Administrative Reports - 1916

ADMINISTRATIVE REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1916

Table of Contents

1 Finances

2 Trade and Shipping, industries, Fisheries, agriculture and Land

3 Legislation

4 Education

5 Public Works

6 Government and aided institutions

7 Institutions Not Supported By Government

8 Criminal and Police

9 Vital Statistics

10 Postal and Telegraph Services

11 General Observations

A Financial Returns

A(1) Finances

B Assessment

C Secretariat for Chinese affairs

D Harbour office

E Imports and Exports office

F Royal Observatory

G Supreme Court

H Police Magistrates' Court

I Land office

J New Territories

K Police and Fire Brigade

L Prison

M Medical and Sanitary

N Botanical and forestry

O Education

P Volunteer Corps (Not Published)

Q Public Works

R Post office

S Railway

 




HONGKONG.

REPORT ON THE BLUE BOOK FOR 1916.

I. FINANCES.

The revenue for the year amounted to $13,833,387 being $2,424,377 more than the estimate and $2,047,280 more than the re- venue for the previous year.

Compared with the returns for 1915 there were increases under every head with the exception of Light Dues.

The expenditure amounted to a total of $11,079,915, inclusive of a sum of $1,246,871 spent on Public Works Extraordinary.

The detailed figures for 1916 are set out in the following

statements:-

HEADS OF REVENUE.

$

Light Dues -

Light Dues, Special Assessment

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise

specified

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific

purposes, and Reimbursements in Aid

Post Office

Kowloon-Canton Railway

75,031.83 87,445.72

- 10,564,180.38

864,964.26

410,930.82

366,215.67

Rent of Government Property, Land and

Houses

966,666.62

Interest

1,091.61

Miscellaneous Receipts

147,288.32

TOTAL, (Ordinary),-

13,483,815.23

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

349,571.63

TOTAL,

$13,833,386.86

The total expenditure brought to account though not incurred solely on account of the year under review amounted to $11,079,915 being $802,859 less than the estimate, and $4,069,353 less than the expenditure in 1915. Compared with the estimates there were decreases under 21 heads as against 4 heads where there were increases. The excess, amounting to $205,205, under Miscellaneous Services, was due to expenditure on account of the war including the cost of the transport of prisoners of war to Australia. Military Expenditure was larger than the estimate by $72,375. The Harbour Department spent $41,595 extra, chiefly on special expenditure for

-

2

acquisition of buoys in the Harbour. Decreases were mostly due to savings on Personal Emoluments and high exchange.

EXPENDITURE.

$

Governor

83,708.01

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legis-

lature

73,638.42

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

54,966.19

Audit Department

30,722.02

Harbour Master's Department

Treasury

Imports & Exports Department

Royal Observatory

Miscellaneous Services-

Judicial and Legal Departments

65,360.69

363,062.94

753.228.85

21,977.78

1,318,494.52

253,457.27

Police and Prison Departments

Medical Departments

Sanitary Department

869,859.05

224,653.30

351,967.14

Education

Military Expenditure

-

Botanical and Forestry Department

Public Works Department

47,325.89

321,101.68

2,174,833.82

401,205.44

Do.

Do.

Post Office

Recurrent

Extraordinary

624,872.51

1,246,871.75

--

318,982.54

Kowloon-Canton Railway, Working Expenses

Do.,

struction

Charge on account of Public Debt

Pensions

296,691.63

Expenses of Con-

198,718.49

640,069.15

309,271.62

Charitable Services

TOTAL,

34,874.12

$ 11,079,914.82

The balance to the good on the year's working was $2,753,472, and the assets and liabilities account showed on the 31st December a credit balance of $2,300,785.

The following is a statement of the revenue and expenditure of the Colony for the five years 1912-1916-

Expenditure.

1912

1913

1914

1915

1916

Revenue.

$

$

8,180,694

7,202,553

8,512,308

8,658,012

11,007,273

10,756,225

11,786,106

- .13,833,387

15,149,267 11,079,915.

The amount of the consolidated loan stands at £1,485,732. Against this there is at credit of the Sinking Fund a sum of £233,784.

A duty on Tobacco was imposed during the year, estimated to bring in about $400,000 per annum. The actual figure collected for about a half-year was $211,180.

3

For the year commencing 1st July, 1916, the existing valuation was adopted, the difference in rateable value being the result of interim-assessments and appeals.

Increases.

The Hill District, $915 or 0.28%.

Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, and Quarry Bay, $4,615 or 1'20%. Hongkong Villages, $32,206 or 1861%.

Yaumati, $20,330 or 6.15%.

Mongkoktsui, $415 or 0·19%.

Kowloon Point, $11,050 or 1.81%. New Kowloon, $1,990 or 1·91%. Kowloon Villages, $3,190 or 3·51%.

Decreases:

The City of Victoria, $77,570 or 0.65%. Hung Hom and Hok Un, $2,240 or 071%.

The rateable value of the whole Colony amounted to $14,282,186 being a decrease of $5,099 or 0.03%.

There were 187 appeals against the adopted assessments of 919 tenements, and reductions aggregating $197,220 in rateable value were made by order of the Court.

For the period 1907-1916 the assessment of the whole Colony has risen from $10,716,173 to $14,282,186, an increase in value of 33.27%.

The circulation on the 31st December of notes of the three Banks having authorised issues was as follows:-

Hongkong & Shanghai Bank,

Chartered Bank of India, Australia, & China, Mercantile Bank of India,

$25,025,355

7,765,117

950,577

$33,741,049

The currency of the Colony consists, in addition to the notes of these Banks, of British, Hongkong, and Mexican Dollars and of subsidiary coin.

The rate of discount on Hongkong subsidiary coin disappeared during 1916. It ranged from 10% to par at the end of the year.

year

Bank notes also were at par value at the close of the year. The total issue of subsidiary coins, less those demonetized, now amounts to $21,264,370 nominal value, and they were up to the 1905 readily absorbed at par, large quantities being taken by the neighbouring provinces of China. During 1916 ten cent pieces of the face value of $5,028,000 were shipped to England for purposes of demonetization. The discount which has prevailed since 1905 may be attributed to the immense quantity of similar coin which has latterly been minted at Canton as well as to the amount of Hongkong coin minted largely in excess of the needs of the Colony by itself. In 1905 the Hongkong Government ceased to issue any subsidiary coin and in 1906 it began a policy of demonetising all its subsidary coin received as revenue. This policy has been continuous- ly followed since except during a brief period in 1911. Coin to the

face value of $22,735,459 has thus been redeemed. The total issue by the Hongkong Government was of the face value of about $44,000,000.

II-TRADE AND SHIPPING, INDUSTRIES, FISHERIES, AGRICULTURE, AND LAND.

(a.)-SHIPPING AND TRADE.

The total of the Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1916 amounted to 642,794 vessels of 36,381,457 tons, which, compared with the figures for 1915, shows an increase of 111,192 vessels, with an increase of 2,496,538 tons.

Of the above, 48,350 vessels of 22,308,311 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade, as compared with 50,148 vessels of 22,515,023 tons in 1915, and were distributed as follows:-

1915. Numbers.

1916.

1915.

Numbers.

Tonnage.

1916. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going ships, 7.9%

7.7%

32.7%

30.8 %

Foreign Ocean-

going ships,

7:3

7.8

31.1

30.7

British River

Steamers,

13:3

14.6

17.8

18.5

Foreign River

Steamers,

3.8

4.7

4.1

4.7

Steam Launches

(under

60

tous),

13.7

13.3

1.1

10

Trading Junks, 54′0

51.9

132

14.3

100'0

100.0

100.0

100·0

N.B. The movements of Fishing Junks are not included in the above figures.

Of vessels of European construction, 3,760 Ocean Steamers, 1 Sailing Ship, 4,669 River Steamers, and 3,206 Steam Launches entered during the year, giving a daily average entry of 319 ships, as compared with 316 in 1915, and 32:4 in 1914.

The average tonnage of individual Ocean Vessels entering the Port has decreased from 2,519.9 tons to 2,238'9 tons. That of British Ships has decreased from 2,625 tons to 2,5597 tons, while that of Foreign Ships has also decreased from 2,4412 tons to 2,032.2 tons.

During the past 20 years the average tonnage of Ocean-going Vessels has increased from 1,319 tons to 1,826 tons.

The average tonnage of River Steamers entering during the year has decreased from 486'9 tons to 453 tons.

That of British River Steamers has decreased from 519 3 tons to 511 2 tons, and that of Foreign River Steamers has decreased from 4144 tons to 364 tons.

face value of $22,735,459 has thus been redeemed. The total issue by the Hongkong Government was of the face value of about $44,000,000.

II-TRADE AND SHIPPING, INDUSTRIES, FISHERIES, AGRICULTURE, AND LAND.

(a.)-SHIPPING AND TRADE.

The total of the Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1916 amounted to 642,794 vessels of 36,381,457 tons, which, compared with the figures for 1915, shows an increase of 111,192 vessels, with an increase of 2,496,538 tons.

Of the above, 48,350 vessels of 22,308,311 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade, as compared with 50,148 vessels of 22,515,023 tons in 1915, and were distributed as follows:-

1915. Numbers.

1916.

1915.

Numbers.

Tonnage.

1916. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going ships, 7.9%

7.7%

32.7%

30.8 %

Foreign Ocean-

going ships,

7:3

7.8

31.1

30.7

British River

Steamers,

13:3

14.6

17.8

18.5

Foreign River

Steamers,

3.8

4.7

4.1

4.7

Steam Launches

(under

60

tous),

13.7

13.3

1.1

10

Trading Junks, 54′0

51.9

132

14.3

100'0

100.0

100.0

100·0

N.B. The movements of Fishing Junks are not included in the above figures.

Of vessels of European construction, 3,760 Ocean Steamers, 1 Sailing Ship, 4,669 River Steamers, and 3,206 Steam Launches entered during the year, giving a daily average entry of 319 ships, as compared with 316 in 1915, and 32:4 in 1914.

The average tonnage of individual Ocean Vessels entering the Port has decreased from 2,519.9 tons to 2,238'9 tons. That of British Ships has decreased from 2,625 tons to 2,5597 tons, while that of Foreign Ships has also decreased from 2,4412 tons to 2,032.2 tons.

During the past 20 years the average tonnage of Ocean-going Vessels has increased from 1,319 tons to 1,826 tons.

The average tonnage of River Steamers entering during the year has decreased from 486'9 tons to 453 tons.

That of British River Steamers has decreased from 519 3 tons to 511 2 tons, and that of Foreign River Steamers has decreased from 4144 tons to 364 tons.

:

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5

A comparison between the years 1915 and 1916 is given in

the following table:-

1915.

1916.

Increase.

Decrease.

Class of Vessels.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

Reg.

Reg.

No.

No.

Tonnage. Tonnage.

British Ocean- Į

3,988

7,358,586 3,721

going,

Foreign Ocean-

going,

6.868,743

3,673 7,023,222 3,797 6,859,349

267 489,834

124

163,873

British River

Steamers,

6,676

Foreign River

Steamers,

1,892

4,022,853 7,047 | 4,127,051

928,147 2,288 1,039,197

371 104,198

396 111,050

Steamships

under60 tons

(Foreign

6,822 228,510

6,450 212,350

372

16,160

Trade),

Junks, Foreign

Trade,

27,097 2,953,705 25,047 3,201,621

247,916 2,050

Total, Foreign (

Trade,

60,148 | 22,515,023 48,350 22,308,311

391| 463,164 2,689 | 669,867

Steam Laun-

ches plying

in Waters of

|446,938 | 10,022,806 |558,988 | 12,632,776 | 112,050 2,609,970,

Colony,

Junks, Local

Trade,

*34,5161,347,090 †35,456 †1,440,370

940

93,280

Grand Total,... 531,602 33,884,919 | 642,790 36,381,457 | 113,881 3,166,414 2,689 669,867

Net,... 111,192 2,496,538

* Including, 10,082 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 503,932 tons.

+

19

10,066.

""

"

of 505,660

:)

This table shows a decrease in British Ocean-going Shipping of 267 ships, or 74 per cent, and a decrease of 489,834 tons, or 7·1 per cent.

This is due to several of the Coasting Steamers having been chartered by the Government, and the withdrawal of the P. & O. Intermediate Steamers.

British River Steamers have increased by 371 ships and 104,198 tons, or 52 per cent in numbers and 2.5 in tonnage, which is due to the fact that two steamers were added to the West River Trade.

This

Foreign Ocean-going Vessels have increased by 124 ships of 3·3 per cent, but have decreased by 163,873 tons or 24 per cent. is explained by the increase in Japanese and Chinese ships of smaller tonnage.

Foreign River Steamers shew an increase of 396 ships and 111,050 tons, or 173 per cent in numbers and 17 per cent in tonnage. This is due to several steamers which were previously on the Canton-West River trade having been placed on the Hongkong- West River trade carrying rice from July to December.

In Steamships not exceeding 60 tons, employed in Foreign Trade, a decrease of 372 ships and 16,160 tons, or 57 per cent in numbers and 7'6 per cent in tonnage is shewn. The decrease is most noticeable in launches trading to Macao, and may be put down to one of the launches being replaced by a vessel of over 60 tons.

Junks in Foreign Trade shew a large decrease of 2,050 junks or 82 per cent, but an increase of 247,916 tons or 77 per cent. The decrease appears during the months of July, August, and September, in which months there was considerable unrest in the Canton delta.

In Local Trade, increases are shewn in both Steam Launches and Junks.

Steam Launches shew an increase of 112,050 ships and 2,609,970 tons, or 20 per cent in numbers and 2016 per cent in tonnage which is explained by an increase in number of launches plying in the harbour and more trips having been made.

Junks shew an increase of 940 vessels and 93,280 tons or 26 per cent in numbers and 6'4 per cent in tonnage. This can only be ascribed to the better control of native craft, they having to re- port themselves at this office in order to obtain a permit to pass outward through the Examination Service.

The actual number of individual Ocean-going Vessels of European construction during 1916 was 717 of which 281 were British and 436 were Foreign. In 1915 the corresponding figures were 724, 310 British and 414 Foreign.

These 717 ships measured 1,605,248 tons. They entered 3,761 times and gave a collective tonnage of 6,855,164 tons. Thus 7 fewer ships entered 63 fewer times, and gave a collective tonnage reduced by 326,535 tons, an average of 5,183-2 tons per entry.

1

Thus:-

Steamers.

No. of Times entered.

Total Tonnage.

Flag.

1915. 1916. | 1915. | 1916.

1915. 1916.

Steamers,

308

281 1,989 1,858

3,669,800 3,424,457

British

Sailing Ships.

2

2

5,419

Steamers,

264

271

972

987

2,253,086 2,104,307

Japanese Sailing Ships,

2

1

2

1

Norwegian,

28

33

199

164

328 199,341 168,156

75

Chinese,

38

45

236

305 271,183

306,793

Danish,

4

6

4

18,634

13,440

Dutch,

24

132

135

293,002

359,713

French,

19

164

134

230,242 269,437

Portuguese,

5

59

101

34,547

48,151

Russian,

15

16

16,571

16,642

Siamese,

810

Swedish,

6

5

9

8

20,342 24,582

U.S.A. Steamers,

15

24

39

47

169,204 118,601

Total,.

724

717 3,824 3,761 7,181,699 6,855,164

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7

The 281 British ships carried 2,519 British officers and 56 Foreign officers, the latter consisting of 19 Norwegians, 13 Americans. 11 Danes, 5 Swedes, 4 Japanese, 2 Dutch, and 2 Belgian.

Thus the proportion of Foreign officers in British ships was 2.21 per cent, comprising 7 nationalities, an increase of 131 per cent with a decrease in number of officers and of ships.

The 436 Foreign ships carried 3,252 officers, of whom 69 were British as follows:-

In Chinese ships

>>

United States ships

""

Japanese ships-

Russian ships

1915.

1916.

55

49

15

7

4

1

66

69

Thus, 2:12 per cent of the officers serving in Foreign ships. were of British nationality, with an increase in number of officers and of ships.

The nationality of the crews in British and in Foreign ships was as follows:

=་

AMERICANS

VESSELS.

BRITISH CREW.

AND

ASIATICS.

EUROPEANS.

1915. 1916. 1915. 1916.

1915. 1916. 1915. 1916.

British,. 310 281 20,253 16,902 901 533 128,160 126,283

436 1,155 1,078 10,791 10,640 114,516 110,982

Foreign,. 414

Total,

724 717 21,408 17,980 11,692 11,173 242,676 237,265

Hence in British ships:-

And in Foreign ships:

1915. 1916.

1915. 1916.

13:57 %

11.76 % of the crews were British.

0.91 %

0.88 % of the crews

were British.

0.60%

0.37% of the crews

8.53 %

were other Europeans.

8.67 % of the crews were other Europeans.

85.83 %

87-87 % of the crews were Asiatics.

90.56 %

90.45 % of the crews

were Asiatics.

TRADE.

As pointed out in previous years the figures which are given are meagre, and of little value, being derived from reports of ship masters which are given in round figures and several items of cargo are only entered under the heading "General":

In a few cases, I can however give more accurate figures and these are:

1915.

IMPORTS.

These shew a decrease of 26,946 tons compared with the year

Increases are shewn under the heading--Coal, Cotton Yarn and Wool, Hemp, Kerosene Oil in cases, Rattan, Rice, Sandalwood, and Sugar, while decreases are shewn in Beans, Flour, Kerosene Oil in bulk, Liquid Fuel, Timber, and General.

Beans. A decrease of 10,812 tons is shown, due to Japanese competition close proximity to Tientsin and Dalny with direct steamship lines and lower freight rates than Hongkong can procure.

The trade with America in this Northern product together with that of Peanuts has gone over almost entirely to the Japanese, and what promised to be a large and lucrative business to Hongkong has been lost.

Coal. There is an increase of 62,811 tons over the last year which is due to local and Canton manufacturing concerns laying in stocks as protective measure against advancing prices due to short- age of tonnage. A large part of the surplus coal is from Formosa and Yaeyama.

Cotton Yarn and Cotton.~Once again there is a decrease of 2,274 tons, due to most of the cargo being transhipment cargo.

Flour. The decrease of 14,675 tons is due to Chinese flour competition and high prices ruling for American and Canadian pro- duct, also shortage of tonnage and high freight.

Kerosene Oil.-There is a decrease of 37,593 tons shewn in Bulk Oil, which is due to falling off in demand on account of high price brought about by general war conditions, and what would appear to be an increase in Case Oil is really not so, as the demand has also fallen off as in Bulk Oil. Large stocks of Case Oil are carried over to the present year, and if conditions become worse, this apparent increase will be wiped out.

Liquid Fuel.-A decrease of 2,943 tons due to the scarcity of tank steamers.

Rice. The increase of 71,144 tons is due to great demand from North and Central American market principally, which was formerly supplied by the European market when freights were low.

Timber--A decrease of 31,477 tons chiefly accounted for by the stoppage of supplies of Oregon Pine through high rates of freight, Philippine Hardwood being used instead.

2

9

Opium. The clearances of certified opium from the Colony during the past year were much reduced. After the first two months of the year the disturbances that took place in the Kwong Tung Province appear to have prevented the carrying out of the Agreement which the Opium Combine entered into on October 1st, 1915. The actual imports and exports of certified opium during the year are as follows:-

Import,. Export,......

Malwa.

Chests.

111

Patna.

Benares.

Total.

Chests.

Chests.

31

4

35

72

80

263

Of these however the imports all came from Shanghai, and of the total export of 263 chests 180 went to Shanghai. Very little was therefore done to reduce the actual stock of uncertified Indian opium held in Hongkong and Shanghai.

Six hundred and forty-one (641) chests of Persian opium were imported during the year and 734 chests were exported, of which 29 chests were exported to London and the remainder to Formosa.

One thousand and thirty (1,030) chests of uncertified Indian opium were imported. 360 chests were imported by the Govern- ment Monopoly, 500 chests were imported for the Macao Opium Farmer, and the remaining 170 chests were nominally intended for Mexico but owing to suspicious circumstances connected with the shipment they were returned to Calcutta.

The table below shows the total imports and exports since 1908:

1916. 1915. 1914. | 1913. 1912. 1911. 1910. 1909. 1908.

Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests. Chests.

Stock in hand on

1st January, 1,503|| 2,256§| 4,5802| 5,560 |7,587 7,123 4.509 5,808 4,707 Imported during

1.706 1,873 3,059 9,198 12,361421,286 31,743 35,73441,821

the year,

Total,...... 3.0093| 4,129}|| 7,640 14,668119,9484 28,409 36,252 41,542 | 46,528

Boiled by Opin m

Farmer,

Boiled by Govern-

36

667 1,113 761 782 1,044

864

ment,

365

340

413

Spurious

Opium

destroyed,

17

19

2

14

51

247

Missing or stolen,

4

2

9

Exported during

the year,

1.667

2,409

4,911|| 9,419 13,264 20,061 28,333 35,938 |39,609

Total,....... 2,032 2,826 5,383 10,088 14,3884 20,822 29,129 37,033 | 40,720

Stock remaining on

31st December,.. 9773. 1,8084 2,256) 4,580 5,560 7.587 7,123 4,509 5,808

General Cargo.--The large decrease of 255,423 tons is due to shortage of supplies from manufacturers at home, on account of war conditions.

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10

EXPORTS.

Export show an increase of 140,869 tons.

Transit Cargo.-An increase of 158,313 tons is shewn under this head.

Emigration and Immigration.

One hundred and seventeen thousand six hundred and fifty- three (117,653) emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1916, (68,275) in 1915. Of these, 86,739 were carried in British ships, and 30,914 in foreign ships.

Seventy-two thousand four hundred and five (72,405) returning emigrants were reported to have been brought to Hongkong from the several places to which they had emigrated either from this Colony or from Coast Ports, as against 109,753 in 1915. Of these, 45,623 arrived in British ships and 26,782 in foreign ships.

Statement of Number of Emigrants to Straits Settlements, 1909 to 1916, compared with Total Chinese Emigration.

No. of Emigrants

to

Straits Settlements.

Total No. of

Emigrants.

1909,

48,016

77,430

1910,

76,705

111,058

1911,

100,906

135,565

1912,

84,024

122,657

1913.

102,353

142,759

1914,

44,974

76,296

1915,

41,278

68,275

1916,

82,797

117,653

(b.)-INDUSTRIES.

(i.)-Under European Management.

Engineering and Shipbuilding,--The figures are as follows for

the years 1915 and 1916 :-

Taikoo Dockyard and Eng. Co., Ld...... Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co., Ld., Macdonald & Co.,

Kwong Fook Cheong,

Ah King,

1915.

3 vessels of 2,780 gross tons and 1,400 I.H.P.

5

25

1

1

13

">

2,488 33

11

3,240

>>

70

30

72

13

""

30

127

"

11

""

Total,.

1916.

Macdonald & Co....

1 vessels of

!

23 vessels of 5,361 gross tons and 4,909 I.H.P.

23 gross tons and

Taikoo Dockyard and Eng. Co., Ld.,

6

2)

8,814

""

"S

Kwong Fook Cheong,

3

641

80 1. H P. 6,800 752

""

39

27

"3

Kwong Hip Lung Co., Ld.,

4

521

462

52

""

Kwong Sing Loong,

1.

+

11

W. S. Bailey & Co.,

7

36 449

45

"

17

620

22

**

Hop On,..

43

56

""

"

Kwong Lee,

1

16

24

"2

JJ

Kwong Man Sang,

2

136

178

+1

23

52

وو

Tung Shing,

1

75

92

"

"

""

Kwong Hop Loong,

1

32

44

37

19

53

Ah King,

23

56

54

25

"1

17

Sum Kee,

28

50

17

22

""

2

Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co., Ld.,

Total,.....

54 vessels of 10,902 gross tons and 9,377 I.H.P.

32

120

J9

"

دو

F

11

The increase of tonnage built by the Taikoo Dockyard and Engineering Co., Ltd., is due to the building of vessels for the Straits Steamship Co. The Hongkong & Whampoa Dock Co. had several large vessels building, which are not shown in the

return.

Sugar Refineries.-The year 1916 was marked by a further increase in the price of already highly inflated raws. In spite of this clearances were on the whole good, a marked feature being the increasing demand for crystals from India and the Persian Gulf markets, which would have assumed very large proportions had it not been hampered by scarcity of tonnage and the very high level of silver.

Cotton Yarn.-The year has undoubtedly been a profitable one both for importers and dealers, although the volume of business has been smaller than that of previous years.

The political troubles in China had a restricting influence upon the market, and the anti-monarchical movement with the fear of disturbances affected business severely throughout the spring and early summer.

The war conditions now prevailing have driven prices of all commodities to a high level-American Cotton reached the record price of 121d. per lb. in November-which must necessarily curtail the offtake amongst the poorer consumers.

Another most important factor is the growth of the Japanese and Shanghai mill enterprises which continue to make great pro- gress at the expense of Indian Yarns in the South as well as in other parts of China.

Rope Making: There was a fair demand for Manila Cordage throughout the year but the total turnover shows a falling off from that of the previous twelve months. The cost of raw material was still higher than the high figure it had reached at the end of 1915 and no doubt the consumption of the manufactured article was adversely affected by the consequent higher prices.

Cement. There was a good demand throughout the year 1916. The price of Cement rose but business with gold standard countries was of course adversely affected by the high rates of exchange which ruled during the latter part of the year. Nevertheless on the whole the turnover for the year shows an improvement on that of 1915.

Tin.-Business in this commodity has been reduced consider- ably in comparison with the preceding year which as already reported was a poor one.

Imports from Yunnan for the whole year amounted to about 3,000 tons and from Kwang Sai about 1,000 tons against 7,000 tons and 1,000 tons respectively in 1915.

Export during the year was about 500 tons to Japan, 400 tons to Shanghai, and 2,300 tons to Europe, United States of America, and Canada.

12

There was also about 300 tons exported to China coast ports and interior.

Rattan and Fibre Furniture.--The business in these commo- dities has further declined about 40 per cent in comparison with the preceding year on account of the enormous increase in freight.

Native Tobacco. The business this year has been increased by about 20 per cent in comparison with 1915.

Tinned Goods.-On account of high cost of materials the price of tinned goods has been increased by 20 per cent and in consequence the sale has been reduced by 40 per cent.

year.

Samshu.-The market and business has been the same as last

Vinegar. The business has been almost the same as last year. Knitted Vests and Socks.-The business has declined about 20 per cent owing to high cost of materials.

Leather and Hides.—The market has advanced by about 25 to 30 per cent in comparison with the preceding year and the business throughout the year has been good.

Ginger and Preserves.-The business in this produce has declined about 50 per cent in comparison with the preceding year.

Soy.-Exports have been very poor and business has been reduced by 50 per cent in comparison with the preceding year.

Paper-Import of this article has been very limited and in consequence the consumption of Chinese paper has been increased by about 20 per cent.

Vermilion.--Business has been very dull, a reduction of 40 per cent in comparison with last year having to be recorded.

Lard-The business has been very dull owing to an increase in cost price of about 30 per cent and the export was limited.

(c.)-FISHERIES.

A considerable proportion of the boat population of Hongkong supports itself by deep-sea fishing, in which pursuit a large number of junks are engaged. The villages of Aberdeen, Stanley, Shauki- wan, and also many in the New Territories, are largely dependent upon this industry for their prosperity. Fresh water fish is im- ported from Canton and the West River. There are oyster beds of considerable value in Deep Bay.

(d.)—FORESTRY, AGRICULTURE, AND BOTANY.

About 40,000 pine tree seedlings were planted on the hills around the Fanling Golf Course, over 15,000 in the Cheungshawan catchment area, over 25,000 in the Tytam catchment area, 10,000 on the hills north of Kowloon City, and 370 in King's Park.

Sixty-two (62) pounds of pine seed were sown broadcast in grassy areas on the south side of the Kowloon hills.

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4.

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The principal items were $30,410 in respect of extensions of the sites of Kowloon permanent piers Nos. 23, 24, 25, and 34, $43,000 on the sale of Kowloon Inland Lot No. 1304, $40,480 on the sale of Kowloon Inland Lot No. 1301, and $15,000 in respect of an extension to Marine Lot No. 321.

In the New Territories the net amount received for premium on sales of land was $144,835 being an increase of $131,593 on the preceding year. The principal items were $75,000 for New Kow- loon Inland Lots Nos. 115 to 138 and $48,600 for a large area in the Ping Shan District.

The number of deeds registered in the Land Office was 2,670 or 516 more than the previous year, the total consideration being $42,291,549 as against $30,250,789 in the previous year.

The Government resumed several properties at Hung Hom during the year in connection with the erection of carriage sheds for the railway, and also a large Oyster Bed in connection with the development scheme at Ping Shan.

The total area of land granted during the year was 1,8554 acres of which 1,819 acres were situated in the New Territories; the total area of land resumed was 1,345 acres; of which 1,211 acres was the area of the Oyster Bed above referred to.

In the Northern District of the New Territories there was an unprecedented demand for land, the revenue from this source far exceeding that of all previous years.

The scheme for the reclamation of an extensive area in Kowloon Bay is being carried out by a Chinese syndicate for the purpose of making a residential district for Chinese.

III.

LEGISLATION,

Fifteen Ordinances were passed during 1916, of which four were amendments of previous Ordinances.

The most important matters with which these Ordinances dealt were the Punishment of Incest (No. 3), Marriage of British Sub- jects (Facilities) (No. 5), and Pharmacy and Poisons (No. 9).

The Tobacco Ordinance (No. 10) provided for the taxation of Tobacco consumed in the Colony.

The following Ordinances were necessitated during the con- tinuance of the war:-

The False Passports and Suspected Persons (No. 2), the Trad- ing with the Enemy (Extension of Powers) (No. 4), the Registration of Persons (No. 6), and the Trading with the Enemy Amendment (No. 8).

The War Loan Ordinance (No. 12) provided for the raising of a sum of $3,000,000 as a gift to the Imperial Government for the purposes of the war.

i

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IV.--EDUCATION.

No important changes have taken place in the Education Department during the year under review. The Staff has been depleted by causes due to the war.

The total number of pupils at schools in the Colony excluding the Police School and the uncontrolled schools in the New Terri- tories are:-

Number of Pupils.

Total.

English

Vernacular

Schools.

Schools.

Government Schools,

2,433

2,433

Military Schools,

105

105

Excluded Private Schools,

645

645

Grant Schools, -

1,522

1,978

3,500

Controlled

Private

Schools,

2,633

10,159

12,792

Controlled

Private

Schools, New Terri-

tories,

1,093

1,093

Technical Institute,

535

535

Total, -

7,873

13,230

21,103

The most important schools, apart from the excluded schools, are Queen's College for Chinese, four District Schools its feeders, and the Belilios Public School for Chinese girls. There is an Indian School of growing importance now housed in a new building pre- sented to the Colony by Mr. Ellis Kadoorie. Kowloon School and Victoria School for children of British parentage have an average attendance of about 120. There is also a school for the children of the Peak District. The Diocesan School and Orphanage and St. Joseph's College are important boys' schools in receipt of an annual grant. The Italian, French, and St. Mary's Convents, and the Diocesan Girls' School, are the most important of the English Grant Schools for girls.

The Hongkong Technical Institute affords an opportunity for higher education of students who have left school. Instruction was given in 1916 in Mathematics, Machine Drawing, Architectural Design, and Building Construction; in Chemistry, Physics and Electricity; in Commerical English, Logic and Political Economy; in French, Shorthand and Book-keeping; and in Translation from and into Chinese. Classes in Sanitation (Public Hygiene) are also held, the examinations being conducted under the auspices of the Royal Sanitary Institute, London. Classes for Men and Women Teachers, both "English" and "Vernacular are a feature of the Institute.

""

"

The Lecturers are recruited from the members of the Medical and Educational faculties of the Colony, and from the Department

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of Public Works, and receive fees for their services. The Institute is furnished with a well equipped Chemical Laboratory and excellent Physical apparatus.

The Hongkong University is an institution that arose from the joint enterprise of British and Chinese subscribers. It was founded with funds representing about equal proportions of Chinese and British money.

At the end of the year the number of students was 189, 108 of whom were taking the Engineering Course, 52 Medicine, and 29 Arts. While most of the students have studied in Hongkong schools, a number come from Canton, the Coast Ports of China, and the Straits Settlements.

The idea of the University is to provide, close to China, education for Chinese similar to that given in the British Univer- sities, but at a much cheaper cost; for if a Chinese goes abroad to be educated he has to pay, besides travelling expenses, some $2,000 per annum; whereas at Hongkong the expenses of the University are $540 per annum for board and tuition, or, including extras, from $600 to $650.

The founders of the University took into consideration the fact that Chinese students being educated abroad have usually to make their own arrangements for board and lodging. Consequently sometimes they contract irregular habits. All students educated at the Hongkong University are required to become boarders, and thus their whole lives are under supervision whilst they are there. Ample provision is made for indoor and outdoor recreation, and in this connection it is interesting to note that the Chinese residents of Hongkong recently subscribed a large sum for levelling a new playing field and that the work has just been completed.

The University is composed of three Faculties: 1.-Medical, which offers ample facilities for the practice of medicine. The anatomical laboratories were the gift of a Cantonese gentleman (Mr. Ng Li-hing). There is a large staff of instructors in medicine and all the principal medical practitioners in Hongkong give lectures at the University. 2.-Arts. The establishment of this Faculty was largely due to the munificence of a Chinese gentleman in the Straits Settle- ments (Mr. Cheung Pat-sze). Its special object is to provide train- ing suitable to those who desire to enter the public service or the higher branches of mercantile life. The course of instruction comprises English and Chinese literature, political and constitutional history, political economy, jurisprudence, and international and commercial law. 3.-Engineering. Nearly two-thirds of the students belong to this Faculty. It is divided into three branches-Civil, Electrical, and Mechanical. The University has an exceptionally large equipment of machinery and apparatus, and has fourteen laboratories and workshops. There is practically no place in China where students have such an opportunity of seeing all kinds of machinery in actual working and of learning their practical manage-

ment.

The University insists upon all students having a proper knowledge of their own language although instruction at the

1

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University is carried out in English. Students are required to pass an examination in written Chinese before entering, and two Chinese Professors, both Hanlin graduates, give lectures on the classics and history of China.

An account of the first congregation for conferring degrees, and of the benefactions during the year 1916 will be found under Section XI-- General Observations.

V.-PUBLIC WORKS.

The erection of a terrace of six two-storied houses on the east side of Happy Valley for quarters for subordinate officers was com- pleted during the year. Each of the two end houses contains five rooms, whilst the four intermediate houses contain four rooms each. All the houses are provided with separate bathrooms, kitchens, and servants' accommodation. Each house is intended as quarters for

one married or two single subordinate officers.

A large extension of the Central Police Station by the erection of a new block of buildings frouting on Hollywood Road, to contain offices, quarters, etc., was commenced, the foundations being well advanced at the close of the year.

In the New Territories, a boat-house was erected on the bank of the Sham Chun River near Lok Ma Chau Police Station and a matshed was constructed at Castle Peak to serve as a temporary Police Station.

The masonry dam of the Tytam Tuk Reservoir was constructed to an average height of about 111 feet above the stream-bed (152. feet above the lowest part of the foundations), with the exception of a short length of 75 feet which was purposely kept at a lower level to form a temporary overflow.

The extension of the pumping station buildings to accom- modate the additional pumping plant was completed and the erection of the pumping engines was practically completed.

Several new streets, both in the City and in Kowloon, were form- ed, kerbed, channelled, and surfaced.

In the New Territories, the reinforced concrete bridge over the Au Tau Creek on the Castle Peak-Fanling Road was completed as was also the widening to 20 feet of the section of roadway extending from near Sheung Shui Train Halt to some distance beyond San Tin Village. A branch road, 20 feet in width, was constructed from Shanghai Street (Kowloon) to Sham Shui Po andțan approach path to New Kowloon Farm Lots 7 and 8, 8 feet in width, was also completed.

An additional telephone cable was laid across the harbour from North Point to near the Hunghom Docks.

Upwards of 7,000 lineal feet of streams were trained in the neighbourhood of Aberdeen, Pokfulam, Sookunpo Valley, in the

18

City and Hill District, and in Kowloon. Various and considerable extensions of sewers, in connection with new building lots, were carried out in Hongkong and Kowloon.

The steel pier in connection with the Repairing and Coaling Depôt for Government Launches at Yaumati, referred to in last year's Report, was erected and a slipway cradle was constructed. The electric capstan for operating the cradle had not however arrived from England by the close of the year.

The dredging to a depth of 30 feet at the lowest tides alongside the new pier erected by the Hongkong and Kowloon Wharf and Godown Company and of the approaches to it were completed during the year.

The work of providing scavenging lanes was continued, com- pensation being paid where necessary.

Progress continues to be made with the Shamshuipo Improve- ment Scheme, which involves the entire demolition of the old village and the erection of new houses and other buildings on good, wide roads.

The construction of the additional service reservoir and filter beds for the supply of the western section of the City was proceeded with, substantial progress being made with the work.

The additional filter bed in connection with the Kowloon Water Works was completed, making four beds in all.

The total amount expended on Public Works Extraordinary was $1,247,623.89* and on Annually Recurrent Works $630,187.68.†

Railway.

The new Terminal Passenger Station at Kowloon, which was commenced on March 1st, 1914, was completed and opened to the public on March 28th, and the commodious accommodation now provided is much appreciated by the travelling public and the staff alike. The railway offices on the first floor were occupied about one month later and, after the disadvantages experienced during the occupation of temporary offices and makeshift buildings, proved a boon to organisation and regular work.

The temporary offices and station were demolished during the year, and the large area in front of the building was curbed and surfaced by the Public Works Department.

During the year the Extension to the Locomotive Yard, which included the laying of about 2,430 yards of new track and 18 sets of crossings, was completed, as also the Extension of the Locomotive Shed by 112 feet. The completion of the new Running Shed, 500 feet by 30 feet, mentioned in my last year's report, was however delayed by the difficulty in obtaining possession of a small lot of

* A sum of $752.14 was credited to one of the sub-heads, thus making the ex-

penditure appear as $1,246,871.75.

† A sum of $5,315.17 war credited to one of the sub-heads, thus making the ex-

penditure appear as $624,872.51.

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house property standing on the site. As the original roofing ordered for these two buildings was unobtainable, and the asbestos-cement corrugated roofing sent out from England as a substitute proved to be totally unsuitable to the requirements of this country, it was decided to construct the Running Shed in reinforced concrete and brickwork, roofed with Marseilles tiles, while a reinforced concrete roof was adapted to the Locomotive Shed Extension..

In February, the tranway system was adopted on the Fanling Branch Line, seven new halts were made and a two cent fare charged between each. This has so far proved a success and seems to be appreciated as the earnings of the line shew an increase of $3,923.17 over the previous year, the number of passengers carried being 67,608 as against 47,928 in 1915.

One first class restaurant car was completed by the Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Company and placed in service during April, but owing to late delivery from England of the fittings, the work on the first and second class composite carriage had to be suspended for several months. These fittings have now arrived and the coach will be completed and available for service early in 1917.

The estimated Capital Expenditure for the year was $386,198 but, owing to the delay in the delivery of materials from England, only $269,388.74 of this sum was required and after the deduction of $10,670.25 received by sales of old construction plant and materials, the year's expenditure amounted to $198,718.49.

The Construction Cost of the Main Line to end of the year now stands at $14,710,917.29 and of the Fanling Branch at $89,808.57.

The Working Expenses amounted to $296,691.63 or $574.34 less than the previous year and when compared with Gross Receipts show a decrease the percentage being 81.02 against 86.47 for 1915.

The Revenue derived from Local Traffic amounted to $141,799.41 or $12,704.58 more than in 1915 and the Earnings of Through and Joint Sectional Traffic $213,441.04 against $207,622.20 for 1915. Fanling Branch Receipts increased from $7,052.05 to $10,975.22.

The Excess of Earnings over Expenditure for 1916 was $69,524.04 an increase of $23,020.93 when compared with the previous year.

Passengers booked by Stations in British.

Territory to Stations in China,

14

1915.

1916.

271,382 307,310

Passengers booked by Stations in China to

Stations in British Territory,

326,839 344,220

:

Passengers travelling on the British Sec-

tion, Main Line,

257,650 277,800

Passengers travelling on the British Sec-

tion, Fanling Branch,

47,928 67,608

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VI.-GOVERNMENT AND AIDED INSTITUTIONS.

(a.)-HOSPITALS.

Government Hospitals consist of the Civil Hospital, to which is attached an isolated Maternity Hospital, the Victoria Hospital for Women and Children, and the Kennedy Town Infectious Dis- cases Hospital. There is an Observation Station capable of accom- modating 1,500 persons in the event of an outbreak of infectious disease on board a ship arriving in the Harbour.

The Civil Hospital contains 150 beds in 19 wards. 3,058 in- patients and 12,620 out-patients were treated during 1916 as against 3,085 and 14,199 respectively in 1915. 360 cases of malarial fever were admitted as against 384 in 1915 and 324 in 1914. But the total cases of malaria for all Government Hospitals and the Tung Wa Hospital shows an increase of 684 cases as compared with the year 1915. The Maternity Hospital coptains 12 beds for Europeans and 4 for Asiatics. 259 confinements occurred during the year as against 212 in 1915. The Victoria · Hospital at the Peak contains 41 beds, and during 1916, 201 patients were under treatment there. At Kennedy Town Hospital, which contains 26 beds, 30 cases were treated in 1916, all being small-pox.

(6.)- LUNATIC ASYLUM.

The Asylum is under the direction of the Superintendent of the Civil Hospital. European and Chinese patients are separated, the European portion containing 8 beds in separate wards and the Chinese portion 16 beds. 237 patients of all races were treated during 1916 and there were 6 deaths.

(c.)-THE TUNG WA AND OTHER CHINESE HOSPITALS.

The Tung Wa Hospital, opened in 1872, is mainly supported by the voluntary subscriptions of Chinese, but receives an annual grant of $8,000 from the Government. Only Chinese are treated in this institution. Various other services not appertaining to a hospital are performed by the institution, such as the free burial of the poor, the repatriation of destitutes, and the organisation of charitable relief in emergencies. Chinese as well as European methods of treatment are employed in accordance with the wishes expressed by the patients or their friends. About half the number are now treated by Western methods. The hospital is managed by a committee of Chinese gentlemen annually elected, their appointment being submitted to the Governor for confirmation. It is under the supervision of a visiting physician, who is a member of the Medical Department, whilst two Chinese house surgeons, trained in Western medicine, are members of the hospital staff. There are 323 beds in the buildings and 5,480 patients were accommodated during 1916.

The Tung Wa also maintain a branch hospital for small-pox cases (Chinese only) at Kennedy Town. It contains 58 beds and during 1916, 171 cases were treated.

21

The Alice Memorial and Affiliated Hospitals are managed and controlled by the missionaries resident in Hongkong, agents of the London Missionary Society, and consist of the Alice Memorial Hospital opened in 1887, the Nethersole Hospital opened in 1893, the Alice Memorial Maternity Hospital opened in 1904, and the Ho Miu Ling Hospital opened in 1906. The number of in-patients in 1916 was 1,731 and the expenditure $14,961.52. The number of labours in the Maternity Hospital was 550. The Government makes a grant of $300 per annum to these Hospitals.

To avoid the complete seclusion from friends and relatives, which removal of Chinese plague patients to the Kennedy Town Infectious Diseases Hospital entailed, four District Plague Hospitals are now maintained by the Chinese in various parts of the Colony. These hospitals are under the management of the Chinese Public Dispensaries Committee and receive a grant of $2,000 a year from the Government.

The new Kwong Wa Hospital for Chinese in the Kowloon Peninsula was opened on the 9th October, 1911. It occupies a site having an area of 3 acres and provides accommodation for 210 patients. The existing buildings contain 70 beds and 2,490 patients were accommodated during 1916. The collection of subscriptions and the supervision of the building were undertaken by a special committee under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. The hospital receives a grant of $8,500 per annum from the Government.

As will be noticed from the remarks made under the heading Education the Hongkong University is an Aided Institution.

=

VII.-INSTITUTIONS NOT SUPPORTED BY GOVERNMENT.

રી

One of the most important institutions in the Colony not sup- ported by the Government is the Matilda Hospital, which stands on a commanding site of nearly three acres at Mount Kellet in the Hill District. It consists of a main building containing six wards with 26 beds, quarters for four nurses, a house for the Medical Officer in charge, and an operation block. A Maternity Ward is connected by a covered way with the main building and was complet- ed during 1916. The total cost of the buildings and their equipment has been more than $600,000. The hospital was erected in pursu- ance of the directions of the late Mr. Granville Sharp, who died on the 16th August, 1899, and who by his will gave the residue of his estate, amounting to more than $2,000,000, in trust "for the erec- “tion and maintenance of a Hospital at Mount Kellet in this "Colony to the Glory of God, and the good of men; in loving memory of his sainted Wife Matilda Lincolne, the same to be "called "Matilda Hospital”.

66

22

The management of the hospital is vested in a Governing Body consisting of :-

The Trustees for the time being of the will of the Testator, The Bishop of the Diocese.

The Chaplain of St. John's Cathedral.

The Minister of the Union Church.

Four additional members.

The objects for which the hospital is established are:-

(a) To provide carry on and maintain a hospital for the benefit of patients primarily who are poor helpless and forsaken and to provide gratuitous medical relief to any such person suffering from disease or ill- liealth.

(7) The hospital shall be considered to be established as

a Religious and Evangelistic Institution.

(c) The hospital is reserved for British, American, and

European Patients.

It was the express wish of the Testator that the hospital should be quite self-supporting, and be able to maintain itself, and that it should be absolutely unnecessary at any time during the continu- ance of the institution to appeal to the public in any way for funds.

for its maintenance.

Among institutions recognised and encouraged, but not to any considerable extent supported by Government may be mentioned the Pó Leung Kuk, the Eyre Refuge, the City Hall, and the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

The Pó Leung Kuk is a Chinese Society founded in 1878 for the suppression of kidnapping and traffic in human beings. It was incorporated in 1893 and is presided over by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs and not more than nine directors nominated by the Governor. The actual management is entrusted to a committee elected annually by the members of the Society. The Society's buildings have been declared a Refuge under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance, and almost all women and girls detained by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under that Ordinance are sent to the Pó Leung Kuk. During 1916 the number of persons admitted was 590 and at the close of the year 78 remained under the care of the Society. The inmates are under the immediate charge of a Chinese matron, and instruction is given them by the matron and a Chinese teacher in elementary subjects and in needlework.

The Eyre Diocesan Refuge is an institution, under mission auspices, founded for rescue work among the Chinese. It was housed in the Belilios Reformatory up to the outbreak of war, but the work is at present carried on at Kowloon City. A small grant is made by the Government.

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23

The City Hall receives an annual grant of $1,200 from Government. It contains a theatre, some large rooms which are used for balls, meetings, concerts, etc., a museum in which are some very fair specimens, and a large reference and lending library, to which new volumes are added from time to time, as funds will allow. The building was erected in 1866-9 by subscription.

Small grants are also given to the Italian Convent, the French Convent, (both of which take in and tend abandoned or sick infants), the West Point Orphanage, the Seamen's Hospital, and other charitable institutions.

The Chinese Public Dispensaries are institutions maintained in order to provide the Chinese with the services of doctors, whose certificates will be accepted by the Registrar of Deaths, and with the services of interpreters, who can assist the inmates of houses, where a case of infectious disease has occurred. Coolies are engaged and ambulances and dead vans provided in order to remove cases of in- fectious disease to the Infectious Diseases Hospital and dead bodies to the Mortuary. The Dispensaries receive sick infants and send them to one or other of the Convents and arrange for the burial of dead infants. Free advice and medicine are given and patients are attended at their houses. There are eight Dispensaries in existence; the one for the boat population on a hulk in Causeway Bay was dispensed with and amalgamated with the Yaumati Dispensary. The total cost of maintenance, which is defrayed by voluntary sub- scription, was $39,766.07 for the year 1916. The Dispensaries are conducted by committees under the chairmanship of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

VIII-CRIMINAL AND POLICE.

There

The total of all cases reported to the Police was 11,319 being an increase of 1,859 or 19.65 per cent as compared with 1915. was in 1916 an increase in serious offences of 396 or 12·68 per cent as compared with the previous year. The number of serious offences reported was 49 over the average of the quinquennial period com- mencing with the year 1912. The number of minor offences reported shows an increase of 1,306 as compared with 1915 and was 497 over the average of the quinquennial period.

The total strength of the Police Force in 1916 was Europeans 165, Indians 463, Chinese 587, making a total of 1,215 (as compared with 1,289 in 1915) exclusive of the five superior officers and staff of clerks and coolies. These figures include police paid for by the Railway and other Government Departments. Of this force 14 Europeans, 137 Indians, and 30 Chinese were stationed in the New Territories during the year, under an Assistant Superintendent.

Up to the end of the year forty-one members of the Hong-

24

kong Police Force had enlisted for active service and twenty more were ready at end of the year to proceed to England.

The following members of this Force were killed while on active service during the year :~~

P.C. A 25 Herbert George Wakeford,... K.R.R. killed on 17. 5.16.

A 52 Arthur Allchurch,

29

27

A 27 Ernest George Painting,

"

وو

A 114 Peter Boyd Gardner,...R.F.C.

1. 7.16.

1. 7.16.

4.12.16.

5.9

The District Watchmen Force, numbering 100, to which the Government contributes $2,000 per annum, was well supported by the Chinese during the year. These watchmen patrol the streets in the Chinese quarter of the City. They are placed on police beats and are supervised by the European police on section patrol.

The total number of persons committed to Victoria Gaol was 4,169 as compared with 4,179 in 1915. Of these 1,588 were com- mitted for criminal offences, against 1,260 in 1915. Of committals for non-criminal offences there were 18 less under the Harbour Ordinance, and 136 more for hawking without a licence, than in 1915.

The daily average of prisoners confined in the Gaol was 638, the average for 1915 being 594, and the highest previous average being 726 in 1904. The percentage of prisoners to population, according to the daily average of the former and the estimated number of the latter, was 0.12. The average percentage for the last ten years was 0.12. Owing, however, to the large floating population, which is constantly moving between the Colony and Canton, the percentage of crime to population does not convey an accurate idea of the comparative criminality of the residents of the Colony. The Gaol has accommodation for 707 prisoners.

The prison discipline was satisfactory, the average of punish- ments per prisoner being 134 as compared with 1:41 in 1915 and 1.34 in 1914.

Long sentence prisoners serving two years and upwards are taught useful trades, including printing, book-binding, tin-smithing, mat-making, tailoring, carpentering, etc. The profit on the work done was $68,209 as against $63,515 in 1915. A sum of $4,060 was received and credited to Government for non-Government work against $3,082 in 1915.

IX.-VITAL STATISTICS.

(a.)-POPULATION.

The civil population of the Colony, according to the Census taken on May 20th, 1911, was 456,739, of whom 104,287 reside in the New Territories and in New Kowloon; at the Census taken in 1906 it was 201,967 exclusive of the New Territories and of New

24

kong Police Force had enlisted for active service and twenty more were ready at end of the year to proceed to England.

The following members of this Force were killed while on active service during the year :~~

P.C. A 25 Herbert George Wakeford,... K.R.R. killed on 17. 5.16.

A 52 Arthur Allchurch,

29

27

A 27 Ernest George Painting,

"

وو

A 114 Peter Boyd Gardner,...R.F.C.

1. 7.16.

1. 7.16.

4.12.16.

5.9

The District Watchmen Force, numbering 100, to which the Government contributes $2,000 per annum, was well supported by the Chinese during the year. These watchmen patrol the streets in the Chinese quarter of the City. They are placed on police beats and are supervised by the European police on section patrol.

The total number of persons committed to Victoria Gaol was 4,169 as compared with 4,179 in 1915. Of these 1,588 were com- mitted for criminal offences, against 1,260 in 1915. Of committals for non-criminal offences there were 18 less under the Harbour Ordinance, and 136 more for hawking without a licence, than in 1915.

The daily average of prisoners confined in the Gaol was 638, the average for 1915 being 594, and the highest previous average being 726 in 1904. The percentage of prisoners to population, according to the daily average of the former and the estimated number of the latter, was 0.12. The average percentage for the last ten years was 0.12. Owing, however, to the large floating population, which is constantly moving between the Colony and Canton, the percentage of crime to population does not convey an accurate idea of the comparative criminality of the residents of the Colony. The Gaol has accommodation for 707 prisoners.

The prison discipline was satisfactory, the average of punish- ments per prisoner being 134 as compared with 1:41 in 1915 and 1.34 in 1914.

Long sentence prisoners serving two years and upwards are taught useful trades, including printing, book-binding, tin-smithing, mat-making, tailoring, carpentering, etc. The profit on the work done was $68,209 as against $63,515 in 1915. A sum of $4,060 was received and credited to Government for non-Government work against $3,082 in 1915.

IX.-VITAL STATISTICS.

(a.)-POPULATION.

The civil population of the Colony, according to the Census taken on May 20th, 1911, was 456,739, of whom 104,287 reside in the New Territories and in New Kowloon; at the Census taken in 1906 it was 201,967 exclusive of the New Territories and of New

25

Kowloon. The estimated total population at the middle of the

year under review was 528,010, but this includes the New Territories; and, as the birth and death figures given below do not include those from this area (with the exception of New Kowloon), the popula- tion for the purposes of calculating these rates is estimated at 431,510, of whom 13,390 were Non-Chinese.

The distribution of population estimated to the middle of 1916 was as follows:-

Non-Chinese Civil Community,

13,390

Chinese

Population.

City of Victoria (including Peak),.

270,300

Villages of Hongkong,

15,250

Kowloon (including New Kowloon),

75,000

New Territories,

96,500

Population afloat,

57,570

Total Chinese Population,

514,620

528,010

Total Civil Population,

(b.)-PUBLIC HEALTH AND SANITATION.

The activity in building operations, which has been so notice- able a feature since 1912 has not abated, and the demand for housing accommodation by the Chinese continued to be greatly in excess of the supply, as many of those who fled with their families to Hongkong during 1911, 1912 and 1913 elected to remain in the Colony.

The corrected birth-rate for the year was 81 per 1,000 among the Chinese community and 20.05 per 1,000 among the Non-Chinese community, as compared with 8.4 and 13·2 during 1915.

The death-rate for the year was 246 per 1,000 among the Chinese community and 15.08 among the Non-Chinese community, as compared with 19.0 and 94 during 1915.

The number of deaths from Malaria (378) shows an increase on the previous year (366). The deaths of Chinese from this cause in the City of Victoria numbered 182 out of a population of 270,300 or a rate of 0.6 per 1,000 per annum.

The deaths from Plague numbered 39 as compared with 144 in 1915.

Small-pox deaths numbered 542, all Chinese, with the excep- tion of 3 British and one each American, Portuguese, and Indian.

There were 2,112 deaths from respiratory diseases among the Chinese, as compared with 2,303 in 1915. Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Phthisis claimed 963 Chinese victims, while other forms of Tuberculosis represent an additional 554 deaths, making a total of 1,517 or 144 per cent of the total deaths among that community.

26

Beri-beri was responsible for 517 deaths, as compared with 398 during 1915 and 399 in 1914. During the past few years circulars have been distributed to all large employers of coolie labour calling their attention to the fact that Beri-beri is produced by the consumption of white rice as the staple article of diet with- out a sufficiency of other foods, and advising that beans should be supplied with the rice, when fresh meat or fresh fish cannot be afforded.

A tabular statement of the principal causes of death is appended.

(c.)-CLIMATE.

The mean shade temperature for the year at the Royal Obser- vatory, Kowloon, (108 feet above mean sea level), was 71°8, 16 lower than in 1915, and 0°4 lower than the mean for the past 10 years. The maximum temperature was 924 on the 25th August and the minimum 39°3 on the 24th January. The hottest month was July, with a mean temperature of 82°7, and the coldest, February, with a mean temperature of 59°6.

The temperature at the high levels of the Peak District is from 30 to 80 less than at the Observatory. At Victoria it is practically the same. The rainfall and humidity are considerably greater at the Peak than at Victoria, the Observatory, or Tai Po (New Territories).

The total rainfall for the year was 79-855 inches, as compared with an average of 82.56 inches during the ten preceding years. The wettest month was June with 32-18 inches, the driest, December, when 0·05 inch fell. The greatest amount of rain which fell on any one day was 9-12 inches on the 1st June while no rain fell on 245 days of the year. The mean relative humidity of the atmosphere for the year was 76%, or the same as for the ten preceding years. The average daily amount of sunshine was 5.7 hours, being 47% of the possible duration.

:

X.-POSTAL AND TELEGRAPH SERVICES.

The total revenue from the Postal Service in 1916 amounted to $401,742.33 being $33,284.56 more than that collected in 1915, the excess being mainly due to increase in the sale of postage stamps. The expenditure amounted to $308,136.33 being less than that of 1915 by $95,472.69, due to arrears of transit dues for the year 1914 recovered in 1916 and to the high rate of exchange prevailing during the year under review. The balance of revenue over expenditure amounted to $93,606.00.

The revised parcel agreement with the Commonwealth of Australia came into operation on 1st Jauuary.

The Parcel Agreement with Russia which provides for the exchange of parcels between that country and this Colony vi

1

27

Vladivostock arranged to commence on 1st September had to be suspended owing to congestion of traffic on the trans-Siberian railways.

The Telegraphic Money Order Service between the United Kingdom and this Colony came into force on 1st October.

The revenue collected in 1916 from radio-telegrams amounted to $8,695.04. Advices of ships signalled at the lighthouses yielded $489.20 and semaphore messages $4.25 making a total of $9,188.49 for the telegraphic service. The expenditure amounted to $10,846.21 which figures do not include the emoluments of the Wireless Staff at the Cape D'Aguilar Station. The number of radio-telegrams forwarded during the year was 686 and received 1,098.

XI. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.

In accordance with instructions received the Blue Book, for economical reasons, was revised with a view to reducing the bulk. The weight of each volume has been reduced by 13 lbs. compared with those for 1915, or a total saving of 245 lbs. of paper.

In the early part of the year the unrest in the Province of Kuangtung culminated in attacks on the City of Canton from the North and West. Business was almost entirely suspended and there was considerable loss of life. As usual in such circumstances there was a very large influx of refugees to Hongkong both from Canton and the neighbouring districts. Though order was restored there was only a moderate revival of trade with the Province up

to the end of the

year.

There were no serious acts of piracy in connection with British shipping during the year, but the train to Hongkong was derailed and attacked by robbers about twenty miles from Canton on the 15th June. Three persons lost their lives and twenty-six were injured. One of those killed was an American, all the remainder were Chinese.

During the year the War Charities Committee received a sum of £32,692 which brought the total of the contributions to various funds in aid of the war up to a sum of £64,192.

The Queen Mary's Needlework Guild, The Hongkong As- sociation of War Workers, and other bodies of ladies engaged in war work were unremitting in their labours throughout the year with the result that many thousands of articles of clothing, ban- dages, etc., were despatched to the various war centres for the use of the troops and in hospitals.

October 19th was observed as "Our Day" when a sum of nearly £5,000 was raised for the British Red Cross Society.

St. Andrew's Day, the 30th November, was entitled "Heather Day and a sum of about £1,600 was collected for Scottish War Charities.

The Colony's recurrent expenses on account of the war during 1916 are expected to exceed $500,000.

28

In November a loan of $3,000,000 guaranteed by the Govern- ment was raised as a gift to His Majesty's Government for war purposes, and a further sum of $2,000,000 was added when the accounts for the year were closed; other contributions from the Colony towards the war consisted inter alia of the following:-

(a.)-Direct Contributions.

1.-British War Loans

2.-Exchequer Bonds

3.-War Savings Certificates

...

£144,230 633,360

58,334

26,700

£862,624

4. British War Expenditure Certi-

ficates

Total

The Hongkong and South China War Savings Association, which, though it had been established only two months, had already invested on behalf of its members nearly $200,000. The Committee consists of very representative men, with the Union Insurance Society of Canton as Honorary Secretaries and Treasurers.

(b.)~Indirect Contributions.

1. Federated Malay States 6 per

2.-War Loan Investment Trust of

*

3.-Straits Settlements War Loan

cent War Loan

Malava ...

Bonds

Total

...

(Straits Currency.)

$52,650

24,030

436,600

$513,280

In addition, besides £1,145,000 contributed to War Loans by the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, large sums have been taken up in those loans by local Companies from funds available in London.

Three hundred and fifty-one volunteers for active service have left the Colony to join His Majesty's Forces.

The Special Police Reserve has increased to 127 British, 221 Portuguese, 71 Indians, and 235 Chinese, and has proved of invalu- able assistance to the Colony.

The St. John's Ambulance Brigade, which was inaugurated during the year, became very popular with the Chinese and reached a total of 8 British officers and 135 Chinese officers and men. With this is associated the Voluntary Aid Detachment which con- sists of 76 ladies.

There is also a company of Cadets attached to the Volunteer Corps whose numbers totalled 70 at the end of the year, and a company of Baden Powell Boy Scouts formed by St. Joseph's College which numbered 50.

29

The winding up of the German and Austrian firms is now approaching completion. Practically all the assets in all the liquid- ations have been realised, with the exception of a few leasehold properties and certain shares held by secured creditors. The lease- hold properties will soon be sold, and the secured creditors referred to will be required to realise their securities.

In a few cases the completion of the winding up is delayed by litigation or other disputes with claimants.

One of the most notable events of the year was the first Congregation of the University of Hongkong, which was held on December 14th. The Chancellor (Sir F. H. May, K.C.M.G., LL.D., B.A., Governor of the Colony) having declared the Congregation opened, a message from the President of the Republic of China was read of which the following is a translation:-

All types of men are here; their gifts diverse:

Plant growths oft mingle; each stem has its root. Each scholar's competent: his learning shows complete, A boon received through course of study meet. Were not your teachers versed in wisdom's lore, Who could awake young manhood's mind to soar. China and Western lands have now one aim, One thought and purpose; learning to acclaim. May scholars throng your portals, there to seek, Training and strength of mind, as plants when weak Are trained to grow and thrive.

Your methods, wise and clear, are seen to be

Marks of this learning by the Southern sea.

Brief though the course of your years Achieved is your glorious fame.

Your status is seen to be great

As the Hung To School of Hon days.

Your praises are published to-day.

They will surely be known through the world.

The Vice-Chancellor (Sir Charles Eliot, K.C.M.G., D.C.L., LL.D., M.A.) then delivered an address, after which Honorary Degrees were conferred on the following:-

Sir F. D. Lugard, Governor-General of Nigeria, and

first Chancellor of the University. (In absentiâ.) Monsieur Finot, Director of the French Institution in Hanoi, founded for the purpose of research in the literature and ancient civilisation of French colonial possessions.

Sir Robert Ho Tung, a merchant of Hongkong, who for many years has been well known for his generous philanthropy and his interest in education. Since the foundation of the University he has been one of its most prominent supporters, among his bene-

ཨི

30

factions being the endowment of a chair of Clinical Surgery.

Dr. Jeme Tien Yeow, a distinguished engineer in China especially in connection with railway construction. Dr. Wu Lien Teh, who, after a brilliant career at Cam- bridge and in medical schools in England and on the Continent, had done much useful work in China including the stamping out of the Plague epidemic in North Manchuria in 1910-11. Captain Pelliot, Military Attaché at the French Legation in Peking, who has achieved great distinction for his investigation into the archæology of Central Asia. He served with the British Army during the earlier stages of the war and was awarded the Military Cross.

Twenty-three graduates in the Faculties of Medicine, Engineer- , ing, and Arts were then presented to the Chancellor, who conferred

degrees upon them.

The Chancellor then addressed those assembled and, after the recipients of Honorary Degrees had returned thanks, declared the Congregation closed.

The ceremony was performed in a dignified manner worthy of the occasion, while the message from the President of the Chinese Republic and the presence of the Civil Governor of Kuangtung did much to enchance the reputation of the University.

10th May, 1917.

CLAUD SEVERN,

Colonial Secretary.

་་

}

Light Dues

Appen

FINANCIAL RETURNS I

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF THE REVENUE AND EXPENI

Revenue for

HEADS OF REVENUE.

Estimates,

Actual Revenue to

same

1916.

31st Dec.,

1916.

period of preceding Year.

Increase.

Decrease.

$

85,000.00

$

75,031.83 75,475.75

$

S

443.92

Light Dues, Special Assessment

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise specified

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes,

and Reimbursements in Aid

***

Post Office

Kowloon-Canton Railway

102,000.00 87,445.72

93,008.43

5,562.71

8,557.165.00 10,564,180.38 9,075,359.04|1,488,821.34

660,985.00

864,964.26

697,079.90

167,884.36

353,500.00 410.930.82 371,081.07 39,849.75

432,600.00 366,215.67 316,696.14 49,519.53

Rent of Government Property, Land and Houses

919,870.00 966,666.62 933,868.55

32,798.07

Interest

Miscellaneous Receipts

100.00

1,091,61

1,091.61

147,790.00 147,288.32 129,260.00

18,028.32

TOTAL, (exclusive of Land Sales)

11,259,010.00 13,483,815.23 11,691,828.88 | 1,797,992.98

6,006.63

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

TOTAL,

Deduct

:

150,000.00 349,571.63 94,277.85 255,293.78

11,409,010.00 13,833,386.86 11,786,106.73 2,053,286.76

6,006.63

6,006.63

Appendix A.

IAL RETURNS FOR THE YEAR 1916.

NUE AND EXPENDITURE FOR THE PERIOD ENDED 30TH DECEMBER,

1916.

_crease.

Decrease.

HEADS OF EXPENDITURE.

Estimates, 1916.

Actual Expenditure to 31st Dec., 1916.

Expenditure for same

period of preceding Year.

Increase.

Decrease.

$

V

443.92 Governor

$ 86,373.00

$

83,708.01 82,351.63 1356.38

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legislature ...

87,201.00

73,638.42 85,380.82

11,742.40

5,562.71

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

57,552.00

54.966.19 53,188.73

1,777-46

Audit Department ..

34,246.00 30,722.02 31,058.99

336.97

5,821.34

Treasury ...

66,006.00 65,360.69 67,693.25

2,332.56

Harbour Master's Department

77,884.36

321,467,00 363,062.94 257,325.24 105,737-70

Imports & Exports Department ...

967,774.00 753,228.85 777,935.52

24,706.67

9,849.75

Royal Observatory

22,899.00 21,977-78 23,233.12

1,255.34

Miscellaneous Services...

1,113,289.00 1,318,494.52 | 1,724,993-78

406,499.26

9,519.53

Judicial and Legal Departments...

281,362.00 253,457.27 268,167.94

14,710.67

32,798.07

1,091.61

8,028.32

Police and Prison Departments

Medical Departments

Sanitary Department

Botanical and Forestry Department

Education

Military Expenditure

Public Works Department

981,319.00 869,859.05 940,214.29

70,355.24

:

:

:

249,769.00 224,653.30

228,200.17

3,546.87

385,598.00 351,967.14 343,903.19

8,063.95

49,216.00 47,325.89 49,404.56

2,078.67

360,082.00

6,970.41

Do.

Recurrent

Do.

Extraordinary

Post Office

17,992.98

6,006.63

321,101.68 328,072.09

2,102,458.00 2,174,833.82 2,151,388.70 23,445.12

455,534.00 401,205.44 399,700.76

580,400.00 634,872.51 558,448.03

1,279,400.00 1,246,871.75 | 1,839,882.01

476,099.00 318,982.54 407,721.09

Kowloon-Canton Railway :-Working Expenses

313,905.00 296,691.63 297,265.97

Expenses of Construction... 386,198.00 198,718.49 3,062,388.59

819,890.00 640,069.15 794,002.86

352,000.00 309,271.62 339,049.40

42,737.00 34,874.12 38,296.81

Do.

$5,293.78

Charge on account of Public Debt

Pensions ...

Charitable Services

1,504.68

66,424.48

593,010.26

88,738.55

574-34

2,863,670.10

153,933-71

29,777.78

3,422.69

53,286.76

6,006.63

6,006.63

TOTAL,

Deduct

11,882,774.00 11,079,914.82 15,149,267.54

208,309.774,277,562.49

208,309.77

Light Dues

Revenue for

HEADS OF REVENUE.

Estimates,

Actual Revenue to

same

1916.

31st Dec., 1916.

period of preceding Year.

Increase.

Decrease.

$

$

85,000.00

75,031.83

75,475-75

443-92

Gove

Light Dues, Special Assessment

Colo

102,000.00 87,445-72 93,008.43

5,562.71

Secre

Licences and Internal Revenue not otherwise specified

8,557.165.00 10,564,180.38 | 9,075,359.04|1,488,821.34

Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes,

and Reimbursements in Aid

Post Office

Kowloon-Canton Railway

Audi

Treć

Harb

660,985.00 864,964.26 697,079.90 167,884.36

Impo

353,500.00 410,930.82 371,081.07 39,849.75

Roy

Misc

432,600.00 366,215.67 316,696.14 49,519.53

Judi

Poli

Rent of Government Property, Land and Houses

919,870.00 966,666.62 933,868.55

32,798.07

Med

Interest

Miscellaneous Receipts

100.00

1,091,61

1,091.61

San

Bot

Edu

147,790.00 147,288.32 129,260.00 18,028.32

Mili

Pub

Pos

TOTAL, (exclusive of Land Sales)

...11,259,010.00 13,483,815.23 11,691,828.88 1,797,992.98

6,006.63

Kow

Land Sales, (Premia on New Leases)

TOTAL,

Deduct

Net...

Cha

150,000.00 349,571.63 94,277.85 255,293.78

Pens

Cha

11,409,010.00 13,833.386.86 11,786,106.732,053,286.76

6,006.63

6,006.63

2,047,280.13

Actual

Estimates,

Expenditure

Expenditure for same

Decrease.

HEADS OF EXPENDITURE.

1916.

to 31st Dec., 1916.

period of preceding Year.

Increase.

Decrease.

$

$

$

443.92

Governor

86,373.00

83,708.01

$ 82,351.63

$

1356.38

Colonial Secretary's Department and Legislature ...

87,201.00

73,638.42 85,380.82

11,742.40

5,562.71

Secretariat for Chinese Affairs

57,552.00

54.966.19 53.188.73

1,777.46

Audit Department ..

:

34,246.00

30,722.02 31,058.99

336.97

Treasury

66,006.00

65,360.69 67,693.25

2,332.56

Harbour Master's Department

321,467.00

363,062.94 257,325.24 105,737-70

+

Imports & Exports Department ...

5

Royal Observatory

967,774.00 753,228.85 777,935.52

22,899.00 21,977.78 23,233.12

24,706.67

1,255.34

Miscellaneous Services...

1,113,289.001,318,494.52 1,724,993.78

406,499.26

3

Judicial and Legal Departments...

281,362.00 253,457.27 268,167.94

14,710.67

>7

51

2222

32

Police and Prison Departments

Medical Departments

Sanitary Department

Botanical and Forestry Department

Education

Military Expenditure

Public Works Department..

Do.

Recurrent

981,319.00 869,859.05 940,214.29

70,355.24

249,769.00 224,653.30 228,200.17

3,546.87

:

:

:

385,598.00

351,967.14

343,903.19

8,063.95

49,216.00 47,325.89 49,404.56

360,082.00 321,101.68 328,072.09

2,078.67

6,970.41

2,102,458.00 2,174,833.82 2,151,388.70

23,445.12

455,534.00 401,205.44 399,700.76

580,400.00

1,504.68

634,872.51 558,448.03

66,424.48

98

Do.

Extraordinary

Post Office

6,006.63

1,279,400.00 | 1,246,871.75 | 1,839,882.01

593,010.26

476,099.00

318,982.54 407.721.09

88,738.55

Kowloon-Canton Railway :-Working Expe:ses

313,905.00

296,691.63 297,265.97

574-34

Do.

Expenses of Construction... 386,198.00

Charge on account of Public Debt

78

Pensions ...

Charitable Services

198,718.49 3,062,388.59

819,890.00 640,069.15 794,002.86

352,000.00 309,271.62 339,049.40

42,737.00 34,874.12 38,296.81

153,933-71

29,777-78

3,422.69

2,863,670.10

76

6,006.63

63

.13

TOTAL,

Deduct

Net

!

11,882,774.00 11,079,914.82 15,149,267.54 208,309.77 4,277,662.49

208,309.77

4,069,352.72

Appendix A (1).

REPORT ON THE FINANCES FOR THE YEAR 1916.

REVENUE.

The total revenue for the year amounted to $13,833,387 being $2,424,377 in excess of the estimate and $2,047,280 more than the revenue in 1915. Compared with that year there were increases under all the heads except Light Dues. The Railway was an ad- ditional disappointment in comparison with the estimate for the year itself.

2. The principal sub-heads showing real increases over the estimate are as follows:-

(a) Sunday Cargo Working Permits,

(b) Liquor Duties,

(e) Opium Monopoly,.

$ 51,000 163,000 1,560,000

(d) Stamp Duties,

(e) Land Sales,

(f) Tobacco Duties,

66,000

200,000

211,180

The increases are due under (a) to the shortage of shipping, (b) to increase in rates of duty, (e) to rise in sale price of opium, (d) to more Probate Duty, and (e) to land having been more in demand than expected; whereas (f) is an entirely new item.

3. The principal decreases were :—-

(a) Light Dues,

(b) Liquor Licences,

(e) Railway,...

(d) Conservancy Contracts,

$24,500

16,000

66,000

35.000

Of these, (a) was due to the shortage of shipping, (b) to fewer applications, (e) to disturbances in Kwongtung, and (d) to the default of the late Contractor who was largely in arrear with his payments owing to disturbances in Kwongtung.

EXPENDITURE.

4. The total expenditure brought to account amounted to $11,079,915, being $802,859 less than the estimate, and $4,069,353 less than the expenditure in 1915. Compared with the estimates there were decreases under 21 heads as against 4 heads where there were increases. The excess, amounting to $41,595 under Harbour Department was on acccount of purchase of Buoys postponed from 1915, and to extraordinary repairs to the "Stanley", and that of $205,205 under Miscellaneous Services to loss on exchange and transport of prisoners to Australia.

Military expenditure was larger by $72,375 on account of the excess revenue in 1915 and Public Works Recurrent accounted for an extra sum of $44,472, chiefly arising from Typhoon and Storm Damages and repairs to the dredger St. Enoch.

A (1) 2

Decreases in Pensions ($52,728), Public Debt ($179,820), and in nearly all Departments were chiefly due to the rising exchange while. the one on account of Railway (Construction Expenses $187,479) was chiefly due to postponement of works to 1917.

5. The revenue for the year exceeded the expenditure by a sum of $2,753,472; with the result that the debit balance of $452,687 at the end of 1915 became a surplus of $2,300,785 at the end of the year.

6. The following statement shows the Liabilities and Assets on the 30th December, 1916:-

LIABILITIES.

$59

C.

ASSETS.

$

C.

Deposits not Available Postal Agencies...

Overdraft, Crown Agents' Current Ac-

count

674,573.47 Subsidiary Coins

25,720.62 Advances

Imprest

House Service Account

829.33 Crown Agents' Deposit

Account

Total Liabilities... 701,123.42 Unallocated Stores,

Balance

282,283,66

124,658.73

240.35

6,586.21

1,202,162.15

(P.W.D.)...

290,032.26

Stores,

(Railway) Coal Account Balance, Bank

145,999.05

93,258.00

856,688.21

Total.....$ 3,001,908.62

...2,300,785.20 Unallocated

Total.....$ 3,001,908.62

7. The following table shows the Revenue and Expenditure during the last five years :-

Revenue,

Expenditure, Surplus,

Deficit,

1912.

$9

1913. 1914.

1915.

1916.

$

$

$

$

8,180,694 8,512,309 11,007,273 11,786,107 13,833,386 7,202,543 8,658,013 10,756,225 15,149,268 11,079,914

978,851

251,048

2,753,472

145,704

3,363,161

PUBLIC DEBT.

8. The Inscribed Stock Loans of 1893 and 1906 amount to £1,485,732 and the contributions to the Sinking Fund with accrued interest total £233,784 being £22,929 more than the amount at credit of that fund at the end of 1915.

Towards the end of the year an Ordinance was passed (No. 12 of 1916) to raise a loan of $3,000,000 as a War Contribution to the Imperial Government. Of this $2,250,000 was paid up on the 30th December last.

GENERAL REMARKS.

9. The only alterations of importance during 1916 in the revenue system or in taxation were the raising of the rates for pre- pared opium in February and again in April, and of the duty on liquors in March. Tobacco duties were imposed for the first time in July.

A (1) 3

10. The total receipts and payments in the Treasury books during the year were $30,644,075 and $27,382,796 respectively. The figures not accounted for under revenue and expenditure relate to transactions under various heads such as Deposits, Advances, Subsidiary Coin, Unallocated Stores, etc.

11. Subsidiary coins in stock on the 30th December were as follows:

50 cents,

20

5

1

Copper,

$ 9,642.00

123,415.20

142,066.40

21,297.96

$296,421.56

Against this however there was an advance by the Bank of $14,137.90 in 10 cent pieces which makes the balance of the stock on the above date $282,283.66.

Coins were demonetized to the face value of $5,028,000 all in ten cent pieces during the year. The balance of coins in circulation is now $21,264,370.

12. The discount on subsidiary coin compared with the Silver Dollar entirely disappeared in the latter half of 1916. The maximum discount in each case earlier in the year was as follows:-

50 cent-pieces 7 per cent.

10

20

10

"

"

10

"

9

">

5

Copper.

2

""

par.

There was also a complete change in the relation between Silver Dollars and Bank Notes. Whereas in 1915 the premium on the latter ranged from 4% to 10%, the great demand for silver in Europe and elsewhere caused notes to fall to par value towards the close of the

year.

13. The local circulation in December of notes of the three Banks having authorized issues was as follows:-

Hongkong & Shanghai Bank,

Chartered Bank of India, Australia & China, Mercantile Bank of India,

$25,025,355

7,765,117

950,577

$33,741,049

14. The rate of exchange for the Estimates was taken at 19 whereas the average rate for purposes of conversion in the Treasury books was 2/14.

A. M. THOMSON,

30th March, 1917.

Treasurer.

Appendix B.

REPORT ON THE ASSESSMENT FOR THE YEAR 1917-1918.

}

M

1. His Excellency the Governor in Council, under Section 8 of the Rating Ordinance, No. 6 of 1901, ordered the existing valuation for 1916-1917 to be adopted as the Valuation for 1917-1918. During the past year no general Assessment has been made, the difference in Rateable Value being the result of Interim-assessments and Appeals.

2. The City of Victoria. The Rateable Value has increased from $11,687,605 to $11,766,775, an addition of $79,170 or 0'67 per cent.

3. The Hill District.-The Rateable Value has increased from $323,100 to $325,570, an addition of $2,470 or 0.76 per cent.

4. Shaukiwan, Saiwanho, and Quarry Bay.-The Rateable Value has increased from $386,186 to $394,193, an addition of $8,007 or 2.07%.

5. Hongkong Villages.-The Rateable Value has increased from $205,232 to $211,557, an addition of $6,325 or 3'08 per cent.

6. Kowloon Point.-The Rateable Value has increased from $619,365 to $632,665, an addition of $13,300 or 2·14 per cent.

7. Yaumati.-The Rateable Value has increased from $350,795 to $351,365, an addition of $570 or 0.16 per cent.

8. Mongkokisui.-The Rateable Value has increased from $211,130 to $224,025, an addition of $12,895 or 6·10 per cent.

9. Hunghom and Hokun.-The Rateable Value has decreased from $298,805 to $298,645, a reduction of $160 or 0.05 per cent.

10. Kowloon Villages.—The Rateable Value has increased from $93,816 to $94,351, an addition of $535 or 0.57 per cent.

11. New Kowloon.--The Rateable Value has increased from $106,152 to $111,007, an addition of $4,855 or 4:57 per cent.

12. The Whole Colony.-The Rateable Value has increased from $14,282,186 to $14,410,153, an addition of $127,967 or 0.89 per cent.

B 2

13. Interim Valuations.-Between 1st July, 1916, and 1st March, 1917, 421 Interim Valuations were made as follows :-

City of Victoria.

Rest of Colony.

New or rebuilt tenements

and tenements structur- ally altered,

Assessments

No. Rateable Value. No. | Rateable Value.

$

$

149

114,325 156

68,015

cancelled,

tenements resumed, pull-

ed down or being in

other respects not rate-

able,

51

26,750

65

16,303

No. and Increase,. 200 $87,575 221

$51,712

14. Appeals.--In 22 Appeals against the adopted assessments of 57 tenements reductions aggregating $11,320 in Rateable Value were made by Order of the Court.

15. Vacant Tenements.-The number of tenements reported to be vacant averaged about 110 monthly as compared with 220 last

year.

16. The following Table gives a comparison of the Assessments for 1916-1917 and 1917-1918 :-

District.

Valuation Valuation 1916-1917. 1917-1918.

Increase.

Per cent.

$

The City of Victoria,

Hill District and

Hongkong Villages,

11,687,605

$ 11,766,775

$

%

79,170 0.67

914,518

931,320

16,802 1.83

Kowloon Point and

Kowloon Villages,...

1,680,063

1,712,058

31,995

1.90

Total,......$ 14,282,186

14,410,153

127,967 0.89

1

1

1

1

k

B 3

17. Comparative Statement showing the Rateable Value of the Colony of Hongkong in each of the ten years from 1908-1909 to 1917-1918 inclusive :-

Increase Decrease

Year.

Value.

vious year. vious

year.

Rateable as compared as compared in Rateable Value as

with pre- with pre-

Percentage of

Increase or Decrease

compared with the

previous year.

$

$

$

%

1908-09,

10,816,753

100,580

0.93 Increase.

1909-10,

10,750,902

65,851

0.60 Decrease.

1910-11,

11,082,179 331,277

3:08 Increase.

1911-12,

11,161,290 79,211

0.71 do.

1912-13,

12,312,306 1,150,916

10:31

do.

1913-14,

12,435,812 123,506

1:03 do.

1914-15,

14,410,103 1,974,291

15.87 do.

1915-16,

14,287,285

122,818

0.85 Decrease.

1916-17,

14,282,186

5,099

1917-18,

14,410,153 127,967

0.03 do. 0.89 Increase.

18. There has been no change in the Staff. Mr. So Shing-hon and Mr. Chu Tsau-hing have discharged their duties as Clerk and Interpreter respectively to my entire satisfaction.

ASSESSOR'S OFFICE.

3rd May, 1917.

A. CHAPMAN,

Assessor.

Appendix C.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS FOR THE YEAR 1916.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

(Tables I and II.) REVENUE.

1. The revenue derived from all sources during the year was $9,236 more than that for 1915 by $4,164. The increase was mainly due to the issue of more Chinese Boarding House Licences with the new scale of licence fees, Marriage Licences, Emigration Passage Brokers' Licences (the issue of which was undertaken by this Department after the passing of the Asiatic Emigration Ordinance 1915), Certificates to Chinese going to the United States of America, Registrations of Societies, and Forfeitures. There were two items which shewed slight decreases, viz., fees for official signatures and fees for non-resident householder's bonds.

EXPENDITURE.

2. The total expenditure was $54,966 as compared with $53,188 in 1915 and fell short of the estimate by $2,585. The increase was mainly due to stipulated increments to various officers.

PROTECTION OF WOMEN AND GIRLS.

(Table III.)

Women and Girls Protection Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.

Po Leung Kuk Incorporation Ordinance No. 6 of 1893.

3. The number of persons detained under warrant and sent direct to the Po Leung Kuk during the year was 288, as compared with 168 in 1915; the action taken in each case (as also in those cases not decided at the end of 1915) is shown in Table III. The number of women whose detention was found unnecessary, and who were allowed to leave after investigation, was 238 or 83.3% as compared with 82.1% in 1915: 31 were sent to their native places; 5 remained awaiting marriage; 1 was married; 5 were. restored to relatives; while 8 cases were still under consideration on December 31st.

4. Two names were added to the list of girls under bond to report themselves annually, half-yearly or quarterly to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs, a precaution taken to guard against their being forced into prostitution. The names of 46 girls were struck

C 2

off the list, of whom 5 were married, 38 sent back to their relatives, and 3 returned to the Po Leung Kuk. The number of names on the list on 31st December, 1916, was 26 as compared with 70 on January 1st, 1916.

5. The number of persons reported by Hongkong residents to the Po Leung Kuk as missing during the year was 144 of whom 75 were found. These figures show a marked improvement com- pared with those for 1915: 121 and 21. The total number of persons reported missing, including reports from China and Macao, was 173 of whom 81 were found, as compared with 25 out of 212 in 1915.

EMIGRATION.

Asiatic Emigration Ordinance No. 30 of 1915. (i.)-EMIGRATION OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN, (FREE). (Table IV.)

6. The number of women and children passengers examined and allowed to proceed was 24,378 (women 15,664, girls 2,013, and boys under sixteen 6,701) as compared with 13,489 in 1915. These figures are only slightly below the pre-war level, for in 1913 the number was 26,080. The great increase compared with last year is due partly to the removal of the prohibition on deck passengers' immigration which was in force at Singapore in 1915, and partly to the disturbances in Kwangtung. The only decline is shown in the figures for Siam, the Netherlands Indies, and South America.

7. The record of the occupations of women emigrants over sixteen shows that out of a total of 15,664, 5,092 were going to join relatives, 3,830 were going with husbands or other relatives, 715 gave their occupation as tailoresses, 892 as prostitutes, 74 as market gardeners, and 5,048 stated they were going to "do work", some as maid-servants, some on plantations, and others in tin mines, etc. There were also 3 teachers, 5 hair-dressers, and 5 nuns.

8. Ninety-three or 38% of the total number of women and chil- dren emigrants were detained for enquiries as against 48 or 36% in 1915. Of these $2 were allowed to proceed after enquiry; and of the remainder, who were kept temporarily in the Po Leung Kuk, 1 was restored to her husband, 7 were sent to their native places, and 3 remained in the Po Leung Kuk at the end of the year, 2 of them awaiting marriage, and 1 being a case under consideration.

9. There were 8 applications for the recovery of women who had emigrated. One application was dropped; in three cases the 4 women missing returned and were restored to relatives; and in the remaining cases, of the 4 women missing, 2 could not be located and 2 refused to return. 21 women sent back from the Straits Settlements on suspicion, or returning of their own accord, were given assistance in proceeding to their homes. 14 women who had gone to the Straits Settlements to practise prostitution were

C 3

sent back as being too young. In addition, one application was made for the return of a missing boy who, however, could not be traced; and one boy was sent back by the Straits Settlements Government.

10. Prosecutions under the Women and Girls Protection Ordinance undertaken by this office numbered 6 with 4 convictions. as compared with 6 cases and 1 conviction in 1915.

(ii.)-MALE EMIGRATION, (ASSISTED). (Table V.)

11. Assisted emigration this year reached a volume actually exceeding that attained before the war. The total number of assisted emigrants presented for examination was 25,357, of whom 17,665 were passed and allowed to proceed, compared with 7,618 and 5,764 in 1915. In 1913 the assisted emigrants who were passed numbered 16,951. The number of those who on examina- tion expressed themselves as unwilling to emigrate was 204 or 80%, a slight increase on last year's figure of 62%. The total number rejected in Hongkong as unfit for labour was 378, all of whom were sent back to their homes through the Tung Wa Hospital at the expense of the Boarding Houses which recruited them. The most marked feature of assisted emigration is the great increase in the number of coolies going to Banka and Billiton compared with those going to Singapore. Emigration to Banka continued throughout the year; 5,019 coolies left Hongkong for that place. Emigration to Billiton proceeded from February to May and was resumed in December; the number of coolies leaving Hongkong was 3,241. This increase in the Dutch Indies emigra- tion is offset by a decline in emigration to Singapore; compared with the figures of the last year preceding the war; this decline amounts to 3,384.

12. Assisted emigration to British North Borneo was again practically non-existent, only a batch of 20 being passed during the year.

13. During the year, at the request of the Fiji Government, which desired to prevent the importation of undesirables, the supervision and scrutiny of Chinese free emigration from Hong- kong to Fiji was taken in hand. 204 emigrants, almost all adult males, but including a few women and children, were passed under the arrangement made with the Fiji Government.

14. No decrepit coolies from the Straits Settlements were dealt with, the Police having taken over this work.

15. 58 decrepits or destitute repatriates were sent back from Sandakan and 62 from Jesselton as compared with 252 and 72 respectively in 1915. 44 coolies, decrepit or declared unfit for work on arrival, were sent back from the wolfram mines at Tavoy through Penang. One of the Tavoy coolies absconded while

C 4

waiting to be sent home, and another died; and a decrepit from Jesselton died in hospital. With these exceptions, all were sent home through the Tung Wa and Kwong Wa Hospitals.

16. One coolie was returned from Banka at his employer's expense, being considered unfit for work.

17. During the year 13 applications for the redemption and repatriation of assisted emigrants from the Straits Settlements and elsewhere were received by this office. Eight of the emigrants con- cerned were traced and sent back, 2 refused to return. One earning good wages in Tavoy was allowed to stay there till his contract should expire, 1 died in Singapore, 1 was redeemed and handed over to his relative in Singapore, and I could not be found.

In connection with the question of redemption expenses, mentioned in last year's report, an arrangement has now been made with the Singapore Government that during the present abnormal conditions the cost of redemption of coolies not under agreement shall be $22 plus 40 cents for each day they stay in Singapore plus the cost of a deck passage to Hongkong.

18. Classification of Assisted Emigrants by the language spoken gives the following figures:-

Cantonese,

Hakka,

Hoklo,

Hainanese,

Southern Mandarin (mostly from

14,014

8,276

329

989

Kwong Sai and Hunan), ... .. 1,749

Total,....

25,357

19. From the beginning of May, 1916, 29 assisted boarding house licences (3 new) were issued, and from the beginning of August, pending the passing of new Boarding House Regulations, 47 temporary hotel licences for 6 months (1 new) were issued. The former had accommodation for 1,459 boarders and the latter for 4,497.

20. In Government Notification No. 341 of 4th August, 1916, it was laid down that all Boarding House Licences should expire on the 1st November following their issue. This made new licences necessary from that date and at the close of the year 25 hotel licences and 6 assisted boarding house licences had been issued. The issue of these licences was still in progress at the end of the year.

21. During the year two assisted boarding houses were closed, one for non-payment of rent and the other because of failure in business.

22. The Tai Yik Boarding House Licence was cancelled because the licensee left the Colony without permission. The

K

C 5

Kwong Hung Shang Boarding House was fined $100 for not entering an emigrant on its register. The licensee of the Chung Wo Boarding House was fined $50 for absenting himself from the Colony without permission; and the Kwong On was fined $25 for having lodgers in excess of the licensed number.

23. During the first half year 10 licences (at $2 each) for removal of premises or transfer of name were issued under the old by-laws, and in the last half year 6 licences (at $5 each) for removal of premises, for transfer of name of licensee, or for additional floors were issued under the new by-laws.

24. During the year one passage broker's licence was issued, valid for 6 months only, under the new Emigration Ordinance, No. 30 of 1915.

25. A much needed consolidation and revision of the pro- clamations issued since 1856 prescribing the duration of voyages from Hongkong to other ports as reckoned for the purposes of the Emigration Ordinances was carried through during the year.

REGULATION OF CHINESE.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.

(i.)-REGISTRATION OF HOUSEHOLDERS.

26. 2,379 householders were registered: of these 196 were first registration. (In 1915 the number were 1,888 and 167.) 7,739 changes of tenancy were also notified for registration as against 4,318 in 1915: this increase may be accounted for partly by the influx of refugees from Canton and partly by the effect of Ordinance No. 24 of 1913 which abolished the fee previously required on every such notification.

27. The number of Chinese business men in Victoria and Kowloon offering themselves as sureties to Government Depart- ments, and reported on by this Office, was 1,076 as against 934 in

1915.

28. Bonds were required to be registered by 2 non-resident householders as against 8 in 1915. 55 certified extracts from the Registers were issued as against 61 in 1915. 5 Duplicate House- holders' Certificates were issued as against 6 in 1915 while 24 Householders' Removal Certificates were issued as against 48 in 1915.

(ii.)--DISTRICT WATCHMEN.

(Table VI.)

29. The District Watch Committee met on 14 occasions, the average attendance being 11. Their disinterested advice on questions of all kinds affecting the Chinese Community has, as before, proved of the greatest value to the Government,

C.6

30. Messrs. Leung Pui-chi, Chan Lok-chun, Ho Kom-tong and Wong Kam-fuk were re-appointed by His Excellency the Governor for a further term of 5 years.

31. The balance to the credit of the District Watchmen Fund at the end of the year was $24,844 as compared with $18,695 on January 1st, the income thus exceeding the expenditure by $6,149. The total expenditure, $24,340 as compared with $28,667 in 1915, showed a decrease of well over $4,000 due to the fact that no new constructional work was undertaken during the year, whereas in 1915 the expenditure included most of the cost of construction of the new District Watchmen's Quarters in Yaumati.

32. The total strength of the District Watchmen Force at the end of the year was 100, compared with 99 on January 1st. The approved strength is 100. No vacancies occurred from any cause during the year, and the vacancy at the beginning of the year was filled up by the enlistment of a recruit.

33. The number of convictions secured by members of the force was 213 as compared with 167 in 1915 and 109 in 1914.

(iii.)-PERMITS.

34. 639 permits to fire crackers were issued (456 in 1915), 448 of these being on the occasion of marriage.

35. Other permits issued were religious ceremonies 33; and 181 to hold theatricals in permanent houses or temporary buildings.

MARRIAGES.

Ordinance No. 7 of 1875 and No. 6 of 1903.

36. The number of marriages solemnised during the year was 128 as compared with 154 in 1915. The number contracted at the Registrar's Office was 16. In 1915 it was 18.

CERTIFICATES OF IDENTITY TO CHINESE ENTERING THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1898.

37. Sixteen certificates were issued to Chinese to enter the United States of America, and three to enter the Philippine Islands. These certificates are limited to Chinese British Subjects resident in Hongkong.

1

BRITISH BORN SUBJECT CERTIFICATES.

38. There were 11 applications for these certificates, 5 of which were granted

39. No naturalisation papers were granted to Chinese during the year.

REGISTRATION OF BOOKS.

Ordinance No. 2 of 1888.

40. Fifty-two books were registered during the year as com- pared with nine in 1915.

TUNG WA HOSPITAL.

Ordinances No. 1 of 1870, No. 9 of 1904, and

No. 10 of 1908 (Man Mo Temple).

(Tables VII to XII.)

41. The following gentlemen were elected to form the Com-

mittee for 1917:

Wong Pik-chun, Chairman.

Lui Yam-sun.

Yeung Sui-wong.

Tam Hok-ping.

Chau Ngan-ting. Lo Shun-wan. Tong Yan-po.

Mok Kon-sang,

Li Sheung-im. Chau Chung-pang, Cheng Chung-ping. Lam Yik-hung.

San To-hing.

So Chun-ling.

of whom the first three named are in charge of the hospital finances.

42. The 1916 Directorate under the Chairmanship of Mr. Yu King-shu carried on the work of previous years quietly and successfully. The year was a normal one, with little outside the ordinary business of the institution to claim attention. The balance sheet for the year (ie., the Ping Shan Chinese year extending from February 3rd, 1916, to January 23rd, 1917, a total of 355 days) showed a credit balance of $35,626.

43. The expenditure was $148,652 as compared with $89,808 in the previous year, but this increase was almost entirely due to the purchase of British War Loan Stock to the amount of $50,000. If this sum be deducted, the expenditure will amount to $98,652, showing a daily average of $277.89 as against $252.98 in 1915. The total income was $101,634 as against $117,284 in 1915 but it must be noted that in 1915 the funds of the Hospital were swelled to the extent of over $16,000 by benefit performances at the Chinese Theatres which were not held in the year under review. The actual surplus on the year's working thus amounted to $2,982. 44. The following items on the receipt side show increases:—

Interest,

Contribution to mortuary expenses,

Sale of medicines, etc.,

Contribution from theatres,

...

...$3,500 2,800 1,800

1,900

but subscriptions and premium on notes show a falling off of about

$5,700.

45. On the expenditure side, items for repairs show a decrease of $3,100 and subscriptions to other hospitals were cut down by $1,200. Most of the other items show increases, the most note- worthy being "Expenses of the Small-pox Hospital" $2,720, compared with $815 in 1915, which is explained by the small-pox epidemic.

46. The total number of in-patients admitted during 1916 was 5,248, as compared with 4,557 in 1915 and 4,472 in 1914. Of these, 2,067 or 39 37% (as against 38.45% in the previous year) elected to be treated by European methods. The out-patients numbered 133,022 as against 116,885 in 1915 (102,158 in 1914) and of these 18,002 or 13.5% (as against 11.2% in 1914) chose European treatment.

47. The number of surgical operations performed was 244 as compared with 208 in 1915. There were also 123 Eye Operations performed as against 98 in 1915.

48. The number of destitutes temporarily housed and then sent to their homes was 745 (777 in 1915), most of whom were sent to the hospital from this Office.

49. Of the charitable funds managed by the hospital, the Emergency and Man Mo Temple funds (Tables X and XI) were administered on the same lines as in previous years and do not call for comment both showing a balance of receipts over expenditure for the year.

50. The balance sheet of the Brewin Charity as set out in Table XII is again very satisfactory. The income for the year exceeded the expenditure by $2,186.

The amount spent in gratuities and pensions to deserving widows was $1,772 as compared with $1,344 in 1915 and $1,060 in 1914. Further grants are under consideration.

KWONG WA HOSPITAL.

(Tables XIII and XIV.)

51. This hospital again did excellent work during 1916 and the number of patients treated shows a marked increase.

52. In all 2,405 patients were admitted (as against 1,821 in 1915) of whom 1,305 or 54% (as against 53% in 1915 and 42:6% in 1914) came under European treatment while 1,100 elected to be treated by Chinese methods.

53. The total number of out-patients treated was 31,914 as against 23,449 in 1915 and of these 21,463 elected to receive European treatment. This gives a percentage of 67.2 as against 65.9 in 1915 and 40 in 1914.

3

54. The total expenditure of the hospital for the Ping Shan Chinese year was $57,997, which includes à refund of $27,896 to the Tung Wa-the net expenditure being $30,101 as against $23,079 in 1915. Among the receipts appears a payment of

+

:

C 9

$21,450 from the Tung Wa Hospital; if this be subtracted from the receipts, the net income is shown to be $19,071, an amount less than the net expenditure by $11,000.

CHINESE PUBLIC DISPENSARIES AND PLAGUE HOSPITALS.

(Tables XV to XX.)

55. The total number of cases treated at the Dispensaries dur- ing the year was 105,964 compared with 89,243 in 1915. Of this total 60,607 were new and 45,357 return cases.

56. The number of vaccinations performed shows a very great increase owing to the small-pox epidemic at the end of the year, 22,120 as against 5,203 in 1915, of which the Western Dis- pensary alone performed 6,864.

57. The total expenditure on the Dispensaries was $32,349 as compared with $32,620 in 1915. As was the case last year, this sum includes exceptional expenses, viz., $3,173 part cost of con- struction of the Amalgamated Harbour and Yaumati Dispensary, described in last year's annual report, which was opened by His Excellency the Governor on 26th January, 1916. The mainten- ance of the three Dispensaries-Victoria, Shaukiwan, and Yaumati

-cost $29,176 as against $27,577 for the previous year.

58. The revenue of the Dispensaries, excluding the balance of $28,856 from 1915 amounted to $43,727 as against $37,177 in 1915 and thus exceeded the expenditure by $11,378. In view of the heavy expenditure on the Amalgamated Harbour and Yaumati Dispensary, the financial position is extremely satisfactory.

59. Of the four Kowloon Peninsula Dispensaries, one, that at Yaumati, is amalgamated with the Harbour Dispensary, its balance of $3,431 being transferred to the Kwong Wa Hospital account. The other three, at Hunghom, Kowloon City, and Sham Shui Po, all show an excess of income over expenditure, and their respective credit balances have risen from $875, $156, and $1,341 in 1915 to $1,966, $241, and $1,323 in 1916.

60. The number of dead and dying infants brought to the Dispensaries was 2,133 as compared with 1,372 in 1915.

61. The number of infants under five years brought in to be treated shows an increase, 13,350 being treated as against 12,075 in 1915, and 9,068 in 1914. When the small-pox epidemic is taken into account, the comparatively slight increase in 1916 makes it clear that the Chinese prefer to treat small-pox among their children at home rather than to take them to public institu- tions.

62. 1,605 corpses were removed to hospital or mortuary as against 1,074 in 1915. 866 (as against 519) applications were received for coffins and on 405 occasions (as against 212 in 1915) was attendance necessary at the cleansing of infected premises. The increase in the figures is to be explained by the small-pox epidemic.

C 10

63. The Plague Hospitals in the Eastern and Western Dis- tricts and at the Kowloon City report that no cases of any kind were admitted, whether plague or ordinary cases.

64. The small-pox epidemic which was still raging at the end of the year was one of the worst that has ever visited the Colony. In combating it the Chinese Public Dispensaries-especially the Western Dispensary under the energetic control of Mr. S. W. Tsó and his Committee-did excellent work. The vaccination cam- paign that was instituted succeeded beyond expectations in over- coming Chinese scruples with the result that more than a third of the native population were vaccinated.

65. The number of bodies considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year was 1,051, as compared with 467 in 1915 and 714 in 1914. The monthly figure varied between 38 (in January) and 226 (in December). The percentage of these "dumpings

dumpings" to the whole number of Chinese deaths was 10-15% (Table XIX).

Of the 1,051 bodies abandoned, 521 were taken to the Chinese Public Dispensaries.

The number of bodies reported by the Police as dumped dur- ing the year was 570 (Table XX).

66. Table XVIII compiled from statistics in the Sanitary Department shews the number of death certificates issued in pro- portion to the total number of Chinese deaths, and the number of cases in which post mortem examinations were held.

67. The percentage of cases in which the cause of death was certified was 421. In 1915 it was 427 and in 1914, 51.

68. The particulars set out in tabular form below are of some interest as indicating the attitude of the Chinese towards plague and small-pox :--

B

4

Removed

Disease. Cases.

to

Treat- ed at Hospital. Home. Hospital.

Died in

Reco- vered,

Report- ed after death.

Percentage of column 7 to column 2.

1914

Small-pox, 110

91

72

19

Plague, 2,146

1,317

54

1,191

126

19 775

17.3 36.1

1915

Small-pox 34

13

8

Plague,

144

25

1

21

16 1

21

61.7

118

$1.9

1916

Small-pox, 712

205

76

77

502

70.5

Plague,

39

10

29

74.4

C 11

TRANSLATION WORK DONE IN THE SECRETARIAT FOR CHINESE AFFAIRS DURING THE YEAR 1916.

Translation from Chinese

into English.

Translation from English into Chinese.

Petitions,

84

Ordinances,..

2

Letters,

118

Regulations,

24

Newspaper articles and

Government notices,

92

items of news,.......

143

Minutes,

5

Unspecified,

178

Unspecified,

44

Total,......

523

Total, ........ 167

69. The total number of translations done by the translator was thus 690 as against 631 in 1915 and 675 in 1914.

70. In addition, a large number of translations made in other Government Departments are sent to this office for revision. Much translation work is done by members of the staff other than the translator, but of this no record is kept.

CHINESE RECREATION GROUND.

(Table XXI.)

71. The income from the stalls has fallen slightly, $3,552 as against $3,614 in 1915, but the balance has increased from $3,936 to $6,804, extensive and costly improvements having been complet- ed in the previous year.

PASSAGE MONEY FUND.

(Table XXII.)

72. The net income of the fund was $5,172 and the total expenditure $384, compared with $915 and $280 last year. The increased income is due to the repayment of the endowment fund of the Eyre Diocesan Refuge, which item amounts to $4,250. The interest on this capital sum remains earmarked for the support of the Eyre Memorial Refuge in Kowloon City.

