. | 1917. 1916. 1917. 1916.

281 257 1,858 1,501 3,424,457 2,582,521

9871,507 2,104,307 2,110,499

2

3,205

Japanese

Sailing Ships,

1

1

1

1

Norwegian,

37

164

75

75 138 168,156 165,536

Chinese,

54

305

328

306,793

335,475

Danish,

4

4

6

13,440

16,360

Dutch,

24

42

135

156

359,713

427,585

French,

19

24

134

155

269,437 250,831

Portuguese,

5

15

101

142

48,151

67,972

Russian,

12

16

5

16,642

6,721

Siamese,

1

810

4,072

Swedish,

8

4

24,582

10,825

U.S.A. Steamers,

24 36

47

74

118,601

164,792

Italain...

1

1

3,420

No Flag,

1

445

Total,.

717

750 3,7614,023 6,855,164,6,150,334

The 259 British ships carried 2,184 British officers and 58 Foreign officers, the latter consisting of 16 Norwegians, 13 Americans, 8 Danes, 5 Swiss, 7 Japanese, 4 Dutch, 2 Belgians, and 3 Russians.

Thus the proportion of Foreign officers in British ships was 265 per cent., comprising 8 nationalities, an increase of 44 per cent, with a decrease in numbers of officers and ships.

The 491 Foreign ships carried 3,432 officers, of whom 58 were British, as follows:-

In Chinese ships

Japanese ships-

31

French ships

Russian ships

United States ships

"}

1916.

1917.

19

42

4

0

2

0

15

11

69

58

Thus, 16 per cent of the officers serving in Foreign ships were of British nationality, with a decrease in the number of officers and an increase in the number of ships.

The Nationality of the Crews in British and in Foreign Ships was as follows:-

VESSELS.

BRITISH CREW.

AMERICANS

AND

ASIATICS.

EUROPEANS.

1916. 1917. 1916. 1917.

1916. 1917. 1916. 1917.

British, 281 259 16,902 12,889 533 699 126,283 106,555

Foreign,. 436 491 1,078 1,026 10,640 12,030 110,982 123,219

Total,

717 750 | 17,980 13,91511,173 12,729 237,265 229,774

Hence in British ships:-

And in Foreign ships: -

1916.

1917.

1916.

1917.

11.76 %

10.72 % of the crews were British.

0.88 %

075% of the crews

were British.

0:37 %

0.58% of the crews were other Europeans.

8.67 %

8.83% of the crews

were. other Europeans.

87.87 %

89-70 % of the crews were Asiatics.

90.45 %

90.42% of the crews

were Asiatics.

TRADE.

As pointed out in previous years the figures which are given are meagre, and of little value, being derived from reports of ship masters which are given in round figures and several items of cargo are only entered under the heading "General".

In a few cases, I can however give more accurate figures and these are:--

1916.

IMPORTS.

These show an increase of 123,025 tons compared with the year

Increases are shewn under the headings :-Coal, Kerosene Oil in bulk, Sandalwood, Sugar, and General, while decreases are shewn in Beans, Cotton Yarn, Cotton, Hemp, Flour, Kerosene Oil (in cases), Liquid Fuel, Rattan, Rice, and Timber.

Beans. A decrease of 1,106 tons is shown which is due to general shortage of tonnage.

Coul.-There is an increase of 208,154 tons over the last year which is due to local and Canton manufacturing concerns and also the Kowloon-Canton Railway laying in stocks as protective measure against advancing prices due to shortage of tonnage.

Cotton Yarn and Cotton.-Once again there is a decrease of 8,511 tous due to general shortage of tonnage.

Flour. The decrease of 4,069 tons is due to Chinese flour competition and high prices ruling for American and Canadian pro- duct, also shortage of tonnage and high freight.

Kerosene Oil.There is an increase of 9,263 tons shown in bulk due to a greater demand from the various coast ports which are supplied from this port.

Liquid Fuel.--A decrease of 1,604 tons due to the scarcity of tank steamers.

Rice. A decrease of 54,691 tons due to shortage of tonnage.

Timber. A decrease of 17,319 tons chiefly accounted for by the stoppage of Oregon Pine through high rates of freight, Philippine Hardwood being used instead.

Opium.--The imports and exports of certified opium during the year are as follows:

Malwa.

Chests.

Import,......

Patna. Chests.

7

Benares

Total.

Chests.

Chests.

7

Export,......

81

103

40

224

Of these however the imports all came from Shanghai, and of the total export of 224 chests, 186 went to Shanghai.

Seven hundred and forty (740) chests of Persian opium were imported during the year and 745 chests were exported to Formosa.

"

9

Nine hundred and ten (910) chests of uncertified Indian opium were imported: 410 chests by the Government Monopoly and the remaining 500 chests for the Macao Opium Farmer.

The table below shows the total imports and exports since

1909 :-

Stock in hand on

1st January, Imported during

the year,

1917. 1916. 1915. 1914. 1913. 1912. 1911. 1910. 1909.

Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests.

9773|1,808

1,657 1,706

2,2561 1,580) 5,560 7,587 7,123 4,509 5,808

1,873 | 3,059, 9,188 12,361421,286 31,743 35,734

Total,...... 2,634||3,0094| 4,129|| 7,640 14,668119,9481 28,409 36,252 41,542

Boiled by Opium

Fariner,

36

667 1,113 761

782 1,044

Boiled by Govern-

ment,

352 365

340 413

Spurious

Opium

destroyed,

13

17

19

Missing or stolen,

I

I

1

14

51

9

Exported during

the year,

1,469 | 1,667

Total,..........

2,469 4.911| 9,419 18,264120,061 28,333 35,938

1,835 2,032 2,826 5,383 10,088 14,388420,822 29,129 37,033

Stock remaining on

31st December,.. 7999773 1,303 2,256, 4,580 5,560 | 7,587 | 7,123 4.509

General Cargo.-The increase of 22,703 tons is due to a greater number of Dutch and American steamers now trading with this port.

The number and tonnage of ships of European type construc- tion carrying cargo for export and transit compared with 1916 are as follows:-

1916.

1917.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonuage

Steamers,......

3,760 6,855,089 3,570 6,147,051

River Steamers, 4,669 2,583,229 4,131| 2,416,387

Sailing Vessels, 1

75

190 707,035

538: 166,842

75

Total,... 8,430| 9,438,393|7,702| 8,563,516

728 874,877

Net Decrease,..

728 874,877

10

EXPORTS.

The corresponding figures relating to ships of European type of construction, exporting cargo and shipping bunker coal are as follows:-

1916.

1917.

Increase.

Decrease.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

Steamers,

8,758 | 6,873,003| 3,571 | 6,139,214

187 733.789

River Steamers, 4,666 2,583,019| 4,153|| 2,415,846

Sailing Vessels, 1

513

167,173

75

75

Total.... 8,245 || 9,456,097 | 7,724 8,555,060

701

901,037

Net Decrease,

701

901 037

Exported 2,514,331 tons including River Trade as compared with 2,606,264 tons in 1916.

1916.

1917.

Increase.

Decrease.

Strs.

Bunker Coal.

Strs.

Bunker Coal.

Strs. Bunker | Strs.

Bunker Coal.

Steamers,

3,758

River Steamers, 4.666

457,580 3,571

84,096 4,153

407,395

76,582

Total.... 8,424 511,676 7,724 483,977

Net Decrease,.....

:

187

50,185

503

7,514

690 57,699

690 57,699

Exports show a decrease of 7,142 tons.

Transit Cargo.—A decrease of 809,984 tons is shewn under this head.

Emigration and Immigration.

Ninety-six thousand two hundred and ninety-eight (96,298) emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1917, (117,653) in 1916. Of these, 59,285 were carried in British ships, and 37,013 in foreign ships.

2

Ninety-eight thousand two hundred and thirty-two (98,232) re- turning emigrants were reported to have been brought to Hongkong from the several places to which they had emigrated either from this Colony or from Coast Ports, as against 72,405 in 1916. Of these, 55,028 arrived in British ships and 43,204 in foreign ships.

Statement of Number of Emigrants to Straits Settlements, 1909 to 1917, compared with Total Chinese Emigration.

No. of Emigrants

to

Total No. of

Straits Settlements.

Emigrants.

1909,

48,016

77,430

1910,

76,705

111,058

1911,

100,906

135,565

1912.

84,024

122,657

1913,

102,353

142,759

1914,

44,974

76,296

1915,

41,278

68,275

1916,

82,797

117,653

1917.

63,292

96,298

the

(b.)—INDUSTRIES.

(i.)-Under European Management.

Engineering and Shipbuilding.-The figures are as follows for years 1916 and 1917 :--

Macdonald & Co.,..

Taikoo Dockyard and Eng. Co., Ld.,... 6

Kwong Fook Cheong,

Kwong Hip Lung Co., Ld.,

Kwong Sing Loong,.

W. S. Bailey & Co.,

Hop On,.

Kwong Lee,

Kwong Man Sang,

Tung Shing,

Kwong Hop Loong,

Ah King,

Sum Kee,

1916.

1 vessel of

23 gross tons and

80 I.H.P.

"}

8,814

"

""

6,800

641

752

"

"

""

""

521

462

"2

""

22

1

36

"}

12

449

45 620

43

56

11

>>

""

1

16

24

دو

"

"

2

136

178

1

多少

"

75

92

"

"J

11

32

44

1

""

15

23

56

54

22

22

"

1

"

28 32

50 120

"

Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co., Ld., 2

Total,.

Taikoo Dockyard and Eng. Co., Ld.,.... Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co., Ld., A King, Sum Kee,

W. S. Bailey & Co.,

54 vessels of 10,902 gross tons and 9,377 I.H.P.

1917.

4 vessels of 8,919 gross tons and 5,850 I.H.P.

7

""

22

3

14,954 112 42 65

"J

22

"

"J

وو

9,400

""

96

56

27

105

"J

21

Total,..

26 vessels of 24,092 gross tons and 15,507 I.H.P.

The increase of tonnage built by the Taikoo Dockyard and Engineering Co., Ltd., is due to the building of vessels for the Straits Steamship Co. The Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co. had several large vessels building, which are not shown in the return.

12

Sugar Refineries.-During 1917 the general shortage of tonnage available for the carriage of Java sugars was responsible for an accumulation of unprecedented stocks in godowns in Java, causing a slump in prices which involved severe losses to holders. One result in China--Hongkong's main market-was a shortage of Javas, which was in part responsible for the strong demand for Hongkong Refineds which obtained throughout the greater part of the year. Prices in China ruled low, governed mainly by the influx of heavy shipments of Japanese sugars, and the prevailing high rate of silver exchange which benefited Japan. Offtake of local Refineds would have been considerably greater but for the incidence of political unrest in China during the last two months of the year. India and the Persian Gulf have continued to draw substantial supplies from Hongkong.

Cotton Yarn.-During the twelve months under review, trade was *smaller in volume than the previous year, due to war conditions, but the monetary turnover could scarcely have suffered owing to the enormous advance in values, and taken all round the importers and dealers had a successful year.

The year opened with the American Cotton in Liverpool at 1063 pence per lb., and closed at 22-84, and although this was offset to some extent by a corresponding rise in Exchange from 2/4 to 3-, scarcity of tonnage caused restricted importations and helped to bring about the high level of prices.

The political troubles in China had a depressing influence on trade, and with prices in some instances almost double pre-war days, the offtake was considerably reduced.

The Japanese and Shanghai Mills continued to extend their operations in the South as well as in other parts of China.

Rope Making. The demand for Manila Cordage was fairly good throughout the year and the total turnover showed a slight improve- ment on that of the previous twelve months but business in this commodity was greatly hampered by the high cost of raw material and difficulty of obtaining freight room even at enhanced rates.

Cement Making.-The demand continued good during the year 1917 although there were difficulties in obtaining freight room and the high exchange adversely affected business with gold standard countries. Owing to the high price of raw materials it was neces- sary to raise selling prices but in spite of this the turnover compares favourably with 1916.

Tin.--The business in this commodity considerably increased in comparison with 1916, the demand from Europe and America being much greater. Imports from Yuunan in 1917 amounted to about 11,000 tons and from Kwangsi to about 200 tons, as against 3,000 tons and 1,000 tons respectively in 1916.

During the year about 200 tons were exported to Japan, 1,400 tons to Shanghai and other China Coast Ports, and 13,000 tons to Europe, Canada, and the United States of America.

=

T

13

Rattan and Fibre Furniture.-The value of rattan and fibre furniture exported in 1917 declined to $200,000 from about $600,000, owing to the scarcity of tonnage and the enormous increase in freight rates. Materials for making up this furniture were, however, exported in larger quantities; rattan canes to the value of about $1,500,000, and grass and reed to the value of about $130,000 were shipped as against $500,000 and $80,000 re- spectively in 1916.

Native Tobacco.--The total quantity imported into the Colony was smaller than that in 1916, but prices were much better.

Tinned Goods.-The volume of business done in 1917 was about the same as in 1916. The large increase in the cost of tinplates was counterbalanced by greater demands and by increase in the prices of the goods.

Samshu.--The volume of business done in the year was about the same as in 1916.

Vinegar. The business was about the same as in 1916.

Knitted Vests and Socks.-The value of business done was about the same as in 1916, though the quantities sold showed a decrease owing to enhanced cost of materials.

Leather and Hides.-Business, most of which was done with Europe and America, showed an increase of about 30%.

Ginger and Preserves.--This business has further declined by about 50%, as compared with 1916.

Soy. About 950 casks were exported in 1917, as compared with 4,100 casks in 1916.

Paper.-Business in this article maintained the same level in 1917 as in 1916, though prices went up by about 33%. Of the papers imported in the year, about one-third was of Japanese manufacture.

Vermilion-The business done in 1917 amounted to about $600,000 as compared with about $900,000 in 1916. The decrease was mainly due to the high price of quicksilver which is the principal ingredient used in the manufacture of this article.

Lard.--There were great demands from both Europe and South America with the result that the business was increased to nearly twice as much as that in 1916.

(c.)-FISHERIES.

A considerable proportion of the boat population of Hongkong supports itself by deep-sea fishing, in which pursuit a large number of junks are engaged. The villages of Aberdeen, Stanley, Shauki- wan, and also many in the New Territories, are largely dependent upon this industry for their prosperity. Fresh water fish is im- ported from Canton and the West River. There are oyster beds of considerable value in Deep Bay.

15

Lot No. 1358, $11,050 on the sale of Inland Lot No. 2234, and $8,507 on the sale of Kowloon Inland Lot No. 1352.

In the New Territories the net amount received for premium on sales of land was $11,622, being a decrease of $133,213 on the preceding year.

The number of deeds registered in the Land Office was 2,824 or 154 more than the preceding year, the total consideration being $42,666,837 as against $42,201,549 in 1916.

The Government resumed several large areas during the year, viz., Morrison Hill and an adjoining Lot; also some Lots at the Peak in connection with the Scheme for providing Quarters for Government. Officers.

The total area of land granted during the year was 143 acres of which 122 acres were situated in the New Territories; the total area of land resumed was 91 acres.

In the Northern District of the New Territories large areas of salt water marshes situate in the North West Corner were being negotiated for: the transaction had not been completed at the end of the year. The demand for land reached its usual level, shewing a slight increase on all previous years except 1916.

In the Southern District the demand for land has been about the same as in previous years.

III.--LEGISLATION.

Thirty-two Ordinances were passed during 1917 of which twelve were amendments of previous Ordinances.

The most important matters with which these Ordinances dealt were the Crown Land Preservation (No. 6), Liquors (No. 24), Deport- ation (No. 25), Opium (No. 27), Ferries (No. 28), Importation and Exportation (No. 30), and Fire and Marine Insurance Companies Deposit (No. 32).

The following Ordinances in connection with the war were enacted:

The Alien Enemies (Winding up) Amendment (No. 11), Trading with the Enemy and Export of Prohibited Goods (No. 15), Rating (Special War Rate) (No. 18), Military Service (No. 19), Legal Proceedings against Enemies (No. 22), and Contracts (War Restrictions) (No. 31).

IV.-EDUCATION.

No important changes have taken place in the Education Department during the year under review. The Staff has been depleted by causes due to the war, but the deficiency has been met in part by the appointment of Mistresses resident in the Colony.

15

Lot No. 1358, $11,050 on the sale of Inland Lot No. 2234, and $8,507 on the sale of Kowloon Inland Lot No. 1352.

In the New Territories the net amount received for premium on sales of land was $11,622, being a decrease of $133,213 on the preceding year.

The number of deeds registered in the Land Office was 2,824 or 154 more than the preceding year, the total consideration being $42,666,837 as against $42,201,549 in 1916.

The Government resumed several large areas during the year, viz., Morrison Hill and an adjoining Lot; also some Lots at the Peak in connection with the Scheme for providing Quarters for Government. Officers.

The total area of land granted during the year was 143 acres of which 122 acres were situated in the New Territories; the total area of land resumed was 91 acres.

In the Northern District of the New Territories large areas of salt water marshes situate in the North West Corner were being negotiated for: the transaction had not been completed at the end of the year. The demand for land reached its usual level, shewing a slight increase on all previous years except 1916.

In the Southern District the demand for land has been about the same as in previous years.

III.--LEGISLATION.

Thirty-two Ordinances were passed during 1917 of which twelve were amendments of previous Ordinances.

The most important matters with which these Ordinances dealt were the Crown Land Preservation (No. 6), Liquors (No. 24), Deport- ation (No. 25), Opium (No. 27), Ferries (No. 28), Importation and Exportation (No. 30), and Fire and Marine Insurance Companies Deposit (No. 32).

The following Ordinances in connection with the war were enacted:

The Alien Enemies (Winding up) Amendment (No. 11), Trading with the Enemy and Export of Prohibited Goods (No. 15), Rating (Special War Rate) (No. 18), Military Service (No. 19), Legal Proceedings against Enemies (No. 22), and Contracts (War Restrictions) (No. 31).

IV.-EDUCATION.

No important changes have taken place in the Education Department during the year under review. The Staff has been depleted by causes due to the war, but the deficiency has been met in part by the appointment of Mistresses resident in the Colony.

16

The total number of pupils at schools in the Colony excluding the Police School and the uncontrolled schools in the New Terri- tories are:-

Number of Pupils.

English

Vernacular

Total.

Schools.

Schools.

Government Schools,

2,757

2,757

Military Schools,

100

100

Excluded Private Schools,

683

28

711

Grant Schools,

1,775

1,672

3,447

Controlled

Private

Schools,

2,734

12,575

15,309

Controlled

Private

Schools, New Terri-

tories,

1,186

1,186

Technical Institute,

425

425

Total, -

8,474

15,461

23.935

The most important schools, apart from the excluded schools, are Queen's College for Chinese, four District Schools its feeders, and the Belilios Public School for Chinese girls. There is an Indian School of growing importance now housed in a new building pre- sented to the Colony by Sir Ellis Kadoorie. Kowloon School and Victoria School for children of British parentage have an average attendance of about 120. There is also a school for the children of the Peak District. The Diocesan School and Orphanage and St. Joseph's College are important boys' schools in receipt of an annual grant. The Italian, French, and St. Mary's Conrents, and the Diocesan Girls' School, are the most important of the English Grant Schools for girls.

The Hongkong Technical Institute affords an opportunity for higher education of students who have left school. Instruction was given in 1917 in Mathematics, Machine Drawing, Architectural Design, and Building Construction; in Chemistry, Physics, and Electricity; in Commerical English, Logic, and Political Economy; in French, Shorthand, and Book-keeping; and in Translation from and into Chinese. Classes in Sanitation (Public Hygiene) are also held, the examinations being conducted under the auspices of the Royal Sanitary Institute, London. Classes for Men and Women Teachers, both "English" and "Vernacular ", are a feature of the Institute.

The Lecturers are recruited from the members of the Medical and Educational faculties of the Colony, and from the Department of Public Works, and receive fees for their services. The Institute is furnished with a well equipped Chemical Laboratory and excellent Physical apparatus.

The Hongkong University is an institution that arose from the joint enterprise of British and Chinese subscribers. It was founded

17

with funds representing about equal proportions of Chinese and British money.

At the end of the year the number of students was 186, 84 of whom were taking the Engineering Course, 65 Medicine, and 37 Arts. While most of the students have studied in Hongkong schools, a number come from Canton, the Coast Ports of China, and the Straits Settlements.

The idea of the University is to provide, close to China, education for Chinese similar to that given in the British Univer- sities, but at a much cheaper cost; for if a Chinese goes abroad to be educated he has to pay, besides travelling expenses, some $2,000 per annum; whereas at Hongkong the expenses of the University are $540 per annum for board and tuition, or, including extras, from $600 to $650.

The founders of the University took into consideration the fact that Chinese students being educated abroad have usually to make their own arrangements for board and lodging. Consequently sometimes they contract irregular habits. All students educated at the Hongkong University are required to become boarders, and thus their whole lives are under supervision whilst they are there. Ample provision is made for indoor and outdoor recreation, and in this connection it is interesting to note that the Chinese residents of Hongkong recently subscribed a large sum for levelling a new playing field and that the work has just been completed.

The University is composed of three Faculties: 1.-Medical, which offers ample facilities for the practice of medicine. The anatomical laboratories were the gift of a Cantonese gentleman (Mr. Ng Li-hing). There is a large staff of instructors in medicine and all the principal medical practitioners in Hongkong give lectures at the University. 2.-Arts. The establishment of this Faculty was largely due to the munificence of a Chinese gentleman in the Straits Settle- ments (Mr. Cheung Pat-sze). Its special object is to provide train- ing suitable to those who desire to enter the public service or the higher branches of mercantile life. The course of instruction comprises English and Chinese literature, political and constitutional history, political economy, jurisprudence, and international and commercial law. 3.-Engineering. Nearly one-half of the students belong to this Faculty. It is divided into three branches-Civil, Electrical, and Mechanical. The University has an exceptionally large equipment of machinery and apparatus, and has fourteen laboratories and workshops. There is practically no place in China where students have such an opportunity of seeing all kinds of machinery in actual working and of learning their practical manage-

ment.

The University insists upon all students having a proper knowledge of their own language although instruction at the University is carried out in English. Students are required to pass an examination in written Chinese before entering, and two Chinese Professors, both Hanlin graduates, give lectures on the classics and history of China.

18

V.-PUBLIC WORKS.

Two properties in the Hill District (R.B.L.'s 19 and 120) were acquired by Government as official residences for the Chief Justice and the Colonial Secretary.

The large extension of the Central Police Station, begun in 1916, was continued during the year, but progress was seriously interfered with by the difficulty in obtaining the iron girders and stanchions required.

The erection of a market at Shamshuipo was undertaken and was well advanced by the close of the year.

The large water works scheme at Tytam Tuk including a storage reservoir (capacity 1,419 million gallons); 2 sets of pumping machinery, each capable of raising 3 million gallons per day a height of 400 feet; the laying of suction and delivery mains and other subsidiary works were completed.

The construction of the additional service reservoir and filter beds for the supply of the western section of the City was continued, the work being well advanced by the close of the year.

A new road past Aberdeen Village and extensive improvements of the old road in the neighbourhood of the Aberdeen Docks were in progress. The road from Deep Water Bay to Repulse Bay was widened and otherwise improved to render it available for motor traffic. A new road from the north end of the Tytam Tuk dam to Tytam Gap was begun.

In the New Territories, great improvements were effected in that portion of the Taipo Road between the 5th and 9th milestones. The widening to 20 feet of the road between San Tin and Au Tau was completed and the widening to 16 feet of the remaining length of road to Castle Peak Bay was nearly completed. A new road, 20 feet in width, from the 3rd milestone on the Taipo Road to beyond Tsun Wan Village, was undertaken and was well advanced by the close of the year. This road will be extended along the coast to Castle Peak Bay where it will join the road which runs ria Fanling, Au Tau, and Un Long to the same bay.

The training of the extensive system of nullahs in Sookumpoo Valley was completed, the entire valley being filled in to a suitable level for the formation of a public recreation ground.

The lower yard of the Gaol was covered over, thus affording a valuable addition to the space available for exercise.

Inland Lots 84 and 1918, which comprise nearly the whole of Morrison Hill, were resumed by Government with a view to the cut- ting away of the hill in order to obtain material for the projected Praya East Reclamation Scheme.

Two new streets (Mallory Street and Landale Street), extending from Praya East to Wanchai Road and Queen's Road East respective- ly, were resumed by Government. The lane, hitherto known as Tsui In Lane, was widened to 30 feet-the necessary area being resumed from M.L. 23-and was re-named Anton Street.

18

V.-PUBLIC WORKS.

Two properties in the Hill District (R.B.L.'s 19 and 120) were acquired by Government as official residences for the Chief Justice and the Colonial Secretary.

The large extension of the Central Police Station, begun in 1916, was continued during the year, but progress was seriously interfered with by the difficulty in obtaining the iron girders and stanchions required.

The erection of a market at Shamshuipo was undertaken and was well advanced by the close of the year.

The large water works scheme at Tytam Tuk including a storage reservoir (capacity 1,419 million gallons); 2 sets of pumping machinery, each capable of raising 3 million gallons per day a height of 400 feet; the laying of suction and delivery mains and other subsidiary works were completed.

The construction of the additional service reservoir and filter beds for the supply of the western section of the City was continued, the work being well advanced by the close of the year.

A new road past Aberdeen Village and extensive improvements of the old road in the neighbourhood of the Aberdeen Docks were in progress. The road from Deep Water Bay to Repulse Bay was widened and otherwise improved to render it available for motor traffic. A new road from the north end of the Tytam Tuk dam to Tytam Gap was begun.

In the New Territories, great improvements were effected in that portion of the Taipo Road between the 5th and 9th milestones. The widening to 20 feet of the road between San Tin and Au Tau was completed and the widening to 16 feet of the remaining length of road to Castle Peak Bay was nearly completed. A new road, 20 feet in width, from the 3rd milestone on the Taipo Road to beyond Tsun Wan Village, was undertaken and was well advanced by the close of the year. This road will be extended along the coast to Castle Peak Bay where it will join the road which runs ria Fanling, Au Tau, and Un Long to the same bay.

The training of the extensive system of nullahs in Sookumpoo Valley was completed, the entire valley being filled in to a suitable level for the formation of a public recreation ground.

The lower yard of the Gaol was covered over, thus affording a valuable addition to the space available for exercise.

Inland Lots 84 and 1918, which comprise nearly the whole of Morrison Hill, were resumed by Government with a view to the cut- ting away of the hill in order to obtain material for the projected Praya East Reclamation Scheme.

Two new streets (Mallory Street and Landale Street), extending from Praya East to Wanchai Road and Queen's Road East respective- ly, were resumed by Government. The lane, hitherto known as Tsui In Lane, was widened to 30 feet-the necessary area being resumed from M.L. 23-and was re-named Anton Street.

20

At the end of 1916 it was decided to close the Capital Account and in future to charge all expenses other than Working Expenses to the head of Special Expenditure. The actual Special Expenditure during the year amounted to $101,460.48 and has been added to the Capital Account which now stands at $14,812,377.77 Main Line and Fanling Branch $89,808.57.

The Working Expenses. amounted to $337,431.48 and when compared with Gross Receipts show a decrease the percentage being 78-79 against 8102 for 1916.

The Revenue derived from Local Traffic amounted to $119,397.09 or $470.17 less than the previous year while the Local Goods Traffic has increased from $7,706.81 to $9,985.88 and the sundry receipts amounted to $4,096.52 more than in 1916 which is due to the inclusion of rents collected in respect of reclaimed land let at Hung- hom and to wharfage fees.

Through and Joint Sectional Coaching Traffic Receipts show a marked increase of $41,763.98. This improvement is due to a great extent to the increase in certain Joint Sectional fares from May 1st and also to a greater number of passengers travelling than in 1916.

The condition of the Goods Traffic has improved, the receipts being $33,770.69 as against $18,407.50 for the previous year.

The Gross Receipts for the year were $428,246.46 as against $366,215.67 for 1916, an increase of $62,030.79. The balance after paying working expenses stands at $90,814.98 or $21,290.94 more than the previous year.

The Through and Joint Sectional Passengers carried were as follows:-

Passengers booked by Stations in British Territory to Stations in China,..

Passengers booked by Stations in China to Stations in British Territory,

1915. 1916. 1917.

271,382 307,310 309,394

326,839 344,220 352,008

VI.-GOVERNMENT AND AIDED INSTITUTIONS.

(a.)-HOSPITALS.

Government Hospitals consist of the Civil Hospital, to which is attached an isolated Maternity Hospital, the Victoria Hospital for Women and Children, and the Kennedy Town Infectious Dis- eases Hospital. There is an Observation Station capable of accom→→ modating 1,500 persons in the event of an outbreak of infectious disease on board a ship arriving in the Harbour.

The Civil Hospital contains 150 beds in 19 wards. 3,292 in- patients and 13,065 out-patients were treated during 1917 as against 3,058 and 12,620 respectively, in 1916. 361 cases of

22

Infectious Diseases Hospital entailed, four District Plague Hospitals are now maintained by the Chinese in various parts of the Colony. These hospitals are under the management of the Chinese Public Dispensaries Committee and receive a grant of $2,000 a year from the Government.

The new Kwong Wa Hospital for Chinese in the Kowloon Peninsula was opened on the 9th October, 1911. It occupies a site having an area of 3 acres and provides accommodation for 210 patients. The existing buildings contain 70 beds and 2,388 patients were accommodated during 1917. The collection of subscriptions and the supervision of the building were undertaken by a special committee under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. The hospital receives a grant of $8,500 per annum from the Government.

As will be noticed from the remarks made under the heading Education the Hongkong University is an Aided Institution.

VII.-INSTITUTIONS NOT SUPPORTED BY GOVERNMENT.

One of the most important institutions in the Colony not sup- ported by the Government is the Matilda Hospital, which stands on a commanding site of nearly three acres at Mount Kellet in the Hill District. An account of this hospital will be found in last

· year's report.

Among institutions recognised and encouraged, but not to any considerable extent supported by Government may be mentioned the Pó Leung Kuk, the Eyre Refuge, the City Hall, and the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

The Pó Leung Kuk is a Chinese Society founded in 1878 for the suppression of kidnapping and traffic in human beings. It was incorporated in 1893 and is presided over by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs and not more than nine directors nominated by the Governor. The actual management is entrusted to a committee elected annually by the members of the Society. The Society's buildings have been declared a Refuge under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance, and almost all women and girls detained by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under that Ordinance are sent to the Pó Leung Kuk. During 1917 the number of persons admitted was 451 and at the close of the year 51 remained under the care of the Society. The inmates are under the immediate charge of a Chinese matron, and instruction is given them by the matron and a Chinese teacher in elementary subjects and in needlework.

The Eyre Diocesan Refuge is an institution, under mission auspices, founded for rescue work among the Chinese. It was housed in the Belilios Reformatory up to the outbreak of war, but the work is at present carried on at Kowloon City. A small grant is made by the Government.

!

23

The City Hall receives an annual grant of $1,200 from Government. It contains a theatre, some large rooms which are used for balls, meetings, concerts, etc., a museum in which are some very fair specimens, and a large reference and lending library, to which new volumes are added from time to time, as funds will allow. The building was erected in 1866-9 by subscription.

Small grants are also given to the Italian Convent, the French Convent, (both of which take in and tend abandoned or sick infants), the West Point Orphanage, the Seamen's Hospital, and other charitable institutions.

The Chinese Public Dispensaries are institutions maintained in order to provide the Chinese with the services of doctors, whose certificates will be accepted by the Registrar of Deaths, and with the services of interpreters, who can assist the inmates of houses, where a case of infectious disease has occurred. Coolies are engaged and ambulances and dead vans provided in order to remove cases of in- fectious disease to the Infectious Diseases Hospital and dead bodies to the Mortuary. The Dispensaries receive sick infants and send them to one or other of the Convents and arrange for the burial of dead infants. Free advice and medicine are given and patients are attended at their houses. There are eight Dispensaries in existence. The total cost of maintenance, which is defrayed by voluntary sub- scription, was $38,355.32 for the year 1917. The Dispensaries are conducted by committees under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

VIII. CRIMINAL AND POLICE.

There

The total of all cases reported to the Police was 9,508, being a decrease of 1,811 or 16 per cent. as compared with 1916. was in 1917 a decrease in serious offences of 93 or 2·64 per cent. as compared with the previous year. The number of serious offences reported was 126 over the average of the quinquennial period com- mencing with the year 1913. The number of minor offences reported shows a decrease of 1,718 as compared with 1916 and was 841 below the average of the quinquennial period.

The total strength of the Police Force in 1917 was Europeans 160, Indians 481, Chinese 588, making a total of 1,229 (as compared with 1,215 in 1916) exclusive of the five superior officers and staff of clerks and coolies. These figures include police paid for by the Railway and other Government Departments. Of this force 15 Europeans, 137 Indians, and 33 Chinese were stationed in the New Territories during the year.

Up to the end of the year one Assistant Superintendent, one Probationer, and 59 members of the Hongkong Police Force had enlisted for active service.

21

The following members of this Force were killed while on active service during the year:-

P.C. A 124 Ernest Frederick Drury, K.R.R., killed on 17.2.17.

A 155 Robert Edwards,

""

A 120 Edward Charles Silliss,

R.F.C., K.R.R.,

>

A 81 John Delahunty,

I.G.,

>>

30.4.17.

1.8.17.

9.10.17.

:

Five were killed in 1916 and one (E. Bloor) is a prisoner in Germany.

The District Watchmen Force, numbering 100, to which the Government contributes $2,000 per annum, was well supported by the Chinese during the year. These watchmen patrol the streets in the Chinese quarter of the City. They are placed on police beats and are supervised by the European police on section patrol.

The total number of persons committed to Victoria Gaol was 3,386 as compared with 4,169 in 1916. Of these 1,734 were com- mitted for criminal offences, against 1,588 in 1916. Of committals for non-criminal offences there were 226 less for hawking with- out a licence, and 12 more for unlawfully boarding steamers, than in 1916.

The daily average of prisoners confined in the Gaol was 600, the average for 1916 being 638, and the highest previous average being 726 in 1904. The percentage of prisoners to population, according to the daily average of the former and the estimated number of the latter, was 0.11. The average percentage for the last ten years was 0-12. Owing, however, to the large floating population, which is constantly moving between the Colony and Canton, the percentage of crime to population does not convey an accurate idea of the comparative criminality of the residents of the Colony. The Gaol has accommodation for 707 prisoners.

The prison discipline was satisfactory, the average of punish- ments per prisoner being 1-36 as compared with 134 in 1916 and 141 in 1915.

Long sentence prisoners serving two years and upwards are taught useful trades, including printing, book-binding, tin-smithing, mat-making, tailoring, carpentering, etc. The profit on the work done was $67,333 as against $68,209 in 1916. A sum of $3,601 was received and credited to Government for non-Government work against $4,060 in 1916.

IX.-VITAL STATISTICS.

(a.) POPULATION.

The civil population of the Colony, according to the Census taken on May 20th, 1911, was 456,739, of whom 104,287 reside in the New Territories and in New Kowloon; at the Census taken in 1906 it was 301,967 exclusive of the New Territories and of New

**

21

The following members of this Force were killed while on active service during the year:-

P.C. A 124 Ernest Frederick Drury, K.R.R., killed on 17.2.17.

A 155 Robert Edwards,

""

A 120 Edward Charles Silliss,

R.F.C., K.R.R.,

>

A 81 John Delahunty,

I.G.,

>>

30.4.17.

1.8.17.

9.10.17.

:

Five were killed in 1916 and one (E. Bloor) is a prisoner in Germany.

The District Watchmen Force, numbering 100, to which the Government contributes $2,000 per annum, was well supported by the Chinese during the year. These watchmen patrol the streets in the Chinese quarter of the City. They are placed on police beats and are supervised by the European police on section patrol.

The total number of persons committed to Victoria Gaol was 3,386 as compared with 4,169 in 1916. Of these 1,734 were com- mitted for criminal offences, against 1,588 in 1916. Of committals for non-criminal offences there were 226 less for hawking with- out a licence, and 12 more for unlawfully boarding steamers, than in 1916.

The daily average of prisoners confined in the Gaol was 600, the average for 1916 being 638, and the highest previous average being 726 in 1904. The percentage of prisoners to population, according to the daily average of the former and the estimated number of the latter, was 0.11. The average percentage for the last ten years was 0-12. Owing, however, to the large floating population, which is constantly moving between the Colony and Canton, the percentage of crime to population does not convey an accurate idea of the comparative criminality of the residents of the Colony. The Gaol has accommodation for 707 prisoners.

The prison discipline was satisfactory, the average of punish- ments per prisoner being 1-36 as compared with 134 in 1916 and 141 in 1915.

Long sentence prisoners serving two years and upwards are taught useful trades, including printing, book-binding, tin-smithing, mat-making, tailoring, carpentering, etc. The profit on the work done was $67,333 as against $68,209 in 1916. A sum of $3,601 was received and credited to Government for non-Government work against $4,060 in 1916.

IX.-VITAL STATISTICS.

(a.) POPULATION.

The civil population of the Colony, according to the Census taken on May 20th, 1911, was 456,739, of whom 104,287 reside in the New Territories and in New Kowloon; at the Census taken in 1906 it was 301,967 exclusive of the New Territories and of New

**

25

Kowloon. The estimated total population at the middle of the year under review was 535,100, but this includes the New Territories; and, as the birth and death figures given below do not include those from this area (with the exception of New Kowloon), the popula- tion for the purposes of calculating these rates is estimated at 431,700, of whom 13,500 were Non-Chinese.

The distribution of population estimated to the middle of 1917 was as follows:-

KOJEA Non-Chinese Civil Community,

.13,500

Chinese

Population.

City of Victoria (including Peak), .

280,700

Villages of Hongkong,

15,300

Kowloon (including New Kowloon),

77,200

New Territories,

89,900

Population afloat,

58,500

521,600

535,100

Total Chinese Population,

Total Civil Population,

(b)-PUBLIC HEALTH AND SANITATION,

The activity in building operations, which has been so notice- able a feature since 1912, has not abated, and the demand for housing accommodation by the Chinese continued to be greatly in excess of the supply, as many of those who fled with their families to Hongkong during 1911, 1912, and 1913 elected to remain in the Colony.

The corrected birth-rate for the year was 6.9 per 1,000 among the Chinese community and 208 per 1,000 among the Non-Chinese community, as compared with 8·1 and 20·05 for 1916.

The death-rate for the year was 23-7 per 1,000 .among the Chinese community and 14:00 among the Non-Chinese community, as compared with 246 and 15.08 for 1916.

The number of deaths from Malaria (416) shows an increase on the previous year (378). The deaths of Chinese from this cause in the City of Victoria numbered 185 out of a population of 280,700 or a rate of 0·6 per 1,000 per annum.

The deaths from Plague numbered 35 as compared with 39 in 1916.

Small-pox deaths numbered 549, all Chinese, with the excep- tion of 3 Portuguese and one each British, Filipino, and Japanese.

There e 2,248 deaths from respiratory diseases as compared with 2,1121916, and 34 of these were among the Non-Chinese community ulmonary Tuberculosis claimed 859 Chinese and 18 Non-Chinese victims whilst other forms of Tuberculosis represent an additiona16 deaths making a total of 1,493, or 143 per cent. of the total deaths among the community.

26

Beri-beri was responsible for 654 deaths, as compared with 517 during 1916 and 398 in 1915. During the past few years circulars have been distributed to all large employers of coolie labour calling their attention to the fact that Beri-beri is produced by the consumption of white rice as the staple article of diet with- out a sufficiency of other foods, and advising that beans should be supplied with the rice, when fresh meat or fresh fish cannot be afforded.

A tabular statement of the principal causes of death is appended.

(c.)-CLIMATE.

The mean shade temperature for the year at the Royal Obser- vatory, Kowloon, (108 feet above mean sea level), was 71°·0, 08 lower than in 1916, and 10.2 lower than the mean for the past 10 years. The maximum temperature was 90°8 on the 13th July and the minimum 388 on the 9th January. The hottest month was August, with a mean temperature of 82°0, and the coldest, January, with a mean temperature of 55°8.

The temperature at the high levels of the Peak District is from 3 to 80 less than at the Observatory. At Victoria it is practically the same. The rainfall and humidity are usually greater at the Peak than at Victoria, the Observatory, or Tai Po (New Territories).

The total rainfall for the year was 81:485 inches, as compared with an average of 81.35 inches during the ten preceding years. The wettest month was July with 30-07 inches, the driest, November, when 0'09 inch fell. The greatest amount of rain which fell on any one day was 8.10 inches on the 15th July, while no rain fell on 234 days of the year. The mean relative humidity of the atmosphere for the year was 75%, or 2% less than the average for the ten preceding years. The average daily amount of sun- shine was 60 hours, being 50% of the possible duration.

X.-POSTAL AND TELEGRAPH SERVICES.

The total revenue from the Postal Service in 1917 amounted to $403,869.87 being $2,127.54 more than that collected in 1916. The expenditure amounted to $259,214.83 being less than that of 1916 by $48,921.50 due to the high rate of exchange prevailing during the year under review. The balance of revenue over expenditure amounted to $144,655.04.

The Shanghai-Bombay Section of the P. & O. Contract Mail Service was suspended as from 1st July. The mails for Europe, riâ Suez, were despatched as opportunities offered to Bombay for transmission from thence to Marseilles by P. & O. packets.

Owing to dislocation and uncertainty of the trans-Siberian Railways and the restriction of the Suez route, the mails for Europe were to a great extent forwarded by the Pacific route either ri Canada or via the United States.

}

27

Arrangements were made during the year with the Canadian Postal Administration for the transmission of Parcels for Europe by Canadian Services. The first Parcel Mail for Liverpool by this route was despatched on 8th November by the Empress of Japan. This service, although more expensive than that via Suez, is very much appreciated by the public who are using it to an increasing

extent.

The revised Postal Agreement with Macao, which provides for the exchange of Cash on Delivery Parcels, came into force on 1st September.

The revenue collected in 1917 from radio-telegrams amounted to $23,311.55 being $14,616.51 more than that collected in 1916- the excess being mainly due to press messages sent to Indo-China. Advices of vessels signalled at the light-houses yielded $503.35 and semaphore messages $2.50 making a total of $23,817.40 for the telegraphic service. The expenditure amounted to $39,174.38, of which sum $17,905.71 was in respect of the emoluments of the Wireless Staff at the Cape d'Aguilar Station for the period from 15th July, 1915, to 31st December, 1916. The number of radio- telegrams forwarded during the year was 846 consisting of 106,114 words, and 1,028 received consisting of 13,853 words.

XI.

GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.

The unrest in the province of Kwangtung which re-commenced in 1916 continued to be a source of uneasiness to the local Chinese residents. During the year some of the Southern provinces of China declared their independence of the Central Government and constant collisions between the Northern and Southern factions led to considerable chaos. Troops of both parties ransacked villages near the New Territories Frontier and much trouble was caused by armed robbers crossing the British Border and raiding villages in British territory. On the 18th November the Chinese section of the railway was damaged by soldiers who had mutinied and traffic was stopped until the 20th November.

Several small junks and launches were attacked by robbers, and piracy of such small craft has led to representations being made to the Canton Government through H.M.'s Consul General.

During the year the War Charities Funds were subscribed to in the same generous manner as in previous years, the sums received as subscriptions amounting to $292,904.94. In addition to this sum the following special days were devoted to assisting the various war charities with the results shown against each :-

St. George's Day, 23rd April,

"Our Day", 18th October,

St. Andrew's Day, 30th November,......

$ 33,619.68

110,375.72

46,528.18

-28

The Queen Mary's Needlework Guild, and the other organiza- tions by ladies for carrying out war work, continued their labours unremittingly and the regular despatch of clothing, bandages, etc., to the troops and hospitals in the various war centres was maintained.

The Colony's recurrent expenses on account of the war amounted to approximately $200,000.

The Hongkong and South China War Savings Association continued to encourage small investors and a total of $1,232,490.15 (Straits Currency) was invested in war loans during the year. There is now a total of 819 subscribers.

An Ordinance incorporating the Volunteer Corps and the Hongkong Volunteer Reserve into one command-" The Hongkong Defence Corps "- -was passed on the 30th August. Under this Ordinance all male British subjects between the ages of 18 and 55, who are medically fit and who are ordinarily resident in the Colony, with certain exceptions, are liable for Military Service in the Colony. Administrative Command of the Corps was taken over by a selected Regular Military Officer, Major H. A. Morgan of the 18th Infantry (Indian Army), who has done much towards bringing the Corps to a high state of efficiency.

The winding-up of enemy firms was completed by the liqui- dators appointed by the Government with the following exceptions:- Sander, Weiler & Co., Jebsen & Co., Hamburg-America Linie, Hill Bergdahl & Co., Kruse & Co., Berblinger & Co., Norddeutscher Lloyd, Blackhead & Co., and Melchers & Co.

11th May, 1918.

3

CLAUD SEVERN,

Colonial Secretary.

!

British and Foreign Civil, Community,

29

DEATHS REGISTERED IN THE COLONY OF HONGKONG DURING 1917.

10

:

2

1 5 1

10

3 12

Pneumonia.

Phthisis & Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

Enteritis and Gastro- Enteritis.

Cirrhosis of Liver.

Peritonitis.

Nephritis.

Other causes.

Unknown.

All causes.

10

23

18

60 1 189

1151 476, 474| 26

19

180 |1122 106 |6565

73 133 55

6

3

CO

16 161 123 [1051

257 186 210 9

11

58 522 103 2235

27

19 31

1

20

2

:

:

:

:

:

42 14 272

2

83

10

88

:

Victoria and

Peak,

Harbour,

346 3 64 | 25

75

28 185

8 117 324 44

83 559 154|392 377 26 119

8833

33

13 3

21

:

Co.

3

85

50

34 17 118 15 99 6 7 12

Kowloon,.

156

32

Chinese

Community,

33

23

3

93

Shaukiwan,,

9

2

Aberdeen,

Stanley,..

:.

:

:

:

:

3

24

2

:

14

:

10

:

:

:

:

:.

8888

23

10

2

41

70 127

23 139

12

4

I

8

29

32

2

33333

10

:

:

:

:

142|336| 53

ཨཱསྶ

17

17 82 394

36

184659 | 468 ¦ 438 | 654 57 147 15

136

187936 | 458 | 561 | 520 48 348 176

Total, 1917,

""

1916,

549 7

542 41 146 61

116 51

190

35 416

21

10 | 306 39|378

1532854775 45 34 267 1918, 349 10433

1577 984 770 30 30 220 1282 379 10558

=

Light Dues ...

HEADS OF Revenue.

Light Dues, Special Assessment

Ap

FINANCIAL RETU

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF THE REVENUE AND E

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise specified

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes,

and Reimbursements in Aid

Post Office

Kowloon-Canton Railway

Revenue for

Estimates, 1917.

Actual Revenue to

same

31st Dec., 1917.

period of preceding

Increase.

Decre

Year.

80,000

68,656.82

S

75,031.83

6,37

95,000 79,810.39 87,445.72

10,116,500 11,770,513.81 |10,564,180,38 | 1,206,333-43

825,850

934,835.63 864;964.26 69,871.37

406,000 427,687.27 410,930.82 16,756.45

440,000

428,246.46 366,215.67

62,030.79

7,63

Rent of Government Property, Land, and Houses

960,000 955,559.75 966,666.62

II, IC

Interest

Miscellaneous Receipts

2,000 64,699,81

1,091.61 63,608.20

116,650 167,080.54 147,288.32 19,792.22

TOTAL, (exclusive of Land Sales)

13,042,000 14,897,090.48 13,483,815.23 | 1,438,392.46

25,11

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

TOTAL,

Deduct

Net...

T:

500

200,000 161,014.23 349,571.63

183.55

13,242,000 15,058,104.71 |13,833,386.86|1,438,392.46

213,67

213,674.61

1,224,717.85

DS OF REVENUE.

sessment

Appendix A.

FINANCIAL RETURNS FOR THE YEAR 1917.

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF THE REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE FOR THE PERIOD ENDED 31ST DEC

Revenue for

Estimates, 1917.

Actual Revenue to 31st Dec.,

same

period of preceding

Increase.

Decrease.

1917.

Year.

$

$

80,000

68,656.82

75,031.83

6,375.01 Governor

95,000 79,810.39

87,445.72

Levenue not otherwise specified

10,116,500 11,770,513.81 |10,564,180.38 | 1,206,333-43

ce, Payments for specific purposes, its in Aid

825,850 934,835.63 864,964.26 69,871.37

way

406,000 427,687.27 410,930.82 16,756.45

440,000 428,246.46 366,215.67 62,030.79

'roperty, Land, and Houses

960,000 955,559.75 966,666.62

من

$

HEADS OF EXPENDITURE.

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legislature ...

7,635.33

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

Audit Department ..

Treasury...

Harbour Master's Department

Imports & Exports Department...

Royal Observatory

Miscellaneous Services...

Judicial and Legal Departments...

Police and Prison Departments

11,106.87

Medical Departments

2,000 64,699,81

1,091.61 63,608.20

116,650 167,080.54 147,288.32 19,792.22

Sanitary Department

Botanical and Forestry Department

Education

Military Expenditure

Public Works Department

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Do.

Recurrent

Do.

Extraordinary

Post Office

(exclusive of Land Sales)

13,042,000 14,897,090.48 13,483,815.23 1,438,392.46

25,117.21

Kowloon-Canton Railway-Working Expenses

Do.

Expenses of Construction..

Charge on account of Public Debt

ɔn New Leases)

200,000 161,014.23 349,571.63

188,557.40

Pensions

Charitable Services

:

TOTAL,

Deduct

Net...

-*

13,242,000 15,058,104.71 |13,833,386.86 1,438,392.46

213,674.61

213,674.61

...$1,224,717.85

TOTAL,

Deduct

Net

:

:

:

2.

Appendix A (1).

REPORT ON THE FINANCES FOR THE YEAR 1917.

REVENUE.

The total revenue for the year amounted to $15,058,105 being $1,816,105 in excess of the estimate and $1,224,718 more than the revenue in 1916. Compared with that year there were increases under all the heads except Light Dues, Rent of Proprety, and Land Sales.

2. The principal sub-heads showing increases over the estimate are as follows:-

(a) Special War Rate,...

(b) Sunday Cargo Working Permits,

(e) Opium Monopoly,

(d) Stamp Duties,

(e) Salaries, British Postal Agencies,

(f) Interest,

(g) Miscellaneous Receipts,

$ 505,000

33,000

637,500

392,000

26,000

62,700

50,400

The increases are due (a) and (e) to new items, (b) to the shortage of shipping, (c) to increased sales, (d) to more Probate Duty, (f) to large cash balances, and (g) to Bankrupt Estates being unclaimed, together with profit on House Service Account.

3. The principal decreases were :

(a) Light Dues,

(b) Fines,

(e) Railway,...

(d) Land Sales,

$26,500

36,000

11,700

38,985

1

Of these, (a) was due to the shortage of shipping, (b) to fewer casos, (e) to the unsettled condition of Kwangtung, and (d) to expectations of land development not having been realised.

EXPENDITURE.

4. The total expenditure brought to account amounted to $14,090,828, being $1,694,673 more than the estimate, and $3,010,913 more than the expenditure in 1916.

Compared with the estimates there were decreases under all heads except five. The excess amounting to $15,122 under Harbour Department was on account of purchase of buoys and repairs to launches.

Miscellaneous expenditure was larger by $2,648,500 on account of a contribution to the Imperial Government for war expenses and a contribution for the same purpose under Ordinance No. 18 of 1917. Public Works Extraordinary accounted for an extra sum of $67,435, while Military Expenditure exceeded by $42,788 on account of under-estimate of Revenue for 1916.

1

A (1) 2

Decreases in Pensions ($79,000), Public Debt ($200,400), and in nearly all Departments were chiefly due to the rising exchange while another factor was the absence of a large part of the staff, their salaries being charged to War Expenditure under Miscellaneous Services.

5. The revenue for the year exceeded the expenditure by a sum of $967,277; with the result that the surplus balance increased to $3,268,061.

6. The following statement shows the Liabilities and Assets on the 31st December, 1917:

LIABILITIES.

$

C.

ASSETS.

$

C.

Deposits not Available 890,283.91 Subsidiary Coins

Postal Agencies...

Advances 7,909.65 Imprest

1,345,884.11 580,615.36

489.55

House Service Account Crown Agents' Deposit

Account...

1,961.94

953,239.44

Total Liabilities... 898,193.56 Unallocated Stores,

(P.W.D.)

129,360.85

Balance...

3,268,061.82 | Unallocated

Stores,

(Railway)

155,182.10

Coal Account

372,079.35

Investment Account

120,000.00

Suspense Account

217.83

Balance, Bank

493,446.17

Crown Agents

13,778.68

"

Total.....$4,166,255.38

Total......$4,166,255.38

7. The following table shows the Revenue and Expenditure during the last five years:

Revenue,..

Expenditure,

Surplus,

Deficit,

1913.

1914.

$

1915.

1916.

1917.

8,512,309

11,007,273 11,786,107

$

$ 13,833,386 15,058,105 8,658,013 10,756,225 · 15,149,268 11,079,914 14,090,828

145,704

251,048

2,753,472 967,277

3,363,161

PUBLIC DEBT.

S. The Inscribed Stock Loans of 1893 and 1906 amount to £1,485,732 and the Sinking Fund now stands at £258,162 being £24,378 more than the amount at credit of that fund at the end of 1916.

The local Loan (under Ordinance No. 12 of 1916) stands at $3,000,000 with a Sinking Find of $200,000.

:

A (1) 3

GENERAL. REMARKS.

9. The only alteration of importance during 1917 in taxation. was the enactment of Ordinance No. 18 to provide an annual cou- tribution by the Colony towards the expenses of the war.

10. The total receipts and payments in the Treasury books during the year were $28,127,621 and $27,620,396 respectively. The figures not accounted for under revenue and expenditure relate to transactions under various heads such as Deposits, Advances, Subsidiary Coin, Unallocated Stores, etc.

11. Subsidiary coins in stock on the 31st December were as follows:---

50 cents,

20

10

";

وو

5 Copper,

$ 8.146.00 86,454.00 1,080,119.00

159,078.00

12,087.00

$1,345,884.00

The nominal amount of coins in circulation is $21,264,370, and the market value is now practically par.

12. The local circulation in December of notes of the three Banks having authorized issues was as follows :-

Hongkong & Shanghai Bank,

Chartered Bank of India, Australia & China, Mercantile Bank of India,

$21,433,096

6,577,429

1,149,504

$29,160,029

$22,550,000

The specie in Reserve came to

13. The rate of exchange for the Estimates was taken at 1/11 whereas the average rate for purposes of conversion in the Treasury books was 2/74.

9th May 1918.

A. M. THOMSON, Treasurer,

Appendix B.

REPORT ON THE ASSESSMENT FOR THE YEAR 1918-1919.

3

:

1. By order of His Excellency the Governor in Council, I have made a new valuation of the whole Colony.

2. The result of the new valuation is that the Rateable Value of the whole Colony has increased from $14,410,153 to $15,638,736, an addition of $1,228,583 or 8:52 per cent.

3. The City of Victoria.-The Rateable Value has increased from $11,766,775 to $12,745,655, an addition of $978,880 or 8:31

per cent.

4. The Hill District.--The Rateable Value has decreased from $325,570 to $324,195, a reduction of $1,375 or 0.42 per cent.

5. Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, and Quarry Bay.--The Rateable Value has increased from $394,193 to $405,200, an addition of $11,007 or 2.79 per cent.

6. Hongkong Villages.-The Rateable Value has increased from $211,557 to $240,599, an addition of $29,042 or 13 72 per cent.

7. Kowloon Point.-The Rateable Value has increased from $632,665 to $647,400, an addition of $14,735 or 2·32 per cent.

8. Yaumati.-The Rateable Value has increased from $351,365 to $436,145, an addition of $84,780 or 24·12 per cent.

9. Mongkoktsui -The Rateable Value has increased from $224,025 to $288,625, an addition of $64,600 or 28:83 per cent.

10. Hunghom and Hokun.-The Rateable Value has increased from $298,645 to $318,695, an addition of $20,050 or 6'71 per cent.

11. Kowloon Villages.-The Rateable Value has increased from $94,351 to $107,479, an addition of $13,128 or 13·91 per cent.

12. New Kowloon.—The Rateable Value has increased from $111,007 to $124,743, an addition of $13,736 or 12:37 per cent.

13. Vacant Tenements. -The number of tenements reported to be vacant averaged about 110 monthly, approximately the same number as last year.

B 2

14. Interim Valuations.—Between 1st July, 1917, and 1st May, 1918, 668 Interim Valuations were made as follows:

City of Victoria.

Rest of Colony.

New or rebuilt tenements

and tenements structur-

No. Rateable Value. No. Rateable Value.

$

ally altered,

Assessments

260

208,395 217

127,110

cancelled,

tenements resumed, pull-

ed down or being in

other respects not rate- able,

129

111,915

62

13,798

Number and Increase,... 389

$96,480 279

$113,312

15. The following Table gives a comparison of the Assessments for 1917-1918 and 1918-1919 :-

District.

Valuation Valuation 1917-1918. 1918-1919.

Per

Increase.

cent.

$

$

do

%

The City of Victoria,

11,766,775

12,745,655

978,880 8.31

Hill District and

Hongkong Villages,

931,320

969,994 38,674 4.15

Kowloon Point and Kowloon Villages with New Kowloon,| 1,712,058

1,923,087 211,029 12-33

Total,...... $ 14,410,153

15,638,736 1,228,583 8.52

B 3

16. Comparative Statement showing the Rateable Value of the Colony of Hongkong in each of the ten years from 1909-1910 to 1918-1919 inclusive :-

Increase

Decrease

Year.

Rateable Value.

as compared as compared

with pre-

with pre- vious year.

Percentage of Increase or Decrease

in Rateable Value

vious

year.

as compared with the previous year.

$

$

%

1909-10,

10,750,902

65,851

0-60 Decrease

1910-11,

11,082,179

331,277

3.08 Increase.

1911-12,

11,161,390

79,211

0.71- do.

1912-13,

|12,312,306

1,150,916

10.31

do.

1913-14,

12,435,812 123,506

1·03

do.

1914-15,

14,410,103 1,974,291

15.87

do.

1915-16,

14,287,285

122,818

0.85 Decrease.

1916-17,

14,282,186

5,099

0:03

do.

1917-18,

14,410,153 127,967

1918-19,

15,638,736 1,228,583

0.89 Increase. 8.52 do.

17. Staff.-During my absence on leave from 23rd May to 6th September, 1917, Mr. David Wood acted as Assessor. Mr. So Shing-hon and Mr. Chu Tsau-hing have discharged their duties as Clerk and Interpreter respectively to my satisfaction. Mr. Chu Hon-ming, Temporary Clerk, died on the 15th April, 1918.

ASSESSOR'S OFFICE,

16th May, 1918.

ARTHUR CHAPMAN, Assessor.

Appendix C.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS FOR THE YEAR 1917.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

(Tables 1 and 11.)

REVENUE.

1. The revenue derived from all sources during the year was $11,370: more than that for 1916 by $2,133. The increase was mainly due to the issue of Chinese Boarding House Licences with a new scale of licence fees under the new Boarding House Ordi- nance 1917, Marriage Licences, Emigration Passage Broker's Licences, Registration of Societies, and Permits for Firework Display.

There were three items which showed decreases, viz., Forfei- tures, Certificates to Chinese entering the United States of America, and Official Signatures.

EXPENDITURE.

2. The total expenditure was $51,837 as compared with $54,966 in 1916 and fell short of the estimate by $5,477. The decrease was mainly due to the higher rate of exchange and vacancies in certain posts.

PROTECTION OF WOMEN AND GIRLS.

(Table III.)

Women and Girls Protection Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.

Po Leung Kuk Incorporation Ordinance No. 6 of 1893.

3. The number of persons detained under warrant and sent direct to the Po Leung Kuk during the year was 158 as compared with 288 in 1916; the action taken in each case (as also in those cases not decided at the end of 1916) is shown in Table III. The number of women whose detention was found unnecessary and who were allowed to leave after investigation was 109 or 68.9% as compared with 83.3% in 1916: 32 were sent to their native places; 3 remained awaiting marriage; 1 was married; 7 were restored to relatives; while 5 cases were still under consideration on December 31st.

4. Fourteen names were added to the list of girls under bond to report themselves annually, half-yearly or quarterly to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, a precaution taken to guard against their being forced into prostitution. The names of 18 girls were

C 2

-

struck off the list, of whom 2 were married, 15 were sent back to their relatives, and one, whose bond was forfeited to the Crown for breach of its conditions, returned to the Po Leung Kuk. The number of names on the list on 31st December, 1917, was 22 as compared with 26 on January 1st, 1917.

5. The number of persons reported by Hongkong residents to the Po Leung Kuk as missing during the year was 60 of whom 50 were found. These figures show a marked decrease compared with those for 1916: 144 and 75. The total number of persons reported missing, including reports from China and Macao, was 111 of whom 63 were found, as compared with 81 out of 175 in 1916.

EMIGRATION.

Asiatic Emigration Ordinance No. 30 of 1915.

(i.)-EMIGRATION OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN (FREE).

(Table IV.)

.

6. The number of women and children passengers examined and allowed to proceed was 16,709 (women 10,591, girls 1,352 and boys under sixteen 4,766) as compared with 24,378 in 1916. These figures show a great decrease in this type of emigration, for which the shipping shortage is mainly responsible. There are not enough ships to accommodate all the Chinese who wish to emigrate. A subsidiary cause is the decline in the exchange value of Straits currency; remitting money from the Straits to China is now unprofitable. Female emigration to the Dutch Indies (i.e., by direct steamer) shows a slight increase, while that to British North Borneo shows a very marked increase, probably owing to the steady development of that country.

7. The record of the occupations of women emigrants over sixteen shows that out of a total of 10,591, 3,931 were going to join relatives, 2,715 were going with husbands or other relatives, 628 gave their occupation as tailoresses, 450 as prostitutes, 471 as market gardeners or farmers, 940 as cooks, and 1,377 stated they were going to "do work", some as nurses or maid-servants, some on plantations, and others in tin mines, etc. There were also 2 teachers, 47 hair-dressers, 14 nuns, 9 doctors, and 7 travellers.

8. Forty or 23% of the total number of women and children emigrants were detained for enquiries as against 93 or 38% in 1916. Of these, 17 were allowed to proceed after enquiry; and of the remainder, who were kept temporarily in the Po Leung Kuk, 2 were restored to their relatives, 18 were sent to their native places, and 3 remained in the Po Leung Kuk at the end of the year, 2 of them awaiting marriage, and 1 being a case under consideration.

9. There were 17 applications for the recovery of women who had emigrated. One application was found to be fraudulent; in

C 3

8 cases the 11 women missing returned and were restored to relatives; and in the remaining cases, of the 10 women missing 1 who was sent back proved to be the wrong woman, and 9 refused to return. 25 women sent back from the Straits Settlements on suspicion, or returning of their own accord, were given assistance in proceeding to their homes. 67 women who had gone to the Straits Settlements to practise prostitution were sent back as being too young.

10. Prosecutions under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance undertaken by this office numbered 5 with 4 convictions as compared with 6 cases and 4 convictions in 1916.

(ii)-MALE EMIGRATION (ASSISTED).

(Table V.)

11. Assisted emigration this year showed a marked decline compared with last year. The total number of assisted emigrants presented for examination was 20,658, of whom 15,265 were passed and allowed to proceed, compared with 25,357 and 17,665 in 1916. The number of those who on examination expressed themselves as unwilling to emigrate was 626 or 303%, a great increase on last year's figure of 80%. This is to some extent at least due to the indiscriminate recruiting of loafers from the Canton gambling houses; many made a regular practice of travelling to Hongkong as would-be emigrants, refusing to go abroad when presented for examination, and getting sent back free of expense to themselves. This practice has now been stopped; the boarding houses, who lost heavily by it, have become more careful in choosing their recruits. The total number of assisted emigrants rejected in Hongkong as unfit for labour was 446, 300 of whom were sent back to their homes through the Tung Wa Hospital at the expense of the boarding houses which recruited them, and the rest went back to the board- ing houses for treatment in Hongkong.

The list in Table V of destinations of assisted emigrants shows that the decline has been more marked in emigration to Banka and Billiton than in emigration to Singapore: emigrants to the former places have fallen off by 2,740 while the Singapore figures show a decline of only 523. Emigration to Banka continued throughout the year; emigration to Billiton went on from January to May.

12. Two small batches of assisted emigrants proceeding to Batavia and Balikpapan to undertake special contracts for loading steamers with coal and oil were passed during the year.

13. Assisted emigration to British North Borneo shows a very marked revival. It began in June and continued to the end of the year. So far only 2 applications for the repatriation of any of these assisted emigrants have been made, both towards the end of the year, so that repatriation during the year under review was impossible.

14. The supervision of free emigration to Fiji, mentioned in

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last year's report, was continued, and 84 emigrants (all men) were examined and passed between January 1st and September 30th; after September this emigration ceased.

15. Forty-one coolies were sent back by the Penang Government, 30 of whom had been rejected as physically unfit for work in Mesopo- tamia; one who was a leper was sent to Canton by the Police immediately upon arrival; the rest were sent home by this office through the Tung Wa Hospital. Two repatriates who needed special treatment were sent home by this office at the request of the Singapore Government.

16. Fifty-nine decrepits or destitute repatriates were sent back from Sandakan and 58 from Jesselton as compared with 58 and 62 respectively in 1916. Two of the Sandakan repatriates died in the Tung Wa Hospital while under treatment there. Two others were females. One repatriate on arrival declared that he wished to return to Borneo. His case was investigated; he proved to be a lunatic, and was ultimately sent to the Asylum at Canton. With these exceptions, all were sent home through the Tung Wa and Kwong Wa Hospitals.

17. Four coolies were returned from Banka owing to ill-health, one of whom died in the Tung Wa Hospital.

18. During the year, 14 applications for the redemption and repatriation of assisted emigrants from the Straits Settlements and Banka were received by this office. Eleven of the emigrants con- cerned were traced and sent back; 3 refused to return. 2 applica- tions were received for the recovery of free male emigrants from the Straits Settlements, 1 was traced and sent back and I returned of his own accord. One application was received for the return of a hawker who failed to leave a ship before she started.

This man landed at Haiphong and made his own way back.

19. Classification of Assisted Emigrants by the language

spoken gives the following figures :--

Cantonese,

Hakka,

Hoklo,

Hainanese,

Southern Mandarin (mostly from

Kwong Sai and Hunan),

Total,.....

11,756

7

4,983

226

935

2,758

20,658

20. During the year 5 emigration boarding houses were closed and 2 were newly opened.

At the end of the year there were 44 Chinese emigration boarding houses in existence. Of these 12 have taken out First Class Hak U licences with accommodation for 2,188 boarders and 19 have taken out Second Class Hak U licences with accommoda- tion for 1,328 boarders under the new Boarding House Ordinance, No. 23 of 1917.

:

The issue of these licences was still in progress at the end of the year.

21. Nine new Assisted Boarding Houses were opened and 12 Assisted Boarding Houses were closed. At the end of the year there existed 22 Assisted Boarding Houses, all of which had taken out "San Hak Chan" licences under Ordinance 23 of 1917. These houses can accommodate 1,022 persons.

22. Forty-one licences were issued for transfer of name of licensee, for removal of premises, or for additional floors.

23. The Yau Wing Cheung Boarding House was fined $25 for not obtaining a removal licence before moving into new premises. The Sam Shing Hing and Ying Nam were fined $75 and $50 for failing to enter the names of boarders in their registers; the former was also fined $25 and the latter $10 for failing to bring assisted emigrants before the Secretary for Chinese Affairs for examination. The Kwong Wa On, Lok Tin, Kwong Fat Shang, and Sam Wo Hing were also convicted on the same charge, and the Sam Shing Hing was convicted a second time and fined $150.

24. Eight passage brokers' licences at $200 each were issued during the year under the Emigration Ordinance, No. 30 of 1915.

REGULATION OF CHINESE.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.

(i.)-REGISTRATION OF HOUSEHOLDERS.

25. 2,843 householders were registered: of these 321 were first registration. (In 1916 the numbers were 2,379 and 196.) 9,797 changes of tenancy were also notified for registration as against 7,739 in 1916. This increase in registration of changes of tenancy is largely due to stricter enquiries through District Watch- men in Yaumati and Hunghom for the purpose of checking the correctness of the register.

26. The number of Chinese business men in Victoria and Kowloon offering themselves as sureties to Government Depart- ments and reported on by this office was 1,297 as against 1,076 in 1916.

27. Bonds were required to be registered by 2 non-resident householders: the same number as in 1916. 30 certified extracts from the Registers were issued as against 55 in 1916. 6 Duplicate Householders Certificates were issued as against 5 in 1916 while 40 Householders Removal Certificates were issued as against 24 in 1916.

28. Two householders were convicted and fined $25 each for failing to report changes in the tenancy of their houses, and one was fined $100 for having on two occasions allowed part of one of his houses to be used as a brothel,

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In September the householder of House No. 7 Sui Wa Terrace was found to be non-resident in the Colony. With a view to enforcing section 12 of the Ordinance the householder was sent for several times, but as she did not appear, the rents and profits of the house were seized under Government Notification No. 412. A month later the requirements of section 12 were complied with, and the notification was withdrawn.

(ii)-DISTRICT WATCHMEN.

(Table VI.)

29. The District Watchmen Committee met on 13 occasions, the average attendance being 13. The advice and assistance given

by this important Committee continues to be of very great value to the Government.

30. The Hon. Mr. Lau Chu-pak and Mr. Chan Kai-ming were re-appointed by His Excellency the Governor for a further term of 5 years.

Two vacancies, one of which was caused by the death of Mr. Leung Pui-chi, were filled by the appointment of the Hon. Mr. Ho Fook and of Mr. Chau Shau-san for a term of 5 years. The Committee has during the year been enlarged from 12 to 14 (exclusive of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, the ex-officio Chairman) by the addition of two members selected from the retiring Committees of the Tung Wa Hospital and Po Leung Kuk and holding their appointments for a term of one year. The new members so appointed during 1917 are Messrs. Lo Kit-ping and Yu King-shu.

31. The balance to the credit of the District Watchmen Fund at the end of the year was $32,200 as compared with $24,844 on January 1st, the income thus exceeding the expenditure by $7,356. $28,000 of the balance was invested in Hongkong 6% War Loan.

32. The total strength of the District Watchmen Force at the end of the year was 99 compared with 100 on January 1st. The approved strength is 100. There were 15 vacancies during the year; 1 was a death, 8 were resignations, and 6 were dismissals or desertions.

33. The number of convictions secured by members of the Force was 113 as compared with 213 in 1916 and 167 in 1915.

(iii.)-PERMITS.

34. Six hundred and eighteen permits to fire crackers were issued (639 in 1916), 459 of these being on the occasion of marriage.

35. Other permits issued were religious ceremonies 30; processions 3; and 165 to hold theatricals in permanent houses or temporary buildings.

i

!

- 07

MARRIAGES.

Ordinance No. 7 of 1875 and No. 6 of 1903.

36. The number of marriages solemnized during the year was 116 as compared with 128 in 1916. The number contract ed at the Registrar's Office was 22. In 1916 it was 16.

CERTIFICATES OF IDENTITY TO CHINESE ENTERING THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1898.

37. Six certificates were issued to Chinese to enter the United States of America, and two to enter the Philippine Islands.

These certificates are limited to Chinese British Subjects resident in Hongkong.

BRITISH BORN SUBJECT CERTIFICATES.

38. There were four applications for these certificates, only one of which was granted.

39. There were two applications for naturalisation papers: neither was granted.

REGISTRATION OF BOOKS.

Ordinance No. 2 of 1888.

40. Twenty-seven books were registered during the year as compared with fifty-two in 1916.

TUNG WA HOSPITAL.

Ordinances No. 1 of 1870, No. 9 of 1904, and

No. 10 of 1908 (Man Mo Temple).

(Tables VII to XII.)

41. The following gentlemen were elected to form the Com- mittee for 1918:-

.-

Tong Yat-chun, Chairman.

Tsoi Hing.

Tse Yu-nung.

Tong Nai-keung.

Pang Shiu-ming.

Luk Pung-shan.

Ko Yik-kam.

Lau Yik-cheuk.

Au-yeung Shan-ting.

Tsoi Cheung.

Pun Ngoi-shan.

Ip Li-kong.

Chan Cheuk-ting. Ho Wun-shang.

of whom the first three named are in charge of the Hospital finances.

42. The 1917 Directorate under the chairmanship of Mr Wong Pik-chun carried on the Hospital work of previous years.

8

quietly and successfully. Beyond Hospital work proper, the activi- ties of the Committee covered the extension of the Mortuary at Sandy Bay, and a proposal to erect a resting place for funeral processions on the Jubilee Road.

The balance sheet for the year (i.e., the Ting Tsz Chinese year extending from January 23rd, 1917, to February 10th, 1918, a total of 384 days) shows a credit balance of $49,131.

43. The expenditure was $102,528 as compared with $148,652 in 1916 and $89,808 in 1915: but, as explained in last year's report, the 1916 figure includes an item of $50,000 for purchase of War Loan stock. The daily average of expenditure during the year under report was thus $270.64 as against $277.89 in 1916. The total income was $116,033 (as against $101,634 in 1916). making the surplus on the year's working $13,505. The Hospital holds $50,000 in Hongkong 6% War Loan Bonds.

44. The following items on the receipt side show increases:-

Rent of Hospital property,

Interest (2 items),

Sale of refuse, etc.,

...$6,300 5,000

3,100

which with the donations from tenants of Hospital property totalling $2,400 more than offset the slight fall in subscriptions and the drop in some other items.

45. On the expenditure side, the items for light, passage money, repairs to Hospital property, insurance, and sundries show decreases. Work on the Mortuary having been completed during last year, the item for its construction and repair drops from $2,199 to $315, and the influence of the smallpox epidemic is seen in the rise of the Smallpox Hospital expenses from $2,720 to $3,215.

46. The total number of in-patients admitted during 1917 was 5,089 as compared with 5,248 in 1916, and 4,557 in 1915. Of these, 1,958 or 38-47% (as against 39.37% in the previous year) elected to be treated by European methods. The out-patients numbered 133,884 as against 133,022 in 1916 (116,885 in 1915) and of these 16,913 or 12-6% (as against 13.5% in 1916) chose European treatment.

47. The number of surgical operations performed was 238 as compared with 244 in 1916. There were also 124 Eye Operations performed as against 123 in 1916.

48. The number of destitutes temporarily housed and then sent to their homes was 1,115 (745 in 1916), most of whom were sent to the Hospital from this office.

49. Of the charitable funds managed by the Hospital, the Emergency Fund (Table X) does not call for comment. The Man Mo Temple fund shows an excess of expenditure over receipts of $1,100. The revenue from all sources except deposits

C 9

has increased, but a much larger sum has been spent on the "Free Schools".

50. The balance sheet of the Brewin Charity as set out in Table XII is again very satisfactory. The income for the year exceeded the expenditure by $3,605.

The amount spent in gratuities and pensions to deserving widows was $1,908 as compared with $1,772 in 1916 and $1,344 in 1915. Further grants are under consideration.

$5,000 was invested in the Straits 6% War Loan.

KWONG WA HOSPITAL.

(Tables XIII and XIV.)

51. The Hospital again did excellent work during 1917. In all 2,388 patients were admitted (as against 2,405 in 1916) of whom 1,096 or 46% (as against 54% in 1916 and 53% in 1915) came under European treatment while 1,292 elected to be treated by Chinese methods.

52. The total number of out-patients treated was 32,488 as against 31,914 in 1916, and of these 21,853 elected to receive European treatment. This gives a percentage of 673 as against 67.2 in 1916 and 65'9 in 1915.

રી

53. The total expenditure of the Hospital for the Ting Tsz Chinese year was $50,639, which includes a refund of $19,716 to the Tung Wa-the net expenditure being $30,923 as against $30,101 in 1916. Among the receipts appears a payment of $23,053 from the Tung Wa Hospital; if this and the $2,000 contribution be subtracted from the receipts, the net income is shown to be $25,883, an amount less than the net expenditure by $5,040. The Hospital therefore is still financially unable to stand on its own feet. It was never anticipated that it would do so, until the whole district across the Harbour--a comparatively poor one-fulfilled its promise of development.

This time is now appreciably nearer: meanwhile the Hospital must still depend on the Tung Wa Hospital and on special efforts. Its principal bene- factor during the year was Mr. Chan Kang-yue, who raised a sum of $4,000 through theatrical entertainments which he organised and financed.

CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES AND PLAGUE HOSPITALS.

(Tables XV to XX.)

54. The total number of cases treated at the Dispensaries

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during the year was 104,004 compared with 105,964 in 1916. Of this total 57.567 were new and 46,437 return cases.

55. The number of vaccinations performed shows a very great increase owing to the small-pox epidemic at the beginning of the year, 39,405 as against 22,120 in 1916, of which the Yaumati Dispensary alone performed 16,659.

The success of the vaccination campaign during 1916 and 1917 among the Chinese must be largely attributed to the efforts of Mr. S. W. Tsó, the Chairman of the Western District of the Chinese Public Dispensaries. He spared himself no time or effort: and by example and organisation established a standard in his district which made the campaign elsewhere comparatively a simple matter.

56. The total expenditure on the Dispensaries was $30,190 as compared with $32,349 in 1916. No exceptional expenses were incurred during the year.

57. The revenue of the Dispensaries, excluding the balance of $40,234 from 1916, amounted to $40,566 as against $43,727 in 1916 and thus exceeded the expenditure by $10,376.

58. Of the three Kowloon Peninsula Dispensaries at Hunghom, Kowloon City, and Shamshuipo, the first shows an excess of incoine over expenditure and an increase of the credit balance from $1,966 to $3,585 a satisfactory position principally due to the efforts of the Chairman Mr. Chan Pak-ping who has, it may be here. mentioned, in hand a proposal to open a school under the control of the local Committee. The second, that at Kowloon City, is now financed from the Dispensaries general fund, into which its credit balance of $103 was paid at the end of the first half-year of 1917: the Shamshuipo Dispensary shows a slight decline of its credit. balance from $1,323 to $1,306.

59. The number of dead and dying infants brought to the Dispensaries was 1,660 as compared with 2,133 in 1916.

60. The number of infants under five years brought in to be treated shows a decrease, 12,257 being treated as against 13,350 in 1916, and 12,075 in 1915. When the small-pox epidemic is taken into account the decrease compared with 1916 gives further reason to think that the Chinese prefer to treat small-pox among their children at home rather than to take them to public institutions.

61. 1,422 corpses were removed to hospital or mortuary as against 1,605 in 1916. 644 (as against 866) applications were received for coffins and on 276 occasions (as against 405 in 1916) was attendance necessary at the cleansing of infected premises.

/

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62. The Plague Hospitals in the Eastern and Western Dis- tricts and at Kowloon City report that no cases of any kind were admitted, whether plague or ordinary cases.

The Dispensaries Committee are again indebted to Dr. Maclean Gibson (Alice Memorial Hospital) for his assistance in the matter of the issue of medicines and drugs, and in the regulation of the consumption.

63. The number of bodies considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year was 1,066 as compared with 1,051 in 1916 and 467 in 1915. The monthly figure varied between 280 (in January) and 32 (in October). The percentage of these "dumpings" to the whole number of Chinese deaths was 10.41% (Table XIX).

Of the 1,066 bodies abandoned, 317 were taken to the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

The number of bodies reported by the Police as dumped during the year was 798 (Table XX).

64. Table XVIII compiled from statistics in the Sanitary Department shows the number of death certificates issued in pro- portion to the total number of Chinese deaths, and the number of cases in which post-mortem examinations were held.

65. The percentage of cases in which the cause of death was certified was 39.9. In 1916 it was 42∙1 and in 1915 42·7.

CHINESE PERMANENT CEMETERY.

(Table XXI.)

66. The accounts, which are included for the first time this year, show a substantial balance, which increased during 1917 from $6,583 to $7,394.

The interest of the Chinese permanent residents of the Colony in this Institution continues unabated. It has been necessary to open more terraces for the sale of sites: and considerable sums of money have been privately spent on the design of graves. Four "summer houses" have been given by the Hon. Mr. Ho Fook, Mr. Kwok Siu-lau, Mr. Chau Yu-ting, and Mr. Chan Kai-ming: and a scheme for a fountain with its own water supply-costing some $3,000, specially subscribed-is under consideration. The Botanical and Forestry Department under Mr. Tutcher bave rendered much valuable assistance in the beautification of the site : but it is regrettable that the terracing work has necessitated the destruction of several particularly fine banian trees.

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www

67. TRANSLATION WORK DONE IN THE SECRETARIAT FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS DURING THE YEAR 1917.

Translation from Chinese

into English.

Translation from English into Chinese.

Petitions,....

86

Ordinances,

2

Letters,

132

Regulations,

19

Newspaper articles and

Government notices,

71

items of news,....

101

Minutes,

Unspecified,

157

Unspecified,

36

Total,

476

Grand Total,......

607

Total,...

131

The total number of translation done by the translator was thus 607 as against 690 in 1916 and 631 in 1915.

68. In addition, a large number of translations made in other Government Departments are sent to this office for revision. Much translation work is done by members of the staff other than the translator, but of this no record is kept.

CHINESE RECREATION GROUND.

(Table XXII.)

69. The income from the stalls has risen slightly, $3,589 as against $3,552 in 1916, and the balance has increased from $6,804 to $9,646.

PASSAGE MONEY FUND.

(Table XXIII.)

70. The net income of the fund was $665 and the total ex- penditure $573 compared with $5,172 and $384 last year. The 1916 receipts however included an extraordinary item of $4,250, earmarked for the support of the Eyre Memorial Refuge in Kow- loon City which draws $170 a year from this account.

REGULATION OF CLUBS AND SOCIETIES.

Ordinance No. 47 of 1911.

71. During the year 42 applications for registration or ex- emption from registration under the Ordinance were received and

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J

considered. 3 clubs and societies were exempted from registration by notice in the Gazette, while 23 were required to register. In one case permission to register was refused under section 4 of the Ordinance; 10 clubs were found to comprise less than 10 members and did not therefore come under the Ordinance. In the remain- ing 5 cases no action was taken and the clubs concerned voluntarily dissolved. One registered society which was considered undesir- able was ordered to dissolve: the Sz Yap Society, found to have been closely connected for a long period with revolutionary politics in Canton.

ORDINANCES.

72. The chief Ordinances passed during the year which affected the Chinese were as follows:-

:

No. 12 The Protection of Women & Girls Amendment Or- dinance, which is aimed at persons who harbour girls under 21 stolen from or enticed to leave their parents or guardians.

No. 18 The War Rate Ordinance, by which the rates on all houses were increased by 7%, the proceeds being given to the Imperial Government.

No. 23: The Boarding House Ordinance, which puts all classes of hotels, boarding houses and lodging houses for Chinese under the direct supervision and control of this office by a system of annual licences.

No. 25: The Deportation Ordinance, consolidating a number of Ordinances on the subject of deportation dating from 1911 to 1914.

No. 28 The Ferries Ordinance, which makes provision for the improvement of the ferry service to Yaumati and Shamshuipo.

No. 32: The Fire and Marine Insurance Companies Deposit Ordinance, which is designed to check "bubble" insurance companies.

GENERAL.

73. Under the terms of the Deportation Ordinance, 1914, reports were furnished on 162 suspects arrested by the Police under warrants of detention. The figure in 1916 was 272.

74. Reports were also furnished on numerous other criminals recommended by the Police for banishment on the expiration of their sentences who claimed to be Hongkong born.

:

75. There was no event calling for special comment during the year. The dulness of trade due to the lack of shipping was accentuated by the condition of Canton but the general want of confidence resulted in business being conducted on a stricter basis, and failures were remarkably few. Comparatively little sympathy was shown with the "Provisional" Government of Canton, and that little appears to be dwindling: the suppression of the Sz Yap Society and the prosecution of two newspaper editors being the

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only action that it was found necessary to take in this connection, the action taken in both cases meeting apparently with the approval of the community in general.

STAFF.

Chief Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

76. Mr. D. W. Tratman was appointed Head of the Sanitary Department and Mr. E. V. Carpmael was promoted to the post of Chief Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs on the 1st February. Mr. E. V. Carpmael acted as Official Receiver and Registrar of Trade Marks up to the 22nd May and as Head of the Sanitary Department from the 23rd May to 31st December. Mr. R. E. Lindsell acted as Chief Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs throughout the year.

Second Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

77. Mr. A. E. Wood continued to study Japanese in Japan and Mr. W. Schofield acted as Second Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs throughout the year.

Third Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

78. Mr. R. E. Lindsell acted as Chief Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs throughout the year. No officer has been appointed to act as Third Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Sergeant under the Emigration Ordinance.

79. Sergeant A. F. Purden reverted to the Police Department and went on leave on the 8th February. Sergeant J. A. McKay performed the duties in addition to his own under the Protection of Women and Girls Ordinance.

Second Grade Interpreter.

80. Mr. Fung Hon reverted to the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs from the Supreme Court on the 22nd June.

Third Grade Interpreter.

81. Mr. Tang Tat-hung was seconded to the Supreme Court as Assistant Interpreter on the 22nd June.

Supernumerary Second Grade Writer.

82. Mr. Law Tsz-ping resigned his office on the 1st December and the vacancy was not filled.

E. R. HALLIFAX, Secretary for Chinese Affairs,

10th May, 1918.

Heads of Revenue.

Table I.

Revenue for the years 1916 and 1917.

Details of Revenue.

Ordinance under which received.

Revenue in

1916.

Revenue in

1917.

Increase.

Decrease.

*

C.

C.

c.

C.

Licences and Internal Revenue not other- wise specified,

Chinese Boarding House Licences, Marriage Licences,

No. 1 of 1889 & No. 4 of 1908. No. 7 of 1875 & No. 15 of 1902.

5,112 *

7,637 *

2,525

*

876

1,075

199

Emigration Passage Brokers' Licences, Forfeitures,

***

No. 30 of 1915.

100

1,600

1,500

2.000

250

1,750

Fees of Court

Or

Office, Payments for

Specific Purposes, Reimburse-

and

Certificates to Chinese entering U.S.A., . Householders' Registration,

No. 3 of 1898.

875

350

525

No. 3 of 1888.

Boud by Non-resident

Householders,

10

10

>>

་་་་་་

ments-in-aid,,

Official Signatures,

No. 14 of 1913.

124

84

40

Registration of Societies,

No. 47 of 1911.

100

115

15

Interest,.

Interest accrued on official account,

3

1

1

Miscellaneous,

Refunds, etc.,

6

147

141

Other Miscellaneous

Receipts,

Permits for Firework Displays,

30

100

70

Total,

9,236.95

11,370.52

4,450.39

2,316.82

Deduct Decrease,.

2,316.82

Total Increase in 1917,

2,133.57

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Ċ 15

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Table II,

Revenue and Expenditure of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs since 1908.

Year.

Revenue.

Expenditure.

Total. Decrease. Increase. Total. Decrease. Increase.

Percent- age of Expen- diture to Revenue.

C.

$ c.

C.

%

1908,

....

164,459.99

1,198.86 43,848.51

8,217.63

26.66

1909, 104,138.88 60,321.11

....

43,793.61

54.90

12.05

....

1910, . 15,492.12 88,616.76

42,462.81

1,330.80

274.09

1911,.... 14,518.19 973.93

49,217.74

6,754,93 | 339-01

1912,

14,257.54 260.65

45,521.01

3,696.53

319-28

1913,

10,645.58 3,611.96

41,674.04

3,846.97

391.47

1914,

7,258.10 3,387.48

51,178.04

:

9,504.00 705-12

1915,.. 5,072.07 2,186.03

53,188.73

2,010.69 1,048-66

1916,

9,236.95

4,164.88

54 966.19

1.777.46 595.07

1917,

11,370.52

2,133.57 51,867.18

3,099.01

456-15

Table III.

Number of Women and Girls detained in a Place of Refuge by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under Sections 34 and 35 of Ordinance No. 4 of 1897, and arrangements made regarding them.

Under Detention on 1st January, 1917.

Detained during 1917.

Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total. Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total.

Total.

Permitted to leave,

10

3

13

92

17

109

122

Permitted to leave under bond,

1

...

1

1

Restored to husband,

1

...

1

1

Restored to relativ

ives,

4

2

6

6

Sent to native place,

14

18

32

Married,.

1

1

32

1

...

Adopted,

...

...

:

...

Ċ 17 -

Sent to Refuge or Convent,.

Sent to French Consul to be sent home,

Died,

Awaiting marriage,

...

...

...

Cases under consideration,

Total,

I

2

3

4

1

3

5

...

10

3

13

118

40

158

171

Cases brought forward, 13.

Cases dealt with during the year, 163.

Cases carried forward, 8.

V

Table IV.

24

Number of Female Passengers and Boys examined and passed before the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under "The Asiatic Emigration Ordinance, 1915, during the year 1917.

Women and Children, 1917.

Women

Whither Bound.

and

Children

Women. Girls.

Boys.

Total.

1916.

Burmalı,

1

I

65

Japan,

88

18

13

119

71

Straits Settlements, Malay Peninsula,

9,329

1,094

3,552

13,975

21,599

Dutch Indies,

630

94

492

1,216

1,177

Borneo,

357

103

168

628

280

Honolulu,

30

7

29

66

115

Central America,

9

1

10

20

12

Canada,

31

31

125

United States of America,

44

308

366

510

Mexico,

11

18

17

South America,

23

3

32

58

62

Mauritius,

Australia,

India,

Africa,..

Cuba,

Fiji Islands,

·

16

14

30

190

1

4

10

15

51

17

28

96

73

1

4

5

59

70

70

8

Total, 1917,

10,591

1,352

4,766

16,709

Total, 1916,.

15,664

2,013

6,701

24,378

24,378

C 18-

C 19

Table V.

Number of Assisted Emigrants.

Rejected.

Year.

Examined. Passed.

Un- willing.

Rejected Rejected

at S.C.A. as unfit.

Total

Percentage

by

rejected Doctor.

of rejection.

1915, .....

1916,.

7.618 5,764

47

69

74

190

2.49

1917,

25,357

20,658 15,265

17,665

204

201

177

582

2-29

626

292

154

1,072

5-18

Treatment of Rejected Emigrants for 1917.

Sent home through Tung Wa Hospital at expense

of boarding houses,.

900

Sent away without help,.

26

Sent back to boarding, houses to be cured out of the

number rejected by doctor,....

146

Total rejected,.............

1,072

Native Districts of Assisted Emigrants.

West River,

1,694

East River,

3.251

North River,

678

Canton,..

1,383

Delta,

719

Kwong Sai.

4,278

Southern Districts,

2,344

Mandarin, (Hunan, Kwong Sai, and Kiang Si),

918

15,265

Total,..

Destinations of Assisted Emigrants.

Whither bound.

Male assisted Emigrants.

1917.

1916.

Straits Settlements and F.M.S.,

**

British North Borneo,

8,862 581

9,385

20

Dutch Indies :-

Banka,

Billiton,

3.286 2,234

8.260

Batavia,

107

Balikpapan,..

195

Total,

15,265

17,665

"

C 20

Table VI.

Statement of Receipts and Expenditure relative to the Hongkong District Watchmen's

Fund for the year 1917.

Receipts.

Expenditure.

C.

*

C.

C.

To Balance,

24,844

By Wages and Salaries :-

**

Contributions,

Chief District Watchmen, Assistant Chief District Watch-

1,575

27,713

men,

1,773

Detectives,

1,386

Grant by Government,..

2,000

1st Class District Watchmen,

4,382

2nd

6.600

"

::

梦梦

**

Payment for Special Services,

400

3rd

580

**

Allowance to Chief District

Watchmen and Detectives,

894

Interest,..

874

Medal Allowance,.....

372

Instructors Allowance,

96

17,659 : 55

Fines,.....

16

22

22

Rent from Mr. So Pui for the late Mr. Ch'an Yui-tong for permis- sion to erect the iron gate on I. L. No. 680 for the year 1917,

1

Miscellaneous

Cooks,.

Coolies,

Messenger...

504

480

72

1,056

Office Staff:-

"

Manager,

BOS

Writer,

60

Interpreter,

Clerk,

31

30

Collector,

360

789

50

Total.......

19,505 05

#

Other Charges

Crown Rent,

6

Uniform and Equipment,

587

Stationery and Printing......

195

Rewards,

35

Gratuities,

16

Oil and Kerosine,..

413

Premium on Fire Policies,

527

Reut for Telephone.

237

Fittings and Repairs,

527

Coolie Hire and Conveyance

Allowance,

99

Furniture,

70

Conservancy,

55

Loss on Exchange,

33

Photographs,

5

Sundries,

234

8,074

87

Pension:-

Ex C.D.W. So Tai, Cheung Kam, Wan

Fuk, and Au Pún's widow,

540

1

Retiring Allowance

Gratuities to D.W. Chiu Chiu and Lo

Fai for retiring,

400

Interest :-

Interest ou Hongkong Government 6%

War Loan,

129 86

Total Expenditure,.

27

Balance,

23,649 78 32,200 90

Total,

.$ 55,850 68

Total,........ $ 55,850 68

Hongkong Government 6% War Loan,

Disposal of Balance :-

At Current Account, In Hand,

Total,.......................

*

Cents omitted, except in the totals.

.$28,000.00

4,124.53 76.37

$32,200.90

:

!

Patients.

Remaining in Hospital

on 31st December, 1916.

Treatment.

Chinese

Treatment.

European

Total.

Total number of pa- tients under treatment.

Discharged.

Deaths.

Table VII.

Number of Patients under treatment and other statisties concerning the

Admitted.

Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1917.

Out-patients.

Remaining in Hospital

on 31st December, 1917.

Treatment.

Chinese

Treatineut. European

Total.

Vaccination.

Dead bodies brought to Hospital Mortuary

for burial.

Destitutes sent home.

Male,

Female,

202 2,601|1,3163,917 | 4,1192,853 | 1,088

178

73,665 9,926 83,591 | 6,645

61 530 642 1,172 |1,233 811 367

55

43,306 6,987 50,293

Total,.

..་་

Total for 1916,

263 3,131 1,958 5,089 5,352 3,664 1,455

232|3,181 |2,067|5,248 | 5,480 | 3,784 |1,433:

J

9361,115

500

233 116,971 16,913 133,884 6,645 1,436 1,115

263 115,020 18,002 [133,022 4,831 1,659 745

- C 21

- C 22

Table VIII.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Tung Wa Hospital for the Ting Tsz Year (1917).

Receipts.

Amount.

$

Payments.

Amouut.

Balance brought forward from Ping San

Year, (1916),

35,626

22

By Food for Staff,

Salaries and Wages,.

6,440

19,450

??

Sick room expenses,

1,848

To Subscriptious:--

To rent of Hospital property,..

1. Annual Subscriptions of Hongs, ....| 11,264

2. Subscriptions collected on Steamers,

45,111

Patients' food, etc.,

16,388

Chinese drugs,

20,996

39

European drugs,

7,398

""

Light,...

2,670

""

Passage money

to patients and

destitutes,

343

2,827

Repairs,..

3,501

Repairs to Hospital property,

1,588

3.

وو

and Donations,

1,522

Insurance,

563

"

""

Crown Rent,

1,250

4.

*

from wealthy persons,

2,970

Stationery, Telegrams, Stamps and

Advertisements,

1,218

5.

for the supply of

Sundries and bonus,

336

"

medicines, quilted clothing, coffins,

""

Expenses for Small-pox Hospital,

3,215

and shronds,

2.426

""

Construction and repair of Mor-

tuary,

315

6. Subscriptions by Directors, Assistant

Directors, and Committee,

""

Subscription to the Kwong Wa

3,551

24,571

Hospital and the Fong Pin Hospital,

:

:

3,000

To Government Graut,

8,000

90.527

Grant from Man Mo Temple,

2,500

"

""

Burial of bodies from Government

Mortuary, (Victoria), ...

1,503

Interest.

10,650

>>

Coffins for bodies from Government

Mortuary, (Victoria),.

2,405

Contribution towards Mortuary ex-

penses,

Burial of bodies by Tung Wa Hos-

1,390

pital,

3,021

""

Coffins for bodies buried by Tung

""

Premium on notes, and discount on

goods purchased,

Wa Hospital,............

5,071

579

12,001

Payment for medicines, sale of kitchen. refuse, and rent of Mortuary and Sundries,

14,362

Total,

102,528

39

Interest yielded by Hongkong War

Loan Bonds,

3,000

27

Contribution from the Ko Shing and

Kau Fong Theatres,

3,468

"

Balance,.

49,131

";

Contributions by tenants of Hospital

property,

2,400

Grand Total,........

:

:

$151,659.95

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Grand Total,....

*

151,659.95

1

1.

Table IX.

Statement of Assets and Liabilities of the Tung Wa Hospital at the close of the Ting Tsz Year (1917). -

Liabilities.

Amount.

Assets.

Amount.

*

*

*

To Loan from Relief Fund,..

8,440

""

""

وو

Cheap Sale of Rice Fund,.| 29,681

Man Mo Temple Fund,

5,860

""

}}

San Francisco Relief Fund,

5,470

""

""

Further Loan from Man Mo Temple

""

Fund,

6,000

""

Further Loan from Cheap Sale of Rice

Fund,.

38,887

Loan from Hospital Extension Fund, 15,226

>>

109,566

By Bank Balance at close of year :- With Shanghai Bank,

House Property (original value) 2 houses in Bonham Strand and Jervois Street,

1 house in Wing Lok Street (includ- ing cost of additions to building),. 10 houses in Aberdeen Street and Tung Wa Lane (including cost of additions to building),

10,400

8,108

49,131

14,900

2 houses in Connaught Road and Des Voeux Road,

17,386

Balance of Assets over Liabilities,

166,419

7 houses in Queen's Road West

(including cost of additions to building),

30,363

2 houses in Bonham Strand West,

26,000

3 houses in Bonham Strand,

15,000

10 houses in Po Yan Street and New Street (at present used as Plague

Total,....

Hospital),

By British War Loans,

$275,985.87

Total,.

54,697

176,854

50,000

$275,985.87

Subscriptions not yet paid

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

From Hongs,

Individuals,

>>

$ 990

1,250

$2,240

- O 23

1.

་།

Receipts.

Table X.

Emergency Fund: Ting Tsz Year (1917).

Amount.

Payments.

}

Amount.

*

Balance from Ping San Year (1916).

Interest,

61,329

1,595

Gift to boatman Cheung Shing-wa,....................

50

Balance,

62,875

Total,.

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

62,925.11

Total,

62,925.11

C 24

Receipts.

Table XI.

Man Mo Temple Fund: Ting Tsz Year (1917).

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

Balance from Ping San Year (1916),

11,232

Tung Wa Hospital,

2,500

Temple Keeper,.......

4,730

Free Schools and sundries,

......

8,980

Rent of temple property,

8,658

Refund of deposit,

435

Interest,

345

Refund of Crown Rent,

19

Refund of Police rates for the free school,

117

Repairs to Temple property and Free School, Police Rates, Crown Rent, and Insurance Premium,

1,498

1,744

Deposits,....

255

Deposits forfeited,

10

Water Rates for huts before Temple, Installation of water fountain before Temple,| Balance,

48

30

10,131

Total,...$

25,369.20

Total,.

$

25,369.20

Cents omitted except in the totals.

C 25

Revenue.

Table XII.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Brewin Charity 1917.

Amount.

Expenditure.

$

**

Amount.

*

To Balance from 1916,

Rent from shop property in Temple Street,. ", Subscriptions,

8,165

5,703

>>

470

By Charity given to widows and orphans, Fees for Hawkers' Licences,

,, Photographs,

Police rates paid for Temple Street property,.

1,908

6

1

686

""

""

Deposit by Chan Ma-kan,

750

Salary for rent collector Mr. Leung Fuk- chi, (at $15 per month),

195

""

Interest on deposits with Shanghai Bank,...

106

Fares for launch and tram car for rent collector,..

7

"}

""

29

Commission on insurance for Temple Street property,

""

183

""

""

Stamps, receipts, and printed matters,........ Repairs to Temple Street property,... Crown Rent on the above property for 1917, Insurance for the above property, Salary to accountant Mr. Chan Yik Wan, (at $5 per month),..

20

100

103

525

65

""

Balance,

11,760†

Grand Total,.

15,379.60

Grand Total,..

...$

15,379.60

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

† By Deposit with Tung Wa Hospital,.$ 720

""

??

99

""

Shanghai Bank, ...... 6,039

War Bonds bought from Union

Insurance Co.,

5,000

$11,760

C 26

Patients.

Table XIII.

Number of Patients under treatment and other statistics concerning the Kwong Wa Hospital during the year 1917.

on 31st December, 1916. Remaining in Hospital

Chinese Treatment.

European Treatment.

Total.

Admitted.

Total Number of pa- tients under treatment.

Discharged.

Deaths.

Remaining in Hospital

on 31st December, 1917.

Chinese Treatment.

European Treatment.

Total.

Out-patients.

Vaccinations.

Dead bodies brought to Hospital Mortuary for burial.

Destitutes sent home.

Male,

78

986

780 1,766 1,844 | 1,286

466

92

5,765 11,105 16,870 1,558

162

Female,

42

306 316 622 664 397

231

36

4,870 10,748 15,6181,829

106

Total,

120 1,292 1,096 2,388 2,508 1,683

697

128 10,635 21,853 32,488 3,387

268

Total for 1916,

66

1,100 1,3052,405 2,504 1,708

676

120

10,451 21,463 31,914 396

201

:

:.