O 12

REGULATION OF CLUBS AND SOCIETIES.

Ordinance No. 47 of 1911.

73. During the year 40 applications for registration or exemption from registration under the Ordinance were received and considered. Eight clubs and societies were exempted from regis- tration by notice in the Gazette, while 20 were required to register. In one case permission to register was refused on the ground specified in section 4 of the Ordinance; 9 clubs were found to comprise less than 10 members and did not therefore come under the Ordinance. In the remaining two cases no action was taken and the clubs con- cerned voluntarily dissolved.

One society exempted in previous years but lately discovered to be non-existent was declared in the Gazette to have ceased to exist and was struck off the register.

ORDINANCES.

74. The only Ordinance affecting the Chinese which was passed during 1916 was No. 10, the Tobacco Ordinance, making tobacco a dutiable article and putting the tobacco trade on the same footing as the liquor trade.

GENERAL.

75. Under the terms of the Deportation Ordinance, 1914, reports were furnished on 272 suspects arrested by the Police under warrants of detention. The figure in 1915 was 298.

76. Reports were also furnished on numerous other criminals recommended by the Police for banishment on the expiration of their sentences who claimed to be Hongkong born.

77. In the summer owing to what practically amounted to civil war in the neighbourhood of Canton, the Colony as in 1913 was inundated with a flood of refugees. These are estimated to have numbered 100,000. One of the local missions approached the office with a view to helping Christian converts among these to find shelter, but the trouble subsided before the difficulty became acute.

78. With the help of the Chinese Chamber of Commerce and through other channels a number of pamphlets and booklets in Chinese supporting the Allied cause were distributed both in Hong- kong and in the interior.

79. Labour Troubles.-The only serious labour trouble during the year was a strike of the boilermakers-chiefly unskilled labour -at the Hunghom Docks. These men had long had a guild, the Hop Wo Tong, which became so powerful that it was able to force a strike, with the object of monopolising the work in the yard and of limiting output, which was not generally popular and was only kept going by means of "picketing" and intimidation.

The

M

C 13

Government was obliged to intervene and by its action the cessation of the strike and the freedom in the yard of piece work were secured.

A section of the coal coolies in Wanchai and Yaumati also struck work but were easily replaced.

STAFF.

Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

80. Mr. E. R. Hallifax was on sick leave from 25th January to 20th February. Mr. D. W. Tratman acted in addition to his other duties during the period.

Chief Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

81. Mr. D. W. Tratman acted as Head of the Sanitary Depart- ment throughout the year. Mr. R. E. Lindsell acted as Chief Assistant from the 1st January to the 20th April and from the 13th November to the 31st December and Mr. A. E. Wood acted from the 21st April to the 12th November.

Second Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

$2. Mr. A. E. Wood acted as District Officer from the 1st January to the 20th April and as Chief Assistant from the 21st April to the 12th November and was seconded to Japan to study Japanese on the 13th November. Mr. W. Schofield acted as Second Assistant to the Secretary for Chinese Affairs throughout the year.

Third Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

83. Mr. R. E. Lindsell acted as Chief Assistant from the 1st January to the 20th April and from the 13th November to the 31st December and as Assistant Postmaster General from the 24th April to the 12th November.. Mr. E. W. Hamilton acted as Third Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs from the 1st January to the 20th April and from the 24th April to the 12th November, after which date no officer has been appointed to act as Third Assistant to Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Second Grade Interpreter.

84. Mr. Fung Hon was promoted to the post of Assistant Interpreter, Supreme Court, on the 1st June.

Sergeant under the Emigration Ordinance.

85. Sergeant A. P. Purden reverted to this duty on the 22nd January after being employed at the Prisoners of War Camp at Hunghom.

15th June, 1917,

E. R. HALLIFAX, Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

K

Table I.

Revenue for the years 1915 and 1916.

*

- C 14-

Heads of Revenue.

Details of Revenue.

Ordinance under which received.

Revenue in

1915.

Revenne in

1916.

Increase.

Decrease.

C.

$

C.

$

ረ.

Fees of

Court

or

Licences and Internal Revenue not other- wise specified,

Chinese Boarding House Licences. Marriage Licences,

Emigration Passage Brokers' Licences, Forfeitures,

Certificates to Chinese entering U.S.A., Contribution from Chinese Dispensaries, &c., for Clerical Assistance,

No. 1 of 1889 & No. 4 of 1908. No. 7 of 1875 & No. 15 of 1902. No. 30 of 1915.

3,581

714

*

5,112

*

1,528

876

162

100

100

2,000

2,000

No. 3 of 1898.

300

875

575

240

240

Office, Payments for

Specific Purposes, and

ments-in-aid,...........................

Householders' Registration,

No. 3 of 18SS.

Reimburse-

Bond by Non-resident Householders,

40

10

30

";

Official Signatures,

No. 14 of 1913.

138

Registration of Societies,

No. 47 of 1911.

55

124 ·

100

14

45

Interest,

Interest accrued on official account,

3

6

Miscellaneous,

Refunds, etc.,

Other Miscellaneous

Receipts,.

Permits for Firework Displays,

30

30

Total,.

5,072.07

9.236.95

1,418.88

284

284.00

Deduct Decrease,

Total Increase in 1916,

4,164.88

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

K

C 15

Table II,

Revenue and Expenditure of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs since 1907.

Year.

Kevenue.

Expenditure.

Total. Decrease. Increase. Total. Decrease. Increase.

Percent- age of Expen- diture to Revenue.

C.

C.

$

*

C.

$ c.

b.

$ c.

%

1907, .... 163,261.13 14,203.08

35,030.88

1,316.58

21.82

1908,

164,459.99

1,198.86 43,848.51

8,217.63

26 66

1909, 104,138.88 60,321.11

1910,... 15,492.12 88,616.76

43,793.61

54.90

42.05

42,162.81

1,330.80

27409

1911, ...

1912,

14,518.19

14,257.54 260.65

973.93

49,217.74

6,754.93 339-01

45,521.01

3,696.53

319-28

1913,

10,645.58 3,611.96

41,674.04 3,816.97

391:47

1914,

7,258.101 3,387.48

51.178.01

9.504.00 705-12

1915, ..

5,072.07 2,186.03

58,188.78

2,010.69 1,048-66

1916,

9,236.95

4,164.SS 54,966.19

1.777.46 595.07

Table III.

Total.

Number of Women and Girls detained in a Place of Refuge by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under Sections 34 and 35 of Ordinance No. 4 of 1897, and arrangements made regarding them.

Under Detention on 1st January, 1916.

Detained during 1916.

Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total. Prostitutes. Emigrants. Total.

Permitted to leave,

16

Permitted to leave under bond,

Restored to husband,

Restored to relatives,

Sent to native place,

Married,.

Adopted,

Sent to Refuge or Convent,...

Sent to French Consul to be sent home,

Died,

Awaiting marriage,

Cases under consideration,

...

20

156

82

238

258

2

3

2

24

1

2

2

31

31

1

1

...

5

5

...

1

8

8

16

.4

20

195

93

288

308

Total,

Cases brought forward, 20.

Cases dealt with during the year, 295.

1

Cases carried forward, 13.

Ć 16

*

:

Table IV.

Number of Assisted Emigrants and of Female Passengers and Boys examined and passed before the Secretary for Chinese Affairs under "The Chinese Emigration Ordinances, 1889-1908,” during the year 1916.

O 17 -

Whither Bound.

Male

Assisted

Women and Children, 1916.

Emigrants

1916.

Male

Assisted

Emigrants

Women

and

Children

Women. Girls.

Boys. Total.

1915.

1915.

Burmah,

31

15

19

65

25

Siam,

133

Japan,

52

7

12

71

31

Straits Settlements, Malay Peninsula,

9,385 14,494

1,801

5,301

21,599

1,931

11,154

Dutch Indies,

8,260

567

103

507

1,177

3,805

1,305

Borneo,

20

163

28

89

280

28

Honolulu,

54

14

47

115

66

Panania,.

5

...

7

12

Canada,

14

1

110

125

49

United States of America,

72

...

17

421

510

...

439

Mexico,

South America,

Mauritius,

Australia,

India,

3

14

...

7

29

2

31

95

9

86

190

10

5

46

8

Africa,.

27

2

XC ON

19

30

៦៨-ទីន

80

126

5

27

40

Shanghai,

2

Fiji Islands,

2

3

8

:

Total, 1916,..

17,665

15,664

2,013

6,701

24,378

Total, 1915,

5,764

8,810

1,107

3,572 13,489

5,764

13,489

C 18

Table V.

Number of Assisted Emigrauts.

Rejected.

Year. Examined. Passed.

Rejected

Un- willing. S.C.A.

at

Rejected by Doctor.

Sent Total Percentage

back.

rejected.

as unfit.

of rejection.

1914,

12,272 8,278*

189

203

92

96

580

4.72

1915, ...

7,618 5,764*

47

69

74

190

2:49

1916,

25,357 17,665* 204

201

177

582

2.29

* Including Emigrants to Borneo.

Treatment of Rejected Emigrants for 1916.

Sent home through Tung Wa Hospital at expense of

boarding houses,...

395

Sent away without help,

18

Sent back to boarding houses out of the number

rejected by doctor to be cured,..

169

Total rejected,

582

Native Districts of Assisted Emigrants.

West River,

East River,.

North River,

Canton,

Delta,

Kwong Sai,..

Southern Districts,.

Mandarin, (Hunan and Kwong Sai),

Total,...

2,375

4,145

979

1,496

791

4,428

2,662

789

.17,665

""

C 19

Table VI.

Statement of Receipts and Expenditure relative to the Hongkong District Watchmen's Fund for the year 1916.

Receipts.

Expenditure.

To Balance,

EA

18,695

C.

*

*

*

C.

>>

Contributions,

27,503

""

Grant by Government,..

2,000

2nd

"

"

Payment for Special Services,

3rd

325

11

By Wages and Salaries :-

Chief District Watchmen Assistant Chief District

men, Detectives,

1st Class District Watchmeis,

Allowance to Chief District

Watchmen and Detectives,

Interest,.

653

Medal Allowance,....

Instructors Allowance,

1,710

Watch-

1,698

1,486

4,572

7,206

58

904

384:

96

18,115

22

Fines,....

Rent from Mr. Ch'an Yui-tong for permission to erect the iron gate on I. L. No. 680 for the year 1916,

10

Miscellaneous :--

Cooks,...

504

Coolies,

480

Messenger.

72

1,056

1

Office Staff:

Manager,

308

Writer,

GO

Interpreter,

Clerk,

Collector,

25

25

360

778

Total...

19,949

76

Other Charges

Crown Rent,

40

Uniform and Equipment,

926

Stationery and Printing,.

154

Rewards,

140

Gratuities,

36

Oil and Kerosine,.

438

Premium on Fire Policies,

527

Loss on Exchange,

708

Rent for Telephone,

292

Fittings and Repairs,

308

Coolie Hire and Conveyance

Allowance,

138

Furniture,

60

Conservancy,

55

Photographs,

{

Sundries,

263

4,090

""

Pension:-

Ex C. D. W. So Tai and Au Pún's widow,

300

Total Expenditure,.....

Balance,

""

24,340 24,844 60

28

12

Total,............$

Disposal of Balance :-

On Fixed Deposit,

49,184

72

Total, .........$

49,181 72

{

..$17,500

At Current Account, In Hand,

7,324 20

..$24,844.60

*

Total,.......

Cents omitted except in the totals.

1

Patients.

!

Remaining in Hospital

on 31st December, 1915.

Treatment. Chinese

Treatment.

European

Total.

Total number of pa-

tients under treatment.

Discharged.

Deaths.

Table VII.

Number of Patients under treatment and other statistics oncerning the

Admitted.

Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1916.

Out-patients.

Remaining in Hospital

on 31st December, 1916.

Treatment.

Chinese

Treatment.

European

Male,

Female,

188 2,637 1,438 4,075 4,263 2,976 1,085

|

202

73,289 10,349 83,638 4,831 1,020

14 544 629 | 1.173

1,217

808 348

61 41,731

| 41,781 7,653 49,384

745

639

Total,...

|

232 3,181 2,067 5,248 5,480 3,784|1,433

263 115,020 18,002 133,022 4,8311,659 745

Total for 1915,

| | |

239 2,805 1,752 4,557 4,796 3,3751,189

232 103,759 13,126 116,885 823 1,288 777

Total.

Vaccination.

Dead bodies brought to Hospital Mortuary

for burial.

Destitutes sent home.

C 20

C 21

Table VIII.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Tung Wa Hospital for the Ping San Year (1916).

Receipts.

Amount.

Payments.

Amount.

*

$

Balance brought forward from Yut Maü

Year, (1915),

To rent of Hospital property,...

By Food for Staff,

6,148

82,644

17

Salaries and Wages,

18,189

Sick room expenses,

7,312

38,847

Patients' food and washing,

8,961

""

Chinese drugs,

18,232

To Subscriptions

29

European drugs,

6,955

""

Light,....

3,530

1. Annual Subscriptions of Hongs,

11,453

""

Passage money

to patients and

:

destitutes,

459

2. Subscriptions collected on Steamers,

3,614

"

Repairs,......

1,729

,, Repairs to Hospital property,

3,089

3.

and Donations,

2,673

Insurance,

837

""

55

Crown Rent,

1,194

4.

"

from wealthy persons,

3,150

"

5.

for the supply of

Stationery, Telegrams, Stamps and

Advertisements,

Sundries and bonus,

:

1,310

2,713

medicines, quilted clothing, coffins,

and shrouds,

2,001

>>

""

Expenses for Small-pox Hospital,

""

2,720

...

6. Subscriptions by Directors, Assistant

Directors, and Committee,

"

2,311

25,202

Construction and repair of Mor-

tuary,

Subscription to the Kwong Wa Hospital and the Fong Pin Hospital,

:

2,199

3,000

To Government Grant,

8,000

88,577

"

Grant from Man Mo Temple,

2,500

""

Burial of bodies from Government

Mortuary, (Victoria),

1,532

Interest,

8,587

دو

وو

Coffins for bodies from Government

Mortuary, (Victoria),....

3,169

""

وو

Contribution towards Mortuary ex-

penses,

Premium on notes, and discount on

goods purchased,

Payment for medicines, sale of kitchen

refuse, and rent of Mortuary and Sundries,

Contribution from the Ko Shing and

Kau U Fong Theatres,

Grand Total,..

"2

Burial of bodies by Tung Wa Hos-

2,829

pital,

2,987

>>

Coffins for bodies buried by Tung

Wa Hospital,...

2,378

776

10,066

""

British War Loans,

50,000

:

11,238

Total,

148,652.30

...

3,650

Balance,.........

35,626.09

184,278.38

Grand Total,............、

$184,278.38

*Cents omitted except in the totals.

Table IX.

Statement of Assets and Liabilities of the Tung Wa Hospital at the close of the Ping San Year (1916).

Liabilities.

Amount.

Assets.

Amount.

*

To Loan from Relief Fund,..........

8,440

""

"}

""

>>

"

Cheap Sale of Rice Fund,. Man Mo Temple Fund,

29,681

5,860

""

San Francisco Relief Fund,

5,470

>>

Further Loan from Man Mo Temple

>>

Fund,

6,000

>>

Further Loan from Cheap Sale of Rice

Fund,..

38,887

Loan from Hospital Extension Fund,

15,226

109,566

By Bank Balance at close of year :— With Shanghai Bank, .... House Property (original value) :— 2 houses 111 Bonham Strand and Jervois Street,

1 house in Wing Lok Street (includ- ing cost of additions to building),.. 10 houses in Aberdeen Street and Tung Wa Lane (including cost of additions to building),

35,626

10,400

8,108

14,900

2 houses in Connaught Road and Des Voeux Road,

17,386

Balance of Assets over Liabilities,

152,914

7 houses in Queen's Road West (including cost of additions to building),

30,363

2 houses in Bonham Strand West, 3 houses in Bonham Strand,

26,000

15,000

10 houses in Po Yan Street and New Street (at present used as Plague Hospital),

54,697

By British War Loans,

176,854

50,000

$262,480.36

Total,...

262,480.36

Total,..

Subscriptions not yet paid :- From Hongs,

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

"}

Individuals,

$1,000

1,400

$2,400

Receipts.

}

Table X.

Emergency Fund: Ping San Year (1916).

Amo Amount.

$

Payments.

Amount.

*

Balance from Ynt Maü Year (1915). Interest,

60,053

1,444

Gift to boatman Chung San Yaü and 7 others,

120

Gift to destitutes Tang Kaü, O Chüi Luk and 12 others,

Balance,

48

61,329

Total, ..

61,497.92

Total,.

.$

61,497.92

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Disposal of Balance :

Deposit with Mercantile Bank of India, $30,000, Shanghai Bank $22,000, and Ming San Bank $10,000.

C 23

Receipts.

Table XI.

Man Mo Temple Fund: Ping San Year (1916).

Amount.

$

Payments.

Amount.

Balance from Yut Maü Year (1915),

14,834

Tung Wa Hospital,

2,500

Temple Keeper,......

4,212

Free Schools and sundries,

6,489

Rent of temple property,

5,069

Refund of deposit,.

2,500

Interest,

359

Construction of small buildings in front of

Refund of Crown Rent,

19

the temple,

4,950

Police rates for the free school,

55

Balance at close of the year :—

Deposit,

3,100

With Sui Kat Bank,

11,232

forfeited,

20

""

Total,.

27,671.61

Total,..

27,671.61

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

C 24

Revenue.

Table XII.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Brewin Charity 1916.

Amount.

Expenditure.

$

*

1.

Amount.

To Balance from 1915,

5,977

>>

Rent from shop property in Temple Street,.

5,322

By Charity given to widows and orphans, Fees for Hawkers' Licences,

Photographs,

1,772

4

3

>>

>>

Subscriptions,

440

Police rates paid for Temple Street property,..

540

Interest on deposits with Shanghai Bank,...

129

>>

""

,,

Commission on Insurance for Temple Street property,...

101

""

""

""

Salary for rent collector Mr. Leung Fuk- chi (at $15 per mouth),

Fares for launch and tram car for rent collector,.

Stamps, receipts and printed matters, Repairs to Temple Street property,..

Crown Rent on the above property for 1916, Fee for attachment of furniture on above

property,

180

5

19

539

103

5

""

Insurance for above property,

525

Discount on subsidiary coins,

48

""

Salary to accountant Mr. Chan Yik Wa Balance,

an,

60

8,165†

""

Grand Total,..

11,971.22

Grand Total,..

.$

11,971.22

*Cents omitted except in the totals.

† By Deposit with Tung Wa Hospital,.$ 782

ލ

"

Shanghai Bank,

7,383

.

$8,165

C 25

Patients.

Table XIII.

Number of Patients under treatment and other statistics concerning the Kwong Wa Hospital during the year 1916.

Remaining in Hospital

on 31st December, 1915.

Chinese Treatment.

European. Treatment.

Total.

Admitted.

Total Number of pa- tients under treatment.

Discharged.

Deaths.

Remaining in Hospital on 31st December, 1916.

Chinese

Treatment.

European Treatment.

Total.

Out-patients.

Vaccinations.

Dead bodies brought to Hospital Mortuary for burial.

Destitutes sent home.

Male,

75

870

850|1,720 |1,795 |1,232

486

78

5,356 10,517 15,873 | 200

124

Female,

24

230 455 685 709 476

190

42

5,095 10,94616,041 196

222 223

77

Total,

66

1,100 1,305 2,405 2,504 | 1,708

676

120

10,451 21,463 |31,914| 396 201

Total for 1915,

82

852 969 1,821|1,903 1,308

496

66

8,219 15,280 23,449 137

Ở 26

C 27

Table XIV.

Statement of Receipts and Payments of the Kwong Wa Hospital for the Ping San Year (1916).

Receipts.

Amount.

Payments.

*

Amount,

*

Balance brought forward from

Yut Mau, Year (1915),.

Government Grant,

Contribution from Tung Wa

Deposit with Tung Wa Hospital, 27,896

420

Salaries and wages,

6,933

8,500

Food for staff,

1,982

Patients' food and washing..........

4,856

Hospital,.

2,000

Sick room expenses,.

1,058

K

Interest from Chinese Banks re- |

ceivel on behalf of Tin Hau

Coal,

675

European drugs,

7,308

Temple,

175

Chinese drugs,

2,163

Subscriptions from Ko Shing

Stationery, stamps and adver-

Theatre,

1,200

tisements,

555

Subscriptions from Tai Ping

Light,

410

Theatre,

1,000

Telephone,

71

Subscriptions from charitable

Repairs,

230

persons,

2,357

Furniture,

67

Subscription from house to

Discount on sub, coins,

167

house in Yaumati,

295

Sundries,

519

Fees from patients,

798

Bonus to servants,

170

Payments for Chinese medicine,

312

Coffins,

1,517

Fees from private patients,

317

Burial expenses (apart from

Premium ou dollars and ten cent

coffius),

352

pieces,

124

Coffins for bodies from Yaumati

Payment for kitchen refuse,

170

Mortuary,

378

Petty receipts,

160

Burial of bodies from Yaumati

Mortuary,

306

17,823

Expenses of Small-pox Hospital,

Yaumati,

103

Additional Receipts.

Refund of interest from Chinese

Banks to Tin Hau Temple,...!

175

Proceeds from theatrical perform-

Stone monuments for graves,

107

ance held by Chan Kang-ü,

3,088

Proceeds from theatrical perform-

ance held by this hospital,

2,712

Contributions from Wa Fong and

Tai Wo, photographers,....... Contribution from Yaumati Ferry

Launch Companies for months,

Contribution from Yaumati

Chinese Public Dispensary, Contribution from Yaumati Chinese Public Dispensary, being deposit with the Secre- tary for Chinese Affairs..... Amount from Tang Wa Hospital,

500

9

3,750

5,590

Grand Total,.......

$

3,431

$

57,997.65

21,450

Cash with Manager,..

354.02

40,521

58,351.67

Total,.......

58,351.67

* Cents omitted except in the totals,

C 28

Table XV.

Summary of work done by the Chinese Public Dispensaries: Victoria,

Harbour, Shaukiwan, and Kowloon Peninsula.

Description.

Grand Grand

Total. Total Total

1916.

1915.

New Cases,....

Return Cases,

60,607 45,357

Total,.......

105,964

89,243

爷爷

Certificate of nature of disease issued,

cause of death,

Patients removed to hospital by ambulance,.. Corpses removed to hospital or mortuary,.

Attendance at cleansing of infected premises, Compensation, claims sent in,......

Applications received for coffins,

for midwives,

Infants brought to office, (alive),

28

25

366

372

419

327

1,605

1,074

405

212

1

866

519

172

158

164

""

"2

""

(dead),..

1,969

Total,......

2,133

1,872

Vaccination at house,

2,626

""

office,

19,494

Total,.....

22,120

5,203

W

C 29

West Plague Hospitals,..........

Donation from :-

Tai Ping Theatre,

San Theatre,

Ko Shing Theatre,.

Donation for permission to hold the-

atrical performances from :-

Committee of Tam Kung Tem-

100

ple at Wong Nei Chung...

Mr. Chan Kang-ü at San The-

100

atre,

""

Lau Yung at Causeway Bay,

100

To Balance,

Table XVI.

Chinese Public Dispensaries: Statement of Accounts for the year ending 31st December, 1916.

Receipts.

Government Grant to the East and

$

$

*

28,856

2,000

"}

ל

"}

6,000

2,250

300

Expenditure.

$

*

Maintenance of Dispensaries, Victoria, 20,597

Harbour Dispensary,(A)

Shaukiwan

97

"Amalgamated Har-

bour and Yaumati Dispensary,

Balance of cost of building of Amal- gamated Harbour and Yaumati Dispensary,...

Amalgamated Harbour and Yaumati, Dispensary :-

Expenses for collection of Sub- scriptions,

593

3,538

4,447

29,176

2,413

:

149

وو

Pang Un-tong at Mong Kok,

100

Subscriptions, Land,

16,639

Harbour,

8,705

Expenses for opening of,

Furniture,

Loss on exchange,

174

272

162

"

Shaukiwan,.

1,226

759

35,521

Balance :-

32,349

Subscriptions towards the building of the Amalgamated Harbour

On fixed deposit,

20,000

3,927

At Current Account,

19,498

and Yaumati Dispensary,

In hand,.

135

Rent of house No. 3, Aberdeen Street, Interest,

1,272

Advance to Dispensaries Clerks,

100

876

"}

""

Sale of the Harbour Dispensary Boat, Premium on exchange,

110

Alice Memorial Hos- pital for purchase of drugs, .... Î

500

19

40,234

Total,.

$ 72,583

73

Total,....

$ 72,583

73

(A) Amalgamated with Yaumati Dispensary on 1st March, 1916.

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Receipts :-

C 30

Table XVII.

Kowloon Peninsula Dispensaries.

Description.

Statement of Accounts, 1916.

(A) Hung

Yaumati.

hom.

Kowloon Sham- City. shuipo.

$

C.

$$$

$ c. 1,341 790

*

To Balance,

3,497

875

Subscriptions, &c.,

713

2,925

156 1,336

Donation from :-

Po Hing Theatre, .

165

561

Kún Yam Temple,

600

Hau Wong Temple,...

690

Keepers of Hau Wong

Temple,

100

:

Tin Hau and Kwan Tai

Temples,

The China Light and Power

Co., Ltd.,

Donation for permission to hold

theatrical

from:-

performances

Mr. Chán Pak-ping at Yau-

mati,

Mr. Pang Shing at Kowloon

City,

Kai Fong of Shamshuipo,

Interest,

:

100

.:

:

:

2,395

...

600

200

480 23

Expenditure:-

Total,....

Through Secretariat for Chinese

Affairs,....

Balance transferred to Kwong

Wa Hospital,

By Local Committee,

4,376.29 5,061.77 3,082.94 5,030.71

91.

275 1,590 1,488 1,954

3,431

670 1,505

1,353 1,753

Total,......... 4,376.29 3,095.12 2,841.91 3,707.47

|

Balance:

At Secretariat for Chinese Affairs,

With Local Committee,

Total,...$

135 1,781

39

519

201

804

1,966.65 241.03 1,323.24

Cents omitted except in the totals.

(A) Amalgamated with Harbour Dispensary on 1st March, 1916.

1

Number of deaths.

2

,

Table XVIII.

Deaths of Chinese in Hongkong and Kowloon during 1916 showing number in which the cause of death was duly certified and number in which a post-mortem examination was held.

Number certified.

uncertified.

Number

4

Percentage of

3 to 2.

CO

10

Victoria,

Harbour,

6,865

2,848

4,017

41.5

109

9.1

15

0.2

778

126

652

16.2

16

2.0

1

0.1

Kowloon,.....

2,033

1,341

692

9.99

1

0.5

Shaukiwan,

387

36

351

8.6

0

0

Other villages in Hongkong,

294

15

279

5.1

0

0.0

0

0.0

0.0

0

Total,.

10,357

4,366

5,991

42.1

126

16

0.1

Number examined after death and not

sent to mortuary.

Percentage of 6 to 2.

mortuary.

Number sent to

Percentage of 8 to 2.

C 31 -

6

Table XIX.

Monthly Return of Bodies of Chinese considered by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs to have been abandoned during the year 1916.

Victoria Districts.

Victoria.

Month.

Total.

Harbour. Kowloon.

West.

Central. East.

Hongkong outside

Victoria.

New

Territories.

Total.

Grand

Total.

- C 32 -

January,

6

4

17

February,

23

6

33

March,.

32

10

51

13

188

14

16

18

April,

34

12

9

55

15

32

May,

16

9

15

40

12

24

June,

15

12

33

8

23

July,

9

13

27

16

22

August,

6

21

19

16

12

September,

27

14

20

October,

4

25

6

25

November,

35

8

50

15

28

December,

75

56

21

152

19

48

64774Q7267-7

21

38

28

61

38

89

54

109

40

80

40

73

45

72

47

68

40

67

39

64

54

104

74

226

Grand Total,

285

142

104

531

146

286

87

1

520

1,051 *

Total for 1915,

66

35

41

142

66

198

53

325

467 †

* In 1916, of

1,051, 521 were taken to Chinese Public Dispensaries.

† In 1915, of 467, 132 were taken to Chinese Public Dispensaries.

Σ

M

Ć 33

Table XX.

Return of Bodies abandoned for the years 1914, 1915 and 1916.

(Figures supplied by the Police Department.)

1914.

Over

15 years.

Male.

Female.

Unknown,

15 years and under.

Over

15 years.

15 years and under.

Victoria,

Kowloon,..

37

Harbour,

Elsewhere,

5098

56

52

112

26

16

23

2288

5

11

109

6

3

8825

39

Total,

118

213

25

187

1915.

Victoria,

21

24

Kowloon,....

11

79

Harbour,

Elsewhere,

2230

29

76

15

11

Total,

52 132

8 131

Victoria, Kowloon,.

Harbour, Elsewhere,

38 102 81

888

17

28

34

17

1916.

441

103

77

34

401

:

Over

15 years.

15 years

and under.

10 09 0:

ск

2 O 2 T

Total.

154

271

66

60

551.

75

174

56

29

11

334

250

183

101

36

Total,

87 234

13 226

10

570

To Balance,

>>

Rent of Stalls,

Table XXI.

Chinese Recreation Ground: Receipts and Expenditure, 1916.

Receipts.

Payments.

*

3,936

By Wages of Watchmen, etc.,

558

3,552

""

Water Account,.............

61

Uniforms for District Watchmen,

37

""

""

Miscellaneous,

28

Balance,

6,804

C 34

Total,..

7,489.58

Total,.....

..$

7,489.58

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

Receipts.

Table XXII.

Statement of Accounts of Passage Money Fund.

14

Σ

Payments.

To Balance at Current Account,

.$2,806

Cash,

46

22

"}

2,853

Passage Money Received,

$2,248

Less Refunds,

77

1,498

37

750

""

Refund of Endowment by the 'Eyre Diocesan

Refuge,

4,250

37

"}

Expenses in connection with repatriation of emigrants recovered from Singapore, &c.,...)

73

"}

Interest on Current Account,

96

"""

Current Account,. in hand,

By Gifts to 15 women on being married, Annual Charitable Allowance to two per-

""

sons,

Subscription to Alice Memorial Hospital, Gifts in aid of repatriation of emigrants,.. Small gifts to distressed persons,

Advance to Tsui Yau, fitter at Basra,.. Passage for Mrs. Gradula Cindeck to Mauritius,

69

AOCON C

31

72

50

98

45

$ 105

86

18

$4,250

3,340

51

7,641

Less Refund by Mauritius Government,

Balance on fixed deposit,....

Miscellaneous,

3

Total,

$

8,026.28

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

$

Total,

$ 8,026.28

- O 35

Table XXIII.

Prosecutions under Ordinances No. 3 of 1888, No. 1 of 1889, and No. 4 of 1897.

Offence.

Ordinance No. 3 of 1888.

Bills,-Posting without permission,

Convicted.

Discharged.

No. of

Cases.

Male.

Female.

Male.

Female.

1

1.

...

240

214

3

3

Fireworks,--Discharging without permits, ....

Drums and Gongs,-Night noises by beating, Processions,-Organising in the public streets

without permit,............

Householders' Registration,-Failing to register,.

Ordinance No. 30 of 1915.

Decoying men or boys into or away from the

31

:བ:

::

Remarks.

Colony,

Emigration

House offences,.

Personating Emigrants,

2

3

1

1

:

Ordinance No. 4 of 1897.

Abduction of girls under the age of 18 years

(Section 26),....

6

Decoying women and girls into or away from the Colony,

Detaining, harbouring or receiving women or girls,... Procuration of girls under age to have carnal con- nection,

2

I

1

1

:

Knowingly deriving profits from prostitution, letting|

women out for hire, and trading in them,

:

:

:

2

1

...

:

:..

· C 36 -

C 37

Annexe A,

Report on the work of the Po Leung Kuk for the year 1916.

The following gentlemen were elected in March to serve as the Managing Committee for the year :-

Lo Kit-ping, Lai Tsau-tam, Chan Shut-ngan,

Lo Shiu-hoi,

Fu Yik-pang,

Yung Tsz-ming,

Yuen Man-chun, Kwan Fuk-ng, U Pan-nam, Yeung Ching-shek, Wong Mau-lam Ho Wing-tsun.

The number of inmates in the Po Leung Kuk on January 1st, 1916, was 75 and 590 persons were admitted during the year as against 526 in 1915. The circumstances of their admission and the action taken in regard to them are set out in Table A.

Three hundred and two (302) women and girls were com- mitted under warrant and 216 were admitted without warrant. Of the remainder 42 were lost children, 3 were accompanied by parent or guardian, and 27 were runaway maid-servants.

On leaving the Kuk 165 women and girls were restored to their husbands or other relatives; 42 were sent to charitable in- stitutions in China, 21 were given in adoption, and 15 married. The number released under bond was 4; 9 cases were sent to the Eyre Refuge, Italian Convent, or Victoria Home; and I was sent home by the French Cons 1. The number of inmates remaining in the Kuk on the 31st December was 78.

. The income and expenditure during the year, and the assets and liabilities of the institution are set.out in Tables B and C at- tached.

The accounts of the Managing Committee in the customary form have again been audited by Messrs. Chiu Chau-sam and Li Yau-tsun. The balance to the credit of the Society at the end of the year was $19,742 as compared with $19,230 at the end of

1915.

The institution was visited monthly by Justices of the Peace, Messrs. A. Mackenzie and Chow Siu-ki who on no occasion found cause for adverse comment. The average monthly number of in-

mates was 63.

The matron reports favourably on the conduct, health, and industry of the inmates during the year. There were 92 cases of sickness, of which 44 were sent to the Tung Wa Hospital for treat- ment, and of these 3 died.

E. R. HALLIFAX, Secretary for Chinese Affairs,

President.

15th June, 1917.

:

:

Table A.

Number of Women and Girls admitted to the Po Leung Kuk during the year 1916 and the

arrangements made regarding

them.

January, 1916, ....................... In the Po Leung Kuk on 1st

Committed under Warrant from the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs.

Committed under Warrant from Emigration Office.

Pending the opening of the Secretariat for Chinese Affairs. Sent with their own consent by the Secretary for Chinese Affairs. Sent with their own consent from Singapore, Manila and Swatow. Sent with their own consent by the Police.

Lost Children.

Accompanying parents or guardians.

Runaway maid-servants.

Total.

Released after enquiry.

Released under bond.

Placed in charge of husband,

Placed in charge of parents. and relatives.

Sent to Charitable Institutions

in China.

Sent to School, Convent or Refuge.

Adopted.

Married.

Sent to French Consul to be sent home.

Died.

Cases under consideration.

Total.

Admitted during the year, ...

Total,

Kuk on the 31st Decem-

Remaining in the Po Leung

ber, 1916,

02 19

18

2

30

1

3

75

17

H

9 1 5

5

11 13

1

2 | 10

75

196 106 13

92 20

91 42

3 27 590|310

3

21134) 37

4

10

2

214108 | 13 | 122 | 22 | 110 | 43

30 665 327

4

22143 42

9 | 21

:

20

24

~

12

78

C

:

1

3

68590

78 | 665

C 38

-

Table B.

PO LEUNG KUK.

Statement of Receipts and Expenditure from 1st January to 31st December, 1916.

RECEIPTS.

EXPENDITURE.

Balance from previous year :-

On Fixed Deposit,

At Current Account,

17,000

2,230

19,230

Balance :-

Subscriptions:-

By the Elected Committee :- (see Table C),

On Fixed Deposit,

At Current Account,

Yue Lan Celebrations, West Point,.. Elected Committee,.

417

275

Guilds,

4,897

Man Mo Temple,

1,209

Theatres,.

1,145

Hongkong Citizens,

190

Boy adoptions, .................

200

8,335

Interest:-

On Deposit,

1,000

On Current Account,

176

1,176

Total...

28,742.77

* Cents omitted except in the totals.

*

9,000

18,000

1,742

19,742

Total,....

28,742.77

- C 39

:

Table C.

Statement showing particulars of Expenditure by the Elected Committee from the 1st January to the 31st December, 1916.

RECEIPTS.

Balance from previous year,

Received from Permanent Board,.

Miscellaneous Receipts,...

Premium on bank notes,

*

$

*

EXPENDITURE.

70

9,000

34

Decorations,

Food,....

Light and Fire,

51

Miscellaneous,

Passage Money,

Petty Expenditure,

Printing,

Repairs,.....

Stationery,

Telephone,

Insurance,

Wages,

Balance,

Total,.........$

9,15 9,156.52

* Cents omitted except in the totals..

Total,

*

*

C.

C.

$

42

3,197

854

560

101

279

100

308

176

97

321

3,062

9,103

53

€9

-C 40

9,156.52

Appendix D.

REPORT OF THE HARBOUR MASTER

FOR THE YEAR 1916.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

REPORT.

1.-Shipping.

2.-Trade.

3. Revenue and Expenditure. 4.-Steam-launches. 5.-Emigration and Immigration. 6.-Registry of Shipping. 7.-Marine Magistrate's Court.

10.

8. Marine Court. 9.-Examination of Masters,

Mates and Engineers. Examination of Pilots. 11. Sunday Cargo Working. 12.-New Territories. 13.-Lighthouses.

TABLES.

I.--Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of. Vessels entered. II.-Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of Vessels cleared. III.-Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of Vessels entered

at each Port.

IV. Number, Tonnage, Crews and Cargoes of Vessels cleared

at each Port.

V.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each Nation

entered.

VI.-Number, Tonnage, and Crews of Vessels of each Nation

cleared.

VII.-Junks entered from China and Macao.

VIII.-Junks cleared for China and Macao.

IX. Summary of Arrivals and Departures of all Vessels.

X.-Licensed Steam-launches entered.

XI.-Licensed Steam-launches cleared.

XII. Number of Boat Licences issued.

XIII.--Statement of Revenue.

XIV. Chinese Passenger Ships cleared by the Emigration Officer

(Summary).

XV.-Return of Emigration.

XVI. Return of Male and Female Emigrants.

XVII. Vessels bringing Chinese Passengers to Hongkong from

places out of China (Summary).

XVIII. Return of Immigration.

XIX.-Return of Male and Female Emigrants returned.

D 2

XX.-Vessels registered.

XXI.-Vessels struck off the Register.

XXII. Comparison in Number and Tonnage of Vessels in Foreign

Trade entered and cleared since 1906.

XXIII. Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department.

XXIV.-Diagram of Tonnage of Vessels entered.

ANNEXES.

A. Report on the Mercantile Marine Office. B.-Report on the Marine Surveyor's Office. C.--Report on the Gunpowder Depôt.

1.-Shipping.

1. The total of the Shipping entering and clearing at Ports in the Colony during the year 1916 amounted to 642,794 vessels of 36,381,457 tons, which, compared with the figures for 1915, shows an increase of 111,192 vessels, with an increase of 2,496,538 tons.

Of the above, 48,350 vessels of 22,308,311 tons were engaged in Foreign Trade, as compared with 50,148 vessels of 22,515,023 tons in 1915, and were distributed as follows:-

1915. Numbers.

1916.

1915. Numbers. Tonnage.

1916. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

going Ships,

79%

7·7%

32.7 %

30.8 %

Foreign Ocean-

going Ships,

7.3

7.8

31.1

30.7

British River

Steamers,

13:3

146

17.8

18:5

Foreign River

Steamers, ...

3.8

4.7

4.1

4.7

Steam-launches

(under 60

tons),

13.7

13:3

1.1

1.0

Trading Junks, 54.0

51.9

13.2

14:3

100'0

-100.0

100.0

100.0

N.B.-The movements of Fishing Junks are not included in the above figures.

2. Of vessels of European construction, 3,760 Ocean Steamers, 1 Sailing Ship, 4,669 River Steamers, and 3,206 Steam Launches entered during the year, giving a daily average entry of 319 ships, as compared with 316 in 1915, and 324 in 1914.

M

D 3

3. The average tonnage of individual Ocean vessels entering the Port has decreased from 2,5199 tons to 2,2389 tons. That of British Ships has decreased from 2,625 tons to 2,5597 tons, while that of Foreign ships has also decreased from 2,4412 tons to 2,032:2 tons.

During the past 20 years, the average tonnage of Ocean-going vessels has increased from 1,319 tons to 1,826 tons.

The average tonnage of individual River Steamers entering during the year has decreased from 486·9 tons to 453′0 tons.

That of British River Steamers has decreased from 5193 tons to 5112 tons, and that of Foreign River Steamers has decreased from 414 4 tons to 364 tons.

4. A comparison between the years 1915 and 1916 is given in the following table:-

1915.

1916.

Increase.

Decrease.

Class of Vessels.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

No.

Reg. Tonnage.

British Ocean-

3,988

7,358,586 3,721 6,868,743

267 189,831

going,

Foreign Occan-

3,673

7,023,222 | 3,797 6.859,349 124

:

163,873

going,

British River

Steamers,

6,676 | 4,022,853 | 7,017|| 4,127,051

371

104,198

Foreign River

1,892

928,147 2,288 1,039,197

396

111,050

Steamers,

Steamships un-

der 60 tons

(Foreign

6.822

228,510 6,450 212,350

872 16,160

Trade).

Junks, Foreign 27,097 2,953,705 25,047 3,201,621

Trade,...

247,916 2,050

Total, Foreign Trade,..

|50.148 | 22,515,023 48,350 | 22.308,311 891

463,164 2,689 669,867

Steam-launches

plying in

Waters of

| 446,938 | 10,022,806 558,98812,632,776|112,050| 2,609,970

Colony,

Junks, Local

Trade,

*34,516*1,317,090 135,4:6 †1,440,370

940

93,280

Grand Total,

531,602 33,884,919 642,790 | 36,381,457 113,881 3,166,414 2,680 669,867

Net,......... 111,192 2,496,538

of 505,600

*Including 10,082 Conservancy and Dust Boats of 503,932 tons.

1

13

10,066

>>

";

D 4

5. This table shows a decrease in British Ocean-going Ship- ping of 267 ships, or 74 per cent., and a decrease of 489,834 tons, or 71 per cent. This is due to several of the Coasting Steamers having been chartered by the Government, and the withdrawal of the P. & O. Intermediate Steamers.

British River Steamers have increased by 371 ships and 104,198 tons, or 52 per cent. in numbers and 2.5 in tonnage which is due to the fact that two steamers were added to the West River Trade.

Foreign Ocean-going Vessels have increased by 124 ships or 3:3 per cent., but have decreased by 163,873 tons or 24 per cent. This is explained by the increase in Japanese and Chinese ships of smaller tonnage.

Foreign River Steamers shew an increase of 396 ships and 111,050 tons, or 17.3 per cent. in numbers and 17 per cent. in ton- nage. This is due to several steamers which were previously on the Canton-West River trade having been placed on the Hongkong- West River trade carrying rice from July to December.

In Steamships not exceeding 60 tons, employed in Foreign Trade, a decrease of 372 ships and 16,160 tons, or 57 per cent. in numbers and 7'6 per cent. in tonnage is shewn. The decrease is most noticeable in launches trading to Macao, and may be put down to one of the launches being replaced by a vessel of over 60 tous.

Junks in Foreign Trade shew a large decrease of 2,050 junks or 8.2 per cent., but an increase of 247,916 tons or 77 per cent. The decrease appears during the months of July, August and September, in which months there was considerable unrest in the Canton delta.

In Local Trade, increases are shewn in both Steam Launches and Junks.

Steam Launches shew an increase of 112,050 ships and 2,609,970 tons, or 20 per cent. in numbers and 206 per cent. in tonnage which is explained by an increase in number of launches plying in the harbour and more trips having been made.

Junks shew an increase of 940 vessels and 93,280 tons or 2 6 per cent. in numbers and 64 per cent. in tonnage. This can only be ascribed to the better control of native craft, they having to report themselves at this office in order to obtain a permit to pass outward through the Examination Service.

6. The actual number of individual Ocean-going Vessels of European construction during 1916 was 717 of which 281 were British and 436 were Foreign. In 1915 the corresponding figures were 724, 310 British and 414 Foreign.

These 717 ships measured 1,605,248 tons. They entered 3,761 times and gave a collective tonnage of 6,855,164 tons. Thus 7 fewer ships entered 63 fewer times, and gave a collective tonnage reduced by 326,535 tons, an average of 5,183-2 tons per entry.

M

Thus :

- D5

Steamers.

No. of Times entered.

Total Tonnage.

Flag.

1915. 1916.

1915. 1916. 1915.

1916.

British {

Steamers 308

281 1,989 1,858 3,669,800 3,424,457

Sailing...

2

2

5,419

Japanese

{

Steamers

264

271

972

987 2,253,086,2,104,307

Sailing...

2

1

2

1

328

75

Norwegian,

28

33

199

164

199,341

168,156

Chinese,

38

45

236

305

271,183

306,793

Danish,

4

6

4

• 18,634

13,440

Dutch,

23

24

132

135

293,002 359,713

French,

25

19

164

134

230,242 269,437

Portuguese,

5

5

59

101

34,547

48,151

Russian,

<

4

15

16

16,571 16,642

Siamese,

1

810

Swedish,

6

5

9-

20.342

24,582

U.S.A.Steamers, 15

24

39

47

169,204 118,601

Total, .

724

717 3,824 3,761 7,181,699,6,855,164

7. The 281 British ships carried 2,519 British officers and 56 Foreign officers, the latter consisting of 19 Norwegian, 13 Americans, 11 Danes, 5 Swedes, 4 Japanese, 2 Dutch, and 2 Belgian.

Thus, the proportion of Foreign officers in British ships was 2:21 per cent. comprising 7 nationalities, an increase of 131 per cent. with a decrease in number of officers and of ships.

8. The 436 Foreign ships carried 3,252 officers, of whom 69 were British as follows:-

In Chinese ships

1915. 1916.

55

49

United States ships

15

Japanese ships

7

4

33

Russian ships -

O

1

66

69

Thus, 212 per cent. of the officers serving in Foreign ships were of British nationality, with an increase in number of officers and of ships.

D 6

9. The Nationality of the Crews in British and in Foreign ships was as follows:-

AMERICANS

VESSELS.

BRITISH CREW.

AND

ASIATICS.

EUROPEANS.

1915.

1916. 1915. 1916.

1915. 1916. 1915. 1916.

British,

310

Foreign,. 414

281 20,253 16,902 901 533 128,160 126,283

436 1,155 1,078 10,791 10,640 114,516110,982

Total,

724 717 21,408 17,980 11,692 ||1,173 242,676|237,265

Hence in British ships

And in Foreign ships: -

1915.

1916.

1915.

1916.

13.57 %

11.76 % of the crews were British.

0.91 %

088 % of the crews

were British.

0·60 %

0:37 % of the crews

were other Europeans.

8:53 %

8.67 % of the crews

were other Europeans.

85.83 %

87 87% of the crews 90.56% 90-45 % of the crews

were Asiatics.

2.-Trade.

were Asiaties.

10. As pointed out in previous years the figures which are given are meagre, and of little value, being derived from reports of ship masters which are given in round figures and several items of › cargo are only entered under the heading "General ".

In a few cases, I can however give more accurate figures and these are:-

Imports.-These shew a decrease of 26,946 tous compared with the year 1915.

Increases are shewn under the headings:-Coal, Cotton Yarn and Wool, Hemp, Kerosene Oil in cases, Rattan, Rice, Sandalwood, and Sugar, while decreases are shewn in Beans, Flour, Kerosene Oil in bulk, Liquid Fuel, Timber, and General.

Beans. A decrease of 10,812 tons is shown, due to Japanese competition close proximity to Tientsin and Dalny with direct steamship lines and lower freight rates than Hongkong can procure.

The trade with America in this Northern product together with that of Peanuts has gone over almost entirely to the Japanese, and what promised to be a large and lucrative business to Hongkong has been lost.

R

-D7-

Coal. There is an increase of 62,811 tons over the last year which is due to local and Canton manufacturing concerns laying in stocks as protective measure against advancing prices due to shortage of tonnage. A large part of the surplus coal is from Formosa and Yaeyama.

Cotton Yarn and Cotton.-Once again there is a decrease of 2,274 tons, due to most of the cargo being transhipment cargo.

Flour.-The decrease of 14,675 tons is due to Chinese flour competition and high prices ruling for American and Canadian pro- duct, also shortage of tonnage and high freight.

Kerosene Oil.-There is a decrease of 37,593 tons shewn in Bulk Oil, which is due to falling off in demand on account of high price brought about by general war conditions, and what would appear to be an increase in Case Oil is really not so, as the demand has also fallen off as in Bulk Oil. Large stocks of Case Oil are carried over to the present year, and if conditions become worse, this ap- parent increase will be wiped out.

Liquid Fuel.-A decrease of 2,943 tons due to the scarcity of tank steamers.

Rice.--The increase of 71,144 tons is due to great demand from North and Central American market principally, which was formerly supplied by the European market when freights were low.

Timber. A decrease of 31,477 tons chiefly accounted for by the stoppage of supplies of Oregon Pine through high rates of freight, Phillipine Hardwood being used instead.

General Cargo.-The large decrease of 255,423 tons is due to shortage of supplies from manufacturers at home, on account of war conditions.

11. The number and tonnage of ships of European type of construction carrying cargo for import and transit, compared with 1915, was as follows:-

1915.

1916.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Tonnage No. Tonnage

No. Tonnage No. Tonnage.

Tonna

Steamers,

3,820

River Steamers, 4,283

Sailing Vessels,

7,175,952 |3,760 | 6,855,089

2,475,916 | 4,669 | 2,583,229

60

320,863

386 107,313

3,747

75

3

5,672

Total,

8,1079,657,615 | 8,430 9,438,393 | 396 |107,313 63

326,535

Net,.

323

219,222

12. The corresponding figures relating to ships of European type of construction exporting cargo, and shipping bunker coal, follow :-

EXPORTS.

1915.

1916.

Increase.

Decrease.

No.

Tonnage. No.

Tounage.

No. Tonnage.

No.

Tonnage.

Steamers,

3,831

|

7,192,274 3,758 6,873,003

78 319,271

River Steamers,

4,285

|

2,475,084 4,666 2,583,019

381 107,935

Sailing Vessels,

6

7,835

1

75

...

Total,

8,122|| 9,675,193|8,425

9,675,193 8,425 9,456,097

7,760

381 107,935 78

327,031

303

Net,.

Exported 2,606,264 tons including River Trade as compared with 2,465,395 tons in 1915.

219,096

Increase.

Decrease.

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Strs.

Bunker

Coal.

Bunker

Strs.

Coal.

Steamers,

3,831

427,401 | 3,758

457,580

30,179 73

River Steamers,

4,285

76,123 4,666

84,096 381

7.973

Total,...

8,116

503,524 8,424

541,676

381

38,152

73

Net,

308

38,152

:

:

- D 8 -

D 9

13. The River Trade, compared with 1915, is shown in the following Table:-

Year.

1915,

1916,..

Imports.

Exports.

Passengers.

383,902

365,598

1,961,060

399,937

537,734

2,416,790

14. The following Table shows the Junk Trade of the Colony for the years 1915 and 1916 :-

IMPORTS.

1916.

1915.

Junks.

. Foreign Trade,...... 12,565

Tons. 1,518,075

Junks.

Tons.

13,445

1,495,944

Local Trade,

17,320

712,310

17,112

671,275

Total,... 29,885

2,230,385

30,557

2,167,219

Imported 455,629 tous as under :—

Tons.

Tea,

Cattle, 1,696 hend,

Swine, 14,008 head,

6

195

823

Earth and Stones,

General,

2,882

451,723

Total,....

455,629

EXPORTS.

1916.

1915.

Junks.

Tons.

Junks.

Tons.

Foreign Trade,..... 12,482

1,683,546

13,652

1,457,761

Local Trade,

18,136

728,060

17,404

675,815

Total,

30,618

2,411,606

31,056

2,133,576

Exported 1,038,967 tons as under :-

Kerosine, 1,383,063 cases,

Rice and Padi,

General,

Tons.

40,673

342,278

656,016.

Total,.......

1,038,967

15. A Summary fo the Shipping and Trade of the Port fort he year 1916.

— D 10 —

TONS.

Passengers.

No. of

Ships.

Emi-

Dis-

charged.

Shipped.

In

Transit.

Bunker Coal.

Total.

Registered

Tonnage.

grants.

Arrived,

Departed.

British Ocean-going,

Foreign Ocean-going,

British River Steamers,

3,721 2.006.536 1,166,082 1,808,199 8,797 2,250,742 902,448 1,720,438 7,047 255,167 303,148

Foreign River Steamers,..

2.288

224,770 234,586

261,205 5.242.022 196.375 5.070.003 59.448 617.763 4.127,051 24,648 484,009 1,039,197

6,868,743 151.369

6,859.349

78.397

1,103,537

115,926 86,739

71,322 30,914

1.072,634

123,261

110.358

Total,

16,853 | 4,737,215 | 2,606,264 | 3,528,637

541,676

1,413,797 18,894.340 1,456,564

1,377,240 |117,653

Steam-launches; Foreign

Trade.

}

6,450

7,474 13,065

21,318

Junks, Foreign Trade,

25,047

347,550 946,366

Total Foreign Trade. ...¦

18.350

5,092,239 | 8,565,695 | 3,528,637

41.857 212,350 1,293,916 3,201,621 562,994 12,749,570 | 22,308,311

13.803

14,414

62.925

56.436

1,588.292

1,448,090 | 117.653

Steam-launches, Local

558,988

5,495

Trade,.

4,181

45.694

Junks, Local Trade,..

35,456 108,079

91,601

Total, Local Trade,

594,444

113,571

95,782

Grand Total,

642,794 : 5,205,813 | 3,661,477 | 3.528,637

55.370 12,632,776 199.680 1,440.370

45,694 255,050 14,073.146 6,286.499

608,688 13,004,620 | 36,381,457 7.819,791

7,762.500 |117,653

6,274.583

11.916

6,295,888

18,722

6,314,410

Σ

D 11

3. Revenue and Expenditure.

16. The gross Revenue collected by the Harbour Department during the year was $649,732.24 as against $551,237.90 collected in the previous year, showing an increase of $98,494,34 or 15′1% :-

Light Dues,

Light Dues, Special Assessment,. Licences and Internal Revenue,. Fees of Court and Office,

·

1915.

1916.

$ 75,475.75 $ 75,031.83

93.008.43 87.445.72

170,267.38 171,684.07

212,486.34 315,619,72

Increase. Decrease.

$ 443.92

5.562.71

$ 1,367.59

103.133.38

$551,237.90 $649,732.24 $104,500.97 $ 6,006.63

The principal increases are under Boat Licences $3,811.84 : Junk Licences $2,637.34; Engagement and Discharge of Seamen $1,122.20; Examination of Masters, etc., $1,160; Fees for use of Government Buoys $44,089.27, (this is due to the taking over by the Government of all the hitherto privately owned buoys); Medical Examination of Emigrants $26,655.50; Official Signature $3,914 (due to large number of permits issued to native craft to lie inshore for working cargo at night under the war time traffic regulations): and Sunday Cargo Working Permits $30,750.

The principal decreases are under Light Dues Special Assessment $5,562.71 (due to lack of tonnage); Marine Court Fines $5,152.24; Gunpowder Storage $3,092.55; and Survey of Steamships $782 29.

17. The Expenditure of the Harbour Department, for 1916 was $165,295.31 as against $166,465.04 expended in 1915, showing a decrease of $1,169.73 which is due to savings in salaries on account of the office being short since August of the Assistant Harbour Master, a Junk Inspector, and the reduction in the Lighthouse Staff by 2 Light House Keepers retiring on pension, and the sub- stitution of unwatched Aga Lights at Cape Colinson and Ma Wan. Also a sum of $167,561.35 was expended on taking over by the Government of all the hitherto privately owned buoys and moorings, and the sums of $1,325.39 and $1,480.89 were expended on install- ation of unwatched Aga Lights at Cape Collinson and Ma Wan Lighthouses respectively. A further sum of $23,250 was expended on repairing and overhauling the Steam Tender "Stanley", and a sum of $4,000 on purchasing the Motor Launch "H.D). 5".

The Amount of Light Dues collected during the year 1916.

Special Assessment.

Class of Vessels.

No. of

Trips.

Tonnage.

Rate

per ton.

Fees

Collected.

Rate

per ton.

Fees

Collected.

Total Fees

Collected.

C.

C.

$

Ocean Vessels,.

4,689

7,027,728

1 cent.

70,277.23 : 1 cent.

70,277.23

140,554.46

Steam Launches,

2,628

96,657

966.57 1

966.57

1,933.14

"

River Steamers, (Night Boats),..

1,851 1,136,411

13

3,788.03

5,682.09

9,470.12

Do.,

(Day Boats),

1,975 1,262,379 Nil.

10,519.83

10,519.83

>>

Total,.

11,143

9,523,170

$75,031.83

$87,445.72

D 12

$162,477.55

D 13

4. Steam-launches.

18. On the 31st December, 1916, there were 356 steam-launches (including motor boats) employed in the Harbour. Of these, 191 were licensed for the conveyance of passengers, etc., 121 were pri- vately owned, 22 were the property of the Colonial Government, and 22 belonged to the Imperial Government, comprising 4 Military and 18 Naval.

Nine coxswains' certificates were suspended for incompetency or negligence in the performance of their duties; one of which was suspended for 12 months, while 8 were each for 3 months, and 5 of them were required to pass a further examination, on expiration of their suspensions, before their certificates were returned.

Five hundred and sixteen (516) engagements and four hundred and seventy-two (472) discharges of masters and engineers were made during the year.

Nine (9) steam-launches were permitted to carry arms for their protection against pirates.

5. Emigration and Immigration.

19. One hundred and seventeen thousand six hundred and fifty- three (117,653) emigrants left Hongkong for various places during the year 1916, (68,275 in 1915). Of these, 86,739 were carried in British ships, and 30,914 in foreign ships.

Seventy-two thousand four hundred and five (72,405) returning emigrants were reported to have been brought to Hongkong from the several places to which they had emigrated either from this Colony or from Coast Ports, as against 109,753 in 1915. Of these, 45,623 arrived in British ships and 26,782 in foreign ships.

6.-Registry, etc., of Shipping.

20. During the year, 16 ships were registered under the pro- visions of the Imperial Merchant Shipping Act, and 6 Certificates of Registry cancelled. 130 documents, etc., were dealt with in connec- tion with the Act, the fees on which amounted to $1,278.00 as com- pared with $1,763.00 in 1915.

7. Marine Magistrate's Court.

21. Three hundred and forty-one (341) cases were heard in the Marine Magistrate's Court, (470 in 1915). Being under way during prohibited hours without permits, Making fast to ships whilst under way without permission, Passing through the Yaumati Typhoon Shelter at an excessive speed, Boarding ships without permission, Dredging without permit, and Carrying passengers in excess were the principal offences.

8. Marine Court.

(Under Section 9 of Ordinance 10 of 1899.)

22. During the year 1916 there were five courts held :-

(1) On the 11th day of February, 1916, enquiry was made into the charges of disobedience of order and misconduct on the part of

M

D 14

A. W. Smith, whose certificate of competency was No. 2046 of Victoria, Australia, chief engineer of the British S.S. Wollowra, Official No. 104,811 of Hongkong.

The Court found as follows :-

We find that the charges made against you, Warren Smith, chief engineer of S.S. Wollowra, Official No. 104,811 of Hong- kong, by the master, Mr. B. W. Pritchard, PROVED, and we con- sider that your conduct has been detrimental to all good order and discipline, and the Court would point out that there is only one master on board a ship and that as chief engineer you are head of a sub-department, and as such it is clearly your duty to promptly obey any lawful orders given by the master. That on two occasions dur- ing the voyage, you did wilfully disobey the lawful commands of the master, Mr. B. W. Pritchard, and did treat him with gross disres- pect. We therefore order your chief engineer's certificate No. 2046 of Victoria to be suspended for a period of 6 months and that dur- ing such time a second engineer's certificate will be granted you, but that before your certificate is returned at the expiration of 6 months, a reference from the master or masters under whom you have served must be produced to this office showing that you have obeyed their lawful commands to their entire satisfaction.

(2) On the 6th day of March, 1916, enquiry was made into the circumstances attending the stranding of the British S.S. Kolya, Official No. 95,100 of Hongkong.

The Court found as below :-

We find that the British Steamship Kolya, Official No. 95,100, left Hongkong bound for Christmas Island in ballast at 7.30 a.m. on the 20th February, 1916, with James Willox, Master, the number of whose certificate is 036,321 of Aberdeen, and George Carpendale, chief officer, and that all went well until abeam of Gap Rock, distant 3' about 11.45 a.m. when a course was set to pass 60′ to the N.W. of North Reef Paracel Island. This course was taken to be S. 56° W. True and was checked by the chief officer while the master was lay- ing it off. The ship was then steered on this course until shortly after 4 p.m. when a deviation of 3° W. having been obtained, the course was altered to S. 60° W. and that course steered without any further check until the ship struck at 5.45.a.m. on 21st February.

We find that these courses were wrongly set and that such courses would take the ship direct to the Point on which she finally struck. The correct course to have steered would have been S. 34° W. True. The Court hold that the stranding was entirely due to the gross carelessness of the master in setting and steering these wrong- ful courses, but taking into consideration that the master took proper action to get the ship off after grounding, we order the master's certificate-foreign going to be suspended for 12 months but grant him a river master's certificate or foreign-going mate's certificate during this period.

The Court orders that George Carpendale, chief officer, is to be severely reprimanded for his carelessness in the navigation of this ship and place the same on record.

I

D 15

(3) On the 13th March, 1916, enquiry was held into the strand- ing of the British S.S. Australian Transport, Official No. 132,812 of West Hartlepool.

The Court found as under :-

We find that the British S.S. Australian Transport, Official No. 132,812, West Hartlepool, of which Frederick Robert Clarke, the number of whose certificate is 010140, West Hartlepool, was master, left Batavia on December 23rd, 1915, for Vladivostock, mean draft 24 feet, and proceeded through the Palawan Passage, and along the N. W. Coast of Luzon and was steering to pass Eastward of Formosa Island when she stranded at 11.45 p.m. on the 4th January, 1916, on the S. W. point of Sama Sana Island or now called Hoi Sho To Island. We consider that up to the time of such stranding the navigation of the ship had been carried out in a proper and efficient manner, and that the track this ship was taking East of Formosa Island was one generally followed by low powered vessels during the N.E. Monsoon. Taking into consideration the position of the ship as shown by Dead Reckoning on the 4th January, we do not consider that the master would have been justified in steering any courses other than he did, as owing to the great depth of water it would be impossible to obtain soundings. The stranding of this ship was in no way the fault of the master or crew, but was entirely due to an unknown current which could not be allowed for, and which set the ship N. 73° W. 12 hours 11' and also to the heavy rain squalls and general bad weather prevail- ing. After the ship struck, every thing was done by the master and crew in a seaman-like way to get the ship off, and we appreciate the tremendous amount of labour necessary to jettison so much heavy cargo under the existing conditions. The Court take this opportunity of congratulating the master, officers and crew on their successful efforts.

(4) On the 5th day of April, 1916, a Marine Court sat to re-hear the investigation into the charge of misconduct made against Warren Smith, the number of whose certificate of competency was 2046 of Victoria, chief engineer of the British S.S. Wollowra, Official No. 104,811 of Hongkong.

The Court found as follows:

We are of opinion that the present Court of Inquiry must be regarded as a new Court quite independent of the other Court which gave its decision on the 11th day of February, 1916. We find that the said Warren Smith was guilty of a gross act of misconduct in defying the master at Saigon inasmuch as he told him that he had no control over him and the engineer room staff. We are also of opinion that the said Warren Smith was guilty of a gross act of misconduct by defying the master when he threw on the table the said letter containing his commands. We are of opinion that what occurred in Hongkong did not amount to a gross act of misconduct although the Court is of opinion that his conduct was most reprehen- sible. We therefore order his chief engineer's certificate No. 2046 of Victoria to be suspended for a period of 4 months, such suspension. to take effect from the 11th day of February, 1916, and that during such time a second engineer certificate will be granted him.

D 16

(5) On the 29th November, 1916, enquiry was held into the fire on board the S.S. Polavon, Official No. 136,811 of London.

The Court found as follows :-

We find that on the 2nd November, 1916, the British S.S. Polavon, Official No. 136,811 of London, was lying alongside the wharf of the Hongkong & Whampoa Dock, Kowloon, for repairs.

A fire broke out on board this ship at about 8 a.m. on the 2nd November, 1916.

We are of the opinion that the fire started in the engine room at the fan engine casing and ignited gases given off by the kerosene from the tank at the fore end of the store room.

We find that through the conflicting and unsatisfactory nature of the evidence, it is impossible to form any definite conclusion as to the actual cause of the fire.

The Court, however, is satisfied that the fire was not caused by either spontaneous combustion or an explosion mechanically produced.

We also wish to add that there was no evidence of arson.

9.-Examination of Masters, Mates, and Engineers.

(Under Board of Trade Regulations.)

23. The following Tables show the number of Candidates examined under Ordinance 10 of 1899 for Certificates of Competency, distinguishing those who passed from those who failed:-

Grade.

Passed.

Failed.

Master,

16

Master, River Steamer,

1

First Mate,

16

Second Mato,

19

13

Mate, River Steamer,

3

ONL

2

Voluntary Examination in steam for Master

or Mate,

1

Total,........

56

26

First Class Engineer,

10

6

Second Class Engineer,

41

14

Total,...

51

20

D 17

For Steamships not exceeding 60 tons, under Section 37 of Ordinance 10 of 1899 :—

For Master,.....

Candidates.

For Engineer,

Total,

Passed. Failed.

71

31.

82

1

153

32

10. Examination of Pilots.

(Under Ordinance No. 3 of 1904.)

24. There were 2 candidates examined during the year. Four- teen licences were renewed.

11.-Sunday Cargo Working.

25. There were 966 permits issued during the year under Ordinance 1 of 1891, as compared with 678 in 1915. Of these 259 were not used as the ships did not arrive up to time, and in some cases it was found unnecessary to work cargo on the Sunday.

The Revenue collected under this head amounted to $116,000 as against $85,250 in 1915.

The increase is due to the shortage of tonnage and the anxiety of ship owners to get their ships away from port as soon as possible.

12.-New Territories.

(Eighteenth year of British Administration.)

26. The Out-stations attached to the Harbour Department con- tinued to perform the work allotted to them and during the year Licences, etc., were issued by them as follows:-

1915.

1916.

Cheung Chau, opened 1899......

2,436

2,676

Tai O,

1899......

2,833

2,696

**

Tai Po,

1900...

2,727

3,573.

>>

Sai Kung,

1902....

709

890

>>

Long Ket, Deep Bay,

1905......

1,271

1,629

""

1911...

1,294

1,168

Lantao,

1912...... 1,362

1,705

وو

12,632

14,337

- D 18

The revenue collected by this Department from the New Terri- tories during the year was $35,292.90 as compared with $34,680.85 in 1915, which shows an increase of $612.05.

13. -Lighthouses.

GAP ROCK LIGHTHOUSE.

27. During the year 1916, seven hundred and fifteen (715) vessels were reported by telegraph as passing this Station and fifty- nine (59) were not reported owing to communication being inter- rupted.

Two thousand seven hundred and thirty-eight (2,738) messages, including meteorological observations for the Observatory, were sent and four hundred and fifty-three (453) messages were received.

Temporary repairs to the telegraph cable, which was broken on the 6th November, 1915, were effected on the 28th January and permanent repairs on the 27th and 28th May. From the 28th Jan- uary telegraphic communication was maintained throughout the year, except for a few minor interruptions.

There were ninety-one (91) hours and twenty (20) minutes of fog during the year and the fog signal was fired five hundred and seventy-five (575) times.

On three (3) occasions the relief was delayed by rough weather.

WAGLAN ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE.

During the year 1916 three thousand and twenty-five (3,025) vessels were reported. One thousand seven hundred and sixty-nine (1,769) messages were sent and five hundred and eight (508) were received.

Owing to telegraphic interruptions, one hundred and forty-six (146) vessels were not reported.

There were one hundred and seventy-seven (177) hours of fog and the fog signal was fired one thousand eight hundred and thirty- six (1,836) times.

On one occasion the relief was delayed owing to rough weather.

GREEN ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE.

During the year, 722 vessels were reported. 356 messages were sent and 182 received.

Owing to telephone communication being interrupted on four occasions during the year, 11 vessels were not reported.

D 19

CAPE COLLINSON LIGHTHOUSE.

On the 1st March, this Station was equipped with a new 4th order unwatched Aga flash light of the following character:-flash- ing 1 second light and 5 seconds darkness, viz., 10 flashes per minute. The cost was £135.

MA WAN ISLAND.

On the 1st August, a new 5th order unwatched Aga flash light was installed of the following character:-flashing second light and 2 seconds darkness, viz., 20 flashes per minute. The cost of the light was £135.

The Aga lights installed at the Fairway and Cust Rock buoys, at the Yaumati Harbour of Refuge, and the above lights are working in a most efficient manner and give great satisfaction.

BUOYS.

In April the Government finally took over all the Merchant buoys in the harbour. These buoys have been classified as A, B, and C buoys and relaid to suit trade conditions of the Port. Seven have been placed in the Coal anchorage at Wanchai, and twelve in the Rice anchorage at West Point, for the convenience of these trades. In all there are now forty-five (45) buoys as follows:-

9 A class for ships over 400 feet in length. Government

charge is $8 per day for this class.

15 B class for ships under 400 feet in length. Govern-

ment charge is $6 per day for this class.

21 C class for ships under 300 feet in length. Govern- ment charge is $4 per day for this class.

The buoy scheme is now in full working order and the revenue for the year amounted to $51,916.00 from this source.

I think I may add that the scheme is generally much appreciated by the shipping, and considerably improves the facilities and convenience of the Port.

STAFF.

On the 1st June, Mr. J. M. Franco, 9th Lightkeeper, retired on pension after 25 years service under this Government.

On the 21st June, Mr. C. E. Nicholas, Principal Lightkeeper, retired on pension after 24 years service under this Government and 12 years under the Trinity House Service.

Early in August this department suffered a great loss by the death of the Acting Assistant Harbour Master, Lieutenant Davey, R.N.R. This Officer was. just over 40 years of age and had served in the Harbour Department for nine years with marked ability. He was a most valuable Government servant, ready at all times to serve the public, tactful, energetic, courteous, and of sound judgment. He will be in my opinion very difficult to replace.

D 20

On the 1st December, the Acting First Boarding Officer, Mr. A. W. Daily, was seconded for active service under the Indian Govern- ment and has since been granted a Commission in the Royal Engineers.

HARBOUR DEPARTMENT,

10th March, 1917.

C. W. BECKWITH, Commander, R.N.,

Harbour Master, &c,

COUNTRIES WHENCE AI

-

D 21

Table I.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of VESSELS ENTERED AT PORTS

Australia and

New Zea-

land.

British North

Borneo.

Canada.

Coast of China,

Ships.

Coast of China, Steamships

under 60 tons.

Coast of China,

Junks.

:

:

23

20

29

3.069

45,214 35,495 163,357 2,219,446

1,942| 1,729|7,540

145,944

Transit,

22,000

55,000

531,000

Discharged, . 13,000 176,000 44,000

502,000

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

Vessels,..

WITH CARGOES.

Car-

goes,

Vessels,.

Tons,

Crews,.

Cochin China.

:

:

Continent of

Europe.

Egypt.

Formosa.

185

2

256,772

5,928

12,214

209

22,000

2,000

:

:

:

:

Tons,.

Crews,...

[Vessels,

Tons,

Crews...

:

:

147

:

:

202,555

9,203

23

20

29

3,216

45,214 35,495 | 163,357 2,422,001

449,000

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1:

372,687 352,238| 414,390

87

149

128

11

16,680

722

...

7,258 15,801 12,461

349,000 223,000 365,000 2,000

147,000| 218,000 115,000 22,000

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

185

N

256,772 5,928

1

92

70

:

:

:

***

I

ST

149

128

1

11

92 372,687 352,238 | 414,390 16,680

TOTAL.

Car-

goes,

Transit,

Discharged,.

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,......

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Car-

goes,

Transit,

Discharged,

Vessels,.

Tons,

Crews,...

[Vessels,.

Tons,.

Crews,....

TOTAL.

Car-

goes,

1,942 1,729 7,540

155,147

12,214

209

22,000

13,000 76,000 |44,000

...

55,000

531,000

22,000 2,000

502,000

12

10 23

44,213 14,974 99,054

1,258 418 2,046

35,000

9,000

1,266 1,171

861,987 44,249|764,335| 163,825 147,308

62,270 21,246| 100,823 7,625 5,338

183,000

1,000 70,000

449,000

....

6,928

139

4,000 23,000 27,000

347,000 7,000 328,000| 236,000

15,000

:

179 2,003 · 4,797

192,261 60,592 655,929

:

:

7,251 18,695 78,749

::

12

10

23

Transit,

Discharged,

Vessels,..

35

30

52

WITH CARGOES.

Car-

Tons,..

Crews........

goes,

Transit,

Discharged,

89,427 50,469 | 262,411

3,200 2,147| 9,586

57,000

64,000

17,000 99,000 71,000

1,445 | 3,174 11,725

44,213 14,974 99,054 1,054,248 104,841 1,420,264 163,825 147,308

1,258 418 2,046 69,521 39,941 179,572 7,625

5,338

35,000

9,000 183,000

1,000 70,000

4,000 23,000 27,000 347,000 7,000 328,000 236,000 15,000

4,335 1,171 6,928 324

3,081,433 14,249 764,335 420,597 153,236

208,214 21,246 100,823 19,839 5,547

714,000

23,000 72,000

819,000| 7,000| 328,000| 685,000 15,000

139

35

1J4

25

...

35

112

24

70 7,258 15,801 12,461 722

349,000 223,000| 365,000 2,000

147,000 218,000 115,000 22,000

78 429

121,765 | 126,495| 204,553|1,046,648 217,732 42,56€

6,934 3,220 4,414 29,225 6,145 4,489

|27,000| 129,000| 257,000| 755,000 |137,000

...

:

77

8:

50,000 21,000 69,000 912,000 170,000 26,000

2

1

1

36

:

:

1,777

672

71

79

5,195

43

3,465

565

:

:

:

79

465

77

89

37

112

111

227

123,542 127,167 209,748 1,050,113 217,732 42,56

7,005 3,299 4.457 29,790 6,145 4,489

27,000 129,000 257,000| 755,000 | 137,000

50,000 21,000 69,000 912,000 170,000 26,000

88

121,765 | 499,182 | 556,791|1,461,038 234,412 |42,56

6.934 10,478 20,215 41,686 6,867 4,489

27,000 478,000 480,000 1,120,000| 139,000

|50,000 | 168,000 287,000 |1,027,000||192,000 26,00

557

8

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

Vessels,.

Tons,.

Crews....

326 2,003 4,797

394.816|60,592| 655,929

16,454 18,695 78,749

3

1

36

:

:

1.869

672 5,195

141

79

43

3,465

565

52

Transit,

Discharged,

3,200 2,147 | 9, 586

57.000

64,000

17.000 99,000 171,000

35 30

4,661 3.174 11,725

89,427 50,469262,411 | 3,476,249 | 104,841 1,420,264 120,597 | 153,236

224,668 39,941 179,572 19,839 5,547

714,000

849,000 7,00| 328,000| (85,000

324

37

115

:

112

228

593

88

82

123,000

72,000

15,000

123,634 499.854 | 561.986|1,464,503 234,412 42,56-

7,075 10,557 20,258 42,251 6,867 4,439

27,000 478,000 180,000 1,120,000 129,000 50.000 168,000 | 287,000 1,027,000 192,000 26,000

[Vessels,

Tons,.

Crews,...

TOTAL.

Car-

goes,

D 21

T PORTS in the COLONY of HONGKONG from EACH COUNTRY, in the YEAR 1916.

ES WHENCE ARRIVED.

Java and

other

Islands in

the Indian

Archipelago.

Kwang-chau-

wan.

Է

:

Ships.

Macao,

under 60 tons.

Steamships

Macao,

Macao, Junks.

Mauritius.

N. America.

N. & S. Pacific.

Philippine Islands.

28

11

90 16,680

1,094

718,578

61

722

45,900

100

8

2,000

00 22,000

:

:

50,000

2

1,530

78

:

:

:

¡4,358

164

(2,000

Port Arthur.

Hainan and Ports in

Gulf of

Tonkin.

Russia in Asia.

Siam.

South Africa.

America. South

Tsingtau.

of America.

United States

Wei-hai-wei.

TOTAL.

116

189,875

147

11

103

G3

159,638 47,481| 123,600 5,592

1

32

18

5,229

7,892

14,000

95,000

8,970 1,034 7,077 180

26,000 38,000

11,000 3,000

257,000 8,000 183,000 1,000

560 119,930 20,731 5,272,550

48 1,968 1,159 280,212

1,000 108,000 6,000 1,808,000

57,000 22,000 2,261,000

:

:

:

w

8,249

205

:

Q

:

:

:

:

1

3,006

50

154

215,432

9,606

2

32

18

5,383

00 2,000

00

22,000

3 8 3 8 8

28

11

1,096

90

16,680

720,108

61

722

45,978

50,000

:

:

:

:

:

:

4,358

119

198,124

147

11

103

164

41,000

8,097

***

2,000

95,000

:

29

77

82

124

16

267

10

2

1

159,638 47,481 | 123,600 | 5,592

8,970 1,034 7,077 180

26,000 38,000 11,000 3,000

257,000 8,000 183,000 1,000

140

3,566 119,930 20,731 5,487,982

98 1,968 1,159 289,818

1,000 108,000 6,000 1,808,000

57,000 22,000 2,261,000

147

5

48 217,732 42,564

21,906

415 38,973

25

6,145 4,489

1,786

135 3,009

00137,000

:

:

:

00 170,000 26,000

25,000

36

55

10

10

:

10

3,778

564 58,838

412

124 8,962

20,000

16 573

77

82

144

13 217,73242,564

25,684

32 840

97997,811

10 6,145

4,489

2,198

259 12,571

0137,000

0170,000 20,000 |

25,000

:

20,000

17

88

82

1,228

16 267

:

C1

38 234,11242,564 | 740,484

415 38.973 4,358

...

8 8 =

36 6,867 4.489 47,686

135 3.609 164

00 139,000

:.

00 192,000 26.900

75,000

$20,000 2,000

36

15

12

16

573

:

:

:

5.308

564 58,838

10

490

1248,962

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

...

:

:

:

:

21,318 3,716 109,643 | 2,080| 139,024

560 77 7.022 32 7,758

15,000 3,000 16,000

16,000 3,000 116,000 3,000 239,000

9,000

:

:

:

6

11,197

26,778 7,624 315,586| 1.366 4,588,131

575 236 9,887 101 287,229

66,000

1.712,000

16,000 12,000 144,000 2.000 2,831,000

81

2

1

1

375 1,919

10

43

1

7,621

810

986,175

40

:

:

115,044

11

21,693 5,635 109,643 2,080 | 139,834

140

1

148

5

81

2 18,818

15,000 3,000

570 120 7.022 32

16,000

7,798

576

9,000

66,000

|26,778|| 7,624 315,586 1,366 |5,574,306

402.273 236! 9,887 101

1.712,000

16,000 3,000 116,000 3,000| 239,000

126

287

12

250

2

16,000 12,000 144,000 2,000 2,831,000

7. 113

20 16,426

211,193 3,716 269.28: 49,561 262,624 5,592 26,778 8.184 435,516 22,097 (9,860,681

8,452 77

59,000 3,000

15,992 1,066

42,000 38,000

14.835 180

20,000 3,000

567,441 575 284 11,855 1,260

1,000 174,000 6,000 3,520.000

1

8.624 1,919

215

43

:

:

:

1

810

40

111,000 3,000 373,000|11,000| 422,000 1,000 16,000 12,000 201,000 24,000 5,092,000)

7,775

:

3,006

50

1,201,607

124,650

30

88

82

1,240

32

840

2

18 234,412 |42,564 | 745,792

979 97,811 4,358

1 6.867 4.439 48.176

30 129,000

259 12,571 164

10 192.000 20,000 75,000

20,000 2,000

:

:

130!

237

12

251

2

5

113

20 24,201

219,817 5,635| 269,281|19,561 | 263,434| 5,592 26,778 11,190 435,516 22,097 11,002,288

$

8,667 120 15,992 1,066

59,000 3,000 42,000 38,000

14,875 180 575

20.000| 3,000

334 11,855 1,260 | 692.091

1,000 174,000 6,000 3,520,000

111,000 3,000| 373,000|11,000 422.000 1.000 16,000 |12,000 201,000 24,000 5,092,000

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES:

TOTAL.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

Australia and New Zealand.

British North

Borneo.

*}}}uG,J

Ccast of China,]

Ships.

Coast of China, | Steamships under 60 tons.

Coast of China, Junks.

D 22.

Table II.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of VESSELS CLEARED AT

COUNTRIES TO WHI

Cochin China.

Continent of

Europe.

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,

20

17

32

3,337

40,616 31,428 (187,300

2,412,421

1,809 1,567 9,272

150,384

Cargoes,

32,000 7,000| 56,000

686,000

Shipped, Bunker

Coal,...

5,000 2,000

74,000

Vessels, .

Tons,

11

44

33,026

54,757

Crews,

559

2,755

Bunker Coal,

4,000

6,000

Vessels,

Tons,.

20

28

32

3,381

40,616 64,154 187,300 2,467,178

93

1

1

65

194

31

I mad

119,287

3,809

6,522|294,200 | 416,869 | 490,493

1,406

5,797

60

67

110 6,401 19,891

12,897

699

60

:

47,000

6,000

14,000 182,000

62,000 1,000

19,000

4,000 51,000 29,000

:

63

2

I

:

Crews,

(Cargoes,. 32,000 | 7,000 | 56,000 Shipped, Bunker

1,809 | 2,126 | 9,272 153,139

656,000

⠀ .⠀

:

:

:

:

75,860

6,170

6,029

276

:

:

92

:

:

22

6

1

:

:

32,198

9,762

3,794

60

1,493

384

90

90

15,000

2,000

8,000 1,000

:..

156

3

2

05

216

40

2

195,147

9,979

6,614 294,200 | 449,067 | 500,255

5,200

11,826

47,000

343

170

6,000

6,401 21,364 13,281

14,000 182,000 62,000 1,000

150

Coal,...

5,000 | 6,000

80,000

34,000 2.000

4,000 59,000 30,000

:

Vessels, i

14

1

32

1,414 662 9,945

49

24

26

Tons,

47,857 1,056 128,993

939,483 31,022 1,456,353 56,901 | 111,359

Crews,

1,452 38 2,538

71,318 16,169 | 159,752

2,611

5,070

Shipped, Bunker

Cargoes, 11,000

Coal,.. 3,000

54,000

321,000 13,000 | 896,000

8,000

3,000

71

110

116,111 | 134,204 265,542 618,418 | 222,025 36,710

6,210 3,571 5.106 14,613

5,390 4,453

179,000 18,000 100,000 110,000 93,000|16,000

213

69

75

1,000

41,000 19,000

12,000

14,000

7,000 33,000

6,000 6,000

[Vessels,

Tons,

13

1

Crews,

16,341

506

3,424

70 2,547 1,818

106,934 74,452 | 142,028

49

:

45

49

126

3

2

50,223

j55,531

:

16,671| 239,892

9,254

842

·

47

3,680 23,465

21.986

2,415

1,691

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

1,000

2:000 2,000

8,000

2,000

14

14

33

1,481 | 3,209

11,763

98

24

116

26

1,125 5,132

2,000 1,000

159 339

206

89

1,000

:

72

77

Tons,

47,857 17,397 132,417

1,046,417 | 105,474|1,598,381| 107,124 | 111,359

171,642

Crews,

Shipped, Bunker

1,452 544 2,585

Cargoes, 11,000

54,000

Coal,... 3,000 1,000 1,000

74,998 (39,634 | 181,738

321,000 (13,000 | 896,000

43,000 21,000

5,026

5,070

7,901

8,000

3,000

(79,000

3,571 6,231 19,745

18,000|100,000 | 110,000

134.201 282,213 888,310 | 231,279 37,543

5,596 4,542

93,000 16,000

Vessels,

34

18

64

662

Tons,

Crews,

88,473 32,484 316,293|

3,261 1,605 | 11,810

4.751

3,351,904 31,022 | 456,353 | 176,188 | 115,168

221,702 16,169 | 159,752 8,403

5.137

9.945

20,000 14,000

142

2,000

9,000 34,000

7,000 6,000

25

72

91

304

247

70

75

Shipped, Bunker

Coal,... 8,000 2,000

Cargoes,. 43,000 | 7,000|110,000|| 1,007,000|13,000|896,000

1,000

55,000

3,000

85,000

115,000 19,000

31,000

14,000

4,000 58,000

Vessels,

24

1

114 2.547

Tons,

49,367

1,818

3,424 161,691 74,452| 142,028 | 126,083

112

2

46

9,972 24,977 | 27,510

32,000 282,000 | 172,000

62,000

132

| 122,633 | 428,404 | 682,411 1,138,911) 223,431 36,701

6,320

5,450 4,453

94,000 16,000 1

6,000 6,000

71

4

2

6,170

55,623

Crews,

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

1,065

5,000

47

6,435 23,165 || 21,986

8,414

276

1,751

8,000 2,000

23,000

2,000

2,000

48,869 249,654

2,618 5,516

10,000 2,000 1,000

13,048

842

296

$9

:..

34

42

65

4,865 | 3,209 11,763

254

27

118

91

375

379

74

77

Tons,

4.

Crews,

3,261 2,670 11,857

88,473 81,851 319,717| 3,513,595 105,474 1,598,381| 302,271 | 121,338

228,137 39,634 | 181,738 16,852

5,413

Shipped, Bunker

Cargoes.. 43,000 | 7,000|110,000| 1,007,000 |13,000| 896,000| 55,000

3,000

Coal,... 8,000 | 7,000 1,000 123,000 21,000

54,000

16,000

2,000

178,250 428,404 731,280 1,388,565 236,479|37,543 | 6:

8,071 9,972 27,595 33,026

85,000 32,000 282,000 172,000

4,000 68,000 64,000

5,746 | 4,542

94,000 16,000] 10

7,000 6,000

wan.

| Java and other

Islands in

the Indian

Archipelago.

Kwongchau.

wan.

RIES TO WHICH DEPARTED.

Ships.

Macao,

under 60 tons.

Steamships

Macao,

Junks.

Macao,

D 22

RED AT PORTS in the COLONY of HONGKONG to EACH COUNTRY, in the YEAR 1916.

Mauritius.

North America.

Philippine Islands.

Hainan and Ports in

Gulf of

Tonkin.

Port Arthur.

Russia in Asia.

$

Siam.

South Africa.

America.

South

South Pacific.

Tsingtau.

1,406

60

1,000

3,794

90

B

:

2

5,200

150

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

1,001

600,987

40,061

100,000

20,000

121

88

27

27

49

10

1

183,490

90,442

84,827

58.823 14,298

:

8,217

6,067

1,912

3,501 118

:

:

23

7

5,117

1,143

82,318 20,532

5,141,211

58 1,429 1,252

:

137,000

47,000

3,000

20,000 10,000

1,000

42.000 16,000

271,186

1,469,000

23,000 7,000

$,000

17,000 2,000

4,000 1,000

266,000

1

765

99

9

2

J

268

:

39

:

39

:

:

:

:

8,276 123,733

348

2,000

11,736

:

2,336

4,096

366,601

5,439

588

$6

49

12,000

:

3,000

:

1.000

:

:

18,195

51.000

1,002

601,752

:

:

:

127

187

27

58

5

191,766 214,175

84,827

70,559 14.298

222,025 36,710 | 21,384

نت

9,254 842 4,155

231,279 37,543 | 25,539

40,103

1,000

100,000

20,000

69

75

132

15

617

385 69,828

5,390 | 4,453

1,716

119 9,071

93,000 16,000

6,000

6,000 6,000

1,000

3

2

8

20

102

671 15,337

206

89

420

157

963

1,000

1,000

72

77

140

35

1,056

85,165

5,596 4,512

2,136

276 10,034

93,000 16,000

6,000

50,000

8,595 11.506

1,912

4.092 418

137,000

47,000

3,000

20,000 10,000

A

25,000

19,000

8,000

20,000 2,000

:

:

:

1

24

7

5,385

2,336

1,143

86,111 20,532

5,507,812

ناة

58

1,478 1,252

1,000

42,000 16,000

289,381

1,469,000

5,000 1,000

320,000

:

5

120

3

121

90

13,814

10,396

84,147

7,920 128,218

28,781

313,017

4,860,334

230

5,568

148

8,440

598

9,871

334,052

50,000

1106

:

:

:

1,000

50,000

:

100,000

21,000

116,000

2,096,000

8,000

77

1,000 46,000

:

5,000

203,000

2

11

I

3

4,952

7,207 103,875

1,552 10,365

4,081

1,706

· 13,485

878,027

140

:

:

719

:

:

:

:

:

:..

3.568

104

568

:

42

38

122

66,464

6,000

:

2,000

:

1,000

1,000

30,000

197

132

1

93

18,766

17,803 188,022

9,472 138,583

28,784

370

9.136

252 9,008

598

4,081

42

1,706 326,538

:

5,738,361

38 9,993

400,516

:

1,000

50,000

100,000

21,000

A

70

7,000 6,000 2,000

75 1,133

223,431 36,701 | 622,371

14,000

1,000 48,000

1,000

146,000

6,000

2,096,000

233,000

15

617

126

208.

30.

170

1113

7

18,931 ----

385 69,828

194,086 | 174,589

..་་*

5,450 4,453

£1,780

119 9,071

8,477 11,635

94,000 16,000| 106,000

6,000 6,000

:

50,000

138,000

:..

21,000

4

2

9

20

102

13,048 842 4,920

671 15,337

296

89

459

157

963

1,000

1,000

74

77

1,142

35

719

:

:

97,000

23,000 15,000

|92,747 | 187,041 14,298

2,060 11,944 418

3,000 120,000 10,000

9,000

28,784

:

1.143 395,365 20,532 | 10,001,515

598

58 11,300 1252

21,000

1,000 188,000 16,000

605,238

3,565,000

63,000 2,000

9,000 1,000

10

176

2

20

:

3

1

4

15,483 227,608

4889,007

1,552

104

22,101

6,417

1,706 17,582

469,000

5,220

1,244,628

1,156

2,000

18,000

5,000

128

1,000

38

171

84,659

2,000

84,000

136

381

32

190

5

3

2

36,479 37,543 | 627.291 1,056 85,165

209,569 | 402,197

5,746 4,542 42,239

276 10,034

94,000 16,000 106,000

50,000

7,000 | 6,000 22,000

8,965 20,642

138,000 97,000

25,000 ||| 33,000 |

94,299 209,142 14,298

2,164 13,100 418

3,000 | 120.000 10,000

9,000 68,000 2,000

28,784

598

6,417

128

21,000

117

7

2,819 412,947 20,532 || 11,246,173

96 11,471 1,252

1,000 188,000 16,000

24,151

689,897

3,565,000

1,000

11,000 1,000

553,000

of America.

United States

Wei-hai-wei.

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

TOTAL.

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST.

--·

WITH CARGOES.

D 23-

Table III.-TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of VESSELS ENTERED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONGKONG in the YEAR 1916.

NAMES OF PORTS.

Vessels,

Tons,

Crews,.

:

Aberdeen.

Cheung Chau.

Long Ket.

Saikung.

:

:

:

:

:

Shaukiwan.

Stanley.

Tai O.

Tai Po.

Yaumati.

Victoria.

Hunghom.

TOTAL:

5,229

5,272,550

280,212

In Transit,

Cargoes,

Discharged,...

Vessels,

1,808,000

:

:

:

:

Tons,

Crews,

Vessels,

Tons,

:

:

:

Crews,

In Transit,

Cargoes,

Discharged,...

:

:

:

:

:

2,261,000

154

:

215,432

5,229

5,272,550

280,212

1,808,000

2,261,000

154

215,432

9,606

9,606

5,383

5,383

5,487,982

5,487,982

289,818

:

1,808,000

2,261,000

:

:

289,818

1,808,000

2,261,000

Vessels,

290 50

18

28

64

34 10,713

11,197

Tons,

7,605 2,897

1,011

1,492

1,571

2,442 4,571,113

4,588,131

Crews,...

1,901 564

171

235

385

430

283,543

287,229

Cargoes,

In Transit,

Discharged, 3,000 800

1,712,000

1,712,000

400

900

500

1,400 2,824,000

2,831,000

Vessels,

35 56

2

8.

78

37

7,405

7,621

Tons,

1,056 1,870

38

840

1,381

3,918

977,072

986,175

Crews,.

(Vessels,

Tons,

255 529

:

325

106

220

10

86

:

471

551

113,142

115,044

20

36

142

71 18,118

18,818

Crews,

8,661 4,767

2,156 1,093

1,049 2,332

2,952

6,360 5,548,185

5,574,306

181

321

856

:

981

396,685

402,273

i Cargoes,

In Transit,

Discharged,

1,712,000

1,712,000

:

3,000

800

400

900

500

1,400 2,824,000

2,831,000

Vessels,

290 50

18

28

64

34

15,942

16,426

Tons,

Crews,

7,605 2,897

1,901

1,011

1,492

1,571

2,442 9,843,663

9,860,681

564

171

235

385

430

563,755

567,441

:

In Transit,

3,520,000

3,520,000

Cargoes,

Discharged, 3,000 800

400

900

500

:

1,400 5,085,000

5,092,000

Vessels,

35

56

N

8

38

78

:

37

7,559

7,775

Tons,

1,056 1,870

840

1,381

3,918 1,192,504

1,201,607

Crews,..

Vessels,

255

529

10

325

106

20

888

86

471

551

122,748

124,650

36

142

71

23,501

24,201

Tons,

8,661 4,767

1,049

2,332

2,952

6,360 | 11,036,167

11,062,288

Crews,

2,156 1,093

181

321

856

981

Cargoes,

In Transit,

Discharged,

686,503

3,520,000

692,091

3,520,000

3,000

800

400

900

500

1,400 5,085,000

5,092,000

1

܂

Victoria.

D 24

Table IV.-TOTAL NUMBER, TONNAGE, CREWS, and CARGOES of VESSELS CLEARED at EACH PORT in the COLONY of HONGKONG in the YEAR 1916.

NAMES OF PORTS.

Cheung

Chatu.

Bay. Deep

Hunghom.

Long

Ket.

Saikung.

Shaukiwan.

Aberdeen.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:.

:..

:

[Vessels,

Tons.

Crews,

Cargoes,

Shipped.

Bunker Coal,.

Vessels,

Tons,

BRITISH.

IN BALLAST,

WITH CARGOES.

Crews,

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

Tons,

TOTAL.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Stanley.

Tai O.

:

:

Tai Po.

:

:

:

:

Yaumati.

TOTAL.

5,117

5,117

5,141,211 5.141,21

271.186

271,186

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Crews,

Cargoes,

:

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,.

Vessels,

110 82

Tons,

Crews,

Cargoes,

2,891 3,066

749

880

1,000 1,000

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,.

:

WITH

CARGOES.

..

1,469,000 1,469,000

266,000

266,000

268

268

366,601

366,601

18,195

18,195

54,000

54.000

5,385

5,385

:

:.

:

10

22

106

:

464 1,450

2,356

85 200

682

1,000

1,000

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Vessels,.......

Tons,

Crews,...

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

Tons,

149

12

2,030 546

824 130

259

94

4,921 3,606

FOREIGN.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

5,507,812 5,507,812

289,381 289,381

1,469,000 1,469,000

:

320,000 320,000

13,484

13,814

4,850,113 4,860,334

331,456

334,052

2,092,000 2,096,000

:

:

:

203.000

203,000

10

10

56

4,715

4,952

584

997

$15

873,055

878,027

96 117

300

64,997

66,464

30,000

30,000

20

20

18,199 18,766

:

32

162

1,048 2,447

3,171

181 317

982

1,000

1,000

Crews,

1,573 1,010

Shipped,

Cargoes,

| Bunker Coal,.

1,000 1,000

***

:

Vessels,

150

82

Tons,

2,891 3,060

Crews,

749

880

Cargoes,

1,000 1,000

Shipped,

Bunker Coal,

Vessels,

149

12

Tons,

2,030

546

824 130

BALLAST.

WITH CARGOES.

TOTAL.

NI

Crews,

Bunker Coal,

(Vessels,

:

:

10

22

106

464 1,450

2,356

85 200

682

1,000

1,000

:

5,728,168 5,738,361

396,453 400,516

2,092,000 2,096,000

233,000! 233,000

18,601

18,931

9,991.324 | 10,001,545

:

:

602,642

605,238

3,561,000 | 3,565,000

469,000

4,983

469,000

5,220

1,239,656 1,244,628

$3,192 84,659

:

:

:

:

:

10

10

SE

56

584

997

$15

95

96

117

300

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:.

259

94

4,921 | 3,606

1,573 1,010

Crews,

Cargoes,

1,000 1,000

Shipped,

Bunker Coal, .

Tons,

TOTAL.

:

20

32

162

1,048 2,447

3,171

181

817

982

1,000

1,000

:

:

:

:

84,000

84,000

24,151

23,584

11,230,980 | 11,246,173

685.834

€89,897

3,561,000 | 3,565,000

553,000

553.000

:

:

D 25

Table V.--NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong in the Year 1916.

NATIONALITY

OF VESSELS.

ENTERED.

WITH CARGOES.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

Vessels. Tons. Crews.

British,

5,229 5,272,550 280,212

154

American,

45

113,031 3,281

2

215,432 5,570

9,606 53

5,383 5,487,982 289,818 47 118,601 3,334

Austrian,

Belgian,

Chinese,

1.267

778,930 62,610

49

26,021

1,875

Chinese Junks,

7,195

803,308 104,432

5,370 |714,767

87,711

1,316 12,565

804,951 64,485 1,518,075 192,143

Danish,

4

13,440

Dutch,

123

345,162

154 9,792

4 13,440 154

12 14,551

507

135

539,713 10,299

French,

134

269,437 13,301

134

269,437 13,301

German,

Italian,

Japanese,

836 1,947,374 55,745

152 157,008

5,078

988 2,104,382

60,823

Norwegian,

164

168,156

8.692

164

168,156

8,692

Portuguese,

219 64,077

6,746

15 5,620

882

234

69,697

7,628

Russian,

15

15,970

783

1

672

79

16

16,642

862

Siamese,

1

810

40

}

810

40

Swedish,

8

24,582 312

8

24,582

312

No Flag,

Steamships under 60

tons trading to ports outside the Colony,

TOTAL,

1,187 44,664 21,381

2,019

61,156 18,819

3,206

105,820 40,200

16,426 9,860,681 567,441

7,775 1,201,607 124,650 24,201 |11,062,288 | 692,091

Table VI.-NUMBER, TONNAGE, and CREWS of VESSELS of EACH NATION

CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong in the Year 1916.

NATIONALITY

OF

WITH CARGOES.

CLEARED.

IN BALLAST.

TOTAL.

2.429

Danish,

Dutch,

French,

VESSELS.

British,

American,

Austrian,

Belgian,

Chinese,

Chinese Junks,

Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews. Vessels. Tons. Crews.

5,117 |5,141,211 271,186

34

87,140

1,261 764,636 70,407 10,562 1,526,181 168,823

4 13,440 167 117 331,926 8,209 131 267,329 13,176

1,312 803,164 72,874 12,482 1,683,546| 191,772

268 366,601 10 25,373

18,195 492

44 112,513

5,385 5,507,812 289,381 2,921

51 38,528 2,467 1,920 157,365 22,949

4 13,440 167

19

32,815

934

136

364,741 9,143

4 2,813

163

135

270,142 13,339

German,

Italian,

Japanese,

675 1,624,586| 40,458

310478,775

12,582

985 2,103,361| 53,040

Norwegian,

112

113,204 5,836

53 55,879

2,340

165

169,083

8,176

Portuguese,

224

Russian,

9

65,919 7,552

9,984

9

3,616

498

233

69,535

8,050

434

6,658

342

16

16,642

776

Siamese,

810

40

1

810

40

Swedish,

8

24,582

273

8

24,582

273

No Flag,

1

272

35

1

272

35

Steamships under 60 tons

trading to ports outside the Colony,

677

31,407 16,288

2,567 75,123 23,622

3,244 106,173 39,910

TOTAL,... 18,931 10,001,545 605,238

|

5,220 1,244,628 84,659

24,151 | 11,246,173 689,897

Table VII.

Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers, and Cargoes of Junks ENTERED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong, from Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1916.

CARGO..

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Tons.. Crew.

Passen- Ves-

Cargo, gers. Tons. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen- Ves-

gers. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen- Cargo, gers. Tons.

Canton,

West River,

Macao,

East Coast,

West Coast,

1,005 164,122 18,310 3,678 | 441,757 60,743 267 38,973 3,609

2,072 | 145,114 19,525

173 13,342 2,245

$7,7252,288 | 415,291 42,325 60,881 |126,641 |2,101|221,534 33,159

19,658 578 58,838 8,962 52 111,393 166 7,003 1,268 78 2,133 242 12,101 1,997

4 2,238 152,117 20,793 415 25,443 4,242

3,293| 579,413 60,635 1,910 5,779 | 663,291 93,902

840 97,811, 12,571

87,725

62,791

126,641

19,658

56111,393

78

2,133

Total, 1916,

7,195 | 803,308

104,432

61,011 347,550 5,370 714,767 87,711

1,914 12,565 1,518,075, 192,143

€2,925 347,550

Total 1915,

7,820 727,819|162,188

26,964 | 354,994 | 6,122 | 768,125 95,961

3,749 13,442 1,495,944, 198,149 30,713 354,994

1.

D 26

:

Table VIII.

Total Number, Tonnage, Crews, Passengers, and Cargoes of Junks CLEARED at Ports in the Colony of Hongkong, for Ports on the Coast of China and Macao, in the Year 1916.

CARGO.

BALLAST.

TOTAL.

D. 27

Vessels. Tons. Crew.

Passen- Cargo, Ves- gers. Tons. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen- Ves. gers. sels.

Tons. Crew.

Passen- Cargo. gers. Tons.

Canton,.

3,913

West River,

4,328

Macao,

:

East Coast,

West Coast,

660,971 69,578 580,615 71 7,767 919 489,070 73,912 53,907 279,707 979 54,300 13,265

617 69,828 9,071 44,977 102 15,337 963

1,420- 287,258 12,622 30,493) 723 79,289 7,517

284 19,054 3,610 10,574 45

3,984 668,738 70,497

2,483 5,307 543,370 87,207 | 56,390 279,707

580,615

...

719 85,165 10,034

44,977

672

255

39 2,143

7 329

366,547 20,169 |

19,726| 3.865

39

30,493

7 10,574

Total, 1916,

10,562 1,526,181| 168,823

53,907

946,366 1,920 | 157,365-| 22,949-

2,529 12,482 1,683,546-191,772 56,436946;366-

Total, 1915,...

11,827 1,320,562 185,112

4,506 29,938 1,044,506 1,825 | 137,199 20,568

457,761| 2,454 13,652 1,457,761| 205,680 32,392 1,044,506

FOREIGN TRADE.

D 28

Table IX.

Summary of Arrivals and Departures of all Vessels..

1915.

1916.

No. OF VESSELS.

TONS.

CREW.

NO. OF VESSELS.

TONS.

CREW.

British Ships entered with Cargoes,

5,152

5,400,519

276,139

Do.

do. in Ballast,

177

286,934

12,525

5,229 154

5,272,550 215,432

280,212

9,606

Total,

5,329

5,687,453

288,664

5,383

5,487,982

289,818

British Ships cleared with Cargoes,

5,077

5.273,041

273,645

5,117

5,141,211

271,186

i.

Do.

do. in Ballast,

258

420,945

15,198

268

366,601

18,195

Total,

5,335

5,693,986

288,843

5,385

5,507,812

289,381

Foreign Ships entered with Cargoes,

2,585

3,758,863

156,785

2,915

3,740,159

161,416

Do.

do.

in Ballast,

193

211,299

10,357

232

210,252

8.514

Total,

2,778

3,970,162

167,142

3,047

3,950,411

169,930

Foreign Ships cleared with Cargoes,

2,207

3,283,559

140,811

2,575

3,302,746

148,941

Do.

do. in Ballast,

580

697,648

20,661

465

645,539

19,893

Total,

2,787

3,981,207

161,472

3,040

3,948,285

168,834

do.

Steamships under 60 tons entered with Cargoes,

Do.

1,263

46,962

20,968

1,187

44,664

21,381

do.

in Ballast,

2,122

66,734

21,573

2,019

61,156

18,819

Total,

3,385

113,696

42,541

3.206

105,820

40,200

Steamships under 60 tons cleared with Cargoes,.

748

33,266

17.284

677

31,407

16,288

Do.

do.

do.

in Ballast,

Total,

2,689

81,548

26,175

2,567

75,123

23,622

3,437

114,814

43,459

3,244

106,530

39,910

Do.

do. in Bailast,

Junks entered with Cargoes,

7.320

727,819

102,188

7,195

803,308

104,432

6,122

768,125

95,961

5,370

714,767

87,711

Total,

13,442

1,495,944

198,149

12,565 1,518,075

192,143

Junks cleared with Cargoes,

do. Do.

in Ballast,

11,827

1,320,562

185,112

1,825

137,199

20,568

10,562 1,526,181

1,920

168,823

157,365

22,949

Total,

13,652 1,457,761

205,680

12,482

1,683,546

191,772

Total of all Vessels entered,

Total of all Vessels cleared,

24,934 11,267,255 26,211 11,247,768

696,496

699,454

24,201 11,062,288 24,151 11,246,173

692,091

689,897

Total of all Vessels entered and cleared,

Foreign Trade,

51,145

22,515,023

1,395,950

48,352 22,308,461

1,381,988

མཁས་པ་མ་

LOCAL TRADE.

Total Junks entered,

17,112

671,275

157,659

17,320

712,310

123,934

Do.

cleared,

17,404

675,815

160,459

18,136

728,062

113,303

Total Local Trade entered and cleared,

34,516

1,347,090

318,118

35,456

1,440,372

237,237

Total Foreign Trade entered and cleared, Total Local Trade entered and cleared,

51,145

22,515,023

1,395,950

48,352

22,308,461

1,881,988

34,516

1,347,090

318,118

35,456

1,440,372

237,237

Grand Total,

85,661

23,862,113

1,714,068

83,808

23,748,833

1,619,225

PLACES.

Outside the Waters of the Colony

1

Table X.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Entered in the Colony of Hongkong during the year 1916.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crews.

Passengers.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crews.

Passengers.

Cargo,

TOTAL.

Within the Waters of the Colony, 1915,

148,766

2,835,149 1,143,013

...

Do.,

1916, .

190,622 | 3,679,605 | 1,521,558

74,703 2,176,254 88,972 2,686,783

553,478 3,746,897 684,144 | 6,274,583

2,407

5,495

223,469 | 5,011,403 | 1,696,491 | 3,746,897 279,494 | 6,316,388 2,205,702 6,274,583

2,407

5,495

Tons.

Vessels.

Tonnage.

Crews.

Passengers.

Cargo,

Tons.

Canton,.

1,113 27,593 9,161

488 13,296 4,265

27 1,601 40,889 13,426

27

West River,

Macao,

57 1,753

16 564 124

546

154 7,005 2,300

387 3,290

211 8,758 2,846 387 3,290

16 415 135

32 979 259

East Coast,

43 1,218 414

Other places,

790 (30,028| 8,574| 671

Total,.

2,019 61,156 18,819|

431 21,637 13,138 |12,745 4,157

98 2,311| 1,543

474 22,855 |13,552|12,745 4,157

888 32,339 10,117) 671

671 1,187 44,664 21,381 |13,132 7,474 3,206|105.820 40,200|13,803 | 7,474

.

1

D 29

PLACES.

Table XI.

Statement of Licensed Steam-launches Cleared in the Colony of Hongkong during the year 1916.

TOWING.

NOT TOWING.

TOTAL.

Vessels. Ton- Crews. nage.

Passen- Vessels.

gers.

Ton-

nage.

Crews.

Passen- Cargo, Vessels. gers. Tons.

Ton-

nage.

Crews. Passen- Cargo,

gers.

Tons.

Bunker

Coal,

Tons.

Do.,

Within the Waters of the Colony1915, 1916,

148,550 2,828,901 | 1,140,917 190,294 3,672,985 1,515,342

74,919 | 2,182,502 555,574 | 8,712,208 89,200 2,643,403 1,016,280 | 6,295,888

3,189

4,181

223,469 | 5,011,403 1,696,491 8,712,298 279,494 | 6,316,388 | 2,535,622 6,295,888

3,189

39,112

4,181

45,694

Outside the Waters of the Colony

D

30

Canton,.

West River,.....................

1,533 38,257 12,828.

86 2,471

778

687

:

Macao,

20 671 157

72 2,576 12 1,950

138 6,504 2,186 462 5,592 15 385 119

1,605 40,833 |13,515

12 1,950 12,095

224 8,975 2,964 462 5,592 | 2,140

3

35 1,056 276

3 185

East Coast,

Other places,

107 3,004 981

82130,720 8,878 1,037

78

386 20,337 12,745 12,746 5,520

66 1,605 551

79

Total,

2,567 75,123 23,622 1,115

493 (23,341 13,726 12,824 5,520 3,655 88732,325 9,429| 1,116

677 31,407 16,288 13,299 13,065 3,244 106,530 39,910 14,414 13,065 21,318

3,233

Table XII.

1

Number of Boat Licences, Permits, etc., issued and fees collected during the year 1916 as compared with the previous year. (Under Table UT, Section 40, of Ordinance No. 10 of 1899.)

1915.

1916.

DESCRIPTION.

LICENCE. LICENCE DUPLI- Books.

REPAINT-

CATE.

SPECIAL

ING. PERMITS.

FEES.

LICENCE. LICENCE DUPLI- REPAINT- Books.

CATE.

SPECIAL

ING. PERMITS.

FEES.

$

$

Licence Book, $1.00 each,

ל,

>:

""

""

$2.00

$10.00

>>

"}

Repainting, $0.25

>>

"3

3,086

1

3,086.00

3,374

...

2.00

10.00

...

2,676

669.00

5,216

Fish Drying Hulks,

Special Permits

Passenger Boats, Classes A & B,.]

Lighters, Cargo & Water Boats,

Other Boats,...

Duplicate Licences,

2,494

623.50

2,060

3,374.00

1,304.00

514.00

1,116

...

1,640

10,595

69

7,315.91

1,169

40,695.49

1,697

7,470.75

40,893.58

39,671.94

11,605

42,207.16

489.25

59

454.75

3

3.00

9

9.00

TOTAL,

13,420 | 3,088

32,676

2,494 | 92,566.09

14,5303,374

95,216

2,060 | 96,227.24

Refunded on Lighters laid up,...

177.69

Total, ...$92,388.40

27.00

Total,...$ 96,200.24

D 31

D 32

Table XIII.

Comparative Statement of Revenue collected in the Harbour Department during the Years 1915 and 1916.

Sub-head of Revenue.

Amount

1915.

Amount 1916.

C.

$

C.

1. Light Dues, Ordinance 10 of 1899,

Special Assessment,

2. Licences and Internal Revenue not other-

wise specified :-

Boat Licences, Ordinance 10 of 1899, Chinese Passenger Ship Licences, Or-

dinance 1 of 1889,

Emigration Brokers' Licences, Ordi-

nance 1 of 1889,

75,475.75 93,008.43

75,031.83

87,445.72

92,388.40 96,200.24

1,365.00

1,515.00

1,400.00 1,000.00

Fines,

13,963.33

8,811.09

Fishing Stake and Station Licences,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,

159.80

178.40

Fishing Stake and Station Licences, do.,

from the New Territories,

2,469.60

2,599.90

Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899, ... 40,632.00

42,885.34

Junk Licences, &c., Ord. 10 of 1899,

from the New Territories,

10,430.00

10,814.00

70.00

130.00

7,389.25

7,501.00

Pilots' Licences, Ordinance 3 of 1904, Steam-launch Licences, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

3. Fees of Court or Office, Payments for specific purposes and Reimburse- ments-in-Aid :-

Engagement and Discharge of Seamen,

Ordinance 10 of 1899,...

Engagement of Masters and Engineers of Steam-launches, Ord. 10 of 1899, Examination of Masters, &c., Ordinance

10 of 1899,

Fees for use of Government Buoys,-

Ordinance 10 of 1899,...... Gunpowder, Storage of, Ord. 10 of 1899, Medical Examination of Emigrants, Ord.

1 of 1889,

Official Signatures,

Printed Forms, Sale of,

Registry Fees (Merchant Shipping Act),

Ordinance 10 of 1899,..

Steam-launches, Surveyor's Certificate,

Ordinance 10 of 1899......

Survey of Steamships, Ordinance 10 of

1899,......

Sunday Cargo Working Permits, Ord.

1 of 1891,.......

Total,..

29,278.40 30,400.60

1,802.50

271.00

258.00

2,962.50

1

6,632.73 | 50,722.00 7,693.33

4,600.78

*46,031.00 +72,686.50

2,152.00 186.75

6,066.00 182.00

1,763.00 1,278.00

4,395.00 4,215.00

27,030.6326,248.34

85,250.00 116,000.00

$551,237.90 649,732.24

* † See next page.

D 33

* Statement of Emigration Fees, 1915:

Revenue collected by.

Harbour Department,...... $ 46,031.00

Office of Secretary for

3,584.00

7,284.00

Expenditure incurred by.

$ 4,200.00 (Estimated.)

Chinese Affairs,

Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health,

Medical Department,...

889.82

16,211.34

$ 56,899.00 $ 21,300.66

Net Revenue...$ 35,598.34

† Statement of Emigration Fees, 1916:-

Revenue

collected by.

Harbour Department,...... $ 72,686.50

Office of Secretary for

Chinese Affairs,

5,212.50

Stamp Office, on account

of Bill of Health,

Medical Department,..

8,284.80

Expenditure incurred by.

$ 4,200.00 (Estimated.)

3,363.32

16,673.03

$86.183.80

$ 24,236.35

Net Revenue..

$ 61,947.45

Table XIV.

Summary of Chinese Emigration from Hongkong for Ports other than in China, during the year 1916.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

GRAND TOTAL.

Children.

WHITHER BOUND.

Adults

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Total.

Total.

Total.

M. F. M.

F.

DI.

12.

J.

F

M.

M

M.

F

- Ď 34 --

Africa,

133

27

29

192

133

27

Australia,

1,764

1,779

795

13

811| 2,559

22

Calcutta,

453

45

25

16

544

458

46

આ I

29

3

192

7

2

2,590

25

16

544

Canada,

3,968

16

105

2 4,091 104

B

107) 4,072

19

105

4,198

Dutch Indies,

521

133

36

22

712

14,657

614

583

153 [16,007|15,178

747

619 175

16,719

Fiji,..

90

90

6

6

96

96

Honolulu,

1.650

98

65

35

1,848] 1,650

98

65

35

1,848

Japan....

138

138

372

52

B

3

440 510

52

13

578

Mauritius,

692

94

86

878

692

94

86

6

878

Mexico,

192

201

192

1

8

201

Sandakam

983 156

89

32 1,259

13

13

996

155

89

32

1,272

South America,..

861

35

42

940

861

35

42

2

940

Straits Settlements,

56,626 13,353

1,854

1,682 |76,515 | 5,219

697

260

100 6.28261,845 14,050| 5,120 1,782 82,797

Tahiti,

12

12

:

:

Timor,

51

51

12

51

12

51

U. S. of America,..

425

17 · 34

478| 8,794 68 381

16 4;259| 4,219

85 415

18

4,737

Total 1916,

Da. 1915,

5,861 13,849 | 5,264| 1,765 (86,739 (27,663| 1,581| 1,359 35,494 | 7,714 || 2,434 | 1 016 46,588|19,246 | 1,108 | 1,147|

Total Passengers by British Ships, Total Passengers by Foreign Ships,

311 30,914 [93,524|15,430| 6,623| 2,076|117,653 186 21,687 54,670| 8,822| 3,581|1,202| 68,275

Excess of l'assengers by British Ships,.

[65.861 [13,849] 5,264 1.765 86,739 27,668 1,581} 1,359 371 30,914

38,198 12,268|3,905| 1454 | 55,825

1

Table XV.

Statement of average number of Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in

China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1880 to 1915 inclusive.

1880.

1885.

1890.

1895.

41,720

63,138

66,706

1900.

60,360 66,961

1905.

73,103

1910.

1915.

88,452

109,110

Table XVI.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants from Hongkong to Ports other than in China, for Ten Years, from 1907 to 1916, inclusive.

Whither bound.

1907.

· 1908. 1909, 1910. 1911. 1912. 1913. 1914. 1915.

1916.

Straits Settlements, Males, Straits Settlements, Females,

Total,

83,048

49,639

71,141 40,716 40.129 65,372 83.875 68,809 85,099 36,764 32,440 11,907 8,893 7,887 11,333 17,031 15,215 17,254 8,210 8.838 48,016 76,705 | 100,906 84,024 102,353 44,974 41.278 82,797

70,525

12,272

Other Ports, Males,

22,829

21,299

Other Ports, Females,

90

143

28,965

449

33,692

661

Total,

22,919

21,442

29,414

33,935 37.791 39,001 724 842 1,405 34,353 34,659 88,633 40,406

30,358 25,811 964 1,126

33,181

1,674

31,322

26,937 34.855

Grand Total,

105,967

71,081

77,430 | 111,058 | 135,565 | 122,657 |1 42,759 76,296

68,215 | 117,652

- D 35

Table XVII.

Summary of Chinese Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, during the Year 1916.

BRITISH SHIPS.

FOREIGN SHIPS.

GRAND TOTAL.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

Adults.

Children.

WHERE FROM.

Total.

Total.

Total.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

M.

F.

Australia,

1,919

54 143

21

2,137

307

13

25

349

2,226

67

168

25

2,486

Sandakan,

598

23

25

653

598

23

25

7

653

1

Bangkok,

845

37

49

18

949

597

13

32

648

1.442

50

81

24

1.597

Canada,

4,660

99

161

28

4,948

4.660

99

161

28

4.948

Dutch Indies,

7,415

180

263

53

7,911

7,415

180

263

53

7,911

Honolulu,

62

1

2

65

107

3

120

169

4

12

185

D 36

Japan,

98

8

120

98

8

9

120

Mauritius,

904

21

15

946

904

21

15

946

Straits Settlements,

United States of America,

Total Passengers, 1916....

33,798

720

595 157

35,270

11,740

255

321

69

12,385

45,538

975

916

226

47,655

595

24

29

655

4,879

144 184

42

5,249

5,474

168 213

49

5,901

43,381

979 | 1,019

244

Do.,

1915, ..

78.209

1,119 | 2,223

506

45,623 25,143

82,057 25,770

616 814

179

26,782

68,524

1,595 | 1.863

423

72,405

582 1,100

244

27,696 103,979

1,701 | 3,323

750 109,753

Total Passengers by British Vessels,. Total Passengers by Foreign Vessels,

43,381

979 | 1,019

244

45,623

25,143

616 844

179 26,732

Excess of Passengers by British Vessels,

68,524

1,595 | 1,863

423

72,405

I

1

Table XVIII.

Statement of average number of Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, for Quinquennial Periods from 1880 to 1915 inclusive.

1880.

48,114

1885. 1890. 1895. 68,830 96,068 104,118

1900.

109,534

1905. 1910. 137,814 146,585

1915.

151,728

Table XIX.

Number of Male and Female Emigrants Returned to Hongkong from Ports other than in China, for

Ten Years, from 1907 to 1916 inclusive.

Where from.

1907. 1908. 1909. 1910. 1911. 1912. 1913. 1914. 1915.

1916.

Straits Settlements, Males, Straits Settlements, Females,

Total,

121,935 |125,228|112,093 |110,439 |114,069 | 123,594 |123,363 | 136,753 2,403 4,422 3,387 7,524 5,688 7,869 10,381 4,605 124,338 | 129,650 |115,480 |117,963 | 119,757 | 131,463 | 133,744 | 141,358

79.349

46,454

1,482

1,201

$0,831

47,655

Other Ports, Males, Other Ports, Females,

Total,

21,387

27,869 29,180 30,986

97

290

161

615

28,816 30,335 31,756 26,462 27.953 23,923 1,321 1,450 1,421 1,007 969 $27

21,484

28,159 29,341 31,601 30,137 31,785 33,177 27,469 28,922

24,750

Grand Total,

145,822 | 157,809 |144,821 |149,564 | 149,894163,248 | 166,921 |168,827 | 109,753 72,405

- D 37 -

Table XX.

Return of Vessels Registered at the Port of Hongkong during the Year 1916.

Name of Vessel.

Official

Number.

Registered

Tounage,

Horse

Lower.

Rig. Build. Where and when built.

Remarks.

1. Hai Hong,

101,726

269.97

275 Fore 2 aft Clencher Walker-on-Tyner, ...1899 Schooner

Transferred from Dunedin, N.Z.

2. Egret,

137,698

7.16 18

Cutter Carvel Hongkong,

1915

3. Tein Wing,

139,551

20.55 50

None

4. Favonius,

137,699 112.55

(Clencher

**

"}

5. Caurus,

137,700 112.35

""

"

6. Saihing,

7. Saifat,

8. Kajang,

139,552 49.31 139,553 139,556 1,275.58

100

>>

Straight

1912

19.16

75

115

Carvel Schooner Clencher

Foreign Name “Kurtung Foreign Name "Kinsai "

11

1916

י,

9. Sing Sing,

137,697

6.68

+ None Carvel

1915

10. Singaporean,

11. Kamuning,

12. Hsin Shameen,

13. Carah,

14. Kepong,

15. San Ning,

87,587 829.64 129 139,557 1,275.23 1,156 139,558 25.65 50 None 139,559 120.91 50 139,562 1,322.25 |1,452| Schooner 139,563 303.27 66 None

Schooner [Clencher] Sunderland,

1883

Purchased from foreigners.

??

Hongkong,

1916

>>

Carvel Clencher Canton, Hongkong,

1915

1916

#

17

D 38 -

Table XXI.

Return of Registers of Vessels Cancelled at the Port of Hongkong during the Year 1916.

Name of Vessel.

Official

Number.

Registered

Tonnage.

Date of

Registry.

Rig.

Build.

Where and when built.

Reason of Cancellation.

1. Tien Ma,.

127,005

35.72

6/8/09

:

2. Senegambia,

3. Chit On,

128,681

36.20 | 18/1/10

4. Peregrine,

5. Kiuling,

137,685 | 2,386.75 14/5/15 Schooner Carvel

98,975|1,536.85 28/9/16 Schooner Clencher Dundee, 116,051 2,511.23 | 10/9/04

6. Sunning,

139,560 | 1,570.10 4/12/16 Schooner

Carvel

Hamburg, ...

Mongkok, Kowloon, 1909

1895

Sold to foreigners.

Do.

יי

Hongkong,

1909 Totally lost.

+

1891

Transferred to Shanghai.

Hongkong,

1904

Burnt.

...1916 Transferred to London.

1:5

1

D 39

D 40

Table XXII.

Number and Tonnage of Vessels in Foreign Trade Entered and

Cleared since 1907.

YEAR.

No. OF

VESSELS.

TONNAGE.

1907

47,660

23,032,891

1908

45,403

22,305,131

1909

43,794

22,415,125

1910

38,727

23,067,391

1911

44,978

23,063,108

1912

46,603

24,269,270

1913

47,520

25,821,652

1914

51,214

25,279,624

1915

50,148

22,515,023

1916

48,350

22,308,311

Net Increase of 690 vessels in 1916 against 1907, and a Decrease of 724,581 tons for the same period.

Table XXIII.

Revenue and Expenditure of the Harbour Department.

Year.

Total Revenue of Department.

Total Expenditure of Department,

Percentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

C.

c.

%

1907,

348,300.10

160,389.48

46.05

· 1908,

357,768.52

163,579.54

45.72

1909.

462,469,82

172,680.55

37.34

1910

494,234.84

160,035.89

32.38

1911

506,964,85

161,149.32

31.76

1912,

549,275.40

149,043.58

27.13

1913,

612,672.08

168,069.06

27.42

1914,

579,442.92

173,214.01

29.89

1915,

551,237.90

166,465.04

30.19

1916,

649,732.24

165,295.31

25.44

1.000.

}>

1869.

1870.

1871.

1872.

1873.

1874.

1875.

1876.

1877.

1878.

1879.

1880.

1881.

1882.

1883.

1884.

1885.

1886.

1887.

2

'8381

1889.

Table XXIV.

DIAGRAM of Tonnage entered at Hongkong, from 1867 to 1916 inclusive.

"presents British Shipping Tonnage only.

ACK LINE represents German Shipping only.

D LINE represents Japanese Shipping only.

1 represents Foreign Shipping Tonnage

GREEN LINE represents British and Foreign Ship- ping Tonnage.

YELLOW LINE represents Junk Tonnage only, ex- cluding Local Trade.

VIOLET LINE represents Steam-launch Tonnage only, excluding Local Trade.

THICK BLACK LINE represents entire Foreign Trade in British and Foreign Ships, Junks and Steam-

launches.

1890.

1891.

1892.

1893.

1894.

1895.

1896.

1897.

1898.

1899.

1900.

1901.

1902.

1903.

1904.

1905.

1906.

1907.

1908.

1909. 1910.

1911. 1912. 1913.

14,000,000

13,800,000

13,600,000

13,400,000

13,200,000

13,000,000

12,800,000

12,600,000

12,400,000

12,200,000

12,000,000

11,800,000

11,600,000

I1,400,000

[11,200,000

11,000,000

1914.

1915.

1916.

TONS.

L

1200T

1869.

1870.

1871.

1872.

1873.

1874.

1875.

1876.

1877.

1878.

1879.

1880.

1881.

1882.

1883.

1884.

1885.

1886.

1887.

'8381

1889.

only.

1

! represents Foreign Shipping Tonnage

THICK BLACK LINE represents entire Foreign Trade Foreign Ships, Junks and Steam-

in British

and

launches.

1890.

1891.

1892.

1893.

1894.

1895.

1896.

1897.

1898.

1899.

1900.

1901.

1902.

*

1903.

1904.

1905.

1906.

1907.

1908.

1909.

1910.

1911.

1912. 1913.

1914.

1915.

1916.

14,000,000

13,800,000

13,600,000

13,400,000

13,200,000

13,000,000

12,800,000

12,600,000

12,400,000

12,200,000

12,000,000

11,800,000

11,600,000

11,400,000

11,200,000

11,000,000

10,800,000

10,600,000

10,400,000

10,200,000

10,000,000

9,800,000

9,600,000

9,400,000

9,200,000

.9,000,000

8,800,000

8,600,000

8,400,000

8,200,000

8,000,000

7,900,000

7,800,000

7,700,000

7,600,000

7,500,000

7,400,000

TONS.

7,900,000

7,800,000

7,700,000

7,600,000

-7,500,000

7,400,000

7,300,000

7,200,000

7,100,000

7,000,000

6,900,000

6,800,000

6,700,000

6,600,000

6,500,000

6,400,000

6,300,000

6,200,000

6,100,000

.6,000,000

5,900,000

5,800,000

5,700,000

5,600,000

5,500,000

5,400,000

5,300,000

-5,200,000

5,100,000

5,000,000

4,900,000

-4,800,000

-4,700,000.

4,600,000

4,500,000

-4,400,000.

-4,300,000

4,200,000

4,100,000

4,000,000

3,900,000

3,800,000

3,700,000

3,600,000

3,500,000

3,400,000

3,300,000

2.200.000

។ ...

3,400,000

3,300,000

3,200,000

3,100,000

3,000,000

2,900,000

2,800,000

2,700,000

2,600,000

2,500,000

2,400,000

2,300,000

2,200,000

2,100,000

2,000,000

1,900,000

1,800,000

1,700,000

· 1,600,000

1,500,000

1,400,000.

1,300,000

1,200,000

1,100,000

1,000,000

900,000.

800,000

700,000

600,000

500,000

400,000

300,000

200,000

100,000

90,000

80,000

50,000

40,000

30,000

20,000

Appendix E.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF IMPORTS

AND EXPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1916.

LIQUORS CONSOLIDATION ORDINANCE.

1. The revenue collected from liquor duties and licensed ware- houses for 1916 was $793,762.24 as compared with $626,574.97 in 1915. The general details are as follows:--

Duties, European Liquors,

1916. .$208,598.84

1915. $173,001.24

Duties, Chinese Liquors,

579,376.40

Licensed Warehouse Fees,

5,750.00

447,533.73 6,000.00

Licensed Warehouse Overtime

Fees,

37.00

40.00

Total,

$793,762.24 $626,574.97

On 1st March, 1916, a general increase was made in the duty on all varieties of intoxicating liquor. The increase made varied for the different kinds of liquors but can be taken roughly as an average increase of 25 per cent. The increase in the receipts from European liquors does not equal the amount of the increase in the duty, but the decrease in the consumption thus shown is due to the general conditions of the trade. The trade in Chinese liquors is in a very flourishing state. The increase in the duty on Chinese liquors is more than fully shown in the increase of revenue, and at the same time the export of Chinese wines and spirits from the Colony shows a satisfactory increase as compared with 1915. The local distilleries continue to do well and have benefited consider- ably by the general improvement in the trade in Chinese wines and spirits for which the Colony is a market.

Full details of the trade in European liquors are given in Table I and in Chinese liquors in Tables II and III.

OPIUM MONOPOLY.

2. Arrangements were made to purchase raw opium direct from the Indian Government from the beginning of the year, and regular monthly supplies are now shipped by the Indian Govern- ment. The arrangement has proved very satisfactory. The total quantity of raw opium boiled during the year including confiscated raw opium was 365 chests as compared with 345 chests in 1915.

E 2

3. The gross revenue derived from the sale of opium was $5,811,110.15 as compared with $4,765,028.59 in 1915. The price of prepared opium was raised twice during the year: on February 5th it was raised to $11.50 per tael and again on April 20th to $12.00 per tael.

4. A large number of seizures were again made during the year, but as will be seen from Table IV the amount of the seizures of raw opium shows a large reduction as compared with the figures for 1915. This reduction would appear to be largely due to steps taken in the United Kingdom to prevent the export of raw opium. There is a slight increase in the seizures of prepared opium. As I have mentioned in previous reports the traffic in smuggled opium is a traffic through the Colony and can only be satisfactorily dealt with at the various sources of supply.

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF RAW OPIUM.

5. Tables V to VII show the details of the import and export of raw opium.. An agreement was made in October, 1915, under which the Commissioner for the suppression of opium for the province of Kwang Tung undertook to purchase the remain- ing stock of certified opium held in Hongkong from the opium merchants of Hongkong. The disturbances in the Kwang Tung province appear to have interfered with the carrying out of this agreement and after the first two months of the year the export of opium to the Kwang Tung province practically ceased.

The total amount of certified opium imported into the Kwang Tung province during the year only amounted to 83 chests. 180 chests were exported to Shanghai. Persian opium continued to be imported into the Colony, practically the whole imports going forward to Formosa. Uncertified opium was imported for the Government Monopoly and the Macao Opium Farmer. One lot of 170 chests uncertified opium which was being shipped nominally for Mexico was returned to Calcutta owing to the suspicious nature of the shipment.

SUGAR.

6. Tables VIII and IX show the details of the import of sugar for the year. The fee for certificates of origin under the Sugar Convention Ordinance was reduced from $5.00 to $2.00 to bring them into line with the various other certificates now issued by the department.

TOBACCO.

7. On July 7th an Ordinance was introduced imposing a duty on all tobacco consumed in the Colony, and the collection of this duty was undertaken by this department. The procedure introduced was similar to that already in operation in regard to intoxicating liquors, with the exception that duty was charged on stocks of

E 3

J

tobacco in the Colony at the time of the passing of the Ordinance, where such stocks exceeded 100 lb. in weight. Some difficulty was experienced in the earlier stages in checking the actual stocks of tobacco in the Colony, but once this difficulty was overcome and a satisfactory list had been drawn up of the various kinds of tobacco that come on the market, the collection of duty proceeded smoothly. The actual revenue derived from tobacco from July 15th to Decem- ber 31st was $211,000.00 being slightly in excess of the amount estimated for. As in the case of intoxicating liquors, no duty is payable on tobacco imported or manufactured for export from the Colony. Details of the duty collected will be found in Tables X and XI.

IMPORTATION AND EXPORTATION ORDINANCE.

8. As mentioned in last year's Report legislation was intro- duced in December, 1915, to enable the department to deal with the importation and exportation of goods to and from the Colony with the object of controlling the movement of prohibited goods and of preventing trading with the Enemy. Under the Importation and Exportation Ordinance, with a few very minor exceptions, no goods can be exported from the Colony without an export permit. The same rule applies to imported goods with the exception of goods from river ports and coast ports within 50 miles radius. Vessels of all kinds trading to these ports are allowed to land their cargo without permit, a manifest only of such cargo being furnished to the department. This exception is necessary to prevent undne hindrance to this short-distance traffic. In the case of certain classes of goods export is only allowed under bond that a satisfac- tory landing certificate will be returned from the declared destina- tion. In more important cases exportation is only allowed after reference to the Secretary of State for the Colonies. In addition to controlling the class of goods exported, the permit system also enables the department to check the shippers and consignees of goods under the White and Black List system.

9. The work involved in the issue of permits, and the check- ing of such permits against ships' manifests, has been very considerable. Table XII gives a list of the number of permits, manifests, and other documents which have been handled by the department during the year.

10. A beginning has been made under the permit system to collect statistics of the trade of the port of Hongkong, but the miltifarious demands made by this Ordinance and other war measures on the department, added to the great difficulty of finding room for increased staff, have made it impossible to keep full records for 1916.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

The nett revenue collected by the department during the year was $6,826,324.36 as against $5,393,535.56 collected in the pre-

E 4

vious year (1915), showing an increase of $1,432,788.80. Details are as follows :-

REVENUE IN REVENUE IN

1916.

1915.

INCREASE.

DE-

CREASE.

Liquor Duties,

793.762.24

626,574.97

Opium Monopoly,

*

5,811,110.15

4,765,028.59

167,187.27 1,046,081.56

Tobacco Duties,.

211,181.73

211,181 73

Forfeitures,

7,681.75

7,681,75

Sugar Certificates and

Permits,

1,185.00

Official Signatures Fee,

1,400.00

1,520.00 412.00

335.00

988.00

Interest,

.....

3.49

3.49

Total,....

6,826,321,36

5,393,535.56

1,433,123.80

335.00

**

Including $56,788.69 opium fines transferred.

The actual expenditure of the department for the year was $753,228.85 as against $777,935.52 expended in 1915.

R. O. HUTCHISON, Superintendent of Imports and Exports.

20th May, 1917.

Balance in

Bond on

Class of Liquor.

31st

Arrivals.

December,

1915.

Table I.

Exported

ex Ship

to Ship

Remaining in Bond on the 31st Dec., 1916.

Ship's Consumed Stores.

Locally.

In Holt's

In H.K. & K,

or ex

General

Godown Co.'s

In Licensed

Bond.

Bonded

General Bonded Warehouses.

Total in

Bond.

Warehouse.

Warehouse.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons. Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons,

Gallons.

Gallons.

Ale, Beer, and Stout,.

60,671

397,201

191,097

23,927

182,867

4,344

24,852

30,785

59,981

Bitters,

184

1,096

906

29

184

18

32

111

161

Brandy,

|

7,528

53,093

41,086

882

4,919

394

1,246

12,094

13,734

California Wine,

1,522

1,522

Champagne,

1,158

4,026

2,373

232

1,212

30

116-

1,221

1,367

E 5

E

Claret,

. Cider,

2,207

20,556

(1) 14,181

382

4,613

10

436

3,141

3,587

261

4,697

111

4,560

67

220

220

Gin,.

3,068

25,731

12,715

2,921

5,094

34

686

7,349

8,069

Ginger Wine,

·

71

548

216

191

212

212

Liqueurs,.

2,005

5,953

4,169

653

742

124

312

1,958

2,394

Malaga,

Madeira,

157

18

5

Marsala,

192

86

11

10 00

49

72

Medicated Wine,

116

312

318

27

985

115

...

115

187

187

83

83

Muscatal,

Port,

3,194

11,830

6,924

822

2,915

Prune Wine,

120

40

114

40

518

3,731.

39

...

4,363

79

(1) Includes 709 gallons for manufacturing tobacco.

Table I,-Continued.

Balance in

Exported.

Remaining in Bond on the 31st Dec., 1916.

Bond on

ex Ship

Class of Liquor.

31st

Arrivals.

to Ship

Ship's

Stores.

Consumed

Locally.

December,

1915.

or ex

In Holt's

General

In H.K. & K. Godown Co.'s

In Licensed Warehouses.

Bond.

Bonded

Warehouse.

General Bonded

Total in

Bond.

Warehouse.

E 6

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gullons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons.

Rum,

1,251

(1) 9,968

(2) 683

282 (3) (4)8,663

128 (5) 1,463

1,591

Sake,

214

7,194

1,203

331

5,636

238

238

Sherry,

2,462

4,444

1,813

480

1,457

46

362

2,748

3,156

Sparkling Wine,....

421

369

4

162

324

226

68

300

Spirit of Wine & Arrack,

13,133

250,289

162,907

10 | (6) 87,152

12,638

715

13,353

Other Still Wine,

2,363

18,700

16,089

469

1,992

82

862

1,569

2,513

Tonic Wine,

4

10

10

4

4

Vermouth,

2,078

8,638

4,959

608

1,910

25

618

2,596

3,239

Vibrona,

14

61

66

9

9

Whisky,

Wincarnis,

17,044

75,529

40,500

8,051

17,222

2,622

614

42

326

302

...

23,564

66

26,800

66

Wine (European),

(1) Includes 7,815 gallons distilled locally.

(7) 49,763

49,763|

...

(2)

"

(3)

340

18

15

#

#

""

""

:)

,1

6,957

""

"3

1:

for manufacturing tobaccco.

(5) Includes 500 gallons in distillery.

**

for burning, perfumery, etc.

(6) 87,035 (7) Re-exported without examination.

1

Table II.

Balance in Bond on 31st Dec., 1915.

Consumed

Arrivals.

Locally.

Exported.

Denatured and used for

Vinegar, etc.

Remaining in Bond on the 31st December, 1916.

Distilled Locally.

ex Bond

Bond.

Dis-

Im- Distilled Im- Distilled tilleries. ported. Locally. ported. Locally. ex Ship ex Dis- to Ship. tillerics.

or

ex Bond.

Im- Distilled! ported. Locally.

In

Holt's In Li.

General censed

Bonded eral Bond- Ware- Ware-ed Ware- houses. house.

In

H.K. & K.

Godown

Co.'s Gen-

In Dis-

tilleries.

i

E

7

1,096

11,723 32,065

96

1,427

194

5,864 106,233

86

756

2,655

house.

Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons, Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons.

Not more than 25%

35%

45%

of alcohol by weight, 11,111 34,192 | 846,313 1,232,160 560,276 994,967 284,129 95,791 50,538 207 1,282 48,792 16,418 24,904 21,873 25,603 6,544 2,730 134,602 671 | 696,535 50,445 34,934 913 684,106 3,466 2,772

200 92,991

43,879

50%

2,062

8,930

"+

""

Above 50%

84

"

Total,

147,982

1,814

84

36,145 1,600,654 1,307,509 618,981 1,012,298| 999,605 |105,801 56,040

5,767

:

:

:.

200136,870

:

:

:

7,812 | 122,038 32,645

:

--

Table III.

Return of Distilleries during the year 1916.

Output.

1916.

Consumed

locally.

Sold into Bond.

Gallons. Gallons.

Gallons: Gallons.

Gallons.

Gallons. Gallons.

Gallons.

Hongkong and New Kowloon,

Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight, 660,656 | 444,329|

39,337 72,652

86,911

17,427

1

35%

14,744

5,366

2,448

6,544

386

45%

}}

Rum,

50,053 | 692

7,815

2,124 3,466

43,704

67

E 8

18

60

280

6,957

500

|

Total,

733,268 450,405 43,969

82,942

6,957

43,704 86,911

18,380

35%

Manufactured in New Territories Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight. 390,361 | 349,941, 11,201 for local consumption in Hongkong,

23,139

6,080

11,190

10,908

282

45%

1,044

221

648

175

Total,

402,595 361,070

361,070 12,131

23,139

175

6,080

کا

R

Exported.

for

Denatured Denatured for making Tobacco.

preserving Bean-curd.

Used for

Vinegar.

Stock on

31st Dec.,

1916.

Table III,-Continued.

Return of Distilleries during the year 1916,—Continued.

.

Output.

1916.

Consumed

locally.

Sold into

Bond.

Exported.

Denatured Denatured

for

for making preserving Tobacco. Bean-curd.

Used for

Vinegar.

Stock on

31st Dec.,

1916.

| Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons. Gallons, Gallons.

14,638

108

Manufactured in New Territories Not more than 25% of alcohol by weight, 215,335| 200,697 for local consumption,

35%

252

144

"}

45%

19

25

>>

Hongkong and New Kowloon,

Total,.

215,606 | 200,841

1

19

14,765

E 9

733,268 | 450,405

402,595 | 361,070

12,131

43,969 82,942

23,139

6,957 43,704 86,911

18,380

175 6,080

215,606 200,841 į

14,705

Grand Total,..

1,351,469 1,012,316 56,100 106,081 6,957

43,879

92,991

33,145

Manufactured in New Territories for consumption in Hongkong,

Manufactured in New Territories for local consumption,

January,

February,

March,.

April,

May,

June,

July,

August,

September,

October,

November,

December,

Table IV.

Seizures of Illicit Opium.

of

Seizures.

Number

of

Convictions.

Amount of Opium and Opium Dross Confiscated.

Raw Opium. Prepared Opium. Dross Opium.

Number

Month.

Total,

Taels.

Taels.

Taels.

17

12

72

13

23,639.0

414.5

161.5

10

20,658.0

941.5

27.0

29

20

1,500.0

1,163.5

29.0

38

27

2,058.0

1,019.0

23.8

42

29

4,800.0

1,661.4

22.0

22

15

1,800.0

2,573.3

50.0

20

13

3,108.0

52.7

20.0

26

14

5,217.0

3,584.0

39.3

29.

19

745.0

2,640.7

2.7

30

13

23,196.0

3,460.8

176.8

35

26

227.0

3,659.8

199.0

35

30

228.0

715.5

5.5

335

229

87,176.0

21,886.7

756.6

Total for 1915,

230

163

205,678·0

19,499.1

294.6

- E 10

:

Table V.

Varieties of Certificated and Un-certificated Opium Imported and Exported during the year 1916.

CERTIFICATED.

-E 11 -

UN-CERTIFICATED,

Grand

Malwa. Patna. Benares. Total. chests. chests. chests. chests.

Persian. Patna. Benares. Total. chests. chests. chests. chests.

Total.

chests.

Stock on 1st January, 1916,

3271/

427

219

973

117

173

40

330

1,303

Imported during the year 1916,

31

4

35

641

*75

*955

1,671

1,706

327

458

223

1,00812

758

248

995

2,001

3,0091

Exported during the year 1916,

111

72

80

263

734

+75

†595

1,404

1,667

216

336

143

7451

24

173.

400

597

1,342

Boiled by Government Monopoly during the year 1916,

87

278

365

365

:

...

Spurious Opium destroyed,

:

:..

:

...

Balance on the evening of the 31st De-

cember, 1916,

216

386

143

745

24

86

122

232

977/

* For Hongkong Government Monopoly and Macao Opium Farmer.

q

† For Macao Opium Farmer 500 chests and 170 chests returned to Calcutta, see note (1) to Table VI.

By Steamers to China :-

Canton,

Shanghai,

Table VI.

Places of Destination of Opium Exported during 1916.

Swatow,

Total for Chinese Ports,

By Steamers to Non-Chinese Ports :-

Calcutta, (1)

London,

Tamsui,

Macao, (2)

Total for Non-Chinese Ports,

Total for Chinese Ports,

Grand Total,

Through cargo reported but not landed,

Malwa. Patna. Benares. Persian.

Total.

Total

in lb.

chests.

chests.

chests. chests.

chests.

lb.

14

55

11

80

12,422

96

15

69

180

26,208

I

2

3

453

111

72

80

2€3

39,083

170

170

27,200

29

29

4,073

705

705

96,585

...

75

425

500

80,000

75

595

734

1,404

207,858

111

72

80

263

39,083

111

147

675

734

1,667

246,941

...

102 (3)

102

16,320

(1) Through cargo from Calcutta to Mazallan and Salina Cruz, Mexico ca S.S. " Asia Maru" arrived 2nd March, 1916. Permission refused by the Hongkong Government for exportation to Mexico, and opium ordered to be returned to Calcutta, the original port of ship.

ment.

(2) Uncertificated opium for Macao Opium Farmer.

(3) 100 chests of uncertificated Benares ca S.S. "Tosa Maru" from Calcutta to Kobe and 2 chests of uncertificated Benares ex S.S. "Kashima Maru" from London to Yokohama.

Table VI,- Continued.

Destination of Raw Opium other than uncertificated Bengal Opium exported during the year 1916.

Malwa. Patna.

Benares. Persian. Turkish. Chinese.

Total.

chests.

chests.

chests. chests. chests. chests.

chests.

- E 13 -

London,

Tamsui,..

Canton,

Shanghai,

Swatow,

29

705

14

00

11

96

15

69

1

2

29

705

80

. 180

3

Total,.....

111

72

80

734

997

E 14

Table VII.

Imports and Exports of Raw Opium during the year 1916. Exclusive of Uncertificated Bengal Opium.

Malwa. Patna. Benares. Persian, Turkish. Chinese. Total. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests. ches's.

Imports,

31

641

Exports,

111

72

SO

734

676

997

Imports and Exports of Uncertificated Bengal Opium

during the year 1916.

Imports,.......

Exports,

Patna.

chests.

Benares. chests.

Total.

chests.

75

955

1.030

75

595

670

360 chests for Hongkong Government Opium Monopoly. 500 chests for Macão Opium Farmer.

170 chests nominally for Mexico-returned to Calcutța, see note (1) to Table VI.

Ports of Origin of Raw Opium (all kinds) imported during 1916.

Malwa. Patna. Benares. Persian. Turkish Chinese. Total. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests. chests,

Shanghai,

31

35

Calcutta,.

75

955

1,030

Singapore,

30

30

Bombay,

611

611

Total...

106

959

641

1,706

E 15

Table VIII.

Imports and Exports of Sugar.

Return of Sugar imported into the Colony of Hongkong by vessels. of different nationalities during the years 1915 and 1916:-

1915. Tons.

1916.

Tous.

British Steamers,

120,983

121,455

Chinese

1,018

1,279

Dutch

136,033

115,178

French

4,527

1,046

>>

Japanese

34,967

60,381

""

Norwegian

6,275

4,490

"7

Portuguese

3,290

6,354

""

Russian

394

22

Swedish

12

""

American

18

27

Total,

307,499 310,196

1915.

1916.

Increase.

Tons.

Tons.

Tons.

Imported,

307,499

310,196

2,697

Table IX.

Return of Sugar imported into the Colony of Hongkong during the years 1915 and 1916 showing place of origin:—

1915.

1916.

Tons.

Tons.

From China,

23,780

14,308

Java,

221,172

195,959

London,

3

>>

Mauritius,

235

>>

Philippine Islands,

57,688

95,228

Tourane,

3,805

""

Cochin China,....

4,621

896

27

Total,..............

307,499

310,196

Table X.

Return of Duty Paid Tobacco (Old Stocks) for the year 1916.

Date.

Cigars

Cigars

Cigars

Cigarettes Cigarettes

$1.50

70 c.

30 c.

70 0.

30 0.

Tobacco

70 c.

Tobacco

Chinese

Tobacco

Chinese

Tobacco

Amount

of

30.c.

1916.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

10 c.

per lb.

6 c.

per lb.

Duty

Collected.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

$ c.

July,

1,116

987

6,595

2,619

4,408

937

2.186

9,915

8,798

12,654.55

August,

450

681

5,669

684

6,665

$6

765

6,988

5,846

15,684.06

September,

460

67

64

1,644

1,171

521

988

741

50

3,034.56

Total,..

2,026

1,735

12,328

4,947

12,241

1,544

3,939

17,674

14,694

31,373.17

Note.-Fraction of a lb. squared throughout.

— E 16 —

Date.

1916.

Cigars

$1.50

per lb.

1

t

Table XI.

Return of Duty Paid Tobacco (New Stocks) for the year 1916.

Cigars

70 c.

Cigars

30 c.

per lb.

per lb.

Cigars

per lb.

20 c.

Cigars Cigarettes Cigarettes Cigarettes Cigarettes 16 c. 70 c. 30 c. 20 c.

per lb. per lb. per lb. per lb. per lb.

Tobacco

10 c.

70 c.

Tobacco

30 e.

Chinese

Chinese

Tobacco

Tobacco

Tobacco

Tobacco

20 c.

per lb.

10 c.

per lb.

per lb.

per lb.

10:0.

per lb.

6 c.

Snuff

$1.50

Amount

of

per lb.

per lb.

Duty

Collected.

lb.

lb.

1b.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

lb.

C.

July,

953

132

1,535

2,899

5,158

492

5,807

67

$77

1.00

15,784

3,293

7.613.96

:

August.

820

100

1,503

724 1,379

4,598

22,057

11,591

22,267

657

455

613

730

119,727

66

29,916.57

September,...

780

243 1,477

1,219

1,857

5,932

20,467

15,429

19,023

152

411

688

2,318

109,051

7

29,0382.49

October,

750

November,. 837

December, 1,833

372 1,292 1,417 1,588 168 2.431 2,144 1,876 660 2,770 2,501 1,791

6,389

25,863

21,092 33,071

291

597

659

1,052

102,096

1

33,184.57

6,332 31,185 22,163 7,030 17,767

24,881

471

1,421

914

2,208 91,929

33,844.27

89,462

12,146

201

460

390

1,256

98,099

44,376.37

}

Total,..

1,675

5,973

11,008 8,305 8,491 33,180

122,497 160,229 116,695

1,812

4,221

3,364

7,564

536,686

8,359

00

177,968.23

Note:-Fractions of lbs. ignored throughout (except for duty collected).

£17

E 18

Table XII.

Importation and Exportation Ordinance, 1915.

Transhipment Permits issued,

6,718

Import Permits issued,

97,931

Export Permits issued,

439,791

Import Manifests received,

7,665

Export Manifests received,

7,678

Certificates of Interest received,

512

Certificates of Origin received,....

538

Landing Certificates issued,

301

Number of applications for special export licence,...

913

Miscellaneous Certificates issued,.

144

Number of bonds signed for the production of Į

Landing Certificates.....

2,925

Appendix F.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE ROYAL OBSERVATORY, HONGKONG, FOR THE YEAR 1916.

I-GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS.

The grounds were kept in order by the Botanical Department with the assistance of the Observatory coolies. The growth of the blue grass (ophiopogon) plantation has been considerably retarded by drought.

Three snakes were killed in the grounds in the month of November; two 6 feet long and one 5 feet long. A fourth was seen, but escaped.

The buildings were repainted in the spring, and the rooms colourwashed.

In the month of October the water supply was improved by the installation of a cistern on the roof.

II. METEOROLOGICAL INSTRUMENTS.

Kew Barograph.-The instrument was dismounted on March 17, the lens cleaned, and a new glass rod for the temperature com- pensator fitted.

Beckley Anemograph.—This instrument was oiled once a month, and the orientation of the head checked occasionally.

Dines Anemograph.--The head was oiled once a month, and the spindle of the float cleaned and oiled once a week. The orientation of the head was checked occasionally.

The monthly results of comparisons with the records of the Beckley Anemograph since the installation of the Dines instrument, in April 1910, are given below:---

Factor (Dines Beckley).

3

÷

Month.

1910.

1911. 1912. | 1913.

1914. 1915.| 1916.

January,

February,

March,.

April,

May,

June,

July,

August,

September,

October,

November, December,

2°33 2.30 2'12 2.54 2'03 2:08

2'34 2.32 2.30

2'40 2:06 2:23

2033

2'04 2.26 2:26 2.25 2:05 2733

2*30 2.35 2.25 2'27. 2.33

2.23 2.23

2.25

2.10

2.34 2*22

2713 2.23 2:36

2.44 2'09

2013 2.22 2.26

Year,

2.88

2.14 2'21 2'57 2.28 2:26 2:05 2.80 2:07 2.25 2.65 2°39 2.18 2'07 2.18 2.31 2'49 2.81 2'22 2.19 2:30 2.27 2.51 2.69 2:08

2°23 2.28 2.27 2'47 2.71 2:08 2:08 2°23 2.31 2.24 2'54 2:07

2.21

2.21

2.10

2:04 2°07 2.10

2*29 2:42 2.39 2.22

2'I I

2:30

F 2

Thermometers. All thermometers in use were compared with the Kew Standard in winter and summer.

The following table shows the results of comparisons between the Kew Standard purchased in 1884 and a Griffin Standard of Jena Normal Glass purchased in 1914. When compared with the Na- tional Physical Laboratory Standard, in April 1914, this thermometer required a correction of 0°09F., which has been duly applied :-

Date.

Kew Standard 647

Griffin 29996 (corrected).

K-G

с

1914 July 2,

81.82

81.72

+0'10

1915 January 19,

60.00

59.86

+0 14

1915 September 29,

90'00

89'93

+0.07

1916 January 12,...

55'00

54'95

+0'05

1916 September 1,

80'00

79.88

+0'12

1917 January 16,

54'60

5448

+012

1917 January 17,....

49°41

49'24

+0'17

The results indicate that the Kew Standard No. 647 reads 0°11 too high; a very small change in thirty years.

III.--METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS AT THE OBSERVATORY,

Continuous photographic records showing the variations of barometric pressure were obtained with the Kew barograph, and automatic records of the direction and velocity of the wind with a Beckley and a Dines-Baxendell anemograph, modified as described in the Report for 1912. The amount of rain is recorded automa- tically by a Beckley and a Nakamura pluviograph, the amount of sunshine by a Campbell-Stokes universal sunshine recorder, and the relative humidity of the air by a small Richard hair hygrograph.

Eye observations of barometric pressure, temperature of the air, and of evaporation, were made at each hour of Hongkong Standard time. The character and direction of motion of the clouds were observed every three hours. Daily readings were taken of self- registering maximum and minimum thermometers.

Principal Features of the Weather_in_1916.—The principal features of the weather in 1916 were the large departures from normal wind velocity in the different months, and the heavy rains from May 31 to June 13, when 30675 inches fell, followed by a drought from October 25 to the end of the year, when only in-125 of rain fell.

Barometric pressure was considerably below normal in February and June, and considerably above normal in July.

The mean preș- sure for the year was 29832, as against 29836 in 1915 and 29ins 844 for the past 33 years.

The highest pressure was 30s 332, on January 11, as against 30ins375 in 1915 and 30s 509 for the past 33 years. The lowest pressure was 29ins. 304, on August 11, as against 29ins. 354 in 1915 and 28ins. 735 for the past 33 years.

F 3

The temperature of the air was considerably below normal in March, and moderately above normal in February, May and August. The mean temperature for the year was 71°8, as against 73°4 in 1915 and 71°8 for the past 33 years. The highest temperature was 924, on August 5, as against 934 in 1915 and 970 for the past 33 years. The lowest temperature was 39° 3, on January 24, as against 41°7 in 1915 and 32°0 for the past 33 years.

The wind velocity was above normal in February for the first time since August 1911, (except in July 1914, when it was also slightly above normal). The monthly departures from normal were unusually large in 1916. The mean velocity was considerably above normal in February, March, June, and September, and considerably below in January, April, July, and August. From October to December it was moderately below normal. The mean velocity for the year was 122 m.p.h. or 06 m.p.h. below normal. This is the greatest mean velocity since 1911, when it was 12.9 m.p.h.

The maximum velocity for one hour, as recorded by the Beckley Anemograph, was 55 miles, at O on September 7, as against 56 miles in 1915 and 108 miles for the past 33 years. The maximum squall velocity, as recorded by the Dines-Baxendell Anemograph, was at the rate of 65 m.p.h., at 0h 20m on September 7, as against 69 m.p.h. in 1915 and 105 m.p.h. for the past 6 years.

As anticipated there has been a partial recovery from the very low wind velocities of 1915, but at present there are no signs of the wind records giving the normal values of former years.

Rainfall at Four Stations. In the following table the monthly rainfall at the Observatory is compared with the fall at the Police Station, Taipo; the Botanical Gardens; and the Matilda Hospital, Mount Kellet :-

Months.

Observatory Police Station (Kowloon). (Taipo).

Botanical Matilda

Gardens Hospital (Hongkong). (Hongkong).

inches.

inches.

inches.

inches.

January,

4'075

4.87

4'74

5'90

February,

1'305

I'30

1.61

1'44

March,

0*355

0*48

0'44

0'24

April,

4*295

5.52

4'68

6:00

May,

12935

12:49

11.65

16.32

June,

32.180

38.62

32.97

26.21

July,

8.295

20°03

8.99

9.56

Angust,

5'040

4'43

6.84

5'98

September,...

10*520

1378

II'IO

8.73

October,

0*730

171

0.78

o'98

November,...

0:075

0:06

O'10

December,

0'050

0'03

0.08

0'04

Year,...

79.855

103.26

83.94

81.50

F 4

Floods.-The heaviest rainfall occurred as follows:-

Period.

Amount.

Duration.

Inches.

Hours.

May June

31d 2 to June

13 6h..

30.675

117

21 12

June

26 0

3-820

19

11

July

6 1

July

10 11

7·110

22

21

August

16 22

August

2017

2.780

16

September 17 3

September 21 8

3:170

12

September 26 3

September 28 8

4.195

17

Landslides occurred in several places during the heavy rains from May 31 to June 13.

Drought. A serious drought commenced on October 4 and continued till the end of the year. The only rain which fell during this period was 0.595 inch from October 20 to 24, 0·075 inch on November 21 to 22, and 0050 inch on December 23. Light rain, to the extent of 0.345 inch, fell from January 1 to 8, 1917, but a dry period followed until February 6, when a period of drizzling rain com- menced, 0125 inch falling from February 6 to 12.

Typhoons.-The centre of a small typhoon passed within 20 miles to the west of the Observatory on the morning of June 2. The maximum wind velocity was only 44 miles per hour, however, at 22h on June 1. The maximum wind velocity for the year, 55 m.p.h., occurred during a typhoon which passed about 150 miles to the south of Hongkong on September 6-7.

The tracks of 15 typhoons and 10 of the principal depressions which occurred in the Far East in 1916 are given in two plates in the Monthly Meteorological Bulletin for December 1916.

IV.

PUBLICATIONS.

Daily Weather Report and Map.-A weather map of the Far East and the Daily Weather Report, containing meteorological obser- vations, usually at 6 a.m. and 2 p.m., from about 40 stations in China, Indo-China, Japan, the Philippines, and Borneo, and daily weather forecasts for Hongkong to Gap Rock, the Formosa Channel, the south coast of China between Hongkong and Lammocks, and be- tween Hongkong and Hainan, were issued as in former years. Copies of the map were exhibited on notice boards at the Hongkong Ferry Pier, the Blake Pier, and the Harbour Office. One copy was sent daily to the Director of the Meteorological Observatory, Macao. Forty copies of the Daily Weather Report were distributed to va- rious offices, etc., in the Colony, and a copy was sent daily to the Director of the Meteorological Observatory, Macao. Copies were sent every week to Lieutenant-Commander Pradiyat, Royal Siamese Navy.

The delivery of the Map and Weather Report was accelerated by the employment. of an additional coolie on August 1, and in September the two evening papers were placed first on the list of recipients of the Weather Report to ensure its publication.

The weather forecast was telegraphed daily to the Cape d'Aguilar Wireless Station in time for distribution at 1

p.m.

Special Weather Reports.

F 5

Special Weather Reports were issued to the Toyo Kisen Kaisha, in connection with the salvage of the Chiyo Maru", which was wrecked on Lamma Island, to the south west of Hongkong, on March 31.

46

Monthly Meteorological Bulletin.-The Monthly Meteorological Bulletin, which includes the Daily Weather Report, was distributed to the principal observatories and scientific institutions of the world.

Beginning with January, 1916, the daily and mean hourly values of the principal meteorological elements have been published in both British and C.G.S. Units.

A charge of $10 a year is made for supplying private firms and individuals with the Daily Weather Report.

Miscellaneous Returns.-A monthly abstract of observations made at the Observatory is published in the Government Gazette, and daily, monthly, and yearly results are published in the Blue Book in the form suggested by the London Meteorological Office for the British Colonies.

The monthly departures from normal of the barometric pressure at four China Coast Ports were communicated to the Commonwealth Meteorologist, Melbourne, in connection with long range weather forecasts. Monthly meteorological returns are forwarded to Symons's Meteorological Magazine, and annual returns to the Stock Exchange year book and the Colonial Office List.

M

V. WEATHER FORECASTS AND STORM WARNINGS.

Daily Weather Telegrams.-Daily weather telegrams from Coast Ports, Indo-China, the Philippines, the Japanese Empire, and Borneo, for the construction of the Daily Weather Map, have been received with commendable regularity throughout the year. The service from Vladivostock, which had been interrupted since July 20, 1915, on account of the war, was resumed on January 14, 1917. Until November 8, the telegrams from Wei-Hai-Wei were frequently received too late to be included in the Map, owing to Government demands on the lines. Since this date they have been received in good time. Telegrams have been received spasmodically from Hoi- how, Pakhoi, and a few stations on the Yangtze, but not in time to be included in the Map.

Extra Weather Telegrams.--The following stations send extra weather telegram at half-rates during typhoons, on receipt of certain code words from Hongkong:-Amoy, Canton, Macao, Phulien, Sharp Peak, and Taihoku. The Director of the Philippines Weather Bureau also sends extra telegrams at his discretion from Aparri or some other station nearer the typhoon centre.

The extra 9 p.m. telegram usually received from Swatow during the typhoon season, was only sent occasionally, owing probably to the disturbed condition of the country.

F 6

Wireless Weather Telegrams.-The development of this service has been impeded by the war. Wireless weather telegrams have been received from Japanese and Dutch ships, however, as follows:-

Month.

Dutch. Japanese.

January,

February,

March,

April,..

May,

June,

July,

August,

September,

October,.

November,.

December,

Total,..

∞~ ∞

8

7

I I

749

4

+8 NANO a-

4

4

7

3

9

5

7

7

6

9

6

I I

3

95

60

Telegraphic Code.--The six-letter code for daily weather tele- grams, which was brought into use on February 15, 1915, has continued to give satisfaction. The Director of the Japanese Weather Bureau reports that he is still unable to introduce the code for transmitting the Japanese telegrams, or to substitute the 12 stations agreed upon at the Tokio Conference of 1913 in place of the 10 stations now reporting.

Results of Weather Forecasts.-The results of the comparison of the daily weather forecasts with the weather subsequently ex- perienced are given below, with the results of the previous five

years:-

Year.

Total

Complete Partial Partial

Success. Success. Failure. Failure.

%

1911

55

1912

62

1913

66

1914

62

1915

54

1916

67

www wwwad ole

%

%

बोल

%

32

I I

2

34

28

32

37

33 100

I

3

3

I

I

29

Storm Warnings.-Storm warnings according to the "China Coast" code, and the local code, are displayed at Blackhead's Hill, Kowloon, when necessary. Others according to the Hongkong telegraphic code are sent to the following ports:-Sharp Peak, Amoy, Swatow, Macao, Canton, Pakhoi, Hoihow, Phulien, Manila, Labuan,

M

- F 7-

and Singapore. The local warnings are repeated at the Harbour Office, H.M.S. "Tamar", Green Island, and the Godown Company, Kowloon. For vessels taking shelter in Kowloon Bay and to the West of Stonecutters Island, they are also repeated at Lyemun by the military authorities, and at Lai-Chi-Kok by the Standard Oil Company.

The local night signals were transferred from the Water Police Station to the tower of the Kowloon Railway Station in the month. of May.

For the benefit of native craft and passing ocean vessels, a cone is exhibited at several outlying stations during the time that any of the above Day Signals are displayed in the Harbour, to indicate that there is depression somewhere in the China Sea, and that a Typhoon Warning is displayed in the Harbour,

In the following table are given the number of hours the local signals were hoisted in each of the years 1912-1916 :-

Black Signals.

Bombs.

Number of hours.

Number of times fired.

Red Signals.

Year.

1912

151

164

1913

146

189

I

1914

146

178

1915

1916

64

70

I 20

201

I

The red signals indicate that the centre of the typhoon is be- lieved to be more than 300 miles distant, and the black less than 300 miles. Three bombs fired at intervals of 10 seconds indicate that winds of typhoon force are anticipated.

The figures in the above table include the number of hours that night signals, corresponding to the red and black day signals, were hoisted.

VI. METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS FROM SHIPS, TREATY PORTS, &c.

Logs received. In addition to meteorological registers kept at about 40 stations in China, meteorological logs were received from 158 ships operating in the Far East. These logs, representing 7,456 days' observations, have been utilised for determining typhoon tracks and for those squares of the proposed Pilot Charts for which inform- ation is lacking. The corresponding figures for the year 1915 were 163 and 9,254.

F 8

No progress has been made with the construction of Pilot Charts owing to the absence on leave of the Chief Assistant.

Comparison of Barometers.-During the year about 1,300 com- parisons of ships' barometers have been made by means of obser- vations taken when in harbour, and several direct comparisons of barometers for shipmasters and various persons in the Colony have been made at the Observatory.

VII-MAGNETIC OBSERVATIONS.

Absolute determinations of magnetic horizontal force and declin- ation were made near the middle of each month with a Kew pattern magnetometer, Elliott No. 55, and of dip with a Kew pattern dip circle, Dover No. 71, four dip needles being used in rotation. A complete determination of horizontal force consists of one set of vibrations taken between two sets of deflections.

Kew Magnetometer, Elliott No. 83, which was sent to England to be altered in 1914, was received back in February. It has been much improved.

From 7 comparisons made at the Kew Observatory in February, June, and July, 1915, it appeared that, with vibration magnet 83 and mirror magnet 83c, Elliott No. 83 gave smaller values of X than the Kew Standard by 22y. (In the Annual Report for 1915 the difference is given as 30y, but Dr. Chree informs me that the standard values of X originally furnished should be reduced by 8%. on account of the difference between the provisional values of K, P, and Q, and those finally adopted for the year 1915.)

From four comparisons made in December 1916, it appeared that Elliott No. 55 gives smaller values of X than Elliott No. 83 (with vibration magnet 83) by 22y, indicating that Elliott No. 55 gives results 44y smaller than the Kew Standard. No correction has been made in this or any previous Report, however, to the results obtained from Elliott No. 55.

From a report on the results of comparisons of the Hongkong Magnetic instruments with those of the Carnegie Institute, Wash- ington, made at this Observatory in the spring of 1915, it appears that the published values of X by Elliott No. 55 are lower than the International Magnetic Standard by 42:4y, indicating that the I.M.S. agrees very closely with the Kew Standard.

As regards declination, Elliott No. 55 gave values 0'4 lower than the I.M.S., and as regards dip, Dover No. 71 gave values 1'8 greater than the I.M.S.

VIII. TIME SERVICE.

Time Ball-The Time Ball on Blackhead's Hill is dropped daily at 13h, Hongkong Standard Time (51a.m. of Greenwich Time). The ball is also dropped at any other hour in case of necessity. One application for a supplementary time signal was made in the year 1916.

F 9

The ball was dropped successfully 359 times. There were two failures. On May 23, on hoisting the ball it was found that the shaft had worked loose in its plunger, and it was considered unadvis- able to allow the ball to fall until the necessary repairs had been effected. On December 23 the lock failed to discharge owing to in- correct tension of one of the springs.

The apparatus was under repair on January 29, and from May 25 to 28.

The ball fell with an error of 03 or less on 332 occasions, and with an error of′04 or 0·5 on 20 occasions. Errors of 06, 0°7, 09, 10, and 18-2 occurred once, and of 0*8 twice.

The probable error of the Time Ball for the whole year, ± 0·14, was the smallest on record. The monthly values for the past five years were as follows:-

Probable error of Time Ball.

Month.

1912

1913

1914

1915

1916

January,

±0.33

+0*20

+0.18

+0'17

±0.15

February,

*25

'21

· 15

'44

*28

March,

*14

*54

*21

*17

*17

April,

*13

21

*22

*38

*18

May,

'I I

25

*16

*IO

June,

*18

*10

•16

*15

'17

July...

*13

'17

•20

*17

'10

August,

*

*I 2

*15

'21

*15

'IO

September,

16

ΙΟ

'14

13

'II

October,

*12

'12

*14

*IO

13

November,

*21

'17

*13

•16

13

December,

*27

*26

*28

*14

*II

Means,

±0.18

+0'20 ±0.19

±0.19

+0.14

Transit Instrument. -Observations for time were made daily with the 3-inch transit instrument and the Hipp tape chronograph by the Chinese computers, weather permitting.

The number of observations in the years 1915 and 1916 were as follows:-

Transits,

Level determinations,.

Azimuth determinations,

Collimation determinations,

1915. 1916.

.1,817 1,778 854 890

32 34

30

33

Transits of the sun were only observed when star transits were not available from the previous night.

The azimuth and collimation determinations were made by the Director, the Chief Assistant, and the First Assistant. The azimuth determinations depend usually on observations of the old south mark.

F 10

An examination of the old south mark, on April 11, showed that the obelisk had tilted 1.75 inches to the West. The two black dots which formerly served as the observing mark, and which are situated half way up the obelisk, have therefore shifted 0.875,- which is equivalent to 0088, the distance from the mark to the transit instrument being 11,354 feet.

On March 7 the new south mark was lowered 23 feet, and its collimating lens by a corresponding amount, in order to obtain a clear view of the old south mark. Formerly some of the rays from

the latter were intercepted by the pillar of the new south mark.

The collimation error derived from the old south mark now usually agrees with that derived from the other marks to within the probable error of observation.

Clocks. The performance of the standard sidereal clock, Dent No. 39741, has been exceptionally good, and appears to have justified the substitution of the invar pendulum mentioned last year. A dis- cussion of the rates for the year 1916, by the method of least squares, indicates that the barometer coefficient is 0676 (increase of losing rate for an increase of 1 inch of barometer), and the temperature coefficient 00026 (increase of losing rate for an increase of 1°F).

As, however, the variations of temperature follow very closely those of barometric pressure, it is doubtful whether this large barometer coefficient, which is about double the theoretical value, is correct. With the data available it is not possible to differentiate correctly between the effect of temperature and the effect of barome- tric pressure.

As a compromise, therefore, between the theoretical and the computed barometer coefficient, the value 04 has been adopted.

On this assumption the clock rate may be expressed by the formula r=r。 + 0·4 (p。~p)−0·00392 (t。-t)

where r is the losing rate at the pressure p, in inches; and the temperature t, in degrees Fahrenheit

and r the losing rate at the pressure po, and temperature t。.

It is proposed to use the above formula during cloudy periods in the year 1917.

There is no evidence of a humidity coefficient.

In the month of February experiments were made to determine the effect of the electric sidereal clock on the rate of the Standard sidereal clock, which is on the same pillar, the electric clock being on the north, and the standard clock on the west side. No effect on the arc of the standard clock could be detected, either with large or small swings of the electric clock pendulum, or with the pendulums in "coincidence" or "opposition".

In the following table is given the excess of the observed over the inferred rate after cloudy periods in the year 1916.

Excess of observed over calculated errors of Dent No. 39741, after cloudy periods in the year 1916,

Date 1916.

Interval

without

observations.

Excess of observed over

Date 1916.

calculated error.

Interval

without

observations.

Excess of observed over calculated error.

days.

8.

days.

S.

January 6

3

+0.48

May

17

N

2,

24

2

-0°20

22

2

""

February

5

2

+0.26

June

I I

I 2

12

6

+0.28

July

8

N

"}

22

>>

5

+1.20

August

17

3

0'00

+0.24

+0.35

+0.10

+0'02

27

"}

4

+0.16

September 7

2

-0°03

March

+

5

-0'64

20

2

>>

+0.07

18

13

+0.35

""

27

4

-0.18

A

""

24

5

-0°08

October

2

2

-0°27

""

1

30

4

O'I I

21

2

"1

+0.15

A pril

4

4

+044

27

3

+0.06

I I

3

+0°41

December 20

3

+0'20

""

18

2

+0°30

27

2

-0.07

""

- F 11 -

:

F 12

The mean time clock, Dent No. 39740, which was fitted with an invar pendulum in 1915, has kept a fairly satisfactory rate through- out the year.

A discussion of the monthly rates for 1916, using a barometer coefficient of 0'4, as in the case of the sidereal standard clock, gives a temperature coefficient of 00421, decrease of losing rate for an increase of 1° (F) of temperature.

The Brock clock has been used throughout the year for drop- ping the Time Ball and for driving dials in various parts of the build- ing, except from October 27 to November 7, when Dent No. 39740 was used for this purpose. In spite of the invar pendulum fitted in 1914, the rate has been erratic at times, after keeping remarkably steady for several days. The clock is corrected daily by the electric regulating apparatus, and its daily rate is usually kept below 0°5 by the addition or removal of weights to or from the pendulum.

Further experiments with the electric sidereal clock indicated that the best working conditions are with an angle of impulse ẞ- 12' and y+74', giving an arc of about 160'. The clock is now out of commission, pending the construction of an underground room for all the clocks. It will then be required for driving a dial in the transit room.

In the month of October the minute dials missed occasionally. The fault was traced to the Edison-Lalande cells which operate the minute relay circuit. Dry cells were substituted and the dials have since worked without failure.

Since March 23 an hourly time signal has been sent to the Water Police Station, the General Post Office, and the Cable Com- pany's Office, along the lines used for the telephone or telegraph instruments, by means of apparatus designed by the Government Electrician. An electro-magnet receives a current every hour from the mean time clock and, by means of contacts on the armature, short-circuits these lines for about 08 second.

Batteries.-The Edison-Lalande cells which were purchased for use alternatively with the accumulator on some circuits, have proved a failure. In some cells the zincs have been eaten through at the level of the potash, and others have become exhausted, though called upon to do but very little work.

The accumulators have given satisfaction throughout the year. Additions to the sulphuric acid have been made occasionally, as required. The ammonium phosphate requires filtration after about two months' work.

Time Signals by Wireless Telegraphy.-A tuner and detector, with a high resistance telephone, were received in the month of March. They were tested by the Port Wireless Officer and found satisfactory; but the Audion amplifier, purchased by the Crown Agents from Messrs. A.W. Gamage, was found useless, so was re- turned to the makers.

The Marconi Company have been asked to quote for the install- ation of antennae and mast for the receipt of wireless time-signals in accordance with a specification prepared by the Port Wireless Officer.

F 13

Owing to the war, Messrs. L. Leroy & Cie., Paris, were unable to supply the distributing apparatus ordered in January, 1916.

IX. SPECIAL INVESTIGATIONS.

Winter Droughts at Hongkong.—An investigation into the weather conditions in China, Siberia, India, South Africa and South America prior to winter droughts at Hongkong, yielded no evidence of a correla- tion by which these droughts might be predicted.

The Wind at the Victoria Peak.--The tabulation of the anemo- graph records at Victoria Peak, Hongkong, has been commenced.

An examination of the records has shown how necessary are the modifications to the Standard pattern of Beckley's Anemograph, mentioned in the Introduction to the Monthly Meteorological Bulle- tin for January, 1913. A start has been made by graduating the drums of the crown wheels which drive the velocity and, direction pencils, the former to miles and the latter to points. A worm wheel has also been fitted, to record the revolutions of the velocity pencil on a dial. The other necessary modifications have not yet been made. A discussion of the records promises to be of considerable interest. The two years already tabulated show that the diurnal inequality of the wind velocity at Victoria Peak is quite different to that at Kowloon.

The Climate of Hongkong.-A memoir on the climate of Hong- kong was published on July 12.

Rainfall Maps of China.-Provisional monthly rainfall maps of China have been constructed; principally from data published by the Zikawei Observatory, and the records from stations of the Chinese Maritime Customs.

The results show that the wettest area is near the mouth of the Yangtze in January, becoming more and more south until in May the wettest district is a little to the north of Hongkong. In June it is farther north, and in July is in the neighbourhood of Pakhoi, in August and September it is apparently slightly to the south of Hongkong. In October and November it lies over the lower Yangtze Valley, and in December its position is doubtful, but probably some- where between the lower Yangtze Valley and the south coast of China.

The driest area is in the neighbourhood of the Gulf of Pechili in each month. The wettest month is June and the driest is December.

Returns from many more stations are necessary before detailed rainfall maps can be constructed. On May 18 a five-inch raingauge was sent to the Rev. O. Van De Velde, of the Roman Catholic Mission at Hokiao, Ortos, Mongolia, who had for several years noted the number of rainy days at his station, and after each fall of rain measured the depth to which it had penetrated into the ground, having no raingauge. Father Van De Velde now measures the rain or snow fall daily, and very kindly forwards the returns to Hongkong every month.

F 14

L

Level Bubbles. - An examination of three level bubbles supplied by Messrs. Troughton and Simms as highest grade instruments, shewed that the scale value of each was very irregular, and that over the irregular portions of the tubes the amount of movement of the spirit for a given tilt varied very considerably according to the direction of motion of the spirit, and the scale reading at the instant of tilting. It appears to be impossible therefore to construct a satisfactory table showing the angular value of different scale read- ings, when the bubble tube is irregular.

X.-MISCELLANEOUS.

Staff. No change occurred in the European staff during the year. Mr. C. W. Jeffries, the Chief Assistant, was on leave of absence from February 14 to November 5. During this period, Mr. B. D. Evans, the First Assistant, acted as Chief Assistant.

The Director acted as a censor of cablegrams from January 5 to December 31, Mr. Jeffries from January 1 to February 9, and from December 7 to December 31, and Mr. Evans throughout the year.

Li Yung-shing, telegraphist, was promoted to the Radio-tele- graph Station on March 1. The vacancy thus caused was filled by the appointment of Yuen Lai-sang.

Expenditure.-The annual expenditure on the Observatory for the past ten years is as follows:-

Year. Total Expenditure.

Increase.

Decrease.

$

C.

1907

20,110.53

1908

21,110.61

115.36 1,000.08

1909

22,388.63

1,278.02

a.

1910

21,787.55

601.08

1911

23,353.02

1,565.47

A....

1912

22,595.08

757.94

1913

24,255.49

1,660.41

1914

25,398.31

1,142.82

1915

23,233.12

1916

21,977.78

2,165.19 1,255.34

Acknowledgments.-Acknowledgments are here made to the Directors of Weather Services in the Far East, and the Chinese Maritime Customs authorities for daily observations, and extra observations during typhoon weather; to the Telegraph Companies, for transmitting the observations free of charge; to the commanders of vessels who have furnished meteorological observations by post and by wireless telegraphy, and to the Observatory staff for the manner in which they have carried out their respective duties.

T. F. CLAXTON, Director.

1917, February 26.

Appendix G.

REPORT OF THE REGISTRAR OF THE SUPREME COURT FOR THE YEAR 1916.

1. ORIGINAL JURISDICTION.

Two hundred and fifteen (215) actions were instituted in this division of the Court during the year 1916, as against 231 in 1915. 106 were disposed of during the year, 40 being settled or withdrawn before trial, as against 140 and 45 respectively in 1915. Thirteen cases, which had been set down for trial, remained untried at the end of the year as against 30 at the end of 1915.

Two injunctions were granted during the year.

The amounts involved were $1,400,607.67 and £1,405 16s. 6d. against $1,128,712, £987 4s. 4d. and $673 U.S. Currency.

The debts and damages recovered amounted to $873,626.50, £149 6s. 6d. and $673 U.S. Currency as against $427,589 in 1915. The fees collected amounted to $11,625.45 as against $12,502.15 in 1915.

Tables setting out in detail the figures contained in this and the following paragraphs are printed at pages (0 1), (0 2), (Y 2), and (Y 3), of the Blue Book for the year 1916.

1A.-IN PRIZE.

Three (3) actions were instituted under the above head in con- nection with cargo consigned to alien enemy firms on board the following vessels :--

Yangtsze", "Nagoya", and "Glengyle".

During the year no ship was condemned.

2. SUMMARY JURISDICTION.

One thousand six hundred and ninety-eight (1,698) actions were instituted during the year as against 1,601 in 1915. The cases were disposed of as follows:-Settled or withdrawn 791, Judg- ment for the Plaintiff 549, Judgment for the Defendant 33, Non- suited 12, Struck out, Dismissed or Lapsed 28, and pending 284, as against 628, 555, 38, 12, 30 and 338 respectively in 1915.

The claims amounted to $303,924.61 as against $290,080.95 and £25 10s. 6d. in 1915, and the amounts recovered were $99,705.64 and £58 as against $107,090.38 in 1915.

The fees collected amounted to $6,102.40 as against $6,339.65 in 1915.

:

G 2

The number of Rent Distress Warrants issued was 659 re- presenting unpaid rents amounting to $47,536.21, of which $18,747.13 was recovered, as against 556, $94,173.07 and $13,593.36 re- spectively in 1915.

Four hundred and eighty-four (484) Warrants were withdrawn on settlement between the parties as against 295 in 1915.

The fees collected amounted to $3,415.75 as against $3,263 in 1915.

3.- CRIMINAL JURISDICTION.

There were 68 cases and 94 persons committed for trial at the Criminal Sessions, as against 59 and 104 respectively in 1915.

The number of persons actually indicted was 87, of whom 65 were convicted and 22 were acquitted. Against 7 persons the cases were abandoned. In 1915 the figures were respectively 100,70 and 30.

4.-APPELLATE JURISDICTION.

Five (5) appeals were lodged, viz. :-—

From the decision of the Chief Justice,... 2 as against 2 in 1915.

"}

>>

Puisne Judge,.. 2 Magistrate,

1

2

0

>>

Total 1916,... 5

4

37

The following appeals were disposed of, viz. :—

From the decision of the Chief Justice,... 2 as against 0 in 1915.

"

""

"

"

Puisne Judge,.. 1 Magistrate,

1

19

1

39

Total,...

1

>>

Leave to appeal to the Privy Council was granted in two cases: (1) In the matter of the Yue Hing Company, Limited, and (2) O. J. Action No. 18 of 1915, Fung Ping Shan v. Tong Shun.

5. ADMIRALTY JURISDICTION.

Five (5) actions were instituted. One action was tried during the year and one settled, leaving 3 pending. One vessel was arrested and subsequently released.

The fees collected amounted to $305.35 as against $1,075.20 in 1915.

6.-BANKRUPTCY JURISDICTION.

Twenty-one (21) petitions were filed, 16 being creditors' petitions and 5 debtors' petitions. The figures for 1915 were respectively 31, 18, and 13.

G 3

The number of Receiving Orders made was 16, being 12 on creditors' petitions and 4 on debtors' petitions. The figures for 1915 were respectively 22, 11, and 11.

The number of Public Examinations held was 2 as against 12 in 1915.

There were 11 Adjudications and no Scheme of Arrangement as against 15 Adjudications and 1 Scheme of Arrangement in 1915. 1 case was held over, 1 dismissed, and 4 proceedings annulled.

The estimated assets, in cases where Receiving Orders were made and not subsequently rescinded, was $123,797 and the estimated liabilities $437,247 as against $456,534 and $946,151 respectively in 1915.

The fees collected amounted to $3,273 as against $3,760 in 1915 and the Official Receiver's Commission as Trustee, where no Trustee had been appointed by the Creditors, to $8,586 as against $11,795 in 1915.

7.-PROBATE AND ADMINISTRATION.

Two hundred and twenty (220) grants were made by the Court, being:-

Probate,

Letters of Administration,

Affidavit to lead to payment of Estate

Duty,

108

111

1

220

The figures in 1915 were respectively 218, 102, 116, and 0.

The aggregate value of the estates was $4,075,500 as against $5,933,650 in 1915.

Probate and Estate Duties amounted to $195,351.40, Court Fees to $11,211.70, and Official Administrator's Commission to $2,015.82. The figures in 1915 were respectively $327,089, $11,577.87, and $1,041.07.

There were 70 Estates vested in or administered by the Official Administrator during the year, representing an aggregate value of $47,312.97. The figures for 1915 were respectively 63 and $36,453.72.

Twelve (12) Estates were wound up during the year, representing an aggregate value of $9,700.03, as against 18 in 1915 representing $5,367.31.

8.-OFFICIAL TRUSTS.

The number of Trust Estates in the hands of the Official Trustee at the end of 1916 was 21, with Trust Funds amounting to $75,568.69, as against 22 Estates aggregating $76,409.71 plus certain house property, in 1915. One Estate was wound up during the year.

G 4

The amount of commission collected was $113.29 as against $178.29 in 1915.

9.--REGISTRAR OF COMPANIES.

One hundred and eighty-one (181) "China" companies were transferred to the Companies Register at Shanghai, which was opened on the 1st January under the Companies Ordinance, 1915.

On the 31st December there were 239 companies on the Hong- kong Register, of which 30 were in course of liquidation. During the year 30 new companies were put on the Register and 14 struck off.

The fees collected in respect of "China" companies amounted to $43,917.95 and those in respect of other companies to $8,721.40.

10.-FEES AND COMMISSION.

The total sums collected during the year by way of fees and commission amounted to $56,719.68 as against $63,382.63 in the previous year.

11. STAFF.

Sir William Rees-Davies, Chief Justice, proceeded to Japan on leave of absence on 31st May and returned on 3rd August. Dur- ing this period His Honour Mr. Justice Gompertz, Puisne Judge, acted as Chief Justice and Mr. F. A. Hazeland, Police Magistrate, acted as Puisne Judge.

On the 29th December, 1915, I proceeded to Shanghai on duty in connection with the Companies Registration office there. I re- turned on the 19th January, 1916. On the 9th August, I proceeded to Japan on leave and returned on 2nd September. During my absence on these occasions, Mr. C. A. D. Melbourne, Deputy Registrar and Appraiser, acted as Registrar.

Mr. C. A. D. Melbourne acted as Second Police Magistrate from 13th October to 1st November inclusive, and again from 1st Decem- ber to end of the year.'

Mr. J. D. Lloyd, Acting Deputy Registrar and Accountant, was transferred to the Imports and Exports Office on the 25th January, and Mr. E. V. Carpmael, Official Receiver and Registrar of Trade Marks, was appointed to act as Deputy Registrar and Accountant.

Mr. J. Leonard, First Bailiff, died on the 25th September.

Mr. A. W. Hill, Second Bailiff, was appointed First Bailiff vice Mr. J. Leonard deceased, and Mr. T. F. O'Sullivan, Clerk and Usher, Second Bailiff vice Mr. Hill promoted, the appointments being dated 26th September.

Mr. Wong Kwong-tin, Second Interpreter, resigned on the 31st May and was succeeded by Mr. Fung Hon, Second Interpreter in the office of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs.

Mr. Chan Kwok-ying, Sergeant Interpreter, Police Department, was appointed Clerk and Translator on the 16th January to succeed Mr. Wong Tak-kwong, who had resigned on the 31st October, 1915.

G 5

L

Mr. Wong Kin-wo, 3rd Grade Clerk, resigned on the 30th April and was succeeded by Mr. Wong Po-kai, 3rd Grade Clerk, General Post Office.

Mr. Chan Kwok-on, 4th Grade Clerk and Shroff, was trans- ferred to the Sanitary Department and was succeeded by Mr. So Uet-tai, Shroff, Harbour Office.

Mr. Wong Po-ki resigned on the 31st August and was succeed- ed by Mr. Chu Kam-tin, Sergeant Interpreter, Police Department.

HUGH A. NISBET,

28th February, 1917.

Registrar.

Table showing total number of Cases dealt with in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the Supreme Court.

(From 1907 to 1916.)

Year.

Total

number of

cases dealt

Expenditure.

Revenue.

with.

Total. Increase. Decrease. Total.

Increase. Decrease.

Percentage of Revenue to

Expenditure.

*

C.

C.

C.

C. $ C.

%

1907,

1,031

69,592.75

74.48 56,156.78

3,252.67

80.69

1908,

1,014

87,270.40 | 17,677.65

46,592.80

9,563.98

53.38

1909,

1,030

89,209.17

1,938.77

45,861.55

731.25

51.40

1910,

1,259

91,789.15

2,579.98

65,527.80 19,666.25

71.38

1911,

1,963

86,702.10

5,087.05 *48,342.49

17,185.31

55.75

1912,

1,263

88,346.36

1,644.26

*60,544.30 12,201.81

68.53

1913,

898

98,351.02 | 10,004.66

*63,303.78

2,759.48

64.36

1914,

1,091

107,780.92

9,429.90

*73,422.69 10,118.91

68.12

1915,

832 110,667.68

2,886.76

*63,382.63

10,040.06

57'27

1916,

753

105,252.44

5,415.24 *56,719.68

6,662.95

53.88

*Not including amounts paid direct to Treasury for Fees in respect of Licences to keep Local Registers issued by the Registrar of Com- panies under the Companies Ordinance, 1911.

I

G 6-

ردگی

Appendix H.

REPORT OF THE POLICE MAGISTRATES' COURT FOR THE YEAR 1916.

Mr. Hazeland acted as Puisne Judge from 1st June to 3rd August.

Mr. Wood acted as First Magistrate from 1st June to 3rd August, and from 1st December.

Mr. Orme acted as Second Magistrate from 1st June to 3rd August.

Mr. Melbourne acted as Second Magistrate from 10th October to 2nd November, and from 1st December.

Mr. Hazeland went on vacation leave from 1st December.

Mr. Wood went on vacation leave from 10th October to 2nd November.

Mr. Woodcock went on sick leave from 28th February to 4th March, and on 12 months' leave from 27th March.

Mr. North acted as First Clerk and Magistrate from 27th March.

Mr. Ali Bux retired on pension and Mr. Hasham Khan was appointed in his place on 1st February.

Mr. Tai Tin-shang was transferred to the Post Office on promotion and Mr. Lin Shau-ping was appointed in his place on 1st June.

The number of cases was 15,057 as compared with 12,263 in 1915, and the Revenue was $109,664.82 as compared with $75,130.13 for 1915.

8th March, 1917.

J. R. WOOD,

Police Magistrate.

Table showing total Number of Cases tried in, and Expenditure and Revenue of the

Magistracy for the years 1907 to 1916.

Expenditure.

Revenue.

Year.

Total.

Increase. Decrease.

Total.

Increase.

Decrease.

Total

Number

of Cases

tried.

Persentage of Expenditure to Revenue.

$

£0.

C.

$

ن

c.

C.

%

1907,

40,455.52

1,152.36

67,133.26

12,424.38

13,414

60.26

1908,.

46,018.18 5,562.66

68,696.43

1,563.17

10,555

66.98

1909,

40,119.69

5,898.49

69,986.42

1,289.99

10,771

57.32

1910,

38,428.03

1,691.66 | 75,970.76

5,984.34

11,688

50.58

1911,

43,298.26

4,870.23

52,464.87

23,505.89

10,471

82.53

1912,

41,590.98

1,707.28 99,253.10

46,788.23

13,450

41.90

1913,

42,867.21* 1,276.23

158,451.56 59,198.46

13,954

27.05

1914,.

42,807.15*

60.06 92,109.34*

66,342.22

11,034

46.47

1915,

44,041.33* 1,234.18

75,130.13*

16,979.21

12,263

58.62

1916,

40,642.43*

3,398.90 109,664.82* 34,534.69

15,057

37.06

*Tai Po District not included.

H 2 -

Appendix I.

REPORT OF THE LAND OFFICER FOR THE YEAR 1916.

1.

REGISTRATION.

During the year two thousand six hundred and seventy (2,670) Deeds and Documents were registered under the provisions of Ordi- nance No. 1 of 1844 affecting four thousand one hundred and seven (4,107) lots of land. The total money consideration on sales, mortgages, surrenders, and miscellaneous documents amounted to $42,291,549 particulars of which are shown in Table I. The total number of documents registered in the Land Office under the provisions of Ordinance No. 1 of 1844 up to the end of 1916 was 61,495. The number of Deeds registered each year for the last ten years is shown in Table III.

2. GRANTS OF LAND.

The total area of land sold and granted on lease during the year was 1,855 acres 3 roods 63% poles of which 1,819 acres was in respect of lands dealt with by the District Land Offices. The total area resumed was 1,345 acres 3 roods 62 poles being an excess of 510 acres 0 rood 0 pole of land granted over land resumed during the year. This is exclusive of quarries and lands let on short temporary permits by the Public Works Department. Particulars of the grants are shown on page W 1 of the Blue Book for 1916.

3.-GRANTS OF LEASES.

The number of Crown Leases granted during the year was 118 particulars of which are specified in Table II. The number of Crown Leases issued each year for the last ten years is shown in Table III.

4.-FEES.

The total amount of fees collected by stamps, exclusive of the New Territories, during the year amounted to $49,398.25 being $8,928.25 more than the previous year. The amount of land registration fees in the New Territories amounted to $3.150.80.

The amounts of fees collected under the different headings for the years 1907 to 1916 are shown in Table IV.

5.- CROWN RENT ROLL.

The total Crown Rent due in respect of leased lands in Hong- kong and Kowloon (excluding certain Villages in Hongkong and Kowloon entered in the Village Rent Roll) amounted for the year ending 25th December to $410,335.94 a decrease of $13,022.29 on the previous year, which was due mainly to the reduction of rents.

I 2

for Quarries owing to bad times. The total amount due in respect of leased lands in the Villages in Hongkong and Kowloon appearing in the Village Rent Roll for the year ending 30th September was $3,534.60 a decrease of $50.40 on the previous year. The total number of lots of Crown Land appearing in the Rent Rolls with the total Rents is shown in Table V.

6. SCAVENGING LANES.

Areas for Scavenging Lanes were in the case of twenty-two properties either resumed by the Crown for money payments or dedicated by the Crown Lessees as Scavenging Lanes in consideration. of their being granted by the Building Authority modifications or exemptions from certain provisions of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903, and the necessary documents were completed and registered.

7.-NOISY AND OFFENSIVE TRADES,

Twelve licences were granted to Crown Lessees under the provisions of the Crown Leases to carry on offensive trades on their premises in cases where such licences were recommended by the Sanitary Board,

8. BUILDING COVENANTS.

In thirty cases applications were made by Crown Lessees for an extension of time in which to comply with the building covenant in their Crown Leases or grants. The applications were granted on payment of penalties and the agreements completed and registered.

9.- MISCELLANEOUS DOCUMENTS.

In addition to the above, forty-four miscellaneous documents. were drawn and completed including agreements to secure Govern- ment Contracts, Purchase Deeds on the resumption of properties by the Crown, and Deeds in connection with Naval, War Department, and University lands.

10.-STAMP DUTY,

The amount of Stamp Duty paid on registered documents exclusive of Probates and Letters of Administration amounted to $122,742.38. The amount of Stamp Duty on Probates and Letters of Administration registered amounted to $288,954.15.

11.--STAFF.

Mr. G. H. Wakeman was appointed Crown Solicitor in May and Mr. P. Jacks was appointed to succeed him as Land Officer. The office of Assistant Land Officer is vacant. changes in the Subordinate Staff.

There have been no

31st March, 1917.

PHILIP JACKS,

Land Officer.

I 3

Table I.

Particulars of Deeds and Documents registered in the Land Office.

No. of Lots

Description of Documents.

Number Registered.

or portions

Total Considera-

of Lots affected.

tion.

$

C.

Assignments,

973

1,347

20,548,418.90

Mortgages and Transfers

of Mortgages,

746

1,084

11,284,142.81

Reassignments and Satis-

factions,...

654

983

10,331,534.16

Surrenders,

33

56

58,487.27

Judgments and Orders of

Courts,

36

81

9,600.00

Probates and Letters of

Administration,

73

235

Miscellaneous Documents,

155

321

59,365.95

Total,...

2,670

4,107 $42,291,549.09

Table II.

Crown Leases granted during the year 1916.

Hongkong.

Kowloon.

New

Kowloon.

New

Territories.

Marine.

Inland.

Garden.

Pier.

31

58

ลง

Hung

Inland.

Hom.

Marine.

Shaukiwan

GO

3

2

A

Pier.

Inland.

Inland.

Tai Po.

Sheung Shui.

Fan Ling.

10

اسر

1

2 1 1 118

Total.

I 4

Table III.

Number of Deeds registered and Crown Leases issued

during the ten years from 1907 to 1916.

Year.

Deeds Registered.

Crown Leases Issued.

1907

1,428

64

1908

1,522

73

1909

1,544

14

1910

1,706

180

1911

2,142

99

1912

2,353

57

1913

2,814

118

1914

2,433

66

1915

2,154

166

1916

2,670

118

Table IV.

Fees Collected during the ten years from 1907 to 1916.

Registration Searches and

Grants

Year

of Deeds.

Copies of Documents.

of Leases.

Total.

$

c.

$

C.

$

C.

$

C.

1907.

21,507.00

2,010.05

1.835.00

25,352.05

1908,

23,178.00

1.920.50

1.970.00

27,068.50

1909,

22,325.00

2,268.75

1,270.00

25,863.75

1910,.

27,798.00

2,722.25

5,305.00

35,825.25

1911,.

33,871.00

2,827.20

2,925.00

39,623.20

1912.

37,528.00

2,805.75

1,820.00

42,153.75

1913,

45.018.00

3,530.50

3,670.00

52,218.50

1914.

38,362.00

3,200.25

2,450.00

44,012.25

1915,.

32,305.00

2,719.00

5,455.00

40,479.00

1916,...

42,070.00

3,368.25

3,960.00

49,398.25

*

I 5

Table V.

Crown Rent Roll.

Locality and Description.

No. of Lots.

Total Crown Rent.

$

C.

Victoria Marine Lot,

288

66,203.05

Praya Reclamation Marine Lot,

119

14,376.97

Victoria Inland Lot,

1,763.

158,016.90

Quarry Bay Marine Lot,

2

18,334.00

Inland Lot,

11

3,278.00

Farm Lot,

44

2,578.92

Garden Lot,

42

1,103.00

Rural Building Lot,

Aberdeen Marine Lot, Inland Lot,

116

10,962.84

5

579.16

61

2,098.16

Aplichow Marine Lot,

20

150.56

Inland Lot,

22

172.64

>

Shaukiwan Marine Lot,

10

1,928.00

Inland Lot,

144

2,446.40

19

Stanley Inland Lot,

4

4.00

Kowloon Marine Lot,

57

41,280.13

Inland Lot,...

851

52,250.43

Farm Lot,

5

141.99

"

Garden Lot,

Hung Hom Marine Lot,

11

Inland Lot,

Shek O Inland Lot, Tai Tam Inland Lot,... Tong Po Inland Lot,.. Quarries,

4.00

3,716.00

195

6,402.50

2

5.00

1

1.00

1

1.00

16

7,101.29

New Kowloon Marine Lot,

5

7,368.00

Inland Lot,

110

3,838.00

Farm Lot,...

4

1,080.00

Rural Building Lot,

38.00

Tai Po Inland Lot,

391.00

Fan Ling Lot,

1,192.00

Sheung Shui Lot,

1

8.00

Sai Kung Marine Lot,

Ping Chau Farm Lot,

1

Inland Lot,

1

500.00

225.00

Mining Lot,

2,560.00

Total,...

3,918

$410,335.94

I 6

Village Rent Roll.

Locality and Description.

No. of Lots.

Total Crown Rent.

c.

Wongneichung,

128

224.50

Aberdeen,

24

84.50

Pokfulam,

24

28.25

Tai Hang,

161

641.50

Ah Kung Ngam,

27

20.25

Shaukiwan,...

56

44.50

Tai Kok Tsui,

10

16.00

Mong Kok,

45

98.50

Hok Un,

95

277.50

Tokwawan, Shek Shan,

187

328.00

31

69.00

Sun Shan,

Mataukok,

Mati,

Ho Mun Tin,

Ma Tau Chung,

Ma Tau Wei,

18

59.50

31

44.50

2

5.50

6

17.50

57

127.50

126

220.50

Kau Pui Shek,

31

112.00

Hau Pui Loong,..

15

53.50

Tung Lo Wan,

23.00

Wong Tsuk Hang,

34.50

Tai Hang Stream,

18

77.00

Little Hongkong,

6

8.00

Tong Po,

2

3.50

Stanley,

Tytam,

Tytam Tuk,

Chai Wan,

Shek O,

11

21.00

1

3.50

2.50

Wong Ma Kok,

2.00

7

15.00

8

23.00

Hok Tsui,

1.50

Chung Hom Bay,

1

3.00

Chinese Joss House, Bowen Road, Victoria,

1

3.00

Aplichau,

288.00

Tsat Tsz Mui,

35

99.00

Kowloon Tong,

47

121.00

Deep Water Bay,

Telegraph Bay, Hung Hom West, Little Hongkong,

2

2.00

13

43.50

2

6.00

1,598

281.60

Total....

2,907

$ 3,534.60

Appendix J.

REPORT ON THE NEW TERRITORIES FOR THE YEAR 1916.

A. NORTHERN DISTRICT.

I. STAFF.

Mr. A. E. Wood acted as District Officer from the beginning of the year until the 20th April, on which date I returned from leave and resumed duty.

Mr Chambers, Land Bailiff, went on leave on the 6th April and Mr. Hollands of the Police acted as Land Bailiff from that date until the end of the year.

There were no other changes in the Staff during the year.

II.

MAGISTRACY.

The following Table shews the number of cases heard by the District Officer sitting as Police Magistrate and as judge of the Small Debts Court:-

1915.

1916.

Cases heard,...

260

232

Persons brought before the Police

Magistrate, ...

420

352

Persons convicted and punished,

275

213

Persons bound over,

30

43

Persons discharged,.

105

94

Persons committed,

10

2

Persons imprisoned,

84

61

Fines inflicted,

$1.371.70

$1,820.75

Warrants executed,

4.1

35

Small Debts Court.

1915.

1916.

Cases heard,...

Writs of execution,

Summons fees,

165

81

51

67

$58

8$

Money loan association cases and cases in which there was no dispute are not included in the above figures. The Small Debts Court is in many cases merely a place to which two parties resort to record the fact that a certain debt has been contracted. There were one or two troublesome bankruptcy cases which entailed the hearing of dozens of cases in which trivial sums of money were owed to the bankrupt shops. According to local custom when a shop goes bankrupt all persons who owe money to that shop regard them- selves as absolved from paying their debts. This is a very great

J 2

injustice to the shop which in many cases is not really bankrupt but is merely being pressed by some large creditor and finds that it is unable to call in any of its small debts. In such cases it is impossible to charge any fees. The Magistrate has in these cases to act as a sort of receiver in bankruptcy though generally speak- ing there is no actual bankruptcy. In all such cases

In all such cases I have been much impressed by the scrupulous accuracy of local shop books.

There was during the year little crime committed by persons residing in the Territory. The number of persons sent to prison was only 61, which is the smallest number recorded since the Ter- · ritory was taken over.

There was some increase in the number of cases of smuggling opium out of the Territory, but the vigilance of Mr. Winyard, Head Guard, and other officials of the Kowloon Canton Railway, was res- ponsible for a large number of arrests.

Many and curious receptacles were used for the purpose of conveying the smuggled drag: specially prepared shoes with hollow soles: scooped out pineapples and other fruit: the restaurant ham, which had been converted into a veritable jambon farcie; and on one occasion the maternal appearance of a Chinese female passenger was found to be only due to tins of smuggled opium swathed around her body.

III. LAND OFFICE..

The number of sales and other transactions affecting land which took place during the year are set forth in Table A. The number of memorials registered was 3,020 as against 3,202 in 1915. The fees received as stamp duty amounted to $1,601.30 as against $1,607.10 in the previous year.

The registration of memorials was begun in the year 1905 and at the end of 1916 no less than 34,298 documents affecting land had been registered in this office.

Small fees for registration were introduced in 1911 and up to the end of the year under review a total of $9,962 has been received under this head.

The feature of the year was the enormous increase in the amount received from sales of land. The amount received under this head was $65,508.60 as against a previous maximum of $11,275.69 in 1913.

A large tract of land near Ping Shan was sold for $48,600 but even if this be regarded as a windfall the premia received from land sales excluding this amount were $16,908.61 which far exceeds the total for any previous year.

There was considerable development in Tai Po Market and several sites near the Market Station were taken up for building -purposes. There is a demand for new houses and shops and a return of about 12 per cent. can be got from this form of investment.

The area near Fan Ling known as the On Lok Village was opened up and developed. This area is owned by a Company con-

J 3

sisting of some hundred members and it is proposed to erect upwards of one hundred houses, each house will be surrounded by a small garden or orchard. The members of this Company are, I under- stand, well-to-do Cantonese and the idea seems to be to create a sort of City of Refuge to which they can go in the event of trouble breaking out in Canton.

There was considerable activity at the mine near Lin Ma Hang. It is not possible to say if this venture will be a financial success but it has brought work and money into the Lin Ma Hang district, which was one of the poorest portions of the Territory. I might perhaps mention that although a considerable number of persons have been employed at this mine throughout the year, no quarrels or disturbances of any sort have been reported to the Police.

IV.-REVENUE.

The total revenue collected in this office is set forth under the various heads in Table B.

The total collected was $174,153.77 which is an increase of $62,078.06 on the receipts for 1915 which were the largest which had been received from this district.

It is difficult to obtain exact figures before the year 1908 as the method of collecting was different, but the Table below gives the revenue collected in this office since that year :-

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912

· 1913

1914

1915

1916

$

C.

93,001.17

97,962.21

101,032.40

102,960.60

106,607.67

111,301.72

108,455.14

***

112,075.71

174,153.77

In addition to the above amount the following amounts paid by the Territory but not through this office should be added:-

Liquor Duties, Sai Kung, Harbour Dues, Sai Kung,

""

19

"}

No. 3 Launch,

No. 4

No. 2

Crown Rent paid in Land Office,

Royalties on minerals,

Mining Licences,

Total,

$

C.

2,475.52

2,971.00

7,157.70

4,063.95

3,234.35

3,310.06

284.41

1,255.48

$ 24,752.47

The total revenue received from the Northern District during 1916 was therefore $198,906.24.

The cost of running the District Office during the year was $28.951.95.

J 4

V. LIQUOR.

The total revenue collected from the District was:-

1915.

$ C.

1916.

C.

Distillery Licences,

2,691.75 2,723.00

Chinese Wines and Spirits Licences, 3,768.75 3,939.50

Liquor Duties,

5,915.75 9,526.86

$12,376.25 16,189.36

Collected through Hongkong at Sai

Kung,

2,475.52

Total,

$18,664.88

The liquor duties were increased on March 1st from 5 cents a gallon to 10 cents a gallon. The number of gallons distilled during 1915, at the lower rate of duty, was 118,315 as against 110,632 in 1916 when the higher rate prevailed for ten months. The increase of duty led to an increase of 61 per cent. in the revenue and only to a reduction of 65 per cent. in the quantity distilled, which shews clearly, I think, that the tax can be easily borne.

VI.--GENERAL.