O 27 -

C 28

Table XIV.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Kwong Wa Hospital

for the Ting Tsz Year (1917).

Receipts.

Amount.

Payments.

A mount.

*

Balance brought forward from

Ping San Year (1916),

354

Refund of loan to Tung Wa

Hospital,

19,716

Government Grant,

8,500

Salaries and wages,

7,497

Loan from Tung Wa Hospital,...)

23,053

Food for staff,

2,178

Contribution from Tung Wa

Patients' food and washing,

5,267

Hospital,..

2,000

Sick room expenses,

662

Subscriptions from

from charitable

Coal,....

772

persons,

1,277

European drugs,

6,698

Subscription from house to

Chinese drugs,

2,642

house in Yaumati,

120

Stationery, stamps, and adver-

Subscriptions from Ko Shing

tisements,

991

and Tai Ping Theatres,

2,179

Light,

517

Contribution from Wa Fong and

Telephone,

79

Tai Wo, photographers,...

400

Repairs,

104

Contribution from Yaumati Ferry

Discount on sub.-coius,

5

Launch Companies,

1,500

Sundries,

450

Contribution from

Chinese

Bonus to servants,

165

Public Dispensary,

5,977

Coffins,

2,162

Contribution by Chan Kang-ü,

Burial expenses (apart from

from proceeds of theatrical

coffins),

240

performance given by him, ......

4,000

Burial of bodies from Yaumati

Fees from patients,

533

Mortuary,

309

Payments for Chinese medicine,

503

Fees from private patients,

164

Expenses of Small-pox Hospital,

Yaumati,

47

Premium on dollars and ten cent

Grave stones,

128

pieces,

84

Payment for kitchen refuse,

165

$

50,639

Petty receipts,

122

Cash with Manager,

297

Grand Total,...

$

50,936.69

Total,.....

50,936.69

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

C 29

Table XV.

Summary of work done by the Chinese Public Dispensaries: Victoria, Harbour, Shaukiwan, and Kowloon Peninsula.

Description.

Grand Grand

Total. Total Total

1916.

1917.

New Cases,....

Return Cases,

57,567 46,437

Total,........

104,004 105,964

""

"

for midwives,

Certificates of nature of disease issued,

cause of death,

Patients removed to hospital by ambulance,...

Corpses removed to hospital or mortuary,. Attendances at cleansing of infected premises, Compensation, claims sent in,...

Applications received for coffins,

Infants brought to Dispensaries, (alive),

51

28

351

366

421

419

1,422

1,605

276

405

1

644

866

182

172

98

"

(dead),....

1,562

Total,......

1,660

2,133

Vaccinations at private houses,

1,964

""

,, Dispensaries,

37,441

...

Total.....

39,405

22,120

!

To Balance,

Table XVI.

Chinese Public Dispensaries: Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1917.

Receipts.

*

$

*

Expenditure.

*

C.

*

Government Grant,

Donation from :—

Tai Ping Theatre,

San Theatre,

Ko Shing Theatre,.

Donation for permission to hold the-

40,234

2,000

5,250

2,288

219

Maintenance of Dispensaries, Victoria, 20,129

A

>>

"

Dispensary, Harbour

ל,

and Yaumati,| 4,770

""

Shaukiwan, . 3,976

c.*

atrical performances from :--

Kowloon City, 1,313 |†

Committee of Tam Kung Tem-

100

ple at Wong Nei Chung...

30,190

Committee of Tam Kung Tem-

100

ple at Causeway Bay, ...

Balance :-

Committee of Fung Sin Kú Į Temple at Causeway Bay,.

100

On fixed deposit,

20,000

Subscriptions, Land,

16,027

Harbour,

8,821

At Current Account,

29,850

Shankiwan,

2,324

"

Kowloon City,

1,1877

In hand,.

139

""

36,418

Advance to Dispensaries Clerks,

120

Interest,

Rent of house No. 3, Aberdeen Street, Balance of subscription of Kowloon City Dispensary transferred to the Chinese Public Dispensaries General Fund Account,..

Total,.

771

1,272

103

$ 80,800 35

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Total,..

$ 80,800

† Accounts for the second half-year administered under the Chinese Public Dispensaries General Fund.

""

>>

Alice Memorial Hos- pital for purchase of drugs,

500

50,609

35

C 30

C 31

Table XVII.

Kowloon Peninsula Dispensaries.

Statement of Accounts ending 31st December, 1917.

Description.

Hong-Kowloon

Hung Kowloon Sham-

hom.

$

1.966 2,655

*

City. shuipo.

$

241

802

*

$ 1,323

C.

636

*

Receipts :-

To Balance,

403

600

460

2,076

Subscriptions,

Donations from :-

Po Hing Theatre,

Kún Yam Temple,

Hau Wong Temple,

Tin Hau and Kwan Tai Temples,

......

Donation for permission to hold theatrical

performances from :-

Hop Yik Company,

Mr. Ip Tsz-kwan,

Committee of Tin Hau Temple,

To Kwa Wan,

Proceeds of theatrical performances in

aid of the Dispensary Fand,

Balance of subscriptions towards the building of Sam Tai Tsz Temple transferred by the Committee,

600

300

100

:

717

:

174

Total,

6,624.90 1,503.37 | 4,928.25

Expenditure:

Through Secretariat for Chinese Affairs, ... 1,590 By Local Committee,

744 2,044

1,449

655

1,577

Balance transferred to the Chinese Public

Dispensaries General Fund,

103

Total,

3,039.84 1,503.37 3,621.74

Balance :-

With Local Committee,

At Secretariat for Chinese Affairs,

1,238

52

2,346

1,253

Total,

..$ 3,585.06

1,306.51

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

† Accounts for the second half-year administered under the Chinese

Public Dispensaries General Fund.

Number of deaths.

Number certified.

Table XVIII.

Deaths of Chinese in Hongkong and Kowloon during 1917 showing number in which the cause of death was duly certified and number in which a post-mortem examination was held.

1

2

4

C

10

7

uncertified.

Number

Victoria,

6,565

2,681

3,884

40.8

149

2.3

15

0.2

Harbour,.

1,051

316

735

30.0

28

2.7

3

0.3

Kowloon,...

2,235

1,044

1,191

46.7

0

0

Shaukiwan,.

272

36

236

13.2

1

0.4

0

Other villages in Hongkong,

121

14

107

11.6

(

0

0.0

0

0.0

0.0

Total,.

10,244

4,091

6,153

39.9

178

1.7

18

0.2

Percentage of

3 to 2.

Number examined

after death and not

sent to mortuary.

Percentage of

6 to 2.

Number sent to

mortuary.

Percentage of 8 to 2.

C 32

6

Table XIX.

Monthly Return of Bodies of Chinese considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year 1917.

January,

February,

March,.

April,

May,

June,

July,

Victoria.

Victoria.

Month.

Harbour. Kowloon.!

Total.

West.

Central. East.

August,

September,

October,

November,

December,

Grand Total,

Total for 1916,

Hongkong outside

Victoria.

New Territories.

Total.

Grand

Total.

35

93

19

39

13

12

**2

31

159

28

86

19

77

31

50

8

33

19

33

9

5

4

18

12

40

11

6

11

28

23

37

5

10

12

648423

68222

4

15

29

22

24

2-OOO-OO

121

280

85

162

58

91

58

76

64

92

42

57

32

54

8

22

22

38

60

10

22

22

27

49

7

11

I

17

21

32

13

10

35

3

25

30

65

10

7

19

2

22

29

48

132

202

127

461

141

407

53

4

605

1,066 *

285

142

104

531

146

286

87

520

1,051 †

* In 1917, of 1,066, 317 were taken to Chinese Public Dispensaries. † In 1916, of 1,051, 521 were taken to Chinese Public Dispensaries.

33 -

C 34

Table XX.

Return of Bodies abandoned for the years 1915, 1916, and 1917.

(Figures supplied by the Police Department.)

Male.

1915.

Female.

Unknown.

Over

15 years.

15 years and under.

Over

15 years.

15 years and under.

Victoria,

21

Kowloon,...

11

Harbour,

Elsewhere,

9

တယ်လ

24

1

29

79

2

76

23

15

11

Total,

52

132

131

Victoria, Kowloon,.. Harbour, Elsewhere,

28

me to my co

38

102

81

34

17

1916.

444

103

77

34

12

Over

15 years.

15 years

and under.

:

10 C

: 6 0 0

Total.

75

174 56

29

11

334

250

183

101

36

Total,

87 234

13

226

10

570

Victoria, Kowloon,... Harbour, Elsewhere,

1917.

15

5643

160 110

4 168

112

61

13

38

:32

59

28.

2 10 10 3

349

233

142

74

Total,

28

369

19 367

15

798

4.

3

Table XXI.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Chinese Permanent Cometery for 1917.

Receipts.

Payments.

34

C.

C 35 -

To Balance,

6,583.41 | By rent of telephone,

$

158.64

"

""

Interest from Shanghai Bank,

63.00

Sale of 45 lots,.

1,960.00

Wages of coolies engaged by Superintendent of Botanical and Forestry Department,.. Wages of Hui Yung & other gardeners, ... Sundries,

14.00

506.00

12.65

"

""

Repairs by Hop Kee and stone tablets,

658.00

Stone Embankment,

70.00

>>

Crown rent for wharf,

1.50

""

""

Stamps,

2.00

33

Sale of vacant ground in front of graves,

1,351.00

""

To Wing Chun Un for trees,

284.50

,,

Wages & launch hire for gardeners through

Hui Yung,

27.28

"

Advertisement by Tsun Wan Yat Po,

""

4.60

Wa Tsz Yat Po,.

4.00

""

""

4 boards by Mi Shut To Ip Company,

Wages for 59 female grass-cutters through Hui Yung,

17.70

5.20

>>

2 Receipt Books by the Eastern Printing Office,

1.20

27

Wages to temporary labourers for opening

9 lots,

177.70

""

,, a portion of road built by Hni Lit,

>>

1 folding ladder,.

19

Balance,

,, Soldering of watering-cans by Tak Lec, ... Repairs of hoes by Ki Lee,

70!

2.67

750.00

4.80

2,633.14

7,394.27

Total,.

.$10,027.41

Disposal of Balance.

Deposit with Shanghai Bank,

Total,

..$ 1,413.38

Tai San Bank,

2,000.00

War Bonds,

3,000,00

Cash in hand,

980.89

Total,

7,394.27

10,027.41

To Balance,

}}

Rent of Stalls,

Table XXII.

Chinese Recreation Ground: Receipts and Expenditure, 1917.

Receipts.

Payments.

6,804

By Wages of Watchmen, etc.,

3,589

Water Account,

""

Miscellaneous,

""

Balance,

>>

Total,.

$ 10,394.35

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

558

147

42

9,646

*

Total,.....

10,394.3.5

- C 36

Table XXIII.

Statement of Accounts of Passage Money Fund.

Receipts.

Payments.

To Balance on fixed deposit,

..$4,250

By Gifts to 20 women on being married,

41

""

""

on Current Account, in hand,

3,340

Annual Charitable Allowance to two per-

""

72

51

sons,

""

7,641

>>

""

Subscription to Alice Memorial Hospital,

""

Eyre Diocesan Refuge,

50

170

""

Passage Money received,

$1,201

Gifts in aid of repatriation of emigrants...........

63

"}

Less Refunds,

876

""

Small gifts to distressed persons,

36

325

"

Refund of advance to Tsui Yau, fitter at Basra,|

39

}}"

Passage, etc., for Ruby Young and

Interest on Fixed Deposit,

170

""

on Current Account,.

114

""

>>

284

fitter, deceased,

}}

Passage for Mary Mandat and children to Foochow,

family to Sydney,

Less Refund by Sydney Government,.

Advance of wages to next-of-kin of Li Fuk,

Miscellaneous,..

15

$ 591

584

7

74

44

Miscellaneous,

16

>>

Balance on fixed deposit,

$4,250

on Current Account,

3,414

in hand,

69

7,733

Total,

8,307.01

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

C 37

Total,

$ 8,307.01

Table XXIV.

Prosecutions under Ordinances No. 3 of 1888, No. 30 of 1915, and No. 4 of 1897.

Offence.

Convicted.

No. of

Cases.

Discharged.

Male.

Female. Male.

Female.

Remarks.

186

183

3

2

co:

3

::

3

30

Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.

Bills,-Posting without permission,

Fireworks, Discharging without permits, .... Drums and Gongs,-Night noises by beating, Processions,--Organising in the public streets without permit,........

Householders' Registration,-Failing to register,... Ordinance No. 30 of 1915.

Decoying men or boys into or out of the Colony,...[ Emigration House offences,

Personating emigrants,

Sending assisted emigrants out of the Colony with- out notifying the Secretary for Chinese Affairs,

Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.

Abduction of girls under 21,

1

...

...

10

3

::

00

:

:

: :

:

00

1

2

1

Decoying women and girls into or away from the Colony,

9

7

Detaining, harbouring, or receiving women or girls,... Procuring women or girls to be common prostitutes,. Procuring girls under age to have carnal con- nection,

2

1

1

1

1

:

:

Deriving profits from prostitution and trading in

women,

27

6

19

2

1

C 38 -

C 39

Annexe A.

Report on the work of the Po Leung Kuk for the year 1917.

The following gentlemen were elected in March to serve as the Managing Committee for the year:-

Chu Tze-hing,

Yu King-sbu,

Lei King-lau,

Chan Lok-chun,

Lau Kei-wa,

To Sz-tun,

Lei Yik-mui,

Kwan Fong-kuk, Chau U-ting, Wong Fa-nung, Wong Ping-sun,

Ho Mun-sang,

The number of inmates in the Po Leung Kuk on January 1st, 1917, was 78, and 450 persons were admitted during the year as against 590 in 1916. The circumstances of their admission and the action taken in regard to them are set out in Table A.

One hundred and fifty-eight (158) women and girls were committed under warrant and 213 were admitted without warrant. Of the remainder, 42 were lost children, 7 were accompanied by parent or guardian, and 30 were runaway maid-servants.

On leaving the Kuk 150 women and girls were restored to their husbands or other relatives; 54 were sent to charitable institutions in China, 26 were given in adoption, and 20 married. The number released under bond was 21; 10 cases were sent to the Eyre Refuge, Italian Convent, or Victoria Home; and 3 were sent home by the French Consul. The number of inmates remain- ing in the Kuk on the 31st December was 51.

The income and expenditure during the year, and the assets and liabilities of the institution, are set out in Tables B and C attached.

The accounts of the Managing Committee in the customary form have been audited by Messrs. Chu Tze-hing and To Sz-tun. The balance to the credit of the Society at the end of the year was $20,994 as compared with $19,742 at the end of 1916.

The institution was visited monthly by Justices of the Peace, Messrs. A. Mackenzie and Chau Siu-ki who on no occasion found cause for adverse comment. The average monthly number of

inmates was 51.

The matron reports favourably on the conduct, health, and industry of the inmates during the year. There were 150 cases of sickness, of which 40 were sent to the Tung Wa Hospital for treat- ment, and of these 3 died.

E. R. HALLIFAX, Secretary for Chinese Affairs,

President.

10th May, 1918.

Table A.

Number of Women and Girls admitted to the Po Leung Kuk during the year 1917 and the

arrangements made regarding them.

January, 1917,

In the Po Leung Kuk on 1st

Committed under Warrant from the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs Committed under Warrant from

the Emigration Office. Pending the opening of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs. Sent with their own consent by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. Sent with their own consent from Singapore, Manila and Swatow. Sent with their own consent by the Police.

Lost Children.

Accompanying parents or guardians.

Runaway maid-servants.

Total.

Released after enquiry.

Released under bond.

Placed in charge of husband.

Placed in charge of parents and relatives.

Sent to Charitable Institutions

in China.

Sent to School, Convent,

or Refuge,

Adopted.

Married.

Sent to French Consul to be sent home.

Died.

Cases under consideration.

Total.

co

S

Admitted during the year, ... 118]

7

20

37 93

40 37

93 18

Total,

126

47 37 113 18

Remaining in the Po Leung

24

7

65 4

42

ber, 1917, ...................... Kuk on the 31st Decem-

4

11

19]

8

12

78

༈ ...

...

6

17

9

11

p

2

1 5

78

30 150 184 21 23 118 37 1 9 9 1 1 46

6

450

528 191 21 | 23 |127| 54

15

10 | 26 | 20

3

2

51

528

51

C 40

:

Table B.

Po LEUNG KUK.

Statement of Receipts and Expenditure from 1st January to 31st December, 1917.

A

EXPENDITURE.

RECEIPTS.

Balance from previous year :---

On Fixed Deposit,

18,000

At Current Account,

1,742

19,742

Balance :-

Subscriptions:--

By the Elected Committee :-- (see Table C),

On Fixed Deposit,

At Current Account,

Yue Lan Celebrations, West Point,.........

392

Elected Committee,

300

Guilds,

4,801

Man Mo Temple,

1,272

Theatres,

1,250

Boy adoptions,

55

8,070

Interest :-

On Deposit,

On Current Account,

1,000

231

1,231

Total,.

.$ 29,044.72

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

*

C.

$

C.

8,050

19,000

1,994

20,994

C 41

Total,.

29,044.72

Table C.

Statement showing particulars of Expenditure by the Elected Committee from 1st January to 31st December, 1917.

EXPENDITURE.

RECEIPTS.

Balance from previous year,

53

Decorations,

Received from Permanent Board,.

8,050

Food,....

Miscellaneous Receipts,...

48

Light and Fire,

Premium on bank notes,

17

Miscellaneous,

Passage Money,

Total,.........$

Petty Expenditure,

Printing,

Repairs,...

Stationery,

Telephone,

Insurance,

Wages,

Balance,

8,168.89

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Total,.

C.

51

2,845

809

*

*

c.*

C 42 -

402

173

224

146

187

109

79

321

2,669

8,020

148

8,168.89

·

Appendix D.

REPORT OF THE HARBOUR MASTER

FOR THE YEAR 1917.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

REPORT.

1.-Shipping.

2.-Trade.

3. Revenue and Expenditure. 4.-Steam-launches. 5.-Emigration and Immigration. 6.-Registry of Shipping. 7.-Marine Magistrate's Court. 8. Marine Court.

10.

9.- Examination of Masters,

Mates, and Engineers. Examination of Pilots. 11. Sunday Cargo Working. 12.-New Territories. 13.-Lighthouses.

14. Commercial Intelligence, Board of Trade.

TABLES.

I-Number, Tonnage, Crews, and Cargoes of Vessels entered. II.-Number, Tonnage, Crews, and Cargoes of Vessels cleared. III-Number, Tonnage, Crews, and Cargoes of Vessels entered

at each Port.

IV-Number, Tonnage, Crews, and Cargoes of Vessels cleared

at each Port.

V.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each Nation

entered.

VI.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each Nation

cleared.

VII.-Junks entered from China and Macao. VIII.-Junks cleared for China and Macao.

IX. Summary of Arrivals and Departures of all Vessels.

X.-Licensed Steam-launches entered. XI.-Licensed Steam-launches cleared. XII-Number of Boat Licences issued.

XIII.--Statement of Revenue.

XIV. Chinese Passenger Ships cleared by the Emigration Officer

(Summary).

XV. Return of Emigration.

XVI.—Return of Male and Female Emigrants.

XVII-Vessels bringing Chinese Passengers to Hongkong from

places out of China (Summary).

XVIII. Return of Immigration.

XIX. Return of Male and Female Emigrants returned.

D 2

XX.-Vessels registered.

XXI.-Vessels struck off the Register.

XXII. Comparison in Number and Tonnage of Vessels in Foreign

Trade entered and cleared since 1908.

XXIII.-Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department. XXIV.-Diagram of Tonnage of Vessels entered.

ANNEXES.

A.Report on Mercantile Marine Office. B.-Report on Marine Surveyor's Office. C.-Report on Gunpowder Depôt.

1.-Shipping.

1. The total of the Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1917 amounted to 621,090 vessels of 34,105,067 tons, which, compared with the figures for 1916, shows a decrease of 21,704 vessels, with a decrease of 2,276,390 tons.

Of the above, 48,026 vessels of 20,547,119 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade, as compared with 48,350 vessels of 22,308,311 tons in 1916, and were distributed as follows:-

1916. Numbers.

1917. Numbers.

1916. Tonnage.

1917. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

"

going Ships, 7.7 %

6.3%

30.8 %

25.3%

Foreign Ocean-

going Ships,

78

8.6

30.7

34.6

British River

Steamers,

14.6

13.8

18.5

19.5

Foreign River

Steamers, ...

4.7

3.4

4.7

4.1

Steam-launches

(under 60

tons),

13.3

13.6

10

0.9

Trading Junks,

519

54.3

14.3

15.6

100'0

100.0

100·0

100.0

N.B.-The movements of Fishing Junks are not included in this Table.

2. Of vessels of European construction, 3,570 Ocean Steamers, 3 Sailing Ships, 4,135 River Steamers, and 3,223 Steamships not exceeding 60 tons entered during the year, giving a daily average of 299 ships, as compared with 319 in 1916, and 316 in 1915.

D 3

3. The average tonnage of individual Ocean Vessels entering the Port has increased from 2,2389 tons to 2,2649 tons. That of British Ships has decreased from 2,5597 tons to 2,4720 tons, while that of Foreign Ships has increased from 2,032.2 tons to 2,042-0 tons.

The average tonnage of individual River Steamers entering during the year has decreased from 453'0 tons to 3102 tons.

That of British River Steamers has decreased from 5112 tons to 503-3 tons, and that of Foreign River Steamers has increased from 364 tons to 393 2 tons.

4. A comparison between the years 1916 and 1917 is given in the following table:-

1916.

1917.

Increase.

Decrease.

Class of Vessels.

No.

Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

No.

Tonnage.No. Tonnage.

British Ocean- )

3,721

going,

Foreign Ocean-

3,797

6,868,743| 3,004| 5,168,058

6,859,349 | 4,140| 7,121,490 343

717 700,685

262,141

**

going,

British River 7,017

4,127,051|6,665| 3,990,537

352

Steamers,

Foreign River

2,288

1,039,197 1,619 842,696

:

:

:

127,514

669

196,501

Steamers,

Steamships un-

der 60 tons

(Foreign

6,450

212,350 | 6,531 198,060 81

22,290

Trade),

Junks, Foreign 25,047 3,201,621|26,007

3,217,278 1,020

15,657

Trade,...

Trade,.....

Total, Foreign 48,320 22,308,311 48,026 20,547,119 1,414 277,798 1,738 1,046,990

Steam-launches

plying in

Waters of

558,988 | 12,632,776 | 548,536|12,423,736

:

Colony,

Junks, Local

Trade,

*35,456* 1,440,370 | +24,528 |

+856,470

|10,452 209,010

10,921 583,990

Grand Total,

G42,764 36,381,457 €21,090 33,827,325 | 1,444 277,798 23,1111,840,020

Net Decrease,..

21,667 1,562,222

* Including 10,082 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 503,932 tons.

11.988

**

of 665,548

D 4

5. This table shows a decrease in British Ocean-going Ship- ping of 717 ships, or 23.8 per cent., and a decrease of 700,685 tons or 138 per cent. This is due to a larger number of coasting steamers and regular lines to India and other countries being chartered by the Government and employed in other waters.

British River Steamers have decreased by 35 2 ships and 127,514 tons or 5'2 per cent in numbers and 32 per cent in tonnage. This is due to the Shun Lee and Wa Sun trading between Ports outside the Colony for the most part of the year.

Foreign Ocean-going Vessels have increased by 343 ships of 262,141 tons or 83 per cent. in numbers and 36 per cent. in tonnage. This is explained by a small increase in Chinese, French, Portuguese, and American ships of smaller tonnage and a large increase in Dutch ships of a larger tonnage.

Foreign River Steamers show a decrease of 669 ships of 196,501 tons or 413 per cent. in numbers and 233 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to the Shing Cheong and Luen On being taken off the run early in the year and since sold.

In Steamships not exceeding 60 tons employed in Foreign Trade there is an increase of 81 ships and an increase of 22,290 tons or 13 per cent. in numbers and 112 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to a greater demand for towage of junks to Canton with coal and rice.

Junks in Foreign Trade show an increase of 1,020 vessels of 15,657 tons or 39 per cent. in numbers and 49 per cent. in tonnage. This increase may mostly be put down to a greater demand on the carriage of coal to Canton formerly carried by ocean steamers.

In Local Trade (i.e., trade between places within the Waters of the Colony), there is a decrease in Steam Launches of 10,452 vessels with a decrease in tonnage of 209,040 tons or 1'9 per cent. in numbers and 16 per cent. in tonnage. This is due to the increase in Foreign Trade and to several launches being laid up as the owners found it too expensive to run them on account of the expense of coal.

Junks show a decrease of 10,921 vessels and 583,990 tons or 445 per cent. in numbers and 682 per cent. in tonnage. This is chiefly due to reclamation of foreshores in the Colony being at a standstill on which to a great extent this trade depends a number of stone junks being laid up.

6. The actual number of individual Ocean-going Vessels of European construction during 1917 was 750 of which 259 were British and 491 Foreign. In 1916 the corresponding figures were 717, 281 British and 436 Foreign.

These 750 ships measured 1,642,911 tons. They entered 4,023 times and gave a collective tonnage of 6,150,334.

Thus 33 more ships entered 262 more times and gave a collective tonnage reduced by 704,830 tons, an average of 2,690 2 tons per entry.

--

D 5

Thus:

Steamers.

No. of Times entered.

Total Tonnage.

Flag.

1916. 1917. 1916. 1917. |

1916.

1917.

British {

Steamers! 281

2571,858

1,501 3,424,457 2,582,521

Sailing...

2

Steamers

271

268

987

2 1,507 2,104,307 2,110,499

3,205

Japanese

Sailing..

1

I

I

1

Norwegian,

37

164

138

Chinese,

54

305

328

75 168,156 165,536

306,793 335,475

75

Danish,

4

6

13,440 16,360

Dutch,

24

135

156

359,713 427,585

French,

19

24

134

155

269,437 250,831

Portuguese,

5

15

101

142

48,151 67,972

Russian,

16

5

16,642

6,721

Siamese,

1

1

810

4,072

Swedish,

5

8

4

24,582

10.825

U.S.A.,

24

36

47

74

118,601

164,792

Italian...

1

3.420

No Flag,

1

1

445

Total,.

717 750 3,761 4,023 6,855,1646,150,334

7. The 259 British ships carried 2,181 British officers and 58 Foreign officers, the latter consisting of 16 Norwegians, 13 Americans, 8 Danes, 5 Swiss, 7 Japanese, 4 Dutch, 2 Belgians, and 3 Russians.

Thus, the proportion of Foreign officers in British ships was 265 per cent., comprising 8 nationalities, an increase of 44 per cent, with a decrease in number of officers and ships.

8. The 491 Foreign ships carried 3,432 officers, of whom 58 were British, as follows:-

1916.

1917.

In Chinese ships

49

42

>>

Japanese ships

3

"

French ships

-"

Russian ships

1

United States ships -

15

11

69

58

Thus 16 per cent of the officers serving in Foreign ships were of British nationality, with a decrease in the number of officers and an increase in the number of ships.

D 6

9. The Nationality of the Crews in British and in Foreign ships was as follows:-

AMERICANS

VESSELS.

BRITISH CREW.

AND

ASIATICS.

EUROPEANS.

1916. 1917. 1916. 1917. 1916. 1917. 1916. 1917.

British,. 281 259 16,902 12,889 533 699 126,283 106,555

Foreign,. 436 491 1,078 1,026 10,640 12,030 110,982123,219

Total,

717 750 17,980 18,91511,17312,729,237,265 229,774

Hence in British ships:

-:

And in Foreign ships: -

1916.

1917.

1916.

1917.

11.76 %

10.72% of the crews were British.

0.88 %

0-75% of the crews were British,

0:37 %

0.58% of the crews were other

8.67 %

Enropeans.

8.83% of the crews were other Europeans.

87.87 %

89-70% of the crews 90*45 % 90-12 % of the crews

were Asiatics.

2.-Trade.

were Asiatics.

10. As pointed out in previous years the figures which are given are meagre, and of little value, being derived from reports of ship masters which are given in round figures and several items of * cargo are only entered under the heading "General ”.

In a few cases, I can however give more accurate figures and these are:

IMPORTS.

These shew an increase of 123,025 tons compared with the year 1916.

Increases are shewn under the headings:--Coal, Kerosene Oil (in bulk), Sandalwood, Sugar, and General, while decreases are shewn in Beans, Cotton Yarn, Cotton, Hemp, Flour, Kerosene Oil (in cases), Liquid Fuel, Rattan, Rice, and Timber.

Beans. A decrease of 1,106 tons is shewn which is due to general shortage of tonnage.

Coal. There is an increase of 208,154 tons over the last year which is due to local and Canton manufacturing concerns and also

D 7

the Kowloon-Canton Railway laying in stocks as a protective measure against advancing prices due to shortage of tonnage.

Cotton Yarn and Cotton.-Once again there is a decrease of 8,511 tons due to general shortage of tonnage.

Flour. The decrease of 4,069 tons is due to Chinese flour competition and high prices ruling for American and Canadian product, also shortage of tonnage and high freight.

Kerosene Oil.-There is an increase of 9,263 tons shewn in bulk due to a greater demand from the various coast ports which are supplied from this port.

Liquid Fuel.-A decrease of 1,604 tons due to the scarcity of tank steamers.

Rice. A decrease of 54,691 tons due to shortage of tonnage.

Timber.-A decrease of 17,319 tons chiefly accounted for by the stoppage of supplies of Oregon Pine through high rates of freight, Philippine Hardwood being used instead.

General Cargo.-The increase of 22,703 tons is due to a greater number of Dutch and American steamers now trading with this port.

11. The number and tonnage of ships of European type con- struction carrying cargo for import and transit, compared with 1916, was as follows:-

J

1916.

1917.

Increase.

Decrease.

Steamers,

No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage.

3,760 | 6,855,089 | 3,570 6,147,054

River Steamers, 4,669 | 2,583,229 | 4,131| 2,416,387

190 707,035

538 166,842

Sailing Vessels,

75

75

Total, 8,430 9,438,393 7,702 | 8,563,516

Net Decrease..

:

:

728

873,877

728

873,877

12. The corresponding figures relating to ships of European type of construction, exporting cargo

and shipping bunker coal are as follows:---

EXPORTS.

1916.

1917.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Steamers,

Tonnage. No. Toumage. No. 3,758 6,873,003 | 3,571 6,139,214

Tonnage.

No. Tonnage.

187 733,789

River Steamers,

4,666 2,583,019 | 4,153

2,415,846

513

167,173

:.

Sailing Vessels,

1

75

I

75

Total,

8,425 9,456,097 7,724 8,555,060

Net Decrease,

Exported 2,514,331 tous including River Trade as compared with 2,606,264 tons in 1916.

701

901,037

701

901,037

- D 8-

1916.

1917.

Increase.

Decrease.

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Bunker

Strs.

Coal.

Steamers,

3,758

457,580| 3,571 407,395

187

50,185

River Steamers,

4,666

84,096 4,153

76,582

503

7.514

Total,...

8,424

541,676 7,724

483,977

:

690

57,699

Net Decrease,

690

57,699

D 9

13. The River Trade, compared with 1916, is shown in the

following Table :-

Year.

Imports.

Exports.

Passengers.

1916, .

399,937

537,734

2,416,790

1917, ..

391,555

392,472

1,715,317

14. The following Table shows the Junk Trade of the Colony for the years 1916 and 1917 :-

IMPORTS.

1916.

1917.

Junks.

Foreign Trade,...... 12,565

Tons. 1,518,075

Junks.

Tons.

13,020

1,611,009

Local Trade,

17,320

712,310

12,124

430,111

Total,...... 29,885

2,230,385

25,144

2,041,120

Imported 547,807 tons as under :—

Cattle, 707 head,................

Swine, 9,728 head,

General,

Tons.

80

572

547,155

Total... 547,807

EXPORTS.

1916.

1917.

Junks.

Tons.

Junks.

Tons.

Foreign Trade,..... 12,482

1,683,546

13,047

1,596,269

Local Trade,

18,136

728,060

12,404

426,359

Total,

30,618

2,411,606

25,451

2,022,628

Exported 1,128,470 tons as under :—

Kerosine, 1,130,992 cases,

Rice and Padi,

Coal,.......

General,

Tons.

28,522

471,622

162,472

46.5,854

Total,......

.1,128,470

15. A Summary of the Shipping and Trade of the Port for the year 1917:--

·D 10-

TONS.

Passengers.

No. of

Ships.

Dis-

charged.

Shipped.

In

Transit.

Bunker Coal. Total.

Tonnage.

Registered Arrived. Departed.

Emi-

grants.

British Ocean-going,

3,004

1,705,612 1,092,352

Foreign Ocean-going,

4,140 2,617,697

1,054,054 1,029,507 1,664,599

199,481

4,051,502

5,168,058

119,412

85.947 59,076

207,911

5,519,714

7,121,490

116,054

90,804 37,221

British River Steamers,

6,665

228,740

214,013

59,005

496,758

3,999,537

764,559

773,414

Foreign River Steamers,...

1,619

167,815 178,459

17,577 363,851

812,696 106,278

71,066

Total,.

15,428

4,714,864 | 2,514,331 | 2,718,653

483,977 10,431,825 17,131,781 1,106,303

1,021,231 26,297

Steam-launches, Foreign Trade, Junks, Foreign Trade,... Total, Foreign Trade,

6,531

26,067

5,325

410,504 1,051,950

7,263

21,257 40,376 198,060 1,462,514

12,422

5,058,048

3,217,278

48,026 5,130,753 | 3,573,544 | 2,718,653

505,234 11,934,715 | 20,547,119

وا

68,083

1,186,808 6,156,631

77,352

96,297

Steam-launches, Local Trade,.

548,536

4,898

4,671

43,022 606,127

12,423,736

14,814

$14 5,116,975

Junks, Local Trade,.

24,528

137,243

76,120

213.363

856,470 | 10,285

10,327

Total, Local Trade,

573,064

142,141

80,791

48,022 819,490

13,280,206

25,049 5,127,302

Grand Total,

621,090 | 5,272,894 3,654,335 2,718,653

553,256

|12,754,2

2,754,205 | 33,827,325 1,211,857 11,283,933 96,297

}

1

- D II

D

3. Revenue and Expenditure.

16. The gross Revenue collected by the Harbour Department during the year was $666,102.76 as against $649,732.24 collected in the previous year, showing an increase of $16,370.52 or 2·4% :— ·

Light Dues,

Light Dues, Special Assessment.. Licences and Internal Revenue,. Fees of Court and Office,

1916.

1917.

$ 75,031.83 $ 68,656.82

87.445.72 79,810.39

171,631.97

169,294.82

Increase. Decrease.

$ 6,375,01

7,635.33

2,340.15

315,619.72 348,340.73 $ 32,721.01

$649,732.24 $666,102.76 $ 32,721.01 $16,350.49

The principal increases are under Steam-launch Licences $1,192.50 (due to all privately owned launches now being surveyed by Government); Gunpowder Storage $2,619.03; Official Signa- tures $2,074; Registry Fees $5,020 (due to a large number of ships transferring their Registry to this Port); Steam-launches Sur- veyor's Certificates $1,695; Survey of Steamships $4,810.33; and Sunday Cargo Working Permits $17,675.

The principal decreases are under Light Dues $6,375.01; Light Dues, Special Assessment, $7,635.33 (due to lack of tonnage); Junk Licences $3,268.34; Engagement and Discharge of Seamen $1,393.60; and Medical Examination of Emigrants $9,850.00.

17. The Expenditure of the Harbour Department for 1917 was $198,015.49 as against $165,295.31 expended in 1916, showing an increase of $32,720.18. This increase is due to $15,400 expended on the overhaul of Steam Launch Victoria, $8,850 on Steam-launch "H. D. 4," and $961 on other Harbour Office Launches making a total of $25,211 expended above the annual vote for repairs to launches, a sum of $1,350 expended on raising and renewing moorings of ocean steamships in excess of the vote allowed, and a sum of $1,800 paid as salary to a Temporary Marine Surveyor for assisting in the survey of privately-owned steam-launches under the new Regulations; and high cost of stores, etc.

Under Special Expenditure a sum of $2,175 was expended on the installation of wireless telegraphy on the Steam Tender Stanley, a sum of $320 for a new mark buoy for Proserpine Rock, and a sum of $4,625 on acquisition and re-arrangement of moorings in Victoria Harbour.

D 12

Class of Vessels.

No. of

Trips.

Tonnage.

Rate

per tou.

The Amount of Light Dues collected during the year 1917 was as follows:-

Special Assessment.

Fees

Collected.

Total Fees

Collected.

Fees

Collected.

Rate

per ton.

$

C.

$

C.

Ocean Vessels,..

3,651

6,384,033

I cent.

63,840.33

1 cent.

63,840.33

C.

127,680.66

Steam-launches,

2,704

89,510 1

895.10

1

895.10

1,790.20

River Steamers, (Night Boats),

2,010

1,176,425

3,921.39

5,882.51

9,803.90

Do.,

(Day Boats),

1,609 1,103,094 Nil.

rive

9,192.45

9,192.45

77

Total,...

9,974 8,758,062

$68,656.82

$79,810.39

$148,467.21

"

D 13

4. Steam-launches.

18. On the 31st December, 1917, there were 333 steam-launches (including licensed motor boats) employed in the harbour. Of these, 256 were licensed for the conveyance of passengers, etc. This number includes the heretofore privately-owned launches which are now subject to being licensed under the Amended Regulations as per Government Notification No. 141 of 5th April, 1917, Table E. Besides this, 13 European-owned launches were not ready in time to be licensed, and 15 Chinese launches were laid up on account of high price of coal. 27 were the property of the Colonial Government, and 22 belonged to the Imperial Government, comprising 4 Military and 18 Naval. In addition to the above there were 16 motor boats privately-owned, for pleasure and private purposes.

Two coxswains' certificates were suspended-one for two months for incompetency or negligence in the performance of his duty, and the other for one month for contravening the Rules of the Road and causing damage to another vessel in a collision.

One engineer's certificate was suspended for 12 months for negligence in the performance of his duty in running the boiler short of water thereby burning the boiler tubes and the top of the combustion chamber. He wa srequired to pass a further examination on expiration of his suspension period.

Five hundred and fifty-one (551) engagements and five hun- dred and ten (510) discharges of Masters and Engineers were made during the year.

Seven (7) steam-launches were permitted to carry arms for their protection against pirates.

5. Emigration and Immigration.

19. Ninety-six thousand two hundred and ninety-eight (96,298) emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1917, (117,653 in 1916). Of these, 59,285 were carried in British ships, and 37,013 in Foreign ships.

Ninety-eight thousand two hundred and thirty-two (98,232) returning emigrants were reported to have been brought to Hong- kong from the several places to which they had emigrated either from this Colony or from Coast Ports, as against 72,405 in 1916. Of these 55,028 arrived in British ships and 43,204 in Foreign ships.

6. Registry, etc., of Shipping.

20. During the year, 46 ships were registered under the pro- visions of the Imperial Merchant Shipping Act, and 8 Certificates of Registry cancelled. 320 documents, etc., were dealt with in connec- tion with the Act, the fees on which amounted to $6,293.00 as compared with $1,278.00 in 1916.

7.- Marine Magistrate's Court.

21. Two hundred and eighty-four cases were heard in the Marine Magistrate's Court (341 in 1916). Breach of Harbour Regulations, Disobeying the Lawful Orders of the Harbour Master, Neglecting to

D 14

exhibit the Regulation Lights, Failing to observe the Rules of the Road, Making fast to steamers while under way, and Carrying passengers in excess were the principal offences.

8. Marine Court.

(Under Section 19 of Ordinance 10 of 1899.)

22. During the year 1917 there was one court held, riz., on the 10th, 14th, 15th, 17th, and 18th days of May, 1917, to enquire into the circumstances of misconduct on the part of Mr. W. J. Stokes, Chief Engineer of the British Steamship Phcumpenh.

9.-Examination of Masters, Mates, and Engineers.

(Under Board of Trade Regulations.)

23. The following Tables show the number of Candidates examined under Ordinance 10 of 1899 for Certificates of Competency, distinguishing those who passed from those who failed:---

Master,...

Master, Provisional,

Grade.

First Mate,...

Only Mate,.

Second Mate,

Second Mate, Temporary,...

Mate, River Steamer,

Passed.

Failed.

17

1

18

3

1

22

6

N

:

Total,

68

8

First Class Engineer,...

6

6

Second Class Engineer,

27

14

Total,

33

20

For Steamships not exceeding 60 tons, under Section 37 of Ordinance 10 of 1899 :--

Candidates.

Passed. Failed.

For Master,

78

31

For Engineers,

91

Total,...

167

31

D 15

10. Examination of Pilots.

(Under Ordinance No. 3 of 1904.)

24. There were 3 candidates examined during the year. Sixteen (16) licences were renewed.

11. Sunday Cargo-Working.

25. There were 1,108 permits issued during the year under Ordinance 1 of 1891, as compared with 966 in 1916. Of these, 320 were not used as the ships did not arrive up to time, and in some cases it was found unnecessary to work cargo on the Sunday.

The Revenue collected under this head amounted to $133,675 as against $116,000 in 1916.

The increase is due to the shortage of tonnage and the anxiety of ship-owners to get their ships away from port as soon as possible.

12. New Territories.

-

(Nineteenth year of British Administration.)

26. The Out-stations attached to the Harbour Department con- tinued to perform the work allotted to them and during the year Licences, etc., were issued by them as follows :—

1916.

1917.

Cheung Chau, opened 1899.....

2,676

2,584

Tai O,

1899..

2,696

2,904

Tai Po,

1900...

3,573

3,027

>

Sai Kung,

1902...

890

1,189

95

Long Ket, Deep Bay, Lantao,

1905.....

1.629

991

1911...

1,168

941

15

1912..

1,705

""

2,001

14,337

13,637

13.-Lighthouses.

GAP ROCK LIGHTHOUSE.

27. During the year 1917, seven hundred and fifty-three (753) vessels were reported by telegraph as passing this station and nine (9) were not reported owing to communication being interrupted.

Two thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight (2,858) telegraphic messages, including meteorological reports for the Observatory, were sent, and four hundred and seventy-three (473) messages were received.

Except for a few slight interruptions telegraphic communication was maintained throughout the year.

The Light was extinguished by order on the 31st March and owing to the typhoon signals being hoisted was exhibited from sunset to sunrise on the nights of 13th, 18th, and 19th July, 12th and 13th August, and 11th and 12th September.

D 16

There were sixty-one (61) hours of fog and the fog-signal was fired three hundred and seventy-nine (379) times.

On nine (9) occasions the relief was delayed by rough weather.

WAGLAN LIGHTHOUSE.

During the year 1917, two thousand eight hundred and eighty- six (2,886) vessels were reported. One thousand seven hundred and thirty (1,730) messages were sent and five hundred and twenty-three (523) received.

Owing to telegraphic communication being interrupted one hundred and eighteen (118) vessels were not reported.

There were one hundred and eight (108) hours and twelve (12) minutes of fog, and the fog-signal was fired one thousand one hun - dred and thirty (1,130) times.

The relief was delayed on four (4) occasions.

The Light has not been exhibited since the night of the 31st March, 1917, except on the nights of 13th, 18th, and 19th July, 12th and 13th August, and 11th and 12th September, on which dates the typhoon signal was hoisted.

GREEN ISLAND.

During the year five hundred and eighty-one (581) vessels were signalled and reported. In addition three hundred and eighty-one (381) messages were sent and two hundred and thirteen (213) received.

Owing to telephone communication being interrupted at three different times during the year three (3) vessels were not reported.

The Light has not been exhibited since the night of 19th March, 1917, except on the nights of 13th, 18th, and 19th of July, 12th and 13th of August, and 11th and 12th of September, 1917, on which dates the typhoon signals were hoisted.

Kap Sing Island Lighthouse required repairs in January, Owing to the ground level altering, the tower and apparatus were re-levelled and new rollers fitted to the revolving gear. The Light has been regularly inspected, and is in good order and working satisfactorily.

The Cape Collinson Aga Flash Light has not been exhibited since the night of 31st March, 1917.

The nine Aga Flash Lights have been attended to from this station, namely Mawan Island, Signal Hill Light House, the Fairway and Cust Rock Buoys, and Harbour of Refuge. These have been burning continuously, accurately, and satisfactorily during the year.

GOVERNMENT HARBOUR MOORINGS.

28. The whole of this scheme has been practically in force. since April, 1916, and is proving an efficient system of berthing steamers in this Harbour, With the decreased staff at my disposal

ནཱ

D 17

I find it a great convenience that vessels take up a clear and secure berth without an officer having to be detailed for this purpose which formerly was found necessary to prevent them from mooring in the Fairways and other prohibited areas.

The Harbour Moorings consist of 9 A. Class, 15 B Class, and 21 C Class Buoys, making a total of 45 Buoys. The 9 A Class Buoys in use during the year averaged 1,985 days rent at $8 per day, the 15 B Class Buoys averaged 3,480 days rent at $6 per day, and the 21 C Class Buoys averaged 6,099 days rent at $4 per day, making a total revenue of $61,156.

A and B Class Buoys are allotted to vessels on application being made by their respective agents 48 hours in advance. C Class Buoys are taken up by vessels on arrival at positions to suit the nature of their trade.

The following particulars show work done and the expenditure for upkeep of Government Harbour Moorings and Buoys for the year 1917-

Buoy Moorings.--During the year 11 Buoy Moorings were lifted and re-laid, viz., 1 A Class, 4 B Class, and 6 C Class, at a cost of $3,170.

Mooring Buoys.-During the year 24 Buoys were repaired, scaled, and painted, viz., 3 A Class, 7 B Class, and 14 C Class Buoys, at a cost of $5,660.41.

Painting of Mooring Buoys.-During the year 6 Mooring Buoys were lifted out of water by contractors, scaled, and painted at a cost of $275.

-Paints, Oil, etc.--During the year paints, oils, etc., were supplied for painting Government Mooring Buoys at a cost of $598.78. All Buoys were painted on top and to water-line every quarter with the above paints and oil, a total of 152 Buoys being painted during the year at a cost of $240 for labour.

Anchors. Two 3-tons Mushroom Anchors for B Class Moorings were supplied by contractors at a cost of $1,350.

The total expenditure for upkeep of Government Moorings and Buoys for the year is $11,303.19.

HARBOUR DEPARTMENT,

5th March, 1918.

C. W. BECKWITH, Commander, R.N., Harbour Master, &c.

}

1.

TOTAL.

TOTAL

IN BALLAST.

- D 19

Table I.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of VESSELS ENTERED AT PORTS in

Australia and

New Zea

land.

British North

Borneo.

Canada.

Coast of China,

Ships.

Coast of China, Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China, Junks.

Cochin China.

Continent of Europe.

Egypt.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Car-

Vessels,..

Tons,.

Crews,...

14

12

34

25,922 20,185 197,034

2,794

2,039,307

1,152 994 10,045

139,175

Transit,

8,000

33.000

378,000

รอง

Discharged,

8,000 31,000 35,000

458,000

:

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,

:

155

:

:

150

187,451

9,875

2,000

300,000

:

:

:

190.084

:

10,473

:

:

:

(Vessels..

Tons,

14! 12

34

2,949

25,922 20,185 107,034

2,229,391

150

187,451

TOTAL.

Crews....

1,152 994 10,045

149,648

9,875

:

Car-

goes,

Transit,

8,000

33,000

378,000

2,000

Discharged,

8,000 31,000 35,000

458,000

:

300,000

Vessels,

II

6

3

918 949 7,960 175

33

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

Tons,

WITH CARGOES.

Car-

Tons,

Crews...

34,579 12,500) 8,118

1,233 323 224

goes,

Transit,

Discharged,

36,000 5,000 4,000

704,782 36,300 879,203 183,024 132 037

53,205 |14,503| 117,967 9,473 5.288

132,000

50,000

8,000

4,000 $,000 2,000

278,000 5,000| 392,000| 269.000 37,000

Vessels,

:

159 2,248

4,340

:

:

:..

:

:

:

:

:.

:

Formosa.

Great Britain.

COUNTRIES WHENCE ARR

India and

Straits

Settlements.

Japanese Ports.

Java and other Islands in

the Indian

Archipelago.

Kwang-chau-

wan,

56

114

58

1

:

245,524 269,161 196,002

5.636 288

127

46

¡

5,131 11,894 5,851

267.000 178,000 . 136,000

117,000 185,000

96,000

3.

11,858

: 5,760 13,996

202

232

338

59

116

62

1

!

257,380: 274,921 209,998

5,636

288

127

46

5,333 12.126/ 6,189

267,000 178.000 136.000

117,000 135,000

96.000

200

20

98

396

105

61

203,165

101,287 215.672: 964,857.285,816 20,627

11,042 2,684 6,548 26.365 8.228 2,959

46,000

83,000 227.000 635,000 219,000

184,000

21,000 112.000 806,000 128,000 10,000

Crews...

126

20

171,818 70,783 | 660,684

7,048 23,011

71,603

4,410

14

:

:

3

11:

7,306

$.695

113

431

Vessels,.

11

3

1,677 8,197

12,300

175

35

200

20

101

407

105

61

Tons..

TOTAL.

Car-

goes,

Crews,...

34,579 |12,635 8,118

1,233 343 224

876,600 | 107,033|1,539,887| 183,024| 136,447

203,165 101,287 222,978| 973,552|285,816 |20,627

Transit,

Discharged,

Vessels,.

WITH CARGOES.

Car-

Tons,.

Crews,.

36,000 5,000 4,000

4,000 8,000 2,000

25 18 87

60,501 32,694 | 205,152

gocs,

Transit,

Discharged,.

2,385 1,317 [10,269

44,000 5,000 37,000

12,000 39,000 37,000

60,253 37,514 189,570 9,473 5,332

132,000

8.000 50,000

278,000 5,000| 392,000| 269,000 37,000

8,712 919 7,960

2,744,089 36,300| 879,203| 370,475 | 132,037

192,380 14,503 117,967 19,348 5,288

510,000

10,000 50,000

736,000| 5,000 | 392,000| 569,000 37.000

11,042 2.684 6,661 26,796 8,228 2,959

£6,000 83,000 227.000| 635,000|219,000

184,000 21,000 112,000 806,000|128,000 10,000

***

325

33

200

76

212

454

109

62

203,165 | 346,811 484,833 1,160,859, 291,452 ||20,915

[11,042) 7,815 18,442 32.216 8,355 3,005

|46,000| 350,000 405,000 771,000 | 219,000

184,000 139,000| 297,000 902.000 128,000 10,000

Vessels..

314 2,248 4.340

:

Tons,

Crews....

126

20

361,902 70,733 | 660,684

17.521 23,011

71,603

2

4,410

44

5

11,856 13,066 22,691

:

202:

345

769

(Vessels, ..

25

19

37

4,026 3,197 12,300 325

35

200

79

217

469

109

62

Tons....

Crews,...

60,501 32,820 | 205,152

3,105,991 | 107,033 1.539,887 370,475 | 186,447

203.165

2,385 | 1,33710,269

- (2)

Transit,

44.000 5,000 37,000

Discharged,

209,901 37.514| 189,570

510,000

12,000 39,000 |37,000 736,000| 5,000| 392,000| 569,000 :

19,348

5,332

10,000

50,000

358.667 497,899 1,183,550 291,452 20,915

11,042 8,017 18,787 32,985 8,355 3,005

16,000 350,000 405,000 771,000 219,000

37,000

181,000 138,000 297,000 902,000 125,000 10,000

:

South Africa.

D 19

ARGOES of VESSELS ENTERED AT PORTS in the COLONY of HONGKONG from EACH COUNTRY

COUNTRIES WHENCE ARRIVED.

Cochin China.

Continent of

Europe.

Egypt.

150

187,451

9,875

2,000

300,000

:

:.

:

Formosa.

44

:

Great Britain.

India and

Straits

Settlements.

Japanese Ports.

· Java and other Islands in the Indian Archipelago.

Kwang-chau-

wan.

Ships.

Macao,

under 60 tons.

Steamships

Macao,

Macao, Junks.

Mauritius.

N. America.

N. & S. Pacific.

Philippine Islands.

56

114

58

1

1,041

:

245,524 || 269,161 | 196,002|

5,636

288 701,516

5,131 11,894 5,851

127

46

46,268

267,000 178,000 | 136,000

117,000 185,000

96,000

44,000.

3

11,856

5,760 13,996

202

232

338

:

:

:

3

2,058

121

Port Arthur.

Hainan and

Ports in

Gulf of

Tonkin.

Russia in Asia]

S

$$

112,657

5,748

$,000

125,000

N

3,088

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Siam.

155

3

94

138,912 7,357| 118,954 4,268

8,623 228 6,772 73

1,000 6,000 5,000

208,000 6,000| 163,000 2,000

:

:

:

3,489

241

90

160

3

94

1

115,745

142,401 | 7,357

5,892

8,000

125.000

8,864 228

1,000

208,000 6,000

190

118,954 4,268

6,772 73

6,000 5,000

163,000 2,000

185

I

3,069

183

108,669 3,022 190,022 2.350

8,711

26,000

112 10,292 58

1,000

:

T:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

150

187,451

9,875

2.000

100,000

:

:

:

:

59

116

62

I

1,044

257,380 | 274,921 209,998

5,636

288 703,574,

5,333

267,000 178,000 136,000

12,126 6,189

127

46 46,389

117,000 185,000 96,000

175

33

200

20

98

396

105

61

44,000

112

10 225

183,024 132 037

9,473

$,000 50,000

5.288

203,165 101,287 215,672 964,857 285,816 20.627

11,042 2,684 6,548 26,365 8,228 2,959

46,000 83,000 227,000 635,000 219,000

18,306 1,377 35,023

1,469

$8 2,790

269.000

37,000

184,000 21,000 112,000 806,000|128,000 10,000 23,000

18,000

:

6)

4,410

44

:

:

:

3

11

7,306

8,695

113

431

18

16

495

8,486 1,632 41,099

822

...

130 7,639

2,000

121,000 4,000 305,000 3,000 3

12

19,776

5,249

437

272

:

175

200

20

101

407

105

61

131

26 720

16

197

2

185

$3,024 | 136,447

9,473 5,332

8.000 50,000

69,000 37,000

325

46,000

203,165 101,287 222,978 973,552 | 285,816 |20,627

11,042 2,684 6,661 26,796 8,228 2,959

$3,000 227,000 | 635,000 | 219,000

26,792 3,009 76,122

2,291 218 10,429

22,845

620

184,000

21,000 112,000| 806,000|128,000 |10,000

23,000

|18,000

33

200

76

212

454

109

62 1,154 10 225

70,475 132,037

203,165 346,811 484,833 1,160,859 291,452 20,915 719,822 1,377 35,023

19.348

10,000 50,000

49,000 37.000

5,288

:

11.042 7,815 18,442 32,216 $.355 3,005

47,787 SS 2,790

46,000 350,000 405,000| 771,000 || 219,000

184,000

139,000| 297,000 902.000 128,000 10,000

67,000 18.000

2

4,410

:

:

:

325

10,475 136.447

35

200

3

15

11,856

13,066 22,691

202

345

769

10.544 1.632|41,099

943

130 7,639

79

217

469

109

62

1,175 26 720

21

16 495

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

2,000

92

345

5

279

2

115,726

247,581 10,379 308,976 | 6,618 3:

5.931

8,000

127,000

17,367 340

26,000 1,000 6,000 6,000! 4

329,000 10,000 | 468,000| 5,000 37

17,064 131

113,918 3,022| 190,022 2,350

9,016 112 10,292 58

26,000

1,000

121,000 4,000 305,000 3,000 3

12

22.864

8.733

581

513

:

19.348 5,332

0,000 50,000

39.000 37,000

203,165 358.667 497,899 1,183,550 291,452 20,915 730,366 | 3,009 76,122

11,042 8.017 18,787 32,985 8,355 3,005 | 48,680

46,000 350,000! 405,000; 771,000 219,000

218 10,429

:

184,000 138,000 | 297,000 902,000 128,000 10,000 67,000 18,000

:

:

106

357

279

2

138,590

256,319 10,379 | 308,976 6.61835

6,512

8,000

17.830 340 17,064 131

26,000 1,000 6.000 6.000

127,000

329,000 10,000 468,000 5,000 27

TS in the COLONY of HONGKONG from EACH COUNTRY, in the YEAR 1917.

NCE ARRIVED.

ר וייוייזי

*>Zp[{!k[o। \'

Kwang-chau-

wan.

Ships.

Macao,

under 60 tons.

Steamships

Macao,

Macao, Junks.

Mauritius.

N. America.

N. & S. Pacific.

Philippine Islands.

1

1,041

136

288 701,516

27

46

46,268

:

636

127

44,000

2,058

121

:

1,044

288 703,574,

46 46.389

:

:

:

:

:

:

Port Arthur.

Ilainan and Ports in

Gulf of

Tonkin.

Russia in Asia

88

3

112,657

5,748

8,000

125,000

Siam.

South Africa.

A merica.

South

Tsingtau.

of America.

United States

155

3

94

138,912 7,357 | 118,954 4,268

:

¿

:

:

8,623

228

6,772

73

1,000 6,000 5,000

208,000 6,000| 163,000| 2,000

3,088

3,489

1+1

241

F

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

44,000

105

61

113

10

225

.816 20,627 18,306 1,377 35,023

228 2,959 1,469

S8 2,790

1,000

3,000 10,000

23,000

:

18 16

18,000

495

90

160

3

94

:

:

Wei-hai-wei.

TOTAL.

11

14

4,647

58,445 15,684 4,341,303

970

943 253 915

27,000 5 000 [1.054,000

41,000 18,000 (1.837,000

3

177

5.811

236.142

241 11.992

14

17

4.821

8,711 112 10,292 58 738

26,000

115,745

5,892

8,000

125,000

4

3,069

183

112,401 7,357 | 118,954| 4,268

8,864 228

1,000

6,772 73

6,000 5,000

208,000 6,000 163,000 2,000

2

185

1

7

58,445 21,495|4,580,445

970 1,184 265,907

27,000 5,000 (1,054,000

41,000 18,000|1,837,000

132

190

108,669 | 3,022 190,022 2.350 35,798 11,233 | 517,084

258

11,810

4,707,929

16,305

301,079

1,000 6,000 14,000 173,000

1,665,000

:

2,000

121,000 4,000 305,000 3,000 37,000 4,000| 223,000

2,996,000

12

19,776

:

1

137

5,249

272

:

:

:

:

4,384

7,313

1,004,393

78

111,643

197

2

185

22,845

620

9,016

26,000

112

10,292

58

738

1,000 6,000 14,000 173,000

258

16,383

16

113,918 3,022 190,022| 2,350 35,798 11,233 521,468

133

:

19,123

:

5.712,327

412.727

:

:

1,665,000

121,000 4,000 305,000 3,000 37,000 4,000| 223,000

1.996,009

345

5

279

2

146

14

16,457

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

8,486 1,632 41,099

$22

130 7,639

105

61

131

26 720

5,810 20,627

26,792 3,009 76,122

8,228 2,959 2,291 218 10,429

9.000

:8,000 10,000

23,000

18,000

2,000

109

62 1,154 10

225

92

1,452 20,915 719,822 1,377 35,023

115,726

8,355 | 3,005

47,737 SS! 2,790

5,931

19,000

:

8,000

28,000 10,000

67.000418,000

127,000

21

16 495

10.544 1,632 41,099

:..

943

130 7,639

109

62

1,175 26

720

91,452 20,915 730,366| 3,009 (76.122

8,355 3,005

:19,000

28,000 ¡IC,000

48,680

218 10,429

67,000 18.000

:

:

:

:

:.

247,581 10,379 308,976 6,618 35,798|11,233 575,529 |15,684|9,049,027

340 17,064 131 738 258

554,994 17,367

17,275

943

26,000 1,000 6,000 6,000 6,000 14,000 200,000 5,000 2,719,000 329,000 10,000 468,000 5,000 37,000 4,000| 264,000|18,000 4,833.000

14

12

22.864

8.738

581

513

106

138,590

6,512

8,000

127,000

:

:

:

:

:

3

7,490

4,384 5,811|1,240,540

78

241 123,640

357

279

131

6

147

17

23.047

256,319 10,379 | 308,976 | 6.618 |35,798 |11,233 579,913 21,495 || 10,292,772

678.634 340

738 258 17,064 17,830

17,353 1,184

26,000 1,000 6.000 6.000 5,000 14,000 200,000 5,000 |2,719,000 329,000 10,000| 468,000| 5,000 37,000 4,000| 264,000 18,000 4,833,000

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Australia and

New Zealand.

British North

Borneo.

Canada.

Ccast of China,

Ships.

Coast of China. Steamships

under 60 tons.

Coast of China.

Junks.

D

Table II-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of VESSELS CLEARED AT

COUNTRIES TO

Cochin China.

Continent of

Europe.

Vessels,

Tons,

12

13

36

2.958

21,170 22,329 201,073 2,288,253

Crews.

Shipped. Bunker

947 1,157 10,240

150,829

Cargoes.

21,000 | 7,000| 93,000

598,000

Coal,...

8,000 2,000 7,000

$7,000

:

Vessels,

Tons,

1

8

2

56

:

3,689 25,086

4,614

68,032

32,040 !

Crews,

50

367

316

3,264

1,788

:

:

Bunker Coal,

2.000

6,000

7,000

:

Vessels,

13

21

38

3,014

120

:

91

4

33

170

65

113,682

12,735

140.832 322,049 240,609

5,972

400

+7,000

3,482 15,090 6.433

71,000 168,000 46,000

17,000

1,000

4,000

45,000 13,000

29

3

17

10

8,765

31.123 15,766

152

1,221.

437

4.000 1,000

36

187

75

Tons,.

24,859 47,415 |205,717 || 2,356,285

145.722 12,735

Crews,

997 1,524 10,556

Cargoes,. 21,000 | 7,000| 93.000

154,093

7,760

400

598,000

47,000

Shipped, Bunker

Coal,... 3,000 4,000 7,000

93,000

24,000

1,000

[Vessels,

B

36

Tons,

14,247

140,827

Crews,

1,210

Shipped, Bunker

Cargoes, 11,000

Coal,... 1,000

2,898

72,000

2,000

Vessels,

16

1

Tous,

Crews,

19,608 1,976

647

£7

Bunker Coal,

1,000

76 2.690 2,414

91,444 79,555 | 199,464 91,099

3,178 26,434 30,056 4,186

3,000 20,000

994 596 10,095

883,054 27,659 1,332,496 96,767

52,866 11,344 163,121

5,436 1,448

277,000 7.000 1,019,000 23,000 14,000

25,000 1,000

19,000 13,000

76

96

21

:

:

:

:

:

:

149,597 353,172 : 256,375

3,634 16,311 6.870

71,000 168,000

46,000

4,000

127

26

£9,000 14,000

122 207

17

95,394

129,426 123,053 | 264,378 | 593,091 | 214.87

7,3!1 3.415 6,910 17,591 6,93

(89,000 18.000 95.000 160,000 73.00

2,000

17,000 29,000 3.00

!

140

41

70

150,323

27,825 129,395

4.18

4,113

16,000

1,000

1,454 3,030

10,000 2,000

Vessels,

13

16

37

Tons,

44,247 19,608 142,803

1,070 | 3,286 12.509

$24,498 107,214 1,531,960 187,866

172

21

267

26

95,394

Crews,

[Vessels,

13

72

Tons,

Crews,

Cargoes,. Shipped, Bunker

2,157

32,000 | 7,000|165,000

1,210 647 2,945

Cargoes, 11,000

72,000 Shipped, Bunker

Coal....

1,000 1,000 2,003

25

65,417 22,329 341,900 | 3,121,307 27,659 1,332,496| 210,449 108,129

1,157 13,138

56,044 37,778 | 193.177 9.622 4,448

277,000 7,000 1,019,000 29,000 14,000

28,000 [21,000

279,749

11,424

:

35,000 13,000

89.000

8,000

166 277

123.053 | 292,203 | 722,486 | 219,37

3.415 8.364 20,621 6,99

18.000 95,000 160,000 73.00

7

27,000 31,000 3,00

3.952 596 10,095

187:

25

127

59

292

272

:

129,426 263,885 586,427 | 833,700| 214,87

Coal,...

4,000

2,000 9,000

203,695 11,344:163,121 11.408

875,000 7,000 1,019,000 76,000 14,000

112,000 1,000

4.848

7311

$9,000

$9,000 | 263,000 | 206,000

6,897 22,000 24,024 6.98

73,00

36,000 14,000

2.000

4.000 62,000 $2,000

3,00

Vessels,

1

21

3

Tons,

3,689 14,694 6.620

132 2.690 2,414

159,476 79,555| 199,464| 123,139

105

140

3

61

80

:

150,:23

8.765 58,948 145,161

4,48

Crews,

50 1.014

363

Bunker Coal,

Vessels.

3.000

9,000 20,000

6,442 26,434 30,056 5,974

28,000

4,113

1.000

152 2.675 3.467

14.000 3.000

26

37

75

Tons.

69,106 67,023 348,520

Crews,

Shipped.

2,207 | 2,171| 13,501

Cargoes.. 32,000 | 7,000|165,000 Bunker

Coal,... 4,000 5,000

9,000

12,509 4,084 | 8.286

3,280,783 | 107,214 1,531,960| 333,588 108,129

210,137 87,778| 193,177|

4,848

$75,000 7,000 1,019,000| 76,000 14,000

121,000 21,000

292

25

267

62

1;

863

352

279,749 272,650 - 645,375 978,861 | 219,37

17.382

11,424

$9.000

59,000

14.000

:

3.000

4,000

76,000

7.049: 24,675 27,491

89.000 263,000 206.000 78,00

3,00

6.99

45,000

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

0

:

:

3

Egypt.

Formosa.

COUNTRIES TO WHICH DEPARTED.

D 20

OES of VESSELS CLEARED AT PORTS in the COLONY of HONGKONG to EACH COUNTRY, in

Ships.

Масао,

under 60 tons.

Steamships

Macao,

Junks.

Macao,

Mauritius.

North America.

Philippine Islands.

Hainan and Ports in

Gulf of

Tonkin,

Port Arthur.

Russia in Asia.

Siam.

South Africa.

America.

South

33

170

65

:

3 1,004

:

84

نک

:

140,832 | 322,049 240,609

3,482 15,090 6.433

71,000 168,000

4,000 45,000 13,000

46,000

:

864

600,018

147

30,000

60,000

10,000

:

108,021

73.499

5,711

1,283

:

12

38

41.399

46.234 2.796

900

108,000 33.000

16,000

5.000

3

:

17

10

:

3

78

8,765

31.123 15.766

152

:

:

1,221

437

4,000

1,000

:

:

3,143

77,164

183

3.978

1,000

7,000

36

187

75

3

1,004

:

87

161

:

:

:

:

2.775 100

1,000 14.000 2,000

3,000 12,000

12

12,832

:

796

3,000

:

12

50

26

122

44

127

149,597 | 353,172 : 256,375

3,634 16,311 6.870

71,000 168,000 £6,000

4,000 49,000 14,000

129,426 123,053 264,378 593,091 | 214.871 18,542

7,311 3.415 6,910 17,591

89.000 J8,000 95.000 160,000

2,000

140

150,323

864 600,018

111,164 150,663

41.399

59,066 | 2,796

147 30,000

5,894

5.261

900

3,571 100

60,000

10,000

108,000

33,000

1.000

14,000 2,000

17,000

12,000

3,000

15,000

207

174 58

115

6

450

19,026

1,273

53,344

:

:

:

7

147

I

115

2

10

14,890

6,936| 2,774

1,532

37

6,499

291

77,215

6.711

997 | 116,024 | 7,391

13,304

51

6,725 174

907

73,000 15,000

2,000

33,000

4,000

50,000

:

76,000 1,000

37,000

17,000 29,000

8,000 3,000

1,000

10,000

1,000

35,000

70

2

B

17

$8

6

114

:

27

:

27,825 129,395

4.481

986

6,296

1,619

15,965

5,791 124,223 | 1,858

29,515

4,113

1,000

1,454

3,030

10,000 2,000

57 119

648

1,000

136

1,023

215

5.267 39

1.713

12,000

12,000

:.

267

26

166

277

75

60

128

23

538

13

261

142

10

279,749

11,424

123.053 | 292,203 | 722,486 | 219,352|19,528

3,415

89,000 18,000

3,000

25,322 2.892 69,309

20,681 201,438 | 1,858

997

}

8.364 20,621

127

59

95,000 | 160,000

27,000 31,000

292

272

3

61

150,823

4,113

1.000

8.765

58,948 145,161

162 2.675 3,467

14,000 3,000

6,993 2,893

2,180

73,000 15,000 2,000

3,000 3,000 2,000

74 61 1,119

129,426 263,885 586,427 | 833,700 214,871 19,406 | 619,044

7311 6.897 22,000 24,024 6,936| 2,921 31,532

$9,000 89,000 263,000 | 206,000 73,000 15,000| 62,000

2,000

4,000 62,000 12,000 3,000 3,000 11,600

140

80

2

4,481 986 6,296 1,619 15,965

57 119

648

193

7,522

506

33,000

4,000

450

91

11,97$ 39

50,000

22,000

280

57

1,273 53,344

6.499

33.000

122,911 | 150,714

1,000

13

42,396 | 162,258 (10,187|

145,539| 7,391 £3,304

51 8,438 171

76,000 1,000

47,000

907

37,000

153

10

43,304

6,002

7,994

951

9,500 274

907

112,000

83,000

:

16,000

15,000

1,000 90,000 | 3,000 37,000

4,000 47.000

:

1

13

17

88

:

9

192

39

136 1,023

:

:

8,934 | 201,387| 1,858

42.347

398

9,245 39

1,000

:

:

1,000

19,000

2.509

15.000

267

62

353

352

75

63

1,182

23

538

100

422

}

13

192

3

10

279,749 | 272.650 645,375 978,861 219,352 20,392 625.340 2.892 11,424

7.049: 24,675

27,491 6,993 | 3,040 32,180

$9.000 89,000! 263,000 | 206,000 73,000 |15,000| 62,000

| 3.000 +,000 76,000 45,000

3,000 3,000 12,000

69,309

193

7,522

33,000

17,000 84,000

6.400 17.239 39 951

112,000 $3,000

1,000

4,000

62.000

131,845 352.101 1,858 42,396 204,605 |10,187

12,009 274

90.000 3.000

43.304

907

37,000

!

Hainan and

Ports in

Gulf of

Tonkin.

Port Arthur.

TS in the COLONY of HONGKONG to EACH COUNTRY, in the YEAR 1917.

H DEPARTED.

Russia in Asia.

Siam.

South Africa.

America.

South

1,004

600,018

30,000

60,000

:

:

:

:

84

83

108,021

73,499

5,711

1,283

10,000

108,000 33.000

16,000 5,000

:

3

7$

:

:

:

:

12

41,399

38

:

46,234 2,796

46,390|11,685

900

2.775 100

1,000

14.000 2,000

12

6

4,626

1.228

1,294,866

62

$86 472 236,886

1.000

30,000 6,000 1,306,000

3,000

12,000

1,000 1,000 227,000

12

:

219

:

3,143

77,164

:

12,832

:

183

:

1,001

:

:

:

:

3,978

796

282,284

12,552

1,000

7,000

3,000

:

31,000

:

87

161

12

50

12

6

4,845

600,018

30,000

60,000

:

111,164 150,663

41,399

59,066 | 2,796

1.228

46,390 11,685

4,577,150

:

5,894 5.261

900

3,571 100

62

886 172

249,438

103,000 33,000

1,000

14,000 2,000

1,000

30,000 6,000

1,306,000

10,000

115

17,000

12,000

3,000

15,000

:

1,000 1,000

258,000

150

7

147

1

115

2

10

3

114

13,435

19,026 1,278 53,344

14,890 77,215

:

997 116,024 7,391

13,304

3,622 445,177

1,696,368

1,532

57

6,499

291

6,711

2,000

33,000

+,000

50,000

51 6,725 174

76,000 1,000

907

139

15.297

324,643

37,000

3,000 181,000

2,266,000

1,000

10,000

1,000

35,000

:

13

17

88

6

6,296 1,619 15.965

:

:

:

:.

114

1

27

5,791 124,223 | 1,858

215

5,267 39

29,515

:

1,713

:

9,000

1

2

1

2,709

3,985 1,800

46

78

:

171,000

:

12,000

13

261

12,000

1

142

5,800

992,917

648

136

1,023

82,527

1,000

78,000

128

23

538

10

115

19,235

25,322

2.892 69,309

20,681| 201,438 | 1,858 997 145,539 | 7,391

2,180

193 7,522

506

2,000

33,000

4,000

11,97$ 39

50,000

51

43,304 2.709

8,438 174 907

46

76,000 1,000 37.000

7,607 450,277

217 15,338

3,000 181,000

:

:

5,689,285

107,170

2,266,000

2,000

22,000

1,000 47,000

9,000

249,000

1,119

6

450)

91

280

153

619,044 1,273 53,344

122,911| 150,714

13

42,396| 162,258 |10,187 43,304

10

126

6

31,532

62,000 !

57 6.499

33.000

6,002 7,994

112,000 $3,000

11,000

:

16,000

15,000

+,000

951 9,500 274

1,000 90,000 3,000 37,000

47.000

907

201

4,850 491,867 |11,685

16,183

4,000 211,000 6,000 3,572,000

18,061

8,991,234

472

561,529

13

17

$8

9

192

39

:

6,296

648

1,619 15,965

8,934 | 201,387| 1,858

42.347

186 1,023

398 9,245 39

1,000

1,000 19,000

2.509

15,000

1.B2

625.340 2.892 69,309

23

538

100! 422

13

192

3

10

10,000 1.000 ·

398,000

2

I

2,709

3,985

4,800

6,019

1,275,201

46

78

41

95,079

109,000

6

127

6

24,080

131,845 | 352.101 1,858 42,396| 204,605 10,187

43.304!

2,709

8,835 | 496,667|11,685 | 10,266,435

32.180

193 7.522

62,000

33,000

6.400

112,000

12,000

17,239 39 951

88,000

1,000

17,000 34,000

4,000

12,009 271

90,000: 3,000

907

46

37,000

62.000

279 16.224 172

4,000 | 211,000| 6,000

10,000 1,000

656,608

3,572,000

507,000

South Pacific.

Tsingtau.

United States

of America.

Wei-hai-wei.

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

TOTAL,

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

:

Aberdeen.

Cheung Chau.

Long Ket.

Saikung.

D 21

Table III. TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of VESSELS ENTERED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONGKONG in the YEAR 1917.

Shaukiwan.

Stanley.

Tai O.

Tai Po.

Yaumati.

Victoria.

Vessels,

Tons,

:

1,647

4,647

:

4,344,303

4,344,303

Crews,

253,915

253,915

1

In Transit,

Cargoes,

Discharged,

Vessels,

1,054,000

1,054,000

1,837,000

1,837,000

Tons,

Crews,

Vessels,

Tons,

:

:

:

177

177

:

236,142

236,142

11,992

11,992

:

4,824

4,580,445

4,824

4,580,445

Crews,

265,907

265,907

In Transit,

1,054,000

1,054,000

Cargoes,

Discharged,

1,837,000

1,837,000

Vessels,

269

51

6

13

80

23

11,368

11,810

Tons,

8,870 2,284

318

932

1,437

1,541 4,692,547 :

4,707,929

Crews,

1,880 566

54

123

454

279

297,728

301,079

In Transit,

1,665,000

1,665,000

Cargoes,

Discharged,

3,000 1,000

1,000 2,991,000

2,996,000

Vessels,

11 58

6

ات

54

33

7,146

7,313

Tons,

326 1,650

181

156

2,288

3,634 996,163

1,004,398

Crews,.

93 562

48

30

438

576

109,901

111,648

(Vessels,

Tons,

280

109

12

18

134

56 18,514

19,123

9,196 3,934

499

1,088

3,725

5,175 5,688,710

5,712,327

Crews,

1,973 1,128

102

153

892

855

In Transit,

407,624

1,665,000

412,727

1,665,000

Cargoes,

Discharged,

3,000 1,000

1,000 1,991,000

1,996,000

Vessels,

269 51

6

13

80

23 16,015

16,457

Tons,

8,870 2,284

318

932

1,437

1,541 9,036,850

9,052,232

Crews,

1,880 566

54

123

454

2791

{

Cargoes,

In Transit,

Discharged, 3,000 1,000

551,638

2,719,000

55,499

2,719,000

1,000 4,828,000

4,833,000

Vessels,

11

58

6

54

33

7,323

7,490

Tons,

326 1,650

181

156

2,288

3,634 1,232,305 -

1,240,540

Crews,..

Vessels,

93! 562

48

30

438

280

109

12

18:

134

:

576

56

121,893

123,640

23,338

23,947

Tons,

9,196 3,934

499

1,088

:

3,725

5,17510,269,155

10,292,772

Crews,.

1,973 1,128

102

153

892

855

In Trausit,

673,531

2,719,000

678,634

2,719,000

Cargoes,

Discharged, 3,000 1000

:

1,000

4,828,000

4,833,000

NAMES OF PORTS.

Hunghom.

TOTAL.

Victoria.

D 22

Table IV. TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES. of VESSELS CLEARED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONGKONG in the YEAR 1917.

Vessels,

Tons.

Crews,

NAMES OF PORTS.

Aberdeen.

Cheung Chaâu.

Deep Bay.

Hunghom.

Long Ket.

Saikung.

Shaukiwan.

Stanley.

:

:

Cargoes,

Shipped.

Bunker Coal,.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST,

WITH CARGOES.

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

Tons,

TOTAL.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Tai O.

:

:

Tai Po.

:

Yaumati.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

TOTAL.

4.626

4,626

1.294,866 1,294.866

T:

:

236,886

236,886

1,306,000 1,306,000

227,000

219

227,000

219

282,284

282,284

12,552

12,552

31,000;

31.000

4,845

4,845

:

4,577,150 4,577,150

249,438

249,438

1,306,000

1,306,000

258,000 258,000

13.242

13,435

:

:

:

2

10

65

101

587

2,099

...

23

22

66

475

:

:

1,000

:

:

:

:

:..

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Crews,

Cargoes,

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,.

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,

47

69

1,636 1,798

349 $599

Shipped,

Cargoes,

Bunker Coal,

1,000

(Vessels,.........

141

27

Tons,

Crews,......

Bunker Coal,

[Vessels,

Tons,

2,092 932

791 291

:

188

35

96

3,728 2,730

1,140 4893

WITH CARGOES.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

:

4,690,147 4,696,368

323,132

324,643

2,264,000 2,266,000

171,000

171,000

5 551

5,800

988.239

992.917

80,960

82,527

78,000

78,000

18,793

19,235

5,678.380

5,689,285

:

:

:

:

10

67

399

113

1,142

80

32

370

:

:

:

12

14

500

700

102

98

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

Crews,

Cargoes,

1,000

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,.

:

Vessels,

47

69

Tons,

Crews,

1.636 1,798

349

599

Cargoes,

1.000

Shipped,

TOTAL.

IN

BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

:

^..

141

27

2,092

932

791 294

:

:

:

132

3.241

$45

1,000

:

:

:.

2

10

101

587

22

66

:

:

:

:

:

63883

65

2.099

475

:

:

1,000

10

4

399 113

80

32

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

188

55

96

3,728 | 2,730

1,140

893

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,

{ Bunker Coal ̧ .

Bunker Coal,

(Vessels,

Tons,

TOTAL.

Crews,

Cargoes,

1,000

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,.

:

:

404,092 407.170

2,264,000 2,266,000

249,000

249,000

:

17,868 18,061

8,985.013 8,991,234

560,018

561,529

3,570,000 3,572,000

:

398,000

398,000

193

67

1,142

5,770

1,270,523

6,019

1,275,201

370

93,512

95,079

109,000 109,000

23.638

24,080

:

12

14

132

500

700

3,241

102

98

845

1,000

:

:

:

:

10,255,536 10,266,435

653.530

656,608

3,570,000 3,572,000

507,000

507,000

:

:

:

:

D 23

Table V.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong in the Year 1917.

NATIONALITY

OF

WITH CARGOES.

ENTERED.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

VESSELS.

Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

British,

4,647 4,644,303 253,915

American,

58

137,272 4,665

177 236,142 16 27,520

1,992 631

4,824 4,580,445 265,907

74 164,792 5,296

Austrian,

Belgian,

Chinese,

980

709,231 56,945

45 29,606

2,083

1,025

Chinese Junks,

8,185

914,226 120,757

4,835701,783

79,242

Danish,

5

15,765 194

1

595

53

Dutch,

142

407,356 13,205

14

20,229

572

French,

150

248,627 13,813

5

2,204

168

250,831 13,981

German,

738,837 59,028 13,020 1,616,009 199,999 6 16,360 247 156 427,585 13,777 155

+

Italian,

1

3,420

52

1

3,420

52

Japanese,

951 1,979,246 61,448

107 131,328

4,559

1,058 2,110,574

66,007

Norwegian,

134

159,163

6,571

4

6,373

123

138

165,536

6,694

Portuguese,

235

75,561

8,159

20

10,717

984

255

86,278

9,143

Russian,

5,485

221

1

1,233

42

5

6,721

263

Siamese,

4,072

245

4,072

245

Swedish,

10,825 213

10,825

213

No Flag,

1

445

50

}

445

50

Steamships

under 60

tons trading to ports

959 37,677 14,591

2,264 72,365 23,141

3,223

110,042 37,732

outside the Colony,

TOTAL,

16,457 9,052,232 554,994

7,490 1,240,540 123,640 23,947 |10,292,772 678,634

Table VI.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong in the Year 1917.

CLEARED.

NATIONALITY

OF

WITH CARgoes.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

VESSELS.

Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

British,

American,

4,626 4,294,866 236,886 50 130,497 4,118

219 282,284 12,552 25 34,636 1,464

4,845 4,577,150 249,438

75 165,133 5,582

Austrian,

Belgian,

Chinese,

Chinese Junks,

Danish,

Dutch,

French,.

German,

Italian,

Japanese,

5

132

942

657,089 52,602 10,545 1,385,840 169,620 15,765 196 391,164 13,354

81 80,727 2,502 215,429

I

24

595 36,421

4,634 31.079 56 1,018

1,023 13,047 6

737,816 57,236 1,601.269 200,699

16,360 252

156

427,585 14,372

135

236,257 12,590

20

11,529

748

155

247,786 13,338

1

3,420

52

1

Norwegian,

Portuguese,

Russian,

688 1,631,857 47,386

104 130,038 5,928

373 477,313

13,336

3,420 1,061 2,109,170

33 32,753

1,585

52 60,722 137 162,791 7,113

222

66,204 7,257

31

19,582

1,825

253

85,786

9,082

5,488 241

1

1,233

43

5

6,721

284

Siamese,

Swedish,

No Flag,

2,992 119

1

1,080

99

2

4,072

218

10,825 179

4

10,825

179

1

445

70

445

70

Steamships under 60 tons

trading to ports outside the Colony,

602

28,932 11,401

2,707

81,174 26,570

3,309

110,106 37,971

TOTAL,... 18,061 $,991,234 561,529

6,019 1,275,201| 95,079

24,080 | 10,266,435 656,608

Table VII.

Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers, and Cargoes of Junks ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong, from Ports ou the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1917

CARGO.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Tons. Crew.

Passen- ('argo, Ves-

Crew.

Tons.

gers.

sels.

Tons.

Passen- Ves- gers. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Lassen-

g PS.

Cargo,

Tons.

Canton,

West River,

Macao,

East Coast,

2.143

West Coast,

156

1.446 233.200 26.224

4,215 461,556 69,466 225 35.023 2,790

173.627 20,380

10.820 1,897

132

134,991 | 2,064 | 414,944 38,138 67,414 |163,059 |2,083 |235,672 31,676 18,600 495 41,099 7,639 91.349 140 7.745 1,214 36 2,565 53 2,323 575

105

3,510| 648,144 64,362 6,298 697,228 101,142 720 76,122 10.429 83 2,283 181,372| 21,594 B 2.9 13,143] 2,472

134,991

67,819 | 163,059

18,600

215

91,349

49

2,565

Total, 1917,

8.185914.226 120.757

67 582 | 410,5644,835 | 701.783

79,242

501 13,020 1,616,009| 199,999

68,083 |410,564

Total. 1916,

7,195803.308 | 104,432

61,011 | 347,550 |5,370 |714,767 $7,711

1914 |12,565 |1,518,075| 192,143

62,925 | 347,550

| 347,550

- D 24 --

4-----ཡ

Table VIII.

*

TOTAL.

Total Number, Tounage, Crews, Passengers, and Cargoes of Junks CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong for Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1917.

CARGO.

BALLAST.

D 25

Vessels.

Tons. Crew.

gers.

Passen- Cargo, Ves- Tons. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen- Ves-

gers. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen-

gers.

Cargo.

Tons.

Canton..

West River.

Macao,

East Coast,

West Coast,

4,059 703,854 72,732 4,513 541,185 75,057 450 53,344 6,499 1,367 74,614 13,167 156 12,843 2,165

77,109

2

168

670,923 72 7,603 988 312,326 1,423 96,566 19,087 33,167 88 15,965 1,023 31,188 866 93,721

4,346 53 1,374

9,589

392

35

7

4,131 711,457 73,7.0 50 5,936 637,751 94,144 538 69,309 7,522 2,233 | 168,335| 22,756 209 14,417 2,557

670,923

77,159 312,326

33,167

203 31,188

7 4,346

Total, 1917, ...

10,545 1,385,840| 169,620

77,279 1,051,950 2,502.| 215,429

31,079

@2 13,047 1,601,269; 200,699 77,371 1,051,950

Total, 1916,.

10,562 (1,526,181| 168,823

53,907

946,366 1,920 || 157,865

22,949

2,529 (12,482|1,683,546| 191,772

56,436 946,366

3

7

FOREIGN TRADE.

D 26

Table IX.

Summary of Arrivals and Departures of all Vessels.

1916.

1917.

NO. OF VESSELS.

TONS.

CREW.

No. of VESSELS.

TONS.

CREW.

British Ships entered with Cargoes,

Do.

do. in Ballast,

5,229 154

5,272,550

280,212

215,432

9,606

4,647 177

4,344,303 236,142

253,915

11,992

Total,

5,393

5,487,982

289,818

4,824

4,580,445

265,907

British Ships cleared with Cargoes,

5,117

5,141,211

271,186

4,626

4.294,866

236,886

Do.

do. in Ballast,

268

366,601

18,195

219

282,28i

12,552

Total,

5,385

5,507,812

289,381

4,845

4,577,150

249,438

:

Foreign Ships entered with Cargoes,

Do.

do. in Ballast,

2,815

3,740,159

161,416

2,666

3,756,026

165,731

232

210,252

8,514

214

230,250

9,265

Total,

3,047

3,950,411

169,930

2,880

3,986,276

174,996

Foreign Ships cleared with Cargoes,

Do.

2,575

3,302,746

148,941

2,288

3,281,596

143,622

do; in Ballast,

465

645,539

19,893

591

696,314

24,878

Total,

3,040

3,948,285

168,834

2,879

3,977,910

168,500

Steamships under 60 tons entered with Cargoes,

Do.

do.

1,187

44,664

21,381

959

37,677

14,591

do.

in Ballast

2,019

61,156

18,819

2,264

72,365

23,141

Total,

3.206

105,820

40,200

3,223

110,042.

37,782

Steamships under 60 tons cleared with Cargoes,

677

31,407

16,288

602

28,932

11.401

Do.

do.

do. in Ballast,

Total,

2,567

75,123

23,622

2,707

81,174

26,570

3,244

106,530

39,910

3,309

110,106

37,971

Junks entered with Cargoes,

Do. do. in Ballast,

7.195

803,308

104,432

8,185

914,226

120,757

5,370

714,767

87,711

4,835

701,783

79,242

Total,

12,565

1,518,075

192,143

13,020

1,616,009

199.999

Junks cleared with Cargoes,

Do. do. in Ballast,

Total,

Total of all Vessels entered,

Total of all Vessels cleared,

10,562 1,526,181

1,920

157,365

12,482 1,683,546

24,201 11,062,288 24,151 11,246.173

168,823

10,545

1,385,840

169,620

22,949

2,502

215,429

31,079

191,772

13,047 1,601,269

200,699

692,091 23,947 10,292,772 689,897 24,080 10,266,435

678,634

656,608

Total of all Vessels entered and cleared, in

Foreign Trade,

48,352

22,308,461

1,381,988

48,027

20,559,207 1,335,242

LOCAL TRADE.

Total Junks entered,

Do.

cleared,

Total Local Trade entered and cleared,

17,320 18,136

712,310 728,062

123,934

12,124

130,111

108,522

113,303

12,404

426,359

114,225

35,456 1,440,372

237,237

24,528

856,470

222.747

Total Foreign Trade entered and cleared, Total Local Trade entered and cleared,,

48,352 35,456

22,308,461 1,440,372

1,381,988

48,027 237,237 24,528

20,559,207 856,470

1,335,242

222,747

Grand Total,

83,808 23,748,833

1,619,225.

72,555

21,415,677

1,557,989

PLACES.

Table X.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Entered in the Colony of Hongkong during the year 1917.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

Within the Waters of the Colony, 1916,

Do.,

Outside the Waters of the Colony

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crew.

Passengers.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crew.

190,522 | 3,679,605 | 1,521,558

1917, .

176,441 | 3,472,100 | 1.450,650

88,072 2,636,782 684,144 | 6,274,583 97,827 2,789,768 $36,252 | 5,058,048

5,495

4,898

Passengers.

Tons.

Cargo,

Vessels.

TOTAL.

Tonnage.

Crew.

Passengers.

Cargo,

Tons.

279,494 | 6,316,383 | 2,205,702 | 6,274,583 5,195 274,268 | 6,211,868 | 2,286,002 | 5,058,048 4,898

Canton,.

1,391 35,420|12,810

West River,

54 2,619

536

Macao,

16 1,632

130

:

:

:

379 11,218 3,554

10 1,770 46,639 |16,364

10

88 4,768 1,799, 307 1,415

142 7,387 2,335

307 1,415

East Coast,

83 3,432 806

Other places,

720 29,262 8,859 1,604

151 4,926 1,485 2,809

Total,.

2,264 72,36523,141| 1,604

10 1,377 88

331 15,388 7,665 7,702 3,900

26 3,009 218

414 18,820 8,471 7,702 3,900- 871 34,188 10,344 4,413

959 37,677 14,591 10,818 5,325 3,223 110,043 37,732 12,422 5,325

37,732

t

27

PLACES.

Table XI.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Cleared in the Colony of Hongkong during the year 1917.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

TOTAL.

Bunker

Vessels.

Ton-

nage.

Crews.

Passen- Vessels. gers.

Ton-

nage.

Crews.

Passen

gers.

Cargo, Vessels. Tons.

Ton-

nage.

Crews.

Passen- Cargo, Tons.

gers.

Coal,

Tons.

Do.,

Within the Waters of the Colony 1916, 1917,

190,294 3,072,985 1,519,342

176,235

3,473,621 1,448,651

Outside the Waters of the Colony

Canton,

West River,

Macao,

East Coast,

Other places,

Total,

4,181

89,200 | 2,634,403|1,016,280 | 6,295,888 838,250 5,116,975 4,671 98,0332,738,247

279,494 6,307,801 | 2,535,622 | 6,295,888 274,2686,211,868 2,286,901 | 5,116,975

4,151

4,671

15,694

48,022

1,700 43,507 15,758

:

52❘ 2,478

519

87

51 2,663 540

4,754 1,752 266 2,347

18

17 1,619

136

6

96

3,781

885

1,273

322 15,087 7,656 7,773 4,239

57

2

842 29,789 9,272 3,962

136 | 5,155 1,396 2,791 78

6,570 2,707 81,174 26,570 | 3,966|

602 1,751 46,170 16,298

139 7,232 2,271

193

23 2,892 418 18,868 | 8,541|| 7,773 4,239|2,709 978 34,944 10,668| 6,753 73 3,374 602 28,932 11,401 10,848 | 7,263 3,309 110,106 37,971 14,814 7,263 21,257

18

602 13,674

270 | 2,347 | 1,416

2

84

:

Table XII.

Number of Boat Licences, Permits, etc., issued and fees collected during the year 1917, as compared with the previous year. (Under Table U, Section 40, of Ordinance No. 10 of 1899.)

1916.

1917.

DESCRIPTION.

LICENCE. LICENCE DUPLI- REPAINT- BOOKS.

CATE.

ING.

SPECIAL

PERMITS.

FEES.

LICENCE, LICENCE DUPLI- Books. CATE.

REPAINT-

SPECIAL

ING. PERMITS.

FEES.

D 29

Licence Book, $1.00 each,

3,374

$2.00

...

99

3:

""

$10.00

>>

"

""

Repainting,

$0.25

""

Special Permits

39

Passenger Boats, Classes A & B,.|

1,169

Lighters, Cargo & Water Boats,

1,697

Other Boats,..

11,605

:

Fish Drying Hulks,.

59

Duplicate Licences,

9

ΤΟΤΑΙ,

14,5303,374

95,216 2,060

3,374.00

3,140

3,140.00

5,216

1,304.00

4,720

...

1,180.00

2,060

514.00

:

2,120

580.00

7,470.75

1,114

40,893.58

1,759

7,168.75

42,757.10

:

42,207.16

13,068

42,742.85

454.75

60

472.50

9.00

7.00

96,227.24 16,001 3,140 7 | 4,720 2,120 97,998.20

t-

Refunded on Lighters laid up,..

27.00

Total, ...$ 96,200.24

Total, ...$ 97,998.20

D 30

Table XIII.

Comparative Statement of Revenue collected in the Harbour

Department during the years 1916 and 1917.

Sub-head of Revenue.

Amount

Amount

1916.

1917.

1. Light Dues, Ordinance 10 of 1899,

Special Assessment,

2. Licences and Internal Revenue not other-

wise specified :-

$

C.

75,031.83 87,445.72

$

..

68,656.82 79,810.39

Boat Licences, Ordinance 10 of 1899, Chinese Passenger Ship Licences, Or-

96,200.24 | 97,998.20

dinance 1 of 1889,

1,515.00

1,575.00

Emigration Brokers' Licences, Ordi-

nance 1 of 1889,

1,000,00

Fines,

8,811.09

7,873.32

Forfeitures,

Fishing Stake and Station Licences,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,

Fishing Stake and Station Licences, do.,)

from the New Territories,

Junk Licences, &e., Ord. 10 of 1899, Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899,

from the New Territories,

Pilots Licences, Ordinance 3 of 1904, Steam-launch Licences, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

3. Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes, and Reimburse- ments-in-Aid :-

Court Fees,

Engagement and Discharge of Seamen,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,....

Engagement of Masters and Engineers of Steam-launches, Ord. 10 of 1899, Examination of Masters, &c., Ordinance

178.40

152.40

2,599.90 | 2,401.40 42,885.34 | 40,262.25

10,814.00

10,168.75

130,00

170.00

7,501.00

8,693.50

30.00

30,400,60 29,007.00

258.00

275.50

10 of 1899,

2,962.50

2,570.00

Fees for use of Government Buoys,

Ordinance 10 of 1899.......

50,722.00

61,156.00

Gunpowder, Storage of, Ord. 10 of 1899, Medical Examination of Emigrants, Ord.

4,600.78 7,219.81

1 of 1889,

Official Signatures,

Printed Forms, Sale of,

Registry Fees (Merchant Shipping Act),

Ordinance 10 of 1899,.. Steam-launches, Surveyor's Certificate,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,.....

Survey of Steamships, Ordinance 10 of

1899,....

Sunday Cargo Working Permits, Ord.

1 of 1891,.

Total,.

#72,686.50 +62,836.50 6,066.00 8,140.00

182,00

164.25

1,278.00

6,298.00

4,215.00 5,910.00

26,248.34 31,058.67

116,000.00 133,675.00

.$649,732.24 666,102.67

* † See next page.

1

:

D 31

* Statement of Emigration Fees, 1916 :-

Expenditure incurred by.

$ 4,200.00 (Estimated.)

3,363.32

Revenue collected by.

Harbour Department,...... $72,686.50

Office of Secretary for

Chinese Affairs,

5,212.50

8,284.80

Medical Department,....

$ 86,183.80

$ 24,236.35

Net Revenue.

$ 61,947.15

Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health,

16,673.03

Revenue collected by.

Harbour Department,...... $ 62,836.50

Office of Secretary for

Chinese Affairs,

9,137.50

† Statement of Emigration Fees, 1917:-

Expenditure incurred by.

$ 4,200.00 (Estimated.)

1,817.62

Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health,

Medical Department,......

8,634.00

17,323.29

$ 80,608.00

$ 22,870,91

Net Revenue..

.$ 57,737.09

Table XIV.

Summary of Chinese Emigrants from Hongkong for Ports other than in China, during the year 1917.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

GRAND TOTAL.

PORTS.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children,

Adults.

Children.

Total,

Total.

Total.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M. F'.

M.

P.

M.

F.

M.

F.

Australia,

870

881 1.294

01

1,296 | 2,164

1 2,177

Fritish Borneo,

2,493

846 181

91 3,111

2.493

346

181

91

3,111

Calcutta,

1,510

191

65

30 1,796

1,510

191

65

30

1,796

Canada,

373

13

386 1401

20

1,421| 1,774

33

1,807

Dutch Indies,

[10,853

637

495

97 |12,082 [10,853

637

495

97 12,082

Fiji,

46

47

46

47

Honolulu,

2.674: 228

141

83 3,126 2,674

228

141

$3

Japan,..

46

46 746

91

19

10 866

792

91

19

10

33

3,126

912

Mauritius,

84

97

64

6

79 148

15

13

176

Mexico,

:

300

10

315 300

10

315

South Africa,..

14

19

14

19

South America,..

Straits Settlements,.

Tahiti,

U. S. of America,.

626

31

39

699 626

31

39

699

41,099| 7,839 | 2,959

919 52,846 | 8,721 1,119

471

22

28

:

22

34 6,234

49 387

Total 1917,

46,585 | 8,389 | 3,210, 1,071 50.285 (32,913 2,169 1,590

Do. 1916,

65,861|13,849 | 5,264 | 1,765 |86,739 |27,663| 1,581|1,359

Total Passengers by British Ships, Total Passengers by Foreign Ships,

135 (10,446 (49,820|8,958| 3,430 | 1,084 22

13| 6,683 6,262

341 37,013 79,498 |10,558 | 4,830 1,412 96,298 311 30,914 93,524 15,430 6,623 | 2,076 | 117,653 |46,555| 8,389| 3,240 1,071 ||32,913) 2,169| 1,590 341 37,013

59,285

63,292

22

49 393

13

6,717

Excess of Passengers by British Ships,.

13,672] 6,220|1,650

730 22,272

D 32 --

:

Table XV.

Statement of Average Number of Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1880 to 1915 inclusive.

1880.

1885.

1890.

1895.

4 1,720

63,138

66,706

60,360

1900. 1905.

73,103

66,961

1910. 1915. 88,452 109,110

Table XVI.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, for Ten Years, from 1908 to 1917 inclusive.

1

Whither bound.

1908.

1909. 1910. 1911. 1912.

1913.

1914. 1915.

1916.

1917.

Straits Settlements, Males, Straits Settlements, Females,

40,746 40.129

8,893

7,887

65,372 83.875 ∙11,333 17,031

Total,

49,639

48,016

76,705 |100,906

68,809 85,099 36,764 32,440 15,215 17,254

84,024 | 102,353 | 44,974

66,965

53,250

8,210 8,838

15,832

10,042

41,278

82,797

63,292

Other Ports, Males,

21,299

Other Ports, Females,

· 143

28,965

449

33,692

661

33,935

724

842

Total,

21,442

29,414

34,353

34,659

37,791 39,001 1,405

38,633 40,406 31,322

30,358

964

25,811 33,182 31,078 1,674

1,186

1,928

26,997

34,856

33,006

Grand Total,

71,081

77,430 | 111,058 |135,565|122,657 | 142,759

76,296

68,275112 117,653 96,298

- D 33 -

Table XVII.

Summary of Chinese Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other thau in China, during the year 1917.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

GRAND TOTAL.

WHERE FROM.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults,

Children.

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

F.

M.

1.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

I.

M.

F.

- D 34 -

Australia,

1,063

37

59

25

1,184

1,037

28

50

16

British Borneo,...

1,131

2,100

65 109

2,315

656

47

74

805

93

14

3

118

749

55

SS

Bangkok,

31

923

841

59

100

33

1,033

987

45

68

22

1,122

1,828

104

168

Canada,

55

2,155

Dutch Indies,

3,678

117

215

62

4,072

20

B

28

3,698

120

219

63

4,100

45

4

5

55

5,661

434

695

246

Honolulu,

7,036

5,706

438

700

247

7,091

575

92

141

47

855

575

Japan,

92

141

47

856

534

21

29

598

1,665

158

236

82

2,141

South Africa,

2,199

179

265

96

2,739

143

11

14

174

143

11

14

South America,.

6

174

463

18

24

10

515

463

18

24

Straits Settlements,.

10

515

38,171

United States of America,

3,006|4,464 | 1,466

47,107

20,413

1,680 | 2.491

744

25,828

58,584

4.686 || 6.955

2,210

72,485

4,350

188 288

104

4,980

4,350

188

288

101

4,930

Total Passengers, 1917....

Do.,

45,131

1916,.. 43.381

3,302 |4,960 | 1,635 55,028 35,264 979 1,019 244 45,623 25,143

2,654 4,011 1,275

43,204

89,395

5,956 8,9712,910

98,232

616 844 179

26,782

68,524

1,595 | 1,863 4.23

72,405

Total Passengers by British Vessels, Total Passengers by Foreign Vessels, Excess of Passengers by British Vessels,

45,131

3,302 | 4,960 |1,635

55,028

35,264

2.651 |4,011 | 1,275

43,204

9,867

648 949 360

11,824

1

·

Table XVIII.

Statement of Average Number of Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1880 to 1915 inclusive,

1880. 1885. 1890. 48,114 68,830 96,068

1895. 1900. 104,118 109,534

1905. 1910. 1915. 137,814 146,585 151,728

Table XIX.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, for Ten Years, from 1908 to 1917 inclusive.

Where from.

1908. 1909. 1910. 1911. 1912. 1913. 1914. 1915.

1916.

1917.

Straits Settlements, Males, Straits Settlements, Females,

Total,

125,228 112,093 |110,439 |114,069 |123,594 | 123,363 | 186,753 4,422 3,387 7,524 5,688 7,869 10,381 4,605 129,650 | 115,480 |117,963 |119,757 |131,463 | 133,744 | 141,358

79,349

46,454

65,539

1,482 1,201

80,831 47,655

6,896

72,435

Other Ports, Males.. Other Ports, Females,

Total,

27,869

290

28,159

29,180 30.986 28,816 30,335 31,756 26,462 161 615 1,321 1,450 1,421 1,007 969 29,341 31,601 30,187 31,785 83.177 27,469 28,922

27,953

23.933

23.827

817

1,970

24,750 25,797

Grand Total,

157,809 | 144,821 |149,564 [149,894 163,248 |166,921 | 168,827 |109,753

72,405 98,232

- D 35 -

Table XX.

Return of Vessels Registered at the Port of Hongkong during the year 1917.

Official

Name of Vessel.

Number.

Registered

Tonnage.

Power.

Horse

Rig.

Build.

Where and when built.

Remarks.

1. San Ning, 2. Lien Shing,

3. Cavanba,

4. Jehangir,.

5. Aspinet,

7. Massasoit,

139,563 303.27

66

98,078 | 1,048.57

175

None

Schooner

Clencher Hongkong,

1916

Sonan, Glasgow,

1890

Transferred from London.

113,973.

280.55

97

Paisley, Scotland,

1901

Sydney.

98,596 | 3,360.71

627

Dumbarton,

1890

53

"

114,733 | 3,170.97

403

Port Glasgow,

.1901

"}

6. Masconomo,

115,230 2,965.42

335

Low Walker-on-Tyne, ...1901

}}

"

115,304 2,928.67 410

2

-,

Elswick-on-Tyne,

.1902

>>

>>

8. Oneka,

118,290 | 3,343.71

418

,

""

Port Glasgow,

1903

*

9. Samoset,

128,244 3,302.11 426

Fore and aft

35

Old Kilpatrick,

1908

>>

10. Satanta,

11. Sequoya,

127,433 3,354.43

427

Schooner

";

West Hartlepool,

1908

#

་་

128,215 | 3,318.38

426

Fore and aft

2)

Old Kilpatrick,

1908

::

12. Shabonee,

132,076 | 3,230,16

475

13. Tahchee, 14. Tamaha, 15. Tascalusa,

136,066 | 4,055,46

526

Schooner

None

Sunderland,

1913

"}

}}

Middlesbrough,

1914

19

Bombay.

London.

Liverpool.

>

London.

Glasgow.

West Hartlepool. Glasgow. Sunderland. Middlesbrough.

136,063 | 4,047.45

526

1914

11

"

"J

"

136.062 4.052.43 526

1913

+9

+3

14

23

16. Tatarrax,..

135,335 3,976.15 321 Fore and aft Schooner

Greenock,

1913

>1

21. Winamac,

17. Uncas,

18. Wabasha, 19. Waneta, 20. Wapello.

22. Daylight, 23. Drumeltan,

114,312 3,598.77

87,920

1,820.12

135,326 2,896.91 470

Schooner

1913

118,637| 3,796.73

490

West Hartlepool,

1904

}}

129,096

943.21

225

Greenock,

.1910

;;

135,271 3,368.17

510

Fore and aft Schooner

Low Walker-on-Tyne, ...1912

21

135,601 | 3,605.65

499

Schooner

Stockton.

1913

፡፡

>"

Barque

Port Glasgow.

1901

Greenock,

Newcastle.

London.

Stockton.

London.

Barque

Greenock,

1883

"

49

"}

};

D 36 -

Table XX,-Continued.

Return of Vessels Registered at the Port of Hongkong during the year 1917.

Name of Vessel.

Official

Number.

Registered

Tonnage.

Horse

Power.

Rig.

Build.

Where and when built.

Remarks.

24. Tecumseh. 25. Tacoma,

135,829 4,247.07

620

Schooner

135,832 | 4,232.54

620

"}

26. Taikoo Teen,

139,561

2.62 11

Carvel

Hongkong,

27. Tien Cheong,

139,564

38.46

Clencher Flensburg, Germany,....1908 Transferred from Shanghai.

Mongkok, Hongkong, .1917

.1909

1911

28. May II,

139,565

16.41

9.8

Hongkong,

1916

29. Calais,

139,566 | 109.07

Clencher

1917

";

30. Kwai Sang,.

139,569 | 1,434.60

200

Schooner

1917

:,

31. Zetes,

139,567 109.07

1917

"

};

32. Ares,

139,568

11.37

6

33. Innamincka,

89,430| 1,324.61

430

Schooner

Carvel

Clencher

1916

Yoker, Dumbartonshire,.1890 Transferred from Port Adelaide.

34. Rotorua,

75,214

35. Cornelia,.

555.24 172 78,689 194.34 60

Dumbarton,

1876

"}

"

"

}}

Penang.

"

་་

Montrose,

1878

";

36. Hok Canton,

37. Amberst,

38. Shiu Cheong,

39. Peewit,

89,149 287.60 65 90,097 134.66 52 139,570 88.53 139.571

ད་

Compositej Glasgow,

1875

>

"}

་་

Yawl

Clencher Port Glasgow,

1886

Singapore,

Carvel

Hongkong,

.1917

7.39

.1910

40. Antolycus,

139,572 3,664.00 449

Schooner

Clencher

.1917

41. Helikon,

139,573 1,385.29

148

1917

>>

事务

42. Bailey 1,

139.574 10.52

7

Carvel

1902

*

43. Bailey 2,

44. Chak Sang,

45. Suiyang,

46. Prosper,

128,697 11.24 10 139,576 1,470.24 200 139,576 1,593.68 161 139,577 | 1,376.90

Schooner

Clencher

1896 | Formerly "Tai Yeuk Fong ". 1917

!3

1917

"2

}}

步步

148

1917

}}

- D 37

}

Table XXI.

Return of Registers of Vessels Cancelled at the Port of Hongkong during the year 1917.

Name of Vessel.

Official

Number.

Registered

Tonnage.

Date of

Registry.

Rig.

Build.

Where and when built.

Reason of Cancellation.

1. Shasi,

128,691

789.69 6.7.10

None

Clencher Hongkong,

..1910

Transferred to London.

2. Autolycus,

139,572 | 3,664.00

7.8.17

Schooner

*

3. Wapello,

135,271 | 3,368,17 26.4.17 Fore and aft Schooner

4. Sam Shni,

109,852 161.84 6.7.99

None

1917 Transferred to Liverpool,

Low Walker-on-Tyne, ...1912 | Sunk under Enemy action. Hongkong, Hunghom,...1899 | Sold to foreigners.

5. San Ui,

116,035

194.60 18.4.04

6. Lin Tan,

116,036

355.27 22.4.04

7. Sainan,

109,859 366.85 14.3.01

8. Nanning,.

109,856 348.3423.11.00

""

Hongkong,

..1904

Do.

Carvel

.1901

Do.

Clencher

.1900

Do.

11

.1900

Do.

"!

"}

D 38

D 39

Table XXII.

Number and Tonnage of Vessels in Foreign Trade Entered and

Cleared since 1908.

YEAR.

NO. OF

VESSELS.

TONNAGE.

1908

45,403

22,305,131

1909

43,794

22,415,125

1910

38,727

23,067,391

1911

44,978

23,063,108

1912

46,603

24,269,270

1913

47,520

25,821,652

1914

51,214

25,279,624

1915

50,148

22,515,023

1916

48,350

22,308,311

1917

48,026

20,537,119

Table XXIII.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department.

Year.

Total Revenue of Department.

Total Expenditure of Department.

Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

C.

$ c.

%

1908,.

357,768.52

163,579.54

45.72

1909.

462,469.82

172,680.55

37.34

1910

494,234.84

160,035.89

32.38

1911

506,964,85

161,149.32

31.76

1912,

549,275.40

149,043.58

27.13

1913

612,672.08

168,069.06

27.42

1914,

579,442.92

173,214.01

29.89

1915

551,237.90

166,465.04

30.19

` 1916,.

649,732,24

165,295.31

25.44

1917

666,102.79

198,015.49

29.73

Table XXIV.

DIAGRAM of Tonnage entered at Hongkong, from 1867 to 1917 inclusive.

resents British Shipping Tonnage only.

K LINE represents German Shipping ily.

LINE represents Japanese Shipping rly.

represents Foreign Shipping Tonnage

GREEN LINE represents British and Foreign Ship- ping Tonnage,

"YELLOW LINE represents Junk Tonnage only, cluding Local Trade.

VIOLET LINE represents Steam-launch Tonnage only excluding Local Trade.

THICK BLACK LINE represents entire Foreign Trade in British and Foreign Ships, Junks and Steam-

launches.

1870.

1871.

1872.

1873.

1874.

1875.

1876.

1877.

1878.

1879.

1880.

1881.

1882.

1883.

1884.

1885.

1886.

1887.

1888.

1889.

1890.

1891.

1892.

1893.

1894.

1895.

1896.

1897.

1898.

1899.

1900.

1901.

1902.

1903.

1904.

1905.

1906.

1907.

1908.

1909.

1910.

1911.

1912.

1913.

1914. 1913.

1916.

1917.

14,000,000

13,800,000

13,600,000

13,400,000

13,200,000

13,000,000

12,800,000

12,600,000

12,400,000

12,200,000

12,000,000

11,800,000

11,600,000

11,400,000

11,200,000

11,000,000

TONS.

1869.

1870.

1871.

1872.

1873.

1874.

1875.

1876.

1877.

1878.

1879.

1880.

1881.

only.

D LINE represents Japanese Shipping only.

represents Foreign Shipping Tonnage

cluding Local Trade.

VIOLET LINE represents Steam-launch Tonnage only, excluding Local Trade.

THICK BLACK LINE represents entire Foreign Trade Junks and Steam-

in British and

Foreign Ships,

launches.

1882.

1883.

1884.

1885.

1886.

1887.

1888.

1889.

1890.

1891.

1892.

1893.

1894.

1895.

1896.

1897.

1898.

1899.

1900.

1901.

1902.

1903.

1904.

1905.

1906.

1907.

1908.

1909.

1910.

1911.

1912.

1913.

1914.

1915.

1916.

1917.

14,000,000

13,800,000

13,600,000

13,400,000

13,200,000

13,000,000

12,800,000

12,600,000

12,400,000

12,200,000

12,000,000

11,800,000

11,600,000

I1,400,000

II,200,000

I 1,000,000

10,800,000

10,600,000

10,400,000

10,200,000

10,000,000

9,800,000

9,600,000

9,400.000

9,200,000

9,000,000

8,800,000

8,600,000

8,400,000

8,200,000

8,000,000

7,900,000

7,800,000

7,700,000

TONS.

Appendix E.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1917.

STAFF.

1. The Superintendent, Mr. R. O. Hutchison, M.B.E., was obliged by ill-health to go on sick-leave from the 23rd May and left for England on the 9th June. Mr. J. D. Lloyd was seconded for Military Service on the 11th November. Mr. D. W. Tratman acted as Superintendent from the 23rd May and Mr. Lloyd's place was filled by Mr. W. J. Carrie.

Owing to the heavy demands of War Trade problems on the Superintendent's time it was found necessary to create a new European post under the title of Supervisor and Accountant. Mr. S. Hamer was transferred from the Public Works Department to this office on the 1st June.

LIQUOR CONSOLIDATION ORDINANCE.

2. The net revenue collected from liquor duties and licensed warehouses for 1917 was $781,214.80 as compared with $793,762.24 for 1916. The general details are as follows:-

1917.

1916.

Duties on European Liquors, ...$207,233.09 $208,598.84

Duties on Chinese Liquors,

568,168.71

579,376.40

Licensed Warehouse Fees,

5,750.00

5,750.00

Licensed Warehouse Overtime

:

Fees,

63.00

37.00

Total,

.$781,214.80 $793,762.24

:

No increase in duty was made during the year under review and there appears to be a slight falling off in consumption of all kinds of liquor. There was a marked decrease in the amount of European Liquors imported, and, owing to shipping restrictions, the export trade in Chinese Liquors has suffered severely. local distilleries continue to do well.

The

Full details of the trade in European liquors are given in Table I and in Chinese liquors in Tables II and III,

E 2

OPIUM MONOPOLY.

3. The total quantity of raw opium boiled during the year was 352 chests as compared with 365 chests in 1916.

was

4. The revenue derived from the sale of opium $5,887,475.44 as compared with $5,811,110.15 in 1916. The price of prepared opium remained unchanged during the year.

5. A large number of seizures were again made during the year as will be seen from Table IV. The amount of Raw Opium again shows a decrease owing to steps taken to prevent the re-exportation of raw opium from the United Kingdom. There is a slight increase in the amount of Prepared Opium seized.

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF RAW OPIUM.

6. Tables V to VII show the details of the import and export of raw opium.

The total amount of certificated Indian Opium imported into the Kwang Tang province during the year only amounted to 38 chests. 186 chests were exported to Shanghai.. The whole of the Persian Opium landed in the Colony was forwarded to Formosa.

Uncertificated Opium was imported for the Government Monopoly and the Macao Opium Farmer.

SUGAR.

7. Table VIII shews the details of the import of sugar during the year.

TOBACCO ORDINANCE.

8. The net revenue collected under the Tobacco Ordinance was $499,871.71. Details of this revenue are shown in Table IX and the movements of all kinds of tobacco are shown in Tables X, XI, XII, and XIII.

The Tobacco Ordinance was applied to the New Territories generally as from 1st July. In order to minimise the amount of supervision required, the manufacturers in the New Territories (North District) are allowed to pay duty on the raw leaf on removal from bond, fixed rebates being granted according to the class of leaf to cover loss on offal. The market-village of Tai () (Lantao Islands) is allowed to import prepared tobacco from Chinese Territory, paying duty through the Police. The New Territories retailers have not been required to take out licences except in New Kowloon and Cheung Chau,

E

IMPORTATION AND EXPORTATION ORDINANCE.

9. The control of trade for war purposes, for which this Ordinance is the chief instrument, continued to overshadow all the Department's activities. Table XIII gives some idea of the volume of work involved.

other branches of the

The chief feature of the year was the opening of numerous Wolfram mines in the adjacent Chinese Province of Kwang Tung. Deposits of Wolframite were found in many parts of the Province, some at only a few miles distance from the British frontier, and the abnormal demand from munition factories for this ingredient of toolsteel soon created a state of affairs which is best described by the term " "boom". It is not possible to arrive at any accurate estimate of the total produce of the various workings, as, owing to the restrictions imposed by the Imperial Authorities on the export of this article from Hongkong to the United States, considerable quantities were carried to Swatow either overland or by vessels passing outside the water of the Colony. From Swatow this ore is forwarded to Shanghai for transhipment to the United States of America.

Another feature was a great increase in the imports of Indian groundouts from Penang and Singapore. Failure of crops and heavy foreign buying in North China were alleged as reasons for this increase, but an examination of the returns of the Chinese Maritime Customs does not support this view. The real reason seems to have been the low price of the Indian nuts coupled with the relative abundance of tonnage on this run.

TRADE STATISTICS.

10. The first task of the new Supervisor and Accountant was to make a thorough investigation of the work of the Statistical Staff. It was found that not only were the records badly in arrear, but that such work as had been done was so inaccurate and un- systematic as to be valueless. It was therefore decided to abandon all attempts to tabulate the information available prior to the 1st July, 1917, and to concentrate the organisation of a sound working basis during the remainder of the year as a preparation for 1918. To this end the clerical staff was largely increased and additional office-accommodation was requisitioned, while work was begun in the preparation of a list of Statistical Headings covering all the im- portant items in the trade of the Port. The Department is much indebted in this matter to the courtesy of Mr. A. H. Harris, Com- missioner of the Chinese Maritime Customs, who was good enough to provide for its use copies of the Statistical Classifications used by his own Service. The draft of the new list was on completion submitted to the Hongkong General Chamber of Commerce who gave much valuable advice. The list as finally revised was printed and published in December, 1917. A draft list was put into force from the 1st July and with the aid of this some fairly comprehensive statistics of Imports and Exports for the latter part of the year have been compiled and printed,

- E 4

REVENUE AND EXPENDIture.

11. The nett revenue collected by the department during the year was $7,175,808.22 as against $6,826,324.36 collected in the previous year of 1916, showing an increase of $349,483.86. Details are as follows:

REVENUE IN REVENUE IN

1917.

DE-

INCREASE.

1916.

CREASE.

$

Liquor Duties.

Opium Monopoly,

781.214 80

793,762.24

12,547.44

*5.887,475 44

5.811,110.15

76,365.29

Tobacco Duties,.

Forfeitures,

Official Signatures Fees, Sugar Certificates and

499.871.71

†211,181.73

288,689.98

4.348.27

7,68.75

3,333.48

2.688.00

1,400.00

1,288.00

Permits,

S-

1,185.00

1,185,00

Rent of Government Pro-

perty:

Buildings, Interest.

210.00

210.00

3.49

3.49

Total,

.S 7,175,808.22

6,826,324.36

366,553.27 17,069.41

Including $27,530.42 opium fines transferred.

† From 15th July, 1916. only.

§ Fees included under Official Signatures Fecs.

The actual expenditure of the department for the year was $716,011.28 as against $753,228.85 expended in 1916, showing a decrease of $37,317.57 in spite of considerable additions to the staff. This saving is due to the high value of the dollar and to an arrangement with the Government of India by which payment for Opium is made through London at the real rate of the day instead of at the nominal rate prevailing here.

D. W. TRATMAN, Superintendent of Imports and Exports.

4th May, 1918.

Table I.

European Liquor.

Balance in

Exported

Remaining in Bond on the 31st Dec., 1917.

Bond on

ex Ship

Class of Liquor.

31st

Arrivals.

to Ship

Ships'

Stores.

Consumed

Locally.

In H.K. & K.

In Holt's

December,

or ex

1916.

Bond.

Godown Co.'s General Bonded Warehouse.

General

Bonde

Warehouse.

In Licensed Warehouses.

Total in

Bond.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons. Gallons.

Gallons.

Ale, Beer, and Stout,.

59,981

495,157

300,611

17,967

177,183

29,963

5,677

23,737

59,377

Bitters,

161

852

553

27

230

203

203

Brandy,

13,734

28,266

24,152

909

4,930

3,432

296

8,281

12,009

California Wine,.

2,896

2,536

360

360

Champagne,

1,367

2,847

1,385

226

1,381

302

26

894

1,222

Cider,

220

5

40

12

23

150

...

150

1

Claret,..

3,587

34,505

29,179

1,984 | (1) 4,676

779

1,474

2,253

Cocktail,

20

20

20

Gin,

8,069

14,681

12,077

2,183

4,195

220

4,075

4,295

Ginger Wine,

212

128

14

199

· 127

127

Liqueurs,.

2,394

2,938

2,430

522

677

205

23

1,475

1,703

Malaga,

Madeira,

115

1,517

2

1,509

31

90

90

Marsala,

187

78

B

4

21

227

. 227

Medicated Wine,

83

289

281

23

CO

62

68

Port,

Muscatel,.

Prune Wine,

...

4,363

79

10,754

80

6,017

40

437

3,174

818

284

4,387

5,489

40

79

119

(1) Includes 684 gallons for manufacturing tobacco.

Table I,-Continued.

European Liquor,—Continued.

Balance in

Exported.

Bond on

ex Ship

Class of Liquor.

31st

December,

1916.

Arrivals.

to Ship

Ships' Consumed Stores.

Locally.

or ex

Bond.

Remaining in Bond on the 31st Dec., 1917.

In H.K. & K.

Godown Co.'s

General Bonded

Warehouse.

In Holt's

General

In Licensed

Warehouses.

Bonded

Total in

Bond.

Warehouse.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Rum,

1,591

Sake,

238

20,687 (2) 7,616 11,508

3,920 |(1) 8,154

800

2 (3) 1,786

2,588

1,395

352

9,583

416

416

Sherry,

3,156

3,899

1,869

359

1,254

936

22

2,615

3,573

Sparkling Wine,

300

65

46

22

163

46

88

134

Spirit of Wine & Arrack,

13,353

495,738

317,683

(4) 88,431

102,276

701

102,977

...

Other Still Wine,

2,513

9,476

2,958

185

2,273

5,576

70

927

6,573

Tonic Wine,

4

50

50

4

54

Vermouth,

3,239

4,823

4,347

543

1,768

163

1,241

1,404

Vibrona,

9

34

34

4.

9

Whisky,

Wincarnis,

Wine, (European),

26,800

60,073

37,968

5,820

15,363

1,710

3,706

22,306

27,722

66

84

104

46

46

25,296 (5) 24,812

484

(1) Includes 7,913 gallons distilled locally for manufacturing tobacco.

()

3,218

"

"

(3)

983

""

in distilleries.

(4) Includes 88,366 gallons for burning, perfumery, etc. (5) Re-exported without examination.

:

- E 6

Table II.

Chinese Liquor.

Balance in Bond on 31st Dec., 1916.

Arrivals.

Consumed

Locally,

Exported.

Denatured and used for

Vinegar, etc.

Remaining in Bond on the 31st December, 1917.

In

Distilled Locally.

Holt's

In

H.K. & K

Bond.

Dis-

Im-Distilled

Distilled; tilleries. ported. | Locally, ported. Locally, ex Ship ex Dis- to Ship. tilleries.

Im.

ex Bond

or

Godown

In Li-

ex Bond.

Im- Distilled ported. Locally.

General

(Co.'s Gen- censed

Bonded [eral Bond-[ · Ware- Ware- houses. led Ware- house. house.

In Dis-

tilleries.

[

E-

Gallons.

Not more than 25%

of alcohol by weight,|| 12,819

Gallons. |Gallons, Gallons.{Gallons.|Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. {Gallons, Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. 32,065 (801,674 |1,063,677 570;412 | 875,494 | 232,090 58,670 32.284

845 10,946 32,188

200 | 102,106

85%

1,523

"

Above

45%

50%

50%

""

"

112,097

3,411

48.917

494

86 341,419

4,692

15.879j 25,954

45,882) 32,954

2,159

11,486

23,656 3,856

707

830

374

940 294,894

2,451

1,344

3,122

40,464

7,867

118,301

48

3.493

1,133

1,133

:

:

Total,

129.850

32,645 1,197,835|1,130,388) 632,612

887,870 552,591

63,870

36,113

200 | 142,570

8,712

133,570

32,610

Table III.

Return of Distilleries during the year 1917.

Output.

1917.

Consumed

locally,

Sold into Bond.

Exported.

Gallons,

Gallons.

Hongkong and New Kowloon,

35%

15%

Rum,

Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight.| 530,938 | 358,619 22,404 8,520 4,104

44,138

12,114

Gallons. Gallons.

44,461

Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons.

497 3,748

91.908

13,546

171

491 1.839 1.344

40,464

3.218

7,913

983

(1) Total,

595,710 | 363,214

24,740

52,771

7,913

40,464

91,908

14,700

Manufactured in New Territories Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight.] 388,645 335,716 for consumption in Hongkong.

9,880 14,209

10,198

18,642

35%

45%

7,786 7,265

1,763

210

108

203

432 1,283

48

(2) Total,

398,194 | 343,413 11,373

14.317

10,198

18,893

Denatured

for making

Tobacco.

Denatured:

for

preserving Bean-curd.

Used for

Vinegar.

E 8

Stock on

31st Dec..

1917.

!

Table III,-Continued.

Return of Distilleries during the year 1917,-Continued.

Output.

1917.

Consumed

locally.

Bond. Sold into

Exported.

Denatured Denatured

for making

for

preserving

Tobacco. Bean-curd.

Used for

Vinegar.

Stock on

31st Dec.,

1917.

|Gallons. Gallons.[Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons.

New:

Manufactured in New Territories Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight, 181,159| 181,159 for consumption in Territories.

35%

67

67

"}

45%

17

17

>>

(3) Total,.

181.243 181,243

(1) Hongkong and New Kowloon,

(2) Manufactured in New Territories for consumption in Hongkong,

595,710| 363,214 24,740 52,771 398,194 | 343,413

7,913

40.464 91,908 14,700

11,373 14,317

10,198

18,893

(3) Manufactured in New Territories for consumption in New Territories, 181,243 181,243

Grand Total,.

1.175,147 887.870

36,113 67,088

7,913

40,464 102,106

33,593

E 9 -

Table IV.

Seizures of Illicit Opium.

Number

Number

Amount of Prepared

Opium and Opium Dross Confiscated during the year.

Month.

of

Seizures.

of

Convictions.

Raw Opium. Prepared Opium. Opium Dross.

Opium Skins.

Dross Opium.

1917.

Taels.

Taels.

Taels.

Taels.

Taels.

January,

22

18

228.0

1,381-0

38.0

February,

24

12

1,420.0

2,886.1

5'0

March,

19

15

19.0

1,179:2

66.0

April,

36

20

124.0

1,623.5

39.0

5,200.1

May,

29

25

330-0

489.8

24.5

June,

15

10

130.0

615.0

9.0

July,

32

27

344.0

855.0

56.0

August,

34

22

1,480.0

2,777·0

18:0

September,

29

21

131.0

1,863.0

17.0

October,

32

21

3,835.0

4,675.5

12.0

November,

21

12

8,275.0

3,585.5

50.85

December,

33

20

849-0

2,327.5

7.6

4.5

.8

·02

·7

1.2

- E 10 -

Total,

326

223

17,165.0

24,258.1

342.95

5,200.1

7.22

Total for 1916,

335

229

87,176.0

21,886.7

756.60

Table V.

Varieties of Certificated and Uncertificated Opium Imported and Exported during the year 1917.

E 11

CERTIFICATED.

UNCERTIFICATED.

Grand

Total.

chests.

Malwa. Patna. Benares. Persian. Total. Patna. Benares. Total. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests.

chests.

chests.

Stock on 1st January, 1917,

2163

386

143

24

769

86

122

208

977

Imported during the year 1917,

740

747

910

910

1,657

2161

393

143

764

1,5161

86

1,032

1,118

2,634

Exported during the year 1917,

81

103

40

745

969

(2) 500

500

1,469

135

290

103

19

547

86

532

618

1,165

Boiled by Government Monopoly during the year 1917,

71

281

352

352

Spurions Opium destroyed,

:..

:

:

14

(1) 14

...

:

14

Balance on the evening of the 31st De-

cember, 1917,

135

290

103

5331

15

251

266

7991/

}

(1) 13 chests spurious opium destroyed and 1 chest found to contain stones and iron. (2) For Macao Opium Farmer.

Table VI.

Places of Destination of Opium Exported during the year 1917.

By Steamers to China :-

Canton,

Shanghai,

Swatow,

Total for Chinese Ports,

By Steamers to Non-Chinese Ports :-

Tamsui,

Macao,

Total for Non-Chinese Ports,

Total for Chinese Ports,

Malwa. Patna. Benares. Persian. Total.

Total

+

in lb.

chests.

chests. chests. chests.

chests.

lb.

72

722

2253

:

36

81

33

186

5,571

27,816

2

266

81

103

40

:

224

33,653

745

745

102,065

300

500

80,000

500

745

1,245

182,065

81

103

40

224

33,653

81

103

540

745

1,469

215,718

545 (1)

5 (2)

87,885

Grand Total,

Through cargo reported but not landed,....

(1) 503 chests of uncertificated Benares ea: S.S. "Jinsen Maru" from Calcutta to Kobe.

40

"Asaki Maru

"}

,-

#

**

""

2

";

""

"

(2)

* Hitachi Maru" from London to Kobe. 5 chests of Persian ex S.S. “ Katori Maru" from London to Osaka.

- E 12 -

Tamsui,..

Canton,

Shanghai,

Swatow,

'

?

,

Table VI,-Continued.

Destination of Raw Opium other than uncertificated Bengal Opium exported during the year 1917.

*

Malwa. Patna. Benares. Persian, Turkish. Chinese.

Total.

chests.

chests. chests. chests. chests. chests.

chests.

745

22

7

72

81

33

2

:

Total......

81

103

40

745

745

36

...

186

2

969

-E 13

E 14

Table VII.

Imports and Exports of Raw Opium during the year 1917, Exclusive of Uncertificated Bengal Opium.

Malwa. Patna. Benares. Persian. Turkish. Chinese. Total.

chests. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests.

Imports,

Exports,

7

740

...

81

103

40

745

Imports and Exports of Uncertificated Bengal Opium

during the year 1917.

Imports,

Exports,

Patna. chests.

747

969

·

Benares. chests.

Total.

chests.

910

910

500

500

410 chests for Hongkong Government Monopoly. 500 chests for Macao Opium Farmer.

Ports of Origin of Raw Opium (all kinds) imported during 1917.

Malwa. Patna. Benares. Persian. Turkish Chinese. Total.

chests. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests.

chests.

Shanghai,

Calcutta,

Singapore,

Bushire,

Bombay.........

Total,......

:

:

-

860

50

55

40

695

:

:

7

860

55

40

695

910

740

1,657

--

E 15

Table VIII.

Imports and Exports of Sugar.

Return of Sugar imported into the Colony of Hongkong by vessels. of different nationalities during the years 1916 and 1917:-

1916.

1917.

Tons.

Tons.

British Steamers,

121,455

92,200

Chinese

1,279

2,832

""

Dutch

115,173

107,499

>>

French

29

1,046

98

Japanese

60,381.

98,801

وو

Norwegian

4,490

7,546

""

Portuguese American

6,354

3,346

18

5,352

Total,

310,196

317,674

Table IX.

Tobacco Ordinance, No. 10 of 1916.

The gross amount of Revenue collected on Duties on Tobacco during 1917 was as follows:-

Manufacturers' Licences,

$ 1,008.00

Importers' Licences,

Retailers' Licences,.

Licensed Warehouse Licences,

Duties on Tobacco,....

Total,

732.00

8,372.00

3,200.00

496,104.66

$ 509,416.66

The Refund of Duties on Tobacco in the year 1917 amounted to $9,544.95. The total net Revenue collected from Tobacco Duties during the year 1917 was therefore $499,871.71.

Table X.

Duty Paid Tobacco Manufactured Locally for the year 1917.

CIGARS.

CIGARETTES.

Chinese

MONTH.

$1.50

70 c.

30 c.

20 ".

10 6.

70.c.

30 c.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

20 e.

per lb.

10 c.

per lb.

Tobacco

10 c.

per lb.

Amount

of

Duty

Collected.

1917.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

Ib.

ib.

lb.

lb.

lb.

January..

125

106

1,319

2.481

2,644

5,150

34,238

5.928

February,

9,377

60.412

23.4 8.50

226

153

1,363

1.645

2.380

3,550

26.800

10,416

March,

6,547

55,267

19.968.91

166

45

1,518

1,863

4,390

3,000

37.337

11,429

9.897

70,109

April,

25,378.08

233

147

1,233

1,618

2,993

2,039

30,813

14.607

8,385

63.913

22,277.22

May,

241

132

1,285

2,045

2,397

2.635

33,863

17,904

9,828

68,737

24,928.63

June,

151

88

1,374

1,609

1,845

1.778

29,108

10,081

July,

9.252 69,650

21,090.29

138

97

1,127

1,331

1,990

3,065

28,331

14,620

10,242 82.485

23.919.23

August,

120

182

1.121

1,664

2,866

4,563

32,531

16,652

10.008

68,753

25,422 69

September,.

141

71

1,368

1,379

1,860

4.375

32.217

19.084

8.098

68.276

25,316.91

October,.

70

128

1,015

1,706

1.567

4.813

35,756

20.626

8,725

71,841

27,273 86

November,

187

232

1,837

1,636

2,394

4.512

31.887

22,938

7,708

66,083

26,251.70

December.

559

258

2,138

2,424

2,418

3,750

31,575

21.995

6,908

65,416

26,116.71

Total,...

2,357

1,639

16,698

21,401 29,744

43,280

384,486

186,280 104,975

810,942

291,402.73

Note.-Fractions of a pound are not shown in this table.

·E 16 -

Table XI.

Return of Duty Paid Imported Tobacco for the

CIGARETTES.

year 1917.

CIGARS.

TOBACCO.

Chinese

Tobacco

Amount

MONTH.

Tobacco

Leaf.

$1.50

70 e.

30 c.

20 c.

10 c.

70 c.

30 c.

20 0.

10 c.

70 c.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

30 c.

per lb.

per lb.

20 c.

10 c.

10 c.

10 c.

Snuff

$1.50

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

of

Duty

Collected.

-E 17-

1917.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

January.

334

23

420

121

February,

416

128

539

113

March,

2,516

443

1,501

348

April,

1,161

159

367

203

May,

1,140

113

783

110

June,

778

71

862

203

160

July,

1,028

74

1,270

450

August,

1,094

78

.925

238

September,. 612

212

1,591

270

October,

810

138

962

378

༴ ; ;:;

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

C.

5,978

4,258

66,738

6,935

172

800

548

1,555

19,815

77

7,141

5,683

28,760

9,383

329

875

711

1,498

17,457

1,526

22,816.82

17,006,58

6,823

11,715

49,022

11,926

386

1,513

1,037

1,555

22,575

45

27,277.78

239

4,264

8,464

20,983

6,766

214

510

302

1,641

20,223

14,975.20

5,472

4,840

42,930

14,132

447

217

832

1,678

23,466

20,386.65

4,713

2,186

50,407

7,678

232

220

637

1,278

22,019

977

19,150,46

40

3,629

3,864

43,933

7.882

49

250

750

2,974

19,590

2,538

18,125.04

4,929

926

29,913

6,207

558

29

255

2,991

25,120

6,124

27

16,299.07

5,848

4,243

6,475

6,290

703

151.

123

320

21,717

4,152

12,075.65

5,763

3,150

12,645

6,975

454

7

518

2,754

24,660

4,524

13,498.36

November,

973

235 1,029

78

3,012

4,156

9,183

5,750

339

140

109

126

22,222

3,421

10,591.13

December, 1,390

102 2,269 473

59

4,624

2,733

9,114

6,798

674

235

250

651

16,893

6,205

12,467,19

Total, 12,252 1,776 12,518 2,980

959

62,196

56,218 370,103

96,722

4,557

4,947

6,077

19,021

255,757

29,512

44

204,669.93

Note:-

Tractions of a pound are not shown in this table.

.

Table XII.

Tobacco Local Factories for the year 1917.

Issued

for

Produced.

Exported.

Ships' Stores.

manu.

Class of Tobacco.

Removed

to other

Factories.

Consumed locally.

Remaining in Bond on 31st Dec., 1917.

facture.

lbs.

Mille.

lbs.

Mille.

lbs.

Mille. lbs.

lbs.

Mille.

lbs.

Mille.

lbs.

Cigars 1,

>>

2,

"

Total,

Cigarettes 1,

"

2,

3,

4,

Total,

1,046

876

1,053

891

ON

11,832

9,145

20

3,615

1,154

9,899

2,086

27,475

14,152

:

228

::

577,471

552,163

...

559,285

402,204

606,171

461,130

63,350

8,559

1,424,056

:

156

113

47

1,207

1,460

1,631

860

5,376

2,437

:

8,483

4,812

:

14,282

11,026

153,177

3,904

87,271

57,770

...

52,410

2,381

-Fractions of a pound are not shown in this table.

1,806,277

Note:-

*

307,140

75,081

- E 18 -

:

:

Table XII,- Continued.

Tobacco Local Factories for the year 1917,-- Continued.

Issued

Class of Tobacco.

for

manu-

facture.

Produced.

Exported.

Ships' Stores.

kemoved

to other

Factories.

Remaining in

Consumed locall

Bond on 31st

Dec.. 1917.

lbs.

Mille.

lbs.

Mille.

lbs.

Mille. lbs.

lbs.

Mille.

lbs.

Mille.

lbs.

Chinese Prepared Tobacco,

Total,

1,173,653

350,529

$,000

796,226

18,898

1,173,653

350.529

8,000

796,226

18,898

American and Manila Tobacco

Leaf,

5,954,888

47,105

American and Manila Tobacco Clean Leaf,

4,979,254

182

Total,

5,954,888

4,979,254

47,587

:

- E 19 -

20.746

7,218

578,296

101.166

27,964

679.462

Asiatic Tobacco Leaf,

1,808,129

286,760

Clean Leaf,

""

1,060,078

10,382

Total,

1,808,129

1,060,078

297,142

Note:-

-Fractions of a pound are not shown in this table.

}

CLASS OF TOBACCO.

ARRIVALS.

E 20

Table XI

TOBACCO RETURN FO.

General Tat

EXPORTED EX SHIP TO SHIP OR EX BOND.

SHIPS STORES.

Cases.

Pkgs.

Hhds. Bales.

Mille.

lbs.

Cases.

Pkges. Bales. Hhds.

Mille.

lbs.

Mille.

lbs.

Cigars 1,

1,137

2,.

158

99

3,..

998

2

381

14

5...

163

>>

107

39

1

50

30

161

18

"

Transhipment Cargoj

2,083

99

60

2,033

Total,

2,083

60

2,837

2,033

7

347

70

Cigarettes 1,

2.

"

"

3,

4.

Transhipment

Cargo...

6.845

338

Total,

6.845

338

(Non Chinese)

Prepared Tobacco 1,

:..

:

2,

3,

4,

19

"

Tran-

shipment Cargo,

541 2,576

Total,

541

2,576

Snuff,

Total,

134,218

152.870

601,914

97,474

:

986,476

:

:

6,410

338

6.410

338

22,290

7,502

27,451

24,262

486

2,576

81.505

486 2,576

8,508

8,508

:

89,155 79,220

1.262

496

401,223

2,093

37,515

275

607,113

4,126

:

:

:

:

:

7.704 940

1,347

196

20,207

699

2,374

1,595

31,225

3,837

5,359

5,359

American & Manila

Tobacco Leaf,

4,701

400

8.145,973

2.169,802

"

Tranship-

ment Cargo,

3,406

309 8,789

3,406

7,985

308

Total.

3,106

5,010

9,189

8,145,973

3,406

7.985

308

2,169,802

Asiatic Tobacco Leaf,

|3,620,319

Tranship-

"

ment Cargo,

709

16.823

709

16,823

Total,

709

16,823

3,620,319

709

16,823

Chinese Prepared To-

bacco,

2,813,473

$5.588 33,742

:

|1,553,003]

1,553,003

2,499.633

Total,

2,818,478 85,588

33,742

2,499,633

(1) Used for making Chinese Prepared Tobacco consumed in the New Territories.

A

Tranship-.

ment. Cargo.

85,633; 33,957

$5,633 33,957

:

:

:

:

E 20

Table XIII.

TOBACCO RETURN FOR THE YEAR 1917.

General Table.

REMAINING

IN GENERAL BOND

36

EXPORTED EX SHIP TO SHIP OR EX BOND,

SHIPS STORES.

REMOVED TO OTHER FACTORIES.

CONSUMED LOCALLY,

HOLT'S WHARF

WAREHOUSE.

HONGKONG & & GODOWN

Cases.

Pkges. Bales. Hhds.

Mille.

lbs.

Mille.

lbs.

flhds.

Bales.

lbs.

Mille.

lbs.

Cases.

Bales.

Cases.

Pal

107

39

8

1

50

30

164

18

2,033

2,033

7

347

:

70

:

89,155

1,262

79,220

496

401,223

2,093

37,515

275

6,410

338

6,410

338

607,113

4,126

7,704

1,347

940

196

20,207

699

2,374

1,595

486

2,576

486

2,576

31,225

:

3,837

:

:

:

:

:

3,406

7,985

308

3,406 7.985

308

709 16,823

5,359

5,359

:

798

132

862

217

145

2,154

22,218

36

19,452

145,670

38,833

100

35

226,173

:

:

2,169,802

3,828

400 | 5,954,888

4,557

4,947

6,077

19,021

400

35

34,602

44

14

10

1Q

:

...

:

:

50

1,808,129

(1) 29,512

2,169,802

3,828

400

5,954,888

1,553,003

709

16.823

1,553,003

85,588 33.712

85,588 33,742

e New Territories.

:

2,499,633

2,499,633

:

:

:

50

1.808,129

29,512

:

:

:

:

:

255,757

100

:

ΤΟ

100

70

22

255,757

3

نت

22

Note. Fractions of a pound or mille are not shown in this table,

Appendix F.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE ROYAL OBSERVATORY, HONGKONG, FOR THE YEAR 1917.

I.-GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS.

The grounds were kept in order by the Botanical Department with the assistance of the Observatory coolies.

II. METEOROLOGICAL INSTRUMENTS.

Kew Barograph.-With the new glass rod for the temperature compensation it was found that the instrument was under-corrected for temperature. The compensation was adjusted on 1918, January 16.

Beckley Anemograph.—This instrument was oiled once a month, and the orientation of the head checked occasionally.

Dines Anemograph.-The head was oiled once a month, and the spindle of the float cleaned and oiled once a week. The orientation of the head was checked monthly. On July 31 one-inch suction and pressure tubes were substituted for the original half-inch tubes, in order to obtain a more reliable record of gusts. The small bore cocks have not yet been changed.

The monthly results of comparisons with the records of the Beckley Anemograph since the installation of the Dines instru- ment, in April 1910, are given below:-

Month.

Factor (Dines Beckley).

3

1910. 1911. 1912. 1913. 1914. 1915. 1916. 1917.

January,.... February,

March,

April,

May,

2.23

June,

2.23

July,

2.14

August, ...

2'07

September, 218

2.31

October, 2°30

2:27

2'33 2.30 2.12 2.54 2'03 2:08 2'04 2°34 2.32 2.30 2.40 2°30 2*35 2.25 2.33 2:27

2°33 2:26 2.25 2.25 2:34 2.22 2*13 2'10 2:44 2:09

2.13 2.21 2:57 2:28 2:26 2.25

2.65

2.39

2.18 2'49 2.81 2'22 2.51 2.69

2:06 2.23 2'04

2'04 2:05 2.23 2036 1'97 2.22 2:26 193

2:26 2'02

2.33 2:05

2:05 2.80 2'02

2'07 2.88 2.19 2.21

193

2:07

2:08

2.23 2.10

2'00

November, 2.28 2.27 December, 2.23 2.31

2.47 2.71

2:08

2:08

2'04 1.67

2.24

2:54 2.07

2'07

2'IO 1.68

Year,.

2.21 2.29

2°42

2'39

2'22

2.II

2730 1'95

F 2

The small factors in November and December indicate that either the velocities recorded by the Beckley instrument are too great, or by the Dines instrument too small. The mean velocities for October, November, and December, as recorded by the Beckley Anemograph, were respectively 04, 0·6, and 0.5 m.p.h. below normal. This does not suggest that the instrument was recording relatively greater velocities in November and December than in October. Moreover, it is unlikely, for mechanical reasons. that after a great number of years the instrument should suddenly commence to record too great velocities. The other alternative is that the Dines instrument is recording too small velocities, but of this the condition of the instrument gives no indication. Had the change occurred in August it might have been attributed to the change in the pipes on July 31, but it will be seen that the mean factor for May to July was practically the same as for August to October.

Thermometers. – All thermometers in use were compared with the Kew Standard in winter and summer.

Thermograph.—The Richard dry and wet bulb thermograph, ordered to replace the old Kew photographic thermograph, was received on March 20, and set up in the thatched shelter the fol- lowing day. The recording cylinder is 5 inches in diameter, and turns once in 24 hours. The electrical time-break apparatus was completed on April 22. The pens are lifted from the paper, for the first three minutes of each hour, by a make-contact on one of the electric dials. The thermometers are aspirated from the 59th to the 60th minute of each hour by a fan, operated by a similar contact on another dial, air being drawn into the shelter through a 14-inch zinc pipe. Comparison between the eye observations of thermome- ters rotated in the open air and the records of the Richard thermo- graph indicate that the relation between the temperature in the shelter and in the open air is not constant. The precise nature of the variation has not yet been investigated.

Interesting records of the effect of the electric fan on the wet bulb thermometer are being classified under varying conditions of temperature, humidity, and wind.

III. METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS AT THE OBSERVATORY.

Continuous photographic records showing the variations of barometric pressure were obtained with the Kew barograph, and automatic records of the direction and velocity of the wind with a Beckley and a Dines-Baxendell anemograph, modified as described in the Report for 1912. The amount of rain is recorded automa- tically by à Beckley and a Nakamura pluviograph, the amount of sunshine by a Campbell-Stokes universal sunshine recorder, and the relative humidity of the air by a small Richard hair hygro- graph. Since March 21 automatic records of the temperature of the air and of evaporation have also been obtained with a Richard dry and wet bulb thermograph.

1

1

F 3

Eye observations of barometric pressure, temperature of the air and of evaporation, and the amount of cloud were made at each hour of Hongkong Standard time. The character and direction of motion of the clouds were observed every three hours. Daily readings were taken of self-registering maximum and minimum thermometers.

Principal Features of the Weather in 1917.--The principal features of the weather in 1917 were the heavy rains from July 10 to 29, when 30-06 inches fell, a general defect of wind velocity, and a typhoon which passed a few miles to the north of the Observatory on August 13.

Barometric pressure was considerably below normal in April and considerably above normal in January. The mean pressure for the year was 29845, as against 29ins 832 in 1916 and 29844 for the past 34 years. The highest pressure was 30ins. •494 on January 10, as against 30 332 in 1916 and 30 509 for the past 34 years. The lowest pressure was 29 078 on August 13, as against 29 304 in 1916 and 28-735 for the past 34 years.

ins.

ins.

The temperature of the air was considerably below normal in January and December, and moderately above normal in Septem- ber. The mean temperature for the year was 71°0, as against 71-8 in 1916 and 71°8 for the past 34 years. The highest tem- perature was 90°-8, on July 13, as against 92°-4 in 1916 and 970 for the past 34 years. The lowest temperature was 388, on January 9, as against 39°-3 in 1916 and 3200 for the past 34 years.

The wind velocity was below normal in each month of the year. It has been below normal every month since August 1911, except in July 1914 and February 1916. There has been a gradual increase however, relatively to the normal, since June. This may possibly indicate the end of the long negative wave. There is still considerable uncertainty as to whether this wave is a meteorological phenomenon or is due to a change in the anemo- graph factor. The mean velocity for the year was 11′2 m.p.h., as against 12.2 m.p.h. in 1916 and 128 for the past 34 years. The maximum velocity for one hour, as recorded by the Beckley Anemograph, was 63 miles, at 15 on August 13, as against 55 miles in 1916 and 108 miles for the past 34 years. The maximum squall velocity, as recorded by the Dines-Baxendell Anemograph, was at the rate of 93 m.p.h., at 1420 on August 13, as against 65 m.p.h. in 1916 and 105 m.p.h. for the past 7 years.

Rainfall at Four Stations. In the following table the monthly rainfall at the Observatory is compared with the fall at the Police Station, Taipo; the Botanical Gardens; and the Matilda Hospital, Mount Kellet :-

F 4

Botanical

Matilda

Months.

(Kowloon).

Observatory Police Station

(Taipo).

Gardens

Hospital

(Hongkong), (Hongkong).

inches.

inches.

inches.

inches.

January,

0'345

0'61

0*46

044

February,

0*405

0'95

0*49

0'91

March,

2.670

3:07

313

2.82

April,

5230

8.64

5'93

5*79

May,

9'685

12.52

9°31

9.60

June,

112540

19.36

10*17

12.79

July,

30.075

2517

32.66

25'98

August,

11'950

13°26

12'12

8:57

September,...

4'880

4.82

5'11

5°29

October,......

3'470

2.53

3.77

1*34

November,

+

0'095

0*12

Ο ΟΙ

December,

1140

2.16

1.24

I'12

Year,... 81.485

93'09

84'51

74-66

Floods. The heaviest rainfall occurred at the Observatory as follows:-

Period.

Amount. Duration.

Inches.

Hours.

May 15 21 July 14 20 July 23 6 August 12 10

to May

17d. 22h. July 17 4

6·015

29

13.910

24

**

37

July August 14 9

29 9

15.310

63

...

...

6.315

17

Drought.-A somewhat serious drought which commenced on November 1 and has lasted up to the date of this report, was broken by a fall of 1.14 inch of rain from December 134 1 to 15a 6h.

Typhoons. The centre of a typhoon passed a few miles to the north of the Observatory at about noon on August 13. The maximum hourly wind velocity recorded at the Observatory by the Beckley Anemograph was 63 miles at 15, and the greatest squall velocity (Dines-Baxendell Anemograph) was at the rate of 93 m.p.h. at 14 20. At Victoria Peak the Beckley Anemograph recorded 100 miles between 15 and 16th.

The tracks of 17 typhoons and 3 of the principal depressions which occurred in the Far East in 1917 are given in two plates in the Monthly Meteorological Bulletin for December 1917.

IV.--PUBLICATIONS.

Daily Weather Report and Map.-A weather map of the Far East and the Daily Weather Report, containing meteorological observations, usually at 6 and 14, from about 40 stations

F 5

in China, Indo-China, Japan, the Philippines, and Borneo, and daily weather forecasts for Hongkong to Gap Rock, the Formosa Channel, the south coast of China between Hongkong and Lam- mocks, and between Hongkong and Hainan, were issued as in former years. Copies of the map were exhibited on notice boards at the Hongkong Ferry Pier, the Blake Pier, and the Harbour Office. One copy was sent daily to the Director of the Meteorolo- gical Observatory, Macao. Forty copies of the Daily Weather Report were distributed to various offices, etc., in the Colony, and a copy was sent daily to the Director of the Meteorological Obser- vatory, Macao. Copies were sent every week to Lieutenant- Commander Pradiyat, Royal Siamese Navy.

A charge of $10 a year is made for supplying private firms and individuals with the Daily Weather Report, and $36 for the Weather Map. No map was published on July 14 and 15, August 4, 12, 13, and 14, and December 16, owing to the late arrival of the weather telegrams.

The weather forecast is telegraphed daily to the Cape d'Aguilar Wireless Station in time for distribution at I p.m.

Monthly Meteorological Bulletin.-The Monthly Meteorological Bulletin, which includes the Daily Weather Report, was published as usual, but distribution to the United Kingdom, Europe, and India was discontinued in October owing to the war.

Miscellaneous Returns.-A monthly abstract of observations made at the Observatory is published in the Government Gazette. and daily, monthly, and yearly results are published in the Blue Book in the form suggested by the London Meteorological Office for the British Colonies.

The monthly departure from normal of the barometric pres- sure at four China Coast Ports were communicated to the Com- monwealth Meteorologist, Melbourne, in connection with long range weather forecasts. Monthly meteorological returns are forwarded to Symons's Meteorological Magazine, and annual returns to the Stock Exchange Year Book and the Colonial Office List.

V. WEATHER TELEGRAMS, FORECASTS, AND STORM WARNINGS.

Daily Weather Telegrams.-Owing to the war, and the distur- bed state of China, the service of daily weather telegrams from the various reporting stations was erratic; particularly in the case of Central and Southern China, Indo-China, Japan, and Vladivostock.

Thanks to the Director of the Philippines Weather Bureau, who kindly made the necessary arrangements with the Philippines Naval Authorities, the 6 a.m. observations from Guam, in the Ladrone Islands, have been received regularly since May 16.

F 6-

Extra Weather Telegrams.-The following stations send extra weather telegrams at half-rates during typhoons, on receipt of certain code words from Hongkong-Amoy, Canton, Macao, Phulien, Sharp Peak, and Taihoku. The Director of the Philip- pines Weather Bureau also sends extra telegrams, at his discretion, from Aparri or some other station nearer the typhoon centre.

The extra 9 p.m. telegram usually received from Swatow during the typhoon season, was frequently lacking, owing probably to the disturbed condition of the country.

Wireless Weather Telegrams.-The development of this service has been impeded by the war. Wireless weather telegrams have been received from Japanese and Dutch ships, however, as follows:

Month.

Dutch.

Japanese.

January,

February,

I I

7

2

March,

April,.

May,

June,

July,

August,

6

9

I 2

3

2

+

3

KNM N

September,

October,..

9

November,.

+

ANNN NO

2

2

2

December,

7

6

Totals 1917,

93

37

Totals 1916,

95

60

Results of Weather Forecasts.-The results of the comparison of the daily weather forecasts with the weather subsequently experienced are given below, with the results of the previous tive

years :—

Year.

Total

Complete Partial Partial

Success. Success. Failure. Failure,

1912

1913

1914

1915

1916

1917

aque a aa alai

%

62

66

28

62

32

54

67

67

29

B D W W NW olo

34

37

29

en en te xm++

3

I

3

3

I

I

3

I

O

- F 7

Storm Warnings.-In view of the urgent need of an improved service of storm warnings, new Local and Non-Local Storm Signal Codes were introduced on July 1.

The Non-Local code supersedes the "China Coast" code and the "Hongkong Telegraphic Code". The signals are made by means of ten symbols representing the ten numerals. They are displayed at the yard arms of the Storm Signal mast on Signal Hill, Kowloon.

The following information is given

(a) Position of centre, in degrees of latitude and longi-

tude; by 4 symbols at one yard arm.

(b) Direction and velocity of motion, and the time; by

3 symbols at the other yard arm.

Monsoon Gales are signalled by 3 symbols at one yard arm. The top symbol indicates the region threatened, the middle symbol the direction from which the gale is expected, and the bottom symbol the time at which gale conditions were first indicated. Warnings in accordance with this code are telegraphed to the following Ports:--Sharp Peak and Santuao

Santuao (Foochow), Taihoku (Formosa), Swatow, Macao, Canton, Pakhoi, Hoihow, Phulien, Manila, Labuan, and Singapore.

The new Local code of Storm Signals is the complement of the Non-Local code. The latter gives the position of the typhoon and its direction and velocity of motion, while the former indicates the probable direction and force of the wind likely to be experien- ced at Hongkong.

To a certain extent Signal 1 of the new code corresponds to the red, and signals 2 to 5 to the black signals of the old code. Signal 7 is the same as the urgent signal of the old code, and Signal 6 is new.

There are four main signals

No. 1 A "Stand By" signal.

Nos. 2-5 A warning that a gale may be expected from

No. 6

No. 7

one of four directions.

A warning that the gale is expected to increase.

A warning that a gale of typhoon force may he

expected.

Distinctive day symbols are assigned to each of the four main signals; the four directions of signals 2 to 5 being represented respectively by a cone point upwards for North, a cone point downwards for South, a ball for East, and a drum for West.

The night signals, which consist of three vertical electric

lights, were designed on the following principles :-

(1) That red shall indicate the greatest danger and white the

least.

(2) That of the two upper lights white shall represent west

and green east.

L

1

J

~ F 8-

(3) That the top light shall indicate the first of two directions. (4) That where possible, i.e., in signals 2 and 3, for the bottom light, green shall represent North, and white South. Thus, signal 2 being NW to NE the top light is white, the middle green, and the bottom green. Signal 3 being SE to SW, the top light is green the middle white and the bottom white. Signal 4 being NE to SE the two top lights are green, leaving no choice for the bottom light, which must be white. This is no disadvantage, as the signal has both north and south components, and so the bottom light can have no directional significance. Similarly for Signal 5 (NW-SW), the top lights of which must be white. This leaves no choice for the bottom light, which must be green.

The introduction of a white light is necessary in order to provide distinctive signals for the four main signals.

The local day signals are displayed at the masthead_of_the Storm Signal mast, Kowloon, and are repeated at the Harbour Office, H.M.S. "Tamar", Green Island, the Godown Company, Kowloon, Lyemun, and Lai-Chi-Kok. The night signals are displayed on the tower of the Railway Station, Kowloon, and repeated at the Harbour Office and on H.M.S. Tamar,

The day signals, if necessary, are displayed simultaneously with the non-local signals, and both remain until an order to change or lower is received from the Observatory.

For the benefit of native craft and passing ocean vessels, a cone is exhibited at several outlying stations during the time that of the local signals are displayed in the Harbour, to indicate that there is a depression somewhere in the China Sea, and that a typhoon warning is displayed in the Harbour.

any

In the following table are given the number of hours the local signals were hoisted in each of the years 1912-1917 :--

Red Signals.

Year.

Black Siguals.

Bombs.*

Number of hours.

Number of times fired.

1912

151

164

1913

146

189

I

1914

146

178

1915

64

120

...

1916

70

201

I

1917

102

36

*Three bombs fired at intervals of 10 seconds in:licate that winds of typhoon force are anticipated.

.-

1

=

F 9

The figures in the above table include the number of hours that night signals, corresponding to the day signals, were hoisted.

Formerly the red signals indicated that the centre of the typhoon was believed to be more than 300 miles distant, and the black less than 300 miles, the returns for 1912-1916 are therefore not strictly comparable with those for 1917. The latter suggest however that the use of the new local storm warning code has already saved the Colony a considerable amount of money. The loss incurred by the disorganisation of the work in the harbour, consequent upon the display of black typhoon signals, is not easy to estimate. It probably amounts to many thousands of dollars a day, however.

VI.METEOROLOGICAL OBESERVATIONS FROM SHIPS, TREATY PORTS, &c.

Loys received. In addition to meteorological registers kept at about 40 stations in China, meteorological logs were received from 85 ships operating in the Far East. These logs, representing 3,767 days' observations, have been utilised for verifying typhoon tracks. The corresponding figures for the year 1916 were 158 and 7,456.

No progress has been made with the construction of Pilot Charts owing to the absence on leave of the First Assistant.

Comparison of Barometers.-During the year about 600 com- parisons of ships barometers have been made by means of obser- vations taken when in harbour, and several direct comparisons of barometers for shipmasters and various persons in the Colouy have been made at the Observatory.

On June 11. Mr. B. G. Tours, C.M.G., H.B.M. Consul at Ichang, brought an aneroid barometer to the Observatory to be tested. He had been making observations with it at altitudes of several thousand feet, while on a government mission through China. It was found that at a true pressure of 2352 the baro- meter read 01 37 too high, and at 2963 it read 0·61 too low. Mr. Tours was supplied with a table of corrections applicable tʊ the readings of his barometer over different portions of the scale,

VII-MAGNETIC OBSERVATIONS.

Absolute determinations of magnetic horizontal force and declination were made near the middle of each month with a Kew pattern magnetometer, Elliott No. 55, and of dip with a Kew pattern dip circle, Dover No. 71, four dip needles being used in rotation. A complete determination of horizontal force consists of one set of vibrations taken between two sets of deflections.

The mean values of the Magnetic clements for the years 1916 and 1917 were as follows:---

Declination (west) Dip (north)

Horizontal Force (C.G.S. unit) Vertical Force (C.G.S. unit)... Total Force (C.G.S. unit)

1916.

1917.

Q

о

1

}}

0 13 48 30 51

51

0 16 16

30 50 22

0.37155

0:37163

0'22205

0-22188

0-48284

0-43282

F 10

VIII. TIME SERVICE.

Time Ball.-The Time Ball on the Signal Hill, Kowloon, is dropped daily at 13". Hongkong Standard Time (51 a.m. of Green- wich Time). The ball is also dropped at any other hour in case of necessity. One application for a supplementary time signal was made in the year 1917.

The ball was dropped successfully 347 times. There were three failures:-On January 28th the trigger was found to be dis- placed and it was impossible to place the ball upon it before 13a. On April 15 the ball dropped at about 30 seconds before 13". owing to an electrical defect. On October 13 the ball failed for no ascertainable cause. There was no fault at 14 when the ball

fell correctiv.

The apparatus was under repair from June 16-29,

The hall fell with an error of 03, or less, on 327 occasions, and with an error of 04 or 05 on 11 occasions. Errors of 06 occurred three times, 0-9 twice, and 07. 08, 10, and 13 once each.

The probable error of the Time Ball was (01 less than in 1916, which was the best year on record up to that date. The monthly values for the past 5 years are given below:

Probable Error of Time Ball.

Month.

1913

1914

1915

1916

1917

January,

±0.20

±0.18

+0°17

February,

'21

IS

44

±0.15 *28

±0.17

10

March,

'54

21

[1

April,

*21

*22

38

*18

IS

May,

$25

.16

'10

•17

June,

*10

*16

15

'17

10

July,...

*17

•20

17

"IO

21

August,

15

21

15

10

II

September,

*10

14

13

II

10

October,

12

· 14

*10

*13

*10

November,

*17

*13

16

*13

10

December,

·26

*28

1+

11

•10

Means,

±0.20

±0.19 ±0.19 ±0.14

013

Transit Instrument.- Observations for time were made daily with the 3-inch transit instrument and the Hipp tape chronograph by the Chinese computers, weather permitting.

The number of observations in the years 1916 and 1917 were as follows:-

Transits.

Level determination,

-

Azimuth

Collimation

:

1916

1917.

1.778

1.924

890

952

34

40

F 11

Stars were observed on each night between September 4 and October 27, inclusive. This is apparently a record for Hongkong and reflects great credit on the observers. The period included several cloudy nights on which opportunities for observing might easily have been missed.

Transits of the sun were only observed when star transits were not available from the previous night.

The azimuth and collimation determinations were made by the Director and the Chief Assistant. The azimuth determinations.

depend usually on observations of the old south mark.

Clocks.The performance of the Standard Sidereal clock Dent No. 39741 has again been exceptionally good. Its rate varied from +0 04 on January 11 (Bar. 30ins 41, Temp. 54°1) to −0·58 on August 5 (Bar. 29ins59, Temp. 83°-6). The rate during cloudy periods was partly derived from the formula:-

r=r。 + 0·4 (Pc-p)−0·00392 (to-t).

where is the losing rate at pressure p, in inches, and tem- perature t, in degrees Fahrenheit, and the losing rate at pressure Po and temperature t。.

It was found however that the rate could not be accurately computed from this formula after rapid changes of temperature and pressure, and until the clock is properly mounted in an underground room there will always be considerable uncertainty at times as to its rate.

In the following table is given the excess of the observed over the inferred rate after cloudy periods in the year 1917:-

Date 1917.

Interval without

Excess of observed over

observations.

inferred error.

January 8 March

6 days

-0.91

3

4

+0:06

""

"

13

3

27

"

27

+

-0°19 +0.04

17

April

19

- O'10

22

26

+0.63

22

""

May

19

4

-014

""

27

3

+0°42

June

24

+0'10

22

July

24

3

+0.27

""

29

+0.94

November

I

+0.16

December I

-0.06

17

6

-0°12

:

F 12

The mean time clock, Dent No. 39740, which was fitted with an invar pendulum in 1915, has kept a fairly satisfactory rate throughout the year. A discussion of the monthly rates for 1916, using a barometer coefficient of 0·4, gave a temperature coefficient of 0·0421 decrease of losing rate for an increase of 1° (F) of temperature, and this is corroborated by the 1917 rates.

The Brock clock has been used throughout the year for drop- ping the Time Ball and for driving dials in various parts of the building. In spite of the invar pendulum fitted in 1914, the rate has been erratic at times, after keeping remarkably steady for several days. The clock is corrected daily by the electric regu- lating apparatus and its daily rate is usually kept below 05 by the addition or removal of weights to or from the pendulum.

Since 1916 March 23 an hourly time signal has been sent to the Water Police Station, the General Post Office, and the Cable Company's Office, along the lines used for the telephone or telegraph instruments, by means of apparatus designed by the Government Electrician. An electro-magnet receives a current every hour from the mean time clock and, by means of contacts on the armature, short-circuits these lines for about 0-8 second.

Batteries.-The necessary current for the time service, etc., has been satisfactorily supplied by the accumulator battery, charged as found necessary from the alternating mains of the China Light & Power Co. through a Nodon valve. The charge lasts from 4 to 7 days, according to the state of the atmosphere. A duplicate valve similar to that constructed by Messrs. Jeffries and Evans in 1915, was ordered from the Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Company and brought into use on April 17. The two valves have been used alternately since that date. Occasional troubles have been experienced owing to local impurities in the aluminium electrodes; but the experience of the past year tends to show that these valves have a very high degree of efficiency, if care is taken to keep the electrodes and connections of the valve clean and the precipitation removed about every two months. It also appears that the valves are not large enough. When charging a small battery at 2 ampères the efficiency was considerably higher than when charging the main battery, which requires 4 ampères.

Time Signals by Wireless Telegraphy.—The mast for the wireless time-signal installation was completed by the Taikoo Dock Company in October. It is a steel lattice mast 150 feet high, of triangular section. The installation was not completed by the end of the year, as the wire, etc., for the antennæ, which was ordered in May 1917 was not received till January 1918.

IX.

SPECIAL INVESTIGATIONS.

The Wind at Victoria Peak.-The tabulation of the anemo- graph records at Victoria Peak, Hongkong, is being continued. It is proposed to discuss the results for the years 1914-18 in conjunc- tion with those at the Observatory, Kowloon,

:

F 13

Sympiesometer Observations.—In order to test the popular belief in the sympiesometer as a weather forecaster, and to ascertain, if possible, what the instrument actually records, a simple form of the instrument was set up in the thermograph shelter and hourly readings taken from September 15, 1916, to September 30, 1917. The following characteristics were noted :--

(1) The height of the crystals in the liquid,

(2) Whether the surface of the crystals was flat and

undisturbed.

(3) Whether the upper portion of the crystals, when disturbed, was conical, or in horizontal, vertical, or inclined flakes.

(4) Whether the flakes were :—

(a) inclined at various angles,

(b) closely packed,

(c) well separated.

(5) The bearing from the centre of the glass tube of the highest point of the disturbed portion of the crystals.

The observations have not yet been discussed, but from a preliminary examination it would appear that :-

(a) the instrument gives a rough idea of the humidity of

the air, with a varying lag.

(b) it is useless for forecasting rain.

(e) the variations in the height and character of the

crystals diminish with age.

X.-MISCELLANEOUS,

In the month of May the question of a Daylight Saving Measure for Hongkong was referred by Government to the Director of the Observatory, who recommended the adoption of 135th meri- dian time, in place of 120th meridian time, provided the Chinese and Philippines Governments would make a similar change. A memorandum showing the advantages to be derived from such a measure was forwarded to the above Governments; but neither were able to accept the proposal.

year.

Staff. No change occurred in the European staff during the Mr. B. D. Evans, First Assisant, was seconded for Military Service. He left the Colony on February 10 and was posted to the 3rd Field Survey Company, Royal Engineers, on April 25.

The Director acted as a censor of cables throughout the year, and Mr. Jeffries, the Chief Assistant, from January 1 to March 11.

Lam Kai-tseung, 5th Grade Computer, was promoted to the 4th Grade on May 4. Leung Sui-sang, 5th Grade Computer, was promoted to 4th Grade Clerk in the Public Works Department on April 16. In consequence, Chan Iu-fong, 6th Grade Telegra-

F 14

phist, was promoted to 5th Grade Computer, and Cheng Wa-so was appointed 6th Grade Telegraphist.

Expenditure. The annual expenditure on the Observatory for the past ten years is as follows:

-:

Year.

Total Expenditure.

Increase.

Decrease.

..

C.

C.

1908

21,110.61

1,000.08

1909

22,388.63

1,278.02

1910

21,787.55

601.08

1911

23,353.02

1,565.47

1912

22,595.08

757.94

1913

24,255.49

1,660.41

1914

25,398.31

1,142.82

1915

23,233.12

2,165.19

1916

21,977.78

1,255-34

1917

26,890.50

4.912.72

Acknowledgments.-Acknowledgments are here made to the -Directors of Weather Services in the Far East, and the Chinese Maritime Customs authorities, for daily observations, and extra observations during typhoon weather; to the Telegraph Companies for transmitting the observations free of charge; to the commau- ders of vessels who have furnished meteorological observations by post and by wireless, telegraphy, and to the Observatory staff for the manner in which they have carried out their respective duties.

1918, February 22.

T. F. CLAXTON,

Director.

!

Appendix G.

REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR OF THE SUPREME

COURT FOR THE YEAR 1917.

1.-ORIGINAL JURISDICTION.

One hundred and seventy-six (176) actions were instituted in this division of the Court during the year 1917, as against 215 in 1916. Eighty-two (82) were disposed of during the year, 36 being settled or withdrawn before trial, as against 106 and 40 respectively in 1916. Of the 19 cases which had been set down for trial, three were disposed of during the year and one action engaged the attention of the Puisne Judge throughout the year and remained uncompleted.

No injunction was granted during the year.

The amounts involved were $741,535.99, Taels 4,500, and £1,077. 11s. 8d. against $1,400,712, and £1,405. 16s. 6d. in 1916. The debts and damages recovered amount to $155,663.87 as against $873,626.50 in 1916.

The fees collected amounted to $8,841,50 as against $11,625.45 in 1916.

Tables setting out in detail the figures contained in this and the following paragraphs are printed at pages (0 1), (0 2), (Y 2), and Y 3) of the Blue Book for the year 1917.

year.

1A.-IN PRIZE.

Ten actions were instituted under the above head during the Six were in connection with the seizure in the harbour of

the following steam-launches :-

"Brema", "Lloyd","Blackhead",

and "Pioneer",

"Nord", "Hapag",

and four were in connection with cargo consigned to alien enemy firms on board the following vessels :---

"Kleist", "Prinz Waldemar", "Yorck", "Gottingen ".

No ship was condemned during the year but sundry applica- tions in Prize were dealt with.

2. SUMMARY JURISDICTION.

One thousand five hundred and eighty-one (1,581) actions were instituted during the year as against 1,698 in 1916. The cases were disposed of as follows :-Settled or withdrawn 676, Indgment for the Plaintiff 591, Judgment for the Defendant 23, Non-suited 2, Struck off, Dismissed, or Lapsed 29, and Pending 260, as against 791, 549, 33, 12, 28, and 284 respectively in 1916.

G 2

The claims amounted to $288,833.27 and Rs 892- as. against $303,924.31 in 1916, and the amounts recovered were $122,765.59 and Rs 800/- as against $99,705.64 and £58 in 1916.

The fees: collected amounted to $6,127.58 as against $6,102.40 in 1916.

The number of Rent Distress Warrants issued was 589 repre- senting unpaid rents amounting to $49,533.91, of which $15,365.96 was recovered, as against 659, $47,536.21 and $18,747.13 respective- ly in 1916.

Four hundred and five (405) Warrants were withdrawn on settlement between the parties as against 484 in 1916.

The fees collected amounted to $3,292.75 as against $3,415.75

in 1916.

3.- CRIMINAL JURISDICTION.

There were 74 cases and 106 persons committed for trial at the Criminal Sessions, as against 68 and 94 respectively in 1916.

The number of persons actually indicted was 105, of whom 85 were convicted and 20 were acquitted. Against 1 person the case was abandoned. In 1916 the figures were respectively 87. 65, 20, and 7.

4.-APPELLATE JURISDICTION.

No appeal was lodged during the year.

One appeal from a decision in Chambers of the Puisne Judge was heard and allowed.

No leave to appeal to the Privy Council was granted during the year.

Information has been received that the appeal to the Privy Council in the case of Tong Shun . Fung Ping Shan was allowed.

5.-ADMIRALTY JURISDICTION.

No action was instituted during the year. Of the 3 pending cases 2 were settled.

The fees collected amounted to $219.50 as against $305.35 in 1916.

6.-BANKRUPTCY JURISDICTION.

Thirteen (13) petitions were filed, 7 being creditors' petitions and 6 debtors' petitions. The figures for 1916 were respectively 21, 16, and 5.

The number of Receiving Orders made was 3, being 5 on creditors' petitions and 4 on debtors' petitions. The figures for 1916 were respectively 16, 12, and 4.

The number of Public Examinations held was 2, the same figure as in 1916.

L

G 3

There were 8 Adjudications as against 11 in 1916. No Scheme of Arrangement was put through either in 1916 or 1917. Two (2) cases were withdrawn and 1 proceeding was annulled.

The estimated assets, in cases where Receiving Orders were made and not subsequently rescinded, was $60,865 and the estimated liabilities $130,707 as against $123,797 and $437,247 respectively in 1916.

The fees collected amounted to $1,094 as against $3,273 in 1916 and the Official Receiver's Commission as Trustee, where no Trustee had been appointed by the Creditors, to $1,694.32 as against $8,586.53 in 1916.

7.- PROBATE AND ADMINISTRATION.

Two hundred and eight (208) grants were made by the Court being :-

Probate

97

Letters of Administration

111

Affidavit to lead to payment of Estate Duty...

Nil.

208

The figures in 1916 were respectively 108, 111, 1, and 220.

The aggregate value of the estates was $9,260,000 as against $4,075,500 in 1916.

Probate and Estate Duties amounted to $532,522.20, Court Fees to $12,440.40, and Official Administrator's Commission to $4,968.10. The figures in 1916 were respectively $195,351.40, $11,211.70, and $2,015.82.

There were 62 Estates vested in or administered by the Official Administrator during the year, representing an aggregate value of $65,251.49. The figures for 1916 were respectively 70 and $47,312.97.

Fifteen (15) Estates were wound up during the year, of the total value of $41,928.01 as against 12 in 1916 of the total value of $9,700.03.

8.- OFFICIAL TRUSTS.

The number of Trust Estates in the hands of the Official Trustees at the end of 1917 was 23, with Trust Funds amounting to $65,251.49, as against 21 Estates aggregating $75,568.69 plus certain house property, in 1916. Four (4) Estates were wound up during the year.

The amount of Commission collected was $264.32 as against $113.29 in 1916.

G 4

9.-REGISTRAR OF COMPANIES.

Two (2) "China" companies were transferred to the Com- panies Register at Shanghai. One (1) company was transferred from Shanghai to the Companies Register at Hongkong.

On the 31st December there were 234 companies on the Hongkong Register, of which 5 were in course of liquidation. During the year 21 new companies were put on the Register and 6 struck off.

وحة

The fees collected in respect of "China" companies amounted to $49,198.27 and those in respect of other companies to $6,220.70. Three (3) firms were registered under the Chinese Limited Partnership Ordinance 1911 and one (1) company was registered under Part VIII of the Companies Ordinance 1911.

10. FEES AND COMMISSION.

The total sum collected during the year by way of fees and commission amounted to $48,334.81 as against $56,719.68 in the previous year.

11. STAFF.

Sir William Rees-Davies, Chief Justice, proceeded to Wei- haiwei during the Court Vacation on 7th September and returned on the 30th September.

Mr. C. A. D. Melbourne, Deputy Registrar and Appraiser, acted as Second Police Magistrate from 1st January to 23rd May.

Mr. E. V. Carpmael, Acting Deputy Registrar and Accountant, was transferred to the Sanitary Department as Head of that De- partment on 23rd May.

Mr. A. B. Suffiad, Clerk of Court and Clerk to Chief Justice, went on leave of absence on 20th July and returned on 1st September.

Mr. A. J. Mackie, Assistant Interpreter, proceeded on 10 months' half pay leave to Australia on 7th June, and Mr. Fung Hon Assistant Interpreter, was transferred to the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs on 21st June. Mr. Ng Chak-wing, Interpreter in the Magistracy, and Mr. Tang Tat-hung, 2nd Interpreter in the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs, were appointed to act as Assistant Interpreters.

Mr. E. L. Stainfield, Clerk in the Post Office, was appointed Clerk and Usher on 1st July vice Mr. T. F. O'Sullivan promoted · to Second Bailiff.

Mr. J. M. P. da Silva, First Grade Clerk of the Court and Puisne Judge's Clerk, retired on pension as from the end of the

year.

HUGH A. NISBET.

Registrar.

28th February, 1918.

Table showing total number of Cases dealt with in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the Supreme Court.

Year.

Total

number of cases dealt

with.

(From 1908 to 1917.)

Expenditure.

Total. Increase. Decrease. Total.

Revenue.

Increase. Decrease.

Precentage of Revenue to Expenditure.

#

C.

se

1908,

1,014

87,270.40 17,677.65

..

46,592.80

e

C.

ር.

%

9,563.98

53.38

1909.

1,030 89,209.17

1,938.77

45,861.55

731.25

51.40

1910,

1,259

91,789.15

2,579.98

65,527.80 19,666.25

71.38

1911,

1,963

86,702.10

5,087.05 *48,342.49

17,185.31

55.75

1912,

1,263

88,346.36 1,644.26

1913,

898

1914,

1,091

98,351.02 10,004.66 107,780.92

9,429.90

*60,544.30 12,20181 *63,303.78 *73,422.69 10,118.91

68.53

2,759.48

64.36

68.12

1915,

832 110,667.68 2,886.76

*63,382.63

10,040.06

57.27

1916,

753 105,252.44

1917,

5,415.24 *56,719.68 5,589.56 *48,334.81

6,662.95

53.88

8,384.81

48.48

G 5-

764 99,662.88

* Not including amounts paid direct to Treasury for Fees in respect of Licences to keep Local Registers issued by the Registrar of Companies under the Companies Ordinance, 1911.

Appendix H.

REPORT OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATES COURTS FOR THE YEAR 1917.

Mr. Hazeland went on vacation leave from 1st January to 1st February.

Mr. Wood acted as First Magistrate from 1st January.

Mr. Melbourne acted as Second Magistrate from 1st January, 1917, to 22nd May, 1917.

Mr. Hazeland retired on pension on 1st February.

Mr. North acted as First Clerk and Magistrate from 1st January, 1917, to 23rd March, 1917.

Mr. Woodcock returned from leave and resumed duty as First Clerk and Magistrate from 24th March, 1917.

Mr. Orme acted as Second Magistrate from 23rd May, 1917, to 11th June, 1917.

Mr. Dyer-Ball acted as Second Magistrate from 12th June, 1917.

Mr. Wolfe was appointed First Magistrate and Coroner in succession to Mr. Hazeland and acted as Colonial Treasurer from 1st February, 1917.

Mr. Wong King-chi resigned and Mr. Li Luk was appointed in his place on 15th April, 1917.

Mr. Ng Chak-wing was transferred to the Supreme Court on 14th August, 1917.

Mr. Lau Wing-sham was appointed Interpreter in place of Mr. Ng Chak-wing on 23rd November, 1917.

Office Coolie Wong Yim resigned and Leung Chun was appoint- ed in his place on 1st June, 1917.

The number of cases was 11,922 as compared with 15,057 in 1916 and the Revenue was $75,391.17 as compared with $109,064.82 in 1916.

..

1st May, 1918.

J. R. WOOD.

Police Magistrate.

Table showing total Number of Cases tried in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the Magistracy for the years 1908 to 1917.

Expenditure.

Revenue.

Year.

Total. Increase. Decrease. Total.

Increase. Decrease.

Total

Number

of Cases

tried.

Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

ይ.

C.

$

€9

S

c. $

C.

%

1908,

46,018.18

5,562.66

68,696.43

1,563.17

10,555

66.98

1909,

40,119.69

5,898.49 | 69,986.42

1,289.99

10,771

57.32

1910,.

38,428.03

1,691.66

75,970.76

5,984.34

11,688

50.58

1911,.

43,298.26 4,870.23

52,464,87

23,505.89

10,471

82.53

1912,

41,590.98

1,707.28 | 99,253.10 | 46,788.23

13,450

41.90

1913,.

42,867.21* 1,276.23

158,451,56 | 59,198.46

13,954

27.05

1914,

42,807.15*

60.06 92,109.34*|

66,342.22

11,034

46.47

1915,

44,041.33* 1,234.18

75,130.13*

16,979.21

12,263

58.62

1916,

40,642.43*

3,398.90 109,664.82* 34,534.69

15,057

37.06

1917,

38,510.07*

2,132.3675,391.17*|

34,273.65

11,922

51.08

* Tai Po District not included.

H 2 -

Appendix I.

REPORT OF THE LAND OFFICER FOR THE YEAR 1917.

1.-REGISTRATION.

During the year two thousand eight hundred and twenty-four (2,824) Deeds and Documents were registered under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1844 affecting four thousand one hundred and seventy-seven (4,177) lots of land. The total money consideration on sales, mortgages, surrenders, and miscellaneous documents amounted to $42,666,837 particulars of which are shown in Table I. The total number of documents registered in the Land Office under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1844 up to the end of 1917 was 64,317. The number of Deeds registered each year for the last ten years is shown in Table III.

2. GRANTS OF LAND.

The total area of land sold and granted on lease during the year was 143 acres 3 roods 1 poles of which 122 acres 1 rood 21¦¦ poles was in respect of lands dealt with by the District Land Offices. The total area resumed was 91 acres 0 rood 7% poles being an excess of 52 acres 2 roods 3317 poles of land granted over land resumed during the year. This is exclusive of quarries and lands let on short temporary permits by the Public Works Department. Particulars of the grants are shown on page W 1 of the Blue Book for 1917.

3. GRANTS OF LEASES.

The number of Crown Leases granted during the year was 135 particulars of which are specified in Table II. The number of Crown Leases issued each year for the last ten years is shown in Table III.

4.-FEES.

The total amount of fees collected by stamps, exclusive of the New Territories, during the year amounted to $51,047.75 being $1,649.50 more than the previous year. The amount of land regis- tration fees in the New Territories amounted to $3,150.80.

The amounts of fees collected under the different headings for the years 1908 to 1917 are shown in Table IV.

5.-CROWN RENT ROLL.

The total Crown Rent due in respect of leased lands in Hong- kong and Kowloon (excluding certain Villages in Hongkong and Kowloon entered in the Village Rent Roll) amounted for the year ending 25th December to $426,127.27, an increase of $15,791.33 on the previous year, which was due mainly to increased rents for quarries. The total amount due in respect of leased lands in the Villages in Hongkong and Kowloon appearing in the Village Rent

I 2

Roll for the year ending 30th September was $3,516.25, a decrease of $18.35 on the previous year. The total number of lots of Crown Land appearing in the Rent Rolls with the total Rents is shown in Table V.

G.--SCAVENGING LANES,

Areas for Scavenging Lanes were in the case of twelve properties either resumed by the Crown for money payments or dedicated by the Crown Lessees as Scavenging Lanes in consideration of their being granted by the Building Authority modifications or exemptions from certain provisions of the Public Health and Buildings Ordi- nance, 1903, and the necessary documents were completed and registered.

7.--NOISY AND ÖFFENSIVE TRADES.

Ten licences were granted to Crown Lessees under the provisions of the Crown Leases to carry on offensive trades on their premises in cases where such licences were recommended by the Sanitary Board.

8.-BUILDING Covenants.

In twenty-three cases applications were made by Crown Lessees for an extension of time in which to comply with the building covenant in their Crown Leases or grants. The applications were granted on payment of penalties and the agreements completed and registered.

9.-MISCELLANEOUS DOCUMENTS,

In addition to the above one hundred and twenty-two Crown Leases and one hundred and thirty-eight miscellaneous documents were drawn and completed, the latter including agreements to secure Government Contracts and Purchase Deeds on the resumption of properties by the Crown.

10.-STAMP DUTY.

The amount of Stamp Duty paid on registered documents exclusive of Probates and Letters of Administration amounted to $106,269.55. The amount of Stamp Duty on Probates and Letters of Administration registered amounted to $440,775,05.

11.--STAFF.

Mr. F. Birley Johnson arrived in the Colony on the 4th July to take up the appointment of Assistant Land Officer which had been vacant since May, 1916. There have been no changes in the Sub- ordinate Staff.

7th May, 1918.

PHILIP JACKS,

Land Officer.

I 3

___

Table I

Particulars of Deeds and Documents registered in the Land Office.

No. of Lots

Description of Documents.

Number Registered.

or portions of Lots affected.

Total Considera-

tion.

t.

Assignments,

969

1,221

17,232,662.53

Mortgages and Transfers

of Mortgages,

839

1,236

13,827,785.30

Reassignments and Satis-

factions,

700

1,022

11,358,686.41

Surrenders,.

50

79

210,493.62

Judgments and Orders of

Courts,

3333

105

13,650.00

Probates and Letters of

Administration,

80

249

Miscellaneous Documents,...

153

265

23,558.70

Total,

2,824

4,177

42,666,836.56

Table II.

Crown Leases granted during the year 1917.

Kowloon.

New

Kowloon.

New Territories.

Hongkong.

33

6

3

9

10

135

Total.

I 4

Table III.

Number of Deeds registered and Crown Leases issued during the years from 1908 to 1917.

Year.

Deeds Registered.

Crown Leases Issued.

1908

1,522

73

1909

1,544

44

1910

1,706

180

1911

2,142

99

1912

2,353

57

1913

2,814

118

1914

2,433

66

1915

2,154

166

1916

2,670

118

1917

2,824

135

Table IV.

Fees Collected during the ten years from 1908 to 1917.

Registration Searches and

Grants

Year.

of Deeds.

Copies of Documents.

of Leases.

Total.

$

C.

$

C.

C.

$

C.

1908,

23,178.00

1,920.50

1,970.00

27,068.50

1909,

22,325.00

2,268.75

1,270.00

25,863.75

1910,

27.798.00

2,722.25

5,305.00

35,825,25

1911,

33,871.00

2,827.20

2,925.00

39,623.20

1912,

37,528.00

2,805.75

1,820,00

42,153.75

1913,

45,018,00

3,530.50

3,670,00

52,218.50

1914,

38,362.00

3.200.25

2,450,00

44,012,25

1915,

32,305.00

2,719.00

5,455,00

40,479,00

1916,

42,070.00

3,368,25

3,960,00

49,398.25

1917,

43.478.00

3,199.75

4,870.00

51,047.75

– I 5

Table V.

Crown Rent Roll.

Locality and Description.

No. of Lots.

Total Crown Rent.

C.

Victoria Marine Lot,

Praya Reclamation Marine Lot,

Victoria Inland Lot,

318

67,192.18

96

11,735.58

1,805

156,643.06

Quarry Bay Marine Lot,

2

18,334.00

""

Inland Lot,

11

3,278.00

Farm Lot,

44

2,578.92

Garden Lot,

43

1,107.00

E

Rural Building Lot,

117

10,917.84

Aberdeen Marine Lot,

5

579.16

Inland Lot,

61

2,098.16

>>

Aplichow Marine Lot,

20

150.56

Inland Lot,

22

172.64

>*

Shankiwan Marine Lot,.

10

1,928.00

Stanley Inland Lot,

Inland Lot,

Kowloon Marine Lot,

"

Inland Lot,..

Farm Lot.

Garden Lot,....

Hung Hom Marine Lot,

59

Inland Lot,...

Shek O Inland Lot,

Tai Tam Inland Lot,

141

2,454.40

4.00

57

41,280.13

857

53,109.93

522

141.99

4.00

Tong Po Inland Lot,.

Quarries,

New Kowloon Marine Lot,

Inland Lot,

Farm Lot,

2

6,140.00

194

6,388.50

2

5.00

1

1.00

1

1.00

17

22,342.22

5

7,368.00

125

4,225.00

23

Rural Building Lot,

Tai Po Inland Lot,

Fan Ling Lot,...

Sheung Shui Lot,

Sai Kung Marine Lot,

**

Inland Lot,

Ping Chan Farm Lot, Mining Lot,..............

1,080.00

38.00 344,00

1,192.00

8.00

1

1

500.00

225.00

2,560.00

Total,

3,987 426,127.27

>

I 6

Village Rent Roll.

Locality and Description.

No. of

Lots.

Total Crown Rent.

1

C.

Wongneichung,

Aberdeen,

128

224.50

24

84.50

Pokfulam,

24

28.25

Tai Hang,

161

641.50

Ah Kung Ngam,

27

20.25

Shaukiwan,

54

42.00

Tai Kok Tsui,

10

16.00

Mong Kok,

45

98.50

Hok Un, Tokwawan,. Shek Shan,. Sun Shan,

Mataukok,

Mati,

Ho Mun Tin,

Ma Tau Chung, Ma Tau Wei,

95

277.50

187

328.00

31

69.00

18

59.50

31

44.50

5.50

17.50

57

127.50

126

220.50

Kau Pui Shek,

31

112.00

Hau Pui Loong,

15

53.50

Tung Lo Wan,

5

23.00

Wong Tsuk Hang,

2

34.50

Tai Hang Stream,

18

77.00

Little Hongkong,

2

3.00

Tong Po,

2

3.50

Stanley,

11

21.00

Tytam,

1

3.50

Tytam Tuk,

3

2.50

Wong Ma Kok,

I

2.00

Chai Wan,

7

15.00

Shek O,

8

23.00

Hok Tsui,

1.50

Chung Hom Bay,

1

3.00

Chinese Joss House Bowen Road, Victoria,

3.00

Aplichau,

68

287.00

Tsat Tsz Mui,

35

99.00

Kowloon Tong,

46

112.00

Deep Water Bay,

Telegraph Bay, Hung Hom West, Little Hongkong,

2

2.00

13

2

1,591

43.50

6.00 280.75

Total,...

2,892

3,516.25

.

:

:

:

Appendix J.

REPORT ON THE NEW TERRITORIES FOR

THE YEAR 1917.

A. NORTHERN DISTRICT.

I.--STAFF.

Mr. Ross had charge of this office until April 15th, Mr. Ball from then to May 22nd, and I then took charge for the rest of the year. I was appointed to the substantive post as from February 1st. Mr. Chambers, Land Bailiff, returned from leave on January 13th. Mr. Chu Tak-hing, 4th Grade Clerk, was transferred to this office in place of Mr. Shin Chung-sang, transferred to the Public Works Department, on April 26th.

II. MAGISTRACY. (a.) Police Court.

Table A attached shows the figures for 1917, compared with the average for the preceding five years. The cases in this court continue to decrease, and of the crimes committed about half are by persons coming from outside the Territory.

(.) Small Debts Court.

Money being scarce, there was more business in this court than in previous years, and debts proved more than usually difficult to collect, particularly among the Punti population.

III-LAND OFFICE.

The amount of business in this office was less than in the preceding year, which had been exceedingly active, and no very large sales of land were carried out.

The arrangements for the sale of two large areas of marshland along the creeks in the west of the Territory were nearly completed at the end of the year; by means of these, over 2,000 acres of swamp will be brought into cultivation.

IV. REVENUE.

The revenue collected in this office was $117,095.84 which is an increase on all previous years, except 1916. Besides this the following amounts were paid by the Territory through other offices:-

Liquor Duties, Saikung, Harbour Dues, Saikung,

..$2,351.04 3.030.00

**

22

No. 3 Launch.

No. 4 No. 2

**

*

Crown Rent paid in Land Office,

Royalties on Minerals...

Mining and Prospecting Licences,

7,062.15

*

3,170.10

...

2,794.25 4,104.00

399.77

...

1,500.00

Tobacco, (Duty charged from July 1917),... 2,553.52

Tobacco, (Manufacturing Licences),.......

168.00

Total,... $27,132.83

J 2

The total amount of revenue received from the Territory was therefore $144,228.67.

In the collection of revenue there was less trouble than ever, and, for the first time during our occupation of the Territory, the Crown Rent was paid without the issue of a single warrant.

V. GENERAL.

The population of the Territory is almost wholly agricultural, and the chief events in their history are the two rice crops. Last year they were as poor a couple of crops as have been seen for many years, and the effects of this were reflected throughout the District. At the same time the price of rice at the end of the fell to $2.80 a picul, as against a usual price of $4.00 or more. Added to this, fewer emigrants were returning from foreign coun- tries and the usual accession of wealth through that source was much diminished.

year

At the same time the improved communications bring other means of money-making, and there is everywhere a gradual increase in comfort and improvement in the standard of living. The Hakkas continue to improve their position at the expense of the Punti population.

Every year is marked unfortunately by an increasing influx of unattached and often undesirable characters from Chinese Territory, mostly Hakkas from the Wai Chau and Hing Ning District. It is impossible to keep track of the movements of these persons, and many of them are tempted by their opportunity of acquiring unlawful gains by means of robbery, kidnapping, white pigeon', and kindred offences. It is hoped that these undesirable additions to the population will be considerably curtailed before long.

The general development of the resources of the Territory made some progress in 1917. The leadmines at Ling Ma Hang were worked energetically until the winter when the water-supply proved insufficient for the working of the engine, and the work temporarily ceased. Soon afterwards wolfram mines were opened at various points between Shing Mun and the Kowloon Reservoir, and at the end of the year about 200 coolies were at work.

The new market at Un Long proved its utility and incidentally took much of the life out of the old market, where several bank- ruptcies had to be registered.

Tai Po market displayed a good deal of vitality during the year, and there was a considerable demand for building lots, conse- quent on the commencement of an approach road from the Station towards the main road.

G. N. ORME,

District Officer.

March 9th, 1918.

"

J 3

Table A.

POLICE COURT.

1917.

Average from 1912-16.

Cases heard, ...

227

279

Persons brought before the

362

486

Police Magistrate,

Persons convicted & punished, 223

325

Persons bound over,

68

56

Persons discharged,

Persons committed,

Persons imprisoned,

Fines inflicted,

57

110

:

4

2

88

87

$1,347.20

$1,888

Warrants executed,

32

42

Cases heard,...

Writs of execution

SMALL DEBTS COURT.

:

159

124

119

56

Heading.

Permits, etc.

No. of Sales,

No. of Lots.

Table B.

Area.

CA

Increase of Annual Rent.

Decrease of Annual Rent.

Amount of Premia, Fees,

etc.

Amount paid for Resump-

tion of Land.

Term of Years.

C.

j

Sales of Land for Agriculture,.....

77

1

1,153,257 s. ft.

82,764

53.46

Brick-kiln and Yard,

>>

20,780

}

3.80

3,905,53

2.00

75

1.50

156.00

75

12812

A

Building,

162

150,969

263.50

3,434.00

Cemetery,

1

12,632

.30:

32.00

71

>5

Drying Ground,

1

1,742

.20

18.00

>>

"

Fish-pond,

1

18,295

1.30

Garden,...

203

103,557

A

""

15

>>

""

"

Grave,

House-yard, Lime-kiln,

Orchard,

19,500

6.10

23.00

138.00

665.00

""

""

195.00

99

4,725

.40

36.00

>>

"1

750

1.00

8.00

""

>>

13

Conversions,

Oyster-bod,

Threshing Floor,

131,226

253,955

3.10

192.00

"

17.50

21

3,964

.70

52.00

75

15

Permits to occupy Land for Agriculture.

96

208

12

16

2,116

1,283,632,,

514,008

2.94

20.50

"1

133.68

31,23

}}

17

Building, etc., 10

10

23,119

45.12

ག ཌམ 1: -

?

— J 4 —

Heading.

No. of Sales,

Permits, etc.

No. of Lots.

Table B,--Continued.

Area.

Increase of Annual Rent.

Exchanges,

Stone Quarry Leases,.

Re-entries,

I

240

14,860 s. ft.

3,310,560

760,910

""

Surrenders,..

10

141,184

Resumptions,

171

316,579

Stone Quarry Permits,

106

Permits to cut Earth, etc.,

103

Water Wheel Licences,

Matshed Permits,

92

61,419,,

Ferry Licences,

5

Forestry Licences,

451

28,984.23 ac.

Pineapple Land Leases,

21

16.10

""

Grave Certificates,

181

Deeds Registered,

2,902

Stamps for Registration of Deeds,

O

Decrease of Annual Rent.

3

Amount of Premia, Fees, etc.

Amount paid for Resump- tion of Land.

Term of Years.

Ce

C.

433.45

ee

7.1.05

9.16

13.14

1,489.40;

148.00

130.00

5.00

132.50

9.00

3,116.63

46.68

89.00

1,701.60

75

1

- J 5 –

J 6

Table C.

Revenue, 1917.

$ ('. ...80.832.76

Average of Revenue from 1912-1916.

$ c. 79,788.93

Crown Rent,

Kerosene Oil Licences, Distillery Licences,

Chinese Wine and Spirits, Pawnbroker's Licences,... Money Changer's Licences, Forestry Licences, Permits to cut earth,

...

330.00

284.60

...

2,691.25

2,666.15

...

4,181.25

3,840.40

1.200.00

...

1,600.00

700.00

486.00

...

3,116.63 130.00

3,191.10

116.80

Fines,

Forfeitures,

1,347.25

1.787.50

141.53

152.52

Distress Warrants,

Grave Certificates,

Matshed Permits,

*

50.00

46.00

89.00

94.85

132.50

75.70

Permits to occupy land,.

422.51

་ ་ ་

379.00

Sun-prints,

Stone Quarry Permits, Stone Quarry Leases,

Certified Extracts,

Pine-apple Licences,

Water Wheels Licences,..

Ferry Licences,

Premia on land sales,

148.00

138.08

433.45

684.33

91.00

107.40

80.00

92.00

46.68

40.36

...

5.00

9.20

9.00

12.20

8,386.71

19,624.05

House Rent, (Clerks),

...

523.33

401.10

Liquor Duties,.......

...10,004.39

5.453.82

Distress Warrants, (Crown Rent),...

Nil

44.00

Arrears of Revenue,

Forfeitures, (sales of land)

Reward Fund, (Opium).......

Nil

17.19

40.00

53.06

60.00

220.00

Arms Fine Fund,

-

...

202.00

Nil

Stamps for Deeds,

1,701.60

1,709.58

Total,.....$117,095.84 Total....$124,115.92

J 7

Table D.

Revenue collected from 1908-1917.

1908...

1909...

1910...

...

:

1911...

1912...

1913...

1914...

...

1915...

:

...

1916...

1917...

$93,001.17

97,962.21

...

101,032.40

102,960.60

...

106,607.67

:

:

:

:.

111,301.72

108,455.14

112.075.71

174,153.77*

117,095.84

* One large lot at Ping Shan sold for $48,60 ›.

!

Rainfall at Tai Po Station,

1917.

J S

Table E.

Average of rainfall from

1912-1916.

Inches.

Inches.

January,

*61

January,

1.97

J

February,

March,

April,

May,

June,

July,

August,...

September,

October,...

November,

:

:

.95

February,.......

2.65

3:07

March,

1.77

8.64

April,

4.20

:

:

12.52

May,...

11.43

19:36

June,

... 20:38

25.17

July,...

20.81

13.26

August,

14.79

4.82

September,

11-27

:

2:53

October,

2.61

·00

November,

8:40

December,

2.16

December,

3.91

Total Rainfall. ...... 93′09

Total Average,......102.19

:

J 9

B.-SOUTHERN DISTRICT.

I.---STAFF.

Mr. A. D. Ball acted as Assistant District Officer until April 16th on which date I relieved him and acted until the end of the

year.

Mr. McLennan acted as Land Bailiff until 14th February, 1917, when he left on 9 months leave, which was subsequently extended on medical grounds. On 25th July, 1917, Mr. Blaikley, (Private, 25th Middlesex Regiment), was seconded to act temporarily and he continued so to do until the end of the year.

II.

-

MAGISTRACY.

The Assistant District Officer sitting as Police Magistrate heard during the year 133 cases affecting 218 persons.

162 persons were convicted or bound over and 21 were discharged.

The following table gives a comparison with 1915 and 1916 :-

1915.

1916.

1917.

No. of cases,

127

129

133

No. of persons affected,

211

188

218

No. of persons convicted or

bound over,...,

163

...

142

162

No. of persons discharged,.......

35

25

21

12

17

30

Fines (excluding Opium and

No. of persons imprisoned,...

in 1917 Arins Fines), $2,569.45 $1,163.52 $605.02

Arms Fines,...

Opium Fines paid to Govern-

ment Reward Fund,

Forfeitures,...

$93.86

$305.00 $35.00 $1,399.79 $121.42 $218.94 $131.75

III.-SMALL DEBTS COURT.

78 cases were instituted 110 in 1916 and 98 in 1915. District daring the year.

during the year as compared with Courts were held as usual in the

IV. LAND OFFICE.

The number of sales of land and other transactions affecting land which took place during 1917 are set forth in Table A.

1,487 deeds were registered during the year as compared with 1,342 in 1916. This is again the highest number on record. Re- gistration fees for 1917 were $1,868.40 as compared with $1,519.50 in 1916.

The only noticeable land transaction during the year was the sale of some 12,600 square feet at Ping Chau.

Applications for land on the Lantao plateau for monastic pur- poses continued to be made during 1917.

There is no probability of any other development there.

- J 10

V.-REVENUE,

The total revenue collected by the Assistant District Officer is shown in Table B. The figures show an increase of $8,000 odd, but this is accounted for by three items, two at least of which must be regarded as extraordinary. The Special War Rate shows $4,000 odd for the last half-year. It had not been imposed previously. Miscellaneous Receipts show an increase of $5,000 odd, due to the sale (for $5,265) of certain old cannon which had previously remained neglected in the district. In this connection it may be noted that any specimens of interest were retained, and that six guns were selected for mounting upon the wall of the old Yâmen--the present Police Station-at Tung Chung, Lantao Island. The Opium Fines show an increase of $1,400 odd which represents a fine inflicted in one case,

Registration fees are now included again in the revenue.

Table gives details of revenue collected in licence fees by the Police in 1916 and 1917.

Table D shows the Revenue collected in 1916 and 1917 in the District by all Departments other than the District Office, and in- cludes the totals of Table C.

Table E shows comparatively the total revenue collected from the Southern District by all Departments during the last three years.