The first crop of rice was fair but the second crop partially failed; in all districts the failure was about 30 per cent. of the crop and in some amounted to as much as 40 per cent. Landlords had in consequence to reduce their rents and the managers of loan associa- tions in which payment is made in padi did not call for any biddings after the second crop, this is always a certain sign of a bad year for it means that the people have no spare padi with which to pay their contributions to the loan association. The failure of the second crop was partly due to lack of rain and partly to the appearance of a minute worm which destroyed the crop. I tried to obtain specimens of this beast but was unfortunately too late to do so. The animal is well known by repute but is said not to have appeared in the District for fifty years. Whether he is really an arithmetical mon- ster, as some affirm, and reappears with regularity at the second crop every fifty years, I am unable to say, but he is a gourmet and feeds only on the best variety of padi, the stalk of which he attacks and causes it to become blighted and unable to bear a head of grain. In Table C I give the rainfall for the year as observed at Tai Po Police Station.

It will be seen that 104:28 inches of rain fell during the year which is well above the average. The average for the ten years, 1906 to 1915; was 96'05 inches.

The rain, however, fell at times inconvenient for the crops. No less than 71 16 inches fell during the three months, May, June, and July, while during the last three months of the year the rainfall was only 174 inches.

There was a somewhat bad outbreak of crime towards the end of the year and bands from over the border successfully entered the

J 5

-

Territory and robbed and kidnapped. This outbreak was entirely due to the lack of any reasonable system of policing on the other side of the frontier. Some fear and uneasiness was evinced in the Territory but the prompt measures taken by the Police soon restored confidence and suppressed disorder.

The war continued to exercise practically no influence on the people of the district. There are no local newspapers from which they could follow the course of events, even if they could read, which the vast majority of them cannot. The only purveyors of war news are the occasional firemen and stokers who return to their homes from foreign parts and it is probable that their views on the war are not very illuminating. With the exception of kerosene, the war does not affect the price of local commodities.

There has however been a considerable increase in the cost of living. I estimate that the cost of living in Tai Po Market is now 50 per cent. higher than it was ten years ago. Prices and rentals have all gone up. A house which one of my clerks rented ten years ago at $4 a month now costs $7.50. Pork is six cents a catty dearer than it was and the cost of wine has gone up 2 cents a catty. Fish, owing to the railway, has become dear and difficult to get. All good fish goes to Hongkong by train and if one wishes to buy good fish locally it can only be obtained at Hongkong prices. Wages have also risen. The accountant of a shop in the market who used to receive a salary of $150 a year with board and lodging now receives $200 and the wages of coolies have also increased. There can be no doubt that there is more money in the Territory than there used to be ten years ago, and the largely increased sales of aerated waters and foreign cigarettes point to a general rise in the standard of luxury.

On the whole in spite of the bad crop, it may be said that the year was prosperous. The Crown rent and other dues were paid without a murmur and with practically no arrears and as far as the people of the Territory were concerned there was no serious crime and no actual want.

S. B. C. Ross,

District Officer.

19th February, 1917.

Headings.

No. of Sales,

Permits, Licences, etc. No. of Lots.

Table A.

Area.

Increase of Crown Rent.

Decrease of Crown Rent.

eo

C.

Amount of Premia, Fees,

etc.

Amount paid for Resump- tion of Land.

Term of Years.

S

€Ð

Sales of Land for Agriculture,...

Building,

112.05 | for first 3 years

82

58,009,327 s.f.

1,309.05 for remaining years

56,672.00

165

Threshing Floor,

Orchard,

224

14

167,160

21,320

278.30

1.90

2,149.00

188.00

75

11.00 for first 3 years

3,785,799

""

88.00 for remaining years

3,789.00

""

Brick-kiln and Yard,

184,259

12.80

1,844.00

Agriculture,...

4,356

,,

.20

6.00

28

Conversions,

12 201

4

2,706

6.93

22.61

75

Permits to occupy Land for Agriculture,.. 80

176

981,300

110.70

15

26

1,240,589

59.94

5

15

>>

Building, etc.,

10

10

17,377

46.22

1

Granted on Lease,

12

33,977

.78

75

""

Exchanges,....

10

17,339

1.41

>>

Stone Quarry Leases,.

2

76 ac. or 3,310,560

""

645.90

1

Re-entries,

Surrenders,..

34 (1)

47

66,211

52,822,264

"

""

11.92

43.11

صر

(1) 9 Lots unsurveyed.

J 6-

Resumptions,

Headings.

Stone Quarry Permits,

Permits to cut Earth, etc.,

No. of Sales,

Permits, Licences, etc. No. of Lots.

260

100

100

Water Wheel Licences,

Matshed Permits,

Ferry Licences,...

Forestry Licences,

436

Pineapple Land Leases,

21

Grave Certificates,

163

Deeds Registered,

3,020

Stamps for Registration of Deeds,

Table A,(Continued).

Area.

3,139,805 s.f.

29,622.97 ac.

12.80

وو

Increase of

Crown Rent.

$

ن

$

Decrease of

Crown Rent.

86.07

Amount of Premia, Fees,

etc.

Amount paid for Resump- tion of Land.

Term of Years.

C.

142.00

C.

R

8,867.32

113.00

7.00

106.50

9.00

3,078.16

38.40

82.25

1,601.30

""

Ι

- J 7-

J 8

Table B.

Revenue collected in the Northern District, New Territories, during the years 1915 and 1916.

1915.

1916.

Crown Rent,

$ c. 80,183.66

$

C.

80,461.82

Kerosene Oil Licences,

296.00

303.00

Distillery Licences,

2,691.75

2,723.00

Chinese Wines and Spirits,

3,768.75

3,939.50

Pawnbroker's Licences,

1,600.00

1,600.00

Money Changer's Licences,

840.00

770.00

Forestry Licences,

3,065.21

3,078.16

Permits to cut earth,

121.00

113.00

Fines,

Forfeitures,

Distress Warrants,

1,371.70

1,820.75

269.15

38.56

44.00

49.00

Grave Certificates,

72.25

82.25

Matshed Permits,

98.50

106.50

Permits to occupy land,

449.24

395.60

Stone Quarry Permits,

43.00

142.00

Stone Quarry Leases,

724.19

618.80

Certified Extracts,

101.00

83.00

Sun Prints,

40.00

110.00

Pineapple Licences,

39.42

38.40

Water Wheel Licences,

9.00

7.00

Ferry Licences,

12.00

9.00

Premia on Land Sales,

9,577.71

65,508.61*

House Rent, (Clerks),.........

549.35

475.00

Liquor Duties,

5,915.75

9,526.86

Distress Warrants, (Crown Rent),

71.00

52.00

Arrears of Revenue,

3.38

47.66

Forfeitures, (Sales of Land),

51.00

28.00

:

Reward Fund, (Opium),

Unclaimed Compensation,.

Arms Fine Fund,

Stamps for Deeds, etc.,

Total,

Revenue 1916, Revenue 1915,

Increase 1916,

*Note. The amount $65,508.61 (Premia on Land Sales) is

made up as follows:-

30.00

310.00

37.70

115.00

1,601.30

$112,075.71 $174,153.77

$174,153.77 112,075.71

$ 62,078.06

Paid at Tai Po, 1916,

$16,070.61

Paid in Hongkong,

48,600.00

Paid at Tai Po at end of December and after

books had been closed for the year,

838.00

Total,...

$65,508.61

M

J 9

Table C.

Rainfall at Tai Po Station, 1916.

January,

February,

March,

April,

May,

June,...

July,

August,

September,

October,

November,

December....

Total Rainfall. ...

:

:

Inches.

4.87

1:30

0:48

6.52

12.49

38.64

20.03

4:43

13.78

171

0:00

0:03

104.28

J 10

B.-SOUTHERN DISTRICT.

I-STAFF.

Mr. A. D. Ball acted as Assistant District Officer throughout the year.

The subordinate staff of the Department was augmented by the addition of a Notice Server, the post being filled from the 1st of January.

II. MAGISTRACY.

The Assistant District Officer sitting as Police Magistrate heard during the year 129 cases affecting 188 persons. 142 persons were convicted or bound over and 25 were discharged.

The following table gives a comparison with 1914 and 1915:-

:-

1914.

1915.

1916.

No. of cases,

247

127

129

No. of persons affected,

355

211

188

No. of persons convicted or

bound over,

304

163

142

No. of persons discharged,

41

35

25

No. of persons imprisoned,

45

12

17

Fines (excluding opium and

including Arms Fines), ... $4,865.78 $2,569.45 $1,163.52

Opium Fines paid to Govern-

ment Reward Fund, $ 242.00 $ 305.00 S Forfeitures,

35.00

$ 196.71 $ 121.42 $218.94

III. SMALL DEBTS COURT.

110 cases were instituted during the year as compared with 98 in 1915 and 57 in 1914. Courts were held as usual in the District during the year. The people are certainly availing themselves more and more of this convenient means of collecting debts.

IV.-LAND OFFICE.

The number of sales of land and other transactions affecting land which took place during 1916 are set forth in Table A, which has now been inserted in the Annual Report for the first time.

1,342 deeds were registered during the year as compared with 1,334 in 1915. This is again the highest number on record. Registration fees for 1916 were $1,549.50 as compared with $1,258.10 in 1915.

The sum of $75,000 was paid to the Treasury--the sale being negotiated through the Public Works Department of a large area of land (151 38 acres) for reclamation in Kowloon Bay.

The pur- chasers were the Kai Tack Land Investment Company.

Noticeable land transactions have been (1) the lease of a large area at Tai O for orchard the first venture of its kind in this locality, and (2) the sale of approximately 8,000 sq. ft. of Crown land on the sea front at Cheung Chau. These two are largely responsible for the increase of Revenue under "Land Sales".

Towards the end of the year an unusual number of applications was received for building land on Lantao Plateau.

J 11

V. REVENUE.

The total Revenue collected by the Assistant District Officer is shown in Table B. There is a considerable increase on the Revenue for 1915. Fines have decreased owing to the relative unimportance of the cases heard. The increase in the case of Crown rent and pineapple licences is partly due to the payment of arrears in the early part of 1916. The fact that rates at Sham Shui Po were raised 1% for the second half of 1915 and continued at the higher rate throughout 1916 accounts for the increase under 'Assessed Taxes".

66

A new item has been added to the list, viz., Arms Fine Fund. This was previously included in "Fines".

Registration fees for deeds, which are paid in stamps, have not. as in previous years, been included in Table B, since they are properly Post Office Revenue.

Table C gives details of revenue collected in licence fees by the Police in 1915 and 1916.

Table D shows the Revenue collected during 1915 and 1916 in the District by all departments other than the District Office, and includes the totals of Table C.

Table E shows comparatively the total revenue collected from the Southern District by all departments during the last three years.

Liquor Duties were ing 1916 amounting to $137,331.21.

VI. LIQUOR.

collected in the Southern District dur- $204,482.75. The total for 1915 was

The chief sources of this revenue are given in the following table which shows comparatively the totals of the last three years:-

District.

No. of Dis- tilleries in 1916.

Revenue 1914.

Revenue Revenue

1915.

1916.

$

$

$5

Tsun Wan.... Kwai Chung...... Rest of Mainland

including Kow-

13

43.343

44,244

70,323

loon City and

Sham Shui Po, .

Cheung Chau,

Tai O,..

888∞

N

2

9,067

28,957

40,355

37.722

47,267

70,809

13,783

15,363

20,347

1,432

1,252

2,201

A considerable quantity of this liquor is exported for Hongkong

consumption.

J 12

VII.—OPIUM.

5,347 taels of prepared Bengal opium, 16 taels of dross opium and 4,551 taels of Persian opium were sold during the year as compared with 13,917 taels of prepared opium and 516 taels of dross opium in 1915..

VIII.-GENERAL.

Crops. The first crop seems to have been a success in most places and the second to have been spoilt by lack of rain except at Tsun Wan.

The pineapple season at Tsun Wan was again good, the fruit fetching $1.50 a picul. There was no friction this year in connec- tion with the export to Hongkong.

Trade. Fishing and trade generally has been fair only during the year. Some industries have suffered owing to the disturbances in Canton. Poultry farming in Lamma Island is still in a flourish- ing condition and there is a considerable trade in grass cut here, which is taken to Aberdeen and sold for breaming purposes.

Tai 0.-The general state of Tai O is certainly improving. A small fire in February at Chinese New Year destroyed a few of the pile houses in which the fishing population live. However, although there are still as many as 350 of these, there has certainly been a marked tendency during 1916 to build brick and stone houses in the village. There is also a scheme afoot for reclaiming land at the mouth of the creek and constructing a public garden and more dwelling houses.

The salt pans at Tai O have had a more profitable year. The output has been 1,259 tons as compared with 1,150 in 1915 and 800

in 1914.

One armed robbery took place at the end of the year but speaking generally there is very little crime in the district.

Cheung Chau, (Dumb-bell Island).-The islanders suffered con- siderably during the spring from an epidemic of plague and the death rate for the year has in consequence risen to nearly twice the rate for 1915. The Hongkong Sanitary Department supplied disinfectants and utensils and conducted a house cleaning expedition. The work was continued in the village by local coolies under the supervision of the Sergeant of Police and is to be done regularly in future.

During the year the community constructed a new and much larger ferry launch at considerable expense.

Tsun Wan.--One small knitting factory was opened during the year and on November 1st a Government midwife was appointed to reside permanently in Tsun Wan, at the request of the people. There is a prospect of a regular ferry service to Hongkong in 1917.

J 13

A number of lots in New Kowloon have been resumed for the construction of a new road to Sham Shui Po, and a large area of land in Kowloon Bay was sold by the Public Works Department for reclamation and building.

*

26th March, 1917.

A. DYER BALL, Assistant District Officer,

Southern District.

Table A.

No. of

Sales, .No. Area

Increase

Decrease

Amount

of

of

of

Headings.

Permits, of

Crown

Crown

Licences, Lots.

Acres.

Rent.

Rent.

Premium,

Fees, &c.

Amount

paid for

Resump-

tion of

Term

of

years.

&c.

Land.

Land Sales, Building, (New Kowloon),

Building, (Islands),

"

}}

Agricultural, (Islands),

"}

Threshing Floor, (Islands),

>>

Storing Grass, (Islands),

"

Orchard, (Islands),

Permit to occupy land for Building, (New Kowloon),.

Agricultural,

""

""

""

>>

"

(Islands),

Drying Fish,

""

Tennis Court,

J 14 -

C.

C.

C.

*

C.

*03

4.50

21.00

75

14

*35

30.50

326.00

75

8.59

9.31

433.00

75

·12

.70

54.00

75

·11

2.40

24.59

24.70

48.00

1,450.00

75

21 *

*03

6.00

1

57

8.60

5

8.77

72.60

1

*35

3.50

Half year

•13

.60

1

-23

4.60

5

*06

1.00

1

1

1

*09

.13

75

22

22

26

29

26

2022

*60

70.00

389.95

75

6.27

1.44

30.36

2.50

204.22

6,032.23

637

848.01

111

126.00

38

38.00

16

6.50

116

18,032.66

1,793.29

511

365.96:

1

230.00

1,342

1,246.65

600.00

1,549.50 †

Granted on Equitable Claim, Agricultural, (New Kowloon),..

Conversions from Agricultural to Building Land,

Surrenders,

Re-entries,

Resumptions,

Matshed Permits,

Earth Permits,

Grave Certificates,.

Water Wheel Licences,

Pineapple Land Leases,

Forestry Licences,

Stone Quarry Leases,.

Deeds Registered,

* Renewable for 7 years.

† Fees for Registration of Deeds.

J 15

Table B.

Revenue collected by the Assistant District Officer, Southern District, New Territories.

1915.

1916.

$ c.

$ c.

Land Sales,

1,375.84

2,721.95

Crown Rent,

28.312.13

29,510.79

Assessed Taxes,

8,557.18

8,969.18

Lease of Stone Quarries,

863.40

600.00

Forestry Licences,...

1,793.97

1,793.29

Earth Permits,

111.50

126.00

Matshed Permits,

744.60

848.01

Permits to occupy Land,

1,332.66*

1,015.51

Pineapple Licences,

930.23

1,246.65

Registration Fees,...

1,258.10

Distress Warrants, (Crown Rent),

84.00

53.00

Distress Warrants, (Small Debts),

16.00

22.00

Writs of Summons,

121.00

132.00

Fines, (Police Court),

2,569.45†

1,098.52

Forfeitures,

121.42

218.94

Certified Extracts,...

22.00

21.00

Grave Certificates,

Miscellaneous Receipts, Interest,... Legal Costs,

4.00

6.50

208.56

141.62

15.56

5.08

2.50

7.00

Sunprint Plans,

45.00

120.00

Boundary Stones, ...

115.00

13.20

Water Wheel Licences,.

38.00

38.00

Reward Fund, (Opium Fines),

305.00

35.00

Arms Fine Fund

165.00

Building Plans,

2.00

3.00

48,949.10

Less Registration Fees, ...

1,258.10

Total,...

$47,691.00 $48,911.24

*For 1914 and 1915,

† Including Arms Fines.

Table C.

Licence Fees collected by the Police Department.

J 16

Station.

Distilleries.

Wine and

Spirit.

Kerosine.

Eating

Pawn

Money

House.

Dogs.

Chan-

Total.

Brokers.

gers.

€-

$3

C. $

$

$

$

$

C.

Kowloon City, -

f 1915

800.00

2,450.00

56

35

246

2,250

5,837.00

-

1916

800.00

2,450.00

57

25

273

3,000

6,605.00

1915

800.00

Sham Shui Po, -

5,600.00

60

35

291

2,000

8,786.00

1916

800.00

4,800.00

41

40

399

2,000

8,080.00

1915

Tai O,

125.00

618.75

62

400

50

1,255.75

1916

75.00

643.75

54

400

70

1,242.75

1915

149.00

850.00

66

800.

30

Cheung Chau, -

1,895.00

-

1916

124.50

875.00

76

800

40

1,915.50

1915

593.00

468.75

34

Tsun Wan,

10

1,105.75

1916

569.00

450.00

20

10

1,049.00

Po Toi,

1915

25.00

25.00

1916

50.00

43.75

93.75

Yung Shu Wan,

1915

50.00

30

80.00

Lamma Island, -7

1916

50.00

50.00

1915

Lai Chi Kok,

1916

10

. 10.00

1915

Total,

2,467.00 | 10,062.50

278

100

537

5,450

90

18,984.50

1916

2,418.50 9,312.50

248

75

672

6,200

120

19,046.00

J 17

Table D.

Revenue collected through other Departments from the New Territories, Southern District.

1915.

1916.

$ C.

$

C.

Treasury, (Premium paid in connection.

with Kowloon Bay Reclamation Scheme),

75,000.00

Treasury, (Crown Rent for Inland Lots), Treasury, (Quarries in New Kowloon),

12,650.50

11,863.31

12,568.22

9,794.73

Harbour Office, (Harbour Dues, Stake

Nets, &c.),

24,521.95

26,517.80

Police, (Licence Fees),

18,984.50*

19,046.00*

Imports and Exports Office, (Liquor

Duties),

137,331.21 204,482.75

Total,...

$206,056.38 $346,704.59

Table E.

Total Revenue collected from Southern District, New Territories, during the last 3 years.

1914.

$

1915.

$ C.

1916.

$

C.

By Assistant District Office, ...

54,909.00† 47,691.00 48,911.24†

By other Departments, ...

Total,

177,838.74 206,056.38§ 204,482.75§

$232,747.74 $253,747.38 $253,393.99

* See Table C.

Excluding Registration Fees.

§ See Table D.

Appendix K.

REPORT OF THE CAPTAIN SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE

FOR THE YEAR 1916.

The total of all cases reported to the Police during the year 1916 was 11,319 as against 9,460 in 1915 being an increase of 1,859 or 19.65 per cent. The average for the last five years is

10,853.4.

In the division of these cases into Serious and Minor Offences, there appears an increase, as compared with 1915, of 396 cases or 12.68 per cent. in the former and of 1,463 cases or 23:09 per cent. in the latter.

The increase and decrease as compared with 1915 in Serious Offences are shown as follows:-

Increase.

21

Burglary and Larceny from dwelling, Kidnapping and Protection of Women and

Children,...

Unlawful possession,

1

56

Larceny, ...

Decrease.

Murder,

:

Robbery,

Assault with intent to rob,

Other Felonies,

Nett increase,

:

...

...

341

1

:

419

1

5

...

12

...

23

396

This increase was to a large extent due to the very large influx of Chinese owing to the disturbances in Chinese Territory.

2. Table I shows the number and character of the Serious and Minor Offences reported to the Police during 1915 and 1916 and number of persons convicted and discharged in connection with these offences.

MURDER.

3. Twelve murders were reported to the Police during the year, compared with 13 in 1915.

In connection with 7 of these reports, no arrest was made, and in the remaining 5 cases, arrests were made. There were 2 cases in which convictions were obtained (5 persons of whom 3 were convicted and 2 discharged). In 3 cases there was no convic- tion (3 persons).

K 2

MANSLAUGHter.

4. Nine manslaughters were reported to the Police during the year as against 8 in 1915.

In 2 cases, no arrest was made; in the remaining 7 cases arrests were made. There were 3 cases in which convictions were obtained (4 persons of whom 3 were convicted and 1 discharged). In 4 cases there was no conviction (4 persons).

GANG ROBBERIES.

5. Forty-seven gang robberies were reported to the Police. during the year as against 44 in 1915.

In 27 cases no arrest was made; in the remaining 20 cases arrests were made. There were 13 cases in which convictions were obtained (29 persons of whom 25 were convicted and 4 discharged). In 6 cases there was no conviction (9 persons). One case with one man undecided.

STREET AND HIGHWAY ROBBERIES.

6. Sixteen street and highway robberies were reported to the Police during the year as against 20 in 1915.

In 12 cases, no arrest was made; in the remaining 4 cases, arrests were made. There were 3 cases in which convictions were case there was no conviction

obtained (6 persons). In one

(1 person).

ROBBERIES ON BOATS AND JUNKS.

7. Two cases were reported to the Police during the year as against 6 in 1915.

In these two cases, no arrest was made.

OTHER FELONIES.

8. Under this heading are comprised the following

:-

1916.

1915.

Arson and attempted arson, ... Cutting and wounding,

Demanding money with menaces,......

6

1

21

40

...

4

5

Embezzlement,

Forgery,

Detaining a man for ransom,.

Housebreaking,

...

Throwing corrosive fluid,

Carried forward,

31

53

25 У

72 60

Assault with intent to have carnal knowledge,

1 2

160 172

¦

!

Į

M

K 3

Brought forward,

Receiving stolen property,

Child stealing,...

Seditious publication,

...

Aiding and abetting in a misdemeanour,

Falsification of accounts by clerk,

Lecturing on seditious matter,

Rape,

Inciting to commit an offence,

1916. 1915.

160 172

...

52 44

1 1

1

...

NTT

1

1

2

1

2

1

...

1

In possession of seditious matter,

...

Administering poison with intent to do

grievous bodily harm,

Accessory after the fact of murder, Accessory after the fact of robbery, Abominable offences,

...

216 229

The number of cases in which convictions were obtained was 80 as against 89 in 1915.

GAMBLING.

9. One hundred and sixty-four Gambling Warrants were executed as against 181 in 1915. There were 9 cases in which no conviction was obtained.

Nine were lottery cases, compared with 11 in 1915.

PROPERTY REPORTED STOLEN AND PROPERTY RECOVERED.

10. The estimated value of property stolen during the year was $266,581.70 as against $197,251.88 in 1915, an increase of $69,329.82.

The average for the last five years is $280,719.45.

The value of property recovered and restored to owners was $30,428.17 as against $23,170.37 in 1915, an increase over pro- perty recovered in the previous year of $7,257.80.

LOST PROPERTY.

return showing property lost or

11. The following is a recovered:

Articles Year. reported

lost.

Value lost.

Articles recovered and articles found which were not reported lost.

Value

found.

1916

298

$31,573.04

135

$2,467.70

1915

247

16,975.35

100

10,380.01

K 4

THE PIRACY ORDINANCE.

12. Number of searchers employed under the Prevention of

Piracy Ordinance, 1914:-

European Lance Sergeant,

European Acting Lance Sergeant,

European Constables,

Female Searchers,

Chinese Staff of Searchers,

Female Searcher, (privately paid),

One

One

Two

...Thirty-one

Two

One

The European Lance Sergeant, Acting Lance Sergeant and the two Constables assist in the examination of passengers leaving the Colony under the Travellers Restriction Ordinance, 1915.

Number of Steamer Guards employed up to December 31st, 1916:-

European Constable in charge, Steamer Guards,

Steam Launch Guards,

...

...

1 ...218

...

42

Number of Steamers entered into bond up to the 31st December, 1916:-

Steamers,

...

...

Steam Launches,

...

13.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.

Weights and Measures examined. Correct.

Foreign Scales,

Chinese Scales,

Yard Measures,

Chek Measures,

Liquid Measures,...

Total,...

...

...147 32

Incorrect.

Total.

610

21

2,983

189

631 3,172

162

2

164

813 12

-

814

Nil.

12

4,580

213

4,793

The following prosecutions were instituted under the Weights and Measures Ordinance :-

Number of Cases.

165

Convictions.

Fines.

165

$3.925

K 5

DANGEROUS GOODS ORDINANCE.

14. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Dangerous Goods Ordinance :-

Number of Cases.

18

Convictions.

18

FOOD AND DRUGS ORDINANCE.

Fines.

$170

15. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Food and Drugs Ordinance :-

Number of Cases.

4

Convictions.

Fines.

$42

Samples purchased and sent to the Government Analyst :

Brandy. Rum. Whisky. Ale. Port. Sherry.

Giu,

6

6

8

6

3

2

All the above samples were certified to be genuine with the exception of two samples of whisky purchased from the Sun Co. and Sincere Co., these two samples being deficient in the amount of higher alcohols. The two firms were prosecuted and fined $20 each.

Two samples of rum purchased from Sang Tai and Hung Cheong & Co. were found deficient in ethers. These firms were prosecuted and fined $1 each.

TRAFFIC REGULATIONS.

16. The following prosecutions were instituted under the Traffic Regulations, (Notification No. 359 in the Gazette of the 6th December, 1912), since repealed by Notification No. 141 of the 7th April, 1916):-

Prosecu- Convic- Withdrawn. Discharged. Remanded. Result.

tions.

tions.

3,483

3,361

21

89

12

$12,954.50

K 6 -

MENDICANTS.

17. Forty beggars were dealt with by the Magistrate, and three who were sick were sent to the Tung Wah Hospital. 572 were sent to Canton as follows:-

How often sent away.

Canton..

Once,

Twice,...

Thrice,...

Four times,...

Seven times,

Thirteen times,

...

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

.:.

:

:

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:..

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Total,...

468

56

29

17

1

1

572

DEAD BODIES.

18. Table II shows the number of the unknown dead bodies found by the Police in the streets and elsewhere during the year.

DEPORTEES AND VAGRANTS.

19. 960 persons were banished from Hongkong.

778 persons deported from Singapore were sent on by

Police.

4 persons deported from British North Borneo were

sent on by Police..

141 vagrants were received from Singapore and sent on

by Police.

582 vagrants were received from Dutch East Indies and

sent on by Police.

1,087 vagrants were received from Saigon and sent on by

Police.

76 coolies were received from Singapore and sent on

by Police.

LICENCES.

20. The following licences were issued during 1916 :-

1,150 Hongkong Jinrickshas.

5 Kowloon Garage Licences. 4 Kowloon Garage Drivers.

K 7

385 Kowloon Jinrickshas. 700 Hongkong Chairs.

60 Hill District Chairs. 12,799 Drivers and Bearers.

1,252 Truck Licences.

6 Private Vehicles. 49 Motor Cars (Livery). 47 Motor Cars (Private). 129 Motor Car Drivers.

99 Motor Cycle Licences. 122 Motor Cycle Drivers.

2 Auctioneers.

5 Licences to store Acetone.

7 Billiard Tables or Bowling Alleys.

1 Brewery.

15 Licences to store Calcium Carbide.

2 Licences to store Chlorate Mixture.

4 Licences to store Chlorate of Potassium and other

Chlorate.

8 Licences to store Compressed Oxygen.

36 Licences to store Detonators.

8 Licences to store Dissolved Acetylene.

12 Distillery Licences (Old Territories).

27 Distillery Licences (New Territories). 36 Licences to store Dynamite.

50 Licences to store Ether and Alcoholic Liquids.

163 Licences to shoot and take game.

13 Licences to store Gunpowder.

13 Licences to store Kerosine Oil (in Godown).

1,198 Licences to store Kerosine Oil (Ordinary).

73 Licences to store Kerosine Oil (New Territories).

32 Marine Stores.

236 Money Changers.

23 Licences to store Naphtha and Benzine.

19 Licences to store Naphtha and Benzine (in Garage).

2 Licences to store Nitrobenzine or Oil of Mirbane.

96 Pawnbrokers.

9 Licences to store Petroleum in bulk.

2 Licences to store Petroleum in fuel.

1. Licence to store Phosphorus.

8 Licences to store Rockets. 24 Poison (Wholesale).

255 Spirit (Chinese Old Territories).

86 Spirit (Chinese New Territories).

K 8

27 Licences to store Sulphuric Acid and Nitric Acid. 9,018 Hawkers.

DOGS ORDINANCE.

21. 2,116 dogs were licensed during 1916.

91 watch dogs were licensed free of charge.

158 stray dogs were impounded, 98 were sent to the Dogs'

Home and 60 were destroyed.

ARMS, ORDINANCE.

22. Two licences to import and deal in arms and two to deal in sporting arms and ammunition were issued during 1916. During the whole year a Proclamation has been in force prohibiting the export of warlike stores from the Colony. The following arms and ammunition were confiscated during the year, viz. :-

Four Winchester rifles, 24 rifles, 3 Mauser pistols, 21 auto- matic pistols, 22 revolvers, 4,877 rounds of Winchester ammunition, 1,668 rounds of automatic pistol ammunition, 14,290 rounds of Mauser pistol ammunition, 17,123 rounds of revolver ammunition, 39 bayonets, 1,329 detonators, 3,000 percussion caps, and 60 pounds dynamite.

EDUCATION.

23. During the year, 5 Europeans and 67 Indians obtained certificates for knowledge of Chinese, 37 Indians obtained certifi- cates for English, and 1 Chinese obtained a certificate for English.

MUSKETRY.

24. The Indians were put through the usual course of musketry and 50 passed as qualified marksmen. The course for Europeans will be held in 1917.

IDENTIFICATION BY FINGER IMPRESSIONS.

25. Six hundred and forty-eight persons were identified as having previous convictions against them, an increase of 146 as compared with 1915.

Ninety-eight identifications were those of criminals who had returned from banishment.

CONDUCT.

26. The conduct of the European Contingent (average strength 165) was good. The total number of reports against them was 22 as against 45 in 1915. There were two reports for being drunk or

K 9

under the influence of drink as against 7 in 1915, 3 were reported for sleeping on duty as against none, and none for neglect of duty as against 2. One European constable was convicted for assault.

The conduct of the Indian Contingent (average strength 471) was good. There were 276 reports as against 370 for the preceding year. For drunkenness there were 8 as against 48, for disorderly conduct 26 as against 28, for neglect of duty & as against 23, for absence from duty 60 as against 82, for gossiping and idling on duty 62 as against 56, and for sleeping on duty 20 as against 33. 248 men had no report.

The behaviour of the Chinese Contingent (average strength 421) was fair. There were altogether 1,218 reports as against 885 in 1915. There was one report for drunkenness as against one, 138 for sleeping on duty as against 113, 23 for disorderly conduct as against 22, and 598 for minor offences as against 337. 180 men had no report.

Five Chinese Constables were convicted by the Police Magis- trate (four dismissed), 2 for misconduct as a Police Constable, one for neglect of duty, one for larceny and bribery, and one for assault.

The seamen, coxswains, engineers, and stokers (average strength 179) had 117 reports as compared with 126 for last year. For drunkenness there was one report as against none in 1915, and 91 for absence from station and late for duty as against 84 in the previous year; 98 men had no report recorded against them.

REWARDS.

27. First class medals were granted to Chinese Sergeant Major Chan Sik-cheung and Principal Chinese Detective Hau Hang for over 30 years' long and faithful service; 4th class medals were granted to 4 Indians and 2 Chinese for long and faithful service, and to 3 Indians for saving lives and to 3 Chinese for exceptional service. Rewards of $10 were given to an Indian Constable for saving life, and to a Chinese Constable for an exceptional arrest.

28. Up to the end of the year forty-one members of the Hong- kong Police Force had enlisted for Active Service and twenty more were ready at the end of the year to proceed to England.

The following members of this Force were killed while on Active Service during the year :-

P.C. A 25 Herbert George Wakeford, K.R.R., killed on 17. 5.16.

A 52 Arthur Allchurch,

1. 7.16.

+

""

59

55

A 27 Ernest George Painting,

...

1. 7.16.

$7

""

""

29

A114 Peter Boyd Gardner,... ...R.F.C.,

4.12.16.

""

""

K 10

HEALTH.

29. Admissions to Hospital during the last three years were as follows:

1914.

1915.

1916.

Nationality. Average Admis- Average Admis-

Strength. sions.

Strength.

Average sions. Strength.

Admis- sions.

Europeaus,... Indians,.. Chinese,.

175

142

176

75

165

55

487

426

482

473

463

368

621

112

631

152

587

121

Return of Police treated in Government Civil Hospital for

Fever or Dengue Fever from the 1st January to the 31st Dec- ember, 1916:

Old Territories.

New Territories.

Nationality.

Strength.

Average Treated.

Average

Treated.

Strength.

Europeans,

Indians,

Chinese,

151

11

14

326

76

137

59

557

27

30

14

In addition to cases treated in Hospital for Fever or Dengue Fever the cases treated for Fever in the various stations in the New Territories without being removed to Hospital were:—

Europeans 15, Indians 98, Chinese 13.

30. The Assistant Superintendent at Tai Po, Mr. D. Burlingham, went on leave on 4th October and returned on 23rd November. Inspector N. Lamont performed duties in the New Territories during his absence.

SPECIAL POLICE RESERve.

31. Including men on leave (about 60) the strength of the Police Reserve is 642 of all ranks, made up as follows:--

Staff,

No. 1 Company,

No. 2 Company,

4

24 ...149

..212

...

...

74

64

42

...

22

10

23

22

...

642

No. 3 Company, No. 4 Company, Ambulance Platoon, Mounted Police, Maxim Gunners, ... Band & Orchestra, Buglers & Drummers,

K 11

The year under notice has seen many innovations and improve- ments. A Headquarters Club in Prince's Buildings was opened in August 1916. A magazine, called the "Police Reserve Gazette” made its appearance in December, 1916. A section of Buglers and Drummers has been formed out of the Chinese Command. A Police School was formed and has been continuously working since November in which Mr. T. H. King, A.S.P., acts as Examiner, and Chief Inspector Kerr, and Inspectors Gordon, Gerrard, P. O'Sul- livan, and Grant, all of the Regular Force, have acted as Lecturers. The Mounted Police have made great progress, proving of value in regulating traffic.

In addition to the Deputy Superintendent, Mr. F. C. Jenkin, three new Superintendents have been appointed. Mr. J. W. Franks, as A. S. P. (R.), has taken over and put the Discipline Department on an efficient basis. Mr. T. F. Hough, A. S. P. (R.), as officer-in- charge of the Mounted Police, has brought this detachment to its present efficient state. Dr. Jordan, Surgeon Superintendent of Police (R.), examines daily any of the 600 men of the Force who seek exemption on medical grounds.

Good work was voluntarily performed during the recent Small-pox epidemic by Surgeon Inspector Thomas and the members of the Ambulance Platoon.

A Musketry Course has been fired by all ranks. The Musketry Department, of which Chief Inspector Chinchen is in charge, has been strengthened by the aquisition of Musketry Sergeant Fisher.

Mr. Balean of the Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Corpor- ation has given his services as Sergeant-Accountant.

The Police Reserve perform both land and harbour patrols. Every evening sixty men report for duty at the Land and Water Police Stations. Arrangements have also been made and tested for a large proportion of the force to assemble at certain places, within a very short space of time and fully prepared for any

emergency.

The general and all round efficiency of this Volunteer police Force is due to the personal energy and tact of Mr. Jenkin, the Deputy Superintendent, ably seconded by the other Superintendents and Inspectors. Thanks is also due to the Chinese General Com- mittee for their advice and aid in providing funds for uniform and equipment of those portions of the Reserve which are composed of British Subjects of Chinese Race.

REGISTRATION OF PERSONS ORDINANCE, 1916.

32. On 23rd June notice was issued calling upon all persons not exempted who remain in the Colony for more than one week to

M

K 12

register themselves at this office; in the case of residents in the Colony before July 23rd and in the case of new arrivals, within one week of arrival.

16th March, 1917.

C. McI. MESSER, Captain Superintendent of Police.

M

K 13

ANNEXE A.

Report on the Water Police.

The strength of the Water Police Fleet stands at 4 large cruising launches, 4 harbour launches, and 2 fast motor boats for harbour use.

Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 cruising launches have all undergone their annual repairs for the year, and are in excellent condition with the exception of No. 3, which launch is showing signs of wear and tear, notwithstanding the expensive overhauls she gets yearly.

Nos. 5 and 7 have had a good overhaul and are now in good running order.

Nos. 6 and 8 have a lot of trouble with their engines which are 22 years old and are getting very shaky.

The Motor Boats 9 and 10 have had their engines cleaned and with the exception of a day off every two monthis to clean up, these boats have run continuously during the year. They are now running splendidly. During the year Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 carried out practice at a mark with rifle and maxim gun.

Signalling by day and night was carried out between the launches and land stations.

Some of the Special Police Reserve assist in carrying out the duties of the Water Police taking the place of the men who are serving at the Front. They are keen and efficient officers on duty and are a credit to themselves and the force generally.

C. W. BECKWITH, Commander, R.N.,

Assistant Supt., Water Police.

- K 14

ANNEXE B.

Report on the Police School.

Staff-The staff consists of one European Master and three Indian Assistant Masters. There have been no changes during the year.

Attendance. School has been held 87 times during the year, the average attendance being :-

European Police Constables.... Indian Police Constables,

Gaol Staff,

***

...

Average Daily Attendance.

1

...

11

...

...

...

...

16

28

During the month of August the attendance of the Indian Police Constables and Gaol Staff was very small, owing to the Mohammedan Fast being held during that month.

Studies.-There have been no changes in the syllabus of work as laid down in Police Regulations. An effort has been made to raise the standard of Colloquial English in the Examinations for Certificates of Education. More time is now given to conversation lessons with beneficial results.

Certificates. During the year the following certificates of exemption have been obtained:-

European Police Constables,... Indian Police Constables,

Gaol Staff,

...

...

...

...

6

...

***

19

6

31

7th February, 1917.

E. J. EDWARDS,

Master-in-charge.

1915.

Europeans and Americans,

Indians,

Chinese,

Total,

1916.

Robbery with

Violence and Assault with

intent to rob.

K 15

Table I.

RETURN OF SERIOUS AND MINOR OFFENCES REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN COMMITTED DURING THE YEARS 1915 AND 1916.

Serious Offences.

Burglaries.

Larcenies and Larcenies in Dwelling

Houses.

Other

Felonies.

Women

and Girls

Protection

Ordinance.

Unlawful

Possession.

Kidnapping.

Assaults and Disorderly

Conduct.

Gambling.

Minor Offences.

Drunkenness.

Nuisances.

Miscellaneous

Offences.

Total of

all cases.

18

75 29

75 29

18

...

:

:

:.

LO

31 2 1

I

:.

...

:

:

:

14

10

7

r-

8 7 3

1

55

67 12

5 2,374

67 12

5 2,393

887190 241 110 84 49

900199|250 |117 88 50

:

1

...

31

27 281

234

65

31

28 281 234

65

:

:

...

288 28

1

27

4

...

...

:

28

25

7 5 7 421 536 160 370 2,129 185 12

7

LO

5

7 474 591165

22

12

370 2,129185| 60 | 60

:

26

2235

26

2 2 2

:

1

1

36

38 13

97

4

3

1

24

28 3

97

D

1,063 1,063

4,305 4,699 456 9,266

1,068 1,066

2

4,865 4,765 | 472

9,460

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Cases.

Convicted.

Discharged.

Europeans and Americans,

Indians,

Chinese,

2

1 1

22

25

:

:

...

#65 31 15122 34

2202

:

:

:

:

...

:

:

2

1

1 2 1

1

:

...

11 2,698 1,003 257 †233 89

80 47

36

15 337 303

:

2

14

:

225

:

:

.:.

13

13

1

:

1

28

21

7

-J

66

20 1 2

9

CO

2 7

7

1

1

19

10 9

47

70] 11

9

436617 2436 617 41 |373| 1,827|248| 15 15

1,248 1,248

5,621| 5,966|428

11,206

Total,

65 31 15 122 31

11

|2,700

1,004258|237| 91 82 47

36

15 337

303

701 11

2 | 472662|| 42|375 1,836|250| 35

35

1,250 |1,249

1

5,668 5,997 444| 11,319

* 1 Robbery case with one prisoner (Chinese) undecided.

+

case with one prisoner undecided.

Under

one

month.

1 month and under

1 year.

VICTORIA.

KOWLOON.

K 16

Table II.

DUMPED BODIES, 1916.

HARBOUR.

1 year and under

5 years 15 years and

Under

and

one

under

1 month and under

5

1 year and under

years

and

under

5 years.

over.

month,

15 years.

1 year.

5 years.

15 years and over.

Under one

1 month and under

month.

15 years.

1 year.

1 year and under 5-years.

5 years

and

15 years and

under

over.

15 years,

ELSEWHERE.

Under

one month.

1 month and

under

1 year.

1 year and under 5 years.

5 years 15 years and under

and

over.

15 years.

sex

sex

sex

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

unk.

Junk.

lunk.

m.

f.

sex

m.

f.

sex

sex

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

unk.

unk.

unk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

sex junk.

sex

m. f.

unk.

m.

f.

sex unk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

m.

f.

sex junk.

m. f.

sex

sex

unk.

m.

f.

unk.

m.

f.

m.

f.

9

3

3

10

12

68 79

15

...

9 38

شر

13 8 3 18

15

41 46 1 9

8

17

3 2

6

8 1 21 18

6 4

28

4

4

2

4 2

1

8 9

1

4 1

:

Year.

Victoria.

Kowloon. Harbour. Elsewhere,

Total.

Males.

Females. Unknown. Children. Adults.

1912,

194

171

77

95

537

294

239

4

413

124

1913,

103

198

52

1914,

154

271

66

1915,

75

174

56

1916,

250

183

101

36

0989

49

402

221

170

11

318

84

60

551

331

212

8

408

143

29

334

184

139

11

274

60

570

321

239

10

470

100

Total.

570

K 17

Table III.

Return showing the Establishment and Casualties in the Force during the year 1916:-

Nationality.

Establishment

of the Force.

Enlistments.

Deaths.

Resignations

through

sickness.

Resignations through expiry of] terms of service |

or otherwise.

Dismissals or Desertions.

Total number

of Casualties.

Europeans,

165

Indians,

463

Chinese,

587 99

1983

15

-10 10

4

5

11

19

128

9

34

65

91

Total,... 1,215 114

12

11

34

77

134

*These 4 men died on Active Service.

This number includes the Police paid by other Departments, also the Engineers, Coxswains, Stokers, etc., but it is exclusive of :-

1 Captain Superintendent.

1 Deputy Superintendent.

1 Assistant Superintendent.

1 Assistant Superintendent, New Territories.

1 Probationer (Temporarily seconded to Indian Govern-

ment since 27th January, 1916).

1 Accountant.

1 Clerk and Hindustani Interpreter.

6 Clerks.

6 Telephone Clerks.

96 Messengers and Coolies.

8 Indians and 14 Chinese who are employed by Private

Firms.

Strength on the 31st December, 1916.

Europeans. Indians. Chinese.

Total,

Present,

120

396

553

1,069

Absent on leave,

37

35

31

Vacancies,

8

32

106

40

Total Establishment,

165

463

587

1,215

K 18

لا

Table IV.

Table showing the Total Strength, Expenditure, and Revenue of the Police and Fire Brigade Departments for the years 1907 to 1916.-

Total Strength.

Expenditure.

Revenue Collected

Year.

by the

Police

Fire

Police

Fire

Police

Force. Brigade.

Force.

Brigade.

Force.

$

$

$

1907......

1,048

96

-522,406

46,250 138,417

1908......

1,046

96

556,607

31,172 124,288

1909......

1,054

97

564,835

72,227 125,958

1910......

1,042

103

583,847

41,548 161,420

1911....

1,102

103

586,985

32,421 162,026

1912......

1,196

105

591,076

41,263 172,397

1913......

1,247

105

756,663

35,319 185,250

1914......

1,304

106

789,100

35,913 193,915

1915......

1,289

106

765,911 34,922

185,589

1916......

1,215

106

703,743 36,574

192,796

NOTE. No revenue is collected by the Fire Brigade.

K 19

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT

OF THE FIRE BRIGADE.

There were 29 Fires and 56 Incipient Fires during the year against 20 and 29 in 1915. Details are given in Table I.

The estimated damage caused by Fires was $229,425 and by Incipient Fires $1,817.80 as against $393,668 and $1,391 in 1915. The Fire Brigade turned out 39 times during the year (17 in 1915).

2. There was constant supply of water in the Fire Mains throughout the year.

3. Four fires occurred in the Harbour and one off Castle Peak during the year.

4. There were no prosecutions for arson during the year.

5. There are 24 Despatch Boxes kept in different places in Victoria and 12 in Kowloon, 8 different telephones to which the Police can have access to communicate with the Central Station in the event of a fire, and 12 Street Fire Alarms.

6. I enclose copy of a report by the Engineer on the state of the Fire Engines (Annexe A).

7. The conduct of the Brigade has been good.

C. McI. MESSER,

Superintendent of Fire Brigade.

M

19th February, 1917.

ANNEXE A.

HONGKONG, 15th February, 1917.

Sir, I have the honour to present the Annual Report on the condition of the Fire Brigade Machinery and Equipment for the year ending 31st December, 1916.

No. 1 Fire Float.

This Float has been on regular duty for 7 years. The Hull, Machinery and Boilers were thoroughly overhauled during the month of December, tested for efficiency under full steam pressure (140 lbs.), and found to be in thorough good working order. The Machinery and Boilers have also been tested during the year at monthly drills.

K 20

No. 2 Fire Float.

The Boiler of this Float was damaged on the 9th May caused. by shortage of water which necessitated the renewal of all the water tubes. In September the Boiler was repaired by fitting 252 new Brass Solid Drawn Tubes 14" diameter. The Hull and Machinery were also repaired and has been regularly tested at drills for drivers and is now in good working order.

Motor Fire Engine.

This Engine arrived early in the year and was put into com- mission in March. Slight trouble was experienced with the clutch gear in the early trials but after adjustment it has run without a hitch. Only on three occasions has it been found necessary to use the pump, as water has always been available from the mains. The great advantage of this Engine is that it gets quickly to the fire with men and equipment and the pump is ready for action if required.

Motor Fire Tender.

This Motor has been in service for 5 years, has been kept in good order and overhauled as found necessary. It is tested for efficiency and for training of drivers as required and is in good working order.

Land Steamers Nos. 2, 4 and 5 (Central Station). No. 3 Land Steamer (Yaumati Station).

These Engines have all been kept in good repair during the year and tested at monthly drills for firemen and drivers.

All manual pumps and gear, hose reels, extension ladders, supply carts, etc., are in good order and condition.

Fire Alarms (12 Points).

The Fire Alarms are in good order but are rarely used. The exchange telephones have been found more serviceable and if this system could be improved the Alarms might be removed altogether.

The Hon. Mr. C. McI. MESSER,

Superintendent, Fire Brigade.

D. MACDONALD, Engineer, Fire Brigade.

K 21

ANNEXE B.

STRENGTH OF THE FIRE BRIGADE.

...

Superintendent,

Deputy Superintendent,

Assistant Superintendents,

Engineer,

...

...

...

...

Assistant Engineer and Station Officer, Clerk....

Engineer Drivers,

...

Assistant Engineer Drivers,

Europeans. Chinese.

...

...

*

1

1

2

1

1

10 00

1

2

Fitter,

Blacksmith,

Carpenter,...

Sailmaker,

...

...

...

...

...

...

1

1

1

5

...

...

2

1

...

3

...

...

22

28

1

3

Stokers,

...

Overseers of Water Works, Inspector of Dangerous Goods,

Assistant to

Foremen,

Do.,

Firemen,

Interpreters,

...

...

Floating. Engines.

Foremen and Engine Drivers,...

Chief Engineer, Engine Drivers, Coxswains, Stokers, Seamen,

...

...

...

...

...

...

+

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2

12230 TH

Total, 1916,...

50

56

Total, 1915,...

50

56

Table I.

Fires during the year 1916.

No. of Buildings Destroyed.

No.

Date.

Time.

Situation of Fire.

Damage.

Cause.

Remarks.

Wholly.

Partly.

12 10

1 Jan. 17th 12.12 pm. 22nd 2.12 a.m.

House No. 2, Elgin Street.

Houses Nos. 11 and 13, Whitfield.

24th

""

9.35 p.m.

30th

"

Feb. 2nd

Į

4th

ilouse No 31, Bowrington Road,.

*1

8

"

4th 12.30 p.m.

16th

9.00 a.m.

1.15 a.m.

9.42 p.m.

Messrs. Alfred Holt & Co's. Godown, Tsim-sha-tsui,

(On board S.S. "Hai Mun" lying alongside Į Douglas' Wharf,

( On board a 60-ton lighter lying alongside the Kowloon Wharf, Kowloon,

6,070

40,000

Unknown.

:

Spontaneous Combustion.

Spontaneous Combustion.

Caused by a cigarette end or match being carelessly dropped on the

stores.

Unknown.

.....

3,500

Jpsetting of a lamp.

Unnumbered matsheds, Kat Hing Street, Tai O,

matsheds.

1,300

11.40 a.m.

House No. 50, Whitfield,

9 Mar. 10th

12.30 a.m.

House No. 34, Gage Street,

4,920

10

22nd

"

8.15 p.m.

House No. 97A, Wellington Street,..

:

11

12

=23

21st

7.00 a.m.

Unnumbered house, Ma Ku Lam Village. Sai

1

Kung District,

{

29th

13 Apr. 3rd

14 24tb

6.00 p.m.

Houses Nos. 9 and 8, Nga Tsim Wai.

2

15 May 9th

16 June 5th

5.30 a.m. 1.24 a.m. House No. 337, Queen's Road Central,

3.30 p.m.

9.25 p.m.

Town, near the Pacific Mail Godown,. House No. 90, Wing Lok Street,

Cow house, Shek Kui Tau, Shataukok,

1

:: :

150

300

80.

800

:

1,200 | {

Throwing crackers in the air.

Unknown.

Do,

The igniting of a quantity of fat in the first floor cookhouse.

Unknown.

Do.

Suspected Arson.

Fire originated on the top floor cook. house through some firewood ac- cidentally catching fire.

Unknown.

9,000

სი.

— K 22 -

1

No.

Date.

Time.

Situation of Fire.

Table I-Continued.

Fires during the year 1916.

No. of Buildings Destroyed.

Damage.

Cause.

Remarks.

Wholly.

l'artly.

17 June 27th

9.30 p.m.

Matshed near the Hau Wong Temple, Kow- Į loon City,

1

House No. 159, Des Voeux Road Central,

18 July 25th | 12.30 a.m.

19 | Aug. 13th 1.25 a.m.

20 Sept. 15th 10.50 p.m.\{

21

5.30 p.m.

12.18 a.m.

House No. 156. Canton Road,

The Theatre of the Royal Naval Canteen, Praya East,

House No. 71, Queen's Road West,

"American

11

at anchor off }

House No. 35, Sai Kung Market,

22nd

1.32 a.m.

""

On board S.S.

22

25th

"3

9.00 p.m.

Castle Peak,

23

30th

>>

24 Oct. 23rd

25 Nov. 2nd

26

8,30a.m.

10th 10.00 a.m,

House No. 2, Man Ming Lane,

On board S.S. "Falavon" lying alongside the Kowloon Docks,

Matsheds Nos. 7, 1, 4, 5, 6, and 8, Telegraph Bay,

*9

27

28 Dec. 3rd

29

"J

10.30 a.m.

3rd 10.00 p.m.

28th | 10.20 a.m.

House No. 127, Third Strect.....................................

Houses Nos. 24 and 26, Sai Street,

House No. 19, Arthur Street,..

:

10

1

1,000

70

1

200

1.

:.

:

:

...

7,500

100,000

75

150

350

.200

51,000

1,550

Suspected Arson.

Overheating of tobacco leaves which were being dried on the third floor. This floor was used as a dry- ing room.

Overheating of the furnace chimney. Through the electric fuse igniting the flooring along the electric channel.

Overheating of drying stove. Unknown.

Dried grass near the fireplace catch- ing fire.

Unknown.

Do.

A heap of grass catching fire from the cooking stove.

A match being accidentally thrown amongst some rags under the bed. Unknown.

A lighted cigar end or match care- lessly thrown down,

1

1

:

6

1

1

- K 23 -

Appendix L.

REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISON FOR THE YEAR 1916.

1. The number of prisoners received into prison during the year and the corresponding number for the year 1915 were as follows:

Convicted by Ordinary Courts,

1916.

1915.

.3,248

2,993

Convicted by Court Martial,

7

6

Supreme Court for China and Korea,

7

High Court, Weihaiwei,

3

Debtors,

54

58

On remand or in default of finding

surety,

857

1,112

Total,....

.4,169

4,179

There was a decrease of 10 on the total number of admissions as compared with the year 1915. There was an increase of prisoners convicted for larceny during the year under review, the number being 916 against 707 for the previous year.

2. The number of Revenue Grade prisoners admitted to prison was 1,894 made up as follows :—

Convicted under the Opium Ordinance,

208

21

Opium Divan Ordinance, Gambling Ordinance,

73

165

Market

124

Arms

29

11

Vehicles

40

93

""

Police

1

31

"

12

Sanitary By-laws,

2

Harbour Regulations,

19

Post Office Ordinance,

Stowaway

Servants' Quarters Ordinance, Marine Hawkers' Ordinance,

Dangerous Goods

Pharmacy

Buildings

25

Conservancy

"

4

6

22

""

""

Lodging House

Pawn Brokers

Convicted for committing nuisance in street,

33

unlawful boarding on steamer, discharging fireworks,

Curried forward,

2

3

692

L 2

Brought forward,

Convicted for wasting water,

>>

""

51

""

>>

""

hawking without a licence, cruelty to animals,

keeping house for prostitution,

removing sand, stone, and earth

without permission,

depositing rubbish in the public

street,

illegal pawning,

perjury,

travelling on river steamers without

paying legal fares,. drunkenness, trespassing,

disorderly conduct, assault, obstruction,

692

441

18

3

cutting trees,

fighting,..

mendicancy,

malicious damage,

-P¬NOV±8 – w

80

50

62

25

6

61

6

53

demanding more than legal vehicle

fare,

3

2

""

23

3

43

"

"

33

"

attempting to pass Canton Road,

under the Truck Ordinance,

for unlawfully printing and publishing

lottery tickets.

unlawful possession of lottery tickets, carrying pigwash without covers,

riding bicycles in a furious manner, · riding bicycle without a light, converting money into own use, unlawful possession,.

>>

stealing,

possession of implement fit for un-

lawful purpose,

possession of a dagger without

licence,

under the Counterfeit Coin Ordinance,.

for harbouring married women,

offering bribe,

receiving bribe,

possession of wild birds without

licence,

31

possession of unwholesome pork,

25

seditious publication,

1

35

unlawful permitting a woman suffer-

1

ing contagious disease in brothel, failing to pay motor car hire, obstructing persons from being em-

ployed,

Carried forward,

1

1,819

1

1

140

48

ات

2

1

L 3

Brought forward,

Convicted for failing to license a boat,

ود

15

failing to report a case of small-pox, soliciting person,

carrying chair without licence, felonious intent,

"

"

55

""

""

1,819

obtaining by false pretences,

unlawful receiving,

using false scale,

using threatening language,

being a member of unlawful society, being a rogue and vagabond, impersonating.

wounding,

unlawful bathing near the public

road,

1

1

6

1

11101 N

3

6

""

indecently exposing himself in the

public street.

1

29

unlawfully smoking in the Police

Court,

1

""

71

removing deal body without per-

mission,

being absent without leave,

4

1

""

""

importing goods without permission, exporting goods without permission,

12

14

Total....

1,894

3. The above figures show that 15 per cent of the total admis- sions to prison were for Revenue Grade prisoners,

The following table shows the number of prisoners committed to prison without the option of fine and in default of pay ment of fine:-

In default payment of fine.

Year.

Without option of Served the

Total.

Paid full

fine.

imprison-

Paid part

fiue.

fine.

ment.

1915

1,420

1,146

230

213

3.009

1916

1,396

1318

304

240

3,258

during the year.

?

In 60 cases Of these 23 were sentenced to be

4. 140 Juveniles were admitted corporal punishment was awarded. whipped forthwith and discharged, and the remaining 37, in addi- tion to whipping, received sentences varying from 24 hours detention to 12 months hard labour.

5. The percentage of convicted prisoners admitted to prison with previous convictions recorded against them was 13'2 as com- pared with 115 for 1915.

L 4

6. There were 83 prisoners admitted who were convicted by the Police Court in the New Territories against 92 for the previous year (113 in 1914).

7. The following table shows the number of convicts in custody on the 31st December for the past ten years, and the percentage of the total number of prisoners in custody to the estimated population of Hongkong:--

Percentage

Year.

Estimated Number of population. convicts.

Percentage

of

Daily average

to

number of

population.

prisoners.

population.

1907

414,415

146

*035

502

121

1908

420,741

130

*038

465

•110

1909

428,858

180

*042

560

·130

1910

435,986

208

*048

547

125

1911

464,277

241

*052

595

•128

1912

467,777

222

*047

701

·149

1913

489,114

253

*052

702

·144

1914

501,304

216

*044

600

•120

1915

516,870

213

-041

594

115

1916

528,010

203

*038

638

•121

8. There were 857 punishments awarded for breach of prison discipline, being an average of 1·34 per prisoner as compared with 837 with an average of 141 for the preceding year. Corporal punishment was inflicted in 6 cases for prison offences during the

year.

9. 115 prisoners were whipped by order of the Courts.

10. There was no escape or attempt to escape.

11. There were 9 deaths (7 natural causes, 2 executions).

12. Constant attention is given to the instruction of long-sentence prisoners of good conduct, who are employed at industrial labour.

13. 7,784,396 forms were printed and issued to the various Government Departments and 35,220 books bound and repaired.

14. The buildings are in good repair.

15. The conduct of both the European and Indian Staff has been very good.

16. The appliances for use in case of fire are in good condition, and the water supply adequate.

17. The rules laid down for the government of the prison have been complied with.

18. I append the usual returns.

14th March, 19 17.

C. McI. MESSER,

Superintendent.

Table I.

Return showing the Expenditure and Income for the year 1916.

EXPENDITURE,

Pay and allowances of officers including Uni- form, etc.,..

Victualling of prisoners,

Fuel, Light, Soap, and Dry Earth,

Clothing of Frisoners, Bedding, and Furniture,

ር.

3

INCOME.

J

68,209

08

Earning of prisoners,.

75,249

47

Debtors' subsistence,

16,914 87

Wei-Hai-Wei prisoners' subsistence,.

452 00

396

00

i

58 80

9,777 85

Canton

do.,

10,673 51

Shanghai

do.,

Naval

do.,

Military

do.,

Yunnanfu

do.,

Subsistence of prisoners sentenced by Marine Magistrate,

Waste Food sold,

Paid out of Colonial Revenue for prisoners' maintenance,.

Total,.

384 30

4

20

148

50

42

30

236

70

87 30

42,596

28 N

$112,615

70

L 5

Total,......

1915,

$112,615 70

$109,369 95

Av

Average

annual cost per prisoner $66.77, in 1915 $73.78, and in 1911 $62.58.

L 6

Table II.

Return showing Expenditure and Income for the past 10 years.

Actual cost

Average

Year.

Expenditure.

Income.

of prisoners' maintenance.

cost per

prisoner.

$

C.

C.

C.

1907

89,711.39

40,079.90

49,631.49

$ c. 98.86

1908

95,537.85

48,066.33

47,471,52

102.09

1909

93,926.80

46,421,13

51,505,67 | 91.97

1910

96,302.19

52,104.75

́44,197.44

80.80

1911

93,458.23

53,889.26

39,568.97

66.50

1912

97,577.82

62.348.80

35,229.02

50.25

1913

106,275,20

61,298.50

44,976.70 64.07

1914

108,143.24

70,597.22

37,546.02

62.58

1915

109,369.95

65,544.33

43,825.62

73.78

1916

112,615.70

90,019.18

42,596.52 66.77

Table III.

Return showing value of Industrial Labour for the year 1916.

I

2

Value of

stock on

Value of

Nature of Industry.

hand

materials

Total Dr.

January 1st purchased. 1916.

$

$

6

Value of

articles

Value of

articles

manufactur-

Value of

Stock on

done for

manufactur- ed or work

done for

payment.

Gaol or other 31st, 1916. Departments.

ed or work

hand

Total Cr.

December

8

Value of

earnings.

(Difference between

columns

3 and 7.)

C.

C.

C.

C.

c.

C.

$

c.

C.

Oakum,

Coir,....

Net-making,

Tailoring,

Rattan,

431.20

431.20

196.00

28.00

43.20

1,493.47

50.06

2,553.77

1,689.47

210.00

3,806.97

431.20

641.20

238.24

647.80

4.693.01

210.00

3,003.54

78.06

172.00

31.24

203.24

125.18

2,596.97

363.55

3,191.80

68.10

3,623.45

1,026.48

21.00

21.00

16.35

17.95

34.30

13.30

Tin-smithing,

1,802.69

1,802.69

88.25

1,298.80

1,566.80

2,953.85

1,151.16

Carpentering,

82.40

684.86

767.26

333.75

987.10

49.40

1,370.25

602.99

Grass-matting,

26.00

26.00

58.50

15.56

74.06

48.06

Shoe-making,

41.20

2,138.44

2,179.64

655.20

1,808.36

36.25

2,499.81

320.17

Laundry,....

1,285.15

1,285.15

7,923.84

7,923.84

6,638.69

Printing and Bookbinding,

Photography,

17,143.99 33,613.20 294.30

50,757.19

303.30

|

85,186.72 20,298.40 105,783.42

55,026,23

294.30

1.24

336.34

337.58

43.28

Total,....

$ 17,965.99

43,962.94

61,928.93

5,950.61 101,047.65 23,139.75 130,138.01 68,209.08

Paid into Bank during 1916, which sum includes $175.05 for work executed in 1915, $4,059.97. Value of work executed during 1916 for which payment was deferred to 1917, $60.69.

1

L 7

Appendix M.

MEDICAL AND SANITARY REPORTS FOR THE YEAR 1916.

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

ANNEXE A.-Report of the Head of the Sanitary Department,...

Page.

3

ANNEXE B.-Joint Report of the Principal Civil Medical Officer

and the Medical Officer of Health, ...

ANNEXE C.-Report of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon,

26

ANNEXE D.-Report of the Superintendent, Civil Hospital,

31

ANNEXE E-Report of the Medical Officer in charge of the

Victoria Hospital for Women and Children, 44

ANNEXE F-Report on the Lunatic Asylum, ...

45

ANNEXE G.-Report of the Medical Officer in charge of the

Infectious Diseases Hospitals, ...

47

ANNEXE H.-Report of the Medical Officer to Victoria Gaol,... 49

ANNEXE I-Report of the Medical Officer for Kowloon and the

New Territories,

ANNEXE J.-Number of Confinements attended by Government

Midwives in 1916,

ANNEXE K.-Report of the Visiting Medical Officer to the

Tung Wa Hospital,

ANNEXE L.-Report on the Alice Memorial and Affiliated

Hospitals,

53

57

58

70

ANNEXE M.-Report of the Government Bacteriologist,

71

ANNEXE N.--Report on the Public Mortuary, Victoria,

77

ANNEXE O.-Report on the Public Mortuary, Kowloon,...

81

ANNEXE P.--Report of the Government Analyst,

84

ANNEXE Q.--Report of the Health Officer of the Port,

M 3

year:

Annexe A.

REPORT OF THE HEAD OF THE SANITARY

DEPARTMENT.

The following were members of the Sanitary Board during the

President, the Head of the Sanitary Department, Mr. D. W.

Tratman (acting).

Vice-President, the Director of Public Works, the Honour-

able Mr. W. Chatham, c.M.G.

The Secretary for Chinese Affairs, the Honourable Mr.

E. R. Hallifax.

The Medical Officer of Health, Dr. W. W. Pearse for whom

Dr. W. J. Woodman acted from 2nd July.

Lieut.-Colonel G. B. Crisp, D.D.M.S., China Command. Mr. F. B. L. Bowley.

Dr. G. H. L. Fitzwilliams, who resigned in January.

Mr. Ng Hon-tsz.

Mr. Chan Kai-ming.

Mr. P. W. Goldring.

Dr. F. M. G. Ozorio, who was elected a member on the 20th

February.

STAFF.

The vacant Inspectorships mentioned in last year's report were left unfilled during 1916, the staff being kept at full strength by a reduction in the leave-programme.

One Inspector was granted long leave and one three months vacation leave.

LEGISLATION.

No new By-laws were made during the year.

The inter-departmental working agreement between the Sanitary Department and the Building Authority was revised with a view to removing certain difficulties experienced in their joint administration of the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance.

CEMETERIES AND CREMATORIA.

No new cemeteries were appointed but arrangements were made for the extension of the Tung Wa Hospital Cemetery at Kai Lung Wan by including portions of certain old farm lots to the northward. The extension should provide space for another five

M 4

years' burials: but it would seem advisable to make provision in 1919 for an extensive exhumation of the older parts of this cemetery and for laying out the ground so cleared in terraces on the plan of the Government Cemeteries. The haphazard methods employed in the past have caused considerable waste of ground.

The exhumation of the old cemetery at Mount Davis (Mo Sing Leng) was completed, 1,658 sets of bones being removed to the urning ground on Aplichau.

On the east side of Happy Valley near the foot of Broadwood Road portions of a very old Chinese burial ground were exhumed to make room for new buildings-338 sets of bones being removed to the urning ground at So Kon Po.

There were 37 cremations, 26 at the Japanese Crematorium So Kon Po and 11 at the Sikh Temple.

DISEASES.

The incidence of plague was extremely light, only 39 cases having been reported. Of these, 11 were imported. There was again a slight increase in the number of cases of enteric fever, 220 cases having been reported as against 198 in 1915 and 140 in 1914. An epidemic of small-pox began in January, it subsided during the hot weather, but recommenced in the winter and reached its height at the end of the year. The Vaccination Campaign which proved most successful was organised to combat it.

There was again a slight increase in the deaths from malaria as compared with the last two years but this was probably due to the large number of refugees who came into the Colony. The same cause will account for the considerable increase in deaths from respiratory and tuberculous diseases during the year.

A suspected case of rabies was reported from the New Territories but the animal (a dog) was destroyed and the diagnosis therefore lacks confirmation. The person bitten received the Pasteur treat- ment at Saigon and remained healthy.

POPULATION.

The last Census was taken in 1911. For the purpose of the Tables in the report of the Medical Officer of Health the population is estimated by the usual methods to the middle of the year; but the population has been so much disturbed by frequent immigra- tions of Chinese refugees that too much reliance should not be placed on these figures. It is estimated that there were 120,000 such refugees in the Colony at one period in 1916 and this is a factor of the greatest importance in considering the apparent rise in the Chinese death rate of 46 per 1,000. It is also the chief reason for the decrease in the number of nuisance-notices served, since with this heavy extra pressure on the already inadequate housing of the Colony, some temporary relaxation of the law with regard to

cubicles was unavoidable.

1

M 5

HOUSE CLEANSING.

The increase in Staff and other measures reported last year proved insufficient to maintain the quarterly circuit in the face of the continued building activities.

In the Eastern division of Hongkong (including Shaukiwan) just under 3 circuits were completed, in the Central division the same, in the Western Central division about 3 circuits, in the Western division about 3, and in Kowloon 33 circuits.

The totals of floors cleansed were 86,229 in Hongkong and 32,068 in Kowloon.

LIMEWASHING.

The annual limewashing of Chinese tenement houses still consumes a vast amount of time and paper with very indifferent results. The new By-law mentioned in last year's Report has enabled us to remedy specially flagrant cases of neglect, but it adds a fortnight to the prescribed period for each limewashing district and its application is attended by very considerable labour and as it must also be admitted that the change in the law has so far caused little or no improvement in the general standard of private limewashing, it would seem that the proper execution of this very important sanitary measure must be secured by other meaus, as in the case of the Scavenging Services.

As the complaint has frequently been made that the standard required by the Department is impossible of attainment in old, smoke-blackened floors, it will be well to record here that careful investigations during the year under review have shewn that, given honest work and materials, the standard can easily be reached at a cost of from $1.50 to $2.00 per floor.

MARKETS.

No new markets were opened during the year.

A comparative table of the market rents for the past four years will be found in the report of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon.

There is an increase of $1,800 over the total for 1916, probably due to the great influx of refugees from the neighbouring parts of China.

CONSERVANCY.

After a brief respite fresh political commotions in Kwong Tung again threw the affairs of both Conservancy Contractors into hope- less chaos. A total absence of all law and order in the Shun Tak district made transport to the depôts at Wong Lin impossible and the Contractors were therefore obliged to dump the nightsoil at sea. As the Contractors were entirely dependent on remittances from Wong Lin for payment of their local staff Government was obliged to give them financial assistance in maintaining the service in the Colony. From the 1st May it was agreed that the City Contractor

M 6

should receive $2,600 and the Kowloon Contractor $1,200 per mensem until conditions in China permitted them to resume their contract. Early in June the position improved and the City Con- tractor was able to carry on without assistance from the middle of the month. The payments to the Kowloon Contractor were continued till the end of that month. But in July fresh disturbances arose and the payments (reduced to $2,400 and $1,000 per mensem respectively) were re-started in August. It was moreover agreed that the Kowloon Contractor should be released from his contract at the end of September instead of at the end of the year and that the sum of $3,250 should be accepted by Government in full settlement of all claims. Similar terms were offered to the City Contractor, the sum required being $19,250: but the offer was rejected and pro- ceedings for the recovery of the full amount due (about $40,000) are now pending.

The highest tenders for the new contracts were $1,656 per mensem for the City and $556 for Kowloon both from the same firm-Messrs. Li Wing Kwong and Pang On. The new contracts contain provisions for dealing with two sources of past trouble, namely, for the assessment of compensation for loss of nightsoil due to the extension of the water carriage system and for the continuance. of the contracts in the event of the death of the titular contractors. The cash securities have also been increased to $10,000 for the City and $5,000 for Kowloon, the old system of sureties being abolished.

SCAVENGING.

The steady growth of new houses and streets made it necessary to increase the City Scavenging Gangs by a further five men.

Owing to the constant complaints against the combined Scaveng- ing and Conservancy Services for Shaukiwan and Quarry Bay, it was decided that the Scavenging of this district should be done departmentally under the supervision of the Police Officer of the district from the beginning of 1916, the Conservancy alone being let out to contract. The cost of the service for the year was $3,029 against which must be set an increase in the Conservancy fees of $874.

Since the publication of last year's Report there has been a brisk demand from various sources for manure and from September onwards practically the whole output of the Kennedy Town Depôts was taken up. A large quantity was shipped to Tai O and Castle Peak by the owner of certain fruit and olive gardens. A manure- depôt was also established at the rail-side near Sheung Shui Railway Station to serve the new Government plantations in the Fanling district. The total amount of manure taken by the Botanical and Forestry Department during the year was 780 cubic yards, an increase of about 50% over the yearly average prior to the inter- departmental arrangement.

The cost of scavenging the City of Victoria was $51,248.96 and of Kowloon $14,482.19.

Provision was again made for the purchase of certain carts from England, but owing to the war the purchase was again abandoned and the items were removed from the Estimates for 1917.

M 7

P

A comparative table of the cost of scavenging for the last three

years is appended:-

(a) City Scavenging,

1914. $46,386.80

1915.

1916.

$49,183 81

$51,248.96

(b) Kowloon Scavenging,

14,869.24 14,433.25

14,482.19

(c) Refuse Disposal,

19,379.42

20,020.70

22,666.57

Total,

$80,635.46 $83,637.76 $88,397.72

REFUSE DISPOSAL.

No change was made in the Refuse Disposal System.

The barges were delayed by typhoon signals on three occasions. The steam-barge S. D. 1 broke down five times and S. D. 3 once. The cost of repairs to the fleet was as follows :-

Steam Barge S. D. 1,

Steam Barge S. D. 3, Other Barges, Moorings,

$2,412.50

1,682.62

1,197.86

32.25

$5,325.23

Total,......

The first item includes $789 for hired towage while this vessel was under repair. The other steam barge is too low-powered to undertake any towing and the further increase in the cost of her repairs made it clear that it would be more economical to build a new steamer. A sum of $35,000 has been provided in the 1917 Estimates for this purpose.

The total cost of the service for the year was $22,666.57.

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

The total expenditure during 1916 was $351,950.66 as compared with $343,903.19 in 1915: the estimate for the year was $379,748.00. This expenditure includes $11,900.00 for the temporary Conservancy services detailed under the heading "Conservancy

Apart from these abnormal charges, therefore, the total expenditure was less. than in 1915.

Certain revenues are collected by this Department the bulk coming from market and slaughter-house fees and the rest chiefly from licence, registration, and cemetery fees.

The total revenue was $288,011.45 compared with $271,673.14 in 1915.

Other details of the working of the Department will be found in the reports of the Medical Officer of Health and the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon.

20th April, 1917.

D. W. TRATÈN, Head of the Sanitary Department.

M 8

Annexe B.

JOINT REPORT OF THE PRINCIPAL CIVIL MEDICAL

OFFICER AND THE MEDICAL OFFICER OF HEALTH.

AREA.

The Sanitary Board's control extends over the island of Hong- kong, which has an area of about 32 square miles, and to that portion of the mainland between the shore and the range of Kowloon Hills extending from the village of Tseung Kwan O in Junk Bay on the east, to the village of Kau Pa Kang on the west, with a seaboard of about 13 miles and an area of about 16 square miles.

This area includes "Old Kowloon", which has been British since 1861, and has an area of about 2 square miles, and a portion of the New Territories, leased to this Government in 1898.

The remainder of the New Territories-about 366 square miles-is outside the Board's jurisdiction.

The City of Victoria, situated on the northern side of the Island, has a frontage on the sea of nearly five miles and is separated from the Kowloon portion of the Colony by the Harbour.

The domestic buildings in Victoria number 10,200 (excluding barracks and police stations) of which 1,050 are non-Chinese; there are also 175 European dwellings in the Hill District. The number of houses completed during the year was as follows:-Victoria 184, Kowloon 91, Outlying Districts and Peak 39, making total of 314, as compared with 331 in 1915. There has been a considerable increase in the accommodation for Europeans in Kowloon in the form of flats.

In addition to the above, miscellaneous buildings such as offices, godowns, etc., were erected to the number of 26 (45 in 1915).

ADMINISTRATION.

The City of Victoria is divided into twelve, and Old Kowloon into three Health Districts, with an Inspector in charge of each. The Inspector in charge of No. 3 Health District has also charge of the sanitary work on the Peak.

There are also five Inspectors engaged in the supervision of scavenging and conservancy work including the upkeep of dust carts, boats, etc., used in this connection.

~

M 9

In the outlying districts the sanitary work is supervised by the Police Officer of the district, except in Shaukiwan which has been incorporated with No. 1 Health District although it lies beyond the limits of the city. The inspectors in Hongkong work under the supervision of the Medical Officer of Health and in Kowloon under that of the Assistant Medical Officer of Health.

GENERAL SANITARY CONDITIONS.

The activity in building operations which has been such a noticeable feature since 1912 has not abated and the demand for housing accommodation for the Chinese is still in excess of the supply.

The Colony has several times since 1911 been subjected to the influx of many thousand of Chinese seeking refuge from disturb- ances in their own country and of these not a few appear to remain after the majority have returned to China. It is estimated that at one time during the summer of 1916 there were at least 120,000 refugees in this colony: this must have increased the apparent death rate for the year.

In connection with anti-plague measures to keep rats as much as possible out of houses 124 ground surfaces have been cemented in Victoria and 46 in Kowloon (264 and 22 in 1915) whilst 261 buildings have had rat runs filled with cement in Victoria and 559 in Kowloon (565 and 799 respectively in 1915). During November, in consequence of a sudden increase in the number of plague infected rats found, rat poison was distributed in the ground floors of all Chinese houses with satisfactory results.

Permits for the use of two basements for the preparation of food, two for workshops, and one for use as a dwelling were issued.

Obstructions have been removed from backyards in 38 houses in Victoria and 7 in Kowloon (115 and 5 in 1915.)

7,110 notices were issued for the abatement of sanitary nui- sances in Victoria (11,442 in 1915) and 1,559 in Kowloon (1,240 in 1915); while 2,120 and 475 represent the number of notices for the prevention of nuisances, in contravention of the Buildings Ordinance, in Victoria and Kowloon (1,891.and 279 respectively in 1915).

Notices prohibiting the breeding of mosquitoes were served to the number of 136 in Victoria and 11 in Kowloon (164 and 17 in 1915).

Other sanitary improvements have been carried out by the Public Works Department during the year including additional nullah training to the extent of 6,670 feet, (5,399 in 1915), and scavenging lanes have been provided to the extent of 2,200 feet.

M 10

METEOROLOGICAL RETURNS.

The following table gives the meteorologic al data recorded by the Royal Observatory during the year :-

Month.

Barometer

at M.S.L.

TEMPERA-

TURE.

HUMI-

DITY.

Max. Mean,' Mín.

Rel.

Abs.

Cloudiness.

Sunshine.

WIND.

Rain.

Direction

Vel.

ins.

о

O

O

p.c.

ins,

p. c.

hours. ins. points. miles p.h.

January,

30.16 65.5 | 60.7 | 56.3

72

0.39

52

179.4 4.075 E by N

10.6

February

30.03 62.9 59.6 56.1

80

0.42

82

80.3 1.305

E

16.8

March,

30.08 63.4 60.2 57.3

79

0.42

95

49.5 .355

E

17.4

April,

May,

June,..

July,

29.96 | 75,3 | 70.6 | 67.1 29.87 82.9 78.1 | 74,5 29.70 83.479.6| 76.5 29.82 88.0 82.7 78.2

83

0.64

74

145.0 4.295 E by S

11.1

83 | 0.80

67

194.2 12,935 E by S

12.2

79

86 0.86 0.83

89

125.3 32.180 SE by E

15.1

48

277.1 8.295 SSE

7.2

August,

29.71 88.5 82.6 78.6

82

0.91 69

217.8 5.040: WSW

6.5

September,.

29.80 | 84.7 | 80,5 | 76,6

78

0.82

63

200.9 10.520 | E

15.5

October,

80.01 80.2 75,9 72.5

71

0.61 61

183.5 .730 ENE

12.9

November,

30.1073.5 67.8 62.4

63

December,

30.11 67.9 62,8 | 57.9

60

0.45 34 0.35 45

231.8 .075 209.0 .050

NE

10.7

ENE

10.9

29.94 76.3 71.8 | 67.8 76.4|0.63 | 64.9 [2095.8 79.855 E

12.2

Mean or

Total,...

The rainfall for the year (79.855 inches) was slightly more than in 1915 (76.025 inches) and is rather above the average of the last decade, but it was unevenly distributed; less than one inch fell in the last three months of the year.

POPULATION.

The distribution of population estimated to the middle of 1916 was as follows:-

Non-Chinese Civil Population, ...

13,390

Chinese Civil Population :-

City of Victoria (including Peak),

270,300

Village of Hongkong,...

15,250

Kowloon (including New Kowloon),

76,000

New Territories (land),

96,500

Population afloat,

57,570

Total Chinese Population,..

515,620

Total Civil Population,

529,010

The civil population consists chiefly of male adults but owing to the disturbances in China during the last few years, which resulted in the immigration of refugees and their families, the proportion of females to males appears to be increasing.

1

:

M 11

The boat population numbered 57,570 and the registered boats. belonging to the port and villages of Hongkong are as follows:--

Passenger boats,

Cargo boats,

Steam launches,

Lighters,

Harbour boats,

Fishing boats,

Trading junks,

Total,

This gives an average of 42 persons per boat.

1,142

1,512

356

185

6,039

1,734

2.594

13,562

The licensed boats in the New Territories numbered 7,028.

There is a large passenger traffic between Hongkong and the mainland of China; the number travelling by the river steamers being as follows:-

Arrivals 1,226,798;

Departures 1,189,992

Departures 307,310

whilst the figures for the Kowloon-Canton Railway are:-

Arrivals 344,220;

The effect on the number of the residents caused by this traffic is not known because there are other ways of entering and leaving the Colony of which there are no statistics.

The following Table shows the number of Chinese houses and floors and the inmates per house and per floor in the City of Victoria as estimated for the year 1916.

City of Victoria Health Districts.

5

6

7

22508

1234KSP

216

413

115

1

57

396

724

226

5

22

17

0

48

565

440

11

131

557

270

11

51

37

385

453

40

10

17

2177

17

389

462

35

60

558

354

13

348

534

228

4

166

525

213

oooooomooo

745

1,491

2.0

20.8

10.4

1,408

3,941

2.9

26.4

9.0

44

144

3.3

*

*

1,072

3,616

3.3

33.1

10.3

969

3,080

3.2

29.0

9.1

966

3,292

3.4

27.4

8.0

918

3,261

3.5

28.2

8.4

986

3,276

3.3

26.6

8.0

1,121

3,237

2.6

34.0

12.1

921 2,776

3.0

27.3

9.1

M 12 -

Total and Averages, 1916,

369

1,621

4,374

2,664

119

Total and Averages, 1915,

307

1,698

4,507

2,428

87

9,150 28,114 9,027 27,440

3.0

3.0

88

26.1

8.7

28.5

9.4

* Most of the Chinese in this District live in quarters attached to offices.

M 13

The following Table shows the acreage of the City Health Districts with the Houses and Civil Population of each District as estimated for the year 1916 :-

Built

Health

Total

over

District.

Acreage.

Area in

Acres.

Chinese Dwell- ings.

Non- Chinese

Non-

Chinese

Persons

Dwell- Popula-

Chinese per acre

tion.

Popula-

(built

ings.

tion.

over).

1,

631

134

745

119

15,450

1,170

124

2............

243

160

1,408

184

37,550

1,580

245

3........

232

143

44

482

9.270

3,400

90

4.....

56

53

1,072

156

36,450

1,160

666

5,....

29

27

969

12

28,400

90

1,000

6,.

60

27

966

27,550

70

981

36

31

918

8

25,850

60

796

8..

49

47

986

26,250

537

9,.

44

44

1,121

38,200

10

$63

10,.

252

136

921

68

25,330

720

215

Total, 1916,

1.502

802

9,150

1,040 270,300

8,290

352

Total, 1915,

1,502

746

9,031

948 257,930

8,440

357

The following Table shows the distribution of the Chinese population of Kowloon according to houses and floors in the different Districts into which Kowloon is divided :-

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Kowloon.

Dwellings. Dwellings. Dwellings. Dwellings.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Chinese.

Non-Chinese.

Total Dwellings.

Total Floors.

One-storey Two-storey Three-storey] Four-storey

Average number of floors! per Chinese dwelling.

Chinese Population.

Number of persons per Chinese dwelling.

Number of persons per Chinese floor.

Area in acres.

--- M 14 —–

Old Kowloon, (2 urban Health districts),

736

11 763 275 1,319 104

182

83,398 7,852 2.3

59,510 19.8

8.6 2,012

Kowloon City District,

586

440 1

:

1,027 1,468 1.4

8,040

7.8

5.6 2,758

Sham Shui Po District,

660

196 3

48

:

907 1,202 1.3 8,450 9.3

7.0 2,068

Total, 1916,

Total, 1915,

1,982 11 1,399 279 1,367 104

| 2,352 23 1,423 306 1,261 76

182

|

8 5,332 10,522 1.9 76,000 15.4

7.9 6,838

203 25,646 10,660 1.8

73,100 12,5

6.8

6,838

1

M 15

BIRTHS.

The births registered during the year were as follows :

Males.

Females.

Total.

Chinese, Non-Chinese,

1,601

760

2,361

150

120

270

Total, 1916,...... 1,751

880

2,631

Total, 1915... 1,692

· 919

2,611

This gives a general birth rate of 6'1 per 1,000 as compared with 61 in 1915 and 73 in 1914.

The birth rate among the non-Chinese community was 2005 per 1,000 as compared with 132 in 1915, and 16'8 in 1914. The nationality of the parents was as follows-British 143, Portuguese 63, Indian 35, Malay 9, Filipino 7, American 4, French and West Indian 3 each, Brazilian and Syrian 2 each, Swedish, Dutch, Siamese, Japanese, and German, one each.

The number of births of Chinese nationality registered does not give an accurate record of the number of births which has occurred. Owing to the custom of the Chinese of not registering any birth unless the child has survived for a month, and often, in the case of female children, not at all, it is probable that the majority, if not all, of the infants who are sickly at birth or die before reaching the age of one month have not been registered. It is customary, therefore, to assume that all children of one month or less admitted to the va- rious Convents, together with those found dead in the streets, har- bour, hillsides, etc., have been born in the colony but have not been registered. The addition of this number to that of the registered births gives a more correct estimate of the birth rate which is there- fore calculated in this inanner. The number of such children in 1916 was 944 (451 males and 493 females) making a total of 3,575 births in 1916 as compared with 3,701 in 1915.

The birth rate so corrected is therefore 87 and for the Chinese community the rate becomes 79 instead of 5'8 per 1,000 but even this addition is not sufficient as the total of infant deaths is still greater than the total of births so calculated, from which it is evident that many are brought into the colony from the mainland of China.

The last census return (1911) showed 1,180 Chinese under one year of age in the colony, while between the ages of one and five there were 24,738.

The preponderance of male over female registered births is very marked among the Chinese, there being 211 males to every 100 females; in 1915 the proportion was 201 to 100; and in 1914, 168 to 100, but the addition of the 944 unregistered births reduces the proportion to 164 males to 100 females for 1916.

In the non-Chinese community the proportion of male to female births was 120 to 100 as compared with 92 to 100 in 1915.

M 16

Deaths.

The total number of deaths registered during the year was 10,558 (7,921 in 1915 and 9,585 in 1914): the general death rate was 240 per 1,000 as against 18 59 in 1915 and 23-24 in 1914.

The number of deaths amongst the Chinese was 10,357, which gives a death rate of 246 per 1,000 as against 190 in 1915 and 23.88 in 1914.

The deaths registered in the non-Chinese civil community num- bered 201 giving a death rate of 15:08 per 1,000 (1384 in 1915 and 17.85 in 1914). The nationalities were as follows:-British 52, Portuguese 47, Indian 45, Japanese 23, Malay 12, American 7, Filipino 3, French, Italian, Dutch, and West Indian 2 each, Swiss, Jew, Eurasian, Brazilian, and German one each.

The death rate for Eoropeans and those of European origin is 13:04 (6·2 in 1915); 11:03 for Indians (8'5 in 1915); and 20-05 for races classed as mixed or coloured (22.8 in 1915).

The exclusion of the Army and Navy from these statistics in- creases both the birth and death rates for Europeans and Indians.

AGE DISTRIBUTION OF DEATHS.

The total number of deaths of infants under one year of age was 3,389 being 318 per cent. of the total number of deaths as com- pared with 316 in 1915. The number of deaths of children be- tween one and five years of age was 2,158.

There were 25 infant deaths among the non-Chinese, being 118 per cent. of the total number of deaths (II`1 in 1915).

Among the Chinese population the deaths of infauts numbered 3,334 (2,466 in 1915) while only 2,361 Chinese births were register- ed, or taking the corrected number of births among the Chinese to be 3,305 as explained above, it is still found that there were more deaths than births. It is obvious, therefore, that many infants must be brought in from China.

DISEASES.

Respiratory Diseases.

The total number of deaths from diseases of this nature was 2,112 (1,484 in 1915) of which 30 were among the non-Chinese com- munity. Of these 924 occurred in infants under one year of age. Pneumonia caused 1,577 deaths of which 1,558 occurred in Chinese and 759 of these deaths happened to infants under one year of age. The death rate among the Chinese from diseases of this system was 5'5 per 1,000 as compared with 38 last year.

Tuberculosis.

The number of deaths from tuberculous disease among the Chinese was 1,517 of which 963 were due to pulmonary tuberculosis. The percentage of deaths due to tuberculosis was 148 (144 last year). The average number of deaths from tuberculosis in the last 8 years has been 1,126.

M 17

J

Nerrous Diseases.

The number of deaths from these during the year was 405 as compared with 434 last year. The deaths of Chinese infants from, tetanus and convulsions were 182, and from meningitis 142, as com- pared with 172 and 17 last year.

Malaria.

The number of deaths from malaria in 1916 was 378 as com- pared with 366 in 1915 of which all but 9 occurred in Chinese. In a large proportion of the cases the disease was contracted outside the area of the Sanitary Board.

The following tables show the distribution of the deaths in the Colony and the police admissions to hospital for malaria during the last ten years :-

Table of Deaths from Malaria.

Non-

Shauki -

Year.

Victoria. Kowloon.

Chinese.

wan.

Aber- deen.

Stanley.

1910,

9

282

70

125

68

1911,

8

176

26

54

43

1912,

18

214

80

34

44

1913,

110

47

33

53

61089

5

1914,

73

58

19

47

*20

1915.

157

66

27

46

*32

1916,

182

75

25

36

*19

* Since 1914 a large number of coolies have been employed in this district

constructing a reservoir.

A

Police admitted to Hospital on account of Malaria during the

past ten years:-

Year.

From the City.

Average Percent- Strength

From rest of the Colony.

Total.

of Police

age

of

Force.

Strength.

1907,

1908,

1909,

1910,

1911,

1912,

1913,

1914,

1915,

1916,

65

105

1,049

10

101

116

ི ོ ཆ ོ ྂ ཁྲ ླ

76

108

1,018

10

50

87

1,050

8

69

135

1,039

13

83

113

1,031

11

51

88

1,120

95

163

1,170

14

81

182

1,206

15

92

208

1,289

16

63

99

162

1,057

13

Average

12.8

Average

10.4

M 18

Beri-beri.

There were 517 deaths from this disease during the year (398 in 1915). With the exception of two deaths in Indians and one in Japanese all occurred in Chinese.

Ankylostomiasis.

During the year 600 specimens, taken from the public latrines in the city were examined and 31 were found to be infected: This corresponds with the amount of infection one would expect to find when the large floating population from the infected mainland of China is taken into consideration.

Infectious Diseases.

The number of infectious diseases notified during the year was 1,110 (507 in 1915 and 2,521 in 1914) of which 39 were plague and 712 small-pox.

Their nature and distribution is shown in Tables II and III.

Plague.

The incidence of this disease was very light, there being only 39 cases as compared with 144 in 1915 and 2,521 in 1914: 38 of the patients were of Chinese nationality, one of Indian: 38 deaths occurred. Eleven cases were imported.

During the year 92,624 rats were caught in Victoria and 19,005 in Kowloon. Total 111,629-306 per diem average-(109,909 in 1915).

In Victoria 48 were found to be infected with plague (005 per cent), in Kowloon 27 (0·14 per cent); last year 22 were found infected in Victoria and 72 in Kowloon.

Table IV shows the monthly distribution of plague and of in- fected rats during the year.

Owing to the increase of plague-infected rats found during the end of October and the early part of November rat poison was laid down in the Chinese houses throughout the city with satisfactory results.

Enteric Fever.

The number of cases of this disease notified during the year was 219 as compared with 198 in 1915, and 140 in 1914. Twenty- three cases were imported. The cases of European or American nationality were 28 (36 in 1915), Portuguese 4, Japanese 9, Indian 7, Parsee 2. The remainder of the cases were Chinese.

It has not been possible to trace the source of the infection in these cases, nor the direct infection of one case from another. The incidence of the disease has not been of the nature of a water or milk borne epidemic, but may have been acquired by the eating of raw vegetables grown by the Chinese method or by the eating of shell fish, but probably the contamination of food by flies plays a considerable part in conveying this disease.

M 19

Para-Typhoid Fever.

One European case was notified.

Scarlet Fever.

Two European cases were notified.

Cholera.

There were ten cases of which seven were imported, and one of the other cases could be traced to these. The origin of the other two

cases could not be traced.

Small-pox.

During the year 712 cases occurred (34 in 1915 and 110 in 1914) and the epidemic is still proceeding.

A vaccination campaign was organised and the vaccinations per- formed increased from 6,333 last year to 36,113 this year.

Diphtheria.

One hundred and one cases occurred during the year seven of which were imported, 87 of the cases affected were Chinese.

Puerperal Ferer.

Twenty-five cases were notified, one of which was of West Indian nationality, the remainder occurred in Chinese.

Five Government midwives attended 488 cases (552 in 1915).

No cases of typhus fever, relapsing fever, nor rabies occurred,

INTERMENTS.

The following number of burials in the various cemeteries took place during the years 1915 and 1916:--

General Cemeteries.

Colonial,

Roman Catholic,

Mohammedan,

Parsee,

Japanese Crematorium,

Sikh Crematorium, .

Jewish,.

Malay,

1915.

1916.

55

58

945

889

51

59

1

0

28

26

16

11

1

Total,........ 1,097 1,044

M 20

Chinese Cemeteries.

Mount Caroline,

Kai Lung Wan,

Tung Wa Hospital,

Protestant,

Eurasian,

Shaukiwan,

Aberdeen,.

Stanley,

Shek O...

Ma Tau Wai,

Chinese Permanent Cemetery,

Lamma Island,

Hau Pui Lung,

Sai Yü Shek,

Sai Yü Shek, (Christian),

Kowloon Tong,

Chai Wan,

480 609

691 1,303

3,417 4,687

44

52

3

33

209

227

46

48

0

3

29

4

7

1,572 2,125

110

116

9

19

100

113

9

199

Cheung Leung Tin,

Tai Shek Ku,

Total,.

6,738 9,551

DISINFECTING STATION.

The Disinfecting Station in Victoria and Kowloon dealt with 45,669 articles of clothing, bedding, etc., (23,627 in 1914).

The disinfecting apparatus in Victoria was in use on 220 days and that in Kowloon on 135 days.

In addition 10,213 articles were washed and 97 public vehicles disinfected.

PUBLIC BATH HOUSES.

The following table shows the number of persons who have used the four public bath houses in the City during the year :-

District.

Wanchai, (men only),

Pound Lane, (men and women),...

Second Street, (men only),

1915.

1916.

130,443 121,347

175,580 229,868

56,149

52,664

Sheung Fung Lane, (women and children),

30,574 36,316

Total,...

392,746 440,195

AMBULANCE SERVICE.

Ambulances can be procured at any time of the day or night from the disinfecting station at Tai Ping Shan in Victoria and at Yaumati in Kowloon (telephone numbers 363 in Victoria and K44 in Kowloon).

Ambulances are also obtainable in Victoria from the Eastern and the Western District Sanitary Offices.

M 21

At the above mentioned stations coolies for ambulance work are available at any time.

may be

There are many other places from which ambulances obtained in emergency but as there are no coolies of the Sanitary Department stationed at these it is necessary for the police to obtain volunteers or engage street coolies for the ambulances when required.

The following is a list of such places:---

1. In the City of Victoria:-

No. 1 Police Station.

The Recreation Ground, Happy Valley.

The Seamen's Institute, Gresson Street. The City Hall.

The Post Office.

The Central Police Station.

The Fire Brigade Station, Queen's Road Central.

The New Western Market.

The Tung Wah Hospital.

The entrance gate to the Government Hospital, in Queen's

Road West.

The Cattle Depôt, Kennedy Town.

2. In Hongkong outside the city limits:-

Bay View Police Station.

Shaukiwan Police Station. Aberdeen Police Station. Stanley Police Station.

Pokfulam Police Station.

3. In Kowloon :---

Water Police Station, Tsim Sha Tsui. Sham Shui Po Police Station. Kowloon City Police Station.

4. In the New Territories at Tai Po.

During the year 1916 the ambulances were used 489 times in Hongkong and 185 times in Kowloon.

ADULTERATION OF FOOD AND DRUGS.

Thirty-seven samples of fresh milk were taken for analysis during the year, five of which were found to be adulterated. convictions were obtained.

Four

A number of tins of preserved milk and jam and a large quan- tity of potatoes which had undergone decomposition were seized and condemned.

J. T. C. JOHNSON, F.R.C.S. (Ed.),

Principal Civil Medical Officer,

WILLIAM J. WOODMAN, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., (Eng.), L.S.A. (London), Medical Officer of Health.

British and

Foreign

Community,

Civil,

Chinese

Community,

M 22

Table I.-DEATHS REGISTERED IN THE COLONY OF HONGKONG DURING 1916.

Small-pox.

Measles.

Enteric Fever.

Diphtheria.

Cholera.

Dysentery.

Plague.

Malaria.

Puerperal Fever. Septic Infections.

Syphilis.

Poisoning.

Injuries. Developmental Diseases.

Old Age.

General Tuberculosis.

Beri-beri.

Cancer.

Paralysis and Convulsions.

Heart Diseases.

Pneumonia.

Phthisis & Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

Enteritis and Gastro- Enteritis.

Cirrhosis of Liver.

Peritonitis.

Nephritis.

Other causes.

Unknown.

All causes.

6

2 9

:

:

:

1

14

Ι

7

༤༢

19 17

CO

59

3 201

Victoria and

Peak,

Harbour,

Kowloon,

424 16 74 42

7 | 156

19 182

CO

56374 33

72777139 | 528 | 298 32 268 102 1151 578 543 19

29 2 17 7

1

24

A

32

71 18 43 12

110

Shaukiwan,...... 11

3

Co

3

نت

Aberdeen,

1

Stanley,..

:

:

00

.

:

:

:

:

:

:..

:.

1

8

:

25

2 12 20 co

4

41

45 53 14 36 4 13 20

928

22

167 631 139 6855

84 64 35

2

3

18

92) 127 | 778

15 75 10

16 10

2

38

95155 12 122

6

CO

41 42 276 228 157

6

CO

28 361 79 2033

3

ON

20 12 36 I

36

19

:

:

..

:

:

:

:.

:

:

:

2

28

49

46 29

61

:

12

10

:

-

:

:

:

68

:

8888

28

2

:.

:

:.

:.

:

:

:

:

:

65 27 387

1

65

4 260

a

44

:

146 61 10 306 39 378 | 17

Total, 1916,

542 41

1915,

29 11 104 | 65

11

222

139 366 11

82 394 36 |187|936| 458 | 561|520| 48 |348 | 176 1577984770

30

30 220 1282) 379 10558

88888

71313 19 |124 683 350|209 | 398 48199 131 923819 664 46 38 70 1539 319 7921

}

-

E

January.

Europeans,

Plague,

Chinese,

1

I

...

3

Others,

...

Europeans,

3

1

Enteric Fever,.......

Chinese,

10

14

13

Others,

1

2

....

Europeans,

Chinese,

...

...

February.

March.

M 23

Table II-CASES OF NOTIFIABLE DISEASES RECORDED IN EACH MONTH OF THE YEAR 1916.

⠀⠀⠀ co co ai

6

... 3

9

April.

May..

June.

July.

August.

September.

October.

November.

December.

6

3

2

4

1

2

38

39

144

144

1

1

2

3

3

4

2

28

36

22

21

32

2

16

11

11

170

220

128

198

6

3

1

1

4

3

22

34

1

1

2

1

Total, 1916.

Total, 1915.

Paratyphoid Fever,

Cholera,

Others,

Europeans,

Chinese,

9

1

10

10

17

Others,

Europeans,

2

3

I

I

15

22

...

Small-pox,

Chinese,

I

33

62

68

65

22

9

13

22

67

313

684

712

28

34

Others,

I

1

2

6

3

Europeans,

1

2

3

3

3

13

13

Diphtheria,

Chinese,

10

9

10

7

1

...

5

9

13

Others,

1

4

I

1

~~

80

101

ΤΟ

86.

8

3

Europeans,

2

:

Puerperal Fever,.

Chinese,

2

1

4

2

2

3

2

2

:ལ

25

14

17

Scarlet Fever,.

Relapsing Fever,

Typhus,.

Others,

Europeans,

Chinese,

Others,

Europeans,

Chinese,

Others,

Europeans,

Chinese,

Others,

...

1

1

...

1

2

2

...

7

...

...

...

...

:

1

...

...

...

:

...

Total for 1916,

27 66 102

91

91

59

47

62

43

39

106

357

Total for 1915,

26

32

43

28

62.

58

58

43

36

51

36

34

:

:

1,110

507

507

**

Peak.

Kowloon,

Harbour.

New

Territories.

Villages of

Hongkong.

No address.

Imported.

Total, 1916.

Total, 1915.

M 24 -

39

144

5

21.220

198

3

1

7 10

17

11

2 2

:

2242

38 712

34

5 101

86

1 25

17

2

:

:

:

14

55

12

Table III.-The following Table shows the nature and distribution of these diseases :

City of Victoria: Health Districts.

Plague,

Enteric Fever,

Paratyphoid Fever,

Cholera,

Small-pox,

3

5 6 7 8 9 10

1

6

24 15 241

9

1

Diphtheria,

Puerperal Fever,

Scarlet Fever,.............

Relapsing Fever,

Typhus Fever,

~

10

5

CO

3

2

00

21

:

:

:

:

Co

:.

:

37

33

17

36 25 52 21

59 167 89

GO

Co

6

TH

3 3 16

I-

96

31

13

25

:

:

:

:

4:

:.

...

:..

:

:

:

:

1

:

:.

:

:

:

:.

:

:

1

:

:

:.

2

:.

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

1

..

M 25

Table IV.

>

MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS

DURING THE YEAR 1916.

CITY OF VICTORIA.

Mus Rattus,

Mus Decumanus,....

Total Infected Rats,

:

2 10

2

:

:

-

22222

::

January.

February.

March.

Or or April.

:

Ni

18

~♡

LO OL

17

31

7

48

May.

June.

July.

August.

September.

October.

November.

December.

Total.

Human Cases of Plague,

Local.... Import-

-

:

ed,... I

2

3 2

F

:

2

:

CYC

3

1

:

MONTHLY DISTRIBUTION OF PLAGUE-INFECTED RATS

DURING THE YEAR 1916.

KOWLOON.

Mus Rattus, Mus Decumanus,...

Total Infected Rats,

January.

February.

2

*11?]\

April.

May.

June.

2

2

Co

3

3 4

Human Cases

of Plague,

Local,... Import-

ed,..

1 1

2 3 1

1 1

:

10 00

G

:

July,

August.

September.

October,

November,

10

7

N

:

:

:

:

:

December.

1

15

Total.

12

:~

16

1

28

1

1

13

:

:

2

M 26

Annexe C.

REPORT BY MR. ADAM GIBSON, Colonial Veterinary Surgeon.

GENERAL STATISTICS.

The total number of cattle admitted to the Government Depôts for the year was 49,394, an increase on the previous year of 2,168. In Kennedy Town 44,631 cattle were admitted, an increase of 1,820 on last year. There were 17 cattle rejected alive as unfit for food against 22 in 1915. In Ma Tau Kok 1,763 were admitted against 4,415 in the previous year and 18 were rejected alive as unfit for food against 14 in 1915.

The total number of pigs admitted to Kennedy Town was 255,115 an increase on last year's total of 21,003.

The total number of sheep admitted to Kennedy Town was 30,986 an increase on last year's total of 6,207.