VI.-LIQUOR.

Liquor duties were collected in the Southern District during 1917 amounting to $197,148.94. The total for 1916 was $204,482.75.

The chief sources of this Revenue are given in the following table which shows comparatively the totals of the last three years :-

District.

No. of Dis- tilleries in 1917.

Revenue

1915.

Revenue Revenue

1916.

1917.

Tsun Wan, Kwai Chung,

Rest of mainland

(including Kow-

loon City and

Sham Shui Po),

Cheung Chau,..........

Tai 0,

11

2

44,244 28,957

$ 70,323

S

64,576

40,355 41,627

3 ཀ ལ

47,267

70,809 66,002

5

15,363

20.347

22.055

2

1.252

2,201

2.128

A considerable quantity of this liquor is exported for Hong- kong consumption.

- J 11

VII. OPIUM.

7,214 taels of prepared Bengal opium, 12 taels of dross opium, and 5,991 taels of Persian opium were sold during the year, as compared with 5,347 taels of prepared Bengal opium, 16 taels of dross opium, and 4,551 taels of Persian opium in 1916.

VIII-GENERAL.

Crops. Both crops of padi were very fair--an improvement on last year was noticeable everywhere. The pineapple season at Tsun Wan however was distinctly poor. The price averaged $2.00 per picul.

Trade.--Trade seems to have maintained the 1916 standard except at Tai O where a poor fishing season caused a corresponding slackness in business.

Tai 0.-The general improvement here is maintained in spite of the failure of the Wong Fa and Pak Fa fisheries. The con- struction of a market and the installation of an electric plant are in hand and will undoubtedly prove a boon to the place. The salt- pans again increased their out-put by 250 tons this year as against an increase of 109 last year. Apart from two armed robberies in the Tung Chung District there has been very little crime this year.

Cheung Chau, (Dumb-bell Island).-The health of the island has been excellent this year. There is a tendency among Hong- kong residents to use the island as a week-end resort.

A more convenient ferry-service however will have to be supplied before much can be expected of this development. Owing to the increas- ed price of coal and other material the Distilleries, although main- taining their level of business, did not experience a very profitable

year.

Tsun Wan.-One Nut Oil Factory was opened during the month of October with an average monthly out-put of 280 piculs. The pineapple season was poor. A considerable number of lots were resumed, from Sham Shui Po to Muk Min Ha, for the new coastal road—which will shortly be ready for wheeled traffic. The country-folk as a rule showed appreciation of the benefits which the road will bestow on the district. The negotiations were there- fore much facilitated. I anticipate a large amount of development

in the near future.

A new Lime Kiln was opened on Tsing I island in October,

4th April, 1918.

E. W. HAMILTON, Assistant District Officer,

Southern District.

Heading.

Table A.

No. of

Amount

Increase

Decrease

Amount

Sales,

No.

Área

of

of

of

Permits, of Licences, Lots.

&c.

10

Crown

Crown

Premia,

Acres.

Rent.

Rent.

Fees, &c.

paid for

Resump-

tion of

Land.

Term

of

years.

ጋር

75

75

રાગ ગા

Land Sales, Building, (New Kowloon),

Agricultural, (New Kowloon),

"

Building, (Islands),

Agricultural, (Islands),

,,

Threshing Floor, (Islands),

Permit to occupy Land for Building, (New Kowloon),.

Matshed Permits,

611

Earth Permits,

82

Water Wheel Licences,.

38

Grave Certificates,.

13

Forestry Licences,.

109

[17,012-46

Pineapple Land Leases,

429

350.00

Stone Quarry Leases,

=སྐྱུ⌘མ་

*02

4.00

2

*17

13.70

1:31

106.50

·31

1.00

2

*04

.20

81.20

361.00

687.00

69.00

16.00

930.07

776.25

114.00

2.00

4.75

1,706.19

1,050.74

4

263.66

943.50

Deeds Registered,

1,487

:

1,868.40

Conversions from Agricultural to Building Land,

15

15

1.12

144.28

1,033.10

Resumption,

442

20.10 |

453.36

29,676.52

Surrender,

6

*25

1.31

Re-entry,

24

1·71

19.81

- J 12 -

J 13

Table B.

Revenue collected by the Assistant District Officer, Southern District,

New Territories.

1916.

1917.

$ c.

C.

Land Sales,

Crown Rent,

:

2,721.95

2,251.60

:

29,510.79

27,275.86

Assessed Taxes,

Lease of Stone Quarries,

Forestry Licences,...

8,969.18 9,386.99

600.00

943.50

1,793.29

1,706.19

Earth Permits,

126.00

114.00

Matshed Permits,

818.01

776.25

Permit to occupy Land,

1,015.51

930.07

Pineapple Licences,

1,246.65

1,050.74

Registration Fees,...

1,549.50

1,868.40

Distress Warrants, (Crown Rent),

53.00

61.00

Distress Warrants, (Small Debts),

22.00

16.00

Writs of Summons,

132.00

101.00

Fines, (Police Court),

1,098.52

605.02

Forfeitures,

218.94

178.57

Certified Extracts,...

21.00

37.00

Grave Certificates,...

6.50

4.75

Miscellaneous Receipts,

141.62

5,270.60

Interest, ...

5.08

38.62

Legal Costs,

7.00

15.00

Sunprint Plans,

120.00

85.00

Boundary Stones,

13.20

328.80

i

Water Wheel Licences,...

38.00

2.00

Reward Fund, (Opium Fines),

35.00

1,399.79

Arms Fine Fund, ...

165.00

93.86

Building Plans,

3.00

1.00

Special War Rates,

3,939.42

Total,...

$50,460.74 $58,481.03

Table C.

Licence Fees collected by the Police Department,

Money

Station.

Distilleries.

Wine and

Spirit.

Eating

Pawn

Kerosine.

Dogs.

Chan-

Total.

House.

Brokers.

gers.

C.

$

C.

1916

800.00

Kowloon City,

2,450.00

57

1917

800.00

3,150.00

64

1916

800.00

Sham Shui Pc

4,800.00

41

1917

800.00

4,400.00

47

1916

75.00

643.75

54

Tai O,

1917

50.00

700.00

58

1916

124.50

875.00

76

Cheung Chau,

1917

137.00

1,075.00

86

1916

569.00

450.00

20

Tsun Wan,

1917

605.50

450.00

20

1916

50.00

43.75

Po Toi,

1917

25.00

25.00

Yung Shu Wan,

1916

50.00

Lamma Island, -

1917

87.50

Lai Chi Kok,

ƒ 1916

1917

1916

Total,

1917

चित

25 25 40 35

|

10

ဂျာ

C.

273

3,000

6,605.00

279

1,500

5,818.00

399

2,000

8,080.00

477

2,000

7,759.00

400

70

400

50

800

40

800

40

10

10

889999

1,242.75

1,258.00

1,915.50

2,138.00

1,049.00

1,085.50

93.75

50.00

50.00

87.50

10.00

$

$2,418.50

9,312.50 2,417.50 9,887.50

248

275

60

==

75

672

6,200

120

19,046.00

756

4,700

100 18,196.00

J 14-

{

J 15

Table D.

Revenue collected through Other Departments from the

New Territories, Southern District.

Treasury, (Premium paid in connection with Kowloon Bay Reclamation Scheme), Treasury, (Crown Rent for Inland Lots).... Treasury, (Quarries in New Kowloon), Harbour Office, (Harbour Dues, Stake Nets,

&c.),

Police, (Licence Fees),

75,000.00 11,863.31

1916.

1917.

$ C.

$

13,141.23

9,794.73

9,269.62

26,517.80

24,783.25

19,046.00* 18,196.00*

Imports and Exports Office, (Liquor Duties), 204,482.75 197,148.94

Total,

Table E.

$346,704.59 $262,539.04

Total Revenue collected from Southern District, New Territories,

during the last three years.

1915.

19.16.

$

$

C.

47,691.00

48,911.24†

1917.

$

C.

68,481.03

By Assistant District Office,... By Other Departments,·

206,056.38§ 346,704.59§ 262,539.04§

Total,

$253,747.38 395,615.83 331,020.07

* See Table C.

Excluding Registration Fees.

$ See Table D.

Appendix K.

REPORT OF THE CAPTAIN SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE FOR THE YEAR 1917.

The total of all cases reported to the Police during the year 1917 was 9,508 as against 11,319 in 1916, being a decrease of 1,811 or 16 per cent. The average for the last five years is 10,223.

In the division of these cases into serious and minor offences. there appears a decrease, as compared with 1916, of 93 cases or 2·64 per cent. in the former and of 1,718 cases or 22:03 per cent. in the latter.

The increase and decrease as compared with 1916 in Serious Offences are shown as follows:-

Decrease.

Murder,...

Kidnapping and Protection of Women and

Children,

Unlawful Possession,

Larceny,

Other Felonies,

{

15

91

11

-122

Increase.

Robbery,

Burglary and Larceny from dwelling,

21

29

93

Assault with intent to rob,.........

Nett decrease,

2. Table I shows the number and character of the Serious and Minor Offences reported to the Police during 1916 and 1917 and the number of persons convicted and discharged in connection with these offences.

MURDER.

3. Eleven murders were reported to the Police during the year as against 12 in 1916.

In connection with 4 of these reports, no arrest was made, and in the remaining 7 cases, arrests were made. There were 3 cases in which convictions were obtained (4 persons all of whom were convicted). In 4 cases there was no conviction (6 persons).

MANSLAUGHTER,

4. Seven cases of manslaughter were reported to the Police during the year as against 9 in 1916.

In all of these cases, arrests were made. There was one case in which conviction was obtained (3 persons all of whom were convicted). In 6 cases there was no conviction (8 persons).

K 2

M

GANG ROBBERY,

5. Thirty-five gang robberies were reported to the Police during the year as against 47 in 1916.

In 25 cases no arrest was made; in the remaining 10 cases arrests were made. There were 9 cases in which convictions were obtained (30 persons of whom 23 were convicted and 7 discharged). In one case there was no conviction (3 persons).

STREET AND HIGHWAY ROBBERY.

6. Twenty-five street and highway robberies were reported to the Police during the year as against 16 in 1916.

In 20 cases no arrest was made; in the remaining 5 cases arrests were made. In all of these 5 cases convictions were obtained 7 persons of whom 6 were convicted and one discharged).

!

ROBBERY ON Boats and JUNKS.

7. Ten cases of robbery on boats and junks were reported to the Police during the year as against 2 in 1916.

In 8 cases no arrest was made; in the remaining two cases arrests were made. In all of these two cases convictions were obtained (5 persons of whom 4 were convicted and one discharged).

OTHER FELONIES,

8. Under this heading are comprised the following:--

Arson and attempted arson,

Cutting and Wounding,...

Demanding money with menaces,... Embezzlement,

Forgery,

House-breaking,

Throwing corrosive fluid,

Receiving stolen property,

Child-stealing,...

1917. 1916.

(6

21 21

9

#

38

31

16

25

51

72

1

1

54

52

10

Seditious publication,

Administering poison with intent to do

grievous bodily harm,

Abominable Offences,

Accessory after the fact of kidnapping and

Robbery,

Shooting with intent to kill,

Possession of explosive substance,...

Administering poison to procure abortion, Rape,...

Attempting to shoot with intent to prevent

lawful apprehension,

Possession of dies for coining,

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

207 216

}

K 3

The number of cases in which convictions were obtained was 82 as against 80 in 1916.

GAMBLING.

9. One hundred and twenty-one Gambling Warrants were executed as against 164 in 1916. There were 7 cases in which no conviction was obtained.

Three were lottery cases, compared with 9 in 1916.

PROPERTY REPORTED STOLEN AND PROPERTY RECOVERED.

10. The estimated value of property stolen during the year was $288,722.19 as against $266,581.70 in 1916. an increase of $22,140.49. (The value of property stolen in larcenies by bailee during the year 1917 amounts to $65,691.55 which are included in the above figures.)

The average for the last five years is $243,768,53, a decrease on the average report in 1916 of $36,950.92.

The value of property recovered and restored to owners was $41,167.85 as against $30,428.17 in 1916, an increase over pro- perty recovered in the previous year of $10,739.68.

LOST PROPERTY.

11. The following is a return showing property lost or re- covered :----

Articles Year. reported

Value lost.

lost.

Articles recovered and articles found which were not reported løst.

Value

found.

1917

303

$24,994.17

1916

298

$31,573.04

99

84117.48

135

$2,467.70

THE PIRACY ORDINANCE.

12. Number of searchers employed under the Prevention of Piracy Ordinance, 1914:-

European Lance Sergeant,...

European Acting Lance Sergeants,

Chinese Staff of Searchers,...

Female Searchers,

Female Searcher, (privately paid),

One

Three

Thirty

Two

One

The European Lance Sergeant and the three Acting Lance Sergeants assist in the examination of passengers leaving the Colony under the Travellers Restriction Ordinance, 1915.

Number of Steamer Guards employed up to December 31st,

1917-

European Acting Lance Sergeant in charge,...

Steamer Guards,

Steam Launch Guards,

I

218

36

K4

Number of steamers entered into bond up to the 31st Decem-

ber, 1917:

Steamers,

Steam Launches,

13.-WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

Weights and Measures examined. Correct. Incorrect.

Total.

Foreign Scales,

Chinese Scales,

Yard Measures,

Chek Measures,

Toral,...

165

30

666

1

667

2.577

125

2.702

470

470

1.431

1,431

5,144

126

5,270

The following prosecutions were instituted under the Weights and Measures Ordinance

Number of Cases.

91

Convictions.

91

Fines.

$801

DANGEROUS GOODS ORDINANCE.

14. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Dan- gerous Goods Ordinance :-

Number of Cases.

Convictions.

Fines.

15

15

$310

FOOD AND DRUGS ORDINANCE,

15. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Food and Drugs Ordinance :-

Number of Cases.

}

Convictions.

Fines.

1

$25

1

1

K 5

Samples purchased and sent to the Government Analyst:

Brandy. Rum. Whisky.

Ale.

Port. Sherry.

Gin.

8

3

6

2

2

All the above samples were certified to be genuine with the exception of two samples of whisky purchased from the Sun Co. and Sincere Co., these two samples being deficient in the amount of higher alcohols. The two firms were prosecuted and fined $20 each.

One sample of whisky purchased from the Nam Hing Lung was found deficient in the amount of higher alcohols. The firm was prosecuted and fined $25.

TRAFFIC REGULATIONS,

16. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Traffic Regulations, (Notification No. 359 in the Gazette of the 6th December, 1912), since repealed by Notification No. 141 of the 7th April, 1916:---

Prosecu- Convic-

tions.

Withdrawn. Discharged. Remanded, Result.

tions.

2.512

2.411

46

54

1

$8,081.50

MENDICANTS.

17. Forty beggars were dealt with by the Magistrate, and three who were sick were sent to the Tung Wah Hospital. 377 were sent to Canton as follows:-

Once,

Twice,.........

Thrice,

Four times,...

Six times,

How often sent away.

Canton.

328

...

37

6

5

1

Total,

377

K 6

DEAD BODIES.

18. Table II shows the number of unknown dead bodies found by the Police in the streets and elsewhere during the year.

DEPORTEES AND VAGRANTS.

19. 751 persons were banished from Hongkong.

845 persons deported from Singapore were sent on by the

Police.

5 persons deported from British North Borneo were sent

on by the Police.

236 vagrants were received from Singapore and sent on

by the Police.

447 vagrants were received from Dutch East Indies and

sent on by the Police.

815 vagrants were received from Saigon and sent on by

the Police.

74 coolies were received from Singapore and sent ou by

the Police.

229 coolies were received from Mesopotamia and were sent

on by the Police.

LICENCES.

20. The following licences were issued during 1917 :-

1,150 Hongkong Jinrickshas.

430 Kowloon Jinrickshas.

809 Hongkong Chairs.

60 Hill District Chairs.

25,766 Drivers and Bearers.

1,266 Truck Licences.

6 Private Vehicles. 58 Motor Cars (Livery). 54 Motor Cars (Private).

160 Motor Car Drivers. 118 Motor Cycle Licences. 147 Motor Cycle Drivers.

2 Auctioneers.

5 Licences to store Acetone.

5 Billiard Tables or Bowling Alleys.

1 Brewery.

18 Licences to store Calcium Carbide.

3 Licences to store Chlorate Mixture.

3 Licences to store Chlorate of Potassium and other

Chlorate.

8 Licences to store Compressed Oxygen.

69 Licences to store Detonators.

8 Licences to store Dissolved Acetylene.

K 7

10 Distillery Licences (Old Territories).

26 Distillery Licences (New Territories).

68 Licences to store Dynamite.

57 Licences to store Ether and Alcoholic Liquids. 160 Licences to shoot and take game.

12 Licences to store Gunpowder.

12 Licences to store Kerosine Oil (in Godown).

1252 Licences to store Kerosine Oil (Ordinary).

82 Licences to store Kerosine Oil (New Territories). 31 Marine Stores.

223 Money Changers.

21 Licences to store Naphtha and Benzine.

30 Licences to store Naphtha and Benzine (in Garage).

2 Licences to store Nitrobenzine or Oil of Mirbane. 93 Pawnbrokers.

6 Licences to store Petroleum in bulk.

2 Licences to store Petroleum in fuel.

3 Licences to store Phosphorus.

6 Licences to store Rockets.

24 Poison (Wholesale).

268 Spirit (Chinese, Old Territories).

96 Spirit (Chinese, New Territories).

39 Licences to store Sulphuric Acid and Nitric Acid. 9,641 Hawkers.

DOGS ORDINANCE.

21. 2,165 dogs were licensed during 1917.

3 watch dogs were licensed free of charge.

121 stray dogs were impounded, 66 were sent to the Dogs'

Home and 55 were destroyed.

ARMS ORDIANANCE.

22. Two licences to import and deal in arms and one to deal in sporting arms and ammunition were issued during 1917. During the whole year a Proclamation has been in force prohibiting the export of warlike stores from the Colony. The following arms and ammunition were confiscated during the year, viz. :-

18 Winchester rifles, 4 rifles, 61 Mauser pistols. 7 automatic pistols, 103 revolvers, 4 muskets, 1,858 rounds of Winchester ammunition, 384 rounds of automatic pistol ammunition, 26,619 rounds of Mauser pistol ammunition, 11,652 rounds of revolver ammunition, and 100 detonators.

EDUCATION.

23. During the year 1 European and 92 Indians obtained certificates for knowledge of Chinese, 48 Indians obtained certifi- cates for English, and 3 Chinese obtained certificates for English,

K. 8

MUSKETRY.

24. The Europeans and Indians were put through the usual course of musketry and 11 Europeans and 70 Indians passed as qualified marksmen.

IDENTIFICATION BY FINGER IMPRESSIONS.

25. Eight hundred and forty-two persons were identified as having previous convictions against them, an increase of 194 as compared with 1916.

Sixty-two identifications were those of criminals who had returned from banishment.

CONDUCT.

26. The conduct of the European Contingent (average strength 160) were good. The total number of reports against them was 15 as against 22 in 1916. There was one report for being drunk or under the influence of drink as against 2 in 1916. One was re- ported for sleeping on duty as against 3, and 2 for neglect of duty as against none.

The conduct of the Indian Contingent (average strength 481) was good. There were 228 reports as against 276 for the preced- ing year. For drunkenness there were 5 as against 8, for disorderly conduct 29 as against 26, for neglect of duty 15 as against 8, for absence from duty 45 as against 60. for gossiping and idling on duty 35 as against 62, and for sleeping on duty 28 as against 20. 267 men had no report.

Five Indian Constables were convicted by the Police Magistrate (one dismissed from the Force): 2 for assault, 1 for importing wine into the Colony, 1 for larceny, and 1 for using threatening language.

The behaviour of the Chinese Contingent (average strength 408) was fair. There were altogether 1,073 reports as against 1,218 in 1916. There was one report for drunkenness as against one, 122 for sleeping on duty as against 138, 32 for disorderly conduct as against 23, and 499 for minor offences as against 598. 153 men had no report.

18 Chinese Constables were convicted by the Police Magistrate (7 dismissed from the Force): 6 for gambling, 3 for desertion. one for dilating his duty as a Chinese Constable by refusing to allow a man to make a lawful complaint, two for misconduct as a Police Constable, two for wilful neglect of duty by allowing a prisoner to escape, and 4 for assault.

The seamen, coxswains, engineers and stokers (average strength 180) had 165 reports as compared with 117 for last year. For drunkenness there was none as against one in 1916, and 144 for absence from station and late for duty as against 91 in the previous year. 99 men had no report recorded against them.

One seaman was convicted by the Assistant District Officer, Southern District, for attempting to obtain a bribe (dismissed from the Force).

J

www.

K 9

REWARDS.

27. Fourth Class medal was granted to an Indian Constable B 324 Labh Singh for pluck and zeal in grappling with an armed robber at Yaumati. Reward of $10 was given to an Indian Con- stable for the rescue of a Chinese woman from drowning. Rewards of $10 were given to two Chinese Constables for alertness and pluck in effecting the arrest of armed robbers.

28. Up to the end of the year sixty-one members of the Hongkong Police Force had enlisted for Active Service.

The following members of this Force were killed while on Active Service :-

----

P.C. A25 Herbert G. Wakeford, K.R.R., killed on 17.5.16.

1.7.16.

99

A52 Arthur Allchurch,

"

>>

A27 Ernest George Painting,

1.7.16.

A

""

"

A124 Ernest Frederick Drury,

A155 Robert Edwards,

A120 Edward Charles Sillas,

""

A81 John Delahuntey,

HEALTH.

A114 Peter Boyd Gardner,

A125 Harold Wilson,

A128 Ernest Bloor (prisoner of war).

R.F.C.

4.12.16.

27.7.16.

17.2.17.

30.4.17.

""

1.8.17.

9.10.17.

多多

29. Return of Police treated in Government Civil Hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever from the 1st January to 31st December 1917-

Old Territories.

New Territories.

Nationality.

Average Treated. Strength.

Average Treated. Strength.

Europeans,

Indians,

Chinese,

145

18

15

1

344

81

137

53

555

BB

33

3

Admissions to Hospital during the last three years were as

follows:

1915.

1916.

1917.

Nationality. Average Admis- Average Admis- Average

Strength. sions.

Strength. sions.

Strength.

Admis- sions.

Europeans....

176

75

165

55

160

63

Indians,.

482

173

463

368

481

360

Chinese,.

631

152

587

121

588

141

K 10

In addition to cases treated in Hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever, the cases treated for Fever in the various stations in the New Territories without being removed to Hospital were :—

Europeans 7, Indians 78, Chinese 9.

30. Inspector N. Lamont performed the duties of Assistant Superintendent in the New Territories during the absence of Mr. D. Burlingham, who has been seconded for Military Service since the 4th of March, 1917.

HONGKONG POLICE RESERVE.

31. During the year the Police Reserve continued to patrol the streets from 6 p.m. to 12 midnight, about 60 men doing duty every evening, each man doing 3 hours duty.

hours duty. Seven men received Commendation for zeal and activity or for other specially good work.

The Police Reserve Ordinance (No. 20 of 1917) was passed on 14th September altering the name of the Force from Special Police to Hongkong Police Reserve and giving certain disciplinary

powers.

13th March, 1918.

C. McI. MESSER, Captain Superintendent of Police.

Annexe A.

REPORT ON THE WATER POLICE.

1. The strength of the Water Police as it now stands is 1 Inspector, 7 Crown Sergeants, 8 Lance Sergeants, 5 European Constables, 21 Coxswains, 3 Boatswains, 75 Seamen, 22 Engineers, 19 Stokers, 2 Barrack Sergeants, 2 Station Sergeants, 6 Station Orderlies, 2 Carpenters, 2 Painters, 1 Sailmaker, 4 Signalmen, 4 Detectives, and 17 Boatmen, a total of 206 men.

2. The four large patrol launches have been thoroughly over- hauled during the year, besides being slipped quarterly, and minor repairs effected. They are all running now in good order, except No. 3 which launch is showing decided signs of wear and tear.

3. The harbour patrol launches Nos. 5 and 7 have run continually during the year, and have been thoroughly overhauled and are in a very satisfactory condition.

4. Having had the use of the Prize Launch "Hapag", it has practically enabled Nos. 6 and 8 to be laid up and has saved a considerable amount in repairs as these launches required a lot of keeping up. The German launch "Hapag" is a valuable launch

K 11

-

for Police purposes, suitable in every way for harbour patrol, or big enough if required to go safely on any outside beat. She is about the fastest launch in the barbour for her size.

5. No. 9 Motor Boat had two serious mishaps during the year. On one occasion she was cut clean in two on one side and sank in the Yaumati Refuge being raised and re-built by Messrs. Kwong Hip Loong, and after proper enquiry at the Harbour Office, the cost of damage was paid by the owner of the launch which had done the damages. The boat is now running in first class condition and is in every way satisfactory.

6. No. 10 Motor Boat is running well. These Motor Boats have run much better since the appointment of a motor mechanic to the Police slip and yard at Yaumati, who saves Government a considerable amount in repairs.

7. All pulling-boats and gear are in good order and condition.

8. During the year No. 2 Police Launch has done most of her night patrols in Deep Bay. This launch has also kept the buoys marking the Sham Chun Channel in good order, which makes the navigation of the difficult channel a simple matter.

9. Rifle and Maxim Gun Practice has been carried out on a modified scale by Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 launches during the

year.

10. Signalling by day and night has been carried out between the patrol launches and the land stations as convenient during the

year.

11. The Special Police are still carrying on the work of the members who left to go to the Front and do so with every credit to themselves and the Force to which they belong.

12. On the 31st January I inspected all the Fleet of Police Launches with the exception of No. 3, and these launches are all in excellent condition both inside and outside. The large cruising launches Nos. 1, 2 and 4 which I inspected very thoroughly were in my opinion as smart and clean as anything I have seen, and I consider that they reflect great credit individually on the officers in charge of them, and that the high state of efficiency and clean- liness generally of the Police Fleet reflect very great credit on the Inspector in charge of the Water Police.

C. W. BECKWITH, Commander, R.N.,

Assistant Superintendent. Water Police.

6th February, 1918.

K 12

Annexe B.

REPORT ON THE POLICE SCHOOL.

Staff-The staff consist of one European master-in-charge, and three Indian assistant masters. There have been no changes during the year.

Attendance.-School was held 93 times during the year, the average attendance being :-

European Police Constables, Indian

"

Gaol Staff, ...

7

16

23

From June 25th to July 12th the attendance was very small owing to the Mohammedan Fast being held during that period.

Studies. There is nothing to add to the remarks made last year under this heading.

Certificates. The following certificates of exemption have been obtained during the year :—

European Police Constable,

1

Indian

Gaol Staff,

"

""

...

...

...

28

38

General. The discipline and progress of the men attending have been satisfactory.

12th January, 1918.

E. J. EDWARDS,

Master-in-charge.

1

-

K 13

Table I.

RETURN OF SERIOUS AND MINOR OFFENCES REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN COMMITTED DURING THE YEARS 1916 AND 1917.

Minor Offences

Burglaries,

Larcenies and Larcenies in Dwelling-

Houses.

Other

Felonies.

Women

and Girls

Protection

Unlawful

Possession.

Kidnapping.

Assaults and Disorderly

Gambling.

Drunkenness.

Conduct.

Ordinance.

Serious Offences.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted,

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

1916.

Robbery with Violence and Assault with

intent to rob.

Europeans and Americans,

Indians,

Chinese,

Total,

1917.

:

:.

:

...

:

:

:

*65 31 15 122 34

:.

:

2

-

1 1

N

N

1

:

:

:

1

112,698 1,003 257 †233 89

|

80

47

11 2,700

1,004 | 258 | 237 91

82

47 36 151337

22

25

102 103

223

:

...

14

:

:

:

:

:

:

15337 303 70] 11

17 36 15 33

9

13

:

:

13

:

الميو

1

2

2

9

7

-

15

1,24

35

1,250

2436 617 | 41 873 1,827|248| 15

303 70 11 9 2472 662 42|375| 1,836 250| 35

65 31 15122 34

11

13

7

...

:

:.

:

:

:

:

...

:

:

Europeans and Americans,

6

1

1

I Ι

:

Indians,

Chinese,

Total,

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

4 2 2 3

2

:

:

:

...

:

...

73 39 12 131 17

42,609

986258 222 |118 68

53

33333

45

12 322

281 79

73 39

12 131 17

42,621

996 | 260 || 225 122 70 54

46

12 322 281 79

*

1 Robbery case with one prisoner (Chinese) undecided,

† 1 case with one prisoner undecided.

:

:

:

:

:

...

10

10

:

4

8

8

1,12

224

22

4

394 546 76|315| 1,582|175

412 564 80 | 315 1,582 175 22

Burglaries.

K 13

Table I.

RETURN OF SERIOUS AND MINOR OFFENCES REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN COMMITTED DURING THE YEARS 1916 AND 1917.

Serious Offences.

Larcenies and Larcenies in

Dwelling-

Other

Felonies.

Women

and Girls

Protection

Unlawful

Possession.

Kidnapping.

Assaults and Disorderly

Conduct.

Houses.

Ordinance.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

:

Cases.

Gambling.

Minor Offences.

Drunkenness.

Nuisances.

Miscellaneous

Offences.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

2 1 1

:

:

:

:

2

2

122 34

11 |2,698

I 1 2 1 1

1,003 257 †233 89

:

:

...

80 47 36 15|337 303

: ོ

...

...

701 11

9

122

31

112,700

1,004 | 258 | 237 91

82

32

47

36

151337 303

Total of

all cases.

70 11 9

22

25

:

13

13

:

...

14

20 1

2

9

2

-}

7

7

2436 617 41 873 1,827248 15 15

2472 662 42 375 1,836 250 35 35

:

:

:

I

28

21 7.

66

1

19

10 9

47

11,206

11,319

1,248 1,248

5,621|5,966|428

1,250 1,249 1 5,668 | 5,997 444

:

:

6

1

I

:

6

2

41

2 3

2

:

:

:

:

:

...

131

17

4 |2,609

131

17

2,621

986 | 258 | 222 118

996 | 260 | 225 122

68

53

45

12322 281 79

70

54 46 12322

281

79

isoner (Chinese) undecided.

† 1 case with one prisoner undecided.

:

:

:

:

:.

FM.

:

:.

11

13

:

5

4

...

:

...

10

:

10

+4

www

394 546 76|315| 1,582 | 175

8 8

412 564 80 [315] 1,582|175| 22

22

:

...

:

:

2

1

12

9

B

:

14

13

2

33

:

1,124 1,124

4,181

4,476 377

9,432

1,126 1,126

4,207 | 4,498 384

9,508

VICTORIA.

KOWLOON.

K 14

Table II.

DUMPED BODIES, 1917.

}

HARBOUR.

ELSEV

1 month

Under

one

month.

and

under

1 year.

5 years.

under

15 years.

1 year and under

5 years

1 month

and

15 years

and

over.

Under

one

month.

and

under

1 year.

1 year and under

5 years.

and

5 years 15 years and

under

15 years.

over.

Under

one

month.

1 month

and

under

1 year.

1 year and

under

5 years.

5 years

1 month

and

15 years

and

Under

one

under

15 years.

and

under

over.

month.

1

year.

sex

sex

m.

f.

in.

f.

11.

f.

lunk,

junk.

sex

unk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

16

14

2 23

26

:

118 | 120

*

8 15

16

f.

sex

Junk.

m.

་་

17

30

40

sex

f.

unk.

m.

f.

sex

junk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

2232

52

42 37

2

12

6

3

A

...

Year.

Victoria.

Kowloon, Harbour. Elsewhere.

sex

junk.

SAM

sex

sex

m.

f.

unk.j

m.

f.

m.

f.

in.

junk.

10

42

39

8

ہیں

10

-

f.

m.

13

ندم

Total.

Males. Females. Unknown. | Children.

Adults.

1913,

103

198

52

49

402

221

170

318

84

1914,

154

271

66

60

551

831

212

408

143

1915,

75

174

56

29

334

184

139

11

274

60

1916,

250

183

101

36

570

321

239

10

170

- 100

· 1917,

349

233

142

74

798

397

386

751

47

、.

f.

sex

Junk.

sex

in.

f.

unk.

10

5 years 15 years

and

under

and

15 years.

over.

m.

ww

KOWLOON.

K 14

Table II.

DUMPED BODIES, 1917.

HARBOUR.

ELSEWHERE.

1 month

Under

one

month.

and

under

1 year.

5 years.

under

15 years.

1 year and under

5 years

and

15 years

Under

and

one

1 month

and

under

1 year and under

5 years

1 month

over.

month.

5 years.

1 year.

and

under

15 years.

15 years

and

Under

one

over.

month.

and

under

1 year.

1 year and

under

5 years.

5 years

and

under

Total.

15 years

and

over.

15 years.

sex

sex

sex

sex

sex

1.

111.

f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

unk.

unk.

junk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

junk.

m.

f.

unk.

m.

15

16

17

30

40

52

42

37

2

12 6

6

3

Co

8

10

10

sex

Chani

f.

m.

f.

junk.

12 39

C

10

m.

f.

13

Year.

Victoria.

Kowloon.

Harbour. Elsewhere. Total.

Males.

Females. Unknown.

Children.

Adults.

1913,

103

198

52

49

1914,

154

271

66

60

1915,

75

174

56

29

FOR

402

221

170

11

318

84

551

331

212

408

143

334

184

139

1916,

250

183

101

36

570

321

239

10

1917,

349

233

142

74

798

397

386

15

496

274

60

170

100

751

47

m.

f.

sex

unk.

m.

f.

sex

unk.

نت

10

sex

m.

f.

junk.

in.

f.

شوم

19

16

بت

f.

798

K 15

Table III.

Return showing the Establishment and Casualties in the Force during the year 1917 :—

Nationality.

Establishment

of the Force.

Enlistments.

Deaths.

Resignations

through

sickness.

Resignations through expiry of terms of service. or otherwise.

Dismissals or Desertions.

Total number

of Casualties.

Europeans,

160

Indians,

481

100

5

*4

1

9

4

10

Chinese,

588

80

3

16

48

****

9

8

22

73

2X

Total, 1,229 94

14

3

27

60

104

і

*These 4 men died on Active Service.

This number includes the Police paid by other Departments, also the Engineers, Coxswains, Stokers, etc., but it is exclusive of :-

1 Captain Superintendent.

1 Deputy Superintendent.

1 Assistant Superintendent.

1 Assistant Superintendent, New Territories,

(seconded for Military Service since 4th March, 1917).

1 Probationer (seconded for Military Service since

27th January, 1916).

1 Accountant.

9 Clerks.

6 Telephone Clerks.

100 Messengers and Coolies.

8 Indians and 13 Chinese who are employed by Private

Firms.

Strength on the 31st December, 1917.

Europeans. Indians.

Chinese.

Total.

Present,

98

393

575

1,066

On Active Service,...

49

:

19

Absent on leave,....

5

25

13

43

Excess over Estimates

38

38

Vacancies,

63

71

Total Establishment,

160

481

626

1,267

K 16

Table IV.

Table showing the Total Strength, Expenditure, and Revenue of the Police and Fire Brigade Departments for the years 1908 to 1917:—

Total Strength.

Expenditure.

Revenue Collected

Year.

by the

Police Force. Brigade.

Fire

Police

Fire

Police

Force.

Brigade.

Force.

$

$$3

-

1908.

1,046

96

556,607

31,172

124,288

1909......

1,054

97 564,835

72,227

125,958

1910......

1,042

103

583,847

41,548 161,420

1911......

1,102

103

586,985

$2.421

162,026

1912......

1,196

105

391,076

41,263 172,397

1913......

1,247

105

756,663

35.319 185,250

1914.

1.804

106

789,100

35,913

193,915

1915......

1.289

106

765,911

34,922 185,589

1916......

1,215

106

703.743

36,574

192,796

1917......

1,229

104 694,115

32,621

210,071

NOTE. No revenue is collected by the Fire Brigade.

K 17

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT

OF THE FIRE BRIGADE.

There were 26 Fires and 96 Incipient Fires during the year against 29 and 56 in 1916. Details are given in Table I.

The estimated damage caused by Fires was $373,830 and by Incipient Fires $2,914 and 150 trees, as against $229,429 and $1,817.80 in 1916.

The Brigade turned out 39 times during the year (same num- ber in 1916).

2. There was constant supply of water in the Fire Mains throughout the year.

3. No fire occurred in the Harbour during the year.

4. There were no prosecutions for arson during the year.

5. There are 25 Despatch Boxes (24 in 1916) kept in different places in Victoria and 12 in Kowloon, 8 different telephones to which the Police can have access to communicate with the Central Station in the event of a fire, and 12 Street Fire Alarms.

6. I enclose copy of a report by the Engineer on the state of the Fire Engines (Annexe A).

7. The conduct of the Brigade has been good.

VOLUNTEER FIRE BRIGADE.

8. Towards the close of the year 1916, twenty more European Police, some of whom were members of the Fire Brigade, were chosen to proceed to England to join the Army. The vacancies in the Brigade were filled by enrolling other members of the Regular Police Force, but the men became more scattered and all could not attend at a fire at the same time without seriously interfering with the carrying on of the ordinary Police duties.

To meet these circumstances, the formation of a Volunteer Fire Brigade was considered and approved of by His Excellency the Governor on January 26th, 1917. The members of the Brigade were drawn from the Volunteer Corps and Police Reserve. Major MacDonald, the engineer of the brigade, rendered great assistance in recruiting the men who were chosen from those having previous and useful experience and also with consideration to the places in which they lived so as to be handy for fire calls.

The present strength of this Volunteer Force is 21, of whom 12 are Active Members, that is, members who attend all fires, and the remainder hold themselves in readiness for emergencies, large or long fires. The men are divided into two sections under Messrs. R. M. Austin and J. W. Stackhouse who are foremen and have had previous Fire Brigade experience. Drills commenced on

K 18

March 23rd and were continued during the cool season. The first fire attended was that at Watson's Godown on April 11th. In September the division into Active and Reserve members was made and from the 12th September to the end of the year 19 calls were responded to with an average attendance of 94.

The

The Volunteer Fire Brigade has been a distinct success, and has fully met the purposes for which it was instituted. keenness and public spirit shown by the members is proof that it will continue to perform its useful functions during the peculiar conditions caused by the war.

C. McI. MESSER,

Superintendent of Fire Brigade.

5th March, 1918.

Annexe A.

HONGKONG, 5th March, 1918,

Sir. I have the honour to present the Annual Report ou the condition of the Fire Brigade Machinery and Equipment for the year ending 31st December, 1917.

No. 1 Fire Float.

This Float has been on regular duty for eight years. The Hull, Machinery and Boilers were thoroughly overhauled during the month of December. Was tested for efficiency under 140 the steam pressure on the Boilers and 140 lbs pressure on the Pumps and all found to be in good working order.

No. 2 Fire Float.

This Float was thoroughly overhauled during the month of October after which the Propelling Engines and Pumps were tested at full pressure (100 lbs.) on Boilers and Pumps and all found in good working order.

Motor Fire Engine.

This Engine has been on duty for nearly two years. During 1917 attended and assisted at 9 Fires and made 72 Runs. The Motor and Pumps are regularly cleaned and overhauled after being in action and continue to give good service.

Motor Fire Tender.

This Tender has been in service for six years, and has been kept in good order by cleaning and overhauling as found necessary.

Is

K 19

regularly tested for efficiency and used for training of drivers as required and during the past year attended 35 Fires and made 122 Runs.

Land Steamers Nos. 2 and 5 at Central Station.

No. 3 Land Steamer at Yaumati.

These Engines have been kept in good working order during the year and regularly tested at drills for Firemen and Drivers.

No. 4 Land Steamer.

This Engine is on loan to The Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Co., Ltd., and does not come under my supervision.

Manual Pumps and Equipment.

All Manual Pumps and Gear, Extension Ladders, Hose Reels and Supply Carts are in good working order,

Fire Alarms.

These are very rarely used by the public and the question of their removal might be considered.

The Hon. Mr. C. McI. MESSER,

Superintendent, Fire Brigade.

D. MACDONALD,

Engineer. Fire Brigade,

-

=

Appendix L.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISON

FOR THE YEAR 1917.

1. The number of prisoners received into prison during the year and the corresponding number for the year 1916 were as follows:-

1917.

1916.

Convicted by Ordinary Courts,

2,701

3,248

Convicted by Court Martial,

Supreme Court for China and Korea..

1

High Court, Weihaiwei,

Debtors,

52

54

On remand or in default of finding

surety,

628

857

Total...

3.386

4,169

1

There was a decrease of 783 on the total number of admissions as compared with the year 1916. There was a decrease of prisoners convicted for larceny during the year under review, the number being 890 against 916 for the previous year.

2. The number of Revenue Grade prisoners admitted to prison was 1,118 made up as follows : -

Convicted under the Opium Ordinance,....

Opium Divan Ordinance,. Gambling Ordinance,

146

53

86

Market Ordinance,

61

93

Arms Ordinance,

19

"5

Vehicles Ordinance,

31

>>

Police Ordinance,

I

25

Sanitary By-laws,

2

""

Harbour Regulations,

15

Post Office Ordinance,

">

"

Stowaway Ordinance,

1

Servants Quarters Ordinance,

3

לי

Marine Hawkers Ordinance,......

14

12

11

ད་

Dangerous Goods Ordinance,

Chinese Wine & Spirit Ord.,

Buildings Ordinance,

Eating House Ordinance,..

Carried forward,.............

452

L 2

Brought forward,

Convicted for committing nuisance in street,

unlawfully boarding steamers, discharging fireworks,

95

"

under the Water Works Ordinance,

""

for hawking without a licence,

cruelty to animals,

*2

"

keeping house for prostitution,

removing sand, stone, and earth

without permission,

illegal pawning,

travelling on river steamers without

paying legal fares,

drunkenness,

15

trespassing,

disorderly conduct,

assaulting,

obstruction,

MA

cutting trees,

fighting,..

mendicancy,

"

*

13

2:

malicious damage,.

attempting to pass Canton Road,

under the Truck Ordinance,

for unlawfully printing and publish-

ing lottery tickets,

unlawful possession of lottery tickets, carrying pigwash during prohibited

hours,

converting goods into own use,

55

91

unlawful possession,.

35

stealing,

37

37

possession of implement fit for un-

lawful purpose, ...

possession of counterfeit coins,

under the Women and Girls Protec-

tion Ordinance,

11

for offering bribe,

""

12

possession of unwholesome food,

failing to register himself in the

Colony,

3

33

""

""

""

"

abetting to obtain passage without

consent of the owner,

dressing the carcase of a pig in a

place other than a slaughter house. obtaining food by fraud,

picking flowers at Public Gardens,... lewdly and indecently exposing his

person in the public road,

failing to report a case of sinall-pox, felonious intent,

unlawfully receiving,

Carried forward,

452

3

14

3

2

215

2

12

7

1

10

25

21

28

31

19

18

39

1

30

1

I

81

43

1

1

1

1

4

1

3

1,104

1

L 3

Brought forward,

Convicted for possession of false scale,

A

"}

impersonating,

wounding,

lodging by night in the open air, removing dead body without per-

mission,

embezzlement,

1,104

1

3

1

1.

1

,-

91

under the Importation and Exporta-

tion Ordinance,

6

Total,.

1,118

3. The above figures show that 41 per cent of the total admis- sions to prison were Revenue Grade prisoners.

The following table shows the number of prisoners committed to prison without the option of fine and in default of payment of fine :-

In default payment of fine.

Year.

Without option of Served the

fine.

Total.

Paid full

Paid part

imprison-

fine.

fine.

ment.

1916

1,396

1,318

304

240

3,258

1917

1,588

712

193

213

2.706

4. 53 juveniles were admitted during the year. In 33 cases corporal punishment was awarded. Of these 11 were sentenced to be whipped forthwith and discharged, and the remaining 22, in addi- tion to whipping, received sentences varying from 24 hours detention to 6 months hard labour.

5. The percentage of convicted prisoners admitted to prison with previous convictions recorded against them was 157 as com- pared with 13:2 for 1916.

6. There were 73 prisoners admitted who were convicted by the Police Court in the New Territories against 83 for the previous year (92 in 1915).

7. The following table shows the number of convicts in custody on the 31st December for the past 10 years, and the percentage of the total number of prisoners in custody to the estimated population of Hongkong:-

£ 4

Daily

Percentage

Estimated Number of

Percentage

Year.

population. conviets.

of population.

average number of

to

prisoners.

population.

1908

420,741

130

*038

465

•110

1909

428,958

180

·042

560

•130

1910

435,986

208

·048

547

•125

1911

464,277

241

*052

595

•128

1912

467,777

222

047

701

⚫149

1913

489,114

253

·052

702

·144

1914

501,304

216

*044

600

•120

1915

516,870

213

⚫041

594

115

1916

528,010

203

*038

638

•121

1917 535,100

209

*038

600

112

8. There were 821 punishments awarded for breach of prison discipline, being an average of 136 per prisoner as compared with 857 with an average of 134 for the preceding year. punishment was inflicted in 4 cases for prison offences.

9. 96 prisoners were whipped by order of the Courts.

10. There was no escape or attempt to escape.

Corporal

11. There were 10 deaths (8 natural causes, 1 execution, and 1 suicide).

12. Constant attention is given to the instruction of long-sentence prisoners of good conduct, who are employed at industrial labour.

13. 8,287,664 forms were printed and issued to various Govern- ment Departments and 38,811 books bound and repaired.

14. The buildings are in good repair.

15. The conduct of both the European and Indian Staff has been very good.

16. The appliances for use in case of fire are in good condition, and the water supply adequate.

17. The rules laid down for the government of the prison have been complied with.

18. I append the usual returns.

19. Mr. C. D. Melbourne acted as Assistant Superintendent from 27th July to 15th November during the absence of Mr. J. W. Franks on leave.

C. McI. MESSER,

Superintendent.

25th March, 1918.

1

--

Table I.

Return showing the Expenditure and Income for the year 1917.

EXPENDITURE,

INCOME.

Pay and allowance of officers including Uni-

Earning of prisoners,........

74,627 43

Debtors' subsistence,

form, etc.,.............

Victualling of Prisoners,

14,756 57

Wei-Hai-Wei prisoners' subsistence,.

Fuel, Light, Soap, and Dry Earth,

Clothing of Prisoners, Bedding, and Furniture,

8,291 78

Shanghai

do.,

10,536

65

Military

do.,

Yuunaufu

do.,

Total,....

$108,212 43

1916,.

$112,615 70

Subsistence of prisoners sentenced by Marine Magistrate,

Waste Food sold,

Paid out of Colonial Revenue for prisoners' maintenance,.

Total,

Average annual cost per prisoner $65.66, in 1916 $66.77, and in 1915 $73.78.

C.

67,332

91

313 00

438

00

219

62

40

27 30

354

90

OF

L 5 —

688393 8

67 50

39,397

42

$108,212

43

L 6-

Table II.

Return showing Expenditure and Income for the past 10 years.

Actual cost

Year.

Expenditure.

Income.

of prisoners' maintenance.

Average cost per prisoner.

$

C.

C.

C.

$ c.

1908

95,537.85

48,066.33

47,471,52

102.09

1909

93,926.80

46,421.13

51,505.67

91.97

1910

96,302.19

52,104.75

44,197.44

80.80

1911

93,458.23

53,889.26

39,568.97 66.50

1912

97,577.82

62,348.80

35,229.02 50.25

1913

106,275.20

61,298.50

44,976,70 64.07

1914

108,143.24

70,597.22

37,546.02 62.58

1915

109,369.95

65,544.33

43,825.62 73.78

4

1916

112,615.70

70,019.18

42,596.52 66.77

1917

108,212.43

68,815.01

39,397.42 65.66

Table III.

Return showing value of Industrial Labour for the year 1917.

3

A

6

Value of

Value of

articles

Value of

articles

manufactur-

Stock on

manufactur- ed or work

done for

payment.

Gaol or other 31st, 1917.

ed or work

hand

Total Cr.

done for

December

Departments.

I

2

Nature of Industry.

Value of

stock on

Value of

hand

materials

Total Dr.

January 1st purchased. 1917.

8

Value of

earnings.

(Difference

between

columns

3 and 7.)

C.

C.

C.

C.

C.

Oakum,

Coir,....

431.20

647.80

...

431,20

431.20

431.20

Net-making,

31.24

1,569.28

43.90

2,217.08

1,987.17

378.67

1,290.74

3.656.58

1,439.50

75.14

130.89

24.85

155.74

80.60

Tailoring,

68.10

3,950.16

4,018.26

264.50

2,543.88

2,425.28

5,233.66

1,215.40

Rattan,

12.90

12.90

18.00

8.50

1.72

28.22

15.32

Tin-smithing,

1,566.80

736.01

2,302.81

186.10

2,715.02

132.25

3,033.37

730.56

Carpentering,

49.40

687.68

737.08

316.99

821.17

339.81

1,477.97

740.89

Grass-matting,

15.56

20.00

35.56

36.20

59.86

8.72

104.78

69.22

Shoe-making,

36.25

2,375.72

2,411.97

495.81

2,284.77

52.45

2,833.03

421.06

Laundry,...

2,217.89

2,217.89

9,140.44

...

9,140.44

6,922,55

Printing and Bookbinding.

20,293.40

Photography,

35,579.17 | 55,872.57 234.40

224.75

85,376.91

25,874.50 111,476.16

55,603,59

234.40

80

820.24

7.58

328.62

94.22

...

Total,.

23,139.75

47,427.11

70,566.86

3,661,21 |103,649.46 30,589.10 137,899.77

67,382.91

Paid into Bank during 1917, which sum includes $60.69 for work executed in 1916, $3,604.08. Value of work executed during 1917 for which payment was deferred to 1918, $140.80.

- L7-

a

:

Appendix M.

MEDICAL AND SANITARY REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1917.

TABLE OF CONTENTS :

ANNEXE A.-Report of the Head of the Sanitary Department,...

Page.

3

ANNEXE B.-Joint Report of the Principal Civil Medical Officer

and the Medical Officer of Health,

7

ANNEXE C.-Report of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon,

ANNEXE D.-Report of the Superintendent, Civil Hospital,

25

30

ANNEXE E-Report of the Medical Officer in charge of the

Victoria Hospital for Women and Children, 44

ANNEXE F.-Report on the Lunatic Asylum,

45

ANNEXE G.-Report of the Medical Officer in charge of the

Infectious Diseases Hospitals, ...

47

ANNEXE H-Report of the Medical Officer to Victoria Gaol,... 49

ANNEXE I-Report of the Medical Officer for Kowloon and the

New Territories,

ANNEXE J.-Number of Confinements attended by Government

52

Midwives in 1917,

56

ANNEXE K.-Report of the Visiting Medical Officer to the

Tung Wa Hospital, ...

57

ANNEXE L.-Report on the Alice Memorial and Affiliated

Hospitals, ...

68

ANNEXE M.-Report of the Government Bacteriologist,

69

ANNEXE N.-Report on the Public Mortuary, Victoria,

ANNEXE 0.-Report on the Public Mortuary, Kowloon,...

ANNEXE P.-Report of the Government Analyst,

ANNEXE Q.-Report of the Health Officer of the Port,

75

79

82

86

M 3

Annexe A.

REPORT OF THE HEAD OF THE SANITARY DEPARTMENT,

The following were members of the Sanitary Board during the

Year :-

President, the Head of the Sanitary Department, Mr. D. W. Tratman for whom Mr. E. V. Carpmael acted from 23rd May.

Vice-President, the Director of Public Works, the

Honourable Mr. W. Chatham, C.M.G.

The Secretary for Chinese Affairs, the Honourable Mr.

E. R. Hallifax.

The Medical Officer of Health, Dr. W. W. Pearse, for

whom Dr. A. M. Gale acted from 1st October. Lieut.-Colonel G. B. Crisp, D.D.M.S., China Command. Mr. F. B. L. Bowley.

Mr. Ng Hon-tsz.

Mr. Chan Kai-ming.

Mr. P. W. Goldring, who resigned in March.

Dr. F. M. G. Ozorio.

Mr. C. G. Alabaster, O.B.E., who was

on the 30th March.

STAFF.

elected

member

Inspectors Kelly, Davies, Old, Gipson, Thomson, and Hill have been released for active service, and are all serving on the various fronts. Inspector Gipson was transferred from the Gaol Staff.

LEGISLATION.

Three new By-laws were passed by the Board

1. By-law regarding Offensive Trades, with special refer-

ence to the issuing of licences by the Board.

2. By-law regulating scale of burial fees and grave spaces. 3. By-law more adequately defining scavenging and con-

servancy areas in the Eastern portion of the City.

CEMETERIES AND CREMATORIA.

No new cemeteries were opened in 1917.

During the year there were 768 exhumations, viz., various cemeteries 480; from section 1 and 3 Roman Catholic Cemetery, The number of exhumations in 1916 was about 2,000.

288.

M 4

DISEASES.

There were 595 cases of small-pox as compared with 220 in 1916. The vaccination campaign was ably carried out by Dr. Woodman who received the greatest assistance from Mr. Tsó and other Chinese gentry. By the end of February the epidemic had practically ceased. The total up to the 5th March being 549 cases. The other diseases notified during the year were:-enteric fever, 188; diphtheria, 69; puerperal fever, 20; paratyphoid fever, 7; and scarlet fever, 3.

POPULATION.

The last census was taken in 1911. The estimate of the popu- lation for 1917 is based on the usual rate of increase of the num- bers given in the last census with the addition of 10,000 allowed for the influx of Chinese due to the revolution. This estimate is probably much too low but only by taking another census could reliable information be obtained.

Owing to the war the estimate of the white population for 1916 has been adopted unchanged for the year 1917. -

HOUSE CLEANSING,

House building has gone on and the staff has been depleted thus rendering it impossible to maintain a quarterly cleansing. Barely three house cleansings per annum have been possible.

The total numbers of floors cleansed were 68,549 for Hong- kong and 32,140 for Kowloon,

LIMEWASHING.

The annual limewashing of Chinese tenement houses is still carried on and entails a great amount of trouble both to this Department and to the general public. Little or no improvement has resulted from By-law 4 which makes compulsory limewashing possible and it would seem as if the only possible solution of the difficulty lay in making this measure a part of the ordinary routine public scavenging services.

MARKETS.

No new markets were opened during the year.

A comparative table of the market rents for the past four years will be found in the report of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon.

There is an increase in revenue of $800 over the total for 1917.

CONSERVANCY.

The conservancy contract was carried out in a very satisfactory

manner.

Complaints were received from time to time from the Contrac- tor regarding losses due to the disturbed state of the neighbouring

country,

M 5

SCAVENGING AND REFUSE DISPOSAL.

In May the barges conveying town refuse were unable to remove all the material by making one trip on each alternate day and had to make the journey daily. For barge S. D. 1 this entailed two trips per day. A new steam barge S. D. 2 was built by Kwong Hip Loong and taken over by the Department on 18th September, 1917.

Shortly after this S. D. 3, a very old boat, was found unfit for further work and was disposed of by public auction.

There was a brisk demand for manure from the Cattle Depôts in Kennedy Town but owing to the existence of cattle disease (anthrax) in the latter half of the year it was deemed inadvisable to permit the use of this manure in gardens. It was accordingly dumped at sea,

The cost of scavenging the City of Victoria was $53,175,47 and of Kowloon $14.595.14.

A comparative table of the cost of scavenging for the last three years is appended :--

1915.

1916.

1917. $51,248,96 $53,175.47 14.482.19 14,595.14 20.020.70 22,666,57 29,358.56

(a) City Scavenging, ......$49,183.81 (b) Kowloon Scavenging, 14,433.25 (e) Refuse Disposal,

Total..

$83,637.76 $88.397.72 $97.129.17

The refuse barges were delayed on two typhoon and once by the closing of the Port. down five times. The cost of repairs was :—

Steam Barge S. D. 1,

Steam Barge S. D. 3, Other Barges,

Moorings,

Total,......

occasions, once by a Barge S.D. I broke

$3,741.95 818.10

1,359.13

154.70

$6,073.88

The first item includes $1,333.00 for hired towage while S. D. I was under repairs and the second item includes $35.00 for towage while S. D. 3 was under repair.

The total cost of the service for the year was $29,358.56.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

The total expenditure during 1917 was $346,921.22 as com- pared with $351,950.66 in 1916: the estimate for the year was $381,449.00.

M 6

Certain revenues are collected by this Department, the bulk coming from market and slaughter-house fees and the rest chiefly from licence, registration, and cemetery fees.

The total revenue was $281,634.33 as compared with $288,011.45 in 1916.

Other details of the working of the Department will be found in the reports of the Medical Officer of Health and the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon.

ADAM GIBSON, M.R.C.V.S.,

Head of the Sanitary Department.

6th June, 1918.

M 7

Annexe B.

JOINT REPORT OF THE PRINCIPAL CIVIL MEDICAL OFFICER AND THE MEDICAL OFFICER OF HEALTH.

AREA.

The Sanitary Board's control extends over the island of Hong- kong, which has an area of about 32 square miles, and to that portion of the mainland between the shore and the range of Kowloon Hills extending from the village of Tseung Kwan O in Junk Bay on the east, to the village of Kau Pa Kang on the west, with a seaboard of about 13 miles and an area of about 16 square miles.

This area includes "Old Kowloon", which has been British since 1861, and has an area of about 2 square miles, and a portion of the New Territories, leased to this Government in 1898.

The remainder of the New Territories-about 266 square miles-is outside the Board's jurisdiction.

The City of Victoria, situated on the northern side of the Island, has a frontage on the sea of nearly five miles and is separated from the Kowloon portion of the Colony by the Harbour.

The domestic buildings in Victoria number 10,335 (excluding barracks and police stations) of which 992 are non-Chinese; there are also 183 European dwellings in the Hill District. The number of houses completed during the year was as follows:-Victoria 163, Kowloon 120, Outlying Districts and Peak 52, making a total of 335, as compared with 314 in 1916.

In addition to the above, miscellaneous buildings such as offices, godowns, etc., were erected to the number of 63 (26 in 1916).

ADMINISTRATION.

The City of Victoria is divided into twelve, and Old Kowloon into three Health Districts, with an Inspector in charge of each. The Inspector in charge of No. 3 Health District has also charge of the sanitary work on the Peak.

There are also five Inspectors engaged in the supervision of scavenging and conservancy work including the upkeep of dust carts, boats, etc., used in this connection.

In the outlying districts the sanitary work is supervised by the Police Officer of the district, except in Shaukiwan which has been incorporated with No. 1 Health District although it lies beyond the limits of the city. The Inspectors in Hongkong work under the supervision of the Medical Officer of Health and in Kowloon under that of the Assistant Medical Officer of Health.

GENERAL SANITARY CONDITIONS.

The activity in building operations which has been such a noticeable feature since 1912 has not abated and the demand for

M 8

housing accommodation for the Chinese is still in excess of the supply.

The Colony has several times since 1911 been subjected to the influx of many thousands of Chinese seeking refuge from distur- bances in their own country and of these not a few appear to remain after the majority have returned to China.

In connection with anti-plague measures to keep rats as much as possible out of houses 111 ground surfaces have been cemented in Victoria and 27 in Kowloon (124 and 46 in 1916) whilst 496 buildings have had rat-runs filled with cement in Victoria and 487 in Kowloon (261 and 559 respectively in 1916).

Permits for the use of three basements for workshops, and one for use as a shop, were issued.

Obstructions have been removed from backyards in 26 houses in Victoria and 2 in Kowloon (38 and 7 in 1916).

5,229 notices were issued for the abatement of sanitary nui- sances in Victoria (7,110 in 1916) and 1,458 in Kowloon (1,559 in 1916); while 2,335 and 303 represent the number of notices for the prevention of nuisances, in contravention of the Buildings Ordinance, in Victoria and Kowloon (2,120 and 475 respectively in 1916).

Notices prohibiting the breeding of mosquitoes were served to the number of 38 in Victoria and 15 in Kowloon (136 and 11 in

1916).

Other sanitary improvements have been carried out by the Public Works Department during the year, including additional nullah training to the extent of 10,383 feet, (6,670 in 1916), and scavenging lanes have been provided to the extent of 2,792 feet.

METEOROLOGICAL RETURNS.

The following table gives the meteorological data recorded by the Royal Observatory during the year:----

Month.

Barometer

at M.S.L.

TEMPERA-

TURE.

HUMI-

DITY.

Max. Mean. Min.

ReL Abs.

Cloudiness.

Sunshine.

WIND.

Rain.

Direction.

Vel.

ins.

ویم

p.c. ins.

p. c.

hours.

ins. points. milesp.h.

January,

30.24 : 60,7 | 55.8 51.7 63 0.29 56

169.9 0.345

ENE

11.0

February.

March.

April,

May,

June,.

July,

August,

October,

30.3 64.459.4 55.3 30.09 65.9 61.6 58.4 29.89 73.5| 69,4 68.4 29.87 79.4 74.8 70.9 29.78 · 86.681.8 78.4 29.69 85.4 81.1 : 77.7 29.76 87.2 82,0 78.3 September,... 29.86 | 86.6 | 82,0 78.1 29.95 81.377,0 73.8 November,.. - 30.12 | 72.7 | 68,2 | 64.7 December,

72 0.37

134 5 0.405

E by N

12.9

0.43

116.9

2.670 E by N

142

0.63

76.9 5.230

E

18.5

X2 0.72 83 0.90

80 83 0.88 73 83 0.90 55 77 0.85 50 73 0.68 38 60 0.43 56 30.15 63.7 59,2 | 55.2 | 60 0.32 43

168.6 9.685 E by S

9.9

167.8 11.540 8 by W 189.5 30.075 SE by S

8.4

8.8

239.6 11.950 264.5 | 4,880 258.8 3.470 E by N

ssir E

7.4

10.4

:

14.0

189.2 0.095 209,0 1.140

ENE

12.5

ENE

11.6

Mean or

Total,...

29.96 | 75,6 71,0 67.4

75 0.62

63 |2187.2 81.485; E by S

11.2

:

1

M 9

The rainfall for the year (81.485 inches) was slightly more than in 1916 (79,855 inches) and is rather above the average of the last decade.

POPULATION.

The distribution of population estimated to the middle of 1917 was as follows :—

Non-Chinese Civil Population,

13,500

Chinese Civil Population :-

City of Victoria (including Peak),...

280,700

Villages of Hongkong,

15,300

Kowloon (including New Kowloon),

77.200

New Territories (land),

89,900

Population afloat,

58,500

Total Chinese Population,...

...521,600

335,100

Total Civil Population, ...

The population figures have been estimated by the usual method based on the natural increase, as shown by the census returns of 1906 and 1911, to which the number 10,000 has been added to allow of the influx of Chinese due to disturbances in the Kwongtung Province.

There is no means of estimating the number of Chinese in the Colony at any given time except by a census, and until a new census is taken the present estimated population figures must be considered to be quite unreliable and are in all probability much too low.

The civil population consists chiefly of male adults but owing to the disturbances in China during the last few years, which resulted in the immigration of refugees and their families, the proportion of females to males appears to be increasing.

The boat population numbered 58,500 and the registered boats belonging to the port and villages of Hongkong are as follows:-

Passenger boats, classes A and B, Lighters, cargo and water boats, Other boats,

Fish drying hulks,

Total,

•••

...

1.114 1,759 13,068

60

...

16,001

This gives an average of 43 persons per boat.

The licensed boats in the New Territories numbered 13.637,

M 10

There is a large passenger traffic between Hongkong and the mainland of China; the number travelling by the river steamers being as follows:--

Arrivals 870,837 ;

Departures 844,480 ;

Departures 309,391.

whilst the figures for the Kowloon-Canton Railways are :—

Arrivals 352,008;

The effect on the number of residents caused by this traffic is not known because there are other ways of entering and leaving the Colony of which there are no statistics.

City of Victoria Health Districts.

:

The following Table shows the number of Chinese houses and floors and the inmates per house the City of Victoria as estimated for the year 1917.

and per

floor

in

One-storey

Dwellings.

Two-storey

Dwellings.

Three-storey

Dwellings.

1 and 1A.

2 and 2A*

455

691

490

78

1,717

3,634

2.11

12

310

705

180

1,207

3,467

2.87

4

14

28

46

162

3.52

48

564

440

11

1,071

3,611

3.37

0

127

557

270

11

965

3,060

3.17

6 and 6A

51

37

385

453

40

966

3,292

3.40

7 and 7A

13

17

397

462

35

927

3,279

3.53

8

1

60

558

354

986

3,276

3.31

9

10

365

501

235

1,116

3,208

2.87

10

16

168

520

214

920

2,778

3.01

Total and Averages, 1917,

566

1,827 4,691

2,714

120

Total and Averages, 1916,

369

1,621

4,374

2,664

119

00.00

* Most of the Chinese in this District live in quarters attached to offices.

9,921

29,767

3.1

9,150

28,114

3.0

No information.

No information.

M 11 -

The following Table shows the distribution of the Chinese population of Kowloon according to houses and floors in the different Districts into which Kowloon is divided :-

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

One-storey Two-storey Three-storey Four-storey Dwellings. Dwellings. Dwellings. Dwellings.

Kowloon.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Total Dwellings.

Total Floors.

Average number of floors per Chinese dwelling.

Chinese Population.

Number of persons per Chinese dwelling.

Number of persons per Chinese floor.

No. 11 (Health District), ...| 1,007

10

664 244

384

97

80

No. 12

No. 13

9

255 20 491

7

93

888

""

""

938

1

467 15 566

9

:

""

6 2,492 4,620 1.9

875

2,425 2.7

No information

available.

2 1,998 3,645 1.8

Total, 1917,

Total, 1916,

1,954

1,982

11

1,386 279 | 1,441 ||104

182

85,365 10,690 1.9

:

:

11 1,399 279 1,367 104

182

8 5,332 |10,522 | 1.9

...

...

:

-M 12-

M 13

BIRTHS.

The births registered during the year were as follows :—

Male. Female.

Total.

Chinese,

1,458

661

2,119

Non-Chinese,

142

139

281

Total, 1917,.

1,600

800

2,400

Total, 1916,......... 1,751

880

2,631

This gives a general birth rate of 53 per 1,000 as compared with 61 in 1916 and 6.1 in 1915.

The birth rate among the non-Chinese community was 20-08 per 1,000 as compared with 20 5 in 1916 and 132 in 1915. The nationality of the non-Chinese parents was as follows:-British 128, Filipinos 8, Portuguese 66, Indian 47, American 5, Malay 7, Parsee and Eurasian 3 each, French, Arab, West Indian, and Jewish 2 each, Dutch, Turkish, Swiss, Italian, Australian, Japanese, and Russian one each.

The number of births of Chinese nationality registered does not give an accurate record of the number of births which has occurred. Owing to the custom of the Chinese of not registering any birth unless the child has survived for a month, and often, in the case of female children, not at all, it is probable that the majority, if not all, of the infants who are sickly at birth or die before reaching the age of one month have not been registered. It is customary, therefore, to assume that all children of one month or less admitted to the various Convents, together with those found dead in the streets, harbour, hillsides, etc., have been born in the Colony but have not been registered. The addition of this number to that of the registered births gives a more correct estimate of the birth rate which is therefore calculated in this manner.

The num- ber of such children in 1917 was 886 (411 males and 475 females) making a total of 3,005 births in 1917 as compared with 3,575 in 1916.

The birth rate so corrected is therefore 7.3 and for the Chinese community the rate becomes 6.9 instead of 4.9 per 1,000 but even this addition is not sufficient as the total of infant deaths is still greater than the total of births so calculated, from which it is evident that many are brought into the Colony from the mainland of China.

The last census return (1911) showed 1,180 Chinese under one year of age in the Colony, while between the ages of one and five there were 24,738.

The preponderance of male over female registered births is very marked among the Chinese, there being 219 males to every 100 females; in 1916 the proportion was 211 to 100; and in 1915, 201 to 100, but the addition of the 886 unregistered births reduces the proportion to 164 males to 100 females for 1917.

M 14

In the non-Chinese community the proportion of male to female births was 102 to 100 as compared with 120 to 100 in 1916.

DEATHS.

The total number of deaths registered during the year was 10,433 (10,558 in 1916) and (7,921 in 1915). The general death rate was 23.4 per 1,000 as against (24:0 in 1916 and 18-59 in 1915).

The number of deaths amongst the Chinese was 10,244, which gives a death rate of 23-7 per 1,000 as against 246 in 1916 and

19.0 in 1915.

The deaths registered in the non-Chinese civil community numbered 189 giving a death rate of 14.00 per 1,000 (15-08 in 1916 and 13-84 in 1915). The nationalities of the deceased were as follows-British 53, Portuguese 38, Annamite 3, Indian 24, Japanese 29, Malay 7, French 5, American and Filipinos 8 each, Russian, Italian, and Eurasian 2 each, Dutch, Peruvian, Jewish, Swiss, Canadian, Brazilian, Australian, and Parsee one each.

The death rate for Europeans and those of European origin is 7.7 per 1,000 (13.04 in 1916); 5-9 per 1,000 for Indians (11.03 in 1916); and 16.9 per 1,000 for races classed as mixed or coloured (20·05 in 1916).

The exclusion of the Army and Navy from these statistics in- creases both the birth and death rates for Europeans and Indians.

AGE DISTRIBUTION OF DEATHS.

The total number of deaths of infants under one year of age was 3,596 being 344 per cent of the total number of deaths as compared with 318 in 1916. The number of deaths of children between one and five years of age was 1,640.

11.1

There were 32 infant deaths among the non-Chinese, being per cent of the total number of deaths (118 in 1916).

Among the Chinese population the deaths of infants number- ed 3,564 (3,334 in 1916) while only 2,119 Chinese births were registered, or taking the corrected number of births among the Chinese to be 3,005 as explained above, it is still found that there were more deaths than births. It is obvious, therefore, that many infants must be brought in from China, or the births in Hongkong concealed.

DISEASES.

Respiratory Diseases.

The total number of deaths from diseases of this nature was 2,248 (2,112 in 1916) of which 34 were among the non-Chinese community. Of these 1,130 occurred in infants under one year of age. Pneumonia was the cause of 360 deaths, 16 of which were non-Chinese and 55 of which occurred in infants under one year.

M 15

Broncho-pneumonia was the cause of 1,172 deaths, 8 of which were non-Chinese and 805 of which occurred in infants under one year. The death rate among the Chinese from diseases of this system was 51 per 1,000 as compared with 55 last year.

Tuberculosis.

The number of deaths from tubercular disease was 1,493 and 23 of these occurred in non-Chinese. There were 877 deaths from pulmonary tuberculosis, 859 Chinese and 18 non-Chinese, and 57 deaths from tubercular meningitis. The percentage of deaths due to tuberculosis was 14.3 as compared with 14.8 last year.

Nervous Diseases.

The number of deaths from these during the year was 427, as compared with 405 last year. The deaths of Chinese infants from tetanus and convulsions were 159 and from meningitis undefined 75, as compared with 182 and 142 last year.

Malaria.

The number of deaths from malaria in 1917 was 416, as com- pared with 378 in 1916, of which all but 5 occurred in Chinese. In a large proportion of the cases the disease was contracted out- side the area of the Sanitary Board.

The following tables show the distribution of the deaths in the Colony and the Police admissions to hospital for malaria during the last eight years :-

Table of Deaths from Malaria.

Year.

Non- Chinese.

Shauki-

Victoria. Kowloon.

wan.

Aber- deen.

Stanley.

9

282

70

125

68

6

176

26

54

43

5

214

80

34

44

3

110

47

33

53

9

73

58

19

47

20

157

66

27

46

32

182

75

25

36

19

205

98

29

68

11

1910,

1911,

1912,

18

oc op to

1913,

1914,

1915,

1916,

1917,

* Since 1914 a large number of coolies have been employed in the Stanley

district constructing a reservoir.

M 16

Police admitted to hospital on account of malaria during the

Average Percent-

past ten years:-

Year.

From the City.

From rest of

Strength

Total.

the Colony.

of Police

Force.

age of Strength.

1908,

32

76

108

1,018

10

1909,

37

50

87

1,050

8

1910,

66

69

135

1,039

13

1911,

30

83

113

1,031

11

1912,

37

51

88

1,120

8

1913,

68

95

163

1,170

14

1914,

101

81

182

1,206

15

1915,

116

92

208

1,289

16

1916,

63

99

162

1,057

13

1917,

51

84

135

1,192

II

Beri-beri.

There were 654 deaths from this disease during the year (517 in 1916). With the exception of two deaths in Indians and one in Japanese all occurred in Chinese.

Ankylostomiasis.

During the year specimens of the fæces of 500 prisoners at the gaol were examined by Dr. McKenny and 94 of these were found to be infected.

Infectious Diseases.

The number of infectious diseases notified during the year was 919 (1,110 in 1916 and 507 in 1915) of which 38 were plague and 595 small-pox.

The nature and distribution is shown in Tables II and III.

Plague.

The incidence of this disease was very light, there being only 38 cases as compared with 39 in 1916, 144 in 1915, and 2,521 in 1914: 36 of the patients were of Chinese nationality, two non- Chinese. 35 deaths occurred. Two cases were imported.

During the year 87,964 rats were caught in Victoria and 18,558 in Kowloon. Total 106,522, an average of 291 per diem (111,629 in 1916).

In Victoria 20 were found to be infected with plague (0·02 per cent and in Kowloon 11 (0.06 per cent); last year 48 were found infected in Victoria and 27 in Kowloon,

Average

Average

13.8

10

i

ان نے کار

M 17

Table IV shows the monthly distribution of plague and of in- fected rats during the year.

Owing to the increase of plague-infected rats found during May, June, and July, rat poison was laid down in many Chinese houses throughout the City with satisfactory results.

Enteric Fever.

The number of cases of this disease notified during the year was 188 as compared with 198 in 1915 and 219 in 1916. Five cases were imported. The cases of European or American nation- ality were 21 (28 in 1916), Portuguese 2, Japanese 4, Indian 6, and Parsee 1. The remainder of the cases were Chinese.

It has not been possible to trace the source of the infection in these cases, nor the direct infection of one case from another. The incidence of the disease has not been of the nature of a water or milk-borne epidemic, but may have been acquired by the eating of raw vegetables grown by the Chinese method or by the eating of shell-fish. As it is the custom in Hongkong to use uncovered latrine buckets in Chinese latrines, the contamination of food by flies probably plays a considerable part in conveying this disease.

Paratyphoid Fever.

Seven European cases were notified.

Scarlet Fever.

Two European cases and one Portuguese were notified.

No cases were notified.

Cholera.

Small-pox.

During the year 595 cases occurred (712 in 1916, 34 in 1915 and 110 in 1914). In the latter 6 months of the year only 4 cases were notified.

A vaccination campaign was organised and the vaccinations performed increased from 6,333 in 1915 to 36,113 in 1916 and 50,347 in 1917.

Diphtheria.

Sixty-nine cases occurred during the year two of which were imported; 62 of the cases affected were Chinese.

Puerperal Fever.

Twenty cases were notified, one of which was of Japanese nationality, 1 Portuguese, and the remainder occurred in Chinese.

Five Government midwives attended 553 cases (488 in 1916).

M 18

No cases of typhus fever or relapsing fever occurred. One Chinese death from hydrophobia was notified.

INTERMENTS.

The following number of burials in the various cemeteries took place during the years 1916 and 1917 :—

Colonial,

General Cemeteries.

Roman Catholic,.

Mohammedan...

Parsee......

Japanese Crematorium,

Sikh Crematorium,..

Jewish,

Malay,.

1916. 1917.

58

60

889

956

59

34

0

0

26

28

11

9

1

0

Total,......... 1,044 1,087

Chinese Cemeteries.

Mount Caroline,

Kai Lung Wan,

Tung Wah Hospital,

Protestant,..

1916. 1917.

609 575

1,303 1,078

4,687 4,530

52

42

Eurasian,

Shaukiwan,

3

2

0

0 (closed)

Aberdeen,

Stanley,

227

238

48

34

Shek O,...

Ma Tau Wai,

Chinese Permanent Cemetery,

0

7

0 (closed)

29

28

Lamma Island,

7

10

Hau Pui Lung,.

2,125

2,429

Sai Yu Shek,

116

104

Sai Yu Shek (Christian),

19

9

Kowloon Tong,

113

112

Chai Wan....

199

215

Cheung Leung Tin,

0 (closed)

Tai Shek Ku,

3

Total,......... 9,551 9,416

DISINFECTING STATION.

The Disinfecting Station in Victoria and Kowloon dealt with 36,767 articles of clothing, bedding, etc., (45,669 in 1916).

The disinfecting apparatus in Victoria was in use on 177 days and that in Kowloon on 91 days.

1

M 19

In addition 10,057 articles were washed and 117 public vehicles disinfected. -

PUBLIC BATH HOUSES.

The following table shows the number of persons who have used the four public bath houses in the City during the year :-

District.

Wanchai, (men only),

Pound Lane, (men and women),

Second Street, (men only),

1916.

1917.

121,347 156,968

229,868 251,393

52,664 56,920

30,049

440,195 495,330

Sheung Fung Lane, (women and children), 36,316

Total,...

AMBULANCE SERVICE.

Ambulances can be procured at any time of the day and night from the disinfecting station at Tai Ping Shan in Victoria and at Yaumati in Kowloon (telephone numbers 363 in Victoria and K44 in Kowloon).

Ambulances are also obtainable in Victoria from the Eastern and Western District Sanitary Offices.

At the above-mentioned stations coolies for ambulance work are available at any time.

There are many other places from which ambulances may be obtained in emergency but as there are no coolies of the Sanitary Department stationed at these it is necessary for the police to obtain volunteers or engage street coolies for the ambulances when required.

The following is a list of such places :--

1. In the City of Victoria :-

No. 1 Police Station.

The Recreation Ground, Happy Valley. The Seamen's Institute, Gresson Street.

The City Hall.

The Post Office.

The Supreme Court.

The Central Police Station.

The Fire Brigade Station, Queen's Road Central.

The New Western Market.

The Tung Wah Hospital.

The entrance gate to Government Civil Hospital, in

Queen's Road West.

The Cattle Depôt, Kennedy Town.

No. 6 Police Station, Peak.

M 20

2. In Hongkong outside the city limits :--

Bay View Police Station. Shaukiwan Police Station. Aberdeen Police Station. Stanley Police Station.

Pokfulam Police Station.

3. In Kowloon :-

Water Police Station, Tsim Sha Tsui. Sham Shui Po Police Station.

Kowloon City Police Station.

4. In the New Territories at Tai Po.

During the year 1917 the ambulances were used 529 times in Hongkong and 202 in Kowloon.

ADULTERATION OF FOOD AND DRUGS.

Fifty-one samples of fresh milk were taken for analysis during the

year, five of which were found to be adulterated. Three. convictions were obtained.

Ten samples of bread and flour were taken for analysis and two were found to be slightly adulterated.

Five baskets containing 1,250 catties of decomposed salt-fish were seized and condemned.

J. T. C. JOHNSON, F.R.C.S. (Ed.), Principal Civil Medical Officer.

D. A. M. GALE, M.B., ch.B., B.SC.,

Medical Officer of Health.

}

British and

.

Foreign

Community,

{

-M 21

Table I.-DEATHS REGISTERED IN THE COLONY OF HONGKONG DURING 1917.

Civil,

6

CO

:

5

10

2

1

1

3 1 3 10

LO

3 12

Ι

LO

223

18

10

3 1

1

5

5 60

1 189

J

15 99 6

7 12

4

23 139 12

33.

83 559 154|392|377 26 119 83 34 17 118

70127

CO

1151 476 474 26 19180 1122 106 6565

CO

73133

55

6

3

16 161 123 1051

257186 210

11

9

58 522 103 2235

:

ос

29

2838

10

32

:

22

3

27 19 31

6

42 14 272

...

23

10

:

:

:

2

1

12

2

4

1

20

1

2

2 83

:

:

:

:

:.

:.

:

:.

10

:.

38

75 28 185

1274

3

85 4 4

8117 324| 44

4 3

87

3

co

93

7 17

2 41

3

24

1

1 15

2

14

10

:

:

:

:

:

1

190

35416 21 142 336 53 184659|468 | 438 | 654 57 147 136

1532854775

45

34 267 1918 349 10433

2

10306

39|378 17 82 394 36187936| 458|561 | 520

48348 176 1577984 770 30

30 220 1282 379 10558

Victoria and

Peak,

Harbour,

345

3

64

25

383

13

3

Kowloon,......

156

4

32

23

Chinese

Community,

Shaukiwan,

9

2

Aberdeen,

[ Stanley,...

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

Total, 1917,

549

7116 51

1916,

542 41 146 61

Typhus,

Europeans Chinese Others

:

January.

February.

March.

M 22

Table II.-CASES OF NOTIFIABLE DISEASES RECORDED IN EACH MONTH OF THE YEAR 1917.

April.

May.

June.

July.

August.

September.

October.

November.

December.

1

Europeans

Plague,

Chinese

13

9

9.

36

38

38

39

Others

1

2

1

...

Europeans

1

3

1

2

1

2

7

21

28

Enteric Fever,................

Chinese

13

19

18

17

13

15

10

6

7

10

152

188

170

220

Others

1

1

3

3

2

1

1

3

15

22.

Europeans

1

1

7

1

F-

1

Paratyphoid Fever,

Chinese

Others

Europeans

Cholera,

Chinese

Others

...

:

Europeans

3

3

Small-pox,

Chinese

353

165

38

16

Others

8

Europeans

1

Diphtheria,

Chinese

5

9

4

8

3

3

Others

Europeans

Puerperal Fever,.........

Chinese

1

5

4

3

Others

1

1

:

Scarlet Fever,.......

Europeans Chinese Others

2

1

10

10

7

22

575

595

684

712

2

13

6

1

3

13

...

5

18

62

69

80

101

8

L

17

19

24

25

2

1

2

2

3

1

~

Relapsing Fever,

Europeans Chinese Others

:

:

Total for 1917,

383

196

67

49

Total for 1916,

27

66

66

102

91

55

37

37

35

91

7.

59

33853

26

17

62

43

189

14

16

42

59

106

357

:

:

919

1,110

:.

:.

:

1,110

:

:

Total, 1917.

Total, 1916.

Peak.

Kowloon.

Harbour.

New Territories.

Villages of Hongkong.

No address.

Imported. Total, 1917.

Total, 1916.

Table III.-The following Table shows the nature and distribution of those diseases :—

City of Victoria : Health Districts.

1

:

8 2

3 19 1

8

CO

16 10

2

44 18

4 5 6

7

8

9

10

:

00

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1

2 37

39

6

23 188

220

:

:

36 3 17

39 41

17 31

31

40

10:5

25

27

2 150

2

O

10

ここ

475

10

2

J

Plague,

1

2

2

Enteric Fever,

9

11

19

Paratyphoid Fever,

Cholera,

Small-pox,

Diphtheria,

Puerperal Fever,

Scarlet Fever,.

Relapsing Fever,

Typhus Fever,

:

- M 23

20 | 595

712

2

68898

69

101

20

25

2

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

::

2

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

M 24

Table IV.

MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS

DURING THE YEAR 1917.

CITY OF VICTORIA.

Mus Decumanus,.

2

2

Total Infected Rats,

4 2

2

11

:

1

Mus Rattus,

NN

2

N:

Ni

::

:—

2

6

14

20

January.

February.

March.

April.

May.

June.

July.

August.

September.

October.

November.

December.

Total.

Human Cases

Local,

2

12 7

8

1

Import-

of Plague,...

ed,..

1

:

:

:

30

1

་་་

MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS

DURING THE YEAR 1917.

Mus Rattus,

Mus Decumanus,..

Total Infected Rats,

KOWLOON.

January.

:-

February.

March.

April.

co:

May,

Ni

June.

103

July.

...

Local,..

1

Human Cases

of Plague,...

Import-

ed,.

band

:

...

1

August.

3 2 3 1

ลง

2

1

1

:

September.

October,

:

...

:

November,

December.

Total.

::|:

:

1

10

11

10

I

-

M 25

Annexe C.

REPORT BY DR. H. MACFARLANE, Acting Colonial Veterinary Surgeon.

GENERAL STATISTICS.

The total number of cattle admitted to the Government Depôts for the year was 42,502 (49,394 in 1916; 37,226 in 1915). In Kennedy Town 38,362 cattle were admitted (44,631 in 1916; 32,811 in 1915). There were twelve cattle rejected alive as unfit for food (17 in 1916; 14 in 1915). In addition 327 cattle were rejected on account of having come from a prohibited area (Wuchow). In Ma Tau Kok 4,140 cattle were admitted (4,763 in 1916; 4,415 in 1915). Seven were rejected alive as unfit for food (18 in 1916; 14 in 1915).

The total number of pigs admitted to Kennedy Town was 218,695 (255,115 in 1916; 234,112 in 1915).

The total number of sheep admitted to Kennedy Town was 30,124 (30,986 in 1916; 24,779 in 1915).

DISEASE IN DEPÔTS.

Rinderpest.

Twenty-three cases occurred in the Kennedy Town Depôt chiefly in the earlier part of the year.

Anthrax.

Seven cases of anthrax were found during the year (1916-2 cases 1915-1 case). All of the cases occurred in October and November. Five came from Wuchow, one from Mauchow, and one from Hoihow. Importation of cattle from Wuchow was pro- hibited for the remainder of the year.

Tuberculosis.

As in former years no case occurred in native cattle but three cases were found in dairy cows sent in for slaughter (11 in 1916).

Black Quarter.

Two cases of Black Quarter occurred (7 in 1916).

KENNEDY TOWN CREMATORIUM.

The carcases destroyed in the Crematorium for the year

were:

1916.

1917.

Cattle,

85

222

Sheep and Goats,

24

· 42

Swine,.

159.

218

Horses,

56

75

Dogs and miscellaneous animals,

152

216

Condemned meat from Slaughter House,... 10,555 lb. 13,692 H.

M 26

Besides the above, 22 cart-loads of old paper, books and mis- cellaneous goods from Government offices and private firms were destroyed (24 cart-loads in 1916), and 205 cases from the British American Tobacco Co., etc., (181 in 1916.)

Under Government Notification No. 31 of 1910 the following fees were collected

-

169 large animals at $2.00 each,

$338.00

1

212 small

.50 cents each,

106.00

Bone ash sold,......

119.00

Refund for fuel used in destroying private papers, &c.,

117.86

$680.86

The amount of coal used was 54 tons, 3 cwts., 2 qrs., 18 fb.

Kennedy Town :---

SLAUGHTER HOUSE REVENUE.

Slaughtered.

1916.

$

Cattle @ 40 (..

40,053

Sheep @ 20 c.,

...

21,321

Swine@ 30 c.,

Cattle and swine slaugh-

tered at Pokfulam (Dairy Farm), ..........

Exported.

1917.

C.

$

('.

16,021.20

36,759= 14,703.60

60,116.70

4,264,20 19,488 3,897.60

232,95169,885,30 200,389

427.70

614.70

$

C.

C.

Cattle @ 50 c.,

3,484

1,742.00

1.329

664.50

Sheep @ 10 c.,

9,884

988.40

10,417

1,041.70

Swine @ 10 c.,

9,045=

904.50

8,623=

862.30

$94,233.30

$81,901.10

Ma Tau Kok •

Slaughtered.

1916.

*

Cattle @ 40 c.,

...

4,766

315

1,806.40 63.00

4,125

Sheep @ 20 c., Swine @30 c., Cutstanding tickets sold,

...

46,298—13,889.40 46,298 13,889.40 126.60

$15,885.40

1917.

C.

1,650.00 211

42.20 46,176- 13,852.80

94.10

$15,639.10

A

Sai Wan Ho (contracted out)

Swine,

Aberdeen (contracted out) :—

Swine,

M 27

1916.

$

C.

1917.

$3

C.

.7,312=2,100.00 8,445 2,340.00

1916.

1917.

$ C.

$ c. .3,956-990.00 3,721=1,200.00

The total revenue, including contracts from the Animal Depôts and Slaughter Houses is as follows:-

1916.

1917.

Kennedy Town, Fees,

$94,233.30

$81,901.10

Ma Tau Kok, Fees, ...

15,885.40

15,639,10

Kennedy Town Blood and Hair

Contract,

6,600.00

7,296.00

Ma Tau Kok,

1,248.00

""

1,248.00

Sai Wan Ho Slaughtering Contract,. 2,100.00

2,340.00

Aberdeen,

990.00

""

"

1,200.00

$121,056.70 $109,624.20

Decrease on 1916...

.$11,432.50

The following table shows the number of animals slaughtered in all Slaughter Houses during the past ten years:-

Year.

Cattle.

1908,

29,612

1909, ......30,848

1910,

.30,504

1911,

.30,371

1912,

....33,761

1913,

1914,

1915,

......37,909 ...32,642 ...34,158

>

1916, ......44,819

1917,

....40,884 J

Average

Average

31,019

for 5 years, for 5 years,

38,082

Sheep and Goats.

18,104

17.855

17,439 17,671

18,177

17,586

17.245

17,966

21,636 19,699

Average

Average

for 5 years, for 5 years,

18,826

17,669

Swine.

185,321

182,791

223,705 227,597

242,956

244,609

228,136

264,894

290,528

258,731

GRASS SUPPLY FOR GOVERNMENT BULLOCKS.

Average

Average

for 5 years, for 5 years,

377,379

212,456

The area under cultivation remains the same as last year. The total grass cut at Kennedy Town was 115 tons 10 cwts. (100 tons in 1916).

EXPORT OF LARD TO THE PHILIPPINES AND THE UNITED STATES OF

+

AMERICA.

The factories at Ma Tau Kok and Kennedy Town approved for the export of lard and dried meats, exported the following quantities under certificate

1914.

-----

1915.

Lard,.................................. 840,917 1,050,959 Dried Meats.... 59,181 69,741

1916.

1917.

1,040,055 1,103,948 fb. 57,690 66,4271 fb.

C

!

M 28

RABIES.

Dogs were unmuzzled throughout the year. Six dogs were retained at Kennedy Town under observation but none were found to be infected.

Importation of dogs from Shanghai and Chinese ports north of Shanghai was prohibited until further notice (Gazette Notifi- cation No. 461 of the 19th October, 1917).

Importation of dogs from Canton was prohibited for six months from July 20th (Gazette Notification No. 52 of 1917).

MARKETS.

The following statement shows the Revenue derived from Markets :-

Markets.

1904-1913

(average for

10 years).

1914.

1915.

1916.

1917.

C.

C.

c.

C.

C.

Central Market,

53,784.69

60,340.20

60,157.80

60,664.80

60,635.10

Hunghom Market,

3,312.04

3,831.40

4,147.30

4,308.60

4,198.40

Mong Kok Tsui Market,

1,012.83

1,259,90

1,234.00

1,237.20

1,257.80

Sai Wan Ho Market,...

1,819.01

2,274.80

2,255.20

2,263.60

2,178.70

Sai Ying Pun Market,

13,954.77

14,955.10

15,919.40

16,262.40

16,333,20

Shankiwan Market, Shek Tong Tsui Market, So Kon Po Market, Tai Kok Tsui Market,

Tsim Sha Tsui Market,.

Wan Tsai Market,

Western Market, (North Block),

1,854.18

2,036,30

2,135.00

2,142.00

2,127,00

691.22

853,20

876.90

959.00

942.00

1,360.41

1,479.00

1,462.80

1,500.10

1,493.00

542.82

632.40

630.00

600.10

609.30

4,035,02

4,243.70

4,324.30

4,383.10

4,405,20

4,20.5.41

4,861.20

4,861.20

4,861.20

4,842.70

11,946.68 18,893.10 18,960.00

18,989.10

19,208.10

Western Market, (South Block),

Yaumati Market,

Aberdeen Market,

Canal Road, (opened 1st April, 1913),

21,712.29

30,185.00

27,867.70

29,467.30

29,78×.20

6,861.55

10,324.40

10,162.20

10,019.70

10,558.30

479.88

464,20

474.70

465.40

462.40

516.00

516.00

516.00

516.00

Praya East, (opened 1st December, 1913), Reclamation Street, (opened 1st Sept., 1913),... Staunton Street, (opened 1st October, 1912), Tai Hang, (opened 1st April, 1914),

683.00

429.10

381.10

415.90

3,606.30

2,871.20

2,727.40

2,787.10

666.00

714.40

1,124.30

1,124.40

1,234.40

351.30

1,401.40

1,042.50

724.80

Total,

M 29

127,138.80

162,504.90

162,110.50

163,915.00

164,717.60

M 30

Annexe D.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

REPORT BY DR. C. W MCKENNY, Superintendent.

BUILDINGS.

These have been maintained in good condition.

A system of artificial ventilation has been introduced into the operating theatre with a view to reducing the heat and humidity.

CHANGES IN THE STAFF.

During the early part of the year Dr. Moore went on leave and obtained a commission in the R. A. M. C.

In September Dr. Koch retired from the Department,

Drs. Woodman and McKenny replaced these Officers.

The Matron, Miss Maker, retired on pension, and Nursing Sisters Gorham and Kelsey were allowed to resign to do war work.

Nursing Sisters Graham and Moylan joined the staff, and three Japanese Staff Nurses, ris., Sato Kawase, Matsu Ono, and Ine Hemni also joined. One Probationer Nurse was added to the staff making five such Nurses.

The Japanese Nurses have given satisfaction and as already mentioned their number has been increased.

ADMISSIONS.

The total number of admissions was 3,292. This includes 99

patients brought over from 1916.

117 patients were in hospital at the end of the year,

The daily average of patients was 108:3.

Out-patients:-

8,829 came for treatment.

7,421 new prescriptions and 5,644 old prescriptions were

dispensed.

3,178 vaccinations were performed.

Nationality of patients:-

Europeans,

Indians,

Asiaties,

Ser of patients:-

Male, Female,

::

378

...

685

...

...

2.229

...

2,666 626

M 31

Deaths.-167 deaths occurred which gives a death-rate of 507%. Of these deaths 71 (i.e., 42%) occurred within 24 hours of admission.

Various death-rates:-

Men,

...

Women,

Europeans,

Indians,

Asiatics,

110 deaths

4.1%

#67

9·1%.

**

12

3.1%

32

15

2.1%

140

62%

...

**

Injuries accounted for 51 deaths and diseases of the respiratory system for 23.

Review of the medical work performed:-

Prevalent Diseases.

Disease.

Number in 1917. 1916. ±

Death-rate percentage.

1917. 1916. +

Malaria,

361

360 + I

1

5 +5

Typhoid fever,

46

34 + 12

6

11

Beri-beri,

...

81

60 + 21

6

3

+ 3

Dysentery,

37

42

5

0

11

-11

...

Tubercle,

95 185

40

15

7

Diphtheria,

17 21

4

29

28

+ 1

Rheumatism.

46

62

w

16

0

Respiratory System, 183

165 + 18

12

+ á

5

1 + 1

one case

"

22

"

four cases

four

**

Digestive System,... 314 248 + 66

Among rare diseases may be enumerated:-

Blackwater fever,

Hydrophobia,

Raynaud's Disease,

4.

***

Disease of ductless glands,

Sprue,

...

...

Review of surgical work performed:-

Operations.-444 operations were performed.

The more important of these were :-

Laparotomy, exploratory,

for intestinal, wounds, for hepatic wounds, for septic peritonitis,

Appendicectomy, Liver, abscess of,

...

:

:

...

2

1

...11

1.

M 32

Hernia, inguinal, cure of,

""

**

ventral, cure of, umbilical,.......

reduction of,

Hysterectomy,

Hysteropexy,

Cæsarian section,

Myomectomy,... Ovariotomy,

...

44

...

...

Vesico-vaginal fistula, Urethro-vaginal fistula.......... Perineorrhaphy, Urethra, dilatation of, Urethrotomy, external, Suprapubic cystotomy, Circumcision, ... Sounding for stone, Cure of Hydrocele,......

"

Hypospadias,

Variococele,

**

Anal fistula.

Amputation of thigh;

...

...

...

...

***

14

leg,...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

6

3

1

1

...

...

...

...

2

1

1

1

i

1

א

7

6

...19

Ť

...

...

1

1

...

...18

..

5

***

**

fingers,

toes,

""

at the wrist joint,

of forearm,

Reduction of dislocations,

>>

fractures,...

Suture of fractures,

Sequestrotomy,

Breaking down adhesions, Operation for hemorrhoids,

"

34

22

59

33

"

* A

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...17

8

...

1

1

2

3

T

...

...16

+

...12

8

...25

*

..37

5

enlarged tonsils and adenoids, removal of lymphatic glands,...

benign tumours,

66

""

">

malignant tumours, varicose veins,

1

7

toe-nails, clots from aneurysm,

urethral calculus, disorganised eye,

cataract,

...

...

:

:

1.

1

1

1

M 33

Operation for removal of sutures,

>>

bullet, needle,

1

...

""

>2

Trephining,

Plastic operation for:

Eutropion, Harelip,

>>

and cleft palate,

Suture of muscles, .

tendons,

wounds,

Cholecystectomy,

Tracheotomy,

...

1

...

6

:

9

2

1

.12

...

2

3

...10

...71

Skin-grafting,

Incision of various abscesses,

The following fractures were treated :—

Skull,

.....22 with 13 deaths.

Spine,

Femur,

Tibia and fibula,

2

...11

6

"

Fibula,

Tibia,

9

Radius and Ulna,

Radius,

6

Ulna,

3

Humerus,

1

Phalanges and small bones,

... 15

Clavicle,

...

Pelvis,

Patella,

Jaws.

...

...

...

1

1 death.

199

1

1

>>

Ribs,

Maternity Hospital.-There were 383 patients admitted.

Five of these remained over from 1916.

There were 173 paying, 201 free, and 9 patients from the garrison.

There were 156 male and 134 female infants born. Four cases of twins occurred and 23 infants were still-born.

Deaths.-Four mothers died-3 from nephritis (present on admission) and one from shock following an operation.

Ten premature children died.

M 34

POLICE.

The strength of the Police Force was 1,170, consisting of Europeans 103, Indians 428, and Chinese 639.

Admissions.-550 were admitted as against 552 in 1916:-

Europeans, Indians, Chinese,

58

364

-

1

...

128

Sick Rate:

Europeans,.

...56 as against 57 in 1916

Indians,

...85

93

"

Chinese,

...20

28

>>

Chief Diseases:-

Malaria,

Digestive System,

Respiratory System,...

Rheumatism,

Typhoid fever,...

...

...183 against 162

54

31

48

70

...

>>

17

19

...

...

2

32

35

38

D)

34

Cellular tissues,

Injuries,

Malaria.

Total.

Per cent. Per cent.

1917.

1916.

Europeans,

15

145.

10

Chinese,

30

4.7

9

32.2

27

Indians, .......138

Invaliding.-Three Chinese were invalided as being unfit for

further service.

Deaths :-

Death-rate.

Europeans,...

none

... 0 %

Indians,

...2 (anæmia 1, pneumonia 1),... '46%

Chinese,

...1 (beri-beri),

...

1%

COMPARATIVE STATISTICS.

Admissions to Civil Hospital,

Europeans,

Indians,

Chinese,

...

1916.

1917.

...

3,058

3,292

441

878

...

...

674

685

...

...

1,943

2.229

...

302

383

6.4%

5:07%

+..

71

X8

:

...

12,620

296

13.065

414

Admissions to Maternity Hospital,

Death-rate, ...

Deaths occurring in 24 hours,

Prescriptions dispensed,

Operations performed,

M 35

DENTAL DEPARTMENT.

An out-patient department was opened for dental work on the 4th July, two dental surgeons attending on three days in the week.

Two hundred and sixty-two patients attended or average 4.3.

a daily

In 236 cases one or more teeth were extracted. In the remain- ing 26 cases some other form of dental treatment was adopted.

The following shows the nationalities of the patients :-

2

Europeans,

Japanese,...

Indians,

Chinese,

:

:

:

17

1

236

Total....

262

The following Tables are attached :-

1.--Admissions and Deaths under respective Diseases. 2.-Yearly Admissions for Malaria from each Police

Station.

3.-Number and Class of Patients admitted during the

last ten years and deaths.

M 36

Tab

Diseases and Deaths in 1917 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Diseases.

Remain- ing in Hospital

at end of 1916.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Chicken-pox,

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

Cases

ing in Hospital

Admis-

sions. Deaths, Treated.

at end

of 1917,

1

Small-pox,

Measles,

Vaccinia,

Mumps,

20

20

Dengue,

5

5

Influenza,

2

19

51

1

Diphtheria,

1

16

5

17

3

Whooping Cough,

Febricula,.

10

Enteric Fever,

4

42

ON

10

46

8

Cholera,

Dysentery,

34

37

Yellow Fever...

Plague,

Beri-beri,..

Malarial Fever:

1. Quartan,.

80

81.

2. Simple Tertian,

15

15

3. Malignant,

315

319

3

4. Mixed Infection,

Malarial Cachexia,.

26

27

Erysipelas,

Pyæmia,

Septicæmia,

3

3

Puerperal Fever,

Tetanus,

Tubercle,

90

95

2

Leprosy, Mixed,..

(a) Tubercular,

(b) Anæsthetic,

ות

Scarlet Fever,...

:

Blackwater Fever, .

Trismus,

1

1

Sprue,

Syphilis:-

(a) Primary,

1

20

(6) Secondary,

1

41

(c) Tertiary,

66

(d) Inherited,

4:

3

2967

21

10

42

67

Carried forward....... 25

857

37

882 24

"

.

1

le I.

M 37

Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

Admis-

of 1916.

sions.

Deaths. Treated,

of 1917.

Remain- Remain-

ing in

ing in Hospital Hospital

at end at end

of 1916.

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

Cases

ing in Hospital

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Treated.

at end

of 1917.

:

:

49

20

:

:

:

:

20

5

3

1

3

:

...

:

17

20

21

5

2

9

9

1

2

50

2

3

60

63

:

....

M 38

Table 1,-

Diseases and Deaths in 1917 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Diseases.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Yearly Total.

of 1916,

sions.

at end Admis- Deaths. Treated. of 1917.

Remain- Total

ing in Cases Hospital

at end

Brought forward,.......

25

857 37

882

24

GENERAL DISEASES,— Continued.

Gonorrhoea,

2

56

I

Hydrophobia,

Scurvy,

Alcoholism,

51

51

Delirium Tremens,

Rheumatism,

45

46

Rheumatic Fever,

Gout,

1

1

New Growth, Non-malignant,

38

38

New Growth, Malignant,

23

24

1

Anæmia,

33

2

Diabetes mellitus,

Diabetes insipidus,

Debility,

28

30

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System:-

Neuritis,

18

19

1

Meningitis,

Myelitis,

Hydrocephalus,

Neurasthenia,

Abscess of Brain,

Congestion of Brain,

Functional Nervous Disorders:

Apoplexy,

Paralysis,..

Amulsia,

Epilepsy,

Neuralgia,

Hypochondriasis,

Raynaud's Disease,

Mental Diseases :-

Idiocy,

Mania,

Carried forward,......

1

16

15

1838-12

3

17

1

1

3

15

2

1

83833

35

1,194

47

1,229

33

?

(Continued).

M 39

Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

at end of 1916.

Admis- sions.

Deaths, Trented

1

:

c:

:

49

:

:

4

50

Remain-

ing in Hospital at end

of 1917.

Remain- ing in Hospital

at end of 1916.

GAOL HOSPITAL,

Yearly Total. Total

Remain-

Admis-

sions

Deaths.

Cases Treated.]

ing in Hospital at end

of 1917.

: :

3

60

:

:

:

2

N

::

1

60

61

4

3

74

4

:

:

::

3

.

63

༄། :

:

...

Diseases.

M 10

Brought forward, ...

LOCAL DISEASES, Continued.

- -

Mental Diseases,—Continued.

Melancholia,

Dementia,

Delusional Insanity, Insomnia,

Diseases of the Eye,

Table I,-

Diseases and Deaths in 1917 at the

Remain- ing in Hospital

at end of 1916.

CIVIL HOSPITAL,

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

ing in

Casex

Hospital

Admis- sions.

Deaths, Treated,

at end of 1917.

35

1,194

471,229

33

1

90

22

Ear,

Nose,..

};

39

Circulatory System,.. I

26

27

>>

وو

Respiratory System,

Ι

184

23

185

""

22

Digestive System,

10

304

16

314

>>

Lymphatic System,...

2

67

69

4

A

Urinary System, .....

2

35

9

37

>>

Generative System...

>>

Male Organs,

87

::

91

7

27

Female Organs,

45

1

46

1

5

ور

Organs of Locomotion,

53

55

9

"

Cellular Tissue,

I 1

224

4

235

12

Skin,

35

37

1

Ductless Glands,..

Malingering,

Effects of heat,

Immersion,

4

5

20

3

20

14

14

22

606

51

628

18

Injuries, General,

>"

Local,

Surgical Operations,

Malformations,

Poisons,

Poisoning, Chronic Opium,

Parasites, Animal,

Abortion.....

Puerperium,

Nil,

Under Observation,

Parturition,........

Senility,

Pregnancy,

In Attendance,

15

15

29

6

29

1

1

1

15

16

30

31

3 47

Total...

99

3,193

1673,292 117

3

*

M 41

My M

(Continued).

Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

Remain-

ing in Yearly Total.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain-

Total

Hospital

at end Admis-

of 1916, sions.

Deaths,

Cases Treated

ing in Hospital

at end of 1917.

Remain-

ing in Hospital at end of 1916.

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

Admis- sions.

Deaths, Treated.

1

60

ALN

:

1

1

3

23

:

12

:

5

61

1

3

74

:

心心

77

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1917.

1

5

16

16.

9

25

2

2

44

16

1

N ∞

1

...

2

2

:

2

12

10

10

:

:

:

10

10

10

1

19

19

2

10

5

142

147 10

30

174

་་

.

6 182

4

M 42

www..com

Table II.-Showing number of cases of Malarial Fever among Members of the Police Force giving Station and percentage of admissions compared with strength.

Europeans.

Indians.

Chinese.

Station.

Strength.

No. of Cases.

Percentage.

Strength.

No. of Cases.

Percentage.

Strength.

No. of Cases,

Percentage.

Central, No. ?. No. 7.

Aberdeen,

Stanley

Shaukiwan

Gough Hill,

Water Police, Yaumati,

Kowloon City.

Sham Shui l'o, Tai Po,

Sha Tau Kok Ping Shan, Sha Tin, Sheung Shui, Au Tau, Tsun Wan......

Tung Chung...

43

162 114

36

23 6

233

15

13.3

31

100

99

27-5

46

16

25

6

100

6

83 3

3

14

214

10

8

125

S

12

16.6

197

2 པ ོ མ འ སོ་

10

40 29

444

12

33.3

XAN-CHON-DO

34

6*4

43

16.6

19

0

6

56

317

125

333

216-6

33 3

Sai Kung.

66 6

Cheung Chau,

22-2

San Tin,

22.2

Bay View.

100

16.6

Tytam Bay,

Pokfulum, Castle Penk. Hung Hom,

Kennedy Town.

87.5

20

714

13

12199

Total..........

103

15

14.5

428 138

32-2 639

30

47

Table III-Number and Class of Patients admitted during the past ten years and the Deaths.

Class of Patients.

1908.

1909. 1910.

1911.

1912.

1913.

1914.

1915.

1916.

1917.

Police,

660

633

613

519

657

771

728

781

552

550

Paying Patients,

724

659

591

631

735

667

728

749

775

795

Government Servants,

315

250

352

188

219

257

312

274

825

329

|

Police Cases,

285

287

432

313

380

370

283

352

344

401

M 43

Free,

543

555

674

719

710

728

696

979

1,062

1,217

Total,.

2,527

2,384

2,662

2,370

2,731

2,793

2,742

3,085

3,058

3,292

Total Deaths,..

157

131

147

173

194

178

194

155

195

167

Percentage,.

6.2

5'4

5.6

7:3

7.1

6.4

7·i

5·0

6.4

5:07

?

M 44

Annexe E.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN AND CHILDREN.

REPORT BY DR. J. T. C. JOHNSON, Principal Civil Medical Officer.

Buildings.-These were maintained in good order; all the necessary work for maintenance having been done.

Nursing Staff--Five of the Nursing Sisters and two of the Nurses of the Department were on duty during the year for varying periods.

Admissions to Hospital.-There were 147 admissions during the year as compared with 201 in 1916. One death occurred as the result of the nephritis of pregnancy.

Malarial Ferer.-There were twenty-five admissions for this disease. The cases were of the following description :

Aestivo-autumnal,

Chronic Malaria,.......

The following operations were performed :-

Adenoids,.....

Curetting of uterus,........

Opening of abscesses,...

Wound of chest,....

Laparotomy,

20

5

25

2

1

6

1

1

11

M 45

Annexe F.

LUNATIC ASYLUM.

REPORT BY DR. W. J. WOODMAN, Medical Officer.

During the year 1917 there were 214 patients under treatment of whom 112 were brought in by the Police.

There were 39 paying patients.

The deaths numbered 10 being 4.7 % of the number under treatment (25 in 1916).

Table I.

Nationality and Sex of Patients treated in 1917.

Nationality.

Remain- ing at

Admit- end of tel.

1916.

Total number treated.

Dis- charged.

Died.

Remain- ing at end of

1917.

Europeans,

Indians,

Chinese.

M. F. M. F. M. F.

M. F.

M. F.

M. F.

21 3 29

20

1

1

0

5

3

03

39 108 62

60

3

B

Other Nationalities,..... 1

Total.

15

129 64 144 70

128 61

9

7

0

M 46

Table II,

Return of Diseases and Deaths in 1917.

Remaining in

Diseases.

Hospital

at end of

1916.

!

Yearly Total.

Admis. !

sions.

Total

Cases

Deaths.

Dis- charged.

Treated.

Remaining in Hospital at end of

1917.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Alcoholism,

POISONS.

Chronic Opium Poison,..

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous

System :-

SUB-SECTION II.

Functional Nervous Dis-!

orders:

Epilepsy,....

SUB-SECTION III.

Mental Diseases :-

Imbecility,

Idiocy,

Mania,

Melancholia,

Dementia,

Under Observation,

Total, 1917,

1916,

1 21

1

21

22

0

CO

6

1

42

50

5

6

x

8

I

8

17

3

17

25

5

~

95

0

96

97

1

22

21 192

20 217

90

10 192

214

12

6

210

237

21

4.

M 17

Annexe G.

INFECTIOUS DISEASES HOSPITALS. KENNEDY TOWN.

made.

REPORT BY DR. C. W. MCKENNY, Medical Officer.

Buildings.-No structural additions or changes have been

Stuff-Wardmaster Kong Yee resigned.

Chung was appointed.

Wardmaster Tong

The hospital was open during the year as follows:-

From January 1st to April 12th.

December 24th to December 31st.

Thirteen patients were carried over from 1916.

Twenty-three new patients were admitted during the year. Of the total (36), 31 patients were suffering from small-pox, two from chicken-pox, two were in attendance, and one was under observation but proved not to be small-pox.

The patients were classified as follows:-

European,

Japanese,

Eurasian,

Indian,...

5

3

Chinese,

1

Four deaths occurred which gives a death-rate of 12.9% among the 31 cases of small-pox treated. Three of these patients were suffering from the confluent and one from the hæmorrhagic type of the disease.

The following Table shows the relationship between vaccination and the virulence of small-pos.

Rash.

Result.

Patient.

Con- fluent.

Discrete.

Hæmor- rhagic.

Cured. Died.

7

1

Unvaccinated,

Vaccinated in childhood,..............

Multiple vaccinations,.

8

:

10

*

:

M 48

TUNG WA SMALL-POX BRANCH HOSPITAL (CHINESE).

+

Buildings. The buildings have been well maintained and extensive repairs have been carried out.

Staff. This has remained as formerly.

Forty-one patients were carried over from 1916.

One hundred and five new cases were admitted during 1917. There were no patients in hospital at the end of the year.

All patients were suffering from small-pox and were Chinese. Of the total number of cases under treatment (146) 47 died giving a mortality of 32·1%.

Five patients were under European treatment. None of these died.

It is impossible to obtain an exact history of vaccination in the majority of these cases and consequently one cannot draw up a Table similar to that given in the Government Hospital returns.

The following table is, however, accurate and is based on observed facts rather than the history as given by the patients :---

Vaccinated,.... Unvaccinated,

Died.

Cured.

87

5

12

42

M 49

Annexe H.

VICTORIA GAOL,

REPORT BY DR. C. W. MCKENNY, Medical Officer.

Buildings.-The buildings have been maintained in good sani- tary condition. Structural alterations have been made which will allow of a larger area for exercise.

Staff and routine. The European hospital warder has been replaced by an Indian Officer.

No change in routine has been made.

Health of the prisoners.-This has been satisfactory. It may be estimated by considering the following details :—

(1) Number of deaths.

Six deaths from disease took place. The causes were વડ follows:--

Tuberculosis. Cancer, ... Beri-beri,

Typhoid fever,

3

1

1

1

The average annual number of deaths for the decade 1907-17 was 8.4.

(2) Prisoners liberated for medical reasons.

Seven prisoners were so discharged. They suffered from :-

Phthisis,

Insanity, Syphilis,

5

1

1

The average number so discharged for the decade 1907-17

was 15:7.

(3) Occurence of certain specific diseases.

Typhoid fever.-Four cases were admitted with one death. This figure compares very favourably with 16 cases in 1916.

Dysentery.-Two cases were admitted with no death (3 in

1916).

Beri-beri.-Twenty-six cases were admitted with one death

(9 in 1916).

None of these patients contracted the disease in gaol and they showed for the most part improvement during their term of imprisonment.

Pulmonary phthisis.-Eighteen cases were recorded with two deaths. In 1916 the figures were the same,

M 50

Malaria. Twenty-eight cases occurred with no deaths. Nine- teen of these were of a very mild type and only required out-patient treatment. In 1916 there were also nine cases of this disease treated in hospital with three prisoners in the out-patient list.

Dengue. As in 1916 during July and August an epidemic of this disease occurred. The condition was similar in mildness and lack of complications to that of last year and numerically less important (107 as against 145).

Skin diseases.-There were 225 admissions. No cases were treated in hospital. As in former years disease of the skin forms by far the largest individual figure in the out-patient list. forms 225 per cent. of the total out-patient admissions.

It

Opium habit.—Fifty-eight persons required medicinal treat- ment as a result of indulgence in this drug. In 1916 fifty-three cases were admitted but the number in 1915 was 154. The harm done by the drug, which is a rough gauge of the amount taken, may be judged by the fact that in 1916 23 patients (ie., 433 per cent. of the total) had to be detained in hospital but this year 10 (i.e., 17°2 per cent, of the total) required such treatment. In addition 78 (71 in 1916) prisoners on admission to gaol showed sufficient symptoms to necessitate a reduction of labour.

(4) Condition of prisoners on admission to gaol.

The following facts show the physical condition of prisoners on their admission. They are of interest as compared with the figures of actual disease and as an indication of the bodily state of the criminal class.

It was found that 1,105 were physically unfit, i.e., 33:6 per cent. of the total admissions to gaol. In 1916 the percentage was practically the same, namely, 33.5 per cent.

Of these 1,105 it was found that:-

(a) 367 were under weight, i.e., their weight was much below the standard weight for each individual height. These men were graded into two classes. The first class (297) was able to perform light work and the second (70) was unfit for labour which required any serious effort.

(b) 208 were incapacitated owing to age, ie., they were above fifty years of age. All of these were unfit for any form of laborious toil.

(c) 493 were suffering from disease or the results of disease. It was necessary to admit 59 of these to hospital at the time of or within a few days of their entry into gaol.

(d) 37 were on reduced labour by reason of juvenility.

M 51

Female Prisoners :—

There were 147 females admitted.

The average daily number was 38.

41 cases were under treatment and no deaths occurred.

General Statistics:-

The total admissions were 3,286.

The daily average of prisoners was 600.

The total admissions to hospital for illness were 174.

As in 1916 the dengue epidemic cases (107) are not counted in this total.

Their number and the necessity for segregation rendered these cases hospital patients but for the most part, as far as the severity of the disease was an indication, they could have been out-patients.

The total number of prisoners who received treatment in the out-patient department was 998.

The daily average attendance at the out-patient room was 42-8 and in the hospital 92.

Vaccinations.—2,244 prisoners were vaccinated and of this number 945 were successful, 718 were unsuccessful, and 581 were not examined owing to early discharge at the expiration of their

sentence.

During the year 500 prisoners were examined with a view to ascertaining whether they were infected with certain common intestinal parasites on admission to gaol.

It was found that over 60% were harbouring the round worm (ascaris lumbricoides), almost 50% the whip-worm (tricocephalus dispar), and 22% the hook-worm (ankylostomum duodenale).

Rates of Sickness and Mortality.

Total Number of :-

Daily Average

Number of :-

Rate per cent. of :-

Prisoners Admitted

to Gaol.

Admissions to Hospital.

Out-Patients.

Deaths due

to Discase.

Prisoners in Gaol.

Sick in Hospital.

Out-Patients.

Admissions to Hos- pital to Total

Admissions to Gaol.

Daily Average in Hospital to Daily Average of Prisoners.

Daily Average of Prisoners coming to Out-patient De- partment to Daily Average of Prisoners.

Deaths due to Dis- ease to Total Ad-

missions to Gaol.

1914. 4,050 483 2,348

10

5

601

13:36 83-84 11.92

22

13.8

0-12

1916, 4,169 261| 1,013

1917, 3.286 · 174 998

1915, 4,179 365: 1,294. +593 13:01 79-9

S1638 11:55

8.73

2.1

134

0.09

63.29 6.02

18

9.0

0.19

Ꮭ 600 9.2 42.8

5+2

15

6.5

018

M 52

Annexe I.

KOWLOON AND THE NEW TERRITORIES.

REPORT BY DR. J. T. SMALLEY, Medical Officer.

STAFF.

I have continued throughout the year to perform the duties of Medical Officer, Kowloon and New Territories, and Assistant Medical Officer of Health.

Dr. Chan Wae-cheung was installed as Assistant Medical Officer, New Territories, on February 1st, 1917, and took up his residence at Tai Po Market, in the New Dispensary which was opened adjoining the Railway Station.

The Railway Dispensary at Tai Po Station was abolished as very little work was being done there and its proximity to the one at Tai Po Market rendered its maintenance unnecessary.

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY.

The health of the European and Asiatic staff has been good throughout the year. There has been very little malaria amongst the staff at the stations in the New Territories.

There were 5 serious accidents on the Railway resulting in the death of 4 persons and severe injuries to 13 others. The medicine chests in the trains and at the stations have been kept replenished. They have proved to be of great service during the year.

THE POLICE FORCE.

The health of all ranks of the Force has been very satisfactory particularly from the point of view of malarial infection.

KOWLOON AND NEW TERRITORIES.

During the first quarter there was a severe outbreak of small- pox being the extension of the outbreak that started in December, 1916, the last few cases occurring in April. A vigorous vaccina- tion campaign was instituted, about 90,060 vaccinations being performed in Kowloon by a willing band of helpers and myself; in addition a large number of vaccinations were performed by the Chinese Public Dispensaries and the Kwong Wa Hospital.

The campaign was extended to the New Territories where after a few demonstrations by me the whole work was carried on by the District Officer, A.S.P., and the Police Force, with the help of the Government Vaccinators.

Great credit is due to them all for the splendid work they did. In Kowloon vaccination centres were installed in Hung Hom and Yaumati Police Stations and at my house. At the latter 5,522 people were vaccinated before January 1st and 3,249 after that date.

M 53

The bulk of the work was done by standing in the streets and vaccinating the passers-by and by house to house visitation. I think great credit is due to the band of helpers-included in them are the European staff and interpreter at Hung Hom and Yaumati Police Stations, Sanitary Inspectors, etc.--who worked very hard with me in addition to performing their normal duties.

With the exception of this outbreak the year has been a healthy Only five cases of plague were recorded at the Public Mortuary as compared with 14, 79, and 248 in the three preceding

one.

years.

At the Public Mortuary 1,503 post-mortems were performed as compared with 1,278 and 980 in 1915 and 1916 respectively. The increase is partly due to 154 cases of small-pox and partly to the rapid expansion of the district.

During the year 18,751 rats were examined being 265 less than Eleven were found to be plague-infected as compared with 29 and 76 in the two previous years.

last year.

The dispensary at Tai Po Market treated 1,402 people during the year, the figures being an increase over the figures of the two previous years which were 393 and 307 respectively.

The British schools and missionary establishments have been visited regularly and all scholars and inmates examined and reported

on,

These reports are forwarded-when necessary- to the parents for compliance with my remarks which mainly concern the condition of the teeth, throat, and eyes. This procedure has resulted in a marked improvement in the condition of the children's teeth and- as a natural sequence-their general health. New inmates of the missionary establishments were vaccinated in December.

KOWLOON DISPENSARY.

The dispensary has moved from the Medical Officer's house to new quarters at No. 24 Nathan Road, on the 15th September. The new premises are commodious and have proved themselves very suitable.

It is again satisfactory to note that the Chinese aversion to Western medicine is becoming very steadily less marked. Whereas last year about one-third of the patients attending were Chinese, their numbers, this year, constitute well over a half of our total.

The figures for the year show a large increase over those of the previous years. The total cases treated number 9,406 as compared with 7,003 and 5,353 in 1916 and 1915. In addition 197 physical examinations were carried out, and 3,249 performed at the dispensary, making a grand total of 12,852 as compared with a total of 12,726 in 1916, the latter figures however include 5,522 vaccinations.

The number of prescriptions dispensed shows an increase of 56-5,390 as compared with 5,334 last year.

During the year 126 ambulance cases-European and Chinese -were removed to the hospitals in Victoria and 66 Chinese cases to the Kwong Wa Hospital.

M 54

TABLE OF CASES TREATED AT KOWLOON DISPENSARY.

DISEASES.

YEARLY TOTAL.

Admis- Deaths.

sions.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Small-pox,

2

Chicken-pox,..

Measles,.....

Whooping Cough,

2

Influenza,

157

Mumps,

13

Enteric Fever,

1

Sprue,

1

Dysentery,

28

Malaria :-

(b) Simple Tertian,

144

(c) Malignant,

262

Malarial Cachexia,

Beri-beri,.....

Tuberculosis

(a) Glands,

(b) Skin,

84

121

4

(c) Lung,

197

Leprosy,

3

...

Syphilis :-

(a) Primary,.

56

...

(b) Secondary,

2

(c) Tertiary,

3

(d) Inherited,

129

Gonorrhoea,

353

Alcoholism,

Rheumatism,.

3

172

**

Gout,

Anæmia,

Debility,

34

82

168

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System :-

Sub-section I :—

Neuritis,...

26

Sub-section II

Neuralgia,

48

Hysteria,

5

Carried forward,

2,109

:

A

M 55

TABLE OF CASES TREATED AT KOWLOON DISPENSARY,

DISEASES.

Brought forward,

LOCAL DISEASES, Continued.

Diseases of the Nervous System,— Continued.

Sub-section III :-

Melancholia,.

Dementia,

Continued.

YEARLY TOTAL.

Admis-

Deaths.

sions.

2,109

Diseases of the Eye,

806

}:

""

Ear,

300

Nose,

11

25

15

Circulatory System,

19

""

Respiratory System,

950

39

""

Digestive System,

1,212

>>

Lymphatic System,

43

59

Urinary System,

34

"

Male Organs,....

"

"}

Generative System,

Female Organs,..

21

34

Organs of Locomotion,

74

}

Cellular Tissue,

Skin,

Injuries :-

General,.

Local,

Malformatious,

Poisons:

521

1,768

7

1,048

1

Opium Poisoning,

1

Dog Bite,

90

Scabies,

117

Parasites :---

Ascaris Lumbricoides,

89

Pediculi Vestimentorum,

1

Effects of Heat,

141

Pregnancy,

5

Physical Examination,

197

Electric Shock.............

1

Total,.....

9,603

+

:

.

M 56

Annexe J.

Number of Confinements attended by Government Midwives in 1917.

1917. Shanki Yaumati. Tai Po. Yun

Tsun

Total.

}}}}}.

Long,

Wan.

January,

29

17

February,

21

17

March,

17

15

775

April,

29

17

May,

19

17

June,

21

16

July,

25

18

August,

23

19

September,

19

18

October,

29

19

November,.

24

22

December,

33

16

229

- 2 2 ∞

121131df

1

1

1 00 00 - GO

38

2888

52

40

53

40

38

KHNIN |

19

1

46

2

41

52

52

52

Total, ... 289

211

17

14

22

553

T

M 57

Annexe K.

TUNG WA HOSPITAL.

REPORT BY DR. C. W. MCKENNY, Visiting Medical Officer.

The Chairman (Mr. Wong Pik-chuen) and the Directors have conducted the affairs of this institution satisfactorily during the past year.

Buildings and Equipment. The buildings have been suitably maintained during the year and have been, in their entirety, repainted. Some minor structural alterations and repairs have been executed.

Staff-Dr. G. H. Thomas has again performed the duties of Resident Medical Officer. His work has been especially praise- worthy as, during the later months of the year, he did not have an assistant House Surgeon to relieve him. It is hoped that this state of affairs will soon be remedied.

University Students (Medical Clinic).-During the year, as heretofore, students have attended for lectures, case-taking, and anaesthetic work in this hospital.

The following figures express the comparative results of Eastern and Western treatment. It should be understood that all cases admitted are diagnosed by a staff trained in European methods and the diagnosis is then confirmed or rejected by the Visiting Medical Officer. It is then quite open to the patient to choose whichever of the two forms of treatment he may desire. The methods of Eastern medicine are not interfered with provided they do not endanger public health and sanitation. To the credit of the Eastern practitioner it must be stated that he frequently refuses to treat conditions in which be believes Western methods to be more successful.

The total number of in-patients were divided thus :-

Cases treated by native methods :—

Original choice,

Transferred from Western treatment,

3,062

...

213

3,275 872

Less transferred to Western treatment,

Total,...

2,103

;

M 58

Cases treated by Western methods :-

Original choice,

Transferred from native treatment,

2.290

872

3,162

Less transferred to native treatment,

213

Total,

...

2,949

As the total number of cases treated was 5,352, it will be seen that of this number 551 % were under European and 449 % under Eastern treatment. Last year the figures were respectivly 50·7% and 49.3 %. This is the largest percentage of European treatment that has yet been attained and is a definite improvement on the figures for 1915 (523 % European treatment) which had constituted a record.

Death-rutes.

Deaths under native treatment,

>>

Western treatment,...

...1,06444.2 % 391=13.2%

These rates can hardly be looked upon as accurately repre- senting the mortality in the hospital as they include 598 moribund cases which were distributed as follows:

Native treatment,...

Western treatment,

...196 ...102

If these be deducted we may consider the following as

accurate :

Native treatment 1,907 cases with 568 deaths=297 % mortality. Western

"

2,847

""

289

=10·1%

>>

In the appended Tables a comparison of the results in treatment is shown :-

A.-Diseases for which there is a specific remedy :-

Western.

Eastern.

No. of

Death-rate No. of

Death-rate

Disense.

cases.

percentage.

cases.

percentage.

Diphtheria,

2

0.0%

8

100 %

Malaria,

160

15.6%

143

53.8%

Syphilis,

73

5.1%

44

36.3%

B.-Diseases for which, at present, there is no specific remedy :-

Lobar pneumonia,

93

23.6%

84

48.8%

Beri-beri,

432

23.6%

394

48.9%

Typhoid fever,

22

27.2%

18

90·3%

Pulmonary phthisis,

181

41.9%

221

64.7%

M 59

These figures are fairly constant from year to year.

It will be seen that the superiority of Western over Eastern medicine, as judged by mortality is as 9:1 where there is a specific remedy and as 2:1 where such has not been evolved.

OUT-PATIENT DEPARTMENT.

!

Native treatment (new and old cases),

Western

(

116,971

20,023

It will be seen that of the total (136,994) 854% received Eastern and 14-6% Western remedies. This compares with 864% and 13-6% in 1916. This ratio shows little variation from year to year and will probably remain constant till the Western-trained staff is increased in numbers.

REMARKS ON SPECIAL DISEASES.

Beri-beri.-In all 826 cases were treated with 291 deaths, i.e., 35 2%. In 1916 there were 706 cases with 37.8% mortality. In 1915 the figures were 685 and 28·1%.

It is to be noted that more careful examination of the patients in the wards of the medical clinic frequently revealed the fact that in addition to the disease for which the patient had been admit- ted he was also suffering from beri-beri.

Such additions would probably bring the total up to 1,000.

It may, therefore, be said that some 20% of all patients in hospital were suffering from beri-beri.

The number of cases of this disease is increasing and must be considered as easily the most important cause of physical disability among the poorer class of natives.

It has a lower mortality than phthisis but probably causes more general harm than that malady."

Malaria.-There were 303 cases treated with 102 deaths i.e.. 33.6%. In 1916 there were 311 cases with 32.8% mortality.

The following were the various types as differentiated by microscopic examination :--

Malignant,.

Benign tertian,

Quartan,

Malarial cachexia............

257 cases with 94 deaths.

10

>>

2

34

""

0

>>

The usual routine as to treatment was observed.

M 60

Plague.-19 cases with 19 deaths were recorded. There were 10 cases with 9 deaths in 1916.

Diseases of Central Nervous System.-293 such cases were ad- mitted but it is of interest to note the extremely rare occurrence of locomotor ataxia and general paralysis of the insane. It is generally admitted that these diseases are the result of syphilis but here we have the curious fact that syphilis is a common disease among our patients and does attack the central nervous system but not as either of the above diseases except in a fractional percent- age of cases.

OBSTETRICAL DEPARTMENT.

Cases of normal labour,.

257

abnormal

32

""

Total,

289

The increase in this department is very marked.

It is as follows :་

1914.

1915,

1916,

1917,

All cases are treated by Western methods.

1. GENERAL COMPARATIVE STATISTICS.

87

172

212

289

1917.

1916.

Cases remaining in hospital at end of

previous year, ...

263

232

Admissions,

5,089

5,248

Deaths,

1,455

1,433

Discharged,

3,664

3.784

Remaining at end of year,

233

263

Cases transferred to Civil Hospital,

84

93

Males treated,

4,263

3.822

Females treated,

1,217

974

Cases brought in dead,

1,436

1,659

Bodies sent to Public Mortuary,

571

724

Free burials,

Destitutes sheltered,

Vaccinations,

4,343

4,411

:

1,115

745

6,645

4,908

:

M 61

2.-CLASSIFICATION OF GENERAL OPERATIONS,

Amputations:-

Upper extremity,

Lower extremity,

1༢༣

New Growths :—

Malignant glands,...... Epithelioma, ... Carcinoma of breast, Adenoma of breast,

Mixed parotid tumours, Verruca,...

Sebaceous cysts,

Lipoma,

Fibroma,...

Condyloma of anus and vulva,

:

13

4

SNA B1020 – 1910 25

G

Digestive System :-----

Alveolar abscess and pyorrhea,

Liver abscess,

3

1 death.

Inguinal hernia,

17

Appendix abscess,.

3

1 death.

Hæmorrhoids,

Rectal stricture,

Fistula-in-ano and ischio-rectal abscess,

11

Intussusception,

1

Respiratory System :-

Nasal polypi, ...

Empyema,

Genito-Urinary System :-

Phimosis,

Hydrocele, radical,

Urethral calculus,

Vesical calculus, suprapubie,

Carcinoma of bladder, cystotomy and

1

1.

DO NO

drainage,

1

Urethral stricture,

Ovarian cyst,

Uterine polypi,

Hysterectomy for rupture of uterus,

1 death.

Caesarian section for obstructed labour,

1

Perineorrhaphy,

8

Osseous System :-

Osteomyelitis,

Necrosis of jaw,

6 13

Carried forward,...

160

3 deaths.

- M 62

Brought forward,.......

160

3 deaths.

Hamopoietic System:---

Tuberculous glands,

Splenectomy,...

Plastic operations,......

Ingrowing toe-nail,

Removal of foreign bodies,

Intravenous injection of Salvarsan,

7

1

1 death.

4

6

11

Abscesses, cellulitis, sinuses, fractures,

adhesions, etc., treated under

general anesthesia,

Total,...

OPHTHALMIC DEPARTMENT.

New Cases,

Old Cases,

Total,

CLASSIFICATION OF NEW CASES.

Diseases of the Conjunctiva :--

Trachoma,

Phlyctenular conjunctivitis,

Conjunctivitis,

Pterygium,

Gonorrhoeal Ophthalmia,

Diseases of the Cornea :-

Corneal opacities,

Corneal ulcers,

Keratitis,

Conical cornea,

Facetting of the cornea, Staphyloma, .......

Diseases of the Uveal Tract:

Iritis and irido-eyelitis,

:

46

238

4 deaths.

2,098

1,012

3,110

1,136

52

19

32

28

196

172

34

104

Diseases of the Lens :--

Cataract,

46

Diseases of the Eyelids :-

Entropion and trichiasis,

87

Meibomian cyst,

3

Blepharitis, ...

28

Foreign body in eye,

11

Carried forward,...

1,959

}

,---B4N - ༥ "ai

M 63

Brought forward,...

1,959

Diseases of the Eyeball :--

Phthisis bulbi,

Glaucoma,

Diseases of the Choroid, Retina, and Optic

Nerve,

Errors of refraction,

Total,...

16

20

18

103

2.098

3.--CLASSIFICATION OF EYE OPERATIONS.

Iridectomy and Iridotomy,

39

Cataract,

21

Pterygium,

8

Glaucoma--Sclero-corneal trephining,

7

Entropion,

46

Enucleation of eyeball,

3

Total,...

124

4.-CLASSIFICATION OF LABOUR CASES.

Natural Delivery,

257

Delayed labour requiring forceps delivery, Transverse presentation--assistance re-

17

quired,...

Breech presentation-assistance required, Twins-assistance required,

Retained placenta-assistance required,. Eclampsia assistance required, Placenta Previa-assistance required, Obstructed Labour-Rupture of uterus-

Do.,

1

1

1 death.

Cesarian section,...

1

Total,...

289 with 1 death.

SURGICAL DEPARTMENT.

The progress of last year has been maintained but no advance in numbers has been made.

There were 238 general operations with 4 deaths, ie., 17% mortality.

This compares with 244 and 2·8% in 1916.

EYE DEPARTMENT.

This has been as in past years under the care of Dr. Harston.

TABLES.

I append two tabular statements.

M 64

Table I.

Diseases and Deaths in 1917 at the Tung Wa Hospital.

Remain- ing in

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

DISEASES.

Hospital

Cases

ing in Hospital

at end of 1916.

Admis-

Deaths.

Treated, at end of

sions.

1917.

GENERAL DISEASES,

Chicken-pox,

Measles,

Mumps,

Lobar Pneumonia,

Diphtheria,

Typhoid Fever,

Febricula,

Erysipelas,

Pyæmia,

Septicæmia,

Tetanus,

Small-pox, (Moribund),

Plague,

Dysentery,

Beri-beri,

Leprosy,

Malarial Fever:-

(a) Quartau,

(6) Benign Tertian,. (c) Malignant,

(4) Malarial Cachexia,

Syphilis:-

Acquired,

Tuberculosis:-

(4) Phthisis Pulmonalis, (b) Generalised,

Gonorrhoea,

Rheumatism,

New Growths :

(a) Non-malignant,

(b) Malignant,...

Anaemia,

Senile Debility,

LOCAL DISEASES.

172

ོ་ཚ ི ༠༥༠ ➢

2

63

177

10

34

53

7

:

7

3

2

2

25

24

25

29

27

29

11

11

19

19

19

181

43

783

880

55

189

6

291

826

38

1

2

10

10

2

255

94

257

9

3

31

8

31

117

:

24

978

91

36

42

སྶཾ ལླཱིསི; :

117

3

219

402

19

25

91

38

42

5

18

18

14

115

49

129

1

I.-Organic.

Diseases of the Nervous System:

Diseases of Nerves, Meninges,

Brain and Cord,

21

275

83

296

28

II. Functional.

Epilepsy,

3

3

...

Curried forward,

122

2,685

1,037

2,807

118

£

J

M 65-

Table 1,-(Continued).*

Diseases and Deaths in 1917 at the Tung Wa Hospital.

Remain- ing in

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Totul

DISEASES.

Hospital

Cases

ing in Hospital

at end of

Admis Deaths.

Treated. at end of

1916,

sions.

1917.

Brought forward,..

122

2,685

1,087

2,807

118

LOCAL DISEASES,—Continued.

Mental Diseases,

Diseases of the Eye,

13

166

Diseases of the Ear, Nose, and Throat.

Diseases of the Circulatory System :

(a) Diseases of the Heart,

(b)

"

Arteries,

Diseases of the Respiratory System:- (a) Diseases of the Bronchi,

(b) (c)

"

**

,,

Pleuræ,

Lungs,

Diseases of the Digestive System:-

(a) Diseases of the gastro-intestin-

al tract,

(b) Diseases of the Liver, and

(c)

22

>>

Biliary pass-

ages,

5

101

4

179

16

2

5

Ge

29

:

24

329

1!4

353

310

64

318

17

4

20

1

21

340

149

361

B

Urinary pass-

ages,

:

3

1

8

1

11

11

2

1

:

Diseases of the Urinary System: -

(a) Diseases of the Kidney,

(b)

""

Diseases of the Lymphatic System:-

(a) Spleen,

(6) Lymphatic Glands,

Diseases of the Thyroid Gland,

Diseases of the Generative System :-

(a) Male,

(b) Female,

Diseases of the Bones and Joints,

the Cellular Tissue,

,,

the Skin,

Injuries,

Effects of heat or cold,

1

1

32

364

56

396

19

10

10

1

16

398

414

12

20

20

Poisons:

(a) Acute Poisoning,

(b) Opium Habit,

14

92

~2

32

106

ཨ་ྲ

2

Parasites :---

(a) Intestinal,

14

14

(6) Filaria,

2

2

Labour,......

10

279

289

6

Diseases connected with Childbirth :-

Abortion,

1

Total,......

263

5.089

1,455

5,352

233

M 66

Table II.

Showing the Admissions and Mortality in the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1917, with the proportion of cases treated by Western and Chinese methods respectively.

WESTERN TREATMENT.

CHINESE TREATMENT.

DISEASES.

Admis- sions.

Admis-

Deaths.

Deaths.

sions.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Chicken-pox,

Measles,

2

Mumps,

Lobar Pneumonia,

93

22

84

41

Diphtheria,

8

Typhoid Fever,

22

6

3

28

Febricula,

3

Erysipelas,

2

Pyæmia,

2

Septicemia,.

6

19

19

Tetanus,

11

9

18

18

Small-pox, (Moribund),..

11

11

Plague,

Dysentery,

Beri-beri,

88

12

432

98

Leprosy,

228-

17

17

101

43

394

193

:

Malarial Fever: —

(a) Quartan,

1

(b) Benign Tertian,

4

6

(c) Malignant,

134

23

123

71

(d) Malarial Cachexia,

21

13

6

Syphilis :-

Acquired,

73

14

16

Tuberculosis :--

(a) Phthisis Pulmonalis,

181

76

221

143

(b) Generalised,

32

6

59

19

Gonorrhoea,

31

7

19

23

Rheumatism,

New Growths:

(a) Non-malignant,

(b) Malignant,

Anæmia,

Senile Debility,

10

56

12

73

So on co

2

37

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System :--

I.-Organic.

Diseases of Nerves, Meninges, Brain

and Cord,

139

21

157

62

72223

II. Functional.

Epilepsy,.

1

Carried forward,

1,374

301

1,433

736

M 67

Table II,-(Continued).

Showing the Admissions and Mortality in the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1917, with the proportion of cases treated by European and Chinese methods respectively.

WESTERN TREATMENT.

CHINESE TREATMENT.

DISEASES.

· Admis- ¦

Admis-

Deaths.

Deaths.

sions.

sions.

Brought forward,

LOCAL DISEASES,- Continued.

Mental Diseases,.

Diseases of the Eye,

Diseases of the Ear, Nose, and Throat,

Diseases of the Circulatory System :- (a) Diseases of the Heart,..........

(b)

""

Arteries,

Diseases of the Respiratory System :-

(a) Diseases of the Bronchi,

(b)

>>

(c)

"

Pleura, Lungs,......

1,374

301

1,433

736

179

2

3

1

:

2

172

31

181

83

143

12

175

42

12

}

8

co

3

225

:

28

198

121

:

Diseases of the Digestive System :-

(a) Diseases of the gastro-intestinal tract,

(b)

(c)

""

"

Discases of the Urinary System :-

Liver,

and

Biliary passages,

163

Urinary passages,

3

(a) Diseases of the Kidney,

(b)

"

22

Diseases of the Lymphatic System :-

(a) Spleen,

(6) Lymphatic Glands,

Diseases of the Thyroid Gland,

Discases of the Generative System:

(a) Male,...........

(b) Female,....

Diseases of the Bones and Joints,

7

the Cellular Tissue,

"y

the Skin,

5"

Injuries,

Effects of heat or cold,

Poisons:-

(a) Aente Poisoning,.

(b) Opium Habit,

Parasites:-

(a) Intestinal,...............

(b) Filaria,

Labour,

Disenses connected with Childbirth :—

Abortion,

Total.......

282

9

201

13

2

49

༢༥.༠༠ ༡

289

:

♡ -

42

3

2

114

49

}

213

00

3

7

1

57

26

2

2,949

391 2.403

1,064

1

M 68

KWONG WA HOSPITAL, YAUMATI

(Affiliated to the Tring Wa Hospital.)

No. of Patients remaining at end of 1916,

No. of Patients admitted during 1917,

No. of Deaths during 1917,

120

2,388

697

Annexe L.

ALICE MEMORIAL AND AFFILIATED HOSPITALS, 1917.

Remaining

at end of Admitted. Died.

1916.

Alice Memorial Hospital,

+

113

2

Ho Miu Ling Hospital,

14

401

13

Nethersole Hospital,

27

503

35

Alice Memorial Maternity Hospital,

9

653

Total,.....

54

1.670

54

M 69

Annexe M.

BACTERIOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.

REPORT BY THE GOVERNMENT BACTERIOLOGIST,

THE PREPARATION OF CALF LYMPH.

Thirty-nine calves were inoculated (17 in 1916). The total number of tubes of lymph issued was 19,726 (23,167 in 1916). The value of the lymph according to Government Notification No. 380 of 1910 was $8,020.80 ($8,680.50 in 1916).

ROUTINE EXAMINATIONS.

Under this heading are grouped the various examinations of materials sent in. The number was 87,908 as compared with 91,842 in 1916, of which 86,114 were the examination of rats for plague :-

New Growths, -Examination by section............. Widal's Reaction for the bacillus typhosus,....

164

366

Examination by culture for bacillus diphtheria,

paratyphoid B,

366

72

vibro cholera.......

typhoid carriers....

Microscopical examination for malaria parasites and

differential count of

leucocytes,

111

spirochata

pallida

by dark

ground

condenser,

of stools for eggs,

31

29

23

sputum for tubercle

bacillus...

177

urine for tubercle

2

""

bacillus,

1

23

">

39

urine for casts,

2

for

:

>>

gonococcus,

filaria,...

>

**

bacillus of leprosy,

plague,

1

Rideal Walker estimation for disinfectants,.

Bacteriological examination of water, Wassermann's syphilis reaction,....

3

72

351

Preparation of autogenous vaccines,

Carried forward,...... 1,752

M 70

Brought forward........

Medico-legal examination of clothing, knives, etc.,

for blood, (Precipitive Test),

1,752

36

Examination of rats for plague,.

Miscellaneous,

86,114 6

Total.............

87,908

EXAMINATION OF RATS.

23 were

The results are given in Table I. The total number of rats examined was 86,114 as compared with 90,261 in 1916. found to be plague-infected (48 in 1916).

BACTERIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF WAter.

The three chief water supplies of the Colony (Kowloon, Tytam and Pokfulum) were examined quarterly and the results are given in Tables II, III, and IV.

In every case the sample was taken at its source, ie., either directly before or directly after filtration.

The methods used in carrying out the examinations were the same as those described in my "Report on an Investigation of the Pokfulum Water Supply" (No. 20 of 1911).

-

M 71

Table I.

The Examination (post-mortem) of Rats.

Month.

Total. Male. Female.

Plague Preg- infected

nant.

Strychnine

poison.

Newly born and

not classified.

i

January,

|

7,551 3,736 3,815

1

443

631

157

February,

7,283 3,614

3,669

494

283

152

March,

7,949 3,945 4,004

575

254

168

April,

6,344 3,146 3,198

433

131

May,

6,738 3,339 3,399 14

516

46

148

June,

6,499 3,231 3,258

:

458

236

144

July,

7,391 3,626 3,765

536

192

August,..

September,

October,

November,

7,241 3,564

7,036 3,412

3,677

1

540

156

3,624

580

7,476 | 3,762 3.714

612

:

:

:

150

161

7,262 3,553 3,709

576

154

December,

7,351 3,587 3,767

599

153

Total, 86,114 42,515 43,599

23 6,362

1,150

1,866

Table II.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Kowloon Water Supply for the year 1917.

Rate Total Colo-

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

Salt Peptone Water.

nies on

of

Presence of the Coli Group,

Sample.

Date.

Agar in 1 cc

Filtra-

jat 37°C. for

tiou.

24 hours. cc.

| cc. 2 cc.

5 ee.

10 cc. 20 cc. | 50 cc.

M 72 -

Unfiltered,

9-1-17.

40

Filtered,

9-1-17.

463

18

Unfiltered,

11-1-17.

15

Filtered,

11-1-17. 474

2

Unfiltered,

13-1-17.

15

Filtered,

13-1-17.

483

10

Unfiltered,

17-4-17.

45

Filtered,

17-4-17.

318

20

Unfiltered,

19-4-17.

40

Filtered,

19-4-17. 387

10

Unfiltered,

21-4-17.

40

Filtered,

21-4-17. 339

10

Unfiltered,

10-7-17.

150

Filtered,

10-7-17. 367

20

Unfiltered, 12-7-17.

70

Filtered,

12-7-17. 358

10

Unfiltered, 14-7-17.

120

Filtered,

14-7-17. 352

15

Unfiltered,

2-10-17.

40

Filtered,

2-10-17.

376

15

Unfiltered,

4-10-17.

55

Filtered,

4-10-17. 376

10

Unfiltered, 6-10-17.

40

Filtered,

6-10-17. 376

+ ¦ ¦ ¦ + [+1 +1 +1

+ 1 + 1 + 1 + + +│!

!+ !+ !+ ¦ + ¦ ¦ + + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 1.

+1 +1 +1 +++ 1 + 1 + + + 1 +++ i + 1 + 1

+++++

All samples taken either immediately before or immediately after filtration,

! + 1 + + +

Group III in 20 ccs.

Group IV in 50 ces.

Group III in 20 ces,

Negative up to 50 ees.

Groups III & IV in 20 ces.

Group III in 50 ces. Groups II & III in 1 cc.

Group III in 20 ces. Group III in 1 cc. Group III in 50 ces. Group III in 2 ces. Group III in 50 ces. Groups III & IV in 1 ce. Group III in 5 ces. Group III in 20 ces. Group III in 50 ces.

Group III in 1 cc.

Negative in 50 ces. Group III in 10 ces. Group III in 50 ees. Group III in 10 ces. Negative in 50 ees. Group III in 10 ees.

Negative in 50 ces.

The rate of filtration is given by the

Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli Group is that of MacConkey,

+

Acid and Gas

ཨཱི ད མ Acid only;

No change.

Table III.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Tytam Water Supply for the year 1917.

Rate Total Colo-

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile.

Salt Peptone Water.

nies on

of

Presence of the Coli Group.

Sample.

Date.

Agar in 1 ce

Filtra-

jat 37°C. for

tion.

24 hours. To cc.

1 ce.

2 ee.

5 cc. 10 ce. 20 cc.¦ 50 cc.

M 73 -

Unfiltered,

Filtered,

8-1-17.

60

8-1-17. 700

10

Unfiltered,

10-1-17.

10

Filtered,

10-1-17. 633

Unfiltered,

12-1-17.

20

Filtered,

12-1-17. 481

10

Unfiltered,

16-4-17.

60

Filtered,

16-4-17. 563

20

Unfiltered,

18-4-17.

45

Filtered,

18-4-17.

743

Unfiltered,

20-4-17.

Filtered,

20-4-17. 701

Unfiltered,

9-7-17.

70

Filtered,

9-7-17.

760

20

Unfiltered,

11-7-17.

40

Filtered,

11-7-17. 660

25

Unfiltered, 13-7-17.

Filtered,

13-7-17. 782

20

Unfiltered,

1-10-17.

60

Filtered,

1-10-17. 770

15

Unfiltered, 3-10-17.

45

Filtered,

3-10-17.

15

Unfiltered,

5-10-17.

.55

Filtered,

5-10-17.

700

10

+1 +1 + 1 + 1 + 1 +

+1 +1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 +++ 1 + ¦ + !+1

││+1 +1 +1 +1 + + + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1

i

+1 +1 + !++

+++

All samples taken either immediately before or immediately after filtration.

Groups II & III in 10 ees.

Group III in 50 ces. Group III in 20 ces.

Group III in 50 ces. Groups II & III in

10 ces.

Group III in 50 ces.

Groups I & IV in 4

cc.

Group I in 20 ces.

Group I in do cc.

Group I in 20 ces.

Groups III & IV in 1 ee. Group III in 20 ces. Group IV in 2 ces.

Groups III & IV in 20 ees. Group III in 1 cc. Group III in 5 ees. Group III in 5 ces. Group III in 20 ces. Group IV in 2 ees. Group IV in 20 ces. Group IV in 5 ees. Group IV in 20 ces

Groups III & IV in 5 ces.

Group IV in 50 ees.

The rate of filtration is given by the Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli Group is that of MacConkey, Acid and Gas ;

+ =

....... Acid only;

No change.

Table IV.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Fohfulum Water Supply for the year 1917.

Rate Total Colo-

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

Salt Peptone Water.

of

nies on

Presence of the Coli Group.

Sample.

Date.

Agarinlec

Filtra-

tion.

at 37° C. for

24 hours. To cc.

CC.

2 cc.

5 cc.

10 cc. 20 cc. | 50 cc.

Group III in 20 ces.

M 74 -

Unfiltered,

Filtered,

8-1-17.

8-1-17. 300

30

Unfiltered,

10-1-17.

Filtered,

10-1-17. 294

ོགླ༠༢༢

40

5

2

Unfiltered,

12-1-17.

10

Filtered,... 12-1-17. 294

Unfiltered, 16-4-17.

50

Filtered,

16-4-17. 500

40

Unfiltered,

18-4-17.

35

Filtered,

18-4-17. 546

10

Unfiltered,

21-4-17.

45

Filtered,

21-4-17. 358

15

Unfiltered,

9-7-17.

95

Filtered,

9-7-17.

500

10

Unfiltered,

11-7-17.

60

Filtered,

11-7-17. 550

30

Unfiltered,

13-7-17.

40

Filtered,

13-7-17. 375

5

Unfiltered,

1-10-17.

80

Filtered,

1-10-17.

500

20

Unfiltered,

3-10-17.

70

Filtered,

3-10-17.

600

10

Unfiltered,

Filtered,

5-10-17.

85

5-10-17,

10

་་་

++│││! ! + !+ ! | | +

| 1++ || + 1 + 1 + ] } ]+|+|+|

1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 +++111]

│+++ | + | + | + | + ! + 1 + 1 + 1

[ + ] + 1 + !+++ !+ ! + + + + + 1 + 1 ! 1 +

++11 +

1++

Group III in 50 ces. Negative up to 50 ces. Negative up to 50 ces. Group III in 20 ces. Group III in 50 ccs. Group III in 1 cc. Group III in 2 ces. Group III in 5 ces. Group III in 20 ees. Groups III & IV in 1 ce. Group III in 50 ces. Groups III & IV in 1 cc. Group IV in 50 ces. Group III in 2 ccs.

Group III in 20 ces.

Group III in 5 ces.

Negative up to 50 ces.

Groups III & IV in 1 cc. Group III in 50 ces. Group III in 1 cc. Group III in 50 ces. Group III in 2 ccs. Group III in 50 ces.

All samples taken either immediately before or immediately after filtration. The rate of filtration is given by the Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli Group is that of MacConkey,

+

Acid and Gas ; 1

===

Acid only;

== No change.

M 75

Annexe N.

PUBLIC MORTUARY, VICTORIA.

REPORT BY THE GOVERNMENT BACTERIOLOGIST.

Report on Post Mortems.

1917 1916.

Male bodies.examined,...

1,554 1,848

Female bodies examined,

1,640 1,859

Total,...

3,194 3,707

Claimed bodies sent from hospital and other places, 2,549 2,712 Unclaimed bodies mostly abandoned,

Total,...

645

995

3.194 3.707

Epitome of Causes of Death.

I.-General Diseases,...

II.-Local Diseases :-

--

(a) of the Nervous System,

(b) Of the Circulatory System,

(c) Of the Respiratory System,

(d) Of the Digestive System,

(e) Of the Genito-Urinary System.........

Of the Osseous System,

III.-Deaths from Violence,...

Total,...

:

:

1917. 1916.

1,778 2,106

9

11

73

89

774

888

464

505

24

18

1

1

71

89

3,194 3,707

1

General Diseases.

1917. 1916.

Small-pox,

245 351

Plague,

Cholera,

Beri-beri,

65

73

Leprosy,

L

4

Malaria,

102

111

Septicæmia,

52

25

Puerperal fever,

1

1

Diphtheria,

15

30

Typhoid fever,

99

49

Measles.

12

General tuberculosis,.

58

188

Prematurity,

173

190

Cardiac failure,

Marasmic condition,

440

422

M 76

(b.) Of the Circulatory System :-

1917. 1916.

Acute fibrinous pericarditis, B Chronic pericarditis, ...

Acute endocarditis,

Arterio-sclerosis,

Rupture of aneurism of

aorta,

Aneurism of thoracic aorta,

Atheroma of coronary arteries,

.་

aorta,

Syphilitic aortitis,

Fatty degeneration of heart, Valvular disease of heart.

Congenital heart disease,

Pseudo-leukæmia infantum.

I

10

14

==

11

B

1

3

42

Gangrene of legs,

Anencephala,

Total.

89

Syphilis,

251

296

Still-born,

94

Atelectasis,

70

Acute pemphigus,

Icterus neonatorum,

33

19

Status lymphaticus,

(8.) Of the Respiratory System —

Broncho-pneumonia and

1917. 1916.

Senile decay,

bronchitis,

475 549

Noma,

4

Tuberculous broncho-

Chronic morphia habit,

1

pneumonia,

14

6

Ascariasis,

1

Lobar pneumonia,..

54

62

Skeleton, (no diagnosis

Chronic interstitial pneumonia, 9

possible),...

Natural causes,

Syphilitic pneumonia.

1

Purulent pleurisy,...

1

Decomposed bodies, (no

Acute fibrinous pleurisy,

108

87

diagnosis possible),

130 150

Tuberculous pleurisy,

Chronic

1

09 10

Total,

..1,778 2,106

Pleurisy with effussion,

Pulmonary infarction,

11

tuberculosis,

Local Diseases.

Abscess of lung,

1

1

Miliary tuberculosis of

(a.) Of the Nervous System :---

lung,

13

49

1917. 1916.

culous lung,

Intra-cranial hæmorrhage,...

2

Gangrene of lung,

Meningitis,.

3

Hæmorrhage from tuber-

Anthracosis of lung,

1

Tuberculous meningitis,

1.

Empyema,

Cerebral hæmorrhage,

2

Emphysema,

abscess,

Acute phthisis,

37

Concussion of brain,

1

Chronic

43

49

Convulsion.

Mediastinal neoplasm,

Hydrocephalus,

10

(lympho sarcoma).

1

Total,

9

11

Total,

774

888

(d.) Of the Digestive System :

M 77

Injuries (Death from Violence)--

(a.) General:-

Tabes mesenterica....

Acute peritonitis,

Septic peritonitis,

Tuberculous peritonitis.

Acute gastro-enteritis,

Acute enteritis,

Cancer of liver,

""

stomach,...

Polylobular cirrhosis of liver,

1917.

1916.

36

59

12 29

15

13

Multiple injuries. Asphyxia,

319

292

10/20

>>

by earth,

by water, by hanging.

Opium poisoning. ..... Gelsenium poisoning. Carbonic oxide poisoning. Burns and scalds,... Crushed chest,

Electrocution.

Biliary cirrhosis of liver,

15

Pyænic abscess of liver,

Diarrhoea,

18

35

Dysentery,

6

18

Shock,

Infarction of intestine,

I

Tubercle

27

38

Suppurative cholangitis,

Acute intestinal obstruction,

1

Strangulated inguineal

hernia,

Gangrenous intussusception,

Total,

464

505

(e.) Of the Genito-Urinary System : --

Acute nephritis.

Sub-acute nephritis,

Chronic nephritis,

Tuberculous nephritis,

Sarcoma of kidney,...

Cancer of uterus.

Granular contracting kidney,

Post-partum hæmorrhage.

Placenta prævia,

Hæmorrhage following rup- ture of an extra uterine

gestation,

Hæmorrhage following

abortion,

varian cyst,

Total,

1917. 1916.

I.

2

1

9

N

1917. 1916.

-NTOLON

14

4

22

Total,

37 66

(b.) Local :--

1917. 1916.

Bullet wound of brain,

and stomach.

heart,

liver

aorta.

I

I

lung.

Elæmorrhage following bullet

wound,

Stab wound in heart,

Rupture of heart,

1

1

spleen,...

Fracture of skull,

19

6

liver,

1

17

I

24

18

(f.) Of the Osseous System :

Moid suppuratiou in,

1917. 1916.

bercle of spine,

Total,

spleen, and leg,

Fracture of skull, liver, and

4 ribs,...

Fracture of skull, pelvis. and

legs.

Fracture of cervical verte-

bræ.

Fracture of spine, ...

Hæmorrhage over surface

of brain,

Hæmorrhage following

fracture of liver,

Hæmorrhage following

wound in neck, Hæmorrhage following incised wound,

Total,

1

34

23

Chinese,

Japanese,

Nationality of Bodies.

British,

Indian,

Portuguese,

Malay,

M 78

1917. 1916.

3,185 3,687

Nationality of Bodies.-Contd.

>

1917. 1916.

Brought forward, ...3,191 3,702

Dane, American, Scotch, Annamite.

2

-

Total,

1.394 3,707

Carried forward, ...3,191 3,702

Total plague cases,

O unclaimed.

4 claimed.

Total small-pox cases,

245

213 unclaimed.

Number of bodies sent to Mortuary (Victoria) during 1917.

Victoria.

Harbour.

Chinese,

3,185 3,022 95

Japanese,

زن

British,

1

Scotch,.

2

Annamite,

Total,.

.3,194 3.027

99

:

Old Kowloon.

TO

00

New Kowloon.

32 claimed.

Shaukiwan.

Other Villages.

44

21

41

21

=

>

M 79

Annexe O.

PUBLIC MORTUARY, KOWLOON.

REPORT BY DR. J. T. SMALLEY, Medical Officer in Charge.

1. The total number of Post-mortem Examinations made during the year were 1,503 as compared with 1,278 last year and 980 in 1915.

2. During the year there were 5 cases of plague and 173 of small-pox as compared with 14 and 77 last year and 87 in 1915.

3. The nationalities of the bodies examined were :—

Chinese,

Indian,

Japanese,...

Total....

...

Epitome of the Causes of Death.

1-General Diseases,

IL-Local Diseases:

(a) Nervous System.

(b) Circulatory

(c) Respiratory

(d) Digestive

(e) Genito-Urinary System,

III.--Injuries :-

(a) General,

(b) Local,...

IV.-- Decomposed Bodies,

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1,501

1,503

1917. 1916.

537

461

7

1

9

10

424

380

267

167

23

17

27

22

18

23

191

197

1.503 1.278

M 80

(b.) Of the Circulatory Systém:

GENERAL DISEASES.

1917. 1916.

Percarditis,

1

1917. 1916. Aortic aneurism,

Fatty degeneration of heart,

3

Plague,

5

Small-pox,

154

14 | Valvular disease, (endocarditis), 6 77 | Pyo-pericardium,

7

L

Enteric fever,

38

45

Diphtheria,

14

12

9

10

Lobar pneumonia,

36

30

Cholera,

Measles,

19

(e.) Of the Respiratory System :-

Syphilis--congenital,

Dysentery,

9

1917. 1916.

Malaria,

34

43

Sub-diaphragmatic abscess.

I

Malarial cachexia,

II

Pulmonary tuberculosis,

29

38

General tuberculosis,

23

12

Empyema.

17

11

Beri-beri,

13

Pleurisy,

1

ز)

Septicemia,

Atelectasis pulmonum.

40

31

Marasmus,

31

25

Bronchitis,

162

106

Prematurity,

32

25 Fibroid lung,

Still-birth,

Senile decay,

Inanition,

Tetanus,

78

70

Broncho-pneumonia,

172

187

Gangrene of lung,

27

13 Pulmonary embolism.

Pneumothorax.

Icterus neonatorum,

19

Whooping cough,

16

424

380

Lardaceous disease,

Leprosy.

Anaemia,

LOCAL DISEASES.

537

461

(a.) Of the Nerrous System ---

Cerebral hæmorrhage, Convulsions,...

Hydrocephalus,

1917. 1916.

、、、. ..... .. ...

d.) Of the Digestive System:-

Carcinoma of duodenum,

Carcinoma of colon.........

Carcinoma of liver,

Cirrhosis of liver, Tabes mesenterica, Suppurative peritonitis, Enteritis,

Gastritis,

Acute jaundice,

Tubercular peritonitis,

Suppurative pylephlebitis, Hepatic abscess,

Ankylostomiasis,

1 Intestinal obstruction,

Colitis,

:

1917. 1916.

10

ཋ |

3

238

112

76 ༠༤2 2121

3

2

1

7

1

267

167

{

(e.) Of the Genito-Urinary System :—

Nephritis,

Child-birth,

Ruptured tubal gestation,

Post-partum hæmorrhage,

M 81

(b.) Local:-

1917. 1916.

1917. 1916.

18

15

Dislocation of neck,

2

Rapture of spleen,

3

Gunshot wound;

Fracture of skull,

12

11

Stab wound of heart,

23

17

cbest,

abdomen,

|—

3

2

INJURIES.

Rupture of bladder....

(u) General:

kidney,

1

liver,

I

Drowning,

Burns,

Asphyxia,

1917. 1916.

14

13

Fractured pelvis.

1

18

23

Multiple injuries.

Poisoning.

Hanging,

Electric shock,

Concussion,

1

27

22

DECOMPOSED, (no diagnosis

possible),

1917. 1916.

191

197

1917. 1916.

32 43

9 27

M 82

Annexe P.

ANALYST'S DEPARTMENT.

REPORT BY MR. E. R. DOVEY, A.R.C.Sc., Government Analyst.

The number of analyses performed during the year was 1,169 as against 1,062 in 1916.

The following classification shows the nature of the work done :-

I.--Chemico-legal.

Toxicological (including 25

stomachs),

Articles for stains,

VI.—Pharmacy Ordinance,-- Continued.

1917. 1916,

Cocaine,

0

Pills,

2

6

Other drugs,

9

Coins and coining materials,..

17

Articles for fire inquiry,

IL-Potable Waters,

0

FII-Mineralogical, etc.

Metals,

311

203

Ores,

167

223

Public supplies,

36

36

Coal,

10

14

Wells, etc.,

31

17

Lignite,

1

3

Mineral waters,

5

0

VIL-Oils.

III.-Dangerous Goods Ordinance.

Anise,

31

49

Petroleum oil,

70

84

Cassia,

13

19

Liquid fuel,

52

11

Wood,

82

13

Substances for explosives,

1

Ships for inflammable vapour,

18

ཱ:、。

Colza,

1

Peanut,

2

Linseed,

1

IV.--Food and Drugs Ordinance.

Coconut,

Bread,

9

6

Lubricating,

9

Brandy,

12

13

Tea,

10

Milk, fresh,

80

95

Cottonseed,

2

Milk, condensed,

2

Castor,

1

Whisky,

11

Transformer,

0

Port wine,

Tallow,

0

**OOONS

1

0

0

Chinese wine,

Beer,

IX. -Miscellaneous,

Pepper,

Coal tar disinfectants,

Rum,

Stone,

}、

2

Lard,

79

16

Urine,

Gin,

2

Sulphuric acid,

14

12

0

2

Macaroni,

1

Fertilisers,

Sherry,

2

Flour,

13

Writing paper,

Solutions,

Powders,..

Saltpetre,

Caustic soda,

Bleaching powder,. Chinese dye,

1

0

2

Cloth,

Soap,

9

Indigo,

0

Beeswax,

Salt,

Vinegar,

Cement,

Paint,

F-Building Materials.

VL-Pharmacy · Ordinance.

Medicines for poison,

Morphine,.....

HON-OSON-

()

0

0

LX.--Miscellaneous, -- Continued.

Cassia bark,

Ammonium sulphate,

M 83

Sodium tungstate,

Tungstie acid,

Soy,

Calenli,

Ink.... Kaolin,

LX.--Miscellaneous,--Continued.

Peanut butter.

1

Calcium carbide,

Tonic,

1

Deposit,

1

Other substances,

0

Total,.............. 1,169 1,062

TOXICOLOGICAL.

2. Among the chemico-legal investigations made during the year, were 28 cases of suspected human poisoning. The results are tabulated below:

Result of Analysis.

No poison found,

Opium present,

Morphine present,

Caustic Soda present,.

Sulphuric Acid present,

Antimony present,

Chlorodyne present,

Alcohol present,

Animal toxins present,

No. of Cases.

12

7

3

1

1

1

Total,... 28

WATERS.

3. The results of the analyses of, samples taken each month from the Pokfulum, Tytam, and Kowloon Reservoirs, show that these supplies continue to maintain their good quality. During the winter months especially, a remarkable degree of purity was found.

DANGEROUS GOODS ORDINANCE.

4. Of petroleum oil and liquid fuel, 122 samples were tested during the year. The tanks of 18 steamers were tested with the Clowes-Redwood apparatus.

M 84

FOOD AND DRUGS ORDINANCE.

5. The following Table gives the results of 94 analyses made at the instance of the Police and the Sanitary Department:-

Description.

Number of Samples.

Number found Genuine.

Number found

Adulterated,

Beer,

6

Brandy,..

8

Bread,

9

Flour,

1

Gin,

2

Milk.

51

46

Port Wine,...

Rum,

Sherry,

Whisky,

00 10 00

CXINGTON-

6

א

--☺☺☺VOCKCO

()

0

5

0

0

MINERALOGICAL,

6. The 478 samples of metals and ores examined, comprised the following:--

Metals.

1917. 1916.

Ores.

1917. 1916.

Tiu.

243

138

Antimony,

10

Antimony,

38

40

Tin,

Mercury,

7-

Iron,..

24

Lead,

3

Manganese,

19

Copper

Zine,

Gold.

3

Lead,

14

3

Zine,

2

Molybdenum,

Iron,

1

Tungsten,

Solder,

4

Gold,

Brass,

2

Arsenic,

White Metal,

Copper,

Barium,

Titanium, Mercury,

Other Ores,..

Total,

311 203

21

Total,......

167

223

CORROD MONNO

94

8

27

28

སྒྲ ོ |-22 ཀ ོ ༤༤སྱཱ

6

*

M 85

SAMPLING.

7. An increased amount of sampling has been done during the year. The increase was especially noticeable in the case of tin, of which a quantity, averaging 20 tons per day, has been sampled and stamped with the Government stamp as a guarantee of quality. The following Table shows the work done :-

Substance.

Amount sampled.

Substance.

Amount sampled.

Tin,

Zine,

154,280 slabs. 131 tons.

Auise Oil, Cassia Oil,...

1,580 cases.

376 cases.

Antimony,

10,213 cases.

Tea Oil,

1,247 cases.

Antimony Ore,

8,780 bags.

Coconut Oil,

480 cases.

Tin Şlag, Wolfram,

1,000 bags.

Wood Oil,

5,379 vats.

10,495 bags. Lard,

12,510 cases.

Manganese Ore,

Calcium Carbide,

1,500 bags. Sugar,

200 cases.

1,000 bags.

EXAMINATIONS FOR THE PUBLIC.

8. The public continue to take advantage of the Laboratory and have forwarded a great variety of samples for examination on payment. The fees paid into the Treasury during the year amount to $25,846.50, as against $19,429.50 in 1916.

The value of the year's work, as determined from the Tariff of Fees (Government Notification Nos 285 of 1907 and 360 of 1910) is $29,861.50, as against $24,219.50 in 1916.

LIBRARY.

9. Several standard works of reference have been added.

SPECIAL REPORTS.

10. Special Reports have been supplied on Petrol Storage, Coal Gas Poisoning, Vermilionette, Pollution of River Water, and The Preparation of Paper Pulp.

RESEARCH.

11. A new Alcoholometric Table has been calculated for the determination of alcohol at Tropical temperatures. Work has also been done on the expansion of anise and cassia oil and on the volumetric determination of tungsten.

STAFF.

12. During the year Mr. J. Maxwell was appointed to assist in the taking of samples.

M 86

Annexe Q.

OFFICE OF HEALTH OFFICER OF THE PORT.

REPORT BY DR. G. P. JORDAN, Health Officer of the Port.

During the year the work of this Department was carried on by Drs. Jordan, Keyt, and Lindsay Woods.

The work of this Department may be divided under three separate headings:-

(a) Daily inspection of ships arriving in port.

(b) Medical examination of emigrants. (e) Quarantine duty.

(a.)-DAILY INSPECTION OF SHIPS ARRIVING IN PORT.

During the year there were 7,144 arrivals in port; of this number 3,004 were under the British flag, and 4,140 under various foreign flags. These vessels were all boarded as they arrived in port, and particulars of the voyage regarding sickness and deaths were duly recorded in Forms A and B, signed by the master or surgeon. Further all passengers and crews of those ships which arrive from infected ports undergo a careful medical examination in quarantine. River steamers from Canton, Wuchow, and Macao are not boarded, except in the event of infectious diseases and deaths, and they are not included in the above figures.

(6.)-MEDICAL EXAMINATION OF EMIGRANTS.

During the year there has been a decrease in the Emigration figures, the total being 96,342 as compared with 117,536 for 1916 : showing a deficiency of 21,194. This is primarily due to the lack of ships, a large number of the British India steamers being taken up by the Admiralty for transport purposes; whereas the few that remain are of small carrying capacity and inadequate to deal with the large numbers of labourers desirous of leaving the Colony for the Straits Settlements and other ports.

Table I shows the numbers of emigrants and crews passed and rejections.

Table II gives the monthly emigration figures and also of the

crews.

Table III gives a list of the diseases which are accountable for the rejection of 1,423 emigrants during the year.

799 were rejected for parasitic diseases of the skin alone, while 299 were rejected for trachoma and ophthalmia.

M 87

(c.) QUARANTINE DUTY.

Under this heading is included the special examination of ships arriving from infected ports, or having infectious cases on arrival; such vessels flying the "Q" flag proceed to the Quarantine Anchorage and there await the Health Officer for medical examina- tion and subsequent pratique. During the year six ships were detained in quarantine :-

Small-pox,

Plague,

5

1

The port of Manila was declared infected on September 2nd, 1916, and continued so till March 24th this year when quarantine restrictions were removed. *

Table V is compiled from notifications received from the Principal Civil Medical Officer during the year. It keeps the Health Officer informed of the prevalence of infectious diseases in neighbouring ports and thus enables him to exercise special supervision over ships arriving from these ports.

* Table IV gives the number of ships dealt with in quarantine with the

causes, dates and periods of detention.

M 88

Table I.

Emigration Passes aud Rejections for 1917.

Ports of Destination.

Passed. Crews.

Rejected.

Straits Settlements,...

64,999

7,591

1,185

San Francisco,

6,516

9,866

25

Honolulu,

3,125

Japan,

912

6

Australia,

2,366

2,238

69

Java Ports,

12,077

1,919

60

British Columbia,

1,797

2,487

23

Seattle,

271

British Borneo,

3.070

1,174

42

South America,

699

699

Mexico,

315

South Africa,

23

Mauritius,

172

82

2

Total,..

96,342

26,056

1,423

Table II.

Monthly Returns of Emigrants, Crews, and Rejections.

Months.

Emigrants.

Crews.

Rejections.

January,

4,658

2,321

88

February,

8,086

2,246

88

March,

14,490

2,282

322

April,...

13,190

2,888

193

May,

12,118

2,421

230

June,

10,221

2,317

160

July,

6,868

1,926

84

August,

6,013

2,089

50

September,

5,608

1,854

41

October,

5,695

2,087

71

November,

5,324

2,053

50

December,.....

4,071

1,572

46

Total,.......

96,342

26,056

1,423

M 89

Table III.

Causes of Rejections of Emigrants.

Diseases.

Numbers

rejected.

Skin Diseases :-

Scabies,

630

Tinea,

169

Ichthyosis,

13

Other forms,

32

Eye Diseases:

Trachoma,

268

Ophthalmia and Blindness,

31

Fevers,

59

Syphilis,

Tuberculosis (Adenitis),

4

1

Jaundice,

Leprosy,

Beri-beri,

Deformities,

Enlarged Spleen,

Anæmia and Debility,

Ulcers and Sores,

Goitre,.

Other Causes including sinility, and emaciation,.

Total,....

5

1

1

61

13

100

16

£

15

1,423

י

Table IV.

Showing the Number of Ships detained in Quarantine, with Causes, Dates, and Periods of Detention.

Name of Vesel.

Port.

Cases.

Causes.

Date.

Detention.

Fat Shan,

Cantou.

1

Small-pox.

*

6. 1.17

Canton.

Small-pox.

*

23. 2.17

Canton.

1

Small-pox. 22. 2.17

Singapore.

Manila.

1

Plague.

Small-pox.

9. 9.17

48 hours.

24. 12. 17

24 hours.

These River Steamers from Canton were fumigated and desinfected at their wharves.

Lintan,

Charles Hardouin,

Delwara,

Nippon,

*

- M 90

Appendix N.

REPORT ON THE BOTANICAL AND FORESTRY DEPARTMENT FOR THE YEAR 1917.

GENERAL REMARKS.

The weather was exceptionally dry throughout the first quarter, the rainfall amounting to only 3'13 inches.

The absence of rain considerably delayed forestry operations. January was a very cold month and frost was observed at the Peak on the 9th and 10th of the month.

A few plants were injured in the gardens and at Fanling the leaves of sweet potatoes as well as those of ordinary potatoes were turned black.

In the second quarter 2541 inches of rain were registered. In June rain fell on 28 days.

The typhoon signals were hoisted four times during the third quarter, and on the 13th August the wind rose to a strong gale causing much damage to trees in certain localities.

The rainfall for the quarter was 49 89 inches of which 32.66 inches fell in July.

July's rainfall has only been exceeded once since statistics have been kept in this Department and that was in June of 1916 when 32.97 inches fell.

The fourth quarter was dry as rain fell on nine days only; the total fall amounting to 5'13 inches.

Owing to the drought several hill fires occurred, one of which, at Aberdeen, destroyed several thousand young pine trees.

The sale of surplus plants was started in September but there has been very little demand for them.

GARDENS AND GROUNDS.

Botanic Gardens. The bright sunshine at the beginning of the year was particularly favourable for winter-flowering annuals. In the New Garden Nicotiana Sanderæ made a very fine show and Primula obconica in pots was quite a success.

A bed of seedling Hippastrums flowered for the first time and made a brilliant display.

The seed from which they were raised was saved from some of the best varieties already in the gardens, and the seedlings were under three years old when they flowered.

N 2

A tree of Erythrina Caffra in the Old Garden was a splendid sight when in flower in March.

One of the plants of Bougainvillea spectabilis lateritia flowered and it promises to be a great acquisition.

The trees of Paulownia Fortunei fruited and a quantity of seed has been obtained from which it is hoped to raise a number of young trees for planting out in various parts of the Colony.

In April the turf on one of the banks in the Old Garden was found to be dying and on examination it was discovered that cock- chafer grubs were the cause of the trouble.

Caterpillars on lawns in the Botanic Gardens and elsewhere were exceedingly troublesome but in most cases they were kept in check by applications of Jeyes' Fluid and water.

During the gale on the 13th August a large tree of Araucaria excelsa in the Old Garden was blown down.

Owing to the delay in the arrival of seeds from England most of the beds on the lower terrace had not been planted up with annuals at the end of the year.

During January and February a Kingfisher came to the gardens regularly to catch gold fish from the basin of the fountain. He did not seem to mind the presence of visitors.

The roof of the soil shed in the Pot Nursery was repaired as white ants had destroyed some of the woodwork.

Garden seats, gates and railings were repainted and the side channels of walks repaired.

The yearly show of the Hongkong Horticultural Society was held in the gardens on the 8th and 9th March and was a great

success.

Flowers, vegetables and plants were a great improvement on previous exhibits and showed what could be produced in Hongkong in a favourable season.

Many of the Peak exhibits were equal to those grown on the lower levels.

Two concerts were given in the gardens, on the 22nd September and the 6th October, by the Hongkong Police Reserve.

On the 18th October, "Our Day", an evening fête was held in the Old Garden and repeated on the following evening, but not- withstanding the enormous crowds who were present, very little damage was done to plants or lawns.

GOVERNMENT HOUSE GROUNDS.

All the lawns were given a dressing of finely sifted manure in the spring of the year.

.

N 3

The plants of Iris tectorum on the east bank of the grounds flowered well but those in the bed on the south side of the house made a poor show.

The privet hedge on the lawn near the main gates was taken up as it had become very ragged and replaced with Chrysalidocarpus palms.

The rockeries on both sides of the guard house were overhauled and put in order.

Caterpillars were very troublesome on lawns in the autumn and it was with great difficulty that they were kept in check.

MOUNTAIN LODGE GROUNDS.

The rockery was done up in the spring. Plants which had become overgrown were taken out and replaced by others.

Cannas in various parts of the grounds were taken up and divided. After the beds had been heavily manured the Cannas were replanted and the way in which they afterwards flowered amply repaid for the trouble taken with them.

Acalyphas growing in the grounds were very much injured by frost in January.

The clumps of Iris tectorum planted last year flowered freely. Additional plants were put in alongside the stream in the valley.

Plants of Cosmos and Solidago in the big bed made a good show in the autumn.

The path on the south side of the valley was badly damaged by heavy rains in July.

BLAKE GARDEN.

On the northern boundary, the Bromelia hedge, which could never be kept in a tidy condition, was taken up and replaced with plants of Hibiscus.

A swamp in the middle of the garden was drained.

A few flowering shrubs and trees were planted where space permitted.

Three large Banian trees were planted to give more shade to visitors to the garden.

The seats, gates and summer houses were repaired where neces- sary and repainted.

Nine stone seats were added as the seating accommodation was insufficient for the number of people who frequented the place.

WEST END PARK.

The park was kept tidy throughout the year and Mimosa and Lantana roots taken up as opportunity offered.

N 4

A young tree of Peltophorum flowered well and as it produced seeds freely it is hoped to raise seedlings for planting elsewhere.

KING'S PARK.

Gangs of women were employed in cutting out Pandanus from various places in the park and for rooting up Lantana and Mimosa.

Two young Poinciana trees flowered for the first time.

Several young trees of Erythrina indica were planted and they have made good progress.

Pine trees in the park continue to die and many were cut out during the year.

Native trees and shrubs have made great headway since a Park- keeper has been stationed there to prevent illicit cutting of vegetation.

COLONIAL CEMETERY.

Several trees and shrubs which had become too big and were

a danger to monuments were cut down and removed.

To enable new terraces to be made many trees and shrubs had to be sacrificed.

The grass on banks and plots was kept short throughout the

summer.

The edges of beds could not be planted up in the autumn as usual owing to the late arrival of seeds.

ROYAL SQUARE GARDEN,

Cannas were taken up, divided and replanted after the ground had been manured and dug.

The four trees of Bauhinia Blakeana were badly damaged in the August gale, but by the end of the year they had practically recovered.

The lawns were attacked by caterpillars in the autumn but they did not suffer so much as some others.

CIVIL HOSPITAL GROUNDS.

All the lawns were given a dressing of manure and when weeds appeared they were removed.

A few flowering and foliage plants were put in to brighten up odd corners.

Caterpillars on lawns were a great nuisance and at the east end of the lower terrace the damage was so great that part of the lawn will have to be re-turfed.

The Poinsettias on the south bank made a fairly good show when in flower.

N 5

ROYAL OBSERVATORY GROUNDS.

The "blue grass under the Pine trees was weeded and given a dressing of artificial manure.

The Barlerias planted alongside the approach road flowered well.

Undergrowth on the back at the east end of the grounds was

cut out.

ALBANY NURSERIES.

The Poinsettias made a brilliant show in both the upper and lower nurseries at the end of the year.

The fence between the lower nursery and the Helena May Institute which was planted up with Antigonon last year looked well when this creeper was in flower.

The other flowering shrubs made bright patches of colour during the year.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL GROUNDS.

These grounds were placed under this Department at the begin- ning of the year.

Flowering shrubs were pruned and others planted.

The Agaves on the bank near the tennis ground were taken up and destroyed.

The lawn was weeded and given a dressing of manure.

INDIAN SCHOOL.

The whole of the turf on the lawns was taken up and the ground levelled.

A lot of the turf which was put down originally, before the grounds were handed over this Department, was nothing but weeds and good turf was obtained to take the place of this.

Flowering shrubs and trees were planted wherever possible and most of them have made a very good start.

OTHER GROUNDS.

Owing to the filling in of the swamp in the Sokunpo valley a great part of the uursery was rendered unfit for use for a considera- ble part of the year.

Now that the work is completed a great improvement has been effected as the level of the nursery has been raised to that of the rest of the valley.

The flowering shrubs planted alongside the Peak Tramway gave a display of bloom almost throughout the year.

The many other small plots and gardens were kept in good order.

N 6

ROADSIDE ROCKERIES AND BANKS.

A small rockery was made at the junction of Garden and Kennedy Roads and another one in Upper Albert Road.

Flowering shrubs and trees were planted near the Nethersole Hospital and at the Pumping Station, Pokfulam Road.

All the old rockeries were overhauled and planted up where necessary.

HERBARIUM.

Mr. E. D. Merrill, Bureau of Science, Manila, presented 450 specimens of plants collected by him on Lofoushan and 378 speci- mens of Philippine plants to this Department.

Mr. C. O. Levine of the Chinese Christian College, Canton, pre- sented 906 specimens of Kwangtung plants, collected by him in various localities, to our collection.

These are welcome additions as many of the plants had not been collected in the province of Kwangtung previously, whilst some of them are co-types of new species.

Three hundred and eleven specimens of Chinese plants were sent to Mr. E. D. Merrill from our collection of duplicates.

Professor Hayata of the University of Tokio made two visits to the Colony during the year for the purpose of collecting botanical specimens.

Dr. Copeland and Mr. E. D. Merrill, both of the Bureau of Science of Manila, made short visits to the Colony and the former kindly revised some of the names in our Fern collection.

Mrs. D. C. Aubrey and Miss Phoebe May made several additions to the Flora of the Colony, a list of which will be found in a supplement.

FORESTRY.

Formation of Pine Tree Plantations.-Over 42,000 one year old seedlings were planted on the hills in the vicinity of the Fanling Golf Course, nearly 4,000 on the bare hills above Taihang and 3,000 in the Tytam catchment area.

On the Fanling hills 15 pounds of pine tree seeds were sown broadcast, 27 pounds on Mount Kellett and 10 pounds on the hills above Repulse Bay.

Broad-leaved Trees Planted. --Near Deepwater Bay 2,150 Mela- leuca were planted, 300 Melaleuca in the Pokfulam valley and 100 Casuarina on the Sokunpo hills.

Close on 11,500 broad-leaved trees were planted on the hills and in the low-lying grounds in the vicinity of the Fanling Golf Course.

These consisted of Eucalyptus, Tristania, Melaleuca, Aleurites, Celtis, Banian, Camphor and Albizzia.

N 7

On Cheung Chau Island 45 Banians were planted.

Care of Trees in Plantations.—Caterpillars were discovered in the spring on pine trees in a plantation at Ho Mun Tin but fortunate- ly the numbers were small and very little damage was done.

An ordinance was passed during the year dealing with the question of illicit tree-cutting by villagers in Hongkong and the New Territories and extracts from the ordinance were translated and posted up in the various villages.

Dead trees were extracted from various plantations and creepers encircling trees in Victoria and Mt. Gough forests were cut.

The August gale did a lot of damage to a Tristania plantation near the Hatton Road; about 200 trees suffered very badly.

Many trees were cut down on sites sold for building purposes, on farm lots and for road-making.

The pine tree plantations around the Cheungshawan reservoir were thinned by the timber contractor after the trees had been marked by departmental officers.

Protection from Fire.-Two new fire barriers were made at Fanling and all the old ones in Hongkong and the New Territories were cleared before the Chung Yeung Festival which took place on the 24th October.

An ordinance was passed in March which enables the Depart- ment to proceed against any person found setting fire to plantations either negligently or wilfully, and three convictions were obtained during the year.

Ninety-six fires were reported, 44 in the first quarter, 27 in the second, 3 in the third and 22 in the fourth.

From the 1st October, 1916, to 11th April, 1917, only 5:39 inches of rain were registered, so that will give some idea of the dryness of vegetation and the danger from fires throughout the

winter season.

The Tsing Ming Festival occurred on the 5th April and no less than 20 fires were reported on that date.

Eighteen of these were extinguished by Foresters, who had been stationed in the vicinity of cemeteries, with the assistance, in several cases, of Police and District Watchmen.

The Military rendered very great assistance in putting out a large fire which occurred on Mt. Davis.

The Department is very much indebted to the Police for the very great assistance they have given throughout the year in report- ing fires and engaging coolies to extinguish them.

-

Forest Guards' Service. The number of persons proceeded against for committing forestry offence was 295 compared with 395 in the previous year.

Of these, 223 were convicted, 12 had their bail estreated, I was

N 8

required to find a personal bond, 41 were discharged with a caution and 18 without.

Particulars are given in Tables II and III.

Two Forest Guards were dismissed and two resigned.

Five contractors had sums, amounting to $84 in all, deducted from their securities for damage done to growing trees in the vicinity of their coolies' matsheds.

Planting and Care of Roadside Trees.-In Hongkong and Kowloon 1,329 trees and shrubs were planted alongside or near roads.

This number included those replaced owing to failures in previous plantings.

The principal roads planted were Bowen, Conduit, Wongnei- chong Gap to Little Hongkong, Wongneichong Gap to Tytam Reservoir, Magazine Gap, May, Pokfulam and Victoria.

The trees in the Kowloon roads suffered very much from the gale in August.

On the Taipo Road, between the 6th and 9th miles, about 500 trees and shrubs were planted on the newly made banks necessitated by the improvements to the road.

Most of these were flowering trees and shrubs but unfortunately soon after they were planted a heavy rainstorm washed out and destroyed many of them.

Bamboos Planted. Along the roadside between Fauling and Santin where the bridges are narrower than the road, bamboos were planted to emphasise the reduced width to drivers of motor cars.

Altogether 173 clumps were planted at these places.

The bamboo hedge on the east side of the Upper Albert road, which had become very untidy and ragged, was taken up and replanted for a length of 433 feet.

Taipo-Fanling-Castle Peak Road. The trees along this road received constant attention during the year.

Trees which had failed to grow from various causes were re- placed by others.

The widening of the section between Santin and Autau was not completed early enough to allow of any planting being done.

Fanling Hills. Besides the pine and broad-leaved trees planted on the hills in the neighbourhood of the Golf Course about 4,000 flowering shrubs were put in.

A list of these is given in Table IV.

The Poinsettias at the ninth green were taken up, the ground heavily manured, and the Poinsettias replanted.

They well repaid this treatment as they made vigorous growth and flowered well towards the end of the year.

i

1

N 9

Allamandas made a good show when in flower, likewise Mus-

saendas.

The plants of Bauhinia Blakeanu at the ninth green made good progress and looked well when in flower.

A new bed of Cannas between the fourth and fifth fairways made a brilliant display in the summer.

The ground around the pavilion was sloped and turfed, also that near the eleventh green.

Poinsettias at the eleventh green did not do well.

Tropæolems were grown near the first and fifteenth greens and they made bright patches of colour when in flower.

Tithonias near the fourteenth tee and the ninth fairway did much better than in the previous year.

One hundred and ninety three bulbs of Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) and a few of Lilium longiflorun were planted near the ninth green.

The plants of Acacia pennatu around the hill on which the new fourteenth tee is situated flowered fairly well.

The Hibiscus shrubs along the approach road to the course were a conspicuous feature for several months of the year.

Fanling Golf Course.-All the fairways with the exception of the seventh, twelfth and fourteenth were given a half-inch dressing of soil in July. Artificial fertilizer was also put on at the rate of five hundredweights to an acre.

L..

By the end of August a very great improvement in the turf was noticed.

In connection with the improvement of the course all Elephantopus, big daisy-like weeds, which were very numerous in some of the fairways, were taken up.

In some of the fairways mole crickets were causing much damage and, at my suggestion, coolies employed by the Club were put on to destroy them.

Cockchafer grubs were discovered on the first and second fair- ways but fortunately they were not in great numbers and were soon destroyed.

Forestry Service Paths.-At the end of the summer all of these paths in Hongkong and Kowloon were repaired.

Clearing Undergrowth around Houses.-The clearing of under- growth at Government expense for anti-malarial purposes amounted to over 5,000,000 square feet.

Over 45,000 square feet were cleared at the cost of private individuals.

Clearing for Survey Purposes.---Under this heading about 1,750,000 square feet were cleared for the Public Works Department.

N 10

Forestry Licences, New Territories.-The total amount collected in fees amounted to $4,822.82 compared with $4,871.45 in the previous year.

NURSERIES, AGRICULTURE, ETC.

Various vegetables were grown in the Fanling garden as object lessons to the Chinese.

Onions were again a great success and there were several de- mands for seeds last autumn but unfortunately none were obtainable from Tenerife owing to the export of them being prohibited.

The keeping quality of the onions grown at Fanling was very good.

They were taken up from the ground in April and they remain- ed in excellent condition until September.

It it very interesting to be able to report that 350 cases of tea from the Lead Mine Pass plantation were shipped to Australia and that good prices were obtained for it.

At the request of the Director of the Imperial Institute seeds of Aleurites Fordii and Aleurites montana were sent to Ceylon and India.

These are the trees from which the Chinese wood oil is obtained,

The Assistant Director, Royal Gardens, Kew, wrote for informa- tion as to the source of seeds of Strychnos Nux-vomica sold in the Colony.

In investigating the matter I found that the seeds were obtained from India, also that seeds of another plant, Momordica cochinchin- ensis, were sold locally as Strychnos Nux-vomica seeds.

The Momordica, as its specific name implies, is a native of Cochinchina, and the seeds of this plant, sold in Hongkong are obtained from that place.

This plant is also found in the New Territories.

Seeds of the Momordica have been sent to Kew for analysis.

Strychnos amgustiflora, a native of Hongkong and the New Territories, produces seeds very similar in outward appearance to those of Strychnos Nux-vomica except that they are smaller, and as these are sometimes sold locally for the same purpose as those of Strychnos Nux-vomica a quantity has also been forwarded to Kew for analysis.

About 35,000 pine tree seedlings were raised in the Ping Kong nursery and about 8,000 in the Beacon Hill nursery for planting out in 1918.

The first rice crop was poor but the second was up to the average.

The Litchi and peanut crops were fair.

N 11

EXCHANGES OF SEEDS, &c.

The thanks of the Department are due to the following who presented seeds, plants, herbarium specimens or animals:- Messrs. C. T. Bowring, E. D. Merrill, R. Shewan, P. W. Goldring, A. Nicholson, F. P. de V. Soares, D. V. Steavenson, H. Humphreys, Lester Brown, W. H. Wilson and A. Grove, Captain A. E. Hodgins, Mrs. D. C. Aubrey, Mrs. T. W. Robertson, Miss Wallace, Dr. F. Keyt, Mrs. Mattock, Mrs. H. W. Bird, the University of Hongkong, Direc- tor of Horticulture, Giza, Egypt; Botanic Gardens, Singapore, and the British Consul, Pakhoi.

The following were the principal recipients:-Messrs. D. Fairchild, E. D. Merrill, H. Humphreys, G. N. Orme, S. B. C. Ross, E. A. Irving and R. Shewan; Headmaster, Queen's College; Director of Horticulture, Giza, Egypt; Captain A. E. Hodgins; Director, Royal Gardens, Kew; H. M. Naval Yard, Hongkong; Mrs. D. C. Aubrey; Department of Agriculture, Brisbane; and Botanic Gardens, Ceylon.

STAFF.

Owing to the public spirit of Mrs. D. C. Aubrey and Miss Phoebe May, the Assistant Superintendent. Mr. H. Green, was allowed to leave the Colony on military service on the 15th March.

Mrs. Aubrey and Miss May were appointed First and Second Assistant Superintendents respectively on Mr. Green's departure and it is very gratifying to be able to record that they have carried out their duties in a most enthusiastic and wholehearted manner and have rendered very great assistance to the Department.

Miss May, much to my regret, felt compelled through force of circumstances to resign her post on the 21st November.

Mr. Tsoi Wa-cheung, who had been Head Clerk in this Depart- ment for 10 years, was transferred on promotion to the Imports and Exports Department on the 31st March.

Mr. Leung Pat-ming, from the Police Department, was appointed to succeed Mr. Tsoi on the 1st April but was dismissed from the service on the 2nd October.

Mr. Chung King-pui succeeded Mr. Leung Pat-ming and com- menced his duties on the 15th November.

Mr. Mak Kun, Second Clerk, performed the duties of First Clerk in a satisfactory manner from 3rd October to 14th November.

Mr. Mak is to be commended for the promptitude with which, on several occasions, during my absence from the office, he despatched coolies to extinguish hill fires on receiving notification of the fires by telephone.

Mr. Un Kam-po, Assistant Head Forester, who had been in the Department 9 years, resigned his post on the 31st December.

11th March, 1918.

W. J. TUTCHER,

Superintendent..:

Table I.

RAINFALL, 1917,

Botanic Gardens.

- N 12-

DATE.

Jan. Feb.

Mar. April May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov.

Dec.

inch.

inch.

inch. inch. | inch.

inch. inch. inch. inch. inch. inch. inch. inch.

1,

2,

*54

*05

13

*25

9,

*03

: :==

*04

*04

10,

II,

12,

13,

14,

15,

16,

·07

*02

98 299

'15

2:38

20.

1.91 12

*57

90.

*01

*77

12

·17

80.

*56

98.

TO.

88.

*81 *12

00-1

*01 1:33

·19

*05

*56

17

42

*36

*93

'94

*40 ·04

IO.

17

14

2.91

*14

*07

29.

09.

II.

20.

·10

80.

09.2

GI.

69.

·13

·07

*17

1.78

4.62

*05

47

*05

103

91.

31

*82 ∙10 2.65

Table I,—Continued.

!

- N 13 --

DATE.

Jan. Feb.

April

Mar. April May

May June July Aug.

Sept.

Sept. Oct.

Nov. Dec.

inch.

inch. inch. inch. inch.

inch. | inch. inch.

inch. inch. inch.

inch. inch.

*06

3.25 ·13 2.86

*05

*28

*66

*29

*20

•12

*01

1.83

*01

*06

*06

*02

*02

*01

*26

*16

*23

*05

*07

•20

1.52

1.55

*31

*62

1.17

•28

'01

•10

*35

3.85

*01

·04

*08

2.20

•27 3:03

*05

*26

1'16 *69

*12

1.77

*03

*57

•21 1.96

*09

.15

:17

2.81

*57

2.23

*49

*60

*51

*38

*07

*09

1.12

*01

•13

Total,.

*46

*49 3:13

5'93

93110:17 | 32.66 | 12:12 5'11

'12

3.77

1.24

17,

18,

19,

20,

21,

22,

23,

24,

25,

26,

28,

29,

30,

31,

Total for the year 8451 inches. Average for the last ten years at the Botanic Gardens-86:35 inches. Total rainfall registered at the Hongkong Observatory for the year - 81 485 inches.

Table II.

FOREST GUARDS' SERVICE: OFFENCES.

REPORT OF

Village or District.

Block. Compartment.

Pine trees

stealing.

Pine tree Pine tree Brush- branches needles wood stealing. stealing. stealing.

Grass

cutting.

Wild Wild Cattle flowers fruits grazing in stealing. stealing. plantation.

Setting

fire to

plantation.

Earth

cutting.

2

2

1

4

Victoria,

Wongneichong,

A.B.C.D.E.F.G.

A.B.C.D.E.F.G.|

10.

Shaukiwan,..

Tytam,..

A.B.C.D.E.F.

A.B.C.

7

11

Stanley,

A.B.C.D.F.

Aberdeen,

A.B.D.

1

Pokfulam,

A.B.C.D.E.F.G.

3

11

Kowloon,.

A.B.C.E.

Harbour Belt,.

A.B.C.D.E.

1

10

10

Cheungshawan,

1

Kanghau,

11

New Territories,

:: a=xora: Pao

25

26

19

ION: 500+ NOGA

11

1

1

2

2

Total for 1917,.

14

40

Total for 1916,.

29

66

གླ|£

35

66

94

37

85

109

22

19

1

21

3

CO-

2

20

11

30

1

-N 14-

3

N 15

Table III.

POLICE COURT RESULTS.

Cases.

1917.

1916.

50 cents to $1 fine,

62

8

$1.50

"

$2

48

25

$2.50

5

"

$3

23

78

$4 to $

33

84

-93

$6 to $8

23

$10 to $25

12

34

""

$35

I

()

$100

0

1

19

1 to 4 days' imprisonment,

0

2

5 to 7

16

36

8 to 14

15

38

15 to 31

3

10

>

6 weeks'

1.

0

""

2 to 3 months'

1

"

Discharges,

18

31

Cautions,

Forfeiture of bail,

Personal bond,

Strokes with the birch,

41

0

12

9

2

:

:

Total,

295

395

Locality.

Table IV.

FLOWERING TREES AND SHRUBS PLANTED.

Bowen Road,. Conduit Road,

Indian School.

Little Hongkong-Wongnei-

chong Road;

Peak Tramway,

Magazine Gap Road,

2

16

4

30

:

:

May Road,....

11

Pokfulam Road,

11

Wongneichong-Tytam Road,

28:

28

19

5

20

2

6

G

41

29

21

Victoria Road,

201

Fanling Golf Course,

34

98

38

28

Kennedy Road,.

2

Garden Road, Ice House Street, Albert Road, Bonham Road,

23

King's Park,

Brewin's Path, Macdonnell Road,

Barker Rond,

Taipo Road.

Santin Road,

:

47

29

53

Total.

109

211

231

21

117

87

!

AR

^ [ 11 ?1 °G[ I

:

:

B

Cratæva.

Tithonia.

Poinsettia.

14

19

Rhododendron.

Erythrina

20

43

985 1,829

96

10

:

102

132

13

تت

38

152

88

985 | 1,994

96

55

Crista-galli.

Gardenia.

تنت

3

Ixora.

00

3

Spiraea.

Plumbago.

Jasmimum.

Callistemon.

Cassia glanca.

Bougainvillea.

Cotton.

Mussaenda.

3

Total.

28

80

51

:

88

29

30

12

92

20

594

19

1,052

2

B

23

36

456

38

694 250

19

36 15.040

N 16-

Locality.

Kowloon Tsai,...

Fanling,

Pingkong,

N 17

Table V.

NURSERIES.

Expenses.

$437.00

310.00

380.00

Total,...

$1,127.00

Table VI.

REVENUE.

REVENUE.

1917.

1916.

$ C.

$

Timber Sales,

2.118.47

2,027.99

Sale of Plants,

214.70

Loan of Plants,

111.48

106.86

Forestry Licences,...

4,822.82

4,871.45

Interest on Current Account,

8.70

0.58

Miscellaneous Receipts,

2.42

10.19

Fine Fund,

15.90

11.60

$7,294.49 $7,034.67

Table VII.

Comparative Statement of Revenue and Expenditure from the years 1908 to 1917.

Years. Total Expenditure. Total Revenue.

% of Revenue to Expenditure.

$

C.

$

c.

%

1908

48,973.20

11,586.43

23.66

1909

43.694.46

11,441.51

26.12

1910

41,707.95

13,230.59

31.72

1911

45,750.85

7,769.82

16.98

1912

39,865.18

2.304.91

5.78

1913

48,745.88

8,352.06

17.13

1914

49,095.97

6,934.21

14.12

1915

49,404.56

6,871.67

13.91

1916

47,325.89

7,034.67

14.86

1917

51,253.82

7.294.49

14.23

N 18

Supplement.

ADDITIONS TO THE FLORA OF HONGKONG and the

NEW TERRITORIES.

1. Melochia corchorifolia, L.-Found at Fanling, and later at Sokunpo by Mrs. D. C. Aubrey. A weed in cultivated ground.

2. Sesbania aculeata, Pers.-Collected at Castle Peak by Miss Phoebe May. Distributed nearly all over the tropics in the Old World but only previously recorded in Kwangtung from Hoifung. 3. Astragalus sinicus, L.-Detected at East Point by Miss P. May. Known from various localities in China but not previously found in Hongkong.

4. Galactia tenuiflora, Wight et Arn.-At Cape D'Aguilar. Diffused in tropical Asia, also found in Africa and Australia.

5. Phaseolus Mungo, L.-Collected by Mrs. D. C. Aubrey at Sokunpo. Spread throughout the tropics of the Old World.

6. Fragaria indica, Andr.-On the top of Mt. Gough. Known throughout the East Indies.

7. Oenanthe_stolonifera, DC.-In the Hongkong University grounds. Found near Canton, in India, Java and Japan.

8. Blumea Wightiana, DC.-At Fanling. Once recorded from Hongkong but known throughout the plains of India.

9. Wrightia flavido-rosea, Trimen.-This is a most interesting addition to the Flora as the species has hitherto been considered as peculiar to Ceylon. In the year 1899 two young plants of it were brought in from the New Territories by a native collector who also collected ripe fruits at the same time. The young trees were planted in the New Garden and one of them flowered in June last. The flowers compare exactly with those in the figure of the species in Trimen's Flora of Ceylon.

10. Gardneria multiflora, Makino.-Found by Mr. S. B. C. Ross alongside the Wongneichong - Tytam Road and later on by Professor Hayata in the same locality. Only previously known from Japan and Szechuen.

11. Bothriospermum tenellum, Fisch.-At Fanling. Through- out Northern India, in China and Japan.

12. Ipomoea purpurea, Lam?-On roadsides at Taipo, Mrs. D. C. Aubrey.

13. Ipomoea linifolia, Bl.-Found by Mrs. D. C. Aubrey at Taipo. Previously found in Kwangtung at Hoifung and Cantou.

14. Bonnaya reptans, Spreng.-Collected near Lower Albert Road by Mrs. D. C. Aubrey and Miss May. Widely spread in India and Malaya.