The shipment of live cattle to the Philippines commenced in 1915 did not succeed owing it is said to the high price of cattle in Hongkong and the adverse exchange. Only 2,121 head were so exported.

DISEASE IN DEPÔTS..

Rinderpest.

Towards the end of the year a few cases were imported but the disease never assumed any serious proportions.

Anthrax.

Only two cases of anthrax were found during the year (1915, one case; 1914 two cases).

Tuberculosis.

As in former years this disease was not found in native cattle but 11 cases, entailing total or partial destruction, were found among dairy cows sent in for slaughter. A few cases were sent direct to the Crematorium without passing through the Slaughter House.

Black Quarter.

Seven cases were found and it is of interest that all the cases occurred in adult bullocks none of which were less than six years old.

KENNEDY TOWN CREMATORIUM.

The carcases destroyed in the Crematorium for the year were:-

Cattle,

...

Sheep and Goats...

85

24

Swine,...

159

...

...

Horses,

56

Dogs and miscellaneous animals,

152

Condemned meat from the Slaughter House,10,555fb.

M 27

p

Besides the above 24 cart loads of old papers, books and mis- cellaneous goods from Government Offices and private firms were destroyed, and 181 cases from the British American Tobacco Company.

Under Government Notification No. 31 of 1910 the following fees were collected :—

93 large animals at $2.00 each, 85 small

Bone ash sold,

0.50

"

Refund for the fuel used in destroying

* private papers, etc.,

...

Total,...

...

...$186.00 42.50

93.00

...

$3.66

...$405.16

The amount of coal used was 36 tons, 15 cwt., 30 Hb.

SLAUGHTER HOUSE REVENUE.

Kennedy Town:--

Slaughtered.

1915.

$

C.

Cattle @ 40 c.,... 29,737= 11,894.80

Sheep 20 c..... 17,724= 3,544.80

1916.

$ C. 40,053=16,021.20 21,321 4,264.20

Swine @30 c.,...211,167-63,350.10 232,951=69,885.30

Cattle and swine slaugh-

tered at Pokfulam

(Dairy Farm),

......

427.70

Exported.

Cattle @ 50 c., ...1.803=

901.50

Sheep @ 10 c... ...9,488= Swine @ 10 c., ...7,779= 777.90

948.80

3,484 1,742.00 9,884= 9,045- 904.50

988.40

$81,417.90

$94,233.30

Increase on 1915=$12,815.40

Mau Tau Kok :—

Slaughtered.

1915.

$

1916.

$

C.

Cattle (a 40 c.,...... 4,421= 1,768.40 Sheep @ 20 c........ 299=

315= 63.00

Swine@ 30 c.,......43,872=13,161.60 46,298-13,889.40

=

4,766 1,806.40

59.80

Outstanding tickets sold,

63.80

$15,053.60

Increase on 1915,

126.60

$15,885.40

$831.80

M 28

Sai Wan Ho (Contracted out) :-

1915.

$

(.

1916.

$ C.

Swine,

Aberdeen (Contracted out) :

....6,489 1,380.00 7,312-2,100.00

1915.

$

(.

1916. $

Swine,..

..3,366=888.00 3,956=990.00

The total revenue, including contracts, from the Animal Depôts and Slaughter Houses is as follows:-

1915.

1916.

Kennedy Town, Fees,

.$81,417.90

$94,233.30

Ma Tau Kok, Fees,

15,053.60

15,885.40

Kennedy Town, Blood and Hair Contract, 6,600.00

6,600.00

Ma Tau Kok,

1,104.00

1,248.00

Sai Wan Ho, Slaughtering Contract,

""

...

1,380.00

2,100.00

Aberdeen,

888.00

990.00

>>

""

$106,443.50 $121,056.70

$14,613.20

Increase on 1915......

The following Table shows the number of animals slaughtered

in all Slaughter Houses during the past ten years :—

Year. Cattle.

Sheep and

Swine.

Goats.

1907,...

27,631

18.279

206,124

1908,

.29,612

18,104

185,231

1909,.

.30.848

17,855

182,791

1910,

30,504

17,439

223,705

1911,

.30,371

17,671

227,597

1912.

.33,761

18.177

242,956

1913.

.37,909

17,586

244,609

1914,

.32.642

17,245

228,136

1915,..

.34,158

17,966

264,894

1916,.........44,819

21,636

290,528

GRASS SUPPLY FOR GOVERNMENT BULLOCKS.

Practically no more land was brought under cultivation in Kennedy Town. The total amount of grass cut was 100 tons or just balf of last year's crop. The abnormal rainfall during the summer seemed to be responsible for the short crop. In Kowloon the fresh portion of land beside the Orient Tobacco Factory broken in and planted with guinea grass last year as anticipated was able to spare grass for Hongkong.

M 29

EXPORT OF LARD TO THE PHILIPPINES.

The factories erected at Ma Tau Kok and Kennedy Town by Chinese lard makers have continued to manufacture lard and dried meats. The dried meats consist of sausages of various kinds and dried bacon(臘腸臘肉).

The following are the figure for the Philippines :-

Lard,

Dried Meats,

1913.

.840,917

1914. 1,050,959

1915. 1,040,055

1916.

792,772.

75,592

59,181 69,741

57,690tb.

In addition to the above amounts shipped by these factories to the Philippines, there is also a fairly big business done with Mexico and Peru. Tentative shipments were also made to the United Kingdom.

IMPORTATION AND EXPORTATION OF FROZEN MEAT.

The Dairy Farm Company were the only importers of frozen meat. The amount imported was 76,386 lbs. of beef and 246,685 lbs. of mutton both from Australia.

The same company also exported locally slaughtered meat to the amount of 1,976,975 lb. of beef, 140,665 lb. of mutton, and 15,132 lb. of pork, all to Manila. These figures account to some extent for the increase in the numbers of animals slaughtered.

RABIES.

Dogs were unmuzzled throughout the year. One suspected case of Rabies occurred at Shatin. The man bitten was sent to Saigon for treatment and remained healthy. As the suspected dog was dumped at sea the existence of the disease could not be con- firmed. Six dogs were detained under observation as suspects but none were found affected with the disease.

MARKETS.

The following statement shows the Revenue derived from Markets :----

Markets.

Central Market, Hunghom Market,

Mong Kok Tsui Market, Sai Wan Ho Market,. Sai Ying Poon Market,.. Shaukiwan Market, Shek Tong Tsui Market, So Kon Po Market, Tai Kok Tsui Market, Tsim Sha Tsui Market,.

Wan Chai Market,.

Western Market, (North Block),

Western Market, (South Block),

Yaumati Market,

Aberdeen Market,

1903-1912

(average for

1913.

1914.

1915.

1916.

10 years).

Canal Road, (opened April, 1913),

Praya East, (opened September, 1913),

Reclamation Street, (opened December, 1913),.

Staunton Street,

Tai Hang, (opened 1st October, 1914),.

Total,.

$

C.

ሮ.

..

C.

$

C.

52,227.20

60,199.20

60,340,20

60,457.80

60,664.80

3,129.18

3,746.50

3,831.40

4,147.30

4,308.60

991.83

1,159.80

1,259.90

1,234.00

1,237.20

1,218.32

1,823.50

2,274.80

2,255.20

2,263.60

12,936.62

14,806.00

14,955.10

15,919.40

16,262.40

1,240.66

2,015,60

2,036.30

2,135.00

2,142.00

637.31

853.20

853.20

876.90

959.00

1,339.14

1,482.00

1,479.00

1,462.80

1,500.10

529.88

611.80

632.40

630.00

600.10

396.36

3,969.00

4,243.70

4,324,30

4,383.10

3,996.64

4.861.20

4,861.20

4,861.20

4,861,20

11,761.96

13,239.70

18,893.10

18,960.00

18,989.10

22,362.80

20,260.40

30,185.00

27,867.70

29,467.30

6,468.04

9,149.30

10,324.40

10,162.20

10,019.70

496.00

464.20

474.70

465.40

387.00

516.00

516.00

516.00

194.50

683.00

429.10

381.10

1,821.50

3,606.30

2,871.20

2,727.40

670.50

714.40

1,121.30

1,124.40

351.30

1,401,40

1,042.50

119,235.94

148,845.10

162,504.90 162,110.50 163,915.00

M 30

M 31

-

Annexe D.

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

REPORT BY DR. W. V. M. KOCH, Superintendent.

CHANGES IN THE STAFF.

The Matron, Miss Maker, and Sister Barrow, were invalided out of the Service on account of ill health, Sister Jacobs was transferred to the Medical Department of the Federated Malay States, and Sisters Gorham, Barlow and Kelsey went on home leave. Five Japanese Staff Nurses have been engaged temporarily and are in charge of the Nursing in B Block.

STATISTICS.

The total number of admissions was 2,969 as against 3,085 in 1915. In the out-patient department 12,620 prescriptions were dispensed as against 14,499 in 1915, and 4,230 vaccinations were performed as against 170.

The average daily number of sick was 101 as against 102.

The following Tables are attached :-

:-

1. Admissions and Deaths under respective Diseases.

2. Yearly Admissions for Malaria from each Police

Station.

3. Number and Class of Patients admitted during the

last ten years, and deaths.

Women and Children.--There were 532 women admitted as against 417 in 1915 with a death rate of 11%, and 180 children with a death rate of 17% as against 176.

Deaths.-The deaths numbered 195 making a percentage of 64 as against 155, with a percentage of 5 in 1915. Of these deaths 88 occurred within 24 hours of admission.

The Nationality of Patients admitted.-Europeans 441 as against 479, Indians and Coloured 674 as against 800, Asiatics 1,943 as against 1,806.

The death rate was: -Europeans 2.2 per cent., Indians 3 per cent., Asiatics 8.5 per cent.

M 32

DISEASES.

The most prevalent diseases were :--

Malarial fever,

Typhoid fever,

Beri-beri,

Dysentery,

Tuberculosis,

***

:

:

:

:

Increase

01'

1916. 1915.

Decrease.

360 384

-24

34 54

-20

+

60 45

+15

42

...

135

41

+ 1

114

+21

21 14

+ 7

5

Diphtheria,

Rheumatism,

...

Respiratory system,

Digestive system,

Injuries,

...

62 67

165 184

248 279

574 587

-19

-31

-13

The largest number of deaths occurred in the following:-

Typhoid fever, Tubercle,

Digestive system,

...

Urinary system, Injuries,

Respiratory system,

...

...

...

7

21

..

...

11

10

69

12

...

New Growths.-Among the cases were the following:--

Cancer of Uterus 7 cases (C.F. aged 38, C.F. 45, C.F.

35, C.F. 27, C.F. 49, C.F. 45, Portuguese F. 45). Epithelioma of Bladder (C.M. 41).

""

Tongue (C.M. 54).

Cancer, Cervical Glands (C.M. 57).

Pancreas, (European M. 45).

>>

""

""

Breast, 3 cases (C.F. 40, C.F. 52, C.F. 36). Parotid (C. M. 42).

Ovarian, 5 cases (C.F. 40, 51, 42, 45, 35).

Epithelioma, External Auditory Meatus (C.M. 55).

Cancer Nasopharynx (C.M. 30).

Epithelioma of Oesophagus (C.M. 62).

Cancer of Liver (C.F. 53, C.M. 56).

39

Sigmoid, (Japanese M. 30).

Epithelioma of Arın (C.F. 55).

>>

Ankle (C.F. 60).

Sarcoma of Parotid (C.M. 23, C.M. 32).

Melanoma (C.M. 29).

Fibro Sarcoma of Breast (C.F. 38).

M 33

Sarcoma, Upper Jaw (C.M. 37).

Back (C.M. 20).

"

Orbit (C.F. 2).

**

Tonsil (C.M. 39).

A

Testis (C.M. 45).

Lower Jaw (C.M. 28).

Fractures.-The following were treated :—

Skull,

Thigh,

Leg,...

Arm,

Forearm,

...

Clavicle,

Jaw,...

***

Spine, fracture dislocation,

...

Pelvis,

Patella,

Tibia alone,

Sternum,...

Ribs,

...

...

...

...

...34, with 21 deaths.

9

...10, with 3 deaths.

...

7

8

1

1

8, with 2 deaths.

5, with 2 deaths.

3

1. died.

Colles' fracture,

Phalanges, and small bones,

4

...

***

1, died.

1

...13

Malarial Fever. There were 360 cases under treatment, as against 384 in the previous year.

Typhoid Fever-There were 34 cases under treatment with 4 deaths as against 54 in the previous year. The death rate was 11 per cent.

Operations. The following were some of the principal opera- tions performed: ·

Laparotomy, exploratory,

for tubercular peritonitis,... for wounds of intestines,

for gastric ulcer,

>>

for septic peritonitis,....

for wound of abdomen,

6

...

5

1

1

1

for obstruction by Payr's membrane, 1

Appendicectomy, Appendix sinus,

abscess,

22

Liver, abscess of,

**

...14

1

...

1

1

Hernia, inguinal, radical cure,

strangulated,

ventral,

Salpingectomy,

Ectopic gestation,

...

...

...

...

..

5

1

1

1

M 34

J

Ovarian tumours,

Fibro niyomectomy,

Curettage of uterus for endometritis,

""

Perineorrhaphy,

**

cervical carcinoma,...

Vesical calculus (suprapubic), Suprapubic drainage for cystitis, Circumcision, ...

Varicocele,

External urethrotomy,

Hydrocele,

Castration,

Trephining skull,

...

Amputation,-thigh,

""

>>

-leg,.. -foot,

-toe,

—arm,

...

-wrist,

-fingers,

...

...

...

-supernumerary thumb,

Fracture, resetting badly united,

-patella, wiring,

>>

-leg, wiring,

""

-thigh, plating,

-setting various,

Hammer toe,

...

...

...

Knee, loose cartilage, removal, Arthrectomy of knee, Cuneiform osteotomy, Hæmorrhoids,...

Fistula in ano,

Stricture rectum,

Venereal warts, excision, Tubercular glands, removal, Varicose veins, excision, Thyroidectomy,

Tonsillectomy,... Tracheotomy, Mastoidectomy,

434

Removal of tumours,

Sequestrotomy,

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

Reinoval of ingrowing toe nail,

Incisions for various abscesses,

Removal of bullets, needles, etc.,...

Whitlow,...

....

Dislocation of shoulder,..

**

elbow,

Eye,- cataract,

,, -entropion,

*

-excision,

...

...

+

...

3

1

1

1

...

...12

1

...

5

1

1

F

...

...

...

...

...

1

2

...

1

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

2

1

8

1

1

1

...

1

...

6

4

1

...

...

...

...

1

8

1

1

3

4

1

4

4

...

...16

...

...

2

...

1

1

...

7

...

3

M 35

MATERNITY HOSPITAL.

There were 302 patients admitted during the year of whom four were remaining from the previous year. Of these, there were 141 paying patients, 149 free, and 12 cases belonged to the Garrison.

There were 117 male infants born and 119 female infants- there were also 19 still born infants. Two cases of twins occurred.

Deaths.-Five deaths occurred amongst mothers--four from advanced nephritis (present on admission) and one from puerperal septicæmia. Four premature children died.

POLICE.

The strength of the Police Force was 935, consisting of Europeans 114, Indians 395, Chinese 426.

Admissions. Admissions into hospital numbered 552 as against 731 in 1915-Europeans 65, Indians 366, Chinese 121.

Sick Rate

Europeans, Indians, Chinese, ...

Chief Diseases :-

Malaria, Digestive,

Respiratory, Rheumatism,

Typhoid fever, Cellular tissue, Injuries,

...

...57 per cent. as against 62

...

...93 ...28

...

...

...

""

104

多多

34

""

...162 against 208

31

39

25

70

56

...

19

27

"

2

4

""

38

22

>>

34

41

""

Malaria. There were 15 Europeans attacked making nearly 10 per cent. as compared with 14 per cent. last year, Indians 127 making 27 per cent. as compared with 28 per cent. last year, and Chinese 38 making 9 per cent. as compared with 9-5 last year.

Invaliding.-Eleven men were invalided as being unfit for further service-European 1, Indians 5, and Chinese 5.

Deaths.-No Europeans died. There were however the follow- ing deaths among Indians and Chinese :-

Indians 5 (anæmia 1, pneumonia 2, typhoid fever 1,

fracture of neck 1).

of head 1,

Chinese 3 (pneumonia 1, bullet wound of

malaria 1).

Mortality Rate :—

0

against 1-2 per cent.

1.3 per cent. 0.7

0.9

""

0.7

""

*

**

Europeans, Indians, Chinese,

Diseases.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Small-pox,

M 36

Tab

Diseases and Deaths in 1916 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

at end Admis-

of 1915.

sions. Deaths,

Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1916.

Measles,

Chicken-pox,

Dengue,

11

Influenza,

24

24

2

Diphtheria,

3

18

21

Febricula,

1

27

28

Enteric Fever,

31

Dysentery,

41

བ ོ་ས

1

34

42

Mumps,

4

4

Plague,

1

1

Malarial Fever:

1. Quartau,

4

4

2. Simple Tertian,

35

35

3. Malignant,

4

263

2

267

Blackwater Fever,

1

1

Malarial Cachexia,..

54

54

1

1

Beri-beri,.

2

58

2

60

Pyæmia,

1

Septicæmia,

1

9

10

Puerperal Fever,

1

Tubercle,

129

135

5

Leprosy,

3

Tetanus Neonatorum,

1

Whooping Cough,

:

Syphilis :--

(a) Primary,

11

12

1

(b) Secondary,

58

59

I

(c) Tertiary,

28

1

33

1

(d) Inherited,

1

I

Gonorrhoea,

46

46

Scurvy,

Alcoholism,

2

47

49

Rheumatism,

1

61

62

New Growth, Non-malignant,

18

18

New Growth, Malignant,

2

42

44

1

Carried forward,......

3333

1,041

61 1,074

28

M 37

le I.

Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

Remain-

ing in Yearly Total.

Total

Hospital

at end Admis-

of 1913.

sious. Deaths.

('ases Treated.

Remain Remain-

ing in Hospital at end of 1916,

1

::

: -axi cao:

or co

1

33

4

2

*

100 10

GAOL HOSPITAL.

ing in Yearly Total. Total

Hospital at end of 1915.

Admis- sions.

Cases

Deaths. Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1916.

:

33

4

་-

3

3

3

1

78

5

79

:

145*

145*

18

18

2

2

11

1

16

16

3

12

~

:

12

1

i

1

1

1

1

76

2

77

*Not included in the totals.

...

...

-

C

M 38

Table I,-

Diseases and Deaths in 1916 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Diseases.

Remain- ing in

Yearly Total.

Total

Hospital

Cases

Remain- ing in Hospital

at end Admis-

of 1915. sions. Deaths.

Treated.

at end of 1918.

Brought forward,... 33 1,041 61

1,074

28

GENERAL DISEASES,- Continued.

Anemia,

Puepura,

Debility,

9

1

42

2:2

R25

10

.2

42

2

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System:-

Neuritis,

Meningitis,

Functional Nervous Disorders: ·

Apoplexy,

Paralysis,...

Locomotor Ataxia,

Epilepsy,

Neuralgia,

Headache,

Neurasthenia,

Mental Diseases :-

Idiocy,

Mania,

Melancholia,

Hypochondriasis, Dementia, G. P. I.,

Delusional Insanity,

Diseases of the Eye,

:

::

2

-1 00

13

12

12

COLO 2 4 3 2 -

1

1

:

1

1

1

3

1

1

71

73

2

""

27

Ear,

Nose,....

19

19

4

4

""

-

""

""

Circulatory System,...

17

6

18

1

>>

>>

Respiratory System,

2

163

12

165

""

""

Digestive System, ...

4

244

11

248

10

>>

"

Lymphatic System,...

1

55

2

56

ON

Carried forward,...... 48 1,728 100

1,776 51

M 39

(Continued).

Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Yearly Total. Total

Cases

at end Admis- of 1915.

sions,

Deaths, Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end

of 1916.

Remain-

ing in Hospital at end of 1915.

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

Cases

Admis- sions.

Deaths. Treated.

ing in Hospital at end of 1916.

78

5

79

i

1

76

2

3

:

1

1

2

5

36

5

36

3

...

:

21

:

.....

::

:

...

4

...

...

1

3

1

1

1

9

5

32

3

37

2

74

1

76

2

2

1

139

7 140

5

9

210

10

219

7

M 40

Table I,-

Diseases and Deaths in 1916 at the

CIVIL HOSPITAL.

Diseases.

Remain-

ing in Hospital

at end Admis- of 1915. sions.

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

ing in

Cases

Hospital

Deaths. Treated.

at end of 1916.

Brought forward, ...

LOCAL DISEASES, Continued.

48

1,728

100

1,776

51

Diseases of the Urinary System,

1

51

10

52

2

27

Generative System,..

22

وو

Male Organs,

106

108

4

""

22

Female Organs,

50

""

>>

Organs of Locomotion,

14

""

22

Cellular Tissue,

185

2113

52

16

2

194

11

Skin,

1

40

41

2

>>

>>

39

Injuries, General,.

Local,

Malformations,

Poisons,

Poisoning, Chronic Opium,

Parasites.

In Attendance,

21

554

69

575

22

:

:

5

5

43

43

47

47

36

36

Vaccinia,..

Pregnancy,

Under Observation,

Nil,

Effects of Heat,

Immersion,

7

7

1

20

20

41

41

1

40

40

3

3

Affections connected with Pregnancy,

Accompanying Patients,

:

Total,.....

86 2,973 195 3,059

99

M 11

(Continued).

Civil, Victoria, and Gaol Hospitals.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL.

GAOL HOSPITAL.

Remain-

ing in Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

Hospital

Cases

at end Admis-

of 1915.

sions.

Deaths. Treated

ing in Hospital

at end of 1916.

Remain- ing in Hospital

at end cf 1915.

Yearly Total. Total

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Cases Treated.

Remain- ing in Hospital at end of 1916.

1

139

7

140

5

9

210

10

219

7

30

10

10

:

3

::

5

34

3

:

...

10

:

3

:

5 34

::

1

1

5

:

:

11

12

::

:

9

23

23

2

...

1

200

8

201

5

10

261

10

271

8

M 42

Table II-Showing number of cases of Malarial Fever among Members of the Police Force returned from Hospital and the Different Police Stations during 1916.

Station.

Strength.

No. of Cases.

Percentage to Strength.

Central,

368

49

No. 2,

52

7,

86

Je co

13

3

5.8

15

17

8,

22

""

Aberdeen,

24

Stanley,

9

Shaukiwan,

26

Gough Hill,

17

∞0 10 6 ∞

12.5

100

8

18

Tai O,.

15.

Water Police,

44

12

27

Yaumati,.

44

4

9

Kowloon City,

17

17.5

Hung Hom,

22

Sham Shui Po,

16

12.5

Tai Po,

14

35.5

Sha Tau Kok,

21

33

Ping Shan,

17

11.5

San Tin,

14

21.5

Sheung Shui,

27

33

Au Tau,

12

8

66

Tsun Wan,

9

9

100

Tung Chung,

10

Sai Kung,

10

Cheung Chau,

13

Sha Tin,

Kennedy Town,

Tsat Tsz Mui,

Bay View,.

ROITOON

10

100

1

10

2

15

7

6

6

119

16

Total,

935

162

t

I

1907.

1908.

1909.

1910.

1911.

1912.

1913.

1914.

1915.

1916.

Table III.-Number and Class of Patients admitted during the past ten years and the Deaths.

Police,...

776

660

633

613

519

657

771

728

731

552

Paying Patients,

762

724

659

591

631

735

667

723

749

775

Government Servants,

367

315

250

352

188

249

257

312

274

325

Police Cases,

318

285

287

.432

313

380

370

283

352

344

Free,

488

543

555

674

719

710

728

696

979

1,062

Class of Patients.

M 43

Total,..

2,711

2,527

2,384

2,662

2,370

2,731

2,793

2,742

3,085

3,058

Total Deaths,....

170

157

131

147

173

194

178

194

155

195

Percentage,..

6.2

6.2

5.4

5.6

7.3

ΤΙ

6.4

7.1

5.0

6.4

M 44

Annexe E.

VICTORIA HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN AND CHILDREN.

REPORT BY DR. J. T. C. JOHNSON, Principal Civil Medical Officer.

Staff.-Five of the Nursing Sisters, one Staff Nurse and one Probationer Nurse were employed in this post during the year.

Admissions to Hospital.-201 persons were admitted as com- pared with 156 in the preceding year.

Deaths.-Eight occurred and they were caused by:

Malignant malaria,

Septicemia,

Cancer of intestines,..

Meningitis,

Cirrhosis of liver,.

Prematurity at birth,

3

1

1

1

Malaria.-Thirty-eight cases were admitted, of which thirty- three were due to the aestivo-autumnal parasite and four to chronic malarial poisoning.

The following operations were performed:-

Curetting,

For Hæmorrhoids,

Repair of Perineum,

Appendicitis,....

Epulis,

1

1

2

Removal of enlarged tonsils and adenoids, 1 Varicose veins, ....

.1

10

M 45

Annexe F.

LUNATIC ASYLUM.

REPORT BY DR. W. B. A. MOORE, Medical Officer.

During the year there were 237 patients under treatment (201 in 1915).

121 cases were brought in by the Police (125 in 1915).

There were 35 paying patients (22 in 1915).

The deaths numbered 6, being 2.5 per cent of the cases under treatment (2% in 1915). ·

Table I.

Nationality and Sex of Patients treated in 1916.

Remain-

ing at Admit- end of ted.

1915.

Total number treated.

Dis- charged.

Died.

Remain- ing at end of 1916.

M. F. M. F.

M. F. M. F.

M.

F.

M. F.

Europeans....

G

20

Japanese,

0 26

1

2 19

ني

7

1

2

الم

1

0

Indians,

0 3

1 5 1 5

0

0

Chinese,

1 5 139

50 140 55 30 51

1

5

Other Nationalities, ...

2

2 I

0 3 2

0

0

2

Total,

11

9 165 52176 61 156 54

15

M 46

Table II.

Return of Diseases and Deaths in 1916.

Yearly Total.

Remaining in

Total

Remaining

in

Diseases.

Hospital

Cases

at end of

1915.

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Dis- charged.

Treated.

Hospital at end of

1316.

:

14

GENERAL DISEASES.

Alcoholism,

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous

System :-

SUB-SECTION II.

Functional Nervous Dis-

orders :-

Epilepsy,

SUB-SECTION III.

Mental Diseases :-

Imbecility,

General Paralysis of

the Insane,

Mania,

Melancholia,

Dementia,

Delusional Insanity,

Under Observation,

:

13

14

I

1

1

I

:

:.

10

NO

2

6

92

1

42

15

2727

2

-98

:

96

98

2

Total, 1916,.

*

1915,....

2128

20

217

15 186

64

210

237

21

177

201

20

.

K

M 47

Annexe G.

INFECTIOUS DISEASES HOSPITALS, KENNEDY TOWN.

REPORT BY DR. C. W. MCKENNY, Medical Officer. Buildings.-No structural additions or changes have been made. Staff-Wardmaster de Haney went on leave and joined the R.A.M.C. Wardmaster Kong Yee was appointed.

The Hospital was open during the year as follows :—

From 11th February to 18th May 12 patients were admitted. This may be considered the normal small-pox season and usually few, if any, cases are admitted till the next year but this year dur- ing September and November two cases were admitted and during December 19 cases.

Thirty patients all of whom were suffering from small-pox were under treatment. Three persons were under observation but found not to be suffering from small-pox.

The nationalities represented were as follows:--

British, Russian, American (U.S.A.), Japanese, Chinese, Filipino, and Portuguese.

Five deaths occurred, representing a mortality percentage of 16.6 per cent.

The following Table shows the relationship between vaccination and the virulence of small-pox :-

Rash.

Result.

Patient.

Con- fluent.

Discrete.

Hæmor- rhagic.

Cured. Died.

Unvaccinated,

6

3

6

Vaccinated in childhood,

1

11

2

Multiple vaccinations,...

1.

TUNG WA SMALL-POX BRANCH HOSPITAL (CHINESE). Buildings.-The buildings have been well maintained. Staff. The staff has remained the same as heretofore.

During the year 175 patients were admitted. were suffering from small-pox.

All of these

M 48

Seventy-one died, sixty-three were discharged cured, and forty- one remained in hospital at the end of the year.

A considerable number of cases were in a moribund condition on admission.

The majority of children who were under treatment had not been vaccinated, and suffered from the confluent variety of the disease and died.

Among the adults it is frequently difficult to ascertain with accuracy their history but as a general rule multiple vaccination has not been practised.

M 49

Annexe H.

VICTORIA GAOL.

REPORT BY DR. C. W. MCKENNY, Medical Officer.

Buildings.-The buildings have been maintained in good sani- tary condition. A new hall containing 78 cells has been added.

Some minor alterations have been effected in the hospital.

Staff and routine.--- No changes have been made.

Health of the prisoners.-The health of the prisoners has been satisfactory. It may be estimated by considering the following details :

(1) Number of deaths.

Eight deaths from disease took place. The causes were as follows:

The

Tuberculosis,

Pneumonia,

Cancer,

Heart disease,

Cerebral thrombosis,

2

1

1

1

average death rate for the decade 1905-15 was 10'3.

(2) Prisoners liberated for medical reasons.

Eleven prisoners were so discharged for the following

reasons :-

Phthisis, Leprosy,

Heart disease,

The average for the decade 1905-15 was 15'5.

5

5

1

One prisoner, suffering from acute appendicitis, was sent for operation to the Civil Hospital where he subsequently died.

(3) Occurrence of certain specific diseases.

Typhoid Fever-Sixteen cases were admitted with no deaths (3 in 1915). There is therefore an increase in the number of cases compared with last year but considering the number of prisoners living necessarily in close association and the increase in the ac- curacy of diagnosis the result is not unsatisfactory, in addition to which several prisoners were admitted to gaol suffering from the disease.

Dysentery. Three cases were admitted with no deaths (10 in 1915). The remarks made with regard to typhoid fever may with equal justice be made in connection with dysentery.

-

M 30

-

ì

Beri-beri.--Nine cases were admitted with no deaths (13 with one death in 1915). Treatment was given to seven of these, for a time, in the hospital and to two in the out-patient department.

For several years

All the cases were imported into the gaol. past beri-beri, occurring de novo in the gaol, may be considered as almost unknown.

Pulmonary phthisis. — Eighteen cases were recorded with two deaths (15 with two deaths in 1915).

No alterations were made in the methods of treating and pre- venting the spread of the disease as those in use are giving as good results as can, at present, be expected.

Malaria.-Twelve cases of the æstivo-autumnal variety were admitted to hospital. No deaths occurred. Three very mild cases were treated as out-patients. The average number for the decade 1905-15 was 22.3.

Dengue.--During the months of July and August an epidemic of this disease occurred. Though causing great trouble owing to the number of persons rapidly involved no serious anxiety was felt as the patients were for the most part recovered in from four to six days. No deaths or serious complications took place. In all 145 prisoners were attacked.

At the same time a similar condition was noted in Victoria, H.M.S.

and in two Indian regiments quartered in Kow-

loon.

?

Skin Diseases.-There were 281 admissions. No cases were treated in hospital.

27.7 per cent. of the total out-patient attendances was due to this cause.

There were 108 persons suffering from scabies and 93 from ringworm.

Opium habit.-53 prisoners required medicinal treatment for the results of indulgence in this drug. Of these 30 were in the out-patient department and 23 in hospital. There is thus a large reduction since last year when 154 cases were noted.

In addition 71 persons on admission to gaol showed sufficient symptoms to necessitate a reduction of labour but did not require active treatment.

No deaths occurred and the severity of the symptoms, which may to a limited extent be taken as an index to the degree of indulgence, was for the most part reduced.

(4) Female prisoners.

There were 205 female prisoners admitted during the year. The average weekly number in gaol was 31.

M 51

29 cases were under treatment and one death from phthisis occurred. The other maladies were not of a serious nature.

(5) Condition of prisoners on admission to gaol.

The following facts show the physical condition of prisoners on their admission. They may be of interest as compared with the actual figures of disease and as an indication of the bodily state of the criminal class.

It was found that 1,100 were physically unfit, i.e., 33.5 per cent. of the total admissions.

Of these 1,400 it was found that:--

(a) 579 were under weight, i.e., their weight was much below the standard weight for each individual height. These men were graded into two classes. The first class (400) was able to perform light work and the second (179) was unfit for labour which required any serious effort.

(b) 235 were incapacitated owing to age, ie., they were above fifty years. With the exception of five persons who were fit for light labour all of these were classed as unfit for any form of laborious toil.

(c) 527 were suffering from present disease or the results of disease. It was necessary to admit 70 of these to hospital at the time of or within a few days of their entry into gaol.

The following is a list of the important morbid conditions which for practical purposes are only met in this way :-

Venereal diseases.

Tuberculosis.

Beri-beri.

Hernia.

Leprosy.

Skin diseases.

Results of opium habit.

(d) 59 were on reduced labour by reason of juvenility.

(6) General Statistics :-

The total admissions were 4,169 (4,179 in 1915).

The daily average of prisoners was 638 (593 in 1915).

It will thus be seen that though there was a decrease of 10 in the admissions as compared with last year there was an increase of 45 in the daily average.

The total admissions to the hospital for illness were 261 (365 in 1915).

M 52

The 145 cases of dengue are not counted in this as by so doing an erroneous idea of the incidence of diseases requiring hospital treatment would be formed. Had it not been for the number of patients and the necessity for segregation it would, for the most part, have been possible to have dealt with the matter in the extern department.

The total number of persons who received treatment in the out-patient department was 1,013 (1,294 in 1915).

*

The daily average attendance at the out patient department was 63.29 (79 in 1915), and in the hospital 11:55 (13 in 1915).

Vaccinations.-2,133 prisoners were vaccinated during the year. Of this number 772 were successful, 614 were unsuccessful, and 747 were not examined owing to early discharge on the expiration of their sentence.

Surgical operations.—Five were performed during the year.

Rates of Sickness and Mortality.

Total Number of :-

Daily Average

Number of :-

Rate per cent. of:

-

Prisoners Admitted to Gaol.

Admissions to Hospital.

Out-Patients.

Deaths due to Disease.

Prisoners in Gaol.

Sick in Hospital.

Out-Patients.

Admissious to Hos-

pital to Total Admissions to Gaol.

Daily Average in Hospital to Daily Average of Prisoners.

Daily Average of Prisoners coming to Out-patient De- partment to baily Average of Prisoners.

Deaths due to Dis- ease to Total Ad- missions to Gaol,

1914, 4,050 483 | 2,348 5601 13:36 83 84 11.92

2 2

13.8

0.12

1915, 4,179 | 365| 1,294 4 593

1916, 4,169 261| 1,013 8 638 11:55 | 63-29

13-01 79.9

8.73

2.1

134

0:09

60.2

1 8

9.9

0.19

* These figures do not take into account 999 patients of whom 248 were observed and found to be malingering, 672 were suffering from trivial ailments and only received one. dose of medicine, and 79 had one or more teeth extracted but were treated in no other way. The figures for 1915 are also exclusive of these.

:

M 53

Annexe I.

KOWLOON AND THE NEW TERRITORIES.

REPORT BY DR. J. T. SMALLEY, Medical Officer.

I took over charge of the district from Dr. Woodman on the 1st July and for the remainder of the year combined the duties of Medical Officer and Assistant Medical Officer of Health.

The total number of cases treated showed a marked increase.

The figures for the year are 7,003 (exclusive of vaccination and physical examinations) as compared with 5,353 in 1915.

The figures unfortunately are not directly comparable owing to different methods in registering the cases in the two halves of the year.

The figures for 1916 would have been well over 8,000 if the same methods of book-keeping bad been used throughout the year as were used during the first half throughout 1915.

At the Public Mortuary 1,278 post mortem examinations were made as compared with 980 in 1915. It is difficult to account for the increase in the absence of any epidemic, the small-pox out- break coming too late to make any marked difference; it was pro- bable due to the influx of Chinese from Canton, etc., during the troubles in China.

During the year 19,016 rats were examined, being 3,124 more than last year. Only 29 were found to be plague-infected as compared with 76 in 1915.

In December there was an outbreak of small-pox which was extending at the close of the year, but Kowloon was not seriously affected till the latter half of the month.

KOWLOON-CANTON RAILWAY,

The health of the European and Asiatic staff has been good throughout the year.

Unceasing efforts have been made during the last four years to teach the Chinese staff the value of quinine in malaria and that it has not been in vain is evidenced by the large decrease of the disease among them and their constant application for the drug. As usual, intra-muscular injections have been used whenever possible.

The medicine chests in the trains and at the stations have been kept replenished.

KOWLOON AND NEW TERRITORIES.

The year has been marked by the freedom from plague and the outbreak of small-pox in December.

3

M 54

Only 14 cases of plague were sent to the Public Mortuary as compared with 79, 248, and 36 in the three previous years.

The dispensary at Tai Po market treated 393 people as com- pared with 307 in 1915. At the Railway dispensary at Tai Po 249 people were treated.

The British schools and the missionary establishments have been visited regularly and the conditions found were very satisfactory. All the scholars of these various schools were vaccinated by us or privately during the month of December.

POLICE FORCE.

The health of all the ranks has been very satisfactory and malaria amongst those in the New Territories has diminished con- siderably.

I have to thank the Force for the courtesy and consideration shown me on all occasions and for their help during the vaccination rush in December.

KOWLOON DISPENSARY.

The work is increasing steadily and a satisfactory feature of the increase is that the Chinese aversion to Western medicine is obviously becoming less and less marked.

The following figures give the percentages of the different races attending the Dispensary

1st half 1916,.

2nd half 1916,..

.་རྒྱུུ་.༔

Chinese.

Indian,

Other Races.

23.80

57.59

18.61

33.93

41.53

24.54

The Chinese are mainly of the coolie class from Yaumati and Hung Hom and it is extremely satisfactory to note that at least three times the number attend now as did four years ago,

During the year 86 serious cases of illness, mainly severe in- juries, were removed by ambulance to the hospitals in Victoria and 59 ambulance cases were removed to the Kwong Wa Hospital.

In addition to the figures already given for the dispensary, 115 people attended as "cholera suspects" and 5,522 came to be vaccinated, so that 12,726 people actually came to my house during the year.

The number of prescriptions dispensed shows an increase of 600-5,334 as compared with 4,734 during 1915.

**

M 55

TABLE OF CASES TREATED AT KOWLOON DISPENSARY.

DISEASES.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Small-pox,

Measles,.....

Whooping Cough,

Influenza,

Dysentery,

Mumps,

Plague,

Malarial Fever:

(a) Quartan,

(b) Simple Tertian, (c) Malignant,

(d) Mixed Infection, Malarial Cachexia, Beri-beri,..

Chicken-pox,..

Tuberculosis :-

(a) Glands,

(b) Skin,

(c) Lung,

(d) Bone,

(e) General T. B.,

Leprosy,

Scarlet Fever,

Syphilis :-

(a) Primary,. (b) Secondary, (c) Inherited,

Gonorrhoea, Rheumatism,... Rheumatic Fever,...

Gout,

New Growths :-

(a) Non-malignant,

(b) Malignant,

Anæmia,

Debility,

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System :-

Sub-section I :-

Neuritis,..

Carried forward,

YEARLY TOTAL.

Admis-

Deaths.

sions.

3

21

92

134

114

27

3

134

210

68

21

10

རྞྞ ཨྠ བོ ྂས ཋ ཡ

::

5

30

2

6

3

1

76

:

32

114

284

ار

71

1 23

2

80

130

33

1,748

CO

3

M 56

TABLE OF CASES TREATED AT KOWLOON DISPENSARY,— Continued.

DISEASES.

Brought forward,.

LOCAL DISEASES,—Continued.

Diseases of the Nervous System,—Continued.

Sub-section II :—

Chorea,

Epilepsy,

Neuralgia,

Hysteria,

Sub-section III :-

Delusional Insanity,.

YEARLY TOTAL.

Amis- Deaths.

sions.

1.748

:3

...

Diseases of the Eye,

351

Ear,

255

J:

27

Nose,

24

A

27

>>

Circulatory System,

38

A A

A

Respiratory System,

862

1

""

Digestive System,

1,035

:

22

Lymphatic System,

80

Urinary System,

68

وو

>>

""

93

Generative System,

14

""

""

Male Organs,...........

36

19

>>

Female Organs,.

33

>>

35

General.......

Injuries --

Local,

Organs of Locomotion,

Cellular Tissue, Skin,

Minor Operations,

Malformations,

Poisons:

Centipede Bite,..... Dog Bite,

Human Bite,.

Ptomaine Poisoning,

Opium Poisoning,

61

388

568

:

7

729

7

2

3

78

3

Scabies,

308

Parasites:-

Ascaris Lumbricoides,

177

Fil. Medinensis.

7

Pediculi, Vestimenti,

Effects of Heat, Sprue,

Physical Examination,

I

2

5

86

Total,....

7,089

4

:

A:

M 57

Annexe J.

Number of Confinements attended by Government Midwives in 1916.

1916.

Shauki-Yaumati. Tai Po.

Yuu

Tsun

Total.

wan.

Long.

Wan.

January,

23

13

1

1

February,

17

12

2

March,...

11

16

April,

13

17

May,

16

16

June,

19

15

July,

27

15

11-199

2 -

Angust,

16

17

September,

25

15

October,

39

18

November,. 29

15

December,

34

17

22102 2

38

31

28

31

34

-37

44

35

44

63

47

1

55

Total,

269

186

21

11

1

488

* This appointment was made in November.

M 58

Annexe K,

TUNG WA HOSPITAL.

REPORT BY DR. C. W. MCKENNY, Visiting Medical Officer.

It gives me much pleasure to thank the Chairman (Mr. U King Shue) and the Directors for the generous and efficient management of the affairs of this institution.

Buildings and Equipment.-The buildings have been suitably maintained during the year. No structural alterations have been made.

Staff-Dr. G. H. Thomas has again performed the duties of Resident Medical Officer in a satisfactory manner.

Dr. Teh Lean-swee acted with success as Assistant House Surgeon and Physician till June when he resigned in order to take up private practice in Penang. Dr. Cheah Tiang-eam (M.B., B.S., Hongkong University) has taken over the duties.

University Students (Medical Clinic).—During the year as heretofore students have attended for lectures, case-taking, anesthetic and obstetrical work in this hospital.

A special wing of the hospital, consisting of two large and six small wards, has been set apart for European treatment of medical cases and arrangements have been made in order to facilitate students in their studies and research.

The following figures express the comparative results of Eastern and Western treatment. It should be understood that all cases admitted are diagnosed by a staff trained in European methods and who are graduates of the local University. It is then quite open to the patient to choose whichever of the two forms of treatment he may desire. An exception has, of course, to be made with those persons whose condition involves legal or public health problems or where either public safety or general sanitation are in question.

The total number of in-patients (5,480) were divided thus:-

Cases treated by native methods :--

Original choice,

Transferred from Western treatment,

Less transferred to Western treatment,

Total,...

A

3,417 226

3,643 941

2,702

M 59

Cases treated by Western methods:-

Original choice,

2,063

Transferred from native treatment,

941.

3,004

Less transferred to native treatment,

226

2,778

As the total number of cases treated was 5,480, it will be seen that of this number 50-7% were under European and 49.3% under Eastern treatment. Last year the figures were respectively 52.3% and 47·7%. There is thus a small falling off in the percentage of Western treatment as compared with 1915 but this is largely explained by the number of persons admitted during the earlier part of the year whose complaints were of an insignificant nature and who really were seeking refuge from the troubles in Canton. Almost all of these were under Chinese treatment.

Death Rates.

Deaths under native treatment,

"

Western treatment,

...1,022 i.e. 37·8% 411 i.e. 14.8%

These death rates can hardly be considered as accurately representing the mortality in the hospital as they include 562 moribund cases distributed as follows:---

Native treatment, Western,

...

...437 ...125

If these be deducted we may consider the following to be accurate :--

Native treatment 2,265 cases with 585 deaths i.e. 25'8% mortality. Western

2,653

"

286

22

10.7%

""

In the appended Tables a comparison of the results in the treatment of certain diseases is shown:

(4.) Diseases for which there is a specific remedy

:-

Western.

Eastern.

No. of

Death rate

No. of

Death rate

Disease.

cases.

percentage.

cases.

percentage.

Diphtheria,

3

33.3%

3

100 %

Malaria,

190

13.6%

121

61.9%

Syphilis,..

67

4·4%

72

13.8%

(B.)--Diseases for which, at present, there is no specific remedy: ---

Lobar pneumonia,

136

23.5%

115

64.3%

Beri-beri,

339

24.7%

367

49.8%

Typhoid fever,.....

19

42.1%

18

88.8%

Pulmonary phthisis, 208

32.2%

252

61.1%

M 60

OUT-PATIENT DEPARTMENT.

Native treatment (new and old cases),

...

115,020

Western

...

18,002

It will be seen that of the total (133,022) 86.4% received Eastern and 13.6% Western remedies. This compares with 86.6% and 13.4% in 1915. This ratio appears to be almost constant and rarely shows marked variation from year to year.

While doubtless there is scope for improvement, the fact that the Eastern sees and re-prescribes for the same patient daily whereas the Western physician frequently instructs the patient to return at intervals of three to seven days, will always tend to show a large apparent advantage numerically to the former.

REMARKS ON SPECIAL DISEASES.

Beri-beri.--In all 706 cases were treated with 267 deaths, i.e., 37.8%. In 1915 there were 685 cases with 28.1 % mortality.

This disease still heads the list as the most important numerical- ly. During the year 22 cases of beri-beri were under special observation. These men were picked cases in the following respects:-

(1) They did not show organic lesions other than those of

beri-beri.

(2) Their condition on admission was not that of collapse.

(3) They were young (20 to 35 years) and moderately

well nourished.

Various therapeutic methods were adopted and the patients were detained in hospital for a period averaging about five weeks. They were then discharged to their native places and re-examined after one month.

The results were good as there were no deaths, about 90% of the patients returned to their work and only about 10% were still unfit to earn their living. About 25% appeared to be completely cured and did not show any results of the disease.

Kidney Diseases. - 360 cases were under treatment as against 169 in 1915.

It is interesting to note that some of the most common causes of chronic nephritis among Western nations, e.g., scarlatina and excessive consumption of alcohol or meat cannot be held responsible to any large extent among Cantonese. Scarlatina for practical purposes does not occur among the coolie class, from which most of the hospital patients come, and excess in meat or alcohol is

rare.

I

M 61

Malaria. -There were 311 cases treated with 101 deaths, i.e., 32-8 %. In 1915 there were 451 cases with 179 % mortality.

The following were the various types found :---

Malignant,

Benign tertian,

Malarial cachexia,

Mixed infection,

Quartan,

...270 cases with 90 deaths.

11 3

"

0

25

9

""

""

**

The usual routine as to treatment was observed.

Plague.Ten cases with nine deaths were recorded. There

were twelve cases with nine deaths in 1915.

OBSTETRICAL DEPARTMENT.

Cases of normal labour,

abnormal labour,

"

Total,...

195

17

212 with no deaths.

CLASSIFICATION OF ABNORMAL LABOUR.

Delayed labour requiring forceps delivery,

Transverse presentation,

Breech presentation,

Persistent occipito-posterior,

Retained placenta,

Eclampsia,

Abortion and miscarriage,

...

6231212

Total,...

17

A steady advance has thus taken place in the work of this department. In 1914 there were 87 cases, in 1915 there were 172 cases, and in this year 212. All cases are treated by Western

methods.

SURGICAL DEPARTMENT.

The progress and operative results have been satisfactory. There were 244 general operations with 7 deaths, i.e., 28%. This compares with 208 and 44% in 1915.

Eye Department.--This has been as in previous years under the care of Dr. Harston.

I append four tabular statements.

M 62

1.-GENERAL COMPARATIVE STATISTICS.

Cases remaining in hospital at the end of

the previous year,

Admissions during the year,

...

Remaining in hospital at the end of the

year,

Cases transferred to the Civil Hospital, Males treated,

...

Females treated,..

Cases brought in dead,

Bodies sent to the Public Mortuary,..... Free burials,

Destitutes sheltered,

...

1916.

1915.

232

239

...

5,248

4,557

263

232

...

· 93

64

4,263

3,822

1,217

974

A

1,659

1,288

724

591

4,411

3,336

745

777

1916. 1915.

4,831

823

32

15

45

21

4,908

859

2.--SUMMARY OF VACCINATIONS FOR THE YEAR.

Tung Wa Hospital,

Stanley,

Aberdeen,

Total,

NOTE:-Vaccinations are now in charge of the Chinese Public

Dispensaries at Shaukiwan, Deep Water Bay, and Yaumati.

3.-CLASSIFICATION OF GENERAL OPERATIONS.

Amputations:--

Upper extremity, Lower extremity,

New Growths:

Malignant :-

...

::

...

Malignant glands of neck-excision, Cancer of uterus-exploratory—

inoperable,

Cancer of liver-exploratory,

rectum-exploratory-

inoperable,

Cancer of breast-removal,

Sarcoma of testes-castration,

temporal muscle-

removal,

Benign :-

Papilloma,

Sebaceous cyst,

Nevus....

...

2 N

3

1 death.

2

1

...

I death.

1 death,

1

1

1

1

4

9

12

Epulis,...

Lipoma,

Fibroma,

Keloid,...

Condyloma of anus,

3

...

2

Carried forward,

38

3 deaths.

M 63

Plastic operations,

Brought forward,

38

3 deaths.

...

3

7

Intravenous injection of Salvarsan,

Removal of foreign bodies,.......

Abcesses, cellulitis, fractures and dislocations,

etc., treated under general anaesthesia, ...

Digestive System :-

Alveolar abscess, etc.,-extraction

of teeth,

...

72

6

4

...

1 death.

1

1 death.

8

7

Liver abscess,

Cirrhosis of liver-omentopexy,

Inguinal hernia-Bassini's,

Appendicitis,

Hæmorrhoids-Excision,

Prolapse of rectum,

...

Fistula-in-ano and ischio-rectal

abscess,

Nasal Polypi-removal,

Empyema-resection of rib,

Respiratory System:-

Tracheotomy,

Genito-Urinary System:-

Male:-

Phimosis-circumcision,

13

RS IN

2

2

2 deaths.

3

Hydrocele-radical,

Hæmatocele- radical,

Urethral calculus-extraction, Vesical calculus-suprapubic,

14

2

1

1

7

Đ

6

Urethral stricture-urethrotomy

or rapid dilatation,

Female:--

Ovarian cyst- removal,

Endometritis--curettement,

Perineorrhaphy,..

Circulatory System :-

Aneurysm, femoral-ligation of

external iliac,

Aneurysm, external iliac-ligation

of common iliac,

Varicose veins-ligature of inter-

nal saphenous,

Osteomyelitis-sequestrectomy,... Necrosis of jaw-

Osseous System :-

Hamopoietic System:-

"

Excision of tuberculous glands,...

Total,...

1

2

I

11

7

6

244 with 7 deaths.

M 64

OPHTHALMIC DEPARTMENT.

New Cases, ...

Old Cases,

Total,...

Classification of New Cases.

Diseases of the Conjunctiva :-

Trachoma,

Conjunctivitis,

Phlyctenular conjunctivitis, Pterygium,

Gonorrhoeal ophthalmia,

Diseases of the Cornea:

Corneal opacities,

Corneal ulcers,

Keratitis,

...

...

...

2,184

1,235

3,419

946

73

28

47

...

41

...

284

203

46

1

2

Conical cornea,

Facetting of the cornea,

Staphyloma,

Xerosis,

Diseases of the Uveal Tract :

Iritis and irido-cyclitis,

Diseases of the Lens :-

Cataract,

Diseases of the Eyelids :-

Entropion & trichiasis, Meibomian cyst, ...

Blepharitis,...

Foreign body in eye,

Diseases of the Eyeball:-

Phthisis bulbi,

Claucoma,

:

...

440

...

10

:

***

1

125

34

79

7

...

36

19

6

...

18

31 147

2,184

Diseases of the Choroid, Retina, and Optic

Nerve, ...

Errors of Refraction,

Total,...

...

4.-CLASSIFICATION OF EYE OPERATIONS.

Iridectomy and Iridotomy...

38

Cataract,

...

...

9

Pterygium,

...

13

Entropion,

...

...

32

Glaucoma Sclero-corneal trephining,

...

Enucleation of eyeball,

Total,...

103.

M 65

KWONG WA HOSPITAL, YAUMATI.

(Affiliated to the Tung Wa Hospital.)

Number of patients remaining at the end of 1915,...

Number of patients admitted during 1916, Number of deaths during 1916,

...

D

85

...2,405

498

...

M 66

Table I.

Diseases and Deaths in 1916 at the Tung Wa Hospital.

DISEASES.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

ing in Cases Hospital

at end of 1915.

Admis-

Deaths.

Treated.'at end of

sions.

1916.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Small-pox, (Moribund),

Measles,

Chicken-pox,

Lobar Pneumonia,

CC

5

2

249

106

251

5

Diphtheria,

Typhoid Fever,

Erysipelas,

6

4

1

36

24

37

2

2

Septicæmia,

32

25

32

Tetanus,

14

10

14

Plague,

10

9

10

Cholera,

1

I

Dysentery,

2

214

62

216

8

Beri-beri,

41

665

267

706

43

Leprosy,

6

6

:

Malarial Fever :—

(a) Quartan,.....

3

3

(b) Benign Tertian,

11

11

...

(c) Malignant,

8

262

90

270

2

(d) Mixed Infection,

2

2

2

(e) Malarial Cachexia,

1

24

25

3

Syphilis :-

(a) Acquired,

11

127

13

138

(b) Inherited,

1

1

Tuberculosis:-

(a) Phthisis Pulmonalis,

16

444

221

460

(6) Generalised,

1

68

28

Gonorrhoea,

21

Rheumatism,

4

65

9

8858

24

69

21

2

69

New Growths:

(a) Non-malignant,...

3

3

(b) Malignant...

9

4

9

Anaemia,

1

19

1

20

Senile Debility,

93

47

100

14

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System

Meningitis, Brain and Cord,

Carried forward,

13

343

87

356

21

108

2,744 1,028

2,852

122

M 67

Table 1,-(Continued).

Diseases and Deaths in 1916 at the Tung Wa Hospital.

DISEASES.

Remain- ing in Hospital

Yearly Total.

Remain-

Total

Cases

1915.

at end of Admis- Deaths. Treated.

sions.

ing in Hospital at end of 1916.

Brought forward,.

108

2,744 1,028

2,852

122

LOCAL DISEASES,- Continued.

Epilepsy,

Hysteria,

Mental Diseases,

18

151

7

:

སས་ྲ ོ

162

7

13

Diseases of the Eye,

Diseases of the Ear, Nose and Throat,

Diseases of the Circulatory System (a) Diseases of the Heart,

(b)

Arteries,

Diseases of the Respiratory System:- (a) Diseases of the Bronchi,

1

44

...

(b)

27

""

"}

""

Pleuræ,

31

480

143

511

24

Lungs,....

Diseases of the Digestive System:-

(a) Diseases of the gastro-intestin-

al tract,......

12

233

70

295

(b) Discases of the Liver,

3

34

2

37

30 00

8

3

(c)

"J

Biliary pass-

ages,

(b)

>>

(b) Female,

(d)

Diseases of the Urinary System:-

(a) Diseases of the Kidney,

Diseases of the Lymphatic System:-

(a) Spleen,

(b) Lymphatic glands,

Diseases of the Thyroid Gland,..

Diseases of the Generative System :-

(a) Male,

Diseases of Bones and Joints,

Pancreas,

00 01

3

2

♡ 21

352

137

360

21

Urinary pass-

ages,

Co

3

4

4

1

1

2

1

2

10

:

1

12

00 10

2

10

8

13

7

1

7

the Cellular Tissue,

41

447

15

488

32

39

"

the Skin,

14

14

Injuries,

14

339

353

16

Effects of heat or cold,

Poisons:-

(a) Opium Habit,

Parasites:-

(a) Intestinal, (6) Filaria,

Labour,......

16

16

3

73

23

76

14

17

17

1

1

212

212

10

::2

Total...

232

5,248

1,433 5,480

263

M 68

Table II.

Showing the Admissions and Mortality in the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1916, with the proportion of cases treated by Western and Chinese methods respectively.

DISEASES.

WESTERN TREATMENT.

CHINESE TREATMENT.

Admis-

Admis-

Deaths.

Deaths.

sions.

sions.

GENERAL DISEASES.

Small-pox, (Moribund),

2

6

Co

6

Chicken-pox,

1

Measles,

2

Lobar Pneumonia,

136

32

115

74

Diphtheria,

3

3

3

Typhoid Fever,

19

8

18

16

Erysipelas,

2

Septicæmia,.

11

Tetanus,

6

Plague,

Cholera,

Dysentery,

102

21

Beri-beri,

339

Leprosy,

:::

21

19

3

8

7

6

6

1

114

41

84

367

183

...

Malarial Fever:

(a) Quartan,

3

(b) Benign Tertian,

7

4

(c) Malignant,

168

23

102

(d) Mixed Infection,..

1

1

(e) Malarial Cachexia,

11

Syphilis :-

(a) Acquired,

66

3

72

(b) Inherited,

1

12:

14

Tuberculosis :--

(a) Phthisis Pulmonalis,

208

67

252

(b) Generalised,

22

6

47

Gonorrhoea,

8

Rheumatism,

New Growths :-

(a) Non-malignant,

27

3

42

2132

154

12:

67

7

10

22

3

(b) Malignant,

4

2

Auæmia,

11

Senile Debility,

38

14

Sori

9

62

33

213

LOCAL DISEASES.

Diseases of the Nervous System

Meningitis, Brain and Cord,.

189

31

167

56

Carried forward, 1,401

312

1,451

716

M

M 69

Table II,-(Continued).

Showing the Admissions and Mortality in the Tung Wa Hospital during the year 1916, with the proportion of cases treated by Europeau and Chinese methods respectively.

WESTERN TREATMENT.

CHINESE TREATMENT.

DISEASES.

Admis-

Deaths.

sions.

Admis- sions.

Deaths.

Brought forward,.....

LOCAL DISEASES, Continued.

Epilepsy,

Hysteria,

Mental Diseases,.

Diseases of the Eye,

Diseases of the Ear, Nose and Throat,

Diseases of the Circulatory System:

(a) Diseases of the Heart,....

(b)

"

Arteries,

Diseases of the Respiratory System :-

(a) Diseases of the Bronchi,

(b)

"

""

""

Pleuræ, Lungs,......

1,401

312 1,451

716

Diseases of the Digestive System :--

(a) Diseases of the gastro-intestinal tract,

(b)

Liver,

""

(c)

"}

29

Biliary passages,

(rl)

Pancreas,

22

1

2

18

162

5

0.00

1

2

5

1

1

1

:

203

39

308

104

.

127

19

168

51

13

24

2

2

1

:

:

Diseases of the Urinary System :-

(a) Diseases of the Kidney,

(b)

"

>>

Diseases of the Lymphatic System :-

(a) Spleen,

() Lymphatic glands,

Diseases of the Thyroid Gland,

Diseases of the Generative System

(a) Male,..

(b) Female,.......

162

36

198

101

Urinary passages,

3

1

1

...

1

1

Diseases of Bones and Joints,

2

the Cellular Tissue,

226

1

"7

the Skin,

5

""

Injuries,

167

186

ོརྵ ིི ༠ -༣ ཕ་

2

6

1

14

1

Effects of heat or cold,

Poisons:-

(a) Opium Habit,

Parasites:-

(a) Intestinal, (b) Filaria,

Labour,

12

4

15

1

61

22

16

1

212

Total,.

2,778

411

2,702

1,022

M 70

M

Annexe L.

ALICE MEMORIAL HOSPITAL.

Number of Patients remaining at end of 1915,

Number of Patients admitted during 1916,

Number of Deaths during 1916,

...108.

ALICE MEMORIAL MATERNITY HOSPITAL.

Number of Patients remaining at end of 1915,

7

Number of Patients admitted during 1916,

W

...

...602

Number of Deaths during 1916,

12

NETHERSOLE HOSPITAL.

Number of Patients remaining at end of 1915, Number of Patients admitted during 1916, ...

Number of Deaths during 1916,

...

HO MIU LING HOSPITAL.

Number of Patients remaining at end of 1915,

Number of Patients admitted during 1916, Number of Deaths during 1916,

37

...568

41

22

...

...385

23

R

M 71

Annexe M.

BACTERIOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.

Report by Dr. H. MACFARLANE, Bacteriologist.

THE PREPARATION OF CALF LYMPH.

:

Seventeen calves were inoculated (9 in 1915). The total number of tubes of lymph issued was 23,167 (7,294 in 1915). The value of the lymph according to Government Notification No. 380 of 1910 was $8,680.50 ($3,217.00 in 1915).

ROUTINE EXAMINATIONS.

Under this heading are grouped the various examinations of materials sent in. The number was 91,842 as compared with 90,398 in 1915, of which ninety odd thousand were the examination of rats for plague :-

New Growths, Examination by section, Widal's Reaction for the bacillus typhosus,

""

""

39

paratyphoid B.,.......

dysenteriæ,

Examination by culture for bacillus diphtheria,

""

""

""

"

vibro of cholera,......

typhoid carriers,..

section for Negri body,

Microscopical examination for malaria parasites

and differential count of leucocytes,....................... of blood for syphilis by dark ground con- denser,

of stools for eggs,......

148

354.

354

2

158

33

13

1

103

་་; ུ

*** **

1

7

"

amœbæ,... tubercle

9

""

bacillus,

of sputum for tubercle

bacillus,

of urine for tubercle

bacillus,

1

141

2

Carried forward,......

1,327

p

M 72

Brought forward,................

Microscopical examination of urine for cancer

"

23

>>

""

"

""

""

>:

cells,

of urine for casts,...... of pus for organisms,..

of pleural effusion for

tubercle bacillus,

for gonococcus,

filaria,..

...

bacillus of leprosy,

""

多多

"

Rideal Walker estimation for disinfectants, Animal inoculation for tubercle bacillus, Bacteriological examination of water,.

3"

59

Wassermann's syphilis reaction,

Preparation of autogenous vaccines,

plague,

1,327

1

1

1 30 ∞

1 2 3 NEN

3 2

1

2

1

76

for cholera...

10

110

2

23

90,261

4

Medico-legal examination of clothing, knives, &c., for

blood,

Examination of rats for plague,

Miscellaneous,

.....

Total,

91,842

EXAMINATION OF RATS.

The results are given in Table 1. The total number of rats examined was 90,261 as compared with 88,896 in 1915. 48 were found to be plague-infected (22 in 1915).

BACTERIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF WATER.

The three chief water supplies of the Colony (Kowloon, Tytam and Pokfulum) were examined quarterly and the results are given in Tables II, III and IV.`

In every case the sample was taken at its source, i.e., either directly before or directly after filtration.

The methods used in carrying out the examinations were the same as those described in my "Report on an Investigation of the Pokfulum Water Supply" (No. 20 of 1911).

INVESTIGATION.

Epizootic Abortion.-This work has been carried on during

and the first results are expected during 1917.

the year;

.*

- M 73

Table I.

The Examination (post mortem) of Rats.

Month.

Total, Male. Female.

Plague Preg- infected nant.

Strychnine

poison.

Newly born and

not classified.

January,

7,915 3.934 3,981

:

515

187

February,

7,038 3,502 3,536

:

399

:

180

March,

67

8,036 3,990

4,046

:

543

233

April,

7,354 3,620

3,734

10

462

153

May,

7,508 3,745

3,763

2

509

187

June,

6,740 3,327

3,413

2

444

July,

7,022 3,560 3,462

396

August,

7,235 3,603 3,632

477

September,

7,630 3,809

3,821

496

October,

November, 7,948 3,897 4,031

December,...... 7,673 3,772 3,901

8,162 4,041 4,121

4

555

:

:

:

:

189

208

184

244

224

23

539

306

204

7

530 1,326

169

Total, 90,261 44,800 | 45,461

48

5,865 1,632 2,362

Table II.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Kowloon Water Supply for the year 1916.

Rate Total Colo-

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

Salt Peptone Water.

of

nies on

Presence of the Coli Group.

Sample.

Date.

Agarin 1 cc

Filtra-

at 37° C. for

tion.

24 hours. cc.

1 cc.

2 cc.

5 cc.

10 cc. 20 cc. | 50 cc.

Unfiltered,

4-1-16.

Filtered,

4-1-16.

552

Unfiltered,

6-1-16.

35

10:19

5

Filtered,

6-1-16. 552

5

Unfiltered,

8-1-16.

40

Filtered,

8-1-16. 553

10

Unfiltered,

4-4-16.

85

+

Filtered,

4-4-16. 527

25

Unfiltered,

6-4-16.

60

Filtered,

6-4-16. 534

15

Unfiltered,

8-4-16.

50

...

Filtered,

8-4-16. 540

5

Unfiltered,

4-7-16.

70

Filtered,

4-7-16.

560

6

Unfiltered,

6-7-16.

80

Filtered,

6-7-16. 441

8

Unfiltered,

8-7-16.

85

Filtered,

8-7-16. 565

10

Unfiltered,

3-10-16.

15

Filtered,

3-10-16. 624

5

Unfiltered, 5-10-16.

25

Filtered,... 5-10-16. 610

10

Unfiltered, 7-10-16.

30

Filtered, 7-10-16.

608

15

{ [ + ] + | + | + | + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 | | +1 +1

11 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1+1 [ + ] + [ + ] + } + 1 + 1 + 1 + | | | | | +1

+1 +1 +1 +++ 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 ++++

+++++++++

++++++++

+++

Groups I, III, & IV in 20 cc. Negative in 50 cc.

Groups II, III & IV in 2 cc. Negative in 50 cc.

Group II in 2 cc.

Group III in 50 cc.

Group IV in 2 cc.

Groups I & IV in 20 cc.

Groups III & IV in 2 cc. Groups I & IV in 50 cc. Groups I, III & IV in 2 cc. Negative up to 50 cc.

Group IV in 2 cc. Group IV in 50 ce.

Group III in 2 cc. Group IV in 50 cc.

Groups I & III in 2 cc.

Group I in 50 cr.

Group III in 20 ee.

Group III in 50 ec.

Group III in 10 ce.

Group III in 20 ce

Group IV in 5 ce.

Group I in 20 cc.

All samples taken either immediately before or

immediately after filtration. The rate of filtration is given by the Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli Group is that of MacConkey,

+

Acid' and Gas

Acid only;

No change.

M 74

I

Table III.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Tytam Water Supply for the year 1916.

Rate Total Colo-

nies on

Filtra-Agar in 1 ce

of

Sample.

Date.

tion.

at 37°C. for

24 hours. cc.

1

TO

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

Unfiltered,

Filtered,

3-1-16.

40

3-1-16. 592

10

Unfiltered,

5-1-16.

65

Filtered,

5-1-16.

564

5

Unfiltered,

7-1-16.

55

Filtered.

7-1-16. 413

20

Unfiltered,

3-4-16.

30

Filtered,

3-4-16. 600

9

Unfiltered,

5-4-16.

20

Filtered,

5-4-16. 537

5

Unfiltered,

7-4-16.

15

Filtered,

7-4-16.

600

5

Unfiltered,

3-7-16.

25

Filtered,

3-7-16. 744

15

Unfiltered,

5-7-16.

20

Filtered,

5-7-16. 726

10

Unfiltered, 7-7-16.

50

Filtered,

7~7-16. 728

Unfiltered,

2-10-16.

40

Filtered,

2-10-16. 760

15

Unfiltered, 4-10-16. Filtered, Unfiltered, 6-10-16. Filtered, 6-10-16. 699

25

4-10-16. 720

5

80

10

| + | | | + ||

[+1 +1 | | | |

Salt Peptone Water.

Presence of the Coli Group.

1 cc.

2 cc.

5 cc. 10 cc. 20 cc. | 50 cc.

+1 +1 +

++

Group IV in 2 cc.

[ + ] + + + | + | [

1 + + + 1 + 1 + 1 +

! + ¦ + + + 1 + 1 | | + | ! ++++.| + | + |+

+ 1 + 1 + 1+++++ | + | + | + | ++++++

++++++ | + | + | + | ++++++ + 1 + 1 +

++++++ | ++++++

++

Group IV in 50 cc. Group I in T cc.

Groups I & IV in 50 cc. Group III in 1 cc.

Groups I & III in 10 cc. Group I in 15 ce. Group IV in I cc.

Groups I & IV in 1 cc.

Group I in 2 cc.

Group IV in 5 ce. Group I in 20 cc. Group III in 2 cc. Group I in 20 cc. Group III in 5 cc.

Group III in 20 cc. Group III in

To

cc.

Groups I & II in 50 ce.

Group II in 15 ce.

Group IV in 1 cc.

Group IV in i ce.

Group IV in 5 ce

Group IV in 1 cc.

Groups II & IV in 5 cc.

All samples taken either immediately before or immediately after filtration.

The rate of filtration is given by the

Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli Group is that of MacConkey,

+

Acid and Gas

;

Acid only ;

No change.

- M 75 -

Table IV.

Results of the Bacteriological Examination of the Fokfulum Water Supply for the year 1916.

Rate Total Colo-

nies on !

MacConkey's Lactose Neutral Red Bile

of

Sample.

Date.

Filtra- Agarin1 ce

jat 37° C. for{

tion.

24 hours. cc.

Salt Peptone Water.

Presence of the Coli Group.

1 cc.

2 cc.

5 cc.

10 cc. | 20 cc. | 50 cc.

M 76 -

Unfiltered,

3-1-16.

35

Filtered,

3-1-16.

450

5

Unfiltered,

5-1-16.

60

Filtered,

5-1-16.

450

Unfiltered,

7-1-16.

70

Filtered,

7-1-16.

500

40

Unfiltered,

3-4-16.

125

Filtered, ...

3-4-16.

450

29

Unfiltered, i

5-4-16.

45

Filtered, ...

5-4-16.

500

10

Unfiltered,

7-4-16.

20

Filtered,

7-4-16. 400

5

Unfiltered,

3-7-16.

40

Filtered,

3-7-16. 800

5

Unfiltered,

5-7-16.

15

Filtered,

5-7-16. 800

2

Unfiltered,

7-7-16.

50

Filtered,

7-7-16. 800

20

Unfiltered,. 2-10-16.

70

Filtered,

2-10-16. 800

5

Unfiltered,

4-10-16.

60

Filtered,

4-10-16. 800

+

Unfiltered,

6-10-16.

80

Filtered,

6-10-16. 700

15

11 +1 +1 ++ } } { [ + ] ] ] +1 +1 +1 +1

| | | | + !++}{{│+][+

+1 +1 +1 +++++1 +1 1 1 + 1 + + + !+I

+ 1 + 1 + ++++++ 1 + 1 + 1 + !++++++

+ 1 + + ++++++ 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 +++ !++

++ 1 + 1 +

++++++++ 1 + 1 +++++++++++

++

+++ 1 +

Group IV in 2 cc.

Negative in 50 cc.

Groups I and III in 1 cc. Negative in 50 cc.

Groups I and IV in 7% ce. Group III in 5 cc.

Groups I and IV in cc. Group I in

ce.

Group III in 2 cc.

Group IV in 5 cc.

Group I in 2 cc.

Groups I and III in 20 cc.

Group I in

cc.

Group II in 50 ec.

Groups I and IV in 5 cc.

Negative up to 50 ce. Group III in ce.

Groups III and IV in 20 ce. Groups I and II in 1 cc.

Group III in 2 cc,

Group IV in 1 ee.

Group II in 10 ce.

Group II in 1 cc.

Group IV in 5 cc.

All samples taken either immediately before or immediately after filtration. The rate of filtration is given by the Water Authority in gallons per square yard per day. Classification of the Coli Group is that of MacConkey, + Acid and Gas I Acid only;

No change.

1

M 77

Annexe N.

PUBLIC MORTUARY, VICTORIA.

REPORT BY THE GOVERNMENT BACTERIOLOGIST.

Report on Post Mortem Examinations.

Male bodies examined,

Female bodies examined,...

Total,..

1916.

1915.

1,848

1,171

1,859

1,154

3,707

2,325

Claimed bodies sent from hospital and

other places,

2,712

1,979

Unclaimed bodies mostly abandoned,

995

346

Total.......

3,707

2,325

Epitome of Causes of Death.

I.-General Diseases,

1916.

1915.

2,106

1,220

II-Local Diseases :-

(a) Of the Nervous System,

11

2

(b)

""

Circulatory System,

89

57

"

Respiratory System,

888

559

(d)

""

Digestive System,

505

368

...

(e)

Genito-Urinary System,.

18.

45

(f)

Osseous System,

III.-Deaths from Violence,...

1

2

89

72

Total,..

3,707

2,325

M 78

General Diseases.

1916. 1915.

(b.) Of the Circulatory System,-Contd.

1916. 1915.

Small-pox,

351

10

Plague,

11

34

· Aortitis,

Cholera,

4

8

Beri-beri,

73

32

Leprosy,

4

Malaria,

111

68

Brought forward, 19

Rupture of aneurism of

aorta,

Atheroma of coronary arteries, 1

aorta,...

15

1

"

Joy

Septicemia,

25

17

Puerperal septicemia,

1

Fatty degeneration of heart, 7 Valvular disease of heart,

6131

5

1

1

42

38

Diphtheria,...

30

41

Typhoid fever,

49

40

Measles,

12

Patent foramen ovale,

Congenital heart disease, Cardiac failure,

9

ON

2

General tuberculosis,

188

60

Prematurity,

190

94

Total,

S9

57

Marasmic condition,

422

354

Anencephalia,

1

Syphilis,

296

234

Still-born,

94

54

Atelectasis,

70

43

General debility,

(c.) Of the Respiratory System:—

Broncho-pneumonia and

1916. 1915.

Icterus neonatorum,

19

5

bronchitis,

549

1

310

Senile decay, ...

3

1

Tuberculous broncho-

Noma,

1

1

pneumonia,

6

possible),...

Skeletons, (no diagnosis

Natural causes,

Decomposed bodies, (no

diagnosis possible),

Lobar pneumonia,

62

70

1

Chronic interstitial pneumonia, 4

1

Syphilitic pneumonia,

5

5

Acute fibrinous pleurisy,

87

54

150 119

Tuberculous pleurisy,

2

Chronic

3

"2

Total,

2,106 1,220

Pulmonary infarction,

11

""

tuberculosis,

Local Diseases.

Abscess of lung,

1

OMN

abscess,

Hydrocephalus,

Total,

(a.) Of the Nervous System:-

Intracranial hæmorrhage,......

Meningitis, ...

Cerebral hæmorrhage,

Convulsions,

Hæmoptysis from tuber-

cular lung,

2

1916. 1915.

Miliary tuberculosis of

212132

lung,

49

43

1 Gangrene of lung,

1

Empyema,

22

سون

1

3

Emphysema,

3

3

Acute phthisis,

33

Chronic

49

26

دو

8888

28

Mediastinal Neoplasm,

11

2

(lympho sarcoma),

Total,

1

888

559

(b.) Of the Circulatory System :-

Acute pericarditis,...

19 16. 1915.

7

2

Chronic

Endocarditis,

солого

Hæmopericardium following

rupture of aneurism,

00

Carried forward,

19

15

(d.) Of the Digestive System :-

1916. 1915.

Tabes mesenterica, .. Septic peritonitis, ...

59

54

29

25

Carried forward,

88

79

M 79

(d.) Of the Digestive System,--Contd.

Brought forward,

1916. 1915.

Injuries (Death from Violence),—Contd. (a.) General,-Contd.

88 79

1916. 1915.

Tubercular peritonitis,

Acute gastro-enteritis,

Acute enteritis,

Cirrhosis of liver, ...

13

4

292

193

Brought forward,

18

10

Asphyxia by water,

22

11

1

by hanging,

11

13

Pyæmic abscess of liver,

Biliary cirrhosis of liver,

Congenital syphilitic disease

4

Opium poisoning,

2

legs,

of liver,

Streptococcal cellulitis of

Gelsenium poisoning,

1

Cancer of liver,

2

2

Burns and scalds,...

8

6

Intra-splenic abscess,

1

Crushed chest,

Ι

Diarrhoea,

35

46

Shock,

Dysentery, ...

18

13

Strangulated hernia,

1

Total,

66 43

Infarction of intestine,

1

2

Tubercle

38

7

""

Suppurative cholangitis,

8

10

(b.) Local:-

Acute intestinal obstruction,

1

3

1916. 1915.

Total,

505 368

Bullet through brain,

7

4

heart,

2

""

aorta,

1

""

""

(e.) Of the Genito-Urinary System :—

22

""

lung,

1

1916. 1915.

Stab wound in heart,

Ι

Acute nephritis,

2

4

Sub-acute nephritis,

1

7

liver.

Chronic nephritis,

6

16

Tubercular nephritis,

1

1

"

""

Granular contracting kidney, 1

8

Abscess of kidney,

wound,

Sarcoma of kidney,...

1

Post partum hæmorrhage,

Rupture of spleen,...

19

Fracture of skull,

spine,...

Hæmorrhage following stab

Hæmorrhage following bullet

wounds,

4

6

1

1151

2

Extra uterine pregnancy,

Placenta prævia,

Total,

23

29

Retained placenta (sapræmia),

Total,

18

45

Nationality of Bodies.

1916. 1915.

(f.) Of the Osseous System :-

Chinese,

...3,687 2,312

1916, 1915.

Japanese,

2

Tubercle of Spine,...

1

British,

7

Vertebræ,

1

Indian,

3

Mastoid Disease,

1

Portuguese,

1

Malay,

1

Total,

2

Dane,

2

American,

Injuries (Death from Violence):--

(a.) General:-

Scotch,

2

Lascar,

1

1916. 1915.

Annamite,

1

Multiple Injuries,

14

7

Swede,

1

Asphyxia by earth,

4

3

Total,

:

3,707 2,325

Carried forward,

18

10

M 80

Total Plague cases,

11

4 unclaimed.

7 claimed.

Total Small-pox cases,...

351

295 unclaimed.

56 claimed.

Number of bodies sent to Mortuary (Victoria) during 1916.

Victoria.

Chinese, .... 3,687 3,458 94

Japanese,

2

2

British,

7

Indian,

:

Co

Portuguese,...... 1

1

:

Malay,

1

1

Dane,

1

1

American,

1

1

:

Scotch,..

2

2

Lascar,

1

1

Total,3,707 3,473 99

:

:

:

:

:

:

:

3

93 39

:

:

Harbour.

:

ون

3

Old Kowloon.

:

New Kowloon.

:

:

Shaukiwan.

Other Villages.

93

39

M 81

the

Annexe O.

PUBLIC MORTUARY, KOWLOON.

REPORT BY DR. J. T. SMALLEY, Medical Officer in Charge.

1. The total number of post mortem examinations made during year was 1,278 as compared with 980 last year and 1,324 in 1914.

2. During the year there were 14 cases of plague and 77 of small-pox as compared with 87 last year and 305 in 1914.

3. The nationalities of the bodies examined were :-

Chinese,..

Indians,

Portuguese,

1,275

2

1

Epitome of the Causes of Death.

I. General Diseases,...

II.-Local Diseases :—

1916.

1915.

461

338

(a) Nervous

(b) Circulatory

System,

93

1

2

10

16

(c) Respiratory.

380

328

""

(d) Digestive

167

97

39

(e) Genito-Urinary System,

17

6

(f) Organs of Locomotion,

3

:

1

(g) Developmental Diseases,

III.-Injuries:-

(a) General,

22

36

(b) Local,...

23

11

IV.--Decomposed Bodies,

197

142

1,278

980

GENERAL DISEASES.

M 82

(b.) Of the Circulatory System

1916, 1915.

1916. 1915.

Pericarditis,

1

4

Plague,

14

79

Anæmia,

1

:

Small-pox,

77

8

Fatty Degeneration of Heart,

1

1

Enteric Fever,

45

23

Aortic Aneurism,

Diphtheria,

12

8

Valvular Disease,

7

Lobar Pneumonia,

30

27

Pyo-pericardium,

1

Cholera,

Suppurative Phlebitis,

1

Measles,

19

Syphilis-Acquired,

Syphilis Congenital,

5

324

10

15

Dysentery,

23

11

Malaria,

43

30

General Tuberculosis,

12

5

(c.) Of the Respiratory System :·

Beri-beri,

13

12

Septicemia,

6

2

1916. 1915

Marasmus,

25

35

Pulmonary Tuberculosis,

38

48

Prematurity,

25

25

Still-birth,

70

44

Empyema,

11

10

Puerperal Septicemia,

Pleurisy,

6

4

1

Atelectasis Pulmonum,

31

29

Senile Decay,

2

Bronchitis,

106

60

Inanition,

13

4

Fibroid Lung,

Tetanus,

Broncho-Pneumonia,

187

177

Icterus Neonatorum,

11

Whooping Cough,

16

Erysipelas,

451

Gangrene of Lung,

Pulmonary Embolism,

Gangrene,

2

380 328

Starvation,

Lardaceous Disease,.....

1

Leprosy,

1

:

461

338

(d.) Of the Digestive System:-

1916. 1915,

Carcinoma of Liver,...

1

Carcinoma of Duodenum,

1

LOCAL DISEASES.

Cirrhosis of Liver,

3

4

Suppurative Peritonitis,

3

Tabes Mesenterica,

10

1

(a.) Of the Nervous System :-

Enteritis,

142

65

Strangulated Hernia,

3

1916. 1915.

Tubercular Peritonitis,

Intra-cranial Hæmorrhage,...

1

Hepatic Abscess,

GO N

12

2

5

Meningitis,

1

Pancreatic Abscess,

1

Convulsions,...

Ankylostomiasis,

1

Hydrocephalus,

Intestinal Obstruction,

2

167

97

(e.) Of the Genito-Urinary System :—

M 83

INJURIES, Continued.

(a.) Generál,--Continued.

Nephritis, Child-birth,

1916. 1915.

15

2

42

17

(f.) Of the Organs of Locomotion :-

1916. 1915.

Brought forward,

15

25

1

7

2

NN

2

6 Multiple Injuries,

Poisoning,

Hanging,

Electric Shock,

22 36

1916. 1915.

Cellulitis of Leg,

Spinal Caries,

1

(b.) Local:

Nil.

2

1916. 1915.

Dislocation of Neck,

Rupture of Spleen,

(g.) Developmental Diseases :-

Gunshot Wound,

2

2

Fracture of Skull,

11

3

1916. 1915

Stab Wound in Heart,

1

1

Spina Bifida,

""

""

Neck,

Malformation of Heart,

1

Chest,

"

N

Abdomen,

""

Nil.

1 Cut Throat,

...

Rupture of Bladder,...

19

Kidney, Liver,

17

INJURIES.

Fractured Pelvis,

(a.) General:

1

1

1

1

23

11

1916. 1915.

Drowning,

13

20

Burns,

Ι

4

Asphyxia,

1916. 1915.

1

DECOMPOSED BODIES,

197 142

Carried forward,... 15

25

M 84

Annexe P.

ANALYST'S DEPARTMENT.

REPORT BY E. R. DOVEY, A.R.C.Sc., Government Analyst.

The number of analyses performed during the year was 1,062 as against 1,051 in 1915.

The following classification shows the nature of the work done :-

I.-Chemico-legal.

VI.-Pharmacy Ordinance,- Continued.

1916. 1915.

1916, 1915.

Toxicological (including 18

Cocaine,

3

6

stomachs),

48

32

Morphine,

4

0

Articles for stains,

27

29

Pills,

6

0

Coins and materials,

5

18

Articles for fire inquiry,

11

17

VII-Mineralogical, etc.

Corrosive liquids,..

Metals,

203

253

Ores,

223

107

II. Potable Waters.

Coal,

14

13

Public Supplies,

36

36

Lignite,

3

0

Wells, etc.,

17

со

8

VIII.-Oils,

III-Dangerous Goods Ordinance.

Anise,

49

89

Petroleum oil,

84

95

Cassia,

19

56

Liquid fuel,

11

10

Wood,

43

21

Petrol,

0

1

Tallow,

5

0

Substances for explosives,

3

21

Peanut,

1

Ships for inflammable vapour,

15.

24

Linseed,

Coconut,

0

IV.-Food and Drugs Ordinance.

Lubricating,

Bread,

6

Brandy,

13

∞ co

3

Transformer,

17

2

Milk, fresh,

95

65

IX.-Miscellaneous.

Milk, condensed,

4

16

Coal tar disinfectants,

3

Whisky,

11

Stone,

I

Port Wine,

3

Naphthalene,

0

Beer,

6

Urine,

12

Pepper,

1

Sulphuric acid,

2

Rum,

9

Ice,

0

Lard,

16

22

Fertilisers,

0

Gin,

2

2

Writing paper,

Tea,

0

Solutions,

0

Sherry,

Flour,

Cordials,

Lime Juice,

Chili Sauce,

Vinegar,

100000

Powders,..

Saltpetre,

1

Caustic soda,

Bleaching powder,.

1

Dye,

1

Cloth,

ON SOLO 2016 HN ONE-0000

2

3

5

2

V.-Building Materials.

Cement,

0

1

Mortar,

0

3

Paint,

I

10

Other substances,

VI.-Pharmacy Ordinance.

Graphite, Cigarettes, Ghee,

Ointment, and Medical Spe-

cimen, one each,..

2

Total,...... 1,062 1,051

100

CN

Medicines for Poison,

3

6

M 85

TOXICOLOGICAL.

2. Among the chemico-legal investigations were 20 cases of suspected human poisoning. Opium was found in four inquiries, datura in two, animal toxins in two, gelsemine in two, and oxalic acid in one.

WATERS.

3. The results of analyses of samples taken each month from the Pokfulum, Tytam, and Kowloon Reservoirs, indicate that these supplies continue to maintain their high purity.

DANGEROUS GOODS ORDINANCE.

4. Of petroleum oil and liquid fuel, 92 samples were tested during the year. The Clowes-Redwood apparatus has been used on 15 ships.

FOOD AND DRUGS ORDINANCE.

5. The following Table gives the results of 100 analyses made at the instance of the Police and the Sanitary Department.

Description.

Number of Samples.

Number found Genuine.

Number found Adulterated.

Beer, Brandy

Bread,

Flour,

Gin,

Milk,

69

OONING

6

6

2

1

Port Wine,...

Rum,...

7

Sherry,

Whisky,

CON-28****

6

0

6

0

0

1

0

0

60

9

3

0

6

1

3

0

6

PHARMACY ORDINANCE.

6. Corynine and its salts, known also as Aphrodine and Yohim-

bine, were placed on the list of poisons.

M 86

MINERALOGICAL.

7. The 426 samples of metals and ores examined during the year comprised the following:-

Tin,

Antimony,

Mercury,

Solder,

Lead,

Copper, Zinc, Gold, Brass, Iron,...

...

Metals.

Ores.

138

Antimony,

94

40

Tin,

6

Iron,

27

Manganese,

17

Lead,

28

Zinc,

Molybdenum,

Tungsten,

Gold,

Arsenic,

Barium,

8

Other ores,

21

Total,

203

Total,................ 223

SAMPLING.

8. The laboratory staff has undertaken an increased amount of sampling for dealers and exporters, and thus assisted in obtaining representative samples of consignments, without which, in many cases, an analysis would only be misleading. The work done includes the following:-

Tin,

Antimony,

Antimony ore, Wood oil,... Peanut oil,

Anise oil,

Cassia oil,...

70,152 slabs.

5,588 cases.

41,043 bags.

9,410 vats.

3,510 cases. 2,380 490

""

Also smaller quantities of zinc, mercury, saltpetre, caustic soda, coconut oil, tallow, and lard.

EXAMINATIONS FOR THE PUBLIC.

9. The public continue to take advantage of the Laboratory and have forwarded a great variety of samples for examination on pay- The fees paid into the Treasury during the year amount to $19,429.50 as against $20,764.00 in 1915.

ment.

SPECIAL REPORTS.

10. Special Reports have been supplied on the Preservation of Eggs, the Expansion of Oils, the Composition of Chinese Tin and Antimony, and the Determination of Cinnamic Aldehyde.

M 87

11. The value of the year's work as determined from the Tariff of Fees (Government Notifications Nos. 285 of 1907 and 360 of 1910) is $24,219.50 as against $24,861.00 in 1915.

LIBRARY.

12. Several standard works of reference have been added.

RESEARCH.

13. The work begun last year on antimony ores and metal has been continued. Work has also been done on the composition of Chinese Star Anise Oil.

STAFF.

14. No change has been made in the staff during the year.

M 88

Annexe

THE HEALTH OFFICER OF THE PORT.

REPORT BY DR. G. P. JORDAN, Health Officer of the Port.

During the year the work of this department was carried on by Dr. Jordan, Dr. Keyt, and Dr. Lindsay Woods. The work is described under the three usual headings:-

(a.) Daily inspection of ships arriving in port.

(b.) Medical examination of emigrants.

(c.) Quarantine duty.

(a.)-DAILY INSPECTION OF SHIPS ARRIVING IN Port.

During the year 3,760 vessels arrived in port and were duly boarded and examined, and the usual particulars of voyage and sickness, if any, recorded on the prescribed forms and attested by the master or surgeon of each vessel. Of the above number of vessels 1,858 were under the British flag and 1,902 under various foreign flags. River steamers from Canton and Macao are not included in the above figures as such vessels are only boarded when an infectious disease is reported or if those places are de- clared infected by the Hongkong Government.

(b.)-MEDICAL EXAMINATION OF EMIGRANTS.

During the year the total number of emigrants examined was 118,949. Of this number 1,413 were rejected on medical grounds and 117,536 were actually passed. As usual by far the largest number of emigrants proceeded to Singapore and the Straits Settle- ments, namely, 83,641. The remainder, 33,895, being for other ports.

Crews. To the total number of emigrants must be added the number of the crews of the various ships amounting to 31,107 and we thus get the grand total of 150,056 men examined during the

year.

Table I gives the numbers of emigrants passed and rejected for the various ports.

Table II gives the monthly statement of the emigration figures, the numbers of the crews of the steamers, and the numbers of the rejections.

Table III gives the various diseases which are accountable for the rejection of the emigrants.

M 89

(c.)-QUARANTINE DUTY.

This involves the special examinations of all vessels arriving from an infected port, as well as of all vessels having any suspicion of an infectious disease on board and whether from an infected port or not. Such vessels are examined on entering the quarantine anchorage.

During the year 5 vessels were detained in quarantine as under :-

Small-pox,....

Cholera,.....

3 vessels.

2 ""

In addition to the above the river steamer On Lee reported a case of small-pox while in port and alongside the wharf. This vessel was not detained in quarantine but was attended to at the wharf where she was disinfected and all hands vaccinated. The S.S. Telemachus arrived on the 10th August from Kung Koo Bay near Saigon with a salvage crew on board. Four of these men died during the voyage while nine others were sent into hospital having symptoms somewhat simulating cholera but bacteriological examination gave the diagnosis of malignant malaria.

Macao was declared an infected port by Hongkong on the 14th August for cholera but no case was detected among the ar- rivals from that Colony. The restrictions were removed on the 2nd September.

All Japanese ports were declared infected with cholera from September 10th to December 9th. The epidemic was rather a sharp one as the figures in Table V show.

Manila also was declared infected with cholera on the 2nd September and has continued so at the end of the year 1916.

Table IV gives the number of ships detained in quarantine with the causes, dates, and periods of detention.

Table V is a rather interesting compilation of the infectious diseases prevailing in neighbouring ports and show where the dangers to Hongkong lie. These figures have been compiled from notifications received from the Principal Civil Medical Officer during the year.

M 90

Table I.

Emigration Passes and Rejections for 1916.

Ports of Destination.

Passed.

Rejected.

Straits Settlements,

83,641

1,193

San Francisco,

4,053

12

Honolulu,

1,834

1

Japan,

516

1

British Columbia,

4,497

10

Java ports,

16,016

112

Australian ports,

2,627

44

Seattle,

83

Mexican ports,

392

South America,

749

1

British Borneo,

1,830

30

Mauritius,

923

Manila,

South Africa,

Havanahı,

147

56

172

Total......

Table II.

117,536

1,413

Monthly Returns of Emigrants, Crews, and Rejections.

Months.

Emigrants. Crews,

Rejections.

January,

February,

March,

April,...

May,

June,

8,540

1,226

127

7,073

1,827

68

12,160

2,160

225

15,051

2,947

181

9,709

2,655

73

11,603

2,340

148

July,

9,879

3,352

49

August,

4,889

2,254

51

September,

9,547

2,765

108

October,

10,880

3,169

132

November,

8,733

3,640

104

December,.....

9,472

2,772

147

Total,......

117,536

31,107

1,413

M 91

Table III.

Causes of Rejections of Emigrants.

Diseases.

Numbers.

Skin Diseases :

Scabies,

490

Tinea,

170

Ichthyosis,

9

Other forms,

24

Eye Diseases-

Trachoma,

281

Ophthalmia and Blindness,

45

Fevers,

152

Syphilis,

10

Tuberculosis,

4

Jaundice,

8

Leprosy,

2

Beri-beri,

Deformities,

Heart Disease,

Enlarged Spleen,

1

51

3

24

Anæmia and Debility,

Ulcers and Sores,

Gonorrhoea,....

Goitre,...

93

18

Other Causes including old age, and emaciation,

Total,.....

23

1,413

Detention.

Table IV.

Showing the Number of Ships detained in Quarantine, with Causes, Dates, and Periods of Detention.

Name of Vessel.

Port.

Cases.

Causes.

Date.

Kin Shan,

Canton.

1

Small-pox.

10. 2.16

12 hours.

Nankin,..

Singapore. 1

Small-pox.

15. 2.16

20 hours.

Telemachus,

Saigon.

9

Cholera.

10. 8.16

19 hours.

Atsuta Maru,

Nagasaki.

1

Cholera.

13. 8. 16

5 days.

Tean,

Manila.

1

Small-pox.

5. 9.16

24 hours.

On Lee,

Canton.

1.

Small-pox.

12. 12. 16

Not detained.

M 92

Appendix N.

REPORT ON THE BOTANICAL AND FORESTRY DEPARTMENT FOR THE YEAR 1916.

GENERAL REMARKS,

The rainfall for January was the highest on record since 1907, and that for March the lowest since the same year.

The mean temperature for March was between two and three degrees below the average according to the Observatory records.

Trees of Ficus infectoria which usually shed their leaves in February did not do so until the middle of April.

The Pine tree caterpillar, Metanastria punctata, Walk., was discovered in large numbers in nearly all the plantations in Hong- kong and Kowloon in February, but, presumably, owing to the long-continued cold weather they were unable to feed properly and very few developed into chrysalides.

The month of April was very dry which necessitated much watering in the gardens and in young plantations.

In June 32.97 inches of rain fell, which is the highest fall for this month in the period of 24 years of which statistics have been kept in this Department.

On the 2nd June about 500 of the young trees alongside the New Territories roads were more or less damaged by wind but few of them were destroyed.

The third quarter was particularly free from typhoons, and partly due to this the rainfall only amounted to 2093 inches.

The fourth quarter was the driest on record in the Department, the rainfall being only '92 of an inch.

The absence of rain at the end of the year rendered vegetation on the hills excessively inflammable and many fires occurred.

GARDENS AND GROUNDS.

Botanic Gardens.-The autumn of 1915 and the first month of 1916 were very wet consequently winter-flowering annuals were not up to their usual standard.

Roses flowered exceptionally well, in fact, they have never been better.

Clerodendron splendens made a very fine show in the New Garden at the end of the year.

were

Several plants of Bougainvillea spectabilis lateritia obtained from the Botanic Gardens, Singapore, at the request of His Excellency the Governor. Two were planted in the Old Garden where they have made very good progress.

N 2

A small bed was made and planted with Brunfelsia undulata. This plant produces flowers very freely four times a year in Hong- kong. Last year it flowered in February, April, July, and October.

The three trees of Paulownia Fortunei flowered well.

As soon as the flower buds began to open they were attacked by birds and it was not until a coolie had been stationed near the trees to scare the birds away that the flowers developed properly.

The specimens of Lysidice rhodostegia were a very striking fea- ture when in flower, the pink-coloured bracts being very conspicuous.

The old Brownea Ariza in the Old Garden and the large Bauhinia Blakeana in the New Garden were supported with strong iron stays, and it is hoped that these will prevent the trees from being blown down by typhoons.

Chrysanthemums, Japanese Lilies and Renanthera coccinea in pots were especially good when in flower.

The plant houses, aviaries, etc., were repaired, painted and colourwashed in October.

Garden seats, gates and railings were painted and side channels pointed.

The concrete path on the west side of the Old Garden, leading from the bandstand to the College Gardens' entrance, was broken up as the concrete had perished, and the surface re-laid with cement- granite concrete.

Unconcreted paths were re-surfaced with disintegrated granite. Several thousand flowering shrubs were raised for planting in various parts of the Colony.

The plants in the herbaceous border in the New Garden were taken up, divided and replanted.

A bamboo hedge at the upper end of the Old Garden was taken up and replaced with Chrysalidocarpus palms.

In the early part of the year there was a fine show in the plant houses of Eranthemum pulchellum, a species with lovely, bright blue flowers.

The Glenealy rockeries were overhauled and new plants put in to fill up vacancies.

The heavy rains in June caused three small landslips in the New Garden but the damage done was trifling.

The annual show of the Hongkong Horticultural Society was held in the Old Garden on the 3rd and 4th March.

Vegetables from the Peak and the lower levels were very good but flowering plants in pots and cut flowers were not quite up to the average.

On the evening of the 19th October, "Our Day", a concert was held on the lower terrace in the Old Garden.

N 3

The garden was crowded with people but owing to the precau- tions taken by this Department very little damage was done to plants or lawns.

Government House Grounds.--In the long shrubbery on the castern side of the grounds and in the shrubbery near the stables several flowering shrubs were put in to replace others which had died.

The Cannas in the various beds were taken up, divided and re-planted.

The Camellia bed near the entrance to the house was filled with plants of Begonia semperflorens and later on with Iris

tectorum.

Purple-flowered Rhododendrons on the banks at the east of the ballroom which were in proximity to red-flowered varieties' were taken up and transplanted elsewhere.

The tennis lawn on the south side of the house was re-turfed where it had become bare.

Both lawns were given a dressing of manure in the spring and later on they were treated with chachai to get rid of worms.

In the early autumn all the lawns in the grounds were badly attacked by caterpillars which were kept in check by applications of Jeyes' Fluid mixed with eighty times its bulk of water.

On the north bank one plant of Bougainvillea spectabilis lateritia was put in, and at the top of the same bank two plants of Clerodendron splendens.

Owing to the excessively dry weather the lawns were watered regularly for the last three months of the year. The water used for this purpose was unfiltered and obtained from the Albany nullah.

During the last rainy season the path on the south side of the house became very soft and it was opened up in the autumn and re- drained where necessary.

The west end of the lower walk on the north side of the grounds was surfaced with concrete composed of cement and granite.

The red and purple Rhododendrons, Bougainvillea spectabilis, Bauhinia Blakeana and Cassia siamea in the grounds flowered well.

Mountain Lodge Grounds.-The lawns were weeded and given a dressing of manure.

Thirty Allamandas were planted on the bank above the new tennis lawn and a few clumps of Iris tectorum were planted on the banks near the house.

The purple Rhododendrons on the terrace flowered well but the red ones in the valley were almost a failure.

The Hydrangeas made a grand show as usual but probably

N 4

owing to the excessive rains at the time they were flowering the blue colour was not so deep as it generally is.

All undesirable undergrowth and grass under the trees in the valley were cut from time to time.

The zigzag paths on the west sides of the grounds were repaired, and the path around the hill on the southwest side of the grounds was re-surfaced with disintegrated granite.

The lawns were given a dressing of chachai and large numbers of worms were collected and destroyed.

Only a few bulbs of Lyceris squamigera which were planted last year flowered. Nearly all the bulbs have disappeared; they have apparently been eaten by rats or some other animals.

Blake Garden. A flat piece of ground in the lower part of the garden, which was always more or less of a swamp, was taken in hand and drained.

Two young trees of Bauhinia Blakeana and several flowering shrubs were planted in various places.

The Cannas were taken up, divided and replanted.

The Bignonias which were planted to cover one of the fences made such slow progress that they were taken up and replaced with young plants of Antigonon leptopus which have done well.

The Lycoris bulbs growing alongside the stream made a good show when in flower,

The level areas were re-surfaced with disintegrated granite and all seats and gates painted.

Peak Garden. The seats were re-painted and the toolhouse re- paired.

The garden was kept tidy throughout the year.

West End Park.-The purple Rhododendrons and the trees of Bauhinia purpurea flowered profusely.

The young trees were frequently attended to and any failures made good.

Roots of Lantana and Mimosa were taken up as opportunity permitted and the grass was cut several times during the year.

King's Park. Several trees, shrubs and palms were planted, including 82 young specimens of Bauhinia variegata.

On the western side of the park on the bare hills between 200 and 300 seedling pine trees were planted."

The trees of Bauhinia variegata which were planted several years ago again flowered well.

One of these proved to be a pure white variety and this has been propagated by layers and seeds.

~

N 5

Gangs of women were employed in cutting long grass and tak- ing up Lantana roots. They did the work free on being allowed to carry away the grass and roots.

Many dead pine trees were cut down during the year.

On several occasions goats were found damaging young trees and the owners were prosecuted and fined.

Colonial Cemetery.-Three trees of Bauhinia Blakeana and one of Bauhinia variegata were planted.

Several trees on a new terrace were cut down so that the ground could be used for interments.

The winter-flowering annuals were a great feature during the first quarter of the year.

The trees of Bauhinia variegata planted some years ago at this place flowered much earlier than those in other parts of the Colony.

To enable the Public Works Department to make a path of easy gradient to some of the upper terraces several trees and shrubs were removed.

Many of the paths were re-surfaced at the end of the year with disintegrated granite.

Royal Square Garden. The plants in the shrubberies in the plot opposite the Courts of Justice were re-arranged and additional ones put in.

The Bauhinia Blakeana trees flowered well, as usual.

The lawns were attacked by caterpillars in the autumn and they were treated in the same way as others previously mentioned.

Civil Hospital Grounds.-The various lawns were weeded and dressed with manure and fine soil.

Parts of those on the lower terrace were taken up, the ground levelled and the turf replaced.

These lawns were also attacked by caterpillars in the autumn and the usual remedy was applied.

About 60 Poinsettias were planted on the bank at the southeast end of the grounds.

The candle-nut trees around the Maternity Hospital were lopped to give more light inside the building.

Royal Observatory Grounds.-These grounds were kept in good order throughout the year.

walk.

Eleven coconut palms were planted on the sides of the main

>>

The "blue grass' was given a dressing of leafsoil as it was making very slow progress.

N 6

Lower Albany Nursery. The fence which divides this nursery from the Helena May Institute Grounds was put in order on the completion of the Institute and specimens of pink and white Antigonon leptopus were planted at the base of the fence.

The Cannas, Poinsettias and other flowering shrubs made brilliant patches of colour at varying intervals during the year.

Peak Tramway Banks.-On the tramway side of the Helena May Institute grounds the Hibiscus shrubs were taken up and replanted after the ground had been raised.

Fifteen young Eucalyptus trees were planted near the same place to form a screen.

On the bank between the Institute and the lower tram terminus 265 Poinsettias were put in.

Twenty-six plants of Russelia juncea were planted along the top of the wall of the Albany nullah.

The following trees and shrubs were in flower along the tramline at some period of the year :-Bauhinia Blakeana, Bauhinia variegata, Lagerstroemia indica, Allamanda Schottii, Hibiscus Lam- bertianus, Mussaenda frondosa, Hydrangeas, Rhododendrons, and Poinsettias.

Roadside Banks and Rockeries.-The shrubs on the garden tank plot at the junction of Bowen and Garden Roads had become more or less overgrown so they were thinned out and other, improve- ments were made.

66

>>

The ground under the trees was covered with

blue grass and a Bauhinia Blakeana was planted in the centre of the plot.

The strip of land between the Albany Road and the New Garden was planted up with "blue grass".

A part of the bank near the Dairy Farm Co.'s premises, Lower Albert Road, having been acquired for building purposes, the trees and shrubs on it had to be destroyed.

The Rhododendrons on the bank opposite the Helena May Institute flowered well.

Thirteen Bauhinia Blakeana were planted on a bank at the east side of the Race Course.

The flowering trees and shrubs, on the numerous banks which have been planted in the last few years received constant atten- tion and they have been much admired when in flower.

Government Offices' Grounds.-Two specimens of Bauhinia Blakeana were planted and the grounds were kept in good order.

Other Grounds.-The pitch on the Hongkong Cricket Club Ground was repaired at the expense of the club after each match.

Bare patches at the west end of the Volunteer Parade Ground were turfed.

N 7

The grass lawns around the Government Peak Bungalows were cut as required and the shrubs kept in order.

The Children's Plot, Kowloon, was swept daily. Although the quickest-growing trees obtainable were planted in this plot they have made very little progress owing to the exposed position of the site.

The lawns around the Subordinate Officers' Quarters, Breezy Point, were weeded and cut as required.

The grass plot in front of the Hongkong Club building was kept in order and the Hibiscus shrubs pruned.

Many other small grounds were kept in a tidy condition through- out the year.

HERBARIUM.

Several additions to the flora of the New Territories were made by Mr. S. B. C. Ross, District Officer, Taipo, who collected plants in various localities.

Nine specimens of native oaks were sent to the Director of the Geological Survey, Tonkin, on request.

A list of additions to the local flora is given in a supplement.

FORESTRY.

Formation of Pine Tree Plantations.-On the hills in the vicinity of the Fanling Golf Course 40,000 one year old seedlings were planted, in the Cheungshawan reservoir catchment area 15,000, in the Tytam catchment area 25,000, at Kowloon Tsai 10,000, in King's Park 370, and on Chang Chau Island 100.

On grass banks on the southern slopes of the Kowloon hills 62 lbs. of pine tree seeds were sown broadcast.

Broad-leaved Trees Planted. In the Tytam catchment area 3,386 Eucalyptus and 700 Tristania seedlings were planted.

In the Pokfulam valley 790 Melaleuca and 210 Tristania were put in, and on Chang Chau Island 200 Tristania, 196 Banian seed- lings and 50 Banian cuttings.

On the hills around the Lok Ma Chau Police Station 900 Eucalyptus and 100 Camphor seedlings were planted.

In the vicinity of the Fanling Golf Course the following seed- ling trees were planted:-2,437 Eucalyptus, 2,775 Melaleuca, 1,434 Tristania, 24 Albizzia, 24 Aleurites, 4 Celtis, 14 Ficus infectoria, and 7 Camphors.

Care of Trees in Plantations.—Creepers which were harmful to trees in plantations at Wanchai Gap, Aberdeen New Road, Wongneichong Gap Road, Victoria Road, Aberdeen - Little Hong- kong Road, and Taipo Road were cut.

Dead trees were taken out of plantations in various parts of the Colony,

N S

Protection from Fire.-Two new fire barriers were made at Fanling in the autumn to protect the young pine trees planted in the spring.

Old barriers were cleared before the Chung Yeung Festival which occurred on the 5th October.

The thanks of the Department are due to the Honourable the Secretary for Chinese Affairs for kindly allowing ten District Watch- men to assist the Forest Officers in watching for fires at both the spring and autumn festivals.

The Department is very much indebted to the Honourable the Captain Superintendent of Police for allowing his officers at out- stations to engage coolies and supervise the extinguishing of fires occurring in the vicinity of their stations.

Owing to the excessively dry weather at the end of the year, only '92 of an inch of rain fell in the last three months, fires were very numerous, no less than 35 being reported for the last quarter.

One of the biggest fires occurred near Deepwater Bay where 1,000 trees were killed and many more injured.

Another was near the Saikung Road where 2,000 trees were badly damaged.

Both of these fires were caused, in all probability, by pedes- trians throwing away unextinguished matches, cigarettes or cigars.

Forest Guards' Service. The number of persons proceeded against for committing forestry offences was 395 compared with 363 in the previous year.

Out of this number 353 were convicted, 9 had their bail estreated, and 2 were required to sign personal bonds, and of the 31 discharges, 16 were cautioned.

Particulars are given in Tables II and III.

One Forest Guard was charged by the Police with accepting two bribes of a dollar each at Pokfulam. He was convicted and fined $50 or six weeks' imprisonment.

Several contractors had sums amounting to $154.50 deducted from their securities for damage done to trees in the vicinity of their matsheds.

The District Officer was asked to warn the villagers of Tai Wai as it was found that considerable damage to trees and shrubs was going on in the vicinity of this village.

Considerable damage to plantations was also discovered in the plantations near Ngautaukok, Malautong, and Sheklipui and the villagers of these places were warned by the Assistant District Officer at my request.

Timber Felling.-The block of pine trees at Pokfulam, referred to in last year's report, was felled at the beginning of the year.

M

Y:

N 9

Natural regeneration has been so good in this area that it will not be necessary for replanting to be done.

The trees on several Farm Lots leased by the Dairy Farm Company were cut down to enable the ground to be used for the cultivation of guinea grass.

Fellings took place also on several lots which had been sold for building purposes.

Planting and Care of Roadside Trees.-One thousand three hundred and eighty-nine trees and shrubs were planted alongside roads or in the vicinity of roads in Hongkong and Kowloon.

The principal roads planted were Pokfulam, Aberdeen, Victoria, Little Hongkong, Deepwater Bay, and Broadwood.

The shrubs planted near Aberdeen and Deepwater Bay were enclosed within barbed wire fences and notices in English, Chinese and Hindustani were posted up warning persons against allowing goats and cattle to damage them.

Nevertheless on several occasions goats were found damaging the shrubs and the owners were convicted and fined at the Police Court.

A lot of wanton damage was done to young Poinciana trees along Victoria Road but although Forest Guards were put on to watch for the offenders no arrests were made.

The trees were afterwards protected with pig baskets which have apparently served their purpose as no further damage has been done for some time.

Four hundred and seventy-four plants of Ficus repens were put in at the foot of the cuttings of the Deepwater Bay new road.

Tree branches interfering with telephone wires or obstructing the light of street lamps were cut off.

Five large Banian trees were transplanted in the Wongneichong Road owing to a new alignment of the footpath.

Many of the young trees in the Kowloon roads were damaged by goats belonging to Indian members of the Police force and other persons.

The Honourable the Captain Superintendent of Police dealt. with the Indian Police cases and the Police Magistrate with the others when the owners of the goats were discovered.

In several places large Banian trees had to be cut down to enable new houses to be erected.

Chinese Permanent Cemetery, Aberdeen.-At the request of the Honourable the Secretary for Chinese Affairs and other members of the Committee this Department undertook the planting of trees and shrubs in this cemetery.

All expenses were paid for by the Cemetery Committee.

N 10

Altogether 634 trees and shrubs and 116 creepers were planted.

Police Quarters, Mongkoktsui.-Thirteen trees and shrubs were planted in the compound at this station and it is hoped that in time the trees will afford shade to the building.

Bamboos Planted. At Queen's College Recreation Ground, Causeway Bay, a hedge 1,649 feet long was planted and another at the west end of Bowen Road of 1,300 feet. At the Race Course, Wongneichong, the bamboo hedge was repaired to an extent of 648

feet.

New Ride at Wongneichong.-In order to make an easier way for ponies to reach Bowen Road from Wongneichong than by the road, a ride was made through the woods to the east of Wongneichong Gap Road.

The Ride at Little Hongkong.—This path which was very much damaged by heavy rains was repaired and the bridge across the stream at the lower end was altered and improved.

Fanling-Castle Peak Road.-Five hundred and ninety-four trees consisting of Poinciana, Melaleuca, Albizzia and Camphor were planted on the newly completed side of the road between Fanling and Santin.

Trees previously planted between Fanling and Castle Peak which had failed, from one cause or another, were replaced.

Fanling-Taipo Road.-One hundred and fifty-three trees were planted between Taipo market and Taipo and failures were made good.

Many of the trees along these roads, principally Poinciana and Albizzia, are now big enough to give a certain amount of shade but others have not done so well.

They have had many difficulties to contend with including straying cattle, Chinese boys, insects, and strong winds.

Fanling Hills.-In addition to the pine and broad-leaved trees. planted on the hills around the Golf Course upwards of 5,500 flower- ing trees and shrubs were put in.

A list of these is given in Table IV.

The Allamandas on the hills near the second, eighth, and ninth greens flowered well and the Mussaendas near the ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, and thirteenth greens.

The Hydrangeas at the fifteenth green made a good show, those at. the fourteenth were fairly good but those on the hill near the first green were very poor.

Some of the beds of Poinsettias near the ninth green were quite a success but unfortunately the exceptionally cold weather which prevailed when they were at their best caused them to lose their bracts so that the display did not last long.

The pine and broad-leaved trees planted on the hills made good progress.

N 11

A bed of Lilium longiflorum near the first green flowered well. Forestry Service Paths. All of these paths in Hongkong and Kowloon were repaired after the summer rains had finished.

Clearing Undergrowth around Houses.-The clearing at Govern- ment expense for anti-malaria purposes amounted at about 5,000,000 square feet in Hongkong, Kowloon, and the New Territories.

In addition about 65,000 square feet were cleared at the cost of private individuals.

Clearing for Survey Purposes.-Over 1,000,000 square feet were cleared at the request of the Public Works Department for survey purposes.

Forestry Licences, New Territories.-The total amount collected in fees from this was $4,871:45 compared with $4,859.18 in the previous year.

NURSERIES, AGRICULTURE, &C.

Various kinds of vegetables were grown in the garden at Fanling for demonstration purposes.

Onions matured splendidly 'and two Chinese obtained seed in the autumn with a view to growing the bulbs for market.

Experiments were continued with Fertilizers and the results confirmed those of the previous year.

Pineapples weighing between 4 lbs. and 5 lbs. were grown which shows that much better fruits can be produced in the New Territories than those obtainable in the Hongkong market.

One hundred suckers of the variety grown at Fanling were given to a Chinese market gardener for experimental purposes.

The Spineless Cacti have kept healthy and have made a fair amount of growth but not sufficient to warrant them being planted extensively for fodder purposes.

A new nursery was made near Pingkong and a bout 35,000 pine tree seedlings were raised for planting on the Fanling hills in 1917.

In the Beacon Hill Nursery upwards of 5,000 pine trees were raised besides Poinciana and other tree seedlings for planting in various places in 1917.

In the other nurseries about 8,000 broad-leaved trees were propagated.

Seeds of Lagerstroemia Flos-reginae were obtained from Fiji at the request of His Excellency the Governor and several young plants have been raised which will be planted out as soon as they are big enough.

Certain fruits sold amongst Chinese in San Francisco were sent to me by the Department of Agriculture, Washington, for identification.

They proved to be those of Trichosanthes cucumerina, known to the Chinese as Lo Hon Kwa, indigenous in South China and reputed to be useful in cases of colds and asthma.

N 12

At the request of the District Officer I visited the tea plantation near the Lead Mine Pass in the New Territories to see the process of curing as practised by the grower.

The tea grown at this place has a very bitter flavour which is evidently due to the way in which it is cured.

Suggestions were made as to the best way of reducing the

bitterness.

Towards the end of the year the Russian Consul wrote and told me that several Russian sailors had been taken very ill through eating a certain kind of nut which they had found growing wild in Hongkong.

Specimens of the nuts which accompanied the Consul's letter proved to be the fruit of Jutropha Curcas, a tree often found wild near villages in Hongkong.

The tree belongs to the same family as the Castor oil plant and the nuts possess very violent purging properties.

Seeds of Quercus cornea, the Chinese edible acorn, were sent to the Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt, and seeds of Pyrus Calleryana to the Department of Agriculture, Washington, for experimental purposes.

A request was received from the Mauritius Government for 100 lbs. of seed of the Hongkong pine tree and this was collected and despatched.

The first rice crop was good but the second was poor in many places owing to damage caused by insects.

The crop of Litchis was fair and the Peanut crop good.

PRESENTATIONS TO THE DEPARTMENT.

The thanks of the Department are due to the following who presented seeds, plants or herbarium specimens:-Director, Botanic Gardens, Ceylon; Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta ; Botanic Garden, Singapore; Royal Botanic Garden, Kew; Mr. H. Nehrling, Florida, U.S.A.; Mr. D. Fairchild, U.S.A.; the Hongkong University, Miss Wilkinson, Sergeant Kerr, Captain A. E. Hodgins, Mr. R. Shewan, Mr. H. Humphreys, Mr. P. W. Goldring, Mr. H. P. Winslow, Mr. M. J. D. Stephens, Mr. S. B. C. Ross, and Miss Wallace.

The following were the principal recipients of seeds or plants: Director of Agriculture, Fiji; Botanic Gardens, Jamaica; the Director, Horticultural Division, Giza Branch, Cairo, Egypt; Economic Botanist, Bangalore, India; the Assistant to the Agricul- tural Advisor to the Government of India, Bengal; Mr. D. Fairchild, U.S.A.; Commander Myburgh, R.N., Mr. A. E. Irving, Mr. M. J. D. Stephens, Miss Wilkinson, Mr. H. Humphreys, Captain A. E. Hodgins, Miss Wallace, Mr. G. N. Orme, Mr. S. R. Moore, Mr. R. Shewan, Mr. Jas. Walker, and No. 1 Police Station,

N 13

STAFF.

The Superintendent was on vacation leave from the 12th August to the 15th September, and the Assistant Superintendent on long leave from 1st January to the 4th August. The Head Clerk, Mr. Tsoi Wa-cheung, was absent on vacation leave for 3 days; the Assistant Clerk, Mr. Mak Kun for 15 days; the Head Gardener, Mr. Luk Tsun-fai, 1 day; the Head Forester, Mr. Wong Shing-po, 1 day; the Assistant Head Forester, Mr. Un Kam-po, 19 days; and the First Herbarium Assistant, Mr. Fung King-wan, 12 days.

23rd March, 1917.

W. J. TUTCHER,

Superintendent.

Table I.

RAINFALL, 1916.

Botanic Gardens.

DATE.

Jan.

Feb. Mar. April May

June July Aug. Sept.

Sept. Oct.

Nov. Dec.

N 14

inch.

inch. inch. inch. inch.

inch. inch. inch.

inch.

inch. inch. inch.

1,

•12

'01

4:41

*02

2,

*03

1.24

*56

9.22

*10

*05

3,

*01

1.11

14

4.75

4,

*01

·14

*01

*01

•12

*02

5,

'57

81

*02

1:30

12

6,

2.95

*01

*64 *51

∙10

7,

•81

*20

•27 1.42

78

1:35

8,

•01

•01

*01

1:38 2:30 ·03

*16

9.

*07

*04

*70

3:02

10,

·17

11,

12,

13,

: 232

∙10

2.23 J

*06

1.96

*54 *02

1.14

1.64

*02

*01

:

*01

*26

·15

*72

14,

*03

*05

*43

*06

15,

*01

*02

*01

'01

16,

•·41

15

Table I,-Continued.

DATE.

Jan.

Feb.

Mar. April May June July Aug. Sept. Oct.

Nov. Dec.

-N 15-

inch.

inch. inch. inch, inch. inch. inch. inch. inch. inch. inch.

inch. inch.

1:04 *03

*40

*30

*03 *05

*46

*37

'07 *01

117

*60 ∙17

*78

2.79

•11

1:12

*48

·01

1.18

1.25

*36

•11

3.28

•13

*09

*03

.76

*52

*44

*08

-03

*07

3.28

*10

·01

'47

*03

'05

*35

192

*02

*01

*03

*25

1:40

01

*04

*01 *26

2.69

*02

*44

1:03

*02

*06

*02

*04

1.46

Total,.

4.74

1.61

*44

4.68

11.6532.97 8.99 6.84 11:10

.78

*06

*08

Total for the year 83'94 inches.

Average for the last ten years at the Botanic Gardens--88:80 inches. Total rainfall registered at the Hongkong Observatory for the year-79-86 inches.

17,

18,

19,

20,

21,

22,

23,

24,

25,

26,

27,

28,

29,

30,

31,

Table II.

FOREST GUARDS' SERVICE: OFFENCES.

REPORT OF

Village or District.

Block. Compartment.

Pine tree Pine tree Brush-

wood Pine tree branches needles stealing-stealing. stealing. stealing.

Grass

cutting.

Wild Wild flowers fruits stealing. stealing.

Bamboos

stealing,

Cattle

grazing

Setting

fire to

plantation. plantation.

10000 16 20 10 00 00

788

9

S

N 16-

14

⠀⠀⠀ www com

16

19

9

27

3

19

1

2

LineaXo5: 25.

6

4

10

1

10

20

::ION:

3

1

3

I

I

2

1

2

1

18

1

1

3

21

4

Total for 1916,.

29

66

37

85

109

Total for 1915,

43

64

12

98

105

220

11

7

30

1

21

4

16

Victoria,

Wongneichong,.

Shaukiwan,

A.B.C.D.E.F.G.

A.B.C.D.F.G.

Tytam,..

Stanley,

Aberdeen,

Pokfulam,

A.B.C.D.E.F.G.

A.F.

A.B.E.F.

A.B.C.E.F.

C.D.E.F.G.

Kowloon,

B.C.E.

Harbour Belt,.

A.B.C.D.

Cheungshawan,

10

Kanghau,

11

New Territories,

N 17

-

Table III.

POLICE COURT RESULTS.

Cases.

50 cents to $1 fine,

$1.50

>"

$2

""

$2.50

$3

1916.

1915.

8

28

0

1

33

35

0

78

67

$4 to $5

84

40

""

$6

$7

$7.50

$8

0

"

3

"2

N 10

2

0

5

0

"

$10 to $25 $100

1 day's imprisonment,

2 days' 4

5 to 7 days'

34

13

"

I

0

1

0

1

5

""

0

9

36

47

""

8 to 14

15 to 31

6 weeks'

"

2 months'

3

38

26

10

7

0

1

0

1

1

0

Discharges,

Forfeiture of bail,

Personal Bond,

31

73

9

6

1

Total,

.395

363

:

Albert Road,.

Kennedy Road,.

Wongneichong,

King's Park,

Peak Road,

Mongkoktsui,

Locality.

Poinciana.

Poinsettia.

Hibiscus.

Allamanda.

Erythrina.

Bougainvillea.

Mussaenda.

Brunfelsia.

اشية

Table IV.

FLOWERING TREES AND SHRUBS PLANTED.

Fanling Golf Course, Aberdeen New Cemetery.

Little Hongkong-Deepwater

Bay Road,

4 2,387

193 531 228

250

526 101

114

97

151

87

10

26

13

14

12 106

58

27

:

:..

:.

Aberdeen - Little Hongkong

Road,

50

11

* 22

Pokfulam - Aberdeen Road,

39

20

Broadwood Road,.

7

22

:

B

96

Brewin's Path,

31

Peak Tramline,..

1

26

Garden Road,

Macdonnell Road,

Wongneichong-Little Hong-|

kong Road,

Total,..

1 344

1

33

100

14

21

...

9

2

Lagerstroemia.

Cotton

(Bombax).

Russelia.

Cassia fistula.

Bauhinia

20

20

:

13

3

24

100

:

60

:

104 2,878

409

682 471

10 276

13

604

270

132

43

114

22

22

Blakeana.

::

variegata.

Bauhinia

1

میں

13

82

12

12

:

3

...

13 364 4.00

Lysidice rhodestegia.

Cratæva.

Acacia pennata.

Callistemon.

9

361

400

200

Rhododendron.

Adenanthera.

Ixora.

48

518

Tithonia.

Acacia confusa.

Miscellaneous.

5.779

634

:

97

:

:

:

:

96

76

132

31

378

1

33

27

30

4

136

10

4

1

165

:

:

200

8

48 518

6 7,604

N 18-

Total.

Locality. Kowloon Tsai,...

Fanling, Pingkong,

N 19

Table V.

NURSERIES.

Expenses. $356.00

303.00

148.90

Total,

$807.90

Table VI.

REVENUE.

Revenne.

1916.

Timber Sales,...

Auction Sale of Plants,...

Loan of Plants,

...

Forestry Licences, ...

Interest on Current Account,

Miscellaneous Receipts,...

Fine Fund,

Total,

$

C.

2,027.99

1915.

$

C.

1,208.32 642.20

106.86 4,871.45

126.12

A

4,859.18

6.58

9.05

10.19

4.95

11.60

21.85

$7,034.67

$6.871.67

Table VII.

Comparative Statement of Revenue and Expenditure

from the years 1907 to 1916.

Years. Total Expenditure.

Total Revenue.

% of Revenue to Expenditure.

$

C.

$

C.

%

1907

44,131.14

7,730.52

17:52

1908

48,973.20

11,586.43

23.66

1909

43,694.46

11,441.51

26.12

1910

41,707.95

13 230,59

31.72

1911

45,750.85

7,769.82

16.98

1912

39,865.18

2,304.91

5.78

1913

48,745.88

8,352.06

17.13

1914

49,095.97

6,934.21

14 12

1915

49,404.56

6,871.67

13.91

1916

47,325.89

7,034.67

14.86

N 20

Supplement.

ADDITIONS TO THE FLORA OF HONGKONG AND THE

NEW TERRITORIES.

1. Clematis Benthamiana, Hemsl.--Collected near Taipo by Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Previously known from several localities in Kwang- tung and elsewhere in China.

2. Tetracera sarmentosa, Vahl.-Near Taipo, collected by Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Common in the South of China.

3. Holboellia cuneata, Oliv.?-As the specimen is only in leaf there is some doubt about its identification. The same plant has been collected in a similar state in Hongkong. Near Sam Chung by Mr. S. B. C. Ross.

4. Camellia salicifolia, Champ.-Found in a wood near Lo Shu Tin. Only previously known from the island of Hongkong.

5. Sida rhombifolia, Linn.-Collected by Mr. S. B. C. Ross in the New Territories. Common in South China.

6. Grewia hirsuta, Vahl.-Near Taipo, by Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Known from the North and West Rivers in Kwangtung and from Southern India and Ceylon.

7. Triumfetta rhomboidea, Jacq.-New Territories, Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Common in South China and distributed in Tropical Asia, Africa and America.

8. Triumfetta pilosa, Roth.-Tatiyan. China and found in tropical Asia and Africa.

Common in South

9. Ilex macrocarpa, Oliv.-One tree near Cheung Mi and an- other in the wood at U Kau Tin. Only previously recorded from the Lienchow River in Kwangtung but known from Hupeh and Szechuen.

10. Euonymus japonicus, Thunb.-In a wood at Lo Shu Tin. Known from several provinces in China and from Japan.

11. Rourea mircrophylla, Planch--Found by Mr. S. B. C. Ross near Taipo. Recorded from various localities in Kwangtung.

12. Desmodium latifolium, DC.--Alongside the road near Taipo. Collected in Hongkong and Swatow and widely spread in tropical Africa and Asia.

13. Desmodium gangeticum, DC.-Collected at Taipo. Found in various localities in Kwangtung and diffused in tropical Africa and Asia.

14. Desmodium triflorum, DC.-Found by Mr. S. B. C. Ross in the New Territories. Common in Hongkong and known from most tropical countries.

N 21

15. Pycnospora hedysaroides, R. Br.-At Tatiyan. Known from Hongkong and other places in South China, Asia and Australia.

16. Lathyrus Aphaca, Linn.-A weed collected in the Univer- sity grounds. Only previously recorded from Kowloon in China but known from India, Abyssinia and Europe.

17. Eriosema chinense, Vogel.-Collected in the New Ter- ritories by Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Also known from various places in South China, India, Malaya and North Australia.

18. Cassia hirsuta, Linn.-A roadside weed near Aberdeen Village. A native of tropical America.

19. Cassia Sophera, Linn.-A weed in the Hongkong Univer- sity grounds. Widely spread in tropical and sub-tropical regions.

20. Bauhinia Championi, Benth. At Tatiyan. Known from Hongkong, Kwangtung and Fokien.

21. Eugenia Jambosa, Linn.-Collected in the New Territories by Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Probably naturalized as it is in Hongkong.

22. Eugenia operculata, Roxb.-Common on the banks of streams in the New Territories. Widely spread in India and Malaya.

23. Jussica suffruticosa, Linn.-Collected near Taipo by Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Widely spread in tropical countries.

24. Momordica cochinchinensis, Spreng. At Fanling and Sha- taukok. Found in various provinces in China, also in India, Malaya and the Philippines.

25. Morinda umbellata, Linn.-Collected at Potoau. Widely spread in tropical Asia.

"

26. Blumea chinensis, DC.-Found by Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Known from Kwangtung and Fokien, Eastern Asia and Java.

27. Blumea laciniata, DC.--Collected at Shataukok by Mr. S. B. C. Ross. A roadside weed widely diffused in India and Malaya.

28. Blumea myriocephala, DC.—Near the village of Chukong. Common in Eastern India and Burmah.

29. Siegesbeckia orientalis, Benth.-A weed in the New Ter- ritories, collected by Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Cosmopolitan in various countries.

30. Dregea volubilis, Benth.-Near Pingkong village. Only previously recorded in China from Hongkong and Hainan but widely spread in Eastern and Southern India.

31. Exacum tetragonum, Roxb.-Collected on Tap Mun Island by Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Known from South China, India and Malaya. 32. Ipomoea angustifolia, Jacq.-Found by Mr. S. B. C. Ross near Taipo. Widely spread in the tropics of the Old World.

33. Solanum aculeatissimum, Jacq.-Near Taipo, Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Known from Swatow and Singapore.

N 22

34. Centranthera humifusa, Wall.-On the Fanling hills. The first record for the Colony but known from Kwangtung, India, Ceylon and Malaya.

35. Centranthera hispida, R. Br.-Collected by Mr. S. B. C. Ross in the New Territories. Also found in India, Ceylon, Malaya and Australia.

36. Eginetia indica, Roxb.-Near Taipo railway station and elsewhere, Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Common in China, Japan, India, Ceylon and Malaya.

37. Stachytarpheta indica, Vahl.-Near Shataukok, Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Dispersed over tropical Asia, Africa and America.

38. Callicarpa tomentosa, Willd.-Found by Mr. S. B. C. Ross near Taipo. Only known from China.

39. Elsholtzia cristata, Willd.--Collected at Pin Au by Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Only previously collected in Kwangtung on the Lien- chow river; also known from other parts of China, North India, Siberia, Manchuria and Japan.

40. Polygonum glabrum, Willd.-In a swamp near Sheungshui. Recorded from various parts of China, Asia, Africa and America.

41. Polygonum Posumbu, Ham.-At Shataukok, Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Known from other parts of China, Eastern Himalayas, Khasia, Java and Japan.

42. Glochidion obscurum, Bl.-At Potoau. Recorded from many places in China, also from the Malay peninsula.

43. Alpinia officinarum, Hance.-Collected in the hills near Potoau. Only previously recorded from Hainan and the very south of Kwangtung.

44. Belamcanda punctata, Moench.-Near Saikung, Mr. S. B. Known from various parts of China, Manchuria, Japan and North India.

C. Ross.

45. Smilax hypoglauca, Benth.-At Tatiyan, Mr. S. B. C..Ross. Only previously recorded from Hongkong and Hainan.

46. Hemerocallis fulva, Linn.-Near Sham Chung, Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Recorded from South Europe, Himalayas, China and Japan.

47. Monochoria vaginalis, Presl.--At Shataukok, Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Recorded from China, Japan, India and Malaya.

48. Commelina communis, Linn.-Near Shataukok, Mr. S. B. C. Ross. Known from China, Manchuria, and Japan.

M

Appendix O.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF EDUCATION FOR THE YEAR 1916.

SUMMARY OF CONTENTS:

Revenue and Expenditure.

Classification of Schools :-

(a) Schools to which the Ordinance does not apply :-

Government Schools.

Military and Police Schools.

Excluded Private Schools.

(b) Controlled Schools :-

Grant Schools.

Private Schools.

Subsidised (New Territories) Schools.

(c), The Technical Institute.

Numbers of Pupils.

University Matriculation and Local Examinations.

General.

ANNEXES.

I--Report of Inspector of English Schools. II.--Report of Director, Technical Institute.

TABLES.

I.--Government Schools.

II. Grant Schools: Annual Grant List.

III-Chart: Total Pupils in English and Vernacular Schools. IV. Percentage of Colonial Revenue spent on Education.

V.-University Examination Results.

VI.-Fees Remitted to Free Scholars.

VII. Technical Institute: Balance Sheet.

VIII.-

IX-XI

Do.

Figures of former years extracted.

Scholarship Accounts,-Balance Sheets.

0.2

REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

(Tables I, II, IV, VI, VII, and VIII.)

1. After deducting the school fees received, the total nett expenditure on education was $235,978 ($242,359 in 1915). The decrease is mainly due to decreased expenditure on Personal Emoluments (Education Office, Queen's College, Belilios Public School, and Ellis Kadoorie School) caused by higher exchange.

2. The ratio which expenditure on education bears to the total revenue of the Colony is 2:44 (2·81 in 1915) and is the lowest figure since 1906.

3. School and Technical Institute fees amounting to $85,123 were collected, ($85,713 in 1915). In addition $3,963.50 fees were remitted to free scholars, ($3,823.50 in 1915).

4. The cost of the Government Schools is compared in Table I with the average of preceding years.

CLASSIFICATION OF SCHOOLS.

5. This follows the arrangement explained in paragraph 4 of the report for 1914.

SCHOOLS TO WHICH THE ORDINANCE DOES NOT APPLY.

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS. (Table I.)

6. British Schools.-There has been a considerable falling off of attendance at the Victoria British School. This is attributed by the Inspector of English Schools to the number of children leaving for Home. But it is certain that the French Convent, newly established hard-by, has been a potent rival. The Peak School would have been practically full throughout the year, had it not been for an epidemic of whooping-cough. The school has proved a great success and tends to outgrow its building.

7. The most important innovation in the curriculum of the Kowloon and Victoria Schools is the teaching of Cantonese and the Chinese written language. Classes in these subjects were opened in the Summer term and held throughout the year. 14 boys attended, most of whom made good progress.

8. At the same two schools a year's free tuition is now being given to the top pupil in each Class. The smallness of some of the Classes has made the prize rather cheaply won.

9. In the course of the year an enquiry was made as to the desirability of teaching Shorthand and Book-keeping to the senior boys; but there seemed to be no demand for these subjects.

10. Queen's College and District Schools.-The steady decline in numbers at Queen's College seems to have been checked, although a very low attendance in the Spring brings the average down to the lowest on record.

11. At a meeting of the Legislative Council on 31st October, 1916, the Hon. Mr. Lau Chü-pak made the following comments on the education of Chinese boys :-

66

Turning to the question of the teaching of Chinese boys in English, we also agree that the methods in vogue may well be looked into and improved. Given the same length of time for schooling, and the same standard of education, the Chinese boys learning English nowadays do not as a rule speak and write the language so well as the students of a decade or two ago. The reason is, we should say, that too many subjects are crammed into the heads of the present day students before they have had a proper grounding in the fundamental elements of the language. At any rate English not being their mother tongue, the Chinese students cannot be expected to learn it with the same facility as the English students taught under the same system. We commend this important ques- tion to the careful attention of the authorities interested.

We say important, Sir, because, on the present day students the Courts here more or less depend for the supply in future of competent interpreters and translators, and the University for qualified undergraduates."

12. At the Annual Prize-giving at Queen's College, His Excellency the Governor announced his intention of appointing a Committee to consider these questions. The subjects taught in the Upper School at Queen's College are English Grammar, Composi- tion and Literature, Mathematics, History (with its Geography) with. Physics and Chemistry to those in the University side", and Commercial Geography, Book-keeping and Shorthand to those in the Commercial "side". Chinese Literature and Translation from and into Chinese are taken by all. In Queen's College Lower School and in the District Schools the subjects taught are English Grammar, Reading, Conversation, Recitation, and Composition; Geography, Arithmetic and Object Lessons.

13. The call of the war has adversely affected the staff of English teachers and has drained the establishment of English- speaking Chinese Masters.

14. An investigation brought to light a curious weakness in the connection between the District Schools and Queen's College. A large number of free places from the former are given to the latter thus making an educational path towards the University. Unfor- tunately-whatever the reason--the holders of these free places do not as might be hoped all follow the path. Of 19 appointed in 1912-13 to Class 3 only 5 were to be found in Class 1 two years later, and of 19 in 1913-14 only 3 were there in 1915-16. One reason is probably the poverty of the parents who require their sons of 18 or 20 to be earning money and not merely getting free tuition. Another reason may be that most of these boys take the Commercial Side which has hitherto stopped at Class II. A Class I Commercial has lately been formed in the hope of retaining them.

15. The Ellis Kadoorie School for Indians at So Kon Poo was opened on 16th October, 1916, by His Excellency the Governor. The building (presented to the Colony by Mr. Ellis Kadoorie) is very suitable and the playgrounds are, by the standards of the Colony,

4

luxurious. An English Master has been appointed. The school is at present a feeder to Queen's College, but may possibly develop an Upper School of its own.

16. The remaining District Schools continue to do good work. 17. The Belilios Public School continues to do excellent work. 18. Trust Funds.-Several Trust Funds for Scholarships are held by the Director of Education. Balance Sheets of these are given in Tables IX, X, and XI.

MILITARY SCHOOLS.

19. Garrison Schools.--I am indebted to the Inspector of Army Schools for the following information :--

"There are only two schools open, Victoria and a small school at Stonecutters; that at Lyemun was closed in May on account of the small number attending. The average daily number on the rolls was 105, compared with 114 last year, and the percentage of attendance was 90."

POLICE SCHOOL.

20. The average attendance was 28 (31 in 1915; 42 in 1914). The master in charge reports that the discipline and progress of the men attending have been satisfactory.

EXCLUDED PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

21. St. Stephen's and St. Paul's Colleges belonging to the Church Missionary Society have an attendance of 525 boys (506 in 1915); and the same body manages St. Stephen's Girls' College, which has an average attendance of 120 (120 in 1915).

CONTROLLED SCHOOLS,

GRANT SCHOOLS.

(Table II.)

22. During the year all the English Grant Schools were in- spected, the Inspector of English Schools devoting at least two days to each school. In them all, work was done in the presence of the Inspector and all exercises written during Term were examined. In this way it was possible to form a very clear estimate of the regularity of the work and of the progress made. Weak points were discussed with the Head Teachers concerned, and in all such cases the Inspector's advice was readily accepted.

23. The work of these schools is generally of a high order; great attention is devoted to the training of character, and in the girls' schools to training in domestic subjects such as cookery, home-nursing and first aid to the injured.

24. The number of Vernacular schools in receipt of a grant is now 32 of which only 6 are boys' schools. 103 teachers-62 men and 41 women-attended the Normal Class at the Technical Institute. This good attendance is a hopeful sign for the future of Vernacular Education,

0 5

ENGLISH PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

The Inspector of English Schools reports:-

25. During the year 1 Girls' School (Day) and 19 Boys' Schools (1 Day and 18 Night) closed their doors, and I new Girls' School (Day), and 17 new Boys' Schools (Night) were opened.

26. The total number of Schools open was :-Day Schools,--5 Girls' and 22 Boys'; Night Schools,-45 Boys'; with a maximum enrolment of 97 girls and 1,440 boys in the Day Schools and 1,096 boys in the Night Schools, making a total of 2,633 pupils.

These figures include 2 Exempted Schools,-the Catholic Seminary, a Day School with 18 students training for the priesthood, and a Night School maintained by the Kowloon Wharf and Godown Company for the instruction of some of their Chinese employees, with 67 in attendance.

27. Two Day Schools and one Night School have been transferred to the Vernacular Register.

28. The education given in most of the schools is necessarily very elementary. The methods of the teachers are improving, but until teachers who have been trained at the Normal Classes find it worth their while to conduct English Private Schools, no great increase in efficiency can be looked for.

29. Discipline is generally good, and an attempt is being made to insist on good manners. Punctuality is, as reported last year, in many schools almost an unknown virtue.

30. Some of the schools, however, are doing good work, and are conducted in a highly creditable manner.

VERNACULAR PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

31. The Inspector of Vernacular Schools reports that fewer Private Day Schools were closed, and fewer opened: a good sign, pointing to greater stability among them. The number at the end of the year was 289 (266 in 1915). 54 schools were struck off the Register and 20 disappeared without notification.

32. Of these schools, only 13 are classified as thoroughly satis- factory; 188 are second rate. 88 were returned as inefficient, of which 16 have been struck off the Register and warning notices were issued to the rest, a proceeding usually followed by their voluntary disappearance.

33. Proceedings were instituted against two unlawful schools; in both cases, successfully.

34. New Private Night Schools-numbering 14-were registered and 11 were closed. One Night School for girls was opened by special permission. It was a failure.

SUBSIDISED SCHOOLS-NEW TERRITORIES.

35. Of the 47 schools which were subsidised last year one (at Wong Toi Shan) was struck off the list as being inefficient, and five

0 6

closed (at Tai Hang, Fung Yuen, Lo Wai, Tai O, and Wo Mui). Six new schools were granted a subsidy (at Shuen Wan, Chung Uk Tsuen, Fan Ling, San Hui, Sha Tin, and Tseng Yi Island), the total number thus again being 47.

36. The number of pupils is 1,093-only one less than last year, and the average attendance 903. Of these only 36 are girls, 13 of whom are divided among five schools, while Girls' Schools at Tsuen Wan and Sheung Shui are responsible for the remaining 23.

37. At 11 of these schools the teaching is on modern lines and efficient, and five others are fair. The remainder are inferior, and seven of them which have proved most unsatisfactory are being struck off the list as from the end of the year. These were at Chau Tau, San Hui, Yeung Siu Hang, Sheung Shui (Boys), Tseng Lan Shu, Ping Long Wan, and Shan Tsui.

38. Three free scholars were admitted to Taipo English School from. Vernacular Schools and two to Un Long.

39. Each school has been visited at least once by the Inspector and three times by the sub-inspector of New Territories Vernacular Schools.

NUMBERS OF PUPILS.

40. The total number of pupils at schools in the Colony exclud- ing the Police School and the uncontrolled schools in the New Terri- tories are:

Number of Pupils in

Total.

English Vernacular

Schools. Schools.

*Government Schools,...

* Military Schools,

2,433

2,433

105

105

*Excluded Private Schools,

645

645

* Grant Schools,

1,522

1,978

3,500

† Controlled Private Schools,

2,633

10,159

12,792

† Controlled

Private Schools,

New Territories,..

1,093

1,093

Technical Institute,.

535

535

Total,

* Average attendance.

7,873

13,230

21,103

+ Total enrolment.

41. This is an increase of 1,247 over 1915, the increase in pupils in English Schools being 109, and in the Vernacular Schools 1,138. Both increases have occurred in the Private Controlled Schools, and not in the Government or Grant Schools, which remain numerically about the same.

07

TECHNICAL INSTITUTE,

42. The Institute continues to do useful though not ambitious work. The Classes are mostly well attended, especially those for the training of teachers. The percentage of students who sit for the Annual Examination is low, (55%), from which it would appear that most of the students obviously attend to gain information rather than a certificate. The Third Year's Examination in Building Construction was passed by one student; in Practical Chemistry, 1; English, 3; Shorthand (Speed) 8; Teachers' English, 7; and Tea- chers' Vernacular, 18. There were also 66 Passes in the Second Year's Courses of the above subjects and Field Surveying, Mathematics, Book-keeping, and First Aid.

43. The number of students who attend the Teachers' Classes is satisfactory being 46 at the English Classes and 105 at the Verna- cular Classes.

44. Some interesting extracts are given by the Director of the Institute from the Report of the Examiner in Shorthand. His report is given in Appendix II.

HONGKONG UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS.

45. There were 129 successes (99 in 1915), Queen's College again heading the list. Two passes for the Senior Local were ob-. tained at the British Schools, as well as 10 for the Junior.

GENERAL.

46. Mr. Dealy, Headmaster of Queen's College, was absent on leave for the greater part of the year. Other members of the Staff were seconded for active or employed on war work as stated in my

report for last year.

E. IRVING, Director of Education.

Education Department,

11th June, 1917.

Annexe A.

EXTRACTS FROM REPORT OF INSPECTOR OF ENGLISH SCHOOLS.

Kowloon and Victoria British Schools.-On Empire Day, His Excellency the Governor announced the establishment of scholar- ships in connection with the Kowloon British School and the Victoria British School, one free Scholarship for one year being given annually in each class from Class 7 to Class 2 inclusive.

Preparations were made during the year to introduce the teach- ing of Shorthand and Book-keeping, but there seemed to be no demand for these Subjects. A Class for the study of Chinese was started in August. It was held twice a week by an experienced Chinese Master. Conversation and reading in Cantonese are taught. Six boys from the Victoria British School and eight from the Kow- loon British School joined; of the nine who presented themselves for examination 1 was classed as Very Good, 3 as Good, 2 as Fair, and 3 as Poor..

Prizes were offered through Mr. Frost by certain Members of the Overseas Club for essays on "The Great War". Two boys and two girls in each of the British Schools received awards.

Kowloon British School.

in 1915).

The Maximum Enrolment was 71 (87

The Minimum Enrolment was 56 (63 in 1915).

Average Attendance was 60 (66 in 1915).

The cost of each unit in Average Attendance was $150.44 ($140.62 in 1915).

Twenty-two new pupils joined during the year. One boy and two girls have not missed a day for three years.

In September Mr. E. J. Edwards was appointed Headmaster vice Mr. A. T. Hamilton transferred to Queen's College.

Two rooms in the School quarters are now utilised as Class-rooms. The health of the School generally has been good throughout the year; there have been no cases of serious illness. The Medical Officer has carried out periodical inspections."

Throughout the School, a very considerable improvement is noticeable. Work is done and corrected systematically, with the result that exercises which at one time were conspicuously untidy are now carefully and neatly written. In every Class, there are evidences of careful and diligent attention to work, on the part of both teachers and pupils. Untidiness in the Class-rooms has disappeared, and the buildings, grounds and offices are in a satisfactory condition. The School is undoubtedly making rapid progress.

The syllabus of studies in Classes 1 and 2 is drawn up to meet the requirements of the Hongkong University Local Examinations. All pupils in these Classes were presented for the University Ex- aminations in December. Two girls took the Senior Local Examina- tion, and both passed; seven girls took the Junior and six passed.

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Three boys entered---one for the Senior and two for the Junior --and all failed. As was anticipated, the failure was due chiefly to weakness in Mathematics. With the exception of Mathematics in Classes 1, 2 and 3 (boys), good progress has been made in all subjects during the year. The Classes mentioned are very weak in Mathematics. A slight improvement has been noticeable recently. but the standard of work requires to be raised considerably if boys are to pass in these Subjects at the University Local Examinations. Special Classes are being held in Algebra and Geometry. In Draw- ing excellent results have been obtained. Three branches of the subject are taken up and the specimens of work done by the Classes mentioned are deserving of high praise. Classes 4 and 5 have also produced several very creditable drawings in colour.

Class 4 taught by Miss Cooper shews considerably improved work. The Kindergarten Class has been very successful. Paper- folding, Clay-modelling, and Drawing are quite good. Writing and Arithmetic are carefully taught.

The value of a knowledge of Chinese to boys who intend to enter business firms in Hongkong is obvious. It is therefore dis- appointing to report that only four of the nine senior boys have taken up the subject. They are making satisfactory progress.

The discipline and tone of the School are very good. The children attend regularly and appear to be happy and contented in their work. There are exceptionally few cases of unpunctual attendance.

The Annual Prize Distribution was presided over by the Hon. Mr. P. H. Holyoak.

A collection has been made each month on behalf of the War Charities Funds. The total amount collected during the year was $166.30. Many pupils assisted on Rose Day and Heather Day. Great keenness has been shewn in athletics. The outstanding feature of the year is the success of the School in winning the Hong- kong Inter-schools Swimming Challenge Shield, the first trophy of the kind which it has won. Hockey is regularly played by both girls and boys under supervision. The boys play cricket.

All the boys play football with their respective sections of the Cadet Corps, and during the summer attend swimming parties weekly. Every boy over seven years of age is a member of the Cadet Corps, which went into Camp for 10 days in January last.

Victoria British School.-The Maximum Enrolment was 60 (86 in 1915).

The Minimum Enrolment was 47 (63 in 1915).

The Average Attendance was 47 (65 in 1915).

The cost of each unit in Average Attendance was $118.63 ($109.52 in 1915). The reduced attendance is attributed to war conditions, many children having left for Home, and but few return- ing. In April one ship alone took away 10 children from this School.

The work continues to improve. French is very good; the chil- dren readily answer orally in French questions put to them in that

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language. Reading in French is also very satisfactory. Recitation is good; the children in Classes 5 and 6 especially recite with intel- ligence and enunciate clearly. Reading is intelligent. Special atten- tion is devoted to English and Mathematics in the Upper School, and throughout to handwriting, which is certainly in great need of improvement. Drawing is good.

The Kindergarten Class is successfully taught.

Physical Drill, on the lines laid down by the Education Depart- ment in England, is taken regularly. It is apparent that the girls take more interest in this subject than do the boys.

At the Hongkong University Local Examinations in December 1 girl and 3 boys were presented in the Junior Section, and all passed. No other children in the School were available for these Examinations.

Six boys attended the Chinese Class, and at the examination two did very well indeed, one of them winning the Prize offered by the Director of Education for competition in the two British Schools. The Annual Prize Distribution was presided over by His Excellency the Governor. The School has the advantage of possessing an ex- cellent sports-ground. Football, cricket and fives are played by the boys, and hockey by the girls. Swimming is indulged in during the summer months. All boys over 10 years of age belong to the Cadet Corps, and a number of the girls belong to the Girl Guides.

The girls work in connection with the Ministering Children's League, the proceeds of a Bazaar being devoted to charities con- cerned with the welfare of children both in the Colony and at Home. They also rendered help on Rose Day and Heather Day. A movement is on foot to establish a permanent memorial of three old boys, Lieut. E. W. H. Brett and Lieut. George Hoskyns who were killed in France, and Private W. A. T. Bullock, who was killed in Gallipoli.

Dr. McKenny has medically examined the school every quarter, and reported on the health of the children. His recommendations, chiefly with regard to the eyes and teeth, have been forwarded to the parents concerned, but the advice given is too frequently ignored. The Peak School.-The Maximum Enrolment was 45 (39 in 1915).

The Minimum Enrolment was 18 (18 in 1915). Average Attendance was 29 (24 in 1915).

The cost of each unit in Average Attendance was $151.40 ($335.75 in 1915).

The School has now completed its third year. 32 new pupils have been admitted and 16 have left during this period.

The general health of the School, which has been visited quarterly by Dr. McKenny, has been very good, although an out- break of whooping-cough in July, which threatened to become an epidemic and which continued well on to the beginning of October, was the cause of a considerably decreased attendance during the months of July, September and October.

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Another reason for the low average attendance in the summer months was that from the beginning of May many pupils were away either at Weihaiwei or in Japan, many of them not returning until the end of October.

Only nine children have attended regularly throughout the year. During October and November the School again filled, the latter month having the record average attendance of 43.

With the increased attendance the difficulties of suitable classi- fication were felt.

In Classes 2, 3 and 4, the work done is very satisfactory. The children read English and French extremely well; Arithmetic is very good, but Writing in some cases calls for attention.

Discipline, which I was obliged to criticise somewhat severely last year, is now excellent.

Classes 5, 6, 7 and 8 are taught in one group. Reading in the Senior Division (Classes 5 and 6) is very good. Brushwork is satisfactory.

The Infants' Class, taught by Miss Rodger, is in two Divisions. Kindergarten work is good, but very little is done, as it is understood that parents do not desire it. French is very good. Singing, also in French, is good.

Drill is evidently much liked by the pupils; exercises are vigorously and smartly carried out. Breathing exercises are cor- rectly done, and the Medical Officer reports that the chest measure- ments of the children have been increased thereby. As at Victoria British School, it is noticeable that physical exercises are done better by girls than by boys.

Simple games suited to the space at the disposal of the pupils are played daily. By the kindness of the Hon. Mr. Claud Severn, Athletic Sports were held on his ground in April.

The older children have recently started a fund, to which they subscribe a small sum weekly, for the support of one prisoner-of- war in Germany. Many of the children assisted on Rose Day and Heather Day.

Queen's College.-The Maximum Enrolment was 613 (565 in 1915).

The Minimum Enrolment was 410 (427 in 1915).

The Average Attendance was 465 (486 in 1915).

The cost of each unit in Average Attendance was $127.42 ($123.51 in 1915). Queen's College has been visited very fre-- quently, especially during the last four months of the year. My remarks are based upon personal observation and upon a study of class exercise books, examination papers, and the detailed results of the University Local Examinations.

English Composition.-The Composition in Class 1 (Matricula- tion Class) is distinctly good, and at the Hongkong University Matriculation Examination of 19 pupils 18 passed in "English Essay". In Class 2A the work is also very satisfactory, as shewn in

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Class exercises; while at the Junior Examination of 73 pupils 60 passed in "English Essay". In other Divisions of Class 2 there is a varying standard, but with steady work the standard of Class 1 should easily be attained next year.

In Class 3A (Full Course) Composition is exceptionally good ; other Divisions of Class 3 are not so satisfactory. In the Lower School, the work done in Class 7 calls for special mentiou.

More attention has been given to the teaching of the subject recently. I have several times carefully inspected the work of various Classes and offered criticisms and suggestions, which are being acted upon. If the printed "Rules regarding the teaching of Composition are faithfully followed, a steady improvement in the writing of English will undoubtedly result.

""

English Reading, (Prepared Author).-The weakest subject in Class 3, all Divisions, in both the Full and the Commercial Course, is English Literature. In the Full Course, of 67 pupils examined only 22 passed; and in the Commercial Course 44 were examined and only 4 passed. These deplorable results shew clearly that the Subject calls for much more careful application and study. With the gradual improvement and increased interest shewn in English Composition it is difficult to account for the lack of interest shewn in this branch of English. Turning to Class 2, we find that at the Hongkong University Junior Examination of 71 pupils present- ed in the subject, 34 (or less than 50%) passed. Fortunately an im- provement is shewn in the University Matriculation Examination, where of 19 pupils presented in Class 1, 14 (or nearly 75%) passed.

Dictation. At the University Matriculation Examination of 19 pupils only 5 passed, and at the Junior Examination of 71 examined 54 passed. It must be remembered that a Dictation Test at a public examination is extremely unsatisfactory; that candidates are unaccustomed to the voice of the "reader", and those seated at some distance from him are at a great disadvantage as compared with those seated nearer him. At the same time, I would recommend that more practice be given in Dictation Exercises-a short piece occupying 5 to 10 minutes might be given daily.

Chinese. In view of the importance attached to the study of Chinese in the College, the results at the University Examination were disappointing in the Junior Section, where of 64 pupils ex- amined only 40 passed. In the Senior Section the results were bet- ter, 11 pupils passing out of 14 presented.

Reporting on Translation from Chinese into English in Class 3, the Inspector of Vernacular Schools states that the passages set for Translation were too difficult for the Class; the results were on the whole fair, but the pupils were not able to analyse the passage

set.

In Translation into Chinese there were poor results due to the inability of the pupils to write a proper Chinese Composition.

Shorthand. A Visiting Master has been appointed to teach Shorthand and a gradual improvement is taking place in this sub- ject, which last year was extremely unsatisfactory. In July the Ex- aminer reported, after a very careful examination :- The results,

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taken as a whole, cannot be regarded as satisfactory, for out of the 36 boys only 14 were able to reach the very moderate standard re- quired for a pass. It must be admitted, however, that there was a very remarkable difference in the quality of the papers, taking into consideration the fact that the boys have all had the same oppor- tunities for study. The best papers reached a very high level and the leading boys, if able to manipulate a typewriter, ought soon to qualify, if their ambition lie in that direction, for some remunera- tive positions in commercial houses. On the other hand the papers handed in by some of the 'failures' were unusually bad and show a woeful ignorance of ordinary English words and very little know- ledge of the elementary rules of Shorthand."

During the last four months of the year more time has been given to the subject, and fair progress has been made. The Ex- aminer reports:-"The progress has been slow but, in my opinion, it has been sufficient to justify the belief that the boys will derive practical advantage from their studies in the future."

The weakness lies, not in the knowledge of Shorthand, but in the lack of knowledge of English, and here again not in English Composition but in the limited vocabulary of the pupils. "Many mistakes are made which an English boy, with half the knowledge of Shorthand, would avoid. Where Shorthand outlines are alike, it is difficult for the Chinese to judge from the context which is the right word to use. It is useless to expect rapid progress in Short- hand unless the student has a comprehensive grasp of the English language.'

"}

The remedy lies in increased attention to English "Reading (prepared authors) where the pupil has above all things the oppor- tunity of increasing his vocabulary. It has already been pointed out that this subject is very weak and its weakness has ટી. direct effect

upon the Shorthand results.

Mathematics.-Mathematical subjects throughout the Upper School are generally very satisfactory.

Lower School.-In the Lower School Algebra and Geometry were as last year extremely unsatisfactory; the pupils obviously do not understand the latter subject. Both subjects were discontinued in Class 5 last year, and after the Annual Examination in July last were dropped entirely in Classes 5 and 4. The time so gained will be spent to much greater advantage on the study of the English language.

Geography is weak throughout except in Class 4A. Map Draw- ing, however, is very good in every Class.

There is an improvement in Dictation.

Arithmetic is, as last year, very unsatisfactory, though the work done in this Subject is certainly neater than last year, especially in Class 6.

Writing, except in a few individual cases in each Class, is poor and calls for attention.

In connection with the Lower School I would draw attention to

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the constitution of the Staff. Of the 8 Divisions, 4A is taught by an English Master; 4B, 4c, 5 and 6 are taught by Grade IV Masters; Class 7 by a Grade V Master; and Classes 5в and 6в by Pupil Teachers. The Staff is inferior to that of the Ellis Kadoorie. School or the Saiyingpun School.

In consideration of the fact that the fees charged at Queen's College are $5 per mensem as against $3 at the District Schools, it would seem reasonable that the Staff of the College should always be at least equal to that at the District Schools.

Physical Drill.-Physical Drill, based on the Course approved by the English Board of Education, has been taken up seriously in all Government Schools with the exception of Queen's College, where its adoption has been postponed from time to time on various grounds. With so many Pupil Teachers and Members of the Staff thoroughly capable of teaching the Subject, it is to be urgently hoped that exercises will commence in all Classes next Term.

General. Attention has, as in previous years, been devoted to Sports and the "social side" of the College.

Normal Department.-The work of the Pupil Teachers, under the instruction of Mr. Tanner, the Normal Master, has been highly satisfactory. At their Annual Examination all the Pupil Teachers passed. There were three weak Candidates in the First Year and one in the Third Year; the Second Year results were specially good. Great attention is given to English Reading (prepared authors) and to Composition, which were very good in the Second and Third Years, but not so good in the First Year. Geography was weak throughout. In the important subjects of School Method and Practical Teaching all the Candidates did well, except two in the First Year.

The Normal Master takes great interest not only in the mental development but in the physical training of the Pupil Teachers. Physical Drill, as taught by Mr. Tanner, is very considerably above the standard attained in similar Institutions in England. The Pupil Teachers voluntarily attend also Chinese Boxing Classes, where the exercises indulged in seem to combine the best points of some of the European "Systems". On at least two Sundays in each month Mr. Tanner takes the men on walking picnics to historic or interest- ing spots on the Island or in the New Territories. During the summer months sea bathing is indulged in regularly, and all the Pupil Teachers are expert swimmers. It is hardly necessary to say that the best feeling exists among the men in the Normal Class, and that they work willingly and well.

Ellis Kadoorie School.-The Maximum Enrolment was 460 (453 in 1915).

The Minimum Enrolment was 355 (207 in 1915). Average Attendance was 388 (379 in 1915).

The cost of each unit in Average Attendance was $39 ($44.60 in 1915).

As was pointed out last year what is necessary in this School is the laying of sound educational foundations and it is towards this that the efforts of the Head Master and his Staff are mainly directed.

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Special attention is given to English, in Reading Lessons and in Object Lessons. In connexion with the latter, use is made of topical pictures as well as of the usual school-room apparatus. Reading in the A Division of all Classes is good, and has consider- ably improved since last year. In Class 811A boys who have been admitted during the last six months have made quite good progress. It is still necessary, however, to give attention to pronunciation in all Classes, the common Chinese errors in both consonants and vowel sounds being frequently met with. Attention has been given to phrasing, and the reading is generally deliberate.

Conversation, based on the Reading Books and the various pictures and specimens used in Object Lessons, is improving; efforts should be made to prevent the too frequent use of stereotyped an- swers, which were evident in Class 71. A good feature is the use made of Object Lessons in Conversation: the Lessons are given regularly in the Hall to combined Sections of Classes, and boys are encouraged to talk. Occasionally a Lesson is given by a senior boy. War pictures, with descriptions in English, are displayed in Class- rooms and basement, and serve the double purpose of giving in- formation respecting the War and providing topics of conversation. The School supplies two English and several Chinese illustrated papers from the profit on sale of exercise books. The papers are widely read. Recitation in Class 4 is fairly good, but as in Reading more attention to pronunciation is necessary. The object of the Teacher in every Class should be to make his pupils recite a selec- tion-however brief-not only with intelligence, but with perfect pronunciation. Unless this is done, Recitation is of very little value.

The pupils are encouraged to draw and paint, and Class 4 room contains a large collection of sketches and paintings-some of them of considerable merit-by boys in various Classes.

Drill is very successfully taught by Mr. Mycock and, under his supervision, by several Chinese Masters. The Course followed is based upon that drawn up for the Board of Education in England. The boys obviously enjoy this part of their education. In summer Swimming takes the place of drill. In the Schools Aquatic Sports, this school won the Team Race and in the 220 yards swimming race obtained 1st, 2nd, and 3rd places.

In the Written Examination Class 8 shows fair results, con- sidering the length of time the boys have been attending school.

In 7C and 7D Composition is very good, Dictation weak and Arithmetic very weak; 7B is good throughout, except in Arithmetic; 7A is a very good Class, doing well in all subjects.

Class 6C is very unsatisfactory; the boys in this Class are weak in all subjects except Reading and Recitation. Class 6B is also unsatisfactory though less so than 6C; Dictation is particularly poor. 6A is a very good Class, Arithmetic being the only weak subject. In Class 5B questions on Object Lessons were well answered orally, but the written work is very poor, as is also Dictation. Grammar and Arithmetic are weak. Class 5A shews signs of careful teaching though Dictation and Arithmetic are unsatisfactory.

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Class 4 shews very good results except in Geography, which is very weak.

Penmanship is very good in all Classes, but especially in 7A. There is a marked inferiority however in the writing as shewn in examination papers and Class work. This must inevitably occur to a certain extent, but the difference may be lessened by penalising badly written exercises by loss of marks.

In all Classes, the lower Divisions are much inferior to the higher.

In Class 6C at least half the boys could be removed to a lower Class with advantage to themselves and the School, and in other Divisions there are many boys who seem unable to cope satisfactorily with the work required of them, and who would profit by demotion or at least by remaining for a second year in the same Class. I would recommend the former course, as tending to more equal classification.

The Inspector of Vernacular Schools reports that Composition in Class IV is very good on the whole, some boys being up to the standard of Class III; the subject is satisfactory in all other classes. Answers to questions on Readers and History in Class IV are mostly rather vague, due probably to the questions being a little too wide, but the pupils made good attempts; Class V shews a fair knowledge of History, and the remaining Classes are satisfactory, except in the answers to questions on Confucius in Class VII, which is poor. Handwriting is unsatisfactory in Class IV, but very satisfactory in all other Classes.

Saiyingpun School.-The Maximum Enrolment was 409 (390) in

1915).

The Minimum Enrolment was 299 (241 in 1915).

Average Attendance was 349 (326 in 1915).

The cost of each unit in Average Attendance was $25.57 ($25 in 1915). Over 200 applied for admission of these 160 were admitted and the remainder rejected either on account of age, or inability to pass the entrance examination in Chinese.

Mr. Ray commenced duties in February.

The Discipline of the School is excellent, and the work done is highly satisfactory.

Reading and Conversation are good throughout, but especially so in the lowest Classes, where these subjects are very successfully taught by Mrs. Morris. In the Classes taught by Chinese Masters pronunciation calls for some attention. Special care is devoted to handwriting, which throughout the School is considerably above average standard. Exercise books were well written and neat. Composition is generally very good, and, with the exception of those in one Class, all exercises have been very carefully corrected.

the

Football and Volley Ball teams were entered in their respective Leagues. The School is handicapped in all games through lack of space. For the same reason, Physical Exercises cannot be taken as they should be. At the Hongkong Schools Sports held in April the School secured two "Firsts".

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Swimming has received much attention. A club has been formed which goes out twice a week to Stonecutters. The usual picnics and excursions were held. Among the places visited were Shatin, Clear Water Bay, and Big Wave Bay. At Shatin, Sports were held, about 330 Masters and boys participating. At the Am- bulance Brigade Aquatic Sports held in October, the Saiyingpun Division carried off ten prizes.

Dr. Keyt kindly offered to give lectures in First Aid Work to Class IV. Of 38 examined under the St. John Ambulance Associa- tion 33 passed, the passes obtaining an average mark of 80 per cent. These boys, having now left the school, have been formed into an Old Boys' Division of the St. John Ambulance Brigade, with Dr. Moore and Dr. Chak as Divisional Surgeons.

At the Ambulance Competition held on "Our Day" in October this Division, although formed only three months previously, was placed second in order of merit, losing by only 2 per cent of marks to the Police Reserve Ambulance Platoon formed 18 months pre- viously. The Division is now attached to the Hongkong Volunteer Reserves for service as required.

<<

On Our Day" boys from this school sold roses in aid of the Red Cross Funds, and handed in the sum of $795.95.

Among experiments which have been tried during the year are a Chinese Band, Singing (Solfa), a School Library, and an English Speaking Association. The English Speaking Association is con- fined to Classes 4 and 5. Members are required to refrain from speaking in the Vernacular during School hours. A Chess Club has been started, and promises well.

The Literature on the War sent out by the Chinese Chamber of Commerce has been distributed, sufficient copies being retained in order that all pupils admitted during the Term might receive one. Messrs. Nestle Company supply monthly 31 dozen copies of the St. George's Magazine, which are distributed and read with interest in the Remove Classes.

Mr. Ho Kom-tong, who distributed the Prizes in February last, has endowed two Scholarships, each of the value of $30, for Classes 5 and 6, and named the "Ho Kom-tong" and the "Ralphs Scholarship respectively.

Wantsai School.-The Maximum Enrolment was 270 (279 in

1915).

The Minimum Enrolment was 229 (154 in 1915). Average Attendance was 232 (244 in 1915).

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The cost of each unit in Average Attendance was $19.73 ($15.52 in 1915).

The discipline is good, and the boys are polite; "Daily Con- duct Rules" are displayed on the walls, and addresses on the subject are given to all Classes in turn by the Headmaster. Throughout the school there is an air of diligent application. English Conversation is good, in the Lower Classes a very good beginning has been made. The Headmaster has prepared a

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number of simple dialogues which the pupils learn; the boys thus become accustomed to speaking English with one another. * Read- ing is generally satisfactory, though more attention should be given to vowel sounds; a tendency to read too quickly also needs to be checked. The work done in Class 5 calls for special mention.

Drawing is encouraged throughout the school and some very clever work was produced during the year. Map Drawing is also good. All Classes in turn are taken in Drill and Physical Exercises by the Headmaster, who explains the reason for the various move- ments. Football, and in summer Swimming, are popular, and the School had walking tours to such places as Kowloon City, Aber- deen, and the Kowloon Waterworks.

Yaumati School. The Maximum Enrolment was 297 (282 in

1915).

The Minimum Enrolment was 210 (173 in 1915). Average Attendance was 253 (234 in 1915).

The cost of each unit in Average Attendance was $28.32 ($29.42 in 1915).

Reading, Recitation, Penmanship, and Composition were very good in all classes; Grammar and Colloquial were good, but Arithmetic which, notwithstanding the special attention given, is still the weakest subject, was poor throughout. One reason for this seems to be a difficulty in understanding exactly what is meant by the questions and another is a somewhat prevalent tendency to carelessness.

The work done by Classes 4, 8A, 8B, and 8C was very satis- factory. Classes 5A and 5B also did good work but Classes (A and 6B were not so satisfactory. The work done by Classes 7A and 7B was good on the whole.

Drill is taken regularly, with benefit to the health and disci- pline of the pupils. Increased interest is taken in athletics; Swim- ming is popular, the Football Team has had a very successful season and School Sports were held for the first time during the

year.

Belilios Public School.-This Girls' School was subjected to a searching inspection and examination in 1915, and has been visited several times during the year under review.

The work done has invariably been found to be excellent, and the institution may well be described as a Model School. The following extract from a Report by the Headmistress, Mrs. Tutcher, briefly outlines the activities of the School :-

----

The Maximum Enrolment was 433 (401 in 1915).

The Minimum Enrolment was 352 (327 in 1915).

Average Attendance was 384 (362 in 1915).

The cost of each unit in Average Attendance was $35.83 ($43.48 in 1915).

The health of the pupils was good throughout the year, but there were many absentees in December on account of vaccination

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and fear of small-pox. No case has occurred amongst the pupils so far as I am aware.

There have been more changes than usual in the Staff. At the beginning of the year, the three Vernacular Masters who were responsible for the teaching of Chinese in the Upper Classes, were transferred to Boys' schools, and their places were taken by the Senior Mistresses. Four Vernacular Mistresses resigned for health reasons so that of the 18 Chinese teachers, 7 are new. In the English Staff, one Assistant resigned, and five Mistresses secured more lucrative posts in offices and elsewhere, necessitating 6 new appointments in an English Staff of 13. All this has made the work of supervision much heavier than usual, but fortunately the appoint- ment, in the spring, of an additional trained and certificated Mistress who is responsible for the Remove Classes, relieved pressure in the Upper Department.

There are 28 candidates for the Local Examinations this year, the highest number we have yet had. Of the sixteen who entered for the Oxford Preliminary, fifteen passed. For the July examina- tion of the University there were eight Juniors, and four Seniors, and all passed,-with thirteen Distinctions in Scripture, Needlework, and Geography.

Early in February a class was formed in connection with the St. John Ambulance Association. Dr. McGregor very kindly under- took the lectures, and Miss Esther Kotewall, a former pupil of the school, gave lessons in bandaging. At the examination by Dr. Koch in April, all the 17 candidates passed, the general average being reported very good. Stimulated by this success, and also because these Senior pupils really enjoy the teaching, they have lately taken a course in First Aid through the great kindness of Dr. Keyt who has recently given lectures at the School.

Eighteen candidates sat for this examination, which was conduct- ed by Deputy Surgeon-General Dreaper at the Royal Naval Hospital, and 16 passed. The thanks of the students concerned are gratefully given to these various Lecturers and Examiners. The subject has been exceedingly popular, especially with the Chinese pupils, with whom it has been the first introduction to Western methods of deal- ing with accidents and sickness. Judging by the aptitude displayed in the practical work, they ought to make excellent nurses, should such a field ever be opened up for them.

The Cookery class, which is still very popular, has been supple- mented by a second class on Saturday mornings at the request of those pupils who were no longer eligible for the elementary class, but who wished to keep up and improve upon what they had already learned. There has been great competition recently on account of prizes to the amount of $50 generously offered by Mrs. E. R. Belilios, the widow of the Founder of the school.

Class 4 received instruction in practical Laundry Work, and in a surprisingly short time were able to wash, starch and iron their own handkerchiefs, aprons, etc. This subject can only be taught in the cold weather.

Physical Drill also can only be properly taught in the winter

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season. The Mistresses first receive a course of instruction from Miss Henderson, the Second Mistress, and afterwards each teacher drills her own class regularly.

It is satisfactory to find that the school as a whole does not show any sign of weariness in well doing. Besides making themselves responsible for the maintenance of two small Chinese orphans in the Victoria Home and the Foundling Home respectively they have during the past year made special efforts to help the funds of the Ministering League and the Red Cross Organization and altogether have succeeded in raising the sum of $1,600 for different charities. One of the most enjoyable of school days was that on which, by the kind permission of Dr. Gibson of the Nethersole Hospital, the small portege of the Hongkong Branch of the Ministering Children's League was brought down in her cot under the charge of one of the nurses, so that she might participate in the joys of a Magic Lantern shown at the school. The small guest was not too ill to enjoy all the attention she received, and she outrivalled the Lantern itself in interest.

Praya East School. The Maximum Enrolment was 109 (108 in 1915).

The Minimum Enrolment was 77 (53 in 1915).

Average Attendance was 89 (88 in 1915).

The cost of each unit in Average Attendance was $26.63 ($25.68 in 1915).

The Staff consists entirely of Chinese Masters who have been trained or are in process of training at the Technical Institute Teachers' Classes.

The general health of the school has been very good, although the rooms are very hot in summer.

Recitation and Reading seem to be the best subjects. Writing is fair in Class 8, satisfactory in Class 7 and very good in Class 6. Arithmetic in Class 7 needs attention; the work in Class 8 is exceptionally neat, but greater accuracy in working is necessary. Boys who have entered schools with Scholarships from this School have done very creditable work, one of them being, at a recent examination, among the five successful candidates for Student Interpreterships, out of over 60 competitors.

Notwithstanding the lack of a playing field, or in fact of any open space near the School, the boys take an active interest in sports, and play Football on the Victoria School ground whenever it can be made use of. In order to explain the water supply of Hongkong, the boys were taken by the Masters to view the Tytam Reservoir. The School is doing very good work.

Ellis Kadoorie School for Indians.-The Maximum Enrolment was 74 (52 in 1915).

The Minimum Enrolment was 45 (42 in 1915).

Average Attendance was 51 (44 in 1915).

The cost of each unit in Average Attendance was $107.61 ($53.77 in 1915).

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The new School Building generously presented to the Colony by Mr. Ellis Kadoorie was opened by His Excellency Sir Henry May in October. It is a very handsome edifice, built at a cost of $35,000, and is situated in the Soo Kun Poo Valley near Causeway Bay. On the south side is a tower, while on the two longer sides are wide verandahs.

The ground floor consists of an entrance hall, three class rooms, a lavatory and latrines. On the first floor there are three class rooms, Headmaster's room, Assistant Masters' room, and lavatory. The class rooms provide ample accommodation for 160 boys.

At the back and detached from the School are the servants' quarters. There is a wide open space in front of the building; on the north side is a lawn large enough for a tennis court, and on the south a larger plot at present mainly used for Football practice. At the back of the building there is more ground which at present is useless as it is too rough.

The attendance has considerably increased. In July, the number on the roll was 50 with a daily average attendance of 46. In November the number on the roll was 71 with a daily average attendance of 67.

In Classes 4, 5, 6, and 7, the work compares favourably with that done by these Classes in other Government Schools, though Composition and Writing ought to be better. In Arithmetic, which seemed rather weak, test papers are set and corrected with the boys by the Headmaster. Reading in the Upper Classes is good. Mr. Bishen Singh reports that in Urdu the boys read well, but that their colloquial is not good owing to the fact that many of them speak only Chinese in their homes. It also seems impossible to get copy books locally.

The behaviour of the boys outside the School premises leaves a good deal to be desired, but an improvement is gradually being effected. In School, the discipline in the upper Classes is generally good. The younger boys are inclined to be restless and lazy, but are now acquiring habits of discipline..

The only game taken up at present to any extent is Football. The School has entered a team for the Hongkong Schools Junior League. Physical Drill was started at the end of October in all Classes for two periods of half an hour each week.

There are two Free Scholarships to the top boys in all Classes from Class 7 upwards, and one Free Government Scholarship tenable for three years at Queen's College, awarded to the top boy of the School. Mr. Ellis Kadoorie has founded an "Ellis Kadoorie Scholarship" of $60 tenable for one year at Queen's College, to be awarded to the second boy in the School.

Mr. Ellis Kadoorie is at present paying full fees for 21 boys (ten Sikhs and eleven Mohammedans). He is willing to pay for 30. The selection is in the hands of the Headmaster. Mr. Arculli is paying full fees for 18 boys, whom he himself selects.

Un Long School. The Maximum Enrolment was 28 (35 in 1915).

"

O 22

The Minimum Enrolment was 18 (20 in 1915).

Average Attendance was 24 (26 in 1915).

The cost of each unit in Average Attendance was $61.69 ($53.27 in 1915).

The attendance continues good, all the seats being occupied.

The School was inspected in April, and while the work was found to be on the whole satisfactory, the attention of the Head- master was drawn to various weak points. It is satisfactory to note that in the papers worked at the Annual Examination held three months later a very great improvement was noticeable, especially with reference to Arithmetic, the papers being particularly neat, carefully written, and well arranged. Many of the pupils talk intelligently, and it was interesting to find in the remote district in which this School is situated a pupil (Chinese) whose father had "kept a shop in Limehouse This boy had quite a good know-

ledge of London and of the War.

The Headmaster has been supplied regularly with illustrated journals referring to the War. These have been distributed, and it is believed, have had a beneficial effect.

At the Annual Prize Distribution, many parents and village elders assembled and displayed a great interest in the School.

The Inspector of Vernacular Schools reports that in Letter- writing the work is satisfactory, and has been carefully supervised, and that answers to questions set were good. Pupils are, however, unable to distinguish the tones of the words, a common failing among villagers speaking a dialect of their own.

Taipo School. The Maximum Enrolment was 53 (56 in 1915). The Minimum Enrolment was 35 (35 in 1915).

Average Attendance was 39 (42 in 1915).

The cost of each unit in Average Attendance was $38.81 ($29.81 in 1915).

The School was inspected in May. Desks and furniture were found to be clean and in good order. There is now a fair supply of Maps and Charts. A recent and very useful addition is a coloured Typhoon Signal Chart", which is explained to the pupils. The weak point throughout the School was the prevailing untidiness in written work. The Classes were addressed on the subject by the Inspector, and the Headmaster instructed to insist upon an im- provement. At the Annual Examination held in July the papers submitted were much more satisfactory in every way. In Com- position the work attempted was more ambitious than last year, but the results were not so satisfactory. More time should be devoted to sentence-building. Arithmetic was very satisfactory. The School generally shews a distinct improvement.

Cheung Chau School.-The Maximum Enrolment was 30 (19 in 1915).

The Minimum Enrolment was 16 (11 in 1915). Average Attendance was 23 (15 in 1915).

O 23

The cost of each unit in Average Attendance was $43.96 ($65.45 in 1915).

The attendance in March was higher than for a long time past, but in April the attendance fell off on account of plague; many boys were consequently absent when the school was inspected in May. Suitable measures were taken to keep the school premises clean and disinfected. The floor has been cemented and the walls washed. Maps and pictures were in better condition than in previous years. A map of Hongkong has been provided and the Headmaster has himself made a inap of the Island of Cheung Chau. Discipline was satisfactory. At the Annual Examination in July a slight improve- inent in handwriting was noticeable throughout the school. Neat- ness should be cultivated in Arithmetic.

Composition was satisfactory, and Geography and Map Drawing shewed a considerable improvement.

The Inspector of Vernacular Schools reports that Composition was weak throughout, with the exception of the work done by one or two pupils. Letter-writing was fair and Dictation was good. As at Un Long, many pupils were unable to distinguish tones.

The school has during the year made satisfactory progress.

E. RALPHS,

Inspector of English Schools.

O 24

Annexe B.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR, TECHNICAL INSTITUTE.

The Institute was open as usual during 8 months of the year.

The number of students in attendance during the Session end- ing June 30th was 535, as against 576 in 1915. The decrease is due mainly to the closing of the Classes in Electricity, Machine Drawing, and Mechanics, owing to lack of support. At the same time one new Class, Translation, was opened, with an average attendance of 10 during the Session. The average cost per pupil was $12.46, the lowest on record.

At the end of the Session, Examinations were conducted as in pre- vious years. by Independent Examiners. 293 Candidates, or 54.8% of the total number enrolled, were examined (339 in 1915); of these, · 194 passed in 1 Subject, and 6 in 2 Subjects, a total of 200 (68·2%) passed.

The following remarks are from the Reports submitted by Examiners after the June Examination. The recommendations con- tained therein have been adopted wherever possible.

Field Surveying.-"I am of opinion that more time should be spent in the field, and that the students should receive far more tuition than they are getting at present. Drawings showing surveys carried out, with calculations for traverses and areas attached, should be submitted every-year."

English, 1st and 2nd years.--“The work on the whole was up to a good standard."

Physics." The work covered in the Session was that required for the Hongkong University Matriculation Examination. This was possible only because all the students had previously given at least one year to a study of the subject. I am of opinion that there ought to be a Two Years' Course in Physics at the Technical Institute. The written or Theory Examination

was well done on the whole."

*

*

*

Book-keeping. The Examiner reports that in the 2nd Year Class although a fairly severe test was imposed, 3 out of 4 Candidates examined passed, 2 sending in excellent papers. In the 1st Year, the papers were weak.

Shorthand (Elementary).—“The papers submitted from this sec- tion were uniformly good. The students displayed a remarkably clear and complete acquaintance with the many Rules, and very little fault could be found with the majority of the papers, which were both neat and accurate. Half-a-dozen of the papers would bear very favourable comparison with any submitted by a similar class of English pupils:"

Theory (Intermediate)." Evidence of very careful application and earnest work is found in nearly the whole of the papers in this section, which is perhaps the most difficult of the three. The students displayed a creditable comprehension of phraseography

O 25

(the linking up of words bearing intimate relation to each other), and are well versed in the Rules. It is very difficult to find any- thing of importance on which the Class, as a whole, could be unfav- ourably criticised."

Shorthand (Speed).—“He would be an unduly severe critic who could pass adverse comment on the shorthand writing in this Class. Though some of the tests were dictated at the rate of 80 words per minute the writing was of a high order of excellence throughout. The importance of phraseography has obviously been kept well to the fore, and the aptitude shewn in the linking up of words augurs well for their successful development. One cannot speak quite so fav- ourably of their work in transcription however. In no instance was a completely accurate transcript effected, and in some cases it was decidedly unsatisfactory. Students of non-English race labour at a very severe disadvantage when transcribing shorthand into long- hand, but this disadvantage can be eliminated---at any rate partially -by steady and consistent practice at reading printed shorthand and their own notes. The ability to transcribe with facility and accuracy can only be acquired by persistent and dogged work at home on the part of the student.”

Translation."The work done consisted chiefly of translation into English of news items from Chinese newspapers and com- mercial documents."

Vernacular Teachers' Classes."The examinations this year reveal very considerable progress in the ability and attainments of the students. Unfortunately a large proportion of them were badly grounded in some of the subjects before they entered the Classes, and in such subjects as Mathematics and Geography they were very weak."

CO

The work of the year shews that the teachers of the Classes have been diligent and successful in their work."

In connection with the Vernacular Teachers' Classes, Criticism Lessons were given regularly during the Session, "Model Classes' having been established for the purpose. These Model Classes are attended by young boys and girls, who thus have an opportunity of obtaining free tuition."

English Teachers' Classes:

Women's Class.-English was good in the 2nd and 3rd Years, but in the 1st Year both English and Spelling were poor.

Men's Classes.-Very good work is being done in these Classes, with the result that a better type of Teacher is being turned out. This is apparent in the improved methods followed in the various schools in which these Teachers are employed. A certain number of Criticism Lessons is required of each 3rd Year student in the course of his last year of training. supervised by the Normal Master.

These are

Teachers' Certificates.-At the June Examination, Teachers' Certificates were awarded to candidates who passed the 3rd Year

O 26

Examination in each Class as below:-

(a) English Teachers, Men,

Do..

Women,

(b) Vernacular Teachers, Men, ..........

Do.,

Women,

8

...10

First Aid Classes were conducted by Dr. McKenny and Dr. S. F. Lee, both of whom lectured in an honorary capacity.

Sanitation Class.-The members of this Class entered for the Examination of the Royal Sanitary Institute, London. 3 Candidates were examined, and 2 were successful in obtaining the "Inspector of Nuisances" Certificates.

Laboratory.-In the Laboratory, the Chemical and Physical Apparatus, Bottles, etc., have been kept in excellent order,

Library. At the end of the year the Library, which has been much used by Queen's College but very little by the Technical Institute, was handed over to the former Institution and amalga- mated with the College Library.

E. RALPHS,

Director, Technical Institute.

O 27

Table I.

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS.

STAFF.

NAME AND NATURE. (1)

Certificated 'Passed Student' Teachers.

(2)

and 'Student Teachers'.

Vernacular.

(3)

ENGLISH SCHOOLS!

Kowloon, Victoria, and Peak Schools-for children of European British Parentage. Primary and Secondary,

Queen's College-mainly for Chinese and Indians. Pre- pares for Hongkong University Matriculation and for Commercial Examinations,

Ellis Kadoorie, Saiyingpun, Wantsai, and Yaumati Schools -for Chinese. Prepare for Upper School at Queen's College,

6

Maximum Average

Rate of

Net Cost to

At- Monthly Fees Enrolment. tendance. per mensein.

Gross Cost

. Fees

Collected.

Ditto for

each unit in

Govern-

Ditto

previous 5

REMARKS.

ment.

Average Attendance.

years.

176

136

13

10

10

1 Shorthand Teacher.

613

465

$5-$15

$5

$3

C.

C.

25,971.93 6,979.00

$8,992.93 139.65 (a) 101.56

85,143.78 25,892.50 $9,251.28 127.42

93.35

10

38

16

1,436

1,222

73,774.90 37,935,00 35,839.90

29.33 (6) 23.46

14

Belilios Public School for Girls-mainly for Chinese. Primary and Secondary,

2 Needlework

4

Teachers.

433.

384

$2

21,729.23 7,972.00 131757.23

35.83

32.98

Drawing Mistress.

2 Pupil Teachers.

109

89

$2

Praya East-mainly for Chinese. Primary,

Ellis Kadoorie School for Indians--prepares for Upper School, Queen's College,

Tai Po, Un Long, and Cheung Chau Schools--Elemen- tary English for Chinese. Primary,

4,274.34 1,904.0)

2,870.34 26.63

20.08

74

51

$1

6,093.26 605.00 5,488.26 107.61

38.59

4

111

86

50 cents.

4,442.48 437.50 4.0004.98

46.57

36.37

(1) For boys unless otherwise skatel.

(2) Certificated or with the degree of a British University. (3) Student Teachers or Passed Stadent Teachers (local),

2,952

2,433

$221,429.92| 81,725,00|139,704.92

(a) Excluding Peak School.

(4) Excluding Ellis Kadoorie. School.

P

L

CONTROLLED SCHOOLS IN RECEIPT (

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Mission.

Number of

Classes.

Number of

School Days.

Maximum

Monthly

Enrolment.

Average

Attendance.

ENG

CAPITA

Higher Classes.

Rei

1

Average Attend-

ance.

Rate. Total. Attend-

$ ance.

Average

12378 a

St. Joseph's College, (B.) Italian Convent, (G.) 哭 French Convent,. (G.) *

Diocesan School, (G.)

*

Diocesan School, (B.) *

*

R. C. M.

212

587

507

89

24

[2,136 175

8 & Inf.

199

443.

370 37

24

888

70 77

""

7 & Inf.

179

125

90 15

24

360

8

C. of E.

8 & Inf.

395

138.

116 28

24

672

31

8

400

381

289 76

24

1,824

91

9

St. Mary's, Kowloon, (G.) *

R. C. M. 7 & Inf.

1934

174:

40

10

24

210

19

13

St. Francis', (M.) *

4 & Inf.

191

132

110

2

24

48

12

"

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Mission.

17

Berlin Foundling House, (G.) **

18

Fairlea, (G.)

**

Ber. M. C. M. S.

19

Victoria Home and Orphanage, (G.) **

""

20

Training Home for Girls, **

L. M. S.

6777

Number of

Standards.

1,769 1,9831,522 257

6,168

413

VERNA

Number

of

Maximum

Attendance.

Rate.

School Enrolment. Days.

253

82

81

9

214

223

185

11

238

127

119

215

217

193

11

649

578

VERNA·

22 24

25

Mosque Junction, (G.)* Holy Infancy, (M.) ** Hunghom. (G.)

***

R. C. M.

231

70

230

73

*

236

54

ོ་

57

49

42

14 0000

*

TABLE II.

TROLLED SCHOOLS IN RECEIPT OF A GRANT

UNDI

School.

Mission.

Number of

Classes.

Number of School Days.

Maximum

Monthly Enrolment.

Average

Attendance.

ENGLISH SCHOOL

CAPITATION GRANT.

A

Total Capitation Grants:

Columns

Higher Classes.

Remove Classes.

Lower Classes.

1

2

3

Average Attend-

Rate. Total.

Average Attend-

Rate. Total.

Average

Rate. Total. Attend-

1, 2 & 3. !

ance.

$

ance.

B

ance.

$

*

1

]

R. C. M.

8

212

587

507

89

8 & Inf.

199

443

370

37

"

7 & Inf.

179

125

90

15

C. of E.

8 & Inf.

395

138

116 28

8

400

381

289 76 24

""

.)

R. C. M.

7 & Inf.

1934

174:

40 10

4 & Inf.

191

132

110

AMARRON

22222

24 24

2,136

175

20

888

70 77:

20

3,500 243 16 1,400 250256† 16

I

3,888 9,624

4,000

6.288

24

360

8 20

160

67 16

1,072

1,592

24

672

31

20

620

57 16

912

2,204

1,824

91

20

1,920

122

16

1,952

5,596

24

210

19

20

380

115 16

1,840

2,460

24

48

12

20

240

96 16

1,536

1,824

of School.

Mission.

(G.)

**

anage, (G.)**

**

Ber. M. C. M. S.

""

L. M. S.

1,769 1,983. 1,522 257

Number of

ཡ་མག

Standards.

Number

6,168

413

8,120 956

15,200

29,188

VERNACULAR SCHO

(Upper Grade.)

of Maximum School Enrolment.

Attendance. Rate.

Days.

253

82

81

9

214

223

185

11

238

127

119

215

217

193

11

649

578

Total Capitation Grant.

1729

2035;

1309 123

6,196

VERNACULAR SCHOC

(Lower Grade.)

R. C. M.

231

70

57

230

73

.49

:: ུ

236

54

42

237

74

55

171

117

168

165

I UNDER THE GRANT CODE OF 1910.

HOOLS.

29.

3

Total.

A

Total Capitation Grants: Colurons 1, 2 & 3.

$

UNIVERSITY EXAMINATION GRANT.

B

Grand Total

Total

9

University

Refund

Exam.

Grants:

Rent Grant.

of Grants Columus

:

Columns

A & B.

5, 6, 7 & S

Senior.

5

Junior.

6

Honours.

Rate. Total. No. of Rate. Total. No. of Rate. Total.

No. of Pupils.

$

$ Pupils.

$

$

Pupils. $ $

of Fees

$

*A

3,888 9,524

19

30

570

33

15

4,000

6,288

4

30

120

10

15

1,072

1,592

6

15

...

912

2,204

7

30

210

15

1,952

5,596

16. 30

480

23

15

1,840

2,460

5

15

1,536 1,824

ខ្លួន :

495

1

100 100

540

1,705

11,229

150

1

100

100

140

510

6,798

90

60

150

1,742

60

1

100

100

110

480

2,684

345

1

100

100

390

1,315)

6,911

75

50

125

2,585

...

...

1,824

5,200

29,488

46

1,380 81

1,215

4

400

1,290

4,285

SCHOOLS.

Total Capitation Grant.

$

1729

2,035

1309

2,123

!

6,196

SCHOOLS.

33,773

Rent Grant.

Grand Total

of Grants.

:..

729

...

480

2,515

1,309

2,123

480

6,676

171

117

168

171

147

168

165

No.

Name and Nature of School.

Mission.

Number of

Standards.

Number

of

Maximum

Attendance. Rate.

School Enrolment.

Days.

*

17

Berlin Foundling House, (G.) **

Ber. M.

253

82

81

9

18

Fairlea, (G.)

**

C. M. S.

214

223

185

11

19

20

Victoria Home and Orphanage, (G.) Training Home for Girls, **

**

238

127

119

11

21

L. M. S.

215

217

193

11

619

578

(Up

VERNACUL

(Low

22

24

Holy Infancy, (M.)

Mosque Junction, (G.)*

**

R. C. M.

231

70

57

230

73

49

97

25

Hunghom, (G.)**

236

54

42

""

26

Yaumati, (G.)**

237

74

55

""

28

Aberdeen, (M.) * *

237

32

27

"

29

No. 5 High Street, (B.) * *

L. M. S.

2171

51

41

30

No. 2 Taipingshan Street, (G.)

214

40

†36 35

""

33

No. 199 Queen's Road East, (G.) **

228

72

62

""

34

35

36

37

No. 156 Reclamation Street, Yaumati, (B.)*:

No. 15c Wellington Street, (G.)

Wanchai Chapel, (B.) *

Hospital Chapel, (B.)* *

*

232.

137

128

>>

**

5

233

45

40

>>

**

243

55

44

""

""

2165

61

49

38

No. 84 Canton Road, (G.)*.

*

222

60

40

27

43

No. 158 Reclamation Street, Yaumati, (G.)*

**

233

83

69

"J

44

45

46

50

No. 6 Shelley Street, (G.) * *

Tanglungehau Chapel, (G.) * *

Wanchai Chapel, (G.)* *

85 Kowloon City Road, (B.) **

225

47

43

211

44

†37 36

247

71

60

""

B. M.

223

55

†40 37

51

High Street, (G) * *

236

94

67

"

57

No. 6 Western Street, (G.)

* *

C. M. S.

254

66

56

59

Yaumati Chapel, (G.) **

245

.51

46

45

60

No. 232 Hollywood Road, (G.) * *

256

62

58

61

62

63

68

70

No. 20 Pokfulam Road, (G.) Shaukiwan, (G.) ** Stanley, (M.)

No. 9 Elgin Street, (G.)

Kowloon City, (G.) **)

**

**

L. M. S.

244

35

34

251

36

30

27

**

243

48

35

""

W. M.

231

47

40

C. M. S.

250

44

26

74

Kowloon City, (B.) **

B. M.

214

108

89

28

Total Number of Schools 39.

1,718

1,400

Grand Total,

4,350

3,500

NOTE.-R. C. M. Roman Catholic Mission.

C. of E.

=Church of England.

C. M. S.

Church Missionary Society.

Ber. M. Berlin Mission.

=

L. M. S.London Missionary Society.

Basel Mission.

Wesleyan Mission.

B. M.

W. M.

B.

=Boys.

G.

Girls.

M.

-Mixed.

3

50 30 4 30 20 25 30

(Upper Grade.)

Total Capitation Grant.

729

2,035

1,309

2,123

6,196

CULAR SCHOOLS.

(Lower Grade.)

171

117

168

165

$1

123

105

248

512

160

182

147

Tap

207

129

108

240

111

268

168

138

232

136

120

105

120

78

445

4,884

40,568

*

**

School year euds 30th June, 1916.

School year ends 31st December, 1916. Nos. 42, 48, 49, 53 and 69 closed.

† In these schools the actual average attendance (shown in

black) has exceeded the estimated number (shewn in red). The grant is calculated on the estimated number.

Grand

tal

Rent

tation

Grant.

Total

of

ant.

Grants.

$

729

,035, ,309:

,123

196

OOLS.

729

480

2,515

1,309

2,123

480

6,676

171

147

168

65

$1

£3

05

165

81

123

200

305

248

240

488

12

512

60

192

352

132

147

80

200

218

425

180

309

108

240

111

268

136

304

138

232

16

}

116

252

20

72

192

105

280

400

90

168

120

565

!

*

**

=*=*

School year ends 30th June, 1916.

School year ends 31st December, 1916.

Nos. 42, 48, 49, 53 and 69 closed,

† In these schools the actual average attendance (shown in

black) has exceeded the estimated number (shewn in red). The grant is calculated on the estimated number.

1,924

6,808

2,404

47,257

-~-

14,000

13,000

Table III.

Average Attendance in all Government and Grant Schools and total enrolment at Private Schools and the

Technical Institute, which was opened in 1908.

Note. The figures prior to 1913 are not very trustworthy, as there was no right of entry into private schools

until that year.

The figures for the New Territories are included in 1913 for the first time.

The University and Police School are not included.

English Schools :-Red.

Vernacular Schools :-Black.

1901. 1902. 1903. 1904. 1905. | 1906. 1907. 1908. 1909. 1910. 1911. 1912. 1913. 1914. | 1915. | 1916.

12,000

11,000

10,000

9,000

8,000

7,000

6,000

6,785

6,065 6,100

8,140

9,863

10,327

12,989

5,420

5,527

5,752 5,582

5,230

5,096

5,000

4,580

4,660

4,540

4,430

4,630

4,610

4,490

4,000

3,970

3,680

3,375

3,213

3.000.

2,000

1,000

6,442

12,092

11.919

13,230

7,764 7,873

7,462

17

Appendix Q.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC WORKS FOR THE YEAR 1916.

Expenditure.

1. The amounts voted, as compared with those actually expended by the Department under the various headings, were as follows:-

Amount voted.

In Estimates.

Supplemen- tary Votes.

Actual Expenditure.

Total.

(i) Personal Emoluments

and Other Charges,

455,234.00

10,117,15 465,351.15

400,93 1.11

(ia) Special Expenditure:--

Furniture,

300.00

300.00

271.33

(ii) Annually Recurrent

Works,

580,400.00

82,392.59 662,792.59 624,872,51

(iii) Extraordinary Works,... 1,279,400.00

Total,.

$2,315,334.00

248,220.531,527,620.531,246,871.75

340,730.27 | 2,656,064.27 | 2,272,949.70

Detailed statements of (ii) and (iii) are given in Annexes A and B.

With regard to (i), the saving is due to vacancies in the Staff, lapsing pay of Officers on leave and refunds on account of super- vision of work executed by the Department for various public companies.

In the case of (ii), savings occurred under the following sub- heads as set forth below

Hongkong.

Maintenance of Buildings,

$ 235.36

Improvements to Buildings,

344.99

Maintenance of Lighthouses,

741.70

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in City,

1,031.31

Improvements to Roads and Bridges in City,...

587.37

Maintenance of Telephones including all cables, Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, etc.,

429.58

384.79

Gas Lighting, City and Suburbs and Hill District,

Electric Lighting, City, Hill District and Shaukiwan, ...

716.86

610.18

Expenditure.

Q 2

Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries.

Maintenance of Public Recreation Grounds,

Stores Depreciation,

Maintenance of Shaukiwan Water Works,. Maintenance of Aberdeen Water Works,

...

Maintenance of Buildings,

Kowloon.

Improvements to Buildings,

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,

Maintenance of Telephones,

Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, etc.,

Gas Lighting,

Maintenance of Praya Wall and Piers,

Water Account, (Meters, etc.),.....

New Territories.

$3,490.06 951.62

10,115.17

?

568.61 134.84

$ 374.57 228.15

297.38

1,096.40

194.43

390.28

129.94

1,533.48

Maintenance of Buildings, Islands in Southern District, $ 473.60 Improvements to Buildings, Islands in Southern District, Maintenance of Buildings,-Mainland and Islands in

485.00

1

Northern District,

772.05

Improvements to Buildings,-Mainland and Islands in

Northern District,

452.20

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,-Mainland,

358,84

Maintenance of Telephones,-Mainland,...

832.54

Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, etc.,-Mainland,

211.23

Electric Lighting, Shamshuipo,

..

100.80

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,-Islands in Southern

District,

356.79

Water Account, (Meters, etc.),

166.67

The savings were much more than counterbalanced by excesses on other sub-heads, the principal of which were as follows:-

Hongkong.

Maintenance of Roads and Bridges outside City,

Dredging Foreshores,

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

Upkeep of Plant,

Maintenance of City and Hill District Water Works,

Water Account, (Meters, etc.),

Kowloon.

Electric Lighting,

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

Maintenance of Water Works,

New Territories.

..$ 1,213.32

2,687.05

22,506.16

16,763.41

...

10,769.26

3,173,47

.$ 635.69 511.92 3,034.47

Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,-Mainland and Islands

in Northern District....

Maintenance of Laichikok Water Works,

925.71 380.05

Expenditure.

The excess on "Maintenance of Roads and Bridges outside City" was chiefly due to the necessity for improving the surfacing of the Shaukiwan Road to render it fit to stand motor-lorry trathe:

""

that on "Dredging Foreshores to the fact that the dredger was not let out on hire during the year; those on "Typhoon and Rain- storm Damages" to the heavy rainstorms at the end of May and beginning of June; that on "Upkeep of Plant" to repairs to the Dredger "St. Enoch"; that on "Maintenance of City and Hill District Water Works" partly to the great increase in the cost of coal consumed by the pumping engines and partly to special re- pairs at Tytam Reservoir to prevent erosion of the banks; that on Water Account" to the large number of new meters fixed; that on Electric Lighting" to extensions of lighting at Taikoktsui and Hunghom; that on "Maintenance of Water Works, Kowloon" to extensive repairs to the filter beds and the provision of an 18" bye-pass to enable the supply of water to be maintained and that on "Maintenance of Water Works, Laichikok" to extensive repairs. to the channel conveying water to the filter beds.

65

Comparison of Expenditure, 1915 and 1916.

2. The following is a statement of the expenditure in 1916 as compared with that of the previous year :---

1915.

1916.

Increase.

Decrease,

(1) Personal Emoluments and

Other Charges,

(ia) Special Expenditure:--

Furniture,

C.

0.

C.

399,278.72

400,034.11

1,655.30

422.04

271.33

150.71

624,872.51

66,124.48

593,010.26

593,160.97

(ii)Annually Recurrent Works, 558,448.03

(iii) Extraordinary Works,... 1,839,882.01 1,246,871.75

Total, $2,798,030.80 | 2,272,949.70 68,079.87

Item (i). The trivial increase in this item is due to the grant of certain special allowances to Officers, the re-organisation of the Store Staff, and the grant of small house-allowances to survey coolies and others. The average rate of exchange for 1916 was 2/1 against 1/93 for 1915.

Item (ii).-The increase under this head is principally account- ed for by the large expenditure incurred in repairing the damages caused by the heavy rainstorms at the end of May and beginning of June, the amount expended under Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages" in 1916 being $41,151 more than in 1915. An item of

"

Water Works Revenue.

66

$7,500 for depreciation of the Dredger "St. Enoch" appears for the first time under this head. Under "Maintenance of Water Works, City and Hill District" the expenditure in 1916 was greater by $14,834 than in 1915; under Maintenance of Water Works, Kowloon" $3,140 greater; under "Dredging Foreshores $4,340 greater; whilst under "Upkeep of Plant" it was $8,514 less; under "Maintenance of Buildings, Hongkong" $3,192 less; and under "Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in City" $2,246 less. Any increases or decreases under other sub-heads were comparatively small.

Item (iii).—The large decrease under this item is accounted for principally by the fact that, in 1915, a sum of $244,362.60 was spent on the resumption of Inland Lot 3 for the extension of the Central Police Station, there being no corresponding item in 1916, and by the completion during 1915 of the Harbour of Refuge Works, the expenditure under this heading being less by $197,962.38 in 1916 than in 1915. The programme of Extraordinary Works for 1916 was also largely curtailed, the total amount provided in the Estimates being $950,385 less than that provided in 1915. The total actual expenditure on Extraordinary Works only fell short of the amount provided in the Estimates by $32,528.25.

Revenue from Water Works.

3. Water Works Revenue.-The following is a statement of the revenue derived from Water Works during the year 1916-

Excess Con- sumption.

Rates 2%.

Total.

C.

C.

C.

City including Wongneichong Village and properties bordering Shaukiwan Road,

111,562.35

238,425.93 349,9$8.28

Hill District,

4,985.51

6,130.59 11,466.10

Pokfulam District,

1,993.83

1,993.83.

Kowloon

including Shamshuipo and

Kowloon City,

Aberdeen,

Shaukiwan,

Laichikok,

: :

:

:

:

:

45,913.40

32,708.92

78,622.32

8,761.00

371.48

4,135.48

785.50

2,688.36 3,473.86

21,086.74

21,086.74

Total,

$

190,091.33 290,675.28 470,766.61

5

Water Works Revenue.

4. Comparison of Water Works Revenue, 1915 and 1916.- The following is a comparative statement of the revenue derived from Water Works during the years 1915 and 1916:-

·

City (as above stated),

Hill District,...

Pokfulam District,

Kowloon (as above stated),

Aberdeen,

1915

1916.

C.

$ c.

334,404.17 349,988.28

13,628.23 11,466.10

:.

:

:

:

:

:.

:

:

T:

:

:

:

:

:

:

Shaukiwan,

Laichikok,

Total,

2,585.25 1,993.83

74,515.67

78,622.32

3,126.57

4,135.48

4,046.85

3,473.86

19,180.75 21,086.71

451,517.49 470,766.61

The falling-off of nearly $20,000 under the heading "Excess Consumption" during 1915 as compared with 1914, mentioned in last year's Report, was recovered during 1916, the receipts amounting to $20,642.92 more than in 1915. The amount received under the heading "Rates" was less in 1916 than in 1915 by $1,393.80, the decrease being confined entirely to the City of Victoria. All the other districts showed small increases under this heading.

Land Sales, &c.

6

Land Sales and Surveys.

5. Land Sales, Extensions, Grants, &c.-The following tabulated statement gives particulars of these:-

No. of Lots. Area in Sq. Feet.

Annual Rent.

Premium.

Total.

Total.

Total.

Total.

Extensions Granted.

Sales by Auction. Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula,. N. T., New Kowloon,..

JJ

Southern District, Northern District,

Sales without Auction. Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula,. N. T., New Kowloon,

"

33

Southern District, Northern District,

Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula,. New Territories,

Conversions and Exchanges.

Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula,. N. T., New Kowloon,

""

Southern District, Northern District,

Grants on Nominal

Terms.

672

23000 23

18

C.

C.

c.

C.

N 50

612,603! 51,057

1,566.00

62,992.00

608.00

83,834.00

17 144

1,464,051

61.61

2,261.00

[62,061,542

1,749.68

64,084.00

176

64,189,253]

3,985.29)

213,171.00

6,594,044

18

7,840

10.50

75,000.00 71.00

127

130,031

107.62

1,144,56

146

6,731,915

119.12

76,215.56

16

90,552

655.21

2,304

4.00

1,678

8.00

19,995.55 195.10 947.30

25

94,534

667.21

21,137.95

1,620

5.00

40,180

184.00

112,282

510.00

1,272.00 1,028.00

30,056)

71.13

389.95

14

20,045

8.34

22.61

60

204,183

778.47

2,712.56

Island of Hongkong,

Kowloon Peninsula,.

New Territories,

12

33,977

.78

12

33,977

.78

Grants on Short Leases.

Island of Hongkong,.....

3

22,816

41,060.00

Kowloon Peninsula,.

New Territories,

252

3,238,532

352.16

255

3,261,348-

41,412.16

Permits to occupy Land

for Short Periods.

Island of Hongkong,

649

15,188.13

Kowloon Peninsula,..

321

12,869.56

New Territories,

186

3,973.66

919

1,989.52

280

361.50

"2

""

2,355

34,382.37-

N. T., let by A.D.O., S.,

D.O., N.,

Extensions of Short

Leases to 75 years. Island of Hongkong,.. Kowlcon Peninsula,. New Territories,

Quarries. Island of Hongkong, Kowloon Peninsula,. New Territories,

Prospecting and Mining

Licences.

New Territories,

3

2,100

18.00

210.00

3

2,100

18.001

210.00

200

3,742,675

1,276,744

3,989.00 6,690.00

7,489,706

11,647.12

16

12,509,125

22,326.12-

1,750.00

5

1,750.00

Total,...