15. Curcuma pallida, Lour.-At Taipo by Mrs. D. C. Aubrey. Only known from Kwangtung.

1

Appendix O.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF EDUCATION

FOR THE YEAR 1917.

SUMMARY OF CONTENTS:

Revenue and Expenditure.

Classification of Schools:

(a) Schools to which the Ordinance does not apply :-

Government Schools.

Military and Police Schools.

Excluded Private Schools.

(b) Controlled Schools:-

Grant Schools.

Private Schools.

Subsidised (New Territories) Schools.

(c) The Technical Institute.

Numbers of Pupils.

University Matriculation and Local Examinations.

General.

TABLES,

I.-Government Schools.

II.-Grant Schools: Annual Grant List.

III.-Chart: Total Pupils in English and Vernacular Schools.

IV.-Percentage of Colonial Revenue spent on Education.

V.-University Examination Results.

VI.-Fees Remitted to Free Scholars.

VII. Technical Institute: Balance Sheet.

VIII.-

Do.

Figures of former years extracted.

IX-XI-Scholarship Accounts: Balance Sheets.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

(Tables 1, II, IV, VI, VII, and VIII.)

1. After deducting the school fees received, the total nett expenditure on education was $234,678 ($235,978 in 1916).

2. The ratio which expenditure on education bears to the total revenue of the Colony is 2:29 (244 in 1916), and is the lowest figure since 1904.

3. School and Technical Institute fees amounting to $96,711 were collected ($85,123 in 1916). In addition $3,844.75 fees were remitted to free scholars ($3,963.50 in 1916).

4. The cost of the Government Schools is compared in Table 1 with the average of preceding years.

CLASSIFICATION OF SCHOOLS.

5. This follows the arrangement explained in paragraph 4 of the report for 1914.

SCHOOLS TO WHICH THE ORDINANCE DOES NOT APPLY,

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.

(Table I.)

6. Committee upon the Teaching of English.---On 31st October, 1916, the Hon. Mr. Lau Chü-pak, Member of the Legislative Council for the Chinese Chamber of Commerce, made the following criticism upon the teaching of English to Chinese boys:-

66

Turning to the question of the teaching of Chinese boys in English, we also agree that the methods in vogue may well be looked into and improved. Given the same length of time for schooling, and the same standard of education, the Chinese boys learning English nowadays do not as a rule speak and write the language so well as the students of a decade or two ago. The reason is, we should say, that too many subjects are crammed into the heads of the present day students before they have had a proper grounding in the fundamental elements of the language.

At any rate English not being their mother tongue the Chinese students cannot be expected to learn it with the same facility as the English students taught under the same system. We commend this important question to the careful attention of the authorities in- terested. We say important, Sir, because on the present day students the Courts here more or less depend for the supply in future of competent interpreters and translators, and the University for quali- fied undergraduates."

The Hon. Mr. Wei Yuk said: I beg to support the statements which have just been made by my colleague."

0 3

In consequence, at my request, His Excellency the Govern appointed a Committee:--

"To enquire into the teaching of the English language to Chinese boys in Government Schools, and to examine the question whether by a reduction in the number of other subjects more time can be devoted to such teaching.

"5

The Committee was constituted as follows

The Director of Edneation, Chairman,

The Hon. Mr. Percy Hobson Holyoak.

The Hon. Mr. Lan Chü-pak.

Mr. George Piercy..

Mr. Wilfred John Hinton.

་་་

Mr. Frank Macdonald Holman Holman.

Mr. Richard Arthur Brabazon Ponsonby-Fane.

Mr. Edwin Ralphs, Secretary.

The Committee's Report was laid before the Legislative Council on 2nd August. It interpreted its powers in a very wide sense, and gave advice upon many points which seemed to it to hamper in one way or another the efficiency of the schools, and therefore to affect indirectly the teaching of English in them. It found that with smaller classes in better buildings and with better paid teachers better results would be obtained. It advocated medical inspection of the pupils in all Government Schools, and the dropping of Book- keeping, and suggested some trifling modifications of the syllabus. But its reply on the main question was that as regarded the Curriculum We do not recommend any change in the present arrangement, and do not consider that too many subjects are being taught, or that too much time is devoted to such subjects."

7. British Schools.-The reports on the three British Schools may be considered quite satisfactory having regard to the peculiar conditions of these schools. They are adversely affected by climatic conditions, which make the attendance low during the summer months and which lower the stamina and therefore the mental powers of the children who do`remain in attendance. As regards the higher Classes an even more serious disability is found in the small numbers attending. When there are only three or four pupils in a Class it is manifestly impossible to provide them with a number of special masters. A similar Class in a big school at home would have the Mathematics taught by a mathematician, and French taught by a French scholar; there would be suitable laboratories, and so forth. It might be possible to aim at something nearer this standard, if the three schools could be combined into one. That suggestion is frequently made; but without much regard to the difficulties. There is obviously the difficulty of the site. A school for British children should not be in the heart of a native city, and it should

0 4

have play-grounds about it. Even greater is the difficulty of parents. Their feelings appear to lie altogether in the other direction. At one time the upper Classes at Kowloon School were exclusively for girls and those of Victoria School for boys, irrespective of their homes. This plan broke down in face of the opposition to it. Recently, I attempted to get the bigger boys of both schools to meet for instruc- tion in Chinese in a room of the Post Office building. I found that strong objections were raised and that the attendance suffered considerably. The objections would be stronger and better ground- ed if it were intended to make little children travel daily a distance of many miles in all weathers. The tendency has on the contrary been to demand a separate school for each locality. The Peak School was the last, and another is at present under consideration.

8. In the British Schools the pupils have assisted regularly on "Our Day", "Heather Day", and "St. George's Day". The Kowloon British School children subscribe monthly to War Charities, paying in the sum of $172.94 during the year; the children attending the Peak School subscribe to a fund by which they support a prisoner of war in Germany. In the Girls' Schools, sewing and other war work is carried on.

9. In all the English Schools, i.e., Schools attended by Chinese pupils learning English, war pictures with descriptions in English and Chinese are displayed in Class Rooms and Corridors, and serve the double purpose of giving information respecting the war and of providing subjects for Essays and topics of conversation in the Class Rooms.

10. The Call of the War has seriously depleted the Staff of English Masters; the deficiency was met by the temporary appoint- ment of seven English Mistresses.

11. During the year 4,500 copies of a pamphlet on Mosquitoes and Malaria were distributed among the pupils at the Government Schools.

12. The Belilios Public School (Girls) and the Saiyingpun School continue to do excellent work.

13. Trust Funds.-Several Trust Funds for Scholarships are held by the Director of Education. Balance Sheets of these are given in Tables IX, X, and XI.

MILITARY SCHOOLS.

14. Garrison Schools. The average number on the rolls at the three schools--Victoria (Garden Road), Lyemun, and Stonecutters— was 100, and the daily attendance 93, about the same as last year.

POLICE SCHOOL.

15. The average attendance was 23 (28 in 1916; 31 in 1915).

The master in charge reports that the discipline and progress of the men attending have been satisfactory.

:

EXCLUDED PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

16. St. Stephen's and St. Paul's Colleges belonging to the Church Missionary Society have an attendance of 573 boys (525 in 1916): and the same body manages St. Stephen's Girls' College, which has an average attendance of 110 (120 in 1916).

CONTROLLED SCHOOLS,

GRANT SCHOOLS,

(Table II.)

17. The Inspector of English Schools reports that the work in the 7 English Grant Schools continues generally to be of a high order. Great attention is devoted to the training of Character; in the girls' schools courses in domestic subjects such as cookery, home-nursing, and first aid to the injured have recently been started. 18. The number of Vernacular Schools in receipt of a grant is now 27 of which 4 are boys' schools.

19. 197 Vernacular Teachers-89 men and 108 women--attended the Normal Class at the Technical Institute and received a very useful training.

ENGLISH PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

The Inspector of English Schools reports:-

20. During the year 21 Boys' Schools (4 Day and 17 Night) closed their doors, and 22 new Boys' Schools (4 Day and 18 Night) were opened.

21. The total number of Schools open was:-Day Schools: 2 Girls' and 23 Boys'; Night Schools: 45 Boys'; with a maximum enrolment of 39 girls and 1,526 boys in the Day Schools and 1,169 boys in the Night Schools, making a total of 2,734 pupils.

22. These figures include 2 Exempted Schools-the Catholic Seminary, a Day School with 19 students training for the priesthood, and a Night School maintained by the Kowloon Wharf and Godown Company for the instruction of some of their Chinese employees, with 56 in attendance.

One Day School has been transferred to the Vernacular Register.

23. The education given in most of the schools is necessarily very elementary. The methods of the teachers are improving, but until teachers who have been trained at the Normal Classes find it worth their while to conduct English Private Schools, no great increase in efficiency can be looked for.

24. Discipline is generally good, and an attempt is made to insist on good manners. All the schools now furnish Monthly Reports, and send their Registers for inspection every month.

0 6

25. Some of the schools are doing good work, and are conducted in a creditable manner.

VERNACULAR PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

26. The Inspector of Vernacular Schools reports that during the year 97 Private Day Schools-including two Exempted Schools- were registered, an increase of 19 over the number for 1916, and of 11 over the number for 1915. The two Exempted Schools are (1) The Hongkong General Chamber of Commerce School for the Study of Chinese and (2) The Singer Sewing Machine Co.'s School of Embroidery.

Two of the Grant Schools managed by the Roman Catholic Mission were at the request of that Mission transferred to the Private School List.

The three Schools formerly managed by the Basel Mission have closed, and their places are taken by private schools.

Of the 76 Day Schools which closed during the year, 16 were struck off and 23 disappeared without any notification. Eleven more of the worst schools will be struck off at the end of the present Chinese year.

27. There are now 315 Private Day Schools, of which 8 are placed under Class A, 219 under Class B, and 86-as compared with 88 in 1916-under Class C. The seeming decrease in the number of Class A schools is really due to a higher standard en- forced. The number of Grant Schools is 27. One boys' school, being again declared inefficient, is to be struck off.

28. Certificates were issued to 10 New Private Night Schools. One of these, a girls' school, which obtained special permission to open, was intended for the factory girls at Taikoktsui, but was a failure.

Another of these Night Schools is supported by the Chinese Teahouse Guild and has about 40 pupils, all being men employed in the teahouses during the day. 9 Night Schools closed during the year. Of these, 2 were struck off the register, and I disappeared. The number of Private Night Schools is now 15, but the number of pupils is only 179.

29. The total number of Vernacular Schools, excluding those of the New Territories, is 357 (27 Grant, 315 Private Day and 15 Private Night Schools).

Three applications for the registration of new schools (2 for day schools and 1 for night) were refused. Two applicants dis- appeared after having sent up their applications.

In two cases,

30. There were 8 prosecutions during the year. the defendants failed to appear in Court, while in the other cases, fines varying from $9 to $25 were imposed.

31. Every school has been visited by the Inspector and several · times by the Sub-Inspector.

1

I

07

32. Mr. A. R. Cavalier left for active service on August 31st, and Mr. Y. P. Law has been acting for him since that date.

SUBSIDISED SCHOOLS-NEW TERRITORIES.

33. Of the 47 Subsidised Schools in the New Territories in 1916, 7 were struck off the List at the end of the year. These were at Shan Tsui, Sheung Shui, Chau Tau, Ping Long Wan, San Hui, Yeung Siu Hang, and Tseng Lan Shui. Nine new ones were sub- sidised at the beginning of 1917, viz., the schools at Ha Wo Tse, Chung Pak Long, Cha Hang, Nain Wai, Un Kong, Ping Shan, Shek Pai Wan, Tai Wan, and Un Long, the last named being a Girls' School. The total number of Subsidised Schools at the beginning of the year stood at 49. The two schools at She Tau and Wun Yiu were shortly afterwards found to be unsatisfactory and their sub- sidies were withheld since July. A Girls' School at Sheung Shui and a Boys' at Shing Mun were struck off at the end of the year, and the number of Subsidised Schools is now 45.

34. Of the 45 schools, 9 are placed in Class A, 22 in Class B, and 14 in Class C. Those in Class A are schools of which the work is up to a "Ko Tang" standard, and the premises, classification. discipline, and apparatus are good. Class B schools are those where either the work or the premises are not up to the A standard, but the teaching is satisfactory, while Class C are those where the work is of an elementary nature and barely satisfactory, and the premises and organisation are not as good as could be wished.

35. The Girls' School at Sheung Shui having been struck off, there is now only one Subsidised Girls' School (i.c., at Un Long).

36. The teacher at Tsung Am Tong was the only one found absent without permission when the annual inspection was made, and he has had to forfeit his subsidy for the month of November.

37. The number of pupils is 1,186 and the average attendance is 1,007. Among these are 65 girls only-21 at the Un Long Girls' School and the rest divided among 6 other schools.

38. One free scholar was admitted to Taipo English School and one to Un Long from these Vernacular Schools.

39. Each school has been visited at least once by the Inspector and three times by the Sub-Inspector.

NUMBERS OF PUPILS.

40. The total number of pupils at schools in the Colony ex- cluding the Police School and the uncontrolled schools in the New Territories are :---

08

Number of Pupils in

Total.

English

Vernacular

Schools.

Schools.

* Government Schools,.

Military Schools,.

* Excluded Private Schools,

2,757

2,757

100

100

683

28

711

* Grant Schools,

1,775

1,672

3,447

† Controlled Private Schools,

2,734

12,575

15,309

† Controlled

Private Schools,

New Territories,..

1.186

1,186

† Technical Institute,.

425

425

Total,

*

Average attendance.

8,474

15,461

23,935

Total enrolment.

41. This is an increase of 2,832 over 1916, the increase in pupils in English Schools being 109, and in the Vernacular Schools, 2,231.

TECHNICAL INSTITUTE.

42. The Institute continues to do useful work, and makes a point of providing instruction in any subject for which there is a demand. The latest Class to be formed is that in Cookery, which is proving most popular and successful.

43. The Director's Report* gives interesting extracts from the reports of various Examiners.

HONGKONG UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS.

44. There were 218 successes (129 in 1916), of which Queen's College claims 59. One pass in the Matriculation Examination, 3 in the Senior Local and 6 in the Junior Local were obtained at the 2 British Schools (Kowloon and Victoria).

E. IRVING, Director of Education.

Education Department, 2nd May, 1918.

* The Annual Report of the Inspector of English Schools and that of the

Director of the Technical Institute are not printed.

}

:

:

?

3

?

:

+

NAME AND NATURE. (1)

STAFF.

and Student 'Teachers'.

Certificated Passed Student' Teachers.

(2)

(3)

ENGLISH SCHOOLS.

Kowloon, Victoria, and Peak Schools-for children of European British Parentage. Primary and Secondary,

Queen's College-mainly for Chinese and Indians. Pre- pares for Hongkong University Matriculation and for Commercial Examinations,

Ellis Kadoorie, Saiyingpun, Wantsai, and Yaumati Schools -for Chinese. Prepare for Upper School at Queen's College,

13

1 Shorthand Teacher.

11

09

Table I.

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.

Maximum Average

Rate of

Monthly At-

Fees

Gross Cost.

Fees

Collected.

Enrolment.tendance. per mensem.

Net Cost to

Govern-

ment.

Ditto for

each unit in

Average Attendance.

Ditto

previous 5

years.

REMARKS.

Vernacular.

$

C.

C.

C.

2 Chinese

Teachers.

180

154 $5-$15

27,561.40 7,267.00

20,294.40 : 131.78 (a) 109.62

690

549

$5

89,588.26| 30,545.00

59,043.26

107.54

107.56

10

39

15

1,588

1,372

$3

70,651.51| 42,577.50

28,074.01

. 20.46 (b) 23.89

14

Belilios Public School for Girls-mainly for Chinese. Primary and Secondary,

4

2 Needlework

Teachers.

438

401

$2

23,234.83 8,216.00 15,018.83

37.45

35.01

1 Drawing Mistress.

2 Pupil Teachers.

Praya East-mainly for Chinese. Primary,

3

120

102

$2

4,258.01

2,101.00 2,157.01

21.15

21.89

---

Ellis Kaaoorie School for Indians--prepares for Upper School, Queen's College,

จา

*

2

:

?

Tai Po, Un Long, and Cheung Chau Schools--- Elemen- tary English for Chinese. Primary,

76

$2

5,314.86 1,598.00 3,716.86

48.90

53.96

4

134

103

50 cents. 4,665.70 527.25 4,138.45

40.16

39.77

(1) For boys unless otherwise stated.

(2) Certificated or with the degree of a British University. (3) Student Teachers or Passed Student Teachers (local).

3,233

2,757

225,274.57 92,831.75 132,442,82

(a) Excluding Peak School.

(6) Excluding Ellis Kadoorie School.

:

:

17,000

16,000

15,000

14,000

13,000

12,000

11,000

10,000

9,000

8,000

7,000

Table III.

Average Attendance in all Government and Grant Schools and total enrolment at Private Schools and the

Technical Institute, which was opened in 1908.

Note. The figures prior to 1913 are not very trustworthy, as there was no right of entry into private schools

until that year.

The figures for the New Territories are included in 1913 for the first time.

The University and Police School are not included.

English Schools :-Red.

Vernacular Schools:-Black.

1909.

1901. 1902. | 1903. | 1904.1905. 1906. 1907. 1908. 1909. 1910. 1911.

1912. 1913. 1914. 1915. 1916. 1917.

8,140

9,863

10,327

6,785

6,000

6,065 6,100

5,420 5,230

5,527 5,752 5,582

5,000

5,096

4,580. 4,540

4,660

4,430

4,630

4,490

4,610

4,000

3,970

3,680 3,375

3,213

3,000 2,900

2,000

1,000

12,989

6,112

12,092

11,919

13,230

15.461

8,474

7,764 7,873

7,462

CONTROLLED SCHOOLS IN RECEIPT

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Mission.

Number of

Classes.

Number of

School Days.

Maximum

Monthly*

Enrolment.

Average

Attendance.

ENG

CAPITA

Higher Classes. Rem

Average Attend-

ance.

1

Rate. Total,

Average Attend-

ance.

St. Joseph's College,

*

R. C. M.

8

201

580

527 89

2

Italian Convent,

*

8 & Inf.

197

444

400 50

3

French Convent, *

7 & Inf.

183

171

128

19

"?

7

Diocesan Girls' School,

C. of E.

8 & Inf.

205

155

128

28

མ་མས

24 2,136

185

24

1,200

68

24

456

24

24

672

30

Diocesan Boys' School, *

8

200

378

319

70

24 1,680

90

??

9

St. Mary's School, *

R. C. M.

7 & Inf.

197

192

160

24

192

19

13

St. Francis' School *

4 & Inf.

206

129

113

24

96

10

27

7

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Mission.

17

18

18

19

Berlin Foundling House, (G.) ** Fairlea, (G.) **

Victoria Home and Orphanage, (G.) * *. 20 Training Home for Girls, **

Ber. M. C. M. S.

4

Number of

Standards.

1,390

2,049

1,775

268.

6,432

426

VERNAC

Number

of

Maximum School Enrolment.

Attendance.

Rate.

Days.

22

L. M. S.

761-∞

258

80

7678

9

212

198

167

11

236

124

117

11

8

216

229

200

11

631

562

VERNAC

225

22

No. 26 Caine Road (G.)**

R. C. M.

238

83

73

24

No. 159 Wanchai Road (M.)*

233

68

54

77

28

Aberdeen, (M.) *

240

48

42

24

29

No. 15 Western Street, (B.)

****

L. M. S.

2243

30

26

30

No. 2 Taipingshan Street, (G.) *

216

35

32

*

33

No. 199 Queen's Road East, (G.) **

5

226

84

73

34

Nos. 154 and 156 Reclamation Street. (R \**i

A

53-

A COCO DE DE DE

B.Y**:

TABLE II.

LED SCHOOLS IN RECEIPT OF A

OF A GRANT UNDER TI

Mission.

Number of

Classes.

Number of School Days.

Maximum

Monthly

Enrolment.

Attendance.

Average

ENGLISH SCHOOLS.

CAPITATION GRANT.

A

UNIVE

Total

Higher Classes.

Remove Classes.

Lower Classes.

Capitation

Senior.

Grants: Columns

1

Average Attend-

Rate. Total.

Average Attend-

2 Rate. Total.

auce.

$

ance.

Average Attend-

ance.

3 Rate. Total.

1,

2 & 3.

No. of Rate. T Pupils.

$

R. C. M.

8

2011

580

527

89

24

2.136

185 20

3,700 253 16

4,048 9,884

8 & Inf.

197

444

400

50

24

1,200

68

20

1,360

282 16

11

4,512

7,072

7 & Inf.

183

171

128

19

24

456

24

20

480

85 16

1,360

2,296

C. of E.

8 & Inf.

205

155

128

28

24

672

30

20

600

70 16

1,120

2,392

8

200

378

319

24

1,680

90

20

1,800

159

16

2,544

6,024 17

R. C. M. 7 & Inf.

197

192

160

24

192

19

20

380

133 16

2,128

2.700

4 & Inf.

206

129

113

24

96

10

20

200

99 16

"

1,584

1,880

22 NE ::

18

12

2

8888 ::

30

30

30

30

Mission.

Ber. M. C. M. S.

L. M. S.

Number of

Standards.

1,390

2,049

1,775 | 268.

6,432

426

8,520 1,081

17,296

32,248

49

1.

VERNACULAR SCHOOLS.

(Upper Grade.)

Number

of Maximum School Enrolment.

Pays.

Attendance.

Rate.

Total Capitation Grant.

684

6

1001-00

258

80

7678

9

212

198

167

11

1,837

2361

124

117

11

1,287

216

229

200

11

2,200

631

562

6,008

VERNACULAR

(Lower Grade.)

SCHOOLS.

R. C. M.

وو

17

L. M. S.

6

TH LO CO TO CO

238

83

73

233

68

54

240

48

42

4

224

30

26

4

216

35

32

5

226

84

73

225

135

125

2000 00 00 00

219

162

126

78

96

292

375

II.

ANT UNDER

UNDER THE

THE GRANT CODE OF 1910.

SCHOOLS.

r Classes.

A

Total

Capitation Grants: Columns

3

7

Rate. Total.

1, 2 & 3.

$

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATION GRANT.

Senior.

5

Junior.

6

B

Grand Total

Total

9

of

University

Honours.

Refund of Fees

Exam.

Rent

Grants:

Grants:

Grant.

Columns

7

Columns

A & B.

5, 6, 7 & 8

$

$

$

*

No. of Rate. Total.] No. of Rate. Total. No. of Rate. Total. Pupils.

$

$$

Pupils.

$ Pupils.

16

4,048

9,884

18

16

4,512

7,072 12

16

1,360 2,296

16

1,120

16 2,544

2,392 6,024 17

2

8888

30

540

30

30

360

9

30

60 11

30

510 22

16

2,128

2,700

16

1,584 1,880

121 1210:

15

150

480.

1,470

11,354

15

135

210

705

7.777

2,296

15

165

130

355

2,747

...

15

330

3

100 300

390

1,530

7,554

2,700

1,880

17,296 32,248

49

1,470 72

1,080

?

SCHOOLS.

ade.)

Total Capitation Grant.

684 1,837- 1,287

2,200

6,008

SCHOOLS.

ide.)

219

162

126

78

96

292

375

CO

3

300 1,210

4,060

36,308

+

:

Grand

:

Rent Grant.

Total

of

Grants.

$

684

480

2,317

1,287

2,200

480

6,488

219

162

126

78

200

296

240

532

375

192

364

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Mission.

17

Berlin Foundling House, (G.)

**

18

Fairlea, (G.)

**

19

20

Victoria Home and Orphanage, (G.) ** Training Home for Girls, **

4

Ber. M.

C. M. S.

""

L. M. S.

7678

Number of

Standards.

V EX

Number

of

Maximum

Attendance.

Rate.

School Enrolment.

Days.

258

80

7678

9

2123

198

167

11

2361

124

117

11

216

229

200

11

631

562

VERNACU

(L

22

24

28

29

No. 15 Western Street, (B.)

30

33

No. 199 Queen's Road East, (G.)

34

35

36

No. 26 Caine Road (G.)* No. 159 Wanchai Road (M.)* * Aberdeen, (M.) * *

No. 2 Taipingshan Street, (G.) **

Nos. 154 and 156 Reclamation Street, (B.)** No. 15c Wellington Street, (G.) **

Wanchai Chapel, (B.) **

***

R. C. M.

""

443

238

83

73

233

68

54

240

48

42

* *

L. M. S.

224

30

26

216.

35

32

>>

226

81

73

27

225

135

125

""

224

48

13

"

226

61

47

>>

37

Totsai Chapel, (B.)* *

215

52

48

38

No. 84 Canton Road, (G.) **

242

45

36

43

Nos. 158 and 160 Reclamation Street, (B.)*

**

225

94

86

99

44

No. 20a Aberdeen Street, (G.)* *

245

40

37

""

45

Tanglungehau Chapel, (G.)

**

202

36

34

"

46

Wanchai Chapel, (G.)*

4

(241

74

62

"

57

59

60

61

No. 6 Western Street, (G.) ** Yaumati Chapel, (G.) **.

No. 232 Hollywood Road, (G.) * * No. 20 Pokfulam Road, (G.)

C. M. S.

252

51

33

251

51

49.

22

259

62

56

>>

***

L. M. S.

234

35

24

62

No. 44 Shaukiwan East, (G.)

*****

C. M. S.

257

35

29

63

68

3888

Stanley, (M.) *

244

37

26

>>

70

No. 9 Elgin Street, (G.) **. Kowloon City, (G.)

W. M.

249

47

39

C. M. S.

248

57

36

23

Total Number of Schools 34.

1,308

1,110

Grand Total,

3,988

3,447

NOTE.-R, C. M.

Roman Catholic Mission.

C. of E.

Church of England.

C. M. S.

Church Missionary Society.

Ber. M.

Berlin Mission.

L. M. S.

London Missionary Society.

B. M.

Basel Mission.

W. M.

B.

-Wesleyan Mission.

=Boys.

G.

-Girls.

M.

-Mixed.

no co co co + Thi co co co co co on - co no #HCO ab eo

Number of

Standards.

VERNACULAR SCHOOLS.

(Upper Grade.)

Number

of

Maximum School Enrolment. Days.

7

}

161-00

Attendance.

Rate.

Total

Capitation Grant.

258

80

7678

9

684

212

198

167

11

1,837

236

124

117

11

1,287

216

229

200

11

2,200

631

562

6,008

VERNACULAR

(Lower Grade.)

SCHOOLS.

*

238

83

73

5

233

68

54

3

240

48

42

224

30

26

216

35

32

5

226

84

73

6

225

135

125

4

224

48

43

226

61

47

215

52

48

242

45

36

225

94

86

∞ OF C# CTIA INTIP COA

245

40

37

3

202

36

34

4

241

74

62

252

51

33

251

51

49.

259

62

56

234

35

24

257

35

29

244

37

26

5

249

47

39

3

248

57

36

1,308

1,110

d Total,

3,988

3,447

c Mission. land.

nary Society.

nary Society.

ion.

co co co co 20 < 20 +

- CO Gn ed

219

162

126

78

96

292

375

172

141

144

108

258

111

102

248

99

147

224

96

116

78

117 108

3,617

41,873

**

=

School year ends 30th

School year ends 31st Nos. 25, 26, 50, 51 and

In these schools the actual black) has exceeded t red). The grant is cal

SCHOOLS.

Total Capitation Grant.

684

1,837 1,287

2,200

6,008

CHOOLS.

Grand

Rent Grant.

Total

of Grants.

684

480

2,317

1,287

2,200

480

6,488

219 162

219

162

126

126

78

78

96

200

296

292

240

532

375

375

172

192

364

141

141

144

144

108

80

188

258

218

476

111

180

291

102

248

99

147

224

96

116

78

117

108

102

248

136

235

147

224

115

212

72

188

78

280

397

90

198

3,617

41,873

*

**

School year ends 30th June, 1917.

School year ends 31st December, 1917. Nos. 25, 26, 50, 51 and 74 closed,

In these schools the actual average attendance (shewn in

black) has exceeded the estimated number (shewn in red). The grant is calculated on the estimated number.

1,804

5,421

2,284

48,217

:

Appendix Q.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC WORKS FOR THE YEAR 1917.

Expenditure.

1. The amounts voted, as compared with those actually expended by the Department under the various headings, were as follows:

Amount voted.

Actual Expenditure.

In Estimates.

Supplemen- tary Votes.

Total.

(i) Personal Emoluments

and Other Charges, 464,981.00

(ii) Annually

Works,

17,207.57 482,188,57 402,772.20

Recurrent

589,200.00

(iii) Extraordinary Works,... 1,545,400.00

64,770.09 653,970.09 609,308.45

522,529.92 2,067,929.92 1,612,836.28

Total..........$ 2,599,581.00

604,507.58 3,204,088.58 | 2,624.915.93

-

Detailed statements of (ii) and (iii) are given in Annexes A and B.

With regard to (i), the saving is due to vacancies in the Staff, lapsing pay of Officers who are on Active Service, refunds on account of supervision of work executed by the Department for various public companies and the higher rate of exchange (average 2/74) which prevailed throughout the year as compared with that adopted (1/11) when the Estimates were framed.

In the case of (ii), savings occurred under the following sub- heads as set forth below

Maintenance of Buildings,

Hongkong.

$8,317.60

Improvements to Buildings,

570.37

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in City, Improvements to Roads and Bridges in City, Maintenance of Roads and Bridges outside City,

$26.73

195.45

332.96

Improvements to Roads and Bridges outside City, Maintenance of Telephones, including all Cables, Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahıs, etc.,

451.86

1,897.22

812.74

Gas Lighting, City and Suburbs and Hill District,

1,067.84

Expenditure.

Q ?

Electric Lighting, City, Hill District and Shaukiwan,... $216.60

Maintenance of Public Cemetery,

295.19

Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,

755.91

Maintenance of Public Recreation Grounds,

828.30

Dredging Foreshores,

4,411.60

Maintenance of Buildings,

Water Account, (Meters, etc.),.....

Improvements to Buildings,.

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges, Maintenance of Telephones,

Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, etc.,

Gas Lighting,

Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries, Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages, Maintenance of Water Works,.... Water Account, (Meters, etc.),

4,425.79

Kowloon.

.$ 1,434.24

763.46

385.61

709.76

2,189.61

477.60

434.12

205.10

685.83

2,339.73

New Territories.

Maintenance of Buildings,

Improvements to Buildings,

$ 452.40 272.50

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,.

187.01

Maintenance of Telephones,

2,751.89

Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, etc.,

234.95

Water Account, (Meters, etc.),..

268.53

The savings were considerably more than counterbalanced by excesses on other sub-heads, the principal of which were as follows:-

:-

Maintenance of Lighthouses,

Hongkong.

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

Maintenance of City and Hill District Water Works,

Kowloon.

Improvements to Roads and Bridges,

Electric Lighting,

$ 1,314.84

9,386.60 41,036.20

.$ 2,844.12 312.99

New Territories.

Electric Lighting, Shamshuipo,

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages, Maintenance of Laichikok Water Works,

$ 166.11 2,201.86 2,194.24

The excess on "Maintenance of Lighthouses" was due to the erection of a new beacon on the rock in Cheung Chau Channel ; those on "Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages" to the heavy rains of the 15th and 16th July, when 12" of rain fell, and to the typhoon of the 13th August; that on "Maintenance of City and Hill District Waterworks" to the increased amount of pumping owing to the unfortunate distribution of the rainfall during 1916 and the new reservoir at Taitam Tuk becoming available and to the increased cost of coal; that on "Improvements to Roads and Bridges in Kowloon to the construction of a short length of road from Yaumati Theatre

Expenditure.

to Yaumati School, to link up the northern and southern portions of Nathan Road; those on "Electric Lighting, Kowloon and New Territories", to extensions of lighting in Waterloo Road and Sham- shuipo and that on" Maintenance of Laichikok Waterworks" to the laying of a larger main in order to supply the water boats.

Comparison of Expenditure, 1916 and 1917.

2. The following is a statement of the expenditure in 1917 as compared with that of the previous year:-

1916.

1917.

Increase.

Decrease.

c.

$ c.

شکر

e.

(i) Personal Emoluments andj

Other Charges,

(ii) AnnuallyRecurrent Works! 624,872.51

..

400,934.11

402,772.20

1.838.00

609,308.45

15.56 16G

(iii) Extraordinary Works, .. 1,246,871.75 | 1,612,835.28

365,963,53

Total, $ 2,272,678.37 | 2,624,915.93

367,801,62

15,564.06

Item (i). The small increase in the first item is due to in- creases under "Other Charges", the item Upkeep of Plant “ having been transferred to this heading from "Annually Recurrent Works", under which it formerly appeared. The expenditure under "Personal Emoluments" was less by $4,416.45 in 1917 than in 1916. The average rate of exchange for 1917 was 2/7 against 2/14 for 1916.

Item (ii).—The decrease under this head is principally accounted for by the elimination of the sub-head "Upkeep of Plant" (expendi- ture in 1916, $20,763.41), and largely reduced expenditures under the headings "Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages" ($12,203.64), "Dredging Foreshores" ($7,098.71), "Water Account" ($8,438.84). and "Maintenance of Telephones" ($3,000.35). Increases occurred under the sub-heads "Maintenance of Water Works, City and Hill District" ($39,266.94), “Maintenance of Buildings, New Territor- ies", ($9,021.20), "Stores Depreciation "($4,707.19), "Improve- ments to Roads and Bridges, Kowloon", ($2,849.67), “ Maintenance of Water Works, Laichikok", ($2,314.19), and Maintenance of Lighthouses" ($2,056.54).

Item (iii). The large increase under this head occurs entirely under the sub-heads "Compensation and Resumptions", the expenditure under which during 1917 amounted to $464,016,04 as compared with $14,951.60 during 1916. It is impossible to institute any useful comparison between the amounts expended under Public Works Extraordinary during any two years. The principal item under "Compensation and Resumptions". was the resumption of Morrison Hill for which a sum of $275,000 was paid.

Water Works Revenue.

Revenue from Water Works.

3. Water Works Revenue.-The following is a statement of the revenue derived from Water Works during the year 1917-

Excess Con- sumption,

Rates 2%.

- Total.

$

C.

City: including Wongneichong Village and properties bordering Shaukiwan Road,

Hill District,

95,850.14

238,397.59 334,247.73

4,883.16

6,496.33 11,879.49

Pokfulam District,

2,095.55

2,095.55

Kowloon including Shamshuipo and

Kowloon City,

47,722,43

33,409.82

81,132.25

Aberdeen,

3,817.50

369.73

4 187.23

:

Shaukiwan,

:

1,498.08

2,780.85

4,278.93

Laichikok,

28,269.06

28,269.06

Total,

184,135.92 281,454.32 | 465,590.24

4. Comparison of Water Works Revenue, 1916 and 1917.- The following is a comparative statement of the revenue derived from Water Works during the years 1916 and 1917:-

:

:

City (as above stated),

Hill District,...

Pokfulam District,

Kowloon (as above stated),

Aberdeen,

Shaukiwan,

Laichikok,

:

:

.:.

:.

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1916.

1917.

$

C.

$ C.

334,247.73

319,988.28

11,466.10 11,379.49

1,993.83

2,095.55

78,622.32

81,132.25

4,135.18

4,187.23

3,473.86

4,278.93

21,086.74

28,269.06

Total,

470 766.61 465,590.24

The only decreases occurred in the case of the City ($15,740.55) and the Hill District ($86.61). In all other cases, there were increases in the revenue. The total decrease amounted to $5,176.37.

2

Land Sales, &c.

Q 5

Land Sales and Surveys,

5. Land Sales, Extensions, Grants, &c.—The following tabulated statement gives particulars of these :-

Sales by Auction. Island of Hongkong,..... Kowloon Peninsula,.

N. T., New Kowloon,..

-

19

Northern District,

Southern District,

Sales without Auction. Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula,...... N. T., New Kowloon,

"

27

Northern District, Southern District,

No. of Lots.

Area in Sq. Feet.

Annual Rent.

Premium.

Total.

Total.

Total.

Total.

C.

$

C.

C.

C.

5

133,776 55,957

1,050.00

660.00

47,358.00 50,087.00

163

:35

1,827,781

314.30

8,094.00

26

57,980

86.20

649.00

201

2,075,494

2,110.50

106,188.00

100

142,278

84.56

1,043.40

32

21,304

33.70

188,00

132

163,582

118.26

1,531.10

Extensions Granted,

Island of Hongkong,

18

15,916

142.83

2,818.08

Kowloon Peninsula,.

4

303,434

2,444.00

37,606.79

New Territories,

25

3,682

9.92

1,085.70

24

323,032

2,596.75

41,510,57

"}

"}

Conversions and Exchanges.

Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula,.. N. T., New Kowloon,

Northern District, Southern District,

10

18

HHOT∞

1

4,000

9.78

15,310

176.00

3,062.00

16,916

88.00

162.75

7

16,975

8.34

20.50

51,884

148.33

1,033.10

37

105,085

430.45

4,278.35

Grants on Nominal

Terms.

Island of Hongkong,

2

21,700

1.00

Kowloon Peninsula,.

New Territories,

...

2

21,700

1.00

Grants on Short Leases.

Island of Hongkong,

5

7,238

46.00

Kowloon Peninsula,.

New Territories,

246

1,929,325

195.00

251

1,936,563-

241.00

Permits to occupy Land

for Short Periods.

Island of Hongkong,

531

15,596.04

Kowloon Peninsula,..

222

13,212.25

New Territories,

121

4,151.80

N. T., let by A.D.O., N.,

330

""

"" 19

A.D.O., S.,

689

453.50 834.00

1,893

34,247.59

Extensions of Short

Leases to 75 years.

Island of Hongkong,.......... Kowloon Peninsula,. New Territories,

Quarries.

Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula, New Territories,

Prospecting and Mining

Licences.

New Territories,

10

270

3,742,675

3,989.00

1,463,616

7,890.00

17,045,412

10,038.22

19

22,251,703

21,917.22

3

1,250.00

1,250.00

Total,...

2,562

26,877,159

62,912,77

$ 153,508.32

>

Land Sales, &c.

Q 6

The actual amount of premium paid into the Treasury during the year was $161,851.43, or considerably less than the estimate, which amounted to $200,000. It included the following sums which

do not appear in the tabulated statement:-

Premium derived from sale of rights to erect piers = $8,959.60

Fees for boundary stones to mark lots,

Premium for permission to build upon portions of K.M.L. 11 (Hongkong and Kowloon Wharf and Godown Company.)

1,306.30

1,157.10

A sum of $275.26, representing over-charges in premium, was refunded to the owners of two lots. It comprises the following:-

No. of Lot.

Premium.

Remarks.

$

I. L. 2182

165.50

Area found to be less than that stated in Sale Condi- tions.

I. L. 2053

109.76

Do.

do.

The following amounts which were due in respect of tran- sactions arranged during 1917 had not been paid into the Treasury

before the close of the year:-

Premium for K.I.L. 1352 granted in exchange for

F.L. 22, Sec. A,

Charge for boundary stones for F.L. 22, Sec. A,

Premium for an extension to Kowloon Permanent

Pier No. 23,

Amount received by District Officer, North, but not

brought to account,

$3,062.00

25.00

742.80

17.89

The following is a comparative statement of the Revenue derived from Land Sales, etc., for the years 1915-1917 :-

*

Land Sales, &c.

1915.

1916.

1917.

C.

C.

$

C.

Sales by Auction,

24,736.00

213,171,00

Sales without Auction,

8,589.80

76,215.56

106,188.00 1.531,40

Extensions granted,

7,044,88

21,137.95

41,510,57

Grants on Nominal Terms,

Grants on Short Leases,

Extensions of Short Period Leases to 75

years,

210.00

Premia derived from sale of rights to

erect piers,

51,099.96

35.209.02

9.702.40

Fees for Boundary Stones to mark lots...

1,482.50

1,502.20

1.331.30

Re-adjustments in longkong, Kowloon

and New Territories,

Conversions and Exchanges,

Premium for Encroachments,

Premium for permission to build upon portions of Kowloon Marine Lots Nos. 10, 11 and 12,

4,023.19

2,712.56

4,278.35

......

Total,

558.60

1,157.10

96,976.33

350,716.89 165,699.12

Actual amount of premium paid into the

Treasury,

.$ 96,977.60

350,716.89 161,851.43

6. Sales by Auction.-Seven lots were sold in Hongkong and five in Kowloon which realized $47,358.00 and $50,087.00 res- pectively. The District Officer at Taipo sold 163 small lots which realized $8,094.00 and the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong 26 lots which realized $649.00.

The following are details of the principal Land Sales:--

No. of Lot.

Area in Crown sq. ft.

rent.

K.I.L. 1351, 3,600 $.50 K.I.L. 1350, 27,050

Premium. Rate realized.

$3,850.00 $1.07 per sq. ft.

310

27,050.00 1.00

K.I.L. 1352, 8,507

"

98

8,507.00 1.00

K.I.L. 1307. 3.600

>>

50

2,760.00

.77

I.L. 2235,

93

20,618

212

15,150.00 .73

I.L. 2234.

"

16,569

172

11,050.00

.66

I.L. 2237,

>>

25,000

172

6,250.00

.29

39

7. Sales without Auction.There were no sales under this heading in Hongkong or Kowloon.

In the New Territories, Taipo Inland Lot No. 10, containing an area of 10,729 square feet, was sold with the approval of the Secretary of State, the premium paid being $321.87 and the Crown rent $24.00. The District Officer at Taipo sold 99 lots and the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong sold 32 lots by private treaty.

Land Sales, &c.

8. Extensions Granted. The extensions granted in Hongkong comprised additional areas to Marine Lot No. 285, Inland Lots Nos. 2060, 2094, 2166, 2089, 1931, 2140, 1883, and 2205, Rural Building Lots Nos. 2 (Sec. A) and 138, Farm Lot No. 82 and Shaukiwan Inland Lots Nos. 394, 395, 420, 437, 438, and 440.

In Kowloon, extensions were granted to Kowloon Inland Lots Nos. 1113, 1261 and 950 and to Hunghom Marine Lot No. 3. In the case of the latter, an extra area of 301,617 square feet was granted to the Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Co., Ltd. for the purpose of constructing slips for ship-building. One of the extensions granted in the New Territories resulted from an exchange of areas in order to secure a better site for the erection of a market at Shamshuipo, the area granted by Government being somewhat larger than that surrendered to Government. The other extension in connection with Lot 535 in Survey District I was arranged by the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong. No extensions were granted in the case of lands coming under the control of the District Officer at Taipo.

9. Conversions and Exchanges.-In Hongkong, Shaukiwan Inland Lot 442 was granted in exchange for Shaukiwan Inland Lot 137, as the latter lot interfered with a proposed new main road. In Kowloon, a new lot, designated Kowloon Inland Lot 1353 was granted in exchange for Section A of Farm Lot 22, which interfered with a projected laying-out scheme near Causeway Bay.

In New Kowloon, the following exchanges were arranged in connection with the re-laying out of Shamshuipo Village :-

Old Lots.

2498, S.D. IV.

2311,

2321,

""

"

2298 and 2533, S.D. IV.

1806, 1807 & 2310, S.D. IV.

2374, S.D. IV.

New Lots.

N.K.I.L. 157.

155.

19

159.

33

པ༷

162.

163 & 164.

"

165.

""

2297, and 2366, S.D. IV.

172.

39

2350, S.D. IV.

177.

21

2577. S.D. IV.

178.

In the New Territories, 7 conversions and exchanges were arranged by the District Officer at Taipo and 18 by the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong, particulars of which will be found in the Land Officer's Report.

10. Grants on Nominal Terms.--In Hongkong, two areas were granted to the Tung Wah Hospital Authorities, one containing an area of 15,700 square feet, for a cemetery, and the other, containing an area of 6,000 square feet, for an extension of their mortuary (I.L. 1572) at Sandy Bay.

There were no grants under this heading in Kowloon or in the New Territories.

Land Sales, &c.

11. Grants on Short Leases.-Five such grants were made in Hongkong, viz., Inland Lots 1333, 1334, 1335, 1353 and 2233, occupied by the intermediate stations and car-sheds of the Peak Tramway, for which new leases for a period of nine years, com- mencing from 26/12/16, at a total annual Crown rent of $46.00, were granted.

The rent of the Old Post Office Building (leased for a period extending from 1st January, 1916, to 31st December, 1918, at a monthly rental of $1,510.00) was reduced to $1,380.00 per month.

There were no grants under this heading in Kowloon.

In the New Territories, 245 lots, containing an area of 1,928,455 square feet, were let by the District Officer at Taipo, and one lot, containing an area of 870 square feet, by the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong for terms varying from one to five years.

12. Permits to occupy lands, &c., for Short_periods.--These were of a very miscellaneous character and too numerous to admit.of individual mention; most of them were for small areas to be held on half-yearly permits.

13. Extensions of Short Period Leases to 75 years.-There is nothing to report under this heading.

14. Quarries.-The following Quarry Lots were let by tender for the periods mentioned below :

Shaukiwan Quarry Lots 3 ard 4. Tsat Tsz Mui

Fuk Tsun Heung,

Hok Un

Ma Tau Kok

Yaumati

Ngau Tau Kok

from 1/1 17 to 31:12 17.

I

""

"J

""

93

"

,,

""

17

2,

12,

65,

"

8.

""

11,

"

"

>

1-11, 14, 19-22 & 25,, 1-30

51

,,

35

7,

>>

Sai Tso Wan

1-16,

2.5

Jordan Road

10,...

""

"

""

""

39

11

"

"

"

Lyemun

Mati

1-25, 9.

""

多谢

"

""

13

Cha Kwo Liang Ma Tau Kok

A

In several cases, a number of quarry lots are included in one letting hence the reason why the numbers in tabulated statement (paragraph 5) appear as 19 in all.

In the New Territories (Northern District), the rents of Lung Ku Tan Quarry Lots 1 and 2 were reduced by 50% for the 6 months ending 31st May, 1917, the term of lease being extended, without auction, to 31st December, 1917. Cheung Chau Quarry Lot No. 726 was let for a period of one year, commencing from 1st April, 1917, Chik Lap Kok Quarry Lot No. 2 for a period of one year, commenc- ing from 1st September, 1917, and Tsing I Quarry Lot No. 1 for a period of one year, commencing from 1st December, 1917, by the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong.

Land Sales, &c.

Q10

15. Prospecting and Mining Licences. Two mining licences and one prospecting licence were issued in the New Territories as follows:

District.

Shataukok (mining licence),.

Taipo

),.....

Tsun Wan (prospecting licence)

Period.

1/9/17 to 31 8/18

1/9/17 to 31/8/18

1/12/17 to 31/5/18

16. Resumptions.-Inland Lot 2026, situated on Kennedy Road and containing an area of 8,700 square feet, was resumed by Govern- ment at a cost of $4,250 as it was considered that the class of houses which it was proposed to erect on the lot would be detrimental to the neighbourhood. Inland Lot 1585, containing an area of 750 square feet, was resumed at a cost of $810.81. This lot had been granted in 1900 on payment of premium and Crown rent, in con- sideration of certain claims advanced by the holder of a private latrine, the removal of which had become necessary owing to develop- nfents in the neighbourhood of Ship Street. The lot had however never been occupied and, in consequence of still further develop- ments, it became necessary to resume it. A portion of Inland Lot 710, containing an area of 78 square feet, was resumed at a cost of $385.32 for the provision of a scavenging lane. Sums of $8,250 and $9,000 respectively were paid by Government in connection with the resumption of the riding-floors, Nos. 107 and 127 Queen's Road Central, over the south ends of Hing Loong Street (M.L. 53A) and Wing On Street (I.L. 2004). The riding-floors were demolished. Inland Lots 1918 (area 59,700 square feet) and 84 (area 790,614 square feet), comprising nearly the whole of Morrison Hill, were resumed at a cost of $80,000 and $275,000 respectively in connection with the projected Praya East Reclamation Scheme. Portions of Inland Lots 625 and 626, containing a total area of 984 square feet, were resumed at a cost of $4,860.96 for the provision of scavenging lanes. A portion of Marine Lot 111, containing an area of 2,114 square feet, was resumed at a cost of $4,228.00 for the purpose of providing scavenging lanes. A portion of Marine Lot 110, contain- ing an area of 6,564 square feet, was resumed for the provision of a public street at a cost of $13,128. Portions of Marine Lot 23, con- taining an area of 12,961 square feet, were resumed at a cost of $38,883.00 for the formation of a new street and for the widening of Tsui In Lane to form a 30-foot street.

A sum of $142.50 was paid in connection with the resumption of certain cultivated lots which fell within the extended boundaries of R.B.L. 132 (Brick Works near Deep, Water Bay).

The following sums were paid in respect of resumptions. necessitated by the construction of a new road through Aberdeen Village, viz:-

(a) $556 compensation for removal of portions of buildings

from Aberdeen I.L's 42 and 47.

(b) $250 for removal of a structure on Aberdeen M.L. 2. (c) $1,200 for the removal of structures on Aberdeen I.L. 62,

a new lot being granted in exchange for the old one.

1

Q 11

Land Sales, &c.

In Kowloon,* portions of K.I.L.'s 412 and 574, containing 2,514 square feet and 531 square feet, were resumed by Govern- ment at a cost of $2,514.50 and $929.25 respectively for the pro- vision of scavenging lanes. A portion of K.I.L. 1133, amounting to 2,064 square feet, was resumed at a cost of $2,064 to enable à second block of quarters for Subordinate Officers to be erected near the junction of Cox's Path with Jordan Road. Section E of K.L.L. 108, containing an area of 834.34 square feet, together with the structures thereon, was resumed at a cost of $939.78 in connection with the development of an area of Crown land adjoining Nathan Road. K.I.L. 935 was re-entered for non-payment of Crown rent.

In New Kowloon, the following sums were paid for resumptions in connection with the Shamshuipo Improvement Scheme, riz:-

$1,174.36 for Lot 2545, S.D. IV, and buildings thereon.

2361 & 2394, S.D. IV, & buildings thereon.

1.382.95

""

1,103.50

2367

""

93.00

2467

33

"

222.00

2468

""

399.00

2470,

21

263.00

2490

>>

19

21

2,300.00

12

2309 & 2534,

2

777.00

22

2511 & 2513,

""

""

1,800.00

22

303.00

2466 & 3202, 2374

"

}

Lot 2321 was also resumed, a new area, viz., N.K.I.L. 159, being granted in exchange for the lot and the sum of $275 paid as compensation for the buildings. Lots 1806, 1807 and 2310 were also resumed, new lots being granted in exchange and a sum of $16.80, representing the difference in value between the old and new lots, being awarded to the lessee. The amount had not how- ever been paid at the close of the year. In the case of two other lots also (2344 and 2346), which were resumed, the amount of com- pensation awarded ($1,241.30) had not been paid at the close of the

year.

The following sums were paid for resumptions in connection with the construction of a road connecting Shamshuipo with the Kowloon Road System, the cost of the resumptions being defrayed out of the vote for that work, viz. "Branch road from Shanghai Street to Shamshuipo "

$679.64 for Lot 2512, S.D. IV, and buildings thereon.

78.32 44.32

2514, 2515,

39

+

ንጉ

19

""

1,510.81

2519,

"

93

429.00

"

2526,

"2

A

25

403.30

2527,

391.72

2528,

62.15

2529,

"5

1

380.00 221.85 2,095.00

"

"2

2281, 2289, 2280,

"5

""

>"

""

""

29

* The resumption, in 1915, of Hunghom I.L. 198. Remaining Portion, containing 19,600 square feet, at a cost of $21,560, and of Hunghom 1.L. 249, containing 750 square feet, at a cost of $1,550, and, in 1916, of Hunghom I.L, 201, con- taining 1,876 square feet, at a cost of $4,000, was omitted to be recorded in the Reports for the years mentioned. Compensation for all these lots, which were required for the purpose of extending the Railway Carriage Sheds was defrayed from Railway funds.

Land Sales, &c.

Q 12

Lot 5916, S.D.I., containing an area of 68,398 square feet, was resumed at a cost of $7.667.79 in connection with the Kowloon Bay Reclamation Scheme, the cost of the resumption being borne by the Promoters of the scheme. N.K.I.L. 114 was re-entered for non-pay- ment of Crown rent.

In the Northern District, 195 lots, containing an area of 316,534 square feet, were resumed for various reasons at a cost of $1,489.40 and 240 lots were either surrendered or were re-entered for non-payment of Crown rent.

In the Southern District, 442 lots, containing an area of 875,556 square feet, were resumed for various reasons at a cost of $29,676.52 and 24 lots were either surrendered or were re-entered for non-pay- ment of Crown rent.

17. Lease Plans.-Plans and particulars (in duplicate) of 136 lots and piers were prepared and forwarded to the Land Officer in connection with the issue of leases.

18. Boundary Stones.—Boundary stones were fixed for 30 lots in Hongkong, 6 lots in Kowloon and 24 lots in the New Territories.

19. Surveys.-Work in connection with the Ordnance Survey of the Colony was greatly curtailed during the year owing to the fact that two members of the staff were allowed to proceed home for Military Service, two others having been permitted to do so in pre- vious years. The Survey of Kowloon City, covering an area of about 74 acres and containing some 1,940 houses, and of certain small areas in the New Territories was completed and plotted on the Ordnance Survey Sheets. Considerable progress has been made with a detailed survey of the village of Shamshuipo and ad- joining agricultural holdings. When completed, these will be plotted on the Ordnance Sheets, being subsequently reduced to a scale of 200′1′′ and included in the general map of Kowloon. Additional portions of the Central, Eastern and Western Districts of the City were surveyed and plotted to a scale of 1 inch 50 feet. Numerous surveys were undertaken for the purpose of defining the boundaries of lots or for the preparation of sale and lease plans, etc., and, when- ever practicable, such surveys were plotted direct on the Ordnance Sheets.

A considerable amount of survey work was carried out in con- nection with the setting out of that section of the new Coastal Road which extends from the 3rd mile-post on the Taipo Road to Laichikok. All lots of agricultural land through which the road passes were surveyed with a view to their resumption. The same was done in connection with a projected main road extending from near Mataukok to the proposed Kowloon Bay Reclamation, the trace of which passes for some considerable distance through cultivated areas.

A considerable amount of work was done in connection with lots at Pokfulam which were surveyed and plotted to a scale of 200' to an inch.

Q 13

Land Sales, &c.

Numerous soundings were taken in connection with various applications for Marine Lots and projected reclamation schemes at A plichau.

The surveyor stationed in the New Territories was transferred to Tai O, for the survey of Tai O Village which is now progressing.

The following villages in the New Territories were surveyed and plotted during the year :-Nei Wai, Shung Fung Wai, Chung Uk Tsuen, Fong Kong Tsuen, Sha Kong Mi, Sha Kong Po, Ngao Hom San Tsuen, Ngao Hom, Nam Shi Wat, Tin Sum Wai, Sai Shan Tsuen, Li Uk Tsuen (new), Shek Po Tsuen, Shek Po Wai, Li Uk Tsuen (old), Mong Tsing Un Ling Tsai, Mong Tsing Kak Tin Tsuen and Mong Tsing Wai, Tin Sum Tsuen.

20. Sites for Booths at the Race Course. A sum of $13,432 was realized by the letting of sites by auction for the erection of booths and stands at Happy Valley during the Race Meeting.

21. Squatters.

22. Military Lands. 23. Naval Lands.

There is nothing to report under these headings.

24. Piers.-The only grant in Hongkong under long lease was that of permanent pier No. 32 (opposite Marine Lot 321). In Kow- loon, a grant was made on long lease of Kowloon Permanent Pier No. 36 (opposite Kowloon Marine Lot 62). Extensions were granted to Kowloon Permanent Pier No. 35 (opposite Kowloon Marine 91) and Kowloon Permanent Pier No. 23 (opposite Kowloon Marine Lot 88). Licences for the following temporary piers were issued or renewed:-12 in Hongkong, 16 in Kowloon and 9 in the New Territories. Licences were also issued or renewed for 13 slipways in Hongkong, 3 in Kowloon and 2 in the New Territories, the total fees for which amounted to $3,835.

The premia derived in respect of permanent pier rights. amounted to $7,486.40 and temporary piers to $2,216.00.

25. Cemeteries.--In Hongkong, a lot, containing an area of 15,700 square feet, was granted to the Tung Wah Hospital Authorities for a cemetery. An extension, containing an area of 6,000 square feet, was also granted to the Tung Wah Hospital Authorities in connection with their mortuary at Sandy Bay (I.L. 1572).

Work under the Buildings Ordinance.

26. By-laws and Regulations.-No new by-laws or regulations affecting constructional work were passed during the year nor were any amendments made.

27. Plans.-There has been a slight increase in the number of plans dealt with as compared with 1916, there being a consider- able increase as regards new buildings, and a decrease as regards alterations and additions to existing buildings. The following is a tabulated statement showing the number of buildings, &c., for which plans were deposited during the year, the figures for 1916 being given in a parallel column for purposes of comparison :-

1916.

1917.

Increase.

Decrease.

B. Q. Work.

14

7

European Honses,

75

85

Chinese Houses,.....

392

495

ទីផ

10

103

Buildings and structures other than

the above,

142

175

33

Alterations and additions to exist-

ing buildings,

2.502

2,377

125

Verandahs,

222

216

6

Balconies,

170

151

19

Sunshades.

23

34

11

Areas,

Piers,

5

00

Total,

3,528

3,538

160

150

28. Certificates.-The following certificates for new buildings were issued:

103 for 335 domestic buildings under Section 204 of

Ordinance 1 of 1993.

50 for 63 non-domestic buildings.

These figures show increases of 21 in the number of domestic buildings and of 13 in the number of non-domestic buildings, or a total increase of 34 as compared with 1916.

29. Notices and Permits.-The following is a tabulated state- ment of the notices served and permits issued during the year, the figures for 1916 being given in a parallel column for purposes of comparison:-

1916.

1917.

Increase. Decrease.

Dangerous Structure Notices,

169

190

21

Miscellaneous Norices.....

416

239

Private Street Improvement

249

Notices,

426

Nuisances reported by Officers of

the Sanitary Department,

2.649

2,566

Permits,

1,797

1,865

68

Fees collected on account of the issue of permits to obtain sand and stone from Crown land,

:

83

38

:

$1,305.25 $1,547.70 $242.25

The amount

In cases where permits had been lost, a fee of $2.00 was charged in each case before a new permit was issued. collected from this source was $54.00 as compared with $32.00 in 1916.

* In previous reports the notices served in connection with Private Street Improvements (including improvements to footpaths in public streets under privately-owned verandahs and balconies) have been included under the item "Miscellaneous Notices."

15

B. O. Work.

The following is a tabulated statement of the cases in which legal proceedings were taken with regard to failure to obtain permits, the number of convictions obtained, and the amount of fines imposed :—

Nature of Offence.

No. of Cases.

No. of Convictions.

Amount of Fines.

Removal of stone, &c., from Crown land or

foreshore without permission,

15

15

498.00

Depositing materials on Crown land with-

cut permission.

11

11

25110

Erecting or maintaining matsheds without

permission,

17

16

168.00

In cases where persons who had permission to obtain stoue or other materials from Crown land had damaged trees in the vicinity, they were required to refund the cost of the damage as assessed by the Superintendent of the Botanical and Forestry Department. The amount collected from this source was $74.50, as compared with $269.50 in 1916, which was credited to "Timber Sales.'

30. Resumptions for Scavenging_Lanes, &c.—A statement of the work done will be found under the heading “Public Works Extraordinary" (paras. 116, 134 and 143).

31. Private Streets.- Re-surfacing and other repairs under the provisions of Section 186 of the Buildings Ordinance were carried out by this Department at the cost of the frontagers in the following Streets:

Lanes at rear of Nos. 1-36 Sau Wa Fong and Nos. 2-14 St. Francis Street. Tai Wong Street East. Ming Yan Lane.

Lane on the east side of Queen's and Prince's Buildings.

Wing Kut Street. New Market Street. Tsung Sau Lanes, East

and West.

Lane at the rear of Nos. 1-23 Wing Sing Street, 1-9 Wing Lok Street, 2-30 Wing Wo Street and 179-185 Queen's Road Central. Lane at the rear of Nos. 121-131 Queen's Road West.

Lane at the rear of Nos.

75-109 First Street, and 304-336 Queen's Road West. Wing Wo Street. Kwai Wa Lane. Wo Fung Street. Kom U Street. Pan Kwai Lane.

Ko Shing Street (portions of). Li Sing Street.

Lane at the rear of Nos. 10-18

Ko Shing Street.

Tsz Mi Alley.

Sai Woo Lane.

Hing Hon Road (portions of). Ki Ling Lane. On Wai Lane. Tsui On Lane.

St. Stephen's Lane (portion of). Cheung Lok Street, Yanmati. Lane at rear of Nos. 363-367

Shanghai Street, Mongkoktsui.

B. O. Work.

16

32. Improvements, etc of Public Streets.-The policy of requiring houses, when undergoing reconstruction, to be built at a higher level where necessary in order to provide for the future raising of certain low-lying areas in Hongkong and Kowloon has been continued. In some cases, arrangements are made with owners whereby the ground floors of their houses are retained at their former levels upon their giving an undertaking to raise such floors when the raising of the street is carried out.

In the case of some streets, steps have been taken towards effecting improvements in the building lines whilst in others schemes for widening have been decided upon. These proposals are being carried into effect as opportunity arises. The principal schemes of this nature are referred to in last year's Report (paragraph 32).

A scheme for widening Queen's Road East between Arsenal Street and the Royal Naval Hospital, as opportunity arises, to a minimum width of 60 feet, was submitted to the Public Works Committee who unanimously agreed to recommend that it be adopted.

33. Footways.-Attention has been given to footways under balconies and verandahs, notices having been served upon owners to repair such footways. In the following cases, the necessary work has been carried out by this Department at the cost of the owners :—

48-54A and 118-122 Main

Street, Shaukiwan West.

39-47 Sai Wan Ho.

37 and 39 Whitfeild.

12 and 18 Tunglowan.

2 Warren Street.

1-9, 17-25 and 2-28 Tai Wo

Street.

1 and 2 Sharp Street West. 31 Bowrington Road. 38-52 Wanchai Road. 2-44 Queen's Road East. 17-43 Cochrane Street. 1-5 Duddell Street. 1-14 Gage Street.

4, 99-155 and 142-164 Queen's

Road Central.

18 and 20 and 394-45 Bonham

Strand.

151-155 and 225 and 227

Wing Lok Street.

46 and 48 Centre Street. 35-49 High Street.

48 and 102-116 Second Street. 132-172 Third Street.

40 Des Voeux Road West. 2-24 Square Street.

67, 69, 75-85 and 141 Temple

Street.

In the case of the following new buildings erected during the year, the footways under balconies and verandahs adjoining such buildings have been surfaced by this Department at the cost of the lessees

1-12 Kam Wa Street, Shau-

kiwan East.

182-186 Main Street, Shau-

kiwan West.

1-11 Wing Hing Street. 27 Whitfeild.

5-11 Sing Woo Road, Wong-

neichong.

17 and 19 Wanchai Road. 1-15 Matheson Street.

1-23 Sharp Street East. 46-64 Queen's Road East. 9-14 and 124-126 Praya East. 94B-96в Wanchai Road. 28-30A Stanley Street. 37-39A Wellington Street. 24-36 Western Street. 69-119 Belchers Street. 24-74 Catchick Street. 89-113 Battery Street.

L

38-44 Nathan Road.

143 and 145 Portland Street. 136-146 Temple Street. 29-39 Woo Sung Street. 210-242 Canton Road. 43 and 45, 187-199A and

284-314 Reclamation Street.' 283-329 Shanghai Street.

17

--

B. O. Work.

15-18 Argyle Street. 1-13 Sham Chun Street. 80-96 Apliu Street.

40 and 42 Lai Chi Kok Road. 1-13 Tai Nan Street.

41 and 44 Tung Chan Street. 69-75 Yu Chan Street.

-

34. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages. - A considerable amount of minor damage was caused by rainstorms during the middle and latter part of July, the rainfall during the month being the greatest on record for July. The damage caused to property by typhoons was very slight.

35. Landslips.-Following severe rainstorms on the 15th and 16th July (combined rainfall 11.99 inches), a landslip occurred on the latter date at the north-east corner of St. Joseph's College play- ground (Inland Lot 579) owing to the failure of the retaining wall which supported it. The mass of earth and stone which fell carried away the Servants' Quarters at the rear of Nos. 10 and 12 Caine Road completely demolishing them and causing the death of six persons.

36. Collapses.—In addition to the collapse of the servants' quarters in the rear of Nos. 10 and 12 Caine Road, referred to in the preceding paragraph, the only other incident worth record- ing was the collapse of the roof over a portion of No. 31 Queen's Road Central. There were a few other collapses of a minor nature, which do not call for special comment.

37. Tests of Mortar.--Attention was given to the testing of mortar, 199 samples being taken from works in progress. In three cases in which the mortar was found to be below the accepted standard, legal proceedings were taken with the result that a con- viction was obtained in each case, fines amounting to $95 being inflicted.

38. Prosecutions.-The following is a tabulated statement of the cases in which legal proceedings were taken with regard to defective building work (other than defective mortar), illegal works and other nuisances, the number of convictions obtained and the amount of fines imposed:

Nature of Offence.

Defective building work,

Illegal works (¿.e., divergence from approv- ed plans, non-submission of plans before commencing building opera- tions, construction of illegal works and occupation of matsheds, &c., with- out permission),

Other nuisances (ie., non-compliance with notices issued in connection with nui- sances reported by Officers of the Sanitary Department),

No. of Cases.

No. of Convictions.

Amount of Fines.

$ 85.00

89

36

743 00

25

23

358.00

<.

:

B. O. Work.

Q 18

39. Testing Drains.-Fees amounting to $90.00 were collected on account of additional inspections of drains necessitated by carelessness or negligence on the part of the parties concerned in the carrying out of the work. This shows an increase of $70.00 as compared with 1916. 203 drainage inspections were made during the year.

40. Modifications.—Written modifications of various sections of the Ordinance were granted in 62 cases under the powers con- ferred by Section 2646. This shows an increase of 10 as compared with 1916.

41. Applications and Appeals to the Governor-in-Council under Section 265.— Applications for modifications of various sections of the Ordinance were made to the Governor-in-Council in 7 cases, 4 of which were granted, certain conditions being imposed in 2

cases.

42. Cemeteries.-Work in connection with forming new ter- races, &c., to afford additional grave spaces, was carried out in the following cemeteries:-

Mount Caroline (Sections A and C).

Kai Lung Wan (Section A).

Kai Lung Wan East (Section A and Plague Section).

Chai Wan (Section A).

Hau Pui Loong (Section A and Plague Section).

Kau Lung Tong (Section B).

Sai Yu Shek (Section A).

In addition, various paths were surfaced, roads formed and rainstorm damages repaired, whilst other works in the nature of maintenance were carried out at Mount Caroline, Kai Lung Wan, Kai Lung Wan East and Han Pui Loong.

A new survey of Kai Lung Wan East Cemetery was com- menced and was nearing completion at the end of the year.

43. Theatres Regulation Ordinance.-Forty-three licences were issued under this Ordinance during the year for the holding of various public performances. In some cases, the licences were for performances in buildings specially erected for the purpose; in some cases for existing buildings which were altered as required prior to the granting of licences; and in other cases for per- formances in the open air.

A sum of $1,540.00 was derived from fecs paid in connection with the issue of licences. This includes the following cases in which the nominal fee of $1.00 was sanctioned by the Governor-in- Council:-Helena May Institute; St. Stephen's Girls' College, Caine Road; and Reading Room, Kowloon Docks. The foregoing places are in addition to those mentioned in previous Reports.

Q 19

B. O. Work.

44. Fires. The following buildings were seriously injured by fire, some of them being damaged to such an extent as to require reconstruction :--

1 Stanley Street.

19 Jervois Street.

50 Sai Street.

110 Hollywood Road.

19 Bonham Strand.

44 & 46 Bonham Strand West.

259 & 261 Queen's Road Central.

41 Queen's Road West.

Factory on K.I.L. 1266 Ma Tau Kok.

Factory on Lot 6100, S.D. I, Hok Lo Chun.

45. Reclamations.-The following is a statement of the private reclamations which were completed or in progress during the year :--

The Old Police Basin, Kowloon Point, (completed), Extension of Marine Lot 321, North Point,

(in progress),

Area in Sq. Ft.

22,615

50.000

Hunghom Marine Lot 3, Hunghom, (in progress), 491,000

The areas stated are those of the lots which, in some cases, extend further inland than old high-water mark and are therefore not exclusively reclaimed from the sea.

In addition to the above, considerable progress was made with the works in connection with the reclamation of about 230 acres of foreshore and sea-bed at the head of Kowloon Bay, referred to in last year's Report.

46. Principal Works of a Private Nature.-A considerable extension of the School of Anatomy at the Hongkong University on I.L. 1859 was commenced.

The development of the ridge east of Happy Valley was proceeded with, five European residences being completed.

The erection of a block of offices and residential quarters for the Hongkong Electric Co., on M.L. 321, North Point, was completed, and the reclamation of an extension to the lot was commenced.

Considerable progress was made with the erection of the new building for the Missions Etrangéres on L.L. 82.

The extensions to the Italian Convent on I.L. 148, Caine Road, were completed.

Considerable progress was made with the erection of the large block of buildings for the Chinese branch of the Y.M.C.A. on I.L. 2048, Taipingshan.

B. O. Work.

20

An extensive block of buildings for carrying on the business of a tannery in accordance with modern methods, was erected on K.I.L's 640 & 1267, Ma Tau Kok.

Substantial progress was made with the formation of a large area, partially reclaimed from the sea, to the eastward of the Hong- kong & Whampoa Dock Company's premises at Hunghom, in order to provide 3 building slips, each 750 feet in length.

Amongst other works which have been commenced or completed • during the year, the following may be mentioned :---

Works commenced.

3 Chinese houses, S.I.L. 118, Shaukiwan.

""

4

10

3

>>

34

**

23

13

"

34

"

19

2

10

3

6

12

10

5

28

21

1.L. 2165, Wongneichong.

I.L. 734, Matheson Street.

I.L. 729, R.P., Sharp Street East. M.L. 43, Praya East.

I.L. 617. Pedder's Hill.

I.L. 47, Star Street.

I.L's 682 & 683, High Street, Third Street

and U Lok Lane.

M.L. 198, Queen's Road West.

K.J.L. 1173, Reclamation Street. K.I.L's 560-562, Battery Street. K.I.L. 964, Reclamation Street.

K.I.L. 1167, Reclamation Street and Shang-

hai Street.

K.L.L. 1259, Coronation Road.

K.I.L. 1263, Coronation Road.

""

K.I.L. 976, Reclamation Street.

21

6

10

9

14

5

16

""

K.I.L's 1221 & 1222, Tai Kok Tsui.

K.I.L. 1165, Canton Road.

K.I.L. 1174, Reclamation Street.

K.I.L. 714, Portland Street and Changsha

Street.

K.I.L's 951-954, Argyle Street and Canton

Road.

N.K.I.L's 68 & 69, Shamshuipo.

N.K.I.L's 103 & 106,

do.

N.K.I.L. 43,

do.

8

N.K.I.L. 158,

do.

""

N.K.I.L. 155,

do.

">

N.K.I.L. 19,

do.

2

N.K.I.L. 105,

do.

་་

N.K.I.L. 161,

do.

2 European houses, IL. 1079, Kennedy Road.

"

3

18

23

3

10

20

9

I.L. 2072, Kennedy Road.

I.L's 145 & 146, Wyndham Street. I.L. 689, Bonhain Road.

I.L. 757, Hing Hon Road.

I.L. 2091, Sands Street.

I.L. 609, St. Stephen's Lane.

Tobacco Factory, I.L's 742 & 743, Wanchai Road.

Q 21

B. O. Work.

Forming sites for buildings: -I.L. 2205, Conduit Road; R.B.L. 239, Findlay Road; L.L. 2218, Kennedy Road; 1.L. 2151, Babington Path; I.L.'s 2232, 2237 & 2238, Bowen Road; I.L. 2091, Sands Street; and N.K.I.L. 8, Kowloon Tong.

Works completed.

12 Chinese houses, S.I.L. 433, Shaukiwan.

"

3

2

"

"

1

3

37

17

14

6

15

}}

Cic.

4

8

>>

>>

6

་ད

32

2+XONNANAINO

12

13

3

5

"

"

2

::

""

""

""

S.I.L's 437 & 438, Shaukiwan.

S.I.L. 142, Shaukiwan

I.L. 2166, Whitfeild.

I.L. 1927, Wongneichong.

I.L. 2234, Whitfeild.

I.L. 730, Matheson Street, Sharp Street East

and Yiu Wah Street.

M.L. 23, Praya East, Queen's Road East,

Landale and Anton Streets.

M.L. 111, Praya East, Mallory Street and

Wanchai Road.

I.L. 2240, Mallory Street.

I.L.'s 625 and 626, First, Second and

Western Streets.

M.L. 239 Sec. B, Holland Street. K.I.L. 1261, Argyle Street.

K.I.L. 1175, Shanghai Street.

K.J.L. 3180, 182, 828 and 829, Kramer Street. K.I.L. 717, Reclamation and Shanghai Streets. K.I.L.'s 308 and 309, Reclamation Street. K.I.L. 56, Temple and Woosung Streets. K.I.L. 1304, Battery Street.

K.I.L. 1182, Portland Street.

H.H.I.L's 165 and 167, Taku Street.

N.K.I.L. 52, Shamshuipo.

N.K.I.L. 73,

do.

N.K.I.L's 92, 96, 97, 99 and 101, Sham-

shuipo.

N.K.I.I. 75, Shamshuipo.

N.K.I.L. 102, Shamshuipo.

2 European houses, I.L. 2168, Tsat Tsz Mui.

3

19 UI

00 10:00 10 STO

";

">

37

t

I

""

1

1

15

3

I.L. 1926, Wongneichong.

I.L's 1912 and 2152, Wanchai.

IL's 1944, 2089, 2094 and 2140. Ship

Street.

IL. 2081, Wanchai.

I.L. 711, Conduit Road.

I.L's 591 and 757. Bonham Road.

I.L. 2053, Babington Path.

R.B.L. 37, Pokfulam.

K.I.L. 1301, Nathan Road.

N.K.I.L. 63, Ngau Tau Kok.

Sugar drying house, M.L. 52, East Point.

Japanese Hotel, I.L. 2070, Hau Fung Lane.

Extension to St. Joseph's College, I.L. 579, Robinson Road.

B. O. Work.

22

Additional depôt for the Dairy Farm Co, I.L. 1280, Albert

Road.

Transformer Station for the Hongkong Electric Co., P.R. M.L.

71, Sutherland Street.

Godown, M.L. 300, Kennedy Town.

6 Godowns, M.L. 268, I.L's 1082 and 1298, Kennedy Town.

4 Lard Factories, M.L. 239 and L.L. 2169, Kennedy Town.

4 Cowsheds, &c., F.L's 26, 29, 38 and 82, Pokfulam.

Godown, K.I.L. 211, Canton Road.

Do., K.M.L. 91, West Bund.

Do.,

K.M.L. 91, Canton Road.

Do.,

K.M.L. 63, Sham Chun Street.

Do..

K.M.L's 62 and 63, Sham Chun Street.

3 Godowns, K.M.L's 58-61,

do.

Depôt for China Light and Power Co., K.I.L. 1307, Nathan

Road.

Extension to Diocesan Girls' School, K.I.L. 1281, Jordan Road. Pier, N.K.I.L. 46, Shamshuipo.

Smelting Factory, N.K.I.L. 48, Shamshuipo.

Box Factory, N.K.M.L. 2, Lai Chi Kok.

Pavilion, K.I.L. 571, Cheung Lok Street.

Forming sites for new buildings:-I.L. 2091, Ship Street; I.L. 2139, May Road; I.L. 2169, Kennedy Town; and I.L. 2091, Sands Street.

There were numerous other buildings besides those mentioned above, which were either commenced or completed during the year, but they were not of sufficient magnitude or importance to justify special mention.

The following buildings, &c., mentioned in last year's Report were not completed by the 31st December, 1917 :-

1 out of 7 Europeau houses, I.L. 1926, Wongueichong.

11 European houses, L.L.'s 1923 and 1945, Kennedy Road.

2

8

1

""

I.L. 1910, Kennedy Road.

I.L.'s 690 and 691, Bonham Road.

I.L. 2074, Kennedy Road.

Forming sites for buildings:-I.L.'s 1923, 1945, 2072, 2153 and 2158, Kennedy Road; I.L. 953, Belchers Street ; K.I.L's 1283 and 1284, Ho Mun Tin; K.I.L.'s 1221 and 1222, Taikoktsui; and N.K.I.L. 63, Ngau Tau Kok.

23

P.W.R. Hongkong.

PUBLIC WORKS RECURRENT.

HONGKONG.

1

47. Maintenance of Buildings.-The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following :-

Government Civil Hospital:-

"B" Block-General repairs

and painting throughout,

$2,611.35

Minor repairs,

125.02

$2,736.37

"C" Block

General repairs

and painting throughout,

1,750.70

Minor repairs,

201.28

1,951.98

European

Lunatic Asylum-

General repairs and painting

throughout,

1,056.30

Minor repairs,

165.91

1,222.21

Hospital Grounds-Repairing and tarring

path and compound,

821.50

Chinese Lunatic Asylum-General repairs

and painting throughout,

799.69

Maternity Hospital-General re-

pairs and painting throughout,

388.09

Minor repairs,

48.53

436.62

"A" Block--Minor repairs,

368.34

Staff Quarters--Minor repairs,

340.94

Superintendent's

Quarters Repairs to

path,

196.29

Chinese Staff Quarters-General

repairs and colourwashing

internally,

82.03

Minor repairs,

26.78

108.81

Operating Theatre-Minor repairs,

53.89

-$9,036.64

Queen's College :-

General repairs and painting throughout,

5,369.40

Repairing and tarring playgrounds,

943,48.

Minor repairs, ...

12.93

6,325.81

Government Buildings Generally :-

Repairs to electric lights, lifts, fans, bells,

alarms and lightning conductors,...

Clearing and flushing drains, &c.,

Repairs to water services,

3.452.54

787.65

605.67

4,845.86

:

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Mountain Lodge :----

Q 21

General repairs and painting internally and

all woodwork and ironwork externally,

Minor repairs, ...

Kennedy Town Cattle Depôts and Slaughter Houses :

Cattle Depôt-General repairs, limewhiting and tarring inter- nally,

Renewing cement concrete yard

surfaces, &c.,

Minor repairs,

Slaughter House--General

re-

pairs, limewhiting and tarring internally,

$3,485.40

389.51

$3,874.91

$1,090,12

190.00 50.85

1,330.47

356.18

Renewing staircases to shroff's

quarters in reinforced concrete,

215.28

Renewing cement concrete yard

surfaces, &c.,

115.82

Minor repairs,

233.19

920.47

Sheep and Swine Depôt-General

repairs, limewhiting and tar-

ring internally,

804.59

Minor repairs,

68.11

872.70

Crematorium-Minor repairs and supplying

and fixing chain blocks,

496.79

3,620.43

Government House :-

General repairs and painting throughout, Minor repairs,

3,531.10

56.29

3,587.39

No. 5 Police Station

General repairs and painting throughout, Minor repairs,

1,861.92

120.58

1,982.50

Western Market :-

*

painting throughout,

Minor repairs,

South Block-General repairs and

North Block-General repairs,

limewhiting and tarring inter-

nally,

Minor repairs,

J,004.01

69.43

1,073.44

409.46

60.24

469.70

1,543.14

Q 25

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Central Market

:

General repairs, limewhiting and tarring

internally,

$66L61

Minor repairs,

649.35

--$1,310.96

Victoria Hospital:-

General repairs and colourwashing internally,

564.04

Tarring paths,...

208.61

Renewing tubes to boiler,

175.00

Minor repairs,

264.52

1.212.17

Victoria School :

General repairs and painting throughout,

981.65

Minor repairs,

85.16

1,066,81

Botanical and Forestry Department:-

Gardeners' Cottages --General re-

pairs and painting throughout,

$975.15

Minor repairs.

34.87

1,010.02

Superintendent's

Quarters

Minor repairs,

26.86

Sokonpoo Nursery, Potting Shed,—-Colour-

washing internally....

4.19

1,041.07

Central Police Station :-

Barrack Block--General repairs

and colourwashing internally,

320.65

Renewing verandah roof,

167.84

Minor repairs,

298.32

786.81

D.S.P's and Married Inspectors' Quarters-

Minor repairs,

118.30

Married Sergeants' and Single Inspectors'

Quarters Minor repairs,

63.30

968.41

Law Courts:

Laying cement slabs to roof,...

430.15

Renewing cement skirting to verandahs,

293.99

Renewing tiles to verandahs and passages,. Minor repairs, ...

97.78

99.50

921.37

New Government Offices :--

Relaying tiles,...

271.53

Minor repairs,..

574.05

845.58

Government Villas

Renewing floors, Minor repairs, ...

763.96

64.35

828.31

:

.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

26

Scavengers' Quarters, Bridges Street :-

Repairing matshed and laying cement

concrete,

Minor repairs,..

Old Harbour Office :-

$756.54

43.41

$799.95

General repairs and painting throughout, Minor repairs,...

741.24

26.69

767.93

Saiyingpun Market :-

General repairs, limewhiting and tarring

internally,

588.52

Repairs to roof timbers and renewing

purlins,

135.04

Minor repairs,

6.93

730.49

Government Pavilions:-

General repairs and painting throughout, ... Minor repairs, .

675.70

40.54

716.21

Victoria Gaol :

Minor repairs, ...

156,47

Superintendent's Quarters-Re-

newing floors, ...

$288.23

Minor repairs,

107.56

395.79

Warders' Quarters-Minor repairs, ...

112.88

665.14

Gough Hill Police Station :----

Tarring compound,

301.99

Repairs to roof,

169.75

Minor repairs,...

115.31

587.05

Saivingpun School :-

General repairs and colourwashing in-

ternally,

Repairing and tarring playground,

Minor repairs,...

Government Offices-Minor repairs,

Pound Lane Bath-house-General repairs,

painting, colourwashing and limewhiting throughout, ...

150.39

189.73

93.46

433.58

423.02

389.54

No. 8 Police Station :-

General repairs and colourwashing in-

ternally,

180.04

Minor repairs, .

189.39

369.43

Wellington Street Latrine-Renewing glass

prisms and minor repairs,.......

362.09

Caine Road Police Quarters :-

27

General repairs and colourwashing in-

ternally,

Minor repairs, ...

Cape D'Aguilar Wireless Telegraph. Station :-

General repairs, painting and colourwashing

P.W.R. Hongkong.

$240.14 111.42

$35156

Park, Minor repairs,

Old Post Office-Minor repairs,

Happy Valley Subordinate Officers' Quarters--

Minor repairs,

internally,

79.65

Cleaning and painting masts and guys, &c.,

127.14

Supplying and fixing wire gauze around

verandah,

110.98

317.77

General repairs and painting externally,

No. 6 Police Station :-

Minor repairs,

Subordinate Officers' Quarters, West End

201.66

113.33

314.99

290.61

284.16

246.21

Cross Lane Bathhouse :-

General repairs, painting, colourwashing and

limewhiting throughout,

224.36

Minor repairs,......

15.40

239.76

Sokonpoo Market-General repairs, limewhit-

ing and tarring internally,

234.37

Pokfulam Police Station :-

General repairs and colourwashing internally,

34.24

Repairs to roof,

179.63

213.87

48. Improvements to Buildings.--The following is a statement

of the work executed under this heading :-

Government Offices :-

-

Enlarging the offices of the Water and Drainage Departments by enclosing the verandahs on western side of building, Converting portion of Old Electrical Work-

shop into a Cement Testing Room,...... Buildings Ordinance Office-Supplying an

electric fan in Clerks' Office.

Central Market :---

$2,122.22

46.49

24.48

-$2,193.19

Relaying concrete floor to entrance passage-

ways to amended levels,

744.19

Constructing reinforced concrete stalls in

Fish section,.......

384.13

Erecting reinforced concrete partition in

Poultry section,

80.81

1,209.13.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 28

Mountain Lodge :-

Forming alcove in Dining Room,

Supplying and fixing half doors to bedrooms, Constructing balustrading to steps to Tenuis

Ground,

Kennedy Town Slaughter Houses :-

$1,004.77 111.04

73.16

-$1.188.97

Refixing lifting gear and laying granite setts

to floor,

523.13

Alteration to Mohammedan Slaughter House,

240.70

763.83

Government Civil Hospital:-

“(!” Block--Laying reinforced concrete floor to replace defect-

ive wood floor in Dental Clinic. Room,

148.02

Supplying and fixing electric

heaters and plugs, etc.,

21.60

169.62

Superintendent's Quarters-Erecting new coal

house,

142.08

"A" Block--Supplying and fixing mosquito

gauze to new Operating Theatre, ...

130.98

"B" Block--Supplying and fixing cupboard

and racks,

79.78

Assistant Superintendent's Quarters Erect

ing teakwood partition on verandah,

78.70

601.16

Gardeners'

Cottages-Renewing floors in

reinforced concrete,

182.08

Peak School-Converting Earth Closets into

Water Closets,

393.32

Queen's College-Renewing floor to portion

of first floor verandah (south side) in rein- forced concrete,

382.84

Dogs' Home-Constructing shelter with brick

piers and tiled roof,

360.00

No. 1 Police Station :-

Paving surface of yard with granite setts, ... Replacing bamboo fence with 9" brick wall,

Caine Road Police Quarters-Constructing reinforced concrete sun shades to bedrooms at rear of quarters,

209.06

107.25

316.31

138.00

I

29

P.W.R. Hongkong.

49. Maintenance of Lighthouses.-The following sums were

the various lighthouses:-

expended

upon

Waglan:--

General repairs, painting and limewhiting

throughout, ...

Supplying lantern glass,

Minor repairs, ...

Cheung Chau Rock-Constructing reinforced

concrete beacon,

Gap Rock :--

General repairs, painting and limewhiting

$1,602.11

141.77

156.91

-$1,900.79

1.475.05

throughout,

Supplying lantern glass,

Minor repairs, ...

1,072.93

199.57

33.14

1,305.64

Green Island :-

General repairs, painting and limewhiting

externally,

489.09

Renewing ant-eaten floors in Assistant Light-

keeper's Quarters,

231.56

Minor repairs, ...

134.45

855.10

Cap Sui Mun-General repairs, painting, etc.,

throughout, ...

156.27

50. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in City.} Approx-

Improvements to Roads and Bridges in City.

imate Mileage 60. --The road surfaces were maintained generally in a satisfactory condition; the bituminous treatment of carriageways was still further extended throughout the City, whilst a considerable area of granite setts was laid in the carriageways in those portions of the City where the increasing traffic rendered such paving desirable.

The following figures show the extent of the operations carried out at the Quarry during the year :----

Stone-Various grades passed through the Crushers :-

7,155 cubic yards, of which 1.136 cubic yards were made into tar macadam, 211 cubic yards into asphaltic concrete, 210 cubic yards into sand carpeting and 5,525 cubic yards were delivered to various works as the material came from the Crusher. Further, 18,602 granolithic paving slabs were made for use on footways.

The following are particulars of the improved surfacing in- troduced on a number of roads in addition to those mentioned in previous reports :—

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 30

Substitution of Granite Setts for Macadam or Concrete :-

Burd Street,

Connaught Road Central,

Des Voeux Road Central,

Des Voeux Road West,

*Ki Ling Lane,...

*Ko Shing Street,

Praya East,

Queen's Road Central, Smithfield,

Sutherland Street,

Wing Lok Street.

sq. yds.............

:

sq. yds.

102

211

25

62

89

704

104

25

73

86

106

1,887

Substitution of Tar Macadam for Ordinary Macadam or Concrete: ---

Glenealy,

Ice House Street,

Kennedy Road,

Praya East,

*Lane between Connaught Road and Des Voeux

Road (near Queen's Buildings),

Seymour Road,

*St. Stephen's Lane,

sq. yds.,...

sq. yds.

37

288

144

349

567

448

292

2,425

Substitution of 2" Asphaltum laid on Cement Concrete bed for

Macadam:-

Chater Road,

Des Voeux Road Central,

Pedder Street, ...

sq. yds.,...

Substitution of Asphalte Carpeting for Macadam :-

Catchick Street,

*Hing Hon Road,

Queen's Road Central,

Queen's Road East,...

Smithfield,

sq. yds.....

sq. yds.

488

1,383

824

2,695

sq. yds.

540

758

853

582

175

2,908

* In these cases, the costs were defrayed either partly or wholly by the fron-

tagers under the provisions of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance.

t

31

+ M

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Resurfacing worn-out concrete footways with Asphaltum Carpeting:--

Jackson Road, ...

Application of a thin coat of Tar Toppings :-

sq. yds. 255

sq. yds.

*Anton Street,

Breezy Point,

588

960

Chancery Lane, Hatton Road,

Ice House Street, Hill Road,

335

143

50

1,807

Lower Castle Road,

1,852

Morrison Hill Road,

119

sq. yds.,...

5,854

Tarring and Sanding:-

Glenealy,

Ice House Street,

Peak Road,

Pokfulam Road,

Victoria Road,

Wongneichong Road,

Wyndham Street,

sq. yds.,...

2" Granolithic Paving Slabs laid in footways :

*Anton Street,

Arbuthnot Road,

Bonham Road,......

Chater Road,

Connaught Road Central,

*Duddell Street,

*First Street,

*Gage Street,

Garden Road,

Jackson Road,

*Landale Street,

Mallory Street,.

*Matheson Street,

*Praya East,

*Queen's Road Central,

Carried forward,

sq. yds.

1.182

1,602

2,294

2,411

2,380

826

2,255

12,950

sq. yds.

277

202

85

195

376

208

54

137

67

132

270

155

95

205

673

3,131

* In these cases, the costs were defrayed either partly or wholly by the fron- tagers under the provisions of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

32

2" Granolithic Paving Slabs laid in footways :—Continued.

$q. yds.

Brought forward,

3,131

*Queen's Road East....

1.089

Queen Victoria Street,

91

*Second Street, *Sharp Street East, *Sharp Street West, *Square Street, ... Tai Wo Street,... Wanchai Road, Wardley Street, *Wellington Street, *Western Street, *Wing Lok Street,

43

145

24

143

249

201

640

138

68

:

72

Wongneichong Road,

*Yiu Wah Street,

sq. yds.,...

194

190

6,418

51. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges outside City.

In

Improvements to Roads and Bridges outside City.

Approx-

imate Mileage 39.-The roads generally were maintained in a satisfactory manner.

Improvements were made in the Shaukiwan Road for a con- siderable length near the Government Quarry, by cutting back the rocky bank to improve the alignment and surfacing the roadway on the south side of Tramway Track with Asphalte carpeting.

On the Victoria and Pokfulam Roads, the system of substituting macadam, tarred and sanded, for decomposed granite was continued.

The policy of treating the outlying and hill roads with tar has been continued.

The following is a statement of the improved surfacing intro- duced on a number of the roads, the areas stated being additional to those mentioned in previous Reports:-

Substitution of Asphalte Carpeting for Macadam or Concrete:--

Chamberlain Road,

Shaukiwan Road,

sq. yds.

508

936

sq. yds.,

1,444

* In these cases, the costs were defrayed either partly or wholly by the frontagers under the provisions of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance,

33

Tarring and Sanding:--

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Aberdeen old Road,

Findlay Road,...

sq. yds.

706 1,208

Little Hongkong Road,

61

Mount Kellett Road,

2,081

Path at side of Peak Club,

500

Plantation Road,

81

Plunketts Road,

1.775

Shaukiwan Road,

4,631

Stanley Road, ...

11,637

Victoria Road,.......

1,387

sq. yds., 24,067

Substitution of 2" Granolithic Slabs for defective Conerete footways:

Shankiwan Road, on Shaukiwan Inland Lot, 433

opposite Inland Lot 2166,

sq. yds.

226

110

sq. yds..

336

52. Maintenance of Telephones, including all Cables.--The lines and instruments were maintained in good order.

One new line was installed from the General Post Office Exchange to the Salisbury Road Post Office, Kowloon, through the Water Police Station Exchange.

Emergency commutators for plugging through alternative telegraph lines between the General Post Office, Royal Observatory and Cape D'Aguilar were installed at these places.

Owing to storm damages, the lines near the Cricket Ground and City Hall were renewed by the substitution of an aerial cable.

The new telephone cable across the Harbour which sustained damage shortly after being laid was linked up to the telephonic system. This is more particularly referred to in paragraph 146.

In addition to the construction of new telephone lines, and the maintenance of existing lines, a large amount of work was done in the way of installing electric light and bell services in various Government buildings and maintaining such services in others.

The following buildings were wired for the installation of electric lighting:--

Tytam Tuk Pumping Station.*

Water Works Workshop, Wanchai.

Ma Tau Kok Slaughter House and Quarters.

* Also wired for Lightning Conductors.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 34

Imports and Exports, Temporary Office.

Loco and Carriage Sheds, Kowloon-Canton Railway. Examination Shed, Kowloon-Canton Railway.

The following is a statement of the number of lamps and other electrical appliances installed or repaired during the year :---

Nature of Work.

Lights.

Fans.

Radiators, Motors, &c.

Lifts.

Bells.

Maintained,

6,123

Installed,

619 * 201 22

28

182

220 †

14

9

7

Faults repaired,

599 175

103

540

Lightning Conductors.

Telegraph and Telephone

Instruments.

53. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.-The sewers, storm- water drains and trained nullahs generally were cleansed and main- tained in good condition, the open nullahs and channels in the City of Victoria and in the Shaukiwan District being cleansed by the Sanitary Department. The automatic flushing tanks were kept. working continuously and the manual flushing tanks were operated periodically during low tides. Deposits of sand were cleared as they occurred. The temporary timber outfalls opposite Tai Wo Street, Triangle Street, Stone Nullah Lane and Spring Gardens Lane, Praya East, were kept in repair.

The Wanchai Gap sedimentation tank was periodically sludged and the filter beds cleansed.

All metal work in connection with the various drainage systems was inspected, and, where found necessary, was repaired and tarred. Repairs were made to several sewers, nullahs, storm-water drains and channels, the most important being to sewers in Queen's Road Central, Peet Street, Bonham Strand, Davis Street, Glenealy, to the sewer outfall opposite No. 78 Main Street, Shaukiwan; to nullahs east of Tai Hang Village and across Inland Lot 1393, Shankiwan Road; and to storm-water channels west of Coombe Royal, south of Magazine Gap, and on foreshore at Sai Wan Ho.

The sewer from Matilda Hospital to the sea was repaired, the cost being charged to the Trustees.

About 3,840 feet of old disused drains of various sizes and types were destroyed and filled in.

*All the fans were cleaned and oiled.

Two 30-line switch-boards were repaired with enamelled insulated wire. 47 fans were rewound with new wire.

-

Q 35

P.W.R. Hongkong.

The details of expenditure under this heading are as follows:-

Repairs,

Labour for cleansing operations,

Tools for cleansing operations,

General incidental expenditure,

Total,

...

as against $15,615.21 in the previous year.

$9,405.05

5,456.15

396.96

1,929.10

$17,187.26

54. Gas Lighting, City and Suburbs and Hill District. The total number of lamps in use at the end of the year in the City and its precincts was 1,148, an increase of 12 over the previous year and in the Hill District 127, the number in the latter case remaining unaltered. The positions of the various additional lamps will be found in paragraph 104 of this Report.

55. Electric Lighting, City, Hill District and Shaukiwon. Owing to war conditions, the 75 are lamps in the principal roads of the City have been replaced by incandescent lamps, the whole of the electric lighting now being done with this form of lamps. The numbers and positions of such lamps are as under :-

Various roads,

City of Victoria On Tramway route

1,000 C.P.

55

(58 pairs),

116

100 C.P.

Shaukiwan Road,...

21*

50 C.P.

Bowen Road,.......

10

32 C.P.

Path from Bowen Road to May Road,...

6

32 C.P.

Lugard Road,..

8

32 C.P.

56. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers.-The following is a statement of the principal items of expenditure under this vote :—

Blake Pier :-

Encasing piles in reinforced concrete

cylinders,

Praya Walls General-General repairs,

General repairs,

Statue Pier--General repairs,

Harbour Office Pier-General repairs,

Shaukiwan Pier-General! repairs,

Murray Pier-General repairs,

Ship Street Pier-General repairs,

..$2,178.36

92.99

--$2,271.35

1,288.48

610.62

423.94

403.78

354.83

339.32

125.98

Arsenal Street Pier--General repairs,

57. Maintenance of Public Cemetery.---Two new terraces were constructed, below one of which it was necessary to extend a re- inforced concrete culvert for a distance of 50 feet.

* In addition to these, the Taikoo Dock Co. provide and light 10 lamps- each having a cluster of 3-100 C.P. incandescent lamps-for lighting this road adjacent to their property, and the Taikoo Sugar Refining Co. provide and light 7-2,000 C.P. incandescent lamps for lighting it adjacent to their property.

P.W.R. Hongkong,

Q 36

58. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries.--The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 42 of this Report.

59. Maintenance of Public Recreation Grounds.-The various grounds were maintained in good order. The use of departmental labour for the purpose of mowing the grass, cleansing ditches, &c., was continued. The following is a statement of the principal items of expenditure:----

Wongneichong:-

Labour in trimming,

Constructing New Ambulance and Tool

Shed,

Cricket Ground-Part cost of repairing

and painting railings,

$1,386.58

667.62

-$2,051.20

117.50

60. Dredging Foreshores.-The grab dredger was employed at the following places and removed the quantities of material stated during the year :-

In front of the Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Co's

premises at Hunghom,

Foundations for new sea-wall at Aberdeen Village, Off Kowloon Godown Co's new wharf at Kowloon

Point,

Drain Outfalls,

Total,

cubic yds.

23,491

3,691

1,553 11,246

cubic yards, 39,984

The vessel was hired to the Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Co. for a period of about 5 months during the year. It was put on the slip and overhauled by the Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Co. at a cost of $2,212.00. One of the grabs was practically rebuilt at a cost of $608.00.

61. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages. The heavy rains of the 15th and 16th July caused numerous landslips, scattered over a great number of roads. The only one, however, of any magnitude occurred on the south side of the Pokfulam Road, below the new filter beds. It was found necessary to erect a substantial retaining wall to prevent further landslips.

The surfaces of those roads treated with bitumen did not suffer, but roads not yet dealt with in this manner were scoured badly, especially portions of Queen's Road.

Considerable quantities of detritus had to be removed from various stormwater drains and repairs had to be executed to a number of nullahs, drains and channels.

The damage resulting to Government buildings from rainstorms was trifling.

Q 37

P.W.R. Hongkong.

62. Stores Depreciation.—The adjustment of Store values and the re-conditioning of old stores have been met from this head, also the loss incurred by the sale of obsolete and surplus materials, the total amount of these items being $6,560.57. Sums of $117.49, being rebate on freight charges in connection with stores purchased in England through the Crown Agents and of $1,550.27, due to the return of stores which were issued prior to 1917, have been credited to this item. The result of these transactions was to leave a balance

of $92.81 unexpended.

63. Stores Depreciation,—Amount to be written off value of Dredger St. Enoch ”.—In accordance with the decision arrived at in 1916, the sum of $7,500 was written off the value of the dredger. It was intended that a similar sum should be written off annually, but it was subsequently decided that the value of the Dredger should no longer be borne on the Store Plant Account. A further vote of $135,000 was accordingly taken under "Public Works Extraordinary --Dredging Harbour", and the whole value of the Dredger was written off.

64. Upkeep of Plant.-This item now appears under “Public Works Department-Other Charges". The dredger,

The dredger, "St. Enoch ", was laid up throughout the year.

65. Maintenance of City and Hill District Waterworks.— The year opened with the street fountain system of supply in force throughout the whole of the Rider Main Districts, the services to the houses in such districts having been disconnected from the mains in November, 1916. With the exception of 21 days at Chinese New Year, when water was turned on to the houses, this system remained in force until the 10th June, when constant supply throughout the City was restored. Owing to the completion of the Taitam Tuk Reservoir, it was not found necessary to have recourse to any cur- tailment of the supply during the remainder of the year.

The total quantity of water stored on the 1st January in the impounding reservoirs, including Taitam Tuk Reservoir, then in course of construction, amounted to 430.16 million gallons. It reached a minimum on the 15th May when it amounted to 69.01 million gallons.

The reservoirs were at or over their permanent overflow levels for the following periods :-

Reservoir.

Capacity to permanent overflow level.

(Million gallons.)

Period.

Taitam,

Taitam Byewash.

Taitam Intermediate,

Taitam Tuk,

Wongneichong, ......

Pokfulam,

384.80 22.36 195.91

1,419,00

30-34

66.00

28th July to 13th Sept. 29th July to 28th August. 3rd August to 14th October.

25th July to 1st August

and 14th and 15th August. 15th July to 27th August.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

38

The rainfall for the year amounted to 81.48 inches (Observatory record) of which 30.07 inches fell in July. Though the rainfall for the whole year was only 1.68 inches under the average, for the last five months of the year, it was 10 inches under the average and, consequently, the dry season, which is regarded as commencing in October and extending until the end of April, opened under very unfavourable conditions. Fortunately, the Taitam Tuk Reservoir was sufficiently advanced by the commencement of the wet season to admit of its being fully utilized for storage purposes. The maximum quantity of water impounded by it during the wet season amounted to 972 million gallons or 330 million gallons more than the contents of all the other reservoirs combined.