3,053

87,026,135

$ 105,438.52

$ 313,447.07

Land Sales, &c.

The actual amount of premium paid into the Treasury during the year was $350,716.89 or much more than the Estimate which amounted to $150,000.00. It included the following sums which do not appear in the above tabulated statement :

Premium derived from sale of right to erect piers=$35,209.02 Fees for Boundary Stones to mark lots,

Premium for permission to build upon portions of K.M.L. 10 (Hongkong and Kowloon Wharf and Godown Co.'s property),

=

1,502.20

558.60

A sum of $331.78, viz., Premium $12.00 and Crown Rent $319.78, was refunded to the owners of various lots. It consists of the following:

:-

No. of Lot.

Crown Rent.

Premium.

N.K.I.L. 93,

$10.73

K.I.L. 1267,

$12.00

M.L. 40,

267.32

Lot 11 of Old

K.F.L. 13.

40.50

Lot 787, S.D. IV,

1.23

:

Remarks.

Refund of Crown rent in connection with an ex- change of areas.

Area found to be less than that stated in Sale Con- ditions.

Refund of Crown rent in

respect of private streets (portions of Swatow and Amoy Streets) surren- dered to Government. Refund of Crown rent ow- ing to areas let to differ- ent parties being found to overlap each other. Refund of Crown rent on account of resumption of lot in connection with construction of road to Shamshuipo.

new

Land Sales, &c.

The following is a comparative statement of the Revenue derived from Land Sales, etc., for the years 1914-1916 :—

1914.

1915.

1916.

G.

$

C.

0.

Sales by Auction,

209,322.00

24,736.00

213,171.00

Sales without Auction.

6,217.50

8,589.80

76,215.56

Extensions granted,

16,265.65

7,044.88

21,137.95

Grants on Nominal Terms,

Grants on Short Leases,

Extensions of Short Period Leases to 75

years,

210.00

I'remia derived from sale of rights to

erect piers,

21,883.06

51,099.96

35,209.02

Fees for Boundary Stones to mark lots,...

2,261.30

1,482.50

1,502.20

Re-adjustments in Hongkong, Kowloon

and New Territories,

Conversions and Exchanges,

8,274.42

4.023.19

2,712.56

Premium for Encroachments,

Premium for permission to build upon portions of Kowloon Marine Lots

Nos. 10 and 12,

4,155.30

558.60

Total,

268,409.23

96,976.33 350,716.89

Actual amount of premium paid into the

Treasury,

.$ 268,476.27 96,977.60 350,716.89

6. Sales by Auction.-Twelve lots were sold in Hongkong and three in Kowloon which realized $62,992.00 and $83,834.00 respectively. The District Officer at Taipo sold 144 small lots which realized $64,084 and the Assistant District Officer at Hong- kong 17 lots which realized $2,261.00.

The following are details of the principal Land Sales :-

No. of Lot.

Area in Crown sq. ft.

rent.

Premium.

Rate realized.

K.I.L. 1304. 9,870

$136 $43,000.00 $4.36 per sq. ft.

K.I.L. 1301,

40,480

464

40,480.00

I.L. 2166,

17,000

176

1.00 12,100.00 71

""

I.L. 2154,

52,366

360 10,473.00

20

""

I.L. 2173,

1,046

16

I.L. 2158,

18,093

124

8,220.00 7.86 5,400.00

30

99

7. Sales without Auction.-In New Kowloon, an area of about 226-92 acres, comprising foreshore and sea-bed in Kowloon Bay, was disposed of for reclamation purposes in connection with a scheme for providing a residential district for better-class Chinese.

9

Land Sales, &c.

The area contains 23 lots, viz., N.K.I.L.'s 115 to 138, inclusive, having an area of about 151-38 acres or 6,594,044 square feet, the premium paid being $75,000.00. The total Crown rent payable will amount to about $30,276 and will commence not later than seven years from 29th March, 1916. The remainder of the area comprised within the boundaries of the reclamation (about 75.54 acres) will be taken up by roads, streets, nullahs, etc., which are to be handed over to Government, free of cost, on completion.

In the New Territories, Taipo Inland Lot 7, containing an area of 19,352 square feet, was sold with the approval of the Secretary of State, the premium paid being $580.56 and the Crown rent $44.00. The District Officer at Taipo sold 126 lots and the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong sold 18 lots by private treaty.

8. Extensions granted. The extensions granted in Hongkong comprised additional areas to Marine Lot 321, Inland Lots 157, 1831, 2093, 1946, 2182, 1874, 2080, 2086, 2090, Rural Building Lots 16, 100, 139, Garden Lots 45, 46, and Shankiwan Inland Lot 298. Except in two cases, (M.L. 321 and R.B.L. 100), the areas involved were small. In the case of M.L. 321 an extra strip of foreshore, 100 feet in width, (area 40,000 square feet), was granted to the Hongkong Electric Co. to be reclaimed and added to their lot, which was sold in August, 1914. In the case of R.B.L. 100, the total area granted amounted to 12,114 sq. ft., but owing to its irregular shape, it could not be put up to auction.

In Kowloon small extensions were granted to Kowloon Inland Lots 1293, 1294, 1300, 1287, 966, 967, and 1296, and in the New Territories to New Kowloon Inland Lots 75 and 49. No extensions were granted in the case of lands coming under the control of the District Officer at Taipo or the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong.

9. Conversions and Exchanges.-A sum of $410 was granted as compensation for the existing buildings on Shaukiwan Lots 301 and 302, new areas in conformity with the revised laying-out of the district being granted in exchange for the old lots. These ex- changes were effected to enable certain drainage works in con- nection with adjacent Inland Lots to be carried out.

In Kowloon, two new lots, designated Kowloon Inland Lots 941 and 945, were granted in exchange for K.I.L.'s 941, 943, 947, and 945.

By arrangement with the lessee, the remaining portion of Kow- loon Farm Lot 2 was converted into Kowloon Inland Lot 1303 to admit of the extension of Nathan Road.

In New Kowloon, the following exchanges were arranged in connection with the re-laying out of Shamshuipo Village :-

Land Sales, &c.

Old Lots.

2375, S.D. IV,

2434, 2290,

>>

"

""

*

2352 and 2475, S.D. IV, 2282. S.D. IV.

3200-3203, 2466-2470 )

and 2490, S.D. IV, ƒ 3205, 2563, 2564 and

part of 3204, S.D. IV, J

3206 and 2562, S.D. IV,

2561, 3208 and 3207,

S.D. IV,

3204, S.D. IV, part of

2401,

""

""

10

New Lots.

New Kowloon Inland Lot 114

139

23

140

">

""

141

""

154

33

New Kowloon Inland Lots 142)

""

99

15

27

[and 143

144

[145 and 146)

147

"[and 148)

149

""

""

[150 and 151

152

>>

[and 153

י

New Kowloon Inland Lot 155

In the New Territories 14 conversions and exchanges were arranged by the District Officer at Taipo and 23 by the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong, particulars of which will be found in the Land Officer's report.

10. Grants on Nominal Terms.-There were no grants under this heading in Hongkong or Kowloon. In the New Territories one grant comprising 12 lots was made by the District Officer at Taipo.

11. Grants on Short Leases.-Three such grants were made in Hongkong, viz. :

(i) The Old Land Office Building, leased for a period from 1st January, 1916, to 31st April, 1916, at a monthly rental of $280 and for a further period extending from 1st May, 1916, to 31st December, 1918, at a monthly rental of $440.

(ii) The Old Post Office Building, leased for a period extend- ing from 1st January, 1916, to 31st December, 1918, at a monthly rental of $1,510.00.

(iii) Inland Lot 1689 (north of the Central Market), leased for a period extending from 1st November, 1916, to 31st December, 1918, at a monthly rental of $1,525.

There were no grants under this heading in Kowloon.

In the New Territories 233 lots, containing an area of 2,796,834 square feet, were let by the District Officer at Taipo, and 19 lots containing an area of 441,698 square feet by the Assistant District Officer at Hongkong for terms varying from one to five

years.

12. Permits to occupy land, etc., for short periods.-These were of a very miscellaneous character and too numerous to admit

11

Land Sales, &c.

of individual mention; most of them were for small areas to be held on half-yearly permits.

13. Extensions of Short Period Leases to 75 years.—In Kowloon, the leases of Kowloon Inland Lots 918, 919, and 920 were extended from a period of 21 years to a period of 75 years on payment of premium amounting to $210 and increased annual Crown rent of $18.

14. Quarries.-In Hongkong, the Crown rents of Shaukiwan Quarry Lots 3 and 4 and Tsat Tsz Mui Quarry Lot 2 were reduced by 50% for the second half-year. In Kowloon, a similar reduction was made for the second half-year for the following Quarry Lots:- Hok Un Quarry Lot 6, Ma Tau Kok Quarry Lot 7, Ma Tau Kok Quarry Lot 8, Jordan Road Quarry Lot 10, Yaumati Quarry Lot 11 and Mati Quarry Lot 9; and in the New Territories for the following Quarry Lots:-Ngau Shi Wan Quarry Lots 1-4, Sai Tso Wan Quarry Lots 1-16, Ngau Tau Kok Quarry Lots 1-14, 19-22, and 25, Lyemun Quarry Lots 1-25, and Cha Kwo Liang Quarry Lots 1-30.

The following Quarry Lots were let by tender for the periods mentioned below:-

Shaukiwan Quarry Lots 3 and 4, ...from 1/1/16 to 31/12/16.

99

Tsat Tsz Mui

Hok Un

Ma Tau Kok

22

Jordan Road

Yaumati

Mati

Ngau Shi Wan

Sai Tso Wan

2. 6,

...

7 and 8,

10,

11,

>>

...

55

""

3

27

"

""

""

**

""

"

+

...

"

"

""

9,

1-4,...

1/1/16 to 30/9/16 and, subsequently, 1/10/16 to 31/12/17.

23

1-16.

>>

""

1/1/16 to 31/12/16.

Ngau Tau Kok

1-14, 19-22,

22

Lyemun

and 25, 1-25, 1-30,

"

""

وو

>>

"

17

*

""

Cha Kwo Liang

In several cases, a number of quarry lots are included in one letting, hence the reason why the numbers in the tabulated statenient (para. 5) appear as 16 in all. In the New Territories, Lung Ku Tan Quarry Lots 1 and 2 were let by public auction for one year, commencing from 1st June, 1916, by the District Officer at Tai Po.

15. Prospecting and Mining Licences.-Five Mining Licences were issued in the New Territories as follows:-

District.

Sha Tau Kok,

***

Taipo,

Taipo,

Un Long,...

Sha Tau Kok,

...

...

Period.

12 months from 22/4/16.

12

""

16/5/16.

12

...

27

1/9/16.

12

>>

17/8/16.

12

""

1/9/16.

Land Sales, &c.

12

Two mining licences in Sha Tau Kok and Taipo Districts respectively were cancelled, refunds of $318.72 and $175.80 being made in respect of the unexpired portion of the licences.

16. Resumptions.-The surrender of Inland Lots 1019-1021 (inclusive), which took place under the following circumstances in November, 1915, should have been recorded in last year's Report. In connection with the prospective Praya East Reclamation Scheme, the Government claimed from Sir R. W. B. Jardine, the owner of Inland Lot 29, a sum of $63,457 in respect of the con- version into a Marine Lot of a portion of the lot mentioned, which fronted on Praya East. Sir R. W. B. Jardine was also the owner of Inland Lots 1019-1021, situated in the Sookunpoo Valley, where conditions were favourable for the formation of an additional public recreation ground of considerable extent. As the value of Inland Lots 1019-1021 was approximately equal to the amount claimed by Government in respect of the partial conversion of Inland Lot 29, it was arranged that their surrender to Government should be accepted in satisfaction of the claim. As already mentioned, the surrender was duly effected.

The following are particulars of the resumptions effected in 1916- ་

In Hongkong, a portion of Section E of Inland Lot 706, containing an area of 100 square feet, and a portion of the R. P. of Inland Lot 706, containing an area of 3,604 square feet, were resumed by the Government at a cost of $40 and $1,441.60 respectively for the purpose of forming a pathway connecting Robinson and Conduit Roads. A portion of Marine Lot 110 containing an area of 1,979 square feet was resumed by the Government for the provision of scavenging lanes at a cost of $3,958. A portion of Inland Lot 768, containing an area of 806 square feet was resumed at a cost of $2,418 for the purpose of widening a public lane which will become the approach to a considerable number of houses in course of erection below Kennedy Road. A private street which had been laid out on Inland Lot 730 was taken over by Government, free of cost. A small portion of Shaukiwan Inland Lot 63, containing an area of 47 square feet, was resumed at a cost of $47 for the purpose of improving the alignment of the Main Street through the village. Shaukiwan Lot 234, containing an area of 675 square feet, which obstructed the extension of certain public improvements, was resumed on the expiry of the lease, a sum of $100 being paid as compensation. Lots 856, 859-862, 864, 865, 879-884, and 888, Little Hongkong, were resumed at a cost of $137.50 as they were found to lie within the extended boundaries of Rural Building Lot 132. Inland Lot 2,054, containing an area of 16,000 square feet, was re-entered for non-compliance with the Building Covenant, but, as an act of grace, a sum of $1,600 was paid as compensation. Aberdeen Inland Lot 5 was re-entered for non-payment of Crown reut.

Q 13

Land Sales, &c..

In Kowloon, a portion of Kowloon Marine Lot 48, containing an area of 385 square feet, was resumed by the Government at a cost of $962.50 for the provision of scavenging lanes. Hung Hom Inland Lot 198, Sections A and B, containing 11,400 square feet and 18,700 square feet respectively, and Hung Hom Inland Lot 248, containing an area of 2,285 square feet, were resumed by the Government for the purpose of extending the carriage sheds in the Kowloon-Canton Railway yard at Hung Hom. Compensa- tion for these lots, amounting to $44,225, was paid from Railway funds. Lot 11 at Wong Nei Wu was resumed at a cost of $297 owing to its position in relation to the proposed new Main Road from Tai Kok Tsui to Kowloon City. Matauchung Lot 57 and Kowloon Inland Lots 1272 and 935 were re-entered for non-payment of Crown rent. In S.D. IV, Shamshuipo, Lot 2,315, containing an area of 435 square feet, was resumed at a cost of $262,25; Lots 2,316 and 2,317, containing a combined area of 1,306 square feet, at a cost of $705.33; Lot 787, containing an area of 26,135 square feet, at a cost of $1,437.25; Lot 786, containing an area of 1,748 square feet, at a cost of $87.40; whilst the buildings on Lots 2,282, 2,284, 2,285 and 2,291 were resumed at a cost of $2,002.35. These lots were resumed to admit of the construction of a road connecting Shamshuipo with the Kowloon Road System, the cost of resumption being defrayed out of the Vote for that work-(Item 36 (e) Public Works Extraordinary)-ride Annexe B. In the case of Lots 2,282, 2,284, 2,285 and 2,291, new sites in conformity with the re-laying out scheme were granted in exchange for the old lots. Lots 2561-2564 and 3205, S.D. IV, were also resumed, new areas being granted in exchange for the lots and a sum of $2,100 paid as compensation for the buildings. Lots 2423, 2360 and 2472, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo, containing an area of 2,177 square feet, were resumed at a cost of $1,140 for public purposes.

In the Northern District of the New Territories, 260 lots, con- taining an area of 3,139,805 square feet, were resumed for various reasons at a cost of $8,867.32, and 81 lots were either surrendered or were re-entered for non-payment of Crown rent.

In the Southern District, 26 lots, containing an area of 108,900 square feet, were resumed for various reasons at a cost of $6,032.23, and 28 lots were either surrendered or were re-entered for non-payment of Crown rent.

17. Lease Plans. Plans and particulars (in duplicate) of 162 lots and piers were forwarded to the Land Officer in connee- tion with the issue of leases.

18. Boundary Stones.-Boundary stones were fixed for 11 lots in Hongkong, 12 lots in Kowloon and 2 lots in the New Territories.

19. Surveys.--Good progress was made with the Ordnance Survey of the Colony during the year. The survey of the Hill

M

Land Sales, &c.

District has now been completed as well as considerable portions of the Ceutral, Eastern, and Western Districts of the City, the whole being plotted to a scale of 1 inch=50 feet. A general map has been prepared of the Hill District on a scale of 1 inch=200 feet by reducing from the 1'=50 feet plan.

The. Ordnance Survey of Kowloon has now been revised whilst surveys of Shamshuipo, Kowloon City and portions of New Kowloon to a scale of 1 inch-50 feet are now nearly completed. These will be reduced to a scale of 1′′-200 feet and included on the general plan of Kowloon.

A new cemetery at Aberdeen, containing about 14.74 acres, was surveyed and defined by boundary stones.

Minor triangulation work has been extended from Stone- cutters and Mount Davis to Kau I Chau, Cheung Chau, and Lamma Island, two old stations and three Military Bench marks being utilized. The work was extended by interlacing polygons and closed with excellent results.

The following villages in the New Territories were surveyed and plotted during the year :-Ma Mi Ha, Leng Tsai, Kwai Tsu Ling, San Tong Po, San Shui Hang, Kau Po, Tam Chuk Hang, Hok Tau Pui, Kan Tau, Hok Tau Ha, Heung Un Tsan, Tsung Un Ha Tsun, Heung Un, Chuk Un Tsun, Li Uk Tsun, Fung Wong U, San Uk Ling, Nga Tu Ha, Ping Yen, Wa Kang Shan, Kau Tau Wai, Leung A Pai, Tai Om, Ping Long, Tin Liu Ha, Ko Tin Hom, Sha Po, Pat Tam Tso, Leung A, Leung Tsai Tsing, Chai Kak Wai, Shui Wa, Pak Ng Au Shek, Tai Mong Chai, Ma Po Mei, San Uk Ha, Ng Tung Chai, Lo Wai, Un Kung, Ng Tung Chai San Wai, Wo Liu, Tai Om Shan She San, Tong Mui Tsun, San Tong, San Tsun San Wai, Cheung Uk Tsun, Fong Ma Po, San Uk Pai, Hang Ma Po, Ko Liu Ha, Ha Tai Wo, Tai Wo, Tai Hang, Tsoi Hang Wai Tou, Kau Lung Hang, Tai Wai, Tung U Wai, Tai Po Mei, Cheung Shui Tan, Cheung Shui Tan Lo Uk, Po Min, Cheung Shui Tan Lo Wai, Wong Nai Fai, Cheung Shui Tan Ngak, Nam Cheung Uk, Fong Wong Li, Kau Tau Wai, Li Uk Tsun, Ha Heung Un Tsun, Heung Un Wai, Tung Un Ha Tsun, Ng Iu Ha, Wo Kang Shan, Ping Yeung, Chuk Un Tsun, Ping Tse Tsun, Ping Tse Un Ha, San Kai Wat, Ping Tse Kak Tin, Ping Tse Shui Wai, Hang Ling, Leng Tsai, Tam Chuk Hang Leng Pai, Tai Po Tin, Tam Chuk Hang San Uk, Tam Chuk Han San Wai, Kau Tau Ling, San Tong Po, Lau Shui Hung, Wong Ka Wai, Fu Yiu, San Hui Wai, Yeung Siu Hang, Sai Heung Yuen, Tsz Tin Tsuen, Tsz Tin Wai, Po Tong Ha, Sin Hang, Leung Tin Tsuen, Lamtei San Uk, Lamtei Wai, Lamtei Tsuen, Tin Tsz Wai, and Tseng Chun Wai.

20. Sites for Booths at the Race Course.-A sum of $13,157 was realized by the letting of sites by auction for the erection of booths and stands at Happy Valley during the Race Meeting.

21. Squatters.-There is nothing to report under this heading.

Q 15

B. O. Work.

22. Military Lands.--Two strips of Colonial Government land on the Pokfulam Road, containing an area of about 6,437 square feet, were granted to the Military Authorities in exchange for a portion of War Department Land known as Elliott Battery, con- taining an area of about 15,062 square feet, a sum of $2,100 being credited to the Military Authorities in the Lands Account for the difference in area. The exchange enabled a substantial improvement to be made in the alignment of Pokfulam Road.

23. Naval Lands.-There is nothing to report under this heading.

24. Piers.-The only grant in Hongkong under long lease was that of an extension to Permanent Pier No. 7 opposite Marine Lot 18. In Kowloon, extensions were granted to Permanent Piers 23, 24, 25 and 34 (opposite Kowloon Marine Lot 88); to Permanent Piers 4 and 5 (opposite Kowloon Marine Lot 50); and to Permanent Pier 17 (opposite Kowloon Marine Lot 40). Licences for the following temporary piers for various periods were issued or renewed:-24 in Hongkong, 15 in Kowloon, and 5 in the New Territories. Licences were also issued or renewed for 21 slipways in Hongkong, 3 in Kowloon, and 3 in the New Terri- tories, the total fees for which amounted to $9,422.05. The premia derived in respect of permanent pier rights amounted to $30,809.02 and temporary piers to $4,400.00.

25. Cemeteries.-An area known as Section A (old portion of Mount Caroline Cemetery) at Mount Caroline, Hongkong, was set apart as a place for interments of the destitute dead of the Chinese Catholic Community.

Work under the Buildings Ordinance.

26. By-laws and Regulations. No new by-laws or regula- tions affecting constructional work were passed during the year nor were any amendments made.

27. Plans.-There has been a considerable increase in the number of plans dealt with as compared with 1915, the greatest difference being in the number deposited for new houses and for alterations and additions to existing buildings. The following is a tabulated statement showing the number of buildings, etc., for which plans were deposited during the year, the figures for 1915 being given in a parallel column for purposes of comparison :--

B. O. Work.

Q 16

1915.

1916. Increase.

Decrease.

European Houses,

51

75

24

Chinese Houses,.

251

392

141

Buildings and structures other than

the above,

141

142

1

Alterations and additions to exist-

ing buildings,

2.105

2,502

397

Verandahs,

147

222

75

Balconies,

63

170

107

Sunshades,

23

21

Areas,

Piers,

2

Total,

2,764

3,528

766

28. Certificates.-The following certificates for new buildings were issued

74 for 314 domestic buildings under Section 204 of

Ordinance 1 of 1903.

45 for 50 non-domestic buildings.

These figures show a decrease of 14 in the number of domestic- buildings as compared with 1915. The number of non-domestic buildings was the same in both years.

29. Notices and Permits.-The following is a tabulated state- ment of the notices served and permits issued during the year, the figures for 1915 being given in a parallel column for purposes of comparison :-

1915.

1916.

Increase. Decrease.

Dangerous Structure Notices,

137

169

32

122

Miscellaneous Notices...

615

416

199

Nuisances reported by Officers of

the Sanitary Department,

2,069

2,649

580

Permits,

1,786

1,797

11

Fees collected on account of the

issue of permits to obtain sand and stone from Crown land,

$914.50

$1,305.25

$390.75

In cases where permits had been lost, a fee of $2.00 was charged in each case before a new permit was issued. The amount collected from this source was $32.00.

The following is a tabulated statement of the cases in which legal proceedings were taken with regard to failure to obtain

17

B. O. Work.

permits, the number of convictions obtained, and the amount of the

fines imposed :-

Nature of Offence.

No. of Cases.

No. of Convictions.

Amount of Fines.

Removal of stone, &c., from Crown land or

foreshore without permission,

11

11

359.00

Depositing materials on Crown land with-

out permission,

12

258.00

Erecting or maintaining matsheds without

permission,

16

13

205.00

In cases where persons who had permission to obtain stone or other materials from Crown land had damaged trees in the vicinity, they were required to refund the cost of the damage as assessed by the Superintendent of the Botanical and Forestry Department. The amount collected from this source was $269.50 which was credited to "Timber Sales".

30. Resumptions for Scavenging Lanes, &c.-A statement of the work done will be found under the heading "Public Works Extraordinary" (paras. 111 and 123).

31. Private Streets.-Re-surfacing and other repairs under the provisions of Section 186 of the Buildings Ordinance were carried out by this Department at the cost of the frontagers in the following Streets:-

Swatow Street. Amoy Street.

U Hing Lane.

Tao Wo Lane and lane at the rear of 46-50 Coch- rane Street.

Lane at rear of 76-80 Queen's

Road Central and 9-13 Stanley Street.

Lane at rear of 2-42 Irving Street and 22-42 Yu Wo Street.

32. Improvements, &c., of Public Streets.-The policy of requiring houses, when undergoing reconstruction, to be built at a higher level where necessary in order to provide for the future raising of certain low-lying areas in Hongkong and Kow- loon has been continued. In some cases, arrangements are made with owners whereby the ground floors of their houses are retained at their former levels upon their giving an undertaking to raise such floors when the raising of the street is carried out.

In the case of some streets, steps have been taken towards effecting improvements in the building lines whilst in others schemes for widening have been decided upon. These proposals are being carried into effect as opportunity arises. The principal schemes of this nature are the following:--

(a) The widening of Canton Road, Battery Street, Reclama- tion Street, and Shanghai Street, so as to provide a main thoroughfare, partly 60 and partly 65 feet wide, extend-

B. O. Work.

Q 18

ing along the western side of Kowloon Peninsula from Salisbury Road to the old boundary line.

The widening of Main Street, Shaukiwan East, to 25 feet,

including improvements in alignment.

(c) The partial widening of Bonham Strand with a view to

providing a uniform width of 33 feet throughout.

33. Footways.—Attention has been given to the footways under balconies and verandahs, notices having been served upon owners to repair such footways. In the following cases, the necessary work has been carried out by this Department at the cost of the owners :-

1-22 Shankiwan Road. 5-8 Lung On Street.

181, 183, 223-229 and 237 and

239 Queen's Road East.

19-25 Wing Fung Street.

2-16 Gap Road.

16-22 Gage Street.

28-48 and 136-164 Wellington

Street.

4-16 Gough Street.

7-10 Po Hing Fong.

133 Bonham Strand.

45-64 Haiphong Road.

41-65, 2-18, 32-56, 200-204

and 354-378 Canton Road. 95 Shanghai Street.

57-65 Queen's Road Central. 9-15, 29-35 and 46-72 Stanley

Street.

2-42 Lyndhurst Terrace.

The western side of Jubilee

Street.

245-247 Des Voeux Road West. 1-9 Chatham Road.

The eastern side of Western

Street.

1-75 Cooke Street.

105-125 and 2-62 Bulkeley

Street.

In the case of the following new buildings erected during the year, the footways under balconies and verandahs adjoining such buildings have been surfaced by this Department at the cost of the lessees:

1-11 Warren Street.

1-11 Jones Street.

17 and 18 Star Street.

39A, 39B, 39c, 39D, 46A, 46B,

46c, 48, 48A, 48B, and 48c Whitfeild.

2-10 Shing On Terrace.

20 Sai Wan Ho.

64 and 70 Main Street, Shau-

kiwan East.

94 Praya East.

10-22 Catchick Street.

55-67 Belchers Street.

2-12 Smithfield.

N.K.I.L.'s 41 and 56 Sham-

shuipo.

34. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.-A large amount of damage to private property was caused by the heavy rains in June. In the case of the following properties, retaining walls collapsed, the adjoining roads being blocked :-

I.L.'s 1944 and 2074, Kennedy Road. I.L. 1390 and G.L. 19, Kennedy Road. I.L. 1633, Magazine Gap Road,

I.L. 1772, May Road.

I.L. 1942, Conduit Road.

Q 19

B. O. Work.

Considerable landslips occurred at the following places, some involving damage to buildings

Shan Pin Terrace, Shaukiwan East :-causing the collapse of 4 houses (6 persons killed and 4 injured).

155 Wanchai Road :-causing the collapse of a block of servants' quarters.

I.L. 84 Morrison Hill :-blocking Wood and Gap Roads.

11 and 12A Lugard Road :—causing the collapse of servants' quarters, kitchens, etc.

In addition to the above, 8 houses in Wongneichong Village collapsed whilst 15 were damaged and there were many other landslips in various parts of the Colony.

35. Landslips.-There were no landslips of any consequence except those referred to in the preceding paragraph.

36. Collapses.-The following collapses occurred in addition to those already mentioned in paragraph 34 :—

A concrete floor gave way during the demolition of the French Convent, Queen's Road East, M.L.'s 23 and 25, resulting in the death of one person and in injury to two others.

The face of a cutting on I.L. 1889, Conduit Road, gave way whilst excavation was in progress, resulting in the death of one

person.

A house on Lot 1997, Survey District IV, Kowloon Tsai, collapsed, but no casualty occurred.

During the erection of a retaining wall on I.L. 2072, Kennedy Road, a portion of the face of the cutting fell without warning, resulting in the death of three coolies who were engaged on the work.

Considerable portions of three houses in Kowloon were de- molished by an explosion which occurred on the second floor of No. 333 Shanghai Street, K.I.L. 422, one person being killed.

Several other collapses occurred but were of so minor a nature as not to call for special comment.

37. Tests of Mortar.-Attention was given to the testing of mortar, 142 samples being taken from works in progress. In one case in which the mortar was found to be below the accepted standard, legal proceedings were taken with the result that a conviction was obtained, a fine of $100.00 being inflicted.

As the appeal to the Full Court referred to in last year's Report (paragraph 37) was not proceeded with, the prosecutions in the four cases which had been adjourned sine die were revived, with the result that, in each case, a conviction was obtained, fines amounting to $140.00 being inflicted.

B. O. Work.

Q 20

38. Prosecutions.-The following is a tabulated statement of the cases in which legal proceedings were taken with regard to defective building work (other than defective mortar), illegal works and other nuisances, the number of convictions obtained and the amount of fines imposed

:

Nature of Offence.

No. of Cases.

No. of Convictions.

Amount

of Fines.

Defective building work, Illegal works (i.c., divergence from approv

ed plans, non-submission of plans before commencing building opera- tions, construction of illegal works and occupation of matsheds, &c., without permission);

Other nuisances (¿.e., non-compliance with notices issued in connection with nui- sances reported by Officers of the Sanitary Department),

3

w

175.00

40

36

1,252.00

27

19

185.00

39. Testing Drains.-Fees amounting to $20.00 were collect- ed on account of additional inspections of drains necessitated by carelessness or negligence on the part of the parties concerned in the carrying out of the work. This shows a decrease of $20.00 compared with 1915. 192 drainage inspections were made during the year.

40. Modifications.-Written modifications of various sections of the Ordinance were granted in 52 cases under the powers con- ferred by Section 264B. This shows a decrease of 9 compared with 1915.

41. Applications and Appeals to the Governor in Council under Section 265.-Applications for modifications of various sections of the Ordinance were made to the Governor in Council in 7 cases, 6 of which were granted.

In 3 cases in which dissatisfaction was felt with the manner in which the Building Authority had exercised his discretionary powers, appeals were made to the Governor in Council. One of these was successful, the other two being dismissed. In the case of the appeal which succeeded, certain conditions were imposed by the Governor in Council.

42. Cemeteries.-Work in connection with forming new ter- races, etc., to afford additional grave spaces was carried out in the following cemeteries :-

Mount Caroline (Sections A, B & C).

Kai Lung Wan (Sections A, B & C and Plague Section). Aberdeen (Section A).

Hau Pui Loong (Section A and Plague Section). Kowloon Tong (Section A).

B. O. Work.

In addition, various paths were surfaced, roads formed and rainstorm damages repaired, whilst other works in the nature of maintenance were carried out at Mount Caroline, Kai Lung Wan, Hau Pui Loong, and Kowloon Tong.

A survey of that portion of the new Chinese Permanent Cemetery at Aberdeen (A.I.L. 78) which has been terraced and laid out was completed whilst sundry small works and alterations were carried out. The pier referred to in last year's Report was com- pleted at a cost of $4,034.60. A complete report dealing with this Cemetery from its inception, including detailed financial state- ment, was prepared in July and will be found in C.S.O. 6875/1911.

43. Theatres Regulation Ordinance.-Seventy licences were issued under this Ordinance during the year for the holding of various public performances. In some cases, the licences were for performances in buildings specially erected for the purpose; in some cases for existing buildings which were altered as required prior to the granting of licences; and in other cases for perform- ances in the open air.

A sum of $2,824.00 was derived from fees paid in connection with the issue of licences. This includes the following cases in which the nominal fee of $1.00 was sanctioned by the Governor in Council:-Royal Engineers' Theatre; French Convent, Cause- way Bay; grounds of the Kowloon Bowling Green Club; and grounds of the Kowloon Cricket Club. The foregoing places are in addition to those mentioned in previous Reports.

44. Fires.-The following buildings were seriously injured by fire, some of them being damaged to such an extent as to re- quire reconstruction :-

11 & 13 Whitfeild.

31 Bowrington Canal Road.

2 Man Hing Lane.

2 Elgin Street.

34 Gage Street.

90 Wing Lok Street.

71 Queen's Road West.

24 & 26 Sai Street.

127 Third Street.

19 Arthur Street.

In addition to the above, a number of matsheds at Telegraph Bay were destroyed by fire.

45. Reclamations.-The following is a statement of the private reclamations which were completed or in progress during the

year:

....

Shaukiwan Inland Lot 433, (completed),.................. Marine Lot 321, North Point, ( do.), The Old Police Basin, Kowloon Point, (in

progress),.

Area in Sq. Ft.

11,268

125,000

22,615

{

B. O. Work.

22

The areas stated are those of the lots which extend further inland than old high water mark and are therefore not exclusively reclaimed from the sea.

In addition to the above, a start was made with the reclama- tion of a large area at the head of Kowloon Bay, covering about 230 acres, to form a residential area for the better-class Chinese.

46. Principal Works of a Private Nature. The erection of the second block of Students' Quarters for the Hongkong University on Inland Lot 1877, referred to in last year's Report, was completed, whilst considerable additions were made to the Vice-Chancellor's residence. The other buildings mentioned in last year's Report (carpenters' workshop, extension to the hydraulic laboratory, and quarters for coolies and watchmen) were completed and sundry alterations and additions to various buildings were carried out.

The pavilion on the University Recreation Ground (Inland Lot 1949) was completed.

The "Helena May" Institute, (Inland Lot 2083), Garden Road, was completed.

The development of the ridge east of Happy Valley was proceeded with, two European residences being completed. The erection of five other residences was in progress

The new oil tanks at Lai Chi Kok for the Standard Oil Co. were completed.

The reclamation of the site for the works of the Hongkong Electric Co., (Marine Lot 321), at North Point, was completed and the erection of a large block of offices and quarters was commenced.

Considerable progress was made with the alterations involved in converting the old Cotton Mills buildings (Inland Lot 1018, Causeway Bay) for occupation by the French Convent, the School and Sisters' Quarters being completed by the end of the year.

The erection of a new building for the Missions Etrangères on Inland Lot 82, at the top of Battery Path, was commenced.

Considerable alterations were made to the ticket offices and gangways on the Star Ferry Wharf opposite Ice House Street.

The erection of a Chapel, Hospital, Dormitories, and Sisters Quarters for the Italian Convent on Inland Lot 148, Caine Road, was commenced,

The erection of a large block of buildings, comprising gymnasium, swimming-bath, concert-room, recreation-rooms, class-rooms, hostel, etc., for the Chinese branch of the Y.M.C.A., on Inland Lot 2048, Taipingshan, was commenced.

23

B. O. Work.

A School for Indian Boys on Inland Lot 2,121, Sookunpoo Valley, was completed.

Considerable progress was made with the wharf and godown for the Ocean Steamship Company, (K.M.L. 88), Salisbury Road.

A new steel pier, 655 feet long, to accommodate the largest ocean-going steamers which visit this port, was constructed opposite K.M.I. 91 for the Hongkong and Kowloon Wharf and Godown Co.

Amongst other works which have been commenced or com- pleted during the year, the following may be mentioned :-

Works commenced.

12 Chinese houses, S.I.L. 433, Shaukiwan.

3

6

""

37

**

47

*

14

15

""

415

""

8

TH∞ ∞ ONO

6

2

6

33

--

S.I.L.'s 437 and 438, Shaukiwan. I.L. 2166, Whitfeild.

I.L. 730, Matheson Street.

M.L.'s 23 and 25, Praya East and Queen's

Road East.

M.L. 111, Praya East.

I.L.'s 625 and 626, First, Second, and

Western Streets.

K.I.L. 1261, Argyle Street.

K.I.L. 1175, Shanghai Street.

K.I.L.'s 180 and 182, Kramer Street. N.K.I.L. 52, Shamshuipo.

N.K.I.L. 73, Shamshuipo.

N.K.I.L.'s 92, 96, 97, 99, 100, and 101,

Shamshuipo.

2 European houses, I.L. 2168, Tsat Tsz Mui.

227

9

4

3

""

,,

I.L.'s 1912 and 2152, Wanchai.

I.L.'s 1944, 2074, 2089, 2094, and 2140,

Ship Street.

I.L. 1927, Wongneichong.

I.L.'s 690 and 691, Bonham Road. N.K.I.L. 63, Ngau Tau Kok.

Sugar-drying house, M.L. 52, East Point.

Japanese Hotel, I.L. 2070, Hau Fung Lane.

Extension to St. Joseph's College, I.L. 579, Robinson Road. Additional Depôt for Dairy Farm Co., I.L. 1280, Albert Road. Transformer Station for the Hongkong Electric Co., Ltd.,

P.R.M.L. 71. Sutherland Street.

Godown, M.L. 300, Kennedy Town.

"

""

K.I.L. 211, Canton Road.

K.M.L. 91, West Bund.

K.M.L. 63, Sham Chun Street.

Extension to Diocesan Girls' School, K.I.L. 1281, Jordan Road, Pier, N.K.I.L. 46, Shamshuipo.

Forming sites for buildings:-I.L. 2094, Ship Street; I.L.'s

2153 and 2158, Kennedy Road; L.L. 2139, May Road; I.L. 2169, Kennedy Town; I.L. 2191, Sands Street; and K.I.L.'s 1221 and 1222, Taikoktsui,

B. O. Work.

Q 24

Works completed.

9 Chinese houses, S.I.L.'s 420, 421, and 422, Sai Wan Ho.

6

*

3

""

15

29

"

2

3

2

OUIN NO CO NO CO

99

57

5

23

7

4

11

104

A

20

""

>>

8

34

33

13

>>

10

""

2

""

I.L. 2086, Whitfeild.

I.L. 1970, Whitfeild. I.L. 1723, Whitfeild. I.L. 2084, Tunglowan. I.L. 2093, Ship Street. I.L. 2119, Star Street. I.L. 133, Stanley Street. I.L. 133, Wellington Street. I.L. 210, Hollywood Road. I.I. 678, Second Street. I.L. 797, Water Street. I.L. 1296, Kennedy Town. I.L. 1297, Kennedy Town. K.I.L. 1262, Argyle Street. K.I.L.'s 911 and 912, Canton Road

and Reclamation Street.

K.M.L.'s 58-63, Sham Chun Street. N.K.I.L.'s 41, 94 and 95, Shamshuipo. Lot 1887, S.D. I, Po Kong.

3 European houses, I.L. 1926, Wongneichong.

2

1.

"

2

2

>>

""

"

2 4

"

I.L.'s 1931 and 1938, Kennedy Road. I.L. 1948, Kennedy Road.

I.L. 753, Bonham Road.

I.L. 753, Pokfulam Road.

I.L.'s 2080 and 2090, Mount Davis. R.B.L.'s 2 and 138, Peak.

K.I.L. 1293, Nathan Road.

K.I.L. 1171, Austin Avenue. K.I.L. 576, Chatham Road.

2 blocks of European flats, K.I.L. 1292, Jordan Road.

2

""

>>

K.I.L. 574, Hanoi Road.

Extension to Candy Plant, Q.B.M.L. 1, Quarry Bay.

Godown, I.L. 2166, Whitfeild.

Godown, M.L. 113, 94 Praya East.

Theatre, on Crown land opposite M.L. 116, Praya East.

Mosque, I.L. 268, Shelley Street.

School, I.L. 833, Battery Road.

Godowns, I.L.'s 905 and 953 and M.L. 239, Kennedy Town.

Godown, K.M.L. 11, Tsim Sha Tsui.

Additions to the China Light and Power Co.'s Station, H.H.

I.L. 225, Chatham Road.

Pier, K.M.L. 83, Hunghom.

Dispensary, K.I.L. 1296, Kansu Street.

Knitting Factory, K.I.L. 1287, Shanghai Street.

Q 25

Theatre, K.I.L. 41, Temple Street.

Benzine Godown, K.M.L. 32, Taikoktsui.

Sugar Factory, K.M.L. 56, Mongkoktsui.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Knitting Factory, K.I.L. 952, Argyle Street. Engineering Workshop, K.I.L. 1217, Portland Street. Temple, N.K.I.L. 67, Shamshuipo.

Temple, Lot 1656, Ngau Shi Wan.

Forming sites for buildings:-I.L. 2070, Ship Street; I.L. 2081, Albany Lane; Ï.L.'s 1931, 1938, 1944, 1948, and 2074, Kennedy Road; I.L.'s 690 and 691, Bonham Road I.L. 2053, Babington Path; R.B.L. 138, Lugard Road; K.M.L. 87, Reclamation Street; and K.I.L.'s 640 and 1267, Ma Tau Kok.

There were numerous other buildings besides those mentioned above, which were either commenced or completed during the year, but they were not of sufficient magnitude or importance to justify special mention.

The following buildings, etc., mentioned in last year's Report were not completed by the 31st December, 1916 :-

4 out of 7 European houses, I.L. 1926, Wongneichong.

11 European houses, I.L.'s 1923 and 1945, Kennedy Road.

I.L. 1910, Kennedy Road, I.L. 711, Conduit Road.

2

2

""

""

*Schoolhouse, I.L. 1937, Macdonnell Road.

*School in connection with Rosary Church, K.I.L. 617,

Chatham Road.

Workshop and packing sheds, N.K.I.L. 53, Tai Wan. Forming sites for buildings :--I.L.'s 1923, 1945, and 2072,

Kennedy Road; I.L. 953, Belchers Street; K.I.L.'s 1283 and 1284, Ho Mun Tin ; and N.K.I.L. 63, Ngau Tau Kok.

PUBLIC WORKS RECURRENT.

HONGKONG.

47. Maintenance of Buildings.-The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following:

Kennedy Town Cattle Depôts and Slaughter Houses :—

Cattle Depot-General re-

pairs and painting, lime-

washing and tarring

throughout,

...

$3,777.96

189.28

$3,967.24

$3,967.24

Minor repairs,

...

Carried forward,...

* No work done during 1916.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

26

General repairs and paint-

Kennedy Town Cattle Depôts and Slaughter Houses,—Contd.

Brought forward,

Sheep and Swine Depôt-

ing, limewashing and

$3,967.24

tarring throughout,

Minor repairs,

$2,085.36

90.45

2,175.81

Slaughter House-General

repairs and painting,

limewashing and tarring

throughout,

1,053.99

Minor repairs,

126.91

1,180.90

Cattle Hospital and Crematorium --

General repairs and painting, limewash- ing and tarring throughout, ...

Inspectors' Quarters-Minor repairs,

Government Civil Hospital:

"A" Block-General re-

pairs and painting through-

out,

...

Minor repairs,

Lunatic Asylum-Minor repairs,

511.94 55.53

7.891.42

Staff Quarters--

do.,

"B" Block-

do.,

Maternity Hospital-

do.,

"C" Block-

do.,

Operating Theatre-

do.,

Ellis Kadoorie School-General repairs.

and painting throughout,

Minor repairs,

Government Offices-General repairs and

painting throughout,

Minor repairs.

...

Belilios School-General repairs and paint-

ing throughout,

...

Minor repairs,

4,650.60

254.35

4,904.94

375.70

344.11

285.77

-199.66

118.40

28.32

6,256.90

5,468.43

74.29

5,542.72

4,042.97

320.32

...

4,363.29

3.979.27 95.61

4,074.88

...

$2,287.21

...

675.10

314.81

3,277.12

Government Buildings generally :-

Repairs to electric lights, lifts, fans, bells,

alarms, and lightning conductors,

Repairs to water services,

Clearing and flushing drains, etc.,

Q 27

P.W.R. Hongkong.

New Western Market:-

North Block-General re- pairs and painting through-

out,

Repairing boiler in Killing

Room,

Minor repairs,

South Block-General re-

pairs and limewhiting and

$ 1,770.50

316.32 73.58

$2,160.40

tarring internally,

256.22

Minor repairs,

78.67

334.89

$2,495.29

Kennedy Town Hospital:-

General repairs and painting throughout,

1,885.09

Quarters

do..

do.

402.86

Minor repairs,

59.65

2,347.60

Aberdeen Police Station :-

General repairs and painting throughout, Repairing and renewing roof timbers, &c.,

1.754.60

502.74

Repairing matshed over boatslip,

60.48

2,317.82

Botanical and Forestry Department:---

Gardeners' Cottages Renewing tie

beams to roofs and laying reinforced concrete floors,

Minor repairs,

No. 7 Police Station :-

2,150.06

78.64

2,228.70

General repairs and painting throughout, Minor repairs,

2,156.26

45.70

2,201.96

No. 1 Police Station

General repairs and painting throughout,

741.61

Stripping and repairing roof,

617.18

Renewing floors,

...

231.72

Minor repairs,

...

125.49

1,716.00

Central Police Station :-

ing throughout,

Married Sergeants' and Single Inspectors' Quarters General repairs and paint-

...

Barrack Block-Repairs to

1,276.99

roof of matshed in com-

pound,

$ 117.15

...

Minor repairs,

J

168.89.

286.04

D.S.P.'s and Married Inspectors' Quar-

ters--Minor repairs,

134.55

1,697.58

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 28

Old Supreme Court-Repairs to roof,...

Mountain Lodge:-

w

General repairs and renewing portion of

$1,642.92

Chair Shed roof, etc.,.......

Repairs to covered-way,

Minor repairs,

...

Gough Hill Police Station:-

General repairs and painting throughout,

Minor repairs,

...

New Government Offices:-

Repairing heating installation,

Tarring roof,

...

Relaying tiles,

...

...

Minor repairs,

...

$

811.66

591.30

213.26

1,616.22

1,327.45

173.16

1,500.61

518.69

226.15

...

122.93

435.34

1,303.11

Central Market:-

General repairs and limewhiting and ·

tarring internally,

Minor repairs,

...

Saiyingpun Market:-

Government House-General repairs, painting, etc.,.......

General repairs and limewhiting and

...

627.79

598.62

1,226.41

1,203.02

tarring internally,

Repairs to roof,..

Minor repairs,

...

741.15

...

...

...

...

247.36 50.98

1,039.40

Wanchai Market:-

General repairs and painting through-

out, including reinforced concrete

roof to porch,

Minor repairs,

...

...

...

892.39 83.39

...

975.78

Victoria Hospital:-

Quarters General repairs and painting

internally,

Minor repairs,

Victoria Gaol :-

Materials supplied,

Minor repairs,

Warders Quarters-Minor repairs,

Superintendent's Quarters-Minor re-

pairs,

297.55

281.77

579.32

211.07

48.74

205.09

61.32

526.22

29

Scavengers' Quarters, Bridges Street :--

P.W.R. IIongkong.

Repairs to matshed,

Minor repairs,

throughout,...

$

345.00

143.46

$

488.46

464.56

Shektongtsui Market-General repairs and painting

...

Tsat Tsz Mui Police Station :-

General repairs and painting throughout, Minor repairs,

379.15

10.37

389.52

Disinfecting Station :--

Repairing Chimney Stack,... $ 276.44 Minor repairs,

13.52

Inspector's Quarters-Minor repairs,

Victoria School-Minor repairs,

289.96 32.39

322.35

292.21

...

Aplichau Latrines-General repairs and tarring,

277.11

Law Courts-Minor repairs,

...

225.41

Sookunpoo Market-General repairs, limewhiting and

tarring internally,

218.12

...

Minor repairs,

Subordinate Officers' Quarters, West End Park—

Queen's College—Minor repairs,

48. Improvements to Buildings.-The following is a statement

of the works executed under this heading:-

Disinfecting Station-Reconstructing roof of cartshed, $ 2,048.81

203.24

200.76

Government Civil Hospital:-

Asphalting tennis court,...

Alterations to X-Ray room,

Doctor's Quarters,

...

...

$ 468.28 365.55

Staff Quarters-Fixing picture rails in

Green Island Lighthouse-Building Amah's Room and

providing and fixing iron bunks,

30.51

864.34

....

756.87

Western Market, North Block :-

Altérations to Inspectors' Quarters,

...

Fixing expanded metal to Entrance Gates,

303.05 277.02

Fixing glass louvres to latrine, ...

64.41

614.48

Inspectors' Quarters, Kennedy Town-Constructing

new outbuilding,

...

Wanchai Market-Alterations to drainage,

545.20

...

439.20

Victoria Gaol-Renewing floors of corridors, "C"

Hall,...

428.40

...

L

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 30

Bullock Stables near No. 1 Police Station--Laying

granite setts to yard, erecting latrine for watch- men, and connecting water service to watchmen's kitchen,

...

Peak School-Laying tar macadam to forecourt,

$

422.99

379.21

Indian Officers' Quarters, Victoria Gaol, (Chancery Lane):-

Forming bathroom,

...

Altering concrete floors and renewing

sashes, ...

Government Offices-Carrying out improvements to

electric fans and lighting system,

241.84

55.91

297.75

276.88

Central Police Station:-

Laying new concrete floor to Telephone

Room, ...

160.53

...

Fixing electric bells in Sergeants'

Quarters,

75.43

235.96

Mount Parish Subordinate Officers' Quarters-Extend-

ing playground and erecting fence,

216.14

Belilios School-Taking down balconies,

155.45

Bathhouse, Second Street,-Erecting hardwood partitions,

140.82

Harbour Office-Forming new windows in quarters,..

129.06

Victoria Hospital-Heightening chimneys,

127.84

49. Maintenance of Lighthouses.-The following sums were

expended upon the various lighthouses

Green Island :—

General repairs, painting and limewash-

ing throughout,

Repairing pier,

Repairing concrete path, etc., etc.,

Minor repairs,

Gap Rock :-

$ 735.21

465.35

219.68

14.12

...

$1,434.36

General repairs, painting and limewash-

ing externally,...

Minor repairs,

Waglan :-

...

General, repairs, painting and limewash-

ing externally,...

Minor repairs,

673.47 176.16

849.63

678.07

29.37

707.44

Cheung Chau Rock :-

Q-31

Fixing wrought iron standard for lamp,

Cap Sui Mun :-

General repairs, painting and limewash-

ing externally,...

Sundry repairs and filling in sump,

P.W.R. Hongkong.

$371.59

$107.21

144.03

251.24

Approximate

50. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in City. Improvements to Roads and Bridges in City. Mileage 60.—The road surfaces were maintained generally in a satisfactory condition, the bituminous treatment of carriage-ways throughout the City being considerably extended with the satis- factory result of further appreciably diminishing erosion.

With a Government Quarry in operation, enabling carefully- screened grades of stone to be obtained, it has become possible to greatly extend the use of Artificial Asphalte in situations where the nature and amount of the traffic renders the adoption of such paving desirable. With the products of the Quarry, the manufac- ture of granolithic paving slabs for footways has also been exten- sively introduced. The slabs are made to standard sizes, the standards being so arranged as to suit the prevailing widths of pavements, thus reducing waste to a minimum. During the year, 6,600 slabs were made. The manufacture of tar macadam is also carried on at the quarry, the quantity produced during the year amounting to 762 cubic yards.

The following are particulars of the improved surfacing introduced on a number of the roads, in addition to those mentioned in previous reports :---

Substitution of Granite Setts for Macadam or Concrete :—

Burd Street, Centre Street,

Morrison Street,

Praya East,

Praya West, Smithfield,

Sutherland Street,

Tung Man Street,

Wing Kut Street,

sq. yds.

80

133

300

193

281

53

124

25

98*

sq. yds., 1,287

* In this case the cost of the work was defrayed by the frontagers, Wing Kut

Street being a Private Street.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

32

Substitution of Tar Macadam for Ordinary Macadam or

Concrete :--

Broadwood Road,

Ice House Street,

Kennedy Road,

Leighton Hill Road,

Lower Albert Road,

Mosque Street,

sq. yds.

374

183

1,039

123

343

327

773

1,605

1,466

194

350

151

90

1,185

98

sq. yds.,

8,301

Queen's Road Central, near Central Market,

Queen's Road East, near Naval Hospital,

Queen's Road East, from Naval Yard eastwards,

Pokfulam Road, near Filter Beds,

Pokfulam Road, near University,

Wanchai Gap Road,

Wardley Street, ....

Wongneichong Road,.

Wyndham Street,

Substitution of 2" Asphaltum laid on Cement Concrete bed for

Macadam :-

Des Voeux Road Central westwards of Li Yuen

Street West,

sq. yds.

1,326

Chater Road,

488

sq. yds., 1,814

Substitution of 3" Asphaltum for Concrete:-

Pedder Street opposite Blake Pier,

Substitution of Asphalte Carpeting for Macadam :·

Catchick Street,

Des Voeux Road Central,

sq. yds. 1,060

#

sq. yds. 380 2,543

Smithfield,

.....

227

sq. yds., 3,150

Resurfacing worn-out Concrete footways with Asphaltum Car-

peting:

Catchick Street,

Eastern Street,

sq. yds.

390

152

sq. yds.,

542

33

Application of a thin coat of Tar Toppings:—

Conduit Road, Leighton Hill Road, Wanchai Gap Road, Wongneichong Road,

Wyndham Street,

Tarring and Sanding:-

Hatton Road,

Shelley Street,

Pokfulam Road Diversion,

P.W.R. Hongkong.

sq. yds, 295

45

160

392

127

sq. yds., 1,019

sq. yds. 811

134

1,533

sq. yds., 2,478

Substitution of 2′′ Granolithic Paving Slabs for defectice

Concrete footways:--

Lung On Street,

Queen's Road East (opposite Naval Yard),

q. yds.

114

313

sq. yds.. 427*

51. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges outside City. Į Improvements to Roads and Bridges outside City. Appro- ximate Mileage 39.-The roads generally were maintained in a satisfactory manner.

The Shaukiwan Road which is increasingly used by motor traffic received special attention. Considerable portions of it were tarred and sanded whilst, in other parts, tar macadam, 4" thick was applied.

The policy of treating the outlying and hill roads with tar has been continued.

The following is a statement of the improved surfacing intro- duced on a number of the roads, the areas stated being additional to those mentioned in previous Reports:--

Substitution of Tar Macadam for Ordinary Macadam :—

Shaukiwan Road..

sq. yds.

545

* A statement of work of this nature executed on behalf of owners of property

an paid for by them will be found in para. 33 of this Report.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 34

Substitution of 1" Asphaltum for Macadam or Concrete:-

Chamberlain Road,

Wongneichong Gap Road,

sq, yds.

564

236

sq. yds., 800

Tarring and Sanding :-

Aberdeen Old Road,

Little Hongkong Road, Shaukiwan Road,.

¿q. yds.

3,112

1,585

8,258

sq. yds., 12,955

52. Maintenance of Telephones, including all Cables.-The lines and instruments were maintained in good order. The telephone line to Cape Collinson Lighthouse was partly dismantled, a portion of it being used to connect the Government Quarry with the Post Office Exchange.

One new line from the Imports and Exports Office to the General Post Office Exchange was installed and several minor extensions were made.

The damage to the Gap Rock cable, mentioned in last year's Report, was successfully repaired.

An increase of work on the telegraph line from the Post Office to Cape D'Aguilar necessitated the substitution of accumula- tors for primary batteries at both ends of the line. The Wireless Power Station at Cape D'Aguilar was connected with the quarters by an underground telephone cable.

A new telephone cable was laid across the Harbour from North Point to Hunghom Point. This is more particularly described under paragraph 135 of this Report.

In addition to the construction of new telephone lines and the maintenance of existing lines, a large amount of work was done in the way of installing electric light and bell services in various Government buildings and maintaining such services in others.

The following buildings were wired for the installation of electric lighting: -

Sorting Hall, General Post Office, (re-wired for alteration in

lighting).

Slaughter House, Kennedy Town.

Victoria British School.

Victoria Gaol, Married Quarters.

Victoria Gaol, Warders' Quarters, European and Indian. Yaumati "Repairing and Coaling Yard"-extension to pier. Married Quarters for Subordinate Officers, Happy Valley. The last-mentioned block of buildings was also wired for bells.

Q 35

·

The following is a statement of the number of lamps and other electrical appliances installed or repaired during the year :---

Nature of Work.

Lights.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Fans.

Radiators, Motors, &c.

Lifts.

Bells.

Lightning

Conductors.

Telegraph and Telephone Instruments.

Maintained,

Installed,

Faults repaired,

5,922 380

597 * 14

12

780

255 $

*2*

10

5 173

13

209 †

18

1

11

1

639

23 31 126

53. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.-The sewers, storm- water drains and trained nullahs generally were cleansed and maintained in good condition, those in the City of Victoria and in the Shaukiwan District being cleansed by the Sanitary Department. The automatic flushing tanks were worked continu- ously and the manual flushing tanks were operated periodically at low tides. Deposits of sand were cleared as they occurred. The temporary timber outfalls opposite Tai Wo Street, Triangle Street, Stone Nullah Lane, and Spring Gardens Lane, Praya East, where reclamation is steadily progressing owing to the deposit of building rubbish and surplus material, were repaired.

The Wanchai Gap sedimentation tank was periodically sludged and the filter beds cleansed.

All metal work in connection with the various drainage systems was inspected and, where found necessary, was repaired and tarred. Repairs were made to several nullahs, stormwater drains and chan- nels, the most important being to nullahs in Stone Nullah Lane, Park Road, Albany and Sands Streets; to stormwater drains in Kennedy Road opposite the path on the east side of I.L. 2072, Kennedy Road, and in Po Yan Street near the Tung Wah Hospital and to the stormwater channel north of No. 154 Barker Road.

Many of the Flushing Tanks were overhauled and put in a good state of repair.

About 3,552 feet of old disused drains of varying sizes and types were destroyed and filled in.

The details of expenditure under this heading are as follows:-

Labour for cleansing operations,

Repairs,..

Tools for cleansing operations,

$9,598.76

3,915.76

814.67

1,286.02

Total,.........

$15,615.21

General Incidental Expenditure,

as against $15,371.97 in the previous year.

* All the fans were cleaned and oiled.

Two 30-line switch-boards were repaired with enamelled insulated wire. $65 fans were rewound with new wire.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 36

54. Gas Lighting, City and Suburbs and Hill District.--The total number of lamps in use at the end of the year in the City and its precincts was 1,136, an increase of 18 over the previous year and in the Hill District 127, the number in the latter case remain- ing unaltered. The positions of the various additional lamps will be found in paragraph 102 of this Report.

55. Electric Lighting, City and Hill District and Shaukiwan.- The number of arc lamps in the principal roads of the City and of incandescent lamps in roads of less importance remains unaltered, namely, 75 and 41 respectively.

56, Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,—The following is a statement of the principal items of expenditure under this vote:-

Blake Pier-Encasing piles in reinforced

concrete cylinders,.

.$2,675.82

Fixing stay and renewing shoes to fenders, 422.32

Scraping and tarring,

General repairs,

Kennedy Town Pier-General repairs,

Aberdeen Praya Wall - General repairs,. Green Island Pier-General repairs,

Arsenal Street Pier-General repairs,.....

Murray Pier-General repairs,.

391.33

22.87

-$3,512.34

628.81

289.00

278.46

205.26

204.09

198.79

131.96

Causeway Bay Praya Wall---General repairs, Statue Pier-General repairs,

57. Maintenance of Public Cemetery.-A new terrace was constructed; and the retaining wall, commenced last year, was extended. A new path was formed, including a small concrete bridge over a nullah.

58. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries.-The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 42 of this Report.

59. Maintenance of Public Recreation Grounds.-The various grounds were maintained in good order. The use of departmental labour for the purpose of mowing the grass, cleansing ditches, etc., was continued. The following is a statement of the principal items of expenditure:--

Wongneichong-Labour in trimming,

New turf,

Laying tar macadam to path,

Repairing fencing,

Queen's-Replacing fence,

$781.01

539.29

511.47

71.68

$1,903.45 148.66

+

Q 37

P.W.B. Hongkong.

60. Dredging Foreshores.-The grab dredger was employed at the following places and removed the quantities of material stated during the year :-

Causeway Bay,

Caroline Hill Nullah,

Kowloon Wharves,

Waterloo Nullah,

Dust Shoot, Central Market,

Drain Outfalls,

Total,.....

cubic yards.

9,761

6,051

5,428

3,267

3,168

14,615

42,290

The vessel was not hired out during the year.

A description of the dredging performed by the dredger "St. Enoch" off Kowloon Point will be found in paragraph 107 of this Report.

61. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.-The heavy rains of June caused numerous landslides, the following being of consider- able magnitude :-

""

Broadwood Road-various places...Landslip from Crown land. Kennedy Road, near I.L. 2074 Kennedy Road, opposite eastern end of Century Crescent,

Monmouth Path, near nullah, south

of I.L. 1715,

...

...

Bowen Road Filter Beds-slopes

below filter beds

Pokfulam Road, at road diversion

near Belcher's Fort,

Belcher Street, below Belcher's

Fort,

"3

>>

""

""

12

"

In Kennedy Road, Monmouth Path, and Broadwood Road, it was found necessary to erect substantial retaining walls to prevent further landslides.

The principal damage to road surfaces resulted from the collapse of retaining walls accompanied by landslips from private property. As the result of such accidents, portions of Kennedy Road, Conduit Road, May Road, and Magazine Gap Road were blocked to traffic for a few days. Roadways not treated with tar were badly scoured; those so treated suffered very little in this respect.

Considerable quantities of detritus had to be removed from the stormwater drains.

The damage resulting to Government buildings from rain- storms was trifling.

62. Stores Depreciation.-The adjustment of store values and the re-conditioning of old stores have been met from this head, and

j

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 38

also the loss incurred by the sale of obsolete and unserviceable stores, which amounted to $1,083.01. A sum of $280.52, being rebate on freight charges in connection with stores purchased in England through the Crown Agents, was credited to this item, as were also sums of $1,254.18,--surplus found at the general stock- taking at the end of the year, and $5,261.36 due to the return of stores which were issued prior to 1915. The result was that, instead of showing any expenditure, the vote shows a credit balance of $5,315.17.

The two sub-heads appearing under this item, namely, $7,500 and $3,226.10, were for the depreciation of the Dredger

"St. Enoch", the value of which has been written down in the Store- books from $150,000 to $142,500 and for compensation paid to the owners of a cargo-boat and cargo, damaged by the dredger whilst carrying on dredging operations off Kowloon Point.

63. Upkeep of Plant.-The expenditure incurred was entirely in connection with the dredger "St. Enoch", which required extensive repairs to enable it to complete the dredging operations off Kowloon Point. A statement of the dredging work carried out will be found in paragraph 107 of this Report. Operations were completed in December, when the dredger was laid up in the Mongkokisui Typhoon Refuge.

64. Maintenance of City and Hill District Water Works. The year opened with the street fountain system of supply in force throughout the whole of the Rider Main Districts, the services to the houses in such districts having been disconnected from the mains in September, 1915. With the exception of 5 days at Chinese New Year, when water was turned on to the houses, this system remained in force until the 6th June, when constant supply throughout the City was restored. The street-fountain system of supply had however to be re-introduced on the 14th November.

It

The total quantity of water stored in the impounding reser- voirs, including the low-level reservoir, in course of construction, on the 1st January, amounted to 644-70 million gallons. reached a minimum on the 15th May when it amounted to 209.64 million gallons.

The reservoirs were at or over their permanent overflow levels for the following periods :-

Reservoir.

Capacity to permanent

overflow level.

(Million gallons.)

Period.

Tytam,

384.80

Tytam Byewash,

22.36

Tytam Intermediate,

195.91

2nd June to 30th July, 2nd June to 14th July. 1st January to 8th May.

Tytam Low Level,

1st June to 18th November. In course of construction.

Wongueichong,

50.34

Pokfulam,

66.00

2nd June to 11th July. 1st June to 24th July.

Q 39

P.W R. Hongkong.

Though the rainfall for the year amounted to 79-855 inches (Observatory record), it was very unfortunately distributed from a waterworks point of view, as fully 45 inches fell in May and June and only 2471 inches during the last six months of the year. During the last three months of the year, the entire rainfall amounted to less than 1 inch. The result of this was that, at the commencement of the dry season, all the old reservoirs, with the exception of Tytam Intermediate, which had not been drawn upon, were below over-flow level, whilst the new low-level reservoir at Tytam Tuk, in course of construction, only contained 211 million gallons whereas it was capable of containing 367 million gallons. The entire contents of all the reservoirs, including the new one, amounted on the 30th September to 755-65 million gallons, that being the maximum quantity reached during the Autumn of 1916.

The total quantity of water remaining in the reservoirs at the end of the year, inclusive of 182.25 million gallons in the Low Level Reservoir, in course of construction, amounted to 430-16 million gallons.

The new pumping engines were in course of erection during the year, but, as they were not available for steady running, practically all the pumping required had to be executed with the two engines which were erected in 1908. The latter were in operation from the 1st January until the 26th March, from the 13th May until the 1st June, and from the 19th October until the close of the year,-a total of 180 days. One of the new engines was tested to the extent of running 5,000 revolutions (about 3 hours work) before the close of the year.

The total quantity of water pumped during the year amounted to 324-77 million gallons.

The following is a comparative statement of the cost of pumping during the years 1915 and 1916-

Tytam Tuk Pumping Station.

1915.

1916.

Coal, Wages,

$ 6,665.00 * 4.188.20

19,265.77 *

4,176.73

Miscellaneous, including repairs and stores other

than coal,.....

4,785,36 †

1,266 03

Total,

15,588.56 §

24,708.53

*This is the value of the coal consumed during the year.

Coal to the value

of $6,286.25 was carried forward from 1915 to 1916 and coal to the value of $3,852.00 was carried forward from 1916 to 1917.

†This sum included $1,996.68 for 5 new valve-plates for the engines, $941.70 for 64 gunmetal valves in connection with same, and $538.31 for 33 valve-spindles for the mains, amounting to a total of $3,476.69.

§ This figure was erroneously given as $14,974.81 in last year's Report.

Month.

Royal

Observatory.

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 40

During a considerable part of 1915, the temporary pump for raising water from Tytam Stream, below the Intermediate Re- servoir, was in operation, the cost of running it amounting to $5,101.65. The total expenditure on pumping in 1915 was there- fore $20,690.21 as compared with $24,708.53 in 1916, the quanti- ties of water pumped in the two years being 289-26 and 324-77 million gallons respectively. As mentioned in last year's Report, the temporary pump was dismantled in November, 1915, the whole of the pumping being now performed at the Tytam Tuk Pumping Station.

A comparative statement of the local rainfall for the year at various points is given in the following table :-

Kowloon

Reservoir.

Public

Gardens.

Tytam

Reservoir.

January,

4.07%

4.82

4.74

3.50

3.15

+ 09

4.87

February,

1.305

2.02

1.61

; 0.74

0.98

1.16

1.30

March,

0.355

0.18

0.44

0.17

0.26

0.29

0.48

April,

4.295

4.80

4.68

5.01

4.82

4.57

5.52

May,

12.935 14.65 11.65

20.27

20.74

16.08

12.49

June,

32.180 36.05 32.97 : 30.99

28.95

24.57

38.62

July,

8.295 12.61

8.99

988

8.25

8.82

20.03

August,.

5.040

6.40

6.74

4.76

3.21

6.81

4.43

September,

10.520

11.31

11.10

10.26

8.76

10.09

13.78

October,

0.730

1.02

0.78

0.61

0.39

0.76

1.71

November,

0.075

0.06

0.03

December,

0.050

0.08

0.07

0.03

Total 1916,.

>>

79.855 93.87 1915..... 76.025 67.23

83.84 86.19 79.51 80.49 71.37 63.77

77.34 74.34 $5.25

103.26

3.830 26.04

3.35 14.82 15.74

3.00 18.01

Increase,

The total quantity of water supplied during the year amounted to 1,852.75 million gallons filtered and 41.66 million gallons un- filtered, making a grand total of 1,894-41 million gallons, or 36-57 million gallons more than during 1915.

The average consumption of filtered water per head per day for all purposes throughout the whole year amounted to 191 gallons whilst, during constant supply in all districts, it was 24·6 and, during the time when the supply in the Rider Main Districts was derived from public street fountains, it amounted to 15-3 gal- lons. In arriving at the above figures, the population has been estimated at 264,919 in each case.

Full details of consumption, etc., will be found in Annexes C and D.

The analyses made by the Government Analyst show that the water was of good quality throughout the year, and the results

Tytam Tuk Reservoir.

Pokfulam

Reservoir.

Tai Po

Quarters.

Q 41

P.W.R. Hongkong.

obtained by the Bacteriological examinations were likewise satis- factory.

The quantity of water pumped to the High Level District during the year amounted to 93.30 million gallons, equal to an average daily consumption of about 256,000 gallons, whilst 31.55 million gallons were pumped to the Hill District, giving an average daily consumption of about 86,000 gallons. As compared with 1915, there was a decrease of 4.55 million gallons pumped to the High Level District and also a decrease of 5.38 million gallons pumped to the Hill District.

The grand total pumped during the year amounted to 124.85 million gallons as compared with 13478 million gallons pumped during 1915.

Tabulated statements containing particulars of the quantities pumped to the High Levels of the City and to the Hill District respectively will be found in Annexe E.

All engines, motors and station buildings have been kept in a good state of repair throughout the year.

The work of overhauling the valves on the principal mains in the City was continued during the year, the number thoroughly repaired amounting to 71. The conversion of the fire hydrants from ball hydrants to spring hydrants was also continued, 21 being converted during the year.

The number of meters in use at the end of the year amounted to 1,695 in the City and 184 in the Hill District or a total of 1,879 as compared with 1,582 and 184 or a total of 1,766 at the end of 1915. These figures do not include 17 meters in use at Pokfulam.

The quantity of water supplied by meter was as follows:- Filtered

247.26 million gallons. 189-86

"

Trade, Domestic (City),

**

(Hill District),.

31.55

Unfiltered,

41.66

""

39

Total,

510.33

""

These figures show an increase of 17.72 million gallons in the quantity supplied by meter as compared with 1915.

New services were constructed or old ones altered, improved, repaired, or connected to the mains, to the number of 1,238, and 41 supplies were laid on for building purposes.

The number of inspections of private services was 12,156. All defects were made good after the usual notices (603 in all) had been served.

65. Maintenance of Water Works, Shaukiwan.-A satisfactory supply of water was maintained throughout the year, the total

P.W.R. Hongkong.

Q 42

consumption being 40.22 million gallons (including 1.93 million gallons supplied to the barracks at Saiwan Battery) or about 110,000 gallons a day.

Details of the consumption are given in Annexe F.

There were 5 meters in use at the close of the year.

66. Maintenance of Water Works, Aberdeen.-- A satisfactory supply was maintained throughout the year, the total consumption being 23.27 million gallons (including 7.39 million gallons sup- plied to water boats) or about 64,000 gallons per day.

Details of consumption are given in Annexe G.

There were 5 meters in use at the close of the year.

67. Water Account.--The number of meters examined and repaired during the year amounted to 836.

The following is a statement of the expenditure under the vote :

New meters fixed (difference in value between

issues and receipts),

...

Repairs to meters,

Meter boxes,

Miscellaneous,

$ 7,118.73 3.329.22

...

85.41 2,640.11

Total,...

..$ 13,173.47

P.W.R. KOWLOON.

68. Maintenance of Buildings.--The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following

Yaumati Police Station :---

General repairs and painting

throughout,...

Renewing timber to Fire Engine

Shed,

Minor repairs,

... $ 2,611.44

...

160.31 36.65

$ 2,808.40

Royal Observatory

General repairs and painting

throughout,...

Minor repairs,

Water Police Station :-

Renewing ant-eaten timbers to

roof,

Minor repairs,

1,709.53

199.14

1,908.67

1.529.17

331.39

1,860.56

43

P.W.R. Kowloon,

Chatham Road Houses--General repairs and lime-

washing throughout, ...

Ma Tau Kok Cattle Depot :-

...

...

$1,459.29

General repairs, lime-

washing and tar-

ting internally,

386.02

Minor repairs,

166.56

552.58

Inspector's Quarters--Renewing timbers to roof and minor repairs,

427.38

979.96

Hunghom Market :—

General repairs, limewashing and

tarring internally, ..

156.68

Renewing ant-eaten timbers to

roof,...

253.71

410.39

Shamshuipo Police Station :-

General repairs and colourwash-

ing internally,

308.82

Minor repairs,

71.70

380.52

Yaumati Market:-

General repairs and limewashing

and tarring internally,

271.93

Minor repairs,

17.04

288.97

Time Ball Tower *

Fitting brass segments to Time

Ball,

200.00

Minor repairs,

66.25

266.25

205.67

Kowloon School-Minor repairs,...

Tsim Sha Tsui Market :-

General repairs, limewhiting and

tarring internally,

Minor repairs,

Yaumati School-Minor repairs,.......

Government Buildings generally :---

Repairs to Electric Fans, Lights,

Clearing drains, ..

and Bells,

...

Signal Hill Signal Station:--

Repairing and painting typhoon

signals,

...

Minor repairs,

119.04

83.97

203.01

192.19

147.73

29.95

177.68

132.50

30.54

163.04

P.W.R. Kowloon.

Q 44

69. Improvements to Buildings.-The following is a statement of the principal works executed under this heading :---

Yaumati Market-Constructing 2 additional

stalls,

Water Police Station :-

$

309.11

Tiling floor of bathroom to

A.S.P.'s Quarters, ...

$

50.22

Laying water service in Indian

P.C.s' kitchen and canteen,...

140.62

Converting bathroom into drying

room,

36.53

227.37

101.52

Yaumati Police Station-Fixing bulls-eye windows

to improve ventilation,

70. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges.} Approximate Mileage Improvements to Roads and Bridges.

28. The roads generally were maintained in a satisfactory manner.

The following are particulars of the improved surfacing in- troduced on a number of the roads, in addition to those mentioned in previous Reports :-

Substitution of 1" Asphaltum Carpeting for Macadam :-

Reclamation Street,

Kansu Street,

...

sq, yds. 1,350 250

sq. yds., 1,600

Substitution of 2′′ Asphaltum, laid on Cement Concrete bed, for

Macadam

***

Canton Road,

Tarring and Sanding :

Gascoigne Road (strip in centre),

sq. yds. 541

sq. yds.,

541

sq. yds.

6,434

3,470

...

3,920

...

898

100

1,377

2,666

2,863

***

***

21,628

Chatham Road (from its junction with Gascoigne Road for a distance of 900 feet towards Hunghom),

Granville Road (full width),

...

Carnarvon Road (between Cameron and Granville

Roads-full width),

Hanoi Road (full width), Mody Road do.

do. ), Pekin Road ( do.. ),

...

...

...

Carried forward,

45

P.W.R. Kowloon.

Tarring and Sanding,—Continued.

Brought forward,.....

Kansu Street-Strip only,

...

Reclamation Street- do.,

Saigon Street

do..

Pakhoi Street

do.,

Battery Street

do..

:

...

...

:

:

::

sq. yds.

21,628

105

304

142

...

106

...

257

...

::

sq. yds., 22,542

The formation, kerbing, channelling, and surfacing of the northern half of Waterloo Road, extending from the Disinfecting Station to the Railway Bridge, was undertaken,

71. Maintenance of Telephones.--The lines and instruments. were kept in good order.

New lines were run from the old Star Ferry Pier (Revenue Office) to the Water Police Station and from the new Railway Station to the Engineer's Quarters. These two items were defray- ed from funds under the charge of the Imports and Exports and Railway Departments respectively.

The Railway Station was wired for electric clocks, and the telephone exchange was transferred to its permanent quarters in the Station building.

Wiring was installed for the transmission of hourly clock signals from the Observatory to the Water Police Station, the Eastern Telegraph Company's Office, and the Radio-Telegraph Room, General Post Office.

The typhoon signal lamps were removed from the Water Police Station, where they have hitherto been displayed, and were erected on the tower of the new Railway Station, electric control from the former being however maintained.

72. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, etc.--The sewers, storm- water drains, and trained nullahs were cleansed and maintained in good condition, the open channels and nullahs being attended to by the Sanitary Department. Sand deposits were removed from several of the nullahs and from their outfalls and inlets. All metal-work in connection with the various drainage systems was inspected and, where found necessary, was repaired and tarred. About 789 feet of old disused drains of varying sizes and types were destroyed and filled in.

Gullies were repaired in Canton Road near Salisbury Road and Haiphong Road.

*

P.W.R. Kowloon.

Q 46

The details of the expenditure under this head are as follows:-

Labour for cleansing operations,

Repairs, ...

Tools for cleansing operations,

General incidental expenditure,

$4,471.43

944.11

208.78

181.25

Total,........... ..$5,805.57

as against $5,412.80 in the previous year.

73. Gas Lighting. The total number of lamps in use at the end of the year was 304, an increase of 11 as compared with the previous year. The positions of the various additional lamps will be found in paragraph 119 of this Report.

74. Electric Lighting.-The number of electric lamps in use at the end of the year, all of which are incandescent, was 74, an increase of 6 as compared with the previous year. This is due to the extension of street lighting to the Taikoktsui and Hok Un Districts. Particulars of the positions of the additional lamps will be found in paragraph 119 of this Report. The lighting of Sham- shuipo District, referred to in last year's Report under this head- ing, is now dealt with under a separate vote (see paragraph 87 of this Report).

75. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers.--The following is a statement of the principal items of expenditure under this vote :—

Kowloon City Pier-Renewing reinforced concrete

beams and repairing masonry piers,................

Tsim Sha Tsui Pier :-

Renewing fenders,

$601.39

$384.42

Casting and fitting platform plates, . 108.00

Praya Walls, General-Minor repairs,

-

492.42

212.25

76. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries.-The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 42 of this Report.

77. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.-The heavy rains of June caused numerous small landslides, whilst road-surfaces not treated with tar were badly scoured. The only damage of any magnitude was the bulging of a nullah-wall at Mongkoktsui, which necessitated the addition of some cement concrete counter- forts, and the collapse of a portion of nullah-walling, supporting the roadway on the Yaumati-Kowloon City Road. Deposits of sand and debris had to be removed from the various trained nullahs.

78. Maintenance of Water Works.-A constant supply of water was maintained throughout the year, the quantity supplied

Q 47

P.W.R. Kowloon.

amounting to 432 18 million gallons, which gives an average daily consumption of 1·18 million gallons or, taking an estimated popula- tion of 98,300, say, 120 gallons per head per day. Details are given in Annexe H.

The quantity of water stored in the impounding reservoir on the 1st January amounted to 304-80 million gallons and it reached a minimum on the 15th May when it amounted to 182-17 million gallons. The reservoir was at or above its permanent overflow level during the following periods:

3rd June to 26th August.

23rd September to 10th October.

The quantity of water remaining in the reservoir at the end of the year amounted to 278.05 million gallons.

The analyses made by the Government Analyst and the ex- aminations made by the Bacteriologist were satisfactory.

The various buildings were kept in a good state of repair throughout the

year.

There were 494 meters in use at the close of the year, a reduction of 8 as compared with 1915. This was due to the withdrawal of connections with the mains from certain houses and the consequent removal of meters from such houses.

House services were constructed, altered, or repaired in 90 instances and 19 supplies were laid on for building purposes.

79. Water Account.-The number of meters examined and repaired during the year was 263.

vote:

The following is a statement of the expenditure under the

New meters (difference between issues and

receipts),...

Repairs to meters,

Meter Boxes, Miscellaneous,...

...

...

...$ 851.63

...

1,293.40 289.61

31.88

Total,

...

:

:

...$2,466.52

P.W.R. NEW TERRITORIES.

80. Maintenance of Buildings,-Islands in Southern District.-- The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following:--

Cheung Chau Police Station :-

General repairs & painting through-

out,

Minor repairs,

...

$655.58

86.83

742.41

122.36

Tai O Police Station-Minor repairs,

P.W.R. New Territories.

48

81. Improvements to Buildings,-Islands in Southern District.-- There is nothing special to report under this heading.

82. Maintenance of Buildings,-Mainland and Islands in Northern District. The buildings upon which any considerable sum was expended were the following:-

Ping Shan Police Station :---

General repairs, & painting through-

out,

...

...$1,551.59

341.46

$1,893.05

Renewing concrete footway and

minor repairs,...

Auhu Police Station:-

General repairs & painting through-

W

out, Minor repairs,

1,511.45

186.69

1,698.14

Sha Tau Kok Police Station-General

repairs and painting throughout,

1,266.29

Lai Chi Kok Segregation Camp :-

Renewing timbers to roofs,

398.61

Reconstructing wooden staircases,

209.97

Minor repairs,

408.89

1,017.47

P.W.D. Bungalow, Taipo :-

General repairs & painting through-

out,

....

Minor repairs,

895.75

37.20

932.95

Clerks' Quarters, Taipo,-General repairs

and painting and limewashing

throughout,..

Sheung Shui Police Station--Minor

335.99

repairs,

...

124.70

Kat O Police Station- Minor repairs,

120.09

repairs,

Kowloon City Police Station-Minor

...

Taipo Police Station-Minor repairs,

Shatin Police Station-Minor repairs,....... Sai Kung Police Station--Minor repairs, Taipo Rest House-Minor repairs,

83. Improvements to Buildings,-Mainland and Islands in Northern District.-There is nothing special to report under this heading.

118.35

113.62

112.99

104.90

102.65

Q 49

P.W.R. New Territories.

Appro-

84. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,—Mainland.

Improvements to Roads and Bridges,—Mainland. rimate Mileage 50.—The roads generally were maintained in a satisfactory manner.

The improvements, riz., casing bends and laying cement concrete channelling to that portion of the Taipo Road between the 3rd and 5th milestones, mentioned in last year's Report, were continued..

A storm-water culvert near the 6 miles on the Taipo Road was lengthened in connection with a proposed re-alignment of the road.

85. Maintenance of Telephones, Mainland.—The lines and instruments were maintained in good order. All telephones and electrical signalling apparatus on the British Section of the Kowloon-Canton Railway were also maintained in good condition. The telephone alarms at Au Tau and Ping Shan were kept in working order.

A new telephone line was constructed from Ping Shan to the temporary Police Station erected at Castle Peak Bay.

The lines from near Sheung Shui to Au Tau were reconstruct- ed, the route from Fanling to An Tau now following the new road.

Sheung Shui Police Station was wired for belis.

86. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,-Mainland. --The sewers and trained nullahs at Shamshuipo and the concrete chan- nels in Kowloon City were cleansed and maintained in good order.

The details of expenditure under this heading are as follows:-

Labour for cleansing operations,

Repairs,

Tools for cleansing operations,.

$246.73 6.74

General incidental expenditure,

35.30

Total,.

$288.77

as against $400.85 in the previous year.

87. Electric Lighting, Shamshuipo.-A new vote was intro- duced in this year's Estimates for lighting this District. The number of electric lamps in use at the end of the year, all of which are incandescent, was 13.*

88. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,-Mainland.-The work carried out under this heading has already been alluded to in paragraph 42 of this Report.

89. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages.--Islands in Southern District. There is nothing special to report under this heading.

W

* These lamps were erected in 1915.

P.W.R. New Territories.

Q 50

90. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,-- Mainland and Islands in Northern District.—The heavy rains of June caused numerous landslides throughout the length of the Taipo Road, whilst, near the 3rd milestone, where the road is on embankment, it was breach- ed for a length of 20 feet. In order to obviate a recurrence of the breaching of the road, a reinforced concrete culvert was construct- ed to assist in carrying off the stormwater.

91. Maintenance of Water Works, Lai Chi Kok,—Water Boat Supply. The total quantity of water supplied during the year amounted to 89-37 million gallons or about 244,000 gallons per day. Details of consumption are given in Anneŝe J.

There were 15 meters in use at the end of the year.

92. Water Account.-Meters were examined and only in 4 instances were repairs found necessary. The expenditure under the vote was consequently very trivial, being as follows :--

Repairs to meters,..............

Meter Boxes,

Miscellaneous,....

$33.33

Total,....

.$33.33

PUBLIC WORKS EXTRAORDINARY.

HONGKONG.

93. Wireless Telegraphy Station,—Cape D'Aguilar.-As men- tioned in last year's Report, the station was opened for the trans- mission of messages in July, 1915. The expenditure during 1916 comprised the following items :-

Balance due on Marconi Company's Contract (total amount of Con- tract £3,653 10s. Id.),

Services of Marconi Company's engineer for supervising erec-

£ s. d. $ C.

548 06 4,916.86

tion of wireless apparatus,... 500 00= 4,485.98

Payment to Consulting Engineers

(Messrs. Preece, Cardew, Snell and Ridder),

Cost of substituting a cable, 1,106 yards long, for overhead tele- phone lines belonging to the War Department in proximity to the station,

Carried forward,

19 3 6- 172.04

240 11 2 2,161.18

$11,736.06

.

Q 51

P.W.E. Hongkong,

£ s. d.

$

C.

Brought forward,

11,736.06

Cooling tanks and fire protection, ... Furniture and stores supplied by

Naval Authorities,

1,457.55

898.51

$14,092.12

1916 Estimates,......$ 7,500.00 Total Estimates, ......$102,500.00 1916 Sup. Votes,

2,321.68

$9,821.68 Expenditure to 1916 Expenditure,.. 14,092.12 31/12/16,

107,778.31

94. Married Quarters for Police, Caine Road.-These quarters were completed in November, 1915, and were fully described in last year's Report. The expenditure in 1916 consisted mainly of a balance due under the Contract, in addition to which there were sundry small items.

1916 Estimates,......$ 5,000.00 Total Estimates, ....... $ 71,000.00 1916 Sup. Vote... 4,500.00

1916 Expenditure,..

$ 9,500.00 Expenditure

9,335.94

to

31/12/16,

73,876.92

95. Gaol Extension,--New Block.-This work was completed during 1915 with the exception of the locks to the cell doors, which arrived during 1916 and were duly fixed. The work was fully described in last year's Report. The expenditure consisted mainly of a balance of $5,115.56 under the Contract, in addition to which there were several small items.

1916 Estimates,. 1916 Sup. Vote,......

1916 Expenditure,..

$ 3,000.00 | Total Estimates,......$ 47,500.00

2,351.00

5,351.00

5,339.02

Expenditure to

31/12/16,..

43,186,82

96. Quarters for Subordinate Officers, Happy Valley.--These quarters were completed early in November and were all occupied before the end of the month.

The work comprised the erection, on the east side of Happy Valley and immediately to the north of Broadwood Road, of a block of six two-storied houses of somewhat similar design to those already erected at Mount Parish and at King's Park, Kowloon. Each house has a small plot of ground in front and a small yard in the rear from which access to a scavenging lane is provided.

The two end houses contain a living room, 20′ 0′′×16′ 3′′, a dining-room, 14' 0"x 12' 0", three bedrooms, 16' 3"x 12′ 0′′, 16' 3" x 13' 0", and 14' 0"x 12' 3", respectively, two bath-rooms, and

a store-room.

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 52

Each of the four intermediate houses contains a living-room, 18' 1"x 15' 6", a dining-room, 17' 2" x 13' 6", two bed-rooms, 20′ 7′′ × 18′ 1′′ and 17' 2" x 13' 6", respectively, a bath-room and store-room. Each house is provided with a verandah in front on both floors. The stairs in the quarters are of timber. External stairs of reinforced concrete provide access to the bath-rooms. A ventilating space, 4' 0" high, is provided underneath the houses. A small one-storied wing attached to each house contains 2 servants' rooms, a European kitchen, pantry, servants' latrine, and coal-store.

The walls are of coursed granite rubble up to the ground floor level and, above that level, of brickwork in cement mortar. The principal front is faced with Formosa bricks up to the level of the first floor, aboye which it is finished with rough-cast plaster. The bay windows, string courses, copings, etc., are of concrete blocks, which were prepared at the Government quarry at Tsat Tsz Mui. The internal surfaces of all walls, except those of the servants' quarters, are plastered. The floors of the rooms are laid with hard- wood boarding on hardwood joists, and those of the verandahs are of reinforced concrete, finished with a layer of 6′′ × 6′′ cement tiles. The floors of the servants' quarters are of cement concrete, finished with granolithic. The roofs, except in the case of the verandahs and servants' quarters, which are of reinforced cement concrete, are covered with double pan and roll tiling. Electric light and bells have been installed throughout all the quarters.

|

1916 Estimates,... $ 46,000.00 Total Estimates,......$61,000.00 1916 Sup. Vote,

6,000.00

1916 Expenditure,...

$52,000.00 Expenditure to

51,705.60

31/12/16, 58,388.45

A balance of $6,251.69 remained to be paid in 1917.

97. Central Police Station,--Extension.—This work consists of the erection of a large block of buildings, containing offices, stores, recreation rooms and quarters on a site fronting on Hollywood Road. As mentioned in last year's Report, the site was obtained by resum- ing Inland Lot 3 at an outlay of $244,362.60.

A Contract for the demolition of the old buildings occupying the site, for the formation of the site to suit the new buildings and for the construction of the foundations was entered into with Messrs. Sang Lee & Co. on the 11th August. An immediate start was made and, by the end of the year, the demolition of the old buildings and practically the whole of the excavation had been com- pleted, whilst considerably more than half the concrete for the founda- tions had been laid and the brickwork had been commenced.

1916 Estimates,.....$30,000.00 Total Estimates,

$265,000.00

1916 Expenditure,..

5,691.32

Expenditure to

31/12/16.

5,691.32

53

98. Public Latrines and Urinals :---

P.W.E. Hongkong.

(a) Trough Closet (underground) adjoining Lower Tram Ter- minus.-A Contract for this work, which involved the removal of the chair coolies' shelter to a new position, was let in November. By the end of the year, the shelter had been removed bodily to its new site next the Tram Station; the excavation for the convenience (which will contain 3 trough-closet stalls and a urinal) was com- pleted and the concrete retaining walls had been begun. The manhole for the connection with the sewer was also constructed and the pipe for conveying water from Albany Nullah was laid.

1916 Estimates,......$2,200.00 Total Estimates,

|

1916 Expenditure,..

Expenditure to

669.78 31/12/16,

...$2,200.00

669.78

(b.) Converting existing Urinal (underground) at junction of Peak and Robinson Roads into a Trough Closet.—Plans were pre- pared and a Contract was let for this work in December.

1916 Estimates,

|

$500.00 Total Estimates, ...$500.00

Expenditure to

31/12/16,

1916 Expenditure,.. 49.63

49.63

(c.) Urinal (above-ground) in shrubbery at junction of Garden and Bowen Roads.-Plans were prepared and a Contract for this work was let in December, the site being altered to the west bank of Albany Nullah a short distance south of the Gardeners' Cottages. The drain required for connecting the convenience with the sewer was laid; a manhole was constructed and the pipe for conveying water from Albany Nullah was laid by the end of the year. 1916 Estimates,......$800.00 | Total Estimates, ... $800.00

1916 Expenditure,.. 261.09

99. Roads

Expenditure to

31/12/16, ......... 261.09

(a.) Aberdeen to Deep Water Bay.--A description of this work was given in last year's Report, the work having reached completion in 1915, except some of the surfacing. The expenditure incurred was for payment of the retention money under the Contract and for the completion of the asphaltum carpeting, all liabilities being discharged.

1916 Estimates,......$2,000.00 | Total Estimates,

Expenditure to

1916 Expenditure,.. 1,712.52 31/12/16,

$48,000.00

42,525.49

(b.) Path_from Queen's Road East to Kennedy Road adjoining Inland Lots 2072 and 2079.—Work on the adjoining lots was not sufficiently advanced to admit of this work being proceeded with.

1916 Estimates,... $2,000.00 | Total Estimates,

$2,200.00

*

1916 Expenditure, .. Nil.

Expenditure to

31/12/16,

214.02.

P.W.E. Hongkong.

34-

(c.) General Works. The following is a statement of the prin- cipal works carried out under this heading

(i.) Pokfulam Road-Forming, surfacing and channelling road diversion past Belcher's Battery,.

(ii) Centre Street and Bonham Road-Recon- structing flight of steps at top of Centre Street, improving alignment of Bonham Road and surfacing with tar macadam,.......

(iii) Sands and North Streets-Forming, surfac- ing, kerbing, channelling and paving portions of footways south of Belcher's Street,

(iv.) Ship Street-Extending roadway southwards with granite steps and granolithic foot-

way,

(v.) Broadwood Road-Forming, surfacing, kerb- ing and channelling and paving footways,

$1,988.91

1,966.19

1,491.45

1,136.36

891.59

(vi.) Catchick Street, Belcher's Street and Smith- field -Kerbing and channelling around new houses on I.L. 1297,

674.24

(vii.) Shaukiwan Road-Kerbing, channelling, paving portion of footway in front of I.L. 1723, and raising roadway,..

(viii.) Tai Hang-Kerbing, channelling and paving in front of houses

on I.L. 2040,

Kerbing, channelling and

paving in front of houses on İ.L. 2087,

$ 632.62

642.66*

228.43

861.05

(ix) Leighton Hill Road-Kerbing, channelling and laying granolithic footway opposite new houses on I.L. 729,

(x.) Shaukiwan Village--Forming approach path at side of nullah, kerbing and paving for access to new houses on S.I.L.'s 420-422, (xi.) Praya East-Forming channel westwards from Spring Gardens Lane, north side of road,

595.21

574.74*

466.06

(xii.) Wongneichong Road-Paving opposite new

houses on I.L. 2039,

471.45

(xiii.) Caine Road-Altering alignment of road at

junction with Seymour Road,.........

393.94

(xiv.) Shaukiwan Road-Relaying kerb with steps and channel and laying granolithic slabs in front of houses on I.L. 2086,

* Granolithic paving was paid for by the frontagers.

373.73

55

P.W.E. Hongkong.

(xv.) Garden Road--Paving footway opposite

Helena May Institute,

(xvi.) Conduit Road-Converting private footpath on I.L. 706 into a public path and con- necting same with Conduit Road,

(xvii.) Star Street-Paving, etc., in front of houses

on I.L. 2119,..

(xviii.) Hollywood Road and Upper Station Street -Kerbing, channelling and paving opposite houses on I.L. 210,

371.26

357.01

339.30

290.22

(xix.) New Road between I.L.'s 61 and 768, south

235.42

(xx.) Old Bailey-Paving in front of new houses

on I.L. 124,

223.64

of Queen's Road East-Surfacing and channelling,

(xxi.) Bonham Strand East-Altering paving, channels and roadway to new alignment of Building Line,

220.95

Item (i). The construction of the new Service Reservoir and Filter Beds near this point rendered it possible to effect a great improvement in the alignment of Pokfulam Road by eliminating a series of sharp bends. The improvement entailed a re-adjustment of the boundary of War Department land, for which arrangements were made with the Military Authorities. The altered alignment gives a considerable length of straight, evenly-graded road.

Item (ii). These works were rendered necessary by a re-adjust- ment of the boundaries of I.L. 691 and by the reconstruction of Cowper's Tank which has now been converted into a flushing tank for the sewerage system in the Western District of the City.

Items (iii) to (x), (xii), (xiv), (xv), (xvii), (xviii) and (xx). These works were rendered necessary by the erection of new build- ings in the localities or on the lots mentioned.

Item (xi). This work became necessary owing to the extension of the reclamation on the north side of the road.

Item (xiii). In erecting the boundary wall of the new Police Quarters on Caine Road, advantage was taken of the opportunity to improve the junction of Caine and Seymour Roads.

Item (xvi). By arrangement with the lessees of I.L. 706, the area occupied by a private pathway on that lot connecting with Robinson Road was resumed by Government and a connection with Conduit Road was made, thus affording an additional means of communication between Robinson and Conduit Roads.

Item (xix). Owing to the extensive developments, which are occurring between Queen's Road East and Kennedy Road, it was considered advisable to improve the access to this area. A portion of I.L. 768 was accordingly resumed, enabling a road 23 feet wide to be formed. A flight of steps communicating with Kennedy Road will be constructed later.

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 56

Item (xxi). By arrangement with the lessees of I.L.'s 560 and 561, the fronts of the buildings on these lots were set back during reconstruction, resulting in a considerable improvement in the laying-out of the neighbourhood. The lots in question adjoin the Western Market, the frontage of which was correspondingly adjust- ed when the new building was in course of erection.

100. Training Nullahs:

:

(a.) South-west of Marine Lot 239 and Inland Lot 1855.—This work was completed. In addition to the length of 448 feet, men- tioned in the Report for 1914, further training to the extent of 830 feet was carried out. Of this additional length, 366 feet are con- structed with rubble stone side walls from 5′ 0′′ to 3′ 0′′ high and with a cement concrete invert 3′ 6′′ to 2′ 6′′ wide. The remaining 464 feet consist of large cement concrete channels varying in width from 2' 0" to 1' 6". In accordance with the arrangement made with the lessee of M.L. 239 and I.L. 1355, a sum of $1,409.50 was con- tributed by him towards the cost of the work.

|

1916 Estimates,... $2,000.00 Total Estimates, ...$7,500.00

Expenditure to 31/12/16,..

1916 Expenditure,.. 1,994.49

5,447.21*

(b.) Aberdeen.This work was described in last year's Report. The whole of the channels were completed in the early part of the year, the following being the additional lengths trained beyond those mentioned in last year's Report :---

36" x 36",

24" x 24",

18" x 18",

35 feet. 121 21 .1,033

""

12" × 12",

403

1916 Estimates,.....$2,000.00 | Total Estimates,... $7,000.00

1916 Sup. Vote,

1,500.00

$3,500.00

1916 Expenditure,.. 3,497.83

Expenditure to

31/12/16, ... 4,510.68

(c.) Branch streams east of main stream, Pokfulam Village. This work consisted of the construction of channels, which vary in size from 36′′ × 36′′ to 21′′ × 21" and which are formed of cement concrete with semi-circular invert and vertical sides. The total lengths trained were as follows:-

25 feet. 408 595 ""

11

1916 Estimates, $1,600.00 Total Estimates,..

36" x 36".

30" x 30",

21" x 21".

$2,600.00

1916 Sup. Vote,

1,000.00

$2,600.00

1916 Expenditure,.. 2,597.34

* This amount does not include the sum of $1,409.50 contributed by the lessee of

Expenditure to

31/12/16,

2,597.34

M.L. 239 and L.L. 1355.

Q 57

P.W.E. Hongkong.

(d.) Stream in Sookunpoo Valley-As mentioned in paragraph 16 of this Report, the lots formerly known as Inland Lots 1019, 1020 and 1021, which occupied a very large portion of the Sookunpoo Valley, were surrendered to Government by Sir R. W. B. Jardine, thus admitting of the formation of an additional recreation ground. Practically, the entire area of the valley was very low-lying and swampy, the streams from the surrounding hills pursuing very irregular courses in traversing it. It was therefore necessary to fill in all the flat land, material being obtained from the neighbouring hills, and to train the streams.

The first section of the work was begun in February and, by the close of the year, a length of 1,001 feet of nullah had been com- pleted. By arrangement with the owner of I.L. 1464, a portion of the hill occupied by the building formerly known as the "Belilios Reformatory which extended over his lot was cut away at his expense to admit of the nullah being constructed on its permanent alignment. In all 20,376 cubic yards of material were excavated from this hill in forming the route for the new nullah.

The nullah averages 8'0" wide by 8'0" deep and is constructed with rubble masonry side walls, supported on a foundation of lime concrete which extends the full width of the nullah. The invert, in the centre of which a semi-circular channel, 9" wide, is formed to take the dry-weather flow, is of cement concrete, 4" thick. In places, where the ground is soft, a layer of rubble stone, 12′′ thick, was laid underneath the lime concrete foundation.

1916 Estimates,.....$20,000.00

1916 Expenditure,.. 19,999.90

Total Estimates, ... $51,400.00 Expenditure to

31/12/16, 19,999.90

(e.) General Works.-The following is a statement of the works carried out under this heading:-

(i.) Training small stream-courses in rear of I.L.'s 2039 & 1698, Wongneichong Road, (completed),

(ii.) Diverting and training stream-course south and east of I.L. 2121, Sookunpoo Valley, (completed),

Length Expendi-

trained. ture. Lin. Ft.

$

767

422.57

481

570.88

(iii.) Diverting and training stream-course

near S.I.L.'s 420-422, Shaukiwan West, (completed),...

114

493.15

(iv.) Training stream-courses east and west of I.L. 2138, Conduit Road, and divert- ing central stream-course to the west- ward, (incomplete),

Cost of work,

Less contribution by

lessee,

(v.) Various small items,

1916 Estimates,

1916 Expenditure,

$1,157.88

500.00

317

657.88

38.93

$3,000.00

2,183.41

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 58

101. Miscellaneous Drainage Works.-The following is a state- ment of the principal items carried out under this heading :

(i.) Filling in Pond near Temple east of Shaukiwan

Police Station, (completed),...

(ii.) Extension of 6" sewer in Monmouth Path from Wing Fung Street West to I.L. 2119, (com- pleted),...

(iii) Extension of 6" sewer in Lane opposite Spring Gardens Lane south of Queen's Road East to I.L.'s 1923-1931, (completed),

(iv.) Training stream-course west of I.L.'s 1549 and

1783, Conduit Road, (completed),

$165.37

332.06

433.21

511.70

(v.) Extension of 6" sewer, east side of Centre Street,

opposite I.L. 691, (completed),

212.31

...

(vi.) Extension of 6" sewer to S.I.L.'s 420-422, Sai

Wan Ho, (completed), ...

511.05

(vii.) Diverting small storm-water channel clear of I.L. 2140, Ship Street, by laying 6" storm-water drain, (completed),

$ 478.49

lessee,

175.00

Cost of Work,

Less contribution by

(viii.) Extension of 9" and 6" sewers in Sookunpoo Valley from opposite I.L. 1018 to I.L. 2121, (completed),

(ix) Extension of 6" sewer and 9" storm-water drain on east side of I.L. 2086, Whitfeild, (completed), (x.) Extension of 12" and 9" storm-water drains in Queen's Road East between Kennedy Street and Kennedy Road, (completed),

303.49

1,469.09

380.98

742.38

(xi.) Training stream-course between R.B.L.'s 97 and

125, Barker Road, (completed),...

316.36

(xii.) Diversion of 6" sewer in West End Park opposite

I.L. 609, (completed),

Cost of work,

Less contribution by

lessee,

$ 393.70

392.40

(xiii) Encasing with cement concrete 9" and 6" sewers in Garden and Kennedy Roads and in loop road on west side of I.L. 580 to prevent tree roots entering joints, (not completed),...

(xiv.) Drain connections (56) and other minor items,

1.30

471.96

(completed),

Cost of work,

$5,322.54

Less contributions by

various lessees, &c.,

1,902.38

3,420.16

1916 Estimates,

1916 Expenditure,

$20,000.00 9,271.42

Q 59

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Item (i). This work consisted of the filling-in of a large stagnant pool to prevent the breeding of mosquitoes.

Items (ii), (iii), (v) and (vi). These extensions were required to take the sullage water from new houses built on the lots mentioned.

Item (iv). The work referred to formed an extension of the training previously executed. It was rendered necessary by the sale of I.L. 2,205 Conduit Road.

Item (vii). The diversion of the existing storm-water channel formed one of the conditions of sale of I.L. 2,140.

Item (viii). This extension was required to take the sullage water from the Indian School erected on I.L. 2,121.

Item (ix). The extension of the sewer and storm-water drains was necessitated by the erection of new houses on I.L. 2,086.

Item (x). The drainage arrangements hitherto existing having been found to be inadequate, an extension of the storm-water drain was carried out, additional street gullies being provided.

Item (xi). This stream-course was trained to prevent the breed- ing of mosquitoes.

Item (xii). This diversion was necessitated by an extension of the boundaries of I.L. 609.

Item (xiii). As the roots of the Banyan trees bordering the roads mentioned had penetrated the joints of the sewers, the sewers were encased in cement concrete to prevent a repetition of the

occurrence.