The maximum quantity of water impounded in the whole of the reservoirs during the year amounted to 1,613.32 million gallons on the 29th August and the total quantity of water remaining in the reservoirs at the end of the year amounted to 1,173.10 million gallons.

One of the new pumping engines, though still in contractors' hands, was utilized, as far as possible, for maintaining the supply to the City and Hill District: the other engine was unfit for service owing to the steam-jacket of one of the cylinders being badly cracked. It was however only possible to obtain intermittent running and it was therefore necessary to run the two Tangye engines which were erected in 1908. The latter were in operation from the 1st January until the 19th June and from the 14th October until the end of the year,—a total of 249 days.

The total quantity of water pumped during the year amounted to 705.45 million gallons as compared with 324.77 millions in 1916.

The following is a comparative statement of the cost of pump- ing during 1916 and 1917:-

Taitam Tuk Pumping Station.

1916.

1917.

$

Coal,

19,265.77

47,058.32 *

Wages,

4,176.73

4,928.71

Miscellaneous, including repairs and stores other

than coal,....

1,266.03

3,917.40

Total,

24,708.53

55,901.43

*This is the value of the coal consumed during the year.

Coal to the value

of $3,852 was carried forward from 1916 to 1917 and coal to the value of $3,622.50 was carried forward from 1917 to 1918. The price of coal, in 1917, was $15.80 per ton during the first 7 months of the year and $20.30 per ton during the remaining 5 months. In 1916, it was $11.25 per ton for the first 3 months of the year and, for the remaining 9 months, it varied from $18.00 to $!§.25 per ton.

· 39

P.W R. Hongkong,

A comparative statement of the local rainfall for the year at various points is given in the following table :-

Month.

January,

0.345

0.51

0.46

0.12

0.23

0.40

0.61

February,

0.405

0.69

0.48

0.41

0.45

:

0.70

0.95

March,

2.670

2.21

3.13

2.13

2.19

2.77

3.07

April,

5.230

5.25

5.93

5.78

5.94

5.92

8.64

May,

9.685

16.25

9.31

10.06

11.92

8.74

12.52

June,

11 540

12.04

10.17

12.15

10.58

14.43

19.36

July,

30.075

29.20

32.66

26.92

24.68

27.32

25.17

August...

11.950

9.13

12.12

10.87

9.80

12.87

13.26

September,

4 880

6.10

5.11

3.96

3.50

6.08

4.82

October,

3.470

1.37

3.05

7.13

2.39

1.27

2.53

November,

0.095

0.12

December,

1.140

1.10

1.24

0.84

674

1.08

2.16

Total 1917,...

"

81.485 83.85 83.78 1916..... 79.855 93.87

80.37

72.42

81.58

93.09

83.84

86.19

79.51 77.34

103.26

Increase, or Decrease,

+1.630

- 10.02 -0.06

-5.82

- 7.09 +4.24 --10.17

The total quantity of water supplied during the year amounted to 1,773.00 million gallons filtered and 29:53 million gallons unfiltered, making a grand total of 1,802:53 million gallons or 91 88 million gallons less than during 1916.

The average consumption of filtered water per head per day for all purposes throughout the whole year amounted to 186 gallons whilst, during constant supply in all districts, it was 217 and, during the tinie that the supply in the Rider Main Districts was derived from public street fountains, it amounted to 135. In arriving at the above figures, the population has been estimated at 268,519.

Full details of consumption, &c., will be found in Annexes C and D.

The analyses made by the Government Analyst show that the water was of good quality throughout the year, and the results obtained by the bacteriological examinations were likewise satisfac- tory.

The quantity of water pumped to the High Level District. during the year amounted to 100 63 million gallons, equal to an average daily consumption of about 276,000 gallons, whilst 36'95 million gallons were pumped to the Hill District, giving an average daily consumption of about 101,000 gallons. As compared with 1916, there was an increase of 733 million gallons pumped to the High Level District and also an increase of 540 million gallons pumped to the Hill District.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 40

The grand total pumped during the year amounted to 13758 million gallons as compared with 12485 million gallons pumped during 1916.

Tabulated statements containing particulars of the quantities pumped to the High Levels of the City and to the Hill District respectively will be found in Annexe E.

All engines, motors and station buildings have been kept in a good state of repair throughout the year.

The work of overhauling the valves on the principal maius in the City was continued during the year, the number thoroughly repaired amounting to 10. The conversion of the fire hydrants from ball hydrants to spring hydrants was also continued, 4 being converted during the year.

The number of meters in use at the end of the year amounted to 1,717 in the City and 177 in the Hill District or a total of 1,894 as compared with 1,695 and 184 or a total of 1,879 at the end of 1916. These figures do not include 17 meters in use at Pokfulam.

The quantity of water supplied by meter was as follows:-- Filtered-Trade,

.247:49 million gallons. .160·81

Unfiltered,

Domestic (City),

(Hill District),

36.95 29.53

>

""

Total,......

.474.78

These figures show a decrease of 35.55 million gallons in the quantity supplied by meter as compared with 1916.

New services were constructed or old ones altered, improved, repaired or connected to the mains to the number of 904 and 39 supplies were laid on for building purposes.

The number of inspections of private services was 11,108. All defects were made good after the usual notices (211 in all) had been served.

66. Maintenance of Water Works, Shaukiacon.—A satisfactory supply of water was maintained from May to December inclusive but, during the earlier months of the year, the supply was inade- quate. The average supply per day for the former period was about 125,000 gallons whilst, for the latter period, it was only about 68,000 gallons, excluding the supply to Saiwan Battery.

The total consumption for the year amounted to 40:46 million gallons (including 145 million gallons supplied to the Barracks at Saiwan and 2:39 million gallons supplied to the boat population, or an average of about 111,000 gallons per day.

The supply to water boats, which had hitherto been under private control, was taken over by Government, a pier being con- structed opposite Shaukiwan Police Station, along which a branch

D

Q 41

P.W.R. Hongkong.

pipe from the main supplying the eastern portion of Shaukiwan was laid to a point where the boats could be supplied at all states of the tide. Supply from this source was begun on the 1st July.

Details of the consumption are given in Annexe F.

There were 6 meters in use at the close of the year.

67. Maintenance of Water Works, Aberdeen.-A satisfactory supply of water was maintained throughout the year, the total con- sumption being 20.23 million gallons (including 7.70 million gallons supplied to water boats) or about 55,000 gallons per day..

Details of consumption are given in Annexe G.

There were 7 meters in use at the close of the year.

68. Water Account.-The number of meters examined and re-

paired during the year amounted to 926.

The following is a statement of the expenditure under the vote :-

New meters fixed (difference in value between

issues and receipts),

Repairs to meters,

Meter boxes,

Miscellaneous,

$

941.21* 3,023.74

65.24 1,544.02

Total,...

$ 5,574.21

P.W.R. KOWLOON.

69. Maintenance of Buildings.-The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following:-

Water Police Station :

General repairs and painting throughout, $3,738.16

Renewing floor and staircase to old Time-

ball Tower in reinforced concrete,.

Minor repairs, ...

Hunghom Police Station :----

344.99

205.21

$4,288.36

General repairs and painting throughout, 1,002.87

Minor repairs, ...

Ma Tau Kok Cattle Depôt--

16.95

1,019.82

General repairs, limewhiting

and tarring internally, $406.95

Repairing bamboo fence,

139.50

Minor repairs,

50.36

596.81

*

As a supply of meters could not be obtained from England, very few new meters were fixed during the year.

P.W.R. Kowloon.

Q 12

Inspector's Quarters:-

Renewing ant-eaten

roof

timbers and repairing

verandah,

$170.78

Supplying and fixing stove,

43.84

$214.62

$811.43

Hunghom Market:--

General repairs, limewhiting and tarring

internally,

Taking down ant-eaten wooden pillars and building brick pillars in cement.

165.99

mortar,

Minor repairs,

605.70

3.89

775.58

Chatham Road Houses:--

General repairs and

limewhiting

internally,

425.33

Repairing roof and renewing timber

to floor,

209.38

Minor repairs,

59.41

694.12

Kowloon School :-

General repairs and colourwashing

internally,

105.04

Renewing roof of store in reinforced con-

crete and renewing ant-eaten timber

in roof of school, &c.,

458.95

Minor repairs, ...

75.85

639.84

Yaumati Old Market:

General repairs, limewhiting and tarring

internally,

273.16

Laying 2" cement concrete to com-

pound, &c.,

209.07

Minor repairs,

3.10

485.33

Time-ball Tower:

Repairs to time-ball and gear,

50.00

Fitting new top and bottom to time-ball,

300.00

350.00

Royal Observatory:-

Repairing boundary fence and renewing ant-eaten timber to Magnetic Hut,...... Minor repairs, ...

171.84

88.54

260.38

Yaumati Police Station :-

Laying concrete paving in compound, . Minor repairs, ..

229.32

9.80

239.12

43

P.W.R. Kowloon.

Government Buildings General :-

Clearing drains,

Repairing Electric Fans, Lights and Bells,

Subordinate Officers' Quarters, King's Park :--

Repairing roof,

Minor repairs, ...

Signal Hill Station :---

$131.96

91.92

$223.88

162.99

14.42

177.41

General repairs and limewhiting in-

ternally,

38.19

Repairing and painting typhoon signals,

and supplying new ropes to signals,

133.53

171.72

Tsim Sha Tsui Market :--

General repairs, limewhiting and tarring

internally,

121.75

Minor repairs, ...

14.74

166.49

70. Improvements to Buildings.-There is nothing special to

report under this heading.

71. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges.

Improvements to Roads and Bridges.

Approximate Mile-

age 28.-The roads generally were maintained in a satisfactory

manner.

The following are particulars of the improved surfacing intro- duced on a number of the roads, in addition to those mentioned in previous Reports:-

Substitution of 1" Asphaltum Carpeting for Macadam :--

Kowloon City Road,

Waterloo Road-Bridge at junction of Portland

Street,

sq. yds.

890

75

sq. yds.,

965

Substitution of 2" Asphaltum, laid on Cement Concrete bed, for Macadam:

Canton Road,

sq. yds.

790

P.W.R. Kowloon.

44

Tarring and Sanding-

sq. yds.

Austin Avenue,

last year's Report to Wuhu Street),

Austin Road-Strip in centre,

Shanghai Street-in front of Yaumati Police

Station,

Chatham Road (from the point mentioned in

5,520

1,000

1,609

600

sq. yds..

8,729

The formation, kerbing, channelling and surfacing of the northern half of Waterloo Road extending from the Disinfecting Station to the Railway Bridge, mentioned in last year's Report, were completed.

The formation of a temporary road, extending from Yaumati Theatre to Yaumati School, to link up the southern and northern portions of Nathan Road, was undertaken and, with the exception of surfacing, was completed by the close of the year. The construct- ion of the main road on its permanent alignment between the points mentioned remains in abeyance until some further portion of the high hill which obstructs it has been removed by quarrying or otherwise.

72. Maintenance of Telephones.-The lines and instruments were kept in good order. There is nothing of a special nature to report under this heading.

73. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.-The sewers, storm- water drains and trained nullahs were cleansed and maintained in good condition, the open channels and nullahs being attended to by the Sanitary Department. Sand deposits were removed from the Waterloo Road, Nelson Street, Soy Street and Public Square Street nullahs; from the Nathan Road and Saigon Street stormwater calverts and from the sand catchpits at Hok Ün. Repairs were made to the culvert in Bedford Road, Taikoktsui, and to the nullah walls in Nelson Street and at Tokwawan. The inlet to the Lo Lung Hang nullah was improved. All metal work in connection with the drainage systems was inspected and, where necessary, repaired and tarred. About 997 feet of old disused drains of various sizes and types were destroyed and filled in.

The details of the expenditure under this head are as follows:-

Labour for cleansing operations,.

Repairs,

Tools for cleansing operations, General incidental expenditure,

$3,937.39

415.78

366.38

90.84

Total,.

$4,810.39

as against $5,805.57 in the previous year.

45

P.W.R. Kowloon.

74. Gas Lighting:-The total number of lamps in use at the end of the year was 310, an increase of 6 as compared with the previous year. The positions of the various additional lamps will be found in paragraph 130 of this Report.

75. Electric Lighting.--The number of electric lamps in use at the end of the year, all of which are incandescent, was 93, an increase of 19 as compared with the previous year. This is due to extensions of street lighting in Waterloo Road and in the road recently constructed to Shamshuipo. Particulars of the positions of the additional lamps will be found in paragraph 130 of this Report.

76. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers.-The following is a statement of the principal items of expenditure under this

vote :-

Tsim Sha Tsui Pier :-

Scraping and painting ironwork, tarr-

ing and renewing hardwood braces and strings,.

Renewing steps and painting roof and

latrine internally,

Minor repairs,.

Praya Walls General-Minor repairs, ...

$440.29

93.97

28.14

$ 562.40

794.89

77. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries.-The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 42 of this Report.

78. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.-The heavy rains of the 15th and 16th July and during the typhoon of August 13th badly scoured the ordinary macadamized roads, necessitating consider- able repairs. A number of small landslips also occurred and considerable quantities of detritus had to be removed from several of the nullalis.

79. Maintenance of Water Works.-A constant supply of water was maintained throughout the year, the quantity supplied amounting to 447.49 million gallons, which gives an average daily consumption of 1.22 million gallons or, taking an estimated popula- tion of 100, 100, say, 12.2 gallons per head per day. Details are given in Annexe H.

The quantity of water stored in the impounding reservoir on the 1st of January amounted to 278.05 million gallons and it reached a minimum on the 15th May when it amounted to 130.40 million gallons. The reservoir was at or above its permanent overflow level during the following period :-

17th July to 4th October.

The quantity of water remaining in the reservoir at the end of the year amounted to 274.40 million gallons.

P.W.R. Kowloon,

Q46

The analyses made by the Government Analyst and the ex- aminations made by the Bacteriologist were satisfactory.

The various buildings were kept in a good state of repair throughout the year.

There were 496 meters in use at the close of the year, an in- crease of 2 as compared with 1916.

House services were constructed, altered or repaired in 94 instances and 21 supplies were laid on for building purposes.

80. Water Account.-The number of meters examined and repaired during the year was 207.

The following is a statement of the expenditure under the vote:

New meters,

Repairs to meters,

Meter boxes,

Miscellaneous,

Deduct credit due to value of meters returned ex-

ceeding value of meters issued,

1,543.72

144.45

276.33

$1,964.50

304.23

$1.660.27

Total,

P.W.R. NEW TERRITORIES.

81. Maintenance of Buildings. The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following :-

Taipo Police Station :-

General repairs and painting through-

out,

Supplying new flagstaff,

Minor repairs,...

Sai Kung Police Station--General repairs

and painting throughout,

Kowloon City Police Station:

General repairs and painting internal-

ly,

Renewing aut-eaten timbers of roof of Inspector's Quarters and general repairs to balcony around compound, Minor repairs,...

Quarters of Assistant Superintendent of

Police:

General repairs, painting, colour- washing and limewhiting through-

$1,826.70

223.68

535.74

-$2,586.12

1,646.65

92.09

1,220.80 115.43

1,428.32

out,

Repairing path,

1,294.12

51.07

1,345.19

P.W.R. New Territories.

Lai Chi Kok Camp :---

Renewing ant-eaten timbers to sheds,

$324.25

Minor repairs, ...

340.96

$665.21

Sha Tau Kok Police Station :-

Renewing flagstaff,

207.23

Minor repairs, ...

143.31

350.54

Tai O Police Station :-

Repairing concrete surface around

Station and renewing concrete to approach path,

334.90

Minor repairs, ...

6.90

341.80

Ping Shan Police Station

Renewing concrete approach path,

236.69

Minor repairs, ...

27.07

263.76

Shatin Police Station :--

General repairs and limewhiting

internally,

12.45

Minor repairs, ...

233.14

245.59

Taipo District Office:-

Renewing hardwood flooring and

sundry repairs,

125.70

Repairs to matshed covered way.

76.88

Minor repairs, ........

13.88

216.46

Ta Ku Ling Police Station-Renewing

ant-eaten timbers, repairing concrete in compound and sundry repairs,

Taipo Island Quarters :-

2014.05

Renewing ant-eaten timbers and re-

173.41

12.80

186.21

pairing roof, garden seats and path. Minor repairs, ...

Tung Chung Police Station :-

Renewing cement concrete floor さい

latrines in Indian Quarters.

149.14

Minor repairs,...

9.57

158.71

Lok Ma Chan Police Station- Minor re-

pairs,

140.77

82. Improvements to Buildings.--The following is a statement

of the works executed under this heading :--

Au Tau Police Station

Constructing

reinforced

concrete

staircase leading to Land Office, Providing and fixing wire gauze in

Land Bailiff's Quarters,

$404.69

143.74

851843

P.W.R. New Territories.

48

83. Maintenance of Buildings,--Mainland and Islands in Northern District,

Improvements to Buildings,-Mainland and Islands in North- ern District.-

These items have now been included in the general items dealt with in the two foregoing paragraphs (81 and 82).

84. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges.

Improvements to Roads and Bridges.

Approximate Mileage

50 –The roads generally were maintained in a satisfactory manner.

The improvements, viz. easing bends and laying cement con- crete channelling to that portion of the Taipo Road between the 3rd and 5th milestones, mentioned in last year's Report, were continued.

85. Maintenance of Telephones.-The lines and instruments were maintained in good order. All telephones and electrical sign- alling apparatus on the British Section of the Kowloon-Canton Railway were also maintained in good condition. The telephone alarms at Au Tan and Ping Shan were kept in working order.

86. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, etc.,-The sewers and trained nullahs at Shamshuipo and the concrete channels in Kow- loon City were cleansed and maintained in good order. The trained nullah to the north-west of the Lai Chi Kok Segregation Camp was repaired.

The details of expenditure under this heading are as follows:-

Labour for cleansing operations,

Repairs,

Tools for cleansing operations, General incidental expenditure,

Total...

as against $288.77 in the previous year.

$178.17

86.88

$265.05

87. Electric Lighting, Shamshuipo.—The number of lamps in use at the end of the year, all of which are incandescent, was 29, an increase of 16 over the previous year. Particulars of the positions of the additional lamps will be found in paragraph 130 of this Report.

88. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries.-The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 42 of this Report.

89. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.-The heavy rains of the 15th and 16th of July carried away the northern abutment and wing walls of the bridge on the Castle Peak Road near Wong Kwa Wai. The bridge had to be practically reconstructed. Training walls were also erected and the course of the stream was altered so as to obviate a repetition of the damage.

8

49

P.W.R. New Temitories.

The road to the west of the Kowloon City Rifle Ranges, leading from Kowloon City to the south-west of Lion's Rock, was breached for a length of about 65 yards.

90. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,-Mainland and Islands in Northern District. This item has now been included in the general item dealt with in the foregoing paragraph.

91. Maintenance of Waterworks, Laichikok,--Water Boat Supply. The total quantity of water supplied during the year amounted to 108.61 million gallons or about 298,000 gallons per day. Details of consumption are given in Annexe J.

It was found necessary to substitute an 8" pipe for the 6" pipe hitherto in use for conveying water from the Channel to the Filter Beds in order to provide a sufficient supply for the water boats. The work was undertaken in June and was completed. It will prove of special benefit during the early part of the year as the water boats are then principally dependent upon the Laichikok works for supplying the shipping in the harbour with water. other times, they obtain a considerable supply from a stream near North Point which they are permitted to use.

There were 14 meters in use at the end of the year.

At

92. Water Account.-Meters were examined and repaired in

25 instances.

The expenditure under the vote was as follows :-

New meters,.

Repairs to 3 meters,.

Meter boxes,.

Miscellaneous,

Deduct credit due to value of meters

$

147.47

1.26

25.38

$174.11

returned exceeding value of meters

issued,

242.64

Credit balance......

$68.53

PUBLIC WORKS EXTRAORDINARY.

HONGKONG.

93. Quarters for Subordinate Officers, Happy Valley.--This Contract was completed towards the end of 1916 and the works were fully described in the Report for that year. The final account was paid early in 1917 and the retention money later in the year. 1917 Estimates....... $10,000.00 Total Estimates....... $68,500,00

Expenditure to

31/12/17,

1917 Expenditure,...

6,079.19*

64,467.64

* It was stated in last year's Report that a balance of $6,251.69 remained to be

paid in 1917. Some credits were however overlooked,

P.W.E. Hongkong.

50

94. Central Police Station Extension.-The Contract for the demolition of the old buildings which formerly occupied the site and for the construction of the foundations for the new buildings was completed about the middle of March.

A Contract for the erection of the Superstructure, amounting to $184,310.08, was signed by Messrs. Kien On & Co. on the 17th April and an immediate start with the work was made. The work has however been greatly delayed by the non-arrival of certain steelwork, orders for which were placed early in the year. The first consignment did not arrive until August and, towards the close of the year, the work came practically to a standstill for want of further consignments. At the end of the year, the building had been completed up to the main floor level.

|

1917 Estimates,.....$100,000.00 Total Estimates, ...$265,000.00

Expenditure to

1917 Expenditure,... 71,851.81 31/12/17,.

77,543.13

95. Imports and Exports Office,-A sum of $35,000.00 was

provided in the Estimates for this work but, with the exception of

the driving of a few trial piles on the site, no work was executed during the year.

Plans of the proposed buildings were submitted to the Public Works Committee on the 7th June. In approving of the plans, the Committee recommended that the buildings should be so constructed as to be capable of being increased to 5 stories in height and that they should have concrete floors throughout.

1917 Estimates,

$35,000.00 | Total Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,... 99.78

Expenditure to

31/12/17.

$99.78

96. Rented Quarters for European Subordinates, Leighton Hill. It was not found possible to proceed with this work during the year.

97. Quarters for Subordinate Officers, Mount Parish (2nd Block).---It has been decided to abandon this proposal in the mean- while.

98. Chair Coolies' Shelter and Trough Closet near May Road Tram Station.—A Contract for these works was let in April. The shelter is situated on the north side of May Road to the west of the Tramway line, whilst the trough closet is on the hillside south of May Road and to the east of the Tramway line. The shelter is of hardwood roofed with sheet iron laid on China fir boarding and is provided with a hardwood seat. The trough-closet is of blue brick pointed externally in lime putty, the roof being of ferro-conerete. It is divided into two compartments, one for men and one for women, each of which contains two seats. The former also contains a trough-urinal. The floor is surfaced with salt-glazed tiles and the walls are lined internally with white glazed tiles. An electric incandescent lamp provides light at night to both compartments.

Q 51

P.W.E. Hongkong.

The works were completed in October and all liabilities were dis- charged before the close of the year

1917 Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,

.$2,300.00 | Total Estimates,

Expenditure to 1,936.85 31/12/17,

99. Latrines and Urinals:-

$2,300.00

1,936.85

(a.) Trough_Closet__(underground) adjoining Lower Tram Terminus.—This convenience was completed in June and all liabilities were discharged before the close of the year. It contains 3 trough-closet stalls and a trough-urinal. The walls are lined with white-glazed tiles and the floor is laid with salt-glazed tiles. The roof is of ferro-concrete fitted with a cast-iron ventilator. Electric light is installed. Further particulars are given in last year's Report.

1917 Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,

$2,000.00 Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

31/12/17,

1.603.08

.$2,200.00

2,272,86

(b.) Converting existing Urinal (underground) at junction of Peak and Robinson Roads into a Trough Closet.

This work was completed in June and all liabilities were discharged. It consisted of substituting 3 trough-closet stalls for the urinal stalls hitherto existing, only one urinal stall being now provided.

1917 Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,

$500.00

474.64

Total Estimates, Expenditure to

31/12/17,

.$500.00

524.27

(c.) Urinal (above-ground) in shrubbery at junction of Garden and Bowen Roads.-As mentioned in last year's Report, this struc- ture has been erected on the west bank of Albany Nullah, to the south of the Gardeners' Cottages. It is built of blue brick pointed in lime putty and is partly carried on brick piers. The floor and roof are both of ferro-concrete. It contains a trough-urinal, 8 feet. long. The walls are tiled with white-glazed tiles to a height of 5 feet, the remainder being rendered in cement mortar. Electric light is provided. The work was completed in June and, by the end of the year, all liabilities had been discharged.

1917 Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,

$800.00 Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

31/12/17,

686.78

$800.00

947.87

(d) Trough Closet at north-west corner of Cattle Depôt.-This work was completed in February. It was fully described on p. 80 of last year's Report under the heading "Latrine accommodation at Kennedy Town ".

$2,000.00 Total Estimates,

1917 Estimates,

$4,000.00

1917 Expenditure,

1,603.39

Expenditure to 31/12/17,..

2.862.71

>

P.W.E. Hongkong.

52

(e.) Converting latrines at northern end of Central Market into Trough Closets.—This work comprised the construction of rein- forced concrete stall divisions and the laying of salt-glazed troughing with the necessary flushing arrangements and drainage for 7 com- partments at the north-west corner and 7 compartments at the north-east corner of the Market. The work was completed and all liabilities were discharged before the close of the year.

1917 Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,

|

$1,500.00 Total Estimates, $1,500,00

Expenditure to

31/12/17,

735.72

785.72

(J.) Concerting Wing_Lok Street latrine into Trough Closet, This work was carried out on similar lines to that at the Central Market, but was on a larger scale, 38 compartments being provided. In this case also, the work was completed and all liabilities were discharged before the close of the year.

1917 Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,

$2,600.00

Total Estimates, Expenditure to

2,277.10

31/12/17,

$2,600.00

2,277.10

(g.) Trough Closet at junction of Castle and Robinson Roads. A Contract for this work was let in August but considerable delay arose owing to objections being raised to the site selected. It was ultimately decided to erect the convenience on the south side of Robinson Road spanning the nullah at the top of Castle Road. progress had been made by the close of the year.

1917 Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,

$2,200.00 | Total Estimates,

Fair

$2,200.00

458.08

Expenditure to

31/12/17,

458.68

(h.) Urinal in retaining wall, south side of Caine Road, opposite Aberdeen Street.-A Contract for this work was also let in August but, in this case also, objections were raised to the site selected and, after considerable delay, a new site in Caine Road, immediately to the west of Peel Street, was finally adopted, the convenience being constructed underground. Fair progress had been made by the close of the year. 1917 Estimates,

$2,500.00 Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

31/12/17,

1917 Expenditure,

587.79

$2,500.00

587.79

(i) Converting latrine near Kennedy Road Station into a Trough This was only a small installation, 3 compartments being provided. The work, which was similar to that already described under item (e), was completed and paid for before the close of the

year.

1917 Estimates, $ 700.00 | Total Estimates, ......$ 700.00

1917 Expenditure,

100. Rouds :

214.65

Expenditure to

31/12/17,

214.65

(a.) Path from Queen's Road East to Kennedy Road, adjoining

k

53

P.W.E. Hongkon

OBE.

Inland Lots 2072 and 2079.--This work consisted of the construc- tion of a series of flights of granolithic steps, with landings spaced at suitable intervals, between Queen's Road and Kennedy Road. Owing, however, to the obstruction caused by buildings in course of erection near Kennedy Road, it was not possible to complete the work by the end of the year.

1917 Estimates,

$2,000.00 | Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

1917 Expenditure, ...... 1,203.55 | 31/12/17,

$2,200.00

1417.57

}

(b) Deep Water Bay to Tylam Tuk,-Improvements to adapt for motor traffic, section from Deep Water Bay to Repulse Bay. This length of road forms a portion of the scheme, proposed in 1898, for the construction of a road to encircle the greater portion of the Island. A Contract for the work was let in February to Mr. Lai Fuk and was satisfactorily completed at the end of November.

The total length of the road is 1.28 miles, the greater part of the work consisting of improving, re-grading and widening the old road between Deep Water and Repulse Bays. Commencing opposite the Golf Club-house at Deep Water Bay, the road runs level for a distance of nearly half a mile skirting the bay. It then ascends with a gradient varying from 1 in 143 to 1 in 20 until it reaches a height of 156 feet above Ordnance Datum. After running ap- proximately level for a distance of about 700 feet, it descends at 1 in 14 until it reaches Repulse Bay. Owing to the steepness of the hillside between the two bays, it was necessary to ascend and descend in the manner already described in order to obtain a favour- able location for the road. That portion of road skirting Deep Water Bay has a width of 20 feet, whilst the remainder has a minimum width of 16 feet.

The work included the construction of two bridges,--one of 16'4" span and the other of 10'0" span, both being skew bridges : the extension of a number of old culverts and the construction of a number of new ones and the construction of retaining walls, aggregat- ing 1,200 feet in length and ranging from 5 to 17 feet in height. A short length of the stream at the south-east corner of the Golf links was trained, a channel for the dry-weather flow being provided.

The abutments of the bridges are of masonry, set in cement mortar, and the decking is of reinforced concrete, 6 inches thick. supported on beams of the same material. The retaining walls are in part of rubble masonry and in part of lime and cement con- crete, with displacers. They are surmounted by parapet walls, 3 feet high, built of rubble stone, set in lime and cement mortar, and finished off on top with a semi-circular coping of cement concrete.

Owing to the sandy nature of the soil where the road skirts Deep Water Bay, quarry spalls, 12 to 15 inches in depth, were set over the full width of the road to form a foundation for the surfacing. The road throughout has been surfaced with macadam, 4" thick, finished with a top-dressing of asphaltum and crushed granite put on in two coats. The top-dressing, which was carried out depart- mentally, was not completed by the close of the year.

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 51

Cement concrete side channels, 18 inches wide, were provided

where necessary.

1917 Estimates,....

1917 Expenditure,

$37,500.00 Total Estimates,

Expenditure to 36,087.95 31/12/17,

$37,500.00

36,087.95

(c.) Taitam Tuk to Shaukiwan,--New road from north end of low level dam to Tailam Gap.-This length of road also forms a portion of the scheme for the construction of a road to encircle the greater portion of the Island. A Contract for the work was let to Mr. Lai Fuk in September and, by the close of the year, 6,000 cubic yards of excavation had been executed and several lengths of retain- ing wall and toe wall had been constructed.

The length of the road will be about 106 miles and it will have a width of 20 feet throughout.

During the earlier part of the year, a sum of $373.20 was spent on preliminary work, including the cutting of a trace.

1917 Estimates,.....$ 15,000.00 Total Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,......

|

Expenditure to 6,032.50 | 31/12/17,

$ 6,032.50

(d.) Path from May Road Station to Tregunter Mansions.-This work was not begun as negotiations for the exchange of some land through which the path will pass were not concluded until late in the year.

A track was however cut and other preliminary works were carried out.

1917 Estimates,. $ 3,000.00 | Total Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,...

121.20

Expenditure to

31/12/17,

$ 3,000.00

121.20

(e.) Improving corner at junction of Garden Road with “Queen's Road. The approach from Queen's Road to Garden Road was improved by cutting off a small portion of the north-east corner of Murray Parade Ground and throwing it into Garden Road; the retaining wall to support the Parade Ground being rebuilt on the new alignment. The surface of that portion of Garden Road affected by the widening was coated with asphaltum. The area of land resumed from the Military Authorities for the improvement was 465 square feet.

1917 Estimates,

$ 1,800.00

1917 Expenditure,... 860.62*

Total Estimates, ......$ 1,800.00 Expenditure to

31/12/17,...

860.62

(f.) Path from near Plantation Gap to Barker Road, near Victoria Hospital-A Contract for this work was let to Mr. Yau Kung Cheong in October and, by the close of the year, it was nearly completed. The path is 1,800 feet long and 6 feet wide, with a

* This amount does not include a sum of $1,262.50 which will be credited to the War Department in the Military Lands Account as the capitalized value of the area resumed.

1

Q 55

P.W.E. H.ongkong.

grade of 1 in 6. It is formed partly in cutting and partly on em- bankment, and is surfaced with 4 inches of macadam, tarred and sanded. It commences at a point on Plantation Road above R.B.L. 139, crosses Findlay Road and terminates on Barker Road to the west of Victoria Hospital.

$

1917 Estimates,......$ 3,600.00 | Total Estimates, ... 3,600.00

Expenditure to

31/12/17,

1917 Expenditure, .. 3,306.66

3,306.66

(g.) Aberdeen Road,—Improvements in neighbourhood of Aber- deen Docks and new road past Aberdeen Village.—To admit of this work being carried out, it was necessary to arrange for the removal of the collection of old, insanitary structures which extended over the foreshore opposite houses Nos. 49 to 105. This was done, the owners being permitted to occupy a strip of Crown land, about 5 feet wide, which existed between their houses and the side of the new road, on payment of 50 cents per annum per house. Several lots, which were interfered with by the road, were readjusted or altered so as to enable the road to be constructed, compensation being paid where necessary. Particulars of the compensation paid will be found under paragraph 16 of this Report.

A Contract for the work involved was let to Messrs Wing Lee & Co. in June and, by the close of the year, 700 feet of road in the neighbourhood of the dock had been formed. This portion of the work involved the excavation of 5,000 cubic yards of material, chiefly rock, and the diversion of 500 lineal feet of storm-water drain. A section of the 40-foot road past the Village was also formed and a portion of the sea-wall, 350 feet in length, was completed.

The necessary dredging to form a foundation for the rubble. mound for the sea-wall was carried out departmentally, 3,000 cubic yards of stone being deposited by the Contractors to form the mound.

The old nullah between the Village and the Market was straightened and the east wall was extended to meet the new sea- wall. The total length of nullah dealt with was 495 feet.

1917 Estimates, ...... $27,000.00

1917 Expenditure,... 19,781.46

Total Estimates, ..... Expenditure to

31/12/17,

$19,781.46

(h): General Works.-The following is a statement of the principal works carried out under this heading :-

(i.) Anton Street, Landale Street, Praya East and Queen's Road East-Kerbing, channelling and laying granolithic slabs in footways around new houses and surfacing the carriage- way of Landale Street with concrete and of Anton Street with macadam, finished with a thin coat of tar toppings.

(ii) Kennedy Road-East End,-Cutting away rock to improve alignment of road and kerbing, channelling and surfacing roadway with tar macadam (not completed).

$5,668.51

5,624.97

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 56

(iii) Matheson Street, Sharp Street East and Yiu Wah Street-Kerbing, channelling and surfacing Yiu Wah Street and laying granolithic slabs to footways around new houses on IL. 730,

.$2,630.88

Deduct contribution by lessee of

I.L. 730,

972.03

$1,658,85

(iv) Ship Street-Continuing steps upwards towards Kennedy Road and eastwards to Hau Fung Lane adjoining I.L. 2089, (v.) Forming path and steps adjoining G.L. 20, Conduit Road, to give access to IL. 2205 (not completed),

2,521.08

2.430.85

(vi.) Royal Square-Laying granolithic slabs to

adjacent footways,

2,383.47

(vii.) New path and steps between I.L's 61 and 768, south of Queen's Road East-Forming a flight of steps in extension of the work carried out last year,

(viii.) Mallory Street, Wanchai Road and Praya East-Raising footway in Wanchai Road, kerbing and channelling and paving with granolithic slabs around new houses on old M.L. 111 and surfacing remaining half of Mallory Street,...

(ix.) Wing Hing Street, off Shaukiwan Road-

Kerbing and channelling and paving footway with granolithic slabs and making up road- way in front of houses on I.L. 2166,

(x.) Western, First and Second Streets-Relaying kerbing, channelling and paving footways with granolithic slabs and surfacing scaveng- ing lanes to houses on IL's 625 and 626, (xi.) Sutherland Street-Raising level of street, kerbing, channelling and laying granite setts, ... (xii.) S.I.L. 433-Kerbing, channelling and paving footways with granolithic slabs, forming roadway and surfacing scavenging lanes to houses on this lot,

(xiii) Wongneichong Road opposite Subordinate Officers' Quarters, Happy Valley, Relaying kerbing, forming channel, laying granolithic slabs, regulating level of carriageway and tarring surface,

2,036.34

1,600.94

1,466.99

1.269.06

1,216.83

1,042.28

978.86

(xiv.) Catchick and Belchers Streets---Completing road surfacing, &e., in front of new houses on I.L. 1297,

766.07

Q 57

P.W.E. Hongkong.

(xv.) Back Street, Tai Hang,-Surfacing between

houses and nullah with cement concrete,

(xvi.) Lower Albert Road opposite Dairy Farm Co's premises-Relaying granite kerbing, channelling and laying tar macadam,

(xvii.) Water Street-Relaying kerbing, channel- ling and laying granolithic slabs in front of houses on I.L. 797,...

(xviii.) Shaukiwan Road-Kerbing, channelling and paving with granolithic in front of houses on I.L's 457 and 458 and surfacing scavenging lane in rear of lot,

(xix.) Shepherd Street-Paving footpath with granolithic and surfacing scavenging lane at rear of T.H.I. L. 2051,

(xx.) Nos. 48-54A, Shaukiwan Road,-Relaying kerbing, channelling and paving with granolithic in front of houses,

(xxi.) Second Lane-Channelling and surfacing Second Lane and paving scavenging lane at rear of T.H.I.L. 2040,

615.71

454.88

448.88

109.90

360.09

285.87

176.25

Items (i)(iv), (vii)-(xiv) and (xvii)-(xxi). These works were rendered necessary by the erection of new buildings in the localities or on the lots mentioned.

It

Item (v). This work was undertaken in accordance with the Conditions of Sale relating to I.L. 2205, the purchaser of which is under an obligation to contribute $1,000 towards the cost. necessitated a readjustment of the boundary of G.L. 20, for which arrangements were made with the lessee. The work was not com- pleted at the close of the year.

Item (vi). The substitution of granolithic flagging for the previously existing concrete surfacing was rendered desirable here owing to the decay of the latter and the necessity of improving the footway in conjunction with the improvements carried out to carriageway.

Item (xv). This work was necessary to effect an improvement in the grading and drainage of a low-lying portion of Tai Ilang Village.

Item (xvi.) This work was rendered necessary by a rearrange- ment of the boundaries of I.L. 1280 which necessitated an altera- tion in the alignment of the footway and carriageway.

101. Telephone Cable from General Post Office to No. 2 Police Station.—An indent for the cable was forwarded to the Crown Agents but was subsequently cancelled in consequence of the demand for such materials for War purposes.

:

P.W.E. Hongkong.

102. Training Nullahs :

Q 58

(a) Stream in Sookunpoo Valley. —A general description of this work was given in last year's Report. The work executed during 1917 comprised the completion of the training of the main stream- course; the training of several small branch streams along the south side of the valley and the completion of the filling-in of the swampy area to the coping level of the nullah walls. The small branch channels, which vary in size and capacity, were formed of cement

concrete.

The following are the sizes and lengths of the channels con- structed during the year, these being additional to the length of 1,001 feet of main nullah mentioned in last year's Report ---

Average size, 8'0" x 8'0",

8′3′′ × 7′0′′.

.354 feet.

282

6′6′′ × 5'9".

476

6'6"× 4'9".

.252

5′3′′ × 4′6′′.

293

4′6′′ × 4′0′′.

120

4′0′′ × 4'0".

.242

3'3" x 3'0′′.

23

2'0" x 2'0"

571

various small channels,

780

3,393

The work was completed and all liabilities were discharged be-

fore the close of the year.

1917 Estimates,

1917 Sup. Vote,

1917 Expenditure,

$31,400.00 Total Estimates,

1,338.91

$32,738.91 | Expenditure to

32,738.91

31/12/17,

$51,400,00

52,738.81

(b.) Mount Kellett.-This work was undertaken on account of the prevalence of mosquitoes in the Mount Kellett District and was completed during the year so far as it is proposed at present to proceed with it. It comprised the training of several small stream- courses on the east and west sides of Mount Kellett. The channels which vary in size from 24" x 24" to 9" x 9" are formed of cement concrete with a semi-circular invert and vertical sides. The total lengths trained were as follows:-

24" x 24"

63 feet.

21′′ x 21′′

708

18" x 18"

383

15" x 15"

.874

12" × 12"

.789

9" X 9"

466

59

Total.

3,283

1917 Estimates... 1917 Sup. Vote,......

.$5,000.00 Total Estimates, $9,400.00

|

350.00

$5,350.00

1917 Expenditure,..... 5,335.05

Expenditure to

31/12 17,.

5,335.05

Q 59

P.W.E. Hongkong.

(c.) Glenealy stream south of Robinson Road. This work con- sisted of the training of several stream-courses in Glenealy Valley above Robinson Road.

The channels, which vary in size from 12′0′′×2′0′′ to 12′′×6′′ are formed of cement concrete with a semi-circular invert and vertical sides. Over a length of 148 feet of stream-bed, operations were con- fined to filling in holes in the rocky bed with cenient concrete. The total lengths trained, exclusive of the length already mentioned, were as follows :-

12′0′′ × 2′0′′

69 feet.

27′′ × 27"

...102

24" x 24"

...331

15" × 15′′

155

12" × 12"

...139

Total,

.796

year.

The work was completed and paid for before the close of the

1917 Estimates,... $5,500.00 Total Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,

2,252.15

Expenditure to

31/12 17,...

$2.252.15

(d) General Works. The following is a statement of the works carried out under this heading :---

(i) Training stream-courses east and west of LL. 2138, Conduit Road, and diverting central stream-course to the westward. Completion of item (iv) of last year's Report (completed), ...

(ii) Training stream-course west of R.B.L. 2,

Section A, Plantation Road (completed), Cost of work,

Less contribution by lessee and

penalty on contractor,

Length Expendi-

trained.

Lin. Ft.

ture.

305 153.21

$165.13

298.89

Cr. $133,76

97

(iii) Constructing tank for supply from nullahı to I.L. 1905, May Road, (completed),

Cost of work,

Less contribution by lessee,

$270.79

270.79

(iv.) Extension of east wall and invert of No. 7

nullah north of Main Street, Shaukiwan West, (completed),

190 2.688.90

P.W.E. Hongkong.

60

(v.) Training and diverting stream-course south of I.L. 2001, Sand Street, (completed), Cost of work,

Less contribution by lessee,

Length Expendi- trained.

ture.

Lin. Ft.

$942.65

942.65

195

(vi.) Training stream-course cast of I.L. 2139,

May Road, (completed),

Cost of work,

$804.04

Less contribution by lessee and

penalty on contractor,

313.73

208

490.31

(vii.) Training stream-course south of Kennedy Road and east of Bowen Road Filter Beds (completed),...

(viii) Training stream-course between Coombe

Road and well south-west of Coombe (completed),..

(ix) Training and diverting stream-courses north and south of I.L. 2205, Conduit Road, (completed),

296

459.58

11

313

186.89

Cost of work,

Less contribution by lessee,

$679.93 425.00

340 254.93

(x.) Training stream-course south of R.B.L.

137, Pokfulam Road, (completed),

Cost of work,

$313.24

Less.contribution by lessee,

150.00

255 163.24

(xi.) Training stream-course east of I.L. 2237,

Bowen Road, (incomplete),

(xii.) Training stream-course east of I.L. 2071.

IS 28.27

Kennedy Road, (completed),

Cost of work,

$746.47

Less contribution by lessee,

200.00

423 546.47

(xiii) Various small items,

255.45

1917 Estimates,.

$5,000.00

1917 Supplementary Vote,

145.44

$5,145.44

1917 Expenditure,..

5,093.52

103. Miscellaneous Drainage Works. The following is a state- ment of the principal items carried out under this heading, the amounts stated representing in some cases only a portion of the cost owing to the work extending into more than one year :---

61

P.W.E. Hongkong.

(i.) Encasing with cement concrete 9′′ and 6′′ sewers in Garden and Kennedy Roads and in loop road on west side of I.L. 580 to prevent tree roots entering joints. Completion of item (xiii) of last year's Report, (completed),

(ii) Extension of (" sewer to S.I.L.'s 437-438, Sai

Wan Ho, (completed),

$240.74

302.75

(iii.) Extension of 6" sewer to I.L. 2168, Shaukiwan

Road, (completed),

Cost of work,

$152.61

Less contribution by lessee and pen-

alty on contractor,

302.61

Cr.....

$150.00

(iv.) Alterations to storm-water drains and sewers

in Ko Shing Street, (completed),

861,50

(v.) Extension of 9" storm-water drain in Matheson Street from Leighton Hill Road to Yiu Wah Street (completed),

Cost of work,

$224.04

Less contribution by lessee,

112.02

112.02

(vi.) Extension of 6" sewer in Sharp Street East from Matheson Street to scavenging lane on I.L. 730 (completed),

123.60

(vii.) Diversion of 6′′ sewer between R.B.L's 2 and

139, Plantation Road, (completed),

Cost of work,

$246.31

Less contribution by lessee,

350.00

Cr..

$103.69

(viii.) Extension of 6" sewer in lane south of Queen's Road East opposite Spring Gardens Lane to I.L's 1944 and 2074 (completed),

Cost of work,

Less contribution by lessee,

$454.92 300.00

$154.92

(ix.) Extension of 9" storm-water drain in Yiu Wah

Street from Matheson Street (completed),

Cost of work,

Less contribution by lessees

$191.47

91.34

100.13

(x.) Extension of 18", 15′′ and 12" storm-water drains, gullies and connections in Main Street, Shaukiwan West, from Sai Wan Ho Market to S.I.L. 430 (completed),

1,329.48

(xi.) Extension of 6" sewer and 9" storm-water drain in street north-east of IL. 2166, Whit- feild, (completed),

272.30

P.W.E. Hongkong.

62.

(xii.) Extension of 6" sewer and 6′′ storm-water drain in Mallory Street from Praya East (completed), (xiii) Extension of 6" sewer in Sharp Street East for

I.L. 729, R.P., (completed),

Cost of work,

Less contribution by lessees,

(xiv.) Extension of 9′′ storm-water drain in Catchick Street from Davis Street eastwards (completed), (xv.) Extension of 9" storm-water drain in Kennedy

Road opposite I.L. 1945 (completed),

$737,13

$376.73 200.00

176.73

609.65

249.93

(xvi.) Extension of 6" sewer to L.L. 2205, Conduit

Road, (completed),

Cost of work,

Less contribution by lessees,

$418.05 250.00

168.05

(xvii.) Construction of 9" storm-water overflow from sewer to storm-water drain at the junction of Garden Road and Queen's Road Central (com- pleted),...

134.51

(xviii.) Extension of 6′′ sewer to I.L. 2169, Lard Factory

above Smithfield, Kennedy Town, (completed),

165.72

(xix.) Extension of 6" sewer to S.I.L. 433, Shaukiwan

East, (completed),

411.49

(xx.) Extension of 9" and 6" sewers and 12" and 9" storm-water drains in Landale Street on M.L. 23, Praya East (completed),

(xxi.) Extension of 12′′ storm-water drain in Queen's Road East, east of Fletcher Street, (completed), (xxii.) Extension of 6" sewer and 9′′ storm-water drain to lane on IL. 734 in Sharp Street East from Matheson Street (completed),

(xxiii.) Construction of additional gullies and con- nections and altering existing ones in Matheson Street and Sharp Street East (completed),

(xxiv.) Construction of additional gullies and con- nections near I.L. 2089, Ship Street,(completed), (xxv.) Relaying 12" storm-water drain with 18" ear- thenware pipes in Rutter Street between Po Yan Street and Pound Lane (completed),...

(xxvi.) Extension of storm-water drain in Holland

Street to M.L. 268, R.P., (completed),

1,795.08

913.28

383.46

349.42

31.91

786.86

Cost of work,

Less contribution by lessee,

$197.58 164.16

33.42

(xxvii.) Extension of 4" sewer to urinal in May Road,

east of Peak Tramway, (completed),...

752.32

A

63

P.W.E. Hongkong.

(xxviii.) Extension of 4" sewer to No. 2 Fuk Hing Lane

in Blacksmith's Lane (completed),

(xxix) Drain connections (94) and other minor items

(completed),

97.09

Cost of work,

$4,664.30

Less contributions by various lessees,

&c.,

2,301.90

2.362.40

1917 Estimates,

$20,000.00

1917 Expenditure,

13.402.20*

3

:

Item (i). This work was described under item (xiii) of last year's Report.

Items (ii), (iii), (vi), (viii), (xi), (xii), (xiii), (xviii), (xix), (xxii). (xxvi) and (xxviii). These extensions were required to take the sullage water and in some cases the storm-water from new houses built on the lots mentioned.

Item (iv). This work was required on account of the raising and resurfacing of Ko Shing Street.

Items (v), (ix), (x), (xiv), (xv) and (xxi). These extensions were required on account of developments or improvements in the localities mentioned.

Item (vii). This diversion was rendered necessary by the sale of R.B.L. 139, Plantation Road, as the sewer crossed the lot.

Item (xvi). Owing to the necessity of forming and surfacing the approach road to I.L. 2205, it was considered advisable to lay the sewer for this lot in order to avoid breaking up the surfacing in the near future.

Item (xvii). During beavy rainstorms, the sewer at the junction of Garden and Queen's Road Central overflowed the roadway. An overflow connecting with the storm-water drain has been constructed to prevent this.

Item (xx). Sewers and storm-water drains were laid in this newly-formed road to take the sewage and storm-water from the houses recently built on the lot.

Items (xxiii) and (xxiv). Owing to recent developments, it be- came necessary to provide additional facilities for dealing with the storm-water in the streets mentioned.

Item (xxv). During one of the heavy rainstorms in July, the 12" storm-water drain became overcharged and the road surface was burst up. The 12" drain was therefore replaced with an 18" one.

Item (xxvii). This work was required to take the drainage from a newly-erected urinal.

Item (xxix). This calls for no comment.

* A sum of $40 contributed by the lessee of L.L. 2027 towards the cost of a sewer was credited to this vote, but no expenditure on the work was incurred during 1917. The expenditure in Annexe B therefore appears as $13,362.20.

P.W.E. Hongkong.

64

104. Extensions of Lighting. The following lamps were

erected:

Gas Lamps.

Yiu Wah Street,

Ship Street,

Hau Fung Lane,

Mallory Street,......

Wongneichong Village (I.L. 1927),

Battery Path,

Peak Road,

Deduct lamps removed :-

U Lok Lane,

Lau U Lane,

Net increase,

Electric Lamps (incandescent).

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

8

14

N

12

Lugard Road (32 Č.P.),

Shaukiwan Road (50 C.P.),

1

4

Total increase in number of

lamps, gas and electric,...... 16

1917 Estimates,...

1917 Expenditure,

$1,000.00 985.62

PAMANG

105. Post Office,-New Store-room.—Part of the basement on the south side of the building was utilized for a new store-room, large cupboards, racks and shelves being erected and treated with solignum.

1917 Estimates,..

1917 Expenditure,

$1,200.00 1,093.36

106. Victoria Gaol,-Constructing concrete platform over lower yard. This work, which was carried out to provide additional space for prisoners obtaining exercise, comprises the construction of a reinforced concrete platform about 90' 9" long by 55' 0" wide (average) supported on a steel framework over the lower yard adjoining Arbuthnot Road. It is roofed over with corrugated iron, carried on steel trusses and stanchions. A reinforced concrete

staircase leads from the lower yard to the new platform.

The various old buildings previously existing in the lower yard have been demolished and the surface has been formed and current- ed to regular gradients. These alterations necessitated the rear- rangement of the Laundry which is located in the lower yard. It has been enlarged and provided with two large boilers, erected

1

65

P.W.E. Hongkong.

immediately adjacent to it. A row of nineteen washing troughs and eight soaking troughs, all of reinforced concrete and lined with white glazed tiles, are included in the scheme, but these had not been completed at the close of the year.

1917 Estimates,.. $21,500.00 Total Estimates,...... 1917 Sup. Votes, ..

16,500.00

$38,000.00

1917 Expenditure,... 37,983.12 | Expenditure to

31/12/17,

$37,983.12

107. Victoria Gaol,-Concrete floors to Warders' Quarters.— New hardwood floors, coated with solignum, were laid on 4′′ of cement concrete in three ground floor rooms of this building to replace flooring and joists which had been destroyed by white ants and dry-rot.

1917 Estimates....... $1,200.00 | Total Estimates,..

Expenditure to 1,172.05 31/12/17,.

1917 Expenditure,

$1,200.00

1,172.05

108. Civil Hospital,-Improving rentilution of Operating Theatre. This work was undertaken in order to improve the venti- lation of the operating theatre during the summer months. It consisted of constructing an ice chamber about 5′ 6′′ × 4′ 6′′ × 4′ 0′′ in a room on the ground floor and forcing the cooled air by means of a fan through a duct leading to the operating theatre overhead. Sundry alterations were also made in the operating theatre itself, including the removal of the sterilizers and hot water boilers into an adjoining room, communication being provided by means of a hatch through the dividing wall.

1917 Estimates,...... $1,500.00 Total Estimates,......

Expenditure to

1917 Expenditure, .. 1,026.96 | 31 12 17,.

$1,500.00

1,026.96

109. Ellis Kadoorie School,--Volley Ball Court. This work, which was completed during the year, comprised, in addition to the grading and surfacing of the courts with decomposed granite, the erection of a retaining wall adjacent to Hospital Road and of two cross retaining walls dividing the area into terraces at different levels. the provision of a triangular wire mesh screen adjoining Hospital Road and the construction of flights of granite steps connecting the various terraces. All liabilities were discharged before the close of the year.

1917 Estimates, ...$5,600.00 | Total Estimates, ......$6,600.00

Expenditure to

31/12/17,

1917 Expenditure,

3.840.59

110. Wongneichong Village Improvements.

111. Shaukiwan Village Improvements.

.4,853.53*

It was not found

possible to proceed with these works during the year.

*This includes a sum of $1.012.94 which was expended in 1916 and debited to the Vote Miscellaneous Works” (vide p. 62 of last year's Report).

P.W.E. Hongkong.

66

112. Chinese Cemeteries,-- Laying out new areas. -A state- ment of the work carried out under this heading will be found in paragraph 42 of this Report.

1917 Estimates.

1917 Expenditure,

$2,000,00 1,253.31

113. Survey of Colony.—An account of the survey work executed will be found in paragraph 19 of this Report.

1917 Estimates,...

1917 Expenditure,....

$4,000,00 2,081.14

114. Boundary stones. —A statement of the boundary stones fixed will be found in paragraph 18 of this Report.

1917 Estimates.............

1917 Expenditure,.

$1,000.00 88144

115. Miscellaneous Works.-The following are the principal

items of expenditure under this heading :--

Government Offices :-

Constructing a strong room in roof

for Buildings Ordinance records, $2,655.75

Extending rooms on ground floor,

west side, by taking in verandah,

1,524.14

Supplying and fixing 10 sunblinds,

2-6.50

Supplying and fixing 5 electric fans

in various offices,

123.30

Installing lamp radiator in Principal

Land Surveyor's Office,......

28.76

$4,618.45

Imports and Exports Office:--

Adapting the first floor of Nos. 96 and 97, Connaught Road Central, for temporary offices....... Opium Factory, Wanchai, - Form-

ing strong-room and sundry al-

1,183.32

terations in connection with Im-

ports and Exports Office,

1,080.00

Supplying and fixing electric fans,

99.99

2,313.31

1,023.46

Bathing Beaches at North Point and Kennedy Town Erecting matsheds and piers and providing watchmen. &c.,

New Government Offices :-

Addition of 2 Water Closets on 3rd

floor including alteration and rearrangement of lavatories,

Installing motor-generator,

584.93

327.47

912.40

67

Water Boat Supply, Shaukiwan,-

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Bridging rocks opposite Police Station and laying main for supplying water-boats in sub- stitution for works under private control which have been closed by Government,

Victoria Hospital :-

Constructing new drying-room ad-

joining Sisters' Quarters,

Extending handrail to staircase to

first floor in teak, &c.,

Store Shed near Central Market-

$846.23

$752.26

87.41

839.67

Converting portion of the temporary building opposite Central Market into a small Govern- ment Depôt,

રી

815.88

Harbour Office:-

Rearrangement of office fixtures in

Junk Office,

191.37

Supplying and fixing electric fans,

176.51

Supplying and fixing new counters

in Shroff's office,...

172.87

Altering typhoon lights to comply

with the new code introduced on

the 1st July, 1917,

156.05

Supplying and fixing 2 pendant

lights at Marine Court,

37.40

783.70

Blake Pier - Supplying and fixing seats at end

of pier,

658.84

Sookumpoo Valley-Erecting matshed to isolate

cattle daring Rinderpest epidemic,

538.68

Queen's College-Constructing lavatory and water closet on first floor verandah for Lady Teachers,....

515.10

same at Causeway Bay,

Constructing small public urinal adjoining

tramway loop at Causeway Bay,

Public Works Storeyard, Wanchai :

Surfacing path with tar macadam, Constructing 12 trestles for carry-

ing rolled steel joists,..

Removing 5-ton crane from lighter and landing

116. Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903, -Com- pensation and Resumptions.-This vote provides for the resumption of areas to form scavenging lanes, for the payment of compensation

400.16

124.31

65.70

190.01

156.58

P:W.E. Hongkong.

68

in connection with the removal of houses over the ends of private streets or lanes, and other matters. In some cases, where houses are of moderate depth, a modification of the open space require- ments has been granted, the owners agreeing to provide a lane without compensation in consideration of being permitted to count it as part of their open space.

1917 Estimates,

1917 Supplementary Votes,

1917 Expenditure,

.$160,000,00

281,000.00

$441,000.00

441,154.59

The following is a statement of the various resumptions effected during the year and of the scavenging lane areas provided by owners without compensation :---

(1.) Properties resumed,

Compensation

paid.

4,250,00

8,250.00*

I.L. 2026, Kennedy Road,

No. 107 Queen's Road Central-Resumption of riding floors over entrance to Hing Lung St.,... No. 127 Queen's Road Central--Resumption of riding floors over entrance to Wing On Street,

I.L. 1585, Ship Street,

I.L. 1918, Morrison Hill,

1.L. 84, Morrison Hill,

Various lots at Little Hongkong resumed on ac-

count of their lying within the extended boundaries of R.B.L, 132,.

9,000.00

810.81

80,000.00

275,000.00

142.50

A.I.L's 42 and 47,......

556.00

A.I.L. 62,--Compensation paid for buildings,..............

1,200.00

A.M.L. 2,- Compensation paid for removal and

re-erection of shed,......

250.00

Resumption of Mallory Street (M.L's 110 and

111) area 6,564 square feet, .

13.128.00

Resumption of Landale Street and of strip for widening Tsui In Lane (re-named Anton Street) from 10 feet to 30 feet (M.L. 23)--- combined area 12,961 square feet,

38.883.00

*An additional sum of $185 was paid out of the vote for the demolition of the riding floors and also a sum of $25 for retaining the services of a private firm of Architects.

69

P.W.E. Hongkong.

(2.) Scavenging Lanes resumed on payment of compensation.

Area in Compensation.

sq. ft.

paid.

$

Do.,

In rear of Nos. 90-96 First Street, Nos. 99-105 Second Street and Nos. 24-36 Western Street. I.L's 625 and 626. No. 88 First Street and No. 97 Second Street, I.L. 710,

984.00

4,860.96

78.00

385.32

Do.,

Nos.

946-98 Wanchai

Road, Nos. 2-14 Mallory

Street, Nos. 124-130

Praya East and Nos. 1-13

Heard Street, M.L. 111, 2,114.00 4,228.00

(3.) Scavenging Lanes provided by owners but not surrendered

to Government.

Area in

sq. ft.

In rear of Nos. 1-15 Matheson Street, Nos. 1-23 Sharp Street East and Nos. 1-17 Yin Wah Street, I.L. 730,.

2,439.50

Do.,

Nos. 17 and 19 Wanchai Road. I.L. 374,

150.00

Do.,

Nos. 54-60 Ship Street, I.L. 2089,.

372.00

Do..

Nos. 46-64 Queen's Road East, Nos. 9-18 Praya East, Nos. 1-8 Anton Street and Nos. 1-17 Landale Street, M.L. 23,

3.578.50

Do.,

Nos. 5-11 Sing Woo Road, Wongnei- chong, I.L. 1927, ....

388.50

Do.,

Nos. 7-9 Man Chung Terrace, Wong- neichong, I.L's 2163, 2171 and 2172,

378.00

Do.,

Nos. 1-11 Wing Hing Street, I.L. 2166.

565.50

Do.,

No. 27 Whitfeild, I.L. 1044.

94.50

Do.,

Nos. 28a and 28b Main Street, Shauki-

wan East, S.L. 142,

90.00

Do..

3 houses, Whitfeild, I.L. 2234.

707.50

Do.,

Nos. 38c and 40a Bonham Road. I.L.

591, Sec. F.

516.00

Do.,

No. 22 Belchers Street, M.L. 239 Sec.

D;

130.00

Do..

No. 50 Centre Street, 1.L. 636,

84.00

C

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 70

(4) Scavenging Lanes to be provided by owners when an op- portunity occurs of gaining access to them from the adjoining streets.

Area in

sq. ft.

In rear of Nos. 52 and 53 Praya East, M. L. 118,

R.P.,

192.50

Do.,

No. 10 Wing Lok Street, M.L. 22,

Sec. A.,

88.50

Do..

No. 83 Wing Lok Street, M.L. 170,

56.33

Do.,

No. 94 Wing Lok Street, I.L. 1769,

84.50

Do.,

No. 73 Wing Lok Street and No. 49 Bonham Strand, M.L. 165,...

83.00

Do.,

No. 58 Wing Lok Street and No. 266 Des Voeux Road Central, I.L. 1811,...

84.50

Do.,

Nos. 6 and 8 Holland Street, M.L. 239, Sec. B.

174.00

A scheme for providing Government Officials with residences was inaugurated during the year, the following properties being resumed for this purpose

www.

R.B.L. 19, Gough Hill Road,

"

120, Mount Gough,.

$40,000.00 48,000.90

In both cases, the cost of resumption was defrayed from the Vote "Miscellaneous Services.”

117. Additional Service Reservoir, &c., West Point.-Satis- factory progress was made with these works. The service re- servoir was completed during the year up to the level of the beams for supporting the concrete roofing. The amount of reinforced cement concrete work in connection with this reservoir is quite considerable: the division wall contains 542 cubic yards and there are 284 pillars averaging 18.6 feet in length or a total length of 5,279 feet. The beams for supporting the arched concrete roof will have an aggregate length of 11,560 feet.

The filter beds were completed and the laying of the perforat- ed tiles for the floors was well in hand. The six filter beds have an aggregate area of 4,400 square yards, the largest containing 766 square yards and the smallest 675 square yards.

The pre-filters and the conduit which serves them were nearly completed. There are two pre-filters to each filter bed. The aggregate area of the pre-filters is 200 square yards.

The gauge-basin for measuring the quantity of water passing through the conduit was completed.

The service mains from the filter beds to the service reservoir and the washout mains, &c., were laid.

Q71

P.W.E. Hongkong.

The service reservoir will contain to top-water level 5.4 million

gallons.

1917 Estimates,

$200,000.00 | Total Estimates, $339,000.00

1917 Expenditure, 133,853.46

Expenditure to

31' 12 17,

253,375.32

118. Taitam Tuk Scheme, Second Section.-Except as re- gards a few minor details, this work was completed by the Contract date (21st October 1917).

Before giving a description of the works embraced in the Second Section, a brief statement of the inception of the scheme may be of some interest.

Up to 1901, all the storage reservoirs,― Pokfulam, Taitam and Wongneichong,-for supplying the City of Victoria with water, were at such an elevation as to afford a supply by gravitation. Their combined maximum capacity, with boards inserted to raise the levels of their respective overflows, amounted to 510,660,000 gallons. A fourth reservoir, known as the Taitam Byewash Reservoir, (maximum contents 26,301,000), also affording a supply by gravitation, was begun in 1901.

Unless the rainfall happened to be very abundant or its in- cidence, from a waterworks point of view, happened to be par- ticularly favourable, the contents of the reservoirs were inadequate to maintain constant supply to the City throughout what is known as the dry season (October to April, inclusive). It was therefore necessary that additional accommodation for the storage of water should be provided.

In his Report on the Water Supply of the City of Victoria and Hill District, dated 9th May, 1896, Mr. F. A. Cooper, who was then Director of Public Works had proposed, among other works, the construction of two additional reservoirs, with a joint capacity of 110,000,000 gallons, on sites which were within the catchment area of the Taitam Reservoir and would therefore have afforded a supply by gravitation. He also alluded to the possibility of con- structing two other small reservoirs in the Taitam Valley at a considerably lower level than the Taitam Reservoir, but, as pumping would be necessary to render the contents of such reservoirs avail- able, he did not consider it expedient to advocate their early construction.

The futility of constructing further reservoirs within the catch- ment area of the Taitam Reservoir was however demonstrated in 1901. In that year, the rainfall during what is known as the wet season (May to September, inclusive) was the lowest on record, amounting to only 39.91 inches, as compared with an average for the previous 17 years of 65.42 inches. The result was that Taitam Reservoir did not fill, its contents amounted to only 322 million gallons whereas its capacity was 407 million gallons, - and the dry season (1901-02) opened with only 345,953,000 gallons in store in all the reservoirs, clearly demonstrating that, in providing any

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 72

. additional storage reservoirs, they should be so situated as to derive

their supply from additional catchment areas,

As the late Mr. Osbert Chadwick, C,M.G., was on a visit to the Colony during the spring of 1902, for the purpose of reporting on sanitary conditions generally, the question of augmenting the water supply was referred to him. Mr. Chadwick reported in April, 1902, advising that a scheme should be prepared with a view to the full development of the Taitam Valley, down to sea level, and that, meanwhile, one or more low-level reservoirs, with a capacity of at least 400 million gallons, which should be at or near sea level, should be constructed. As the construction of such reservoirs would involve pumping, he further recommended the provision of one pumping engine, capable of raising and delivering into the Taitam tunnel 14 million gallons daily, and the laying of a rising main, 15" in diameter, from the pumping station, which was to be located on the shore of Taitam Bay, to the entrance to the Taitam tunnel.

Steps were taken, as early as possible, to prepare a scheme in accordance with Mr. Chadwick's recommendations, but, as it became obvious that the necessary investigations required for the preparation of a complete scheme would occupy much time, it was decided to obtain and instal temporary pumping plant capable of raising half-a-million gallons per day. This plant was installed immediately below the junction of the three principal branch valleys, a small dam to intercept the dry-weather flow of the streams being constructed and a rising main, 14 miles long, extending to the en- trance to the Taitam tunnel, being laid with such pipes as were available. It started working on the 1st November, 1903, and proved exceedingly useful, being ultimately dismantled and removed in November, 1915.

Two dams, fitted with gauges and self-recording apparatus for registering the discharge of the main stream in the lower part of the valley, were also constructed.

The sum expended in preliminary works, surveys, borings. well-sinking, temporary pumping plant, gauges and recording apparatus amounted to $142,025.

As the result of investigations, it was decided that it would be inexpedient to proceed in the first instance with the construction of a dam at or near sea-level, but a suitable site further up the valley was selected, the remainder of the works, which were designated "Taitam Tuk Scheme-First Section", being designed in accord- ance with Mr. Chadwick's recommendations. Proposals for the carrying out of these works were submitted to the Secretary of State for the Colonies in October 1903 and approval was received by telegram on the 1st January, 1904. A Contract for the con- struction of the dam and contingent works was entered into on the 16th March, 1904, the whole of the works being completed in 1908 at a cost of $896,140. The scheme included the following:-

!

73

-

P.W.E. Hongkong.

(1.) A storage reservoir, known as "Taitam Intermediate Reservoir", having a capacity of 195,914,000 gallons to permanent overflow level, capable of being increased to 210,400,000 gallons by the insertion of sluice boards.

(ii.) A pumping station on the west shore of Taitam Bay, with quarters for a European Overseer and for Chinese engine- drivers, &c.

(iii.) Two sets of pumping machinery, each capable of raising 14 million gallons per day from the storage reservoir to the entrance to the Taitam tunnel.

(iv.) A road from the Shaukiwan-Stanley Road to near the Taitam Byewash Dam, for the accommodation of the rising mains.

(v.) Access roads to the Pumping Station, to the gauge basin at the entrance to the Taitam tunnel and from the old Stanley Road round the shore of Taitam Bay to the pump- ing station.

(vi.) A rising main, 18" diameter and 1.93 miles in length, from the pumping station to the entrance to the Taitam tunnel.

(vii.) A suction main, 18" diameter and 1.37 miles in length,

from the storage reservoir to the pumping station.

On the completion of these works, which were designed with a view to their embodiment in a much greater scheme, it was considered that the finances of the Colony did not permit of the more extensive scheme contemplated being proceeded with and the matter therefore remained in abeyance until October, 1912, when a Contract was let for the carrying out of the Taitam Tuk Scheme,— Second Section ".

The

Second Section" comprised the following works:- (1.) A Storage Reservoir at sea-level, known as the Taitam Tuk Reservoir, having a capacity of 1,420 million gallons.

(ii) An extension of the pumping station on the shore of Taitam Bay to accommodate additional pumping machinery.

(iii.) Two additional sets of pumping machinery, each capable of raising 3 million gallons per day from the storage reservoir to the entrance to the Taitani funnel,

(iv.) Two suction mains, 18" diameter and 0.52 mile in length from the draw-off tower of the storage reservoir to the pumping station.

(v.) Two additional rising mains, 18" diameter and 1,93 miles in length (making three in all) from the pumping station to the entrance to the Taitam tuunel.

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q

A Contract for the construction of the Dam and Contingent Works was let to Messrs. Sang Lee & Co. on October 22nd 1912, five years being allowed for completion. Another Contract for the supply and erection in working order at the pumping station of two sets of pumping machinery was entered into by the Crown Agents with Messrs. James Simpson & Co., Ltd. on the 9th January 1914. Further Contracts were let to Messrs. Sang Lee & Co. from time to time for the construction of the foundations for the pumping machinery, the extension of the pumping station buildings, the provision of a reinforced concrete landing stage for the station, the laying of the suction and rising mains and sundry other minor works.

The following is a brief description of the works enumerated above:

The dam is constructed across the Taitam stream where it discharges on to the tidal flat at the head of Taitam Bay and is therefore at sea-level. Its extreme length is 1,255 feet and its extreme height from the deepest part of the foundations to the roadway which surmounts it is 170 feet or, to the crest of the overflow, 161 feet. Its maximum thickness at the base is 115 feet and the maximum depth of water impounded by it is 117 feet. "A special feature of the work is that the foundations in the stream-bed had, for a length of 238 feet, to be excavated below sea-level, the general level of the sound rock at the deepest part of the founda- tions being 30 feet below the stream-bed or 27 feet below low- water ordinary spring tides. A tongue, varying from 10 to 20 feet in width, was cut into the rock to ensure greater watertightness and was carried down to a maximum depth of 41 feet below low- water ordinary spring tides. The dam is of cement concrete, faced on the inner side with granite ashlar and on the outer with granite rubble set and pointed in cement mortar. Except in the case of the backing of the inner facing, for which fine cement concrete (41⁄2 to 1) varying from 10'0" thick at the base to 3'8" thick at the top, was used, the whole of the cement concrete has granite displacers embedded in it.

The quantities of excavation for the dam and of cement concrete and granite masonry used in its construction were as follows :—

Soft excavation,

Rock

""

Cement concrete hearting (6 to 1).

33

25

>>

(41 to 1),

backing of inner facing

62,980 cub. yds.

23,838

31,209

(7 to 1),

...

39,900

(8 to 1),

28,754

28,805

,

3,338

655

Lime concrete filling from top-water

level to road level,

Hand-packed rubble filling from top-

water level to road level,

25

1

Q 75

Ashlar masonry of inner face and of

P.W.E. Hongkong.

overflow section of outer face, 164,858 cub. ft.

...

Rubble masonry of outer face, except

overflow section,

Ashlar masonry in string courses, cor-

belling courses, parapets, culverts, valve-house, etc., ....

59,400

*

83,361

The valve-tower contains two wells, cach 12′0′′ × 8′0′′, which connect at the base of the dam with two culverts, nearly circular in section, their diameter being 12 feet and their height 10 feet. Each well contains a stand-pipe, 18" diameter, from which draw- off pipes (15" diameter) connect with the reservoir. The draw-off pipes are at intervals varying from 10 to 15 feet, connected alternately with each stand-pipe. The stand-pipes are connected with 18" supply-pipes leading to the pumping station. At the outer end of the culverts is the outlet block containing a system of valves which enable either stand-pipe to be connected with either supply-pipe. Valves for controlling the draw-off pipes are con- tained within the valve-wells and external penstocks are provided for cutting off the water in the event of damage to any valve or pipe. Below each culvert, there is a wash-out pipe 21 inches in diameter, the valves for which are also contained in the valve- wells. By means of a connection with one of the wash-out pipes, provision is made for drawing off the water in the reservoir to a depth of 10 feet below the lowest draw-off pipe thereby increasing the effective impound by 38 million gallons. The valve-wells and culverts are faced throughout with granite ashlar. A valve-house, 31′0′′ × 10′0′′ internally, containing the valve-operating gear, sur- mounts the valve-wells. The house is built entirely of granite ashlar and is roofed with reinforced concrete. The floor of the valve-house and the platforms in the valve-wells, with the exception of those supporting the head-stocks, which are of cast-iron, are of reinforced concrete, made in removable slabs.

The roadway over the dam has a clear width of 16'6" between the parapets, which are of ashlar masonry in bays of alternate rock-faced and rough-punched stones, surmounted by a rock-faced ashlar coping. It forms part of the main road encircling the greater part of the Island of Hongkong, which is now being adapted for motor traffic. The overflow crest of the dam is 240 feet in length, the roadway being carried over it on 12 arches each of 20 feet span. The arches are of reinforced concrete faced with ashlar masonry and are supported on piers of ashlar masonry, the stones of which are bonded together with steel rods.

At the base of the dam, there is a water-cushion extending for a length of 153 feet, into which the overflow water is conducted by flood-water channels. The water-cushion discharges into the old stream-bed.

Water was first impounded in the reservoir in September 1915, $6 million gallons being pumped from it in that year, whilst,

P.W.E. Hongkong.

76

in 1916, the quantity pumped was 325 million gallons. On the 1st January, 1917, the amount of water remaining in the reservoir was 182 million gallons and on May 15th, when it reached its lowest level, the water in it had been drawn down to the level of the lowest draw-off. As already mentioned, the total capacity of the reservoir is 1,420 million gallons.

The extension of the pumping station for the accommodation of the new machinery was commenced in June 1914 and was com- pleted by the 1st December 1916. It was virtually completed by the 1st January, 1916, subsequent operations consisting only of finishings which were dependent on the progress made with the erection of the pumping machinery. The buildings, as extended, comprise an engine-house, 129' 0" in length by 30' C" in width and 25' 9" in height, and a boiler-house, 83' 0" by 17' 0". The workshop, store and quarters remain as they were built (1904- 1908) and have not been added to. The portion of the main flue, which extends from the boiler-house to the base of the hill on which the chimney-shaft stands, has been enlarged from 4' 3" x 2' 6" to 5' 0" x 3' 6", but the remaining portion extending up the hill to the base of the chimney-shaft and the chimney-shaft itself remain as originally built. The small masonry pier constructed in 1904-1908 for landing purposes has been extended by adding a T-shaped head of reinforced concrete. The T-head projects a distance of 40 feet from the old pier, its width at the inner end being 27 feet and at the outer end, where a double flight of landing steps is provided, 40 feet. The depth of water at the head is 7′ 6′′ at low water Ordinary Spring Tides which is sufficient to enable coal junks and small craft generally to come alongside at all states of the tide.

The two sets of pumping machinery which were supplied and erected by Messrs. James Simpson & Co., London, are of the vertical, inverted, direct-acting type. The engines are triple expansion, the piston-rods of the three cylinders being directly connected to single-acting plunger pumps by means of crossheads and side rods. Each engine has two fly-wheels (one at each end of the engine), the crank-shaft being prolonged for outer bearings beyond both wheels. The high-pressure cylinder is 18" in diameter, the intermediate cylinder 31" and the low-pressure cylinder 50". The plungers of the pumps are 153" in diameter. The stroke is 36′′ and the engines are designed to run at 30 revolutions per minute, the capacity of each engine at this speed being 3 million gallons per 24 hours. They are however specified to be capable of running efficiently and economically at a slower speed when raising 30% less than the quantity stated. The maximum efficiency is specified when working against a head, inclusive of friction, of 350 feet, and pumping at a rate of not less than 3 million gallons in 24 hours. Three boilers of the Lancashire type are provided, each 26′0′′ in length by 7'6" in diameter. Two boilers are specified to be capable of supplying steam to the whole plant under all conditions of working, the third boiler being in reserve. The boilers are

77

P.W.E. Hongkong.

specified to be capable of the above duty at 80% of their steaming capacity. The working steam pressure is 150 lbs. per square inch. A Green's economiser containing 96 pipes in two sets of 48 cach is provided and multitubular superheaters, capable of raising the temperature of the steam 120 to 130 degrees Fahrenheit above the temperature of the steam at 150 lbs. pressure, are fitted in the smoke chamber of each boiler.

The official trials and tests of efficiency and steam consump- tion have not yet been carried out, pending the renewal of cer- tain defective portions of the engines.

A Contract for the laying of the suction and rising mains and for certain improvements in the access road round the shore of Taitam Bay to the pumping station was let in March 1914, the work being completed in September 1916. In all, 5 miles of cast iron pipes, 18" in diameter, were laid. This quantity includes 1 miles of pipe obtained by taking up the suction main laid in 1904-1908 from the Intermediate Reservoir, the removal of which was necessary on account of its becoming submerged by the new reservoir, the top-water level of which is 10 feet above the level of the stream-bed at the outer toe of the Intermediate Dam. The access road round the shore of Taitam Bay in which the suction mains are laid has been shortened and greatly im- proved in alignment by the construction of an embankment 358 yards in length. As the foreshore on which the new embankment was constructed was soft, the mains are supported at intervals of 12 feet on piers on piled foundations.

At the close of the year, there were still some liabilities out- standing, including a sum of $25,000 retained under the Contract for the Dam and Contingent Works.

1917 Estimates,.............. $320,000.00 Total Estimates, $2,455,000.00

Expenditure to

1917 Expenditure,... *262,422.40

31/12/17,... 2,335,287.09

119. Altering and installing hydraulic motor in connection with new Filter Beds, West Point. A Contract for the erection of the motor-house was let in August and fair progress had been made with the work by the close of the year. The alterations to the motor itself were practically completed but a number of special pipe castings for connection with the mains were still required.

$10,000.00 | Total Estimates,... $10,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/17,......

1917 Estimates,

1917 Expenditure, ... 5,495.78

6,841.44

* The actual expenditure during 1917 amounted to $278,675.90, from which a credit of $16,253.50, resulting from the transfer of surplus pipes to other works and from the disposal of scrap metal, etc., has been deducted.

P.W.E. Hongkong.

120. Miscellaneous Water Works.-The following is a state- ment of the works undertaken under this heading :-

(i.) Fire Hydrants, Kennedy Road,.

(ii.) Recorder, Gauge Basin, Albany Filter Beds, (iii) Recorder, Gauge Basin, Taitam, (not quite com-

$374.42

9.40

pleted),

1,058.06

(iv.) Sluice Board House, Taitam, (not quite com-

pleted),

1,892.23

Taitam Tuk Dam,

(v.) Connection between washout and pumping nrain,

832.04

(vi) Alterations to old Filter Beds, West Point,...... 2,624.16 (vii.) General,

Less sundry credits,........

83.25

$6,873.56 255.25

$6,618.31

Item (i.) Some progress was made with this work, but, as certain diversions of the road were still in progress, it was not possible to complete it.

Item (i.) This is a small outstanding balance on the work which was described in last year's Report (p. 68).

Item (iii.) The second recorder recovered from Taitam Tuk, owing to its being rendered useless by the construction of the Taitam Tuk Reservoir, has been utilized to register the water flowing over the gauge at the entrance to the Taitam Tunnel. It was brought into operation on the 15th December. It will furnish a continuous record of the water flowing over the Taitam Tunnel gauge, will reveal any irregularity in the flow from the Taitam Tuk pumping engines and will be useful as a check on the recorder recently provided at the Albany Filter Beds and for other purposes.

Item (iv.) Some old buildings at Taitam, formerly used as store-houses and quarters, which had fallen into a very dilapidated state, were demolished and, as there was no proper shelter for the overflow boards of the Taitam, Byewash, Intermediate and Wong- neichong Reservoirs, the materials were utilized, as far as possible, in constructing such a shelter. The building is of brickwork in lime and cement mortar with a reinforced concrete roof and win- dows of cast iron, the door being the only part which is of wood. Racks of L-iron, with rollers to carry the boards, are provided.

Item (v.) It was considered expedient, in view of the low state of the reservoirs in the early part of the year, to put in a connection from one of the washout pipes of the Taitam Tuk Reservoir to the pumping mains so as to enable water below the level of the lowest draw-off to be pumped. The additional quantity rendered available by means of this connection amounts to 38 million gallons.

A

-Q 79

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Item (vi.) This work consisted of substituting vitrified per- forated tiles for the layer of broken stone hitherto in use under- neath the sand in the filter beds. It will facilitate the cleaning of the beds and will improve their filtering efficiency.

Item (vii.) This calls for no comment.

KOWLOON.

121 Quarters for Subordinate Officers, (2nd Block).-Owing to pressure of other work, it was not possible to deal with this during the year, further than to acquire a portion of K.I.L. 1133, which was required to enable the adjoining area of Crown land to he economically utilized for the erection of the quarters. The cost of the resumption, amounting to $2,064.00, was defrayed from the Vote "Compensation and Resumptions".

1917 Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,

$35,000.00 Total Estimates, ...

Expenditure to

31/12/17,......

22.05

$22.05

122. Market at Shamshuipo.-Some controversy arose regard- ing the site for this market but it was ultimately decided, on the recommendation of the Sanitary Board, to locate it on a consider- able block of land, comprising two leased areas known as New Kowloon Inland Lots Nos. 44 and 45. Negotiations with the lessee of the lots mentioned resulted in an exchange of areas being satis- factorily effected and a Contract for the erection of the market was let in May. As it was necessary to pile the foundations, the site having recently been reclaimed from the sea, and, as it was also necessary to fill in the entire area to a height of about 5 feet, the progress of the work was slow. By the close of the year, the roofing of the market, which comprises two separate single-storied buildings, was in progress. Some outhouses had also been erected. 1917 Estimates, $18,000.00 Total Estimates, ... $24,000.00

Expenditure to

1917 Expenditure, ... 16,823.90

31 12/17,...... 16,823.90

123. Ricksha Shelter at Kowloon Point.—A reinforced concrete shelter was erected at Tsim Sha Tsui, near the Star Ferry Wharf. The whole of the piers, brackets and connecting pieces were made at the Government Quarry and put together on the site. The work was completed and all liabilities were discharged.

1917 Estimates,......... $2,000.00 | Total Estimates,...... $2,000,00 1917 Sup. Vote,

850.00

$2,850.00 Expenditure to 1917 Expenditure,...... 2,765.56 31/12/17,

2.765.56

124. Latrine adjoining Kowloon Point.—This structure, which contains 8 urinal stalls and an 8-seat trough latrine, was erected adjoining the new ricksha shelter and opened for public use on the

P.W.E. Kowloon.

Q80

9th July. The walls are in Canton red brickwork finished with granolithic and the roof is of reinforced concrete.

1917 Estimates, ... $2,100.00 | Total Estimates,

1917 Expenditure, 1,680.61

$2,100.00

Expenditure to

31/12/17,

......

1,680.61

125. Han Pui Loong Cemetery,--Quarters for Sertons.—A permanent building has been erected at a cost of $1,760.00 to take the place of the matsheds in Ma Tau Wei formerly occupied by the Sextons. It contains an office and store, 3 living rooms, kitchen and latrine, with two small verandahs. The walls are of rubble masonry in lime mortar, pointed in cement, the floors are of cement concrete and the roof over verandahs and office is also of cement concrete, the remainder of the roof being of pan and roll tiling. The work was completed, but a balance of $300.00 remained to be paid in 1918.

|

1917 Estimates, ... $2,100.00 Total Estimates, ... $2,100.00

Expenditure to

31/12/17,

1917 Expenditure, 1,460.00

126. Roads :--

......

1,460.00

(a.) Surfacing space in front of Railway Terminus.---The whole of the area in front of the Railway Station was treated with asphaltum to give a waterproof coating to the macadam.

1917 Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,

$1,000.00 841.86

(b.) General Works. The following is a statement of the works executed under this heading:

(i.) Waterloo Road -Kerbing, channelling, form-

ing and macadamizing northern portion of roadway between Nathan Road and Railway Bridge and full width of roadway between Nathan Road and Shanghai Street, and provi- ding the necessary drainage (part cost only, the balance being defrayed from the Main- tenance and Improvement Votes),................

(ii) Shanghai Street-Kerbing,

channelling,

forming to new levels and macadamizing carriageway adjoining K.I.L. 717,

$3,947.78

3,763.76

(iii) Argyle Street-Constructing reinforced con- crete bridge over nullah to give access to K.I.L. 1259 in Nathan Road,

(iv) Mody and Chatham Roads--Laying sand carpeting to footway in Chatham Road in front of K.I.L.'s 576 and 525 and granolithic paving to footway in Mody Road on south side of K.I.L. 525,

2,106.28

1,575.95

!!

81

P.W.E. Kowloon,

(v.) Nathan Road-Regulating kerbing and laying new channelling and granolithic slabs to foot- way and macadamizing carriageway to south and east sides of K.I.L. 1301,

(vi.) Canton Road—Kerbing, channelling, forming to new levels and macadamizing carriageway on north and west sides of K.I.L's 905 and 906, paving footway on west side of lots and laying granolithic paving to scavenging lane, (vii.) Austin Road -Kerbing, channelling and lay- ing granolithic paving to footways on north and west sides of K.I.L. 1171, (viii.) Hanoi Road-Regulating kerbing and laying new channelling and paving footway with granolithic slabs on west side of K.I.L. 573,...

(ix.) Shanghai Street-Kerbing,

channelling, forming to new levels and macadamizing carriageway in front of K.I.L. 1175 and paving scavenging lane,

(x.) Battery Street-Kerbing, channelling, form- ing and macadamizing carriageway on north. south and east sides of K.I.L. 1304 and paying scavenging lane,

(xi.) Road south of Yaumati Pumping Station---- Kerbing, channelling, forming to new levels and macadamizing carriageway,

(xii) Path leading from Hanghom to Waterloo Road -Laying reinforced concrete decking to bridge spanning railway,

(xiii) Shanghai Street-Raising half width of lane to new levels and paving with granolithic at rear of K.I.L.'s 479-496,

(xiv.) Nelson Street-Kerbing, channelling, raising to new levels and macadamizing southern portion of roadway between Canton Road and the Praya,

(xv.) Nathan Road-Kerbing, channelling and macadamizing carriageway and paving foot- way on west and south sides of K.I.L. 1307,... (xvi.) Argyle Street-Kerbing, channelling and macadamizing carriageway on south and west sides of K.I.L. 1261 and paving scaveng- ing lane at rear of lot,

(xvii.) Kansu and Temple Streets-Forming carria- geways to new levels, kerbing, channelling and laying granolithic footway on south and east sides of K.I.L. 41,

$1,554.19

1,460.86

1,104.93

1,049.46

1,020.30

843.16

664.16

613.11

584.54

174.97

418.50

358.61

P.W.E. Kowloon.

82

(xviii.) Temple Street-Regulating kerbing and lay- ing new channelling and footway on north, east and west sides of K.I.L. 56, (xix.) Reclamation Street-Kerbing and channelling on east side of K.I.L.'s 308 and 309 and forming and paving half width of scavenging lane,

.

(xx.) Constructing a road, 8′0′′ wide, to give access to N.K.F.L.'s 7 and 8-vide item (ii) on p.69 of last year's Report,

$332.25

267.94

239.48

Most of the foregoing items were rendered necessary by the erection of buildings on the various lots mentioned. The only items calling for special mention are the following:-

Item (i). In order to improve communications, the northern half of Waterloo Road extending from Nathan Road to the Railway bridge was kerbed and channelled and the carriageway formed. Between Nathan Road and Shanghai Street, the full width of the road was similarly dealt with.

Item (xi). This road was raised to keep up with the general improvements of the district.

Item (xii). The wooden decking and handrails of the bridge over the railway having perished, they were removed and reinfor- ced concrete was substituted to save the continual expense of reins- tating the decayed portions of the wooden structure.

Item (xiv). The introduction of a Ferry service between Mongkoktsui and Hongkong rendered it necessary to complete the southern portion of Nelson Street between Canton Road and the Praya

Item (xx). This was the balance due on the construction of the road to New Kowloon Farm Lots 7 & 8 which was completed in 1916.

127. Telephone Service from General Post Office to Salisbury Road Branch Office.-A new telephone line was constructed from the General Post Office to the Salisbury Road Post Office, Kowloon, in order to relieve the pressure on the Central Police Station route. A pair of cores in the new cable crossing the harbour was utilized for this connection.

1917 Estimates, ...$1,200.00 †

1917 Expenditure, 1,172.02

Total Estimates, Total Estimates, ...$1,200.00 Expenditure to

31 12 17,

1,172.02

83

P.W.E. Kowloou.

128. Training Nullahs,-General Works.-The following is a statement of the works carried out under this heading :-

(i.) Extension of nullah and temporary channel in Soy Street near F.L. 2, Mongkoktsui, (completed), (vide item (iii) of last year's Report),

(ii.) Raising south wall of nullah in Nelson Street between sea-wall and Canton Road, Mongkoktsui, (completed),

(iii.) Raising nullah walls in Waterloo Road between Shanghai Street and Mortuary and west wall between Mortuary and Disinfecting Station, Yaumati, (completed),.........

(iv.) Various small items,.

1917 Estimates,

Length Expendi- trained. Lin. Ft.

ture.

123

693.70

267.95

1,242.70)

186.46

.$3,000.00 2,330,81

1917 Expenditure,

129. Miscellaneous Drainage Works.-The following is a statement of the principal items carried out under this heading, the amounts stated representing in some cases only a portion of the cost owing to the works extending into more than one year :—

(i.) Extension of 12′′ sewer in Nathan Road between Salisbury Road and Middle Road, Tsim Sha Tsui, (completed),

(ii.) Extension of 18′′ sewer in Portland Street from Nelson Street to Argyle Street and in Argyle Street between Portland Street and Nathan Road, Mongkoktsui, (completed),

(iii) Extension of 6" storm-water drain in Hamilton Street between Reclamation Street and scaveng- ing lane on K.I.L. 717, Mongkoktsui, (com- pleted), (iv.) Extension of 6′′ storm-water drain in Dundas Street between Shanghai Street and scavenging lane on K.I.L. 717, Mongkoktsui, (completed),. (v.) Extension of 15" sewer from opposite the Government Slaughter Houses to K.I.L's 640 and 1267 and of 9′′ sewer on the east side of these lots at Mataukok (completed),

(vi.) Extension of 9" storm-water drain in Dundas Street between Canton Road and Reclamation Street, Mongkoktsui, (completed),

$1,792.02

4,844.95

112.09

109.31

3,573.38

344,18

P.W.E. Kowloon.

84

(vii.) Extension of 6" sewer in scavenging lane between Soy Street and Shanghai Street, east of Shanghai Street, to K.I.L's 1182-1186, Mongkoktsui, (completed),

(viii) Extension of 6" sewer from the junction of

Nathan Road and Wing Sing Street to K.I.L. 1347, Yaumati, (completed),"

$412.83

129.42

835.03

(ix.) Extension of 6" sewer in scavenging lane between Pakhoi Street and Kansu Street, west of K.1.L. 1304, Battery Street, Yaumati, (com- pleted), (x.) Extension of 12" sewer in Nelson Street from Coronation Road to opposite scavenging lane on K.I.L. 1259 and of 6′′ sewer along the scavenging lane, Mongkoktsui, (completed),... 1,028.59 (xi.) Extension of 6" sewer in scavenging lane

between Nelson Street and Shantung Street,

east of Reclamation Street to K.I.L. 976, Mongkoktsui, (completed),

(xii.) Extension of 6" sewer in scavenging lane from Taku Street to H.H.I.L's 165-167, Hunghom, (completed),

(xiii) Extension of 6" sewer in scavenging lane, west of K.I.L. 1263, Coronation Road, from Fife Street, Mongkoktsui, (completed),

(xiv.) Drain connections (20) and other minor works:---

Cost of work, ...

496.35

158.06

228.83

...$1,316.88

Less contributions by various

lessees, etc.......

247.33

1.069.55

1917 Estimates,

.$12,000.00

1917 Sup. Votes,

2,500.00

$14,500.00

1917 Expenditure,

15,134.59

Item (i). This work was an extension of the work referred to in item (i) of last year's Report, the new sewer intercepting the sewage which had hitherto discharged into the Nathan Road storm- water drain at the junction of Nathan Road and Middle Road.

Item ((ii). Owing to the development of the district around Argyle Street, it was necessary to extend the main sewer into this street from Nelson Street.

Items (iii), (iv) & (vi). Extensions were required to take the storm-water from newly-formed scavenging lanes and roads.

Item (v). This extension was necessary on account of the erection of a large tannery on the lots mentioned.

Items (vii)-(xiii). Extensions were required in all these cases to take the drainage from new houses erected on the various lots mentioned.

4

..

Q 85

P.W.E. Kowloon,

Item (xiv). This calls for no comment,

130. Extensions of Lighting-The following lamps

erected:

Gas Lamps.

Soy Street,

Nelson Street,

Shanghai Street,

Shantung Street,

2

6

Electric Lamps (incandescent).

Waterloo Road,

10

Lai Chi Kok Road,

9

-19*

...

Apliu Street,

Yu Chau Street,

Shamshuipo.

Lai Chi Kok Road,

Yee Kuk Street,

Hainan Street..

Tung Chau Street,

Total increase in number of lamps, gas and electric, .......

1917 Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,

3

4

2

2

2

16*

.$1,000.00 601.47

were

131. Resumption of Fery Piers.-Owing to pressure of other work, it was not found possible to deal with this matter.

132. Chinese Cemeteries,--Laying out new areas.-A state- ment of the works carried out under this heading will be found in paragraph 42 of this Report.

1917 Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,

$2,000.00 1,420.04

133. Miscellaneous Works.--The following are the principal items of expenditure under this heading :—

Signal Hill Station:-

Taking down and lengthening mast, 10 feet, and refixing same and renewing topmast,

Supplying Typhoon Signals,

$1,025.00

320.40

Supplying winch and new ropes, ............. 378.89

$1,724.29

* The installation of these lights was carried out by Government.

P.W.E. Kowloon,

86

Mataukok Slaughter House-Installing electric

light, Kowloon-Canton Railway Station Tower-Altering typhoon lights to comply with the new code introduced on the 1st July, 1917........

Nathan Road - Supplying garden seats,

$493.15

284.89

242.85

Royal Observatory :

Alterations to Transit shutters, ....

$93.75

Installing Heating Radiators,

141.00

234.75

Medical Officer's Residence and Dispensary-Instal- ling new telephone line from Water Police Station to Medical Officer's residence and remo- ving telephone and electric light fittings to new dispensary in Nathan Road,

180.95

134. Public Health and Buildings Ordinance,— Compensation.

and Resumptions.--The purposes of this vote are referred to in paragraph 116 of this Report.

1917 Estimates, -

1917 Supplementary Votes,

1917 Expenditure,

(1.) Properties resumed.

$5,000.00

2,000.00

$7,000.00

6,472.53

Compensation

paid.

K.I.L. 108, Sec. E,-Resumption in connection with the linking up of Nathan Road between Yaumati Theatre and Yaumati School,

K.I.L. 1133 - Resumption of portion of lot in con- nection with Subordinate Officers' Quarters, Second Block,.

('.

939.78

2,064,00

A sum of $25 was paid to a private firm of Architects for retaining their services in connection with the contemplated resump- tion of K.I.L. 109, R.P.

(2.) Scavenging lanes resumed on payment of compensation.

In rear of Nos. 7 & 8 Humphreys'

Buildings, K.I.L. 574, R.P.,

In rear of Nos. 30-36 Nathan Road, Nos. 1-14Carnarvon Villas & Nos. 9-13

Area in Compensation

sq. ft.

paid.

531.00

929.25

Humphreys' Avenue, K.I.L. 412, 2,514.50 2,514.50*

* These lanes were provided in 1905, but a claim for compensation was not received until 1917.

Q 87

P.W.E. Kowloon.

(3). Scavenging lanes provided by owners and surrendered to

Government.

Area in

In rear of Nos. 15-18 Argyle Street, K.I.L. 1261,...

sq. ft. 372.00

(4). Scavenging lanes provided by owners but not surrendered to

Government.

Area in

sq. ft.

In rear of Nos. 136-146 Temple Street and Nos.

29-39 Woosung Street, K.I.L. 56,

579.00

;

In rear of Nos. 284-314 Reclamation Street and

Nos. 299-329 Shanghai Street, K.I.L, 717, .............. 1,488,00 In rear of Nos. 4, 5 and 6 Taku Street, H.H.I.L.'s

165-167,

250.00

135. Additional main from Filter Beds to Yaumati.—A num- ber of surplus 18′′ pipes remaining over from the Taitam Tuk Scheme (2nd Section) were utilized for this work and an appreci- able improvement in the delivery into the Kowloon Tong Reservoir has resulted. The length laid amounted to 1,800 lineal feet or fully mile and the work was nearly completed by the close of the year.

Owing to the war, it is regarded as impracticable to obtain the additional pipes required (about 24 miles in all) to complete the main throughout and the work is therefore in suspense.

1917 Estimates, ... $27,000:00 | Total Estimates,...$175,000.00

1917 Expenditure,...18,811.86

Expenditure to

31 12/17, ...

18,811.86

136. Miscellaneous Water Works.-The only works under- taken under this heading were the following

New street fountains,

Tiles for Filter Beds,

$ 292.42 3,410.13

The layer of broken stone hitherto forming the lower stratum of the filtering materials is being dispensed with, vitrified perforated tiles, which will facilitate cleaning and will improve the filtering efficiency of the beds, being substituted for it.

1917 Estimates.

1917 Supplementary Vote,

$3,000.00

710.00

1917 Expenditure,

$3,710,00

3,702.55

P.W.E. New Territories.

88

NEW TERRITORIES.

137. Roads.

(a.) Branch Road from Shanghai Street to Shamshuipo, This work was fully described in last year's Report. The only expenditure was in connection with some outstanding liabilities and for some additional surfacing.

1917 Estimates, ... $2,000.00 | Total Estimates, ...$12,500,00

1917 Expenditure,...1,623.62

Expenditure to

31/12 17,

----

13,557.09

(b). Shamshuipo to Castle Peak, Section from Shamshuipo to Tsün Wan, 20 feet wide.-As the length of road included in the section mentioned amounted to 5.83 miles, it was considered expedient to divide it, for the purpose of letting Contracts, into 3 sub-sections, namely:-

(1). Shamshuipo to Laichikok~1.48 miles.

(ii). Laichikok to Gin Drinkers' Bay-2,55 miles. (iii). Gin Drinkers' Bay to Tsün Wan-1.80 miles.

Contracts for (i) and (ii) were let in May to Mr. Li Hing and Mr. Li Ping respectively and a Contract for (iii) was let in March to one of the village-elders in the New Territories.

In the case of sub-section (1), which traverses flat land, under cultivation, owing to difficulties which arose in obtaining possession of the land required, it was not possible to commence work on about one-half of the road until November and operations on this portion were consequently in a backward state at the close of the year. The other half of the road was however practically completed, except surfacing. As much as possible of the road is constructed on what has been laid out as the future alignment of roads in this neighbourhood, but, as an extensive reclamation scheme is in prospect, it was not possible to adopt this course throughout. Consequently, bridges and culverts have been constructed in a somewhat temporary manner as they will be superseded hereafter by structures on the permanent alignment of the road.

The cost of land resumptions for sub-section (1) amounted to $7,737.59. In a few cases, exchanges of land were arranged, thus obviating the cost of resumption. The expenditure on constructional work amounted to $16,124.19.

As sub-section (ii) almost exclusively traverses hillside, some portions of which are very steep, its construction includes numerous heavy cuttings and embankments. One of the cuttings is 900 feet in length, with a maximum depth of 26 feet, and one of the embank- ments reaches a height of 34 feet. The ruling gradient is 1 in 20. The work was well advanced by the close of the year.

Land resumptions for this sub-section cost $493.11 whilst the expenditure on constructional work amounted to $35,221.14.

མཱ

L

89

P.W.E. New Territories.

Sub-section (iii) runs mostly across flat padi-land, but it includes several considerable cuttings, one of which is 500 feet in length with a depth of 17 feet, and a considerable amount of bridge- work. This section was in a very forward state by the close of the year.

The cost of land resumptions in this case amounted to $1,854.74 whilst the expenditure on constructional work amounted to $31,200.68.

A sum of $682.49 was expended in surveying the remaining length of road,-Tsün Wan to Castle Peak,--measuring about 10.19 miles, and a further sum of $2,359.86 in providing and maintaining, for the use of the Engineer, a house-boat and a motor-diughy.

1917 Estimates, ...$ 125,000.00

1917 Expenditure,

97,088.36*

Total Estimates,...... Expenditure to

31/12/17,

$97,088 36*

(c). Fan Ling to Castle Peak,-Widening to 20 feet the existing road from Santin to Au Tau.—A Contract for widening this section of road from 8 feet to 20 feet was let to local village-elders in January, and, by September, the work, which also involved the resurfacing of the old portion of the road, was completed, all liabilities being discharged before the close of the year.