Item (xiv). This calls for no comment.

102. Extensions of Lighting.-The following lamps were erected :-

Gas Lamps.

Tank Lane,

I

End of Pier at Observation Place, Wanchai, Hau Wo Street,

1*

4t

Kennedy Town,

9

Kennedy Road,

Peak Road,.

20

Deduct lamps removed :-

Verandah, French Convent, Sun Wai Lane,

1

1

Net increase,

.18

* Charged to "Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers".

† Provided under Private Street Improvements and charged to lessee of lot,

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q.60

Electric Lamps (incandescent).

No addition was made to the number of Electric Lamps.

1916 Estimates,.

1916 Expenditure,

$1,000.00 905.00

103. Chinese Cemeteries,—Laying out new areas.-A statement of the work carried out under this heading will be found in para- graph 42 of this Report.

1916 Estimates,..

1916 Expenditure,

$3,000.00 1,713.93

104. Kailungwan Cemetery,-Exhumations.-Provision for this work was made at the instance of the Sanitary Department, which makes the necessary arrangements for extensive exhumations in Cemeteries, but it was not proceeded with during the year.

1916 Estimates,.

1916 Expenditure,

$6,000.00 7.60

105. Survey of Colony.-An account of the survey work executed will be found in paragraph 19 of this Report.

1916 Estimates,

1916 Expenditure,

$4,000.00 2,377.08

106. Boundary Stones.-A statement of the boundary stones

fixed will be found in paragraph 18 of this Report.

1916 Estimates,..... 1916 Supplementary Vote,

$1,000.00

150.00

$1,150.00 1,148.85

1916 Expenditure,

107. Dredging off Kowloon Point.-Dredging for the Western and Southern approaches to the new pier of the Hongkong and Kowloon Wharf and Godown Co., Ltd., was continued and was com- pleted during the year. Operations were again hampered by break- downs and by the difficulty of obtaining suitable European Officers for the vessel. This difficulty ultimately became so acute that from August to December, when operations were completed, the dredger was manned entirely with Chinese. It is worthy of note that, during this period, whilst the progress made was slow, no break- downs occurred.

Extensive repairs had to be made to the ladder of the "St. Enoch" and the vessel was docked for scraping and painting. The

Q 61

P.W.E. Hongkong.

charges for repairs and for overhaul were defrayed from the vote "Upkeep of Plant" vide paragraph 63 of this Report,

1916 Estimates, ...$ 4,000.00 Amount contribut-

Total Estimates :

Government's

ed by the Hong-

share,...

$29,000.00

kong & Kowloon

Hongkong & Kow-

Wharf & Godown

loon Wharf &

Co., Ltd., for

Godown

Co.'s

dredging

ex-

share,

12,000.00

ecuted alongside

their pier,

12,000.00

Total,. $ 41,000.00

1916 Supplemen-

tary Votes,

9,000.00

$ 25,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/16,

42,069.78

1916 Expenditure, 24,672.38

108. Post Office-Improving lighting of Sorting Hall.—The im- provement consisted of substituting indirect lighting by means of half-watt lamps and special fittings for the pendant lamps of high candle power and intense brilliancy, but of low efficiency, hitherto

in use.

The improvements made reduced the intense glare produced by direct lighting and, by adopting the new and improved lamps now available, the consumption of current has been lowered considerably. Arrangements were also provided for better control of the lights.

The number of lamps installed was as follows:-

No.

19

300-Candle Power in 14 inch bowls.

6 200-

6 32-

""

""

1916 Estimates,

12

"1

""

,, opaque reflectors.

1916 Supplementary Vote,

$1,500.00

28.98

$1,528.98

1916 Expenditure,

1,528.98

109. Lunatic Asylum-Balconies to windows of Wardmaster's Quarters. Two reinforced concrete balconies, with iron sunshades over, were erected to the windows of the Wardmaster's Quarters on the first floor.

1916 Estimates,

1916 Expenditure,

$600,00 599.12

110. Miscellaneous Works.-The following are the principal

items of expenditure under this heading:-

Government Offices:

Alterations to Annexe and adding Storey

to Cement Testing Room,

Converting lavatory into an additional

office for the Survey Branch,

Sundry minor items,

$ 2,291.10

326.42

115.99

$ 2,733.51

P.W.E. Hongkong.

New Government Offices :-

62

Sundry alterations to Parcel Room, Re- gistration Branch, and Registered Parcel Counter,

Sundry alterations to office for Chinese letters and to Postmaster General's and Mail Superintendent's Offices,... Connecting telephone line from Superin- tendent of Imports and Exports' Office to Post Office Exchange,

$424.43

232.72

193.40

Providing and fixing signboards and notice boards in various offices,

161.99

Sundry alterations and additions to

basement,

122.91

Postmaster General's New Office- Fixing telephone, electric bell, etc., Installing telephone, electric lights and

fans in the office of the Inspector of Vernacular Schools,..

119.35

111.88

Providing movable canvas sunshades

over Sorting Hall,

83.51

Connecting telephone from Quarry to

Post Office Exchange,.

68.77

Sundry minor items,

299.25

$1,818.46

Praya West, Steam Roller Shed-Erecting new shed

near Sutherland Street,

1,257.35

Victoria Gaol :-

Warder's Quarters,-Installing electric

light and fans,

$991.42

Clerks Office-Installing electric light

and fans,

126.74

1,118.16

Tai Hang Washing Tanks--Constructing 10 new

washing tanks in reinforced concrete,

1,025.34

Ellis Kadoorie School-Constructing new volleyball

courts,.

1,012.04

Wellington Street Latrine-Providing and fixing Sirocco

fan and improving ventilation,..

550.65

Caine Road Married Police Quarters:-

Providing rattan screens to ground floor

verandah....

$176.31

Providing and fixing brackets and cur-

tain rods,

141.52

Sundry minor items,

204.10

521,93

Opium Shed-Alterations in connection with Tobacco

and Liquor Licences,

449.24

Bathing Beaches at North Point and Kennedy Town- Erecting matshed and piers and providing watch-

men, etc.,

434.49

63

Buildings Ordinance Office, P.W.D. :-

Altering mortar testing machine and providing moulds for testing bri- quettes,

Mortar sample tins, etc.,

Wireless Telegraph Station:-

Substituting cable in the vicinity of the

station for overhead lines communi- cating with the General Post Office, Sundry minor items,

P.W.E. Hongkong.

$346.00 68.05

$ 414.05

163.55

219.15

382.70

Victoria School:---

Installing electric light and fanplugs in

Quarters,

-173.64

Providing and fixing range of basins in

boys' lavatory,...

197.01

370.65

Stanley Cemetery :-

Recutting and painting inscriptions on granite headstones and providing and fixing new concrete slabs with inscriptions to graves,

337.85

Aberdeen Village:-

Constructing 7 water tanks on the east side of

Wanchai Gap Road for cultivators,

336.01

Conduit Road :- པ་

Removing dangerous boulders, etc., from above

Garden Lot 45,

322.74

French Hospital, Causeway Bay Bridging nullah to

form approach to hospital,

253.94

Mountain Lodge:-

Installing direct telephone communica-

tion,

$112.00

Sundry minor items,

139.08

251.08

Wanchai Laundries-Demolishing latrine and re-erect-

ing same in new position,

233.15*

Government House:-

Installing water-closet in Custodian's

Quarters,

$122.13

Alterations to electric light in Dining

Room,

107.05

229.18

Slaughter House, Kennedy Town-Installing electric

light in Cattle Killing Room,

186.51

* Under the Conditions of Sale for I.L. 2158, a sum of $450 was paid by

the purchaser of that lot for the removal and re-crection of the latring.

P.W.E. Hongkong,

Q 64

111. Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903,—Compen- sation and Resumptions.--This vote provides for the resumption of areas to form scavenging lanes, for the payment of compensation in connection with the removal of houses over the ends of private streets or lanes, and other matters. In some cases where houses are of moderate depth, a modification of the open space requirements has been granted, the owners agreeing to provide a lane without compensation in consideration of being permitted to count it as part of their open space.

1916 Estimates,

1916 Supplementary Votes,

1916 Expenditure,

$10,000.00

1,600.00

11,600.00

10,152.10

The following is a statement of the various resumptions effected during the year and of the scavenging lane areas provided by owners without compensation :-

(1.) Properties resumed.

Compensation paid.

Portion of I.L. 768, Queen's Road East, resumed in order to improve the street giving access to various lots between Queen's Road East and Kennedy Road,

Portions of I.L. 706, Robinson Road. Resumption. in connection with new public footpath from Robinson to Conduit Road,

$$

2,418.00

1,481,60

I.L. 2054, Hatton Road,

1,600.00

Various lots at Little Hongkong resumed on account of their lying within the extended boundaries of R.B.L. 132,

137.50

Shaukiwan East-portion of S.L. 63 R.P., (No. 62 Main Street), resumed in order to increase the

width of the street,

S.L. 234. Resumption for street improvements,

47.00

100.00

S.L.'s 301 and 302. Compensation paid for build-

ings,

410.00

The compensation payable in respect of the resumption of Mallory Street on Marine Lot 110, referred to in last year's Report, was not paid before the close of the year.

In connection with the laying-out of M.L.'s 23 and 25, Praya East, formerly occupied by the French Convent but now being devoted to Chinese houses, arrangements were made for the construction of a new street, 30 feet wide, and for the widening to 30 feet of Tsui In Lane, hitherto only 10 feet wide. Compensation for the areas occupied by the new street and by the widening of Tsui In Lane is to be paid at the rate of $3.00 per square foot, the combined areas being about 12,970 square feet,

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Q 66

involved an additional expenditure of $45,000. Authority for this additional expenditure was duly obtained from the Secretary of State, after reference to the Public Works Committee.

By the end of the year, the containing walls of the reservoir were nearly completed and a considerable area of the concrete invert had been laid.

The excavation for the filter beds was continued and the concrete side-walling and inverting of one of them was proceeded with. Certain 14" and 12" pipes, which were available, were laid from near the service reservoir along Pokfulam Road to the junction of High Street and Western Street, a distance of about 755 yards, as part of the rearrangement of mains in connection with the new works. The laying of these mains entailed considerable alterations to the sewers and storm-water drains met with en route. A number of 6" cast-iron pipes, which were superseded by the new mains, were recovered.

In addition to the above, a length of 242 yards of 12′′ cast-iron pipe was laid from near the reservoir to the junction of Bonham and Pokfulam Roads. This will form a portion of the pipe-line for con- veying unfiltered water from Tytam to the new filter beds.

1916 Estimates,...$200,000.00 | Total Estimates, $ 310,000.00

Expenditure to 1916 Expenditure, 75,835.05 31/12/16,...

119,521.86

113. Tytam Tuk Scheme, Second Section.-Good progress with the construction of the damn was maintained throughout the year. The total length over which excavation had been completed by the end of the year was 1,218 feet, as compared with 630 feet at the end of 1915, whilst the height to which the concrete and masonry had been carried, except in the case of a short length which was purposely kept low to provide a temporary overflow, varied from 102 to 118 feet above Ordnance Datum. For the temporary overflow already referred to, a length of 75 feet was kept down to 86 feet above Ordnance Datum.

In all, 9,533 cubic yards of soft material and 2,994 cubic yards of rock were excavated during the year. The quantities of cement concrete deposited and of granite ashlar and rubble set were as follows:

Fine cement concrete,.

Hearting concrete, containing granite

displacers,

Granite ashlar,

rubble,

14,546 cub. yds.

50,493

>>

"

114,603

""

feet

43,983

"}

"

As already mentioned in paragraph 64 of this Report, the in- cidence of the rainfall during the year was very unfavourable for the storage of water in the low-level reservoir. Considerably more than half the total rainfall of the year fell in May and June, when, for constructional reasons, the water in the reservoir could not be main- tained at a higher level than 40 feet above Ordnance Datum. A great quantity of water consequently flowed to waste over the temporary

65

--

P.W.E. Hongkong.

Arrangements were made for the surrender to Government, free of cost, of Ÿiu Wah Street on Inland Lot 730. The Crown rent of the lot was reduced proportionately to the reduction in area resulting from the surrender of the street.

Arrangements were also made for the resumption of I.L. 2026, Kennedy Road, (area 8,700 square feet), at a cost of $4,250.00. The compensation was not paid, however, before the close of the

year.

(2.) Scavenging Lanes resumed on payment of compensation.

Compensation was paid in respect of the resumption of Scaveng- ing Lanes on M.L. 110 to which reference was made in last year's Report. The amount paid was $3,958.00.

(3.) Scavenging Lanes provided by owners but not surrendered to Government.

Do.

Area in sq. ft.

In rear of Nos. 184-190 Hollywood Road, I.L. 210,

Nos. 10-22 Catchick Street, Nos. 55-67 Bel- chers Street, and Nos. 2-12 Smithfield, I.L. 1296,.

602.50

1,983.00

Do.

Nos. 24-74 Catchick Street, Nos. 69-119 Belchers Street, and Nos. 1-51 and 2-52 Hau Wo Street, I.L. 1297,.

4,830.00

Do.

Nos. 25-33 Water Street and Nos. 11-15 Kui

Yan Street, I.L. 797,

359.00

Do.

Do.

Do.

Nos. 108-114 Second Street, I.L. 678, Nos. 13 and 15 Bonham Road and Nos. 42

and 44 Pokfulam Road, I.L. 753, ... Nos. 28-30A Stanley Street and Nos. 37-39a

Wellington Street, I.L. 133,

168.00

321.00

744.16

Do,

3 houses, Wongneichong, I.L.'s 1926, 2161

and 2170,.

378.00

(4.) Scavenging Lanes to be provided by owners when an oppor- tunity occurs of gaining access to them from the adjoining streets.

In rear of No. 240 Des Voeux Road Central,

Area in sq. ft.

I.L. 1869..

42.25

Do.

No. 264 Des Voeux Road Central,

I.L. 1810,..

85.00

Do.

No. 294 Des Voeux Road Central,

I.L. 1825,..

85.50

Do.

No. 304 Des Voeux Road Central, and No. 96 Wing Lok Street, I.L.

1829,

86.00

112. Additional Service Reservoir, etc., West Point.-Owing to the unfavourable nature of the ground in which the site for the service reservoir had been excavated, it was found necessary to build the containing walls of the reservoir of sufficient strength to enable them to act as retaining walls. As the original design provided for facewalls only, the substitution of the heavier type of construction

67

P.W.E Hongkong.

overflow, which was then at a low level. From July onwards, when construction had reached such a stage as to admit of the storage of water to a considerably greater height, the rainfall was so small that full advantage of the additional capacity of the dam was not obtained. The water attained its maximum height on the 20th October when it stood at 30 feet above the lowest draw-off, or 50 feet above Ord- nance Datum, at which level the effective impound is 211 million gallons. The dam was however capable of impounding 367 million gallons at the date mentioned.

The Contract for laying the additional pumping and supply mains and executing certain contingent works, which was entered into in March, 1914, was completed during the year.

The following three Contracts for the foundations of the new Pumping Machinery and for the enlargement of the Pumping Station were completed during the year :-

(a) Foundations for Pumping Machinery, entered into in

September, 1914.

(b) Foundations of Boiler House Extension and construc- tion of flues for boilers, entered into in February, 1915. (e) Extension of Pumping Station Buildings, entered into

in July, 1915.

No new Contracts were entered into during the year.

The erection of the two sets of additional pumping machinery was proceeded with under the supervision of Mr. Daniel Dyer, the representative of the makers of the plant (Messrs. James Simpson and Co., Ltd.) and by the end of the year one set had been tested under steam for short runs, amounting in all to 5,000 revolutions, whilst the second set was nearly ready for steam trials.

As mentioned in last year's Report, pumping from the new reservoir was begun on the 22nd October, 1915. Details of the pumping executed in 1916 will be found in paragraph 64 of this Report.

1916 Estimates, $ 700,000.00 1916 Sup. Vote, 130,000.00

$830.000.00

1916 Expenditure, 812,965.87*

Total Estimates, $2,455,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/16,... 2,072,864.69

114. Altering and installing hydraulic motor in connection with New Filter Beds, West Point.-Owing to the altered conditions under which it will have to work in connection with the new filter beds, it was necessary to make certain alterations in the old hydraulic motor which was formerly installed in the Bonham Road Pumping Station, now abandoned for Water Works purposes. These involved the construction of new pump-ends to suit the altered conditions and to enable the motor to pump to the 750-feet reservoir for supplying

* The actual expenditure for 1916 was $817,042,35. A sum of $4,076.48, being the value of certain surplus stores transferred for use on other works, was credited to the vote by deducting it from the amount expended.

P.W.E, Hongkong.

Q 68

the High Levels of the City. The new pump-plungers will be 9" in diameter and will be double-acting. The motor will derive its power from the service reservoir in connection with the old Filter Beds, adjoining Victoria Battery, and will exhaust into the new service reservoir now under construction. When installed, it will to some extent supersede the steam engine so far as pumping to the High Levels of the City is concerned. By the end of the year, the patterns and castings were well in hand and special tools, etc., were prepared at the Government Workshop where all the machine-work in connection with the construction of the motor will be undertaken prior to its installation in its new position above Pokfulam Road.

1916 Estimates, .... $10,000.00 | Total Estimates,... $10,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/16,

1916 Expenditure,. 1,345.66

1,345.66

115. Miscellaneous Water Works.-The following is a statement of the works undertaken under this heading:-

(i.) Fire Hydrants, Kennedy Road,

$

8.19

(ii.) Recorder, Gauge Basin, Albany Filter Beds, (iii.)" service and fountain to I.L.'s 420-422,.

462.64

55.98

(iv.) General,

212.44

(v.) Laying 4" main and fountains in Smithfield, (vi.) Temporary catchwaters

97.97

at Tytam Tuk-not

proceeded with,

441.70

1916 Estimates, .

.$6,000.00 1,278.92

1916 Expenditure,.

Item (i). Owing to delay in the carrying out of the realignment of Kennedy Road, begun in 1913, (vide item (v) in Report for 1913), only a small portion of this work could be executed.

Item (ii). Owing to the construction of the new Low Level Reservoir at Tytam Tuk, the two recorders, which were fixed in 1906, to register the yield of the catchment area, became useless. One has therefore been adapted for use at Albany Filter Beds, where it has been fixed to register the quantity of water passing over the main gauge. It is useful as a check on the out-put of the filter beds.

Item (iii). A new fountain was found necessary and was accordingly fixed.

Item (iv). This calls for no comment.

Item (v). Two large blocks of houses having been erected in Smithfield, an extension of the water mains became necessary in order to provide them with a supply of water.

Item (vi). This expenditure was incurred in connection with certain emergency works undertaken at Tytam Tuk in September, 1915, on account of the threatened drought but rendered unnecessary by the rainfall of October. A reference to the matter will be found in paragraph 170 of last year's Report.

P.W.E. KOWLOON.

69

P.W.E. Kowloon.

116. Roads,-General Works.-The following is a statement of the works executed under this heading :-

(i.) Canton Road and Reclamation Street between Waterloo Road and Pitt Street-Raising, kerbing, channelling, macadamising carriageways, laying granolithic footways, concreting scavenging lane and providing the necessary drainage,

(ii) Constructing a road, 8′0′′ wide, to give access

to N.K.F.L.'s 7 and 8,

(iii.) Nathan Road :--

Kerbing, channelling and laying gra- nolithic paving adjoining K.I.L. 571, (half width only),

Forming, channelling and surfacing

with decomposed granite (half width of roadway) at rear of K.I.L. 1293; adjusting kerbing, laying

$1,310.04

$3,526.81

1,357.02

new channelling and granolithic paving in front of lot,..

1,181.32

2,491.36

(iv.) Hunghom-Kowloon City Road--Erecting dwarf wall and forming channelling opposite Shek Shan Quarry Lot No. 6 to prevent the road being dam- aged by heavy rains,

(v.) Sham Chun Street-Raising, kerbing and chan- nelling adjoining K.I.L.'s 58-63 including con- creting side lane and providing the necessary drainage,

(vi.) Pitt Street (between Disinfecting Station and Steam Laundry)-Relaying kerbing and chan- nelling and reforming and macadamising car- riageway,

(vii.) Jordan Road-Kerbing, channelling and surfac- ing road (half width) on east side of K.I.L. 1294 and laying granolithic footway on north, south and east sides of lot,

(viii.) Portland Street:---

Raising carriageway, kerbing, chan-

nelling and laying decomposed granite footway opposite K.I.L. 1217,.....

1,115.78

855.78

851.74

673.01

$611.43

Kerbing, channelling and laying gra- nolithic paving opposite K.I.L. 1218..

182.52

Channelling and paving scavenging

lane at rear of K.I.L.'s 948, 949

and 975,

175.34

969.29

P.W.E. Kowloon.

70

(ix.) Argyle Street-Kerbing, channelling and laying decomposed granite footway, raising carriageway (half width) to new levels, surfacing with decom- posed granite and providing the necessary drain- age opposite K.I.L. 1262,

(x.) Shanghai Street-Kerbing and channelling in front and on south side of K.I.L. 1287, including concreting scavenging lane at rear of lot and providing drainage,

(xi.) Reclamation Street-Raising carriageway, kerb- ing, channelling and laying granolithic footway opposite K.I.L. 960,

(xii.) Saigon Street-Paving with granite setts in front

of dust bin, (xiii.) Kansu Street-Kerbing, channelling and laying granolithic paving in front and on south side of K.I.L. 1296 and providing the necessary drainage, (xiv.) Chatham Road-Laying cast-iron rain-water channels across footway opposite K.I.L. 576, (xv.) Austin Road-Laying cast-iron rain-water channel

across footway opposite K.I.L. 1171,

$595.56

514.50

513.73

449.43

277.70

158.94

122.61

Most of the foregoing items were rendered necessary by the erection of buildings on the various lots mentioned. The only items calling for special mention are the following:

Item (ii). The construction of this road was carried out in 'ac- cordance with the special conditions attached to the sale of New Kowloon Farm Lots 7 & 8. Including a length of 1,200 feet of old road, which was widened, the total length of the road is 3,050 feet.

Item (iv). As the road to Kowloon City was periodically damaged by heavy rainfalls, owing to flood water carrying with it detritus from the quarries, it became necessary to construct the wal- ling and to lay the channelling mentioned.

Item (vi). The completion of the Waterloo Road nullah between the points mentioned enabled the old, untrained streamcourse, which ran along Pitt Street, to be filled in and the carriageway to be widened and surfaced.

Item (xii). This work was rendered necessary by the removal of the dust bin to a new position.

117. Training Nullahs,-General Works.-the following is a statement of the works carried out under this heading:

--

(i.) Extension of south wall and invert of nullah in Boundary Street, Fuk Tsun Heung, (completed).-north wall built by lessee of N.K.I.L.'s 46-48 (vide item (i) of last year's Report),

Length trained. Lin. Ft.

Expendi- ture.

$ 144.09

Q 71

P.W.E. Kowloon,

Length

(ii) Extension of storm-water culvert west of Kowloon City Road near K.M.L. 53, Hok Un, (completed), (vide item (ii) of last year's Report),

(iii) Extension of nullah and temporary channel in Soy Street near F.L. 2, Mongkoktsui, (not completed), (total length 460 feet) :-

Cost of Work..

Less contribution by

lessee,.

(iv.) Various small items,

1916 Estimates,

1916 Expenditure,

trained. Expendi-

Lin. Ft.

ture.

80 $1,359.06

$1,331.24

500.00

337

831.24

78.22

$2,500.00 2,412.61

118. Miscellaneous Drainage Works. The following is a state- ment of the principal items carried out under this heading, the amounts stated representing in some cases only a portion of the cost owing to the works extending into more than one year :-

(i.) Laying 15" sewer underneath the railway lines from existing outfall in sea-wall to Salisbury Road opposite Nathan Road, (completed), (vide item (ix) in last year's Report),.

$2,386.18

(ii) Extension of 6" sewer in Kansu Street from Canton Road to K.I.L. 1296, (completed),

298.41

(iii) Extension of 9" sewer in new road north of

Fife Street to K.I.L. 1287, (completed),

265.92

(iv.) Extension of 12′′ sewer in Nathan Road and 6” sewer in scavenging lane north of K.I.L. 1262, (completed),

845.85

(v.) Extension of 9" stormwater drain in Kansu

Street opposite K.I.L. 1296, (completed),

138.34

(vi.) Laying temporary 6" cast iron pipe and con- structing channels near K.I.L. 1292, Kowloon City Road, (completed),

202.25

(vii.) Extension of 9" stormwater drain in new street east of K.I.L. 571 from Saigon Street to Cheuk Lok Street, (completed),.

(viii.) Laying 21′′, 18′′ and 15" stormwater drain from Waterloo nullah to Steam Laundry, (K.I.L. 1157), for drainage of Pitt Street, (completed),... (ix) Extension of 6" sewer and 9" stormwater drain

to K.M.L.'s 58-63, (completed),.

349.69

1,733.76

637.26

(x.) Extension of 6" sewer in Ship Lane, Taikoktsui,

between K.I.L.'s 178 & 182, (completed),

275.23

(xi.) Constructing 15" channel from junction of Ashley and Middle Roads to Tsimshatsui Police Station and connecting same to stormwater drain, (completed), .

141.39

P.W.E. Kowloon.

(xii.) Laying 6" sewer in lane rear of K.I.L. 1217 from Hamilton Street, Mongkoktsui, (com- pleted),

(xiii.) Extension of 6" sewer in lane rear of K.I.L. 1261 at junction of Argyle Street and Nathan Road, (completed),

(xiv.) Drain connections (20) and other minor works:-

Cost of Work,

Less contributions by various

lessees, etc.,..

1916 Estimates,

1916. Sup. Vote,

$ 212.19

443.98

$1,723.47

633.50

1,089.97

$10,000.00

3,000.00

$13,000.00

9.020.42

1916 Expenditure,

Item (i). This was a continuation of the work referred to in item (ix) of last year's Report.

Items (ii), (iii), (iv), (ix), (x), (xii) & (xiii). Extensions were required in all these cases to take the drainage from new houses erected on the various lots mentioned.

Item (v). An extension of the stormwater drain was required to take the surface water from the newly-formed roadway opposite K.I.L. 1296.

Item (vi). A temporary drain and channels were laid to take the sullage drainage from houses erected on K.I.L. 1292 until the neighbourhood is more developed.

Items (vii) & (viii). Extensions of these stormwater drains were required in connection with the formation of the roadways mentioned.

Item (xi). As stormwater from the compound of Tsimshatsui Police Station discharged on to Crown land, forming pools in which mosquitoes were liable to breed, a cement concrete channel and down-shaft were formed and connected to the stormwater drain in Middle Road.

Item (xiv). This calls for no comment.

119. Extensions of Lighting.The following lamps were erected:-

Gas Lamps.

Canton Road and Reclamation Street be-

tween Waterloo Road and Pitt Street, 4

Sham Chun Street,

2

Argyle Street,

2.

Pitt Street,

1

Hamilton Street,

1

Cheung Lok Street,

1*

Increase in Gas Lamps,

11

* Provided under Private Street Improvements and charged to lessec of lot.

78

Brought forward,

Electric Lamps (incandescent).

Taikoktsui,

Hok Un,

Total increase in number of

lamps, gas and electric,

1916 Estimates,

1916 Sup. Vote,

P.W.E. Kowloon.

11

10

9

॥੪॥੩

19*

30

$500.00

400.00

$900.00 898.45

1916 Expenditure,

120. Typhoon Refuge, Mongkoktsui.-As mentioned in last year's Report, this work was completed in August, 1915, but the retention money under the Contract, amounting to $25,000, and a few other items remained to be paid in 1916. The principal other item was a payment of $1,700 to the lessees of Kowloon Marine Lot No. 32 for the rebuilding of a benzine godown the removal of which was necessitated by the readjustment of their lot. This pay- ment was made in accordance with the terms of the settlement effected with the lessees in 1910.

Operations for the removal of a submerged pinnacle rock near the northern entrance to the Refuge were undertaken. As the rock projected 10 feet above the level of the surrounding bed of the harbour, its summit being only 6 feet below low water ordinary spring tides, it formed a possible source of danger to junks making for the Refuge. A staging was erected over the rock and a hole 4 inches in diameter and 4 feet in depth was drilled in it. Arrange- ments were made with the Naval Authorities to provide the ex- plosives and to carry out the blasting operations, but these had not been completed by the end of the year.

With regard to the settlement of the breakwater, the central indicator referred to in last year's Report showed a further sub- sidence of 3 inches from June, 1915, to December, 1916. The total settlement below the surface of the dredged trench, as recorded by this indicator, from January, 1911, when it was lowered into posi- tion, to December, 1916, has amounted to 6' 5".

From levels which have been taken on the top of the break- water, it is found that, during the period first mentioned, (June, 1915, to December, 1916), settlement has occurred varying from 1" at the north end to 5" at the south end, except that over the central portion of the curve, for a length of about 400 feet, the subsidence has been materially greater, being as follows:

June, 1915, to September, 1915,

""

March, 1916, December, 1916,.

4"

9"

16"

* As a separate vote for "Electric Lighting, Shamshuipo ", has now been provided under Public Works Recurrent", to which the 13 lamps erected in Shamshui- po in 1915 have been transferred, the increase in the number of such lamps in Kowloon (vide paragraph 74 of this Report) appears as 6.

P.W.E. Kowloon.

74

The following is a detailed statement of the expenditure in con- nection with the Typhoon Refuge :-

*

Preliminary and incidental expenses,

including cost of survey, &c., &c., $ Consulting Engineers' fees (£207. 2s. 4d.). Cost of supervision, including salaries of Engineering Staff, Overseers, and Foremen, and hire of launches,. Cost of dredging,

Contract payments,..

Total,

19.300.09

2,327.10

108,604.82

155,178.66

1,923,174.32

$2,208,584.99

1916 Estimates,...$30,000.00 | Total Estimates,.. $2,301,600.00

1916 Expenditure, 27,013.08

Expenditure to

31/12/16, (Total Cost)

2,208,584.99

121. Repairing and Coaling Yard for Government Launches.— The erection of the steel pier, referred to in last year's Report, was completed during the year. An additional landing, not included in the original design, was added during the construction of the pier. Electric light, controlled from the Sergeant's quarters was installed at the pier-head.

The running rails and central rack check rail for the cradle of the slipway were laid. Contracts for the iron and steelwork and for the timber framework and erection of the cradle complete were let to Messrs. W. S. Bailey & Co., Ltd., and to Messrs. Wing Lee & Co., respectively. Both Contracts were completed during the year. The cradle will take launches of the class of the "Victoria" and is fitted with adjustable bilge blocks to enable it to accommodate the smaller classes of Government launches.

The electrically-driven winch for operating the cradle did not arrive during the year but a motor-house in which to instal it was erected.

A building for the storage of petrol and kerosene was erected in the yard. The building measures 24 feet by 11 feet and is a substantial structure of concrete and brickwork, thorough ventila- tion being secured by steel grilles. The cost of it, amounting to $1,069.17, was charged to "Miscellaneous Works, Kowloon ".

1916 Estimates, $ 3,500.00 Total Estimates,...$47,900.00 1916 Sup. Vote,... 12,000.00

$15,500.00

Expenditure to

1916 Expenditure,... 10,601.22 31/12/16,......... 44,477.44

122. Chinese Cemeteries--Laying out new areas. -A statement of the works carried out under this heading will be found in para- graph 42 of this Report.

1916 Estimates,

1916 Expenditure,.

$3,000.00 1,219.99

75

M

P.W.E. Kowloon.

123. Miscellaneous Works.-The following are the principal items of expenditure under this heading:-

Transferring typhoon signal-lights from Water Police

Station to Railway Station Tower,

.$1,216.18

Repairing and Coaling Yard for Government laun-

ches-Constructing Hazardous Goods Store, ..... 1,069.17 Post Office, Yaumati,-Erecting Chinese latrine and

altering kitchen, etc.,

Observatory-Providing galvanised-iron water tank

on roof,.

347.97

239.87

Shamshuipo Police Station--Converting store-room

into cell,

150.49

Signal Hill Station-Providing large winch and 1"

wire rope for hoisting typhoon signals,

141.45

“Fronde" Monument, King's Park,-Fixing 4 marble

panels,

125.00

1916 Estimates,

$3,500.00

1916 Sup. Vote,

12.43

$3,512.43

3,512.43

1916 Expenditure,..

124. Public Health and Buildings Ordinance--Compensation and Resumptions.-The purposes of this vote are referred to in paragraph 111 of this Report.

1916 Estimates,

1916 Sup. Vote,

1916 Expenditure,.

(1.) Properties resumed.

$5,000.00

5,000.00

$10,000.00

4,799.50

The following lots were resumed in order that the laying-out of future public roads and the development of the Shamshuipo district might be proceeded with:-

Lots 2561-2564 and 3205, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,

2360 and 2471, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,...

"J

2423, S.D. IV, Shamshuipo,

Compensation

paid. .$2,400.00

704.00

436.00

The following lot was resumed in view of future developments, being situated in proximity to a projected main road :——

Lot 11, Wongneiwu,.

Compensation

paid.

$297.00

(2.) Scavenging Lanes resumed on payment of compensation.

Area in Compensation

Sq. Ft.

paid.

In rear of Nos. 107-113 Canton Rd., K.M.L. 48, 385

$962.50

.

:

P.W.E. Kowloon.

Q 76

Arrangements were made for the resumption of an area required for a scavenging lane in the rear of Nos. 7 and 8 Humphreys Build- ings, K.I.L. 574, but compensation had not been paid before the close of the year. The area of the lane is 531 square feet and the compensation payable is $929.25.

(3.) Scavenging Lanes provided by owners but not surrendered to Government.

In rear of Nos. 6 & 7 Aimai Villas, K.I.L. 1171,

Area in

Sq. Ft.

667.50

780.00

Do. Nos. 12-19 Argyle Street, K.I.L. 1262, Do. Nos. 1-13 Sham Chun Street, K.M.L.'s 58-63, ... 1,173.00

125. Additional Filter Bed.-This work was completed, the new bed being brought into use on the 18th August. The dimen- sions of the bed are 70′ 0′′ × 104′ 6′′, giving an area of 815 square yards.

The filtering material consists of 2' 0" of sand, over-lying 3" of broken stone, spread over vitrified perforated tiles. The bed works freely and gives satisfactory results.

|

All liabilities were discharged before the close of the year. 1916 Estimates, ...$14,000.00 Total Estimates, ...$18,000.00

Expenditure to

31/12/16,

1916 Expenditure,

11,388.74

11,388.74

126. Miscellaneous Water Works. With the exception of com- pleting the 4′′ main in Cox's Path, mentioned in last year's Report (paragraph 155) and fixing 2 new street fountains for supplying premises on K.I.L. 1262 and K.M.L.'s 58-63, there was no further expenditure under this heading.

Laying new 4" main in Cox's Path, Fixing 2 new fountains,

1916 Estimates,

.$669.63

286.48

$2,000.00 956.11

1916 Expenditure,.

NEW TERRITORIES.

127. Lok Ma Chau Police Station.-This work, which included the erection of a boat-house, was fully described in last year's Report. Considerable difficulty was experienced in constructing the boat-house owing to the river-bank, on which it is situated, consist- ing entirely of mud. The difficulties were however successfully overcome and the structure was handed over to the Police in Decem- ber. All liabilities were discharged before the close of the year.

1916 Estimates, 1916 Sup. Vote,......

$2,500.00 Total Estimates,

400.00

$25,600.00

$2,900.00

1916 Expenditure,... 2,891.31

Expenditure to

31/12/16,

26,142.77

Q 77

P.W.E. New Territories.

128. Roads:

(a.) Castle Peak—Shataukok,—Bridge over Au Tau Creek.- The bridge was sufficiently advanced to admit of traffic passing over it by the end of August and, in November, the work was entirely completed.

As mentioned in last year's Report, the bridge is constructed throughout of ferro-concrete. It is supported on 48 piles, (14′′ × 14′′ and varying in length from 24′ 4′′ to 28′ 0′′), which have been driven into hard ground. The decking is 6" thick throughout and is supported on four longitudinal beams at 4′ 4′′ centres, two being 2'0" deep and the other two 2' 6" deep, the latter being intended to carry a light railway. In stating the depth of the beams, the thick- ness of the decking has been included. The cross-beams on top of the piles are 1' 6" deep and 6" thick. The decking overhangs the outside beams to the extent of 12" on each side, being supported by brackets at 5 feet centres.

The two end spans are braced, the intervening space being filled in with a rubble mound, finished off with a pitched slope.

The bridge is 308 feet long by 16 feet wide and comprises nine spans of 30 feet and two of 12 feet. The embankment form- ing the approach to the bridge on the north side is 20 feet wide on top. At the south end, where the road enters a cutting almost immediately, it has a width of 16 feet, that being the width of the cutting.

1916 Estimates, 1916 Sup. Votes,...

|

$14,000.00 Total Estimates, ...$29,000.00

4.950.00

$18,950.00 | Expenditure to

1916 Expenditure, 18,946.42 |

31/12/16,.

.29,297.18

(b.) Fanling to Castle Peak Bay-Widening to 20 feet the section extending from road leading to Fanling Golf Course to Santin Village (3.6 miles). This work was fully described in last year's Report.

The small length near Santin was finished off and, as there was a balance of money remaining, it was decided to widen to 20 feet certain portions of the Santin-Au Tau Section of the road. The additional length widened amounted to 0.8 mile and included the construction of one new 5′ 0′′ × 4′ 0′′ ferro-concrete culvert and the widening of a 15-feet 3-span culvert.

The cost of the resumptions of land required for the widening amounted to $637.98, the expenditure in 1916 being only $1.87.

P.W.E. New Territories.

78

All liabilities were discharged before the close of the year.

1916 Estimates,..... $3,000.00

Amount erroneously

debited to Vote in

Total Estimates,... $14,500.00

1915 and subsequent-

ly credited to Vote in 1916,

6,703.34*

Total,... $9,703.34

Expenditure to

1916 Expenditure,

6,160.81 31/12/16,

13,699.29

(c.) Kam Tin to Fanling viâ Ha Tsia Gap.--A survey of the centre line for a distance of 14 miles was made and levels were taken, but it was decided to postpone the work for the time being. No expenditure was incurred.

1916 Estimates,..... $33,000.00

1916 Expenditure,

Nil.

Total Estimates, ...$33,000.00 Expenditure to

31/12/16,

Nil.

(d) Sha Kong Mui to Ping Shan.-It was decided not to proceed with this work.

1916 Estimates,..

1916 Expenditure,

.$4,200.00

Nil.

(e.) Branch Road from Shanghai Street to Shamshuipo.—This work was undertaken to link up the village of Shamshuipo, where extensive developments are taking place, with the Kowloon road system. A Contract for it was let in May, the road being completed and opened for traffic before the close of the year.

The road, which is 20 feet wide and 2,400 feet in length, is constructed along the line of a future main road, which has been laid out with a width of 100 feet. It is partly on embankment, about 11 feet high, where it crosses a tidal flat, and partly in cutting, the quantity of material used in its formation amounting to 15,000 cubic yards. A masonry culvert, 8 feet × 5 feet, provides for the escape of stormwater from the low-lying area, the drainage of which has been intercepted by the embankment.

A number of resumptions were necessary to enable the work to be carried out and, in several cases, new lots were granted in exchange for the old, compensation being paid for the removal and re-erection of the buildings. The total amount expended in con- nection with such resumptions and exchanges amounted to $4,494.58. One lot, the owner of which could not be found, still remains to be dealt with. The new lots granted were levelled off in connection with the formation of the road.

year.

Certain liabilities remained outstanding at the close of the

1916 Estimates, ... $12,500.00 | Total Estimates,

.$12,500.00

1

1916 Expenditure,

11,933.47

Expenditure to 31/12/16,

.11,933.47

* In Annexe B, this amount is credited by deducting the whole of the sum expended and showing only the balance ($542.53), the sum of $3,000 provided in the Estimates remaining intact.

P.W.E. New Territories.

(f.) General Works.-The following is a statement of the works executed under this heading :

(i.) Shamshuipo, N.K.I.L.'s 41 and 27,-Raising to new levels and macadamising carriageway, kerbing, channelling and drainage,

(ii) Shamshuipo, N.K.I.L. 46,-Paving scavenging lane and laying granite setts and cement con- crete in front of lot,

$851.54

722.92

(iii). Shamshuipo, N.K.I.L.'s 92-101,--Kerbing and channelling and paving scavenging lane, includ- ing drainage,...

362.13

(iv.) Shamshuipo, N.K.I.L. 52,-Kerbing and chan-

nelling and paving scavenging lane,...

300.43

(v.) Shamshuipo, N.K.I.L. 39,-Extending kerbing

and channelling, including drainage,

258.53

(vi.) Wun Yiu-Contribution towards cost of con- structing a bridge over stream near Taipo,

700.00

(vii) Yung Shu Au-Contribution towards cost of constructing a bridge over stream near 3-Fathom Cove,

150.00

(viii.) Kam Tin-Surveying expenses in connection with a proposed road from Kam Tin to Fanling via Ha Tsia Gap,

167.15

Items (i.)-(v). These works became necessary on account of the erection of buildings on the lots mentioned.

Items (vi) and (vii). The construction of bridges across the streams at the places mentioned was undertaken by the Village Elders, the Government agreeing to contribute towards their cost.

Item (viii). The construction of a road by the route mentioned has been under contemplation for some time past and a survey was therefore undertaken to determine the best alignment. The scheme still remains in abeyance however.

1916 Estimates, 1916 Sup. Vote,

1916 Expenditure,

$3,000.00

2,750.00

$5,750.00

3,716.41

129. Miscellaneous Drainage Works.-The following is a state- ment of the principal works carried out under this heading during

the year:-

(i.) Extending 24" concrete sewer in Pei Ho Street for a distance of 133 yards to provide for branch

sewer to N.K.I.L. 56, Shamshuipo, (completed), $1,908.56

(ii) Laying temporary 6" pipe-sewer to connect branch sewers from N.K.I.L.'s 52 and 67 to streamcourse, Shamshuipo, (completed),

280.13

P.W.E. New Territories.

Q 80

(iii.) Extension of 6′′ branch sewer to N.K.I.L. 67,

Shamshuipo, (completed),

$

348.88

(iv.) Extension of 6" branch sewer to N.K.I.L.'s 52 &

58, Shamshuipo, (completed),...

175.22

(v.) Drain connections (3) and other minor works,

(completed),

Cost of work,

Less contributions by various

lessees, &c.,

1916 Estimates,

$228.28

77.53

150.75

$2,000.00

1916 Sup. Vote,

1916 Expenditure,

1,000.00

$3,000.00

2,863.54

130. Chinese Cemeteries-Laying out new areas. A statement of the works carried out under this heading will be found in para- graph 42 of this Report.

1916 Estimates,.

1916 Expenditure,

$500.00 180.81

131. Miscellaneous Works.-The following are the principal items of expenditure under this heading:-

(i.) Road to Shek Li Pui-Erecting pipe railing

round portion of Kowloon Reservoir,

$629.80

(ii) Taipo Market-Filling in and forming an area of about 3,000 square feet for the accommoda- tion of hawkers,

376.91

(iii) Taipo Road-Erecting warning signals for

motor-car traffic,

363.27

(iv.) Cheung Chau Police Station-Constructing water tank and carrying out sundry minor alterations, &c.,..............

158.10

(v.) Castle Peak Road-Forming a turning-place for motor-cars near the pier in Castle Peak Bay,

108.90

1916 Estimates,

$3,000.00

1916 Expenditure,

1,941.08

WORKS NOT APPEARING IN ESTIMATES.

HONGKONG.

132. Latrine accommodation at Kennedy Town.-Owing to the erection of a large number of houses at Kennedy Town, it was con- sidered advisable to provide some latrine accommodation and this was done by adapting for the purpose a small portion of a shed at the north-west corner of the Cattle Depôt. A supply of water from a nullah in the neighbourhood being available, a trough-closet,

81

Hongkong.

containing 10 seats, was provided. The structure also contains urinals and a store. A Contract was let to Messrs. Hop Hing Cheong in October and, at the close of the year, the work was well advanced.

The walls are lined with white-glazed tiles and the floor is surfaced with salt-glazed tiles of local manufacture.

In connection with this work, certain alterations were made in the water-supply to the depôt from the nullah already referred to, the old tank hitherto in use being abandoned and a small reservoir to contain about 13,000 gallons of water being constructed in the valley to the south of the depôt. The new reservoir is about 70 feet above the level of the latrine and the alterations will result in improving the supply to the depôt generally.

1916 Estimates,

1916 Expenditure, $ 1,259.32

Total Estimates,... $ 4,000.00 Expenditure to

31/12/16,......

1,259.32

133. Paving of Main Roads.—The motor-lorry referred to in paragraph 106 of last year's Report was delivered during the year and has been running successfully in connection with the Quarry. The tar-macadam mixing-machine ordered at the same time also arrived and has been erected in position at the Quarry, with specially designed hoppers and weighing apparatus. An extension of the rotary-dryer was carried out to enable it to deal with artificial asphalte.

1916 Estimates,

1916 Expenditure,

$ 9,978.20

134. Training Nullahs--Wongneichong Village—Extension of nullahs cast and west of I.L. 1926.-This work was described in last year's Report (paragraph 110 (e)). It was completed early in the year. The lengths trained have already been given.

1916 Estimates, .......

1916 Expenditure, $3,013.85 |

Total Estimates,... $ 9,700.00 Expenditure to

31/12/16,......

8,845.31

135. Training Nullahs-Magazine Gap District.-This work was also described in last year's Report and was completed early in the year. The lengths trained have already been given.

1916 Estimates, ...

1916 Expenditure, $ 1,159.81

Total Estimates,... $ 7,000.00 Expenditure to

31/12/16,..... 4,803.80

136. Telephone Cable across the Harbour.—As the cable hither- to existing only contained eight cores, several of which were defec- tive, it was decided to supplement it by laying a new cable of 10 pairs (20 cores). As mentioned in last year's Report, (paragraph 115), an indent for the cable was forwarded in May, 1915. It arrived in May, 1916, and was laid forthwith.

On the night of the 6th September, during a storm, the cable was fouled by a ship's anchor and severely damaged. Attempts

!

Hongkong.

Q 82

were made to effect the necessary repairs in position, but, ultimately, the cable had to be taken up and repaired on shore. Repairs were completed in November, the damaged portion being cut off, thus rendering the cable too short. The sound portion of the cable, 1,320 yards in length, was re-laid, the end being secured to enable it to be raised when required, and 440 yards of new cable were ordered to replace the damaged portion.

1916 Estimates,

1916 Expenditure,

$ 7,516.86

137. Exhumation at Mount Davis Cemetery.-The expenditure appearing under this heading was for the exhumation of graves from a considerable area of Crown land at Kennedy Town, situated to the south of the Cattle and Pig and Sheep Depôts. From records available, it appears that, in or about 1867, the area in question was intended to be devoted to Cemetery purposes, but, as it was never declared to be a Cemetery and as no boundaries for it were defined on the ground, considerable portions of it were appropriated by the Sanitary Department during recent years for purposes in connection with the Depôts. At the instance of the Directors of the Tung Wah Hospital, who raised the point, an area of about 15,700 sq. ft. has been marked out as a Cemetery and leased to that body, the graves situated outside its boundaries being exhumed.

1916 Estimates, 1916 Expenditure,

$2,713.35

138. Compensation for pathway along the eastern boundary of Eurasian Cemetery.—This item was described in paragraph 171 of last year's Report. As therein mentioned, the amount awarded as compensation remained unpaid at the end of 1915 and consequently a vote had to be taken in 1916.

KOWLOON.

1916 Estimates,.. 1916 Expenditure,

$2,500.00

139. Training Nullah—Waterloo Road. —A description of this work was given in paragraph 142(b) of last year's Report. The stormwater drains necessitated by the abolition of the old stream- course were completed early in the year.

1916 Estimates, ...

Total Estimates,

$11,000.00

1916 Expenditure, $1,993.29.

Expenditure to

31/12/16,

10,377.09

NEW TERRITORIES.

140. Police Station-Castle Peak.-It was considered necessary to station police at Castle Peak Bay and a matshed was accordingly erected on a hill on the west side of the bay. It contains a dormi- tory, 39′ 0′′ × 12′ 0′′, a mess-room, 12' 0" x 10' 0", and a room, 14′ 0′′ × 10′ 0′′, for an Indian Sergeant, besides the usual offices. A cell constructed of red brick in cement mortar with a concrete roof and iron gate was also provided. The work was carried out in a

Q 83

New Territories.

satisfactory manner by a local contractor at a cost of $1,121.03. Telephonic communication with Ping Shan Police Station was established at a cost of $1,492.12.

1916 Estimates,.

1916 Expenditure,

$2,613.15

141. Segregation Camp, Lai Chi Kok.-In consequence of out- breaks of cholera in the neighbouring countries, it was deemed expedient to place the segregation camp at Laichikok in readiness. 250 Chinese beds were provided and 2 water tanks and a bamboo pier were erected.

1916 Estimates,

1916 Expenditure,

$3,369.50

142. Taipo Road – Widening to 16 feet and improving bends, &c., between the 5th and 9th Milestones.—A Contract for the execution of extensive improvements to that section of the Taipo Road lying between the 5th and 9th milestones was let in November and by the end of the year work had been begun at three points.. No payment was made before the close of the year.

1916 Estimates,

1916 Expenditure,

143. Deep Bay-Buoying Channel.-With the aid of the Harbour Master's Department, 8 buoys were laid, with the necessary moorings, to mark the tortuous channel through the oyster beds at the mouth of the Sham Chun River. The work was carried out in a satisfactory manner at a total cost of $446.61 of which $199.27 remained to be paid in 1917.

1916 Estimates,

1916 Expenditure,

$ 247.34

144. Resumption in connection with the Golf Courses at Fanling. —A sum of $209.61, which had been drawn in 1913 or 1914 for pay- ment of compensation in connection with areas resumed for the Golf Course at Fanling, was refunded by the District Officer, North. The reasons for non-payment of this amount were as follows:-

(i.) Grant of other lands in exchange for areas resumed, $180.77 (ii) Impossibility of finding owners,

(iii.) Errors in calculating original amounts,

22.86

5.98

Total,..

$209.61

1916 Estimates, 1916 Expenditure,

Nil (credit $209.61).

HONGKONG.

ADVANCE ACCOUNT.

145. Praya Eust Reclamation Scheme.-The proposal to proceed with this work, which has remained in abeyance since 1905, (vide

Hongkong.

84

paragraph 82 of 1905 Report), having been revived, negotiations with the Naval Authorities and with Messrs. Jardine, Matheson & Co., regarding certain matters involved in the scheme were proceeded with. In the former case, the negotiations related to a proposal to acquire a corner of the Arsenal Yard with a view to affording direct communication from Queen's Road to a new main thoroughfare to be laid out on the Reclamation, thus eliminating the existing bends formed by Arsenal Street. Questions relating to the junction of the Reclamation with Admiralty property had also to be arranged. All these matters were finally settled by a letter from the Admiralty, dated 8th November, 1916, agreeing to the terms which had been proposed by the Colonial Government.

In the latter case, the negotiations related to a proposal to con- vert a portion of I.L. 29, which fronted on Praya East, into a Marine Lot and to the surrender or exchange of certain portions of M.L. 52 and I.L.'s 29 and 91 in connection with the extension past East Point property of the new main thoroughfare already alluded to. A statement of the terms of settlement with regard to the conversion of a portion of I.L. 29 into a Marine Lot will be found in paragraph 16 of this Report. The other matters were also satisfactorily arranged, the negotiations being concluded in November, 1915.

In order to enable reliable estimates of the scheme to be pre- pared, soundings were taken over an extensive area, the area to be reclaimed being defined by piles driven into the bed of the harbour. The cost of these operations was defrayed from an “Advance Account", the expenditure during the year amounting to $6,989.21, of which $5,618.40 represented the salary of the officer principally engaged on the work. Operations were still in progress at the close of the

year.

WORKS DEFRAYED FROM FUNDS NOT PROVIDED UNDER P.W.E. VOTES.

HONGKONG.

146. Ellis Kadoorie School for Indians.-The supply of the following fittings and furniture of teakwood for this school was carried out under this Department :-

50 Dual Desks for Scholars.

7 Tables for Masters.

6 Cupboards.

3 Bookcases with cupboards under.

The cost of the work amounted to $2,123.01, which was defrayed from Education Department funds.

147. Hongkong University—Making good stormwater damages and providing additional stormwater channels.— This work was un- dertaken on behalf of the University. It comprised the construction of nine buttresses to support retaining walls which threatened to collapse and of three lengths of retaining wall for the support of banks where landslips had occurred. Concrete channels varying

Q 85

Hongkong.

from 15" to 9" in diameter, the combined lengths of which amounted to 1,944 feet, were also constructed. The total cost of the work was $4,517.74, which was defrayed from University funds.

KOWLOON.

148. Approach to Kowloon Railway Station.—The area immc- diately in front of the station and to the south of Salisbury Road was made up to the required levels and macadamised, the necessary kerbing, channelling and footways being also provided. The cost of the work, amounting to $2,024.08, was defrayed from Railway Votes.

149. Footpath to Rifle Range, King's Park.—The alignment of the path was improved and the surface was coated with tarred- tops, cement concrete channels and catchpits being provided. The cost of the work, amounting to $1,113.67, was defrayed from Volun- teer funds.

Staff, &c.

150. The following officer retired on pension on account of age, his pension being commuted as there were difficulties in the way of making arrangements for regular payment owing to his living up country

Mr. Yip Sang, 5th Grade Foreman, pensioned on 1-5-16. 151. The following officers left the service of the Department during the

year :-

Mr. L. O. Ross, Assistant Engineer.

Mr. S. H. H. Ixer, Assistant Engineer, resigned to go home and serve, with permission to rejoin again after the war is over.

Mr. H. Fawcett, Overseer.

Mr. C. W. Randall, do.

Mr. A. Gillan, Dredging Master, Dredger "St. Enoch ". Mr. A. Gray, Chief Engineer, Dredger, "St. Enoch ".

Mr. C. McDonald, Apprentice Surveyor.

Mr. Yu Hoi Sang, 3rd Grade Clerk and Assistant. Mr. Fok U-lun, Draughtsman.

Mr. Chan Cheuk-hoi, 5th Grade Clerk.

Mr. Pang Lai-shang, 6th Grade Clerk.

-

Mr. Tang Lock, Apprentice Surveyor.

Mr. Tsang Wai, Engineer, Dredger "St. Enoch”.

Mr. Tong Chee, do.

do.

do.

Mr. Chan Sau, Boatswain,

do.

do.

Mr. Chan Sze, Quarter Master, do.

do.

Mr. Leung Shing, Waterman, do.

do.

:

Staff &c.

Mr. Yu-ping, Foreman.

Q86

Mr. Lee Wai-lam, Foreman.

and numerous other officers of subordinate rank.

152. The following appointments were made :-

Mr. S. A. Laxman, Temporary Overseer. Mr. O. Woodman, Apprentice Surveyor. Mr. Ngan Sai-leung, 5th Grade Clerk. Mr. Ho Shu-fong, 5th Grade Draughtsman. Mr. Leung Yan-i, 6th Grade Store Clerk. Mr. Lam Wing-tong, 6th Grade Store Clerk. Mr. Wen Cho-ming, Apprentice Surveyor. Mr. Un Kwan, Computer.

Mr. Lo Nam-chui, Tracer.

Mr. Wong Sik, Foreman.

Mr. Ip Fat,

do.

Mr. S. L. Cheng, do.

Mr. Chow Lee, do.

and numerous other officers of subordinate rank.

153. Mr J. S. dos Remedios, 1st Grade Clerk, Accounts Office, who was transferred to the Public Works Department on 16th September, 1915, reverted to the Post Office as 2nd Grade Clerk on 1st February, 1916, Mr. Cheng Cheuk-hin, 2nd Grade Clerk, Police Department, being transferred on promotion to succeed him.

154. The following officers joined and left the service of the Department during the year :--

Mr. G. Lewis, Dredging Master, Dredger “St. Enoch ”. Mr. Lai Yee, Chinese Navigator,

Mr. Chow Fook, Engineer,

do.

do.

Mr. Cheung On,

do.

do.

Mr. Pang Sze,

do.

do.

Mr. Leung Som,

do.

do.

Mr. Lai Sing, Boatswain,

do.

Mr. Leung Yau, do.

do.

Mr. Go Kam, Quarter Master,

do.

Mr. Wong Tim,

do.

do.

Mr. Leung Yaun,

do..

do.

Mr. J. Bowles, emporary Overseer.

Mr. Yip Kam-wah, Foreman.

Mr. Charles Tye,

do.

and numerous other officers of subordinate rank,

Q 87

Staff &c.

155. The following officers left and rejoined the service of the Department during the year

Mr. Li Hoy, Foreman.

Mr. Yuen Tim, do.

Mr. Young Tam, do.

Mr. Chow Yung, do.

Mr. Wai Wah-fong, Foreman. Mr. Do Kam-loi, Tracer.

Mr. Heung Choy, Waterman.

156. The following officers returned from long leave and resumed duty on the dates mentioned :-

-

Mr. C. H. Gale, 2nd A.D.P.W., 23-2-16.

Mr. A. H. Hollingsworth, Executive Engineer, 26-11-16. Mr. E. W. Carpenter, Executive Engineer, 15-9-16. Mr. F. A. Biden, Executive Engineer, 1-10-16.

Mr. E. Newhouse, Assistant Engineer, 25-1-16. Mr. H. West, Land Surveyor, 23-2-16.

Mr. J. Hutchings, Overseer, 10-2-16.

Mr. J. Dickson, Overseer, 21-2-16.

157. The following officers were granted local leave :-

Mr. D. Wood, Superintendent of Accounts, Correspondence

and Stores, two months.

Mr. R. M. Henderson, Assistant Engineer, two months.

Mr. H. C. Lowick, Assistant Engineer, two months.

Mr. Lai Fook, Foreman, one month.

Mr. R. S. Vergette, Overseer, six weeks.

158. Mr. Chatham, Director of Public Works, was absent from the Colony from the 19th August to the 22nd September, his services being lent to the Weihaiwei Government at the request of His Honour the Commissioner. His duties were per- formed during his absence by Mr. A. F. Churchill, First Assistant Director of Public Works.

W. CHATHAM, C.M.G., M.I.C.E.,

Director of Public Works.

PUBLIC WORKs Office, HONGKONG, 11th July, 1917.

...

89

Annexe A.

ANNUALLY RECURRENT EXPENDITURE, 1916.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

PROVISI-

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE. ONALLY BALANCE.

VOTED.

ESTABLISHMENT.

Personal Emoluments and Exchange Com-

SA

甘さ

C.

#A

C.

A

C.

C.

*

C.

EXCESS.

C.

pensation,

Other Charges,

417,952

370,736.60

37,282 30,197.51

$455,234 400,934.11

536.60

47,215.40 7,621.09

9,187.59 56,402.99 929.56 8,014.05

536.60

54,836.49 | 10,117.15 | 64,417.04

Special Expenditure.

Furniture,

300

271.33

28.67

:

28.67

PUBLIC WORKS RECURRENT.

HONGKONG.

Buildings.

:

1. Maintenance of Buildings,..

66,000

65,764.64

235.36

235.36

2. Improvements to Buildings,

9,000

8,655.01

844.99

344.99

3. Maintenance of Lighthouses,

4,500

3,758.30

741.70

741.70

Communications.

4. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges in

City,

76,000

74,968.69

1,031.31

:

1,031.31

5. Improvements to Roads and Bridges

in City,

25,000

24,412.63

587.37

587.37

6. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges

outside City,

30,000

31,213.32 1,213.32

1,230.61

17.29

7. Improvements to Roads and Bridges.

outside City,

5,000

4,932.79

67.21

67.21

8. Maintenance of Telephones, including

all Cables,

6,500

6,070.42

429.58

429.58

Drainage.

9. Maintenance of Sewers, Nuliabs, &c.,

16,000

15,615.21

384.79

384.79

Lighting.

10. Gas Lighting, City and Suburbs and

Hill District,

51,000 50,283.14

11. Electric Lighting, City, Hill District

and Shaukiwau,

24,500

23,889.82

716.86

716.86

610.18

610.18

Miscellaneous.

13.

12. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

Public Cemetery,

6,000

6,035.88

35.88

35.88

2,500

2,496.89

14.

Chinese Cemeteries,

4,500

1,009.94

3.11 3,490.06

3.11 3,490.06

15.

Public Recreation

""

Grounds,

3,000

2,048.38

951.62

951.62

16. Dredging Foreshores,

8,000

17. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,..

19,000

10,687.05 2,687.05 41,506.16 22,506.16

2,800.00

112.95

23,000.00

493.84

18. iores Depreciation,

4,800

Cr.5,315.17

10,115.17

10,115.17

18A.

Do.

7,500.00

7,500,00

18B.

Do.

3,226.10

3,226.10

19. Upkeep of Plant .

4,000

20,763.41

16,763.41

17,000.00

236.59

Water Works.

::

75,000

85,769.26 10,769.26

12,000.00

1,230.74

1,000

431.39 400

265.16 10,000 | 13,173.47

568.61 134.84

568.61 134.84

3,173.47

...

5,000.00

1.826.53

...$

451,700 504,477.06 57,148.55

57,148.55 20,412.76 71,792.59 24,330.70

20. Maintenance of City and Hill District,

21.

22.

""

Shankiwan, Aberdeen,

23. Water Account, (Meters, &c.),

Carried forward,

:

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

Q 90

ANNEXE A,-Continued.

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE.

PROVISI-

ONALLY BALANCE. VOTED.

EXCESS.

Brought forward,

KOWLOON.

Buildings.

24. Maintenance of Buildings,

25. Improvements to Buildings,

Communications.

$9

451,700

$ C. 504,477.06

$

57,148.55

C.

$ c. 20,412.76

$ C. 71,792.59

$ 24,330,70

C.

c.

13,000

12,625.43

374.57

374.57

1,000

771.85

228:15

228.15

26. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,

28,000

27.702.62

297.38

297.38

27. Improvements to Roads and Bridges,.. 28. Maintenance of Telephones,

4,000

3,994.45

5.55

2,500

1,403.60

1,096.40

5.55 1,096.40

Drainage.

29. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c., .

6,000

5,805.57

194.43

194.43

Lighting.

30. Gas Lighting,

12,500

12,109.72

390.28

390.28

31. Electric Lighting,

2,800

3,435.69

635.69

700.00

64.31.

...

::

Miscellaneous.

32. Maintenance of Praya Walls and Piers,

1,500

1,370.06

129.94

129.94

33.

99

Chinese Cemeteries,

500

34. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

4,000

485.70 4,511.92

14.30

14.30

511.92

...

3,000.00

2,488.08

Water Works.

35. Maintenance of Water Works,

10,000

36. Water Account, (Meters, &c.),

4,000

13,034.47 2,466.52

3,034.47

5,000.00

1,965.53

1,533.48

1,533.48

NEW TERRITORIES.

Buildings.

37. Maintenance of Buildings,-Islands in

Southern District,

38. Improvements to Buildings,-Islands

in Southern District,

39. Maintenance of Buildings,-Mainland

and Islands in Northern District,.... 40. Improvements to Buildings,--Mainland and Islands in Northern District,...

Communications.

1,500

1,026.40

500

15.00

9,000

8,227.95

500

47.80

41. Maintenance of Roads and Bridges,-

Mainland,

16,000

15,641.16

42. Improvements to Roads and Bridges,

-Mainland,

2,000

1,997.36

:

:

:

:

473.60

:

473.60

485.00

772.05

452.20

358.84

:

:

:

:

485.00

772.05

452.20

358.84

43. Maintenance of Telephones,-Main-

land,

4,000

3,167.46

2.64

832.54

2.64

832.54

Drainage.

44. Maintenance of Sewers, Nullahs, &c.,

-Mainland,

500

288.77

211.23

211.23

Lighting.

45. Electric Lighting, Shamshuipo,

600

499,20

:

100.80

100.80

Miscellaneous.

46. Maintenance of Chinese Cemeteries,-

Mainland,

100

99.62

:

47. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,

Islands in Southern District,

500

143.21

.38

356.79

:

.38

356.79

48. Typhoon and Rainstorm Damages,-

Mainland and Islands in Northern District,

2,000

2,925.71

925.71

1,500.00

574.29

Water Works.

49. Maintenance of Laichikok,.. 50. Water Account, (Meters, &c.),

1,500

200

1,880.05 33.33

380.05

400.00

166.67

19.95 166,67

630,187.68

Less credit,

5,315.17*

Total,.......

580,400 624,872.51 62,636.39 28,889.98 82,392.59 37,920.08

* Vide item 18.

:

:

:

:

:

:

CA

C.

JA

91

Annexe B.

EXTRAORDINARY EXPENDITURE, 1916.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL.

PROVISION-

INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY BALANCE. EXCESS.

VOTED.

#

$

C.

#f

C.

c.

SA

C.

C.

1. Wireless Telegraphy Station,...

7,500

14,092.12

6,592.12

2,321.68

4,270.44

2. Married Quarters for Police,--Caine

Road,

5,000

9,335.94

4,335.94

4,500.00

3. Gaol Extension, - New Block,

3,000

5,339.02

2,339.02

2,351.00

164.06 11.98

4. Quarters for Subordinate Officers,-

Happy Valley,

46,000

51,705.60

5,705.60

6,000.00

294.40

5. Central Police Station,-Extension,..."

30,000

5,691,32

24,308.68

24,308.68

6. Latrines and Urinals :---

HONGKONG.

Buildings.

(a.) Trough closet (underground) adjoining lower Tram Ter-

minus,

2,200

669.78

1,580.22

1,530.22

(b.) Converting existing urinal (underground) at junction of Peak and Robinson Roads into trough closet,

500

49.63

450.37

450.37

:.

:

(c.) Urinal (above-ground) in

shrubbery at junction of Gar- den and Bowen Roads,

800

261.09

538.91

538.91

Communications.

7. Roads:-

(a.) Aberdeen to Deep Water Bay,.

2,000

1,712.52

287.48

287.48

(b.) Path from Queen's Road East

to Kennedy Road adjoining

Inland Lots 2072 and 2079,

2,000

2,000.00

(c.) General Works,

15,000

15,332.58

332.58

500.00

2,000.00 167.42

Drainage.

8. Training Nullahs:-

(a) South-West of Marine Lot

239 & Inland Lot 1355,,

2,000

(b.) Aberdeen,

2,000

1,994.49 3,497.83

5.51

1,497.83

1,500.00

5.51 2.17

(c.) Branch streams east of main

stream, Pokfulam Village,......]

1,600

2,597.34

997.34

997.31

(d.) Stream in Sookunpoo Valley,.. (e.) General Works,

20,000

19,999.90

3,000

2,183.41

9. Miscellaneous Drainage Works,..............

20,000

9,271.42

.10 816.59 10,728.58

...

.10 816.59

10,728.58

Lighting.

10. Extensions of Lighting,

*

1,000

905.00

95.00

95.00

Miscellaneous.

11. Chinese Cemeteries,-Laying out new

areas,

3,000

1,713.93

1,286.07

1,286.07

12. Kailungwan Cemetery, Exhuma-

tions,

6,000

7.50

13. Survey of Colony,

4,000

2,377.08

5,992.40 1,622.92

5,992.40

1,622.92

14. Boundary Stones,

1,000

1,148.85

15. Dredging off Kowloon Point,.

4,000.

12,672.38

148.85 8,672.38

150.00 9,000.00

1.15

327.62

16. Post Office,-Improving lighting of

Sorting-Hall,

1,500

1,528.98

28.98

28.98

:

17. Lunatic Asylum,-Balconies to win- dows of Wardmaster's Quarters,.

600

18. Miscellaneous Works,

10,000

599.12 15,474.28

.88

.....

.88

5,474.28

5,492.68

18.40

Carried forward, .........$ 193,700

180,161.21

36,124.92 49,663.71 31,844.34 50,650.91

5,267.78

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

92

ANNEXE B.-Continued.

PROVISION-

ESTIMATED. ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY. BALANCE. EXCESS.

VOTED.

$

Brought forward,

193,700

Hongkong,-Continued.

Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903.

19. Compensation and Resumptions,

Water Works.

$

C.

$

ff

180,161.21

C. $ c.

C.

$ c. $ c.

36,124.92 49,663.71

49,663.71 31,844.34 50,650.91 5,267.78

10,000

10,152.10

152.10

1,600.00 1,447.90

20. Additional Service Reservoir, &c.,

West Point,.

200,000

21. Tytam Tuk Scheme,-Second Sec-

tion,

700,000

75,835.05

812,965.87

124,164.95

124,161.95

112,965.87

22. Altering and installing hydraulic

130,000.00 17,034,13

motor in connection with new Filter Beds, West Point,

23. Miscellaneous Water Works,

10,000 6,000

1,345.66 1,278.92

8,654.34 4,721.08

8,654.34 4,721.08

KOWLOON.

Communications.

24. Roads, General Works,

Drainage.

8,000

14,624.82 6,624.82

25. Training Nullahs,-General Works,... 26. Miscellaneous Drainage Works,

2,500

10,000

2,412.61 9,020.42

Lighting.

27. Extensions of Lighting,

Miscellaneous.

.500

898.45

398.45

7,500.00

875.18

87.39

· 979.58

3,000.00

87.39 3,979.58

400.00

1.55

...

28. Typhoon Refuge, Mongkoktsui,.......... 29. Repairing and Coaling Yard for Gov-

ernment Launches,

30,000

27,013.08

2,986.92

2,986.92

3,500

10,601.22 7,101.22

12,000.00

30. Chinese Cemeteries,-Laying out new

4,898.78

areas,

3,000

1,219.99

1,780.01

1,780,01

'.

31. Miscellaneous Works,..

3,500

3,512.43

12.43

12.43

Public Health and Buildings Ordinance, 1903.

32. Compensation and Resumptions,

5,000

4,799.50

200.50 9,100.00

9,300.50

Water Works.

33. Additional Filter Bed,

34. Miscellaneous Water Works,

14,000 2,000

11,388.74

956.11

2,611.26 1,043.89

2,611.26 1,043.89

New Territories.

Buildings.

35. Police Station, Lok Ma Chau,

2,500

2,891.31

391.31

400.00

8.69

Communications.

36. Roads:---

(a.) Castle Peak to Shataukok,-

Bridge over Au Tau Creek,

14,000

18,946.42

4,946.42

4,950.00

3.58

Carried forward,... 1,218,200 1,190,023.91

168,717.54 196,893.63 200,806.77 234,250.64 5,267.78

93

-

ANNEXE B,-Continued.

HEADS AND SUB-HEADS.

ESTIMATED.

Brought forward,

New Territories,-Continued.

Communications,—Continued.

(b.) Fanling to Castle Peak Bay,-

Widening to 20′ section from junction of Golf Club Road to San Tin, (3.60 miles),

PROVISION-

ACTUAL. INCREASE. DECREASE. ALLY. BALANCE. EXCESS.

VOTED

C.

1,218,200 1,190,023.91

C.

C.

C.

C.

C.

168,717.54 196,893.63 200,806.77 234,250.64 | 5,267.78

3,000

Cr.. 542.53

3,542.53

3,542.53

(c.) Kam Tin to Fanling via Ha

Tsia Gap,

33,000

33,000.00

33,000.00

(d.) Sha Kong Mui to Ping Shan,.

4,200

.4,200.00

4,200.00

(e.) Branch road from Shanghai

Street to Shamshuipo,

12,500

(f) General Works,

3,000

11,933.47 3,716.41

566.53

716.41

...

2,750.00

566.53 2,033.59

Drainage.

37. Miscellaneus Drainage Works,

2,000

2,863.54

863.54

1,000.00

136.46

Miscellaneous.

38. Chinese Cemeteries,-Laying out new

areas,

500

39. Micellaneous Works,

3,000

180.81 1,941.08

Works not appearing in

Estimates.

Hongkong.

"

40. Latrine accommodation at Kennedy

Town,

41. Paving of Main Roads,

42. Training Nullahs-Wongneichong

43.

29

Village,. Magazine Gap District,.....

44. Telephone Cable across the Harbour,.

45. Exhumation at Mount Davis Ce-

metery,

46. Compensation for pathway along the eastern boundary of the Eurasian Cemetery,

Kowloon.

47. Training Nullah :--'

-Waterloo Road,

New Territories.

48. Police Station, Castle Peak, 49. Segregation Camp, Laichikok,

50. Tai Po Road-Widening to 16 feet

and improving bends, etc.,

51. Deep Bay--Buoying Channel,

52. Resumption in connection with the

Golf Courses near Fanling,

Total,

319.19 1,058,92

319.19 1,058.92

:

:

::

1,259.32

9,978.20

4,540.68 21.80

5,800.00 10,000.00

4,540.68 21.80

3,613.85

786.15

4,400.00

786.15

1,159.81

340.19

1,500.00

340.19

7,516.86

.40

7,517.26

.40

2,713.35

2,713.35

2,500,00

2,500.00

1,993.29

606.71 2,600.00

606.71

2,613.15 3,369.50

2,613.15

200.50 3,570.00 200.50

202.66

450.00

202.66

209.61

209.61

247.34

Cr. 209.61

.$

1,279,400 1,247,623.89

Less Cr. 752.14*

170,297.49 246,489.50 248.220.53 286,016.56 5,267,78

1,246,871.75

* Vide items 36 (4) and 52.

MONTH.

POKFULAM.

In Reser-

voir 1st of

month.

Delivered

over

gange.

T

TYTAM.

Annexe C.

CITY AND HILL DISTRICT WATER WORKS, 1916. Monthly Consumption and Contents of Reservoirs (Millions of Gallons).

WONGNEICHONG.

TOTAL CON-!,

MINT DAM, BLUE POOL

RAIN-

COLLECTED TOTAL CON-

FALL

MAIN.

BY-WASHI. INTERMEDIATE. LOW LEVEL.

Delivered

over

In Reservoir In Reservoir 1st of month. 1st of month.

In Reservoir 1st of month.

In Reservoir 1st of month.

gange.

In Reser-

voir 1st of

month.

Delivered

over

gauge.

TENTS OF

IMPOUNDING

RESERVOIRS.

FROM

STREAMS.

SUMPTION

(Filtered).

AND

SUPPLIES

FROM

POKFULAM TOTAL.

GRAND

AT

REMARKS.

OBSER-

CONDUIT |(Unfiltered).

VATORY

(Inches).

Q 94

Jan.,

40.10

18.33

329.90

:

207.88

34.00

96.80

12.82

5.24

644.70

8.94

129.31

2.93

132.24 4.075

Feb.,

36.68

13.37

279.92

1.10

208.84

54.00

99.78

8.20

4.90

588.74

4.57

122.62

2.74

125.36305

March. 27.56

9.70

211.90

.22

207.88

30.00

99.39

.80

.57

478.36

8.23

117.89

3.67

121.56

April,. 19.65

12.34

137.33

.24

205.96

101.10

.75

363.93

9.85

123.29

3.64

126.93

4.295

0.335

Supply by street fountains in lider Main Districts from 1st January until 5th June, except for 5 days at Chinese New Year, during which sup- ply by house-services was restored,-full sup- ply by house-services in` all other districts.

May,.

18.45

15.06

68.50

.83

209.42

95.76

4.26

9.93

301.46

13.15

133.90

3.59

137.49

12:935

June,

66.00

24.70

198.02

5.72

195.90

119.99

61.25

22.56

4.33

608.19

75.32

165.60

2.80

July, 65.64

41.90

384.80

22.37

195.90

87.00

104.80

30.34

11.90

786.05

40.75

199.35

3.61

Aug.

60.88

43.24

380.60

7.86

204.48

92.84

.144.61

22.10

5.07

768.76

27.25

220.17

4.13

Sept., 42.74

19.99

279.92

8.14

205.48

119.65

133.49

15.96

13.41

671.89

29.12

196.01

3.90

199.91

168.40 32.180

202.96 8.295

224.30 5.040

10:520

Supply by house-services in Rider Main Districts restored from 6th June until 15th November- full supply by house. services universal.

·Oct.,... 65.82

39.02

241.18

9.03

210.40

197.68

120.53

14.84

14.76

738.95

15.93

190.24

4.84

Nov.,. 41.35

18.62

193.66

.50

209.91

191.25

116.29

.99

.88

637.66

2.43

138.22

· 3.10

Dec.,

26.46

8.42

152.94

1.17

167.51

179,25

107.36

1.57

.31

528.90

.06

116.15

2.71

141.32 0.075

118.86 0.050

195.08 0.780

Supply by house services discon tinued in Rider Main Districts from 16th November until 31st December and supply by street fountains substituted-full sup- ply by house-services in all other districts.

Total,!

264.69

1916.

Total,

1915.

262.05

Increase

Or

Decrease.

+

2.64

...

...

:

:

:

1,281.16

1,274.95

+

6.21

:

71.30

90.06

235.60

1,852.75

41.66

1,894.41

79.855

188.01 1,815.07

42.77

1,857.84

76.025

18.76

...

+ 47.59

+

37.69

1.11

+

36.57

+ 3·830

DA !

Annexe D.

CITY AND HILL DISTRICT WATER WORKS, 1916. Farticulars of Metered and Unmetered Supplies.

(Millions of Gallons.)

FILTERED SUPPLY.

UNMETERED.

METERED.

TOTAL

METERED

UNFILTERED

GRAND

AND

MONTH.

CITY.

UNMETERED.

SUPPLY

(Metered).

TOTAL.

CITY.

HILL

DISTRICT.

TOTAL.

Trade. Domestic.

95 -

January,

98.32

17.39

10.70

2.90

30.99

129.31

2.93

132.24

February,

89.61

19.51

12.02

2.48

* 33.01

122.62

2.74

125.36

March,

83.05

20.13

12.33

2.38

34.84

117.89

3.67

121.56

April,

76.93

21.07

22.94

2.35

46.36

123.29

3.64

126.93

May,

93.38

21.54

16.33

2.65

40.52

133.90

3.59

137.49

June,

126.21

21.49

15.37

2.53

39.39

165.60

2.80

168.40

July,

155.61

23.17

17.77

2.80

43.74

199.35

3.61

202.96

August,

172.56

24.25

20.40

2.96

47.61

220.17

4.13

224.30

September,

150.83

23.85

18.37

2.96

45.18

196.01

3.90

199.91

October,...

151.45

19.93

16.24

2.62

38.79

190.24

4,84

195.08

November,

101.08

19.00

15.61

2.53

37.14

138.22

3.10

141.32

December,

85.05

16.93

11.78

2.39

31.10

116.15

2.71

118.86

Total, 1916,

1,384.08

247.26

189.86

31.55

468.67

1,852.75

41.66

1,894.41

Total, 1915,

1,365.23

254.77

158.14

36.93

449.84

1,815.07

42.77

1,857.84

Increase or Decrease,

+ 18.85

7.51

+ 31.72

5.38

+ 18.83 +

37.68

1.11

+ 36.57

Annexe E.

CITY AND HILL DISTRICT WATER WORKS, 1916.

Water pumped to Hill District and High Levels of the City (Millions of Gallons).

(Theoretical Displacement of Pumps.)

HILL DISTRICT.

HIGH LEVELS OF THE CITY.

GRAND

Q 96

MONTH.

700′ and 750′ TANKS. (Conduit & Peak Roads District.)

600′ and 650' TANKS. (Robinson Road District.)

TOTAL

Combined

Totals.

PUMPED.

Motor.

Engine.

Total.

Motor.

Engine.

Total.

Motor.

Engine. Total.

January,

2.90

2.90

1.86

1.86

4.18

2.15

6.33

8.19

11.09

February,

2.48

2.48

1.22

1.22

2.70

2.82

5.52

6.74

9.22

March,.

2.38

2.38

1.28

1.28

2.83

2.63

5.46

6.74

9.12

April,

2.35

2.35

1.69

1.69

2.76

2.65

5.41

7.10

9.45

May,

2.65

.65

1.36

J.36

3.72

3.00

6.72

8.08

10.73

June,

2.53

2.53

1.81

1.81

4.20

2.26

6.46

8.27

· 10.80

July,

2.80

2.80

1,65

1.65

3.99

2.70

6.69

8.34

11.14

August,

2.96

2.96

1.69

1.69

3.47

2.70

6.17

7:86

10.82

September,

2.96

2.96

1.45

1.45

3.59

2.95

6.54

7.99

10.95

October,

2.62

2.62

1.52

1.52

4.34

2,36

6.70

8,22

10.84

November,

2.53

2,53

1.27

1.27

3.95

2.50

6.45

7.72

10.25

December,

2.39

2.39

1.96

1,96

3.98

2.11

6.09

8.05

10.44

Total, 1916,

31,55

31.55

18.76

18.76

43.71

30.83

74.54

93.30

124.85

Total, 1915,

0.03

36.90

36.93

15.64

15.64

48.90

33.31

82.21

97.85

134.78

Increase or Decrease,...

0.03

5.35

5.38

+ 3,12 + 3.12

5.19

2.48

7.67

4.55

9.93

Annexes F, G, & J.

VILLAGE AND WATER BOAT SUPPLIES, 1916.

Details of Consumption (Millions of Gallons).

1

F.

G.

SHAUKIWAN WATER WORKS.

ABERDEEN WATER WORKS.

Month.

Metered

Unmetered

Total.

Sai Wan

Grand

Supply.

Supply.

Supply.

Total.

Metered Unmetered Supply. Supply.

Total.

J.

LAICHIKOK

WATER BOAT

SUPPLY

(METERED).

January,...

0.16

2.77

2.93

0.18

3.11

0.53

1.57

2.10

7.78

February,

0.15

2.46

2.61

0.21

2.82

0.43

1.02

1.45

6.79

March,..

0.16

2.41

2.57

0.36

2.93

0.47

1.02

1.49

· 8.01

April,.

0.18

2.97

3.15

0.32

3.47

0.70

0.96

1.66

8.21

May,

0.18

3.25

3.43

0.15

3.58

0.59

1.11

1.70

8.63

June,

0.17

3.10

3.27

0.18

3.45

0.53

1.67

2.10

4.78

July,

0.19

3.33

3.52

0.15

3.67

0.53

1.64

2.17

5.85

August,

0.19

3.64

3.83

0.01

3.84

0.64

1,53

2.17

6.12

September,

0.19

3.39

3.58

0.13

3.71

0.55

1,58

2.13

6.74

October,

0.21

3.33

3.54

0.02

3.56

0.85

1.59

2.44

7.49

November,

0.19

3.02

3.21

0.12

3.33

0.99

1.12

2.11

8.77

December,

0.18

2.47

2.65

0.10

2.75

0.70

1.05

1.75

10.20

Total, 1916,...

2.15

36.14

38.29

1.93

40.22

7.51

15.76

23.27

89.37

Total, 1915,....

2.21

35.10

37.61

5.25

42.56

6.21

18.16

24.37

81.51

Increase or Decrease,

0.06

+ 1.04

+ 0.98

3.32

2.34

+ 1.30

2.40

1.10

+ 7.86

Annexe H.

KOWLOON WATERWORKS, 1916.

Contents of Reservoir and Details of Monthly Consumption (Millions of Gallons).

Metered Supply.

In Reservoir

Unmetered

Month.

1st of Month.

Supply..

Grand

Total.

Remarks.

Trade.

Domestic.

Total.

January,

304.80

9.26

2.99

12.25

21.00

33.25

February,

287.40

8.11

2.96

11.07

14.89

25.96

March,...

260.00

8.62

2.75

11.37

19.63

31.00

April,.

228.02

9.36

3.50

12.86

20.15

33.01

98

May,

204.24

9.22

3.65

12.87

24.40

37.27

June,

221.94

8.59

3.61

12.20

23.44

35.64

Constant supply

}

July,

352.50

8.78

4.12

12.90

27.84

40.74

throughout the

August,

352.50

10.11

4.30

14.41

27.75

42.16

whole year.

September,

349.89

9.83

3.71

13.54

25.66

39.20

October,

352.50

10.27

3.65

13.92

26.28

40.20

November,

342.10

10.99

3.54

14.53

22.46

36.99

December,.

312.10

10.03

3.03

13.06

23.70

36.76

Total, 1916,

113.17

41.81

154.98

277.20

432.18

Total, 1915,

103.28

42.56

145.84

254.35

400.19

Increase or Decrease,...

+ 9.89

0.75

+ 9.14

+ 22.85

+ 31.99

*

Q 99

Annexe K.

REPORT ON LAND SURVEY WORK

FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31ST MARCH, 1917.

Four maps, numbered 1-4, accompany this report.

*

1. Organization.-The Land Survey Office, which at present includes a staff of 10 European Surveyors, 1 Junior Assistant Native Surveyor and 2 Native Apprentice Surveyors under the direction of an officer designated the Principal Land Surveyor, forms a branch of the Public Works Department.

The Principal Land Surveyor, in addition to supervising the usual survey work necessary in a rapidly developing Colony, is the executive officer for dealing with all matters relating to Crown Lands, the whole of which are under the charge of the Director of Public Works. He submits reports on all applications for land, conducts all sales of areas to be let on long leases, prepares permits for temporary occupation of land and licences for temporary piers, and attends to the preparation of lease plans for lots of land, quarries, permanent piers, etc., and to the keeping of numerous records.

Two Land Bailiffs, whose time is wholly occupied in preventing illegal squatting and encroachment upon Crown Land, which are very common offences among the Chinese population, are attached to the office.

Two computers, three clerks, one draughtsman, and seven tracers, all natives, are employed in the office.

In addition to the above-mentioned staff, there are 47 survey coolies receiving wages varying from $9.00 to $14.00 per month with allowance.

* Not reproduced.

2.- Survey Staff.

:.

Office.

Name.

Rate of Salary.

Present Salary.

Allowance.

Date of

arrival in

Colony.

Date of

present

rank.

Q 100

Principal Land

Surveyor,

L. C. P. Rees.

£510 to £540 by triennial increments of £30.

£540 and £60

Duty Pay.

1st Grade Surveyor,

B. W. Grey.

£450 to £480 by annual increments of £10.

£480 and £40 Duty Pay.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance and £60 per ann. duty pay 12 months after attain- ing maximum salary.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance and £40 per ann. duty pay 12 months after attain- ing maximum salary.

4-1-02.

4-1-02.

1-5-99.

1-1-13.

1st Grade Surveyor,

E. B. Reed,

P.A.S.I.

£450 to £480 by annual increments of £10 commencing with £450 on 28-10-14.

£470.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance and £40 per ann. duty pay

12-12-05.

1-1-13.

12 months after attain-

ing maximum salary.

2nd Grade Surveyor,

F. Sutton,

F.S.1.(Col.)

£360 to £420 by aunual increments of £10.

£410.

$360 per ann. con- 29-7-08. veyance allowance and

1-1-13.

£40 per ann. duty pay

12 months after attain-

ing maximum salary.

2nd Grade Surveyor,

H. West,

P.A.S.I.

£360 to £420 by annual increments of £10.

£390.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance and £40 per ann. duty pay 12 months after attain- ing maximum salary.

3-8-10.

3-8-13.

Assistant Surveyor, W. A. J. Cooper.[

£330 to £420 by annual increments of £10.

£370.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance.

14-8-12.

14-8-12.

Do.

W. E. Douglas,

B.A.

£330 to £420 by annual increments of £10.

£360.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance.

27-12-13.

27-12-13.

?

Do.

E. B. Lambert.

£330 to £420 by annual increments of £10.

£360.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance.

27-12-13.

27-12-13.

101

Assistant Surveyor (under Agreement),

H. H. Pegg.

£330 to £350 by annual increments of £10.

£350.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance.

15-5-14.

15-5-14.

Assistant Surveyor

E. Larmour.

(under Agreement),

£330 to £350 by annual increments of £10.

£350,

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance.

19-11-14.

19-11-14.

Assistant Surveyor F. W. Wood. (under Agreement),

£330 to £350 by annual increments of

£350.

$360 per ann. con-

19-11-14,

19-11-14.

veyance allowance.

£10.

2.-Survey Staff,-Continued.

Office.

Name.

Rate of Salary.

Present Salary.

Allowance.

Date of

arrival in

Colony.

Date of

present

rank.

102

Assistant Surveyor A. Anderson,

(under Agreement),

B.A., B.E.

£330 to £350 by annual increments of £10.

£350.

$360 per ann. con- veyance allowance.

19-11-14.

19-11-14.

Junior Assistant

Wong Hon.

Surveyor,

$1,440 to $1,880 by $120 per annum.

$1,440.

$180 per ann. con- veyance allowance.

3-1-11.

1-6-16.

Apprentice Surveyor, Ng Ka Pui.

$720 to $1,200 by annual increments of $120.

$840

$180 per ann. con- veyance allowance.

1-2-11.

1-6-16.

Do.

Wen Cho

Ming.

$720 to 1,200 by

$720.

annual increments of

$180 per ann. con- veyance allowance.

14-6-16.

14-6-16.

$120.

3.—Staff of Land Bailiffs, Computers, Clerks, &c.

103

Office.

Name.

Rate of Salary.

Present Salary.

Allowance.

Date of First Appointment. sent rank.

Date of pre-

1st Grade Land Bailiff, F. H. Dillon.

£250 to £270 by one

£270.

triennial increment

$360 per annum con- veyance allowance

6. 6. 04.

1. 1. 15.

of £20.

& free quarters.

1st Grade Land Bailiff, J. C. Mackay. Computer,

Do.

£270.

Do.

Chan Pui-lau.

$360 to $840 by $60

$540.

annually.

Computer,.....

Un Kwan.

Do.

$360.

Clerk, 4th Grade,

Clerk, 4th Grade,... Clerk, 5th Grade,

Draughtsman, 4th Grade,

Tracer, 1st Class, Tracer, 2nd Class,.

Tracer, Temporary,

Tracer, Temporary, Tracer, Temporary, Tracer, 3rd Class,

Lo Nam-chui Do Kam-loi.

Ko Siu-fan.

$720 to $900 by $60

$900.

annually.

Chan Tin-fuk.

Do.

$900.

| H

Lai Ming-kai.

$480 to $660 by $60

$660.

6. 09.

9. 8. 11.

1. 10. 07.

1. 2. 13.

11. 7. 16.

2. 7. 12.

2. 7. 12.

21.

10. 4. 12.

25. 3. 12.

1. 1. 15.

17. 8. 15.

11. 7. 16.

annually.

Tang Ngok-wan. $720 to $900 by $60

$900.

28. 10. 05.

1. 1. 13.

annually.

Lo Ka-tsok.

Luk-kui.

Tang Ki-fan.

Do.

$840.

1. 11. 06.

1. 1. 15.

$480 to $660 by $60

$660.

12.

9. 10.

1. 1 16.

annually.

$480: no progressive

$480.

8.

9. 13.

8. 9. 13.

scale.

Do.

$480.

9.

6. 16.

9. 6. 16.

Do.

$480.

13. 6. 16.

13. 6, 16.

Tang Chi-lun.

$240 to $420 by $60

$360.

20.

2. 13.

20. 2. 13.

annually.

Tracer, 3rd Class,...... Fung-kun.

Do.

$240.

1. 6. 14.

1. 6. 14.

Q 104

4. Cost of Office. As the Survey Office forms part of the Public Works Department and is accommodated in the same building, the charges for numerous items such as lighting, heating, electric fans, etc., cannot be stated. Omitting these, the following is a statement of the cost:-

Salaries,

Conveyance Allowance,

$ 65,329.45

4,852.70

Wages for coolies,

6,506.42

Mounting Plans,

16.30

*Drawing Materials,

Land Survey Contingencies,

170.55

Transport & Travelling Expenses,

565.21

Survey of Colony,

2,354.77

Incidental Expenses,...

107.80

Surveying Instruments, Furniture,

150.00

2.50

Total,...

$ 80,055.70

See Plan (4).

See Plan (2).

See Plan (1).

5. Trigonometrical Survey.-Minor triangulation work has been extended from Stonecutters and Mount Davis to Kau I Chau Island, Cheung Chau Island and Lamma Island, two old stations and three Military Bench Marks being utilized. The work was extended by series of interlacing polygons and closed with excellent results.

6. Topographical and Cadastral Surveys.-About 152 miles of main and minor traverses have been run during the year and traverse stations permanently marked on the ground.

The Ordnance Survey of the Colony has been steadily carried on, 43 acres in Central District, 57 acres in Western District, and 10 acres in Eastern District being completed and plotted to a scale of 50' to an inch.

An area of about 7 acres was surveyed and plotted in the Peak District to a scale of 50'-1", which completes the survey. This survey has been reduced to 200' to an inch and inked in; the new map should shortly be ready for printing.

The Ordnance Survey of Kowloon is completed as mentioned in last year's report and is being revised as development progresses. Surveys are now in progress of portions of New Kowloon and Sham- shuipo (where large developments are taking place), and which ou completion will be included in the new 200′ to an inch plans.

The Ordnance Survey of Kowloon City was commenced during the year and an area of 43 acres has been surveyed and plotted (con- taining about 1,020 houses) to a scale of 50' to an inch.

* The cost for this item is not available, this being a Departmental General

Account.

105

A Survey was prepared of a new Chinese Cemetery at Aberdeen containing an area of about 1474 acres; the area was also defined by boundary stones. A Survey was also made in connection with the setting out of Kowloon Bay Reclamation Scheme, which covered an area of about 226·92 acres.

Surveys were also made of 15 lots in Hongkong and Kowloon, covering an area of 663,660 sq. ft., which were put up to public auction and realized $146,826.00 in premium and $2,174.00 in Crown rent.

One European Surveyor and a Junior Assistant. Surveyor (na- tive) were stationed permanently in the New Territories to continue the surveys of villages in the New Territories.

The following villages in the New Territories were surveyed and plotted during the year, viz. :-Leung A Pai, Tai Om, Ping Leng Tin Liu Ha, Ko Tin Hom, Sha Po, Pat Tam Tso, Leung A, Leung Tsai Tsing, Chai Kek Wai, Shui Wa, Pak Ng Au Shek, Tai Mong Chai, Ma Po Mei, San Uk Ha, Ng Tung Chai, Lo Wai, Un Kung, Ng Tung Chai San Wai, Wo Liu, Tai Om Shan, She San, Tong Mui Tsun, San Tong, San Tsun San Wai, Cheung Uk Tsun, Fong Ma Po, San Uk Pai, Hang Ma Po, Ka Liu Ha, Ha Tai Wo, Tai Wo, Tai Hang, Tsoi Hang Wai Tou, Kau Lung Hang, Tai Wai, Tuig U Wai, Tai Po Mei, Cheung Shui Tan, Cheung Shui Tan Lo Uk, Po Min, Cheung Shui Tan Lo Wai, Wong Nai Fai, Cheung Shui Tan Ngak, Nam Cheung Uk, Fong Wong Li, Kau Tau Wai, Li Uk Tsun, Ha Heung Un Tsun, Heung Un Wai, Tung Un Ha Tsun, Ng Iu Ha, Ping Yeung, Wo Kang Shan, Chuk Un Tsun, Ping Tse Tsun, Ping Tse Un Ha, San Kai Wat, Ping Tse Kak Tin, Ping Tse Shui Wai, Hung Ling, Leng Tsai, Tam Chuk Hang Leng Pai, Tai Po Tin, Tam Chuk Hang San Uk, Tam Chuk Hang San Wai, Kau Tau Ling, San Tong Po, Lau Shui Hung, Wong Ka Wai, Fu Yiu, San Hui Wai, Yeung Siu Hang, Sai Heung Yeun, Tsz Tin Tsuen, Tsz Tin Wai, Po Tong Ha, Siu Hang, Leung Tin Tsuen, Lamtei San Uk, Lamtei Wai, Lamtei Tsuen, Ting Tsz Wai, Tseng Chun Wai, Nei Wai, Shung Fung Wai, Chung Uk Tsuen, Fong Kong Tsuen, Sha Kong Min, Sha Kong Po, Ngao Hom San Tsuen, Ngao Hom, and Nam Shi Wat.

In addition to the villages enumerated, numerous minor surveys required by the District Officer, North, were prepared.

year.

7. Maps published.-No new maps were published during the

8. Miscellaneous Matters.-The following maps and plans were prepared for official use during the year:-188 lease plans (in triplicate), 8 sale plans (in duplicate), 395 tracings and 1,968 sunprints in connection with proposed sales, permits, etc., whilst 1,006 permits for temporary occupation of Crown land and 55 licences for temporary piers and slipways were issued.

9. Staff-During the year, Mr. Douglas was transferred to the Engineering Department as 2nd Grade Assistant Engineer.

106

The undermentioned officers were absent on leave during the year, viz. :-

Mr. L. C. P. Rees 32 days' sick leave, 26 days' vacation

leave.

Mr. B. W. Grey 3 days' sick leave, 1 day's vacation leave. Mr. E. B. Reed 10 months' vacation leave commencing 21st

April, 1916, and special leave for duration of the war. Mr. F. Sutton 5 days' sick leave.

Mr. H. West special leave for duration of the war, from

12th March, 1917.

Mr. W. A. J. Cooper 8 days' sick leave.

Mr. A. Anderson special leave for duration of the war, from

1st March, 1917.

Mr. F. W. Wood 3 days' sick leave. Mr. Ng Ka Pui 6 days' vacation leave. Mr. Wen Cho Ming 11 days' sick leave. Mr. F. H. Dillon 3 days' sick leave. Mr. J. C. Mackay 4 days' vacation leave.

W. CHATHAM, C.M.G., M.I.C.E.,

Director of Public Works.

HONGKONG, 1st June, 1917.

Appendix R.

REPORT ON THE GENERAL POST OFFICE, HONGKONG, FOR THE YEAR 1916.

1.-STAFF.

Mr. E. D. C. Wolfe acted as Colonial Treasurer in addition to his other duties from the 8th April to the 21st October.

Mr. J. D. Lloyd, Assistant Postmaster General, was attached to the office of the Superintendent of Imports and Exports through- out the year.

Mr. N. L. Smith, acting Assistant Postmaster General, went on leave on the 23rd April and was replaced by Mr. R. E. Lindsell who acted until the 12th November. He in turn was relieved by Mr. E. W. Hamilton who took over the duties as Mr. N. L. Smith was granted leave of absence for the duration of the war on his receiving a commission in the Army.

It is with great regret that I have to report the death on the 4th August of Mr. T. H. Martin, Superintendent of the Registra- tion and Parcels Branches, after 14 years service in the General Post Office Hongkong following on a lengthy service in the General Post Office of the United Kingdom. The services of Mr. J. A. Cooper, sergeant in the 4th King's Shropshire Light Infantry and a postal officer by profession, were very kindly placed at the disposal of the General Post Office by the General Officer Commanding the Troops stationed in Hongkong. Mr. Cooper acted as Superin- tendent from the 14th August until 31st December when he was. re-called for duty with his regiment.

Mr. R. C. Watt continued to act as Postal Inspector in addition to his other duties, no definite appointment being possible during the continuance of the war. During the year three members of the clerical staff were transferred to other Departments, one to the Magistracy, one to the Supreme Court, and one to the Education Department. To replace them three clerks were transferred to the General Post Office, one from the Public Works Department, one from the Magistracy (correspondence clerk) and one from the General Post Office Telephone Exchange. Eight clerks resigned and were replaced by six General Post Office probationers, one probationer from the Colonial Secretary's Office and one outside clerk.

In the Radio Telegraph Staff one new appointment was made, a probationer Radio Telegraphist in grade IV being appointed on the 1st April. He was promoted to grade IV on passing the prescribed test after which he was transferred to operate the Land Line at the D'Aguilar Wireless Station.

R 2

2.-MAILS.

The number of mail bags and packets despatched from Hong- kong during the year amounted to 123,238 as against 123,645 in 1915, a decrease of 407; and the number received to 115,678 as against 118,517, a decrease of 2,839. These figures include ships' letter boxes, and mails for His Majesty's ships and Foreign men- of-war on the China Station.

The number of mail bags and packets sent in transit through the Colony amounted to 68,333 as against 70,993 in 1915, a decrease of 2,658.

Boxes and Baskets in transit amounted to 11,203 as against 11,049 or 154 more than in 1915..

4,023 steamers carrying mails arrived and 5,253 steamers left in 1916 as against 4,972, and 5,292 respectively in 1915.

Full details appear in Table I.

3.- REGISTRATION AND PARCELS.

Registered and insured articles handled by the General Post Office amounted to 735,767 as against 679,167 in 1915, an increase of 56,600.

Registered articles via Siberia amounted to 55,419 as compared with 54,536, an increase of 883.

Full details appear in Table II.

Parcels, ordinary and insured, handled by the General Post Office amounted to 119,586, as compared with 105,423 in 1915, an increase of 14,163.

Full details appear in Table III.

4.-REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

Table IV contains a statement of Postal Revenue and Expen- diture for the year. The revenue amounted to $401,742.33, an increase of $33,284.56 as compared with the year 1915. There were substantial increases in the sale of postage stamps and in box holders' fees collected-the latter being due to (a) raising the scale of the larger sized boxes from $10.00 to $20.00 per annum and (b) the installation of additional private letter boxes in the Chinese Branch.

The Expenditure decreased from $403,609.02 in 1915 to $308, 136.33 in 1916, which was principally due to the high rate of exchange prevailing during the year and recovery of arrears of outstanding transit accounts. The balance of the revenue over expenditure amounted to $93,606.00

Table V shows the postage stamps, etc., of each denomination issued for sale during the years 1915 and 1916.

Table VI shows the revenue and expenditure of the Post Office for the 10 years 1907 to 1916.

R 3

Table VII gives the revenue from the sale of postage stamps for the years 1914, 1915 and 1916. The increase of revenue from this source in the year 1916 over that of the year 1915 amounted to $35,612.75.

5.-MONEY Orders.

The growing activity in the money order service reported in 1915 has continued with unabated vigour throughout this year. The Chinese remittances from the United Kingdom have increased by the large amount of £12,380; and the increases from India, Japan, Straits and Malaya are due to the same causes. The high rate of the dollar accounts for the increase under the head of orders is- sued, especially £10,080 of orders sent to India. There was only one decrease of any consequence, viz., £2,336 for New Zealand. In 1915 a large remittance of £2,000 was made in consequence of the repatriation of some Chinese from Apia, Samoa; no such remittance was made in 1916. The increase, therefore, reported in 1915 was not maintained in 1916.

Taken on the whole the transactions are very satisfactory, showing a net increase of £53,905. 14s. 11d. over those of 1915. The interchange of telegraphic money orders with the United Kingdom began on the 1st October but the cost of the transmission of the messages is too high to ensure its general use except for the maximum amount (£40) and only few orders were recorded for the year.

The sale of Postal Orders, both Imperial and Local, was almost the same as in 1915, and has not shown such a large shrinkage as in 1915. In that year the decrease in Postal Orders as compared with the year 1914 amounted to £6,870.

Inward Postal Orders showed an increase amounting to £3,337. Full details appear in Tables VIII, IX, and X.

6. CHINESE CORRESPONDENCE.

Chinese Delivery Section General Post Office.

During the year this Section handled 1,777,123 ordinary letters, 303,433 other articles, and 9,634 postal hong packets. The registered articles delivered amounted to 234,238 of which 145,510 were from the United States of America and Canada, and 88,728 from China and other countries, showing an increase of 24,115 as compared with 210,123 in 1915. 1,932 insured letters were dealt with as against 1,221 in 1915.

The Hong Licences of 24 Chinese Postal Hongs were renewed. During the year two postal hongs ceased to carry on business and their licenses were accordingly withdrawn and cancelled.

Owing to the demand for private letter boxes by the members of the Chinese Community an order for 261 new private box-holders' boxes was given early in the year. The new boxes arrived in Hongkong in October and by the end of the year 173 boxes had been let.

R 4

Two new sorting tables each containing sorting accommodation for four sorters were fitted up in this Section during the