The cost of the necessary land resumptions amounted to $1,026.57.

1917 Estimates, ...$ 15,000.00

1917 Expenditure, 16,600.00

Total Estimates, Expenditure to 31 1217,

$

15,000,00

16,600.00

(d). Fan Ling to Castle Peak,-Widin'ng to 16 feet the existing road between Aụ Tau and Shui Pin.--A Contract for widening this section of road from 8 feet to 16 feet was let to a local village-elder in January and, by September, the work, which also involved the resurfacing of the old portion of the road, was completed, all liabilities being discharged in this case also before the close of the year.

The cost of the necessary land resumptions amounted to $358.60.

1917 Estimates, ...$ 6,000.00

1917 Expenditure, 6,845.90

$

Total Estimates, ......... 6,000.00 Expenditure to

31/12/17..

6,845.90

(e) Taipo Road,--Widening to 16 feet and improving bends. §c., between the 5th and 9th_milestones.--The advent of motor-car traffic rendered it imperative to carry out extensive improvements

** A sum of $1,414.5, payable as compensation for properties resumed in connection with the construction of the road, remained in the hands of the Assis- tant District Officer, South, at the close of the year.

P.W.E. New Territories.

90

in that portion of the Taipo Road which traverses hilly country between the 3rd and 17th milestones and which was constructed prior to 1903. As mentioned in last year's Report, a Contract for the improvement of the section between the 5th and 9th milestones was let in November, 1916. Some idea may be formed of the extent of the improvements executed when it is mentioned that they resulted in a saving of 3,100 feet in the length of this section of the road. The work included heavy cuttings and embankments, the maximum depth of the former being 48 feet and the maximum height of the latter 34 feet, measured on the centre line of the road. It also included the diversion of stream-courses, the construction of culverts and other minor works. The maximum gradient of the improved portion of the road is 1 in 20. With few exceptions, all the bad bends in the old road have been eliminated, the sharpest of the improved bends having a radius of 90 feet.

The work was well advanced by the close of the year.

The cost of the resumptions amounted to $67.49.

1917 Estimates,

$20,000.00 Total Estimates,...

1917 Expenditure,... 25,660.87

Expenditure to

31/12/17,

$25,660.87

(f). General Works.—The following is a statement of the works executed under this heading :-

(i.) Tung Chau Street-Laying granite setts on cement concrete foundations, kerbing and channelling in front of N.K.I.L's 47 and 48, and paving scavenging lane,

(ii) Tai Po Road-Diversion and improvement at railway level-crossing between 9th and 10th milestones,

(iii.) Improving approach road to Tai Po Market

railway station,

(iv.) Lai Chi Kok Road-Kerbing, channelling and forming roadway on north and west sides of N.K.I.L. 73,

(v.) Yu Chau Street-Kerbing, channelling and forming roadway and laying granolithic pav- ing to footway on south and west sides of N.K.I.L. 102,

(vi.) Tainan Street-Kerbing, channelling and forming roadway on south and west sides of N.K.I.I's 75, 103 and 106, and paving scavenging lane,

$2,505.30

1,937.72

741.33

494.70

491.26

352.92

With the exception of (ii) and (iii), all the above items were rendered necessary by the erection of buildings on the various lots mentioned.

:

A

Q 91

P.W.E. New Territories.

138. Cheung Chau,—Drain in main street.-This work was undertaken to improve the sanitary condition of the village, the old drains being in a very bad state. It comprised the construction of 1,740 lineal feet of 12" cement concrete channels, the taking up, dressing and resetting of 250 square yards of paving stones and the laying of 500 square yards of cement conerete surfacing, 4′′ thick.

1917 Estimates, ......$2,000.00

.$2,000.00 | Total Estimates,...$2,000.00 1917 Sup. Votes,

125.00

$2,125.00 Expenditure to

1917 Expenditure,... 2,123,94 31/12/17,...... .... 2,123.94 139. Miscellaneous Drainage Works.--The following is a state- ment of the principal works carried out under this heading during

the year:-

(i.) Extension of 24" concrete sewer in Pei Ho Street between scavenging lane north-cast

of N.K.I.L. 39 and scavenging lane north-

cast of N.K.I.L. 41, Shamshuipo, (completed), $1,171.76 (ii.) Extension of 6" sewer in scavenging lane north-east of N.K.I.L. 41, Shamshuipo, (completed),...

(iii.) Diversion of 6" sewer from N.K.I.L. 158 along Tai Nam Street and scavenging lane in rear of lot, Shamshuipo, (completed),

(iv.) Extension of 6" sewer in scavenging lane north-east of N.K.I.L's 74 and 103, Sham- shuipo, (completed),

(v.) Extension of 21" sewer in Pei Ho Street from opposite Shamshuipo Market to opposite scavenging lane north-east of N.K.I.L. 160, Shamshuipo, (completed),

(vi.) Extension of 6" sewer in scavenging lane north-east of N.K.I.L. 43, Shamshuipo, (completed),

(vii.) Extension of 21" sewer in Kweilin Street be- tween scavenging lane north-east of N.K.I.L. 74 and scavenging lane north-east of N.K.I.L. 108, Shamshuipo, (completed),

954.06

578.97

974.63

2,593.28

744.05

2,494.70

(viii.) Extension of 6" sewer in scavenging lane north-east of N.K.I.L. 155, Shamshuipo, (completed),

1,082.36

(ix.) Drain connections (7) and other minor works

(completed),

165.57

1917 Estimates,

$3,000.00

1917 Supplementary Vote,

8,300.00

$11,300.00

1917 Expenditure,

10,759.38

P.W.E. New Territories.

140. Deep Bay,

ed last year and was

92

Buoying Channel.-This work was complet- described in paragraph 143 of last year's Report. The only expenditure incurred was the payment of an outstanding account.

1917 Estimates,......$600.00 Total Estimates,......... $600.00

Expenditure to

1917 Expenditure,... 199.27

31/12/17,

446.61

141, Chinese Cemeteries,—Laying out new areas.—A statement of the works carried out under this heading will be found in paragraph 42 of this Report.

1917 Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,

$500.00

266.82

142. Miscellaneous Works.--The following are the principal items of expenditure under this heading :-

Tsün Wan-Resuming and filling in swampy land

below Police Station,

Shatin-Constructing dry rubble masonry pier at

Lok Lo Ha,

Lok Ma Chau Police Station-Installing electric

buzzer alarm,

$1,051.59

.... · 982.66

443.25

Kat O Police Station:-

Erecting matshed bathroom,........

.$119.82

Constructing latrine,

181.20

301.02

Au Tau Police Station

Installing electric bells.................

$ 33.08

Supplying and fixing mosquito gauze,... 268.59

Taipo Dispensary :--

Forming steps in embankment...$30.82 Erecting partition, fixing shelves and

301.67

supplying sink,

201.18

232.00

Castle Peak Police Station :

Sinking well,...

$170.00

Constructing matshed bathroom,.

55.00

225.00

Laichikok Segregation Camp:

Purchase of fittings,

$500.00

Sundries,

11.93

$511.93

Deduct value of stores returned,

289.41

222.52

Tung Chung Police Station-Mounting old guns on

concrete carriages,

215,66

Cheung Chau Police Station-Providing and refix-

ing windows to kitchen and extending channell-

ing,

191.12

93

P.W.E. New Territories.

143. Public Health and Buildings Ordinance.-Compensation

and Resumptions.-The purposes of this vote are referred to in paragraph 116 of this Report.

1917 Estimates,

.$10,000.00

1917 Supplementary Vote,. 12,000.00

1917 Expenditure, ......

$22,000.00

16,388.92

(1). Properties resumed.

The following lots were resumed in order that the laying-out of future public roads and the development of the Shamshuipo dis- trict might be proceeded with :-

Lot 2545, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo, ....

Lot 2281, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,

+

Compensation

paid.

$1,174,36

380.00

Lots 2511 and 2513, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,...

777.00

Lot 2289, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,

221.85

Lots 2467, 2468, 2470 and 2490, S.D. IV, Sham-

shuipo,

1,700,00

Lots 2309 and 2534, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,

2,300.00

Lot 2367, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,

653.50

Lot 2280, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,

2,095.00

Lot 2374, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,

303.00

Lots 2466 and 3202, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,......................

1,077.00

Lots 2512, 2514, 2515, 2519, 2526 and 2529, S.D.

IV, Shamshuipo,

3,599.26

Lots 2361 and 2394, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,.......

1,382.95

Lot 2321, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,

275.00

450.00

Lot 2367, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,

(2). Scavenging lanes provided.

There is nothing to report under this heading.

WORKS NOT APPEARING IN ESTIMATES.

HONGKONG.

144. Cape D'Aguilar Wireless Station,—Improvements.—Ow- ing to complaints of the great inconvenience caused by swarms of mosquitoes, the training of the neighbouring stream-courses was undertaken. In connection with this work, it was found possible to intercept the waters of a considerable spring at such a level as to afford a gravitation supply to the quarters, which had hitherto been dependent upon a well, from which all the water required had

Hongkong.

94

to be carried. Work was begun in July and was well advanced by the close of the year. It comprised the construction of 780 feet of lime and cement concrete channel, discharging into a cement concrete tank (capacity 4,000 gallons), the overflow from which was carried down the hillside by 1,300 feet of cement concrete channel. The quarters and station are served direct from the tank by wrought iron pipes, a plentiful supply of water being obtained.

The construction of a tennis court for the use of the staff ployed at the station was also undertaken. The court is laid with cement concrete and is enclosed with wire netting supported on T-iron posts. This work was completed by the close of the

year.

Sundry works, including the enclosing of the quarters with mosquito-proof wire gauze, were carried out by the Naval Authori- ties at a cost of $3,360.73, which was defrayed by the Colonial Government. A small account, amounting to $131.55, for repairs to roofs, executed by the Naval Authorities, was also paid by the Colonial Government.

1917 Estimates,

1917 Expenditure, ...$8,300.18

145. Dredging off Kowloon Point. The only expenditure was a trivial amount brought forward from 1916. The total expendi- ture amounted to $42,096.40 (vide paragraph 107 of last year's Report).

1917 Estimates, ......

1917 Expenditure,...$26.62.

146. Repairing and relaying the Telephone Cable across the Harbour damaged by s.s. “Mau Sang”.—The length of new cable required to replace the damaged portion of the cable which was laid across the harbour last year (vide paragraph 136 of last year's Report) was received and laid and communication was established by it.

1917 Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,...$1,393.50.

147. Apparatus for Government Quarry.-In order to deliver asphalte from the quarry at a sufficiently high temperature to en- able it to be successfully laid on the various roads in the City, it was found necessary to erect a heating hopper with a capacity equal to that of the steam lorry. The hopper receives the heated asphalte as it comes from the mixer and stores it, without losing heat, until a sufficient quantity has been received to make a full lorry-load, the time for preparing such quantity synchronizing with the time occupied by the lorry in taking a load to the centre of the City and returning. The hopper is capable of delivering the full load into the lorry in less than 5 minutes.

1917 Estimates, ......

1917 Expenditure,...$2,648.17.

95

Hongkong.

148. Dredging Harbour.-It was considered advisable to write off the value of the Dredger "St. Enoch", and a vote for the sum of $135,000, at which amount the vessel was borne on the Store Books, was accordingly taken under the heading "Dredging Har- bour".

1917 Estimates,.....

1917 Expenditure,...$135,000.00

149. Victoria Gaol,— Installation of trough-closets within the lower yard. It has been decided to instal trough-closets throughout the gaol and, as the lower yard was about to be resurfaced in con- nection with the work described in paragraph 106 of this Report, it was considered advisable to carry out forth with that portion of the installation which falls within the lower yard. The work com- prised the provision of a trough-closet (4 seats) and urinal and the laying of the necessary drains.

1917 Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,...$535.39.

KOWLOON.

150. Repairing and Coaling Yard for Government Launches.- Detailed drawings of the electrically-driven winch referred to in last year's Report were received but the winch did not arrive dur- ing the

A cement concrete foundation was however con- structed in accordance with the drawings,

year.

1917 Estimates,

1917 Expenditure,...$333.85. |

Total Estimates,...47,900.00 Expenditure to

31/12/17,......... 44,811.29

NEW TERRITORIES.

151. Fan Ling-Castle Peak Road,--Widening_to_16 feet the existing road between Shui Pin and Castle Peak.-Contracts for widening to 16 feet this, the remaining section of road, which was partly 8 and partly 6 feet wide, were let to local village-elders towards the end of September. By the end of the year, consider- able progress had been made with the earthwork and culverts.

The expenditure on land resumptions amounted to $159.48.

1917 Estimates, ......

1917 Expenditure,...$7,641.76.

ADVANCE ACCOUNT.

HONGKONG.

152. Praya East Reclamation Scheme. The soundings and general survey work referred to in paragraph 145 of last year's

Hongkong.

Q 96

Report, including a survey of Morrison Hill, were completed, and plans, (scales 50 feet and 200 feet to an inch), and sections were prepared showing the proposed scheme of reclamation. Quantities were also taken out and estimates were in course of preparation for the various works comprehended in the scheme.

A sum of $284.48 was expended during the year, principally in wages of a foreman and coolies.

The total expenditure under "Advance Account

to $64,787.84.

now amounts

WORKS DEFRAYED FROM FUNDS NOT

PROVIDED UNDER P.W.E. VOTES.

HONGKONG.

153. Alterations and Additions to Defence Corps Head- quarters.-This work includes the construction of new quarters adjoining Garden Road for the Corps Sergeant-Major; the conver- sion of the existing Sergeant-Major's quarters into an Armoury and an enlarged men's canteen; the provision of additional lavatory accommodation; and the erection of a balcony for storing rifles and accoutrements at the west end of the Drill Hall. A Contract for the work was let in October and fair progress was made up to the end of the year.

The expenditure, which amounted to $2,562.98, was defrayed from Volunteer funds.

154. Imports and Exports Office, Taipo.-One of the houses recently erected near the Taipo Market was leased by Government and fitted out as a branch office for the Imports and Exports Department. Certain alterations, comprising the erection of parti- tion walls and iron grilles, and a counter and platform and the installation of an "alarm" buzzer between the office and Taipo Police Station were carried out by the Public Works Depart- ment. An alarm" buzzer was also installed between the Taipo Market pawn shop and the Taipo Police Station.

66

The cost of this work was defrayed from funds under the control of the Superintendent, Imports and Exports Department.

STAFF,

&c.

155. The deaths of the following officers occurred during the year:

Mr. E. Thompson, Watchman, Kowloon Water Works. Mr. Mok Lim, Temporary Foreman.

!

97

Staff, &c.

156. The following officers left the service of the Department

during the year :—

Mr. S. Hamer, Overseer.

Mr. J. Grant, Temporary Overseer.

Mr. S. A. Laxman, Temporary Overseer. Mr. H. G. Leong, 1st Grade Clerk.

Mr. Chan Ming, 4th Grade Clerk. Mr. Wong Tsz-leung, 4th Grade Clerk.

Mr. Ngan Sai-leung, 5th Grade Clerk.

Mr. Leung Iu-wing,

do.

Mr. O. O. M. Woodman, Apprentice Surveyor.

Mr. Tsang Kam-chuen, 5th Grade Draughtsman. Mr. Un Kwan, Computer.

Mr. Liao Park-choy, Temporary Foreman.

Mr. S. L. Cheng,

Mr. Cheung Kwai-fong,

Mr. Fong Yuk-shan,

do.

do.

do.

Mr. Lai Yee, Chinese Navigator, Dredger "St. Enoch”.

Mr. Chow Fook, 2nd Engineer,

Mr. Pang Sze, 3rd

do.

Mr. Leung Sum, 1st Boatswain,

Mr. Leung Yau, 2nd

do.

do.

do.

do.

do.

and numerous other officers of subordinate rank.

157. The following appointments were made :-

Mr. C. A. Grimes, Overseer.

Mr. R. Williams, do.

Mr. U Shiu-kwai, 1st Grade Clerk.

Mr. Leung Shui-sang, 4th Grade Clerk.

Mr. Shin Chung-sang,

do.

Mr. Leung Kwong-choi, 5th Grade Clerk.

Mr. Hon U-po,

Mr. Fatty Dad,

do.

do.

Mr. Leung Kwai-ming, 5th Grade Shroff,

Mr. Lam Kwok-tung, Temporary Chinese Surveyor.

Mr. Liang Hsueh-hai, 3rd Grade Surveyor.

Mr. Tsang Hin-hung, 6th Grade Draughtsman.

Mr. Chan Shun, Temporary Foreman.

Staff, &c.

98

Mr. Chow Kwong, Temporary Foreman.

Mr. F. T. Mun,

do.

Mr. Chong Chung-yee,

do.

Mr. Liao Park-choy,

do.

Mr. Li Yuk-wai,

do.

Mr. Fong Yau-leung,

do.

Mr. T. Gracias, Temporary Watchman, Kowloon Water

Works.

Mr. Leung Shing, Chinese Navigator, Dredger "St. Enoch". Mr. Li Wen, Computer.

and numerous other officers of subordinate rank.

158. The following officers joined and left the service of the Department during the year :—

Mr. A. Cornwall, Temporary Overseer.

Mr. Chu Tak-hing, 4th Grade Clerk.

Mr. Wei Wa-fong, Temporary Foreman.

and numerous other officers of subordinate rank.

159. The following officers left and rejoined the service of the Department during the year :---

Mr. Chung Shing, Temporary Foreman.

Mr. Heung Choy,

do.

160. The following officers, who had been granted long leave, were absent during the periods stated:--

Mr. A. F. Churchill, 1st Assistant Director of Public Works,

9-5-17 to 31-12-17.

Mr. W. A. J. Cooper, Assistant Land Surveyor, 9.4.17 to

5-12-17.

Mr. G. E. Thomas, Clerk of Works, 28-5-16 to 26-2-17.

Mr. W. T. Edwards, Overseer, 29-3-16 to 1-1-17.

Mr. W. H. Edmonds, do.

29-3-16 to 1-1-17.

161. The following officers were granted local leave:—

Mr. L. C. P. Rees, Principal Land Surveyor, six weeks. Mr. H. S. Rouse, Assistant Engineer, two mouths.

Mr. A. W. J. Simmons, Overseer, five weeks.

Mr. W. O'Connor,

do. ten weeks.

Mr. Chan Sig-u, Meter Reader, two months.

99

Mr. Tang Ki-fan, Tracer, four weeks.

Mr. Wong Kwong-yiu, Tracer, four weeks.

Mr. Tang Chi-lun,

Mr. Ho Sheung,

Mr. Lo Ka-tsok,

do..

do.

do.,

do.

do.,

do.

Staff, &c.

162. The following officers were permitted to proceed to England on the dates mentioned for the purpose of joining the Army:-

Mr. H. West, Land Surveyor, 1-3-17.

Mr. A. Anderson, Assistant Land Surveyor, 1-3-17..

Mr. C. J. Tacchi, Overseer, 7-6-17.

163. The fact that Mr. E. B. Reed, 1st Grade Land Surveyor, was permitted to proceed to England on the 21st April, 1916, for the purpose of joining the Army, was omitted to be recorded in last year's Report. The officers of this Department now serving with His Majesty's forces are the following:-

Mr. B. C. H. Hallowes.

Mr. U. A. Farrell.

Mr. E. B. Reed.

Mr. H. West.

Mr. A. Andersou.

Mr. S. H. H. Ixer.

Mr. C. J. Tacchi.

PUBLIC WORKS OFFICE,

HONGKONG, 18th June, 1918.

W. CHATHAM, C.M.G., M.I.C.E.,

Director of Public Works.

Q 101

Annexe A.

ANNUALLY RECURRENT EXPENDITURE, 1917.

PROVISI-

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE. ONALLY

BALANCE.

VOTED.

ESTABLISHMENT.

CA

C.

CA

C.

*A

C.

C

*A

C.

EXCESS.

€A

C.

36,452.05 1,811.95

54,213.85 9,806.90

15,168.43 69,382.28 2,039.14 10,034.09

...

402,772.20 1,811.95 64,020.75 17,207.57 79,416.37

Personal Emoluments and Exchange Com-

pensation,

Other Charges,

420,534 44,447

366,320.15

$464,981

PUBLIC WORKS RECURRENT.

HONGKONG.

Buildings.

1. Maintenance of Buildings,..

66,000

2. Improvements to Buildings,

9,000

57,682.40 8,429,63

8,317.60 570.37

3. Maintenance of Lighthouses,.

4,500

5,814.84 1,314.84

1,400.00

8,317.60 570.37 85.16

Communications.

6. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges

outside City,

5. Improvements to Roads and Bridges

in City,

4. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in

City,

76,000

75,173.27

25,000

24,804.55

30,000

29,667.04

826.73

195.45

332.96

:

7. Improvements to Roads and Bridges

outside City,

5,000 4,548.14

8. Maintenance of Telephones, including

all Cables,

6,500 4,602.78

:

:

:

:

451.86

1,897.22

826.73

195.45

332.96

451.86

1,897.22

Drainage.

9. Maintenance of Sewers. Nullahs, &c.,

18,000 17,187.26

812.74

812.74

:

Lighting.

10. Gas Lighting, City and Suburbs and

Hill District,

32,000

i

11. Electric Lighting, City, Hill District

and Shaukiwan,

24,500

50,932.16

24,283.40

1,067.84

216.60

1,067.84

216.60

Miscellaneous.

12. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

13.

22

14.

5+

15.

""

Public Cemetery, Chinese Cemeteries, Public Recreation

6,000 6,015.21 2,500 2,204.81 2,000 1,244.09

15.21

20.09

295.19

4.88 295.19

755.91

755.91

Grounds,

3,000

2,171.70

828.30

828.30

16. Dredging Foreshores,

8,000

3,588.34

4,411.66

4,411.66

17. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,.

19,000

28,386.60

9,386.60

12,000.00

2,613.40

18. Stores Depreciation,

4,800

4,707.19

92.81

92.81

18A. Stores Depreciation-Amount to be writ- ten off value of Dredger "St Enoch,

7,500

7,500.00

19. Upkeep of Plant..

Water Works.

20. Maintenance of City and Hill District,

21.

22.

""

,, Shaukiwan,

17

""

Aberdeen,

23. Water Account, (Meters, &c.),

KOWLOON.

Buildings.

24. Maintenance of Buildings, 25. Improvements to Buildings,

75,000

116,036.20 | 41,036.20

1,000 400 10,000

980.64

434.71

34.71

5,574.21

19.36

4,125.79

30,000.00

100.00

19.36 65.29 4.125.79

11,036.20

...

...

13,000

1,000

11.565.76 236.54

1,434.24

763.46

1,434.24 763.46

..

Carried forward,

.$

469,700 493,771.47 | 51,787.56

27,716.09 | 43,520.09

30,484.82 11,036.20

102

ANNEXE A,—Continued.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE.

PROVISI-

ONALLY BALANCE. VOTED.

EXCESS.

$

$ C. $ e.

$ c. $ C.

$ C. $ c.

Brought forward,

469,700 493,771.47

51,787.56 27,716.09 | 43,520.09

30,484.82 11,086.20

Kowloon -Continued.

Communications.

26. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,

: :

...

28,000

27,614.39

385.61

385.61

27. Improvements to Roads and Bridges,.. 28. Maintenance of Telephones,

4,000

6,844.12

2,844.12

...

14,500.00 11,655.88

2,500

1,790.24

709.76

709.76

Drainage.

29. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,.

7,000

4,810.39

2,189.61

2,189.61

Lighting.

30. Gas Lighting,

13,000

31. Electric Lighting,

3,600

12,522.40 3,912.99

477.60

312.99

500.00

477.60 187.01

Miscellaneous.

32. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

1,500

33.

Chinese Cemeteries, ...

500

25

34. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

4,000

1,471.47 65.88 3,794.90

28.53

...

434.12

205.10

28.53

434.12

205.10

Water Works.

35. Maintenance of Water Works,

12,000

36. Water Account, (Meters, &c.),

4,000

11,314.17 1,660.27

685.83 2,339.73

635.83

2,339.73

NEW TERRITORIES.

Buildings.

37. Maintenance of Buildings,

38. Improvements to Buildings, 39. Maintenance of Buildings,-Mainland

and Islands in Northern District,... 40. Improvements to Buildings,--Mainland and Islands in Northern District,...

Communications.

10,500 1,000

10,047.60

727.50

41. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges, 42. Improvements to Roads and Bridges, 43. Maintenance of Telephones,

16,000

2,000

15,812.99 1,997.73

4,000

1,248.11

Drainage.

44. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,

500

265 05

Lighting.

:

......

600

766.11

166.11

45. Electric Lighting, Shamshuipo,

Miscellaneous.

46. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries, 47. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages, 48. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,— Mainland and Islands in Northern District,

Water Works.

452.40

272.50

:

187.01

2.27 2,751.89

234.95

::

:

452.40

272.50

187.01

2.27 2,751.89

234.95

500.00

333.89

100 2,500

43.10

56.90

56.90

4,701.86 2,201.96

3,450.00

1,248.14

:

::

:

49. Maintenance of Laichikok,................ 50. Water Account, (Meters, &c.),

2,000 200

4,194.24 Cr. 68.53

2,194.24

2,300.00 105.76

...

268.53

268.53

...

Less credit,

609,376.98

68.53*

...

...

Total,...

.$ 589,200 609,308.45 59,506,88

59,506.88 | 39,398.43 | 64,770.09 55,697.84 11,036.20

* Vide item 50.

Q 103

Annexe B.

EXTRAORDINARY EXPENDITURE, 1917.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL.

PROVISION-

INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY BALANCE.

HONGKONG.

Buildings.

C.

$

C.

C.

VOTED.

$

C.

もき

EXCESS.

C.

C.

1. Quarters for Subordinate Officers,-

Happy Valley,

10,000

6,079.19

2. Central Police Station,-Extension,... 100,000 3. Imports and Exports Office,

71,851.81

3,920.81 28,148.19

35,000

99.78

34,900.22

4. Rented Quarters for European Subor-

dinates, Leighton Hill,

60,000

60,000.00

5. Quarters for Subordinate Officers,

Mount Parish (2nd Block),

15,000

15,000.00

6. Chair Coolies' Shelter and Trough

Closet near May Road Station,...

2,300

1,936.85

363.15

:

:.

:

3,920.8!

28,148.19

34,900.22

60,000.00

15,000.00

363.15

7. Latrines and Urinals:-

(a.) Trough closet (underground) adjoining Lower Tram Ter- minus,

2,000

1,603.08

......

396.92

396.92

(b.) Converting existing Urinal (under-ground) at junction of Peak and Robinson Roads into Trough Closet,

500

474.64

25.36

25.36

(c.) Urinal (above-ground) in

shrubbery at junction of Gar-

den and Bowen Roads,

800

686.78

113.22

113.22

(d.) Trough Closet at north-west

corner of Cattle Depôt,

2,000

1,603.39

396.61

396.61

(e.) Converting latrines at northern

end of Central Market into Trough Closets, ....

1,500

735.72

764.28

764.28

(f) Converting Wing Lok Street

latrine into Trough Closet,

2,600

2,277.10

322.90

322.90

(g.) Trough Closet at junction of Castle and Robinson Roads,...

2,200

458 68

1,741.32

1,741,32

(h.) Urinal in retaining wall, south

side of Caine Road, opposite Aberdeen St,

2,500

587.79

1,912.21

1,912.21

(2.) Converting latrine near Ken-

700

214.65

485.35

:

485,35

8. Roads:

nedy Road Station into a Trough Closet,

Communications.

(4.) Path from Queen's Road East to Kennedy Road adjoining Inland Lots 2072 and 2079, ... (b.) Deep Water Bay to Tytam Tuk, Improvements to adapt for motor traffic section from Deep Water Bay to Repulse Bay,.....

2,000

1,203.55

796.45

796.45

...

:

37,500

36,087.95

1,412.05

...

1,412.05

(c.) Taitam Tuk to Shaukiwan,— New road from north end of low-level dam to Taitam Gap,. (d.) Path from May Road Station

to Tregunter Mansions, (e.) Improving corner at junction of Garden Road with Queen's Road,

15,000

6,032.50

......

8,967.50

3,000

121.20

2,878.80

1,800

860.62

8,967.50

2,878.80

939.38

939.38

(f) Path from near Plantation

Gap to Barker Road, near Victoria Hospital,

3,600

3,306,66

293.34

293.34-

(g.) Aberdeen

Road,-Improve-

ments in neighbourhood of

Aberdeen Docks, and

new

road past Aberdeen Village,...

(h.) General Works,

27,000 30,000

19,781.46 35,502.24

5,502.24

...

9. Telephone Cable from General Post

Office to No. 2 Police Station,

10,500

7,218.54

7,218.54

...

5,502.24

10,500.00

10,500.00

Carried forward,.........$ 367,500 191,505,64

5,502.24 181,496.60 | 5,502.24 181,496.60

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

104

ANNEXE B,-Continued.

PROVISION-

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY. BALANCE.

VOTED.

EXCESS.

$

$

C.

c.

$ c.

$$

Brought forward,

367,500

191,505.64

5,502.24 181,496.60

C. $ C.

5,502.24 181,496.60

Hongkong,-Continued.

Drainage.

10. Training Nullahs:-

(a.) Stream in Sookunpoo Valley,..

31,400

32,738.91

1,338.91

(b.) Mount Kellett,

5,000

5,335.05

335.05

1,338.91 350.00

14.95

(c.) Glenealy stream south of Ro-

binson Road,

5,500

2,252.15

(d.) General Works,

5,000

5,093.52

93.52

11. Miscellaneous Drainage Works,....

20,000

13,362.20

3,247.85

6,637,80

145.44

3,247.85 51.92 6,637.80

Lighting.

12. Extensions of Lighting,

Miscellaneous.

1,000

985.62

14.38

14.38

13. Post Office,-New store room,

1,200

1,093.36

106.64

106.64

14. Victoria Gaol,-Constructing concrete

platform over lower yard,

21,500

37,983.12

16,483.12

16,500.00

16.88

15. Victoria Gaol,-Concrete floors to

Warders' Quarters....

1,200

1,172.05

27.95

27.95

16. Civil Hospital,-Improving ventila-

tion of Operating Theatre,

1,500

1,026.96

478.04

473.04

17. Ellis Kadoorie School,-Volley Ball

Court,

5,600

3,840.59

18. Wongneichong Village Improvements, 19. Shaukiwan Village Improvements, 20. Chinese Cemeteries,-Laying out new

10,000

.71

10,000

1,759.41 9,999.29 10,000.00

...

1,759.41

9,999.29 10,000.00

areas,

2,000

1,253.31

21. Survey of Colony,

4.000

2,081.14

22. Boundary Stones,

1,000

881.44

746.69 1,918.86 118.56

746.69 1,918.86

118.56

23. Miscellaneous Works,

12,000

17,932.83

5,932.83

6,000.00

67.17

Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903.

24. Compensation and Resumptions,

160,000

441,154.59

281,154.59

281,154.59

Water Works.

25. Additional Service Reservoir, &c.,

West Point,

200,000

133,853.46

66,146.54

66,146.54

26. Taitam Tuk Scheme,-Second Sec-

tion,

320,000

262,422.40

57,577.60

57,577.60

27. Altering and installing hydraulic motor in connection. with new Filter Beds, West Point,

10,000

5,495.78

4,504.22

4,504.22

28. Miscellaneous Water Works,

8,000

6,618.31

1,381.69

1,381.69

KOWLOON.

Buildings.

::

29. Quarters for Subordinate Officers,

(2nd Block),

35,000

22.05

30. Market at Shamshuipo,

18,000

16,823.90

34,977.95 1,176,10

31. Ricksha Shelter at Kowloon Point, 32. Latrine adjoining Kowloon Point,...... 33. Hau Pui Loong Cemetery,-Quarters

for Sextous,

2,000

2,765.56

765.56

850.00

2,100

1,738.32

361.68

34,977.95 1,176.10 84.44 361.68

...

2,100

1,460.00

640.00

640.00

Communications.

34. Roads,-

(a.) Surfacing space in front of

Railway Terminus.......

(b.) General Works,

1,000 22,000

841.86 22,905.68

158.14

905.68

3,500.00

158.14 2.594.32

35. Telephone Service from General Post

Office to Salisbury Road Branch Office,

Carried forward, .........$1,286,800

1,200

1,172.02

27.98

27.98

1,215,812.53

312,511.50 383,498.97 315,341.18 386,328.65

:

:

+

105

ANNEXE B,-Continued.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED,

PROVISION-

ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY. BALANCE. EXCESS.

VOTED.

C.

Brought forward,......

1,286,800 1,215,812.53

Kowloon,-Continued.

Drainage.

36. Training Nullahs,-General Works,...

37. Miscellaneous Drainage Works,

Lighting.

38. Extensions of Lighting,

C.

C. $ C. $ C.

312,511.50 383,498.97 315,341.18 386,328.65

3,000 12,000

2,390.81 15,134.59

609.19

3,134.59

3,232.00

609.19 97.41

...

1,000

601.47

398.53

398.53

Miscellaneous.

39. Resumption of Ferry Piers,

11,000

40. Chinese Cemeteries,-Laying out new

areas,

2,000

41. Miscellaneous Works,....

3,500

1,420.04 3,926.91

'426.91

...

11,000.00

11,000.00

579.96

800.00

579.96 373.09

Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903.

42. Compensation and Resumptions,

5,000

6,472,53

1,472.53

2,000.00

527.47

Water Works.

43. Additional main from Filter Beds to

Yaumati,

27,000

44. Miscellaneous Water Works,

3,000

18,811.86 3,702.55

8,188.14

702.55

710.00

8,188.14 7.45

New Territories.

45. Roads:-

Communications.

(a.) Branch road from Shanghai

Street to Shamshuipo,

(6.) Shamshuipo to Castle Peak,-

Section from Shamshuipo to Tsün Wan-20′ wide,

(c.) Fan Ling to Castle Peak,-

Widening to 20' the existing road from San Tin to Au Tau, (d.) Fan Ling to Castle Peak,

Widening to 16' the existing road between Au Tau and Shui Pin,

:

2,000

1,623.62

376.38

376.38

125,000

97,088.36

27,911.64

27,911.64

15,000

16,600.00

1,600.00

1,600.00

6,000

6,845.90

845.90

850.00

4.10

(e.) Taipo Road,-Widening to 16' and improving bends etc., between 5th and 9th mile- stones,

20,000

(f) General Works,

4,000

25,660.87 6,574.48

5,660.87 2,574.48

5,700.00 2.581.01

39.13 6.53

Drainage.

46. Cheung Chow-Drain in main street,. 47. Miscellaneous Drainage Works,

2,000

3,000

2,123.94 10,759.38

123.94 7,759.38

125.00 8,300.00

1.06 540.62

Miscellaneous.

48. Deep Bay,-Buoying Channel,

600

199,27

400.73

400.73

49. Chinese Cemeteries,—Laying out new

areas,

500

50. Miscellaneous Works,

3,000

266.82 4,550.96

233.18

233.18

1,550.96

4,000.00 2,449.04

::

Carried forward, ......$ 1,535,400 1,440,566.89

338,363.61 433,196.72 345,239.19 440,072,30

...

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

Q106

ANNEXE B,-Continued.

PROVISION-

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY. BALANCE. EXCESS.

VOTED.

C.

1,535,400

1,440,566.89

$

C.

C.

C.

C.

C.

339,363.61 433,196.72 345,239.19 440,072.30

10,000

16,388.92

6,388.92

12,000.00 5,611.08

Brought forward,.

New Territories -Continued.

Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903.

51. Compensation and Resumptions,

Works not appearing in Estimates.

Hongkong.

52. Cape D'Aguilar Wireless Station-

Improvements,

53. Dredging off Kowloon Point,..

54. Repairing and relaying the Telephone Cable across the Harbour dama- ged by the S.S. "Mau Sang",...

55. Apparatus for Government Quarry, 56. Dredging Harbour,

57. Victoria Gaol,--Installation of trough

closets within the lower yard,

Kowloon.

58. Repairing and Coaling Yard for Government Launches,

New Territories.

59. Fanling-Castle Peak Road-Widen-

ing to 16 feet the existing road from Shui Pin to Castle Peak,.....

Total,

:.

8,300.18 26.62

360.55 3.38

8,660.73 30.00

360.55 3.38

:

1,393.50 2,648.17 135,000.00

806.50 1.83

2,200.00 2,650.00 135,000.00

806.50 1.83

535.39

364.61

900.00

364.61

...

333.85

5,516.15

5,850.00 5,516.15

¿

7,641.76

1,545,400 1,612,835.28

2,358.24 10,000.00 2,358.24

344,752.53 442,607.98 522,529.92 455,094.64

MONTH.

Annexe C.

CITY AND HILL DISTRICT WATER WORKS, 1917. Monthly Consumption and Contents of Reservoirs (Millions of Gallons).

WONGNEICHONG,

MINT DAM.

POKFULAM.

ΤΑΙΤΑΜ.

RAIN-

TOTAL CON-

TENTS OF

BLUE POOL

COLLECTED TOTAL CON-

FALL

AND

GRAND

SUPPLIES

AT

In Reser-

voir 1st of

mouth.

Delivered

MAIN.

BY-WASH. INTERMEDIATE.

TAITAM TUK.

FROM

SUMPTION

REMARKS.

Delivered

over

gauge.

In Reservoir In Reservoir 1st of month. 1st of month.

In Reservoir 1st of month.

In Reservoir 1st of month.

over

gauge.

In Reser-

voir 1st of

month.

Delivered

over

gauge.

IMPOUNDING

RESERVOIRS.

STREAMS. | (Filtered).

FROM

POKFULAM

CONDUIT (Unfiltered).

OBSER-

TOTAL.

VATORY

(Inches).

Supply by street fountains in Rider Main Districts from 1st January until 10th June, except for 2 days at Chinese New Ycar, during which sup- ply by house-services was restored. Full sup- ply by house-services in all other districts.

Jan.,

20.85

7.68

118.06

107.71

182.25

94.95

Feb.,

13.98

6.82

83.39

:..

:

1.29

1.65

430.16

3.65

107.93

3.18

111.11

*345

6,20

235.98

84.00

339.55

4.55

95.37

3.02

98.39

*405

March, 8.50

1.61

64.88

.98

178.50

100.07

.34

253.20

6.65

108.33

2.82

111.15

2.670

April,. 9.73

4.96

57.05

2.32

91.10

95.47

.57

160.77

5.21

105.64

2.81

108.45

5.230

May,

13.84

16.13

66.70

.59

1.86

27.10

81.98

2.01

3.03

112.10

13.73

114.87

2.05

116.92

9.685

June,

23.50

28.97

141.57

1.57

13.90

78.26

92.79

8.25

17.59

267.05

16.06

155.41

2.01

157.45 11.540

July,

50.16

31.17

180.64

3.72

32.98

143.65

90.65

3.83

7.44

414.98

54.49

183.75

2.33

186.08 30.075

Aug.,

66.00

31.02

384.80

22.37

193.08

582.50

80.43

30.34

26.91

1,279.09

46.85

185.21

1.21

186.42 11.950

Sept.,

63.98

39.60

384.80

18.99

195.90

925.35

114.86

23.02

23.39

1,612.04

7.85

185.20

1.91

187.11

4.880

Oct.,... 45,86

13,42

340.48

1.77

195.90

970.32

153.80

5.01

4.76

1,559.34

14.24

186.22

3.30

189.52

3:470

Nov., •

41.69

18.11

275.26

3.92

97.86 1,057.00

135.76

2.32

2.83 1,478.05

16.48

173.18

1.51

174.69

*095

Dec.,

26.30

17.31

246.10

5.84 1,057.00

148.92

.35

.33

1,335.59

5.33

171.89

3.35

175.24 1.140

Total,

1917.

216.80

...

Total,

1916.

Increase

or

Decrease.

264.69

47.89

:

...

...

:

:

1,273.68

1,281.16

7.48

:

:

:

87.93

71.30

:

...

194.59

1,773.00

29.53

1,802.53 81.485

+ 16.63

...

:

107

Supply by house-services in Rider Main Districts restored from 11th June until 31st December- full supply by house- services universal.

235.60

1,852.75

41.66

1,894.41 79.855

41.01

79.75

12.13

91.88 +1.630

:

:

́ ́Annexe D.

CITY AND HILL DISTRICT WATER WORKS, 1917. Particulars of Metered and Unmetered Supplies.

(Millions of Gallons.)

1

108

FILTERED SUPPLY.

UNMETERED.

METERED.

MONTH.

CITY.

CITY.

HILL

DISTRICT.

TOTAL

METERED

AND

UNMETERED.

UNFILTERED

SUPPLY

(Metered).

GRAND

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

Trade. Domestic.

January,

77.81

15.55

12.26

2.31

30.12

107.93

3.18

111.11

February,

70.06

12.83

10.37

2.11

25.31

95.37

3.02

98.39

March,

82.25

13.33

9.91

2.84

26.08

108.33

2.82

111.15

April,

71.62

19.02

12.28

2.72

34.02

105.64

2.81

108.45

May,

76.11

21.20

14.13

3.43

38.76

114.87

2.05

116.92

June,

116.89

22.03

12.98

3.51

38.52

155.41

2.04

157.45

July,

137.88

25.86

16.48

3.53

45.87

183.75

2.33

186.08

August,.

142.13

24.17

15.85

3.06

43.08

185.21

1.21

186.42

September,

143.52

23.91

14.88

2.89

41.68

185.20

1.91

187.11

October,.....

143.48

24.63

15.09

3.02

42.74

186.22

3.30

189.52

November,

133.72

21.70

13.85

3.91

39.46

173.18

1.51

174.69

December,

132.28

23.26

12.73

3.62

39.61

171.89

3.35

175,24

Total, 1917,

1,327.75

247.49

160.81

36.95

445.25

1,773.00

29.53

1,802.53

Total, 1916,

1,384.08

247.26

189.86

31.55

468.67

1,852.75

41.66

1,894 41

Increase or Decrease,

56.33 + 0.23

29.05

+ 5.40

23.42

-

79.75

12.13

91.88

A

Annexe E.

CITY AND HILL DISTRICT WATER WORKS, 1917.

Water pumped to Hill District and High Levels of the City (Millions of Gallons).

(Theoretical Displacement of Pumps.)

HIGH LEVELS OF THE CITY,

די

}

Q 109

HILL DISTRICT.

GRAND

MONTH.

700′ and 750′ TANKS. (Conduit & Peak Roads District.)

600′ and 650' TANKS, (Robinson Road District.)

TOTAL

Combined

PUMPED.

Totals.

Motor.

Engine.

Total.

Motor.

Engine.

Total.

Motor.

Engine.

Total.

January,

February,

2.31

2.31

1.51

1.51

3.82

2.23

6.05

7.56

9.87

2.11

2.11

.94

.94

3.38

2.50

5.88

6.82

8.93

March,.

2.84

2.84

1.61

1.61

3.67

3.00

6.67

8.28

11.12

April,

May,

June,

2.72

2.72

1.25

1.25

3.52

3.00

6.52

7.77

10.49

3.43

3.43

2.86

2.86

3.85

3.15

7.00

9.86

13.29

3.51

3.51

1.97

1.97

3.93

2.77

6.70

8.67

12.18

July,

3.53

3.53

2,21

2.21

3.74

2.78

6.52

8.73

12.26

August,

3.06

3.06

1.76

1.76

3.98

2.80

6.78

8.54

11.60

September,

2.89

2.89

1.96

1.96

2.90

3.11

6.01

7.97

10.86

October,

3.02

3.02

1.94

1.94

3.46

3.17

6.63

8.57

11.59

November,

3.91

3.91

3.20

3.20

2.37

3.13

5.50

8.70

12.61

December,

Total, 1917,

3.62

3.62

3.07

3.07

3.01

3.08

6.09

9.16

12.78

36.95

36.95

24.28

24.28

41.63

34.72

76.35

100.63

137.58

Total, 1916,

31.55

31.55

18.76

18.76

43.71

30.83

74.54

93.30

124.85

Increase or Decrease,

+

5.40 + 5.40

+ 5.52

+

5.52

2.08

+ 3.89 + 1.81

+ 7.33 + 12.73

Annexes F, G, & J.

VILLAGE AND WATER BOAT SUPPLIES, 1917.

Details of Consumption (Millions of Gallons).

F.

G.

SHAUKIWAN WATER WORKS.

ABERDEEN WATER WORKS.

Month.

Metered

Unmetered

Total.

Supply.

Supply.

Sai Wan

Supply.

Grand

Total.

Metered Unmetered Supply. Supply.

Total.

J.

LAICHIKOK

WATER BOAT

SUPPLY

(METERED).

January,.

0.20

1.91

2.11

2.11

1.06

1.31

2.37

10.51

February,

0.11

1.36

1.47

1.47

0.55

1.32

1.87

9.70

March,...

0.10

2.05

2.15

2.15

0.49

1.02

1.51

11.40

April,.

0.13

2.40

2.53

2.53

0.67

0.62

1.29

11.30

May,

0.17

3.00

3.17

8.17

0.78

0.95

1.73

11.66

June,

0.12

3.34

3.46

3.46

0.49

1.21

1.70

9.97

July,

0.85

3.08

3.93

0.31

4.24

0.58

1.14

1.72

6.81

August,

0.69

3.36

4.05

0.32

4.37

0.58

.0.92

1.50

6.31

September,

0.61

3.78

4.39

0.26

4.65

0.67

1.07

1.74

6.84

October,

0.67

3.70

4.37

0.24

4.61

0.85

0.91

1.76

6.96

November,

0.47

3.42

3.89

0.17

4.06

0.68

0.96

1.64

8.38

December,

0.51

2.98

3.49

0.15

3.64

0.65

0.75

1.40

8.77

Total, 1917,...!

4.63

34.38

39.01

1.45

40.46

8.05

12.18

20.23

108.61

Total, 1916,...

2.15

36.14

38.29

1.93

10.22

7.51

15.76

.23.27

89.37

Increase or Decrease,

+ 2.48

m

1.76

+ 0.72

0.48

+ 0.24

+ 0.54

3.58

3.04

+ 19.24

110

:

R

Annexe H.

KOWLOON WATERWORKS, 1917.

Contents of Reservoir and Details of Monthly Consumption (Millions of Gallons).

In Reservoir

Metered Supply.

Month.

1st of Month.

Unmetered

Supply.

Grand

Remarks.

Total.

Trade.

Domestic.

Total.

Q 111

January,

278.05

10.04

2.91

12.95

21.01

33.96

February,

248.96

10.56

2.78

13.34

17.71

31.05

March,..

216.58

10.75

2.74

13.49

21.66

35.15

April, .

175.54

11.65

2.92

14.57

19.18

33.75

May,

146.90

10.42

3.59

14.01

21.83

35.84

June,

219.96

10.70

3.54

14.24

22.61

36.85

Constant supply

July,

254.74

10.46

3.54

14.00

24.15

38.15

throughout the

Angust,

352.50

whole

10.53

3.54

14.07

25.20

39.27

year.

September,

352.50

11.52

3.58

15.10

24.69

39.79

October,

352.50

10.14

3.34

13.48

28.02

41.50

November,

342.10

11.05

3.34

14.39

26.61

41.00

December,

307.30

10.06

3.16

13.22

27.96

41.18

Total, 1917,

127.88

38.98

166.86

280.63

447.49

Total, 1916,

113.17

41.81

154.98

277.20

432.18

Increase or Decrease,

+ 14.71

2.83

+ 11.88

+

3.43

+ 15.31

112

Annexe K.

REPORT ON LAND SURVEY WORK

FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31ST MARCH, 1918.

Three maps, numbered 1 to 3, accompany this report.*

*

1. Organization.-The Land Survey Office, which at present includes a staff of 10 European Surveyors, 1 Junior Assistant Surveyor and 2 Native Apprentice Surveyors under the direction of an officer designated the Principal Land Surveyor, forms a branch of the Public Works Department.

The Principal Land Surveyor, in addition to supervising the usual survey work necessary in a rapidly-developing Colony, is the executive officer for dealing with all matters relating to Crown lands, the whole of which are under the charge of the Director of Public Works. He submits reports on all applications for land, conducts all sales of areas to be let on long leases, prepares permits for temporary occupation of land and licences for temporary piers, and attends to the preparation of lease plans for lots of land, quarries, permanent piers, etc., and to the keeping of numerous records.

Two Land Bailiffs, whose time is wholly occupied in preventing illegal squatting and encroachment upon Crown land, which are very common offences among the Chinese population, are attached to the office.

Two computers, three clerks, one draughtsman, and seven tracers, all natives, are employed in the office.

In addition to the above staff, there are 47 survey coolies receiving wages varying from $9.00 to $14.00 per month with allowances.

* Not reproduced.

2.- Survey Staff.

Office.

Name.

Rate of Salary.

Present Salary.

Allowance.

Date of

arrival in

Colony,

3

Date of

present

rank.

Principal Land Surveyor,

L. C. P. Recs.

£510 to £340 by triennial increments of £30.

£540 and £60 Duty Pay,

$360 per aun. con- veyance allowance and £60 per ann. duty pay 12 months after attain- ing maximum salary.

4-1-02.

4-1-02.

1st Grade Surveyor,

B. W. Grey.

£450 to £480 by annual increments of £10.

£480 and £40 Duty Pay.

$360 per anu. con-

1-5-99.

1-1-13.

1st Grade Surveyor,

E. B. Reed,

P.A.S.I. (1)

£450 to £480 by annual increments of £10 commencing with £450 on 28-10-14,

£480.

Q 113

veyance allowance and £40 per aun, duty pay 12 months after attain- ing maximum salary.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance and £40 per aun. duty pay 12 months after attain- ing maximum salary.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance and £40 per anu. duty pay 12 months after attain- ing maximum salary.

12-12-05.

1-1-13.

29-7-08.

1-1-13.

2nd Grade Surveyor,

F. Sutton,

F.S.I.(Col.)

£360 to £420 by annual increments of £10.

£420.

(1) Seconded for Military Service from 23-6-16.

2.-Survey Staff,-Continued.

Office.

Name.

Rate of Salary.

Present Salary.

Allowance.

Date of

arrival in

Date of

Colony.

present

rank.

Q 114

2nd Grade Surveyor,

H. West, £360 to £420 by P.A.S.I. (1) annual increments of

£410.

£10.

$360 per anu. cou- veyance allowance and £40 per ann. duty pay 12 months after attain- ing maximum salary.

3-8-10.

3-8-13.

Assistant Surveyor, W. A. J. Cooper.

£330 to £420 by annual increments of £10.

£380.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance.

14-8-12.

14-8-12.

Do.,

E. B. Lambert.

£330 to £420 by anunal increments of £10.

£370.

$360 per ann. cou- veyance allowance.

27-12-13.

27-12-13.

Do.,

H. H. Pegg.

£330 to £420 by annual increments of £10.

£360.

$360 per anu. con- veyance allowance.

15-5-14.

15-5-14.

Do.,

E. Larmour.

£330 to £420 by annual increments of

£360.

$360 per ann. con-

19-11-14.

19-11-14.

veyance allowance.

£10.

Q 115

Do.,

F. W. Wood.

£330 to £420 by annual increments of £10.

£360.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance.

19-11-14.

19-11-14.

Do,

A. Anderson,

B.A., B.E, (2)

£330 to £420 by annual increments of £10.

£350.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance.

19-11-14.

19-11-14.

Junior Assistant Surveyor,

W ong Hon.

$1,440 to $1,880 by $120 per annum.

$1,440.

$180 per ann, con- veyance allowance.

3-1-11.

1-6-16.

Apprentice Surveyor, Ng Ka-pui.

$720 to $1,200 by annual increments of $120.

$960

$180 per aun. con- veyance allowance.

1-2-11.

1-6-16.

Do.,

Wen Cho-

ming.

$720 to $1,200 by annual increments of

$720.

$180 per ann. con-

14-6-16.

14-6-16.

veyance allowance.

$120.

(1) Seconded for Military Service from 6-6-17. 30-4-17.

(2)

Do.

do.

"

Office.

Name.

3.-Staff of Land Bailiffs, Computers, Clerks, &c.

Rate of Salary.

Present Salary.

Allowance.

Date of First Date of pre- Appointment. sent rank.

Q 116 -

1st Grade Bailiff,....

F. II. Dillon.

£250 to £270 by one triennial increment

£270.

of £20.

1st Grade Bailiff,

Computer,

J. C. Mackay. Chan Pui-lan,

Do.

£270.

$360 per annum con- veyance allowance and free quarters. Do.

6. 6. 04.

1. 1. 15.

1. 10. 07.

1. 1. 15.

Computer,.

Un Kwan.

(1)

Computer,

Clerk, 4th Grade,

Clerk, 4th Grade,...... Clerk, 5th Grade,

Draughtsman, 4th Grade,

Tracer, 1st Class, Tracer, 2nd Class,..

Lo Ka-tsok.

Luk-kui,

Tang Ki-fan.

Lo Nam-chui. Do Kam-loi.

Li Wen.

annually.

Do.

Do.

Ko Sin-fan. (2)

Chan Tiu-fuk. Lai Ming-kai.

annually.

Do.

annually.

Tang Ngok-wan.

annually.

Do.

annually.

Tracer, Temporary,

Tracer, Temporary,

Tracer, Temporary, ...

Tracer, 3rd Class,

Tang Chi-lun.

Tracer, 3rd Class,...... Fung-kun.

(1) Resigned on 9.6 17.

(2) Died on 26,2,18.

scale.

Do.

Do.

$360 to $840 by $60

$540.

$720 to $900 by $60

$480 to $660 by $60

$720 to $900 by $60

$480 to $660 by $60

$480: no progressive

$240 to $420 by $60

$360.

1. 2. 13.

17. 8. 15.

$360.

11.

7. 16.

11. 7. 16.

$360.

19. 7. 17.

19. 7. 17.

$900.

2.

7. 12.

2. 7. 12.

$900.

21.

$660.

6. 09.

9. 8. 11.

10. 4. 12.

25. 5. 12.

$900.

28. 10. 05.

1. 1. 13.

$840.

1. 11. 06.

1. 1. 15.

$660.

12.

9. 10.

1. I 16.

$480.

8.

9. 13.

8. 9. 13.

$480.

9.

6. 16.

9. 6. 16.

$480.

13.

6. 16.

13. 6. 16.

20.

2. 13.

20. 2. 13.

annually.

Do.

$240.

1. 6. 14.

1. 6. 14.

Q117

4. Cost of Office. As the Survey Office forms part of the Public Works Department and is accommodated in the same building, the charges for numerous items such as lighting, heating, electric fans, etc., cannot be stated. Omitting these, the following is a statement of the cost-

Salaries,

Conveyance Allowances,

$51,325.44

3,852.16

Wages for Coolies, ...

6,672.54

Land Survey Contingencies,

4.30

Transport & Travelling Expenses,

580.02

Survey of Colony,

1,677.69

Incidental Expenses,...

72.35

Surveying Instruments,

568.48

Furniture, ...

12.00

Total....

$ 64,764.98

5. Trigonometrical Survey.-No trigonometrical work was carried out during the year.

6. Topographical and Cadastral Surveys.—About 47 miles of main and minor traverses have been run during the year and permanently marked on the ground.

The Ordnance Survey of the Colony was greatly curtailed during the year owing to the fact that 5* members of the European staff have been allowed to join His Majesty's forces on active service : 21 acres were surveyed in the Central District and 9 acres in the Eastern District and were completed and plotted to a scale of 50'1",

An area of about 12 acres was surveyed in Kowloon City and plotted to a scale of 50 to an inch which completed the survey. This survey has been reduced to a scale of 200′ to an inch and included in the new 200' to an inch map of Kowloon.

A few small surveys were prepared in the Peak District chiefly in connection with setting out new lots, extensions, etc.

Surveys have now been completed of portions of New Kowloon and Shamshuipo and plotted to a scale of 50′1′′. These surveys have been reduced to a scale of 200′1′′ and also included in the new 200′ map of Kowloon.

Surveys were also made of 12 lots in Hongkong and Kowloon, covering an area of 205,995 square feet which were put up to public anction and realized $118,120.00 in premium and $1,736.00 in Crown rents. A large number of surveys were under- taken for the purpose of defining the boundaries of lots and the preparation of lease plans.

Survey work was carried out in connection with the setting out of the new coastal road between Lai Chi Kok and its junction with In addition to Messrs. Reed, West and Anderson, two surveyors, who were on the temporary establishment, have been permitted to join His Majesty's Forces.

Plan (2).

Plan (3).

Plan (D).

Q 118

the Taipo Road at the 3rd mile post.

All lots of agricultural land through which the road passes were surveyed with a view to their resumption. The same was done in connection with a new road leading from Ma Tau Kok to the Kowloon Bay Reclamation the trace of which passes for some considerable distance through cultivated areas.

A considerable amount of work was carried out in connection with lots at Pokfulam which were surveyed and plotted to a scale of 200'1".

Numerous soundings were taken in connection with various applications for Marine lots and reclamation work at Aplichau.

During the year the Surveyor stationed in the New Territories was transferred to Tai O, for the survey of Tai O and the surround- ing villages (comprising an area of about 194 acres) which have now been surveyed and plotted to a scale of 50 feet to an inch.

The following villages in the New Territories were surveyed and plotted during the year:-Tin Sum Wai, Sai Shan Tsuen, Li Uk Tsuen (new), Shek Po Tsuen, Shek Po Wai, Li Uk Tsuen (old), Mong Tsing Un Ling Tsai, Mong Tsing Kak Tin Tsuen, Mong Tsing Wai, Tin Sum Tsuen, and Sai Shan Wai.

year.

7. Maps published.--No new maps were published during the

8. Miscellaneous Matters.-The following maps and plans were prepared for official use during the year:-128 lease plans (in triplicate), 10 sale plans (in duplicate), 394 tracings and 1,649 sunprints in connection with proposed sales, permits, etc., whilst 1,587 permits for temporary occupation of Crown land and 81 licences for temporary piers and slipways were issued.

9. The undermentioned officers were absent on leave during the year, viz. :

Mr. L. C. P. Rees 28 days sick leave, 64 days vacation leave. Mr. W. A. J. Cooper 7 months vacation leave.

Mr. F. W. Wood 24 days sick leave.

Mr. Wong Hon 21 days vacation leave.

Mr. Ng Ka-pui 9 days vacation leave.

Mr. Wen Cho-ming 12 days sick leave.

Mr. F. H. Dillon 6 days sick leave.

Mr. J. C. Mackay 2 days sick leave, 1 day vacation leave.`

W. CHATHAM, C.M.G., M.L.C.E.,

HONGKONG, 4th July, 1918.

Director of Public Works.

!

Appendix R.

REPORT ON THE GENERAL POST OFFICE, HONGKONG, FOR THE YEAR 1917.

1.--STAFF.

There were many changes in the Staff during the year.

Mr. E. D. C. Wolfe, who had been Postmaster General since 1913, was promoted to First Police Magistrate on the 1st February.

Mr. S. B. C. Ross was appointed in his stead and assumed his duties on the 16th April.

Mr. E. W. Hamilton acted as Assistant Postmaster General until the 14th April when he was transferred to the Southern District Office and the post of Assistant Postmaster General remained vacant for the remainder of the year.

Mr. J. H. Cooper who had been acting as Superintendent of the Registration and Parcels Branches rejoined his regiment on the 1st January and his post remained vacant during the year. Mr. T. Hynes the Superintendent of Mails acted as Superintendent of the Registration and Parcels Branch in addition to his other duties.

Mr. P. A. V. Remedios, First Grade Clerk, resigned and was granted his pension after 29 years service in the Post Office, and Mr. R. Gutierrez, First Grade Clerk, after 35 years service retired on a well-merited pension.

During the year four clerks were transferred to other Govern- ment Departments, eight resigned, one was invalided, and one was dismissed.

2.-MAILS.

The number of mail bags and packets despatched from Hong- kong during the year amounted to 123,691 as against 123,238 in 1916, an increase of 453; and the number received to 116,047 as against 115,678, an increase of 369.

The number of mail bags and packets sent in transit through the Colony amounted to 69,540 as against 68,335 in 1916, an increase of 1,205.

Boxes and Baskets in transit amounted to 12,192 as against 11,203 in 1916, or 989 more than in 1916.

4,415 steamers carrying mails arrived and 5,693 left in 1917 as against 4,023 and 5,253 respectively in 1916.

Full details appear in Table I.

:

- R 2

3. --REGISTRATION AND Parcels.

Registered and insured articles handled by the General Post Office amounted to 765,678 as against 735,767 in 1916, an increase of 29,911.

Registered articles via Siberia amounted to 32,012 as compared with 55,419, a decrease of 23.407.

Full details appear in Table II.

Parcels, ordinary and insured, handled by the General Post Office amounted to 135,163 as compared with 119,586, an increase of 15,577.

Full details appear in Table III.

4.-REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

Table IV contains a statement of Postal Revenue and Expendi- ture for the year.

The total revenue from the Postal Service in 1917 amounted to $403,869.87 being $2,127.54 more than that collected in 1916. The expenditure amounted to $259,214.83 being less than that of 1916 by $48,921.50 due to the high rate of exchange prevailing during the year under review. The balance of revenue over expenditure amounted to $144,655.04.

Table V shows the postage stamps, etc., of each denomination issued for sale during the years 1916 and 1917.

Table VI shows the revenue and expenditure of the Post Office (exclusive of the Telegraph Sub-Department) for the 10 years 1908 to 1917.

Table VII gives the revenue from the sale of Postage Stamps for the years 1915, 1916, and 1917. The increase of revenue from this source in the year 1917 over that of the year 1916 amounted to $1,598.43.

5.-MONEY ORDERS.

The anticipations of a continued expansion in postal remittances, based on the satisfactory revival in 1916, were not realised in 1917. The large decrease of £14,936 in orders drawn on India is accounted for by the restrictions imposed upon remitters by the Indian Post Office. In 1916 there was no limit to the amount which might be sent by any one remitter but in 1917 no remitter could send more than 600 rupees in any one day. At the request of India this restriction has been made more stringent and not more than 600 rupees per week can be sent by any one remitter.

The increase in inward orders has however balanced the decrease in outward orders and the year's volume of business is only £101 less than it was in 1916. ·

The continuous rise in exchange was a great hardship to Chinese in the United Kingdom and the reduced number of dollars

J

:

r

L

R 3

obtained here in exchange for sterling deterred many from remitting more of their savings than was actually required for the upkeep of their families in China. During the year 6 telegraphic money orders amounting to £195 were received from the United Kingdom and 25 amounting to £332. 3s. 4d. were despatched from Hongkong.

The average cost of a telegraphic message at the deferred rate was about $11.53.

Decreases of £1,163 and £2,267 respectively appear in the issue and payment of British Postal Orders, due in the former case to the restriction of the amount that may be paid in India and in the latter to the high rate of exchange.

The business in Local Postal Orders was about the same as in 1916.

Full details appear in Tables VIII, IX, and X.

The Money Order accounts are kept in various currencies: ster- ling, gold dollars, ven, rupees, gold francs, Singapore dollars, and Mexican dollars but for the purpose of this report all totals are given in sterling at the average rate of the dollar for the year.

6. CHINESE CORRESPONDENCE.

Chinese Delivery Section General Post Office.

During the year this Section handled 1,604,611 ordinary letters, 85,750 other articles, and 7,623 postal hong packets. The registered articles delivered amounted to 231,837 of which 144,801 were from the United States of America and Canada, and 87,036 from China and other countries, showing a decrease of 2.401 as compared with 234,238 in 1916. 2,227 insured letters were dealt with as against 1,932 in 1916.

The licences of 24 Chinese Postal Hongs were renewed. Two licences were cancelled during the year-one because the licensee absconded and the other because the licensee committed a breach of the Post Office Ordinance.

7.

TELEGRAPH SUB-DEPARTMENT.

The revenue collected in 1917 from radio-telegrams amounted to $23,311.55 being $14,616.51 more than that collected in 1916– the excess being mainly due to press messages sent to Indo-China. Advices of vessels signalled at the light-houses yielded $503.35 and semaphore messages $2.50 making a total of $23,817.40 for the telegraphic service. The expenditure amounted to $39,174 38 of which sum $17,905.71 was in respect of the emoluments of the Wireless Staff at the Cape D'Aguilar Station for the period from 15th July, 1915, to 31st December, 1916. The number of radio- telegrams forwarded during the year was 846 consisting of 106,114 words and received 1,028 consisting of 13,853 words.

Full details appear in Tables XI and XII.

Ꭱ !

8.--MISCELLANEOUS.

During the early part of the year Mr. Santa Barbara, the In- spector of Portuguese Posts, visited the Colony and a complete postal agreement between the Province of Macau and Hongkong was drawn up and signed. This agreement, which among other things, provides for the exchange of Cash on Delivery Parcels, came into force on 1st September.

In May M. Picard Destelan, the Co-Director General of Chinese Posts, deputed two officers of the Chinese Posts--Messrs. Shields and Paullain-to come to Hongkong and discuss various matters in which Hongkong and the Chinese Posts were mutually, interested. Very pleasant conferences were held and it is hoped that similar dis- cussions may take place in the future.

The Shanghai - Bombay Section of the P. & O. Contract Mail Service was suspended as from 1st July. The mails for Europe, viâ Suez, were forwarded as opportunities offered to Bombay for transmission from thence to England by P. & 0. packets.

Owing to dislocation and uncertainty of the trans-Siberian Railways and the restriction of the Suez route, the mails for Europe were to a great extent forwarded by the Pacific route either ri Canada or via the United States.

Arrangements were made during the year with the Canadian Postal Administration for the transmission of Parcels for Europe by Canadian Services. The first Parcel Mail for Liverpool by this route was despatched on 8th November by the Empress of Japan. This service, although more expensive that via Suez, is very much appreciated by the public who are using it to an increasing extent.

On the 7th August the privilege of free postage was granted to all troops in the Command.

During the period 7th August to 31st December 73,378 letters, 2,082 post cards, and 2,289 other articles were posted free.

The loss to the Postal Revenue was $3,064.18.

The Post Office Staff worked under great disadvantages. They were short-handed and the uncertainty as to the times at which mails from Europe might arrive gave them little time in which they could be certain that they might not be called up for extra duty. The Staff in my opinion deserves great praise for the way in which they have worked with cheerfulness for long hours.

S. B. C. Ross, Postmaster General.

20th April, 1918.

I

Table I.

Mails Received and Despatched during the years 1916 and 1917.

For H.M.

For Foreign

Sent in Transit

Steamers

To and From Hongkong. Ships on China Men-of-War. through Hongkong. Carrying Mails.

Station.

- R5-

Loose

Bags Boxes

Bags. Packets.

Letter

Bags.

Bags.

and

and

Arrivals. Depar-

tures.

Packets. Baskets.

Boxes.

Į

Received in 1917,

107,522

8,525

666

1,036

782

Received in 1916,

107,385

8,293

657

1,585

864

4,415

4,023

Incrcase,

Decrease,.

137

232

9

549

82

392

Despatched in 1917,

123,094

597

920

780

69,540

12,192

5,693

Despatched in 1916,

122,527

711

1,434

860

68,335 11,203

5,253

Increase,

567

1,205

989

440

Decrease,

114

514

80

Table II.

Statistics of International and Hongkong Registered Correspondence and Insured Letters for the year 1917.

Description of Correspondence.

International and Local.

Comparison with 1916.

Total 1917. Total 1916.

Despatched.

Received.

Increase.

Decrease.

1

Insured Letters,

2,136

3,806

5,942

4,156

1,786

Registered Articles,......

262,261

465,460

727,724

676,192

51,532

Registered Articles viâ Siberia,.....

15,470

16,542

32,012

55,419

23,407

Total,..

279.870.

485,808

765,678

785,767

53,318

23,407

Total Increase of 29,911 Articles.

R 6

י..

Table III.

Statistics of International and Hongkong Registered Parcels for the year 1917.

Description of Parcels.

International and Local.

Comparison with 1916.

Total 1917. Total 1916.

Despatched.

Received.

Increase.

Decrease.

Insured Parcels via Gibraltar,

Insured Parcels via Brindisi,

Insured Parcels viâ Marseilles,

Ordinary Parcels viâ Gibraltar,

· 401

1,940

2,341

4,099

4,377

9,973

14,350

20,298

1,758

5,948

Ordinary Parcels viâ Brindisi,

Ordinary Parcels viâ Marseilles,

Cash on Delivery Parcels,

91

91

America, Manila and Honolulu Parcels,

3,693

8,972

12,665

187

10,010

German Parcels by Germau Ships.

French Parcels by French Ships,

1,105

1,105

96

2,655

900

205

Indian Insured Parcels,

790

774

Australian Parcels,

2,818

977

Indian Ordinary Parcels,.

2,116

2,088

Japanese l'arcels,......

104,243

2,823

84,092

20,151

15,534

Miscellaneous Parcels,..

42.090

34,233

Parcels via Siberia,

Parcels via Canada,

368

368

368

Total,.

59,476

75,687

135,163

119,586

23,879

7,802

Total Increase of 15,577 parcels,

R 7 -

Table IV.

Revenue and Expenditure.

Post Office.

Expenditure.

1916.

1917. Increase. Decrease.

Receipts.

1916

1917.

Increase. Decreasc.

R $

Sale of Postage Stamps,

Unpaid Postage,

Box-holders' Fecs.

355,864.55 357,462.98

8.526.09 3,558.66 6,426,00 7,525.06 1,099.06

1,598.43

32.57

Carriage of Mails :--

Share of P. & O. Mail Subsidy,

100.358 24 69,135,55

31,222.69

Commission on Money Orders| and Postal Notes,..

Transit Payments,

41.016.80

33,927.69

7,089.11

11,715.17 9,302.83

2.442.34

Working Expenses,

163,713.28 155,795.83

7,917.45

Profit on Exchange on Money Order transactions, Interest on Money Order Funds,

22,205.08 24,397.91

1,893.05 1,566.82

2,192.83

Special Expenditure:---

826.23

New Sorting Tables, Private Letter Boxes,

Void Money Orders and Postal Notes,

Total Receipts,

Deficit,

Parcels Office Fittings,.

82.39 !

55.61

26.78

Purchase of Typewriter,

615,71

615.71

1.837.78

594 52

151.76

1,837.78

442.76

204.00

204.00

.$ 401,742.33 403,869,87

4,322.89 2,795.35

Total Expenditure,......$308,136,33 | 259,214.83

204.00 | 49,125.50

Total,.

$401,742.33 403,869 87

Profit,

93.606.00 | 144,655.04

Total,

401,742,33 | 403,869.87

:

R 9

Table V.

Postage Stamps, etc., issued for sale in Hongkong during the years 1916 and 1917,

Denomina- tion.

1916.

1917.

Increase + Decrease

Postage Stamps,

1

cent. 536,880

546,117 + 9,537

2

cents. 4,188,477

4,151,029

37,448

4

-

"

2,200,800 2,057,482-143,318

6

58,320

**

75,483 + 17,163

39,840

46,975+ 7,135

10

1,075,180 1,041,150

34,030

17

""

""

2 2 1 888

12

4,800

2,098

2,702

20

36,960

40,383 +

3,423

25

18,240

23,351 + 5,111

30

36,960

35,328

1,632

A

50

38,940

40,828 + 1,888

1 dollar.

15,845

">

18,790 + 2,945

2 dollars.

7,689

7,601

88

""

2,926

2,729

197

23

3,020

2,758

262

22

10

5,050

5,375 + 325

22

Books of Stamps,.

1 dollar.

4,590

4,221

369

!

Post Cards,

1 cent.

62,700

89,047 + 26,347

cents.

142 +

142

17,470

23,777 + 6,307

99

""

30

13

1,490

166

1,324

Newspaper Wrappers, ......

Postage Envelopes, ....

A

15,530

13,974

1,556

11.823

11,881 +

556

"

Registration Envelopes,.... 10

31

13,710

14,037 +

327

Table VI.

Revenue and Expenditure for the years 1908 to 1917.

Post Office.

Year.

Total Revenue.

Total

Expenditure.

Profit +

Loss

Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

Military Con- tribution.

20 per cent. on Total Revenue.

Net Profit +

Net Loss after deducting

Military Con- tribution.

C.

6.

%

(.

1908,

412,431.60

371,486.17

+ 40,945.43

90.07

82,486.32

41,540.89

1909,

444,046.58

510,729.99

66,683.41

115.01

88,809.32

155,492.73

1910,

519,066,54

470,984.35 +

48,082.19

90-74

103,813.81

55,731.12

R 10

1.

1911,

399,217.15

422,267.97

23,050.82

105.77

79,843.43

102,894.25

1912,

401,054.32

296,867.12

+ 104,187.20

74.02

80,210.86

+ 23,976.34

1913, .

439,189.37

622,587.51

183,398.14

141.76

87,837.87

271,236.01

1914, .

398,426.38

371,646.06

+

26,780.32

93.27

79,685.27

52,904.95

1915,

368,457.77

403,609.02

35,151.25

109.54

73,691.55

108.842,80

1916,

401,742.33

1917,

403,869.87

308,136.33 +

259,214.83

93,606.00

76.70

80,348.47

+ 13,257.53

+ 144,655.04

64.18

80,773.97

+ 63,881.07

:

- R 11

Table VII.

Comparative Table of Revenue from Sale of Postage Stamps

during the years 1915, 1916, and 1917.

Month.

1915.

$

1916.

1917.

January,

27,564.18

31,449.44

31,906.38

February,

21,197.50

23.783.76

28,296.65

March,

28,064.00

29,754.27

32,692.21

April,

24,475.84

26,207.25

28,944.54

May,

26,393.89

30,243.53

32,486.02

June,

24 729.65

28,955.15

29,091.75

July,

26,672.70

29,243.00

30,521.65

Angust,...

27.504.30

28,131.04

29,839.34

September,

26,269.85

30,071.83

26,595.17

October,

26,606.50

29,996.20

28,643.40

November, .....

30,251.33

35,393.72

29,974.25

December,.....

30,522.06

32,635.36

28,471,62

Total,..

$320,251,80

$355,864.55

$357,462.98

Table VIII.

Moncy Order Transactions during 1916 and 1917.

R 12

1917.

1916.

Increase.

Decrease.

Country.

Orders

issued.

Orders paid.

Orders

issued.

Orders paid.

Orders

issued.

Orders paid.

Orders

issued.

Orders paid.

£

8.

d.

£

S.

d. L

S

d.

£

8. d.

s. d.

£

$.

d.

£

8.

d.

£

s. d.

United Kingdom, Queensland,

9,340 9 9

24,303 5 0 12,198

1

1

29,951 25

2,857 11

4

5,647 17 5

108 2 5

20,214 19 8

268 7

19,355 14 1

New South Wales,

1,318 7 6

8,047 18 7

894 3 8

7,350 15 6

Victoria,

408 2

1

1,539 14 2

South Australia,-

Tasmania,

New Zealand,.

Western Australia,

Union of South Africa,

149 2

16 15 0

61 13 1

162 16 10

79 18 0

2,167 7 4

353 9 7

38

,821 18 2

1,455 13 9

424 3 10

54 12 9

110 17 4

859

697

5 7

160 5 0

282 4 0

United States of America,.

1,555 2

Canada,

276 7 4

257 19 5

1,908 10 5

3,811 19 3: 1,874 6 6 16,508 12 9 4,654 6 3

50 1 2

351 7 9

244 3 2

711 13 7

13 16 3

2,648 7 7

33 6 2

289 14. 8

149

2 1

4,993 6 2

13 14 9

739 17 2 1,181 6 11

19

8

949 6.0

1,094

8,744 17 3

60 12 1

460 17 1

278

4,042 10

Philippine Islands,..

286 13 0

2,798 2 6 227 2

2,275 04

59 11

925 0 6

7,763 15 6 611 15 10

523 2 2

1 13 3

Japan,

38,007 10 11

5,151 10 3 33,450 11

3

6,381 4 1

4,556 19

1,229 13 10

Straits Settlements,

1,658 15 6

4,385 11 3 1,039 7

3,337 19 3

619 8

1,047 12 0

Federated Malay States,

294 0 8

11,721 96 134 9

1

7,444 14 6

159 11

4 1,279 15

Carried forward,

€ 53,723 17

2109,348 12 10 50,545 19 5100,996 12 8 6,520 8

,482 19 6: 3,312 10

9,080 19 4

.*

י הילר

Table VIII,—Continued.

Money Order Transactions during 1916 and 1917,—Continuea.

R 13

1917.

1916.

Increase.

Decrease.

Country.

Orders

issued

Orders paid.

Orders

issued.

Orders paid.

Orders

issued.

Orders paid.

Orders

issued.

Orders paid.

£

S.

$.

Brought forward,

53,723 17 2

£

d. 109,348 12 10|50,545 19

d.

£

Ꭶ .

d.

British North Borneo,

84 12 6

1,605 16 5

84 1 0

Sarawak,.

41 1

7

423 9 0

3 6

£

5 100,996 12 8 1,318 19 9 776 13 7

£

s. d.

6,520 8

S.

d.

£

8.

d.

£

8.

d.

£

217,432 19

6

3,312 10 5

s. d.

9,080 19 4

11 6

286 16 8

Siam,

46 5

6

46 3

14 0 11

49 5 1

40 18 1

32 4 7

353 4 7

3 2 0

Macao,

506 15 11

249 15 6

534 2 10

495 10 9

27 6.11

245 15 3

German Post Office in China,

Shanghai,

14,740 11 8

5,945 12 6 (16,534 13 11

16,534

6,180 18 5

1,794 2 3

235 5 11

Agencies in China,

11,336 18 5

!

8,590 11 0

2,746 7 5

India,

22,677 11

9|

18,920 18 4 37,614

5

9|

16,943 | 5

1,977 16 11 14,936 14 0

Ceylon,

419 4 3

1,489 6 0:

124 2

1

1,037 16 0

295 2 2

451 10 0:

Germany,

French Indo-China,

128 15 9

Base Post Office,

889 12 1

7 15 8

42 3 10

839 3 3

11 16 7

86 11 11

50 8 10.

Total,

92,368 16 1150,263 19 10.105,493 13 3137,240 8 6 6,975 16 5 22,945 19 120,100 13 7 9,922

1

0 11

()

£242,632 15 11

£242,734

1 9

£29,921

15 9

Not Decrease,

£30,023

£101 5 10

Table IX.

British Postal Orders issued and paid at Hongkong, and at Agencies in China.

ORDERS ISSUED.

VALUES.

Amount.

R 14

d.

d.

S.

d.

1.

S.

d.

d.

S. d.

S.

d.

0

61

0

1

6

6

5

10

0

10

6

20

0

£

s. d.

Total in 1917,

683

1,969

1,402

1,711

2,606

2,691

440

7,155

9,817 11 0

Total in 1916,

1,062

3,075

2,100

2,309

3,627

3.745

562

7,280 10,980 14 6

Total in 1917,...

Total in 1916,...

:

:

:

ORDERS PAID.

No. of Notes.

Amount.

£

S.

d.

15,297

12,441

א {

11

17,073

14,708 17

2

الله

:

Table X.

·

:

Statement of Local Postal Notes issued at Hongkong and at the Agencies in China.

25 cts.

50 cts.

$1.00

VALUES.

$2.00

$3.00

$4.00

$5.00

Amount.

$10.00

Total in 1917,

426

605

507

622

693

604

1,260

2,676

39,715.00

Total in 1916,...]

419

607

446

302

615

597

1,280

2,745

39,941.25

- R 15

www.co.

Message Fees :-

Receipts.

Table XI.

Revenue and Expenditure-Telegraph Sub-Department.

1916.

1917.

*

Radio telegrams,

8,695.04

23,311.55

Semaphore telegrams,

4.25

2.50

Messages notifying vessels passing light-houses,

489.20

503.35

Total,

9,188.49

23,817.40

Expenditure.

1916.

1917.

Working Expenses :--

Personal Emoluments:

Staff, G. P. O.

5,868.00

7,229.62

Staff, (Naval), Cape D'Aguilar] Station 15th July, 1915, to 31st December, 1916,

1st January to 30th September,

17,905.71

1917,

9,659.39

Incidental Expenses, -

114.54

54.10

Stores and Repairs,

4,793.45

4,208.52

Uniforms for Messengers,

70.22

117.04

Total,

$ 10,846.21

39,174.38

R 16

i

Table XII.

Revenue and Expenditure for the years 1915 to 1917.

Telegraph Sub-Department.

Year.

Total

Revenue.

Total

Expenditure.

Profit +

Loss

1915.

15th July to 31st December,

1916.

1917.

$

C.

Percentage

of

Expenditure to Revenue.

Military Con- tribution.

20 per cent on Total Revenue.

Net Profit + Net Loss after deducting

Military Contribution,

C.

2,623.30

4,112.07

1,488.77

156.75

524.66

2,013.43

9,188.49

10,846.21

1,657.72

118.04

1,837.69

3,495 41

23,817.40

39,174.38

15,356.98

164.47

4,763.48

20,120.46

-R 17 -

Appendix S.

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY

(British Section)

ANNUAL REPORT FOR 1917.

1. During the year the passenger portion of the Kowloon Sta- tion has been somewhat improved by alterations to the Chinese Customs examination accommodation. The outward baggage barriers have been extended which expedites the work of examination while the addition of a waiting room for Customs officials, and the extension of the baggage barriers for the examination of inward passenger traffic afford further facilities.

2. A converter has now been installed for converting the local supply of current to that required for working the electric clocks, and with the new battery of accumulators completes the present installation.

3. The materials for the roofing of the passenger platforms have not been delivered owing to the war and the work is for the time being in abeyance.

4. In the Kowloon station yard, the Pooley relief road truck weighbridge has been installed and a small weighbridge office erected. Owing to the nature of the subsoil at this point it was found necessary to float the foundations on a large reinforced con- crete raft. The machine has been in service since the middle of October and is a most useful addition to the Kowloon station yard.

5. It was considered advisable during the year to build a Goods Shed for light and perishable goods, both for the protection of such goods during transhipment from train to lighter and vice versâ, and also to facilitate the customs examination of goods con- signed to or from China. This necessitated certain alterations in the layout of that portion of the yard devoted to goods traffic, and extensions of the sidings along the sea-wall. This work was carried out in conjunction with the installation of the truck weighbridge and involved raising the level of the sea-wall and various altera- tions and additions to the signalling, which however has not interfered with the use of any of the other tracks or the safety of the signal installation. The Goods Examination Shed is 400 feet long by 30 feet wide inside, with covered gantries alongside, and sliding doors at intervals of 21 feet, the length of the 15-ton goods wagon.

6. The extension to the Locomotive Yard as decided upon at present was completed early in the year. The satisfactory purchase of the last lot of land required for the purpose enabled the Carriage Running Shed to be finished, and two small Chinese houses at the north corner which are not at present in the way were converted into quarters for drivers and firemen, thus saving the renting of quarters which had previously been necessary.

$ 2

7. Stations and Buildings generally as well as Staff Quarters at Stations have been overhauled and renovated where considered necessary during the year, with the exception of two wooden station buildings at Hunghom and Lowu. These buildings are of a temporary nature and in such an unsatisfactory condition that further expense on ordinary maintenance would not be justified, and the question of rebuilding or otherwise is now being consider- ed. A concrete floor was laid in the wooden building at Sha Tau Kok Station at the terminus of the Fanling Branch Line and the old sleeper foundations replaced with concrete. Three gatekeepers lodges and two watchmens huts at the Beacon Hill Tunnel, all originally of wood, have been rebuilt in brickwork.

8. Most of the steel girder bridges were repainted towards the end of the year, and a few bridge timbers renewed. The southern abutment of Bridge No. 33 having settled about two inches, the girder bedstones were raised correspondingly during the night with- out interruption of traffic by the insertion of a composition of cement and plaster of Paris, which has proved most satisfactory.

9. At Bridge No. 10, the timber cribbing was found to have deteriorated to such an extent as to be practically useless. The Honourable Director of Public Works was consulted as to the neces- sity or otherwise of maintaining the cribbing seeing that the piers of the bridge had stood many years satisfactorily and acting on his advice the girders were reseated on fresh lead seatings and the cribbing removed.

10. Detailed surveys of possible routes for branch lines to points at Tai Kok Tsui on the western side of the peninsula and to Tai Wan Bay on the eastern side were undertaken during the year, with a view to earmarking the land necessary for such branch lines, but much still remains to be done before definite routes can be decided upon or estimates prepared, as both traverse difficult country and cross several public highways.

11. The generous assistance of the Botanical and Forestry Depart- ment has enabled the planting of 150 camphor saplings along the Railway banks. Other trees planted at different points were 50 shade trees, 50 banyans, and 80 pride of India.

12. At the end of 1916 it was decided to close the Capital Account and in future to charge all expenses other than revenue to the head of Special Expenditure. The amount included in the estimates for this purpose was $159,896 and during the year at various times other sums were voted making a total of $273,069.68. Of this however only $101,460.48 was actually expended and the details are shown in the table of expenditure herein.

13. Owing to the non-arrival of the Steelwork for the Platform Awnings and the Grinding Machine $64,248.18 lapsed, and a sum of $75,000 included in the estimates for the resumption of land for the Extension of Engine Shed and Loco Yard was not required.

In April $97,864.89 was voted for the erection of a Goods Examination Shed but as the building was not finished at the end of the year only $63,707.23 was expended and the amount needed to complete the building will appear in the 1918 accounts.

1

1

!

}

S 3

14. The Special Expenditure has been added in a summary to the Capital Account which now stands at $14.812.877.77 Main Line and Fanling Branch $89,808.57.

15. The Revenue Statements of Earnings and Expenditure follow the line previously adopted. The actual expenditure amounted to $337,431.48 against an estimate of $366,405 showing a saving of $28,973.52.

The saving under the head of Personal Emoluments amounted to $15,575.92 partly due to two members of the Staff serving with His Majesty's Forces, the transfer of the Inspector of Station Accounts to the Colonial Secretary's Office and other Staff changes, also to a smaller extent to a higher rate of exchange prevailing than was anticipated when the estimates were framed.

The savings under the various sub-heads of Other Charges amounted to $13,397.60. The cost of Running Stores supplied to Engines was $2,800 below the estimate owing to economies effected in the use of Oil and other Stores, and $2,800 was not required un- der sub-head Commission on Goods. The maintenance cost of Telephones was $1,000 less than was estimated and Traffic Stores $800 and smaller amounts under other sub-heads.

16. In spite of the increased cost of Running Stores and Materials the percentage of expenditure to gross receipts shows a decrease from 8102 to 78·79.

17. The Local Passenger Traffic has remained steady the receipts being $119,397.09 or $470.17 less than the previous year, while the Local Goods Traffic has increased from $7,706.81 to $9,985.88 and the Sundry Receipts amounted to $4,096.52 more than in 1916 which is due to the inclusion of rents collected in respect of reclaimed land let at Hunghom and to wharfage fees.

18 Through and Joint Sectional Coaching Traffic Receipts show a marked increase of $41,763.98. This improvement is due to a great extent to the increase in certain Joint Sectional fares from May 1st and also to a greater number of passengers travelling than in 1916.

19. The condition of the Goods Traffic has improved, the receipts being $33,770.69 as against $18,107.50 for the previous

year.

20. The Gross Receipts for the year were $428,246.46 as against $366,215.67 for 1916, an increase of $62,030.79. The balance after paying working expenses stands at $90,814.98 or $21,290.94 more than the previous year.

21. The results of the past 6 years are as follows:

Gross Receipts.

Working Expenses.

1912

$241,649.02

$207,350.78

Net Earnings. $34,298.24

1913

333,633.32

245,808.58

87,824.74

1914

364,608.32

274,366.39

90,241.93

1915

343.769.08

297,265.97

46,503.11

1916

366,215.67

296,691.63

69,524.04

1917

428,246,46

337,431.48

90,814.98

S 4

22. The Through and Joint Sectional Passengers carried were as follows:-

Passengers booked by Stations in British Territory to Sta-

1915.

tions in China,......271,382

Passengers booked by Stations in China to

Stations in British Territory,

.326,839

1916.

1917.

307,810 309,394

344,220 352,008

23. The final division of through and joint sectional traffic receipts has been agreed between the two Administrations to the end of 1916.

24. During the year heavy repairs have been carried out to Main Line Locomotives Nos. 4, 9, 7, 8, 6, and 1 and 2 Branch Line, and light repairs to Main Line Nos. 1, 2, 3, 5, and 10, and Nos. 1, 4, 9, 7, 10, and 8, and 1 and 2 Branch Line Locomotives have been painted.

25. Heavy repairs have been effected to the following Main Line Coaching Stock: Nos. 8, 6, 13, 5, 27, 12, 11, 22, 21, 20, 10, 24, 14, 16, and to the Fanling Branch Line Coaches 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. No. 6 Main Line Coach was converted into a third class with seating accommodation for 100. Light repairs were carried out to 14 Carri- ages and the same number were scraped outside and varnished with Ningpo varnish the interiors being painted, varnished and polished. The Ningpo varnish for the outside of Carriages has proved both satisfactory and economical and it is hoped to be able to reduce the expenditure under this head in future years.

26. One new first and second compo coach was completed and placed in service in February.

27. Heavy repairs were effected to 6 wagons, and 8 wagons were fitted with new steel roofs. The bodies of 11 Main Line and 3 Branch Line wagons were painted and light repairs effected to 42 other wagons.

28. In the Workshops the following works have been carried

out:-

One Smithy fan rebuilt.

""

Roots blower repaired.

new moulding machine built out of scrap.

,, 3-ton and one 1-ton swing crane built.

71

-19

furnace for making patent metal built.

new pump for workshop pits built.

new straightening block.

29. Special clips have been fitted to the gangway gates of 28 coaches which will prevent damage to handrails and end platforms in the event of couplings breaking or a train becoming accidentally divided. Safety links have also been fitted to the coupling of a similar number of coaches.

-

30. There was one serious accident during the year when during the night of March 28th two wagons became detached from a ballast train and collided with an engine and wagons causing the death of 2 men and injuries to 11. Two Chinese trespassing on the line were killed and one injured and one Railway employee was injured when attempting to rejoin a train which was in motion.

31. On November 18th fighting took place among the Chinese troops stationed at Sheklung and they refused to allow the trains to proceed and forced the Permanent Way Inspector to break the track at Mile 374. Traffic, however, was resumed on the following day.

Staff.

32. At the beginning of the year Mr. W. G. FitzGibbon, Inspector of Station Accounts, was transferred to the Colonial Secretary's Office.

33. On April 1st Traffic Inspector Aslett was transferred to the Sanitary Department and Head Guard F. Winyard was promoted to Traffic Inspector and Mr. C. J. Roe was appointed Station Inspector at Kowloon.

6th April, 1918.

H. P. WINSLOW. Manager.

:

:

W

$ 6

A

CONSTRUCTION ACCOUNT-MAIN LINE.

Table of Expenditure and Statement of Credits for the year 1917.

Main-Head.

Sub-Head.

Expenditure to 31st December,

1916.

$

C.

I. Preliminary

Expenditure,. Survey,

42,277.65

II. Land,......... Land,.

2,326,740.13

III. Formation,... (a) Earthwork,

2,710,115.50

(b) Tunnels,

3,819,756.18

(e) Roads,

130,857.96

IV. Bridges,..............

(a) Major,

829,047.22

(b) Minor,

359,491.49

(c) Culverts,

71,567.78

V.-Fencing,

(a) Boundaries,

(b) Signs,

48,232.06

727.31

VI.-Telegraph, ... Telegraph...

41,221.11

VII.-Track,

(a) Ballast....

178,828.79

(6) Permanent Way,

828,243.66

VIII. Stations and

Buildings,

(a) Buildings and Fixtures, ...

658,226.34

(b) Station Machinery,

90,953.02

(c) Furniture,....

21,392.30

(d) Workshops,

89,899.74

IX.-Plant,...................

(a) Construction,

143,518.90

(b) Loco Tools and Plant,

68,775,91

(c) C. & W. Tools & Plant,.......

25.00

(d) Engineering,..

10.00

(e) Loco Rolling Stock,

418,907.71

(f) C. & W. Rolling Stock,

634,843.97

X.-General

Charges,

(a) 1. Salaries & Allowances,..

443,874.39

2. Quarters & Offices,

113,457.39

3. Instruments,.

10,339.91

4. Office Expenses,

35,402.16

5. Medical,

23,071.90

6. Home Charges,.

134,978.80

7. Interest,

701,705.62

8. Exchange,

306,794.96

(b) Accounts,

41,222.35

Total,....

$14,710,917.29

N.B. Figures printed in italics are minus quantities.

- S7 -

Special Expenditure for the

year

1917.

* One 1st and 2nd Class Composite Carriage,

***

Heating Apparatus for Stores,

Cylinder for Loco No. 1,

Grinding Machine,

Tools for Pneumatic Plant, Boundaries,

Platform Awuings,

Loco and Carriage Shed,

Earthwork,

Land,

Station Machinery,

**

Goods Examination Shed,

* Land, Survey,

Pipe Line at Taipo,

* Additional Accommodation for Customs Examination

at Kowloon,.

Storm Damage :-

Station Buildings,

* Quarters,

* Fencing,

*

Coaching Stock,

C.

4,673.79

975.00

955.53

636.44

163.88

37.82

14,497.25

1,992.45

26.85

4,740.37

63,707.23

6,105.32

989.86

348.51

891.47

489.99

228.72

$101,460.48

Total,

* Items voted subsequent to the preparation of the 1917 Estimates.

Summary.

Construction Expenditure up to the 31st December,

1916,

Special Expenditure during the year 1917,

Total,.......

$14,710,917.29

101,460,48

$14,812,377.77

P

:

II.—Land,

I.

Main-Hend.

CONSTRUCTION ACCOUNT-FANLING BRANCH.

Table of Expenditure for the year 1917.

II.

Sub-Head.

III. IV. Expenditure to Expenditure 31st December, during 1917. 1916.

V.

Expenditure to end of 1917.

Land,

2,389.45

(a) Ballast,

11.05

VII.--Track,

(b) Permanent Way,

46,651.14

VIII-Station and Buildings,.

(a) Station Buildings,

3,447.08

(e) Locomotive,

15,237.89

IX.-Plant,.

(f) Carriages,

X.-General Charges,

(a) 1. Salaries,

21,762.36

309.60

Total of Fanling Branch Line Construction,

$89,808.57

€€

:

:

:

:

G.

C.

2,389.45

11.05

46,651.14

3,447.08

15,237.89

21,762.36

309.60

$89,808.57

$ 8

W

UNALLOCATED STORES.

Amount.

Amount.

C.

c.

To Stock in hand on 1st January, 1917,

145,204.42

By Goods issued to Works,

168,183.91

77

Goods received from Crown Agents during 1917,

"}

Goods sold (Book Value exclusive of profit),.......

7,015.83

3,351.10

""

,, Goods purchased locally,

181,438.57

Balance of Stock on 31st December, 1917, carried forward to 1918,

154,794.35

$329,994.09

$329,994.09

$ 9

Amount

1916.

Per cent. on

Gross Receipts.

Revenue Account for the Year ending 31st December, 1917.

Expenditure.

Amount

1917.

Per cent, on

Gross Receipts

Amount

1916.

Earnings.

Amount

1917.

Total.

"A

C.

%

Main Line.

c.

35,834.51

9.78

To Maintenance of Way Works,

and

C.

Local.

|119,867.26 | By Coaching Traffic,.

44,553.81 10.40

7,706.81

155,316.76 | 42.41

""

Loco, Carriage and Wagon

14,225.34

"}

Goods

Sundry

11

C.

119,397.09

9,985.88

18,321.86

Expenses,

187,971.16 43.89

52,581.25 | 14.36 Traffic Expenses,

""

42,336.03 11.56 94.00 *03

General Charges,

"}

"

Miscellaneous Expenditure,

54,144.44 12.64 [141,799.41 39,858,76 9.31 64.20 .01

192,858.29 By Coaching Traffic,.

Branch Line.

2,695.28

6,178.74

.74 To Maintenance of Way and

Works,

1.69

>>

Loco, Carriage and Wagon Expenses,

1,655.06 .45 Traffic Expenses,

>>

"

General Charges,.

Miscellaneous Expenditure,

35

18,407.50

>>

2,175.25

23

Goods

Sundry

""

>>

2,809.98

.66 213,441.04

6,414.12 1.50 1,615.01 .38 10,327.57

337,431.48 78.79| 10,975,22

147,704.83

Foreign.

234,622.27

33,770.69

2,489.25

270,882.21

Branch Line.

By Coaching Traffic,.

647.65

Goods

""

17

Sundry

8,809.72

849.70

9,659.42

296,691.6381,02

69,524.04 | 18.98

"}

Balance (Net Earnings),

90,814.98 21.21

$366,215.67 100.00

$428,246.46,100.00 [366,215.67

J. MORRIS,

Chief Accountant.

Kowloon, April 6th, 1918.

428,246.46

H. P. WINSLOW,

Manager.

- $ 10-

7

1

- S 11

Statement of Rolling Stock for the year ending 31st December, 1917.

Tender

or

Tank.

Side Tank

Saddle Tank

DESCRIPTION.

1

LOCOMOTIVE.

Pressure

Tractive

Type.

No. Cylinder.

per sq. in.

Force.

Total Weight in Working Order.

Total Stock at

end of previous year.

Additions during the year.

Reductions during

the year.

Total Stock at end

of the year.

lbs.

Tons, cut.

Kitson 2: 6:4:

+ 83" Gauge.

819" x 26"

180

24,724 89 15

cc

0

Hudswell

Clarke

0:6:0:

2 14" x 20"

150

10,604

29

0 0

2

4' 8" Gauge.

Hudswell

!

Clarke

Side Tank

0:4:0:

2

6" X 10"

150

1,800

انت

N

0

2

2′0′′

Gauge.

Orenstien

Centre Tank

Koppel

0:4:0:

194" x 11"

150

4,338

10 0

1

2′0′′ Gauge.

Loco Crane

Wilson &

Co.

0:4:0:

4' 8" Gauge 5-Ton Lift.

Total,

1

8" x 10"

14

889

80

:

:

15 0

1

14

0

0

11

J

S 12 =

Statement of Rolling Stock for the year ending 31st December, 1917.

DESCRIPTION.

COACHING VEHICLES.

4' 8" Gauge.

Length of Underframes

Quantity.

in feet.

Tarc.

1

2

3

Total Stock at end of previous year.

Carrying

Capacity:

Passengers.

Additions during the year.

Reductions during the year.

Total Stock at end of the year.

First Class Saloon Coach

First Class Dining Car .. First Class Carriage

Second Class Carriage

First and Second Composite Carriage.

*First and Second Composite and

Buffet Carriage

Third Class Carriage

Third Luggage and Brake

+Kitchen Luggage and Brake

Tons.

1 60 11", 36

2 60′ 11′′ 36

1 60 11"

50

2 60 11 34 84 460' 11"

0 80' 11" 35

14 60' 11" 32

4 60' 11" 35 060′ 11′′ 35

68

GLATE = 20:

60

84

Total...

28

Coaching Vehicles 2′ 0′′ Gauge,

8 Wheeled Bogie First Class Carriage..

23

Third

Tons.

1 24′ 0′′ 3.5.0

& Brake.. Carriage.. & Brake Van

124 0 3.5.0

3 24' 0"; 3.5.0

1 24 0 3.5.0 16

0000000

16

8

28

""

""

""

"

وو

Total......

6

* Converted into III Class.

† Converted into III Class and Brake.

6

ر سرين سمر

1212→→

-NIN SO

14

4

0

3331

27

23

NONE

3

2

28

NONE

Co

6

1

1

3

1

=

- S 13

Statement of Rolling Stock for the year ending 31st December, 1917.

DESCRIPTION.

GOODS VEHICLES.

4' 8" Gauge.

30-Ton Covered Goods 30-Ton Rail Bogie 30-Ton Open Goods

15-Ton Covered Goods 15-Ton Cattle Trucks *15-Ton Open Goods

15-Ton Goods Brake Van Breakdown Van ...

No.

42542DNE

Length of Underframes

in feet.

Tare.

Tons. cwt.

1

ลง

3

H

Carrying

Capacity

(Tons).

Total Stock at end of previous year.

Additions during the year.

Roductions during the year.

Total Stock at end of the year.

19

19

19

19

35

134807D5

8 10

8 10

7 16

: 55500000

30

888558

30

30

30

15

24

15

15

10

15

+NG+NON

2

2

1

424#20QT

Goods Vehicles 2' 0" Gauge.

Steel Sided Goods Wagon...

3

9' 0"

12 60 cub. ft.

3

3

Total..

52

53

1

52

* One 15-Ton Open Goods Wagon was damaged beyond repair in the Accident at Shatin on March 28th and was condemned.

:

t

S 14

STATEMENT OF TRAIN MILEAGE.

Main Line.

Year ending 31st December, 1916.

PARTICULARS.

Year ending 31st December, 1917.

Miles.

Miles.

128,532

Passengers Train Miles,

117,180

Goods

4.841

5,229

Ballast

1,390

22

Special

2,915

"

32,850

Shunting at 6 miles per hour,

33,298

Light Engine for Traffic

purposes...

5,944

45

Light Eugines for Loco

purposes,..

90

69,151

Standing in Steam at 6 miles

per hour,...

64,791

235,807

Total Engine Miles,

230,449

Fanling Branch.

Year ending 31st

December, 1916.

PARTICULARS,

Year ending 31st December, 1917.

Miles.

Miles.

18,510

Passenger Train Miles,

16,387

9,460

*Shunting,Standing in Steam,etc.,

8,499

27,970

Total Engine Miles,.......

* Speed reduced from 6 to 4 miles per hour during 1917,

24,886

4

2

</